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Sample records for act nclb requires

  1. NCLB Waivers and Accountability: The Graduation Rate Balancing Act

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Young, Kathryn

    2013-01-01

    When it comes to state education accountability systems, times are changing fast. This is clearer than ever with the advent of not only waivers from No Child Left Behind (NCLB) but also the multitude of state accountability index systems and "A through F" school-grading systems rolling out across the country. The multiple measures of…

  2. Evaluating NCLB

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dee, Thomas; Jacob, Brian

    2010-01-01

    In this article, the authors tackle the question of whether the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act has affected student achievement since its enactment in 2002. They present new research that takes on the challenge of distinguishing the law's effects from the myriad other factors at work over the past eight years. The results suggest that its…

  3. "Adjunct Teachers" Could Do End Run Around NCLB Act

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Honawar, Vaishali

    2006-01-01

    This article discusses a White House proposal that would bring math, science, and engineering professionals into public high schools to teach those subjects, thereby bypassing the "highly qualified" teacher mandate under the No Child Left Behind Act. Education observers consider this merely a temporary solution to easing the shortfall of…

  4. Statewide Educational Accountability Systems under the NCLB Act: A Report on 2009 and 2010 Amendments to State Plans

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Erpenbach, William J.

    2011-01-01

    The conclusion of the 2010-11 school year will mark nine plus years since enactment of the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB). Throughout this period, numerous states--sometimes almost every one--have annually sought to amend the educational accountability systems they first developed as "workbooks" in 2002-03, consistent with the law's…

  5. Accelerating the Pedagogy of Poverty in Urban Schools: Unanticipated Consequences of the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Waxman, Hersh C.; Padron, Yolanda N.; Lee, Yuan-Hsuan

    2010-01-01

    The No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) of 2002 calls for several changes in the K-12 education system in the United States. It focuses on evidence-based educational practices for schools in the United States. This study was part of a large-scale, 8-year research project that examined the quality of classroom instruction from three elementary schools…

  6. States' Perspectives on Waivers: Relief from NCLB, Concern about Long-Term Solutions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McMurrer, Jennifer; Yoshioka, Nanami

    2013-01-01

    On February 9, 2012, U.S. Secretary of Education Arne Duncan granted 10 states waivers of key accountability requirements of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA), as amended by the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act. One year later, applications for this ESEA flexibility, also known as NCLB waivers, had been approved for an additional 24…

  7. Fifty Ways to Leave a Child Behind: Idiosyncrasies and Discrepancies in States' Implementation of NCLB

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davidson, Elizabeth; Reback, Randall; Rockoff, Jonah; Schwartz, Heather L.

    2015-01-01

    The No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act required states to adopt accountability systems measuring student proficiency on state-administered exams. The federal legislation contained several strict requirements for NCLB implementation, such as escalating student proficiency targets that reach 100% proficiency by 2014. But it also gave states…

  8. NCLB--Year for Change

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Odland, Jerry

    2007-01-01

    Much debate continues about whether the 2001 No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) has actually improved the academic achievement level of poorly performing students or only created yet another layer of government oversight to an already heavily burdened public school system. Drafted in 2001 and signed into law in January 2002, NCLB provided the…

  9. Learning from NCLB: School Responses to Accountability Pressure and Student Subgroup Performance. Policy Brief. RB-54

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weinbaum, Elliot H.; Weiss, Michael J.; Beaver, Jessica K.

    2012-01-01

    Prior to the mandatory testing and reporting required by the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB), school improvement efforts were shown to lack coherence (Newman, Smith, Allensworth, & Bryk, 2001) and often included conflicting programs (Hatch, 2002). Part of the theory of performance-based accountability in general, and NCLB in particular, was…

  10. State and Local Implementation of the "No Child Left Behind Act." Volume II--Teacher Quality under "NCLB": Interim Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Birman, Beatrice F.; Le Floch, Kerstin Carlson; Klekotka, Amy; Ludwig, Meredith; Taylor, James; Walters, Kirk; Wayne, Andrew; Yoon, Kwang-Suk

    2007-01-01

    This report presents findings about teacher quality from two longitudinal studies, the National Longitudinal Study of "No Child Left Behind" (NLS-"NCLB"), and the Study of State Implementation of Accountability and Teacher Quality Under "No Child Left Behind" (SSI-"NCLB"). The research teams for these two studies have collaborated to provide an…

  11. The Impact of the Adequate Yearly Progress Requirement of the Federal "No Child Left Behind" Act on Schools in the Great Lakes Region. Executive Summary

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wiley, Edward W.; Mathis, William J.; Garcia, David R.

    2005-01-01

    This executive summary describes a study that finds nearly every school in the Great Lakes states is threatened to fail the Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP) requirements mandated by the federal "No Child Left Behind" (NCLB) Act. NCLB holds schools and districts accountable for student achievement on state standardized tests and schools that do not…

  12. The Impact of the Adequate Yearly Progress Requirement of the Federal "No Child Left Behind" Act on Schools in the Great Lakes Region

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wiley, Edward W.; Mathis, William J.; Garcia, David R.

    2005-01-01

    This study finds that nearly every school in the Great Lakes states is threatened to fail the Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP) requirements mandated by the federal "No Child Left Behind" (NCLB) Act. NCLB holds schools and districts accountable for student achievement on state standardized tests and schools that do not make AYP face sanctions. A…

  13. The Demands of Data under NCLB.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yeagley, Raymond

    2003-01-01

    Advises administrators not to procrastinate on their district's compilation of disaggregated data on student achievement and teacher qualifications. Outlines the data requirements for NCLB compliance. (MLF)

  14. Complicated Choices: Struggling to Meet NCLB Requirements AND Remain Faithful to a School's Educational Vision and Practice. An Occasional Paper

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Travers, Eva

    2009-01-01

    In an era of high-stakes accountability, school leaders often face contradictory pressures as they strive to improve student performance. They must meet the federal mandate of NCLB for student achievement; at the same time, many believe that NCLB constrains their professional judgment about how to best teach and assess students in the context of…

  15. Optimizing State Policy Implementation: The Case of the Scientific Based Research Components of the NCLB Act

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mohammed, Shereeza; Pisapia, John; Walker, David A.

    2009-01-01

    A hypothesized model of state implementation of federal policy was extracted from empirical studies to discover the strategies states can use to gain compliance more cost effectively. Sixteen factors were identified and applied to the implementation of the Scientific Based Research provisions of the No Child Left Behind Act. Data collected from…

  16. NCLB: Conspiracy, Compliance, or Creativity?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mizell, Hayes

    This speech addresses the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) and educators' and policymakers' reactions to it. The talk focuses on three ways people are responding to the Act. Some, according to the speaker, consider the law to be malevolent and a conspiracy by the Bush Administration to start handing education over to private corporations. This camp…

  17. Teacher Quality, Controversy, and NCLB

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Porter-Magee, Kathleen

    2004-01-01

    No Child Left Behind (NCLB)--the sweeping federal law that requires all schools that receive federal Title I dollars to be held strictly accountable for student outcomes--is the most discussed education reform effort in the past half century. One of the many controversial and vexing elements of the law, especially among teachers, teacher unions,…

  18. Striving for the Best: New Mexico's Need to Strengthen Parent Involvement in Public Schools. NCLB and Recommendations Regarding the Vital Role of Parents and Guardians in Achieving Student and School Success

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Appleseed, 2008

    2008-01-01

    Parent involvement in New Mexico, and around the nation, is an essential element in the success of students and their schools. This simple point anchors the federal law known as the "No Child Left Behind Act of 2001" ("NCLB"). NCLB establishes state, district and school requirements designed to promote more effective parent involvement. The belief…

  19. What Impact Will NCLB Waivers Have on the Consistency, Complexity and Transparency of State Accountability Systems?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Riddle, Wayne

    2012-01-01

    In September 2011, the Obama Administration initiated a program to grant states waivers of several significant requirements of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA), as amended by the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB). This initiative grew out of a concern that "in its implementation, No Child Left Behind had some serious flaws that are…

  20. The Highly Qualified Teacher Under NCLB

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reese, Susan

    2004-01-01

    When President George W. Bush signed the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) into law in January 2002, it was generally described as the most sweeping national education reform that had been enacted in decades. Amending the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) of 1965, the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 made significant changes in the major…

  1. NCLB Waivers: Instructions for Secretary Arne Duncan and State Education Bureaucrats

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tienken, Christopher H.

    2012-01-01

    The United States Department of Education (USED) granted 11 states waivers (eight full waivers and three conditional waivers) to provide what the USED termed "flexibility" from meeting some of the requirements in the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB). Much of the flexibility relieves schools from the Adequate Yearly Progress mandate that requires…

  2. The Impact of No Child Left Behind (NCLB) on School Achievement and Accountability

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maleyko, Glenn

    2011-01-01

    Spurred by the "No Child Left Behind Act" of 2001, virtually every educational reform program now includes an accountability component that requires sound data collection and reporting (NCLB, 2002, section 101). Drawing from empirically based and theoretical literature in the field, this dissertation examines Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP) and the…

  3. NCLB: Fix It, Don't Nix It

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Butzin, Sarah M.

    2007-01-01

    As the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act comes up for reauthorization in Congress this year, everyone is taking sides. The detractors believe the law should be called "No School Left Standing" and fear that its real intent is to destroy public education. The supporters believe that NCLB has banished mediocrity and exposed the dirty little secret…

  4. Surviving Shock and Awe: NCLB vs. Colleges of Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCracken, Nancy Mellin

    2004-01-01

    The No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB), signed into law in 2002, bears certain resemblances to the war on terrorism in Iraq. Of course, NCLB will not directly produce any civilian casualties or smashed buildings, but the political strategies used to roll it out have been eerily similar to those used in the war against terrorism. Disturbing rates of…

  5. Is NCLB Closing the Minority-Majority Achievement Gap?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    White, Tiffany; Loker, Troy; March, Amanda; Sockslager, Kevin

    2009-01-01

    In January of 2002, President George W. Bush signed into law the "No Child Left Behind Act" of 2001 (NCLB). NCLB, which passed through Congress with overwhelming support from both Republican and Democratic members, was predicated on four basic objectives to address pervasive problems within America's public schools: (1) school accountability for…

  6. Can NCLB Survive the Competitiveness Competition? Education Outlook. Number 2

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hess, Frederick M.; Rotherham, Andrew J.

    2007-01-01

    Some see the George W. Bush administration's American Competitiveness Initiative (ACI) as the perfect complement to the No Child Left Behind Act's (NCLB) equity focus. The authors believe, however, that the prospects for synergy of these two agendas are not bright. In this essay, the authors discuss the history behind NCLB and the ACI, and argue…

  7. NCLB: Time to Reevaluate Its Effectiveness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Odland, Jerry

    2006-01-01

    The Federal No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act of 2002, which reauthorized the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965, was intended to breathe new life into U.S. schools--to raise the achievement level of elementary and secondary schools and ensure that all children have equal access to a quality education. Signed into law by President George…

  8. States Punch Reset Button under NCLB

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McNeil, Michele

    2012-01-01

    Given the flexibility to revise their academic goals under the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act, a vast majority of the states that received federal waivers are setting different expectations for different subgroups of students, an "Education Week" analysis shows. That marks a dramatic shift in policy and philosophy from the original law. The…

  9. Waiver Plans Would Scrap Parts of NCLB

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McNeil, Michele

    2011-01-01

    States seeking waivers under the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act are hoping to replace what is widely considered an outdated, but consistent, school accountability regime with a hodgepodge of complex school grading systems that are as diverse as the states themselves. That's the picture that emerged from an "Education Week" analysis of waiver…

  10. Will NCLB Improve or Harm Public Education?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Borkowski, John W.; Sneed, Maree

    2006-01-01

    Drawing on their legal expertise and their experience working with public school districts, John W. Borkowski and Maree Sneed discuss the controversies surrounding the implementation of the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB). They acknowledge that its principal benefits lie in its recognition of the right of each child to learn and be assessed by…

  11. Limited English Proficient Students: Increased Accountability Under NCLB. Policy Brief

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Batt, Laura; Kim, Jimmy; Sunderman, Gail

    2005-01-01

    This policy brief provides information for practitioners and policymakers on how the NCLB requirements affect LEP students and their schools and explores some of the unintended consequences of the legislation. Although both Title I and Title III of NCLB apply to LEP students, this brief focuses on the accountability provisions outlined in Title I,…

  12. Spaces of Liberty: Battling the New Soft Bigotry of NCLB

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brooks, Jacqueline Grennon; Libresco, Andrea S.; Plonczak, Irene

    2007-01-01

    There are some who believe that getting rid of the testing required by No Child Left Behind (NCLB) will solve current educational problems. In this article, the authors argue that, with or without NCLB, both students and teachers need spaces of liberty for meaningful learning. Teachers need spaces in which they can negotiate the curriculum in…

  13. It's the Law. Now What? How to Make Parent Involvement under ESEA-NCLB Work for You

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chevalier, Jacque

    2011-01-01

    One of National PTA's advocacy victories was ensuring that parent engagement requirements were included in The Elementary and Secondary Education/No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (ESEA/NCLB). In January 2002, it became the law of the land to hold Title 1 schools and parents jointly accountable for high student achievement. To help these schools…

  14. Gathering Evidence on an After-School Supplemental Instruction Program: Design Challenges and Early Findings in Light of NCLB

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chatterji, Madhabi; Kwon, Young Ae; Sng, Clarice

    2006-01-01

    The No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act of 2001 requires that public schools adopt research-supported programs and practices, with a strong recommendation for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) as the "gold standard" for scientific rigor in empirical research. Within that policy framework, this paper compares the relative utility of…

  15. How NCLB Drives Success in Urban Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zavadsky, Heather

    2006-01-01

    Zavadsky describes effective practices she has observed in the five urban school districts that were finalists for the 2005 Broad prize--practices required or catalyzed by No Child Left Behind. The article lists three key NCLB-driven strategies these schools used to raise student achievement and close achievement gaps: clarifying and aligning…

  16. Practicing Democracy in the NCLB Elementary Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davis, Margaret H.

    2010-01-01

    The practice of teaching democracy in school is diminishing. The implementation of No Child Left Behind (NCLB) has forced teachers to teach to the test, and has required some to follow scripted curriculum, leaving little time or incentive for teaching democracy. This study examines the importance of practicing democracy and identifies ways in…

  17. NCLB Waivers Are Plentiful under Duncan

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McNeil, Michele

    2011-01-01

    With Secretary Arne Duncan at the helm, the U.S. Department of Education is gradually--and sometimes quietly--chipping away at key parts of the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act as states and districts demand more relief from the elusive goal that all students be what the law terms "proficient" in reading and math by 2014. The pressure on Mr. Duncan…

  18. NCLB: State Interpretations, Early Effects, and Suggestions for Reauthorization. Social Policy Report. Volume 21, Number 4

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Porter, Andrew C.; Polikoff, Morgan S.

