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Sample records for act agency food

  1. 76 FR 30727 - Food and Drug Administration Food Safety Modernization Act: Focus on Inspections and Compliance

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-26

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Food and Drug Administration Food Safety Modernization Act: Focus on Inspections and Compliance AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION: Notice of public meeting; request for comments. SUMMARY: The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is announcing a...

  2. 76 FR 13972 - United States Warehouse Act; Export Food Aid Commodities Licensing Agreement

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-15

    ... Farm Service Agency United States Warehouse Act; Export Food Aid Commodities Licensing Agreement AGENCY... (FSA) proposes adding export food aid commodities (EFAC) to the agricultural products for which... operators storing EFAC. This proposal is in response to the concerns of export food aid providers...

  3. [Food Sanitation Act and Minamata Disease].

    PubMed

    Ishihara, Nobuo

    2016-01-01

    Immediately after the official recognition of Minamata disease (1956.5.l) a study group at Kumamoto University suggested that Minamata disease was caused by food poisoning. The next year, this suggestion was accepted by the Ministry of Health and Welfare (MHW). Prior to the decision to apply the Food Sanitation Act (FSA), the local government asked MHW for the application of FSA. Soon after, the chief of the Public Health Bureau replied to the local government that the application of FSA to the Minamata area was impossible. Epidemiological investigations of residents and polluted areas, therefore, were not carried out. Data essential for the screening for exposed residents were unavailable. The criteria for the screening were presented. The Environmental Agency (EA) presented the criteria in the form of notice in 1971, which were revised in 1977. Notwithstanding the clear difference between the original and revised criteria, EA insisted that these two sets of criteria were quite similar. This insistence by EA and the absence of epidemiological data on residents and polluted area resulted in the present confusion about Minamata disease. The application of FSA was stopped by bureaucrats who had no interest in the environmental problems and by several scientists patronized by stakeholders (Chisso, Japanese Association of Chemical Industries, MHW and EA). Stakeholders suppressed science.

  4. [Food Sanitation Act and Minamata Disease].

    PubMed

    Ishihara, Nobuo

    2016-01-01

    Immediately after the official recognition of Minamata disease (1956.5.l) a study group at Kumamoto University suggested that Minamata disease was caused by food poisoning. The next year, this suggestion was accepted by the Ministry of Health and Welfare (MHW). Prior to the decision to apply the Food Sanitation Act (FSA), the local government asked MHW for the application of FSA. Soon after, the chief of the Public Health Bureau replied to the local government that the application of FSA to the Minamata area was impossible. Epidemiological investigations of residents and polluted areas, therefore, were not carried out. Data essential for the screening for exposed residents were unavailable. The criteria for the screening were presented. The Environmental Agency (EA) presented the criteria in the form of notice in 1971, which were revised in 1977. Notwithstanding the clear difference between the original and revised criteria, EA insisted that these two sets of criteria were quite similar. This insistence by EA and the absence of epidemiological data on residents and polluted area resulted in the present confusion about Minamata disease. The application of FSA was stopped by bureaucrats who had no interest in the environmental problems and by several scientists patronized by stakeholders (Chisso, Japanese Association of Chemical Industries, MHW and EA). Stakeholders suppressed science. PMID:26832624

  5. FDA Food Safety Modernization Act

    THOMAS, 111th Congress

    Rep. Sutton, Betty [D-OH-13

    2009-06-08

    01/04/2011 Became Public Law No: 111-353. (TXT | PDF) (All Actions) Notes: H.R.2751 was introduced and first passed the House as the Consumer Assistance to Recycle and Save Act. Tracker: This bill has the status Became LawHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  6. 77 FR 45636 - Food Safety Modernization Act Domestic and Foreign Facility Reinspection, Recall, and Importer...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-01

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Food Safety Modernization Act Domestic and Foreign Facility Reinspection, Recall, and Importer Reinspection Fee Rates for Fiscal Year 2013 AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is announcing the...

  7. 78 FR 15019 - Food and Drug Administration Prescription Drug User Fee Act V Benefit-Risk Plan; Request for...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-08

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Food and Drug Administration Prescription Drug User Fee Act V Benefit-Risk Plan; Request for Comments AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION: Notice, request for comments. SUMMARY: The Food and Drug Administration (FDA or the Agency) is announcing...

  8. 75 FR 6670 - Agency Forms Undergoing Paperwork Reduction Act Review

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-10

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Agency Forms Undergoing Paperwork Reduction Act Review The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) publishes a list of information... of Infectious Diseases (NCPDCID), Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Background...

  9. 78 FR 60283 - Agency Forms Undergoing Paperwork Reduction Act Review

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-10-01

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Agency Forms Undergoing Paperwork Reduction Act Review The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) publishes a list of information... this notice. Proposed Project Monitoring and Reporting System for Chronic Disease Prevention...

  10. 77 FR 24207 - Agency Forms Undergoing Paperwork Reduction Act Review

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-23

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Agency Forms Undergoing Paperwork Reduction Act Review The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) publishes a list of information... Zoonotic Infectious Diseases (NCEZID), Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Background...

  11. 76 FR 44337 - Agency Forms Undergoing Paperwork Reduction Act Review

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-25

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Agency Forms Undergoing Paperwork Reduction Act Review The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) publishes a list of information... Health Statistics (NCHS), Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Background and...

  12. 77 FR 11132 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Improving Food...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-24

    ...: Review of State and Local Capacities.'' The data collection will obtain knowledge of State and local... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed... collection of certain information by the Agency. Under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (the PRA),...

  13. 78 FR 22916 - Sunshine Act; Notice of Agency Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-17

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office NATIONAL CREDIT UNION ADMINISTRATION Sunshine Act; Notice of Agency Meeting TIME AND DATE: 10:00 a.m., Thursday, April 18, 2013. PLACE: Board Room, 7th Floor, Room 7047, 1775 Duke Street (All visitors must use Diagonal Road...

  14. 78 FR 59700 - Agency Forms Undergoing Paperwork Reduction Act Review

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-27

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Agency Forms Undergoing Paperwork Reduction Act Review The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) publishes a list of information... Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Background...

  15. 78 FR 33096 - Agency Forms Undergoing Paperwork Reduction Act Review

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-03

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Agency Forms Undergoing Paperwork Reduction Act Review The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) publishes a list of information... days of this notice. Proposed Project Spectrum of Flavoring Chemical-Related Lung...

  16. 78 FR 40150 - Agency Forms Undergoing Paperwork Reduction Act Review

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-03

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Agency Forms Undergoing Paperwork Reduction Act Review The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) publishes a list of information collection requests under review by the Office...

  17. 77 FR 65894 - Agency Forms Undergoing Paperwork Reduction Act Review

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-31

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Agency Forms Undergoing Paperwork Reduction Act Review The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) publishes a list of information... Pressure Events in Drinking Water Distribution Systems--New--National Center for Emerging and...

  18. 76 FR 78262 - Agency Forms Undergoing Paperwork Reduction Act Review

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-16

    ... will provide estimates of behavior related to the risk of HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Agency Forms Undergoing Paperwork Reduction Act Review The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) publishes a list of...

  19. 75 FR 25860 - Agency Forms Undergoing Paperwork Reduction Act Review

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-10

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Agency Forms Undergoing Paperwork Reduction Act Review The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) publishes a list of information... should be received within 30 days of this notice. Proposed Project Development and Testing of an...

  20. 77 FR 6802 - Agency Forms Undergoing Paperwork Reduction Act Review

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-09

    ... efficacious interventions to prevent infection by HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Agency Forms Undergoing Paperwork Reduction Act Review The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) publishes a list of...

  1. 76 FR 12121 - Agency Forms Undergoing Paperwork Reduction Act Review

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-04

    ... behavior related to the risk of HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases, prior testing for HIV, and use... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Agency Forms Undergoing Paperwork Reduction Act Review The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) publishes a list of...

  2. 78 FR 4149 - Agency Forms Undergoing Paperwork Reduction Act Review

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-18

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Agency Forms Undergoing Paperwork Reduction Act Review The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) publishes a list of information...- 0488, Exp. 3/31/2013)--Revision--National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases...

  3. 78 FR 69092 - Agency Forms Undergoing Paperwork Reduction Act Review

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-18

    ... Transmitted Disease (STD) Morbidity Surveillance) 0920-0009 (National Disease Surveillance Program--I. Case... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Agency Forms Undergoing Paperwork Reduction Act Review The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) publishes a list of...

  4. 76 FR 6138 - Agency Forms Undergoing Paperwork Reduction Act Review

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-03

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Agency Forms Undergoing Paperwork Reduction Act Review The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) publishes a list of information collection requests under review by the Office...

  5. 77 FR 24960 - Agency Forms Undergoing Paperwork Reduction Act Review

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-26

    ... of the Associate Director for Science, Office of the Director, Centers for Disease Control and... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Agency Forms Undergoing Paperwork Reduction Act Review The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) publishes a list of...

  6. 78 FR 24422 - Agency Forms Undergoing Paperwork Reduction Act Review

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-25

    ... National Asthma Control Program at CDC has access to and analyzes national-level asthma surveillance data... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Agency Forms Undergoing Paperwork Reduction Act Review The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) publishes a list of...

  7. 75 FR 14163 - Agency Forms Undergoing Paperwork Reduction Act Review

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-24

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Agency Forms Undergoing Paperwork Reduction Act Review The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) publishes a list of information collection requests under review by the Office...

  8. 78 FR 75920 - Agency Forms Undergoing Paperwork Reduction Act Review

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-13

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Agency Forms Undergoing Paperwork Reduction Act Review The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) publishes a list of information... and Prevention (CDC). Background and Brief Description The annual National Health Interview Survey...

  9. 78 FR 15745 - Sunshine Act; Notice of Agency Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-12

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office NATIONAL CREDIT UNION ADMINISTRATION Sunshine Act; Notice of Agency Meeting TIME AND DATE: 10:00 a.m., Thursday, March 14, 2013. PLACE: Board Room, 7th Floor, Room 7047, 1775 Duke Street (All visitors must use Diagonal Road Entrance), Alexandria, VA 22314-3428. STATUS:...

  10. 75 FR 4824 - Agency Forms Undergoing Paperwork Reduction Act Review

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-29

    ... evaluate cervical cancer screening methods and the use of Human Papillomavirus DNA tests. A supplemental... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Agency Forms Undergoing Paperwork Reduction... Human Services (DHHS), acting through NCHS, shall collect statistics on ``utilization of health...

  11. 77 FR 70166 - Provisions of the Food and Drug Administration Safety and Innovation Act Related to Medical Gases...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-23

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Provisions of the Food and Drug Administration Safety and Innovation Act Related to Medical Gases; Establishment of a Public Docket AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is establishing a...

  12. 21 CFR 21.70 - Disclosure and intra-agency use of records in Privacy Act Record Systems; no accounting required.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Disclosure and intra-agency use of records in Privacy Act Record Systems; no accounting required. 21.70 Section 21.70 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG... Privacy Act Record Systems to Persons Other Than the Subject Individual § 21.70 Disclosure and...

  13. 21 CFR 21.70 - Disclosure and intra-agency use of records in Privacy Act Record Systems; no accounting required.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Disclosure and intra-agency use of records in Privacy Act Record Systems; no accounting required. 21.70 Section 21.70 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG... Privacy Act Record Systems to Persons Other Than the Subject Individual § 21.70 Disclosure and...

  14. 21 CFR 21.70 - Disclosure and intra-agency use of records in Privacy Act Record Systems; no accounting required.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... Privacy Act Record Systems; no accounting required. 21.70 Section 21.70 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG... Privacy Act Record Systems to Persons Other Than the Subject Individual § 21.70 Disclosure and intra-agency use of records in Privacy Act Record Systems; no accounting required. (a) A record about...

  15. 21 CFR 21.70 - Disclosure and intra-agency use of records in Privacy Act Record Systems; no accounting required.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... and local government employees for use only in their work with the Food and Drug Administration, and... 21 Food and Drugs 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Disclosure and intra-agency use of records in Privacy Act Record Systems; no accounting required. 21.70 Section 21.70 Food and Drugs FOOD AND...

  16. 21 CFR 21.70 - Disclosure and intra-agency use of records in Privacy Act Record Systems; no accounting required.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... and local government employees for use only in their work with the Food and Drug Administration, and... 21 Food and Drugs 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Disclosure and intra-agency use of records in Privacy Act Record Systems; no accounting required. 21.70 Section 21.70 Food and Drugs FOOD AND...

  17. 78 FR 57320 - Food and Drug Administration Food Safety Modernization Act: Proposed Rules on Foreign Supplier...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-18

    ... importers currently rely to help manage the safety of their global food supply chains. The purpose of these... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration 21 CFR Parts 1 and 16 Food and Drug Administration Food... of Third-Party Auditors/Certification Bodies; Public Meetings AGENCY: Food and Drug...

  18. 78 FR 49988 - Food and Drug Administration Food Safety Modernization Act: Proposed Rules on Foreign Supplier...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-16

    ... importers currently rely to help manage the safety of their global food supply chains. The purpose of the... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration 21 CFR Parts 1 and 16 Food and Drug Administration Food... of Third-Party Auditors/Certification Bodies; Public Meeting AGENCY: Food and Drug...

  19. [Food safety viewed from the registration and inspection agencies].

    PubMed

    Shiomi, Yukihiro

    2011-01-01

    When food safety is mentioned, people would think about food which is in compliance with Food Sanitation Act and standard, and edible food. Because there is difference in terms of food and additives standards between Japan and other countries, a variety of food cannot be imported from foreign countries to Japan. In addition, in 2006, with the introduction of the Positive List, which takes a close-up of pesticide remained in food and anti-biotic, we adopted an effective policy towards imported food which does not reach the national standards. On one hand, in order to ensure food safety, domestic producers, hotels, fast food stores, and restaurants all try to strengthen management on food quality and employees health. However, food poisoning happens frequently. Chemicals and natural poisoning play a part but the major part is played by micro-organism (bacteria). So it become more and more important to develop food safety policies to avoid harm from bad food. Therefore, as an authority with the responsibility of quarantine, inspection and registration, it is important to conduct food inspection and it is even more important to provide comprehensive suggestions. PMID:21720130

  20. 78 FR 20612 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection; Comment Request-Food Programs...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-05

    ...) and the Senior Farmers' Market Nutrition Program (SFMNP). Currently, the nutrition assistance programs...; ] DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Food and Nutrition Service Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection; Comment Request--Food Programs Reporting System AGENCY: Food and Nutrition Service (FNS),...

  1. 76 FR 3080 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection; Comment Request-Food Programs...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-19

    ...), and the Senior Farmers' Market Nutrition Program (SFMNP). Currently, the nutrition assistance programs... Food and Nutrition Service Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection; Comment Request--Food Programs Reporting System AGENCY: Food and Nutrition Service (FNS), USDA. ACTION:...

  2. 77 FR 62469 - Defense Logistics Agency Freedom of Information Act Program

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-15

    ... of the Secretary 32 CFR Part 300 Defense Logistics Agency 32 CFR Part 1285 RIN 0790-AI87 Defense Logistics Agency Freedom of Information Act Program AGENCY: Defense Logistics Agency, DoD. ACTION: Proposed rule. SUMMARY: The Defense Logistics Agency (DLA) proposes to revise and update its existing...

  3. 19 CFR 147.23 - Compliance with Plant Quarantine Act and Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act. 147.23 Section 147.23 Customs Duties U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION... Laws § 147.23 Compliance with Plant Quarantine Act and Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act. (a) Plant... the plant quarantine regulations. (b) Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act. The entry of food...

  4. 19 CFR 147.23 - Compliance with Plant Quarantine Act and Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act. 147.23 Section 147.23 Customs Duties U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION... Laws § 147.23 Compliance with Plant Quarantine Act and Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act. (a) Plant... the plant quarantine regulations. (b) Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act. The entry of food...

  5. 19 CFR 147.23 - Compliance with Plant Quarantine Act and Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act. 147.23 Section 147.23 Customs Duties U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION... Laws § 147.23 Compliance with Plant Quarantine Act and Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act. (a) Plant... the plant quarantine regulations. (b) Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act. The entry of food...

  6. 19 CFR 147.23 - Compliance with Plant Quarantine Act and Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act. 147.23 Section 147.23 Customs Duties U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION... Laws § 147.23 Compliance with Plant Quarantine Act and Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act. (a) Plant... the plant quarantine regulations. (b) Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act. The entry of food...

  7. 19 CFR 147.23 - Compliance with Plant Quarantine Act and Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act. 147.23 Section 147.23 Customs Duties U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION... Laws § 147.23 Compliance with Plant Quarantine Act and Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act. (a) Plant... the plant quarantine regulations. (b) Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act. The entry of food...

  8. 75 FR 68395 - Agency Self-Evaluation Under Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-05

    ... at http://www.gpoaccess.gov/fr/index.html . Background Under section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of... ADMINISTRATION Agency Self-Evaluation Under Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 AGENCY: Social Security... policies and practices supporting section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973. Under section 504,...

  9. Reconsidering Food Reward, Brain Stimulation, and Dopamine: Incentives Act Forward.

    PubMed

    Newquist, Gunnar; Gardner, R Allen

    2015-01-01

    In operant conditioning, rats pressing levers and pigeons pecking keys depend on contingent food reinforcement. Food reward agrees with Skinner's behaviorism, undergraduate textbooks, and folk psychology. However, nearly a century of experimental evidence shows, instead, that food in an operant conditioning chamber acts forward to evoke species-specific feeding behavior rather than backward to reinforce experimenter-defined responses. Furthermore, recent findings in neuroscience show consistently that intracranial stimulation to reward centers and dopamine release, the proposed reward molecule, also act forward to evoke inborn species-specific behavior. These results challenge longstanding views of hedonic learning and must be incorporated into contemporary learning theory. PMID:26721172

  10. Reconsidering Food Reward, Brain Stimulation, and Dopamine: Incentives Act Forward.

    PubMed

    Newquist, Gunnar; Gardner, R Allen

    2015-01-01

    In operant conditioning, rats pressing levers and pigeons pecking keys depend on contingent food reinforcement. Food reward agrees with Skinner's behaviorism, undergraduate textbooks, and folk psychology. However, nearly a century of experimental evidence shows, instead, that food in an operant conditioning chamber acts forward to evoke species-specific feeding behavior rather than backward to reinforce experimenter-defined responses. Furthermore, recent findings in neuroscience show consistently that intracranial stimulation to reward centers and dopamine release, the proposed reward molecule, also act forward to evoke inborn species-specific behavior. These results challenge longstanding views of hedonic learning and must be incorporated into contemporary learning theory.

  11. The Indian National Food Security Act, 2013: a commentary.

    PubMed

    Varadharajan, Kiruba Sankar; Thomas, Tinku; Kurpad, Anura

    2014-06-01

    The National Food Security Act (NFSA) 2013, passed recently by the Indian Parliament, aims to ensure food security in India, chiefly by providing cereals at subsidized prices through the Targeted Public Distribution System (TPDS) for about two-thirds of households. The predominant line of criticism of the NFSA has been the costs of such an ambitious rights-based approach in the context of decelerating economic growth and growing fiscal deficits. We argue that the food subsidy has been increasing through the last few decades and is set to climb even higher with this act but that the incremental costs, at about 0.2% of gross domestic product, are not as high as claimed. Further, recent evidence of increasing utilization of the TPDS and decreasing corruption add credence to the act's premise that significant income transfers to poor households can be achieved, thereby promoting food security as well as dietary diversity. Several concerns remain to be addressed in the design and implementation of the act, including its proposed coverage, a cereal-centric approach, the identification of beneficiaries, and its adaptability at the state level. If these are resolved effectively, the act can prove to be a significant step forward in India's long-drawn-out battle against undernutrition and food insecurity. Finally, the NFSA also provides a fresh opportunity to reform and strengthen the TPDS, which has been an integral component of India's strategy to achieve food security at the national level. PMID:25076773

  12. The Indian National Food Security Act, 2013: a commentary.

    PubMed

    Varadharajan, Kiruba Sankar; Thomas, Tinku; Kurpad, Anura

    2014-06-01

    The National Food Security Act (NFSA) 2013, passed recently by the Indian Parliament, aims to ensure food security in India, chiefly by providing cereals at subsidized prices through the Targeted Public Distribution System (TPDS) for about two-thirds of households. The predominant line of criticism of the NFSA has been the costs of such an ambitious rights-based approach in the context of decelerating economic growth and growing fiscal deficits. We argue that the food subsidy has been increasing through the last few decades and is set to climb even higher with this act but that the incremental costs, at about 0.2% of gross domestic product, are not as high as claimed. Further, recent evidence of increasing utilization of the TPDS and decreasing corruption add credence to the act's premise that significant income transfers to poor households can be achieved, thereby promoting food security as well as dietary diversity. Several concerns remain to be addressed in the design and implementation of the act, including its proposed coverage, a cereal-centric approach, the identification of beneficiaries, and its adaptability at the state level. If these are resolved effectively, the act can prove to be a significant step forward in India's long-drawn-out battle against undernutrition and food insecurity. Finally, the NFSA also provides a fresh opportunity to reform and strengthen the TPDS, which has been an integral component of India's strategy to achieve food security at the national level.

  13. Food Fraud Prevention: Policy, Strategy, and Decision-Making - Implementation Steps for a Government Agency or Industry.

    PubMed

    Spink, John; Fortin, Neal D; Moyer, Douglas C; Miao, Hong; Wu, Yongning

    2016-01-01

    This paper addresses the role of governments, industry, academics, and non-governmental organizations in Food Fraud prevention. Before providing strategic concepts for governments and authorities, definitions of Food Fraud are reviewed and discussed. Next there is a review of Food Fraud activities by the Global Food Safety Initiative (GFSI), the Elliott Review in the United Kingdom, the European Commission resolution on Food Fraud, and the US Food Safety Modernization Act including the Preventative Controls Rule. Two key concepts for governments or a company are: (1) formally, and specifically, mention food fraud as a food issue and (2) create an enterprise-wide Food Fraud prevention plan. The research includes a case study of the implementation of the concepts by a state or provincial agency. This analysis provides a foundation to review the role of science and technology in detection, deterrence and then contributing to prevention. PMID:27198808

  14. Food Fraud Prevention: Policy, Strategy, and Decision-Making - Implementation Steps for a Government Agency or Industry.

    PubMed

    Spink, John; Fortin, Neal D; Moyer, Douglas C; Miao, Hong; Wu, Yongning

    2016-01-01

    This paper addresses the role of governments, industry, academics, and non-governmental organizations in Food Fraud prevention. Before providing strategic concepts for governments and authorities, definitions of Food Fraud are reviewed and discussed. Next there is a review of Food Fraud activities by the Global Food Safety Initiative (GFSI), the Elliott Review in the United Kingdom, the European Commission resolution on Food Fraud, and the US Food Safety Modernization Act including the Preventative Controls Rule. Two key concepts for governments or a company are: (1) formally, and specifically, mention food fraud as a food issue and (2) create an enterprise-wide Food Fraud prevention plan. The research includes a case study of the implementation of the concepts by a state or provincial agency. This analysis provides a foundation to review the role of science and technology in detection, deterrence and then contributing to prevention.

  15. 78 FR 33095 - Agency Forms Undergoing Paperwork Reduction Act Review

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-03

    ... sodium from processed and restaurant foods, sodium inherent in foods, and salt added at the table and... questionnaire, a tap water questionnaire, four 24-hour dietary recalls, and four qualitative food records. In... Questionnaire. 24-Hour Dietary 225 4 30/60 Recall. Food Record......... 225 4 15/60 Duplicate Salt 225 4...

  16. Food, risk and place: agency and negotiations of young people with food allergy.

    PubMed

    Stjerna, Marie-Louise

    2015-02-01

    Potentially life-threatening food allergies are increasing among children in the Western world. Informed by childhood studies, this article explores young people's management of food allergy risk and highlights their agency in relation to food, eating and place. Drawing on individual interviews with 10 young people who took part in a larger multi-method study of young people's experiences of food allergies, the findings demonstrate that the management of health risks means, to some extent, trying to control the uncontrollable. A reaction can occur at any time and to experience a severe reaction entails a temporarily loss of control. The strategies the young people develop to avoid allergic reactions can be understood both as responses to this uncertainty and as manifestations of their agency. Their risk experiences vary with place; at school and in other public places they face social as well as health risks. What we see is not agency as a voluntary choice but that young people with food allergies experience tensions between their own competence to manage different types of risks and their dependence on others to adjust to their needs. Thus, the relational aspects of young people's agency come to the fore.

  17. Application of the British Food Standards Agency nutrient profiling system in a French food composition database.

    PubMed

    Julia, Chantal; Kesse-Guyot, Emmanuelle; Touvier, Mathilde; Méjean, Caroline; Fezeu, Léopold; Hercberg, Serge

    2014-11-28

    Nutrient profiling systems are powerful tools for public health initiatives, as they aim at categorising foods according to their nutritional quality. The British Food Standards Agency (FSA) nutrient profiling system (FSA score) has been validated in a British food database, but the application of the model in other contexts has not yet been evaluated. The objective of the present study was to assess the application of the British FSA score in a French food composition database. Foods from the French NutriNet-Santé study food composition table were categorised according to their FSA score using the Office of Communication (OfCom) cut-off value ('healthier' ≤ 4 for foods and ≤ 1 for beverages; 'less healthy' >4 for foods and >1 for beverages) and distribution cut-offs (quintiles for foods, quartiles for beverages). Foods were also categorised according to the food groups used for the French Programme National Nutrition Santé (PNNS) recommendations. Foods were weighted according to their relative consumption in a sample drawn from the NutriNet-Santé study (n 4225), representative of the French population. Classification of foods according to the OfCom cut-offs was consistent with food groups described in the PNNS: 97·8 % of fruit and vegetables, 90·4 % of cereals and potatoes and only 3·8 % of sugary snacks were considered as 'healthier'. Moreover, variability in the FSA score allowed for a discrimination between subcategories in the same food group, confirming the possibility of using the FSA score as a multiple category system, for example as a basis for front-of-pack nutrition labelling. Application of the FSA score in the French context would adequately complement current public health recommendations.

  18. Application of the British Food Standards Agency nutrient profiling system in a French food composition database.

    PubMed

    Julia, Chantal; Kesse-Guyot, Emmanuelle; Touvier, Mathilde; Méjean, Caroline; Fezeu, Léopold; Hercberg, Serge

    2014-11-28

    Nutrient profiling systems are powerful tools for public health initiatives, as they aim at categorising foods according to their nutritional quality. The British Food Standards Agency (FSA) nutrient profiling system (FSA score) has been validated in a British food database, but the application of the model in other contexts has not yet been evaluated. The objective of the present study was to assess the application of the British FSA score in a French food composition database. Foods from the French NutriNet-Santé study food composition table were categorised according to their FSA score using the Office of Communication (OfCom) cut-off value ('healthier' ≤ 4 for foods and ≤ 1 for beverages; 'less healthy' >4 for foods and >1 for beverages) and distribution cut-offs (quintiles for foods, quartiles for beverages). Foods were also categorised according to the food groups used for the French Programme National Nutrition Santé (PNNS) recommendations. Foods were weighted according to their relative consumption in a sample drawn from the NutriNet-Santé study (n 4225), representative of the French population. Classification of foods according to the OfCom cut-offs was consistent with food groups described in the PNNS: 97·8 % of fruit and vegetables, 90·4 % of cereals and potatoes and only 3·8 % of sugary snacks were considered as 'healthier'. Moreover, variability in the FSA score allowed for a discrimination between subcategories in the same food group, confirming the possibility of using the FSA score as a multiple category system, for example as a basis for front-of-pack nutrition labelling. Application of the FSA score in the French context would adequately complement current public health recommendations. PMID:25277084

  19. 76 FR 29246 - Agency Forms Undergoing Paperwork Reduction Act Review

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-20

    ... Occupational hazards facing law enforcement officers (LEOs) include psychological, biological, physical, and... publically available database of all U.S. law enforcement agencies. Pilot test data demonstrated...

  20. 78 FR 65661 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Food Safety Survey

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-01

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Food Safety Survey AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Food and Drug Administration (FDA or we) is announcing an opportunity for public comment...

  1. 76 FR 62412 - Agency Forms Undergoing Paperwork Reduction Act Review

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-07

    ... Bioterrorism Preparedness and Response Act of 2002, Subtitle A of Public Law 107-188 (42 U.S.C. 262a), requires... public health and safety. The Agricultural Bioterrorism Protection Act of 2002, Subtitle B of Public...

  2. UK Food Standards Agency Workshop Report: carbohydrate and cardiovascular risk.

    PubMed

    Peacock, Emma; Stanley, John; Calder, Philip C; Jebb, Susan A; Thies, Frank; Seal, Chris J; Woodside, Jayne V; Sanders, Tom A B

    2010-06-01

    This report summarises a workshop convened by the UK Food Standards Agency (FSA) on 14 October 2008 to discuss current FSA-funded research on carbohydrates and cardiovascular health. The objective of this workshop was to discuss the results of recent research and to identify any areas which could inform future FSA research calls. This workshop highlighted that the FSA is currently funding some of the largest, well-powered intervention trials investigating the type of fat and carbohydrate, whole grains and fruit and vegetables, on various CVD risk factors. Results of these trials will make a substantive contribution to the evidence on diet and cardiovascular risk. PMID:20236556

  3. 78 FR 57391 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Food Canning...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-18

    ... Acidified Foods and Thermally Processed Low-Acid Foods in Hermetically Sealed Containers AGENCY: Food and... recordkeeping requirements for firms that process acidified foods and thermally processed low-acid foods in... and Thermally Processed Low-Acid Foods in Hermetically Sealed Containers--21 CFR 108.25 and...

