Science.gov

Sample records for access telephone line

  1. Invisible Divide: Farm Workers and Telephone Accessibility.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grieshop, James I.; Delgadillo, Viviana; Flores, Nicolas; Ramirez, Debora

    2003-01-01

    A survey of California farm workers (n=34), former farm workers (n=7), vendors of telephone technology (n=13), and farm camp managers (n=5) revealed a pattern of low access to and availability of telephones and problems in the use of prepaid telephone cards. Results show that farm worker communities are largely forgotten in discussions of the…

  2. ORNL system for measurement of telephone-line attenuation

    SciTech Connect

    Rochelle, R.W.; Williams, I.E.

    1988-06-01

    The purpose of modifying the TS-100 Automated Tempest Test System software was to use the equipment for making radio-frequency attenuation measurements between an input port and an output port of a telephone network. One set of tests was performed to simulate the electromagnetic radiation from a secure computer terminal and its coupling to telephone lines within a building. Another set of tests was conducted to determine the procedures for measuring attenuation on telephone lines between buildings that are all within the secure zone. The measurements indicate that attenuation between the terminal and the telephone is a function of many variables; however, attenuation in the cable between the buildings is proportional to the length of the cable between the buildings. 1 ref., 2 figs.

  3. Japan's Widespread Use of Cellular Telephones To Access the Internet: Implications for Educational Telecommunications.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scott, Douglass J.

    In the 3 years since their introduction, Internet-capable cellular telephones are used by over 47 million Japanese (37% of the population) which nearly equals the number of people using personal computers to access the Internet. If this trend continues, the cellular telephone will overtake the personal computer as the most widely used Internet…

  4. 47 CFR 51.217 - Nondiscriminatory access: Telephone numbers, operator services, directory assistance services...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ..., operator services, directory assistance services, and directory listings. 51.217 Section 51.217... Obligations of All Local Exchange Carriers § 51.217 Nondiscriminatory access: Telephone numbers, operator... carrier (LEC) in that LEC's service area. (2) Nondiscriminatory access. “Nondiscriminatory access”...

  5. 25 CFR 169.26 - Telephone and telegraph lines; radio, television, and other communications facilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Telephone and telegraph lines; radio, television, and other communications facilities. 169.26 Section 169.26 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER RIGHTS-OF-WAY OVER INDIAN LANDS § 169.26 Telephone and telegraph...

  6. 25 CFR 169.26 - Telephone and telegraph lines; radio, television, and other communications facilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Telephone and telegraph lines; radio, television, and other communications facilities. 169.26 Section 169.26 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER RIGHTS-OF-WAY OVER INDIAN LANDS § 169.26 Telephone and telegraph...

  7. 25 CFR 169.26 - Telephone and telegraph lines; radio, television, and other communications facilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Telephone and telegraph lines; radio, television, and other communications facilities. 169.26 Section 169.26 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER RIGHTS-OF-WAY OVER INDIAN LANDS § 169.26 Telephone and telegraph...

  8. 25 CFR 169.26 - Telephone and telegraph lines; radio, television, and other communications facilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2012-04-01 2011-04-01 true Telephone and telegraph lines; radio, television, and other communications facilities. 169.26 Section 169.26 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER RIGHTS-OF-WAY OVER INDIAN LANDS § 169.26 Telephone and telegraph...

  9. 25 CFR 169.26 - Telephone and telegraph lines; radio, television, and other communications facilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Telephone and telegraph lines; radio, television, and other communications facilities. 169.26 Section 169.26 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER RIGHTS-OF-WAY OVER INDIAN LANDS § 169.26 Telephone and telegraph...

  10. Modeling Auditory-Haptic Interface Cues from an Analog Multi-line Telephone

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Begault, Durand R.; Anderson, Mark R.; Bittner, Rachael M.

    2012-01-01

    The Western Electric Company produced a multi-line telephone during the 1940s-1970s using a six-button interface design that provided robust tactile, haptic and auditory cues regarding the "state" of the communication system. This multi-line telephone was used as a model for a trade study comparison of two interfaces: a touchscreen interface (iPad)) versus a pressure-sensitive strain gauge button interface (Phidget USB interface controllers). The experiment and its results are detailed in the authors' AES 133rd convention paper " Multimodal Information Management: Evaluation of Auditory and Haptic Cues for NextGen Communication Dispays". This Engineering Brief describes how the interface logic, visual indications, and auditory cues of the original telephone were synthesized using MAX/MSP, including the logic for line selection, line hold, and priority line activation.

  11. Telephone talk: effects of two access methods on phone call success.

    PubMed

    Hanson, Elizabeth K; Goldhammer, Emily; Bethard, Tanya

    2016-09-01

    The slower and unnatural timing of speech inherent to speech-generating devices (SGDs) can be a barrier to successful aided telephone calls. The timing of message delivery when using an SGD may vary depending on the type of access method used. We measured the difference in the success rate of telephone calls made with an SGD either using switch scanning or direct selection with eye gaze. The scripted calls, asking for directions, were placed to 100 randomly selected businesses. Analysis showed a statistically significant difference in the success rate between the two conditions, with eye gaze access resulting in more successful calls. Findings from this study suggest that people who use SGDs for phone calls may improve the timing of message delivery by using eye gaze access compared to switch scanning. PMID:27400281

  12. Bandwidth Reduction For The Transmission Of Sign Language Over Telephone Lines

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Boubekker, Mansouria

    1988-10-01

    This paper describes a system for the transmission of American Sign Language (ASL) over standard telephone lines. Video quality digital images require a transmission bandwidth at least 4000 times wider than that allowable by the standard voice telephone network. This study presents compression, segmentation and coding techniques that reduce the information content of visual images while preserving the meaning of the transmitted message. The resulting processed information can be transmitted at digital rates within the range of the commercially available 9600 baud modems. The simulated real-time animations of the decoded cartoon images used for the experimental data represent ASL and finger spelling with an intelligibility approximating 85%. This result is within the range of the intelligibility provided by speech communication over telephone lines.

  13. Web-Enhanced Tobacco Tactics With Telephone Support Versus 1-800-QUIT-NOW Telephone Line Intervention for Operating Engineers: Randomized Controlled Trial

    PubMed Central

    Choi, Seung Hee; Waltje, Andrea H; Ronis, David L; Noonan, Devon; Hong, OiSaeng; Richardson, Caroline R; Meeker, John D

    2014-01-01

    Background Novel interventions tailored to blue collar workers are needed to reduce the disparities in smoking rates among occupational groups. Objective The main objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and usage of the Web-enhanced “Tobacco Tactics” intervention targeting operating engineers (heavy equipment operators) compared to the “1-800-QUIT-NOW” telephone line. Methods Operating engineers (N=145) attending one of 25 safety training sessions from 2010 through 2012 were randomized to either the Tobacco Tactics website with nurse counseling by phone and access to nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) or to the 1-800-QUIT-NOW telephone line, which provided an equal number of phone calls and NRT. The primary outcome was self-reported 7-day abstinence at 30-day and 6-month follow-up. The outcomes were compared using chi-square tests, t tests, generalized mixed models, and logistic regression models. Results The average age was 42 years and most were male (115/145, 79.3%) and white (125/145, 86.2%). Using an intent-to-treat analysis, the Tobacco Tactics website group showed significantly higher quit rates (18/67, 27%) than the 1-800-QUIT NOW group (6/78, 8%) at 30-day follow-up (P=.003), but this difference was no longer significant at 6-month follow-up. There were significantly more positive changes in harm reduction measures (quit attempts, number of cigarettes smoked per day, and nicotine dependence) at both 30-day and 6-month follow-up in the Tobacco Tactics group compared to the 1-800-QUIT-NOW group. Compared to participants in the 1-800-QUIT NOW group, significantly more of those in the Tobacco Tactics website group participated in the interventions, received phone calls and NRT, and found the intervention helpful. Conclusions The Web-enhanced Tobacco Tactics website with telephone support showed higher efficacy and reach than the 1-800-QUIT-NOW intervention. Longer counseling sessions may be needed to improve 6-month cessation rates. Trial

  14. [A telephone hotline as an easily accessible service for questions on schizophrenia].

    PubMed

    Wessling, A; Wölwer, W; Heres, S; Mayenberger, M; Rummel, C; Sievers, M; Wagner, M; Klosterkötter, J; Gaebel, W

    2006-09-01

    Public relations activities of the German Research Network on Schizophrenia (GRNS) have shown that there is a demand for more information about schizophrenia disorder. This confirms international research findings that relatives of schizophrenia patients are particularly in need of information and support. In response, the GRNS has maintained a telephone hotline since 2001. The hotline is manned by clinical experts, psychiatrists, or psychologists once a week. The telephone calls are documented in a systematic manner. From 2001 to 2003, 3,909 calls were registered. This volume exceeds the limit of the hotline's resources. The telephone hotline is mainly used by relatives of psychotic patients. Most questions relate to the symptoms of schizophrenia and pharmaceutical treatment. The need for emotional support is also a high motivational factor for dialing the hotline number. The telephone hotline seems to be a worthwhile addition to the already existing crisis telephones and should be maintained even after public funding of the network expires. PMID:16028078

  15. Impact of a Regional Pharmacy Call Center on Telephone Access Metrics Within the Veterans Health Administration

    PubMed Central

    Jones, Marshall R.; Kuester, Melanie K.; Myers, Kelly L.; Schnarr, Barbara A.

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: To establish a cost-effective centralized pharmacy call center to serve the patients of Veterans Integrated Service Network (VISN) 11 that would meet established performance metrics. Methods: A pilot project began in August 2011 with the Indianapolis VA Medical Center (VAMC) and the Health Resource Center (HRC) in Topeka, Kansas. The Indianapolis VAMC used a first-call resolution business model consisting of pharmacy technicians receiving tier 1 phone calls that could be escalated to a tier 2 line that consisted of lead technicians and pharmacists, while the HRC utilized general telephone agents that would transfer unresolved calls to the primary facility. Pre- and post-VISN 11 Pharmacy Call Center performance metrics were compared for each of the 7 facilities in the network with the goals being monthly average abandoned call rate less than 5% and average speed to answer less than 30 seconds. Cost per call was also compared. Results: The average abandoned call rate for the network during the year prior to VISN 11 Pharmacy Call Center implementation (August 2010-July 2011) was 15.66% and decreased to 3% in July 2014. The average abandoned call rate decreased for each individual facility. In fiscal year 2014, the VISN 11 Pharmacy Call Center was operating at a cost of $4.35 per call while providing more services than the HRC, resulting in less workload being transferred back to the individual facilities. Conclusion: A centralized VISN pharmacy call center is a reasonable alternative to individual facility call centers or the HRC. PMID:26405322

  16. 47 CFR 51.217 - Nondiscriminatory access: Telephone numbers, operator services, directory assistance services...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ..., regardless of the identity of the customer's local telephone service provider. (3) Directory assistance... paragraph (c)(3)(iv) of this section, on a nondiscriminatory basis, notwithstanding the identity of the customer's local service provider, or the identity of the provider for the customer whose listing...

  17. Telephone triage.

    PubMed

    Preston, F A

    2000-01-01

    Nurses frequently provide advice and education over the phone. Telephone triage is an area of potential litigation for the nurse. Information must be clear, concise, and accurate. The nurse needs to ascertain that the patient understands the instructions provided and feels free to ask questions and receive clarification of any information that is confusing. Documentation needs to describe the nursing process of data collection, planning, intervention, and evaluation. In this way, patients will receive quality information that allows them to manage symptoms at home, understand when medical interventions are necessary, and avoid unnecessary delays in care. Telephone triage is an integral part of oncology care that covers a broad range of activities, including symptom management, medication renewal, coordination of care, education, and psychosocial support. As telephone triage becomes more "high risk, high volume," nurses must review the triage process used in their clinical settings. Areas to discuss and delineate include differentiation between medical, nursing, and secretarial responsibilities; technical support systems and access; documentation guidelines; telephone triage protocols; staff education; and patient satisfaction (Nauright, Moneyham, & Williamson, 1999). PMID:11899331

  18. Waterproof Raised Floor Makes Utility Lines Accessible

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Cohen, M. M.

    1984-01-01

    Floor for laboratories, hospitals and factories waterproof yet allows access to subfloor utilities. Elevated access floor system designed for installations with multitude of diverse utility systems routed under and up through floor and requirement of separation of potentially conflicting utility services. Floor covered by continuous sheet of heat resealable vinyl. Floor system cut open when changes are made in utility lines and ducts. After modifications, floor covering resealed to protect subfloor utilities from spills and leaks.

  19. Telephone Training.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Career Resources Development Center, Inc., San Francisco, CA.

    Instructional materials for telephone usage instruction address both personal and job-related telephone use needs. Six units are included on these topics: (1) telephone buttons and sounds, telephone book use, American names, telephone numbers, and taking messages; (2) greetings, information seeking, and carrying on a dialogue; (3) taking a message…

  20. On-line atomic data access

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schultz, David R.; Nash, Jeffrey K.

    1996-07-01

    The need for atomic data is one which continues to expand in a wide variety of applications including fusion energy, astrophysics, laser-produced plasma research, and plasma processing. Modern computer database and communications technology enables this data to be placed on-line and obtained by users over the INTERNET. Presented here is a summary of the observations and conclusions regarding such on-line atomic data access derived from a forum held at the Tenth APS Topical Conference on Atomic Processes in Plasmas.

  1. October 1 Begins New Era of Telephone Access: 711 Will Permit Easy Nationwide Access to Relay Services.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Communication Disorders Quarterly, 2002

    2002-01-01

    This article highlights the debut of a new three-digit number for access to all Telecommunication Relay Services. Under new federal rules, 711 dialing must be provided by all U.S. telecommunication carriers, including wireline, wireless, and payphone providers. In addition, carriers are required to publicize the availability of 711 access. (CR)

  2. Effect of Information and Telephone-Guided Access to Community Support for People with Chronic Kidney Disease: Randomised Controlled Trial

    PubMed Central

    Blakeman, Tom; Blickem, Christian; Kennedy, Anne; Reeves, David; Bower, Peter; Gaffney, Hannah; Gardner, Caroline; Lee, Victoria; Jariwala, Praksha; Dawson, Shoba; Mossabir, Rahena; Brooks, Helen; Richardson, Gerry; Spackman, Eldon; Vassilev, Ivaylo; Chew-Graham, Carolyn; Rogers, Anne

    2014-01-01

    Background Implementation of self-management support in traditional primary care settings has proved difficult, encouraging the development of alternative models which actively link to community resources. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a common condition usually diagnosed in the presence of other co-morbidities. This trial aimed to determine the effectiveness of an intervention to provide information and telephone-guided access to community support versus usual care for patients with stage 3 CKD. Methods and Findings In a pragmatic, two-arm, patient level randomised controlled trial 436 patients with a diagnosis of stage 3 CKD were recruited from 24 general practices in Greater Manchester. Patients were randomised to intervention (215) or usual care (221). Primary outcome measures were health related quality of life (EQ-5D health questionnaire), blood pressure control, and positive and active engagement in life (heiQ) at 6 months. At 6 months, mean health related quality of life was significantly higher for the intervention group (adjusted mean difference = 0.05; 95% CI = 0.01, 0.08) and blood pressure was controlled for a significantly greater proportion of patients in the intervention group (adjusted odds-ratio = 1.85; 95% CI = 1.25, 2.72). Patients did not differ significantly in positive and active engagement in life. The intervention group reported a reduction in costs compared with control. Conclusions An intervention to provide tailored information and telephone-guided access to community resources was associated with modest but significant improvements in health related quality of life and better maintenance of blood pressure control for patients with stage 3 CKD compared with usual care. However, further research is required to identify the mechanisms of action of the intervention. Trial Registration Controlled-Trials.com ISRCTN45433299 PMID:25330169

  3. Understanding reasons for asthma outpatient (non)‐attendance and exploring the role of telephone and e‐consulting in facilitating access to care: exploratory qualitative study

    PubMed Central

    van Baar, J D; Joosten, H; Car, J; Freeman, G K; Partridge, M R; van Weel, C; Sheikh, A

    2006-01-01

    Objective To understand factors influencing patients' decisions to attend for outpatient follow up consultations for asthma and to explore patients' attitudes to telephone and email consultations in facilitating access to asthma care. Design Exploratory qualitative study using in depth interviews. Setting Hospital outpatient clinic in West London. Participants Nineteen patients with moderate to severe asthma (12 “attenders” and 7 “non‐attenders”). Results Patients' main reasons for attending were the wish to improve control over asthma symptoms and a concern not to jeopardise the valued relationship with their doctor. Memory lapses, poor health, and disillusionment with the structure of outpatient care were important factors implicated in non‐attendance. The patients were generally sceptical about the suggestion that greater opportunity for telephone consulting might improve access to care. They expressed concerns about the difficulties in effectively communicating through non‐face to face media and were worried that clinicians would not be in a position to perform an adequate physical examination over the telephone. Email and text messaging were viewed as potentially useful for sending appointment reminders and sharing clinical information but were not considered to be acceptable alternatives to the face to face clinic encounter. Conclusions Memory lapses, impaired mobility due to poor health, and frustration with outpatient clinic organisation resulting in long waiting times and discontinuity of care are factors that deter patients from attending for hospital asthma assessments. The idea of telephone review assessments was viewed with scepticism by most study subjects. Particular attention should be given to explaining to patients the benefits of telephone consultations, and to seeking their views as to whether they would like to try them out before replacing face to face consultations with them. Email and text messaging may have a role in issuing

  4. Comparison of three methods of remote metering of electrical energy: Telephone line, fiber optic, and radio packet. Final report, June 1995--August 1995

    SciTech Connect

    Winterheimer, C.

    1998-07-01

    This report deals with the selection of a data communication system for a remote metering system. It covers the following three types of systems: fiber optic, telephone line, and radio packet. It provides a methodology for selecting a communication system for a given remote metering system and a method for comparing costs.

  5. [An analysis of telephone health counseling for Japanese employees and their families abroad, "Japan health Care Line (overseas)"].

    PubMed

    Kamoshita, K; Kato, M; Inamura, H

    1997-06-01

    In the past 6 years, the "Japan Health Care Line" has accumulated over 2,000 cases of telephone counseling calls, mainly on health problems, by Japanese living abroad on business, and their families, in 55 countries. The characteristics of these Japanese from medical aspects (physical and psychological), life style, and education were determined; and factors that influence their life abroad as well as some of their problems were analyzed. The role that telephone counseling can play in alleviating their anxiety, in helping them adapt, and in maintaining their health was also examined. The clients were Japanese employees and their families whose health insurance associations had joined this service. Data were recorded on a card for 14 items-the caller, the person needing the advice, age, sex, area of residence, length of stay, hour of call, number of calls etc. The data and main complaints were categorized in three ways: 1) by medical fields for business reports; 2) by coding the complaints; and 3) by the ICD-10 classification. Of the callers, 80% were in their 20's and 30's, meanwhile, as to the persons who need the advice, 30% of them were under 10, and 30% were in their 30's. There were many cases in obstetrics-gynecology, pediatrics, and general medical information. In the contents of the counseling, conditions or symptoms of the client were foremost, and together with advice on treatment, comprised half the calls. A study was made on the correlation between the clients' length of stay/location and the main complaints. Clients living abroad less than 1 year tended to call more, especially for vaccination, translation, mental problems, and medical systems, but did not call much in fields of obstetrics-gynecology, dentistry-oral surgery, examination data and treatments. Location did not make much difference in the fields of consultations, except for obstetrics-gynecology and dermatology. Middle and Near East countries had special characteristics to their

  6. The impact of patient record access on appointments and telephone calls in two English general practices: a population-based study.

    PubMed

    Fitton, Caroline; Fitton, Richard; Hannan, Amir; Fisher, Brian; Morgan, Lawrie; Halsall, David

    2014-01-01

    Background Government policy expects all patients who wish to have online record access (RA) by 2015. We currently have no knowledge of the impact of patient record access on practice workload. Setting Two urban general practices in Manchester. Question What is the impact of patient RA on telephone calls and appointments in UK general practice? Method We asked patients in two urban general practices who used RA whether it had increased or decreased their use of the practice over the previous year. Using practice data, we calculated the change in appointments, telephone calls and staff cost. We also estimated the reduction in environmental costs and patient time. Results An average of 187 clinical appointments (of which 87 were with doctors and 45 with nurses) and 290 telephone calls were saved. If 30% of patients used RA at least twice a year, these figures suggest that a 10 000-patient practice would save 4747 appointments and 8020 telephone calls per year. Assuming a consultation rate of 5.3% annually, that equates to a release of about 11% of appointments per year, with significant resource savings for patients and the environment. Discussion This is the first such study in the UK. It shows similar results to a study in the USA. We discuss the study limitations, including the issue of patient recall, nature of the practices studied and nature of early adopter patients. Strengths include combining national data, practice data and local reflection. We are confident that the savings observed are the result of RA rather than other factors. We suggest that RA can be part of continuous practice improvement, given its benefits and the support it offers for patient confidence, self-care and shared decision-making. PMID:25949705

  7. Using Propensity to Succeed Modeling to Increase Utilization and Adherence in a Nurse HealthLine Telephone Triage Program.

    PubMed

    Navratil-Strawn, Jessica L; Hawkins, Kevin; Hartley, Stephen K; Wells, Timothy S; Ozminkowski, Ronald J; Migliori, Richard J; Yeh, Charlotte S

    2016-01-01

    Propensity to succeed modeling was used to identify characteristics associated with higher utilization of a telephone triage program and adherence to nurse recommendations among callers. Characteristics significantly associated with calling the telephone triage service and engaging in triage services were being female and having an elevated health risk score. Callers most likely to adhere to nurse recommendations were younger than 85 years of age, had called on a weekday, and had received a recommendation to seek care at an emergency department or a doctor's office visit. Additional analyses suggest the propensity to succeed modeling is stable and valid. PMID:27232680

  8. 5 CFR 1630.4 - Request for notification and access.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... account access section of the TSP Web site and the ThriftLine (the TSP's automated telephone system). The.... Telephone inquiries are subject to the verification procedures set forth in § 1630.7. A written inquiry from...-tone telephone and call the following number: (877) 968-3778. The following information is available...

  9. 5 CFR 1630.4 - Request for notification and access.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... account access section of the TSP Web site and the ThriftLine (the TSP's automated telephone system). The.... Telephone inquiries are subject to the verification procedures set forth in § 1630.7. A written inquiry from...-tone telephone and call the following number: (877) 968-3778. The following information is available...

  10. 5 CFR 1630.4 - Request for notification and access.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... account access section of the TSP Web site and the ThriftLine (the TSP's automated telephone system). The.... Telephone inquiries are subject to the verification procedures set forth in § 1630.7. A written inquiry from...-tone telephone and call the following number: (877) 968-3778. The following information is available...

  11. Simple Line Access Protocol Version 1.0

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Osuna, Pedro; Salgado, Jesus; Guainazzi, Matteo; Barbarisi, Isa; Dubernet, Marie-Lise; Tody, Doug; Osuna, Pedro; Salgado, Jesus

    2010-12-01

    The Simple Line Access Protocol (SLAP) is an IVOA Data Access protocol which defines a protocol for retrieving spectral lines coming from various Spectral Line Data Collections through a uniform interface within the VO framework. These lines can be either observed or theoretical and will be typically used to identify emission or absorption features in astronomical spectra. It makes use of the Simple Spectral Line Data Model (SSLDM [1]) to characterize spectral lines through the use of uTypes [14]. Physical quantities of units are described by using the standard Units DM [15]. SLAP services can be registered in an IVOA Registry of Resources using the VOResource [12] Extension standard, having a unique ResourceIdentifier [13] in the Registry. The SLAP interface is meant to be reasonably simple to implement by service providers. A basic query will be done in a wavelength range for the different services. The service returns a list of spectral lines formatted as a VOTable. Thus, an implementation of the service may support additional search parameters (some which may be custom to that particular service) to more finely control the selection of spectral lines. The specification also describes how the search on extra parameters has to be done, making use of the support provided by the Simple Spectral Line Data Model (SSLDM [1])

  12. Consent and widespread access to personal health information for the delivery of care: a large scale telephone survey of consumers' attitudes using vignettes in New Zealand

    PubMed Central

    Whiddett, Dick; Hunter, Inga; McDonald, Barry; Norris, Tony; Waldon, John

    2016-01-01

    Objectives In light of recent health policy, to examine factors which influence the public's willingness to consent to share their health information in a national electronic health record (EHR). Design Data were collected in a national telephone survey in 2008. Respondents were presented with vignettes that described situations in which their health information was shared and asked if they would consent to such sharing. The subset, consisting of the 18 vignettes that covered proving care, was reanalysed in depth using new statistical methods in 2016. Setting Adult population of New Zealand accessible by telephone landline. Participants 4209 adults aged 18+ years in the full data set, 2438 of which are included in the selected subset. Main outcome measures For each of 18 vignettes, we measured the percentage of respondents who would consent for their information to be shared for 2 groups; for those who did not consider that their records contained sensitive information, and for those who did or refused to say. Results Rates of consent ranged from 89% (95% CI 87% to 92%) for sharing of information with hospital doctors and nurses to 51% (47% to 55%) for government agencies. Mixed-effects logistic regression was used to identify factors which had significant impact on consent. The role of the recipient and the level of detail influenced respondents' willingness to consent (p<0.0001 for both factors). Of the individual characteristics, the biggest impact was that respondents whose records contain sensitive information (or who refused to answer) were less willing to consent (p<0.0001). Conclusions A proportion of the population are reluctant to share their health information beyond doctors, nurses and paramedics, particularly when records contain sensitive information. These findings may have adverse implications for healthcare strategies based on widespread sharing of information. Further research is needed to understand and overcome peoples' ambivalence towards

  13. Ethics and the Provision of Telephone Consultation Services by Psychologists.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nagy, Thomas F.

    With increasing frequency, psychological services are made available to the consumer via the telephone or computer/telephone link. Historically, information services by telephone have been offered consumers on a variety of subjects when psychopathology is minimal. Immediacy, accessibility, minimal psychological investment, telephone ubiquity,…

  14. The Telephone Company Agrees

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stokes, Rembert R.

    1975-01-01

    A representative of the American Telephone and Telegraph Company responds to a statement by the director of the National Institute for Rehabilitation Engineering on telephone communication systems for the hearing impaired. (GW)

  15. The Ontogenesis of Telephone Interaction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mininni, Giuseppe

    1985-01-01

    A longitudinal study of the acquisition of telephone skills among five preschool children analyzed play telephone interactions and real telephone conversations for similarities and changes in performance. (MSE)

  16. Total Telephone Tips.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Corder, Lloyd E.; And Others

    This manual of telephone behavior tips for business and sales professionals offers ways to handle the disgruntled caller and makes suggestions on topics relevant to the telephone. The manual is divided into the following sections and subsections: (1) Common Courtesy (staff tips, answering the telephone, screening calls, transferring calls, taking…

  17. 28 CFR 35.162 - Telephone emergency services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... IN STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT SERVICES Communications § 35.162 Telephone emergency services. Telephone emergency services, including 911 services, shall provide direct access to individuals who use TDD... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Telephone emergency services....

  18. 28 CFR 35.162 - Telephone emergency services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... IN STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT SERVICES Communications § 35.162 Telephone emergency services. Telephone emergency services, including 911 services, shall provide direct access to individuals who use TDD... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Telephone emergency services....

  19. 28 CFR 35.162 - Telephone emergency services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... IN STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT SERVICES Communications § 35.162 Telephone emergency services. Telephone emergency services, including 911 services, shall provide direct access to individuals who use TDD... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Telephone emergency services....

  20. 28 CFR 35.162 - Telephone emergency services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... IN STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT SERVICES Communications § 35.162 Telephone emergency services. Telephone emergency services, including 911 services, shall provide direct access to individuals who use TDD... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Telephone emergency services....

  1. 28 CFR 35.162 - Telephone emergency services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... IN STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT SERVICES Communications § 35.162 Telephone emergency services. Telephone emergency services, including 911 services, shall provide direct access to individuals who use TDD... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Telephone emergency services....

  2. 46 CFR 520.9 - Access to tariffs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... MARITIME COMMISSION REGULATIONS AFFECTING OCEAN SHIPPING IN FOREIGN COMMERCE CARRIER AUTOMATED TARIFFS... published tariffs, via a personal computer (“PC”), by: (1) Dial-up connection via public switched telephone... terminal emulation access; and (iii) Telephone line quality for data transmission. (2) The modem may...

  3. 46 CFR 520.9 - Access to tariffs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... MARITIME COMMISSION REGULATIONS AFFECTING OCEAN SHIPPING IN FOREIGN COMMERCE CARRIER AUTOMATED TARIFFS... published tariffs, via a personal computer (“PC”), by: (1) Dial-up connection via public switched telephone... terminal emulation access; and (iii) Telephone line quality for data transmission. (2) The modem may...

  4. 46 CFR 520.9 - Access to tariffs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... MARITIME COMMISSION REGULATIONS AFFECTING OCEAN SHIPPING IN FOREIGN COMMERCE CARRIER AUTOMATED TARIFFS... published tariffs, via a personal computer (“PC”), by: (1) Dial-up connection via public switched telephone... terminal emulation access; and (iii) Telephone line quality for data transmission. (2) The modem may...

  5. 46 CFR 520.9 - Access to tariffs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... MARITIME COMMISSION REGULATIONS AFFECTING OCEAN SHIPPING IN FOREIGN COMMERCE CARRIER AUTOMATED TARIFFS... published tariffs, via a personal computer (“PC”), by: (1) Dial-up connection via public switched telephone... terminal emulation access; and (iii) Telephone line quality for data transmission. (2) The modem may...

  6. Deaf Phone: Sign Language Telephone

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hsing, R.; Sosnowski, Thomas P.

    1985-12-01

    Using the technologies of image processing, spatial/temporal resolution reduction and picture coding, a terminal has been designed and constructed which allows the transmission of deaf sign language over low bandwidth telephone lines in real time. Using the hardware, six deaf subjects have evaluated this system. A series of psycho-physical experiments were conducted to determine the minimum image quality required to convey meaning in hand-sign language as used by the deaf.

  7. Measuring Telephone Apprehension.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Steele, Cam Monroe; Reinsch, N. L., Jr.

    An instrument for measuring telephone apprehension was developed to facilitate research into hypothesized relationships between communication apprehension and telephone apprehension. A set of 92 Likert-type items was adapted from previous communication apprehension scales and administered to 81 undergraduate students in a speech communication…

  8. Telephone Survey Designs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Casady, Robert J.

    The concepts, definitions, and notation that have evolved with the development of telephone survey design methodology are discussed and presented as a unified structure. This structure is then applied to some of the more well-known telephone survey designs and alternative designs are developed. The relative merits of the different survey designs…

  9. A European Network of Email and Telephone Help Lines Providing Information and Support on Rare Diseases: Results From a 1-Month Activity Survey

    PubMed Central

    Sanchez de Vega, Rosa; Brignol, Tuy Nga; Mazzucato, Monica; Polizzi, Agata

    2014-01-01

    Background Information on rare diseases are often complex to understand, or difficult to access and additional support is often necessary. Rare diseases helplines work together across Europe to respond to calls and emails from the public at large, including patients, health care professionals, families, and students. Measuring the activity of helplines can help decision makers to allocate adequate funds when deciding to create or expand an equivalent service. Objective Data presented are referred to a monthly user profile analysis, which is one of the activities that each helpline has to carry out to be part of the network. This survey aimed to explore the information requests and characteristics of users of rare diseases helplines in different European countries. Another aim was to analyze these data with respect to users’ characteristics, helpline characteristics, topics of the inquiries, and technologies used to provide information. With this survey, we measure data that are key for planning information services on rare diseases in the context of the development of national plans for rare diseases. Methods A survey was conducted based on all calls, emails, visits, or letters received from November 1 to 30, 2012 to monitor the activity represented by 12 helplines. Data were collected by a common standardized form, using ORPHA Codes for rare diseases, when applicable. No personal data identifying the inquirer were collected. It was a descriptive approach documenting on the number and purpose of inquiries, the number of respondents, the mode of contact, the category of the inquirer in relation to the patient, the inquirer’s gender, age and region of residence, the patient’s age when applicable, the type and duration of response, and the satisfaction as scored by the respondents. Results A total of 1676 calls, emails, or letters were received from November 1 to 30, 2012. Inquiries were mostly about specific diseases. An average of 23 minutes was spent for each

  10. Telephone Teaching and Testing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stevenson, Marjorie L.; Otto, Arleen C.

    1975-01-01

    The School of Home Economics at the University of Nevada--Reno designed a programed learning course in nutrition that could be studied at home with resources of programed materials, self-tests, and telephone conferences. (BP)

  11. Sirens and Telephone Alerts

    MedlinePlus

    ... by the Cass (ND) and Clay (MN) Emergency Planning Partnerships. Adapted with funding provided by Fargo Cass Public Health through the Cities Readiness Initiative (CRI) English – Sirens and Telephone Alerts - ...

  12. Bilingual Cancer Information: Access Is the First Line of Defense

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boudreault, Patrick; Palmer, Christina

    2015-01-01

    Information about cancer, the disease that kills more Americans than any other except heart disease, is essential. In some ways, information is our first line of defense. It allows us to identify individual risk factors, to note when a problem means we should see a professional, and to avoid activities that might put us at risk. However,…

  13. Taking the Epistemic Step: Toward a Model of On-Line Access to Conversational Implicatures

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Breheny, Richard; Ferguson, Heather J.; Katsos, Napoleon

    2013-01-01

    There is a growing body of evidence showing that conversational implicatures are rapidly accessed in incremental utterance interpretation. To date, studies showing incremental access have focussed on implicatures related to linguistic triggers, such as "some" and "or". We discuss three kinds of on-line model that can account for this data. A model…

  14. "An On-Line Access System for TRMM Data"

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Rui, Hualan

    1999-01-01

    The Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM), jointly sponsored by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) of United States and the National Space Development Agency (NASDA) of Japan, provides visible, infrared, and microwave observations of tropical and subtropical rain system. The satellite observations are complemented by ground radar and rain gauge measurements to validate satellite rain estimation techniques. TRMM satellite was launched on November 27, 1997(EST). Data from TRMM are being archived, processed, and disseminated by DAAC at the Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) of NASA. The Goddard DAAC has been archiving Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) data since the launch. The TRMM level 1 and level 2 products first have been released to public on June 15, 1998. Now, most of TRMM products, including some ground validation products are released to public. TRMM data are useful for forecast model research, disaster mitigation, climatological studies, agricultural predictions, and many other applications. An online system or user interface is designed for easy, friendly, and quick display, access, and ordering of the TRMM data. Components, features, and limitations of the system will be discussed and demonstrated. The TRMM standard products and variety of the subsets and ancillary data will be shown, and their availability will be discussed.

  15. Art-By-Telephone.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jesser, David L.; Clarke, Michael ael J.

    In an attempt to bring art instruction into small schools financially unable to support such a program, 11 high schools in 4 western states have been receiving simultaneous instruction in art from a central source with the aid of an amplified telephone and coordinated overhead transparencies. Before the onset of classes, the instructor visits each…

  16. Children's Experiences with Chat Support and Telephone Support

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fukkink, Ruben G.; Hermanns, Jo M. A.

    2009-01-01

    Background: In line with the wider trend of offering support via the Internet, many counseling and referral services for children have introduced online chat, often in addition to a traditional telephone service. Methods: A comparative study was conducted between the telephone service and the confidential one-on-one online chat service of the…

  17. Too Much Ado About Telephones

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Selwyn, Donald

    1975-01-01

    The director of the National Institute for Rehabilitation Engineering provides a favorable opinion of the American Telephone and Telegraph Company's plan to replace magnetic output receivers in telephones with an acoustic coupling device. (GW)

  18. Job Interviewing? Try the Telephone.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kegel, Paul L.

    1979-01-01

    Telephone interviews can save college and candidates time and money while precluding the judging of job candidates by extraneous factors. A format for a successful telephone interview is suggested. (Author/MLF)

  19. Campus Telephone Systems: Managing Change.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Association of College and University Business Officers, Washington, DC.

    Issues facing a college or university that seeks to change its telephone system are raised in seven chapters. Major topics addressed by this resource guide are: telephone deregulation and changes in the telephone industry, the new technology available, how to manage a system, consultants, financing options, and institutional case studies. Specific…

  20. Browsing for the Best Internet Access Provider?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weil, Marty

    1996-01-01

    Highlights points to consider when choosing an Internet Service Provider. Serial Line Internet Protocol (SLIP) and Point to Point Protocol (PPP) are compared regarding price, performance, bandwidth, speed, and technical support. Obtaining access via local, national, consumer online, and telephone-company providers is discussed. A pricing chart and…

  1. Accessing ERIC with Your Microcomputer. ERIC Digest.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Klausmeier, Jane A.

    This fact sheet offers basic instructions on connecting to the ERIC database for individuals who own or have access to a microcomputer and are familiar with ERIC and how to search it through a database terminal. Software, hardware, and telephone line components necesary to make a microcomputer act as a database terminal are outlined. The…

  2. 47 CFR 69.404 - Telephone operator services expenses in Account 6620.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 3 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Telephone operator services expenses in Account... CARRIER SERVICES (CONTINUED) ACCESS CHARGES Apportionment of Expenses § 69.404 Telephone operator services expenses in Account 6620. Telephone Operator Services expenses shall be apportioned among the...

  3. 47 CFR 69.404 - Telephone operator services expenses in Account 6620.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 3 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Telephone operator services expenses in Account... CARRIER SERVICES (CONTINUED) ACCESS CHARGES Apportionment of Expenses § 69.404 Telephone operator services expenses in Account 6620. Telephone Operator Services expenses shall be apportioned among the...

  4. 47 CFR 69.404 - Telephone operator services expenses in Account 6620.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Telephone operator services expenses in Account... CARRIER SERVICES (CONTINUED) ACCESS CHARGES Apportionment of Expenses § 69.404 Telephone operator services expenses in Account 6620. Telephone Operator Services expenses shall be apportioned among the...

  5. 47 CFR 69.404 - Telephone operator services expenses in Account 6620.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 3 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Telephone operator services expenses in Account... CARRIER SERVICES (CONTINUED) ACCESS CHARGES Apportionment of Expenses § 69.404 Telephone operator services expenses in Account 6620. Telephone Operator Services expenses shall be apportioned among the...