    2007-01-01

    The upcoming reauthorization of No Child Left Behind (NCLB) will be contentious, especially given the size of the act and the role it gives the federal government. When making decisions about reauthorization, it is important to consider the early evidence about the act's implementation and effectiveness. The first important finding about NCLB is…

  19. A Firsthand Look at NCLB

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Educational Leadership, 2006

    2006-01-01

    How has No Child Left Behind (NCLB) affected you, your students, or your school? Educational Leadership wanted to know so we asked readers to tell us their stories. Some respondents questioned whether NCLB acknowledged the true purpose of education, many bemoan the seeming necessity of having to "teach to the test," and some have surprising…

  20. The Effects of Classroom Teachers' Perceptions of the No Child Left Behind Act on Teacher Self-Efficacy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Erwin, David A.

    2012-01-01

    Teacher self-efficacy, grounded in social cognitive theory, has been shown to be an important component of teaching effectiveness. There are 6.2 million teachers who are mandated to follow the requirements of the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB). Studies addressing perceptions of NCLB and teacher self-efficacy are lacking in the literature. The…

  1. Obama Outlines NCLB Flexibility

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McNeil, Michele; Klein, Alyson

    2011-01-01

    The Obama administration will waive cornerstone requirements of the No Child Left Behind Act, including the 2014 deadline for all students to be proficient in math and reading/language arts, and will give states the freedom to set their own student-achievement goals and design their own interventions for failing schools. In exchange for that…

  2. Clearing the NCLB Hurdle.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sanders, Ted

    2003-01-01

    Displays findings from a fall 2002 survey of all states to determine how they were progressing in meeting No Child Left Behind Act's list of requirements. Generally, states and local districts are stronger developing accountability systems but a significant gap remains between the federal law's demands and the capacity to meet them. (Author/MLF)

  3. Morale of Teachers in High Poverty Schools: A Post-NCLB Mixed Methods Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Byrd-Blake, Marie; Afolayan, Michael O.; Hunt, John W.; Fabunmi, Martins; Pryor, Brandt W.; Leander, Robert

    2010-01-01

    This study tested how well Fishbein and Ajzen's Theory of Reasoned Action predicted the attitudes and morale of urban teachers in high poverty schools under the pressures of the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB). NCLB forced local administrators to target schools that had not made adequately yearly progress (AYP) for two or more consecutive years.…

  4. Does NCLB Provide Good Choices for Students in Low-Performing Schools?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kim, Jimmy; Sunderman, Gail L.

    2004-01-01

    Expanded schooling options for disadvantaged children is one of the four major principles of the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB), representing the theory that competition will produce better educational opportunities for disadvantaged students and improve the performance of low-performing schools. Under NCLB, school choice is the first in a series…

  5. Political Economy and the NCLB Regime: Accountability, Standards, and High-Stakes Testing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Parkison, Paul

    2009-01-01

    Focus and institutional policy under the No Child Left Behind Act [NCLB] (U.S. Department of Education 2001) has prioritized the individualistic, market-driven agenda. The NCLB regime has gained hegemony over the political space of public education, and the value and effectiveness of the educational process has become subject to the fetishism of…

  6. The War on Schools: NCLB, Nation Creation and the Educational Construction of Whiteness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leonardo, Zeus

    2007-01-01

    The study of whiteness in education is receiving increased attention. This essay argues that the No Child Left Behind Act is an example of color-blindness "par excellence." NCLB's hidden referent of whiteness makes a casual pass at racial explanation that sidesteps race as a causal explanation for educational disparities. In this sense, NCLB is an…

  7. Analysis of 2008 NCLB Accountability for ELL Students in California

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chavez, Lisa

    2009-01-01

    In "Horne v. Flores," Petitioners in the Supreme Court have argued, among other things, that compliance with the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) should satisfy state obligations and, other than "individual instances of discrimination," district obligations to comply with the Equal Educational Opportunities Act. The purpose of this analysis is to…

  8. Spellings Seeks to Cast Her Glow over NCLB

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoff, David J.

    2008-01-01

    In her three years as U.S. secretary of education, Margaret Spellings has been a celebrity contestant on "Jeopardy!," a guest on "The Daily Show With Jon Stewart," and an occasional subject of Washington's best-read gossip column. Above all, though, she's been the nation's leading spokeswoman for the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB). With one year…

  9. Beyond NCLB: Fulfilling the Promise to Our Nation's Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aspen Institute, The, 2007

    2007-01-01

    This year, Congress is scheduled to review the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB). In 2002, this law signaled an important change in federal education policy by focusing on accountability for results rather than simple compliance and by seeking to set the performance bar high for all children, regardless of where they live. The time is now to learn…

  10. Promise or Peril?: NCLB and the Education of ELL Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clewell, Beatriz Chu

    2007-01-01

    The goal of this report is to describe the implementation of the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act in school districts and schools with large enrollments of English language learners (ELLs) and immigrant students. The study, drawing from previous research on the demographic characteristics of pre-K-5th grade students and of schools with high limited…

  11. The NEA Supports Substantial Overhaul, Not Repeal, of NCLB

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Packer, Joel

    2007-01-01

    The National Education Association (NEA) agrees that No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act is flawed but believes it can be salvaged. The association believes that several substantive changes that overhaul the statute would produce a far better result. The NEA is not alone in calling for fundamental changes in the law. A coalition of more than 129…

  12. Obama's NCLB Waivers: Are They Necessary or Illegal?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Derthick, Martha; Rotherham, Andy

    2012-01-01

    President Obama sparked much debate in Washington with his plan to grant states waivers from provisions of the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB), conditional on their willingness to embrace certain reform proposals sketched out in the administration's March 2010 proposal, "A Blueprint for Reform: The Reauthorization of the Elementary and Secondary…

  13. Uncharted Territory: An Examination of Restructuring Under NCLB in Georgia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Duffrin, Elizabeth; Scott, Caitlin; Kober, Nancy, Ed.

    2008-01-01

    When the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) went into effect in 2002, Georgia's statewide accountability system was already well underway. As a result, some schools faced the federal law's most serious consequences as early as 2004. That left Georgia policymakers with a dilemma on which there remains little federal guidance: what to do with…

  14. NCLB Tutoring outside the Box

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoff, David J.

    2008-01-01

    This article describes one community-based nonprofit group that provides free tutoring to poor children under the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) law. Unlike most other tutoring sessions under the law, the one at Erie Neighborhood House, a social-services agency in Chicago, is not happening in a school building or at a corporate tutoring outlet. Those…

  15. The Anti-Black Order of No Child Left Behind: Using Lacanian Psychoanalysis and Critical Race Theory to Examine NCLB

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wun, Connie

    2014-01-01

    During a period in which institutions have been refashioned to meet the demands of a complex social and political economy, the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) has helped to alter the public educational system. As scholars and researchers examine the material effects of NCLB, efforts to improve the educational system and its effects must also…

  16. Disaggregation: What's Good for the Goose is Good for the Gander, Assessment for NCLB vs. Assessment for Learning Disability Identification

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cherkes-Julkowski, Miriam

    2005-01-01

    The No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) firmly insists that performance analyses use disaggregated scores. Disaggregation, according to NCLB, involves measuring and reporting achievement for separate subgroups of children so that achievement problems in any one subgroup are not disguised when averaged or aggregated with higher achieving children in…

  17. Key Reforms under the No Child Left Behind Act--The Civil Rights Perspective: Research-Based Recommendations to Improve NCLB

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chief Justice Earl Warren Institute on Race, Ethnicity and Diversity, 2007

    2007-01-01

    Whatever else might be said about the No Child Left Behind Act, it has the potential to be one of the most important pieces of education civil rights legislation in a generation. Its goals are an indispensable component of a renewed commitment to promoting racial and ethnic justice. The emphasis on accountability gives essential urgency and…

  18. Point of View--NCLB: Dreams and Nightmares

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Houston, Paul D.

    2005-01-01

    The idea of leaving no child behind may sound like a noble dream. But the federal law intended to fulfill that dream is in Houston's opinion so flawed that it has become a nightmare for educators. Sadly, the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act is a nightmare in which everyone is naked while being pushed off a cliff because of poor test performance.…

  19. We Just Can't Seem to Do What NCLB Expects Us to Do: The Case of an Urban District Focused on NCLB Compliance

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Terry, Kellie

    2010-01-01

    This case is situated in a Midwestern urban school district, exploring problems faced by its superintendent and administrators as they work to implement the federal No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB). Developed from a study examining the response of P-12 districts to legislative policy mandates, the case presents problems and challenges experienced…

  20. Report on the Implementation of the "Gun-Free Schools Act of 1994" in the States and Outlying Areas for School Year 2002-03

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gray-Adams, Karen; Sinclair, Beth

    2006-01-01

    The "Gun-Free Schools Act of 1994" ("GFSA") was reauthorized by Section 4141 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (ESEA) as amended by the "No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act of 2001" (Public Law 107-110). "GFSA" requires that each state or outlying area receiving federal funds under the ESEA have a law that requires all local…

  1. Providing Greater Opportunities for Deeper Learning in NCLB Waivers. Policy Brief

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alliance for Excellent Education, 2012

    2012-01-01

    The eleven state applications approved by the federal government for waivers under the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act vary in the degree to which "deeper learning" skills are reflected in the standards, accountability systems, professional development, and teacher evaluations, according to a new policy brief written by the Alliance for Excellent…

  2. Leaving Us behind: A Political Economic Interpretation of NCLB and the Miseducation of African American Males

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Donnor, Jamel K.; Shockley, Kmt G.

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to discuss the misalignment between public school assessment policies and teaching practices in accordance with the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB), and the human capital, curricula, and soft-skill needs of the global economy. The authors suggest that changes regarding the nature of learning, how it is…

  3. States and Their Struggles with NCLB: Does the Obama Blueprint Get It Right?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Berry, Kimberly Scriven; Herrington, Carolyn D.

    2011-01-01

    This article analyzes challenges states identify in implementing No Child Left Behind (NCLB) with the Obama administration's proposals for Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) reauthorization. Drawing upon information from six states, this study shows that the Obama administration Blueprint for Reauthorization of ESEA responds to a number…

  4. The Effects of NCLB on School Resources and Practices

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dee, Thomas S.; Jacob, Brian; Schwartz, Nathaniel L.

    2013-01-01

    A number of studies have examined the impact of school accountability policies, including No Child Left Behind (NCLB), on student achievement. However, there is relatively little evidence on how school accountability reforms and NCLB, in particular, have influenced education policies and practices. This study examines the effects of NCLB on…

  5. Can Irrational Become Unconstitutional? NCLB's 100% Presuppositions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Welner, Kevin G.

    2005-01-01

    This article identifies two presuppositions underlying No Child Left Behind's (NCLB) system of adequate yearly progress. The first is that each state must bring 100% of its students up to proficiency on state tests by the 2013-14 school year. The second is that each student's test score must effectively be treated by the state as if his or her…

  6. Finance and the No Child Left Behind Act

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Russo, Charles J.

    2010-01-01

    Enacted in 2002 as the cornerstone of President George W. Bush's educational policy, the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act has been controversial since it became law. At its heart, NCLB is designed to have students perform at grade level by the year 2014. Yet as debate rages on an array of issues surrounding NCLB, the reauthorization process has…

  7. Implementing the Every Student Succeeds Act: Toward a Coherent, Aligned Assessment System

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Catherine; Boser, Ulrich; Sargrad, Scott; Marchitello, Max

    2016-01-01

    In December 2015, President Barack Obama signed the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA), which replaced No Child Left Behind (NCLB), as the nation's major law governing public schools. ESSA retains the requirement that states test all students in reading and math in grades three through eight and once in high school, as well as the requirement that…

  8. Long-acting methods require special care.

    PubMed

    Blaney, C L

    1994-08-01

    Long-acting contraceptive methods including IUDs, implants, and sterilization are among the most effective and convenient contraceptive methods, requiring little or no effort on the part of the user once provided by a trained healthcare provider. Some women, however, oppose the development and use of provider-dependent contraceptive methods due to the potential for method misuse. These methods, for example, could be provided without women's fully informed choice, access to removal could be blocked, or the method could be provided to an inappropriate client. Making a contraceptive method unavailable because of potential abuse instead restricts women's reproductive choices. After all, abuse generally comes from the legal or delivery system, not from the method itself. Efforts should be made to satisfy users with standard norms for performance and without targets for specific methods. Good service delivery along with revised approaches to contraceptive introduction and program evaluation can help prevent inappropriate method use and ensure that women receive adequate information and counseling to help them make reproductive choices without undue influence. The author discusses Norplant delivery, providing IUDs, offering sterilization, and improving access.

