Science.gov

Sample records for acquire voting shares

  1. 12 CFR 192.525 - Who may acquire my shares after I convert?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... or offer to acquire the beneficial ownership of more than ten percent of any class of your equity... prohibition, you may not permit the person to vote shares in excess of ten percent, and may not count the shares in excess of ten percent in any shareholder vote. (b) A person acquires beneficial ownership...

  2. 12 CFR 563b.365 - May other voting members purchase conversion shares in the conversion?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false May other voting members purchase conversion... Stock § 563b.365 May other voting members purchase conversion shares in the conversion? (a) You must give rights to purchase your conversion shares in the conversion to voting members who are...

  3. 12 CFR 563b.365 - May other voting members purchase conversion shares in the conversion?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false May other voting members purchase conversion... Stock § 563b.365 May other voting members purchase conversion shares in the conversion? (a) You must give rights to purchase your conversion shares in the conversion to voting members who are...

  4. Preschoolers Acquire General Knowledge by Sharing in Pretense

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sutherland, Shelbie L.; Friedman, Ori

    2012-01-01

    Children acquire general knowledge about many kinds of things, but there are few known means by which this knowledge is acquired. In this article, it is proposed that children acquire generic knowledge by sharing in pretend play. In Experiment 1, twenty-two 3- to 4-year-olds watched pretense in which a puppet represented a "nerp" (an unfamiliar…

  5. Weather conditions and political party vote share in Dutch national parliament elections, 1971-2010.

    PubMed

    Eisinga, Rob; Te Grotenhuis, Manfred; Pelzer, Ben

    2012-11-01

    Inclement weather on election day is widely seen to benefit certain political parties at the expense of others. Empirical evidence for this weather-vote share hypothesis is sparse however. We examine the effects of rainfall and temperature on share of the votes of eight political parties that participated in 13 national parliament elections, held in the Netherlands from 1971 to 2010. This paper merges the election results for all Dutch municipalities with election-day weather observations drawn from all official weather stations well distributed over the country. We find that the weather parameters affect the election results in a statistically and politically significant way. Whereas the Christian Democratic party benefits from substantial rain (10 mm) on voting day by gaining one extra seat in the 150-seat Dutch national parliament, the left-wing Social Democratic (Labor) and the Socialist parties are found to suffer from cold and wet conditions. Cold (5°C) and rainy (10 mm) election day weather causes the latter parties to lose one or two parliamentary seats.

  6. 76 FR 21367 - Change in Bank Control Notices; Acquisitions of Shares of a Bank or Bank Holding Company

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-15

    .... Phillip Frost, Miami Beach, Florida; to acquire voting shares of Coconut Grove Bankshares, Inc., and thereby indirectly acquire voting shares of Coconut Grove Bank, both of Miami, Florida. Board of...

  7. 76 FR 42127 - Change in Bank Control Notices; Acquisitions of Shares of a Bank or Bank Holding Company

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-18

    ... Hale Family Group, and to acquire voting shares of Sunflower Financial, Inc., and thereby indirectly acquire voting shares of Sunflower Bank, National Association, both in Salina, Kansas. Board of...

  8. 76 FR 4349 - Change in Bank Control Notices; Acquisitions of Shares of a Bank or Bank Holding Company

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-25

    ... Holdings, L.L.C., all in Wilmington, Delaware; to acquire voting shares of Brand Group Holdings, Inc., thereby indirectly acquire voting shares of The Brand Banking Company, both in Lawrenceville,...

  9. 75 FR 42444 - Change in Bank Control Notices; Acquisition of Shares of Bank or Bank Holding Companies

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-21

    ... Kingdom; and Invesco AIM Management Group, Inc., Houston, Texas; to acquire voting shares of Sun Bancorp, Inc., and thereby indirectly acquire voting shares of Sun National Bank, both of Vineland, New...

  10. 77 FR 42312 - Change in Bank Control Notices; Acquisitions of Shares of a Bank or Bank Holding Company

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-18

    ... Parikh, Monroe, New Jersey, as a group acting in concert, to acquire voting shares of Rising Sun Bancorp, and thereby indirectly acquire voting shares of NBRS Financial Bank, both in Rising Sun, Maryland....

  11. 12 CFR 563b.525 - Who may acquire my shares after I convert?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Who may acquire my shares after I convert? 563b... shares after I convert? (a) For three years after you convert, no person may, directly or indirectly... convert. (4) One or more of your tax-qualified employee stock benefit plans may acquire your shares,...

  12. 78 FR 20643 - Change in Bank Control Notices; Acquisitions of Shares of a Bank or Bank Holding Company

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-05

    ..., Florida; and Manuel Gonzalo Sanchez, Gainesville, Florida; to collectively acquire voting shares of... Jacksonville, Florida. B. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis (Jacqueline G. King, Community Affairs...

  13. 75 FR 6204 - Change in Bank Control Notices; Acquisition of Shares of Bank or Bank Holding Companies

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-08

    ..., Pennsylvania 19105- 1521: 1. Evelyn Rome Tabas, Narberth, Pennsylvania; to acquire voting shares of Royal... Royal Asian Bank, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and Royal Bank of America, Narberth, Pennsylvania....

  14. 75 FR 82025 - Notice of Proposals To Engage in Permissible Nonbanking Activities or To Acquire Companies That...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-29

    ... Banorte, S.A.B. de C.V., Mexico City, Mexico; to acquire 100 percent of the voting shares of Ixe Grupo Financiero, S.A.B. de C.V., Cuauhtemoc, Mexico, and indirectly acquire voting shares of Ixe Securities,...

  15. 16 CFR 801.30 - Tender offers and acquisitions of voting securities from third parties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ..., REGULATIONS, STATEMENTS AND INTERPRETATIONS UNDER THE HART-SCOTT-RODINO ANTITRUST IMPROVEMENTS ACT OF 1976.... Acquiring person “A” proposes to acquire from corporation B the voting securities of B's wholly owned subsidiary, corporation S. Since “A” is acquiring the shares of S from its parent, this section does...

  16. 16 CFR 801.30 - Tender offers and acquisitions of voting securities from third parties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ..., REGULATIONS, STATEMENTS AND INTERPRETATIONS UNDER THE HART-SCOTT-RODINO ANTITRUST IMPROVEMENTS ACT OF 1976.... Acquiring person “A” proposes to acquire from corporation B the voting securities of B's wholly owned subsidiary, corporation S. Since “A” is acquiring the shares of S from its parent, this section does...

  17. 75 FR 3466 - Change in Bank Control Notices; Acquisition of Shares of Bank or Bank Holding Companies

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-21

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM... Homestead, Florida; to acquire voting shares of Hometown of Homestead Banking Company, and thereby.... William Hall Losner, Homestead, Florida; to acquire voting shares of Hometown of Homestead Banking...

  18. 76 FR 11781 - Change in Bank Control Notices; Acquisitions of Shares of a Bank or Bank Holding Company

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-03

    ...; Hardy B. Ferrell, Mulberry, Tennessee; Roger Everett Jones, New Market, Alabama; and Joe Lee Lasater, Hazel Green, Alabama; to collectively acquire voting shares of North Alabama Bancshares, Inc. and thereby indirectly acquire voting shares of North Alabama Bank, both of Hazel Green, Alabama. 3. P....

  19. 75 FR 74052 - Change in Bank Control Notices; Acquisitions of Shares of a Bank or Bank Holding Company

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-30

    ... additional voting shares of Mission Valley Bancorp, Sun Valley, California, and thereby indirectly acquire shares of Mission Valley Bank, Sun Valley, California. Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve...

  20. 77 FR 71593 - Change in Bank Control Notices; Acquisitions of Shares of a Bank or Bank Holding Company

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-03

    ... Bank of Minneapolis (Jacqueline G. King, Community Affairs Officer) 90 Hennepin Avenue, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55480-0291: 1. Stephen Wellington, Jr., Saint Paul, Minnesota; to acquire voting shares of...

  1. 76 FR 55065 - Change in Bank Control Notices; Acquisitions of Shares of a Bank or Bank Holding Company

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-06

    ... Denney, Assistant Vice President) 1 Memorial Drive, Kansas City, Missouri 64198-0001: 1. Gregory J. Weed, Cheyenne Wells, Colorado; to acquire voting shares of Weed Investment Group, Inc., and thereby...

  2. 77 FR 64993 - Change in Bank Control Notices; Acquisitions of Shares of a Bank or Bank Holding Company

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-24

    ... Bancorp, Mount Airy, and thereby indirectly acquire voting shares of Surrey Bank & Trust, both in Mount...) 1 Memorial Drive, Kansas City, Missouri 64198-0001: 1. The E.L. Burch Irrevocable Trust of...

  3. 76 FR 58005 - Change in Bank Control Notices; Acquisitions of Shares of a Bank or Bank Holding Company

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-19

    ..., Germany, a German corporation; Allianz of America, Inc., Novato, California, a Delaware corporation; Allianz Finanzbeteiligungs GMBH, Munich, Germany, a German limited liability company; and Allianz SE, Munich, Germany, a German corporation, to acquire voting shares of ECB Bancorp, Inc., and...

  4. 78 FR 11647 - Change in Bank Control Notices; Acquisitions of Shares of a Bank or Bank Holding Company

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-19

    ...; Trifon Houvardas; Paul Houvardas; Bruce T. and Sheba Lucas; Universal Finance & Investments LLC; Sanjay..., Minneapolis, Minnesota 55480-0291: 1. Richard Lee Newman, Mayville, North Dakota; to acquire voting shares...

  5. Examining the Impact of Pedagogy on Student Application of Learning: Acquiring, Sharing, and Using Knowledge for Organizational Decision Making

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stewart, Alice C.; Williams, Jacqueline; Smith-Gratto, Karen; Black, Sylvia Sloan; Kane, Betty Turner

    2011-01-01

    In this pilot research we examine the impact of two leadership development training programs on the ability of students to acquire knowledge, share knowledge, and apply knowledge for organizational decision making. One program emphasized concepts and case-based application based on a technical learning paradigm. The other program used a game-based…

  6. Kids Voting USA: Bringing Out the Vote.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Golston, Sydele E.

    1997-01-01

    Kids Voting USA is a grass roots, community-driven voter education program. A Kids Voting community must mobilize corporate sponsors, election officials, media representatives, and administrative staff to print curricula, train teachers, prepare students, welcome them to polling precincts, and count and report their votes. Children become…

  7. Voting Changed My Teaching Approach

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Saari, Donald G.

    2012-01-01

    In this article, the author shares how his fourth-grade students' creative thinking concerning a long-standing research problem stimulated changes in his instructional strategies. He begins by providing an example which illustrates that the standard tool of democracy, the plurality vote, suffers serious deficiencies: "The winner can be the voters'…

  8. Political Broadcast Advertising and Primary Election Voting

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wanat, John

    1974-01-01

    Results of a research project which hypothisized that: Other things being equal, the heavier a candidate's usage of broadcast advertising in a primary election campaign, the greater will be his share of the votes in the election. (Author/HB)

  9. Self-tallying quantum anonymous voting

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Qingle; Yu, Chaohua; Gao, Fei; Qi, Haoyu; Wen, Qiaoyan

    2016-08-01

    Anonymous voting is a voting method of hiding the link between a vote and a voter, the context of which ranges from governmental elections to decision making in small groups like councils and companies. In this paper, we propose a quantum anonymous voting protocol assisted by two kinds of entangled quantum states. Particularly, we provide a mechanism of opening and permuting the ordered votes of all the voters in an anonymous manner; any party who is interested in the voting results can acquire a permutation copy and then obtains the voting result through a simple calculation. Unlike all previous quantum works on anonymous voting, our quantum anonymous protocol possesses the properties of privacy, self-tallying, nonreusability, verifiability, and fairness at the same time. In addition, we demonstrate that the entanglement of the quantum states used in our protocol makes an attack from an outside eavesdropper and inside dishonest voters impossible. We also generalize our protocol to execute the task of anonymous multiparty computation, such as anonymous broadcast and anonymous ranking.

  10. Question: Who Can Vote?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rodeheaver, Misty D.; Haas, Mary E.

    2008-01-01

    This year's rollercoaster primary elections and the pending national election, with an anticipated record voter turnout, provide the perfect backdrop for an examination of the questions: (1) Who can vote?; and (2) Who will vote? Historically, the American government refused voting rights to various groups based on race, gender, age, and even…

  11. Approval Voting and Parochialism

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baron, Jonathan; Altman, Nicole Y.; Kroll, Stephan

    2005-01-01

    In hypothetical scenarios involving two groups (nations or groups of workers), subjects voted on three proposals: one helped group A (their group), one helped B, and one helped both groups, more than the average of the first two but less than their maximum. When subjects voted for one proposal, most voted for the one that helped group A. This…

  12. 77 FR 60118 - Change in Bank Control Notices; Acquisitions of Shares of a Bank or Bank Holding Company

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-02

    ... Control Group by acquiring voting shares of Town and Country Financial Corporation, and thereby indirectly... Change in Bank Control Notices; Acquisitions of Shares of a Bank or Bank Holding Company The notificants listed below have applied under the Change in Bank Control Act (12 U.S.C. 1817(j)) and Sec. 225.41 of...

  13. 78 FR 34384 - Change in Bank Control Notices; Acquisitions of Shares of a Bank or Bank Holding Company

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-07

    ... Racine, Wisconsin; to join the existing Johnson Family Control Group and acquire voting shares of Johnson... Change in Bank Control Notices; Acquisitions of Shares of a Bank or Bank Holding Company The notificants listed below have applied under the Change in Bank Control Act (12 U.S.C. 1817(j)) and Sec. 225.41 of...

  14. 78 FR 33092 - Change in Bank Control Notices; Acquisitions of Shares of a Bank or Bank Holding Company

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-03

    ... control group voting shares of Lead Financial Group, Inc., and thereby acquire Lead Bank, both in Garden... Change in Bank Control Notices; Acquisitions of Shares of a Bank or Bank Holding Company The notificants listed below have applied under the Change in Bank Control Act (12 U.S.C. 1817(j)) and Sec. 225.41 of...

  15. 77 FR 65382 - Change in Bank Control Notices; Acquisitions of Shares of a Bank or Bank Holding Company

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-26

    ... Sturm control group, and acquire voting shares of Sturm Financial Group, Inc., and thereby indirectly... Change in Bank Control Notices; Acquisitions of Shares of a Bank or Bank Holding Company The notificants listed below have applied under the Change in Bank Control Act (12 U.S.C. 1817(j)) and Sec. 225.41 of...

  16. 77 FR 12057 - Change in Bank Control Notices; Acquisitions of Shares of a Bank or Bank Holding Company

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-28

    ...; to join the existing Hodgson control group and to retain and acquire voting shares of Charlevoix... Change in Bank Control Notices; Acquisitions of Shares of a Bank or Bank Holding Company The notificants listed below have applied under the Change in Bank Control Act (12 U.S.C. 1817(j)) and Sec. 225.41 of...

  17. 78 FR 23934 - Change in Bank Control Notices; Acquisitions of Shares of a Bank or Bank Holding Company

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-23

    ..., Dyer, Indiana, to join the Audrey G. Savage Family Control group and thereby acquire voting shares of... Change in Bank Control Notices; Acquisitions of Shares of a Bank or Bank Holding Company The notificants listed below have applied under the Change in Bank Control Act (12 U.S.C. 1817(j)) and Sec. 225.41 of...

  18. 77 FR 795 - Change in Bank Control Notices; Acquisitions of Shares of a Bank or Bank Holding Company

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-06

    ... ] Family Control Group, Rosemont, Illinois, and acquire voting shares of Taylor Capital Group, Inc... Change in Bank Control Notices; Acquisitions of Shares of a Bank or Bank Holding Company The notificants listed below have applied under the Change in Bank Control Act (12 U.S.C. 1817(j)) and Sec. 225.41 of...

  19. Voting systems for environmental decisions.

    PubMed

    Burgman, Mark A; Regan, Helen M; Maguire, Lynn A; Colyvan, Mark; Justus, James; Martin, Tara G; Rothley, Kris

    2014-04-01

    Voting systems aggregate preferences efficiently and are often used for deciding conservation priorities. Desirable characteristics of voting systems include transitivity, completeness, and Pareto optimality, among others. Voting systems that are common and potentially useful for environmental decision making include simple majority, approval, and preferential voting. Unfortunately, no voting system can guarantee an outcome, while also satisfying a range of very reasonable performance criteria. Furthermore, voting methods may be manipulated by decision makers and strategic voters if they have knowledge of the voting patterns and alliances of others in the voting populations. The difficult properties of voting systems arise in routine decision making when there are multiple criteria and management alternatives. Because each method has flaws, we do not endorse one method. Instead, we urge organizers to be transparent about the properties of proposed voting systems and to offer participants the opportunity to approve the voting system as part of the ground rules for operation of a group.

  20. 78 FR 43883 - Change in Bank Control Notices; Acquisitions of Shares of a Bank or Bank Holding Company

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-22

    ... Change in Bank Control Notices; Acquisitions of Shares of a Bank or Bank Holding Company The notificants listed below have applied under the Change in Bank Control Act (12 U.S.C. 1817(j)) and Sec. 225.41 of the...; and Dolores Silvestri, all of Coraopolis, Pennsylvania; to retain and acquire additional voting...

  1. 76 FR 44914 - Change in Bank Control Notices; Acquisitions of Shares of a Bank or Bank Holding Company

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-27

    ... County Bank, Lincoln, Illinois. C. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis (Jacqueline G. King, Community Affairs Officer) 90 Hennepin Avenue, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55480-0291: 1. Stephen L. Grobel, Tabb... thereby indirectly acquire voting shares of First Community Bank, Glasgow, Montana. In addition, Stephen...

  2. 78 FR 18340 - Change in Bank Control Notices; Acquisitions of Shares of a Bank or Bank Holding Company

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-26

    ... Trusts, both of Huron, South Dakota; and American Bank & Trust, Wessington Springs, South Dakota, as... Dakota, and thereby indirectly retain and acquire voting shares of American Bank & Trust, Wessington...-0291: 1. Jack W. Steele Irrevocable Trust and the 2012 Donna D. Steele Irrevocable Trust...

  3. 78 FR 19708 - Change in Bank Control Notices; Acquisitions of Shares of a Bank or Bank Holding Company

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-02

    ...-Leipold as trustee, Racine, Wisconsin; as a member of the Johnson Family Control Group, to acquire voting... Change in Bank Control Notices; Acquisitions of Shares of a Bank or Bank Holding Company The notificants listed below have applied under the Change in Bank Control Act (12 U.S.C. 1817(j)) and Sec. 225.41 of...

  4. 75 FR 8362 - Change in Bank Control Notices; Acquisition of Shares of Bank or Bank Holding Companies

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-24

    ... Atlanta (Steve Foley, Vice President) 1000 Peachtree Street, N.E., Atlanta, Georgia 30309: 1. Richard T... Dorothy Turner Alger Irrevocable Trust for Thomas M. Alger; Richard T. Alger, trustee; John Alger and Carla Alger, all of Homestead, Florida; to acquire voting shares of Hometown of Homestead...

  5. 77 FR 4560 - Change in Bank Control Notices; Acquisitions of Shares of a Bank or Bank Holding Company

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-30

    ... Patrick M. Walsh, both of Chicago, Illinois; Anne E. Walsh, and Brian J. Walsh, both of Forest Park..., Minnesota 55480-0291: 1. Bryan Bruns, Annandale, Minnesota; to acquire voting shares of Lake Central... Group, a group acting in concert, which controls Lake Central Financial, Inc., Annandale, Minnesota....

  6. 77 FR 64115 - Change in Bank Control Notices; Acquisitions of Shares of a Bank or Bank Holding Company

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-18

    ... listed below have applied under the Change in Bank Control Act (12 U.S.C. 1817(j)) and Sec. 225.41 of the Board's Regulation Y (12 CFR 225.41) to acquire shares of a bank or bank holding company. The factors... & Trust, Brookings, South Dakota, trustee; Tom, Jerry, and Garry Peterka with power to vote), and...

  7. Quality monitored distributed voting system

    DOEpatents

    Skogmo, David

    1997-01-01

    A quality monitoring system can detect certain system faults and fraud attempts in a distributed voting system. The system uses decoy voters to cast predetermined check ballots. Absent check ballots can indicate system faults. Altered check ballots can indicate attempts at counterfeiting votes. The system can also cast check ballots at predetermined times to provide another check on the distributed voting system.

  8. Quality monitored distributed voting system

    DOEpatents

    Skogmo, D.

    1997-03-18

    A quality monitoring system can detect certain system faults and fraud attempts in a distributed voting system. The system uses decoy voters to cast predetermined check ballots. Absent check ballots can indicate system faults. Altered check ballots can indicate attempts at counterfeiting votes. The system can also cast check ballots at predetermined times to provide another check on the distributed voting system. 6 figs.

  9. 78 FR 38337 - Change in Bank Control Notices; Acquisitions of Shares of a Bank or Bank Holding Company

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-26

    .... Lindholm 2012 Irrevocable trust; to retain voting shares of Maple Banc Shares, Inc., and thereby indirectly retain voting shares of Bank of Maple Plain, both in Maple Plain, Minnesota. Board of Governors of...

  10. 78 FR 26032 - Change in Bank Control Notices; Acquisitions of Shares of a Bank or Bank Holding Company

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-03

    ... Citizens BancShares, Inc., and thereby indirectly retain voting shares of First-Citizens Bank & Trust..., South Carolina, as a group acting in concert, to retain voting shares of First Citizens BancShares, Inc., and thereby indirectly retain voting shares of First-Citizens Bank & Trust, both in Raleigh,...

  11. Acquired lymphangiectasis.

    PubMed

    Celis, A V; Gaughf, C N; Sangueza, O P; Gourdin, F W

    1999-01-01

    Acquired lymphangiectasis is a dilatation of lymphatic vessels that can result as a complication of surgical intervention and radiation therapy for malignancy. Acquired lymphangiectasis shares clinical and histologic features with the congenital lesion, lymphangioma circumscriptum. Diagnosis and treatment of these vesiculo-bullous lesions is important because they may be associated with pain, chronic drainage, and cellulitis. We describe two patients who had these lesions after treatment for cancer and review the pertinent literature. Although a number of treatment options are available, we have found CO2 laser ablation particularly effective. PMID:9932832

  12. Voting at 16: Turnout and the quality of vote choice

    PubMed Central

    Wagner, Markus; Johann, David; Kritzinger, Sylvia

    2012-01-01

    Critics of giving citizens under 18 the right to vote argue that such teenagers lack the ability and motivation to participate effectively in elections. If this argument is true, lowering the voting age would have negative consequences for the quality of democracy. We test the argument using survey data from Austria, the only European country with a voting age of 16 in nation-wide elections. While the turnout levels of young people under 18 are relatively low, their failure to vote cannot be explained by a lower ability or motivation to participate. In addition, the quality of these citizens' choices is similar to that of older voters, so they do cast votes in ways that enable their interests to be represented equally well. These results are encouraging for supporters of a lower voting age. PMID:24850994

  13. Improving Remote Voting Security with CodeVoting

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Joaquim, Rui; Ribeiro, Carlos; Ferreira, Paulo

    One of the major problems that prevents the spread of elections with the possibility of remote voting over electronic networks, also called Internet Voting, is the use of unreliable client platforms, such as the voter's computer and the Internet infrastructure connecting it to the election server. A computer connected to the Internet is exposed to viruses, worms, Trojans, spyware, malware and other threats that can compromise the election's integrity. For instance, it is possible to write a virus that changes the voter's vote to a predetermined vote on election's day. Another possible attack is the creation of a fake election web site where the voter uses a malicious vote program on the web site that manipulates the voter's vote (phishing/pharming attack). Such attacks may not disturb the election protocol, therefore can remain undetected in the eyes of the election auditors.

  14. Controlling firms through the majority voting rule

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chapelle, Ariane; Szafarz, Ariane

    2005-09-01

    Pyramids, cross-ownership, rings and other complex features inducing control tunnelling are frequent in the European and Asian industrial world. Based on the matrix methodology, this paper offers a model for measuring integrated ownership and threshold-based control, applicable to any group of interrelated firms. In line with the theory on pyramidal control, the model avoids the double counting problem and sets the full control threshold at the conservative-but incontestable-majority level of 50% of the voting shares. Any lower threshold leads to potential inconsistencies and leaves the observed high level of ownership of many dominant shareholders unexplained. Furthermore, the models leads to ultimate shareholders’ control ratios consistent with the majority voting rule. Finally, it is applied to the Frère Group, a large European pyramidal holding company known for mastering control leverages.

  15. 14 CFR 47.8 - Voting trusts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Voting trusts. 47.8 Section 47.8... REGISTRATION General § 47.8 Voting trusts. (a) If a voting trust is used to qualify a domestic corporation as a... the fully executed voting trust agreement, which must identify each voting interest of the...

  16. The Voting Rights Act: Unfulfilled Goals.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Commission on Civil Rights, Washington, DC.

    This report examines the current status of minority voting rights covered by the special provisions of the Voting Rights Act of 1965. The special provisions prescribe added protection of minority voting rights in those jurisdictions where discrimination in voting has been most pervasive. The report explains the Voting Rights Act and discusses its…

  17. 16 CFR 801.12 - Calculating percentage of voting securities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... and subsidiary A2; person “B” is composed of corporation B1 and subsidiary B2. Assume that A2 proposes to sell assets to B1 in exchange for common stock of B2. Under this paragraph, for purposes of calculating the percentage of voting securities to be held, the “acquired person” is B2. For all...

  18. 16 CFR 801.12 - Calculating percentage of voting securities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... and subsidiary A2; person “B” is composed of corporation B1 and subsidiary B2. Assume that A2 proposes to sell assets to B1 in exchange for common stock of B2. Under this paragraph, for purposes of calculating the percentage of voting securities to be held, the “acquired person” is B2. For all...

  19. 16 CFR 801.12 - Calculating percentage of voting securities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... and subsidiary A2; person “B” is composed of corporation B1 and subsidiary B2. Assume that A2 proposes to sell assets to B1 in exchange for common stock of B2. Under this paragraph, for purposes of calculating the percentage of voting securities to be held, the “acquired person” is B2. For all...

  20. The Risks of Electronic Voting

    SciTech Connect

    Wallach, Dan

    2004-08-18

    Recent election problems have sparked great interest in managing the election process through the use of electronic voting systems. While computer scientists, for the most part, have been warning of the perils of such action, vendors have forged ahead with their products, claiming increased security and reliability. Many municipalities have adopted electronic systems, and the number of deployed systems is rising. For these new computerized voting systems, neither source code nor the results of any third-party certification analyses have been available for the general population to study, because vendors claim that secrecy is a necessary requirement to keep their systems secure. Recently, however, the source code for a voting system from Diebold, a major manufacturer, appeared on the Internet. Diebold's systems were used in Georgia's state-wide elections in 2002, and the company recently announced that the state of Maryland awarded them an order for about $55 million to deliver touch-screen voting systems. This unique opportunity for independent scientific analysis of voting system source code demonstrates the fallacy of the closed-source argument for such a critical system. Our analysis shows that this voting system is far below even the most minimal security standards applicable in other contexts. We highlight several issues including unauthorized privilege escalation, incorrect use of cryptography, vulnerabilities to network threats, and poor software development processes. For example, common voters, without any insider privileges, can cast unlimited votes without being detected by any mechanisms within the voting terminal. Furthermore, we show that even the most serious of our outsider attacks could have been discovered without the source code. In the face of such attacks, the usual worries about insider threats are not the only concerns; outsiders can do the damage. That said, we demonstrate that the insider threat is also quite considerable. We conclude that

  1. 32 CFR 242b.5 - Voting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Voting. 242b.5 Section 242b.5 National Defense... SCIENCES § 242b.5 Voting. (a) The concurrence of a majority of the Regents present at a meeting shall be... notation voting, by voting on material circulated to Regents individually or serially, or by polling...

  2. 25 CFR 81.9 - Voting districts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Voting districts. 81.9 Section 81.9 Indians BUREAU OF... STATUTE § 81.9 Voting districts. If: (a) Voting districts have not already been designated for tribal... board's judgment voting districts are needed, the board shall establish them and designate a...

  3. 7 CFR 1280.613 - Voting period.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Voting period. 1280.613 Section 1280.613 Agriculture... INFORMATION ORDER Procedures To Request a Referendum Definitions § 1280.613 Voting period. The term voting period means a 4-week period to be announced by the Secretary for voting the referendum. Procedures...

  4. 7 CFR 1280.613 - Voting period.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Voting period. 1280.613 Section 1280.613 Agriculture... INFORMATION ORDER Procedures To Request a Referendum Definitions § 1280.613 Voting period. The term voting period means a 4-week period to be announced by the Secretary for voting the referendum. Procedures...