  6. 47 CFR 69.404 - Telephone operator services expenses in Account 6620.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 3 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Telephone operator services expenses in Account... CARRIER SERVICES (CONTINUED) ACCESS CHARGES Apportionment of Expenses § 69.404 Telephone operator services expenses in Account 6620. Telephone Operator Services expenses shall be apportioned among the...

  7. Access to the literature and connection to on-line data

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Eichhorn, Guenther; Accomazzi, Alberto; Grant, Carolyn S.; Kurtz, Michael J.; Thompson, Donna M.; Murray, Stephen S.

    2007-12-01

    The Astrophysics Data System (ADS) provides access to the astronomical literature through the World Wide Web. It is a NASA funded project and access to all the ADS services is free to everybody world-wide. It can be accessed without login through any web browser. The ADS Abstract Service allows the searching of three databases with abstracts in Astronomy (including Astrophysics, Planetary Sciences, and Solar Physics), Physics/Geosciences, and the arXiv E-prints from Cornell, with a total of over 5 million references. The system also provides access to reference and citation information, links to on-line data, electronic journal articles, and other on-line information. The ADS Article Service contains the full articles for most of the astronomical literature back to volume 1. It contains the scanned pages of all the major Astronomy journals (Astrophysical Journal, Astronomical Journal, Astronomy & Astrophysics, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, and Solar Physics), as well as most smaller journals back to volume 1. In order to improve access from different parts of the world, we have set up 12 mirror sites of the ADS in different countries in Europe, Asia, Australia and the Americas. The ADS is available at: http://ads.harvard.edu

  8. Telephone-Directory Program

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Vlahos, William

    2005-01-01

    eDirectory is a computer program that makes it possible to view entries in the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) telephone directory by use of PalmPilot(TradeMark) (or equivalent) personal digital assistants. When one uses eDirectory, a single click causes the downloading of a current copy of the directory (which is updated nightly) from a server. The downloaded directory data can be sorted and searched. The program can append a "JPL" category and save directory information in a file that can be imported into the Palm Desktop(TradeMark) software.

  9. Accessibility

    MedlinePlus

    ... www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/accessibility.html MedlinePlus Accessibility To use the sharing features on this page, ... Subscribe to RSS Follow us Disclaimers Copyright Privacy Accessibility Quality Guidelines Viewers & Players MedlinePlus Connect for EHRs ...

  10. Taking the epistemic step: toward a model of on-line access to conversational implicatures.

    PubMed

    Breheny, Richard; Ferguson, Heather J; Katsos, Napoleon

    2013-03-01

    There is a growing body of evidence showing that conversational implicatures are rapidly accessed in incremental utterance interpretation. To date, studies showing incremental access have focussed on implicatures related to linguistic triggers, such as 'some' and 'or'. We discuss three kinds of on-line model that can account for this data. A model built around the notion of linguistic alternatives stored in the lexicon would only account for linguistically triggered implicatures of the kind already studied and not so-called 'particularised' implicatures that are not associated with specific linguistic items. A second model built around the idea of focus alternatives could handle both linguistically triggered implicatures and so-called particularised implicatures but would be insensitive to the role that information about the speaker's mental state plays in deriving implicatures. A third more fully 'Gricean' model takes account of the speaker's mental state in accessing these implications. In this paper we present a visual world study using a new interactive paradigm where two communicators (one confederate) describe visually-presented events to each other as their eye movements are monitored. In this way, we directly compare the suitability of these three kinds of model. We show hearers can access contextually specific particularised implicatures in on-line comprehension. Moreover, we show that in doing so, hearers are sensitive to the relevant mental states of the speaker. We conclude with a discussion of how a more 'Gricean' model may be developed and of how our findings inform a long-standing debate on the immediacy of on-line perspective taking in language comprehension. PMID:23291422

  11. Outcomes of Telephone Medical Care

    PubMed Central

    Delichatsios, Helen; Callahan, Mark; Charlson, Mary

    1998-01-01

    OBJECTIVES To document the outcomes of a telephone coverage system and identify patient characteristics that may predict these outcomes. DESIGN Telephone survey. SETTING An academic outpatient medical practice that has a physician telephone coverage service. PATIENTS All patients (483) who called during the 3-week study period to speak to a physician were evaluated, and for the 180 patients with symptoms, attempts were made to survey them by telephone 1 week after their initial telephone call. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS The mean age of the 180 patients was 41 years, 71% were female, and 56% belonged to commercial managed care plans. In the week after the initial telephone call, the following outcomes were reported: 27% of the patients had no further contact with the practice; 9% filled a prescription medication; 19% called the practice again; 48% kept an earlier appointment in the practice; 3% saw an internist elsewhere; 8% saw a specialist; 8% went to an emergency department; 4% were admitted to a hospital. Of the 180 patients who called with symptoms, 160 (89%) were successfully contacted for survey. Eighty-seven percent of these 160 patients rated their satisfaction with the care they received over the telephone as excellent, very good, or good. In multivariate analysis, patients' own health perception identified those most likely to have symptom relief (p = .002), and symptom relief, in turn, was a strong predictor of high patient satisfaction (p = .006). Thirty-three percent of the 160 patients reported that they would have gone to an emergency department if a physician were not available by telephone. CONCLUSIONS In the present study, younger patients, female patients, and patients in commercial managed care plans used the telephone most frequently. Also, the telephone provided a viable alternative to emergency department and walk-in visits. Overall satisfaction with telephone medicine was high, and the strongest predictors of high patient satisfaction

  12. On-line scalable image access for medical remote collaborative meetings

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tarando, Sebastian R.; Lucidarme, Olivier; Grenier, Philippe; Fetita, Catalin

    2015-03-01

    The increasing need of remote medical investigation services in the framework of collaborative multidisciplinary meetings (e.g. cancer follow-up) raises the challenge of on-line remote access of (large amount of) radiologic data in a limited period of time. This paper proposes a scalable compression framework of DICOM images providing low-latency display through low speed networks. The developed approach relies on useless information removal from images (i.e. not related with the patient body) and the exploitation of the JPEG2000 standard to achieve progressive quality encoding and access of the data. This mechanism also allows the efficient exploitation of any idle times (corresponding to on-line visual image analysis) to download the remaining data at lossless quality in a way transparent to the user, thus minimizing the perceived latency. The experiments performed in comparison with exchanging uncompressed or JPEGlossless compressed DICOM data, showed the benefit of the proposed approach for collaborative on-line remote diagnosis and follow-up services.

  13. Telephone multiline signaling using common signal pair

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Goodloe, R. R.; Toole, P. C.; Belt, J. L.; Leininger, D. B. (Inventor)

    1979-01-01

    An operator can rapidly and automatically produce coded electrical signals by manipulating mechanical thumb wheel switches so as to instruct a service center to connect any number of telephone lines to the console thus enabling the operator to listen and/or talk over several lines simultaneously. The system includes an on-site console having several mechanically operated thumb wheel switches to which the desired lines to be connected can be dialed in. Electrical coded signals are fed to a number of banks of line AND gates representing units, tens and hundreds, a group of channel gates, and a command gate. These signals are gated out in a controlled manner to an encoder which generates tones that are transmitted over a single line to a communication service center.

  14. Telephone nursing: an emerging practice area.

    PubMed

    Goodwin, Sharon

    2007-01-01

    Governments across Canada and internationally are implementing nurse telephone advice services to their populations as a means to address healthcare access issues. This paper briefly reviews the international and Canadian history of telephone nursing services and outlines the research that has established the relative safety of these services to patients. The standards, competencies and decision systems that support safe tele-practice are reviewed. The paper focuses on the realities of this emerging nursing practice. A number of concerns related to the marriage of clinical practice and call centres are identified that require further dialogue, research and debate within the profession. The call centre environment can lead to a focus on efficiency measures, such as call length and quick turnaround to the next call, without evidence to ensure that these are safe or desirable standards. Quality of work life for staff in call centres is also raised as an issue that requires more research and dialogue. Other issues include cross-jurisdictional licensure, patient safety, privatization and the differing models of telephone nursing services that are being implemented in Canada. PMID:18303723

  15. A closed, digital telephone system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Monford, L. G., Jr.

    1973-01-01

    Digital system can accommodate sixteen or more telephone or data units and eight, simultaneous two-way conversations through only four interconnecting wires. It uses fewer circuit components, is not bulky or complex, and requires no central exchange control.

  16. Telephone Techniques for Secretarial Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anderson, Avis O.; McCabe, Helen

    1977-01-01

    A program integrating classroom study and internship placement at LaGuardia Community College was designed to provide secretarial students with expertise in telephone techniques. Specific lesson objectives and a field assignment are included as examples. (TA)

  17. Telephone Communication for the Deaf.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Glaser, Robert E.

    1982-01-01

    The article describes an alternative to the use of teletype or CRT terminals for phone communication by deaf persons. The Message Converter is explained to act via tones from standard touch tone telephones. (CL)

  18. On-Line Remote Catalog Access and Circulation Control System. Part I: Functional Specifications. Part II: User's Manual.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    International Business Machines Corp., Gaithersburg, MD. Data Processing Div.

    The Ohio State University Libraries On-line Remote Catalog Access and Circulation Control System (LCS) began on-line operations with the conversion of one department library in November 1970. By December all 26 libraries had been converted to the automated system and LCS was fully operational one month ahead of schedule. LCS is designed as a…

  19. A voice password system for access security

    SciTech Connect

    Birnbaum, M.; Cohen, L.A.; Welsh, F.X.

    1986-09-01

    A voice password system for access security using speaker verification technology has been designed for use over dial-up telephone lines. The voice password system (VPS) can provide secure access to telephone networks, computers, rooms, and buildings. It also has application in office automation systems, electric funds transfer, and ''smart cards'' (interactive computers embedded in credit-card-sized packages). As increasing attention is focused on access security in the public, private, and government sectors, the voice password system can provide a timely solution to the security dilemma. The VPS uses modes of communication available to almost everyone (the human voice and the telephone). A user calls the VPS, enters his or her identification number (ID) by touch-tone telephone, and then speaks a password. This is usually a phrase or a sentence of about seven syllables. On initial calls, the VPS creates a model of the user's voice, called a reference template, and labels it with the caller's unique user ID. To gain access later, the user calls the system, enters the proper user ID, and speaks the password phrase. The VPS compares the user's stored reference template with the spoken password and produces a distance score.

  20. A Passive EMI Filter Requiring Access to the Ungrounded Motor-Neutral Line

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Oe, Takehiko; Akagi, Hirofumi

    The authors have already proposed a passive EMI filter that does require access to the motor-neutral point. The EMI filter has been applied to an induction motor driven by a voltage-source PWM inverter with a three-phase diode rectifier used as the front end. Experimental results have shown that the EMI filter can mitigate leakage currents flowing out of the motor and the heat sink, as well as bearing currents circulating inside the motor. This paper deals with a passive EMI filter for preventing high-frequency leakage currents from flowing through the heat sink of a voltage-source PWM inverter together with a voltage-source PWM rectifier used as the front end. Both rectifier and inverter have the same carrier frequency as 14kHz. The tested motor equipped with the motor-neutral line is an interior permanent magnet synchronous motor (IPM-SM) rated at 190V, 5.5kW, 6 poles and 1,800rpm. This paper designs, constructs and tests two types of EMI filters. These filters consist mainly of two 10-mH identical common-mode inductors that are installed on the ac sides of the rectifier and the inverter, respectively. However, the two filters are slightly different in that one accesses to the dc-link mid-point, and the other does not access to it. Experimental waveforms verify that the former is superior to the latter in eliminating the high-frequency leakage currents from both the heat sink and the motor.

  1. A single optical fiber telephone system

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Feldman, N. W.

    1984-09-01

    A hybrid telephone system comprising a plurality of optical telephones and a plurality of electrical telephones all connected to a conventional central office is discussed. The optical telephones are all provided with opto-electrical interface units co-located with the central office, for converting optical signals received from the optical telephones to electrical telephone signals, and for converting electrical telephone signals from said central office to optical signals for transmission to the optical telephones. The optical telephones are connected to the interface units by means of a single optical fiber which carries both directions of traffic as well as supervisory signals at one of two wavelengths. The optical telephone include means for separating these two wavelengths as well as opto-acoustic and acousto-optic converters.

  2. Telephone Counselling with Adolescents and Countertransference Phenomena: Particularities and Challenges

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Christogiorgos, Stelios; Vassilopoulou, Vassiliki; Florou, Aliki; Xydou, Varvara; Douvou, Maria; Vgenopoulou, Sofia; Tsiantis, John

    2010-01-01

    Telephone counselling with adolescents is well known in many countries all over the world, due to its special characteristics, which seem to suit to adolescents. Some of these characteristics are the low cost, the easy access, the anonymity, as well as the possibility for the callers to have the control over the call regarding its duration as they…

  3. 47 CFR 64.501 - Recording of telephone conversations with telephone companies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Recording of telephone conversations with telephone companies. 64.501 Section 64.501 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED... Devices by Telephone Companies § 64.501 Recording of telephone conversations with telephone companies....

  4. Content recognition for telephone monitoring

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wenndt, Stanley J.; Harris, David M.; Cupples, Edward J.

    2001-02-01

    This research began due to federal inmates abusing their telephone privileges by committing serious offenses such as murder, drug dealing, and fraud. On average, about 1000 calls are made per day at each federal prison with a peak of over 4000. Current monitoring capabilities are very man- intensive and only allow for about 2-3% monitoring of inmate telephone conversations. One of the main deficiencies identified by prison officials is the need to flag phone conversations pertaining to criminal activity. This research looks at two unique voice-processing methods to detect phone conversion pertaining to criminal activity. These two methods are digit string detection and whisper detection.

  5. Electronic computers and telephone exchanges

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Flowers, T. H.

    1980-01-01

    A retrospective on the telephone, with emphasis on development of digital methods, is presented. Starting with its invention in 1876, major breakthroughs in transmission and switching circuitry are reviewed. The thermionic valve (1917), the Eccles-Jordan trigger circuit (1921), copper oxide rectifiers (1920's), and the gas-tube binary counter (1931) are highlighted. The evolution of logic design in telephone exchanges and the interaction this had with electronic computers is then traced up to the appearance of COLOSSUS, a specialized electronic computer used for cryptanalysis (1943).

  6. A Sandia telephone database system

    SciTech Connect

    Nelson, S.D.; Tolendino, L.F.

    1991-08-01

    Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, may soon have more responsibility for the operation of its own telephone system. The processes that constitute providing telephone service can all be improved through the use of a central data information system. We studied these processes, determined the requirements for a database system, then designed the first stages of a system that meets our needs for work order handling, trouble reporting, and ISDN hardware assignments. The design was based on an extensive set of applications that have been used for five years to manage the Sandia secure data network. The system utilizes an Ingres database management system and is programmed using the Application-By-Forms tools.

  7. Comparison of numeric keyboard and CRT line-labeled buttons for information access. [in computerized, area navigation system for aircraft

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Williams, D.

    1976-01-01

    Test were conducted to determine whether differences in speed and accuracy are experienced when using either line-labeled index buttons or a numeric keyboard for page selection in airborne CRT-display area navigation systems. The experiment was conducted with six airline pilots, each flying the same two simulated RNAV routes. Three pilot subjects used line-labeled buttons adjacent to the CRT screen, while three used a numeric keyboard for page access. The hypothesis of no differences in response times between the two modes of access could not be rejected.

  8. 47 CFR 36.212 - Basic local services revenue-Account 5000 (Class B telephone companies); Basic area revenue...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... companies); Basic area revenue—Account 5001 (Class A telephone companies). (a) Local private line revenues from broadcast program transmission audio services and broadcast program transmission video...

  9. Solar energetic particle access to distant longitudes through turbulent field-line meandering

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Laitinen, T.; Kopp, A.; Effenberger, F.; Dalla, S.; Marsh, M. S.

    2016-06-01

    Context. Current solar energetic particle (SEP) propagation models describe the effects of interplanetary plasma turbulence on SEPs as diffusion, using a Fokker-Planck (FP) equation. However, FP models cannot explain the observed fast access of SEPs across the average magnetic field to regions that are widely separated in longitude within the heliosphere without using unrealistically strong cross-field diffusion. Aims: We study whether the recently suggested early non-diffusive phase of SEP propagation can explain the wide SEP events with realistic particle transport parameters. Methods: We used a novel model that accounts for the SEP propagation along field lines that meander as a result of plasma turbulence. Such a non-diffusive propagation mode has been shown to dominate the SEP cross-field propagation early in the SEP event history. We compare the new model to the traditional approach, and to SEP observations. Results: Using the new model, we reproduce the observed longitudinal extent of SEP peak fluxes that are characterised by a Gaussian profile with σ = 30-50°, while current diffusion theory can only explain extents of 11° with realistic diffusion coefficients. Our model also reproduces the timing of SEP arrival at distant longitudes, which cannot be explained using the diffusion model. Conclusions: The early onset of SEPs over a wide range of longitudes can be understood as a result of the effects of magnetic field-line random walk in the interplanetary medium and requires an SEP transport model that properly describes the non-diffusive early phase of SEP cross-field propagation.

  10. A Passive EMI Filter with Access to the Ungrounded Motor Neutral Line

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tamura, Shunsuke; Akagi, Hirofumi

    This paper describes an effect of a passive EMI filter on preventing bearing current from flowing inside an inverter-driven motor. Motor-bearing damages are often caused by bearing currents resulting from breakdown of grease films in the motor bearing. The high-frequency common-mode voltage generated by the PWM inverter induces a shaft voltage between the rotor and the frame. When the shaft voltage exceeds a breakdown voltage of the grease films, a destructive instantaneous discharge current with a peak value of about 1A flows through the motor bearing. The passive EMI filter, that is unique in access to the motor neutral line, can reduce the shaft voltage as a result of eliminating the high-frequency common-mode voltage from the motor terminals. Hence, no breakdown occurs in the grease film, so that no bearing current flows. The viability and effectiveness of the passive EMI filter is verified by experimental results obtained from a 400-V, 3.7-kW laboratory system.

  11. The $19.95 Solution to Large Group Telephone Interviews with Special Speakers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Robinson, George H.

    1998-01-01

    Describes an inexpensive solution for holding large-group telephone interviews, listing the equipment needed (record control, telephone, phone line with modular jack, portable amplifier with microphone-level input jack, audio cable with jack and plug compatible with the microphone input jack on the amplifier) and providing directions for setup.…

  12. A Staffing Model for Telephone Reference Operations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sampson, Gary S.

    1978-01-01

    A model is provided for staffing telephone reference operations which allow for the balancing of staffing requirements and reference delivery standards. Telephone service is assumed, but it should be equally applicable to any reference queuing situation. (Author)

  13. Telephone Interviewing Practices within Academic Libraries

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Engel, Debra; Robbins, Sarah

    2009-01-01

    This study explores the use of telephone interviews within academic libraries by surveying the 112 academic institutional members of the Association of Research Libraries to identify how telephone interviews are utilized. By comparing the literature to the research results, the authors conclude with best practices for telephone interviews.…

  14. DETECTOR FOR TELEPHONE SURREPTITIOUS LISTENING TECHNIQUES

    DOEpatents

    Hightower, E.D.

    1959-02-24

    An apparatus is described for attaching to a telephone to detect any attempt to wire-tap using the telephone microphone as a source of voice modulation. The approach taken is to continuously monitor the voltage across the microphone only when the telephone disconnect switch is actuated. If a voltage is detected, a device is operated to give a warning.

  15. 33 CFR 20.707 - Telephonic testimony.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Hearings § 20.707 Telephonic testimony. (a) The ALJ may order the taking of the testimony of a witness by telephonic conference call. A person presenting evidence may by motion ask for the taking of testimony by... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Telephonic testimony....

  16. Improving the Quality of Telephone Reference Service.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Quinn, Brian

    1995-01-01

    Discusses telephone reference services in libraries. Topics include characteristics of quality phone reference; policies and guidelines for quality service; a survey of pertinent literature evaluating telephone reference; training; and technology for telephone reference, including cellular and cordless phones, electronic resources, and automated…

  17. Genetic counselor opinions of, and experiences with telephone communication of BRCA1/2 test results

    PubMed Central

    Bradbury, Angela R.; Patrick-Miller, Linda; Fetzer, Dominique; Cummings, Shelly A.; Forman, Andrea; Bealin, Lisa; Peterson, Candace; Corbman, Melanie; O’Connell, Janice; Daly, Mary B.

    2010-01-01

    Purpose BRCA1/2 test disclosure has, historically, been conducted in-person by genetics professionals. Given increasing demand for, and access to, genetic testing, interest in telephone and Internet genetic services, including disclosure of test results, has increased. Methods Semi-structured interviews with genetic counselors were conducted to determine interest in, and experiences with telephone disclosure of BRCA1/2 test results. Descriptive data are summarized with response proportions. Results 194 genetic counselors completed self-administered surveys via the web. Although 98% had provided BRCA1/2 results by telephone, 77% had never provided pre-test counseling by telephone. Genetic counselors reported perceived advantages and disadvantages to telephone disclosure. Thirty-two percent of participants described experiences that made them question this practice. Genetic counselors more frequently reported discomfort with telephone disclosure of a positive result or variant of uncertain significance (p<0.01) than other results. Overall, 73% of participants reported interest in telephone disclosure. Conclusion Many genetic counselors have provided telephone disclosure, however, most, infrequently. Genetic counselors identify potential advantages and disadvantages to telephone disclosure, and recognize the potential for testing and patient factors to impact patient outcomes. Further research evaluating the impact of testing and patient factors on cognitive, affective, social and behavioral outcomes of alternative models of communicating genetic information is warranted. PMID:21039431

  18. The NASA Astrophysics Data System: Free Access to the Astronomical Literature On-line and through Email

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Eichhorn, Guenther; Accomazzi, Alberto; Grant, Carolyn S.; Kurtz, Michael J.; Murray, Stephen S.

    2002-10-01

    The Astrophysics Data System (ADS) provides access to the astronomical literature through the World Wide Web. It is a NASA funded project and access to all the ADS services is free to everybody world-wide. The ADS Abstract Service allows the searching of four databases with abstracts in Astronomy, Instrumentation, Physics/Geophysics, and the LANL Preprints with a total of over 2.2 million references. The system also provides access to reference and citation information, links to on-line data, electronic journal articles, and other on-line information. The ADS Article Service contains the full articles for most of the astronomical literature back to volume 1. It contains the scanned pages of all the major journals (Astrophysical Journal, Astronomical Journal, Astronomy & Astrophysics, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, and Solar Physics), as well as most smaller journals back to volume 1. The ADS can be accessed through any web browser without signup or login. Alternatively an email interface is available that allows our users to execute queries via email and to retrieve scanned articles via email. This might be interesting for users on slow or unreliable links, since the email system will retry sending information automatically until the transfer is complete. There are now 9 mirror sites of the ADS available in different parts of the world to improve access. The ADS is available at: http://ads.harvard.edu

  19. Recruitment using mobile telephones in an Irish general population sexual health survey: challenges and practical solutions

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Background Non-coverage of households without a landline telephone is a major concern of telephone survey researchers. Sampling mobile telephone users in national surveys is vital in order to gain access to the growing proportion of households that use mobile telephones extensively or exclusively. The complex logistics of conducting surveys with mobile telephones have been discussed in the literature. This paper outlines the actual challenges encountered during a recent national sexual health survey in Ireland, which utilized a mobile telephone sampling frame to recruit approximately half of the sample. Method The 2010 Irish Contraception and Crisis Pregnancy Survey (ICCP-2010) is a nationally representative sample of adults aged 18-45 years living in Ireland (n = 3002; 1416 recruited by landline telephone and 1586 recruited by mobile telephone). The overall response rate for the survey was 69% (79% for the landline telephone strand; 61% for the mobile telephone strand). All interviews were conducted using computer-assisting telephone interviewing. Results During the 18-week fieldwork period, five main challenges relating to the use of mobile telephones were encountered: (1) explaining to respondents how random digit dialling works in relation to mobile telephones; (2) establishing the respondent's eligibility; (3) calling the respondent with the Caller ID blocked or withheld; (4) calling the respondent when they are in any number of locations or situations; and (5) explaining to respondents the importance of refusal conversion calls for the response rate calculation. Details of how the survey protocols and procedures were monitored and adapted throughout the study to ensure a high response rate are outlined. Conclusion It is undeniably more challenging to recruit respondents using mobile telephones as opposed to landline telephones. Respondents are generally not familiar with being contacted on their personal mobile telephone for the purposes of being recruited

  20. Heterodyne detection using spectral line pairing for spectral phase encoding optical code division multiple access and dynamic dispersion compensation.

    PubMed

    Yang, Yi; Foster, Mark; Khurgin, Jacob B; Cooper, A Brinton

    2012-07-30

    A novel coherent optical code-division multiple access (OCDMA) scheme is proposed that uses spectral line pairing to generate signals suitable for heterodyne decoding. Both signal and local reference are transmitted via a single optical fiber and a simple balanced receiver performs sourceless heterodyne detection, canceling speckle noise and multiple-access interference (MAI). To validate the idea, a 16 user fully loaded phase encoded system is simulated. Effects of fiber dispersion on system performance are studied as well. Both second and third order dispersion management is achieved by using a spectral phase encoder to adjust phase shifts of spectral components at the optical network unit (ONU). PMID:23038313

  1. Preventing Communication Errors in Telephone Medicine

    PubMed Central

    Reisman, Anna B; Brown, Karen E

    2005-01-01

    Errors in telephone communication can result in outcomes ranging from inconvenience and anxiety to serious compromises in patient safety. Although 25% of interactions between physicians and patients take place on the telephone, little has been written about telephone communication and medical mishaps. Similarly, training in telephone medicine skills is limited; only 6% of residency programs teach any aspect of telephone medicine. Increasing familiarity with common telephone challenges with patients may help physicians decrease the likelihood of negative outcomes. We use case vignettes to highlight communication errors in common telephone scenarios. These scenarios include giving sensitive test results, requests for narcotics, managing ill patients who are not sick enough for the emergency room, dealing with late-night calls, communicating with unintelligible patients, and handling calls from family members. We provide management strategies to minimize the occurrence of these errors. PMID:16191150

  2. Why Doing Nothing With Your Telephone System Will Be Expensive.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Toner, Michael A.

    1986-01-01

    Telephone system acquisition by institutions of higher education is discussed. Some important areas of investigation are described and more comprehensive explorations of telephone systems are encouraged. Management of telephone systems and changing the telephone system are discussed. (Author/MLW)

  3. NNDC (National Nuclear Data Center) on-line services documentation

    SciTech Connect

    Dunford, C.L.; Burrows, T.W.; Tuli, J.K.

    1987-03-31

    This document summarizes and describes how to access the on-line services available from the National Nuclear Data Center (NNDC) located at Brookhaven National Laboratory. The services are available free of cost to US Department of Energy, its contractors and others who support the NNDC or supply data to the NNDC. Four of the center's data bases are now accessible to non-NNDC scientists via remote connection to the center's VAX 11/780. To use this service, you must have a terminal with access by either a telephone line or the PHYSNET network. A VT100 terminal or a terminal with VT-100 emulation is recommended but not required.

  4. DMSP SSJ4 Data Restoration, Classification, and On-Line Data Access

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wing, Simon; Bredekamp, Joseph H. (Technical Monitor)

    2000-01-01

    Compress and clean raw data file for permanent storage We have identified various error conditions/types and developed algorithms to get rid of these errors/noises, including the more complicated noise in the newer data sets. (status = 100% complete). Internet access of compacted raw data. It is now possible to access the raw data via our web site, http://www.jhuapl.edu/Aurora/index.html. The software to read and plot the compacted raw data is also available from the same web site. The users can now download the raw data, read, plot, or manipulate the data as they wish on their own computer. The users are able to access the cleaned data sets. Internet access of the color spectrograms. This task has also been completed. It is now possible to access the spectrograms from the web site mentioned above. Improve the particle precipitation region classification. The algorithm for doing this task has been developed and implemented. As a result, the accuracies improved. Now the web site routinely distributes the results of applying the new algorithm to the cleaned data set. Mark the classification region on the spectrograms. The software to mark the classification region in the spectrograms has been completed. This is also available from our web site.

  5. For whom bell toils: medical imaging by telephone.

    PubMed

    Kuhfeld, A W

    1991-01-01

    The use of the induction balance, which was invented by Alexander Graham Bell to cancel out line interference on his telephone, to determine the location of bullets inside the human body is discussed. Experiments conducted to locate a bullet in the body of US President Garfield, who had been shot by an assassin in 1881, are described. The trials on Garfield were unsuccessful, but the approach was later perfected by Bell. PMID:18238364

  6. Mandarin recognition over the telephone

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kao, Yuhung

    1996-06-01

    Mandarin Chinese is the official language in China and Taiwan, it is the native language of a quarter of the world population. As the services enabled by speech recognition technology (e.g. telephone voice dialing, information query) become more popular in English, we would like to extend this capability to other languages. Mandarin is one of the major languages under research in our laboratory. This paper describes how we extend our work in English speech recognition into Mandarin. We will described the corpus: Voice Across Taiwan, the training of a complete set of Mandarin syllable models, preliminary performance results and error analysis. A fast prototyping system was built, where a user can write any context free grammar with no restriction of vocabulary, then the grammar can be compiled into recognition models. It enables user to quickly test the performance of a new vocabulary.

  7. Optical Access Networks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zheng, Jun; Ansari, Nirwan

    2005-05-01

    Call for Papers: Optical Access Networks With the wide deployment of fiber-optic technology over the past two decades, we have witnessed a tremendous growth of bandwidth capacity in the backbone networks of today's telecommunications infrastructure. However, access networks, which cover the "last-mile" areas and serve numerous residential and small business users, have not been scaled up commensurately. The local subscriber lines for telephone and cable television are still using twisted pairs and coaxial cables. Most residential connections to the Internet are still through dial-up modems operating at a low speed on twisted pairs. As the demand for access bandwidth increases with emerging high-bandwidth applications, such as distance learning, high-definition television (HDTV), and video on demand (VoD), the last-mile access networks have become a bandwidth bottleneck in today's telecommunications infrastructure. To ease this bottleneck, it is imperative to provide sufficient bandwidth capacity in the access networks to open the bottleneck and thus present more opportunities for the provisioning of multiservices. Optical access solutions promise huge bandwidth to service providers and low-cost high-bandwidth services to end users and are therefore widely considered the technology of choice for next-generation access networks. To realize the vision of optical access networks, however, many key issues still need to be addressed, such as network architectures, signaling protocols, and implementation standards. The major challenges lie in the fact that an optical solution must be not only robust, scalable, and flexible, but also implemented at a low cost comparable to that of existing access solutions in order to increase the economic viability of many potential high-bandwidth applications. In recent years, optical access networks have been receiving tremendous attention from both academia and industry. A large number of research activities have been carried out or

  8. Optical Access Networks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zheng, Jun; Ansari, Nirwan; Jersey Inst Ansari, New; Jersey Inst, New

    2005-04-01

    Call for Papers: Optical Access Networks With the wide deployment of fiber-optic technology over the past two decades, we have witnessed a tremendous growth of bandwidth capacity in the backbone networks of today's telecommunications infrastructure. However, access networks, which cover the "last-mile" areas and serve numerous residential and small business users, have not been scaled up commensurately. The local subscriber lines for telephone and cable television are still using twisted pairs and coaxial cables. Most residential connections to the Internet are still through dial-up modems operating at a low speed on twisted pairs. As the demand for access bandwidth increases with emerging high-bandwidth applications, such as distance learning, high-definition television (HDTV), and video on demand (VoD), the last-mile access networks have become a bandwidth bottleneck in today's telecommunications infrastructure. To ease this bottleneck, it is imperative to provide sufficient bandwidth capacity in the access networks to open the bottleneck and thus present more opportunities for the provisioning of multiservices. Optical access solutions promise huge bandwidth to service providers and low-cost high-bandwidth services to end users and are therefore widely considered the technology of choice for next-generation access networks. To realize the vision of optical access networks, however, many key issues still need to be addressed, such as network architectures, signaling protocols, and implementation standards. The major challenges lie in the fact that an optical solution must be not only robust, scalable, and flexible, but also implemented at a low cost comparable to that of existing access solutions in order to increase the economic viability of many potential high-bandwidth applications. In recent years, optical access networks have been receiving tremendous attention from both academia and industry. A large number of research activities have been carried out or

  9. Optical Access Networks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zheng, Jun; Ansari, Nirwan

    2005-06-01

    Call for Papers: Optical Access Networks With the wide deployment of fiber-optic technology over the past two decades, we have witnessed a tremendous growth of bandwidth capacity in the backbone networks of today's telecommunications infrastructure. However, access networks, which cover the "last-mile" areas and serve numerous residential and small business users, have not been scaled up commensurately. The local subscriber lines for telephone and cable television are still using twisted pairs and coaxial cables. Most residential connections to the Internet are still through dial-up modems operating at a low speed on twisted pairs. As the demand for access bandwidth increases with emerging high-bandwidth applications, such as distance learning, high-definition television (HDTV), and video on demand (VoD), the last-mile access networks have become a bandwidth bottleneck in today's telecommunications infrastructure. To ease this bottleneck, it is imperative to provide sufficient bandwidth capacity in the access networks to open the bottleneck and thus present more opportunities for the provisioning of multiservices. Optical access solutions promise huge bandwidth to service providers and low-cost high-bandwidth services to end users and are therefore widely considered the technology of choice for next-generation access networks. To realize the vision of optical access networks, however, many key issues still need to be addressed, such as network architectures, signaling protocols, and implementation standards. The major challenges lie in the fact that an optical solution must be not only robust, scalable, and flexible, but also implemented at a low cost comparable to that of existing access solutions in order to increase the economic viability of many potential high-bandwidth applications. In recent years, optical access networks have been receiving tremendous attention from both academia and industry. A large number of research activities have been carried out or

  10. The Health Service Use of Frequent Users of Telephone Helplines in a Cohort of General Practice Attendees with Depressive Symptoms.

    PubMed

    Middleton, Aves; Pirkis, Jane; Chondros, Patty; Bassilios, Bridget; Gunn, Jane

    2016-09-01

    We examined the relationship between frequent use of telephone helplines and health service use over time in a cohort of 789 general practice attendees with depressive symptoms. Telephone helpline use (no use, non-frequent use, frequent use) was measured at 3, 6, 9 and 12 months and analysed using ordered logistic regression. Sixteen participants (2 %) reported frequent use of telephone helplines. Reporting frequent use was associated with visiting multiple general practitioners, using emergency services and visiting mental health specialists in the previous 3 months. Despite this pattern of service use, there was evidence that these services were not meeting the needs of frequent users of telephone helplines, as they were also more likely to report dissatisfaction with their access to health services compared to non-frequent and non-users of telephone helplines. Our findings suggest that a model of care which addresses the complex needs of frequent users of telephone helplines is needed. PMID:26370273

  11. Telephone Gambits. A Module for Teaching Telephone English to Second Language Learners.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fox, James; And Others

    This module contains a number of explanations and activities on appropriate phrases and intonation for telephone communication. The parts of the module cover the following: (1) telephone vocabulary, (2) parts of the telephone, (3) standard phrases used in all calls, (4) activities that occur in business calls, (5) speech communication problems…

  12. The Internet as a Telephone Network.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    DeMillo, Richard A.

    1998-01-01

    Some Internet technologists predict that Internet telephony will topple the Public Switched Telephone Network (PSTN) and become the next telephone network. This article examines Internet telephony (real-time and non-real-time communications); its potential for integrating wireline, wireless, and Internet network services; and factors determining…

  13. 47 CFR 15.214 - Cordless telephones.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Cordless telephones. 15.214 Section 15.214 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION GENERAL RADIO FREQUENCY DEVICES Intentional Radiators § 15.214 Cordless telephones. (a) For equipment authorization, a single application form, FCC Form 731, may be...

  14. 47 CFR 15.214 - Cordless telephones.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Cordless telephones. 15.214 Section 15.214 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION GENERAL RADIO FREQUENCY DEVICES Intentional Radiators § 15.214 Cordless telephones. (a) For equipment authorization, a single application form, FCC Form 731, may be...

  15. 47 CFR 15.214 - Cordless telephones.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Cordless telephones. 15.214 Section 15.214 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION GENERAL RADIO FREQUENCY DEVICES Intentional Radiators § 15.214 Cordless telephones. (a) For equipment authorization, a single application form, FCC Form 731, may be...

  16. 47 CFR 15.214 - Cordless telephones.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Cordless telephones. 15.214 Section 15.214 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION GENERAL RADIO FREQUENCY DEVICES Intentional Radiators § 15.214 Cordless telephones. (a) For equipment authorization, a single application form, FCC Form 731, may be...

  17. 47 CFR 15.214 - Cordless telephones.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Cordless telephones. 15.214 Section 15.214 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION GENERAL RADIO FREQUENCY DEVICES Intentional Radiators § 15.214 Cordless telephones. (a) For equipment authorization, a single application form, FCC Form 731, may be...

  18. Localization of troubles in telephone cable networks

    SciTech Connect

    Chuxin Chen; Hollidge, T.L.; Sharma, D.D.

    1996-12-31

    This paper describes an intelligent system which detects the location of troubles in a local telephone cable network. Such a task is very challenging, tedious, and requires human experts with years of experience and high analytical skills. Our system captures the expertise and knowledge required for this task, along with automated access to database systems, so that the system can help a human analyst to pin-point network trouble location more efficiently and accurately, ultimately reducing the cost of maintenance and repair. The system utilizes probabilistic reasoning techniques and logical operators to determine which plant component has the highest failure probability. This is achieved by building a topology of the local cable network, constructing a causal net which contains belief of failure for each plant component, given their current status, history data, cable pair distribution, and connectivity to other components. The Trouble Localization (TL) Module described in this paper is a crucial part of a larger system: Outside Plant Analysis System (OPAS) which has been deployed Statewide for over nine months at Pacific Bell PMAC centers. The TL system module utilizes AI and Object-Oriented technology. It is implemented in C++ on Unix workstations, and its graphical user interface is in an X Window environment.

