Science.gov

Sample records for accumulated deferred income

  1. 18 CFR 367.1900 - Account 190, Accumulated deferred income taxes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... NATURAL GAS ACT Balance Sheet Chart of Accounts Deferred Debits § 367.1900 Account 190, Accumulated... ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION, DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY REGULATIONS UNDER THE PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING...

  2. 75 FR 49394 - Guidance Regarding Deferred Discharge of Indebtedness Income of Corporations and Deferred...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-13

    ... Indebtedness Income of Corporations and Deferred Original Issue Discount Deductions AGENCY: Internal Revenue... corporations regarding the acceleration of deferred discharge of indebtedness (COD) income (deferred COD income... FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Concerning the acceleration rules for deferred COD income and deferred...

  3. 18 CFR 367.2830 - Account 283, Accumulated deferred income taxes-Other.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... POWER ACT AND NATURAL GAS ACT Balance Sheet Chart of Accounts Deferred Credits § 367.2830 Account 283... FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION, DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY REGULATIONS UNDER THE PUBLIC UTILITY...

  4. 18 CFR 367.2820 - Account 282, Accumulated deferred income taxes-Other property.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ..., FEDERAL POWER ACT AND NATURAL GAS ACT Balance Sheet Chart of Accounts Deferred Credits § 367.2820 Account... Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION, DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY REGULATIONS UNDER THE PUBLIC...

  5. Pension Accounting and Reporting with Other Comprehensive Income and Deferred Taxes: A Worksheet Approach

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jackson, Robert E.; Sneathen, L. Dwight, Jr.; Veal, Timothy R.

    2012-01-01

    This instructional tool presents pension accounting using a worksheet approach where debits equal credits for both the employer and for the plan. Transactions associated with the initiation of the plan through the end of the second year of the plan are presented, including their impact on accumulated other comprehensive income and deferred taxes.…

  6. 47 CFR 32.4350 - Net noncurrent deferred nonoperating income taxes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... Sheet Accounts § 32.4350 Net noncurrent deferred nonoperating income taxes. (a) This account shall... generated the prepaid income tax or deferred income tax are reclassified from long-term or non-current status to current status, the appropriate deferred income tax shall be reclassified from this account...

  7. 47 CFR 32.4350 - Net noncurrent deferred nonoperating income taxes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... Sheet Accounts § 32.4350 Net noncurrent deferred nonoperating income taxes. (a) This account shall... generated the prepaid income tax or deferred income tax are reclassified from long-term or non-current status to current status, the appropriate deferred income tax shall be reclassified from this account...

  8. 47 CFR 32.4350 - Net noncurrent deferred nonoperating income taxes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... Sheet Accounts § 32.4350 Net noncurrent deferred nonoperating income taxes. (a) This account shall... generated the prepaid income tax or deferred income tax are reclassified from long-term or non-current status to current status, the appropriate deferred income tax shall be reclassified from this account...

  9. 47 CFR 32.4350 - Net noncurrent deferred nonoperating income taxes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... Sheet Accounts § 32.4350 Net noncurrent deferred nonoperating income taxes. (a) This account shall... generated the prepaid income tax or deferred income tax are reclassified from long-term or non-current status to current status, the appropriate deferred income tax shall be reclassified from this account...

  10. 47 CFR 32.4100 - Net current deferred operating income taxes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Net current deferred operating income taxes. 32... Accounts § 32.4100 Net current deferred operating income taxes. (a) This account shall include the balance of income tax expense related to current items from regulated operations which have been deferred...

  11. 47 CFR 32.4110 - Net current deferred nonoperating income taxes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Net current deferred nonoperating income taxes... Sheet Accounts § 32.4110 Net current deferred nonoperating income taxes. (a) This account shall include... tax are reclassified from long-term or noncurrent status to current, the appropriate deferred...

  12. 47 CFR 32.4340 - Net noncurrent deferred operating income taxes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... Sheet Accounts § 32.4340 Net noncurrent deferred operating income taxes. (a) This account shall include... are reclassified from long-term or noncurrent status to current status, the appropriate deferred income tax shall be reclassified from this account to Account 4100, Net Current Deferred Operating...

  13. 47 CFR 32.4340 - Net noncurrent deferred operating income taxes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... Sheet Accounts § 32.4340 Net noncurrent deferred operating income taxes. (a) This account shall include... are reclassified from long-term or noncurrent status to current status, the appropriate deferred income tax shall be reclassified from this account to Account 4100, Net Current Deferred Operating...

  14. 47 CFR 32.4110 - Net current deferred nonoperating income taxes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... Sheet Accounts § 32.4110 Net current deferred nonoperating income taxes. (a) This account shall include... 47 Telecommunication 2 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Net current deferred nonoperating income taxes... tax are reclassified from long-term or noncurrent status to current, the appropriate deferred...

  15. 47 CFR 32.4110 - Net current deferred nonoperating income taxes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... Sheet Accounts § 32.4110 Net current deferred nonoperating income taxes. (a) This account shall include... 47 Telecommunication 2 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Net current deferred nonoperating income taxes... tax are reclassified from long-term or noncurrent status to current, the appropriate deferred...

  16. 47 CFR 32.4110 - Net current deferred nonoperating income taxes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... Sheet Accounts § 32.4110 Net current deferred nonoperating income taxes. (a) This account shall include... 47 Telecommunication 2 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Net current deferred nonoperating income taxes... tax are reclassified from long-term or noncurrent status to current, the appropriate deferred...

  17. 47 CFR 32.4110 - Net current deferred nonoperating income taxes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... Sheet Accounts § 32.4110 Net current deferred nonoperating income taxes. (a) This account shall include... 47 Telecommunication 2 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Net current deferred nonoperating income taxes... tax are reclassified from long-term or noncurrent status to current, the appropriate deferred...

  18. 47 CFR 32.4340 - Net noncurrent deferred operating income taxes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... Sheet Accounts § 32.4340 Net noncurrent deferred operating income taxes. (a) This account shall include... are reclassified from long-term or noncurrent status to current status, the appropriate deferred income tax shall be reclassified from this account to Account 4100, Net Current Deferred Operating...

  19. 47 CFR 32.4340 - Net noncurrent deferred operating income taxes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... Sheet Accounts § 32.4340 Net noncurrent deferred operating income taxes. (a) This account shall include... are reclassified from long-term or noncurrent status to current status, the appropriate deferred income tax shall be reclassified from this account to Account 4100, Net Current Deferred Operating...

  20. 47 CFR 32.4350 - Net noncurrent deferred nonoperating income taxes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... CARRIER SERVICES UNIFORM SYSTEM OF ACCOUNTS FOR TELECOMMUNICATIONS COMPANIES Instructions for Balance Sheet Accounts § 32.4350 Net noncurrent deferred nonoperating income taxes. (a) This account shall include the balance of income tax expense (Federal, state, and local) that has been deferred to...

  1. 47 CFR 32.4100 - Net current deferred operating income taxes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Net current deferred operating income taxes. 32... SERVICES UNIFORM SYSTEM OF ACCOUNTS FOR TELECOMMUNICATIONS COMPANIES Instructions for Balance Sheet Accounts § 32.4100 Net current deferred operating income taxes. (a) This account shall include the...

  2. 47 CFR 32.4100 - Net current deferred operating income taxes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Net current deferred operating income taxes. 32... SERVICES UNIFORM SYSTEM OF ACCOUNTS FOR TELECOMMUNICATIONS COMPANIES Instructions for Balance Sheet Accounts § 32.4100 Net current deferred operating income taxes. (a) This account shall include the...

  3. 47 CFR 32.4100 - Net current deferred operating income taxes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Net current deferred operating income taxes. 32... SERVICES UNIFORM SYSTEM OF ACCOUNTS FOR TELECOMMUNICATIONS COMPANIES Instructions for Balance Sheet Accounts § 32.4100 Net current deferred operating income taxes. (a) This account shall include the...

  4. 47 CFR 32.4100 - Net current deferred operating income taxes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Net current deferred operating income taxes. 32... SERVICES UNIFORM SYSTEM OF ACCOUNTS FOR TELECOMMUNICATIONS COMPANIES Instructions for Balance Sheet Accounts § 32.4100 Net current deferred operating income taxes. (a) This account shall include the...

  5. 26 CFR 1.108(i)-1T - Deferred discharge of indebtedness income and deferred original issue discount deductions of C...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...). (a) Overview. Section 108(i)(1) provides an election for the deferral of COD income arising in... includes deferred COD income ratably over the inclusion period. Paragraph (b) of this section provides rules for the mandatory acceleration of an electing corporation's remaining deferred COD income,...

  6. 26 CFR 1.108(i)-1T - Deferred discharge of indebtedness income and deferred original issue discount deductions of C...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...). (a) Overview. Section 108(i)(1) provides an election for the deferral of COD income arising in... includes deferred COD income ratably over the inclusion period. Paragraph (b) of this section provides rules for the mandatory acceleration of an electing corporation's remaining deferred COD income,...

  7. 26 CFR 1.108(i)-1T - Deferred discharge of indebtedness income and deferred original issue discount deductions of C...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...). (a) Overview. Section 108(i)(1) provides an election for the deferral of COD income arising in... includes deferred COD income ratably over the inclusion period. Paragraph (b) of this section provides rules for the mandatory acceleration of an electing corporation's remaining deferred COD income,...

  8. 78 FR 48606 - Guidance Regarding Deferred Discharge of Indebtedness Income of Corporations and Deferred...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-09

    ... issue discount (OID) (deferred OID deductions) under section 108(i)(5)(D) (acceleration rules), and the... value acceleration rule is applied with respect to the assets, liabilities, and deferred items of P (S's successor). * * * Accordingly, under the net value acceleration rule of paragraph (b)(2)(iii)(A) of...

  9. 75 FR 49428 - Guidance Regarding Deferred Discharge of Indebtedness Income of Corporations and Deferred...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-13

    ... and profits as a result of an election under section 108(i). In addition, these regulations provide rules applicable to all taxpayers regarding deferred OID deductions under section 108(i) as a result of...) relating to section 108(i). The temporary regulations set forth rules for applying section 108(i) to...

  10. 75 FR 55698 - Guidance Regarding Deferred Discharge of Indebtedness Income of Corporations and Deferred...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-14

    ... and profits as a result of an election under section 108(i). In addition, these regulations provide rules applicable to all taxpayers regarding deferred OID deductions under section 108(i) as a result of....108(i)-0T also issued under 26 U.S.C. 108(i)(7). * * *'' is removed and the language ``Section...

  11. 47 CFR 32.4340 - Net noncurrent deferred operating income taxes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... CARRIER SERVICES UNIFORM SYSTEM OF ACCOUNTS FOR TELECOMMUNICATIONS COMPANIES Instructions for Balance Sheet Accounts § 32.4340 Net noncurrent deferred operating income taxes. (a) This account shall include the balance of income tax expense related to noncurrent items from regulated operations which...

  12. Deferred and Income-Contingent Tuition Fees: An Empirical Assessment Using Belgian, German and UK Data

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vandenberghe, V.; Debande, O.

    2007-01-01

    This paper is a numerical exploration of the following. Assume, in the European Union context, that decision-makers want to spend more on higher education via higher tuition fees, but also want payments to be deferred and income-contingent. There are several possible ways to achieve this. First, ask graduates to repay a fixed amount each year if…

  13. 26 CFR 1.168(i)-3 - Treatment of excess deferred income tax reserve upon disposition of deregulated public utility...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 2 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Treatment of excess deferred income tax reserve.... This section provides rules for the application of section 203(e) of the Tax Reform Act of 1986, Public...) of the Tax Reform Act of 1986) is treated as an excess tax reserve of the transferee with respect...

  14. 18 CFR 367.2550 - Account 255, Accumulated deferred investment tax credits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ..., FEDERAL POWER ACT AND NATURAL GAS ACT Balance Sheet Chart of Accounts Deferred Credits § 367.2550 Account... Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION, DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY REGULATIONS UNDER THE PUBLIC...

  15. Defer Maintenance, Invite Disaster

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bowman, William W.

    1977-01-01

    An AGB- and NACUBO-sponsored survey showed that "wish lists" are accumulating overdue major maintenance projects because energy costs are consuming physical plant budgets. Problem areas are discussed: budget "guesstimation," preventive maintenance, deferred maintenance inventory, the APPA accounting format, resource allocation,…

  16. 26 CFR 1.661(a)-1 - Estates and trusts accumulating income or distributing corpus; general.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... distributing corpus; general. 1.661(a)-1 Section 1.661(a)-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE... Accumulate Income Or Which Distribute Corpus § 1.661(a)-1 Estates and trusts accumulating income or distributing corpus; general. Subpart C, part I, subchapter J, chapter 1 of the Code, is applicable to...

  17. Deferred Warping.

    PubMed

    Knuth, Martin; Bender, Jan; Goesele, Michael; Kuijper, Arjan

    2016-03-18

    We introduce deferred warping, a novel approach for real-time deformation of 3D objects attached to an animated or manipulated surface. Our target application is virtual prototyping of garments where 2D pattern modeling is combined with 3D garment simulation which allows an immediate validation of the design. The technique works in two steps: First, the surface deformation of the target object is determined and the resulting transformation field is stored as a matrix texture. Then the matrix texture is used as look-up table to transform a given geometry onto a deformed surface. Splitting the process in two steps yields a large flexibility since different attachment types can be realized by simply defining specific mapping functions. Our technique can directly handle complex topology changes within the surface. We demonstrate a fast implementation in the vertex shading stage allowing the use of highly decorated surfaces with millions of triangles in real-time.

  18. Income Class and the Accumulation of Net Worth in the United States

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ozawa, Martha N.; Kim, Jeounghee; Joo, Myungkook

    2006-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the differential rates of accumulating net worth among low- and high-income households. To achieve this objective, the authors, using a sample drawn from the 1998 Survey of Consumer Finances, investigated the degree of elasticity of household net worth (or wealth) to household income among five income…

  19. Deferred Gift Reporting.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Munger, Peter L.; Ridenour, James F.

    1983-01-01

    Information on three categories of deferred gifts, deferred gift valuation, and reporting on deferred gifts are presented, based on the NACUBO publication entitled "Management Reporting Standards for Educational Institutions: Fund Raising and Related Activities." In addition, a summary is presented of the results of a 1982 informal…

  20. Reporting Deferred Gifts: CASE-NACUBO Guidelines Ensure Consistency.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ridenour, James F.; Munger, Peter L.

    1983-01-01

    Three methods for reporting the value of a deferred gift are described: the tax method, net realizable value, and fair market value. Three major categories of deferred gifts are identified: pooled income funds, charitable remainder trusts, and charitable gift annuities. (MLW)

  1. 26 CFR 1.616-2 - Election to defer.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 7 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Election to defer. 1.616-2 Section 1.616-2...) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Natural Resources § 1.616-2 Election to defer. (a) General rule. In lieu of... natural deposit. However, in the case of such expenditures made in the development stage, this election...

  2. 26 CFR 31.3121(v)(2)-1 - Treatment of amounts deferred under certain nonqualified deferred compensation plans.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 15 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Treatment of amounts deferred under certain nonqualified deferred compensation plans. 31.3121(v)(2)-1 Section 31.3121(v)(2)-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) EMPLOYMENT TAXES AND COLLECTION OF INCOME TAX AT SOURCE EMPLOYMENT TAXES AND...

  3. 26 CFR 31.3121(v)(2)-1 - Treatment of amounts deferred under certain nonqualified deferred compensation plans.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 15 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Treatment of amounts deferred under certain nonqualified deferred compensation plans. 31.3121(v)(2)-1 Section 31.3121(v)(2)-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) EMPLOYMENT TAXES AND COLLECTION OF INCOME TAX AT SOURCE EMPLOYMENT TAXES AND...

  4. Excess deferred taxes: an update

    SciTech Connect

    Howe, S.

    1985-04-04

    The states originally split on whether to accelerate refunds to customers for overpaid taxes resulting from the decrease in corporate income taxes, but recent regulatory decisions favor a quick payback of excess deferred taxes. The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) indicates that this may violate normalization rules for accounting and threaten the utility's eligibility for accelerated depreciation deductions. After reviewing the positions of the IRS, state commissions, and the courts, the author concludes that the debate will continue until the Treasury Department issues definitive regulations. 1 table.

  5. 7 CFR 3555.152 - Calculation of income and assets.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... adults; and (vi) Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program payments. (b) Annual income. Annual income is... Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program. (c) Adjusted annual income. Adjusted annual income is used to... policies; settlements for personal or property losses; and deferred periodic payments of...

  6. Deferred Compensation Becomes More Common

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    June, Audrey Williams

    2006-01-01

    A key part of the compensation package for some college and university presidents is money that they do not receive in their paychecks. Formally known as deferred compensation, such payments can take many forms, including supplemental retirement pay, severance pay, or even bonuses. With large institutions leading the way, deferred compensation has…

  7. Capital accumulation, income distribution and endogenous fertility in an overlapping generations general equilibrium model.

    PubMed

    Raut, L K

    1991-01-01

    A study is conducted in attempts to increase the understanding of the links between macroeconomic effects and causes of population growth in formulating policy. An overlapping generations general equilibrium model is employed aggregating household decisions about fertility, savings, and investment in the human capital of children with the objective of studying intertemporal relationships among population growth, income distribution, inter-generation social mobility, skill composition of the labor force, and household income. As a result of endogenous fertility, the equilibrium path attains steady state from the second generation. Income tax transfer, child taxation, and social security taxation policies are also examined in the paper. A structural explanation is given for the inverse household income-child quantity and negative child quality-quantity relationships seen in developing countries. In a Cobb-Douglas economy, these relationships hold in the short-run, potentially working over the long-run in other economies. Overall, the model shows that group interests may hinder emergence of perfect capital markets with private initiatives. Where developing countries are concerned, these results have strong implications for population policy. A policy mix of building good quality schools, or subsidizing rural education, introducing a formal social security program, and providing high-yield, risk-free investments, banking, and insurance services to the poor is recommended.

  8. 26 CFR 1.404(d)-1T - Questions and answers relating to deductibility of deferred compensation and deferred benefits...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... of deferred compensation and deferred benefits for independent contractors. (Temporary) 1.404(d)-1T... Questions and answers relating to deductibility of deferred compensation and deferred benefits for..., deferring the receipt of compensation or providing for deferred benefits for service providers with...

  9. 34 CFR 682.210 - Deferment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... that is limited to a maximum period of time only if the total amount of time that the borrower has received the deferment does not exceed the maximum time period allowed for the deferment. (2)(i) For a loan... the lender, at or before the time the deferment is granted, that the borrower has the option to...

  10. 34 CFR 682.210 - Deferment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION (CONTINUED) FEDERAL FAMILY EDUCATION LOAN (FFEL) PROGRAM General Provisions § 682.210... deferment authorized under paragraph (b)(2)(v) of this section); or (v) When a mother who has preschool-age...) of this section. (i) Military deferment. (1) To qualify for a military deferment, a borrower or...

  11. Accumulator

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Fenwick, J. R.; Karigan, G. H. (Inventor)

    1977-01-01

    An accumulator particularly adapted for use in controlling the pressure of a stream of fluid in its liquid phase utilizing the fluid in its gaseous phase was designed. The accumulator is characterized by a shell defining a pressure chamber having an entry throat for a liquid and adapted to be connected in contiguous relation with a selected conduit having a stream of fluid flowing through the conduit in its liquid phase. A pressure and volume stabilization tube, including an array of pressure relief perforations is projected into the chamber with the perforations disposed adjacent to the entry throat for accommodating a discharge of the fluid in either gaseous or liquid phases, while a gas inlet and liquid to gas conversion system is provided, the chamber is connected with a source of the fluid for continuously pressuring the chamber for controlling the pressure of the stream of liquid.

  12. 26 CFR 1.404(a)-1T - Questions and answers relating to deductibility of deferred compensation and deferred benefits...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... of deferred compensation and deferred benefits for employees. (Temporary) 1.404(a)-1T Section 1.404(a... relating to deductibility of deferred compensation and deferred benefits for employees. (Temporary) Q-1... providing for deferred benefits to employees, their spouses, or their dependents. See section 404(b) and §...

  13. 26 CFR 1.401(k)-1 - Certain cash or deferred arrangements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... each employee's gross income. (6) Rules applicable to cash or deferred arrangements of self-employed... contributions made on behalf of self-employed individuals. Under section 402(g)(8), matching contributions made on behalf of a self-employed individual are not treated as elective contributions made pursuant to...

  14. 26 CFR 1.401(k)-1 - Certain cash or deferred arrangements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... each employee's gross income. (6) Rules applicable to cash or deferred arrangements of self-employed... contributions made on behalf of self-employed individuals. Under section 402(g)(8), matching contributions made on behalf of a self-employed individual are not treated as elective contributions made pursuant to...

  15. 34 CFR 682.210 - Deferment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION (CONTINUED) FEDERAL FAMILY EDUCATION LOAN (FFEL) PROGRAM General Provisions § 682.210... authorized under paragraph (b)(2)(v) of this section); or (iv) A mother who has preschool-age children (i.e...) of this section. (i) Military deferment. (1) To qualify for a military deferment, a borrower or...

  16. 34 CFR 682.210 - Deferment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION (CONTINUED) FEDERAL FAMILY EDUCATION LOAN (FFEL) PROGRAM General Provisions § 682.210... authorized under paragraph (b)(2)(v) of this section); or (iv) A mother who has preschool-age children (i.e...) of this section. (i) Military deferment. (1) To qualify for a military deferment, a borrower or...

  17. 5 CFR 842.212 - Deferred retirement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Deferred retirement. 842.212 Section 842... (CONTINUED) FEDERAL EMPLOYEES RETIREMENT SYSTEM-BASIC ANNUITY Eligibility § 842.212 Deferred retirement. (a... this section, an employee or Member who has not attained the minimum retirement age, and who,...

  18. 5 CFR 842.212 - Deferred retirement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Deferred retirement. 842.212 Section 842... (CONTINUED) FEDERAL EMPLOYEES RETIREMENT SYSTEM-BASIC ANNUITY Eligibility § 842.212 Deferred retirement. (a... this section, an employee or Member who has not attained the minimum retirement age, and who,...

  19. 5 CFR 842.212 - Deferred retirement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Deferred retirement. 842.212 Section 842... (CONTINUED) FEDERAL EMPLOYEES RETIREMENT SYSTEM-BASIC ANNUITY Eligibility § 842.212 Deferred retirement. (a... this section, an employee or Member who has not attained the minimum retirement age, and who,...

  20. 5 CFR 842.212 - Deferred retirement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Deferred retirement. 842.212 Section 842... (CONTINUED) FEDERAL EMPLOYEES RETIREMENT SYSTEM-BASIC ANNUITY Eligibility § 842.212 Deferred retirement. (a... this section, an employee or Member who has not attained the minimum retirement age, and who,...

  1. 5 CFR 842.212 - Deferred retirement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Deferred retirement. 842.212 Section 842... (CONTINUED) FEDERAL EMPLOYEES RETIREMENT SYSTEM-BASIC ANNUITY Eligibility § 842.212 Deferred retirement. (a... this section, an employee or Member who has not attained the minimum retirement age, and who,...

  2. How to avoid deferred-compensation troubles.

    PubMed

    Freeman, Todd I

    2005-06-01

    Executive compensation packages have long included stock options and deferred compensation plans in order to compete for talent. Last year, Congress passed a law in response to the Enron debacle, in which executives were perceived to be protecting their deferred compensation at the expense of employees, creditors, and investors. The new law is designed to protect companies and their shareholders from being raided by the very executives that guided the company to financial ruin. Physicians who are part owners of medical practices need to know about the changes in the law regarding deferred compensation and how to avoid costly tax penalties. This article discusses how the changes affect medical practices as well as steps physician-owned clinics can take to avoid the risk of penalty, such as freezing deferred compensation and creating a new deferred compensation plan.

  3. 17 CFR 256.253 - Other deferred credits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Other deferred credits. 256... HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 1935 8. Deferred Credits § 256.253 Other deferred credits. This account shall include advance billings and receipts and other deferred credit items, not provided for...

  4. Deferred Maintenance Strategies You Must Try.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sturgeon, Julie

    2000-01-01

    Discusses how some college administrators have found "over-the-counter" cures for deferred maintenance problems resulting from budgeting shortfalls. Catch-up approaches discussed include those involving planning, prioritizing, partnering, and gift giving. (GR)

  5. 34 CFR 674.38 - Deferment procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... deferment on another Perkins Loan, a FFEL Loan, or a Direct Loan for the same reason and the same time... the borrower's full term of service in the Peace Corps, or the borrower's remaining period...

  6. 34 CFR 674.38 - Deferment procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... deferment on another Perkins Loan, a FFEL Loan, or a Direct Loan for the same reason and the same time... the borrower's full term of service in the Peace Corps, or the borrower's remaining period...

  7. 34 CFR 674.38 - Deferment procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... deferment on another Perkins Loan, a FFEL Loan, or a Direct Loan for the same reason and the same time... the borrower's full term of service in the Peace Corps, or the borrower's remaining period...

  8. 34 CFR 674.38 - Deferment procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... deferment on another Perkins Loan, a FFEL Loan, or a Direct Loan for the same reason and the same time... the borrower's full term of service in the Peace Corps, or the borrower's remaining period...

  9. 34 CFR 674.38 - Deferment procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... deferment on another Perkins Loan, a FFEL Loan, or a Direct Loan for the same reason and the same time... the borrower's full term of service in the Peace Corps, or the borrower's remaining period...

  10. 75 FR 55677 - Guidance Regarding Deferred Discharge of Indebtedness Income of Corporations and Deferred...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-14

    ... deductions) under section 108(i)(5)(D), and the calculation of earnings and profits as a result of an... * * *. 0 Par. 2. Section 1.108(i)-1T is amended by revising the fifth sentence of paragraph (b)(2)(iii)(A... amends to temporary regulations under section 108(i) of the Internal Revenue Code. These...

  11. 78 FR 48607 - Guidance Regarding Deferred Discharge of Indebtedness Income of Corporations and Deferred...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-09

    ... regulations (TD 9622) contains errors that may prove to be misleading and are in need of clarification... the preamble, under the paragraph heading ``Special Analyses'', lines 19 and 20, the language...

  12. 78 FR 39984 - Guidance Regarding Deferred Discharge of Indebtedness Income of Corporations and Deferred...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-03

    ...) under section 108(i)(5)(D) (acceleration rules), and the calculation of earnings and profits as a result... deductions, and the rules for earnings and profits, Robert M. Rhyne (202) 622-7790; concerning the generally... has been ] reviewed and approved by the Office of Management and Budget in accordance with...

  13. 48 CFR 227.7103-8 - Deferred delivery and deferred ordering of technical data.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Deferred delivery and deferred ordering of technical data. 227.7103-8 Section 227.7103-8 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE ACQUISITION REGULATIONS SYSTEM, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE GENERAL CONTRACTING REQUIREMENTS...

  14. 48 CFR 227.7103-8 - Deferred delivery and deferred ordering of technical data.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Deferred delivery and deferred ordering of technical data. 227.7103-8 Section 227.7103-8 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE ACQUISITION REGULATIONS SYSTEM, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE GENERAL CONTRACTING REQUIREMENTS...

  15. 48 CFR 227.7103-8 - Deferred delivery and deferred ordering of technical data.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Deferred delivery and deferred ordering of technical data. 227.7103-8 Section 227.7103-8 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE ACQUISITION REGULATIONS SYSTEM, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE GENERAL CONTRACTING REQUIREMENTS...

  16. 48 CFR 227.7103-8 - Deferred delivery and deferred ordering of technical data.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Deferred delivery and deferred ordering of technical data. 227.7103-8 Section 227.7103-8 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE ACQUISITION REGULATIONS SYSTEM, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE GENERAL CONTRACTING REQUIREMENTS...

