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Sample records for achromabacter sp isolated

  1. Mineralization of a Malaysian crude oil by Pseudomonas sp. and Achromabacter sp. isolated from coastal waters

    SciTech Connect

    Ahmad, J.; Ahmad, M.F.

    1995-12-31

    Regarded as being a potentially effective tool to combat oil pollution, bioremediation involves mineralization, i.e., the conversion of complex hydrocarbons into harmless CO{sub 2} and water by action of microorganisms. Therefore, in achieving optimum effectiveness from the application of these products on crude oil in local environments, the capability of the bacteria to mineralize hydrocarbons was evaluated. The microbial laboratory testing of mineralization on local oil degraders involved, first, isolation of bacteria found at a port located on the west coast of Peninsular Malaysia. Subsequently, these bacteria were identified by means of Biomereux`s API 20E and 20 NE systems and later screened by their growth on a Malaysian crude oil. Selected strains of Pseudomonas sp. and Achromabacter sp. were then exposed individually to a similar crude oil in a mineralization unit and monitored for 16 days for release of CO{sub 2}. Pseudomonas paucimobilis was found to produce more CO{sub 2} than Achromobacter sp. When tested under similar conditions, mixed populations of these two taxa produced more CO{sub 2} than that produced by any individual strain. Effective bioremediation of local crude in Malaysian waters can therefore be achieved from biochemically developed Pseudomonas sp. strains.

  2. Listeria fleischmannii sp. nov., isolated from cheese.

    PubMed

    Bertsch, David; Rau, Jörg; Eugster, Marcel R; Haug, Martina C; Lawson, Paul A; Lacroix, Christophe; Meile, Leo

    2013-02-01

    A study was performed on three isolates (LU2006-1(T), LU2006-2 and LU2006-3), which were sampled independently from cheese in western Switzerland in 2006, as well as a fourth isolate (A11-3426), which was detected in 2011, using a polyphasic approach. The isolates could all be assigned to the genus Listeria but not to any known species. Phenotypic and chemotaxonomic data were compatible with the genus Listeria and phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences confirmed that the closest relationships were with members of this genus. However, DNA-DNA hybridization demonstrated that the isolates did not belong to any currently described species. Cell-wall-binding domains of Listeria monocytogenes bacteriophage endolysins were able to attach to the isolates, confirming their tight relatedness to the genus Listeria. Although PCR targeting the central portion of the flagellin gene flaA was positive, motility was not observed. The four isolates could not be discriminated by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy or pulsed-field gel electrophoresis. This suggests that they represent a single species, which seems to be adapted to the environment in a cheese-ripening cellar as it was re-isolated from the same type of Swiss cheese after more than 5 years. Conjugation experiments demonstrated that the isolates harbour a transferable resistance to clindamycin. The isolates did not exhibit haemolysis or show any indication of human pathogenicity or virulence. The four isolates are affiliated with the genus Listeria but can be differentiated from all described members of the genus Listeria and therefore they merit being classified as representatives of a novel species, for which we propose the name Listeria fleischmannii sp. nov.; the type strain is LU2006-1(T) ( = DSM 24998(T)  = LMG 26584(T)).

  3. Enterococcus plantarum sp. nov., isolated from plants.

    PubMed

    Svec, Pavel; Vandamme, Peter; Bryndová, Hana; Holochová, Pavla; Kosina, Marcel; Maslanová, Ivana; Sedlácek, Ivo

    2012-07-01

    Eight Gram-positive, catalase-negative bacterial strains were isolated during screening of enterococcal populations on plants. rep-PCR fingerprinting using the (GTG)(5) primer showed that the isolates constituted a single cluster that was separate from all known enterococcal species. 16S rRNA gene sequence phylogenetic analysis of three representative strains showed that the isolates belonged to the genus Enterococcus and that they clustered with the Enterococcus faecalis species group. Sequencing of the genes for the phenylalanyl-tRNA synthase alpha subunit (pheS) and the RNA polymerase alpha subunit (rpoA) also revealed the isolates' separate taxonomic position. Application of whole-cell protein fingerprinting, automated ribotyping and extensive phenotyping demonstrated the genetic and phenotypic homogeneity of the isolates and confirmed their separate position within the E. faecalis species group. The isolates represent a novel species of the genus Enterococcus, for which the name Enterococcus plantarum sp. nov. is proposed; the type strain is CCM 7889(T) (=LMG 26214(T)=C27(T)).

  4. Agarivorans gilvus sp. nov. isolated from seaweed.

    PubMed

    Du, Zong-Jun; Lv, Guo-Qiang; Rooney, Alejandro P; Miao, Ting-Ting; Xu, Qing-Qiang; Chen, Guan-Jun

    2011-03-01

    A novel agarase-producing, non-endospore-forming marine bacterium, WH0801(T), was isolated from a fresh seaweed sample collected from the coast of Weihai, China. Preliminary characterization based on 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis showed that WH0801(T) shared 96.1  % similarity with Agarivorans albus MKT 106(T), the type species of the genus Agarivorans. A polyphasic taxonomic study was conducted and confirmed the phylogenetic affiliation of strain WH0801(T) to the genus Agarivorans. Isolate WH0801(T) produces light-yellow-pigmented colonies; cells are Gram-stain-negative, straight or curved rods, which are motile with a single polar flagellum. Strain WH0801(T) grew in 0.5-5  % NaCl, with optimum growth at 3  % NaCl, and its optimal pH and cultivation temperature were 8.4-8.6 and 28-32 °C, respectively. Data from biochemical tests, whole-cell fatty acid profiling, 16S rRNA gene sequence studies and DNA-DNA hybridization clearly indicated that isolate WH0801(T) represented a novel species within the genus Agarivorans, for which the name Agarivorans gilvus sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain of Agarivorans gilvus sp. nov. is WH0801(T) (=NRRL B-59247(T) =CGMCC 1.10131(T)).

  5. Actinoplanes siamensis sp. nov., isolated from soil.

    PubMed

    Suriyachadkun, Chanwit; Ngaemthao, Wipaporn; Chunhametha, Suwanee; Thawai, Chitti; Sanglier, Jean-Jacques

    2013-08-01

    A Gram-positive filamentous bacterial strain that developed large campanulate sporangia at the ends of sporangiophores on substrate mycelium was isolated from bamboo forest soil in Thailand. According to the results of a polyphasic taxonomic study, our isolate had typical characteristics of members of the genus Actinoplanes. The 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis also indicated that strain A-T 6646(T) belonged to the genus Actinoplanes, being most closely related to Actinoplanes liguriensis DSM 43865(T) (97.61 %) and Actinoplanes octamycinicus NBRC 14524(T) (97.52 %). The DNA-DNA relatedness values, which differentiate the new strain from the most closely related species, were significantly below 70 %. The cell-wall peptidoglycan contained meso-diaminopimelic acid. The whole-cell sugars contained xylose and arabinose. The predominant menaquinone was MK-9(H4). The diagnostic phospholipids were phosphatidylethanolamine, diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol and phosphatidylinositol. The predominant cellular fatty acids were iso-C16 : 0, anteiso-C17 : 0, iso-C15 : 0 and anteiso-C15 : 0. Following an evaluation of phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and genotypic studies, the isolate is proposed to represent a novel species to be named Actinoplanes siamensis sp. nov. The type strain is A-T 6646(T) (= BCC 46194(T) = NBRC 109076(T)).

  6. Flavobacterium fontis sp. nov., isolated from freshwater.

    PubMed

    Chun, Jeesun; Kang, Ji Young; Jahng, Kwang Yeop

    2013-05-01

    A taxonomic study was carried out on a novel bacterial strain, designated MIC3010(T), which was isolated from a freshwater pond in Jeonju, Republic of Korea. Cells of the isolate were Gram-stain-negative, rod-shaped and non-motile. Comparison of the 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that the isolate belonged to the family Flavobacteriaceae, with Flavobacterium haoranii LQY-7(T) as its closest relative, with a similarity of 94.2 %. The predominant fatty acids of strain MIC3010(T) were iso-C15 : 1 G, iso-C15 : 0 and iso-C17 : 0 3-OH. The polar lipid profile of strain MIC3010(T) revealed the presence of phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) and one unidentified lipid (L1) as major components. In addition, two aminolipids (AL1, AL2) and one glycolipid were present in small amounts. The DNA G+C content of the strain was 41.0 mol%. The strain contained MK-6 as the major quinone and sym-homospermidine as the predominant polyamine. On the basis of the evidence presented, it is concluded that strain MIC3010(T) represents a novel species of the genus Flavobacterium, for which the name Flavobacterium fontis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is MIC3010(T) ( = KACC 16593(T) = JCM 18212(T)).

  7. Dactylosporangium maewongense sp. nov., isolated from soil.

    PubMed

    Chiaraphongphon, Suthamat; Suriyachadkun, Chanwit; Tamura, Tomohiko; Thawai, Chitti

    2010-05-01

    Morphological and chemotaxonomic characterization of actinomycete strain MW2-25(T), isolated from tropical forest soil in Nakhon Sawan Province, Thailand, clearly demonstrated that this strain belongs to the genus Dactylosporangium. Phylogenetic analysis using 16S rRNA gene sequences also indicated that this strain should be classified in the genus Dactylosporangium and showed that the closest relative was Dactylosporangium aurantiacum IFO 12592(T) (99.3 % sequence similarity). DNA-DNA hybridization values and some physiological and biochemical properties indicated that this strain could be readily distinguished from its closest phylogenetic relatives. On the basis of these phenotypic and genotypic data, this strain represents a novel species, for which the name Dactylosporangium maewongense sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is MW2-25(T) (=BCC 34832(T)=JCM 15933(T)).

  8. Pantoea rodasii sp. nov., Pantoea rwandensis sp. nov. and Pantoea wallisii sp. nov., isolated from Eucalyptus.

    PubMed

    Brady, Carrie L; Cleenwerck, Ilse; van der Westhuizen, Lorinda; Venter, Stephanus N; Coutinho, Teresa A; De Vos, Paul

    2012-07-01

    Several Gram-negative-staining, facultatively anaerobic bacterial isolates were obtained from Eucalyptus seedlings showing symptoms of bacterial blight and dieback in Colombia, Rwanda and South Africa. Partial 16S rRNA gene sequencing, together with partial gyrB sequencing, placed the isolates in the genus Pantoea and indicated that they constituted three novel species. Multilocus sequence analysis (MLSA) based on partial sequences of gyrB, rpoB, infB and atpD revealed Pantoea dispersa, Pantoea eucrina and Pantoea cypripedii as their closest phylogenetic relatives. DNA-DNA hybridization studies confirmed the classification of the new isolates as three novel species and phenotypic tests allowed them to be differentiated from their closest phylogenetic neighbours. The names Pantoea rodasii sp. nov. [type strain LMG 26273(T)=BD 943(T) (deposited with the Plant Pathogenic and Plant Protecting Bacteria Collection, South Africa)=BCC 581(T) (deposited with the Bacterial Culture Collection, Forestry and Agricultural Institute, South Africa)], Pantoea rwandensis sp. nov. (type strain LMG 26275(T)=BD 944(T)=BCC 571(T)) and Pantoea wallisii sp. nov. (type strain LMG 26277(T)=BD 946(T)=BCC 682(T)) are proposed.

  9. Dactylosporangium tropicum sp. nov., isolated from soil.

    PubMed

    Thawai, Chitti; Tanasupawat, Somboon; Kudo, Takuji

    2011-10-01

    Two novel actinomycete strains, designated KB2-4(T) and KB9-2, were isolated from soil samples. Both isolates formed finger-shaped sporangia on short sporangiophores that emerged directly from substrate hyphae. The cell-wall peptidoglycan contained glutamic acid, glycine, alanine and meso-diaminopimelic acid; the whole-cell sugars were galactose, glucose, mannose, rhamnose, ribose and xylose. The diagnostic phospholipid was phosphatidylethanolamine. The predominant menaquinones were MK-9(H(8)) and MK-9(H(6)). Mycolic acids were not detected. The predominant cellular fatty acids (>20 %) were iso-C(16 : 0) and anteiso-C(17 : 0). For both strains, the G+C content of the genomic DNA was about 72 mol%. The morphological and chemotaxonomic characteristics of the two strains were typical of members of the genus Dactylosporangium. Phylogenetic analysis using 16S rRNA gene sequences also indicated that these strains should be classified in the genus Dactylosporangium and showed that the closest relative was Dactylosporangium salmoneum NRRL B-16294(T) (99.1 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity). DNA-DNA relatedness and some physiological and biochemical properties indicated that the isolates could be readily distinguished from their closest phylogenetic relatives. On the basis of these phenotypic and genotypic data, the isolates represent a novel species, for which the name Dactylosporangium tropicum sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is strain KB2-4(T) ( = BCC 34760(T)  = JCM 15673(T)).

  10. Actinoplanes atraurantiacus sp. nov., isolated from soil.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Yabo; Zhang, Jianli; Fan, Lei; Pang, Huancheng; Xin, Yuhua; Zhang, Xuefang

    2012-10-01

    A Gram-positive-staining bacterium, designated Y16(T), was isolated from a soil sample from Yunnan Province, China. The isolate grew optimally at 25-30 °C, grew at pH 6.0-9.0 and could grow with 3 % NaCl. Strain Y16(T) had cell-wall peptidoglycan based on meso-diaminopimelic acid. The predominant menaquinones were MK-9(H(4)) and MK-9(H(2)). The major fatty acid methyl esters were anteiso-C(15 : 0), iso-C(15 : 0), anteiso-C(17 : 0) and C(16 : 0). These chemotaxonomic characteristics suggested that the organism belonged to the genus Actinoplanes. Strain Y16(T) shared 98.7, 98.3 and 97.9 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity with Actinoplanes deccanensis IFO 13994(T), A. abujensis A4029(T) and A. brasiliensis DSM 43805(T), respectively. The DNA G+C content of the isolate was 70.8 mol%. DNA-DNA relatedness between the novel isolate and the type strains of A. deccanensis, A. abujensis and A. brasiliensis was 35.2, 32.0 and 22.3 %, respectively. In addition, the pattern of phenotypic properties distinguished strain Y16(T) from its closest phylogenetic neighbours. It is therefore concluded that strain Y16(T) ( = CGMCC 4.6857(T) = JCM 17700(T)) represents a novel species of the genus Actinoplanes, for which the name Actinoplanes atraurantiacus sp. nov. is proposed.

  11. Paenibacillus insulae sp. nov., isolated from soil.

    PubMed

    Cho, Sung-Jun; Cho, Sung-Heun; Kim, Tae-Su; Park, Suhk-Hwan; Kim, Seung-Bum; Lee, Geon-Hyoung

    2015-09-01

    A Gram-stain-positive, motile, endospore-forming, and strictly aerobic rod-shaped bacterium designated DS80(T) was isolated from an island soil. The strain DS80(T) grew at temperatures between 15 and 40°C (optimum = 30°C) and at pH values ranging from 5.0 to 9.0 (optimum = 7.0). The phylogenetic analysis based on the comparisons of the 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that the isolate was affiliated to the genus Paenibacillus and was mostly related to Paenibacillus assamensis GPTSA11(T) (with the sequence similarity of 96.33%) and Paenibacillus urinalis 5402403(T)(95.48%). The G+C content of the genomic DNA was 44.0 mol% and the major fatty acids were anteiso-C15:0, iso-C15:0, iso-C16:0, and C16:1 ω11c. Strain DS80(T) contained MK-7 as the major menaquinone, and phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, and diphosphatidylglycerol as the major polar lipids. The peptidoglycan contained a major amount of meso-diaminopimelic acid. The chemotaxonomic profile of strain DS80(T) was consistent with that of Paenibacillus. However, the phenotypic properties clearly separated the strain from other species of the genus. Accordingly, a new species, Paenibacillus insulae sp. nov., is proposed (type strain =DS80(T) =JCM 17278(T) =KCTC 13833(T)).

  12. Sphingobium vermicomposti sp. nov., isolated from vermicompost.

    PubMed

    Vaz-Moreira, Ivone; Faria, Cátia; Lopes, Ana R; Svensson, Liselott; Falsen, Enevold; Moore, Edward R B; Ferreira, António C Silva; Nunes, Olga C; Manaia, Célia M

    2009-12-01

    Strain VC-230(T) was isolated from homemade vermicompost produced from kitchen waste. The isolate was a Gram-negative-staining, catalase- and oxidase-positive, motile rod-shaped bacterium able to grow at 15-37 degrees C and pH 6-8. On the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, strain VC-230(T) was determined to belong to the family Sphingomonadaceae by its clustering with type strains of the genus Sphingobium, with Sphingobium chlorophenolicum ATCC 33790(T) (97.7 %) and Sphingobium herbicidovorans DSM 11019(T) (97.4 %) as its closest neighbours. The polar lipid pattern, the presence of spermidine and ubiquinone 10, the predominance of the cellular fatty acids C(18 : 1)omega7c/9t/12t, C(16 : 1)omega7c and C(16 : 0) and the G+C content of the genomic DNA supported the affiliation of this organism to the genus Sphingobium. The phylogenetic, chemotaxonomic, phenotypic and DNA-DNA hybridization analyses verify that strain VC-230(T) represents a novel species, for which the name Sphingobium vermicomposti sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is VC-230(T) (=CCUG 55809(T) =DSM 21299(T)).

  13. Sphaerisporangium krabiense sp. nov., isolated from soil.

    PubMed

    Suriyachadkun, Chanwit; Chunhametha, Suwanee; Ngaemthao, Wipaporn; Tamura, Tomohiko; Kirtikara, Kanyawim; Sanglier, Jean-Jacques; Kitpreechavanich, Vichien

    2011-12-01

    A Gram-staining-positive, filamentous bacterial strain, designated A-T 0308(T), was isolated from soil of a tropical mangrove forest in Thailand. Strain A-T 0308(T) developed spherical sporangia containing non-motile spores on aerial mycelium. The novel strain contained meso-diaminopimelic acid, N-acetyl-type peptidoglycan and madurose, mannose, ribose, galactose and glucose as whole-cell sugars. The predominant menaquinones were MK-9(H(4)) and MK-9(H(6)); a small amount of MK-9(H(2)) and MK-9 was also detected. Mycolic acids were not detected. The diagnostic phospholipids were phosphatidylethanolamine, diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylinositol, phosphatidylinositol mannoside and phosphoglycolipid. The predominant cellular fatty acids were iso-C(16:0) and 10-methylated C(17:0). The G+C content of the DNA was 72 mol%. Phenotypic and chemotaxonomic analyses showed that the novel isolate had characteristics typical of members of the genus Sphaerisporangium. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis also indicated that the strain belongs to the genus Sphaerisporangium and that it represents a clade distinct from other members of the genus with sequence similarities ranging from 96.3 to 97.8% between the novel strain and its closest relatives. Based on the results of phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic studies, strain A-T 0308(T) (=BCC 21702(T) =NBRC 107571(T)) represents a novel species of the genus Sphaerisporangium, for which the name Sphaerisporangium krabiense sp. nov. is proposed.

  14. Campylobacter iguaniorum sp. nov., isolated from reptiles.

    PubMed

    Gilbert, Maarten J; Kik, Marja; Miller, William G; Duim, Birgitta; Wagenaar, Jaap A

    2015-03-01

    During sampling of reptiles for members of the class Epsilonproteobacteria, strains representing a member of the genus Campylobacter not belonging to any of the established taxa were isolated from lizards and chelonians. Initial amplified fragment length polymorphism, PCR and 16S rRNA sequence analysis showed that these strains were most closely related to Campylobacter fetus and Campylobacter hyointestinalis. A polyphasic study was undertaken to determine the taxonomic position of five strains. The strains were characterized by 16S rRNA and atpA sequence analysis, matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight (MALDI-TOF) mass spectrometry and conventional phenotypic testing. Whole-genome sequences were determined for strains 1485E(T) and 2463D, and the average nucleotide and amino acid identities were determined for these strains. The strains formed a robust phylogenetic clade, divergent from all other species of the genus Campylobacter. In contrast to most currently known members of the genus Campylobacter, the strains showed growth at ambient temperatures, which might be an adaptation to their reptilian hosts. The results of this study clearly show that these strains isolated from reptiles represent a novel species within the genus Campylobacter, for which the name Campylobacter iguaniorum sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is 1485E(T) ( = LMG 28143(T) = CCUG 66346(T)). © 2015 IUMS.

  15. (Spirosoma luteolum) sp. nov. isolated from water.

    PubMed

    Lee, Jae-Jin; Park, Su-Jin; Lee, Yeon-Hee; Lee, Seung-Yeol; Park, Sangkyu; Cho, Young-Je; Kim, Myung Kyum; Ten, Leonid N; Jung, Hee-Young

    2017-03-01

    A novel Gram-negative and rod-shaped bacterial strain, designated as 16F6ET, was isolated from a water sample. Cells were yellowish in color and catalase- and oxidase-positive. The strain grew at 10-37°C (optimum at 25°C) but not at 4 and 42°C, and pH 5-7 (optimum at pH 7). It showed moderate resistance to gamma-ray irradiation. Comparative phylogenetic analysis showed that strain 16F6E(T) belonged to the family Cytophagaceae of the class Cytophagia. Furthermore, this isolate showed relatively low 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities (90.7-93.1%) to the members of the genus Spirosoma. The major fatty acids were summed feature 3 (C16:1 ω7c/C16:1 ω6c), C16:1 ω5c, C16:0 N alcohol, and C16:0. The polar lipid profile indicated presence of phosphatidylethanolamine, unknown aminophospholipids, an unknown amino lipid, unknown phospholipids, and unknown polar lipids. The predominant isoprenoid quinone was MK-7. The genomic DNA G+C content of strain 16F6E(T) was 56.5 mol%. Phenotypic, phylogenetic, and chemotaxonomic properties indicated that isolate 16F6ET represents a novel species within the genus Spirosoma, for which the name Spirosoma luteolum sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is 16F6ET (=KCTC 52199(T) =JCM 31411(T)).

  16. Flavobacterium maotaiense sp. nov., isolated from freshwater.

    PubMed

    Feng, Qingqing; Gao, Yuan; Nogi, Yuichi; Tan, Xu; Han, Lu; Zhang, Yali; Lv, Jie

    2015-01-01

    Two novel strains, T9(T) and T10, were isolated from water samples collected from Chishui River flowing through Maotai town, Guizhou, south-west China. The isolates were yellow-pigmented, Gram-reaction-negative, rod-shaped, non-motile and aerobic. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that the isolates belonged to the genus Flavobacterium, and showed highest similarities to Flavobacterium hibernum DSM 12611(T) (97.0 %), followed by Flavobacterium granuli Kw05(T) (96.7 %) and Flavobacterium pectinovorum DSM 6368(T) (96.7 %). The novel strains were able to grow at 20-37 °C (optimum 25 °C), pH 7.0-10.0 (optimum pH 7.0-8.0) and with 0-0.5 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum 0.5 %). The predominant fatty acids were iso-C15 : 0, C16 : 1ω7c, anteiso-C15 : 0, C15 : 0, iso-C15 : 0 3-OH and iso-C15 : 1ω10c, and menaquinone-6 (MK-6) was the main respiratory quinone. The major polar lipids were phosphatidylethanolamine, one unknown glycolipid, two unknown aminolipids and two unidentified lipids. The DNA G+C contents of strains T9(T) and T10 were 37.7 and 36.4 mol%, respectively. According to the phenotypic and genetic data, strains T9(T) and T10 represent a novel species in the genus Flavobacterium, for which the name Flavobacterium maotaiense sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is T9(T) ( = CGMCC 1.12712(T) = JCM 19927(T)).

  17. Actinoplanes lichenis sp. nov., isolated from lichen.

    PubMed

    Phongsopitanun, Wongsakorn; Matsumoto, Atsuko; Inahashi, Yuki; Kudo, Takuji; Mori, Mihoko; Shiomi, Kazuro; Takahashi, Yoko; Tanasupawat, Somboon

    2016-01-01

    A novel species of the genus Actinoplanes, strain LDG1-22T, for which we propose the name Actinoplanes lichenis sp. nov., was isolated from a lichen sample collected from tree bark in Thailand. The taxonomic position of the species has been described based on a polyphasic approach. Strain LDG1-22T produced irregular sporangia on agar media. It contained meso-diaminopimelic acid in the cell-wall peptidoglycan. The major menaquinone was MK-9(H4); the polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylinositol, phosphatidylinositol mannosides and phosphatidylglycerol. Whole-cell hydrolysates contained ribose, glucose, mannose and small amounts of arabinose and xylose. The major cellular fatty acids were anteiso-C15 : 0 (31.2 %) and iso-C16 : 0 (14.2 %). Mycolic acids were absent. The G+C content was 73.6 %. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis of strain LDG1-22T showed highest similarity (98.8 %) to Actinoplanes friuliensis DSM 45797T and it clustered with Actinoplanes nipponensis JCM 3264T and Actinoplanes missouriensis JCM 3121T in phylogenetic tree analysis. On the basis of the phenotypic characteristics and DNA-DNA relatedness, strain LDG1-22T could be distinguished from related species of the genus Actinoplanes and so represents a novel species of this genus. The type strain of Actinoplanes lichenis sp. nov. is LDG1-22T ( = JCM 30485T = TISTR 2343T = PCU 344T).

  18. Phycicoccus soli sp. nov., isolated from soil.

    PubMed

    Singh, Hina; Won, KyungHwa; Ngo, Hien T T; Du, Juan; Kook, MooChang; Yi, Tae-Hoo

    2015-08-01

    A Gram-stain-positive, non-motile, coccus-shaped bacterium, strain THG-a14T, was isolated from soil of Gyeyang mountain in Incheon, Republic of Korea. The isolate grew optimally at 28 °C, at pH 6.5-7.5 and with 0-3 % (w/v) NaCl. Based on 16S rRNA gene sequence comparisons, strain THG-a14T was closely related to Phycicoccus aerophilus 5516T-20T (97.7 %), P. ginsenosidimutans BXN5-13T (97.6 %), 'P. ochangensis' L1b-b9 (97.4 %) and P. bigeumensis MSL-03 (97.2 %). The DNA G+C content of strain THG-a14T was 71.6 mol%. In DNA-DNA hybridization, the DNA-DNA relatedness between strain THG-a14T and its closest phylogenetically neighbours was below 50.0 %. Strain THG-a14T was characterized chemotaxonomically as having meso-diaminopimelic acid in the cell-wall peptidoglycan. Strain THG-a14T contained glucose and ribose as whole-cell-wall sugars and menaquinone MK-8(H4) as the major isoprenoid quinone. Polar lipids in strain THG-a14T consisted of diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylinositol, phosphoaminoglycolipids, unidentified phospholipids and unidentified lipids. The major fatty acids were iso-C16:0, iso-C15:0 and C17:1ω8c. On the basis of our polyphasic taxonomy study, strain THG-a14T represents a novel species within the genus Phycicoccus, for which the name Phycicoccussoli sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is THG-a14T ( = KACC 17892T = JCM 19837T).

  19. Friedmanniella aerolata sp. nov., isolated from air.

    PubMed

    Kim, Soo-Jin; Hamada, Moriyuki; Ahn, Jae-Hyung; Weon, Hang-Yeon; Suzuki, Ken-Ichiro; Kwon, Soon-Wo

    2016-05-01

    A novel bacterium, strain 7515T-26T, was isolated from an air sample collected in Taean region, Republic of Korea. Cells were aerobic, Gram-stain-positive, non-flagellated cocci, growing in the temperature, pH and NaCl ranges of 10-33 °C, pH 5.0-9.0 and 0-2 % (w/v). It shared high 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity with Friedmanniella lacustris EL-17AT (97.6 %), Friedmanniella lucida FA2T (96.9 %) and Friedmanniella luteola FA1T (96.9 %), showing high sequence similarities of 96.5-97.6 % with members of the genus Friedmanniella. Phylogenetic trees based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain 7515T-26T and members of the genus Friedmanniella formed a compact cluster separable from other genera. The isolate contained anteiso-C15 : 0, iso-C14 : 0 3-OH and iso-C15 : 0 as the major cellular fatty acids, and MK-9(H4) as the predominant isoprenoid quinone. Polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylinositol, two unknown phospholipids and one unknown lipid, and the DNA G+C content was 73.1 mol%. The peptidoglycan type was A3γ. It showed DNA-DNA hybridization values of less than 70 % with F. lacustris EL-17AT. On the basis of the evidence from this polyphasic study, a novel species, Friedmanniella aerolata sp. nov., is proposed. The type strain is 7515T-26T ( = KACC 17306T = DSM 27139T).

  20. Actinomadura scrupuli sp. nov., isolated from rock.

    PubMed

    Lee, Dong Wan; Lee, Soon Dong

    2010-11-01

    A novel actinomycete, designated strain R-Ac121(T), was isolated from a small stone collected from an agricultural field in Jeju, Republic of Korea. The organism formed abundant vegetative mycelium that was branched and twisted. The reverse colour of colonies was brownish-yellow. Non-motile, wrinkled arthrospores were produced directly on the substrate mycelium. Aerial mycelium and sporangia were not observed. A neighbour-joining tree based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that the isolate formed a distinct clade within the radiation of the family Thermomonosporaceae. The highest 16S rRNA gene sequence identity was found with the type strain of Spirillospora rubra (97.3 % sequence similarity) followed by those of Actinoallomurus purpureus (97.0 %), Actinomadura alba (96.5 %), Actinomadura fibrosa (96.5 %) and Actinomadura echinospora (96.4 %). The cell wall contained meso-diaminopimelic acid. The whole-cell sugars were rhamnose, glucose, ribose, xylose and arabinose. The polar lipids included diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol and phosphatidylinositol. The major menaquinone was MK-9(H(6)) and the predominant fatty acids were iso-C(16 : 0), C(16 : 0), C(17 : 1)ω8c and 10-methyl C(17 : 0). The DNA G+C content was 71.8 mol%. The combination of morphological, chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic data clearly supports the separation of the organism from recognized species of the genus Actinomadura and related genera. On the basis of the data presented here, strain R-Ac121(T) represents a novel species of the genus Actinomadura, for which the name Actinomadura scrupuli sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is strain R-Ac121(T) (=KCTC 19488(T) =DSM 45225(T)).

  1. Deinococcus antarcticus sp. nov., isolated from soil.

    PubMed

    Dong, Ning; Li, Hui-Rong; Yuan, Meng; Zhang, Xiao-Hua; Yu, Yong

    2015-02-01

    A pink-pigmented, non-motile, coccoid bacterial strain, designated G3-6-20(T), was isolated from a soil sample collected in the Grove Mountains, East Antarctica. This strain was resistant to UV irradiation (810 J m(-2)) and slightly more sensitive to desiccation as compared with Deinococcus radiodurans. Phylogenetic analyses based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence of the isolate indicated that the organism belongs to the genus Deinococcus. Highest sequence similarities were with Deinococcus ficus CC-FR2-10(T) (93.5 %), Deinococcus xinjiangensis X-82(T) (92.8 %), Deinococcus indicus Wt/1a(T) (92.5 %), Deinococcus daejeonensis MJ27(T) (92.3 %), Deinococcus wulumuqiensis R-12(T) (92.3 %), Deinococcus aquaticus PB314(T) (92.2 %) and Deinococcus radiodurans DSM 20539(T) (92.2 %). Major fatty acids were C18 : 1ω7c, summed feature 3 (C16 : 1ω7c and/or C16 : 1ω6c), anteiso-C15 : 0 and C16 : 0. The G+C content of the genomic DNA of strain G3-6-20(T) was 63.1 mol%. Menaquinone 8 (MK-8) was the predominant respiratory quinone. Based on its phylogenetic position, and chemotaxonomic and phenotypic characteristics, strain G3-6-20(T) represents a novel species of the genus Deinococcus, for which the name Deinococcus antarcticus sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is G3-6-20(T) ( = DSM 27864(T) = CCTCC AB 2013263(T)).

  2. Niabella ginsenosidivorans sp. nov., isolated from compost.

    PubMed

    Yi, Kwon-Jung; Im, Wan-Taek; Kim, Dong-Woon; Liu, Qing Mei; Kim, Soo-Ki

    2015-11-01

    A Gram-reaction negative, strictly aerobic, non-motile, orange colored, and rod-shaped bacterium (designated BS26(T)) isolated from compost, was characterized by a polyphasic approach to clarify its taxonomic position. Strain BS26(T) was observed to grow optimally at 25-30 °C and at pH 7.0 on R2A and nutrient media. Strain BS26(T) showed ß-glucosidase activity that was responsible for its ability to transform ginsenoside Rb1 (one of the active components of ginseng) to ginsenoside compound-K (C-K). Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain BS26(T) belongs to the genus Niabella of family Chitinophagaceae and was most closely related to Niabella soli DSM 19437(T) (94.5% similarity), N. yanshanensis CCBAU 05354(T) (94.3%), and N. aurantiaca DSM 17617(T) (93.8%). The G+C content of genomic DNA was 47.3 mol%. Chemotaxonomic data [predominant isoprenoid quinone-MK-7, major fatty acids-iso-C15:0, iso-C15:1 G, iso-C17:0 3-OH, and summed feature 3 (comprising C16:1 ω7c and/or C16:1 ω6c)] supported the affiliation of strain BS26(T) to the genus Niabella. However, strain BS26(T) could be differentiated genotypically and phenotypically from the recognized species of the genus Niabella. The novel isolate therefore represents a novel species, for which the name Niabella ginsenosidivorans sp. nov. is proposed, with the type strain BS26(T) (=KACC 16620(T) =JCM 18199(T)).

  3. Bacillus paraflexus sp. nov., isolated from compost.

    PubMed

    Chandna, Piyush; Mayilraj, Shanmugam; Kuhad, Ramesh Chander

    2013-12-01

    A Gram-stain-positive, rod-shaped, endospore-forming, aerobic bacterium capable of growing at 15-42 °C (optimum 30 °C) and at pH 5-11 (optimum pH 7) was isolated from compost. Its taxonomic position was deduced using a polyphasic approach and the strain was designated RC2(T). 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis showed that the isolate belongs to the division Firmicutes, forming a clade within the cluster containing Bacillus flexus IFO 15715(T), and showed highest similarity to B. flexus IFO 15715(T) (98.1 %). The cell wall contained meso-diaminopimelic acid as the diagnostic diamino acid. The major cellular fatty acids of the novel strain were iso-C15:0 (36.83 %), anteiso-C15:0 (49.19 %) and C16:0 (5.19 %). DNA-DNA hybridization between strain RC2(T) and B. flexus DSM 1320(T) showed a level of relatedness of 54.5 %. The polar lipid profile of strain RC2(T) showed the presence of phosphatidylglycerol, diphosphatidylglycerol and phosphatidylethanolamine. The predominant isoprenoid quinone was MK-7 and the G+C content of strain RC2(T) was 37.6 mol%. On the basis of phenotypic characteristics, phylogenetic analysis and the results of biochemical and physiological tests, strain RC2(T) was clearly distinguished from closely related members of the genus, and the strain is assigned to a novel species, for which the name Bacillus paraflexus sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is RC2(T) ( = MTCC 9831(T) = MCC 2100(T) = KCTC 13724(T) = CCM 7754(T)).

  4. Variovorax defluvii sp. nov., isolated from sewage.

    PubMed

    Jin, Long; Kim, Kwang Kyu; Ahn, Chi-Yong; Oh, Hee-Mock

    2012-08-01

    A polyphasic taxonomic study was carried out on 2C1-b(T) and 2C-21, two strains isolated from sewage flowing into River Geumho in Korea. Cells of the two strains were Gram-negative, non-spore-forming, motile and oval or rod-shaped. Comparative 16S rRNA gene sequence studies showed a clear affiliation of these two isolates with members of the Betaproteobacteria; they were most closely related to Variovorax boronicumulans KCTC 22010(T), Variovorax dokdonensis KCTC 12544(T), Variovorax ginsengisoli KCTC 12583(T), Variovorax paradoxus ATCC 17713(T) and Variovorax soli KACC 11579(T) showing 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities of 97.4-98.8% with these strains and shared 100% similarity with each other. The genomic DNA G+C contents of strains 2C1-b(T) and 2C1-21 were 65.5 and 65.2 mol%, respectively. Phenotypic and chemotaxonomic data [Q-8 as the major ubiquinone; C(16:0), summed feature 4 (C(16:1)ω7c and/or iso-C(15:0) 2-OH), C(17:0) cyclo and summed feature 7 (C(18:1)ω7c and/or ω9t and/or ω12t) as major fatty acids] supported the affiliation of strains 2C1-b(T) and 2C-21 to the genus Variovorax. Based on evidence derived from this polyphasic analysis, it is proposed that strains 2C1-b(T) and 2C1-21 represent a novel species for which the name Variovorax defluvii sp. nov. is proposed; the type strain is 2C1-b(T) ( = KCTC 12768(T) = JCM 17804(T)).

  5. Flavobacterium vireti sp. nov., isolated from soil.

    PubMed

    Singh, Hina; Du, Juan; Won, KyungHwa; Yang, Jung-Eun; Akter, Shahina; Kim, Ki-Young; Yi, Tae-Hoo

    2015-06-01

    A novel Gram-negative, aerobic, yellow-pigmented, non-motile and rod-shaped bacterium, designated as THG-SM1(T), was isolated from field soil collected from Suwon, South Korea. The strain was found to grow optimally at 28 °C, at pH 7.0 and in the absence of NaCl. Based on 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities, strain THG-SM1(T) belongs to the genus Flavobacterium and is most closely related to Flavobacterium terrae KACC 11731(T), followed by Flavobacterium columnare KACC 11683(T) and Flavobacterium enshiense KCTC 23775(T). The DNA G+C content of the novel isolate was determined to be 38.5 mol%. In DNA-DNA hybridization tests, the DNA relatedness between strain THG-SM1(T) and its closest phylogenetic neighbour F. terrae was below 50 %. Flexirubin-type pigments were found to be present. The major polar lipid and isoprenoid quinone were phosphatidylethanolamine and menaquinone 6 (MK-6), respectively. The main cellular fatty acids were identified as iso-C15:1G, iso-C15:0 3OH, iso-C16:0 and iso-C15:0. The DNA-DNA hybridization result and differentiating chemotaxonomic and phenotypic characteristics showed that strain THG-SM1(T) represents a novel species of the genus Flavobacterium, for which the name Flavobacterium vireti sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is THG-SM1(T) (=KACC 18371(T) = CCTCC AB2014312(T)).

  6. Flavobacterium buctense sp. nov., isolated from freshwater.

    PubMed

    Feng, Xiao-Min; Tan, Xu; Jia, Li; Long, Ping-Ping; Han, Lu; Lv, Jie

    2015-11-01

    A gram-negative, non-gliding motile, aerobic bacterium, designated as strain T7(T), was isolated from freshwater of Chishui River flowing through Maotai town, Guizhou Province, southwest of China. Based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, the isolate was identified as a member of the genus Flavobacterium and that shared less than 97 % sequence similarities with recognized Flavobacterium species. Its closest phylogenetic relative was Flavobacterium dankookense (96.9 %), followed by Flavobacterium cheonhonense (96.8 %) and Flavobacterium macrobrachii (96.7 %). The strain formed smooth yellow colonies on R2A plates, and cells were observed to be short rods. Strain T7(T) was found to be able to grow at 15-30 °C (optimum 25 °C), at NaCl concentration of 0-0.5 % (optimum 0 %) and at pH 6.5-9.5 (optimum pH 7.5). Catalase and oxidase tests were positive. Polar lipids of strain T7(T) included phosphatidylethanolamine, four unidentified polar lipids, one unidentified phospholipid and one unidentified aminolipid. Chemotaxonomic analysis revealed menaquinone-6 as the dominant respiratory quinone and C(15:0), iso-C(15:0) and iso-C(15:1) as the major fatty acids. The DNA G+C content of strain T7(T) was determined to be 38.2 mol%. On the basis of phylogenetic, phenotypic and genetic data obtained in this study, strain T7(T) represents a novel species of the genus Flavobacterium, for which the name Flavobacterium buctense sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is T7(T) (=JCM 30750=CGMCC 1.15216).

  7. Flavobacterium marinum sp. nov., isolated from seawater.

    PubMed

    Song, Lei; Liu, Hongcan; Huang, Ying; Dai, Xin; Zhou, Yuguang

    2013-10-01

    A Gram-staining-negative, strictly aerobic, non-gliding, rod-shaped bacterial strain, designated SW105(T), was isolated from a seawater sample collected from the Indian Ocean. The strain produced flexirubin-type pigments and grew at 15-45 °C (optimum, 35 °C), at pH 5.5-8.5 (optimum, pH 7.0-7.5) and in the presence of 0-5.0 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 1.0-1.5 %). The predominant cellular fatty acids were iso-C15 : 0, summed feature 3 (comprising C16 : 1ω7c and/or C16 : 1ω6c), iso-C17 : 1ω9c and iso-C17 : 0 3-OH. The major menaquinone was menaquinone 6 (MK-6) and the major polar lipids were phosphatidylethanolamine and two unidentified aminophospholipids. The genomic DNA G+C content of strain SW105(T) was 36.2 mol%. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that the novel isolate was related to members of the genus Flavobacterium, showing the highest similarity to Flavobacterium ummariense DS-12(T) and Flavobacterium ceti CCUG 52969(T) (94.3 and 93.0 % sequence similarity, respectively). On the basis of phylogenetic inference and phenotypic characteristics, it is proposed that strain SW105(T) represents a novel species of the genus Flavobacterium, for which the name Flavobacterium marinum sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is SW105(T) ( = CGMCC 1.10825(T) = JCM 18132(T)).

  8. Roseivirga marina sp. nov., isolated from seawater.

    PubMed

    Pan, Jie; Sun, Cong; Wang, Rui-Jun; Wu, Min

    2015-11-01

    Strain PSRT was isolated from seawater of the Pacific Ocean. Cells of the strain were Gram-stain-negative, strictly aerobic, rod-shaped and motile by gliding. Growth was observed at 4-40 °C (optimum 25-30 °C), at pH 6.0-9.5 (optimum pH 7.0-7.5) and with 0.5-8 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum 2-3 %). The major fatty acids were iso-C15 : 1 G (18.9 %), iso-C15 : 0 (26.3 %) and iso-C17 : 0 3-OH (17.9 %). The predominant isoprenoid quinone was MK-7, and the DNA G+C content was 49.3 mol%. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain PSRT was most closely related to Roseivirga spongicola UST030701-084T (96.9 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity), and they formed a distinct clade in neighbour-joining, maximum-likelihood and maximum-parsimony phylogenetic trees with significant bootstrap supports. Based on phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic characteristics, strain PSRT represents a novel species of the genus Roseivirga, for which the name Roseivirga marina sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is PSRT ( = MCCC 1K00459T = KCTC 42444T).

  9. Spirosoma panaciterrae sp. nov., isolated from soil.

    PubMed

    Ten, Leonid N; Xu, Jin-Li; Jin, Feng-Xie; Im, Wan-Taek; Oh, Hee-Mock; Lee, Sung-Taik

    2009-02-01

    A Gram-negative, yellowish bacterial strain, designated Gsoil 1519(T), was isolated from soil of a ginseng field in Pocheon province (South Korea) and characterized using a polyphasic approach to determine its taxonomic position. Comparative 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis showed that strain Gsoil 1519(T) belongs to the family 'Flexibacteraceae' and is related to Spirosoma rigui KCTC 12531(T) (91.8 % similarity) and Spirosoma linguale LMG 10896(T) (91.5 % similarity). Phylogenetic distances from any other recognized species within the family 'Flexibacteraceae' were greater than 14.7 %. The G+C content of the genomic DNA of strain Gsoil 1519(T) was 50.1 %. The detection of MK-7 as the predominant menaquinone and a fatty acid profile with C(16 : 1)omega5c, summed feature 4 (C(16 : 1)omega7c and/or iso-C(15 : 0) 2-OH), iso-C(15 : 0) and C(16 : 0) as the major acids supported the affiliation of strain Gsoil 1519(T) to the genus Spirosoma. On the basis of its phenotypic properties and phylogenetic distinctiveness, strain Gsoil 1519(T) should be classified in the genus Spirosoma as a representative of a novel species, for which the name Spirosoma panaciterrae sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is Gsoil 1519(T) (=KCTC 22263(T)=DSM 21099(T)).

  10. Phytomonospora cypria sp. nov., isolated from soil.

    PubMed

    Sahin, Nevzat; Veyisoglu, Aysel; Tatar, Demet; Saygin, Hayrettin; Cetin, Demet; Guven, Kiymet; Klenk, Hans-Peter; Goodfellow, Michael

    2015-12-01

    A Gram-stain positive actinobacterial strain, designated KT1403(T), was isolated from a soil sample, collected from Karpaz, Magusa, Northern Cyprus, and characterised using a polyphasic approach. Morphological characteristics and chemotaxonomic data indicated that the strain belongs to the genus Phytomonospora. The cell wall of the novel strain contained meso-diaminopimelic acid and galactose, glucose and mannose as the major sugars in whole cell hydrolysates. The polar lipids in the cell membrane were identified as diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylinositol, an unidentified aminophospholipid and three unidentified glycolipids. The predominant menaquinones were MK-10(H6) and MK-10(H4). The major fatty acids were found to be iso C15:0 , anteiso C15:0 and anteiso C17:0. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain KT1403(T) belongs to the genus Phytomonospora with a sequence similarity of 99.73 % with Phytomonospora endophytica, the type species of the genus. DNA-DNA hybridization further differentiated strain KT1403(T) from its near phylogenetic neighbour, P. endophytica DSM 45386(T) (29.0 ± 2.2 % DNA relatedness). Therefore, it is proposed that strain KT1403(T) represents a novel species of the genus Phytomonospora, for which the name Phytomonospora cypria sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is KT1403(T) (=KCTC 29479(T) = DSM 46767(T)).

  11. Citrobacter bitternis sp. nov. isolated from bitterns.

    PubMed

    Ko, Kwan Soo; Choi, Ji-Young; Kim, Joo; Park, Myoung Kyu

    2015-06-01

    In this study, we reported two gram-negative bacteria that were isolated from bitterns, designated as SKKU-TP7(T) and SKKU-TP20, representing a novel species of Citrobacter. Based on the 16S rRNA gene sequences, the two strains were found to be closely related and showed the highest pairwise similarity with Citrobacter farmeri CDC 2992-81(T) (97.1-97.3 %) and other Citrobacter species. Cellular fatty acid analysis revealed that the profiles of strains SKKU-TP7(T) and SKKU-TP20 were similar to those of related species of Citrobacter. The major cellular fatty acids were C16:0 (31.5 %), summed feature 3 (C16:1 ω7c, C16:1 ω6c, 19.7 %), summed feature 8 (C18:1 ω7c, C18:1 ω6c, 11.9 %), C17:0 cyclo (10.7 %), and summed feature 2 (C12:0 aldehyde/unknown 10928, 9.5 %). Although the strains could utilize sucrose and raffinose as a carbon source, they did not produce ornithine decarboxylase and urease. The biochemical and genotypic characteristics indicate that strains SKKU-TP7(T) and SKKU-TP20 represent a novel species of Citrobacter, for which the name Citrobacter bitterns sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is SKKU-TP7(T) (=KCTC 42139(T) = JCM 30009(T)).

  12. Actinoplanes luteus sp. nov., isolated from soil.

    PubMed

    Suriyachadkun, Chanwit; Ngaemthao, Wipaporn; Chunhametha, Suwanee; Sanglier, Jean-Jacques

    2015-11-01

    A novel filamentous bacterial strain, A-T 5190T, which developed irregular sporangia at the end of sporangiophores on substrate mycelia, was isolated from dry evergreen forest soil collected in Thailand. The 16S rRNA gene sequence and phylogenetic analysis indicated that strain A-T 5190T belonged to the genus Actinoplanes and was related most closely to Actinoplanes palleronii NBRC 14916T (98.88 % similarity) and Actinoplanes rectilineatus NBRC 13941T (98.54 %). DNA-DNA relatedness values between strain A-T 5190T and its closest relatives were below 70 %. The cell-wall peptidoglycan contained meso-diaminopimelic acid. The whole-cell sugars contained rhamnose, ribose, galactose and xylose. The predominant menaquinone was MK-9(H4). The diagnostic phospholipids were phosphatidylethanolamine, diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol and phosphatidylinositol. The predominant cellular fatty acids were unsaturated fatty acid C17 : 1 and branched fatty acids iso-C16 : 0, iso-C15 : 0 and anteiso-C17 : 0. The G+C content of the genomic DNA was 71.9 mol%. Evidence from phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and genotypic studies indicate that strain A-T 5190T represents a novel species of the genus Actinoplanes, for which the name Actinoplanes luteus sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is A-T 5190T ( = BCC 41582T = NBRC 109644T).

  13. Flavobacterium shanxiense sp. nov., isolated from soil.

    PubMed

    Yang, Fan; Liu, Hong-Ming; Zhang, Rong; Chen, Ding-Bin; Wang, Xiang; Yan, Xin; Hong, Qing; Li, Shun-Peng

    2015-06-01

    Strain YF-2(T), a Gram-staining-negative, non-motile, non-spore-forming, light-yellow-pigmented bacterium, was isolated from soil samples collected in the city of Yuncheng, Shanxi province of China. Strain YF-2(T) grew over a temperature range of 25-37 °C, at pH 5.0-8.0 and with 0-5 % (w/v) NaCl. Phylogenetic analysis based on sequence of the 16S rRNA gene showed that strain YF-2(T) was closely related to strains Flavobacterium akiainvivens CIP 110358(T) and Flavobacterium hauense KCTC 32147(T) with 95.99 and 95.92 % sequence similarity, respectively. The dominant fatty acids of strain YF-2(T) were Summed Feature 3 (comprising C16:1 ω7c and/or C16:1 ω6c) (21.97 %), iso-C15:0 (18.65 %), iso-C17:0 3OH (11.41 %), C16:0 (9.92 %), and anteiso-C15:0 (6.21 %). It contained phosphatidylethanolamine and menaquinone MK-6 as major polar lipid and respiratory quinone, respectively. Strain YF-2(T) differs from other Flavobacterium species in many characteristics and represents a novel species, for which the name Flavobacterium shanxiense sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is strain YF-2(T) (=CCTCC AB 2014079(T) = JCM 30153(T)).

  14. Flavobacterium procerum sp. nov., isolated from freshwater.

    PubMed

    Feng, Qingqing; Han, Lu; Yuan, Xin; Tan, Xu; Gao, Yuan; Lv, Jie

    2015-08-01

    A Gram-reaction-negative, strictly aerobic, yellow-pigmented, rod-shaped bacterium, designated strain T3T, was isolated from freshwater of Chishui River flowing through Maotai town, Guizhou, south-west China. Analysis of the16S rRNA gene sequence indicated that strain T3T was a member of the genus Flavobacterium and closely related to Flavobacterium resistens DSM 19382T (96.8 %). The novel strain was able to grow at 10-34 °C (optimum 28 °C), pH 6.0-11.0 (optimum pH 8.0-9.0) and with 0-2.0 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum 0 %). The major polar lipids were phosphatidylethanolamine, two unknown glycolipids, five unknown aminolipids and four unidentified lipids, and the major respiratory quinone was MK-6. The predominant fatty acids were C16  :  1ω7c and/or C16  :  1ω6c and iso-C15  :  0. The DNA G+C content of the strain was 36 mol  %. Based on these data, strain T3T represents a novel species of the genus Flavobacterium, for which the name Flavobacterium procerum sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is T3T ( = CGMCC 1.12926T = JCM 30113T).

  15. Flavobacterium yanchengense sp. nov., isolated from soil.

    PubMed

    Hu, Gang; Zhang, Jun; Yang, Guiqin; Li, Yang-Yang; Guan, Yi-Ting; Wang, Jun; Li, Shun-Peng; Hong, Qing

    2013-08-01

    A Gram-stain-negative, non-spore-forming, rod-shaped bacterial strain, hg(T), resembling members of the genus Flavobacterium, was isolated from soil, and subjected to a taxonomic study using a polyphasic approach. Strain hg(T) grew optimally at pH 7.0 and 30 °C in the presence of 1 % (w/v) NaCl. It contained MK-6 as the predominant menaquinone and iso-C15 : 0 and iso-C17 : 0 3-OH as the major fatty acids. The DNA G+C content was 34 mol%. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain hg(T) belonged to the genus Flavobacterium. Levels of 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity between strain hg(T) and the type strains of species of the genus Flavobacterium were below 94.7 %. Strain hg(T) differed from phylogenetically related species of the genus Flavobacterium in several phenotypic characteristics. On the basis of phenotypic and phylogenetic distinctiveness, strain hg(T) (= CCTCC AB 2012099(T) = KACC 16855(T)) was classified in the genus Flavobacterium as the type strain of a novel species, for which the name Flavobacterium yanchengense sp. nov. is proposed.

  16. Euzebyella marina sp. nov., isolated from seawater.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Yan-Jiao; Zhao, Jia-Rui; Zhang, Xi-Ying; Chen, Guo-Zhong; Zhou, Ming-Yang; Mo, Xu-Hua; He, Hai-Lun; Chen, Shiyong

    2017-04-01

    A Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, yellow-pigmented, non-flagellated, non-gliding, oxidase- and catalase-positive bacterium, designated CY01T, was isolated from seawater of the Yellow Sea. CY01T grew at 15-37 °C (optimum, 30 °C), pH 5-8 (optimum, 6.5-7.5) and with 0.5-12 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 0.5-3.5 %). It could not produce flexirubin-type pigment or reduce nitrate to nitrite. CY01T showed the highest 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity to the type strain of Euzebyella saccharophila (97.0 %) and clustered tightly with the species of the genus Euzebyella in the phylogenetic trees based on the 16S rRNA gene sequences. The major cellular fatty acids of CY01T were iso-C15 : 0, iso-C15 : 1G and iso-C17 : 0 3-OH and the major respiratory quinone was menaquinone MK-6. Polar lipids included phosphatidylethanolamine (PE), four unidentified lipids and one unidentified aminolipid. The genomic DNA G+C content was 38.2 mol%. Based on the results of the polyphasic characterization of CY01T, it represents a novel species of the genus Euzebyella, for which the name Euzebyella marina sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is CY01T (=CCTCC AB 2014348T=KCTC 42440T).

  17. Jatrophihabitans soli sp. nov., isolated from soil.

    PubMed

    Kim, Soo-Jin; Moon, Ji-Young; Lim, Jun-Muk; Hamada, Moriyuki; Ahn, Jae-Hyung; Weon, Hang-Yeon; Suzuki, Ken-Ichiro; Kwon, Soon-Wo

    2015-06-01

    One bacterial strain, designated KIS75-12T, isolated from a soil sample collected from Wonsando island located in Boryeong city, Republic of Korea, was characterized as aerobic, Gram-stain-positive, non-flagellated and a short rod. It grew between temperatures of 15-37 °C, pH 4-9 and 0-3.0 % (w/v) NaCl. The 16S rRNA gene analysis showed the strain was moderately related to Jatrophihabitans endophyticus S9-650T (97.7 %) and revealed low sequence similarity (≤94.7 %) with all the other species with validly published names. Its major fatty acid was iso-C16 : 0. The predominant menaquinone of strain KIS75-12T was MK-9(H4). The polar lipids consisted of diphosphatidylglycerol and several small amounts of phosphatidylinositol, aminolipids and glycolipid. The peptidoglycan contained meso-A2pm as diagnostic diamino acid and the peptidoglycan type is A4γ. The genomic DNA G+C content of the type strain was 72.1 mol%. The combined phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic data showed that strain KIS75-12T could be clearly distinguished from the only member of the genus Jatrophihabitans,J. endophyticus. Therefore, the results of this study indicate the existence of a representative of a novel species of the genus Jatrophihabitans, for which we propose the name Jatrophihabitans soli sp. nov., with strain KIS75-12T ( = KACC 17298T = DSM 45908T  = NBRC 109658T) as the type strain. An emended description of the genus Jatrophihabitans is also given.

  18. Tumebacillus luteolus sp. nov., isolated from soil.

    PubMed

    Her, Jihee; Srinivasan, Sathiyaraj; Lee, Sang-Seob

    2015-11-01

    Two strains of Gram-stain-positive, aerobic, spore-forming and rod-shaped bacteria, designated U13T and U14, were isolated from soil of the Ukraine. Comparative analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that these strains belong to the genus Tumebacillus, with the highest 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity with Tumebacillus ginsengisoli Gsoil 1105T (95.48% and 95.49%, respectively). Strains U13T and U14 had iso-C15:0 and summed features 1 and 4 as the main fatty acids, and were able to grow at pH ranging from pH 5.0 to 9.0 (optimum pH 6.0-7.0), temperatures ranging from 25 to 42 °C (optimum 28-37 °C) and with 0-1% (w/v) NaCl (optimum 0%, w/v) on R2A agar medium. Chemotaxonomic data revealed that the cell-wall peptidoglycan type of the two strains was type A1γ (meso-diaminopimelic acid). On the basis of the evidence from this study, strains U13T and U14 represent a novel species of the genus Tumebacillus, for which the name Tumebacillus luteolus sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is U13T ( = KEMB 7305-100T = JCM 19866T) and a second strain is U14 ( = KEMB 7305-101 = JCM 19867).

  19. Gryllotalpicola soli sp. nov., isolated from soil.

    PubMed

    Moon, Ji-Young; Kim, Soo-Jin; Hamada, Moriyuki; Ahn, Jae-Hyung; Weon, Hang-Yeon; Suzuki, Ken-ichiro; Yoon, Jung-Hoon; Kwon, Soon-Wo

    2014-12-01

    A novel Gram-stain-positive, short rod-shaped, non-flagellated and mesophilic strain, KIS12-7(T), isolated from a soil sample collected from Daecheong-Island in Ongjin County, Republic of Korea, was studied using a polyphasic approach. Phylogenetic trees based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence revealed that the novel strain was a member of the genus Gryllotalpicola, showing more than 97.0 % sequence similarity with Gryllotalpicola daejeonensis RU-04(T) (98.0 %), Gryllotalpicola koreensis RU-16(T) (97.7 %) and Gryllotalpicola kribbensis PU-02(T) (97.3 %). However, DNA-DNA relatedness values demonstrated that strain KIS12-7(T) could be clearly distinguished from closely related species of the genus Gryllotalpicola. The cell-wall peptidoglycan of strain KIS12-7(T) was of the type B2 and the acyl type was acetyl. The predominant menaquinones were MK-11 and MK-10. Polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, one unknown phosphoglycolipid, one unknown glycolipid, one unknown phospholipid and one unknown lipid. The G+C content of the genomic DNA was 72.1 mol%. On the basis of the evidence presented, strain KIS12-7(T) is a representative of a novel species of the genus Gryllotalpicola, and the name Gryllotalpicola soli sp. nov. is proposed; the type strain is KIS12-7(T) ( = DSM 27182(T) = KACC 17302(T) = NBRC 109659(T)). © 2014 IUMS.

  20. Tsukamurella soli sp. nov., isolated from soil.

    PubMed

    Weon, Hang-Yeon; Yoo, Seung-Hee; Anandham, Rangasamy; Schumann, Peter; Kroppenstedt, Reiner M; Kwon, Soon-Wo; Stackebrandt, Erko

    2010-07-01

    A Gram-positive, rod-shaped, catalase-positive, oxidase-negative, white-coloured bacterium, designated strain JS18-1(T), was isolated from a soil sample collected from Halla mountain, Jeju island, Korea. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis revealed that the strain was most closely related to members of the genus Tsukamurella with levels of sequence similarity of 95.4-96.5 %. Strain JS18-1(T) shared highest 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity with Tsukamurella strandjordii DSM 44573(T) (96.5 %), Tsukamurella carboxydivorans Y2(T) (96.4 %) and Tsukamurella tyrosinosolvens DSM 44234(T) (96.4 %). The G+C content of the total DNA of strain JS18-1(T) was 70 mol%. The cell-wall peptidoglycan type was A1gamma and mycolic acids were also detected. The predominant polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine and phosphatidylinositol. The major quinone was menaquinone-9 (MK-9) and major cell-wall sugars were arabinose, ribose and glucose. The major fatty acids (>10 % of the total fatty acids) were C(16 : 0), C(18 : 1)omega9c, C(18 : 0) 10-methyl and summed feature 3 (C(16 : 1)omega7c and/or iso-C(15 : 0) 2-OH). Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences and chemotaxonomic, biochemical and physiological characteristics indicate that strain JS18-1(T) represents a novel species of the genus Tsukamurella, for which the name Tsukamurella soli sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is JS18-1(T) (=KACC 20764(T)=DSM 45046(T)).

  1. Pseudomonas punonensis sp. nov., isolated from straw.

    PubMed

    Ramos, Elena; Ramírez-Bahena, Martha-Helena; Valverde, Angel; Velázquez, Encarna; Zúñiga, Doris; Velezmoro, Carmen; Peix, Alvaro

    2013-05-01

    During a study of the 'tunta' (frozen-dry potato) production process in Peru, a bacterial strain, LMT03(T), was isolated from the straw grass in which the potatoes are dried. This strain was classified into the genus Pseudomonas on the basis of the 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, and is most closely related to Pseudomonas argentinensis CH01(T) with 99.3 % identity in this gene and 96 %, 92 % and 86 % identities in rpoB, rpoD and gyrB genes, respectively. Strain LMT03(T) has a single polar flagellum, like other related yellow-pigment-producing pseudomonads. The major quinone is Q-9. The major fatty acids are C18 : 1ω7c in summed feature 8 (40.82 %), C16 : 1ω6c/C16 : 1ω6c in summed feature 3 (23.72 %) and C16 : 0 (15.20 %). The strain produces oxidase but it does not produce gelatinase, indole, urease, arginine dihydrolase or β-galactosidase. Catalase production was very weak after 28 and 48 h incubation on nutrient agar medium. Nitrate reduction is negative. It does not hydrolyse aesculin. The DNA G+C content is 57.8 mol%. DNA-DNA hybridization results showed lower than 52 % relatedness with respect to the type strain of P. argentinensis, CH01(T). These results, together with other phenotypic characteristics, support the definition of a novel species within the genus Pseudomonas, for which the name Pseudomonas punonensis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is LMT03(T) ( = LMG 26839(T) = CECT 8089(T)).

  2. Nocardiopsissediminis sp. nov., isolated from mangrove sediment.

    PubMed

    Muangham, Supattra; Suksaard, Paweena; Mingma, Ratchanee; Matsumoto, Atsuko; Takahashi, Yōko; Duangmal, Kannika

    2016-10-01

    A filamentous actinomycete, designated strain 1SS5-02T, was isolated from mangrove sediment collected from Ranong province, Thailand. The strain formed aerial and substrate mycelia composed of long, branched hyphae. Aerial mycelia differentiated into non-motile, rod-shaped spores. The organism contained meso-diaminopimelic acid and no diagnostic sugars in whole-cell hydrolysates. The predominant menaquinones were MK-11(H4), MK-11(H6) and MK-11(H8). Polar lipids comprised phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylethanolamine, diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, two unidentified phospholipids and four unidentified lipids. The major fatty acids were iso-C16 : 0, C18 : 1ω9c, 10-methyl C18 : 0 and anteiso-C17 : 0. The G+C content of the genomic DNA was 73.5 mol%. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain 1SS5-02T belonged to the genus Nocardiopsis. The strain showed the highest degree of 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity with 'Nocardiopsis mangrovei' HA11166 (97.9 %) and Nocardiopsis trehalosi VKM Ac-942T (97.8 %). However, strain 1SS5-02T could be distinguished from its nearest phylogenetic relatives in the genus Nocardiopsis on the basis of DNA-DNA relatedness values and the combination of phenotypic properties. On the basis of polyphasic taxonomy, strain 1SS5-02T is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Nocardiopsis, for which the name Nocardiopsis sediminis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is 1SS5-02T (=BCC 75410T=NBRC 110934T).

  3. Gordonia humi sp. nov., isolated from soil.

    PubMed

    Kämpfer, P; Young, Chiu-Chung; Chu, Jiunn-Nan; Frischmann, A; Busse, H-J; Arun, A B; Shen, Fo-Ting; Rekha, P D

    2011-01-01

    A Gram-stain-positive, non-endospore-forming actinobacterium (CC-12301(T)) was isolated from soil attached to a spawn used in the laboratory to grow the edible mushroom Agaricus brasiliensis. Based on 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities, strain CC-12301(T) was shown to belong to the genus Gordonia and was most closely related to the type strains of Gordonia hydrophobica (97.6 % similarity), Gordonia terrae (97.5 %), Gordonia amarae (97.5 %) and Gordonia malaquae (97.4 %). The quinone system was determined to consist predominantly of menaquinone MK-9(H(2)), minor amounts of MK-8(H(2)) and MK-7(H(2)). The polar lipid profile consisted of the major compounds diphosphatidylglycerol and phosphatidylethanolamine, moderate amounts of two phosphatidylinositol mannosides and phosphatidylinositol and minor amounts of phosphatidylglycerol, three unidentified glycolipids, two phosphoglycolipids and a phospholipid. Mycolic acids were present. These chemotaxonomic traits and the major fatty acids, which were C(16 : 1) cis9, C(16 : 0), C(18 : 1) and tuberculostearic acid (10-methyl C(18 : 0)), supported the affiliation of strain CC-12301(T) to the genus Gordonia. The results of physiological and biochemical tests allowed clear phenotypic differentiation of strain CC-12301(T) from the most closely related Gordonia species. Strain CC-12301(T) therefore represents a novel species, for which the name Gordonia humi sp. nov. is proposed, with the type strain CC-12301(T) (=DSM 45298(T) =CCM 7727(T)).

  4. Streptomyces andamanensis sp. nov., isolated from soil.

    PubMed

    Sripreechasak, Paranee; Tamura, Tomohiko; Shibata, Chiyo; Suwanborirux, Khanit; Tanasupawat, Somboon

    2016-05-01

    A novel actinomycete, strain KC-112T, was isolated from soil collected from Similan Islands, Phang-Nga Province, Thailand. The strain exhibited morphological and chemotaxonomic characteristics consistent with those of members of the genus Streptomyces. The formation of smooth spiral spore chains was observed on aerial mycelia. ll-Diaminopimelic acid was detected in whole-cell hydrolysates, but no diagnostic sugars were detected and the strain lacked mycolic acids. The N-acyl type of muramic acid was acetyl. The major menaquinones were MK-9(H8), MK-9(H6) and MK-9(H2). The predominant cellular fatty acids were anteiso-C15 : 0, anteiso-C17 : 0, iso-C16 : 0 and C16 : 0. The polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylinositol, phosphatidylinositol mannoside, an unknown phospholipid, an unknown aminolipid, unknown lipids and an unknown glycolipid. The DNA G+C content was 73 mol%. On the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, strain KC-112T was closely related to Streptomyces fumanus NBRC 13042T (98.8 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity), Streptomyces anandii NBRC 13438T (98.8 %) and Streptomyces capillispiralis NBRC 14222T (98.8 %). DNA-DNA relatedness values among strain KC-112T and type strains of closely related species were lower than 70 %. On the basis of evidence from this taxonomic study using a polyphasic approach, strain KC-112T represents a novel species of the genus Streptomyces, namely Streptomyces andamanensis sp. nov. The type strain is KC-112T ( = KCTC 29502T = NBRC 110085T = PCU 347T = TISTR 2401T).

  5. Streptomyces krungchingensis sp. nov., isolated from soil.

    PubMed

    Sripreechasak, Paranee; Phongsopitanun, Wongsakorn; Tamura, Tomohiko; Tanasupawat, Somboon

    2017-01-01

    A novel actinomycete, designated strain KC-035T, was isolated from soil collected from Krung Ching Waterfall National Park, Nakhon Si Thammarat Province, Thailand. Its taxonomic position was determined using a polyphasic approach. The strain had morphological and chemotaxonomic properties typical of members of the genus Streptomyces: flexuous spore chain; ll-diaminopimelic acid in the cell-wall peptidoglycan; MK-9(H8), MK-9(H6) and MK-9(H4) as menaquinones; diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylinositol and phosphatidylinositol mannoside as phospholipids; anteiso-C15 : 0, C16 : 0, iso-C16 : 0, iso-C15 : 0 and iso-C14 : 0 as major cellular fatty acids; and DNA G+C content of 72 mol%. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis revealed that strain KC-035T showed high similarity to Streptomyces albiflavescens n20T (99.16 %) and Streptomyces siamensis KC-038T (98.43 %) as well as formed a monophyletic clade with them in the phylogenetic tree. On the basis of comparison of phenotypic properties and the low level of DNA-DNA relatedness, strain KC-035T could be distinguished from its closely related Streptomyces species and is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Streptomyces, for which the name Streptomyces krungchingensis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is KC-035T (=NBRC 110087T=KCTC 29503T=TISTR 2402T).

  6. Bacillus endolithicus sp. nov., isolated from pebbles.

    PubMed

    Parag, B; Sasikala, Ch; Ramana, Ch V

    2015-12-01

    Strain JC267T was isolated from pebbles collected from Pingleshwar beach, Gujarat, India. Cells are Gram-stain-positive, facultatively anaerobic, non-motile rods forming sub-terminal endospores in swollen ellipsoidal to oval sporangia. Strain JC267T contains anteiso-C15 : 0, iso-C15 : 0, iso-C14 : 0, iso-C16 : 0, C16 : 0 and anteiso-C17 : 0 as major (>5 %) cellular fatty acids. Polar lipids include phosphatidylglycerol, phospholipids (PL1-3), glycolipids (GL1-2) and an unidentified lipid. Cell-wall amino acids are composed of diagnostic meso-diaminopimelic acid, dl-alanine and a small amount of d-glutamic acid. The genomic DNA G+C content of strain JC267T is 45.5 mol%. The 16S rRNA gene sequence of strain JC267T showed highest sequence similarities of < 98.41 % with all species of the genus Bacillus when subjected to EzTaxon-e blast analysis. The reassociation values based on DNA-DNA hybridization of strain JC267T with Bacillus halosaccharovorans IBRC-M 10095T and Bacillus niabensis JCM 16399T were 26 ± 1 % and 34 ± 3 %, respectively. Based on taxonomic data obtained using a polyphasic approach, strain JC267T represents a novel species of the genus Bacillus, for which the name Bacillus endolithicus sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is JC267T ( = IBRC-M 10914T = KCTC 33579T).

  7. Dactylosporangium siamense sp. nov., isolated from soil.

    PubMed

    Thawai, Chitti; Suriyachadkun, Chanwit

    2013-11-01

    A novel actinomycete strain, designed MW4-36(T), was isolated from tropical forest soil in Nakhon Sawan Province, Thailand. Morphological and chemotaxonomic characteristics of this strain clearly demonstrated that it belongs to the genus Dactylosporangium. The strain formed finger-shaped sporangia on short sporangiophores that emerged directly from substrate hyphae. The cell-wall peptidoglycan contained glutamic acid, glycine, alanine and meso-diaminopimelic acid including 3-hydroxy-meso-diaminopimelic acid; arabinose, glucose, rhamnose, ribose and xylose were found as whole-cell sugars. The diagnostic phospholipids were phosphatidylethanolamine, diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol and phosphatidylinositol; no phosphatidylcholine was found. The predominant menaquinones were MK-9(H8) and MK-9(H6). Mycolic acids were not detected. The predominant cellular fatty acids were iso-C15 : 0, iso-C16 : 0, anteiso-C15 : 0 and anteiso-C17 : 0. The G+C content of the genomic DNA was 72.9 mol%. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences also indicated that the strain should be classified in the genus Dactylosporangium and showed that the closest relative was Dactylosporangium maewongense JCM 15933(T) (99.4 % similarity). These taxonomic data revealed that strain MW4-36(T) could be readily distinguished from its phylogenetically closest relative. On the basis of these phenotypic and genotypic data, strain MW4-36(T) is considered to represent a novel species, for which the name Dactylosporangium siamense sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is MW4-36(T) ( = BCC 34901(T) = NBRC 106093(T)).

  8. Variovorax dokdonensis sp. nov., isolated from soil.

    PubMed

    Yoon, Jung-Hoon; Kang, So-Jung; Oh, Tae-Kwang

    2006-04-01

    A Gram-negative, motile and oval- or rod-shaped bacterial strain, DS-43T, was isolated from soil from Dokdo, Korea, and its taxonomic position was investigated by using a polyphasic approach. The strain grew optimally at pH 7.0-8.0 and at 30 degrees C in the presence of 0.5 % (w/v) NaCl. Strain DS-43T had Q-8 as the predominant ubiquinone and C(16 : 0), C(16 : 1)omega7c and/or iso-C(15 : 0) 2-OH, C(18 : 1)omega7c and C(17 : 0) cyclo as the major fatty acids, which are consistent with the corresponding data for the type strain (KCTC 12459T) of Variovorax paradoxus. The DNA G+C content was 66.0 mol%. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain DS-43T was most closely related to Variovorax paradoxus, the only recognized species of the genus. The level of 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity between strain DS-43T and V. paradoxus IAM 12373T was 97.3 %. DNA-DNA relatedness data and differential phenotypic properties demonstrated that strain DS-43T is distinguishable from V. paradoxus. On the basis of phenotypic, phylogenetic and genetic data, it is proposed that strain DS-43T (=KCTC 12544T = CIP 108838T) be classified in the genus Variovorax as a member of a novel species, Variovorax dokdonensis sp. nov.

  9. Octadecabacterponticola sp. nov., isolated from seawater.

    PubMed

    Park, Sooyeon; Yoon, Sun Young; Jung, Yong-Taek; Yoon, Jung-Hoon

    2016-10-01

    A Gram-stain-negative, non-spore-forming, non-flagellated and coccoid, ovoid or rod-shaped bacterial strain, HDSW-34T, was isolated from seawater of Hwang-do on the Yellow Sea, South Korea, and subjected to a taxonomic study using a polyphasic approach. Strain HDSW-34T grew optimally at 30 °C, at pH 7.0-8.0 and in the presence of 1.0-2.0 % (w/v) NaCl. Neighbour-joining, maximum-likelihood and maximum-parsimony phylogenetic trees based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain HDSW-34Tclustered with the type strains of four species of the genus Octadecabacter, showing 96.7-97.6 % sequence similarity. Strain HDSW-34T contained Q-10 as the predominant ubiquinone and C18 : 1ω7c as the major fatty acid. The major polar lipids detected in strain HDSW-34T were phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylglycerol, one unidentified aminolipid and one unidentified lipid. The DNA G+C content of strain HDSW-34T was 62.0 mol% and its DNA-DNA relatedness values with Octadecabacterantarcticus CIP 106731T and Octadecabacterarcticus DSM 13978T were 11-18 %. The differential phenotypic properties, together with the phylogenetic and genetic distinctiveness, revealed that strain HDSW-34T is separated from other recognized species of the genus Octadecabacter. On the basis of the data presented, strain HDSW-34T is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Octadecabacter, for which the name Octadecabacterponticola sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is HDSW-34T (= KCTC 52250T=NBRC 112296T).

  10. Flavobacterium chungbukense sp. nov., isolated from soil.

    PubMed

    Lim, Chae-Sung; Oh, Yong-Sik; Lee, Jae-Kwan; Park, A-Rum; Yoo, Jae-Soo; Rhee, Sung-Keun; Roh, Dong-Hyun

    2011-11-01

    A yellow-pigmented, Gram-staining-negative, non-motile, strictly aerobic and rod-shaped bacterium, designated CS100(T), was isolated from soil in Chungbuk, Korea. Phylogenetic analysis and comparative studies based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence showed that strain CS100(T) belonged to the genus Flavobacterium in the family Flavobacteriaceae. Strain CS100(T) showed the highest sequence similarities to Flavobacterium glaciei JCM 13953(T) (97.6 %) and Flavobacterium johnsoniae KACC 11410(T) (97.1 %). Sequence similarity to other members of the genus Flavobacterium was 91.5-97.0 %. Growth occurred at 4-30 °C, at pH 5.0-9.0 and in the presence of 0-2 % (w/v) NaCl. Flexirubin-type pigments were produced. Menaquinone-6 (MK-6) was the major respiratory quinone and the major fatty acids were iso-C(15 : 0) (17.3 %), summed feature 3 (comprising iso-C(15 : 0) 2-OH and/or C(16 : 1)ω7c, 15.5 %) and C(16 : 0) (11.8 %). The DNA G+C content was 36.4 mol%. Strain CS100(T) hydrolysed skimmed milk and gelatin, but not chitin or pectin, and showed oxidase and catalase activities. DNA-DNA relatedness was 3.0 % with F. glaciei JCM 13953(T) and 11.5 % with F. johnsoniae KACC 11410(T). On the basis of the evidence from this study, strain CS100(T) represents a novel species of the genus Flavobacterium, for which the name Flavobacterium chungbukense sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is CS100(T) ( = KACC 15048(T) = JCM 17386(T)).

  11. Flavobacterium ponti sp. nov., isolated from seawater.

    PubMed

    Yoon, Jung-Hoon; Park, Sooyeon; Kang, So-Jung; Oh, Soo-Jin; Myung, Soon Chul; Kim, Wonyong

    2011-01-01

    A Gram-stain-negative, non-flagellated, non-gliding, yellow-pigmented and rod-shaped bacterial strain, designated GSW-R14(T), was isolated from seawater of Geoje Island in the South Sea, Korea. Strain GSW-R14(T) grew optimally at 25 °C, at pH 7.0-8.0 and in the presence of 2 % (w/v) NaCl. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain GSW-R14(T) belonged to the genus Flavobacterium, joining Flavobacterium gelidilacus LMG 21477(T) by a bootstrap resampling value of 100 %. Strain GSW-R14(T) exhibited 97.6 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity to F. gelidilacus LMG 21477(T) and similarities of 91.2-95.2 % to other members of the genus Flavobacterium. Strain GSW-R14(T) contained MK-6 as the predominant menaquinone. The fatty acid profile of strain GSW-R14(T) was similar to that of F. gelidilacus LMG 21477(T). The DNA G+C content of strain GSW-R14(T) was 31.4 mol% and its DNA-DNA relatedness with F. gelidilacus LMG 21477(T) was 31 %. Strain GSW-R14(T) could be distinguished from F. gelidilacus and the other species of the genus Flavobacterium by its phylogenetic and genetic distinctiveness and by several phenotypic properties. On the basis of these data, strain GSW-R14(T) is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Flavobacterium, for which the name Flavobacterium ponti sp. nov. is proposed; the type strain is GSW-R14(T) (=KCTC 22802(T) =CCUG 58402(T)).

  12. Genome sequence of Sphingomonas sp. strain PAMC 26605, isolated from Arctic lichen (Ochrolechia sp.).

    PubMed

    Shin, Seung Chul; Ahn, Do Hwan; Lee, Jong Kyu; Kim, Su Jin; Hong, Soon Gyu; Kim, Eun Hye; Park, Hyun

    2012-03-01

    The endosymbiotic bacterium Sphingomonas sp. strain PAMC 26605 was isolated from Arctic lichens (Ochrolechia sp.) on the Svalbard Islands. Here we report the draft genome sequence of this strain, which could provide further insights into the symbiotic mechanism of lichens in extreme environments.

  13. Chitinophaga eiseniae sp. nov., isolated from vermicompost.

    PubMed

    Yasir, Muhammad; Chung, Eu Jin; Song, Geun Cheol; Bibi, Fehmida; Jeon, Che Ok; Chung, Young Ryun

    2011-10-01

    A Gram-negative, rod-shaped bacterial strain, YC6729(T), was isolated from vermicompost collected at Masan, Korea, and its taxonomic position was investigated by a polyphasic taxonomic approach. Strain YC6729(T) grew optimally at 30 °C and at pH 6.5-8.5. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain YC6729(T) belongs to the genus Chitinophaga in the family Chitinophagaceae. It was related most closely to Chitinophaga terrae KP01(T) (96.4 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity), Chitinophaga ginsengisegetis Gsoil 040(T) (96.1 %), Chitinophaga arvensicola IAM 12650(T) (96.1 %) and Chitinophaga pinensis DSM 2588(T) (93.3 %). Strain YC6729(T) contained MK-7 as the major menaquinone and homospermidine as the major polyamine. The fatty acids of strain YC6729(T) were iso-C(15 : 0), C(16 : 1)ω5c, iso-C(17 : 0) 3-OH, C(16 : 0), anteiso-C(18 : 0) and/or C(18 : 2)ω6,9c, iso-C(15 : 0) 2-OH and/or C(16 : 1)ω7c, C(14 : 0), iso-C(15 : 0) 3-OH, iso-C(15 : 1) G, C(18 : 1)ω5c, iso-C(15 : 1) I and/or C(13 : 0) 3-OH, C(13 : 0) 2-OH, C(16 : 0) 3-OH and unknown fatty acid ECL 13.565. The polar lipid profile contained phosphatidylethanolamine, unknown aminolipids and unknown lipids. The total DNA G+C content of strain YC6729(T) was 48.9 mol%. The phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic data showed that strain YC6729(T) represents a novel species of the genus Chitinophaga, for which the name Chitinophaga eiseniae sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is YC6729(T) ( = KACC 13774(T)  = DSM 22224(T)).

  14. Terriglobus saanensis sp. nov., an acidobacterium isolated from tundra soil.

    PubMed

    Männistö, Minna K; Rawat, Suman; Starovoytov, Valentin; Häggblom, Max M

    2011-08-01

    Two aerobic bacterial strains, designated SP1PR4(T) and SP1PR5, were isolated from tundra soil samples collected from Saana fjeld, North-western Finland (69° 03' N 20° 50' E). Cells of both strains were Gram-negative, non-motile rods. Phylogenetic analysis indicated that the strains belong to the genus Terriglobus in subdivision 1 of the phylum Acidobacteria. Strains SP1PR4(T) and SP1PR5 shared identical BOX and ERIC fingerprints and 99.7 % 16S rRNA gene similarity indicating that, together with their identical physiological features, these strains are members of the same species. The 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity of SP1PR4(T) and SP1PR5 with Terriglobus roseus DSM 18391(T) was 97.1 %. A low DNA-DNA hybridization value (<20 %) and rpoB gene sequence similarity (83.6 %) with T. roseus DSM 18391(T) indicated that the tundra soil isolates represent novel members of the genus Terriglobus. Strains SP1PR4(T) and SP1PR5 grew at pH 4.5-7.5 and 4-30 °C. Sugars were the preferred growth substrates. The major cellular fatty acids were iso-C(15 : 0), C(16 : 1)ω7c, iso-C(13 : 0) and C(16 : 0). The DNA G+C content of strain SP1PR4(T) was 57.3 mol%. Based on phylogenetic, chemotaxonomic and physiological analyses, the name Terriglobus saanensis sp. nov. is proposed to accommodate the two strains; the type strain is SP1PR4(T) ( = DSM 23119(T)  = ATCC BAA-1853(T)).

  15. Flavobacterium orientale sp. nov., isolated from lake water.

    PubMed

    Li, Ai-Hua; Liu, Hong-Can; Zhou, Yu-Guang

    2017-01-01

    Two Gram-stain-negative, obligately aerobic, non-motile, rod-shaped bacterial strains, designated SP3T and SP38, were isolated from a cold-water lake in the west of China. A polyphasic taxonomic study was performed for the strains. Alignment of 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strains SP3T and SP38 were associated with the genus Flavobacterium and were most closely related to Flavobacterium lacus NP180T (96.4 % sequence similarity), Flavobacterium ponti GSW-R14T (95.6 %) and Flavobacterium yanchengense hgT (95.3 %). The genomic DNA G+C contents of strains SP3T and SP38 were 34.9 and 34.6 mol%, respectively. The major fatty acids were iso-C15 : 0, iso-C15 : 1 G, summed feature 9 (iso-C17 : 1ω9c and/or 10-methyl C16 : 0), iso-C17 : 0 3-OH and iso-C15 : 0 3-OH. The unique respiratory quinone was menaquinone 6 (MK-6). The polar lipid profile consisted of phosphatidylethanolamine, one unidentified aminolipid and several unidentified polar lipids. Based on physiological, biochemical and phylogenetic data for these isolates, it was confirmed that strains SP3T and SP38 were affiliated to the genus Flavobacterium and represented a novel species, for which the name Flavobacterium orientale sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is SP3T (=CGMCC 1.12506T=NBRC 109717T).

  16. Isolation and identification of Staphylococcus sp. in powdered infant milk

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Palilu, Prayolga Toban; Budiarso, Tri Yahya

    2017-05-01

    Staphylococcus sp. is one of the most dangerous bacteria that could cause food poisoning. It is a pathogenic bacterium which is able to produce enterotoxin in foods. Milk is an ideal growth medium for Staphylococcus sp., that may cause problem if it is to be consumed, especially by infant. It is the objective of this research to detect the presence of Staphylococcus sp. in powdered infant milk. As many as 14 samples obtained from market were used as samples for bacterial isolation. The isolation were done by employing enrichment step on BHI-broth, continued with Baird-Parker Agar which will produce a typical colony. It is then picked and grown on Mannitol Salt Agar, and gram staining, coagulase assay, and fermentation tests. The confirmation step was done by using API-Staph which gives the identification of Staphylococcus hemoliticus, Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus epidermidis, with a percentage of identity ranging from 65.9-97.7%. Two isolates with the highest identification similarity values were then picked for molecular detection. A PCR primer pair targeting gene coding for enterotoxin A was used, and it gives positive result for the two isolates being tested. It is then concluded that the two isolates belong to Staphylococcus sp., and further research need to be done to correctly identify these isolates.

  17. Cyanobactericidal effect of Rhodococcus sp. isolated from eutrophic lake on Microcystis sp.

    PubMed

    Lee, Young-Ki; Ahn, Chi-Yong; Kim, Hee-Sik; Oh, Hee-Mock

    2010-11-01

    A bacterium, which was observed in all cultivations of Microcystis sp., was isolated and designated as Rhodococcus sp. KWR2. The growth of bloom-forming cyanobacteria, including four strains of Microcystis aeruginosa and Anabaena variabilis, was suppressed by up to 75-88% by 2% (v/v) culture broth of KWR2 after 5 days. But KWR2 did not inhibit eukaryotic algae, Chlorella vulgaris and Scenedesmus sp. An extracellular algicidal substance produced by KWR2 showed a cyanobactericidal activity of 94% and was water-soluble with a molecular weight of lower than 8 kDa.

  18. Diversity of culturable actinobacteria isolated from marine sponge Haliclona sp.

    PubMed

    Jiang, Shumei; Sun, Wei; Chen, Minjie; Dai, Shikun; Zhang, Long; Liu, Yonghong; Lee, Kyung Jin; Li, Xiang

    2007-11-01

    This study describes actinobacteria isolated from the marine sponge Haliclona sp. collected in shallow water of the South China Sea. A total of 54 actinobacteria were isolated using media selective for actinobacteria. Species diversity and natural product diversity of isolates from marine sponge Haliclona sp. were analysed. Twenty-four isolates were selected on the basis of their morphology on different media and assigned to the phylum Actinobacteria by a combination of 16S rRNA gene based restriction enzymes digestion and 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis. The 16S rRNA genes of 24 isolates were digested by restriction enzymes TaqI and MspI and assigned to different groups according to their restriction enzyme pattern. The phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequencing showed that the isolates belonged to the genera Streptomyces, Nocardiopsis, Micromonospora and Verrucosispora; one other isolate was recovered that does not belong to known genera based on its unique 16S rRNA gene sequence. To our knowledge, this is the first report of a bacterium classified as Verrucosispora sp. that has been isolated from a marine sponge. The majority of the strains tested belong to the genus Streptomyces and three isolates may be new species. All of the 24 isolates were screened for genes encoding polyketide synthases (PKS) and nonribosomal peptide synthetases (NRPS). PKS and NRPS sequences were detected in more than half of the isolates and the different "PKS-I-PKS-II-NRPS" combinations in different isolates belonging to the same species are indicators of their potential natural product diversity and divergent genetic evolution.

  19. Agarivorans gilvus sp. nov. Isolated From Seaweed

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    A novel agarase-producing, non-endospore-forming marine bacterium WH0801T was isolated from a fresh seaweed sample collected from the coast of Weihai, China. Preliminary characterization based on 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis showed that WH0801T shared 96.1% identity with Agarivorans albus MKT 10...

  20. Campylobacter iguaniorum sp. nov., isolated from reptiles

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    During samplings of reptiles for Epsilonproteobacteria, Campylobacter strains were isolated from lizards and chelonians not belonging to any of the established taxa. Initial AFLP, PCR, and 16S rRNA sequence analysis showed that these strains were most closely related to Campylobacter fetus and Campy...

  1. Chain terpenoids isolated from cultures of basidiomycete Phellinus sp.

    PubMed

    He, Jiang-Bo; Lv, Xiao-Man; Li, Zheng-Hui; Zhang, Shen; Hu, Dong-Bao; Yin, Rong-Hua; Zhao, Zheng-Zhu; Feng, Tao; Liu, Ji-Kai

    2015-01-01

    Two new sesquiterpenoids (phellinuins H and I), together with five known compounds, were isolated from cultures of mushroom Phellinus sp. Their structures were elucidated based on comparison of nuclear magnetic resonance and MS data and those reported in the literature. All of these compounds were tested for cytotoxicity against five cancer cell lines (HL-60, SMMC-721, A-549, MCF-7, and SW-480).

  2. Micromonospora ureilytica sp. nov., Micromonospora noduli sp. nov. and Micromonospora vinacea sp. nov., isolated from Pisum sativum nodules.

    PubMed

    Carro, Lorena; Riesco, Raúl; Spröer, Cathrin; Trujillo, Martha E

    2016-09-01

    A diversity study on the presence of strains representing the genus Micromonospora in Pisum sativum nodules collected from Cañizal (Spain) has provided evidence of the high number of isolates that might represent novel species. In the present work, we have characterized three of these isolates: GUI23T, GUI43T and GUI63T. Phenotypic and genotypic analyses confirmed that all strains represent novel species of the genus Micromonospora with the following proposed names: Micromonospora ureilytica sp. nov., type strain GUI23T (=CECT 9022T=DSM 101692T), Micromonospora noduli sp. nov., type strain GUI43T (=CECT 9020T=DSM 101694T), and Micromonospora vinacea sp. nov., type strain GUI63T (=CECT 9019T=DSM 101695T).