  19. Telephone speech enhancement for hearing-impaired listeners using multi-channel compression

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Natarajan, Harikrishna P.; Krishnamurthy, Ashok K.; Feth, Lawrence L.

    2002-05-01

    Elderly listeners with sensorineural hearing impairment usually have difficulty with telephone communication if they do not use a hearing aid or telephone amplifier. In many cases, these devices may not be readily available or maybe uncomfortable to use. We describe here an alternative strategy to enhance the speech by pre-processing the signal before sending it over the telephone line. The pre-processing is based on a multi-channel compression algorithm that modifies the critical band spectrum of the speech signal to bring it within the dynamic hearing range of the listener, while also compensating for the effects of the telephone line. We describe the algorithm and the results of a simulation study in which the Articulation Index (AI) is used to measure the intelligibility enhancement, and the Glasberg, Moore and Stone (1999) model is used to simulate the effects of the hearing loss.

  20. 26 CFR 49.4252-1 - General telephone service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... EXCISE TAXES FACILITIES AND SERVICES EXCISE TAXES Communications § 49.4252-1 General telephone service. (a) In general. The term “general telephone service” means any telephone or radio telephone service... 26 Internal Revenue 16 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false General telephone service. 49.4252-1 Section...

  1. 26 CFR 49.4252-1 - General telephone service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... EXCISE TAXES FACILITIES AND SERVICES EXCISE TAXES Communications § 49.4252-1 General telephone service. (a) In general. The term “general telephone service” means any telephone or radio telephone service... 26 Internal Revenue 16 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false General telephone service. 49.4252-1 Section...

  2. 26 CFR 49.4252-1 - General telephone service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... EXCISE TAXES FACILITIES AND SERVICES EXCISE TAXES Communications § 49.4252-1 General telephone service. (a) In general. The term “general telephone service” means any telephone or radio telephone service... 26 Internal Revenue 16 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false General telephone service. 49.4252-1 Section...

  3. An integrated web environment for fast access and easy management of a synchrotron beam line

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Qian, Kun; Stojanoff, Vivian

    2007-11-01

    Tired of all the time spent on the phone or sending emails to schedule beam time? Why not make your own schedule when it is convenient to you? The integrated web environment at the NIGMS East Coast Structural Biology Research Facility allows users to schedule their own beam time as if they were making travel arrangements and provides staff with a set of toolkits for management of routine tasks. These unique features are accessible through the MediaWiki-powered home pages. Here we describe the main features of this web environment that have shown to allow for an efficient and effective interaction between the users and the facility.

  4. Optical Access Networks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zheng, Jun; Ansari, Nirwan

    2005-03-01

    Call for Papers: Optical Access Networks With the wide deployment of fiber-optic technology over the past two decades, we have witnessed a tremendous growth of bandwidth capacity in the backbone networks of today's telecommunications infrastructure. However, access networks, which cover the "last-mile" areas and serve numerous residential and small business users, have not been scaled up commensurately. The local subscriber lines for telephone and cable television are still using twisted pairs and coaxial cables. Most residential connections to the Internet are still through dial-up modems operating at a low speed on twisted pairs. As the demand for access bandwidth increases with emerging high-bandwidth applications, such as distance learning, high-definition television (HDTV), and video on demand (VoD), the last-mile access networks have become a bandwidth bottleneck in today's telecommunications infrastructure. To ease this bottleneck, it is imperative to provide sufficient bandwidth capacity in the access networks to open the bottleneck and thus present more opportunities for the provisioning of multiservices. Optical access solutions promise huge bandwidth to service providers and low-cost high-bandwidth services to end users and are therefore widely considered the technology of choice for next-generation access networks. To realize the vision of optical access networks, however, many key issues still need to be addressed, such as network architectures, signaling protocols, and implementation standards. The major challenges lie in the fact that an optical solution must be not only robust, scalable, and flexible, but also implemented at a low cost comparable to that of existing access solutions in order to increase the economic viability of many potential high-bandwidth applications. In recent years, optical access networks have been receiving tremendous attention from both academia and industry. A large number of research activities have been carried out or

  5. Telephone review after minor oral surgery.

    PubMed

    Wells, J P; Roked, Z; Moore, S C; Sivarajasingam, V

    2016-06-01

    An audit of outpatient clinic attendances at Cardiff Dental Hospital (between September 2009 and March 2010) showed that 30% of patients failed to attend review appointments after minor operations. To reduce rates of non-attendance we set up a system of telephone review in March 2010. Patients were given a telephone appointment two weeks after their minor operation (mainly removal of lower third molars), instead of an appointment at the outpatient clinic. A trained nurse contacted each patient to complete a structured questionnaire that included questions about numbness, pain, and swelling. During the first year of the project, 1020 patients were booked for telephone review and of these 90% were discharged. 674 (66%) were discharged after telephone review, and 245 (24%) were not contactable. A total of 101 patients (10%) were brought in for clinic review because they reported complications. Estimated staff costs per patient for telephone review and clinic review were £3.05 and £23.55 respectively. Telephone review resulted in a significant reduction in the number of patients who failed to attend the clinic (OR=0.88, 95% CI 0.81 to 0.96) and facilitated audit of complications. The use of telephone review in conjunction with clinical follow-up for those with postoperative problems allows for cost-effective care with reduced rates of non-attendance. PMID:26975574

  6. Cellular telephones and non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

    PubMed

    Linet, Martha S; Taggart, Theresa; Severson, Richard K; Cerhan, James R; Cozen, Wendy; Hartge, Patricia; Colt, Joanne

    2006-11-15

    Dramatic increase in hand-held cellular telephone use since the 1980s and excess risk of lymphoproliferative malignancies associated with radio-frequency radiation (RFR) exposures in epidemiological and experimental studies motivated assessment of cellular telephones within a comprehensive US case-control investigation of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL). A questionnaire ascertained cellular telephone use in 551 NHL cases and 462 frequency-matched population controls. Compared to persons who had never used cellular telephones, risks were not increased among individuals whose lifetime use was fewer than 10 (odds ratio (OR) = 0.9, 95% confidence intervals (CI): 0.6, 1.3), 10-100 (OR = 1.0, 95 % CI: 0.7, 1.5) or more than 100 times (e.g., regular users, OR = 0.9, 95% CI: 0.6, 1.4). Among regular users compared to those who had never used hand-held cellular telephones, risks of NHL were not significantly associated with minutes per week, duration, cumulative lifetime or year of first use, although NHL was non-significantly higher in men who used cellular telephones for more than 8 years. Little evidence linked use of cellular telephones with total, diffuse large B-cell lymphoma or follicular NHL. These findings must be interpreted in the context of less than 5% of the population reporting duration of use of 6 or more years or lifetime cumulative use of 200 or more hours. PMID:16894556

  7. 47 CFR 32.6351 - Public telephone terminal equipment expense.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Public telephone terminal equipment expense. 32....6351 Public telephone terminal equipment expense. This account shall include expenses associated with public telephone terminal equipment....

  8. Assisting the visually impaired to deal with telephone interview jobs using information and commutation technology.

    PubMed

    Yeh, Fung-Huei; Yang, Chung-Chieh

    2014-12-01

    This study proposed a new information and commutation technology assisted blind telephone interview (ICT-ABTI) system to help visually impaired people to do telephone interview jobs as normal sighted people and create more diverse employment opportunities for them. The study also used an ABAB design to assess the system with seven visually impaired people. As the results, they can accomplish 3070 effective telephone interviews per month independently. The results also show that working performance of the visually impaired can be improved effectively with appropriate design of operation working flow and accessible software. The visually impaired become productive, lucrative, and self-sufficient by using ICT-ABTI system to do telephone interview jobs. The results were also shared through the APEC Digital Opportunity Center platform to help visually impaired in Philippines, Malaysia and China. PMID:25209925

  9. Evaluating the privacy properties of telephone metadata

    PubMed Central

    Mayer, Jonathan; Mutchler, Patrick; Mitchell, John C.

    2016-01-01

    Since 2013, a stream of disclosures has prompted reconsideration of surveillance law and policy. One of the most controversial principles, both in the United States and abroad, is that communications metadata receives substantially less protection than communications content. Several nations currently collect telephone metadata in bulk, including on their own citizens. In this paper, we attempt to shed light on the privacy properties of telephone metadata. Using a crowdsourcing methodology, we demonstrate that telephone metadata is densely interconnected, can trivially be reidentified, and can be used to draw sensitive inferences. PMID:27185922

  10. Evaluating the privacy properties of telephone metadata.

    PubMed

    Mayer, Jonathan; Mutchler, Patrick; Mitchell, John C

    2016-05-17

    Since 2013, a stream of disclosures has prompted reconsideration of surveillance law and policy. One of the most controversial principles, both in the United States and abroad, is that communications metadata receives substantially less protection than communications content. Several nations currently collect telephone metadata in bulk, including on their own citizens. In this paper, we attempt to shed light on the privacy properties of telephone metadata. Using a crowdsourcing methodology, we demonstrate that telephone metadata is densely interconnected, can trivially be reidentified, and can be used to draw sensitive inferences. PMID:27185922

  11. The Telephone: An Invention with Many Fathers

    ScienceCinema

    Brenni, Paolo [CNR-FST-IMSS, Florence, Italy

    2010-01-08

    The names of A.G. Bell, A. Meucci, P.Reis, E. Gray, just to mention the most important ones, are all connected with the invention of the telephone. Today, the Italian inventor A. Meucci is recognized as being the first to propose a working prototype of the electric telephone. However, for a series of reasons his strenuous efforts were not rewarded. I will not repeat here the endless and complex disputes about the ?real father? of the telephone. From an historical point of view it is more interesting to understand why so many individuals from different backgrounds conceived of a similar apparatus and why most of these devices were simply forgotten or just remained laboratory curiosities. The case of the development of the telephone is an emblematic and useful example for better understanding the intricate factors which are involved in the birth of an invention and reasons for its success and failure.

  12. A Telephone Interview with Carol Matas.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sullivan, Ed

    2002-01-01

    Presents a telephone interview with Carol Matas. Describes how her stories are full of opportunities for the characters to wrestle with themselves and the choices they have to make. Discusses how she has been influenced by the Holocaust. (SG)

  13. The Telephone: An Invention with Many Fathers

    SciTech Connect

    Brenni, Paolo

    2008-10-01

    The names of A.G. Bell, A. Meucci, P.Reis, E. Gray, just to mention the most important ones, are all connected with the invention of the telephone. Today, the Italian inventor A. Meucci is recognized as being the first to propose a working prototype of the electric telephone. However, for a series of reasons his strenuous efforts were not rewarded. I will not repeat here the endless and complex disputes about the 'real father' of the telephone. From an historical point of view it is more interesting to understand why so many individuals from different backgrounds conceived of a similar apparatus and why most of these devices were simply forgotten or just remained laboratory curiosities. The case of the development of the telephone is an emblematic and useful example for better understanding the intricate factors which are involved in the birth of an invention and reasons for its success and failure.

  14. Accessing, Mining, and Archiving an On-line Database -- The APS Catalog of the POSS I

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Humphreys, R. M.; Cabanela, J. E.; Kriessler, J.

    2000-12-01

    The APS Catalog of the POSS I is an on-line database of over 100 million stars and galaxies (http://aps.umn.edu). A unique subset of this database with over 218,000 galaxies within 30 degrees of the North Galactic Pole, the MAPS-NGP, is now available at our web site. This diameter--selected catalog (>= 10 arcsec) is the deepest galaxy catalog constructed over such a large area of the sky (3000 sq. degrees). The MAPS-NGP includes many additional parameters for the galaxy images not available in the APS Catalog. Working with members of our computer science department, we have developed a morphological classifier for galaxies that divides our galaxy type into three classes -- early, intermediate, and late. We have applied data mining techniques to identify the most useful image parameters for input into a neural network and decision--tree based classifier pipeline. We are also archiving the APS Catalog for distribution to astronomical data centers including NASA's ADC and SIMBAD at CDS. The extragalactic subset will be integrated into the NASA/IPAC extragalactic database(NED). The MAPS-NGP has already been provided to NED. The APS is supported by NASA's Applied Information Systems Research Program.

  15. Placement of Base Stations in Broadband Power Line Communications Access Networks by Means of Multi-criteria Optimization

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Haidine, Abdelfatteh; Lehnert, Ralf

    Broadband Power Line Communications (B-PLC) technology is an alternative for broadband access networks, allowing bit rates up to currently 200Mbps. This technique uses the wiring of the low-voltage grid in order to offer to the users the telecommunications services, such as Internet, VoIP, VoD, etc. The B-PLC design process is sub-divided into two parts: the Generalized Base Station Placement (GBSP) problem and the PLC Channel Allocation Problem (P-CAP). This paper focuses on GBSP that is modeled as multi-criteria combinatorial optimization problem. Based on our published mathematical modeling, this paper supplies more numerical experiments for the evaluation of Multi-Objective Evolutionary Algorithms (MOEAs) in solving GBSP. Their performance is compared with the single-objective optimization.

  16. Design of mine-used DC carrier telephone based on STM32

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chen, Goufan; Zhou, Hui; Zhan, Minhua; Wang, Jian

    2016-01-01

    Abide by the design principles of mine intrinsically safe circuit, according to the need of underground communication in coal mine, the paper proposed a design scheme of DC carrier telephone which can dial. The design circuit of the telephone is introduced in detail. The telephone's voice signals are generated by the microphone. After enlarged then the voice signals are modulated to frequency signals by LM567 chip. The frequency signals are coupled by transformer and then transmitted by 12V DC power supply line to the other voice terminals. In the voice terminal the signals are demodulated by LM567 demodulation circuit and enlarged by LM386, then, the amplified audio signals are output from a speaker. The dialing circuit is designed based on the STM32 MCU. The dial information is transmitted to the other telephone terminals by CAN bus. The measured distance calls is greater than 2000m, volume is larger than 85dB, good results.

  17. Optical Access Networks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zheng, Jun; Ansari, Nirwan

    2005-02-01

    Call for Papers: Optical Access Networks With the wide deployment of fiber-optic technology over the past two decades, we have witnessed a tremendous growth of bandwidth capacity in the backbone networks of today's telecommunications infrastructure. However, access networks, which cover the "last-mile" areas and serve numerous residential and small business users, have not been scaled up commensurately. The local subscriber lines for telephone and cable television are still using twisted pairs and coaxial cables. Most residential connections to the Internet are still through dial-up modems operating at a low speed on twisted pairs. As the demand for access bandwidth increases with emerging high-bandwidth applications, such as distance learning, high-definition television (HDTV), and video on demand (VoD), the last-mile access networks have become a bandwidth bottleneck in today's telecommunications infrastructure. To ease this bottleneck, it is imperative to provide sufficient bandwidth capacity in the access networks to open the bottleneck and thus present more opportunities for the provisioning of multiservices. Optical access solutions promise huge bandwidth to service providers and low-cost high-bandwidth services to end users and are therefore widely considered the technology of choice for next-generation access networks. To realize the vision of optical access networks, however, many key issues still need to be addressed, such as network architectures, signaling protocols, and implementation standards. The major challenges lie in the fact that an optical solution must be not only robust, scalable, and flexible, but also implemented at a low cost comparable to that of existing access solutions in order to increase the economic viability of many potential high-bandwidth applications. In recent years, optical access networks have been receiving tremendous attention from both academia and industry. A large number of research activities have been carried out or

  18. [Depression telephone helpline: help seeking during the financial crisis].

    PubMed

    Economou, M; Peppou, L E; Louki, E; Komporozos, A; Mellou, A; Stefanis, C

    2012-01-01

    Mental health telephone help-lines usually play a significant role in mental health services system. Their importance is substantiated during periods of financial crisis, where the mental health of the population is gravely inflicted. Media reports have documented a large increase in calls made to mental health telephone help-lines around the world as a corollary to the global economic crisis; however, a systematic investigation of this observation is still lacking. In this context, the present study endeavours to fill this gap in the literature, while it adds strength to the handful of studies which have empirically supported the impact of the financial crisis on mental health in Greece. Data were extracted from information gleaned during the calls made to the Depression Telephone Helpline of the Greek University Mental Health Research Institute. The information entailed the reason for calling, the socio-demographic and clinical profile of the person with mental health problems, his/her previous and current contacts with mental health professionals and the treatment he/she might be receiving. The results showed a steep increase in calls with direct or indirect reference to the economic crisis during the first half of 2010 and onwards. The callers who referred to the economic crisis manifested depressive symptomatology of clinical significance to a greater degree than callers who made no such reference. The latter exhibited increased levels of distress and agitation as well as drug/alcohol misuse. Concomitantly, a higher frequency of depressive symptomatology was discerned among the unemployed, whereas employed people were found to experience anxiety symptoms to a higher degree. The impact of the financial crisis on the mental health of the Greek population has been considerable, underscoring in this way the importance of mental health help-lines as emotional buffers and as guides for timely and appropriate service use in response to the emerging mental health

  19. 47 CFR 68.6 - Telephones with volume control.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 3 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Telephones with volume control. 68.6 Section 68...) CONNECTION OF TERMINAL EQUIPMENT TO THE TELEPHONE NETWORK General § 68.6 Telephones with volume control. As... States, must have volume control in accordance with § 68.317. Secure telephones, as defined by § 68.3...

  20. 47 CFR 68.6 - Telephones with volume control.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 3 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Telephones with volume control. 68.6 Section 68...) CONNECTION OF TERMINAL EQUIPMENT TO THE TELEPHONE NETWORK General § 68.6 Telephones with volume control. As... States, must have volume control in accordance with § 68.317. Secure telephones, as defined by § 68.3...

  1. 47 CFR 68.6 - Telephones with volume control.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 3 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Telephones with volume control. 68.6 Section 68...) CONNECTION OF TERMINAL EQUIPMENT TO THE TELEPHONE NETWORK General § 68.6 Telephones with volume control. As... States, must have volume control in accordance with § 68.317. Secure telephones, as defined by § 68.3...

  2. Telephone Tutorials. Report of a Pilot Scheme. Spring Semester 1982.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mitchell Coll. of Advanced Education, Bathurst, New South Wales (Australia).

    A report is given of the development in Australia of telephone tutorials for small group instruction of isolated students with and without the assistance of loudspeaking telephones. The following topics are covered: (1) why use telephone tutorials; (2) location of telephone tutorial centers; (3) equipment; (4) unit and staff selection; (5) pilot…

  3. 28 CFR 540.105 - Expenses of inmate telephone use.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Expenses of inmate telephone use. 540.105... CONTACT WITH PERSONS IN THE COMMUNITY Telephone Regulations for Inmates § 540.105 Expenses of inmate telephone use. (a) An inmate is responsible for the expenses of inmate telephone use. Such expenses...

  4. 28 CFR 540.105 - Expenses of inmate telephone use.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Expenses of inmate telephone use. 540.105... CONTACT WITH PERSONS IN THE COMMUNITY Telephone Regulations for Inmates § 540.105 Expenses of inmate telephone use. (a) An inmate is responsible for the expenses of inmate telephone use. Such expenses...

  5. 28 CFR 540.105 - Expenses of inmate telephone use.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Expenses of inmate telephone use. 540.105... CONTACT WITH PERSONS IN THE COMMUNITY Telephone Regulations for Inmates § 540.105 Expenses of inmate telephone use. (a) An inmate is responsible for the expenses of inmate telephone use. Such expenses...

  6. 28 CFR 540.105 - Expenses of inmate telephone use.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Expenses of inmate telephone use. 540.105... CONTACT WITH PERSONS IN THE COMMUNITY Telephone Regulations for Inmates § 540.105 Expenses of inmate telephone use. (a) An inmate is responsible for the expenses of inmate telephone use. Such expenses...

  7. Optical Access Networks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zheng, Jun; Ansari, Nirwan

    2005-01-01

    Call for Papers: Optical Access Networks

    Guest Editors Jun Zheng, University of Ottawa Nirwan Ansari, New Jersey Institute of Technology

    Submission Deadline: 1 June 2005

    Background

    With the wide deployment of fiber-optic technology over the past two decades, we have witnessed a tremendous growth of bandwidth capacity in the backbone networks of today's telecommunications infrastructure. However, access networks, which cover the "last-mile" areas and serve numerous residential and small business users, have not been scaled up commensurately. The local subscriber lines for telephone and cable television are still using twisted pairs and coaxial cables. Most residential connections to the Internet are still through dial-up modems operating at a low speed on twisted pairs. As the demand for access bandwidth increases with emerging high-bandwidth applications, such as distance learning, high-definition television (HDTV), and video on demand (VoD), the last-mile access networks have become a bandwidth bottleneck in today's telecommunications infrastructure. To ease this bottleneck, it is imperative to provide sufficient bandwidth capacity in the access networks to open the bottleneck and thus present more opportunities for the provisioning of multiservices. Optical access solutions promise huge bandwidth to service providers and low-cost high-bandwidth services to end users and are therefore widely considered the technology of choice for next-generation access networks. To realize the vision of optical access networks, however, many key issues still need to be addressed, such as network architectures, signaling protocols, and implementation standards. The major challenges lie in the fact that an optical solution must be not only robust, scalable, and flexible, but also implemented at a low cost comparable to that of existing access solutions in order to increase the

  8. Personal health monitoring - exploiting the power of the personal telephone.

    PubMed

    Hannan, Amir

    2015-11-01

    Many health issues that we currently face are related to our lifestyle choices. Educating patients can help them to make better informed health decisions. The internet and smartphones, mobile telephones that perform many of the functions of a computer, are becoming more accessible to the majority of the population. Applications on smartphones and professional health websites can signpost patients to trusted information and allow them to co-produce records. Empowering patients, staff and organizations through enabling access to records and understanding, building a partnership trust and the use of social media can enable people to do more and hopefully improve outcomes. In this article, I describe the steps we have taken to facilitate such interactions within our own primary care practice and the response of patients to these initiatives. PMID:26376672

  9. Establishment of a 900 telephone number at a university-based drug information service.

    PubMed

    Anderson, P O

    1994-11-01

    Effects of converting a free drug information service at a university medical center to a 900 telephone number are described. Calls to a university medical center drug information service had increased beyond the capacity of staff. A telephone survey to recent users of the service indicated that callers outside the institution would be willing to pay a fee for the service, so a 900 number was instituted for outside calls in January 1993. Staff recorded data on all questions they answered; data for 1993 were compared with those from 1992. Question volume decreased by 48% after the 900 number was instituted, with questions from outside the institution dropping by 55%, questions from outside health care professionals dropping by 72%, and questions from the lay public increasing slightly. One severe impediment to callers from local hospitals was that many hospitals block access to 900 numbers from their telephone systems. The average length of a call was three minutes and the average cost per call was $6. Net income during the first year of operation was $6698. The 900 number provided some income, but it did not completely offset operating costs. A 900 telephone number is a workable, but imperfect, method of providing drug information to outside callers. Early notification of users before implementing a 900 number is essential to allow time for them to arrange telephone access. PMID:7856580

  10. Facilitating climate change assessments by providing easy access to data and decision-support tools on-line

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bachelet, D. M.

    2012-12-01

    Public land managers are under increasing pressure to consider the potential impacts of climate change but they often lack access to the necessary scientific information and the support to interpret projections. Over 27% of the United States land area are designated as protected areas (e.g. National Parks and Wilderness Areas) including 76,900,000 ha of National Forests areas for which management plans need to be revised to prepare for climate change. Projections of warmer drier conditions raise concerns about extended summer drought, increased fire risks and potential pest/insect outbreaks threatening the carbon sequestration potential of the region as well as late summer water availability. Downscaled climate projections, soil vulnerability indices, and simulated climate change impacts on vegetation cover, fire frequency, carbon stocks, as well as species range shifts, have been uploaded in databasin.org to provide easy access to documented information that can be displayed, shared, and freely manipulated on line. We have uploaded NARCCAP scenarios and provided animations and time series display to look at regional and temporal trends in climate projections. We have uploaded simulation results of vegetation shifts from the global scale to local national parks and shared results with concerned managers. We have used combinations of vegetation models and niche models to evaluate wildlife resilience to future conditions. We have designed fuzzy logic models for ecological assessment projects and made them available on the Data Basin web site. We describe how we have used all this information to quantify climate change vulnerability for a variety of ecosystems, developing new web tools to provide comparative summaries of the various types of spatial and temporal data available for different regions.

  11. 26 CFR 49.4254-2 - Payment for toll telephone service or telegraph service in coin-operated telephones.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... Communications § 49.4254-2 Payment for toll telephone service or telegraph service in coin-operated telephones... 26 Internal Revenue 16 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Payment for toll telephone service or telegraph service in coin-operated telephones. 49.4254-2 Section 49.4254-2 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE...

  12. 26 CFR 49.4254-2 - Payment for toll telephone service or telegraph service in coin-operated telephones.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... Communications § 49.4254-2 Payment for toll telephone service or telegraph service in coin-operated telephones... 26 Internal Revenue 16 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Payment for toll telephone service or telegraph service in coin-operated telephones. 49.4254-2 Section 49.4254-2 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE...

  13. 26 CFR 49.4254-2 - Payment for toll telephone service or telegraph service in coin-operated telephones.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... Communications § 49.4254-2 Payment for toll telephone service or telegraph service in coin-operated telephones... 26 Internal Revenue 16 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Payment for toll telephone service or telegraph service in coin-operated telephones. 49.4254-2 Section 49.4254-2 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE...

  14. 26 CFR 49.4254-2 - Payment for toll telephone service or telegraph service in coin-operated telephones.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... Communications § 49.4254-2 Payment for toll telephone service or telegraph service in coin-operated telephones... 26 Internal Revenue 16 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Payment for toll telephone service or telegraph service in coin-operated telephones. 49.4254-2 Section 49.4254-2 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE...

  15. The On-Line Uv/Vis Spectra Data Base An Example For Interactive Access To Scientific Information

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Noelle, A.; Hartmann, G.; Richter, A.

    2003-04-01

    The basic concept of the on-line "UV/Vis Spectra Data Base" is to provide useful information to the scientific community on a proper basis, especially in times where scientific information becomes more and more a commercial product and is therefore often not within the financial means of those people who actually generated the information. Besides the EGS activities in peer reviewed open access e-publishing (e.g. the journal "Atmopheric Chemistry and Physics", ACP) this concept can help the community to reduce the "digital divide" for scientific and technical information. The on-line data base is maintained by a team consisting of the data base providers, the data producer and its users. The long-term scienctific success depends on the close cooperation of this team. Therefore all scientists are encouraged to join this cooperative effort and support the data base either actively or passively. Active support means the provision of missing or newly measured validated spectral data for inclusion in the data base. Although there is a moderate annual maintenance fee for the data base utilization, those scientists who actively support the data base can use the data base free-of-charge. There is also the possibility to support the data base passively by subscription to the data base. Even those scienctists who do not support the data base can benefit from the "Literature Service" which is free-of-charge. This data base concept differs from other commercial activities on this area and matches the philosophy of Copernicus.

  16. Lines

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mires, Peter B.

    2006-01-01

    National Geography Standards for the middle school years generally stress the teaching of latitude and longitude. There are many creative ways to explain the great grid that encircles our planet, but the author has found that students in his college-level geography courses especially enjoy human-interest stories associated with lines of latitude…

  17. Total On-line Access Data System (TOADS): Phase II Final Report for the Period August 2002 - August 2004

    SciTech Connect

    Yuracko, K. L.; Parang, M.; Landguth, D. C.; Coleman, R.

    2004-09-13

    TOADS (Total On-line Access Data System) is a new generation of real-time monitoring and information management system developed to support unattended environmental monitoring and long-term stewardship of U.S. Department of Energy facilities and sites. TOADS enables project managers, regulators, and stakeholders to view environmental monitoring information in realtime over the Internet. Deployment of TOADS at government facilities and sites will reduce the cost of monitoring while increasing confidence and trust in cleanup and long term stewardship activities. TOADS: Reliably interfaces with and acquires data from a wide variety of external databases, remote systems, and sensors such as contaminant monitors, area monitors, atmospheric condition monitors, visual surveillance systems, intrusion devices, motion detectors, fire/heat detection devices, and gas/vapor detectors; Provides notification and triggers alarms as appropriate; Performs QA/QC on data inputs and logs the status of instruments/devices; Provides a fully functional data management system capable of storing, analyzing, and reporting on data; Provides an easy-to-use Internet-based user interface that provides visualization of the site, data, and events; and Enables the community to monitor local environmental conditions in real time. During this Phase II STTR project, TOADS has been developed and successfully deployed for unattended facility, environmental, and radiological monitoring at a Department of Energy facility.

  18. Barriers to Telephone Quitline Use Among Methadone-Maintained Smokers

    PubMed Central

    Griffin, Judith L.; Segal, Kate S.

    2015-01-01

    Introduction: Drug users have high rates of tobacco use and tobacco-related disease. Telephone quitlines promote smoking cessation, but their reach among drug users is unknown. We thus aimed to assess utilization of and barriers to telephone quitlines among methadone-maintained smokers. Methods: Subjects were opioid-dependent smokers in Bronx, New York, methadone treatment programs who were enrolled in a clinical trial of varenicline. All subjects were offered referral to a free, proactive quitline. We examined quitline records, surveyed barriers to quitline use, and queried reasons for declining referral. Results: Of the 112 subjects enrolled, 47% were male, 54% were Hispanic, and 28% were Black. All subjects were offered referral, and 25 (22% of study participants) utilized the quitline. Quitline utilizers (vs. nonutilizers) were significantly more likely to have landline phone service (72 vs. 42%, p = .01), interest in quitline participation (92 vs. 62%, p < .01), and willingness to receive calls (96 vs. 76%, p = .02). Nonutilizers were significantly more likely to report cell phone service lapse (38 vs. 14%, p = .04), and difficulty charging cell phones (19 vs. 0%, p = .02). Reasons for quitline refusal included: (a) skepticism of quitline efficacy; (b) aversion to telephone communication; (c) competing life demands (e.g., drug treatment, shelter); and (d) problems with cell phone service or minutes. Conclusions: Despite several limitations to quitline access among methadone-maintained smokers, routine quitline referral was associated with 22% utilization. To expand provision of smoking cessation treatment to opioid-dependent smokers, interventions to promote routine quitline referral in substance abuse treatment programs warrant investigation. PMID:26180217

  19. The RESPECT Approach to Tailored Telephone Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brouse, Corey H.; Basch, Charles E.; Wolf, Randi L.

    2008-01-01

    Objective: The objective of the RESPECT approach to tailored telephone education (TTE) is described. This approach was shown to be highly effective through a randomized intervention trial for increasing the rate of colorectal cancer (CRC) screening. Methods: At the conclusion of the trial, the investigators identified the main principles that…

  20. Electronic Performance Support for Telephone Operators.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bastiaens, Theo J.; And Others

    A research project evaluated the effectiveness of an Electronic Performance Support System (EPSS). The population consisted of 100 telephone operators in the sales and service department of a Dutch bank. The research ascertained that the EPSS was the support available to operators through a large screen monitor at his or her disposal: a tool…

  1. Telephone costs at Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1991-08-21

    The Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL) is a fusion energy research laboratory located on the Forrestal Campus of Princeton University in Plainsboro, New Jersey. Princeton University operates the laboratory under contact with the US Department of Energy (DOE). PPPL researches nuclear fusion and plasma physics and investigates the potential of a commercial fusion reactor. The objective of the audit was to determine whether PPPL was monitoring telephone use and costs in order to prevent personal toll costs from being charged to the DOE contract. Our audit disclosed that 5 out of the 10 PPPL cost centers we reviewed were not following established policies and procedures for monitoring telephone toll charges. This condition resulted because PPPL's management did not adequately review telephone use and costs. As a result, PPPL charged personal toll calls to DOE. Therefore, we recommend that the Manager, DOE Field Office, Chicago, (CH) direct PPPL to enforce its telephone policies and procedures to ensure that personal toll calls are not charged to DOE. The Acting Manager, CH, concurred with our recommendations and agreed to implement corrective actions.

  2. Telephone & Self Completed Satisfaction Surveys. Training Manual.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton.

    This manual was developed to assist school jurisdiction personnel in implementing effective customer satisfaction surveys by telephone or through mailed surveys to be completed by the customer. It provides background information about market research field activities and processes and gives an overview of the entire data collection process,…

  3. CMSU Library Usage: Telephone Survey Results.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wales, Barbara; And Others

    The Assessment Committee of Library Services at Central Missouri State University conducted a telephone survey of 500 (41.2% completion rate) university students. The goals were to use a random sampling in order to gain more information regarding usage patterns of library services; to identify factors which inhibit patron use; and to reveal…

  4. Measuring Effects Of Lightning On Power And Telephone Lines

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Jafferis, William; Thompson, E. M.; Medelius, P.; Rubinstein, M.; Tzeng, A.

    1992-01-01

    Spherical antenna senses both horizontal and vertical fields simultaneously. Measures "fast" components of electric field used in conjunction with other equipment, including antenna measuring "slow" vertical component of electric field; microphone that senses thunder; cameras making visual records, which locate lightning; magnetic-field sensor; optical sensors; and instruments measuring speed and direction of wind.

  5. A needs analysis for computer-based telephone triage in a community AIDS clinic.

    PubMed Central

    Henry, S. B.; Schreiner, J. G.; Borchelt, D.; Musen, M. A.

    1992-01-01

    This study describes the complexity of the telephone-triage task in a community-based AIDS clinic. We identify deficiencies related to the data management for and documentation of the telephone-triage encounter, including inaccessibility of the medical record and failure to document required data elements. Our needs analysis suggests five design criteria for a computer-based system that assists nurses with the telephone-triage task: (1) online accessibility of the medical record, (2) ability to move among modules of the medical record and the triage-encounter module, (3) ease of data entry, (4) compliance with standards for documentation, and (5) notification of the primary-care physician in an appropriate and timely manner. PMID:1482941

  6. Telephone advice nursing: parents' experiences of monitoring calls in children with gastroenteritis.

    PubMed

    Eriksson, Elisabeth Kvilén; Sandelius, Susanna; Wahlberg, Anna Carin

    2015-06-01

    A common reason for calling a telephone advice nurse is gastroenteritis symptoms in children. A monitoring call is a follow-up call from the telephone nurse to the care seeker in order to follow up on given advice and make a new assessment. The aim of the study was to describe the parents' experiences of monitoring calls in telephone advice nursing in children with gastroenteritis. A qualitative interview method was chosen and data were analysed inductively with a qualitative latent content analysis. Ten parents, nine mothers and one father were interviewed. Four main categories and 13 subcategories were identified and described as useful, and the main categories were convenience - parents found it convenient to get access to self-care advice at home, confirmation - the interaction between the telephone nurse and the parent seemed to become deeper and closer as a result of the monitoring call, support - in a vulnerable situation receiving further information and an opportunity to let the telephone nurse monitor the sick child and guidance - to be guided through the most acute phase in the child's gastroenteritis symptoms. Monitoring calls seemed to be experienced as a security enhancing, positive opportunity and a robust complement to seeking care at a healthcare facility. The results of the study indicate how inhabitants can receive expert advice, support and guidance for care and provide a useful basis for Swedish Healthcare Direct (SHD) to develop the modalities for monitoring calls. PMID:25236581

  7. Internet Access: The Last Mile

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bull, Glen; Garofalo, Joe

    2004-01-01

    Imagine a business that with great ingenuity and expenditure of resources placed a telephone line in every worker's office, but failed to provide phone receivers for them. A new CEO of the firm would immediately recognize the need to place a phone receiver in every office with a phone line to make those lines usable. This scenario is absurd…

  8. 47 CFR 32.2351 - Public telephone terminal equipment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Public telephone terminal equipment. 32.2351....2351 Public telephone terminal equipment. (a) This account shall include the original cost of coinless... to Account 6351 Public Telephone Terminal Equipment Expense. The labor and minor materials costs...

  9. 24 CFR 3285.906 - Telephone and cable TV.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 5 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Telephone and cable TV. 3285.906... Installation Instructions § 3285.906 Telephone and cable TV. It is recommended that the installation instructions explain that telephone and cable TV wiring should be installed in accordance with requirements...

  10. 24 CFR 3285.906 - Telephone and cable TV.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 5 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Telephone and cable TV. 3285.906... Installation Instructions § 3285.906 Telephone and cable TV. It is recommended that the installation instructions explain that telephone and cable TV wiring should be installed in accordance with requirements...

  11. 24 CFR 3285.906 - Telephone and cable TV.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 5 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Telephone and cable TV. 3285.906... Installation Instructions § 3285.906 Telephone and cable TV. It is recommended that the installation instructions explain that telephone and cable TV wiring should be installed in accordance with requirements...

  12. 24 CFR 3285.704 - Telephone and cable TV.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 5 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Telephone and cable TV. 3285.704....704 Telephone and cable TV. Refer to § 3285.906 for considerations pertinent to installation of telephone and cable TV....

  13. 24 CFR 3285.906 - Telephone and cable TV.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 5 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Telephone and cable TV. 3285.906... Installation Instructions § 3285.906 Telephone and cable TV. It is recommended that the installation instructions explain that telephone and cable TV wiring should be installed in accordance with requirements...

  14. 24 CFR 3285.906 - Telephone and cable TV.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 5 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Telephone and cable TV. 3285.906... Installation Instructions § 3285.906 Telephone and cable TV. It is recommended that the installation instructions explain that telephone and cable TV wiring should be installed in accordance with requirements...

  15. 24 CFR 3285.704 - Telephone and cable TV.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 5 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Telephone and cable TV. 3285.704....704 Telephone and cable TV. Refer to § 3285.906 for considerations pertinent to installation of telephone and cable TV....

  16. 24 CFR 3285.704 - Telephone and cable TV.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 5 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Telephone and cable TV. 3285.704....704 Telephone and cable TV. Refer to § 3285.906 for considerations pertinent to installation of telephone and cable TV....

  17. 24 CFR 3285.704 - Telephone and cable TV.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 5 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Telephone and cable TV. 3285.704....704 Telephone and cable TV. Refer to § 3285.906 for considerations pertinent to installation of telephone and cable TV....

  18. 24 CFR 3285.704 - Telephone and cable TV.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 5 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Telephone and cable TV. 3285.704....704 Telephone and cable TV. Refer to § 3285.906 for considerations pertinent to installation of telephone and cable TV....