  5. 7 CFR 1205.204 - Voting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Voting. 1205.204 Section 1205.204 Agriculture... Voting. (a) Place of voting. The FSA county office serving the county in which the producer's farm is... person owns or rents land. If a person's operation is located in several counties, the voting...

  6. 25 CFR 81.9 - Voting districts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Voting districts. 81.9 Section 81.9 Indians BUREAU OF... STATUTE § 81.9 Voting districts. If: (a) Voting districts have not already been designated for tribal... board's judgment voting districts are needed, the board shall establish them and designate a...

  7. 7 CFR 993.33 - Voting procedure.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Voting procedure. 993.33 Section 993.33 Agriculture... Order Regulating Handling Prune Marketing Committee § 993.33 Voting procedure. Decisions of the Committee shall be by majority vote of the members present and voting and a quorum must be present:...

  8. 7 CFR 1205.203 - Voting eligibility.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Voting eligibility. 1205.203 Section 1205.203... Voting eligibility. (a) General eligibility requirements. The following persons shall be eligible to vote... wife made the oral agreement. A minor is not disqualified from voting solely because of minority...

  9. 7 CFR 993.33 - Voting procedure.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Voting procedure. 993.33 Section 993.33 Agriculture... Order Regulating Handling Prune Marketing Committee § 993.33 Voting procedure. Decisions of the Committee shall be by majority vote of the members present and voting and a quorum must be present:...

  10. 12 CFR 708a.13 - Voting guidelines.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... conversions of federally insured credit unions, federally insured state-chartered credit unions (FISCUs) are... federal law. For example, there may be different voting standards for approving a vote. While the Federal... higher voting standards requiring two-thirds or more of those who vote. A FISCU should be careful...

  11. Parliament votes against building fifth power reactor

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1993-11-01

    After a heated three-day debate, Finland's parliament voted on September 24 to reject the proposal to build the country's fifth nuclear power reactor. As predicted, the vote was close: 107 voted against more nuclear power, 90 were in favor, two members of the 200-seat parliament were not present, and the speaker did not vote.

  12. One Man One Vote: Trust between the Electorate, the Establishment, and Voting Technology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Robertson, Laurie

    2006-01-01

    Historically any U.S. voting technology is burdened from its very inception with the expectation of technologically ensuring voting integrity. Voting is an officially sanctioned social activity/ritual in a technologically-focused nation, so U.S. voters arrive at the polls expecting that voting technology will ensure that their vote "counts. But no…

  13. Government instability shifts skin tone representations of and intentions to vote for political candidates.

    PubMed

    Stern, Chadly; Balcetis, Emily; Cole, Shana; West, Tessa V; Caruso, Eugene M

    2016-01-01

    Does government stability shift the way White and Black Americans represent and make voting decisions about political candidates? Participants judged how representative lightened, darkened, and unaltered photographs were of a racially ambiguous candidate ostensibly running for political office (Studies 1-3). When the governmental system was presented as stable, White participants who shared (vs. did not share) the candidate's political beliefs rated a lightened photo as more representative of the candidate, and Black participants who shared (vs. did not share) the candidate's political beliefs rated a darkened photo as more representative (Studies 1-3). However, under conditions of instability, both Whites and Blacks who shared (vs. did not share) the candidate's political beliefs rated a lightened photo as more representative (Study 3). Representations of (Studies 2 and 3) and actual differences in (Studies 4a and 4b) skin tone predicted intentions to vote for candidates, as a function of government stability and participants' race. Further evidence suggested that system stability shifted the motivations that guided voting decisions (Study 4a and 4b). When the system was stable, the motivation to enhance one's group predicted greater intentions to vote for lighter skinned candidates among Whites, and greater intentions to vote for darker skinned candidates among Blacks. When the system was unstable, however, lacking confidence in the sociopolitical system predicted intentions to vote for lighter skinned candidates among both Whites and Blacks. Implications for political leadership and social perception are discussed.

  14. Voting Systems for Environmental Decisions

    PubMed Central

    BURGMAN, MARK A; REGAN, HELEN M; MAGUIRE, LYNN A; COLYVAN, MARK; JUSTUS, JAMES; MARTIN, TARA G; ROTHLEY, KRIS

    2014-01-01

    Voting systems aggregate preferences efficiently and are often used for deciding conservation priorities. Desirable characteristics of voting systems include transitivity, completeness, and Pareto optimality, among others. Voting systems that are common and potentially useful for environmental decision making include simple majority, approval, and preferential voting. Unfortunately, no voting system can guarantee an outcome, while also satisfying a range of very reasonable performance criteria. Furthermore, voting methods may be manipulated by decision makers and strategic voters if they have knowledge of the voting patterns and alliances of others in the voting populations. The difficult properties of voting systems arise in routine decision making when there are multiple criteria and management alternatives. Because each method has flaws, we do not endorse one method. Instead, we urge organizers to be transparent about the properties of proposed voting systems and to offer participants the opportunity to approve the voting system as part of the ground rules for operation of a group. Sistemas de Votación para Decisiones Ambientales Resumen Los sistemas de votación agregan preferencias eficientemente y muy seguido se usan para decidir prioridades de conservación. Las características deseables de un sistema de votación incluyen la transitividad, lo completo que sean y la optimalidad de Pareto, entre otras. Los sistemas de votación que son comunes y potencialmente útiles para la toma de decisiones ambientales incluyen simple mayoría, aprobación y votación preferencial. Desafortunadamente, ningún sistema de votación puede garantizar un resultado y a la vez satisfacer un rango de criterios de desempeño muy razonable. Además, los métodos de votación pueden manipularse por los que toman las decisiones y votantes estratégicos si tienen el conocimiento de los patrones de votación y de las alianzas entre miembros dentro de las poblaciones votantes. Las

  15. Penrose Voting System and Optimal Quota

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Slomczynski, W.; Zyczkowski, K.

    2006-11-01

    Systems of indirect voting based on the principle of qualified majority can be analysed using the methods of game theory. In particular, this applies to the voting system in the Council of the European Union, which was recently a subject of a vivid political discussion. The {ITALIC a priori} voting power of a voter measures his potential influence over the decisions of the voting body under a given decision rule. We investigate a system based on the law of Penrose, in which each representative in the voting body receives the number of votes (the voting weight) proportional to the square root of the population he or she represents. Here we demonstrate that for a generic distribution of the population there exists an optimal quota for which the voting power of any state is proportional to its weight. The optimal quota is shown to decrease with the number of voting countries.

  16. Voting patterns and alliance formation in the European Parliament

    PubMed Central

    Hix, Simon; Noury, Abdul; Roland, Gérard

    2008-01-01

    Members of the European Parliament (MEPs) have voluntarily formed transnational political groups and invariably follow the voting instructions of these groups. This is intriguing as there are few obvious incentives for doing so. Unlike national parties, for example, the political groups in the European Parliament are not punished by the electorate if they are divided on key issues, as citizens know very little about what goes on inside the European Parliament. This paper pieces together an explanation of why the European political groups exist and why they have become so powerful by looking at the determinants of group cohesion and by undertaking a spatial analysis of voting in the European Parliament. MEPs who share preferences on a range of issues on the European Union policy agenda have an incentive to establish a division-of-labour contract and to share the costs of collecting information. Once internal party policy specialization and agenda setting has been established, MEPs have incentives to follow the voting instructions of their group owing to the advantages of cohesion in a context of repeated voting. PMID:19073477

  17. Voting patterns and alliance formation in the European Parliament.

    PubMed

    Hix, Simon; Noury, Abdul; Roland, Gérard

    2009-03-27

    Members of the European Parliament (MEPs) have voluntarily formed transnational political groups and invariably follow the voting instructions of these groups. This is intriguing as there are few obvious incentives for doing so. Unlike national parties, for example, the political groups in the European Parliament are not punished by the electorate if they are divided on key issues, as citizens know very little about what goes on inside the European Parliament. This paper pieces together an explanation of why the European political groups exist and why they have become so powerful by looking at the determinants of group cohesion and by undertaking a spatial analysis of voting in the European Parliament. MEPs who share preferences on a range of issues on the European Union policy agenda have an incentive to establish a division-of-labour contract and to share the costs of collecting information. Once internal party policy specialization and agenda setting has been established, MEPs have incentives to follow the voting instructions of their group owing to the advantages of cohesion in a context of repeated voting. PMID:19073477

  18. Tactical voting in plurality elections.

    PubMed

    Araújo, Nuno A M; Andrade, José S; Herrmann, Hans J

    2010-09-15

    How often will elections end in landslides? What is the probability for a head-to-head race? Analyzing ballot results from several large countries rather anomalous and yet unexplained distributions have been observed. We identify tactical voting as the driving ingredient for the anomalies and introduce a model to study its effect on plurality elections, characterized by the relative strength of the feedback from polls and the pairwise interaction between individuals in the society. With this model it becomes possible to explain the polarization of votes between two candidates, understand the small margin of victories frequently observed for different elections, and analyze the polls' impact in American, Canadian, and Brazilian ballots. Moreover, the model reproduces, quantitatively, the distribution of votes obtained in the Brazilian mayor elections with two, three, and four candidates.

  19. Anchoring bias in online voting

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yang, Zimo; Zhang, Zi-Ke; Zhou, Tao

    2012-12-01

    Voting online with explicit ratings could largely reflect people's preferences and objects' qualities, but ratings are always irrational, because they may be affected by many unpredictable factors like mood, weather and other people's votes. By analyzing two real systems, this paper reveals a systematic bias embedding in the individual decision-making processes, namely people tend to give a low rating after a low rating, as well as a high rating following a high rating. This so-called anchoring bias is validated via extensive comparisons with null models, and numerically speaking, the extent of bias decays with voting interval in a logarithmic form. Our findings could be applied in the design of recommender systems and considered as important complementary materials to previous knowledge about anchoring effects on financial trades, performance judgments, auctions, and so on.

  20. 14 CFR 47.8 - Voting trusts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... provide for the succession of a voting trustee in the event of death, disability, resignation, termination of citizenship, or any other event leading to the replacement of any voting trustee. Upon...

  1. 14 CFR 47.8 - Voting trusts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...) of this section must provide for the succession of a voting trustee in the event of death, disability.... Upon succession, the replacement voting trustee shall immediately submit to the Registry the...

  2. 39 CFR 6.7 - Notation voting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... action is required. (c) Veto of notation voting. In view of the public policy for openness reflected in... the notation voting process, and shall make such records available for public inspection,...

  3. 39 CFR 6.7 - Notation voting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... action is required. (c) Veto of notation voting. In view of the public policy for openness reflected in... the notation voting process, and shall make such records available for public inspection,...

  4. 39 CFR 6.7 - Notation voting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... action is required. (c) Veto of notation voting. In view of the public policy for openness reflected in... the notation voting process, and shall make such records available for public inspection,...

  5. Quantitative Analysis of Strategic Voting in Anonymous Voting Systems

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wang, Tiance

    2016-01-01

    Democratically choosing a single preference from three or more candidate options is not a straightforward matter. There are many competing ideas on how to aggregate rankings of candidates. However, the Gibbard-Satterthwaite theorem implies that no fair voting system (equality among voters and equality among candidates) is immune to strategic…

  6. 12 CFR 611.330 - Confidentiality in voting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Confidentiality in voting. 611.330 Section 611... and Other Voting Procedures § 611.330 Confidentiality in voting. (a) No bank or association may use... if the votes are tabulated by an independent third party. In weighted voting, the votes must...

  7. 12 CFR 563b.230 - Who is eligible to vote?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Who is eligible to vote? 563b.230 Section 563b... TO STOCK FORM Standard Conversions Vote by Members § 563b.230 Who is eligible to vote? You determine members' eligibility to vote by setting a voting record date. You must set a voting record date that...

  8. 7 CFR 7.12 - Tie votes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Tie votes. 7.12 Section 7.12 Agriculture Office of the Secretary of Agriculture SELECTION AND FUNCTIONS OF AGRICULTURAL STABILIZATION AND CONSERVATION STATE, COUNTY AND COMMUNITY COMMITTEES § 7.12 Tie votes. (a) Tie votes in community committee elections held...

  9. 14 CFR 47.8 - Voting trusts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Voting trusts. 47.8 Section 47.8 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION AIRCRAFT AIRCRAFT REGISTRATION General § 47.8 Voting trusts. (a) If a voting trust is used to qualify a domestic corporation as...

  10. 25 CFR 81.19 - Absentee voting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Absentee voting. 81.19 Section 81.19 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR TRIBAL GOVERNMENT TRIBAL REORGANIZATION UNDER A FEDERAL STATUTE § 81.19 Absentee voting. (a) Nonresident members who have registered may vote by absentee...

  11. 14 CFR 47.8 - Voting trusts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Voting trusts. 47.8 Section 47.8... REGISTRATION General § 47.8 Voting trusts. Link to an amendment published at 75 FR 41979, July 20, 2010. Link to an amendment published at 75 FR 41980, July 20, 2010. (a) If a voting trust is used to qualify...

  12. 12 CFR 7.2022 - Voting trusts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Voting trusts. 7.2022 Section 7.2022 Banks and Banking COMPTROLLER OF THE CURRENCY, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY BANK ACTIVITIES AND OPERATIONS Corporate Practices § 7.2022 Voting trusts. The shareholders of a national bank may establish a voting trust under...

  13. 12 CFR 7.2022 - Voting trusts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Voting trusts. 7.2022 Section 7.2022 Banks and Banking COMPTROLLER OF THE CURRENCY, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY BANK ACTIVITIES AND OPERATIONS Corporate Practices § 7.2022 Voting trusts. The shareholders of a national bank may establish a voting trust under...

  14. 25 CFR 81.12 - Voting list.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Voting list. 81.12 Section 81.12 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN....12 Voting list. The election board shall compile in alphabetical order an official list of registered voters arranged by voting districts, if any. This list shall designate, where applicable, those who...

  15. 25 CFR 81.12 - Voting list.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Voting list. 81.12 Section 81.12 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN....12 Voting list. The election board shall compile in alphabetical order an official list of registered voters arranged by voting districts, if any. This list shall designate, where applicable, those who...

  16. 31 CFR 800.228 - Voting interest.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Voting interest. 800.228 Section 800.228 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF... TAKEOVERS BY FOREIGN PERSONS Definitions § 800.228 Voting interest. The term voting interest means...

  17. 25 CFR 81.19 - Absentee voting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Absentee voting. 81.19 Section 81.19 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR TRIBAL GOVERNMENT TRIBAL REORGANIZATION UNDER A FEDERAL STATUTE § 81.19 Absentee voting. (a) Nonresident members who have registered may vote by absentee...

  18. 29 CFR 452.132 - Proxy voting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Proxy voting. 452.132 Section 452.132 Labor Regulations... OF 1959 Election Procedures; Rights of Members § 452.132 Proxy voting. There is no prohibition on delegates in a convention voting by proxy, if the constitution and bylaws permit....

  19. 7 CFR 900.402 - Voting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Voting. 900.402 Section 900.402 Agriculture... Agricultural Marketing Agreement Act of 1937, as Amended § 900.402 Voting. (a) Each person who is a producer... Secretary. (c) Proxy voting is not authorized but an officer or employee of a corporate producer,...

  20. 29 CFR 452.132 - Proxy voting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Proxy voting. 452.132 Section 452.132 Labor Regulations... OF 1959 Election Procedures; Rights of Members § 452.132 Proxy voting. There is no prohibition on delegates in a convention voting by proxy, if the constitution and bylaws permit....

  1. 7 CFR 1206.102 - Voting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... INFORMATION Referendum Procedures. § 1206.102 Voting. (a) Each eligible first handler and eligible importer of mangos shall be entitled to cast only one ballot in the referendum. (b) Proxy voting is not authorized... voting in a referendum shall certify that such individual is an officer or employee of the...

  2. 7 CFR 1250.202 - Voting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Referendum Procedures § 1250.202 Voting. (a) Each person who is a producer, as defined in this subpart, at the time of the referendum, who was engaged in the production of commercial eggs during the... thereof, shall be entitled to only one vote in the referendum. (b) Proxy voting is not authorized, but...

  3. 7 CFR 1206.102 - Voting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... INFORMATION Referendum Procedures. § 1206.102 Voting. (a) Each eligible first handler and eligible importer of mangos shall be entitled to cast only one ballot in the referendum. (b) Proxy voting is not authorized... voting in a referendum shall certify that such individual is an officer or employee of the...

  4. 7 CFR 1230.621 - Voting period.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE PORK PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND CONSUMER INFORMATION Procedures for the Conduct of Referendum Definitions § 1230.621 Voting period. The term Voting period means the 3-consecutive business day period for in-person voting. Referendum...

  5. 7 CFR 1230.621 - Voting period.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE PORK PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND CONSUMER INFORMATION Procedures for the Conduct of Referendum Definitions § 1230.621 Voting period. The term Voting period means the 3-consecutive business day period for in-person voting. Referendum...

  6. Personality Antecedents of the Vote.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Campbell, Bruce A.

    The purpose of this paper is to investigate the relationship between psychological traits and voting behavior. Investigated is the thesis that psychological traits are useful concepts for political scientists as predictors of consistency in behavior. Contending that previous trait theory research has been generally unimpressive, the author…

  7. Secure Biometric E-Voting Scheme

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ahmed, Taha Kh.; Aborizka, Mohamed

    The implementation of the e-voting becomes more substantial with the rapid increase of e-government development. The recent growth in communications and cryptographic techniques facilitate the implementation of e-voting. Many countries introduced e-voting systems; unfortunately most of these systems are not fully functional. In this paper we will present an e-voting scheme that covers most of the e-voting requirements, smart card and biometric recognition technology were implemented to guarantee voter's privacy and authentication.

  8. The impact of voting on tax payments

    PubMed Central

    Wahl, Ingrid; Muehlbacher, Stephan; Kirchler, Erich

    2010-01-01

    This study examines whether participating in governmental decisions influences taxpayers’ cooperation. The results of experiment 1 show that participants tend to contribute more when they can vote on different rules for a public good game. Experiment 2 reveals that tax payments are lowest in a tax simulation when participants benefit from tax payments and can not vote. However, when the participants did not benefit from tax payments, voting had no impact and cooperation was about the same as when participants benefited and could vote. Furthermore, voting increases procedural fairness and trust mediates the effect of procedural fairness on tax payments. PMID:21654938

  9. The impact of voting on tax payments.

    PubMed

    Wahl, Ingrid; Muehlbacher, Stephan; Kirchler, Erich

    2010-02-01

    This study examines whether participating in governmental decisions influences taxpayers' cooperation. The results of experiment 1 show that participants tend to contribute more when they can vote on different rules for a public good game. Experiment 2 reveals that tax payments are lowest in a tax simulation when participants benefit from tax payments and can not vote. However, when the participants did not benefit from tax payments, voting had no impact and cooperation was about the same as when participants benefited and could vote. Furthermore, voting increases procedural fairness and trust mediates the effect of procedural fairness on tax payments.

  10. The Drastic Outcomes from Voting Alliances in Three-Party Democratic Voting (1990 → 2013)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Galam, Serge

    2013-04-01

    The drastic effect of local alliances in three-party competition is investigated in democratic hierarchical bottom-up voting. The results are obtained analytically using a model which extends a sociophysics frame introduced in 1986 (Galam in J. Math. Phys. 30:426, 1986) and 1990 (Galam in J. Stat. Phys. 61:943, 1990) to study two-party systems and the spontaneous formation of democratic dictatorship. It is worth stressing that the 1990 paper was published in the Journal of Statistical Physics, the first paper of its kind in this journal. It was shown how a minority in power can preserve its leadership using bottom-up democratic elections. However such a bias holds only down to some critical value of minimum support. The results were used latter to explain the sudden collapse of European communist parties in the nineties. The extension to three-party competition reveals the mechanisms by which a very small minority party can get a substantial representation at higher levels of the hierarchy when the other two competing parties are big. Additional surprising results are obtained, which enlighten the complexity of three-party democratic bottom-up voting. In particular, the unexpected outcomes of local voting alliances are singled out. Unbalanced democratic situations are exhibited with strong asymmetries between the actual bottom support of a party and its associated share of power at the top leadership. Subtle strategies are identified for a party to maximize its hold on the top leadership. The results are also valid to describe opinion dynamics with three competing opinions.

  11. The muni vote

    SciTech Connect

    Kelly, R.; Lorton, S.G.

    1995-09-01

    If communication were entirely logical, investor-owned electric utilities probably would have little trouble winning municipalization campaigns. When it battles a municipalization, an investor-owned electric utility needs a solid communications strategy - however strong its arguments are. There has been a noticeable increase in the number of communities that are at least considering the public power option. This is due primarily to three factors. First, prices increased dramatically among utilities that built plants, particularly nuclear ones. Second, municipal systems enjoy huge tax, regulatory, and financing advantages. Thus, they have the capability to undercut many investor-owned utilities on price. Third, this may be the last chance public power advocates have to carve out a larger market share before they`re faced with a greater number of competitors. Customers believe they`re paying more for electricity than they should, have become angry about it, and have been seduced by the promises of municipalization advocates, who tell them what they want to hear, especially about start-up prices and rates. What`s the utility supposed to do?

  12. 12 CFR 583.1 - Acquire.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... AND LOAN HOLDING COMPANIES § 583.1 Acquire. The term acquire means to acquire, directly or indirectly, ownership or control through an acquisition of shares, an acquisition of assets or assumption of...

  13. 12 CFR 583.1 - Acquire.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... AND LOAN HOLDING COMPANIES § 583.1 Acquire. The term acquire means to acquire, directly or indirectly, ownership or control through an acquisition of shares, an acquisition of assets or assumption of...

  14. 12 CFR 583.1 - Acquire.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... AND LOAN HOLDING COMPANIES § 583.1 Acquire. The term acquire means to acquire, directly or indirectly, ownership or control through an acquisition of shares, an acquisition of assets or assumption of...

  15. 12 CFR 583.1 - Acquire.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... AND LOAN HOLDING COMPANIES § 583.1 Acquire. The term acquire means to acquire, directly or indirectly, ownership or control through an acquisition of shares, an acquisition of assets or assumption of...

  16. Student Vote 1974. An Analysis of Student Voting Patterns in the June, 1974 Primary Election.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Woodruff, Kevin; Fuller, Bruce

    This analysis of the impact of the student vote in the June 1974 primary election is one in a series of reports, and represents the University of California Student Lobby's continuing effort to provide information on the voting behavior of students. Student voting patterns in contested statewide and local races were examined, along with voter…

  17. 77 FR 64515 - Change in Bank Control Notices; Acquisitions of Shares of a Bank or Bank Holding Company

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-22

    ... 30309: 1. Anderson Volunteer Holdings, LP, Chattanooga, Tennessee, and its general partners, Robert R. Anderson and Doralynn Elizabeth Garrison Anderson, both of Longboat Key, Florida; to acquire voting...

  18. 45 CFR 614.7 - Record vote.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION GOVERNMENT IN THE SUNSHINE ACT REGULATIONS OF THE NATIONAL SCIENCE BOARD § 614.7 Record vote. (a) For purposes of this part a vote of the National Science Board is a “record vote” if: (1) It carries by a majority of all those holding office...

  19. 45 CFR 614.7 - Record vote.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION GOVERNMENT IN THE SUNSHINE ACT REGULATIONS OF THE NATIONAL SCIENCE BOARD § 614.7 Record vote. (a) For purposes of this part a vote of the National Science Board is a “record vote” if: (1) It carries by a majority of all those holding office...

  20. 22 CFR 1422.21 - Preferential voting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Preferential voting. 1422.21 Section 1422.21 Foreign Relations FOREIGN SERVICE LABOR RELATIONS BOARD; FEDERAL LABOR RELATIONS AUTHORITY; GENERAL... PROCEEDINGS § 1422.21 Preferential voting. In any election in which more than two choices are on the...

  1. 12 CFR 708a.12 - Voting incentives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Voting incentives. 708a.12 Section 708a.12 Banks and Banking NATIONAL CREDIT UNION ADMINISTRATION REGULATIONS AFFECTING CREDIT UNIONS CONVERSION OF INSURED CREDIT UNIONS TO MUTUAL SAVINGS BANKS § 708a.12 Voting incentives. If a converting credit...

  2. 7 CFR 927.23 - Voting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Voting. 927.23 Section 927.23 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and... Regulating Handling Administrative Bodies § 927.23 Voting. Only growers in attendance at meetings...

  3. 12 CFR 708a.311 - Voting incentives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Voting incentives. 708a.311 Section 708a.311 Banks and Banking NATIONAL CREDIT UNION ADMINISTRATION REGULATIONS AFFECTING CREDIT UNIONS BANK CONVERSIONS AND MERGERS Merger of Insured Credit Unions Into Banks § 708a.311 Voting incentives. If a...

  4. 25 CFR 90.41 - Absentee voting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Absentee voting. 90.41 Section 90.41 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR TRIBAL GOVERNMENT ELECTION OF OFFICERS OF THE OSAGE TRIBE Elections § 90.41 Absentee voting. (a) An eligible voter who will be unable to appear at the poll...

  5. 22 CFR 1422.21 - Preferential voting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2011-04-01 2009-04-01 true Preferential voting. 1422.21 Section 1422.21 Foreign Relations FOREIGN SERVICE LABOR RELATIONS BOARD; FEDERAL LABOR RELATIONS AUTHORITY; GENERAL... PROCEEDINGS § 1422.21 Preferential voting. In any election in which more than two choices are on the...

  6. 25 CFR 90.41 - Absentee voting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Absentee voting. 90.41 Section 90.41 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR TRIBAL GOVERNMENT ELECTION OF OFFICERS OF THE OSAGE TRIBE Elections § 90.41 Absentee voting. (a) An eligible voter who will be unable to appear at the poll...

  7. 20 CFR 638.535 - Voting rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Voting rights. 638.535 Section 638.535 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR JOB CORPS PROGRAM UNDER TITLE IV-B OF THE JOB TRAINING PARTNERSHIP ACT Center Operations § 638.535 Voting rights. The Job...

  8. 7 CFR 927.23 - Voting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Voting. 927.23 Section 927.23 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and... Regulating Handling Administrative Bodies § 927.23 Voting. Only growers in attendance at meetings...

  9. 20 CFR 638.535 - Voting rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR JOB CORPS PROGRAM UNDER TITLE IV-B OF THE JOB TRAINING PARTNERSHIP ACT Center Operations § 638.535 Voting rights. The Job Corps Director shall develop procedures to enable eligible students and staff to vote either locally or...

  10. 45 CFR 614.7 - Record vote.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION GOVERNMENT IN THE SUNSHINE ACT REGULATIONS OF THE NATIONAL SCIENCE BOARD § 614.7 Record vote. (a) For purposes of this part a vote of the National Science Board is a “record vote” if: (1) It carries by a majority of all those holding office...

  11. 45 CFR 614.7 - Record vote.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION GOVERNMENT IN THE SUNSHINE ACT REGULATIONS OF THE NATIONAL SCIENCE BOARD § 614.7 Record vote. (a) For purposes of this part a vote of the National Science Board is a “record vote” if: (1) It carries by a majority of all those holding office...

  12. 45 CFR 614.7 - Record vote.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION GOVERNMENT IN THE SUNSHINE ACT REGULATIONS OF THE NATIONAL SCIENCE BOARD § 614.7 Record vote. (a) For purposes of this part a vote of the National Science Board is a “record vote” if: (1) It carries by a majority of all those holding office...

  13. Voting Rights Issues in the New Millennium.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ryan, John Paul, Ed.

    2001-01-01

    This publication examines ways to teach about law in the liberal arts. This issue focuses on future voting rights issues by exploring the 2000 presidential election. Articles included are: "Voting Rights in the New Millennium" (Jason F. Kirksey); "Legal and Political Lessons from 'Bush v. Gore'" (David Schultz); "The Ford-Carter Commission and…

  14. 7 CFR 1210.602 - Voting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... PLAN Referendum Procedures § 1210.602 Voting. (a) Each person who is an eligible producer, handler, or importer as defined in this subpart, at the time of the referendum and who also was a producer, handler, or importer during the representative period, shall be entitled to one vote in the referendum: Provided,...

  15. 7 CFR 1210.602 - Voting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... PLAN Referendum Procedures § 1210.602 Voting. (a) Each person who is an eligible producer, handler, or importer as defined in this subpart, at the time of the referendum and who also was a producer, handler, or importer during the representative period, shall be entitled to one vote in the referendum: Provided,...