  4. 77 FR 19670 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Food Contact...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-02

    ... Collection; Comment Request; Food Contact Substance Notification Program AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration... solicits comments on the collection of information associated with the Food Contact Substance Notification... document. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: With regard to the information collection: Denver Presley,...

  5. 78 FR 23766 - Agency Forms Undergoing Paperwork Reduction Act Review

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-22

    ... as coolants and lubricants in electrical equipment. They didn't burn easily and were good insulators... Research Consortium (AEHRC) was funded by the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). The... of Health (NIH) plan to continue the work of the first ACHS. These agencies will conduct a...

  6. 78 FR 23767 - Agency Forms Undergoing Paperwork Reduction Act Review

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-22

    ... as coolants and lubricants in electrical equipment. They didn't burn easily and were good insulators... Research Consortium (AEHRC) was funded by the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). The... of Health (NIH) plan to continue the work of the first ACHS. These agencies will conduct a...

  7. Requests Made under the Official Information Act 1982: A Survey at the Agency Level.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clemens, Dave Andrew

    New Zealand's Official Information Act (OIA) has been in force for almost two decades. During these years, there has been little research published about how citizens use the legislation or how agencies have responded to requests made under the Act. The aim of this project is to produce basic research data from a range of agencies to quantify use…

  8. 77 FR 13617 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Customs Modernization Act Recordkeeping Requirements

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-07

    ... SECURITY U.S. Customs and Border Protection Agency Information Collection Activities: Customs Modernization Act Recordkeeping Requirements AGENCY: U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP), Department of... concerning the Customs Modernization Act Recordkeeping Requirements. This request for comment is being...

  9. 33 CFR 148.3 - What Federal agencies are responsible for implementing the Deepwater Port Act?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Administration. (d) The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Bureau of Ocean... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false What Federal agencies are... § 148.3 What Federal agencies are responsible for implementing the Deepwater Port Act? (a)...

  10. 33 CFR 148.3 - What Federal agencies are responsible for implementing the Deepwater Port Act?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Hazardous Materials and Safety Administration. (d) The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), U.S. Army... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false What Federal agencies are... § 148.3 What Federal agencies are responsible for implementing the Deepwater Port Act? (a)...

  11. 33 CFR 148.3 - What Federal agencies are responsible for implementing the Deepwater Port Act?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Hazardous Materials and Safety Administration. (d) The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), U.S. Army... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false What Federal agencies are... § 148.3 What Federal agencies are responsible for implementing the Deepwater Port Act? (a)...

  12. 77 FR 43286 - Agency Forms Undergoing Paperwork Reduction Act Review

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-24

    ..., foods eaten, hobbies, jobs, etc. In addition, ATSDR asks questions on recreational or occupational... targeted biologic (e.g., urine, blood, hair samples) and environmental (e.g., air, water, soil, or food... chemicals being investigated the route of exposure (e.g., breathing, eating, touching), and number of...

  13. 78 FR 18595 - Agency Forms Undergoing Paperwork Reduction Act Review

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-27

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Agency Forms Undergoing Paperwork Reduction... Health Promotion (NCCDPHP), Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Background and...

  14. 75 FR 17921 - Agency Forms Undergoing Paperwork Reduction Act Review

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-08

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Agency Forms Undergoing Paperwork Reduction... Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (NCCDPHP), Centers for Disease Control...

  15. 75 FR 78995 - Agency Forms Undergoing Paperwork Reduction Act Review

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-17

    ... impact of the fellowships on the career paths of participants, and thus, on the science and practice of... careers, and generating reports. FMS reduces duplicate applicant records as well as agency resources...

  16. 77 FR 1947 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Jade Act

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-12

    ... Act of 2008 (JADE Act) prohibits the importation of ``Burmese covered articles'' (jadeite, rubies, and articles of jewelry containing jadeite or rubies mined or extracted from Burma), and sets forth conditions for the importation of ``non-Burmese covered articles'' (jadeite, rubies, and articles of...

  17. 75 FR 70007 - Agency Forms Undergoing Paperwork Reduction Act Review

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-16

    ... 404-639-5960 or send comments to Carol E. Walker, CDC Acting Reports Clearance Officer, 1600 Clifton Road, MS D-74, Atlanta, GA 30333 or send an e-mail to omb@cdc.gov . Comments are invited on: (a.... Dated: November 9, 2010. Carol E. Walker, Acting Reports Clearance Officer, Centers for Disease...

  18. 75 FR 9423 - Agency Information Collection Activities: African Growth and Opportunity Act Certificate of Origin

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-02

    ... Opportunity Act Certificate of Origin AGENCY: U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP), Department of Homeland... requirement concerning the African Growth and Opportunity Act Certificate of Origin (AGOA). This request for...: Title: African Growth and Opportunity Act Certificate of Origin. OMB Number: 1651-0082. Form...

  19. 78 FR 28239 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Andean Trade Preferences Act

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-14

    ... Register (78 FR 15031) on March 8, 2013, allowing for a 60-day comment period. This notice allows for an... Preferences Act AGENCY: U.S. Customs and Border Protection, Department of Homeland Security. ACTION: 30-Day... approval in accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act: Andean Trade Preferences Act. This is a...

  20. 76 FR 8766 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Andean Trade Preference Act

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-15

    ... Register (75 FR 73118) on November 29, 2010, allowing for a 60-day comment period. This notice allows for... Preference Act AGENCY: U.S. Customs and Border Protection, Department of Homeland Security. ACTION: 30-Day... accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act: Andean Trade Preference Act. This is a proposed extension of...

  1. 78 FR 42103 - Agency Information Collection Activities: African Growth and Opportunity Act Certificate of Origin

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-15

    ... Opportunity Act Certificate of Origin AGENCY: U.S. Customs and Border Protection, Department of Homeland... accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act: African Growth and Opportunity Act Certificate of Origin (AGOA... previously published in the Federal Register (78 FR 26650) on May 7, 2013, allowing for a 60-day...

  2. 78 FR 26650 - Agency Information Collection Activities: African Growth and Opportunity Act Certificate of Origin

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-07

    ... Opportunity Act Certificate of Origin AGENCY: U.S. Customs and Border Protection, Department of Homeland... Certificate of Origin (AGOA). This request for comments is being made pursuant to the Paperwork Reduction Act...: Title: African Growth and Opportunity Act Certificate of Origin. OMB Number: 1651-0082. Form...

  3. 77 FR 55478 - Agency Forms Undergoing Paperwork Reduction Act Review

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-10

    ... (DHHS), acting through NCHS, shall collect statistics on the extent and nature of illness and disability... chronic conditions and risk factors related to health such as arthritis, asthma, osteoporosis,...

  4. 76 FR 78924 - Agency Forms Undergoing Paperwork Reduction Act Review

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-20

    ....g., National HIV Behavioral Surveillance System, Medical Monitoring Project) that routinely collect... also include questions about HIV treatment, treatment adherence, sources of care, and medical outcomes... Act Review The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) publishes a list of...

  5. 77 FR 507 - Agency Forms Undergoing Paperwork Reduction Act Review

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-05

    ... century. Professionals in public health, epidemiology, medicine, economics, information science... Act Review The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) publishes a list of information... that allow individuals to apply to fellowships online, track applicant and alumni information....

  6. 77 FR 13607 - Agency Forms Undergoing Paperwork Reduction Act Review

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-07

    ... Modeling and Economic Analysis in Select Communities--New--National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention... other data to predict selected chronic disease outcomes and their associated monetary impacts under... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Agency Forms Undergoing Paperwork...

  7. 78 FR 52532 - Agency Forms Undergoing Paperwork Reduction Act Review

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-23

    ... Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (NCCDPHP), Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC... across the U.S., CDC's National Center on Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion proposes to... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Agency Forms Undergoing Paperwork...

  8. 77 FR 16552 - Agency Information Collection Activities: JADE Act

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-21

    ... agencies. This information collection was previously published in the Federal Register (77 FR 1947) on... the importation of ``Burmese covered articles'' (jadeite, rubies, and articles of jewelry containing jadeite or rubies mined or extracted from Burma), and sets forth conditions for the importation of...

  9. 78 FR 65323 - Agency Forms Undergoing Paperwork Reduction Act Review

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-10-31

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [60Day-14-0338) Agency Forms Undergoing... for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) will publish periodic summaries of proposed projects. To...-- Office on Smoking and Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health...

  10. 78 FR 75921 - Agency Forms Undergoing Paperwork Reduction Act Review

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-13

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Agency Forms Undergoing Paperwork Reduction... Permit to Import Biological Agents, Infectious Substances and Vectors of Human Disease into the United... Biological Agents, Infectious Substances and Vectors of Human Disease into the United States form is used...

  11. 75 FR 67373 - Agency Forms Undergoing Paperwork Reduction Act Review

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-02

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Agency Forms Undergoing Paperwork Reduction... by CDC to importers of etiologic agents, hosts, or vectors of human disease. The revisions to the ``Application for Permit to Import or Transport Etiologic Agents, Hosts, or Vectors of Human Disease...

  12. 76 FR 17867 - Agency Forms Undergoing Paperwork Reduction Act Review

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-31

    ..., Hurricane Katrina made landfall on the coast of the Gulf of Mexico near New Orleans, Louisiana, and became... ever observed in the Gulf of Mexico. Following the initial phase of the response, the Federal Emergency... Individuals Displaced by the Hurricanes Katrina and Rita (Pilot Project)--New--Agency for Toxic Substances...

  13. 77 FR 76045 - Agency Forms Undergoing Paperwork Reduction Act Review

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-26

    ..., clinical and laboratory markers of HIV disease, manifestations of severe HIV disease, and deaths among... disease from HIV diagnosis, to AIDS, the end-stage disease caused by infection with HIV, and death. In... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Agency Forms Undergoing Paperwork...

  14. 77 FR 17063 - Agency Forms Undergoing Paperwork Reduction Act Review

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-23

    ... Surveillance (SHAS) project (0920-0262) and the Adult/Adolescent Spectrum of HIV Disease (ASD). Both projects...-defining opportunistic illnesses and co-morbidities related to HIV disease; the receipt of prophylactic and... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Agency Forms Undergoing Paperwork...

  15. 78 FR 75568 - Agency Forms Undergoing Paperwork Reduction Act Review

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-12

    ...-clinical Environmental and public health professionals at the city, county and state levels Poison Control... professionals and Poison Control Center directors. Individual interviews will allow the agencies to gather in-depth information about state-level response structures and Poison Control Centers. Interviews will...

  16. 78 FR 15368 - Agency Forms Undergoing Paperwork Reduction Act Review

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-11

    ... (CJD), Cyclosporiasis, Dengue, Hantavirus, Kawasaki Syndrome, Legionellosis, Lyme disease, Malaria... Epidemiologist Legionellosis 23 12 20/60 ] Epidemiologist Lyme Disease 52 385 10/60 Epidemiologist Malaria 55 20... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Agency Forms Undergoing Paperwork...

  17. 75 FR 9902 - Agency Forms Undergoing Paperwork Reduction Act Review

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-04

    ..., Legionellosis, Lyme disease, Malaria, Plague, Q Fever, Reye Syndrome, Tickborne Rickettsial Disease, Trichinosis... Lyme Disease 52 385 10/60 Malaria 55 20 15/60 Plague 11 1 20/60 Q Fever 55 1 10/60 Reye Syndrome 50 1... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Agency Forms Undergoing Paperwork...

  18. 78 FR 32252 - Agency Forms Undergoing Paperwork Reduction Act Review

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-29

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Agency Forms Undergoing Paperwork Reduction... result of their exposure to radiation, beryllium, or silica while in the performance of duty for the... been mandated to be in effect until Congress ends the funding. Among other duties, the Department...

  19. 77 FR 47073 - Agency Forms Undergoing Paperwork Reduction Act Review

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-07

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Agency Forms Undergoing Paperwork Reduction... with data from other local, state or national surveillance systems to monitor changes in relevant..., height (i.e., body mass index or BMI), waist circumference, secondhand smoke exposure, and blood...

  20. 76 FR 68465 - Agency Forms Undergoing Paperwork Reduction Act Review

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-04

    ... Comprehensive Cancer Control-- New--National Center on Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (NCCDPHP... cancer prevention and control. In addition, the results may lead to new insights and questions that can... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Agency Forms Undergoing Paperwork...

  1. 77 FR 28881 - Agency Forms Undergoing Paperwork Reduction Act Review

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-16

    ... cervical cancer screening strategy involves administration of both the Pap test and a human papillomavirus... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Agency Forms Undergoing Paperwork...

  2. Designating Additions to the Current List of Tropical Diseases in the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act. Final order.

    PubMed

    2015-08-20

    The Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (the FD&C Act) authorizes the Food and Drug Administration (FDA or Agency) to award priority review vouchers (PRVs) to tropical disease product applicants when the applications meet certain criteria. The FD&C Act lists the diseases that are considered to be tropical diseases for purposes of obtaining PRVs, and also provides for Agency expansion of that list to include other diseases that satisfy the definition of ``tropical diseases'' as set forth in the FD&C Act. FDA has determined that Chagas disease and neurocysticercosis satisfy this definition, and therefore is adding them to the list of designated tropical diseases whose product applications may result in the award of PRVs. Sponsors submitting certain applications for the treatment of Chagas disease and neurocysticercosis may be eligible to receive a PRV if such applications are approved by FDA.

  3. Designating Additions to the Current List of Tropical Diseases in the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act. Final order.

    PubMed

    2015-08-20

    The Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (the FD&C Act) authorizes the Food and Drug Administration (FDA or Agency) to award priority review vouchers (PRVs) to tropical disease product applicants when the applications meet certain criteria. The FD&C Act lists the diseases that are considered to be tropical diseases for purposes of obtaining PRVs, and also provides for Agency expansion of that list to include other diseases that satisfy the definition of ``tropical diseases'' as set forth in the FD&C Act. FDA has determined that Chagas disease and neurocysticercosis satisfy this definition, and therefore is adding them to the list of designated tropical diseases whose product applications may result in the award of PRVs. Sponsors submitting certain applications for the treatment of Chagas disease and neurocysticercosis may be eligible to receive a PRV if such applications are approved by FDA. PMID:26292373

  4. Faculty Agency in Striving University Contexts: Mundane yet Powerful Acts of Agency

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gonzales, Leslie D.

    2015-01-01

    Drawing from Archer's critical realist theory of agency, this paper has two specific aims. First, the cultural and structural features of one "striving" institution are outlined. Then, I illustrate how faculty members asserted agency inside their striving university in ways intended to disrupt the structures and cultures that striving…

  5. 78 FR 70563 - Agency Forms Undergoing Paperwork Reduction Act Review

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-26

    ... Healthy Eating and Active Living--New--National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion... the following topics: community-wide planning efforts for healthy eating and active living, the built... healthy food and healthy eating. Data will be primarily collected using a secure, Web-based survey...

  6. 76 FR 58517 - Agency Forms Undergoing Paperwork Reduction Act Review

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-21

    ... collection requests under review by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) in compliance with the... Officer, Office of Management and Budget, Washington DC or by fax to (202) 395-5806. Written comments...., worker and retail food establishment characteristics). To understand these factors, we need to...

  7. 75 FR 1057 - Sunshine Act; Notice of Agency Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-08

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE... Sunshine Act'' (5 U.S.C. 552b), notice is hereby given that the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation's... (202) 898-7043. Dated: January 5, 2010. Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation. Valerie J....

  8. 77 FR 40887 - Agency Forms Undergoing Paperwork Reduction Act Review

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-11

    ... Act Review The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) publishes a list of information.../2013)-- Revision--National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention (NCHHSTP..., visualization and interpretation of disease information. The objectives of the SSuN Project are (1) To...

  9. 77 FR 17064 - Agency Forms Undergoing Paperwork Reduction Act Review

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-23

    ... that affect the risk of sexually transmitted diseases (STD), including HIV, and the medical care... Act Review The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) publishes a list of information.../ ACF/CB); the ACF's Office of Planning, Research, and Evaluation (OPRE); the CDC's Division of...

  10. 77 FR 76492 - Agency Forms Undergoing Paperwork Reduction Act Review

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-28

    ... health outcomes of those with disabilities. Since the passage of the Early Hearing Detection and Intervention (EHDI) Act, 97% of newborn infants are now screened for hearing loss prior to hospital discharge... this notice. Proposed Project Early Hearing Detection and Intervention- Pediatric Audiology Links...

  11. 75 FR 70929 - Agency Forms Undergoing Paperwork Reduction Act Review

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-19

    ... international network of laboratories that can respond to acts of biological, chemical, or radiological... Network--Existing collection in use without an OMB Control Number (Generic Clearance)--National Center for... Control Number (Generic clearance). The Laboratory Response Network (LRN) was established by...

  12. 78 FR 5456 - Agency Forms Undergoing Paperwork Reduction Act Review

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-25

    ... should be received within 30 days of this notice. Proposed Project Management Information System for... per year using an electronic information system (``Management Information System for Comprehensive... Act Review The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) publishes a list of...

  13. 76 FR 70729 - Agency Forms Undergoing Paperwork Reduction Act Review

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-15

    ... of the ``Learn the Signs. Act Early.'' Campaign in 4 Target Sites,--New--National Center on Birth... autism spectrum disorder in 2006. Today, autism is recognized in many circles as an ``epidemic'' or... spectrum disorder. Early treatment, however, generally relies on the age at which a diagnosis can be...

  14. 75 FR 4568 - Agency Forms Undergoing Paperwork Reduction Act Review

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-28

    ... notice. Proposed Project Registration of Individuals with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) in the... Health Service Act to provide for the establishment of an Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) Registry... individual. Avoiding duplication of registrants due to obtaining records from multiple sources is...

  15. 78 FR 26780 - Agency Forms Undergoing Paperwork Reduction Act Review

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-08

    ... notice. Proposed Project National Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) Registry--Revision (0923-0041... Health Service Act to provide for the establishment of an Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) Registry... from multiple sources is imperative to get accurate estimates of incidence and prevalence, as well...

  16. 77 FR 51808 - Agency Forms Undergoing Paperwork Reduction Act Review

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-27

    ... collected by BioSense 2.0 will reside in a cloud-enabled, Web-based platform that sits in the secure, private Government Cloud and is in compliance with the Federal Information Security Management Act. The... chose to share with CDC when they were recruited to submit data to the BioSense 2.0 cloud...

  17. 76 FR 23818 - Agency Forms Undergoing Paperwork Reduction Act Review

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-28

    ... Description In response to the continued HIV epidemic in our country, CDC has launched Act Against AIDS (AAA... messages among at-risk populations. This study will evaluate the AAA social marketing campaign aimed at... consumers. The study will consist of a quarterly tracking survey of AAA target audiences to measure...

  18. 78 FR 16269 - Agency Forms Undergoing Paperwork Reduction Act Review

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-14

    ... Act Review The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) publishes a list of information... and the National Laboratory Training Network Registration Form, to collect information necessary to... collect information through these forms to (1) grant public health professionals the continuing...

  19. 76 FR 66070 - Agency Forms Undergoing Paperwork Reduction Act Review

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-25

    ... improved quality of life for cancer survivors. Toward this end, the DCPC supports the scientific... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND... Act Review The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) publishes a list of...

  20. 76 FR 75885 - Agency Forms Undergoing Paperwork Reduction Act Review

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-05

    ...- enrollment processes, and the number of inmates with mental illness linked to housing prior to release. NSPHC... Services (DHHS), acting through NCHS, shall collect statistics on the extent and nature of illness and... deliver medical and mental health services, NCHS in partnership with the Bureau of Justice Statistics...

  1. 78 FR 22886 - Agency Forms Undergoing Paperwork Reduction Act Review

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-17

    ... should be received within 30 days of this notice. Proposed Project National Program of Cancer Registries Cancer Surveillance System-- (0920-0469 Reinstatement Exp. 11/30/2012)--National Center for Chronic...). Background and Brief Description In 1992, Congress passed the Cancer Registries Amendment Act,...

  2. 77 FR 27787 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Customs Modernization Act Recordkeeping Requirements

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-11

    ... collection was previously published in the Federal Register (77 FR 13617) on March 7, 2012, allowing for a 60... SECURITY U.S. Customs and Border Protection Agency Information Collection Activities: Customs Modernization Act Recordkeeping Requirements AGENCY: U.S. Customs and Border Protection, Department of...

  3. 76 FR 40723 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Clean Water Act...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-11

    ... AGENCY Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Clean Water Act... is planning to submit a request to renew an existing approved Information Collection Request (ICR) to... of the proposed information collection as described below. DATES: Comments must be submitted on...

  4. 77 FR 64390 - Agency Information Collection (Food Service and Nutritional Care Analysis) Activities Under OMB...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-19

    ... AFFAIRS Agency Information Collection (Food Service and Nutritional Care Analysis) Activities Under OMB....'' SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Title: Food Service and Nutritional Care Analysis, VA Form 10-5387. OMB Control... from advanced food preparation and advanced food delivery systems. All meals served are an...

  5. 78 FR 15031 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Andean Trade Preferences Act

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-08

    ... Preferences Act AGENCY: U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP), Department of Homeland Security. ACTION: 60... the Andean Trade Preferences. This request for comment is being made pursuant to the Paperwork... Preferences Act. OMB Number: 1651-0091. Form Number: CBP Forms 449 and 17. Abstract: This collection...

  6. 5 CFR 293.202 - Records subject to Office or agency Privacy Act regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Privacy Act regulations. 293.202 Section 293.202 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT... Records subject to Office or agency Privacy Act regulations. When the Office of Personnel Management publishes in the Federal Register a notice of system of records for personnel records which are...

  7. Agency elicits body-ownership: proprioceptive drift toward a synchronously acting external proxy.

    PubMed

    Asai, Tomohisa

    2016-05-01

    Awareness of our own bodies (sense of body-ownership) and actions (sense of agency) is fundamental for self-consciousness. In the rubber hand illusion, watching a rubber hand being stroked synchronously as one's own unseen hand is also stroked causes the observer to attribute the rubber hand to their own body. The findings of the series of experiments reported here suggest that body-ownership, measured using proprioceptive drift, is elicited by the external acting proxy that drives the sense of agency. While participants clasped and unclasped their left hand for 60 s, they focused on video feedback on a monitor in front of them. Proprioceptive drift was observed only under the conditions, including synchronized conditions, where the sense of agency for the acting proxy occurred, suggesting an essential interaction between body-ownership and agency.

  8. Federal Agency Liability under the Superfund Act: It Goes Beyond Federal Facilities

    SciTech Connect

    Raymond Takashi Swenson

    2004-02-01

    While many readers of the Federal Facilities Environmental Journal are involved with the performance of Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA) cleanup on Department of Defense and Department of Energy facilities, many may be unfamiliar with the much broader CERCLA liability of federal agencies under other circumstances. This article places the various kinds of federal agency CERCLA liability into that wider context and serves as a lessons learned for environmental managers who want to avoid creating new CERCLA liability for their agencies.

  9. Department of the Interior, Environment, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2010

    THOMAS, 111th Congress

    Rep. Dicks, Norman D. [D-WA-6

    2009-06-23

    10/30/2009 Became Public Law No: 111-88. (TXT | PDF) (All Actions) Notes: Division A is the Department of the Interior, Environment, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2010. Division B is the Further Continuing Appropriations Resolution, 2010, continuing appropriations through 12/18/2009. Tracker: This bill has the status Became LawHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  10. Suggested Guidelines for Local Education Agency Compliance with Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oklahoma State Dept. of Education, Oklahoma City.

    The manual provides suggestions to help local education agencies comply with regulations of Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973. Chapter 1 reviews the general provisions of Section 504 on such topics as program and structural accessibility, transportation, and specific prohibitions. Chapter 2 deals with requirements for employment…

  11. Analysis of U.S. Food and Drug Administration food allergen recalls after implementation of the food allergen labeling and consumer protection act.

    PubMed

    Gendel, Steven M; Zhu, Jianmei

    2013-11-01

    To avoid potentially life-threatening reactions, food allergic consumers rely on information on food labels to help them avoid exposure to a food or ingredient that could trigger a reaction. To help consumers in the United States obtain the information that they need, the Food Allergen Labeling and Consumer Protection Act of 2004 defined a major food allergen as being one of eight foods or food groups and any ingredient that contains protein from one of these foods or food groups. A food that contains an undeclared major food allergen is misbranded under the U.S. Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act and is subject to recall. Food allergen labeling problems are the most common cause of recalls for U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-regulated food products. To help understand why food allergen recalls continue to occur at a high rate, information on each food allergen recall that occurred in fiscal years 2007 through 2012 was obtained from the FDA recall database. This information was analyzed to identify the food, allergen, root cause, and mode of discovery for each food allergen recall. Bakery products were the most frequently recalled food type, and milk was the most frequently undeclared major food allergen. Use of the wrong package or label was the most frequent problem leading to food allergen recalls. These data are the first reported that indicate the importance of label and package controls as public health measures.

  12. 21 CFR 21.20 - Procedures for notice of Food and Drug Administration Privacy Act Record Systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Procedures for notice of Food and Drug Administration Privacy Act Record Systems. 21.20 Section 21.20 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION... Act Record Systems § 21.20 Procedures for notice of Food and Drug Administration Privacy Act...

  13. 21 CFR 21.20 - Procedures for notice of Food and Drug Administration Privacy Act Record Systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Procedures for notice of Food and Drug Administration Privacy Act Record Systems. 21.20 Section 21.20 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION... Act Record Systems § 21.20 Procedures for notice of Food and Drug Administration Privacy Act...

  14. 78 FR 11651 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Manufactured Food...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-19

    ... of information technology. Manufactured Food Regulatory Program Standards--(OMB Control Number 0910-0601)--Extension In the Federal Register of July 20, 2006 (71 FR 41221), FDA announced the availability... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Agency Information Collection Activities;...

  15. 3 CFR - Designation of Officials of the Court Services and Offender Supervision Agency to Act as Director

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 3 The President 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Designation of Officials of the Court Services and Offender Supervision Agency to Act as Director Presidential Documents Other Presidential Documents Memorandum of August 17, 2010 Designation of Officials of the Court Services and Offender Supervision Agency to Act as Director Memorandum for...

  16. 75 FR 43160 - Clean Water Act Section 303(d): Final Agency Action on One Arkansas Total Maximum Daily Load (TMDL)

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-23

    ... AGENCY Clean Water Act Section 303(d): Final Agency Action on One Arkansas Total Maximum Daily Load (TMDL... Arkansas, under section 303(d) of the Clean Water Act (CWA). This TMDL was completed in response to the.../region6/water/npdes/tmdl/index.htm . FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Diane Smith at (214) 665-2145....

  17. 28 CFR 58.15 - Procedures all approved agencies shall follow when applying for approval to act as an approved...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Procedures all approved agencies shall follow when applying for approval to act as an approved agency for an additional one year period. 58.15... complying with all the requirements specified for agencies under 11 U.S.C. 109(h) and 111, and under...

  18. 21 CFR 20.108 - Agreements between the Food and Drug Administration and other departments, agencies, and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... Food and Drug Administration Web site at http://www.fda.gov once finalized. (c) Agreements and... 21 Food and Drugs 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Agreements between the Food and Drug Administration and other departments, agencies, and organizations. 20.108 Section 20.108 Food and Drugs FOOD...

  19. 21 CFR 20.108 - Agreements between the Food and Drug Administration and other departments, agencies, and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... Food and Drug Administration Web site at http://www.fda.gov once finalized. (c) Agreements and... 21 Food and Drugs 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Agreements between the Food and Drug Administration and other departments, agencies, and organizations. 20.108 Section 20.108 Food and Drugs FOOD...

  20. 21 CFR 20.108 - Agreements between the Food and Drug Administration and other departments, agencies, and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Agreements between the Food and Drug Administration and other departments, agencies, and organizations. 20.108 Section 20.108 Food and Drugs FOOD AND... Specific Categories of Records § 20.108 Agreements between the Food and Drug Administration and...

  1. 76 FR 40873 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection; Comment Request-Food Distribution...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-12

    ... Reservations (FDPIR): Amendments Related to the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 published in 76 FR... information technology. Comments may be sent to: Laura Castro, Branch Chief, Policy Branch, Food Distribution... information or copies of this information collection should be directed to Laura Castro at...

  2. 78 FR 46966 - Food Safety Modernization Act Domestic and Foreign Facility Reinspection, Recall, and Importer...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-02

    ... FR 45639). Utilizing the method set forth in section 736(c)(1) of the FD&C Act, FDA has calculated an... Cosmetic Act (the FD&C Act), as amended by the FDA Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA). These fees are... to the FD&C Act (21 U.S.C. 379j-31) to provide FDA with the authority to assess and collect fees...

  3. 21 CFR 868.9 - Limitations of exemptions from section 510(k) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (the act).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Limitations of exemptions from section 510(k) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (the act). 868.9 Section 868.9 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES ANESTHESIOLOGY...

  4. 21 CFR 868.9 - Limitations of exemptions from section 510(k) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (the act).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Limitations of exemptions from section 510(k) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (the act). 868.9 Section 868.9 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES ANESTHESIOLOGY...