  17. 48 CFR 227.7103-8 - Deferred delivery and deferred ordering of technical data.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Deferred delivery and deferred ordering of technical data. 227.7103-8 Section 227.7103-8 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE ACQUISITION REGULATIONS SYSTEM, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE GENERAL CONTRACTING REQUIREMENTS...

  18. 32 CFR 1624.7 - Expiration of deferment or exemption.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... INDUCTIONS § 1624.7 Expiration of deferment or exemption. The Director shall issue an Order to Report for Induction to a registrant who is liable for induction whenever his deferment or exemption expires....

  19. 32 CFR 1624.7 - Expiration of deferment or exemption.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... INDUCTIONS § 1624.7 Expiration of deferment or exemption. The Director shall issue an Order to Report for Induction to a registrant who is liable for induction whenever his deferment or exemption expires....

  20. 38 CFR 17.608 - Deferment of obligated service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... MEDICAL Va Health Professional Scholarship Program § 17.608 Deferment of obligated service. (a) Request... advanced clinical training. The Secretary may defer the beginning date of the obligated service to allow the participant to complete the advanced clinical training program. The period of this deferment...

  1. 18 CFR 367.2530 - Account, 253, Other deferred credits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... GAS ACT Balance Sheet Chart of Accounts Deferred Credits § 367.2530 Account, 253, Other deferred... deferred credits. 367.2530 Section 367.2530 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION, DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY REGULATIONS UNDER THE PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF...

  2. 7 CFR 1721.106 - Repayment of deferred payments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... been deferred will be reamortized over the remaining life of the applicable note beginning in the first..., 2006, and 2007, will be added to the principal balance and reamortized over the life of the applicable... Borrower defers the payment of principal and recognition of the deferred amount will begin with the...

  3. 48 CFR 227.7203-8 - Deferred delivery and deferred ordering of computer software and computer software documentation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... deferred ordering of computer software and computer software documentation. 227.7203-8 Section 227.7203-8... GENERAL CONTRACTING REQUIREMENTS PATENTS, DATA, AND COPYRIGHTS Rights in Computer Software and Computer Software Documentation 227.7203-8 Deferred delivery and deferred ordering of computer software and...

  4. 48 CFR 227.7203-8 - Deferred delivery and deferred ordering of computer software and computer software documentation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... deferred ordering of computer software and computer software documentation. 227.7203-8 Section 227.7203-8... GENERAL CONTRACTING REQUIREMENTS PATENTS, DATA, AND COPYRIGHTS Rights in Computer Software and Computer Software Documentation 227.7203-8 Deferred delivery and deferred ordering of computer software and...

  5. 48 CFR 227.7203-8 - Deferred delivery and deferred ordering of computer software and computer software documentation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... deferred ordering of computer software and computer software documentation. 227.7203-8 Section 227.7203-8... GENERAL CONTRACTING REQUIREMENTS PATENTS, DATA, AND COPYRIGHTS Rights in Computer Software and Computer Software Documentation 227.7203-8 Deferred delivery and deferred ordering of computer software and...

  6. 48 CFR 227.7203-8 - Deferred delivery and deferred ordering of computer software and computer software documentation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... deferred ordering of computer software and computer software documentation. 227.7203-8 Section 227.7203-8... GENERAL CONTRACTING REQUIREMENTS PATENTS, DATA, AND COPYRIGHTS Rights in Computer Software and Computer Software Documentation 227.7203-8 Deferred delivery and deferred ordering of computer software and...

  7. 48 CFR 227.7203-8 - Deferred delivery and deferred ordering of computer software and computer software documentation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... deferred ordering of computer software and computer software documentation. 227.7203-8 Section 227.7203-8... GENERAL CONTRACTING REQUIREMENTS PATENTS, DATA, AND COPYRIGHTS Rights in Computer Software and Computer Software Documentation 227.7203-8 Deferred delivery and deferred ordering of computer software and...

  8. 26 CFR 31.3306(r)(2)-1 - Treatment of amounts deferred under certain nonqualified deferred compensation plans.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... nonqualified deferred compensation plans. 31.3306(r)(2)-1 Section 31.3306(r)(2)-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL..., Internal Revenue Code of 1954) § 31.3306(r)(2)-1 Treatment of amounts deferred under certain nonqualified deferred compensation plans. (a) In general. Section 3306(r)(2) provides a special timing rule for the...

  9. 26 CFR 31.3306(r)(2)-1 - Treatment of amounts deferred under certain nonqualified deferred compensation plans.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... nonqualified deferred compensation plans. 31.3306(r)(2)-1 Section 31.3306(r)(2)-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL..., Internal Revenue Code of 1954) § 31.3306(r)(2)-1 Treatment of amounts deferred under certain nonqualified deferred compensation plans. (a) In general. Section 3306(r)(2) provides a special timing rule for the...

  10. 42 CFR 60.12 - Deferment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... approve the deferment. The lender or holder may rely in good faith upon statements of the borrower and the... to the lender or holder. When those verification statements or other information conflict with... established by the Public Health Service for the payment of uniform levels of financial support for...

  11. 42 CFR 60.12 - Deferment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...” in the Guaranteed Student Loan Program; (2) Up to 4 years during which the borrower is a participant... HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GRANTS HEALTH EDUCATION ASSISTANCE LOAN PROGRAM The Loan § 60.12 Deferment. (a) After the repayment period has commenced, installments of...

  12. 42 CFR 60.12 - Deferment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...” in the Guaranteed Student Loan Program; (2) Up to 4 years during which the borrower is a participant... HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GRANTS HEALTH EDUCATION ASSISTANCE LOAN PROGRAM The Loan § 60.12 Deferment. (a) After the repayment period has commenced, installments of...

  13. 42 CFR 60.12 - Deferment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...” in the Guaranteed Student Loan Program; (2) Up to 4 years during which the borrower is a participant... HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GRANTS HEALTH EDUCATION ASSISTANCE LOAN PROGRAM The Loan § 60.12 Deferment. (a) After the repayment period has commenced, installments of...

  14. 42 CFR 60.12 - Deferment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...” in the Guaranteed Student Loan Program; (2) Up to 4 years during which the borrower is a participant... HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GRANTS HEALTH EDUCATION ASSISTANCE LOAN PROGRAM The Loan § 60.12 Deferment. (a) After the repayment period has commenced, installments of...

  15. 37 CFR 401.15 - Deferred determinations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE RIGHTS TO INVENTIONS MADE BY NONPROFIT ORGANIZATIONS AND SMALL BUSINESS FIRMS UNDER... applies to requests for greater rights in subject inventions made by contractors when deferred... accordance with its waiver regulations or this section. A contractor requesting greater rights should...

  16. The Costs and Benefits of Deferred Giving.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fink, Norman S.; Metzler, Howard C.

    It is argued in this book that while there can be a significant payoff for deferred giving programs, it is important to determine their cost effectiveness. Modern business methods of cost accounting, benefits analysis, and actuarial and econometric forecasting are applied to the Pomona College plan, whose study was supported by Lilly Endowment,…

  17. Deferred action battery activated by rotation

    SciTech Connect

    Hruden, W.R.

    1988-02-16

    A deferred action battery is described comprising: a rotor having a longitudinal axis therethrough and having an outer circumference that is capable of being gripped by hand, and a stator adjacent the rotor and being rotatably mounted with respect to the rotor about the longitudinal axis.

  18. Occupational Deferments in U. S. Industry.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alden, John D.; Vetter, Betty M.

    Contained are the results and conclusions of a survey conducted in December, 1969, to ascertain the extent to which occupational deferments are an important factor in manpower utilization. A questionnaire was sent to employers in the following major employment categories - aerospace and defense; chemicals, metals and petroleum; construction and…

  19. 38 CFR 3.260 - Computation of income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... counted for the calendar year in which it is received. (a) Installments. Income will be determined by the total amount received or anticipated during the calendar year. (b) Deferred determinations. Where there... of the calendar year when the total income received during the year may be determined....

  20. 38 CFR 3.260 - Computation of income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... counted for the calendar year in which it is received. (a) Installments. Income will be determined by the total amount received or anticipated during the calendar year. (b) Deferred determinations. Where there... of the calendar year when the total income received during the year may be determined....

  1. An Introduction to Annuity, Life Income, and Bequest Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dunseth, William B.

    Deferred giving in higher education is the practice of making a gift to an institution during one's lifetime while continuing to receive income from that donated asset. The history of the practice and the reasons for its value to donors and institutions are outlined. Options for annuity and life income plans are discussed: gift annuity, deferred…

  2. Mixed-Precision Spectral Deferred Correction: Preprint

    SciTech Connect

    Grout, Ray W. S.

    2015-09-02

    Convergence of spectral deferred correction (SDC), where low-order time integration methods are used to construct higher-order methods through iterative refinement, can be accelerated in terms of computational effort by using mixed-precision methods. Using ideas from multi-level SDC (in turn based on FAS multigrid ideas), some of the SDC correction sweeps can use function values computed in reduced precision without adversely impacting the accuracy of the final solution. This is particularly beneficial for the performance of combustion solvers such as S3D [6] which require double precision accuracy but are performance limited by the cost of data motion.

  3. Deferred compensation for tax-exempt entities.

    PubMed

    Rich, C; Jenkins, G E

    1993-10-01

    Many executives in tax-exempt organizations, including healthcare executives, find their tax-advantaged savings opportunities dramatically reduced today compared to previous years. The benefit of employer-sponsored, "qualified" retirement and savings programs has been severely limited by ever-increasing tax restrictions on such plans when they are offered by tax-exempt organizations. And the opportunity for tax-sheltered personal investments has virtually disappeared. One of the last remaining opportunities for tax-advantaged savings in tax-exempt organizations is an employer-sponsored, non-qualified, deferred compensation plan, an option that appears increasingly attractive in light of the recently enacted increased personal tax rates.

  4. 38 CFR 17.608 - Deferment of obligated service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... completion of the requested graduate training for which the deferment was granted. Travel and relocation... for deferment. A participant receiving a degree from a school of medicine, osteopathy, dentistry...-quarters of a calendar year for each year of approved graduate training (or a proportionate ratio...

  5. 38 CFR 17.608 - Deferment of obligated service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... completion of the requested graduate training for which the deferment was granted. Travel and relocation... for deferment. A participant receiving a degree from a school of medicine, osteopathy, dentistry...-quarters of a calendar year for each year of approved graduate training (or a proportionate ratio...

  6. 38 CFR 17.608 - Deferment of obligated service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Deferment of obligated service. 17.608 Section 17.608 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS MEDICAL Va Health Professional Scholarship Program § 17.608 Deferment of obligated service. (a)...

  7. 12 CFR 615.5209 - Deferred-tax assets.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... within that year. (4) Financial projections must include the estimated effect of tax-planning strategies... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Deferred-tax assets. 615.5209 Section 615.5209... POLICIES AND OPERATIONS, AND FUNDING OPERATIONS Capital Adequacy § 615.5209 Deferred-tax assets....

  8. 38 CFR 17.608 - Deferment of obligated service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... MEDICAL Va Health Professional Scholarship Program § 17.608 Deferment of obligated service. (a) Request for deferment. A participant receiving a degree from a school of medicine, osteopathy, dentistry...-quarters of a calendar year for each year of approved graduate training (or a proportionate ratio...

  9. The Public School Infrastructure Problem: Deteriorating Buildings and Deferred Maintenance

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hunter, Richard C.

    2009-01-01

    The deterioration of public school buildings is more prevalent in large cities that, because of funding shortfalls, have deferred maintenance and require huge sums to bring their buildings up to acceptable standards. Cities such as New York will require approximately $680 million to address the problem of deferred maintenance for needed painting,…

  10. 8 CFR 235.2 - Parole for deferred inspection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Parole for deferred inspection. 235.2 Section 235.2 Aliens and Nationality DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY IMMIGRATION REGULATIONS INSPECTION OF PERSONS APPLYING FOR ADMISSION § 235.2 Parole for deferred inspection. (a) A district director may, in...

  11. 8 CFR 235.2 - Parole for deferred inspection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Parole for deferred inspection. 235.2 Section 235.2 Aliens and Nationality DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY IMMIGRATION REGULATIONS INSPECTION OF PERSONS APPLYING FOR ADMISSION § 235.2 Parole for deferred inspection. (a) A district director may, in...

  12. 8 CFR 1235.2 - Parole for deferred inspection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Parole for deferred inspection. 1235.2 Section 1235.2 Aliens and Nationality EXECUTIVE OFFICE FOR IMMIGRATION REVIEW, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE IMMIGRATION REGULATIONS INSPECTION OF PERSONS APPLYING FOR ADMISSION § 1235.2 Parole for deferred...

  13. 8 CFR 1235.2 - Parole for deferred inspection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Parole for deferred inspection. 1235.2 Section 1235.2 Aliens and Nationality EXECUTIVE OFFICE FOR IMMIGRATION REVIEW, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE IMMIGRATION REGULATIONS INSPECTION OF PERSONS APPLYING FOR ADMISSION § 1235.2 Parole for deferred...

  14. 8 CFR 1235.2 - Parole for deferred inspection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Parole for deferred inspection. 1235.2 Section 1235.2 Aliens and Nationality EXECUTIVE OFFICE FOR IMMIGRATION REVIEW, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE IMMIGRATION REGULATIONS INSPECTION OF PERSONS APPLYING FOR ADMISSION § 1235.2 Parole for deferred...

  15. 8 CFR 235.2 - Parole for deferred inspection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Parole for deferred inspection. 235.2 Section 235.2 Aliens and Nationality DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY IMMIGRATION REGULATIONS INSPECTION OF PERSONS APPLYING FOR ADMISSION § 235.2 Parole for deferred inspection. (a) A district director may, in...

  16. 8 CFR 1235.2 - Parole for deferred inspection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Parole for deferred inspection. 1235.2 Section 1235.2 Aliens and Nationality EXECUTIVE OFFICE FOR IMMIGRATION REVIEW, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE IMMIGRATION REGULATIONS INSPECTION OF PERSONS APPLYING FOR ADMISSION § 1235.2 Parole for deferred...

  17. 8 CFR 235.2 - Parole for deferred inspection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Parole for deferred inspection. 235.2 Section 235.2 Aliens and Nationality DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY IMMIGRATION REGULATIONS INSPECTION OF PERSONS APPLYING FOR ADMISSION § 235.2 Parole for deferred inspection. (a) A district director may, in...

  18. 8 CFR 235.2 - Parole for deferred inspection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Parole for deferred inspection. 235.2 Section 235.2 Aliens and Nationality DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY IMMIGRATION REGULATIONS INSPECTION OF PERSONS APPLYING FOR ADMISSION § 235.2 Parole for deferred inspection. (a) A district director may, in...

  19. 8 CFR 1235.2 - Parole for deferred inspection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Parole for deferred inspection. 1235.2 Section 1235.2 Aliens and Nationality EXECUTIVE OFFICE FOR IMMIGRATION REVIEW, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE IMMIGRATION REGULATIONS INSPECTION OF PERSONS APPLYING FOR ADMISSION § 1235.2 Parole for deferred...

  20. Deferred and Immediate Imitation in Regressive and Early Onset Autism

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rogers, Sally J.; Young, Gregory S.; Cook, Ian; Giolzetti, Angelo; Ozonoff, Sally

    2008-01-01

    Deferred imitation has long held a privileged position in early cognitive development, considered an early marker of representational thought with links to language development and symbolic processes. Children with autism have difficulties with several abilities generally thought to be related to deferred imitation: immediate imitation, language,…

  1. 43 CFR 3836.27 - When must I complete my deferred assessment work?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... ASSESSMENT WORK REQUIREMENTS FOR MINING CLAIMS Deferring Assessment Work § 3836.27 When must I complete my deferred assessment work? (a) You may begin the deferred assessment work any time after the deferment ends... assessment work? 3836.27 Section 3836.27 Public Lands: Interior Regulations Relating to Public...

  2. 'Faking til you make it': social capital accumulation of individuals on low incomes living in contrasting socio-economic neighbourhoods and its implications for health and wellbeing.

    PubMed

    Browne-Yung, Kathryn; Ziersch, Anna; Baum, Fran

    2013-05-01

    People on low-income living in low socio-economic neighbourhoods have poorer health in comparison with those living in advantaged neighbourhoods. To explore neighbourhood effects on health and social capital creation, the experiences of low-income people living in contrasting socio-economic neighbourhoods were compared, in order to examine how low-income status and differing levels of neighbourhood resources contributed to perceived health and wellbeing. Quantitative and qualitative data were analysed: survey data from 601 individuals living in contrasting socio-economic areas and in-depth interviews with a new sample of 24 individuals on low-incomes. The study was guided by Bourdieu's theory of practice, which examines how social inequalities are created and reproduced through the relationship between individuals' varying resources of economic, social and cultural capital. This included an examination of individual life histories, cultural distinction and how social positions are reproduced. Participants' accounts of their early life experience showed how parental socio-economic position and socially patterned events taking place across the life course, created different opportunities for social network creation, choice of neighbourhood and levels of resources available throughout life, all of which can influence health and wellbeing. A definition of poverty by whether an individual or household has sufficient income at a particular point in time was an inadequate measure of disadvantage. This static measure of 'low income' as a category disguised a number of different ways in which disadvantage was experienced or, conversely, how life course events could mitigate the impact of low-income. This study found that the resources necessary to create social capital such as cultural capital and the ability to socially network, differed according to the socio-economic status of the neighbourhood, and that living in an advantaged area does not automatically guarantee

  3. 7 CFR 3550.54 - Calculation of income and assets.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... (including gifts); (6) Lump sum additions to family assets such as inheritances; capital gains; insurance... losses; and deferred periodic payments of supplemental security income and Social Security benefits... other forms of capital investments including life insurance policies and retirement plans that...

  4. Help Is Available on Tax-Deferred Annuity Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    School Administrator, 1985

    1985-01-01

    Briefly reviews different types of tax-deferred annuities (TDA's) and describes the National Education Association's TDA Studies--comparative analyses of specific fixed, variable, and qualified mutual fund annuity packages. (PGD)

  5. 18 CFR 367.1860 - Account 186, Miscellaneous deferred debits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... NATURAL GAS ACT Balance Sheet Chart of Accounts Deferred Debits § 367.1860 Account 186, Miscellaneous... ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION, DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY REGULATIONS UNDER THE PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING...

  6. 7 CFR 930.63 - Deferment of restricted obligation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Fruits, Vegetables, Nuts), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE TART CHERRIES GROWN IN THE STATES OF MICHIGAN, NEW YORK, PENNSYLVANIA, OREGON, UTAH, WASHINGTON, AND WISCONSIN... regulations issued thereunder, secure bonds on restricted percentage cherries to temporarily defer the...

  7. 34 CFR 685.204 - Deferment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... mental health services programs; (D) A State agency with responsibility for alcohol abuse treatment..., Supplemental Security Income, Food Stamps, or State general public assistance; (iii) Is working full-time (as... paragraph (g)(3)(v) of this section) as published annually by the Department of Health and Human...

  8. 78 FR 77696 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Consideration of Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-24

    ... of Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals, Form I-821D, OMB Control No. 1615-0124; Correction ACTION... Consideration of Deferred Action for ] Childhood Arrivals, Form I-821D in accordance with the...

  9. 7 CFR 1703.306 - Limitation on funds derived from the deferment of loan payments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 11 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Limitation on funds derived from the deferment of... Payments for Rural Development Projects § 1703.306 Limitation on funds derived from the deferment of loan payments. Funds derived from the deferment of loan payments will not be used: (a) To fund or...

  10. 78 FR 76636 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Consideration of Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-18

    ... of Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals, Form I-821D; Revision of a Currently Approved Collection...) Title of the Form/Collection: Consideration of Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals. (3) Agency form... be considered for deferred action for childhood arrivals: 1. Were under the age of 31 as of June...

  11. 78 FR 13370 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Consideration of Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-27

    ... of Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals, Form I-821D; Revision of a Currently Approved Collection... of the Form/Collection: Consideration of Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals. (3) Agency form... children and meet the following guidelines to be considered for deferred action for childhood arrivals:...

  12. 77 FR 49451 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Consideration of Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-16

    ... of Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals, Form I-821D, New Information Collection; Emergency... ``Request for Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals, 1615-NEW'' in the subject box. Regardless of the... information collection. (2) Title of the Form/Collection: Consideration of Deferred Action for...

  13. 47 CFR 32.4361 - Deferred tax regulatory adjustments-net.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Deferred tax regulatory adjustments-net. 32... Accounts § 32.4361 Deferred tax regulatory adjustments—net. (a) This account shall include amounts of... Account 4341, Net deferred tax liability adjustments. (b) This account shall also be adjusted for...

  14. 47 CFR 32.4361 - Deferred tax regulatory adjustments-net.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Deferred tax regulatory adjustments-net. 32... Accounts § 32.4361 Deferred tax regulatory adjustments—net. (a) This account shall include amounts of... Account 4341, Net deferred tax liability adjustments. (b) This account shall also be adjusted for...

  15. 47 CFR 32.4361 - Deferred tax regulatory adjustments-net.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Deferred tax regulatory adjustments-net. 32... Accounts § 32.4361 Deferred tax regulatory adjustments—net. (a) This account shall include amounts of... Account 4341, Net deferred tax liability adjustments. (b) This account shall also be adjusted for...

  16. 47 CFR 32.4361 - Deferred tax regulatory adjustments-net.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Deferred tax regulatory adjustments-net. 32... Accounts § 32.4361 Deferred tax regulatory adjustments—net. (a) This account shall include amounts of... Account 4341, Net deferred tax liability adjustments. (b) This account shall also be adjusted for...

  17. 47 CFR 32.4361 - Deferred tax regulatory adjustments-net.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Deferred tax regulatory adjustments-net. 32... Accounts § 32.4361 Deferred tax regulatory adjustments—net. (a) This account shall include amounts of... Account 4341, Net deferred tax liability adjustments. (b) This account shall also be adjusted for...

  18. Deferred Imitation and Social Communication in Speaking and Nonspeaking Children with Autism

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Strid, Karin; Heimann, Mikael; Gillberg, Christopher; Smith, Lars; Tjus, Tomas

    2013-01-01

    Deferred imitation and early social communication skills were compared among speaking and nonspeaking children with autism and children developing typically. Overall, the children with autism showed a lower frequency on measures of deferred imitation and social communication compared with typically developing children. Deferred imitation was…

  19. Error sources in deferred heterodyne moire deflectometry - An analytical study

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Stricker, Josef

    1989-01-01

    The effects of the aperture size and shape of the photodetector and of the structure of the grating lines on the performance of deferred electronic heterodyne moire deflectometry are studied. It is shown that scanning of a moire fringe pattern parallel to an unshifted fringe yields periodical variations in the heterodyne phase and amplitude, which cause severe errors in the measurements.

  20. 26 CFR 1.174-4 - Treatment as deferred expenses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... the property resulting from the research or experimental expenditures has no determinable useful life. If the property resulting from the expenditures has a determinable useful life, section 174(b) is not... life. Amounts treated as deferred expenses are properly chargeable to capital account for purposes...

  1. 26 CFR 1.174-4 - Treatment as deferred expenses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... the property resulting from the research or experimental expenditures has no determinable useful life. If the property resulting from the expenditures has a determinable useful life, section 174(b) is not... life. Amounts treated as deferred expenses are properly chargeable to capital account for purposes...

  2. 25 CFR 152.35 - Deferred payment sales.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Deferred payment sales. 152.35 Section 152.35 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER ISSUANCE OF PATENTS IN FEE, CERTIFICATES OF COMPETENCY, REMOVAL OF RESTRICTIONS, AND SALE OF CERTAIN INDIAN LANDS Mortgages and Deeds...

  3. 25 CFR 152.35 - Deferred payment sales.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2012-04-01 2011-04-01 true Deferred payment sales. 152.35 Section 152.35 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER ISSUANCE OF PATENTS IN FEE, CERTIFICATES OF COMPETENCY, REMOVAL OF RESTRICTIONS, AND SALE OF CERTAIN INDIAN LANDS Mortgages and Deeds...

  4. 25 CFR 152.35 - Deferred payment sales.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Deferred payment sales. 152.35 Section 152.35 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER ISSUANCE OF PATENTS IN FEE, CERTIFICATES OF COMPETENCY, REMOVAL OF RESTRICTIONS, AND SALE OF CERTAIN INDIAN LANDS Mortgages and Deeds...

  5. 25 CFR 152.35 - Deferred payment sales.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Deferred payment sales. 152.35 Section 152.35 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER ISSUANCE OF PATENTS IN FEE, CERTIFICATES OF COMPETENCY, REMOVAL OF RESTRICTIONS, AND SALE OF CERTAIN INDIAN LANDS Mortgages and Deeds...

  6. 25 CFR 152.35 - Deferred payment sales.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Deferred payment sales. 152.35 Section 152.35 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER ISSUANCE OF PATENTS IN FEE, CERTIFICATES OF COMPETENCY, REMOVAL OF RESTRICTIONS, AND SALE OF CERTAIN INDIAN LANDS Mortgages and Deeds...

  7. 47 CFR 32.4341 - Net deferred tax liability adjustments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Net deferred tax liability adjustments. 32.4341 Section 32.4341 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) COMMON CARRIER SERVICES UNIFORM SYSTEM OF ACCOUNTS FOR TELECOMMUNICATIONS COMPANIES Instructions for Balance Sheet Accounts §...

  8. Education Equality: What Happens to a Dream Deferred?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davis, Annie

    2014-01-01

    What happens if Americans fundamental freedoms are denied or deferred? What is the ideal of freedom? Boston, Massachusetts, has long been a crucible for social, cultural, and political change. Here was the shot heard 'round the world, stronghold of abolition, home to the U.S. Colored Troops, the birthplace of American literature.... Boston is also…

  9. Do Students Need a Deferred Tuition Payment Plan?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Duplass, James A.

    1984-01-01

    Wayne State University's experiences in altering its deferred tuition payment plan to improve cash flow but not adversely affect enrollment are outlined and analyzed. The new plan saved money for the university and encouraged early registration, and most students opted to prepay tuition, saving the late payment fee. (MSE)

  10. 7 CFR 930.163 - Deferment of restricted obligation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Fruits, Vegetables, Nuts), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE TART CHERRIES GROWN IN THE STATES OF MICHIGAN, NEW YORK, PENNSYLVANIA, OREGON, UTAH, WASHINGTON, AND WISCONSIN... bond on restricted percentage cherries to be posted to temporarily defer the date that...

  11. 7 CFR 982.54 - Deferment of restricted obligation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; FRUITS, VEGETABLES, NUTS), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE HAZELNUTS... restricted hazelnuts may be withheld shall be temporarily deferred to any date requested by the handler, but... beginning to handle merchantable hazelnuts during the marketing year. Such written undertaking shall...

  12. 7 CFR 982.54 - Deferment of restricted obligation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Fruits, Vegetables, Nuts), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE HAZELNUTS... restricted hazelnuts may be withheld shall be temporarily deferred to any date requested by the handler, but... beginning to handle merchantable hazelnuts during the marketing year. Such written undertaking shall...

  13. 7 CFR 982.54 - Deferment of restricted obligation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; FRUITS, VEGETABLES, NUTS), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE HAZELNUTS... restricted hazelnuts may be withheld shall be temporarily deferred to any date requested by the handler, but... beginning to handle merchantable hazelnuts during the marketing year. Such written undertaking shall...

  14. 7 CFR 982.54 - Deferment of restricted obligation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Fruits, Vegetables, Nuts), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE HAZELNUTS... restricted hazelnuts may be withheld shall be temporarily deferred to any date requested by the handler, but... beginning to handle merchantable hazelnuts during the marketing year. Such written undertaking shall...