  16. Circle Detection Based on Voting for Maximum Compatibility

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Su, Yuanqi; Liu, Yuehu; Huang, Xiao

    We present a fast voting scheme for localizing circular objects among clutter and occlusion. Typical solutions for the problem are based on Hough transform that evaluates an instance of circle by counting the number of edge points along its boundary. The evaluated value is proportional to radius, making the normalization with respect to the factor necessary for detecting circles with different radii. By representing circle with a number of sampled points, we get rid of the step. To evaluate an instance then involves obtaining the same number of edge points, each close to a sampled point in both spatial position and orientation. The closeness is measured by compatibility function, where a truncating operation is used to suppress noise and deal with occlusion. To evaluate all instances of circle is fulfilled by letting edge point vote in a maximizing way such that any instance possesses a set of maximally compatible edge points. The voting process is further separated into the radius-independent and -dependent parts. The time-consuming independent part can be shared by different radii and outputs the sparse matrices. The radius-dependent part shifts these sparse matrices according to the radius. We present precision-recall curves showing that the proposed approach outperforms the solutions based on Hough transform, at the same time, achieves the comparable time complexity as algorithm of Hough transform using 2D accumulator array.

  17. 16 CFR 801.14 - Aggregate total amount of voting securities and assets.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... acquire additional assets of X. Under paragraph (a) of this section, “A” looks to § 801.13(a) and... (b) of this section, “A” looks to § 801.13(b)(1) and determines that the assets to be acquired will...” now looks to § 801.13(b)(2) and determines that because the second acquisition is of voting...

  18. 16 CFR 801.14 - Aggregate total amount of voting securities and assets.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... acquire additional assets of X. Under paragraph (a) of this section, “A” looks to § 801.13(a) and... (b) of this section, “A” looks to § 801.13(b)(1) and determines that the assets to be acquired will...” now looks to § 801.13(b)(2) and determines that because the second acquisition is of voting...

  19. 16 CFR 801.14 - Aggregate total amount of voting securities and assets.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... acquire additional assets of X. Under paragraph (a) of this section, “A” looks to § 801.13(a) and... (b) of this section, “A” looks to § 801.13(b)(1) and determines that the assets to be acquired will...” now looks to § 801.13(b)(2) and determines that because the second acquisition is of voting...

  20. Happy Zapping in the Classroom: Enhancing Teaching and Learning with Electronic Voting Systems

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Read, David

    2010-01-01

    The use of electronic voting systems (EVS) in teaching at all levels is increasing as the technology becomes cheaper and easier to use. Although many educators initially take a cynical view of the educational value of such technology, many of those who use EVS express a very positive view of their experiences. This article aims to share these…

  1. 78 FR 67146 - Change in Bank Control Notices; Acquisitions of Shares of a Bank or Bank Holding Company

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-08

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM Change in Bank Control Notices; Acquisitions of Shares of a Bank or Bank Holding Company The notificants... voting shares of CBA Bankshares, Inc., and thereby indirectly retain voting shares of Citizens Bank...

  2. 16 CFR 801.2 - Acquiring and acquired persons.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... INTERPRETATIONS UNDER THE HART-SCOTT-RODINO ANTITRUST IMPROVEMENTS ACT OF 1976 COVERAGE RULES § 801.2 Acquiring... each holds half of V's shares. Therefore, A and B each control V (see § 801.1(b)), and V is included...” are acquiring persons. (b) Except as provided in paragraphs (a) and (b) of § 801.12, the...

  3. 16 CFR 801.2 - Acquiring and acquired persons.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... INTERPRETATIONS UNDER THE HART-SCOTT-RODINO ANTITRUST IMPROVEMENTS ACT OF 1976 COVERAGE RULES § 801.2 Acquiring... each holds half of V's shares. Therefore, A and B each control V (see § 801.1(b)), and V is included...” are acquiring persons. (b) Except as provided in paragraphs (a) and (b) of § 801.12, the...

  4. A Verifiable Voting Protocol Based on Farnel

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Araújo, Roberto; Custódio, Ricardo Felipe; van de Graaf, Jeroen

    Farnel is a voting system proposed in 2001 in which each voter signs a ballot. It uses two ballot boxes to avoid the association between a voter and a vote. In this paper we first point out a flaw in the ThreeBallot system proposed by Rivest that seems to have gone unnoticed so far: it reveals statistical information about who is winning the election. Then, trying to resolve this and other flaws, we present a new, voter-verifiable version of the Farnel voting system in which voters retain copies of ballot IDs as receipts.

  5. Quantum anonymous voting with anonymity check

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Horoshko, Dmitri; Kilin, Sergei

    2011-02-01

    We propose a new protocol for quantum anonymous voting having serious advantages over the existing protocols: it protects both the voters from a curious tallyman and all the participants from a dishonest voter in unconditional way. The central idea of the protocol is that the ballots are given back to the voters after the voting process, which gives a possibility for two voters to check the anonymity of the vote counting process by preparing a special entangled state of two ballots. Any attempt of cheating from the side of the tallyman results in destroying the entanglement, which can be detected by the voters.

  6. 29 CFR 452.114 - Write-in votes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Write-in votes. 452.114 Section 452.114 Labor Regulations... OF 1959 Election Procedures; Rights of Members § 452.114 Write-in votes. Where write-in votes are... an election complaint under section 402 and then only if the arrangements for write-in votes were...

  7. 29 CFR 452.114 - Write-in votes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Write-in votes. 452.114 Section 452.114 Labor Regulations... OF 1959 Election Procedures; Rights of Members § 452.114 Write-in votes. Where write-in votes are... an election complaint under section 402 and then only if the arrangements for write-in votes were...

  8. 29 CFR 452.114 - Write-in votes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Write-in votes. 452.114 Section 452.114 Labor Regulations... OF 1959 Election Procedures; Rights of Members § 452.114 Write-in votes. Where write-in votes are... an election complaint under section 402 and then only if the arrangements for write-in votes were...

  9. 29 CFR 452.114 - Write-in votes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Write-in votes. 452.114 Section 452.114 Labor Regulations... OF 1959 Election Procedures; Rights of Members § 452.114 Write-in votes. Where write-in votes are... an election complaint under section 402 and then only if the arrangements for write-in votes were...

  10. 29 CFR 452.91 - Voting by employers, supervisors.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Voting by employers, supervisors. 452.91 Section 452.91 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor OFFICE OF LABOR-MANAGEMENT STANDARDS, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR LABOR... AND DISCLOSURE ACT OF 1959 Right To Vote § 452.91 Voting by employers, supervisors. Voting in...

  11. 29 CFR 452.91 - Voting by employers, supervisors.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Voting by employers, supervisors. 452.91 Section 452.91 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor OFFICE OF LABOR-MANAGEMENT STANDARDS, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR LABOR... AND DISCLOSURE ACT OF 1959 Right To Vote § 452.91 Voting by employers, supervisors. Voting in...

  12. 22 CFR 1300.5 - Quorum and voting requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2011-04-01 2009-04-01 true Quorum and voting requirements. 1300.5 Section... CHALLENGE CORPORATION § 1300.5 Quorum and voting requirements. (a) Quorum requirements. A majority of the... the Board. (b) Voting. The Board votes on items of business in meetings conducted pursuant to...

  13. 22 CFR 1300.5 - Quorum and voting requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Quorum and voting requirements. 1300.5 Section... CHALLENGE CORPORATION § 1300.5 Quorum and voting requirements. (a) Quorum requirements. A majority of the... the Board. (b) Voting. The Board votes on items of business in meetings conducted pursuant to...

  14. 12 CFR 611.340 - Security in voting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Security in voting. 611.340 Section 611.340... Other Voting Procedures § 611.340 Security in voting. (a) Each bank and association must adopt policies... voting stockholders and after the time of receipt by the bank or association until disposal. In...

  15. 25 CFR 81.18 - Manner of voting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Manner of voting. 81.18 Section 81.18 Indians BUREAU OF... STATUTE § 81.18 Manner of voting. (a) Registered voters may vote by arriving at the appropriate polling place within the prescribed voting hours telling officials their names and addresses, signing...

  16. 25 CFR 81.18 - Manner of voting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Manner of voting. 81.18 Section 81.18 Indians BUREAU OF... STATUTE § 81.18 Manner of voting. (a) Registered voters may vote by arriving at the appropriate polling place within the prescribed voting hours telling officials their names and addresses, signing...

  17. 29 CFR 417.25 - Certification of results of vote.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Certification of results of vote. 417.25 Section 417.25... results of vote. Upon receipt of the report of the Assistant Secretary's Representative on the hearing and vote on removal, the Assistant Secretary shall certify the results of the vote to the court as...

  18. 29 CFR 417.25 - Certification of results of vote.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Certification of results of vote. 417.25 Section 417.25... results of vote. Upon receipt of the report of the Assistant Secretary's Representative on the hearing and vote on removal, the Assistant Secretary shall certify the results of the vote to the court as...

  19. 29 CFR 417.25 - Certification of results of vote.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Certification of results of vote. 417.25 Section 417.25... results of vote. Upon receipt of the report of the Assistant Secretary's Representative on the hearing and vote on removal, the Assistant Secretary shall certify the results of the vote to the court as...

  20. 29 CFR 417.25 - Certification of results of vote.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Certification of results of vote. 417.25 Section 417.25... results of vote. Upon receipt of the report of the Director's Representative on the hearing and vote on removal, the Director shall certify the results of the vote to the court as required by section 402(c)...

  1. 29 CFR 417.25 - Certification of results of vote.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Certification of results of vote. 417.25 Section 417.25... results of vote. Upon receipt of the report of the Director's Representative on the hearing and vote on removal, the Director shall certify the results of the vote to the court as required by section 402(c)...

  2. Your Voice, Your Vote: A Lesson with Website Resources

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mathys, Lori; Bennett, Linda

    2006-01-01

    This article describes several websites that can be used to encourage students to vote. These include "The Democracy Project: Inside the Voting Booth" sponsored by PBS. This site addresses three elementary topics: how one vote has made a difference in U.S. history, how the right to vote has gradually been expanded to include minorities (African…

  3. 11 CFR 110.18 - Voting age population.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 11 Federal Elections 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Voting age population. 110.18 Section 110.18... PROHIBITIONS § 110.18 Voting age population. There is annually published by the Department of Commerce in the Federal Register an estimate of the voting age population based on an estimate of the voting...

  4. 11 CFR 110.18 - Voting age population.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 11 Federal Elections 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Voting age population. 110.18 Section 110.18... PROHIBITIONS § 110.18 Voting age population. There is annually published by the Department of Commerce in the Federal Register an estimate of the voting age population based on an estimate of the voting...

  5. 11 CFR 110.18 - Voting age population.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 11 Federal Elections 1 2013-01-01 2012-01-01 true Voting age population. 110.18 Section 110.18... PROHIBITIONS § 110.18 Voting age population. There is annually published by the Department of Commerce in the Federal Register an estimate of the voting age population based on an estimate of the voting...

  6. 11 CFR 110.18 - Voting age population.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 11 Federal Elections 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Voting age population. 110.18 Section 110.18... PROHIBITIONS § 110.18 Voting age population. There is annually published by the Department of Commerce in the Federal Register an estimate of the voting age population based on an estimate of the voting...

  7. 11 CFR 110.18 - Voting age population.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 11 Federal Elections 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Voting age population. 110.18 Section 110.18... PROHIBITIONS § 110.18 Voting age population. There is annually published by the Department of Commerce in the Federal Register an estimate of the voting age population based on an estimate of the voting...

  8. Voting at Home Is Associated with Lower Cortisol than Voting at the Polls

    PubMed Central

    Neiman, Jayme; Giuseffi, Karl; Smith, Kevin; French, Jeffrey; Waismel-Manor, Israel; Hibbing, John

    2015-01-01

    Previous research finds that voting is a socially stressful activity associated with increases in cortisol levels. Here we extend this research by investigating whether different voting modalities have differential effects on the stress response to voting. Results from a field experiment conducted during the 2012 presidential elections strongly suggest that traditional “at the polls” voting is more stressful, as measured by increases in cortisol levels, than voting at home by mail-in ballot or engaging in comparable non-political social activities. These findings imply that increased low-stress voting options such as mail-in ballots may increase political participation among individuals who are sensitive to social stressors. PMID:26335591

  9. Community-acquired pneumonia.

    PubMed

    Falguera, M; Ramírez, M F

    2015-11-01

    This article not only reviews the essential aspects of community-acquired pneumonia for daily clinical practice, but also highlights the controversial issues and provides the newest available information. Community-acquired pneumonia is considered in a broad sense, without excluding certain variants that, in recent years, a number of authors have managed to delineate, such as healthcare-associated pneumonia. The latter form is nothing more than the same disease that affects more frail patients, with a greater number of risk factors, both sharing an overall common approach. PMID:26186969

  10. Community-acquired pneumonia.

    PubMed

    Falguera, M; Ramírez, M F

    2015-11-01

    This article not only reviews the essential aspects of community-acquired pneumonia for daily clinical practice, but also highlights the controversial issues and provides the newest available information. Community-acquired pneumonia is considered in a broad sense, without excluding certain variants that, in recent years, a number of authors have managed to delineate, such as healthcare-associated pneumonia. The latter form is nothing more than the same disease that affects more frail patients, with a greater number of risk factors, both sharing an overall common approach.

  11. The Eighteen Year-Old Vote

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Todays Educ, 1969

    1969-01-01

    The question of lowering the voting age is discussed by Hubert H. Humphrey, Nelson A. Rockefeller, Monroe Sweetland, Charles Gonzales, A. L. Gallop, Lila S. Chase, Arnold Durfee, and Elizabeth A. Maguire. (JL)

  12. Acquired hyperpigmentations*

    PubMed Central

    Cestari, Tania Ferreira; Dantas, Lia Pinheiro; Boza, Juliana Catucci

    2014-01-01

    Cutaneous hyperpigmentations are frequent complaints, motivating around 8.5% of all dermatological consultations in our country. They can be congenital, with different patterns of inheritance, or acquired in consequence of skin problems, systemic diseases or secondary to environmental factors. The vast majority of them are linked to alterations on the pigment melanin, induced by different mechanisms. This review will focus on the major acquired hyperpigmentations associated with increased melanin, reviewing their mechanisms of action and possible preventive measures. Particularly prominent aspects of diagnosis and therapy will be emphasized, with focus on melasma, post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation, periorbital pigmentation, dermatosis papulosa nigra, phytophotodermatoses, flagellate dermatosis, erythema dyschromicum perstans, cervical poikiloderma (Poikiloderma of Civatte), acanthosis nigricans, cutaneous amyloidosis and reticulated confluent dermatitis PMID:24626644

  13. "The Goddamndest, Toughest Voting Rights Bill": Critical Race Theory and the Voting Rights Act of 1965

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crowley, Ryan M.

    2013-01-01

    The author utilized Critical Race Theory (CRT) to examine the passage of the US Voting Rights Act (VRA) of 1965 in an effort to disrupt the simplistic, uncritical understandings of the US Civil Rights Movement common to school texts while also arguing for the ongoing importance of the VRA in a time when voting rights for people of color are under…

  14. State legislators' intentions to vote and subsequent votes on tobacco control legislation.

    PubMed

    Flynn, B S; Dana, G S; Goldstein, A O; Bauman, K E; Cohen, J E; Gottlieb, N H; Solomon, L J; Munger, M C

    1997-07-01

    The predictive validity of state legislators' behavioral intentions in relation to their votes on tobacco control legislation was assessed by using the theory of planned behavior (I. Ajzen, 1991). Intentions to vote for cigarette tax increases were measured through interviews in the summer of 1994. A bill containing cigarette tax increases was considered about 8 months later. Votes were compared with intentions and were found to be consistent for 78% of these legislators (N = 120). Multiple logistic regression analyses showed a strong independent relationship between intentions and voting and a similar effect of political party; results suggested but did not confirm that votes were predicted by interactions between intentions and perceived control. Legislator surveys that use this conceptual model can provide results relevant to understanding tobacco policy development. PMID:9237093

  15. 78 FR 5442 - Change in Bank Control Notices; Acquisitions of Shares of a Bank or Bank Holding Company

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-25

    ..., Minnesota 55480-0291: 1. Kellen M. Shebeck, Underwood, Minnesota, and Meegan S. Heiderbrink, Adrian, Minnesota; to retain voting shares of Underwood Bancshares, Inc., and thereby indirectly retain voting shares of Farmers State Bank of Underwood, both in Underwood, Minnesota. Board of Governors of...

  16. 16 CFR 802.4 - Acquisitions of voting securities of issuers or non-corporate interests in unincorporated...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... gas reserves and $100 million of coal reserves. O's assets are oil shale reserves worth $140 million and a coal mine worth $80 million. Since “A” is simultaneously acquiring the voting securities of...'s” holdings of oil and gas reserves are below the $500 limitation for such assets in §...

  17. Inequality aversion and voting on redistribution☆

    PubMed Central

    Höchtl, Wolfgang; Sausgruber, Rupert; Tyran, Jean-Robert

    2012-01-01

    Some people have a concern for a fair distribution of incomes while others do not. Does such a concern matter for majority voting on redistribution? Fairness preferences are relevant for redistribution outcomes only if fair-minded voters are pivotal. Pivotality, in turn, depends on the structure of income classes. We experimentally study voting on redistribution between two income classes and show that the effect of inequality aversion is asymmetric. Inequality aversion is more likely to matter if the “rich” are in majority. With a “poor” majority, we find that redistribution outcomes look as if all voters were exclusively motivated by self-interest. PMID:23564967

  18. 76 FR 27016 - Evaluating Test Procedures for Voting Systems

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-10

    ... National Institute of Standards and Technology Evaluating Test Procedures for Voting Systems AGENCY... assess NIST's test procedures for voting equipment. Manufacturers interested in participating in this... for certification) by the Election Assistance Commission to develop and assess NIST test protocols...

  19. Medical marijuana: important vote coming, you can help.

    PubMed

    James, John S

    2004-06-25

    Congress will vote soon on an amendment to stop Attorney General Ashcroft's crusade against medical marijuana, in states where laws recognize medical use. This amendment received 152 votes in Congress last year. PMID:15272460

  20. The weighted voting methods for consultation algorithms in shogi

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Endo, Satoshi; Touma, Keisuke; Yamada, Koji

    2014-10-01

    The consultation algorithm for computer shogidetermines each moves by voting of multiple computer shogi players. In this research, we discuss some methods that optimize weights of player vote during a shogi game. To change the weight of player vote, we use the adoption times of each player vote and the evaluation value of the situation of the game. Experimental results suggest the validity of our proposed method.

  1. 12 CFR 583.1 - Acquire.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... AND LOAN HOLDING COMPANIES § 583.1 Acquire. The term acquire means to acquire, directly or indirectly, ownership or control through an acquisition of shares, an acquisition of assets or assumption of liabilities, a merger or consolidation, or any similar transaction....

  2. At the Core of Our Democracy: A Fragile Voting System

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hamilton, Lee

    2012-01-01

    Improving elections will be neither easy nor inexpensive. States need to make elections administration a top priority--updating systems and eliminating errors, doing more to register citizens, making voting convenient, and promoting information on registration and the voting process. Surely it is worth it. The legitimacy of the system of voting is…

  3. 29 CFR 452.64 - Write-in votes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Write-in votes. 452.64 Section 452.64 Labor Regulations... OF 1959 Nominations for Office § 452.64 Write-in votes. The Act neither requires nor prohibits write-in candidacy or write-in votes. These matters are governed by appropriate provisions of the...

  4. 29 CFR 452.64 - Write-in votes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Write-in votes. 452.64 Section 452.64 Labor Regulations... OF 1959 Nominations for Office § 452.64 Write-in votes. The Act neither requires nor prohibits write-in candidacy or write-in votes. These matters are governed by appropriate provisions of the...

  5. 29 CFR 452.64 - Write-in votes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Write-in votes. 452.64 Section 452.64 Labor Regulations... OF 1959 Nominations for Office § 452.64 Write-in votes. The Act neither requires nor prohibits write-in candidacy or write-in votes. These matters are governed by appropriate provisions of the...

  6. 29 CFR 452.64 - Write-in votes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Write-in votes. 452.64 Section 452.64 Labor Regulations... OF 1959 Nominations for Office § 452.64 Write-in votes. The Act neither requires nor prohibits write-in candidacy or write-in votes. These matters are governed by appropriate provisions of the...

  7. 28 CFR 51.31 - Communications concerning voting suits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Communications concerning voting suits... ADMINISTRATION OF SECTION 5 OF THE VOTING RIGHTS ACT OF 1965, AS AMENDED Communications From Individuals and Groups § 51.31 Communications concerning voting suits. Individuals and groups are urged to notify...

  8. 31 CFR 800.206 - Convertible voting instrument.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Convertible voting instrument. 800.206..., AND TAKEOVERS BY FOREIGN PERSONS Definitions § 800.206 Convertible voting instrument. The term convertible voting instrument means a financial instrument that currently does not entitle its owner or...

  9. 7 CFR 900.307 - Time for voting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Time for voting. 900.307 Section 900.307 Agriculture... to Agricultural Marketing Agreement Act of 1937, as Amended § 900.307 Time for voting. There shall be no voting except within the time specified by the referendum agent as stated in the notice of...

  10. 29 CFR 1922.4 - Responsibilities of the Board; voting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 7 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Responsibilities of the Board; voting. 1922.4 Section 1922... WORKERS' COMPENSATION ACT § 1922.4 Responsibilities of the Board; voting. (a) Determinations and.... (c) Voting. Actions of the Board, including the determinations and recommendations required...

  11. 29 CFR 452.112 - Form of ballot; slate voting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Form of ballot; slate voting. 452.112 Section 452.112 Labor... DISCLOSURE ACT OF 1959 Election Procedures; Rights of Members § 452.112 Form of ballot; slate voting. The... “slate voting” is permissible, the balloting must be consistent with the right of members to vote for...

  12. 29 CFR 1922.4 - Responsibilities of the Board; voting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 7 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Responsibilities of the Board; voting. 1922.4 Section 1922... WORKERS' COMPENSATION ACT § 1922.4 Responsibilities of the Board; voting. (a) Determinations and.... (c) Voting. Actions of the Board, including the determinations and recommendations required...

  13. 12 CFR 611.340 - Confidentiality and security in voting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Confidentiality and security in voting. 611.340... Directors and Other Voting Procedures § 611.340 Confidentiality and security in voting. (a) Each Farm Credit... independent third party who will be responsible for validating ballots and proxies and tabulating...

  14. 17 CFR 240.16b-8 - Voting trusts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Voting trusts. 240.16b-8... Exchange Act of 1934 Exemption of Certain Transactions from Section 16(b) § 240.16b-8 Voting trusts. Any... deposit or withdrawal from a voting trust or deposit agreement shall be exempt from section 16(b) of...

  15. 29 CFR 452.112 - Form of ballot; slate voting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Form of ballot; slate voting. 452.112 Section 452.112 Labor... DISCLOSURE ACT OF 1959 Election Procedures; Rights of Members § 452.112 Form of ballot; slate voting. The... “slate voting” is permissible, the balloting must be consistent with the right of members to vote for...

  16. 7 CFR 900.307 - Time for voting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Time for voting. 900.307 Section 900.307 Agriculture... to Agricultural Marketing Agreement Act of 1937, as Amended § 900.307 Time for voting. There shall be no voting except within the time specified by the referendum agent as stated in the notice of...

  17. 12 CFR 791.3 - Voting by proxy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Voting by proxy. 791.3 Section 791.3 Banks and Banking NATIONAL CREDIT UNION ADMINISTRATION REGULATIONS AFFECTING THE OPERATIONS OF THE NATIONAL CREDIT... OBSERVATION OF NCUA BOARD MEETINGS Rules of NCUA Board Procedure § 791.3 Voting by proxy. Proxy voting...

  18. 28 CFR 51.29 - Communications concerning voting changes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Communications concerning voting changes... ADMINISTRATION OF SECTION 5 OF THE VOTING RIGHTS ACT OF 1965, AS AMENDED Communications From Individuals and Groups § 51.29 Communications concerning voting changes. Any individual or group may send to the...

  19. 17 CFR 240.16b-8 - Voting trusts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Voting trusts. 240.16b-8... Exchange Act of 1934 Exemption of Certain Transactions from Section 16(b) § 240.16b-8 Voting trusts. Any... deposit or withdrawal from a voting trust or deposit agreement shall be exempt from section 16(b) of...

  20. 75 FR 14575 - Voting Equipment Evaluations Phase III

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-26

    ... National Institute of Standards and Technology Voting Equipment Evaluations Phase III AGENCY: National... Phase III of the benchmark research for voting equipment used in an election in 2008 or later and/ or... Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) will be conducting Phase III research on voting equipment...

  1. 7 CFR 1160.603 - Who may vote.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... person shall be refused a ballot. Any person casting more than one ballot with conflicting votes shall thereby invalidate all ballots cast by such person in such referendum. Each person voting shall have registered with the referendum agent prior to the voting period. Each ballot cast shall contain...

  2. 7 CFR 1160.603 - Who may vote.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Referenda in Connection with a Fluid Milk Promotion Order § 1160.603 Who may vote. (a) Each person who was a... in consumer-type packages in the United States shall be entitled to vote in a referendum, and no such... thereby invalidate all ballots cast by such person in such referendum. Each person voting shall...

  3. The Legal Struggles to Gain Americans the Right To Vote.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Amamoo, Samia J.

    2000-01-01

    Discusses the major milestones in the battle for voting rights focusing on the 15th, 19th, 24th, and 26th Amendments and the Voting Rights Act of 1965. Considers the future role of direct voting, specifically initiatives and referendums, and questions whether initiatives and referendums will encourage voter turnout. (CMK)

  4. 7 CFR 1160.603 - Who may vote.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Referenda in Connection with a Fluid Milk Promotion Order § 1160.603 Who may vote. (a) Each person who was a... in consumer-type packages in the United States shall be entitled to vote in a referendum, and no such... thereby invalidate all ballots cast by such person in such referendum. Each person voting shall...

  5. 28 CFR 51.29 - Communications concerning voting changes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Groups § 51.29 Communications concerning voting changes. Any individual or group may send to the Attorney... or group, describing the alleged change affecting voting and setting forth evidence regarding whether... individuals or groups concerning any change affecting voting may be sent at any time; however, individuals...

  6. 28 CFR 51.31 - Communications concerning voting suits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Communications concerning voting suits. 51.31 Section 51.31 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) PROCEDURES FOR THE... Chief, Voting Section, Civil Rights Division, of litigation concerning voting in jurisdictions...

  7. 76 FR 36538 - Notice of Proposals To Engage in Permissible Nonbanking Activities or To Acquire Companies That...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-22

    ... Notice of Proposals To Engage in Permissible Nonbanking Activities or To Acquire Companies That Are...) to engage de novo, or to acquire or control voting securities or assets of a company, including the... Northern Trust Company and Northern Trust Corporation, both located in Chicago, Illinois; to acquire...

  8. 12 CFR 708a.12 - Voting incentives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Voting incentives. 708a.12 Section 708a.12 Banks and Banking NATIONAL CREDIT UNION ADMINISTRATION REGULATIONS AFFECTING CREDIT UNIONS BANK CONVERSIONS AND MERGERS Conversion of Insured Credit Unions to Mutual Savings Banks § 708a.12...

  9. Higher Ed. Gets Voting Rights on Assessments

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gewertz, Catherine

    2012-01-01

    A group of states that is designing tests for the common academic standards has taken a key step to ensure that the assessments reflect students' readiness for college-level work: It gave top higher education officials from member states voting power on test-design questions that are closest to the heart of the college-readiness question. At its…

  10. 31 CFR 800.228 - Voting interest.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Voting interest. 800.228 Section 800.228 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF INVESTMENT SECURITY, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY REGULATIONS PERTAINING TO MERGERS, ACQUISITIONS,...

  11. One Vote for the Electoral College

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Turner, John J., Jr.

    2007-01-01

    For students of history, the acrimonious and contentious 1876 presidential canvass came to mind during the 2000 election imbroglio. Democrat Samuel J. Tilden won the popular vote, but to the dismay of outraged Democrats, an electoral commission of eight Republicans and seven Democrats decided along strict party lines to give twenty disputed…

  12. 32 CFR 242b.5 - Voting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... SCIENCES § 242b.5 Voting. (a) The concurrence of a majority of the Regents present at a meeting shall be necessary for the transaction of business. (b) Unless a written ballot is required by a Regent, no actions taken by the Board need be by written ballot. (c) The Chairman of the Board and of each Committee...

  13. Should Schools Teach Students to Vote? YES!

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hess, Diana E.

    2012-01-01

    There are many approaches that schools could take to prepare and encourage young people to vote. These approaches may be less dramatic than linking registration to graduation, but they are more comprehensive and likely even more effective in the long term. In this article, the author encourages educators, particularly the social studies community,…

  14. MWCC Casts Its Vote for Democracy's Colleges

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Forhan, Fagan

    2012-01-01

    With the presidential election just one month away, and contention between Democrats and Republicans at near stratospheric levels, now is the opportune time to engage community college students in the democratic process. While encouraging students to vote is important, effective civic engagement goes well beyond the ballot box; it requires a…

  15. 7 CFR 1210.403 - Voting procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Voting procedures. 1210.403 Section 1210.403 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE WATERMELON RESEARCH...