  5. 21 CFR 868.9 - Limitations of exemptions from section 510(k) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (the act).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Limitations of exemptions from section 510(k) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (the act). 868.9 Section 868.9 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES ANESTHESIOLOGY...

  6. 21 CFR 868.9 - Limitations of exemptions from section 510(k) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (the act).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Limitations of exemptions from section 510(k) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (the act). 868.9 Section 868.9 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES ANESTHESIOLOGY...

  7. 21 CFR 874.9 - Limitations of exemptions from section 510(k) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (the act).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Limitations of exemptions from section 510(k) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (the act). 874.9 Section 874.9 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES EAR, NOSE, AND THROAT...

  8. 21 CFR 874.9 - Limitations of exemptions from section 510(k) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (the act).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Limitations of exemptions from section 510(k) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (the act). 874.9 Section 874.9 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES EAR, NOSE, AND THROAT...

  9. 21 CFR 874.9 - Limitations of exemptions from section 510(k) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (the act).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Limitations of exemptions from section 510(k) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (the act). 874.9 Section 874.9 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES EAR, NOSE, AND THROAT...

  10. 21 CFR 866.9 - Limitations of exemptions from section 510(k) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (the act).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Limitations of exemptions from section 510(k) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (the act). 866.9 Section 866.9 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES IMMUNOLOGY AND...

  11. 21 CFR 866.9 - Limitations of exemptions from section 510(k) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (the act).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Limitations of exemptions from section 510(k) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (the act). 866.9 Section 866.9 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES IMMUNOLOGY AND...

  12. 21 CFR 866.9 - Limitations of exemptions from section 510(k) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (the act).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Limitations of exemptions from section 510(k) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (the act). 866.9 Section 866.9 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES IMMUNOLOGY AND...

  13. 21 CFR 866.9 - Limitations of exemptions from section 510(k) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (the act).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Limitations of exemptions from section 510(k) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (the act). 866.9 Section 866.9 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES IMMUNOLOGY AND...

  14. 21 CFR 866.9 - Limitations of exemptions from section 510(k) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (the act).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Limitations of exemptions from section 510(k) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (the act). 866.9 Section 866.9 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES IMMUNOLOGY AND...

  15. 21 CFR 878.9 - Limitations of exemptions from section 510(k) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (the act).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Limitations of exemptions from section 510(k) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (the act). 878.9 Section 878.9 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GENERAL AND PLASTIC...

  16. 21 CFR 878.9 - Limitations of exemptions from section 510(k) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (the act).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Limitations of exemptions from section 510(k) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (the act). 878.9 Section 878.9 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GENERAL AND PLASTIC...

  17. 21 CFR 878.9 - Limitations of exemptions from section 510(k) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (the act).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Limitations of exemptions from section 510(k) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (the act). 878.9 Section 878.9 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GENERAL AND PLASTIC...

  18. 21 CFR 878.9 - Limitations of exemptions from section 510(k) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (the act).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Limitations of exemptions from section 510(k) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (the act). 878.9 Section 878.9 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GENERAL AND PLASTIC...

  19. What's in a name: the Vermont Genetically Engineered Food Labeling Act

    PubMed Central

    McPherson, Malia J.

    2014-01-01

    On May 8, 2014, Vermont passed the Vermont Genetically Engineered Food Labeling Act (Act) requiring labels on certain genetically engineered foods. Once the bill takes effect July 1, 2016, all Vermont-retailed foods with more than 0.9% of their total weight in genetically modified ingredients must be labeled with language stating, “may be partially produced with genetic engineering.” As genetically engineered food are considered scientifically equivalent to their traditional counterparts and are not subject to federal labeling by the FDA, the Act presents several legal questions. Several of the legal questions have been raised in a recent lawsuit filed by the Grocery Manufactures Association that claims the Act violates the First Amendment, Supremacy Clause, and Commerce Clause. This paper will discuss why the Second Circuit could strike down the Act as unconstitutional as to each claim. PMID:27774175

  20. The success of the citizen suit: protecting consumers from inaccurate food labeling by amending the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act.

    PubMed

    Springer, James

    2013-01-01

    The Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act ("FDCA"), amended in 1990 by the Nutrition Education and Labeling Act ("NLEA"), established a national framework for the administration and promulgation of uniform food labeling standards. Specifically, the NLEA created affirmative obligations for the food--requiring detailed disclosure of food content and strict adherence to regulations governing the use of health and nutritional claims on food packaging. To accomplish these goals, Congress tasked the Food and Drug Administration ("FDA") with the sole responsibility of the enforcement of these new requirements. Under the statutory framework of the FDCA, the United States Supreme Court ("Court") has held that there is no private right of action, of which extended to the enforcement of NLEA standards. This interpretation has left individuals with no federal outlet for relief in the enforcement of federal food labeling standards. Adherence to this interpretation is especially concerning when the FDA currently faces exponential growth in administrative responsibilities while simultaneously experiencing employment reduction, a $206 million "Sequester," and a recent government-wide shutdown. As a result, the American people are left to depend on an Agency that is struggling with drastic resource reduction while being accountable for ever increasing enforcement responsibilities. To ensure consumer protection, this Article argues that Congress should amend the FDCA to include a citizen suit provision in order to provide individuals with a right of private action for the enforcement of NLEA standards. Borrowing from the successes realized under similar citizen suit provisions found in environmental legislation, this Article argues that a citizen suit provision is amendable to the FDCA and would relieve fiscal pressures, strengthen the current enforcement framework of the FDCA, encourage more robust enforcement by the FDA and states, and ensure uniform interpretation of NLEA

  1. The success of the citizen suit: protecting consumers from inaccurate food labeling by amending the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act.

    PubMed

    Springer, James

    2013-01-01

    The Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act ("FDCA"), amended in 1990 by the Nutrition Education and Labeling Act ("NLEA"), established a national framework for the administration and promulgation of uniform food labeling standards. Specifically, the NLEA created affirmative obligations for the food--requiring detailed disclosure of food content and strict adherence to regulations governing the use of health and nutritional claims on food packaging. To accomplish these goals, Congress tasked the Food and Drug Administration ("FDA") with the sole responsibility of the enforcement of these new requirements. Under the statutory framework of the FDCA, the United States Supreme Court ("Court") has held that there is no private right of action, of which extended to the enforcement of NLEA standards. This interpretation has left individuals with no federal outlet for relief in the enforcement of federal food labeling standards. Adherence to this interpretation is especially concerning when the FDA currently faces exponential growth in administrative responsibilities while simultaneously experiencing employment reduction, a $206 million "Sequester," and a recent government-wide shutdown. As a result, the American people are left to depend on an Agency that is struggling with drastic resource reduction while being accountable for ever increasing enforcement responsibilities. To ensure consumer protection, this Article argues that Congress should amend the FDCA to include a citizen suit provision in order to provide individuals with a right of private action for the enforcement of NLEA standards. Borrowing from the successes realized under similar citizen suit provisions found in environmental legislation, this Article argues that a citizen suit provision is amendable to the FDCA and would relieve fiscal pressures, strengthen the current enforcement framework of the FDCA, encourage more robust enforcement by the FDA and states, and ensure uniform interpretation of NLEA

  2. 21 CFR 20.108 - Agreements between the Food and Drug Administration and other departments, agencies, and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Agreements between the Food and Drug Administration and other departments, agencies, and organizations. 20.108 Section 20.108 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL PUBLIC INFORMATION Availability of Specific Categories of Records §...

  3. Nutrition Health Promotion in Schools in the UK: Learning from Food Standards Agency Funded Schools Research

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Woolfe, Jennifer; Stockley, Lynn

    2005-01-01

    Objective: To test the feasibility and effectiveness of dietary change interventions in UK school-based settings. This overview draws out the main lessons that were learnt from these studies, for both practitioners and researchers. Design: A review and analysis of the final reports from five studies commissioned by the Food Standards Agency.…

  4. The Food Safety Modernization Act: a barrier to trade? Only if the science says so.

    PubMed

    McNeill, Naomi

    2012-01-01

    The Food Safety Modernization Act improves oversight of America's food safety system. Title III, which regulates imported food, may create extra burdens for importers and therefore act as a barrier to trade. What will be on trial before the World Trade Organization (WTO), however, is not the law's content, but the science supporting it. Under the WTO regime, food safety laws that could restrict the free movement of food commodities must be sufficiently justified by scientific evidence. Member states must engage in risk assessments and regulate food imports in a manner that is "no more restrictive than necessary" to protect against the health risks identified by scientific evidence. This article examines the requirements of the WTO to evaluate the FSMA's legality under WTO rules. It analyzes the case law of the WTO Panel and Appellate Body and compares the FMSA to the EU's General Food Law.

  5. 45 CFR 90.43 - What specific responsibilities do agencies and recipients have to ensure compliance with the Act?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...? (a) Written notice, technical assistance, and educational materials. Each agency shall: (1) Provide..., where necessary, to recipients to aid them in complying with the Act. (3) Make available educational...-evaluation. (1) Each agency shall require each recipient employing the equivalent of 15 or more full...

  6. American Indian Religious Freedom Act: guidance for compliance by federal agencies

    SciTech Connect

    Sharples, F.E.; Salk, M.S.

    1985-05-01

    The American Indian Religious Freedom Act of 1978 (AIRFA) requires federal agencies to ensure that none of their actions interfere with the inherent right of individual Native Americans (including American Indians, Eskimos, Aleuts, and Native Hawaiians) to believe, express, and exercise their traditional religions. These rights include access to religious sites, use and possession of sacred objects, and the freedom to worship through traditional ceremonials and rites. Since regulations have not been developed to implement the law, many federal agencies have integrated consultation under AIRFA with the existing environmental assessment process required for compliance with the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (NEPA). Background information on Native American religions, the relationship of AIRFA to the First Amendment, and resources belonging to Native Americans is provided in this document to assist project managers in understanding the concerns of Native Americans with regard to federal developments. Since many native religious leaders are unwilling to discuss their religion with outsiders, consultation through intermediaries, such as tribal political leaders and/or private Indian organizations, may often be needed to ensure that appropriate input is received from the religious leaders. It is this consultation with the traditional religious leaders, either directly or through surrogates, that is the ultimate objective in complying with AIRFA. When a federal agency finds, upon consultation, that its proposed action would deny the free exercise of religion and yet determines that there is a compelling need for the action, the decision to proceed may be made, but appropriate mitigation measures to reduce religious interference to the lowest possible level must be included. 28 refs.

  7. 21 CFR 1310.11 - Reinstatement of exemption for drug products distributed under the Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 9 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Reinstatement of exemption for drug products distributed under the Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act. 1310.11 Section 1310.11 Food and Drugs DRUG ENFORCEMENT... Reinstatement of exemption for drug products distributed under the Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act. (a)...

  8. 21 CFR 1310.10 - Removal of the exemption of drugs distributed under the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 9 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Removal of the exemption of drugs distributed under the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act. 1310.10 Section 1310.10 Food and Drugs DRUG ENFORCEMENT... Removal of the exemption of drugs distributed under the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act. (a)...

  9. 21 CFR 1310.10 - Removal of the exemption of drugs distributed under the Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 9 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Removal of the exemption of drugs distributed under the Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act. 1310.10 Section 1310.10 Food and Drugs DRUG ENFORCEMENT... Removal of the exemption of drugs distributed under the Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act. (a) The...

  10. 21 CFR 1310.11 - Reinstatement of exemption for drug products distributed under the Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 9 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Reinstatement of exemption for drug products distributed under the Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act. 1310.11 Section 1310.11 Food and Drugs DRUG ENFORCEMENT... Reinstatement of exemption for drug products distributed under the Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act. (a)...

  11. 76 FR 46350 - Agency Self-Evaluation Under Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973; Public Forums on...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-02

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION Agency Self-Evaluation Under Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973; Public Forums on... our policies and practices supporting Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973. Section...

  12. 59 FR- Food Stamp Program: Certification Provisions of the Mickey Leland Childhood Hunger Relief Act...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    1994-08-30

    ... Parents Participating in Drug or Alcohol Treatment Programs Under section 3(i) of the Food Stamp Act, food... children living with residents of alcohol or drug treatment centers are not eligible if the center provides... regulation, there have been changes in some drug and alcohol treatment centers' policy regarding addicts...

  13. An analysis of the FDA Food Safety Modernization Act: protection for consumers and boon for business.

    PubMed

    Strauss, Debra M

    2011-01-01

    This article analyzes components of the FDA Food Safety Modernization Act, which was prompted by incidents of food contamination, exploring the history of its passage and explaining its significance, as well as its limitations. As the first time in 70 years that food law has been changed substantially, this new law represents only an initial but significant step in the direction of improving food safety. With bipartisan support from both Congress and the President, this legislation embodies a mandate that food safety is at this moment becoming a priority. As a result, the time is ripe for a reassessment of other areas of food laws--particularly genetically modified foods and the use of milk and meat from cloned animals and their progeny--which are allowed under current U.S. law with no labeling, preapprovals, or post-market monitoring. These areas warrant special regulation consistent with the new proactive policy towards securing the safety of the food supply.

  14. Provisions of the Food Security Act of 1985. Agricultural Information Bulletin Number 498.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Glaser, Lewrene K.

    This report summarizes the 18 titles of the Food Security Act of 1985 and compares it with previous legislation where applicable. It describes the act's provisions for dairy; wool and mohair; wheat; feed grains; cotton; rice; peanuts; soybeans; sugar; other general commodity provisions; trade; conservation; credit; agricultural research,…

  15. Central transthyretin acts to decrease food intake and body weight

    PubMed Central

    Zheng, Fenping; Kim, Yonwook J.; Moran, Timothy H.; Li, Hong; Bi, Sheng

    2016-01-01

    Transthyretin (TTR) is a blood and cerebrospinal fluid transporter of thyroxine and retinol. Gene expression profiling revealed an elevation of Ttr expression in the dorsomedial hypothalamus (DMH) of rats with exercise-induced anorexia, implying that central TTR may also play a functional role in modulating food intake and energy balance. To test this hypothesis, we have examined the effects of brain TTR on food intake and body weight and have further determined hypothalamic signaling that may underlie its feeding effect in rats. We found that intracerebroventricular (icv) administration of TTR in normal growing rats decreased food intake and body weight. This effect was not due to sickness as icv TTR did not cause a conditioned taste aversion. ICV TTR decreased neuropeptide Y (NPY) levels in the DMH and the paraventricular nucleus (P < 0.05). Chronic icv infusion of TTR in Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty rats reversed hyperphagia and obesity and reduced DMH NPY levels. Overall, these results demonstrate a previously unknown anorectic action of central TTR in the control of energy balance, providing a potential novel target for treating obesity and its comorbidities. PMID:27053000

  16. [Food safety and animal diseases. The French Food Safety Agency, from mad cow disease to bird flu].

    PubMed

    Keck, Frédéric

    2008-01-01

    Why has the French food safety agency been particularly mobilized on zoonoses like bovine spongiform encephalopathy ("mad cow disease") or highly pathogenic avian influenza ("bird flu") ? Because sanitary crisis make explicit an ambivalent relationship between humans and animals (animals being perceived alternatively as providers of goods and as bearers of threats), and to the circulation of life in general (the contaminated blood crises being due to the rapprochement of blood giving and blood receiving). The sociology of risks needs therefore to reintegrate the idea of an intention of the risk bearer (risk with enemy), and the sociology of alimentation needs to reintegrate the analysis of the conditions of production. Mad cow disease is the paradigmatic food safety crisis because it brings together the poles of production and consumption, of animals and humans. It therefore belongs to anthropology. PMID:18198116

  17. [Food safety and animal diseases. The French Food Safety Agency, from mad cow disease to bird flu].

    PubMed

    Keck, Frédéric

    2008-01-01

    Why has the French food safety agency been particularly mobilized on zoonoses like bovine spongiform encephalopathy ("mad cow disease") or highly pathogenic avian influenza ("bird flu") ? Because sanitary crisis make explicit an ambivalent relationship between humans and animals (animals being perceived alternatively as providers of goods and as bearers of threats), and to the circulation of life in general (the contaminated blood crises being due to the rapprochement of blood giving and blood receiving). The sociology of risks needs therefore to reintegrate the idea of an intention of the risk bearer (risk with enemy), and the sociology of alimentation needs to reintegrate the analysis of the conditions of production. Mad cow disease is the paradigmatic food safety crisis because it brings together the poles of production and consumption, of animals and humans. It therefore belongs to anthropology.

  18. 78 FR 69861 - Privacy Act of 1974; Department of Homeland Security, Federal Emergency Management Agency...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-21

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND... Management Agency, Federal Government--001 National Defense Executive Reserve System of Records AGENCY.../Federal Emergency Management Agency/Federal Government--001 National Defense Executive Reserve System...

  19. 78 FR 23940 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Announcement of Office of Management and Budget...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-23

    ... Tobacco Products and Tobacco Smoke Under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act AGENCY: Food and Drug... Products and Tobacco Smoke Under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act'' has been approved by the Office..., Drug, and Cosmetic Act'' to OMB for review and clearance under 44 U.S.C. 3507. An Agency may...

  20. 75 FR 25830 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection; Comment Request, Supplemental...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-10

    ... Food and Nutrition Service Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection; Comment Request, Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program Regulations, Part 275--Quality Control AGENCY: Food and Nutrition Service, USDA. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: As required by the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995,...

  1. 75 FR 54295 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection; Comment Request-Evaluation of SNAP...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-07

    ...; ] DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Food and Nutrition Service Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection; Comment Request--Evaluation of SNAP Nutrition Education Practices Study AGENCY: Food and Nutrition Service (FNS), USDA. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: In accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act...

  2. 76 FR 60501 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for Office of Management and Budget Review...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-29

    ...; Administrative Procedures, Policies, and Requirements AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION: Notice... Drug Marketing Act of 1987; Administrative Procedures, Policies, and Requirements--21 CFR Part 203... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission...

  3. Industry invites regulation: the passage of the Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906.

    PubMed

    Barkan, I D

    1985-01-01

    Ending its 27-year stranglehold on proposals for federal pure food and drug legislation, Congress passed the Pure Food and Drug Act and its companion bill, the Meat Inspection Act, on June 30, 1906. An unprecedented convergence of consumer, scientific, and industrial support in 1906 prompted such action; most industries even planned for it, hoping regulation would restore the competitiveness of their products on weak foreign and domestic markets. The ways in which these interests converged, and the reasons therefore, suggest a change in their relationships to each other and with the federal government as America headed into the twentieth century. PMID:3881052

  4. Industry invites regulation: the passage of the Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906.

    PubMed Central

    Barkan, I D

    1985-01-01

    Ending its 27-year stranglehold on proposals for federal pure food and drug legislation, Congress passed the Pure Food and Drug Act and its companion bill, the Meat Inspection Act, on June 30, 1906. An unprecedented convergence of consumer, scientific, and industrial support in 1906 prompted such action; most industries even planned for it, hoping regulation would restore the competitiveness of their products on weak foreign and domestic markets. The ways in which these interests converged, and the reasons therefore, suggest a change in their relationships to each other and with the federal government as America headed into the twentieth century. Images p21-a p21-b PMID:3881052

  5. 77 FR 25127 - Food and Nutrition Service

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-27

    ... Food and Nutrition Service Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection; Comment...-SNAP) AGENCY: Food and Nutrition Service, USDA. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: In accordance with the... Relief and Emergency Assistance Act and Section 5(h) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008, which...

  6. 76 FR 56758 - Sunshine Act Meeting; Notice of Matters To Be Added to the Agenda for Consideration at an Agency...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-14

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION Sunshine Act Meeting; Notice of Matters To Be Added to the Agenda for Consideration at an Agency... hereby given that the following matters will be added to the ``discussion agenda'' for consideration...

  7. 78 FR 64025 - Sunshine Act Meeting Notice; Matter Added to the Agenda for Consideration at an Agency Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-10-25

    ... ADMINISTRATION Sunshine Act Meeting Notice; Matter Added to the Agenda for Consideration at an Agency Meeting FEDERAL REGISTER CITATION OF PREVIOUS ANNOUNCEMENT: October 21, 2013 (78 FR 62364). TIME AND DATE: 10:00 a...'' notice is hereby given that the NCUA Board gave notice on October 21, 2013 (78 FR 62364) of the...

  8. 45 CFR 90.42 - What responsibilities do recipients and agencies have generally to ensure compliance with the Act?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false What responsibilities do recipients and agencies have generally to ensure compliance with the Act? 90.42 Section 90.42 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF AGE IN PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES RECEIVING FEDERAL FINANCIAL...

  9. Home Health Care Agency Staffing Patterns before and after the Balanced Budget Act of 1997, by Rural and Urban Location

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McAuley, William J.; Spector, William; Van Nostrand, Joan

    2008-01-01

    Context: The Balanced Budget Act (BBA) of 1997 and other recent policies have led to reduced Medicare funding for home health agencies (HHAs) and visits per beneficiary. Purpose: We examine the staffing characteristics of stable Medicare-certified HHAs across rural and urban counties from 1996 to 2002, a period encompassing the changes associated…

  10. 75 FR 18834 - Sunshine Act; Notice of a Matter To Be Deferred From the Agenda for Consideration at an Agency...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-13

    ... CORPORATION Sunshine Act; Notice of a Matter To Be Deferred From the Agenda for Consideration at an Agency... hereby given that the following matter will be deferred from the ``Discussion Agenda'' at the open meeting of the Board of Directors of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation scheduled to be held at...

  11. 75 FR 28073 - Sunshine Act; Notice of Matter To Be Deleted From the Agenda of a Previously Announced Agency...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-19

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office NATIONAL CREDIT UNION ADMINISTRATION Sunshine Act; Notice of Matter To Be Deleted From the Agenda of a Previously Announced Agency... Duke Street, Alexandria, VA 22314-3428. STATUS: Closed. MATTER TO BE DELETED: 1. Member Business...

  12. Professional Networks among Rural School Food Service Directors Implementing the Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lubker Cornish, Disa; Askelson, Natoshia M.; Golembiewski, Elizabeth H.

    2015-01-01

    Purpose/Objectives: This study was designed to explore the professional networks of rural school food service directors (FSD), the resources they use for implementing the Healthy, Hunger-free Kids Act of 2010 (HHFKA), and their needs for information and support to continue to implement successfully. Methods: Rural FSD participated in an in-depth…

  13. EVALUATION OF A PROTOCOL FOR DRINKING WATER TREATMENT DATA REQUIRED BY THE FOOD QUALITY PROTECTION ACT

    EPA Science Inventory

    Under the Food Quality Protection Act (FQPA), the USEPA Office of Pesticide Programs (OPP) considers drinking water as a route for pesticide exposure in its human health risk assessments, and may require data on the fate of a pesticide in drinking water be supplied to OPP by the ...

  14. 78 FR 10107 - Food and Drug Administration Food Safety Modernization Act: Proposed Rules To Establish Standards...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-13

    ..., December 18, 1995) and for juice (21 CFR part 120) in 2001 (66 FR 6138, January 19, 2001). Similarly, in... Good Manufacturing Practice and Hazard Analysis and Risk-Based Preventive Controls for Human Food... human consumption (the produce safety proposed rule) and for current good manufacturing practice...

  15. Demystifying the U.S. Food and Drug Administration: I. Understanding agency structure and function.

    PubMed

    Levi, Benjamin; Lisiecki, Jeffrey; Rubin, Peter; D'Amico, Richard A; Hume, Keith M; Seward, Bill; Cederna, Paul S

    2014-06-01

    The U.S. Food and Drug Administration is the government agency responsible for oversight of the safety and efficacy of pharmaceuticals and devices, including biologics and devices that combine biologics with other materials. Within the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, the Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research is specifically responsible for the evaluation and approval of biological products. This department of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration has a series of mechanisms in place to aid researchers in the process of developing new biologics. This article outlines the study phases involved in developing new biologics and how the Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research and investigators can work together to facilitate this process. It also discusses issues specific to biologics that have been encountered in the past and that investigators should consider when developing and obtaining approval for new biologics. The equivalent center within the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for approving medical devices is the Center for Devices and Radiological Health. The equivalent process of development and approval of medical devices is similarly discussed. Finally, essential contacts for investigators within the Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research and the Center for Devices and Radiological Health are provided.

  16. The Implementation of the Food Safety Modernization Act and the Strength of the Sustainable Agriculture Movement.

    PubMed

    Wiseman, Samuel R

    2015-01-01

    In the wake of growing public concerns over salmonella outbreaks and other highly publicized food safety issues, Congress passed the FDA Food Safety Modernization Act in 2011, which placed more stringent standards on food growing and packaging operations. In negotiations preceding the Act's passage, farmers of local, sustainable food argued that these rules would unduly burden local agricultural operations or, at the extreme, drive them out of business by creating overly burdensome rules. These objections culminated in the addition of the Tester-Hagan Amendment to the Food Safety Modernization Act, which created certain exemptions for small farms. Proposed Food and Drug Administration (FDA) rules to implement the Act threatened to weaken this victory for small farm groups, however, prompting a loud response from small farmers and local food proponents. The FDA's second set of proposed rules, issued in September 2014 in response to these and other complaints, were, perhaps surprisingly, responsive to small farmers' concerns. Using comments submitted to the FDA, this article explores the responses of the agriculture industry and public health organizations, as well as small farm groups, consumers of local food, and sustainable agriculture interests (which, for simplicity, I alternately describe as comprising the "sustainable agriculture" or "small farm" movement), to three aspects of the FDA's proposed rules--involving manure application, on-farm packing activities, and exemptions for very small farms--to assess the strength of the sustainable agriculture movement. The rules involving manure application and on-farm packing, it turns out, reveal little about the independent political strength of the local food movement, as large industry groups also objected to these provisions. But for the third issue discussed here--exemptions for very small farms--the interests of sustainable agriculture groups were directly opposed to both industry and public health organizations

  17. The Implementation of the Food Safety Modernization Act and the Strength of the Sustainable Agriculture Movement.

    PubMed

    Wiseman, Samuel R

    2015-01-01

    In the wake of growing public concerns over salmonella outbreaks and other highly publicized food safety issues, Congress passed the FDA Food Safety Modernization Act in 2011, which placed more stringent standards on food growing and packaging operations. In negotiations preceding the Act's passage, farmers of local, sustainable food argued that these rules would unduly burden local agricultural operations or, at the extreme, drive them out of business by creating overly burdensome rules. These objections culminated in the addition of the Tester-Hagan Amendment to the Food Safety Modernization Act, which created certain exemptions for small farms. Proposed Food and Drug Administration (FDA) rules to implement the Act threatened to weaken this victory for small farm groups, however, prompting a loud response from small farmers and local food proponents. The FDA's second set of proposed rules, issued in September 2014 in response to these and other complaints, were, perhaps surprisingly, responsive to small farmers' concerns. Using comments submitted to the FDA, this article explores the responses of the agriculture industry and public health organizations, as well as small farm groups, consumers of local food, and sustainable agriculture interests (which, for simplicity, I alternately describe as comprising the "sustainable agriculture" or "small farm" movement), to three aspects of the FDA's proposed rules--involving manure application, on-farm packing activities, and exemptions for very small farms--to assess the strength of the sustainable agriculture movement. The rules involving manure application and on-farm packing, it turns out, reveal little about the independent political strength of the local food movement, as large industry groups also objected to these provisions. But for the third issue discussed here--exemptions for very small farms--the interests of sustainable agriculture groups were directly opposed to both industry and public health organizations

  18. 76 FR 20686 - Draft Guidance for Industry on Safety Labeling Changes; Implementation of the Federal Food, Drug...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-13

    ...; Implementation of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act; Availability AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration...) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act.'' The Food and Drug Administration Amendments Act of 2007 (FDAAA) added new provisions to the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (the FD&C...

  19. 78 FR 43261 - Transportation Infrastructure Financing and Innovation Act (TIFIA) Program; Agency Information...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-19

    ... Office of the Secretary of Transportation Transportation Infrastructure Financing and Innovation Act... for the Transportation Infrastructure Financing and Innovation Act (TIFIA) program to pay the subsidy....gov . SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Title: Transportation Infrastructure Financing and Innovation...

  20. 40 CFR 2.308 - Special rules governing certain information obtained under the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... information obtained under the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act. 2.308 Section 2.308 Protection of... § 2.308 Special rules governing certain information obtained under the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic... Cosmetic Act, as amended, 21 U.S.C. 301 et seq. (2) Petition means a petition for the issuance of...

  1. 40 CFR 23.10 - Timing of Administrator's action under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Timing of Administrator's action under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act. 23.10 Section 23.10 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL... action under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act. Unless the Administrator otherwise...

  2. 40 CFR 23.10 - Timing of Administrator's action under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Timing of Administrator's action under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act. 23.10 Section 23.10 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL... action under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act. Unless the Administrator otherwise...

  3. 40 CFR 23.10 - Timing of Administrator's action under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Timing of Administrator's action under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act. 23.10 Section 23.10 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL... action under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act. Unless the Administrator otherwise...

  4. 40 CFR 23.10 - Timing of Administrator's action under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Timing of Administrator's action under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act. 23.10 Section 23.10 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL... action under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act. Unless the Administrator otherwise...

  5. 40 CFR 2.308 - Special rules governing certain information obtained under the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... information obtained under the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act. 2.308 Section 2.308 Protection of... § 2.308 Special rules governing certain information obtained under the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic... Cosmetic Act, as amended, 21 U.S.C. 301 et seq. (2) Petition means a petition for the issuance of...