  9. Closing the Achievement Gap Series: Part III. What Is the Impact of NCLB on the Inclusion of Students with Disabilities? Education Policy Brief. Volume 4, Number 11, Fall 2006

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cole, Cassandra

    2006-01-01

    This policy brief examines several questions regarding the impact of No Child Left Behind (NCLB) on students with disabilities, including: What are the benefits of the law? What are the unintended consequences? Does NCLB conflict with the federal Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act (IDEIA)? In addition, the author conducted an…

  10. Examining Opportunity-to-Learn and Success in High School Mathematics Performance in California under NCLB

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gavrilovic, Daniel Miodrag

    2013-01-01

    The No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 has put many schools under a lot of pressure to meet its high demands. In this quantitative study, the effects that the NCLB act has had on students' opportunity to learn (OTL) and Subject Level Success (SS) from 2004 to 2012 in 9th, 10th, and 11th grade math coursework (Algebra 1, Geometry, Algebra 2, and…

  11. Responding to NCLB in Alaska: A Three-Pronged, Teacher-Focused Approach Yields Success

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sees, Jennifer

    2012-01-01

    At the beginning of the 2011-2012 school year, the Alaska State School for the Deaf and Hard of Hearing (ASSDHH) was informed that they had met Alaska's Annual Yearly Progress as required by No Child Left Behind (NCLB) for the first time ever. This was incredibly exciting and worth celebrating since teachers had invested so much "blood, sweat, and…

  12. Assessment and Accommodation Issues under the No Child Left behind Act and the Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act: Information for IEP Teams

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shriner, James G.; Ganguly, Rahul

    2007-01-01

    Including students with disabilities in the new standards and accountability systems is one of the key challenges facing school districts around the nation. In this article, the authors first address the evolving assessment and accommodations requirements of both the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB) and the Individuals with Disabilities…

  13. Washington Commentary: Spinning the Message on NCLB

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lewis, Anne C.

    2004-01-01

    This column is about a city with two tales--one of spin and the other of sputter. No matter who occupies the White House for the next four years, the past four have borne witness to some of the most ludicrous uses of taxpayer money ever, as the U.S. Department of Education (ED) has tried to spin its message on No Child Left Behind (NCLB) across…

  14. 49 CFR 1105.9 - Coastal Zone Management Act requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Coastal Zone Management Act requirements. 1105.9... ENVIRONMENTAL LAWS § 1105.9 Coastal Zone Management Act requirements. (a) If the proposed action affects land or water uses within a State coastal zone designated pursuant to the Coastal Zone Management Act (16...

  15. NCLB Commission Starts Gathering Testimony

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jacobson, Linda

    2006-01-01

    Having all the nation's teachers meet the definition of being "highly qualified" is an admirable goal, but the No Child Left Behind Act's current teacher-quality provisions make it hard to retain well-trained teachers, especially in schools serving poor and minority children, witnesses said the week of April 10, 2006 in California at the first…

  16. Plainer Legal Language: Definitions and Requirements in Acts.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jordan, Michael P.

    1994-01-01

    Explores some of the stylistic complexities of definitions and requirements in a Canadian provincial act. Generates and justifies 15 recommendations for creating a plainer legal language in acts. (SR)

  17. NCLB Cases Face Hurdles in the Courts

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hendrie, Caroline

    2005-01-01

    When cobbling together the landmark No Child Left Behind Act in 2001, Congress quietly tacked on an unusual provision that says the law does not require states or school districts "to spend any funds or incur any costs not paid for under this act." Little noticed at the time and lifted directly from an earlier version of the law enacted in 1994,…

  18. Teachers' Perspectives of Accountability Policies and the No Child Left Behind Act

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ikeler, Susan I.

    2010-01-01

    The No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB) has had significant and multilayered consequences for students, teachers, and schools. The purpose of this study was to learn more about the areas of NCLB that teachers support and also the areas of NCLB that teachers see as problematic. The data in this mixed methods study was collected through an…

  19. Aligning School Counselors, Comprehensive School Counseling Programs, and the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sabens, Franciene S.; Zyromski, Brett

    2009-01-01

    The No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act contains numerous implications for school counselors, but the affects of NCLB on school counselors' roles and identities has not been thoroughly explored. Further, ways comprehensive school counseling programs and school counselors can thrive while striving to meet the goals of NCLB have been ignored in previous…

  20. Juggling Act

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rudalevige, Andrew

    2009-01-01

    Two education bills from George W. Bush's first term are long overdue for reauthorization. One, of course, is the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB), passed in late 2001. The other is the Education Sciences Reform Act (ESRA), which in November 2002 replaced the Office of Educational Research and Improvement (OERI) with a new Institute of Education…

  1. Implications of NCLB Accountability for Comprehensive School Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Le Floch, Kerstin Carlson; Taylor, James E.; Thomsen, Kerri

    2006-01-01

    No Child Left Behind (NCLB) accountability mechanisms have the potential to derail comprehensive school reform (CSR) implementation. For those pursuing CSR, the question is how to reconcile the implementation of NCLB accountability mandates with ongoing CSR efforts. Drawing from longitudinal data from a national study of CSR, this article explores…

  2. Seize the Day. NCLB: Failed Schools--Or Failed Law?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hamilton, J. Ogden

    2001-01-01

    This article argues that merely discrediting No Child Left Behind (NCLB) is no more worthy an undertaking than any other manifestation of negative politics. Instead, show the community leaders the goals and measures the faculty came up with and get them to accept those goals and measures as short term alternatives to NCLB. And then, the piece de…

  3. "The Three Literacy Gaps" and Title III of NCLB

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hetzel, June; Soto-Hinman, Ivannia

    2007-01-01

    "No Child Left Behind" (NCLB) attempts to ensure educational equity for all K-12 students. However, for the conceptual goals of NCLB to become reality, pre-service teacher training models must be modified to include a deeper understanding of individual differences and how these play out in classroom dynamics. The "Three Literacy…

  4. Do Schools Respond to Pressure? Evidence from NCLB Implementation Details

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wong, Vivian C.; Wing, Coady; Martin, David

    2016-01-01

    Over the last decade, accountability reform has been at the forefront of the domestic policy agenda. Although the Obama Administration was critical of some elements of No Child Left Behind (NCLB), its policies endorsed high-stakes testing and expanded the scope of the stakes. With the Race to the Top and an NCLB waiver process, the administration…

  5. A Critique Analysis of NCLB, Increase Testing, and Past Maryland Mathematics and Science HSA Exams: What Are Maryland Practitioners' Perspectives?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pinder, Patrice Juliet

    2008-01-01

    States are establishing high stakes assessments to serve as a measurement tool of students' academic abilities. This study essentially explored and sought to understand some of Maryland's mathematics and science practitioners' perspectives on increase testing, and the No Child left Behind (NCLB) Act. Basically, the study sought to understand and…

  6. 7 CFR 1948.65 - Relocation Act requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 13 2011-01-01 2009-01-01 true Relocation Act requirements. 1948.65 Section 1948.65...) PROGRAM REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) RURAL DEVELOPMENT Section 601 Energy Impacted Area Development Assistance Program § 1948.65 Relocation Act requirements. The policies and regulations contained in title 7,...

  7. 7 CFR 1948.65 - Relocation Act requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 13 2014-01-01 2013-01-01 true Relocation Act requirements. 1948.65 Section 1948.65...) PROGRAM REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) RURAL DEVELOPMENT Section 601 Energy Impacted Area Development Assistance Program § 1948.65 Relocation Act requirements. The policies and regulations contained in title 7,...

  8. 3 CFR - Combating Noncompliance With Recovery Act Reporting Requirements

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 3 The President 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Combating Noncompliance With Recovery Act Reporting Requirements Presidential Documents Other Presidential Documents Memorandum of April 6, 2010 Combating Noncompliance With Recovery Act Reporting Requirements Memorandum for the Heads of Executive Departments and Agencies My Administration...

  9. 25 CFR 273.54 - Privacy Act requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... system of records without prior approval of the Department of Interior and the Office of Management and... Privacy Act requirements. (a) When a contractor operates a system of records to accomplish a Bureau function, the contractor shall comply with subpart D of 43 CFR part 2 which implements the Privacy Act (5...

  10. 25 CFR 273.54 - Privacy Act requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... system of records without prior approval of the Department of Interior and the Office of Management and... Privacy Act requirements. (a) When a contractor operates a system of records to accomplish a Bureau function, the contractor shall comply with subpart D of 43 CFR part 2 which implements the Privacy Act (5...

  11. 25 CFR 273.54 - Privacy Act requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... system of records without prior approval of the Department of Interior and the Office of Management and... Privacy Act requirements. (a) When a contractor operates a system of records to accomplish a Bureau function, the contractor shall comply with subpart D of 43 CFR part 2 which implements the Privacy Act (5...

  12. 25 CFR 273.54 - Privacy Act requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... system of records without prior approval of the Department of Interior and the Office of Management and... Privacy Act requirements. (a) When a contractor operates a system of records to accomplish a Bureau function, the contractor shall comply with subpart D of 43 CFR part 2 which implements the Privacy Act (5...

  13. 25 CFR 273.54 - Privacy Act requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... function, the contractor shall comply with subpart D of 43 CFR part 2 which implements the Privacy Act (5 U.... 43 CFR 2.56 lists exceptions to this procedure. (4) To establish a procedure to account for access... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Privacy Act requirements. 273.54 Section 273.54...

  14. NCLB Law Bestows Bounty on Test Industry

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Olson, Lynn

    2004-01-01

    The No Child Left Behind Act has spawned new opportunities--and challenges--for an increasingly diverse testing industry. With all of the federal law's testing requirements, the Government Accountability Office estimates that states will have to spend between $1.9 billion and $5.3 billion in the next six years, depending on the types of tests…

  15. State Test Programs Mushroom as NCLB Mandate Kicks in: Nearly Half of States Are Expanding Their Testing Programs to Additional Grades This School Year to Comply with the Federal No Child Left Behind Act

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Olson, Lynn

    2005-01-01

    Twenty-three states are expanding their testing programs to additional grades this school year to comply with the federal No Child Left Behind Act. In devising the new tests, most states have defied predictions and chosen to go beyond multiple-choice items, by including questions that ask students to construct their own responses. But many state…

  16. 30 CFR 552.6 - Freedom of Information Act requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...) and 30 CFR part 551 (Geological and Geophysical Explorations of the Outer Continental Shelf). (b... Section 552.6 Mineral Resources BUREAU OF OCEAN ENERGY MANAGEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE... contained in 43 CFR part 2 (Records and Testimony), the requirements of the Act, and the...

  17. 30 CFR 552.6 - Freedom of Information Act requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...) and 30 CFR part 551 (Geological and Geophysical Explorations of the Outer Continental Shelf). (b... Section 552.6 Mineral Resources BUREAU OF OCEAN ENERGY MANAGEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE... contained in 43 CFR part 2 (Records and Testimony), the requirements of the Act, and the...

  18. 30 CFR 552.6 - Freedom of Information Act requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...) and 30 CFR part 551 (Geological and Geophysical Explorations of the Outer Continental Shelf). (b... Section 552.6 Mineral Resources BUREAU OF OCEAN ENERGY MANAGEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE... contained in 43 CFR part 2 (Records and Testimony), the requirements of the Act, and the...

  19. 30 CFR 252.6 - Freedom of Information Act requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Section 252.6 Mineral Resources BUREAU OF SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR... contained in 43 CFR part 2 (Records and Testimony), the requirements of the Act, and the regulations contained in 30 CFR parts 250 and 550 (Oil and Gas and Sulphur Operations in the Outer Continental...

  20. 30 CFR 252.6 - Freedom of Information Act requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Section 252.6 Mineral Resources BUREAU OF SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR... contained in 43 CFR part 2 (Records and Testimony), the requirements of the Act, and the regulations contained in 30 CFR parts 250 and 550 (Oil and Gas and Sulphur Operations in the Outer Continental...

  1. 30 CFR 252.6 - Freedom of Information Act requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Section 252.6 Mineral Resources BUREAU OF SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR... contained in 43 CFR part 2 (Records and Testimony), the requirements of the Act, and the regulations contained in 30 CFR parts 250 and 550 (Oil and Gas and Sulphur Operations in the Outer Continental...

  2. Why Band-Aids Don't Work: Analyzing and Evaluating No Child Left Behind (NCLB) in Light of Constructivist Philosophy, Theory, and Practice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shapiro, Arthur; Thompson, Alana S.

    2008-01-01

    In this paper the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act, a top-down, one-size-fits-all coercive nostrum constructed by politicians purportedly to improve all American public schools that piddles with symptoms rather than deal with root causes, is first delineated and analyzed. Its departure from local educational governance to an accountability-focused…

  3. Exploring and Understanding Maryland's Math and Science Teachers' Perspectives on NCLB and Increase Testing: Employing a Phenomenological Inquiry Approach

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pinder, Patrice Juliet

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore and seek to understand some of Maryland's math and science teachers' thoughts about the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) and increase testing. The study utilized a phenomenological inquiry approach and four teachers participated in the study. Two of the teachers taught science and two taught…

  4. NCLB: Highly Qualified Teachers - The Search for Highly Qualified Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Berry, Barnett; Hoke, Mandy; Hirsch, Eric

    2004-01-01

    At the same time that NCLB has given states a mandate to staff their classrooms with "highly qualified teachers," the federal government is pushing a dangerously narrow definition of the knowledge and skills that today's teachers need. Over the last decade, policy makers and business leaders have come to realize what parents have always known -…

  5. Inadequate Yearly Progress: Unlocking the Secrets of NCLB

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoxby, Caroline M.

    2005-01-01

    As almost everyone knows by now, the central aim of the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) law is to make every public-school student proficient in reading and math by the year 2014. It is a laudable goal, as the overwhelmingly bipartisan congressional support for the legislation in 2001 proved. The law's drafters even had the foresight to know that…

  6. High-Achieving Students in the Era of NCLB

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Loveless, Tom; Parkas, Steve; Duffett, Ann

    2008-01-01

    This report contains two separate studies examining the status of high-achieving students in the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) era. Part I, An Analysis of NAEP Data, authored by Brookings Institution scholar Tom Loveless, examines achievement trends for high-achieving students (defined, like low-achieving students, by their performance on the…

  7. NCLB and Its Wake: Bad News for Democracy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Meens, David E.; Howe, Kenneth R.