  16. 7 CFR 1210.602 - Voting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE WATERMELON RESEARCH AND PROMOTION... independent entities cooperating only to produce watermelons in which more than one of the parties is a... ownership: Provided further, That the vote of a person who both produces and handles watermelons will...

  17. 7 CFR 1210.403 - Voting procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Voting procedures. 1210.403 Section 1210.403 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE WATERMELON RESEARCH...

  18. 7 CFR 1210.403 - Voting procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Voting procedures. 1210.403 Section 1210.403 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE WATERMELON RESEARCH...

  19. 7 CFR 1210.602 - Voting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE WATERMELON RESEARCH AND PROMOTION... independent entities cooperating only to produce watermelons in which more than one of the parties is a... ownership: Provided further, That the vote of a person who both produces and handles watermelons will...

  20. 7 CFR 1210.403 - Voting procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Voting procedures. 1210.403 Section 1210.403 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE WATERMELON RESEARCH...

  1. 7 CFR 1210.403 - Voting procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Voting procedures. 1210.403 Section 1210.403 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE WATERMELON RESEARCH...

  2. 7 CFR 1210.602 - Voting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE WATERMELON RESEARCH AND PROMOTION... independent entities cooperating only to produce watermelons in which more than one of the parties is a... ownership: Provided further, That the vote of a person who both produces and handles watermelons will...

  3. 7 CFR 1221.211 - Voting period.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Voting period. 1221.211 Section 1221.211 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SORGHUM PROMOTION, RESEARCH,...

  4. 7 CFR 1221.211 - Voting period.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Voting period. 1221.211 Section 1221.211 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SORGHUM PROMOTION, RESEARCH,...

  5. 7 CFR 1221.211 - Voting period.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Voting period. 1221.211 Section 1221.211 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SORGHUM PROMOTION, RESEARCH,...

  6. 7 CFR 1221.211 - Voting period.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Voting period. 1221.211 Section 1221.211 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SORGHUM PROMOTION, RESEARCH,...

  7. 7 CFR 927.23 - Voting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... ORDERS; FRUITS, VEGETABLES, NUTS), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE PEARS GROWN IN OREGON AND WASHINGTON Order... election held in the district in which he or she produces pears, and a handler may participate only in the election held in the district in which he or she handles pears. Each person may vote as a grower,...

  8. 7 CFR 927.23 - Voting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... Orders; Fruits, Vegetables, Nuts), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE PEARS GROWN IN OREGON AND WASHINGTON Order... election held in the district in which he or she produces pears, and a handler may participate only in the election held in the district in which he or she handles pears. Each person may vote as a grower,...

  9. 7 CFR 927.23 - Voting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... ORDERS; FRUITS, VEGETABLES, NUTS), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE PEARS GROWN IN OREGON AND WASHINGTON Order... election held in the district in which he or she produces pears, and a handler may participate only in the election held in the district in which he or she handles pears. Each person may vote as a grower,...

  10. 7 CFR 1205.204 - Voting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Procedures for the Conduct of Referenda in Connection With Cotton Research and Promotion Order § 1205.204... opportunity to vote in a referendum will be provided at the FSA county office serving the county where the... eligible producer voters prior to the referendum. AMS shall establish a register of known eligible...

  11. Personality and Attitude Determinants of Voting Behavior

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brigham, John C.; Severy, Lawrence J.

    1976-01-01

    Measures of racial attitude, conceptual style, commitment to candidate and electoral process, social-political evaluation, and voting intentions, were administered to white college students (N=320) before the 1972 Presidential election. Prediction of behavioral intentions becomes more powerful as attitudinal measures are made more directly…

  12. 7 CFR 900.402 - Voting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... one vote in the referendum; and (2) a cooperative association of producers, bona fide engaged in... or cooperative association, or an administrator, executor or trustee of a producing estate may cast a ballot on behalf of such producer, processor, estate, or cooperative association. Any individual...

  13. 7 CFR 1212.102 - Voting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE HONEY PACKERS AND IMPORTERS RESEARCH, PROMOTION, CONSUMER EDUCATION AND INDUSTRY INFORMATION ORDER Referendum Procedures § 1212.102 Voting. (a..., or trustee of an eligible entity and that such individual has the authority to take such action....

  14. 12 CFR 708a.312 - Voting guidelines.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Banks and Banking NATIONAL CREDIT UNION ADMINISTRATION REGULATIONS AFFECTING CREDIT UNIONS BANK.... (2) The incentive should not be unreasonable in size. The cost of the incentive should have a... solicit votes could easily neglect everyday duties critical to the credit union's safe and sound...

  15. Achieving Learning Objectives through E-Voting Case Studies

    SciTech Connect

    Bishop, Matt; Frincke, Deb

    2007-01-01

    The recent explosion in the use of electronic voting machines provides a wonderful opportunity to teach students about computer security. Because voting is the cornerstone of any democracy or republic, the need for secure voting systems is obvious. Further, students are familiar with how to vote. But the complexity of mapping a traditional process of voting using secret ballots to an electronic environment shows the difficulties of implementing secure processes and systems. In this article, we show a high level mapping from selected security and privacy education outcomes into a target ‘case study’ of developing electronic voting machines intended for traditional secret ballot elections. Our intent is to motivate both a set of lessons specifically involving e-voting, as well as illustrating the usefulness of having a mapping from outcomes to simplified case studies.

  16. Investigating the effects of majority voting on CAD systems: a LIDC case study

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Carrazza, Miguel; Kennedy, Brendan; Rasin, Alexander; Furst, Jacob; Raicu, Daniela

    2016-03-01

    Computer-Aided Diagnosis (CAD) systems can provide a second opinion for either identifying suspicious regions on a medical image or predicting the degree of malignancy for a detected suspicious region. To develop a predictive model, CAD systems are trained on low-level image features extracted from image data and the class labels acquired through radiologists' interpretations or a gold standard (e.g., a biopsy). While the opinion of an expert radiologist is still an estimate of the answer, the ground truth may be extremely expensive to acquire. In such cases, CAD systems are trained on input data that contains multiple expert opinions per case with the expectation that the aggregate of labels will closely approximate the ground truth. Using multiple labels to solve this problem has its own challenges because of the inherent label uncertainty introduced by the variability in the radiologists' interpretations. Most CAD systems use majority voting (e.g., average, mode) to handle label uncertainty. This paper investigates the effects that majority voting can have on a CAD system by classifying and analyzing different semantic characteristics supplied with the Lung Image Database Consortium (LIDC) dataset. Using a decision tree based iterative predictive model, we show that majority voting with labels that exhibit certain types of skewed distribution can have a significant negative impact on the performance of a CAD system; therefore, alternative strategies for label integration are required when handling multiple interpretations.

  17. Minimum Disclosure Counting for the Alternative Vote

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wen, Roland; Buckland, Richard

    Although there is a substantial body of work on preventing bribery and coercion of voters in cryptographic election schemes for plurality electoral systems, there are few attempts to construct such schemes for preferential electoral systems. The problem is preferential systems are prone to bribery and coercion via subtle signature attacks during the counting. We introduce a minimum disclosure counting scheme for the alternative vote preferential system. Minimum disclosure provides protection from signature attacks by revealing only the winning candidate.

  18. Voting Intention and Choices: Are Voters Always Rational and Deliberative?

    PubMed

    Lee, I-Ching; Chen, Eva E; Tsai, Chia-Hung; Yen, Nai-Shing; Chen, Arbee L P; Lin, Wei-Chieh

    2016-01-01

    Human rationality--the ability to behave in order to maximize the achievement of their presumed goals (i.e., their optimal choices)--is the foundation for democracy. Research evidence has suggested that voters may not make decisions after exhaustively processing relevant information; instead, our decision-making capacity may be restricted by our own biases and the environment. In this paper, we investigate the extent to which humans in a democratic society can be rational when making decisions in a serious, complex situation-voting in a local political election. We believe examining human rationality in a political election is important, because a well-functioning democracy rests largely upon the rational choices of individual voters. Previous research has shown that explicit political attitudes predict voting intention and choices (i.e., actual votes) in democratic societies, indicating that people are able to reason comprehensively when making voting decisions. Other work, though, has demonstrated that the attitudes of which we may not be aware, such as our implicit (e.g., subconscious) preferences, can predict voting choices, which may question the well-functioning democracy. In this study, we systematically examined predictors on voting intention and choices in the 2014 mayoral election in Taipei, Taiwan. Results indicate that explicit political party preferences had the largest impact on voting intention and choices. Moreover, implicit political party preferences interacted with explicit political party preferences in accounting for voting intention, and in turn predicted voting choices. Ethnic identity and perceived voting intention of significant others were found to predict voting choices, but not voting intention. In sum, to the comfort of democracy, voters appeared to engage mainly explicit, controlled processes in making their decisions; but findings on ethnic identity and perceived voting intention of significant others may suggest otherwise. PMID

  19. Voting Intention and Choices: Are Voters Always Rational and Deliberative?

    PubMed

    Lee, I-Ching; Chen, Eva E; Tsai, Chia-Hung; Yen, Nai-Shing; Chen, Arbee L P; Lin, Wei-Chieh

    2016-01-01

    Human rationality--the ability to behave in order to maximize the achievement of their presumed goals (i.e., their optimal choices)--is the foundation for democracy. Research evidence has suggested that voters may not make decisions after exhaustively processing relevant information; instead, our decision-making capacity may be restricted by our own biases and the environment. In this paper, we investigate the extent to which humans in a democratic society can be rational when making decisions in a serious, complex situation-voting in a local political election. We believe examining human rationality in a political election is important, because a well-functioning democracy rests largely upon the rational choices of individual voters. Previous research has shown that explicit political attitudes predict voting intention and choices (i.e., actual votes) in democratic societies, indicating that people are able to reason comprehensively when making voting decisions. Other work, though, has demonstrated that the attitudes of which we may not be aware, such as our implicit (e.g., subconscious) preferences, can predict voting choices, which may question the well-functioning democracy. In this study, we systematically examined predictors on voting intention and choices in the 2014 mayoral election in Taipei, Taiwan. Results indicate that explicit political party preferences had the largest impact on voting intention and choices. Moreover, implicit political party preferences interacted with explicit political party preferences in accounting for voting intention, and in turn predicted voting choices. Ethnic identity and perceived voting intention of significant others were found to predict voting choices, but not voting intention. In sum, to the comfort of democracy, voters appeared to engage mainly explicit, controlled processes in making their decisions; but findings on ethnic identity and perceived voting intention of significant others may suggest otherwise.

  20. Voting Intention and Choices: Are Voters Always Rational and Deliberative?

    PubMed Central

    Lee, I-Ching; Chen, Eva E.; Tsai, Chia-Hung; Yen, Nai-Shing; Chen, Arbee L. P.; Lin, Wei-Chieh

    2016-01-01

    Human rationality–the ability to behave in order to maximize the achievement of their presumed goals (i.e., their optimal choices)–is the foundation for democracy. Research evidence has suggested that voters may not make decisions after exhaustively processing relevant information; instead, our decision-making capacity may be restricted by our own biases and the environment. In this paper, we investigate the extent to which humans in a democratic society can be rational when making decisions in a serious, complex situation–voting in a local political election. We believe examining human rationality in a political election is important, because a well-functioning democracy rests largely upon the rational choices of individual voters. Previous research has shown that explicit political attitudes predict voting intention and choices (i.e., actual votes) in democratic societies, indicating that people are able to reason comprehensively when making voting decisions. Other work, though, has demonstrated that the attitudes of which we may not be aware, such as our implicit (e.g., subconscious) preferences, can predict voting choices, which may question the well-functioning democracy. In this study, we systematically examined predictors on voting intention and choices in the 2014 mayoral election in Taipei, Taiwan. Results indicate that explicit political party preferences had the largest impact on voting intention and choices. Moreover, implicit political party preferences interacted with explicit political party preferences in accounting for voting intention, and in turn predicted voting choices. Ethnic identity and perceived voting intention of significant others were found to predict voting choices, but not voting intention. In sum, to the comfort of democracy, voters appeared to engage mainly explicit, controlled processes in making their decisions; but findings on ethnic identity and perceived voting intention of significant others may suggest otherwise. PMID

  1. Using Instant Messaging Systems as a Platform for Electronic Voting

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Meletiadou, Anastasia; Grimm, Rüdiger

    Many Instant Messaging (IM) systems like Skype or Spark offer ex tended services such as file sharing, VoIP, or a shared whiteboard. As the name suggests, IM applications are predominantly used for spontaneous text-based communication for private or business purposes. In this paper we explore their potential to serve as platforms for secure collaborative applications like electronic contract negotiation, e-payment or electronic voting. Such applications have to deal with challenges like time constraints (“instant” com munication is desired), integration of media channels and the absence of one uni fying “sphere of control” covering all participants. In this paper, we address these challenges by discussing one particular secure collaborative application: secure decision processes for small groups. We provide the following contribu tions: (1) we define three varying scenarios and corresponding security require ments (2) we present an IM-based architecture implementing these scenarios, in cluding a Video-based authentication mechanism, and (3) we discuss poten tial attack patterns.

  2. A Comparison of Three Voting Methods for Bagging with the MLEM2 Algorithm

    SciTech Connect

    Clinton Cohagan; Jerzy W. Grzymala-Busse; Zdzislaw S. Hippe

    2010-03-17

    This paper presents results of experiments on some data sets using bagging on the MLEM2 rule induction algorithm. Three different methods of ensemble voting, based on support (a non-democratic voting in which ensembles vote with their strengths), strength only (an ensemble with the largest strength decides to which concept a case belongs) and democratic voting (each ensemble has at most one vote) were used. Our conclusions are that though in most cases democratic voting was the best, it is not significantly better than voting based on support. The strength voting was the worst voting method.

  3. Perceived health from biological motion predicts voting behaviour.

    PubMed

    Kramer, Robin S S; Arend, Isabel; Ward, Robert

    2010-04-01

    Body motion signals socially relevant traits like the sex, age, and even the genetic quality of actors and may therefore facilitate various social judgements. By examining ratings and voting decisions based solely on body motion of political candidates, we considered how the candidates' motion affected people's judgements and voting behaviour. In two experiments, participants viewed stick figure motion displays made from videos of politicians in public debate. Participants rated the motion displays for a variety of social traits and then indicated their vote preference. In both experiments, perceived physical health was the single best predictor of vote choice, and no two-factor model produced significant improvement. Notably, although attractiveness and leadership correlated with voting behaviour, neither provided additional explanatory power to a single-factor model of health alone. Our results demonstrate for the first time that motion can produce systematic vote preferences.

  4. 17 CFR 275.206(4)-6 - Proxy voting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Proxy voting. 275.206(4)-6...) RULES AND REGULATIONS, INVESTMENT ADVISERS ACT OF 1940 § 275.206(4)-6 Proxy voting. If you are an... section 206(4) of the Act (15 U.S.C. 80b-6(4)), for you to exercise voting authority with respect...

  5. 17 CFR 275.206(4)-6 - Proxy voting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Proxy voting. 275.206(4)-6...) RULES AND REGULATIONS, INVESTMENT ADVISERS ACT OF 1940 § 275.206(4)-6 Proxy voting. If you are an... section 206(4) of the Act (15 U.S.C. 80b-6(4)), for you to exercise voting authority with respect...

  6. 25 CFR 217.6 - Method of casting votes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2012-04-01 2011-04-01 true Method of casting votes. 217.6 Section 217.6 Indians.... § 217.6 Method of casting votes. Within 30 days after an issue and any analysis provided for in §§ 217.4... superintendent in writing of the number of votes cast for and against the proposed or alternative solutions....

  7. 25 CFR 217.6 - Method of casting votes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Method of casting votes. 217.6 Section 217.6 Indians.... § 217.6 Method of casting votes. Within 30 days after an issue and any analysis provided for in §§ 217.4... superintendent in writing of the number of votes cast for and against the proposed or alternative solutions....

  8. 25 CFR 217.6 - Method of casting votes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Method of casting votes. 217.6 Section 217.6 Indians.... § 217.6 Method of casting votes. Within 30 days after an issue and any analysis provided for in §§ 217.4... superintendent in writing of the number of votes cast for and against the proposed or alternative solutions....

  9. 7 CFR 1221.227 - Canvassing voting ballots.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SORGHUM PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND... the ballot during the voting period was engaged in the production or importation of sorghum....

  10. 7 CFR 1221.227 - Canvassing voting ballots.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SORGHUM PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND... the ballot during the voting period was engaged in the production or importation of sorghum....

  11. 7 CFR 1221.227 - Canvassing voting ballots.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SORGHUM PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND... the ballot during the voting period was engaged in the production or importation of sorghum....

  12. 7 CFR 1221.227 - Canvassing voting ballots.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SORGHUM PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND... the ballot during the voting period was engaged in the production or importation of sorghum....

  13. Quantum anonymous voting with unweighted continuous-variable graph states

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Guo, Ying; Feng, Yanyan; Zeng, Guihua

    2016-08-01

    Motivated by the revealing topological structures of continuous-variable graph state (CVGS), we investigate the design of quantum voting scheme, which has serious advantages over the conventional ones in terms of efficiency and graphicness. Three phases are included, i.e., the preparing phase, the voting phase and the counting phase, together with three parties, i.e., the voters, the tallyman and the ballot agency. Two major voting operations are performed on the yielded CVGS in the voting process, namely the local rotation transformation and the displacement operation. The voting information is carried by the CVGS established before hand, whose persistent entanglement is deployed to keep the privacy of votes and the anonymity of legal voters. For practical applications, two CVGS-based quantum ballots, i.e., comparative ballot and anonymous survey, are specially designed, followed by the extended ballot schemes for the binary-valued and multi-valued ballots under some constraints for the voting design. Security is ensured by entanglement of the CVGS, the voting operations and the laws of quantum mechanics. The proposed schemes can be implemented using the standard off-the-shelf components when compared to discrete-variable quantum voting schemes attributing to the characteristics of the CV-based quantum cryptography.

  14. SHARE and Share Alike

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baird, Jeffrey Marshall

    2006-01-01

    This article describes a reading comprehension program adopted at J. E. Cosgriff Memorial Catholic School in Salt Lake City, Utah. The program is called SHARE: Students Helping Achieve Reading Excellence, and involves seventh and eighth grade students teaching first and second graders reading comprehension strategies learned in middle school…

  15. Stylized Facts in Brazilian Vote Distributions

    PubMed Central

    Calvão, Angelo Mondaini; Crokidakis, Nuno; Anteneodo, Celia

    2015-01-01

    Elections, specially in countries such as Brazil, with an electorate of the order of 100 million people, yield large-scale data-sets embodying valuable information on the dynamics through which individuals influence each other and make choices. In this work we perform an extensive analysis of data sets available for Brazilian proportional elections of legislators and city councilors throughout the period 1970–2014, which embraces two distinct political regimes: a military regime followed by a democratic one. We perform a comparative analysis of elections for legislative positions, in different states and years, through the distribution p(v) of the number of candidates receiving v votes. We show the impact of the different political regimes on the vote distributions. Although p(v) has a common shape, with a scaling behavior, quantitative details change over time and from one electorate to another. In order to interpret the observed features, we propose a multi-species model consisting in a system of nonlinear differential equations, with values of the parameters that reflect the heterogeneity of candidates. In its simplest setting, the model can not explain the cutoff, formed by the most voted candidates, whose success is determined mainly by their peculiar, intrinsic characteristics, such as previous publicity. However, the modeling allows to interpret the scaling of p(v), yielding a predictor of the degree of feedback in the interactions of the electorate. Knowledge of the feedback is relevant beyond the context of elections, since a similar interactivity may occur for other social contagion processes in the same population. PMID:26418863

  16. Stylized Facts in Brazilian Vote Distributions.

    PubMed

    Calvão, Angelo Mondaini; Crokidakis, Nuno; Anteneodo, Celia

    2015-01-01

    Elections, specially in countries such as Brazil, with an electorate of the order of 100 million people, yield large-scale data-sets embodying valuable information on the dynamics through which individuals influence each other and make choices. In this work we perform an extensive analysis of data sets available for Brazilian proportional elections of legislators and city councilors throughout the period 1970-2014, which embraces two distinct political regimes: a military regime followed by a democratic one. We perform a comparative analysis of elections for legislative positions, in different states and years, through the distribution p(v) of the number of candidates receiving v votes. We show the impact of the different political regimes on the vote distributions. Although p(v) has a common shape, with a scaling behavior, quantitative details change over time and from one electorate to another. In order to interpret the observed features, we propose a multi-species model consisting in a system of nonlinear differential equations, with values of the parameters that reflect the heterogeneity of candidates. In its simplest setting, the model can not explain the cutoff, formed by the most voted candidates, whose success is determined mainly by their peculiar, intrinsic characteristics, such as previous publicity. However, the modeling allows to interpret the scaling of p(v), yielding a predictor of the degree of feedback in the interactions of the electorate. Knowledge of the feedback is relevant beyond the context of elections, since a similar interactivity may occur for other social contagion processes in the same population.

  17. 75 FR 5322 - Change in Bank Control Notices; Acquisition of Shares of Bank or Bank Holding Companies

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-02

    ..., Minnesota 55480-0291: 1. Charles H. Burke III, Pierre, South Dakota; as an individual, to acquire voting...., both of Pierre, South Dakota. Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, January 28,...

  18. Computer-aided detection of human cone photoreceptor inner segments using multi-scale circular voting

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liu, Jianfei; Dubra, Alfredo; Tam, Johnny

    2016-03-01

    Cone photoreceptors are highly specialized cells responsible for the origin of vision in the human eye. Their inner segments can be noninvasively visualized using adaptive optics scanning light ophthalmoscopes (AOSLOs) with nonconfocal split detection capabilities. Monitoring the number of cones can lead to more precise metrics for real-time diagnosis and assessment of disease progression. Cell identification in split detection AOSLO images is hindered by cell regions with heterogeneous intensity arising from shadowing effects and low contrast boundaries due to overlying blood vessels. Here, we present a multi-scale circular voting approach to overcome these challenges through the novel combination of: 1) iterative circular voting to identify candidate cells based on their circular structures, 2) a multi-scale strategy to identify the optimal circular voting response, and 3) clustering to improve robustness while removing false positives. We acquired images from three healthy subjects at various locations on the retina and manually labeled cell locations to create ground-truth for evaluating the detection accuracy. The images span a large range of cell densities. The overall recall, precision, and F1 score were 91±4%, 84±10%, and 87±7% (Mean±SD). Results showed that our method for the identification of cone photoreceptor inner segments performs well even with low contrast cell boundaries and vessel obscuration. These encouraging results demonstrate that the proposed approach can robustly and accurately identify cells in split detection AOSLO images.

  19. 76 FR 9781 - Notice of Proposals To Engage in Permissible Nonbanking Activities or To Acquire Companies That...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-22

    ... Notice of Proposals To Engage in Permissible Nonbanking Activities or To Acquire Companies That Are Engaged in Permissible Nonbanking Activities The companies listed in this notice have given notice under...) to engage de novo, or to acquire or control voting securities or assets of a company, including...

  20. 76 FR 55388 - Notice of Proposals To Engage in Permissible Nonbanking Activities or To Acquire Companies That...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-07

    ... Notice of Proposals To Engage in Permissible Nonbanking Activities or To Acquire Companies That Are Engaged in Permissible Nonbanking Activities The companies listed in this notice have given notice under...) to engage de novo, or to acquire or control voting securities or assets of a company, including...

  1. 76 FR 46808 - Notice of Proposals To Engage in Permissible Nonbanking Activities or To Acquire Companies That...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-03

    ... Notice of Proposals To Engage in Permissible Nonbanking Activities or To Acquire Companies That Are Engaged in Permissible Nonbanking Activities The companies listed in this notice have given notice under...) to engage de novo, or to acquire or control voting securities or assets of a company, including...

  2. 76 FR 40366 - Notice of Proposals To Engage in Permissible Nonbanking Activities or To Acquire Companies That...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-08

    ... Notice of Proposals To Engage in Permissible Nonbanking Activities or To Acquire Companies That Are Engaged in Permissible Nonbanking Activities The companies listed in this notice have given notice under...) to engage de novo, or to acquire or control voting securities or assets of a company, including...

  3. 76 FR 30941 - Notice of Proposals To Engage in Permissible Nonbanking Activities or To Acquire Companies That...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-27

    ... Notice of Proposals To Engage in Permissible Nonbanking Activities or To Acquire Companies That Are Engaged in Permissible Nonbanking Activities The companies listed in this notice have given notice under...), to engage de novo, or to acquire or control voting securities or assets of a company, including...

  4. 77 FR 17479 - Notice of Proposals To Engage in or To Acquire Companies Engaged in Permissible Nonbanking...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-26

    ... Notice of Proposals To Engage in or To Acquire Companies Engaged in Permissible Nonbanking Activities The companies listed in this notice have given notice under the Home Owners' Loan Act (HOLA) (12 U.S.C. 1461 et... acquire or control voting securities or assets of a company, including the companies listed below,...

  5. 76 FR 53900 - Notice of Proposals To Engage in Permissible Nonbanking Activities or To Acquire Companies That...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-30

    ... Notice of Proposals To Engage in Permissible Nonbanking Activities or To Acquire Companies That Are Engaged in Permissible Nonbanking Activities The companies listed in this notice have given notice under...) to engage de novo, or to acquire or control voting securities or assets of a company, including...

  6. 76 FR 38178 - Notice of Proposals To Engage in Permissible Nonbanking Activities or To Acquire Companies That...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-29

    ... Notice of Proposals To Engage in Permissible Nonbanking Activities or To Acquire Companies That Are Engaged in Permissible Nonbanking Activities The companies listed in this notice have given notice under...) to engage de novo, or to acquire or control voting securities or assets of a company, including...

  7. 76 FR 35218 - Notice of Proposals To Engage in Permissible Nonbanking Activities or To Acquire Companies That...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-16

    ... Notice of Proposals To Engage in Permissible Nonbanking Activities or To Acquire Companies That Are Engaged in Permissible Nonbanking Activities The companies listed in this notice have given notice under...) to engage de novo, or to acquire or control voting securities or assets of a company, including...

  8. 77 FR 2064 - Notice of Proposals To Engage in or To Acquire Companies Engaged in Permissible Nonbanking...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-13

    ... Notice of Proposals To Engage in or To Acquire Companies Engaged in Permissible Nonbanking Activities The companies listed in this notice have given notice under the Home Owners' Loan Act (HOLA) (12 U.S.C. 1461 et... acquire or control voting securities or assets of a company, including the companies listed below,...

  9. 76 FR 30169 - Notice of Proposals To Engage in Permissible Nonbanking Activities or To Acquire Companies That...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-24

    ... Notice of Proposals To Engage in Permissible Nonbanking Activities or To Acquire Companies That Are Engaged in Permissible Nonbanking Activities The companies listed in this notice have given notice under...) to engage de novo, or to acquire or control voting securities or assets of a company, including...

  10. 76 FR 54469 - Notice of Proposals To Engage in Permissible Nonbanking Activities or To Acquire Companies That...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-01

    ... Notice of Proposals To Engage in Permissible Nonbanking Activities or To Acquire Companies That Are Engaged in Permissible Nonbanking Activities The companies listed in this notice have given notice under...) to engage de novo, or to acquire or control voting securities or assets of a company, including...

  11. 75 FR 69079 - Notice of Proposals To Engage in Permissible Nonbanking Activities or To Acquire Companies That...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-10

    ... Notice of Proposals To Engage in Permissible Nonbanking Activities or To Acquire Companies That Are Engaged in Permissible Nonbanking Activities The companies listed in this notice have given notice under...) to engage de novo, or to acquire or control voting securities or assets of a company, including...

  12. 78 FR 70946 - Notice of Proposals To Engage in or To Acquire Companies Engaged in Permissible Nonbanking...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-27

    ... Notice of Proposals To Engage in or To Acquire Companies Engaged in Permissible Nonbanking Activities The companies listed in this notice have given notice under the Home Owners' Loan Act (HOLA) (12 U.S.C. 1461 et... acquire or control voting securities or assets of a company, including the companies listed below,...

  13. 78 FR 15015 - Notice of Proposals To Engage in or To Acquire Companies Engaged in Permissible Nonbanking...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-08

    ... Notice of Proposals To Engage in or To Acquire Companies Engaged in Permissible Nonbanking Activities The companies listed in this notice have given notice under the Home Owners' Loan Act (HOLA) (12 U.S.C. 1461 et... acquire or control voting securities or assets of a company, including the companies listed below,...

  14. 78 FR 42523 - Notice of Proposals To Engage in or To Acquire Companies Engaged in Permissible Nonbanking...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-16

    ... Notice of Proposals To Engage in or To Acquire Companies Engaged in Permissible Nonbanking Activities The companies listed in this notice have given notice under the Home Owners' Loan Act (HOLA) (12 U.S.C. 1461 et... acquire or control voting securities or assets of a company, including the companies listed below,...