  19. 47 CFR 68.6 - Telephones with volume control.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Telephones with volume control. 68.6 Section 68.6 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) COMMON CARRIER SERVICES (CONTINUED) CONNECTION OF TERMINAL EQUIPMENT TO THE TELEPHONE NETWORK General § 68.6 Telephones with volume control....

  20. 47 CFR 68.6 - Telephones with volume control.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 3 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Telephones with volume control. 68.6 Section 68.6 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) COMMON CARRIER SERVICES (CONTINUED) CONNECTION OF TERMINAL EQUIPMENT TO THE TELEPHONE NETWORK General § 68.6 Telephones with volume control....

  1. 28 CFR 540.102 - Monitoring of inmate telephone calls.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Monitoring of inmate telephone calls. 540... inmate telephone calls. The Warden shall establish procedures that enable monitoring of telephone... call to an attorney. The Warden shall notify an inmate of the proper procedures to have an...

  2. 7 CFR 1737.60 - Telephone loan budget.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 11 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Telephone loan budget. 1737.60 Section 1737.60... Cost Estimation Procedures § 1737.60 Telephone loan budget. (a) RUS shall prepare a “Telephone Loan Budget” (RUS Form 493) showing all costs for the proposed project and the amount of loan and...

  3. 7 CFR 1737.60 - Telephone loan budget.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 11 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Telephone loan budget. 1737.60 Section 1737.60... Cost Estimation Procedures § 1737.60 Telephone loan budget. (a) RUS shall prepare a “Telephone Loan Budget” (RUS Form 493) showing all costs for the proposed project and the amount of loan and...

  4. 7 CFR 1737.60 - Telephone loan budget.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 11 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Telephone loan budget. 1737.60 Section 1737.60... Cost Estimation Procedures § 1737.60 Telephone loan budget. (a) RUS shall prepare a “Telephone Loan Budget” (RUS Form 493) showing all costs for the proposed project and the amount of loan and...

  5. 21 CFR 870.2920 - Telephone electrocardiograph transmitter and receiver.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Telephone electrocardiograph transmitter and... § 870.2920 Telephone electrocardiograph transmitter and receiver. (a) Identification. A telephone electrocardiograph transmitter and receiver is a device used to condition an electrocardiograph signal so that it...

  6. 21 CFR 870.2920 - Telephone electrocardiograph transmitter and receiver.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Telephone electrocardiograph transmitter and... § 870.2920 Telephone electrocardiograph transmitter and receiver. (a) Identification. A telephone electrocardiograph transmitter and receiver is a device used to condition an electrocardiograph signal so that it...

  7. 21 CFR 870.2920 - Telephone electrocardiograph transmitter and receiver.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Telephone electrocardiograph transmitter and... § 870.2920 Telephone electrocardiograph transmitter and receiver. (a) Identification. A telephone electrocardiograph transmitter and receiver is a device used to condition an electrocardiograph signal so that it...

  8. 21 CFR 870.2920 - Telephone electrocardiograph transmitter and receiver.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Telephone electrocardiograph transmitter and... § 870.2920 Telephone electrocardiograph transmitter and receiver. (a) Identification. A telephone electrocardiograph transmitter and receiver is a device used to condition an electrocardiograph signal so that it...

  9. 21 CFR 870.2920 - Telephone electrocardiograph transmitter and receiver.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Telephone electrocardiograph transmitter and... § 870.2920 Telephone electrocardiograph transmitter and receiver. (a) Identification. A telephone electrocardiograph transmitter and receiver is a device used to condition an electrocardiograph signal so that it...

  10. 20 CFR 638.516 - Laundry, mail, and telephone service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Laundry, mail, and telephone service. 638.516..., and telephone service. (a) The center operator shall provide adequate laundry services and supplies at... of conveniently located pay telephones for student use....

  11. 20 CFR 638.516 - Laundry, mail, and telephone service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Laundry, mail, and telephone service. 638.516..., and telephone service. (a) The center operator shall provide adequate laundry services and supplies at... of conveniently located pay telephones for student use....

  12. 20 CFR 638.516 - Laundry, mail, and telephone service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Laundry, mail, and telephone service. 638.516..., and telephone service. (a) The center operator shall provide adequate laundry services and supplies at... of conveniently located pay telephones for student use....

  13. 28 CFR 540.105 - Expenses of inmate telephone use.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... has implemented debit billing for inmate telephone calls. Each inmate is responsible for staying aware... expense of inmate telephone use or allow a call to be made collect under compelling circumstances such as... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Expenses of inmate telephone use....

  14. Telecommunications Policy Research Conference. Subsidies in Telephone Pricing Section. Papers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Telecommunications Policy Research Conference, Inc., Washington, DC.

    Three papers consider the provision of telephone service to rural and/or low income customers. The first paper, "An Analysis of Telephone Penetration" (Alexander Belinfante), analyzes the relationship between telephone penetration (the proportion of households with phone service) and prices, household income, and other factors. This study found…

  15. 49 CFR 172.604 - Emergency response telephone number.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 2 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Emergency response telephone number. 172.604... telephone number. (a) A person who offers a hazardous material for transportation must provide an emergency response telephone number, including the area code, for use in the event of an emergency involving...

  16. 30 CFR 57.18012 - Emergency telephone numbers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Emergency telephone numbers. 57.18012 Section 57.18012 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR METAL AND... Programs Surface and Underground § 57.18012 Emergency telephone numbers. Emergency telephone numbers...

  17. 30 CFR 56.18012 - Emergency telephone numbers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Emergency telephone numbers. 56.18012 Section 56.18012 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR METAL AND... Programs § 56.18012 Emergency telephone numbers. Emergency telephone numbers shall be posted at...

  18. Analysis of the endogenous human serum peptides by on-line extraction with restricted-access material and HPLC-MS/MS identification.

    PubMed

    Hu, Lianghai; Boos, Karl-Siegfried; Ye, Mingliang; Zou, Hanfa

    2014-09-01

    The selective extraction of endogenous serum peptides has been a challenge due to the high abundant proteins present in serum. Here a simple on-line extraction of peptides from human serum using strong cation-exchange diol silica restricted-access materials (SCX-RAM) coupled with two-dimensional RP-RP liquid chromatography mass spectrometry was developed. The operation of the on-line extraction system is simple to use and does not need complex equipments. The two-dimensional RP-RP was proved to be orthogonal and efficient to separate peptides extracted from human serum. PMID:24913875

  19. 47 CFR 36.372 - Marketing-Account 6610 (Class B telephone companies); Accounts 6611 and 6613 (Class A telephone...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Marketing-Account 6610 (Class B telephone companies); Accounts 6611 and 6613 (Class A telephone companies). 36.372 Section 36.372 Telecommunication... Expenses § 36.372 Marketing—Account 6610 (Class B telephone companies); Accounts 6611 and 6613 (Class...

  20. Video on phone lines: technology and applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hsing, T. Russell

    1996-03-01

    Recent advances in communications signal processing and VLSI technology are fostering tremendous interest in transmitting high-speed digital data over ordinary telephone lines at bit rates substantially above the ISDN Basic Access rate (144 Kbit/s). Two new technologies, high-bit-rate digital subscriber lines and asymmetric digital subscriber lines promise transmission over most of the embedded loop plant at 1.544 Mbit/s and beyond. Stimulated by these research promises and rapid advances on video coding techniques and the standards activity, information networks around the globe are now exploring possible business opportunities of offering quality video services (such as distant learning, telemedicine, and telecommuting etc.) through this high-speed digital transport capability in the copper loop plant. Visual communications for residential customers have become more feasible than ever both technically and economically.

  1. 75 FR 44941 - Sunshine Act; Notice of Public Meeting Accessibility Roundtable Discussion

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-30

    ... COMMISSION Sunshine Act; Notice of Public Meeting Accessibility Roundtable Discussion DATE and TIME: Thursday... Center). AGENDA: The Commission will host a roundtable discussion regarding the various accessibility... of component testing and certification; (6) Telephone voting systems and accessibility...

  2. Curecanti-Blue Mesa-Salida 115-kV transmission lines access roads rehabilitation, maintenance, and construction project. Environmental Assessment

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1993-07-01

    Western Area Power Administration (Western) is a power marketing agency of the US Department of Energy, with jurisdiction in 15 western states. The Salt Lake City Area (SLCA) of Western performs the agency`s mission in parts of Colorado, New Mexico, Texas, Utah, Arizona, Wyoming, and Nevada. As part of its mission, Western owns, operates, and maintains a system of transmission lines for transmitting bulk electrical energy from points of generation to and between delivery points. Part of that system in southwestern Colorado includes the Blue Mesa-Curecanti and Blue Mesa-Salida 115-kV transmission lines. Western proposes to conduct maintenance and improve its access roads for these two transmission lines. This paper discusses the impacts to the existing environment as well as the environmental consequences resulting from the maintenance and construction that is proposed.

  3. Headaches from cellular telephones: are they real and what are the implications?

    PubMed Central

    Frey, A H

    1998-01-01

    There have been numerous recent reports of headaches occurring in association with the use of hand-held cellular telephones. Are these reported headaches real? Are they due to emissions from telephones? There is reason to believe that the answer is "yes" to both questions. There are several lines of evidence to support this conclusion. First, headaches as a consequence of exposure to low intensity microwaves were reported in the literature 30 years ago. These were observed during the course of microwave hearing research before there were cellular telephones. Second, the blood-brain barrier appears to be involved in headaches, and low intensity microwave energy exposure affects the barrier. Third, the dopamine-opiate systems of the brain appear to be involved in headaches, and low intensity electromagnetic energy exposure affects those systems. In all three lines of research, the microwave energy used was approximately the same--in frequencies, modulations, and incident energies--as those emitted by present day cellular telephones. Could the current reports of headaches be the canary in the coal mine, warning of biologically significant effects? PMID:9441959

  4. An analysis of posthospitalization telephone survey data.

    PubMed

    Minnick, A; Roberts, M J; Young, W B; Kleinpell, R M; Micek, W

    1995-01-01

    As part of a study of patient-centered care outcomes that requires the ability to be interviewed by telephone after hospitalization, 4,600 adult patients on 118 medical-surgical units in 17 midwestern hospitals selected by stratified random sampling were identified as potential subjects. This article describes response-rate differences and reasons for nonparticipation by gender, age, ethnicity, and race. Issues related to understanding and reporting response rates, reducing losses due to ineligibility, dealing with refusals, and tailoring survey approaches to special populations are discussed. PMID:7501492

  5. Telephone: it will never be the same

    SciTech Connect

    Larkin, E.P.

    1983-04-14

    A respected veteran among state utility regulators raises a sober warning that it may not be possible for the telecommunications industry to survive half regulated and half unregulated, which is its posture for the present. He foresees a danger that the unregulated sector may be successful in capturing all the profitable portions of the market, leaving only the unprofitable areas to the regulated sector, which will then experience serious dislocations and even system breakdowns. Avoidance of such an outcome to the deregulatory steps presently being taken will require an uncommon degree of prudence and wisdom in those state officials who remain charged with regulatory responsibility for local exchange telephone facilities and service.

  6. Acquiring a CD-ROM Public Access Catalog System. Part 1: The Bottom Line May Not Be the Top Priority.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Helgerson, Linda W.

    1987-01-01

    Compares pricing of seven CD-ROM-based public access catalog systems for libraries of diverse sizes and groupings. Other features of the systems are outlined in the broad areas of database preparation, indexing, database updates, hardware, information retrieval, library controlled elements, interlibrary loan, reports, user support, future…

  7. Psychoanalytic Teaching by Video Link and Telephone.

    PubMed

    Scharff, David E

    2015-06-01

    In this era of global connectedness, there is great interest in using distance video platforms such as Skype and VSee, as well as the telephone, for conducting psychoanalysis and psychotherapy across geographic distance. Little, however, has been written about the use of technology for psychoanalytic education. The International Psychotherapy Institute has extensive experience in the use of videoconference and telephone technology in the teaching of psychoanalysis and psychoanalytic psychotherapy, including didactic teaching, infant observation, and individual and group supervision, with individuals and groups across the United States and overseas. Use of this technology for tele-education has facilitated the spread of psychoanalytic ideas, recruitment of psychoanalytic and psychotherapeutic trainees, and ongoing training for members living at great distances from one another and from the institute. This work is in many ways similar to ordinary psychoanalytic teaching and supervision, and yet presents significant differences in technique, opportunity, and group dynamics. Further implementation and study of this methodology can greatly aid in the dissemination of psychoanalysis in the digital age. PMID:26070477

  8. A Telephone Intervention for Dementia Caregivers: Background, Design, and Baseline Characteristics

    PubMed Central

    Tremont, Geoffrey; Davis, Jennifer; Papandonatos, George D.; Grover, Christine; Ott, Brian R.; Fortinsky, Richard H.; Gozalo, Pedro; Bishop, Duane S.

    2013-01-01

    Family caregivers of individuals with dementia are at heightened risk for emotional and mental health problems. Many caregivers do not seek assistance or become isolated in their caregiving role. Multi-component interventions have demonstrated efficacy for reducing emotional distress and burden, although these approaches are potentially costly and are not widely accessible. In response to these issues, we developed the Family Intervention: Telephone Tracking – Caregiver (FITT-C), which is an entirely telephone-based psychosocial intervention. The purpose of this paper is to describe the study design, methodology, and baseline data for the trial. This study uses a randomized controlled trial design to examine the efficacy of the FITT-C to reduce depressive symptoms and burden in distressed dementia caregivers. All participants (n = 250) received a packet of educational materials and were randomly assigned to receive 6 months of the FITT-C intervention or non-directive telephone support. The FITT-C intervention was designed to reduce distress in caregivers and is based on the McMaster Model of Family Functioning and the Lazarus, transition theory, and Folkman Stress and Coping Models. The primary dependent variables were depressive symptoms (Centers for Epidemiological Studies – Depression) and burden (Zarit Burden Interview, Revised Memory and Behavior Problems Checklist – Reaction). Secondary outcome measures included family functioning, self-efficacy, and health-related quality of life. Results of the study will provide important data about the efficacy of a telephone-based approach to reduce distress in dementia caregivers. PMID:23916916

  9. A system for telephone and secure email consultations, with automatic billing.

    PubMed

    Rutland, Jonathan; Marie, Catherine; Rutland, Benjamin

    2004-01-01

    Doctors have traditionally provided medical advice during face-to-face consultations. A new remote consultation service has been developed based on an interactive voice response system and Internet-based technologies. If the doctor is unavailable, a return call can be requested at a mutually convenient time. The patient's credit card is billed automatically. All that is required of the doctor and patient is access to any telephone. A dial-in dictation and transcription facility allows documentation. The service was launched in late 2003. After six months, there were approximately 55 doctors registered in five Australian states and approximately 500 patients registered. Two hundred and fifty consultations were selected randomly for analysis. Of these, 84% were conducted by telephone and 16% by email. The mean fees charged were AUS$17.11 for telephone and AUS$12.93 for email consultations. The mean duration of telephone consultations was 4.3 min. Call duration ranged from a few seconds to 20.5 min. PMID:15603623

  10. Quality assessment of a telephone care system utilizing non-physician personnel.

    PubMed Central

    Katz, H P; Pozen, J; Mushlin, A I

    1978-01-01

    An approach to providing medical care by telephone is described and its content and quality assessed by means of an outcome study. Pediatric health assistants have been trained to evaluate, triage and offer home management advice in lieu of an office visit for medical problems presented by parents via telephone. During a four-week study period, data were collected on all calls (N = 2520) using a telephone encounter form. Fifty-nine per cent of all calls involved requests for care of illness, 30 per cent of which were independently handled by the health assistant. Quality of care was evaluated for those cases who received advice in home management by means of a seven day follow-up interview with parents (N = 247). Access, parent satisfaction, residual symptoms, and the need for further care were ascertained. Greater than 90 per cent of parents expressed satisfaction and 92 per cent of problems had resolved. Results indicate that this telephone care system can effectively sort out and advise parents in home management for the many minor problems which occur in a pediatric practice, thereby increasing time for direct contact with patients. PMID:23689

  11. A Pilot Study to Estimate the Cost of a Telephone Survey of Rare Populations: African Americans and Persons with Angina.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bertram, Dennis A.

    1994-01-01

    This pilot study provides information on the effort required to conduct a telephone survey on access to care of persons with angina. Allowing for noncontact calls, refusal to participate, and ineligibility, the response rate for whites was 23.4% (2,724 of 11,559), and that of African Americans was 24.3% (2,003 of 8,242). (SLD)

  12. Management of upper respiratory tract infections by telephone.

    PubMed Central

    Jepson, S; Holbrook, J H; Hale, D; Lyon, J

    1994-01-01

    We surveyed Utah general internists (N = 134) regarding their attitudes toward and practices associated with telephone management of upper respiratory tract infections. The questionnaire contained 3 case vignettes--viral upper respiratory tract infection, streptococcal pharyngitis, and acute infectious epiglottitis--and a series of questions were asked about telephone diagnosis, management preferences (clinic versus telephone), and telephone management practices. The 53 respondents (40%) were able to make important diagnostic distinctions about upper respiratory tract infections from a written vignette. As the likelihood of a complicated or serious condition increased, patients would be appropriately triaged for clinical evaluation. Most internists would make a written record of the telephone conversation. Only 1 internist of the 53 would charge for telephone management. PMID:8053174

  13. Robust Three-Metallization Back End of Line Process for 0.18 μm Embedded Ferroelectric Random Access Memory

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kang, Seung-Kuk; Rhie, Hyoung-Seub; Kim, Hyun-Ho; Koo, Bon-Jae; Joo, Heung-Jin; Park, Jung-Hun; Kang, Young-Min; Choi, Do-Hyun; Lee, Sung-Young; Jeong, Hong-Sik; Kim, Kinam

    2005-04-01

    We developed ferroelectric random access memory (FRAM)-embedded smartcards in which FRAM replaces electrically erasable PROM (EEPROM) and static random access memory (SRAM) to improve the read/write cycle time and endurance of data memories during operation, in which the main time delay retardation observed in EEPROM embedded smartcards occurs because of slow data update time. EEPROM-embedded smartcards have EEPROM, ROM, and SRAM. To utilize FRAM-embedded smartcards, we should integrate submicron ferroelectric capacitors into embedded logic complementary metal oxide semiconductor (CMOS) without the degradation of the ferroelectric properties. We resolved this process issue from the viewpoint of the back end of line (BEOL) process. As a result, we realized a highly reliable sensing window for FRAM-embedded smartcards that were realized by novel integration schemes such as tungsten and barrier metal (BM) technology, multilevel encapsulating (EBL) layer scheme and optimized intermetallic dielectrics (IMD) technology.

  14. perspective view of bell telephone of Pennsylvania from the northwest. ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    perspective view of bell telephone of Pennsylvania from the northwest. This switching hall, built in 1890, was designed by Frederick j. osterling. Other Bell Telephone buildings on the block include the twenty-story headquarters building (1923, james t. windrim) on the left, and an eleven-story building (1905, alden & Harlow) on the right. - Bell Telephone of Pennsylvania Building, 416-420 Seventh Avenue, Pittsburgh, Allegheny County, PA

  15. Seldinger Technique for Placement of “Peripheral” Internal Jugular Line: Novel Approach for Emergent Vascular Access

    PubMed Central

    Ash, Adam J.; Raio, Christopher

    2016-01-01

    This is a case report describing the ultrasound-guided placement of a peripheral intravenous catheter into the internal jugular vein of a patient with difficult vascular access. Although this technique has been described in the past, this case is novel in that the Seldinger technique was used to place the catheter. This allows for safer placement of a longer catheter (2.25″) without the need for venous dilation, which is potentially hazardous. PMID:26823937

  16. Universal optical line terminal encoding and decoding architecture in two-code keying for noncoherent spectral amplitude coding optical code division multiple access systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yeh, Bih-Chyun; Lin, Cheing-Hong; Yang, De-Nian

    2014-01-01

    We propose a new code family, called extended shifted prime codes, and the universal encoding architecture for spectral amplitude coding optical code division multiple access systems using a two-code keying scheme. The proposed system can eliminate multiuser interference and suppress phase-induced intensity noise. In addition, we design the ESP codes to be an encoding/decoding architecture based on the array waveguide grating architecture and reduce the power loss and the complexity of the optical line terminal. The numerical results demonstrate that the proposed system with ESP codes outperforms the existing one-dimensional shifted prime codes system.

  17. AccessData: Opening Effective Lines of Communication Between IPY Scientists and Educators to Bring IPY Data Into the Classroom

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ledley, T. S.; Dahlman, L.; Domenico, B.; Taber, M. R.

    2007-12-01

    Creating learning modules that utilize IPY data requires knowledge about the data, science, curriculum design, and educational context. The AccessData group has designed a 2.5 day workshop and follow-up strategy to facilitate the creation of effective IPY data-rich educational modules, making this data more accessible and usable by educators and students. Planning for the AccessData Workshop begins with the identification of teams of experts that include data providers, tool specialists, scientists, curriculum developers, and educators. Each team focuses on specific geoscience datasets and analysis tools. Prior to and during the workshop, each team is given a set of tasks that lead to developing an educational activity. The teams have time to work together at the workshop and the services of a professional curriculum developer who completes the learning activity after the workshop is over. Work begun at the workshop culminates when the activity is published as a chapter in the Earth Exploration Toolbook (EET, http://serc.carleton.edu/eet). The theme of the 2007 AccessData Workshop was IPY and Global Climate Change. This resulted in four of the ten teams focusing their efforts on IPY issues and data, and will result in at least four new EET chapters covering topics such as: 1) the collapse of the Larsen Ice Shelf, 2) changes in Arctic sea ice extent over the past 30 years, 3) the impact of climate changes in Alaska on the plant phenology, and 4) the melting of the Greenland ice sheet. In addition to developing outlines of educational modules on these topics, the teams also work together to produce a set of educationally relevant metadata for the datasets they plan to use in their activities. These are called DataSheets (http://serc.carleton.edu/usingdata/browse_sheets.html); and they enable educators, students, and other non-specialists to access the datasets and use them for learning. This presentation will focus on how the workshop facilitates the communication

  18. Evaluating Public Access On-Line Catalogs. Phase I: Development and Testing of Data Collection and Analysis Tools. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Larson, Ray R.

    This report outlines specifications for the online transaction monitoring and questionnaire administration features of the University of California's (UC) Prototype On-Line Catalog, known as MELVYL. The development and testing of these features by the UC Division of Library Automation (DLA) is also described. This document is the final report…

  19. Use of proximity effect in hearing aid microphones to increase telephone intelligibility in noise

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wilson, Kathryn R.

    1988-07-01

    This thesis describes an experiment to test the use of the proximity effect to increase the intelligibility of telephone speech for hearing-aid wearers. NU-6 word lists were played through the equivalent of long-distance telephone lines with a standard Bell 500 handset, while Multi-Talker noise was played in the background at three different levels. The signals were picked up with one of three microphones placed by the ear of a dummy head: a first-order pressure-gradient microphone (bi-directional), a zero-order microphone (omni-directional), or one with order between zero and one (cardioid). The signal picked up by these microphones was recorded and played back to normal-hearing subjects through a modified hearing aid, while the Multi-Talker noise was played in the background. The pressure gradient microphones allowed significant better understanding of the telephone signal than did the pressure microphone and this difference was more pronounced at higher noise levels. The bidirectional and cardioid microphones did not provide significantly different scores at any noise level. It is argued that this similarity may be due to head effects reducing the pressure-gradient sensitivity of the microphones. The use of the proximity effect to enable hearing aids to pick up a telephone conversation while discriminating against background noise appears to be successful.

  20. Characterization of attacks on public telephone networks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lorenz, Gary V.; Manes, Gavin W.; Hale, John C.; Marks, Donald; Davis, Kenneth; Shenoi, Sujeet

    2001-02-01

    The U.S. Public Telephone Network (PTN) is a massively connected distributed information systems, much like the Internet. PTN signaling, transmission and operations functions must be protected from physical and cyber attacks to ensure the reliable delivery of telecommunications services. The increasing convergence of PTNs with wireless communications systems, computer networks and the Internet itself poses serious threats to our nation's telecommunications infrastructure. Legacy technologies and advanced services encumber well-known and as of yet undiscovered vulnerabilities that render them susceptible to cyber attacks. This paper presents a taxonomy of cyber attacks on PTNs in converged environments that synthesizes exploits in computer and communications network domains. The taxonomy provides an opportunity for the systematic exploration of mitigative and preventive strategies, as well as for the identification and classification of emerging threats.

  1. Nixon Telephones Armstrong on the Moon

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1969-01-01

    Composite photo of President Richard M. Nixon as he telephoned 'Tranquility Base' and astronauts Neil Armstrong and Edwin 'Buzz' Aldrin. The President: '... For one priceless moment in the history of man, all of the people on this Earth are truly one, one in their pride in what you have done and one in our prayers that you will return safely to Earth.' Astronaut Armstrong: '...Thank You, Mr. President. It is a great honor and privilege for us to be here representing not only the United States, but men of peaceable nations, men with an intrest and curiosity, and men with a vision for the future. It is an honor for us to be able to participate here today.'

  2. Telephone-based motivational interviewing for medication adherence: a systematic review.

    PubMed

    Teeter, Benjamin S; Kavookjian, Jan

    2014-12-01

    Adherence to prescribed medications continues to be a problem in the treatment of chronic disease. Motivational interviewing (MI) has been shown to be successful for eliciting patients' motivations to change their medication-taking behaviors. Due to the constraints of the US healthcare system, patients do not always have in-person access to providers. Because of this, there is increasing use of non-traditional healthcare delivery methods such as telephonic counseling. A systematic review was conducted among published studies of telephone-based MI interventions aimed at improving the health behavior change target of medication adherence. The goals of this review were to (1) examine and describe evidence and gaps in the literature for telephonically delivered MI interventions for medication adherence and (2) discuss the implications of the findings for research and practice. The MEDLINE, CINAHL, psycINFO, psycARTICLES, Academic Search Premier, Alt HealthWatch, Health Source: Consumer Edition, and Health Source: Nursing/Academic Edition databases were searched for peer-reviewed research publications between 1991 and October 2012. A total of nine articles were retained for review. The quality of the studies and the interventions varied significantly, which precluded making definitive conclusions but findings among a majority of retained studies suggest that telephone-based MI may help improve medication adherence. The included studies provided promising results and justification for continued exploration in the provision of MI via telephone encounters. Future research is needed to address gaps in the current literature but the results suggest that MI may be an efficient option for healthcare professionals seeking an evidence-based method to reach remote or inaccessible patients to help them improve their medication adherence. PMID:25584086

  3. The development of a virtual database to provide on-line access to a large archive of clinical data.

    PubMed Central

    Stevens, L. E.; Huff, S. M.; Haug, P. J.

    1992-01-01

    The archival database of the HELP Hospital Information System at LDS Hospital is too large to be stored on line. The archival data are important for clinical and research applications. Demountable disk packs have been used to store the archival database. This method of storage has four significant disadvantages. A virtual database was developed to overcome the limitations of this data-management scheme. This virtual database enables the transparent use of appropriate low-cost network-based storage technology to provide on-line availability of the entire archive of clinical data. The virtual database successfully resolves the problems associated with disk packs, and opens the door to enhanced use of the data for clinical and research applications. PMID:1482943

  4. Access to health care

    PubMed Central

    Fortin, Martin; Maltais, Danielle; Hudon, Catherine; Lapointe, Lise; Ntetu, Antoine Lutumba

    2005-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To explore access to health care for patients presenting with multiple chronic conditions and to identify barriers and factors conducive to access. DESIGN Qualitative study with focus groups. SETTING Family practice unit in Chicoutimi (Saguenay), Que. PARTICIPANTS Twenty-five male and female adult patients with at least four chronic conditions but no cognitive disorders or decompensating conditions. METHODS For this pilot study, only three focus group discussions were held. MAIN FINDINGS The main barriers to accessing follow-up appointments included long waits on the telephone, automated telephone-answering systems, and needing to attend at specific times to obtain appointments. The main barriers to specialized care were long waiting times and the need to get prescriptions and referrals from family physicians. Factors reported conducive to access included systematic callbacks and the personal involvement of family physicians. Good communication between family physicians and specialists was also perceived to be an important factor in access. CONCLUSION Systematic callbacks, family physicians’ personal efforts to obtain follow-up visits, and better physician-specialist communication were all suggested as ways to improve access to care for patients with multiple chronic conditions. PMID:16926944

  5. 77 FR 58099 - Notice of Telephonic Prehearing Conference

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-19

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION Notice of Telephonic Prehearing Conference AGENCY: U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: Notice of telephonic prehearing conference In the Matter of ZEN MAGNETS, LLC,...

  6. 26 CFR 49.4252-2 - Toll telephone service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... telephone message or conversation. (2) The tax attaches to the total charge made to a hotel or similar subscriber for toll telephone service furnished to the hotel or its guests, but no tax attaches to any charge made by the hotel for service rendered in placing the calls for its guests. (c) Cross reference....

  7. 26 CFR 49.4252-2 - Toll telephone service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... telephone message or conversation. (2) The tax attaches to the total charge made to a hotel or similar subscriber for toll telephone service furnished to the hotel or its guests, but no tax attaches to any charge made by the hotel for service rendered in placing the calls for its guests. (c) Cross reference....

  8. 26 CFR 49.4252-2 - Toll telephone service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... telephone message or conversation. (2) The tax attaches to the total charge made to a hotel or similar subscriber for toll telephone service furnished to the hotel or its guests, but no tax attaches to any charge made by the hotel for service rendered in placing the calls for its guests. (c) Cross reference....

  9. 26 CFR 49.4252-2 - Toll telephone service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... telephone message or conversation. (2) The tax attaches to the total charge made to a hotel or similar subscriber for toll telephone service furnished to the hotel or its guests, but no tax attaches to any charge made by the hotel for service rendered in placing the calls for its guests. (c) Cross reference....

  10. 47 CFR 68.4 - Hearing aid-compatible telephones.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 3 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Hearing aid-compatible telephones. 68.4 Section 68.4 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) COMMON CARRIER SERVICES (CONTINUED) CONNECTION OF TERMINAL EQUIPMENT TO THE TELEPHONE NETWORK General § 68.4 Hearing...

  11. 47 CFR 68.4 - Hearing aid-compatible telephones.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Hearing aid-compatible telephones. 68.4 Section 68.4 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) COMMON CARRIER SERVICES (CONTINUED) CONNECTION OF TERMINAL EQUIPMENT TO THE TELEPHONE NETWORK General § 68.4 Hearing...

  12. Telephone Teaching: Towards Constructivist Teaching for Rural and Remote Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Finger, Glenn; Rotolo, Carolyn

    In 1998 the Charleville School of Distance Education (SDE) in Queensland, Australia, began using telephone teaching to replace high frequency radio as its means of communicating with rural and remote students. A study investigated the extent to which telephone teaching has contributed to the development of a constructivist teaching and learning…

  13. South Fork Telephone Switchboard Building, general view in setting showing ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    South Fork Telephone Switchboard Building, general view in setting showing (N) side; view (S) - Fort McKinley, South Fork Telephone Switchboard Building, South side of Weymouth Way, approximately 100 feet west of East Side Drive, Great Diamond Island, Portland, Cumberland County, ME

  14. South Fork Telephone Switchboard Building, interior west room showing hardwood ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    South Fork Telephone Switchboard Building, interior west room showing hardwood floor; view south - Fort McKinley, South Fork Telephone Switchboard Building, South side of Weymouth Way, approximately 100 feet west of East Side Drive, Great Diamond Island, Portland, Cumberland County, ME

  15. South Fork Telephone Switchboard Building, oblique view of (W) and ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    South Fork Telephone Switchboard Building, oblique view of (W) and (S) sides, view to northeast - Fort McKinley, South Fork Telephone Switchboard Building, South side of Weymouth Way, approximately 100 feet west of East Side Drive, Great Diamond Island, Portland, Cumberland County, ME

  16. South Fork Telephone Switchboard Building, oblique view of east side; ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    South Fork Telephone Switchboard Building, oblique view of east side; view northwest - Fort McKinley, South Fork Telephone Switchboard Building, South side of Weymouth Way, approximately 100 feet west of East Side Drive, Great Diamond Island, Portland, Cumberland County, ME

  17. Latent Functions of the Telephone: What Missing the Extension Means.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wurtzel, Alan H.; Turner, Colin

    A survey of New Yorkers deprived of residential telephone service for 23 days validates previous discursive research on the social role and psychological functions of the medium. Respondents who said they enjoyed and needed the telephone were found to feel isolated, uneasy, and less in control without it. While 33% used more media during the…

  18. 28 CFR 540.103 - Inmate telephone calls to attorneys.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Inmate telephone calls to attorneys. 540.103 Section 540.103 Judicial Administration BUREAU OF PRISONS, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE INSTITUTIONAL... calls to attorneys. The Warden may not apply frequency limitations on inmate telephone calls...

  19. 39 CFR 6.4 - Attendance by conference telephone call.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Attendance by conference telephone call. 6.4 Section 6.4 Postal Service UNITED STATES POSTAL SERVICE THE BOARD OF GOVERNORS OF THE U.S. POSTAL SERVICE MEETINGS (ARTICLE VI) § 6.4 Attendance by conference telephone call. For regularly scheduled meetings...

  20. 47 CFR 64.1505 - Restrictions on collect telephone calls.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Restrictions on collect telephone calls. 64... SERVICES (CONTINUED) MISCELLANEOUS RULES RELATING TO COMMON CARRIERS Interstate Pay-Per-Call and Other Information Services § 64.1505 Restrictions on collect telephone calls. (a) No common carrier shall...

  1. 7 CFR 1744.63 - The telephone loan budget.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... account. See 7 CFR part 1753. ... 7 Agriculture 11 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false The telephone loan budget. 1744.63 Section 1744.63... Disbursement of Funds § 1744.63 The telephone loan budget. When the loan is made, RUS provides the borrower...

  2. 7 CFR 1744.63 - The telephone loan budget.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... account. See 7 CFR part 1753. ... 7 Agriculture 11 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false The telephone loan budget. 1744.63 Section 1744.63... Disbursement of Funds § 1744.63 The telephone loan budget. When the loan is made, RUS provides the borrower...

  3. 7 CFR 1744.63 - The telephone loan budget.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... account. See 7 CFR part 1753. ... 7 Agriculture 11 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false The telephone loan budget. 1744.63 Section 1744.63... Disbursement of Funds § 1744.63 The telephone loan budget. When the loan is made, RUS provides the borrower...

  4. 7 CFR 1744.63 - The telephone loan budget.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... account. See 7 CFR part 1753. ... 7 Agriculture 11 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false The telephone loan budget. 1744.63 Section 1744.63... Disbursement of Funds § 1744.63 The telephone loan budget. When the loan is made, RUS provides the borrower...

  5. 7 CFR 1744.63 - The telephone loan budget.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... account. See 7 CFR part 1753. ... 7 Agriculture 11 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false The telephone loan budget. 1744.63 Section 1744.63... Disbursement of Funds § 1744.63 The telephone loan budget. When the loan is made, RUS provides the borrower...

  6. STATE AND LOCAL AREA INTEGRATED TELEPHONE SURVEY (SLAITS)

    EPA Science Inventory

    The State and Local Area Integrated Telephone Survey (SLAITS) is a telephone interview mechanism that employs the sampling frame of the National Immunization Survey. The purpose of SLAITS is to provide high quality health and welfare-related data on individuals and families at th...

  7. 47 CFR 68.4 - Hearing aid-compatible telephones.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 3 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Hearing aid-compatible telephones. 68.4 Section 68.4 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) COMMON CARRIER SERVICES (CONTINUED) CONNECTION OF TERMINAL EQUIPMENT TO THE TELEPHONE NETWORK General § 68.4 Hearing...

  8. 47 CFR 68.4 - Hearing aid-compatible telephones.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 3 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Hearing aid-compatible telephones. 68.4 Section 68.4 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) COMMON CARRIER SERVICES (CONTINUED) CONNECTION OF TERMINAL EQUIPMENT TO THE TELEPHONE NETWORK General § 68.4 Hearing...

  9. 47 CFR 68.4 - Hearing aid-compatible telephones.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 3 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Hearing aid-compatible telephones. 68.4 Section 68.4 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) COMMON CARRIER SERVICES (CONTINUED) CONNECTION OF TERMINAL EQUIPMENT TO THE TELEPHONE NETWORK General § 68.4 Hearing...

  10. 49 CFR 195.52 - Telephonic notice of certain accidents.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Telephonic notice of certain accidents. 195.52... TRANSPORTATION OF HAZARDOUS LIQUIDS BY PIPELINE Annual, Accident, and Safety-Related Condition Reporting § 195.52 Telephonic notice of certain accidents. (a) At the earliest practicable moment following discovery of...

  11. 26 CFR 49.4251-4 - Prepaid telephone cards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 16 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Prepaid telephone cards. 49.4251-4 Section 49.4251-4 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) MISCELLANEOUS EXCISE TAXES FACILITIES AND SERVICES EXCISE TAXES Communications § 49.4251-4 Prepaid telephone cards. (a) In general. In the case of...

  12. 47 CFR 36.374 - Telephone operator services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Telephone operator services. 36.374 Section 36.374 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) COMMON CARRIER SERVICES... Customer Operations Expenses § 36.374 Telephone operator services. (a) Expenses in this...

  13. 47 CFR 36.374 - Telephone operator services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Telephone operator services. 36.374 Section 36.374 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) COMMON CARRIER SERVICES... Customer Operations Expenses § 36.374 Telephone operator services. (a) Expenses in this...

  14. 47 CFR 36.374 - Telephone operator services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Telephone operator services. 36.374 Section 36.374 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) COMMON CARRIER SERVICES... Customer Operations Expenses § 36.374 Telephone operator services. (a) Expenses in this...

  15. 47 CFR 36.374 - Telephone operator services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Telephone operator services. 36.374 Section 36.374 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) COMMON CARRIER SERVICES... Customer Operations Expenses § 36.374 Telephone operator services. (a) Expenses in this...

  16. 47 CFR 36.374 - Telephone operator services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Telephone operator services. 36.374 Section 36.374 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) COMMON CARRIER SERVICES... Customer Operations Expenses § 36.374 Telephone operator services. (a) Expenses in this...