  3. Indirect Manganese Removal by Stenotrophomonas sp. and Lysinibacillus sp. Isolated from Brazilian Mine Water

    PubMed Central

    Barboza, Natália Rocha; Amorim, Soraya Sander; Santos, Pricila Almeida; Reis, Flávia Donária; Cordeiro, Mônica Mendes; Guerra-Sá, Renata; Leão, Versiane Albis

    2015-01-01

    Manganese is a contaminant in the wastewaters produced by Brazilian mining operations, and the removal of the metal is notoriously difficult because of the high stability of the Mn(II) ion in aqueous solutions. To explore a biological approach for removing excessive amounts of aqueous Mn(II), we investigated the potential of Mn(II) oxidation by both consortium and bacterial isolates from a Brazilian manganese mine. A bacterial consortium was able to remove 99.7% of the Mn(II). A phylogenetic analysis of isolates demonstrated that the predominant microorganisms were members of Stenotrophomonas, Bacillus, and Lysinibacillus genera. Mn(II) removal rates between 58.5% and 70.9% were observed for Bacillus sp. and Stenotrophomonas sp. while the Lysinibacillus isolate 13P removes 82.7%. The catalytic oxidation of Mn(II) mediated by multicopper oxidase was not properly detected; however, in all of the experiments, a significant increase in the pH of the culture medium was detected. No aggregates inside the cells grown for a week were found by electronic microscopy. Nevertheless, an energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy of the isolates revealed the presence of manganese in Stenotrophomonas sp. and Lysinibacillus sp. grown in K medium. These results suggest that members of Stenotrophomonas and Lysinibacillus genera were able to remove Mn(II) by a nonenzymatic pathway. PMID:26697496

  4. Streptacidiphilus toruniensis sp. nov., isolated from a pine forest soil.

    PubMed

    Golinska, Patrycja; Dahm, Hanna; Goodfellow, Michael

    2016-12-01

    Two acidophilic actinobacteria, isolates NA14 and NF37(T), were the subject of a polyphasic taxonomic study. Chemotaxonomic and morphological properties of the isolates were characteristic of the genus Streptacidiphilus. The isolates were shown to have identical 16S rRNA gene sequences and to be closely related to Streptacidiphilus neutrinimicus DSM 41755(T) (>99.9 %). However, DNA:DNA relatedness between isolate NF37(T) and the type strain of S. neutrinimicus was found to be low at 11.1 (±3.5) %. A broad range of phenotypic features were shown to distinguish the isolates from their close phylogenetic neighbours. These data shown that the isolates form a novel species of Streptacidiphilus for which the name Streptacidiphilus toruniensis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is NF37(T) (= DSM 102291(T) = NCIMB 15025(T)).

  5. Streptacidiphilus hamsterleyensis sp. nov., isolated from a spruce forest soil.

    PubMed

    Golinska, Patrycja; Kim, Byung-Yong; Dahm, Hanna; Goodfellow, Michael

    2013-12-01

    Three acidophilic actinobacteria, isolates LSCA2, FGG8 and HSCA14(T), recovered from spruce litter were examined using a polyphasic approach. Chemotaxonomic and morphological properties of the isolates were found to be consistent with their classification in the genus Streptacidiphilus. The isolates were shown to have identical 16S rRNA gene sequences and were most closely related to Streptacidiphilus neutrinimicus DSM 41755(T) (99.9 % similarity). However, DNA:DNA relatedness between isolate HSCA14(T) and the type strain of S. neutrinimicus was found to be low at 44.0 (±14.1) %. A combination of phenotypic features, including degradative and nutritional characteristics were shown to distinguish the isolates from their nearest phylogenetic neighbours. Data from this study show that the isolates form a novel species in the genus for which the name S. hamsterleyensis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is HSCA 14(T) (=DSM 45900(T) = KACC 17456(T) = NCIMB 14865(T)).

  6. Verrucosispora andamanensis sp. nov., isolated from a marine sponge.

    PubMed

    Supong, Khomsan; Suriyachadkun, Chanwit; Suwanborirux, Khanit; Pittayakhajonwut, Pattama; Thawai, Chitti

    2013-11-01

    An actinomycete strain, SP03-05(T), was isolated from a marine sponge sample (Xestospongia sp.) collected from Phuket Province of Thailand. The strain was aerobic, Gram-stain-positive and produced single spores at the tips of the substrate mycelium. Strain SP03-05(T) contained meso-diaminopimelic acid in the peptidoglycan; whole-cell sugars were arabinose, galactose, glucose, rhamnose, ribose and xylose. The polar lipid profile of strain SP03-05(T) consisted of phosphatidylethanolamine, diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylinositol, phosphatidylinositol mannosides and unknown polar lipids. Morphological and chemotaxonomic characteristics of the strain identified it as a member of the family Micromonosporaceae. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed similarity of the strain to Verrucosispora lutea YIM 013(T) (96.90 %), Verrucosispora sediminis MS426(T) (96.90 %), Verrucosispora gifhornensis DSM 44337(T) (96.80 %), Verrucosispora maris AB-18-032(T) (96.80 %) and Verrucosispora qiuiae RtIII47(T) (95.40 %). The DNA G+C content was 72.4 mol%. The phenotypic, genotypic and DNA-DNA hybridization results supported the classification of this strain as a representative of a novel species in the genus Verrucosispora, for which the name Verrucosispora andamanensis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is SP03-05(T) ( = BCC 45620(T) = NBRC 109075(T)).

  7. Lactobacillus apinorum sp. nov., Lactobacillus mellifer sp. nov., Lactobacillus mellis sp. nov., Lactobacillus melliventris sp. nov., Lactobacillus kimbladii sp. nov., Lactobacillus helsingborgensis sp. nov. and Lactobacillus kullabergensis sp. nov., isolated from the honey stomach of the honeybee Apis mellifera

    PubMed Central

    Alsterfjord, Magnus; Nilson, Bo; Butler, Èile; Vásquez, Alejandra

    2014-01-01

    We previously discovered a symbiotic lactic acid bacterial (LAB) microbiota in the honey stomach of the honeybee Apis mellifera. The microbiota was composed of several phylotypes of Bifidobacterium and Lactobacillus. 16S rRNA gene sequence analyses and phenotypic and genetic characteristics revealed that the phylotypes isolated represent seven novel species. One grouped with Lactobacillus kunkeei and the others belong to the Lactobacillus buchneri and Lactobacillus delbrueckiisubgroups of Lactobacillus. We propose the names Lactobacillus apinorum sp. nov., Lactobacillus mellifer sp. nov., Lactobacillus mellis sp. nov., Lactobacillus melliventris sp. nov., Lactobacillus kimbladii sp. nov., Lactobacillus helsingborgensis sp. nov. and Lactobacillus kullabergensis sp. nov. for these novel species, with the respective type strains being Fhon13NT ( = DSM 26257T = CCUG 63287T), Bin4NT ( = DSM 26254T = CCUG 63291T), Hon2NT ( = DSM 26255T = CCUG 63289T), Hma8NT ( = DSM 26256T = CCUG 63629T), Hma2NT ( = DSM 26263T = CCUG 63633T), Bma5NT ( = DSM 26265T = CCUG 63301T) and Biut2NT ( = DSM 26262T = CCUG 63631T). PMID:24944337

  8. Massiliapinisoli sp. nov., isolated from forest soil.

    PubMed

    Altankhuu, Khulan; Kim, Jaisoo

    2016-09-01

    A Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, motile with a single polar flagellum, non-spore-forming and rod-shaped bacterial strain named T33T was isolated from forest soil collected at Kyonggi University, South Korea. The strain was catalase- and oxidase-positive, colonies grew on R2A agar at 32 °C. Sequencing of the 16S rRNA gene and phylogenetic analysis revealed that T33T represented a member of the genus Massilia and is closely related to Massilia niastensis KACC 12599T (98.7 % sequence similarity), Massilia aerilata KACC 12505T (98.5 %), Massilia tieshanensis KACC 14940T (98.4 %), Massilia kyonggiensis KACC 17471T (98.1 %), Massilia norwichensis LMG 28164T (97.7 %), Massilia haematophila CCUG 38318T (97.4 %), Massilia consociata CCUG 58010T (97.3 %), and Massilia niabensis KACC 12632T (97.0 %). Ubiquinone Q-8 is the predominant respiratory quinone, and phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, and diphosphatidylglycerol are the major polar lipids. The major fatty acids are summed feature 3 (C16 : 1ω6c and/or C16 : 1ω7c), summed feature 8 (C18 : 1ω6c and/or C18 : 1ω7c), and C16 : 0. DNA-DNA hybridization revealed <70 % relatedness between strain T33T and the most closely related type strains. The DNA G+C content of strain T33Tis 69.4 mol%. Based on physiological and biochemical test results, Massilia pinisoli T33T is proposed as a novel species of the genus Massilia. The type strain is T33T (=KACC 18748T=KEMB 9005-368T=JCM 31316T).

  9. Agromyces italicus sp. nov., Agromyces humatus sp. nov. and Agromyces lapidis sp. nov., isolated from Roman catacombs.

    PubMed

    Jurado, Valme; Groth, Ingrid; Gonzalez, Juan M; Laiz, Leonila; Schuetze, Barbara; Saiz-Jimenez, Cesareo

    2005-03-01

    A polyphasic study was carried out to clarify the taxonomic positions of three Gram-positive isolates from the Catacombs of Domitilla, Rome (Italy). 16S rRNA gene sequence comparisons placed these strains within the genus Agromyces. The morphological and chemotaxonomic characteristics of these isolates were consistent with the description of the genus Agromyces. The three isolates could be readily distinguished from one another and from representatives of all Agromyces species with validly published names by a broad range of phenotypic characteristics and DNA-DNA relatedness studies. Therefore, these isolates are proposed to represent three novel species of the genus Agromyces, Agromyces italicus sp. nov. (type strain CD1(T)=HKI 0325(T)=DSM 16388(T)=NCIMB 14011(T)), Agromyces humatus sp. nov. (type strain CD5(T)=HKI 0327(T)=DSM 16389(T)=NCIMB 14012(T)) and Agromyces lapidis sp. nov. (type strain CD55(T)=HKI 0324(T)=DSM 16390(T)=NCIMB 14013(T)).

  10. Pseudovibrio ascidiaceicola sp. nov., isolated from ascidians (sea squirts).

    PubMed

    Fukunaga, Yukiyo; Kurahashi, Midori; Tanaka, Kenji; Yanagi, Kensuke; Yokota, Akira; Harayama, Shigeaki

    2006-02-01

    Two bacterial strains, F423T and F10102, were isolated from two ascidians, Polycitor proliferus and Botryllidae sp., respectively, which were collected from a beach on the Boso peninsula in Japan. Cells of both isolates were motile, rod-shaped and formed star-shaped aggregates in the early stage of exponential growth, but were coccoid in stationary growth phase. The results of 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, fatty acid analysis, DNA-DNA hybridization experiments and physiological and biochemical tests indicated that the two strains were members of a novel species of the genus Pseudovibrio for which the name Pseudovibrio ascidiaceicola sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is F423T (=NBRC 100514T=IAM 15084T=DSM 16392T=KCTC 12308T).

  11. Streptomyces chlorus sp. nov. and Streptomyces viridis sp. nov., isolated from soil.

    PubMed

    Kim, Byung-Yong; Rong, Xiaoying; Zucchi, Tiago D; Huang, Ying; Goodfellow, Michael

    2013-05-01

    Two actinomycete strains, BK125(T) and BK199(T), isolated from a hay meadow soil sample were investigated to determine their taxonomic position using a polyphasic approach. The isolates produced greenish-yellow and light green aerial mycelium on oatmeal agar, respectively. They contained anteiso-C15 : 0, iso-C15 : 0 and C16 : 0 as the major fatty acids, and MK-9 (H6) and MK-9 (H8) as the predominant isoprenoid quinones. Phylogenetic analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that the isolates formed distinct phyletic lines towards the periphery of the Streptomyces prasinus subclade. Analysis of DNA-DNA relatedness between the two isolates showed that they belonged to different genomic species. The organisms were also distinguished from one another and from type strains of species classified in the S. prasinus subclade using a combination of genotypic and phenotypic properties. On the basis of these data, it is proposed that the isolates be assigned to the genus Streptomyces as Streptomyces chlorus sp. nov. and Streptomyces viridis sp. nov. with isolates BK125(T) ( = KACC 20902(T) = CGMCC 4.5798(T)) and BK199(T) ( = KACC 21003(T) = CGMCC 4.6824(T)) as the respective type strains.

  12. Crossiella equi sp. nov., isolated from equine placentas.

    PubMed

    Donahue, J M; Williams, N M; Sells, S F; Labeda, D P

    2002-11-01

    Over the course of the past decade, actinomycetes have been isolated from the placentas of horses diagnosed with nocardioform placentitis. The incidence of this infection has generally been low, with typically no more than 30 animals affected in most years, but the incidence increased through 1999, with placentas from 144 mares found to be infected. Approximately half of the cases result in loss of the foal. A typical actinomycete with branching mycelium was isolated from placental lesions, and a comparison of the sequence of the 16S rDNA gene against the public databases indicated a relationship to members of the suborder Pseudonocardineae. Phylogenetic analysis of representative isolates revealed a close relationship to Crossiella cryophila, and subsequent polyphasic comparisons determined that these isolates represent a novel species of Crossiella, for which the name Crossiella equi sp. nov. is proposed, with strain LDDC 22291-98(T) (= NRRL B-24104(T) = DSM 44580(T)) as the type strain.

  13. Nocardia aciditolerans sp. nov., isolated from a spruce forest soil.

    PubMed

    Golinska, Patrycja; Wang, Dylan; Goodfellow, Michael

    2013-05-01

    Actinomycetes growing on acidified starch-casein agar seeded with suspensions of litter and mineral soil from a spruce forest were provisionally assigned to the genus Nocardia based upon colonial properties. Representative isolates were found to grow optimally at pH 5.5, have chemotaxonomic and morphological features consistent with their assignment to the genus Nocardia and formed two closely related subclades in the Nocardia 16S rRNA gene tree. DNA:DNA relatedness assays showed that representatives of the subclades belong to a single genomic species. The isolates were distantly associated with their nearest phylogenetic neighbour, the type strain of Nocardia kruczakiae, and were distinguished readily from the latter based on phenotypic properties. On the basis of these data it is proposed that the isolates merit recognition as a new species, Nocardia aciditolerans sp. nov. The type strain is isolate CSCA68(T) (=KACC 17155(T) = NCIMB 14829(T) = DSM 45801(T)).

  14. Pantoea allii sp. nov., isolated from onion plants and seed.

    PubMed

    Brady, Carrie L; Goszczynska, Teresa; Venter, Stephanus N; Cleenwerck, Ilse; De Vos, Paul; Gitaitis, Ronald D; Coutinho, Teresa A

    2011-04-01

    Eight yellow-pigmented, Gram-negative, rod-shaped, oxidase-negative, motile, facultatively anaerobic bacteria were isolated from onion seed in South Africa and from an onion plant exhibiting centre rot symptoms in the USA. The isolates were assigned to the genus Pantoea on the basis of phenotypic and biochemical tests. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis and multilocus sequence analysis (MLSA), based on gyrB, rpoB, infB and atpD sequences, confirmed the allocation of the isolates to the genus Pantoea. MLSA further indicated that the isolates represented a novel species, which was phylogenetically most closely related to Pantoea ananatis and Pantoea stewartii. Amplified fragment length polymorphism analysis also placed the isolates into a cluster separate from P. ananatis and P. stewartii. Compared with type strains of species of the genus Pantoea that showed >97 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity with strain BD 390(T), the isolates exhibited 11-55 % whole-genome DNA-DNA relatedness, which confirmed the classification of the isolates in a novel species. The most useful phenotypic characteristics for the differentiation of the isolates from their closest phylogenetic neighbours are production of acid from amygdalin and utilization of adonitol and sorbitol. A novel species, Pantoea allii sp. nov., is proposed, with type strain BD 390(T) ( = LMG 24248(T)).

  15. Direct transesterification of Oedogonium sp. oil be using immobilized isolated novel Bacillus sp. lipase.

    PubMed

    Sivaramakrishnan, Ramachandran; Muthukumar, Karuppan

    2014-01-01

    This work emphasizes the potential of the isolated Bacillus sp. lipase for the production of fatty acid methyl ester by the direct transesterification of Oedogonium sp. of macroalgae. Dimethyl carbonate was used as the extraction solvent and also as the reactant. The effect of solvent/algae ratio, water addition, catalyst, temperature, stirring and time on the direct transesterification was studied. The highest fatty acid methyl ester yield obtained under optimum conditions (5 g Oedogonium sp. powder, 7.5 ml of solvent (dimethyl carbonate)/g of algae, 8% catalyst (%wt/wt of oil), distilled water 1% (wt/wt of algae), 36 h, 55°C and 180 rpm) was 82%. Final product was subjected to thermogravimetric analysis and (1)H NMR analysis. The results showed that the isolated enzyme has good potential in catalyzing the direct transesterification of algae, and the dimethyl carbonate did not affect the activity of the isolated lipase. Copyright © 2013 The Society for Biotechnology, Japan. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  16. Streptococcus loxodontisalivarius sp. nov. and Streptococcus saliviloxodontae sp. nov., isolated from oral cavities of elephants.

    PubMed

    Saito, Masanori; Shinozaki-Kuwahara, Noriko; Hirasawa, Masatomo; Takada, Kazuko

    2014-09-01

    Four Gram-stain-positive, catalase-negative, coccoid-shaped organisms were isolated from elephant oral cavities. The isolates were tentatively identified as streptococcal species based on the results of biochemical tests. Comparative 16S rRNA gene sequencing studies confirmed the organisms to be members of the genus Streptococcus. Two isolates (NUM 6304(T) and NUM 6312) were related most closely to Streptococcus salivarius with 96.8 % and 93.1 % similarity based on the 16S rRNA gene and the RNA polymerase β subunit encoding gene (rpoB), respectively, and to Streptococcus vestibularis with 83.7 % similarity based on the 60 kDa heat-shock protein gene (groEL). The other two isolates (NUM 6306(T) and NUM 6318) were related most closely to S. vestibularis with 97.0 % and 82.9 % similarity based on the 16S rRNA and groEL genes, respectively, and to S. salivarius with 93.5 % similarity based on the rpoB gene. Based on phylogenetic and phenotypic evidence, these isolates are suggested to represent novel species of the genus Streptococcus, for which the names Streptococcus loxodontisalivarius sp. nov. (type strain NUM 6304(T) = JCM 19287(T) = DSM 27382(T)) and Streptococcus saliviloxodontae sp. nov. (type strain NUM 6306(T) = JCM 19288(T) = DSM 27513(T)) are proposed.

  17. Enterobacter turicensis sp. nov. and Enterobacter helveticus sp. nov., isolated from fruit powder.

    PubMed

    Stephan, Roger; Van Trappen, Stefanie; Cleenwerck, Ilse; Vancanneyt, Marc; De Vos, Paul; Lehner, Angelika

    2007-04-01

    Four Gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, non-spore-forming isolates of coccoid rods were obtained from fruit powder and investigated in a polyphasic taxonomic study. Comparative 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis allocated the isolates to the family Enterobacteriaceae. Their phylogenetic position within the family Enterobacteriaceae was confirmed by rpoB sequence analysis and as the highest rpoB sequence similarities were obtained with Enterobacter radicincitans, Enterobacter cowanii and Enterobacter sakazakii, the isolates clearly belong to the genus Enterobacter. Biochemical data revealed that the isolates can be separated into two distinct groups that represent two novel species, as confirmed by DNA-DNA hybridizations. The two novel species can be differentiated from their nearest neighbours by the following characteristics: the utilization of sucrose, D-sorbitol, putrescine and mucate, the hydrolysis of aesculin and a negative result in the Voges-Proskauer reaction. It is therefore proposed that these novel isolates are classified as Enterobacter turicensis sp. nov. (type strain 508/05(T)=LMG 23730(T)=DSM 18397(T)) and Enterobacter helveticus sp. nov. (type strain 513/05(T)=LMG 23732(T)=DSM 18396(T)).

  18. Acinetobacter sp. HM746599 isolated from leatherback turtle blood.

    PubMed

    Soslau, Gerald; Russell, Jacob A; Spotila, James R; Mathew, Andrew J; Bagsiyao, Pamela

    2011-09-01

    A newly described bacterial isolate, Acinetobacter sp. HM746599, has been obtained from leatherback sea turtle hatchling blood. The implication is that the hatchling was infected during development in the egg, which is substantiated by other studies to be reported by us in the future. The 16S rRNA gene sequence of the bacterium (GenBank accession number: HM746599) showed the greatest similarity to the identified species, Acinetobacter beijerinckii (97.6-99.78%) and Acinetobacter venetianus (99.78%). Acinetobacter sp. HM746599 are gram-negative, rod-shaped coccobacilli and are hemolytic/cytotoxic to human and sea turtle red blood cells (RBCs). Hemolysis is not the result of any detectable soluble toxin. Acinetobacter beijerinckii and A. venetianus hemolyze sheep RBCs while Acinetobacter sp. HM746599 does not, and unlike A. venetianus, the growth of Acinetobacter sp. HM746599 and A. beijerinckii is not supported by l-arginine. Many Acinetobacter species, especially hemolytic ones, are pathogenic to immunologically compromised humans and it is possible that, in addition to sea turtles, this bacterium might also be a danger to susceptible humans who handle infected hatchlings. The bacteria are available from CCUG (Culture Collection, University Gothenburg, Göteborg, Sweden) and from NRRL (Agricultural Research Service Culture Collection, Peoria, IL). © 2011 Federation of European Microbiological Societies. Published by Blackwell Publishing Ltd. All rights reserved.

  19. Lactobacillus ceti sp. nov., isolated from beaked whales (Ziphius cavirostris).

    PubMed

    Vela, A I; Fernandez, A; Espinosa de los Monteros, A; Goyache, J; Herraez, P; Tames, B; Cruz, F; Domínguez, L; Fernández-Garayzábal, J F

    2008-04-01

    Biochemical and molecular genetic studies were performed on three isolates of an unknown Gram-positive, catalase-negative and rod-shaped organism isolated from the lungs and liver of two beaked whales. The organisms were tentatively identified as Lactobacillus spp. based on cellular morphology and biochemical tests. 16S rRNA gene sequencing studies confirmed the provisional identification of the novel isolates as members of the genus Lactobacillus, but the isolates did not correspond to any recognized species of this genus. The novel strains shared the same phenotypic characteristics and exhibited 100 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity. The nearest phylogenetic relatives of the novel isolates were Lactobacillus satsumensis DSM 16230T (94.2 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity), Lactobacillus salivarius JCM 1047 (94.0 %), Lactobacillus nagelii ATCC 700692T (94.0 %) and Lactobacillus saerimneri DSM 16049T (93.8 %). The novel isolates could be distinguished from these species and other related species of the genus Lactobacillus by physiological and biochemical tests. On the basis of these phenotypic, physiological and phylogenetic findings, it is proposed that the new isolates from whales be classified as a novel species of the genus Lactobacillus, Lactobacillus ceti sp. nov. The type strain is 142-2T (=CECT 7185T=CCUG 53626T).

  20. Saccharothrix hoggarensis sp. nov., an actinomycete isolated from Saharan soil.

    PubMed

    Boubetra, Dalila; Zitouni, Abdelghani; Bouras, Noureddine; Mathieu, Florence; Lebrihi, Ahmed; Schumann, Peter; Spröer, Cathrin; Klenk, Hans-Peter; Sabaou, Nasserdine

    2013-02-01

    An actinomycete, designated SA181(T), was isolated from Saharan soil in the Hoggar region (south Algeria) and was characterized taxonomically by using a polyphasic approach. The morphological and chemotaxonomic characteristics of the isolate were consistent with the genus Saccharothrix, and 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis confirmed that strain SA181(T) was a novel member of the genus Saccharothrix. DNA-DNA hybridization values between strain SA181(T) and its closest phylogenetic neighbours, the type strains of Saccharothrix longispora, Saccharothrix texasensis and Saccharothrix xinjiangensis, were clearly below the 70 % threshold. The genotypic and phenotypic data showed that the isolate represents a novel species of the genus Saccharothrix, for which the name Saccharothrix hoggarensis sp. nov. is proposed, with the type strain SA181(T) ( = DSM 45457(T)  = CCUG 60214(T)).

  1. Flavobacterium koreense sp. nov., Flavobacterium chungnamense sp. nov., and Flavobacterium cheonanense sp. nov., isolated from a freshwater reservoir.

    PubMed

    Lee, Siwon; Weon, Hang-Yeon; Kim, Soo-Jin; Ahn, Tae-Young

    2011-06-01

    Taxonomic studies were performed on three strains isolated from Cheonho reservoir in Cheonan, Korea. The isolates were Gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped, non-motile, catalase-positive, and oxidase-positive. Colonies on solid media were cream-yellow, smooth, shiny, and circular. Phylogenetic analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that these strains belong to the genus Flavobacterium. The strains shared 98.6-99.4% sequence similarity with each other and showed less than 97% similarity with members of the genus Flavobacterium with validly published names. The DNA-DNA hybridization results confirmed the separate genomic status of strains ARSA-42(T), ARSA-103(T), and ARSA-108(T). The isolates contained menaqui-none-6 as the predominant menaquinone and iso-C(15:0), iso-C(15:0) 3-OH, iso-Ci(15:1) G, and iso-C(16:0) 3-OH as the major fatty acids. The genomic DNA G+C content of the isolates were 31.4-33.2 mol%. According to the phenotypic and genotypic data, these organisms are classified as representative of three novel species in the genus Flavobacterium, and the name Flavobacterium koreense sp. nov. (strain ARSA-42(T) =KCTC 23182(T) =JCM 17066(T) =KACC 14969(T)), Flavobacterium chungnamense sp. nov. (strain ARSA-103(T) =KCTC 23183(T) =JCM 17068(T) =KACC 14971(T)), and Flavobacterium cheonanense sp. nov. (strain ARSA-108(T) =KCTC 23184(T) =JCM 17069(T) =KACC 14972) are proposed.

  2. Streptococcus orisasini sp. nov. and Streptococcus dentasini sp. nov., isolated from the oral cavity of donkeys.

    PubMed

    Takada, Kazuko; Saito, Masanori; Tsudukibashi, Osamu; Hiroi, Takachika; Hirasawa, Masatomo

    2013-08-01

    Four Gram-positive, catalase-negative, coccoid isolates that were obtained from donkey oral cavities formed two distinct clonal groups when characterized by phenotypic and phylogenetic studies. From the results of biochemical tests, the organisms were tentatively identified as a streptococcal species. Comparative 16S rRNA gene sequencing studies confirmed the organisms to be members of the genus Streptococcus. Two of the isolates were related most closely to Streptococcus ursoris with 95.6 % similarity based on the 16S rRNA gene and to Streptococcus ratti with 92.0 % similarity based on the 60 kDa heat-shock protein gene (groEL). The other two isolates, however, were related to Streptococcus criceti with 95.0 and 89.0 % similarities based on the 16S rRNA and groEL genes, respectively. From both phylogenetic and phenotypic evidence, the four isolates formed two distinct clonal groups and are suggested to represent novel species of the genus Streptococcus. The names proposed for these organisms are Streptococcus orisasini sp. nov. (type strain NUM 1801(T) = JCM 17942(T) = DSM 25193(T)) and Streptococcus dentasini sp. nov. (type strain NUM 1808(T) = JCM 17943(T) = DSM 25137(T)).

  3. Paenibacillus pasadenensis sp. nov. and Paenibacillus barengoltzii sp. nov., isolated from a spacecraft assembly facility.

    PubMed

    Osman, Shariff; Satomi, Masataka; Venkateswaran, Kasthuri

    2006-07-01

    Two novel spore-forming, Gram-positive, mesophilic, heterotrophic bacteria representing two novel species were isolated from the Jet Propulsion Laboratory Spacecraft Assembly Facility (JPL-SAF) at Pasadena, CA, USA. The incidence of similar strains was examined by screening the growing collection of isolates ( approximately 400 strains) obtained from the JPL-SAF using species-specific PCR primer sets designed from the 16S rRNA gene sequences of strains SAFN-016(T) and SAFN-007(T). Phylogenetic analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequences placed these novel isolates within the genus Paenibacillus. Two strains, SAFN-016(T) and SAFN-125, shared 98 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity with Paenibacillus timonensis and 97 % similarity with Paenibacillus macerans. Strain SAFN-007(T) showed 95.2 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity with Paenibacillus kobensis, its nearest phylogenetic neighbour. The results of DNA-DNA hybridization, physiological tests and biochemical analysis allowed genotypic and phenotypic differentiation of the isolates from currently recognized Paenibacillus species. Strain SAFN-007(T) and strains SAFN-016(T) and SAFN-125 are representatives of two separate novel species, for which the names Paenibacillus pasadenensis sp. nov. (type strain SAFN-007(T)=ATCC BAA-1211(T)=NBRC 101214(T)) and Paenibacillus barengoltzii sp. nov. (type strain SAFN-016(T)=ATCC BAA-1209(T)=NBRC 101215(T)) are proposed.

  4. Psychrobacter cryohalolentis sp. nov. and Psychrobacter arcticus sp. nov., isolated from Siberian permafrost.

    PubMed

    Bakermans, Corien; Ayala-del-Río, Héctor L; Ponder, Monica A; Vishnivetskaya, Tatiana; Gilichinsky, David; Thomashow, Michael F; Tiedje, James M

    2006-06-01

    Three Gram-negative, non-motile, non-pigmented, oxidase-positive coccobacilli capable of growth at temperatures from -10 to 30 degrees C and salinities of 0 to 1.7 M NaCl were isolated from Siberian permafrost and characterized. Both 16S rRNA and gyrB gene sequencing studies placed the isolates in the Gammaproteobacteria within the genus Psychrobacter. However, with higher bootstrap values and reproducible tree topologies, gyrB represented a more reliable phylogenetic marker for the taxonomy of Psychrobacter species. DNA-DNA hybridization data supported gyrB tree topologies and established two relatedness groups within the three isolates; neither of these groups was related at the species level to any previously described Psychrobacter species. The two groups of isolates could be differentiated phenotypically from 13 previously described Psychrobacter species using API strips. These results support the existence of two novel species of Psychrobacter, for which we propose the names Psychrobacter cryohalolentis sp. nov. (type strain K5(T) = DSM 17306(T) = VKM B-2378(T)) and Psychrobacter arcticus sp. nov. (type strain 273-4(T) = DSM 17307(T) = VKM B-2377(T)).

  5. Novel linear megaplasmid from Brevibacterium sp. isolated from extreme environment.

    PubMed

    Dib, Julián Rafael; Wagenknecht, Martin; Hill, Russell T; Farías, María Eugenia; Meinhardt, Friedhelm

    2010-06-01

    Brevibacterium sp. Ap13, isolated from flamingo's feces in Laguna Aparejos, a high-altitude lake located at approximately 4,200 m in the northwest of Argentina was previously found to be resistant to multiple antibiotics, and was therefore screened for plasmids that may be implicated in antibiotic resistance. Brevibacterium sp. Ap13 was found to contain two plasmids of approximately 87 and 436 kb, designated pAP13 and pAP13c, respectively. Only pAP13 was stably maintained and was extensively characterized by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis to reveal that this plasmid is linear and likely has covalently linked terminal proteins associated with its 5' ends. This is the first report of a linear plasmid in the genus Brevibacterium and may provide a new tool for genetic manipulation of this commercially important genus.

  6. Cryptococcus mujuensis sp. nov. and Cryptococcus cuniculi sp. nov., basidiomycetous yeasts isolated from wild rabbit faeces.

    PubMed

    Shin, Kee-Sun; Oh, Hee-Mock; Park, Yong-Ha; Lee, Kang Hyun; Poo, Haryoung; Kwon, Gi-Seok; Kwon, O-Yu

    2006-09-01

    Two previously undescribed anamorphic yeasts, strains T-11(T) and T-26(T), recovered from wild rabbit faecal pellets collected in Muju, Korea, were identified using phenotypic and molecular taxonomic methods. The isolates were characterized by the proliferation of budding cells, positive diazonium blue B and urease reactions, the presence of Q-10 as the major ubiquinone, the presence of xylose in whole-cell hydrolysates and the inability to ferment sugars. Phylogenetic analyses based on 26S rRNA gene partial sequences revealed that strain T-11(T) was located in the Bulleromyces clade and was related to Sirobasidium intermedium, Tremella exigua, Cryptococcus cellulolyticus and Bullera pseudoalba. Strain T-26(T) was located in the Mesenterica clade and was closely related to Cryptococcus sp. F6 and Cryptococcus heveanensis CBS 8976. Sequence divergence values of more than 4 % from other described Cryptococcus species, together with the phenotypic differences, showed that the isolated yeasts represent previously unrecognized members of this genus. Therefore, two novel yeast species are proposed: Cryptococcus mujuensis sp. nov., with strain T-11(T) (=KCTC 17231(T)=CBS 10308(T)) as the type strain, and Cryptococcus cuniculi sp. nov., with strain T-26(T) (=KCTC 17232(T)=CBS 10309(T)) as the type strain.

  7. Flavobacterium ceti sp. nov., isolated from beaked whales (Ziphius cavirostris).

    PubMed

    Vela, A I; Fernandez, A; Sánchez-Porro, C; Sierra, E; Mendez, M; Arbelo, M; Ventosa, A; Domínguez, L; Fernández-Garayzábal, J F

    2007-11-01

    Three isolates of a Gram-negative, catalase- and oxidase-positive, rod-shaped bacterium, isolated from the lung and liver of two beaked whales, were characterized by phenotypic and molecular genetic methods. Based on cellular morphology and biochemical criteria, the isolates were tentatively assigned to the family Flavobacteriaceae, although they did not appear to correspond to any recognized species. Comparative 16S rRNA gene sequencing showed that the three new isolates shared 100% sequence similarity. The unknown bacterium was phylogenetically closely related to, but distinct from the type strains of Flavobacterium johnsoniae (93.7% sequence similarity), Flavobacterium frigidimaris (93.4%), Flavobacterium aquidurense (93.4%), Flavobacterium hibernum (93.4%) and Flavobacterium degerlachei (93.4%). The novel isolates were readily distinguished from these and other related Flavobacterium species by physiological and biochemical tests. On the basis of phenotypic and phylogenetic evidence, it is proposed that the unknown isolates from whales are classified as a novel species of the genus Flavobacterium, Flavobacterium ceti sp. nov. The type strain is 454-2T (=CECT 7184T=CCUG 52969T).

  8. Micromonospora equina sp. nov., isolated from soil from a racecourse.

    PubMed

    Everest, Gareth J; Meyers, Paul R

    2013-03-01

    Two actinomycete strains were isolated from within the fynbos-rich area surrounded by the horseracing track at Kenilworth Racecourse in Cape Town, South Africa. Rapid molecular identification indicated that the isolates belonged to the family Micromonosporaceae. Based on 16S rRNA gene sequence blast analysis, the isolates were identified as members of the genus Micromonospora. Phylogenetic analysis showed that the isolates clustered with each other and were most closely related to Micromonospora viridifaciens DSM 43909(T). Further 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis using EzTaxon revealed that the isolates are closely related to Micromonospora auratinigra TT1-11(T), Micromonospora chaiyaphumensis MC5-1(T), Micromonospora eburnea LK2-10(T), Micromonospora nigra DSM 43818(T) and Micromonospora olivasterospora DSM 43868(T). DNA-DNA hybridization and physiological tests allowed genotypic and phenotypic differentiation of both isolates from related species; however, their high DNA-DNA relatedness showed that they belong to the same genomic species. Strain Y22(T) ( = DSM 45644(T) = NRRL B-24859(T)) was selected as the type strain to represent this novel species, for which the name Micromonospora equina sp. nov. is proposed.

  9. Zygosaccharomyces sapae sp. nov., isolated from Italian traditional balsamic vinegar.

    PubMed

    Solieri, Lisa; Chand Dakal, Tikam; Giudici, Paolo

    2013-01-01

    Fourteen yeast isolates were recovered from two traditional balsamic vinegar (TBV) samples collected in the provinces of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Italy. Microsatellite-primed-PCR (MSP-PCR) was used to de-replicate the isolate collection into two representative strains, ABT301(T) and ABT601. Phylogenetic analysis based on the D1/D2 domains of the 26S rRNA gene indicated that these strains represented a distinct species of the genus Zygosaccharomyces, closely related to Zygosaccharomyces rouxii and Zygosaccharomyces mellis. Physiological and morphological tests supported the recognition of a novel taxon of halotolerant, osmotolerant, non-psychrotolerant and maltose-fermentation-negative yeasts showing a chain or star-shaped pattern of budding cells, which remained attached to each other. Morphological observations offered evidence of ascospore formation. A novel species, Zygosaccharomyces sapae sp. nov., is proposed to accommodate these strains, with strain ABT301(T) (= CBS 12607(T) = MUCL 54092(T)) as the type strain. Based on D1/D2 domain phylogenetic analysis, the novel strains shared the highest sequence similarity (100 %) with Zygosaccharomyces sp. strain NCYC 3042, previously isolated from sugar [James, S. A., Bond, C. J., Stratford, M. & Roberts, I. N. (2005). FEMS Yeast Res 5, 747-755]. However, based on phylogenetic (internal transcribed spacers, ITS), PCR fingerprinting and physiological analyses, marked differences were observed between the novel species and strain NCYC 3042, and these results are discussed in more detail.

  10. Ogataea ganodermae sp. nov., a methanol-assimilating yeast species isolated from basidiocarps of Ganoderma sp.

    PubMed

    Ji, Zhao-Hui; Bai, Feng-Yan

    2008-06-01

    Three methanol-utilizing yeast strains were isolated from basidiocarps of Ganoderma sp. collected from a tree trunk in Mangshan Mountain, Hunan Province, southern China. These strains formed hat-shaped ascospores in unconjugated and deliquescent asci. Sequence analysis of the large-subunit rRNA gene D1/D2 domain and internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region, electrophoretic karyotype comparison and phenotypic characterization demonstrated that the three strains represent a novel species of the genus Ogataea, which is described as Ogataea ganodermae sp. nov. (type strain SHS 2.1(T) =CGMCC AS 2.3435(T) =CBS 10646(T)). Phylogenetically, the novel species was closely related to Ogataea pini and Ogataea henricii. The latter two taxa with similar D1/D2 sequences were confirmed to represent separate species by ITS sequence and electrophoretic karyotype comparisons.

  11. Halogenated Cyclic Peptides Isolated From the Sponge Corticium sp

    PubMed Central

    Laird, Damian W.; LaBarbera, Daniel V.; Feng, Xidong; Bugni, Tim S.; Harper, Mary Kay; Ireland, Chris M.

    2008-01-01

    Fractionation of two Fijian specimens of the sponge Corticium sp., led to the isolation of the known active alkaloid steroid plakinamine A and two new halogenated cyclic peptides, corticiamide A (1) and cyclocinamide B (2). Structural elucidation of 1 and 2 was achieved by an extensive combination of high field NMR and HRFT MS/MS experiments, and the absolute stereochemistry of 2 was determined by acid hydrolysis and Marfey’s analysis. Corticiamide A (1) and cyclocinamide B (2) represent the first peptides to be described from the genus Corticium. PMID:17391049

  12. Burkholderia humisilvae sp. nov., Burkholderia solisilvae sp. nov. and Burkholderia rhizosphaerae sp. nov., isolated from forest soil and rhizosphere soil.

    PubMed

    Lee, Jae-Chan; Whang, Kyung-Sook

    2015-09-01

    Strains Y-12(T) and Y-47(T) were isolated from mountain forest soil and strain WR43(T) was isolated from rhizosphere soil, at Daejeon, Korea. The three strains grew at 10-55 °C (optimal growth at 28-30 °C), at pH 3.0-8.0 (optimal growth at pH 6.0) and in the presence of 0-4.0% (w/v) NaCl, growing optimally in the absence of added NaCl. On the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, the three strains were found to belong to the genus Burkholderia, showing the closest phylogenetic similarity to Burkholderia diazotrophica JPY461(T) (97.2-97.7%); the similarity between the three sequences ranged from 98.3 to 98.7%. Additionally, the three strains formed a distinct group in phylogenetic trees based on the housekeeping genes recA and gyrB. The predominant ubiquinone was Q-8, the major fatty acids were C16 : 0 and C17  : 0 cyclo and the DNA G+C content of the novel isolates was 61.6-64.4 mol%. DNA-DNA relatedness among the three strains and the type strains of the closest species of the genus Burkholderia was less than 50%. On the basis of 16S rRNA, recA and gyrB gene sequence similarities, chemotaxonomic and phenotypic data, the three strains represent three novel species within the genus Burkholderia, for which the names Burkholderia humisilvae sp. nov. (type strain Y-12(T)= KACC 17601(T) = NBRC 109933(T) = NCAIM B 02543(T)), Burkholderia solisilvae sp. nov. (type strain Y-47(T) = KACC 17602(T)= NBRC 109934(T) = NCAIM B 02539(T)) and Burkholderia rhizosphaerae sp. nov. (type strain WR43(T) = KACC 17603(T) = NBRC 109935(T) = NCAIM B 02541(T)) are proposed.

  13. Five novel Wickerhamomyces- and Metschnikowia-related yeast species, Wickerhamomyces chaumierensis sp. nov., Candida pseudoflosculorum sp. nov., Candida danieliae sp. nov., Candida robnettiae sp. nov. and Candida eppingiae sp. nov., isolated from plants.

    PubMed

    Groenewald, Marizeth; Robert, Vincent; Smith, Maudy Th

    2011-08-01

    On the basis of nucleotide divergences in the D1/D2 domain of the 26S rRNA gene and the internal transcribed spacers (ITS) domain of the rRNA gene, five novel yeast species, Wickerhamomyces chaumierensis sp. nov. (CBS 8565(T)  = JCM 17246(T)), Candida pseudoflosculorum sp. nov. (CBS 8584(T)  = JCM 17242(T)), Candida danieliae sp. nov. (CBS 8533(T)  = JCM 17247(T)), Candida robnettiae sp. nov. (CBS 8580(T)  = JCM 17243(T)) and Candida eppingiae sp. nov. (CBS 8586(T)  = JCM 17241(T)), isolated from plants in Thailand and Guyana, are proposed in this study.

  14. Legionella tunisiensis sp. nov. and Legionella massiliensis sp. nov., isolated from environmental water samples.

    PubMed

    Campocasso, Angélique; Boughalmi, Mondher; Fournous, Ghislain; Raoult, Didier; La Scola, Bernard

    2012-12-01

    Two isolates of intra-amoeba-growing bacteria, LegA(T) ( = DSM 24804(T) = CSUR P146(T)) and LegM(T) ( = DSM 24805(T) = CSUR P145(T)), were characterized on the basis of microscopic appearance, staining characteristics, axenic growth at different temperatures and the sequences of the mip, rpoB, 16S rRNA and rnpb genes, as well as the 23S-5S region. Phylogenetic analysis showed that these two isolates lay within the radius of the family Legionellaceae. Furthermore, the analysis of these genes yielded congruent data that indicated that, although strain LegM(T) clusters specifically with Legionella feeleii ATCC 35072(T) and LegA(T) clusters with Legionella nautarum ATCC 49596(T), the divergence observed between these species was greater than that observed between other members of the family. Taken together, these results support the proposal that these two isolates represent novel members of the genus Legionella, and we propose to name them Legionella tunisiensis sp. nov. for LegM(T) ( = DSM 24805(T) = CSUR P145(T)) and Legionella massiliensis sp. nov. for LegA(T) ( = DSM 24804(T) = CSUR P146(T)).

  15. Streptacidiphilus durhamensis sp. nov., isolated from a spruce forest soil.

    PubMed

    Golinska, Patrycja; Ahmed, Lina; Wang, Dylan; Goodfellow, Michael

    2013-08-01

    The taxonomic position of three acidophilic actinobacteria, strains FGG38, FGG39 and FSCA67(T), isolated from the fermentation litter layer of a spruce forest soil was established using a polyphasic approach. The strains were shown to have chemotaxonomic and morphological properties consistent with their classification in the genus Streptacidiphilus and formed a distinct phyletic line in the Streptacidiphilus 16S rRNA gene tree being most closely related to Streptacidiphilus albus DSM 41753(T) (99.4 % similarity). DNA:DNA relatedness data showed that isolate FSCA67(T) and the type strain of S. albus belonged to markedly distinct genomic species. The isolates had many phenotypic properties in common and were distinguished readily from their closest phylogenetic neighbours in the Streptacidiphilus gene tree using a broad range of these features. Based on the combined genotypic and phenotypic data the three isolates are considered to represent a new Streptacidiphilus species. The name Streptacidiphilus durhamensis sp. nov. is proposed for this taxon with isolate FSCA67(T) (=DSM 45796(T) = KACC 17154(T) = NCIMB 14828(T)) [corrected] as the type strain.

  16. Actinospica durhamensis sp. nov., isolated from a spruce forest soil.

    PubMed

    Golinska, Patrycja; Zucchi, Tiago Domingues; Silva, Leonardo; Dahm, Hanna; Goodfellow, Michael

    2015-08-01

    Seven acidophilic actinobacteria isolated from humus and mineral layers of a spruce forest soil were examined using a polyphasic approach. Chemotaxonomic properties of the isolates were found to be consistent with their classification in the genus Actinospica. The strains formed a distinct phyletic line in the Actinospica 16S rRNA gene tree being most closely related to Actinospica robiniae DSM 44927(T) (98.7-99.3 % similarity). DNA:DNA relatedness between isolate CSCA57(T) and the type strain of A. robiniae was found to be low at 40.8 (±6.6) %. The isolates were shown to have many phenotypic properties in common and were distinguished readily from the type strains of Actinospica acidiphila and A. robiniae using a range of phenotypic features. On the basis of these data the seven isolates were considered to represent a new species for which the name Actinospica durhamensis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain of the species is CSCA 57(T) (=DSM 46820(T) = NCIMB 14953(T)).

  17. Streptomyces mangrovi sp. nov., isolated from mangrove forest sediment.

    PubMed

    Yousif, Ghada; Busarakam, Kanungnid; Kim, Byung-Yong; Goodfellow, Michael

    2015-09-01

    A Streptomyces strain isolated from a mangrove sediment was classified using a polyphasic approach. The organism, isolate GY1(T), was found to have chemical and morphological properties typical of members of the genus Streptomyces. The isolate was shown to form a distinct phyletic line within the Streptomyces radiopugnans 16S rRNA gene subclade and to be closely related to the type strain of Streptomyces fenhuangensis (98.7 % similarity). It is also closely related to the type strain of Streptomyces bakulensis which was also closely related to members of the Streptomyces glaucosporus 16S rRNA gene subclade. Isolate GY1(T) was distinguished readily from the S. barkulensis type strain and from species classified in the S. radiopugnans clade using a combination of morphological and physiological properties, including a requirement for seawater for growth. Based on the genotypic and phenotypic data, it is proposed that isolate GY1(T) (=NCIMB 14980(T), NRRL B-69296(T)) be classified in the genus Streptomyces as Streptomyces mangrovi sp. nov.

  18. Sanguibacter antarcticus sp. nov., isolated from Antarctic sea sand.

    PubMed

    Hong, Soon Gyu; Lee, Yoo Kyung; Yim, Joung Han; Chun, Jongsik; Lee, Hong Kum

    2008-01-01

    A Gram-positive, yellow-pigmented bacterium, strain KOPRI 21702(T), was isolated from sea sand on King George Island, Antarctica. Cells were irregular rods with peritrichous flagella; their optimum growth temperature was 23-26 degrees C. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that the Antarctic isolate formed a distinct phyletic line in a clade of the genus Sanguibacter and showed highest sequence similarity (97.7%) to the type strain of Sanguibacter keddieii. The major isoprenoid quinone, predominant cellular fatty acids and DNA G+C content were consistent with placement of the Antarctic isolate in the genus Sanguibacter. Phylogenetic analysis and differences in physiological and biochemical characteristics between strain KOPRI 21702(T) and the four recognized Sanguibacter species indicate that the isolate represents a novel species of this genus. The name Sanguibacter antarcticus sp. nov. (type strain KOPRI 21702(T) =KCTC 13143(T) =JCM 14623(T) =DSM 18966(T)) is proposed for this isolate.

  19. Penicillium koreense sp. nov., isolated from various soils in Korea.

    PubMed

    You, Young-Hyun; Cho, Hye Sun; Song, Jaekyeong; Kim, Dae-Ho; Houbraken, Jos; Hong, Seung-Beom

    2014-12-28

    During an investigation of the fungal diversity of Korean soils, four Penicillium strains could not be assigned to any described species. The strains formed monoverticillate conidiophores with occasionally a divaricate branch. The conidia were smooth or finely rough-walled, globose to broadly ellipsoidal and 2.5-3.5 × 2.0-3.0 μm in size. Their taxonomic novelty was determined using partial β-tubulin gene sequences and the ribosomal internal transcribed spacer region. The phylogenetic analysis showed that the isolates belonged to section Lanata- Divaricata and were most closely related to Penicillium raperi. Phenotypically, the strains differed from P. raperi in having longer and thicker stipes and thicker phialides. Strain KACC 47721(T) from bamboo field soil was designated as the type strain of the new species, and the species was named Penicillium koreense sp. nov., as it was isolated from various regions in Korea.

  20. Actinomadura xylanilytica sp. nov., an actinomycete isolated from soil.

    PubMed

    Zucchi, Tiago Domingues; Kim, Byung-Yong; Bonda, Avinash Naga Venkata; Goodfellow, Michael

    2013-02-01

    The taxonomic position of a soil isolate, strain BK147(T), was established using data from a polyphasic study. The organism showed a combination of chemotaxonomic and morphological characteristics consistent with its classification in the genus Actinomadura. It formed a distinct phyletic line in the phylogenetic tree based on 16S rRNA gene sequences of members of the genus Actinomadura and was most closely, albeit loosely, related to Actinomadura bangladeshensis DSM 45347(T), Actinomadura meyerae DSM 44715(T) and Actinomadura napierensis NRRL B-24319(T) but was readily distinguished from these strains using a range of phenotypic properties. Based on the combined genotypic and phenotypic data it is proposed that isolate BK147(T) ( = KACC 20919(T) = NCIMB 14771(T) = NRRL B-24852(T)) be classified as the type strain of a novel species of the genus Actinomadura, for which the name Actinomadura xylanilytica sp. nov. is proposed.

  1. Lactobacillus paracollinoides sp. nov., isolated from brewery environments.

    PubMed

    Suzuki, Koji; Funahashi, Wataru; Koyanagi, Masahiro; Yamashita, Hiroshi

    2004-01-01

    Three novel strains isolated from brewery environments are described. These strains were Gram-positive, facultatively anaerobic, heterofermentative rods that did not exhibit catalase activity. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity showed that these strains belong to the genus Lactobacillus and are most closely related to Lactobacillus collinoides (approximately 99% similarity). The novel strains could be differentiated from L. collinoides on the basis of DNA-DNA relatedness, differences in beer-spoilage ability and the inability to utilize D-fructose. These isolates represent a novel species, for which the name Lactobacillus paracollinoides sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is LA2T (=DSM 15502T=JCM 11969T).

  2. Saturnispora bothae sp. nov., isolated from rotting wood.

    PubMed

    Morais, Camila G; Lara, Carla A; Borelli, Beatriz M; Cadete, Raquel M; Moreira, Juliana D; Lachance, Marc-André; Rosa, Carlos A

    2016-10-01

    Two strains representing a novel species of the genus Saturnispora were isolated from rotting wood samples collected in an Atlantic Rainforest site in Brazil. Analyses of the sequences of the D1/D2 domains of the rRNA gene showed that this novel species belongs to a subclade in the Saturnispora clade formed by Saturnispora sanitii, Saturnispora sekii, Saturnispora silvae and Saturnisporasuwanaritii. The novel species differed in D1/D2 sequences by 60 or more nucleotide substitutions from these species. The strains produced asci with one to four hemispherical ascospores. A novel species named Saturnispora bothae sp. nov. is proposed to accommodate these isolates. The type strain is UFMG-CM-Y292T (=CBS 13484T). The MycoBank number is MB 817127.

  3. Prevotella aurantiaca sp. nov., isolated from the human oral cavity.

    PubMed

    Sakamoto, Mitsuo; Suzuki, Natsuko; Okamoto, Masaaki

    2010-03-01

    Two anaerobic, pigmented, non-spore-forming, Gram-stain-negative, rod-shaped strains isolated from the human oral cavity, OMA31(T) and OMA130, were characterized by determining their phenotypic and biochemical features, cellular fatty acid profiles and phylogenetic positions based on 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis showed that the new isolates belonged to a single species of the genus Prevotella. The two isolates showed 100 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity with each other and were most closely related to Prevotella intermedia ATCC 25611(T) with 96.4 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity; the next most closely related strains to the isolates were Prevotella pallens AHN 10371(T) (96.1 %) and Prevotella falsenii JCM 15124(T) (95.3 %). Phenotypic and biochemical characteristics of the isolates were the same as those of P. intermedia JCM 12248(T), P. falsenii JCM 15124(T) and Prevotella nigrescens JCM 12250(T). The isolates could be differentiated from P. pallens JCM 11140( T) by mannose fermentation and alpha-fucosidase activity. Conventional biochemical tests were unable to differentiate the new isolates from P. intermedia, P. falsenii and P. nigrescens. However, hsp60 gene sequence analysis suggested that strain OMA31(T) was not a representative of P. intermedia, P. pallens, P. falsenii or P. nigrescens. Based on these data, a novel species of the genus Prevotella, Prevotella aurantiaca sp. nov., is proposed, with OMA31(T) (=JCM 15754(T)=CCUG 57723(T)) as the type strain.

  4. Genome sequence of Sphingomonas sp. strain PAMC 26621, an Arctic-lichen-associated bacterium isolated from a Cetraria sp.

    PubMed

    Lee, Hyoungseok; Shin, Seung Chul; Lee, Jungeun; Kim, Su Jin; Kim, Bum-Keun; Hong, Soon Gyu; Kim, Eun Hye; Park, Hyun

    2012-06-01

    The lichen-associated bacterial strain Sphingomonas sp. PAMC 26621 was isolated from an Arctic lichen Cetraria sp. on Svalbard Islands. Here we report the draft genome sequence of this strain, which could provide novel insights into the molecular principles of lichen-microbe interactions.

  5. Description of Endozoicomonas ascidiicola sp. nov., isolated from Scandinavian ascidians.

    PubMed

    Schreiber, Lars; Kjeldsen, Kasper Urup; Obst, Matthias; Funch, Peter; Schramm, Andreas

    2016-07-01

    Two gram-negative, facultative anaerobic, chemoorganoheterotrophic, motile and rod-shaped bacteria, strains AVMART05(T) and KASP37, were isolated from ascidians (Tunicata, Ascidiaceae) of the genus Ascidiella collected at Gullmarsfjord, Sweden. The strains are the first cultured representatives of an ascidian-specific lineage within the genus Endozoicomonas (Gammaproteobacteria, Oceanospirillales, Hahellaceae). Both strains feature three distinct 16S rRNA gene paralogs, with identities of 98.9-99.1% (AVMART05(T)) and 97.7-98.8% (KASP37) between paralogs. The strains are closely related to Endozoicomonas atrinae and Endozoicomonas elysicola, with which they share 97.3-98.0% 16S rRNA gene sequence identity. Digital DNA-DNA hybridization, average nucleotide identity, and tetra-nucleotide correlation analysis indicate that both strains belong to a single species distinct from their closest relatives. Both strains feature similar DNA G+C contents of 46.70mol% (AVMART05(T)) and 44.64mol% (KASP37). The fatty acid patterns of AVMART05(T) and KASP37 are most similar to those of Endozoicomonas euniceicola and Endozoicomonas gorgoniicola. Based on the polyphasic approach, we propose the species Endozoicomonas ascidiicola sp. nov. to accommodate the newly isolated strains. E. ascidiicola sp. nov. is represented by the type strain AVMART05(T) (=DSM 100913(T)=LMG 29095(T)) and strain KASP37 (=DSM 100914=LMG 29096). Copyright © 2016 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.

  6. Denitrification ability of rhizobial strains isolated from Lotus sp.

    PubMed

    Monza, Jorge; Irisarri, Pilar; Díaz, Pedro; Delgado, Ma Jesús; Mesa, Socorro; Bedmar, Eulogio J

    2006-01-01

    Ten rhizobial strains isolated from Lotus sp. have been characterized by their ability to denitrify. Out of the 10 strains, the five slow-growing isolates grew well under oxygen-limiting conditions with nitrate as a sole nitrogen source, and accumulated nitrous oxide in the growth medium when acetylene was used to inhibit nitrous oxide reductase activity. All five strains contained DNA homologous to the Bradyrhizobium japonicum nirK, norBDQ and nosZ genes. In contrast, fast-growing lotus rhizobia were incapable of growing under nitrate-respiring conditions, and did not accumulate nitrous oxide in the growth medium. DNA from each of the five fast-growing strains showed a hybridization band with the B. japonicum nirK gene but not with norBDQ and nosZ genes. Partial 16S rDNA gene sequencing revealed that fast-growing strains could be identified as Mesorhizobium loti species and the slow-growers as Bradyrhizobium sp.

  7. Bacteroides clarus sp. nov., Bacteroides fluxus sp. nov. and Bacteroides oleiciplenus sp. nov., isolated from human faeces.

    PubMed

    Watanabe, Yohei; Nagai, Fumiko; Morotomi, Masami; Sakon, Hiroshi; Tanaka, Ryuichiro

    2010-08-01

    Three Gram-stain-negative, obligately anaerobic, non-spore-forming, rod-shaped bacteria (strains YIT 12056T, YIT 12057T and YIT 12058T) were isolated from human faeces. These strains were characterized by phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequence and phenotypic tests. 16S rRNA gene sequence analyses revealed that strains YIT 12056T, YIT 12057T and YIT 12058T were most closely related to the type strains of Bacteroides gallinarum, Bacteroides uniformis and Bacteroides intestinalis with approximate similarity values of 96.6, 95.0 and 96.7%, respectively. The DNA G+C contents of the novel strains were 45.3 (YIT 12056T), 45.2 (YIT 12057T) and 43.6 mol% (YIT 12058T) and the major respiratory quinones of all three isolates were menaquinones MK-10 and MK-11. These properties were typical for members of the genus Bacteroides. The results of the other phenotypic analyses also supported the affiliation of these strains to the genus Bacteroides. The 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, analysis of the major cellular fatty acids and other biochemical tests enabled the genotypic and phenotypic differentiation of the three new strains. Based on these data, three novel species, Bacteroides clarus sp. nov., Bacteroides fluxus sp. nov. and Bacteroides oleiciplenus sp. nov. are proposed. The type strains of B. clarus, B. fluxus and B. oleiciplenus are YIT 12056T (=JCM 16067T=DSM 22519T), YIT 12057T (=JCM 16101T=DSM 22534T) and YIT 12058T (=JCM 16102T=DSM 22535T), respectively.

  8. Microbispora bryophytorum sp. nov., an actinomycete isolated from moss (Bryophyta).

    PubMed

    Li, Chuang; Zhang, Yuejing; Liu, Chongxi; Wang, Haiyan; Zhao, Junwei; Li, Lianjie; Zhang, Zhongwen; Wang, Xiangjing; Xiang, Wensheng

    2015-04-01

    A novel endophytic actinomycete, designated strain NEAU-TX2-2(T), was isolated from moss and characterized using a polyphasic approach. The isolate was found to have morphological characteristics typical of the genus Microbispora . The isolate formed longitudinally paired spores on the tips of short sporophores that branched from aerial hyphae. Analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequence supported the assignment of the novel strain to the genus Microbispora , and strain NEAU-TX2-2(T) exhibited 99.08 and 98.62% gene sequence similarities to Microbispora amethystogenes JCM 3021(T) and Microbispora rosea subsp. rosea JCM 3006(T), respectively. However two tree-making algorithms supported the position that strain NEAU-TX2-2(T) formed a distinct clade with M. rosea subsp. rosea JCM 3006(T). A low level of DNA-DNA relatedness allowed the isolate to be differentiated from M. amethystogenes JCM 3021(T) and M. rosea subsp. rosea JCM 3006(T). Moreover, strain NEAU-TX2-2(T) could also be distinguished from its closest phylogenetic relatives by morphological and physiological characteristics. Therefore, it is proposed that strain NEAU-TX2-2(T) represents a novel species of the genus Microbispora for which the name Microbispora bryophytorum sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is NEAU-TX2-2(T) ( = CGMCC 4.7138(T) = DSM 46710(T)).

  9. Belliella kenyensis sp. nov., isolated from an alkaline lake.

    PubMed

    Akhwale, Juliah Khayeli; Göker, Markus; Rohde, Manfred; Schumann, Peter; Klenk, Hans-Peter; Boga, Hamadi Iddi

    2015-02-01

    A red-pigmented, Gram-reaction-negative, aerobic bacterial strain, designated No.164(T), was isolated from sediment sample from the alkaline Lake Elmenteita located in the Kenyan Rift Valley. Results of 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis indicated that the isolate represented a member of the genus Belliella, with the highest sequence similarity (97 %) to Belliella pelovolcani DSM 46698(T). Optimal growth temperature was 30-35 °C, at pH 7.0-12.0 in the presence of 0-4 % (w/v) NaCl. Flexirubins were absent. The respiratory menaquinone (MK-7), predominant cellular fatty acids (iso-C15 : 0, anteiso-C15 : 0 and a mixture of C16 : 1ω7c and/or iso-C15 : 0 2-OH) and DNA G+C content (38.1 mol%) of strain No.164(T) were consistent with those of other members of the genus Belliella. The polar lipids consisted of phosphatidylethanolamine, eight unspecified lipids and one unspecified phospholipid. Several phenotypic characteristics can be used to differentiate this isolate from those of other species of the genus Belliella. The results of polyphasic analyses presented in this study indicated that this isolate should be classified as representing a novel species of the genus Belliella. The name Belliella kenyensis sp. nov. is therefore proposed; the type strain is strain No.164(T) ( = DSM 46651(T) = CECT 8551(T)).

  10. Dyadobacter tibetensis sp. nov., isolated from glacial ice core.

    PubMed

    Shen, Liang; Liu, Yongqin; Yao, Tandong; Wang, Ninglian; Xu, Baiqing; Jiao, Nianzhi; Liu, Hongcan; Zhou, Yuguang; Liu, Xiaobo; Wang, Yanan

    2013-10-01

    A Gram-stain-negative, rod-shaped, aerobic, non-motile bacterium, designated Y620-1(T), was isolated from a glacier on the Tibetan Plateau, China. The 16S rRNA gene sequence of the novel isolate shared 93.6-95.1 % similarity with type strains of species of the genus Dyadobacter. The major fatty acids of strain Y620-1(T) were summed feature 3 (C16 : 1ω7c and/or iso-C15 : 0 2-OH), iso-C15 : 0, C16 : 1ω5c and iso-C17 : 0 3-OH. The predominant isoprenoid quinone and polar lipid were MK-7 and phosphatidylethanolamine (PE), respectively. The DNA G+C content was 44.4±0.3 mol% (Tm). Flexirubin-type pigment was produced. The novel isolate was classified in the genus Dyadobacter, but a number of phenotypic characteristics distinguished the novel isolate from type strains of species of the genus Dyadobacter. From these genotypic and phenotypic data, it is evident that strain Y620-1(T) represents a novel species of the genus Dyadobacter, for which the name Dyadobacter tibetensis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is Y620-1(T) ( = JCM 18589(T) = CGMCC 1.12215(T)).

  11. Flavobacterium cheonhonense sp. nov., isolated from a freshwater reservoir.

    PubMed

    Lee, Siwon; Oh, Jung-Hwan; Weon, Hang-Yeon; Ahn, Tae-Young

    2012-08-01

    A novel bacterium, designated strain ARSA-15(T), was isolated from a freshwater sample collected from the Cheonho reservoir, Cheonan, Republic of Korea. The isolate was deep-yellow pigment, Gram-negative, rod-shaped, non-motile, and catalase- and oxidase-positive. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that the isolate belongs to the genus Flavobacterium, and shared less than 97% sequence similarity with recognized Flavobacterium species. The novel species was able to grow at 10-37°C, pH 6.5-10.0, and in 0-0.5% (w/v) NaCl concentrations. Chemotaxonomically, iso-C(15:1), iso-C(15:0), and iso-C(16:0) were observed to be the predominant cellular fatty acid, and menaquinone-6 (MK-6) was the predominant respiratory quinone. The major polar lipid patterns of strain ARSA-19(T) was phosphatidylethanolamine, unknown aminolipid (AL1 and AL2), and unidentified polar lipids (L1, L2, and L3). The genomic DNA G+C content of the isolate was 39.2 mol%. On the basis of polyphasic approach, strain ARSA-15(T) represents a novel species of the genus Flavobacterium, for which the name Flavobacterium cheonhonense sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is ARSA-15(T) (=KACC 14967(T) =KCTC 23180(T) =JCM 17064(T)).

  12. Rhodococcus cerastii sp. nov. and Rhodococcus trifolii sp. nov., two novel species isolated from leaf surfaces.

    PubMed

    Kämpfer, P; Wellner, S; Lohse, K; Lodders, N; Martin, K

    2013-03-01

    Two Gram-positive, non-endospore-forming rods, strains C5(T) and T8(T), were isolated from the phyllospheres of Cerastium holosteoides and Trifolium repens, respectively, and were studied in detail for their taxonomic position. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis allocated both isolates clearly to the genus Rhodococcus. Isolate C5(T) was most closely related to Rhodococcus fascians and Rhodococcus yunnanensis, showing 99.2 % gene sequence similarity to both species. Strain T8(T) revealed the highest 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity to Rhodococcus corynebacterioides (98.8 %) and Rhodococcus kroppenstedtii (98.6 %). The quinone system of both strains was composed of dihydrogenated menaquinones with eight (major amount) as well as nine, seven and six isoprenoid units (MK-8H2, MK-9H2 MK-7H2 MK-6H2).The polar lipid profiles of strains C5(T) and T8(T) consisted of diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylinositol, phosphatidylinositol mannoside and one unknown phospholipid. Additionally, strain C5(T) contained one unknown glycolipid, and strain T8(T) three unknown aminolipids. The fatty acid profiles contained major amounts of C16 : 0, C18 : 1ω9c and 10-methyl C18 : 0, which supported the grouping of the two isolates in the genus Rhodococcus. Physiological/biochemical characterization and DNA-DNA hybridizations with the type strains of the most closely related species allowed a clear phenotypic and genotypic differentiation of both strains. For this reason, we propose strain C5(T) ( = LMG 26203(T)  = CCM 7906(T)) as the type strain of a novel species with the name Rhodococcus cerastii sp. nov., and strain T8(T) ( = LMG 26204(T)  = CCM 7905(T)) as the type strain of a second novel species with the name Rhodococcus trifolii sp. nov.

  13. Providencia sneebia sp. nov. and Providencia burhodogranariea sp. nov., isolated from wild Drosophila melanogaster.

    PubMed

    Juneja, Punita; Lazzaro, Brian P

    2009-05-01

    Multiple isolates of the genus Providencia were obtained from the haemolymph of wild-caught Drosophila melanogaster fruit flies. Sixteen isolates were distinguished from the six previously described species based on 16S rRNA gene sequences. These isolates belonged to two distinct groups, which we propose each comprise previously undescribed species. Two isolates, designated A(T) and B(T), were characterized by DNA sequences of the fusA, lepA, leuS, gyrB and ileS housekeeping genes, whole-genome DNA-DNA hybridizations with their nearest relatives and utilization of substrates for metabolism. The closest phylogenetic relatives of strain A(T) are strain B(T) (86.9 % identity for the housekeeping genes) and Providencia stuartii DSM 4539(T) (86.0 % identity). The closest phylogenetic relatives of strain B(T) are strain A(T) (86.9 % identity) and P. stuartii DSM 4539(T) (86.6 % identity). The type strains of described species in this genus shared between 84.1 and 90.1 % identity for these sequences. DNA-DNA hybridization between the strain pairs A(T)-B(T), A(T)-P. stuartii DSM 4539(T) and B(T)-P. stuartii DSM 4539(T) all resulted in less than 25 % relatedness. In addition, patterns of utilization of amygdalin, arbutin, aesculin, salicin, d-sorbitol, trehalose, inositol, d-adonitol and d-galactose distinguish strains A(T) and B(T) from other members of this genus. Strains A(T) and B(T) therefore represent novel species, for which the names Providencia sneebia sp. nov. (type strain A(T) =DSM 19967(T) =ATCC BAA-1589(T)) and Providencia burhodogranariea sp. nov. (type strain B(T) =DSM 19968(T) =ATCC BAA-1590(T)) are proposed.

  14. Actinophytocola timorensis sp. nov. and Actinophytocola corallina sp. nov., isolated from soil.

    PubMed

    Otoguro, Misa; Yamamura, Hideki; Tamura, Tomohiko; Irzaldi, Rohmatussolihat; Ratnakomala, Shanti; Ridwan, Roni; Kartina, Gina; Triana, Evi; Nurkanto, Arif; Lestari, Yulin; Lisdiyanti, Puspita; Widyastuti, Yantyati; Ando, Katsuhiko

    2011-04-01

    Two actinomycete strains, ID05-A0653(T) and ID06-A0464(T), were isolated from soils of West Timor and Lombok island, respectively, in Indonesia. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis clearly demonstrated that the isolates belonged to the family Pseudonocardiaceae and were closely related to the genus Actinophytocola. Strains ID05-A0653(T) and ID06-A0464(T) exhibited 98.1 and 98.2 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity, respectively, with Actinophytocola oryzae GMKU 367(T). The isolates grew well on ISP media and produced white aerial mycelium. Short spore chains were formed directly on the substrate mycelium. The isolates contained meso-diaminopimelic acid, arabinose and galactose as cell-wall components, MK-9(H(4)) as the sole isoprenoid quinone, iso-C(16 : 0) as the major cellular fatty acid and phosphatidylethanolamine as the diagnostic polar lipid. The DNA G+C contents of strains ID05-A0653(T) and ID06-A0464(T) were 69.7 and 71.2 mol%, respectively. On the basis of phenotypic characteristics, DNA-DNA relatedness and 16S rRNA gene sequence comparisons, strains ID05-A0653(T) and ID06-A0464(T) each represent a novel species of the genus Actinophytocola, for which the names Actinophytocola timorensis sp. nov. (type strain ID05-A0653(T)  = BTCC B-673(T)  = NBRC 105524(T)) and Actinophytocola corallina sp. nov. (type strain ID06-A0464(T)  = BTCC B-674(T)  = NBRC 105525(T)) are proposed.

  15. Paenibacillus oenotherae sp. nov. and Paenibacillus hemerocallicola sp. nov., isolated from the roots of herbaceous plants.

    PubMed

    Kim, Tae-Su; Han, Ji-Hye; Joung, Yochan; Kim, Seung Bum

    2015-08-01

    Two Gram-staining-positive, aerobic, endospore-forming, motile bacteria, strains DT7-4T and DLE-12T, were isolated from roots of evening primrose (Oenothera biennis) and day lily (Hemerocallis fulva), respectively, and subjected to taxonomic characterization. Analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that the two strains fell into two distinct phylogenetic clusters belonging to the genus Paenibacillus. Strain DT7-4T was most closely related to Paenibacillus phyllosphaerae PALXIL04T and Paenibacillus taihuensis THMBG22T, with 96.3% 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity to each, and strain DLE-12T was most closely related to Paenibacillus ginsengarvi Gsoil 139T and Paenibacillus hodogayensis SGT, with 96.6 and 93.3% sequence similarity, respectively. Both isolates contained anteiso-C15 : 0 as the dominant fatty acid, meso-diaminopimelic acid as the diagnostic diamino acid in the cell-wall peptidoglycan and MK-7 as the respiratory menaquinone. The cellular polar lipids were composed of diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol and unidentified polar lipids. The DNA G+C contents of strains DT7-4T and DLE-12T were 50.1 ± 0.7 and 55.2 ± 0.5 mol%, respectively. The chemotaxonomic properties of both isolates were typical of members of the genus Paenibacillus. However, our biochemical and phylogenetic analyses distinguished each isolate from related species. Based on our polyphasic taxonomic analysis, strains DT7-4T and DLE-12T should be recognized as representatives of novel species of Paenibacillus, for which the names Paenibacillus oenotherae sp. nov. (type strain DT7-4T = KCTC 33186T = JCM 19573T) and Paenibacillus hemerocallicola sp. nov. (type strain DLE-12T = KCTC 33185T = JCM 19572T) are proposed.

  16. Aminobacter ciceronei sp. nov. and Aminobacter lissarensis sp. nov., isolated from various terrestrial environments

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    McDonald, I.R.; Kampfer, P.; Topp, E.; Warner, K.L.; Cox, M.J.; Connell, Hancock T.L.; Miller, L.G.; Larkin, M.J.; Ducrocq, V.; Coulter, C.; Harper, D.B.; Murrell, J.C.; Oremland, R.S.

    2005-01-01

    The bacterial strains IMB-1T and CC495T, which are capable of growth on methyl chloride (CH3Cl, chloromethane) and methyl bromide (CH3Br, bromomethane), were isolated from agricultural soil in California fumigated with CH3Br, and woodland soil in Northern Ireland, respectively. Two pesticide- /herbicide-degrading bacteria, strains ER2 and C147, were isolated from agricultural soil in Canada. Strain ER2 degrades N-methyl carbamate insecticides, and strain C147 degrades triazine herbicides widely used in agriculture. On the basis of their morphological, physiological and genotypic characteristics, these four strains are considered to represent two novel species of the genus Aminobacter, for which the names Aminobacter ciceronei sp. nov. (type strain IMB-1T=ATCC 202197T=CIP 108660T=CCUG 50580T; strains ER2 and C147) and Aminobacter lissarensis sp. nov. (type strain CC495T=NCIMB 13798T=CIP 108661T=CCUG 50579T) are proposed. ?? 2005 IUMS.

  17. Pedobacter huanghensis sp. nov. and Pedobacter glacialis sp. nov., isolated from Arctic glacier foreland.

    PubMed

    Qiu, Xia; Qu, Zhihao; Jiang, Fan; Ren, Lvzhi; Chang, Xulu; Kan, Wenjing; Fang, Chengxiang; Peng, Fang

    2014-07-01

    Two psychrotolerant, Gram-stain-negative, rod-shaped bacterial strains, designed M1-27(T) and 8-24(T), were subjected to polyphasic taxonomic studies. Strain M1-27(T) was isolated from the foreland of the Midtre Lovénbreen glacier, whereas strain 8-24(T) was isolated from the foreland of the Austre Lovénbreen glacier. Both were Arctic glacier forelands, near Ny-Ålesund, Svalbard Archipelago, Norway. Strains M1-27(T) and 8-24(T) exhibited 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities of 91.0-96.0% and 92.3-96.7%, respectively, to type strains of recognized species of the genus Pedobacter. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that the two strains were grouped with members of the genus Pedobacter, but represented distinct taxa. Both strains contained MK-7 as the predominant menaquinone. The DNA G+C contents of strains M1-27(T) and 8-24(T) were 43.8% and 39.4%, respectively. The phenotypic characteristics, biochemical properties and polygenetic analysis, clearly indicated that strains M1-27(T) ( = CCTCC AB 2012936(T) = LMG 28205(T)) and 8-24(T) ( = CCTCC AB 2012941(T) = NRRL B-59993(T)) represent two novel species of the genus Pedobacter, for which the names Pedobacter huanghensis sp. nov. and Pedobacter glacialis sp. nov., respectively, are proposed.

  18. Bacillus gobiensis sp. nov., isolated from a soil sample.

    PubMed

    Liu, Bo; Liu, Guo-Hong; Cetin, Sengonca; Schumann, Peter; Pan, Zhi-Zhen; Chen, Qian-Qian

    2016-01-01

    A Gram-stain-positive, rod-shaped, endospore-forming, aerobic bacterium designated FJAT-4402T, was isolated from the weed rhizosphere soil of the Gobi desert in the Xinjiang Autonomous Region in the north-west of China. Isolate FJAT-4402T grew at 15-40 °C (optimum 30 °C), pH 5-10 (optimum pH 7) and in 0-3 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum 0 %). Phylogenetic analyses, based on 16S rRNA gene sequences, showed that isolate FJAT-4402T was a member of the genus Bacillus and was most closely related to Bacillus licheniformis DSM 13T (96.2 %). The isolate showed 33.3 % DNA-DNA relatedness to the closest reference isolate, B. licheniformis DSM 13T. The diagnostic diamino acid of the peptidoglycan of isolate FJAT-4402T was meso-diaminopimelic acid and the predominant isoprenoid quinone was MK-7. The major cellular fatty acids were anteiso-C15 : 0 (28.5 %), iso-C15 : 0 (20.1 %), anteiso-C17 : 0 (14.3 %), iso-C16 : 0 (9.6 %), C16 : 0 (8.4 %), iso-C17 : 0 (6.2 %) and iso-C14 : 0 (4.7 %) and the DNA G+C content was 42.0 mol%. The phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and genotypic properties indicated that strain FJAT-4402T represents a novel species within the genus Bacillus, for which the name Bacillus gobiensis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is FJAT-4402T ( = DSM 29500T = CGMCC 1.12902T).

  19. Halomonas gomseomensis sp. nov., Halomonas janggokensis sp. nov., Halomonas salaria sp. nov. and Halomonas denitrificans sp. nov., moderately halophilic bacteria isolated from saline water.

    PubMed

    Kim, Kwang Kyu; Jin, Long; Yang, Hee Chan; Lee, Sung-Taik

    2007-04-01

    A total of 34 Halomonas strains were isolated from saline water in Anmyeondo, Korea. Ten of these strains, considered to belong to novel species, were subjected to a polyphasic taxonomic investigation. The strains were Gram-negative, moderately halophilic, motile and non-spore-forming rods that contained Q-9 as the predominant ubiquinone and C(18 : 1)omega7c, C(16 : 0) and either summed feature 4 (C(16 : 1)omega7c/C(15 : 0) iso 2-OH) or C(19 : 0) cyclo omega8c as the major fatty acids. Phylogenetic analysis, based on 16S rRNA gene sequencing, showed that the ten isolates formed four separate lineages in the genus Halomonas. Combined phenotypic data and DNA-DNA hybridization data supported the conclusion that they represent four novel species in the genus Halomonas, for which the names Halomonas gomseomensis sp. nov. (type strain M12(T)=KCTC 12662(T)=DSM 18042(T)), Halomonas janggokensis sp. nov. (type strain M24(T)=KCTC 12663(T)=DSM 18043(T)), Halomonas salaria sp. nov. (type strain M27(T)=KCTC 12664(T)=DSM 18044(T)) and Halomonas denitrificans sp. nov. (type strain M29(T)=KCTC 12665(T)=DSM 18045(T)) are proposed.

  20. Deinococcus aquaticus sp. nov., isolated from fresh water, and Deinococcus caeni sp. nov., isolated from activated sludge.

    PubMed

    Im, Wan-Taek; Jung, Hae-Min; Ten, Leonid N; Kim, Myung Kyum; Bora, Nagamani; Goodfellow, Michael; Lim, Sangyong; Jung, Jinwoo; Lee, Sung-Taik

    2008-10-01

    The taxonomic positions of two environmental isolates from South Korea were established using a combination of genotypic and phenotypic data. The organisms, designated PB314(T) and Ho-08(T), were Gram-negative, rod-shaped and non-spore-forming and had chemotaxonomic properties consistent with their classification in the genus Deinococcus 16S rRNA gene tree, the highest sequence similarities being shown to the type strains of Deinococcus grandis (96.3-96.7 %) and Deinococcus indicus (96.3-96.4 %). The isolates shared relatively high 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity (98.1 %) but had a DNA-DNA relatedness value of only 22 %. Chemotaxonomic data revealed that both strains possess quinone system MK-8 as the predominant compound, C(16 : 1)omega7c and C(16 : 0) as major fatty acids and ornithine as a diamino acid in the peptidoglycan structure, corroborating our assignment of the strains to the genus Deinococcus. The results of phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences, DNA-DNA relatedness values and physiological and biochemical tests clearly demonstrated that the two strains represent distinct species. On the basis of these data, two novel species, Deinococcus aquaticus sp. nov. (type strain PB314(T) =KCTC 12552(T) =NBRC 101311(T)) and Deinococcus caeni sp. nov. (type strain Ho-08(T) =KCTC 12553(T) =NBRC 101312(T)), are proposed.

  1. Acinetobacter sp. isolates from emergency departments in two hospitals of South Korea.

    PubMed

    Choi, Ji-Young; Ko, Eun Ah; Kwon, Ki Tae; Lee, Shinwon; Kang, Choel In; Chung, Doo-Ryeon; Peck, Kyong Ran; Song, Jae-Hoon; Ko, Kwan Soo

    2014-10-01

    A total of 114 Acinetobacter sp. isolates were collected from patients in the emergency departments (EDs) of two Korean hospitals. Most isolates belonged to the Acinetobacter baumannii complex (105 isolates, 92.1 %). Imipenem resistance was found in 39 isolates (34.2 %) of the Acinetobacter sp. isolates, and 6 colistin-resistant isolates were also identified. Species distribution and antimicrobial-resistance rates were different between the two hospitals. In addition, two main clones were identified in the imipenem-resistant A. baumannii isolates from hospital B, but very diverse and novel genotypes were found in those from hospital A. Many Acinetobacter sp. isolates, including the imipenem-resistant A. baumannii, are considered to be associated with the community. The evidence of high antimicrobial resistance and different features in these Acinetobacter sp. isolates between the two EDs suggests the need for continuous testing to monitor changes in epidemiology.

  2. Ochrobactrum pecoris sp. nov., isolated from farm animals.

    PubMed

    Kämpfer, Peter; Huber, Bettina; Busse, Hans-Jürgen; Scholz, Holger C; Tomaso, Herbert; Hotzel, Helmut; Melzer, Falk

    2011-09-01

    Two Gram-negative, rod-shaped, non-spore-forming strains, designated 08RB2639(T) and 08RB2781-1, were isolated from a sheep (Ovis aries) and a domestic boar (Sus scrofa domestica), respectively. By 16S rRNA gene sequencing, the isolates revealed identical sequences and were shown to belong to the Alphaproteobacteria. They exhibited 97.8 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity with Ochrobactrum rhizosphaerae PR17(T), O. pituitosum CCUG 50899(T), O. tritici SCII24(T) and O. haematophilum CCUG 38531(T) and 97.4 % sequence similarity with O. cytisi ESC1(T), O. anthropi LMG 3331(T) and O. lupini LUP21(T). The recA gene sequences of the two isolates showed only minor differences (99.5 % recA sequence similarity), and strain 08RB2639(T) exhibited the highest recA sequence similarity with Ochrobactrum intermedium CCUG 24694(T) (91.3 %). The quinone system was ubiquinone Q-10, with minor amounts of Q-9 and Q-11, the major polyamines were spermidine, putrescine and sym-homospermidine and the major lipids were phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylmonomethylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, diphosphatidylglycerol and phosphatidylcholine, with moderate amounts of the Ochrobactrum-specific unidentified aminolipid AL2. The major fatty acids (>20 %) were C₁₈:₁ω7c and C₁₉:₀ cyclo ω8c. These traits were in excellent agreement with the assignment of the isolates to the genus Ochrobactrum. DNA-DNA relatedness and physiological and biochemical tests allowed genotypic and phenotypic differentiation from other members of the genus Ochrobactrum. Hence, it is concluded that the isolates represent a novel species, for which the name Ochrobactrum pecoris sp. nov. is proposed (type strain 08RB2639(T)  = DSM 23868(T)  = CCUG 60088(T)  = CCM 7822(T)).

  3. Lactobacillus shenzhenensis sp. nov., isolated from a fermented dairy beverage.

    PubMed

    Zou, Yuanqiang; Liu, Feng; Fang, Chengxiang; Wan, Daiwei; Yang, Rentao; Su, Qingqing; Yang, Ruifu; Zhao, Jiao

    2013-05-01

    Two Lactobacillus strains, designated LY-73(T) and LY-30B, were isolated from a dairy beverage, sold in Shenzhen market, China. The two isolates were Gram-positive, non-spore-forming, non-motile, facultatively anaerobic rods that were heterofermentative and did not exhibit catalase activity. Sequencing of the 16S rRNA, pheS and rpoA genes revealed that the two isolates shared 99.5, 99.8 and 99.9 % sequence similarity, which indicates that they belong to the same species. Phylogenetic analysis demonstrated clustering of the two isolates with the genus Lactobacillus. Strain LY-73(T) showed highest 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities with Lactobacillus harbinensis KACC 12409(T) (97.73%), Lactobacillus perolens DSM 12744(T) (96.96 %) and Lactobacillus selangorensis DSM 13344(T) (93.10 %). Comparative analyses of their rpoA and pheS gene sequences indicated that the novel strains were significantly different from other Lactobacillus species. Low DNA-DNA reassociation values (50.5 %) were obtained between strain LY-73(T) and its phylogenetically closest neighbours. The G+C contents of the DNA of the two novel isolates were 56.1 and 56.5 mol%. Straight-chain unsaturated fatty acids C18 : 1ω9c (78.85 and 74.29 %) were the dominant components, and the cell-wall peptidoglycan was of the l-Lys-d-Asp type. Based on phenotypic characteristics, and chemotaxonomic and genotypic data, the novel strains represent a novel species of the genus Lactobacillus, for which the name Lactobacillus shenzhenensis sp. nov. is proposed, with LY-73(T) ( = CCTCC M 2011481(T) = KACC 16878(T)) as the type strain.

  4. Bradyrhizobium pachyrhizi sp. nov. and Bradyrhizobium jicamae sp. nov., isolated from effective nodules of Pachyrhizus erosus.

    PubMed

    Ramírez-Bahena, Martha Helena; Peix, Alvaro; Rivas, Raúl; Camacho, María; Rodríguez-Navarro, Dulce N; Mateos, Pedro F; Martínez-Molina, Eustoquio; Willems, Anne; Velázquez, Encarna

    2009-08-01

    Several strains isolated from the legume Pachyrhizus erosus were characterized on the basis of diverse genetic, phenotypic and symbiotic approaches. These novel strains formed two groups closely related to Bradyrhizobium elkanii according to their 16S rRNA gene sequences. Strains PAC48T and PAC68T, designated as the type strains of these two groups, presented 99.8 and 99.1% similarity, respectively, in their 16S rRNA gene sequences with respect to B. elkanii USDA 76T. In spite of these high similarity values, the analysis of additional phylogenetic markers such as atpD and glnII genes and the 16S-23S intergenic spacer (ITS) showed that strains PAC48T and PAC68T represented two separate novel species of the genus Bradyrhizobium with B. elkanii as their closest relative. Phenotypic differences among the novel strains isolated from Pachyrhizus and B. elkanii were found regarding the assimilation of carbon sources and antibiotic resistance. All these differences were congruent with DNA-DNA hybridization analysis which revealed 21% genetic relatedness between strains PAC48T and PAC68T and 46% and 25%, respectively, between these strains and B. elkanii LMG 6134T. The nodD and nifH genes of strains PAC48T and PAC68T were phylogenetically divergent from those of bradyrhizobia species that nodulate soybean. Soybean was not nodulated by the novel Pachyrhizus isolates. Based on the genotypic and phenotypic data obtained in this study, the new strains represent two novel species for which the names Bradyrhizobium pachyrhizi sp. nov. (type strain PAC48T=LMG 24246T=CECT 7396T) and Bradyrhizobium jicamae sp. nov. (type strain PAC68T=LMG 24556T=CECT 7395T) are proposed.

  5. Hymenobacter koreensis sp. nov. and Hymenobacter saemangeumensis sp. nov., isolated from estuarine water.

    PubMed

    Kang, Ji Young; Chun, Jeesun; Choi, Ahyoung; Moon, Sung Hyun; Cho, Jang-Cheon; Jahng, Kwang Yeop

    2013-12-01

    Two Gram-reaction-negative, rod-shaped, non-motile and red-pink-pigmented bacterial strains, designated GYR3077(T) and GSR0100(T), were isolated from a water sample of the Mangyung estuary enclosed by the Saemangeum Embankment in JEOLlabuk-do, South Korea, and were characterized using a polyphasic approach. 16S rRNA genes of strains GYR3077(T) and GSR0100(T) exhibited sequence similarities of 95.9 % to Hymenobacter deserti ZLB-3(T) and 96.6 % to Hymenobacter soli PB17(T), respectively, and indicated that these isolates belonged to the phylum Bacteroidetes. The major cellular fatty acids present in the two isolates were iso-C15 : 0, C16 : 1ω5c, summed feature 4 (iso-C17 : 1 I and/or anteiso-C17 : 1 B) and summed feature 3 (C16 : 1ω7c and/or C16 : 1ω6c). The major respiratory quinone and polyamine patterns were menaquinone-7 and sym-homospermidine, characteristic of the genus Hymenobacter. Flexirubin-type pigments were absent in both strains. The DNA G+C contents of strains GYR3077(T) and GSR0100(T) were 60.2 mol% and 61.9 mol%, respectively. The major polar lipid of strains GYR3077(T) and GSR0100(T) was phosphatidylethanolamine. Based on the morphological and physiological properties, strains GYR3077(T) and GSR0100(T) were considered to represent two novel species of the genus Hymenobacter, for which the names Hymenobacter koreensis sp. nov. (type strain GYR3077(T) = KACC 16451(T) = JCM 17924(T)) and Hymenobacter saemangeumensis sp. nov. (type strain GSR0100(T) = KACC 16452(T) = JCM 17923(T)) are proposed.

  6. Nocardioides endophyticus sp. nov. and Nocardioides conyzicola sp. nov., isolated from herbaceous plant roots.

    PubMed

    Han, Ji-Hye; Kim, Tae-Su; Joung, Yochan; Kim, Mi Na; Shin, Kee-Sun; Bae, Taeok; Kim, Seung Bum

    2013-12-01

    Two Gram-stain-positive, non-motile, non-spore-forming, rod-shaped actinobacterial strains were isolated from the surface-sterilized roots of mugwort (Artemisia princeps) and horse-weed (Conyza canadensis), and subjected to taxonomic characterization. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis indicated that the isolates, designated MWE 3-5(T) and HWE 2-02(T), should be placed in the genus Nocardioides of the family Nocardioidaceae. The strains were closely related to Nocardioides hankookensis DS-30(T), which exhibited 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity values of 97.99 and 99.09 % with strains MWE 3-5(T) and HWE 2-02(T), respectively. The genome relatedness of N. hankookensis DS-30(T) with strain MWE 3-5(T) was 35.8 %, and that with strain HWE 2-02(T) was 36.4 %, whereas that between the two isolates was 43.2 %. Strains MWE 3-5(T) and HWE 2-02(T) possessed MK-8(H4) as the major isoprenoid quinone, and ll-diaminopimelic acid in the cell-wall peptidoglycan. The main fatty acids were iso-C16 : 0, iso-C17 : 0 and C18 : 1ω9c for strain MWE 3-5(T) and iso-C16 : 0, 10-methyl C18 : 0 and C18 : 1ω9c for strain HWE 2-02(T). Based on phenotypic, genotypic and phylogenetic studies, the following two novel species are proposed: Nocardioides endophyticus sp. nov. (type strain, MWE 3-5(T) = KCTC 29122(T) = JCM 18532(T)) and Nocardioides conyzicola sp. nov. (type strain, HWE 2-02(T) = KCTC 29121(T) = JCM 18531(T)).

  7. Paenibacillus periandrae sp. nov., isolated from nodules of Periandra mediterranea.

    PubMed

    Menéndez, Esther; Ramírez-Bahena, Martha-Helena; Carro, Lorena; Fernández-Pascual, Mercedes; Peter Klenk, Hans; Velázquez, Encarna; Mateos, Pedro F; Peix, Alvaro; Rita Scotti, Maria

    2016-04-01

    A bacterial strain designated PM10T was isolated from root nodules of Periandra mediterranea in Brazil. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences placed the isolate in the genus Paenibacillus with its closest relatives being Paenibacillus vulneris CCUG 53270T and Paenibacillus yunnanensis YN2T with 95.6 and 95.9% 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity, respectively. The isolate was a Gram-stain-variable, motile, sporulating rod that was catalase-negative and oxidase-positive. Caseinase was positive, amylase was weakly positive and gelatinase was negative. Growth was supported by many carbohydrates and organic acids as carbon sources. MK-7 was the only menaquinone detected and anteiso-C15 : 0 was the major fatty acid. Major polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylmonomethylethanolamine, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol and two unidentified lipids. meso-Diaminopimelic acid was detected in the peptidoglycan. The DNA G+C content was 52.9 mol%. Phylogenetic, chemotaxonomic and phenotypic analyses showed that strain PM10T should be considered representative of a novel species of the genus Paenibacillus, for which the name Paenibacillus periandrae sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is PM10T (=LMG 28691T=CECT 8827T).