  15. 76 FR 65510 - Notice of Proposals To Engage in or To Acquire Companies Engaged in Permissible Nonbanking...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-21

    ... Notice of Proposals To Engage in or To Acquire Companies Engaged in Permissible Nonbanking Activities The companies listed in this notice have given notice under the Home Owners' Loan Act (HOLA) (12 U.S.C. 1461 et... acquire or control voting securities or assets of a company, including the companies listed below,...

  16. 76 FR 58812 - Notice of Proposals To Engage in Permissible Nonbanking Activities or To Acquire Companies That...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-22

    ... Notice of Proposals To Engage in Permissible Nonbanking Activities or To Acquire Companies That Are Engaged in Permissible Nonbanking Activities The companies listed in this notice have given notice under... Regulation MM (12 CFR part 239) to engage de novo, or to acquire or control voting securities or assets of...

  17. 76 FR 22705 - Notice of Proposals To Engage in Permissible Nonbanking Activities or To Acquire Companies That...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-22

    ... Notice of Proposals To Engage in Permissible Nonbanking Activities or To Acquire Companies That Are Engaged in Permissible Nonbanking Activities The companies listed in this notice have given notice under... engage de novo, or to acquire or control voting securities or assets of a company, including...

  18. The accuracy of a voice vote

    PubMed Central

    Titze, Ingo R.; Palaparthi, Anil

    2014-01-01

    The accuracy of a voice vote was addressed by systematically varying group size, individual voter loudness, and words that are typically used to express agreement or disagreement. Five judges rated the loudness of two competing groups in A-B comparison tasks. Acoustic analysis was performed to determine the sound energy level of each word uttered by each group. Results showed that individual voter differences in energy level can grossly alter group loudness and bias the vote. Unless some control is imposed on the sound level of individual voters, it is difficult to establish even a two-thirds majority, much less a simple majority. There is no symmetry in the bias created by unequal sound production of individuals. Soft voices do not bias the group loudness much, but loud voices do. The phonetic balance of the two words chosen (e.g., “yea” and “nay” as opposed to “aye” and “no”) seems to be less of an issue. PMID:24437776

  19. Creating Discussions with Classroom Voting in Linear Algebra

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cline, Kelly; Zullo, Holly; Duncan, Jonathan; Stewart, Ann; Snipes, Marie

    2013-01-01

    We present a study of classroom voting in linear algebra, in which the instructors posed multiple-choice questions to the class and then allowed a few minutes for consideration and small-group discussion. After each student in the class voted on the correct answer using a classroom response system, a set of clickers, the instructor then guided a…

  20. 32 CFR 2003.6 - Voting (Article VI).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Voting (Article VI). 2003.6 Section 2003.6 National Defense Other Regulations Relating to National Defense INFORMATION SECURITY OVERSIGHT OFFICE...) BYLAWS, RULES, AND APPEAL PROCEDURES Bylaws § 2003.6 Voting (Article VI). (a) Motions. When the Panel...

  1. 32 CFR 2003.6 - Voting (Article VI).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Voting (Article VI). 2003.6 Section 2003.6 National Defense Other Regulations Relating to National Defense INFORMATION SECURITY OVERSIGHT OFFICE...) BYLAWS, RULES, AND APPEAL PROCEDURES Bylaws § 2003.6 Voting (Article VI). (a) Motions. When the Panel...

  2. Addressing Common Student Errors with Classroom Voting in Multivariable Calculus

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cline, Kelly; Parker, Mark; Zullo, Holly; Stewart, Ann

    2012-01-01

    One technique for identifying and addressing common student errors is the method of classroom voting, in which the instructor presents a multiple-choice question to the class, and after a few minutes for consideration and small group discussion, each student votes on the correct answer, often using a hand-held electronic clicker. If a large number…

  3. 7 CFR 989.129 - Voting at nomination meetings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Voting at nomination meetings. 989.129 Section 989.129 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing... Voting at nomination meetings. Any person (defined in § 989.3 as an individual, partnership,...

  4. 29 CFR 4002.7 - Voting without a meeting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 9 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Voting without a meeting. 4002.7 Section 4002.7 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) PENSION BENEFIT GUARANTY CORPORATION GENERAL BYLAWS OF THE PENSION BENEFIT GUARANTY CORPORATION § 4002.7 Voting without a meeting. A resolution of the Board of...

  5. 7 CFR 989.129 - Voting at nomination meetings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Voting at nomination meetings. 989.129 Section 989.129 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing... Voting at nomination meetings. Any person (defined in § 989.3 as an individual, partnership,...

  6. 29 CFR 4002.7 - Voting without a meeting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 9 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Voting without a meeting. 4002.7 Section 4002.7 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) PENSION BENEFIT GUARANTY CORPORATION GENERAL BYLAWS OF THE PENSION BENEFIT GUARANTY CORPORATION § 4002.7 Voting without a meeting. A resolution of the Board of...

  7. 7 CFR 900.304 - Who may vote.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... shall be entitled to only one vote and to cast one ballot in each referendum; and no person who may claim to be a producer shall be refused a ballot. Each producer casting more than one ballot with conflicting votes shall thereby invalidate all ballots cast by such producer in such referendum. Each...

  8. 7 CFR 900.304 - Who may vote.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... shall be entitled to only one vote and to cast one ballot in each referendum; and no person who may claim to be a producer shall be refused a ballot. Each producer casting more than one ballot with conflicting votes shall thereby invalidate all ballots cast by such producer in such referendum. Each...

  9. 7 CFR 900.304 - Who may vote.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... shall be entitled to only one vote and to cast one ballot in each referendum; and no person who may claim to be a producer shall be refused a ballot. Each producer casting more than one ballot with conflicting votes shall thereby invalidate all ballots cast by such producer in such referendum. Each...

  10. 25 CFR 217.6 - Method of casting votes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... the status quo. At the time they notify the superintendent of the votes cast on an issue, each joint... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Method of casting votes. 217.6 Section 217.6 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR ENERGY AND MINERALS MANAGEMENT OF TRIBAL ASSETS...

  11. 12 CFR 791.3 - Voting by proxy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... UNION ADMINISTRATION RULES OF NCUA BOARD PROCEDURE; PROMULGATION OF NCUA RULES AND REGULATIONS; PUBLIC OBSERVATION OF NCUA BOARD MEETINGS Rules of NCUA Board Procedure § 791.3 Voting by proxy. Proxy voting shall not be allowed for any action by the Board....

  12. 28 CFR 51.29 - Communications concerning voting changes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... General that disclosure of the identity of an individual who provided information regarding a change... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Communications concerning voting changes... Groups § 51.29 Communications concerning voting changes. Any individual or group may send to the...

  13. 7 CFR 900.302 - Associations eligible to vote.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Associations eligible to vote. 900.302 Section 900.302... to Agricultural Marketing Agreement Act of 1937, as Amended § 900.302 Associations eligible to vote. (a) Any association of producers, not previously determined to be a cooperative association may...

  14. 7 CFR 900.302 - Associations eligible to vote.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Associations eligible to vote. 900.302 Section 900.302... to Agricultural Marketing Agreement Act of 1937, as Amended § 900.302 Associations eligible to vote. (a) Any association of producers, not previously determined to be a cooperative association may...

  15. Empirical study on voting power in participatory forest planning.

    PubMed

    Vainikainen, N; Kangas, A; Kangas, J

    2008-07-01

    Multicriteria decision support systems are applied in natural resource management in order to clarify the planning process for the stakeholders, to make all available information usable and all objectives manageable. Especially when the public is involved in planning, the decision support system should be easy to comprehend, transparent and fair. Social choice theory has recently been applied to group decision-making in natural resources management to accomplish these objectives. Although voting forms the basis of democracy, and is usually taken as a fair method, the influence of voters over the outcome may vary. It is also possible to vote strategically to improve the results from each stakeholder's point of view. This study examines the use of social choice theory in revealing stakeholders' preferences in participatory forest planning, and the influence of different voters on the outcome. The positional voting rules examined were approval voting and Borda count, but both rules were slightly modified for the purposes of this study. The third rule examined, cumulative rule, resembles utilitarian voting rules. The voting rules were tested in a real participatory forest planning situation in eastern Lapland, Finland. All voting rules resulted in a different joint order of importance of the criteria. Yet, the preference orders produced had also a lot in common and the criteria could be divided into three quite distinct groups according to their importance. The influence of individual voters varied between the voting rules, and in each case different voter was the most influential.

  16. 28 CFR 51.29 - Communications concerning voting changes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Groups § 51.29 Communications concerning voting changes. Any individual or group may send to the Attorney... or group, describing the alleged change affecting voting and setting forth evidence regarding whether... the Department of Justice the identity of any individual or entity providing information on...

  17. Anonymous voting for multi-dimensional CV quantum system

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rong-Hua, Shi; Yi, Xiao; Jin-Jing, Shi; Ying, Guo; Moon-Ho, Lee

    2016-06-01

    We investigate the design of anonymous voting protocols, CV-based binary-valued ballot and CV-based multi-valued ballot with continuous variables (CV) in a multi-dimensional quantum cryptosystem to ensure the security of voting procedure and data privacy. The quantum entangled states are employed in the continuous variable quantum system to carry the voting information and assist information transmission, which takes the advantage of the GHZ-like states in terms of improving the utilization of quantum states by decreasing the number of required quantum states. It provides a potential approach to achieve the efficient quantum anonymous voting with high transmission security, especially in large-scale votes. Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 61272495, 61379153, and 61401519), the Research Fund for the Doctoral Program of Higher Education of China (Grant No. 20130162110012), and the MEST-NRF of Korea (Grant No. 2012-002521).

  18. Anonymous voting for multi-dimensional CV quantum system

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rong-Hua, Shi; Yi, Xiao; Jin-Jing, Shi; Ying, Guo; Moon-Ho, Lee

    2016-06-01

    We investigate the design of anonymous voting protocols, CV-based binary-valued ballot and CV-based multi-valued ballot with continuous variables (CV) in a multi-dimensional quantum cryptosystem to ensure the security of voting procedure and data privacy. The quantum entangled states are employed in the continuous variable quantum system to carry the voting information and assist information transmission, which takes the advantage of the GHZ-like states in terms of improving the utilization of quantum states by decreasing the number of required quantum states. It provides a potential approach to achieve the efficient quantum anonymous voting with high transmission security, especially in large-scale votes. Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 61272495, 61379153, and 61401519), the Research Fund for the Doctoral Program of Higher Education of China (Grant No. 20130162110012), and the MEST-NRF of Korea (Grant No. 2012-002521).

  19. Joining Young, Voting Young: The Effects of Youth Voluntary Associations on Early Adult Voting. CIRCLE Working Paper #73

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thomas, Reuben J.; McFarland, Daniel A.

    2010-01-01

    Adolescent voluntary associations are particularly well positioned in the life course to encourage voting as youth become full citizens. Extracurriculars socialize students into voting by habituating them to civic engagement and by connecting them to politically engaged cultures. We establish this argument by testing the effects of high school…

  20. 78 FR 74129 - Change in Bank Control Notices; Acquisitions of Shares of a Bank or Bank Holding Company

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-10

    ... Francisco, California 94105-1579: 1. John Jung Hun Chang, Wellwish Investment LLC, Ellis Eunrok Chang, all of Garden Grove, California, and Ellen Eunmi Chang, Bellevue, Washington; to retain voting shares...

  1. 78 FR 7430 - Change in Bank Control Notices; Acquisitions of Shares of a Bank or Bank Holding Company

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-01

    ... Jersey; the Chang Control Group, which includes Louis C. Chang and Su-Cheng C. Chang, both of Palos Verdes Estates, California; and Peter Ming Chang, Los Alamitos, California; to retain voting shares...

  2. 75 FR 70004 - Change in Bank Control Notices; Acquisitions of Shares of a Bank or Bank Holding Company

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-16

    ..., Illinois 60690-1414: 1. Fred Diefenbaugh, Huntington, Indiana; to retain control of the voting shares of Bippus State Corporation, and thereby indirectly retain control of Bippus State Bank, both of...

  3. 78 FR 27389 - Change in Bank Control Notices; Acquisitions of Shares of a Bank or Bank Holding Company

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-10

    ... and Trust Holding Company, and thereby indirectly retain voting shares of CoreFirst Bank & Trust, both... 64198-0001: 1. Jerry K. Anderson, acting as Plan Administrator of the Commerce Bank and Trust...

  4. 76 FR 5810 - Change in Bank Control Notices; Acquisitions of Shares of a Bank or Bank Holding Company

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-02

    ... Humble, Shelbyville, Texas (the ``Monroe Family Group''); Sammy Dean Dance and Connie Mettauer, both in Center, Texas (the Dance Family Group); to retain voting shares of Shelby Bancshares, Inc., and...

  5. 78 FR 15952 - Change in Bank Control Notices; Acquisitions of Shares of a Bank or Bank Holding Company

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-13

    ... Descendants Trust, all of Sycamore, Illinois, as a group acting in concert to retain voting shares of NI..., both in Sycamore, Illinois. Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, March 8, 2013....

  6. 75 FR 20848 - Change in Bank Control Notices; Acquisition of Shares of Bank or Bank Holding Companies

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-21

    ... voting shares of Bank of Anderson, National Association, Anderson, South Carolina, Seneca National Bank, Seneca, South Carolina, and The Peoples National Bank, Easley, South Carolina. B. Federal Reserve Bank...

  7. Voting for a personality: Do first impressions and self-evaluations affect voting decisions?

    PubMed Central

    Koppensteiner, Markus; Stephan, Pia

    2014-01-01

    Participants were asked to assess their own personality (i.e. Big Five scales), the personality of politicians shown in brief silent video clips, and the probability that they would vote for these politicians. Response surface analyses (RSA) revealed noteworthy effects of self-ratings and observer-ratings of openness, agreeableness, and emotional stability on voting probability. Furthermore, the participants perceived themselves as being more open, more agreeable, more emotionally stable, and more extraverted than the average politician. The study supports previous findings that first impressions affect decision making on important issues. Results also indicate that when only nonverbal information is available people prefer political candidates they perceive as having personality traits they value in themselves. PMID:25089064

  8. Voting for a personality: Do first impressions and self-evaluations affect voting decisions?

    PubMed

    Koppensteiner, Markus; Stephan, Pia

    2014-08-01

    Participants were asked to assess their own personality (i.e. Big Five scales), the personality of politicians shown in brief silent video clips, and the probability that they would vote for these politicians. Response surface analyses (RSA) revealed noteworthy effects of self-ratings and observer-ratings of openness, agreeableness, and emotional stability on voting probability. Furthermore, the participants perceived themselves as being more open, more agreeable, more emotionally stable, and more extraverted than the average politician. The study supports previous findings that first impressions affect decision making on important issues. Results also indicate that when only nonverbal information is available people prefer political candidates they perceive as having personality traits they value in themselves.

  9. Universality in voting behavior: an empirical analysis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chatterjee, Arnab; Mitrović, Marija; Fortunato, Santo

    2013-01-01

    Election data represent a precious source of information to study human behavior at a large scale. In proportional elections with open lists, the number of votes received by a candidate, rescaled by the average performance of all competitors in the same party list, has the same distribution regardless of the country and the year of the election. Here we provide the first thorough assessment of this claim. We analyzed election datasets of 15 countries with proportional systems. We confirm that a class of nations with similar election rules fulfill the universality claim. Discrepancies from this trend in other countries with open-lists elections are always associated with peculiar differences in the election rules, which matter more than differences between countries and historical periods. Our analysis shows that the role of parties in the electoral performance of candidates is crucial: alternative scalings not taking into account party affiliations lead to poor results.

  10. Universality in voting behavior: an empirical analysis.

    PubMed

    Chatterjee, Arnab; Mitrović, Marija; Fortunato, Santo

    2013-01-01

    Election data represent a precious source of information to study human behavior at a large scale. In proportional elections with open lists, the number of votes received by a candidate, rescaled by the average performance of all competitors in the same party list, has the same distribution regardless of the country and the year of the election. Here we provide the first thorough assessment of this claim. We analyzed election datasets of 15 countries with proportional systems. We confirm that a class of nations with similar election rules fulfill the universality claim. Discrepancies from this trend in other countries with open-lists elections are always associated with peculiar differences in the election rules, which matter more than differences between countries and historical periods. Our analysis shows that the role of parties in the electoral performance of candidates is crucial: alternative scalings not taking into account party affiliations lead to poor results.

  11. A Electronic Voting Scheme Achieved by Using Quantum Proxy Signature

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cao, Hai-Jing; Ding, Li-Yuan; Yu, Yao-Feng; Li, Peng-Fei

    2016-09-01

    In this paper, we propose a new electronic voting scheme using Bell entangled states as quantum channels. This scheme is based on quantum proxy signature. The voter Alice, vote management center Bob, teller Charlie and scrutineer Diana only perform single particle measurement to realize the electronic voting process. So the scheme reduces the technical difficulty and increases operation efficiency. It can be easily realized. We use quantum key distribution and one-time pad to guarantee its unconditional security. The scheme uses the physical characteristics of quantum mechanics to guarantee its anonymity, verifiability, unforgetability and undeniability.

  12. Vote Stuffing Control in IPTV-based Recommender Systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bhatt, Rajen

    Vote stuffing is a general problem in the functioning of the content rating-based recommender systems. Currently IPTV viewers browse various contents based on the program ratings. In this paper, we propose a fuzzy clustering-based approach to remove the effects of vote stuffing and consider only the genuine ratings for the programs over multiple genres. The approach requires only one authentic rating, which is generally available from recommendation system administrators or program broadcasters. The entire process is automated using fuzzy c-means clustering. Computational experiments performed over one real-world program rating database shows that the proposed approach is very efficient for controlling vote stuffing.

  13. 49 CFR 1013.1 - The independence of the trustee of a voting trust.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 8 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false The independence of the trustee of a voting trust... VOTING TRUSTS § 1013.1 The independence of the trustee of a voting trust. (a) In order to avoid an unlawful control violation, the independent voting trust should be established before a controlling...

  14. 49 CFR 1013.1 - The independence of the trustee of a voting trust.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false The independence of the trustee of a voting trust... VOTING TRUSTS § 1013.1 The independence of the trustee of a voting trust. (a) In order to avoid an unlawful control violation, the independent voting trust should be established before a controlling...

  15. 25 CFR 81.7 - Adoption, ratification, or revocation by majority vote.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2012-04-01 2011-04-01 true Adoption, ratification, or revocation by majority vote. 81... REORGANIZATION UNDER A FEDERAL STATUTE § 81.7 Adoption, ratification, or revocation by majority vote. Except as... voting are in favor of adoption, ratification, or revocation. The total vote cast, however, must be...

  16. Mr. Gerry Goes to Arizona: Electoral Geography and Voting Rights in Navajo Country.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Phelps, Glenn A.

    1991-01-01

    Examines the legal anomaly of American Indian voters on reservations, who vote in state and local elections while claiming immunity from jurisdiction or citizen responsibilities. Reviews Constitutional history relevant to Indian voting rights, and two Arizona cases of attempts to dilute Indian voting strength by gerrymandering voting districts.…

  17. 78 FR 66930 - Formations of, Acquisitions by, and Mergers of Bank Holding Companies

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-07

    ..., Nebraska; to acquire 100 percent of the voting shares of Stamford Banco, Inc., Stamford, Nebraska, and... application, Applicant also has applied to acquire 100 percent of the voting shares of Stamford Banco,...

  18. 76 FR 50480 - Formations of, Acquisitions by, and Mergers of Bank Holding Companies

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-15

    ... acquire 100 percent of the voting shares of Bank of Granite Corporation, and thereby indirectly acquire voting shares of Bank of Granite, both in Granite Falls, North Carolina. Board of Governors of...

  19. Remembering and Voting: Theory and Evidence from Amnesic Patients

    PubMed Central

    Coronel, Jason C.; Duff, Melissa C.; Warren, David E.; Federmeier, Kara D.; Gonsalves, Brian D.; Tranel, Daniel; Cohen, Neal J.

    2013-01-01

    One of the most prominent claims to emerge from the field of public opinion is that citizens can vote for candidates whose issue positions best reflect their own beliefs even when they cannot remember previously learned stances associated with the candidates. The current experiment provides a unique and powerful examination of this claim by determining whether individuals with profound amnesia, whose severe memory impairments prevent them from remembering specific issue information associated with any particular candidate, can vote for candidates whose issue positions come closest to their own political views. We report here that amnesic patients, despite not being able to remember any issue information, consistently voted for candidates with favored political positions. Thus, sound voting decisions do not require recall or recognition of previously learned associations between candidates and their issue positions. This result supports a multiple memory systems model of political decision making. PMID:24511170

  20. A Voting Protocol Based on the Controlled Quantum Operation Teleportation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tian, Juan-Hong; Zhang, Jian-Zhong; Li, Yan-Ping

    2016-05-01

    Based on the controlled quantum operation teleportation, a secure voting protocol is proposed in this paper. Genuine four-qubit entangled state functions as the quantum channel. The eligible voter's quantum operation which represents his vote information can be transmitted to the tallyman Bob with the help of the scrutineer Charlie. Voter's quantum identity authentication provides the anonymity of voters'ID, which is ensured by a zero-knowledge proof of the notary organization CA. Charlie's supervision in the whole voting process can make the protocol satisfy verifiability and non-reusability so as to avoid Bob's dishonest behaviour. The security analysis shows that the voting protocol satisfies unforgeability, and has great advantages over some relevant researches. Additionally, the quantum operation can be transmitted successfully with the probability 1, which can make the protocol reliable and practical.

  1. Statistical analysis of Nomao customer votes for spots of France

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pálovics, Róbert; Daróczy, Bálint; Benczúr, András; Pap, Julia; Ermann, Leonardo; Phan, Samuel; Chepelianskii, Alexei D.; Shepelyansky, Dima L.

    2015-08-01

    We investigate the statistical properties of votes of customers for spots of France collected by the startup company Nomao. The frequencies of votes per spot and per customer are characterized by a power law distribution which remains stable on a time scale of a decade when the number of votes is varied by almost two orders of magnitude. Using the computer science methods we explore the spectrum and the eigenvalues of a matrix containing user ratings to geolocalized items. Eigenvalues nicely map to large towns and regions but show certain level of instability as we modify the interpretation of the underlying matrix. We evaluate imputation strategies that provide improved prediction performance by reaching geographically smooth eigenvectors. We point on possible links between distribution of votes and the phenomenon of self-organized criticality.

  2. 39 CFR 6.6 - Quorum and voting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Quorum and voting. 6.6 Section 6.6 Postal Service UNITED STATES POSTAL SERVICE THE BOARD OF GOVERNORS OF THE U.S. POSTAL SERVICE MEETINGS (ARTICLE VI) § 6.6 Quorum and voting. As provided by 39 U.S.C. 205(c), the Board acts by resolution upon a...

  3. 39 CFR 6.6 - Quorum and voting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Quorum and voting. 6.6 Section 6.6 Postal Service UNITED STATES POSTAL SERVICE THE BOARD OF GOVERNORS OF THE U.S. POSTAL SERVICE MEETINGS (ARTICLE VI) § 6.6 Quorum and voting. As provided by 39 U.S.C. 205(c), the Board acts by resolution upon a...

  4. Probabilistic Polling And Voting In The 2008 Presidential Election

    PubMed Central

    Delavande, Adeline; Manski, Charles F.

    2010-01-01

    This article reports new empirical evidence on probabilistic polling, which asks persons to state in percent-chance terms the likelihood that they will vote and for whom. Before the 2008 presidential election, seven waves of probabilistic questions were administered biweekly to participants in the American Life Panel (ALP). Actual voting behavior was reported after the election. We find that responses to the verbal and probabilistic questions are well-aligned ordinally. Moreover, the probabilistic responses predict voting behavior beyond what is possible using verbal responses alone. The probabilistic responses have more predictive power in early August, and the verbal responses have more power in late October. However, throughout the sample period, one can predict voting behavior better using both types of responses than either one alone. Studying the longitudinal pattern of responses, we segment respondents into those who are consistently pro-Obama, consistently anti-Obama, and undecided/vacillators. Membership in the consistently pro- or anti-Obama group is an almost perfect predictor of actual voting behavior, while the undecided/vacillators group has more nuanced voting behavior. We find that treating the ALP as a panel improves predictive power: current and previous polling responses together provide more predictive power than do current responses alone. PMID:24683275

  5. Sharing code.

    PubMed

    Kubilius, Jonas

    2014-01-01

    Sharing code is becoming increasingly important in the wake of Open Science. In this review I describe and compare two popular code-sharing utilities, GitHub and Open Science Framework (OSF). GitHub is a mature, industry-standard tool but lacks focus towards researchers. In comparison, OSF offers a one-stop solution for researchers but a lot of functionality is still under development. I conclude by listing alternative lesser-known tools for code and materials sharing.

  6. Creating discussions with classroom voting in linear algebra

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cline, Kelly; Zullo, Holly; Duncan, Jonathan; Stewart, Ann; Snipes, Marie

    2013-12-01

    We present a study of classroom voting in linear algebra, in which the instructors posed multiple-choice questions to the class and then allowed a few minutes for consideration and small-group discussion. After each student in the class voted on the correct answer using a classroom response system, a set of clickers, the instructor then guided a class-wide discussion of the results. We recorded the percentage of students voting for each option on each question used in 18 sections of linear algebra, taught by 10 instructors, at 8 institutions, over the course of 5 years, together recording the results of 781 votes on a collection of 311 questions. To find the questions most likely to provoke significant discussions, we identify the six questions for which votes were most broadly distributed. Here we present these questions, we discuss how we used them to advance student learning, and we discuss the common features of these questions, to identify why they were so good at stimulating discussions.

  7. Socioeconomic inequality in voting participation and self-rated health.

    PubMed Central

    Blakely, T A; Kennedy, B P; Kawachi, I

    2001-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: This study tested the hypothesis that disparities in political participation across socioeconomic status affect health. Specifically, the association of voting inequality at the state level with individual self-rated health was examined. METHODS: A multilevel study of 279,066 respondents to the Current Population Survey (CPS) was conducted. State-level inequality in voting turnout by socioeconomic status (family income and educational attainment) was derived from November CPS data for 1990, 1992, 1994, and 1996. RESULTS: Individuals living in the states with the highest voting inequality had an odds ratio of fair/poor self-rated health of 1.43 (95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.22, 1.68) compared with individuals living in the states with the lowest voting inequality. This odds ratio decreased to 1.34 (95% CI = 1.14, 1.56) when state income inequality was added and to 1.27 (95% CI = 1.10, 1.45) when state median income was included. The deleterious effect of low individual household income on self-rated health was most pronounced among states with the greatest voting and income inequality. CONCLUSIONS: Socioeconomic inequality in political participation (as measured by voter turnout) is associated with poor self-rated health, independently of both income inequality and state median household income. PMID:11189832

  8. Object detection using voting spaces trained by few samples

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Xu, Pei; Ye, Mao; Li, Xue; Pei, Lishen; Jiao, Pengwei

    2013-09-01

    A method to detect generic objects by training with a few image samples is proposed. A new feature, namely locally adaptive steering (LAS), is proposed to represent local principal gradient orientation information. A voting space is then constructed in terms of cells that represent query image coordinates and ranges of feature values at corresponding pixel positions. Cell sizes are trained in voting spaces to estimate the tolerance of object appearance at each pixel location. After that, two detection steps are adopted to locate instances of object class in a given target image. At the first step, patches of objects are recognized by densely voting in voting spaces. Then, the refined hypotheses step is carried out to accurately locate multiple instances of object class. The new approach is training the voting spaces based on a few samples of the object. Our approach is more efficient than traditional template matching approaches. Compared with the state-of-the-art approaches, our experiments confirm that the proposed method has a better performance in both efficiency and effectiveness.

  9. Tunable Tensor Voting Improves Grouping of Membrane-Bound Macromolecules

    SciTech Connect

    Loss, Leandro A.; Bebis, George; Parvin, Bahram

    2009-04-15

    Membrane-bound macromolecules are responsible for structural support and mediation of cell-cell adhesion in tissues. Quantitative analysis of these macromolecules provides morphological indices for damage or loss of tissue, for example as a result of exogenous stimuli. From an optical point of view, a membrane signal may have nonuniform intensity around the cell boundary, be punctate or diffused, and may even be perceptual at certain locations along the boundary. In this paper, a method for the detection and grouping of punctate, diffuse curvilinear signals is proposed. Our work builds upon the tensor voting and the iterative voting frameworks to propose an efficient method to detect and refine perceptually interesting curvilinear structures in images. The novelty of our method lies on the idea of iteratively tuning the tensor voting fields, which allows the concentration of the votes only over areas of interest. We validate the utility of our system with synthetic and annotated real data. The effectiveness of the tunable tensor voting is demonstrated on complex phenotypic signals that are representative of membrane-bound macromolecular structures.