  15. 7 CFR 982.54 - Deferment of restricted obligation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Fruits, Vegetables, Nuts), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE HAZELNUTS... restricted hazelnuts may be withheld shall be temporarily deferred to any date requested by the handler, but... beginning to handle merchantable hazelnuts during the marketing year. Such written undertaking shall...

  16. Retrieval Protracts Deferred Imitation by 6-Month-Olds

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barr, Rachel; Rovee-Collier, Carolyn; Campanella, Jennifer

    2005-01-01

    Past research using a deferred imitation task has shown that 6-month-olds remember a 3-part action sequence for only 1 day. The concept of a time window suggests that there is a limited period within which additional information can be integrated with a prior memory. Its width tracks the forgetting function of the memory. This study asked if…

  17. Deferred imitation of object-related actions in human-reared juvenile chimpanzees and orangutans.

    PubMed

    Bering, J M; Bjorklund, D F; Ragan, P

    2000-04-01

    Deferred imitation of object-related actions (e.g., picking up a cloth with a set of tongs) was assessed in 3 enculturated juvenile orangutans (Pongo pygmaeus) and 3 enculturated juvenile chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). For each task, animals were given 4 min to explore the objects (baseline), followed by a demonstration of the target behavior, and 10 min later, were re-presented the objects (deferred phase). Each animal displayed deferred imitation on at least one trial, with each species demonstrating deferred imitation on approximately half of all possible trials. The findings were interpreted as reflecting cognitive abilities in juvenile great apes that permit deferred imitation under humanlike rearing conditions.

  18. 5 CFR 847.906 - How is the present value of a deferred annuity without credit for NAFI service computed?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false How is the present value of a deferred... § 847.906 How is the present value of a deferred annuity without credit for NAFI service computed? (a) The present value of a deferred annuity equals the present value of the deferred annuity...

  19. Preschool children's proto-episodic memory assessed by deferred imitation.

    PubMed

    Burns, Patrick; Russell, Charlotte; Russell, James

    2015-01-01

    In two experiments, both employing deferred imitation, we studied the developmental origins of episodic memory in two- to three-year-old children by adopting a "minimalist" view of episodic memory based on its What-When-Where ("WWW": spatiotemporal plus semantic) content. We argued that the temporal element within spatiotemporal should be the order/simultaneity of the event elements, but that it is not clear whether the spatial content should be egocentric or allocentric. We also argued that episodic recollection should be configural (tending towards all-or-nothing recall of the WWW elements). Our first deferred imitation experiment, using a two-dimensional (2D) display, produced superior-to-chance performance after 2.5 years but no evidence of configural memory. Moreover, performance did not differ from that on a What-What-What control task. Our second deferred imitation study required the children to reproduce actions on an object in a room, thereby affording layout-based spatial cues. In this case, not only was there superior-to-chance performance after 2.5 years but memory was also configural at both ages. We discuss the importance of allocentric spatial cues in episodic recall in early proto-episodic memory and reflect on the possible role of hippocampal development in this process.

  20. Accumulate repeat accumulate codes

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Abbasfar, Aliazam; Divsalar, Dariush; Yao, Kung

    2004-01-01

    In this paper we propose an innovative channel coding scheme called 'Accumulate Repeat Accumulate codes' (ARA). This class of codes can be viewed as serial turbo-like codes, or as a subclass of Low Density Parity Check (LDPC) codes, thus belief propagation can be used for iterative decoding of ARA codes on a graph. The structure of encoder for this class can be viewed as precoded Repeat Accumulate (RA) code or as precoded Irregular Repeat Accumulate (IRA) code, where simply an accumulator is chosen as a precoder. Thus ARA codes have simple, and very fast encoder structure when they representing LDPC codes. Based on density evolution for LDPC codes through some examples for ARA codes, we show that for maximum variable node degree 5 a minimum bit SNR as low as 0.08 dB from channel capacity for rate 1/2 can be achieved as the block size goes to infinity. Thus based on fixed low maximum variable node degree, its threshold outperforms not only the RA and IRA codes but also the best known LDPC codes with the dame maximum node degree. Furthermore by puncturing the accumulators any desired high rate codes close to code rate 1 can be obtained with thresholds that stay close to the channel capacity thresholds uniformly. Iterative decoding simulation results are provided. The ARA codes also have projected graph or protograph representation that allows for high speed decoder implementation.

  1. 14 CFR 399.44 - Treatment of deferred Federal income taxes for rate purposes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... TRANSPORTATION (AVIATION PROCEEDINGS) POLICY STATEMENTS STATEMENTS OF GENERAL POLICY Policies Relating to Rates...,105 1,153 Nonscheduled 4 141 46 187 205 Transport related 5 379 31 410 416 Plus: Capitalized lease adjustment 10 119 2 121 121 Passenger operating expense 14,833 2,294 17,127 17,462 Passenger fuel cost 11...

  2. 26 CFR 1.535-2 - Adjustments to taxable income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... Adjustments to taxable income. (a) Taxes—(1) United States taxes. In computing accumulated taxable income for any taxable year, there shall be allowed as a deduction the amount by which Federal income and excess... for (i) the accumulated earnings tax imposed by section 531 (or a corresponding section of a prior...

  3. 26 CFR 1.535-2 - Adjustments to taxable income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... Adjustments to taxable income. (a) Taxes—(1) United States taxes. In computing accumulated taxable income for any taxable year, there shall be allowed as a deduction the amount by which Federal income and excess... for (i) the accumulated earnings tax imposed by section 531 (or a corresponding section of a prior...

  4. Outing the costs of civil deference to the military.

    PubMed

    Hillman, Elizabeth L

    2013-01-01

    Placing the costs and process of repeal into the framework of U.S. civil governance and military power reveals the faltering state of civilian control over, and understanding of, contemporary military institutions. The excessive delays, repetitive studies, and lack of judicial oversight that characterized the process of repeal expose a military unmoored from the constitutional and democratic constraints of civilian control. The end of Don't Ask, Don't Tell is more than a civil rights triumph. It is also a lesson in the steep costs and troubling consequences of excessive civilian deference to the armed forces.

  5. 30 CFR 1218.300 - Payment of royalties, rentals, and deferred bonuses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Payment of royalties, rentals, and deferred bonuses. 1218.300 Section 1218.300 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT... CREDITS AND INCENTIVES Geothermal Resources § 1218.300 Payment of royalties, rentals, and deferred...

  6. 33 CFR 241.6 - Deferred payments for certain qualifying projects.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... THE ARMY, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE FLOOD CONTROL COST-SHARING REQUIREMENTS UNDER THE ABILITY TO PAY... control costs. The maximum allowable amount deferred equals the total non-Federal share less (for... deferred = 20 percent of project flood control costs (35 less the 5 percent cash requirements, less the...

  7. 77 FR 74488 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Consideration of Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-14

    ... of Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals, Form I-821D, Revision of a Currently Approved Collection... the Form/Collection: Consideration of Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals. (3) Agency form number... for childhood arrivals: 1. Were under the age of 31 as of June 15, 2012; 2. Came to the United...

  8. Deferred Acceptance Algorithms: History, Theory, Practice, and Open Questions. NBER Working Paper No. 13225

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roth, Alvin E.

    2007-01-01

    The deferred acceptance algorithm proposed by Gale and Shapley (1962) has had a profound influence on market design, both directly, by being adapted into practical matching mechanisms, and, indirectly, by raising new theoretical questions. Deferred acceptance algorithms are at the basis of a number of labor market clearinghouses around the world,…

  9. 34 CFR 674.34 - Deferment of repayment-Federal Perkins loans, NDSLs and Defense loans.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 34 Education 3 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Deferment of repayment-Federal Perkins loans, NDSLs and Defense loans. 674.34 Section 674.34 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education... Loans § 674.34 Deferment of repayment—Federal Perkins loans, NDSLs and Defense loans. (a) The...

  10. 7 CFR 1703.311 - Application procedures for deferment of loan payments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... will be made by the borrower in an amount equal to the deferred debt service payment; (4) Submit... project. (b) The Administrator reserves the right to determine that special circumstances require additional data from borrowers before acting on a deferment. The Administrator also reserves the right...

  11. Excess Benefit Plans and Other Nonqualified Deferred Compensation Palns Under ERISA

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vogel, Mark A.

    1977-01-01

    The benefits of and restrictions imposed on qualified pension and profit-sharing plans are discussed in terms of Excess Benefit Plans (EPB), a type of deferred compensation plan. EPBs and unfunded deferred compensation plans offer flexible methods of providing additional benefits for executives and key employees. (LBH)

  12. 42 CFR 62.9 - Under what circumstances can the period of obligated service be deferred to complete approved...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... required training or an approved graduate training program for which a deferment was granted under... required graduate training for which the deferment was granted, and (2) appointment as a Commissioned... obligated service be deferred to complete approved graduate training? 62.9 Section 62.9 Public Health...

  13. Performance of Lempel-Ziv compressors with deferred innovation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Cohn, Martin

    1989-01-01

    The noiseless data-compression algorithms introduced by Lempel and Ziv (LZ) parse an input data string into successive substrings each consisting of two parts: The citation, which is the longest prefix that has appeared earlier in the input, and the innovation, which is the symbol immediately following the citation. In extremal versions of the LZ algorithm the citation may have begun anywhere in the input; in incremental versions it must have begun at a previous parse position. Originally the citation and the innovation were encoded, either individually or jointly, into an output word to be transmitted or stored. Subsequently, it was speculated that the cost of this encoding may be excessively high because the innovation contributes roughly 1g(A) bits, where A is the size of the input alphabet, regardless of the compressibility of the source. To remedy this excess, it was suggested to store the parsed substring as usual, but encoding for output only the citation, leaving the innovation to be encoded as the first symbol of the next substring. Being thus included in the next substring, the innovation can participate in whatever compression that substring enjoys. This strategy is called deferred innovation. It is exemplified in the algorithm described by Welch and implemented in the C program compress that has widely displaced adaptive Huffman coding (compact) as a UNIX system utility. The excessive expansion is explained, an implicit warning is given against using the deferred innovation compressors on nearly incompressible data.

  14. Achieving Algorithmic Resilience for Temporal Integration through Spectral Deferred Corrections

    SciTech Connect

    Grout, R. W.; Kolla, H.; Minion, M. L.; Bell, J. B.

    2015-04-06

    Spectral deferred corrections (SDC) is an iterative approach for constructing higher- order accurate numerical approximations of ordinary differential equations. SDC starts with an initial approximation of the solution defined at a set of Gaussian or spectral collocation nodes over a time interval and uses an iterative application of lower-order time discretizations applied to a correction equation to improve the solution at these nodes. Each deferred correction sweep increases the formal order of accuracy of the method up to the limit inherent in the accuracy defined by the collocation points. In this paper, we demonstrate that SDC is well suited to recovering from soft (transient) hardware faults in the data. A strategy where extra correction iterations are used to recover from soft errors and provide algorithmic resilience is proposed. Specifically, in this approach the iteration is continued until the residual (a measure of the error in the approximation) is small relative to the residual on the first correction iteration and changes slowly between successive iterations. We demonstrate the effectiveness of this strategy for both canonical test problems and a comprehen- sive situation involving a mature scientific application code that solves the reacting Navier-Stokes equations for combustion research.

  15. 26 CFR 1.404(b)-1T - Method or arrangement of contributions, etc., deferring the receipt of compensation or providing...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... employees gradually over a specified period of years earn the right to additional vacation benefits, no part...., deferring the receipt of compensation or providing for deferred benefits. (Temporary) 1.404(b)-1T Section 1... of contributions, etc., deferring the receipt of compensation or providing for deferred...

  16. 30 CFR 218.300 - Payment of royalties, rentals, and deferred bonuses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... MINERALS REVENUE MANAGEMENT COLLECTION OF MONIES AND PROVISION FOR GEOTHERMAL CREDITS AND INCENTIVES Geothermal Resources § 218.300 Payment of royalties, rentals, and deferred bonuses. As specified under...

  17. Deferred Compensation for Personnel of Tax-Exempt Universities: Effective Use of Section 403(b) Plans.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crain, John L.; And Others

    1989-01-01

    Under the Tax Reform Act of 1986 many university employees are no longer able to make tax deductible contributions to an IRA. Several alternative plans of action are discussed including tax-deferred annuities. Tax planning strategies are offered. (MLW)

  18. 47 CFR 32.4300 - Other long-term liabilities and deferred credits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... CARRIER SERVICES UNIFORM SYSTEM OF ACCOUNTS FOR TELECOMMUNICATIONS COMPANIES Instructions for Balance Sheet Accounts § 32.4300 Other long-term liabilities and deferred credits. (a) This account...

  19. 26 CFR 1.401(k)-1 - Certain cash or deferred arrangements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... that year. Thus, for example, if a partnership provides for cash advance payments during the taxable... the portion of the advance payments does not fail to be made pursuant to a cash or deferred...

  20. Accumulate-Repeat-Accumulate-Accumulate-Codes

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Divsalar, Dariush; Dolinar, Sam; Thorpe, Jeremy

    2004-01-01

    Inspired by recently proposed Accumulate-Repeat-Accumulate (ARA) codes [15], in this paper we propose a channel coding scheme called Accumulate-Repeat-Accumulate-Accumulate (ARAA) codes. These codes can be seen as serial turbo-like codes or as a subclass of Low Density Parity Check (LDPC) codes, and they have a projected graph or protograph representation; this allows for a high-speed iterative decoder implementation using belief propagation. An ARAA code can be viewed as a precoded Repeat-and-Accumulate (RA) code with puncturing in concatenation with another accumulator, where simply an accumulator is chosen as the precoder; thus ARAA codes have a very fast encoder structure. Using density evolution on their associated protographs, we find examples of rate-lJ2 ARAA codes with maximum variable node degree 4 for which a minimum bit-SNR as low as 0.21 dB from the channel capacity limit can be achieved as the block size goes to infinity. Such a low threshold cannot be achieved by RA or Irregular RA (IRA) or unstructured irregular LDPC codes with the same constraint on the maximum variable node degree. Furthermore by puncturing the accumulators we can construct families of higher rate ARAA codes with thresholds that stay close to their respective channel capacity thresholds uniformly. Iterative decoding simulation results show comparable performance with the best-known LDPC codes but with very low error floor even at moderate block sizes.

  1. Development and reliability testing of a survey: measuring trusting and deference behaviors in microethical nursing practice.

    PubMed

    Krautscheid, Lorretta C; Britton, Justin; Craig, Carol

    2015-01-01

    Novice post-licensure nurses are frequently exposed to microethical nursing practice problems during their first 24 months of formative practice. Often, novice nurses trust the advice of experienced nurse coworkers, deferring to such advice even when they know the advice contradicts evidence-based practice. This study revealed the prevalence of deference behaviors and associated rationale. Study findings emphasize the importance of incorporating conflict management, effective communication techniques, ethical frameworks, and EBP standards within pre- and post-licensure education.

  2. 47 CFR 32.4341 - Net deferred tax liability adjustments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... UNIFORM SYSTEM OF ACCOUNTS FOR TELECOMMUNICATIONS COMPANIES Instructions for Balance Sheet Accounts § 32... at the time they become recognized as reductions in current taxable income and current taxes...

  3. 47 CFR 32.4341 - Net deferred tax liability adjustments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... UNIFORM SYSTEM OF ACCOUNTS FOR TELECOMMUNICATIONS COMPANIES Instructions for Balance Sheet Accounts § 32... at the time they become recognized as reductions in current taxable income and current taxes...

  4. 47 CFR 32.4341 - Net deferred tax liability adjustments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... UNIFORM SYSTEM OF ACCOUNTS FOR TELECOMMUNICATIONS COMPANIES Instructions for Balance Sheet Accounts § 32... at the time they become recognized as reductions in current taxable income and current taxes...

  5. 47 CFR 32.4341 - Net deferred tax liability adjustments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... UNIFORM SYSTEM OF ACCOUNTS FOR TELECOMMUNICATIONS COMPANIES Instructions for Balance Sheet Accounts § 32... at the time they become recognized as reductions in current taxable income and current taxes...

  6. Accumulate-Repeat-Accumulate-Accumulate Codes

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Divsalar, Dariush; Dolinar, Samuel; Thorpe, Jeremy

    2007-01-01

    Accumulate-repeat-accumulate-accumulate (ARAA) codes have been proposed, inspired by the recently proposed accumulate-repeat-accumulate (ARA) codes. These are error-correcting codes suitable for use in a variety of wireless data-communication systems that include noisy channels. ARAA codes can be regarded as serial turbolike codes or as a subclass of low-density parity-check (LDPC) codes, and, like ARA codes they have projected graph or protograph representations; these characteristics make it possible to design high-speed iterative decoders that utilize belief-propagation algorithms. The objective in proposing ARAA codes as a subclass of ARA codes was to enhance the error-floor performance of ARA codes while maintaining simple encoding structures and low maximum variable node degree.

  7. Donating blood for research: a potential method for enhancing customer satisfaction of permanently deferred blood donors

    PubMed Central

    Waller, Daniel; Thijsen, Amanda; Garradd, Allira; Hayman, Jane; Smith, Geoff

    2017-01-01

    Background Each year, a large number of individuals in Australia are deferred from donating blood. A deferral may have a negative impact on donor satisfaction and subsequent word-of-mouth communication. The Australian Red Cross Blood Service (the Blood Service) is, therefore, investigating options for managing service interactions with deferred donors to maintain positive relationships. While public research institutes in Australia have established independent research donor registries, other countries provide programmes allowing deferred donors to donate blood for research via blood collection agencies. This study examined attitudes towards donating blood for research use in a sample of permanently deferred Australian donors. Materials and methods Donors permanently deferred because of a risk of variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (n=449) completed a postal survey that examined attitudes towards research donation. Results The majority of participants were interested in donating blood for research (96%), and joining a registry of research donors (93%). Participants preferred to donate for transfusion or clinical research, and were willing to travel large distances. Results indicated that positive attitudes towards the Blood Service would be extended if the opportunity to donate blood was provided. These findings indicate a desire for continued engagement with the Blood Service despite deferral. Discussion Donating blood for research is a potential way of maintaining positive relationships with permanently deferred donors which also benefits the health research community. Through maintaining positive relationships with deferred donors, positive word-of-mouth activity can be stimulated. Further work is needed to determine the feasibility of implementing research donation through the Blood Service in Australia. PMID:26674813

  8. Nonvascularized Bone Grafting Defers Joint Arthroplasty in Hip Osteonecrosis

    PubMed Central

    Seyler, Thorsten M.; Marker, David R.; Ulrich, Slif D.; Fatscher, Tobias

    2008-01-01

    A variety of nonvascularized bone grafting techniques have been proposed with varying degrees of success as treatment alternatives for osteonecrosis of the femoral head. The success of these procedures may be enhanced using ancillary growth and differentiation factors. We retrospectively reviewed 33 patients (39 hips) with osteonecrosis of the hip who had nonvascularized bone grafting procedures with supplemental OP-1. We compared the outcomes in this cohort to similar patients treated nonoperatively or with other nonvascularized bone grafting procedures. We used a trapdoor to make a window at the head-neck junction to remove necrotic bone and packed the excavated area with autogenous cancellous bone graft, marrow, and OP-1. The minimum followup was 24 months (mean, 36 months; range, 24–50 months). We performed no further surgery in 25 of 30 small- and medium-sized lesions (80%) but did in two of nine large lesions. Hips with Ficat Stage II disease were not reoperated in 18 of 22 cases during the followup periods. Our short-term results compare similarly to nonoperative treatment and other reports of nonvascularized bone grafting. With the addition of ancillary growth factors, these procedures effectively reduce donor site morbidity and may defer joint arthroplasty in selected patients. Level of Evidence: Level IV, therapeutic study. See the Guidelines for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence. Electronic supplementary material The online version of this article (doi:10.1007/s11999-008-0211-x) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users. PMID:18351424

  9. Income inequality and happiness.

    PubMed

    Oishi, Shigehiro; Kesebir, Selin; Diener, Ed

    2011-09-01

    Using General Social Survey data from 1972 to 2008, we found that Americans were on average happier in the years with less national income inequality than in the years with more national income inequality. We further demonstrated that this inverse relation between income inequality and happiness was explained by perceived fairness and general trust. That is, Americans trusted other people less and perceived other people to be less fair in the years with more national income inequality than in the years with less national income inequality. The negative association between income inequality and happiness held for lower-income respondents, but not for higher-income respondents. Most important, we found that the negative link between income inequality and the happiness of lower-income respondents was explained not by lower household income, but by perceived unfairness and lack of trust.

  10. 42 CFR 62.9 - Under what circumstances can the period of obligated service be deferred to complete approved...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... obligated service be deferred to complete approved graduate training? 62.9 Section 62.9 Public Health PUBLIC... HEALTH SERVICE CORPS SCHOLARSHIP AND LOAN REPAYMENT PROGRAMS National Health Service Corps Scholarship... approved graduate training? (a) Requested deferment. Upon the request of any participant receiving a...

  11. 42 CFR 62.9 - Under what circumstances can the period of obligated service be deferred to complete approved...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... obligated service be deferred to complete approved graduate training? 62.9 Section 62.9 Public Health PUBLIC... HEALTH SERVICE CORPS SCHOLARSHIP AND LOAN REPAYMENT PROGRAMS National Health Service Corps Scholarship... approved graduate training? (a) Requested deferment. Upon the request of any participant receiving a...

  12. 42 CFR 62.9 - Under what circumstances can the period of obligated service be deferred to complete approved...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... obligated service be deferred to complete approved graduate training? 62.9 Section 62.9 Public Health PUBLIC... HEALTH SERVICE CORPS SCHOLARSHIP AND LOAN REPAYMENT PROGRAMS National Health Service Corps Scholarship... approved graduate training? (a) Requested deferment. Upon the request of any participant receiving a...

  13. 5 CFR 847.907 - How is the monthly annuity rate used to compute the present value of the deferred annuity without...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... compute the present value of the deferred annuity without credit for NAFI service determined? 847.907... the present value of the deferred annuity without credit for NAFI service determined? (a) The monthly annuity rate used to compute the present value of the deferred annuity under § 847.906 of this subpart...

  14. 26 CFR 1.535-3 - Accumulated earnings credit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 7 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Accumulated earnings credit. 1.535-3 Section 1... Accumulated earnings credit. (a) In general. As provided in section 535(a) and § 1.535-1, the accumulated earnings credit, provided by section 535(c), reduces taxable income in computing accumulated taxable...

  15. 26 CFR 1.535-3 - Accumulated earnings credit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 7 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Accumulated earnings credit. 1.535-3 Section 1... Accumulated earnings credit. (a) In general. As provided in section 535(a) and § 1.535-1, the accumulated earnings credit, provided by section 535(c), reduces taxable income in computing accumulated taxable...

  16. 26 CFR 1.535-3 - Accumulated earnings credit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 7 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Accumulated earnings credit. 1.535-3 Section 1... Accumulated earnings credit. (a) In general. As provided in section 535(a) and § 1.535-1, the accumulated earnings credit, provided by section 535(c), reduces taxable income in computing accumulated taxable...

  17. 26 CFR 1.535-3 - Accumulated earnings credit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 7 2011-04-01 2009-04-01 true Accumulated earnings credit. 1.535-3 Section 1... Accumulated earnings credit. (a) In general. As provided in section 535(a) and § 1.535-1, the accumulated earnings credit, provided by section 535(c), reduces taxable income in computing accumulated taxable...

  18. Income Affluence in Poland

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brzezinski, Michal

    2010-01-01

    This paper examines the evolution of income affluence (richness) in Poland during 1998-2007. Using household survey data, the paper estimates several statistical indices of income affluence including income share of the top percentiles, population share of individuals receiving incomes higher than the richness line, and measures that take into…

  19. 26 CFR 1.563-1 - Accumulated earnings tax.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 7 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Accumulated earnings tax. 1.563-1 Section 1.563-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Deduction for Dividends Paid § 1.563-1 Accumulated earnings tax. In...

  20. 26 CFR 1.1502-43 - Consolidated accumulated earnings tax.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 12 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Consolidated accumulated earnings tax. 1.1502...) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Special Taxes and Taxpayers § 1.1502-43 Consolidated accumulated earnings tax. (a) Group subject to tax—(1) General rule. For a group filing a consolidated...

  1. 26 CFR 1.1502-43 - Consolidated accumulated earnings tax.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 12 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Consolidated accumulated earnings tax. 1.1502...) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Special Taxes and Taxpayers § 1.1502-43 Consolidated accumulated earnings tax. (a) Group subject to tax—(1) General rule. For a group filing a consolidated...

  2. 30 CFR 1218.300 - Payment of royalties, rentals, and deferred bonuses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Payment of royalties, rentals, and deferred bonuses. 1218.300 Section 1218.300 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF NATURAL RESOURCES REVENUE, DEPARTMENT OF... THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT Geothermal Resources § 1218.300 Payment of royalties, rentals, and...

  3. 34 CFR 674.34 - Deferment of repayment-Federal Perkins loans, NDSLs and Defense loans.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... least a half-time regular student for a full academic year and intends to enroll as at least a half-time regular student in the next academic year, the borrower is entitled to a deferment for 12 months. (5) If... and in attendance as a regular student in at least a half-time course of study at an...

  4. 26 CFR 1.615-3 - Election to defer pre-1970 exploration expenditures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... expenditures sold during the taxable year) bears to D (the number of units of ore or mineral benefited by such....615-4. The amounts so deferred shall be deducted ratably as the units of produced ores or minerals... election is applicable. (c) Expenditures made by the owner who retains a non-operating mineral interest....

  5. 26 CFR 1.615-3 - Election to defer pre-1970 exploration expenditures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... expenditures sold during the taxable year) bears to D (the number of units of ore or mineral benefited by such....615-4. The amounts so deferred shall be deducted ratably as the units of produced ores or minerals... election is applicable. (c) Expenditures made by the owner who retains a non-operating mineral interest....

  6. 26 CFR 1.615-3 - Election to defer pre-1970 exploration expenditures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... expenditures sold during the taxable year) bears to D (the number of units of ore or mineral benefited by such....615-4. The amounts so deferred shall be deducted ratably as the units of produced ores or minerals... election is applicable. (c) Expenditures made by the owner who retains a non-operating mineral interest....

  7. 26 CFR 1.615-3 - Election to defer pre-1970 exploration expenditures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... expenditures sold during the taxable year) bears to D (the number of units of ore or mineral benefited by such....615-4. The amounts so deferred shall be deducted ratably as the units of produced ores or minerals... election is applicable. (c) Expenditures made by the owner who retains a non-operating mineral interest....

  8. 26 CFR 1.615-3 - Election to defer pre-1970 exploration expenditures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... expenditures sold during the taxable year) bears to D (the number of units of ore or mineral benefited by such....615-4. The amounts so deferred shall be deducted ratably as the units of produced ores or minerals... election is applicable. (c) Expenditures made by the owner who retains a non-operating mineral interest....

  9. 48 CFR 252.227-7027 - Deferred ordering of technical data or computer software.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... technical data or computer software. 252.227-7027 Section 252.227-7027 Federal Acquisition Regulations... data or computer software. As prescribed at 227.7103-8(b), use the following clause: Deferred Ordering of Technical Data or Computer Software (APR 1988) In addition to technical data or computer...

  10. 48 CFR 252.227-7026 - Deferred delivery of technical data or computer software.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... technical data or computer software. 252.227-7026 Section 252.227-7026 Federal Acquisition Regulations... data or computer software. As prescribed at 227.7103-8(a), use the following clause: Deferred Delivery of Technical Data or Computer Software (APR 1988) The Government shall have the right to require,...