  17. 41 CFR 105-53.120 - Address and telephone numbers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... numbers. 105-53.120 Section 105-53.120 Public Contracts and Property Management Federal Property... FUNCTIONS General § 105-53.120 Address and telephone numbers. The Office of the Administrator; Office of..., however, the mailing address is Washington, DC 20406. The telephone number for the above addresses is...

  18. 41 CFR 105-53.120 - Address and telephone numbers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... numbers. 105-53.120 Section 105-53.120 Public Contracts and Property Management Federal Property... FUNCTIONS General § 105-53.120 Address and telephone numbers. The Office of the Administrator; Office of..., however, the mailing address is Washington, DC 20406. The telephone number for the above addresses is...

  19. Survey of Telephone Registrants Fall 1979. Volume 10, Number 13.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lucas, John A.

    An evaluation of telephone registration was conducted in September 1979 by William Rainey Harper College (WRHC) to determine registrants' satisfaction with the process and to identify difficulties they had in reaching the terminal operator. A questionnaire was mailed to 363 students randomly selected from those who had registered by telephone for…

  20. Investigating the validity and usability of an interactive computer programme for assessing competence in telephone-based mental health triage.

    PubMed

    Sands, Natisha; Elsom, Stephen; Keppich-Arnold, Sandra; Henderson, Kathryn; King, Peter; Bourke-Finn, Karen; Brunning, Debra

    2016-02-01

    Telephone-based mental health triage services are frontline health-care providers that operate 24/7 to facilitate access to psychiatric assessment and intervention for people requiring assistance with a mental health problem. The mental health triage clinical role is complex, and the populations triage serves are typically high risk; yet to date, no evidence-based methods have been available to assess clinician competence to practice telephone-based mental health triage. The present study reports the findings of a study that investigated the validity and usability of the Mental Health Triage Competency Assessment Tool, an evidence-based, interactive computer programme designed to assist clinicians in developing and assessing competence to practice telephone-based mental health triage. PMID:26365233

  1. When may doctors give nurses telephonic treatment instructions?

    PubMed

    McQuoid-Mason, David Jan

    2016-08-01

    Doctors are expected to examine their patients before issuing telephonic instructions to nurses. However, in emergencies or when they are aware of the health status of their patients, it may be justified for a doctor to issue telephonic instructions to nurses without examining the patient. Doctors on call owe a special duty to patients, who they may have to examine or arrange for another doctor to do so before issuing telephonic instructions. In deciding whether doctors acted reasonably in issuing telephonic instructions to nurses, the courts will decide whether they exercised the same degree of skill and care as reasonably competent practitioners in their branch of the profession. Suggestions are made concerning doctors giving telephonic instructions to nurses regarding patients they have not examined. PMID:27499403

  2. Choosing a New Telephone System for Your Medical Practice.

    PubMed

    Metherell, Brian

    2016-01-01

    E-mail may rule the world in other types of businesses, but for medical practices, the telephone remains the primary mode of communication with patients, specialists, and pharmacies. From making appointments to calling in prescriptions, telephones are essential to patient care. With technology changing very quickly and new capabilities coming into the medical practice, such as telemedicine and Skype, you need to know your options when choosing a new telephone system. The possibilities include on-site, cloud, and hybrid networked solutions. A wide variety of features and capabilities are available, from dozens of vendors. Of course, no matter what telephone solution you choose, you must meet regulatory compliance, particularly HIPAA, and Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard if you take credit cards. And it has to be affordable, reliable, and long lasting. This article explores what medical practices need to know when choosing a new business telephone system in order to find the right solutions for their businesses. PMID:27443060

  3. Analysis and psychotherapy by telephone: twenty years of clinical experience.

    PubMed

    Leffert, Mark

    2003-01-01

    Psychoanalysis via telephone is becoming increasingly prevalent while remaining an area of comparatively little study. The author's early telephone treatment of a series of patients living some distance away or engaged in business travel, and his subsequent telephone treatment of nine analytic and five psychotherapy patients following his own geographic move, are discussed in detail. The mechanics of beginning and carrying out such treatment are examined. The theoretical implications of the shift to the telephone and the ambivalence with which it is often met by clinicians are also explored. The role of nonverbal communication in both in-person and telephone analysis is considered, as is the concept of the analytic office as a literal space and a psychological container. Suggestions for future research are advanced. PMID:12731800

  4. Utility of telephone assessments in an older adult population.

    PubMed

    Senior, Ashley C; Kunik, Mark E; Rhoades, Howard M; Novy, Diane M; Wilson, Nancy L; Stanley, Melinda A

    2007-06-01

    Telephone assessments are commonly used in mental health research and may be especially beneficial in older populations. The current study assessed the psychometric properties of the Penn State Worry Questionnaire (T. J. Meyer, M. L. Miller, R. L. Metzger, & T. D. Borkovec, 1990) and the Beck Depression Inventory--II (A. T. Beck, R. A. Steer, & G. K. Brown, 1996), when administered over the telephone in an older adult population. Results indicate no differences in mean symptom level or internal consistency across two modes of administration. Correlations between the in-person and telephone-administered measures and diagnostic categories suggest adequate validity of the telephone-administered measures. With this demonstrated evidence, the telephone assessment method can be applied in a variety of research and clinical settings. PMID:17563195

  5. A minority research and education information service: Design, develop, pilot test, and implement on-line access for historically black colleges and universities and government agencies

    SciTech Connect

    Rodman, J.A.

    1992-01-01

    This Annual Status Report describes the design, development and implementation of the Minority On-Line Information Service (MOLIS) project by Federal Information Exchange, Inc. for the period of April 1, 1991 to March 31, 1992. Summary information detailing developments prior to this reporting period will also be included to establish a comprehensive perspective of the project. The goal of the MOLIS project, was to develop, design, pilot test on-line access to current information on minority colleges and universities and federal minority opportunities. Federal Information Exchange, Inc. (FIE), a diversified information services company recognized by researchers and educators as a leader in the field of information delivery services, was awarded a 5 year small business research grant to develop and implement MOLIS. Since April 29, 1991, the inauguration of its on-line service, MOLIS has provided current information on 138 Black and Hispanic colleges and universities -- including faculty and student profiles, financial data, research centers and equipment information, pre-college and education programs, emerging capabilities, enrollment data, administrative personnel data, and current events -- as well as minority opportunities from 8 participating federal agencies.

  6. 45 CFR 1386.22 - Access to records, facilities and individuals with developmental disabilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... an automated data bank. This regulation does not limit access by parents or legal guardians of minors... advocacy services available from the system, including the name, address, and telephone number of the..., both formally and informally, by telephone, mail and in person. (i) If a system is denied access...

  7. 45 CFR 1386.22 - Access to records, facilities and individuals with developmental disabilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... an automated data bank. This regulation does not limit access by parents or legal guardians of minors... advocacy services available from the system, including the name, address, and telephone number of the..., both formally and informally, by telephone, mail and in person. (i) If a system is denied access...

  8. 45 CFR 1386.22 - Access to records, facilities and individuals with developmental disabilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... an automated data bank. This regulation does not limit access by parents or legal guardians of minors... advocacy services available from the system, including the name, address, and telephone number of the..., both formally and informally, by telephone, mail and in person. (i) If a system is denied access...

  9. Thermal effects of radiation from cellular telephones

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wainwright, Peter

    2000-08-01

    A finite element thermal model of the head has been developed to calculate temperature rises generated in the brain by radiation from cellular telephones and similar electromagnetic devices. A 1 mm resolution MRI dataset was segmented semiautomatically, assigning each volume element to one of ten tissue types. A finite element mesh was then generated using a fully automatic tetrahedral mesh generator developed at NRPB. There are two sources of heat in the model: firstly the natural metabolic heat production; and secondly the power absorbed from the electromagnetic field. The SAR was derived from a finite difference time domain model of the head, coupled to a model `mobile phone', namely a quarter-wavelength antenna mounted on a metal box. The steady-state temperature distribution was calculated using the standard Pennes `bioheat equation'. In the normal cerebral cortex the high blood perfusion rate serves to provide an efficient cooling mechanism. In the case of equipment generally available to the public, the maximum temperature rise found in the brain was about 0.1 °C. These results will help in the further development of criteria for exposure guidelines, and the technique developed may be used to assess temperature rises associated with SARs for different types of RF exposure.

  10. Using History to Teach Invention and Design: The Case of the Telephone

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gorman, Michael E.; Robinson, J. Kirby

    This paper shows how a historical case, the invention of the telephone, can be used to teach invention and design in a way that combines engineering, social sciences, and humanities. The historical problem of transmitting speech was turned into an active learning module, in which students sought to improve patents obtained by early telephone inventors like Alexander Graham Bell and Elisha Gray, using equipment similar to what was available at the time. The result was a collaborative learning environment in which students from a wide range of majors worked in teams, eventually producing a patent application. As part of the project, they were allowed to search historical materials like the Bell notebooks, which were made available on line. This experience gave them a better understanding of the invention and design process.

  11. Telemedicine in neurosurgery using international digital telephone services between Japan and Malaysia--technical note.

    PubMed

    Houkin, K; Fukuhara, S; Selladurai, B M; Zurin, A A; Ishak, M; Kuroda, S; Abe, H

    1999-10-01

    A new image transmission and teleconference system using international digital telephone services was established between Japan and Malaysia. This new system consists of an ordinary personal computer, image scanner, and terminal adapter for digital telephone lines. The quality of images transferred using this system was high enough for diagnosis and discussion except for images such as radiographs requiring huge data transfer. Transmission of one image took approximately 20 seconds. The cost performance was almost equal to the conventional mailing system. The most remarkable advantage of this new system is the high quality of transferred images, the cost and time performance, and security of the medical information. New communication systems using international digital networks including the internet may allow re-distribution of medical resources between advanced countries and developing countries in neurosurgery. PMID:10598447

  12. Systems configured to distribute a telephone call, communication systems, communication methods and methods of routing a telephone call to a service representative

    DOEpatents

    Harris, Scott H.; Johnson, Joel A.; Neiswanger, Jeffery R.; Twitchell, Kevin E.

    2004-03-09

    The present invention includes systems configured to distribute a telephone call, communication systems, communication methods and methods of routing a telephone call to a customer service representative. In one embodiment of the invention, a system configured to distribute a telephone call within a network includes a distributor adapted to connect with a telephone system, the distributor being configured to connect a telephone call using the telephone system and output the telephone call and associated data of the telephone call; and a plurality of customer service representative terminals connected with the distributor and a selected customer service representative terminal being configured to receive the telephone call and the associated data, the distributor and the selected customer service representative terminal being configured to synchronize, application of the telephone call and associated data from the distributor to the selected customer service representative terminal.

  13. Correlative transmission electron microscopy and electrical properties study of switchable phase-change random access memory line cells

    SciTech Connect

    Oosthoek, J. L. M.; Kooi, B. J.; Voogt, F. C.; Attenborough, K.; Verheijen, M. A.; Hurkx, G. A. M.; Gravesteijn, D. J.

    2015-02-14

    Phase-change memory line cells, where the active material has a thickness of 15 nm, were prepared for transmission electron microscopy (TEM) observation such that they still could be switched and characterized electrically after the preparation. The result of these observations in comparison with detailed electrical characterization showed (i) normal behavior for relatively long amorphous marks, resulting in a hyperbolic dependence between SET resistance and SET current, indicating a switching mechanism based on initially long and thin nanoscale crystalline filaments which thicken gradually, and (ii) anomalous behavior, which holds for relatively short amorphous marks, where initially directly a massive crystalline filament is formed that consumes most of the width of the amorphous mark only leaving minor residual amorphous regions at its edges. The present results demonstrate that even in (purposely) thick TEM samples, the TEM sample preparation hampers the probability to observe normal behavior and it can be debated whether it is possible to produce electrically switchable TEM specimen in which the memory cells behave the same as in their original bulk embedded state.

  14. Validation of a cognitive assessment battery administered by telephone

    PubMed Central

    Rapp, Stephen R.; Legault, Claudine; Espeland, Mark A.; Resnick, Susan M.; Hogan, Patricia E.; Coker, Laura H.; Dailey, Maggie; Shumaker, Sally A.

    2012-01-01

    Background While the gold standard method of cognitive assessment is a face-to-face administration, telephone-based assessments offer several advantages if they demonstrate reliability and validity. Design Observational study; 110 participants randomly assigned to receive two administrations of the same cognitive test battery 6 months apart in one of four combinations (1st administration/2nd administration): telephone/telephone; telephone/face-to-face; face-to-face/telephone; or face-to-face/face-to-face. Setting Academic medical center Participants 110 non-demented women between the ages of 65 and 90 years. Measures The battery included tests of attention, verbal learning and memory, verbal fluency, executive function, working memory and global cognitive functioning plus self-report measures of perceived memory problems, depressive symptoms, sleep disturbance and health-related quality of life. Test-retest reliability, concurrent validity, relative bias associated with telephone administration, and change scores were evaluated. Results There were no statistically significant differences in scores on any of the cognitive tests or questionnaires between randomly assigned modes of administration at baseline indicating equivalence across modes. There was no significant bias for tests or questionnaires administered by telephone (ps>0.01). Nor was there a difference in mean change scores between administration modes except for the Category Fluency (p = 0.01) and the California Verbal Learning Test long delay-free recall (p < 0.01). Mean test-retest coefficients for the battery were not significantly different across groups though individual test-retest correlation coefficients were generally higher within mode than across mode. Conclusions Telephone administration of cognitive tests and questionnaires to older women is both reliable and valid. Use of telephone batteries can substantially reduce the economic cost and burden of cognitive assessments and increase

  15. Vibroacoustic Payload Environment Prediction System (VAPEPS): VAPEPS management center remote access guide

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Fernandez, J. P.; Mills, D.

    1991-01-01

    A Vibroacoustic Payload Environment Prediction System (VAPEPS) Management Center was established at the JPL. The center utilizes the VAPEPS software package to manage a data base of Space Shuttle and expendable launch vehicle payload flight and ground test data. Remote terminal access over telephone lines to the computer system, where the program resides, was established to provide the payload community a convenient means of querying the global VAPEPS data base. This guide describes the functions of the VAPEPS Management Center and contains instructions for utilizing the resources of the center.

  16. Vibroacoustic payload environment prediction system (VAPEPS): Data base management center remote access guide

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Thomas, V. C.

    1986-01-01

    A Vibroacoustic Data Base Management Center has been established at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL). The center utilizes the Vibroacoustic Payload Environment Prediction System (VAPEPS) software package to manage a data base of shuttle and expendable launch vehicle flight and ground test data. Remote terminal access over telephone lines to a dedicated VAPEPS computer system has been established to provide the payload community a convenient means of querying the global VAPEPS data base. This guide describes the functions of the JPL Data Base Management Center and contains instructions for utilizing the resources of the center.

  17. Internet- vs. telephone-administered questionnaires in a randomized trial of smoking cessation.

    PubMed

    Graham, Amanda L; Papandonatos, George D; Bock, Beth C; Cobb, Nathan K; Baskin-Sommers, Arielle; Niaura, Raymond; Abrams, David B

    2006-12-01

    The Internet offers a promising channel to conduct smoking cessation research. Among the advantages of Internet research are the ability to access large numbers of participants who might not otherwise participate in a cessation trial, and the ability to conduct research efficiently and cost-effectively. To leverage the opportunity of the Internet in clinical research, it is necessary to establish that measures of known validity used in research trials are reliable when administered via the Internet. To date, no published studies examine the psychometric properties of measures administered via the Internet to assess smoking variables and psychosocial constructs related to cessation (e.g., stress, social support, quit methods). The purpose of the present study was to examine the reliability of measures of previous quit methods, perceived stress, depression, social support for cessation, smoking temptations, alcohol use, perceived health status, and income when administered via the Internet. Participants in the present study were enrolled in a randomized controlled trial of the efficacy of Internet smoking cessation. Following baseline telephone assessment and randomization into the parent trial, participants were recruited to the reliability substudy. An email was sent 2 days after the telephone assessment with a link to the Internet survey and instructions to complete the survey that day. Of the 297 individuals invited to participate, 213 completed the survey within 1 week. Results indicate that the internal consistency and test-retest reliability of the measures examined are comparable when self-administered via the Internet or when interviewer-administered via telephone. PMID:17491171

  18. 47 CFR 15.609 - Marketing of Access BPL equipment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... Broadband Over Power Line (Access BPL) § 15.609 Marketing of Access BPL equipment. The marketing of Access... consist of AC power line public utilities, Access BPL service providers and associates of Access...

  19. 26 CFR 49.4252-1 - General telephone service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... total charge made to a hotel or similar subscriber for general telephone service furnished to the hotel or its guests, but no tax attaches to any charge made by the hotel for service rendered in...

  20. 77 FR 18258 - Government-to-Government Telephonic Consultation Meetings

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-27

    ... order to avoid spam filters.) Registration Option 2 Fax a message to Alexis Abernathy at 202-371-2229 at... making the call along with the name, title, tribal affiliation, mailing address, telephone number,...

  1. 78 FR 2258 - Notice of Telephonic Prehearing Conference

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-10

    ...: Notice. SUMMARY: Notice of telephonic prehearing conference for the case: In the Matter of BABY MATTERS... BLANK ROME, LLP, Counsel for BABY MATTERS LLC shall be provided with a phone number and passcode in...

  2. 77 FR 58100 - Notice of Telephonic Prehearing Conference; Correction

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-19

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION Notice of Telephonic Prehearing Conference; Correction AGENCY: U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission. Correction Federal Register Citation of Previous Announcement: Vol. 77, No. 179,...

  3. Telephone equipment room, showing channel terminal bank with vacuum tubes. ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Telephone equipment room, showing channel terminal bank with vacuum tubes. View to east - March Air Force Base, Strategic Air Command, Combat Operations Center, 5220 Riverside Drive, Moreno Valley, Riverside County, CA

  4. 77 FR 56814 - Notice of Telephonic Prehearing Conference

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-14

    ... Commission or upon the Commission's substantive standards, regulations, and consumer product safety rules... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION Notice of Telephonic Prehearing Conference AGENCY: U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission....

  5. 77 FR 58983 - Notice of Telephonic Prehearing Conference

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-25

    ... Commission or upon the Commission's substantive standards, regulations, and consumer product safety rules... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION Notice of Telephonic Prehearing Conference AGENCY: U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission....

  6. INTERIOR VIEW OF THE HALL. NOTE THE TELEPHONE NICHE, TONGUEANDGROOVE ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    INTERIOR VIEW OF THE HALL. NOTE THE TELEPHONE NICHE, TONGUE-AND-GROOVE WOOD FLOORING, AND DOUBLE DOOR OF THE LINEN CLOSET. VIEW FACING SOUTHWEST. - Hickam Field, Officers' Housing Type F, 602 Beard Avenue, Honolulu, Honolulu County, HI

  7. Systems requirements for cable modems in high-speed access networks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Campos, Luis A.; Su, Shing-Fong

    1996-11-01

    Cable modems play an important role in turning the hybrid fiber coax (HFC) networks from pure broadcast video service to high-speed access networks. Many CATV companies and telephone companies are experimenting with high-speed data services over HFC. With today's technology, cable modems can easily run at a data rate of 10 Mbps or above. They allow subscribers fast access to on-line services and the Internet. A variety of cable modems have been developed and marketed by cable modem vendors. Selection of right cable modems for deployment in HFC access networks has become a nontrivial matter. Different HFC systems may require different types of cable modems. In this paper, we review the development of HFC systems and discuss data networking using approaches that include connectionless data networking and connection-oriented data networking systems. The system requirements for cable modems in terms of throughput, robustness, ease of operation, protocol efficiency, reliability, network management, and cost are addressed.

  8. Blood lines conduct leakage current during haemodialysis: a potential safety risk during first failure, especially for patients with central dialysis catheter as access.

    PubMed

    Jonsson, P; Eliasson, G; Stegmayr, B G

    2005-11-01

    Haemodialysis (HD) machines are IEC-classified as I type B. When central dialysis catheters (CDCs) are used for access, there will be close electrical contact with the heart. To investigate the risk for HD patients, the leakage of current through the tubing set was measured during in vitro dialysis performed according to the IEC 60601-1 standard for class I cardiac floating (CF) devices. A series of eight measurements were made with Gambro GFS + 12 dialysers, first with saline and then with blood in the blood lines. The leakage current exceeded the CF limit (50 microA) at the top of the CDC using the test 'mains on applied part' for saline (median 1008 microA, range 720-1241 microA), for blood (median 610 microA, range 449-772 microA) and also for a 'single fault condition' using saline (median 68 microA, range 35-118 microA) or blood (47 microA, range 4-128 microA). In the single fault condition, the highest leakage current at the CDC (128 microA) almost exceeded the earth leakage current in normal conditions. A safety risk can appear if a single fault arises in the dialysis machine or another device connected to the same patient, or during 'mains contact to the patient'. Then the current flow may be high enough to induce arrhythmias in the patient, especially when a CDC is used. These data and the use of CDCs as access for dialysis indicate that HD machines should be classified as cardiac floating rather than body (B) devices. PMID:16594299

  9. The Efficacy of FlexMaster’s IntroFile, PreRaCe and Gates Glidden Drills in Straight-Line Access: A CBCT Assessment

    PubMed Central

    Farhad Mollashahi, Narges; Sohrabi, Mahdi; Farhad Mollashahi, Leila; Mehdizadeh, Mojdeh

    2014-01-01

    Introduction: An overlooked but important part of successful root canal treatment is a straight-line access (SLA). The purpose of this in vitro study was to compare the efficacy of IntroFile and PreRaCe rotary instruments with Gates Glidden (GG) drills in gaining SLA by cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). Methods and Materials: A total of forty five extracted mandibular first molars were selected and mounted in dental like arches. Subsequently, they were randomly classified into three groups (n=15). After preparation of a standard access cavity, orifices of the mesiobuccal canal was reached and a #10 file was inserted to explore the canals until the file tip was visible at the apex. Then, preoperative CBCT images were taken. SLA was gained in three groups; group 1, FlexMaster’s IntroFile (FM); group 2, PreRaCe (RC) and group 3, GG. Again, the first binding file at the working length (WL) was placed in the canal and postoperative CBCT images in similar positions were taken. The pre/post operative morphology of the canal was evaluated for changes. Data was analyzed using the one-way ANOVA and post-hoc Bonferroni analysis. Results: The average amount of reduction in coronal canal curvature in FM, RC and GG groups was 2.43±1.79, 3.17±2.05 and 8.7±3.45, respectively. This descending trend was statistically significant. The difference between pre/post SLA changes in FM and RC groups was significant compared to GG group, while there were no significant differences between RC and FM. Conclusion: GG drills produced extraordinary results in reducing coronal curvature of the canal and achieving SLA. They are also more effective than nickel-titanium (NiTi) rotary instruments in canals with coronal curvature. PMID:25031594

  10. A Passive EMI Filter with Access to the Ungrounded Motor Neutral Line-Its Effect on Eliminating Leakage Current from the Inverter Heat Sink-

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Doumoto, Takafumi; Akagi, Hirofumi

    This paper deals with a leakage current flowing out of the heat sink of a voltage-source PWM inverter. The heat-sink leakage current is caused by a steep change in the common-mode voltage produced by the inverter. It flows through parasitic capacitors between the heat sink and power semiconductor devices when no EMI filter is connected. Experimental results reveal that the heat-sink leakage current flows not into the supply side, but into the motor side. These understandings succeed in describing an equivalent common-mode circuit taking the parasitic capacitors into account. The authors have proposed a passive EMI filter that is unique in access to the ungrounded motor neutral line. It is discussed from this equivalent circuit that the passive EMI filter is effective in preventing the leakage current from flowing. Moreover, installation of another small-sized common-mode inductor at the ac side of the diode rectifier prevents the leakage current from flowing into the supply side. Experimental results obtained from a 200-V, 3.7-kW laboratory system confirm the effectiveness and viability of the EMI filter.

  11. Determination of bile acids in human serum by on-line restricted access material-ultra high-performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry.

    PubMed

    Bentayeb, K; Batlle, R; Sánchez, C; Nerín, C; Domeño, C

    2008-06-15

    This paper describes a new, fully automated on-line method combining restricted access material (RAM) extraction and ultra high-performance liquid chromatography (UHPLC) with mass spectrometric (MS) detection for determining congeners of bile acids (BAs) in human serum. In this method, low-pressure RAM and high-pressure UHPLC-MS are hyphenated by using a 2.5-mL loop-type interface. The compatibility problem between the large volume (1.2mL) of strong solvent (methanol) used for RAM elution and the need for a weak solvent in UHPLC injection has been addressed by using an auxiliary pre-column cross-flow of 0.1% aqueous formic acid. In this way, the complete 2.5mL loop volume can be injected into the UHPLC system, thereby maximizing sensitivity while maintaining good chromatographic performance. The optimised method allows the simultaneous analysis of 13 bile acids in a single run, including glycine- and taurine-conjugated bile acids, cholic acid (CA), deoxycholic acid (DCA), chenodeoxycholic acid (CDCA), ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA), and litocholic acid. The complete analysis of a 100-microL single serum sample is performed in 30 min, providing detection limits in the pg range (corresponding with clinically relevant concentration levels) for all of the analytes except lithocholic acid, intra-day precision values (%R.S.D.) below 4% (except ursodeoxycholic acid) and inter-day precision lower than 15% (except ursodeoxycholic, glycoursodeoxycholic acid (GUDCA) and lithocholic acid). PMID:18514045

  12. Basic Performance of a Logic Intellectual Property Compatible Embedded Dynamic Random Access Memory with Cylinder Capacitors in Low-k/Cu Back End on the Line Layers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kume, Ippei; Inoue, Naoya; Hijioka, Ken'ichiro; Kawahara, Jun; Takeda, Kouichi; Furutake, Naoya; Shirai, Hiroki; Kazama, Kenya; Kuwabara, Shin'ichi; Watarai, Msasatoshi; Sakoh, Takashi; Takahashi, Takafumi; Ogura, Takashi; Taiji, Toshiji; Kasama, Yoshiko; Sakamoto, Misato; Hane, Masami; Hayashi, Yoshihiro

    2012-02-01

    We have confirmed the basic performance of a new logic intellectual property (IP) compatible (LIC) embedded dynamic random access memory (eDRAM) with cylinder capacitors in the low-k/Cu back end on the line (BEOL) layers. The LIC-eDRAM reduces the contact (CT) height, or essentially the RC delays due to the parasitic component to the contact. By circuit simulation, a 28-nm-node LIC-eDRAM with the reduced CT height controls the logic delay with Δτd < 5% to that of 28-nm-node standard complementary metal oxide semiconductor (CMOS) logics, enabling us ensure the logic IP compatibility. This was confirmed also by a 40-nm-node LIC-eDRAM test-chip fabricated. The 40-nm-node inverter delays in the test-chip were controlled actually within Δτd < 5%, referred to those of a pure-CMOS logic LSI. Meanwhile the retention time of the DRAM macro was in the range of milliseconds, which has no difference to that of a conventional eDRAM with a capacitor-on-bitline (COB) structure. The LIC-eDRAM is one type of BEOL memory on standard CMOS devices, and is sustainable for widening eDRAM applications combined with a variety of leading-edge CMOS logic IPs, especially beyond 28-nm-nodes.

  13. Can Smartphones Enhance Telephone-Based Cognitive Assessment (TBCA)?

    PubMed Central

    Kwan, Rick Yiu-Cho; Lai, Claudia Kam-Yuk

    2013-01-01

    TBCA has emerged to solve the limitations of administering cognitive assessments face-to-face. The recent development of telephones and knowledge advances in the area of cognitive impairment may affect the development of TBCA. The purpose of this paper is to discuss how smartphones can be used to enhance the applicability of TBCA, which has previously been administered by conventional telephone. This paper will first review, describe and critique the existing TBCA instruments. It will then discuss the recent developments in tele-technology, the popularity of tele-technology among the elderly, potential benefits and challenges in using smartphones for cognitive assessment, and possible future developments in this technology. In the systematic review, eighteen TBCA instruments were identified. They were found to be valid in differentiating between people with and without dementia. TBCA was previously found to be launched on a conventional telephone platform. The advances in understanding of cognitive impairment may demand that telephones be equipped with more advanced features. Recently, the development and penetration of smartphones among the elderly has been rapid. This may allow the smartphone to enhance its TBCA applicability by overcoming the limitations of the conventional telephone, rendering the TBCA more efficient in addressing the increasing demand and complexity of cognitive assessments in the future. However, more research and technology developments are needed before smartphones can become a valid platform for TBCA. PMID:24351736

  14. Telephone Conversation Impairs Sustained Visual Attention Via A Central Bottleneck

    PubMed Central

    Kunar, Melina A.; Carter, Randall; Cohen, Michael; Horowitz, Todd S.

    2009-01-01

    Recent research has shown that telephone conversations disrupt driving ability. We asked whether this effect could be attributed to a visual attention impairment. In Experiment 1, participants conversed on a telephone or listened to a narrative while engaged in multiple object tracking (MOT), a task requiring sustained visual attention. We found that MOT was disrupted in the telephone conversation condition, relative to single-task MOT performance, while listening to a narrative had no effect. In Experiment 2, we asked which component of conversation might be interfering with MOT performance. We replicated the conversation and single-task conditions of Experiment 1. We added two conditions in which participants heard a sequence of words over the telephone. In the shadowing condition, participants simply repeated each word in the sequence. In the generation condition, participants were asked to generate a new word based on each word in the sequence. Word generation interfered with MOT performance, while shadowing did not. The data indicate that telephone conversation disrupts attention at a central stage, the act of generating verbal stimuli, rather than at a peripheral stage such as listening or speaking. PMID:19001580

  15. Reliability of the Blessed Telephone Information-Memory-Concentration Test.

    PubMed

    Kawas, C; Karagiozis, H; Resau, L; Corrada, M; Brookmeyer, R

    1995-10-01

    In-person cognitive evaluations can be costly and labor intensive in geographically widespread populations. Reliable telephone instruments that screen for cognitive status would greatly facilitate epidemiologic and other longitudinal studies. We evaluated the reliability of the Blessed Information-Memory-Concentration (IMC) test when administered by telephone. Eighty-four subjects with a wide range of cognitive abilities were administered the Blessed IMC twice over a 3-week interval. Forty-nine of the subjects were administered the test both by telephone and in-person, and 35 of the subjects were tested twice by telephone. Spearman's rank correlation was used to compare scores of the different administrations (.96; P < .001) and to examine test-retest reliability (.96; P < .001). The Blessed Telephone IMC (TIMC) test exhibits excellent reliability both when compared to in-person administration as well as in test-retest results. The Blessed TIMC appears to be a practical instrument for population and longitudinal studies when in-person assessment is not feasible. PMID:8561839

  16. Measurement of low frequency magnetic fields from digital cellular telephones

    SciTech Connect

    Linde, T.; Mild, K.H.

    1997-05-01

    All previous discussions about possible health effects in connection with the use of digital cellular telephones have been focused on the microwaves. However, the pulsed transmitting mode causes pulsed currents in the phone and the battery pack, which give rise to concomitant magnetic fields. Digital cellular telephones using the GSM (Global System for Mobile Communication) transmit information in bursts of microwaves. This pulsed transmitting mode causes the battery current and currents in the electronics of the apparatus to be pulsed. These pulsed currents produce corresponding pulsed magnetic fields near the phones. A study to determine the magnitude of these fields involved two models of digital telephones. The highest value of the magnetic flux density was 1.8 {micro}T (rms).

  17. Calling(sup SM) network: A global telephone utility

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tuck, Edward F.; Patterson, David P.; Stuart, James R.; Lawrence, Mark H.

    There is a very large demand for basic telephone service in developing nations and remote parts of industrialized nations, which cannot be met by conventional wireline and cellular systems. This is the world's largest unserved market. We describe a system which uses recent advances in active phased arrays, fast-packet switching technology, adaptive routing, and light spacecraft technology, in part based on the work of the Jet Propulsion Laboratory and on recently-declassified work done on the Strategic Defense Initiative, to make it possible to address this market with a global telephone network based on a large low-Earth-orbit constellation of identical satellites. A telephone utility can use such a network to provide the same modern basic and enhanced telephone services offered by telephone utilities in the urban centers of fully-industrialized nations. Economies of scale permit capital and operating costs per subscriber low enough to provide service to all subscribers, regardless of location, at prices comparable to the same services in urban areas of industrialized nations, while generating operating profits great enough to attract the capital needed for its construction. The bandwidth needed to support the capacity needed to gain those economies of scale require that the system use Ka-band frequencies. This choice of frequencies places unusual constraints on the network design, and in particular forces the use of a large number of satellites. Global demand for basic and enhanced telephone service is great enough to support at least three networks of the size described herein. The volume of advanced components, and services such as launch services, required to construct and replace these networks is sufficient to propel certain industries to market leadership positions in the early 21st century.

  18. Automated Telephone Calls Improved Completion of Fecal Occult Blood Testing

    PubMed Central

    Mosen, David M.; Feldstein, Adrianne C.; Perrin, Nancy; Rosales, A. Gabriela; Smith, David H.; Liles, Elizabeth G.; Schneider, Jennifer L.; Lafata, Jennifer E.; Myers, Ronald E.; Kositch, Michael; Hickey, Thomas; Glasgow, Russell E.

    2013-01-01

    BACKGROUND Although colorectal cancer (CRC) prognosis is improved by early diagnosis, screening rates remain low. OBJECTIVE To determine the effect of an automated telephone intervention on completion of fecal occult blood testing (FOBT). RESEARCH DESIGN Subjects In this randomized controlled trial conducted at Kaiser Permanente Northwest, a not-for-profit health maintenance organization, 5,905 eligible patients aged 51–80, at average risk for CRC and due for CRC screening, were randomly assigned to an automated telephone intervention (n=2,943) or usual care (UC; n=2,962). The intervention group received up to 3 one-minute automated telephone calls that provided a description and health benefits of FOBT. During the call, patients could request that an FOBT kit be mailed to their home. Those who requested but did not return the cards received an automated reminder call. Measures Cox proportional hazard method was used to determine the independent effect of automated telephone calls on completion of an FOBT, after adjusting for age, gender, and prior CRC screening. RESULTS By 6 months post call initiation, 22.5% in the intervention and 16.0% in UC had completed an FOBT. Those in the intervention group were significantly more likely to complete an FOBT (HR = 1.31, 95% CI = 1.10–1.56) compared to UC. Older patients (aged 71–80 vs. aged 51–60) were also more likely to complete FOBT (HR = 1.48, 95% CI=1.07–2.04). CONCLUSIONS Automated telephone calls increased completion of FOBT. Further research is needed to evaluate automated telephone interventions among diverse populations and in other clinical settings. PMID:20508529

  19. Surveying alcohol and other drug use through telephone sampling: a comparison of landline and mobile phone samples

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Telephone surveys based on samples of landline telephone numbers are widely used to measure the prevalence of health risk behaviours such as smoking, drug use and alcohol consumption. An increasing number of households are relying solely on mobile telephones, creating a potential bias for population estimates derived from landline-based sampling frames which do not incorporate mobile phone numbers. Studies in the US have identified significant differences between landline and mobile telephone users in smoking and alcohol consumption, but there has been little work in other settings or focussed on illicit drugs. Methods This study examined Australian prevalence estimates of cannabis use, tobacco smoking and risky alcohol consumption based on samples selected using a dual-frame (mobile and landline) approach. Respondents from the landline sample were compared both to the overall mobile sample (including respondents who had access to a landline) and specifically to respondents who lived in mobile-only households. Bivariate comparisons were complemented with multivariate logistic regression models, controlling for the effects of basic demographic variables. Results The landline sample reported much lower prevalence of tobacco use, cannabis use and alcohol consumption than the mobile samples. Once demographic variables were adjusted for, there were no significant differences between the landline and mobile respondents on any of the alcohol measures examined. In contrast, the mobile samples had significantly higher rates of cannabis and tobacco use, even after adjustment. Weighted estimates from the dual-frame sample were generally higher than the landline sample across all substances, but only significantly higher for tobacco use. Conclusions Landline telephone surveys in Australia are likely to substantially underestimate the prevalence of tobacco smoking by excluding potential respondents who live in mobile-only households. In contrast, estimates of alcohol

  20. Randomized Noninferiority Trial of Telephone Versus In-Person Genetic Counseling for Hereditary Breast and Ovarian Cancer

    PubMed Central

    Schwartz, Marc D.; Valdimarsdottir, Heiddis B.; Peshkin, Beth N.; Mandelblatt, Jeanne; Nusbaum, Rachel; Huang, An-Tsun; Chang, Yaojen; Graves, Kristi; Isaacs, Claudine; Wood, Marie; McKinnon, Wendy; Garber, Judy; McCormick, Shelley; Kinney, Anita Y.; Luta, George; Kelleher, Sarah; Leventhal, Kara-Grace; Vegella, Patti; Tong, Angie; King, Lesley

    2014-01-01

    Purpose Although guidelines recommend in-person counseling before BRCA1/BRCA2 gene testing, genetic counseling is increasingly offered by telephone. As genomic testing becomes more common, evaluating alternative delivery approaches becomes increasingly salient. We tested whether telephone delivery of BRCA1/2 genetic counseling was noninferior to in-person delivery. Patients and Methods Participants (women age 21 to 85 years who did not have newly diagnosed or metastatic cancer and lived within a study site catchment area) were randomly assigned to usual care (UC; n = 334) or telephone counseling (TC; n = 335). UC participants received in-person pre- and post-test counseling; TC participants completed all counseling by telephone. Primary outcomes were knowledge, satisfaction, decision conflict, distress, and quality of life; secondary outcomes were equivalence of BRCA1/2 test uptake and costs of delivering TC versus UC. Results TC was noninferior to UC on all primary outcomes. At 2 weeks after pretest counseling, knowledge (d = 0.03; lower bound of 97.5% CI, −0.61), perceived stress (d = −0.12; upper bound of 97.5% CI, 0.21), and satisfaction (d = −0.16; lower bound of 97.5% CI, −0.70) had group differences and confidence intervals that did not cross their 1-point noninferiority limits. Decision conflict (d = 1.1; upper bound of 97.5% CI, 3.3) and cancer distress (d = −1.6; upper bound of 97.5% CI, 0.27) did not cross their 4-point noninferiority limit. Results were comparable at 3 months. TC was not equivalent to UC on BRCA1/2 test uptake (UC, 90.1%; TC, 84.2%). TC yielded cost savings of $114 per patient. Conclusion Genetic counseling can be effectively and efficiently delivered via telephone to increase access and decrease costs. PMID:24449235

  1. Proportional Data Rate Fairness Resource Allocation for MIMO-OFDM Multiple Access Channel by Considering the Correlation Effect of Line of Sight and Non Line of Sight Channel Conditions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Maung, Sann Maw; Sasase, Iwao

    In the MIMO-OFDM multiple access channel (MIMO-OFDM-MAC) uplink scenario, the base station decides the uplink parameters for multiple users based on channel state information (CSI) from each user in the system. The performance of MIMO-OFDM-MAC systems can be significantly improved by using an adaptive transmission and resource allocation schemes which consider the correlation effect of line of sight (LOS) and non line of sight (NLOS) channel conditions for different users in the system. A lot of papers have been published on resource allocation schemes for MIMO-OFDM systems. However, most of these resource allocation schemes have been considered for MIMO-OFDMA systems, where users are separated in the frequency domain and each user uses the same uplink and downlink channels in the same channel conditions. On the other hand, in the mulituser MIMO-OFDM systems, more than one user can be assigned the same frequency and channel conditions for the MIMO-OFDM broadcast channel (downlink) and MIMO-OFDM-MAC channel (uplink) are not the same. Therefore, the same resource allocation schemes for the conventional MIMO-OFDM systems can not be applied to multiuser MIMO-OFDM systems with different uplink and downlink channel conditions. Until now, most of the resource allocation schemes have been considered only for downlink MIMO-OFDM broadcast (MIMO-OFDM-BC) channel and very few papers tackle the fairness among users. Moreover, no paper considers a scheme to realize proportional data rate fairness among users in the MIMO-OFDM-MAC condition. In this paper, we propose a proportional data rate fairness resource allocation scheme with adaptive bit loading for MIMO-ODFM-MAC systems by considering the correlation effects of LOS and NLOS channel conditions in both spatial and frequency domains. Computer simulation results show that the proposed scheme can give larger system capacity while maintaining the proportional data rate fairness requirements among users in the system under the

  2. A force field evaluation tool for telephone service in ambulatory health care.

    PubMed

    da Silva, V L; Steinberg, B

    1991-10-01

    The tool presented here is useful in analyzing the constraints and capabilities of a health care telephone service. It also provides a systematic method for assessing systems problems. As part of our analysis, we recommended that the manager implement the following steps. First, the manager determines whether the driving force on the unit is continuity of care by an individual provider or consistency of response. This focus directly affects how the unit's telephone service can be best organized (i.e., decentralized or centralized) and clarifies the factors most needed for success. For example, to function effectively and efficiently, a centralized phone service needs strong provider-endorsed protocols. Second, the manager should carefully examine neutral constraint factors to determine methods to transform these constraints into capabilities, such as planning for extra staff or office hours (or both) during influenza season. Planning for extra hours or staff depends largely on whether budget and resource planning is done in advance and whether value is placed on customer access and satisfaction during peak demand periods. The manager must next determine whether the service delivery format (centralized or decentralized) is consistent with the force field analysis findings. If the findings are not consistent, can the analysis present a compelling argument for using the opposite approach? Finally, the manager must create a plan of action for minimizing the constraints revealed and maximizing existing capabilities to achieve the overall goal of excellent phone service. The process of analysis and creating a plan of action is an excellent opportunity to involve staff, providers, and administrators in efforts to achieve better health care telephone service for all customers. PMID:10112997

  3. All in One Stop? The Accessibility of Work Support Programs at One-Stop Centers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Richer, Elise; Kubo, Hitomi; Frank, Abbey

    The accessibility of work support programs at one-stop centers was examined in a study during which 33 telephone directors or managers of one-stop centers in 22 states were interviewed by telephone. The interviews established the existence of extensive differences between one-stop centers from the standpoint of all aspects of their operation,…

  4. Barriers to Accessing Services for Young Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williams, Marian E.; Perrigo, Judith L.; Banda, Tanya Y.; Matic, Tamara; Goldfarb, Fran D.