  8. Bacillus terrae sp. nov. isolated from Cistus ladanifer rhizosphere soil.

    PubMed

    Díez-Méndez, Alexandra; Rivas, Raúl; Mateos, Pedro F; Martínez-Molina, Eustoquio; Santín, Primitivo Julio; Sánchez-Rodríguez, Juan Antonio; Velázquez, Encarna

    2017-05-01

    A bacterial strain designated RA9T was isolated from a root of Cistus ladanifer in Spain. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences placed the isolate into the genus Bacillus with its closest relatives being Bacillus fortis R-6514T and Bacillus fordii R-7190T with 98.2 % similarity in both cases. DNA-DNA hybridization studies showed mean relatedness values of 29 and 30 %, respectively, between strain RA9T and the type strains of B. fortis and B. fordii. Cells of the isolate were Gram-stain-positive, motile, sporulating rods. Catalase and oxidase were positive. Gelatin, starch and casein were not hydrolysed. Menaquinone MK-7 was the only menaquinone detected and iso-C15 : 0 and anteiso-C15 : 0 were the major fatty acids. The polar lipid profile consisted of diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, one unidentified aminophospholipid, one unidentified phospholipid, one unidentifed glycolipid and one unidentified lipid. meso-Diaminopimelic acid was detected in the peptidoglycan. The DNA G+C content was 43.1 mol%. Phylogenetic, chemotaxonomic and phenotypic analyses showed that strain RA9T should be considered as representing a novel species of the genus Bacillus, for which the name Bacillus terrae sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is RA9T (=LMG 29736T=CECT 9170T).

  9. Paenibacillus hispanicus sp. nov. isolated from Triticum aestivum roots.

    PubMed

    Menéndez, Esther; Carro, Lorena; Tejedor, Carmen; Fernández-Pascual, Mercedes; Martínez-Molina, Eustoquio; Peix, Alvaro; Velázquez, Encarna

    2016-11-01

    A bacterial strain designated AMTAE16T was isolated from a root of wheat in Spain. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences placed the isolate in the genus Paenibacilluswith its closest relative being Paenibacillus daejeonensis AP-20T with 99.0 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity. DNA-DNA hybridization studies showed a mean of 30 % DNADNA relatedness between strain AMTAE16T and the type strain of P. daejeonensis. The isolate was a Gram-stainvariable, motile and sporulating rod. Catalase and oxidase activities were positive. Gelatin and starch were hydrolysed but not casein. Growth was supported by many carbohydrates and organic acids as carbon source. MK-7 was the only menaquinone detected and anteiso-C15 : 0, C16 : 0 and iso-C16 : 0 were the major fatty acids. The major polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, two unidentified aminophospholipids, four unidentified phospholipids and two unidentified lipids. meso-Diaminopimelic acid was detected in the peptidoglycan. The DNA G+C content was 55.4 mol%. Phylogenetic, chemotaxonomic and phenotypic analyses showed that strain AMTAE16T represents a novel species of the genus Paenibacillus, for which the name Paenibacillus hispanicus sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is AMTAE16T(=LMG 29501T=CECT 9124T).

  10. Paenibacillus tritici sp. nov., isolated from wheat roots.

    PubMed

    Menéndez, Esther; Flores-Félix, José David; Mulas, Rebeca; Andrés, Fernando González; Fernández-Pascual, Mercedes; Peix, Alvaro; Velázquez, Encarna

    2017-07-01

    A bacterial strain designated RTAE36T was isolated from wheat roots in northern Spain. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequence placed the isolate into the genus Paenibacillus with its closest relative being Paenibacillus borealis DSM 13188T with 97.7 % sequence similarity. Cells of the isolate were facultatively anaerobic, Gram-stain-positive, motile and sporulating rods. Catalase and oxidase were positive. Gelatin, casein and starch were not hydrolysed. Growth was supported by many carbohydrates and organic acids as carbon sources. MK-7 was the only menaquinone detected, and anteiso-C15 : 0, C16 : 0, iso-C14 : 0 and iso-C16 : 0 were the major fatty acids. The polar lipids profile consisted of diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, one unidentified aminolipid, two unidentified phospholipids, three unidentified phosphoaminolipids, one unidentified glycolipid and one unidentified lipid. meso-Diaminopimelic acid was detected in the cell-wall peptidoglycan. Strains RTAE36T and P. borealis DSM 13188T had an mean DNA-DNA relatedness of 39 % and differed in several phenotypic and chemotaxonomic characteristics, confirming that strain RTAE36T should be considered as a representative of a novel species of the genus Paenibacillus, for which the name Paenibacillus tritici sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is RTAE36T (=LMG 29502T=CECT 9125T).

  11. Saccharibacillus sacchari gen. nov., sp. nov., isolated from sugar cane.

    PubMed

    Rivas, Raúl; García-Fraile, Paula; Zurdo-Piñeiro, José Luis; Mateos, Pedro F; Martínez-Molina, Eustoquio; Bedmar, Eulogio J; Sánchez-Raya, Juan; Velázquez, Encarna

    2008-08-01

    A bacterial strain designated GR21T was isolated from apoplastic fluid of Saccharum officinarum (sugar cane). Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that the isolate forms a separate branch within the family 'Paenibacillaceae', with Paenibacillus as the closest related genus. Within this genus, the closest related species is Paenibacillus xylanilyticus, with 93.4 % similarity to the sequence of the type strain. The isolate has Gram-variable, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped cells, motile by polar and subpolar flagella. Round, non-ornamented, central or subterminal spores are formed in unswollen sporangia. The strain is catalase-positive and oxidase-negative on nutrient agar medium. Cellulose and aesculin were hydrolysed, whereas xylan, starch and gelatin were not. Growth was supported by many carbohydrates as carbon sources. Strain GR21T displayed a lipid profile consisting of diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, an unknown aminophospholipid, two unknown glycolipids and an unknown phosphoglycolipid. MK-7 was the predominant menaquinone and anteiso-C15: 0 was the major fatty acid. The DNA G+C content was 57.8 mol%. Phylogenetic and phenotypic analyses, including assimilation of carbon sources and exoenzyme production commonly used for classification within the family 'Paenibacillaceae', showed that strain GR21T belongs to a new genus within this family, for which the name Saccharibacillus sacchari gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain of Saccharibacillus sacchari is GR21T (=LMG 24085T =DSM 19268T).

  12. Micromonospora profundi sp. nov., isolated from deep marine sediment.

    PubMed

    Veyisoglu, Aysel; Carro, Lorena; Cetin, Demet; Guven, Kiymet; Spröer, Cathrin; Pötter, Gabriele; Klenk, Hans-Peter; Sahin, Nevzat; Goodfellow, Michael

    2016-11-01

    A novel actinobacterial strain, designated DS3010T, was isolated from a Black Sea marine sediment and characterized using a polyphasic approach. The strain was shown to have chemotaxonomic, morphological and phylogenetic properties consistent with classification as representing a member of the genus Micromonospora. Comparative 16S rRNA gene sequence studies showed that the strain was most closely related to the type strains of Micromonospora saelicesensis (99.5 %), Micromonospora chokoriensis (99.4 %) and Micromonospora violae (99.3 %). Similarly, a corresponding analysis based on partial gyrB gene sequences showed that it formed a distinct phyletic branch in a subclade that included the type strains of Micromonosporazamorensis, 'Micromonospora zeae', 'Micromonospora jinlongensis', M. saelicesensis and Micromonospora lupini. DS3010T was distinguished from its closest phylogenetic neighbours by low levels of DNA-DNA relatedness and by a combination of chemotaxonomic and phenotypic properties. On the basis of these data, it is proposed that the isolate should be assigned to the genus Micromonospora as Micromonospora profundi sp. nov. with isolate DS3010T (=DSM 45981T=KCTC 29243T) as the type strain.

  13. Geodermatophilus brasiliensis sp. nov., isolated from Brazilian soil.

    PubMed

    Bertazzo, Marcelo; Montero-Calasanz, Maria del Carmen; Martinez-Garcia, Manuel; Spröer, Cathrin; Schumann, Peter; Kroppenstedt, Reiner M; Stackebrandt, Erko; Klenk, Hans-Peter; Fiedler, Hans-Peter

    2014-08-01

    A Gram-reaction-positive bacterial isolate, designated Tü 6233(T), with rudimentary, coral-pink vegetative mycelium that formed neither aerial mycelium nor spores, was isolated from a Brazilian soil sample. Chemotaxonomic and molecular characteristics of the isolate matched those described for members of the genus Geodermatophilus. Cell-wall hydrolysates contained meso-diaminopimelic acid as the diagnostic diamino acid and galactose as the diagnostic sugar. The major fatty acids were iso-C(16 : 0), iso-C(15 : 0) and C(17 : 1)ω8c and the predominant menaquinone was MK-9(H4). The polar lipids consisted of diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, hydroxyphosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylinositol, an unknown glycophospholipid and an unknown phospholipid. The DNA G+C content of the strain was 75.4 mol%. The 16S rRNA gene sequence identity with members of the genus Geodermatophilus was 94.2-98.7%. Based on phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic data, strain Tü 6233(T) is proposed to represent a novel species, Geodermatophilus brasiliensis sp. nov., with the type strain Tü 6233(T) ( = DSM 44526(T) = CECT 8402(T)). © 2014 IUMS.

  14. Azospirillum rugosum sp. nov., isolated from oil-contaminated soil.

    PubMed

    Young, C C; Hupfer, H; Siering, C; Ho, M-J; Arun, A B; Lai, W-A; Rekha, P D; Shen, F-T; Hung, M-H; Chen, W-M; Yassin, A F

    2008-04-01

    The taxonomic status of a light-orange-coloured bacterial isolate from an oil-contaminated soil sample was characterized by using a polyphasic taxonomic approach. Comparative analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequences demonstrated that the isolate belonged phylogenetically to the genus Azospirillum, with Azospirillum canadense, Azospirillum brasilense and Azospirillum doebereinerae as its closest phylogenetic relatives (97.3, 97.0 and 97.0 % similarity, respectively). DNA-DNA pairing studies showed that the unidentified organism displayed 25.0, 17.0 and 19.0 % relatedness to the type strains of A. brasilense, A. canadense and A. doebereinerae, respectively. The generic assignment was confirmed by chemotaxonomic data, which revealed a fatty acid profile that was characteristic of the genus Azospirillum, consisting of straight-chain saturated and unsaturated fatty acids with C18 : 1 omega 7c as the major fatty acid, and ubiquinone with ten isoprene units (Q-10) as the predominant respiratory quinone. On the basis of both the phenotypic and molecular genetic evidence, it is proposed that the unknown isolate be classified as a representative of a novel species of the genus Azospirillum, for which the name Azospirillum rugosum sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is IMMIB AFH-6T (=CCUG 53966T=DSM 19657T).

  15. Azospirillum picis sp. nov., isolated from discarded tar.

    PubMed

    Lin, S-Y; Young, C C; Hupfer, H; Siering, C; Arun, A B; Chen, W-M; Lai, W-A; Shen, F-T; Rekha, P D; Yassin, A F

    2009-04-01

    A polyphasic taxonomic study was performed on a pink-coloured unknown bacterium isolated from discarded road tar. Comparative analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequence demonstrated that the isolate belongs phylogenetically to the genus Azospirillum with Azospirillum lipoferum, A. melinis and A. rugosum as its closest phylogenetic relatives (96.7, 96.6 and 96.6 % similarity to the respective type strains). The generic assignment was confirmed on the basis of chemotaxonomic data, which revealed a fatty acid profile characteristic for the genus Azospirillum, consisting of straight-chain saturated and unsaturated fatty acids, with C(18 : 1)omega7c as the major unsaturated non-hydroxylated fatty acid, and C(16 : 0) 3-OH as the major hydroxylated fatty acid, and a ubiquinone with ten isoprene units (Q-10) as the predominant respiratory quinone. On the basis of both the phenotypic and molecular genetic evidence, it is proposed that the unknown isolate should be classified within a novel species of the genus Azospirillum, for which the name Azospirillum picis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is IMMIB TAR-3(T) (=CCUG 55431(T) =DSM 19922(T)).

  16. Leifsonia lichenia sp. nov., isolated from lichen in Japan.

    PubMed

    An, Sun-Young; Xiao, Tian; Yokota, Akira

    2009-10-01

    An actinobacterial strain, 2SbT, isolated from lichen was characterized taxonomically using a polyphasic approach. Strain 2SbT was Gram-positive, strictly aerobic, rod-shaped and non-motile. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequence revealed that strain 2SbT was located in the genus Leifsonia. Level of 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity between the isolated strains and the type strains of Leifsonia species were 95.0-99.2%. The value of DNA-DNA relatedness between strain 2SbT and Leifsonia poae, a phylogenetically related and phenotypically similar species, was 39.9/25.2%. The DNA G+C content of the strain 2SbT was 61.7 mol%. Cell wall peptidoglycan type (2,4-diaminobutyric acid), major cellular fatty acids (anteiso-C(15:0), anteiso-C(17:0) and iso-C(16:0)) and quinone type (MK-11 and MK-10) of the isolate support their affiliation to the genus Leifsonia. On the basis of phylogenetic position, physiological and chemotaxonomic properties, strain 2SbT represent a novel species of the genus Leifsonia, for which the name Leifsonia lichenia sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is 2SbT (=IAM 15426T =JCM 23226T =KCTC 13122T).

  17. Myceligenerans crystallogenes sp. nov., isolated from Roman catacombs.

    PubMed

    Groth, Ingrid; Schumann, Peter; Schütze, Barbara; Gonzalez, Juan M; Laiz, Leonila; Suihko, Maija-Liisa; Stackebrandt, Erko

    2006-01-01

    Three xylan-degrading actinobacterial strains were isolated from different sampling sites in the Roman catacombs of Domitilla and San Callisto. The organisms showed morphological and chemotaxonomic properties such as peptidoglycan type A4alpha, L-lys-L-thr-D-Glu; whole-cell sugars (glucose, mannose and galactose); octa-, hexa- and tetrahydrogenated menaquinones with nine isoprene units; phosphatidylglycerol and diphosphatidylglycerol as the major phospholipids; anteiso-C(15 : 0), iso-C(15 : 0) and iso-C(16 : 0) as the predominant fatty acids; and a DNA G+C content of 72 mol%. These features are consistent with affiliation of these isolates to the genus Myceligenerans. The three isolates shared a 16S rRNA gene similarity of 99.9 % and were most closely related to Myceligenerans xiligouense DSM 15700T (97.9 % sequence similarity). The low level of DNA-DNA relatedness (about 14 %) and the differences in phenotypic characteristics between the novel strains and M. xiligouense DSM 15700T justify the proposal of a novel species of the genus Myceligenerans, Myceligenerans crystallogenes sp. nov., with CD12E2-27T (= HKI 0369T = DSM 17134T = NCIMB 14061T = VTT E-032285T) as the type strain.

  18. Clostridium ganghwense sp. nov., isolated from tidal flat sediment.

    PubMed

    Kim, Seil; Jeong, Hyunyoung; Kim, Sanggoo; Chun, Jongsik

    2006-04-01

    A Gram-negative, strictly anaerobic, halophilic, motile, sporulating and rod-shaped bacterium, designated strain HY-42-06T, was isolated from tidal flat sediment from Ganghwa Island in South Korea. The isolate produced glycerol, ethanol and CO2 as fermentation end-products from glucose. Strain HY-42-06T grew optimally at 35 degrees C, pH 7.5 and 3 % (w/v) artificial sea salts. No growth was observed in the absence of sea salts. In phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequence, strain HY-42-06T showed a distinct phyletic line within the members of cluster I of the order Clostridiales. The closest phylogenetic neighbour to strain HY-42-06T was Clostridium novyi ATCC 17861T (94.91 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity). Several phenotypic characters readily differentiate the tidal flat isolate from phylogenetically related clostridia. On the basis of polyphasic evidence, strain HY-42-06T should be classified as a representative of a novel species, for which the name Clostridium ganghwense sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is HY-42-06T (=IMSNU 40127T = KCTC 5146T = JCM 13193T).

  19. Pseudomonas pachastrellae sp. nov., isolated from a marine sponge.

    PubMed

    Romanenko, Lyudmila A; Uchino, Masataka; Falsen, Enevold; Frolova, Galina M; Zhukova, Natalia V; Mikhailov, Valery V

    2005-03-01

    Two Gram-negative, non-fermentative, non-denitrifying, non-pigmented, rod-shaped bacteria that were motile by means of polar flagella, designated strains KMM 330(T) and KMM 331, were isolated from a deep-sea sponge specimen and subjected to a polyphasic taxonomic study. The new isolates exhibited 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity of 99.9 %, and their mean level of DNA-DNA relatedness was 82 %. Phylogenetic analysis based on their 16S rRNA gene sequences placed the strains within the genus Pseudomonas as an independent deep clade. Strain KMM 330(T) shared highest sequence similarity (96.3 %) with each of Pseudomonas fulva NRIC 0180(T), Pseudomonas parafulva AJ 2129(T) and Pseudomonas luteola IAM 13000(T); sequence similarity to other recognized species of the genus Pseudomonas was below 95.7 %. The marine sponge isolates KMM 330(T) and KMM 331 could be distinguished from the other recognized Pseudomonas species based on a unique combination of their phenotypic characteristics, including growth in 8 or 10 % NaCl, the absence of pigments, the inability to denitrify and lack of carbohydrate utilization. On the basis of phylogenetic analysis, physiological and biochemical characterization, strains KMM 330(T) and KMM 331 should be classified as a novel species of the genus Pseudomonas, for which the name Pseudomonas pachastrellae sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is KMM 330(T) (=JCM 12285(T)=NRIC 0583(T)=CCUG 46540(T)).

  20. Streptococcusdentiloxodontae sp. nov., isolated from the oral cavity of elephants.

    PubMed

    Shinozaki-Kuwahara, Noriko; Saito, Masanori; Hirasawa, Masaaki; Hirasawa, Masatomo; Takada, Kazuko

    2016-10-01

    A Gram-stain-positive, catalase-negative, coccus-shaped organism was isolated from oral cavity samples collected from healthy elephants. The isolated strain, NUM 2404T, was tentatively identified as a streptococcal species based on the results of biochemical tests. Although a comparative 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis suggested the classification of this organism into the genus Streptococcus, it did not correspond to any recognized species of the genus. Strain NUM 2404T was related most closely to Streptococcus saliviloxodontae NUM 6306T with 95.8 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity, but the phylogenetic tree reconstructed based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence showed that NUM 2404T clustered with Streptococcus mutans NCTC 10449T and Streptococcus troglodytae TKU 31T. Comparative sequence analysis based on two housekeeping genes, groEL, which encodes the 60 kDa heat-shock protein, and rpoB, encoding the β subunit of RNA polymerase, of NUM 2404T indicated that it was most closely related to those of Streptococcus orisratti A63T and Streptococcus sobrinus ATCC 33478T with 82.7 and 85.1 % sequence similarities, respectively. On the basis of genotypic and phenotypic differences, it is proposed that the novel isolate be classified in the genus Streptococcus as representative of a novel species, Streptococcus dentiloxodontae sp. nov. The type strain is NUM 2404T (=JCM 19284T=DSM 27381T).

  1. Bacillus cellulasensis sp. nov., isolated from marine sediment.

    PubMed

    Mawlankar, Rahul; Thorat, Meghana N; Krishnamurthi, Srinivasan; Dastager, Syed G

    2016-01-01

    A novel bacterial strain NIO-1130(T) was isolated from sediment sample taken from Chorao Island, Goa Province, India, and subjected to a taxonomic investigation. The strain was Gram-positive, aerobic, and motile. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences placed the isolate within the genus Bacillus and strain NIO-1130(T) showed highest sequence similarity with Bacillus halosaccharovorans DSM 25387(T) (98.4%) and Bacillus niabensis CIP 109816(T) (98.1%), whereas other Bacillus species showed <97.0% similarity. Tree based on gyrB gene sequence revealed that strain bacillus group. The major menaquinone was MK-7 and the predominant cellular fatty acids were iso-C15:0, anteiso-C15:0, iso-C17:0, and anteiso-C17:0. The strain showed a DNA G+C content of 39.9 mol%. DNA-DNA hybridization studies revealed that strain NIO-1130(T) exhibits 70% similarity with Bacillus halosaccharovorans DSM 25387(T) and Bacillus niabensis CIP 109816(T). On the basis of physiological, biochemical, chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic analyses, we consider the isolate to represent a novel species of the genus Bacillus, for which the name Bacillus cellulasensis sp. nov., is proposed. The type strain is NIO-1130(T) (=NCIM 5461(T)=CCTCC AB 2011126(T)).

  2. Tenacibaculum litopenaei sp. nov., isolated from a shrimp mariculture pond.

    PubMed

    Sheu, Shih-Yi; Lin, Kuan-Yin; Chou, Jui-Hsing; Chang, Poh-Shing; Arun, A B; Young, Chiu-Chung; Chen, Wen-Ming

    2007-05-01

    A yellow-coloured, aerobic, Gram-negative, rod-shaped bacterial strain, designated B-I(T), was isolated from the water of a shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei) mariculture pond in Taiwan. No species with a validly published name showed 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity of more than 96.5 % to this novel isolate. The highest sequence similarities displayed by strain B-I(T) (93.2-96.1 %) were to members of the genus Tenacibaculum. The phenotypic properties of this organism were consistent with its classification in the genus Tenacibaculum. The novel isolate could be distinguished from all Tenacibaculum species by several phenotypic characteristics. The major fatty acids were iso-C(15 : 0) (22 %), summed feature 3 (C(16 : 1)omega7c and/or iso-C(15 : 0) 2-OH; 21.3 %), iso-C(17 : 0) 3-OH (12.7 %) and iso-C(15 : 1) (8.7 %). The G+C content of the genomic DNA was 35.2 mol%. Hence, genotypic and phenotypic data demonstrate that strain B-I(T) should be classified within a novel species in the genus Tenacibaculum, for which the name Tenacibaculum litopenaei sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is B-I(T) (=BCRC 17590(T)=LMG 23706(T)).

  3. Nocardioides taihuensis sp. nov., isolated from fresh water lake sediment.

    PubMed

    Qu, Jian-Hang; Li, Xiao-Dan; Li, Hai-Feng

    2017-09-01

    A novel actinobacterial strain, designated X17T, was isolated from the sediment of Taihu Lake in China and its taxonomic position was investigated by using a polyphasic approach. The isolate formed milky-white colonies comprising aerobic, Gram-stain-positive, rod-shaped cells. Phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that the organism belonged to the genus Nocardioides and consistently formed a distinct cluster with Nocardioides agariphilus JCM 16020T and Nocardioides islandensis MSL 26T, sharing 95.5 and 94.8 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities, respectively. The genomic DNA G+C content was 69.9 mol%. Chemotaxonomically, the isolate contained ll-diaminopimelic acid in the cell-wall peptidoglycan, MK-8 (H4) as the predominant menaquinone, and diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol and phosphatidylinositol as the polar lipids found in the cell wall. The major fatty acids were 18 : 1 ω9c (38.6 %), 16 : 0 iso (20.3 %), 15 : 0 iso (6.8 %) and 18 : 0 (5.8 %). Based on its physiological, biochemical and chemotaxonomic characteristics, the strain represents a novel species of the genus Nocardioides, for which the name Nocardioides taihuensis sp. nov. (type strain X17T=CGMCC 4.7318T=NBRC 112321T) is proposed.

  4. Paenibacillus nasutitermitis sp. nov., isolated from a termite gut.

    PubMed

    Wang, Xue Min; Ma, Shichun; Yang, Shu Yan; Peng, Rong; Zheng, Ying; Yang, Hong

    2016-02-01

    A Gram-stain-positive, non-motile, aerobic and terminal-endospore-forming rod-shaped bacterium, strain P5-1T, was isolated from the hindgut of a wood-feeding higher termite, Nasutitermes sp. Phylogenetic analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that the strain was closely related to Paenibacillus sepulcri CCM 7311T (97.5 % similarity). Growth was observed at 10-40 °C (optimum, 30 °C) and at pH 5.5-9.0 (optimum, pH 7.5). The DNA G+C content of strain P5-1T was 48.9 mol%. Cells contained menaquinone 7 (MK-7) as the sole respiratory quinone and the major fatty acids were anteiso-C15 : 0 and iso-C15 : 0. The cellular polar lipids comprised phosphatidylglycerol, diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, one unidentified phospholipid, one unidentified glycolipid and one unidentified aminophospholipid. The diamino acid of the cell-wall peptidoglycan was meso-diaminopimelic acid. Based on the phylogenetic, chemotaxonomic and phenotypic data obtained within this study, strain P5-1T represents a novel species of the genus Paenibacillus, for which the name Paenibacillus nasutitermitis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is P5-1T ( = CGMCC 1.15178T = NBRC 111536T).

  5. Dyella acidisoli sp. nov., Dyella flagellata sp. nov. and Dyella nitratireducens sp. nov., isolated from forest soil.

    PubMed

    Chen, Mei-Hong; Xia, Fan; Lv, Ying-Ying; Zhou, Xiang-Yue; Qiu, Li-Hong

    2016-12-08

    Bacterial strains 4M-Z03T, 4M-K16T and DHG59T were isolated from forest soil samples collected from the Dinghushan Biosphere Reserve, Guangdong Province, PR China (112º 31' E 23º 10' N). The three strains grew well at 28 °C, pH 5.0-6.0 on R2A medium. On the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, the three strains, together with D. humi DHG40T, formed a distinct phyletic clade within the genus Dyella, and the sequence similarities between any strains of the clade ranged from 97.8 to 98.5 %. Sequence analysis of concatenated partial gyrB, lepA and recA gene sequences also strongly suggested that the three strains represented three novel species of the genus Dyella. The ubiquinone of the three strains was ubiquinone-8 and their DNA G+C content was 58.2 - 59.0 mol%. The fatty acid profiles differed substantially among these three strains although they had two common major fatty acids, iso-C15:0 and iso-C17:1ω9c. DNA-DNA relatedness among the three strains and the type strains of the closest species of the genus Dyella examined was lower than 50 %. The results of genotypic and phenotypic characterization presented above demonstrate that the three strains examined represent three novel species of the genus Dyella, for which the names Dyella acidisoli sp. nov. (type strain 4M-Z03T = NBRC 111980T = KCTC 52131T), Dyella flagellata sp. nov. (type strain 4M-K16T= NBRC 111981T= KCTC 52130T) and Dyella nitratireducens sp. nov. (type strain DHG59T = NBRC 111472T= LMG 29201T = CGMCC 1.15439T) are proposed.

  6. Bifidobacterium aquikefiri sp. nov., isolated from water kefir.

    PubMed

    Laureys, David; Cnockaert, Margo; De Vuyst, Luc; Vandamme, Peter

    2016-01-05

    A novel Bifidobacterium, strain LMG 28769T, was isolated from a household water kefir fermentation process. The cells were Gram-stain-positive, non-motile, non-spore-forming, catalase-negative, oxidase-negative, and facultatively anaerobic short rods. Analysis of its 16S rRNA gene sequence revealed Bifidobacterium crudilactis and Bifidobacterium psychraerophilum (97.4 % and 97.1 % similarity towards the respective type strain sequences) as nearest phylogenetic neighbors. Its assignment to the genus Bifidobacterium was confirmed by the presence of fructose 6-phosphate phosphoketolase (F6PPK) activity. Analysis of the hsp60 gene sequence revealed a very low similarity with nucleotide sequences in the NCBI nucleotide database. The genotypic and phenotypic analyses allowed to differentiate strain LMG 28769T from all established Bifidobacterium species. Strain LMG 28769T (= CCUG 67145T = R-54638T) therefore represents a new species, for which the name Bifidobacterium aquikefiri sp. nov. is proposed.

  7. Maribacter polysiphoniae sp. nov., isolated from a red alga.

    PubMed

    Nedashkovskaya, Olga I; Vancanneyt, Marc; De Vos, Paul; Kim, Seung Bum; Lee, Myung Sook; Mikhailov, Valery V

    2007-12-01

    A novel gliding, heterotrophic, Gram-negative, yellow-orange-pigmented, aerobic, oxidase- and catalase-positive bacterium, designated strain KMM 6151(T), was isolated from the Pacific red alga Polysiphonia japonica. Analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequence of the strain revealed that it formed a distinct lineage within the genus Maribacter, family Flavobacteriaceae, with sequence similarities in the range 94.6-96.9 %. On the basis of phenotypic, genotypic and phylogenetic data, strain KMM 6151(T) represents a novel species of the genus Maribacter, for which the name Maribacter polysiphoniae sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is KMM 6151(T) (=KCTC 22021(T)=LMG 23671(T)).

  8. Marinomonas arenicola sp. nov., isolated from marine sediment.

    PubMed

    Romanenko, Lyudmila A; Tanaka, Naoto; Frolova, Galina M

    2009-11-01

    A Marinomonas-like bacterium, strain KMM 3893(T), was isolated from a marine sandy sediment collected close to shore from the Sea of Japan and subjected to a phenotypic and phylogenetic study. Comparative 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis confirmed the novel strain's assignment to the genus Marinomonas. Strain KMM 3893(T) constituted a separate phyletic line in the genus Marinomonas, sharing <97 % sequence similarity with respect to other recognized Marinomonas species. Chemotaxonomically, strain KMM 3893(T) contained the predominant fatty acids C(18 : 1)omega7c, C(16 : 1)omega7c and C(16 : 0) and had a DNA G+C content of 50.0 mol%. On the basis of the phylogenetic analysis and physiological and biochemical characterization, strain KMM 3893(T) represents a novel species of the genus Marinomonas, for which the name Marinomonas arenicola sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is KMM 3893(T) (=NRIC 0752(T) =JCM 15737(T)).

  9. Actinoalloteichus hoggarensis sp. nov., an actinomycete isolated from Saharan soil.

    PubMed

    Boudjelal, Farida; Zitouni, Abdelghani; Bouras, Noureddine; Schumann, Peter; Spröer, Cathrin; Sabaou, Nasserdine; Klenk, Hans-Peter

    2015-06-01

    A moderately halophilic actinomycete strain, designated AH97T, was isolated from Saharan soil in the Hoggar region (south Algeria) and was subjected to polyphasic taxonomic characterization. The morphological and chemotaxonomic characteristics of the strain were consistent with those of the genus Actinoalloteichus. Results of 16S rRNA gene sequence comparison revealed that strain AH97T shared the highest degree of 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity with Actinoalloteichus hymeniacidonis DSM 45092T (99.3 %) and Actinoalloteichus nanshanensis DSM 45655T (98.7 %). However, DNA-DNA hybridization studies showed only 26.5 % relatedness with A. hymeniacidonis DSM 45092T and 28.0 % with A. nanshanensis DSM 45655T. The genotypic and phenotypic data showed that strain AH97T represents a novel species of the genus Actinoalloteichus, for which the name Actinoalloteichus hoggarensis sp. nov. is proposed, with AH97T ( = DSM 45943T = CECT 8639T) as the type strain.

  10. Saccharothrix tamanrassetensis sp. nov., an actinomycete isolated from Saharan soil.

    PubMed

    Boubetra, Dalila; Zitouni, Abdelghani; Bouras, Noureddine; Schumann, Peter; Spröer, Cathrin; Klenk, Hans-Peter; Sabaou, Nasserdine

    2015-04-01

    Actinomycete strain SA198(T), isolated from a Saharan soil sample of Algeria, was characterized taxonomically by using a polyphasic approach. Chemotaxonomic and morphological characteristics observed suggested that it was a member of the genus Saccharothrix . The 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis confirmed that strain SA198(T) was a member of the genus Saccharothrix and showed a similarity level ranging between 97.5 and 98.9% within species of the genus Saccharothrix , Saccharothrix australiensis being the most closely related. However, DNA-DNA hybridization values between strain SA198(T) and its closest phylogenetic neighbours, the type strains of S. australiensis , Saccharothrix xinjiangensis , Saccharothrix algeriensis and Saccharothrix espanaensis , were clearly below the 70% threshold. Based upon genotypic and phenotypic differences from other members of the genus, a novel species, Saccharothrix tamanrassetensis sp. nov., is proposed, with SA198(T) ( = DSM 45947(T) = CECT 8640(T)) as the type strain.

  11. Rhizobium halotolerans sp. nov., Isolated from chloroethylenes contaminated soil.

    PubMed

    Diange, Eboa Adolf; Lee, Sang-Seob

    2013-06-01

    The strain designated as AB21(T) was isolated from chloroethylenes contaminated soil. Cells are gram-negative, aerobic, non-spore-forming, and motile rods. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequence showed that it belonged to the genus Rhizobium, and was closely related to Rhizobium sullae IS 123(T) (97.4 %), Rhizobium yanglingense SH 22623(T) (97.2 %), Rhizobium gallicum R 602sp(T) (97.1 %), Rhizobium alamii GBV 016(T) (97.0 %), and Rhizobium monogolense USDA 1844(T) (97.0 %). It showed less than 97 % identity with the remaining Rhizobium species. This novel isolate grew optimally at 25-37 °C (optimum, 30 °C) and pH 6-9 (optimum, pH 8.0). It grew in the presence of 0-4 % (w/v) NaCl, tolerating a 4 % (w/v) NaCl. DNA-DNA hybridization experiment shows less than 53 % binding with closely related Rhizobium. Predominant quinone is ubiquinone (Q-10). The major fatty acids were summed feature 8 (composed of C(18:1) ω7c/C(18:1) ω6c), C(19:0) cyclo ω8c, and C(16:0). The G+C molar content is 62.5 mol%. Based on the polyphasic analysis, strain AB21(T) is referred to be a novel species of the genus Rhizobium for which the name Rhizobium halotolerans sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is AB21(T) (=KEMC 224-056(T) = JCM 17536(T)).

  12. Haloactinomyces albus gen. nov., sp. nov., isolated from Dead Sea.

    PubMed

    Lai, Hangxian; Jiang, Yingying; Chen, Xiu; Li, Qinyuan; Jiang, Chenglin; Jiang, Yi; Wei, Xiaomin

    2017-01-10

    A novel halophilic, filamentous actinomycete strain, designated AFM 10258T, was isolated from a sediment sample collected from Dead Sea of Israel. The isolate grew with 10-35% NaCl and did not grow without NaCl. The isolate formed white aerial mycelium and long spore chains, and two spores were separated by sterile mycelium. The spores were non-motile, spherical and rugose-surfaced. The isolate contained meso-diaminopimelic acid as the diagnostic diamino acid and galactose and arabinose as the major whole-cell sugars. The polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylmethylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylinositol and three unknown phospholipids. Major fatty acids were anteiso-C17:0, iso-C16:0 and iso-C15:0. MK-9(H4) was the predominant menaquinone and the DNA G+C content was 62.8 mol%. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis indicated that strain AFM 10258T shared low sequence similarity with the closely related representatives of the families Pseudonocardiaceae (below 94.47%) and Actinopolysporaceae (below 93.76%). Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain AFM 10258T formed a robust clade with members of the family Actinopolysporaceae. On the basis of analysis of phenotypic, chemical and molecular characteristics, strain AFM 10258T is considered to represent a novel species of a new genus , for which the name Haloactinomyces albus gen. nov., sp. nov., is proposed. The type strain is AFM 10258T (=DSM 45977T = CGMCC 4.7115T).

  13. Angustibacter speluncae sp. nov., isolated from a lava cave stalactite.

    PubMed

    Ko, Dong Hyo; Lee, Soon Dong

    2017-09-01

    Gram-reaction-positive, strictly aerobic, motile coccoid- to rod-shaped actinobacteria, designated strains YC2-20T and YC2-19 were isolated from pieces of stalactites collected at the Yongcheon Cave in Jeju, Republic of Korea. The cells of orange-coloured colonies grew at 20-37 °C, pH 6-10 and in the absence of NaCl. In the neighbour-joining tree based on 16S rRNA gene sequences, the novel isolates formed a distant sublineage at the base of the radiation of the genus Angustibacter. The novel isolates shared identical 16S rRNA gene sequences to each other and revealed a 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity of 95.6 % to the closest relative, Angustibacter aerolatus and <95 % to other members of the family Kineosporiaceae. Albeit with a low similarity of 16S rRNA gene sequences and a distinct phylogenetic position, most of the chemotaxonomic characteristics were in agreement with those of the genus Angustibacter: meso-diaminopimelic acid as the diagnostic diamino acid in the cell wall; MK-9(H4) as the major menaquinone; polar lipids including diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylinositol and phosphatidylinositol mannoside; and a DNA G+C content of 73.1 mol%. On the basis of the phenotypic and phylogenetic distinctiveness, the novel isolates are considered to represent members of a novel species of the genus Angustibacter, for which the name Angustibacter speluncae sp. nov. is proposed, with type strain YC2-20T (=KCTC 39842T=DSM 103769T).

  14. Kryptousia macronema gen. nov., sp. nov. and Kryptousia microlepis sp. nov., nostocalean cyanobacteria isolated from phyllospheres.

    PubMed

    Alvarenga, Danillo Oliveira; Andreote, Ana Paula Dini; Branco, Luis Henrique Zanini; Fiore, Marli Fatima

    2017-09-01

    Tropical ecosystems worldwide host very diverse microbial communities, but are increasingly threatened by deforestation and climate change. Thus, characterization of biodiversity in these environments, and especially of microbial communities that show unique adaptations to their habitats, is a very urgent matter. Information about representatives of the phylum Cyanobacteria in tropical environments is scarce, even though they are fundamental primary producers that help other microbes to thrive in nutrient-depleted habitats, including phyllospheres. In order to increase our knowledge of cyanobacterial diversity, a study was conducted to characterize isolates from Avicennia schaueriana and Merostachys neesii leaves collected at a mangrove and an Atlantic forest reserve located at the littoral of São Paulo state, south-east Brazil. The morphological, ultrastructural, phylogenetic, molecular and ecological features of the strains led to the recognition of the new genus Kryptousia, comprising two new species, Kryptousiamacronema gen. nov., sp. nov. and Kryptousiamicrolepis sp. nov., described here according to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi and plants. The new genus and species were classified in the nostocalean family Tolypotrichaceae. This finding advances knowledge on the microbial diversity of South American ecosystems and sheds further light on the systematics of cyanobacteria.

  15. Streptococcus moroccensis sp. nov. and Streptococcus rifensis sp. nov., isolated from raw camel milk.

    PubMed

    Kadri, Zaina; Amar, Mohamed; Ouadghiri, Mouna; Cnockaert, Margo; Aerts, Maarten; El Farricha, Omar; Vandamme, Peter

    2014-07-01

    Two catalase- and oxidase-negative Streptococcus-like strains, LMG 27682(T) and LMG 27684(T), were isolated from raw camel milk in Morocco. Comparative 16S rRNA gene sequencing assigned these bacteria to the genus Streptococcus with Streptococcus rupicaprae 2777-2-07(T) as their closest phylogenetic neighbour (95.9% and 95.7% similarity, respectively). 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity between the two strains was 96.7%. Although strains LMG 27682(T) and LMG 27684(T) shared a DNA-DNA hybridization value that corresponded to the threshold level for species delineation (68%), the two strains could be distinguished by multiple biochemical tests, sequence analysis of the phenylalanyl-tRNA synthase (pheS), RNA polymerase (rpoA) and ATP synthase (atpA) genes and by their MALDI-TOF MS profiles. On the basis of these considerable phenotypic and genotypic differences, we propose to classify both strains as novel species of the genus Streptococcus, for which the names Streptococcus moroccensis sp. nov. (type strain, LMG 27682(T)  = CCMM B831(T)) and Streptococcus rifensis sp. nov. (type strain, LMG 27684(T)  = CCMM B833(T)) are proposed.

  16. Lactobacillus plajomi sp. nov. and Lactobacillus modestisalitolerans sp. nov., isolated from traditional fermented foods.

    PubMed

    Miyashita, Mika; Yukphan, Pattaraporn; Chaipitakchonlatarn, Winai; Malimas, Taweesak; Sugimoto, Masako; Yoshino, Mayumi; Kamakura, Yuki; Potacharoen, Wanchern; Tanasupawat, Somboon; Tanaka, Naoto; Nakagawa, Yasuyoshi; Suzuki, Ken-ichiro

    2015-08-01

    Three Lactobacillus-like strains, NB53T, NB446T and NB702, were isolated from traditional fermented food in Thailand. Comparative 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis indicated that these strains belong to the Lactobacillus plantarum group. Phylogenetic analysis based on the dnaK, rpoA, pheS and recA gene sequences indicated that these three strains were distantly related to known species present in the L. plantarum group. DNA-DNA hybridization with closely related strains demonstrated that these strains represented two novel species; the novel strains could be differentiated based on chemotaxonomic and phenotypic characteristics. Therefore, two novel species of the genus Lactobacillus, Lactobacillus plajomi sp. nov. (NB53T) and Lactobacillus modestisalitolerans sp. nov. (NB446T and NB702), are proposed with the type strains NB53T ( = NBRC 107333T = BCC 38054T) and NB446T ( = NBRC 107235T = BCC 38191T), respectively.

  17. Devosia albogilva sp. nov. and Devosia crocina sp. nov., isolated from a hexachlorocyclohexane dump site.

    PubMed

    Verma, Mansi; Kumar, Mukesh; Dadhwal, Mandeep; Kaur, Jaspreet; Lal, Rup

    2009-04-01

    Two bacterial strains, IPL15(T) and IPL20(T), isolated from a hexachlorocyclohexane dump site in India, were characterized by using a polyphasic approach. Based on 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, both strains belonged to the genus Devosia; highest sequence similarities of strain IPL15(T) were observed with Devosia neptuniae J1(T) and Devosia geojensis BD-c194(T) (96.2 % in each case) and the highest sequence similarity of strain IPL20(T) was observed with Devosia soli GH2-10(T) (98.6 %). Phylogenetic analysis showed the distinct lineages of strains IPL15(T) and IPL20(T) among members of the genus Devosia. The presence of C(18 : 0) 3-OH and C(10 : 0) 3-OH fatty acids supported their respective positions within the genus Devosia. On the basis of phenotypic characteristics, phylogenetic analysis and DNA-DNA hybridization results, it is concluded that strains IPL15(T) and IPL20(T) represent two distinct species of the genus Devosia for which the names Devosia albogilva sp. nov. and Devosia crocina sp. nov., respectively, are proposed. The type strains are Devosia albogilva IPL15(T) (=CCM 7427(T)=MTCC 8594(T)) and Devosia crocina IPL20(T) (=CCM 7425(T)=MTCC 8590(T)).

  18. Cryobacterium flavum sp. nov. and Cryobacterium luteum sp. nov., isolated from glacier ice.

    PubMed

    Liu, Qing; Liu, Hongcan; Wen, Ying; Zhou, Yuguang; Xin, Yuhua

    2012-06-01

    Gram-positive, rod-shaped bacteria, strains Hh8(T), Hh15(T) and Hh40-2, were isolated from the No. 1 glacier in Xinjiang, north-west China. Colonies of strain Hh8(T) were orange-yellow, convex and round on PYG plates. Strain Hh8(T) grew at 0-19 °C and pH 5.5-10.5. Colonies of strain Hh15(T), which was able to grow at 0-20 °C and pH 5.5-12, were lemon yellow, convex and round on PYG plates. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that these three strains were related to members of the genus Cryobacterium. The major cellular fatty acids of the novel strains were anteiso-C(15:0), iso-C(16:0), iso-C(15:0) and anteiso-C(15:1) A. On the basis of phenotypic characteristics, phylogenetic analysis and DNA-DNA relatedness data, two novel species, Cryobacterium flavum sp. nov. (type strain Hh8(T) = CGMCC 1.11215(T) = NBRC 107879(T)) and Cryobacterium luteum sp. nov. (type strain Hh15(T) = CGMCC 1.11210(T) = NBRC 107880(T)), are proposed.

  19. Methanobacterium petrolearium sp. nov. and Methanobacterium ferruginis sp. nov., mesophilic methanogens isolated from salty environments.

    PubMed

    Mori, Koji; Harayama, Shigeaki

    2011-01-01

    Two methane-producing archaea, designated Mic5c12(T) and Mic6c05(T), were isolated from sludge deposited in a crude oil storage tank and a tubercle on the interior of a pipe transporting natural gas-containing brine, respectively. The isolates were Gram-staining-variable, non-motile rods and grew only on H(2)/CO(2). Strain Mic6c05(T) produced methane from some alcohols without showing any growth; strain Mic5c12(T) did not utilize alcohols. The optimum growth conditions for strain Mic5c12(T) were 35 °C, pH 6.5 and 0-0.68 M NaCl and for strain Mic6c05(T) were 40 °C, pH 6.0-7.5 and 0.34 M NaCl. Strain Mic5c12(T) was halotolerant and strain Mic6c05(T) was halophilic. Comparative 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis revealed that strains Mic5c12(T) and Mic6c05(T) belonged to the genus Methanobacterium and their closest relative was Methanobacterium subterraneum A8p(T) (97.3 and 97.9 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity, respectively). The findings from the 16S rRNA gene sequence analyses were supported by analysis of McrA, the alpha subunit of methyl-coenzyme M reductase. On the basis of phylogenetic analyses and phenotypic characteristics, two novel species are proposed, Methanobacterium petrolearium sp. nov. and Methanobacterium ferruginis sp. nov., with type strains Mic5c12(T) (=NBRC 105198(T) =DSM 22353(T)) and Mic6c05(T) (=NBRC 105197(T) =DSM 21974(T)), respectively.

  20. Oceanobacillus damuensis sp. nov. and Oceanobacillus rekensis sp. nov., isolated from saline alkali soil samples.

    PubMed

    Long, Xiufeng; Ye, Renyuan; Zhang, Shuai; Liu, Bo; Zhang, Yuqin; Zeng, Zhigang; Tian, Yongqiang

    2015-09-01

    Two moderately halophilic strains, PT-11(T) and PT-20(T), were isolated from saline alkali soil samples collected in Shache County, Xinjiang Province, China. Both strains are aerobic, Gram-positive, motile rods. Strain PT-11(T) grows at 15-40 °C and at pH 6.5-10.0, while PT-20(T) grows at 15-40 °C and at pH 6.5-11.0. The major cellular fatty acids in both strains include anteiso-C15:0, anteiso-C17:0 and iso-C15:0. For both strains, the polar lipids consist of diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, an unidentified phospholipid and several unidentified lipids. In addition, strain PT-20(T) also contains phosphatidylcholine. The major isoprenoid quinone for both strains is MK-7. The genomic G+C content is 36.7 % for PT-11(T) and 39.2 % for PT-20(T). Phylogenetic analyses of 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that these two isolates are members of the genus Oceanobacillus. DNA-DNA hybridization indicated that strains PT-11(T) and PT-20(T) should be considered two distinct species. On the basis of both phylogenetic and chemotaxonomic data analyses, therefore, we conclude that PT-11(T) and PT-20(T) represent two novel species within the genus Oceanobacillus, for which we propose the names Oceanobacillus rekensis sp. nov. and Oceanobacillus damuensis sp. nov., respectively. The type strains are PT-11(T) (=KCTC 33144(T) = DSM 26900(T)) and PT-20(T) (=KCTC 33146(T) = DSM 26901(T)).

  1. Serratia myotis sp. nov. and Serratia vespertilionis sp. nov., isolated from bats hibernating in caves.

    PubMed

    García-Fraile, P; Chudíčková, M; Benada, O; Pikula, J; Kolařík, M

    2015-01-01

    During the study of bacteria associated with bats affected by white-nose syndrome hibernating in caves in the Czech Republic, we isolated two facultatively anaerobic, Gram-stain-negative bacteria, designated strains 12(T) and 52(T). Strains 12(T) and 52(T) were motile, rod-like bacteria (0.5-0.6 µm in diameter; 1-1.3 µm long), with optimal growth at 20-35 °C and pH 6-8. On the basis of the almost complete sequence of their 16S rRNA genes they should be classified within the genus Serratia; the closest relatives to strains 12(T) and 52(T) were Serratia quinivorans DSM 4597(T) (99.5 % similarity in 16S rRNA gene sequences) and Serratia ficaria DSM 4569(T) (99.5% similarity in 16S rRNA gene sequences), respectively. DNA-DNA relatedness between strain 12(T) and S. quinivorans DSM 4597(T) was only 37.1% and between strain 52(T) and S. ficaria DSM 4569(T) was only 56.2%. Both values are far below the 70% threshold value for species delineation. In view of these data, we propose the inclusion of the two isolates in the genus Serratia as representatives of Serratia myotis sp. nov. (type strain 12(T) =CECT 8594(T) =DSM 28726(T)) and Serratia vespertilionis sp. nov. (type strain 52(T) =CECT 8595(T) =DSM 28727(T)). © 2015 IUMS.

  2. Streptomyces rhizosphaerihabitans sp. nov. and Streptomyces adustus sp. nov., isolated from bamboo forest soil.

    PubMed

    Lee, Hyo-Jin; Whang, Kyung-Sook

    2016-09-01

    Three novel isolates belonging to the genus Streptomyces, designated JR-35T, JR-46 and WH-9T, were isolated from bamboo forest soil in Damyang, Korea. The 16S rRNA gene sequences of strains JR-35T and JR-46 showed highest similarities with Streptomyces olivochromogenes NBRC 3178T (99.1 %), Streptomyces siamensis KC-038T (98.9 %), Streptomyces chartreusis NBRC 12753T (98.9 %), Streptomyces resistomycificus NRRL ISP-5133T (98.9 %) and Streptomyces bobili JCM 4627T (98.8 %), and strain WH-9Tshowed highest sequence similarities with Streptomyces. bobili JCM 4627T (99.2 %), Streptomyces phaeoluteigriseus NRRL ISP-5182T (99.2 %), Streptomyces alboniger NBRC 12738T (99.2 %), Streptomyces galilaeus JCM 4757T (99.1 %) and Streptomyces pseudovenezuelae NBRC 12904T (99.1 %). The predominant menaquinones were MK-9 (H6) and MK-9 (H8). The major fatty acids were anteiso-C15 : 0, iso-C16 : 0, iso-C14 : 0 and iso-C15 : 0 for strains JR-35T and JR-46 and anteiso-C15 : 0, iso-C15 : 0 and iso-C16 : 0 for strain WH-9T. The G+C content of the genomic DNA of strains JR-35T, JR-46 and WH-9T were 69.4, 74.4 and 74.1 mol%, respectively. Based on the phenotypic and genotypic data, the three strains are assigned to two novel species of the genus Streptomyces, for which the names Streptomyces rhizosphaerihabitans sp. nov. (type stain JR-35T=KACC 17181T=NBRC 109807T) and Streptomyces adustus sp. nov. (type strain WH-9T=KACC 17197T=NBRC 109810T) are proposed.

  3. Mycobacterium sarraceniae sp. nov. and Mycobacterium helvum sp. nov., isolated from the pitcher plant Sarracenia purpurea.

    PubMed

    Tran, Phuong M; Dahl, John L

    2016-11-01

    Several fast- to intermediate-growing, acid-fast, scotochromogenic bacteria were isolated from Sarracenia purpurea pitcher waters in Minnesota sphagnum peat bogs. Two strains (DL734T and DL739T) were among these isolates. On the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequences, the phylogenetic positions of both strains is in the genus Mycobacterium with no obvious relation to any characterized type strains of mycobacteria. Phenotypic characterization revealed that neither strain was similar to the type strains of known species of the genus Mycobacterium in the collective properties of growth, pigmentation or fatty acid composition. Strain DL734T grew at temperatures between 28 and 32 °C, was positive for 3-day arylsulfatase production, and was negative for Tween 80 hydrolysis, urease and nitrate reduction. Strain DL739T grew at temperatures between 28 and 37 °C, and was positive for Tween 80 hydrolysis, urea, nitrate reduction and 3-day arylsulfatase production. Both strains were catalase-negative while only DL739T grew with 5 % NaCl. Fatty acid methyl ester profiles were unique for each strain. DL739T showed an ability to survive at 8 °C with little to no cellular replication and is thus considered to be psychrotolerant. Therefore, strains DL734T and DL739T represent two novel species of the genus Mycobacterium with the proposed names Mycobacterium sarraceniae sp. nov. and Mycobacterium helvum sp. nov., respectively. The type strains are DL734T (=JCM 30395T=NCCB 100519T) and DL739T (=JCM 30396T=NCCB 100520T), respectively.

  4. Phaeodactylibacter luteus sp. nov., isolated from the oleaginous microalga Picochlorum sp.

    PubMed

    Lei, Xueqian; Li, Yi; Wang, Guanghua; Chen, Yao; Lai, Qiliang; Chen, Zhangran; Zhang, Jingyan; Liao, Pingping; Zhu, Hong; Zheng, Wei; Zheng, Tianling

    2015-08-01

    A Gram-staining-negative, orange-pigmented, non-motile, aerobic bacterial strain, designated GYP20T, was isolated from a culture of the alga Picochlorum sp., a promising feedstock for biodiesel production, which was isolated from the India Ocean. Growth was observed at temperatures from 20 to 37 °C, salinities from 0 to 3% and pH from 5 to 9.Mg2+ and Ca2+ ions were required for growth. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequencing revealed that the strain was a member of the genus Phaeodactylibacter, which belongs to the family Saprospiraceae. Strain GYP20T was most closely related to Phaeodactylibacter xiamenensis KD52T (95.5% sequence similarity). The major fatty acids were iso-C15 : 1 G, iso-C15 : 0, iso-C17 : 0 3-OH and summed feature 3. The predominant respiratory quinone was menaquinone-7 (MK-7). The polar lipids of strain GYP20T were found to consist of diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, four unidentified glycolipids, two unidentified phospholipids and three unidentified aminolipids. According to its morphology, physiology, fatty acid composition and 16S rRNA sequence data, the novel strain most appropriately belongs to the genus Phaeodactylibacter, but can readily be distinguished from Phaeodactylibacter xiamenensis GYP20T. The name Phaeodactylibacter luteus sp. nov. is proposed with the type strain GYP20T ( = MCCC 1F01222T = KCTC 42180T).

  5. Draft Genome Sequences of Achromobacter piechaudii GCS2, Agrobacterium sp. Strain SUL3, Microbacterium sp. Strain GCS4, Shinella sp. Strain GWS1, and Shinella sp. Strain SUS2 Isolated from Consortium with the Hydrocarbon-Producing Alga Botryococcus braunii.

    PubMed

    Jones, Katy J; Moore, Karen; Sambles, Christine; Love, John; Studholme, David J; Aves, Stephen J

    2016-01-14

    A variety of bacteria associate with the hydrocarbon-producing microalga Botryococcus braunii, some of which may influence its growth. We report here the genome sequences for Achromobacter piechaudii GCS2, Agrobacterium sp. strain SUL3, Microbacterium sp. strain GCS4, and Shinella sp. strains GWS1 and SUS2, isolated from a laboratory culture of B. braunii, race B, strain Guadeloupe.

  6. Paenibacillus rhizoryzae sp. nov., isolated from rice rhizosphere.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Lei; Gao, Ju-Sheng; Zhang, Shuang; Ali Sheirdil, Rizwan; Wang, Xiu-Cheng; Zhang, Xiao-Xia

    2015-09-01

    A Gram-stain-positive, endospore-forming, rod-shaped bacterium, designated 1ZS3-5(T), was isolated from rice rhizosphere in Hunan Province, PR China. The isolate was identified as a member of the genus Paenibacillus on the basis of phenotypic characteristics and phylogenetic inference analysis. The 16S rRNA and rpoB gene (β-subunit of bacterial RNA polymerase) sequences were closely related to those of Paenibacillus taihuensis CGMCC 1.10966(T) with similarities of 97.2% and 89.7%, respectively. The DNA-DNA hybridization value between 1ZS3-5(T) and P. taihuensis CGMCC 1.10966(T) was 33.4%. The DNA G+C content of 1ZS3-5(T) was 47.5 mol%. The major polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, unidentified aminophospholipid and unknown phospholipid. The predominant respiratory quinone was MK-7. The diamino acid found in the cell-wall peptidoglycan was meso-diaminopimelic acid. The major cellular fatty acids were anteiso-C15 : 0, iso-C15 : 0 and iso-C16 : 0. Based on these results, 1ZS3-5(T) is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Paenibacillus, for which the name Paenibacillus rhizoryzae sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is 1ZS3-5(T) ( = ACCC 19782(T) = DSM 29322(T)).

  7. Paenibacillus terreus sp. nov., isolated from forest soil.

    PubMed

    Huang, Zhi; Dai, Wenjuan; Zhou, Zhijun; Wang, Guoxiang; Lin, Guoqing; Yan, Xixue; Zhao, Fei

    2016-01-01

    A Gram-stain-positive, rod-shaped, endospore-forming, motile bacterium, designated D33T, was isolated from a forest soil sample. The strain grew optimally at 30-37 °C, pH 8.0 and with 1 % (w/v) NaCl. The 16S rRNA gene sequence of the isolate showed similarities lower than 97 % with respect to species of the genus Paenibacillus. Strain D33T contained meso-diaminopimelic acid in the cell-wall peptidoglycan, and ribose and lower amounts of glucose and galactose as the whole-cell sugars. The major cellular fatty acid was anteiso-C15 : 0, and menaquinone-7 (MK-7) was the only respiratory quinone. The polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylmethylethanolamine, two glycolipids and an unknown lipid. The DNA G+C content was 51.1 mol%. The low DNA-DNA relatedness values between strain D33T and recognized species of the genus Paenibacillus, together with many phenotypic properties supported the classification of strain D33T as representative of a novel species of the genus Paenibacillus, for which the name Paenibacillus terreus sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is D33T ( = KACC 18491T = DSM 100035T = CCTCC AB 2015273T).

  8. Deefgea chitinilytica sp. nov., isolated from a wetland.

    PubMed

    Chen, Wen-Ming; Chung, Yu-Ni; Chiu, Tzu-Fang; Cheng, Chih-Yu; Arun, A B; Sheu, Shih-Yi

    2010-06-01

    A bacterial strain, designated Nsw-4(T), was isolated from a water sample of Niao-Song Wetland Park in Taiwan and was characterized by using a polyphasic taxonomic approach. Strain Nsw-4(T) was Gram-negative, aerobic, ivory-coloured, rod-shaped and motile by means of a polar flagellum. Growth occurred at 15-37 degrees C, pH 6.0-8.0 and 0-2 % NaCl. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that the strain belonged to the genus Deefgea and that its closest neighbour was Deefgea rivuli WB 3.4-79(T) (96.9 %). The results of physiological and biochemical tests allowed the clear phenotypic differentiation of this isolate from D. rivuli WB 3.4-79(T). The major fatty acids were C16 : 1omega7c and C16 : 0. The G+C content of the genomic DNA was 53.7 mol%. On the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis and the chemotaxonomic and physiological data, strain Nsw-4(T) should be classified as representing a novel species and the second member of the genus Deefgea, for which the name Deefgea chitinilytica sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is Nsw-4(T) (=BCRC 17934(T)=LMG 24817(T)).

  9. Micromonospora luteifusca sp. nov. isolated from cultivated Pisum sativum.

    PubMed

    Carro, Lorena; Riesco, Raúl; Spröer, Cathrin; Trujillo, Martha E

    2016-06-01

    Three novel actinobacterial strains, GUI2(T), GUI42 and CR21 isolated from nodular tissues and the rhizosphere of a sweet pea plant collected in Cañizal, Spain were identified according to their 16S rRNA gene sequences as new members of the genus Micromonospora. The closest phylogenetic members were found to be Micromonospora saelicesensis (99.2%) "Micromonospora zeae" (99.1%), "Micromonospora jinlongensis" (99%), Micromonospora lupini (98.9%) and Micromonospora zamorensis (98.8%). To resolve their full taxonomic position, four additional genes (atpD, gyrB, recA, rpoB) were partially sequenced and compared to available Micromonospora type strain sequences. DNA-DNA hybridization, BOX-PCR and ARDRA profiles confirmed that these strains represent a novel genomic species. All strains contained meso-diaminopimelic and hydroxy-diaminopimelic acids in their cell wall. Their fatty acid profiles comprised iso-C15:0, iso-C16:0 and anteiso-C15:0 as major components. The polar lipids diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine and phosphatidylinositol were found in the type strain GUI2(T) which also contained MK-10(H4) as the major menaquinone. Physiological and biochemical characteristics also differentiated the new isolates. Based on the integration of the above studies, strains GUI2(T), GUI42 and CR21 represent a novel Micromonospora species and we propose the name Micromonospora luteifusca sp. nov. The type strain is GUI2(T) (=CECT 8846(T); =DSM 100204(T)).

  10. Acinetobacter plantarum sp. nov. isolated from wheat seedlings plant.

    PubMed

    Du, Juan; Singh, Hina; Yu, Hongshan; Jin, Feng-Xie; Yi, Tae-Hoo

    2016-07-01

    Strain THG-SQM11(T), a Gram-negative, aerobic, non-motile, coccus-shaped bacterium, was isolated from wheat seedlings plant in P. R. China. Strain THG-SQM11(T) was closely related to members of the genus Acinetobacter and showed the highest 16S rRNA sequence similarities with Acinetobacter junii (97.9 %) and Acinetobacter kookii (96.1 %). DNA-DNA hybridization showed 41.3 ± 2.4 % DNA reassociation with A. junii KCTC 12416(T). Chemotaxonomic data revealed that strain THG-SQM11(T) possesses ubiquinone-9 as the predominant respiratory quinone, C18:1 ω9c, summed feature 3 (C16:1 ω7c and/or C16:1 ω6c), and C16:0 as the major fatty acids. The major polar lipids were found to be diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, and phosphatidylcholine. The DNA G+C content was 41.7 mol %. These data, together with phenotypic characterization, suggest that the isolate represents a novel species, for which the name Acinetobacter plantarum sp. nov. is proposed, with THG-SQM11(T) as the type strain (=CCTCC AB 2015123(T) =KCTC 42611(T)).

  11. Enterococcus alcedinis sp. nov., isolated from common kingfisher (Alcedo atthis).

    PubMed

    Frolková, Petra; Švec, Pavel; Sedláček, Ivo; Mašlaňová, Ivana; Černohlávková, Jitka; Ghosh, Anuradha; Zurek, Ludek; Radiměřský, Tomáš; Literák, Ivan

    2013-08-01

    Two Gram-positive, catalase-negative bacterial strains were isolated from the cloaca of common kingfishers (Alcedo atthis). Repetitive sequence-based PCR fingerprinting using the (GTG)5 primer grouped these isolates into a single cluster separated from all known enterococcal species. The two strains revealed identical 16S rRNA gene sequences placing them within the genus Enterococcus with Enterococcus aquimarinus LMG 16607(T) as the closest relative (97.14 % similarity). Further taxonomic investigation using sequencing of the genes for the superoxide dismutase (sodA), phenylalanyl-tRNA synthase alpha subunit (pheS) and the RNA polymerase alpha subunit (rpoA) as well as application of whole-cell protein fingerprinting, automated ribotyping and extensive phenotyping confirmed that both strains belong to the same species. Based on data from this polyphasic study, these strains represent a novel species of the genus Enterococcus, for which the name Enterococcus alcedinis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is L34(T) (= CCM 8433(T) = LMG 27164(T)).

  12. Bradyrhizobium cajani sp. nov. isolated from nodules of Cajanus cajan.

    PubMed

    Araújo, Juan; Flores-Félix, José David; Igual, José M; Peix, Alvaro; González-Andrés, Fernando; Díaz-Alcántara, César Antonio; Velázquez, Encarna

    2017-07-01

    Two slow-growing strains, AMBPC1010T and AMBPC1011, were isolated from nodules of Cajanus cajan in the Dominican Republic. 16S rRNA gene analysis placed these strains within the genus Bradyrhizobium, being phylogenetically equidistant to several species of this genus. Analysis of the recA and atpD genes showed that the strains isolated belong to a cluster containing the strains Bradyrhizobium ottawaense OO99T, 'Bradyrhizobium americanum' CMVU44 and Bradyrhizobium daqingense CCBAU 15774T, and presented similarity values lower than 96 % for both genes with respect to the strains nodulating C. cajan. DNA-DNA hybridization analysis showed averages of 36, 40 and 39 % relatedness with respect to the representative strains of Bradyrhizobium ottawaense, 'Bradyrhizobium americanum' and Bradyrhizobium daqingense, respectively. Phenotypic characteristics also differed from those of the most closely related species of the genus Bradyrhizobium. Therefore, based on the data obtained in this study, we propose to classify the strains AMBPC1010T (=LMG 29967T=CECT 9227T) and AMBPC1011 into a novel species named Bradyrhizobium cajani sp. nov.

  13. Actinomadura darangshiensis sp. nov., isolated from a volcanic cone.

    PubMed

    Lee, Soon Dong; Kim, Seung Bum

    2015-05-01

    An actinobacterium, designated strain DLS-70(T), was isolated from a soil sample from the surface of a rock on the peak of Darangshi Oreum (a volcanic cone) in Jeju, Republic of Korea. Substrate mycelium was produced abundantly on most of the media tested. Spiral chains of spores with warty surface developed on the aerial hyphae. A phylogenetic tree based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain DLS-70(T) belonged to the genus Actinomadura and was most closely related to Actinomadura bangladeshensis DSM 45347(T) (98.9% sequence similarity), Actinomadura madurae DSM 43067(T) (98.8%) and Actinomadura chokoriensis DSM 45346(T) (98.6%). Chemotaxonomic observations supported the assignment of the isolate to the genus Actinomadura . DNA-DNA relatedness values between strain DLS-70(T) and the type strains of the closest phylogenetic relatives were less than 20%. On the basis of data from this polyphasic study, strain DLS-70(T) ( =KCTC 29224(T) =DSM 45941(T)) is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Actinomadura , for which the name Actinomadura darangshiensis sp. nov. is proposed.

  14. Streptomyces hypolithicus sp. nov., isolated from an Antarctic hypolith community.

    PubMed

    Le Roes-Hill, Marilize; Rohland, Jeffrey; Meyers, Paul R; Cowan, Don A; Burton, Stephanie G

    2009-08-01

    As part of an enzyme-screening programme, an actinobacterium, strain HSM#10T, was isolated from a sample collected from the base of a translucent quartz rock in Miers Valley, eastern Antarctica. The isolate produced branching vegetative mycelium that was characteristic of filamentous actinobacteria. The chemotaxonomic characteristics of the strain suggested that HSM#10T should be classified as a member of the genus Streptomyces. Furthermore, phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that the strain was closely related to members of the genus Streptomyces, which supports the classification of this strain within the family Streptomycetaceae. Phenotypic and phylogenetic results allowed strain HSM#10T to be differentiated from known streptomycetes. DNA-DNA hybridization data also showed that strain HSM#10T could be differentiated from its nearest phylogenetic neighbours Streptomyces chryseus DSM 40420T (53.55+/-3.15% DNA relatedness), Streptomyces helvaticus DSM 40431T (38.75+/-2.75%), Streptomyces flavidovirens DSM 40150T (30.7+/-2.90%) and Streptomyces albidochromogenes DSM 41800T (33.9+/-0.10%). Therefore, the name Streptomyces hypolithicus sp. nov. is proposed, with HSM#10T (=DSM 41950T=NRRL B-24669T) as the type strain.

  15. Pseudomonas asturiensis sp. nov., isolated from soybean and weeds.

    PubMed

    González, Ana J; Cleenwerck, Ilse; De Vos, Paul; Fernández-Sanz, Ana M

    2013-07-01

    Five strains of gram negative bacteria, isolated from soybean (LPPA 221(T), 222 and 223) and weeds (LPPA 816 and 1442), were analyzed by a polyphasic approach. The isolates showed variation in their phenotypic traits and were placed in the Pseudomonas fluorescens lineage, based on 16S rRNA gene sequence phylogeny, as a single but well separated cluster. MLSA analysis based on gyrB and rpoD sequences clustered the strains in a single branch in the Pseudomonas syringae group, and revealed P. viridiflava as closest relative. DNA-DNA hybridizations showed medium levels of DNA-DNA relatedness with the type strain of P. viridiflava (50%) and lower levels (<32%) with other type strains of the P. syringae group, supporting classification within a novel species of the genus Pseudomonas. The strains can be distinguished from species of the P. syringae group by the fatty acid C17:0 cyclo that is present in a low amount (2.5%) and from P. viridiflava by their inability to assimilate d-tartrate and d-sorbitol, and by the formation of red colonies on TTC medium. For this new species, the name Pseudomonas asturiensis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is LPPA 221(T) (=LMG 26898(T)=CECT 8095(T)).

  16. Streptococcus rubneri sp. nov., isolated from the human throat.

    PubMed

    Huch, Melanie; De Bruyne, Katrien; Cleenwerck, Ilse; Bub, Achim; Cho, Gyu-Sung; Watzl, Bernhard; Snauwaert, Isabel; Franz, Charles M A P; Vandamme, Peter

    2013-11-01

    The novel, Gram-stain-positive, ovoid, lactic acid bacterial isolates LMG 27205, LMG 27206, LMG 27207(T) and MRI-F 18 were obtained from throat samples of healthy humans. 16S rRNA gene sequence analyses indicated that these isolates belong to the genus Streptococcus, specifically the Streptococcus mitis group, with Streptococcus australis and Streptococcus mitis as the nearest neighbours (99.45 and 98.56 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity to the respective type strains). Genotypic fingerprinting by fluorescent amplified fragment length polymorphism (FAFLP) and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE), DNA-DNA hybridizations, comparative sequence analysis of pheS, rpoA and atpA and physiological and biochemical tests revealed that these bacteria formed a taxon well separated from its nearest neighbours and other species of the genus Streptococcus with validly published names and, therefore, represent a novel species, for which the name Streptococcus rubneri sp. nov. is proposed, with LMG 27207(T) ( = DSM 26920(T)) as the type strain.

  17. Sphingopyxis panaciterrae sp. nov., isolated from soil from ginseng field.

    PubMed

    Lee, Hae-Won; Ten, Irina L; Jung, Hae-Min; Liu, Qing-Mei; Im, Wan-Taek; Lee, Sung-Taik

    2008-06-01

    A Gram-negative, strictly aerobic, motile bacterial strain, designated Gsoil 124T, was isolated from a soil sample taken from a ginseng field in Pocheon Province (South Korea). The isolate contained Q-10 as the predominant lipoquinone, plus C18:1 7c and summed feature 4 (C16:1 6c and/or iso- C15:0 2-OH) as the major fatty acids. The G+C content of the genomic DNA was 68.1 mol%, and the major polar lipids consisted of sphingoglycolipid, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine, and phosphatidylethanolamine. A comparative 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis showed that strain Gsoil 124T was most closely related to Sphingopyxis chilensis (98.7%), Sphingopyxis alaskensis (98.2%), Sphingopyxis witflariensis (98.2%), Sphingopyxis taejonensis (98.0%), and Sphingopyxis macrogoltabida (97.6%). However, the DNA-DNA relatedness between strain Gsoil 124T and its phylogenetically closest neighbors was less than 22%. Thus, on the basis of its phenotypic properties and phylogenetic distinctiveness, strain Gsoil 124T should be classified as representing a novel species in the genus Sphingopyxis, for which the name Sphingopyxis panaciterrae sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is Gsoil 124T (=KCTC 12580T=LMG 24003T).

  18. Trichophyton onychocola sp. nov. isolated from human nail.

    PubMed

    Hubka, Vit; Cmokova, Adela; Skorepova, Magdalena; Mikula, Peter; Kolarik, Miroslav

    2014-04-01

    A previously undescribed Trichophyton species was isolated from the nail of a 33-year-old man with a history of probable distal lateral subungual onychomycosis (without confirmation by mycological examination). The infection occurred for the first time five years earlier (in 2006) and affected the right great toenail, with complete clinical remission after treatment with ciclopirox olamine. This undescribed species was isolated during probable relapse in 2011, but its etiological significance was not confirmed, that is, direct microscopy was negative and additional clinical samples were not collected. The species is probably geophilic based on phylogenetic analysis (internal transcribed spacer [ITS] rDNA) and is most closely related to the anamorphic T. thuringiense, homothallic Arthroderma ciferrii (anamorph T. georgiae), and heterothallic A. melis. The new species is characterized by yellowish colonies, red reverse on several media, positive urease test, negative hair-perforation test, absence of growth at 34°C, absence of macroconidia, formation of one-celled clavate microconidia, and spiral hyphae. The species grows well on sterilized human hairs placed on agar medium without any additional nutrients and forms gymnothecium-like structures covered by peridial hyphae. The combination of unique micro- and macromorphological features and physiological and sequence data from four unlinked loci (ITS, benA, RPB2, and act1 gene) justified the proposal of a new species T. onychocola sp. nov.

  19. Paenibacillus cisolokensis sp. nov., isolated from litter of a geyser.

    PubMed

    Yokota, Akira; Ningsih, Fitria; Nurlaili, Dafina Ghossani; Sakai, Yasuteru; Yabe, Shuhei; Oetari, Ariyanti; Santoso, Iman; Sjamsuridzal, Wellyzar

    2016-08-01

    A Gram-stain-positive, endospore-forming, aerobic and thermophilic bacterium, designated strain LC2-13AT, was isolated from Cisolok geyser, West Java, Indonesia, at 50 °C. The isolate was rod-shaped and motile by means of peritrichous flagella. The major cellular fatty acids were iso-C16 : 0, C16 : 0 and anteiso-C15 : 0 and the major quinone was menaquinone 7. The major polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol and phosphatidylethanolamine. The genomic DNA G+C content was 56.6 mol% and the major diagnostic diamino acid in the cell-wall peptidoglycan was meso-diaminopimelic acid. Phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence indicated that strain LC2-13AT is related most closely to Paenibacillus kobensis DSM 10249T (94.86 % similarity), Paenibacillus tarimensis SA-7-6T (94.77 %) and Paenibacillus barengoltzii SAFN-016T (94.77 %). On the basis of phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic evidence, strain LC2-13AT is affiliated to the genus Paenibacillus, but could be distinguished from recognized species of this genus. A novel species with the name Paenibacillus cisolokensis sp. nov. is thus proposed. The type strain is LC2-13AT (=UICC B-42T=NRRL B-65368T=DSM 101873T).

  20. Devosia elaeis sp. nov., isolated from oil palm rhizospheric soil.

    PubMed

    Mohd Nor, Muhammad Nuruddin; Sabaratnam, Vikineswary; Tan, Geok Yuan Annie

    2017-04-01

    A bacterial isolate, designated strain S37T, was isolated from the rhizosphere of oil palm (Elaeis guineensis). Strain S37T was found to be Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, motile and rod shaped. Based on 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, strain S37T was most closely related to Devosia albogilva IPL15T (97.3 %), Devosia chinhatensis IPL18T (96.8 %) and Devosia subaequoris HST3-14T (96.5 %). The G+C content of the genomic DNA was 63.0 mol%, and dominant cellular fatty acids were summed feature 8 (C18 : 1ω7c and/or C18 : 1ω6c), 11-methyl C18 : 1ω7c and C16 : 0. The predominant isoprenoid quinone was ubiquinone-10 (Q-10), and the major polar lipids were phosphatidylglycerol, diphosphatidylglycerol, glycolipid and phospholipids. Based on the polyphasic taxonomic data, it is clear that strain S37T represents a novel species of the genus Devosia within the family Hyphomicrobiaceae, for which we propose the name Devosia elaeis sp. nov., with strain S37T (=TBRC 5145T=LMG 29420T) as the type strain.

  1. Actinomycetospora rishiriensis sp. nov., isolated from a lichen.

    PubMed

    Yamamura, Hideki; Ashizawa, Haruna; Nakagawa, Youji; Hamada, Moriyuki; Ishida, Yuumi; Otoguro, Misa; Tamura, Tomohiko; Hayakawa, Masayuki

    2011-11-01

    An actinomycete, strain RI109-Li102(T), was isolated from a lichen sample obtained from Rishiri Island in Japan. Cells of strain RI109-Li102(T) were Gram-positive, aerobic and non-motile and formed bud-like spore chains. The isolate grew with 0-3 % (w/v) NaCl, at pH 5-9 and at 10-30 °C (optimum 30 °C). The whole-cell hydrolysate contained meso-diaminopimelic acid, arabinose and galactose. The predominant menaquinone was MK-8(H(4)) and the diagnostic phospholipids were phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylinositol and diphosphatidylglycerol. The major cellular fatty acids were iso-C(16 : 0) and iso-C(16 : 1) H. Comparative 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis revealed that strain RI109-Li102(T) was most closely related to Actinomycetospora corticicola 014-5(T) (99.0 % rRNA gene sequence similarity) and Actinomycetospora chiangmaiensis YIM 0006(T) (98.4 %). However, DNA-DNA hybridization assays, as well as physiological and biochemical analyses, showed that strain RI109-Li102(T) could be differentiated from its closest phylogenetic relatives. It is proposed that strain RI109-Li102(T) ( = NBRC 106356(T) = KCTC 19782(T)) be classified as the type strain of a novel species, with the name Actinomycetospora rishiriensis sp. nov.

  2. Rhodococcus kyotonensis sp. nov., a novel actinomycete isolated from soil.

    PubMed

    Li, Bing; Furihata, Keiko; Ding, Lin-Xian; Yokota, Akira

    2007-09-01

    A polyphasic study was undertaken to establish the taxonomic position of an isolate, strain DS472(T), from soil in Kyoto, Japan. Phylogenetic analysis, based on the 16S rRNA gene sequences, revealed that this strain constitutes a new subline within the genus Rhodococcus, with Rhodococcus yunnanensis YIM 70056(T) and Rhodococcus fascians DSM 20669(T) as its nearest phylogenetic neighbours (98.2 and 97.8 % sequence similarity, respectively). DNA-DNA hybridization experiments revealed 36 and 29 % relatedness between the isolate and its phylogenetic relatives, R. yunnanensis and R. fascians, respectively. Chemotaxonomic characteristics, including the major quinone MK-8(H(2)), predominant fatty acids C(16 : 0), C(18 : 1)omega9c and 10-methyl C(18 : 0), the presence of cell-wall chemotype IV and mycolic acids, were consistent with the properties of members of the genus Rhodococcus. The DNA G+C content was 64.5 mol%. On the basis of both phenotypic and genotypic evidence, strain DS472(T) represents a novel species of the genus Rhodococcus, for which the name Rhodococcus kyotonensis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is strain DS472(T) (=IAM 15415(T)=CCTCC AB206088(T)).

  3. Cohnella arctica sp. nov., isolated from Arctic tundra soil.

    PubMed

    Jiang, Fan; Dai, Jun; Wang, Yang; Xue, Xiuqing; Xu, Mengbo; Li, Wenxin; Fang, Chengxiang; Peng, Fang

    2012-04-01

    A psychrotolerant Gram-reaction-negative, rod-shaped and orange-pigmented bacterium, designated strain M9-62T, which was motile by means of peritrichous flagella, was isolated from tundra soil sampled near Ny-Ålesund, Svalbard Islands, Norway (78° N). Growth occurred at 4-30 °C (optimum, 25 °C) and pH 5.0-8.0 (optimum, pH 6.0-7.0). Analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequence of strain M9-62T placed it in the genus Cohnella; sequence similarities of the isolate with type strains of members of related genera ranged from 92.0 to 96.3 %. Strain M9-62T contained anteiso-C15:0 (51.1 %), iso-C16:0 (7.5 %) and C16:0 (6.1 %) as the major cellular fatty acids and diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine and lysyl-phosphatidylglycerol as the main polar lipids. The major respiratory quinone was MK-7 and the DNA G+C content was 50.3 mol%. On the basis of phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic data, strain M9-62T is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Cohnella, for which the name Cohnella arctica sp. nov. is proposed; the type strain is M9-62T (=CCTCC AB 2010228T=NRRL B-59459T).

  4. Lactobacillus curieae sp. nov., isolated from stinky tofu brine.

    PubMed

    Lei, Xiao; Sun, Guipeng; Xie, Jingli; Wei, Dongzhi

    2013-07-01

    A lactic acid bacterium, strain CCTCC M 2011381(T), isolated from the brine of the traditional Chinese snack, stinky tofu, was studied to determine its taxonomic position. It was a Gram-stain-positive, non-motile, facultatively anaerobic rod-shaped bacterium that did not exhibit catalase activity. The DNA G+C content of the strain was 44.1 % and its peptidoglycan was characterized by the presence of meso-diaminopimelic acid. Levels of 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity between strain CCTCC M 2011381(T) and the most closely related species Lactobacillus senioris JCM 17472(T), Lactobacillus parafarraginis JCM 14109(T) and Lactobacillus diolivorans JCM 12183(T) were 96.5, 96.4 and 96.4 %, respectively. Combined with data from high-resolution genomic markers recA, rpoA and pheS, strain CCTCC M 2011381(T) was classified as representing a novel species. The strain could also be distinguished from other related species of the genus Lactobacillus by its physiological and biochemical characteristics. Based on the phylogenetic, physiological and biochemical data, it is proposed that the new isolate can be classified as representing a novel species of the genus Lactobacillus, for which the name Lactobacillus curieae sp. nov. (type strain CCTCC M 2011381(T) = S1L19(T) = JCM 18524(T)) is proposed.

  5. Lactobacillus porcinae sp. nov., isolated from traditional Vietnamese nem chua.

    PubMed

    Nguyen, Doan Thi Lam; Cnockaert, Margo; Van Hoorde, Koenraad; De Brandt, Evie; Snauwaert, Isabel; Snauwaert, Cindy; De Vuyst, Luc; Le, Binh Thanh; Vandamme, Peter

    2013-05-01

    A species diversity study of lactic acid bacteria occurring in traditional Vietnamese nem chua yielded an isolate, LMG 26767(T), that could not be assigned to a species with a validly published name. The isolate was initially investigated by 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, which revealed that it belonged to the genus Lactobacillus, with Lactobacillus manihotivorans and Lactobacillus camelliae as the closest relatives (98.9 % and 96.9 % gene sequence similarity to the type strains, respectively). Comparative (GTG)5-PCR genomic fingerprinting confirmed the unique taxonomic status of the novel strain. DNA-DNA hybridization experiments, DNA G+C content determination, sequence analysis of the phenylalanyl-tRNA synthase (pheS) gene, and physiological and biochemical characterization demonstrated that strain LMG 26767(T) represents a novel species, for which the name Lactobacillus porcinae sp. nov. is proposed; the type strain is LMG 26767(T) ( = CCUG 62266(T)). Biochemically, L. porcinae can be distinguished from L. manihotivorans and L. camelliae by its carbohydrate fermentation profile, absence of growth at 45 °C, and production of d- and l-lactate as end products of glucose metabolism.

  6. Pelistega suis sp. nov., isolated from domestic and wild animals.

    PubMed

    Vela, Ana I; Perez Sancho, Marta; Domínguez, Lucas; Busse, Hans-Jürgen; Fernández-Garayzábal, Jose F

    2015-12-01

    Biochemical and molecular genetic studies were performed on three novel Gram-stain-negative, catalase- and oxidase-positive, bacilli-shaped organisms isolated from the tonsils of two pigs and one wild boar. The micro-organism was identified as a species of the genus Pelistega based on its cellular morphological and biochemical tests. The closest phylogenetic relative of the novel bacilli was Pelistega indica HM-7T (98.2 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity to the type strain). groEL and gyrB sequence analysis showed interspecies divergence from the closest 16S rRNA gene phylogenetic relative, P. indica of 87.0.% and 69 %, respectively. The polyamine pattern contains predominantly putrescine and 2-hydroxyputrescine. The major quinone is ubiquinone Q-8 and in the polar lipid profile, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, an unidentified aminolipid and an unidentified lipid are predominant. The novel bacterial isolate can be distinguished from P. indica by several biochemical characteristics, such as the production of l-pyrrolydonil arylamidase but not gamma-glutamyl-transferase, and the utilization of different carbon sources. Based on both phenotypic and phylogenetic findings, the novel bacterium is classified as representing a novel species of the genus Pelistega, for which the name Pelistega suis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is 3340-03T ( = CECT 8400T = CCUG 64465T).

  7. Aquabacterium fontiphilum sp. nov., isolated from spring water.

    PubMed

    Lin, Mei-Chun; Jiang, Sing-Rong; Chou, Jui-Hsing; Arun, A B; Young, Chiu-Chung; Chen, Wen-Ming

    2009-04-01

    A short-rod-shaped, Gram-negative, motile bacterial strain, designated CS-6(T), was isolated from a water sample collected from a spring located inside Nature Valley, Hsinchu County, Taiwan, and was characterized using a polyphasic approach. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that the strain formed a monophyletic branch at the periphery of the evolutionary radiation occupied by the genus Aquabacterium in the class Betaproteobacteria. The closest neighbours were Aquabacterium parvum B6(T) (96.7 % sequence similarity), Aquabacterium commune B8(T) (96.6 %) and Aquabacterium citratiphilum B4(T) (95.9 %). The predominant fatty acids were 18 : 1omega7c (30.5 %), 16 : 0 (27.9 %) and summed feature 3 (16 : 1omega7c and/or iso-15 : 0 2-OH) (22.7 %). The DNA-DNA relatedness of the strain with respect to recognized species of the genus Aquabacterium was less than 70 %. The isolate was also distinguishable from members of the genus Aquabacterium on the basis of phenotypic and biochemical characteristics. It is evident from the genotypic, chemotaxonomic and phenotypic data, therefore, that strain CS-6(T) represents a novel species of the genus Aquabacterium, for which the name Aquabacterium fontiphilum sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is CS-6(T) (=LMG 24215(T)=BCRC 17729(T)).

  8. Streptosporangium algeriense sp. nov., an actinobacterium isolated from desert soil.

    PubMed

    Boubetra, Dalila; Bouras, Noureddine; Zitouni, Abdelghani; Schumann, Peter; Spröer, Cathrin; Sabaou, Nasserdine; Klenk, Hans-Peter

    2015-12-08

    The taxonomic position of a novel actinobacterium, strain 169T, isolated from a sample of Algerian Saharan soil, was determined using a polyphasic taxonomic approach. The aerial mycelium produces non-motile, round to oval shaped spores, with a smooth surface, sessile or carried by short sporophores. Chemotaxonomically, the isolate 169T showed the same results as members of the genus Streptosporangium, but madurose, the so far diagnostic sugar of the genus, was not detected in the whole-cell hydrolysate. Despite the absence of sporangia, the 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis confirmed that strain 169T was a member of the genus Streptosporangium. Strain 169T was most closely related to Streptosporangium jomthongense DSM 46822T (99.3 %), which is the only non-sporangia-forming species reported among the genus. However, DNA-DNA hybridization studies with this species showed 60 % similarity. Based upon genotypic and phenotypic data, a novel species, Streptosporangium algeriense sp. nov., is proposed, with 169T (=DSM 45455T =MTCC 11561T =CCUG 62974T) as the type strain.

  9. Cloacibacterium rupense sp. nov., isolated from freshwater lake sediment.

    PubMed

    Cao, Shu-Juan; Deng, Chun-Ping; Li, Bao-Zhen; Dong, Xiu-Qin; Yuan, Hong-Li

    2010-09-01

    A Gram-negative, yellow-pigmented bacterium, designated strain R2A-16(T), was isolated from sediment of Rupa Lake in Nepal and analysed using a polyphasic taxonomic approach. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain R2A-16(T) is affiliated to the genus Cloacibacterium of the family Flavobacteriaceae; 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity between strain R2A-16(T) and Cloacibacterium normanense CCUG 46293(T) was 98.07 %. The isolate contained iso-C(15 : 0) (35.6 %) as the major fatty acid and menaquinone MK-6 as the predominant respiratory quinone. The G+C content of the genomic DNA was 33.3 mol%. On the basis of its phenotypic properties and phylogenetic distinctiveness, strain R2A-16(T) represents a novel species of the genus Cloacibacterium, for which the name Cloacibacterium rupense sp. nov. is proposed; the type strain is R2A-16(T) (=CGMCC 1.7656(T) =NBRC 104931(T)).

  10. Burkholderia monticola sp. nov., isolated from mountain soil.

    PubMed

    Baek, Inwoo; Seo, Boram; Lee, Imchang; Yi, Hana; Chun, Jongsik

    2015-02-01

    An ivory/yellow, Gram-stain-negative, short-rod-shaped, aerobic bacterial strain, designated JC2948(T), was isolated from a soil sample taken from Gwanak Mountain, Republic of Korea. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis indicated that strain JC2948(T) belongs to the genus Burkholderia. The test strain showed highest sequence similarities to Burkholderia tropica LMG 22274(T) (97.6 %), Burkholderia acidipaludis NBRC 101816(T) (97.5 %), Burkholderia tuberum LMG 21444(T) (97.5 %), Burkholderia sprentiae LMG 27175(T) (97.4 %), Burkholderia terricola LMG 20594(T) (97.3 %) and Burkholderia diazotrophica LMG 26031(T) (97.1 %). Based on average nucleotide identity (ANI) values, the new isolate represents a novel genomic species as it shows less than 90 % ANI values with other closely related species. Also, other phylosiological and biochemical comparisons allowed the phenotypic differentiation of strain JC2948(T) from other members of the genus Burkholderia. Therefore, we suggest that this strain should be classified as the type strain of a novel species of the genus Burkholderia. The name Burkholderia monticola sp. nov. (type strain, JC2948(T) = JCM 19904(T) = KACC 17924(T)) is proposed.

  11. Microbacterium murale sp. nov., isolated from an indoor wall.

    PubMed

    Kämpfer, P; Schäfer, J; Lodders, N; Martin, K

    2012-11-01

    A Gram-positive rod, designated 01-Gi-001(T), was isolated from a wall colonized with moulds. The 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis clearly showed that the isolate belonged to the genus Microbacterium. On the basis of pairwise comparisons of 16S rRNA gene sequences, strain 01-Gi-001(T) was most closely related to Microbacterium hydrocarbonoxydans DSM 16089(T) (98.9% sequence similarity), Microbacterium profundi Shh49(T) (98.7%), Microbacterium phyllosphaerae DSM 13468(T) (98.3%) and Microbacterium foliorum DSM 12966(T) (98.1%). The diagnostic diamino acid of the peptidoglycan was ornithine. The major menaquinones detected were MK-13 and MK-12. The major polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, one unknown phospholipid and one unknown glycolipid. The major fatty acids were anteiso-C(15:0), iso-C(16:0) and anteiso-C(17:0), which were in agreement with those reported for other members of the genus Microbacterium. Physiological and biochemical characteristics and DNA-DNA relatedness between strain 01-Gi-001(T) and the type strains of its closest phylogenetic neighbours showed clear differences. For this reason, strain 01-Gi-001(T) (=DSM 22178(T)=CCM 7640(T)) is proposed as the type strain of a novel species, Microbacterium murale sp. nov.