    2015-01-01

    Background: Local control has historically been a prominent principle in education policymaking and governance. Culminating with the passage of No Child Left Behind (NCLB), however, the politics of education have been nationalized to an unprecedented degree, and local control has all but disappeared as a principle framing education policymaking.…

  8. Courtside: NCLB=New Cause for Litigious Behavior

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zirkel, Perry A.

    2004-01-01

    In September 2002, the children of parents Latasha Gibbs, Carmella Glass, Laverne Jones, Charlene Mingo, Deborah Powell-Jasper, Eunice Staton, and Keikola Valentine were attending New York City public schools that the state education department identified as needing improvement -- in other words, failing -- under the No Child Left Behind (NCLB)…

  9. Contradictory Reforms: When NCLB Undermines Charter School Innovation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martin, Peter Clyde

    2015-01-01

    The article discusses how instead of being parts of a concerted educational reform effort, No Child Left Behind (NCLB) and the development of charter schools are in fact contradictory initiatives. Basing itself on a theoretical framework that brings together issues inherent to outcome-based school reform and arguments supporting and criticizing…

  10. 7 CFR 3575.40 - Equal opportunity and Fair Housing Act requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Federal Reserve Board Regulation, 12 CFR part 202.) (b) Fair Housing Act. Certain housing-related projects... 7 Agriculture 15 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Equal opportunity and Fair Housing Act requirements... opportunity and Fair Housing Act requirements. (a) Equal Credit Opportunity Act. The lender will comply...

  11. Requests Win More Leeway under NCLB

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Olson, Lynn

    2005-01-01

    This article talks about the approval given by the Education Department to 16 states that requested changes to accountability plans under the No Child Left Behind Act. Federal officials had sent decision letters to these states. Another 31 states are awaiting such letters, although many have received oral approvals or denials. This article…

  12. Political Shift Could Temper NCLB Resolve

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Klein, Alyson

    2006-01-01

    This paper presents the two top Democratic lawmakers on education policy who will seek to retain the core accountability features of the federal No Child Left Behind Act. Senator Edward M. Kennedy of Massachusetts and Representative George Miller of California would likely support more funding for the law, while seeking to keep its requirements…

  13. New Leeway on Horizon under NCLB

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McNeil, Michele

    2011-01-01

    As the clock ticks toward President Barack Obama's back-to-school deadline for rewriting the No Child Left Behind Act, U.S. Secretary of Education Arne Duncan is preparing to grant states relief from key provisions of the federal school accountability law in exchange for what he calls "commitments to key reforms." The move comes as pressure mounts…

  14. Bush to Start NCLB Push in Congress

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoff, David J.

    2007-01-01

    Making college more affordable, raising the minimum wage, and other domestic items were at the top of Democrats' agenda during their meeting at Capitol Hill. President Bush made clear that reauthorizing the No Child Left Behind Act is one of the priorities. To mark the fifth anniversary of his signing the measure into law on January 8, 2007, the…

  15. Panel Report Is Latest Rx for NCLB

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoff, David J.

    2007-01-01

    Now that a high-profile and potentially influential panel has released its detailed proposal for revising the No Child Left Behind Act, the Bush administration and education groups are waiting to hear from the institution that matters most, Congress. The Aspen Institute's Commission on No Child Left Behind unveiled 75 recommendations for changes…

  16. Bush Budget Would Boost NCLB Efforts

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Klein, Alyson

    2007-01-01

    This article reports that President Bush's fiscal 2008 budget request for reauthorizing the No Child Left Behind Act is being criticized by two key congressional Democrats as they believe that the plan falls short of what schools need to get on track to meet the measure's ambitious achievement goals. Rep. George Miller, D-Calif., and Sen. Edward…

  17. Ed. Dept. to Weigh NCLB Subgroup Issues

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davis, Michelle R.

    2006-01-01

    The Department of Education plans to re-evaluate how many students' test scores districts and schools will be permitted to exclude when determining whether they've met annual educational goals under the No Child Left Behind Act. At a June 13, 2006 hearing before the House Education and the Workforce Committee, Deputy Secretary of Education Raymond…

  18. New Tack on NCLB: Regulatory Relief

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Klein, Alyson

    2010-01-01

    School districts and educators chafing under the mandates of the No Child Left Behind Act are hoping to prod the U.S. Department of Education into giving them a reprieve from the provisions they see as most onerous, as the prospects for an overhaul of the law by Congress anytime soon remain cloudy. The Obama administration and congressional…

  19. A Change Management, Systems Thinking, or Organizational Development Approach to the No Child Left Behind Act

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Galloway, Dominique L.

    2007-01-01

    Problems with implementation of the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) can be assessed in light of change management theory. Viewing stakeholders collectively as a corporate entity supports employing change management strategies to make the NCLB work. Examining ways that organizational controls and change management can work together points to…

  20. The Americans with Disabilities Act and Family and Medical Leave Act: Legal Requirements, Negotiations and Policy Considerations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Juengart, Laurie S.

    The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) and Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) are two major pieces of social legislation that impact private and public employers, including school districts. Public school employers must have thorough awareness of the legal requirements of both laws and must analyze the ways in which those requirements…

  1. NCLB Rules on "Quality" Fall Short

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Keller, Bess

    2007-01-01

    The end of the school year marks a deadline for states to meet a federal requirement that most teachers be "highly qualified." However, the cutoff holds little threat these days. Even one-time proponents of the provision are conceding their disappointment and are fixing their sights on new ways to raise teacher quality. Advocates vary in how they…

  2. Imaging the Frame: Media Representations of Teachers, Their Unions, NCLB, and Education Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goldstein, Rebecca A.

    2011-01-01

    This article examines the political discourse surrounding NCLB, educational reform, and how that discourse shaped perceptions of public education during the Bush Administration. Examining mass media campaigns in the New York Times and Time Magazine, the article demonstrates how the media has visually and textually framed and reinforced NCLB and…

  3. The Implications of NCLB for Gifted Education: One District's Story

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ralston, Amie Beth

    2013-01-01

    This dissertation addresses the question of what implications, if any, has implementing NCLB as mandated had on gifted students in one district. The purpose of this study is to determine 1.) How has a district responded to gifted and high-achieving students within the boundaries of post-NCLB curriculum? 2.) How have teachers responded to gifted…

  4. No Poor Child Left Unrecruited: How NCLB Codifies and Perpetuates Urban School Militarism

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Furumoto, Rosa

    2005-01-01

    A critical theoretical framework is used to analyze the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) federal legislation and its role in codifying and perpetuating educational practices and policies that contribute to growing campus militarism in urban schools serving low-income African American and Latino students. The author argues that NCLB Section 9528 is part…

  5. NCLB's Lost Decade for Educational Progress: What Can We Learn from this Policy Failure?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guisbond, Lisa

    2012-01-01

    Ten years have passed since President George W. Bush signed No Child Left Behind (NCLB), making it the educational law of the land. A review of a decade of evidence demonstrates that NCLB has failed badly both in terms of its own goals and more broadly. It has neither significantly increased academic performance nor significantly reduced…

  6. 47 CFR 80.163 - Operator requirements of the Bridge-to-Bridge Act.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 5 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Operator requirements of the Bridge-to-Bridge... Requirements § 80.163 Operator requirements of the Bridge-to-Bridge Act. Each ship subject to the Bridge-to-Bridge Act must have on board a radio operator who holds a restricted radiotelephone operator permit...

  7. 47 CFR 80.163 - Operator requirements of the Bridge-to-Bridge Act.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 5 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Operator requirements of the Bridge-to-Bridge... Requirements § 80.163 Operator requirements of the Bridge-to-Bridge Act. Each ship subject to the Bridge-to-Bridge Act must have on board a radio operator who holds a restricted radiotelephone operator permit...

  8. 47 CFR 80.163 - Operator requirements of the Bridge-to-Bridge Act.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 5 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Operator requirements of the Bridge-to-Bridge... Requirements § 80.163 Operator requirements of the Bridge-to-Bridge Act. Each ship subject to the Bridge-to-Bridge Act must have on board a radio operator who holds a restricted radiotelephone operator permit...

  9. 47 CFR 80.163 - Operator requirements of the Bridge-to-Bridge Act.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Operator requirements of the Bridge-to-Bridge... Requirements § 80.163 Operator requirements of the Bridge-to-Bridge Act. Each ship subject to the Bridge-to-Bridge Act must have on board a radio operator who holds a restricted radiotelephone operator permit...

  10. 47 CFR 80.163 - Operator requirements of the Bridge-to-Bridge Act.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 5 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Operator requirements of the Bridge-to-Bridge... Requirements § 80.163 Operator requirements of the Bridge-to-Bridge Act. Each ship subject to the Bridge-to-Bridge Act must have on board a radio operator who holds a restricted radiotelephone operator permit...

  11. 47 CFR 80.305 - Watch requirements of the Communications Act and the Safety Convention.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 5 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Watch requirements of the Communications Act... (CONTINUED) SAFETY AND SPECIAL RADIO SERVICES STATIONS IN THE MARITIME SERVICES Safety Watch Requirements and Procedures Ship Station Safety Watches § 80.305 Watch requirements of the Communications Act and the...

  12. 47 CFR 80.305 - Watch requirements of the Communications Act and the Safety Convention.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 5 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Watch requirements of the Communications Act... (CONTINUED) SAFETY AND SPECIAL RADIO SERVICES STATIONS IN THE MARITIME SERVICES Safety Watch Requirements and Procedures Ship Station Safety Watches § 80.305 Watch requirements of the Communications Act and the...

  13. 47 CFR 80.305 - Watch requirements of the Communications Act and the Safety Convention.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 5 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Watch requirements of the Communications Act... (CONTINUED) SAFETY AND SPECIAL RADIO SERVICES STATIONS IN THE MARITIME SERVICES Safety Watch Requirements and Procedures Ship Station Safety Watches § 80.305 Watch requirements of the Communications Act and the...

  14. 47 CFR 80.305 - Watch requirements of the Communications Act and the Safety Convention.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 5 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Watch requirements of the Communications Act... (CONTINUED) SAFETY AND SPECIAL RADIO SERVICES STATIONS IN THE MARITIME SERVICES Safety Watch Requirements and Procedures Ship Station Safety Watches § 80.305 Watch requirements of the Communications Act and the...

  15. 47 CFR 80.309 - Watch required by the Bridge-to-Bridge Act.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 5 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Watch required by the Bridge-to-Bridge Act. 80... Safety Watches § 80.309 Watch required by the Bridge-to-Bridge Act. In addition to the watch requirement contained in § 80.148, all vessels subject to the Bridge-to-Bridge Act must keep a watch on the...

  16. 47 CFR 80.309 - Watch required by the Bridge-to-Bridge Act.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 5 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Watch required by the Bridge-to-Bridge Act. 80... Safety Watches § 80.309 Watch required by the Bridge-to-Bridge Act. In addition to the watch requirement contained in § 80.148, all vessels subject to the Bridge-to-Bridge Act must keep a watch on the...

  17. 47 CFR 80.309 - Watch required by the Bridge-to-Bridge Act.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 5 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Watch required by the Bridge-to-Bridge Act. 80... Safety Watches § 80.309 Watch required by the Bridge-to-Bridge Act. In addition to the watch requirement contained in § 80.148, all vessels subject to the Bridge-to-Bridge Act must keep a watch on the...

  18. 47 CFR 80.309 - Watch required by the Bridge-to-Bridge Act.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Watch required by the Bridge-to-Bridge Act. 80... Safety Watches § 80.309 Watch required by the Bridge-to-Bridge Act. In addition to the watch requirement contained in § 80.148, all vessels subject to the Bridge-to-Bridge Act must keep a watch on the...

  19. 47 CFR 80.309 - Watch required by the Bridge-to-Bridge Act.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 5 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Watch required by the Bridge-to-Bridge Act. 80... Safety Watches § 80.309 Watch required by the Bridge-to-Bridge Act. In addition to the watch requirement contained in § 80.148, all vessels subject to the Bridge-to-Bridge Act must keep a watch on the...

  20. 47 CFR 1.990 - Citizenship and filing requirements under the Communications Act of 1934.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ..., as amended, 15 U.S.C. 78a et seq. (Exchange Act), and corresponding Exchange Act Rule 13d-1, 17 CFR... corresponding Exchange Act Rule 13d-1, 17 CFR 240.13d-1, or a substantially comparable foreign law or regulation... 47 Telecommunication 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Citizenship and filing requirements under...

  1. 47 CFR 1.990 - Citizenship and filing requirements under the Communications Act of 1934.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ..., as amended, 15 U.S.C. 78a et seq. (Exchange Act), and corresponding Exchange Act Rule 13d-1, 17 CFR... corresponding Exchange Act Rule 13d-1, 17 CFR 240.13d-1, or a substantially comparable foreign law or regulation... 47 Telecommunication 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Citizenship and filing requirements under...

  2. Federal Interagency Day Care Requirements, Pursuant to Sec. 522 (D) of the Economic Opportunity Act.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Washington, DC.

    This document defines federal interagency requirements which day care programs must meet if they are receiving funds under any of the following programs: Title IV (parts A and B) of the Social Security Act; Title I, Title II, Title III (Part B), and Title V (Part B) of the Economic Opportunity Act; the Manpower Development and Training Act; and…

  3. 75 FR 75692 - Manufactured Home Construction and Safety Standards Act Reporting Requirements; Notice of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-06

    ... URBAN DEVELOPMENT Manufactured Home Construction and Safety Standards Act Reporting Requirements; Notice.... This Notice also lists the following information: Title of Proposal: Manufactured Home Construction and Safety Standards Reporting Requirements. OMB Control Number, if applicable: 2502-0253. Description of...