  11. 48 CFR 252.227-7026 - Deferred delivery of technical data or computer software.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... technical data or computer software. 252.227-7026 Section 252.227-7026 Federal Acquisition Regulations... data or computer software. As prescribed at 227.7103-8(a), use the following clause: Deferred Delivery of Technical Data or Computer Software (APR 1988) The Government shall have the right to require,...

  12. 48 CFR 252.227-7027 - Deferred ordering of technical data or computer software.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... technical data or computer software. 252.227-7027 Section 252.227-7027 Federal Acquisition Regulations... data or computer software. As prescribed at 227.7103-8(b), use the following clause: Deferred Ordering of Technical Data or Computer Software (APR 1988) In addition to technical data or computer...

  13. 30 CFR 218.200 - Payment of royalties, rentals, and deferred bonuses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Payment of royalties, rentals, and deferred bonuses. 218.200 Section 218.200 Mineral Resources MINERALS MANAGEMENT SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR MINERALS REVENUE MANAGEMENT COLLECTION OF MONIES AND PROVISION FOR GEOTHERMAL CREDITS AND INCENTIVES...

  14. 48 CFR 252.227-7026 - Deferred delivery of technical data or computer software.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... technical data or computer software. 252.227-7026 Section 252.227-7026 Federal Acquisition Regulations... data or computer software. As prescribed at 227.7103-8(a), use the following clause: Deferred Delivery of Technical Data or Computer Software (APR 1988) The Government shall have the right to require,...

  15. 48 CFR 252.227-7026 - Deferred delivery of technical data or computer software.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... technical data or computer software. 252.227-7026 Section 252.227-7026 Federal Acquisition Regulations... data or computer software. As prescribed at 227.7103-8(a), use the following clause: Deferred Delivery of Technical Data or Computer Software (APR 1988) The Government shall have the right to require,...

  16. 48 CFR 252.227-7027 - Deferred ordering of technical data or computer software.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... technical data or computer software. 252.227-7027 Section 252.227-7027 Federal Acquisition Regulations... data or computer software. As prescribed at 227.7103-8(b), use the following clause: Deferred Ordering of Technical Data or Computer Software (APR 1988) In addition to technical data or computer...

  17. 48 CFR 252.227-7027 - Deferred ordering of technical data or computer software.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... technical data or computer software. 252.227-7027 Section 252.227-7027 Federal Acquisition Regulations... data or computer software. As prescribed at 227.7103-8(b), use the following clause: Deferred Ordering of Technical Data or Computer Software (APR 1988) In addition to technical data or computer...

  18. 48 CFR 252.227-7027 - Deferred ordering of technical data or computer software.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... technical data or computer software. 252.227-7027 Section 252.227-7027 Federal Acquisition Regulations... data or computer software. As prescribed at 227.7103-8(b), use the following clause: Deferred Ordering of Technical Data or Computer Software (APR 1988) In addition to technical data or computer...

  19. 48 CFR 252.227-7026 - Deferred delivery of technical data or computer software.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... technical data or computer software. 252.227-7026 Section 252.227-7026 Federal Acquisition Regulations... data or computer software. As prescribed at 227.7103-8(a), use the following clause: Deferred Delivery of Technical Data or Computer Software (APR 1988) The Government shall have the right to require,...

  20. 78 FR 37719 - Interim Final Determination To Defer Sanctions; California; South Coast Air Quality Management...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-24

    ... approval of revisions to the South Coast Air Quality Management District's (SCAQMD) portion of the... Quality Management District Proposed Contingency Measures for the 2007 PM 2.5 SIP'' (dated October 2011... AGENCY 40 CFR Part 52 Interim Final Determination To Defer Sanctions; California; South Coast Air...

  1. 76 FR 76046 - Interim Final Determination To Defer Sanctions, San Joaquin Valley Unified Air Pollution Control...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-06

    ... approval of revisions to the San Joaquin Valley Unified Air Pollution Control District (SJVUAPCD or... Valley Unified Air Pollution Control District (``SJVUAPCD'' or ``District'') Rules 2020 (Exemptions) and... AGENCY 40 CFR Part 52 Interim Final Determination To Defer Sanctions, San Joaquin Valley Unified...

  2. 76 FR 45199 - Interim Final Determination To Defer Sanctions, San Joaquin Valley Unified Air Pollution Control...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-28

    ... of revisions to the San Joaquin Valley Unified Air Pollution Control District (SJVUAPCD) portion of... Subjects in 40 CFR Part 52 Environmental protection, Air pollution control, Incorporation by reference... AGENCY 40 CFR Part 52 Interim Final Determination To Defer Sanctions, San Joaquin Valley Unified...

  3. Report of the Tenth Quadrennial Review of Military Compensation. Volume 2: Deferred and Noncash Compensation

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-07-01

    retirement, health care, and quality of life programs. Cash compensation accounts for almost half of service members compensation; deferred, or future...benefits another 31 percent; and noncash compensation, such as health care, educational benefits, and many quality of life programs, the remaining 21

  4. 7 CFR 1703.304 - Restrictions on the deferment of loan payments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... impair the security of any loans made RUS or RTB, or guaranteed by RUS, pursuant to the RE Act. (b) At no... of a community, business, or economic development project for which a deferment is provided. (c) A... 2335A of the Rural Economic Development Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 950aaa et seq.); (2) Funds necessary...

  5. 27 CFR 26.104 - Deferred payment of tax-release of beer.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...-release of beer. 26.104 Section 26.104 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO TAX AND... ISLANDS Taxpayment of Liquors and Articles in Puerto Rico Beer § 26.104 Deferred payment of tax—release of beer. (a) Action by brewer. Where the brewer has furnished bond on Form 2898, and payment of the tax...

  6. 27 CFR 26.104 - Deferred payment of tax-release of beer.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...-release of beer. 26.104 Section 26.104 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO TAX AND... ISLANDS Taxpayment of Liquors and Articles in Puerto Rico Beer § 26.104 Deferred payment of tax—release of beer. (a) Action by brewer. Where the brewer has furnished bond on Form 2898, and payment of the tax...

  7. 27 CFR 26.104 - Deferred payment of tax-release of beer.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...-release of beer. 26.104 Section 26.104 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO TAX AND... ISLANDS Taxpayment of Liquors and Articles in Puerto Rico Beer § 26.104 Deferred payment of tax—release of beer. (a) Action by brewer. Where the brewer has furnished bond on Form 2898, and payment of the tax...

  8. 27 CFR 26.104 - Deferred payment of tax-release of beer.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...-release of beer. 26.104 Section 26.104 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO TAX AND... ISLANDS Taxpayment of Liquors and Articles in Puerto Rico Beer § 26.104 Deferred payment of tax—release of beer. (a) Action by brewer. Where the brewer has furnished bond on Form 2898, and payment of the tax...

  9. 78 FR 50119 - Submission for Review: Application for Deferred or Postponed Retirement; Federal Employees...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-16

    ... MANAGEMENT Submission for Review: Application for Deferred or Postponed Retirement; Federal Employees Retirement System, RI 92-19 AGENCY: U.S. Office of Personnel Management. ACTION: 60-Day Notice and request for comments. SUMMARY: The Retirement Services, Office of Personnel Management (OPM) offers...

  10. Deference, Denial, and Beyond: A Repertoire Approach to Mass Media and Schooling

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rymes, Betsy

    2011-01-01

    In this article, the author outlines two general research approaches, within the education world, to these mass-mediated formations: "Deference" and "Denial." Researchers who recognize the social practices that give local meaning to mass media formations and ways of speaking do not attempt to recontextualize youth media in their own social…

  11. Using Deferred Imitation to Understand the Process of Change in Infant Memory Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones, Emily J. H.; Herbert, Jane S.

    2006-01-01

    In their commentaries, Carver, Richmond and DeBoer pose several challenging and insightful questions in response to our target article. Two key themes emerged from their commentaries, which are important in the field of infant memory research. The first concerns the use of deferred imitation as a paradigm, and its relationship to other methods of…

  12. 76 FR 28661 - Interim Final Determination To Defer Sanctions, Sacramento Metro 1-Hour Ozone Nonattainment Area...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-18

    ... AGENCY 40 CFR Part 52 Interim Final Determination To Defer Sanctions, Sacramento Metro 1-Hour Ozone... the Sacramento Metro 1- hour Ozone nonattainment area (Sacramento Metro Area) to satisfy anti- backsliding requirements for the 1-hour Ozone standard. DATES: This interim final determination is...

  13. 75 FR 22813 - Guidance for Industry: Requalification Method for Reentry of Blood Donors Deferred Because of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-30

    ... Blood Donors Deferred Because of Reactive Test Results for Antibody to Hepatitis B Core Antigen (Anti... Hepatitis B Core Antigen (Anti- HBc),'' dated May 2010. The guidance document provides recommendations to... previous tests that were repeatedly reactive for antibodies to hepatitis B core antigen (anti-HBc)...

  14. 27 CFR 26.95 - Deferred payment of tax-release of wine.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...-release of wine. 26.95 Section 26.95 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO TAX AND... ISLANDS Taxpayment of Liquors and Articles in Puerto Rico Wine § 26.95 Deferred payment of tax—release of wine. (a) Action by proprietor. Where the proprietor has furnished bond, on Form 2897, and payment...

  15. 27 CFR 26.95 - Deferred payment of tax-release of wine.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...-release of wine. 26.95 Section 26.95 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO TAX AND... ISLANDS Taxpayment of Liquors and Articles in Puerto Rico Wine § 26.95 Deferred payment of tax—release of wine. (a) Action by proprietor. Where the proprietor has furnished bond, on Form 2897, and payment...

  16. 27 CFR 26.95 - Deferred payment of tax-release of wine.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...-release of wine. 26.95 Section 26.95 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO TAX AND... ISLANDS Taxpayment of Liquors and Articles in Puerto Rico Wine § 26.95 Deferred payment of tax—release of wine. (a) Action by proprietor. Where the proprietor has furnished bond, on Form 2897, and payment...

  17. 27 CFR 26.95 - Deferred payment of tax-release of wine.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...-release of wine. 26.95 Section 26.95 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO TAX AND... ISLANDS Taxpayment of Liquors and Articles in Puerto Rico Wine § 26.95 Deferred payment of tax—release of wine. (a) Action by proprietor. Where the proprietor has furnished bond, on Form 2897, and payment...

  18. 27 CFR 26.95 - Deferred payment of tax-release of wine.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...-release of wine. 26.95 Section 26.95 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO TAX AND... ISLANDS Taxpayment of Liquors and Articles in Puerto Rico Wine § 26.95 Deferred payment of tax—release of wine. (a) Action by proprietor. Where the proprietor has furnished bond, on Form 2897, and payment...

  19. 34 CFR 674.34 - Deferment of repayment-Federal Perkins loans, NDSLs and Defense loans.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... includes money, gifts, loans, housing, food, clothes, car, medical and dental care, and payment of college costs. (f)(1) To qualify for a deferment for study as part of a graduate fellowship program pursuant to... State agency with responsibility for drug abuse treatment programs; (C) A State agency...

  20. Seminal Tract Amyloidosis: Synchronous Amyloidosis of the Seminal Vesicles, Deferent Ducts and Ejaculatory Ducts.

    PubMed

    Rath-Wolfson, Lea; Bubis, Golan; Shtrasburg, Shmuel; Shvero, Asaf; Koren, Rumelia

    2017-01-17

    Senile Seminal Vesicle Amyloidosis (SSVA) increases with age. Involvement of the whole seminal tract, i.e. the seminal vesicles, ejaculatory and deferent ducts was first reported by us in the International Symposium on Amyloidosis 1998. Since then we encountered four more cases of SSVA. In all these cases the ejaculatory and deferent ducts were also involved by amyloid. The amyloid was located mostly sub-epithelially, stained positively with Congo red, gave green birefringence under polarized light and was permanganate sensitive, slightly positive for lactoferrin immunostaining and negative for all known amyloid types. In recent years the amyloid was found to be derived from Semenogelin I, a major constituent of the seminal fluid which is present in the epithelial cells of the seminal vesicle and vas deference. This would explain the deposition of amyloid not only in the seminal vesicles but also in the deferent an ejaculatory ducts which transport the seminal fluid. In a review of the literature we found three more articles on SSVA in which the amyloid was not limited to the seminal vesicles alone. We propose to designate this type of amyloid as "Senile seminal Tract Amyloidosis" (SSTA) instead of "Senile Seminal Vesicle Amyloidosis (SSVA)".

  1. 27 CFR 26.104 - Deferred payment of tax-release of beer.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...-release of beer. 26.104 Section 26.104 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO TAX AND... ISLANDS Taxpayment of Liquors and Articles in Puerto Rico Beer § 26.104 Deferred payment of tax—release of beer. (a) Action by brewer. Where the brewer has furnished bond on Form 2898, and payment of the tax...

  2. Deferred Imitation in 9-Month-Olds: How Do Model and Task Characteristics Matter across Cultures?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Teiser, Johanna; Lamm, Bettina; Böning, Mirjam; Graf, Frauke; Gudi, Helene; Goertz, Claudia; Fassbender, Ina; Freitag, Claudia; Spangler, Sibylle; Teubert, Manuel; Lohaus, Arnold; Schwarzer, Gudrun; Knopf, Monika; Keller, Heidi

    2014-01-01

    Studies investigating imitation are usually conducted with adult models in Western contexts; therefore, the influence of cultural context and the model's age on infants' imitation is largely unknown. This study assessed deferred imitation in 9-month-old infants from the German middle-class ("N" = 44) and the ethnic group of Nso in rural…

  3. Deferring Higher Education Fees without Relying on Contributions from Non-Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Del Rey, Elena

    2012-01-01

    The benefits of deferring the payment of higher-education costs are increasingly acknowledged as a way to overcome student-borrowing constraints. Since higher education is a risky investment and students are generally risk averse, the repayment arrangements proposed in the literature frequently include some insurance. In a competitive environment,…

  4. 26 CFR 1.381(c)(10)-1 - Deferred exploration and development expenditures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... expenditures. 1.381(c)(10)-1 Section 1.381(c)(10)-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF...)-1 Deferred exploration and development expenditures. (a) Carryover requirement. (1) If for any... expenditures made in connection with any ore, mineral, mine, or other natural deposit transferred to...

  5. Accumulate Repeat Accumulate Coded Modulation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Abbasfar, Aliazam; Divsalar, Dariush; Yao, Kung

    2004-01-01

    In this paper we propose an innovative coded modulation scheme called 'Accumulate Repeat Accumulate Coded Modulation' (ARA coded modulation). This class of codes can be viewed as serial turbo-like codes, or as a subclass of Low Density Parity Check (LDPC) codes that are combined with high level modulation. Thus at the decoder belief propagation can be used for iterative decoding of ARA coded modulation on a graph, provided a demapper transforms the received in-phase and quadrature samples to reliability of the bits.

  6. Sheltering Retirement Income.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bryan, E. Lewis; Cash, L. Stephen

    1987-01-01

    Eligibility for an IRA has been severely changed by the Tax Reform Act of 1986. In 1987 educators who have a retirement plan administered by their employer will face new eligibility rules. For self-employment income, a Keogh plan is an excellent way to shelter income and provide retirement income. (MLW)

  7. Semi-implicit spectral deferred correction methods for ordinary differential equations

    SciTech Connect

    Minion, Michael L.

    2002-10-06

    A semi-implicit formulation of the method of spectral deferred corrections (SISDC) for ordinary differential equations with both stiff and non-stiff terms is presented. Several modifications and variations to the original spectral deferred corrections method by Dutt, Greengard, and Rokhlin concerning the choice of integration points and the form of the correction iteration are presented. The stability and accuracy of the resulting ODE methods are explored analytically and numerically. The SISDC methods are intended to be combined with the method of lines approach to yield a flexible framework for creating higher-order semi-implicit methods for partial differential equations. A discussion and numerical examples of the SISDC method applied to advection-diffusion type equations are included. The results suggest that higher-order SISDC methods are more efficient than semi-implicit Runge-Kutta methods for moderately stiff problems in terms of accuracy per function evaluation.

  8. The relationship between attention and deferred imitation in 12-month-old infants.

    PubMed

    Zmyj, Norbert; Schölmerich, Axel; Daum, Moritz M

    2017-03-01

    Imitation is a frequent behavior in the first years of life, and serves both a social function (e.g., to interact with others) and a cognitive function (e.g., to learn a new skill). Infants differ in their temperament, and temperament might be related to the dominance of one function of imitation. In this study, we investigated whether temperament and deferred imitation are related in 12-month-old infants. Temperament was measured via the Infant Behavior Questionnaire Revised (IBQ-R) and parts of the Laboratory Temperament Assessment Battery (Lab-TAB). Deferred imitation was measured via the Frankfurt Imitation Test for 12-month-olds (FIT-12). Regression analyses revealed that the duration of orienting (IBQ-R) and the latency of the first look away in the Task Orientation task (Lab-TAB) predicted the infants' imitation score. These results suggest that attention-related processes may play a major role when infants start to imitate.

  9. 26 CFR 1.263A-11 - Accumulated production expenditures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 3 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Accumulated production expenditures. 1.263A-11... TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Items Not Deductible § 1.263A-11 Accumulated production expenditures. (a) General rule. Accumulated production expenditures generally means the cumulative amount...

  10. Parallel Architectures and Algorithms for Real-Time Synthesis of High Quality Images Using Deferred Shading

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-01-01

    based on the shading model. We believe this technique can be used effectively on any graphics system with the following characteristics: " Deep frame...The only communication between renderer and shader is the image description that includes this surface information for each pixel. Deferred shading...collection of chips called the Normal Vector Shaders . The Normal Vector Shaders compute the full Phong lighting model based on the surface normal and color

  11. Deferred electronic heterodyne moire deflectometry: A method for transient density fields measurement

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Stricker, Josef

    1989-01-01

    Effects of spherical aberrations of the mirror used in the moire system on the angular resolution of the system are investigated. It is shown that the spherical aberrations may reduce significantly the performance of the conventional moire deflectometer. However, due to the heterodyne procedure, this is not the case with the heterodyne moire system. A moire system with a constant speed moving grating is demonstrated. It is shown that the system readout is linear and the system does not need calibration. In addition, the repeatability of the measurements is improved in this system as compared to the sinusoidally moving grating setup. The problem of the photographic plates alignment is solved by using a mechanical system in which the plate is held firmly throughout the experiment and accurately replaced after removing for photographic processing. The effect of a circular detector's aperture size on readout was tested. It is shown that the spatial phase variations, observed when scanning along a straight moire fringe, may considerably be reduced. At present we may say that both the on-line and the deferred heterodyne moire techniques may reliably be used. The errors of phase readings are 1 deg and 5 deg for the on-line and deferred methods. The total error due to subtraction of two readings at each position is, therefore, 1.4 deg and 7 deg, respectively. Further research for improving the deferred system is suggested.

  12. Volunteering, income and health

    PubMed Central

    Detollenaere, Jens; Willems, Sara

    2017-01-01

    Separate literatures have related volunteering to health gains and income gains. We study the association between volunteering, income and health within one statistical framework. A state-of-the-art mediation analysis is conducted on data concerning the health, volunteering and sociodemographic characteristics of 42926 individuals within 29 European countries. We find that volunteering is positively associated to self-rated health. This association is partially mediated by household income. PMID:28273163

  13. Income Elasticity Literature Review

    EPA Science Inventory

    Following advice from the SAB Council, when estimating the economic value of reductions in air pollution-related mortality and morbidity risk, EPA accounts for the effect of personal income on the willingness to pay to reduce the risk of adverse health outcomes. These income grow...

  14. Etiology of anemia of blood donor candidates deferred by hematologic screening

    PubMed Central

    da Silva, Michel Alves; de Souza, Renata Andréia Volpe; Carlos, Aline Meneses; Soares, Sheila; Moraes-Souza, Helio; Pereira, Gilberto de Araujo

    2012-01-01

    Objective: Iron deficiency is the most common cause of anemia and one of the main factors in the clinical deferral of blood donors. This fact prompted the current study that aimed to determine the prevalence and etiology of anemia in blood donor candidates and to evaluate the hematological screening technique used for the exclusion of these donors. Methods: This was a prospective study that compared two groups (Anemic and Non-anemic). Initially screening for anemia was performed by manually measuring hemoglobin (Bioclin® Kit); the results were subsequently compared with an automated screening method (Coulter T-890). The etiology was investigated by hemoglobin electrophoresis in alkaline and acid pH, Hb A2 dosage and measurement of the ferritin concentration by immunoagglutination. Differences and associations of interest were analyzed using the Yates and McNemar's Chi-square tests and the Fisher, Mann-Whitney, Wilcoxon and Kruskal-Wallis tests. Results: The deferral rate due to anemia was 4.2%; iron deficiency was identified in 37.5% and beta thalassemia in 9.3% of the excluded candidates. There was a significant discrepancy between the two techniques used to measure hemoglobin with 38.1% of initially deferred donors presenting normal hemoglobin levels by the automated method. Conclusion: The results show a high rate of blood donors being deferred for anemia and confirm that iron deficiency is the most prevalent cause. The discrepancies found by comparing screening methods suggest that hemoglobin and hematocrit levels should be confirmed before deferring a donor due to anemia; this may increase supplies in blood banks. PMID:23125544

  15. Switching from deferred dismantling to immediate dismantling: the example of Chooz A, a French PWR

    SciTech Connect

    Grenouillet, Jean-Jacques

    2007-07-01

    Located in the north of France, close to Belgian border, Chooz A is the first PWR that was built in France from 1962 to 1967. When it was shutdown in 1991, a deferred dismantling strategy was selected. Further to an evolution of EDF decommissioning strategy in 2001, the decommissioning of the plant was accelerated by reducing the safe enclosure period to only a few years. Thus Chooz A will be the first PWR to be fully dismantled in France and it gives a good insight of what is needed to reactivate a plant for final dismantling after a safe enclosure period. (author)

  16. Pretend play, deferred imitation and parent-child interaction in speaking and non-speaking children with autism.

    PubMed

    Strid, Karin; Heimann, Mikael; Tjus, Tomas

    2013-02-01

    This study investigates spontaneous pretend play during a parent-child free play observation, and deferred imitation observed in an experimental setting in speaking and non-speaking children with autism in comparison to children with typical development. Both groups of children with autism showed a reduced level of deferred imitation compared to the typically developing group, but only the non-speaking children with autism spent significantly less time in pretend play compared to children with typical development. Deferred imitation was related to parents' verbal interaction in both groups. An analysis of the parent-child interaction revealed that parents of children with autism used less synchronized comments compared to parents of typically developing children. Parents of the speaking group with autism used more synchronized than unsynchronized comments, while parents of the non-speaking group used the same amount of synchronized and unsynchronized comments. These findings are discussed in terms of how the developmental level affects behavior and interaction in autism.

  17. 26 CFR 1.468B-6 - Escrow accounts, trusts, and other funds used during deferred exchanges of like-kind property...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 6 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Escrow accounts, trusts, and other funds used during deferred exchanges of like-kind property under section 1031(a)(3). 1.468B-6 Section 1.468B-6... other funds used during deferred exchanges of like-kind property under section 1031(a)(3). (a)...

  18. Clinical Outcomes in Patients with Deferred Coronary Lesions according to Disease Severity Assessed by Fractional Flow Reserve.

    PubMed

    Won, Ki Bum; Nam, Chang Wook; Cho, Yun Kyeong; Yoon, Hyuck Jun; Park, Hyoung Seob; Kim, Hyungseop; Han, Seongwook; Hur, Seung Ho; Kim, Yoon Nyun; Park, Sang Hyun; Han, Jung Kyu; Koo, Bon Kwon; Kim, Hyo Soo; Doh, Joon Hyung; Lee, Sung Yun; Yang, Hyoung Mo; Lim, Hong Seok; Yoon, Myeong Ho; Tahk, Seung Jea; Kim, Kwon Bae

    2016-12-01

    Data on the clinical outcomes in deferred coronary lesions according to functional severity have been limited. This study evaluated the clinical outcomes of deferred lesions according to fractional flow reserve (FFR) grade using Korean FFR registry data. Among 1,294 patients and 1,628 lesions in Korean FFR registry, 665 patients with 781 deferred lesions were included in this study. All participants were consecutively categorized into 4 groups according to FFR; group 1: ≥ 0.96 (n = 56), group 2: 0.86-0.95 (n = 330), group 3: 0.81-0.85 (n = 170), and group 4: ≤ 0.80 (n = 99). Primary endpoint was major adverse cardiac events (MACE), a composite of all-cause death, myocardial infarction, and target vessel revascularization. The median follow-up period was 2.1 years. During follow-up, the incidence of MACE in groups 1-4 was 1.8%, 7.6%, 8.8%, and 13.1%, respectively. Compared to group 1, the cumulative rate by Kaplan-Meier analysis of MACE was not different for groups 2 and 3. However, group 4 had higher cumulative rate of MACE compared to group 1 (log-rank P = 0.013). In the multivariate Cox hazard models, only FFR (hazard ratio [HR], 0.95; P = 0.005) was independently associated with MACE among all participants. In contrast, previous history of percutaneous coronary intervention (HR, 2.37; P = 0.023) and diagnosis of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) (HR, 2.35; P = 0.015), but not FFR, were independent predictors for MACE in subjects with non-ischemic (FFR ≥ 0.81) deferred coronary lesions. Compared to subjects with ischemic deferred lesions, clinical outcomes in subjects with non-ischemic deferred lesions according to functional severity are favorable. However, longer-term follow-up may be necessary.

  19. Long-term memory, forgetting, and deferred imitation in 12-month-old infants

    PubMed Central

    Klein, Pamela J.; Meltzoff, Andrew N.

    2013-01-01

    Long-term recall memory, as indexed by deferred imitation, was assessed in 12-month-old infants. Independent groups of infants were tested after retention intervals of 3 min, 1 week and 4 weeks. Deferred imitation was assessed using the ‘observation-only’ procedure in which infants were not allowed motor practice on the tasks before the delay was imposed. Thus, the memory could not have been based on re-accessing a motor habit, because none was formed in the first place. After the delay, memory was assessed either in the same or a different environmental context from the one in which the adult had originally demonstrated the acts. In Experiments 1 and 3, infants observed the target acts while in an unusual environment (an orange and white polka-dot tent), and recall memory was tested in an ordinary room. In Experiment 2, infants observed the target acts in their homes and were tested for memory in a university room. The results showed recall memory after all retention intervals, including the 4 week delay, with no effect of context change. Interestingly, the forgetting function showed that the bulk of the forgetting occurred during the first week. The findings of recall memory without motor practice support the view that infants as young as 12 months old use a declarative (nonprocedural) memory system to span delay intervals as long as 4 weeks. PMID:25147475

  20. Undocumented students pursuing medical education: The implications of deferred action for childhood arrivals (DACA).

    PubMed

    Balderas-Medina Anaya, Yohualli; del Rosario, Mithi; Doyle, Lawrence Hy; Hayes-Bautista, David E

    2014-12-01

    There are about 1.8 million young immigrants in the United States who came or were brought to the country without documentation before the age of 16. These youth have been raised and educated in the United States and have aspirations and educational achievements similar to those of their native-born peers. However, their undocumented status has hindered their pursuit of higher education, especially in medical and other graduate health sciences. Under a new discretionary policy, Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA), many of these young immigrants are eligible to receive permission to reside and work in the United States. DACA defers deportation of eligible, undocumented youth and grants lawful presence in the United States, work permits, Social Security numbers, and, in most states, driver's licenses. These privileges have diminished the barriers undocumented students traditionally have faced in obtaining higher education, specifically in pursuing medicine. With the advent of DACA, students are slowly matriculating into U.S. medical schools and residencies. However, this applicant pool remains largely untapped. In the face of a physician shortage and the implementation of the Affordable Care Act, an increase in matriculation of qualified undocumented students would be greatly beneficial. This Perspective is intended to begin discussion within the academic medicine community of the implications of DACA in reducing barriers for the selection and matriculation of undocumented medical students and residents. Moreover, this Perspective is a call to peers in the medical community to support undocumented students seeking access to medical school, residency, and other health professions.