  12. Actinocatenispora sera sp. nov., isolated by long-term culturing.

    PubMed

    Matsumoto, Atsuko; Takahashi, Yōko; Fukumoto, Megumi; Omura, Satoshi

    2007-11-01

    Two novel actinomycete strains, KV-744T and KV-856, were isolated by long-term cultivation. Aerial long-chain spores were produced directly from vegetative mycelia and possessed no motility. Vegetative mycelia developed very well and exhibited fragmentation. The cell-wall peptidoglycan contained meso-diaminopimelic acid, glycine, alanine and glutamic acid, and whole-cell hydrolysates contained arabinose, galactose and xylose. The acyl type of the peptidoglycan was glycolyl. The predominant menaquinone was MK-9(H4) and mycolic acids were not detected. The diagnostic phospholipid was phosphatidylethanolamine. The predominant cellular fatty acids were 14-methylhexadecanoic (ai-C17:0), 14-methylpentadecanoic (i-C16:0), 15-methylhexadecanoic (i-C17:0) and 13-methyltetradecanoic (i-C15:0) acids. The G+C content of the DNA was 72-73 mol%. The phenotypic and chemical properties indicated that the two isolates belong to the family Micromonosporaceae and the 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis suggested that the closest relationship was with Actinocatenispora thailandica. The DNA-DNA hybridization values between strain KV-744T or KV-856 and A. thailandica TT2-10T were 42-53%. Based on the data above, strains KV-744T and KV-856 should be classified as representing a novel species of the genus Actinocatenispora, for which the name Actinocatenispora sera sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is KV-744T (=NRRL B-24477T=NBRC 101916T).

  13. Maribacter arcticus sp. nov., isolated from Arctic marine sediment.

    PubMed

    Cho, Kyeung Hee; Hong, Soon Gyu; Cho, Hyun Hee; Lee, Yoo Kyung; Chun, Jongsik; Lee, Hong Kum

    2008-06-01

    A Gram-negative, non-motile, aerobic bacterium, designated strain KOPRI 20941(T), was isolated from a sample of marine sediment from Ny Alesund, Spitsbergen, Norway. A phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that the Arctic isolate nested within the genus Maribacter and showed the highest sequence similarity (98.1 %) with respect to Maribacter orientalis KMM 3947(T). Chemotaxonomic data (DNA G+C content of 36 mol%; MK-6 as the major respiratory quinone and iso-C(17 : 0) 3-OH, C(16 : 1)omega7c/iso-C(15 : 0) 2-OH and iso-C(15 : 0) as the major fatty acids) supported the affiliation of strain KOPRI 20941(T) to the genus Maribacter. The results of phylogenetic analyses, physiological and biochemical tests and a DNA-DNA reassociation test (<54 % relatedness) allowed genotypic and phenotypic differentiation of the strain from the recognized species of the genus Maribacter. Therefore strain KOPRI 20941(T) represents a novel species of the genus Maribacter, for which the name Maribacter arcticus sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is KOPRI 20941(T) (=KCTC 22053(T)=JCM 14790(T)).

  14. Sphingomonas arantia sp. nov., isolated from Hoh Xil basin, China.

    PubMed

    Jia, Li; Zheng, Zhong; Feng, Xiaomin; Nogi, Yuichi; Yang, Aichen; Zhang, Yali; Han, Lu; Lu, Zhenquan; Lv, Jie

    2015-12-01

    A Gram-negative, rod-shaped, non-motile, non-spore forming, aerobic, orange-pigmented bacterium, designated strain 6P(T), was isolated from a soil sample collected from the Hoh Xil basin, China. Strain 6P(T) grew optimally at 25 °C, pH 7.0-7.5 and NaCl concentration of 0-1 % (w/v). Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain 6P(T) belongs to the genus Sphingomonas, with high sequence similarity (97.1 %) to Sphingomonas fennica. The DNA-DNA hybridization homology with S. fennica DSM 13665(T) was 45.3 %. The DNA G+C content of the novel strain is 65.3 mol%. The isolate contained Q-10 as the only respiratory quinone. The major polar lipids are diphosphatidylglycerol (DPG), phosphatidylethanolamine (PE), phosphatidylglycerol (PG), phosphatidylcholine (PC) and sphingoglycolipid (SGL). C18:1 ω7c and C16:1 ω7c are the major fatty acids. On the basis of the polyphasic evidence presented, strain 6P(T) represents a novel species of the genus Sphingomonas, for which the name Sphingomonas arantia sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is 6P(T) (=CGMCC 1.12702(T) = JCM 19855(T)).

  15. Luteolibacter cuticulihirudinis sp. nov., isolated from Hirudo medicinalis.

    PubMed

    Glaeser, Stefanie P; Galatis, Harald; Martin, Karin; Kämpfer, Peter

    2012-08-01

    A Gram-negative, coccoid shaped bacterium isolated from the outer surface of the medicinal leech Hirudo medicinalis was characterized. The 16S rRNA gene sequence comparison revealed that the bacterium was closely related to species of the genus Luteolibacter. Luteolibacter pohnpeiensis was the most closely related species (94.6 % sequence similarity), followed by Luteolibacter luojiensis (93.4 %) and Luteolibacter algae (93.3 %). Chemotaxonomic data (major ubiquinone: MK-9; major polar lipids: phosphatidylethanolamine and phosphatidylglycerol; and major fatty acids: iso-C(14:0), C(16:0), iso-C(16:1), and anteiso-C(15:0)) supported the affiliation of the isolate to the genus Luteolibacter. DNA-DNA hybridizations with the type strain of L. pohnpeiensis was 31 % (reciprocal value 30 %). A phenotypic differentiation of strain E100(T) from L. pohnpeiensis and the other Luteolibacter species was possible by several physiological tests. We conclude Strain E100(T) represents a novel species, for which we propose the name Luteolibacter cuticulihirudinis sp. nov. with the type strain E100(T) (=CCM 8400(T) = LMG 26924(T)).

  16. Saccharicrinis marinus sp. nov., isolated from marine sediment.

    PubMed

    Liu, Qian-Qian; Li, Juan; Xiao, Di; Lu, Jin-Xing; Chen, Guan-Jun; Du, Zong-Jun

    2015-10-01

    A novel bacterial strain, designated Y11T, was isolated from marine sediment at Weihai in China. Comparative analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequences demonstrated that the novel isolate showed highest similarity to Saccharicrinis fermentans DSM 9555T (94.0 %) and Saccharicrinis carchari SS12T (92.7 %). Strain Y11T was a Gram-stain-negative, rod-shaped, non-endospore-forming, yellow-pigmented bacterium and was able to hydrolyse agar weakly. It was catalase-negative, oxidase-positive, facultatively anaerobic and motile by gliding. Optimal growth occurred at 28-30 °C, at pH 7.0-7.5 and in the presence of 2-3 % (w/v) NaCl. The DNA G+C content was 34.4 mol%. The strain contained MK-7 as the prevalent menaquinone. The major cellular fatty acids were iso-C15 : 0, anteiso-C15 : 0 and C15 : 1ω6c. The predominant polar lipids were phosphatidylethanolamine and two unknown lipids. Data from the present polyphasic taxonomic study clearly place the strain as representing a novel species within the genus Saccharicrinis, for which the name Saccharicrinis marinus sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is Y11T ( = CICC10837T = KCTC42400T).

  17. Lactococcus nasutitermitis sp. nov. isolated from a termite gut.

    PubMed

    Yan Yang, Shu; Zheng, Ying; Huang, Zhou; Min Wang, Xue; Yang, Hong

    2016-01-01

    Bacterial strain M19T was isolated from the gut of a wood-feeding termite, Nasutitermes hainanensis. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain M19T was related to members of the genus Lactococcus, with sequence similarities ranging from 84.8 to 95.5 %. Comparison of housekeeping gene ropB sequences revealed that strain M19T was well separated from Lactococcus fujiensis JCM 16395T and Lactococcus hircilactis 117T. The isolate was Gram-stain-positive, catalase-negative and non-motile. Cells were coccoid or ovoid-shaped, and occurred singly, in pairs or as short chains. Growth of strain M19T occurred at 10-40 °C and at pH 5.0-7.5. The DNA G+C content of strain M19T was 39.6 mol% and the major fatty acids were C16 : 0, cyclo-C19 : 0ω8c, C18 : 1ω9c, summed feature 7 and summed feature 8. Based on the phylogenetic, chemotaxonomic and phenotypic data presented, strain M19T represents a novel species of the genus Lactococcus, for which the name Lactococcus nasutitermitis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is M19T ( = CGMCC 1.15204T = NBRC 111537T).

  18. DEBARYOMYCES PHAFFII SP. N., A NEW YEAST ISOLATED FROM A FINNISH SOIL

    PubMed Central

    Capriotti, Augusto

    1961-01-01

    Capriotti, Augusto (Università di Perugia, Perugia, Italy). Debaryomyces phaffii sp. n., a new yeast isolated from a Finnish soil. J. Bacteriol. 82:326–330. 1961.—A new species of Debaryomyces is described; it was isolated from Finnish soil, and is named Debaryomyces phaffii sp. n., in honor of Herman J. Phaff. Images PMID:13690637

  19. Friedmanniella luteola sp. nov., Friedmanniella lucida sp. nov., Friedmanniella okinawensis sp. nov. and Friedmaniella sagamiharensis sp. nov., isolated from spiders.

    PubMed

    Iwai, Kimika; Aisaka, Kazuo; Suzuki, Makoto

    2010-01-01

    Four Gram-positive, non-motile, aerobic actinobacteria were isolated from spiders and their webs. Their genetic, phenotypic and chemical properties were studied. The 16S rRNA gene sequence data suggested that the four novel isolates belonged to the genus Friedmanniella. Two strains (FA1(T) and FA2(T)) formed a cluster together with Friedmanniella capsulata and Friedmanniella lacustris and the other two strains (FB1(T) and FB2(T)) formed a cluster together with Friedmanniella antarctica and Friedmanniella spumicola. The cell-wall peptidoglycan contained ll-A(2)pm and mycolic acids were absent. Isoprenoid quinones were mainly composed of MK-9(H4), MK-9(H2) and MK-9 and the predominant fatty acids were 12-methyltetradecanoic acid (ai-C(15 : 0)) and 13-methyltetradecanoic acid (i-C(15 : 0)). The major polar lipids were phosphatidylinositol and phosphatidylglycerol. In addition, strain FA1(T), FB1(T), and FB2(T) contained diphosphatidylglycerol and phosphatidylcholine. The DNA G+C contents were: 72 mol%, 73 mol%, 74 mol% and 75 mol% for strains FA1(T), FA2(T), FB1(T), and FB2(T), respectively. DNA-DNA hybridization studies demonstrated that the novel strains showed low relatedness values to F. capsulata, F. lacustris, F. antarctica and F. spumicola. These data support the proposal that strains FA1(T), FA2(T), FB1(T) and FB2(T) represent novel species of the genus Friedmanniella. Therefore, the names Friedmanniella luteola (type strain FA1(T)=DSM 21741(T)=NBRC 104963(T)), Friedmanniella lucida (type strain FA2(T)=DSM 21742(T)=NBRC 104964(T)), Friedmanniella okinawensis (type strain FB1(T)=DSM 21744(T)=NBRC 104966(T)) and Friedmanniella sagamiharensis (type strain FB2(T)=DSM 21743(T)=NBRC 104965(T)) are proposed for these new strains.

  20. Candida alocasiicola sp. nov., Candida hainanensis sp. nov., Candida heveicola sp. nov. and Candida musiphila sp. nov., novel anamorphic, ascomycetous yeast species isolated from plants.

    PubMed

    Wang, Shi-An; Jia, Jian-Hua; Bai, Feng-Yan

    2008-08-01

    In a taxonomic study on the ascomycetous yeasts isolated from plant materials collected in tropical forests in Yunnan and Hainan Provinces, southern China, four strains isolated from tree sap (YJ2E(T)) and flowers (YF9E(T), YWZH3C(T) and YYF2A(T)) were revealed to represent four undescribed yeast species. Molecular phylogenetic analysis based on the large subunit (26S) rRNA gene D1/D2 domain sequences showed that strain YJ2E(T) was located in a clade together with Candida haemulonii and C. pseudohaemulonii. Strain YF9E(T) was most closely related to C. azyma and strain YWZH3C(T) to C. sorbophila and C. spandovensis. Strain YYF2A(T) was clustered in a clade containing small-spored Metschnikowia species and related anamorphic Candida species. The new strains differed from their closely related described species by more than 10% mismatches in the D1/D2 domain. No sexual states were observed for the four strains on various sporulation media. The new species are therefore assigned to the genus Candida and described as Candida alocasiicola sp. nov. (type strain, YF9E(T) = AS 2.3484(T) = CBS 10702(T)), Candida hainanensis sp. nov. (type strain, YYF2A(T) = AS 2.3478(T) = CBS 10696(T)), Candida heveicola sp. nov. (type strain, YJ2E(T) = AS 2.3483(T) = CBS 10701(T)) and Candida musiphila sp. nov. (type strain, YWZH3C(T) = AS 2.3479(T) = CBS 10697(T)).

  1. Ruegeria marina sp. nov., isolated from marine sediment.

    PubMed

    Huo, Ying-Yi; Xu, Xue-Wei; Li, Xue; Liu, Chen; Cui, Heng-Lin; Wang, Chun-Sheng; Wu, Min

    2011-02-01

    A Gram-negative, neutrophilic and rod-shaped bacterium, strain ZH17(T), was isolated from a marine sediment of the East China Sea and subjected to a polyphasic taxonomic characterization. The isolate grew in the presence of 0-7.5 % (w/v) NaCl and at pH 6.5-9.0; optimum growth was observed with 0.5-3.0 % (w/v) NaCl and at pH 7.5. Chemotaxonomic analysis showed ubiquinone-10 as predominant respiratory quinone and C(18 : 1)ω7c, 11-methyl C(18 : 1)ω7c, C(16 : 0), C(12 : 0) 3-OH and C(16 : 0) 2-OH as major fatty acids. The genomic DNA G+C content was 63.5 mol%. Comparative 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis revealed that the isolate belongs to the genus Ruegeria. Strain ZH17(T) exhibited the closest phylogenetic affinity to the type strain of Ruegeria pomeroyi, with 97.2 % sequence similarity, and less than 97 % sequence similarity with respect to other described species of the genus Ruegeria. The DNA-DNA reassociation value between strain ZH17(T) and R. pomeroyi DSM 15171(T) was 50.7 %. On the basis of phenotypic and genotypic data, strain ZH17(T) represents a novel species of the genus Ruegeria, for which the name Ruegeria marina sp. nov. (type strain ZH17(T) =CGMCC 1.9108(T) =JCM 16262(T)) is proposed.

  2. Bacillus vini sp. nov. isolated from alcohol fermentation pit mud.

    PubMed

    Ma, Kedong; Chen, Xiaorong; Guo, Xiang; Wang, Yanwei; Wang, Huimin; Zhou, Shan; Song, Jinlong; Kong, Delong; Zhu, Jie; Dong, Weiwei; He, Mingxiong; Hu, Guoquan; Zhao, Bingqiang; Ruan, Zhiyong

    2016-08-01

    A novel aerobic, Gram-stain-positive, sporogenous, rod-shaped bacterium, designated LAM0415(T), was isolated from an alcohol fermentation pit mud sample collected from Sichuan Luzhou-flavour liquor enterprise in China. The isolate was found to be able to grow at NaCl concentrations of 0-10 % (w/v) (optimum: 1.0 %), 10-50 °C (optimum: 30-35 °C) and pH 3.0-10.0 (optimum: 7.0-8.0). Phylogenetic analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that the new isolate belonged to the genus Bacillus and was closely related to Bacillus sporothermodurans DSM 10599(T) and Bacillus oleronius DSM 9356(T), with 98.4 and 97.2 % sequence similarity, respectively. The DNA-DNA hybridization values between strain LAM0415(T) and the two reference strains were 33.3 ± 1.2 and 42.8 ± 0.8 %, respectively. The genomic DNA G+C content was 35.2 mol% as determined by the T m method. The major fatty acids were determined to be iso-C15:0, anteiso-C15:0 and anteiso-C17:0. The predominant menaquinones were identified as MK7 and MK8. The major polar lipids were found to be diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, one unidentified phospholipid and four unidentified glycolipids. The diagnostic amino acid of the cell wall peptidoglycan was determined to be meso-diaminopimelic acid. On the basis of its phenotypic, phylogenetic and chemotaxonomic characteristics, strain LAM0415(T) (=ACCC 06413(T) = JCM 19841(T)) represents the type strain of a novel species of the genus Bacillus, for which the name Bacillus vini sp. nov. is proposed.

  3. Arthrobacter deserti sp. nov., isolated from a desert soil sample.

    PubMed

    Hu, Qing-Wen; Chu, Xiao; Xiao, Min; Li, Chang-Tian; Yan, Zheng-Fei; Hozzein, Wael N; Kim, Chang-Jin; Zhi, Xiao-Yang; Li, Wen-Jun

    2016-05-01

    A Gram-stain-positive, non-motile, rod-shaped, catalase-positive and oxidase-negative bacterium, designated YIM CS25T, was isolated from a soil sample collected from Turpan desert in Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, north-western China. The isolate grew at 15-40 °C, at pH 6.0-8.0 and with 0-6 % (w/v) NaCl. The phylogenetic trees based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain YIM CS25T belonged to the genus Arthrobacter and was closely related to Arthrobacter halodurans JSM 078085T (95.89 % similarity). The peptidoglycan type contained lysine, alanine and glutamic acid. The major whole-cell sugars were galactose, glucose and ribose. The isolate contained diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol and phosphatidylinositol as the major polar lipids and MK-9 (H2) as the predominant menaquinone. The major cellular fatty acids were anteiso-C15 : 0, iso-C15 : 0, anteiso-C17 : 0, iso-C16 : 0 and anteiso-C17 : 1ω9c. The genomic DNA G+C content was 68.3 mol%. On the basis of phylogenetic, phenotypic and chemotaxonomic analysis, strain YIM CS25T is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Arthrobacter, for which the name Arthrobacter deserti sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is YIM CS25T ( = KCTC 39544T = CGMCC 1.15091T).

  4. Dermabacter vaginalis sp. nov., isolated from human vaginal fluid.

    PubMed

    Chang, Dong-Ho; Rhee, Moon-Soo; Kim, Byoung-Chan

    2016-04-01

    A novel actinobacterial strain, AD1-86T, was isolated from the vaginal fluid of a Korean female and was characterized by a polyphasic approach. The strain was a facultatively anaerobic, Gram-stain-positive, non-spore-forming, non-motile, catalase-positive and oxidase-negative short rod. Colonies were creamy white, of low convexity and 1-2 mm in diameter after growth on DSM 92 agar plates at 37 °C for 2 days. The most closely related strains were Dermabacter hominis DSM 7083T and Helcobacillus massiliensis 6401990T (98.3 and 96.3 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity, respectively). The isolate grew optimally at 37 °C and pH 7 in the presence of 0.5% (w/v) NaCl. The cell-wall peptidoglycan contained meso-diaminopimelic acid and the cell-wall hydrolysates contained ribose, galactose and glucose. The DNA G+C content was 62.6 mol% and the mean DNA-DNA relatedness value of the isolate to D. hominis DSM 7083T was 31.1±3.0% (reciprocal: 48.2±5.3%). The major cellular fatty acids (>10%) were anteiso-C17:0, anteiso-C15:0 and iso-C16:0, and the menaquinones were MK-9, MK-8 and MK-7. The polar lipid profile of strain AD1-86T consisted of diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, two aminolipids and a glycolipid. Data from this polyphasic study indicate that strain AD1-86T represents a novel species of the genus Dermabacter, for which the name Dermabacter vaginalis sp. nov. is proposed; the type strain is AD1-86T (=KCTC 39585T=DSM 100050T).

  5. Thalassotalea crassostreae sp. nov., isolated from Pacific oyster.

    PubMed

    Choi, Sungmi; Kim, Eunji; Shin, Su-Kyoung; Yi, Hana

    2017-07-01

    A Gram-staining-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacterial strain, designated LPB0090T, was isolated from the Pacific oyster, Crassostreagigas, collected from the Yeongheung Island, Korea (37° 15' 16.1″ N; 126° 29' 46.5″ E). The complete genome sequence of LPB0090T (accession number CP017689) was 3 861 670 bp long with a DNA G+C content of 38.8 mol%. The genome included 3245 protein-coding genes and six copies of rRNA operons. On the basis of the results of 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, LPB0090T was found to form an independent phyletic line within the genus Thalassotalea, with 94.7-96.0 % sequence similarities to the previously known species of the genus. The isoprenoid quinone (Q-8) and major fatty acids (C16 : 0, C17 : 1 ω8c, and C16 : 1 ω7c and/or C16 : 1 ω6c) of the isolate were similar to those of the other members of the genus Thalassotalea. A number of phenotypic features, however, distinguished LPB0090T from its closest neighbour Thalassotalea ponticola as well as other species of the genus Thalassotalea. On the basis of the phylogenetic, genomic and phenotypic data presented in this study, the strain was classified as representing a novel species of the genus Thalassotalea. Therefore, the name Thalassotalea crassostreae sp. nov. is proposed for the isolate. The type strain is LPB0090T (=KACC 18695T=JCM 31189T).

  6. Scopulibacillus darangshiensis gen. nov., sp. nov., isolated from rock.

    PubMed

    Lee, Soon Dong; Lee, Dong Wan

    2009-12-01

    A novel, Gram-positive bacterium, designated DLS-06(T), was isolated from scoria (volcanic ash) under rock on the peak of small mountain (300 m above the sea level; known as Darangshi Oreum) in Jeju, Republic of Korea. The cells of the isolate were aerobic, oxidase-negative, catalase-positive, endospore-forming, non-motile rods. The organism grew at 25 approximately 30 degrees C and initial pH 6.1 approximately 9.1. A neighbour-joining tree based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that the organism was related to members of the family "Sporolactobacillaceae" and related taxa. The phylogenetic neighbours were Pullulanibacillus naganoensis (95.2% 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity), Tuberibacillus calidus (95.0%) and Sporolactobacillus (91.8 approximately 94.2%). Levels of 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity of the isolate to representatives of other genera were in the range of 87.2 approximately 93.7%. The organism contained meso-diaminopimelic acid as the diagnostic diamino acid in the cell-wall peptidoglycan. The predominant menaquinone was MK-7. The polar lipid profile contained diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, an unknown ninhydrin-positive phospholipid, three unknown phospholipids and an unknown lipid. The major fatty acids were anteiso-C(15:0) and anteiso-C(17:0). The G+C content of the DNA was 50.8 mol%. On the basis of the phenotypic and phylogenetic data presented in this study, this organism represents a novel genus and species in the order Bacillales, for which the name Scopulibacillus darangshiensis gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is DLS-06(T) (=DSM 19377(T) =KCTC 13161(T)).

  7. Photobacterium jeanii sp. nov., isolated from corals and zoanthids.

    PubMed

    Chimetto, Luciane A; Cleenwerck, Ilse; Thompson, Cristiane C; Brocchi, Marcelo; Willems, Anne; De Vos, Paul; Thompson, Fabiano L

    2010-12-01

    Four novel isolates (R-40508(T), R-40507, R-40903 and R-21419) were obtained from different cnidarian species (Phyllogorgia dilatata, Merulina ampliata and Palythoa caribaeorum) from different places in Brazil and Australia. The novel isolates formed a tight phylogenetic group based on 16S rRNA, recA, topA, ftsZ, mreB and rpoA gene sequences. Their closest phylogenetic neighbours were the type strains of Photobacterium leiognathi, P. rosenbergii and P. halotolerans, sharing 97.1-97.5 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity. DNA-DNA hybridization between a representative strain (R-40508(T)) and the type strains of these Photobacterium species revealed less than 20 % relatedness, showing that the new isolates belong to a novel species. Several phenotypic features allow the differentiation of the novel species from its closest phylogenetic neighbours. It has gelatinase and lipase activity and can utilize melibiose, but it cannot grow on 6 % NaCl. In addition, the novel species has the fatty acid iso-C(16 : 0), but lacks the fatty acids C(17 : 0), C(17 : 0) cyclo, iso-C(17 : 0), C(17 : 1)ω8c and iso-C(17 : 1)ω9c. The name Photobacterium jeanii sp. nov. is proposed for this species, with the type strain R-40508(T) (=LMG 25436(T) =CAIM 1817(T)). The G+C content of the type strain is 45.5mol%.

  8. Gemmobacter megaterium sp. nov., isolated from coastal planktonic seaweeds.

    PubMed

    Liu, Jin-Jin; Zhang, Xin-Qi; Chi, Fang-Tao; Pan, Jie; Sun, Cong; Wu, Min

    2014-01-01

    A Gram-stain-negative, non-motile and aerobic bacterium, designated CF17(T), was isolated from coastal planktonic seaweeds, East China Sea. The isolate grew at 18-37 °C (optimum 25-28 °C), pH 6.5-9.0 (optimum 7.0-8.0) and with 0-5 % NaCl (optimum 1-2 %, w/v) and 0.5-10 % sea salts (optimum 2-3 %, w/v). Growth of strain CF17(T) could be stimulated prominently by supplementing the growth medium with the autoclaved supernatant of a culture of strain CF5, which was isolated from the same sample along with strain CF17(T). The cell morphology of strain CF17(T) was a bean-shaped rod consisting of a swollen end and a long prostheca. The phylogenetic analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain CF17(T) clustered with Gemmobacter nectariphilus DSM 15620(T) within the genus Gemmobacter. The DNA G+C content of strain CF17(T) was 61.4 mol%. The respiratory quinone was ubiquinone Q-10. The major fatty acids included C18 : 1ω7c and C18 : 0. The polar lipids of strain CF17(T) consisted of phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine, two uncharacterized phospholipids, one uncharacterized aminolipid, three uncharacterized glycolipids and one uncharacterized lipid. On the basis of phenotypic, phylogenetic and chemotaxonomic data, strain CF17(T) ( = CGMCC 1.11024(T) = JCM 18498(T)) is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Gemmobacter, for which the name Gemmobacter megaterium sp. nov. is proposed.

  9. Geodermatophilus daqingensis sp. nov., isolated from petroleum-contaminated soil.

    PubMed

    Wang, Yang; Zhang, Liguo; Zhang, Xiaofei; Huang, Jinying; Zhao, Yu; Zhao, Yuanling; Liu, Jianxin; Huang, Cui; Wang, Jing; Hu, Yingying; Ren, Guoling; Xu, Xiuhong

    2017-06-01

    A novel Gram-positive actinobacterium, designated WT-2-1(T), was isolated from a sample of petroleum-contaminated soil collected in Daqing, Heilongjiang province, China and characterised using a polyphasic taxonomic approach. The optimal growth for strain WT-2-1(T) was found to be at 25-35 °C and at pH 6.0-9.0 and with 0-4% (w/v) NaCl, forming blackish green-coloured colonies. Chemotaxonomic and molecular characteristics of the isolate match those described for members of the genus Geodermatophilus. The peptidoglycan was found to contain meso-diaminopimelic acid; galactose, glucose and xylose were detected as diagnostic sugars. The main phospholipids were identified as diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylinositol, phosphatidylethanolamine and phosphatidylglycerol; MK-9(H4) was the dominant menaquinone present. The major cellular fatty acids were identified as iso-C16:0 and iso-C15:0. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis showed that strain WT-2-1(T) is a member of the genus Geodermatophilus, with high sequence similarities to Geodermatophilus aquaeductus BMG801(T) (98.4%), Geodermatophilus saharensis CF5/5(T) (98.4%), Geodermatophilus bullaregiensis BMG841(T) (98.3%) and Geodermatophilus normandii CF5/3(T) (98.3%). Based on the phenotypic characteristics, phylogenetic data and DNA-DNA hybridization results, the isolate is concluded to represent a novel species of the genus Geodermatophilus, for which the name Geodermatophilus daqingensis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is WT-2-1(T) (=CGMCC 4.7381(T) = DSM 104001(T)).

  10. Marinagarivorans algicola gen. nov., sp. nov., isolated from marine algae.

    PubMed

    Guo, Ling-Yun; Li, Dong-Qi; Sang, Jin; Chen, Guan-Jun; Du, Zong-Jun

    2016-01-27

    Novel agar-degrading, Gram-staining-negative, motile, heterotrophic, facultatively anaerobic and pale yellow-pigmented bacterial strains, designated Z1T and JL1, were isolated from marine algae Gelidium amansii (Lamouroux) and Gracilaria verrucosa, respectively. Growth of the isolates was optimal at 28-30 °C, pH 7.0-7.5 and 1-3% (w/v) NaCl. Both strains contained Q-8 as the sole respiratory quinone. The major cellular fatty acids in strain Z1T were C18:1 ω7c, C16:0 and summed feature 3 (C16:1 ω7c and/or iso-C15:0 2-OH). The predominant polar lipids in strain Z1T were phosphatidylethanolamine (PE), phosphatidylglycerol (PG) and aminolipid (AL). The genomic DNA G+C content of both strains was 45.1 mol%. Strains Z1T and JL1 were closely related, with 99.9% 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity. The average nucleotide identity (ANI) value between strains Z1T and JL1 was 99.3%. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strains Z1T and JL1 form a distinct phyletic line within the class Gammaproteobacteria, with less than 92.3% similarity to their closest relatives. Based on data from the current polyphasic study, the isolates are proposed to belong to a new genus and species designated Marinagarivorans algicola gen. nov., sp. nov. The type strain of Marinagarivorans algicola is Z1T (=ATCC BAA-2617T=CICC 10859T).

  11. Pseudomonas chengduensis sp. nov., isolated from landfill leachate.

    PubMed

    Tao, Yong; Zhou, Yan; He, Xiaohong; Hu, Xiaohong; Li, Daping

    2014-01-01

    Strain MBR(T) was isolated from landfill leachate in a solid-waste disposal site in Chengdu, Sichuan, China. An analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that the isolate was closely related to members of the genus Pseudomonas, sharing the highest sequence similarities with Pseudomonas toyotomiensis HT-3(T) (99.8 %), Pseudomonas alcaliphila AL15-21(T) (99.7 %) and Pseudomonas oleovorans ATCC 8062(T) (99.4 %). Multi-locus sequence analysis based on three housekeeping genes (gyrB, rpoB and rpoD) provided higher resolution at the species level than that based on 16S rRNA gene sequences, which was further confirmed by less than 70 % DNA-DNA relatedness between the new isolate and P. toyotomiensis HT-3(T) (61.3 %), P. alcaliphila AL15-21(T) (51.5 %) and P. oleovorans ATCC 8062(T) (57.8 %). The DNA G+C content of strain MBR(T) was 61.9 mol% and the major ubiquinone was Q-9. The major cellular fatty acids (>10 %) were C18 : 1ω7c and/or C18 : 1ω6c, C16 : 0, and C16 : 1ω7c and/or C16 : 1ω6c. Polyphasic analysis indicates that strain MBR(T) represents a novel species of the genus Pseudomonas, for which the name Pseudomonas chengduensis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is MBR(T) ( = CGMCC 2318(T) = DSM 26382(T)).

  12. Lactobacillus cerevisiae sp. nov., isolated from a spoiled brewery sample.

    PubMed

    Koob, Jennifer; Jacob, Fritz; Wenning, Mareike; Hutzler, Mathias

    2017-09-01

    A Gram-stain-positive, non-motile, rod-shaped bacterium, designated TUM BP 140423000-2250T (=DSM 100836T=LMG 29073T), was isolated from spoiled beer. This bacterium did not form spores, and was catalase-negative and facultatively anaerobic. Its taxonomic position was determined in a polyphasic study. The 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity data showed that the strain belonged to the Lactobacillus genus with the nearest neighbours being Lactobacillus koreensis DCY50T (sequence similarity 99.5 %), Lactobacillus yonginensis THK-V8T (99.2 %) and Lactobacillus parabrevis LMG 11984T (98.7 %). Sequence comparisons of additional phylogenetic markers, pheS and rpoA, confirmed the 16S rRNA gene sequence tree topology. The maximum rpoA sequence similarity was 92.3 % with L. yonginensis THK-V8T. The DNA G+C content of the isolate was 50.0 mol%. The DNA-DNA relatedness showed that strain TUM BP 140423000-2250T could be clearly distinguished from L. koreensis DCY 50T (30.8±0.4 %) and L. yonginensis THK-V8T (23.6±5.9 %). The major fatty acids were C18 : 1ω9c, summed feature 7 (comprised of C19 : 0 cyclo ω10c/C19 : 1ω6c) and C16 : 0. Based on phenotypic and genotypic studies, the authors propose classifying the new isolate as a representative of a novel species of the genus Lactobacillus, Lactobacillus cerevisiae sp. nov. The type strain is deposited at the Research Centre Weihenstephan for Brewing and Food Quality as TUM BP 140423000-2250T (=DSM 100836T=LMG 29073T).

  13. Chryseobacterium bovis sp. nov., isolated from raw cow's milk.

    PubMed

    Hantsis-Zacharov, Elionora; Senderovich, Yigal; Halpern, Malka

    2008-04-01

    Three Gram-negative, rod-shaped, oxidase-positive, aerobic, non-motile bacterial strains, designated H9T, H10 and H15, were isolated during a study on the diversity of culturable psychrotolerant bacteria in raw cow's milk. Comparisons of 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that the three strains were very closely related to each other (sequence similarities of 99.6-99.8 %). A polyphasic taxonomic study of the isolates resulted in their identification as members of the genus Chryseobacterium (family Flavobacteriaceae, phylum Bacteroidetes). The three strains showed < or =96.9 % sequence similarity with respect to the type strains of described Chryseobacterium species, indicating that H9T, H10 and H15 represent a novel species of the genus Chryseobacterium. The three strains grew at 7-37 degrees C (strain H10 grew at up to 41 degrees C), with 0-2.5 % NaCl and at pH 5.0-9.8. The dominant cellular fatty acids of strain H9T were 15 : 0 iso (38.9 %), 15 : 0 anteiso (15.6 %) and 17 : 0 iso 3-OH (12.7 %). Strain H10 also possessed 17 : 1 iso omega 9c (14.8 %) as a major fatty acid. On the basis of phenotypic properties and phylogenetic distinctiveness, the three milk isolates represent a novel species in the genus Chryseobacterium, for which the name Chryseobacterium bovis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is H9T (=LMG 24227T =DSM 19482T).

  14. Paenibacillus lupini sp. nov., isolated from nodules of Lupinus albus.

    PubMed

    Carro, Lorena; Flores-Félix, José David; Ramírez-Bahena, Martha-Helena; García-Fraile, Paula; Martínez-Hidalgo, Pilar; Igual, José M; Tejedor, Carmen; Peix, Alvaro; Velázquez, Encarna

    2014-09-01

    A bacterial strain designated RLAHU15(T) was isolated from root nodules of Lupinus albus in Spain. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences placed the isolate in the genus Paenibacillus, with its closest relatives being Paenibacillus catalpae D75(T), Paenibacillus glycanilyticus DS-1(T), Paenibacillus endophyticus PECAE04(T) and Paenibacillus xinjiangensis B538(T) with 98.8 %, 98.9 %, 97.4 % and 97.4 % similarity, respectively. DNA-DNA hybridization studies showed values lower than 45 % between the strain RLAHU15(T) and any of these species. The isolate was a Gram-stain positive, motile and sporulating rod. Catalase activity was weak and oxidase activity was positive. Casein and starch were hydrolysed but gelatin was not. Growth was supported by many carbohydrates and organic acids as carbon sources. MK-7 was the only menaquinone detected and anteiso-C15 : 0 and iso-C16 : 0 were the major fatty acids. The major polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, three unidentified phospholipids and an unidentified lipid. meso-Diaminopimelic acid was detected in the peptidoglycan. The DNA G+C content was 54.4 mol%. Phylogenetic, chemotaxonomic and phenotypic analyses showed that strain RLAHU15(T) represents a novel species of the genus Paenibacillus, for which the name Paenibacillus lupini sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is RLAHU15(T) ( = LMG 27296(T) = CECT 8235(T)).

  15. Rhizobium oryziradicis sp. nov., isolated from rice roots.

    PubMed

    Zhao, Juan-Juan; Zhang, Jun; Sun, Lei; Zhang, Rui-Jie; Zhang, Cai-Wen; Yin, Hua-Qun; Zhang, Xiao-Xia

    2017-04-01

    Two Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped endophytic bacterial strains, N19T and N11-2, were isolated from fresh rice (Oryza sativa) roots during investigation of the rice endophytic bacterial diversity. The 16S rRNA gene sequence results indicated that the similarity between strains N19T and N11-2 was 100 %. Both of them belong to the genus Rhizobium, with close similarity to Rhizobium taibaishanense CCNWSX 0483T (97.7 %), followed by Rhizobium vitis NCPPB 3554T (97.5 %). The sequence similarities of the housekeeping genes recA, gyrB and glnA between the novel isolates and members of the established species of the genus Rhizobium were less than 87 %. The DNA-DNA hybridization rates between strains N19T and N11-2 were 87.9 % using the initial renaturation rate method. Based on draft genome sequences, strain N19T showed 18.2 % and 19.6 % DNA-DNA hybridization values to R. taibaishanense CCNWSX 0483T and R. vitis S4, which demonstrated that these new isolates represent a novel species in the genus Rhizobium. The main cellular fatty acids were summed feature 8 (C18 : 1ω7c and/or C18 : 1ω6c). The DNA G+C content of strain N19T was 58.7 mol% (Tm). The polar lipid profile of N19T consisted of phosphatidylglycerol, diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylcholine, an unknown lipid, two unknown aminolipids and an unidentified aminophospholipid. According to physiological and biochemical characteristics and genotypic data, strains N19T and N11-2 are considered to represent a novel species of the genus Rhizobium, for which the name Rhizobium oryziradicis sp. nov. is proposed, with N19T (=ACCC 19962T=KCTC 52413T) as the type strain.

  16. Sphingomonas aquatica sp. nov., isolated from tap water.

    PubMed

    Choi, Gyu-Min; Jo, Jung-Hun; Kang, Myung-Suk; Kim, Minseok S; Lee, Soon-Youl; Im, Wan-Taek

    2016-11-21

    A gram-reaction-negative, strictly aerobic, rod-shaped bacterium, designated W1-2-1T, was isolated from tap water of South Korea. The strain was characterized by a polyphasic approach to clarify its taxonomic position. Strain W1-2-1T grew at 18-42 °C and at pH 6.0-10.0 on R2A medium. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that the isolate belongs to the genus Sphingomonas and is most closely related to the Sphingomonas oligophenolica JCM 12082T (97.2 % similarity), Sphingomonas asaccharolytica IFO 15499T (96.8%), Sphingomonas desiccabilis CP1DT (96.8 %), Sphingomonas pruni IFO 15498T (96.8%), Sphingomonas hankookensis ODN7T (96.4 %), and Sphingomonas yabuuchiae DSM 14562T (95.8%). Chemotaxonomic data [major ubiquinone-Q10, major polyamine-homospermidine, major fatty acids- summed feature 8 (C18:1 ω7c/ω9c), C16:0, and C14:0 2OH and presence of sphingoglycolipid] supported the affiliation of the strain to the genus Sphingomonas. The G+C content of genomic DNA was 67.1 mol%. However, low level of DNA-DNA relatedness value between strain W1-2-1T and S. oligophenolica JCM 12082T and the results of physiological and biochemical tests allowed genotypic and phenotypic differentiation of strain W1-2-1T from other Sphingomonas species with validly published names. Therefore, the isolate represents a novel species, for which the name Sphingomonas aquatica sp. nov. (type strain W1-2-1T = KACC 18309T = LMG 28596T) is proposed.

  17. Actinoplanes lutulentus sp. nov., isolated from mucky soil in China.

    PubMed

    Gao, Ruixia; Liu, Chongxi; Zhao, Junwei; Jia, Feiyu; Li, Chuang; Xing, Jia; Wang, Xiangjing; Xiang, Wensheng

    2014-05-01

    A novel actinomycete, designated strain NEAU-GRX6T, was isolated from mucky soil collected from a stream of Jinlong Mountain in Harbin, Heilongjiang Province, north China, and characterized using a polyphasic approach. The isolate formed irregular sporangia containing motile sporangiospores on the substrate mycelium. The whole-cell sugars were xylose, glucose and galactose. The predominant menaquinones were MK-9(H6), MK-10(H4) and MK-9(H4). The major fatty acids were C16:0, C15:0, C18:1ω9c, C17:1ω7c and C18:0. The phospholipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol and phosphatidylinositol. The DNA G+C content was 67 mol%. 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity studies showed that strain NEAU-GRX6T belonged to the genus Actinoplanes, being most closely related to Actinoplanes palleronii IFO 14916T (97.80% similarity) and Actinoplanes missouriensis NBRC 102363T (97.76%). However, the low observed levels of DNA-DNA relatedness allowed the isolate to be differentiated from the above-mentioned species of the genus Actinoplanes. Moreover, strain NEAU-GRX6T could also be distinguished from A. palleronii IFO 14916T and A. missouriensis NBRC 102363T by phenotypic characteristics. Therefore, it is proposed that strain NEAU-GRX6T represents a novel species of the genus Actinoplanes, for which the name Actinoplanes lutulentus sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is strain NEAU-GRX6T (=CGMCC 4.7090T=DSM 45883T).

  18. Blastococcus colisei sp. nov, isolated from an archaeological amphitheatre.

    PubMed

    Hezbri, Karima; Nouioui, Imen; Rohde, Manfred; Schumann, Peter; Gtari, Maher; Klenk, Hans-Peter; Montero-Calasanz, Maria Del Carmen; Ghodhbane-Gtari, Faten

    2017-03-01

    The taxonomic position of an actinobacterial isolate, designated strain BMG 822(T), isolated from limestone from the Amphitheater of El Jem (Coliseum Thysdrus), Tunisia, was established using a polyphasic approach. Strain BMG 822(T) was found to grow well at 30 °C and pH 6.5-8.0, and to be coral-coloured, Gram-positive, catalase and oxidase negative. Whole cell hydrolysates contained meso-diaminopimelic acid as the diagnostic diamino acid, glucose, galactose and ribose. The phospholipids detected were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylinositol, phosphatidylethanolamine, hydroxy-phosphatidylethanolamine, an unidentified glycophospholipid and six unidentified phospholipids. MK-9(H4) was found to be the predominant menaquinone, followed by MK-9(H2) and MK-9. The major cellular fatty acids were identified as iso-C16:0, C18:1 ω9c, C17:1 ω8c and iso-H-C16:1. The G+C content of the DNA (73.2%) is typical of the genus. High degrees of 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity were found with the type strains of the genus Blastococcus (97.1-98.3%) followed by the type strains of Modestobacter (96.8-97.8%). Based on the above data and the phenotypic differences from the type strains of Blastococcus species, it is proposed that the isolate BMG 822(T) (=DSM 46837(T)=CECT 8823(T)) should be classified as the type strain of a novel species, Blastococcus colisei sp. nov.

  19. Draft Genome Sequence of Deep-Sea Alteromonas sp. Strain V450 Isolated from the Marine Sponge Leiodermatium sp.

    PubMed Central

    Barrett, Nolan H.; McCarthy, Peter J.

    2017-01-01

    ABSTRACT The proteobacterium Alteromonas sp. strain V450 was isolated from the Atlantic deep-sea sponge Leiodermatium sp. Here, we report the draft genome sequence of this strain, with a genome size of approx. 4.39 Mb and a G+C content of 44.01%. The results will aid deep-sea microbial ecology, evolution, and sponge-microbe association studies. PMID:28153886

  20. Isolation of Indole Utilizing Bacteria Arthrobacter sp. and Alcaligenes sp. From Livestock Waste.

    PubMed

    Kim, Minsu; Lee, Jin-Hyung; Kim, Eonmi; Choi, Hyukjae; Kim, Younghoon; Lee, Jintae

    2016-06-01

    Indole is an interspecies and interkingdom signaling molecule widespread in different environmental compartment. Although multifaceted roles of indole in different biological systems have been established, little information is available on the microbial utilization of indole in the context of combating odor emissions from different types of waste. The present study was aimed at identifying novel bacteria capable of utilizing indole as the sole carbon and energy source. From the selective enrichment of swine waste and cattle feces, we identified Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria belonging to the genera Arthrobacter and Alcaligenes. Bacteria belonging to the genus Alcaligenes showed higher rates of indole utilization than Arthrobacter. Indole at 1.0 mM for growth was completely utilized by Alcaligenes sp. in 16 h. Both strains produced two intermediates, anthranilic acid and isatin, during aerobic indole metabolism. These isolates were also able to grow on several indole derivatives. Interestingly, an adaptive response in terms of a decrease in cell size was observed in both strains in the presence of indole. The present study will help to explain the degradation of indole by different bacteria and also the pathways through which it is catabolized. Furthermore, these novel bacterial isolates could be potentially useful for the in situ attenuation of odorant indole and its derivatives emitted from different types of livestock waste.

  1. Bifidobacterium reuteri sp. nov., Bifidobacterium callitrichos sp. nov., Bifidobacterium saguini sp. nov., Bifidobacterium stellenboschense sp. nov. and Bifidobacterium biavatii sp. nov. isolated from faeces of common marmoset (Callithrix jacchus) and red-handed tamarin (Saguinus midas).

    PubMed

    Endo, Akihito; Futagawa-Endo, Yuka; Schumann, Peter; Pukall, Rüdiger; Dicks, Leon M T

    2012-03-01

    Five strains of bifidobacteria were isolated from faeces of a common marmoset (Callithrix jacchus) and a red-handed tamarin (Saguinus midas). The five isolates clustered inside the phylogenetic group of the genus Bifidobacterium but did not show high sequence similarities between the isolates and to known species in the genus by phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences. Sequence analyses of dnaJ1 and hsp60 also indicated their independent phylogenetic positions to each other in the Bifidobacterium cluster. DNA G+C contents of the species ranged from 57.3 to 66.3 mol%, which is within the values recorded for Bifidobacterium species. All isolates showed fructose-6-phosphate phosphoketolase activity. Based on the data provided, the five isolates represent five novel species, for which the names Bifidobacterium reuteri sp. nov. (type strain: AFB22-1(T) = JCM 17295(T) = DSM 23975(T)), Bifidobacterium callitrichos sp. nov. (type strain: AFB22-5(T) = JCM 17296(T) = DSM 23973(T)), Bifidobacterium saguini sp. nov. (type strain: AFB23-1(T) = JCM 17297(T) = DSM 23967(T)), Bifidobacterium stellenboschense sp. nov. (type strain: AFB23-3(T) = JCM 17298(T) = DSM 23968(T)) and Bifidobacterium biavatii sp. nov. (type strain: AFB23-4(T) = JCM 17299(T) = DSM 23969(T)) are proposed.

  2. Methylobacterium haplocladii sp. nov. and Methylobacterium brachythecii sp. nov., isolated from bryophytes.

    PubMed

    Tani, Akio; Sahin, Nurettin

    2013-09-01

    Pink-pigmented, facultatively methylotrophic bacteria, strains 87e(T) and 99b(T), were isolated from the bryophytes Haplocladium microphyllum and Brachythecium plumosum, respectively. The cells of both strains were Gram-reaction-negative, motile, non-spore-forming rods. On the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity, strains 87e(T) and 99b(T) were found to be related to Methylobacterium organophilum ATCC 27886(T) (97.1% and 97.7%, respectively). Strains 87e(T) and 99b(T) showed highest 16S rRNA gene similarity to Methylobacterium gnaphalii 23e(T) (98.3 and 99.0%, respectively). The phylogenetic similarities to all other species of the genus Methylobacterium with validly published names were less than 97%. Major cellular fatty acids of both strains were C(18:1)ω7c and C(18:0). The results of DNA-DNA hybridization, phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA and cpn60 gene sequences, fatty acid profiles, whole-cell matrix-assisted, laser-desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF/MS) analysis, and physiological and biochemical tests allowed genotypic and phenotypic differentiation of strains 87e(T) and 99b(T) from their phylogenetically closest relatives. We propose that strains 87e(T) and 99b(T) represent novel species within the genus Methylobacterium, for which the names Methylobacterium haplocladii sp. nov. (type strain 87e(T) =DSM 24195(T) =NBRC 107714(T)) and Methylobacterium brachythecii sp. nov. (type strain 99b(T) =DSM 24105(T) =NBRC 107710(T)) are proposed.

  3. Flavobacterium yonginense sp. nov. and Flavobacterium myungsuense sp. nov., isolated from a mesotrophic artificial lake.

    PubMed

    Joung, Yochan; Kim, Haneul; Ahn, Tae-Seok; Joh, Kiseong

    2012-04-01

    Two non-motile, Gram-staining-negative, yellow-pigmented bacterial strains designated HMD1001T and HMD1033T were isolated from the water of a mesotrophic artificial lake in Korea. A phylogenetic tree based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that both strains could be assigned to the genus Flavobacterium; strain HMD1001T appeared most closely related to Flavobacterium fluvii H7T (96.8 % sequence similarity), F. succinicans DSM 4002T (96.6 %) and F. hydatis DSM 2063T (96.6 %) whereas strain HMD1033T appeared most closely related to Flavobacterium psychrolimnae LMG 2201T (96.2 %), F. segetis AT1048T (96.2 %) and F. weaverense AT1042T (96.2 %). The major fatty acids of strain HMD1001T were iso-C15:0 (21.5 %), summed feature 3 (comprising C16:1ω6c and/or C16:1ω7c; 18.0 %) and iso-C15:1 G (7.6 %), whereas those of HMD1033T were summed feature 3 (23.8 %), iso-C15:0 3-OH (16.9 %), iso-C15:0 (15.3 %) and anteiso-C15:0 (12.1 %). The genomic DNA G+C contents of strains HMD1001T and HMD1033T were 35.9 and 32.2 mol%, respectively. Phylogenetic and phenotypic evidence indicates that strains HMD1001T and HMD1033T represent two novel species of the genus Flavobacterium, for which the names Flavobacterium yonginense sp. nov. (type strain HMD1001T=KCTC 22796T=CECT 7594T) and Flavobacterium myungsuense sp. nov. (type strain HMD1033T=KCTC 22825T=CECT 7649T) are proposed.

  4. Bacteroides chinchillae sp. nov. and Bacteroides rodentium sp. nov., isolated from chinchilla (Chinchilla lanigera) faeces.

    PubMed

    Kitahara, Maki; Tsuchida, Sayaka; Kawasumi, Koh; Amao, Hiromi; Sakamoto, Mitsuo; Benno, Yoshimi; Ohkuma, Moriya

    2011-04-01

    Gram-negative anaerobic rods were isolated from chinchilla (Chinchilla lanigera) faeces and three strains, ST170(T), ST180 and ST28(T), were investigated taxonomically. On the basis of phylogenetic analyses and specific phenotypic characteristics, the three strains belonged to the genus Bacteroides. Phylogenetic analysis of their 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strains ST170(T) and ST180 formed a single cluster and a distinct line of descent. Strain ST170(T) exhibited 99.7 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity with strain ST180 and 95.1, 94.6 and 94.4 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity with Bacteroides massiliensis JCM 13223(T), Bacteroides dorei JCM 13471(T) and Bacteroides vulgatus JCM 5826(T), respectively. Strain ST28(T) also formed a distinct line of descent and exhibited the highest 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity with Bacteroides uniformis JCM 5828(T) (98.1 %). Low DNA-DNA relatedness (1 %) between strain ST28(T) and B. uniformis JCM 5828(T) clearly indicated that they belonged to different species. Analysis of hsp60 sequences also supported these relationships. The DNA G+C contents of strains ST170(T) and ST28(T) were 45.2 and 41.0 mol%, respectively. On the basis of phenotypic characteristics and phylogenetic data, two novel species, Bacteroides chinchillae sp. nov. (type strain ST170(T)  = JCM 16497(T)  = CCUG 59335(T)) and Bacteroides rodentium sp. nov. (type strain ST28(T)  = JCM 16496(T)  = CCUG 59334(T)), are proposed.

  5. Bacteroides stercorirosoris sp. nov. and Bacteroides faecichinchillae sp. nov., isolated from chinchilla (Chinchilla lanigera) faeces.

    PubMed

    Kitahara, Maki; Sakamoto, Mitsuo; Tsuchida, Sayaka; Kawasumi, Koh; Amao, Hiromi; Benno, Yoshimi; Ohkuma, Moriya

    2012-05-01

    Strains of gram-negative anaerobic rods were isolated from chinchilla (Chinchilla lanigera) faeces, and three strains, ST161(T), ST33 and ST37(T), were investigated taxonomically. Based on phylogenetic analyses and specific phenotypic characteristics, the three strains were allocated to the genus Bacteroides. Phylogenetic analyses of their 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain ST161(T) formed a distinct line of descent, with highest sequence similarity to strain ST33 (98.7 %) and Bacteroides oleiciplenus JCM 16102(T) (97.7 %). High levels of DNA-DNA relatedness (79-89 %) were found between strains ST161(T) and ST33, but low levels were found between strain ST161(T) and B. oleiciplenus JCM 16102(T) (33-37 %) and between strain ST33 and B. oleiciplenus JCM 16102(T) (33-37 %). These data clearly indicated that strains ST161(T) and ST33 represent a single novel species. 16S rRNA gene sequence analyses showed that strain ST37(T) also formed a distinct line of descent, with highest sequence similarity to Bacteroides acidifaciens JCM 10556(T) (96.5 %) and Bacteroides caccae JCM 9498(T) (95.6 %). Analysis of hsp60 gene sequences also supported these relationships. Based on phenotypic and phylogenetic characteristics, two novel species, Bacteroides stercorirosoris sp. nov. and Bacteroides faecichinchillae sp. nov., are thus proposed. The type strains of B. stercorirosoris and B. faecichinchillae are ST161(T) ( = JCM 17103(T) = CCUG 60872(T)) and ST37(T) ( = JCM 17102(T) = CCUG 60873(T)), respectively. The DNA G+C contents of strains ST161(T) and ST37(T) were 45.7 and 41.0 mol%, respectively.

  6. Geodermatophilus soli sp. nov. and Geodermatophilus terrae sp. nov., two actinobacteria isolated from grass soil.

    PubMed

    Jin, Long; Lee, Hyung-Gwan; Kim, Hee-Sik; Ahn, Chi-Yong; Oh, Hee-Mock

    2013-07-01

    Two strains, PB34(T) and PB261(T), were isolated from grass soil sampled in Daejeon, Republic of Korea. Comparative 16S rRNA gene sequence studies showed the two bacteria to be clearly affiliated with the phylum Actinobacteria and most closely related to the genus Geodermatophilus, showing 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities to the type strains of species of the genus Geodermatophilus of 95.0-96.3 % and sharing 98.5 % similarity between the two strains. The two strains were Gram-stain-positive, aerobic, motile and rod-shaped bacteria. The peptidoglycan contained meso-diaminopimelic acid as the diagnostic diamino acid. The predominant menaquinones were MK-9(H4) and MK-9(H0). The major fatty acids were iso-C15 : 0, iso-C16 : 0, iso-C17 : 0 and summed feature 3 (C16 : 1ω7c and/or C16 : 1ω6c) for strain PB34(T) and iso-C14 : 0, iso-C15 : 0, iso-C16 : 0 and C16 : 0 for strain PB261(T). The G+C contents of the genomic DNA of strains PB34(T) and PB261(T) were 73.2 mol% and 74.1 mol%, respectively. Thus, based on the evidence of a polyphasic study, it is proposed that strains PB34(T) and PB261(T) represent two novel species, for which the names Geodermatophilus soli sp. nov. (type strain PB34(T) = KCTC 19880(T) = JCM 17785(T)) and Geodermatophilus terrae sp. nov. (type strain PB261(T) = KCTC 19881(T) = JCM 17786(T)) are proposed.

  7. Actinoplanes toevensis sp. nov. and Actinoplanes tereljensis sp. nov., isolated from Mongolian soil.

    PubMed

    Ara, Ismet; Yamamura, Hideki; Tsetseg, Baljinova; Daram, Damdinsuren; Ando, Katsuhiko

    2010-04-01

    Two novel actinomycetes, designated MN07-A0368(T) and MN07-A0371(T), were isolated from soil of Terelj, Töv Province, Mongolia, and subjected to phenotypic and genotypic characterization. They produced well-developed, non-fragmenting, extensively branched substrate hyphae from which oval to irregular sporangia were produced. Chemotaxonomic characteristics, i.e. cell wall diaminopimelic acid, whole-cell sugars, fatty acid components and major menaquinones, suggested that the two organisms belonged to the genus Actinoplanes. A comparative analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strains MN07-A0368(T) and MN07-A0371(T) formed a distinct clade within the genus and were closely related to the type strains of: Actinoplanes ferrugineus (97.7 % sequence similarity); Actinoplanes brasiliensis (97.7-97.8 %); Actinoplanes deccanensis (97.6-97.9 %); Actinoplanes durhamensis (96.9-97.0 %); and Actinoplanes globisporus (96.5-96.8 %). Strains MN07-A0368(T) and MN07-A0371(T) could be differentiated from each other and from strains of closely related species of the genus Actinoplanes by DNA-DNA hybridization, physiological and biochemical characteristics, fatty acid composition, and whole-cell sugar components. The broad range of phenotypic and genetic characters supported the suggestion that these strains represent two novel species of the genus Actinoplanes, for which the names Actinoplanes toevensis sp. nov. (type strain MN07-A0368(T)=NBRC 105298(T)=VTCC D9-11(T)) and Actinoplanes tereljensis sp. nov. (type strain MN07-A0371(T)=NBRC 105297(T)=VTCC D9-10(T)) are proposed.

  8. Taxonomic study of bacteria isolated from plants: proposal of Sphingomonas rosa sp. nov., Sphingomonas pruni sp. nov., Sphingomonas asaccharolytica sp. nov., and Sphingomonas mali sp. nov.

    PubMed

    Takeuchi, M; Sakane, T; Yanagi, M; Yamasato, K; Hamana, K; Yokota, A

    1995-04-01

    The taxonomic positions of 10 strains of 3-ketolactose-forming bacteria which were isolated from the roots of plants (Rosa sp., Psychotria nairobiensis, Ardisia crispa, Prunus persica, and apple trees) were investigated. The DNA base compositions of these strains ranged from 64.0 to 65.7 mol%, the isoprenoid quinone of each strain was ubiquinone 10, 3-hydroxy fatty acids were lacking in the cellular fatty acids of these organisms, and all of the strains contained a sphingolipid with the long-chain base dihydrosphingosin. These are characteristics of the genus Sphingomonas. On the basis of morphological, physiological, and chemotaxonomic characteristics, together with DNA-DNA hybridization and 16S ribosomal DNA sequence comparison data, we propose the following four new species of the genus Sphingomonas: Sphingomonas rosa (type strain, IFO 15208) for the strains isolated from rose plants and formerly named [Agrobacterium rhizogenes]; Sphingomonas pruni (type strain, IFO 15498) for the strains isolated from Prunus persica; and Sphingomonas asaccharolytica (type strain, IFO 15499) and Sphingomonas mali (type strain, IFO 15500) for the strains isolated from apple trees. Two strains which were isolated from Psychotria nairobiensis and formerly named [Chromobacterium lividum] were identified as Sphingomonas yanoikuyae strains.

  9. Long Chain N-acyl Homoserine Lactone Production by Enterobacter sp. Isolated from Human Tongue Surfaces

    PubMed Central

    Yin, Wai-Fong; Purmal, Kathiravan; Chin, Shenyang; Chan, Xin-Yue; Chan, Kok-Gan

    2012-01-01

    We report the isolation of N-acyl homoserine lactone-producing Enterobacter sp. isolate T1-1 from the posterior dorsal surfaces of the tongue of a healthy individual. Spent supernatants extract from Enterobacter sp. isolate T1-1 activated the biosensor Agrobacterium tumefaciens NTL4(pZLR4), suggesting production of long chain AHLs by these isolates. High resolution mass spectrometry analysis of these extracts confirmed that Enterobacter sp. isolate T1-1 produced a long chain N-acyl homoserine lactone, namely N-dodecanoyl-homoserine lactone (C12-HSL). To the best of our knowledge, this is the first isolation of Enterobacter sp., strain T1-1 from the posterior dorsal surface of the human tongue and N-acyl homoserine lactones production by this bacterium. PMID:23202161

  10. Jeotgalicoccus halophilus sp. nov., isolated from salt lakes.

    PubMed

    Liu, Wen-Yan; Jiang, Lin-Lin; Guo, Chun-Jing; Yang, Su Sheng

    2011-07-01

    Two slightly halophilic bacterial strains, C1-52(T) and YD-9, were isolated from Daban and Aiding salt lakes in Xinjiang, China, respectively. The isolates were gram-positive, non-endospore-forming, non-motile, facultatively anaerobic cocci. Colonies were pale yellow, and a light pink, diffusible pigment was produced after a few additional days of incubation. The isolates grew optimally with 2-3 % (w/v) NaCl, at pH 7.5 and at 30-35 °C. The peptidoglycan type was L-Lys-Gly(3-4)-L-Ala(Gly). The menaquinones were MK-7 (83.2 %) and MK-6 (16.8 %). The major fatty acids (>10 %) were anteiso-C(15 : 0) and iso-C(15 : 0). The DNA G+C content of strains C1-52(T) and YD-9 was 41.2 and 41.0 mol%, respectively. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strains C1-52(T) and YD-9 were closely related to Jeotgalicoccus psychrophilus YKJ-115(T) (98.0 and 97.1 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity, respectively), followed by Jeotgalicoccus halotolerans YKJ-101(T) (97.1 and 96.8 %). Strains C1-52(T) and YD-9 shared, respectively, 20 and 11 % DNA-DNA relatedness with J. halotolerans JCM 11198(T) and 8 and 13 % with J. psychrophilus JCM 11199(T). DNA-DNA relatedness between the isolates was 91 %. On the basis of phenotypic and phylogenetic distinctiveness, strains C1-52(T) and YD-9 belonged to the same species, which should be placed in the genus Jeotgalicoccus as a novel species. The name Jeotgalicoccus halophilus sp. nov. is proposed, with the type strain C1-52(T) ( = CGMCC 1.8911(T)  = NBRC 105788(T)).

  11. Brucella papionis sp. nov., isolated from baboons (Papio spp.)

    PubMed Central

    Davison, Nicholas; Cloeckaert, Axel; Al Dahouk, Sascha; Zygmunt, Michel S.; Brew, Simon D.; Perrett, Lorraine L.; Koylass, Mark S.; Vergnaud, Gilles; Quance, Christine; Scholz, Holger C.; Dick, Edward J.; Hubbard, Gene; Schlabritz-Loutsevitch, Natalia E.

    2014-01-01

    Two Gram-negative, non-motile, non-spore-forming coccoid bacteria (strains F8/08-60T and F8/08-61) isolated from clinical specimens obtained from baboons (Papio spp.) that had delivered stillborn offspring were subjected to a polyphasic taxonomic study. On the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities, both strains, which possessed identical sequences, were assigned to the genus Brucella. This placement was confirmed by extended multilocus sequence analysis (MLSA), where both strains possessed identical sequences, and whole-genome sequencing of a representative isolate. All of the above analyses suggested that the two strains represent a novel lineage within the genus Brucella. The strains also possessed a unique profile when subjected to the phenotyping approach classically used to separate species of the genus Brucella, reacting only with Brucella A monospecific antiserum, being sensitive to the dyes thionin and fuchsin, being lysed by bacteriophage Wb, Bk2 and Fi phage at routine test dilution (RTD) but only partially sensitive to bacteriophage Tb, and with no requirement for CO2 and no production of H2S but strong urease activity. Biochemical profiling revealed a pattern of enzyme activity and metabolic capabilities distinct from existing species of the genus Brucella. Molecular analysis of the omp2 locus genes showed that both strains had a novel combination of two highly similar omp2b gene copies. The two strains shared a unique fingerprint profile of the multiple-copy Brucella-specific element IS711. Like MLSA, a multilocus variable number of tandem repeat analysis (MLVA) showed that the isolates clustered together very closely, but represent a distinct group within the genus Brucella. Isolates F8/08-60T and F8/08-61 could be distinguished clearly from all known species of the genus Brucellaand their biovars by both phenotypic and molecular properties. Therefore, by applying the species concept for the genus Brucellasuggested by the ICSP Subcommittee on

  12. Brucella papionis sp. nov., isolated from baboons (Papio spp.).

    PubMed

    Whatmore, Adrian M; Davison, Nicholas; Cloeckaert, Axel; Al Dahouk, Sascha; Zygmunt, Michel S; Brew, Simon D; Perrett, Lorraine L; Koylass, Mark S; Vergnaud, Gilles; Quance, Christine; Scholz, Holger C; Dick, Edward J; Hubbard, Gene; Schlabritz-Loutsevitch, Natalia E

    2014-12-01

    Two Gram-negative, non-motile, non-spore-forming coccoid bacteria (strains F8/08-60(T) and F8/08-61) isolated from clinical specimens obtained from baboons (Papio spp.) that had delivered stillborn offspring were subjected to a polyphasic taxonomic study. On the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities, both strains, which possessed identical sequences, were assigned to the genus Brucella. This placement was confirmed by extended multilocus sequence analysis (MLSA), where both strains possessed identical sequences, and whole-genome sequencing of a representative isolate. All of the above analyses suggested that the two strains represent a novel lineage within the genus Brucella. The strains also possessed a unique profile when subjected to the phenotyping approach classically used to separate species of the genus Brucella, reacting only with Brucella A monospecific antiserum, being sensitive to the dyes thionin and fuchsin, being lysed by bacteriophage Wb, Bk2 and Fi phage at routine test dilution (RTD) but only partially sensitive to bacteriophage Tb, and with no requirement for CO2 and no production of H2S but strong urease activity. Biochemical profiling revealed a pattern of enzyme activity and metabolic capabilities distinct from existing species of the genus Brucella. Molecular analysis of the omp2 locus genes showed that both strains had a novel combination of two highly similar omp2b gene copies. The two strains shared a unique fingerprint profile of the multiple-copy Brucella-specific element IS711. Like MLSA, a multilocus variable number of tandem repeat analysis (MLVA) showed that the isolates clustered together very closely, but represent a distinct group within the genus Brucella. Isolates F8/08-60(T) and F8/08-61 could be distinguished clearly from all known species of the genus Brucella and their biovars by both phenotypic and molecular properties. Therefore, by applying the species concept for the genus Brucella suggested by the ICSP

  13. Paenibacillus physcomitrellae sp. nov., isolated from the moss Physcomitrella patens.

    PubMed

    Zhou, Xun; Nan Guo, Guan; Qi Wang, Le; Lan Bai, Su; Li Li, Chun; Yu, Rong; Hong Li, Yan

    2015-10-01

    A Gram-stain-positive, facultatively anaerobic and rod-shaped bacterium, designated strain XBT, was isolated from Physcomitrella patens growing in Beijing, China. The isolate was identified as a member of the genus Paenibacillus based on phenotypic characteristics and phylogenetic inferences. The novel strain was spore-forming, motile, catalase-negative and weakly oxidase-positive. Optimal growth of strain XBT occurred at 28°C and pH 7.0-7.5. The major polar lipids contained diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine and several unidentified components, including one phospholipid, two aminophospholipids, three glycolipids, one aminolipid and one lipid. The predominant isoprenoid quinone was MK-7. The diamino acid found in the cell-wall peptidoglycan was meso-diaminopimelic acid. The major fatty acid components (>5 %) were anteiso-C15 : 0 (51.2 %), anteiso-C17 : 0 (20.6 %), iso-C16 : 0 (8.3 %) and C16 : 0 (6.7 %). The G+C content of the genomic DNA was 53.3 mol%. Phylogenetic analysis, based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence, showed that strain XBT fell within the evolutionary distances encompassed by the genus Paenibacillus; its closest phylogenetic neighbour was Paenibacillus yonginensis DCY84T (96.6 %). Based on phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic properties, strain XBT is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Paenibacillus, for which the name Paenibacillus physcomitrellae sp. nov., is proposed. The type strain is XBT ( = CGMCC 1.15044T = DSM 29851T).

  14. Cohnella saccharovorans sp. nov., isolated from ginseng soil.

    PubMed

    Choi, Jung-Hye; Seok, Ji-Hye; Jang, Ho-Jin; Cha, Ju-Hee; Cha, Chang-Jun

    2016-04-01

    A novel bacterial strain, CJ22T, was isolated from soil of a ginseng field located in Anseong, Korea. Cells of strain CJ22T were aerobic, Gram-stain-positive, endospore-forming, motile, oxidase- and catalase-positive and rod-shaped. The isolate grew optimally at pH 7 and 30 °C. Phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence revealed that strain CJ22T belonged to the genus Cohnella, displaying highest sequence similarity of 97.3% with Cohnella panacarvi Gsoil 349T. DNA-DNA relatedness between strain CJ22T and its closest relative was 35.5 % (reciprocal value, 23.8%). The phenotypic features of strain CJ22T also distinguished it from related species of the genus Cohnella. The diagnostic diamino acid in the cell-wall peptidoglycan was meso-diaminopimelic acid. The major isoprenoid quinone was menaquinone MK-7 and the major polar lipids were phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, diphosphatidylglycerol, lysyl-phosphatidylglycerol, two unidentified phospholipids and two unidentified aminophospholipids. The predominant cellular fatty acids of strain CJ22T were anteiso-C15 : 0, iso-C16:0 and C16:0. The DNA G+C content was 63.1 mol%. Based on data from this polyphasic taxonomic study, strain CJ22T is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Cohnella, for which the name Cohnella saccharovorans sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is CJ22T (=KACC 17501T=JCM 19227T).

  15. Arcanobacterium pinnipediorum sp. nov., isolated from a harbour seal.

    PubMed

    Sammra, Osama; Balbutskaya, Anna; Ülbegi-Mohyla, Hivda; Nagib, Samy; Lämmler, Christoph; Kämpfer, Peter; Glaeser, Stefanie P; Golke, Jan; Busse, Hans-Jürgen; Prenger-Berninghoff, Ellen; Siebert, Ursula; Abdulmawjood, Amir; Klein, Günter

    2015-12-01

    A polyphasic taxonomic study was performed on an unidentified Arcanobacterium-like, Gram-stain-positive bacterium, strain 2710T, isolated from a harbour seal. Comparative 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis showed that this bacterial strain belonged to the genus Arcanobacterium and was related most closely to the type strains of Arcanobacterium phocae (98.4 % similarity) and Arcanobacterium phocisimile (97.5 %). 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities to the type strains of other Arcanobacterium species were between 95.3 and 96.9 %. DNA-DNA hybridization values between strain 2710T and A. phocae DSM 10002T and A. phocisimile LMG 27073T were 4.7 % (reciprocal 56 %) and 23 % (reciprocal 7.7 %), respectively. The presence of the major menaquinone MK-9(H4) and a polar lipid profile with the major compounds diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylinositol and phosphatidylinositol mannoside supported the affiliation of strain 2710T to the genus Arcanobacterium. The major fatty acids were C16:0, C18:1ω9c, C18:0 and C18:2ω6,9c/anteiso-C18:0. The peptidoglycan structure was of cross-linkage type A5α (l-Lys-l-Lys-d-Glu). Physiological and biochemical tests clearly distinguished the isolate from other members of the genus Arcanobacterium. Based on these tests, it is proposed that this unknown bacterium should be classified as a novel species of the genus Arcanobacterium, with the name Arcanobacterium pinnipediorum sp. nov. The type strain is 2710T ( = DSM 28752T = LMG 28298T).

  16. Flavobacterium nitrogenifigens sp. nov., isolated from switchgrass (Panicum virgatum).

    PubMed

    Kämpfer, Peter; Busse, Hans-Jürgen; McInroy, John A; Xu, Jia; Glaeser, Stefanie P

    2015-09-01

    A yellow, nitrogen-fixing bacterial strain, NXU-44(T), isolated from the rhizosphere of switchgrass (Panicum virgatum) in Auburn, Alabama, USA, was studied to determine its taxonomic position. Cells of the isolate were rod-shaped and Gram-stain-negative. A comparison of the 16S rRNA gene sequence with the sequences of the type strains of the most closely related species showed that the strain belongs to the genus Flavobacterium with highest sequence similarities to the type strains of Flavobacterium ginsenosidimutans (97.9%), Flavobacterium phragmitis (97.6%) and Flavobacterium anhuiense (97.5%). The 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities to all other species of the genus Flavobacterium were below 97.5%. The fatty acid profile of strain NXU-44(T) consisted of the major fatty acids iso-C15 : 0, iso-C15 : 0 2-OH/C16 : 1ω7c and iso-C17 : 0 3-OH. The major compounds in the polar lipid profile were phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylserine, one aminolipid and two polar lipids. The quinone system was composed exclusively of menaquinone MK-6. The polyamine pattern contained the major compound sym-homospermidine and only minor amounts of other polyamines. The diagnostic diamino acid of the peptidoglycan was meso-diaminopimelic acid. These data and the differential biochemical and chemotaxonomic properties show that strain NXU-44(T) represents a novel species of the genus Flavobacterium for which the name Flavobacterium nitrogenifigens sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is NXU-44(T) ( = LMG 28694(T) = CIP 110894(T)).

  17. Lactobacillus insicii sp. nov., isolated from fermented raw meat.

    PubMed

    Ehrmann, Matthias A; Kröckel, Lothar; Lick, Sonja; Radmann, Pia; Bantleon, Annegret; Vogel, Rudi F

    2016-01-01

    The analysis of the bacterial microbiota of retain samples of pork salami revealed an isolate (strain TMW 1.2011T) that could neither be assigned to typical genera of starter organisms nor to any other known meat-associated species. Cells were Gram-stain-positive, short, straight rods occurring singly, in pairs or short chains. Phylogenetic analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequence and specific phenotypic characteristics showed that strain TMW 1.2011T belonged to the phylogenetic Lactobacillus alimentarius group, and the closest neighbours were Lactobacillus nodensis JCM 14932T (97.8 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity), Lactobacillus tucceti DSM 20183T (97.4 %), 'Lactobacillus ginsenosidimutans' EMML 3041 (97.3 %), Lactobacillus versmoldensis DSM 14857T (96.9 %) and Lactobacillus furfuricola JCM 18764T (97.2 %). Similarities using partial gene sequences of the alternative chronometers pheS, dnaK and rpoA also support these relationships. DNA-DNA relatedness between the novel isolate and L. nodensis JCM 14932T, L. versmoldensis DSM 14857T and L. tucceti DSM 20183T, L. furfuricola JCM 18764T and 'L. ginsenosidimutans' EMML 3041 were below 70 % and the DNA G+C content was 36.3 mol%. The cell-wall peptidoglycan type is l-Lys-Gly-d-Asp. Based on phylogenetic, chemotaxonomic and physiological evidence, strain TMW 1.2011T represents a novel species of the genus Lactobacillus, for which the name Lactobacillus insicii sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is TMW 1.2011T ( = CECT 8802T = DSM 29801T).

  18. Spirosoma swuense sp. nov., isolated from wet soil.

    PubMed

    Joo, Eun Sun; Kim, Eun Bit; Jeon, Seon Hwa; Srinivasan, Sathiyaraj; Kim, Myung Kyum

    2017-04-01

    Strain JBM2-3T, a pale-yellow-coloured, aerobic, catalase-negative, oxidase-positive and Gram-stain-negative bacterium, was isolated from wet soil. The isolate grew aerobically at 25-30 °C (optimum 25 °C), pH 6.0-8.0 (optimum pH 7.0) and in the presence of 0-0.5 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum 0 % NaCl). Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequence indicated that strain JBM2-3T belonged to the genus Spirosoma, with a sequence similarity of 96.2 % with Spirosoma panaciterrae Gsoil 1519T. The strain showed the typical chemotaxonomic characteristics of the genus Spirosoma, with the presence of menaquinone 7 as the respiratory quinone; the major fatty acids were summed feature 3 (composed of C16: 1ω6c/ω7c), C16: 1ω5c and iso-C15: 0. The DNA G+C content of strain JBM2-3T was 47.4 mol%. The polar lipid profile contained major amounts of phosphatidylethanolamine and aminophospholipids. On the basis of its phenotypic and genotypic properties, and phylogenetic distinctiveness, strain JBM2-3T should be classified as a representative of a novel species in the genus Spirosoma, for which the name Spirosoma swuense sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is JBM2-3T (=KCTC 52176T=JCM 31298T).

  19. Pedobacter panacis sp. nov., isolated from Panax ginseng soil.

    PubMed

    Singh, Priyanka; Singh, Hina; Kim, Yeon-Ju; Yang, Deok-Chun

    2017-02-01

    A novel strain, DCY108(T) was isolated from soil of a Panax ginseng field, Yeoncheon province (38°04'N 126°57'E), Republic of Korea. Strain DCY108(T) is Gram-negative, non-motile, non-flagellate, rod-shaped, and aerobic. The bacterium grows optimally at 25-30 °C, pH 6.5-7.0 and 1 % NaCl. Phylogenetically, strain DCY108(T) is closely related to Pedobacter jejuensis JCM 18824(T), Pedobacter aquatilis JCM 13454(T), Pedobacter kyungheensis LMG 26577(T) and the type strain of the genus Pedobacter heparinus DSM 2366(T). The DNA-DNA relatedness values between strain DCY108(T) and its close phylogenetic neighbors were below 30.0 %. The DNA G+C content of strain DCY108(T) was determined to be 45.1 mol%. The predominant quinone was menaquinone 7 (MK-7). The major polar lipids were identified as phosphatidylethanolamine and three unidentified aminolipids AL1, AL13 and AL17. Iso-C15:00, iso-C17:03OH and summed feature 3 (C16:1 ω7c/C16:1 ω6c) were identified as the major fatty acids present in strain DCY108(T). The results of physiological and biochemical tests allowed strain DCY108(T) to be differentiated phenotypically from other recognized species belonging to the genus Pedobacter. Therefore, it is suggested that the newly isolated organism represents a novel species, for which the name Pedobacter panacis sp. nov is proposed with the type strain designated as DCY108(T) (=CCTCCAB 2015196(T) = KCTC 42748(T)).

  20. Brevundimonas canariensis sp. nov., isolated from roots of Triticum aestivum.

    PubMed

    Menéndez, Esther; Pérez-Yepes, Juan; Carro, Lorena; Fernández-Pascual, Mercedes; Ramírez-Bahena, Martha-Helena; Klenk, Hans-Peter; León Barrios, Milagros; Peix, Alvaro; Velázquez, Encarna

    2017-04-01

    A bacterial strain designated GTAE24T was isolated from a root of wheat growing in soil from the Canary Islands, Spain. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences placed the isolate in the genus Brevundimonas with Brevundimonas abyssalisTAR-001T as its closest relative at 99.4 % similarity. DNA-DNA hybridization studies showed an average of 38 % relatedness between strain GTAE24T and the type strain of B. abyssalis. Cells were Gram-stain-negative and motile by polar flagella. The strain was positive for oxidase and weakly positive for catalase. Gelatin, starch and casein were not hydrolysed. Growth was supported by many carbohydrates and organic acids as carbon source. Ubiquinone Q-10 was the predominant isoprenoid quinone and C18 : 1ω7c/C18 : 1ω6c (summed feature 8) and C16 : 0 were the major fatty acids. The major polar lipids were phosphatidylglycerol, 1,2-di-O-acyl-3-O-[d-glucopyranosyl-(1,4)-α-d-glucopyranuronosyl] glycerol, 1,2-diacyl-3-O-[6'-phosphatidyl-α-d-glucopyranosyl] glycerol, 1,2-di-O-acyl-3-O-α-d-glucopyranosyl glycerol, and 1,2-di-O-acyl-3-O-α-d-glucopyranuronosyl glycerol. The DNA G+C content was 63.9 mol%. Phylogenetic, chemotaxonomic and phenotypic analyses showed that strain GTAE24T should be considered as representing a novel species of the genus Brevundimonas, for which the name Brevundimonas canariensis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is GTAE24T (=LMG 29500T=CECT 9126T).

  1. Sphingopyxis italica sp. nov., isolated from Roman catacombs.

    PubMed

    Alias-Villegas, Cynthia; Jurado, Valme; Laiz, Leonila; Saiz-Jimenez, Cesareo

    2013-07-01

    A Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, motile, rod-shaped bacterium, strain SC13E-S71(T), was isolated from tuff, volcanic rock, where the Roman catacombs of Saint Callixtus in Rome, Italy, was excavated. Analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain SC13E-S71(T) belongs to the genus Sphingopyxis, and that it shows the greatest sequence similarity with Sphingopyxis chilensis DSM 14889(T) (98.72 %), Sphingopyxis taejonensis DSM 15583(T) (98.65 %), Sphingopyxis ginsengisoli LMG 23390(T) (98.16 %), Sphingopyxis panaciterrae KCTC 12580(T) (98.09 %), Sphingopyxis alaskensis DSM 13593(T) (98.09 %), Sphingopyxis witflariensis DSM 14551(T) (98.09 %), Sphingopyxis bauzanensis DSM 22271(T) (98.02 %), Sphingopyxis granuli KCTC 12209(T) (97.73 %), Sphingopyxis macrogoltabida KACC 10927(T) (97.49 %), Sphingopyxis ummariensis DSM 24316(T) (97.37 %) and Sphingopyxis panaciterrulae KCTC 22112(T) (97.09 %). The predominant fatty acids were C18 : 1ω7c, summed feature 3 (iso-C15 : 0 2-OH and/or C16 : 1ω7c), C14 : 0 2-OH and C16 : 0. The predominant menaquinone was MK-10. The major polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine and sphingoglycolipid. These chemotaxonomic data are common to members of the genus Sphingopyxis. However, a polyphasic approach using physiological tests, DNA base ratios, DNA-DNA hybridization and 16S rRNA gene sequence comparisons showed that the isolate SC13E-S71(T) belongs to a novel species within the genus Sphingopyxis, for which the name Sphingopyxis italica sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is SC13E-S71(T) ( = DSM 25229(T) = CECT 8016(T)).

  2. Flavobacterium palustre sp. nov., isolated from wetland soil.

    PubMed

    Feng, Hao; Zeng, Yanhua; Huang, Yili

    2015-03-01

    A Gram-staining-negative, non-motile, yellow-coloured, rod-shaped bacterium, designated S44(T), was isolated from bankside soil of Xixi wetland, located in Zhejiang province, China. Growth of strain S44(T) was observed at 6-37 °C (optimum, 28 °C) and at pH 6.0-9.0 (optimum, 7.0). No growth occurred in the presence of >2 % (w/v) NaCl. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain S44(T) represented a member of the genus Flavobacterium, showing the highest sequence similarities to the sequences from Flavobacterium succinicans DSM 4002(T) (96.9 %), Flavobacterium reichenbachii WB 3.2-61(T) (96.6 %) and Flavobacterium glycines NCBI 105008(T) (96.5 %). The G+C content of the genomic DNA was 33.6 mol%. The predominant cellular fatty acids were C15 : 0, iso-C15 : 0, anteiso-C15 : 0 and summed feature 3 (comprising C16 : 1ω7c and/or iso-C15 : 0 2-OH), and the major respiratory quinone was menaquinone 6 (MK-6). The major polar lipids were phosphatidylethanolamine, two unknown aminolipids, two unknown aminophospholipids and four unknown polar lipids. On the basis of the phenotypic and genotypic data, it is proposed that the isolate S44(T) be classified as representing a novel species of the genus Flavobacterium, for which the name Flavobacterium palustre sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is S44(T) ( = CGMCC 1.12811(T) = NBRC 110389(T)).

  3. Chitinimonas prasina sp. nov., isolated from lake water.

    PubMed

    Li, Yi; Zhu, Hong; Lai, Qiliang; Lei, Xueqian; Chen, Zhangran; Zhang, Huajun; Tian, Yun; Zheng, Wei; Zheng, Tianling

    2014-09-01

    A Gram-stain-negative, elongated rod-shaped, motile by gliding, green-pigmented, aerobic bacterial strain, designated LY03(T), was isolated from lake water in Xiamen, Fujian Province, China. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequencing revealed that the isolate was a member of the genus Chitinimonas, which belongs to the family Burkholderiaceae. Strain LY03(T) was most closely related to Chitinimonas taiwanensis LMG 22011(T) (96.02 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity), followed by Chitinimonas koreensis KACC 11467(T) (94.85 %), and the three strains formed a distinct lineage from other strains in the phylogenetic analyses. Optimum conditions for growth were 37 °C, pH 7-9 and without NaCl. The major fatty acids were summed feature 3 (C16 : 1ω6c and/or C16 : 1ω7c), C16 : 0 and C10 : 0 3-OH. The DNA G+C content of strain LY03(T) was 63.6 mol% and the major respiratory quinone was ubiquinone-8 (Q-8). The polar lipids were found to consist of diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, unknown polar lipids and unidentified phospholipids. Differential phenotypic properties and phylogenetic distinctiveness distinguished strain LY03(T) from all other members of the genus Chitinimonas. On the basis of its morphology, physiology, fatty acid composition and 16S rRNA gene sequence data, strain LY03(T) represents a novel species of the genus Chitinimonas, for which the name Chitinimonas prasina sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is LY03(T) ( = MCCC 1F01209(T) = KCTC 32574(T)).

  4. Sphingomonas faucium sp. nov., isolated from canyon soil.

    PubMed

    Liu, Dongmei; Jin, Xin; Sun, Xuelian; Song, Yali; Feng, Liling; Wang, Gejiao; Li, Mingshun

    2016-08-01

    A Gram-stain-negative, strictly aerobic, non-motile, yellow, rod-shaped bacterium, designated strain E62-3T, was isolated from soil of Enshi Grand Canyon, Hubei province, PR China. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain E62-3T was most closely related to Sphingomonas laterariae LNB2T. Strain E62-3T exhibited the highest 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity to Sphingosinicella vermicomposti YC7378T (96.0 %), Sphingobium xanthum NL9T (95.8 %), Sphingobium boeckii 469T (95.7 %) and Sphingomonas laterariae LNB2T (95.5 %) within the family Sphingomonadaceae. The major fatty acids (>5 %) of strain E62-3T were C18 : 1ω7c, summed feature 3 (C16 : 1ω7c and/or iso-C15 : 0 2-OH), C16 : 0 and C14 : 0 2-OH. The predominant respiratory quinone and polyamine were ubiquinone Q-10 and homospermidine, respectively. The predominant polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine and phosphatidylcholine. The genomic DNA G+C content was 66.4 mol%. The genotypic, chemotaxonomic and phenotypic data revealed that the isolate represents a novel species of the genus Sphingomonas, for which the name Sphingomonas faucium sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is E62-3T (=KCTC 42834T=CCTCC AB 2015300T).

  5. Pedobacter pituitosus sp. nov., isolated from a waterfall.

    PubMed

    Chun, Jeesun; Kang, Ji Young; Jahng, Kwang Yeop

    2014-11-01

    A taxonomic study was carried out on a novel bacterial strain, designated MIC2002(T), which was isolated from Wibong falls in Korea. Cells were Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, non-motile and rods, 0.3-0.5 µm wide and 4.0-5.0 µm long. The optimum temperature and pH range for growth were 25 °C and pH 6.5-7.0, respectively. Catalase and oxidase activities were positive. Flexirubin pigments were not produced. Comparison of the 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that the isolate belonged to the genus Pedobacter, with Pedobacter daechungensis as its closest relative, with a similarity of 94.4%. It contained iso-C(15:0), anteiso-C(15:0), C(16:0), summed feature 3 (C(16:1)ω6c and/or C(16:1)ω7c) and iso-C(17:0) 3-OH as the major fatty acids and menaquinone MK-7 as isoprenoid quinone. The polar lipid profile of strain MIC2002(T) revealed the presence of phosphatidylethanolamine and an unknown lipid. The DNA G+C content of the strain was 34.7 mol%. On the basis of the evidences presented, it was concluded that strain MIC2002(T) represents a novel species of the genus Pedobacter within the family Sphingobacteriaceae, for which the name Pedobacter pituitosus sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is MIC2002(T) ( =KACC 17064(T) =JCM 18729(T)).

  6. Paenibacillus silvae sp. nov., isolated from a tropical rainforest soil.

    PubMed

    Huang, Huiqin; Zhang, Fute; Liu, Min; Cui, Ying; Sun, Qianguang; Zhu, Jun; Zou, Xiaoxiao; Bao, Shixiang

    2017-04-01

    Two Gram-stain-positive, facultatively aerobic, endospore-forming and rod-shaped bacteria, designated DB13031T and DB13311, were isolated from the soil of the Jiaxi Nature Reserve in Hainan, PR China. 16S rRNA gene analysis of strains DB13031T and DB13311 showed that they fell within the Paenibacillus cluster, with highest similarities to Paenibacillus cucumis AP-115T (98.4 and 98.3 %, respectively), Paenibacillus barcinonensis BP-23T (98.3 and 98.2 %, respectively) and Paenibacillus oceanisediminis L10T (97.7 and 97.7 %, respectively). The DNA-DNA hybridization values between strain DB13031T and the type strains of its closest related species were 48.2, 38.1 and 43.5 %. Strain DB13031T contained menaquinone-7 (MK-7) as the predominant isoprenoid quinone and anteiso-C15 : 0, iso-C16 : 0 and C16 : 0 as the major cellular fatty acids. The cell-wall peptidoglycan was of the A1γ type and the major polar lipid profiles were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, four unknown aminophospholipids and four unknown phospholipids. Based on the phenotypic and genotypic data, it is proposed that the two isolates represent a novel species of the genus Paenibacillus, for which the name Paenibacillus silvae sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is DB13031T (=CGMCC 1.12770T=DSM 28013T).

  7. Pedobacter panaciterrae sp. nov., isolated from soil in South Korea.

    PubMed

    Yoon, Min-Ho; Ten, Leonid N; Im, Wan-Taek; Lee, Sung-Taik

    2007-02-01

    A Gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped, non-motile, non-spore-forming bacterial strain, designated Gsoil 042T, was isolated from a soil sample of a ginseng field in Pocheon province (South Korea) and was characterized taxonomically by using a polyphasic approach. The isolate was positive for catalase and oxidase, but negative for gelatinase and production of indole and H2S. The predominant isoprenoid quinone was menaquinone 7 (MK-7). The major cellular fatty acids were summed feature 4 (C(16 : 1)omega7c and/or iso-C(15 : 0) 2-OH; 35.7 %), iso-C(15 : 0) (24.3 %) and iso-C(17 : 0) 3-OH (11.6 %). Comparative 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis showed that strain Gsoil 042T fell within the radiation of the cluster comprising Pedobacter species. On the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities, the phylogenetically closest recognized species of the genus Pedobacter to strain Gsoil 042T included Pedobacter heparinus DSM 2366T (98.1 %), Pedobacter africanus DSM 12126(T) (97.8 %) and Pedobacter caeni LMG 22862T (97.2 %). The 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity with other recognized species of the genus Pedobacter was less than 96.1 %. DNA-DNA hybridization experiments showed that the DNA-DNA relatedness between strain Gsoil 042T and its phylogenetically closest neighbours was less than 43 %. On the basis of its phenotypic properties and phylogenetic distinctiveness, strain Gsoil 042T should be classified as representing a novel species in the genus Pedobacter, for which the name Pedobacter panaciterrae sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is Gsoil 042T (=KCTC 12594T=LMG 23400T).