  6. 40 CFR 2.308 - Special rules governing certain information obtained under the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... information obtained under the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act. 2.308 Section 2.308 Protection of... § 2.308 Special rules governing certain information obtained under the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic... Cosmetic Act, as amended, 21 U.S.C. 301 et seq. (2) Petition means a petition for the issuance of...

  7. 40 CFR 2.308 - Special rules governing certain information obtained under the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... information obtained under the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act. 2.308 Section 2.308 Protection of... § 2.308 Special rules governing certain information obtained under the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic... Cosmetic Act, as amended, 21 U.S.C. 301 et seq. (2) Petition means a petition for the issuance of...

  8. 40 CFR 23.10 - Timing of Administrator's action under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Timing of Administrator's action under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act. 23.10 Section 23.10 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL... action under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act. Unless the Administrator otherwise...

  9. 76 FR 72712 - Agency Emergency Processing Under the Office of Management and Budget Review; Submission for...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-25

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Agency Emergency Processing Under the Office of Management and Budget Review; Submission for Office of Management and Budget Review; Comment Request; Food and Drug Administration Food Safety Modernization Act: Economic Hardship Fee Reduction Guidance...

  10. Acting as Accountable Authors: Creating Interactional Spaces for Agency Work in Teacher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lipponen, Lasse; Kumpulainen, Kristiina

    2011-01-01

    In this paper, relying on the sociocultural framework of learning, we report on the results of an ethnographically-grounded investigation of agency work among nine pre-service teachers: The main objective is to determine how agency emerges and is constructed in situated discourse practices within the context of a teacher education program embedded…

  11. 76 FR 19107 - Privacy Act of 1974; Department of Homeland Security Federal Emergency Management Agency-011...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-06

    ... Registration Records system of records (October 5, 2004, 69 FR 192) into this system of records. This newly... Registration Records system of records (October 5, 2004, 69 FR 192) into the this system of records... Management Agency--011 Training and Exercise Program Records System of Records AGENCY: Privacy Office,...

  12. Privacy Act. Federal Agencies' Implementation Can Be Improved. Report to the Chairman, Subcommittee on Government Information, Justice, and Agriculture, Committee on Government Operations, House of Representatives.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    General Accounting Office, Washington, DC.

    In order to examine the implementation of the Privacy Act of 1974 by federal government agencies, the General Accounting Office (GAO) examined organizational issues at 13 cabinet-level departments and the Veterans Administration and reviewed Privacy Act operations in detail at 6 of these agencies and 37 of their components. This study focused on…

  13. 32 CFR Appendix A to Part 292 - Uniform Agency Fees for Search and Duplication Under the Freedom of Information Act (as Amended)

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 292—Uniform Agency Fees for Search and Duplication Under the Freedom of Information Act (as Amended... 32 National Defense 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Uniform Agency Fees for Search and Duplication Under the Freedom of Information Act (as Amended) A Appendix A to Part 292 National Defense...

  14. 77 FR 67655 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Food Additive...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-13

    ... Collection; Comment Request; Food Additive Petitions and Investigational Food Additive Exemptions; Extension... comment in response to the notice. This notice solicits comments on food additive petitions regarding... of information technology. Food Additive Petitions and Investigational Food Additive Exemptions,...

  15. 21 CFR 1310.11 - Reinstatement of exemption for drug products distributed under the Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 9 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Reinstatement of exemption for drug products distributed under the Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act. 1310.11 Section 1310.11 Food and Drugs DRUG ENFORCEMENT ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE RECORDS AND REPORTS OF LISTED CHEMICALS AND CERTAIN MACHINES §...

  16. 21 CFR 1310.10 - Removal of the exemption of drugs distributed under the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 9 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Removal of the exemption of drugs distributed under the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act. 1310.10 Section 1310.10 Food and Drugs DRUG ENFORCEMENT ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE RECORDS AND REPORTS OF LISTED CHEMICALS AND CERTAIN MACHINES §...

  17. 21 CFR 1310.11 - Reinstatement of exemption for drug products distributed under the Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 9 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Reinstatement of exemption for drug products distributed under the Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act. 1310.11 Section 1310.11 Food and Drugs DRUG ENFORCEMENT ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE RECORDS AND REPORTS OF LISTED CHEMICALS AND CERTAIN MACHINES §...

  18. 21 CFR 1310.10 - Removal of the exemption of drugs distributed under the Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 9 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Removal of the exemption of drugs distributed under the Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act. 1310.10 Section 1310.10 Food and Drugs DRUG ENFORCEMENT ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE RECORDS AND REPORTS OF LISTED CHEMICALS AND CERTAIN MACHINES §...

  19. 21 CFR 1310.10 - Removal of the exemption of drugs distributed under the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 9 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Removal of the exemption of drugs distributed under the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act. 1310.10 Section 1310.10 Food and Drugs DRUG ENFORCEMENT ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE RECORDS AND REPORTS OF LISTED CHEMICALS AND CERTAIN MACHINES §...

  20. 21 CFR 1310.11 - Reinstatement of exemption for drug products distributed under the Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 9 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Reinstatement of exemption for drug products distributed under the Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act. 1310.11 Section 1310.11 Food and Drugs DRUG ENFORCEMENT ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE RECORDS AND REPORTS OF LISTED CHEMICALS AND CERTAIN MACHINES §...

  1. 78 FR 36711 - Food and Drug Administration Safety and Innovation Act Title VII-Drug Supply Chain; Standards for...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-19

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration 21 CFR Chapter I Food and Drug Administration Safety and Innovation Act Title VII--Drug Supply Chain; Standards for Admission of Imported Drugs, Registration of...: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION: Notification of public meeting; request for...

  2. 75 FR 22599 - Draft Guidance for Industry and Food and Drug Administration Staff; Food and Drug Administration...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-29

    ... Under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION: Notice...) Requests for Information Under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act.'' This draft guidance is not final...) Requests for Information Under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act'' to the Division of...

  3. 42 CFR 137.305 - May Self-Governance Tribes act as lead, cooperating, or joint lead agencies for environmental...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...,” “cooperating,” and “joint lead agency” are defined in the CEQ regulations at 40 CFR 1508.16, 1508.5, and 1501.5... 42 Public Health 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false May Self-Governance Tribes act as lead, cooperating, or joint lead agencies for environmental review purposes? 137.305 Section 137.305 Public...

  4. 42 CFR 137.305 - May Self-Governance Tribes act as lead, cooperating, or joint lead agencies for environmental...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...,” “cooperating,” and “joint lead agency” are defined in the CEQ regulations at 40 CFR 1508.16, 1508.5, and 1501.5... 42 Public Health 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false May Self-Governance Tribes act as lead, cooperating, or joint lead agencies for environmental review purposes? 137.305 Section 137.305 Public...

  5. 42 CFR 137.305 - May Self-Governance Tribes act as lead, cooperating, or joint lead agencies for environmental...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...,” “cooperating,” and “joint lead agency” are defined in the CEQ regulations at 40 CFR 1508.16, 1508.5, and 1501.5... 42 Public Health 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false May Self-Governance Tribes act as lead, cooperating, or joint lead agencies for environmental review purposes? 137.305 Section 137.305 Public...

  6. 42 CFR 137.305 - May Self-Governance Tribes act as lead, cooperating, or joint lead agencies for environmental...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...,” “cooperating,” and “joint lead agency” are defined in the CEQ regulations at 40 CFR 1508.16, 1508.5, and 1501.5... 42 Public Health 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false May Self-Governance Tribes act as lead, cooperating, or joint lead agencies for environmental review purposes? 137.305 Section 137.305 Public...

  7. 42 CFR 137.305 - May Self-Governance Tribes act as lead, cooperating, or joint lead agencies for environmental...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...,” “cooperating,” and “joint lead agency” are defined in the CEQ regulations at 40 CFR 1508.16, 1508.5, and 1501.5... 42 Public Health 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false May Self-Governance Tribes act as lead, cooperating, or joint lead agencies for environmental review purposes? 137.305 Section 137.305 Public...

  8. 76 FR 18548 - Clean Water Act Section 303(d): Final Agency Action on Three Total Maximum Daily Loads (TMDLs) in...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-04

    ...This notice announces final agency action on three TMDLs prepared by EPA Region 6 for waters listed in Louisiana's Mississippi River Basin, under Section 303(d) of the Clean Water Act (CWA). Documents from the administrative record file for the three TMDLs, including TMDL calculations and responses to comments, may be viewed at http://www.epa.gov/region6/water/npdes/tmdl/index.htm. The......

  9. 78 FR 13681 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Mammography...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-28

    ... Collection; Comment Request; Mammography Quality Standards Act Requirements AGENCY: Food and Drug... associated with the Mammography Quality Standards Act requirements. DATES: Submit either electronic or... of information technology. Mammography Quality Standards Act Requirements--21 CFR Part 900...

  10. 78 FR 11654 - Draft Guidance for Industry and Food and Drug Administration Staff; Providing Information About...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-19

    ... Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act; Availability AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION: Notice... Pediatric Uses of Medical Devices Under Section 515A of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act.'' FDA is... information required under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (the FD&C Act). This draft guidance is...

  11. 78 FR 76187 - Transportation Infrastructure Financing and Innovation Act (TIFIA) Program; Agency Information...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-16

    ...-day Federal Register notice was published on September 27, 2013, 2013 (78 FR 59751). Since the...: State and local governments, transit agencies, railroad companies, special authorities, special... detailing other borrowed funds and revenue sources (including pledged repayment source). Finally, a...

  12. 76 FR 58238 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Waivers Under...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-20

    ... Food and Nutrition Service Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Waivers Under Section 6(o) of the Food and Nutrition Act AGENCY: Food and Nutrition Service, USDA... Nutrition Act is to establish a time limit for the receipt of benefits under the Supplemental...

  13. 76 FR 34083 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Announcement of Office of Management and Budget...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-10

    ... . SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: In the Federal Register of December 15, 2010 (75 FR 78249) the Agency announced that... Stay of Action Subject to Section 505(q) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act AGENCY: Food and... for Stay of Action Subject to Section 505(q) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act'' has...

  14. 13 CFR 102.21 - Agency employees responsible for the Privacy Act of 1974.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... systems of records in that office. (c) Senior Agency Official for Privacy is SBA's Chief Information Officer (CIO) who has overall responsibility and accountability for ensuring the SBA's implementation of information privacy protections, including the SBA's full compliance with Federal laws, regulations,...

  15. 77 FR 43100 - Privacy Act of 1974; Department of Homeland Security, Federal Emergency Management Agency-009...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-23

    ... Agency--2006--0002 National Emergency Management Information System (NEMIS)--Mitigation (MT) Electronic... of records titled, ``DHS/FEMA--2006--0002 National Emergency Management Information System (NEMIS)--Mitigation (MT) Electronic Grants Management System of Records (69 FR 75079, December 15, 2004),''...

  16. 33 CFR 148.3 - What Federal agencies are responsible for implementing the Deepwater Port Act?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... the Maritime Administration (MARAD) coordinate with each other in processing applications for the... Hazardous Materials and Safety Administration. (d) The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), U.S. Army...://www.uscg.mil/hq/G-P/mso/docs/ dwp_white_house_task_force_ energy_streamlining.pdf....

  17. 76 FR 8758 - Privacy Act of 1974; Department of Homeland Security Federal Emergency Management Agency-002...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-15

    ... titled, ``Department of Homeland Security Federal Emergency Management Agency--002 Quality Assurance... Homeland Security Internal Affairs system of records [November 18, 2008, 73 FR 67529]. The Department... Security Internal Affairs system of records [November 18, 2008, 73 FR 67529]. In order to provide...

  18. 78 FR 51732 - The Food and Drug Administration/European Medicines Agency Orphan Product Designation and Grant...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-21

    ... valuable information about the FDA and European Medicines Agency (EMA) Orphan Drug Designation programs.... For parking and security information, please refer to http://www.fda.gov/AboutFDA/WorkingatFDA/BuildingsandFacilities/WhiteOakCampusInformation/ucm241740.htm . Contact Person: Eleanor Dixon-Terry, Food...

  19. 78 FR 69095 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Food Canning...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-18

    ... Acidified Foods and Thermally Processed Low-Acid Foods in Hermetically Sealed Containers; Extension of... Acidified Foods and Thermally Processed Low-Acid Foods in Hermetically Sealed Containers'' that appeared in... Establishment Registration, Process Filing, and Recordkeeping for Acidified Foods and Thermally Processed...

  20. The Food Safety Modernization Act: Implications for U.S. Small Scale Farms.

    PubMed

    Boys, Kathryn A; Ollinger, Michael; Geyer, Leon L

    2015-01-01

    The Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA) reforms law governing the safety of human and animal foods produced for consumption in the United States. Recognizing the challenges that the proposed regulations would impose on small farms, Congress included an amendment to exempt small farms from the full scope of FSMA requirements. This special treatment and other issues left unaddressed by FSMA, however, present challenges for buyers of small farm products and is inducing a private sector response to these regulatory gaps. This Article reviews the current treatment of small farms under FSMA and explores some key impacts and implications of FSMA on these organizations. Particular consideration is given to the unintended consequences of the Tester-Hagan Amendment and the unaddressed issue of liability for foodborne illness. PMID:26591825

  1. Investigating the Role of State Permitting and Agriculture Agencies in Addressing Public Health Concerns Related to Industrial Food Animal Production

    PubMed Central

    Fry, Jillian P.; Laestadius, Linnea I.; Grechis, Clare; Nachman, Keeve E.; Neff, Roni A.

    2014-01-01

    Objectives Industrial food animal production (IFAP) operations adversely impact environmental public health through air, water, and soil contamination. We sought to determine how state permitting and agriculture agencies respond to these public health concerns. Methods We conducted semi-structured qualitative interviews with staff at 12 state agencies in seven states, which were chosen based on high numbers or rapid increase of IFAP operations. The interviews served to gather information regarding agency involvement in regulating IFAP operations, the frequency and type of contacts received about public health concerns, how the agency responds to such contacts, and barriers to additional involvement. Results Permitting and agriculture agencies’ responses to health-based IFAP concerns are constrained by significant barriers including narrow regulations, a lack of public health expertise within the agencies, and limited resources. Conclusions State agencies with jurisdiction over IFAP operations are unable to adequately address relevant public health concerns due to multiple factors. Combining these results with previously published findings on barriers facing local and state health departments in the same states reveals significant gaps between these agencies regarding public health and IFAP. There is a clear need for regulations to protect public health and for public health professionals to provide complementary expertise to agencies responsible for regulating IFAP operations. PMID:24587087

  2. 76 FR 60067 - Privacy Act of 1974; Department of Homeland Security Federal Emergency Management Agency-012...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-28

    ... SECURITY Office of the Secretary Privacy Act of 1974; Department of Homeland Security Federal Emergency... Department of Homeland Security proposes to establish a new system of records titled, ``Department of....'' This system of records allows the Department of Homeland Security/Federal Emergency Management...

  3. State Part C Agency Practices and the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (CAPTA)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stahmer, Aubyn C.; Sutton, Danielle Thorp; Fox, Lise; Leslie, Laurel K.

    2008-01-01

    Each year nearly 900,000 cases of child abuse and neglect are substantiated in the United States, with the highest rates of maltreatment occurring among infants and toddlers. Children exposed to maltreatment are at increased risk of developmental delay. The Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act specifies that children under age 3 with…

  4. 78 FR 77486 - Renewal of Agency Information Collection for No Child Left Behind Act Implementation

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-23

    ... for the No Child Left Behind Act authorized by OMB Control Number 1076-0163. This information... Control Number 1076-0163. This information collection is necessary to implement Public Law 107-110, No... review, we cannot guarantee that we will be able to do so. III. Data OMB Control Number: 1076-0163....

  5. Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2014

    THOMAS, 113th Congress

    Rep. Aderholt, Robert B. [R-AL-4

    2013-06-18

    06/26/2013 Rule H. Res. 274 passed House. (All Actions) Notes: For further action, see H.R.3547, which became Public Law 113-76 on 1/17/2014. Tracker: This bill has the status IntroducedHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  6. Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2015

    THOMAS, 113th Congress

    Rep. Aderholt, Robert B. [R-AL-4

    2014-06-04

    06/11/2014 Committee of the Whole House on the state of the Union rises leaving H.R. 4800 as unfinished business. (All Actions) Notes: For further action, see H.R.83, which became Public Law 113-235 on 12/16/2014. Tracker: This bill has the status IntroducedHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  7. Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2010

    THOMAS, 111th Congress

    Sen. Kohl, Herb [D-WI

    2009-07-07

    07/07/2009 Placed on Senate Legislative Calendar under General Orders. Calendar No. 99. (All Actions) Notes: For further action, see H.R.2997, which became Public Law 111-80 on 10/21/2009. Tracker: This bill has the status IntroducedHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  8. Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2015

    THOMAS, 113th Congress

    Sen. Pryor, Mark L. [D-AR

    2014-05-22

    05/22/2014 Placed on Senate Legislative Calendar under General Orders. Calendar No. 390. (All Actions) Notes: For further action, see H.R.83, which became Public Law 113-235 on 12/16/2014. Tracker: This bill has the status IntroducedHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  9. Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2014

    THOMAS, 113th Congress

    Sen. Pryor, Mark L. [D-AR

    2013-06-27

    06/27/2013 Placed on Senate Legislative Calendar under General Orders. Calendar No. 100. (All Actions) Notes: For further action, see H.R.3547, which became Public Law 113-76 on 1/17/2014. Tracker: This bill has the status IntroducedHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  10. "Reforms Looked Really Good on Paper": Rural Food Service Responses to the Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cornish, Disa; Askelson, Natoshia; Golembiewski, Elizabeth

    2016-01-01

    Background: The Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010 (HHKA) required schools to make changes to meals provided to children. Rural school districts have limited resources, with increased obesity rates and local food insecurity. In this study we sought to understand the perceptions of rural food service directors and the barriers to implementing…

  11. 78 FR 60288 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Guidance for...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-10-01

    ... Control Number 0910-0679)--Extension In the Federal Register of June 8, 2011(76 FR 33309), FDA announced... Subject to Section 505(q) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration... of action subject to of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FD&C Act). DATES: Submit...

  12. 75 FR 78249 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for Office of Management and Budget Review...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-15

    ... 505(q) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act In the Federal Register of January 21, 2009 (74 FR... Petitions for Stay of Action Subject to Section 505(q) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act AGENCY... the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act.'' Also include the FDA docket number found in brackets...

  13. 32 CFR Appendix A to Part 292 - Uniform Agency Fees for Search and Duplication Under the Freedom of Information Act (as Amended)

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Uniform Agency Fees for Search and Duplication... 292—Uniform Agency Fees for Search and Duplication Under the Freedom of Information Act (as Amended) Search + Review (only in the case of commercial requesters) a. Manual search or review— Type Grade...

  14. 32 CFR Appendix A to Part 292 - Uniform Agency Fees for Search and Duplication Under the Freedom of Information Act (as Amended)

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Uniform Agency Fees for Search and Duplication... 292—Uniform Agency Fees for Search and Duplication Under the Freedom of Information Act (as Amended) Search + Review (only in the case of commercial requesters) a. Manual search or review— Type Grade...

  15. 32 CFR Appendix A to Part 292 - Uniform Agency Fees for Search and Duplication Under the Freedom of Information Act (as Amended)

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Uniform Agency Fees for Search and Duplication... 292—Uniform Agency Fees for Search and Duplication Under the Freedom of Information Act (as Amended) Search + Review (only in the case of commercial requesters) a. Manual search or review— Type Grade...

  16. 32 CFR Appendix A to Part 292 - Uniform Agency Fees for Search and Duplication Under the Freedom of Information Act (as Amended)

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Uniform Agency Fees for Search and Duplication... 292—Uniform Agency Fees for Search and Duplication Under the Freedom of Information Act (as Amended) Search + Review (only in the case of commercial requesters) a. Manual search or review— Type Grade...

  17. Prior notice of imported food under the Public Health Security and Bioterrorism Preparedness and Response Act of 2002. Final rule.

    PubMed

    2008-11-01

    The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is issuing a final regulation that requires the submission to FDA of prior notice of food, including animal feed, that is imported or offered for import into the United States. The final rule implements the Public Health Security and Bioterrorism Preparedness and Response Act of 2002 (the Bioterrorism Act), which required prior notification of imported food to begin on December 12, 2003. The final rule requires that the prior notice be submitted to FDA electronically via either the U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP or Customs) Automated Broker Interface (ABI) of the Automated Commercial System (ACS) or the FDA Prior Notice System Interface (FDA PNSI). The information must be submitted and confirmed electronically as facially complete by FDA for review no less than 8 hours (for food arriving by water), 4 hours (for food arriving by air or land/rail), and 2 hours (for food arriving by land/road) before the food arrives at the port of arrival. Food imported or offered for import without adequate prior notice is subject to refusal and, if refused, must be held. Elsewhere in this issue of the Federal Register, FDA is announcing the availability of a draft compliance policy guide (CPG) entitled "Sec. 110.310 Prior Notice of Imported Food Under the Public Health Security and Bioterrorism Preparedness and Response Act of 2002."

  18. Nesfatin-1 acts on the dopaminergic reward pathway to inhibit food intake.

    PubMed

    Chen, Xi; Shu, Xin; Cong, Zhu-Kai; Jiang, Zheng-Yao; Jiang, Hong

    2015-10-01

    Nesfatin-1 is a novel 82-amino acid anorectic peptide. Previous studies of nesfatin-1 have focused on hypothalamic and brainstem circuits implicated in feeding regulation. Recently, nesfatin-1 expression was also reported in the nucleus accumbens (NAc), amygdaloid nucleus and insular cortex of mice, areas that are related to the control of reward behavior. Therefore, it is possible that nesfatin-1 might also inhibit food intake via central reward circuits. Using electrophysiology and electrochemical and behavioral tests, we investigated the effect of nesfatin-1 on the dopaminergic reward pathway between the ventral tegmental area (VTA) and the NAc. Our results showed that injection of nesfatin-1 into the VTA significantly inhibited dark-phase cumulative food intake in mice. The excitability of VTA dopaminergic neurons was inhibited by nesfatin-1. In addition, nesfatin-1 decreased dopamine release in the NAc. Therefore, we concluded that nesfatin-1 acts on dopaminergic neurons, and these effects might contribute to the decrease of food intake that results from the injection of nesfatin-1 into the VTA.

  19. The American Indian Religious Freedom Act: Guidance for compliance by federal agencies: First revision

    SciTech Connect

    Sharples, F.E.; Salk, M.S.

    1988-04-01

    Background information on Native American religions, the relationship of AIRFA to the First Amendment, and resources belonging to Native Americans is provided in this document to assist project managers in understanding the concerns of Native Americans with regard to federal developments. Since many native religious leaders are unwilling to discuss their religion with outsiders, consultation through intermediaries, such as tribal political leaders and/or private Indian organizations, may often be needed to ensure that appropriate input is received from the religious leaders. It is this consultation with the traditional religious leaders, either directly or through surrogates, that is the ultimate objective in complying with AIRFA. When a federal agency finds, upon consultation, that its proposed action would deny the free exercise of religion and yet determines that there is a compelling need for the action, the decision to proceed may be made, but appropriate mitigation measures to reduce religious interference to the lowest possible level must be included.

  20. The findings of the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry Medical Waste Tracking Act report.

    PubMed Central

    Lichtveld, M Y; Rodenbeck, S E; Lybarger, J A

    1992-01-01

    The Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR) report "The Public Health Implications of Medical Waste: A Report to Congress" has been finalized and submitted to Congress. The report is a comprehensive review of all available data and information on the subject. Based on the data developed in the report, ATSDR concludes that the general public is not likely to be adversely affected by medical waste generated in the traditional health setting. However, the increase of in-home health care and other sources of nonregulated medical waste (e.g., intravenous drug users) provides opportunities for the general public to contact medical waste. In addition, ATSDR concludes that public health concerns exist for selected occupations involved with medical waste. These populations include janitorial and laundry workers, nurses, emergency medical personnel, and refuse workers. The ATSDR report also defines what material should be managed as medical waste and identifies research needs related to medical waste. PMID:1486856

  1. Deeming Tobacco Products To Be Subject to the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act, as Amended by the Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act; Restrictions on the Sale and Distribution of Tobacco Products and Required Warning Statements for Tobacco Products. Final rule.

    PubMed

    2016-05-10

    The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is issuing this final rule to deem products meeting the statutory definition of "tobacco product,'' except accessories of the newly deemed tobacco products, to be subject to the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (the FD&C Act), as amended by the Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act (Tobacco Control Act). The Tobacco Control Act provides FDA authority to regulate cigarettes, cigarette tobacco, roll-your-own tobacco, smokeless tobacco, and any other tobacco products that the Agency by regulation deems to be subject to the law. With this final rule, FDA is extending the Agency's "tobacco product'' authorities in the FD&C Act to all other categories of products that meet the statutory definition of "tobacco product" in the FD&C Act, except accessories of such newly deemed tobacco products. This final rule also prohibits the sale of "covered tobacco products" to individuals under the age of 18 and requires the display of health warnings on cigarette tobacco, roll-your own tobacco, and covered tobacco product packages and in advertisements. FDA is taking this action to reduce the death and disease from tobacco products. In accordance with the Tobacco Control Act, we consider and intend the extension of our authorities over tobacco products and the various requirements and prohibitions established by this rule to be severable. PMID:27192730

  2. Deeming Tobacco Products To Be Subject to the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act, as Amended by the Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act; Restrictions on the Sale and Distribution of Tobacco Products and Required Warning Statements for Tobacco Products. Final rule.

    PubMed

    2016-05-10

    The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is issuing this final rule to deem products meeting the statutory definition of "tobacco product,'' except accessories of the newly deemed tobacco products, to be subject to the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (the FD&C Act), as amended by the Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act (Tobacco Control Act). The Tobacco Control Act provides FDA authority to regulate cigarettes, cigarette tobacco, roll-your-own tobacco, smokeless tobacco, and any other tobacco products that the Agency by regulation deems to be subject to the law. With this final rule, FDA is extending the Agency's "tobacco product'' authorities in the FD&C Act to all other categories of products that meet the statutory definition of "tobacco product" in the FD&C Act, except accessories of such newly deemed tobacco products. This final rule also prohibits the sale of "covered tobacco products" to individuals under the age of 18 and requires the display of health warnings on cigarette tobacco, roll-your own tobacco, and covered tobacco product packages and in advertisements. FDA is taking this action to reduce the death and disease from tobacco products. In accordance with the Tobacco Control Act, we consider and intend the extension of our authorities over tobacco products and the various requirements and prohibitions established by this rule to be severable.

  3. Reining in agency action: the rejected proposal rule and Section 1011 of the 2003 Medicare Act.

    PubMed

    Charles, Sabrina

    2006-01-01

    Section 1011 of the 2003 Medicare Act authorized the disbursement of over one billion dollars to healthcare providers that provide uncompensated emergency medical care to undocumented immigrants. In 2005, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) issued its final interpretation of the statute. Despite previous statementsto the contrary, CMS conditioned eligibilityfor Section 1011 funds on the collection of certain immigration status-related information from patients seeking emergency care. Prior to the issuance of CMS' final guidance, the House defeated House Resolution 3722, which was substantially similar to the CMS final guidance. This Article argues that the House's rejection of H.R. 3722 renders CMS's final guidance invalid under the analysis set forth in Chevron, U.S.A. Inc. v. National Resources Defense Council, Inc. PMID:17260547

  4. Reining in agency action: the rejected proposal rule and Section 1011 of the 2003 Medicare Act.

    PubMed

    Charles, Sabrina

    2006-01-01

    Section 1011 of the 2003 Medicare Act authorized the disbursement of over one billion dollars to healthcare providers that provide uncompensated emergency medical care to undocumented immigrants. In 2005, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) issued its final interpretation of the statute. Despite previous statementsto the contrary, CMS conditioned eligibilityfor Section 1011 funds on the collection of certain immigration status-related information from patients seeking emergency care. Prior to the issuance of CMS' final guidance, the House defeated House Resolution 3722, which was substantially similar to the CMS final guidance. This Article argues that the House's rejection of H.R. 3722 renders CMS's final guidance invalid under the analysis set forth in Chevron, U.S.A. Inc. v. National Resources Defense Council, Inc.

  5. Agency interaction at the Savannah River Plant under the Endangered Species Act

    SciTech Connect

    Mackey, H.E. Jr.

    1984-01-01

    The 300 square mile Savannah River Plant (SRP) offers a variety of protected habitats for endangered species including the alligator (resident), red-cockaded woodpecker (resident), short-nose sturgeon (migratory), and wood stock (fish-forager). The most recent of these four species to be listed by the US Fish and Wildlife Service (US FWS) is the wood stock. It had been observed prior to 1983 as an infrequent forager in the SRP Savannah River swamp which adjoins SRP on the south and southwest. In anticipation of its listing as an endangered species, DOE-SR requested in the spring of 1983 that the Savannah River Ecology Laboratory, University of Georgia, conduct field surveys and studies of the nearest colony of wood storks to SRP (the Birdsville colony in north-central Georgia). The objective of these studies was to determine potential effects of the flooding of the Steel Creek swamp area with cooling water from L-Reactor. L-Reactor, which is proposed for restart, has not been operated since 1968. The survey found that wood storks forage in the Steel Creek delta swamp area of the Savannah River at SRP. Based on the numbers of storks at various foraging locations, sites at SRP ranked higher than non-SRP sites during the pre-fledging phase of the colony. Cold flow testing of L-Reactor also demonstrated that foraging sites in the Steel Creek delta would be unavailable during L-Reactor operation because of increased water levels. Consultation meetings between DOE-SR and US FWS in April 1984, resulted in an agreement between the two agencies to develop alternative foraging habitat for the wood stork to replace potential losses in the Steel Creek delta area. A suitable habitat was located on the National Audubon Society's Silver Bluff Plantation Sanctuary just west of SRP. This location will be developed by the US Soil Conservation Service through an interagency agreement with DOE-SR. 6 references, 4 figures.