  4. 45 CFR 73.735-901 - Reporting requirement of the Ethics in Government Act of 1978.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Reporting requirement of the Ethics in Government... requirement of the Ethics in Government Act of 1978. (a) Applicability. The following employees and special... Title II of the Ethics in Government Act of 1978, Pub. L. 95-521, as amended: (1) Officers and...

  5. 45 CFR 73.735-901 - Reporting requirement of the Ethics in Government Act of 1978.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Reporting requirement of the Ethics in Government... requirement of the Ethics in Government Act of 1978. (a) Applicability. The following employees and special... Title II of the Ethics in Government Act of 1978, Pub. L. 95-521, as amended: (1) Officers and...

  6. 77 FR 13617 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Customs Modernization Act Recordkeeping Requirements

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-07

    ... SECURITY U.S. Customs and Border Protection Agency Information Collection Activities: Customs Modernization Act Recordkeeping Requirements AGENCY: U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP), Department of... concerning the Customs Modernization Act Recordkeeping Requirements. This request for comment is being...

  7. 45 CFR 73.735-901 - Reporting requirement of the Ethics in Government Act of 1978.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Reporting requirement of the Ethics in Government... requirement of the Ethics in Government Act of 1978. (a) Applicability. The following employees and special... Title II of the Ethics in Government Act of 1978, Pub. L. 95-521, as amended: (1) Officers and...

  8. 45 CFR 73.735-901 - Reporting requirement of the Ethics in Government Act of 1978.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Reporting requirement of the Ethics in Government... requirement of the Ethics in Government Act of 1978. (a) Applicability. The following employees and special... Title II of the Ethics in Government Act of 1978, Pub. L. 95-521, as amended: (1) Officers and...

  9. 5 CFR 1830.2 - Requirements for making Privacy Act requests.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Requirements for making Privacy Act requests. 1830.2 Section 1830.2 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF SPECIAL COUNSEL PRIVACY § 1830.2 Requirements for making Privacy Act requests. (a) How made and addressed. A request for OSC records under...

  10. 28 CFR 55.22 - Requirements of section 5 of the Act.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Requirements of section 5 of the Act. 55.22 Section 55.22 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) IMPLEMENTATION OF THE PROVISIONS OF THE VOTING RIGHTS ACT REGARDING LANGUAGE MINORITY GROUPS Preclearance § 55.22 Requirements...

  11. 28 CFR 55.22 - Requirements of section 5 of the Act.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Requirements of section 5 of the Act. 55.22 Section 55.22 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) IMPLEMENTATION OF THE PROVISIONS OF THE VOTING RIGHTS ACT REGARDING LANGUAGE MINORITY GROUPS Preclearance § 55.22 Requirements...

  12. 21 CFR 16.24 - Regulatory hearing required by the act or a regulation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... regulation. 16.24 Section 16.24 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN....24 Regulatory hearing required by the act or a regulation. (a) A regulatory hearing required by the act or a regulation under § 16.1(b) will be initiated in the same manner as other regulatory...

  13. 21 CFR 16.24 - Regulatory hearing required by the act or a regulation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... regulation. 16.24 Section 16.24 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN....24 Regulatory hearing required by the act or a regulation. (a) A regulatory hearing required by the act or a regulation under § 16.1(b) will be initiated in the same manner as other regulatory...

  14. 45 CFR 73.735-901 - Reporting requirement of the Ethics in Government Act of 1978.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Reporting requirement of the Ethics in Government Act of 1978. 73.735-901 Section 73.735-901 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES... requirement of the Ethics in Government Act of 1978. (a) Applicability. The following employees and...

  15. 30 CFR 252.6 - Freedom of Information Act requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Continental Shelf) and 30 CFR part 251 (Geological and Geophysical Explorations of the Outer Continental Shelf... Section 252.6 Mineral Resources BUREAU OF OCEAN ENERGY MANAGEMENT, REGULATION, AND ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT.... 552), the regulations contained in 43 CFR part 2 (Records and Testimony), the requirements of the...

  16. Collaboration a Make-or-Break Mandate for NCLB Waivers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McNeil, Michele

    2011-01-01

    States that want newly offered relief from certain provisions of the No Child Left Behind Act are scrambling to satisfy an easily overlooked requirement that they "meaningfully" engage with teachers, unions, parents, and community organizations, and even modify their waiver proposals based on that input. Federal education officials warn that…

  17. Heuristics and NCLB Standardized Tests: A Convenient Lie

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dodge, Arnold

    2009-01-01

    The No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 requires public schools in the United States to test students in grades 3-8. The author argues that this mandate has been supported by the public, in part, because of the "availability heuristic," a phenomenon which occurs when people assess the probability of an event by the ease with which instances or…

  18. 78 FR 54252 - Information Collection; American Recovery and Reinvestment Act-Reporting Requirements-One Time...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-03

    ... FR 58389, for the number of respondents required to comply with the requirements of FAR subpart 4.15... Register on September 24, 2010, at 75 FR 58389. No public comments were received in prior years that have...; American Recovery and Reinvestment Act-- Reporting Requirements--One Time Reporting Requirements for...

  19. 75 FR 5177 - Pipeline Posting Requirements under Section 23 of the Natural Gas Act

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-01

    ... clarification of Order No. 720. \\1\\ Pipeline Posting Requirements under section 23 of the Natural Gas Act, 73 FR... Natural Gas Act, 73 FR 1116 (Jan. 7, 2008), FERC Stats. & Regs., Proposed Regulations 2004-2007 ] 32,626.... 670, 71 FR 4244 (Jan. 26, 2006), FERC Stats. & Regs. ] 31,202 (2006). \\44\\ TPA Request for...

  20. 48 CFR 352.237-72 - Crime Control Act-requirement for background checks.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Crime Control Act... and Clauses 352.237-72 Crime Control Act—requirement for background checks. As prescribed in 337.103-70(c), the Contracting Officer shall insert the following clause: Crime Control Act of...

  1. 48 CFR 352.237-72 - Crime Control Act-requirement for background checks.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Crime Control Act... and Clauses 352.237-72 Crime Control Act—requirement for background checks. As prescribed in 337.103-70(c), the Contracting Officer shall insert the following clause: Crime Control Act of...

  2. 48 CFR 352.237-72 - Crime Control Act-requirement for background checks.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Crime Control Act... and Clauses 352.237-72 Crime Control Act—requirement for background checks. As prescribed in 337.103-70(c), the Contracting Officer shall insert the following clause: Crime Control Act of...

  3. 48 CFR 352.237-72 - Crime Control Act-requirement for background checks.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Crime Control Act... and Clauses 352.237-72 Crime Control Act—requirement for background checks. As prescribed in 337.103-70(c), the Contracting Officer shall insert the following clause: Crime Control Act of...

  4. 48 CFR 352.237-72 - Crime Control Act-requirement for background checks.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Crime Control Act... and Clauses 352.237-72 Crime Control Act—requirement for background checks. As prescribed in 337.103-70(c), the Contracting Officer shall insert the following clause: Crime Control Act of...

  5. 32 CFR 505.14 - Recordkeeping requirements under the Privacy Act.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... under the Privacy Act. (a) AR 25-400-2, The Army Records Information Management System (ARIMS). To maintain privacy records are required by the Army Records Information Management System (ARIMS) to...

  6. 32 CFR 505.14 - Recordkeeping requirements under the Privacy Act.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... under the Privacy Act. (a) AR 25-400-2, The Army Records Information Management System (ARIMS). To maintain privacy records are required by the Army Records Information Management System (ARIMS) to...

  7. 32 CFR 505.14 - Recordkeeping requirements under the Privacy Act.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... under the Privacy Act. (a) AR 25-400-2, The Army Records Information Management System (ARIMS). To maintain privacy records are required by the Army Records Information Management System (ARIMS) to...

  8. 32 CFR 505.14 - Recordkeeping requirements under the Privacy Act.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... under the Privacy Act. (a) AR 25-400-2, The Army Records Information Management System (ARIMS). To maintain privacy records are required by the Army Records Information Management System (ARIMS) to...

  9. 21 CFR 21.71 - Disclosure of records in Privacy Act Record Systems; accounting required.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... Systems; accounting required. 21.71 Section 21.71 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT... Record Systems; accounting required. (a) Except as provided in § 21.70, a record about an individual that... of the disclosure. The accounting shall not be considered a Privacy Act Record System. (2) Retain...

  10. 24 CFR 5.212 - Compliance with the Privacy Act and other requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Compliance with the Privacy Act and other requirements. 5.212 Section 5.212 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary, Department of Housing and Urban Development GENERAL HUD PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS; WAIVERS Disclosure...

  11. How NCLB Affects Students with Disabilities. Hearing Before the Subcommittee on Early Childhood, Elementary and Secondary Education, Committee on Education and Labor, U.S. House of Representatives, One Hundred Tenth Congress, First Session (March, 29, 2007). Serial Number 108-54

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    US House of Representatives, 2007

    2007-01-01

    On March 29, 2007, the Committee on Education and the Workforce held a hearing in Washington, D.C., entitled, "How NCLB Affects Students with Disabilities." Specifically, this hearing was held to determine how the No Child Left Behind Act helps, hurts, or keeps about the same, what has been done for children with disabilities. The Subcommittee…

  12. Every Student Succeeds Act and Arts Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kohn Bradley, Karen

    2016-01-01

    Dance educators will be pleased to know that there is new legislation at the federal level that supports arts education. Seven years after Congress was due to reauthorize the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (also known for eight + seven years as No Child Left Behind [NCLB]), the lawmakers, suddenly and surprisingly, came through with a new…

  13. 20 CFR 670.420 - Are there any special requirements for enrollment related to the Military Selective Service Act?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... enrollment related to the Military Selective Service Act? 670.420 Section 670.420 Employees' Benefits... there any special requirements for enrollment related to the Military Selective Service Act? (a) Yes... of the Military Selective Service Act (50 U.S.C. App. 451 et seq.) if required; and (b) When a...

  14. 20 CFR 670.420 - Are there any special requirements for enrollment related to the Military Selective Service Act?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... enrollment related to the Military Selective Service Act? 670.420 Section 670.420 Employees' Benefits....420 Are there any special requirements for enrollment related to the Military Selective Service Act... section 3 of the Military Selective Service Act (50 U.S.C. App. 451 et seq.) if required; and (b) When...

  15. 20 CFR 670.420 - Are there any special requirements for enrollment related to the Military Selective Service Act?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... enrollment related to the Military Selective Service Act? 670.420 Section 670.420 Employees' Benefits... there any special requirements for enrollment related to the Military Selective Service Act? (a) Yes... of the Military Selective Service Act (50 U.S.C. App. 451 et seq.) if required; and (b) When a...

  16. 20 CFR 670.420 - Are there any special requirements for enrollment related to the Military Selective Service Act?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... enrollment related to the Military Selective Service Act? 670.420 Section 670.420 Employees' Benefits....420 Are there any special requirements for enrollment related to the Military Selective Service Act... section 3 of the Military Selective Service Act (50 U.S.C. App. 451 et seq.) if required; and (b) When...

  17. 20 CFR 670.420 - Are there any special requirements for enrollment related to the Military Selective Service Act?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... enrollment related to the Military Selective Service Act? 670.420 Section 670.420 Employees' Benefits....420 Are there any special requirements for enrollment related to the Military Selective Service Act... section 3 of the Military Selective Service Act (50 U.S.C. App. 451 et seq.) if required; and (b) When...

  18. 18 CFR Appendix A to Part 380 - Minimum Filing Requirements for Environmental Reports Under the Natural Gas Act

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... Requirements for Environmental Reports Under the Natural Gas Act A Appendix A to Part 380 Conservation of Power... Filing Requirements for Environmental Reports Under the Natural Gas Act Environmental Reports Under the Natural Gas Act. Resource Report 1—General Project Description 1. Provide a detailed description...

  19. 18 CFR Appendix A to Part 380 - Minimum Filing Requirements for Environmental Reports Under the Natural Gas Act

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... Requirements for Environmental Reports Under the Natural Gas Act A Appendix A to Part 380 Conservation of Power... Filing Requirements for Environmental Reports Under the Natural Gas Act Environmental Reports Under the Natural Gas Act. Resource Report 1—General Project Description 1. Provide a detailed description...

  20. 2 CFR 176.50 - Award term-Reporting and registration requirements under section 1512 of the Recovery Act.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    .... Agencies are responsible for ensuring that their recipients report information required under the Recovery... Act) and to report on use of Recovery Act funds provided through this award. Information from these... requirements under section 1512 of the Recovery Act. 176.50 Section 176.50 Grants and Agreements OFFICE...

  1. 2 CFR 176.50 - Award term-Reporting and registration requirements under section 1512 of the Recovery Act.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... requirements under section 1512 of the Recovery Act. 176.50 Section 176.50 Grants and Agreements Office of... AMERICAN RECOVERY AND REINVESTMENT ACT OF 2009, PUBLIC LAW 111-5 Reporting and Registration Requirements Under Section 1512 of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 § 176.50 Award...

  2. 2 CFR 176.50 - Award term-Reporting and registration requirements under section 1512 of the Recovery Act.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... requirements under section 1512 of the Recovery Act. 176.50 Section 176.50 Grants and Agreements Office of... THE AMERICAN RECOVERY AND REINVESTMENT ACT OF 2009, PUBLIC LAW 111-5 Reporting and Registration Requirements Under Section 1512 of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 § 176.50 Award...

  3. 7 CFR 27.3 - Requirements of subsection 15b(f) of the Act.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Requirements of subsection 15b(f) of the Act. 27.3 Section 27.3 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing Practices), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE COMMODITY STANDARDS AND...

  4. EVALUATION OF A PROTOCOL FOR DRINKING WATER TREATMENT DATA REQUIRED BY THE FOOD QUALITY PROTECTION ACT

    EPA Science Inventory

    Under the Food Quality Protection Act (FQPA), the USEPA Office of Pesticide Programs (OPP) considers drinking water as a route for pesticide exposure in its human health risk assessments, and may require data on the fate of a pesticide in drinking water be supplied to OPP by the ...