  8. Lactobacillus mixtipabuli sp. nov. isolated from total mixed ration silage.

    PubMed

    Tohno, Masanori; Kitahara, Maki; Irisawa, Tomohiro; Ohmori, Hideyuki; Masuda, Takaharu; Ohkuma, Moriya; Tajima, Kiyoshi

    2015-06-01

    Using a polyphasic taxonomic approach, we investigated three bacterial strains - IWT30T, IWT8 and IWT75 - isolated from total mixed ration silage prepared in Hachimantai, Iwate, Japan. The isolates comprised Gram-stain positive, non-motile, non-spore-forming, catalase-negative, rod-shaped bacteria. Good growth occurred at 15-45 °C and at pH 4.0-7.5. Their major cellular fatty acids were C18:1ω9c and C19:1 cyclo 9,10.The G+C content of genomic DNA of strain IWT30T was 44.6 mol%. Comparative 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis showed that these novel strains belonged to the genus Lactobacillus. These strains shared 100 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity and were most closely related to the type strains of Lactobacillus silagei, Lactobacillus odoratitofui, Lactobacillus similis, Lactobacillus collinoides, Lactobacillus paracollinoides and Lactobacillus kimchicus, with sequence similarity values of 99.5, 98.8, 98.7, 97.8, 97.8 and 96.8 %, respectively. The level of DNA-DNA relatedness between these strains and their closest phylogenetic neighbours was less than 30 %. On the basis of additional phylogenetic analysis of pheS and rpoA gene sequences and phenotypic and chemotaxonomic characteristics, we conclude that these three strains represent a novel species of the genus Lactobacillus, for which we propose the name Lactobacillus mixtipabuli sp. nov. The type strain is IWT30T ( = JCM 19805T = DSM 28580T).

  9. Roseomonas sediminicola sp. nov., isolated from fresh water.

    PubMed

    He, Dan; Kim, Jin-Kwang; Jiang, Xiao-Ye; Park, Hye-Yoon; Sun, Changkai; Yu, Hong-San; Yoon, Min-Ho; Kim, Sun-Chang; Jin, Feng Xie; Im, Wan-Taek

    2014-01-01

    A Gram-stain negative, strictly aerobic, non-motile, non-spore-forming, and rod-shaped bacterial strain designated FW-3(T) was isolated from fresh water and its taxonomic position was investigated by using a polyphasic approach. Strain FW-3(T) was found to grow at 10-37 °C and at pH 7.0 in the absence of NaCl on nutrient agar. On the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity, strain FW-3(T) was shown to belong to the family Acetobacteraceae and to be related to Roseomonas lacus TH-G33(T) (97.2 % sequence similarity) and Roseomonas terrae DS-48(T) (96.4 %). The G+C content of the genomic DNA was determined to be 68.0 %. The major menaquinone was determined to be Q-10 and the major fatty acids were identified as summed feature 7 (comprising C18:1 ω9c/ω12t/ω7c as defined by the MIDI system; 55.4 %), and C18:1 2OH (29.8 %). DNA and chemotaxonomic data supported the affiliation of strain FW-3(T) to the genus Roseomonas. Strain FW-3(T) could be differentiated genotypically and phenotypically from the recognized species of the genus Roseomonas. The novel isolate therefore represents a novel species, for which the name Roseomonas sediminicola sp. nov. is proposed, with the type strain FW-3(T) (=KACC 16616(T) = JCM 18210(T)).

  10. Parvibaculum indicum sp. nov., isolated from deep-sea water.

    PubMed

    Lai, Qiliang; Wang, Liping; Liu, Yuhui; Yuan, Jun; Sun, Fengqin; Shao, Zongze

    2011-02-01

    A taxonomic study was carried out on strain P31(T), which was isolated from a polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH)-degrading consortium enriched with deep-sea water of the Indian Ocean. The isolate was Gram-reaction-negative, rod-shaped, motile by means of a polar flagellum and incapable of reducing nitrate to nitrite. Growth was observed at 0.5-8 % NaCl and at 10-41 °C. Strain P31(T) was unable to degrade Tween 80 or gelatin. The major respiratory quinone was ubiquinone 11 (Q-11). The dominant fatty acids were C(18 : 1)ω7c (39.79 %), 11-methyl C(18 : 1)ω7c (17.84 %), C(19 : 0) cyclo ω8c (12.05 %) and C(18 : 0) (6.09 %). The G+C content of the chromosomal DNA was 62.1 mol%. A phylogenetic tree based on 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis showed that strain P31(T) and Parvibaculum lavamentivorans DS-1(T) formed a distinct lineage in the family Phyllobacteriaceae; these two strains showed 95.7 % sequence similarity, while similarities between P31(T) and other members of the genus Parvibaculum were below 93 %. Based on the genotypic and phenotypic data, strain P31(T) represents a novel species of the genus Parvibaculum, for which the name Parvibaculum indicum sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is P31(T) (=CCTCC AB 208230(T) =LMG 24712(T) =MCCC 1A01132(T)).

  11. Gordonia iterans sp. nov., isolated from a patient with pneumonia.

    PubMed

    Kang, Ying-Qian; Ming, Hong; Gonoi, Tohru; Chen, Yuru; Cao, Yu; Wang, Yan-Yan; Cheng, Juan; Koga, Takeharu; Mikami, Yuzuru; Li, Wen-Jun

    2014-10-01

    A second novel clinical actinobacterial strain, designated IFM 10348(T), was isolated from the sputum of the same Japanese patient with bacterial pneumonia from whom the type strain of Gordonia araii had been isolated. The strains differed in phylogenetic position and drug-resistance profiles. The taxonomic position of strain IFM 10348(T) was clarified by phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic studies. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences clearly demonstrated that strain IFM 10348(T) occupied a distinct clade within the genus Gordonia and was related closely to Gordonia malaquae DSM 45064(T) and Gordonia hirsuta DSM 44140(T) (97.3 and 97.1% similarities, respectively). Strain IFM 10348(T) was also clearly differentiated from G. malaquae DSM 45064(T) and G. hirsuta DSM 44140(T) based on gyrB and secA1 gene sequence similarity values. Strain IFM 10348(T) had MK-9(H2) as the predominant menaquonine, contained meso-diaminopimelic acid, arabinose, galactose and glucosamine as cell-wall components, and contained C18:1ω9c, summed feature 3 (C16:1ω7c and/or C16:1ω6c) and C16:0 as the major cellular fatty acids. Mycolic acids were present. The DNA G+C content of strain IFM 10348(T) was 68.0 mol%. DNA-DNA relatedness data coupled with the combination of genotypic and phenotypic data indicated that strain IFM 10348(T) represents a novel species of the genus Gordonia, for which the name Gordonia iterans sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is IFM 10348(T) ( = CCTCC M2011245(T) = NCCB 100436(T)).

  12. Marinobacterium marisflavi sp. nov., isolated from a costal seawater.

    PubMed

    Kim, Hana; Oh, Hyun-Myung; Yang, Seung-Jo; Lee, Jung-Sook; Hong, Jae-Sang; Cho, Jang-Cheon

    2009-05-01

    A marine bacterium designated strain IMCC4074(T) was isolated from surface seawater collected off Incheon Port, the Yellow Sea, and subjected to a polyphasic taxonomy. The strain was Gram-negative, chemoheterotrophic, slightly halophilic, strictly aerobic, and motile rods. Based on 16S rRNA gene sequence comparisons, the strain was most closely related to Marinobacterium litorale KCTC 12756(T) (93.9%) and shared low 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities with members of the genus Marinobacterium (91.8-93.9%) and the genus Neptunomonas (93.4%) in the order Oceanospirillales. Phylogenetic analyses showed that this marine isolate formed an independent phyletic line within the genus Marinobacterium clade. The DNA G+C composition of the strain was 56.0 mol% and the predominant constituents of the cellular fatty acids were C(16:0) (28.0%), C(16:1 )omega7c and/or iso-C(15:0) 2-OH (19.3%), C(18:1 )omega7c (17.8%), and C(17:1) cyclo (12.5%), which differentiated the strain from other Marinobacterium species. Based on the taxonomic data collected in this study, only a distant relationship could be found between strain IMCC4074(T) and other members of the genus Marinobacterium, thus the strain represents a novel species of the genus Marinobacterium, for which the name Marinobacterium marisflavi sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain of Marinobacterium marisflavi is IMCC4074(T) (= KCTC 12757(T) = LMG 23873(T)).

  13. Serratia aquatilis sp. nov., isolated from drinking water systems.

    PubMed

    Kämpfer, Peter; Glaeser, Stefanie P

    2016-01-01

    A cream-white-pigmented, oxidase-negative bacterium (strain 2015-2462-01T), isolated from a drinking water system, was investigated in detail to determine its taxonomic position. Cells of the isolate were rod-shaped and stained Gram-negative. A comparison of the 16S rRNA gene sequence of strain 2015-2462-01T with sequences of the type strains of closely related species of the genus Serratia revealed highest similarity to Serratia fonticola (98.4 %), Serratia proteamaculans (97.8 %), Serratia liquefaciens and Serratia grimesii (both 97.7 %). 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities to all other Serratia species were below 97.4 %. Multilocus sequence analysis (MLSA) on the basis of concatenated partial gyrB, rpoB, infB and atpD gene sequences showed a clear distinction of strain 2015-2462-01T from the type strains of the closest related Serratia species. The fatty acid profile of the strain consisted of C16 : 1 ω7c, C16 : 0; C14 : 0 and C14 : 0 3-OH/iso-C16 : 1 I as major components. DNA-DNA hybridizations between 2015-2462-01T and S. fonticola ATCC 29844T resulted in a relatedness value of 27 % (reciprocal 20 %). This DNA-DNA hybridization result in combination with the MLSA results and the differential biochemical properties indicated that strain 2015-2462-01T represents a novel species of the genus Serratia, for which the name Serratia aquatilis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is 2015-2462-01T ( = LMG 29119T = CCM 8626T).

  14. Ethanoligenens harbinense gen. nov., sp. nov., isolated from molasses wastewater.

    PubMed

    Xing, Defeng; Ren, Nanqi; Li, Qiubo; Lin, Ming; Wang, Aijie; Zhao, Lihua

    2006-04-01

    Two strictly anaerobic bacterial strains (YUAN-3T and X-29) were isolated from anaerobic activated sludge of molasses wastewater in a continuous stirred-tank reactor. The strains were Gram-positive, non-spore-forming, mesophilic and motile. Cells were regular rods (0.4-0.8 x 1.5-8.0 microm) and occurred singly, in pairs and sometimes in chains of up to eight. Autoaggregative and autofluorescent growth of strain YUAN-3T and non-aggregative growth of strain X-29 were observed at 20-44 degrees C and pH 3.5-9.0. Both strains hydrolysed gelatin and aesculin and fermented several kinds of mono-, di- and oligosaccharides. Fermentation end products formed from glucose were acetate, ethanol, hydrogen and carbon dioxide. The predominant cellular fatty acids were the branched-chain fatty acids iso-C(16 : 0) (44.18 %) and iso-C(12 : 0) (26.67 %). The DNA G+C contents of strains YUAN-3T and X-29 were 47.8 and 49.0 mol%, respectively. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that the isolates represent a novel phyletic sublineage within the Clostridium cellulosi rRNA cluster, with <92 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity to currently known species. On the basis of polyphasic evidence from this study, it is proposed that the unknown bacterium should be classified in a new genus as a novel species, Ethanoligenens harbinense gen. nov., sp. nov. The type strain of Ethanoligenens harbinense is YUAN-3T (=JCM 12961T = CGMCC 1.5033T).

  15. Pigmentiphaga aceris sp. nov., isolated from tree sap.

    PubMed

    Lee, Soon Dong

    2017-09-01

    Two Gram-stain-negative bacterial strains, SAP-32T and SAP-36, were isolated from sap drawn from the Acer pictum from Mount Halla in Jeju, Republic of Korea. The organisms were strictly aerobic, non-sporulating, motile rods and showed growth at 10-30 °C, pH 7-8 and with 0-2 % NaCl. The major isoprenoid quinone was Q-8. The predominant fatty acids were C16 : 0, cyclo-C17 : 0, summed feature 3 and C18 : 0. The polar lipids contained phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, an unknown aminophosphoglycolipid, an unknown glycolipid, an unknown phospholipid and two unknown lipids. The DNA G+C content was 64.4 mol%. The results of phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that SAP-32T and SAP-36 formed a distinct cluster with members of the genus Pigmentiphaga within the family Alcaligenaceae. Both strains showed 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity of 100 % to each other. The closest relatives of the isolates were Pigmentiphaga daeguensis (97.08 % sequence similarity), Pigmentiphaga kullae (97.01 %) and Pigmentiphaga litoralis (96.73 %). On the basis of data from phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic analyses, SAP-32T (=KCTC 52619T=DSM 104039T) and SAP-36 (=KCTC 52620=DSM 104072) represent members of a novel species of the genus Pigmentiphaga, for which the name Pigmentiphaga aceris sp. nov. is proposed.

  16. Actinomadura adrarensis sp. nov., an actinobacterium isolated from Saharan soil.

    PubMed

    Lahoum, Abdelhadi; Bouras, Noureddine; Verheecke, Carol; Mathieu, Florence; Schumann, Peter; Spröer, Cathrin; Klenk, Hans-Peter; Sabaou, Nasserdine

    2016-04-26

    A novel actinobacterial strain, designated ACD12T, was isolated from a Saharan soil sample collected from Adrar province, South of Algeria. A polyphasic study was carried out to establish the taxonomic position of this strain. Strain ACD12T was observed to form extensively branched substrate mycelia. Aerial mycelium was absent or weakly produced on all tested media, while spore chains are short with hooked and irregular spirals forms (2-3 turns). The dominant diaminopimelic acid isomer in the cell wall was meso-diaminopimelic acid. Glucose, ribose, galactose, mannose and madurose occur in whole-cell hydrolysates. The major phospholipid was diphosphatidylglycerol and phosphatidylinositol. The predominant menaquinone was MK-9(H6). The fatty acid profile was characterized by the presence of C16:0, C17:0, C15:0, C18:0, C18:1 cis9 and iso-C16:0. Results of 16S rRNA gene sequence comparison revealed that strain ACD12T shared the highest degree of 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity with Actinomadura sputi DSM 45233T (98.3 %) and Actinomadura hallensis DSM 45043T (97.8 %). All tree-making algorithms used also supported the position that strain ACD12T formed a distinct clade with its most closely related species. In addition, DNA-DNA hybridization revealed only 39.8 % relatedness with A. sputi DSM 45233T and 18.7 % relatedness with A. hallensis DSM 45043T. The combined phenotypic and genotypic data showed that the isolated strain represents a novel species of the genus Actinomadura, for which the name Actinomadura adrarensis sp. nov., is proposed, with the type strain ACD12T (=DSM 46745T = CECT 8842T).

  17. Streptomyces ovatisporus sp. nov., isolated from deep marine sediment.

    PubMed

    Veyisoglu, Aysel; Cetin, Demet; Inan Bektas, Kadriye; Guven, Kiymet; Sahin, Nevzat

    2016-11-01

    The taxonomic position of a Gram-staining-positive strain, designated strain S4702T was isolated from a marine sediment collected from the southern Black Sea coast, Turkey, determined using a polyphasic approach. The isolate was found to have chemotaxonomic, morphological and phylogenetic properties consistent with its classification as representing a member of the genus Streptomyces and formed a distinct phyletic line in the 16S rRNA gene tree. S4702T was found to be most closely related to the type strains of Streptomyces marinus(DSM 41968T; 97.8 % sequence similarity) and Streptomyces abyssalis (YIM M 10400T; 97.6 %). 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities with other members of the genus Streptomyces were lower than 97.5 %. DNA-DNA relatedness of S4702T and the most closely related strain S. marinus DSM 41968T was 21.0 %. The G+C content of the genomic DNA was 72.5 mol%. The cell wall of the strain contained l,l-diaminopimelic acid and the cell-wall sugars were glucose and ribose. The major cellular fatty acids were identified as anteiso-C15 : 0, iso-C16 : 0, anteiso-C17 : 0 and iso-C15 : 0. The predominant menaquinone was MK-9(H8). The polar lipid profile of S4702T consisted of diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylinositol and phosphatidylinositol mannoside. S4702T could be distinguished from its closest phylogenetic neighbours using a combination of chemotaxonomic, morphological and physiological properties. Consequently, it is proposed that S4702T represents a novel species of the genus Streptomyces, for which the name Streptomyces ovatisporus sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is S4702T (DSM 42103T=KCTC 29206T=CGMCC 4.7357T).

  18. Chryseobacterium carnipullorum sp. nov., isolated from raw chicken.

    PubMed

    Charimba, George; Jooste, Piet; Albertyn, Jacobus; Hugo, Celia

    2013-09-01

    Three Gram-staining-negative, rod-shaped, non-spore-forming, non-motile, oxidase-positive, yellow pigmented and aerobic bacterial isolates designated 8_R23573, 9_R23581(T) and 10_R23577 were isolated from raw chicken at a broiler processing plant in Bloemfontein, South Africa. A polyphasic taxonomic approach was used to determine their exact taxonomic identities. Phylogenetic analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that the three strains belonged to the genus Chryseobacterium, exhibiting the highest similarities to Chryseobacterium shigense DSM 17126(T) (98.6-99.2%) and Chryseobacterium luteum DSM 18605(T) (98.3-98.7%). The most abundant quinone was menaquinone MK-6 and the predominant cellular fatty acids were iso-15:0, iso-17:1ω9c, iso-17:0 3-OH and summed feature 3 (iso-16:1ω7c and/or iso-15:0 2-OH), which supported the affiliation of the strains to the genus Chryseobacterium. The DNA G+C contents of the strains were 36.9, 36.7 and 36.6 mol% respectively. The DNA-DNA hybridization results gave relatedness values ranging from 78.8 to 87.2% among the three strains and 23.4 to 56.1% to the two nearest phylogenetic neighbours C. shigense DSM 17126(T) and C. luteum LMG 23785(T). On the basis of the data from this polyphasic study, the three strains are concluded to represent a novel species of the genus Chryseobacterium for which the name Chryseobacterium carnipullorum sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is 9_R23581(T) ( = LMG 26732(T) =DSM 25581(T)).

  19. Helicobacter baculiformis sp. nov., isolated from feline stomach mucosa.

    PubMed

    Baele, M; Decostere, A; Vandamme, P; Van den Bulck, K; Gruntar, I; Mehle, J; Mast, J; Ducatelle, R; Haesebrouck, F

    2008-02-01

    A Gram-negative, microaerophilic slender rod, measuring approximately 10 mum long and approximately 1 microm wide, isolated from the gastric mucosa of a cat and designated strain M50(T), was subjected to a polyphasic taxonomic study. Despite its apparent lack of helical coils, the organism showed a corkscrew-like motion by means of multiple sheathed flagella located at both ends of the cell and by a periplasmic fibril coiled around the body. Strain M50(T) grew preferably on biphasic culture plates or on very moist agar. Coccoid forms predominated in cultures older than 4 days as well as in growth obtained on dry agar plates. The strain grew at 37 degrees C, but not at 25 or 42 degrees C and exhibited urease, oxidase and catalase activities. On the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, the novel isolate was identified as a member of the genus Helicobacter and showed about 98 to 99 % sequence similarity to Helicobacter felis, Helicobacter bizzozeronii, Helicobacter salomonis, Helicobacter cynogastricus and 'Candidatus Helicobacter heilmannii', five highly related species previously detected in the feline or canine gastric mucosa. Protein profiling of strain M50(T) using SDS-PAGE revealed a pattern different from those of other Helicobacter species of mammalian gastric origin. Additionally, the urease and HSP60 gene sequences of strain M50(T) were different from those of H. felis, H. bizzozeronii, H. salomonis, H. cynogastricus and 'Ca. H. heilmannii'. It is thus proposed that strain M50(T) (=LMG 23839(T)=CCUG 53816(T)) represents a novel species within this genus, for which the name Helicobacter baculiformis sp. nov. is proposed.

  20. Lactobacillus colini sp. nov., isolated from Northern Bobwhite (Colinus virginianus).

    PubMed

    Zhang, Michael Z; Yang, Ming; Su, Hongwen; Rollins, Dale; Zhang, Shuping

    2017-02-01

    Biochemical and molecular studies were performed on five unknown bacterial strains isolated from the intestinal contents of Northern Bobwhites (Colinus virginianus) collected from western Texas, USA. The strains were Gram-stain-positive, catalase-negative, non-spore-forming rods arranged in single cells, pairs or short chains. Colonies on Columbia blood agar are circular, flat, entire, approximately 0.5-1.5 mm in diameter and surrounded with a zone of alpha-haemolysis at after incubation for 48 h at 37 °C. Colonies on MRS agar are umbonate with irregular edge, opaque and approximately 1-1.5 mm in diameter after incubation for 48 h. The 16S rRNA gene sequences of the isolates were identical and the highest sequence similarity (97 %) was found to the type strains of Lactobacillus gasseri, L. johnsonii and L. taiwanensis. The strains were distinguishable from related species of the genus Lactobacilluson the basis of carbohydrate fermentation, enzymatic production and fatty acid profiles. The peptidoglycan type is l-Lys-d-Asp (A4α). The DNA G+C content is 35.6 mol%. Major cellular fatty acids are C14 : 0, C16 : 0 and C18 : 1 ω9c. Based on phenotypic, phylogenetic and chemotaxonomic information, the strains represent a novel species of the genus Lactobacillus for which the name Lactobacillus colini sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is 111144 L1T (=DSM 101872T=KCTC 21086T).

  1. Corynebacterium nuruki sp. nov., isolated from an alcohol fermentation starter.

    PubMed

    Shin, Na-Ri; Jung, Mi-Ja; Kim, Min-Soo; Roh, Seong Woon; Nam, Young-Do; Bae, Jin-Woo

    2011-10-01

    A novel Gram-positive, strictly aerobic and non-motile bacterial strain, S6-4(T), was isolated from a Korean alcohol fermentation starter. Optimal growth occurred at 37 °C, at pH 8 and in 1 % (w/v) NaCl. The isolate was positive for oxidase and catalase. It assimilated various sugars and acids were produced from several carbohydrates. The major cell-wall sugars were galactose and arabinose. The major fatty acids of strain S6-4(T) were C(16 : 0), C(17 : 1)ω9c, C(18 : 1)ω9c and 10-methyl C(18 : 0) (tuberculostearic acid). The predominant isoprenoid quinone was menaquinone MK-9(H(2)) and peptidoglycan amino acids were meso-diaminopimelic acid, alanine, glycine and glutamic acid. The strain contained mycolic acids. According to phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences, strain S6-4(T) was most closely related to Corynebacterium variabile DSM 20132(T) (98.1 % similarity). The genomic DNA G+C content of strain S6-4(T) was 73.6 mol% and DNA-DNA hybridization values with related strains were below 33±4 %. On the basis of phenotypic, genotypic and phylogenetic data, strain S6-4(T) represents a novel species in the genus Corynebacterium, for which the name Corynebacterium nuruki sp. nov. is proposed; the type strain is S6-4(T) ( = KACC 15032(T)  = JCM 17162(T)).

  2. Novosphingobium lotistagni sp. nov., isolated from a lotus pond.

    PubMed

    Ngo, Hien T T; Trinh, Huan; Kim, Jung-Hee; Yang, Jung-Eun; Won, Kyung-Hwa; Kim, Ju-Han; Kook, MooChang; Yi, Tae-Hoo

    2016-11-01

    A Gram-staining-negative, aerobic, non-motile, rod-shaped and yellow-pigmented bacterium, designated strain THG-DN6.20T, was isolated from a lotus pond near Donghaksa temple in Daejeon, Republic of Korea. According to 16S rRNA gene sequence comparisons, strain THG-DN6.20T was found to be most closely related to Novosphingobium rosa IFO 15208T (97.6 % sequence similarity), Novosphingobium sediminicola HU1-AH51T (97.5 %) and Novosphingobium barchaimii LL02T (96.9 %). The DNA-DNA relatedness between strain THG-DN6.20T and its phylogenetically closest neighbours was below 60.0 %. The respiratory quinone and polyamine detected in strain THG-DN6.20T were ubiquinone Q-10 and spermidine, respectively. The DNA G+C content was 63.1 mol%. The major polar lipids were found to be phosphatidylethanolamine, diphosphatidylglycerol, sphingoglycolipid and phosphatidylcholine. The major fatty acids were identified as C16 : 0, summed feature 3 (C16 : 1ω7c and/or C16 : 1ω6c), summed feature 8 (C18 : 1ω7c and/or C18 : 1ω6c) and C14 : 0 2-OH. These data supported the affiliation of strain THG-DN6.20T to the genus Novosphingobium. Strain THG-DN6.20T could be distinguished from related species of the genus Novosphingobium by physiological and biochemical characteristics. Therefore, the novel isolate represents a novel species, for which the name Novosphingobium lotistagni sp. nov. is proposed, with THG-DN6.20T as the type strain (=KACC 18541T=CCTCC AB 2015354T).

  3. Sphingomonas jeddahensis sp. nov., isolated from Saudi Arabian desert soil.

    PubMed

    Wübbeler, Jan Hendrik; Oppermann-Sanio, Fred Bernd; Ockenfels, Andrea; Röttig, Annika; Osthaar-Ebker, Alena; Verbarg, Susanne; Poehlein, Anja; Madkour, Mohamed H; Al-Ansari, Ahmed M; Almakishah, Naief H; Daniel, Rolf; Steinbüchel, Alexander

    2017-09-14

    A novel Sphingomonas strain was isolated from a sample of desert soil collected near Jeddah in Saudi Arabia. A polyphasic approach was performed to characterize this strain, initially designated as G39T. Cells of strain G39T are motile, Gram-negative, catalase- and oxidase-positive. The strain is able to grow aerobically at 20-35 °C, pH 6.5-8 and tolerates up to 4 % (w/v) NaCl. Based on 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity, the closest relative type strains of G39T are Sphingomonas mucosissima DSM 17494T (98.6 %), S. dokdonensis DSM 21029T (98.4 %) and S. hankookensis DSM 23329T (97.4 %). Furthermore, the average nucleotide identities between the draft genome sequence of strain G39T and the genome sequences of all other available and related Sphingomonas species are significantly below the threshold of 94 %. The G+C content of the draft genome (3.12 Mbp) is 65.84 %. The prevalent (>5 %) cellular fatty acids of G39T were C18 : 1ω7c, C16 : 1ω7c and/or C16 : 1ω6c, C14 : 0 2-OH and C16 : 0. The only detectable respiratory quinone was ubiquinone-10 and the polar lipids profile is composed of diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, sphingoglycolipid, as well as unidentified lipids, phospholipids and glycolipids. The results of the conducted polyphasic approach confirmed that this isolate represents a novel species of the genus Sphingomonas, for which the name Sphingomonas jeddahensis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain of this species is G39T (=DSM 103790T=LMG 29955T).

  4. Streptosporangium becharense sp. nov., an actinobacterium isolated from Saharan soil.

    PubMed

    Chaabane Chaouch, Fawzia; Bouras, Noureddine; Mokrane, Salim; Zitouni, Abdelghani; Schumann, Peter; Spröer, Cathrin; Sabaou, Nasserdine; Klenk, Hans-Peter

    2016-04-13

    The taxonomic position of a novel actinobacterium, strain SG1T, isolated from a Saharan soil sample collected from Béni-Abbès, Béchar (South-West Algeria) was established by using a polyphasic approach. The microorganism had morphological and chemical features that were consistent with its classification in the genus Streptosporangium. The cell-wall peptidoglycan contained meso-diaminopimelic acid. The whole-cell sugars contained ribose and glucose, but not madurose. The predominant menaquinones was MK-9(H2) and MK-9(H4). The polar lipid profile contained diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylmethylethanolamine, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylhydroxymethylethanolamine, phosphatidylhydroxyethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylinositol and phosphatidylinositol mannosides. The predominant cellular fatty acids were C17 : 1 ω8c, iso-C16 : 0, 10-methyl C17 : 0, C18 : 1 ω9c and C17 : 0. 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity analysis supported the classification of the isolate in the genus Streptosporangium and indicated that it was most closely related to 'Streptosporangium subfuscum' DSM 46724T (99.7 % similarity), Streptosporangium pseudovulgare DSM 43181T (98.7 %), Streptosporangium fragile DSM 43847T (98.6 %) and Streptosporangium sandarakinum DSM 45763T (98.5 %). Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain SG1T formed a cluster with its closest relative 'S. subfuscum' DSM 46724T. However, DNA-DNA relatedness as well as physiological and chemotaxonomical analyses showed that strain SG1T could be differentiated from its closest phylogenetic relatives. Therefore, it is proposed that strain SG1T should be classified as the type strain of a novel species in the genus Streptosporangium, for which the name Streptosporangium becharense sp. nov., is proposed. The type strain is SG1T (=DSM 46887T =CECT 8961T).

  5. Niabella aquatica sp. nov., isolated from lake water.

    PubMed

    Siddiqi, Muhammad Zubair; Im, Wan-Taek

    2016-09-01

    A Gram-reaction-negative, strictly aerobic, non-motile, yellow and rod-shaped bacterium (designated RP-2T) isolated from lake water, was characterized by a polyphasic approach to clarify its taxonomic position. Strain RP-2T was observed to grow optimally at 30 °C and at pH 7.0 on R2A medium. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that RP-2T represented a member of the genus Niabella of the family Chitinophagaceae and was most closely related to Niabella yanshanensis KACC 14980T (96.6 %), Niabella ginsengisoliKACC 13021T (96.5 %), Niabella drilacis DSM 25811T (95.7 %) and Niabella aurantiaca KACC 11698T (95.6 %). The DNA G+C content was 44.5 mol%. The major polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol (DPG) and phosphatidylethanolamine (PE). The predominant quinone was MK-7. The major fatty acids were iso-C15:0, iso-C15:1G, iso-C17:0 3-OH and summed feature 3 (comprising C16:1ω7c and/or C16:1ω6c) supported the affiliation of RP-2T to the genus Niabella. However, RP-2T could be distinguished genotypically and phenotypically from the species of the genus Niabella with validly published names. The novel isolate therefore represents a novel species, for which the name Niabella aquatica sp. nov. is proposed, with the type strain RP-2T (=KACC 18623T =JCM 30952T).

  6. Burkholderia megalochromosomata sp. nov., isolated from grassland soil.

    PubMed

    Baek, Inwoo; Seo, Boram; Lee, Imchang; Lee, Kihyun; Park, Sang-Cheol; Yi, Hana; Chun, Jongsik

    2015-03-01

    A Gram-stain negative, rod-shaped, non-spore-forming, obligate aerobic bacterial strain, JC2949(T), was isolated from grassland soil in Gwanak Mountain, Seoul, Republic of Korea. Phylogenetic analysis, based on 16S rRNA sequences, indicated that strain JC2949(T) belongs to the genus Burkholderia, showing highest sequence similarities with Burkholderia grimmiae R27(T) (98.8 %), Burkholderia cordobensis LMG 27620(T) (98.6 %), Burkholderia jiangsuensis MP-1T(T) (98.6 %), Burkholderia zhejiangensis OP-1(T) (98.5 %), Burkholderia humi LMG 22934(T) (97.5 %), Burkholderia terrestris LMG 22937(T) (97.3 %), Burkholderia telluris LMG 22936(T) (97.2 %) and Burkholderia glathei ATCC 29195(T) (97.0 %). The major fatty acids of strain JC2949(T) were C18 : 1ω7c, summed feature 3 (C16 : 1ω7c and/or C16 : 1ω6c) and C16 : 0. Its predominant polar lipids were phosphatidylethanolamine, diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol and an unknown amino phospholipid. The dominant isoprenoid quinone was ubiquinone Q-8. The pairwise average nucleotide identity values between strain JC2949(T) and the genomes of 30 other species of the genus Burkholderia ranged from 73.4-90.4 %, indicating that the isolate is a novel genomic species within this genus. Based on phenotypic and chemotaxonomic comparisons, it is clear that strain JC2949(T) represents a novel species of the genus Burkholderia. We propose the name for this novel species to be Burkholderia megalochromosomata sp. nov. The type strain is JC2949(T) ( = KACC 17925(T) = JCM 19905(T)).

  7. Lysobacter novalis sp. nov., isolated from fallow farmland soil.

    PubMed

    Singh, Hina; Du, Juan; Won, Kyung-Hwa; Yang, Jung-Eun; Akter, Shahina; Kim, Ki-Young; Yi, Tae-Hoo

    2015-09-01

    A novel bacterial strain, designated THG-PC7(T), was isolated from fallow farmland soil in Yongin, South Korea. Cells of strain THG-PC7(T) were Gram-stain-negative, dark yellow, aerobic, rod-shaped and had gliding motility. Strain THG-PC7(T) grew optimally at 25-35 °C, at pH 7 and in the absence of NaCl. Comparative 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis identified strain THG-PC7(T) as belonging to the genus Lysobacter, exhibiting highest sequence similarity with Lysobacter ximonensis KCTC 22336(T) (98.7%) followed by Lysobacter niastensis KACC 11588(T) (95.7%). In DNA-DNA hybridization tests, DNA relatedness between strain THG-PC7(T) and its closest phylogenetic neighbour L. ximonensis was below 25%. The DNA G+C content of the novel isolate was determined to be 62.5 mol%. Flexirubin-type pigments were found to be present. The major cellular fatty acids were determined to be iso-C15 : 0, iso-C16 : 0, anteiso-C15 : 0 and iso-C17 : 1ω9c. The major respiratory quinone was identified as ubiquonone-8 (Q8). The predominant polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol and an unidentified aminophospolipid. On the basis of results from DNA-DNA hybridization and the polyphasic data, strain THG-PC7(T) represents a novel species of the genus Lysobacter, for which the name Lysobacter novalis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is THG-PC7(T)( = KACC 18276(T) = CCTCC AB 2014319(T)).

  8. Chengkuizengella sediminis gen. nov. sp. nov., isolated from sediment.

    PubMed

    Cao, Wen-Rui; Guo, Ling-Yun; Du, Zong-Jun; Das, Anindita; Saren, Gaowa; Jiang, Ming-Yu; Dunlap, Christopher A; Rooney, Alejandro P; Yu, Xin-Ke; Li, Tie-Gang

    2017-08-01

    A Gram-stain-positive, aerobic, motile, endospore-forming bacterium, designated strain J15A17T, was isolated from sediment of the South China Sea. The strain was oxidase-positive and catalase-negative. Optimal growth occurred at 33 °C, pH 7.5 and in the presence of 3 % (w/v) NaCl. On the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, the strain showed closest similarity (92.8 %) to Paenibacillus puldeungensis strain CAU 9324T. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that the isolate forms a separate branch within the family Paenibacillaceae, with the genus Cohnella as the most closely related genus. The DNA G+C content of strain J15A17T was 37.4 mol%. The strain contained MK-7 as the sole respiratory quinone; anteiso-C15 : 0 and iso-C16 : 0 were the major cellular fatty acids; and its polar lipid pattern consisted of diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, glycolipid and four unidentified phospholipids. The strain displayed the peptidoglycan type A4α l-Lys-d-Asp in the cell wall. Phylogenetic, physiological, biochemical and morphological differences between strain J15A17T and its closest relatives in the genera Cohnella, Fontibacillus and Paenibacillus suggest that strain J15A17T (=KCTC 33759T=MCCC 1H00137T) represents the type strain of a novel species in a new genus within the family Paenibacillaceae, Chengkuizengella sediminis gen. nov. sp. nov.

  9. Rufibacter roseus sp. nov., isolated from radiation-polluted soil.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Zhi-Dong; Gu, Mei-Ying; Zhu, Jing; Li, Shan-Hui; Zhang, Li-Juan; Xie, Yu-Qing; Shi, Yu-Hu; Wang, Wei; Li, Wen-Jun

    2015-05-01

    A rose, Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacterium that was motile by gliding, and designated strain H359(T), was isolated from radiation-polluted soil (with high Cs(137)) from the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region of PR China and subjected to a polyphasic taxonomic analysis. The isolate grew optimally at 30 °C and pH 7.0. It grew with NaCl up to 4% (w/v). 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis indicated that strain H359(T) belonged to the genus Rufibacter, a member of the family Cytophagaceae, with Rufibacter tibetensis CCTCC AB 208084(T) as its closest phylogenetic relative, having 96.1% 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity to the type strain. Strain H359(T) contained menaquinone-7 (MK-7) as the predominant menaquinone, and the major fatty acids were iso-C15 : 0, summed feature 4 (iso-C17 : 1 I and/or anteiso-C17 : 1 B), summed feature 3 (C16 : 1ω7c and/or C16 : 1ω6c) and C16 : 1ω5c. The polar lipid profile had phosphatidylethanolamine as the major component. The DNA G+C content was 43.9 mol%. Based on phenotypic, genotypic and phylogenetic evidence, strain H359(T) represents a novel species of the genus Rufibacter, for which the name Rufibacter roseus sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is H359(T) ( =CPCC 100615(T) =KCTC 42217(T)).

  10. Actinoplanes subglobosus sp. nov., isolated from mixed deciduous forest soil.

    PubMed

    Ngaemthao, Wipaporn; Chunhametha, Suwanee; Suriyachadkun, Chanwit

    2016-11-01

    A novel filamentous bacterial strain, A-T 5400T, which developed subglobose sporangia at the end of sporangiophores on substrate mycelia, was isolated from mixed deciduous forest soil collected in Thailand. The taxonomic position of this micro-organism was described using a polyphasic approach. The 16S rRNA gene sequence and phylogenetic analysis indicated that strain A-T 5400T belonged to the genus Actinoplanes and was most closely related to 'Actinoplanes hulinensis' NEAU-M9 (98.82 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity) and Actinoplanes philippinensis NBRC 13878T (98.75 %). The DNA-DNA relatedness values that distinguished the novel strain from the closest species were below 70 %. The cell-wall peptidoglycan contained meso-diaminopimelic acid. The whole-cell sugars were ribose, galactose, glucose and xylose. The predominant menaquinone was MK-9(H4). The diagnostic phospholipids were phosphatidylethanolamine, diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol and phosphatidylinositol. The predominant cellular fatty acids were unsaturated fatty acids C16 : 1, branched fatty acids iso-C16 : 0 and iso-C15 : 0. The G+C content of the genomic DNA was 71 mol%. Following evidence from phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and genotypic studies, the new isolate is proposed to represent a novel species of the genus Actinoplanes named Actinoplanes subglobosus sp. nov. The type strain is A-T 5400T (=BCC 42734T=TBRC 5832T=NBRC 109645T).

  11. Aneurinibacillus soli sp. nov., isolated from mountain soil.

    PubMed

    Lee, Keun Chul; Kim, Kwang Kyu; Eom, Mi Kyung; Kim, Jong-Shik; Kim, Dae-Shin; Ko, Suk-Hyung; Lee, Jung-Sook

    2014-11-01

    A novel bacterial strain designated CB4(T) was isolated from soil from the Hallasan, Jeju, Korea. Strain CB4(T) was found to be strictly aerobic, Gram-stain-positive, rod-shaped, motile and formed creamy greyish colonies on nutrient agar. The major fatty acids were identified as iso-C(15:0) and iso-C(16:0), and the predominant isoprenoid quinone as MK-7. The cell-wall peptidoglycan contained glycine and alanine as the diagnostic amino acids and phosphatidyl-N-methylethanolamine, phosphatidylethanolamine, diphosphatidylglycerol and an unidentified aminophospholipid as the polar lipids. The genomic DNA G+C content of strain CB4(T) was 46.5 mol%. Phylogenetic analysis, based on 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities, showed that strain CB4(T) forms a deep branch within the genus Aneurinibacillus, sharing the highest level of sequence homology with Aneurinibacillus aneurinilyticus DSM 5562(T) (96.5%). On the basis of the phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic characteristics, strain CB4(T) is considered to represent a novel species within the genus Aneurinibacillus, for which the name Aneurinibacillus soli sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is CB4(T) ( =KCTC 33505(T) =CECT 8566(T)). An emended description of the genus Aneurinibacillus is also proposed.

  12. Nesterenkonia populi sp. nov., an actinobacterium isolated from Populus euphratica.

    PubMed

    Liu, Jia-Meng; Tuo, Li; Habden, Xugela; Guo, Lin; Jiang, Zhong-Ke; Liu, Xian-Fu; Chen, Li; Zhang, Yu-Qin; Sun, Cheng-Hang

    2015-05-01

    An alkaliphilic and moderately halophilic actinobacterium, designated strain GP10-3(T), was isolated from Populus euphratica collected from the southern edge of Taklimakan desert, Xinjiang, China. Cells of this strain were Gram-stain-positive, non-motile and non-spore-forming short rods. Strain GP10-3(T) grew optimally at 37 °C on LB agar media in the presence of 5-10% (w/v) NaCl at pH 9.0. The menaquinones were MK-7, MK-8 and MK-9. The major fatty acids (>10%) were anteiso-C17 : 0, anteiso-C15 : 0 and iso-C16 : 0. The peptidoglycan type was variation A4α, L-Lys-L-Glu. The polar lipids consisted of diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycolipid, phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylinositol, glycolipid and an unidentified phospholipid. The DNA G+C content was 67.4 mol%. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequence showed that strain GP10-3(T) belonged to the genus Nesterenkonia , sharing 94.6-96.9% sequence similarity with the type strains of species within this genus with validly published names. Based on the evidence of the polyphasic taxonomic study, strain GP10-3(T) represents a novel species of the genus Nesterenkonia , for which the name Nesterenkonia populi sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is GP10-3(T) ( = DSM 27959(T) = KCTC 29119(T)).

  13. Cohnella collisoli sp. nov., isolated from lava forest soil.

    PubMed

    Lee, Keun Chul; Kim, Kwang Kyu; Kim, Jong-Shik; Kim, Dae-Shin; Ko, Suk-Hyung; Yang, Seung-Hoon; Lee, Jung-Sook

    2015-09-01

    A novel bacterial strain, NKM-5(T), was isolated from soil of a lava forest in Nokkome Oreum, Jeju, Republic of Korea. Cells of strain NKM-5(T) were Gram-stain-positive, motile, endospore-forming, rod-shaped and oxidase- and catalase-positive. Strain NKM-5(T) contained anteiso-C15 : 0 and iso-C16 : 0 as the major fatty acids; menaquinone-7 (MK-7) as the predominant isoprenoid quinone; diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, lysyl-phosphatidylglycerol, an unidentified phospholipid and three unidentified aminophospholipids as the polar lipids; and meso-diaminopimelic acid as the diagnostic diamino acid in the cell-wall peptidoglycan. The DNA G+C content was 48.3 mol%. Phylogenetic analysis, based on 16S rRNA gene sequencing, showed that strain NKM-5(T) was most closely related to Cohnella lupini RLAHU4B(T) (96.9% sequence similarity) and fell into a clade in the genus Cohnella. On the basis of phylogenetic, chemotaxonomic and phenotypic data, strain NKM-5(T) represents a novel species of the genus Cohnella, for which the name Cohnella collisoli sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is NKM-5(T) ( = KCTC 33634(T) = CECT 8805(T)).

  14. Nocardioides glacieisoli sp. nov., isolated from a glacier.

    PubMed

    Liu, Qing; Liu, Hong-Can; Zhang, Jian-Li; Zhou, Yu-Guang; Xin, Yu-Hua

    2015-12-01

    A Gram-stain-positive, rod-shaped, non-spore-forming bacterium (strain HLT3-15T) was isolated from the ice tongue surface of the Hailuogou glacier in Szechwan Province, PR China. Phylogenetic analysis, based on 16S rRNA gene sequences, revealed that strain HLT3-15T belonged to the genus Nocardioides. The highest levels of sequence similarities were found with Nocardioides hwasunensis CGMCC 4.6881T and Nocardioides ganghwensis CGMCC 4.6875T (98.5 % and 98.3 %, respectively). However, DNA-DNA relatedness demonstrated that strain HLT3-15T was distinct from its closest phylogenetic neighbours. The major cellular fatty acids of strain HLT3-15T were C17 : 1ω8c and iso-C16 : 0. Strain HLT3-15T contained ll-2,6-diaminopimelic acid as the diamino acid in the cell-wall peptidoglycan and MK-8(H4) as the predominant menaquinone. On the basis of a polyphasic approach, a novel species, Nocardioides glacieisoli sp. nov., is proposed with HLT3-15T ( = CGMCC 1.11097T = NBRC 109781T) as the type strain.

  15. Haloferula chungangensis sp. nov., isolated from marine sediment.

    PubMed

    Kang, Hyeonji; Traiwan, Jitsopin; Weerawongwiwat, Veeraya; Jung, Min Young; Jeong, Ji Hoon; Myung, Soon Chul; Lee, Keun Chul; Lee, Jung-Sook; Kim, Wonyong

    2013-01-01

    A Gram-stain-negative, non-spore-forming, non-motile, strictly aerobic, rod-shaped bacterial strain, designated CAU 1074(T), was isolated from marine sediment and its taxonomic position was investigated using a polyphasic approach. Strain CAU 1074(T) grew optimally at 30 °C and pH 6.5. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain CAU 1074(T) formed a distinct lineage within the genus Haloferula and was most closely related to Haloferula harenae KCTC 22198(T) (96.0% similarity). Strain CAU 1074(T) contained MK-9 as the major isoprenoid quinone, and iso-C(14:0,) C(16:1)ω9c and C(16:0) as the major fatty acids. The cell wall peptidoglycan contained meso-diaminopimelic acid. The major whole-cell sugars were glucose, xylose, mannose and ribose. The polar lipids were composed of diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, aminoglycolipid and two unidentified phospholipids. The DNA G+C content of the strain was 64.0 mol%. On the basis of phenotypic and chemotaxonomic data, and phylogenetic inference, strain CAU 1074(T) should be classified as a member of a novel species in the genus Haloferula, for which the name Haloferula chungangensis sp. nov. is proposed; the type strain is CAU 1074(T) (= KCTC 23578(T) = CCUG 61920(T)). An emended description of the genus Haloferula is also provided.

  16. Paenibacillus baekrokdamisoli sp. nov., isolated from soil of crater lake.

    PubMed

    Lee, Keun Chul; Kim, Kwang Kyu; Kim, Jong-Shik; Kim, Dae-Shin; Ko, Suk-Hyung; Yang, Seung-Hoon; Lee, Jung-Sook

    2016-05-01

    A novel bacterial strain, Back-11T, was isolated from sediment soil of a crater lake, Baekrokdam, Hallasan, Jeju, Republic of Korea. Cells of strain Back-11T were Gram-stain-positive, motile, endospore-forming, rod-shaped and oxidase- and catalase-positive. It contained anteiso-C15 : 0 as the major fatty acid, menaquinone-7 (MK-7) as the predominant isoprenoid quinone, diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine and four unidentified aminophospholipids as the main polar lipids, and meso-diaminopimelic acid as the diagnostic diamino acid in the cell-wall peptidoglycan. The DNA G+C content was 45.3 mol%. Phylogenetic analysis, based on 16S rRNA gene sequencing, showed that strain Back-11T was most closely related to Paenibacillus taihuensis THMBG22T (95.5 % similarity) and fell into a clade in the genus Paenibacillus. On the basis of phylogenetic, chemotaxonomic and phenotypic data, strain Back-11T represents a novel species in the genus Paenibacillus, for which the name Paenibacillus baekrokdamisoli sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is Back-11T ( = KCTC 33723T = CECT 8890T).

  17. Pullulanibacillus pueri sp. nov., isolated from Pu'er tea.

    PubMed

    Niu, Lili; Tang, Tianyi; Song, Lei; Xiong, Mengjie; Tian, Jianqing; Zhang, Kegui; Hu, Xing; Zhu, Daochen

    2015-07-01

    A novel Gram-stain-positive, aerobic, endospore-forming, rod-shaped bacterial strain YN3(T) was isolated from ripened Pu'er tea. Phylogenetic analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that the strain belonged to the family Sporolactobacillaceae and was closely related to Pullulanibacillus naganoensis DSM 10191(T) (95.8% 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity) and Pullulanibacillus uraniitolerans DSM 19429(T) (95.4%). Growth of the strain was observed at 20-50 °C (optimum 30-37 °C), at pH 4.0-8.0 (optimum pH 5.0-6.0). The strain had a cell-wall type A1γ peptidoglycan with meso-diaminopimelic acid as the diagnostic diamino acid. The predominant menaquinone was menaquinone-7 (MK-7). The major fatty acids were anteiso-C15:0, anteiso-C17:0 and C18:1ω7c. The DNA G+C content of strain YN3(T) was 38.7 mol%. Strain YN3(T) could be differentiated from recognized species of the genus Pullulanibacillus based on phenotypic characteristics, chemotaxonomic differences, phylogenetic analysis and DNA-DNA hybridization data. On the basis of polyphasic evidence from this study, Pullulanibacilluspueri sp. nov., is proposed, with strain YN3(T) ( = CGMCC 1.12777(T ) = JCM 30075(T)) as the type strain.

  18. Deinococcus aetherius sp. nov., isolated from the stratosphere.

    PubMed

    Yang, Yinjie; Itoh, Takashi; Yokobori, Shin-Ichi; Shimada, Haruo; Itahashi, Shiho; Satoh, Katsuya; Ohba, Hirofumi; Narumi, Issay; Yamagishi, Akihiko

    2010-04-01

    A pink-red pigmented, non-motile, coccoid bacterial strain, ST0316(T), was isolated from dust samples collected from the stratosphere in Japan. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that it belonged to the genus Deinococcus. DNA G+C content (69.8 mol%), desiccation tolerance, and resistance to gamma-rays [D(10) (dose required to reduce the bacterial population by 10-fold) >8 kGy] and UV radiation (D(10) 1000 J m(-2)) supported the affiliation of strain ST0316(T) to the genus Deinococcus. The major peptidoglycan amino acids were d-glutamic acid, glycine, d-alanine, l-alanine and ornithine. Predominant fatty acids were C(16 : 1)omega7c, C(16 : 0), C(17 : 0) and iso-C(17 : 0). Strain ST0316(T) diverged from recognized species of the genus Deinococcus, showing less than 93.0 % similarity values to its closest relatives Deinococcus apachensis, D. aerius, D. geothermalis and D. murrayi. Strain ST0316(T) also differed from the type strains of closely related species in its polar lipid profile, nitrate reduction and carbon-source assimilation tests. Therefore, we propose a new species of the genus Deinococcus, Deinococcus aetherius sp. nov. (type strain, ST0316(T) =JCM 11751(T) =DSM 21230(T)).

  19. Cellulomonas marina sp. nov., isolated from deep-sea water.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Limin; Xi, Lijun; Qiu, Danheng; Song, Lei; Dai, Xin; Ruan, Jisheng; Huang, Ying

    2013-08-01

    A bacterial strain FXJ8.089(T) was isolated from deep-sea water collected from the southwest Indian Ocean (49° 39' E 37° 47' S) at a depth of 2800 m, and its taxonomic position was investigated by a polyphasic approach. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain FXJ8.089(T) belonged to the genus Cellulomonas and had the highest similarities with Cellulomonas oligotrophica (96.9 %) and Cellulomonas aerilata (96.6 %). It contained MK-9(H4) as the predominant menaquinone. The polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol and phosphatidylinositol mannosides. The cell-wall peptidoglycan type was A4β with an interpeptide bridge L-Orn-D-Glu. The cell-wall sugars were glucose, mannose and ribose. The DNA G+C content was 70.3 mol%. The strain also showed a number of physiological and biochemical characteristics that were distinct from the closely related species. Based on phenotypic and genotypic data, strain FXJ8.089(T) (= CGMCC 4.6945(T) = DSM 24960(T)) represents a novel species of the genus Cellulomonas, for which the name Cellulomonas marina sp. nov. is proposed.

  20. Enterococcus Xinjiangensis sp. nov., Isolated from Yogurt of Xinjiang, China.

    PubMed

    Ren, Xiaopu; Li, Mingyang; Guo, Dongqi

    2016-09-01

    A Gram-strain-positive bacterial strain 48(T) was isolated from traditional yogurt in Xinjiang Province, China. The bacterium was characterized by a polyphasic approach, including 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, polymerase α subunit (rpoA) gene sequence analysis, determination of DNA G+C content, DNA-DNA hybridization with the type strain of Enterococcus ratti and analysis of phenotypic features. Strain 48(T) accounted for 96.1, 95.8, 95.8, and 95.7 % with Enterococcus faecium CGMCC 1.2136(T), Enterococcus hirae ATCC 9790(T), Enterococcus durans CECT 411(T), and E. ratti ATCC 700914(T) in the 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities, respectively. The sequence of rpoA gene showed similarities of 99.0, 96.0, 96.0, and 96 % with that of E. faecium ATCC 19434(T), Enterococcus villorum LMG12287, E. hirae ATCC 9790(T), and E. durans ATCC 19432(T), respectively. Based upon of polyphasic characterization data obtained in the study, a novel species, Enterococcus xinjiangensis sp. nov., was proposed and the type strain was 48(T)(=CCTCC AB 2014041(T) = JCM 30200(T)).

  1. Enterococcus xiangfangensis sp. nov., isolated from Chinese pickle.

    PubMed

    Li, Chun Yan; Tian, Fen; Zhao, Ya Dong; Gu, Chun Tao

    2014-03-01

    A Gram-stain-positive bacterial strain, 11097(T), was isolated from traditional pickle in Heilongjiang Province, China. The bacterium was characterized using a polyphasic approach, including 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, phenylalanyl-tRNA synthase (pheS) gene sequence analysis, RNA polymerase α subunit (rpoA) gene sequence analysis, fatty acid methyl ester (FAME) analysis, determination of DNA G+C content, DNA-DNA hybridization and an analysis of phenotypic features. Strain 11097(T) was phylogenetically related to Enterococcus devriesei, E. pseudoavium, E. viikkiensis, E. avium, E. malodoratus, E. gilvus and E. raffinosus. Strain 11097(T) had 99.1-99.9% 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities, 78.2-83.2% pheS gene sequence similarities and 93.8-96.6% rpoA gene sequence similarities with type strains of phylogenetically related species. Based upon polyphasic characterization data obtained in the present study, a novel species of the genus Enterococcus, Enterococcus xiangfangensis sp. nov., is proposed with the type strain 11097(T) ( = LMG 27495(T) = NCIMB 14834(T)).

  2. Mesorhizobium olivaresii sp. nov. isolated from Lotus corniculatus nodules.

    PubMed

    Lorite, María J; Flores-Félix, José David; Peix, Álvaro; Sanjuán, Juan; Velázquez, Encarna

    2016-12-01

    In this study four Mesorhizobium strains isolated from Lotus corniculatus nodules in Granada (Spain) were characterized. Their 16S rRNA gene sequences were closely related to those of M. albiziae LMG 23507(T) and M. chacoense Pr5(T) showing 99.4 and 99.2% similarity values, respectively. The analysis of concatenated rpoB, recA, atpD and glnII genes showed they formed a cluster with internal similarities higher than 97%. The closest species also were M. albiziae LMG 23507(T) and M. chacoense Pr5(T) showing similarity values lower than 92% in rpoB, recA and glnII genes and lower than 96.5% in the atpD gene. These results indicated that the L. corniculatus strains belong to a new species of genus Mesorhizobium which was confirmed by DNA-DNA hybridization and phenotypic characterization. Therefore a new species with the name Mesorhizobium olivaresii sp. nov. is proposed, and the type strain is CPS13(T) (LMG 29295(T)=CECT 9099(T)). Copyright © 2016 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.

  3. Phyllobacterium loti sp. nov. isolated from nodules of Lotus corniculatus

    PubMed Central

    Sánchez, Maximo; Ramírez-Bahena, Martha-Helena; Peix, Alvaro; Lorite, María J.; Sanjuán, Juan; Monza, Jorge

    2014-01-01

    Strain S658T was isolated from a Lotus corniculatus nodule in a soil sample obtained in Uruguay. Phylogenetic analysis of the 16S rRNA gene and atpD gene showed that this strain clustered within the genus Phyllobacterium. The closest related species was, in both cases, Phyllobacterium trifolii PETP02T with 99.8 % sequence similarity in the 16S rRNA gene and 96.1 % in the atpD gene. The 16S rRNA gene contains an insert at the beginning of the sequence that has no similarities with other inserts present in the same gene in described rhizobial species. Ubiquinone Q-10 was the only quinone detected. Strain S658T differed from its closest relatives through its growth in diverse culture conditions and in the assimilation of several carbon sources. It was not able to reproduce nodules in Lotus corniculatus. The results of DNA–DNA hybridization, phenotypic tests and fatty acid analyses confirmed that this strain should be classified as a representative of a novel species of the genus Phyllobacterium, for which the name Phyllobacterium loti sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is S658T( = LMG 27289T = CECT 8230T). PMID:24271211

  4. Chitinophaga vermicomposti sp. nov., with antifungal activity, isolated from vermicompost.

    PubMed

    Yasir, Muhammad; Aslam, Zubair; Song, Geun Cheol; Bibi, Fehmida; Jeon, Che Ok; Chung, Young Ryun

    2010-01-01

    A Gram-negative, rod-shaped bacterial strain, YC6729T, was isolated from the vermicompost (VC) collected at Masan, Korea and its taxonomic position was investigated by a polyphasic taxonomic approach. Strain YC6729T grew optimally at 30 degrees C and at pH 6.5-8.5. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain YC6729T belongs to the genus Chitinophaga in the family Chitinophagaceae. Most closely related species are Chitinophaga terra KP01T (96.4 %), Chitinophaga ginsengisegetis Gsoil 040T (96.1 %) and Chitinophaga arvensicola IAM 12650T (96.1 %). Strain YC6729T contained MK-7 as the major menaquinone and homospermidine as the major polyamine. The major fatty acids of strain YC6729T C15:0 iso, C16:1omega5c and C17:0 iso 3-OH. The total DNA G+C content was 48.9 mol%. The phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic data showed that strain YC6729T represents a novel species of the genus Chitinophaga, for which the name Chitinophaga vermicomposti sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is YC6729T (= KACC 13774T = DSM 22224T).

  5. Ruminococcus faecis sp. nov., isolated from human faeces.

    PubMed

    Kim, Min-Soo; Roh, Seong Woon; Bae, Jin-Woo

    2011-06-01

    Bacterial strain Eg2(T), an anaerobic, Gram-positive, non-motile, and non-spore-forming coccus, was isolated from human faeces. The optimal temperature for its growth was 37°C. Oxidase activity was negative, but catalase activity was positive. The strain was able to hydrolyze esculin and to produce acids from the fermentation of several substrates, including glucose. Lactic and acetic acids were the main products of glucose fermentation. The major fatty acids present in this strain were C(16:0), C(14:0), and C(18:1) cis11 DMA. The G+C content was 43.4 mol%. Based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence, strain Eg2(T) was closely related to species of the genus Ruminococcus (96.3% similarity to R. torques and 96.2% similarity to R. lactaris), and its taxonomic position was placed within the Clostridium cluster XIVa. Based on phenotypic, chemotaxonomic, genotypic, and phylogenetic evidence, we propose that this novel strain be assigned to the genus Ruminococcus and be named Ruminococcus faecis sp. nov. The type strain is Eg2(T) (=KCTC 5757(T) =JCM 15917(T)).

  6. Sellimonas intestinalis gen. nov., sp. nov., Isolated from Human Faeces.

    PubMed

    Seo, Boram; Yoo, Ju Eun; Lee, Yung Mi; Ko, GwangPyo

    2015-12-04

    A Gram-stain-positive and obligate anaerobic bacterial strain, BR72T, forming ivory yellow-colored colonies was isolated from a fecal sample of a healthy Korean. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis indicated that the strain BR72T belongs to the Clostridium cluster XIVa and represents a distinct phyletic line within the family Lachnospiraceae. The most closely related strains were Clostridium nexile DSM 1787T (94.1 %), Coprococcus comes ATCC 27758T (93.5 %), Ruminococcus torques ATCC 27756T (93.5 %) and Eubacterium fissicatena DSM 3598T (92.9 %). The DNA G+C content of the type strain based on genome sequence is 45.3 mol%. The major cellular fatty acids are C16:0 (29.7 %), C14:0 (24.4 %) and iso-C17:1 I and/or anteiso-C17:1 B (17.7 %). Acetic acid is produced from glucose fermentation. Also, other physiological and biochemical comparisons allowed phenotypic differentiation of strain BR72T from the members of the family Lachnospiraceae. Based on the phylogenetic and phenotypic findings, this strain is considered to represent a novel species of a new genus belonging to the family Lachnospiraceae and the name Sellimonas intestinalis gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is BR72T (= KCTC 15479T = JCM 30749T).

  7. Blautia faecis sp. nov., isolated from human faeces.

    PubMed

    Park, Seong-Kyu; Kim, Min-Soo; Bae, Jin-Woo

    2013-02-01

    A strictly anoxic, Gram-stain-positive, non-motile Blautia-like bacterium, designated strain M25(T), was isolated from a human faecal sample. Strain M25(T) was negative for both catalase and oxidase activity, utilized carbohydrates as fermentable substrates, produced lactate and acetate as the major end products of glucose fermentation in PYG medium, and had a DNA G+C content of 41.6 mol%. Comparative 16S rRNA gene sequencing showed that strain M25(T) was closely related to Ruminococcus obeum ATCC 29174(T) (96.40 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity) and Blautia glucerasea HFTH-1(T) (96.17 %) within the family Lachnospiraceae. Straight-chain saturated and monounsaturated cellular fatty acids were also detected, the majority being C(14 : 0), C(16 : 0) and C(16 : 0) dimethyl acetal acids. Based on the phenotypic, genotypic and phylogenetic characteristics presented in this study, strain M25(T) represents a novel species within the genus Blautia for which the name Blautia faecis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is M25(T) ( = KCTC 5980(T) = JCM 17205(T)).

  8. Phyllobacterium loti sp. nov. isolated from nodules of Lotus corniculatus.

    PubMed

    Sánchez, Maximo; Ramírez-Bahena, Martha-Helena; Peix, Alvaro; Lorite, María J; Sanjuán, Juan; Velázquez, Encarna; Monza, Jorge

    2014-03-01

    Strain S658(T) was isolated from a Lotus corniculatus nodule in a soil sample obtained in Uruguay. Phylogenetic analysis of the 16S rRNA gene and atpD gene showed that this strain clustered within the genus Phyllobacterium. The closest related species was, in both cases, Phyllobacterium trifolii PETP02(T) with 99.8 % sequence similarity in the 16S rRNA gene and 96.1 % in the atpD gene. The 16S rRNA gene contains an insert at the beginning of the sequence that has no similarities with other inserts present in the same gene in described rhizobial species. Ubiquinone Q-10 was the only quinone detected. Strain S658(T) differed from its closest relatives through its growth in diverse culture conditions and in the assimilation of several carbon sources. It was not able to reproduce nodules in Lotus corniculatus. The results of DNA-DNA hybridization, phenotypic tests and fatty acid analyses confirmed that this strain should be classified as a representative of a novel species of the genus Phyllobacterium, for which the name Phyllobacterium loti sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is S658(T)( = LMG 27289(T) = CECT 8230(T)).

  9. Sphingobacterium paludis sp. nov., isolated from wetland soil.

    PubMed

    Feng, Hao; Zeng, Yanhua; Huang, Yili

    2014-10-01

    A novel Gram-stain-negative bacteria, designated S37(T), was isolated from soil of the Xixi wetland, Zhejiang province, China. Cells of strain S37(T) were aerobic, non-motile rods. Growth occurred at 10-37 °C (optimum, 25 °C), pH 5.0-9.7 (optimum, pH 7.5) and with 0-6% (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 0.5%). Based on 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, strain S37(T) was found to be a member of the genus Sphingobacterium and shared highest similarity with Sphingobacterium composti 4M24(T) (95.78%). The major fatty acids were summed feature 3 (iso-C15:0 2-OH and/or C16:1ω7c), iso-C15:0 and iso-C17:0 3-OH, and the DNA G+C content was 43.8 mol%. The predominant respiratory quinone was MK-7. Based on its phenotypic and chemotaxonomic characteristics and phylogenetic data, strain S37(T) represents a novel species of the genus Sphingobacterium, for which the name Sphingobacterium paludis sp. nov. (type strain S37(T) = CGMCC 1.12801(T) = NBRC 110386(T)) is proposed.

  10. Hymenobacter yonginensis sp. nov., isolated from a mesotrophic artificial lake.

    PubMed

    Joung, Yochan; Cho, Sung-Heun; Kim, Haneul; Kim, Seung Bum; Joh, Kiseong

    2011-07-01

    A non-motile, red-pigmented bacterium, designated strain HMD1010(T), was isolated from an artificial lake located within the campus of Hankuk University of Foreign Studies, Yongin, Korea. A phylogenetic tree based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain HMD1010(T) formed a lineage within the genus Hymenobacter and was closely related to the type strains of Hymenobacter rigui (96.7 % sequence similarity) and H. gelipurpurascens (95.6 %). The major fatty acids were C(16 : 1)ω5c (21.9 %), summed feature 3 (iso-C(15 : 0) 2-OH and/or C(16 : 1)ω7c; 17.2 %), iso-C(15 : 0) (14.5 %) and summed feature 4 (anteiso-C(17 : 1) B and/or iso-C(17 : 1) I; 11.9 %). The DNA G+C content was 60.4 mol%. On the basis of the evidence presented in this study, strain HMD1010(T) represents a novel species of the genus Hymenobacter, for which the name Hymenobacter yonginensis sp. nov. was proposed. The type strain is HMD1010(T) ( = KCTC 22745(T)  = CECT 7546(T)).

  11. Mucilaginibacter soyangensis sp. nov., isolated from a lake.

    PubMed

    Joung, Yochan; Kim, Haneul; Kang, Heeyoung; Lee, Beom-Il; Ahn, Tae-Seok; Joh, Kiseong

    2014-02-01

    A non-motile, yellow-orange-pigmented bacterial strain, designated HME6664(T), was isolated from Lake Soyang, Republic of Korea. The major fatty acids of strain HME6664(T) were summed feature 3 (comprising C16 : 1ω6c and/or C(16 : 1)ω7c; 44.7%) and iso-C15 : 0 (20.2%). The DNA G+C content was 40.8 mol%. A phylogenetic tree based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain HME6664(T) formed a lineage within the genus Mucilaginibacter. Strain HME6664(T) was closely related to Mucilaginibacter ximonensis (96.7%), Mucilaginibacter dorajii (96.5%) and Mucilaginibacter lappiensis (96.3%). On the basis of the evidence presented in this study, strain HME6664(T) represents a novel species of the genus Mucilaginibacter, for which the name Mucilaginibacter soyangensis sp. nov., is proposed. The type strain is HME6664(T) ( = KCTC 23261(T) = CECT 7824(T)).

  12. Pedobacter oryzae sp. nov., isolated from rice paddy soil.

    PubMed

    Jeon, Yeji; Kim, Jeong Myeong; Park, Jin Ho; Lee, Se Hee; Seong, Chi-Nam; Lee, Sang-Suk; Jeon, Che Ok

    2009-10-01

    A Gram-stain-negative, strictly aerobic bacterium, designated strain N7(T), was isolated from a rice paddy in South Korea. Cells of strain N7(T) were non-motile, non-spore-forming rods. Growth was observed at 15-35 degrees C (optimum of 25-30 degrees C) and between pH 6.0 and 8.0 (optimum of pH 6.5-7.5). The predominant isoprenoid quinone was menaquinone-7. The major cellular fatty acids of strain N7(T) were summed feature 3 (comprising C(16 : 1)omega7c and/or iso-C(15 : 0) 2-OH), iso-C(15 : 0), anteiso-C(15 : 0), C(15 : 0) and iso-C(16 : 0). The G+C content of the genomic DNA was 37.7 mol%. Comparative 16S rRNA gene sequence analyses showed that strain N7(T) formed a distinct phyletic line within the genus Pedobacter. Phylogenetic distances from strains of other Pedobacter species with validly published names were greater than 5.0 % (i.e. <95.0 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities). On the basis of phenotypic and molecular data, it is clear that strain N7(T) represents a novel species within the genus Pedobacter, for which the name Pedobacter oryzae sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is N7(T) (=KACC 12821(T) =DSM 19973(T)).

  13. Bacillus lehensis sp. nov., an alkalitolerant bacterium isolated from soil.

    PubMed

    Ghosh, A; Bhardwaj, M; Satyanarayana, T; Khurana, M; Mayilraj, S; Jain, R K

    2007-02-01

    A Gram-positive, endospore-forming, alkalitolerant bacterial strain, designated MLB2T, was isolated from soil from Leh, India, and was subjected to a polyphasic taxonomic study. The strain exhibited phenotypic properties that included chemotaxonomic characteristics consistent with its classification in the genus Bacillus. Growth was observed at pH 7.0-11.0, but not at pH 6.0. The DNA G+C content was 41.4 mol%. The highest level of 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity was with Bacillus oshimensis JCM 12663T (98.8 %). However, DNA-DNA hybridization experiments indicated low levels of genomic relatedness with the type strains of B. oshimensis (62 %), Bacillus patagoniensis (55 %), Bacillus clausii (51 %) and Bacillus gibsonii (34 %), the species with which strain MLB2T formed a coherent cluster (based on the results of the phylogenetic analysis). On the basis of the phenotypic characteristics and genotypic distinctiveness of strain MLB2T, it should be classified within a novel species of Bacillus, for which the name Bacillus lehensis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is MLB2T (=MTCC 7633T=JCM 13820T).

  14. Dyadobacter arcticus sp. nov., isolated from Arctic soil.

    PubMed

    Chen, Lu; Jiang, Fan; Xiao, Mengchen; Dai, Jun; Kan, Wenjing; Fang, Chengxiang; Peng, Fang

    2013-05-01

    A psychrotolerant, Gram-negative, rod-shaped, yellow-pigmented bacterium, designated strain R-S7-29(T), was isolated from a soil sample collected from the Svalbard Archipelago in Norway (78° N). Cells were non-motile, aerobic, and catalase- and oxidase-positive. Growth occurred at 4-28 °C (optimum, 18 °C). A phylogenetic tree based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain R-S7-29(T) belongs to the genus Dyadobacter (family 'Flexibacteraceae') with sequence similarity to related members of the genus ranging from 95.2 to 96.7 %. The major fatty acids were C16 : 1ω5c, iso-C17 : 0 3-OH and summed feature 3 (C16 : 1ω7c and/or C16 : 1ω6c) and the predominant respiratory quinone was MK-7. The DNA G+C content of strain R-S7-29(T) was 50 mol%. On the basis of its phenotypic, phylogenetic and chemotaxonomic properties, strain R-S7-29(T) represents a novel species of the genus Dyadobacter, for which the name Dyadobacter arcticus sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is R-S7-29(T) ( = CCTCC AB 2011022(T) = NRRL B-59659(T)).

  15. Belliella buryatensis sp. nov., isolated from alkaline lake water.

    PubMed

    Kozyreva, Lyudmila; Egorova, Darya; Anan'ina, Lyudmila; Plotnikova, Elena; Ariskina, Elena; Prisyazhnaya, Natalya; Radnaeva, Larisa; Namsaraev, Bair

    2016-01-01

    Two bacterial isolates from water of the alkaline brackish Lake Solenoe (Buryatia, Russia), 2C and 5CT, were characterized by using a polyphasic taxonomic approach. The strains were small, non-motile, Gram-stain-negative rods that formed small orange-red colonies on the surface of marine agar. Studies based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that the strains were related closely to Belliella pelovolcani CC-SAL-25T (98.7 % sequence similarity). The G+C content of the DNA was 38-40 mol%. DNA-DNA hybridization values between strains 2C and 5CT and B. pelovolcani CC-SAL-25T were 56-58 mol%. A menaquinone with seven isoprene units (MK-7) was the major respiratory quinone. The fatty acid profiles were slightly different from that of B. pelovolcani CC-SAL-25T. The novel strains could be distinguished from the phylogenetically closest species B. pelovolcani CC-SAL-25T based on matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectra of whole cells and a range of physiological and biochemical characteristics. The data obtained suggest that strains 2C and 5CT represent a novel species of the genus Belliella, for which the name Belliella buryatensis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is 5CT ( = VKM B-2724T = KCTC 32194T).

  16. Arenimonas maotaiensis sp. nov., isolated from fresh water.

    PubMed

    Yuan, Xin; Nogi, Yuichi; Tan, Xu; Zhang, Ren-Gang; Lv, Jie

    2014-12-01

    A translucent, white, Gram-reaction-negative, facultatively anaerobic, non-flagellated, slightly curved or curved bacterial strain, designated YT8(T), was isolated from the fresh water of the Maotai section of Chishui River, China. Cells were catalase-positive and oxidase-positive. Phylogenetic analyses of 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain YT8(T) is a member of the genus Arenimonas with similarity to other members of this genus ranging from 93.7 to 95.0 %. The major isoprenoid quinone was ubiquinone 8 (Q-8), major polar lipids were phosphatidylethanolamine, one unidentified aminolipid, two unidentified phospholipids and two unidentified polar lipids, while major fatty acids were iso-C15 : 0, iso-C14 : 0 and anteiso-C15 : 0. The DNA G+C content of strain YT8(T) was 66.6 mol%. On the basis of phenotypic, phylogenetic and genotypic features studied, strain YT8(T) is suggested to represent a novel species of the genus Arenimonas, for which the name Arenimonas maotaiensis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is YT8(T) ( = CGMCC 1.12726(T) = JCM 19710(T)).

  17. Mucilaginibacter aquaedulcis sp. nov., isolated from fresh water.

    PubMed

    Joung, Yochan; Kang, Heeyoung; Lee, Beom-Il; Kim, Haneul; Joh, Kiseong; Kim, Kyu-Joong

    2015-02-01

    An aerobic, Gram-stain-negative, rod-shaped bacterium, designated strain PGW1-R01(T), was isolated from fresh water from the Yeongju in the Republic of Korea. The strain grew optimally at 30 °C and at pH 6-8 on R2A agar. The major cellular fatty acids were summed feature 3 [comprising C16 : 1ω7c and/or C16 : 1ω6c (50.2 %) and iso-C15 : 0 (24.8 %)]. The major respiratory quinone was MK-7. The G+C contents were 39.4 mol% and the predominant respiratory quinone was MK-7. Based on 16S rRNA gene phylogeny, the strain belongs to the genus Mucilaginibacter. The strain PGW1-R01(T) was closely related to 'Mucilaginibacter ginsenosidivorax' (96.6 % sequence similarity), Mucilaginibacter lappiensis (96.4 %) and Mucilaginibacter flavus (96.4 %). On the basis of the evidence presented in this study, strain PGW1-R01(T) represents a novel species of the genus Mucilaginibacter, for which the name Mucilaginibacter http://dx.doi.org/10.1601/nm.11437aquaedulcis sp. nov., is proposed. The type strain is PGW1-R01(T)( = KCTC 23942(T) = CECT 8102(T)).

  18. Roseomonas riguiloci sp. nov., isolated from wetland freshwater.

    PubMed

    Baik, Keun Sik; Park, Seong Chan; Choe, Han Na; Kim, Se Na; Moon, Jae-Hak; Seong, Chi Nam

    2012-12-01

    A non-motile, coccobacillus-shaped and pink pigmented bacterium, designated strain 03SU10-P(T), was isolated from wetland freshwater (Woopo wetland, Republic of Korea). Cells were Gram reaction-negative and catalase- and oxidase-positive. The major fatty acids (>10% of total) were C(18:1)ω7c and summed feature 3 (iso-C(15:0) 2-OH and/or C(16:1)ω7c). The predominant respiratory lipoquinone was Q-10. The DNA G+C content was 68 mol%. The major polar lipids were phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylcholine and an unknown aminolipid. Spermidine, putrescine and 1,3-diaminopropane were the major polyamines. A phylogenetic tree based on 16S rRNA gene sequence comparisons showed that strain 03SU10-P(T) formed an evolutionary lineage within the radiation enclosing the members of the genus Roseomonas. The nearest neighbour to the novel strain was Roseomonas stagni HS-69(T) (96.3% gene sequence similarity). The evidence provided by the polyphasic taxonomic approach used in this study indicated that strain 03SU10-P(T) could not be assigned to any recognized species; therefore a novel species is proposed, Roseomonas riguiloci sp. nov., with 03SU10-P(T) ( = KCTC 23339(T) = JCM 17520(T)) as the type strain.

  19. Paenibacillus aurantiacus sp. nov., isolated from ant nest soil.

    PubMed

    Wasoontharawat, Metinee; Phongsopitanun, Wongsakorn; Siriudom, Sakutala; Tanasupawat, Somboon

    2017-09-01

    A Gram-stain-positive, rod-shaped and endospore-forming bacterium, strain RC11T, isolated from ant nest soil collected from Udon Thani Province, Thailand was characterized in a taxonomic study based on a polyphasic approach. On the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, strain RC11T was affiliated to the genus Paenibacillus and was closely related to Paenibacillus phyllosphaerae LMG 22192T with 98.1 % sequence similarity. Strain RC11T contained meso-diaminopimelic in the cell-wall peptidoglycan. The major menaquinone was MK-7. Anteiso-C15 : 0, iso-C16 : 0, anteiso-C17 : 0 and C16 : 0 were the predominant cellular fatty acids. Diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine and phosphatidylglycerol were the major polar lipids. The DNA G+C content was 57.9 mol%. In addition, strain RC11T and P. phyllosphaerae LMG 22192T showed a low level of DNA-DNA relatedness (15.6-33.2 %). Therefore, strain RC11T represents a novel species of the genus Paenibacillus, for which the name Paenibacillus aurantiacus sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is RC11T (=KCTC 33816T=LMG 29659T=TISTR 2452T).

  20. Hymenobacter glacieicola sp. nov., isolated from glacier ice.

    PubMed

    Liu, Keshao; Liu, Yongqin; Wang, Ninglian; Gu, Zhengquan; Shen, Liang; Xu, Baiqing; Zhou, Yuguang; Liu, Hongcan; Jiao, Nianzhi

    2016-10-01

    A Gram-stain-negative, rod-shaped, non-motile and red-pink-pigmented bacterial strain, designated B1909T, was isolated from an ice core drilled from Muztagh Glacier on the Tibetan Plateau, China. A phylogenetic tree based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain B1909T formed a lineage within the genus Hymenobacter and was closely related to Hymenobacter xinjiangensis X2-1gT (96.16 % similarity) and Hymenobacter psychrotolerans Tibet-IIU11T (95.99 %). The predominant fatty acids were iso-C15 : 0, summed feature 3 (C16 : 1ω7c/C16 : 1ω6c), summed feature 4 (iso-C17 : 1ω6c I/anteiso B), C16 : 1ω5c, anteiso-C15 : 0 and iso-C17 : 0 3-OH. The major menaquinone was MK-7. The major polar lipid was phosphatidylethanolamine. The DNA G+C content was 59 mol%. On the basis of the phenotypic, phylogenetic and chemotaxonomic data presented, strain B1909T is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Hymenobacter, for which the name Hymenobacterglacieicola sp. nov. is proposed; the type strain is B1909T (=JCM 30596T=CGMCC 1.12990T).

  1. Mucilaginibacter myungsuensis sp. nov., isolated from a mesotrophic artificial lake.

    PubMed

    Joung, Yochan; Joh, Kiseong

    2011-07-01

    A non-motile, pale-yellow bacterium, designated strain HMD1056(T), was isolated from an artificial lake located within the campus of Hankuk University of Foreign Studies, Yongin, Korea. The major fatty acids were summed feature 3 (iso-C(15 : 0) 2-OH and/or C(16 : 1)ω7c; 49.1 %) and iso-C(15 : 0) (22.4 %). The major respiratory quinone was MK-7. The DNA G+C content was 46.9 mol%. A phylogenetic tree based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain HMD1056(T) formed a lineage within the genus Mucilaginibacter and was closely related to the type strains of Mucilaginibacter ximonensis (95.4 % sequence similarity), Mucilaginibacter kameinonensis (94.5 %) and Mucilaginibacter paludis (93.4 %). On the basis of the evidence presented in this study, strain HMD1056(T) represents a novel species of the genus Mucilaginibacter, for which the name Mucilaginibacter myungsuensis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is HMD1056(T) ( = KCTC 22746(T)  = CECT 7550(T)).

  2. Thioclava arenosa sp. nov., isolated from sea sand.

    PubMed

    Thongphrom, Chutimon; Kim, Jong-Hwa; Bora, Nagamani; Kim, Wonyong

    2017-06-01

    A Gram-staining-negative, non-spore-forming, non-motile, rod-shaped, facultatively anaerobe bacterial strain, designated CAU 1312T, was isolated from sea sand of Eurwangri beach, South Korea. The strain's taxonomic position was investigated using a polyphasic approach. CAU 1312T grew at temperatures from 20 to 40 °C, in the range of pH 6.0-9.0 and at salinities from 1-4 % (w/v). The results of phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence revealed that CAU 1312T represented a member of the genus Thioclava and was most closely related to Thioclava atlantica 13D2W-2T (similarity 96.53 %). The strain contained Q-10 as the predominant menaquinone and summed feature 8 (C18 : 1ω7c/ω6c) as the major fatty acid. The polar lipids of CAU 1312T consisted of phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, two aminophospholipids, a phosphoglycolipid, and two unidentified phospholipids. The DNA G+C content was 64.7 mol%. On the basis of phenotypic and chemotaxonomic properties and phylogenetic inference, CAU 1312T is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Thioclava, for which the name Thioclava arenosa sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is CAU 1312T(=KCTC 52190T=NBRC 111989T).

  3. Thalassotalea litorea sp. nov., isolated from seashore sand.

    PubMed

    Kang, Heeyoung; Kim, Haneul; Nam, In-Young; Joung, Yochan; Jang, Tae Yong; Joh, Kiseong

    2017-07-01

    A novel Gram-stain-negative, aerobic and rod-shaped marine bacterium, designated strain HMF4135T, was isolated from a sand sample which was collected from the seashore of the South Sea, Republic of Korea. It required NaCl for growth and exhibited optimal growth at 30 °C, with 2 % (w/v) NaCl and at pH 7-8. Cellular fatty acids were dominated by C16 : 0, summed feature 3 (C16 : 1ω7c and/or C16 : 1ω6c), C16 : 1ω9c and C12 : 0 3-OH. The predominant isoprenoid quinone was ubiquinone-8 (Q-8). Polar lipids consisted of phosphatidylglycerol and phosphatidylethanolamine. The DNA G+C content was 41.9 mol%. Phylogeny based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain HMF4135T formed a distinct species-level lineage within the genus Thalassotalea of the class Gammaproteobacteria and was most closely related to Thalassotalea ponticola GJSW-36T (96.4 % similarity). Based on the distinctive phenotypic characteristics and phylogenetic analysis, it is concluded that strain HMF4135T represents a novel species of the genus Thalassotalea, for which the name Thalassotalea litorea sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is HMF4135T (=KCTC 52154T=NBRC 112672T).

  4. Citrobacter portucalensis sp. nov., isolated from an aquatic sample.

    PubMed

    Ribeiro, Teresa Gonçalves; Gonçalves, Bruno Ribeiro; da Silva, Mickael Santos; Novais, Ângela; Machado, Elisabete; Carriço, João André; Peixe, Luísa

    2017-09-01

    A Gram-stain-negative strain, A60T, isolated from a water well sample in Portugal, was characterized phenotypically, genotypically and phylogenetically. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain A60T belonged to the genus Citrobacter, and recN gene phylogeny revealed one strongly supported clade encompassing strain A60T and 13 other strains from public databases, distinct from currently recognized species of the genus Citrobacter. Furthermore, multilocus sequence analysis (MLSA) based on concatenated partial fusA, leuS, pyrG and rpoB sequences confirmed the classification obtained with the recN sequence. In silico genomic comparisons, including average nucleotide identity (ANI) and the genome-to-genome distance calculator (GGDC), showed 94.6 % and 58.4 % identity to the closest relative Citrobacter freundii ATCC 8090T, respectively. The ability to metabolize different compounds further discriminated strain A60T from other species of the genus Citrobacter. The G+C content of strain A60T is 52.0 %. The results obtained support the description of a novel species within the genus Citrobacter, for which the name Citrobacter portucalensis sp. nov. is proposed, with the type strain A60T (=DSM 104542T=CECT 9236T).

  5. Chryseobacterium taichungense sp. nov., isolated from contaminated soil.

    PubMed

    Shen, Fo-Ting; Kämpfer, Peter; Young, Chiu-Chung; Lai, Wei-An; Arun, A B

    2005-05-01

    A bacterial strain (CC-TWGS1-8(T)) isolated from a tar-contaminated soil in Taiwan was studied in a detailed taxonomic study. The cells were Gram-negative, rod-shaped and non-spore-forming. Phylogenetic analyses using the 16S rRNA gene sequence of the strain clearly revealed an affiliation to the genus Chryseobacterium, the highest sequence similarities being to the type strain of Chryseobacterium indologenes (96.8 %), to Chryseobacterium gleum (96.8 %) and to Chryseobacterium joostei (96.4 %). The 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities to all other Chryseobacterium species were below 96 %. The major whole-cell fatty acids were 15 : 0 iso (35.4 %) and 17 : 0 iso 3OH (22.5 %). DNA-DNA hybridization values and the biochemical and chemotaxonomic properties demonstrate that strain CC-TWGS1-8(T) represents a novel species, for which the name Chryseobacterium taichungense sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is CC-TWGS1-8(T) (= CCUG 50001(T) = CIP 108519(T)).

  6. Streptomyces hyaluromycini sp. nov., isolated from a tunicate (Molgula manhattensis).

    PubMed

    Harunari, Enjuro; Hamada, Moriyuki; Shibata, Chiyo; Tamura, Tomohiko; Komaki, Hisayuki; Imada, Chiaki; Igarashi, Yasuhiro

    2016-03-01

    A novel Gram-stain-positive actinomycete, designated MB-PO13(T), was isolated from a tunicate (Molgula manhattensis) collected in Tokyo Bay, Japan, and its taxonomic position was studied by a polyphasic approach. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequence comparisons revealed that strain MB-PO13(T) was closely related to Streptomyces graminisoli JR-12(T) (99.72% 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity) and Streptomyces shenzhenensis 172115(T) (99.23%). The strain contained LL-diaminopimelic acid in the whole-cell hydrolysate. The predominant menaquinones were MK-9(H8) and MK-9(H6) and the major fatty acids were anteiso-C15:0, iso-C16:0, iso-C14:0 and C16:0. These data supported the affiliation of the novel strain to the genus Streptomyces. Meanwhile, results of DNA-DNA hybridization and physiological and biochemical tests indicated that strain MB-PO13(T) was distinguished from known Streptomyces type strains. Therefore, strain MB-PO13(T) represents a novel species of the genus Streptomyces for which the name Streptomyces hyaluromycini sp. nov. is proposed; the type strain is MB-PO13(T) (=NBRC 110483(T) =DSM 100105(T)).

  7. Streptomyces solisilvae sp. nov., isolated from tropical forest soil.

    PubMed

    Zhou, Shuangqing; Yang, Xiaobo; Huang, Dongyi; Huang, Xiaolong

    2017-09-01

    A novel streptomycete (strain HNM0141T) was isolated from tropical forest soil collected from Bawangling mountain of Hainan island, PR China and its taxonomic position was established in a polyphasic study. The organism had chemical and morphological properties consistent with its classification as a member of the Streptomyces violaceusnigerclade. On the basis of the results of 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, HNM0141T showed highest similarity to Streptomyces malaysiensisCGMCC4.1900T (99.4 %), Streptomyces samsunensis DSM 42010T (98.9 %), Streptomyces yatensis NBRC 101000T (98.3 %), Streptomyces rhizosphaericus NBRC 100778T (98.0 %) and Streptomyces sporoclivatus NBRC 100767T (97.9 %). The strain formed a well-delineated subclade with S. malaysiensis CGMCC4.1900T and S. samsunensis DSM 42010T. The levels of DNA-DNA relatedness between HNM0141T and S. malaysiensis CGMCC4.1900T and S. samsunensis DSM 42010T were 62 and 44 %, respectively. On the basis of phenotypic and genotypic characteristics, HNM0141T represents a novel species in the S. violaceusnigerclade for which the name Streptomyces solisilvae sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is HNM0141 T (=CCTCC AA 2016045T=KCTC 39905T).

  8. Streptomyces litoralis sp. nov., isolated from a salt water beach.

    PubMed

    Ma, Guo-Quan; Xia, Zhan-Feng; Zhang, Yao; Wan, Chuan-Xing; Luo, Xiao-Xia; Zhang, Li-Li

    2016-12-01

    A novel actinomycete strain, designated TRM 46515T, was isolated from a salt water beach at Awat, Xinjiang, Northwest China, and characterized using polyphasic taxonomy. Comparison of 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain TRM 46515T is a member of the genus Streptomyces, exhibiting highest similarity with Streptomyces qinglanensis 172205T (98.32 %). However, DNA-DNA relatedness and phenotypic data readily distinguished strain TRM 46515T from phylogenetically related type strains. The G+C content of the DNA was 70.40 mol%. Whole-cell hydrolysates of strain TRM 46515T were found to contain ll-diaminopimelic acid as the diagnostic diamino acid and ribose was the major whole-cell sugar. The major fatty acids identified were anteiso-C17 : 0, anteiso-C15 : 0, iso-C15 : 0, iso-C16 : 0 and iso-C17 : 0. The main menaquinone was MK-9(H8) and the polar lipids were identified as diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidyl ethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylinositol and one unknown glycolipid. On the basis of these phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic data, strain TRM 46515T should be designated as a representative of a novel species of the genus Streptomyces, for which the name Streptomyces litoralis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is TRM 46515T (=CCTCC AA 2015040T=KCTC 39729T).

  9. Bioleaching of manganese by Aspergillus sp. isolated from mining deposits.

    PubMed

    Mohanty, Sansuta; Ghosh, Shreya; Nayak, Sanghamitra; Das, Alok Prasad

    2017-04-01

    A comprehensive study on fungus assisted bioleaching of manganese (Mn) was carried out to demonstrate Mn solubilization of collected low grade ore from mining deposits of Sanindipur, Odisha, India. A native fungal strain MSF 5 was isolated and identified as Aspergillus sp. by Inter Transcribed Spacer (ITS) sequencing. The identified strain revealed an elevated tolerance ability to Mn under varying optimizing conditions like initial pH (2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7), carbon sources (dextrose, sucrose, fructose and glucose) and pulp density (2%, 3%, 4%, 5% and 6%). Bioleaching studies carried out under optimized conditions of 2% pulp density of Mn ore at pH 6, temperature 37 °C and carbon dosage (dextrose) resulted with 79% Mn recovery from the ore sample within 20 days. SEM-EDX characterization of the ore sample and leach residue was carried out and the micrographs demonstrated porous and coagulated precipitates scattered across the matrix. The corresponding approach of FTIR analysis regulating the Mn oxide formation shows a distinctive peak of mycelium cells with and without treated Mn, resulting with generalized vibrations like MnOx stretching and CH2 stretch. Thus, our investigation endeavors' the considerate possible mechanism involved in fungal surface cells onto Mn ore illustrating an alteration in cellular Mn interaction.