    2013-01-01

    This study investigates barriers to accessing services for children under age 3 presenting with language delays and behavioral difficulties, including language barriers for Spanish-speaking families. Using a telephone script, researchers called 30 agencies in Los Angeles County, including regional centers (the state network of Part C agencies for…

  5. Stratified random sampling plan for an irrigation customer telephone survey

    SciTech Connect

    Johnston, J.W.; Davis, L.J.

    1986-05-01

    This report describes the procedures used to design and select a sample for a telephone survey of individuals who use electricity in irrigating agricultural cropland in the Pacific Northwest. The survey is intended to gather information on the irrigated agricultural sector that will be useful for conservation assessment, load forecasting, rate design, and other regional power planning activities.

  6. Handling Stress: An Evaluation Program for Telephone Crisis Workers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harnisch, Patricia; Bechtold, Bob

    The comparative validity of observations recorded by volunteer telephone crisis workers was examined. To assess workers' listening and response skills, an instrument was devised to rate callers' expressed stress level, confidence in self, confidence in using other community resources, and duration of stress. Groups of 10 workers were invited to…

  7. Reading Area Community College Community Needs Assessment Telephone Survey.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reading Area Community Coll., PA.

    A telephone survey was conducted in 1981 at Reading Area Community College (RACC) to determine the educational needs of the community, particularly those of prospective students and employers. More specifically, the study sought to determine how the Berks County community perceived the quality of education provided at RACC and to ascertain the…

  8. 49 CFR 1018.21 - Telephone inquiries and investigations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Telephone inquiries and investigations. 1018.21 Section 1018.21 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) SURFACE TRANSPORTATION BOARD, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION GENERAL RULES AND REGULATIONS DEBT COLLECTION...

  9. A Paradigm for the Telephonic Assessment of Suicidal Ideation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Halderman, Brent L.; Eyman, James R.; Kerner, Lisa; Schlacks, Bill

    2009-01-01

    A three-stage paradigm for telephonically assessing suicidal risk and triaging suicidal callers as practiced in an Employee Assistance Program Call Center was investigated. The first hypothesis was that the use of the procedure would increase the probability that callers would accept the clinician's recommendations, evidenced by fewer police…

  10. Adversarial Growth in Telephone Counsellors: Psychological and Environmental Influences

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Sullivan, Julian; Whelan, Thomas A.

    2011-01-01

    The aims of this study were to investigate the level of adversarial growth among telephone counsellors, and to examine the influence of psychological and environmental factors on growth. In particular, the effect of compassion fatigue, empathy, environmental support and calls per shift on posttraumatic growth was assessed. Sixty-four telephone…

  11. View northwest of model board; telephone communications with interlock towers ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    View northwest of model board; telephone communications with interlock towers and substations was maintained using the switchboard at the photograph's lower left of center; switchboard console #1 for controlling indicating lights is at lower left of the photograph - Thirtieth Street Station, Power Director Center, Thirtieth & Market Streets in Amtrak Railroad Station, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA

  12. Talkback Telephone Network: Techniques of Providing Library Continuing Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wender, Ruth W.

    1983-01-01

    Describes techniques developed for providing continuing education to individuals solving medical reference requests over a telephone teleconference network linking library personnel in nonurban public libraries, systems libraries, and small hospital libraries. Background, project aims, and teleconferencing techniques, including their advantages,…

  13. Teaching Selected Telephone Related Social Skills to Severely Handicapped Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Neitupski, John; Williams, Wes

    1976-01-01

    A program was developed for teaching severely handicapped students the skills necessary for appropriate interaction with their peers via the telephone and to initiate and receive requests to engage in social interactions across many social situations. Instructional procedures used were modeling, priming, chaining of responses and rehearsal. (MS)

  14. 78 FR 9677 - Notice of Telephonic Prehearing Conference

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-11

    ...Notice of telephonic prehearing conference for the consolidated case: In the Matter of MAXFIELD AND OBERTON HOLDINGS, LLC; ZEN MAGNETS, LLC; and STAR NETWORKS USA, LLC; CPSC Docket No. 12-1; CPSC Docket No. 12-2; and CPSC Docket No....

  15. The Future of the Telephone Industry; 1970-1985.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baran, Paul; Lipinski, Andrew J.

    Projections about the growth of the telephone industry from 1970-1985 were made from forecasts of five panels of experts, in five areas: (1) the regulatory environment; (2) changes in U.S. society; (3) existing networks and services; (4) future networks and services; (5) future characteristics of the labor force and employee-management relations.…

  16. Sampling for Telephone Surveys: Do the Results Depend on Technique?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Franz, Jennifer D.

    Two basic methods exist for drawing probability samples to be used in telephone surveys: directory sampling (from alphabetical or street directories) and random digit dialing (RDD). RDD includes unlisted numbers, whereas directory sampling includes only listed numbers. The goal of this paper is to estimate the effect of failure to include…

  17. 15. INTERIOR OF DINING ROOM SHOWING RECESSED TELEPHONE ALCOVE IN ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    15. INTERIOR OF DINING ROOM SHOWING RECESSED TELEPHONE ALCOVE IN PARTION WALL BETWEEN LIVING ROOM AND DINING ROOM AT PHOTO RIGHT CENTER. OPEN DOOR AT PHOTO LEFT CENTER LEADS TO BEDROOM NO.2. VIEW TO NORTH. - Bishop Creek Hydroelectric System, Plant 4, Worker Cottage, Bishop Creek, Bishop, Inyo County, CA

  18. Telephone Equipment Installation and Repair Specialist (AFSC 36254).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Air Univ., Gunter AFS, Ala. Extension Course Inst.

    This document contains the four volumes of an Air Force correspondence course in telephone equipment installation and repair. Each volume consists of student learning objectives, information, exercises, and answers to exercises; a volume review exercise is included for each volume. The first volume includes information about career field duties…

  19. 7 CFR 1737.60 - Telephone loan budget.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Telephone Bank (RTB) or concurrently with RTB, the budget shall include the amount required for the purchase of RTB Class B stock. This is 5 percent of the amount to be borrowed from RTB for all purposes other than the purchase of RTB Class B stock. The borrower may elect to use nonloan funds for all or part...

  20. 7 CFR 1737.60 - Telephone loan budget.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Telephone Bank (RTB) or concurrently with RTB, the budget shall include the amount required for the purchase of RTB Class B stock. This is 5 percent of the amount to be borrowed from RTB for all purposes other than the purchase of RTB Class B stock. The borrower may elect to use nonloan funds for all or part...

  1. NETWORK. A History of the Scottish Telephone Referral Service.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Vernon

    Since its beginnings in 1974 as an outgrowth of the BBC Adult Literacy project, NETWORK SCOTLAND LTD (formerly the Scottish Telephone Referral Service) has grown to play a key role in the provision of broadcast support and educational information services in the United Kingdom. The referral service was originally established to provide a mechanism…

  2. Electrocardiograph transmitted by RF and telephone links in emergency situations

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Carpenter, L. R.; Lewis, C. E., Jr.; Mc Donald, R. T.

    1968-01-01

    Electrocardiograph of an injured human subject is transmitted by RF and telephone links from the ambulance at the emergency scene, to the hospital emergency facilities. This system eliminates delay in the diagnosis of required therapy, thereby enhancing emergency and rescue operations.

  3. 41 CFR 105-53.120 - Address and telephone numbers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Address and telephone numbers. 105-53.120 Section 105-53.120 Public Contracts and Property Management Federal Property Management Regulations System (Continued) GENERAL SERVICES ADMINISTRATION 53-STATEMENT OF ORGANIZATION...

  4. Cellular Telephone Use: A Survey of College Business Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Braguglia, Kay H.

    2008-01-01

    Whether it is hand held, in a pocket, on a backpack, clipped to a belt, or hidden in a brief case or purse, college students and cellular telephones go together. Communication with fellow students, professors, parents, and everyone else is just a click away. While walking across campus and down the halls of academic buildings, cellular telephones…

  5. A Functional Approach to Discourse: Interactional vs. Transactional Telephone Conversations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sun, Hao

    A study examined the validity of the distinction between interactional language, used to express social relations and personal attitudes, and transactional language, which conveys factual or prepositional information and is message oriented, within and across languages and cultures. Data were drawn from natural telephone conversations of three…

  6. The Politics of Implementing a Touch-Tone Telephone Registration.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Joss, Ruth

    1988-01-01

    Touch-tone telephone/voice response registration is an exciting and effective use of advanced technology in college management, but the transition to the system must be well planned, the needs of all users considered, good compromises sought, and faculty and students convinced it will work. Then it must be successful. (Author/MSE)

  7. 76 FR 60765 - Mail or Telephone Order Merchandise Rule

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-30

    ... Trade Regulation Rule, 40 FR 49492-94 (Oct. 22, 1975); Federal Trade Commission: Part 435--Mail Order Merchandise: Promulgation of Trade Regulation Rule: Correction, 40 FR 51582-597 (Nov. 5, 1975) (``Promulgation... Regulation Rule; Mail or Telephone Order Merchandise: Final Trade Regulation Rule, 58 FR 49096, 49097...

  8. Telephone Communication for the Deaf: Speech Indicator Manual.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones, Ray L.

    The instructional manual is designed to accompany the Speech Indicator, a small, portable, economical ($15) device for deaf persons for telephone communication (available from Leadership Training Program in the Area of the Deaf, San Fernando State College). The device indicates when the other party speaks, not what he says. A topic outline and…

  9. Telco maintenance (room 228) looking south into the telephone equipment ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Telco maintenance (room 228) looking south into the telephone equipment room (room 227). Note workbench in left corner, lighting fixtures, and air handling ducts - March Air Force Base, Strategic Air Command, Combat Operations Center, 5220 Riverside Drive, Moreno Valley, Riverside County, CA

  10. Automated Telephone Screening Survey for Depression on a University Campus.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Portnoy, Robert N.

    On college and university campuses across the United States, depression has taken a huge toll on the academic and personal productivity of students, faculty, and staff. The results of a university's automated telephone screening survey for depression are reported here. Callers were recruited through a variety of media, including advertising and…

  11. 41 CFR 105-53.120 - Address and telephone numbers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Address and telephone numbers. 105-53.120 Section 105-53.120 Public Contracts and Property Management Federal Property Management Regulations System (Continued) GENERAL SERVICES ADMINISTRATION 53-STATEMENT OF ORGANIZATION...

  12. Telecommunications Policy Research Conference. Impacts of Telephone Deregulation Section. Papers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Telecommunications Policy Research Conference, Inc., Washington, DC.

    Three papers consider various aspects of the AT&T (American Telephone and Telegraph Company) court-ordered divestiture. The first paper, "InterLATA Toll Alternatives for the Bell Regional Holding Companies" (Elizabeth A. La Blanc, Ann M. Wolf, and Richard M. Wolf), examines six options available to the RHCs (regional holding companies) for…

  13. Tumour risk associated with use of cellular telephones or cordless desktop telephones

    PubMed Central

    Hardell, Lennart; Mild, Kjell Hansson; Carlberg, Michael; Söderqvist, Fredrik

    2006-01-01

    Background The use of cellular and cordless telephones has increased dramatically during the last decade. There is concern of health problems such as malignant diseases due to microwave exposure during the use of these devices. The brain is the main target organ. Methods Since the second part of the 1990's we have performed six case-control studies on this topic encompassing use of both cellular and cordless phones as well as other exposures. Three of the studies concerned brain tumours, one salivary gland tumours, one non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) and one testicular cancer. Exposure was assessed by self-administered questionnaires. Results Regarding acoustic neuroma analogue cellular phones yielded odds ratio (OR) = 2.9, 95 % confidence interval (CI) = 2.0–4.3, digital cellular phones OR = 1.5, 95 % CI = 1.1–2.1 and cordless phones OR = 1.5, 95 % CI = 1.04–2.0. The corresponding results were for astrocytoma grade III-IV OR = 1.7, 95 % CI = 1.3–2.3; OR = 1.5, 95 % CI = 1.2–1.9 and OR = 1.5, 95 % CI = 1.1–1.9, respectively. The ORs increased with latency period with highest estimates using > 10 years time period from first use of these phone types. Lower ORs were calculated for astrocytoma grade I-II. No association was found with salivary gland tumours, NHL or testicular cancer although an association with NHL of T-cell type could not be ruled out. Conclusion We found for all studied phone types an increased risk for brain tumours, mainly acoustic neuroma and malignant brain tumours. OR increased with latency period, especially for astrocytoma grade III-IV. No consistent pattern of an increased risk was found for salivary gland tumours, NHL, or testicular cancer. PMID:17034627

  14. Easing reintegration: telephone support groups for spouses of returning Iraq and Afghanistan service members.

    PubMed

    Nichols, Linda Olivia; Martindale-Adams, Jennifer; Graney, Marshall J; Zuber, Jeffrey; Burns, Robert

    2013-01-01

    Spouses of returning Iraq (Operation Iraqi Freedom, OIF) and Afghanistan (Operation Enduring Freedom, OEF) military service members report increased depression and anxiety post deployment as they work to reintegrate the family and service member. Reconnecting the family, renegotiating roles that have shifted, reestablishing communication patterns, and dealing with mental health concerns are all tasks that spouses must undertake as part of reintegration. We tested telephone support groups focusing on helping spouses with these basic reintegration tasks. Year-long telephone support groups focused on education, skills building (communication skills, problem solving training, cognitive behavioral techniques, stress management), and support. Spouse depression and anxiety were decreased and perceived social support was increased during the course of the study. In subgroup analyses, spouses with husbands whose injuries caused care difficulties had a positive response to the intervention. However, they were more likely to be depressed, be anxious, and have less social support compared to participants who had husbands who had no injury or whose injury did not cause care difficulty. Study findings suggest that this well-established, high-access intervention can help improve quality of life for military spouses who are struggling with reintegration of the service member and family. PMID:24134192

  15. Time delays and capability of elderly to activate speaker function for continuous telephone CPR

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Telephone-CPR (T-CPR) can increase rate of bystander CPR as well as CPR quality. Instructions for T-CPR were developed when most callers used a land line. Telephones today are often wireless and can be brought to the patient. They often have speaker function which further allows the rescuer to receive instructions while performing CPR. We wanted to measure adult lay people’s ability to activate the speaker function on their own mobile phone. Methods Elderly lay people, previously trained in CPR, were contacted by telephone. Participants with speaker function experience were asked to activate this without further instructions, while participants with no experience were given instructions on how to activate it. Participants were divided in three groups; Group 1: Can activate the speaker function without instruction, Group 2: Can activate the speaker function with instruction, and Group 3: Unable to activate the speaker function. Time to activation for group 1 and 2 was compared using Mann-Whitney U-test. Results Seventy-two elderly lay people, mean age 68 ± 6 years participated in the study. Thirty-five (35)% of the participants were able to activate the speaker function without instructions, 29% with instructions and 36% were unable to activate the speaker function. The median time to activate the speaker function was 8s and 93s, with and without instructions, respectively (p < 0.01). Conclusion One-third of the elderly could activate speaker function quickly, and two-third either used a long time or could not activate the function. PMID:23676015

  16. 16 CFR 308.6 - Access to information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Access to information. 308.6 Section 308.6... RULE PURSUANT TO THE TELEPHONE DISCLOSURE AND DISPUTE RESOLUTION ACT OF 1992 § 308.6 Access to information. Any common carrier that provides telecommunication services to any provider of...

  17. 28 CFR 551.117 - Access to legal resources.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Access to legal resources. 551.117... MISCELLANEOUS Pretrial Inmates § 551.117 Access to legal resources. (a) The Warden shall provide the opportunity... the inmate's request, to telephone the inmate's attorney as often as resources of the...

  18. 16 CFR 308.6 - Access to information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Access to information. 308.6 Section 308.6... RULE PURSUANT TO THE TELEPHONE DISCLOSURE AND DISPUTE RESOLUTION ACT OF 1992 § 308.6 Access to information. Any common carrier that provides telecommunication services to any provider of...

  19. 78 FR 32612 - Medical Diagnostic Equipment Accessibility Standards Advisory Committee

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-31

    ... Accessibility Standards. See 77 FR 6916 (February 9, 2012). The NPRM and information related to the proposed... translation (CART) web streaming link will be posted on the Access Board's Medical Diagnostic Equipment Web..., 1331 F Street NW., suite 1000, Washington, DC 20004- 1111. Telephone number (202) 272-0023...

  20. 28 CFR 551.117 - Access to legal resources.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Access to legal resources. 551.117... MISCELLANEOUS Pretrial Inmates § 551.117 Access to legal resources. (a) The Warden shall provide the opportunity... the inmate's request, to telephone the inmate's attorney as often as resources of the...

  1. 28 CFR 551.117 - Access to legal resources.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Access to legal resources. 551.117... MISCELLANEOUS Pretrial Inmates § 551.117 Access to legal resources. (a) The Warden shall provide the opportunity... the inmate's request, to telephone the inmate's attorney as often as resources of the...

  2. 28 CFR 551.117 - Access to legal resources.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Access to legal resources. 551.117... MISCELLANEOUS Pretrial Inmates § 551.117 Access to legal resources. (a) The Warden shall provide the opportunity... the inmate's request, to telephone the inmate's attorney as often as resources of the...

  3. 10 CFR 1304.105 - Requests for access to records.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Requests for access to records. 1304.105 Section 1304.105 Energy NUCLEAR WASTE TECHNICAL REVIEW BOARD PRIVACY ACT OF 1974 § 1304.105 Requests for access to records. (a) All requests for records should include the following information: (1) Full name, address, and telephone number of requester. (2)...

  4. 29. VIEW OF 4TH FLOOR'S TELEPHONE RACKS WITH CABLE TRAYS ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    29. VIEW OF 4TH FLOOR'S TELEPHONE RACKS WITH CABLE TRAYS ABOVE. THESE ARE NEWER APPARATUS AND NOT ORIGINAL. - Pacific Telephone & Telegraph Company Building, 1519 Franklin Street, Oakland, Alameda County, CA

  5. 77 FR 11529 - Nushagak Electric and Telephone Cooperative, Inc.; Notice of Preliminary Permit Application...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-27

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Nushagak Electric and Telephone Cooperative, Inc.; Notice of Preliminary... Applications On January 25, 2012, the Nushagak Electric and Telephone Cooperative, Inc. filed an application... Contact: Mr. Mike Megli, CEO/General Manager, Nushagak Electric & Telephone Cooperative, Inc., 557...

  6. 10 CFR 15.23 - Telephone or internet inquiries and investigations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Telephone or internet inquiries and investigations. 15.23... Claims § 15.23 Telephone or internet inquiries and investigations. (a) If a debtor has not responded to one or more demands, the NRC shall make reasonable efforts by telephone or internet to determine...

  7. 10 CFR 15.23 - Telephone or internet inquiries and investigations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Telephone or internet inquiries and investigations. 15.23... Claims § 15.23 Telephone or internet inquiries and investigations. (a) If a debtor has not responded to one or more demands, the NRC shall make reasonable efforts by telephone or internet to determine...

  8. 10 CFR 15.23 - Telephone or internet inquiries and investigations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Telephone or internet inquiries and investigations. 15.23... Claims § 15.23 Telephone or internet inquiries and investigations. (a) If a debtor has not responded to one or more demands, the NRC shall make reasonable efforts by telephone or internet to determine...

  9. The next best thing to being there: conducting the clinical research interview by telephone.

    PubMed

    Tausig, J E; Freeman, E W

    1988-07-01

    This methodological commentary explores the utility of the telephone as a medium for collecting sensitive clinical research data. The nature of the clinical interview is discussed, clinical and research literature dealing with use of the telephone is reviewed, and a follow-up study conducted entirely by telephone is described. More rigorous study of this research approach is called for. PMID:3407732

  10. 10 CFR 15.23 - Telephone or internet inquiries and investigations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Telephone or internet inquiries and investigations. 15.23... Claims § 15.23 Telephone or internet inquiries and investigations. (a) If a debtor has not responded to one or more demands, the NRC shall make reasonable efforts by telephone or internet to determine...

  11. 10 CFR 15.23 - Telephone or internet inquiries and investigations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Telephone or internet inquiries and investigations. 15.23... Claims § 15.23 Telephone or internet inquiries and investigations. (a) If a debtor has not responded to one or more demands, the NRC shall make reasonable efforts by telephone or internet to determine...

  12. CTEPP STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURE FOR TELEPHONE SAMPLE SUBJECTS RECRUITMENT (SOP-1.12)

    EPA Science Inventory

    The subject recruitment procedures for the telephone sample component are described in the SOP. A random telephone sample list is ordered from a commercial survey sampling firm. Using this list, introductory letters are sent to targeted homes prior to making initial telephone c...

  13. 47 CFR 64.706 - Minimum standards for the routing and handling of emergency telephone calls.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... of emergency telephone calls. 64.706 Section 64.706 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS... Operator Services § 64.706 Minimum standards for the routing and handling of emergency telephone calls. Upon receipt of any emergency telephone call, providers of operator services and aggregators...

  14. 49 CFR 392.82 - Using a hand-held mobile telephone.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 5 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Using a hand-held mobile telephone. 392.82 Section... COMMERCIAL MOTOR VEHICLES Limiting the Use of Electronic Devices § 392.82 Using a hand-held mobile telephone. (a)(1) No driver shall use a hand-held mobile telephone while driving a CMV. (2) No motor...

  15. 49 CFR 392.82 - Using a hand-held mobile telephone.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 5 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Using a hand-held mobile telephone. 392.82 Section... COMMERCIAL MOTOR VEHICLES Limiting the Use of Electronic Devices § 392.82 Using a hand-held mobile telephone. (a)(1) No driver shall use a hand-held mobile telephone while driving a CMV. (2) No motor...

  16. 49 CFR 392.82 - Using a hand-held mobile telephone.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 5 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Using a hand-held mobile telephone. 392.82 Section... COMMERCIAL MOTOR VEHICLES Limiting the Use of Electronic Devices § 392.82 Using a hand-held mobile telephone. (a)(1) No driver shall use a hand-held mobile telephone while driving a CMV. (2) No motor...

  17. 47 CFR 22.757 - Channels for basic exchange telephone radio systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Channels for basic exchange telephone radio... CARRIER SERVICES PUBLIC MOBILE SERVICES Rural Radiotelephone Service Basic Exchange Telephone Radio Systems § 22.757 Channels for basic exchange telephone radio systems. The channels listed in § 22.725...

  18. 47 CFR 22.757 - Channels for basic exchange telephone radio systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Channels for basic exchange telephone radio... CARRIER SERVICES PUBLIC MOBILE SERVICES Rural Radiotelephone Service Basic Exchange Telephone Radio Systems § 22.757 Channels for basic exchange telephone radio systems. The channels listed in § 22.725...

  19. 47 CFR 22.757 - Channels for basic exchange telephone radio systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Channels for basic exchange telephone radio... CARRIER SERVICES PUBLIC MOBILE SERVICES Rural Radiotelephone Service Basic Exchange Telephone Radio Systems § 22.757 Channels for basic exchange telephone radio systems. The channels listed in § 22.725...

  20. 47 CFR 22.757 - Channels for basic exchange telephone radio systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Channels for basic exchange telephone radio... CARRIER SERVICES PUBLIC MOBILE SERVICES Rural Radiotelephone Service Basic Exchange Telephone Radio Systems § 22.757 Channels for basic exchange telephone radio systems. The channels listed in § 22.725...

  1. 47 CFR 22.757 - Channels for basic exchange telephone radio systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Channels for basic exchange telephone radio... CARRIER SERVICES PUBLIC MOBILE SERVICES Rural Radiotelephone Service Basic Exchange Telephone Radio Systems § 22.757 Channels for basic exchange telephone radio systems. The channels listed in § 22.725...

  2. 47 CFR 64.201 - Restrictions on indecent telephone message services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... services. 64.201 Section 64.201 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) COMMON... Telephone Message Services § 64.201 Restrictions on indecent telephone message services. (a) It is a defense... that calls to this message service be subject to billing notification as an adult telephone...

  3. 47 CFR 64.201 - Restrictions on indecent telephone message services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... services. 64.201 Section 64.201 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) COMMON... Telephone Message Services § 64.201 Restrictions on indecent telephone message services. (a) It is a defense... that calls to this message service be subject to billing notification as an adult telephone...

  4. 47 CFR 64.201 - Restrictions on indecent telephone message services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... services. 64.201 Section 64.201 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) COMMON... Telephone Message Services § 64.201 Restrictions on indecent telephone message services. (a) It is a defense... that calls to this message service be subject to billing notification as an adult telephone...

  5. 47 CFR 64.201 - Restrictions on indecent telephone message services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... services. 64.201 Section 64.201 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) COMMON... Telephone Message Services § 64.201 Restrictions on indecent telephone message services. (a) It is a defense... that calls to this message service be subject to billing notification as an adult telephone...

  6. 47 CFR 64.201 - Restrictions on indecent telephone message services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... services. 64.201 Section 64.201 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) COMMON... Telephone Message Services § 64.201 Restrictions on indecent telephone message services. (a) It is a defense... that calls to this message service be subject to billing notification as an adult telephone...

  7. Learning Ancestral Languages by Telephone: Creating Situations for Language Use.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Taff, Alice

    This paper reports on the progress of a group of adults who have been connecting by telephone to learn to speak Deg Xinag, the language of the Deg Hit'an (Ingalik Athabaskan). The Deg Hit'an are the westernmost of the Athabaskan peoples, living near the confluence of the Yukon and Innoko Rivers in Alaska. Since Deg Xinag speakers, all elders,…

  8. Design, development and trials of an airline passenger telephone system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Schoenenberger, Jim; Mckinlay, Roger

    1988-01-01

    The design, development and trials of a satellite telephone system for airline passengers is described. The requirements for ground and space infrastructure are discussed and the aeronautical system is described. Design criteria for the antennas and avionic boxes are given and system operation and technical flight trial requirements are discussed, together with test methodology and development towards fully commercial trials. Finally, an indication of development requirements to achieve the desired aims of airline users is given.

  9. 11. A view looking south which shows the telephone company ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    11. A view looking south which shows the telephone company disturbance about mid-way along the length of the lock. The 2' white oak cladding and fastening devices can be seen (the gravel ballast is modern). The depth of the silt and water in the lock chamber is approximately 1 1/2'. - Wabash & Erie Canal, Lock No. 2, 8 miles east of Fort Wayne, adjacent to U.S. Route 24, New Haven, Allen County, IN

  10. [The development of ECG trans-telephone popular monitoring system].

    PubMed

    Luo, Q; Fang, Z; Yang, C; Shen, Z

    1997-05-01

    In this essay a new kind of ECG telemetry and monitoring system based on public telephone network is presented, which is able to transfer four channels of ECG of two patients to monitoring center sited at hospital synchronizingly. At the same time doctors may make diagnosis and give instruction for treatment. The system has the functions of real time sample, reviewing, freezing, store, windows, and printing, etc. PMID:11189346

  11. Telephone Enrollment in the VA Healthcare System. Interim final rule.

    PubMed

    2016-03-16

    This rulemaking amends VA's medical regulations to allow veterans to complete applications for health care enrollment by telephone by providing application information to a VA employee, agreeing to VA's provisions regarding copayment liability and assignment of third-party insurance benefits, and attesting to the accuracy and authenticity of the information provided over the phone. This action will make it easier for veterans to apply to enroll and will speed VA processing of applications. PMID:26987128

  12. Faster, Faster! Broadband Access to the Internet.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sheehan, Mark

    1999-01-01

    Defines "plain old telephone service" (POTS) and broadband communication, comparing costs and performance of cable modems with POTS modems. Describes Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN) and digital subscriber line (DSL) services. Discusses broadband wireless and satellite networks. Three sidebars illustrate differences between…

  13. Estimation of the bio-accessible fraction of Cr, As, Cd and Pb in locally available bread using on-line continuous leaching method coupled to inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry.

    PubMed

    Lamsal, Ram P; Beauchemin, Diane

    2015-03-31

    A previously developed, efficient and simple on-line leaching method was used to assess the maximum bio-accessible fraction (assuming no synergistic effect from other food and beverage) of potentially toxic elements (Cr, As, Cd and Pb) in whole wheat brown and white bread samples. Artificial saliva, gastric juice and intestinal juice were successively pumped into a mini-column, packed with bread (maintained at 37 °C) connected on-line to the nebulizer of an inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) instrument equipped with a collision-reaction interface (CRI) using hydrogen as reaction gas to minimize carbon- and chlorine-based polyatomic interferences. In contrast to the conventional batch method to which it was compared, this approach provides real-time monitoring of potentially toxic elements that are continuously released during leaching. Mass balance for both methods was verified at the 95% confidence level. Results obtained from the whole wheat brown and white bread showed that the majority of Cr, Cd and Pb was leached by gastric juice but, in contrast, the majority of As was leached by saliva. While there was higher total content for elements in whole wheat bread than in white bread, a higher percentage of elements were bio-accessible in white bread than in whole wheat bread. Both the on-line and batch methods indicate that 40-98% of toxic elements in bread samples are bio-accessible. While comparison of total analyte concentrations with provisional tolerable daily intake values may indicate some serious health concern for children, when accounting for the bio-accessibility of these elements, bread consumption is found to be safe for all ages. PMID:25813023

  14. Quality of service (QoS) on public telephonic networks for multimedia transmission systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Alvarez-Ballesteros, Salvador; Alvarez-Rangel, Miguel

    2002-11-01

    The object of this paper is to determine which QoS maximum can be obtained by applying commercial telecommunications technology in the transmission of audio and video on public telephone lines and the Internet, procuring to achieve the necessary quality to reach the conditions required on H323. It is certain that the top technology that allows to assure that the QoS is most demanding, are a reality. However, these technologies alone pay off practically under conditions that are not very feasible for formalizing would be of the ambient control of the laboratory. In this work we analyzed the technical problems of the telecommunications that affect the yield of the links for applications of multimedia on the Internet.

  15. An economic analysis of a nurse-led telephone triage service.

    PubMed

    Navratil-Strawn, Jessica L; Ozminkowski, Ronald J; Hartley, Stephen K

    2014-09-01

    Telephone nurse lines help callers to select the most appropriate site and level of care for acute conditions. We examined whether compliance with nurse recommendations was associated with lower average health care expenditure, and identified the employer characteristics associated with higher than average savings. Telephone calls to a nurse-led help line made by commercial health plan members who worked for large employers were identified. The callers' intention before calling and the nurse recommendation regarding site/level of care were recorded. Compliance was determined using medical claims during a 30-day post-call observation period and was based on adherence to nurse recommendations. A total of 132,509 calls during 2012 were identified for the study. Nurse recommendations were that 31% of the callers seek a higher level of care than mentioned at the start of the call, 25% use a lower level of care and 44% pursue their originally intended level of care. After regression-based adjustment, the average medical expenditures were compared between compliers and non-compliers. Overall, 57% of callers were compliant with nurse recommendations. The average expenditures were $328 lower among compliant callers. A logistic regression analysis identified employer characteristics positively associated with achieving higher than average savings. These were having a low employee-to-dependent ratio, a headquarters in the Western region of the US, a low prospective health risk score, and participation by the employer in a targeted communication campaign. Compliance with the triage recommendations resulted in lower average health care expenditures, and several characteristics were positively associated with achieving higher savings. PMID:25059246

  16. 1What do first-time mothers worry about? A study of usage patterns and content of calls made to a postpartum support telephone hotline

    PubMed Central

    2010-01-01

    Background Telephone hotlines designed to address common concerns in the early postpartum could be a useful resource for parents. Our aim was to test the feasibility of using a telephone as an intervention in a randomized controlled trial. We also aimed to test to use of algorithms to address parental concerns through a telephone hotline. Methods Healthy first-time mothers were recruited from postpartum wards of hospitals throughout Lebanon. Participants were given the number of a 24-hour telephone hotline that they could access for the first four months after delivery. Calls were answered by a midwife using algorithms developed by the study team whenever possible. Callers with medical complaints were referred to their physicians. Call patterns and content were recorded and analyzed. Results Eighty-four of the 353 women enrolled (24%) used the hotline. Sixty percent of the women who used the service called more than once, and all callers reported they were satisfied with the service. The midwife received an average of three calls per day and most calls occurred during the first four weeks postpartum. Our algorithms were used to answer questions in 62.8% of calls and 18.6% of calls required referral to a physician. Of the questions related to mothers, 66% were about breastfeeding. Sixty percent of questions related to the infant were about routine care and 23% were about excessive crying. Conclusions Utilization of a telephone hotline service for postpartum support is highest in the first four weeks postpartum. Most questions are related to breastfeeding, routine newborn care, and management of a fussy infant. It is feasible to test a telephone hotline as an intervention in a randomized controlled trial. Algorithms can be developed to provide standardized answers to the most common questions. PMID:20946690

  17. Collaboratory for Research on Electronic Work. Analysis of JSTOR: The Impact on Scholarly Practice of Access to On-Line Journal Archives.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Finholt, Thomas A.; Brooks, JoAnn M.

    This study reports on faculty response to the Journal STORage project (JSTOR), an online system for accessing digital back archives of core journals in history and economics. Data were collected about general journal use, Internet use, and JSTOR use via a survey administered to 160 historians and economists at the University of Michigan and at…

  18. Telephone Accessibility for Individuals with Dual Sensory Impairments: A Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Evers, Paul; Barber, Paul; Wittich, Walter

    2012-01-01

    Rehabilitation efforts for children with congenital dual sensory impairments, or deafblindness, have a long-standing history. Rehabilitation for older people with acquired dual impairments has recently moved to center stage because of the increasing number of clients who require such services (Saunders & Echt, 2007). For both these groups of…

  19. Cellular Telephone as Reservoir of Bacterial Contamination: Myth or Fact

    PubMed Central

    Walia, Satinder S.; Manchanda, Adesh; Narang, Ramandeep S.; N., Anup; Singh, Balwinder; Kahlon, Sukhdeep S.