  1. Deferred Growth Inhibition Assay to Quantify the Effect of Bacteria-derived Antimicrobials on Competition.

    PubMed

    Moran, Josephine C; Crank, Emma L; Ghabban, Hanaa A; Horsburgh, Malcolm J

    2016-09-03

    Competitive exclusion can occur in microbial communities when, for example, an inhibitor-producing strain outcompetes its competitor for an essential nutrient or produces antimicrobial compounds that its competitor is not resistant to. Here we describe a deferred growth inhibition assay, a method for assessing the ability of one bacterium to inhibit the growth of another through the production of antimicrobial compounds or through competition for nutrients. This technique has been used to investigate the correlation of nasal isolates with the exclusion of particular species from a community. This technique can also be used to screen for lantibiotic producers or potentially novel antimicrobials. The assay is performed by first culturing the test inhibitor-producing strain overnight on an agar plate, then spraying over the test competitor strain and incubating again. After incubation, the extent of inhibition can be measured quantitatively, through the size of the zone of clearing around the inhibitor-producing strain, and qualitatively, by assessing the clarity of the inhibition zone. Here we present the protocol for the deferred inhibition assay, describe ways to minimize variation between experiments, and define a clarity scale that can be used to qualitatively assess the degree of inhibition.

  2. Deferred Growth Inhibition Assay to Quantify the Effect of Bacteria-derived Antimicrobials on Competition

    PubMed Central

    Moran, Josephine C.; Crank, Emma L.; Ghabban, Hanaa A.; Horsburgh, Malcolm J.

    2016-01-01

    Competitive exclusion can occur in microbial communities when, for example, an inhibitor-producing strain outcompetes its competitor for an essential nutrient or produces antimicrobial compounds that its competitor is not resistant to. Here we describe a deferred growth inhibition assay, a method for assessing the ability of one bacterium to inhibit the growth of another through the production of antimicrobial compounds or through competition for nutrients. This technique has been used to investigate the correlation of nasal isolates with the exclusion of particular species from a community. This technique can also be used to screen for lantibiotic producers or potentially novel antimicrobials. The assay is performed by first culturing the test inhibitor-producing strain overnight on an agar plate, then spraying over the test competitor strain and incubating again. After incubation, the extent of inhibition can be measured quantitatively, through the size of the zone of clearing around the inhibitor-producing strain, and qualitatively, by assessing the clarity of the inhibition zone. Here we present the protocol for the deferred inhibition assay, describe ways to minimize variation between experiments, and define a clarity scale that can be used to qualitatively assess the degree of inhibition. PMID:27684443

  3. Conservative multi-implicit spectral deferred correction methods for reacting gas dynamics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Layton, Anita T.; Minion, Michael L.

    2004-03-01

    In most models of reacting gas dynamics, the characteristic time scales of chemical reactions are much shorter than the hydrodynamic and diffusive time scales, rendering the reaction part of the model equations stiff. Moreover, nonlinear forcings may introduce into the solutions sharp gradients or shocks, the robust behavior and correct propagation of which require the use of specialized spatial discretization procedures. This study presents high-order conservative methods for the temporal integration of model equations of reacting flows. By means of a method of lines discretization on the flux difference form of the equations, these methods compute approximations to the cell-averaged or finite-volume solution. The temporal discretization is based on a multi-implicit generalization of spectral deferred correction methods. The advection term is integrated explicitly, and the diffusion and reaction terms are treated implicitly but independently, with the splitting errors reduced via the spectral deferred correction procedure. To reduce computational cost, different time steps may be used to integrate processes with widely-differing time scales. Numerical results show that the conservative nature of the methods allows a robust representation of discontinuities and sharp gradients; the results also demonstrate the expected convergence rates for the methods of orders three, four, and five for smooth problems.

  4. 26 CFR 1.665(b)-1A - Accumulation distributions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Accumulation distributions. 1.665(b)-1A Section... TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES Treatment of Excess Distributions of Trusts Applicable to Taxable Years Beginning on Or After January 1, 1969 § 1.665(b)-1A Accumulation distributions. (a) In general. (1) For...

  5. Asset Accumulation and Family Size. A Rand Note.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, James P.; Ward, Michael P.

    The influence of childbearing on a family's ability to accumulate assets is examined in this paper. The first section presents a theoretical framework for analyzing the evolving life-time process of asset accumulation. This model highlights the principal factors that determine life cycle paths of consumption, income, savings, and the time…

  6. Dreams Deferred?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Asquith, Christina

    2007-01-01

    This article describes how Alan Newton has put his life back together after he was set free. Before he came to Medgar Evers College in Brooklyn, Newton spent 22 years locked up in 12 different New York state prisons for a crime he did not commit. His ordeal began when a White woman who had been raped in the Bronx mistakenly identified the…

  7. Citizenship Deferred

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cooper, Kenneth J.

    2011-01-01

    After two elections and several recounts and court decisions, the Cherokee Nation of Oklahoma has installed a new principal chief for the first time in a dozen years. Unlike his predecessor, Chief Bill John Baker has not opposed descendants of the tribe's former slaves, known as the Cherokee Freedmen, having rights as tribal citizens. That legal…

  8. Income and Child Development

    PubMed Central

    Berger, Lawrence M.; Paxson, Christina; Waldfogel, Jane

    2010-01-01

    We examine how income is associated with the home environments and the cognitive and behavioral development of pre-school children, using data from a birth cohort study of children born at the end of the 20th century. Lower-income 3-year-old children are more likely than wealthier children to live in homes with inadequate physical environments and to have mothers who are more likely to be stressed, depressed, harsh and unresponsive. Additionally, low income children have lower PPVT scores, more mother-reported aggressive, withdrawn, and anxious behavior problems, and also more interviewer-reported problems with behavior, than more affluent children. A key policy question is whether increases in the incomes of poor families would result in improvements in children’s outcomes, at least in part through improvements in the home environment. This question is difficult to answer using observational data. However, we argue that, even under the most generous interpretation of the associations we estimate, large income transfer programs would have relatively small effects on children’s cognitive and behavioral outcomes. PMID:20368763

  9. 34 CFR 674.35 - Deferment of repayment-Federal Perkins loans made before July 1, 1993.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... to qualify for a deferment. (3) If a borrower is attending as at least a half-time regular student for a full academic year and intends to enroll as at least a half-time regular student in the next... borrower is at least a half-time regular student at— (i) An institution of higher education; or (ii)...

  10. 34 CFR 674.37 - Deferment of repayment-NDSLs made before October 1, 1980 and Defense loans.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... the borrower to qualify for a deferment. (3) If a borrower is attending as at least a half-time regular student for a full academic year and intends to enroll as at least half-time regular student in... loan, when the borrower is at least a half-time regular student at— (i) An institution of...

  11. Save a Penny, Lose a School: The Real Cost of Deferred Maintenance. Policy Brief Series on Rural Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lawrence, Barbara Kent

    Deferring maintenance in small rural schools creates poor conditions that can affect the health and safety of everyone who uses the facility, damage the morale of students and teachers, impair their ability to teach and learn, and threaten the facility itself. Numerous recommendations for policy changes that affect maintenance are presented. A…

  12. Participation in Black Lives Matter and Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals: Modern Activism among Black and Latino College Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hope, Elan C.; Keels, Micere; Durkee, Myles I.

    2016-01-01

    Political activism is one way racially/ethnically marginalized youth can combat institutional discrimination and seek legislative change toward equality and justice. In the current study, we examine participation in #BlackLivesMatter (BLM) and advocacy for Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) as political activism popular among youth.…

  13. DACA at the Two-Year Mark: A National and State Profile of Youth Eligible and Applying for Deferred Action

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Batalova, Jeanne; Hooker, Sarah; Capps, Randy

    2014-01-01

    Since the Obama administration launched the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program in 2012, which offers temporary relief from deportation and the right to apply for work authorization for certain unauthorized immigrants who came to the United States as children, 55 percent of the 1.2 million youth who immediately met the program's…

  14. Assisted reproduction technique outcomes for fresh versus deferred cryopreserved day-2 embryo transfer: a retrospective matched cohort study.

    PubMed

    Bourdon, Mathilde; Santulli, Pietro; Gayet, Vanessa; Maignien, Chloé; Marcellin, Louis; Pocate-Cheriet, Khaled; Chapron, Charles

    2017-03-01

    Ovarian stimulation could adversely affect endometrial receptivity and consequently embryo implantation. One emerging strategy is the 'freeze-all' approach. Most studies have focused on blastocyst transfers, with limited research on day-2 deferred cryopreserved embryo transfers. In this large retrospective cohort study, outcomes were compared between day-2 fresh versus deferred cryopreserved embryo transfers. After matching by age and number of previous cycles, 325 cycles were included in the fresh group and 325 in the deferred cryopreserved embryo transfers group: no significant differences were found between groups in implantation (0.20 ± 0.33 versus 0.17 ± 0.31, respectively) and ongoing pregnancy rates (21.85% versus 18.46%). Independent predictors for ongoing pregnancy after a multiple logistic regression analysis were the women's age (OR = 0.92; 95% CI 0.88 to 0.97), body mass index (OR = 0.94; 95% CI 0.89 to 0.99), the number of two pronuclei embryos (OR = 1.19; 95% CI 1.04 to 1.40) and at least one grade 1 embryo transferred (OR = 1.97; 95% CI 1.26 to 3.05). In the case of a day-2 embryo transfer, outcomes after treatment with assisted reproduction techniques are similar for fresh versus deferred cryopreserved embryo transfers when pre-transfer progesterone exposures are similar in the two groups.

  15. 27 CFR 41.110 - Record of tax computation and shipment by bonded manufacturer under deferred taxpayment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... cigarettes, or small cigars to be shipped; (e) The number and total sale price of large cigars having a sale...) TOBACCO IMPORTATION OF TOBACCO PRODUCTS, CIGARETTE PAPERS AND TUBES, AND PROCESSED TOBACCO Puerto Rican Tobacco Products and Cigarette Papers and Tubes, Brought Into the United States Deferred Payment of Tax...

  16. 34 CFR 674.37 - Deferment of repayment-NDSLs made before October 1, 1980 and Defense loans.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ..., 1980 and Defense loans. 674.37 Section 674.37 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of... PROGRAM Terms of Loans § 674.37 Deferment of repayment—NDSLs made before October 1, 1980 and Defense loans..., Marines or Coast Guard (see § 674.59); (2) A Peace Corps volunteer (see § 674.60); or (3) A...

  17. 34 CFR 674.35 - Deferment of repayment-Federal Perkins loans made before July 1, 1993.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... before July 1, 1993. 674.35 Section 674.35 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of... PROGRAM Terms of Loans § 674.35 Deferment of repayment—Federal Perkins loans made before July 1, 1993. (a... § 674.59); (2) On full-time active duty as a member of the National Oceanic and...

  18. 26 CFR 301.6057-1 - Employee retirement benefit plans; identification of participant with deferred vested retirement...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 18 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Employee retirement benefit plans; identification of participant with deferred vested retirement benefit. 301.6057-1 Section 301.6057-1 Internal... PROCEDURE AND ADMINISTRATION Information and Returns Returns and Records § 301.6057-1 Employee...

  19. 26 CFR 301.6057-1 - Employee retirement benefit plans; identification of participant with deferred vested retirement...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 18 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Employee retirement benefit plans; identification of participant with deferred vested retirement benefit. 301.6057-1 Section 301.6057-1 Internal... PROCEDURE AND ADMINISTRATION Information and Returns Returns and Records § 301.6057-1 Employee...

  20. 26 CFR 301.6057-1 - Employee retirement benefit plans; identification of participant with deferred vested retirement...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 18 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Employee retirement benefit plans; identification of participant with deferred vested retirement benefit. 301.6057-1 Section 301.6057-1 Internal... PROCEDURE AND ADMINISTRATION Information and Returns Returns and Records § 301.6057-1 Employee...

  1. 26 CFR 301.6057-1 - Employee retirement benefit plans; identification of participant with deferred vested retirement...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 18 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Employee retirement benefit plans; identification of participant with deferred vested retirement benefit. 301.6057-1 Section 301.6057-1 Internal... PROCEDURE AND ADMINISTRATION Information and Returns Returns and Records § 301.6057-1 Employee...

  2. 26 CFR 301.6057-1 - Employee retirement benefit plans; identification of participant with deferred vested retirement...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 18 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Employee retirement benefit plans; identification of participant with deferred vested retirement benefit. 301.6057-1 Section 301.6057-1 Internal... PROCEDURE AND ADMINISTRATION Information and Returns Returns and Records § 301.6057-1 Employee...

  3. 26 CFR 1.101-7 - Mortality table used to determine exclusion for deferred payments of life insurance proceeds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... provides only for the payment of $5,000 per year for the life of the beneficiary, A, beginning with the... deferred payments of life insurance proceeds. 1.101-7 Section 1.101-7 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE... payments of life insurance proceeds. (a) Mortality table. Notwithstanding any provision of § 1.101-4...

  4. 26 CFR 1.101-7 - Mortality table used to determine exclusion for deferred payments of life insurance proceeds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... provides only for the payment of $5,000 per year for the life of the beneficiary, A, beginning with the... deferred payments of life insurance proceeds. 1.101-7 Section 1.101-7 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE... payments of life insurance proceeds. (a) Mortality table. Notwithstanding any provision of § 1.101-4...

  5. Visualization by proxy: a novel framework for deferred interaction with volume data.

    PubMed

    Tikhonova, Anna; Correa, Carlos D; Ma, Kwan-Liu

    2010-01-01

    Interactivity is key to exploration of volume data. Interactivity may be hindered due to many factors, e.g. large data size,high resolution or complexity of a data set, or an expensive rendering algorithm. We present a novel framework for visualizing volume data that enables interactive exploration using proxy images, without accessing the original 3D data. Data exploration using direct volume rendering requires multiple (often redundant) accesses to possibly large amounts of data. The notion of visualization by proxy relies on the ability to defer operations traditionally used for exploring 3D data to a more suitable intermediate representation for interaction--proxy images. Such operations include view changes, transfer function exploration, and relighting. While previous work has addressed specific interaction needs, we provide a complete solution that enables real-time interaction with large data sets and has low hardware and storage requirements.

  6. Schooling and Income Distribution

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marin, Alan; Psacharopoulos, George

    1976-01-01

    Analyzes the relationship between years of schooling and income distribution, based on human capital theory. (Available from North-Holland Publishing Company, P.O. Box 211, Amsterdam, the Netherlands; $13.50 annually, plus $4.00 postage and handling) (JG)

  7. Annual Income Tax Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Exceptional Parent, 1987

    1987-01-01

    An income tax guide is presented to aid families with certain aspects of the Tax Reform Act of 1986 that specifically affect disabled persons and their families. Among items covered are personal and standard deductions, the additional standard deduction, deduction for dependents, deductions for medical expenses, and tax credits. (Author/DB)

  8. Income Tax Tips

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Darryl Lee

    2006-01-01

    Every year at this time millions of Americans scramble to file or extend their income tax returns. This article explores some of the Internal Revenue Code (IRC) sections that might affect (or relate to) the taxation of parents of disabled or special healthcare needs children. Many of these tax provisions also apply to parents with adult children…

  9. The Middle Income Squeeze

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Glover, Steve

    1978-01-01

    Complaints about a middle income family's hardships in sending their children to private colleges and universities are examined. The difficulty may be attributable to a progressive College Scholarship Service (CSS) taxation rate schedule that causes larger proportionate reductions in the standard of living for some families than others.…

  10. Action plan to regain unnecessary deferred blood donors due to malaria risk in Turkey.

    PubMed

    Değirmenci, Aysu; Döşkaya, Mert; Caner, Ayşe; Nergis, Sebnem; Gül, Kadri; Aydınok, Yeşim; Ertop, Tufan; Aksoy, Nurten; Korkmaz, Metin; Alkan, Mehmet Ziya; Üner, Ahmet; Gürüz, Yüksel

    2012-06-01

    Malaria was expected to be a major problem during blood donation in Turkey due to existence of malaria cases in southeastern region of Turkey. The present study aimed for the first time, to investigate malaria in "donors deferred for malaria risk" and to determine the regional rates of malaria deferral in Turkey. Blood samples were collected from several Blood Banks of southeastern provinces where local malaria cases still exist and from Blood Bank of Ege University Medical School (EUMS) located in western Turkey where malaria is eradicated decades ago. Plasmodium spp. and specific antibodies were investigated by stained smears, antigen detection, PCR and ELISA. Among the donors deferred for malaria risk, Plasmodium spp. were not detected by microscopy, PCR or antigen detection. Seroprevalances were 2% and 3.92% in western and southeastern regions, respectively. Rate of donor deferral for malaria risk was 0.9% in EUMS and deferrals were exclusively because of travel to southeastern Turkey. In southeastern provinces, deferrals were mainly due to malaria like fever history. The present study first time assessed regional rates of donor deferral due to malaria risk in Turkey. Previously, malaria was expected to be a major problem during blood donation in Turkey due to existence of malaria cases in southeastern region of Turkey. The results of the study showed that 97% of the deferrals were unnecessary. In conclusion, to reduce unnecessary donor deferrals in Turkey, in addition to comprehensive questioning for malaria history, the usage of a malaria antibody screening method should be initiated prior to deferral decision.

  11. Effects of income redistribution on the evolution of cooperation in spatial public goods games

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pei, Zhenhua; Wang, Baokui; Du, Jinming

    2017-01-01

    Income redistribution is the transfer of income from some individuals to others directly or indirectly by means of social mechanisms, such as taxation, public services and so on. Employing a spatial public goods game, we study the influence of income redistribution on the evolution of cooperation. Two kinds of evolutionary models are constructed, which describe local and global redistribution of income respectively. In the local model, players have to pay part of their income after each PGG and the accumulated income is redistributed to the members. While in the global model, all the players pay part of their income after engaging in all the local PGGs, which are centred on himself and his nearest neighbours, and the accumulated income is redistributed to the whole population. We show that the cooperation prospers significantly with increasing income expenditure proportion in the local redistribution of income, while in the global model the situation is opposite. Furthermore, the cooperation drops dramatically from the maximum curvature point of income expenditure proportion. In particular, the intermediate critical points are closely related to the renormalized enhancement factors.

  12. A two-year longitudinal study of deferred imitation of object manipulation in a juvenile chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes) and orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus).

    PubMed

    Bjorklund, D F; Bering, J M; Ragan, P

    2000-12-01

    Changes in deferred imitation of novel actions on objects were assessed over a 2-year period in two enculturated, juvenile great apes (one chimpanzee, Pan troglodytes, and one orangutan, Pongo pygmaeus). Both apes displayed deferred imitation, and both displayed improve ments in deferred imitation over the 2-year period, although the magnitude of improvement was greater for the chimpanzee. This is, to our knowledge, the first experimental demonstration of longitudinal improvements of deferred imitation in great apes. The results were interpreted as reflecting maturationally paced cognitive differences consistent with other cognitive accomplishments in these species, and as demonstrating the influence that a species-atypical rearing environment can have on cognitive abilities in juvenile great apes.

  13. 20 CFR 627.450 - Program income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...) Definition of program income. (1) Program income means income received by the recipient or subrecipient that... for copyrighted material, patents, patent applications, trademarks, and inventions developed by...

  14. The Widening Income Achievement Gap

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reardon, Sean F.

    2013-01-01

    Has the academic achievement gap between high-income and low-income students changed over the last few decades? If so, why? And what can schools do about it? Researcher Sean F. Reardon conducted a comprehensive analysis of research to answer these questions and came up with some striking findings. In this article, he shows that income-related…

  15. Launching Low-Income Entrepreneurs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Laney, Kahliah

    2013-01-01

    With middle-income jobs in decline, entrepreneurship offers an increasingly promising pathway out of poverty; but few low-income New Yorkers are currently taking this route to economic self-sufficiency. This report provides the most comprehensive examination of low-income entrepreneurship in New York. The report documents current self-employment…

  16. Income and Well-Being: Relative Income and Absolute Income Weaken Negative Emotion, but Only Relative Income Improves Positive Emotion

    PubMed Central

    Yu, Zonghuo; Chen, Li

    2016-01-01

    Whether relative income or absolute income could affect subjective well-being has been a bone of contention for years. Life satisfaction and the relative frequency of positive and negative emotions are parts of subjective well-being. According to the prospect theory, hedonic adaptation helps to explain why positive emotion is often so hard to be maintained, and negative emotion wouldn’t be easy to be eliminated. So we expect the relationship between income and positive emotion is different from that between income and negative emotion. Given that regional reference is the main comparison mechanism, effects of regional average income on regional average subjective well-being should be potentially zero if only relative income matters. Using multilevel analysis, we tested the hypotheses with a dataset of 30,144 individuals from 162 counties in China. The results suggested that household income at the individual level is associated with life satisfaction, happiness and negative emotions. On the contrary, at a county level, household income is only associated with negative emotion. In other words, happiness and life satisfaction was only associated with relative income, but negative emotion was associated with relative income and absolute income. Without social comparison, income doesn’t improve happiness, but it could weaken negative emotion. Therefore, it is possible for economic growth to weaken negative emotion without improving happiness. These findings also contribute to the current debate about the “Esterling paradox.” PMID:28066312

  17. Income and Well-Being: Relative Income and Absolute Income Weaken Negative Emotion, but Only Relative Income Improves Positive Emotion.

    PubMed

    Yu, Zonghuo; Chen, Li

    2016-01-01

    Whether relative income or absolute income could affect subjective well-being has been a bone of contention for years. Life satisfaction and the relative frequency of positive and negative emotions are parts of subjective well-being. According to the prospect theory, hedonic adaptation helps to explain why positive emotion is often so hard to be maintained, and negative emotion wouldn't be easy to be eliminated. So we expect the relationship between income and positive emotion is different from that between income and negative emotion. Given that regional reference is the main comparison mechanism, effects of regional average income on regional average subjective well-being should be potentially zero if only relative income matters. Using multilevel analysis, we tested the hypotheses with a dataset of 30,144 individuals from 162 counties in China. The results suggested that household income at the individual level is associated with life satisfaction, happiness and negative emotions. On the contrary, at a county level, household income is only associated with negative emotion. In other words, happiness and life satisfaction was only associated with relative income, but negative emotion was associated with relative income and absolute income. Without social comparison, income doesn't improve happiness, but it could weaken negative emotion. Therefore, it is possible for economic growth to weaken negative emotion without improving happiness. These findings also contribute to the current debate about the "Esterling paradox."

  18. Association of Lower Fractional Flow Reserve Values With Higher Risk of Adverse Cardiac Events for Lesions Deferred Revascularization Among Patients With Acute Coronary Syndrome

    PubMed Central

    Masrani Mehta, Shriti; Depta, Jeremiah P; Novak, Eric; Patel, Jayendrakumar S; Patel, Yogesh; Raymer, David; Facey, Gabrielle; Zajarias, Alan; Lasala, John M; Singh, Jasvindar; Bach, Richard G; Kurz, Howard I

    2015-01-01

    Background The safety of deferring revascularization based on fractional flow reserve (FFR) during acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is unclear. We evaluated the association of FFR and adverse cardiac events among patients with coronary lesions deferred revascularization based on FFR in the setting of ACS versus non-ACS. Methods and Results The study population (674 patients; 816 lesions) was divided into ACS (n=334) and non-ACS (n=340) groups based on the diagnosis when revascularization was deferred based on FFR values >0.80 between October 2002 and July 2010. The association and interaction between FFR and clinical outcomes was evaluated using Cox proportional hazards models within each group (mean follow-up of 4.5±2.1 years). Subsequent revascularization of a deferred lesion was classified as a deferred lesion intervention (DLI), whereas the composite of DLI or myocardial infarction (MI) attributed to a deferred lesion was designated as deferred lesion failure (DLF). In the non-ACS group, lower FFR values were not associated with any increase in adverse cardiac events. In the ACS group, every 0.01 decrease in FFR was associated with a significantly higher rate of cardiovascular death, MI, or DLI (hazard ratio [HR], 1.08; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.03 to 1.12), MI or DLI (HR, 1.09; 95% CI: 1.04 to 1.14), DLF (HR, 1.12; 95% CI, 1.06 to 1.18), MI (HR, 1.07; 95% CI, 1.00 to 1.14), and DLI (HR, 1.12; 95% CI, 1.06 to 1.18). Conclusion Lower FFR values among ACS patients with coronary lesions deferred revascularization based on FFR are associated with a significantly higher rate of adverse cardiac events. This association was not observed in non-ACS patients. PMID:26289346

  19. Runways at small airports are deteriorating because of deferred maintenance: Action needed by FAA and the Congress

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    1982-09-01

    Runways at many small airports are deteriorating faster than necessary because airport owners--usually local governments--have deferred critical maintenance. The result is damage to the runways' basic structure and a shortened useful life if they are not repaired. Based on GAO's review of 46 airports, studies by others, and the views of FAA officials, deferred maintenance is apparently a longstanding nationwide problem. Lack of funds is cited by airport owners as the primary reason for not performing needed maintenance; however, the Federal Aviation Administration's apathy to bring about satisfactory maintenance is a contributing cause. GAO is recommending actions that FAA can take to help ensure that runways at small airports are properly maintained. The Congress should recognize the airport owners' lack of resources to properly maintain airports when considering future revisions to the Airport Improvement Program.

  20. Fractional Flow Reserve-Guided Deferred Versus Complete Revascularization in Patients With Diabetes Mellitus.

    PubMed

    Kennedy, Mark W; Hermanides, Rik S; Kaplan, Emel; Hemradj, Veemal; Fabris, Enrico; Koopmans, Petra C; Dambrink, Jan-Henk E; Gosselink, A T Marcel; Van't Hof, Arnoud W J; Ottervanger, Jan Paul; Roolvink, Vincent; Remkes, Wouter S; van der Sluis, Aize; Suryapranata, Harry; Kedhi, Elvin

    2016-11-01

    To assess the safety and efficacy of deferred versus complete revascularization using a fractional flow reserve (FFR)-guided strategy in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM), we analyzed all DM patients who underwent FFR-guided revascularization from January 1, 2010, to December 12, 2013. Patients were divided into 2 groups: those with ≥1 remaining FFR-negative (>0.80) medically treated lesions [FFR(-)MT] and those with only FFR-positive lesions (≤0.80) who underwent complete revascularization [FFR(+)CR] and were followed until July 1, 2015. The primary end point was the incidence of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE), a composite of death, myocardial infarction (MI), target lesion (FFR assessed) revascularization, and rehospitalization for acute coronary syndrome. A total of 294 patients, 205 (69.7%) versus 89 (30.3%) in FFR(-)MT and FFR(+)CR, respectively, were analyzed. At a mean follow-up of 32.6 ± 18.1 months, FFR(-)MT was associated with higher MACE rate 44.0% versus 26.6% (log-rank p = 0.02, Cox regression-adjusted hazard ratio [HR] 2.01, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.21 to 3.33, p <0.01), and driven by both safety and efficacy end points: death/MI (HR 2.02, 95% CI 1.06 to 3.86, p = 0.03), rehospitalization for acute coronary syndrome (HR 2.06, 95% CI 1.03 to 4.10, p = 0.04), and target lesion revascularization (HR 3.38, 95% CI 1.19 to 9.64, p = 0.02). Previous MI was a strong effect modifier within the FFR(-)MT group (HR 1.98, 95% CI 1.26 to 3.13, p <0.01), whereas this was not the case in the FFR(+)CR group (HR 0.66, 95% CI 0.27 to 1.62, p = 0.37). Significant interaction for MACE was present between FFR groups and previous MI (p = 0.03). In conclusion, in patients with DM, particularly those with previous MI, deferred revascularization is associated with poor medium-term outcomes. Combining FFR with imaging techniques may be required to guide our treatment strategy in these patients with high-risk, fast-progressing atherosclerosis.