  5. 77 FR 27787 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Customs Modernization Act Recordkeeping Requirements

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-11

    ... collection was previously published in the Federal Register (77 FR 13617) on March 7, 2012, allowing for a 60... SECURITY U.S. Customs and Border Protection Agency Information Collection Activities: Customs Modernization Act Recordkeeping Requirements AGENCY: U.S. Customs and Border Protection, Department of...

  6. 29 CFR 1977.3 - General requirements of section 11(c) of the Act.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 9 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false General requirements of section 11(c) of the Act. 1977.3 Section 1977.3 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR (CONTINUED) DISCRIMINATION AGAINST EMPLOYEES EXERCISING RIGHTS UNDER...

  7. 29 CFR 1977.3 - General requirements of section 11(c) of the Act.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 9 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false General requirements of section 11(c) of the Act. 1977.3 Section 1977.3 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR (CONTINUED) DISCRIMINATION AGAINST EMPLOYEES EXERCISING RIGHTS UNDER...

  8. 29 CFR 1977.3 - General requirements of section 11(c) of the Act.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 9 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false General requirements of section 11(c) of the Act. 1977.3 Section 1977.3 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR (CONTINUED) DISCRIMINATION AGAINST EMPLOYEES EXERCISING RIGHTS UNDER...

  9. 29 CFR 1977.3 - General requirements of section 11(c) of the Act.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 9 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false General requirements of section 11(c) of the Act. 1977.3 Section 1977.3 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR (CONTINUED) DISCRIMINATION AGAINST EMPLOYEES EXERCISING RIGHTS UNDER...

  10. 29 CFR 1977.3 - General requirements of section 11(c) of the Act.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 9 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false General requirements of section 11(c) of the Act. 1977.3 Section 1977.3 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR (CONTINUED) DISCRIMINATION AGAINST EMPLOYEES EXERCISING RIGHTS UNDER...

  11. 47 CFR 20.15 - Requirements under Title II of the Communications Act.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... CARRIER SERVICES COMMERCIAL MOBILE RADIO SERVICES § 20.15 Requirements under Title II of the Communications Act. (a) Commercial mobile radio services providers, to the extent applicable, must comply with... CFR part 68; and §§ 1.701-1.748, and 1.815 of this chapter, 47 CFR 1.701-1.748, 1.815. (b)...

  12. 47 CFR 20.15 - Requirements under Title II of the Communications Act.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... CARRIER SERVICES COMMERCIAL MOBILE SERVICES § 20.15 Requirements under Title II of the Communications Act. (a) Commercial mobile radio services providers, to the extent applicable, must comply with sections....C. 201, 202, 206, 207, 208, 209, 216, 217, 223, 225, 226, 227, 228; part 68 of this chapter, 47...

  13. 27 CFR 26.202 - Requirements of the Federal Alcohol Administration Act.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Requirements of the Federal Alcohol Administration Act. 26.202 Section 26.202 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL... RICO AND THE VIRGIN ISLANDS Products Coming Into the United States From the Virgin Islands §...

  14. 32 CFR 635.3 - Special requirements of the Privacy Act of 1974.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... used. (c) Army law enforcement personnel performing official duties often require an individual's SSN... contained thereon (for example, the sponsor's SSN) may be used to verify and complete applicable sections of... advised of the provisions of the Privacy Act Statement when requested to disclose their SSN. (d)...

  15. 32 CFR 635.3 - Special requirements of the Privacy Act of 1974.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... used. (c) Army law enforcement personnel performing official duties often require an individual's SSN... contained thereon (for example, the sponsor's SSN) may be used to verify and complete applicable sections of... advised of the provisions of the Privacy Act Statement when requested to disclose their SSN. (d)...

  16. 32 CFR 635.3 - Special requirements of the Privacy Act of 1974.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... used. (c) Army law enforcement personnel performing official duties often require an individual's SSN... contained thereon (for example, the sponsor's SSN) may be used to verify and complete applicable sections of... advised of the provisions of the Privacy Act Statement when requested to disclose their SSN. (d)...

  17. 32 CFR 635.3 - Special requirements of the Privacy Act of 1974.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... used. (c) Army law enforcement personnel performing official duties often require an individual's SSN... contained thereon (for example, the sponsor's SSN) may be used to verify and complete applicable sections of... advised of the provisions of the Privacy Act Statement when requested to disclose their SSN. (d)...

  18. 32 CFR 635.3 - Special requirements of the Privacy Act of 1974.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... used. (c) Army law enforcement personnel performing official duties often require an individual's SSN... contained thereon (for example, the sponsor's SSN) may be used to verify and complete applicable sections of... advised of the provisions of the Privacy Act Statement when requested to disclose their SSN. (d)...

  19. 76 FR 33413 - Proposed Renewal Without Change; Comment Request; Nine Bank Secrecy Act Recordkeeping Requirements

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-08

    ... Financial Crimes Enforcement Network Proposed Renewal Without Change; Comment Request; Nine Bank Secrecy Act... be submitted to: Financial Crimes Enforcement Network, P.O. Box 39, Vienna, VA 22183, Attention: BSA... Requirements Comments.'' FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Financial Crimes Enforcement Network,...

  20. 48 CFR 52.204-11 - American Recovery and Reinvestment Act-Reporting Requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... Contractor shall report the following information, using the online reporting tool available at http://www... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 2 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false American Recovery and Reinvestment Act-Reporting Requirements. 52.204-11 Section 52.204-11 Federal Acquisition Regulations...

  1. 48 CFR 52.204-11 - American Recovery and Reinvestment Act-Reporting Requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... Contractor shall report the following information, using the online reporting tool available at http://www... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 2 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false American Recovery and Reinvestment Act-Reporting Requirements. 52.204-11 Section 52.204-11 Federal Acquisition Regulations...

  2. 48 CFR 52.204-11 - American Recovery and Reinvestment Act-Reporting Requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... Contractor shall report the following information, using the online reporting tool available at http://www... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 2 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false American Recovery and Reinvestment Act-Reporting Requirements. 52.204-11 Section 52.204-11 Federal Acquisition Regulations...

  3. The Reasonable Accommodation Requirements of Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wenkart, Ronald D.

    1990-01-01

    The reasonable accommodation requirements of Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 have recently been applied to public schools. Among the rulings were the provision of a sign language interpreter to hearing-impaired parents and the allowance of a service dog onto a school campus. (MLF)

  4. 78 FR 27308 - Loan Originator Compensation Requirements Under the Truth In Lending Act (Regulation Z...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-10

    ... adopting Sec. 1026.36(i). \\1\\ 78 FR 11279 (Feb. 15, 2013). A. Title XIV Rulemaking Effective Dates In... become effective sooner than January 2014.\\5\\ \\5\\ 77 FR 55272 (Sept. 7, 2012). The Bureau received very... Requirements Under the Truth In Lending Act (Regulation Z); Prohibition on Financing Credit Insurance...

  5. 75 FR 55663 - Requirements for Federal Funding Accountability and Transparency Act Implementation

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-14

    ... of State officials; 16 institutions of higher education and an association of research universities... required for Transparency Act reporting of subawards and executive compensation [75 FR 43165]. The Federal... institutions of higher education noted that the limitation in OMB Circular A-21 on recovery of indirect...

  6. 21 CFR 21.71 - Disclosure of records in Privacy Act Record Systems; accounting required.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Disclosure of records in Privacy Act Record Systems; accounting required. 21.71 Section 21.71 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT... Record Systems to Persons Other Than the Subject Individual § 21.71 Disclosure of records in Privacy...

  7. 21 CFR 21.71 - Disclosure of records in Privacy Act Record Systems; accounting required.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Disclosure of records in Privacy Act Record Systems; accounting required. 21.71 Section 21.71 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT... Record Systems to Persons Other Than the Subject Individual § 21.71 Disclosure of records in Privacy...

  8. 21 CFR 21.71 - Disclosure of records in Privacy Act Record Systems; accounting required.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Disclosure of records in Privacy Act Record Systems; accounting required. 21.71 Section 21.71 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT... Record Systems to Persons Other Than the Subject Individual § 21.71 Disclosure of records in Privacy...

  9. 21 CFR 21.71 - Disclosure of records in Privacy Act Record Systems; accounting required.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Disclosure of records in Privacy Act Record Systems; accounting required. 21.71 Section 21.71 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT... Record Systems to Persons Other Than the Subject Individual § 21.71 Disclosure of records in Privacy...

  10. 78 FR 27001 - Horse Protection Act; Requiring Horse Industry Organizations To Assess and Enforce Minimum...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-09

    ... published in the Federal Register on June 7, 2012 (77 FR 33607-33619, Docket No. APHIS-2011-0030), and... Inspection Service 9 CFR Part 11 RIN 0579-AD43 Horse Protection Act; Requiring Horse Industry Organizations... Federal Register on June 7, 2012, and effective on July 9, 2012, we amended the horse...

  11. 48 CFR 52.225-10 - Notice of Buy American Act Requirement-Construction Materials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Requirement-Construction Materials. 52.225-10 Section 52.225-10 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL... Provisions and Clauses 52.225-10 Notice of Buy American Act Requirement—Construction Materials. As prescribed... Materials (FEB 2009) (a) Definitions. “Commercially available off-the-shelf (COTS) item,”...

  12. 48 CFR 52.225-10 - Notice of Buy American Act Requirement-Construction Materials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... Requirement-Construction Materials. 52.225-10 Section 52.225-10 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL... Provisions and Clauses 52.225-10 Notice of Buy American Act Requirement—Construction Materials. As prescribed... Materials (FEB 2009) (a) Definitions. “Commercially available off-the-shelf (COTS) item,”...

  13. 48 CFR 52.225-10 - Notice of Buy American Act Requirement-Construction Materials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... Requirement-Construction Materials. 52.225-10 Section 52.225-10 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL... Provisions and Clauses 52.225-10 Notice of Buy American Act Requirement—Construction Materials. As prescribed... Materials (FEB 2009) (a) Definitions. “Commercially available off-the-shelf (COTS) item,”...

  14. 48 CFR 52.225-10 - Notice of Buy American Act Requirement-Construction Materials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... Requirement-Construction Materials. 52.225-10 Section 52.225-10 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL... Provisions and Clauses 52.225-10 Notice of Buy American Act Requirement—Construction Materials. As prescribed... Materials (FEB 2009) (a) Definitions. “Commercially available off-the-shelf (COTS) item,”...

  15. The actin gene ACT1 is required for phagocytosis, motility, and cell separation of Tetrahymena thermophila.

    PubMed

    Williams, Norman E; Tsao, Che-Chia; Bowen, Josephine; Hehman, Gery L; Williams, Ruth J; Frankel, Joseph

    2006-03-01

    A previously identified Tetrahymena thermophila actin gene (C. G. Cupples and R. E. Pearlman, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 83:5160-5164, 1986), here called ACT1, was disrupted by insertion of a neo3 cassette. Cells in which all expressed copies of this gene were disrupted exhibited intermittent and extremely slow motility and severely curtailed phagocytic uptake. Transformation of these cells with inducible genetic constructs that contained a normal ACT1 gene restored motility. Use of an epitope-tagged construct permitted visualization of Act1p in the isolated axonemes of these rescued cells. In ACT1Delta mutant cells, ultrastructural abnormalities of outer doublet microtubules were present in some of the axonemes. Nonetheless, these cells were still able to assemble cilia after deciliation. The nearly paralyzed ACT1Delta cells completed cleavage furrowing normally, but the presumptive daughter cells often failed to separate from one another and later became reintegrated. Clonal analysis revealed that the cell cycle length of the ACT1Delta cells was approximately double that of wild-type controls. Clones could nonetheless be maintained for up to 15 successive fissions, suggesting that the ACT1 gene is not essential for cell viability or growth. Examination of the cell cortex with monoclonal antibodies revealed that whereas elongation of ciliary rows and formation of oral structures were normal, the ciliary rows of reintegrated daughter cells became laterally displaced and sometimes rejoined indiscriminately across the former division furrow. We conclude that Act1p is required in Tetrahymena thermophila primarily for normal ciliary motility and for phagocytosis and secondarily for the final separation of daughter cells.

  16. Individuals with Disabilities Education Act Reauthorization: Accountability and Personal Responsibility

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Turnbull, H. Rutherford

    2005-01-01

    The reauthorized Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) is a school-reform law closely aligned with the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB); a civil rights law; and a "cousin" of the 1996 welfare reform law. By imposing new or strengthened accountability expectations on students with disabilities and their parents, the reauthorized IDEA…

  17. Corrective Action in Low Performing Schools: Lessons for NCLB Implementation from First-Generation Accountability Systems

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mintrop, Heinrich; Trujillo, Tina

    2005-01-01

    This paper explores what lessons we can learn from the experiences of states that instituted NCLB-like accountability systems prior to 2001 (here called first-generation accountability systems). We looked at the experiences of three smaller states (Kentucky, Maryland, North Carolina), four larger ones (California, Florida, New York, Texas), and…

  18. The Influence of an NCLB Accountability Plan on the Distribution of Student Test Score Gains

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Springer, Matthew G.

    2008-01-01

    Previous research on the effect of accountability programs on the distribution of student test score gains is decidedly mixed. This study examines the issue by estimating an educational production function in which test score gains are a function of the incentives schools have to focus instruction on below-proficient students. NCLB's threat of…

  19. Confluence Is a Cure: A Reply to "Edison Is the Symptom, NCLB Is the Disease"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chubb, John

    2007-01-01

    This article presents a reply to "Edison Is the Symptom, NCLB Is the Disease" by Peter Campbell--a critique that portrayed the school as an exploitative environment, a veritable plantation subjugating poor minority children through mind-numbing, compliance-inducing drills. The author refutes the specific charges leveled against Confluence and the…

  20. District Leadership for Science Education: Using K-12 Departments to Support Elementary Science Education under NCLB

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, Christopher L.