  6. 76 FR 64354 - Burden of Food and Drug Administration Food Safety Modernization Act Fee Amounts on Small...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-18

    ...'' that appeared in the Federal Register of August 1, 2011 (76 FR 45818). In that document, FDA announced.... Background In the Federal Register of August 1, 2011 (76 FR 45818), FDA published a notice with a 78-day... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Burden of Food and Drug Administration Food...

  7. Eating on the run. A qualitative study of health agency and eating behaviors among fast food employees.

    PubMed

    Mulvaney-Day, Norah E; Womack, Catherine A; Oddo, Vanessa M

    2012-10-01

    Understanding the relationship between obesity and fast food consumption encompasses a broad range of individual level and environmental factors. One theoretical approach, the health capability framework, focuses on the complex set of conditions allowing individuals to be healthy. This qualitative study aimed to identify factors that influence individual level health agency with respect to healthy eating choices in uniformly constrained environments (e.g., fast food restaurants). We used an inductive qualitative research design to develop an interview guide, conduct open-ended interviews with a purposive sample of 14 student fast food workers (aged 18-25), and analyze the data. Data analysis was conducted iteratively during the study with multiple coders to identify themes. Emergent themes included environmental influences on eating behaviors (time, cost, restaurant policies, social networks) and internal psychological factors (feelings associated with hunger, food knowledge versus food preparation know-how, reaction to physical experiences, perceptions of food options, delayed gratification, and radical subjectivity). A localized, embedded approach to analyzing the factors driving the obesity epidemic is needed. Addressing contextual interactions between internal psychological and external environmental factors responds to social justice and public health concerns, and may yield more relevant and effective interventions for vulnerable communities.

  8. 75 FR 11542 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Mammography...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-11

    ... Collection; Comment Request; Mammography Quality Standards Act Requirements AGENCY: Food and Drug... Mammography Quality Standards Act requirements. DATES: Submit written or electronic comments on the collection... techniques, when appropriate, and other forms of information technology. The Mammography Quality...

  9. 75 FR 44163 - Implementation of Regulations Required Under Title XI of the Food, Conservation and Energy Act of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-28

    ... Administration (GIPSA) published a proposed rule in the Federal Register on June 22, 2010 (75 FR 35338) proposing...; ] DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Grain Inspection, Packers and Stockyards Administration 9 CFR Part 201 RIN 0580... 2008; Conduct in Violation of the Act AGENCY: Grain Inspection, Packers and Stockyards...

  10. Agency perspectives on food safety for the products of animal biotechnology.

    PubMed

    Howard, H J; Jones, K M; Rudenko, L

    2012-08-01

    Animal biotechnology represents one subset of tools among a larger set of technologies for potential use to meet increasing world demands for food. Assisted reproductive technologies (ART) such as artificial insemination and embryo transfer continue to make positive contributions in food animal production. The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) performed a comprehensive risk assessment to identify potential food consumption or animal health risks associated with animal cloning, an emerging ART. At that time, FDA concluded that animal cloning posed no unique risks either to animal health or to food consumption, and food from animal clones and their sexually reproduced offspring required no additional federal regulation beyond that applicable to conventionally bred animals of the species examined. At this time, no new information has arisen that would necessitate a change in FDA's conclusions on food from animal clones or their sexually reproduced offspring. Use of recombinant DNA technologies to produce genetically engineered (GE) animals represents another emerging technology with potential to impact food animal production. In its regulation of GE animals, FDA follows a cumulative, risk-based approach to address scientific questions related to the GE animals. FDA evaluates data and information on the safety, effectiveness and stability of the GE event. FDA carries out its review at several levels (e.g. molecular biology, animal safety, food safety, environmental safety and claim validation). GE animal sponsors provide data to address risk questions for each level. This manuscript discusses FDA's role in evaluation of animal cloning and GE animals.

  11. 78 FR 14309 - Implementation of the FDA Food Safety Modernization Act Provision Requiring FDA To Establish...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-05

    .... Conduct two food product tracing pilot projects--one in coordination with the processed food sector and... points of service; 6. Demonstrate the tracking and tracing of: (a) A selected processed food and its key... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Implementation of the FDA Food Safety Modernization...

  12. 77 FR 9256 - Design and Methodology for Postmarket Surveillance Studies Under Section 522 of the Federal Food...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-16

    ... Under Section 522 of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act; Public Workshop AGENCY: Food and Drug... Section 522 of the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act''. The purpose of the public workshop is to provide... the Federal Register.) Background: Under section 522(a) of the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act...

  13. 76 FR 32215 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Announcement of Office of Management and Budget...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-03

    ... Small Chains Under Section 4205 of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010 AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Agency Information Collection Activities; Announcement...

  14. Risk assessment and risk management at the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA): a perspective on the monitoring of foods for chemical residues.

    PubMed

    Bietlot, Henri P; Kolakowski, Beata

    2012-08-01

    The Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) uses 'Ranked Risk Assessment' (RRA) to prioritize chemical hazards for inclusion in monitoring programmes or method development projects based on their relative risk. The relative risk is calculated for a chemical by scoring toxicity and exposure in the 'risk model scoring system' of the Risk Priority Compound List (RPCL). The relative ranking and the risk management options are maintained and updated in the RPCL. The ranking may be refined by the data generated by the sampling and testing programs. The two principal sampling and testing programmes are the National Chemical Residue Monitoring Program (NCRMP) and the Food Safety Action Plan (FSAP). The NCRMP sampling plans focus on the analysis of federally registered products (dairy, eggs, honey, meat and poultry, fresh and processed fruit and vegetable commodities, and maple syrup) for residues of veterinary drugs, pesticides, environmental contaminants, mycotoxins, and metals. The NCRMP is complemented by the Food Safety Action Plan (FSAP) targeted surveys. These surveys focus on emerging chemical hazards associated with specific foods or geographical regions for which applicable maximum residue limits (MRLs) are not set. The data from the NCRMP and FSAP also influence the risk management (follow-up) options. Follow-up actions vary according to the magnitude of the health risk, all with the objective of preventing any repeat occurrence to minimize consumer exposure to a product representing a potential risk to human health. PMID:22851361

  15. 76 FR 10874 - Implementation of Revised Lacey Act Provisions

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-28

    ... Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Implementation of Revised Lacey Act Provisions AGENCY: Animal... Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 amended the Lacey Act to expand its protections to a broader... INFORMATION: Background The Lacey Act (16 U.S.C. 3371 et seq.), first enacted in 1900 and...

  16. 41 CFR 102-79.90 - What criteria must Executive agencies consider when evaluating antenna siting requests?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... other objects pursuant to the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, as amended, and implementing... agencies such as the Environmental Protection Agency and the Food and Drug Administration; and (g)...

  17. 78 FR 17611 - Provisions of the Food and Drug Administration Safety and Innovation Act Related to Medical Gases...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-22

    ... On July 9, 2012, President Obama signed the Food and Drug Safety and Innovation Act (FDASIA) (Pub. L... Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions of the U.S. Senate and the Committee on Energy and... these new sections. On November 23, 2012 (77 FR 70166), FDA issued a Federal Register...

  18. 77 FR 28602 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Early Food Safety...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-15

    ... of the amino acid similarity between the new protein and known allergens and toxins; Whether the... (57 FR 22984). The guidance entitled, ``Recommendations for the Early Food Safety Evaluation of...

  19. Federal Agency Transparency Act

    THOMAS, 112th Congress

    Rep. Farenthold, Blake [R-TX-27

    2011-03-14

    04/01/2011 Referred to the Subcommittee on Technology, Information Policy, Intergovernmental Relations and Procurement Reform . (All Actions) Tracker: This bill has the status IntroducedHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  20. 78 FR 76150 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for Office of Management and Budget Review...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-16

    ... Act. In the Federal Register of February 19, 2013, (78 FR 11654), FDA published a 60-day notice... Medical Devices Under Section 515A of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act AGENCY: Food and Drug... Information About Pediatric Uses of Medical Devices Under Section 515A of the Federal Food, Drug, and...

  1. School Meal Programs: Changes to Federal Agencies' Procedures Could Reduce Risk of School Children Consuming Recalled Food. Report to Congressional Requesters. GAO-09-649

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    US Government Accountability Office, 2009

    2009-01-01

    Over the past few years, several food recalls, such as for beef and peanut products, have affected schools. It is especially important that recalls affecting schools be carried out efficiently and effectively because young children have a higher risk of complications from food-borne illnesses. GAO was asked to determine how federal agencies (1)…

  2. 78 FR 37589 - Sunshine Act Meeting; Notice of a Matter To Be Added to the Agenda for Consideration at an Agency...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-21

    ... ADMINISTRATION Sunshine Act Meeting; Notice of a Matter To Be Added to the Agenda for Consideration at an Agency Meeting FEDERAL REGISTER CITATION OF PREVIOUS ANNOUNCEMENT: June 17, 2013 (78 FR 36277). TIME AND DATE: 10..., Alexandria, VA 22314-3428. STATUS: Open. MATTERS TO BE ADDED: 2. NCUA's Rules and Regulations,...

  3. 75 FR 22631 - Sunshine Act; Notice of a Matter To Be Added to the Agenda for Consideration at an Agency Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-29

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office NATIONAL CREDIT UNION ADMINISTRATION Sunshine Act; Notice of a Matter To Be Added to the Agenda for Consideration at an Agency Meeting Time and Date: 11:15 a.m., Thursday, April 29, 2010. Place: Board Room, 7th Floor, Room 7047, 1775...

  4. 78 FR 75344 - Sunshine Act Meeting; Notice of a Matter To Be Added to the Agenda for Consideration at an Agency...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-11

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION Sunshine Act Meeting; Notice of a Matter To Be Added to the Agenda for Consideration at an Agency... hereby given that the following matter will be added to the ``Discussion Agenda'' for consideration...

  5. 75 FR 65035 - Sunshine Act; Notice of a Matter To Be Added to the Agenda for Consideration at an Agency Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-21

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office NATIONAL CREDIT UNION ADMINISTRATION Sunshine Act; Notice of a Matter To Be Added to the Agenda for Consideration at an Agency Meeting Time and Date: 10 a.m., Thursday, October 21, 2010. Place: Board Room, 7th Floor, Room 7047, 1775...

  6. 34 CFR 222.51 - Which children may a local educational agency count for payment under section 8003(d) of the Act?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Children With Disabilities § 222.51 Which children may a local educational agency count for payment under... children in accordance with the provisions of section 613 of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, 20 U.S.C. 1400 et seq. and 34 CFR part 300, subparts C and D. (2) Children who are placed...

  7. Feeding Behavior: Hypocretin/Orexin Neurons Act between Food Seeking and Eating.

    PubMed

    Gao, Xiao-Bing; Horvath, Tamas L

    2016-09-26

    A report on the rapid change of activity of hypocretin/orexin cells in response to contact rather than digestion of food delivers new insights into the behavioral control of food intake and systemic energy expenditure. PMID:27676302

  8. Aflatoxin control--how a regulatory agency managed risk from an unavoidable natural toxicant in food and feed.

    PubMed

    Park, D L; Stoloff, L

    1989-04-01

    The control by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) of aflatoxin, a relatively recently discovered, unavoidable natural contaminant produced by specific molds that invade a number of basic food and feedstuffs, provides an example of the varying forces that affect risk assessment and management by a regulatory Agency. This is the story of how the FDA responded to the initial discovery of a potential carcinogenic hazard to humans in a domestic commodity, to the developing information concerning the nature of the hazard, to the economic and political pressures that are created by the impact of natural forces on regulatory controls, and to the restraints of laws within which the Agency must work. This story covers four periods: the years of discovery and action decisions on the basis of meager knowledge and the fear of cancer; the years of tinkering on paper with the regulatory process, the years of digestion of the accumulating knowledge, and the application of that knowledge to actions forced by natural events; and an audit of the current status of knowledge about the hazard from aflatoxin, and proposals for regulatory control based on that knowledge.

  9. 77 FR 20826 - Guidance for Industry and Food and Drug Administration Staff; Food and Drug Administration and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-06

    ..., 2010 (75 FR 22599), FDA announced the availability of the draft guidance. Comments on the draft... the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act; Availability AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS... Procedures for Section 513(g) Requests for Information under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act.''...

  10. 78 FR 4153 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Food Labeling...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-18

    ... Collection; Comment Request; Food Labeling; Notification Procedures for Statements on Dietary Supplements... requiring manufacturers, packers, and distributors of dietary supplements to notify us that they are marketing a dietary supplement product that bears on its label or in its labeling a statement provided...

  11. 78 FR 65663 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Food Labeling...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-01

    ..., including baking powder, baking soda, and pectin. Section 101.12(e) provides that a manufacturer that... restaurant foods........ 300,000 1.5 450,000 0.25 112,500 101.12(b); RACC for baking powder, baking soda...

  12. Materials and Fuels Complex Hazardous Waste Management Act/Resource Conservation and Recovery Act Storage and Treatment Permit Reapplication, Environmental Protection Agency Number ID4890008952

    SciTech Connect

    Holzemer, Michael J.; Hart, Edward

    2015-04-01

    Hazardous Waste Management Act/Resource Conservation and Recovery Act Storage and Treatment Permit Reapplication for the Idaho National Laboratory Materials and Fuels Complex Hazardous Waste Management Act/Resource Conservation and Recovery Act Partial Permit, PER-116. This Permit Reapplication is required by the PER-116 Permit Conditions I.G. and I.H., and must be submitted to the Idaho Department of Environmental Quality in accordance with IDAPA 58.01.05.012 [40 CFR §§ 270.10 and 270.13 through 270.29].

  13. Clean Water Act assessment processes in relation to changing U.S. Environmental Protection Agency management strategies.

    PubMed

    Cooter, William S

    2004-10-15

    During the 1970s the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) devised a multiscale system of basin planning and regional implementation that encouraged a balanced mixture of monitoring and modeling-based assessments. By the 1980s, this goal had not been achieved. Modeling and monitoring assessment approaches became largely decoupled. To a significant degree, modeling was viewed as too inaccurate to handle issues such as setting permit limits involving toxics. During the 1980s, EPA also encouraged the idea that monitoring approaches were adequate to document water quality problems, guide the development of management plans, and demonstrate the achievement of management goals. By the late 1990s, large numbers of waters listed under the Clean Water Act's Total Maximum Daily Load (TMDL) provisions showed the widespread nature of pollutant concerns, but the uneven nature of the listing information also revealed fundamental problems in the ability of state monitoring programs to achieve credible and comprehensive assessments. Statistics are presented from the 1998 and the most current publicly available 2000 baseline periods showing the limitations in the scope of state assessments. There are significant opportunities for the increased use of relatively simple modeling systems that can be flexibly implemented over a variety of spatial scales. In addition to conventional modeling frameworks, the value of bioassessment monitoring techniques is stressed. Bioassessment indicators can often be combined with landscape modeling methods, as well as analyses from conventional modeling outputs, to help target small area monitoring by use of tiered approaches. These findings underscore the value of integrated monitoring and modeling approaches to build properly balanced assessment systems. PMID:15543725

  14. Clean Water Act assessment processes in relation to changing U.S. Environmental Protection Agency management strategies.

    PubMed

    Cooter, William S

    2004-10-15

    During the 1970s the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) devised a multiscale system of basin planning and regional implementation that encouraged a balanced mixture of monitoring and modeling-based assessments. By the 1980s, this goal had not been achieved. Modeling and monitoring assessment approaches became largely decoupled. To a significant degree, modeling was viewed as too inaccurate to handle issues such as setting permit limits involving toxics. During the 1980s, EPA also encouraged the idea that monitoring approaches were adequate to document water quality problems, guide the development of management plans, and demonstrate the achievement of management goals. By the late 1990s, large numbers of waters listed under the Clean Water Act's Total Maximum Daily Load (TMDL) provisions showed the widespread nature of pollutant concerns, but the uneven nature of the listing information also revealed fundamental problems in the ability of state monitoring programs to achieve credible and comprehensive assessments. Statistics are presented from the 1998 and the most current publicly available 2000 baseline periods showing the limitations in the scope of state assessments. There are significant opportunities for the increased use of relatively simple modeling systems that can be flexibly implemented over a variety of spatial scales. In addition to conventional modeling frameworks, the value of bioassessment monitoring techniques is stressed. Bioassessment indicators can often be combined with landscape modeling methods, as well as analyses from conventional modeling outputs, to help target small area monitoring by use of tiered approaches. These findings underscore the value of integrated monitoring and modeling approaches to build properly balanced assessment systems.

  15. 49 CFR Appendix A to Part 228 - Requirements of the Hours of Service Act: Statement of Agency Policy and Interpretation

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... event than an “unavoidable accident or Act of God” under section 5(d) of the Act. Example: The crew of a... wreck crew re-rails or clears the last car and the maintenance of way department releases the track to... of his duties as a trainman. Casualties, Unavoidable Accidents, Acts of God. Section 5(d) of the...

  16. 75 FR 32952 - Draft Guidance for Industry and Food and Drug Administration Staff; “‘Harmful and Potentially...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-10

    ... the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act''; Availability AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS... Products as Used in Section 904(e) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act.'' This draft guidance... Cosmetic Act.'' This draft guidance, when finalized, will discuss the meaning of the term ``harmful...

  17. Neonicotinoids impact bumblebee colony fitness in the field; a reanalysis of the UK's Food & Environment Research Agency 2012 experiment.

    PubMed

    Goulson, Dave

    2015-01-01

    The causes of bee declines remain hotly debated, particularly the contribution of neonicotinoid insecticides. In 2013 the UK's Food & Environment Research Agency made public a study of the impacts of exposure of bumblebee colonies to neonicotinoids. The study concluded that there was no clear relationship between colony performance and pesticide exposure, and the study was subsequently cited by the UK government in a policy paper in support of their vote against a proposed moratorium on some uses of neonicotinoids. Here I present a simple re-analysis of this data set. It demonstrates that these data in fact do show a negative relationship between both colony growth and queen production and the levels of neonicotinoids in the food stores collected by the bees. Indeed, this is the first study describing substantial negative impacts of neonicotinoids on colony performance of any bee species with free-flying bees in a field realistic situation where pesticide exposure is provided only as part of normal farming practices. It strongly suggests that wild bumblebee colonies in farmland can be expected to be adversely affected by exposure to neonicotinoids.

  18. 78 FR 19715 - Implementation of the FDA Food Safety Modernization Act Provision Requiring FDA To Establish...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-02

    ... and Tracing of Food'' that appeared in the Federal Register of March 5, 2013 (78 FR 14309). In the... Register of March 5, 2013 (78 FR 14309), FDA published a ] notice with a 30-day comment period to...

  19. Tragedy, transformation, and triumph: comparing the factors and forces that led to the adoption of the 1860 Adulteration Act in England and the 1906 Pure Food and Drug Act in the United States.

    PubMed

    London, Jillian

    2014-01-01

    The 1860 Adulteration Act in England and the 1906 Pure Food and Drug Act in the United States were two of the earliest pieces of legislation to provide generalized regulation of food and drugs on a national scale. While significant scholarly attention has been given to explaining the factors and forces that led to the passage of each Act independent of the other, few books or articles have directly compared the similar individuals and events that led to the adoption of both Acts. This paper attempts to fill that gap. Through a comparative examination, this paper reveals that four main components were key to the national pure food and drug movements in both countries: individuals who crusaded for national adulteration legislation; tragedies that shocked the public into calling for reform; press and publicity that was willing and able to bring the evils of adulteration to the forefront of the public mind; and a transformation of the social, political, and economic systems, which created atmospheres conducive to reform. This paper aims to shed new light on the 1860 Adulteration Act and the 1906 Pure Food and Drug Act--two acts that derive their importance not just from the effect that they directly had on the regulation of food and drugs but also as some of the earliest examples of western governments coming to recognize the need for national regulation to protect the public from harm and coming to embrace their changing role as spearheads of modern regulatory states. PMID:25163213

  20. 75 FR 82407 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Announcement of Office of Management and Budget...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-30

    ...-796-3793. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: In the Federal Register of May 28, 2010 (75 FR 30036), the Agency... and Bioterrorism Preparedness and Response Act of 2002 AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS... information entitled ``Prior Notice of Imported Food Under the Public Health Security and...

  1. 77 FR 42744 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for Office of Management and Budget Review...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-20

    ... to FDA in support of a meeting request. In the Federal Register of March 20, 2012 (77 FR 16235), FDA... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for... Sponsors and Applicants for Prescription Drug User Fee Act Products AGENCY: Food and Drug...

  2. 76 FR 75799 - General Administrative Regulations; Mutual Consent Cancellation; Food Security Act of 1985...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-05

    .... See the Notice related to 7 CFR part 3015, subpart V, published at 48 FR 29115, June 24, 1983... States non-citizen national, or a qualified alien are ineligible for certain Federal benefits, including... include the United States Government or any agency thereof. Qualified alien has the same meaning...

  3. 76 FR 53478 - Food Safety Modernization Act Domestic and Foreign Facility Reinspections, Recall, and Importer...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-26

    ... (FDA) is correcting a notice that appeared in the Federal Register of August 1, 2011 (76 FR 45820). The..., 301-796-8811, e-mail: Amy.Waltrip@fda.hhs.gov . SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: In FR Doc. FDA-2011-19331... Reinspections, Recall, and Importer Reinspection User Fee Rates for Fiscal Year 2012; Correction AGENCY:...

  4. 75 FR 70011 - Guidance for Industry, Mammography Quality Standards Act Inspectors, and Food and Drug...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-16

    ... approved accreditation body and certified by the Secretary of Health and Human Services (the Secretary) or... 1993, the authority to approve accreditation bodies and State certification agencies and to certify facilities was delegated by the Secretary to FDA (June 10, 1993, 58 FR 32543). On October 28, 1997, FDA...

  5. Prospective association between cancer risk and an individual dietary index based on the British Food Standards Agency Nutrient Profiling System.

    PubMed

    Donnenfeld, Mathilde; Julia, Chantal; Kesse-Guyot, Emmanuelle; Méjean, Caroline; Ducrot, Pauline; Péneau, Sandrine; Deschasaux, Mélanie; Latino-Martel, Paule; Fezeu, Léopold; Hercberg, Serge; Touvier, Mathilde

    2015-11-28

    The Food Standards Agency Nutrient Profiling System (FSA-NPS) constitutes the basis for the Five-Colour Nutrition Label suggested in France to be put on the front-of-pack of food products. At the individual level, a dietary index (FSA-NPS DI) has been derived and validated and corresponds to a weighted mean of all FSA-NPS scores of foods usually consumed by the individual, reflecting the nutritional quality of his/her diet. Our aim was to investigate the association between the FSA-NPS DI and cancer risk in a large cohort. This prospective study included 6435 participants to the SUpplémentation en VItamines et Minéraux AntioXydants cohort (1994-2007) who completed at least six 24 h dietary records during the first 2 years of follow-up. FSA-NPS DI was computed for each subject (higher values representing lower nutritional quality of the diet). After a median follow-up of 12·6 years, 453 incident cancers were diagnosed. Associations were characterised by multivariate Cox proportional hazards models. The FSA-NPS DI was directly associated with overall cancer risk (hazard ratio (HR)for a 1-point increment=1·08 (95 % CI 1·01, 1·15), P trend=0·02; HRQ5 v. Q1=1·34 (95 % CI 1·00, 1·81), P trend=0·03). This association tended to be more specifically observed in subjects with moderate energy intake (≤median, HRfor a 1-point increment=1·10 (95 % CI 1·01-1·20), P trend=0·03). No association was observed in subjects with higher energy intake (P trend=0·3). Results were not statistically significant for breast and prostate cancer risks. For the first time, this study investigated the prospective association between the FSA-NPS individual score and cancer risk. The results suggest that unhealthy food choices may be associated with a 34 % increase in overall cancer risk, supporting the public health relevance of developing front-of-pack nutrition labels based on this score. PMID:26393396

  6. Prospective association between cancer risk and an individual dietary index based on the British Food Standards Agency Nutrient Profiling System.

    PubMed

    Donnenfeld, Mathilde; Julia, Chantal; Kesse-Guyot, Emmanuelle; Méjean, Caroline; Ducrot, Pauline; Péneau, Sandrine; Deschasaux, Mélanie; Latino-Martel, Paule; Fezeu, Léopold; Hercberg, Serge; Touvier, Mathilde

    2015-11-28

    The Food Standards Agency Nutrient Profiling System (FSA-NPS) constitutes the basis for the Five-Colour Nutrition Label suggested in France to be put on the front-of-pack of food products. At the individual level, a dietary index (FSA-NPS DI) has been derived and validated and corresponds to a weighted mean of all FSA-NPS scores of foods usually consumed by the individual, reflecting the nutritional quality of his/her diet. Our aim was to investigate the association between the FSA-NPS DI and cancer risk in a large cohort. This prospective study included 6435 participants to the SUpplémentation en VItamines et Minéraux AntioXydants cohort (1994-2007) who completed at least six 24 h dietary records during the first 2 years of follow-up. FSA-NPS DI was computed for each subject (higher values representing lower nutritional quality of the diet). After a median follow-up of 12·6 years, 453 incident cancers were diagnosed. Associations were characterised by multivariate Cox proportional hazards models. The FSA-NPS DI was directly associated with overall cancer risk (hazard ratio (HR)for a 1-point increment=1·08 (95 % CI 1·01, 1·15), P trend=0·02; HRQ5 v. Q1=1·34 (95 % CI 1·00, 1·81), P trend=0·03). This association tended to be more specifically observed in subjects with moderate energy intake (≤median, HRfor a 1-point increment=1·10 (95 % CI 1·01-1·20), P trend=0·03). No association was observed in subjects with higher energy intake (P trend=0·3). Results were not statistically significant for breast and prostate cancer risks. For the first time, this study investigated the prospective association between the FSA-NPS individual score and cancer risk. The results suggest that unhealthy food choices may be associated with a 34 % increase in overall cancer risk, supporting the public health relevance of developing front-of-pack nutrition labels based on this score.

  7. When Membership Gives Strength to Act: Inclusion of the Group Into the Self and Feeling of Personal Agency.

    PubMed

    Besta, Tomasz; Mattingly, Brent; Błażek, Magdalena

    2016-01-01

    Identity fusion theory suggests that merging groups into one's personal identity should result in heightened levels of group agency. Research on the self-expansion model complementarily indicates that including others into the self is linked to a greater feeling of self-efficacy. Across three correlational studies, we examined whether personal and group identity fusion is associated with stronger feelings of personal agency, and we propose that relatively stable feelings of clarity of self-concept would mediate this association. Individuals strongly fused with a country (Studies 1-3) and family (Study 2) exhibited greater feelings of agency and goal-adherence, and self-concept clarity emerged as a significant mediator of this association when controlling for group identification measures.

  8. Enhancing Nutrition Security via India's National Food Security Act: Using an Axe instead of a Scalpel?§

    PubMed Central

    Desai, Sonalde; Vanneman, Reeve

    2016-01-01

    In September 2013, India passed a historic National Food Security Act. This paper examines the potential impact of the two central pillars of this act - expansion of the Public Distribution System and strengthening of the Integrated Child Development Schemes – on child nutrition. Using new data from the India Human Development Survey of 2011-12, this paper shows that access to subsidized grains via PDS is not related to improved child nutrition, and while ICDS seems to be related to lower child undernutrition, it has a limited reach in spite of the universalization of the program. The paper suggests that a tiered strategy in dealing with child undernutrition that starts with the identification of undernourished children and districts and follows through with different strategies for dealing with severe, acute malnutrition, followed by a focus on moderate malnutrition, could be more effective than the existing focus on cereal distribution rooted in the NFSA. PMID:27034596

  9. The Regulation of Medical Computer Software as a “Device” under the Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act

    PubMed Central

    Brannigan, Vincent

    1986-01-01

    Recent developments in computer software have raised the possibility that federal regulators may claim to control medical computer software as a “device” under the Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act. The purpose of this paper is to analyze the FDCA to determine whether computer software is included in the statutory scheme, examine constitutional arguments relating to computer software, and discuss regulatory principles that should be taken into account when deciding appropriate regulation. This paper is limited to computer program output used by humans in deciding appropriate medical therapy for a patient.

  10. National School Lunch Program and School Breakfast Program: Nutrition Standards for All Foods Sold in School as Required by the Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010. Final rule and interim final rule.