  1. Theoretical analysis for scaling law of thermal blooming based on optical phase deference

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sun, Yunqiang; Huang, Zhilong; Ren, Zebin; Chen, Zhiqiang; Guo, Longde; Xi, Fengjie

    2016-10-01

    parameters and the geometric scaling parameters can really describe the gas thermal blooming effect in the axial pipe flow. These conclusions can give a good reference for the construction of the thermal blooming test system of laser system. Contrasted with the thermal blooming scaling parameters of the Bradley-Hermann distortion number ND and Fresnel number NF, which were derived based on the change of far field beam intensity distortion, the scaling parameters of pipe flow thermal blooming deduced from the optical path deference variation are very suitable for the optical system with short laser propagation distance, large Fresnel number and obviously changed optical path deference.

  2. INCOME INCONGRUITY, RACE AND PRETERM BIRTH

    EPA Science Inventory

    Previous research with vital records finds income incongruity associated with adverse birth outcomes. We examined the effects of negative income incongruity (reporting lower household income than the census tract median household income) on preterm birth (PTB <37 weeks completed ...

  3. INCOME INCONGRUITY, RACE AND PRETERM BIRTH (PTB)

    EPA Science Inventory

    Previous research using birth records has found income incongruity associated with adverse birth outcomes. The effects of negative income incongruity (reporting lower household income than the census tract median household income) on PTB (<37 weeks completed gestation) are examin...

  4. 24 CFR 570.504 - Program income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Program income. 570.504 Section 570... income. (a) Recording program income. The receipt and expenditure of program income as defined in § 570... of program income received by recipients. (1) Program income received before grant closeout may...

  5. 24 CFR 5.611 - Adjusted income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Adjusted income. 5.611 Section 5... Serving Persons with Disabilities: Family Income and Family Payment; Occupancy Requirements for Section 8 Project-Based Assistance Family Income § 5.611 Adjusted income. Adjusted income means annual income...

  6. 7 CFR 277.10 - Program income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Program income. 277.10 Section 277.10 Agriculture... § 277.10 Program income. (a) Program income is gross income resulting from activities financed with program funds. Such earnings exclude interest income but include income from service fees, usage or...

  7. 24 CFR 5.611 - Adjusted income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Adjusted income. 5.611 Section 5... Serving Persons with Disabilities: Family Income and Family Payment; Occupancy Requirements for Section 8 Project-Based Assistance Family Income § 5.611 Adjusted income. Adjusted income means annual income...

  8. 24 CFR 570.504 - Program income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 3 2011-04-01 2010-04-01 true Program income. 570.504 Section 570... income. (a) Recording program income. The receipt and expenditure of program income as defined in § 570... of program income received by recipients. (1) Program income received before grant closeout may...

  9. 7 CFR 277.10 - Program income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 4 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Program income. 277.10 Section 277.10 Agriculture... § 277.10 Program income. (a) Program income is gross income resulting from activities financed with program funds. Such earnings exclude interest income but include income from service fees, usage or...

  10. 43 CFR 12.65 - Program income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... to State and Local Governments Post-Award Requirements § 12.65 Program income. (a) General. Grantees... interest earned on any of them. (b) Definition of program income. Program income means gross income... program income. Program income shall be deducted from outlays which may be both Federal and non-Federal...

  11. Applying wind turbines and battery storage to defer Orcas Power and Light Company distribution circuit upgrades

    SciTech Connect

    Zaininger, H.W.; Barnes, P.R.

    1997-03-01

    The purpose of this study is to conduct a detailed assessment of the Orcas Power and Light Company (OPALCO) system to determine the potential for deferring the costly upgrade of the 25-kV Lopez- Eastsound circuit, by the application of a MW-scale wind farm and battery storage facilities as appropriate. Local wind resource data has been collected over the past year and used to determine MW-scale wind farm performance. This hourly wind farm performance data is used with measured hourly Eastsound load data, and recent OPALCO distribution system expansion plans and cost projections in performing this detailed benefit-cost assessment. The OPALCO distribution circuit expansion project and assumptions are described. MW-scale wind farm performance results are given. The economic benefit-cost results for the wind farm and battery storage applications on the OPALCO system using OPALCO system design criteria and cost assumptions are reported. A recalculation is presented of the benefit-cost results for similar potential wind farm and battery storage applications on other utility systems with higher marginal energy and demand costs. Conclusions and recommendations are presented.

  12. Crisis as deferred closure-clairvoyant counselling in contemporary Danish society.

    PubMed

    Steffen, Vibeke

    2013-01-01

    Clairvoyance, spiritualism and healing are popular ways of seeking guidance and personal development in contemporary Danish society. Although few Danes are self-declared spiritualists, many believe in the existence of ghosts and the ability of clairvoyants to communicate with the departed, and the market of alternative therapies offers a number of mediumistic activities. In anthropological writings, such activities are often associated with crisis and the re-establishment of order. The concept of crisis refers to a time of great difficulty or danger or when an important decision must be made. Looking at the people who seek guidance from the spiritual world, however, both the implication of a limited time span, the idea of great difficulty, and the indication of decision-making may be challenged. In some cases, spirit consultations initiate processes of new definitions and classifications of problems, but in others they just seem to confirm old problems in an ongoing effort to cope with the difficulties of everyday situations. The aim of this paper is to explore the diversity of outcomes from clairvoyance and spiritualist consultations. Focusing on the particularity of specific cases, the author wants to demonstrate the analytical implications of seeing these activities through the lens of crisis. Instead of pushing the framework of crisis, meaning and order, the author suggests a rethinking of spiritual healing as an integrated rather than extraordinary way of dealing with the challenges of everyday life, and of crisis as a context for the deferred closure of insecurity.

  13. A delay discounting task produces a greater likelihood of waiting than a deferred gratification task.

    PubMed

    Young, Michael E; McCoy, Anthony W

    2015-01-01

    A first-person-shooter video game was adapted for the study of choice between smaller sooner and larger later outcomes to compare the behavioral patterns produced by deferred gratification (DG) and delay discounting (DD) tasks. Participants played a game in which they could either fire their weapon sooner and do a small amount of damage or wait a few seconds to fire their weapon and do a larger amount of damage. For the DD task, a failure to fire within one second committed the player to waiting for the larger later outcome thus removing the opportunity to defect during the delay that is present in the DG task. The incentive structure changed multiple times during game play so that at times the optimal decision was to choose the smaller sooner outcome whereas at other times the optimal decision was to wait for the larger later outcome. Players assigned to the DD task showed a greater tendency to wait and lower sensitivity to the changing incentives.

  14. Income, education, and fertility.

    PubMed

    1978-01-01

    A study based on data from the National Impact Survey (1968-69) delineates the impact of family planning programs on the demography of Pakistan. Son preference was found to be a strong factor in deciding the desire for an additional child. Raising the status of women would decrease the fertility rate. In the rural areas higher income had a positive effect on fertility; in the urban areas it had a negative effect. Policies explicitly directed at actual distribution of income would have a positive effect. The educational level of the family, especially the wife, was related to lower family size. Families with at least one child in school had a lower completed family size. Couples who married later in life did not tend to have smaller families but smaller intervals between births. Rural nuclear families have more children than non-nuclear families or kinship groups, presumably because they need children for labor and old age security. Incentives and disincentives to motivate couples to limit family size should be offered by the Pakistan government.

  15. Why Income Comparison is Rational

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wolpert, David H.

    2010-01-01

    A major factor affecting a person s happiness is the gap between their income and their neighbors , independent of their own income. This effect is strongest when the neighbor has moderately higher income. In addition a person s lifetime happiness often follows a "U" shape. Previous models have explained subsets of these phenomena, typically assuming the person has limited ability to assess their own (hedonic) utility. Here I present a model that explains all the phenomena, without such assumptions. In this model greater income of your neighbor is statistical data that, if carefully analyzed, would recommend that you explore for a new income-generating strategy. This explains unhappiness that your neighbor has greater income, as an emotional "prod" that induces you to explore, in accord with careful statistical analysis. It explains the "U" shape of happiness similarly. Another benefit of this model is that it makes many falsifiable predictions.

  16. Is income breeding an appropriate construct for waterfowl?

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Janke, Adam K.; Anteau, Michael J.; Markl, Nicholas; Stafford, Joshua D.

    2015-01-01

    Breeding birds use a range of nutrient accumulation and allocation strategies to meet the nutritional demands of clutch formation and incubation. On one end of the spectrum, capital breeders use stored nutrients acquired prior to clutch formation and incubation to sustain metabolism during reproduction, while on the opposite end, income breeders derive nutrients solely from exogenous sources on the breeding grounds. Blue-winged Teal (Anas discors) are an ideal candidate to test for adoption of an income strategy among migratory waterfowl because of their small body size, temperate breeding range, and timing of reproduction relative to pulses in nutrient availability within breeding habitats. We collected migrating and pre-breeding Blue-winged Teal (n = 110) during the warmest spring in over a century in the southern edge of the species’ breeding range, which produced ideal conditions to test for adoption of an income breeding strategy among migratory waterfowl. Regression analyses revealed that females accumulated protein and fat reserves early in follicle development and appeared to mobilize at least some reserves coincident with the onset of clutch formation. Accumulation and subsequent mobilization of nutrient reserves was inconsistent with adherence to an income breeding strategy and suggested breeding Blue-winged Teal used capital (albeit locally acquired) for reproduction. Our results add to existing knowledge on the ubiquity of endogenous nutrient reserve accumulation prior to and during reproduction by waterfowl, perhaps suggesting endogenous nutrient reserves are universally used for clutch formation or incubation to some degree. If indeed Blue-winged Teal and other waterfowl universally use capital for breeding, research and conservation efforts should shift from evaluating whether an income breeding strategy is used and focus on when and where necessary capital is acquired prior to clutch formation.

  17. Low Mach Number Simulations of Nuclear Flames Using Spectral Deferred Corrections

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Orvedahl, Ryan; Zingale, Michael; Almgren, Ann; Bell, John; Nonaka, Andrew

    2014-06-01

    Many phenomena in Astrophysics are largely subsonic and require special techniques for long-time integration. MAESTRO is a low Mach number stellar hydrodynamics code that can be used to simulate long-time, low-speed flows that would be extremely time consuming to simulate using traditional compressible codes. MAESTRO filters sound waves while retaining both local and large-scale compressibility which gives increased accuracy and efficiency. In this project we describe the results of applying MAESTRO to thermonuclear flames (thin propagating thermonuclear fusion fronts) as well as the convective layer of a nova. The nova is a carbon-oxygen white dwarf with a hydrogen-helium envelope in tight hydrostatic equilibrium. As the envelope increases in mass, the pressure and temperature increase at the base of the accreted layer. When the pressure and temperature are sufficiently high, nuclear fusion (burning) occurs. To capture this burning, we use the extensive reaction network of the Modules for Experiments in Stellar Astrophysics (MESA) code to model the reactions in the flow. We apply a spectral deferred corrections (SDC) algorithm to couple the reactions to the hydrodynamics. We present the results of applying the SDC temporal integration strategy in low Mach number simulations of thermonuclear flames. The SDC approach provides a better coupling between the various physical processes with greater accuracy and reduced computational cost as compared to a Strang splitting approach. This work was supported in part by a DOE/Office of Nuclear Physics grant No. DE-FG02-06ER41448 to Stony Brook.

  18. Repeat Courses of Stereotactic Radiosurgery (SRS), Deferring Whole-Brain Irradiation, for New Brain Metastases After Initial SRS

    SciTech Connect

    Shultz, David B.; Modlin, Leslie A.; Jayachandran, Priya; Von Eyben, Rie; Gibbs, Iris C.; Choi, Clara Y.H.; Chang, Steven D.; Harsh, Griffith R.; Li, Gordon; Adler, John R.; Hancock, Steven L.; Soltys, Scott G.

    2015-08-01

    Purpose: To report the outcomes of repeat stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS), deferring whole-brain radiation therapy (WBRT), for distant intracranial recurrences and identify factors associated with prolonged overall survival (OS). Patients and Methods: We retrospectively identified 652 metastases in 95 patients treated with 2 or more courses of SRS for brain metastases, deferring WBRT. Cox regression analyzed factors predictive for OS. Results: Patients had a median of 2 metastases (range, 1-14) treated per course, with a median of 2 courses (range, 2-14) of SRS per patient. With a median follow-up after first SRS of 15 months (range, 3-98 months), the median OS from the time of the first and second course of SRS was 18 (95% confidence interval [CI] 15-24) and 11 months (95% CI 6-17), respectively. On multivariate analysis, histology, graded prognostic assessment score, aggregate tumor volume (but not number of metastases), and performance status correlated with OS. The 1-year cumulative incidence, with death as a competing risk, of local failure was 5% (95% CI 4-8%). Eighteen (24%) of 75 deaths were from neurologic causes. Nineteen patients (20%) eventually received WBRT. Adverse radiation events developed in 2% of SRS sites. Conclusion: Multiple courses of SRS, deferring WBRT, for distant brain metastases after initial SRS, seem to be a safe and effective approach. The graded prognostic assessment score, updated at each course, and aggregate tumor volume may help select patients in whom the deferral of WBRT might be most beneficial.

  19. 34 CFR 80.25 - Program income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... total allowable costs to determine the net allowable costs. Program income shall be used for current... income. (a) General. Grantees are encouraged to earn income to defray program costs. Program income... the final financial report. (c) Cost of generating program income. If authorized by...

  20. 45 CFR 1183.25 - Program income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... income shall be used for current costs unless the Federal agency authorizes otherwise. Program income....25 Program income. (a) General. Grantees are encouraged to earn income to defray program costs... award reflected in the final financial report. (c) Cost of generating program income. If authorized...

  1. 49 CFR 18.25 - Program income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... total allowable costs to determine the net allowable costs. Program income shall be used for current... income. (a) General. Grantees are encouraged to earn income to defray program costs. Program income... the final financial report. (c) Cost of generating program income. If authorized by...

  2. 7 CFR 3016.25 - Program income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... costs to determine the net allowable costs. Program income shall be used for current costs unless the... are encouraged to earn income to defray program costs. Program income includes income from fees for...) Cost of generating program income. If authorized by Federal regulations or the grant agreement,...

  3. 36 CFR 1207.25 - Program income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... costs to determine the net allowable costs. Program income shall be used for current costs unless the... are encouraged to earn income to defray program costs. Program income includes income from fees for...) Cost of generating program income. If authorized by Federal regulations or the grant agreement,...

  4. 21 CFR 1403.25 - Program income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... income shall be used for current costs unless the Federal agency authorizes otherwise. Program income....25 Program income. (a) General. Grantees are encouraged to earn income to defray program costs... award reflected in the final financial report. (c) Cost of generating program income. If authorized...

  5. 10 CFR 600.225 - Program income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... income shall be used for current costs unless the Federal agency authorizes otherwise. Program income....225 Program income. (a) General. Grantees are encouraged to earn income to defray program costs... award reflected in the final financial report. (c) Cost of generating program income. If authorized...

  6. 45 CFR 1157.25 - Program income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... current costs unless the Federal agency authorizes otherwise. Program income which the grantee did not... income. (a) General. Grantees are encouraged to earn income to defray program costs. Program income... the final financial report. (c) Cost of generating program income. If authorized by...

  7. 44 CFR 13.25 - Program income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... allowable costs. Program income shall be used for current costs unless the Federal agency authorizes.... Grantees are encouraged to earn income to defray program costs. Program income includes income from fees... financial report. (c) Cost of generating program income. If authorized by Federal regulations or the...

  8. 45 CFR 1174.25 - Program income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... income shall be used for current costs unless the Federal agency authorizes otherwise. Program income....25 Program income. (a) General. Grantees are encouraged to earn income to defray program costs... award reflected in the final financial report. (c) Cost of generating program income. If authorized...

  9. 22 CFR 135.25 - Program income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... total allowable costs to determine the net allowable costs. Program income shall be used for current... income. (a) General. Grantees are encouraged to earn income to defray program costs. Program income... the final financial report. (c) Cost of generating program income. If authorized by...

  10. 24 CFR 85.25 - Program income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... allowable costs. Program income shall be used for current costs unless the Federal agency authorizes.... Grantees are encouraged to earn income to defray program costs. Program income includes income from fees... financial report. (c) Cost of generating program income. If authorized by Federal regulations or the...

  11. 32 CFR 33.25 - Program income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... allowable costs. Program income shall be used for current costs unless the Federal agency authorizes... encouraged to earn income to defray program costs. Program income includes income from fees for services...) Cost of generating program income. If authorized by Federal regulations or the grant agreement,...

  12. 29 CFR 97.25 - Program income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... allowable costs. Program income shall be used for current costs unless the Federal agency authorizes.... Grantees are encouraged to earn income to defray program costs. Program income includes income from fees... financial report. (c) Cost of generating program income. If authorized by Federal regulations or the...

  13. 20 CFR 437.25 - Program income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Program income. 437.25 Section 437.25....25 Program income. (a) General. Grantees are encouraged to earn income to defray program costs. Program income includes income from fees for services performed, from the use or rental of real...

  14. 13 CFR 143.25 - Program income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Program income. 143.25 Section 143... Administration § 143.25 Program income. (a) General. Grantees are encouraged to earn income to defray program costs. Program income includes income from fees for services performed, from the use or rental of...

  15. 44 CFR 13.25 - Program income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Program income. 13.25 Section... LOCAL GOVERNMENTS Post-Award Requirements Financial Administration § 13.25 Program income. (a) General. Grantees are encouraged to earn income to defray program costs. Program income includes income from...

  16. 45 CFR 602.25 - Program income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Program income. 602.25 Section 602.25 Public... Requirements § 602.25 Program income. (a) General. Grantees are encouraged to earn income to defray program costs. Program income includes income from fees for services performed, from the use or rental of...

  17. 24 CFR 85.25 - Program income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Program income. 85.25 Section 85.25... TRIBAL GOVERNMENTS Post-Award Requirements Financial Administration § 85.25 Program income. (a) General. Grantees are encouraged to earn income to defray program costs. Program income includes income from...

  18. 40 CFR 31.25 - Program income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Program income. 31.25 Section 31.25... Requirements Financial Administration § 31.25 Program income. (a) General. Grantees are encouraged to earn income to defray program costs. Program income includes income from fees for services performed, from...

  19. 32 CFR 33.25 - Program income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Program income. 33.25 Section 33.25 National... Post-Award Requirements Financial Administration § 33.25 Program income. (a) General. Grantees are encouraged to earn income to defray program costs. Program income includes income from fees for...

  20. 42 CFR 435.831 - Income eligibility.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Income eligibility. 435.831 Section 435.831 Public... Needy Medically Needy Income Eligibility § 435.831 Income eligibility. The agency must determine income... must use budget periods of not more than 6 months to compute income. The agency may use more than...

  1. 42 CFR 435.831 - Income eligibility.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Income eligibility. 435.831 Section 435.831 Public... Needy Medically Needy Income Eligibility § 435.831 Income eligibility. The agency must determine income... must use budget periods of not more than 6 months to compute income. The agency may use more than...

  2. 24 CFR 1003.503 - Program income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Program income. 1003.503 Section....503 Program income. (a) Program income requirements for ICDBG grantees are set forth in 24 CFR 85.25, as modified by this section. (b) Program income means gross income received by the grantee or...

  3. 20 CFR 627.450 - Program income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Program income. 627.450 Section 627.450... PROGRAMS UNDER TITLES I, II, AND III OF THE ACT Administrative Standards § 627.450 Program income. (a) Definition of program income. (1) Program income means income received by the recipient or subrecipient...

  4. 29 CFR 97.25 - Program income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Program income. 97.25 Section 97.25 Labor Office of the... LOCAL GOVERNMENTS Post-Award Requirements Financial Administration § 97.25 Program income. (a) General. Grantees are encouraged to earn income to defray program costs. Program income includes income from...

  5. 21 CFR 1403.25 - Program income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 9 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Program income. 1403.25 Section 1403.25 Food and....25 Program income. (a) General. Grantees are encouraged to earn income to defray program costs. Program income includes income from fees for services performed, from the use of rental of real...

  6. 15 CFR 24.25 - Program income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Program income. 24.25 Section 24.25... Administration § 24.25 Program income. (a) General. Grantees are encouraged to earn income to defray program costs. Program income includes income from fees for services performed, from the use or rental of...

  7. 38 CFR 43.25 - Program income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Program income. 43.25... Requirements Financial Administration § 43.25 Program income. (a) General. Grantees are encouraged to earn income to defray program costs. Program income includes income from fees for services performed, from...

  8. 20 CFR 404.1086 - Community income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Community income. 404.1086 Section 404.1086...- ) Employment, Wages, Self-Employment, and Self-Employment Income Self-Employment Income § 404.1086 Community income. If community property laws apply to income that an individual derives from a trade or...

  9. 20 CFR 404.1086 - Community income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Community income. 404.1086 Section 404.1086...- ) Employment, Wages, Self-Employment, and Self-Employment Income Self-Employment Income § 404.1086 Community income. If community property laws apply to income that an individual derives from a trade or...

  10. 45 CFR 1174.25 - Program income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Program income. 1174.25 Section 1174.25 Public....25 Program income. (a) General. Grantees are encouraged to earn income to defray program costs. Program income includes income from fees for services performed, from the use or rental of real...

  11. 7 CFR 3016.25 - Program income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Program income. 3016.25 Section 3016.25 Agriculture... GOVERNMENTS Post-Award Requirements Financial Administration § 3016.25 Program income. (a) General. Grantees are encouraged to earn income to defray program costs. Program income includes income from fees...

  12. 45 CFR 1157.25 - Program income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Program income. 1157.25 Section 1157.25 Public... income. (a) General. Grantees are encouraged to earn income to defray program costs. Program income includes income from fees for services performed, from the use or rental of real or personal...

  13. 36 CFR 1207.25 - Program income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Program income. 1207.25... GOVERNMENTS Post-Award Requirements Financial Administration § 1207.25 Program income. (a) General. Grantees are encouraged to earn income to defray program costs. Program income includes income from fees...

  14. 43 CFR 12.65 - Program income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Program income. 12.65 Section 12.65 Public... to State and Local Governments Post-Award Requirements § 12.65 Program income. (a) General. Grantees are encouraged to earn income to defray program costs. Program income includes income from fees...

  15. 24 CFR 1003.503 - Program income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Program income. 1003.503 Section....503 Program income. (a) Program income requirements for ICDBG grantees are set forth in 24 CFR 85.25, as modified by this section. (b) Program income means gross income received by the grantee or...

  16. 28 CFR 66.25 - Program income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Program income. 66.25 Section 66.25... Administration § 66.25 Program income. (a) General. Grantees are encouraged to earn income to defray program costs. Program income includes income from fees for services performed, from the use or rental of...

  17. 49 CFR 18.25 - Program income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Program income. 18.25 Section 18.25 Transportation... income. (a) General. Grantees are encouraged to earn income to defray program costs. Program income includes income from fees for services performed, from the use or rental of real or personal...

  18. 24 CFR 5.609 - Annual income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Annual income. 5.609 Section 5.609... Persons with Disabilities: Family Income and Family Payment; Occupancy Requirements for Section 8 Project-Based Assistance Family Income § 5.609 Annual income. (a) Annual income means all amounts, monetary...

  19. 45 CFR 92.25 - Program income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Program income. 92.25 Section 92.25 Public Welfare... Administration § 92.25 Program income. (a) General. Grantees are encouraged to earn income to defray program costs. Program income includes income from fees for services performed, from the use or rental of...

  20. 29 CFR 1470.25 - Program income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 4 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Program income. 1470.25 Section 1470.25 Labor Regulations... Financial Administration § 1470.25 Program income. (a) General. Grantees are encouraged to earn income to defray program costs. Program income includes income from fees for services performed, from the use...

  1. 22 CFR 135.25 - Program income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Program income. 135.25 Section 135.25 Foreign... income. (a) General. Grantees are encouraged to earn income to defray program costs. Program income includes income from fees for services performed, from the use or rental of real or personal...

  2. 45 CFR 2541.250 - Program income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Program income. 2541.250 Section 2541.250 Public... Post-Award Requirements § 2541.250 Program income. (a) General. Grantees are encouraged to earn income to defray program costs. Program income includes income from fees for services performed, from...

  3. 24 CFR 5.609 - Annual income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Annual income. 5.609 Section 5.609... Persons with Disabilities: Family Income and Family Payment; Occupancy Requirements for Section 8 Project-Based Assistance Family Income § 5.609 Annual income. (a) Annual income means all amounts, monetary...

  4. 34 CFR 80.25 - Program income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 34 Education 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Program income. 80.25 Section 80.25 Education Office of... income. (a) General. Grantees are encouraged to earn income to defray program costs. Program income includes income from fees for services performed, from the use or rental of real or personal...

  5. 45 CFR 1183.25 - Program income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Program income. 1183.25 Section 1183.25 Public....25 Program income. (a) General. Grantees are encouraged to earn income to defray program costs. Program income includes income from fees for services performed, from the use or rental of real...

  6. 14 CFR 1273.25 - Program income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2011-01-01 2010-01-01 true Program income. 1273.25 Section 1273.25... Administration § 1273.25 Program income. (a) General. Grantees are encouraged to earn income to defray program costs. Program income includes income from fees for services performed, from the use or rental of...

  7. Income Smoothing: Methodology and Models.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1986-05-01

    that managers desire a pattern % of income that has low variability relative to a linear time trend. 2. Industry Trend. Target 2 assumes that firms...R167 55? INCOME SMOOTHING: METHODOLOGY ND NODELS(U) UMVL in1POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA 0 D HOSES "AY S6 UNCLASSIFIED NP5-604FO53 E * I* vu...California oCiD ELEC fl MAY 12 986 INCOME SMOOTHING - METHODOLOGY AND MODELS by 0. Douglas Moses May 1986 *Approved frpublic release; ditibto uniie

  8. Income Inequality and Intergenerational Income Mobility in the United States.

    PubMed

    Bloome, Deirdre

    2015-03-01

    Is there a relationship between family income inequality and income mobility across generations in the United States? As family income inequality rose in the United States, parental resources available for improving children's health, education, and care diverged. The amount and rate of divergence also varied across US states. Researchers and policy analysts have expressed concern that relatively high inequality might be accompanied by relatively low mobility, tightening the connection between individuals' incomes during childhood and adulthood. Using data from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics, the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, and various government sources, this paper exploits state and cohort variation to estimate the relationship between inequality and mobility. Results provide very little support for the hypothesis that inequality shapes mobility in the United States. The inequality children experienced during youth had no robust association with their economic mobility as adults. Formal analysis reveals that offsetting effects could underlie this result. In theory, mobility-enhancing forces may counterbalance mobility-reducing effects. In practice, the results suggest that in the US context, the intergenerational transmission of income may not be very responsive to changes in inequality.