  10. 7 CFR 1245.102 - Voting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE U.S. HONEY PRODUCER RESEARCH... arrangement involving totally independent entities cooperating only to produce U.S. honey or honey products... referendum covering only that producer's share of the ownership of U.S. honey or honey products. (b)...

  11. Shared Intentionality

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tomasello, Michael; Carpenter, Malinda

    2007-01-01

    We argue for the importance of processes of shared intentionality in children's early cognitive development. We look briefly at four important social-cognitive skills and how they are transformed by shared intentionality. In each case, we look first at a kind of individualistic version of the skill--as exemplified most clearly in the behavior of…

  12. Opinion Dynamics and Decision of Vote in Bipolar Political Systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Caruso, Filippo; Castorina, Paolo

    A model of the opinion dynamics underlying the political decision is proposed. The analysis is restricted to a bipolar scheme with a possible third political area. The interaction among voters is local but the final decision strongly depends on global effects such as the rating of the governments. As in the realistic case, the individual decision making process is determined by the most relevant personal interests and problems. The phenomenological analysis of the national vote in Italy and Germany has been carried out and a prediction of the next Italian vote as a function of the government rating is presented.

  13. Masked Ballot Voting for Receipt-Free Online Elections

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wen, Roland; Buckland, Richard

    To prevent bribery and coercion attacks on voters, current online election schemes rely on strong physical assumptions during the election. We introduce Masked Ballot, an online voting scheme that mitigates these attacks while using a more practical assumption: untappable channels are available but only before the election. During the election voters cast ballots over completely public channels without relying on untappable channels, anonymous channels or trusted devices. Masked Ballot performs only the voting part of an election and is designed to integrate with counting schemes that compute the final election result.

  14. Voting of hospitalized and ambulatory patients with mental disorders in parliamentary elections.

    PubMed

    Melamed, Yuval; Donsky, Liora; Oyffe, Igor; Noam, Sigalit; Levy, Galit; Gelkopf, Marc

    2013-01-01

    The authors examined the voting rate among psychiatric inpatients and the voting rate of outpatients, in relation to the severity of their illness. On election day the number of inpatients that voted was recorded in one psychiatric hospital in Israel. For two weeks following the elections outpatients were asked if they voted: 100/271 (36.9%) inpatients and 131/181(72.4%) ambulatory patients voted; 53.8% of the inpatients and 4.7% of the ambulatory patients could not vote because they had no identity cards. Ambulatory patients with no prior hospitalizations had the highest voting rates. The most common reason for not voting among inpatients in Israel is lack of identity cards.

  15. Shared Attention.

    PubMed

    Shteynberg, Garriy

    2015-09-01

    Shared attention is extremely common. In stadiums, public squares, and private living rooms, people attend to the world with others. Humans do so across all sensory modalities-sharing the sights, sounds, tastes, smells, and textures of everyday life with one another. The potential for attending with others has grown considerably with the emergence of mass media technologies, which allow for the sharing of attention in the absence of physical co-presence. In the last several years, studies have begun to outline the conditions under which attending together is consequential for human memory, motivation, judgment, emotion, and behavior. Here, I advance a psychological theory of shared attention, defining its properties as a mental state and outlining its cognitive, affective, and behavioral consequences. I review empirical findings that are uniquely predicted by shared-attention theory and discuss the possibility of integrating shared-attention, social-facilitation, and social-loafing perspectives. Finally, I reflect on what shared-attention theory implies for living in the digital world. PMID:26385997

  16. Acquired color vision deficiency.

    PubMed

    Simunovic, Matthew P

    2016-01-01

    Acquired color vision deficiency occurs as the result of ocular, neurologic, or systemic disease. A wide array of conditions may affect color vision, ranging from diseases of the ocular media through to pathology of the visual cortex. Traditionally, acquired color vision deficiency is considered a separate entity from congenital color vision deficiency, although emerging clinical and molecular genetic data would suggest a degree of overlap. We review the pathophysiology of acquired color vision deficiency, the data on its prevalence, theories for the preponderance of acquired S-mechanism (or tritan) deficiency, and discuss tests of color vision. We also briefly review the types of color vision deficiencies encountered in ocular disease, with an emphasis placed on larger or more detailed clinical investigations.

  17. Hospital-acquired pneumonia

    MedlinePlus

    ... tends to be more serious than other lung infections because: People in the hospital are often very sick and cannot fight off ... prevent pneumonia. Most hospitals have programs to prevent hospital-acquired infections.

  18. Acquired Cerebral Trauma: Epilogue.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bigler, Erin D., Ed.

    1988-01-01

    The article summarizes a series of articles concerning acquired cerebral trauma. Reviewed are technological advances, treatment, assessment, potential innovative therapies, long-term outcome, family impact of chronic brain injury, and prevention. (DB)

  19. Perspectives: Should Mandatory Voting Laws Be Implemented in the United States?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ornstein, Norman; Stoilov, Vassia

    2011-01-01

    Many countries around the world have compulsory voting laws. In the United States, where voter turnout tends to be lower than in other developed democracies, experts wonder whether voting laws would have a positive impact. In two distinct essays, voting and elections experts Norman Ornstein and Vassia Stoilov debate the implementation of…

  20. 12 CFR 563b.440 - What voting rights must I provide to stockholders after the conversion?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false What voting rights must I provide to... Conversion § 563b.440 What voting rights must I provide to stockholders after the conversion? You must provide your stockholders with exclusive voting rights, except as provided in § 563b.445(c)....

  1. 21 CFR 14.82 - Nominations of voting members of standing advisory committees.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Nominations of voting members of standing advisory... Nominations of voting members of standing advisory committees. (a) The Commissioner will publish one or more notices in the Federal Register each year requesting nominations for voting members of all...

  2. 31 CFR 500.516 - Voting and soliciting of proxies on securities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Voting and soliciting of proxies on... Licenses, Authorizations and Statements of Licensing Policy § 500.516 Voting and soliciting of proxies on securities. Notwithstanding § 500.202, the voting and the soliciting of proxies or other authorizations...

  3. 31 CFR 515.516 - Voting and soliciting of proxies on securities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Voting and soliciting of proxies on... Licenses, Authorizations, and Statements of Licensing Policy § 515.516 Voting and soliciting of proxies on securities. Notwithstanding § 515.202, the voting and the soliciting of proxies or other authorizations...

  4. 12 CFR 563b.440 - What voting rights must I provide to stockholders after the conversion?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false What voting rights must I provide to... Conversion § 563b.440 What voting rights must I provide to stockholders after the conversion? You must provide your stockholders with exclusive voting rights, except as provided in § 563b.445(c)....

  5. 31 CFR 515.516 - Voting and soliciting of proxies on securities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Voting and soliciting of proxies on... Licenses, Authorizations, and Statements of Licensing Policy § 515.516 Voting and soliciting of proxies on securities. Notwithstanding § 515.202, the voting and the soliciting of proxies or other authorizations...

  6. 28 CFR 51.19 - Request for notification concerning voting litigation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... voting litigation. 51.19 Section 51.19 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) PROCEDURES FOR THE ADMINISTRATION OF SECTION 5 OF THE VOTING RIGHTS ACT OF 1965, AS AMENDED General Provisions § 51.19 Request for notification concerning voting litigation. A jurisdiction subject to...

  7. Does Economic Education Make a Difference in Congress? How Economics Majors Vote on Trade

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Roark, J. Brian

    2012-01-01

    The author of this article expands the background theory of voting to incorporate the undergraduate majors of members of Congress. Examining nine votes on trade across the 109th and 110th Congresses reveals that economics majors are the only category of college major to vote in favor of free trade in a predictable way. Controls for a variety of…

  8. 7 CFR 1230.625 - Time and place of registration and voting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Time and place of registration and voting. 1230.625... § 1230.625 Time and place of registration and voting. (a) Producers. The referendum shall be held for 3... facsimile, or pick up an absentee ballot in-person. The absentee voting period shall be from August 18,...

  9. 7 CFR 1230.625 - Time and place of registration and voting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Time and place of registration and voting. 1230.625... § 1230.625 Time and place of registration and voting. (a) Producers. The referendum shall be held for 3... facsimile, or pick up an absentee ballot in-person. The absentee voting period shall be from August 18,...

  10. 7 CFR 1230.625 - Time and place of registration and voting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Time and place of registration and voting. 1230.625... § 1230.625 Time and place of registration and voting. (a) Producers. The referendum shall be held for 3... facsimile, or pick up an absentee ballot in-person. The absentee voting period shall be from August 18,...

  11. 25 CFR 81.7 - Adoption, ratification, or revocation by majority vote.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Adoption, ratification, or revocation by majority vote... TRIBAL REORGANIZATION UNDER A FEDERAL STATUTE § 81.7 Adoption, ratification, or revocation by majority... those actually voting are in favor of adoption, ratification, or revocation. The total vote...

  12. 25 CFR 81.7 - Adoption, ratification, or revocation by majority vote.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Adoption, ratification, or revocation by majority vote... TRIBAL REORGANIZATION UNDER A FEDERAL STATUTE § 81.7 Adoption, ratification, or revocation by majority... those actually voting are in favor of adoption, ratification, or revocation. The total vote...

  13. 25 CFR 81.7 - Adoption, ratification, or revocation by majority vote.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Adoption, ratification, or revocation by majority vote... TRIBAL REORGANIZATION UNDER A FEDERAL STATUTE § 81.7 Adoption, ratification, or revocation by majority... those actually voting are in favor of adoption, ratification, or revocation. The total vote...

  14. 25 CFR 81.7 - Adoption, ratification, or revocation by majority vote.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Adoption, ratification, or revocation by majority vote... TRIBAL REORGANIZATION UNDER A FEDERAL STATUTE § 81.7 Adoption, ratification, or revocation by majority... those actually voting are in favor of adoption, ratification, or revocation. The total vote...

  15. 29 CFR 1209.06 - Action necessary to close meetings; record of votes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... OBSERVATION OF NATIONAL MEDIATION BOARD MEETINGS § 1209.06 Action necessary to close meetings; record of votes... of the Board who will participate in the meeting vote to take such action. (a) When the meeting... meeting deliberations concerns matters specified in § 1209.05(b), the Board shall vote on whether to...

  16. [Acquired haemophilia (acquired factor VIII inhibitor)].

    PubMed

    Ceresetto, José M; Duboscq, Cristina; Fondevila, Carlos; Tezanos Pinto, Miguel

    2015-01-01

    Acquired haemophilia is a rare disorder. The clinical picture ranges from mild ecchymosis and anaemia to life threatening bleeding in up to 20% of patients. The disease is produced by an antibody against Factor VIII and it usually occurs in the elderly, with no previous history of a bleeding disorder. It can be associated to an underlying condition such as cancer, autoimmune disorders, drugs or pregnancy. It has a typical laboratory pattern with isolated prolonged activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) that fails to correct upon mixing tests with normal plasma and low levels of factor VIII. Treatment recommendations are based on controlling the acute bleeding episodes with either bypassing agent, recombinant activated factor VII or activated prothrombin complex concentrate, and eradication of the antibody with immunosuppressive therapy.

  17. Analyzing Student Confidence in Classroom Voting with Multiple Choice Questions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stewart, Ann; Storm, Christopher; VonEpps, Lahna

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to present results of a recent study in which students voted on multiple choice questions in mathematics courses of varying levels. Students used clickers to select the best answer among the choices given; in addition, they were also asked whether they were confident in their answer. In this paper we analyze data…

  18. 7 CFR 1280.627 - Canvassing voting ballots.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...) Canvassing of form LS-86 shall take place at the county FSA offices on the 6th business day following the... carry out the functions required in this section. (b) Form LS-86 should be canvassed as follows: (1) Number of valid ballots. A person has been declared eligible by FSA to vote by completing form LS-86...

  19. 12 CFR 1261.5 - Determination of member votes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Determination of member votes. 1261.5 Section 1261.5 Banks and Banking FEDERAL HOUSING FINANCE AGENCY FEDERAL HOME LOAN BANKS FEDERAL HOME LOAN BANK DIRECTORS Federal Home Loan Bank Boards of Directors: Eligibility and Elections § 1261.5 Determination...

  20. 31 CFR 800.206 - Convertible voting instrument.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Convertible voting instrument. 800.206 Section 800.206 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF INVESTMENT SECURITY, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY REGULATIONS PERTAINING TO MERGERS,...

  1. Voting for Public Alternatives: Some Notes on Majority Rule.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maskin, Eric

    1979-01-01

    Considers the assertion that majority rule is Pareto inefficient, shows that this inefficiency is related to the shape of individuals' utility functions, and shows that rank-order voting is likely to improve efficiency. Journal availability: see EA 511 898. (Author/IRT)

  2. 75 FR 71147 - Record of Vote of Meeting Closure

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-22

    ... States Parole Commission Record of Vote of Meeting Closure (Pub. L. 94-409) (5 U.S.C. Sec. 552b) I, Isaac Fulwood, of the United States Parole Commission, was present at a meeting of said Commission, which started at approximately 10:30 a.m., on Tuesday, November 9, 2010, at the U.S. Parole Commission,...

  3. 75 FR 79417 - Record of Vote of Meeting Closure

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-20

    ... States Parole Commission Record of Vote of Meeting Closure I, Isaac Fulwood, of the United States Parole..., December 7, 2010, at the U.S. Parole Commission, 5550 Friendship Boulevard, 4th Floor, Chevy Chase.... Dated: December 8, 2010. Isaac Fulwood, Chairman, U.S. Parole Commission. BILLING CODE 4410-01-M...

  4. 16 CFR 801.12 - Calculating percentage of voting securities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... INTERPRETATIONS UNDER THE HART-SCOTT-RODINO ANTITRUST IMPROVEMENTS ACT OF 1976 COVERAGE RULES § 801.12 Calculating..., Y has all 100 of the votes which may be cast by class B stock and can elect six of company X's ten... elect four of company X's ten directors. Applying the formula, Y calculates that it holds 500/1000 ×...

  5. 16 CFR 801.12 - Calculating percentage of voting securities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... INTERPRETATIONS UNDER THE HART-SCOTT-RODINO ANTITRUST IMPROVEMENTS ACT OF 1976 COVERAGE RULES § 801.12 Calculating..., Y has all 100 of the votes which may be cast by class B stock and can elect six of company X's ten... elect four of company X's ten directors. Applying the formula, Y calculates that it holds 500/1000 ×...

  6. 16 CFR 802.31 - Acquisitions of convertible voting securities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Acquisitions of convertible voting securities. 802.31 Section 802.31 Commercial Practices FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION RULES, REGULATIONS, STATEMENTS AND INTERPRETATIONS UNDER THE HART-SCOTT-RODINO ANTITRUST IMPROVEMENTS ACT OF 1976 EXEMPTION...

  7. 16 CFR 802.31 - Acquisitions of convertible voting securities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Acquisitions of convertible voting securities. 802.31 Section 802.31 Commercial Practices FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION RULES, REGULATIONS, STATEMENTS AND INTERPRETATIONS UNDER THE HART-SCOTT-RODINO ANTITRUST IMPROVEMENTS ACT OF 1976 EXEMPTION...

  8. 50 CFR 270.6 - Sector participants eligible to vote.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 11 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Sector participants eligible to vote. 270.6 Section 270.6 Wildlife and Fisheries NATIONAL MARINE FISHERIES SERVICE, NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE FISH AND SEAFOOD PROMOTION SPECIES-SPECIFIC...

  9. Comments on "Getting out the Vote with Evaluative Thinking"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Henry, Gary T.

    2015-01-01

    In this commentary, Gary Henry explains that the Danes have got it right, again. Not only is their voter turnout high to begin with, but they are evaluating ways to increase voter turnout with "random variation" to accurately assess the effects of the innovations. In the Danish 2009 municipal elections, 65.8% turned out to vote, which…

  10. Applying Trustworthy Computing to End-to-End Electronic Voting

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fink, Russell A.

    2010-01-01

    "End-to-End (E2E)" voting systems provide cryptographic proof that the voter's intention is captured, cast, and tallied correctly. While E2E systems guarantee integrity independent of software, most E2E systems rely on software to provide confidentiality, availability, authentication, and access control; thus, end-to-end integrity is not…

  11. 50 CFR 270.6 - Sector participants eligible to vote.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Sector participants eligible to vote. 270.6 Section 270.6 Wildlife and Fisheries NATIONAL MARINE FISHERIES SERVICE, NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE FISH AND SEAFOOD PROMOTION SPECIES-SPECIFIC...

  12. "All in Favour, Say Aye!" Voting in Pupils' Collaborative Talk

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Newman, Ruth

    2015-01-01

    This paper draws on the findings of an Economic and Social Research Council and British Telecom-funded project which explored the teaching of collaborative talk in the secondary English classroom. During the analysis of the video data collected, voting was observed as a strategy in pupils' collaborative decision-making. Converse to its democratic…

  13. Weekly Fluctuations in Risk Tolerance and Voting Behaviour

    PubMed Central

    Sanders, Jet G.; Jenkins, Rob

    2016-01-01

    Risk tolerance is fundamental to decision-making and behaviour. Here we show that individuals’ tolerance of risk follows a weekly cycle. We observed this cycle directly in a behavioural experiment using the Balloon Analogue Risk Task (Lejuez et al., 2002; Study 1). We also observed it indirectly via voting intentions, gathered from 81,564 responses across 70 opinion polls ahead of the Scottish Independence Referendum of 2014 (Study 2) and 149,064 responses across 77 opinion polls ahead of the United Kingdom European Union membership referendum of 2016 (Study 3). In all three studies, risk-tolerance decreased from Monday to Thursday before returning to a higher level on Friday. This pattern is politically significant because UK elections and referendums are traditionally held on a Thursday—the lowest point for risk tolerance. In particular, it raises the possibility that voting outcomes in the UK could be systematically risk-averse. In line with our analysis, the actual proportion of Yes votes in the Scottish Independence Referendum was 4% lower than forecast. Taken together, our findings reveal that the seven-day weekly cycle may have unexpected consequences for human decision-making. They also suggest that the day on which a vote is held could determine its outcome. PMID:27392020

  14. Weighted voting-based consensus clustering for chemical structure databases.

    PubMed

    Saeed, Faisal; Ahmed, Ali; Shamsir, Mohd Shahir; Salim, Naomie

    2014-06-01

    The cluster-based compound selection is used in the lead identification process of drug discovery and design. Many clustering methods have been used for chemical databases, but there is no clustering method that can obtain the best results under all circumstances. However, little attention has been focused on the use of combination methods for chemical structure clustering, which is known as consensus clustering. Recently, consensus clustering has been used in many areas including bioinformatics, machine learning and information theory. This process can improve the robustness, stability, consistency and novelty of clustering. For chemical databases, different consensus clustering methods have been used including the co-association matrix-based, graph-based, hypergraph-based and voting-based methods. In this paper, a weighted cumulative voting-based aggregation algorithm (W-CVAA) was developed. The MDL Drug Data Report (MDDR) benchmark chemical dataset was used in the experiments and represented by the AlogP and ECPF_4 descriptors. The results from the clustering methods were evaluated by the ability of the clustering to separate biologically active molecules in each cluster from inactive ones using different criteria, and the effectiveness of the consensus clustering was compared to that of Ward's method, which is the current standard clustering method in chemoinformatics. This study indicated that weighted voting-based consensus clustering can overcome the limitations of the existing voting-based methods and improve the effectiveness of combining multiple clusterings of chemical structures. PMID:24830925

  15. 7 CFR 1221.226 - Certification and voting procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SORGHUM... production or importation of sorghum during the representative period. The person must legibly place his or... of sorghum during the representative period; (ii) The person voting on behalf of a corporation...

  16. 7 CFR 1221.226 - Certification and voting procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SORGHUM... production or importation of sorghum during the representative period. The person must legibly place his or... of sorghum during the representative period; (ii) The person voting on behalf of a corporation...

  17. 7 CFR 1221.226 - Certification and voting procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SORGHUM... production or importation of sorghum during the representative period. The person must legibly place his or... of sorghum during the representative period; (ii) The person voting on behalf of a corporation...

  18. 7 CFR 1221.226 - Certification and voting procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SORGHUM... production or importation of sorghum during the representative period. The person must legibly place his or... of sorghum during the representative period; (ii) The person voting on behalf of a corporation...

  19. Brainstorming: weighted voting prediction of inhibitors for protein targets.

    PubMed

    Plewczynski, Dariusz

    2011-09-01

    The "Brainstorming" approach presented in this paper is a weighted voting method that can improve the quality of predictions generated by several machine learning (ML) methods. First, an ensemble of heterogeneous ML algorithms is trained on available experimental data, then all solutions are gathered and a consensus is built between them. The final prediction is performed using a voting procedure, whereby the vote of each method is weighted according to a quality coefficient calculated using multivariable linear regression (MLR). The MLR optimization procedure is very fast, therefore no additional computational cost is introduced by using this jury approach. Here, brainstorming is applied to selecting actives from large collections of compounds relating to five diverse biological targets of medicinal interest, namely HIV-reverse transcriptase, cyclooxygenase-2, dihydrofolate reductase, estrogen receptor, and thrombin. The MDL Drug Data Report (MDDR) database was used for selecting known inhibitors for these protein targets, and experimental data was then used to train a set of machine learning methods. The benchmark dataset (available at http://bio.icm.edu.pl/∼darman/chemoinfo/benchmark.tar.gz ) can be used for further testing of various clustering and machine learning methods when predicting the biological activity of compounds. Depending on the protein target, the overall recall value is raised by at least 20% in comparison to any single machine learning method (including ensemble methods like random forest) and unweighted simple majority voting procedures.

  20. Teaching Case: Analysis of an Electronic Voting System

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thompson, Nik; Toohey, Danny

    2014-01-01

    This teaching case discusses the analysis of an electronic voting system. The development of the case was motivated by research into information security and management, but as it includes procedural aspects, organizational structure and personnel, it is a suitable basis for all aspects of systems analysis, planning and design tasks. The material…

  1. The fluctuating female vote: politics, religion, and the ovulatory cycle.

    PubMed

    Durante, Kristina M; Rae, Ashley; Griskevicius, Vladas

    2013-06-01

    Each month, many women experience an ovulatory cycle that regulates fertility. Although research has found that this cycle influences women's mating preferences, we proposed that it might also change women's political and religious views. Building on theory suggesting that political and religious orientation are linked to reproductive goals, we tested how fertility influenced women's politics, religiosity, and voting in the 2012 U.S. presidential election. In two studies with large and diverse samples, ovulation had drastically different effects on single women and women in committed relationships. Ovulation led single women to become more liberal, less religious, and more likely to vote for Barack Obama. In contrast, ovulation led women in committed relationships to become more conservative, more religious, and more likely to vote for Mitt Romney. In addition, ovulation-induced changes in political orientation mediated women's voting behavior. Overall, the ovulatory cycle not only influences women's politics but also appears to do so differently for single women than for women in relationships. PMID:23613210

  2. Weekly Fluctuations in Risk Tolerance and Voting Behaviour.

    PubMed

    Sanders, Jet G; Jenkins, Rob

    2016-01-01

    Risk tolerance is fundamental to decision-making and behaviour. Here we show that individuals' tolerance of risk follows a weekly cycle. We observed this cycle directly in a behavioural experiment using the Balloon Analogue Risk Task (Lejuez et al., 2002; Study 1). We also observed it indirectly via voting intentions, gathered from 81,564 responses across 70 opinion polls ahead of the Scottish Independence Referendum of 2014 (Study 2) and 149,064 responses across 77 opinion polls ahead of the United Kingdom European Union membership referendum of 2016 (Study 3). In all three studies, risk-tolerance decreased from Monday to Thursday before returning to a higher level on Friday. This pattern is politically significant because UK elections and referendums are traditionally held on a Thursday-the lowest point for risk tolerance. In particular, it raises the possibility that voting outcomes in the UK could be systematically risk-averse. In line with our analysis, the actual proportion of Yes votes in the Scottish Independence Referendum was 4% lower than forecast. Taken together, our findings reveal that the seven-day weekly cycle may have unexpected consequences for human decision-making. They also suggest that the day on which a vote is held could determine its outcome.

  3. 7 CFR 1280.627 - Canvassing voting ballots.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LAMB PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND... shows the person who cast the ballot during the voting period was engaged in the production, feeding, or slaughtering of lambs during the representative period. Such ballot will be considered a valid ballot....

  4. 7 CFR 1280.627 - Canvassing voting ballots.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LAMB PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND... shows the person who cast the ballot during the voting period was engaged in the production, feeding, or slaughtering of lambs during the representative period. Such ballot will be considered a valid ballot....

  5. 7 CFR 1280.627 - Canvassing voting ballots.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LAMB PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND... shows the person who cast the ballot during the voting period was engaged in the production, feeding, or slaughtering of lambs during the representative period. Such ballot will be considered a valid ballot....

  6. 7 CFR 1280.627 - Canvassing voting ballots.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LAMB PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND... shows the person who cast the ballot during the voting period was engaged in the production, feeding, or slaughtering of lambs during the representative period. Such ballot will be considered a valid ballot....

  7. 7 CFR 900.304 - Who may vote.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... as provided in section 8c(5)(B) of the act, as amended, any cooperative association eligible under..., stockholders in, or under contract with, such cooperative association. A cooperative association shall submit... cooperative association entitled to vote in a referendum casting more than one ballot with conflicting...

  8. The Voting Rights Act--An Historical Perspective

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rustin, Bayard; And Others

    1975-01-01

    This address to the morning session of the Southern Policy Conference on the Voting Rights Act of 1965 puts the Act in an historical perspective in which its importance is clearly perceived; also includes is a discussion of the address by Nicholas Katzenbach, Vernon Jordan, James P. Turner, and George H. Esser, persons who either were involved in…

  9. Weekly Fluctuations in Risk Tolerance and Voting Behaviour.

    PubMed

    Sanders, Jet G; Jenkins, Rob

    2016-01-01

    Risk tolerance is fundamental to decision-making and behaviour. Here we show that individuals' tolerance of risk follows a weekly cycle. We observed this cycle directly in a behavioural experiment using the Balloon Analogue Risk Task (Lejuez et al., 2002; Study 1). We also observed it indirectly via voting intentions, gathered from 81,564 responses across 70 opinion polls ahead of the Scottish Independence Referendum of 2014 (Study 2) and 149,064 responses across 77 opinion polls ahead of the United Kingdom European Union membership referendum of 2016 (Study 3). In all three studies, risk-tolerance decreased from Monday to Thursday before returning to a higher level on Friday. This pattern is politically significant because UK elections and referendums are traditionally held on a Thursday-the lowest point for risk tolerance. In particular, it raises the possibility that voting outcomes in the UK could be systematically risk-averse. In line with our analysis, the actual proportion of Yes votes in the Scottish Independence Referendum was 4% lower than forecast. Taken together, our findings reveal that the seven-day weekly cycle may have unexpected consequences for human decision-making. They also suggest that the day on which a vote is held could determine its outcome. PMID:27392020

  10. 78 FR 36781 - Change in Bank Control Notices; Acquisitions of Shares of a Bank or Bank Holding Company

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-19

    ... Control Group through the acquisition of voting shares of Ixonia Bancshares, Inc. and the thereby... Change in Bank Control Notices; Acquisitions of Shares of a Bank or Bank Holding Company The notificants listed below have applied under the Change in Bank Control Act (12 U.S.C. 1817(j)) and Sec. 225.41 of...

  11. Acquired hypofibrinogenemia: current perspectives

    PubMed Central

    Besser, Martin W; MacDonald, Stephen G

    2016-01-01

    Acquired hypofibrinogenemia is most frequently caused by hemodilution and consumption of clotting factors. The aggressive replacement of fibrinogen has become one of the core principles of modern management of massive hemorrhage. The best method for determining the patient’s fibrinogen level remains controversial, and particularly in acquired dysfibrinogenemia, could have major therapeutic implications depending on which quantification method is chosen. This review introduces the available laboratory and point-of-care methods and discusses the relative advantages and limitations. It also discusses current strategies for the correction of hypofibrinogenemia. PMID:27713652

  12. "My Voice Counts, Too": Voting Participation Among Individuals With Intellectual Disability.

    PubMed

    Agran, Martin; MacLean, William E; Kitchen, Katherine Anne Arden

    2016-08-01

    Despite a strong societal commitment to ensuring that individuals with intellectual disability (ID) fully participate in their communities, few people with ID vote. Little is known about voting experiences from the perspective of people with ID. In-person, semistructured interviews were conducted with 28 adults with ID (Mage = 37 years) to obtain their input on voting. Constant comparison and content analysis methods were used to characterize themes. Results indicated that people with ID are interested in voting and desire to be included in the voting process yet receive little education on political issues or on how to make voting-related decisions. Support from family or service providers and self-advocacy facilitated their ability to vote. Implications of these findings and recommendations for future research are discussed. PMID:27494127

  13. 76 FR 60837 - Formations of, Acquisitions by, and Mergers of Bank Holding Companies

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-30

    ... 100 percent of the voting shares of Red Bud Bancorp, Inc., and thereby indirectly acquire voting shares of First State Bank of Red Bud, both in Red Bud, Illinois. B. Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas...