    2014-01-01

    Objective: To assess bacterial contamination of cellular telephone of dental care personnel, and to determine factors contributing to their contamination. Materials and Methods: A descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted, which included 300 people using a cellular telephone The study group (hundred in each group) comprised of Dental Health Care Personnel (DHCP), In-Hospital Personnel (IHP) and Out-Hospital Personnel (OHP) of a dental college cum hospital. Swab was wiped along the front and all sides of cellular handset and it was incubated in glucose broth. The swab was subplated onto growth media plates made with half Mac Conkey’s agar and half blood agar and allowed to incubate for 48 hours at 37oC. Isolates were tested for antimicrobial susceptibility. Result: The analysis of presence or absence of microorganisms in the DHCP, IHP and OHP group showed no pyogenic growth in 28%, 31% and 41% cases respectively, the distribution of which was not significant (p>.05). Among non potential pathogens, spore bearing gram positive bacilli were seen in 20 cases of DHCP group, 16 cases of IHP group and 17 cases of OHP group; the distribution of which was not significant (p>.05) Among potential pathogens, significant differences were observed in the distribution of growth of Enterobacter (p<.001), Pseudomonas species (p<.05), Acinetobacter bacteria (p<.05) and Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) bacteria (p<.001) between the participants of different groups. Conclusion: Results of this study showed that fomites such as cellular telephones can potentially act as “Trojan horses”, thus causing Hospital-Acquired Infections (HAIs) in the dental setting. PMID:24596722

  20. Radio frequency radiation risk: A study focused on wireless telephones

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Irwin, William Edward, III

    The focus of this dissertation is radio frequency radiation (RFR) from wireless telephony handsets and the risk assessment conducted for purposes of protecting health from this RFR. In the United States, the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) promulgates and enforces occupational and public health exposure limits for wireless telephone handsets. The FCC has relied upon the risk assessment of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) Standards Coordinating Committee 28 (SCC-28) in crafting these exposure limits. Using qualitative research methods of policy analysis, the procedures used by SCC-28, the people who make up SCC-28, and the results of SCC-28 efforts were evaluated. The objective was to determine if SCC-28 adequately evaluated wireless RFR health effects research to substantiate its partial body exposure limit recommendations, those pertinent to exposure of the human head from wireless telephone handsets. This is critical because the SCC-28 recommendations have been the primary basis for FCC regulations on exposures from the wireless telephone handsets. The research methods employed were a systematic evaluation of published and unpublished comments and interview. The systematic evaluation of published and unpublished comments consisted of an analysis of records of activity in the minutes of SCC-28 as well as the collective perspectives of other knowledgeable individuals and groups in publications. This evaluation also included an in-depth literature review of hundreds of primary research publications designed to assess the nature and quality of wireless RFR health effects data available to risk assessors. Interview was accomplished using a detailed questionnaire. The National Academy of Sciences (NAS) criteria for risk assessment in the federal government were used to as the framework with which to assess the functions of SCC-28. To assess the recommendations of the results of SCC-28 risk assessment, the RFR health effects research

  1. Group treatment of physically disabled adults by telephone.

    PubMed

    Evans, R L; Fox, H R; Pritzl, D O; Halar, E M

    1984-01-01

    Physical disability threatens a person's life style and can be detrimental in its effects on mood and activity. We describe a counseling program for severely disabled persons who were involved in telephone support groups in order to solve problems related to feeling discouraged, lonely, or being too inactive to remain healthy. A majority of the participants reported being less anxious and more socially involved as a result of the intervention. Ease with which groups were conducted and positive feedback from participants suggests that research should evaluate the cost effectiveness of phone intervention and explore potential of treating affective problems with scheduled phone contact. PMID:6234668

  2. Towards a 21st century telephone exchange at CERN

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Valentín, F.; Hesnaux, A.; Sierra, R.; Chapron, F.

    2015-12-01

    The advent of mobile telephony and Voice over IP (VoIP) has significantly impacted the traditional telephone exchange industry—to such an extent that private branch exchanges are likely to disappear completely in the near future. For large organisations, such as CERN, it is important to be able to smooth this transition by implementing new multimedia platforms that can protect past investments and the flexibility needed to securely interconnect emerging VoIP solutions and forthcoming developments such as Voice over LTE (VoLTE). We present the results of ongoing studies and tests at CERN of the latest technologies in this area.

  3. Attacks on public telephone networks: technologies and challenges

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kosloff, T.; Moore, Tyler; Keller, J.; Manes, Gavin W.; Shenoi, Sujeet

    2003-09-01

    Signaling System 7 (SS7) is vital to signaling and control in America's public telephone networks. This paper describes a class of attacks on SS7 networks involving the insertion of malicious signaling messages via compromised SS7 network components. Three attacks are discussed in detail: IAM flood attacks, redirection attacks and point code spoofing attacks. Depending on their scale of execution, these attacks can produce effects ranging from network congestion to service disruption. Methods for detecting these denial-of-service attacks and mitigating their effects are also presented.

  4. A minority research and education information service: Design, develop, pilot test, and implement on-line access for historically black colleges and universities and government agencies. Annual status report, September 28, 1992--September 27, 1993

    SciTech Connect

    Rodman, J.A.

    1993-08-01

    The goal of the MOLIS project was to develop, design, and pilot test on-line access to current information on minority colleges and universities as well as federal minority opportunities. Federal Information Exchange, Inc. (FIE), a diversified information services company recognized by researchers and educators as a leader in the field of information delivery services, was awarded a 5 year small business research grant to develop and implement MOLIS. Since going on-line on April 29, 1991, MOLIS has provided current information on 138 Black and Hispanic colleges and universities -- including faculty and student profiles, financial data, research centers and equipment information, precollege and education programs, emerging capabilities, enrollment data, administrative personnel data, and current events -- as well as minority opportunities from participating federal agencies. Six federal agencies are currently participating in MOLIS, including: Agency for International Development; Department of Commerce; Department of Energy; Department of Housing and Urban Development; National Aeronautics and Space Administration; and National Science Foundation.

  5. Utilization of a telephone interactive voice-response tobacco cessation support service in the Islamic Republic of Iran.

    PubMed

    Heydari, G; Ahmady, A Ebn; Lando, H A; Almasinia, B

    2014-05-01

    Telephone smoking cessation counselling is a very cost-effective means of reaching dependent smokers in a population. We investigated the frequency of contacts and the types of topics that people accessed after a national telephone helpline was set up in the Islamic Republic of Iran at the beginning of 2011. From a total of 23 979 calls received over a 24-month period, 26.5% of callers hung up without selecting any menus. The most frequently accessed menu was addresses of smoking cessation support services (23.9%), followed by methods of smoking cessation (14.0%), self-help materials for quitting smoking (11.8%) and nicotine dependence assessment (10.4%). The average number of contacts decreased dramatically after the first month of the service but there was a significant increase in the 2 months preceding the feast of Ramadan. Religious messages provide a good opportunity to engage individuals in smoking cessation and may be useful in the planning of media campaigns. PMID:24952290

  6. Registration of three germplasm lines of cotton derived from Gossypium barbadense L. accession GB713 with resistance to the reniform nematode

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Three reniform nematode, Rotylenchulus reniformis Linford and Oliveria, resistant upland cotton, Gossypium hirsutum L., germplasm lines, M713 Ren1, M713 Ren2, and M713 Ren5, were developed and jointly released by USDA-ARS and the Mississippi Agricultural and Forestry Experiment Station. The day-neu...

  7. Registration of three germplasm lines of cotton derived from Gossypium hirsutum L. accession T2468 with moderate resistance to the reniform nematode

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Three reniform nematode, Rotylenchulus reniformis Linford and Oliveria, moderately resistant upland cotton, Gossypium hirsutum L., germplasm lines, MT2468 Ren1 (Reg. No. ________, PI ________), MT2468 Ren2 (Reg. No. ________, PI ________), and MT2468 Ren3 (Reg. No. ________, PI ________), were devel...

  8. Clinical issues in analyses over the telephone and the internet.

    PubMed

    Scharff, Jill Savege

    2012-02-01

    There is professional consensus that teleanalysis, the practice of psychoanalysis conducted remotely using the telephone and the Internet, is increasing in response to more mobility in the population. But there is controversy as to whether the use of technology leads to a dilution of analysis or to adaptive innovation that is clinically effective and true to the tenets of psychoanalysis. The author reviews the psychoanalytic literature and shows the development of analytic thinking about this technology-assisted practice of psychoanalysis. She summarizes analysts' perceptions and experiences of the advantages and disadvantages, and considers the indications and contra-indications. She focuses on the clinical concerns that arise in terms of the frame, resistance, and the development of analytic process through the unconscious communication of internal objects, unconscious fantasy, transference and countertransference. She gives vignettes from the analysis of a man with trauma-related depression to address the concerns raised and to support her argument that analysis using the telephone and the Internet is a viable, clinically effective alternative to traditional analysis where necessary. PMID:22320136

  9. Validity of a household gun question in a telephone survey.

    PubMed Central

    Rafferty, A P; Thrush, J C; Smith, P K; McGee, H B

    1995-01-01

    The validity of self-reported data on the presence of guns in the home obtained in a telephone survey was assessed in samples of households where a hunting license had been purchased or a handgun registered. The survey was conducted among a random sample of Ingham County, MI, residents who had purchased a hunting license between April 1990 and March 1991 and among those registering a handgun during 1990. A third study sample was selected from the county's general adult population using a random digit dialing method. The interviews were conducted between November 1991 and January 1992. The proportion of respondents who reported that at least one gun was kept in their household was 87.3 percent among handgun registration households and 89.7 percent among hunting license households. In the survey of the general population of the county, approximately one-third of the respondents reported keeping a gun in the household, 67 percent of them for hunting and 23 percent for safety. Despite some limitations, the data indicate that a question on gun presence in a household can be used in a in a telephone survey. PMID:7610216

  10. Further identification and treatment modalities in telephone mediated lightning strike

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Andrews, Christopher J.; Darveniza, Mat

    1991-01-01

    The results are presented of a prospective survey of people injured by lightning impulses transmitted by the public telephone system. The results are compared with those of a previous retrospective survey. Various deficiencies in the methodology of the latter survey are addressed. A division into a population with severe injury and a population with mild injury is made based on medical history and examination taken immediately after a strike. The best predictors of severe injury were found to be the presence of symptoms beyond one week after the strike, and also the initial presence of musculoskeletal injuries. Psychological upset is also seen to be a significant factor in severe injury. The only physical parameter of strike which could be used as a predictor of severe injury was the presence of concomitant power system damage. The importance of earth bonding between power and telephone system is thus supported in a protection strategy. One author draws on experience in treating patients with these injuries to propose a treatment regimen for those with ongoing symptoms. The importance of evaluating and treating psychological and physical aspects is stressed.

  11. Optical solutions for unbundled access network

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bacîş Vasile, Irina Bristena

    2015-02-01

    The unbundling technique requires finding solutions to guarantee the economic and technical performances imposed by the nature of the services that can be offered. One of the possible solutions is the optic one; choosing this solution is justified for the following reasons: it optimizes the use of the access network, which is the most expensive part of a network (about 50% of the total investment in telecommunications networks) while also being the least used (telephone traffic on the lines has a low cost); it increases the distance between the master station/central and the terminal of the subscriber; the development of the services offered to the subscribers is conditioned by the subscriber network. For broadband services there is a need for support for the introduction of high-speed transport. A proper identification of the factors that must be satisfied and a comprehensive financial evaluation of all resources involved, both the resources that are in the process of being bought as well as extensions are the main conditions that would lead to a correct choice. As there is no single optimal technology for all development scenarios, which can take into account all access systems, a successful implementation is always done by individual/particularized scenarios. The method used today for the selection of an optimal solution is based on statistics and analysis of the various, already implemented, solutions, and on the experience that was already gained; the main evaluation criterion and the most unbiased one is the ratio between the cost of the investment and the quality of service, while serving an as large as possible number of customers.

  12. The diversity of emergency code telephone numbers in Australian hospitals: the feasibility of an Australian standard emergency code.

    PubMed

    Williams, Ged F; Livingston, Patricia M

    2007-11-01

    This study explored the diversity of emergency code telephone numbers currently in use in Australian hospitals and examined the feasibility of a standard emergency code telephone number for all Australian hospitals, based on the United Kingdom experience. An email and telephone convenience survey of Australian hospitals from six states and two territories was conducted. Of the 108 hospitals surveyed, seven did not use a telephone number system and used a button/pager system to call an emergency. Of the 101 hospitals surveyed that used a telephone number system, 40 different emergency telephone numbers were in place, and in nine hospitals the telephone number used for Code Blue (medical emergency) was different to the telephone number used for other emergency codes. With increasing mobility of staff across hospitals, uniformity of emergency code telephone numbers is required to reduce confusion, potential danger and improve staff response in emergency situations. A single Australian standard emergency telephone number for all Australian hospitals is advocated. PMID:17973612

  13. Field-Based Video Pre-Test Counseling, Oral Testing, and Telephonic Post-Test Counseling: Implementation of an HIV Field Testing Package among High-Risk Indian Men

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Snyder, Hannah; Yeldandi, Vijay V.; Kumar, G. Prem; Liao, Chuanhong; Lakshmi, Vemu; Gandham, Sabitha R.; Muppudi, Uma; Oruganti, Ganesh; Schneider, John A.

    2012-01-01

    In India, men who have sex with men (MSM) and truck drivers are high-risk groups that often do not access HIV testing due to stigma and high mobility. This study evaluated a field testing package (FTP) that identified HIV positive participants through video pre-test counseling, OraQuick oral fluid HIV testing, and telephonic post-test counseling…

  14. A Telephone Communication Skills Exercise for Veterinary Students: Experiences, Challenges, and Opportunities.

    PubMed

    Grevemeyer, Bernard; Betance, Larry; Artemiou, Elpida

    2016-01-01

    Evidence from human medicine shows a rise in telephone communication in support of after-hours services and in providing medical advice, follow-up information, etc. While specific training programs are continuously being developed for human medical education, limited publications are available on training veterinary students in telephone communication. Presented is our method of introducing a telephone communication skills exercise to third-year veterinary students. The exercise progressed over three phases and currently follows the principles of the Calgary-Cambridge Guide. Challenges and improvements on implementing a telephone communication exercise are discussed. Within veterinary communication curricula, attention should be given to the specific communication skills required for successful telephone consultations. In the absence of visual nonverbal cues and prompts during a telephone interaction, communication skills must be applied with greater intent and attention to achieve an effective consultation outcome. PMID:27111006

  15. Comparison of Focus Groups on Cancer and Employment Conducted Face to Face or by Telephone

    PubMed Central

    Frazier, Linda M.; Miller, Virginia A.; Horbelt, Douglas V.; Delmore, James E.; Miller, Brigitte E.; Paschal, Angelia M.

    2010-01-01

    Findings from telephone focus groups have not been compared previously to findings from face-to-face focus groups. We conducted four telephone focus groups and five face-to-face focus groups in which a single moderator used the same open-ended questions and discussion facilitation techniques. This comparison was part of a larger study to gain a better understanding of employment experiences after diagnosis of gynecologic cancer. Offering the telephone option made it easier to recruit women from rural areas and geographically distant cities. Interaction between participants occurred in both types of focus group. Content analysis revealed that similar elements of the employment experience after cancer diagnosis were described by telephone and face-to-face participants. Participants disclosed certain emotionally sensitive experiences only in the telephone focus groups. Telephone focus groups provide useful data and can reduce logistical barriers to research participation. Visual anonymity might help some participants feel more comfortable discussing certain personal issues. PMID:20142606

  16. Myths versus facts in emergency department overcrowding and hospital access block.

    PubMed

    Richardson, Drew B; Mountain, David

    2009-04-01

    Overcrowding occurs when emergency department (ED) function is impeded, primarily by overwhelming of ED staff resources and physical capacity by excessive numbers of patients needing or receiving care. Access block occurs when there is excessive delay in access to appropriate inpatient beds (> 8 hours total time in the ED). Access block for admitted patients is the principal cause of overcrowding, and is mainly the result of a systemic lack of capacity throughout health systems, and not of inappropriate presentations by patients who should have attended a general practitioner. Overcrowding is most strongly associated with excessive numbers of admitted patients being kept in the ED. Excessive numbers of admitted patients in the ED are associated with diminished quality of care and poor patient outcomes. These include (but are not limited to) adverse events, errors, delayed time-critical care, increased morbidity and excess deaths (estimated as at least 1500 per annum in Australia). There is no evidence that telephone advice lines or collocated after-hours GP services assist in reducing ED workloads. Changes to ED structure and function do not address the underlying causes or major adverse effects of overcrowding. They are also rapidly overwhelmed by increasing access block. The causes of overcrowding, and hence the solutions, lie outside the ED. Solutions will mainly be found in managing hospital bedstock and systemic capacity (including the use of step-down and community resources) so that appropriate inpatient beds remain available for acutely sick patients. PMID:19351311

  17. 40 CFR Appendix II to Part 310 - EPA Regions and NRC Telephone Lines

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ..., RI, CT) (617) 723-8928 Region II (NJ, NY, PR, VI) (800) 424-8802 Region III (PA, DE, MD, DC, VA, WV) (215) 814-3255 Region IV (NC, SC, TN, MS, AL, GA, FL, KY) (404) 562-8700 Region V (OH, IN, IL, WI,...

  18. A minority research and education information service: Design, develop, pilot test, and implement on-line access for historically black colleges and universities and government agencies. Annual status report, April 1, 1991--March 31, 1992

    SciTech Connect

    Rodman, J.A.

    1992-06-01

    This Annual Status Report describes the design, development and implementation of the Minority On-Line Information Service (MOLIS) project by Federal Information Exchange, Inc. for the period of April 1, 1991 to March 31, 1992. Summary information detailing developments prior to this reporting period will also be included to establish a comprehensive perspective of the project. The goal of the MOLIS project, was to develop, design, pilot test on-line access to current information on minority colleges and universities and federal minority opportunities. Federal Information Exchange, Inc. (FIE), a diversified information services company recognized by researchers and educators as a leader in the field of information delivery services, was awarded a 5 year small business research grant to develop and implement MOLIS. Since April 29, 1991, the inauguration of its on-line service, MOLIS has provided current information on 138 Black and Hispanic colleges and universities -- including faculty and student profiles, financial data, research centers and equipment information, pre-college and education programs, emerging capabilities, enrollment data, administrative personnel data, and current events -- as well as minority opportunities from 8 participating federal agencies.

  19. Students' Perceptions of Access Courses. A Survey. Research Report Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Munn, Pamela; And Others

    The Scottish Wider Access Programme (SWAP) was designed to encourage adults to participate in higher education. Students enrolled in SWAP in 1991-92 and former SWAP students in their first year of higher education in 1991-92 were interviewed twice by telephone, near the beginning and toward the end of their SWAP course or first year. (The number…

  20. Mobile Access to the Internet: A Mediator-Based Solution.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alanko, Timo; Kojo, Markku; Liljeberg, Mika; Raatikainen, Kimmo

    1999-01-01

    Provides an overview of problems related to wireless mobility, specifically the use of cellular telephones to access remote information stores, such as the Internet, and computing services. Presents a new software architecture and discusses a new paradigm for designing mobile-distributed applications based on a mediator, a distributed intelligent…

  1. Centralized Library and Learning Resources: A Remote Access Demonstration Project.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shamel, Cynthia L.

    2001-01-01

    Describes a program instituted by a consortium of San Diego County (California) community colleges that provided distance learners with access to library reference services. States that the program included telephone, e-mail, and real time chat service and used an off-site, contract librarian. Reports on variable results. (Contains 8 references.)…

  2. 4 CFR 200.5 - Requests for access to records.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ..., and telephone number of requester. (2) The system of records containing the desired information. (3) Any other information that the requester believes would help locate the record. (b) Requests in... facsimile at (202) 254-7970. (d) Requests by phone. A person may request access to his or her records...

  3. 4 CFR 200.5 - Requests for access to records.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ..., and telephone number of requester. (2) The system of records containing the desired information. (3) Any other information that the requester believes would help locate the record. (b) Requests in... facsimile at (202) 254-7970. (d) Requests by phone. A person may request access to his or her records...

  4. 4 CFR 200.5 - Requests for access to records.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ..., and telephone number of requester. (2) The system of records containing the desired information. (3) Any other information that the requester believes would help locate the record. (b) Requests in... facsimile at (202) 254-7970. (d) Requests by phone. A person may request access to his or her records...

  5. 4 CFR 200.5 - Requests for access to records.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ..., and telephone number of requester. (2) The system of records containing the desired information. (3) Any other information that the requester believes would help locate the record. (b) Requests in... facsimile at (202) 254-7970. (d) Requests by phone. A person may request access to his or her records...

  6. 4 CFR 200.5 - Requests for access to records.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ..., and telephone number of requester. (2) The system of records containing the desired information. (3) Any other information that the requester believes would help locate the record. (b) Requests in... facsimile at (202) 254-7970. (d) Requests by phone. A person may request access to his or her records...

  7. Effect of telephone follow-up on retention and balance in an alcohol intervention trial

    PubMed Central

    Johnson, Natalie A.; Kypri, Kypros; Latter, Joanna; McElduff, Patrick; Attia, John; Saitz, Richard; Saunders, John B.; Wolfenden, Luke; Dunlop, Adrian; Doran, Christopher; McCambridge, Jim

    2015-01-01

    Objectives Telephone follow-up is not currently recommended as a strategy to improve retention in randomized trials. The aims of this study were to estimate the effect of telephone follow-up on retention, identify participant characteristics predictive of questionnaire completion during or after telephone follow-up, and estimate the effect of including participants who provided follow-up data during or after telephone follow-up on balance between randomly allocated groups in a trial estimating the effect of electronic alcohol screening and brief intervention on alcohol consumption in hospital outpatients with hazardous or harmful drinking. Method Trial participants were followed up 6 months after randomization (June–December 2013) using e-mails containing a hyperlink to a web-based questionnaire when possible and by post otherwise. Telephone follow-up was attempted after two written reminders and participants were invited to complete the questionnaire by telephone when contact was made. Results Retention before telephone follow-up was 62.1% (520/837) and 82.8% (693/837) afterward: an increase of 20.7% (173/837). Therefore, 55% (95% CI 49%–60%) of the 317 participants who had not responded after two written reminders responded during or after the follow-up telephone call. Age < 55 years, a higher AUDIT-C score and provision of a mobile/cell phone number were predictive of questionnaire completion during or after telephone follow-up. Balance between randomly allocated groups was present before and after inclusion of participants who completed the questionnaire during or after telephone follow-up. Conclusion Telephone follow-up improved retention in this randomized trial without affecting balance between the randomly allocated groups. PMID:26844146

  8. Telephone and In-Person Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Major Depression after Traumatic Brain Injury: A Randomized Controlled Trial

    PubMed Central

    Bombardier, Charles H.; Vannoy, Steven; Dyer, Joshua; Ludman, Evette; Dikmen, Sureyya; Marshall, Kenneth; Barber, Jason; Temkin, Nancy

    2015-01-01

    Abstract Major depressive disorder (MDD) is prevalent after traumatic brain injury (TBI); however, there is a lack of evidence regarding effective treatment approaches. We conducted a choice-stratified randomized controlled trial in 100 adults with MDD within 10 years of complicated mild to severe TBI to test the effectiveness of brief cognitive behavioral therapy administered over the telephone (CBT-T) (n=40) or in-person (CBT-IP) (n=18), compared with usual care (UC) (n=42). Participants were recruited from clinical and community settings throughout the United States. The main outcomes were change in depression severity on the clinician-rated 17 item Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAMD-17) and the patient-reported Symptom Checklist-20 (SCL-20) over 16 weeks. There was no significant difference between the combined CBT and UC groups over 16 weeks on the HAMD-17 (treatment effect=1.2, 95% CI: −1.5–4.0; p=0.37) and a nonsignificant trend favoring CBT on the SCL-20 (treatment effect=0.28, 95% CI: −0.03–0.59; p=0.074). In follow-up comparisons, the CBT-T group had significantly more improvement on the SCL-20 than the UC group (treatment effect=0.36, 95% CI: 0.01–0.70; p=0.043) and completers of eight or more CBT sessions had significantly improved SCL-20 scores compared with the UC group (treatment effect=0.43, 95% CI: 0.10–0.76; p=0.011). CBT participants reported significantly more symptom improvement (p=0.010) and greater satisfaction with depression care (p<0.001), than did the UC group. In-person and telephone-administered CBT are acceptable and feasible in persons with TBI. Although further research is warranted, telephone CBT holds particular promise for enhancing access and adherence to effective depression treatment. PMID:25072405

  9. The Ice Core Data Gateway: A Multi-Agency Effort to Provide On-line Access to Ice Core Data Sets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bauer, R.; Scharfen, G.; Scambos, T.; Eakin, M.; Anderson, D.

    2001-05-01

    The NSF-funded Antarctic Glaciological Data Center (AGDC) at the National Snow and Ice Data Center provides data management for the U.S. Antarctic Glaciological Program including ice core data from the Antarctic. The World Data Center for Paleoclimatology archives ice core data sets from many sites, globally. Recently, the AGDC, the WDC for Paleoclimatology and representatives from the International Ice Core Data Cooperative have developed a coordinated and cooperative approach to ice core data management. The Ice Core Data Gateway provides a single point of contact for access and submission for the research community to the breadth of ice core data sets. The need for a single point of contact for all ice core data was called for at the Spring 2000 Ice Core Working Group meeting in Denver. The design of the gateway allows for the continuation of valuable discipline-specific expertise and program-centric activities at the data centers, but utilizes web technology to provide a single point of entry for users. This poster describes existing and planned roles of the key ice core data management groups and technical issues such as common variable names, metadata, and quality control. We seek feedback from the ice core community regarding the Ice Core Data Gateway.

  10. On-line restricted access molecularly imprinted solid phase extraction of ivermectin in meat samples followed by HPLC-UV analysis.

    PubMed

    de Lima, Marcela Marília; Vieira, André Coutinho; Martins, Isarita; Boralli, Vanessa Bergamin; Borges, Keyller Bastos; Figueiredo, Eduardo Costa

    2016-04-15

    A new restricted access molecularly imprinted polymer coated with bovine serum albumin (RAMIP-BSA) was synthesized, characterized and used for direct analysis of ivermectin from bovine meat samples, in a two-dimensional liquid chromatography system with UV detection. Ivermectin, 4-vynilpiridine and ethylene glycol dimethacrylate were employed as template, functional monomer and cross-linker, respectively. A BSA layer was cross-linked around the polymer, resulting in a biocompatible chemical barrier able to eliminate about 100% of protein from the samples. Ivermectin was extracted from the minced meat samples through a solvent extraction using methanol:water (70:30, v:v), and the extracts were directly injected into the two-dimensional liquid chromatography system, without any other treatment. Samples, fortified with ivermectin from 50 to 500 μg kg(-1), were used to build the analytical calibration curve (r=0.996). The limit of quantification was 50 μg kg(-1). Precision and accuracy presented variation coefficients, as well as relative errors lower than 17.0% and within -18.5% and 22.0%, respectively. PMID:26616918

  11. On-Line Restricted Access Molecularly Imprinted Solid-Phase Extraction of Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors Directly from Untreated Human Plasma Samples Followed by HPLC-UV Analysis.

    PubMed

    da Silva, Katrine Kyona Muniz Sirgom; Boralli, Vanessa Bergamin; Wisniewski, Célio; Figueiredo, Eduardo Costa

    2016-03-01

    In this article, we proposed a new restricted access molecularly imprinted polymer coated with bovine serum albumin (RAMIP-BSA) to be used in a multidimensional chromatographic system applied for the analysis of six selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) directly from untreated human plasma samples. Fluoxetine, methacrylic acid and ethylene glycol dimethacrylate were used as the template, functional monomer and cross-linker, respectively. The imprinted polymer was covered with a bovine serum albumin (BSA) layer via the interconnections between the amine groups of the BSA using glutaraldehyde as a cross-linker. The obtained RAMIP-BSA was able to extract the SSRIs directly from the human plasma, while ∼100% of the proteins were excluded from the sample. Selectivity coefficients were calculated for fluoxetine (template) in comparison with venlafaxine, duloxetine, citalopram, fluvoxamine, paroxetine and sertraline, and the values were >1 in all cases, attesting to the presence of binding sites in the imprinted polymer. The method presented analytical ranges from 20 to 500 µg/L and correlation coefficients >0.99 for all of the SSRIs (fluoxetine, venlafaxine, duloxetine, citalopram, fluvoxamine and sertraline). Precision and accuracy presented variation coefficients and relative errors <14.5% and within the range of -19.18 to 3.8%, respectively. In all cases, the apparent recoveries were >85%. The proposed method was able to analyze three samples per hour, and each column was used at least 50 times without any significant changes in its performance. PMID:26487639

  12. Evaluation of Cognitively Accessible Software to Increase Independent Access to Cellphone Technology for People with Intellectual Disability

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stock, S. E.; Davies, D. K.; Wehmeyer, M. L.; Palmer, S. B.

    2008-01-01

    Background: There are over two billion telephones in use worldwide. Yet, for millions of Americans with intellectual disabilities (ID), access to the benefits of cellphone technology is limited because of deficits in literacy, numerical comprehension, the proliferation of features and shrinking size of cellphone hardware and user interfaces.…

  13. A Randomized Comparison of Online- and Telephone-Based Care Management with Internet Training Alone in Adult Patients with Poorly Controlled Type 2 Diabetes

    PubMed Central

    Fonda, Stephanie J.; Gomes, Helen E.; Alexis, George; Conlin, Paul R.

    2012-01-01

    Abstract Aims Care management may improve the quality of diabetes care by enhancing contact between high-risk patients and their providers. This prospective, longitudinal, randomized trial sought to investigate whether telephone or online care management improves diabetes-related outcomes over time compared with usual care supplemented with Internet access and training. Subjects and Methods One hundred fifty-one adult subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus and an elevated hemoglobin A1c (A1c) level (≥8.5%) were randomly assigned to online care management (n=51), telephone-based care management (n=51), or Web training (n=49) groups. Online and telephone participants interacted with a care manager through a diabetes education and care management Web site and by telephone, respectively. The Web training group was provided with online diabetes self-management resources but no care management support. The primary outcome measure was A1c measured every 3 months for a year. Results A1c declined significantly and substantially in all groups over 12 months. A1c declined linearly at a rate of 0.32% (P<0.0001) per quarter for the online group, 0.36% (P<0.0001) for the telephone group, and 0.41% for the Web training group (P<0.0001). The rate of change over time did not differ significantly among groups. The groups converged at 12 months with average absolute A1c difference of −1.5%. The number of interactions with care providers was not significantly associated with the change in A1c. Blood pressure, weight, lipid levels, and diabetes distress did not differ among groups over time. Conclusions Online, telephone-based care management, and Web training for diabetes patients with elevated A1c were each associated with a substantial improvement in A1c over a 1-year period. Internet access and training alone may be as effective as care management in patients with poorly controlled diabetes. PMID:22953754

  14. Persons with Alzheimer's Disease Make Phone Calls Independently Using a Computer-Aided Telephone System

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Perilli, Viviana; Lancioni, Giulio E.; Singh, Nirbhay N.; O'Reilly, Mark F.; Sigafoos, Jeff; Cassano, Germana; Cordiano, Noemi; Pinto, Katia; Minervini, Mauro G.; Oliva, Doretta

    2012-01-01

    This study assessed whether four patients with a diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease could make independent phone calls via a computer-aided telephone system. The study was carried out according to a non-concurrent multiple baseline design across participants. All participants started with baseline during which the telephone system was not available,…

  15. 47 CFR 22.925 - Prohibition on airborne operation of cellular telephones.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Prohibition on airborne operation of cellular... CARRIER SERVICES PUBLIC MOBILE SERVICES Cellular Radiotelephone Service § 22.925 Prohibition on airborne operation of cellular telephones. Cellular telephones installed in or carried aboard airplanes, balloons...

  16. Alliance in Two Telephone-Administered Treatments: Relationship with Depression and Health Outcomes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beckner, Victoria; Vella, Lea; Howard, Isa; Mohr, David C.

    2007-01-01

    The present study examined the relationship between therapeutic alliance and both depression and health outcomes in a randomized clinical trial of 2 telephone-administered treatments with 97 clients with multiple sclerosis (MS). The 16-week, manualized treatments compared were telephone-administered cognitive-behavioral therapy (T-CBT) and…

  17. 30 CFR 56.12069 - Lightning protection for telephone wires and ungrounded conductors.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... ungrounded conductors. 56.12069 Section 56.12069 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION... NONMETAL MINES Electricity § 56.12069 Lightning protection for telephone wires and ungrounded conductors. Each ungrounded power conductor or telephone wire that leads underground and is directly exposed...

  18. 30 CFR 56.12069 - Lightning protection for telephone wires and ungrounded conductors.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... ungrounded conductors. 56.12069 Section 56.12069 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION... NONMETAL MINES Electricity § 56.12069 Lightning protection for telephone wires and ungrounded conductors. Each ungrounded power conductor or telephone wire that leads underground and is directly exposed...

  19. 30 CFR 56.12069 - Lightning protection for telephone wires and ungrounded conductors.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... ungrounded conductors. 56.12069 Section 56.12069 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION... NONMETAL MINES Electricity § 56.12069 Lightning protection for telephone wires and ungrounded conductors. Each ungrounded power conductor or telephone wire that leads underground and is directly exposed...

  20. 30 CFR 75.521 - Lightning arresters; ungrounded and exposed power conductors and telephone wires.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Lightning arresters; ungrounded and exposed... Electrical Equipment-General § 75.521 Lightning arresters; ungrounded and exposed power conductors and telephone wires. Each ungrounded, exposed power conductor and each ungrounded, exposed telephone wire...

  1. 30 CFR 75.521 - Lightning arresters; ungrounded and exposed power conductors and telephone wires.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Lightning arresters; ungrounded and exposed... Electrical Equipment-General § 75.521 Lightning arresters; ungrounded and exposed power conductors and telephone wires. Each ungrounded, exposed power conductor and each ungrounded, exposed telephone wire...

  2. 30 CFR 75.521 - Lightning arresters; ungrounded and exposed power conductors and telephone wires.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Lightning arresters; ungrounded and exposed... Electrical Equipment-General § 75.521 Lightning arresters; ungrounded and exposed power conductors and telephone wires. Each ungrounded, exposed power conductor and each ungrounded, exposed telephone wire...

  3. 30 CFR 75.521 - Lightning arresters; ungrounded and exposed power conductors and telephone wires.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Lightning arresters; ungrounded and exposed... Electrical Equipment-General § 75.521 Lightning arresters; ungrounded and exposed power conductors and telephone wires. Each ungrounded, exposed power conductor and each ungrounded, exposed telephone wire...

  4. 30 CFR 75.521 - Lightning arresters; ungrounded and exposed power conductors and telephone wires.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Lightning arresters; ungrounded and exposed... Electrical Equipment-General § 75.521 Lightning arresters; ungrounded and exposed power conductors and telephone wires. Each ungrounded, exposed power conductor and each ungrounded, exposed telephone wire...

  5. 30 CFR 56.12069 - Lightning protection for telephone wires and ungrounded conductors.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... ungrounded conductors. 56.12069 Section 56.12069 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION... NONMETAL MINES Electricity § 56.12069 Lightning protection for telephone wires and ungrounded conductors. Each ungrounded power conductor or telephone wire that leads underground and is directly exposed...

  6. 30 CFR 56.12069 - Lightning protection for telephone wires and ungrounded conductors.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... ungrounded conductors. 56.12069 Section 56.12069 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION... NONMETAL MINES Electricity § 56.12069 Lightning protection for telephone wires and ungrounded conductors. Each ungrounded power conductor or telephone wire that leads underground and is directly exposed...

  7. 46 CFR 32.30-1 - Voice tubes or telephone equipment-T/ALL.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Voice tubes or telephone equipment-T/ALL. 32.30-1 Section 32.30-1 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY TANK VESSELS SPECIAL EQUIPMENT, MACHINERY, AND HULL REQUIREMENTS Sound Powered Telephone, Voice Tube, and Engine Order Telegraph...

  8. Exploring Culture from a Distance: The Utility of Telephone Interviews in Qualitative Research

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lechuga, Vicente M.

    2012-01-01

    Qualitative studies that utilize telephone interviews, as a primary data collection mode, often are not discussed in the qualitative research literature. Data excerpts from a study that sought to understand the culture of for-profit universities are used to illustrate the types of data that can be garnered through telephone interviews. In…

  9. 47 CFR 68.110 - Compatibility of the public switched telephone network and terminal equipment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... network and terminal equipment. 68.110 Section 68.110 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) COMMON CARRIER SERVICES (CONTINUED) CONNECTION OF TERMINAL EQUIPMENT TO THE TELEPHONE NETWORK Conditions on Use of Terminal Equipment § 68.110 Compatibility of the public switched telephone network...

  10. 47 CFR 73.4265 - Telephone conversation broadcasts (network and like sources).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Telephone conversation broadcasts (network and like sources). 73.4265 Section 73.4265 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED... Telephone conversation broadcasts (network and like sources). See Memorandum Opinion and Order, FCC...

  11. 47 CFR 73.4265 - Telephone conversation broadcasts (network and like sources).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Telephone conversation broadcasts (network and like sources). 73.4265 Section 73.4265 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED... Telephone conversation broadcasts (network and like sources). See Memorandum Opinion and Order, FCC...

  12. 47 CFR 68.201 - Connection to the public switched telephone network.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... network. 68.201 Section 68.201 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) COMMON CARRIER SERVICES (CONTINUED) CONNECTION OF TERMINAL EQUIPMENT TO THE TELEPHONE NETWORK Terminal Equipment Approval Procedures § 68.201 Connection to the public switched telephone network. Terminal equipment...

  13. 47 CFR 68.110 - Compatibility of the public switched telephone network and terminal equipment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... network and terminal equipment. 68.110 Section 68.110 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) COMMON CARRIER SERVICES (CONTINUED) CONNECTION OF TERMINAL EQUIPMENT TO THE TELEPHONE NETWORK Conditions on Use of Terminal Equipment § 68.110 Compatibility of the public switched telephone network...

  14. 47 CFR 68.201 - Connection to the public switched telephone network.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... network. 68.201 Section 68.201 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) COMMON CARRIER SERVICES (CONTINUED) CONNECTION OF TERMINAL EQUIPMENT TO THE TELEPHONE NETWORK Terminal Equipment Approval Procedures § 68.201 Connection to the public switched telephone network. Terminal equipment...