  9. Income Inequality and Intergenerational Income Mobility in the United States

    PubMed Central

    Bloome, Deirdre

    2015-01-01

    Is there a relationship between family income inequality and income mobility across generations in the United States? As family income inequality rose in the United States, parental resources available for improving children’s health, education, and care diverged. The amount and rate of divergence also varied across US states. Researchers and policy analysts have expressed concern that relatively high inequality might be accompanied by relatively low mobility, tightening the connection between individuals’ incomes during childhood and adulthood. Using data from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics, the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, and various government sources, this paper exploits state and cohort variation to estimate the relationship between inequality and mobility. Results provide very little support for the hypothesis that inequality shapes mobility in the United States. The inequality children experienced during youth had no robust association with their economic mobility as adults. Formal analysis reveals that offsetting effects could underlie this result. In theory, mobility-enhancing forces may counterbalance mobility-reducing effects. In practice, the results suggest that in the US context, the intergenerational transmission of income may not be very responsive to changes in inequality. PMID:26388653

  10. The evolution of prestige: freely conferred deference as a mechanism for enhancing the benefits of cultural transmission.

    PubMed

    Henrich, J; Gil-White, F J.

    2001-05-01

    This paper advances an "information goods" theory that explains prestige processes as an emergent product of psychological adaptations that evolved to improve the quality of information acquired via cultural transmission. Natural selection favored social learners who could evaluate potential models and copy the most successful among them. In order to improve the fidelity and comprehensiveness of such ranked-biased copying, social learners further evolved dispositions to sycophantically ingratiate themselves with their chosen models, so as to gain close proximity to, and prolonged interaction with, these models. Once common, these dispositions created, at the group level, distributions of deference that new entrants may adaptively exploit to decide who to begin copying. This generated a preference for models who seem generally "popular." Building on social exchange theories, we argue that a wider range of phenomena associated with prestige processes can more plausibly be explained by this simple theory than by others, and we test its predictions with data from throughout the social sciences. In addition, we distinguish carefully between dominance (force or force threat) and prestige (freely conferred deference).

  11. 17 CFR 210.12-28 - Real estate and accumulated depreciation. 1

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Real estate and accumulated... § 210.12-28 Real estate and accumulated depreciation. 1 Column A—Description 2 Column B—Encumbrances... which real estate was carried at the beginning of each period for which income statements are...

  12. Mobilizing a low-income African-American community around tobacco control: a force field analysis.

    PubMed

    Ellis, G A; Reed, D F; Scheider, H

    1995-11-01

    A statewide tobacco control campaign in California has been highly successful in reducing public exposure to the health hazards of secondhand smoke. Over 250 cities and counties in California have enacted local ordinances to regulate smoking in public places and workplaces. Although low-income people of color are disproportionately affected by the use of tobacco, the issue of regulating secondhand smoke tends to be a lower priority in communities that are confronted by other, more immediately pressing social justice issues, such as high rates of violence and lack of economic opportunity. This article describes the process undertaken by a county health department to mobilize a low-income African American community in a San Francisco Bay Area city to support a local ordinance mandating 100% smoke-free workplaces and restaurants. These efforts are more likely to succeed if health advocates (1) reframe issues in a context that acknowledges the political, economic, and social justice realities and strengths of the community; (2) organize within existing local networks and foster the integration of tobacco issues into the group's existing work; and (3) can defer their own agendas during times of community grieving and healing.

  13. 17 CFR 270.6c-10 - Exemption for certain open-end management investment companies to impose deferred sales loads.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... management investment companies to impose deferred sales loads. 270.6c-10 Section 270.6c-10 Commodity and... ACT OF 1940 § 270.6c-10 Exemption for certain open-end management investment companies to impose... registered open-end management investment company, other than a registered separate account, and includes...

  14. 17 CFR 270.6c-10 - Exemption for certain open-end management investment companies to impose deferred sales loads.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... management investment companies to impose deferred sales loads. 270.6c-10 Section 270.6c-10 Commodity and... ACT OF 1940 § 270.6c-10 Exemption for certain open-end management investment companies to impose... registered open-end management investment company, other than a registered separate account, and includes...

  15. 5 CFR 842.707 - Partial deferred payment of the lump-sum credit if annuity commences after January 3, 1988, and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... EMPLOYEES RETIREMENT SYSTEM-BASIC ANNUITY Alternative Forms of Annuities § 842.707 Partial deferred payment... failure. (D) Respiratory failure. (E) Cor pulmonale with respiratory failure. (F) Emphysema with respiratory failure. (G) (H) Severe cardiomyopathy—Class IV. (I) Aplastic anemia. (J)...

  16. 32 CFR 1630.13 - Class 1-D-D: Deferment for certain members of a reserve component or student taking military...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... reserve component or student taking military training. 1630.13 Section 1630.13 National Defense Other...: Deferment for certain members of a reserve component or student taking military training. In Class 1-D-D... (entire college level) Army Reserve Officer's Training Corps, or the Air Force Reserve Officer's...

  17. 43 CFR 3836.22 - How do I qualify for a deferment of assessment work on my mining claims that are on National Park...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 2 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false How do I qualify for a deferment of assessment work on my mining claims that are on National Park System (NPS) lands? 3836.22 Section 3836.22... that are on National Park System (NPS) lands? Correspondence from NPS merely denying your Plan...

  18. Deferred imitation in 18-month-olds from two cultural contexts: the case of Cameroonian Nso farmer and German-middle class infants.

    PubMed

    Borchert, Sonja; Lamm, Bettina; Graf, Frauke; Knopf, Monika

    2013-12-01

    Imitative learning has been described in naturalistic studies for different cultures, but lab-based research studying imitative learning across different cultural contexts is almost missing. Therefore, imitative learning was assessed with 18-month-old German middle-class and Cameroonian Nso farmer infants - representing two highly different eco-cultural contexts associated with different cultural models, the psychological autonomy and the hierarchical relatedness - by using the deferred imitation paradigm. Study 1 revealed that the infants from both cultural contexts performed a higher number of target actions in the deferred imitation than in the baseline phase. Moreover, it was found that German middle-class infants showed a higher mean imitation rate as they performed more target actions in the deferred imitation phase compared with Cameroonian Nso farmer infants. It was speculated that the opportunity to manipulate the test objects directly after the demonstration of the target actions could enhance the mean deferred imitation rate of the Cameroonian Nso farmer infants which was confirmed in Study 2. Possible explanations for the differences in the amount of imitated target actions of German middle-class and Cameroonian Nso farmer infants are discussed considering the object-related, dyadic setting of the imitation paradigm with respect to the different learning contexts underlying the different cultural models of learning.

  19. 43 CFR 3836.22 - How do I qualify for a deferment of assessment work on my mining claims that are on National Park...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 2 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false How do I qualify for a deferment of assessment work on my mining claims that are on National Park System (NPS) lands? 3836.22 Section 3836.22... that are on National Park System (NPS) lands? Correspondence from NPS merely denying your Plan...

  20. 43 CFR 3836.22 - How do I qualify for a deferment of assessment work on my mining claims that are on National Park...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 2 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false How do I qualify for a deferment of assessment work on my mining claims that are on National Park System (NPS) lands? 3836.22 Section 3836.22... that are on National Park System (NPS) lands? Correspondence from NPS merely denying your Plan...

  1. 43 CFR 3836.22 - How do I qualify for a deferment of assessment work on my mining claims that are on National Park...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 2 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false How do I qualify for a deferment of assessment work on my mining claims that are on National Park System (NPS) lands? 3836.22 Section 3836.22... that are on National Park System (NPS) lands? Correspondence from NPS merely denying your Plan...

  2. 38 CFR 43.25 - Program income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... allowable costs. Program income shall be used for current costs unless the Federal agency authorizes... income to defray program costs. Program income includes income from fees for services performed, from the... award and the ending date of the award reflected in the final financial report. (c) Cost of...

  3. 20 CFR 437.25 - Program income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... the net allowable costs. Program income must be used for current costs unless SSA authorizes otherwise....25 Program income. (a) General. Grantees are encouraged to earn income to defray program costs... the final financial report. (c) Cost of generating program income. If authorized by SSA regulations...

  4. 43 CFR 12.65 - Program income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... allowable costs. Program income shall be used for current costs unless the Federal agency authorizes... Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior ADMINISTRATIVE AND AUDIT REQUIREMENTS AND COST... are encouraged to earn income to defray program costs. Program income includes income from fees...

  5. 40 CFR 31.25 - Program income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... allowable costs. Program income shall be used for current costs unless the Federal agency authorizes... income to defray program costs. Program income includes income from fees for services performed, from the... award and the ending date of the award reflected in the final financial report. (c) Cost of...

  6. 78 FR 72393 - Net Investment Income Tax

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-02

    ...This document contains final regulations under section 1411 of the Internal Revenue Code (Code). These regulations provide guidance on the general application of the Net Investment Income Tax and the computation of Net Investment Income. The regulations affect individuals, estates, and trusts whose incomes meet certain income...

  7. 20 CFR 322.8 - Miscellaneous income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Miscellaneous income. 322.8 Section 322.8 Employees' Benefits RAILROAD RETIREMENT BOARD REGULATIONS UNDER THE RAILROAD UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE ACT REMUNERATION § 322.8 Miscellaneous income. (a) Income from self-employment. In determining whether income...

  8. 20 CFR 322.8 - Miscellaneous income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Miscellaneous income. 322.8 Section 322.8 Employees' Benefits RAILROAD RETIREMENT BOARD REGULATIONS UNDER THE RAILROAD UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE ACT REMUNERATION § 322.8 Miscellaneous income. (a) Income from self-employment. In determining whether income...

  9. 20 CFR 322.8 - Miscellaneous income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Miscellaneous income. 322.8 Section 322.8 Employees' Benefits RAILROAD RETIREMENT BOARD REGULATIONS UNDER THE RAILROAD UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE ACT REMUNERATION § 322.8 Miscellaneous income. (a) Income from self-employment. In determining whether income...

  10. 20 CFR 322.8 - Miscellaneous income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2014-04-01 2012-04-01 true Miscellaneous income. 322.8 Section 322.8 Employees' Benefits RAILROAD RETIREMENT BOARD REGULATIONS UNDER THE RAILROAD UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE ACT REMUNERATION § 322.8 Miscellaneous income. (a) Income from self-employment. In determining whether income...

  11. 20 CFR 322.8 - Miscellaneous income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2013-04-01 2012-04-01 true Miscellaneous income. 322.8 Section 322.8 Employees' Benefits RAILROAD RETIREMENT BOARD REGULATIONS UNDER THE RAILROAD UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE ACT REMUNERATION § 322.8 Miscellaneous income. (a) Income from self-employment. In determining whether income...

  12. 10 CFR 600.314 - Program income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Program income. 600.314 Section 600.314 Energy DEPARTMENT... Program income. (a) DOE must apply the standards in this section to the disposition of program income from... program income earned: (1) From license fees and royalties for copyrighted material, patents,...

  13. 13 CFR 130.480 - Program income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Program income. 130.480 Section... CENTERS § 130.480 Program income. (a) Program income for recipient organizations or SBDC service providers... A-110). Program income for recipient organizations or SBDC service providers based in State or...

  14. 10 CFR 603.1305 - Program income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Program income. 603.1305 Section 603.1305 Energy... Used in this Part § 603.1305 Program income. Gross income earned by the recipient or a participant that is generated by a supported activity or earned as a direct result of a TIA. Program income...

  15. 42 CFR 436.831 - Income eligibility.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Income eligibility. 436.831 Section 436.831 Public... Requirements for the Medically Needy Medically Needy Income Eligibility and Liability for Payment of Medical Expenses § 436.831 Income eligibility. The agency must determine income eligibility of medically...

  16. 17 CFR 256.409 - Income taxes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Income taxes. 256.409 Section... COMPANY ACT OF 1935 Income and Expense Accounts § 256.409 Income taxes. (a) This account shall include the amount of local, State and Federal taxes on income properly accruable during the period covered by...

  17. 13 CFR 130.480 - Program income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Program income. 130.480 Section... CENTERS § 130.480 Program income. (a) Program income for recipient organizations or SBDC service providers... A-110). Program income for recipient organizations or SBDC service providers based in State or...

  18. 23 CFR 1200.24 - Program income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Program income. 1200.24 Section 1200.24 Highways... Implementation and Management of the Highway Safety Program § 1200.24 Program income. (a) Inclusions. Program income includes income from fees for services performed, from the use or rental of real or...

  19. 34 CFR 361.63 - Program income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Program income. 361.63 Section 361.63 Education... State Vocational Rehabilitation Programs § 361.63 Program income. (a) Definition. For purposes of this section, program income means gross income received by the State that is directly generated by an...

  20. 10 CFR 603.1305 - Program income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Program income. 603.1305 Section 603.1305 Energy... Used in this Part § 603.1305 Program income. Gross income earned by the recipient or a participant that is generated by a supported activity or earned as a direct result of a TIA. Program income...

  1. 24 CFR 236.60 - Excess Income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Excess Income. 236.60 Section 236... § 236.60 Excess Income. (a) Definition. Excess Income consists of cash collected as rent from the... Rent. The unit-by-unit requirement necessitates that, if a unit has Excess Income, the Excess...

  2. 23 CFR 1200.24 - Program income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Program income. 1200.24 Section 1200.24 Highways... Implementation and Management of the Highway Safety Program § 1200.24 Program income. (a) Inclusions. Program income includes income from fees for services performed, from the use or rental of real or...

  3. 17 CFR 256.409 - Income taxes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Income taxes. 256.409 Section... COMPANY ACT OF 1935 Income and Expense Accounts § 256.409 Income taxes. (a) This account shall include the amount of local, State and Federal taxes on income properly accruable during the period covered by...

  4. 7 CFR 1767.21 - Operating income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 12 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Operating income. 1767.21 Section 1767.21 Agriculture... income. The operating income accounts identified in this section shall be used by all RUS borrowers. Utility Operating Income 400Operating Revenues 401Operation Expense 402Maintenance Expense...

  5. 10 CFR 600.314 - Program income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Program income. 600.314 Section 600.314 Energy DEPARTMENT... Program income. (a) DOE must apply the standards in this section to the disposition of program income from... program income earned: (1) From license fees and royalties for copyrighted material, patents,...

  6. 42 CFR 436.831 - Income eligibility.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Income eligibility. 436.831 Section 436.831 Public... Requirements for the Medically Needy Medically Needy Income Eligibility and Liability for Payment of Medical Expenses § 436.831 Income eligibility. The agency must determine income eligibility of medically...

  7. 45 CFR 96.85 - Income eligibility.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Income eligibility. 96.85 Section 96.85 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION BLOCK GRANTS Low-income Home Energy Assistance Program § 96.85 Income eligibility. (a) Application of poverty income guidelines and State...

  8. 34 CFR 361.63 - Program income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 34 Education 2 2011-07-01 2010-07-01 true Program income. 361.63 Section 361.63 Education... State Vocational Rehabilitation Programs § 361.63 Program income. (a) Definition. For purposes of this section, program income means gross income received by the State that is directly generated by an...

  9. 45 CFR 96.85 - Income eligibility.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Assistance Program § 96.85 Income eligibility. (a) Application of poverty income guidelines and State median...-35 (42 U.S.C. 8624(b)(2)), grantees using the Federal government's official poverty income guidelines... with the most recently published revision to the poverty income guidelines or State median...

  10. Personal Income Taxation. National Education Association Search.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Education Association, Washington, DC. Research Div.

    The second in a series on school finance, this report describes the principles of fair and adequate state and local income taxation. The political setting is discussed, and the nature of indiviudal income taxes is explained by examining which states tax income and what income they tax. Tables 2, 3, and 4 demonstrate the expanding school financing…

  11. 45 CFR 96.85 - Income eligibility.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Income eligibility. 96.85 Section 96.85 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION BLOCK GRANTS Low-income Home Energy Assistance Program § 96.85 Income eligibility. (a) Application of poverty income guidelines and State...

  12. 45 CFR 96.85 - Income eligibility.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Income eligibility. 96.85 Section 96.85 Public Welfare Department of Health and Human Services GENERAL ADMINISTRATION BLOCK GRANTS Low-income Home Energy Assistance Program § 96.85 Income eligibility. (a) Application of poverty income guidelines and State...

  13. 45 CFR 96.85 - Income eligibility.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Income eligibility. 96.85 Section 96.85 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION BLOCK GRANTS Low-income Home Energy Assistance Program § 96.85 Income eligibility. (a) Application of poverty income guidelines and State...

  14. 14 CFR 1273.25 - Program income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... GRANTS AND COOPERATIVE AGREEMENTS TO STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS Post-Award Requirements Financial...) Definition of program income. Program income means gross income received by the grantee or subgrantee.... Program income shall be deducted from outlays which may be both Federal and non-Federal as described...

  15. 45 CFR 2541.250 - Program income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... UNIFORM ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS FOR GRANTS AND COOPERATIVE AGREEMENTS TO STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS... them. (b) Definition of program income. Program income means gross income received by the grantee or.... Program income shall be deducted from outlays which may be both Federal and non-Federal as described...

  16. 29 CFR 1470.25 - Program income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... REQUIREMENTS FOR GRANTS AND COOPERATIVE AGREEMENTS TO STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS Post-Award Requirements... them. (b) Definition of program income. Program income means gross income received by the grantee or.... Program income shall be deducted from outlays which may be both Federal and non-Federal as described...

  17. Randomized Trial Evaluating Ranibizumab Plus Prompt or Deferred Laser or Triamcinolone Plus Prompt Laser for Diabetic Macular Edema

    PubMed Central

    Elman, Michael J.; Aiello, Lloyd Paul; Beck, Roy W.; Bressler, Neil M.; Bressler, Susan B.; Edwards, Allison R.; Ferris, Frederick L.; Friedman, Scott M.; Glassman, Adam R.; Miller, Kellee M.; Scott, Ingrid U.; Stockdale, Cynthia R.; Sun, Jennifer K.

    2010-01-01

    Objective Evaluate intravitreal 0.5 mg ranibizumab or 4 mg triamcinolone combined with focal/grid laser compared with focal/grid laser alone for treatment of diabetic macular edema (DME). Design Multicenter, randomized clinical trial. Participants A total of 854 study eyes of 691 participants with visual acuity (approximate Snellen equivalent) of 20/32 to 20/320 and DME involving the fovea. Methods Eyes were randomized to sham injection + prompt laser (n=293), 0.5 mg ranibizumab + prompt laser (n=187), 0.5 mg ranibizumab + deferred (≥24 weeks) laser (n=188), or 4 mg triamcinolone + prompt laser (n=186). Retreatment followed an algorithm facilitated by a web-based, real-time data-entry system. Main Outcome Measures Best-corrected visual acuity and safety at 1 year. Results The 1-year mean change (±standard deviation) in the visual acuity letter score from baseline was significantly greater in the ranibizumab + prompt laser group (+9±11, P<0.001) and ranibizumab + deferred laser group (+9±12, P<0.001) but not in the triamcinolone + prompt laser group (+4±13, P=0.31) compared with the sham + prompt laser group (+3±13). Reduction in mean central subfield thickness in the triamcinolone + prompt laser group was similar to both ranibizumab groups and greater than in the sham + prompt laser group. In the subset of pseudophakic eyes at baseline (n=273), visual acuity improvement in the triamcinolone + prompt laser group appeared comparable to that in the ranibizumab groups. No systemic events attributable to study treatment were apparent. Three eyes (0.8%) had injection-related endophthalmitis in the ranibizumab groups, whereas elevated intraocular pressure and cataract surgery were more frequent in the triamcinolone + prompt laser group. Two-year visual acuity outcomes were similar to 1-year outcomes. Conclusions Intravitreal ranibizumab with prompt or deferred laser is more effective through at least 1 year compared with prompt laser alone for the treatment of DME

  18. Higher income and uninsured: common or rare?

    PubMed

    Kuttner, Hanns; Rutledge, Matthew S

    2007-01-01

    Massachusetts plans to penalize those who do not have health insurance, targeting higher-income people. Are higher-income Americans a small or substantial share of the uninsured? The U.S. Census Bureau reports that one in three Americans without health insurance lived in a household with income greater than $50,000 in 2005. Many of these higher-income uninsured people do not fit the profile of free-riders who have the money but are unwilling to buy coverage. A majority have lower incomes but live with others; only together are they higher income. For others, higher income or lack of insurance is transient.

  19. Childhood disablement and family incomes.

    PubMed Central

    Baldwin, S; Godfrey, C; Staden, F

    1983-01-01

    Data on the incomes of families with a severely disabled child were obtained by replicating the Family Expenditure Survey. These data were compared with income data from a control group of families with children, drawn from the FES for the same period. The participation rates, hours, and earnings of the women with a disabled child were all found to be substantially lower than those of women in the control group, differences between the samples increasing with the age of the youngest child. The earnings of men with a disabled child were also lower than those of men in the control group, though differences were more pronounced among non-manual workers. Loss of parental earnings was not made good by social security benefits paid on account of disablement. In general the incomes of the families with a disabled child were lower than those of the control families, the magnitude of the differences increasing with family income and the age of the youngest child. Nevertheless, one group of families with a disabled child--manual workers whose youngest child was under 5--had slightly higher incomes than similar families in the control group. PMID:6225819

  20. 76 FR 36976 - Sample Income Data To Meet the Low-Income Definition

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-24

    ... ADMINISTRATION 12 CFR Part 701 RIN 3133-AD76 Sample Income Data To Meet the Low-Income Definition AGENCY... responses and adequacy of response rate. Income Definition and Timing: If relying on income data from a survey, the survey needs to be clear regarding its definition of income to ensure accurate responses...

  1. Who Moves to Mixed-Income Neighborhoods?*

    PubMed Central

    McKinnish, Terra; White, T. Kirk

    2011-01-01

    This paper uses confidential Census data, specifically the 1990 and 2000 Census Long Form data, to study the income dispersion of recent cohorts of migrants to mixed-income neighborhoods. We investigate whether neighborhoods with high levels of income dispersion attract economically diverse in-migrants. If recent in-migrants to mixed-income neighborhoods exhibit high levels of income dispersion, this is consistent with stable mixed-income neighborhoods. If, however, mixed-income neighborhoods are comprised of homogenous low-income (high-income) cohorts of long-term residents combined with homogenous high-income (low-income) cohorts of recent arrivals, this is consistent with neighborhood transition. Our results indicate that neighborhoods with high levels of income dispersion do in fact attract a much more heterogeneous set of in-migrants, particularly from the tails of the income distribution. Our results also suggest that the residents of mixed-income neighborhoods may be less heterogeneous with respect to lifetime income. PMID:21479114

  2. Chimpanzee accumulative stone throwing.

    PubMed

    Kühl, Hjalmar S; Kalan, Ammie K; Arandjelovic, Mimi; Aubert, Floris; D'Auvergne, Lucy; Goedmakers, Annemarie; Jones, Sorrel; Kehoe, Laura; Regnaut, Sebastien; Tickle, Alexander; Ton, Els; van Schijndel, Joost; Abwe, Ekwoge E; Angedakin, Samuel; Agbor, Anthony; Ayimisin, Emmanuel Ayuk; Bailey, Emma; Bessone, Mattia; Bonnet, Matthieu; Brazolla, Gregory; Buh, Valentine Ebua; Chancellor, Rebecca; Cipoletta, Chloe; Cohen, Heather; Corogenes, Katherine; Coupland, Charlotte; Curran, Bryan; Deschner, Tobias; Dierks, Karsten; Dieguez, Paula; Dilambaka, Emmanuel; Diotoh, Orume; Dowd, Dervla; Dunn, Andrew; Eshuis, Henk; Fernandez, Rumen; Ginath, Yisa; Hart, John; Hedwig, Daniela; Ter Heegde, Martijn; Hicks, Thurston Cleveland; Imong, Inaoyom; Jeffery, Kathryn J; Junker, Jessica; Kadam, Parag; Kambi, Mohamed; Kienast, Ivonne; Kujirakwinja, Deo; Langergraber, Kevin; Lapeyre, Vincent; Lapuente, Juan; Lee, Kevin; Leinert, Vera; Meier, Amelia; Maretti, Giovanna; Marrocoli, Sergio; Mbi, Tanyi Julius; Mihindou, Vianet; Moebius, Yasmin; Morgan, David; Morgan, Bethan; Mulindahabi, Felix; Murai, Mizuki; Niyigabae, Protais; Normand, Emma; Ntare, Nicolas; Ormsby, Lucy Jayne; Piel, Alex; Pruetz, Jill; Rundus, Aaron; Sanz, Crickette; Sommer, Volker; Stewart, Fiona; Tagg, Nikki; Vanleeuwe, Hilde; Vergnes, Virginie; Willie, Jacob; Wittig, Roman M; Zuberbuehler, Klaus; Boesch, Christophe

    2016-02-29

    The study of the archaeological remains of fossil hominins must rely on reconstructions to elucidate the behaviour that may have resulted in particular stone tools and their accumulation. Comparatively, stone tool use among living primates has illuminated behaviours that are also amenable to archaeological examination, permitting direct observations of the behaviour leading to artefacts and their assemblages to be incorporated. Here, we describe newly discovered stone tool-use behaviour and stone accumulation sites in wild chimpanzees reminiscent of human cairns. In addition to data from 17 mid- to long-term chimpanzee research sites, we sampled a further 34 Pan troglodytes communities. We found four populations in West Africa where chimpanzees habitually bang and throw rocks against trees, or toss them into tree cavities, resulting in conspicuous stone accumulations at these sites. This represents the first record of repeated observations of individual chimpanzees exhibiting stone tool use for a purpose other than extractive foraging at what appear to be targeted trees. The ritualized behavioural display and collection of artefacts at particular locations observed in chimpanzee accumulative stone throwing may have implications for the inferences that can be drawn from archaeological stone assemblages and the origins of ritual sites.

  3. Accumulation of the planets

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wetherill, G. W.

    1987-01-01

    In modeling the accumulation of planetesimals into planets, it is appropriate to distinguish between two stages: an early stage, during which approximately 10 km diameter planetesimals accumulate locally to form bodies approximate 10 to the 25th g in mass; and a later stage in which the approximately 10 to the 25th g planetesimals accumulate into the final planets. In the terrestrial planet region, an initial planetesimal swarm corresponding to the critical mass of dust layer gravitational instabilities is considered. In order to better understand the accumulation history of Mercury-sized bodies, 19 Monte-Carlo simulations of terrestrial planet growth were calculated. A Monte Carlo technique was used to investigate the orbital evolution of asteroidal collision debris produced interior to 2.6 AU. It was found that there are two regions primarily responsible for production of Earth-crossing meteoritic material and Apollo objects. The same techniques were extended to include the origin of Earth-approaching asteroidal bodies. It is found that these same two resonant mechanisms predict a steady-state number of Apollo-Amor about 1/2 that estimated based on astronomical observations.