  14. Acquired Brain Injury Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schwartz, Stacey Hunter

    This paper reviews the Acquired Brain Injury (ABI) Program at Coastline Community College (California). The ABI Program is a two-year, for-credit educational curriculum designed to provide structured cognitive retraining for adults who have sustained an ABI due to traumatic (such as motor vehicle accident or fall) or non-traumatic(such as…

  15. 12 CFR 955.2 - Authorization to hold acquired member assets.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... agency; (iii) From another Bank; and (c) Credit risk-sharing requirement. The transactions through which the Bank acquires the assets either: (1) Meet the credit risk-sharing requirements of § 955.3 of...

  16. Polling places, pharmacies, and public health: Vote & Vax 2012.

    PubMed

    Shenson, Douglas; Moore, Ryan T; Benson, William; Anderson, Lynda A

    2015-06-01

    US national elections, which draw sizable numbers of older voters, take place during flu-shot season and represent an untapped opportunity for large-scale delivery of vaccinations. In 2012, Vote & Vax deployed a total of 1585 clinics in 48 states; Washington, DC; Guam; Puerto Rico; and the US Virgin Islands. Approximately 934 clinics were located in pharmacies, and 651 were near polling places. Polling place clinics delivered significantly more vaccines than did pharmacies (5710 vs 3669). The delivery of vaccines was estimated at 9379, and approximately 45% of the recipients identified their race/ethnicity as African American or Hispanic. More than half of the White Vote & Vax recipients and more than two thirds of the non-White recipients were not regular flu shot recipients. PMID:25879150

  17. Polling places, pharmacies, and public health: Vote & Vax 2012.

    PubMed

    Shenson, Douglas; Moore, Ryan T; Benson, William; Anderson, Lynda A

    2015-06-01

    US national elections, which draw sizable numbers of older voters, take place during flu-shot season and represent an untapped opportunity for large-scale delivery of vaccinations. In 2012, Vote & Vax deployed a total of 1585 clinics in 48 states; Washington, DC; Guam; Puerto Rico; and the US Virgin Islands. Approximately 934 clinics were located in pharmacies, and 651 were near polling places. Polling place clinics delivered significantly more vaccines than did pharmacies (5710 vs 3669). The delivery of vaccines was estimated at 9379, and approximately 45% of the recipients identified their race/ethnicity as African American or Hispanic. More than half of the White Vote & Vax recipients and more than two thirds of the non-White recipients were not regular flu shot recipients.

  18. Electronic Voting Protocol Using Identity-Based Cryptography

    PubMed Central

    Gallegos-Garcia, Gina; Tapia-Recillas, Horacio

    2015-01-01

    Electronic voting protocols proposed to date meet their properties based on Public Key Cryptography (PKC), which offers high flexibility through key agreement protocols and authentication mechanisms. However, when PKC is used, it is necessary to implement Certification Authority (CA) to provide certificates which bind public keys to entities and enable verification of such public key bindings. Consequently, the components of the protocol increase notably. An alternative is to use Identity-Based Encryption (IBE). With this kind of cryptography, it is possible to have all the benefits offered by PKC, without neither the need of certificates nor all the core components of a Public Key Infrastructure (PKI). Considering the aforementioned, in this paper we propose an electronic voting protocol, which meets the privacy and robustness properties by using bilinear maps. PMID:26090515

  19. Electronic Voting Protocol Using Identity-Based Cryptography.

    PubMed

    Gallegos-Garcia, Gina; Tapia-Recillas, Horacio

    2015-01-01

    Electronic voting protocols proposed to date meet their properties based on Public Key Cryptography (PKC), which offers high flexibility through key agreement protocols and authentication mechanisms. However, when PKC is used, it is necessary to implement Certification Authority (CA) to provide certificates which bind public keys to entities and enable verification of such public key bindings. Consequently, the components of the protocol increase notably. An alternative is to use Identity-Based Encryption (IBE). With this kind of cryptography, it is possible to have all the benefits offered by PKC, without neither the need of certificates nor all the core components of a Public Key Infrastructure (PKI). Considering the aforementioned, in this paper we propose an electronic voting protocol, which meets the privacy and robustness properties by using bilinear maps.

  20. Electronic Voting Protocol Using Identity-Based Cryptography.

    PubMed

    Gallegos-Garcia, Gina; Tapia-Recillas, Horacio

    2015-01-01

    Electronic voting protocols proposed to date meet their properties based on Public Key Cryptography (PKC), which offers high flexibility through key agreement protocols and authentication mechanisms. However, when PKC is used, it is necessary to implement Certification Authority (CA) to provide certificates which bind public keys to entities and enable verification of such public key bindings. Consequently, the components of the protocol increase notably. An alternative is to use Identity-Based Encryption (IBE). With this kind of cryptography, it is possible to have all the benefits offered by PKC, without neither the need of certificates nor all the core components of a Public Key Infrastructure (PKI). Considering the aforementioned, in this paper we propose an electronic voting protocol, which meets the privacy and robustness properties by using bilinear maps. PMID:26090515

  1. Polling Places, Pharmacies, and Public Health: Vote & Vax 2012

    PubMed Central

    Shenson, Douglas; Moore, Ryan T.; Benson, William; Anderson, Lynda A.

    2015-01-01

    US national elections, which draw sizable numbers of older voters, take place during flu-shot season and represent an untapped opportunity for large-scale delivery of vaccinations. In 2012, Vote & Vax deployed a total of 1585 clinics in 48 states; Washington, DC; Guam; Puerto Rico; and the US Virgin Islands. Approximately 934 clinics were located in pharmacies, and 651 were near polling places. Polling place clinics delivered significantly more vaccines than did pharmacies (5710 vs 3669). The delivery of vaccines was estimated at 9379, and approximately 45% of the recipients identified their race/ethnicity as African American or Hispanic. More than half of the White Vote & Vax recipients and more than two thirds of the non-White recipients were not regular flu shot recipients. PMID:25879150

  2. Community-acquired pneumonia.

    PubMed

    Prina, Elena; Ranzani, Otavio T; Torres, Antoni

    2015-09-12

    Community-acquired pneumonia causes great mortality and morbidity and high costs worldwide. Empirical selection of antibiotic treatment is the cornerstone of management of patients with pneumonia. To reduce the misuse of antibiotics, antibiotic resistance, and side-effects, an empirical, effective, and individualised antibiotic treatment is needed. Follow-up after the start of antibiotic treatment is also important, and management should include early shifts to oral antibiotics, stewardship according to the microbiological results, and short-duration antibiotic treatment that accounts for the clinical stability criteria. New approaches for fast clinical (lung ultrasound) and microbiological (molecular biology) diagnoses are promising. Community-acquired pneumonia is associated with early and late mortality and increased rates of cardiovascular events. Studies are needed that focus on the long-term management of pneumonia.

  3. Systemic Acquired Resistance

    PubMed Central

    2006-01-01

    Upon infection with necrotizing pathogens many plants develop an enhanced resistance to further pathogen attack also in the uninoculated organs. This type of enhanced resistance is referred to as systemic acquired resistance (SAR). In the SAR state, plants are primed (sensitized) to more quickly and more effectively activate defense responses the second time they encounter pathogen attack. Since SAR depends on the ability to access past experience, acquired disease resistance is a paradigm for the existence of a form of “plant memory”. Although the phenomenon has been known since the beginning of the 20th century, major progress in the understanding of SAR was made over the past sixteen years. This review covers the current knowledge of molecular, biochemical and physiological mechanisms that are associated with SAR. PMID:19521483

  4. Do Online Voting Patterns Reflect Evolved Features of Human Cognition? An Exploratory Empirical Investigation.

    PubMed

    Priestley, Maria; Mesoudi, Alex

    2015-01-01

    Online votes or ratings can assist internet users in evaluating the credibility and appeal of the information which they encounter. For example, aggregator websites such as Reddit allow users to up-vote submitted content to make it more prominent, and down-vote content to make it less prominent. Here we argue that decisions over what to up- or down-vote may be guided by evolved features of human cognition. We predict that internet users should be more likely to up-vote content that others have also up-voted (social influence), content that has been submitted by particularly liked or respected users (model-based bias), content that constitutes evolutionarily salient or relevant information (content bias), and content that follows group norms and, in particular, prosocial norms. 489 respondents from the online social voting community Reddit rated the extent to which they felt different traits influenced their voting. Statistical analyses confirmed that norm-following and prosociality, as well as various content biases such as emotional content and originality, were rated as important motivators of voting. Social influence had a smaller effect than expected, while attitudes towards the submitter had little effect. This exploratory empirical investigation suggests that online voting communities can provide an important test-bed for evolutionary theories of human social information use, and that evolved features of human cognition may guide online behaviour just as it guides behaviour in the offline world. PMID:26066657

  5. Do Online Voting Patterns Reflect Evolved Features of Human Cognition? An Exploratory Empirical Investigation

    PubMed Central

    Priestley, Maria; Mesoudi, Alex

    2015-01-01

    Online votes or ratings can assist internet users in evaluating the credibility and appeal of the information which they encounter. For example, aggregator websites such as Reddit allow users to up-vote submitted content to make it more prominent, and down-vote content to make it less prominent. Here we argue that decisions over what to up- or down-vote may be guided by evolved features of human cognition. We predict that internet users should be more likely to up-vote content that others have also up-voted (social influence), content that has been submitted by particularly liked or respected users (model-based bias), content that constitutes evolutionarily salient or relevant information (content bias), and content that follows group norms and, in particular, prosocial norms. 489 respondents from the online social voting community Reddit rated the extent to which they felt different traits influenced their voting. Statistical analyses confirmed that norm-following and prosociality, as well as various content biases such as emotional content and originality, were rated as important motivators of voting. Social influence had a smaller effect than expected, while attitudes towards the submitter had little effect. This exploratory empirical investigation suggests that online voting communities can provide an important test-bed for evolutionary theories of human social information use, and that evolved features of human cognition may guide online behaviour just as it guides behaviour in the offline world. PMID:26066657

  6. When votes depend on who's listening: Voters' intragroup status and voting procedure predict representative endorsement in intergroup contexts.

    PubMed

    Teixeira, Catia P; Demoulin, Stephanie; Yzerbyt, Vincent

    2015-12-01

    Three experiments investigated whether the selection of a representative in intergroup interdependence settings can reflect group members' strategic behaviour. We tested the impact of an individual's intragroup status (normative vs. pro-out-group deviant, Experiments 1-3) and of voting procedure (Experiments 2 and 3) on the choice of an in-group representative. Experiment 1 shows that normative members prefer normative representatives, whereas pro-out-group deviant members equally like normative and pro-out-group deviant representatives. Experiment 2 extends these results and shows that voting procedure (private vs. in-group audience) moderates this effect. Pro-out-group deviant members' preferences and behaviours appear more strategic and context-sensitive than normative ones. Specifically, pro-out-group deviants vote more for normative representatives than for pro-out-group deviants when facing an in-group audience, whereas the reverse pattern emerges in private. Experiment 3 shows that this moderation effect is specific to in-group audiences compared to out-group ones, reinforcing the idea that normative members 'stick to their guns'. Implications of these findings for leader endorsement and intergroup relations are discussed.

  7. Acquired methemoglobinemia revisited.

    PubMed

    Trapp, Larry; Will, John

    2010-10-01

    Dentistry has two medications in its pain management armamentarium that may cause the potentially life-threatening disorder methemoglobinemia. The first medications are the topical local anesthetics benzocaine and prilocaine. The second medication is the injectable local anesthetic prilocaine. Acquired methemoglobinemia remains a source of morbidity and mortality in dental and medical patients despite the fact that it is better understood now than it was even a decade ago. It is in the interest of all dental patients that their treating dentists review this disorder. The safety of dental patients mandates professional awareness.

  8. Reliability of voting in fault-tolerant software systems for small output spaces

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Mcallister, David F.; Sun, Chien-En; Vouk, Mladen A.

    1987-01-01

    Under a voting strategy in a fault-tolerant software system there is a difference between correctness and agreement. An independent N-version programming reliability model is proposed for treating small output spaces which distinguishes between correctness and agreement. System reliability is investigated using analytical relationships and simulation. A consensus majority voting strategy is proposed and its performance is analyzed and compared with other voting strategies. Consensus majority strategy automatically adapts the voting to different component reliability and output space cardinality characteristics. It is shown that absolute majority voting strategy provides a lower bound on the reliability provided by the consensus majority, and 2-of-n voting strategy an upper bound. If r is the cardinality of the output space it is proved the 1/r is a lower bound on the average reliability of fault-tolerant system components below which the system reliability begins to deteriorate as more versions are added.

  9. Do Implicit Attitudes Predict Actual Voting Behavior Particularly for Undecided Voters?

    PubMed Central

    Friese, Malte; Smith, Colin Tucker; Plischke, Thomas; Bluemke, Matthias; Nosek, Brian A.

    2012-01-01

    The prediction of voting behavior of undecided voters poses a challenge to psychologists and pollsters. Recently, researchers argued that implicit attitudes would predict voting behavior particularly for undecided voters whereas explicit attitudes would predict voting behavior particularly for decided voters. We tested this assumption in two studies in two countries with distinct political systems in the context of real political elections. Results revealed that (a) explicit attitudes predicted voting behavior better than implicit attitudes for both decided and undecided voters, and (b) implicit attitudes predicted voting behavior better for decided than undecided voters. We propose that greater elaboration of attitudes produces stronger convergence between implicit and explicit attitudes resulting in better predictive validity of both, and less incremental validity of implicit over explicit attitudes for the prediction of voting behavior. However, greater incremental predictive validity of implicit over explicit attitudes may be associated with less elaboration. PMID:22952898

  10. Bonobos Share with Strangers

    PubMed Central

    Tan, Jingzhi; Hare, Brian

    2013-01-01

    Humans are thought to possess a unique proclivity to share with others – including strangers. This puzzling phenomenon has led many to suggest that sharing with strangers originates from human-unique language, social norms, warfare and/or cooperative breeding. However, bonobos, our closest living relative, are highly tolerant and, in the wild, are capable of having affiliative interactions with strangers. In four experiments, we therefore examined whether bonobos will voluntarily donate food to strangers. We show that bonobos will forego their own food for the benefit of interacting with a stranger. Their prosociality is in part driven by unselfish motivation, because bonobos will even help strangers acquire out-of-reach food when no desirable social interaction is possible. However, this prosociality has its limitations because bonobos will not donate food in their possession when a social interaction is not possible. These results indicate that other-regarding preferences toward strangers are not uniquely human. Moreover, language, social norms, warfare and cooperative breeding are unnecessary for the evolution of xenophilic sharing. Instead, we propose that prosociality toward strangers initially evolves due to selection for social tolerance, allowing the expansion of individual social networks. Human social norms and language may subsequently extend this ape-like social preference to the most costly contexts. PMID:23300956

  11. Using Elicited Choice Probabilities in Hypothetical Elections to Study Decisions to Vote

    PubMed Central

    Delavande, Adeline; Manski, Charles F.

    2015-01-01

    This paper demonstrates the feasibility and usefulness of survey research asking respondents to report voting probabilities in hypothetical election scenarios. Posing scenarios enriches the data available for studies of voting decisions, as a researcher can pose many more and varied scenarios than the elections that persons actually face. Multiple scenarios were presented to over 4,000 participants in the American Life Panel (ALP). Each described a hypothetical presidential election, giving characteristics measuring candidate preference, closeness of the election, and the time cost of voting. Persons were asked the probability that they would vote in this election and were willing and able to respond. We analyzed the data through direct study of the variation of voting probabilities with election characteristics and through estimation of a random utility model of voting. Voting time and election closeness were notable determinants of decisions to vote, but not candidate preference. Most findings were corroborated through estimation of a model fit to ALP data on respondents' actual voting behavior in the 2012 election. PMID:25705068

  12. Community-acquired pneumonia.

    PubMed

    Polverino, E; Torres Marti, A

    2011-02-01

    Despite the remarkable advances in antibiotic therapies, diagnostic tools, prevention campaigns and intensive care, community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is still among the primary causes of death worldwide, and there have been no significant changes in mortality in the last decades. The clinical and economic burden of CAP makes it a major public health problem, particularly for children and the elderly. This issue provides a clinical overview of CAP, focusing on epidemiology, economic burden, diagnosis, risk stratification, treatment, clinical management, and prevention. Particular attention is given to some aspects related to the clinical management of CAP, such as the microbial etiology and the available tools to achieve it, the usefulness of new and old biomarkers, and antimicrobial and other non-antibiotic adjunctive therapies. Possible scenarios in which pneumonia does not respond to treatment are also analyzed to improve clinical outcomes of CAP. PMID:21242952

  13. Congressional voting behavior on firearm control legislation: 1993-2000.

    PubMed

    Price, James H; Dake, Joseph A; Thompson, Amy J

    2002-12-01

    Firearm morbidity and mortality place an enormous burden on the health care enterprise and society at large. Recent research has shown strong public support for strategies to regulate firearms yet effective federal legislation to control the types of firearms sold, conditions of sale and purchase, limitation in transportation and storage, and responsibility for use of personally owned firearms has been limited. Thus the purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between Congressional voting on firearm control legislation and the following: political affiliation, military service, geographic location of representation, education level, sex, and gun rights and gun control contributions. This was accomplished using a retrospective assessment of Congressional voting records from the 103rd-106th Congresses (1993-2000) regarding firearm control legislation. The study found that $6,270,553 was donated to members of Congress, $5,394,049 to members of the House and $876,504 to members of the Senate by groups concerned with firearm legislation. In the House, males (Odds Ratio [OR], 3.87), Republicans (OR, 13), those from the South (OR, 5), and those who received gun rights funds (OR, 13 to 203, depending on level of donations) were more likely to vote pro gun rights. In the Senate, support for gun rights occurred more often for those from the West (OR, 3.56), Republicans (OR, 130.50), or those who had received gun rights donations (OR, 28.00). This study has found a strong and consistent relationship between a Congressional member's position on firearm legislation and the amount of money received, political affiliation, and geographic location of representation. PMID:12458784

  14. Voting rights for alien residents--who wants it?

    PubMed

    Tung, K R

    1985-01-01

    Foreign nationals permanently domiciled in Sweden have been entitled since 1975 to vote and to municipal and county council elections. This article examines some of the major issues associated with international migration and disenfranchisement of migrants created by a contradiction between economic and political rationale. The alien population of Sweden remained small for a long time, but during the 1960s it rose 1st to 300,000 and later to 400,000 persons. Since 1970, aliens have constituted roughly 5% of the total national population of 8.3 million. Surveys following the 3 elections held in Sweden so far have shown immigrants to be quite well informed concerning election procedures and the parties. In contrast to single males, women with children tend to be highly stable, because of favorable social security for women, particularly for women with children. Participation elections among women (55%) is higher than among men (49%), and married women (58%) are usually the highest participants. Class-voting is still rather strong in Sweden; the percentage difference in preference for Socialist parties between working-class and middle-class was as high 55% in 1960. Long term trends in the distribution of party-preference among immigrants are determined to a large extent by the policy on immigration regulation and political asylum for refugees and exiles. Another selectivity is due to the differential remigration rate. A 1976 study showed that although local franchise of immigrants is now the law of the land, some Swedes are still against the granting of voting rights and electability to immigrants. On the whole, there is clearly a psychological environment conducive, at least in Stockholm, to the task of putting local franchise reform into real practice.

  15. 78 FR 33093 - Change in Bank Control Notices; Acquisitions of Shares of a Bank or Bank Holding Company

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-03

    ... E. Boren as trustee of the Lael E. Boren Trust with Patsy L. Smith, as trustee; to acquire voting... for Ann E. Freeman, both of Texhoma, Oklahoma, the John L. Freeman 2012 Trust, Guymon, Oklahoma, and... Bank of Chicago (Colette A. Fried, Assistant Vice President) 230 South LaSalle Street,...

  16. Sharing values, sharing a vision

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1993-12-31

    Teamwork, partnership and shared values emerged as recurring themes at the Third Technology Transfer/Communications Conference. The program drew about 100 participants who sat through a packed two days to find ways for their laboratories and facilities to better help American business and the economy. Co-hosts were the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory and the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, where most meetings took place. The conference followed traditions established at the First Technology Transfer/Communications Conference, conceived of and hosted by the Pacific Northwest Laboratory in May 1992 in Richmond, Washington, and the second conference, hosted by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory in January 1993 in Golden, Colorado. As at the other conferences, participants at the third session represented the fields of technology transfer, public affairs and communications. They came from Department of Energy headquarters and DOE offices, laboratories and production facilities. Continued in this report are keynote address; panel discussion; workshops; and presentations in technology transfer.

  17. Acquired aplastic anemia.

    PubMed

    Keohane, Elaine M

    2004-01-01

    Acquired aplastic anemia (AA) is a disorder characterized by a profound deficit of hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells, bone marrow hypocellularity, and peripheral blood pancytopenia. It primarily affects children, young adults, and those over 60 years of age. The majority of cases are idiopathic; however, idiosyncratic reactions to some drugs, chemicals, and viruses have been implicated in its etiology. An autoimmune T-cell reaction likely causes the stem cell depletion, but the precise mechanism, as well as the eliciting and target antigens, is unknown. Symptoms vary from severe life-threatening cytopenias to moderate or non-severe disease that does not require transfusion support. The peripheral blood typically exhibits pancytopenia, reticulocytopenia, and normocytic or macrocytic erythrocytes. The bone marrow is hypocellular and may exhibit dysplasia of the erythrocyte precursors. First line treatment for severe AA consists of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in young patients with HLA identical siblings, while immunosuppression therapy is used for older patients and for those of any age who lack a HLA matched donor. Patients with AA have an increased risk of developing paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH), myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS), or acute leukemia. Further elucidation of the pathophysiology of this disease will result in a better understanding of the interrelationship among AA, PNH, and MDS, and may lead to novel targeted therapies.

  18. Are People More Inclined to Vote at 16 than at 18? Evidence for the First-Time Voting Boost Among 16- to 25-Year-Olds in Austria

    PubMed Central

    Zeglovits, Eva; Aichholzer, Julian

    2014-01-01

    Abstract Potential consequences of lowering voting age to 16 have been discussed in recent scientific and public debates. This article examines turnout of young voters aged 16 to 17 in Austria, the first European country that lowered the general voting age to 16. For this purpose we use unique data taken from electoral lists of two recent Austrian regional elections. The results support the idea that the so-called “first-time voting boost” is even stronger among the youngest voters as turnout was (a) higher compared to 18- to 20-year-old first-time voters and (b) not substantially lower than the average turnout rate. We conclude that our findings are encouraging for the idea of lowering voting age as a means to establish higher turnout rates in the future. PMID:27226806

  19. A model of political voting behaviours across different countries

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rowden, Jessica; Lloyd, David J. B.; Gilbert, Nigel

    2014-11-01

    This paper analyses, models mathematically, and compares national voting behaviours across seven democratic countries that have a long term election history, focusing on re-election rates, leaders’ reputation with voters and the importance of friends’ and family influence. Based on the data, we build a Markov model to test and explore national voting behaviour, showing voters are only influenced by the most recent past election. The seven countries can be divided into those in which there is a high probability that leaders will be re-elected and those in which incumbents have relatively less success. A simple stochastic phenomenological dynamical model of electoral districts in which voters may be influenced by social neighbours, political parties and political leaders is then created to explore differences in voter behaviours in the countries. This model supports the thesis that an unsuccessful leader has a greater negative influence on individual voters than a successful leader, while also highlighting that increasing the influence on voters of social neighbours leads to a decrease in the average re-election rate of leaders, but raises the average amount of time the dominant party is in charge.

  20. 46 CFR 503.81 - Effect of vote to withhold information pertaining to meeting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 9 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Effect of vote to withhold information pertaining to... Information Pertaining to Commission Meetings § 503.81 Effect of vote to withhold information pertaining to... determined to be disclosed, the Secretary shall make available to the public a written copy of such...

  1. 22 CFR 1413.5 - Action necessary to close meeting; record of votes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... deliberations concern matters specified in § 1413.4(a), the Board members shall vote at the beginning of the... meeting deliberations concern matters specified in § 1413.4(b), the Board shall vote on whether to close... matters where such subsequent meetings are scheduled to be held within thirty (30) days after the...

  2. 22 CFR 1413.5 - Action necessary to close meeting; record of votes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... deliberations concern matters specified in § 1413.4(a), the Board members shall vote at the beginning of the... meeting deliberations concern matters specified in § 1413.4(b), the Board shall vote on whether to close... matters where such subsequent meetings are scheduled to be held within thirty (30) days after the...

  3. 29 CFR 1209.06 - Action necessary to close meetings; record of votes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... deliberations concern matters specified in § 1209.05(a), the Board members shall vote at the beginning of the... meeting deliberations concerns matters specified in § 1209.05(b), the Board shall vote on whether to close... series of meetings at which the deliberations will concern the same particular matters where...

  4. 5 CFR 2413.5 - Action necessary to close meeting; record of votes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... participate in the meeting vote to take such action. (a) When the meeting deliberations concern matters... deliberations concern matters specified in § 2413.4(b), the Authority shall vote on whether to close such... to a series of meetings at which the deliberations will concern the same particular matters...

  5. 29 CFR 1209.06 - Action necessary to close meetings; record of votes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... deliberations concern matters specified in § 1209.05(a), the Board members shall vote at the beginning of the... meeting deliberations concerns matters specified in § 1209.05(b), the Board shall vote on whether to close... series of meetings at which the deliberations will concern the same particular matters where...

  6. 5 CFR 2413.5 - Action necessary to close meeting; record of votes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... participate in the meeting vote to take such action. (a) When the meeting deliberations concern matters... deliberations concern matters specified in § 2413.4(b), the Authority shall vote on whether to close such... to a series of meetings at which the deliberations will concern the same particular matters...

  7. 17 CFR 270.30b1-4 - Report of proxy voting record.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Report of proxy voting record... (CONTINUED) RULES AND REGULATIONS, INVESTMENT COMPANY ACT OF 1940 § 270.30b1-4 Report of proxy voting record....129 of this chapter) not later than August 31 of each year, containing the registrant's proxy...

  8. 12 CFR 611.1240 - Voting record date and stockholder approval.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Voting record date and stockholder approval... Termination of System Institution Status § 611.1240 Voting record date and stockholder approval. (a... termination (or, if we take no action, at least 60 days after the end of our approval period). (b)...

  9. 47 CFR 1.57 - Circulation and voting of petitions for forbearance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Circulation and voting of petitions for forbearance. 1.57 Section 1.57 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION GENERAL PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE General Rules of Practice and Procedure Forbearance Proceedings § 1.57 Circulation and voting...

  10. 31 CFR 800.304 - Timing rule for convertible voting instruments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Timing rule for convertible voting..., ACQUISITIONS, AND TAKEOVERS BY FOREIGN PERSONS Coverage § 800.304 Timing rule for convertible voting instruments. (a) For purposes of determining whether to include the rights that a holder of convertible...

  11. 12 CFR 611.1240 - Voting record date and stockholder approval.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Voting record date and stockholder approval... Termination of System Institution Status § 611.1240 Voting record date and stockholder approval. (a... termination (or, if we take no action, at least 60 days after the end of our approval period). (b)...

  12. 17 CFR 270.30b1-4 - Report of proxy voting record.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Report of proxy voting record... (CONTINUED) RULES AND REGULATIONS, INVESTMENT COMPANY ACT OF 1940 § 270.30b1-4 Report of proxy voting record....129 of this chapter) not later than August 31 of each year, containing the registrant's proxy...

  13. 7 CFR 984.445 - Procedures for voting by mail or telegram.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Procedures for voting by mail or telegram. 984.445 Section 984.445 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL... WALNUTS GROWN IN CALIFORNIA Administrative Rules and Regulations § 984.445 Procedures for voting by...

  14. Voting and Community Volunteer Participation of 1988 Eighth Grade Social Studies Students 12 Years Later

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chapin, June R.

    2005-01-01

    Three voting behaviors and three types of volunteer participation were analyzed using longitudinal data from NELS:88/2000, a national sample of over 12,000 eighth graders in 1988 who were young adults in 2000. From 1994 to 2000 this cohort increased about 10% in both the three voting behaviors and the three volunteer participations. Wide…

  15. 12 CFR 7.2006 - Cumulative voting in election of directors.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Cumulative voting in election of directors. 7.2006 Section 7.2006 Banks and Banking COMPTROLLER OF THE CURRENCY, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY BANK ACTIVITIES AND OPERATIONS Corporate Practices § 7.2006 Cumulative voting in election of directors....

  16. 47 CFR 1.57 - Circulation and voting of petitions for forbearance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Circulation and voting of petitions for forbearance. 1.57 Section 1.57 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION GENERAL PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE General Rules of Practice and Procedure Forbearance Proceedings § 1.57 Circulation and voting...