    PubMed

    2016-07-29

    This rule adopts as final, with some modifications, the National School Lunch Program and School Breakfast Program regulations set forth in the interim final rule published in the Federal Register on June 28, 2013. The requirements addressed in this rule conform to the provisions in the Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010 regarding nutrition standards for all foods sold in schools, other than food sold under the lunch and breakfast programs. Most provisions of this final rule were implemented on July 1, 2014, a full year subsequent to publication of the interim final rule. This was in compliance with section 208 of the Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010, which required that State and local educational agencies have at least one full school year from the date of publication of the interim final rule to implement the competitive food provisions. Based on comments received on the interim final rule and implementation experience, this final rule makes a few modifications to the nutrition standards for all foods sold in schools implemented on July 1, 2014. In addition, this final rule codifies specific policy guidance issued after publication of the interim rule. Finally, this rule retains the provision related to the standard for total fat as interim and requests further comment on this single standard.

  11. National School Lunch Program and School Breakfast Program: Nutrition Standards for All Foods Sold in School as Required by the Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010. Final rule and interim final rule.

    PubMed

    2016-07-29

    This rule adopts as final, with some modifications, the National School Lunch Program and School Breakfast Program regulations set forth in the interim final rule published in the Federal Register on June 28, 2013. The requirements addressed in this rule conform to the provisions in the Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010 regarding nutrition standards for all foods sold in schools, other than food sold under the lunch and breakfast programs. Most provisions of this final rule were implemented on July 1, 2014, a full year subsequent to publication of the interim final rule. This was in compliance with section 208 of the Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010, which required that State and local educational agencies have at least one full school year from the date of publication of the interim final rule to implement the competitive food provisions. Based on comments received on the interim final rule and implementation experience, this final rule makes a few modifications to the nutrition standards for all foods sold in schools implemented on July 1, 2014. In addition, this final rule codifies specific policy guidance issued after publication of the interim rule. Finally, this rule retains the provision related to the standard for total fat as interim and requests further comment on this single standard. PMID:27476195

  12. 75 FR 22713 - Implementation of Sanitary Food Transportation Act of 2005

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-30

    ...) Requirements for persons through (e); that intend to separate 73 FR 22720, mammalian and April 25, nonmammalian... findings related to animal feed. In its report, ERG provides an overview of the domestic food supply chain... services to companies for part or sometimes all of their supply chain management function.) In this...

  13. H. R. 3430: Food Contamination Prevention Act. Introduced in the House of Representatives, One Hundredth Congress, First Session, October 6, 1989

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1989-01-01

    This bill was introduced in the House of Representatives on October 6, 1989 for the purpose of amending the Solid Waste Disposal Act to regulate the transportation in commerce of solid waste food by prohibiting certain vehicles from transporting both waste and food, and by requiring health and safety standards for certain vehicles used to transport certain waste and food. Hazardous waste, medical waste, and terminal waste cannot be transported in any vehicle that is also used to transport food, food additives, drugs, or cosmetics.

  14. 77 FR 68787 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for Office of Management and Budget Review...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-16

    ... Register of April 13, 2011 (76 FR 20686), FDA published a 60-day notice requesting public comment on the... Changes; Implementation of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration... Cosmetic Act.'' Also include the FDA docket number found in brackets in the heading of this document....

  15. 76 FR 30724 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for Office of Management and Budget Review...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-26

    ... (75 FR 22599), FDA published a notice of availability of the draft guidance document providing a 60... Information Under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION... Cosmetic Act.'' Also include the FDA docket number found in brackets in the heading of this document....

  16. 78 FR 39734 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Designated New...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-02

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed... Species (MUMS) Animal Health Act of 2004 amended the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (the FD&C...

  17. 76 FR 10605 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for Office of Management and Budget Review...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-25

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for... Minor Use and Minor Species Animal Health Act of 2004 (MUMS Act) amended the Federal Food, Drug,...

  18. 77 FR 59204 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Affidavit of Support Under Section 213A of the Act...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-26

    ... Register on June 1, 2012, at 77 FR 32658, allowing for a 60-day public comment period. USCIS did receive... SECURITY U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services Agency Information Collection Activities: Affidavit of.... Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) will be submitting the following information collection...

  19. 78 FR 69858 - Privacy Act of 1974; Department of Homeland Security/Federal Emergency Management Agency-001...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-21

    ... Management Agency to collect and maintain records on adults displaced from their homes or pre-disaster locations after a Presidentially-declared emergency or disaster. As a result of a biennial review of this... the disaster. As a result, Congress mandated in Section 689c of the Post- Katrina Emergency...

  20. 76 FR 23272 - FY 2011 Emergency Food Assistance Annual Program Statement

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-26

    ...; ] AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT FY 2011 Emergency Food Assistance Annual Program Statement Pursuant to the Food for Peace Act of 2008 and the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (FAA), notice is hereby given that the FY 2011 Emergency Food Assistance Annual Program Statement is available to...

  1. 77 FR 50699 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for Office of Management and Budget Review...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-22

    ... Office of Management and Budget Review; Comment Request; Dietary Supplement Labeling Requirements and Recommendations Under the Dietary Supplement and Nonprescription Drug Consumer Protection Act AGENCY: Food and... review and clearance. Dietary Supplement Labeling Requirements and Recommendations Under the...

  2. EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) evaluation of the gyroscopic wheel cover device under Section 511 of the Motor Vehicle Information and Cost Savings Act. Technical report

    SciTech Connect

    Syria, S.L.

    1983-06-01

    This report announces the conclusions of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) evaluation of the Gyroscopic Wheel Cover under the provisions of Section 511 of the Motor Vehicle Information and Cost Savings Act. The evaluation of the Gyroscopic Wheel Cover device was conducted upon the application of Simmer Wheels, Incorporated. The device is a mechanical assembly which replaces each of the standard wheel covers on a vehicle. The device is claimed to improve fuel economy, handling and braking characteristics, and the life of the brakes and tires.

  3. 49 CFR Appendix A to Part 228 - Requirements of the Hours of Service Act: Statement of Agency Policy and Interpretation

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... for one employee including one hour lunch period) Do. 7 a.m. to 3 p.m. 7 a.m. to 3 p.m. (Two employees... time if it provides a meaningful period of relaxation and if the employee is free of all... Act which do not afford such persons an opportunity for rest, free from interruptions caused by...

  4. 49 CFR Appendix A to Part 228 - Requirements of the Hours of Service Act: Statement of Agency Policy and Interpretation

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... for one employee including one hour lunch period) Do. 7 a.m. to 3 p.m. 7 a.m. to 3 p.m. (Two employees... time if it provides a meaningful period of relaxation and if the employee is free of all... Act which do not afford such persons an opportunity for rest, free from interruptions caused by...

  5. 76 FR 16044 - Agency Information Collection (VAAR Clause 852.236.89, Buy American Act) Under OMB Review

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-22

    ... American Act requires that only domestic construction material shall be used to perform domestic Federal... to accept foreign construction material. VAAR clause 852.236-89 advises bidders of these provisions and requires bidders who choose to submit a bid that includes foreign construction material...

  6. 77 FR 2552 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Substances...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-18

    ... approval requirement for ``food additives;'' section 201(s) of the FD&C Act (21 U.S.C. 321) provides an exemption from the definition of ``food additive'' and thus from the premarket approval requirement, for... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Agency Information Collection Activities;...

  7. 77 FR 32123 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for Office of Management and Budget Review...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-31

    ... the State and Local Level: Review of State and Local Capacities AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration... and clearance. Improving Food Safety and Defense Capacity of the State and Local Level: Review of State and Local Capacities--(OMB Control Number 0910- New) The Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA)...

  8. 21 CFR 900.21 - Application for approval as a certification agency.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Application for approval as a certification agency. 900.21 Section 900.21 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MAMMOGRAPHY QUALITY STANDARDS ACT MAMMOGRAPHY States as Certifiers §...

  9. 21 CFR 900.21 - Application for approval as a certification agency.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Application for approval as a certification agency. 900.21 Section 900.21 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MAMMOGRAPHY QUALITY STANDARDS ACT MAMMOGRAPHY States as Certifiers §...

  10. 21 CFR 900.21 - Application for approval as a certification agency.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Application for approval as a certification agency. 900.21 Section 900.21 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MAMMOGRAPHY QUALITY STANDARDS ACT MAMMOGRAPHY States as Certifiers §...

  11. 21 CFR 900.21 - Application for approval as a certification agency.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Application for approval as a certification agency. 900.21 Section 900.21 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MAMMOGRAPHY QUALITY STANDARDS ACT MAMMOGRAPHY States as Certifiers §...

  12. 19 CFR 12.1 - Cooperation with certain agencies; joint regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY SPECIAL CLASSES OF MERCHANDISE Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, Economic... certain agencies; joint regulations. (a) Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act. The importation into the United States of food, drugs, devices, cosmetics, and tobacco products as defined in section 201 (f),...

  13. 19 CFR 12.1 - Cooperation with certain agencies; joint regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY SPECIAL CLASSES OF MERCHANDISE Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, Economic... certain agencies; joint regulations. (a) Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act. The importation into the United States of food, drugs, devices, cosmetics, and tobacco products as defined in section 201 (f),...

  14. 19 CFR 12.1 - Cooperation with certain agencies; joint regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY SPECIAL CLASSES OF MERCHANDISE Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, Economic... certain agencies; joint regulations. (a) Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act. The importation into the United States of food, drugs, devices, cosmetics, and tobacco products as defined in section 201 (f),...

  15. 19 CFR 12.1 - Cooperation with certain agencies; joint regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY SPECIAL CLASSES OF MERCHANDISE Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, Economic... certain agencies; joint regulations. (a) Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act. The importation into the United States of food, drugs, devices, cosmetics, and tobacco products as defined in section 201 (f),...

  16. Developing a state wellhead protection program: a user's guide to assist state agencies under the Safe Drinking Water Act

    SciTech Connect

    Roy, S.

    1988-07-01

    The 1986 Amendments to the Safe Drinking Water Act established a new Wellhead Protection (WHP) Program to protect ground water that supplies drinking water wells from sources of contamination. Under Section 1428 of the Act, each State must prepare a WHP program and submit it to EPA by June 19, 1989. Although the law requires that every State WHP program must contain specific elements, EPA recognizes that States should be allowed flexibility to tailor program details to best suit their individual needs. The document provides an overview of the major program requirements, presents major messages that a State should consider while developing a WHP program, and presents case-study examples to illustrate how a State might address each element of its WHP program.

  17. 49 CFR Appendix A to Part 228 - Requirements of the Hours of Service Act: Statement of Agency Policy and Interpretation

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... including one hour lunch period) Do. 7 a.m. to 3 p.m. 7 a.m. to 3 p.m. (Two employees scheduled) Do. 7 a.m... time if it provides a meaningful period of relaxation and if the employee is free of all... Act which do not afford such persons an opportunity for rest, free from interruptions caused by...

  18. 49 CFR Appendix A to Part 228 - Requirements of the Hours of Service Act: Statement of Agency Policy and Interpretation

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... including one hour lunch period) Do. 7 a.m. to 3 p.m. 7 a.m. to 3 p.m. (Two employees scheduled) Do. 7 a.m... time if it provides a meaningful period of relaxation and if the employee is free of all... Act which do not afford such persons an opportunity for rest, free from interruptions caused by...

  19. Acting discursively: the development of UK organic food and farming policy networks.

    PubMed

    TOMLINSON, Isobel Jane

    2010-01-01

    This paper documents the early evolution of UK organic food and farming policy networks and locates this empirical focus in a theoretical context concerned with understanding the contemporary policy-making process. While policy networks have emerged as a widely acknowledged empirical manifestation of governance, debate continues as to the concept's explanatory utility and usefulness in situations of network and policy transformation since, historically, policy networks have been applied to "static" circumstances. Recognizing this criticism, and in drawing on an interpretivist perspective, this paper sees policy networks as enacted by individual actors whose beliefs and actions construct the nature of the network. It seeks to make links between the characteristics of the policy network and the policy outcomes through the identification of discursively constructed "storylines" that form a tool for consensus building in networks. This study analyses the functioning of the organic policy networks through the discursive actions of policy-network actors.

  20. 78 FR 16678 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Requirements...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-18

    ... 1986, as Amended by the Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act AGENCY: Food and Drug... Health Education Act of 1986, as Amended by the Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act (OMB Control Number 0910-0671)--Extension On June 22, 2009, the President signed the Family Smoking...

  1. 75 FR 12552 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Requirements...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-16

    ... paperwork ``burden.'' See 5 CFR 1320.3(c)(2). In the Federal Register of August 7, 2007 (72 FR 44138), FTC... 1986, as amended by the Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act AGENCY: Food and Drug... Education Act of 1986 (the Smokeless Tobacco Act), as amended by the Family Smoking Prevention and...

  2. 77 FR 23732 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Regulations Under...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-20

    ... Collection; Comment Request; Regulations Under the Federal Import Milk Act AGENCY: Food and Drug... implementing the Federal Import Milk Act (FIMA). DATES: Submit either electronic or written comments on the... appropriate, and other forms of information technology. Regulations Under the Federal Import Milk Act--21...

  3. 76 FR 61709 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request; FDA Form 3728...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-05

    ... Collection; Comment Request; FDA Form 3728, Animal Generic Drug User Fee Act Cover Sheet AGENCY: Food and... Generic Drug User Fee Act of 2008 (AGDUFA). DATES: Submit either electronic or written comments on the... appropriate, and other forms of information technology. FDA Form 3728, Animal Generic Drug User Fee Act...

  4. 76 FR 32362 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection; Reports and Records Under...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-06

    ... Collection; Reports and Records Under Prescription Drug Marketing Act of 1987 AGENCY: Food and Drug... implementing the Prescription Drug Marketing Act of 1987 (PDMA). DATES: Submit either electronic or written... technology. Prescription Drug Marketing Act of 1987; Administrative Procedures, Policies, and...

  5. 76 FR 5387 - Guidance for Industry and Food and Drug Administration Staff; “`Harmful and Potentially Harmful...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-31

    .... SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: I. Background In the Federal Register of June 10, 2010 (75 FR 32952), FDA announced... Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act''; Availability AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION: Notice... Section 904(e) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act.'' This guidance provides written guidance...

  6. The ethics of postmarketing observational studies of drug safety under section 505(o)(3) of the Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act.

    PubMed

    Evans, Barbara J

    2012-01-01

    In 2007, Congress granted the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) new powers to order pharmaceutical companies to conduct drug safety studies and clinical trials in the postmarketing period after drugs are approved The methodologies include observational studies that examine patients' insurance claims data and clinical records to infer whether drugs are safe in actual clinical practice. Such studies offer a valuable tool for improving drug safety, but they raise ethical and privacy concerns because they would entail widespread use of patients' health information in commercial research by drug manufacturers. This is the first article to explore the ethics of these section 505(0)(3) observational studies, so named after the section of the Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act that authorizes them. Data access problems threaten to make the FDA's section 505(0)(3) study requirements unenforceable. Under existing federal privacy regulations, it appears highly unlikely that pharmaceutical companies will have reliable access to crucial data resources, such as insurance claims data and healthcare records, to use in these studies. State privacy laws present another potential barrier to data access. If pharmaceutical companies do manage to gain access to the needed data, this will raise serious privacy concerns because section 505(0)(3) observational studies do not appear to be covered by any of the major federal regulations that afford ethical and privacy protections to persons whose data are used in research. If the FDA's program of section 505(o)(3) observational studies fails because of the above problems, this failure will have a number of bad consequences: the public will be exposed to avoidable drug safety risks; taxpayers may be forced to bear the costs of having the FDA conduct drug safety investigations that would have been funded by drug manufacturers if data had been available; and, perhaps most troubling, the FDA may be forced to order postmarketing clinical trials to

  7. 78 FR 66746 - Medical Device User Fee and Modernization Act; Notice to Public of Web Site Location of Fiscal...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-06

    ... Innovation Act (Pub. L. 112-144), FDA agreed, in return for additional funding from industry, to meet a... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Medical Device User Fee and Modernization Act; Notice to Public of Web Site Location of Fiscal Year 2014 Proposed Guidance Development AGENCY: Food and...

  8. The peptide hemopressin acts through CB1 cannabinoid receptors to reduce food intake in rats and mice.

    PubMed

    Dodd, Garron T; Mancini, Giacomo; Lutz, Beat; Luckman, Simon M

    2010-05-26

    Hemopressin is a short, nine amino acid peptide (H-Pro-Val-Asn-Phe-Lys-Leu-Leu-Ser-His-OH) isolated from rat brain that behaves as an inverse agonist at the cannabinoid receptor CB(1), and is shown here to inhibit agonist-induced receptor internalization in a heterologous cell model. Since this peptide occurs naturally in the rodent brain, we determined its effect on appetite, an established central target of cannabinoid signaling. Hemopressin dose-dependently decreases night-time food intake in normal male rats and mice, as well as in obese ob/ob male mice, when administered centrally or systemically, without causing any obvious adverse side effects. The normal, behavioral satiety sequence is maintained in male mice fasted overnight, though refeeding is attenuated. The anorectic effect is absent in CB(1) receptor null mutant male mice, and hemopressin can block CB(1) agonist-induced hyperphagia in male rats, providing strong evidence for antagonism of the CB(1) receptor in vivo. We speculate that hemopressin may act as an endogenous functional antagonist at CB(1) receptors and modulate the activity of appetite pathways in the brain.

  9. Dropout Prevention and Reentry Act of 1985. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Education, Arts and Humanities of the Committee on Labor and Human Resources. United States Senate, Ninety-Ninth Congress, First Session on S. 1525 to Amend the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 to Provide Grants to Local Educational Agencies for Dropout Prevention Demonstration Projects (October 17, 1985).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Senate Committee on Labor and Human Resources.

    This document presents the text of the Senate hearing on the Dropout Prevention and Reentry Act of 1985, a bill designed to amend the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 to provide grants to local educational agencies for dropout prevention demonstration projects. Testimony is delivered by Senators Stafford, Pell, Chafee, Bradley,…

  10. Food safety.

    PubMed

    Borchers, Andrea; Teuber, Suzanne S; Keen, Carl L; Gershwin, M Eric

    2010-10-01

    affects the development of the central nervous system and the male reproductive organs. Genetically modified foods present new challenges to regulatory agencies around the world because consumer fears that the possible health risks of these foods have not been allayed. An emerging threat to food safety possibly comes from the increasing use of nanomaterials, which are already used in packaging materials, even though their toxicity remains largely unexplored. Numerous scientific groups have underscored the importance of addressing this issue and developing the necessary tools for doing so. Governmental agencies such as the US Food and Drug Administration and other agencies in the USA and their counterparts in other nations have the increasingly difficult task of monitoring the food supply for these chemicals and determining the human health risks associated with exposure to these substances. The approach taken until recently focused on one chemical at a time and one exposure route (oral, inhalational, dermal) at a time. It is increasingly recognized, however, that many of the numerous chemicals we are exposed to everyday are ubiquitous, resulting in exposure from food, water, air, dust, and soil. In addition, many of these chemicals act on the same target tissue by similar mechanisms. "Mixture toxicology" is a rapidly growing science that addresses the complex interactions between chemicals and investigates the effects of cumulative exposure to such "common mechanism groups" of chemicals. It is to be hoped that this results in a deeper understanding of the risks we face from multiple concurrent exposures and makes our food supply safer.

  11. Eat Local Foods Act

    THOMAS, 112th Congress

    Rep. Pingree, Chellie [D-ME-1

    2011-05-04

    05/20/2011 Referred to the Subcommittee on Early Childhood, Elementary, and Secondary Education. (All Actions) Tracker: This bill has the status IntroducedHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  12. School Food Recovery Act

    THOMAS, 112th Congress

    Rep. Petri, Thomas E. [R-WI-6

    2011-01-06

    02/25/2011 Referred to the Subcommittee on Early Childhood, Elementary, and Secondary Education. (All Actions) Tracker: This bill has the status IntroducedHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  13. School Food Recovery Act

    THOMAS, 112th Congress

    Sen. Feinstein, Dianne [D-CA

    2011-10-17

    10/17/2011 Read twice and referred to the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry. (text of measure as introduced: CR S6604) (All Actions) Tracker: This bill has the status IntroducedHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  14. School Food Modernization Act

    THOMAS, 113th Congress

    Rep. Latham, Tom [R-IA-3

    2013-04-26

    07/08/2013 Referred to the Subcommittee on Early Childhood, Elementary, and Secondary Education. (All Actions) Tracker: This bill has the status IntroducedHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  15. Food Aid Reform Act

    THOMAS, 113th Congress

    Rep. Royce, Edward R. [R-CA-39

    2013-05-15

    05/22/2013 Referred to the Subcommittee on Horticulture, Research, Biotechnology, and Foreign Agriculture. (All Actions) Tracker: This bill has the status IntroducedHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  16. Local School Foods Act

    THOMAS, 112th Congress

    Rep. Welch, Peter [D-VT-At Large

    2011-10-04

    11/18/2011 Referred to the Subcommittee on Early Childhood, Elementary, and Secondary Education. (All Actions) Tracker: This bill has the status IntroducedHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  17. 78 FR 28853 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Postmarket...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-16

    ...The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is announcing an opportunity for public comment on the proposed collection of certain information by the Agency. Under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (the PRA), Federal Agencies are required to publish notice in the Federal Register concerning each proposed collection of information, including each proposed extension of an existing collection of......

  18. 75 FR 24961 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Announcement of Office of Management and Budget...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-06

    ... clearance under 44 U.S.C. 3507. An agency may not conduct or sponsor, and a person is not required to..., Acting Assistant Commissioner for Policy. BILLING CODE 4160-01-S ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Agency Information Collection Activities; Announcement...

  19. 78 FR 33846 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Biological...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-05

    ...The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is announcing an opportunity for public comment on the proposed collection of certain information by the Agency. Under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (the PRA), Federal Agencies are required to publish notice in the Federal Register concerning each proposed collection of information, including each proposed extension of an existing collection of......

  20. 77 FR 8879 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request: Guidance for...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-15

    ...The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is announcing an opportunity for public comment on the proposed collection of certain information by the Agency. Under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (the PRA), Federal Agencies are required to publish notice in the Federal Register concerning each proposed collection of information, including each proposed extension of an existing collection of......

  1. 77 FR 43844 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Generic Drug User...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-26

    ...The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is announcing an opportunity for public comment on the proposed collection of certain information by the Agency. Under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (the PRA), Federal Agencies are required to publish notice in the Federal Register concerning each proposed collection of information and to allow 60 days for public comment in response to the notice.......

  2. 75 FR 34142 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Study of Clinical...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-16

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Study of Clinical Efficacy Information in Professional Labeling and Direct-to... on the proposed collection of certain information by the agency. Under the Paperwork Reduction Act...

  3. 76 FR 61367 - Medical Device User Fee and Modernization Act; Notice to Public of Web Site Location of Fiscal...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-04

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Medical Device User Fee and Modernization Act; Notice to Public of Web Site Location of Fiscal Year 2012 Proposed Guidance Development AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is announcing the Web...

  4. National Security Agency Accountability Act

    THOMAS, 113th Congress

    Rep. Carney, John C., Jr. [D-DE-At Large

    2014-01-15

    03/20/2014 Referred to the Subcommittee on Crime, Terrorism, Homeland Security, and Investigations. (All Actions) Tracker: This bill has the status IntroducedHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  5. 75 FR 42095 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Petition to...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-20

    ... for Dietary Supplements AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Food..., Labeling, or Holding Operations for Dietary Supplements--21 CFR 111.75(a)(1)(ii) (OMB Control Number 0910-0608)-- Extension On October 25, 1994, the Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act (DSHEA)...

  6. 78 FR 68453 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Petition to...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-14

    ... for Dietary Supplements AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Food..., Labeling, or Holding Operations for Dietary Supplements--21 CFR 111.75(a)(1)(ii) (OMB Control Number 0910-0608)-- Extension The Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act (Pub. L. 103-417) added section...

  7. 77 FR 38302 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Announcement of Office of Management and Budget...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-27

    ... Drug Administration Amendments Act of 2007'' to OMB for review and clearance under 44 U.S.C. 3507. An... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Agency Information Collection Activities; Announcement of Office of Management and Budget Approval; Implementation of the Food and Drug Administration...

  8. 75 FR 78673 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection; Comment Request-Study To Assess...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-16

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE... Food Security in the Post- American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) Environment AGENCY: Food and... (ARRA) Environment. DATES: Written comments must be received on or before February 14, 2011....

  9. 77 FR 16515 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection; Comment Request-School Breakfast...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-21

    ... the NSLA (National School Lunch Act). The Program is administered at the State and school food... Collection; Comment Request--School Breakfast Program AGENCY: Food and Nutrition Service (FNS), USDA. ACTION.... SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Title: School Breakfast Program Information Collection Request (ICR) Renewal....

  10. 77 FR 71750 - DSM Nutritional Products; Filing of Food Additive Petition (Animal Use)

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-04

    ... Additive Petition (Animal Use) AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION: Notice of petition... petition proposing that the food additive regulations be amended to provide for the safe use of benzoic..., and Cosmetic Act (section 409(b)(5) (21 U.S.C. 348(b)(5))), notice is given that a food...

  11. 78 FR 21085 - Establishment of a Public Docket for Administrative Detention Under the Food and Drug...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-09

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration 21 CFR Chapter I Establishment of a Public Docket for Administrative Detention Under the Food and Drug Administration Safety and Innovation Act AGENCY: Food and Drug... Administration (FDA) is announcing the establishment of a public docket for comments pertaining to...

  12. Listeria monocytogenes in the Chinese food system: strain characterization through partial actA sequencing and tissue-culture pathogenicity assays.

    PubMed

    Zhou, Xiaohui; Jiao, Xinan; Wiedmann, Martin

    2005-03-01

    Human listeriosis is generally caused by consumption of ready-to-eat (RTE) foods that are stored for extended periods of time at refrigeration temperatures and that permit the growth of the causative agent, Listeria monocytogenes. Food-consumption patterns in China are undergoing rapid changes and more regular consumption of refrigerated-storage RTE foods may increase the risk of human listeriosis. In total, 40 L. monocytogenes isolates were obtained from food (n=32) and sewage (n=6) samples and from two human listeriosis cases that occurred in China. All isolates were characterized into molecular subtypes by DNA sequencing of the 597 bp 3'-terminal region of the virulence gene actA. Sequence data were used to classify the 40 Chinese L. monocytogenes isolates into sequence types and phylogenetic lineages, and to compare the sequence types of the Chinese isolates with those of isolates from the USA. Phylogenetic analyses showed that the Chinese isolates could be separated into two genetic lineages, with 14 and 26 isolates belonging to lineages I and II, respectively. Lineage II could be subdivided further into two clusters, IIA and IIB. Lineages I and II were identical to the two lineages described previously among US L. monocytogenes isolates. In total, 14 actA sequence types could be differentiated among the 40 Chinese L. monocytogenes isolates; two specific actA sequence types were found among both Chinese and US isolates. Isolates belonging to lineage II showed a significantly lower ability to invade and multiply within human intestinal epithelial Caco-2 cells than lineage I isolates. It was concluded that DNA sequencing of the 3'-terminal region of actA appears to be an effective method for rapid subtype and lineage classification of L. monocytogenes. As strains belonging to lineages I and II have previously been found among isolates from Europe and North America, these results show that L. monocytogenes clonal groups found in China are very similar to those

  13. Cued to Act on Impulse: More Impulsive Choice and Risky Decision Making by Women Susceptible to Overeating after Exposure to Food Stimuli

    PubMed Central

    Yeomans, Martin R.; Brace, Aaron

    2015-01-01

    There is increasing evidence that individual differences in tendency to overeat relate to impulsivity, possibly by increasing reactivity to food-related cues in the environment. This study tested whether acute exposure to food cues enhanced impulsive and risky responses in women classified on tendency to overeat, indexed by scores on the three factor eating questionnaire disinhibition (TFEQ-D), restraint (TFEQ-R) and hunger scales. Ninety six healthy women completed two measures of impulsive responding (delayed discounting, DDT and a Go No-Go, GNG, task) and a measure of risky decision making (the balloon analogue risk task, BART) as well as questionnaire measures of impulsive behaviour either after looking at a series of pictures of food or visually matched controls. Impulsivity (DDT) and risk-taking (BART) were both positively associated with TFEQ-D scores, but in both cases this effect was exacerbated by prior exposure to food cues. No effects of restraint were found. TFEQ-D scores were also related to more commission errors on the GNG, while restrained women were slower on the GNG, but neither effect was modified by cue exposure. Overall these data suggest that exposure to food cues act to enhance general impulsive responding in women at risk of overeating and tentatively suggest an important interaction between tendency for impulsive decision making and food cues that may help explain a key underlying risk factor for overeating. PMID:26378459

  14. Cued to Act on Impulse: More Impulsive Choice and Risky Decision Making by Women Susceptible to Overeating after Exposure to Food Stimuli.

    PubMed

    Yeomans, Martin R; Brace, Aaron

    2015-01-01

    There is increasing evidence that individual differences in tendency to overeat relate to impulsivity, possibly by increasing reactivity to food-related cues in the environment. This study tested whether acute exposure to food cues enhanced impulsive and risky responses in women classified on tendency to overeat, indexed by scores on the three factor eating questionnaire disinhibition (TFEQ-D), restraint (TFEQ-R) and hunger scales. Ninety six healthy women completed two measures of impulsive responding (delayed discounting, DDT and a Go No-Go, GNG, task) and a measure of risky decision making (the balloon analogue risk task, BART) as well as questionnaire measures of impulsive behaviour either after looking at a series of pictures of food or visually matched controls. Impulsivity (DDT) and risk-taking (BART) were both positively associated with TFEQ-D scores, but in both cases this effect was exacerbated by prior exposure to food cues. No effects of restraint were found. TFEQ-D scores were also related to more commission errors on the GNG, while restrained women were slower on the GNG, but neither effect was modified by cue exposure. Overall these data suggest that exposure to food cues act to enhance general impulsive responding in women at risk of overeating and tentatively suggest an important interaction between tendency for impulsive decision making and food cues that may help explain a key underlying risk factor for overeating. PMID:26378459

  15. 9 CFR 381.224 - Designation of States under section 11 of the Act; application of sections of the Act and the...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Designation of States under section 11 of the Act; application of sections of the Act and the regulations. 381.224 Section 381.224 Animals and Animal Products FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE AGENCY...