  4. Chimpanzee accumulative stone throwing

    PubMed Central

    Kühl, Hjalmar S.; Kalan, Ammie K.; Arandjelovic, Mimi; Aubert, Floris; D’Auvergne, Lucy; Goedmakers, Annemarie; Jones, Sorrel; Kehoe, Laura; Regnaut, Sebastien; Tickle, Alexander; Ton, Els; van Schijndel, Joost; Abwe, Ekwoge E.; Angedakin, Samuel; Agbor, Anthony; Ayimisin, Emmanuel Ayuk; Bailey, Emma; Bessone, Mattia; Bonnet, Matthieu; Brazolla, Gregory; Buh, Valentine Ebua; Chancellor, Rebecca; Cipoletta, Chloe; Cohen, Heather; Corogenes, Katherine; Coupland, Charlotte; Curran, Bryan; Deschner, Tobias; Dierks, Karsten; Dieguez, Paula; Dilambaka, Emmanuel; Diotoh, Orume; Dowd, Dervla; Dunn, Andrew; Eshuis, Henk; Fernandez, Rumen; Ginath, Yisa; Hart, John; Hedwig, Daniela; Ter Heegde, Martijn; Hicks, Thurston Cleveland; Imong, Inaoyom; Jeffery, Kathryn J.; Junker, Jessica; Kadam, Parag; Kambi, Mohamed; Kienast, Ivonne; Kujirakwinja, Deo; Langergraber, Kevin; Lapeyre, Vincent; Lapuente, Juan; Lee, Kevin; Leinert, Vera; Meier, Amelia; Maretti, Giovanna; Marrocoli, Sergio; Mbi, Tanyi Julius; Mihindou, Vianet; Moebius, Yasmin; Morgan, David; Morgan, Bethan; Mulindahabi, Felix; Murai, Mizuki; Niyigabae, Protais; Normand, Emma; Ntare, Nicolas; Ormsby, Lucy Jayne; Piel, Alex; Pruetz, Jill; Rundus, Aaron; Sanz, Crickette; Sommer, Volker; Stewart, Fiona; Tagg, Nikki; Vanleeuwe, Hilde; Vergnes, Virginie; Willie, Jacob; Wittig, Roman M.; Zuberbuehler, Klaus; Boesch, Christophe

    2016-01-01

    The study of the archaeological remains of fossil hominins must rely on reconstructions to elucidate the behaviour that may have resulted in particular stone tools and their accumulation. Comparatively, stone tool use among living primates has illuminated behaviours that are also amenable to archaeological examination, permitting direct observations of the behaviour leading to artefacts and their assemblages to be incorporated. Here, we describe newly discovered stone tool-use behaviour and stone accumulation sites in wild chimpanzees reminiscent of human cairns. In addition to data from 17 mid- to long-term chimpanzee research sites, we sampled a further 34 Pan troglodytes communities. We found four populations in West Africa where chimpanzees habitually bang and throw rocks against trees, or toss them into tree cavities, resulting in conspicuous stone accumulations at these sites. This represents the first record of repeated observations of individual chimpanzees exhibiting stone tool use for a purpose other than extractive foraging at what appear to be targeted trees. The ritualized behavioural display and collection of artefacts at particular locations observed in chimpanzee accumulative stone throwing may have implications for the inferences that can be drawn from archaeological stone assemblages and the origins of ritual sites. PMID:26923684

  5. Income Sustainability through Educational Attainment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carlson, Ronald H.; McChesney, Christopher S.

    2015-01-01

    The authors examined the sustainability of income, as it relates to educational attainment, from the two recent decades, which includes three significant economic downturns. The data was analyzed to determine trends in the wealth gap, parsed by educational attainment and gender. Utilizing the data from 1991 through 2010, predictions in changes in…

  6. Retirement Patterns and Income Inequality

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fasang, Anette Eva

    2012-01-01

    How do social policies shape life courses, and which consequences do different life course patterns hold for individuals? This article engages the example of retirement in Germany and Britain to analyze life course patterns and their consequences for income inequality. Sequence analysis is used to measure retirement trajectories. The liberal…

  7. Income inequality and health: pathways and mechanisms.

    PubMed Central

    Kawachi, I; Kennedy, B P

    1999-01-01

    The relationship between income and health is well established: the higher an individual's income, the better his or her health. However, recent research suggests that health may also be affected by the distribution of income within society. We outline the potential mechanisms underlying the so-called relative income hypothesis, which predicts that an individual's health status is better in societies with a more equal distribution of incomes. The effects of income inequality on health may be mediated by underinvestment in social goods, such as public education and health care; disruption of social cohesion and the erosion of social capital; and the harmful psychosocial effects of invidious social comparisons. PMID:10199670

  8. Control of helium accumulation

    SciTech Connect

    Varadarajan, V.; Miley, G.H.

    1990-01-01

    The fishbone like oscillations in ignited tokamaks are addressed in an exploratory manner. The effects of the strong m = 1 oscillations and the weak high-frequency oscillations are examined in order to explore the feasibility of utilizing these oscillations for alpha accumulation control. The prospects of achieving small scale continuous alpha removal from the plasma center by mild fishbone-like oscillations are examined.

  9. Trends in the Family Income Distribution by Race/Ethnicity and Income Source, 1988–2009

    PubMed Central

    Monnat, Shannon M.; Raffalovich, Lawrence E.; Tsao, Hui-shien

    2015-01-01

    The recent dramatic rise in U.S. income inequality has prompted a great deal of research on trends in overall family income and changes in sources of family income, especially among the highest income earners. However, less is known about changes in sources of income among the bottom 99% or about racial/ethnic differences in those trends. The present research contributes to the literatures on income trends and racial economic inequality by using family-level data from the 1988–2009 Current Population Survey to examine changes in overall family income and the proportion of income coming from employment, property/assets, and transfers across five different levels of family income for white-, black, and Hispanic-headed families. We find that at all income levels above the 25th percentile, employment income is by far the largest contributor to family income for all racial/ethnic groups. Employment income trended upward over the period in both real dollars and as a percentage of total family income. In this respect, white, black and Hispanic families are remarkably similar. The racial gap in total family income has remained fairly stable over the period, but this trend conceals a narrowing of racial differences in property income, mostly as a function of the decline in property income among whites, a widening of racial differences in transfer income among the bottom 25%, and a widening of racial differences in employment income, particularly at the top of the family income distribution. Income accrued from wealth is a very small component of overall family income for all three racial groups, even for the highest-income families (top 1%). PMID:26180265

  10. Anaemia in low-income and middle-income countries.

    PubMed

    Balarajan, Yarlini; Ramakrishnan, Usha; Ozaltin, Emre; Shankar, Anuraj H; Subramanian, S V

    2011-12-17

    Anaemia affects a quarter of the global population, including 293 million (47%) children younger than 5 years and 468 million (30%) non-pregnant women. In addition to anaemia's adverse health consequences, the economic effect of anaemia on human capital results in the loss of billions of dollars annually. In this paper, we review the epidemiology, clinical assessment, pathophysiology, and consequences of anaemia in low-income and middle-income countries. Our analysis shows that anaemia is disproportionately concentrated in low socioeconomic groups, and that maternal anaemia is strongly associated with child anaemia. Anaemia has multifactorial causes involving complex interaction between nutrition, infectious diseases, and other factors, and this complexity presents a challenge to effectively address the population determinants of anaemia. Reduction of knowledge gaps in research and policy and improvement of the implementation of effective population-level strategies will help to alleviate the anaemia burden in low-resource settings.

  11. Selenium accumulation by plants

    PubMed Central

    White, Philip J.

    2016-01-01

    Background Selenium (Se) is an essential mineral element for animals and humans, which they acquire largely from plants. The Se concentration in edible plants is determined by the Se phytoavailability in soils. Selenium is not an essential element for plants, but excessive Se can be toxic. Thus, soil Se phytoavailability determines the ecology of plants. Most plants cannot grow on seleniferous soils. Most plants that grow on seleniferous soils accumulate <100 mg Se kg–1 dry matter and cannot tolerate greater tissue Se concentrations. However, some plant species have evolved tolerance to Se, and commonly accumulate tissue Se concentrations >100 mg Se kg–1 dry matter. These plants are considered to be Se accumulators. Some species can even accumulate Se concentrations of 1000–15 000 mg Se kg–1 dry matter and are called Se hyperaccumulators. Scope This article provides an overview of Se uptake, translocation and metabolism in plants and highlights the possible genetic basis of differences in these between and within plant species. The review focuses initially on adaptations allowing plants to tolerate large Se concentrations in their tissues and the evolutionary origin of species that hyperaccumulate Se. It then describes the variation in tissue Se concentrations between and within angiosperm species and identifies genes encoding enzymes limiting the rates of incorporation of Se into organic compounds and chromosomal loci that might enable the development of crops with greater Se concentrations in their edible portions. Finally, it discusses transgenic approaches enabling plants to tolerate greater Se concentrations in the rhizosphere and in their tissues. Conclusions The trait of Se hyperaccumulation has evolved several times in separate angiosperm clades. The ability to tolerate large tissue Se concentrations is primarily related to the ability to divert Se away from the accumulation of selenocysteine and selenomethionine, which might be incorporated

  12. 47 CFR 65.500 - Net income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... OF RETURN PRESCRIPTION PROCEDURES AND METHODOLOGIES Interexchange Carriers § 65.500 Net income. The net income methodology specified in § 65.450 shall be utilized by all interexchange carriers that...

  13. 7 CFR 996.8 - Incoming inspection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... STANDARDS FOR DOMESTIC AND IMPORTED PEANUTS MARKETED IN THE UNITED STATES Definitions § 996.8 Incoming inspection. Incoming inspection means the sampling, inspection, and certification of farmers stock peanuts...

  14. 7 CFR 996.8 - Incoming inspection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... STANDARDS FOR DOMESTIC AND IMPORTED PEANUTS MARKETED IN THE UNITED STATES Definitions § 996.8 Incoming inspection. Incoming inspection means the sampling, inspection, and certification of farmers stock peanuts...

  15. 7 CFR 996.8 - Incoming inspection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... STANDARDS FOR DOMESTIC AND IMPORTED PEANUTS MARKETED IN THE UNITED STATES Definitions § 996.8 Incoming inspection. Incoming inspection means the sampling, inspection, and certification of farmers stock peanuts...

  16. 7 CFR 996.8 - Incoming inspection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... STANDARDS FOR DOMESTIC AND IMPORTED PEANUTS MARKETED IN THE UNITED STATES Definitions § 996.8 Incoming inspection. Incoming inspection means the sampling, inspection, and certification of farmers stock peanuts...

  17. 7 CFR 996.8 - Incoming inspection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... STANDARDS FOR DOMESTIC AND IMPORTED PEANUTS MARKETED IN THE UNITED STATES Definitions § 996.8 Incoming inspection. Incoming inspection means the sampling, inspection, and certification of farmers stock peanuts...

  18. Household After-Tax Incomes 1985.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nelson, Charles T.

    1987-01-01

    In 1985, mean after-tax household income increased faster than inflation for the fourth consecutive year. Mean household income after taxes was $22,650 in 1985, up by 0.9 percent over the 1984 figure. Mean household income before taxes ($29,070) increased by 1.3 percent after adjusting for inflation. The mean after-tax incomes of both White…

  19. Earned Income Tax Credit Eligibility and Participation

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    to assist the working poor . The EIC is intended to offset the burden of the Social Security payroll tax on low - income workers and to encourage low ...The Earned Income Tax Credit (EIC), which is expected to provide over $30 billion in refundable credits in fiscal year 2002, is major federal effort... income individuals to work. The amounts of credit that taxpayers receive depend on the taxpayers’ incomes and the number of qualifying children they have

  20. 26 CFR 1.665(b)-2 - Exclusions from accumulation distributions in the case of trusts (other than a foreign trust...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... distributions even though they include accumulated income. However, if A died at the age of 22, when B was 23, a... child, age 3. The distributions to A and C are not accumulation distributions. The distribution to B is... specified ages. The third exclusion from the definition of an accumulation distribution is for...

  1. 20 CFR 416.1124 - Unearned income we do not count.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...) Any interest earned on excluded burial funds and any appreciation in the value of an excluded burial arrangement which are left to accumulate and become a part of the separate burial fund. (See § 416.1231 for an explanation of the exclusion of burial assets.) This exclusion from income applies to interest earned...

  2. Income Contingent Loans: Conceptual and Applied Framework for the Small College.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lamson, George; And Others

    This document presents a conceptual model and applied framework for the small college to implement income contingent loans. Results of a Pay-As-You-Earn (PAYE) questionnaire indicate the utilization potential and attractiveness of the model. Further discussion concerns some prospects, the break-even tax rate, liquidity, the accumulation of debt…

  3. Capital and income breeding: the role of food supply.

    PubMed

    Stephens, Philip A; Houston, Alasdair I; Harding, Karin C; Boyd, Ian L; McNamara, John M

    2014-04-01

    An aspect of life history that has seen increasing attention in recent years is that of strategies for financing the costs of offspring production. These strategies are often described by a continuum ranging from capital breeding, in which costs are met purely from endogenous reserves, to income breeding, in which costs are met purely from concurrent intake. A variety of factors that might drive strategies toward a given point on the capital-income continuum has been reviewed, and assessed using analytical models. However, aspects of food supply, including seasonality and unpredictability, have often been cited as important drivers of capital and income breeding, but are difficult to assess using analytical models. Consequently, we used dynamic programming to assess the role of the food supply in shaping offspring provisioning strategies. Our model is parameterized for a pinniped (one taxon remarkable for the range of offspring-provisioning strategies that it illustrates). We show that increased food availability, increased seasonality, and, to a lesser extent, increased unpredictability can all favor the emergence of capital breeding. In terms of the conversion of energy into offspring growth, the shorter periods of care associated with capital breeding are considerably more energetically efficient than income breeding, because shorter periods of care are associated with a higher ratio of energy put into offspring growth to energy spent on parent and offspring maintenance metabolism. Moreover, no clear costs are currently associated with capital accumulation in pinnipeds. This contrasts with general assumptions about endotherms, which suggest that income breeding will usually be preferred. Our model emphasizes the role of seasonally high abundances of food in enabling mothers to pursue an energetically efficient capital-breeding strategy. We discuss the importance of offspring development for dictating strategies for financing offspring production.

  4. 45 CFR 602.25 - Program income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... allowable costs. Program income shall be used for current costs unless the Federal agency authorizes... costs. Program income includes income from fees for services performed, from the use or rental of real... the ending date of the award reflected in the final financial report. (c) Cost of generating...

  5. 15 CFR 24.25 - Program income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... allowable costs. Program income shall be used for current costs unless the Federal agency authorizes... costs. Program income includes income from fees for services performed, from the use or rental of real... the ending date of the award reflected in the final financial report. (c) Cost of generating...

  6. 45 CFR 92.25 - Program income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... allowable costs. Program income shall be used for current costs unless the Federal agency authorizes... costs. Program income includes income from fees for services performed, from the use or rental of real... the ending date of the award reflected in the final financial report. (c) Cost of generating...

  7. 29 CFR 1470.25 - Program income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... allowable costs. Program income shall be used for current costs unless the Federal agency authorizes... defray program costs. Program income includes income from fees for services performed, from the use or... award and the ending date of the award reflected in the final financial report. (c) Cost of...

  8. 14 CFR 1273.25 - Program income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... allowable costs. Program income shall be used for current costs unless the Federal agency authorizes... costs. Program income includes income from fees for services performed, from the use or rental of real... the ending date of the award reflected in the final financial report. (c) Cost of generating...

  9. 13 CFR 143.25 - Program income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... allowable costs. Program income shall be used for current costs unless the Federal agency authorizes... costs. Program income includes income from fees for services performed, from the use or rental of real... ending date of the award reflected in the final financial report. (c) Cost of generating program...

  10. 28 CFR 66.25 - Program income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... allowable costs. Program income shall be used for current costs unless the Federal agency authorizes... costs. Program income includes income from fees for services performed, from the use or rental of real... the ending date of the award reflected in the final financial report. (c) Cost of generating...

  11. 45 CFR 2541.250 - Program income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... costs to determine the net allowable costs. Program income shall be used for current costs unless the... to defray program costs. Program income includes income from fees for services performed, from the... award and the ending date of the award reflected in the final financial report. (c) Cost of...

  12. Income Inequality and the Education Divide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Welch, Mary A., Ed.

    1998-01-01

    The economics of the decision to go to college or obtain technical training is discussed in this booklet. To stay competitive in the job market requires constant educational updating. The following questions are discussed: (1) how income inequality is measured; (2) how income is distributed in the United States; (3) why income inequality is…

  13. 45 CFR 602.25 - Program income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION UNIFORM... costs. Program income includes income from fees for services performed, from the use or rental of real... program income. (See § 602.34.) (f) Property. Proceeds from the sale of real property or equipment will...

  14. 45 CFR 602.25 - Program income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION UNIFORM... costs. Program income includes income from fees for services performed, from the use or rental of real... program income. (See § 602.34.) (f) Property. Proceeds from the sale of real property or equipment will...

  15. 45 CFR 602.25 - Program income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION UNIFORM... costs. Program income includes income from fees for services performed, from the use or rental of real... program income. (See § 602.34.) (f) Property. Proceeds from the sale of real property or equipment will...

  16. 47 CFR 65.500 - Net income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 3 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Net income. 65.500 Section 65.500... OF RETURN PRESCRIPTION PROCEDURES AND METHODOLOGIES Interexchange Carriers § 65.500 Net income. The net income methodology specified in § 65.450 shall be utilized by all interexchange carriers that...

  17. 28 CFR 70.24 - Program income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Program income. 70.24 Section 70.24...-PROFIT ORGANIZATIONS Post-Award Requirements Financial and Program Management § 70.24 Program income. (a... income related to projects financed in whole or in part with Department funds. (b) Except as provided...

  18. 7 CFR 3430.53 - Program income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Program income. 3430.53 Section 3430.53 Agriculture... Post-Award and Closeout § 3430.53 Program income. (a) General. CSREES shall apply the standards set forth in this subpart in requiring awardee organizations to account for program income related...

  19. 24 CFR 570.426 - Program income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Program income. 570.426 Section 570... in Hawaii and Insular Areas Programs § 570.426 Program income. (a) The provisions of § 570.504(b) apply to all program income generated by a specific grant and received prior to grant closeout. (b)...

  20. 10 CFR 600.124 - Program income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Program income. 600.124 Section 600.124 Energy DEPARTMENT... Nonprofit Organizations Post-Award Requirements § 600.124 Program income. (a) The standards set forth in this section shall be used to account for program income related to projects financed in whole or...

  1. 20 CFR 638.529 - Income taxes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Income taxes. 638.529 Section 638.529... TITLE IV-B OF THE JOB TRAINING PARTNERSHIP ACT Center Operations § 638.529 Income taxes. The Act... of student income and provide this to center operators and to the finance center....

  2. 20 CFR 632.34 - Program income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Program income. 632.34 Section 632.34... EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING PROGRAMS Administrative Standards and Procedures § 632.34 Program income. (a) General. The provisions of 41 CFR 29-70.205, program income and interest earned, shall apply to Native...

  3. 24 CFR 92.203 - Income determinations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Income determinations. 92.203... Development HOME INVESTMENT PARTNERSHIPS PROGRAM Program Requirements § 92.203 Income determinations. (a) The HOME program has income targeting requirements for the HOME program and for HOME projects....

  4. 7 CFR 3019.24 - Program income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Program income. 3019.24 Section 3019.24 Agriculture... Management § 3019.24 Program income. (a) Federal awarding agencies shall apply the standards set forth in this section in requiring recipient organizations to account for program income related to...

  5. 32 CFR 37.1335 - Program income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Program income. 37.1335 Section 37.1335 National... TECHNOLOGY INVESTMENT AGREEMENTS Definitions of Terms Used in This Part § 37.1335 Program income. Gross income earned by the recipient or a participant that is generated by a supported activity or earned as...

  6. 22 CFR 226.24 - Program income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Program income. 226.24 Section 226.24 Foreign... ORGANIZATIONS Post-award Requirements Financial and Program Management § 226.24 Program income. (a) Recipients shall apply the standards set forth in this section to account for program income related to...

  7. 25 CFR 276.6 - Program income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Program income. 276.6 Section 276.6 Indians BUREAU OF... UNIFORM ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS FOR GRANTS § 276.6 Program income. (a) No grantee receiving a grant.... (d) All other program income earned during the grant period shall be retained by the grantee and,...

  8. 38 CFR 49.24 - Program income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Program income. 49.24... income. (a) Federal awarding agencies shall apply the standards set forth in this section in requiring recipient organizations to account for program income related to projects financed in whole or in part...

  9. 32 CFR 37.1335 - Program income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Program income. 37.1335 Section 37.1335 National... TECHNOLOGY INVESTMENT AGREEMENTS Definitions of Terms Used in This Part § 37.1335 Program income. Gross income earned by the recipient or a participant that is generated by a supported activity or earned as...

  10. 7 CFR 550.23 - Program income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Program income. 550.23 Section 550.23 Agriculture... Financial Management § 550.23 Program income. (a) REE Agencies shall apply the standards set forth in this section in requiring Cooperator organizations to account for program income related to projects...

  11. 10 CFR 600.124 - Program income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Program income. 600.124 Section 600.124 Energy DEPARTMENT... Nonprofit Organizations Post-Award Requirements § 600.124 Program income. (a) The standards set forth in this section shall be used to account for program income related to projects financed in whole or...

  12. 40 CFR 35.6290 - Program income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Program income. 35.6290 Section 35.6290... Administration Requirements Under A Cooperative Agreement § 35.6290 Program income. The recipient must comply with the requirements regarding program income described in 40 CFR 31.25. Recoveries of Federal...

  13. 40 CFR 30.24 - Program income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Program income. 30.24 Section 30.24... income. (a) EPA shall apply the standards set forth in this section in requiring recipient organizations to account for program income related to projects financed in whole or in part with Federal funds....

  14. 49 CFR 19.24 - Program income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Program income. 19.24 Section 19.24 Transportation... Requirements § 19.24 Program income. (a) Federal awarding agencies shall apply the standards set forth in this section in requiring recipient organizations to account for program income related to projects financed...

  15. 22 CFR 226.82 - Program income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Program income. 226.82 Section 226.82 Foreign... ORGANIZATIONS Additional Provisions For Awards to Commercial Organizations § 226.82 Program income. The additional costs alternative described in § 226.24(b)(1) may not be applied to program income earned by...

  16. 24 CFR 511.76 - Program income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 3 2011-04-01 2010-04-01 true Program income. 511.76 Section 511... Program income. (a) General. Grantees and State recipients are neither encouraged to earn nor discouraged from earning program income in using rental rehabilitation grant amounts under this part....

  17. 40 CFR 30.24 - Program income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Program income. 30.24 Section 30.24... income. (a) EPA shall apply the standards set forth in this section in requiring recipient organizations to account for program income related to projects financed in whole or in part with Federal funds....

  18. 14 CFR 1260.124 - Program income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2011-01-01 2010-01-01 true Program income. 1260.124 Section 1260.124..., Hospitals, and Other Non-Profit Organizations Post-Award Requirements § 1260.124 Program income. (a) The standards set forth in this section shall be used to account for program income related to projects...

  19. 22 CFR 226.82 - Program income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Program income. 226.82 Section 226.82 Foreign... ORGANIZATIONS Additional Provisions For Awards to Commercial Organizations § 226.82 Program income. The additional costs alternative described in § 226.24(b)(1) may not be applied to program income earned by...

  20. 24 CFR 4001.112 - Income verification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 5 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Income verification. 4001.112... Requirements and Underwriting Procedures § 4001.112 Income verification. The mortgagee shall use FHA's procedures to verify the mortgagor's income and shall comply with the following additional requirements:...

  1. 15 CFR 14.24 - Program income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Program income. 14.24 Section 14.24... ORGANIZATIONS Post-Award Requirements Financial and Program Management § 14.24 Program income. (a) The standards... income related to projects financed in whole or in part with Federal funds. (b) Except as provided...

  2. 32 CFR 32.24 - Program income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Program income. 32.24 Section 32.24 National... income. (a) DoD Components shall apply the standards set forth in this section in requiring recipient organizations to account for program income related to projects financed in whole or in part with Federal...

  3. 38 CFR 49.24 - Program income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Program income. 49.24... income. (a) Federal awarding agencies shall apply the standards set forth in this section in requiring recipient organizations to account for program income related to projects financed in whole or in part...

  4. 47 CFR 65.450 - Net income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 3 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Net income. 65.450 Section 65.450... OF RETURN PRESCRIPTION PROCEDURES AND METHODOLOGIES Exchange Carriers § 65.450 Net income. (a) Net income shall consist of all revenues derived from the provision of interstate telecommunications...

  5. 43 CFR 12.924 - Program income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Program income. 12.924 Section 12.924... Requirements § 12.924 Program income. (a) Federal awarding agencies shall apply the standards set forth in this section in requiring recipient organizations to account for program income related to projects financed...

  6. 36 CFR 1210.24 - Program income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Program income. 1210.24... Management § 1210.24 Program income. (a) The NHPRC applies the standards set forth in this section in requiring recipient organizations to account for program income related to projects financed in whole or...

  7. 7 CFR 3019.24 - Program income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Program income. 3019.24 Section 3019.24 Agriculture... Management § 3019.24 Program income. (a) Federal awarding agencies shall apply the standards set forth in this section in requiring recipient organizations to account for program income related to...

  8. 28 CFR 70.24 - Program income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Program income. 70.24 Section 70.24...-PROFIT ORGANIZATIONS Post-Award Requirements Financial and Program Management § 70.24 Program income. (a... income related to projects financed in whole or in part with Department funds. (b) Except as provided...

  9. 24 CFR 954.302 - Income determinations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Income determinations. 954.302... DEVELOPMENT INDIAN HOME PROGRAM Eligible Activities and Affordability § 954.302 Income determinations. Whenever a grantee makes a determination under this part based on family income or adjusted family...

  10. 15 CFR 14.24 - Program income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Program income. 14.24 Section 14.24... ORGANIZATIONS Post-Award Requirements Financial and Program Management § 14.24 Program income. (a) The standards... income related to projects financed in whole or in part with Federal funds. (b) Except as provided...

  11. 7 CFR 3430.53 - Program income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Program income. 3430.53 Section 3430.53 Agriculture...-GENERAL AWARD ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS Post-Award and Closeout § 3430.53 Program income. (a) General... for program income related to projects financed in whole or in part with Federal funds. (b)...

  12. 24 CFR 92.203 - Income determinations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Income determinations. 92.203... Development HOME INVESTMENT PARTNERSHIPS PROGRAM Program Requirements § 92.203 Income determinations. (a) The HOME program has income targeting requirements for the HOME program and for HOME projects....

  13. 24 CFR 84.24 - Program income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Program income. 84.24 Section 84.24... income. (a) HUD shall apply the standards set forth in this section in requiring recipient organizations to account for program income related to projects financed in whole or in part with Federal funds....

  14. 24 CFR 570.426 - Program income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 3 2011-04-01 2010-04-01 true Program income. 570.426 Section 570... in Hawaii and Insular Areas Programs § 570.426 Program income. (a) The provisions of § 570.504(b) apply to all program income generated by a specific grant and received prior to grant closeout. (b)...

  15. 22 CFR 145.24 - Program income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Program income. 145.24 Section 145.24 Foreign....24 Program income. (a) The Department shall apply the standards set forth in this section in requiring recipient organizations to account for program income related to projects financed in whole or...

  16. 45 CFR 2543.24 - Program income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Program income. 2543.24 Section 2543.24 Public... ORGANIZATIONS Post-Award Requirements Financial and Program Management § 2543.24 Program income. (a) Federal... to account for program income related to projects financed in whole or in part with Federal funds....

  17. 2 CFR 215.24 - Program income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 2 Grants and Agreements 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Program income. 215.24 Section 215.24 Grants... income. (a) Federal awarding agencies shall apply the standards set forth in this section in requiring recipient organizations to account for program income related to projects financed in whole or in part...

  18. 34 CFR 74.24 - Program income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 34 Education 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Program income. 74.24 Section 74.24 Education Office of... Program Management § 74.24 Program income. (a) The Secretary applies the standards contained in this section in requiring recipient organizations to account for program income related to projects financed...

  19. 25 CFR 276.6 - Program income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Program income. 276.6 Section 276.6 Indians BUREAU OF... UNIFORM ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS FOR GRANTS § 276.6 Program income. (a) No grantee receiving a grant.... (d) All other program income earned during the grant period shall be retained by the grantee and,...

  20. 20 CFR 638.529 - Income taxes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Income taxes. 638.529 Section 638.529... TITLE IV-B OF THE JOB TRAINING PARTNERSHIP ACT Center Operations § 638.529 Income taxes. The Act... of student income and provide this to center operators and to the finance center....