  15. Care plan oversight and home care/hospice revenue for telephone management.

    PubMed

    Bluestein, Hazel M

    2006-01-01

    Radical changes in the health care delivery system have caused a dramatic increase in telephone management time by physicians. The essentials of telephone management reimbursement for physicians are presented. Essential guidelines, documentation needed, and appropriate billing codes are presented. PMID:17898427

  16. Effects of a Mail and Telephone Intervention on Breast Health Behaviors

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bowen, Deborah J.; Powers, Diane

    2010-01-01

    This study evaluated a mail and telephone intervention to improve breast health behaviors while maintaining quality of life. Women recruited from the general public were randomized to a stepped-intensity intervention consisting of mailings, telephone calls, and counseling (if requested or appropriate given a woman's genetic risk for breast cancer)…

  17. The Role of the Team in Managing Telephone Consultation in Dialectical Behavior Therapy: Three Case Examples

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Koons, Cedar R.

    2011-01-01

    Standard, outpatient Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) includes the provision of intersession telephone contact between the therapist and the client to reduce suicidal crisis behaviors, enhance skills generalization, and reduce alienation and conflict in the therapeutic relationship. Therapists providing telephone consultation need the help of…

  18. A Telephone Support Program for Adult Day Center Caregivers: Early Indications of Impact

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gendron, Tracey; Pelco, Lynn E.; Pryor, Jennifer; Barsness, Sonya; Seward, Lynne

    2013-01-01

    The Virginia Commonwealth University/A Grace Place Caregiver Telephone Support Pilot Program was developed as a service-learning experience for graduate students to address the need for family caregiver support services. The Telephone Support Program was developed by the Virginia Commonwealth University Department of Gerontology, in collaboration…

  19. 32 CFR Appendix B to Part 623 - Approving Authority Addresses/Telephone Numbers *

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 3 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Approving Authority Addresses/Telephone Numbers * B Appendix B to Part 623 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY SUPPLIES AND EQUIPMENT LOAN OF ARMY MATERIEL Pt. 623, App. B Appendix B to Part 623—Approving Authority Addresses/Telephone Numbers * B-1. HQDA...

  20. 32 CFR Appendix B to Part 623 - Approving Authority Addresses/Telephone Numbers *

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 3 2012-07-01 2009-07-01 true Approving Authority Addresses/Telephone Numbers * B Appendix B to Part 623 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY SUPPLIES AND EQUIPMENT LOAN OF ARMY MATERIEL Pt. 623, App. B Appendix B to Part 623—Approving Authority Addresses/Telephone Numbers * B-1. HQDA...

  1. Unscheduled Telephone Calls to Measure Percent Syllables Stuttered during Clinical Trials

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Karimi, Hamid; O'Brian, Sue; Onslow, Mark; Jones, Mark; Menzies, Ross; Packman, Ann

    2013-01-01

    Purpose: Researchers have used unscheduled telephone calls for many years during clinical trials to measure adult stuttering severity before and after treatment. Because variability is a hallmark of stuttering severity with adults, it is questionable whether an unscheduled telephone call is truly representative of their everyday speech. Method:…

  2. The Effectiveness of a Telephone Support Program for Caregivers of Frail Older Adults

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Tamara L.; Toseland, Ronald W.

    2006-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a telephone support group program on spouses and adult child caregivers of frail older adults. Design and Methods: The Telephone Support Group (TSG) model is a multicomponent group program offered in 12 weekly, 90-minute group sessions. It includes emotion-focused and…

  3. 15 CFR 2003.0 - Office, mailing address, telephone number, and hours.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Office, mailing address, telephone number, and hours. 2003.0 Section 2003.0 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations Relating to Foreign Trade... § 2003.0 Office, mailing address, telephone number, and hours. (a) The office of the Committee is at...

  4. Telephone Interview Audience Analysis of WPSX-TV--its Measurement and Evaluation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dubin, Samuel S.; And Others

    The results of a telephone survey were used to estimate that 156,000 families watch WPSX-TV, an Educational television station located in central Pennsylvania. Of the sample contacted (N=1,984) 78% watched the station at least once a week and 15% watched daily. During the telephone interview 80% of the respondents agreed to fill out a follow-up…

  5. 75 FR 21979 - NRC Region II Address and Main Telephone Number Changes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-27

    ..., 5849); 5 U.S.C. 552, 553; Reorganization Plan No. 1 of 1980, 45 FR 40561, June 16, 1980. 0 2. In Sec. 1...;having general applicability and legal effect, most of which are keyed #0;to and codified in the Code of... telephone number. The Region II office move and telephone number change will take effect on April 12,...

  6. 47 CFR 68.201 - Connection to the public switched telephone network.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... network. 68.201 Section 68.201 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) COMMON CARRIER SERVICES (CONTINUED) CONNECTION OF TERMINAL EQUIPMENT TO THE TELEPHONE NETWORK Terminal Equipment Approval Procedures § 68.201 Connection to the public switched telephone network. Terminal equipment...

  7. 47 CFR 73.4265 - Telephone conversation broadcasts (network and like sources).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Telephone conversation broadcasts (network and like sources). 73.4265 Section 73.4265 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED... Telephone conversation broadcasts (network and like sources). See Memorandum Opinion and Order, FCC...

  8. 47 CFR 68.110 - Compatibility of the public switched telephone network and terminal equipment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... network and terminal equipment. 68.110 Section 68.110 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) COMMON CARRIER SERVICES (CONTINUED) CONNECTION OF TERMINAL EQUIPMENT TO THE TELEPHONE NETWORK Conditions on Use of Terminal Equipment § 68.110 Compatibility of the public switched telephone network...

  9. 47 CFR 73.4265 - Telephone conversation broadcasts (network and like sources).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Telephone conversation broadcasts (network and like sources). 73.4265 Section 73.4265 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED... Telephone conversation broadcasts (network and like sources). See Memorandum Opinion and Order, FCC...

  10. 47 CFR 68.110 - Compatibility of the public switched telephone network and terminal equipment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... network and terminal equipment. 68.110 Section 68.110 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) COMMON CARRIER SERVICES (CONTINUED) CONNECTION OF TERMINAL EQUIPMENT TO THE TELEPHONE NETWORK Conditions on Use of Terminal Equipment § 68.110 Compatibility of the public switched telephone network...

  11. 47 CFR 73.4265 - Telephone conversation broadcasts (network and like sources).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Telephone conversation broadcasts (network and like sources). 73.4265 Section 73.4265 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED... Telephone conversation broadcasts (network and like sources). See Memorandum Opinion and Order, FCC...

  12. 47 CFR 68.110 - Compatibility of the public switched telephone network and terminal equipment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... network and terminal equipment. 68.110 Section 68.110 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) COMMON CARRIER SERVICES (CONTINUED) CONNECTION OF TERMINAL EQUIPMENT TO THE TELEPHONE NETWORK Conditions on Use of Terminal Equipment § 68.110 Compatibility of the public switched telephone network...

  13. 47 CFR 68.201 - Connection to the public switched telephone network.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... network. 68.201 Section 68.201 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) COMMON CARRIER SERVICES (CONTINUED) CONNECTION OF TERMINAL EQUIPMENT TO THE TELEPHONE NETWORK Terminal Equipment Approval Procedures § 68.201 Connection to the public switched telephone network. Terminal equipment...

  14. 47 CFR 68.201 - Connection to the public switched telephone network.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... network. 68.201 Section 68.201 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) COMMON CARRIER SERVICES (CONTINUED) CONNECTION OF TERMINAL EQUIPMENT TO THE TELEPHONE NETWORK Terminal Equipment Approval Procedures § 68.201 Connection to the public switched telephone network. Terminal equipment...

  15. 37 CFR 104.2 - Address for mail and service; telephone number.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... and service; telephone number. (a) Mail under this part should be addressed to the Office of the... 37 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Address for mail and service; telephone number. 104.2 Section 104.2 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights UNITED STATES PATENT AND...

  16. 37 CFR 205.2 - Address for mail and service; telephone number.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... service; telephone number. (a) Mail under this part should be addressed to the General Counsel, Copyright... 37 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Address for mail and service; telephone number. 205.2 Section 205.2 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights U.S. COPYRIGHT OFFICE, LIBRARY...

  17. 37 CFR 104.2 - Address for mail and service; telephone number.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... and service; telephone number. (a) Mail under this part should be addressed to the Office of the... 37 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Address for mail and service; telephone number. 104.2 Section 104.2 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights UNITED STATES PATENT AND...

  18. 37 CFR 205.2 - Address for mail and service; telephone number.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... service; telephone number. (a) Mail under this part should be addressed to the General Counsel, Copyright... 37 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Address for mail and service; telephone number. 205.2 Section 205.2 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights COPYRIGHT OFFICE, LIBRARY...

  19. 37 CFR 205.2 - Address for mail and service; telephone number.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... service; telephone number. (a) Mail under this part should be addressed to the General Counsel, Copyright... 37 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Address for mail and service; telephone number. 205.2 Section 205.2 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights COPYRIGHT OFFICE, LIBRARY...

  20. 26 CFR 49.4252-4 - Provisions common to telephone and telegraph services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... (CONTINUED) MISCELLANEOUS EXCISE TAXES FACILITIES AND SERVICES EXCISE TAXES Communications § 49.4252-4 Provisions common to telephone and telegraph services. (a) In general. The tax applies to all amounts paid... the charge therefor is liable for the tax. All telephone and telegraph transmission services...

  1. 26 CFR 49.4252-4 - Provisions common to telephone and telegraph services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... (CONTINUED) MISCELLANEOUS EXCISE TAXES FACILITIES AND SERVICES EXCISE TAXES Communications § 49.4252-4 Provisions common to telephone and telegraph services. (a) In general. The tax applies to all amounts paid... the charge therefor is liable for the tax. All telephone and telegraph transmission services...

  2. 37 CFR 205.2 - Address for mail and service; telephone number.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... service; telephone number. (a) Mail under this part should be addressed to the General Counsel, Copyright... 37 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Address for mail and service; telephone number. 205.2 Section 205.2 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights COPYRIGHT OFFICE, LIBRARY...

  3. 37 CFR 104.2 - Address for mail and service; telephone number.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... and service; telephone number. (a) Mail under this part should be addressed to the Office of the... 37 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Address for mail and service; telephone number. 104.2 Section 104.2 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights UNITED STATES PATENT AND...

  4. 26 CFR 49.4252-4 - Provisions common to telephone and telegraph services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... (CONTINUED) MISCELLANEOUS EXCISE TAXES FACILITIES AND SERVICES EXCISE TAXES Communications § 49.4252-4 Provisions common to telephone and telegraph services. (a) In general. The tax applies to all amounts paid... the charge therefor is liable for the tax. All telephone and telegraph transmission services...

  5. 26 CFR 49.4252-4 - Provisions common to telephone and telegraph services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... (CONTINUED) MISCELLANEOUS EXCISE TAXES FACILITIES AND SERVICES EXCISE TAXES Communications § 49.4252-4 Provisions common to telephone and telegraph services. (a) In general. The tax applies to all amounts paid... the charge therefor is liable for the tax. All telephone and telegraph transmission services...

  6. 37 CFR 205.2 - Address for mail and service; telephone number.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... service; telephone number. (a) Mail under this part should be addressed to the General Counsel, Copyright... 37 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Address for mail and service; telephone number. 205.2 Section 205.2 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights COPYRIGHT OFFICE, LIBRARY...

  7. 37 CFR 104.2 - Address for mail and service; telephone number.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... and service; telephone number. (a) Mail under this part should be addressed to the Office of the... 37 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Address for mail and service; telephone number. 104.2 Section 104.2 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights UNITED STATES PATENT AND...

  8. 37 CFR 104.2 - Address for mail and service; telephone number.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... and service; telephone number. (a) Mail under this part should be addressed to the Office of the... 37 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Address for mail and service; telephone number. 104.2 Section 104.2 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights UNITED STATES PATENT AND...

  9. 78 FR 78389 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request; Telephone...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-26

    ... on August 19, 2013 (78 FR 50449). Interested parties are encouraged to send comments to the OMB...; Telephone Point of Purchase Survey ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Department of Labor (DOL) is submitting the..., ``Telephone Point of Purchase Survey,'' to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) for review and...

  10. 75 FR 78269 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request; Telephone...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-15

    ... September 10, 2010 (75 FR 55356). Interested parties are encouraged to send comments to the OMB, Office of...; Telephone Point of Purchase Survey ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Department of Labor (DOL) hereby announces...) titled, ``Telephone Point of Purchase Survey,'' to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) for...

  11. Effects of an Introductory Letter on Response Rates to a Teen/Parent Telephone Health Survey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Woodruff, Susan I.; Mayer, Joni A.; Clapp, Elizabeth

    2006-01-01

    The authors conducted a pilot study in preparation for a larger investigation that will rely on telephone surveys to assess select health behaviors of teens and their parents, with a focus on indoor tanning. This study used a randomized design to assess the impact of a presurvey letter on response rates to a telephone survey, as well as prevalence…

  12. Implications of a Peer Telephone Network on Adult Learner GPA and Retention.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vanderpool, Nancy M.; Brown, Wayne E.

    1994-01-01

    Developed peer-led telephone support and advising network for adult learners at one university. Peer leaders (n=22) contacted total of 116 new students with 3 calls each during first semester. Adult learners in telephone program were retained at level greater than those in control group. Two groups did not differ significantly in grade point…

  13. When Free Is Not for Me: Confronting the Barriers to Use of Free Quitline Telephone Counseling for Tobacco Dependence

    PubMed Central

    Sheffer, Christine; Brackman, Sharon; Lercara, Charnette; Cottoms, Naomi; Olson, Mary; Panissidi, Luana; Pittman, Jami; Stayna, Helen

    2015-01-01

    Remarkable disparities in smoking rates in the United States contribute significantly to socioeconomic and minority health disparities. Access to treatment for tobacco use can help address these disparities, but quitlines, our most ubiquitous treatment resource, reach just 1%–2% of smokers. We used community-based participatory methods to develop a survey instrument to assess barriers to use of the quitline in the Arkansas Mississippi delta. Barriers were quitline specific and barriers to cessation more broadly. Over one-third (34.9%) of respondents (n = 799) did not have access to a telephone that they could use for the quitline. Respondents reported low levels of knowledge about the quitline, quitting, and trust in tobacco treatment programs as well as considerable ambivalence about quitting including significant concerns about getting sick if they quit and strong faith-based beliefs about quitting. These findings suggest quitlines are not accessible to all lower socioeconomic groups and that significant barriers to use include barriers to cessation. These findings suggest targets for providing accessible tobacco use treatment services and addressing concerns about cessation among lower income, ethnic minority, and rural groups. PMID:26703662

  14. When Free Is Not for Me: Confronting the Barriers to Use of Free Quitline Telephone Counseling for Tobacco Dependence.

    PubMed

    Sheffer, Christine; Brackman, Sharon; Lercara, Charnette; Cottoms, Naomi; Olson, Mary; Panissidi, Luana; Pittman, Jami; Stayna, Helen

    2016-01-01

    Remarkable disparities in smoking rates in the United States contribute significantly to socioeconomic and minority health disparities. Access to treatment for tobacco use can help address these disparities, but quitlines, our most ubiquitous treatment resource, reach just 1%-2% of smokers. We used community-based participatory methods to develop a survey instrument to assess barriers to use of the quitline in the Arkansas Mississippi delta. Barriers were quitline specific and barriers to cessation more broadly. Over one-third (34.9%) of respondents (n = 799) did not have access to a telephone that they could use for the quitline. Respondents reported low levels of knowledge about the quitline, quitting, and trust in tobacco treatment programs as well as considerable ambivalence about quitting including significant concerns about getting sick if they quit and strong faith-based beliefs about quitting. These findings suggest quitlines are not accessible to all lower socioeconomic groups and that significant barriers to use include barriers to cessation. These findings suggest targets for providing accessible tobacco use treatment services and addressing concerns about cessation among lower income, ethnic minority, and rural groups. PMID:26703662

  15. Monitoring Cognitive Functioning: Psychometric Properties of the Brief Test of Adult Cognition by Telephone (BTACT)

    PubMed Central

    Lachman, Margie E.; Agrigoroaei, Stefan; Tun, Patricia A.; Weaver, Suzanne L.

    2014-01-01

    Assessment of cognitive functioning is an important component of telephone surveys of health. Previous cognitive telephone batteries have been limited in scope with a primary focus on dementia screening. The Brief Test of Adult Cognition by Telephone (BTACT) assesses multiple dimensions central for effective functioning across adulthood: episodic memory, working memory, reasoning, verbal fluency, and executive function. The BTACT is the first instrument which includes measures of processing speed, reaction time, and task switching/inhibitory control for use over the telephone. We administered the battery to a national sample (N = 4,268), aged 32 to 84, from the study of Midlife in the United States and examined age, education and sex differences, reliability, and factor structure. We found good evidence for construct validity with a subsample tested in person. Implications of the findings are considered for efficient neuropsychological assessment and monitoring changes in cognitive aging, for clinical and research applications by telephone or in person. PMID:24322011

  16. Telephone advice in the accident and emergency department: a survey of current practice.

    PubMed Central

    Evans, R J; McCabe, M; Allen, H; Rainer, T; Richmond, P W

    1993-01-01

    The objective of this study was to assess the standard of advice given by telephone by accident and emergency (A&E) departments following patients' enquiries. In order to do this patient enquiries were simulated and a telephone questionnaire was carried out. The study was carried out in 18 major and 16 minor A&E departments in Wales. Results achieved were that overall, correct telephone advice was given to 72 of 97 simulated patients (74%). Sixty calls were dealt with by the nursing staff (62%) who gave correct advice on 41 (68%) occasions. No A&E department had a formal policy nor provided staff training for handling patients' enquiries by telephone. It is concluded that A&E departments should train designated members of staff, preferably the triage nurse, who would formally deal with telephone enquiries requiring medical advice. There should be formal documentation of the enquiry and advice proffered as part of a departmental policy. PMID:8216598

  17. Veterans Crisis Line

    MedlinePlus

    ... also access and download the Veterans Crisis Line Branding Guidelines for guidance on how to consistently apply ... Program ADMINISTRATION Veterans Health Administration Veterans Benefits Administration National Cemetery Administration U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs | 810 ...

  18. Comparison of face-to-face and telephone consultations in primary care: qualitative analysis

    PubMed Central

    Hewitt, Heather; Gafaranga, Joseph; McKinstry, Brian

    2010-01-01

    Background There is evidence that telephone consultations in general practice are typically shorter than face-to-face consultations and that fewer problems are presented in them. Aim To compare the communicative practices of doctors and patients in face-to-face and telephone consultations, in order to understand the contrasts between the two consulting modes. Design of study Conversation analysis. Setting Eight NHS GP surgeries in Scotland. Method Transcription and conversation analysis of 32 face-to-face and 33 telephone consultations. Participants Eighteen GPs and 65 patients. Results There are no underlying contrasts between the communicative practices used in face-to-face and telephone consultations. Telephone consultations are typically used by patients to deal with a limited range of single-issue concerns, whereas a wide range of different problem types is dealt with in face-to-face consultations. Most telephone consultations for new problems lead to a face-to-face meeting rather than a diagnosis, making them shorter than equivalent face-to-face consultations. Interaction in telephone consultations is continuous and orderly, but in face-to-face consultations there are periods of silence that facilitate the introduction of additional topics, including social speech and rapport building. Doctors on the telephone are less likely to elicit additional concerns than in face-to-face consultations, and ask fewer questions when patients present self-diagnosed problems or describe problems with treatment. Conclusion Doctors in general practice do not substantially change their communicative behaviour on the telephone. Telephone consultations are shorter and include less problem disclosure than face-to-face meetings, partly because they are typically mono-topical and partly because of intrinsic differences between the two channels. PMID:20423575

  19. Central line complications

    PubMed Central

    Kornbau, Craig; Lee, Kathryn C; Hughes, Gwendolyn D; Firstenberg, Michael S

    2015-01-01

    Central venous access is a common procedure performed in many clinical settings for a variety of indications. Central lines are not without risk, and there are a multitude of complications that are associated with their placement. Complications can present in an immediate or delayed fashion and vary based on type of central venous access. Significant morbidity and mortality can result from complications related to central venous access. These complications can cause a significant healthcare burden in cost, hospital days, and patient quality of life. Advances in imaging, access technique, and medical devices have reduced and altered the types of complications encountered in clinical practice; but most complications still center around vascular injury, infection, and misplacement. Recognition and management of central line complications is important when caring for patients with vascular access, but prevention is the ultimate goal. This article discusses common and rare complications associated with central venous access, as well as techniques to recognize, manage, and prevent complications. PMID:26557487

  20. Fine-grained dengue forecasting using telephone triage services

    PubMed Central

    Abdur Rehman, Nabeel; Kalyanaraman, Shankar; Ahmad, Talal; Pervaiz, Fahad; Saif, Umar; Subramanian, Lakshminarayanan

    2016-01-01

    Thousands of lives are lost every year in developing countries for failing to detect epidemics early because of the lack of real-time disease surveillance data. We present results from a large-scale deployment of a telephone triage service as a basis for dengue forecasting in Pakistan. Our system uses statistical analysis of dengue-related phone calls to accurately forecast suspected dengue cases 2 to 3 weeks ahead of time at a subcity level (correlation of up to 0.93). Our system has been operational at scale in Pakistan for the past 3 years and has received more than 300,000 phone calls. The predictions from our system are widely disseminated to public health officials and form a critical part of active government strategies for dengue containment. Our work is the first to demonstrate, with significant empirical evidence, that an accurate, location-specific disease forecasting system can be built using analysis of call volume data from a public health hotline. PMID:27419226

  1. Mobile telephone use effects on perception of verticality.

    PubMed

    Bamiou, Doris-Eva; Ceranic, Borka; Vickers, Deborah; Zamyslowska-Szmytke, Ewa; Cox, Robin; Chadwick, Philip; Luxon, Linda M

    2015-01-01

    Low-level radiofrequency (RF) signals may produce disorientation and nausea. In experiment I, we assessed mobile phone effects on graviception in nine symptomatic subjects after mobile telephone use and 21 controls. The mobile handset was strapped to each ear for 30 min in pulsed emission, continuous RF emission, or no emission test mode, respectively. The subjective visual vertical and horizontal (SVV/SVH) were tested from min 25 of exposure. There was no exposure effect; however, there was an ear effect, with the SVV/SVH being shifted to the opposite direction of the ear exposed. This could be due to thermal or RF effects or handset weight. In experiment II, we assessed the handset weight effect on 18 normal controls. After baseline SVV/SVH, the switched off handset was strapped to either ear; the SVV/SVH was repeated 25 min later. A significant ear effect was found. We compared the observed ear effect SVV/SVH change in the experiment II group to the continuous exposure ear effect change in the experiment I group, and the difference was not significant. The ear effect was attributed to a minor head tilt due to the handset weight, or proprioceptive stimulation of neck muscle affecting the perception of verticality. PMID:25263937

  2. Analyzing online sentiment to predict telephone poll results.

    PubMed

    Fu, King-wa; Chan, Chee-hon

    2013-09-01

    The telephone survey is a common social science research method for capturing public opinion, for example, an individual's values or attitudes, or the government's approval rating. However, reducing domestic landline usage, increasing nonresponse rate, and suffering from response bias of the interviewee's self-reported data pose methodological challenges to such an approach. Because of the labor cost of administration, a phone survey is often conducted on a biweekly or monthly basis, and therefore a daily reflection of public opinion is usually not available. Recently, online sentiment analysis of user-generated content has been deployed to predict public opinion and human behavior. However, its overall effectiveness remains uncertain. This study seeks to examine the temporal association between online sentiment reflected in social media content and phone survey poll results in Hong Kong. Specifically, it aims to find the extent to which online sentiment can predict phone survey results. Using autoregressive integrated moving average time-series analysis, this study suggested that online sentiment scores can lead phone survey results by about 8-15 days, and their correlation coefficients were about 0.16. The finding is significant to the study of social media in social science research, because it supports the conclusion that daily sentiment observed in social media content can serve as a leading predictor for phone survey results, keeping as much as 2 weeks ahead of the monthly announcement of opinion polls. We also discuss the practical and theoretical implications of this study. PMID:23374168

  3. Fine-grained dengue forecasting using telephone triage services.

    PubMed

    Abdur Rehman, Nabeel; Kalyanaraman, Shankar; Ahmad, Talal; Pervaiz, Fahad; Saif, Umar; Subramanian, Lakshminarayanan

    2016-07-01

    Thousands of lives are lost every year in developing countries for failing to detect epidemics early because of the lack of real-time disease surveillance data. We present results from a large-scale deployment of a telephone triage service as a basis for dengue forecasting in Pakistan. Our system uses statistical analysis of dengue-related phone calls to accurately forecast suspected dengue cases 2 to 3 weeks ahead of time at a subcity level (correlation of up to 0.93). Our system has been operational at scale in Pakistan for the past 3 years and has received more than 300,000 phone calls. The predictions from our system are widely disseminated to public health officials and form a critical part of active government strategies for dengue containment. Our work is the first to demonstrate, with significant empirical evidence, that an accurate, location-specific disease forecasting system can be built using analysis of call volume data from a public health hotline. PMID:27419226

  4. Web Accessibility and Accessibility Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Green, Ravonne A.; Huprich, Julia

    2009-01-01

    Section 508 of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) mandates that programs and services be accessible to people with disabilities. While schools of library and information science (SLIS*) and university libraries should model accessible Web sites, this may not be the case. This article examines previous studies about the Web accessibility of…

  5. Telephone Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Adolescents With Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder: A Randomized Controlled Non-inferiority Trial

    PubMed Central

    Turner, Cynthia M.; Mataix-Cols, David; Lovell, Karina; Krebs, Georgina; Lang, Katie; Byford, Sarah; Heyman, Isobel

    2014-01-01

    Objective Many adolescents with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) do not have access to evidence-based treatment. A randomized controlled non-inferiority trial was conducted in a specialist OCD clinic to evaluate the effectiveness of telephone cognitive-behavioral therapy (TCBT) for adolescents with OCD compared to standard clinic-based, face-to-face CBT. Method Seventy-two adolescents, aged 11 through 18 years with primary OCD, and their parents were randomized to receive specialist TCBT or CBT. The intervention provided differed only in the method of treatment delivery. All participants received up to 14 sessions of CBT, incorporating exposure with response prevention (E/RP), provided by experienced therapists. The primary outcome measure was the Children’s Yale–Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale (CY-BOCS). Blind assessor ratings were obtained at midtreatment, posttreatment, 3-month, 6-month, and 12-month follow-up. Results Intent-to-treat analyses indicated that TCBT was not inferior to face-to-face CBT at posttreatment, 3-month, and 6-month follow-up. At 12-month follow-up, there were no significant between-group differences on the CY-BOCS, but the confidence intervals exceeded the non-inferiority threshold. All secondary measures confirmed non-inferiority at all assessment points. Improvements made during treatment were maintained through to 12-month follow-up. Participants in each condition reported high levels of satisfaction with the intervention received. Conclusion TCBT is an effective treatment and is not inferior to standard clinic-based CBT, at least in the midterm. This approach provides a means of making a specialized treatment more accessible to many adolescents with OCD. Clinical trial registration information–Evaluation of telephone-administered cognitive-behaviour therapy (CBT) for young people with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD); http://www.controlled-trials.com; ISRCTN27070832. PMID:25457928

  6. 49 CFR 234.303 - Emergency notification systems for telephonic reporting of unsafe conditions at highway-rail and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... use an automated answering system or a third-party telephone service for the purpose of receiving... in general. Each railroad shall establish and maintain a toll-free telephone service by which the railroad can directly and promptly receive telephone calls from the public reporting specific...

  7. 49 CFR 234.307 - Use of third-party telephone service by dispatching and maintaining railroads.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... displayed on the ENS sign pursuant to § 234.309. The third-party telephone service may use an automated... such a crossing from a dispatching railroad. The third-party telephone service may use an automated... 49 Transportation 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Use of third-party telephone service...

  8. 49 CFR 234.303 - Emergency notification systems for telephonic reporting of unsafe conditions at highway-rail and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... use an automated answering system or a third-party telephone service for the purpose of receiving... in general. Each railroad shall establish and maintain a toll-free telephone service by which the railroad can directly and promptly receive telephone calls from the public reporting specific...

  9. 49 CFR 234.307 - Use of third-party telephone service by dispatching and maintaining railroads.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... displayed on the ENS sign pursuant to § 234.309. The third-party telephone service may use an automated... such a crossing from a dispatching railroad. The third-party telephone service may use an automated... 49 Transportation 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Use of third-party telephone service...

  10. Use of cellular telephones and transmission of pathogens by medical staff in New York and Israel.

    PubMed

    Goldblatt, Joseph Gil; Krief, Iris; Klonsky, Tal; Haller, Daniel; Milloul, Victor; Sixsmith, Diane M; Srugo, Isaac; Potasman, Israel

    2007-04-01

    Hands and instruments used by healthcare workers may serve as vectors for the nosocomial transmission of microorganisms. The use of cellular telephones by medical personnel and the associated nosocomial transmission of pathogens have not been thoroughly examined. Findings from our study show that cellular telephones are commonly used by hospital personnel, even during patient contact. One-fifth of the cellular telephones examined in this study were found to harbor pathogenic microorganisms, showing that these devices may serve as vectors for transmission to patients. PMID:17385162

  11. Database of emission lines

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Binette, L.; Ortiz, P.; Joguet, B.; Rola, C.

    1998-11-01

    A widely accessible data bank (available through Netscape) and consiting of all (or most) of the emission lines reported in the litterature is being built. It will comprise objects as diverse as HII regions, PN, AGN, HHO. One of its use will be to define/refine existing diagnostic emission line diagrams.

  12. Telephone interpreter discrepancies: videotapes of Hmong medication consultations

    PubMed Central

    Lor, Maichou; Chewning, Betty

    2016-01-01

    Background Over 25 million people in the USA have limited English proficiency (LEP). Interpreters are often used to facilitate communication with health care providers. Little is currently known about interpreter quality. Objective To explore the quality of telephone interpretation during medication consultations between Hmong clients and their pharmacists. Methods This descriptive study analyzed transcripts from videos of consultations between six triads of Hmong patients, pharmacy students and interpreters. Analysis was divided into two segments: (1) pharmacy: communication from student pharmacist the interpreter to patient and (2) patient: communication from patient to interpreter to student pharmacist. Researchers coded transcripts separately then compared codes. Key findings The six encounters yielded 496 communications with 275 discrepancies including omissions, additions, and word substitutions. Pharmacy to patient communications included, 45% (118/262) of omissions, 27.5% (72/262) of substitutions, and 15.6% (41/262) of additions. The patient to provider communications included, 8.1% (19/234) of omissions, 6.0% (14/234) of substitutions, and 4.2% (10/ 234) of word additions. Some omissions, additions, and substitutions in the pharmacy to patient communications were classified as potentially clinically relevant. Significantly, substantial discrepancies between the student pharmacists’ comments and the interpretation to patients had potential for hindering relationship building between patients and their providers. Conclusions Pharmacists may assume that the presence of an interpreter ensures accurate communication from pharmacist to patient and from patient to pharmacist. This study confirms that those assumptions may not be valid. These findings highlight the need to improve pharmacy education and interventions to improve pharmacist communication with LEP patients. PMID:26311231

  13. ReCAP: Economic Evaluation Alongside a Clinical Trial of Telephone Versus In-Person Genetic Counseling for BRCA1/2 Mutations in Geographically Underserved Areas

    PubMed Central

    Chang, Yaojen; Near, Aimee M.; Butler, Karin M.; Hoeffken, Amanda; Edwards, Sandra L.; Stroup, Antoinette M.; Kohlmann, Wendy; Gammon, Amanda; Buys, Saundra S.; Schwartz, Marc D.; Peshkin, Beth N.; Kinney, Anita Y.

    2016-01-01

    QUESTION ASKED: Many individuals at risk for BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutations do not have access to trained genetic counselors. This study conducted an economic evaluation alongside a clinical trial of approaches to extending the reach of genetic testing services to geographically underserved populations. SUMMARY ANSWER: Telephone genetic counseling was less expensive than in-person services delivered in the community per individual counseled, individual tested, or mutation detected. For example, it cost an average of $120 (range, $80 to $200) per person counseled in the telephone counseling arm compared with $270 (range, $180 to $400) for in-person counseling. One-way sensitivity analyses showed that the average cost per participant remained consistently lower in the telephone counseling arm than in the in-person counseling arm across the range values for each cost parameter and for each study outcome. METHODS: Microcosting was used to enumerate resources for counseling delivered at 14 primary care clinics (nine geographically remote, five urban) in Utah. Staff time and travel, space, overhead, patient time costs, and test costs were calculated on the basis of actual intervention use and valued using national data for wage rates, space, and overhead. We calculated the costs per arm for pretest counseling, uptake of BRCA1/BRCA2 testing, per mutation detected, and per completion of post-test genetic counseling at 6 months afterrandomization. Costs and effects were not discounted. BIAS, CONFOUNDING FACTOR(S), DRAWBACKS: The findings may not be generalizable to women in other geographically underserved regions in terms of socio-demographic characteristics and mutation risk. Next, we included only costs related to genetic counseling and testing. Counseling and testing may affect other costs, such as those related to increased or decreased short-term use of medical care or long-term health behaviors. REAL-LIFE IMPLICATIONS: Telephone counseling is a cost-efficient method to

  14. Mobile telephones: a comparison of radiated power between 3G VoIP calls and 3G VoCS calls.

    PubMed

    Jovanovic, Dragan; Bragard, Guillaume; Picard, Dominique; Chauvin, Sébastien

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to assess the mean RF power radiated by mobile telephones during voice calls in 3G VoIP (Voice over Internet Protocol) using an application well known to mobile Internet users, and to compare it with the mean power radiated during voice calls in 3G VoCS (Voice over Circuit Switch) on a traditional network. Knowing that the specific absorption rate (SAR) is proportional to the mean radiated power, the user's exposure could be clearly identified at the same time. Three 3G (High Speed Packet Access) smartphones from three different manufacturers, all dual-band for GSM (900 MHz, 1800 MHz) and dual-band for UMTS (900 MHz, 1950 MHz), were used between 28 July and 04 August 2011 in Paris (France) to make 220 two-minute calls on a mobile telephone network with national coverage. The places where the calls were made were selected in such a way as to describe the whole range of usage situations of the mobile telephone. The measuring equipment, called "SYRPOM", recorded the radiation power levels and the frequency bands used during the calls with a sampling rate of 20,000 per second. In the framework of this study, the mean normalised power radiated by a telephone in 3G VoIP calls was evaluated at 0.75% maximum power of the smartphone, compared with 0.22% in 3G VoCS calls. The very low average power levels associated with use of 3G devices with VoIP or VoCS support the view that RF exposure resulting from their use is far from exceeding the basic restrictions of current exposure limits in terms of SAR. PMID:25352159

  15. Open Access

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Suber, Peter

    2012-01-01

    The Internet lets us share perfect copies of our work with a worldwide audience at virtually no cost. We take advantage of this revolutionary opportunity when we make our work "open access": digital, online, free of charge, and free of most copyright and licensing restrictions. Open access is made possible by the Internet and copyright-holder…

  16. Access Denied

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Villano, Matt

    2008-01-01

    Building access control (BAC)--a catchall phrase to describe the systems that control access to facilities across campus--has traditionally been handled with remarkably low-tech solutions: (1) manual locks; (2) electronic locks; and (3) ID cards with magnetic strips. Recent improvements have included smart cards and keyless solutions that make use…

  17. Personal versus telephone surveys for collecting household health data at the local level.

    PubMed

    Weeks, M F; Kulka, R A; Lessler, J T; Whitmore, R W

    1983-12-01

    Personal and telephone interview surveys were conducted simultaneously during 1981 in the same area (four counties in the area of Tampa Bay, Florida) and utilizing the same interview schedule. Following completion of the surveys, validity checks were made with the medical providers reported by a subsample of respondents to each mode. The telephone survey yielded a lower response rate but cost less than half the personal interview. There was some evidence of nonresponse bias in the telephone survey, and some relatively minor differences in responses were found between the two modes, but there was no conclusive evidence that the response differences resulted from mode effects. Telephone respondents appeared to be somewhat more accurate in their reporting of visits to medical providers, although accuracy comparisons must be interpreted with caution in view of the disparate success experienced for the two modes in securing permission forms for the release of medical record information. PMID:6638234

  18. 75 FR 5013 - Local Number Portability Porting Interval and Validation Requirements; Telephone Number Portability

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-01

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 52 Local Number Portability Porting Interval and Validation Requirements; Telephone Number Portability AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission. ACTION: Proposed rule. SUMMARY:...

  19. Radiofrequency (mobile telephones) Exposures and Health Risks: Findings and Controversies - Linet

    Cancer.gov

    Radiofrequency (mobile telephones) Exposures and Health Risks: Findings and Controversies by Dr. Martha Linet - part of the Radiation Epidemiology and Dosimetry Course on the health effects of radiation exposure

  20. Disclosure of Sexual Intercourse by Teenagers: Agreement Between Telephone Survey Responses and Annual Visit Disclosures

    PubMed Central

    Alexander, Stewart C.; Fortenberry, J. Dennis; Pollak, Kathryn I.; Østbye, Truls; Bravender, Terrill; Tulsky, James A.; Dolor, Rowena; Shields, Cleveland G.

    2015-01-01

    Background Physicians can help guide teenagers in their emerging sexuality; however, teens rarely inform physicians about their sexual activity. Methods We audio-recorded annual visits between 365 teenagers and 49 physicians. sexual intercourse. Recordings were coded for teenage disclosures about previous sexual intercourse. We measured agreement between telephone survey responses and annual visit disclosures, and examined factors associated with agreement between the two. Results Fifty-six teenagers (15%) reported previous sexual intercourse in either the telephone survey or to their physician. Among those who reported sexual intercourse, 57% shared this information to both the telephone survey and their physician (κ = .72, confidence interval = 0.63–0.82). Conclusions Although a slight majority of teenagers disclosed their sexual activity to both the telephone survey and their doctor, a significant number disclosed to just one source. PMID:25857726