  16. 9 CFR 331.6 - Designation of States under section 205 of the Act; application of sections of the Act and the...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Designation of States under section 205 of the Act; application of sections of the Act and the regulations. 331.6 Section 331.6 Animals and Animal Products FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE AGENCY...

  17. The Effect of Philadelphia and Pennsylvania Clean Indoor Air Act on Food Services and Drinking Places Sales and Numbers, 1998-2011

    PubMed Central

    Fisher, Monica A.

    2013-01-01

    Introduction Philadelphia enacted its Clean Indoor Air Act (CIAA) nearly 2 years before the statewide CIAA. In this study, we assessed the economic impact of CIAAs on 4 types of food services and drinking places and addressed the predominant limitation of previous pre–post ban studies, namely the lack of control for confounders and changes in secular trends over time. Methods We analyzed data from Pennsylvania Department of Revenue Quarterly 1998–2011 taxable county-level revenue sales and number of food services and drinking places. Region-specific and type-specific adjusted sales and number of food services and drinking places accounted for consumer spending as a general economic indicator. Segmented regression analysis of interrupted time-series methodology assessed changes in trend and level. Results Pennsylvania CIAA had no significant effect on adjusted sales or numbers except for an increase in sales in Philadelphia for limited-service eating places and in the surrounding 4 counties for special food services. Philadelphia CIAA was associated with an increase in adjusted numbers of full-service restaurants in Philadelphia and the rest of the state, special food services in Philadelphia, and drinking places in the rest of the state, and a decrease in the number of special food services in the surrounding counties. Philadelphia CIAA had no significant effect on adjusted sales except for an increase in special food services in the rest of the state. Conclusion Overall, CIAAs had no negative business-related impact and, for the most part, suggest a positive impact on restaurant sales and numbers. Our results provide further support for comprehensive CIAA ordinance for restaurants. PMID:24286275

  18. 78 FR 41803 - Establishment of a Public Docket for Comment on the Report Prepared Under the Food and Drug...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-11

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Establishment of a Public Docket for Comment on the Report Prepared Under the Food and Drug Administration Safety and Innovation Act Section 1138 AGENCY: Food and... Drug Administration (FDA) is announcing the establishment of a public docket for comments pertaining...

  19. Neonicotinoids impact bumblebee colony fitness in the field; a reanalysis of the UK’s Food & Environment Research Agency 2012 experiment

    PubMed Central

    2015-01-01

    The causes of bee declines remain hotly debated, particularly the contribution of neonicotinoid insecticides. In 2013 the UK’s Food & Environment Research Agency made public a study of the impacts of exposure of bumblebee colonies to neonicotinoids. The study concluded that there was no clear relationship between colony performance and pesticide exposure, and the study was subsequently cited by the UK government in a policy paper in support of their vote against a proposed moratorium on some uses of neonicotinoids. Here I present a simple re-analysis of this data set. It demonstrates that these data in fact do show a negative relationship between both colony growth and queen production and the levels of neonicotinoids in the food stores collected by the bees. Indeed, this is the first study describing substantial negative impacts of neonicotinoids on colony performance of any bee species with free-flying bees in a field realistic situation where pesticide exposure is provided only as part of normal farming practices. It strongly suggests that wild bumblebee colonies in farmland can be expected to be adversely affected by exposure to neonicotinoids. PMID:25825679

  20. Emission projections for the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Section 812 second prospective Clean Air Act cost/benefit analysis.

    PubMed

    Wilson, James H; Mullen, Maureen A; Bollman, Andrew D; Thesing, Kirstin B; Salhotra, Manish; Divita, Frank; Neumann, James E; Price, Jason C; DeMocker, James

    2008-05-01

    Section 812 of the Clean Air Act Amendments (CAAA) of 1990 requires the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to perform periodic, comprehensive analyses of the total costs and total benefits of programs implemented pursuant to the CAAA. The first prospective analysis was completed in 1999. The second prospective analysis was initiated during 2005. The first step in the second prospective analysis was the development of base and projection year emission estimates that will be used to generate benefit estimates of CAAA programs. This paper describes the analysis, methods, and results of the recently completed emission projections. There are several unique features of this analysis. One is the use of consistent economic assumptions from the Department of Energy's Annual Energy Outlook 2005 (AEO 2005) projections as the basis for estimating 2010 and 2020 emissions for all sectors. Another is the analysis of the different emissions paths for both with and without CAAA scenarios. Other features of this analysis include being the first EPA analysis that uses the 2002 National Emission Inventory files as the basis for making 48-state emission projections, incorporating control factor files from the Regional Planning Organizations (RPOs) that had completed emission projections at the time the analysis was performed, and modeling the emission benefits of the expected adoption of measures to meet the 8-hr ozone National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS), the Clean Air Visibility Rule, and the PM2.5 NAAQS. This analysis shows that the 1990 CAAA have produced significant reductions in criteria pollutant emissions since 1990 and that these emission reductions are expected to continue through 2020. CAAA provisions have reduced volatile organic compound (VOC) emissions by approximately 7 million t/yr by 2000, and are estimated to produce associated VOC emission reductions of 16.7 million t by 2020. Total oxides of nitrogen (NO(x)) emission reductions attributable to the

  1. Emission projections for the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Section 812 second prospective Clean Air Act cost/benefit analysis.

    PubMed

    Wilson, James H; Mullen, Maureen A; Bollman, Andrew D; Thesing, Kirstin B; Salhotra, Manish; Divita, Frank; Neumann, James E; Price, Jason C; DeMocker, James

    2008-05-01

    Section 812 of the Clean Air Act Amendments (CAAA) of 1990 requires the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to perform periodic, comprehensive analyses of the total costs and total benefits of programs implemented pursuant to the CAAA. The first prospective analysis was completed in 1999. The second prospective analysis was initiated during 2005. The first step in the second prospective analysis was the development of base and projection year emission estimates that will be used to generate benefit estimates of CAAA programs. This paper describes the analysis, methods, and results of the recently completed emission projections. There are several unique features of this analysis. One is the use of consistent economic assumptions from the Department of Energy's Annual Energy Outlook 2005 (AEO 2005) projections as the basis for estimating 2010 and 2020 emissions for all sectors. Another is the analysis of the different emissions paths for both with and without CAAA scenarios. Other features of this analysis include being the first EPA analysis that uses the 2002 National Emission Inventory files as the basis for making 48-state emission projections, incorporating control factor files from the Regional Planning Organizations (RPOs) that had completed emission projections at the time the analysis was performed, and modeling the emission benefits of the expected adoption of measures to meet the 8-hr ozone National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS), the Clean Air Visibility Rule, and the PM2.5 NAAQS. This analysis shows that the 1990 CAAA have produced significant reductions in criteria pollutant emissions since 1990 and that these emission reductions are expected to continue through 2020. CAAA provisions have reduced volatile organic compound (VOC) emissions by approximately 7 million t/yr by 2000, and are estimated to produce associated VOC emission reductions of 16.7 million t by 2020. Total oxides of nitrogen (NO(x)) emission reductions attributable to the

  2. 76 FR 59073 - Privacy Act

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-23

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY 32 CFR Part 1901 Privacy Act AGENCY: Central Intelligence Agency. ACTION: Proposed rule. SUMMARY: Consistent with the Privacy Act (PA), the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) has undertaken and completed...

  3. Child and Adult Care Food Program: Meal Pattern Revisions Related to the Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010. Final rule.

    PubMed

    2016-04-25

    This final rule updates the meal pattern requirements for the Child and Adult Care Food Program to better align them with the Dietary Guidelines for Americans, as required by the Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010. This rule requires centers and day care homes participating in the Child and Adult Care Food Program to serve more whole grains and a greater variety of vegetables and fruit, and reduces the amount of added sugars and solid fats in meals. In addition, this final rule supports mothers who breastfeed and improves consistency with the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children and with other Child Nutrition Programs. Several of the changes are extended to the National School Lunch Program, School Breakfast Program, and Special Milk Program. These changes are based on the Dietary Guidelines for Americans, science-based recommendations made by the National Academy of Medicine (formerly the Institute of Medicine of the National Academies), cost and practical considerations, and stakeholder's input. This is the first major revision of the Child and Adult Care Food Program meal patterns since the Program's inception in 1968. These improvements to the meals served in the Child and Adult Care Food Program are expected to safeguard the health of young children by ensuring healthy eating habits are developed early, and improve the wellness of adult participants. PMID:27116762

  4. Child and Adult Care Food Program: Meal Pattern Revisions Related to the Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010. Final rule.

    PubMed

    2016-04-25

    This final rule updates the meal pattern requirements for the Child and Adult Care Food Program to better align them with the Dietary Guidelines for Americans, as required by the Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010. This rule requires centers and day care homes participating in the Child and Adult Care Food Program to serve more whole grains and a greater variety of vegetables and fruit, and reduces the amount of added sugars and solid fats in meals. In addition, this final rule supports mothers who breastfeed and improves consistency with the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children and with other Child Nutrition Programs. Several of the changes are extended to the National School Lunch Program, School Breakfast Program, and Special Milk Program. These changes are based on the Dietary Guidelines for Americans, science-based recommendations made by the National Academy of Medicine (formerly the Institute of Medicine of the National Academies), cost and practical considerations, and stakeholder's input. This is the first major revision of the Child and Adult Care Food Program meal patterns since the Program's inception in 1968. These improvements to the meals served in the Child and Adult Care Food Program are expected to safeguard the health of young children by ensuring healthy eating habits are developed early, and improve the wellness of adult participants.

  5. 76 FR 13643 - FDA Food Safety Modernization Act: Title III-A New Paradigm for Importers; Public Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-14

    ... purpose of the public meeting is to provide interested persons an opportunity to discuss implementation of... imported foods and animal feed and lessons learned through equivalence determinations. The public hearing... statute directs FDA to issue implementing regulations, including provisions on conflicts of...

  6. Report to the Legislature on: School Breakfast and Summer Food Service Programs. MGL Chapter 15 Section 1G(f) and Chapter 61 of the Acts of 2007 Line Item 7053-1925

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Massachusetts Department of Education, 2008

    2008-01-01

    The paper presents the report on "School Breakfast and Summer Food Service Program." Pursuant to Chapter 61 of the Acts of 2007 line item 7053-1925 and Massachusetts General Laws (MGL) chapter 15 section 1G(f), this report is submitted to the Legislature. An Act establishing school-based Nutrition and Child Hunger Relief Programs was signed into…

  7. GLP-1 and estrogen conjugate acts in the supramammillary nucleus to reduce food-reward and body weight.

    PubMed

    Vogel, Heike; Wolf, Stefanie; Rabasa, Cristina; Rodriguez-Pacheco, Francisca; Babaei, Carina S; Stöber, Franziska; Goldschmidt, Jürgen; DiMarchi, Richard D; Finan, Brian; Tschöp, Matthias H; Dickson, Suzanne L; Schürmann, Annette; Skibicka, Karolina P

    2016-11-01

    The obesity epidemic continues unabated and currently available pharmacological treatments are not sufficiently effective. Combining gut/brain peptide, GLP-1, with estrogen into a conjugate may represent a novel, safe and potent, strategy to treat diabesity. Here we demonstrate that the central administration of GLP-1-estrogen conjugate reduced food reward, food intake, and body weight in rats. In order to determine the brain location of the interaction of GLP-1 with estrogen, we avail of single-photon emission computed tomography imaging of regional cerebral blood flow and pinpoint a brain site unexplored for its role in feeding and reward, the supramammillary nucleus (SUM) as a potential target of the conjugated GLP-1-estrogen. We confirm that conjugated GLP-1 and estrogen directly target the SUM with site-specific microinjections. Additional microinjections of GLP-1-estrogen into classic energy balance controlling nuclei, the lateral hypothalamus (LH) and the nucleus of the solitary tract (NTS) revealed that the metabolic benefits resulting from GLP-1-estrogen injections are mediated through the LH and to some extent by the NTS. In contrast, no additional benefit of the conjugate was noted on food reward when the compound was microinjected into the LH or the NTS, identifying the SUM as the only neural substrate identified here to underlie the reward reducing benefits of GLP-1 and estrogen conjugate. Collectively we discover a surprising neural substrate underlying food intake and reward effects of GLP-1 and estrogen and uncover a new brain area capable of regulating energy balance and reward. PMID:27496691

  8. 77 FR 1073 - Privacy Act of 1974; Report of an Altered System of Records, Including Addition of Routine Uses...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-09

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Privacy Act of 1974; Report of an Altered System of Records, Including Addition of Routine Uses to an Existing System of Records; Bioresearch Monitoring Information System AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION: Notice of an altered system of records....

  9. PF-05231023, a long-acting FGF21 analogue, decreases body weight by reduction of food intake in non-human primates.

    PubMed

    Thompson, W Clayton; Zhou, Yingjiang; Talukdar, Saswata; Musante, Cynthia J

    2016-08-01

    PF-05231023, a long-acting FGF21 analogue, is a promising potential pharmacotherapy for the treatment of obesity and associated comorbidities. Previous studies have shown the potential of FGF21 and FGF21-like compounds to decrease body weight in mice, non-human primates, and humans; the precise mechanisms of action remain unclear. In particular, there have been conflicting reports on the degree to which FGF21-induced weight loss in non-human primates is attributable to a decrease in food intake versus an increase in energy expenditure. Here, we present a semi-mechanistic mathematical model of energy balance and body composition developed from similar work in mice. This model links PF-05231023 administration and washout to changes in food intake, which in turn drives changes in body weight. The model is calibrated to and compared with recently published data from cynomolgus macaques treated with PF-05231023, demonstrating its accuracy in describing pharmacotherapy-induced weight loss in these animals. The results are consistent with the hypothesis that PF-05231023 decreases body weight in cynomolgus macaques solely by a reduction in food intake, with no direct effect on energy expenditure. PMID:27405817

  10. Tetrahydro-beta-carboline alkaloids that occur in foods and biological systems act as radical scavengers and antioxidants in the ABTS assay.

    PubMed

    Herraiz, Tomas; Galisteo, Juan

    2002-08-01

    Tetrahydro-beta-carboline alkaloids that occur in foods such as wine, seasonings, vinegar and fruit products juices, jams) acted as good radical scavengers (hydrogen- or electron donating) in the ABTS (2,2'-Azinobis-(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid)) assay, and therefore, they could contribute to the beneficial antioxidant capacity attributed to foods. In contrast, the fully aromatic beta-carbolines norharman and harman did not show any radical scavenger activity in the same assay. During the reaction with ABTS.+ radical cation, tetrahydro-beta-carboline-3-carboxylic acid such as 1-methyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-beta-carboline-3-carboxylic acid (MTCA) and 1-methyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-beta-carboline-1,3-dicarboxylic acid (MTCA-COOH) were converted to harman, whereas 1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-beta-carboline-3-carboxylic acid (THCA) and 1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-beta-carboline-1,3-dicarboxylic acid (THCA-COOH) afforded norharman. These results suggest that food and naturally-occurring tetrahydro-beta-carboline alkaloids if accumulated in tissues, as reported elsewhere, might exhibit antioxidant activity.

  11. Prioritizing health and community food security through the farm bill.

    PubMed

    Kaiser, Michelle L

    2013-01-01

    Food security and health are complex interrelated issues. Individual characteristics exist within the physical and built environments. Title IV of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 is analyzed in terms of how it addresses systemic food insecurity and the opportunities the policy has for improving public health by increasing support for the availability of affordable local produce to low-income households. Structural changes need to occur for programs to be equitable, efficient, and effective. Interdisciplinary leadership within government agencies, school systems, social service agencies, health care agencies, and nonprofit networks is necessary to ensure food security and health for all Americans. Social work and public health practitioners have the opportunity to change the status quo, encourage community-level interventions, advocate for producers and consumers, and encourage more equitable distribution of food to create a healthier low-income population.

  12. 76 FR 25538 - Criteria Used To Order Administrative Detention of Food for Human or Animal Consumption

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-05

    ... detention of food for human or animal consumption under the Bioterrorism Act (68 FR 25242 at 25250). The... rule) in the Federal Register of May 9, 2003 (68 FR 25242), proposing procedures for the administrative detention of an article of food. In the Federal Register of June 4, 2004 (69 FR 31660), the Agency...

  13. EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) evaluation of the HYDRO-VAC device under Section 511 of the Motor Vehicle Information and Cost Savings Act. Technical report

    SciTech Connect

    Syria, S.L.

    1983-08-01

    This document announces the conclusions of the EPA evaluation of the HYDRO-VAC device under section 511 of the Motor Vehicle Information and Cost Savings Act. The evaluation of the HYDRO-VAC device was conducted upon the application of the manufacturer. The product is claimed to improved fuel economy and performance for both gasoline and diesel fueled vehicles.

  14. Nucleus accumbens neurotransmission and effort-related choice behavior in food motivation: effects of drugs acting on dopamine, adenosine, and muscarinic acetylcholine receptors.

    PubMed

    Nunes, Eric J; Randall, Patrick A; Podurgiel, Samantha; Correa, Mercè; Salamone, John D

    2013-11-01

    Mesolimbic dopamine (DA) is a critical component of the brain circuitry regulating behavioral activation and effort-related processes. Although nucleus accumbens (NAc) DA depletions or antagonism leave aspects of appetite and primary food motivation intact, rats with impaired DA transmission reallocate their instrumental behavior away from food-reinforced tasks with high response requirements, and instead select less effortful food-seeking behaviors. Previous work showed that adenosine A2A antagonists can reverse the effects of DA D2 antagonists on effort-related choice, and that stimulation of adenosine A2A receptors produces behavioral effects that are similar to those induced by DA antagonism. The present review summarizes the literature on the role of NAc DA and adenosine in effort-related processes, and also presents original data on the effects of local stimulation of muscarinic acetylcholine receptors in NAc core. Local injections of the muscarinic agonist pilocarpine directly into NAc core produces shifts in effort-related choice behavior similar to those induced by DA antagonism or A2A receptor stimulation, decreasing lever pressing but increasing chow intake in rats responding on a concurrent fixed ratio/chow feeding choice task. In contrast, injections into a neostriatal control site dorsal to the NAc were ineffective. The actions of pilocarpine on this task were attenuated by co-administration of the muscarinic antagonist scopolamine. Thus, drugs that act on DA, adenosine A2A, and muscarinic receptors regulate effort-related choice behavior, which may have implications for the treatment of psychiatric symptoms such as psychomotor slowing, fatigue or anergia that can be observed in depression and other disorders.

  15. 77 FR 43841 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for Office of Management and Budget Review...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-26

    ... Required by the Dietary Supplement and Nonprescription Drug Consumer Protection Act AGENCY: Food and Drug... Nonprescription Human Drug Products Marketed Without an Approved Application as Required by the Dietary Supplement... December 22, 2006, the President signed into law the Dietary Supplement and Nonprescription Drug...

  16. 77 FR 56847 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Electronic...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-14

    ... use error occurs. This risk identification process is the first necessary step that allows the Agency... description of the article of food; (2) Affected product identification codes, such as Universal Product Code...)(3) and microorganisms. conditional). (4) of the FD&C Act. Microbial Reduction Treatment...

  17. 77 FR 38303 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Announcement of Office of Management and Budget...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-27

    ... Office of Management and Budget Approval; State Enforcement Notifications AGENCY: Food and Drug... collection of information entitled ``State Enforcement Notifications'' has been approved by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION...

  18. 76 FR 71041 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Announcement of Office of Management and Budget...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-16

    ... Office of Management and Budget Approval; State Petitions for Exemption for Preemption AGENCY: Food and... that a collection of information entitled ``State Petitions for Exemption for Preemption'' has been approved by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995....

  19. 75 FR 75475 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Index of Legally...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-03

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed... Control Number 0910-0620)--Extension The Minor Use and Minor Species Animal Health Act of 2004 (MUMS...

  20. 75 FR 75481 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Index of Legally...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-03

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed... Control Number 0910-0620)--Extension The Minor Use and Minor Species Animal Health Act of 2004 (MUMS...

  1. Summary of the proceedings of the Defense Nuclear Agency Conference on Arms Control and Verification Technology (ACT), 1--4 June 1992

    SciTech Connect

    Van Keuren, J.

    1992-12-01

    The first Defense Nuclear Agency Conference on Arms Control and Verification Technology provided an international forum for over 200 individuals from the arms control verification technology and national security communities for discussion on the future of arms control verification and technology developments. Papers were presented in the following sessions: Future Arms Control Initiatives, Interface between Intelligence and Arms Control, Lessons Learned, Proliferation in a Changing World Technologies -- Roles and Applications, and Economics of Arms Control. Plenary sessions for general presentations on the future role of verification technology and negotiating and implementing verification measures. The conference papers will be published separately.

  2. EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) evaluation of the Cyclone-Z device under Section 511 of the Motor Vehicle Information and Cost Savings Act. Technical report

    SciTech Connect

    Syria, S.L.

    1983-01-01

    This document announces the conclusions of the EPA evaluation of the Cyclone-Z device under the provisions of Section 511 of the Motor Vehicle Information and Cost Savings Act. The evaluation of the Cyclone-Z device was conducted upon receiving an application from the marketer. The device is claimed to improve fuel economy and driveability and to reduce exhaust emissions. EPA fully considered all of the information submitted by the applicant. The evaluation of the Cyclone-Z device was based on that information, EPA's engineering judgement, and its experience with other air bleed devices.

  3. EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) evaluation of the P. S. C. U. 01 device under section 511 of the Motor Vehicle Information and Cost Savings Act. Technical report

    SciTech Connect

    Syria, S.L.

    1983-08-01

    This document announces the conclusions of the EPA evaluation of the 'P.S.C.U. 01' device under the provisions of Section 511 of the Motor Vehicle Information and Cost Savings Act. The evaluation of the P.S.C.U. 01 was conducted upon the application of Dutch Pacific, Incorporated. The device is comprised of several mechanical and electrical components and is intended to generate steam and deliver it to the combustion chamber via an inline catalyst. The device is claimed to improve fuel economy and to reduce exhaust emissions. The P.S.C.U. 01 is classified by EPA as a Vapor bleed device.

  4. 78 FR 35155 - Establishing a List of Qualifying Pathogens Under the Food and Drug Administration Safety and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-12

    ...The Food and Drug Administration (FDA or Agency) is proposing a regulation to establish a list of ``qualifying pathogens'' that have the potential to pose a serious threat to public health. The proposed rule would implement a provision of the Generating Antibiotic Incentives Now (GAIN) title of the Food and Drug Administration Safety and Innovation Act (FDASIA). GAIN is intended to encourage......

  5. 78 FR 28851 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Guidance for...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-16

    ... Center for Veterinary Medicine Using the Food and Drug Administration's Electronic Submission Gateway AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Food and Drug Administration (FDA... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Agency Information Collection Activities;...

  6. 76 FR 15281 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection; Comment Request-Evaluation of the...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-21

    ... study will assess the quality and quantity of nutrition information available to school food authorities... Food and Nutrition Service Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection; Comment... Authorities About Food Service Products and Commodities AGENCY: Food and Nutrition Service (FNS), USDA....

  7. 76 FR 368 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Announcement of Office of Management and Budget...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-04

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Agency Information Collection Activities; Announcement of Office of Management and Budget Approval; Food Labeling Regulations AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration... of information entitled ``Food Labeling Regulations'' has been approved by the Office of...

  8. 75 FR 65636 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for Office of Management and Budget Review...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-26

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for... Assessment AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Food and Drug... INFORMATION CONTACT: Elizabeth Berbakos, Office of Information Management, Food and Drug Administration,...

  9. 77 FR 11547 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for Office of Management and Budget Review...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-27

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for... Whole Grain Labeling Statements on Food Packages AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is announcing that a proposed collection...

  10. 76 FR 40376 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for Office of Management and Budget Review...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-08

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for... Requirements AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Food and Drug... INFORMATION CONTACT: Jonna Capezzuto, Office of Information Management, Food and Drug Administration,...

  11. 75 FR 6037 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Guidance for...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-05

    ... enter the human food chain immediately at the completion of an investigational study. CVM's monitoring... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed... Medicine AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Food and...

  12. 76 FR 12967 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Channels of Trade...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-09

    ... and food-processing industries that handle food products that may contain residues of pesticide... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed... Pursuant to Dietary Risk Considerations AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION: Notice....

  13. Response of the US EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) region 5 states to the nonpoint source reporting requirements of the 1987 Clean Water Act amendments. Technical report

    SciTech Connect

    Hautman, N.

    1988-01-01

    This report attempts to determine the extent of nonpoint source pollution in Region V. The report analyzes and summarizes the nonpoint source and clean lakes reports required under the Clean Water Act amendments of 1987. The reports share common elements such as a focus on agricultural sources and the use of hard data as well as professional judgment. However, they differ in overall design, definitions of key elements, level of analysis, thoroughness, and effectiveness. The summary considers the reports from two aspects: structure and the extent to which they comply with Sec. 319 and U.S. EPA reports as they are constructed. Information in the 305 (b) reports adds to the scope of each state's nonpoint source program and is referred to here. Following the summary is a discussion, accompanied by appropriate tables, of the nonpoint source pollution extent.

  14. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) evaluation of the Super-Mag Fuel Extender under Section 511 of the Motor Vehicle Information and Cost Savings Act. Technical report

    SciTech Connect

    Ashby, H.A.

    1982-01-01

    This document announces the conclusions of the EPA evaluation of the 'Super-Mag Fuel Extender' device under provisions of Section 511 of the Motor Vehicle Information and Cost Savings Act. On December 10, 1980, the EPA received a written request from the Metropolitan Denver District Attorney's Office of Consumer Fraud and Economic Crime to test at least one 'cow magnet' type of fuel economy device. Following a survey of devices being marketed, the Metropolitan Denver District Attorney's Office selected the 'Super-Mag' device as typical of its category and on April 13, 1981 provided EPA with units for testing. The EPA evaluation of the device using three vehicles showed neither fuel economy nor exhaust emissions were affected by the installation of the 'Super-Mag' device. In addition, any differences between baseline test results and results from tests with the device installed were within the range of normal test variability.

  15. 75 FR 52944 - Privacy Act of 1974; System of Records

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-30

    ... AGENCY Privacy Act of 1974; System of Records AGENCY: Federal Housing Finance Agency. ACTION: Notice of... Privacy Act of 1974, as amended (Privacy Act), the Federal Housing Finance Agency (FHFA) gives notice of a proposed Privacy Act system of records to replace a system of records issued by FHFA's predecessor...

  16. 78 FR 17403 - No FEAR Act Notice

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-21

    ... each predecessor agency published its own No FEAR Act notice during 2006 (See 71 FR 63761 (Oct. 31, 2006) and 71 FR 70525 (Dec. 5, 2006)), FHFA is now publishing its own notice to affirm its commitment... AGENCY No FEAR Act Notice AGENCY: Federal Housing Finance Agency. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The...

  17. 77 FR 57013 - Privacy Act; Implementation

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-17

    ... of the Secretary 32 CFR Part 319 Privacy Act; Implementation AGENCY: Defense Intelligence Agency, DoD. ACTION: Direct final rule with request for comments. SUMMARY: The Defense Intelligence Agency is updating the Defense Intelligence Agency Privacy Act Program, by adding the (k)(2) exemption to...

  18. 9 CFR 354.46 - Misrepresentation; deceptive or fraudulent acts or practices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Misrepresentation; deceptive or fraudulent acts or practices. 354.46 Section 354.46 Animals and Animal Products FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE AGENCY ORGANIZATION AND TERMINOLOGY; MANDATORY MEAT AND...

  19. 9 CFR 354.46 - Misrepresentation; deceptive or fraudulent acts or practices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Misrepresentation; deceptive or fraudulent acts or practices. 354.46 Section 354.46 Animals and Animal Products FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE AGENCY ORGANIZATION AND TERMINOLOGY; MANDATORY MEAT AND POULTRY PRODUCTS INSPECTION AND VOLUNTARY INSPECTION...

  20. 76 FR 79195 - Animal Generic Drug User Fee Act; Reopening of the Comment Period

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-21

    ...The Food and Drug Administration (FDA or Agency) is extending to January 15, 2013, the comment period for the notice of public meeting; request for public comments, published in the Federal Register of September 20, 2011 (76 FR 58277). In that notice, FDA requested comments on the Animal Generic Drug User Fee Act (AGDUFA) program to date and solicited suggestions regarding the features FDA......

  1. FDA Food Safety Modernization Act

    THOMAS, 111th Congress

    Sen. Durbin, Richard [D-IL

    2009-03-03

    11/30/2010 Passed Senate with an amendment by Yea-Nay Vote. 73 - 25. Record Vote Number: 257. (All Actions) Notes: For further action, see H.R.2751, which became Public Law 111-353 on 1/4/2011. Tracker: This bill has the status Passed SenateHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  2. 29 CFR 20.3 - Agency responsibilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... credit reporting agency on delinquent consumer debts from a system of records subject to the Privacy Act of 1974, 5 U.S.C. 552a, must be maintained by the Department of Labor in accordance with that Act... the credit reporting agency with the Fair Credit Reporting Act (15 U.S.C. 1681 et seq.) and any...