  10. Tumebacillus algifaecis sp. nov., isolated from decomposing algal scum.

    PubMed

    Wu, Yu-Fan; Zhang, Bo; Xing, Peng; Wu, Qing-Long; Liu, Shuang-Jiang

    2015-07-01

    Bacterial strain THMBR28(T) was isolated from decomposing algal scum that was collected during an algal bloom in Taihu lake, China. Cells of strain THMBR28(T) were Gram-staining-positive, facultatively anaerobic and rod-shaped. Growth was observed at 20-45 °C (optimum, 30 °C), at pH 5.0-9.5 (optimum, pH 6.5-7.5), and in the presence of 0-1.0% (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 0.5%). Strain THMBR28(T) contained MK-7 as the major menaquinone and iso-C15 : 0 as the major cellular fatty acid. The polar lipid profile contained phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylmonomethylethanolamine, phosphatidylethanolamine and six unidentified polar lipids. The diamino acid found in the cell-wall peptidoglycan was meso-diaminopimelic acid. The DNA G+C content was 57.6 mol% (Tm). Phylogenetic analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain THMBR28(T) belonged to the genus Tumebacillus, most closely related to Tumebacillus ginsengisoli DSM 18389(T) (95.0%) and Tumebacillus permanentifrigoris Eur1 9.5(T) (93.4%). Based on phylogenetic and phenotypic characterization, it is concluded that strain THMBR28(T) represents a novel species of the genus Tumebacillus, for which the name Tumebacillus algifaecis sp. nov. is proposed, with THMBR28(T) ( = CGMCC 1.10949(T) = NBRC 108765(T)) as the type strain.

  11. Actinomyces gaoshouyii sp. nov., isolated from plateau pika (Ochotona curzoniae).

    PubMed

    Meng, Xiangli; Wang, Yiting; Lu, Shan; Lai, Xin-He; Jin, Dong; Yang, Jing; Xu, Jianguo

    2017-09-01

    Two strains (pika_113T and pika_114) of a previously undescribed Actinomyces-like bacterium were recovered from the intestinal contents of plateau pika (Ochotona curzoniae) on the Tibet-Qinghai Plateau, China. Results from biochemical characterization indicated that the two strains were phenotypically homogeneous and distinct from other previously described species of the genus Actinomyces. Based on the comparison of 16S rRNA gene sequences and genome analysis, the bacteria were determined to be a hitherto unknown subline within the genus Actinomyces, being most closely related to type strains of Actinomyces denticolens and Actinomyces timonensis with a respective 97.2 and 97.1 % similarity in their 16S rRNA gene sequences. Phylogenetic analyses confirmed that pika_113T was well separated from any other recognized species of the genus Actinomyces and within the cluster with A. denticolens and A. timonensis. The genome of strain pika_113T displayed less than 42 % relatedness in DNA-DNA hybridization with all the available genomes of existing species of the genus Actinomyces in the NCBI database. Collectively, based on the phenotypic characteristics and phylogenetic analyses results, we propose the novel isolates as representatives of Actinomyces gaoshouyii sp. nov. The type strain of Actinomyces gaoshouyii is pika_113T (=CGMCC 4.7372T=DSM 104049T), with a genomic DNA G+C content of 71 mol%.

  12. Flavobacterium anhuiense sp. nov., isolated from field soil.

    PubMed

    Liu, Huan; Liu, Rui; Yang, Shou-Yun; Gao, Wei-Kai; Zhang, Chong-Xing; Zhang, Ke-Yun; Lai, Ren

    2008-04-01

    A novel strain, D3T, isolated from a field-soil sample obtained from Anhui Province, PR China, was characterized taxonomically by using a polyphasic approach. The cells were Gram-negative, yellow-pigmented rods devoid of flagella, but showing gliding motility. The organism was able to grow at 5-37 degrees C and at pH 4.0-10.0. A comparative 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis indicated that strain D3T is a member of the genus Flavobacterium, sharing highest sequence similarity with the type strain of Flavobacterium defluvii (96.7 %). The major isoprenoid quinone was MK-6 and the predominant fatty acids were iso-C15 : 0, summed feature 3 (C16 : 1 omega 7c and/or iso-C15 : 0 2-OH) and C16 : 0. The DNA G+C content was 31.4 mol%. On the basis of phylogenetic and phenotypic data, strain D3T represents a novel species within the genus Flavobacterium, for which the name Flavobacterium anhuiense sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is D3T (=KCTC 22128T = CGMCC 1.6859T).

  13. Pseudonocardia nigra sp. nov., isolated from Atacama Desert rock.

    PubMed

    Trujillo, Martha E; Idris, Hamidah; Riesco, Raúl; Nouioui, Imen; Igual, José M; Bull, Alan T; Goodfellow, Michael

    2017-08-01

    Eleven actinobacterial strains were isolated from a rock sample collected in the Atacama Desert. Molecular typing by BOX-PCR divided the strains into three clusters and showed that, although very similar, they were not clones. Three strains, ATK01, ATK03T and ATK17, each representing one of the defined BOX clusters, were chosen for further characterization. Phylogenetic analysis indicated that the strains were related to the genus Pseudonocardia and were recovered in a cluster together with Pseudonocardia bannensis YIM 63101T and Pseudonocardia xinjiangensis AS 4.1538T. Chemotaxonomic analyses confirmed their affiliation to the genus Pseudonocardia but differences were found between the new strains and their closest phylogenetic relatives. Physiological and fatty acid analyses also revealed differences between these strains and their phylogenetic neighbours supporting their status as a distinct species. Based on the overall data, it is proposed that strains ATK01, ATK03T and ATK17 represent a novel species of the genus Pseudonocardia for which the name Pseudonocardia nigra sp. nov. is proposed (type strain ATK03T=DSM 104088T=CECT 9183T).

  14. Providencia thailandensis sp. nov., isolated from seafood processing wastewater.

    PubMed

    Khunthongpan, Suwannee; Sumpavapol, Punnanee; Tanasupawat, Somboon; Benjakul, Soottawat; H-Kittikun, Aran

    2013-01-01

    The bacterial strain C1112(T) was isolated from seafood processing wastewater collected from a treatment pond of the seafood factory in Songkhla Province, Thailand. Phylogenetic analysis based on concatenated sequences from the 16S rRNA gene and five housekeeping genes, fusA, lepA, leuS, gyrB and ileS respectively showed that the strain C1112(T) belonged to the genus Providencia, and share 91.75% similarity with P. stuartii DSM 4539(T). DNA-DNA hybridization between the strain C1112(T) and P. stuartii KCTC 2568(T) was 48.1% relatedness. Moreover, some results from biochemical properties indicated that the strain C1112(T) was distinguished from the phylogenetically closest relatives. The major fatty acids of the strain C1112(T) were C16:0, iso-C15:0, C14:0 and C17:0 cyclo and the DNA G+C content was 41 mol%. Based on the genotypic and phenotypic considerations, it should be classified as a novel species of the genus Providencia for which the name Providencia thailandensis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is C1112(T) (= KCTC 23281(T) =NBRC 106720(T)).

  15. Nesterenkonia flava sp. nov., isolated from paper-mill effluent.

    PubMed

    Luo, Hui-Ying; Miao, Li-Hong; Fang, Chengxiang; Yang, Pei-Long; Wang, Ya-Ru; Shi, Peng-Jun; Yao, Bin; Fan, Yun-Liu

    2008-08-01

    A Gram-positive, non-motile, rod-shaped, non-spore-forming bacterium, designated CAAS 251T, was isolated from paper-mill effluent in Wuhan, China. The organism grew optimally at 40-42 degrees C and at pH 9.0-10.0. The major menaquinones were MK-7, MK-8 and MK-9. The predominant cellular fatty acids were anteiso-C15:0 (34.78 %), anteiso-C17:0 (25.24 %) and C16:0 (13.37 %). The G+C content of the genomic DNA was 65.5 mol%. A phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain CAAS 251T belongs to the genus Nesterenkonia, having sequence identities ranging from 96.0 to 97.0 % with respect to eight recognized species of the genus Nesterenkonia. Data from DNA-DNA hybridization and physiological and biochemical tests indicated that strain CAAS 251T represents a novel species of the genus Nesterenkonia, for which the name Nesterenkonia flava sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is CAAS 251T (=CCTCC AB 207010T=JCM 14814T).

  16. Arenimonas metalli sp. nov., isolated from an iron mine.

    PubMed

    Chen, Fang; Shi, Zunji; Wang, Gejiao

    2012-08-01

    A Gram-staining-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacterium (CF5-1(T)) was isolated from Hongshan Iron Mine, Daye City, Hubei province, China. The major cellular fatty acids (>10%) were iso-C(16:0), iso-C(15:0), C(16:1)ω7c alcohol and iso-C(17:1)ω9c. The major polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol and phosphatidylethanolamine. The major respiratory quinone was Q-8. The genomic DNA G+C content was 70.5 mol%. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain CF5-1(T) was most closely related to Arenimonas malthae (95.3% gene sequence similarity), Arenimonas oryziterrae (94.7%), Arenimonas donghaensis (94.6%) and Arenimonas composti (94.5%). A taxonomic study using a polyphasic approach showed that strain CF5-1(T) represents a novel species of the genus Arenimonas, for which the name Arenimonas metalli sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is CF5-1(T) ( = CGMCC 1.10787(T) = KCTC 23460(T) = CCTCC AB 2010449(T)).

  17. Saccharothrix ghardaiensis sp. nov., an actinobacterium isolated from Saharan soil.

    PubMed

    Bouznada, Khaoula; Bouras, Noureddine; Mokrane, Salim; Chaabane Chaouch, Fawzia; Zitouni, Abdelghani; Pötter, Gabriele; Spröer, Cathrin; Klenk, Hans-Peter; Sabaou, Nasserdine

    2017-03-01

    The taxonomic position of a new Saccharothrix strain, designated MB46(T), isolated from a Saharan soil sample collected in Mzab region (Ghardaïa province, South Algeria) was established following a polyphasic approach. The novel microorganism has morphological and chemical characteristics typical of the members of the genus Saccharothrix and formed a phyletic line at the periphery of the Saccharothrix espanaensis subcluster in the 16S rRNA gene dendrograms. Results of the 16S rRNA gene sequence comparisons revealed that strain MB46(T) shares high degrees of similarity with S. espanaensis DSM 44229(T) (99.2%), Saccharothrix variisporea DSM 43911(T) (98.7%) and Saccharothrix texasensis NRRL B-16134(T) (98.6%). However, the new strain exhibited only 12.5-17.5% DNA relatedness to the neighbouring Saccharothrix spp. On the basis of phenotypic characteristics, 16S rRNA gene sequence comparisons and DNA-DNA hybridizations, strain MB46(T) is concluded to represent a novel species of the genus Saccharothrix, for which the name Saccharothrix ghardaiensis sp. nov. (type strain MB46(T) = DSM 46886(T) = CECT 9046(T)) is proposed.

  18. Sphingomonas histidinilytica sp. nov., isolated from a hexachlorocyclohexane dump site.

    PubMed

    Nigam, Aeshna; Jit, Simran; Lal, Rup

    2010-05-01

    A Gram-negative, non-spore-forming, cream-coloured bacterial strain, UM2(T), was isolated from an open hexachlorocyclohexane (HCH) dump site at Ummari village in Lucknow, India. Data generated from a polyphasic approach including phenotypic, genotypic and chemotaxonomic analyses confirmed that strain UM2(T) belonged to the genus Sphingomonas. The highest similarity found to the 16S rRNA gene sequence of strain UM2(T) was 99.4 %, with Sphingomonas wittichii DSM 6014(T), whereas the DNA-DNA relatedness value between these strains was 31 %, indicating that they represent separate species. The DNA G+C content of UM2(T) was 66.9 mol%. The respiratory pigment ubiquinone Q-10 was present. The predominant fatty acids were summed feature 8 (C(18 : 1)omega6c and/or C(18 : 1)omega7c; 32.9 %), C(19 : 0) cyclo omega8c (15.5 %) and C(16 : 0) (12.1 %). The major polar lipids were phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylglycerol and phosphatidyldimethylethanolamine. sym-Homospermidine was the major polyamine observed. On the basis of the data reported, it was concluded that UM2(T) represents a novel species of the genus Sphingomonas, for which the name Sphingomonas histidinilytica sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is UM2(T) (=MTCC 9473(T) =CCM 7545(T)).

  19. Sphingobium czechense sp. nov., isolated from a hexachlorocyclohexane dump site.

    PubMed

    Niharika, Neha; Moskalikova, Hana; Kaur, Jasvinder; Khan, Fazlurrahman; Sedlackova, Miroslava; Hampl, Ales; Damborsky, Jiri; Prokop, Zbynek; Lal, Rup

    2013-02-01

    A yellow-pigmented bacterial strain, designated LL01(T), was isolated from hexachlorocyclohexane (HCH)-contaminated soil at Spolana Neratovice, a former Czech producer of lindane. A neighbour-joining tree based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain LL01(T) occupied a distinct phylogenetic position in the Sphingobium cluster, showing highest similarity to Sphingobium rhizovicinum CC-FH12-1(T) (98.5 %). The DNA G+C content of strain LL01(T) was 66.1 mol%. The predominant respiratory pigment was ubiquinone Q-10. The polar lipid profile of strain LL01(T) also corresponded to those reported for other Sphingobium species (phosphatidylethanolamine, diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylmonomethylethanolamine, phosphatidyldimethylethanolamine, sphingoglycolipids), supporting its identification as a member of the genus Sphingobium. Spermidine was the major polyamine observed. The results obtained from DNA-DNA hybridization and biochemical and physiological tests clearly distinguished strain LL01(T) from closely related species of the genus Sphingobium. Therefore, strain LL01(T) represents a novel species of the genus Sphingobium, for which the name Sphingobium czechense sp. nov. is proposed (type strain LL01(T) = CCM 7979(T) = DSM 25410(T)).

  20. Paludibacterium purpuratum sp. nov., isolated from wetland soil.

    PubMed

    Kang, Heeyoung; Kim, Haneul; Joung, Yochan; Kim, Kyu-Joong; Joh, Kiseong

    2016-04-26

    A novel bacterium, designated KJ031T, was isolated from a wetland soil sample taken from Jeju island, Republic of Korea. Cells were Gram-negative, curved rod shaped, oxidase- and catalase- positive, motile, and facultatively anaerobic. Growth was observed at pH 6.0-8.0 and at 20-37 °C on R2A agar. Comparative analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain KJ031T is a member of the genus Paludibacterium, sharing highest sequence similarities with Paludibacterium paludis KBP-21T (96.2 %) and P. yongneupense 5YN8-15T (96.0 %). The major fatty acids were summed feature 3 (C16:1 ω7c and/or C16:1 ω6c), C16:0 and summed feature 8 (C18:1 ω7c and/or C18:1 ω6c). The predominant respiratory quinone was Q-8. The major polar lipids of strain KJ031T were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, one unidentified aminophospholipid, two unidentified phospholipids and one unidentified polar lipid. The DNA G+C content was 59.2 mol%. On the basis of the evidence presented in this study, strain KJ031T represents a novel species of the genus Paludibacterium, for which the name Paludibacterium purpuratum sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is KJ031T (= KCTC 42852T = CECT 8976T).

  1. Hymenobacter rutilus sp. nov., isolated from marine sediment in Arctic.

    PubMed

    Kim, Myong Chol; Kim, Chol Myong; Kang, Ok Chol; Zhang, Yumin; Liu, Zuobing; Wangmu, Danzeng; Wei, Ziyan; Huang, Yao; Peng, Fang

    2016-11-21

    Strain K2-33028T, appeared brick-red colony on R2A plate, was isolated from marine sediment sample in Kings Bay, Svalbard Archipelago, Norway. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain K2-33028T belonged to the genus Hymenobacter. Cells were Gram-reaction-negative, non-spore-forming, aerobic, rod-shaped bacterium without motility. Growth occurred at 4-37℃ (optimum 28℃) and at pH 6.0-8.0 (optimum pH 7.0). Cells contained menaquinone-7, as the main respiratory quinone, and iso-C15:0, summed feature 3 (comprising C16:1 ω7c and/or C16:1 ω6c), C16:1 ω5c, summed feature 4 (comprising anteiso-C17:1 B and/or iso-C17:1 I) and anteiso-C15:0 as the major cellular fatty acids. Phosphatidylethanolamine was the predominant in the polar lipid profile. The DNA G+C content was 64.3 mol %. On the basis of phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic data, strain K2-33028T is considered to represent a novel species in the genus Hymenobacter, for which the name Hymenobacter rutilus sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is K2-33028T (=CCTCC AB 2016091T=KCTC 52447T).

  2. Kocuria salsicia sp. nov., isolated from salt-fermented seafood.

    PubMed

    Yun, Ji-Hyun; Roh, Seong Woon; Jung, Mi-Ja; Kim, Min-Soo; Park, Eun-Jin; Shin, Kee-Sun; Nam, Young-Do; Bae, Jin-Woo

    2011-02-01

    Strain 104(T) was isolated from a traditional salt-fermented seafood in Korea. It was a Gram-positive, non-motile, coccus-shaped bacterium. It formed lemon-yellow, opaque colonies that were circular with entire margins. Optimal growth occurred at 30-37 °C, pH 7-8 and in the presence of 0-2 % (w/v) NaCl. Phylogenetic analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequences from strain 104(T) and reference species of the genus Kocuria indicated that strain 104(T) formed an independent line. The G+C content of the chromosomal DNA was 60.6 mol%. MK-7 was the major menaquinone and the predominant fatty acids were anteiso-C(15 : 0) (76.7 %), anteiso-C(17 : 0) (10.9 %) and iso-C(16 : 0) (4.5 %). Strain 104(T) was most closely related to Kocuria rhizophila TA68(T) (98.9 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity). The DNA-DNA hybridization value between strain 104(T) and K. rhizophila TA68(T) was 14.1±3.4 %. On the basis of this polyphasic taxonomic analysis, strain 104(T) appears to represent a novel species in the genus Kocuria. The name Kocuria salsicia sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is 104(T) (=KACC 21128(T)=JCM 16361(T)).

  3. Kocuria atrinae sp. nov., isolated from traditional Korean fermented seafood.

    PubMed

    Park, Eun-Jin; Kim, Min-Soo; Roh, Seong Woon; Jung, Mi-Ja; Bae, Jin-Woo

    2010-04-01

    A novel actinobacterium, strain P30(T), was isolated from jeotgal, a traditional Korean fermented seafood. Cells were aerobic, Gram-positive, non-motile and coccoid. Optimal growth occurred at 30-37 degrees C, at pH 8-9 and in the presence of 0-2 % (w/v) NaCl. Based on 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, strain P30(T) was phylogenetically closely related to Kocuria carniphila, Kocuria gwangalliensis, Kocuria rhizophila, Kocuria marina, Kocuria rosea and K. varians with levels of similarity of 98.6, 98.2, 98.1, 97.4, 97.3 and 97.3 %, respectively, to the type strains of these species. Levels of DNA-DNA relatedness between strain P30(T) and the type strains of K. carniphila, K. rhizophila, K. marina, K. rosea and K. varians were 37, 43, 37, 25 and 17 %, respectively. The predominant menaquinone of strain P30(T) was MK-7. Major cellular fatty acids were anteiso-C(15 : 0), iso-C(15 : 0) and iso-C(16 : 0). The genomic DNA G+C content of strain P30(T) was 70.2 mol%. Based on these data, strain P30(T) is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Kocuria, for which the name Kocuria atrinae sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is P30(T) (=KCTC 19594(T)=JCM 15914(T)).

  4. Lactobacillus curtus sp. nov., isolated from beer in Finland.

    PubMed

    Asakawa, Yuki; Takesue, Nobuchika; Asano, Shizuka; Shimotsu, Satoshi; Iijima, Kazumaru; Suzuki, Koji; Motoyama, Yasuo; Aizawa, Masayuki

    2017-09-12

    A Gram-stain-positive, catalase-negative and short-rod-shaped organism, designated VTT E-94560, was isolated from beer in Finland and deposited in the VTT culture collection as a strain of Lactobacillus rossiae. However, the results of 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis showed that VTT E-94560 was only related to Lactobacillus rossiae JCM 16176T with 97.0 % sequence similarity, lower than the 98.7 % regarded as the boundary for the species differentiation. Additional phylogenetic studies on the pheS gene, rpoA gene and 16S-23S rRNA internally transcribed spacer region further reinforced the taxonomically independent status of VTT E-94560 and its related Lactobacillus species including L. rossiae and Lactobacillus siliginis. Strain VTT E-94560 also exhibited several differences in its carbohydrate fermentation profiles from those related Lactobacillus species. In addition, DNA-DNA relatedness between VTT E-94560 and these two type strains was 4 % (L. rossiae JCM 16176T) and 12 % (L. siliginins JCM 16155T), respectively, which were lower than the 70 % cut-off for general species delineation, indicating that these three strains are not taxonomically identical at the species level. These studies revealed that VTT E-94560 represents a novel species, for which the name Lactobacillus curtus sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is VTT E-94560T (=JCM 31185T).

  5. Catellatospora aurea sp. nov., a novel actinomycete isolated from soil.

    PubMed

    Liu, Chongxi; Zhao, Junwei; Guan, Xuejiao; Li, Lianjie; Li, Wenbin; Wang, Xiangjing; Xiang, Wensheng

    2014-12-01

    A novel actinomycete, designated strain NEAU-SH16(T) was isolated from a soil sample collected from the riverbank of Wusong river in Shanghai and characterized using a polyphasic approach. Morphological and chemotaxonomic properties of strain NEAU-SH16(T) were consistent with the description of the genus Catellatospora. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences demonstrated that strain NEAU-SH16(T) formed a distinct branch with the closest relatives Catellatospora coxensis DSM 44901(T) (99.2 %) and Catellatospora citrea DSM 44097(T) (99.0 %), an association that was supported by a bootstrap value of 78 % in the neighbour-joining tree and also recovered with the maximum-likelihood algorithm. However, the low level of DNA-DNA relatedness and some different physiological characteristics allowed the strain to be distinguished from its closest relatives. Thus, it is proposed that strain NEAU-SH16(T) represents a novel Catellatospora species. Catellatospora aurea sp. nov. The type strain of Catellatospora aurea is NEAU-SH16(T) (=CGMCC 4.7147(T) = DSM 46719(T)).

  6. Verrucosispora wenchangensis sp. nov., isolated from mangrove soil.

    PubMed

    Xie, Qing-yi; Lin, Hai-peng; Li, Lei; Brown, Roselyn; Goodfellow, Michael; Deng, Zixin; Hong, Kui

    2012-06-01

    An actinomycete strain 234402(T) was isolated from a mangrove soil sample collected in Wenchang, China. Phylogenetic analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequence of strain 234402(T) indicated that the highest similarity was to Verrucosispora sediminis MS426(T) (99.25%). The cell wall contained meso-diaminopimelic acid. The major menaquinones were MK-9(H(4)) and MK-9(H(6)), with MK-9(H(8)) as minor components. The characteristic whole-cell sugars were xylose, mannose and glucose. The phospholipid profile was found to comprise phosphatidylethanolamine, diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylinositol mannoside and an unknown phospholipid. The DNA G+C content was 69.2 mol%. The results of physiological and biochemical tests and low DNA-DNA relatedness demonstrated strain 234402(T) could be readily distinguished from the closely related Verrucosispora species. On the basis of these phenotypic and genotypic data, strain 234402(T) represents a novel species of the genus Verrucosispora, for which the name Verrucosispora wenchangensis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is 234402(T) (=CCTCC AA 2011018(T)=DSM 45674(T)).

  7. Actinoplanes abujensis sp. nov., isolated from Nigerian arid soil.

    PubMed

    Sazak, Anil; Sahin, Nevzat; Camas, Mustafa

    2012-04-01

    A novel actinobacterial strain, A4029T, isolated from arid soil of Abuja, Nigeria, and provisionally assigned to the genus Actinoplanes, was subjected to a polyphasic taxonomic study. 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity studies showed that strain A4029T belonged to the genus Actinoplanes, being most closely related to Actinoplanes brasiliensis DSM 43805T (98.9 %) and Actinoplanes deccanensis DSM 43806T (98.0 %); similarity to other type strains of the genus Actinoplanes ranged from 96.2 to 97.9 %. Chemotaxonomic data [major menaquinone MK-9(H4); major polar lipids phosphatidylethanolamine, diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol and phosphatidylinositol; characteristic sugars arabinose and xylose; major fatty acids iso-C15:0, anteiso-C15:0, iso-C16:0, C17:1ω9c and iso-C14:0] confirmed the affiliation of strain A4029T to the genus Actinoplanes. The results of DNA-DNA hybridizations and phylogenetic analysis, together with phenotypic and biochemical test data, allowed strain A4029T to be differentiated from strains of other Actinoplanes species. Therefore, strain A4029T represents a novel species, for which the name Actinoplanes abujensis sp. nov. is proposed, with A4029T (=DSM 45518T=NRRL B-24835T=KCTC 19984T) as the type strain.

  8. Cohnella lubricantis sp. nov., isolated from a coolant lubricant solution.

    PubMed

    Kämpfer, Peter; Glaeser, Stefanie P; Busse, Hans-Jürgen

    2017-02-01

    A Gram-stain-positive, aerobic, non-endospore-forming organism, isolated from a coolant lubricant solution was studied for its taxonomic position. On the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity comparisons, strain KSS-154-50T was grouped into the genus Cohnella, most closely related to Cohnella formosensisCC-ALFALFA-35T (97.3 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity), Cohnella rhizosphaerae CSE-5610T (97.1 %) and Cohnella nanjingensis D45T (97.0 %); the 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity to other species of the genus Cohnella was <97.0 %. The fatty acid profile from whole cell hydrolysates was very similar to those reported for other species of the genus Cohnella and supported the allocation to the genus Cohnella. In the fatty acid profiles, iso- and anteiso-branched fatty acids were found as major compounds. The quinone system consisted predominantly of menaquinone MK-7. The polar lipid profile contained the major lipids diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine and an unidentified phospholipid. The major polyamine is spermidine. The results of physiological and biochemical characterization allowed in addition a phenotypic differentiation of strain KSS-154-50T from the three most closely related species. Hence, strain KSS-154-50T represents a novel species of the genus Cohnella, for which the name Cohnella lubricantis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is KSS-154-50T (=LMG 29763T=CCM 8707T).

  9. Rochalimaea elizabethae sp. nov. isolated from a patient with endocarditis.

    PubMed Central

    Daly, J S; Worthington, M G; Brenner, D J; Moss, C W; Hollis, D G; Weyant, R S; Steigerwalt, A G; Weaver, R E; Daneshvar, M I; O'Connor, S P

    1993-01-01

    A Rochalimaea-like organism (strain F9251) was isolated from a patient with endocarditis after blood drawn for culture before antimicrobial therapy was subcultured onto blood and chocolate agars and incubated for 2 weeks in 5% CO2. The strain was phenotypically similar to known Rochalimaea species. The cellular fatty acid composition of strain F9251 was close to but distinct from those of the three known Rochalimaea species and was most similar to that of R. vinsonii. Labeled DNA from strain F9251 was 59 to 67% related to DNAs from type strains of the three described Rochalimaea species, and its 16S rRNA gene sequence was 98.9% or more homologous to their 16S rRNA gene sequences. These findings support classification of F9251 as a new Rochalimaea species, for which the name Rochalimaea elizabethae sp. nov. is proposed. The patient infected with the organism had large bacterial vegetations on his aortic valve and was cured with antibiotics and valve-replacement surgery. Recognition of the procedures required to identify this and other Rochalimaea species suggests that clinical laboratories should prolong the incubation times of cultures of blood and tissue from patients with suspected endocarditis, patients with fever of unknown origin, and immunocompromised patients with fever so that the full spectrum of disease caused by these organisms can be recognized. Images PMID:7681847

  10. Variovorax soli sp. nov., isolated from greenhouse soil.

    PubMed

    Kim, Byung-Yong; Weon, Hang-Yeon; Yoo, Seung-Hee; Lee, Seon-Young; Kwon, Soon-Wo; Go, Seung-Joo; Stackebrandt, Erko

    2006-12-01

    A Gram-negative, rod-shaped, non-spore-forming bacterium, strain GH9-3(T), isolated from greenhouse soil, was investigated in a polyphasic study. The novel organism grew at 10-35 degrees C, 0-3 % NaCl and pH 5-9. It had ubiquinone 8 (Q-8) as the predominant isoprenoid quinone and possessed C(16 : 0), summed feature 3, C(17 : 0) cyclo and C(18 : 1) omega7c as the major fatty acids (together representing 87.4 % of the total). The DNA G+C content was 67.1 mol%. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis of strain GH9-3(T) showed that it grouped within the Variovorax cluster, with highest sequence similarities to Variovorax paradoxus IAM 12373(T) (98.3 %) and Variovorax dokdonensis DS-43(T) (98.0 %). DNA-DNA hybridization values between strain GH9-3(T) and V. paradoxus DSM 30034(T) and V. dokdonensis DS-43(T) were 38 and 29 %, respectively. Based on phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic features, it is proposed that strain GH9-3(T) represents a novel species of the genus Variovorax with the name Variovorax soli sp. nov. The type strain is GH9-3(T) (=KACC 11579(T)=DSM 18216(T)).

  11. Arcticibacter pallidicorallinus sp. nov. isolated from glacier ice.

    PubMed

    Liu, Qing; Kim, Song-gun; Liu, Hong-can; Xin, Yu-hua; Zhou, Yu-guang

    2014-07-01

    A Gram-stain-negative, rod-shaped bacterium (strain Hh36(T)) was isolated from the No. 1 glacier in Xinjiang, north-west China. Colonies of strain Hh36(T) were pink, convex and round on PYG medium plates. Strain Hh36(T) was able to grow at 4-30 °C and pH 6.0-8.0. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain Hh36(T) was related to members of the genus Arcticibacter. The major cellular fatty acids of the novel strain were iso-C15 : 0, summed feature 3 (C16 : 1ω6c and/or C16 : 1ω7c) and iso-C17 : 0 3-OH. The G+C content of the genomic DNA was 44.0 mol%. On the basis of phenotypic characteristics and phylogenetic analysis, strain Hh36(T) is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Arcticibacter, for which the name Arcticibacter pallidicorallinus sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is Hh36(T) ( = CGMCC 1.9313(T)  = KCTC 32542(T)). © 2014 Institute of Microbiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences.

  12. Alicyclobacillus fodiniaquatilis sp. nov., isolated from acid mine water.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Bo; Wu, Yu-Fan; Song, Jin-Long; Huang, Zhong-Sheng; Wang, Bao-Jun; Liu, Shuang-Jiang; Jiang, Cheng-Ying

    2015-12-01

    Two novel, Gram-stain-variable, moderately thermophilic, acidophilic, rod-shaped, endospore-forming bacteria, G45-16T and G45-17, were isolated from acid mine water of Zijin copper mine in Fujian Province, China. Phylogenetic analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that they were closely related to Alicyclobacillus acidoterrestris ATCC 49025T with sequence similarities of 96.8 %. Cells grew aerobically at 20-45 °C (optimum, 40 °C), at pH 2.5-5.5(optimum, pH 3.5) and in the presence of 0-4.0 % (w/v) NaCl. Strains contained MK-7 as the major menaquinone and the major cellular fatty acids were ω-cyclohexane C19 : 0 and ω-cyclohexane C17 : 0. The DNA G+C content was 51.3 and 49.8 mol% (Tm) for G45-16T and G45-17, respectively. On the basis of phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic comparisons with their relatives and DNA-DNA relatedness values, it is concluded that strains G45-16T and G45-17 represent a novel species within the genus Alicyclobacillus, for which the name Alicyclobacillus fodiniaquatilis sp. nov. is proposed; the type strain is G45-16T(=CGMCC 1.15049T=NBRC 111483T).

  13. Paenibacillus faecis sp. nov., isolated from human faeces.

    PubMed

    Clermont, Dominique; Gomard, Maïté; Hamon, Sylviane; Bonne, Isabelle; Fernandez, José-Carlos; Wheeler, Richard; Malosse, Christian; Chamot-Rooke, Julia; Gribaldo, Simonetta; Boneca, Ivo Gomperts; Bizet, Chantal

    2015-12-01

    A spore-forming, rod-shaped Gram-strain-positive bacterium, strain 656.84T, was isolated from human faeces in 1984. It contained anteiso-C15 : 0 as the major cellular fatty acid, meso-diaminopimelic acid was found in the cell wall peptidoglycan, the polar lipid profile consisted of diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol and aminophospholipids as the major components, and the predominant menaquinone was MK-7. The DNA G+C content was 52.9 mol%. The results of comparative 16S rRNA gene sequence studies placed strain 656.84T within the genus Paenibacillus. Its closest phylogenetic relatives were Paenibacillus barengoltzii and Paenibacillus timonensis. Levels of DNA-DNA relatedness between strain 656.84T and Paenibacillus timonensis CIP 108005T and Paenibacillus barengoltzii CIP 109354T were 17.3 % and 36.8 %, respectively, indicating that strain 656.84T represents a distinct species. On the basis of phenotypic and genotypic results, strain 656.84T is considered to represent a novel species within the genus Paenibacillus, for which the name Paenibacillus faecis sp. nov. is proposed; the type strain is 656.84T ( = DSM 23593T = CIP 101062T).

  14. Dinghuibacter silviterrae gen. nov., sp. nov., isolated from forest soil.

    PubMed

    Lv, Ying-Ying; Wang, Jia; Chen, Mei-Hong; You, Jia; Qiu, Li-Hong

    2016-04-01

    A novel Gram-stain negative, non-motile, rod-shaped, aerobic bacterial strain, designated DHOA34T, was isolated from forest soil of Dinghushan Biosphere Reserve, Guangdong Province, China. Comparative 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis showed that it exhibited highest similarity with Flavisolibacter ginsengiterrae Gsoil 492T and Flavitalea populi HY-50RT, at 90.89 and 90.83%, respectively. In the neighbour-joining phylogenetic tree based on 16S rRNA gene sequences, DHOA34T formed an independent lineage within the family Chitinophagaceae but was distinct from all recognized species and genera of the family. The major cellular fatty acids of DHOA34T included iso-C15:0, anteiso-C15:0, iso-C17:0 3-OH and summed feature 3 (C16:1ω6c and/or C16:1ω7c). The DNA G+C content was 51.6 mol% and the predominant quinone was menaquinone 7 (MK-7). Flexirubin pigments were produced. The phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic data demonstrate consistently that strain DHOA34T represents a novel species of a new genus in the family Chitinophagaceae, for which the name Dinghuibacter silviterrae gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain of Dinghuibacter silviterrae is DHOA34T (=CGMCC 1.15023T=KCTC 42632T).

  15. Lactobacillus silagincola sp. nov. and Lactobacillus pentosiphilus sp. nov., isolated from silage.

    PubMed

    Tohno, Masanori; Tanizawa, Yasuhiro; Irisawa, Tomohiro; Masuda, Takaharu; Sakamoto, Mitsuo; Arita, Masanori; Ohkuma, Moriya; Kobayashi, Hisami

    2017-09-01

    Three Gram-stain positive, non-motile, non-spore-forming, catalase-negative and rod-shaped bacterial strains (IWT5T, IWT25T and IWT140), isolated from silage, were investigated by using a polyphasic taxonomic approach. Strains IWT5T and IWT25T grew at 10-37 °C and 30-37 °C, and at pH 4.0-7.5 and 4.0-7.0, respectively. The G+C contents of genomic DNA of strains IWT5T and IWT25T were 43.2 and 44.4 mol%, respectively. Strains IWT5T and IWT25T contained C16 : 0, C18 : 1 ω9c and summed feature 7 (unknown 18.846/C19 : 1 ω6c/C19 : 0cyclo ω10c) as the major fatty acids. Strain IWT5T was most closely related to the type strains of Lactobacillus mixtipabuli (99.9 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity) and Lactobacillus silagei (99.5 %). For IWT25T, the 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities with the closely related neighbour type strains L. mixtipabuli and L. silagei were 99.5 and 99.5 %, respectively. The 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities among the three novel isolates were 99.5-99.9 %. The average nucleotide identities of strains IWT5T and IWT25T to other neighbours of the genus Lactobacillus were less than 82 % and the genomes of IWT25T and IWT140 shared 97.3 % average nucleotide identity, demonstrating that the three strains were allocated to two different novel species of the genus Lactobacillus. Together with multilocus sequence analysis, phenotypic and chemotaxonomic characteristics, strains IWT5T (=JCM 31144T=DSM 102973T) and IWT25T (=JCM 31145T=DSM 102974T) are proposed as the type strains of novel species of the genus Lactobacillus, with the names Lactobacillus silagincola sp. nov. and Lactobacillus pentosiphilus sp. nov., respectively.

  16. Flavobacterium chilense sp. nov. and Flavobacterium araucananum sp. nov., isolated from farmed salmonid fish.

    PubMed

    Kämpfer, P; Lodders, N; Martin, K; Avendaño-Herrera, R

    2012-06-01

    Three Gram-staining-negative non-endospore-forming strains were isolated from farmed fish in Chile: one (LM-09-Fp(T)) from a rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) and the others (LM-19-Fp(T) and LM-20-Fp) from two Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that all three isolates belonged to the genus Flavobacterium. In these analyses, strain LM-09-Fp(T) appeared most closely related to the type strains of Flavobacterium chungangense (98.5 % sequence similarity), Flavobacterium glaciei (98.2 %), Flavobacterium aquidurense (97.6 %), Flavobacterium saccharophilum (97.6 %) and Flavobacterium hercynium (97.6 %). The 16S rRNA gene sequences of strains LM-19-Fp(T) and LM-20-Fp were found to be identical and most similar to the corresponding sequences of the type strains of Flavobacterium aquidurense (98.6 %), Flavobacterium frigidimaris (98.5 %), Flavobacterium hercynium (97.9 %), Flavobacterium saccharophilum (97.7 %) and Flavobacterium pectinovorum (97.7 %). For each of the three novel strains, menaquinone (MK-6) was the predominant respiratory quinone and the major compounds in the polar lipid profile were phosphatidylethanolamine, an unidentified aminolipid, phosphatidylserine and two or three unknown lipids. The fatty acid profile of each strain, which comprised major amounts of iso-C(15:0), C(15:0) and summed feature 3 (C(16:1)ω7c and/or iso-C(15:0) 2-OH) as well as smaller amounts of various hydroxylated fatty acids (e.g. iso-C(16:0) 3-OH, iso-C(17:0) 3-OH, C(16:0) 3-OH and C(15:0) 3-OH), indicated that each belonged to the genus Flavobacterium. Based on their physiological and biochemical characteristics and the results of DNA-DNA hybridizations, which showed relatively low levels of relatedness between the novel strains and the most closely related Flavobacterium species, strain LM-09-Fp(T) ( = LMG 26360(T) = CCM 7940(T)) represents a novel species within the genus Flavobacterium, for which the name

  17. Bacteroides barnesiae sp. nov., Bacteroides salanitronis sp. nov. and Bacteroides gallinarum sp. nov., isolated from chicken caecum.

    PubMed

    Lan, Pham Thi Ngoc; Sakamoto, Mitsuo; Sakata, Shinji; Benno, Yoshimi

    2006-12-01

    Eight bacterial strains isolated from the caecum of chicken, BL2(T), BL66, EG3, EG6, M27, BL78(T), C35(T) and C43, were characterized by determining their phenotypic characteristics, cellular fatty acid profiles, menaquinone profiles and phylogenetic positions based on 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis showed that these isolates belonged to the genus Bacteroides. One group of five strains (BL2(T), BL66, EG3, EG6 and M27) was related most closely to Bacteroides coprocola JCM 12979(T), with approximately 93 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity, and to Bacteroides plebeius JCM 12973(T), with about 92 % similarity, and shared >or=99.6 % similarity with each other. Strain BL78(T) exhibited 90.5 % similarity to B. plebeius JCM 12973(T) and 89.8 % similarity to B. coprocola JCM 12979(T) and differed from the above group of five strains at >or=10 % sequence divergence. Strains C35(T) and C43 were related most closely to Bacteroides eggerthii JCM 12986(T), with 95.1 % sequence similarity, to Bacteroides stercoris JCM 9496(T), with 94.6 % similarity, and to Bacteroides uniformis JCM 5828(T), with 94.4 % similarity, and shared 100 % similarity with each other. From results of phenotypic examination, cellular fatty acid composition analysis, menaquinone composition analysis and DNA G+C contents, the group of five strains as well as strain BL78(T) were shown to differ from the type strains of B. coprocola and B. plebeius. Strain BL78(T) differed from the others based on its menaquinone composition, which included MK-11 and MK-12. Strains C35(T) and C43 could also be differentiated from the type strains of B. eggerthii, B. stercoris and B. uniformis. The group of five strains, strain BL78(T), B. coprocola JCM 12979(T) and B. plebeius JCM 12973(T) showed low levels of DNA-DNA relatedness (<35 %) with each other. High levels of DNA-DNA relatedness were obtained within the group of five strains (>75 %). Strains C35(T) and C43 exhibited a high level of

  18. Isolation of Paenibacillus sp. and Variovorax sp. strains from decaying woods and characterization of their potential for cellulose deconstruction.

    PubMed

    Ghio, Silvina; Lorenzo, Gonzalo Sabarís Di; Lia, Verónica; Talia, Paola; Cataldi, Angel; Grasso, Daniel; Campos, Eleonora

    2012-01-01

    Prospection of cellulose-degrading bacteria in natural environments allows the identification of novel cellulases and hemicellulases that could be useful in second-generation bioethanol production. In this work, cellulolytic bacteria were isolated from decaying native forest soils by enrichment on cellulose as sole carbon source. There was a predominance of Gram positive isolates that belonged to the phyla Proteobacteria and Firmicutes. Many primary isolates with cellulolytic activity were not pure cultures. From these consortia, isolation of pure constituents was attempted in order to test the hypothesis whether microbial consortia are needed for full degradation of complex substrates. Two isolates, CB1-2-A-5 and VG-4-A-2, were obtained as the pure constituents of CB1-2 and VG-4 consortia, respectively. Based on 16S RNA sequence, they could be classified as Variovorax paradoxus and Paenibacillus alvei. Noteworthy, only VG-4 consortium showed measurable xylan degrading capacity and signs of filter paper degradation. However, no xylan or filter paper degrading capacities were observed for the pure cultures isolated from it, suggesting that other members of this consortium were necessary for these hydrolyzing activities. Our results indicated that Paenibacillus sp. and Variovorax sp. as well as VG-4 consortium, might be a useful source of hydrolytic enzymes. Moreover, although Variovorax sp. had been previously identified in metagenomic studies of cellulolytic communities, this is the first report on the isolation and characterization of this microorganism as a cellulolytic genus.

  19. Isolation of Paenibacillus sp. and Variovorax sp. strains from decaying woods and characterization of their potential for cellulose deconstruction

    PubMed Central

    Ghio, Silvina; Lorenzo, Gonzalo Sabarís Di; Lia, Verónica; Talia, Paola; Cataldi, Angel; Grasso, Daniel; Campos, Eleonora

    2012-01-01

    Prospection of cellulose-degrading bacteria in natural environments allows the identification of novel cellulases and hemicellulases that could be useful in second-generation bioethanol production. In this work, cellulolytic bacteria were isolated from decaying native forest soils by enrichment on cellulose as sole carbon source. There was a predominance of Gram positive isolates that belonged to the phyla Proteobacteria and Firmicutes. Many primary isolates with cellulolytic activity were not pure cultures. From these consortia, isolation of pure constituents was attempted in order to test the hypothesis whether microbial consortia are needed for full degradation of complex substrates. Two isolates, CB1-2-A-5 and VG-4-A-2, were obtained as the pure constituents of CB1-2 and VG-4 consortia, respectively. Based on 16S RNA sequence, they could be classified as Variovorax paradoxus and Paenibacillus alvei. Noteworthy, only VG-4 consortium showed measurable xylan degrading capacity and signs of filter paper degradation. However, no xylan or filter paper degrading capacities were observed for the pure cultures isolated from it, suggesting that other members of this consortium were necessary for these hydrolyzing activities. Our results indicated that Paenibacillus sp. and Variovorax sp. as well as VG-4 consortium, might be a useful source of hydrolytic enzymes. Moreover, although Variovorax sp. had been previously identified in metagenomic studies of cellulolytic communities, this is the first report on the isolation and characterization of this microorganism as a cellulolytic genus. PMID:23301200

  20. [Isolation of actinobacteria with antibiotic associated with soft coral Nephthea sp].

    PubMed

    Ma, Liang; Zhang, Wenjun; Zhu, Yiguang; Wu, Zhengchao; Saurav, Kumar; Hang, Hui; Zhang, Changsheng

    2013-10-04

    The present study aims to isolate and identify actinobacteria associated with the soft coral Nephthea sp., and to isolate natural products from these actinobacteria under the guidance of PCR screening for polyketides synthase (PKS) genes. Eleven selective media were used to isolate actinobacteria associated with the soft coral Nephthea sp. collected from Yongxin Island. The isolated actinobacteria were classified on the basis of phylogenetic tree analysis of their 16S rRNA genes. Degenerated primers targeted on conserved KS (ketoacyl-synthase) domain of type I PKS genes were used to screen for potential isolates. The positive isolates were cultured in three different media to check their producing profiles. One bioactive strain that is rich in metabolites was subjected to larger scale fermentation for isolating bioactive natural products. A total of 20 strains were isolated from Nephthea sp., and were categorized into 3 genera including Streptomyces, Dietzia and Salinospora, among which 18 strains were positive in screening with type I PKS genes. Two bioactive compounds rifamycin S and rifamycin W were isolated and identified from Salinospora arenicola SH04. This is the first report of isolating indigenous marine actinobacteria Salinospora from the soft coral Nephthea sp. It provides an example of isolating bioactive secondary metabolites from cultivable actinobacteria associated with Nephthea sp. by PCR screening.

  1. Bacillus invictae sp. nov., isolated from a health product.

    PubMed

    Branquinho, Raquel; Sousa, Clara; Osório, Hugo; Meirinhos-Soares, Luís; Lopes, João; Carriço, João A; Busse, Hans-Jürgen; Abdulmawjood, Amir; Klein, Günter; Kämpfer, Peter; Pintado, Manuela E; Peixe, Luísa V

    2014-11-01

    A Gram-positive, rod-shaped, endospore-forming Bacillus isolate, Bi.(FFUP1) (T), recovered in Portugal from a health product was subjected to a polyphasic study and compared with the type strains of Bacillus pumilus, Bacillus safensis, Bacillus altitudinis and Bacillus xiamenensis, the phenotypically and genotypically most closely related species. Acid production from cellobiose, D-glucose and D-mannose and absence of acid production from D-arabinose, erythritol, inositol, maltose, mannitol, raffinose, rhamnose, sorbitol, starch and L-tryptophan discriminated this new isolate from the type strains of the most closely related species. Additionally, a significant different protein and carbohydrate signature was evidenced by spectroscopic techniques, matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry and Fourier transform IR spectroscopy with attenuated total reflectance. Using a chemometric approach, the score plot generated by principal component analysis clearly delineated the isolate as a separate cluster. The quinone system for strain Bi.(FFUP1) (T) comprised predominantly menaquinone MK-7 and major polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, an unidentified phospholipid and an unidentified glycolipid. Strain Bi.(FFUP1) (T) showed ≥ 99% 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity to B. safensis FO-036b(T), B. pumilus (7061(T) and SAFR-032), B. altitudinis 41KF2b(T) and B. xiamenensis HYC-10(T). Differences in strain Bi.FFUP1 (T) gyrB and rpoB sequences in comparison with the most closely related species and DNA-DNA hybridization experiments with Bi.FFUP1 (T) and B. pumilus ATCC 7061(T), B. safensis FO-036b(T), B. altitudinis 41KF2b(T) and B. xiamenensis HYC-10(T) gave relatedness values of 39.6% (reciprocal 38.0%), 49.9% (reciprocal 42.9%), 61.9% (reciprocal 52.2%) and 61.7% (reciprocal 49.2%), respectively, supported the delineation of strain Bi.(FFUP1) (T) as a representative of a novel species of the genus Bacillus, for which the name Bacillus

  2. Variovorax gossypii sp. nov., isolated from Gossypium hirsutum.

    PubMed

    Kämpfer, Peter; Busse, Hans-Jürgen; McInroy, John A; Glaeser, Stefanie P

    2015-12-01

    A beige-pigmented bacterial strain (JM-310T), isolated from the healthy internal root tissue of 4-week-old cotton (Gossypium hirsutum, cultivar 'DES-119') in Tallassee (Macon county), Alabama, USA, was studied taxonomically. The isolate produced small rod-shaped cells, which showed a Gram-negative staining behaviour. A comparison of the 16S rRNA gene sequence of the isolate revealed 99.2, 98.8, 98.7, 98.7, 98.1 and 97.6 % similarity to the 16S rRNA gene sequences of the type strains of Variovorax paradoxus, Variovorax boronicumulans, Variovorax ginsengisoli, Variovorax soli, Variovorax defluvii and Variovorax dokdonensis, respectively. In phylogenetic trees based on 16S rRNA gene sequences, strain JM-301T was placed within the monophyletic cluster of Variovorax species. The fatty acid profile of strain JM-310T consisted mainly of the major fatty acids C16 : 0, C10 : 0 3-OH and summed feature 4 (iso-C15 : 0 2-OH/C16 : 1ω7c/t). The quinone system of strain JM-310T contained predominantly ubiquinone Q-8 and lesser amounts of Q-7 and Q-9. The major polyamine was putrescine and the diagnostic polyamine 2-hydroxyputrescine was detected as well. The polar lipid profile consisted of the major lipids phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, diphospatidylglycerol and several unidentified lipids. DNA-DNA hybridization experiments with V. paradoxus LMG 1797T, V. boronicumulans 1.22T, V. soli KACC 11579T and V. ginsengisoli 3165T gave levels of relatedness of < 70 %. These DNA-DNA hybridization results in addition to differential biochemical properties indicate clearly that strain JM-310T is a member of a novel species, for which the name Variovorax gossypii sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is JM-310T ( = LMG 28869T = CIP 110912T = CCM 8614T).

  3. Pseudomonas matsuisoli sp. nov., isolated from a soil sample.

    PubMed

    Lin, Shih-Yao; Hameed, Asif; Hung, Mei-Hua; Liu, You-Cheng; Hsu, Yi-Han; Young, Li-Sen; Young, Chiu-Chung

    2015-03-01

    An aerobic, Gram-stain-negative, rod-shaped and polar-flagellated bacterium, designated strain CC-MHH0089(T), was isolated from a soil sample taken on Matsu Island (Taiwan). Strain CC-MHH0089(T) grew at 15-30 °C and pH 5.0-10.0 and tolerated ≤8 % (w/v) NaCl. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis showed high pairwise sequence similarity to Pseudomonas azotifigens 6H33b(T) (97.3 %) and Pseudomonas balearica SP1402(T) (96.7 %) and lower sequence similarity to other strains (<96.0 %). In DNA-DNA reassociation experiments, the relatedness of strain CC-MHH0089(T) to P. azotifigens JCM 12708(T) was 38.3 % (reciprocal value 19.5 %). Evolutionary trees reconstructed on the basis of 16S rRNA, gyrB and rpoB gene sequences revealed a varying phylogenetic neighbourhood of strain CC-MHH0089(T) with regard to the most closely related type strains. The predominant quinone system was ubiquinone 9 (Q-9) and the DNA G+C content was 63.6 mol%. The major fatty acids were C12 : 0, C16 : 0, C17 : 0, C19 : 0 cyclo ω8c and summed features 2 (C14 : 0 3-OH/iso-C16 : 1 I), 3 (C16 : 1ω7c/C16 : 1ω6c) and 8 (C18 : 1ω7c/C18 : 1ω6c). The major polar lipids were phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine and diphosphatidylglycerol. According to its distinct phylogenetic, phenotypic and chemotaxonomic features, strain CC-MHH0089(T) is proposed to represent a novel species within the genus Pseudomonas, for which the name Pseudomonas matsuisoli sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is CC-MHH0089(T) ( = BCRC 80771(T) = JCM 30078(T)).

  4. Candida ruelliae sp. nov., a novel yeast species isolated from flowers of Ruellia sp. (Acanthaceae).

    PubMed

    Saluja, Puja; Prasad, Gandham S

    2008-06-01

    Two novel yeast strains designated as 16Q1 and 16Q3 were isolated from flowers of the Ruellia species of the Acanthaceae family. The D1/D2 domain and ITS sequences of these two strains were identical. Sequence analysis of the D1/D2 domain of large-subunit rRNA gene indicated their relationship to species of the Candida haemulonii cluster. However, they differ from C. haemulonii by 14% nucleotide sequence divergence, from Candida pseudohaemulonii by 16.1% and from C. haemulonii type II by 16.5%. These strains also differ in 18 physiological tests from the type strain of C. haemulonii, and 12 and 16 tests, respectively, from C. pseudohaemulonii and C. haemulonii type II. They also differ from C. haemulonii and other related species by more than 13% sequence divergence in the internal transcribed spacer region. In the SSU rRNA gene sequences, strain 16Q1 differs by 1.7% nucleotide divergence from C. haemulonii. Sporulation was not observed in pure or mixed cultures on several media examined. All these data support the assignment of these strains to a novel species; we have named them as Candida ruelliae sp. nov., and designate strain 16Q1(T)=MTCC 7739(T)=CBS10815(T) as type strain of the novel species.

  5. A comparative study on phyllosphere nitrogen fixation by newly isolated Corynebacterium sp. & Flavobacterium sp. and their potentialities as biofertilizer.

    PubMed

    Giri, S; Pati, B R

    2004-01-01

    A number of nitrogen fixing bacteria has been isolated from forest phyllosphere on the basis of nitrogenase activity. Among them two best isolates are selected and identified as Corynebacterium sp. AN1 & Flavobacterium sp. TK2 able to reduce 88 and 132 n mol of acetylene (10(8)cells(-1)h(-1)) respectively. They were grown in large amount and sprayed on the phyllosphere of maize plants as a substitute for nitrogenous fertilizer. Marked improvements in growth and total nitrogen content of the plant have been observed by the application of these nitrogen-fixing bacteria. An average 30-37% increase in yield was obtained, which is nearer to chemical fertilizer treatment. Comparatively better effect was obtained by application of Flavobacterium sp.

  6. Whole-genome sequence of Enterobacter sp. strain SST3, an endophyte isolated from Jamaican sugarcane (Saccharum sp.) stalk tissue.

    PubMed

    Gan, Han Ming; McGroty, Sean E; Chew, Teong Han; Chan, Kok Gan; Buckley, Larry J; Savka, Michael A; Hudson, André O

    2012-11-01

    Enterobacter sp. strain SST3 is an endophytic bacterium isolated from Saccharum spp. Here we present its annotated draft genome that may shed light on its role as a bacterial endophyte of sugarcane. To our knowledge, this is the first genome announcement of a sugarcane-associated bacterium from the genus Enterobacter.

  7. Kinetics of petroleum oil biodegradation by a consortium of three protozoan isolates (Aspidisca sp., Trachelophyllum sp. and Peranema sp.).

    PubMed

    Kachieng'a, L; Momba, M N B

    2017-09-01

    Petroleum oil is a complex mixture of substances, the majority of which are hydrocarbons; the latter represent an extremely important and heterogeneous group of compounds that find their way into water resources by anthropogenic or natural ways. The majority of toxic hydrocarbon components of petroleum are biodegradable, where bioremediation using microbial species has become an integral process for the restoration of oil-polluted areas. In this study, three bioremediation processes, namely natural attenuation, nutrient supplementation by adding glucose and biostimulation by adding Tween(®) 80, were carried out in various petroleum hydrocarbon concentrations in polluted water media using a consortium of three protozoan isolates (Aspidisca sp., Trachelophyllum sp. and Peranema sp.). A first-order kinetics model was fitted to the biodegradation data to evaluate the biodegradation rate and to determine the corresponding half-life time. First-order kinetics satisfactorily described the biodegradation of the petroleum-based contaminants under abiotic conditions. The results showed an increase in the percentage removal of petroleum oil at the lower petroleum concentrations and a gradual percentage decrease in removing petroleum oil residues occurred when there was an increase in the initial concentrations of the petroleum oil: 39%, 27%, 22%, 12%, 10% for various petroleum oil concentrations of 50, 100, 150, 200, 250 mg/L, respectively. A similar trend was also observed in the glucose-supplemented culture media where the reduction was 45% and 78% for petroleum concentrations of 250 mg/L and 50 mg/L, respectively. Biodegradation of between 33 and 90% was achieved at a Tween(®) 80 concentration of between 50 mg/L and 250 mg/L. The degradation rate constants for the natural attenuation process ranged between ≥0 to ≤0.50, ≥0 to ≤0.35, ≥0 to ≤0.25, ≥0 to ≤ 0.14 and ≥ 0 to ≤0.11 for petroleum oil concentrations varying from 50, 100, 150, 200 and 250

  8. Psychroflexus salis sp. nov. and Psychroflexus planctonicus sp. nov., isolated from a salt lake.

    PubMed

    Zhong, Zhi-Ping; Liu, Ying; Wang, Fang; Zhou, Yu-Guang; Liu, Hong-Can; Liu, Zhi-Pei

    2016-01-01

    Two Gram-stain-negative, catalase- and oxidase-positive, strictly aerobic, non-motile, moderately halophilic bacteria (strains X15M-6T and X15M-8T) were isolated from Lake Xiaochaidan, a salt lake in Qaidam basin, Qinghai Province, China. Cells of X15M-6T were rod-like or coccoid, 0.5-0.9 μm wide and 0.9-1.5 μm long; cells of X15M-8T were rods, 0.3-0.6 μm wide and 1.2-2.2 μm long. Growth was observed in the presence of 0.5-14.0 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 3.0 %) and at pH 6.5-10.0 (optimum, pH 7.0-7.5) for both. X15M-6T and X15M-8T grew at 10-35 °C (optimum, 20-25 °C) and 4-35 °C (optimum, 25 °C), respectively. Both contained iso-C15 : 0, anteiso-C15 : 0 and iso-C17 : 0 3-OH as the major fatty acids, phosphatidylethanolamine and an unknown lipid as the major polar lipids, and menaquinone MK-6 as the major respiratory quinone. The DNA G+C contents were 32.8 and 35.0 mol% for X15M-6T and X15M-8T, respectively. Phylogenetic trees based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that both strains belonged to the genus Psychroflexus and formed a separate lineage. In addition, strains X15M-6T and X15M-8T shared 96.8 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity and showed highest similarities to members of the genus Psychroflexus (92.7-93.5 and 91.8-93.1 %, respectively). Based on the above data, it is concluded that strains X15M-6T and X15M-8T represent two novel species of the genus Psychroflexus, for which the names Psychroflexus salis sp. nov. (type strain X15M-6T = CGMCC 1.12925T = JCM 30615T) and Psychroflexus planctonicus sp. nov. (type strain X15M-8T = CGMCC 1.12931T = JCM 30616T) are proposed.

  9. Kordia ulvae sp. nov., a bacterium isolated from the surface of green marine algae Ulva sp.

    PubMed

    Qi, Feng; Huang, Zhaobin; Lai, Qiliang; Li, Dengfeng; Shao, Zongze

    2016-04-20

    A novel bacterial strain SC2T was isolated from Ulva sp. a green marine algae. Strain SC2T was Gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped and had no flagellum. Oxidase and catalase were positive. Strain SC2T can degrade skim milk, agar, soluble starch, Tween 20 and Tween 80. The optimal salinity and temperature of strain SC2T were 2% and 30 °C, respectively. Phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene indicated that strain SC2T was affiliated to the genus Kordia, with highest sequence similarity to Kordia algicida OT-1T (97.23%), Kordia antarctica IMCC3317T (97.23%) and Kordia jejudonensis SSK3-3T (97.02%); other species of the genus Kordia shared 93.98%-95.78% sequence similarity. The ANI value and the DNA-DNA hybridization estimated value between strain SC2T and three type strains (K. algicida OT-1T, K. antarctica IMCC3317T and K. jejudonensis SSK3-3T) were found to be 79.4%-82.4% and 24.2%-27.0%, respectively. The predominant fatty acids (>5.0%) were C16:0, iso-C15:0, iso-C15:0 3-OH, iso-C17:0 3-OH, summed feature 3 (comprised C16:1 ω7c/C16:1 ω6c), summed feature 8 (comprised C18:1 ω7c/C18:1 ω6c) and summed feature 9 (comprised iso-C17:1 ω9c/C16:0 10-methyl). The respiratory quinone was Menaquinone-6 (MK-6). The polar lipid profile consisted of four unknown lipids, three unidentified phospholipids, one unidentified aminolipid and one phosphatidylethanolamine. The G+C content of the genomic DNA was 34.5 mol%. The combined genotypic and phenotypic data showed that strain SC2T represents a novel species within the genus Kordia, for which the name Kordia ulvae sp. nov. is proposed, with the type strain SC2T (= KCTC 42872T = MCCC 1A01772T = LMG 29123T).

  10. Sphingobacterium cladoniae sp. nov., isolated from lichen, Cladonia sp., and emended description of Sphingobacterium siyangense.

    PubMed

    Lee, Dong-Heon; Hur, Jae Seoun; Kahng, Hyung-Yeel

    2013-02-01

    A strictly aerobic, Gram-stain-negative bacterium, designated strain No.6(T), was isolated from a lichen (Cladonia sp.) collected in Geogeum Island, Korea, and its taxonomic status was established by a polyphasic study. Cells of strain No.6(T) were non-motile, catalase- and oxidase-positive, non-spore-forming rods. Growth was observed at 15-35 °C (optimum, 25-30 °C), at pH 5.0-10.0 (optimum, pH 6.0-8.0) and with 0-3 % NaCl (optimum, 0-2 %). The predominant cellular fatty acids were summed feature 3 (comprising iso-C(15 : 0) 2-OH and/or C(16 : 1)ω7c, 41.5 %), iso-C(15 : 0) (26.7 %) and C(16 : 0) (9.6 %), and menaquinone MK-7 was the only respiratory quinone. The G+C content of the genomic DNA of strain No.6(T) was 36.8 mol%. A phylogenetic tree based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain No.6(T) fell within the evolutionary group encompassed by the genus Sphingobacterium. Levels of 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity between the novel strain and the type strains of recognized Sphingobacterium species ranged from 92.1 to 99.1 %, the highest values being with Sphingobacterium siyangense SY1(T) (99.1 %) and Sphingobacterium multivorum IAM 14316(T) (98.5 %). DNA-DNA relatedness between strain No.6(T) and these two type strains were 32.0 and 5.7 %, respectively. The polar lipids found in strain No.6(T) were phosphatidylethanolamine, two unidentified phospholipids, three unidentified aminophospholipids, one glycolipid and four unidentified lipids. One unidentified sphingolipid was also found. On the basis of phenotypic and genotypic data, strain No.6(T) represents a novel species of the genus Sphingobacterium, for which the name Sphingobacterium cladoniae sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is No.6(T) ( = KCTC 22613(T) = JCM 16113(T)). An emended description of Sphingobacterium siyangense is also proposed.

  11. Bacillus pervagus sp. nov. and Bacillus andreesenii sp. nov., isolated from a composting reactor.

    PubMed

    Kosowski, Kornelia; Schmidt, Marie; Pukall, Rüdiger; Hause, Gerd; Kämpfer, Peter; Lechner, Ute

    2014-01-01

    Two strains, 8-4-E12(T) and 8-4-E13(T), were isolated from a biowaste composting reactor. Based on 16S rRNA gene sequences, both strains belong to the genus Bacillus. Strain 8-4-E12(T) was most closely related to the type strains of Bacillus shackletonii, B. acidicola, B. sporothermodurans and B. oleronius (96.4, 96.3, 96.0 and 95.6 % 16S rRNA gene similarity, respectively), whereas strain 8-4-E13(T) was most closely related to the type strain of Bacillus humi (96.5 % sequence similarity). Strains 8-4-E12(T) and 8-4-E13(T) shared 94 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity. The fatty acid profile of strain 8-4-E12(T) was dominated by saturated iso- and anteiso-branched fatty acids (iso-C15 : 0, anteiso-C15 : 0, anteiso-C17 : 0 and iso-C16 : 0), and also contained considerable amounts of C16 : 0. The fatty acid profile of strain 8-4-E13(T) showed a predominance of iso-C15 : 0 (65 %), with smaller amounts of other saturated branched-chain fatty acids along with an unsaturated alcohol. Both strains contained diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol and phosphatidylethanolamine as major polar lipids. Additionally, strain 8-4-E12(T) contained an unknown lipid and strain 8-4-E13(T) two unknown (amino-)phospholipids. The diagnostic diamino acid found in the cell-wall peptidoglycan of 8-4-E12(T) and 8-4-E13(T) was meso-diaminopimelic acid. The predominant menaquinone was MK-7. The results of physiological and biochemical tests also allowed phenotypic differentiation of the two strains from each other and from related Bacillus species. On the basis of their phylogenetic, phenotypic and chemotaxonomic properties, strains 8-4-E12(T) and 8-4-E13(T) represent novel species of the genus Bacillus, for which the names Bacillus pervagus sp. nov. (type strain 8-4-E12(T) = DSM 23947(T) = LMG 27601(T)) and Bacillus andreesenii sp. nov. (type strain 8-4-E13(T) = DSM 23948(T) = LMG 27602(T)) are proposed.

  12. Sphingomonas aerophila sp. nov. and Sphingomonas naasensis sp. nov., isolated from air and soil, respectively.

    PubMed

    Kim, Soo-Jin; Moon, Ji-Young; Lim, Jun-Muk; Ahn, Jae-Hyung; Weon, Hang-Yeon; Ahn, Tae-Young; Kwon, Soon-Wo

    2014-03-01

    Two strains, designated 5413J-26(T) and KIS18-15(T), were isolated from the air and forest soil, respectively, in South Korea. Cells of the two strains were Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, polar-flagellated and rod-shaped. According to the phylogenetic tree, strains 5413J-26(T) and KIS18-15(T) fell into the cluster of Sphingomonas sensu stricto. Strain 5413J-26(T) showed the highest sequence similarities with Sphingomonas trueperi LMG 2142(T) (96.6%), Sphingomonas molluscorum KMM 3882(T) (96.5%), Sphingomonas azotifigens NBRC 15497(T) (96.3 %) and Sphingomonas pituitosa EDIV(T) (96.1 %), while strain KIS18-15(T) had the highest sequence similarity with Sphingomonas soli T5-04(T) (96.8%), Sphingomonas pituitosa EDIV(T) (96.6%), Sphingomonas leidyi ATCC 15260(T) (96.6 %), Sphingomonas asaccharolytica NBRC 15499(T) (96.6 %) and Sphingomonas koreensis JSS26(T) (96.6 %). The 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity between strains 5413J-26(T) and KIS18-15(T) was 95.4 %. Ubiquinone 10 was the predominant respiratory quinone and homospermidine was the major polyamine. The major polar lipids consisted of diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, and several unidentified phospholipids and lipids. The main cellular fatty acids (>10% of the total fatty acids) of strain 5413J-26(T) were summed feature 8 (C18 : 1ω6c and/or C18 : 1ω7c), summed feature 3 (C16 : 1ω7c and/or iso-C15 : 0 2-OH) and C14 : 0 2-OH, and those of strain KIS18-15(T) were summed feature 8 and C16 : 0. Based on the results of 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, and physiological and biochemical characterization, two novel species with the suggested names Sphingomonas aerophila sp. nov. (type strain 5413J-26(T) = KACC 16533(T) = NBRC 108942(T)) and Sphingomonas naasensis sp. nov. (type strain KIS18-15(T) = KACC 16534(T) = NBRC 108943(T)) are proposed.

  13. Flavobacterium tructae sp. nov. and Flavobacterium piscis sp. nov., isolated from farmed rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss).

    PubMed

    Zamora, L; Vela, A I; Sánchez-Porro, C; Palacios, M A; Moore, E R B; Domínguez, L; Ventosa, A; Fernández-Garayzábal, J F

    2014-02-01

    Four Gram-staining-negative, catalase- and oxidase-positive, pale-orange pigmented bacterial strains (435-08(T), 47B-3-09, 412R-09(T) and 60B-3-09) were isolated from diseased rainbow trout. Analysis of their 16S rRNA gene sequences suggested their adscription to the genus Flavobacterium. Strains formed two phylogenetic groups represented by strains 435-08(T) and 47B-3-09 (group A), and strains 412R-09(T) and 60B-3-09 (group B) displaying 16S rRNA sequence similarities greater than 99.8-99.9% within their respective groups. Strain 435-08(T) exhibited the highest levels of similarity with Flavobacterium aquidurense WB-1.1.56(T) (98.6% sequence similarity) and strain 412R-09(T) with Flavobacterium frigidimaris KUC-1(T) and Flavobacterium aquidurense WB-1.1.56(T) (98.9% and 98.6% sequence similarity, respectively). DNA-DNA hybridization studies showed low levels of relatedness between strain 435-08(T) and strain 412R-09(T) and between both strains and the most closely related species of the genus Flavobacterium. The genomic DNA G+C contents of strains 435-08(T) and 412R-09(T) were 36.2 and 34.3 mol%, respectively. The predominant respiratory quinone of both strains was MK-6 and the major fatty acids were iso-C(15 : 0), C(16 : 1)ω7c and C(15 : 0). The two groups of strains could be distinguished from each other and from related species of the genus Flavobacterium by a number of phenotypic properties. Phylogenetic, genotypic and phenotypic evidence indicated that strains of groups A and B represent two novel species of the genus Flavobacterium, for which the names Flavobacterium tructae sp. nov. (type strain 435-08(T) = CECT 7791(T) = CCUG 60100(T)) and Flavobacterium piscis sp. nov. (type strain 412R-09(T) = CECT 7911(T) = CCUG 60099(T)) are proposed.

  14. Gracilimonas halophila sp. nov., isolated from a marine solar saltern.

    PubMed

    Lu, De-Chen; Xia, Jun; Dunlap, Christopher A; Rooney, Alejandro P; Du, Zong-Jun

    2017-09-01

    A Gram-stain-negative and facultatively anaerobic bacterium, designated WDS2C40T, was isolated from a marine solar saltern in Weihai, China. Cells of strain WDS2C40T were 0.4-0.5 µm wide and 4.0-9.0 µm long, catalase-positive and oxidase-negative. Strain WDS2C40T was tolerant to moderate salt concentrations. Growth occurred at 20-42 °C (optimum, 37-40 °C), at pH 7.0-8.5 (optimum, 7.5-8.0) and with 2-16 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 6-8 %). A phylogenetic analysis of the 16S rRNA gene indicated that strain WDS2C40T was a member of the genus Gracilimonas within the family Balneolaceae. The most closely related neighbour was Gracilimonas rosea JCM 18898T (95.92 % similarity). The major respiratory quinone of strain WDS2C40T was menaquinone MK-7, and the dominant fatty acids were iso-C13 : 0, iso-C15 : 0 and summed feature 3. The major polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, one kind of glycolipid and two unidentified phospholipids. The genomic DNA G+C content was 41.7 mol%. Based on this polyphasic taxonomic study, strain WDS2C40T is considered to represent a novel species in the genus Gracilimonas, for which the name Gracilimonas halophila sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is WDS2C40T (=KCTC 52042T=MCCC 1H00135T).

  15. Mucilaginibacter gynuensis sp. nov., isolated from rotten wood.

    PubMed

    Khan, Haji; Chung, Eu Jin; Jeon, Che Ok; Chung, Young Ryun

    2013-09-01

    A Gram-staining-negative, rod-shaped, aerobic bacterial strain designated YC7003(T), was isolated from a piece of rotten wood collected at Jinju, Korea. The taxonomic position of the strain was investigated using a polyphasic approach. The strain was catalase- and oxidase-positive, grew at 4-35 °C (optimum, 30 °C) and at pH 5.0-10.0 (optimum, pH 6.5-7.0). The major cellular fatty acids were C(16:1)ω7c and/or iso-C(15:0) 2-OH (summed feature 3), iso-C(15:0) and C(16 : 1)ω5c and the major respiratory quinone was MK-7. The total genomic DNA G+C content was 49.0 mol%. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain YC7003(T) belonged to the genus Mucilaginibacter in the family Sphingobacteriaceae with 94.4-97.2% sequence similarities with type strains of species of the genus Mucilaginibacter. The most closely related species was Mucilaginibacter mallensis MP1X4(T) (97.2%). The DNA-DNA relatedness value between strain YC7003(T) and M. mallensis MP1X4(T) was 21.7 ± 3.3%. Based on these data, strain YC7003(T) represents a novel species of the genus Mucilaginibacter, for which the name Mucilaginibacter gynuensis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is YC7003(T) ( =KACC 15532(T) =JCM 17705(T)).

  16. Nocardioides antarcticus sp. nov., isolated from marine sediment.

    PubMed

    Deng, Sangsang; Chang, Xulu; Zhang, Yumin; Ren, Lvzhi; Jiang, Fan; Qu, Zhihao; Peng, Fang

    2015-08-01

    Strain M-SA3-94T, an aerobic, Gram-stain-positive, ovoid- to rod-shaped, non-motile bacterium, was isolated from the marine sediment of Ardley cove, King George Island, Antarctica. Strain M-SA3-94T grew optimally at pH 5.0-6.0, 20 °C and in the presence of 1.0 % (w/v) NaCl. Phylogenetic analysis, based on 16S rRNA gene sequences, indicated that strain M-SA3-94T belonged to the genus Nocardioides in the family Nocardioidaceae, clustering with Nocardioides plantarum NCIMB 12834T, Nocardioides ginsengagri BX5-10T, Nocardioides marinquilinus CL-GY44T and Nocardioides lianchengensis D94-1T (with 96.1 %, 95.9 %, 94.5 % and 94.7 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity, respectively). The chemotaxonomic properties of strain M-SA3-94T were similar to those of members of the genus Nocardioides with validly published names. The major fatty acid was iso-C16 : 0. The polar lipid pattern contained diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol and three unknown phospholipids. The diagnostic diamino acid in the cell-wall peptidoglycan was ll-2, 6-diaminopimelic acid. MK-8(H4) was the predominant menaquinone and the DNA G+C content of this strain was 66.7 mol%. On the basis of these phenotypic, phylogenetic and chemotaxonomic data, strain M-SA3-94T represents a novel species of the genus Nocardioides, for which the name Nocardioides antarcticus sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is M-SA3-94T ( = CCTCC AB2014053T = LMG 28254T).

  17. Nocardioides solisilvae sp. nov., isolated from a forest soil.

    PubMed

    Sultanpuram, Vishnuvardhan Reddy; Mothe, Thirumala; Mohammed, Farooq

    2015-06-01

    A Gram-stain positive, rod shaped aerobic bacterial strain designated Ka25(T) was isolated from a forest soil sample near Kasol, Himachal Pradesh, India. Based on 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis it was identified that strain Ka25(T) belongs to the class Actinobacteria and is most closely related to Nocardioides daejeonensis KCTC 19772(T) (97.2 %), Nocardioides dubius JCM 13008(T) (96.9 %), Nocardioides psychrotolerans CGMCC 1.11156(T) (96.8 %), Nocardioides pacificus DSM 27278(T)(96.7 %) and Nocardioides daphniae JCM 16608(T)(96.4 %) sequence similarity respectively. The chemotaxonomic properties of strain Ka25(T) are consistent with those of the members of the genus Nocardioides: MK-8(H4) is the predominant menaquinone, iso-C16 : 0, iso-C17 : 0 and C18 : 1ω9c were identified as the predominant cellular fatty acids and the cell-wall peptidoglycan is based on LL-2,6-diaminopimelic acid. The DNA G+C content of strain Ka25(T) was determined to be 71.6 mol %. The results of the polyphasic taxonomic analysis allowed a clear differentiation of strain Ka25(T) from all other members of the genus Nocardioides. Strain Ka25(T) is thus considered to represent a novel member of the genus Nocardioides, for which the name Nocardioides solisilvae sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is Ka25(T) (=KCTC39528(T) =MCC2762(T)).

  18. Paenibacillus arachidis sp. nov., isolated from groundnut seeds.

    PubMed

    Sadaf, K; Tushar, L; Nirosha, P; Podile, A R; Sasikala, Ch; Ramana, Ch V

    2016-08-01

    A Gram-stain-positive, endospore-forming, rod-shaped, facultatively anaerobic bacterium, designated as strain E3T, was isolated from groundnut seeds. Based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, strain E3T belongs to the genus Paenibacillus with Paenibacillus thailandensis S3-4AT (96.0 %), Paenibacillus xanthinilyticus 11N27T (95.7 %), Paenibacillus mendelii C/2T (95.7 %) and other members of the genus Paenibacillus (<95.5 %) as its closest phylogenetic neighbours. The DNA G+C content of strain E3T was 53 mol%. Strain E3T was positive for gelatin hydrolysis, ammonification, catalase, chitinase production, 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate (ACC) deaminase activity, HCN production, siderophore production, biofilm formation, and urea and starch hydrolysis. Strain E3T had phosphatidylethanolamine, diphosphotidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine, an unidentified aminophospholipid, two unidentified aminolipids and two unidentified lipids as polar lipids. Strain E3T had diploptene, deplopterol and bacteriohopaneterol as major hopanoids. anteiso-C15 : 0 was the predominant cellular fatty acid with significant proportions of iso-C16 : 0, C16 : 0, C17 : 0, anteiso-C17 : 0, C18 : 1ω9c and iso-C14 : 0. Strain E3T had meso-diaminopimelic acid as the diagnostic diamino acid in the cell-wall peptidoglycan. On the basis of physiological, biochemical, chemotaxonomic and molecular analysis, strain E3T represents a novel species of the genus Paenibacillus, for which the name Paenibacillus arachidis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is E3T (=KCTC 33574T=LMG 28417T).

  19. Cellulosimicrobium marinum sp. nov., an actinobacterium isolated from sea sediment.

    PubMed

    Hamada, Moriyuki; Shibata, Chiyo; Tamura, Tomohiko; Nurkanto, Arif; Ratnakomala, Shanti; Lisdiyanti, Puspita; Suzuki, Ken-Ichiro

    2016-07-01

    A novel Gram stain positive actinobacterium, designated RS-7-4(T), was isolated from a sea sediment sample collected in Indonesia, and its taxonomic position was investigated using a polyphasic approach. Strain RS-7-4(T) was observed to form vegetative hyphae in the early phase of growth, but the hyphae eventually fragmented into short rods to coccoid cells. Growth occurred at 15-37 °C, pH 6.0-11.0 and in the presence of 0-7 % (w/v) NaCl. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequence comparisons revealed that strain RS-7-4(T) was closely related to the members of the genus Cellulosimicrobium, with a similarity range of 98.08-99.10 %. The peptidoglycan type of strain RS-7-4(T) was found to be A4α L-Lys-L-Thr-D-Asp. The predominant menaquinone was MK-9(H4), and the major fatty acids were anteiso-C15:0, iso-C15:0 and anteiso-C17:0. The DNA G+C content was 75.6 mol%. These chemotaxonomic features corresponded to those of the genus Cellulosimicrobium. Meanwhile, the results of DNA-DNA hybridization, and physiological and biochemical tests revealed that strain RS-7-4(T) was different from the recognized species of the genus Cellulosimicrobium. Therefore, strain RS-7-4(T) represents a novel species of the genus Cellulosimicrobium, for which the name Cellulosimicrobium marinum sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is RS-7-4(T) (=NBRC 110994(T) =InaCC A726(T)).

  20. Bacillus crassostreae sp. nov., isolated from an oyster (Crassostrea hongkongensis).

    PubMed

    Chen, Jin-Hua; Tian, Xiang-Rong; Ruan, Ying; Yang, Ling-Ling; He, Ze-Qiang; Tang, Shu-Kun; Li, Wen-Jun; Shi, Huazhong; Chen, Yi-Guang

    2015-05-01

    A novel Gram-stain-positive, motile, catalase- and oxidase-positive, endospore-forming, facultatively anaerobic rod, designated strain JSM 100118(T), was isolated from an oyster (Crassostrea hongkongensis) collected from the tidal flat of Naozhou Island in the South China Sea. Strain JSM 100118(T) was able to grow with 0-13% (w/v) NaCl (optimum 2-5%), at pH 5.5-10.0 (optimum pH 7.5) and at 5-50 °C (optimum 30-35 °C). The cell-wall peptidoglycan contained meso-diaminopimelic acid as the diagnostic diamino acid. The predominant respiratory quinone was menaquinone-7 and the major cellular fatty acids were anteiso-C15 : 0, iso-C15 : 0, C16 : 0 and C16 : 1ω11c. The polar lipids consisted of diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, an unknown glycolipid and an unknown phospholipid. The genomic DNA G+C content was 35.9 mol%. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain JSM 100118(T) belonged to the genus Bacillus , and was most closely related to Bacillus litoralis SW-211(T) (98.9% 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity), Bacillus halosaccharovorans E33(T) (98.3%), Bacillus niabensis 4T19(T) (97.8%) and Bacillus herbersteinensis D-1,5a(T) (97.1%). The combination of results from the phylogenetic analysis, DNA-DNA hybridization, and phenotypic and chemotaxonomic characterization supported the conclusion that strain JSM 100118(T) represents a novel species of the genus Bacillus , for which the name Bacillus crassostreae sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is JSM 100118(T) ( = CTCC AB 2010452(T) =DSM 24486(T) =JCM 17523(T)).

  1. Paenibacillus ripae sp. nov., isolated from bank side soil.

    PubMed

    Sun, Ying; Guo, Zhaohui; Zhao, Qi; Gao, Qiyu; Xie, QinJian; Yang, Rui; Liu, Ronghui; Wu, Zhengrong; Chen, Peng; Li, Yang; Wang, Xin; Li, Hongyu

    2015-12-01

    A Gram-stain-variable, rod-shaped, non-motile and endospore-forming bacterium, designated strain HZ1T, was isolated from a sample of bank side soil from Hangzhou city, Zhejiang province, PR China. On the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, strain HZ1T was closely related to members of the genus Paenibacillus, sharing the highest levels of sequence similarity with Paenibacillus agarexedens DSM 1327T (94.4 %), Paenibacillus sputi KIT00200-70066-1T (94.4 %). Growth occurred at 15-42 °C (optimum 30-37 °C), pH 5.0-9.5 (optimum pH 7.0-8.0) and NaCl concentrations of up to 6.0 % (w/v) were tolerated (optimum 0.5 %). The dominant respiratory quinone was MK-7 and the DNA G+C content was 40.1 mol%. The major fatty acids were anteiso-C15 : 0 and iso-C16 : 0. The major polar lipids of strain HZ1T were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine and several unknown lipids. The diagnostic diamino acid found in the cell-wall peptidoglycan was meso-diaminopimelic acid. Based on its phenotypic and chemotaxonomic characteristics and phylogenetic data, strain HZ1T represents a novel species of the genus Paenibacillus, for which the name Paenibacillus ripae sp. nov. (type strain HZ1T = CCTCC AB 2014276T = LMG 28639T) is proposed.

  2. Terrilactibacillus laevilacticus gen. nov., sp. nov., isolated from soil.

    PubMed

    Prasirtsak, Budsabathip; Thongchul, Nuttha; Tolieng, Vasana; Tanasupawat, Somboon

    2016-03-01

    A Gram-stain-positive, catalase-positive, facultatively anaerobic, spore-forming, rod-shaped bacterium, strain NK26-11T, was isolated from soil in Thailand. This strain produced d-lactic acid from glucose homofermentatively, and grew at 20-45 °C and pH 5-8.5. The cell-wall peptidoglycan contained meso-diaminopimelic acid. The major respiratory quinone was menaquinone 7 (MK-7), the DNA G+C content was 42.6 mol%, and the major cellular fatty acids were anteiso-C15 : 0 and anteiso-C17 : 0. On the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequences analysis, strain NK26-11T was closely related to Bacillus solimangrovi JCM 18994T (93.89 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity), Pullulanibacillus naganoensis LMG 12887T (93.32 %), Sporolactobacillus inulinus NRIC 1133T (92.99 %), Tuberibacillus calidus JCM 13397T (92.98 %) and Thalassobacillus devorans DSM 16966T ( < 90.93 %). Strain NK26-11T could be clearly distinguished from the closely related genera based on phenotypic characteristics and DNA G+C content, and thus represents a novel species of a new genus between the Bacillus and Sporolactobacillus cluster, for which the name Terrilactibacillus laevilacticus gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain of the type species is NK26-11T ( = LMG 27803T = TISTR 2241T = PCU 335T).

  3. Microbacterium enclense sp. nov., isolated from sediment sample.

    PubMed

    Mawlankar, Rahul R; Mual, Poonam; Sonalkar, Vidya V; Thorat, Meghana N; Verma, Ashish; Srinivasan, Krishnamurthi; Dastager, Syed G

    2015-07-01

    A novel bacterium (strain NIO-1002(T)) belonging to the genus Microbacterium was isolated from a marine sediment sample in Chorao Island, Goa Province, India. Its morphology, physiology, biochemical features and 16S rRNA gene sequence were characterized. Cells of this strain were Gram-stain-positive, non-motile, non-spore-forming rods that formed yellow-pigmented colonies. It grew in 0-12% (w/v) NaCl and at 25-37 °C, with optimal growth at 30 °C. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain NIO-1002(T) is associated with members of the genus Microbacterium, with highest sequence similarity with Microbacterium hominis CIP 105731(T) (98.1%) and Microbacterium testaceum KCTC 9103(T) (98.0%). Within the phylogenetic tree, this novel strain shared a branching point with M. hominis CIP 105731(T). The DNA G+C content was 66.5 mol% and DNA-DNA hybridization relatedness between NIO-1002(T), M. hominis CIP 105731(T) and M. testaceum KCTC 9103(T) was 39.0 ± 2.0% and 41.0 ± 2.0%, respectively. The major fatty acids were ai-C15 : 0, i-C16 : 0 and ai-C17 : 0 and the diamino acid in the cell-wall peptidoglycan of NIO-1002(T) was lysine. Data obtained from DNA-DNA hybridization and chemotaxonomic phenotypic analysis support the conclusion that strain NIO-1002(T) represents a novel species within the genus Microbacterium. The name Microbacterium enclense sp. nov. is proposed, with NIO-1002(T) ( = NCIM 5454(T) = DSM 25125(T) = CCTCC AB 2011120(T)) as the type strain.

  4. Cellulosimicrobium aquatile sp. nov., isolated from Panagal reservoir, Nalgonda, India.

    PubMed

    Sultanpuram, Vishnuvardhan Reddy; Mothe, Thirumala; Chintalapati, Sasikala; Chintalapati, Venkata Ramana

    2015-12-01

    A Gram-stain positive, non-spore forming, non-motile, yellow-pigmented, rod shaped and coccoid aerobic strain designated 3bp(T) was isolated from Panagal reservoir, at Nalgonda, Telangana, India. Based on 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis it was identified that strain 3bp(T) belongs to the class Actinobacteria and is closely related to Cellulosimicrobium funkei VTT E-072700(T), Cellulosimicrobium cellulans LMG16221(T) and Cellulosimicrobium terreum KCTC 19206(T). The DNA-DNA relatedness data demonstrated that strain 3bp(T) is distinguishable from the above three species of the genus. Further, the chemotaxonomic properties of strain 3bp(T) were consistent with those of the genus Cellulosimicrobium: MK-9(H4) was the predominant menaquinone, anteiso-C15 : 0, iso-C15:0,  anteiso-C17 : 0 and iso- C16:0 were the predominant cellular fatty acids and the cell-wall peptidoglycan contains L-lysine. The DNA G+C content of strain 3bp(T) was 73.8 mol%. The results of the polyphasic analysis allowed a clear differentiation of strain 3bp(T) from all other members of the genus Cellulosimicrobium. Strain 3bp(T) is thus considered to represent a novel member of the genus Cellulosimicrobium, for which the name Cellulosimicrobium aquatile sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is 3bp(T) (=KCTC 39527(T) = MCC 2761(T) = LMG 28646(T)).

  5. Oryzobacter terrae gen. nov., sp. nov., isolated from paddy soil.

    PubMed

    Kim, Soo-Jin; Lim, Jun-Muk; Hamada, Moriyuki; Ahn, Jae-Hyung; Weon, Hang-Yeon; Suzuki, Ken-ichiro; Ahn, Tae-Young; Kwon, Soon-Wo

    2015-09-01

    A bacterial strain, PSGM2-16(T), was isolated from a pot of paddy soil grown with rice in Suwon region, Republic of Korea, and was characterized as having aerobic, Gram-stain-positive, short-rod-shaped cells with one polar flagellum. The 16S rRNA gene sequence of strain PSGM2-16(T) revealed the highest sequence similarities with Knoellia locipacati DMZ1T (97.4%), Fodinibacter luteus YIM C003(T) (97.2%) and Lapillicoccus jejuensis R-Ac013(T) (97.0%), and the phylogenetic tree showed that strain PSGM2-16(T) formed a subgroup with Ornithinibacter aureus HB09001(T) and F. luteus YIM C003(T) within the family Intrasporangiaceae. The major fatty acids (>10% of the total fatty acids) of strain PSGM2-16(T) were iso-C16 : 0, C17 : 1ω8c and iso-C14 : 0. The predominant menaquinone was MK-8(H4). The polar lipids present were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylinositol, three aminophospholipids and two phospholipids. The peptidoglycan was type A4γ with meso-diaminopimelic acid as the diagnostic diamino acid. DNA-DNA hybridization values between strain PSGM2-16(T) and closely related taxa were much less than 70%. The genomic DNA G+C content of strain PSGM2-16(T) was 70.0 mol%. On the basis of the evidence presented, it is concluded that strain PSGM2-16(T) represents a novel species of a new genus in the family Intrasporangiaceae, for which the name Oryzobacter terrae gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain of the type species is PSGM2-16(T) ( = KACC 17299(T)= DSM 27137(T)= NBRC 109598(T)).

  6. Tumebacillus lipolyticus sp. nov., isolated from river water.

    PubMed

    Prasad, R V; Bhumika, V; Anil Kumar, P; Srinivas, N R T

    2015-12-01

    An aerobic, endospore-forming, alkali-tolerant, Gram-stain-positive, non-motile, rod-shaped bacterium, designated strain NIO-S10T, was isolated from a surface water sample collected from the Godavari River, Kapileswarapuram, India. Colonies on nutrient agar were circular, 3-4 mm in diameter, creamish and raised after incubation for 36 h at 37 °C. Growth occurred at 20-40 °C, at pH 6-9 and in the presence of 0-2 % (w/v) NaCl. Strain NIO-S10T was positive for oxidase, caseinase, DNase, gelatinase, lipase and urease activities, and negative for catalase, aesculinase, amylase and cellulase activities. The fatty acids were dominated by branched and saturated fatty acids, with a high abundance of iso-C15 : 0, anteiso-C15 : 0 and C18 : 0.The cell-wall peptidoglycan contained meso-diaminopimelic acid as the diagnostic diamino acid, and MK-7 was the major menaquinone. The DNA G+C content of strain NIO-S10T was 54.4 mol%. A blast sequence similarity search based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that Tumebacillus ginsengisoli Gsoil 1105T was the nearest phylogenetic neighbour to strain NIO-S10T, with a pairwise sequence similarity of 94.9 %. Phylogenetic analysis showed that strain NIO-S10T was clustered with members of the genus Tumebacillus and together with members of the genus Effusibacillus. Based on phenotypic characteristics and phylogenetic inference, strain NIO-S10T represents a novel species of the genus Tumebacillus, for which the name Tumebacillus lipolyticus sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is NIO-S10T ( = KCTC 32289T = MTCC 12483T).