    2010-01-01

    By contrasting two case studies of school districts, this paper illustrates the effectiveness of K-12 science departments in supporting elementary science education, especially in response to NCLB's push towards the articulation of curriculum across all grades and as a response to the erosion of instructional time on science in elementary schools…

  1. Expanding Restructuring and Taking on High Schools: An NCLB Follow-up Report in Michigan

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scott, Caitlin

    2009-01-01

    During the past year, the state of Michigan has made noteworthy changes in the accountability system used for NCLB. Partly as a result of these changes, the number of schools identified for restructuring has changed since the previous year. In addition, the state has continued providing various types of assistance to schools in restructuring. This…

  2. Evaluating the Impact of NCLB School Interventions in New York State: Does One Size Fit All?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, Jaekyung; Shin, Hyejin; Amo, Laura Casey

    2013-01-01

    This study examines the efficacy and moderators of New York State interventions for schools in need of improvement under NCLB, including: (1) school transfer, (2) supplementary education service (3) corrective action, (4) planning for restructuring, and (5) restructuring. Despite the fact that schools in increasingly aggressive treatment groups…

  3. Top Down, Bottom Up: California Districts in Corrective Action and Schools in Restructuring under NCLB

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scott, Caitlin

    2009-01-01

    This report describes how California is providing direct intervention to improve structures and processes in districts, which is intended over time to improve curriculum, instruction, and student achievement at the school level. For districts subject to federal Corrective Action under NCLB, California's approach is "top down" in that both federal…

  4. 20 CFR 667.250 - What requirements relate to the enforcement of the Military Selective Service Act?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... of the Military Selective Service Act? 667.250 Section 667.250 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT AND... enforcement of the Military Selective Service Act? The requirements relating to the enforcement of the Military Selective Service Act are found at WIA section 189(h)....

  5. 20 CFR 667.250 - What requirements relate to the enforcement of the Military Selective Service Act?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... of the Military Selective Service Act? 667.250 Section 667.250 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT AND... the enforcement of the Military Selective Service Act? The requirements relating to the enforcement of the Military Selective Service Act are found at WIA section 189(h)....

  6. 20 CFR 667.250 - What requirements relate to the enforcement of the Military Selective Service Act?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... of the Military Selective Service Act? 667.250 Section 667.250 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT AND... the enforcement of the Military Selective Service Act? The requirements relating to the enforcement of the Military Selective Service Act are found at WIA section 189(h)....

  7. 20 CFR 667.250 - What requirements relate to the enforcement of the Military Selective Service Act?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... of the Military Selective Service Act? 667.250 Section 667.250 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT AND... the enforcement of the Military Selective Service Act? The requirements relating to the enforcement of the Military Selective Service Act are found at WIA section 189(h)....

  8. 20 CFR 667.250 - What requirements relate to the enforcement of the Military Selective Service Act?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... of the Military Selective Service Act? 667.250 Section 667.250 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT AND... enforcement of the Military Selective Service Act? The requirements relating to the enforcement of the Military Selective Service Act are found at WIA section 189(h)....

  9. 2 CFR 176.50 - Award term-Reporting and registration requirements under section 1512 of the Recovery Act.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... responsible for ensuring that their recipients report information required under the Recovery Act in a timely... report on use of Recovery Act funds provided through this award. Information from these reports will be... awards funded with Recovery Act funds. A Dun and Bradstreet Data Universal Numbering System (DUNS)...

  10. 2 CFR 176.50 - Award term-Reporting and registration requirements under section 1512 of the Recovery Act.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... responsible for ensuring that their recipients report information required under the Recovery Act in a timely... report on use of Recovery Act funds provided through this award. Information from these reports will be... awards funded with Recovery Act funds. A Dun and Bradstreet Data Universal Numbering System (DUNS)...

  11. 2 CFR 176.190 - Award term-Wage rate requirements under Section 1606 of the Recovery Act.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... THAT INCLUDE FUNDS UNDER THE AMERICAN RECOVERY AND REINVESTMENT ACT OF 2009, PUBLIC LAW 111-5 Wage Rate... rate requirements under Section 1606 of the Recovery Act. When issuing announcements or requesting... Copeland Act, 40 U.S.C. 3145, the Department of Labor has issued regulations at 29 CFR parts 1, 3, and 5...

  12. Requirements and impacts of the Federal Facility Compliance Act on the Department of Energy

    SciTech Connect

    Chang, L.; Tripp, S.C.

    1993-03-01

    The Federal Facilities Compliance Act (FFCA, the Act) was signed into law on October 6, 1992, primarily as a means of waiving sovereign immunity for federal facilities with respect to requirements under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act. DOE`s implementation of the FFCA will have significant effects on current and future DOE waste management operations. DOE will need to rethink its strategy in the area of future compliance agreements to ensure commitments and deliverables are made consistent throughout the different DOE facilities. Several types of agreements that address mixed waste land disposal restriction (LDR) compliance have already been signed by both DOE and the regulators. These agreements are in place at the Hanford Reservation, the Savannah River Site, the Oak Ridge Reservation (Oak Ridge National Laboratory, K-25, Y-12), and the Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant. The Rocky Flats Agreement is now being renegotiated. Los Alamos National Laboratory, Sandia/Albuquerque National Laboratory, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, and Idaho National Engineering Laboratory agreements are in progress. Major components of the FFCA include provisions on: sovereign immunity waiver; cost reimbursements; mixed waste requirements, including inventory reports on mixed waste and treatment capacity and technologies; and plans for the development of treatment capacities and technologies. Each of these components is discussed within this paper.

  13. 29 CFR 785.5 - General requirements of sections 6 and 7 of the Fair Labor Standards Act.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... the Fair Labor Standards Act. Section 6 requires the payment of a minimum wage by an employer to his... 29 Labor 3 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false General requirements of sections 6 and 7 of the Fair Labor Standards Act. 785.5 Section 785.5 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) WAGE AND HOUR...

  14. 29 CFR 785.5 - General requirements of sections 6 and 7 of the Fair Labor Standards Act.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... the Fair Labor Standards Act. Section 6 requires the payment of a minimum wage by an employer to his... 29 Labor 3 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false General requirements of sections 6 and 7 of the Fair Labor Standards Act. 785.5 Section 785.5 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) WAGE AND HOUR...

  15. 29 CFR 785.5 - General requirements of sections 6 and 7 of the Fair Labor Standards Act.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... the Fair Labor Standards Act. Section 6 requires the payment of a minimum wage by an employer to his... 29 Labor 3 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false General requirements of sections 6 and 7 of the Fair Labor Standards Act. 785.5 Section 785.5 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) WAGE AND HOUR...

  16. 29 CFR 785.5 - General requirements of sections 6 and 7 of the Fair Labor Standards Act.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... the Fair Labor Standards Act. Section 6 requires the payment of a minimum wage by an employer to his... 29 Labor 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false General requirements of sections 6 and 7 of the Fair Labor Standards Act. 785.5 Section 785.5 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) WAGE AND HOUR...

  17. 29 CFR 785.5 - General requirements of sections 6 and 7 of the Fair Labor Standards Act.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... the Fair Labor Standards Act. Section 6 requires the payment of a minimum wage by an employer to his... 29 Labor 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false General requirements of sections 6 and 7 of the Fair Labor Standards Act. 785.5 Section 785.5 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) WAGE AND HOUR...

  18. 2 CFR 176.190 - Award term-Wage rate requirements under Section 1606 of the Recovery Act.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... RECOVERY AND REINVESTMENT ACT OF 2009, PUBLIC LAW 111-5 Wage Rate Requirements Under Section 1606 of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 § 176.190 Award term—Wage rate requirements under Section.... 3145, the Department of Labor has issued regulations at 29 CFR parts 1, 3, and 5 to implement the...

  19. Modeling Requirements for Simulating the Effects of Extreme Acts of Terrorism: A White Paper

    SciTech Connect

    Allen, M.; Hiebert-Dodd, K.; Marozas, D.; Paananen, O.; Pryor, R.J.; Reinert, R.K.

    1998-10-01

    This white paper presents the initial requirements for developing a new computer model for simulating the effects of extreme acts of terrorism in the United States. General characteristics of the model are proposed and the level of effort to prepare a complete written description of the model, prior to coding, is detailed. The model would simulate the decision processes and interactions of complex U. S. systems engaged in responding to and recovering from four types of terrorist incidents. The incident scenarios span the space of extreme acts of terrorism that have the potential to affect not only the impacted area, but also the entire nation. The model would be useful to decision-makers in assessing and analyzing the vulnerability of the nation's complex infrastructures, in prioritizing resources to reduce risk, and in planning strategies for immediate response and for subsequent recovery from terrorist incidents.

  20. The No Child Left Behind Act: Clarifying the Potential Role of Scientists

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mangan, J. M.; Slater, T. F.

    2003-12-01

    The No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) of 2001 seeks to redefine the role the federal government plays in K-12 education. The four basic principles behind the NCLB's sweeping reform are: stronger accountability for results, increased flexibility and local control, expanded options for parents, and an emphasis on teaching methods that have been proven to work. Beginning first by focusing on reading and mathematics and then following quickly in science, the full extent to which this act will impact schools is unclear. One clause in this act suggests that math and science achievement will be improved by having school districts forge partnerships with math and science departments at institutions of higher education, including research universities. However, it is also unclear how scientists who are committed to K-12 teacher education should respond to the directives in NCLB. We examine the NCLB Act in depth with the goals of providing a more clear overview of the roles scientists may be expected to take if NCLB becomes the model for education reform and stimulating discussion amongst scientists and educators about how best to rapidly respond to the immediate needs of students, teachers, and schools. Work supported in part by a grant from the Arizona Board of Regents and the Arizona Regents University to the University of Arizona Conceptual Astronomy and Physics Education Research (CAPER) Team at Steward Observatory.

  1. Implementing the Affordable Care Act: Revisiting the ACA's Essential Health Benefits Requirements.

    PubMed

    Giovannelli, Justin; Lucia, Kevin W; Corlette, Sabrina

    2014-10-01

    The Affordable Care Act broadens and strengthens the health insurance benefits available to consumers by requiring insurers to provide coverage of a minimum set of medical services known as "essential health benefits." Federal officials implemented this reform using transitional policies that left many important decisions to the states, while pledging to reassess that approach in time for the 2016 coverage year. This issue brief examines how states have exercised their options under the initial federal essential health benefits framework. We find significant variation in how states have developed their essential health benefits packages, including their approaches to benefit substitution and coverage of habilitative services. Federal regulators should use insurance company data describing enrollees' experiences with their coverage--information called for under the law's delayed transparency requirements--to determine whether states' differing strategies are producing the coverage improvements promised by reform. PMID:26259257

  2. Critics of NCLB Ask Congress to Overhaul It

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Klein, Alyson

    2007-01-01

    This article describes the contents of a proposal released last week by a coalition that includes some of the most prominent critics of the No Child Left Behind Act. It asks Congress to scrap the accountability system at the center of the federal education law in favor of one that holds schools responsible for improving teacher training and…

  3. Report: NCLB Law Hasn't Superseded Contracts

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Keller, Bess

    2006-01-01

    The possibility that the No Child Left Behind Act could trump provisions of collective bargaining agreements with teachers has hung in the air as an open question since before the measure became law in 2002. But it should not anymore, says a report released last week asserting that the teachers' contracts have the winning hand. The debate began as…

  4. 47 CFR 54.520 - Children's Internet Protection Act certifications required from recipients of discounts under the...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 3 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Children's Internet Protection Act... Libraries § 54.520 Children's Internet Protection Act certifications required from recipients of discounts... “technology protection measure” as used in this section, are defined in the Children's Internet Protection...

  5. 47 CFR 54.520 - Children's Internet Protection Act certifications required from recipients of discounts under the...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Children's Internet Protection Act... Libraries § 54.520 Children's Internet Protection Act certifications required from recipients of discounts... “technology protection measure” as used in this section, are defined in the Children's Internet Protection...

  6. 47 CFR 54.520 - Children's Internet Protection Act certifications required from recipients of discounts under the...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 3 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Children's Internet Protection Act... Libraries § 54.520 Children's Internet Protection Act certifications required from recipients of discounts... technology that blocks or filters Internet access to the material covered by a certification under...

  7. 47 CFR 54.520 - Children's Internet Protection Act certifications required from recipients of discounts under the...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 3 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Children's Internet Protection Act... Libraries § 54.520 Children's Internet Protection Act certifications required from recipients of discounts... technology that blocks or filters Internet access to the material covered by a certification under...

  8. 47 CFR 54.520 - Children's Internet Protection Act certifications required from recipients of discounts under the...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 3 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Children's Internet Protection Act... Libraries § 54.520 Children's Internet Protection Act certifications required from recipients of discounts... technology that blocks or filters Internet access to the material covered by a certification under...

  9. 2 CFR 176.190 - Award term-Wage rate requirements under Section 1606 of the Recovery Act.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... FUNDS UNDER THE AMERICAN RECOVERY AND REINVESTMENT ACT OF 2009, PUBLIC LAW 111-5 Wage Rate Requirements Under Section 1606 of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 § 176.190 Award term—Wage rate....S.C. 3145, the Department of Labor has issued regulations at 29 CFR parts 1, 3, and 5 to...

  10. 2 CFR 176.190 - Award term-Wage rate requirements under Section 1606 of the Recovery Act.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... FUNDS UNDER THE AMERICAN RECOVERY AND REINVESTMENT ACT OF 2009, PUBLIC LAW 111-5 Wage Rate Requirements Under Section 1606 of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 § 176.190 Award term—Wage rate....S.C. 3145, the Department of Labor has issued regulations at 29 CFR parts 1, 3, and 5 to...