  3. 76 FR 40677 - Farm Service Agency

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-11

    ... Farm Service Agency Information Collection; United States Warehouse Act (USWA) AGENCY: Farm Service... States Warehouse Act (USWA). DATES: We will consider comments that we receive by September 9, 2011... INFORMATION: Title: United States Warehouse Act (USWA). OMB Control Number: 0560-0120. Expiration Date...

  4. Feasibility Study of Anaerobic Digestion of Food Waste in St. Bernard, Louisiana. A Study Prepared in Partnership with the Environmental Protection Agency for the RE-Powering America's Land Initiative: Siting Renewable Energy on Potentially Contaminated Land and Mine Sites

    SciTech Connect

    Moriarty, K.

    2013-01-01

    The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) developed the RE-Powering America's Land initiative to re-use contaminated sites for renewable energy generation when aligned with the community's vision for the site. The former Kaiser Aluminum Landfill in St. Bernard Parish, Louisiana, was selected for a feasibility study under the program. Preliminary work focused on selecting a biomass feedstock. Discussions with area experts, universities, and the project team identified food wastes as the feedstock and anaerobic digestion (AD) as the technology.

  5. 45 CFR 13.27 - Agency review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Agency review. 13.27 Section 13.27 Public Welfare... ACT IN AGENCY PROCEEDINGS Procedures for Considering Applications § 13.27 Agency review. (a) The... an appeal of the merits. (b) If either the applicant or the agency's litigating party seeks review...

  6. 3 CFR - Assignment of Functions Under the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010; the...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Department of the Interior, Environment, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2010 Presidential Documents..., 2010; and the Department of the Interior, Environment, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2010... Department of the Interior, Environment, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2010 (Public Law...

  7. 76 FR 6470 - Agency Information Collection Activities

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-04

    ... COMMISSION Agency Information Collection Activities AGENCY: Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. ACTION: Notice of Information Collection--Request For An Extension Without Change: State and Local Government Information Report (EEO-4). SUMMARY: In accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act, the Equal...

  8. 76 FR 6470 - Agency Information Collection Activities

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-04

    ... OPPORTUNITY COMMISSION Agency Information Collection Activities AGENCY: Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. ACTION: Notice of Information Collection--Extension Without Change: Elementary-Secondary Staff Information Report (EEO-5). SUMMARY: In accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act, the Equal...

  9. 76 FR 14439 - No FEAR Act Notice

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-16

    ... TRANSPARENCY BOARD No FEAR Act Notice AGENCY: Recovery Accountability and Transparency Board. ACTION: Notice... and Retaliation Act (No FEAR Act or Act), as implemented by Office of Personnel Management (OPM... No FEAR Act. See Public Law 107-174, codified at 5 U.S.C. 2301 note. One purpose of the Act is...

  10. 78 FR 44092 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request: Supplemental...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-23

    ... Food and Nutrition Service Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request: Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program: State Agency Options AGENCY: Food and Nutrition... is a revision ] of the currently approved burden for the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance...

  11. Maintaining Agency Direction on Financial Fraud Act

    THOMAS, 112th Congress

    Rep. Posey, Bill [R-FL-15

    2011-07-20

    08/22/2011 Referred to the Subcommittee on Capital Markets and Government Sponsored Enterprises. (All Actions) Tracker: This bill has the status IntroducedHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  12. Accountability and Transparency in Rating Agencies Act

    THOMAS, 111th Congress

    Rep. Kanjorski, Paul E. [D-PA-11

    2009-10-21

    12/17/2010 Placed on the Union Calendar, Calendar No. 406. (All Actions) Notes: For further action, see H.R.4173, which became Public Law 111-203 on 7/21/2010. Tracker: This bill has the status IntroducedHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  13. Expansion of National Security Agency Oversight Act

    THOMAS, 113th Congress

    Rep. Carney, John C., Jr. [D-DE-At Large

    2014-01-15

    03/20/2014 Referred to the Subcommittee on Crime, Terrorism, Homeland Security, and Investigations. (All Actions) Tracker: This bill has the status IntroducedHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  14. Independent Agency Regulatory Analysis Act of 2012

    THOMAS, 112th Congress

    Sen. Portman, Rob [R-OH

    2012-08-01

    08/01/2012 Read twice and referred to the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs. (All Actions) Tracker: This bill has the status IntroducedHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  15. Independent Agency Regulatory Analysis Act of 2013

    THOMAS, 113th Congress

    Sen. Portman, Rob [R-OH

    2013-06-18

    06/18/2013 Read twice and referred to the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs. (All Actions) Tracker: This bill has the status IntroducedHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  16. Consumer Financial Protection Agency Act of 2009

    THOMAS, 111th Congress

    Rep. Frank, Barney [D-MA-4

    2009-07-08

    12/09/2009 Reported (Amended) by the Committee on Energy and Commerce. H. Rept. 111-367, Part I. (All Actions) Notes: For further action, see H.R.4173, which became Public Law 111-203 on 7/21/2010. Tracker: This bill has the status IntroducedHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  17. 76 FR 70509 - Agency Sunshine Act Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-14

    ... Rule--Part 750 of NCUA's Rules and Regulations, Golden Parachute and Indemnification Payments... Rate. 8. NCUA's Operating Fee Scale. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Mary Rupp, Secretary of the...

  18. 75 FR 77607 - Privacy Act of 1974; Proposed New System of Records; Veterinary Medicine Loan Repayment Program

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-13

    ... Office of the Secretary Privacy Act of 1974; Proposed New System of Records; Veterinary Medicine Loan Repayment Program AGENCY: National Institute of Food and Agriculture, USDA. ACTION: Notice of a proposed new...), establishing a new Veterinary Medicine Loan Repayment Program (7 U.S.C. 3151a) which authorizes the...

  19. 75 FR 13241 - Request for Comment on Implementation of the Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-19

    ... its provisions to the regulation promulgated by FDA in 1996 (61 FR 44396, August 28, 1996) (1996 final... Implementation of the Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS... advertising of cigarettes and smokeless tobacco. Elsewhere in this issue of the Federal Register, FDA...

  20. 78 FR 23569 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Announcement of Office of Management and Budget...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-19

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Agency Information Collection Activities; Announcement of... Listing AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Food and...

  1. 78 FR 23568 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for Office of Management and Budget Review...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-19

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for... Waiver Applications AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Food and...

  2. 77 FR 17004 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection; Comment Request-Supplemental...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-23

    ... Food and Nutrition Service Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection; Comment Request--Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program, Administrative Review Requirements--Food Retailers and Wholesalers AGENCY: Food and Nutrition Service (FNS), USDA. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: In accordance with...

  3. 75 FR 4077 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for Office of Management and Budget Review...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-26

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for... Cattle AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Food and Drug... and Drug Administration, 5600 Fishers Lane, Rockville, MD 20857, 301-796-3793....

  4. 76 FR 11788 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Infant Formula...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-03

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Infant Formula Label Statements Experimental Study AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is announcing an...

  5. 78 FR 46347 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Announcement of Office of Management and Budget...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-31

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Agency Information Collection Activities; Announcement of Office of Management and Budget Approval; Environmental Impact Considerations AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is announcing that...

  6. 76 FR 62341 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection; Comment Request-School Foodservice...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-07

    ..., contact John Endahl, Senior Program Analyst, Office of Research and Analysis, Food and Nutrition Service... Food and Nutrition Service Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection; Comment Request--School Foodservice Indirect Cost Study AGENCY: Food and Nutrition Service (FNS), United...

  7. 77 FR 37413 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Announcement of Office of Management and Budget...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-21

    ... Coronary Heart Disease Health Claim AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is announcing that a collection of information entitled ``Record... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Agency Information Collection Activities; Announcement...

  8. 77 FR 74021 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Announcement of Office of Management and Budget...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-12

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Agency Information Collection Activities; Announcement of Office of Management and Budget Approval; Experimental Study: Disease Information in Branded Promotional Material AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Food and...

  9. 77 FR 26284 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for Office of Management and Budget Review...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-03

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for... of Harmful and Potentially Harmful Tobacco Constituents AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is announcing that a proposed...

  10. 77 FR 23267 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Guidance for...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-18

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed... Medical Device User Fee Small Business Qualification and Certification AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is announcing an...

  11. 77 FR 26281 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Registration and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-03

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed... Product Establishments and Listing of Ingredients in Tobacco Products AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ] ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is announcing an...

  12. 75 FR 27791 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Invitation to...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-18

    ... Labeling and Information Electronically for all Devices Cleared by the Food and Drug Administration for Home Use; Notice of Pilot Program AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Agency Information Collection Activities;...

  13. 78 FR 42960 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for Office of Management and Budget Review...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-18

    ... laboratory testing, including final release testing and stability testing. Each PET drug production facility... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for... Emission Tomography Drugs AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Food...

  14. 77 FR 72321 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Supplemental Form...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-05

    ... Food and Nutrition Service Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Supplemental Form for Collecting Taxpayer Identifying Numbers AGENCY: Food and Nutrition Service... Porter, Director, Office of Internal Controls, Audits and Investigations, Food and Nutrition Service,...

  15. 76 FR 71576 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Announcement of Office of Management and Budget...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-18

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Agency Information Collection Activities; Announcement of Office of Management and Budget Approval; Premarket Notification for a New Dietary Ingredient AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Food and Drug Administration (FDA)...

  16. 75 FR 80823 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Announcement of Office of Management and Budget...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-23

    ... Domestic Tobacco Product Establishments and Listing of Ingredients in Tobacco Products AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is announcing... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Agency Information Collection Activities; Announcement...

  17. 76 FR 58562 - Additional Designations, Foreign Narcotics Kingpin Designation Act

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-21

    ... the Attorney General, the Director of the Central Intelligence Agency, the Director of the Federal... Designation Act AGENCY: Office of Foreign Assets Control, Treasury. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The...

  18. The Results Act: a challenging management framework.

    PubMed

    Caudle, S L

    2001-01-01

    This article provides the reader with a basic understanding of the Government Performance and Results Act of 1993. The Act requires federal agencies to institute a planning and reporting management framework to achieve results. It also identifies challenges federal agencies face in implementing a stronger results management approach and promising practices agencies can use in crafting their management approach. PMID:14680035

  19. 28 CFR 58.14 - Automatic expiration of agencies' status as approved agencies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Automatic expiration of agencies' status...) REGULATIONS RELATING TO THE BANKRUPTCY REFORM ACTS OF 1978 AND 1994 § 58.14 Automatic expiration of agencies... approved agency immediately prior to the date it last obtained approval to be an approved agency, such...

  20. 28 CFR 58.14 - Automatic expiration of agencies' status as approved agencies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Automatic expiration of agencies' status...) REGULATIONS RELATING TO THE BANKRUPTCY REFORM ACTS OF 1978 AND 1994 § 58.14 Automatic expiration of agencies... approved agency immediately prior to the date it last obtained approval to be an approved agency, such...

  1. FCC and the Sunshine Act.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weiss, Kenneth

    The Sunshine Act, designed to encourage open meetings to increase public understanding of the governmental decision-making process, went into effect in March 1977. A total of 50 agencies, including the Federal Communications Commission (FCC), are subject to the provisions of the Sunshine Act. The act lists 10 exemptions, any of which can result in…

  2. National School Lunch Program and School Breakfast Program: nutrition standards for all foods sold in school as required by the Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010. Interim final rule.

    PubMed

    2013-06-28

    This interim final rule amends the National School Lunch Program and School Breakfast Program regulations to establish nutrition standards for all foods sold in schools, other than food sold under the lunch and breakfast programs. Amendments made by Section 208 of the Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010 (HHFKA) require the Secretary to establish nutrition standards for such foods, consistent with the most recent Dietary Guidelines for Americans, and directs the Secretary to consider authoritative scientific recommendations for nutrition standards; existing school nutrition standards, including voluntary standards for beverages and snack foods; current State and local standards; the practical application of the nutrition standards; and special exemptions for infrequent school-sponsored fundraisers (other than fundraising through vending machines, school stores, snack bars, à la carte sales and any other exclusions determined by the Secretary). In addition, this interim final rule requires schools participating in the National School Lunch Program and School Breakfast Program to make potable water available to children at no charge in the place where lunches are served during the meal service, consistent with amendments made by section 203 of the HHFKA, and in the cafeteria during breakfast meal service. This interim final rule is expected to improve the health and well-being of the Nation's children, increase consumption of healthful foods during the school day, and create an environment that reinforces the development of healthy eating habits.

  3. National School Lunch Program and School Breakfast Program: nutrition standards for all foods sold in school as required by the Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010. Interim final rule.

    PubMed

    2013-06-28

    This interim final rule amends the National School Lunch Program and School Breakfast Program regulations to establish nutrition standards for all foods sold in schools, other than food sold under the lunch and breakfast programs. Amendments made by Section 208 of the Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010 (HHFKA) require the Secretary to establish nutrition standards for such foods, consistent with the most recent Dietary Guidelines for Americans, and directs the Secretary to consider authoritative scientific recommendations for nutrition standards; existing school nutrition standards, including voluntary standards for beverages and snack foods; current State and local standards; the practical application of the nutrition standards; and special exemptions for infrequent school-sponsored fundraisers (other than fundraising through vending machines, school stores, snack bars, à la carte sales and any other exclusions determined by the Secretary). In addition, this interim final rule requires schools participating in the National School Lunch Program and School Breakfast Program to make potable water available to children at no charge in the place where lunches are served during the meal service, consistent with amendments made by section 203 of the HHFKA, and in the cafeteria during breakfast meal service. This interim final rule is expected to improve the health and well-being of the Nation's children, increase consumption of healthful foods during the school day, and create an environment that reinforces the development of healthy eating habits. PMID:23833807

  4. Consumer protection act for digital products

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hampel, Viktor E.

    1996-03-01

    This report proposes a `Consumer Protection Act for Digital Products' to support electronic commerce and to control the increasing abuse and lack of security on the national information highways. Patterned after the `Food and Drug Act of 1906 (21 USC)' and subsequent legislation, a new agency similar to that of the FDA would have the authority `to develop administrative policy with regard to the safety, effectiveness, and labeling of digital products and their communications for human use, and to review and evaluate new applications of such products.' Specifically, it is proposed that standards, originally developed by the defense industry for the labeling, enveloping, and authentication of digital products delivered to the Government, be extended to promote global electronic commerce by protecting the intellectual property rights of producers, establishing their liability for the end-use of digital products, and give consumers means for informed decision making and purchase.

  5. 77 FR 57015 - Privacy Act; Implementation

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-17

    ... of the Secretary 32 CFR Part 319 Privacy Act; Implementation AGENCY: Defense Intelligence Agency, DoD... that have been previously claimed for the records in another Privacy Act system of records. DIA is updating the DIA Privacy Act Program by adding the (k)(2) and (k)(5) exemptions to accurately describe...

  6. 76 FR 58266 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Reporting...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-20

    ... Requirements for BEACH Act Grants (Renewal) AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Notice... states, territories, and tribes. Title: Reporting Requirements for BEACH Act Grants (Renewal). ICR.... Abstract: The Beaches Environmental Assessment and Coastal Health (BEACH) Act amends the Clean Water...

  7. 77 FR 15593 - Privacy Act; Implementation

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-16

    ... of the Secretary 32 CFR Part 319 Privacy Act; Implementation AGENCY: Defense Intelligence Agency, DoD. ACTION: Direct final rule with request for comments. SUMMARY: The Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA) is... the Defense Intelligence Agency Program rules. These changes will allow the Department to...

  8. 76 FR 49659 - Privacy Act; Implementation

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-11

    ... of the Secretary 32 CFR Part 319 Privacy Act; Implementation AGENCY: Defense Intelligence Agency, DoD. ACTION: Direct final rule with request for comments. SUMMARY: The Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA) is... the Defense Intelligence Agency Program rules. These changes will allow the Department to...

  9. 77 FR 15592 - Privacy Act; Implementation

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-16

    ... of the Secretary 32 CFR Part 319 Privacy Act; Implementation AGENCY: Defense Intelligence Agency, DoD. ACTION: Direct final rule with request for comments. SUMMARY: The Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA) is... rule makes nonsubstantive changes to the Defense Intelligence Agency Program rules. This will...

  10. 77 FR 15590 - Privacy Act; Implementation

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-16

    ... of the Secretary 32 CFR Part 319 Privacy Act; Implementation AGENCY: Defense Intelligence Agency, DoD. ACTION: Direct final rule with request for comments. SUMMARY: Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA) is.... This direct final rule makes nonsubstantive changes to the Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA)...

  11. 77 FR 57016 - Privacy Act; Implementation

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-17

    ... of the Secretary 32 CFR Part 319 Privacy Act; Implementation AGENCY: Defense Intelligence Agency, DoD. ACTION: Direct final rule with request for comments. SUMMARY: Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA) is... Intelligence Agency Program rules. These changes will allow the Department to add exemption rules to the...

  12. 77 FR 15591 - Privacy Act; Implementation

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-16

    ... of the Secretary 32 CFR Part 319 Privacy Act; Implementation AGENCY: Defense Intelligence Agency, DoD. ACTION: Direct final rule with request for comments. SUMMARY: The Defense Intelligence Agency is deleting... makes nonsubstantive changes to the Defense Intelligence Agency Privacy Program rules. These...

  13. 40 CFR 1500.6 - Agency authority.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 33 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Agency authority. 1500.6 Section 1500.6 Protection of Environment COUNCIL ON ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY PURPOSE, POLICY, AND MANDATE § 1500.6 Agency authority. Each agency shall interpret the provisions of the Act as a supplement to its...

  14. British Chinese Children: Agency and Action

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clayton, Carmen Lau

    2013-01-01

    The assumption that Chinese young people are passive beings with little or no agency is a dominant theme within the academic literature. However PhD research findings demonstrate how British Chinese adolescents (aged 11-14) do exhibit varying degrees of agency in their lives. Here, agency is understood as individuals having the capacity to act, to…

  15. 29 CFR 1604.6 - Employment agencies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... BECAUSE OF SEX § 1604.6 Employment agencies. (a) Section 703(b) of the Civil Rights Act specifically... of sex. The Commission has determined that private employment agencies which deal exclusively with one sex are engaged in an unlawful employment practice, except to the extent that such agencies...

  16. Principles of the Unification of Our Agency

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roth, Klas

    2011-01-01

    Do we need principles of the unification of our agency, our mode of acting? Immanuel Kant and Christine Korsgaard argue that the reflective structure of our mind forces us to have some conception of ourselves, others and the world--including our agency--and that it is through will and reason, and in particular principles of our agency, that we…

  17. 31 CFR 6.15 - Agency review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Agency review. 6.15 Section 6.15... EQUAL ACCESS TO JUSTICE ACT Procedures for Considering Applications § 6.15 Agency review. Either the applicant or agency counsel may seek review of the initial decision on the fee application, or the...

  18. 29 CFR 1604.6 - Employment agencies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... BECAUSE OF SEX § 1604.6 Employment agencies. (a) Section 703(b) of the Civil Rights Act specifically... of sex. The Commission has determined that private employment agencies which deal exclusively with one sex are engaged in an unlawful employment practice, except to the extent that such agencies...

  19. 29 CFR 1604.6 - Employment agencies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... BECAUSE OF SEX § 1604.6 Employment agencies. (a) Section 703(b) of the Civil Rights Act specifically... of sex. The Commission has determined that private employment agencies which deal exclusively with one sex are engaged in an unlawful employment practice, except to the extent that such agencies...

  20. 29 CFR 1604.6 - Employment agencies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... BECAUSE OF SEX § 1604.6 Employment agencies. (a) Section 703(b) of the Civil Rights Act specifically... of sex. The Commission has determined that private employment agencies which deal exclusively with one sex are engaged in an unlawful employment practice, except to the extent that such agencies...

  1. 29 CFR 1604.6 - Employment agencies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... BECAUSE OF SEX § 1604.6 Employment agencies. (a) Section 703(b) of the Civil Rights Act specifically... of sex. The Commission has determined that private employment agencies which deal exclusively with one sex are engaged in an unlawful employment practice, except to the extent that such agencies...

  2. 31 CFR 6.15 - Agency review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Agency review. 6.15 Section 6.15... EQUAL ACCESS TO JUSTICE ACT Procedures for Considering Applications § 6.15 Agency review. Either the applicant or agency counsel may seek review of the initial decision on the fee application, or the...

  3. 78 FR 73872 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Logistics...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-09

    ... SECURITY Federal Emergency Management Agency Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Logistics Capability Assistance Tool (LCAT) AGENCY: Federal Emergency Management Agency... accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, this notice seeks comments concerning the...

  4. Delivering Improved Nutrition: Dairy Ingredients in Food Aid Products.

    PubMed

    Schlossman, Nina

    2016-03-01

    The United States has a long history of food assistance for humanitarian need. The Food for Peace Act of 1954 established the United States' permanent food assistance program which has fed over 3 billion people in 150 countries worldwide through thousands of partner organizations. In 60 years, the program has evolved and will continue to do so. Recently, the program has gone from a focus on quantity of food shipped to quality food assistance from improved products, programs, and processes to effectively meet the needs of different vulnerable groups. The current debate focuses on the appropriateness of using fortified blended foods to prevent and treat malnutrition during the first 1000 days of life. Dairy ingredients have been at the center of this debate; they were included initially in fortified blended, removed in the 1980s, and now reincorporated into fortified therapeutic and supplemental foods. Improved quality food baskets and effective nutrition programming to prevent and treat malnutrition were developed through multisectoral collaboration between government and nongovernment organizations. The US Agency for International Development has focused on improving nutrition through development programs often tied to health, education, and agriculture. The years since 2008 have been a particularly intense period for improvement. The Food Aid Quality Review was established to update current food aid programming products, program implementation, cost-effectiveness, and interagency processes. Trials are underway to harmonize the areas of multisectoral nutrition programming and gather more evidence on the effects of dairy ingredients in food aid products.

  5. cDNA microarray screening in food safety.

    PubMed

    Roy, Sashwati; Sen, Chandan K

    2006-04-01

    The cDNA microarray technology and related bioinformatics tools presents a wide range of novel application opportunities. The technology may be productively applied to address food safety. In this mini-review article, we present an update highlighting the late breaking discoveries that demonstrate the vitality of cDNA microarray technology as a tool to analyze food safety with reference to microbial pathogens and genetically modified foods. In order to bring the microarray technology to mainstream food safety, it is important to develop robust user-friendly tools that may be applied in a field setting. In addition, there needs to be a standardized process for regulatory agencies to interpret and act upon microarray-based data. The cDNA microarray approach is an emergent technology in diagnostics. Its values lie in being able to provide complimentary molecular insight when employed in addition to traditional tests for food safety, as part of a more comprehensive battery of tests.

  6. 21 CFR 1230.2 - Scope of the act.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Scope of the act. 1230.2 Section 1230.2 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) REGULATIONS... CAUSTIC POISON ACT General Provisions § 1230.2 Scope of the act. The provisions of the act apply to...

  7. 21 CFR 1210.2 - Scope of act.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Scope of act. 1210.2 Section 1210.2 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) REGULATIONS UNDER... MILK ACT General Provisions § 1210.2 Scope of act. The provisions of the act apply to all milk...

  8. 3 CFR - Freedom of Information Act

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... the Heads of Executive Departments and Agencies A democracy requires accountability, and... disinfectants.” In our democracy, the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA), which encourages accountability...

  9. 77 FR 16548 - Clean Air Act Advisory Committee

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-21

    ... AGENCY Clean Air Act Advisory Committee AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Request for Nominations to the Clean Air Act Advisory Committee. SUMMARY: The U.S. Environmental Protection... appointment to its Clean Air Act Advisory Committee (CAAAC). Applications are due by May 1, 2012 and...

  10. 75 FR 57740 - Privacy Act of 1974; System of Records

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-22

    ... of the Secretary Privacy Act of 1974; System of Records AGENCY: Defense Information Systems Agency, DoD. ACTION: Notice to add a system of records. SUMMARY: The Defense Information Systems Agency is... INFORMATION: The Defense Information Systems Agency system of records notices subject to the Privacy Act...

  11. 78 FR 25414 - Privacy Act of 1974, System of Records

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-01

    ...; ] AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT Privacy Act of 1974, System of Records AGENCY: United States Agency... of records maintained in accordance with the Privacy Act of 1974, (5 U.S.C. 552a), as amended... comments: Paper Comments Fax: (703) 666-1466. Mail: Chief Privacy Officer, United States Agency...

  12. 76 FR 59139 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for Office of Management and Budget Review...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-23

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for...: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ] ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is... CONTACT: Juanmanuel Vilela, Office of Information Management, Food and Drug Administration, 1350...

  13. 21 CFR 25.45 - Responsible agency official.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Responsible agency official. 25.45 Section 25.45 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT CONSIDERATIONS Preparation of Environmental Documents § 25.45 Responsible agency...

  14. 21 CFR 25.45 - Responsible agency official.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Responsible agency official. 25.45 Section 25.45 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT CONSIDERATIONS Preparation of Environmental Documents § 25.45 Responsible agency...

  15. 21 CFR 25.45 - Responsible agency official.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Responsible agency official. 25.45 Section 25.45 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT CONSIDERATIONS Preparation of Environmental Documents § 25.45 Responsible agency...

  16. 21 CFR 25.45 - Responsible agency official.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Responsible agency official. 25.45 Section 25.45 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT CONSIDERATIONS Preparation of Environmental Documents § 25.45 Responsible agency...

  17. 21 CFR 25.45 - Responsible agency official.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Responsible agency official. 25.45 Section 25.45 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT CONSIDERATIONS Preparation of Environmental Documents § 25.45 Responsible agency...

  18. Leucine acts in the brain to suppress food intake but does not function as a physiological signal of low dietary protein.

    PubMed

    Laeger, Thomas; Reed, Scott D; Henagan, Tara M; Fernandez, Denise H; Taghavi, Marzieh; Addington, Adele; Münzberg, Heike; Martin, Roy J; Hutson, Susan M; Morrison, Christopher D

    2014-08-01

    Intracerebroventricular injections of leucine are sufficient to suppress food intake, but it remains unclear whether brain leucine signaling represents a physiological signal of protein balance. We tested whether variations in dietary and circulating levels of leucine, or all three branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs), contribute to the detection of reduced dietary protein. Of the essential amino acids (EAAs) tested, only intracerebroventricular injection of leucine (10 μg) was sufficient to suppress food intake. Isocaloric low- (9% protein energy; LP) or normal- (18% protein energy) protein diets induced a divergence in food intake, with an increased consumption of LP beginning on day 2 and persisting throughout the study (P < 0.05). Circulating BCAA levels were reduced the day after LP diet exposure, but levels subsequently increased and normalized by day 4, despite persistent hyperphagia. Brain BCAA levels as measured by microdialysis on day 2 of diet exposure were reduced in LP rats, but this effect was most prominent postprandially. Despite these diet-induced changes in BCAA levels, reducing dietary leucine or total BCAAs independently from total protein was neither necessary nor sufficient to induce hyperphagia, while chronic infusion of EAAs into the brain of LP rats failed to consistently block LP-induced hyperphagia. Collectively, these data suggest that circulating BCAAs are transiently reduced by dietary protein restriction, but variations in dietary or brain BCAAs alone do not explain the hyperphagia induced by a low-protein diet.

  19. Challenges in Developing Competency-based Training Curriculum for Food Safety Regulators in India

    PubMed Central

    Thippaiah, Anitha; Allagh, Komal Preet; Murthy, G. V.

    2014-01-01

    Context: The Food Safety and Standards Act have redefined the roles and responsibilities of food regulatory workforce and calls for highly skilled human resources as it involves complex management procedures. Aims: 1) Identify the competencies needed among the food regulatory workforce in India. 2) Develop a competency-based training curriculum for food safety regulators in the country. 3) Develop training materials for use to train the food regulatory workforce. Settings and Design: The Indian Institute of Public Health, Hyderabad, led the development of training curriculum on food safety with technical assistance from the Royal Society for Public Health, UK and the National Institute of Nutrition, India. The exercise was to facilitate the implementation of new Act by undertaking capacity building through a comprehensive training program. Materials and Methods: A competency-based training needs assessment was conducted before undertaking the development of the training materials. Results: The training program for Food Safety Officers was designed to comprise of five modules to include: Food science and technology, Food safety management systems, Food safety legislation, Enforcement of food safety regulations, and Administrative functions. Each module has a facilitator guide for the tutor and a handbook for the participant. Essentials of Food Hygiene-I (Basic level), II and III (Retail/ Catering/ Manufacturing) were primarily designed for training of food handlers and are part of essential reading for food safety regulators. Conclusion: The Food Safety and Standards Act calls for highly skilled human resources as it involves complex management procedures. Despite having developed a comprehensive competency-based training curriculum by joint efforts by the local, national, and international agencies, implementation remains a challenge in resource-limited setting. PMID:25136155

  20. 40 CFR 791.105 - Prohibited acts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 33 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Prohibited acts. 791.105 Section 791.105 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) TOXIC SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT (CONTINUED) DATA REIMBURSEMENT Prohibited Acts § 791.105 Prohibited acts. Failure to provide...