  7. Bacillus glycinifermentans sp. nov., isolated from fermented soybean paste.

    PubMed

    Kim, Soo-Jin; Dunlap, Christopher A; Kwon, Soon-Wo; Rooney, Alejandro P

    2015-10-01

    Two independent isolates of a Gram-stain-positive, facultatively anaerobic, motile, rod-shaped bacterium were recovered from cheonggukjang, a Korean fermented soybean paste food product. Preliminary sequencing analysis of the 16S rRNA gene indicated that these strains were related most closely to Bacillus sonorensis KCTC-13918T and Bacillus licheniformis DSM 13T. In phenotypic characterization, the novel strains were found to grow between 15 and 55 °C and to tolerate up to 8 % (w/v) NaCl. Furthermore, the strains grew in media of pH 5-10 (optimal growth at pH 7.0). The predominant cellular fatty acids were anteiso-C15 : 0 and iso-C15 : 0.The isoprenoid quinone was menaquinone 7 (MK-7). The cell-wall peptidoglycan contained meso-diaminopimelic acid. The major polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine and an unknown glycolipid. Draft genomes of the two strains were determined and in silico DNA-DNA hybridizations with their nearest neighbour (B. sonorensis KCTC-13918T) revealed 29.9 % relatedness for both strains. Phylogenomic analysis of the genomes was conducted with the core genome (799 genes) of all strains in the Bacillus subtilis group and the two strains formed a distinct monophyletic cluster. In addition, the strains differed from the two most closely related species in that they did not metabolize maltose, d-galactose, d-sorbitol or d-gluconic acid. The DNA G+C content was 45.9 mol%. Based upon the consensus of phylogenetic and phenotypic analyses, these strains represent a novel species of the genus Bacillus, for which the name Bacillus glycinifermentans sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is GO-13T ( = KACC 18425T = NRRL B-65291T).

  8. Tenacibaculum litoreum sp. nov., isolated from tidal flat sediment.

    PubMed

    Choi, Dong Han; Kim, Yoon-Gon; Hwang, Chung Yeon; Yi, Hana; Chun, Jongsik; Cho, Byung Cheol

    2006-03-01

    A rod-shaped bacterium, designated CL-TF13T, was isolated from a tidal flat in Ganghwa, Korea. Analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequence revealed an affiliation with the genus Tenacibaculum. The sequence similarities between CL-TF13T and type strains of members of the genus Tenacibaculum were from 94.2 to 97.4%. Cells were motile by means of gliding. Strain CL-TF13T grew on solid medium as pale-yellow colonies with an irregular spreading edge. The strain was able to grow in NaCl at a range of 3-5%. They grew within a temperature range of 5-40 degrees C and at pH range of 6-10. The major fatty acids were summed feature 3 (C(16:1)omega7c and/or iso-C(15:0) 2-OH, 19.6%), iso-C(15:0) (18.8%) and iso-C(17:0) 3-OH (13.6%). Fatty acids such as C(18:3)omega6c (6,9,12) (1.5%) and summed feature 4 (iso I- and/or anteiso B-C(17:1), 1.3%) were uniquely found in minor quantities in CL-TF13T among Tenacibaculum species. The DNA G + C content was 30 mol%. According to physiological data, fatty-acid composition and 16S rRNA gene sequence, CL-TF13T could be assigned to the genus Tenacibaculum but distinguished from the recognized species of the genus. Therefore, strain CL-TF13T (= KCCM 42115T = JCM 13039T) represents a novel species, for which the name Tenacibaculum litoreum sp. nov. is proposed.

  9. Actinomadura rayongensis sp. nov., isolated from peat swamp forest soil.

    PubMed

    Phongsopitanun, Wongsakorn; Tanasupawat, Somboon; Suwanborirux, Khanit; Ohkuma, Moriya; Kudo, Takuji

    2015-03-01

    A novel actinomycete strain RY35-68(T), isolated from a peat swamp forest soil sample in Rayong Province, Thailand, was characterized using a polyphasic approach. The strain belonged to the genus Actinomadura based on morphological and chemotaxonomic characteristics. Cell-wall analysis revealed the presence of meso-diaminopimelic acid and N-acetylmuramic acid in the peptidoglycan layer. The diagnostic sugar in whole-cell hydrolysates was identified as madurose. The predominant menaquinones were MK-9(H6), MK-9(H8) and MK-9(H4). The major cellular fatty acids were C16 : 0 and iso-C16 : 0. The major polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylinositol and phosphatidylinositol mannoside. The genomic DNA G+C content was 73.7 mol%. On the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity analysis, strain RY35-68(T) was closely related to the species Actinomadura atramentaria JCM 6250(T) (97.5 %). The value of DNA-DNA relatedness between strain RY35-68(T) and A. atramentaria JCM 6250(T) was 37.6-42.6 %. On the basis of its phenotypic characteristics and these results mentioned, this strain could be distinguished from the closely related type strain and represents a novel species of the genus Actinomadura, for which the name Actinomadura rayongensis sp. nov. (type strain RY35-68(T) = JCM 19830(T) = TISTR 2211(T) = PCU 332(T)) is proposed.

  10. Terrabacter lapilli sp. nov., an actinomycete isolated from stone.

    PubMed

    Lee, Jeong-Eon; Seo, Jae Pyo; Lee, Dong Wan; Ko, Young-Hwan; Lee, Soon Dong

    2008-05-01

    A novel actinomycete, designated strain LR-26T, was isolated from a small stone collected from an agricultural field in Jeju, Republic of Korea. Cells of the organism were strictly aerobic, Gram-positive, non-motile, short rods. Colonies were bright yellow, circular, smooth and translucent. The organism was characterized chemotaxonomically as having ll-diaminopimelic acid in the cell wall, MK-8(H4) as major menaquinone, a polar lipid profile including diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylinositol and unknown phospholipids, iso-C15 : 0 as the predominant fatty acid and a DNA G+C content of 72.6 mol%. Comparative 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis showed that the organism was related to the genera Intrasporangium, Terracoccus and Terrabacter within the family Intrasporangiaceae. The closest phylogenetic relatives of strain LR-26T were the type strains of Terrabacter terrae (99.4 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity), Terrabacter aerolatus (99.3 %) and Terrabacter tumescens (99.3 %). DNA-DNA hybridization experiments showed that strain LR-26T shared low levels of DNA-DNA relatedness with Terrabacter terrae LMG 22921T (17.6 and 22.8 % from reciprocal experiments) and with Terrabacter tumescens IMSNU 21313T (27.6 and 34.9 %). The phenotypic data and low levels of DNA-DNA relatedness readily distinguished strain LR-26T from the type strains of recognized species of the genus Terrabacter, and showed that it therefore represents a novel species. The name Terrabacter lapilli sp. nov. is proposed for this novel actinomycete. The type strain is LR-26T (=JBRI 2002T =KCTC 19199T =DSM 18583T).

  11. Mesorhizobium helmanticense sp. nov., isolated from Lotus corniculatus nodules.

    PubMed

    Marcos-García, Marta; Menéndez, Esther; Ramírez-Bahena, Marta Helena; Mateos, Pedro F; Peix, Álvaro; Velazquez, Encarna; Rivas, Raúl

    2017-07-01

    In this study, three strains belonging to the genus Mesorhizobium, CSLC115NT, CSLC19N and CSLC37N, isolated from Lotus corniculatus nodules in Spain, were characterized. Their 16S rRNA gene sequences were closely related to those of Mesorhizobium metallidurans STM 2683T, Mesorhizobium tianshanense A-1BST, Mesorhizobium tarimense CCBAU 83306T, Mesorhizobium gobiense CCBAU 83330T and Mesorhizobium caraganae CCBAU 11299T with similarity values higher than 99.7 %. The analysis of concatenated recA and glnII genes showed that the most closely related type strains were M. metallidurans STM 2683T, M. tianshanense A-1BST and M. tarimense CCBAU 83306T with 96, 95 and 94 % similarity values in the recA gene and 95, 94 and 94 % in the glnII gene, respectively. M. metallidurans LMG 24485T, M. tianshanense USDA 3592T and M. tarimense LMG 24338T showed means of 44, 41 and 42 % DNA-DNA relatedness, respectively, with respect to strain CSLC115NT. The major fatty acids were those from summed feature 8 (C18 : 1ω7c/C18 : 1ω6c), C16 : 0 and C18 : 1ω7c 11-methyl. The results of phenotypic characterization support that the L. corniculatus nodulating strains analysed in this work belong to a novel species of the genus Mesorhizobium for which the name Mesorhizobium helmanticense sp. nov. is proposed, and the type strain is CSLC115NT (= LMG 29734T=CECT 9168T).

  12. Massilia violacea sp. nov., isolated from riverbank soil.

    PubMed

    Embarcadero-Jiménez, Salvador; Peix, Álvaro; Igual, José Mariano; Rivera-Orduña, Flor N; Tao Wang, En

    2016-02-01

    A bacterial strain designated CAVIOT was isolated during the course of a study of culturable bacteria in a riverbank soil sample from Tlaxcala, Mexico. The strain was subjected to a polyphasic taxonomic characterization. Strain CAVIOT was aerobic, Gram-stain-negative, non-spore-forming and rod-shaped. Colonies grown on R2A agar at 28 °C were pale violet, mucoid, rounded, smooth and glossy. The strain was motile and catalase- and oxidase-positive, and maximum growth temperature was 35 °C. Strain CAVIOT was classified within the genus Massilia as its 16S rRNA gene sequence was closely related to those of Massilia umbonata LP01T (97.5 % similarity), Massilia dura 16T (97.2 %) and Massilia plicata 76T (97.1 %). The predominant respiratory quinone was Q8. The major fatty acids were summed feature 3 (C16 : 1ω7c/C16 : 1ω6c), C16 : 0 and summed feature 8 (C18 : 1ω7c/C18 : 1ω6c). The predominant polar lipids were phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, diphosphatidylglycerol and an unknown phospholipid. The DNA G+C content was 65.0 mol% (Tm). DNA-DNA hybridization results showed values below 25 % with respect to the type strains of the closest related species. Therefore, strain CAVIOT can be differentiated from previously described species of the genus Massilia and represents a novel species, for which the name Massilia violacea sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is CAVIOT ( = CECT 8897T = LMG 28941T).

  13. Leucobacter ruminantium sp. nov., isolated from the bovine rumen.

    PubMed

    Chun, Byung Hee; Lee, Hyo Jung; Jeong, Sang Eun; Schumann, Peter; Jeon, Che Ok

    2017-08-01

    A Gram-stain-positive, lemon yellow-pigmented, non-motile, rod-shaped bacterium, designated strain A2T, was isolated from the rumen of cow. Cells were catalase-positive and weakly oxidase-positive. Growth of strain A2T was observed at 25-45 °C (optimum, 37-40 °C), at pH 5.5-9.5 (optimum, pH 7.5) and in the presence of 0-3.5 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 1 %). Strain A2T contained iso-C16 : 0 and anteiso-C15 : 0 as the major cellular fatty acids. Menaquinone-11 was detected as the sole respiratory quinone. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain A2T formed a distinct phyletic lineage within the genus Leucobacter. Strain A2T was most closely related to 'Leucobacter margaritiformis' A23 (97.7 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity) and Leucobacter tardus K 70/01T (97.2 %). The major polar lipids of strain A2T were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol and an unknown glycolipid. Strain A2T contained a B-type cross-linked peptidoglycan based on 2,4-diaminobutyric acid as the diagnostic diamino acid with threonine, glycine, alanine and glutamic acid but lacking 4-aminobutyric acid. The G+C content of the genomic DNA was 67.0 %. From the phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and molecular features, strain A2T was considered to represent a novel species of the genus Leucobacter, for which the name Leucobacter ruminantium sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is A2T (=KACC 17571T=JCM 19316T).

  14. Pantoea theicola sp. nov., isolated from black tea.

    PubMed

    Kato Tanaka, Yuko; Horie, Nobuhiro; Mochida, Kaoru; Yoshida, Yoshihiro; Okugawa, Eri; Nanjo, Fumio

    2015-10-01

    A Gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic strain was isolated from black tea. On the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity comparisons, strain QC88-366T was grouped into the genus Pantoea, being related most closely to the type strains of Pantoea gaviniae (98.5 %) and Pantoea calida (98.3 %); sequence similarities were ≤ 97.0 % to the type strains of other species of the genus Pantoea. Multilocus sequence analysis based on partial sequences of the gyrB, rpoB, infB and atpD genes also revealed P. gaviniae and P. calida as the closest phylogenetic relatives. The fatty acid profile showed the major fatty acids of strain QC88-366T were C16 : 0, C16 : 1 and C18 : 1, the same as those of its closest related species. However, the ratio of C16 : 1, C17 : 0 cyclo, C18 : 1 and C18 : 2 differed slightly compared with those of the related neighbours. In addition, the results of physiological and biochemical tests also allowed the phenotypic differentiation of strain QC88-366T from its closest phylogenetic neighbours. The G+C content of the DNA was 57.2 mol%. Strain QC88-366T therefore represents a novel species of the genus Pantoea, for which the name Pantoea theicola sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is QC88-366T ( = DSM 29212T = NBRC 110557T).

  15. Chitinophaga qingshengii sp. nov., isolated from weathered rock surface.

    PubMed

    Cheng, Cheng; Wang, Qi; He, Lin-Yan; Huang, Zhi; Sheng, Xia-Fang

    2015-01-01

    A novel mineral-weathering bacterium was isolated from weathered rock (potassic trachyte) surfaces collected from Nanjing (Jiangsu, PR China). Cells of strain JN246(T) were Gram-stain-negative, rod-shaped and non-motile. Strain JN246(T) was aerobic, catalase- and oxidase-positive, and grew optimally at 28 °C and pH 7.0. On the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, strain JN246(T) belonged to the genus Chitinophaga and the closest phylogenetic relatives were Chitinophaga eiseniae YC6729(T) (98.5% 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity), Chitinophaga terrae KP01(T) (96.8%), and Chitinophaga jiangningensis JN53(T) (96.3 %). The major respiratory quinone was MK-7 and the major polyamine was homospermidine. The major fatty acids were iso-C15:0, C16:1ω5c, C16:0 and iso-C17:0 3-OH. The polar lipid profile of strain JN246(T) consisted of phosphatidylethanolamine, unknown aminolipids and unknown lipids. The genomic DNA G+C content of strain JN246(T) was 48.8 mol%. Based on the low level of DNA-DNA relatedness of strain JN246(T) (ranging from 22.6% to 42.4%) to the type strains of other species of the genus Chitinophaga and unique phenotypic characteristics, strain JN246(T) represents a novel species of the genus Chitinophaga, for which the name Chitinophaga qingshengii sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is JN246(T) ( = CCTCC AB 2014201(T) = JCM 30026(T)).

  16. Dactylosporangium darangshiense sp. nov., isolated from rock soil.

    PubMed

    Seo, Seong Hae; Lee, Soon Dong

    2010-06-01

    A novel actinomycete was isolated from soil of a rock surface collected from the peak of Darangshi Oreum (Small Mountain) in Jeju, Republic of Korea. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences demonstrated that strain DLS-44(T) belonged to the genus Dactylosporangium, with the type strains of Dactylosporangium roseum (99.1 % sequence similarity) and Dactylosporangium fulvum (99.0 %) as the nearest phylogenetic relatives. Substrate mycelium was abundant, irregularly branched, twisted and vivid orange-yellow in colour. Aerial mycelium was not produced on most media tested. Finger-shaped sporangia and globose bodies were formed directly from the vegetative mycelium. The combination of morphological and chemotaxonomic characteristics supported assignment of the actinomycete to the genus Dactylosporangium. Strain DLS-44(T) could be distinguished clearly from all type strains of the genus based on its physiological properties (utilization of methyl alpha-d-mannoside and glycerol, nitrate reduction and growth at 20 degrees C and pH 9.1) and some chemotaxonomic characteristics (absence of unsaturated fatty acids). DNA-DNA relatedness values between strain DLS-44(T) and its closest phylogenetic relatives were 12.2-14.8 % with D. roseum DSM 43916(T) and 2.5-3.6 % with D. fulvum IMSNU 22055(T). On the basis of phenotypic, phylogenetic and DNA-DNA hybridization data, strain DLS-44(T) represents a novel species of the genus Dactylosporangium, for which the name Dactylosporangium darangshiense sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is strain DLS-44(T) (=KCTC 19560(T) =DSM 45260(T)).

  17. Rhizobium alvei sp. nov., isolated from a freshwater river.

    PubMed

    Sheu, Shih-Yi; Huang, Hsing-Wei; Young, Chiu-Chung; Chen, Wen-Ming

    2015-02-01

    A bacterial strain designated TNR-22(T) was isolated from a freshwater river in Taiwan and characterized using a polyphasic taxonomic approach. Cells of strain TNR-22(T) were facultatively anaerobic, Gram-stain-negative, rod-shaped, motile by a single polar flagellum and formed cream-coloured colonies. Growth occurred at 4-45 °C (optimum, 25-30 °C), with 0-1.0 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 0.5 %) and at pH 7.0-8.0 (optimum, pH 7.0). Strain TNR-22(T) did not form nodules on Macroptilium atropurpureum. The nifH gene encoding denitrogenase reductase was not detected by PCR. The major fatty acids (>10 %) of strain TNR-22(T) were C18 : 1ω7c and C16 : 0. The DNA G+C content was 60.3 mol%. The polar lipid profile consisted of a mixture of phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine, diphosphatidylglycerol, an uncharacterized aminoglycolipid and an uncharacterized phospholipid. Comparative analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain TNR-22(T) constituted a distinct branch within the genus Rhizobium, showing the highest level of sequence similarity with Rhizobium rosettiformans W3(T) (96.3 %). Phenotypic characteristics of the novel strain also differed from those of the most closely related species of the genus Rhizobium. On the basis of the genotypic, chemotaxonomic and phenotypic data, strain TNR-22(T) represents a novel species in the genus Rhizobium, for which the name Rhizobium alvei sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is TNR-22(T) ( = BCRC 80408(T) = LMG 26895(T) = KCTC 23919(T)).

  18. Rhizobium rhizoryzae sp. nov., isolated from rice roots.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Xiao-Xia; Tang, Xue; Sheirdil, Rizwan Ali; Sun, Lei; Ma, Xiao-Tong

    2014-04-01

    Two strains (J3-AN59(T) and J3-N84) of Gram-stain-negative, aerobic and rod-shaped bacteria were isolated from the roots of fresh rice plants. The 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity results showed that the similarity between strains J3-AN59(T) and J3-N84 was 100 %. Both strains were phylogenetically related to members of the genus Rhizobium, and they were most closely related to Rhizobium tarimense ACCC 06128(T) (97.43 %). Similarities in the sequences of housekeeping genes between strains J3-AN59(T) and J3-N84 and those of recognized species of the genus Rhizobium were less than 90 %. The polar lipid profiles of both strains were predominantly composed of phosphatidylglycerol, diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylcholine and an unknown aminophospholipid. The major cellular fatty acids were summed feature 8 (C18 : 1ω7c and/or C18 : 1ω6c) and C16 : 0. The DNA G+C contents of J3-AN59(T) and J3-N84 were 55.7 and 57.1 mol%, respectively. The DNA-DNA relatedness value between J3-AN59(T) and J3-N84 was 89 %, and strain J3-AN59(T) showed 9 % DNA-DNA relatedness to R. tarimense ACCC 06128(T), the most closely related strain. Based on this evidence, we found that J3-AN59(T) and J3-N84 represent a novel species in the genus Rhizobium and we propose the name Rhizobium rhizoryzae sp. nov. The type strain is J3-AN59(T) ( = ACCC 05916(T) = KCTC 23652(T)).

  19. Citreicella marina sp. nov., isolated from deep-sea sediment.

    PubMed

    Lai, Qiliang; Fu, Yuanyuan; Wang, Jianning; Chen, Shuangxi; Zhong, Huanzi; Sun, Fengqin; Shao, Zongze

    2011-04-01

    A taxonomic study was carried out on a novel strain, designated CK-I3-6(T), which was isolated from deep-sea sediment of the south-west Indian Ocean Ridge. Cells were Gram-reaction-negative, oxidase- and catalase-positive, rod-shaped and non-motile. Growth was observed at 4-38 °C and in 1-12 % (w/v) NaCl. Cells were able to degrade gelatin and oxidize thiosulfate but did not reduce nitrate. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain CK-I3-6(T) belonged to the genus Citreicella with a sequence similarity of 97.3 % to Citreicella thiooxidans CHLG 1(T), while similarities with other taxa were <95.7 %. DNA-DNA hybridization showed that strain CK-I3-6(T) and C. thiooxidans CHLG 1(T) showed a low DNA-DNA relatedness (48±3 %). The principal fatty acids were C(16 : 0) (7.8 %), C(18 : 1)ω7c (66.6 %), summed feature 3 (C(16 : 1)ω6c and/or C(16 : 1)ω7c; 6.3 %) and C(19 : 0)ω8c cyclo (10.0 %). The chromosomal DNA G+C content was 67.5 mol%. On the basis of the combined genotypic and phenotypic data, strain CK-I3-6(T) represents a novel species of the genus Citreicella, for which the name Citreicella marina sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is CK-I3-6(T) ( = CCTCC AB 209064(T)  = LMG 25230(T)  = MCCC 1A03060(T)).

  20. Nitrincola nitratireducens sp. nov. isolated from a haloalkaline crater lake.

    PubMed

    Singh, Aditya; Vaidya, Bhumika; Tanuku, Naga Radha Srinivas; Pinnaka, Anil Kumar

    2015-12-01

    The novel, cream coloured, Gram-negative-staining, rod-shaped, motile bacteria, designated strains AK23(T) and AK28, were isolated from sediment samples collected from Lonar Lake, Buldhana district, India. The predominant fatty acids were C18:1ω7c, C16:0, C10:0 3OH and C16:1ω7c and/or iso-C15:0 2OH (summed feature 3). Polar lipid content of strains AK23(T) and AK28 were found to be phosphatidylethanolamine (PE), phosphatidylglycerol (PG), phosphotidylserine (PS), one unidentified phospholipid (PL) and two unidentified lipids (L1 and L2). The 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis indicated strains AK23(T) and AK28 as the members of the genus Nitrincola and closely related to the type strain Nitrincola lacisaponensis with pair-wise sequence similarity of 97.67% and 97.62% respectively. DNA-DNA hybridization between strain AK23(T) and AK28 showed a relatedness of 91%. Genome of strains AK23(T) and N. lacisaponensis DSM 16316(T) were sequenced. A comparative genomics approach was used to study strains AK23(T), N. lacisaponensis DSM 16316(T) and five other phylogenetic neighbours. The genome size of N. lacisaponensis DSM 16316(T) was found to be 614,784bp smaller than that of the strain AK23(T). This variation could be due to multiple reasons, gene uptake, evolution, mutation, genome reduction phenomenon and draft nature of sequencing. Based on data from the current polyphasic study, strains AK23(T) and AK28 are proposed as novel species of the genus Nitrincola, for which the name Nitrincola nitratireducens sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain of N. nitratireducens is AK23(T) (=JCM 18788(T)=MTCC 11628(T)).

  1. Halovenus rubra sp. nov., isolated from salted brown alga Laminaria.

    PubMed

    Han, Dong; Zhang, Wen-Jiao; Cui, Heng-Lin; Li, Zheng-Rong

    2015-01-01

    Halophilic archaeal strain R28(T) was isolated from the brown alga Laminaria produced at Dalian, Liaoning Province, China. The cells of the strain were pleomorphic and lysed in distilled water, stained Gram-negative, and formed red-pigmented colonies. Strain R28(T) was able to grow at 25-50 °C (optimum 42 °C), in the presence of 3.1-5.1 M NaCl (optimum 3.9 M NaCl), with 0.005-1.0 M MgCl(2) (optimum 0.01 M MgCl(2)) and at pH 6.0-9.5 (optimum pH 7.0-7.5). The minimal NaCl concentration to prevent cell lysis was 15 % (w/v). The major polar lipids of the strain were identified as phosphatidic acid, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol phosphate methyl ester, and two glycolipids chromatographically identical to those of Halovenus aranensis CGMCC 1.11001(T). The 16S rRNA gene and rpoB' gene of strain R28(T) were phylogenetically related to the corresponding genes of Hvn. aranensis CGMCC 1.11001(T) (91.9-97.2 and 82.9 % nucleotide identity, respectively). The DNA G+C content of strain R28(T) was determined to be 56.3 mol%. The phenotypic, chemotaxonomic, and phylogenetic properties suggest that strain R28(T) (=CGMCC 1.10592(T) = JCM 17269(T)) represents a novel species of the genus Halovenus, for which the name Halovenus rubra sp. nov. is proposed.

  2. Spirosoma arcticum sp. nov., isolated from high Arctic glacial till.

    PubMed

    Chang, Xulu; Jiang, Fan; Wang, Tao; Kan, Wenjing; Qu, Zhihao; Ren, Lvzhi; Fang, Chengxiang; Peng, Fang

    2014-07-01

    A novel orange-pigmented strain, designated R2-35(T), was isolated from a glacier till near Ny-Alesund, Svalbard Archipelago, Norway. The cells were aerobic, Gram-negative, rod-shaped and sometimes filamentous. Growth occurred at 4-28 °C (optimum, 20 °C), at pH 7.0-9.0 (optimum, pH 8.0) and with 0-1% NaCl. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain R2-35(T) belonged to the genus Spirosoma with sequence similarity to related species ranging from 91.65 to 95.19%. Strain R2-35(T) contained C16 : 0 (10.7%), C18 : 0 (9.2%), C16 : 1ω5c (16.5%) and summed feature 3 (C16 : 1ω6c and/or C16 : 1ω7c) (24.6%) as the major cellular fatty acids, MK-7 as the major respiratory quinone, and phosphatidylethanolamine as the main polar lipid. The DNA G+C content of strain R2-35(T) was 54.9 mol%. On the basis of phylogenetic, physiological and chemotaxonomic data, strain R2-35(T) is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Spirosoma, for which the name Spirosoma arcticum sp. nov., is proposed, The type strain is R2-35(T) ( = CCTCC AB 2012849(T) = LMG 28141(T)).

  3. Hymenobacter arcticus sp. nov., isolated from glacial till.

    PubMed

    Chang, Xulu; Zheng, Jingli; Jiang, Fan; Liu, Ping; Kan, Wenjing; Qu, Zhihao; Fang, Chengxiang; Peng, Fang

    2014-06-01

    A novel, red-pink-pigmented strain, designated R2-4(T), was isolated from a till sample near Ny-Alesund, Svalbard Archipelago, Norway. Cells were aerobic, Gram-stain-negative and rod-shaped. Growth occurred at 4-30 °C (optimum, 20-22 °C), at pH 6.0-9.0 (optimum, pH 7.0) and with 0-1% NaCl added to R2A agar. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain R2-4(T) belonged to the genus Hymenobacter. 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity between strain R2-4(T) and the type strains of related species of the genus ranged from 94.51 to 96.05%. Strain R2-4(T) contained iso-C(15 : 0), anteiso-C(15 : 0), summed feature 3 (C(16 : 1)ω6c and/or C(16 : 1)ω7c), summed feature 4 (C(17 : 1) anteiso B and/or iso I) and C(16 : 1)ω5c as the major cellular fatty acids, MK-7 as the major respiratory quinone, and phosphatidylethanolamine, unknown aminophospholipids, unknown aminolipids and unknown lipids as the main polar lipids. The polyamine was sym-homospermidine. The DNA G+C content of strain R2-4(T) was 61.6 mol%. On the basis of phylogenetic, physiological and chemotaxonomic data, strain R2-4(T) is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Hymenobacter, for which the name Hymenobacter arcticus sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is R2-4(T) ( = CCTCC AB 2012104(T) = KACC 16881(T)).

  4. Subsaxibacter arcticus sp. nov., isolated from Arctic intertidal sand.

    PubMed

    Xu, Fei; Zhang, Xi-Ying; Liu, Chang; Shi, Mei; Su, Hai-Nan; Qin, Qi-Long; Chen, Xiu-Lan; Zhang, Yu-Zhong; Song, Xiao-Yan

    2016-01-01

    A Gram-negative, orange-pigmented, aerobic, non-flagellated, rod-shaped bacterium, designated strain SM1214T, was isolated from Arctic intertidal sand collected from Kongsfjorden, Svalbard. The strain grew at 10-30 °C and with 0.5-5 % (w/v) NaCl. It hydrolysed casein and aesculin but did not reduce nitrate to nitrite. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain SM1214T was affiliated with the genus Subsaxibacter in the family Flavobacteriaceae, exhibiting 96.7 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity to the type strain of Subsaxibacter broadyi, the only recognized species of the genus. The major cellular fatty acids of strain SM1214T were iso-C15 : 0, iso-C17 : 0 3-OH, iso-C15 : 1 G, C15 : 0, summed feature 3 (C16 : 1ω7c and/or iso-C15 : 0 2-OH), anteiso-C15 : 0 and C17 : 0 2-OH. The genomic DNA G+C content of the strain was 35.4 mol%. On the basis of the polyphasic analysis performed in this study, strain SM1214T represents a novel species of the genus Subsaxibacter, for which the name Subsaxibacter arcticus sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is SM1214T ( = JCM 30334T = CCTCC AB 2014245T).

  5. Brachybacterium aquaticum sp. nov., a novel actinobacterium isolated from seawater.

    PubMed

    Kaur, Gurwinder; Kumar, Narender; Mual, Poonam; Kumar, Anand; Kumar, Rajendran Mathan; Mayilraj, Shanmugam

    2016-11-01

    A pale-yellowish bacterium, strain KWS-1T, was isolated from seawater during a study of the bacterial diversity of the marine environment of the Kanyakumari coastal region of the Bay of Bengal, India, and was studied by using a polyphasic taxonomic approach. Strain KWS-1T had morphological and chemotaxonomic properties (cell-wall diamino acid, menaquinone and fatty acid profile) consistent with its classification in the genus Brachybacterium. Phylogenetic analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequence showed that strain KWS-1T was related most closely to Brachybacterium paraconglomeratum JCM 17781T, followed by Brachybacterium saurashtrense DSM 23186T, Brachybacterium gingengisoli JCM 19356T, Brachybacterium faecium JCM 11609T and Brachybacterium conglomeratum JCM 11608T (98.45, 98.24, 98.12, 98.10 and 98.10 % similarity, respectively), whereas the sequence similarity values with respect to the other Brachybacterium species with validly published names were between 97.4 and 94.2 %. However, the DNA-DNA hybridization values between strain KWS-1T and the five most closely related species were less than the threshold value for species discrimination. The major lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol and phosphatidylserine and the major quinone was menaquinone MK-7. The DNA G+C content of strain KWS-1T was 71.8 mol%. The above data in combination with the phenotypic distinctiveness of strain KWS-1T from other reference strains clearly indicate that the strain represents a novel species, for which the name Brachybacterium aquaticum sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is KWS-1T (=MTCC 11836T=DSM 28796T=JCM 30059T).

  6. Sulfitobacter undariae sp. nov., isolated from a brown algae reservoir.

    PubMed

    Park, Sooyeon; Jung, Yong-Taek; Won, Sung-Min; Park, Ji-Min; Yoon, Jung-Hoon

    2015-05-01

    A Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, non-spore-forming, non-flagellated and coccoid, ovoid or rod-shaped bacterial strain, W-BA2(T), was isolated from a brown algae reservoir in Wando of South Korea. Strain W-BA2(T) grew optimally at 25 °C, at pH 7.0-8.0 and in the presence of approximately 2.0-3.0% (w/v) NaCl. Phylogenetic trees based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain W-BA2(T) fell within the clade comprising the type strains of species of the genus Sulfitobacter , clustering coherently with the type strains of Sulfitobacter donghicola and Sulfitobacter guttiformis showing sequence similarity values of 98.0-98.1%. Sequence similarities to the type strains of the other species of the genus Sulfitobacter were 96.0-97.4%. Strain W-BA2(T) contained Q-10 as the predominant ubiquinone and C18 : 1ω7c as the major fatty acid. The major polar lipids of strain W-BA2(T) were phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, one unidentified aminolipid and one unidentified lipid. The DNA G+C content of strain W-BA2(T) was 55.0 mol% and its DNA-DNA relatedness values with the type strains of Sulfitobacter donghicola , Sulfitobacter guttiformis and Sulfitobacter mediterraneus were 16-23%. The differential phenotypic properties, together with the phylogenetic and genetic distinctiveness, revealed that strain W-BA2(T) is separated from other species of the genus Sulfitobacter . On the basis of the data presented, strain W-BA2(T) is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Sulfitobacter, for which the name Sulfitobacter undariae sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is W-BA2(T) ( = KCTC 42200(T) = NBRC 110523(T)).

  7. Rhodovulum algae sp. nov., isolated from an algal mat.

    PubMed

    Ramaprasad, E V V; Tushar, L; Dave, Bharti; Sasikala, Ch; Ramana, Ch V

    2016-09-01

    A reddish-brown-pigmented, phototrophic bacterium, designated strain JA877T, was isolated from a brown algae mat sample collected from Jalandhar beach, Gujarat, India. On the basis of the 16S rRNA gene sequence, strain JA877T belongs to the class Alphaproteobacteria and is closely related to the type strains Rhodovulum viride JA756T (99.0 %), Rhodovulum sulfidophilum Hansen W4T (98.9 %), Rhodovulumvisakhapatnamense JA181T (98.8 %),Rhodovulum kholense JA297T (97.5 %) and Rhodovulum salis JA746T (97.0). However, strain JA877T showed only 20-45 % relatedness with its phylogenetic neighbours and had a ∆Tm between 5.8 and 7.0 °C. The major respiratory quinone was ubiquinone-10 (Q10), and the polar lipid profile was composed of the major components phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, an unidentified phospholipid, two unidentified sulfolipids and five unidentified lipids. The major fatty acids were C18 : 1ω5c, C18 : 1ω7c/C18 : 1ω6c, C16 : 0 and C18 : 0. The DNA G+C content was 64.5 mol%. On the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, physiological data, and chemotaxonomic and molecular differences, strain JA877T is significantly different from other species of the genus Rhodovulum and represents a novel species, for which the name Rhodovulum algae sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is JA877T (=LMG 29228T= KCTC 42963T).

  8. Kordia antarctica sp. nov., isolated from Antarctic seawater.

    PubMed

    Baek, Kiwoon; Choi, Ahyoung; Kang, Ilnam; Lee, Kiyoung; Cho, Jang-Cheon

    2013-10-01

    A Gram-staining-negative, chemoheterotrophic, yellow-pigmented, non-motile, flexirubin-negative, facultatively anaerobic bacterium, designated strain IMCC3317(T), was isolated from a coastal seawater sample from the Antarctic Penninsula. Optimal growth of strain IMCC3317(T) was observed at 20 °C, pH 8.0 and in the presence of 2-3 % NaCl. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain IMCC3317(T) belonged to the genus Kordia and was closely related to Kordia algicida OT-1(T) (96.7 % sequence similarity) and Kordia periserrulae IMCC1412(T) (96.1 % sequence similarity). The major fatty acids were 10-methyl C16 : 0 and/or iso-C16 : 1ω9c, iso-C17 : 0 3-OH, iso-C15 : 0 and anteiso-C15 : 0. The G+C content of the genomic DNA was 35.1 mol%. The strain contained menaquinone-6 (MK-6) as the respiratory quinone. The polar lipids detected in the strain were phosphatidylethanolamine and unknown aminophospholipids, aminolipids and polar lipids. On the basis of phylogenetic distinction and differential phenotypic characteristics, it is suggested that strain IMCC3317(T) ( = KCTC 32292(T) = NBRC 109401(T)) be assigned to the genus Kordia as the type strain of a novel species, for which the name Kordia antarctica sp. nov. is proposed.

  9. Escherichia marmotae sp. nov., isolated from faeces of Marmota himalayana.

    PubMed

    Liu, Sha; Jin, Dong; Lan, Ruiting; Wang, Yiting; Meng, Qiong; Dai, Hang; Lu, Shan; Hu, Shoukui; Xu, Jianguo

    2015-07-01

    The taxonomic position of a group of seven closely related lactose-negative enterobacterial strains, which were isolated from fresh faecal samples of Marmota himalayana collected from the Qinghai-Tibetan plateau, China, was determined by using a polyphasic approach. Cells were Gram-reaction-negative, non-sporulating, non-motile, short rods (0.5-1 × 1-2.5 μm). By 16S rRNA gene sequences, the representative strain, HT073016(T), showed highest similarity values with Escherichia fergusonii ATCC 35469(T) at 99.3%, Escherichia coli ATCC 11775(T) at 99.2%, Escherichia albertii LMG 20976(T) at 98.9%, Escherichia hermannii CIP 103176(T) at 98.4%, and Escherichia vulneris ATCC 33821(T) at 97.7%. Phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that the seven strains formed a monophyletic group with five other species of the genus Escherichia. Digital DNA-DNA hybridization studies between strain HT073016(T) and five other species of the genus Escherichia showed that it shared less than 70% DNA-DNA relatedness with all known species of the genus Escherichia, supporting the novel species status of the strain. The DNA G+C content of strain HT073016(T) was 53.8 mol%. On the basis of phenotypic and phylogenetic characteristics, strain HT073016(T) and the six other HT073016(T)-like strains were clearly distinct from the type strains of other recognized species of the genus Escherichia and represent a novel species of the genus Escherichia, for which the name Escherichia marmotae sp. nov. is proposed, with HT073016(T) ( = CGMCC 1.12862(T) = DSM 28771(T)) as the type strain.

  10. Acetobacter lambici sp. nov., isolated from fermenting lambic beer.

    PubMed

    Spitaels, Freek; Li, Leilei; Wieme, Anneleen; Balzarini, Tom; Cleenwerck, Ilse; Van Landschoot, Anita; De Vuyst, Luc; Vandamme, Peter

    2014-04-01

    An acetic acid bacterium, strain LMG 27439(T), was isolated from fermenting lambic beer. The cells were Gram-stain-negative, motile rods, catalase-positive and oxidase-negative. Analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequence revealed the strain was closely related to Acetobacter okinawensis (99.7 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity with the type strain of this species), A. ghanensis (99.6 %), A. syzygii (99.6 %), A. fabarum (99.4 %) and A. lovaniensis (99.2 %). DNA-DNA hybridization with the type strains of these species revealed moderate DNA-DNA hybridization values (31-45 %). Strain LMG 27439(T) was unable to grow on glycerol or methanol as the sole carbon source, on yeast extract with 10 % ethanol or on glucose-yeast extract medium at 37 °C. It did not produce acid from l-arabinose, d-galactose or d-mannose, nor did it produce 2-keto-d-gluconic acid, 5-keto-d-gluconic acid or 2,5-diketo-d-gluconic acid from d-glucose. It did not grow on ammonium as the sole nitrogen source and ethanol as the sole carbon source. These genotypic and phenotypic data distinguished strain LMG 27439(T) from established species of the genus Acetobacter, and therefore we propose this strain represents a novel species of the genus Acetobacter. The name Acetobacter lambici sp. nov. is proposed, with LMG 27439(T) ( = DSM 27328(T)) as the type strain.

  11. Massilia psychrophila sp. nov., isolated from an ice core.

    PubMed

    Guo, Bixi; Liu, Yongqin; Gu, Zhengquan; Shen, Liang; Liu, Keshao; Wang, Ningliang; Xing, Tingting; Liu, Hongcan; Zhou, Yuguang; Li, Jiule

    2016-10-01

    A Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped, motile bacterium, strain B1555-1T, was isolated from an ice core drilled from Ulugh Muztagh Glacier, China. The optimum growth temperature of strain B1555-1T was 15 °C and optimum pH was 7. The major fatty acids of strain B1555-1T were summed feature 3 (C16 : 1ω7c and/or C16 : 1ω6c), C16 : 0 and summed feature 8 (C18 : 1ω7c and/or C18 : 1ω6c). The predominant respiratory quinone was Q-8. The major polar lipids were phosphatidylethanolamine and phosphatidylglycerol. The DNA G+C content of strain B1555-1T was 66.0 mol%. In 16S rRNA gene sequence comparisons, strain B1555-1T was affiliated to the genus Massilia and shared 98.30 and 97.13 % similarity with Massilia eurypsychrophila B528-3T and Massilia niabensis 5420S-26T, respectively. The results of DNA-DNA hybridization revealed that strain B1555-1T showed 49.8 % relatedness with M. eurypsychrophila B528-3T and 38.5 % with M. niabensis 5420S-26T. Based on the genotypic and phenotypic evidence presented in this study, strain B1555-1T represents a novel species of the genus Massilia, for which the name Massilia psychrophila sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is B1555-1T (=CGMCC 1.15196T=JCM 30813T).

  12. Polaromonas eurypsychrophila sp. nov., isolated from an ice core.

    PubMed

    Xing, Tingting; Yao, Tandong; Liu, Yongqin; Wang, Ninglian; Xu, Bainqing; Shen, Liang; Gu, Zhengquan; Gu, Bixi; Liu, Hongcan; Zhou, Yuguang

    2016-07-01

    A Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped, beige bacterium, strain B717-2T, was isolated from an ice core drilled from Muztagh Glacier on the Tibetan Plateau, China. According to phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences, the novel strain was related most closely to Polaromonas vacuolataand shared 97.7 % similarity with the type strain of this species. It grew optimally at pH 7, at 15 °C and with 2 % (w/v) NaCl. Major polar lipids were phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol and diphosphatidylglycerol. The major fatty acids were summed feature 3 (C16 : 1ω7c and/or iso-C15 : 0 2-OH), summed feature 8 (C18 : 1ω7c, C18 : 1ω6c) and C16 : 0. The sole respiratory quinone was Q-8. The DNA G+C content was 63.4 mol %. In DNA-DNA hybridization tests, strain B717-2T shared 37.0±1.9, 30.0±1.7, 26.0±0.9, 23.4±0.5 and 18.4±1.9 % DNA-DNA relatedness with Polaromonas jejuensisJS12-13T, P. vacuolata 34-PT, Polaromonas aquatica CCUG 39402T, Polaromonas glacialisCr4-12T and Polaromonas cryoconitiCr4-35T, respectively. Based on the phenotypic, phylogenetic and genetic characteristics, strain B717-2T represents a novel species of the genus Polaromonas, for which the name Polaromonaseurypsychrophila sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is B717-2T (=CGMCC 1.15322T=JCM 31171T).

  13. Pseudomonas helmanticensis sp. nov., isolated from forest soil.

    PubMed

    Ramírez-Bahena, Martha-Helena; Cuesta, Maria José; Flores-Félix, José David; Mulas, Rebeca; Rivas, Raúl; Castro-Pinto, Joao; Brañas, Javier; Mulas, Daniel; González-Andrés, Fernando; Velázquez, Encarna; Peix, Alvaro

    2014-07-01

    A bacterial strain, OHA11(T), was isolated during the course of a study of phosphate-solubilizing bacteria occurring in a forest soil from Salamanca, Spain. The 16S rRNA gene sequence of strain OHA11(T) shared 99.1% similarity with respect to Pseudomonas baetica a390(T), and 98.9% similarity with the type strains of Pseudomonas jessenii, Pseudomonas moorei, Pseudomonas umsongensis, Pseudomonas mohnii and Pseudomonas koreensis. The analysis of housekeeping genes rpoB, rpoD and gyrB confirmed its phylogenetic affiliation to the genus Pseudomonas and showed similarities lower than 95% in almost all cases with respect to the above species. Cells possessed two polar flagella. The respiratory quinone was Q9. The major fatty acids were C16 : 0, C18 : 1ω7c and summed feature 3 (C16 : 1ω7c/iso-C15 : 0 2-OH). The strain was oxidase-, catalase- and urease-positive, positive for arginine dihydrolase but negative for nitrate reduction, β-galactosidase production and aesculin hydrolysis. It was able to grow at 31 °C and at pH 11. The DNA G+C content was 58.1 mol%. DNA-DNA hybridization results showed values lower than 49% relatedness with respect to the type strains of the seven closest related species. Therefore, the combined genotypic, phenotypic and chemotaxonomic data support the classification of strain OHA11(T) to a novel species of the genus Pseudomonas, for which the name Pseudomonas helmanticensis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is OHA11(T) ( = LMG 28168(T) = CECT 8548(T)).

  14. Tessaracoccus arenae sp. nov., isolated from sea sand.

    PubMed

    Thongphrom, Chutimon; Kim, Jong-Hwa; Bora, Nagamani; Kim, Wonyong

    2017-06-01

    A Gram-stain positive, non-spore-forming, non-motile, facultatively anaerobic bacterial strain, designated CAU 1319T, was isolated from sea sand and the strain's taxonomic position was investigated using a polyphasic approach. Strain CAU 1319T grew optimally at 30 °C and at pH 7.5 in the presence of 2 % (w/v) NaCl. Phylogenetic analysis, based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence, revealed that strain CAU 1319T belongs to the genus Tessaracoccus, and is closely related to Tessaracoccus lapidicaptus IPBSL-7T (similarity 97.69 %), Tessaracoccus bendigoensis Ben 106T (similarity 95.64 %) and Tessaracoccus flavescens SST-39T (similarity 95.84 %). Strain CAU 1319T had ll-diaminopimelic acid as the diagnostic diamino acid in the cell-wall peptidoglycan, MK-9 (H4) as the predominant menaquinone, and anteiso-C15 : 0 as the major fatty acid. The polar lipids consisted of phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylinositol, two unidentified aminolipids, three unidentified phospholipids and one unidentified glycolipid. Predominant polyamines were spermine and spermidine. The DNA-DNA hybridization value between strain CAU 1319T and T. lapidicaptus IPBSL-7T was 24 %±0.2. The DNA G+C content of the novel strain was 69.5 mol%. On the basis of phenotypic and chemotaxonomic properties, as well as phylogenetic relatedness, strain CAU 1319Tshould be classified as a novel species of the genus Tessaracoccus, for which the name Tessaracoccus arenae sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is CAU 1319T(=KCTC 39760T=NBRC 111973T).

  15. Nonomuraea rhodomycinica sp. nov., isolated from peat swamp forest soil.

    PubMed

    Sripreechasak, Paranee; Phongsopitanun, Wongsakorn; Supong, Khomsan; Pittayakhajonwut, Pattama; Kudo, Takuji; Ohkuma, Moriya; Tanasupawat, Somboon

    2017-06-01

    The taxonomic position of an actinomycete, strain NR4-ASC07T, isolated from a soil sample collected from Sirindhorn peat swamp forest, Narathiwat Province, Thailand, was clarified using a polyphasic approach. On the basis of morphological and chemotaxonomic characteristics, it was classified among the members of the genus Nonomuraea. It produced tightly closed spiral spore chains on aerial mycelium as well as forming a pseudosporangium. Whole-cell hydrolysates contained meso-diaminopimelic acid, glucose, ribose, madurose and mannose. The polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, hydroxyphosphatidylethanolamine, lyso-phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylinositol, phosphatidylinositol mannosides, unknown ninhydrin-positive phosphoglycolipids and unknown glycolipid. Menaquiones were MK-9(H4), MK-9(H0), MK-9(H2), MK-10(H4) and MK-9(H6). Predominant cellular fatty acids were iso-C16 : 0, C17 : 0 10-methyl, C16 : 0, C17 : 1ω8c, C16 : 0 2-OH and iso-C15 : 0. The phylogenetic tree reconstructed on the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that the strain fell within the clade containing Nonomuraea muscovyensis FMN03T, Nonomuraea roseoviolacea subsp. roseoviolaceaNBRC 14098T and Nonomuraea roseoviolacea subsp. carminataNBRC 15903T. The DNA-DNA relatedness and phenotypic data supported that strain NR4-ASC07T was clearly distinguished from the closely related species and represents a novel species of the genus Nonomuraea for which the name Nonomuraea rhodomycinica sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is NR4-ASC07T (=NBRC 112327T=TISTR 2465T).

  16. Sphingomonaszeicaulis sp. nov., an endophytic bacterium isolated from maize root.

    PubMed

    Gao, Jun-Lian; Sun, Pengbo; Wang, Xu-Ming; Cheng, Shoutao; Lv, Fanyang; Qiu, Tian-Lei; Yuan, Mei; Sun, Jian-Guang

    2016-09-01

    A novel Gram-staining-negative, aerobic and rod-shaped strain designated 541T was isolated from surface-sterilized root tissue of maize, collected from the Fangshan District of Beijing, People's Republic of China, and was subjected to a taxonomic study using a polyphasic approach. According to a phylogenetic tree based on 16S rRNA gene sequences, strain 541T represented a member of the genus Sphingomonas and clustered with Sphingomonas sanxanigenens DSM 19645T, with which it shared the highest 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity (98.8 %). The predominant respiratory quinone was ubiquinone-10 (Q-10), the major polyamine was sym-homospermidine and the major cellular fatty acids were C18 : 1ω7c (50.9 %), C16 : 0 (22.0 %) and C14 : 0 2-OH (11.4 %). The major polar lipids were phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine and sphingoglycolipid. The DNA G+C content was 64.7 mol%. DNA-DNA relatedness between strain 541T and its closest phylogenetic relative Sphingomonas sanxanigenens DSM 19645T was 50.8 %. The results of physiological and biochemical tests and the differences in the fatty acid profiles allowed a clear phenotypic differentiation of strain 541T from closely related species of the genus Sphingomonas. Strain 541T represents a novel species within the genus Sphingomonas, for which the nameSphingomonas zeicaulis sp. nov. is proposed, with the type strain 541T (=CGMCC 1.15008T=DSM 100587T).

  17. Alcaligenes endophyticus sp. nov., isolated from roots of Ammodendron bifolium.

    PubMed

    Lu, Chun-Yan; Li, Yu-Qian; Tian, Ye; Han, Ming-Xian; Narsing Rao, Manik Prabhu; Li, Yan-Ru; Zhu, Zhi-Nan; Wei, Da-Qiao; An, Deng-Di; Li, Wen-Jun

    2016-12-12

    A Gram-staining negative, rod-shaped, motile bacterium, designated AER10T, was isolated from roots of Ammodendron bifolium collected from Takeermohuer desert in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, north western China. Growth was found to occur from 10°C to 45°C, at pH 5.0-9.0 and could tolerate NaCl up to 10 % (w/v). 16S rRNA gene sequence result indicated that the strain AER10T belongs to the genus Alcaligenes and was closely related to Alcaligenes aquatilis (98.4 %), Alcaligenes faecalis subsp. parafaecalis (98.4 %), Alcaligenes faecalis subsp. faecalis (98.1 %) and Alcaligenes faecalis subsp. phenolicus (97.9 %). However, the DNA-DNA hybridization values between the strain AER10T and the above strains were less than the threshold value (below 70 %) for the delineation of genomic species. The DNA G+C content was 53.3 mol %. Ubiquinone-8 (Q-8) was the only quinone system present. The major fatty acid were summed feature 8 (C18:1ω7c, 25 %), C16:0 (24.2 %), summed feature 3 (C16:1ω7c /C16:1ω6c, 19.3 %) and cyclo-C17:0 (10.5 %). The polar lipid profile of the strain AER10T consist diphosphatidylglycerol (DPG), phosphatidylethanolamine (PE), phosphatidylglycerol (PG), phosphatidylserine (PS), two unidentified aminolipid (AL) and five unknown polar lipids (UL). On the basis of the evidence presented in this study, strain AER10T is a representative of a novel species in the genus Alcaligenes, for which the name Alcaligenes endophyticus sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is AER10T (=DSM 100498T=KCTC 42688T).

  18. Alicyclobacillus consociatus sp. nov., isolated from a human clinical specimen.

    PubMed

    Glaeser, Stefanie P; Falsen, Enevold; Martin, Karin; Kämpfer, Peter

    2013-10-01

    A Gram-stain-positive, aerobic organism, isolated from a blood sample from a 51-year-old woman, was studied for its taxonomic position. Based on 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity comparisons, strain CCUG 53762(T) was grouped into the genus Alicyclobacillus, most closely related to the type strain of Alicyclobacillus pohliae (94.7 %). The 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity to other species of the genus Alicyclobacillus was ≤91 % and similarity to species of the genus Tumebacillus was 91.3-93 %. The occurrence of menaquinone MK-7 as the major respiratory quinone, meso-diaminopimelic acid as the diagnostic diamino acid of the cell wall and the fatty acid profile supported the allocation of the strain to the genus Alicyclobacillus. Major fatty acids were iso- and anteiso-branched fatty acids. The polar lipid profile consisted of diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine and three unknown phospholipids. The absence of the iso-branched fatty acids iso-C16 : 0 and iso-C17 : 0 allowed differentiation of strain CCUG 53762(T) from A. pohliae CIP 109385(T). In addition, the results of physiological and biochemical tests also allowed phenotypic differentiation of strain CCUG 53762(T) from this most closely related species. The G+C content of the DNA was 47 mol%. Strain CCUG 53762(T) therefore represents a novel species of the genus Alicyclobacillus, for which we propose the name Alicyclobacillus consociatus sp. nov., with CCUG 53762(T) ( = CCM 8439(T)) as the type strain.

  19. Bacillus rigui sp. nov., isolated from wetland fresh water.

    PubMed

    Baik, Keun Sik; Lim, Chae Hong; Park, Seong Chan; Kim, Eun Mi; Rhee, Moon Soo; Seong, Chi Nam

    2010-09-01

    Two Gram-stain-positive strains, WPCB074(T) and WPCB165, were isolated from fresh water collected from the Woopo wetland (Republic of Korea). Both strains were strictly aerobic, motile, endospore-forming rods. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strains WPCB074(T) and WPCB165 belonged to the genus Bacillus and that strain WPCB074(T) was most closely related to Bacillus solisalsi YC1(T) (98.4 % sequence similarity), B. barbaricus V2-BIII-A2(T) (97.7 %), B. macauensis ZFHKF-1(T) (96.9 %), B. arsenicus Con a/3(T) (96.4 %) and B. gelatini LMG 21880(T) (95.1 %). The 16S rRNA gene sequences of strains WPCB074(T) and WPCB165 differed at one position (99.9 % similarity), suggesting that these two strains constitute a single species. DNA-DNA relatedness between strain WPCB074(T) and the type strains of B. solisalsi, B. barbaricus, B. macauensis, B. arsenicus and B. gelatini were 26, 17, 20, 14 and 7 %, respectively. Strain WPCB074(T) was characterized by having cell-wall peptidoglycan based on meso-diaminopimelic acid, MK-7 as the predominant menaquinone and iso-C(15 : 0) and anteiso-C(15 : 0) as the major fatty acids. The DNA G+C content of strain WPCB074(T) was 41.9 mol%. On the basis of phenotypic properties, phylogeny and genomic distinctiveness, strain WPCB074(T) represents a novel species of the genus Bacillus for which the name Bacillus rigui sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is WPCB074(T) (=KCTC 13278(T) =JCM 16348(T)).

  20. Uruburuella testudinis sp. nov., isolated from tortoise (Testudo).

    PubMed

    Kuhnert, Peter; Thomann, Andreas; Brodard, Isabelle; Haefeli, Willi; Korczak, Bożena M

    2015-04-01

    A polyphasic taxonomic analysis was carried out on 11 uncommon Gram-stain-negative, non-motile, catalase- and oxidase-positive, but indole-negative, bacterial strains isolated from tortoises. Phenotypically and genetically they represented a homogeneous group of organisms most closely related to, but distinct from, Uruburuella suis. In a reconstructed 16S rRNA gene tree they clustered on a monophyletic branch next to U. suis with gene similarities between strains of 99.5-100%, and of up to 98.2% with U. suis . DNA-DNA hybridization indicated the organisms represented a novel species with only 40% DNA-DNA similarity with U. suis . Partial sequencing of rpoB resulted in two subclusters confirming the 16S rRNA gene phylogeny; both genes allowed clear separation and identification of the novel species. Furthermore, they could be unambiguously identified by matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight MS, where, again, they formed a highly homogeneous cluster separate from U. suis and other members of the family Neisseriaceae . The major fatty acids were C(16 : 0) and summed feature C(16 : 1)ω7c/iso-C(15 : 0) 2-OH. The DNA G+C content was 54.4 mol%. Based on phenotypic and genetic data we propose classifying these organisms as representatives of a novel species named Uruburuella testudinis sp. nov. The type strain is 07_OD624(T) ( = DSM 26510(T) = CCUG 63373(T)).

  1. Micromonospora mangrovi sp. nov., isolated from mangrove soil.

    PubMed

    Xie, Qing-Yi; Ren, Jian; Li, Lei; Li, Yu; Deng, Zi-Xin; Hong, Kui

    2016-04-01

    A novel actinomycete strain 2803GPT1-18(T) was isolated from a composite mangrove soil sample collected from Beihai, Guangxi province, China. Phylogenetic analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequence of strain 2803GPT1-18(T) indicated high similarity with 'Micromonospora harpali' NEAU-JC6(T) (99.2 %), Micromonospora haikouensis 232617(T) (99.1 %), Micromonospora wenchangensis 2602GPT1-05(T) (99.1 %), Micromonospora schwarzwaldensis HKI0641(T) (99.1 %). The gyrB gene sequence analysis also indicated that strain 2803GPT1-18(T) should be assigned to the genus Micromonospora but different from any established Micromonospora species. The strain harbored meso-DAP and glycine as major cell wall amino acids, MK-10(H6) (53.5 %), MK-9(H6) (25.1 %) and MK-9(H4) (13.4 %) as predominant menaquinones. The characteristic whole cell sugars are arabinose, xylose, glucose, galactose and mannose. The polar lipid profile comprises phosphatidylethanolamine, diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylinositol and unidentified polar lipids. The major cellular fatty acids present are iso-C16:0 (44.2 %) and iso-C15:0 (12.4 %). The DNA G+C content is 71.2 mol%. Furthermore, a combination of DNA-DNA relatedness and some physiological and biochemical properties indicated that the novel strain could be readily distinguished from the closely related species. On the basis of these phenotypic and genotypic data, strain 2803GPT1-18(T) represents a novel species of the genus Micromonospora, for which the name Micromonospora mangrovi sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is 2803GPT1-18(T) (=CCTCC AA2012012(T) = DSM45761(T)).

  2. Actinomadura algeriensis sp. nov., an actinobacterium isolated from Saharan soil.

    PubMed

    Lahoum, Abdelhadi; Bouras, Noureddine; Mathieu, Florence; Schumann, Peter; Spröer, Cathrin; Klenk, Hans-Peter; Sabaou, Nasserdine

    2016-01-01

    During the course of a screening programme for new taxa of actinobacteria, a strain designated ACD1(T), was isolated from a Saharan soil in the Hoggar region (Algeria). The taxonomic position of this strain was determined using a polyphasic taxonomic approach. The strain was observed to form extensively branched, non-fragmenting substrate mycelium, and aerial mycelium with straight to flexuous, hooked and irregular spirals (1-2 turns) forming short chains of spores. The diamino acid present in the cell wall is meso-diaminopimelic acid. Galactose, glucose, madurose, mannose and ribose occur in whole-cell hydrolysates. The diagnostic phospholipids detected were diphosphatidylglycerol and phosphatidylinositol. The major menaquinones were identified as MK-9 (H4) and MK-9 (H2). The major fatty acids were found to be C16:0, C18:1 cis9, iso-C16:0 and 10-methyl C18:0. Phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene showed that the strain belongs to the genus Actinomadura, and is closely related to Actinomadura sediminis DSM 45500(T) (98.5 % similarity) and Actinomadura cremea subsp. cremea DSM 43676(T) (98.3 % similarity). However, DNA-DNA hybridization revealed only 48.0 % relatedness with A. sediminis DSM 45500(T) and 33.2 % relatedness with A. cremea subsp. cremea DSM 43676(T). The combined phenotypic and genotypic data showed that the strain represents a novel species of the genus Actinomadura, for which the name Actinomadura algeriensis sp. nov. is proposed, with the type strain ACD1(T) (= DSM 46744(T) = CECT 8841(T)).

  3. Actinophytocola algeriensis sp. nov., an actinobacterium isolated from Saharan soil.

    PubMed

    Bouznada, Khaoula; Bouras, Noureddine; Schumann, Peter; Spröer, Cathrin; Sabaou, Nasserdine; Klenk, Hans-Peter

    2016-05-04

    Throughout our investigations for new actinobacterial taxa, a new actinobacterial strain, designated MB20T, was isolated from a Saharan soil sample, collected in Mzab region (Ghardaïa province, South Algeria). In order to reveal its taxonomic position, the novel strain was characterized following a polyphasic taxonomic approach. It was noticed that strain MB20T produce white branched and fragmented substrate mycelium with no aerial mycelium on the most tested media. Chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic studies clearly demonstrated that the strain MB20T belonged to the family Pseudonocardiaceae and was closely related to the genus Actinophytocola. Cell-wall hydrolysates contained meso-diaminopimelic acid but not glycine, and whole-cell hydrolysates contained galactose, glucose and ribose. The diagnostic phospholipid was phosphatidylethanolamine. Mycolic acids were not detected while the predominant fatty acid was found to be iso-branched hexadecanoate (iso-C16 : 0). The major menaquinone was MK-9(H4). Results of the 16S rRNA gene sequence comparison revealed that strain MB20T shared the highest degree of similarity with Actinophytocola gilvus DSM 45828T (98.5 %), Actinophytocola corallina DSM 45659T (98.0 %) and Actinophytocola timorensis DSM 45660T (97.5 %). However, DNA-DNA hybridization studies showed only 32.9 % similarity with A. timorensis, 23.7 % similarity with A. gilvus and 17.9 % similarity with A. corallina. On the basis of phenotypic characteristics, 16S rRNA gene sequence comparisons and DNA-DNA hybridization, strain MB20T revealed to be a novel species of the genus Actinophytocola, for which the name Actinophytocola algeriensis sp. nov. (type strain MB20T =DSM 46746T = CECT 8960T) is proposed.

  4. Roseovarius antarcticus sp. nov., isolated from a decayed whale bone.

    PubMed

    Deng, Sangsang; Jiang, Fan; Chang, Xulu; Qu, Zhihao; Ren, Lvzhi; Zhang, Yumin; Kan, Wenjing; Da, Xuyang; Qiu, Xia; Kim, Myongchol; Fang, Chengxiang; Peng, Fang

    2015-07-01

    A pale yellow, ovoid- to rod-shaped and budding bacterium, designated strain M-S13-148(T), was isolated from a decayed bone of whale from the eastern coast of King George Island, South Shetlands, Antarctica. Strain M-S13-148(T) exhibited motility, aerobic growth and was Gram-stain-negative. Strain M-S13-148(T) was positive for catalase and oxidase. Growth was observed at pH 6.0-9.0, at 4-42 °C and with 0-14% (w/v) NaCl. The novel strain contained diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylethanolamine and an unknown phospholipid as the major polar lipids. The dominant cellular fatty acids were summed feature 8 (C18 : 1ω7c and/or C18 : 1ω6c), (58.8%) and C16 : 0 (11.7%). The respiratory quinone was Q-10 and the DNA G + C content was 60.9 mol%. Neighbour-joining, maximum-likelihood and minimum-evolution phylogenetic trees, based on 16S rRNA gene sequences, indicated that strain M-S13-148(T) belonged to the genus Roseovarius and was most closely related to Roseovarius nanhaiticus CCTCC AB 208317(T) (93.72% 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity). The 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity with respect to members of the genus Roseovarius ranged from 91.81 to 93.94%. On the basis of phenotypic, molecular and chemotaxonomic characteristics, strain M-S13-148 is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Roseovarius, for which the name Roseovarius antarcticus sp. nov., is proposed. The type strain is M-S13-148(T) ( = CCTCC AB2014072(T) = LMG 28420(T)).

  5. Oceanobacillus chungangensis sp. nov., isolated from a sand dune.

    PubMed

    Lee, Dong Chae; Kang, Hyeonji; Weerawongwiwat, Veeraya; Kim, Beomjoon; Choi, Young-Wan; Kim, Wonyong

    2013-10-01

    A Gram-stain-positive, spore-forming, rod-shaped, motile, strictly aerobic bacterial strain, designated CAU 1051(T), was isolated from a sand dune and its taxonomic position was investigated using a polyphasic approach. Strain CAU 1051(T) grew optimally at pH 5.0 and 30 °C. NaCl was not required for growth but up to 10.0 % (w/v) NaCl was tolerated. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain CAU 1051(T) formed a distinct lineage within the genus Oceanobacillus and was most closely related to Oceanobacillus profundus CL-MP28(T), Oceanobacillus caeni S-11(T), and Oceanobacillus picturae LMG 19492(T) (96.8 %, 95.6 % and 95.3 % similarity, respectively). DNA-DNA reassociation analysis showed that strain CAU 1051(T) displayed 28.2±0.7 % relatedness to O. profundus KCTC 13625(T). Strain CAU 1051(T) contained MK-7 as the only isoprenoid quinone and anteiso-C15 : 0 as the major fatty acid. The cell wall peptidoglycan of strain CAU 1051(T) contained meso-diaminopimelic acid. The polar lipids were composed of diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, six unidentified phospholipids, an unidentified glycolipid, and six unidentified polar lipids. The major whole-cell sugars were glucose and ribose. The DNA G+C content was 36.3 mol%. On the basis of phenotypic data and phylogenetic inference, strain CAU 1051(T) represents a novel species of the genus Oceanobacillus for which the name Oceanobacillus chungangensis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is CAU 1051(T) ( = KCTC 33035(T) = CCUG 63270(T)).

  6. Propionibacterium namnetense sp. nov., isolated from a human bone infection.

    PubMed

    Aubin, Guillaume Ghislain; Bémer, Pascale; Kambarev, Stanimir; Patel, Nisha B; Lemenand, Olivier; Caillon, Jocelyne; Lawson, Paul A; Corvec, Stéphane

    2016-09-01

    A polyphasic taxonomic study was performed on two Gram-positive-staining, anaerobic, pleomorphic, rod-shaped strains isolated from human bone and tissue samples. Sequencing of the 16S rRNA genes revealed that the strains belong to a novel species within the genus Propionibacterium, most closely related to Propionibacterium acnes subsp. acnes and Propionibacterium acnes subsp. elongatum with similarity values of 98.4 % and 98.1 %, respectively. In addition, protein-coding genes for rpoB, recA and gyrB clearly separated the novel organism from all species and subspecies of the genus Propionibacterium. However, a DNA-DNA hybridization analysis between the novel organism and the type strain P. acnes ATCC 6919T revealed a value of only 61.1 %. Furthermore, whole genome analysis using the program OrthoANI gave a value of 88.5 %, which is significantly below the cut-off value of 95 % for species delineation. The major fatty acids were iso-C15 : 0, anteiso-C15 : 0 and iso-C17 : 0. The DNA G+C content of the type strain was 59.7 mol%. When taken collectively, phenotypic, molecular genetic, chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic information demonstrate that the organism represents a distinct, albeit close relative of P. acnes On the basis of the results presented, the organism represents a novel member of the genus Propionibacterium for which the name Propionibacterium namnetense sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is NTS 31307302T (=DSM 29427T=CCUG 66358T).

  7. Emticiciafontis sp. nov., isolated from a freshwater pond.

    PubMed

    Nam, Gi Gyun; Joung, Yochan; Song, Jaeho; Lim, Yeonjung; Cho, Jang-Cheon

    2016-12-01

    A bacterial strain, designated IMCC1731T, was isolated from an eutrophic freshwater pond and characterized using a polyphasic taxonomic approach. Cellular growth occurred at pH 6-9 (optimum, pH 8.0), at 10-30 °C (optimum, 25 °C) and with 0-1 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 0 %). Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain IMCC1731T belonged to the genus Emticicia in the family Cytophagaceae and was most closely related to Emticicia ginsengisoli Gsoil 085T (98.1 %) followed by Emticicia paludis HMF3850T (95.0 %), Emticicia oligotrophica DSM 17448T (94.7 %), Emticicia aquatica HMF2925T (94.4 %) and Emticicia sediminis JBR12T (94.0 %). The DNA-DNA relatedness between strain IMCC1731T and E. ginsengisoli Gsoil 085T was 47±4 %. The DNA G+C content of strain IMCC1731T was 37.7 mol%. The predominant cellular fatty acids were summed feature 3 (C16 : 1ω6c and/or C16 : 1ω7c) and iso-C15 : 0. Based on the physiological and chemotaxonomic characteristics, DNA-DNA relatedness and 16S rRNA gene phylogeny, stain IMCC1731T is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Emticicia, for which the name Emticicia fontis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is IMCC1731T (=KCTC 52248T=JCM 31373T).

  8. Sphingomonas piscinae sp. nov., isolated from a fish pond.

    PubMed

    Chen, Wen-Ming; Li, Yi-Shu; Sheu, Shih-Yi

    2016-12-01

    A bacterial strain designated LYH-20T was isolated from a fish pond in Taiwan and characterized using a polyphasic taxonomy approach. Cells of strain LYH-20T were aerobic, Gram-stain-negative, non-motile, poly-β-hydroxybutyrate containing, showing straight and rod shaped that were covered by large capsules and formed yellow-coloured colonies. Growth occurred at 15-40 °C (optimum, 30 °C), with 0-1.0 % NaCl (optimum, 0-0.1 %) and at pH 5.0-9.0 (optimum, pH 8.0-9.0). According to a phylogenetic tree based on 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, strain LYH-20T belonged to the genus Sphingomonas and clustered with Sphingomonas fonticola TNR-2T, with which it shared the highest 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity (97.5 %). The major fatty acids (>10 %) of strain LYH-20T were C18 : 1ω7c and C16 : 0. The DNA G+C content was 67.5 mol%. The sole isoprenoid quinone was Q-10. The polyamines detected were spermidine, putrescine and homospermidine. The polar lipid profile consisted of a mixture of sphingoglycolipid, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine, diphosphatidylglycerol and three uncharacterized phospholipids. The DNA-DNA hybridization value for strain LYH-20T with Sphingomonas fonticola TNR-2T was less than 35 %. Phenotypic characteristics of the novel strain also differed from those of the closest related species of the genus Sphingomonas. On the basis of the genotypic, chemotaxonomic and phenotypic data, strain LYH-20T represents a novel species in the genus Sphingomonas, for which the name Sphingomonas piscinae sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is LYH-20T (=BCRC 80911T=LMG 29002T=KCTC 42741T).

  9. Rheinheimera tilapiae sp. nov., isolated from a freshwater culture pond.

    PubMed

    Chen, Wen-Ming; Yang, Shwu-Harn; Young, Chiu-Chung; Sheu, Shih-Yi

    2013-04-01

    A bacterial strain designated Ruye-90(T) was isolated from a freshwater tilapiine cichlid fish culture pond in Taiwan and characterized using a polyphasic taxonomic approach. Strain Ruye-90(T) was gram-negative, aerobic, yellow-coloured, rod-shaped, and motile by means of a single polar flagellum. Growth occurred at 4-30 °C (optimum, 20-30 °C), at pH 7.0-9.0 (optimum, pH 8.0-9.0) and with 0-2 % NaCl (optimum, 0 %). Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain Ruye-90(T) belonged to the genus Rheinheimera and its most closely related neighbour was Rheinheimera tangshanensis JA3-B52(T) with sequence similarity of 97.5 %. The major fatty acids were summed feature 3 (comprising C16 : 1ω7c and/or C16 : 1ω6c, 41.3 %), C16 : 0 (19.3 %), C18 : 1ω7c (8.4 %) and C12 : 0 3-OH (7.0 %). The major respiratory quinone was Q-8. The DNA G+C content of the genomic DNA was 49.0 mol%. The polar lipid profile consisted of a mixture of phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylserine, aminolipid and two uncharacterized phospholipids. The DNA-DNA relatedness of strain Ruye-90(T) with respect to recognized members of the genus Rheinheimera was less than 70 %. On the basis of the genotypic, chemotaxonomic and phenotypic data, strain Ruye-90(T) represents a novel species in the genus Rheinheimera, for which the name Rheinheimera tilapiae sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is Ruye-90(T) ( = LMG 26339(T) = BCRC 80263(T) = KCTC 23315(T)).

  10. Flavobacterium inkyongense sp. nov., isolated from an artificial freshwater pond.

    PubMed

    Park, Miri; Joung, Yochan; Nam, Gi Gyun; Kim, Suhyun; Cho, Jang-Cheon

    2017-01-01

    A Gram-stain-negative, non-motile, yellow-pigmented bacterium, designated strain IMCC27201T, was isolated from an artificial freshwater pond (Inkyong) in Korea. Growth of strain IMCC27201T occurred at 10-37 °C (optimum, 30 °C), at pH 7.0-8.0 (optimum, pH 7.0) and with 0-0.25 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 0 %). Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain IMCC27201T belonged to the genus Flavobacterium and was related most closely to Flavobacterium columnare IFO 15943T (97.8 % sequence similarity), Flavobacterium terrae R2A1-13T (97.2 %) and Flavobacterium vireti THG-SM1T (96.4 %). Strain IMCC27201T exhibited low DNA-DNA relatedness with F. columnare KCTC 42885T (34.9-40.6 %). The DNA G+C content of strain IMCC27201T was 32.1 mol%. The major fatty acids were iso-C15 : 0, iso-C15 : 1 G and iso-C15 : 0 3-OH. Strain IMCC27201T contained menaquinone-6 (MK-6) as the sole isoprenoid quinone. The polar lipids of strain IMCC27201T consisted of phosphatidylethanolamine, three unidentified aminolipids and two unidentified lipids. Based on 16S rRNA gene phylogeny, phenotypic characterization and DNA-DNA relatedness, strain IMCC27201Trepresents a novel species of the genus Flavobacterium, for which the name Flavobacterium inkyongense sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is IMCC27201T (=KCTC 52244T=JCM 31385T).

  11. Maribacter flavus sp. nov., isolated from a cyanobacterial culture pond.

    PubMed

    Tang, Mingxing; Wang, Guanghua; Xiang, Wenzhou; Chen, Chenghao; Wu, Jiayi; Dai, Shikun; Wu, Hualian; Li, Tao; Wu, Houbo

    2015-11-01

    A Gram-stain-negative, yellow, non-spore-forming, strictly aerobic bacterium, designated C3T, was isolated from a cyanobacterial culture pond. Cells were halophilic, rod-shaped and able to move by gliding. Growth of strain C3T was observed at 15-30 °C (optimum 25 °C), pH 6.0-9.0 (optimum pH 7.5), and in the presence of 1-7 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum 2-3 %). Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain C3T formed a distinct lineage within the family Flavobacteriaceae and exhibited the highest similarity (95.21 %) to the type strains of Maribacter dokdonensis, Maribacter arcticus, Maribacter orientalis and Maribacter stanieri, and 'Maribacter caenipelagi' HD-44. The only isoprenoid quinone present within strain C3T was menaquinone 6 (MK-6). The G+C content of genomic DNA was 41.5 mol%. The major polar lipids were phosphatidylethanolamine and three unidentified lipids. The predominant cellular fatty acids (>5 % of the total fatty acids) were iso-C15 : 1 G, iso-C15 : 0, iso-C15 : 0 3-OH, iso-C17 : 0 3-OH, and summed feature 3 (comprising C16 : 1ω7c and/or C16 : 1ω6c). On the basis of the phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic characteristics, strain C3T represents a novel species of the genus Maribacter, for which the name Maribacter flavus sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is C3T ( = KCTC 42508T = CGMCC 1.15112T).

  12. Pedobacter lotistagni sp. nov. isolated from lotus pond water.

    PubMed

    Singh, Hina; Du, Juan; Ngo, Hien T T; Kim, Ki-Young; Yi, Tae-Hoo

    2015-04-01

    A light-yellow coloured, Gram-stain negative, rod-shaped, aerobic, non-motile bacterium, designated THG-DN6.8(T), was isolated from a lotus pond near Donghaksa temple in Daejeon, South Korea. The strain was found to grow well on nutrient agar, optimally at pH 6.0-7.5, at temperature 25-28 °C and in the presence of 0.5 % NaCl. Based on 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, strain THG-DN6.8(T) was found to share the highest sequence similarity with Pedobacter koreensis KCTC 12536(T), followed by Pedobacter glacialis CCTCC AB 2012941(T), Pedobacter kyungheensis KACC 16221(T), Pedobacter caeni LMG 22862(T), Pedobacter insulae KCTC 12820(T) and Pedobacter boryungensis KCTC 23344 (T). The DNA G+C content was determined to be 36.8 mol%. In DNA-DNA hybridization tests, the DNA relatedness between strain THG-DN6.8(T) and its closest phylogenetic neighbour P. koreensis was found to be below 10 %. The predominant isoprenoid quinone was identified as menaquinone MK-7 and the major polar lipid as phosphatidylethanolamine. The major fatty acids of strain THG-DN6.8(T) were identified as iso-C15:0, C16:0, C18:0 and C16:1 ω6c and/or C16:1 ω7c (summed feature 3). On the basis of the phenotypic characteristics, genotypic analysis and chemotaxonomic characteristics, strain THG-DN6.8(T) is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Pedobacter, for which the name Pedobacter lotistagni sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is THG-DN6.8(T) (= KCTC 42229(T) = JCM 30354(T)).

  13. Burkholderia jirisanensis sp. nov. isolated from forest soil.

    PubMed

    Kim, Seil; Gong, Gyeongtaek; Woo, Han Min; Kim, Yunje; Um, Youngsoon

    2015-12-23

    A Gram-negative, catalase-positive, mesophilic obligate aerobic bacterium designated as JRM2-1T was isolated from forest soil of Jirisan Mountain, Republic of Korea and its taxonomic position was investigated based on the polyphasic taxonomy. The cells of strain JRM2-1T were optimally grown in the range of pH 5.0-7.0 at 25°C. The strain JRM2-1T was susceptible to chloramphenicol, gentamicin, kanamycin, nalidixic acid, rifampicin, streptomycin, and tetracycline. On the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity, the closest neighbor of strain JRM2-1T was Burkholderia terrae KMY02T (97.2%) and DNA-DNA hybridization value between JRM2-1T and Burkholderia terrae KCTC 12388T was 14.4%. On the basis of the phylogenetic analysis, strain JRM2-1T is clearly distinguished from other related Burkholderia species and is clustered with plant-associated Burkholderia species. The major cellular fatty acids were C16:0, cyclo-C17:0 and cyclo-C19:0 ω8c. The polar lipids profile of strain JRM2-1T consisted of diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylenthanolamine, several unidentified amino lipids and unidentified amino-phospholipid. Isoprenoid quinone of strain JRM2-1T was Q-8. The G+C content of strain JRM2-1T was 63.7 mol%. Low DNA-DNA hybridization value indicated that JRM2-1T does not belong to Burkholderia terrae KCTC 12388T.On the basis of polyphasic taxonomical investigation, strain JRM2-1T is considered to represent a novel species in the genus Burkholderia for which the name Burkholderia jirisanensis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is JRM2-1T (=AIM 0373T = KCTC 42072T =JCM 19985T).

  14. Mucilaginibacter soli sp. nov., isolated from Arctic tundra soil.

    PubMed

    Jiang, Fan; Dai, Jun; Wang, Yang; Xue, Xiuqing; Xu, Mengbo; Guo, Youhao; Li, Wenxin; Fang, Chengxiang; Peng, Fang

    2012-07-01

    A novel pale-pink-coloured strain, designated R9-65(T), was isolated from a tundra soil near Ny-Ålesund, Svalbard Archipelago, Norway (78° N). The cells were facultatively anaerobic, Gram-staining-negative, non-motile and rod-shaped. Growth occurred at 4-32 °C (optimum, 25-28 °C), at pH 5.0-9.0 (optimum, pH 6.0-7.0) and with 0-1.0% (w/v) NaCl (optimum, no NaCl). Flexirubin-type pigments were absent. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain R9-65(T) belonged to the genus Mucilaginibacter in the family Sphingobacteriaceae. The 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity between strain R9-65(T) and type strains of related species ranged from 93.4 to 96.6%. Strain R9-65(T) contained summed feature 3 (C(16:1)ω7c and/or C(16:1)ω6c, 34.3%) and iso-C(15:0) (20.3%) as major cellular fatty acids, MK-7 as the major respiratory quinone, and phosphatidylethanolamine as the main polar lipid. The DNA G+C content of strain R9-65(T) was 47.2 mol%. On the basis of phylogenetic, physiological and chemotaxonomic data, strain R9-65(T) is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Mucilaginibacter, for which the name Mucilaginibacter soli sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is R9-65(T) (=CCTCC AB 2010331(T)=NRRL B-59458(T)).

  15. Terrimonas arctica sp. nov., isolated from Arctic tundra soil.

    PubMed

    Jiang, Fan; Qiu, Xia; Chang, Xulu; Qu, Zhihao; Ren, Lvzhi; Kan, Wenjing; Guo, Youhao; Fang, Chengxiang; Peng, Fang

    2014-11-01

    A novel, Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, non-motile and rod-shaped bacterium, designated R9-86(T), was isolated from tundra soil collected near Ny-Ålesund, Svalbard Archipelago, Norway (78° N). Growth occurred at 4-28 °C (optimum, 22-25 °C) and at pH 6.0-9.0 (optimum, pH 7.0). Flexirubin-type pigments were absent. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain R9-86(T) belonged to the genus Terrimonas in the family Chitinophagaceae. 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities between strain R9-86(T) and the type strains of species of the genus Terrimonas with validly published names ranged from 93.7 to 95.0%. Strain R9-86(T) contained iso-C(15:1)-G (25.7%), iso-C(15:0) (24.5%), iso-C(17:0)-3OH (18.3%) and summed feature 3 (C(16:1)ω7c and/or C(16:1)ω6c, 8.7%) as its major cellular fatty acids; phosphatidylethanolamine and an unknown polar lipid as its main polar lipids, and MK-7 as its predominant respiratory quinone. The DNA G+C content was 48.4 mol%. On the basis of phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic data, strain R9-86(T) is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Terrimonas, for which the name Terrimonas arctica sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is R9-86(T) ( =CCTCC AB 2011004(T) =NRRL B-59114(T)). © 2014 IUMS.

  16. Nocardioides opuntiae sp. nov., isolated from soil of a cactus.

    PubMed

    Lee, Soon Dong; Seong, Chi Nam

    2014-06-01

    A novel high G+C actinobacterium, designated strain OS1-21(T), was isolated from the rhizosphere soil of a cactus (Opuntia fiscus-indica var. sanboten) and the taxonomic status was investigated using a polyphasic approach. Cells of strain OS1-21(T) were aerobic, Gram-stain-positive, non-endospore-forming, non-motile rods; colonies of the cells were circular, translucent, smooth and moderate yellow in colour. LL-Diaminopimelic acid was the diagnostic diamino acid in cell-wall peptidoglycan. The predominant menaquinone was MK-8(H4). The major fatty acids were iso-C(16 : 0), iso-C(16 : 0) 2-OH, 10-methyl C(17 : 0), 10-methyl C(18 : 0) and C(17 : 1)cis9. The polar lipids contained diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylinositol and two unknown phospholipids. The DNA G+C content was 73.7 mol%. Based on 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, the closest phylogenetic neighbours were Nocardioides panacihumi Gsoil 616(T) (98.7% sequence similarity) and Nocardioides terrae VA15(T) (97.8%), followed by Nocardioides marinus CL-DD14(T) (97.1%). DNA-DNA relatedness values of strain OS1-21(T) with the type strains of the closest phylogenetic neighbours were low (<16.0%). Combined data of polyphasic taxonomic analyses revealed that the organism could be assigned to a novel species of the genus Nocardioides, for which the name Nocardioides opuntiae sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is OS1-21(T) ( = KCTC 19804(T) = NBRC 107915(T)). © 2014 IUMS.

  17. Halobacterium litoreum sp. nov., isolated from a marine solar saltern.

    PubMed

    Lü, Zhen-Zhen; Li, Yang; Zhou, Yao; Cui, Heng-Lin; Li, Zheng-Rong

    2017-09-13

    Halophilic archaeal strain ZS-54-S2T was isolated from Zhoushan marine solar saltern, China. Cells were rod-shaped, Gram-stain-negative and formed red-pigmented colonies on an agar plate. Strain ZS-54-S2T was able to grow at 20-50 °C (optimum 35 °C), at 1.7-4.8 M NaCl (optimum 3.9 M), at 0.005-1.0 M MgCl2 (optimum 0.05 M) and at pH 5.0-9.5 (optimum pH 7.0). The cells lysed in distilled water and the minimal NaCl concentration to prevent cell lysis was found to be 5 % (w/v). The major polar lipids of the strain were phosphatidic acid, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol phosphate methyl ester, two glycolipids, which were chromatographically identical to sulfated galactosyl mannosyl galactofuranosyl glucosyl diether and galactosyl mannosyl glucosyl diether, and an unidentified glycolipid, which was chromatographically identical to one detected in Halobacterium salinarum ATCC 33171T. The 16S rRNA gene and rpoB' gene of strain ZS-54-S2T were phylogenetically related to the corresponding genes of Halobacterium noricense JCM 15102T (97.5 % and 90.6 % relatedness, respectively), Halobacterium jilantaiense CGMCC 1.5337T (96.9 and 91.2 %), Halobacterium rubrum CGMCC 1.12575T (96.8 and 90.3 %) and Halobacterium salinarum CGMCC 1.1958T (96.5 and 88.4 %). The DNA G+C content of strain ZS-54-S2T was 66.7 mol%. The phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic properties suggested that strain ZS-54-S2T (=CGMCC 1.12562T=JCM 30038T) represents a new species of Halobacterium, for which the name Halobacteriumlitoreum sp. nov. is proposed.

  18. Sphingopyxis witflariensis sp. nov., isolated from activated sludge.

    PubMed

    Kämpfer, Peter; Witzenberger, Reinhard; Denner, Ewald B M; Busse, Hans-Jürgen; Neef, Alexander

    2002-11-01

    Classification of strain W-50(T), which was isolated from a wastewater treatment plant, was investigated by a polyphasic approach. Cells of strain W-50(T) were Gram-negative, strictly aerobic, oxidase-positive and yellow-pigmented. Ubiquinone Q-10 was the main respiratory lipoquinone system and polar lipid fingerprints were characterized by the presence of a sphingoglycolipid, suggesting that strain W-50(T) belongs to the alpha-4 subclass of the Proteobacteria. Sequencing and comparative analyses of the 16S rRNA gene of strain W-50(T) supported its chemotaxonomic allocation as an alpha-4 proteobacterium. The most closely related established taxa were species of the genus Sphingopyxis, including Sphingopyxis macrogoltabida (97.3% similarity) and Sphingopyxis terrae (96-4% similarity), and Sphingomonas taejonensis (97.3%). These findings were supported by both the polyamine content, which consisted mainly of spermidine [12.9 micromol (g dry wt)(-1)], and the presence of 2-OH 14:0, 2-OH 15:0 and 2-OH 16:0 in the cellular fatty acid profile. DNA-DNA hybridization experiments resulted in similarity values of 31.9% between strain W-50(T) and Sphingopyxis macrogoltabida IFO 15033(T), 44.9% between strain W-50(T) and Sphingopyxis terrae IFO 15098(T) and 31.0% between strain W-50(T) and Sphingomonas taejonensis KCTC 2884(T). Based upon results obtained by detailed physiological/biochemical testing and previously published molecular evidence, strain W-50(T) was clearly distinguishable from all other Sphingopyxis species. For these reasons, the creation of a novel species, Sphingopyxis witflariensis sp. nov., is proposed; strain W-50(T) (= DSM 14551(T) = CIP 107174(T)) is the type strain.

  19. Flectobacillus pallidus sp. nov., isolated from a spring.

    PubMed

    Sheu, Shih-Yi; Liu, Li-Pin; Chen, Wen-Ming

    2017-01-05

    A novel bacterial strain MVW-6T was isolated from a spring in Taiwan and characterized using a polyphasic taxonomy approach. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain MVW-6T belonged to the genus Flectobacillus and showed the highest levels of sequence similarity with respect to Flectobacillus lacus CL-GP79T (98.2 %) and Flectobacillus fontis MIB-4T (97.4 %). Cells of strain MVW-6T were Gram-staining-negative, aerobic, non-motile rods that were covered by large capsules and formed light pink-colored colonies. Growth occurred at 15-37 oC (optimum, 15-25 °C), at pH 5-9 (optimum, pH 7) and with 0-0.5 % NaCl (optimum, 0 %). Strain MVW-6T contained iso-C15:0, summed feature 3 (C16:17c and/or C16:16c), C16:15c and C16:0 as the predominant fatty acids. The polar lipid profile consisted of phosphatidylethanolamine, five unidentified aminophospholipids, one unidentified glycolipid, one unidentified phospholipid, one unidentified aminolipid and two unidentified lipids. The major isoprenoid quinone was MK-7. The DNA G+C content of the genomic DNA was 39.5 mol%. The DNA-DNA hybridization value for strain MVW-6T with Flectobacillus lacus CL-GP79T and Flectobacillus fontis MIB-4T was less than 50 %. On the basis of the phylogenetic inference and phenotypic data, strain MVW-6T should be classified as a novel species, for which the name Flectobacillus pallidus sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is MVW-6T (=BCRC 80975T =LMG 29555T =KCTC 33800T).

  20. Novosphingobium colocasiae sp. nov., isolated from a taro field.

    PubMed

    Chen, Wen-Ming; Chen, Jhen-Ci; Huang, Cheng-Wen; Young, Chiu-Chung; Sheu, Shih-Yi

    2016-02-01

    A novel bacterial strain, designated Teta-03T, was isolated from a taro field in Taiwan and characterized using a polyphasic taxonomic approach. Cells of strain Teta-03T were aerobic, Gram-stain-negative, rod-shaped and non-motile and formed bright yellow colonies. Growth occurred at 10-37 °C (optimum, 20 °C), with 0-1.0 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 0 %) and at pH 3.0-9.0 (optimum, pH 7.0-8.0). The major fatty acids (>10 %) of strain Teta-03T were C18 : 1ω7c, summed feature 3 (C16 : 1ω7c and/or C16 : 1ω6c) and C16 : 0. The polar lipid profile consisted of phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylmonomethylethanolamine, phosphatidyldimethylethanolamine, sphingoglycolipid, phosphatidylcholine, an uncharacterized glycolipid and an uncharacterized aminolipid. The major polyamine was spermidine. The major isoprenoid quinone was Q-10. The DNA G+C content was 65.0 mol%. On the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, strain Teta-03T was shown to belong to the genus Novosphingobium and showed highest similarity to Novosphingobium barchaimii LL02T (96.8 %). Phenotypic characteristics of the novel strain also differed from those of the closest related species of the genus Novosphingobium. On the basis of the genotypic, chemotaxonomic and phenotypic data, strain Teta-03T represents a novel species of the genus Novosphingobium, for which the name Novosphingobium colocasiae sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is Teta-03T ( = LMG 27385T = KCTC 32255T).