  17. 12 CFR 7.2006 - Cumulative voting in election of directors.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Cumulative voting in election of directors. 7.2006 Section 7.2006 Banks and Banking COMPTROLLER OF THE CURRENCY, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY BANK ACTIVITIES AND OPERATIONS Corporate Practices § 7.2006 Cumulative voting in election of directors....

  18. "My Voice Counts, Too": Voting Participation among Individuals with Intellectual Disability

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Agran, Martin; MacLean, William E., Jr.; Arden Kitchen, Katherine Anne

    2016-01-01

    Despite a strong societal commitment to ensuring that individuals with intellectual disability (ID) fully participate in their communities, few people with ID vote. Little is known about voting experiences from the perspective of people with ID. In-person, semistructured interviews were conducted with 28 adults with ID (M[subscript age] = 37…

  19. 7 CFR 1230.629 - Registration and voting procedures for importers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    .... Brown, P.O. Box 44366, Washington, DC 20026-4366. Importers may pick up the voting materials in-person... a separate envelope marked “Pork Ballot” (Form LS-72-1) and place the sealed “Pork Ballot” envelope... Request List (Form LS-77) directly opposite the voting importer's name. The FSA employee will place...

  20. 7 CFR 1230.629 - Registration and voting procedures for importers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    .... Brown, P.O. Box 44366, Washington, DC 20026-4366. Importers may pick up the voting materials in-person... a separate envelope marked “Pork Ballot” (Form LS-72-1) and place the sealed “Pork Ballot” envelope... Request List (Form LS-77) directly opposite the voting importer's name. The FSA employee will place...

  1. 28 CFR 16.201 - Voting by the Commissioners without joint deliberation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Voting by the Commissioners without joint deliberation. 16.201 Section 16.201 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE PRODUCTION OR DISCLOSURE OF MATERIAL OR INFORMATION Public Observation of Parole Commission Meetings § 16.201 Voting by...

  2. 28 CFR 16.201 - Voting by the Commissioners without joint deliberation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Voting by the Commissioners without joint deliberation. 16.201 Section 16.201 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE PRODUCTION OR DISCLOSURE OF MATERIAL OR INFORMATION Public Observation of Parole Commission Meetings § 16.201 Voting by...

  3. 28 CFR 16.201 - Voting by the Commissioners without joint deliberation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Voting by the Commissioners without joint deliberation. 16.201 Section 16.201 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE PRODUCTION OR DISCLOSURE OF MATERIAL OR INFORMATION Public Observation of Parole Commission Meetings § 16.201 Voting by...

  4. 28 CFR 16.201 - Voting by the Commissioners without joint deliberation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Voting by the Commissioners without joint deliberation. 16.201 Section 16.201 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE PRODUCTION OR DISCLOSURE OF MATERIAL OR INFORMATION Public Observation of Parole Commission Meetings § 16.201 Voting by...

  5. 28 CFR 16.201 - Voting by the Commissioners without joint deliberation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Voting by the Commissioners without joint deliberation. 16.201 Section 16.201 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE PRODUCTION OR DISCLOSURE OF MATERIAL OR INFORMATION Public Observation of Parole Commission Meetings § 16.201 Voting by...

  6. 16 CFR 802.51 - Acquisitions of voting securities of a foreign issuer.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ..., STATEMENTS AND INTERPRETATIONS UNDER THE HART-SCOTT-RODINO ANTITRUST IMPROVEMENTS ACT OF 1976 EXEMPTION RULES § 802.51 Acquisitions of voting securities of a foreign issuer. (a) By U.S. persons. (1) The acquisition of voting securities of a foreign issuer by a U.S. person shall be exempt from the requirements...

  7. 16 CFR 802.51 - Acquisitions of voting securities of a foreign issuer.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ..., STATEMENTS AND INTERPRETATIONS UNDER THE HART-SCOTT-RODINO ANTITRUST IMPROVEMENTS ACT OF 1976 EXEMPTION RULES § 802.51 Acquisitions of voting securities of a foreign issuer. (a) By U.S. persons. (1) The acquisition of voting securities of a foreign issuer by a U.S. person shall be exempt from the requirements...

  8. Tech Talk for Social Studies Teachers: Teaching Students about the Voting Process

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fernan, Courtney; Green, Tim

    2004-01-01

    Voter apathy is at an all-time high in the United States. Important decisions and policies are being determined through disappointing turnouts at the voting polls. In a democratic society, this is unconscionable! Voter turnout needs to improve, but what part can teachers play, besides voting, in helping to change voter apathy? Today's students…

  9. Clickers and Classroom Voting in a Transition to Advanced Mathematics Course

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lockard, Shannon R.; Metcalf, Rebecca C.

    2015-01-01

    Clickers and classroom voting are used across a number of disciplines in a variety of institutions. There are several papers that describe the use of clickers in mathematics classrooms such as precalculus, calculus, statistics, and even differential equations. This paper describes a method of incorporating clickers and classroom voting in a…

  10. Not by Votes Alone...The Vital Imperative of Restoring the Civic Mission of Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McConnell, Ted

    2008-01-01

    With celebrities imploring young people to "Rock the Vote," and with youth poised to vote in record numbers this fall, it would be easy to assume that the society is entering a golden age of youth civic engagement. Youth turnout rose in almost every state this primary season, and news networks regularly run segments on the power of the…

  11. 7 CFR 1230.625 - Time and place of registration and voting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... PORK PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND CONSUMER INFORMATION Procedures for the Conduct of Referendum Referendum § 1230.625 Time and place of registration and voting. (a) Producers. The referendum shall be held for 3... provided producers for in-person and absentee voting in the referendum. The referendum shall be...

  12. 7 CFR 1230.628 - Registration and voting procedures for producers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... AGRICULTURE PORK PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND CONSUMER INFORMATION Procedures for the Conduct of Referendum Referendum § 1230.628 Registration and voting procedures for producers. (a) Registering and voting in-person... form/envelope marked “Pork Referendum” (Form LS-72-2), seal that envelope and personally place it in...

  13. 7 CFR 1230.625 - Time and place of registration and voting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... PORK PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND CONSUMER INFORMATION Procedures for the Conduct of Referendum Referendum § 1230.625 Time and place of registration and voting. (a) Producers. The referendum shall be held for 3... provided producers for in-person and absentee voting in the referendum. The referendum shall be...

  14. 7 CFR 1230.628 - Registration and voting procedures for producers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... AGRICULTURE PORK PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND CONSUMER INFORMATION Procedures for the Conduct of Referendum Referendum § 1230.628 Registration and voting procedures for producers. (a) Registering and voting in-person... form/envelope marked “Pork Referendum” (Form LS-72-2), seal that envelope and personally place it in...

  15. Assessing the U.S. Senate Vote on the Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) Standard

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Preston, Scott

    2006-01-01

    The dataset presented here illustrates to students the utility of logistic regression. Its analysis results in a fit that explains much of how senators vote on a particular bill, and allows for quantification of the effects of ideology and money on the vote. A number of interesting quantitative interpretations follow from a good fit. A successful…

  16. 76 FR 1559 - Guidelines for the Use of Electronic Voting Systems in Union Officer Elections

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-11

    .... Jun. 13, 2007). D. Legislation After the disputed U.S. Presidential election in 2000, many states and... by election officials. The system records votes by means of a ballot display provided with mechanical... otherwise, but in no event by proxy, of a choice with respect to any election or vote taken upon any...

  17. 28 CFR 51.19 - Request for notification concerning voting litigation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... promptly to notify the Chief, Voting Section, Civil Rights Division, Department of Justice, P.O. Box 66128... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Request for notification concerning voting litigation. 51.19 Section 51.19 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE...

  18. 21 CFR 14.82 - Nominations of voting members of standing advisory committees.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... Nominations of voting members of standing advisory committees. (a) The Commissioner will publish one or more... standing advisory committees. The notice will invite the submission of nominations for voting members from... one or more qualified persons to an advisory committee. Nominations will specify the...

  19. Voting Behavior among Low-Income Black Elderly: A Multielection Perspective.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bazargan, Mohsen; And Others

    1992-01-01

    Examined voting behavior among 370 low-income older African Americans by assessing impact of various predictors on electoral participation in 7 elections. Elders who were active in community, with strong sense of citizen duty, who identified as strong Democrats, and with higher levels of education were more likely to vote. (Author/NB)

  20. 76 FR 37314 - Estimates of the Voting Age Population for 2010

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-27

    ... Office of the Secretary Estimates of the Voting Age Population for 2010 AGENCY: Office of the Secretary, Commerce. ACTION: General Notice Announcing Population Estimates. SUMMARY: This notice announces the voting age population estimates as of July 1, 2010, for each state and the District of Columbia. We...

  1. 75 FR 4343 - Estimates of the Voting Age Population for 2009

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-27

    ... Office of the Secretary Estimates of the Voting Age Population for 2009 AGENCY: Office of the Secretary, Commerce. ACTION: General Notice Announcing Population Estimates. SUMMARY: This notice announces the voting age population estimates as of July 1, 2009, for each state and the District of Columbia. We...

  2. 78 FR 6289 - Estimates of the Voting Age Population for 2012

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-30

    ... Office of the Secretary Estimates of the Voting Age Population for 2012 AGENCY: Office of the Secretary, Commerce. ] ACTION: General notice announcing population estimates. SUMMARY: This notice announces the voting age population estimates as of July 1, 2012, for each state and the District of Columbia. We...

  3. 77 FR 4000 - Estimates of the Voting Age Population for 2011

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-26

    ... Office of the Secretary Estimates of the Voting Age Population for 2011 AGENCY: Office of the Secretary, Commerce. ACTION: General Notice Announcing Population Estimates. SUMMARY: This notice announces the voting age population estimates as of July 1, 2011, for each state and the District of Columbia. We...

  4. The Vote as a Measure of Participation in American Society. Teacher and Student Manuals.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    LaValley, Joseph F., Jr.

    The unit invites the student to consider a variety of viewpoints on what the vote means to Americans, challenging him ultimately to see it as a measure of his own political identity and of his association with or alienation from political society. After an introductory section which frames the question by looking at the role of the vote in Soviet…

  5. Public Choice and Private Interest: Explaining the Vote for Property Tax Classification in Massachusetts.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bloom, Howard S.

    1979-01-01

    Argues that citizens' perceptions of their monetary self-interest can markedly influence their votes and that such self-interested voting requires clear definition of the alternatives, widespread publicity about the issues, and a simple presentation of what each alternative implies. Available from NTA-TIA, 21 East State Street, Columbus, OH 43215.…

  6. 16 CFR 801.10 - Value of voting securities, non-corporate interests and assets to be acquired.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... RULES, REGULATIONS, STATEMENTS AND INTERPRETATIONS UNDER THE HART-SCOTT-RODINO ANTITRUST IMPROVEMENTS... association registered with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission— (i) And the acquisition price...

  7. 16 CFR 801.10 - Value of voting securities, non-corporate interests and assets to be acquired.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... RULES, REGULATIONS, STATEMENTS AND INTERPRETATIONS UNDER THE HART-SCOTT-RODINO ANTITRUST IMPROVEMENTS... association registered with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission— (i) And the acquisition price...

  8. ESTIMATING HETEROGENEOUS GRAPHICAL MODELS FOR DISCRETE DATA WITH AN APPLICATION TO ROLL CALL VOTING

    PubMed Central

    Guo, Jian; Cheng, Jie; Levina, Elizaveta; Michailidis, George; Zhu, Ji

    2016-01-01

    We consider the problem of jointly estimating a collection of graphical models for discrete data, corresponding to several categories that share some common structure. An example for such a setting is voting records of legislators on different issues, such as defense, energy, and healthcare. We develop a Markov graphical model to characterize the heterogeneous dependence structures arising from such data. The model is fitted via a joint estimation method that preserves the underlying common graph structure, but also allows for differences between the networks. The method employs a group penalty that targets the common zero interaction effects across all the networks. We apply the method to describe the internal networks of the U.S. Senate on several important issues. Our analysis reveals individual structure for each issue, distinct from the underlying well-known bipartisan structure common to all categories which we are able to extract separately. We also establish consistency of the proposed method both for parameter estimation and model selection, and evaluate its numerical performance on a number of simulated examples. PMID:27182289

  9. 17 CFR 274.129 - Form N-PX, annual report of proxy voting record of registered management investment company.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... proxy voting record of registered management investment company. 274.129 Section 274.129 Commodity and... COMPANY ACT OF 1940 Forms for Reports § 274.129 Form N-PX, annual report of proxy voting record of... company's proxy voting record for the most recent twelve-month period ended June 30, pursuant to...

  10. 28 CFR Appendix to Part 51 - Jurisdictions Covered Under Section 4(b) of the Voting Rights Act, as Amended

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...) of the Voting Rights Act, as Amended Appendix to Part 51 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) PROCEDURES FOR THE ADMINISTRATION OF SECTION 5 OF THE VOTING RIGHTS ACT OF 1965, AS AMENDED Pt. 51, App. Appendix to Part 51—Jurisdictions Covered Under Section 4(b) of the Voting Rights...

  11. 17 CFR 1.69 - Voting by interested members of self-regulatory organization governing boards and various...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Voting by interested members... EXCHANGE ACT Miscellaneous § 1.69 Voting by interested members of self-regulatory organization governing... abstain from such body's deliberations and voting on any matter involving a named party in interest...

  12. 17 CFR 274.129 - Form N-PX, annual report of proxy voting record of registered management investment company.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... proxy voting record of registered management investment company. 274.129 Section 274.129 Commodity and... COMPANY ACT OF 1940 Forms for Reports § 274.129 Form N-PX, annual report of proxy voting record of... company's proxy voting record for the most recent twelve-month period ended June 30, pursuant to...

  13. 75 FR 22577 - Proposed Rule of Agency Procedure No. 1: Procedures for Voting by Circulation Version 2.0

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-29

    ... COMMISSION Proposed Rule of Agency Procedure No. 1: Procedures for Voting by Circulation Version 2.0 AGENCY... of Agency Procedure No. 1: Procedures for Voting by Circulation Version 2.0. SUMMARY: The U.S...: Procedures for Voting by Circulation Version 2.0. EAC's current Proposed Rule of Agency Procedure No....

  14. "You Can't Vote--You're Mentally Incompetent": Denying Democracy to People with Severe Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Agran, Martin; Hughes, Carolyn

    2013-01-01

    Voting represents, arguably, the most important right and responsibility of a citizen in a democracy. Nevertheless, few adults are with an intellectual or developmental disability vote, and few are provided systematic instruction on voting or how to participate in the political process. Regrettably, 44 states have disenfranchisement provisions…

  15. 12 CFR 563b.465 - Do account holders retain any voting rights based on their liquidation sub-accounts?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Do account holders retain any voting rights... Account § 563b.465 Do account holders retain any voting rights based on their liquidation sub-accounts? Eligible account holders or supplemental eligible account holders do not retain any voting rights based...

  16. 12 CFR 563b.465 - Do account holders retain any voting rights based on their liquidation sub-accounts?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Do account holders retain any voting rights... Account § 563b.465 Do account holders retain any voting rights based on their liquidation sub-accounts? Eligible account holders or supplemental eligible account holders do not retain any voting rights based...

  17. 76 FR 38222 - Board of Governors; Sunshine Act Meeting; Board Votes to Close June 17, 2011, Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-29

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office POSTAL SERVICE Board of Governors; Sunshine Act Meeting; Board Votes to Close June 17, 2011, Meeting By telephone vote on June 17, 2011, all members contacted and voting, the Board of Governors of the United States Postal...

  18. 76 FR 38222 - Board of Governors; Sunshine Act Meeting; Board Votes To Close June 2, 2011, Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-29

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office POSTAL SERVICE Board of Governors; Sunshine Act Meeting; Board Votes To Close June 2, 2011, Meeting By telephone vote on June 2, 2011, all members contacted and voting, the Board of Governors of the United States Postal...

  19. 78 FR 23565 - Change in Bank Control Notices; Acquisitions of Shares of a Bank or Bank Holding Company

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-19

    ... thereby indirectly retain voting shares of The First National Bank of Park Falls, both in Park Falls... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM...)(7)). The notices are available for immediate inspection at the Federal Reserve Bank indicated....

  20. 12 CFR 225.137 - Acquisitions of shares pursuant to section 4(c)(6) of the Bank Holding Company Act.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... section 4 on ownership of stock in nonbank companies only for passive investments amounting to not more... own no more than 5 percent of the outstanding voting shares of the company. However, the investment of... each stockholder. Thus, each stockholder would receive a return on its investment based upon the...

  1. 16 CFR 801.2 - Acquiring and acquired persons.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...” are acquiring persons. (b) Except as provided in paragraphs (a) and (b) of § 801.12, the person(s.... Examples: 1. Corporation A (the ultimate parent entity included within person “A”) proposes to acquire Y, a... to be carried out by merging Y into X, a wholly-owned subsidiary of A, with X surviving, and...

  2. 16 CFR 801.2 - Acquiring and acquired persons.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...” are acquiring persons. (b) Except as provided in paragraphs (a) and (b) of § 801.12, the person(s.... Examples: 1. Corporation A (the ultimate parent entity included within person “A”) proposes to acquire Y, a... to be carried out by merging Y into X, a wholly-owned subsidiary of A, with X surviving, and...

  3. Toward protocols for quantum-ensured privacy and secure voting

    SciTech Connect

    Bonanome, Marianna; Buzek, Vladimir; Ziman, Mario; Hillery, Mark

    2011-08-15

    We present a number of schemes that use quantum mechanics to preserve privacy, in particular, we show that entangled quantum states can be useful in maintaining privacy. We further develop our original proposal [see M. Hillery, M. Ziman, V. Buzek, and M. Bielikova, Phys. Lett. A 349, 75 (2006)] for protecting privacy in voting, and examine its security under certain types of attacks, in particular dishonest voters and external eavesdroppers. A variation of these quantum-based schemes can be used for multiparty function evaluation. We consider functions corresponding to group multiplication of N group elements, with each element chosen by a different party. We show how quantum mechanics can be useful in maintaining the privacy of the choices group elements.

  4. Majority vote and other problems when using computational tools.

    PubMed

    Vihinen, Mauno

    2014-08-01

    Computational tools are essential for most of our research. To use these tools, one needs to know how they work. Problems in application of computational methods to variation analysis can appear at several stages and affect, for example, the interpretation of results. Such cases are discussed along with suggestions how to avoid them. The applications include incomplete reporting of methods, especially about the use of prediction tools; method selection on unscientific grounds and without consulting independent method performance assessments; extending application area of methods outside their intended purpose; use of the same data several times for obtaining majority vote; and filtering of datasets so that variants of interest are excluded. All these issues can be avoided by discontinuing the use software tools as black boxes.

  5. Unacquainted callers can predict which citizens will vote over and above citizens' stated self-predictions.

    PubMed

    Rogers, Todd; Ten Brinke, Leanne; Carney, Dana R

    2016-06-01

    People are regularly asked to report on their likelihoods of carrying out consequential future behaviors, including complying with medical advice, completing educational assignments, and voting in upcoming elections. Despite these stated self-predictions being notoriously unreliable, they are used to inform many strategic decisions. We report two studies examining stated self-prediction about whether citizens will vote. We find that most self-predicted voters do not actually vote despite saying they will, and that campaign callers can discern which self-predicted voters will not actually vote. In study 1 (n = 4,463), self-predicted voters rated by callers as "100% likely to vote" were 2 times more likely to actually vote than those rated unlikely to vote. Study 2 (n = 3,064) replicated this finding and further demonstrated that callers' prediction accuracy was mediated by citizens' nonverbal signals of uncertainty and deception. Strangers can use nonverbal signals to improve predictions of follow through on self-reported intentions-an insight of potential value for politics, medicine, and education. PMID:27217566

  6. Mental illness and the right to vote: a review of legislation across the world.

    PubMed

    Bhugra, Dinesh; Pathare, Soumitra; Gosavi, Chetna; Ventriglio, Antonio; Torales, Julio; Castaldelli-Maia, João; Tolentino, Edgardo Juan L; Ng, Roger

    2016-08-01

    The right to vote is an important right signifying freedom of thought as well as full citizenship in any setting. Right to vote is enshrined and protected by international human rights treaties. The right of 'everyone' to take part in the political process and elections is based on universal and equal suffrage. Although these International Conventions have been ratified by the large majority of United Nations Member States, their application across the globe is by no means universal. This study sets out to examine the domestic laws of UN Member States in order to explore whether individuals with mental health problems have the right to vote in actuality and, thu,s can participate in political life. Through various searches, electoral laws and Constitutions of 193 Member States of the United Nations were studied. The authors were able to find legislation and/or Constitutional provisions in 167 of the 193 Member States. Twenty-one countries (11%) only placed no restrictions on the right to vote by persons with mental health problems. Over one third of the countries (36%) deny all persons with any mental health problems a right to vote without any qualifier. Some of these discriminatory attitudes are reflected in the multiplicity of terms used to describe persons with mental health problems. Another 21 countries (11%) denied the right to vote to detained persons; of these, nine Member States specifically denied the right to vote to persons who were detained under the mental health law, while the remainder denied the right to vote to all those who were interdicted or judicially interdicted. It would appear that in many countries the denial of voting rights is attributed to a lack of ability to consent by the individuals with mental illness. Further exploration of explanation is required to understand these variations, which exist in spite of international treaties.

  7. Acquiring and Organizing Curriculum Materials.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lare, Gary A.

    This book addresses two areas of need in a curriculum materials center--where to find curriculum materials for acquisition and how to organize these materials for efficient and effective access once they are acquired. The book is arranged in two parts: "Acquiring and Organizing the Collection" and "Resources." The book brings together many…

  8. 75 FR 1614 - Submission for OMB Review-2010 Election Administration and Voting Survey; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-12

    ... submitted to OMB within 30 days of this notice. Comments should be sent to the attention of the Alex Hunt... Administration and Voting Survey. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Ms. Karen Lynn-Dyson or Ms. Shelly Anderson...

  9. 75 FR 16764 - Publication of State Plan Pursuant to the Help America Vote Act

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-02

    ... Vote Act (HAVA), Public Law 107-252, the U.S. Election Assistance Commission (EAC) hereby causes to be.... Virgin Islands. 69 FR 14002. HAVA anticipated that States, Territories and the District of Columbia...

  10. 75 FR 41454 - Publication of State Plan Pursuant to the Help America Vote Act

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-16

    ... Vote Act (HAVA), Public Law 107-252, the U.S. Election Assistance Commission (EAC) hereby causes to be.... Virgin Islands. 69 FR 14002. HAVA anticipated that states, territories and the District of Columbia...

  11. 76 FR 13377 - Publication of State Plan Pursuant to the Help America Vote Act

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-11

    ... Vote Act (HAVA), Public Law 107-252, the U.S. Election Assistance Commission (EAC) hereby causes to be.... Virgin Islands. 69 FR 14002. HAVA anticipated that states, territories and the District of Columbia...

  12. 75 FR 6643 - Publication of State Plan Pursuant to the Help America Vote Act

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-10

    ... Vote Act (HAVA), Public Law 107-252, the U.S. Election Assistance Commission (EAC) hereby causes to be... Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands. 69 FR 14002. HAVA anticipated that States, Territories and...

  13. 77 FR 27020 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; Current Population Survey (CPS) Voting and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-08

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ] DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE Bureau of the Census Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; Current Population Survey (CPS) Voting and Registration Supplement AGENCY: U.S. Census Bureau, Commerce. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY:...

  14. 78 FR 42761 - Proposed Information Collection-2014 Election Administration and Voting Survey; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-17

    ... source of the participation number--poll books, ballots counted, vote history; (c) Total number of first...; (i) Use of electronic and printed poll books during the 2014 Federal general election; (j) Type...

  15. 78 FR 78345 - Proposed Information Collection-2014 Election Administration and Voting Survey; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-26

    ... source of the participation number--poll books, ballots counted, vote history; (c) Total number of first...; (i) Use of electronic and printed poll books during the 2014 Federal general election; (j) Type...

  16. Sports-Governing Agency for 2-Year Colleges Votes to Tighten Academic Requirements for Athletes.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oberlander, Susan

    1988-01-01

    The National Junior College Athletic Association has voted in favor of strengthening semester-based academic standards for the eligibility of student athletes, reversing an earlier move to soften requirements. (MSE)

  17. Alternative majority-voting methods for real-time computing systems

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Shin, Kang G.; Dolter, James W.

    1989-01-01

    Two techniques that provide a compromise between the high time overhead in maintaining synchronous voting and the difficulty of combining results in asynchronous voting are proposed. These techniques are specifically suited for real-time applications with a single-source/single-sink structure that need instantaneous error masking. They provide a compromise between a tightly synchronized system in which the synchronization overhead can be quite high, and an asynchronous system which lacks suitable algorithms for combining the output data. Both quorum-majority voting (QMV) and compare-majority voting (CMV) are most applicable to distributed real-time systems with single-source/single-sink tasks. All real-time systems eventually have to resolve their outputs into a single action at some stage. The development of the advanced information processing system (AIPS) and other similar systems serve to emphasize the importance of these techniques. Time bounds suggest that it is possible to reduce the overhead for quorum-majority voting to below that for synchronous voting. All the bounds assume that the computation phase is nonpreemptive and that there is no multitasking.

  18. Classification of voting patterns to improve the generalized Hough transform for epiphyses localization

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hahmann, Ferdinand; Böer, Gordon; Gabriel, Eric; Deserno, Thomas M.; Meyer, Carsten; Schramm, Hauke

    2016-03-01

    This paper presents a general framework for object localization in medical (and non-medical) images. In particular, we focus on objects of well-defined shape, like epiphyseal regions in hand-radiographs, which are localized based on a voting framework using the Generalized Hough Transform (GHT). We suggest to combine the GHT voting with a classifier which rates the voting characteristics of the GHT model at individual Hough cells. Specifically, a Random Forest Classifier rates whether the model points, voting for an object position, constitute a regular shape or not, and this measure is combined with the GHT votes. With this technique, we achieve a success rate of 99.4% for localizing 12 epiphyseal regions of interest in 412 hand- radiographs. The mean error is 6.6 pixels on images with a mean resolution of 1185×2006 pixels. Furthermore, we analyze the influence of the radius of the local neighborhood which is considered in analyzing the voting characteristics of a Hough cell.

  19. Fine-tuning regression forests votes for object alignment in the wild.

    PubMed

    Yang, Heng; Patras, Ioannis

    2015-02-01

    In this paper, we propose a object alignment method that detects the landmarks of an object in 2D images. In the regression forests (RFs) framework, observations (patches) that are extracted at several image locations cast votes for the localization of several landmarks. We propose to refine the votes before accumulating them into the Hough space, by sieving and/or aggregating. In order to filter out false positive votes, we pass them through several sieves, each associated with a discrete or continuous latent variable. The sieves filter out votes that are not consistent with the latent variable in question, something that implicitly enforces global constraints. In order to aggregate the votes when necessary, we adjusts on-the-fly a proximity threshold by applying a classifier on middle-level features extracted from voting maps for the object landmark in question. Moreover, our method is able to predict the unreliability of an individual object landmark. This information can be useful for subsequent object analysis like object recognition. Our contributions are validated for two object alignment tasks, face alignment and car alignment, on data sets with challenging images collected in the wild, i.e., the Labeled Face in the Wild, the Annotated Facial Landmarks in the Wild, and the street scene car data set. We show that with the proposed approach, and without explicitly introducing shape models, we obtain performance superior or close to the state of the art for both tasks.

  20. Cortisol and Politics: Variance in Voting Behavior is Predicted by Baseline Cortisol Levels

    PubMed Central

    French, Jeffrey A.; Smith, Kevin B.; Alford, John R.; Guck, Adam; Birnie, Andrew K.; Hibbing, John R.

    2014-01-01

    Participation in electoral politics is affected by a host of social and demographics variables, but there is growing evidence that biological predispositions may also play a role in behavior related to political involvement. We examined the role of individual variation in hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) stress axis parameters in explaining differences in self-reported and actual participation in political activities. Self-reported political activity, religious participation, and verified voting activity in U.S. national elections were collected from 105 participants, who were subsequently exposed to a standardized (nonpolitical) psychosocial stressor. We demonstrated that lower baseline salivary cortisol in the late afternoon was significantly associated with increased actual voting frequency in six national elections, but not with self-reported non-voting political activity. Baseline cortisol predicted significant variation in voting behavior above and beyond variation accounted for by traditional demographic variables (particularly age of participant in our sample). Participation in religious activity was weakly (and negatively) associated with baseline cortisol. Our results suggest that HPA-mediated characteristics of social, cognitive, and emotional processes may exert an influence on a trait as complex as voting behavior, and that cortisol is a better predictor of actual voting behavior, as opposed to self-reported political activity. PMID:24835544