  1. Micromonospora rhizosphaerae sp. nov., isolated from mangrove rhizosphere soil.

    PubMed

    Wang, Cheng; Xu, Xiao-Xiong; Qu, Zhi; Wang, Hai-Long; Lin, Hai-Peng; Xie, Qing-Yi; Ruan, Ji-Sheng; Hong, Kui

    2011-02-01

    Strain 211018(T) was isolated from mangrove Excocaria agallocha rhizosphere soil. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis showed the highest similarity to the type strains of Micromonospora olivasterospora DSM 43868(T) (98.6 %) and Micromonospora pattaloongensis TJ2-2(T) (98.4 %). gyrB gene sequence analysis also indicated that strain 211018(T) should be assigned to the genus Micromonospora. The characteristic whole-cell sugars are xylose, mannose and arabinose. The predominant menaquinone is MK-9(H(4)) and the major fatty acids are iso-C(15 : 0) (27.5 %), 10-methyl C(17 : 0) (14.2 %), C(17 : 1)ω8c (12.8 %), iso-C(16 : 0) (12.6 %), anteiso-C(15 : 0) (6.1 %), iso-C(17 : 0) (4.1 %) and anteiso-C(17 : 0) (4.0 %). The phospholipid profile comprises phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylinositol and phosphatidylinositol mannosides. The DNA G+C content is 70.8 mol%. The chemotaxonomic data of the strain coincided with those of the genus Micromonospora. Furthermore, a combination of DNA-DNA hybridization results and some physiological and biochemical properties indicated that the novel strain could be readily distinguished from the closest phylogenetic relatives. On the basis of these phenotypic and genotypic data, strain 211018(T) represents a novel species of the genus Micromonospora, for which the name Micromonospora rhizosphaerae sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is 211018(T) (=CGMCC 4.5599(T) =DSM 45431(T)).

  2. Ornithinimicrobium pekingense sp. nov., isolated from activated sludge.

    PubMed

    Liu, Xing-Yu; Wang, Bao-Jun; Jiang, Cheng-Ying; Liu, Shuang-Jiang

    2008-01-01

    The bacterial strain LW6(T) was isolated from activated sludge of a wastewater treatment bioreactor. Cells of strain LW6(T) are Gram-positive, irregular, short rods and cocci, 0.5-0.8x1.0-1.6 microm. Colonies are light-yellow, smooth, circular and 0.2-1.0 mm in diameter after 3 days incubation. Strain LW6(T) is aerobic and heterotrophic. It grows at a temperature range of 26-38 degrees C and pH range of 6-9, with optimal growth at 33-37 degrees C and pH 7.8-8.2. The predominant cellular fatty acids of strain LW6(T) are iso-C(15:0) (38.9%) and iso-C(17:1)omega9c (18.8%). Strain LW6(T) has the major respiratory menaquinones MK-8(H(4)) and MK-8(H(2)) and polar lipids phosphatidylinositol, phosphatidylglycerol, diphosphatidylglycerol and unknown glycolipid/phospholipids. The cell wall peptidoglycan of strain LW6(T) contained the amino acids ornithine, lysine, glutamic acid, alanine, glycine and aspartic acid. Its molar DNA G+C content is 69 mol% (T(m)). Analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain LW6(T) was related phylogenetically to members of the genus Ornithinimicrobium, with similarities ranging from 98.3 to 98.7%. The DNA-DNA relatedness of strain LW6(T) to Ornithinimicrobium humiphilum DSM 12362(T) and Ornithinimicrobium kibberense K22-20(T) was respectively 31.5 and 15.2%. Based on these results, it is concluded that strain LW6(T) represents a novel species of the genus Ornithinimicrobium, for which the name Ornithinimicrobium pekingense sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is strain LW6(T) (=CGMCC 1.5362(T) =JCM 14001(T)).

  3. Nitratireductor indicus sp. nov., isolated from deep-sea water.

    PubMed

    Lai, Qiliang; Yu, Zhiwei; Yuan, Jun; Sun, Fengqin; Shao, Zongze

    2011-02-01

    A taxonomic study was carried out on a novel bacterial strain, designated C115(T), isolated from a crude-oil-degrading consortium, enriched from deep-sea water of the Indian Ocean. Cells were Gram-negative short rods, mobile by means of a monopolar flagellum. Growth was observed at salinities of 0-7 % and at 10-43 °C. It was unable to degrade Tween 80 or gelatin. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis showed that strain C115(T) was related most closely to Nitratireductor aquibiodomus NL21(T) (96.5 % similarity), Nitratireductor kimnyeongensis KY 101(T) (96.4 %) and Nitratireductor basaltis J3(T) (96.2 %). The predominant fatty acids were summed feature 8 (C(18 : 1)ω7c and/or C(18 : 1)ω6c, 81.8 %) and C(18 : 0) (7.0 %). The G+C content of the chromosomal DNA of strain C115(T) was 59 mol%. Based on its morphology, physiology and fatty acid composition together with 16S rRNA gene sequence comparisons, the novel strain most appropriately belongs to the genus Nitratireductor, but can be distinguished readily from recognized species of the genus. Strain C115(T) is therefore considered to represent a novel species of the genus Nitratireductor, for which the name Nitratireductor indicus sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is C115(T) (=RC92-7(T) =CCTCC AB 209298(T) =LMG 25540(T) =MCCC 1A01260(T)).

  4. Aquabacterium limnoticum sp. nov., isolated from a freshwater spring.

    PubMed

    Chen, Wen-Ming; Cho, Nian-Tsz; Yang, Shwu-Harn; Arun, A B; Young, Chiu-Chung; Sheu, Shih-Yi

    2012-03-01

    A Gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, short-rod-shaped, non-motile and non-spore-forming bacterial strain, designated ABP-4(T), was isolated from a freshwater spring in Taiwan and was characterized using the polyphasic taxonomy approach. Growth occurred at 20-40 °C (optimum, 30-37 °C), at pH 7.0-10.0 (optimum, pH 7.0-9.0) and with 0-3% NaCl (optimum, 0%). Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain ABP-4(T), together with Aquabacterium fontiphilum CS-6(T) (96.4% sequence similarity), Aquabacterium commune B8(T) (96.1%), Aquabacterium citratiphilum B4(T) (95.5%) and Aquabacterium parvum B6(T) (94.7%), formed a deep line within the order Burkholderiales. Strain ABP-4(T) contained summed feature 3 (comprising C(16:1) ω7c and/or C(16:1) ω6c), C(18:1) ω7c and C(16:0) as predominant fatty acids. The major cellular hydroxy fatty acid was C(10:0) 3-OH. The major isoprenoid quinone was Q-8 and the DNA G+C content was 68.6 mol%. The polar lipid profile consisted of a mixture of phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylserine, diphosphatidylglycerol and several uncharacterized phospholipids. The DNA-DNA relatedness of strain ABP-4(T) with respect to recognized species of the genus Aquabacterium was less than 70%. On the basis of the genotypic, chemotaxonomic and phenotypic data, strain ABP-4(T) represents a novel species in the genus Aquabacterium, for which the name Aquabacterium limnoticum sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is ABP-4(T) (=BCRC 80167(T)=KCTC 23306(T)).

  5. Sphingomonas frigidaeris sp. nov., isolated from an air conditioning system.

    PubMed

    Lee, Yunho; Jeon, Che Ok

    2017-09-08

    A strictly aerobic Gram-stain-negative bacterium, designated strain KER25-10T, was isolated from a laboratory air conditioning system in South Korea. Cells were yellow-pigmented, non-motile rods showing catalase- and oxidase-positive reactions. The strain grew at pH 4.0-9.0 (optimum, pH 6.0-7.0) and 10-40 °C (optimum, 30 °C) and in the presence of 0-3 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 0 %). The G+C content of the genomic DNA was 65.1 mol%. Strain KER25-10T contained ubiquinone-10 (Q-10) as the predominant isoprenoid quinone and C16 : 0, C17 : 1ω6c, summed feature 3 (comprising C16 : 1ω7c and/or C16 : 1ω6c) and summed feature 8 (comprising C18 : 1ω7c and/or C18 : 1ω6c) as the major fatty acids. The major polar lipids were sphingoglycolipid, diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine and phosphatidylcholine. Only spermidine was detected as the polyamine. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA sequences indicated that strain KER25-10T formed a distinct phylogenetic lineage within the genus Sphingomonas of the family Sphingomonadaceae and the strain was most closely related to Sphingomonas kyeonggiense THG-DT81T with a 96.8 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity. On the basis of phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and molecular features, strain KER25-10T clearly represents a novel species of the genus Sphingomonas, for which the name Sphingomonas frigidaeris sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is KER25-10T (=KACC 19285T=JCM 32053T).

  6. Streptosporangium saharense sp. nov., an actinobacterium isolated from Saharan soil.

    PubMed

    Chaabane Chaouch, Fawzia; Bouras, Noureddine; Mokrane, Salim; Zitouni, Abdelghani; Schumann, Peter; Spröer, Cathrin; Sabaou, Nasserdine; Klenk, Hans-Peter

    2016-03-01

    A novel actinobacterium, designated strain SG20T, was isolated from a Saharan soil sample collected from Béni-isguen (Mzab), Ghardaïa province, southern Algeria. The micro-organism developed small roundish sporangia on aerial mycelium that were sessile or carried by very short sporangiophores. The cell-wall peptidoglycan contained meso-diaminopimelic acid and the whole-cell sugars comprised glucose, ribose and mannose, but madurose was not detected. The predominant menaquinones were MK-9(H4), MK-9(H6) and MK-9(H2). The major fatty acids were iso-C16 : 0 and C16 : 0. The phospholipids detected were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylinositol, phosphatidylethanolamine and unknown lipids. The phenotypic and chemotaxonomic characteristics of the novel strain resembled those of recognized members of the genus Streptosporangium. Moreover, phylogenetic analysis based on a 16S rRNA gene sequence generated from the strain identified its closest relative as Streptosporangium jomthongense BCC 53154T (98.5 % similarity), which produces single spores on aerial mycelium, but no sporangia. In hybridization experiments, the DNA-DNA relatedness values recorded between strain SG20T and S. jomthongense DSM 46822T fell well below 70 %. On the basis of phenotypic and genotypic data, strain SG20T can be distinguished as representing a novel species of the genus Streptosporangium, for which the name Streptosporangium saharense sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is SG20T ( = DSM 46743T = CECT 8840T).

  7. Saccharothrix isguenensis sp. nov., an actinobacterium isolated from desert soil.

    PubMed

    Bouznada, Khaoula; Bouras, Noureddine; Mokrane, Salim; Chaabane Chaouch, Fawzia; Zitouni, Abdelghani; Pötter, Gabriele; Spröer, Cathrin; Klenk, Hans-Peter; Sabaou, Nasserdine

    2016-11-01

    A novel actinobacterial strain, designated MB27T, was isolated from a Saharan soil sample collected in Mzab region (Ghardaïa province, South Algeria). Strain MB27T was characterized following a polyphasic taxonomic approach. This strain produced a branched and fragmented substrate mycelium, which was found to have a yellowish orange colour. A white scanty aerial mycelium was produced on most media tested. Chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic studies clearly demonstrated that strain MB27T belongs to the family Pseudonocardiaceae and is closely related to the genus Saccharothrix. Cell-wall hydrolysates contained meso-diaminopimelic acid but not glycine, and whole-cell hydrolysates contained galactose, glucose, ribose and small amounts of mannose and rhamnose. The detected phospholipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylmethylethanolamine, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylinositol and phosphatidylinositol mannosides. Mycolic acids were not detected while the predominant fatty acid was iso-branched hexadecanoate (iso-C16 : 0). The major menaquinone was MK-9(H4). Results of 16S rRNA gene sequence comparisons revealed that strain MB27T shairs the highest degree of similarity with Saccharothrix ecbatanensis DSM 45486T (99.8%), Saccharothrix hoggarensis DSM 45457T (99.3 %), Saccharothrix longispora DSM 43749T (98.6 %) and Saccharothrix yanglingensis DSM 45665T (98.6 %). However, it exhibited only 11-42 % DNA-DNA relatedness to the neighbouring Saccharothrixspecies. On the basis of phenotypic characteristics, 16S rRNA gene sequence comparisons and DNA-DNA hybridization, strain MB27T is shown to represent a novel species of the genus Saccharothrix, for which the name Saccharothrix isguenensis sp. nov. (type strain MB27T=DSM 46885T=CECT 9045T) is proposed.

  8. Acinetobacter indicus sp. nov., isolated from a hexachlorocyclohexane dump site.

    PubMed

    Malhotra, Jaya; Anand, Shailly; Jindal, Swati; Rajagopal, Raman; Lal, Rup

    2012-12-01

    The taxonomic position of a Gram-negative, non-motile, oxidase negative and catalase positive strain, A648(T), isolated from a hexachlorocyclohexane (HCH) dump site located in Lucknow, India, was ascertained by using a polyphasic approach. A comparative analysis of a partial sequence of the rpoB gene and the 16S rRNA gene sequence revealed that strain A648(T) belonged to the genus Acinetobacter. DNA-DNA relatedness values between strain A648(T) and other closely related members (16S rRNA gene sequence similarity greater than 97%), namely Acinetobacter radioresistens DSM 6976(T), A. venetianus ATCC 31012(T), A. baumannii LMG 1041(T), A. parvus LMG 21765(T) A. junii LMG 998(T) and A. soli JCM 15062(T), were found to be less than 8%. The major cellular fatty acids of strain A648(T) were 18:1ω9c (19.6%), summed feature 3 (15.9%), 16:0 (10.6%) and 12:0 (6.4%). The DNA G+C content was 40.4 mol%. The polar lipid profile of strain A648(T) indicated the presence of diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, followed by phosphatidylglycerol and phosphatidylcholine. The predominant polyamine of strain A648(T) was 1,3-diaminopropane and moderate amounts of putrescine, spermidine and spermine were also detected. The respiratory quinone consisted of ubiquinone with nine isoprene units (Q-9). On the basis of DNA-DNA hybridization, phenotypic characteristics and chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic comparisons with other members of the genus Acinetobacter, strain A648(T) is found to be a novel species of the genus Acinetobacter, for which the name Acinetobacter indicus sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is A648(T) ( = DSM 25388(T) = CCM 7832(T)).

  9. Cryptosporangium cibodasense sp. nov., isolated from leaf litter in Indonesia.

    PubMed

    Nurkanto, Arif; Lisdiyanti, Puspita; Hamada, Moriyuki; Ratnakomala, Shanti; Shibata, Chiyo; Tamura, Tomohiko

    2015-12-01

    A novel actinomycete strain, designated LIPI11-2-Ac046T, was isolated from a leaf litter sample obtained from Cibodas Botanical Garden, West Java, Indonesia, using the rehydration and centrifugation method. The taxonomic status of this organism was established using a polyphasic approach. Comparative 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis revealed that strain LIPI11-2-Ac046T had the closest sequence similarities with members of the genus Cryptosporangium (97.99-98.90 %). The strain grew well on ISP 4 and ISP 5 media and formed sporangia. Spores of this strain were motile. The strain grew in the presence of 0-2 % (w/v) NaCl and the temperature range of 15-28 8C. The cell-wall hydrolysate contained meso-diaminopimelic acid as the diagnostic diamino acid and the whole-cell hydrolysate contained mannose, glucose, galactose, ribose and xylose, together with one unidentified O-methyl-pentose. The predominant menaquinones were MK-9(H4), MK-9(H6) and MK-9(H8), and the major polar lipid was phosphatidylethanolamine. The major cellular fatty acids were C18 : 1ω9c, iso-C16 : 0, C16 : 0 andC17 : 1ω9c. These phenotypic characteristics corresponded to those of the genus Cryptosporangium. Meanwhile, the results of DNA-DNA hybridization as well as physiological and biochemical analyses distinguished strain LIPI11-2-Ac046T from known members of the genus Cryptosporangium. On the basis of these data, it is proposed that strain LIPI11-2-Ac046T represents a novel species of the genus Cryptosporangium, with the name Cryptosporangium cibodasense sp. nov. The type strain is LIPI11-2-Ac046T (=InaCC A457T=NBRC 110976T).

  10. Parasediminibacterium paludis gen. nov., sp. nov., isolated from wetland.

    PubMed

    Kang, Heeyoung; Kim, Haneul; Joung, Yochan; Joh, Kiseong

    2016-01-01

    A novel orange-pigmented bacterial strain, designated HME6815T, was isolated from wetland in Jeju Island, Republic of Korea. The cells were Gram stain-negative, non-motile, strictly aerobic and rod-shaped. Optimal growth occurred at 30 °C and pH 7.0 on R2A agar. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain HME6815T formed a distinct phyletic lineage within the family Chitinophagaceae and was most closely related to members of the genera Sediminibacterium, Vibrionimonas, Hydrobacter, Hydrotalea and Asinibacterium with 92.3-94.3 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity. The major cellular fatty acids were iso-C15 : 0, iso-C17 : 0 3-OH, summed feature 3 (C16 : 1ω7c and/or C16 : 1ω6c) and iso-C13 : 0. The only respiratory quinone was MK-7. Polar lipid analysis revealed the presence of phosphatidylethanolamine, four unidentified aminolipids, one unidentified aminophospholipid and three unidentified polar lipids. The DNA G+C content was 38.4 mol%. On the basis of the evidence presented in this study, strain HME6815T represents a novel species of a new genus in the family Chitinophagaceae, for which the name Parasediminibacterium paludis gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain of the type species is HME6815T ( = KCTC 23736T = CECT 8010T).

  11. Halomonas xiaochaidanensis sp. nov., isolated from a salt lake sediment.

    PubMed

    Liu, Wen; Zhang, Guojing; Xian, Wendong; Yang, Jian; Yang, Lingling; Xiao, Min; Jiang, Hongchen; Li, Wen-Jun

    2016-10-01

    A short-rod-shaped moderately halophilic bacterium, designated CUG 00002(T), was isolated from the sediment of Xiaochaidan salt lake in Qinghai Province, China by using R2A medium. The cells were Gram-staining negative, aerobic, forming creamy and circular colonies with diameters of 2-3 mm on R2A agar when incubated at 30 °C for 3 days. 16S rRNA gene-based phylogenetic analysis indicated that strain CUG 00002(T) belonged to the genus Halomonas in the class Gammaproteobacteria, showing highest sequence similarity of 97.1 and 96.7 % to Halomonas mongoliensis Z-7009(T) (=DSM 17332=VKM B2353) and Halomonas shengliensis SL014B-85(T) (=CGMCC 1.6444(T)=LMG 23897(T)), respectively. The predominant isoprenoid quinone was ubiquinone-9 (Q9), and the major fatty acids were C16:0, summed feature 3 (comprising C16:1 ω7c and/or C16:1 ω6c) and summed feature 8 (comprising C18:1 ω7c or C18:1 ω6c). The genomic DNA G+C content of strain CUG 00002(T) was 61.8 mol%. The above characteristics were consistent with the placement of the organism in the genus Halomonas. The level of DNA-DNA relatedness between CUG 00002(T) and its most closely related strain H. mongoliensis Z-7009(T) was 41.0 ± 1.6 %. Based on the results of phenotypic, phylogenetic and biochemical analyses, strain CUG 00002(T) represents a novel species of the genus Halomonas, for which the name Halomonas xiaochaidanensis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is CUG 00002(T) (=CCTCC AB 2014152(T)=KCTC 42685(T)).

  12. Emticicia paludis sp. nov., isolated from wetland freshwater.

    PubMed

    Kang, Heeyoung; Kim, Haneul; Joung, Yochan; Joh, Kiseong

    2016-09-01

    A novel bacterium, designated HMF3850T, was isolated from freshwater collected from the Gyeong-an wetland, Republic of Korea. Cells were Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, straight rods, non-motile, and oxidase- and catalase-positive. Growth was observed at pH 6.0-8.0 and at 10-30 °C on R2A agar. Comparative analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain HMF3850T is a member of the genus Emticicia, sharing highest sequence similarities with Emticicia aquatica HMF2925T (96.7 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity), Emticicia sediminis JBR12T (95.0 %), Emticicia ginsengisoliGsoil 085T (94.9 %) and Emticicia oligotrophica DSM 17448T (94.7 %). The major fatty acids were iso-C15 : 0, summed feature 3 (C16 : 1ω7c and/or C16 : 1ω6c) and C16 : 0. The predominant respiratory quinone was MK-7. The major polar lipids were phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylinositol, one unidentified aminophospholipid, two unidentified aminolipids and eight unidentified polar lipids. The DNA G+C content was 38.5 mol %. On the basis of the evidence presented in this study, strain HMF3850T represents a novel species of the genus Emticicia, for which the name Emticicia paludis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is HMF3850T (=KCTC 42851T=CECT 9087T).

  13. Brevundimonas albigilva sp. nov., Isolated from Forest Soil.

    PubMed

    Pham, Van Hong Thi; Jeong, Sujeong; Chung, Sujin; Kim, Jaisoo

    2015-12-16

    Strain NHI-13T, a gram-negative, aerobic, and short rod-shaped bacterium, was isolated from forest soil at Kyonggi University in Suwon, South Korea. It grew optimally in R2A medium, at 28-35 °C, in the presence of 0-4% NaCl. Colonies resulting from incubation of the strain on agar plates for 2 days were circular, raised, translucent, viscous and whitish yellow-coloured, with entire margins. This strain exhibited high catalase activity but was negative for oxidase. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis showed that strain NHI-13T formed a coherent cluster with members of the genus Brevundimonas. Its similarities were 98.0% with Brevundimonas aurantiaca DSM 4731T, 97.9% with Brevundimonas vesicularis LMG 2350T, 97.6% with Brevundimonas intermedia ATCC 15262T, 97.5% with Brevundimonas nasdae GTC 1043T, 97.1% with Brevundimonas "olei" MJ15T, 97.1% with Brevundimonas mediterranea V4.BO.10T, and 97.0% with Brevundimonas poindexterae FWC40T. The major cellular fatty acids were summed feature 8 (C18:1ω7c/C18:1ω6c), C16:0 and C18:1 ω7c 11-methyl. The DNA G+C content was 63 mol%. The predominant quinone was Q-10 as the ubiquinone. The polar lipid profile contained MGDOx, MGD, DGLs, PG, PGL and other unknown lipids. The DNA relatedness of strain NHI-13T with its reference strains was in the range of 43-56%. Based on its phenotypic, genotypic, chemotaxonomic, and phylogenetic distinctiveness, strain NHI-13T is suggested to be a new species, belonging to the genus Brevundimonas. Therefore, the name Brevundimonas albigilva. sp. nov. is proposed, with the type strain being NHI-13T (KEME 9005-016T=KACC 18249T=JCM 30385T).

  14. Flavihumibacter sediminis sp. nov., isolated from tidal flat sediment.

    PubMed

    Lee, Do-Hoon; Cha, Chang-Jun

    2016-11-01

    A yellow, Gram-staining-positive, aerobic, rod-shaped and non-motile bacterial strain, designated CJ663T, was isolated from the tidal flat sediment in Ganghwa-do, South Korea. Strain CJ663T grew optimally on R2A at 30 °C and pH 7.0 and did not require NaCl for growth. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity showed that strain CJ663T belonged to the genus Flavihumibacter within the family Chitinophagaceae and was most closely related to Flavihumibacter cheonanensis KACC 17467T (98.3 % similarity), followed by Flavihumibacter solisilvae KACC 17917T (97.4 %). DNA-DNA relatedness levels of strain CJ663T were 42.9 % to F. cheonanensis KACC 17467T and 48.6 % to F. solisilvae KACC 17917T. The major isoprenoid quinone was menaquinone 7 (MK-7). The predominant polar lipids were phosphatidylethanolamine, aminophospholipid and two unidentified lipids. The major cellular fatty acids of strain CJ663T were iso-C15 : 0, anteiso-C15 : 0 and iso-C17 : 0 3-OH. The G+C content of the genomic DNA was 47.7 mol%. On the basis of data from this polyphasic taxonomic study, strain CJ663T represents a novel species in the genus Flavihumibacter, for which name Flavihumibacter sediminis sp. nov. is proposed; the type strain is CJ663T (=KACC 18874T=JCM 31431T).

  15. Cloacibacterium caeni sp. nov., isolated from activated sludge.

    PubMed

    Chun, Byung Hee; Lee, Yunhee; Jin, Hyun Mi; Jeon, Che Ok

    2017-02-01

    A Gram-stain-negative, facultative anaerobic bacterium, designated B6T, was isolated from activated sludge of a wastewater treatment plant in South Korea. Cells were oxidase- and catalase-positive and non-motile rods producing yellow carotenoid-type pigments. Growth of strain B6T was observed at 20-40 C (optimum, 37 C) and pH 6.6-8.2 (optimum, pH 7.0) and in R2A broth supplemented with 0-1 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 0 %). Strain B6T contained iso-C15:0 as the major fatty acid. Menaquinone-6 was detected as the sole respiratory quinone. The G+C content of the genomic DNA in strain B6T was 31.5 mol%. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain B6T formed a tight phylogenic lineage with members of the genus Cloacibacterium. Strain B6T was most closely related to Cloacibacterium rupense R2A-16T (99.0 %), Cloacibacterium normanense NRS1T (98.7 %) and Cloacibacterium haliotis WB5T (97.4 %), but their DNA-DNA related levels were less than 42.0 %. On the basis of phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and molecular properties, it is clear that strain B6T represents a novel species of the genus Cloacibacterium, for which the name Cloacibacterium caeni sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is B6T (=KACC 18988T =JCM 31714T).

  16. Roseovarius lacus sp. nov., isolated from Yuncheng Saline Lake, China.

    PubMed

    Pan, Jiafeng; Yu, Zhen; Tang, Jia; Yang, Guiqin; Zhuang, Li; Liu, Zhi; Zhou, Shungui

    2017-03-01

    Strain GSS12(T), a Gram-negative, aerobic, non-flagellated, ovoid- to rod-shaped (0.5-0.7 × 0.9-3.0 µm) bacterium, was isolated from Yuncheng Saline Lake, China. Growth occurred with 0.5-16.0 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum 4.5 %), at pH 5.0-10.0 (optimum pH 6.0-6.5) and at 10-50 °C (optimum 37 °C). The major fatty acids (>5.0 %) found in GSS12(T) were summed feature 8 (72.2 %), C16:0 (9.0 %) and C18:1 ω7c 11-methyl (6.4 %). The DNA G+C content was 62.7 mol%. Analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain GSS12(T) forms a stable clade with species of the genus Roseovarius, being related to R. pacificus 81-2(T) and R. litoreus GSW-M15(T) with 97.9 and 96.7 % of sequence similarity, respectively. The DNA-DNA relatedness values between strain GSS12(T) and R. pacificus 81-2(T) and R. halotolerans HJ50(T) were low (36 and 29 %, respectively). The phenotypic, physiological, biochemical and genetic characteristics support the assignment of strain GSS12(T) to the genus Roseovarius and represent a novel species. The name Roseovarius lacus sp. nov. is proposed, with strain GSS12(T) (=KCTC 52185(T) =MCCC 1K02302(T)) as the type strain.

  17. Photobacterium aquae sp. nov., isolated from a recirculating mariculture system.

    PubMed

    Liu, Ying; Liu, Liang-Zi; Song, Lei; Zhou, Yu-Guang; Qi, Fang-Jun; Liu, Zhi-Pei

    2014-02-01

    A Gram-staining-negative, heterotrophic, facultatively anaerobic bacterium, designated AE6(T), was isolated from a grouper (Epinephelus malabaricas) culture tank in a recirculating mariculture system located in Tianjin, China. Strain AE6(T) was able to grow at 15-40 °C (optimum, 30-35 °C), at pH 5.5-10.0 (optimum, pH 7.0-7.5) and in the presence of 0.5-7% (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 2-3%). It contained Q-8 as the predominant respiratory quinone, phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) and phosphatidylglycerol (PG) as the major polar lipids and C(16 : 1)ω7c/C(16 : 1)ω6c (40.4%), C(18 : 1)ω7c (15.5%) and C(16 : 0) (13.5%) as the predominant cellular fatty acids. The genomic DNA G+C content was 47.1 mol%. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain AE6(T) belonged to the genus Photobacterium (94.2-96.8% of 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity) and formed a distinct phylogenetic lineage within the genus and exhibited the highest sequence similarity to Photobacterium aphoticum CECT 7614(T) (96.8%). Multilocus sequence analysis (MLSA) using four loci (gyrB, rpoA, pyrH and recA) also revealed that strain AE6(T) was phylogenetically related to the genus Photobacterium. Based on the phylogenetic, chemotaxonomic and phenotypic evidence, strain AE6(T) is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Photobacterium, for which the name Photobacterium aquae sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is AE6(T) ( = CGMCC 1.12159(T) = JCM 18480(T)).

  18. Bacillus oryzisoli sp. nov., isolated from rice rhizosphere.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Xiao-Xia; Gao, Ju-Sheng; Zhang, Lei; Zhang, Cai-Wen; Ma, Xiao-Tong; Zhang, Jun

    2016-09-01

    The taxonomy of strain 1DS3-10T, a Gram-staining-positive, endospore-forming bacterium isolated from rice rhizosphere, was investigated using a polyphasic approach. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences demonstrated that the novel strain was grouped with established members of the genus Bacillus and appeared to be closely related to the type strains Bacillus benzoevorans DSM 5391T (97.9 %), Bacillus circulans DSM 11T (97.7 %), Bacillus novalis JCM 21709T (97.3 %), Bacillus soli JCM 21710T (97.3 %), Bacillus oceanisediminis CGMCC 1.10115T (97.3 %) and BacillusnealsoniiFO-92T (97.1 %). The fatty acid profile of strain 1DS3-10T, which showed a predominance of iso-C15 : 0 and anteiso-C15 : 0, supported the allocation of the strain to the genus Bacillus. The predominant menaquinone was MK-7 (100 %). The major polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol and unknown aminolipids. Cell-wall peptidoglycan contained meso-diaminopimelic acid. DNA-DNA hybridization values between strain 1DS3-10T and the type strains of closely related species were 25-33 %, which supported that 1DS3-10T represented a novel species in the genus Bacillus. The results of some physiological and biochemical tests also allowed the phenotypic differentiation of strain 1DS3-10T from the most closely related recognized species. On the basis of the phylogenetic and phenotypic evidence, strain 1DS3-10T represents a novel species of the genus Bacillus, for which the name Bacillus oryzisoli sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain of the novel species is 1DS3-10T (=ACCC 19781T=DSM 29761T).

  19. Streptomyces lopnurensis sp. nov., an actinomycete isolated from soil.

    PubMed

    Zheng, Bei; Han, Xiao-Xue; Xia, Zhan-Feng; Wan, Chuan-Xing; Zhang, Li-Li

    2014-12-01

    A novel actinomycete, designated strain TRM 49590(T), was isolated from a soil sample from Lop Nur in Xinjiang Province, China. Strain TRM 49590(T) was aerobic, Gram-staining-positive, with an optimum NaCl concentration for growth of 1.5 % (w/v) and an optimum temperature for growth of 28-37 °C. The aerial mycelium was sparse, cylindrical and smooth-surfaced with irregular branches on ISP medium 4. The whole-cell sugars of strain TRM 49590(T) were ribose and glucose. The diagnostic diamino acid contained ll-diaminopimelic acid. The predominant menaquinones were MK-9(H6) and MK-9(H8), with MK-9(H4) and MK-10(H6) present in smaller amounts. The major fatty acids were iso-C16 : 0, anteiso-C15 : 0 and anteiso-C17 : 0. The G+C content of the genomic DNA was 62.2 mol%. The major polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylinositol and phosphatidylinositol mannoside. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain TRM 49590(T) belongs to the genus Streptomyces with a sequence similarity of 97.16 % with the most closely related species Streptomyces sodiiphilus. Based on these observations, strain TRM 49590(T) is proposed to represent a novel species of the genus Streptomyces for which the name Streptomyces lopnurensis sp. nov. is suggested. The type strain is TRM 49590(T) ( = CCTCC AA 2013018(T) = NRRL B59109(T)).

  20. Sphingomonas crusticola sp. nov., isolated from biological soil crusts.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Kaishuai; Tang, Kai; Feng, Fuying; Yuan, Bo; Zhang, Xiaojun; Meng, Jianyu

    2017-08-01

    A yellow-pigmented, Gram-stain-negative, short-rod-shaped bacterial strain, MIMD3T, was isolated from biological soil crusts collected in Liangcheng, north-western China. Cell growth could be observed at 10-37 °C (optimum 25 °C), at pH 5-8 (optimum 6.6) and in the presence of 1 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum 0 %). The genomic DNA G+C content was 65.0 mol%. Analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain MIMD3T shared the highest similarity with Sphingomonas vulcanisoli KCTC 42454T (95.1 %), Sphingomonas oligophenolica JCM 12082T (94.8 %), Sphingomonas mali IFO 15500T (94.5 %), Sphingomonas. leidyi ATCC 15260T (94.4 %) and Sphingomonas formosensis CC-Nfb-2T (94.3 %). The strain had Q-10 as the predominant respiratory quinone, and sym-homospermidine as the major polyamine. The major fatty acids of the strain were summed feature 8 (C18 : 1ω7c and/or C18 : 1ω6c), C19 : 0 cyclo ω8c, C14 : 0 2-OH and C16 : 0. The main polar lipids of strain MIMD3T were phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine and sphingoglycolipid. Based on phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic characteristics, it is concluded that strain MIMD3T represents a novel species of the genus Sphingomonas, for which the name Sphingomonas crusticola sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is MIMD3T (=KCTC 42801T=MCCC 1K01310T).

  1. Flavobacterium suzhouense sp. nov., isolated from farmland river sludge.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Hao; Cheng, Ming-Gen; Sun, Bin; Guo, Su-Hui; Song, Man; Li, Qiang; Huang, Xing

    2015-02-01

    A Gram-stain-negative bacterium, designated XIN-1(T), was isolated from a farmland river sludge sample in Suzhou, China. Cells of strain XIN-1(T) were strictly aerobic, non-motile and rod-shaped. Strain XIN-1(T) grew optimally at pH 7.0 and 28 °C. Phylogenetic analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain XIN-1(T) was most closely related to Flavobacterium hauense BX12(T) (98.2 % sequence similarity), followed by Flavobacterium beibuense F44-8(T) (96.3 %). The major respiratory quinone was menaquinone-6 and the major polar lipid was phosphatidylethanolamine. The major fatty acids (>5 %) were summed feature 3 (comprising C16 : 1ω7c and/or C16 : 1ω6c), summed feature 4 (comprising iso-C17 : 1 I and/or anteiso-C17 : 1 B), iso-C15 : 0, C16 : 0 and iso-C17 : 0 3-OH. The genomic DNA G+C content of strain XIN-1(T) was 39.8 mol%. Strain XIN-1(T) showed low DNA-DNA relatedness with F. hauense BX12(T) (38.7±0.5 %). On the basis of genotypic and phenotypic data, strain XIN-1(T) is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Flavobacterium, for which the name Flavobacterium suzhouense sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is XIN-1(T) ( = CCTCC AB 2014200(T) = KCTC 42107(T)).

  2. Flavobacterium ginsengiterrae sp. nov., isolated from a ginseng field.

    PubMed

    Kim, Sang-Rae; Kim, Yeon-Ju; Nguyen, Ngoc-Lan; Min, Jin-Woo; Jeon, Ji-Na; Yang, Dong-Uk; Yang, Deok-Chun

    2011-01-01

    A novel strain of Flavobacterium, DCY55(T), a Gram-negative, yellow-pigmented, rod-shaped, non-spore-forming and gliding-motile bacterium, was isolated from the soil of a ginseng field in South Korea. Phylogenetic analysis, based on the 16S rRNA sequence, demonstrated that strain DCY55(T) belongs to the genus Flavobacterium within the family Flavobacteriaceae. Strain DCY55(T) showed the highest similarity with F. johnsoniae UW101(T) (97.1%), F. ginsenosidimutans THG 01(T) (96.8%), F. defluvii EMB 117(T) (96.6%), F. banpakuense 15F3(T) (96.3%) and F. anhuiense D3(T) (95.8%). Chemotaxonomic results showed that strain DCY55(T) predominantly contains menaquinone MK-6, that its DNA G+C content is 36.1mol%, and that its major cellular fatty acids are iso-C(15:0), summed feature 3 (comprising iso-C(15:0) 2-OH and/or C(16:1) ω 7c) and C(16:0). The chemotaxonomic and genotypic characteristics support the taxonomic classification of strain DCY55(T) to the genus Flavobacterium. The results of physiological and biochemical tests confirmed that strain DCY55(T) is distinct from previously validated species. We conclude that strain DCY55(T) should be classified as a novel species of the genus Flavobacterium, for which the name Flavobacterium ginsengiterrae sp. nov. is proposed, with the type strain DCY55(T) (=KCTC 23319(T) = JCM 17337(T)).

  3. Flavobacterium daemonensis sp. nov., isolated from Daemo Mountain soil.

    PubMed

    Ngo, Hien T T; Kook, MooChang; Yi, Tae-Hoo

    2015-03-01

    A Gram-staining-negative, catalase- and oxidase-positive, obligately aerobic, motile by gliding, bright yellow and rod-shaped bacterial strain was isolated from soil of Daemo Mountain (Daemosan) in Seoul, Republic of Korea. Its taxonomic position was investigated by using a polyphasic study. On the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequence comparisons, strain THG-DJ7(T) was found to be most closely related to Flavobacterium denitrificans ED5(T) (97.9 % sequence similarity), Flavobacterium ginsenosidimutans THG 01(T) (97.6 %), Flavobacterium kyungheensis THG-107(T) (97.5 %), Flavobacterium anhuiense D3(T) (97.1 %) and Flavobacterium ginsengisoli DCY54(T) (97.0 %). The DNA-DNA relatedness between strain THG-DJ7(T) and its phylogenetically closest neighbours was below 40.0 %. The G+C content of the genomic DNA was determined to be 32.6 mol%. The only isoprenoid quinone detected in strain THG-DJ7(T) was menaquinone-6 (MK-6). The major component in the polyamine pattern was sym-homospermidine. The major polar lipids were found to be phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidyldimethylethanolamine, an unidentified aminophosphoglycolipid, phosphatidylserine and an unidentified lipid. The major fatty acids were identified as iso-C15 : 0, iso-C15 : 0 3-OH and summed feature 3 (comprising C16 : 1ω7c and/or C16 : 1ω6c). These data support the affiliation of strain THG-DJ7(T) to the genus Flavobacterium. We report the phenotypic, genotypic and phylogenetic characterization of strain THG-DJ7(T). Based on the findings presented, a novel species of the genus Flavobacterium, Flavobacterium daemonensis sp. nov. is proposed, with THG-DJ7(T) ( = KACC 17651(T) = JCM 19455(T)) as the type strain.

  4. Paraliobacillus sediminis sp. nov., isolated from East China sea sediment.

    PubMed

    Cao, Wen-Rui; Guo, Ling-Yun; Du, Zong-Jun; Das, Anindita; Saren, Gaowa; Jiang, Ming-Yu; Dunlap, Christopher A; Rooney, Alejandro P; Yu, Xin-Ke; Li, Tie-Gang

    2017-05-01

    A Gram-strain-positive, facultatively anaerobic, motile, endospore-forming, slightly halophilic bacterium, designated strain 126C4T, was isolated from sediment from the East China Sea. The strain was catalase-positive and oxidase-negative. Optimal growth occurred at 28-30 °C, pH 7.0-7.5 and in the presence of 3-5 % (w/v) NaCl. Phylogenetic analyses, based on 16S rRNA gene sequence comparisons, showed that strain 126C4T was a member of the genus Paraliobacillus, with 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities to Paraliobacillus quinghaiensis YIM-C158T and Paraliobacillus ryukyuensis O15-7T of 96.2 % and 95.3 %, repectively. The DNA G+C content was 39.6 mol%. The strain contained MK-7 as the sole respiratory quinone, anteiso-C15 : 0, C16 : 0, iso-C15 : 0 and iso-C16 : 0 as the major cellular fatty acids, and its polar lipid pattern comprised diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, three glycolipids and four unknown phospholipids. On the basis of its phylogenetic position, phenotypic traits and chemotaxonomic characteristics, it is suggested that strain 126C4T represents a novel species of the genus Paraliobacillus, for which the name Paraliobacillus sediminis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is 126C4T (=KCTC 33762T=MCCC 1H00136T).

  5. Hymenobacter terrenus sp. nov., isolated from biological soil crusts.

    PubMed

    Tang, Kai; Yuan, Bo; Lai, Qiliang; Wang, Ruigang; Bao, Haizhu; Feng, Fu Ying

    2015-12-01

    A Gram-stain-negative, non-spore-forming, short rod-shaped, non-motile, light-pink bacterial strain, MIMtkLc17T, was isolated from biological soil crusts collected in Liangcheng, Inner Mongolia. Growth of strain MIMtkLc17T was observed at 2-35 °C and in the presence of 1% (w/v) NaCl. Phylogenetic analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that sequence similarities between strain MIMtkLc17T and the type strains of species of the genus Hymenobacter ranged from 89.93% to 96.49%. Strain MIMtkLc17T can secrete mass polysaccharide. The major fatty acids of strain MIMtkLc17T were iso-C15 : 0, summed feature 3 (C16 : 1ω7c/C16 : 1ω6c), C16 : 1ω5c and summed feature 4 (iso-C17 : 1 I/anteiso-C17 : 1 B). The sole respiratory quinone was menaquinone MK-7. The G+C content of the chromosomal DNA was 57.8 mol%. The results of phylogenetic, chemotaxonomic and phenotypic characterization indicated that strain MIMtkLc17T can be distinguished from all known species of the genus Hymenobacter and represents a novel species of this genus, for which the name Hymenobacter terrenus sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is MIMtkLc17T ( = MCCC 1K00507T = KCTC 42636T).

  6. Saccharibacillus deserti sp. nov., isolated from desert soil.

    PubMed

    Sun, Ji-Quan; Wang, Xin-Ying; Wang, Li-Juan; Xu, Lian; Liu, Min; Wu, Xiao-Lei

    2016-02-01

    A Gram-stain-positive, facultatively anaerobic bacterial strain, designated WLJ055T, with polar and subpolar flagella was isolated from the top layer of desert soil from Erdos, Inner Mongolia, northern China. Phylogenetic analysis, based on 16S rRNA gene sequences, revealed that strain WLJ055T was a member of the genus Saccharibacillus, and shared 97.17-97.24 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities with Saccharibacillus sacchari GR21T and Saccharibacillus kuerlensis HR1T. The major polar lipids of strain WLJ055T were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, an unknown aminophospholipid, two unknown glycolipids and an unknown phosphoglycolipid. MK-7 was the predominant menaquinone, while anteiso-C15 : 0, C16 : 0, iso-C16 : 0, and anteiso-C17 : 0 were the major cellular fatty acids. Its genomic DNA G+C content was 55.5 mol%. DNA-DNA hybridization revealed that strain WLJ055T showed 45 ± 5 % and 40 ± 5 % genomic DNA relatedness with its two closest relatives, S. sacchari GR21T and S. kuerlensis HR1T, respectively. The results of physiological and biochemical tests allowed the discrimination of strain WLJ055T from its phylogenetic relatives. Saccharibacillus deserti sp. nov. is therefore proposed to be a novel species of the genus Saccharibacillus, with strain WLJ055T ( = CGMCC 1.15276T = KCTC 33693T) as the type strain.

  7. Mucilaginibacter vulcanisilvae sp. nov., isolated from a volcanic forest.

    PubMed

    Baek, Kyunghwa; Ok Jeon, Che

    2015-07-01

    A Gram-stain-negative, strictly aerobic, pale-pink-pigmented bacterium, designated strain G27(T), was isolated from a volcanic forest of Jeju Island, South Korea. Cells were catalase- and oxidase-positive, non-motile rods producing exopolysaccharide and flexirubin-type and pale pink pigments. Growth of strain G27(T) was observed at 4-30 °C (optimum, 25 °C) and pH 5.0-8.0 (optimum, pH 7.0). Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain G27(T) formed a phyletic lineage within the genus Mucilaginibacter of the family Sphingobacteriaceae. Strain G27(T) was related most closely to Mucilaginibacter gossypii Gh-67(T) at 96.5% 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity. Strain G27(T) contained menaquinone 7 (MK-7) as the sole isoprenoid quinone and summed feature 3 (comprising C16:1ω7c/C16:1ω6c), iso-C15:0, C16:0, C16:1ω5c and C16:1ω5c as the major cellular fatty acids. Phosphatidylethanolamine was identified as the major polar lipid. The G+C content of the genomic DNA was 46.5 mol%. On the basis of phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and molecular properties, strain G27(T) represents a novel species of the genus Mucilaginibacter, for which the name Mucilaginibacter vulcanisilvae sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is G27(T) ( = KACC 18231(T) = JCM 30363(T)).

  8. Rhabdobacter roseus gen. nov., sp. nov., isolated from soil.

    PubMed

    Dahal, Ram Hari; Kim, Jaisoo

    2016-01-01

    An aerobic, Gram-stain-negative, oxidase- and catalase-positive, non-motile, non-spore-forming, rod-shaped, pink-pigmented bacterium, designated strain R49T, was isolated from soil. Flexirubin-type pigments were absent. Phylogenetic analysis based on its 16S rRNA gene sequence revealed that strain R49T formed a lineage within the family Cytophagaceae of the phylum Bacteroidetes that was distinct from the most closely related genera Dyadobacter (91.98-93.85 % sequence similarity), Persicitalea (88.69 %) and Runella (84.79-85.81 %). The major isoprenoid quinone was menaquinone-7 (MK-7) and the major polar lipid was phosphatidylethanolamine. The major cellular fatty acids were summed feature 3 (C16 : 1ω7c and/or C16 : 1ω6c), iso-C15 : 0, C16 : 1ω5c, C16 : 0 and iso-C17 : 0 3-OH. The DNA G+C content of strain R49T was 53.9 mol%. On the basis of phenotypic, genotypic and phylogenetic analysis, strain R49T represents a novel species of a new genus in the family Cytophagaceae, for which the name Rhabdobacter roseus gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain of Rhabdobacter roseus is R49T ( = KEMB 9005-318T = KACC 18395T = JCM 30685T).

  9. Aeromicrobium halotolerans sp. nov., isolated from desert soil sample.

    PubMed

    Yan, Zheng-Fei; Lin, Pei; Chu, Xiao; Kook, MooChang; Li, Chang-Tian; Yi, Tae-Hoo

    2016-07-01

    A Gram-positive, aerobic, and non-motile, rod-shaped actinomycete strain, designated YIM Y47(T), was isolated from soils collected from Turpan desert, China, and subjected to a polyphasic taxonomic study. Phylogenetic analysis indicated that strain YIM Y47(T) belonged to the genus Aeromicrobium. YIM Y47(T) shared highest 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities with Aeromicrobium massiliense JC14(T) (96.47 %). Growth occurs at 20-45 °C (optimum at 30 °C), pH 6.0-8.0 (optimum at pH 7.0), and salinities of 0-7.0 % NaCl (optimum at 4.0 %). The strain YIM Y47(T) exhibits chemotaxonomic features with menaquinone-7 (MK-7) as the predominant quinone, C16:0, C18:1 ω9c and 10-methyl C18:0 (>10 %) as major fatty acids. The cell-wall peptidoglycan of strain YIM Y47(T) contained LL-diaminopimelic acid as the diagnostic diamino acid. The polar lipids were found to consist of diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylinositol, and unknown phospholipids. The G+C content of the genomic DNA of strain YIM Y47(T) was found to be 44.7 mol%. On the basis of phylogenetic analyses and phenotypic data, it is proposed that strain YIM Y47(T) should be classified as representing a novel species of the genus Aeromicrobium, with the name Aeromicrobium halotolerans sp. nov. The type strain is YIM Y47(T) (=KCTC 39113(T)=CGMCC 1.15063(T)=DSM 29939(T)=JCM 30627(T)).

  10. Chryseomicrobium aureum sp. nov., a bacterium isolated from activated sludge.

    PubMed

    Deng, Shi-Kai; Ye, Xiao-Mei; Chu, Cui-Wei; Jiang, Jin; He, Jian; Zhang, Jun; Li, Shun-Peng

    2014-08-01

    A Gram-stain-positive, rod-shaped, non-motile, non-spore-forming, aerobic bacterial strain, designated BUT-2(T), was isolated from activated sludge of one herbicide-manufacturing wastewater-treatment facility in Kunshan, Jiangsu province, China, and subjected to polyphasic taxonomic studies. Analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequence indicated that strain BUT-2(T) shared the highest similarity with Chryseomicrobium amylolyticum (98.98%), followed by Chryseomicrobium imtechense (98.88%), with less than 96% similarlity to members of the genera Paenisporosarcina, Planococcus, Sporosarcina and Planomicrobium. Phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence showed that strain BUT-2(T) clustered with C. amylolyticum JC16(T) and C. imtechense MW10(T), occupying a distinct phylogenetic position. The major fatty acid (>10% of total fatty acids) type of strain BUT-2(T) was iso-C(15 : 0). The quinone system comprised menaquinone MK-7 (77.8%), MK-6 (11.9%) and MK-8 (10.3%). The polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine and some unidentified phospholipids. The cell-wall peptidoglycan type of strain BUT-2(T) was L-Orn-D-Glu. The genomic DNA G+C content of strain BUT-2(T) was 48.5 mol%. Furthermore, the DNA-DNA relatedness in hybridization experiments against the reference strain was lower than 70%, confirming that strain BUT-2(T) did not belong to previously described species of the genus Chryseomicrobium. On the basis of its morphological, physiological and chemotaxonomic characteristics as well as phylogenetic analysis, strain BUT-2(T) is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Chryseomicrobium, for which the name Chryseomicrobium aureum sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is BUT-2(T) ( = CCTCC AB2013082(T) = KACC 17219(T)).

  11. Mucilaginibacter yixingensis sp. nov., isolated from vegetable soil.

    PubMed

    Jing, Yi-Ting; Wang, Ping; Zhang, Hao; Dong, Wei-Liang; Jing, Yin-Juan; Xiao, Yong-Liang; Cao, Hui

    2016-04-01

    A Gram-reaction-negative, aerobic, non-motile, non-spore-forming, rod-shaped bacterium, designated YX-36T, was isolated from a vegetable plot in Yixing, Jiangsu province, China. The strain grew at 15-37 °C (optimally at 37 °C), at pH 6.0-9.5 (optimally at pH 6.5) and in the presence of 0-1% (w/v) NaCl (optimally without NaCl). Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain YX-36T was related most closely to Mucilaginibacter herbaticus DR-9T (96.88% similarity), followed by Mucilaginibacter sabulilitoris SMS-12T (95.78%), Mucilaginibacter polysacchareus DR-f3T (95.77%) and Mucilaginibacter polysacchareus DRP28T (95.77%). The DNA G+C content of strain YX-36T was 47.2 mol%. The only isoprenoid quinone was menaquinone 7 (MK-7). The major polar lipids were phosphatidylethanolamine and aminophospholipid. The major fatty acids were iso-C15:0, summed feature 3 (iso-C15:0 2-OH/C16:1ω7c) and iso-C17:0 3-OH. On the basis of phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic data, strain YX-36T represents a novel species of the genus Mucilaginibacter, for which the name Mucilaginibacter yixingensis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is YX-36T (=DSM 26809T=CCTCC AB 2012880T).

  12. Rhodovulum aestuarii sp. nov., isolated from a brackish water body.

    PubMed

    Divyasree, B; Lakshmi, K V N S; Bharti, Dave; Sasikala, Ch; Ramana, Ch V

    2016-01-01

    A yellowish brown, phototrophic, purple non-sulfur bacterium, strain JA924T, was isolated in pure culture from a brackish water sample collected from an estuary. Single cells were oval to rod-shaped, non-motile and Gram-stain-negative and had a vesicular architecture of intracellular photosynthetic membranes. Bacteriochlorophyll-a and carotenoids of the spheroidene series were present as photosynthetic pigments. Photolithoautotrophy, chemo-organoheterotrophy and photo-organoheterotrophy were the growth modes observed. Strain JA924T had complex growth requirements. Strain JA924T was mesophilic and moderately halophilic. The DNA G+C content was 64 mol% (HPLC). The major cellular fatty acids were C18 : 1ω7c/C18 : 1ω6c, C16 : 0 and C18 : 0. The major quinone was ubiquinone-10 (Q-10). Phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, sulfolipid and an aminolipid were the main polar lipids of strain JA924T. EzTaxon-e blast searches based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence of JA924T revealed highest similarity with Rhodovulum mangrovi AK41T (98.19 %) and other members of the genus Rhodovulum ( < 95.71 %). Strain JA924T was further identified to be distantly related to Rhodovulum mangrovi AK41T ( < 29 % based on DNA-DNA hybridization and ΔTm (>5 °C). Phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and molecular differences indicate that strain JA924T represents a novel species of the genus Rhodovulum, for which the name Rhodovulum aestuarii sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is JA924T ( = LMG 29031T = KCTC 15485T).

  13. Brachybacterium horti sp. nov., isolated from garden soil.

    PubMed

    Singh, Hina; Du, Juan; Yang, Jung-Eun; Shik Yin, Chang; Kook, MooChang; Yi, Tae-Hoo

    2016-01-01

    A bacterial strain, THG-S15-4T, was isolated from garden soil taken from the Guro-gu district of Seoul, Republic of Korea. Strain THG-S15-4T was Gram-stain-positive, facultatively anaerobic, coccus-shaped and non-motile, forming white colonies. The strain grew optimally at 25-37 °C, at pH 7.0 and in the presence of 0-2.0 % (w/v) NaCl. Phylogenetic analysis, based on 16S rRNA gene sequences, showed that strain THG-S15-4T was affiliated to species of the genus Brachybacterium, and the most closely related species were Brachybacterium rhamnosum KCTC 9917 T (98.5 % sequence similarity) and Brachybacterium squillarum KCTC 19899T (96.9 % sequence similarity). The DNA-DNA relatedness between strain THG-S15-4T and B. rhamnosum KCTC 9917 T was found to be below 20.0 %. The DNA G+C content was determined to be 69.5 mol%. The major isoprenoid quinone detected was MK-7. Strain THG-S15-4T was characterized chemotaxonomically as having meso-diaminopimelic acid in the cell-wall peptidoglycan. The polar lipid profile consisted of diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, unidentified glycolipids and an unidentified polar lipid. The major fatty acids were found to be iso-C16 : 0 and anteiso-C15 : 0. The results of physiological and biochemical tests enabled strain THG-S15-4T to be differentiated phenotypically from species of the genus Brachybacterium with validly published names. Therefore, it is suggested that this newly isolated organism represents a novel species, for which the name Brachybacterium horti sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is THG-S15-4T ( = KCTC 39563T = CCTCC AB 2015116T).

  14. Flavobacterium panacis sp. nov., isolated from rhizosphere of Panax ginseng.

    PubMed

    Kim, Dong Hyun; Singh, Priyanka; Farh, Mohamed El-Agamy; Kim, Yeon-Ju; Nguyen, Ngoc-Lan; Lee, Hyun A; Yang, Deok-Chun

    2016-09-01

    A novel bacterial strain, designated DCY106(T), was isolated from soil collected from the rhizosphere of ginseng (Panax ginseng), in Gochang, Republic of Korea. Strain DCY106(T) is Gram-negative, yellow-pigmented, non-flagellate, motile, non-spore-forming, rod-shaped, and strictly aerobic. The strain grows optimally at 25-30 °C and pH 6.5-7.5. Phylogenetically, strain DCY106(T) is closely related to Flavobacterium arsenitoxidans KCTC 22507(T) (98.41 %), followed by Flavobacterium cutihirudini LMG 26922(T) (97.67 %), Flavobacterium nitrogenifigens LMG 28694(T) (97.59 %), Flexibacter auranticus LMG 3987(T) (97.38 %), Flavobacterium defluvi KCTC 12612(T) (97.21 %) and Flavobacterium chilense LMG 26360(T) (97.05 %). The 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities to all other Flavobacterium species were below 97 %. The DNA G+C content of strain DCY106(T) is 34.2 mol% and the DNA-DNA relatedness between strain DCY106(T) and F. cutihirudini LMG 26922(T), F. auranticus LMG 3987(T), F. defluvi KCTC 12612(T) and F. chilense LMG 26360(T) were below 40.0 %. The menaquinone of the type MK-6 was found to be the predominant respiratory quinone. The major polar lipids were identified as phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylserine, two unidentified aminolipids (APL1, APL6) and one unidentified lipid L2. C15:0, iso-C15:0 and summed feature 3 (iso-C15:0 2OH/C16:1 ω7c) were identified as the major fatty acids present in DCY106(T). The results of physiological and biochemical tests allowed strain DCY106(T) to be differentiated phenotypically from other recognized species belonging to the genus Flavobacterium. Therefore, it is suggested that the newly isolated organism represents a novel species, for which the name Flavobacterium panacis sp. nov. is proposed with the type strain designated as DCY106(T) (= JCM 31468(T)= KCTC 42747(T)).

  15. Nocardioides flavus sp. nov., isolated from marine sediment.

    PubMed

    Wang, Shuang; Zhou, Yuan; Zhang, Gaiyun

    2016-12-01

    A Gram-stain-positive, aerobic, non-motile, non-spore-forming and short rod-shaped actinomycete strain, Y4T, was isolated from a sediment sample collected from the Western Pacific. This isolate grew in the presence of 0-10 % (w/v) NaCl and at pH 6.0-9.0 and 4-40 °C; optimum growth was observed with 1 % (w/v) NaCl and at pH 7.0 and 35-37 °C. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequence showed that strain Y4T belonged to the genus Nocardioides and was most closely related to the type strains Nocardioides ganghwensis JC2055T (98.0 %) and Nocardioides exalbidus RC825T (98.0 %), followed by Nocardioides alpinus Cr7-14T (97.9 %), Nocardioides oleivorans DSM 16090T (97.9 %), Nocardioides furvisabuli SBS-26T (97.4 %) and Nocardioides hwasunensis HFW-21T (97.4 %). Sequence similarities between strain Y4T and the other related species of the genus Nocardioides were less than 96.3 %. Strain Y4T had MK-8(H4) and MK-7(H4) as the predominant respiratory quinones and C17 : 1ω8c, iso-C16 : 0 and C17 : 0 as major fatty acids. The polar lipids contained diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylinositol, one unknown phospholipid, two unknown glycolipids and one unknown lipid. The DNA G+C content was 70.4 mol%. The diagnostic diamino acid in the cell-wall peptidoglycan was ll-diaminopimelic acid. Strain Y4T could be differentiated from recognized Nocardioides species based on phenotypic characteristics, chemotaxonomic differences, phylogenetic analysis and DNA-DNA hybridization data. Thus, strain Y4T is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Nocardioides, for which the name Nocardioides flavus sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is Y4T (=MCCC 1A09944T=LMG 28100T=JCM 19770T=CGMCC 1.12791T).

  16. Asticcacaulis solisilvae sp. nov., isolated from forest soil.

    PubMed

    Kim, Seil; Gong, Gyeongtaek; Park, Tai Hyun; Um, Youngsoon

    2013-10-01

    An obligately aerobic, chemoheterotrophic, mesophilic prosthecate bacterium, designated strain CGM1-3EN(T), was isolated from the enrichment cultures of forest soil from Cheonggyesan Mountain, Republic of Korea. Cells were Gram-reaction-negative, motile rods (1.3-2.4 µm long by 0.30-0.75 µm wide) with single flagella. The strain grew at 10-37 °C (optimum 25-30 °C) and at pH 4.5-9.5 (optimum 5.0-7.0). The major cellular fatty acids were C16 : 0, C18 : 1ω7c 11-methyl, C12 : 1 3-OH and summed feature 8 (comprising C18 : 1ω7c/C18 : 1ω6c). The genomic DNA G+C content of strain CGM1-3EN(T) was 63.7 mol%. The closest phylogenetic neighbour to strain CGM1-3EN(T) was identified as Asticcacaulis biprosthecium DSM 4723(T) (97.2 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity) and the DNA-DNA hybridization value between strain CGM1-3EN(T) and A. biprosthecium DSM 4723(T) was less than 24.5 %. Strain CGM1-3EN(T) used d-glucose, d-fructose, sucrose, maltose, trehalose, d-mannose, d-mannitol, d-sorbitol, d-galactose, cellobiose, lactose, raffinose, fumarate, pyruvate, dl-alanine and glycerol as carbon sources. Based on data from the present polyphasic study, the forest soil isolate CGM1-3EN(T) is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Asticcacaulis, for which the name Asticcacaulis solisilvae sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is CGM1-3EN(T) ( = AIM0088(T) = KCTC 32102(T) = JCM 18544(T)).

  17. Paenibacillus solani sp. nov., isolated from potato rhizosphere soil.

    PubMed

    Liu, Bo; Liu, Guo-Hong; Sengonca, Cetin; Schumann, Peter; Lan, Jiang-Lin; Chen, De-Ju; Cui, Wei-Dong; Lin, Nai-Quan

    2016-11-01

    A novel Gram-stain-positive, endospore-forming bacterium, designated FJAT-22460T, was isolated from a soil sample of a potato field in Xinjiang Autonomous Region, China. Cells were rods that were catalase-positive and motile by peritrichous flagella. The strain was found to grow at temperatures ranging from 10 to 40 °C (optimum 30 °C) and at pH 5.0-12.0 (optimum pH 7) with 0-5 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum 0 % NaCl). Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain FJAT-22460T belonged to the genus Paenibacillus and exhibited 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities of 97.3, 97.2, 97.2 and 97.0 % with Paenibacillus glucanolyticus DSM 5162T, Paenibacillus lautus DSM 3035T, Paenibacillus lactis MB 1871T and Paenibacillus chibensis JCM 9905T, respectively. DNA-DNA relatedness of strain FJAT-22460T with Paenibacillus glucanolyticusDSM 5162T and Paenibacillus lautus DSM 3035T was 62.6 % and 33.3 %, respectively, lower than the 70 % accepted for species delineation. The menaquinone was identified as MK-7. The major fatty acids detected were anteiso-C15 : 0 (51.4 %), iso-C15 : 0 (5.3 %), C16 : 0 (12.1 %), iso-C16 : 0 (10.7 %) and anteiso-C17 : 0 (6.9 %). The DNA G+C content was determined to be 50.9 mol%. Phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and genotypic properties clearly indicated that isolate FJAT-22460T represents a novel species within the genus Paenibacillus, for which the name Paenibacillus solani sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is FJAT-22460T (=DSM 100999T=CCTCC AB 2015207T).

  18. Terrisporobacter petrolearius sp. nov., isolated from an oilfield petroleum reservoir.

    PubMed

    Deng, Yu; Guo, Xiang; Wang, Yanwei; He, Mingxiong; Ma, Kedong; Wang, Huimin; Chen, Xiaorong; Kong, Delong; Yang, Zhirong; Ruan, Zhiyong

    2015-10-01

    A Gram-staining-positive, spore-forming, strictly anaerobic bacterium, designated strain LAM0A37T, was isolated from enrichment samples collected from a petroleum reservoir in Shengli oilfield. Cells of strain LAM0A37T were rod-shaped and motile by peritrichous flagella. The optimal temperature and pH for growth were 40 °C and 7.0–7.5, respectively. The strain did not require NaCl for growth but tolerated up to 3 % (w/v) NaCl. Strain LAM0A37T was able to utilize glucose, fructose, maltose, xylose, sorbitol, cellobiose, melibiose and melezitose as sole carbon sources. Sulfite was used as an electron acceptor. The main products of glucose fermentation were acetate and CO2. The predominant fatty acid was C16 : 0 (23.6 %). The main polar lipid profile comprised of five glycolipids, six phospholipids and two lipids. No menaquinone was detected. The genomic DNA G+C content was 27.1 ± 0.2 mol% as determined by the T m method. Analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequence indicated that the isolate was a member of the genus Terrisporobacter, and was most closely related to Terrisporobacter glycolicus JCM 1401T and Terrisporobacter mayombei DSM 6539T with 98.3 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity to both. DNA–DNA hybridization values between strain LAM0A37T and type strains of Terrisporobacter glycolicus and Terrisporobacter mayombei were 45.6 ± 0.3 % and 38.3 ± 0.4 %, respectively. Based on phenotypic, phylogenetic and chemotaxonomic characteristics, strain LAM0A37T is suggested to represent a novel species of the genus Terrisporobacter, for which the name Terrisporobacter petrolearius sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is LAM0A37T ( = ACCC 00740T = JCM 19845T).

  19. Paenibacillus salinicaeni sp. nov., isolated from saline silt sample.

    PubMed

    Guo, Xiang; Zhou, Shan; Wang, Yan-Wei; Wang, Hui-Min; Kong, De-Long; Zhu, Jie; Dong, Wei-Wei; He, Ming-Xiong; Zhao, Bing-Qiang; Hu, Guo-Quan; Ruan, Zhi-Yong

    2016-05-01

    A novel facultatively anaerobic bacterium, designated strain LAM0A28(T), was isolated from a saline silt sample collected from the Chinese Sea of Death located in Suining city, Sichuan province, China. Cells of strain LAM0A28(T) were observed to be Gram-stain positive, motile, endospore-forming and straight-rod shaped. Strain LAM0A28(T) was found to be able to grow at 15-45 °C (optimum: 30-35 °C), pH 5.0-10.0 (optimum: 7.5) and 0-5 % NaCl (w/v) (optimum: 0.5 %). The 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity analysis showed that strain LAM0A28(T) is closely related to Paenibacillus jilunlii DSM 23019(T) (97.5 %) and Paenibacillus graminis DSM 15220(T) (97.2 %). The DNA-DNA hybridization values between the isolate and P. jilunlii DSM 23019(T), P. graminis DSM 15220(T) were 30.2 ± 1.6 % and 44.7 ± 2.1 %, respectively. The DNA G+C content was found to be 51.2 mol% as determined by the T m method. The major cellular fatty acids were identified as anteiso-C15:0, C16:0, iso-C16:0 and C14:0. The major isoprenoid quinone was identified as MK-7. The cell wall peptidoglycan was found to contain meso-diaminopimelic acid. The major polar lipids were found to be diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, two aminophospholipids and six unidentified lipids. Based on the phylogenetic, phenotypic and chemotaxonomic characteristics, strain LAM0A28(T) is concluded to represent a novel species within the genus Paenibacillus, for which the name Paenibacillus salinicaeni sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is LAM0A28(T) (=ACCC 00741(T) = JCM 30850(T)).

  20. Massilia norwichensis sp. nov., isolated from an air sample.

    PubMed

    Orthová, Ivana; Kämpfer, Peter; Glaeser, Stefanie P; Kaden, René; Busse, Hans-Jürgen

    2015-01-01

    A Gram-negative, rod-shaped and motile bacterial isolate, designated strain NS9(T), isolated from air of the Sainsbury Centre for Visual Arts in Norwich, UK, was subjected to a polyphasic taxonomic study including phylogenetic analyses based on partial 16S rRNA, gyrB and lepA gene sequences and phenotypic characterization. The 16S rRNA gene sequence of NS9(T) identified Massilia haematophila CCUG 38318(T), M. niastensis 5516S-1(T) (both 97.7% similarity), M. aerilata 5516S-11(T) (97.4%) and M. tieshanensis TS3(T) (97.4%) as the next closest relatives. In partial gyrB and lepA sequences, NS9(T) shared the highest similarities with M. haematophila CCUG 38318(T) (94.5%) and M. aerilata 5516-11(T) (94.3%), respectively. These sequence data demonstrate the affiliation of NS9(T) to the genus Massilia. The detection of the predominant ubiquinone Q-8, a polar lipid profile consisting of the major compounds diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine and phosphatidylglycerol and a polyamine pattern containing 2-hydroxyputrescine and putrescine were in agreement with the assignment of strain NS9(T) to the genus Massilia. Major fatty acids were summed feature 3 (C16:1ω7c and/or iso-C15 : 0 2-OH), C16:0, C18: 1ω7c and C10:0 3-OH. Dissimilarities in partial lepA and gyrB gene sequences as well as results from DNA-DNA hybridizations demonstrate that strain NS9(T) is a representative of an as-yet undescribed species of the genus Massilia that is also distinguished from its close relatives based on physiological and biochemical traits. Hence, we describe a novel species, for which we propose the name Massilia norwichensis sp. nov., with the type strain NS9(T) ( = CCUG 65457(T) =LMG 28164(T)). © 2015 IUMS.

  1. Nocardioides albidus sp. nov., an actinobacterium isolated from garden soil.

    PubMed

    Singh, Hina; Du, Juan; Trinh, Huan; Won, KyungHwa; Yang, Jung-Eun; Yin, ChangShik; Kook, MooChang; Yi, Tae-Hoo

    2016-01-01

    A novel bacterial strain, designated THG-S11.7T, was isolated from garden soil in Incheon, South Korea. Cells of the strain were Gram-stain-positive, aerobic, non-motile cocci, and were catalase- and oxidase-positive. Colonies of the strain were white. Strain THG-S11.7T grew optimally at 28 °C, at pH 7.0 and in the presence of 2.0 % NaCl. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis indicated that the strain was a member of the genus Nocardioides. Strain THG-S11.7T showed a 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity of 98.2 % to Nocardioides kongjuensis KCTC 19054T, 98.0 % to Nocardioides caeni KCTC 19600T, 97.9 % to Nocardioides daeguensis KCTC 19799T, 97.8 % to Nocardioides nitrophenolicus KCTC 047BPT, 97.6 % to Nocardioides aromaticivorans KACC 20613T, 97.5 % to Nocardioides simplex KACC 20620T and 97.0 % to Nocardioides ginsengisoli KCTC 19135T. DNA-DNA relatedness values between strain THG-S11.7T and the closest phylogenetic neighbours were below 45.0 % and the DNA G+C content of strain THG-S11.7T was 72.2 mol%. Strain THG-S11.7T was characterized chemotaxonomically as having ll-diaminopimelic acid in the cell-wall peptidoglycan and menaquinone MK-8(H4) as the predominant isoprenoid quinone. The major phospholipid was determined to be diphosphatidylglycerol. The major cellular fatty acids of strain THG-S11.7T were iso-C15 : 0, C16 : 0 and iso-C16 : 0. Based on the phenotypic, genotypic and phylogenetic analyses, it is proposed that the isolate represents a novel species of the genus Nocardioides, for which the name Nocardioides albidus sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is THG-S11.7T ( = KCTC 39607T = CCTCC AB 2015297T).

  2. Hymenobacter knuensis sp. nov., Isolated From River Water.

    PubMed

    Ten, Leonid N; Lee, Jae-Jin; Lee, Yeon-Hee; Park, Su-Jin; Lee, Seung-Yeol; Park, Sangkyu; Lee, Dae Sung; Kang, In-Kyu; Kim, Myung Kyum; Jung, Hee-Young

    2017-02-27

    A Gram-stain-negative, non-motile, non-spore-forming, rod-shaped, aerobic bacterial strain, designated 16F7C-2(T), was isolated from the Han River, South Korea, and was characterized taxonomically using a polyphasic approach. Comparative 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis showed that strain 16F7C-2(T) belonged to the family Cytophagaceae in the phylum Bacteroidetes and was most closely related to Hymenobacter algoricola VUG-A23a(T) (98.3%) and Hymenobacter fastidiosus VUG-A124(T) (97.7%). The G + C content of the genomic DNA of strain 16F7C-2(T) was 63.4 mol%. The detection of menaquinone MK-7 as the predominant respiratory quinone; a fatty acid profile with summed feature 3 (C16:1 ω7c/C16:1 ω6c; 19.5%), summed feature 4 (C17:1 iso I/C17:1 anteiso B; 15.9%), C15:0 iso (12.6%), C16:1 ω5c (10.5%), and C15:0 anteiso (10.4%) as the major components; and a polar lipid profile with phosphatidylethanolamine as the major component also supported the affiliation of strain 16F7C-2(T) to the genus Hymenobacter. The DNA-DNA relatedness between strain 16F7C-2(T) and H. algoricola JCM 17214(T) and H. fastidiosus JCM17224(T) were 45.2 ± 5.8 and 40.3 ± 2.9%, respectively, clearly showing that the isolate constitutes a new genospecies. Strain 16F7C-2(T) could be clearly differentiated from its closest neighbors on the basis of its phenotypic, genotypic, and chemotaxonomic features. Therefore, strain 16F7C-2(T) represents a novel species of the genus Hymenobacter, for which the name Hymenobacter knuensis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is 16F7C-2(T) (=KCTC 52538(T) = JCM 31814(T)).

  3. Fluviicoccus keumensis gen. nov., sp. nov., isolated from freshwater.

    PubMed

    Kim, Min-Kyeong; Kim, Tae-Woon; Kim, Tae-Su; Joung, Yochan; Han, Ji-Hye; Kim, Seung Bum

    2016-01-01

    A Gram-stain-negative, non-spore-forming and coccus-shaped bacterial strain, designated 4DR5T, was isolated from freshwater and its taxonomic position was investigated using a polyphasic approach. Growth occurred at 10-40 °C (optimum 30 °C), at pH 6-9 (optimum pH 7) and in the presence of 0-0.4 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum 0 %) on R2A agar. On the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity, strain 4DR5T was assigned to the family Moraxellaceae of the class Gammaproteobacteria, and its closest related taxa were species of the genera Perlucidibaca (93.67 % sequence similarity), Agitococcus (93.07 %), Paraperlucidibaca (92.31-92.38 %), Alkanindiges (91.79 %) and Acinetobacter (90.24-91.23 %). The predominant isoprenoid quinone detected in strain 4DR5T was Q-10. The major cellular fatty acids were a summed feature consisting of C16 : 1ω7c and/or C16 : 1ω6c, one consisting of C18 : 1ω7c and/or C18 : 1ω6c, and C16 : 0. The major polar lipid was phosphatidylethanolamine. The genomic DNA G+C content of the strain was 61.2 mol%. The phylogenetic, chemotaxonomic and biochemical data not only supported the affiliation of strain 4DR5T to the family Moraxellaceae, but also separated it from other established genera within the family. Therefore, the novel isolate evidently represents a novel species of a new genus of Moraxellaceae, for which the name Fluviicoccus keumensis gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain of Fluviicoccus keumensis is 4DR5T ( = KCTC 32475T = JCM 19370T).

  4. Hymenobacter sedentarius sp. nov., isolated from a soil.

    PubMed

    Lee, Jae-Jin; Kang, Myung-Suk; Joo, Eun Sun; Jung, Hee-Young; Kim, Myung Kyum

    2016-04-01

    A novel Gram-negative and red-pinkish bacterium designated DG5B(T) was isolated from a dry soil. Cells were rods that were catalase- and oxidase-positive, and non-motile. The strain was found to grow at temperatures from 10 to 30°C (optimum 25°C) and pH 6.0-8.0, (optimum pH 7) on R2A broth. 16S rRNA gene sequence (1,452 bp) analysis of this strain identified it as a member of the genus Hymenobacter that belongs to the class Cytophagia. The highest gene sequence similarities were with Hymenobacter arizonensis OR362-8(T) (98.3%), Hymenobacter humi DG31A(T) (97.6%), and Hymenobacter glaciei VUG-A130(T) (96.6%). Strain DG5B(T) exhibited <70% DNA-DNA relatedness with H. arizonensis (34.7 ± 7.0%; reciprocally, 29.7 ± 1.2%) and H. humi (39.4 ± 4.3%; reciprocally, 39.5 ± 3.3%) as a different genomic species, and its genomic DNA G+C content was 59.8%. Strain DG5B(T) had the following chemotaxonomic characteristics: the major fatty acids are iso-C15:0, anteiso-C15:0, C16:1 ω5c, and summed feature 3 (C16:1 ω7c / C16:1 ω6c); polar lipid profile contained phosphatidylethanolamine (PE), unknown aminophospholipid (APL), unknown glycolipids (GL), unknown phospholipids (PL), and unknown polar lipids (L); the major quinone is MK-7. The absorbance peak of pigment is at 481.0 nm. Strain DG5B(T) showed low-level resistance to gamma-ray irradiation. Phenotypic, chemotaxonomic, and genotypic properties indicated that isolate DG5B(T) represents a novel species within the genus Hymenobacter for which the name Hymenobacter sedentarius sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is DG5B(T) (=KCTC 32524(T) =JCM 19636(T)).

  5. Allocatelliglobosispora scoriae gen. nov., sp. nov., isolated from volcanic ash.

    PubMed

    Lee, Dong Wan; Lee, Soon Dong

    2011-02-01

    A novel actinomycete, designated strain Sco-B14(T), was isolated from volcanic ash collected near Darangshi Oreum (a parasitic or satellite volcano) in Jeju, Republic of Korea. The organism formed well-developed, branched substrate mycelium, on which short chains of non-motile spores were arranged singly or in clusters. Aerial mycelium was not produced. Globose bodies were observed. The reverse colour of colonies was light brown to brown. Diffusible pigments were produced on ISP medium 3 and oatmeal-nitrate agar. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain Sco-B14(T) formed a lineage within the family Micromonosporaceae and was distinct from established genera. The 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity of strain Sco-B14(T) to members of related genera of the family was 95.0-95.7 % to type strains of Catellatospora species, 94.7 % to Hamadaea tsunoensis IMSNU 22005(T), 94.7 % to Longispora albida K97-0003(T) and 94.0 % to Catelliglobosispora koreensis LM 042(T). 3-Hydroxydiaminopimelic acid was the diagnostic diamino acid in the cell-wall peptidoglycan. Whole-cell sugars were glucose, rhamnose, ribose, xylose, arabinose, galactose and mannose. The polar lipids included diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine and phosphatidylinositol. The menaquinone profile contained MK-10(H(4)) (49 %), MK-9(H(4)) (24 %), MK-10(H(6)) (18 %) and MK-9(H(6)) (9 %). The predominant fatty acids were iso-C(15 : 0) and C(17 : 0). The DNA G+C content was 70.1 mol%. The combination of chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic data clearly separated the isolate from the type strains of all genera in the family Micromonosporaceae. On the basis of the phylogenetic and chemotaxonomic data presented in this paper, strain Sco-B14(T) is considered to represent a novel species of a new genus in the family Micromonosporaceae, for which the name Allocatelliglobosispora scoriae gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain of

  6. Evidence for cooperative mineralization of diuron by Arthrobacter sp. BS2 and Achromobacter sp. SP1 isolated from a mixed culture enriched from diuron exposed environments.

    PubMed

    Devers-Lamrani, Marion; Pesce, Stéphane; Rouard, Nadine; Martin-Laurent, Fabrice

    2014-12-01

    Diuron was found to be mineralized in buffer strip soil (BS) and in the sediments (SED) of the Morcille river in the Beaujolais vineyard repeatedly treated with this herbicide. Enrichment cultures from BS and SED samples led to the isolation of three bacterial strains transforming diuron to 3,4-dichloroaniline (3,4-DCA) its aniline derivative. 16S rRNA sequencing revealed that they belonged to the genus Arthrobacter (99% of similarity to Arthrobacter globiformis strain K01-01) and were designated as Arthrobacter sp. BS1, BS2 and SED1. Diuron-degrading potential characterized by sequencing of the puhA gene, characterizing the diuron-degradaing potential, revealed 99% similarity to A. globiformis strain D47 puhA gene isolated a decade ago in the UK. These isolates were also able to use chlorotoluron for their growth. Although able to degrade linuron and monolinuron to related aniline derivatives they were not growing on them. Enrichment cultures led to the isolation of a strain from the sediments entirely degrading 3,4-DCA. 16S rRNA sequence analysis showed that it was affiliated to the genus Achromobacter (99% of similarity to Achromobacter sp. CH1) and was designated as Achromobacter sp. SP1. The dcaQ gene encoding enzyme responsible for the transformation of 3,4-DCA to chlorocatechol was found in SP1 with 99% similarity to that of Comamonas testosteroni WDL7. This isolate also used for its growth a range of anilines (3-chloro-4-methyl-aniline, 4-isopropylaniline, 4-chloroaniline, 3-chloroaniline, 4-bromoaniline). The mixed culture composed of BS2 and SP1 strains entirely mineralizes (14)C-diuron to (14)CO2. Diuron-mineralization observed in the enrichment culture could result from the metabolic cooperation between these two populations. Copyright © 2014. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

  7. Draft Genome Sequence of Pseudomonas sp. LAB-08 Isolated from Trichloroethene-Contaminated Aquifer Soil.

    PubMed

    Suzuki, Kenshi; Aziz, Fatma A A; Inuzuka, Yuma; Tashiro, Yosuke; Futamata, Hiroyuki

    2016-09-22

    Pseudomonas sp. LAB-08 was isolated from a phenol-fed bioreactor constructed with contaminated aquifer soil as the inoculum. Strain LAB-08 utilized phenol as a sole carbon and energy source. Here, we report the genome sequence and annotation of Pseudomonas sp. LAB-08. Copyright © 2016 Suzuki et al.

  8. Draft Genome Sequence of Pseudomonas sp. LAB-08 Isolated from Trichloroethene-Contaminated Aquifer Soil

    PubMed Central

    Aziz, Fatma A. A.; Inuzuka, Yuma; Tashiro, Yosuke

    2016-01-01

    Pseudomonas sp. LAB-08 was isolated from a phenol-fed bioreactor constructed with contaminated aquifer soil as the inoculum. Strain LAB-08 utilized phenol as a sole carbon and energy source. Here, we report the genome sequence and annotation of Pseudomonas sp. LAB-08. PMID:27660772

  9. Genome Sequence of Arcobacter sp. Strain LA11, Isolated from the Abalone Haliotis discus

    PubMed Central

    Mizutani, Yukino

    2017-01-01

    ABSTRACT Arcobacter sp. strain LA11 was isolated from the gut of the abalone Haliotis discus. Here, we present the annotation and analysis of the draft genome of this strain, which is involved in nitrogen metabolism. PMID:28302779

  10. Draft Genome Sequences of Achromobacter piechaudii GCS2, Agrobacterium sp. Strain SUL3, Microbacterium sp. Strain GCS4, Shinella sp. Strain GWS1, and Shinella sp. Strain SUS2 Isolated from Consortium with the Hydrocarbon-Producing Alga Botryococcus braunii

    PubMed Central

    Jones, Katy J.; Moore, Karen; Love, John

    2016-01-01

    A variety of bacteria associate with the hydrocarbon-producing microalga Botryococcus braunii, some of which may influence its growth. We report here the genome sequences for Achromobacter piechaudii GCS2, Agrobacterium sp. strain SUL3, Microbacterium sp. strain GCS4, and Shinella sp. strains GWS1 and SUS2, isolated from a laboratory culture of B. braunii, race B, strain Guadeloupe. PMID:26769927

  11. Modestobacter lapidis sp. nov. and Modestobacter muralis sp. nov., isolated from a deteriorated sandstone historic building in Salamanca, Spain.

    PubMed

    Trujillo, Martha E; Goodfellow, Michael; Busarakam, Kanungnid; Riesco, Raul

    2015-08-01

    A polyphasic study was undertaken to establish the taxonomic status of two Modestobacter strains isolated from the surface of deteriorated sandstone of a historic building in Salamanca, Spain. The strains, isolates MDVD1(T) and MON 3.1(T), were found to have chemotaxonomic and morphological properties consistent with their classification in the genus Modestobacter and to form distinct phyletic lines in the Modestobacter 16S rRNA gene tree. Isolate MDVD1(T) was found to be closely related to the type strain of Modestobacter versicolor (98.7 % similarity) and isolate MON 3.1(T) to the type strain of Modestobacter multiseptatus (98.6 % similarity). The isolates were distinguished readily from one another and from the Modestobacter type strains by a broad range of phenotypic properties, by qualitative and quantitative differences in fatty acid profiles and by BOX fingerprint patterns. On the basis of these data, it is proposed that the isolates be classified in the genus Modestobacter as Modestobacter lapidis sp. nov. and Modestobacter muralis sp. nov., with isolates MON 3.1(T) (CECT 8844(T) = DSM 100206(T)) and MDVD1(T) (CECT 8845(T) = DSM 100205(T)) as the respective type strains.

  12. Streptococcus henryi sp. nov. and Streptococcus caballi sp. nov., isolated from the hindgut of horses with oligofructose-induced laminitis.

    PubMed

    Milinovich, Gabriel J; Burrell, Paul C; Pollitt, Christopher C; Bouvet, Anne; Trott, Darren J

    2008-01-01

    Four Gram-positive, catalase-negative, coccoid-shaped isolates were obtained from the caecum and rectum of horses with oligofructose-induced equine laminitis. Phenotypic and phylogenetic studies were performed on these isolates. Initial biochemical profiling assigned two of the isolates to Streptococcus bovis. The other two isolates, however, could not be assigned conclusively on the basis of their biochemical profiles. Gene sequence analysis demonstrated that the four new isolates were related most closely to Streptococcus suis based on the 16S rRNA gene and to Streptococcus orisratti based on the manganese-dependent superoxide dismutase gene (sodA). Sequence divergence values from recognized Streptococcus species based on these two genes were >3 and >13%, respectively, for all four isolates. Phylogenetic and phenotypic analyses demonstrated that the four isolates formed two distinct clonal groups that are suggested to represent two novel species of the genus Streptococcus. The names proposed for these organisms are Streptococcus henryi sp. nov. (type strain 126(T) =ATCC BAA-1484(T) =DSM 19005(T)) and Streptococcus caballi sp. nov. (type strain 151(T) =ATCC BAA-1485(T) =DSM 19004(T)).

  13. Bacillus paralicheniformis sp. nov., isolated from fermented soybean paste.

    PubMed

    Dunlap, Christopher A; Kwon, Soon-Wo; Rooney, Alejandro P; Kim, Soo-Jin

    2015-10-01

    An isolate of a Gram-stain-positive, facultatively anaerobic, motile, rod-shaped, endospore-forming bacterium was recovered from soybean-based fermented paste. Phylogenetic analysis of the 16S rRNA gene indicated that the strain was most closely related to Bacillus sonorensis KCTC-13918T (99.5 % similarity) and Bacillus licheniformis DSM 13T (99.4 %). In phenotypic characterization, the novel strain was found to grow at 15–60 °C and to tolerate up to 10 % (w/v) NaCl. Furthermore, the strain grew in media with pH 6–11 (optimal growth at pH 7.0–8.0). The predominant cellular fatty acids were anteiso-C15 : 0 (37.7 %) and iso-C15 : 0 (31.5 %). The predominant isoprenoid quinone was menaquinone 7 (MK-7). The cell-wall peptidoglycan contained meso-diaminopimelic acid. A draft genome sequence of the strain was completed and used for phylogenetic analysis. Phylogenomic analysis of all published genomes of species in the B. licheniformis group revealed that strains belonging to B. licheniformis clustered into two distinct groups, with group 1 consisting of B. licheniformis DSM 13T and 11 other strains and group 2 consisting of KJ-16T and four other strains. The DNA G+C content of strain KJ-16T was 45.9 % (determined from the genome sequence). Strain KJ-16T and another strain from group 2 were subsequently characterized using a polyphasic taxonomic approach and compared with strains from group 1 and another closely related species of the genus Bacillus. Based upon the consensus of phylogenetic and phenotypic analyses, we conclude that this strain represents a novel species within the genus Bacillus, for which the name Bacillus paralicheniformis sp. nov. is proposed, with type strain KJ-16T ( = KACC 18426T = NRRL B-65293T).

  14. Lutimaribacter marinistellae sp. nov., isolated from a starfish.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Yanfeng; Tang, Peiping; Xu, Yong; Fang, Wei; Wang, Xiaotang; Fang, Zemin; Xiao, Yazhong

    2016-09-01

    A taxonomic study was carried out on a Gram-staining-negative bacterium, strain SF-12T, isolated from an unidentified starfish living in Sanya, PR China. Cells of SF-12T were non-spore-forming rods, 0.5-0.8 µm wide, 2.2-2.5 µm long and motile by means of flagella. SF-12T was facultatively anaerobic, heterotrophic, oxidase- and catalase-positive. Growth of SF-12T occurred at 15-38 °C (optimum, 30 °C), at pH 6.5-8.5 (optimum, pH 7.0), and in the presence of 2.0-7.0 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 3.0-4.0 %). The predominant fatty acids of SF-12T were C18 : 1ω7c and/or C18 : 1ω6c. Ubiquinone 10 was the sole respiratory quinone of SF-12T. The major polar lipids of SF-12T were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, three unknown aminolipids, and seven unknown phospholipids. The DNA G+C content was 61 mol%. SF-12T showed the highest 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity to Lutimaribacter pacificus W11-2BT (96.06 %), followed by Cribrihabitans neustonicus CC-AMHB-3T (96.02 %), Lutimaribacter saemankumensis SMK-117T (96.0 %), Cribrihabitans marinus CZ-AM5T (95.92 %), Lutimaribacter litoralis KU5D5T (95.92 %) and other species of the family Rhodobacteraceae(<95.9 %). However, phylogenetic trees based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that SF-12T formed a lineage with members of the genus Lutimaribacter in the trees. On the basis of phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic analyses, SF-12T is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Lutimaribacter, for which the name Lutimaribacter marinistellae sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is SF-12T (=MCCC 1K01154T=KCTC 42911T).

  15. Acinetobacter gandensis sp. nov. isolated from horse and cattle.

    PubMed

    Smet, Annemieke; Cools, Piet; Krizova, Lenka; Maixnerova, Martina; Sedo, Ondrej; Haesebrouck, Freddy; Kempf, Marie; Nemec, Alexandr; Vaneechoutte, Mario

    2014-12-01

    We previously reported the presence of an OXA-23 carbapenemase in an undescribed species of the genus Acinetobacter isolated from horse dung at the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ghent University, Belgium. Here we include six strains to corroborate the delineation of this taxon by phenotypic characterization, DNA-DNA hybridization, 16S rRNA gene and rpoB sequence analysis, % G+C determination, MALDI-TOF MS and fatty acid analysis. The nearly complete 16S rRNA gene sequence of strain UG 60467(T) showed the highest similarities with those of the type strains of Acinetobacter bouvetii (98.4 %), Acinetobacter haemolyticus (97.7 %), and Acinetobacter schindleri (97.2 %). The partial rpoB sequence of strain UG 60467(T) showed the highest similarities with 'Acinetobacter bohemicus' ANC 3994 (88.6 %), A. bouvetii NIPH 2281 (88.6 %) and A. schindleri CIP 107287T (87.3 %). Whole-cell MALDI-TOF MS analyses supported the distinctness of the group at the protein level. The predominant fatty acids of strain UG 60467(T) were C12 : 0 3-OH, C12 : 0, C16 : 0, C18 : 1ω9c and summed feature 3 (C16 : 1ω7c and/or iso-C15 : 0 2-OH). Strains UG 60467(T) and UG 60716 showed a DNA-DNA relatedness of 84 % with each other and a DNA-DNA relatedness with A. schindleri LMG 19576(T) of 17 % and 20 %, respectively. The DNA G+C content of strain UG 60467(T) was 39.6 mol%. The name Acinetobacter gandensis sp. nov. is proposed for the novel taxon. The type strain is UG 60467(T) ( =