  11. 20 CFR 652.211 - What are State planning requirements under the Act?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... of services provided under the Act in accordance with WIA regulations at 20 CFR 661.220. The State..., DEPARTMENT OF LABOR ESTABLISHMENT AND FUNCTIONING OF STATE EMPLOYMENT SERVICES Wagner-Peyser Act Services...

  12. 20 CFR 652.211 - What are State planning requirements under the Act?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... of services provided under the Act in accordance with WIA regulations at 20 CFR 661.220. The State..., DEPARTMENT OF LABOR ESTABLISHMENT AND FUNCTIONING OF STATE EMPLOYMENT SERVICES Wagner-Peyser Act Services...

  13. Do States Have the Capacity to Meet the NCLB Mandates?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sunderman, Gail L.; Orfield, Gary

    2007-01-01

    The states have always been central to the American public school systems, and they have been sharply expanding their authority over local school districts since the 1980s, when they adopted education reforms that increased course requirements (especially in science and math), mandated uniform testing, and put in place higher teaching standards. A…

  14. Edison Is the Symptom, NCLB Is the Disease

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Campbell, Peter

    2007-01-01

    Engaging students requires giving them a say in what they learn and how they will learn it. However, in strictly disciplined, rule-bound schools with test-driven curricula, this cannot happen. Edison Schools, Inc., a for-profit Education Management Organization (EMO), and Confluence Academy, an Edison-run school located in one of the most…

  15. 78 FR 4725 - Escrow Requirements Under the Truth in Lending Act (Regulation Z)

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-22

    ... persons excluded from coverage by section 1029 of the Dodd-Frank Act). See 76 FR 79768 (Dec. 22, 2011... granted to the Board by the Home Ownership and Equity Protection Act of 1994 (HOEPA). See 73 FR 44522... of sections 1461 and 1462 of the Dodd-Frank Act. 76 FR 11598 (Mar. 2, 2011) (the Board's 2011...

  16. Consequences of proposed changes to Clean Water Act thermal discharge requirements

    SciTech Connect

    Veil, J.A.; Moses, D.O.

    1995-12-31

    This paper summarizes three studies that examined the economic and environmental impact on the power industry of (1) limiting thermal mixing zones to 1,000 feet, and (2) eliminating the Clean Water Act (CWA) {section}316(1) variance. Both of these proposed changes were included in S. 1081, a 1991 Senate bill to reauthorize the CWA. The bill would not have provided for grandfathering plants already using the variance or mixing zones larger than 1000 feet. Each of the two changes to the existing thermal discharge requirements were independently evaluated. Power companies were asked what they would do if these two changes were imposed. Most plants affected by the proposed changes would retrofit cooling towers and some would retrofit diffusers. Assuming that all affected plants would proportionally follow the same options as the surveyed plants, the estimated capital cost of retrofitting cooling towers or diffusers at all affected plants ranges from $21.4 to 24.4 billion. Both cooling towers and diffusers exert a 1%-5.8% energy penalty on a plant`s output. Consequently, the power companies must generate additional power if they install those technologies. The estimated cost of the additional power ranges from $10 to 18.4 billion over 20 years. Generation of the extra power would emit over 8 million tons per year of additional carbon dioxide. Operation of the new cooling towers would cause more than 1.5 million gallons per minute of additional evaporation. Neither the restricted mixing zone size nor the elimination of the {section}316(1) variance was adopted into law. More recent proposed changes to the Clean Water Act have not included either of these provisions, but in the future, other Congresses might attempt to reintroduce these types of changes.

  17. 45 CFR 1356.40 - Adoption assistance program: Administrative requirements to implement section 473 of the Act.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... SERVICES THE ADMINISTRATION ON CHILDREN, YOUTH AND FAMILIES, FOSTER CARE MAINTENANCE PAYMENTS, ADOPTION ASSISTANCE, AND CHILD AND FAMILY SERVICES REQUIREMENTS APPLICABLE TO TITLE IV-E § 1356.40 Adoption assistance... requirements of section 475(3) of the Act and must: (1) Be signed and in effect at the time of or prior to...

  18. 45 CFR 1356.40 - Adoption assistance program: Administrative requirements to implement section 473 of the Act.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... SERVICES THE ADMINISTRATION ON CHILDREN, YOUTH AND FAMILIES, FOSTER CARE MAINTENANCE PAYMENTS, ADOPTION ASSISTANCE, AND CHILD AND FAMILY SERVICES REQUIREMENTS APPLICABLE TO TITLE IV-E § 1356.40 Adoption assistance... requirements of section 475(3) of the Act and must: (1) Be signed and in effect at the time of or prior to...

  19. 45 CFR 1356.40 - Adoption assistance program: Administrative requirements to implement section 473 of the Act.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... SERVICES THE ADMINISTRATION ON CHILDREN, YOUTH AND FAMILIES, FOSTER CARE MAINTENANCE PAYMENTS, ADOPTION ASSISTANCE, AND CHILD AND FAMILY SERVICES REQUIREMENTS APPLICABLE TO TITLE IV-E § 1356.40 Adoption assistance... requirements of section 475(3) of the Act and must: (1) Be signed and in effect at the time of or prior to...

  20. Intergovernmental relations inherent in the Energy Management Partnership Act: a workshop on information requirements

    SciTech Connect

    Hoop, W.J.; Edelson, E.

    1980-02-01

    This paper summarizes the results of the first of three workshops that were planned to assess the information needed by the Office of Conservation and Solar Energy (CS) to effectively evaluate the pending Energy Management Partnership Act (EMPA); the workshop concentrated on issues of the EMPA hierarchical partnership. The approach utilized offers two major benefits to CS. First, by considering the problem of program evaluation while EMPA is still in the planning stage, this study identifies any baseline information that should be collected prior to implementation of EMPA, and also provides CS with the opportunity to include evaluation considerations in the operating guidelines for the program. Second, by identifying the potential problems and benefits inherent in EMPA and then identifying the information necessary to evaluate these problems and benefits, information requirements tied to the reasons for needing that information are generated, rather than a long unrelated laundry list of information requirements. Drafting of EMPA is not yet complete. When the term EMPA is used here, it refers to a set of bills that are presently being melded together. The original EMPA bill, which originated in DOE, was designed to expand the role of state and local governments in achieving national energy goals. Specifically, EMPA would provide a total of $110 million annually to state and local governments over a five year period to (1) develop an overall state energy plan, (2) consolidate three existing federal energy grant programs, (3) allow the secretary to fund directly innovative projects at the local level, and (4) provide additional assistance to states to cover the administrative costs of existing energy programs. Other bills, which may be passed in conjuncttion with EMPA or incorporated into EMPA, place additional emphasis on the local level by allocating as much as $400 million annually to local governments.

  1. Integrating NEPA (National Environmental Policy Act) and CERCLA (Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act) requirements during remedial responses at DOE facilities

    SciTech Connect

    Levine, M.B.; Smith, E.D.; Sharples, F.E.; Eddlemon, G.K.

    1990-07-01

    US Department of Energy (DOE) Order 5400.4, issued October 6, 1989, calls for integrating the requirements of the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) with those of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA) for DOE remedial actions under CERCLA. CERCLA requires that decisions on site remediation be made through a formal process called a Remedial Investigation/Feasibility Study (RI/FS). According to the DOE order, integration is to be accomplished by conducting the NEPA and CERCLA environmental planning and review procedures concurrently. The primary instrument for integrating the processes is to be the RI/FS process, which will be supplemented as needed to meet the procedural and documentational requirements of NEPA. The final product of the integrated process will be a single, integrated set of documents; namely, an RI report and an FS-EIS that satisfy the requirements of both NEPA and CERCLA. The contents of the report include (1) an overview and comparison of the requirements of the two processes; (2) descriptions of the major tasks included in the integrated RI/FS-EIS process; (3) recommended contents for integrated RI/FS-EIS documents; and (4)a discussion of some potential problems in integrating NEPA and CERCLA that fall outisde the scope of the RI/FS-EIS process, with suggestions for resolving some of these problems. 15 refs.

  2. MEETING THE REQUIREMENTS OF THE U.S. SAFE DRINKING WATER ACT: THE ROLE OF TECHNOLOGY

    EPA Science Inventory

    The passage of the U.S. Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA) in 1974 has had a major impact on the way water is treated and delivered in the United States. The Act established national drinking water regulations for more than 170,000 public drinking water systems serving over 250 mill...

  3. Maintaining Student Records and Meeting Confidentiality Requirements under the Family Education Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA), Individuals with Disability Education Act (IDEA), Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act (504). A Primer for Educators

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Copenhaver, John

    2006-01-01

    An important federal statute impacting student records is the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA), enacted to ensure student/parent access to education records and to limit disclosures to others for unauthorized purposes. FERPA Regulations set forth the basic federal records retention and destruction requirements. The records of…

  4. The Impact of IDEA 04 and NCLB on Speech and Language Related Services: How Do We Meet the Challenges

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Means, Jennifer

    2006-01-01

    As most special educators endure the periodic legal changes in education and special education, related service providers face the same challenges. These challenges include Inclusion, IDEA 04 regulations, NCLB and curricular related services. This paper presents these challenges and discusses a variety of solutions providing the most appropriate…

  5. A Mixed-Method Analysis of the Alignment of Title I Achieving Schools' Professional Development to NCLB Professional Development Provisions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Quinn, Kerry

    2013-01-01

    The improvement of schools has been a central discussion among educators, legislators, and stakeholders, with professional development being acknowledged as a fundamental topic for the success of the education system. Studying the alignment of professional development programs provided at Title I Achieving schools to NCLB research based…

  6. Are More Stringent NCLB State Accountability Systems Associated with Better Student Outcomes? An Analysis of NAEP Results across States

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wei, Xin

    2012-01-01

    This study developed a comprehensive measure of the stringency level of NCLB states' accountability systems, including the strength of their annual measurable objectives, confidence intervals, performance indexing, retesting, minimum subgroup size, and the difficulty levels of proficiency standards. This study related accountability stringency in…

  7. Comparative Analysis of Demographic and Student Achievement Outcomes of Implementation of the Nclb Public School Choice Provision

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ferebee, Lewis

    2010-01-01

    Expanding schooling options for children in low performing schools is one of the major principles of No Child Left Behind (NCLB) policy, representing two reform initiatives for public education school improvement that have dominated the conversations among public education policymakers, test-based accountability and school choice. Given their…

  8. "Teaching to the Test" in the NCLB Era: How Test Predictability Affects Our Understanding of Student Performance

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jennings, Jennifer L.; Bearak, Jonathan Marc

    2014-01-01

    What is "teaching to the test," and can one detect evidence of this practice in state test scores? This paper unpacks this concept and empirically investigates one variant of it by analyzing test item--level data from three states' mathematics and reading tests. We show that NCLB-era state tests predictably emphasized some state…

  9. Assessing U.S. Public School Quality: The Advantages of Combining Internal "Consumer Ratings" with External NCLB Ratings

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Price, Heather E.

    2016-01-01

    The school quality assessment process under No Child Left Behind (NCLB) is criticized for oversimplifying and overemphasizing standardized test results and unfairly targeting diverse, urban schools. There has been much development in alternative test score evaluations, especially value-added models. These developments have tilted the public…

  10. Historical Relevance: NCLB in Relation to Exclusion of Prince George's County ADHD and LD Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Watt, Lawrence

    2013-01-01

    The implications of No Child Left Behind made comparisons of all students in the American education system with students in other countries. NCLB also made historical comparisons with students from previous generations. The purpose of this study was to point out the impropriety of making these comparisons. Students who attended school prior to the…

  11. Elementary Teachers' Beliefs about Teaching Science and Classroom Practice: An Examination of Pre/Post NCLB Testing in Science

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Milner, Andrea R.; Sondergeld, Toni A.; Demir, Abdulkadir; Johnson, Carla C.; Czerniak, Charlene M.

    2012-01-01

    The impact of No Child Left Behind (NCLB) mandated state science assessment on elementary teachers' beliefs about teaching science and their classroom practice is relatively unknown. For many years, the teaching of science has been minimized in elementary schools in favor of more emphasis on reading and mathematics. This study examines the…

  12. 12 CFR 335.601 - Requirements of section 16 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... regulations issued under section 16 of the Exchange Act (17 CFR part 240), except that the forms described in... FDICconnect at https://www2.fdicconnect.gov/index.asp. Copies of FDIC Forms 3, 4, and 5 and the...

  13. 12 CFR 335.601 - Requirements of section 16 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... regulations issued under section 16 of the Exchange Act (17 CFR part 240), except that the forms described in... FDICconnect at https://www2.fdicconnect.gov/index.asp. Copies of FDIC Forms 3, 4, and 5 and the...

  14. 12 CFR 335.601 - Requirements of section 16 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... regulations issued under section 16 of the Exchange Act (17 CFR part 240), except that the forms described in... FDICconnect at https://www2.fdicconnect.gov/index.asp. Copies of FDIC Forms 3, 4, and 5 and the...

  15. 12 CFR 335.601 - Requirements of section 16 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... regulations issued under section 16 of the Exchange Act (17 CFR part 240), except that the forms described in... FDICconnect at https://www2.fdicconnect.gov/index.asp. Copies of FDIC Forms 3, 4, and 5 and the...

  16. 16 CFR 500.3 - Prohibited acts, coverage, general labeling requirements, exemption procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... the Act, shall bear a label specifying the identity of the commodity; the name and place of business... initiative or pursuant to petition filed with the Secretary by any interested person or group...

  17. 16 CFR 500.3 - Prohibited acts, coverage, general labeling requirements, exemption procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... the Act, shall bear a label specifying the identity of the commodity; the name and place of business... initiative or pursuant to petition filed with the Secretary by any interested person or group...

  18. 16 CFR 500.3 - Prohibited acts, coverage, general labeling requirements, exemption procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... the Act, shall bear a label specifying the identity of the commodity; the name and place of business... initiative or pursuant to petition filed with the Secretary by any interested person or group...

  19. 21 CFR 21.70 - Disclosure and intra-agency use of records in Privacy Act Record Systems; no accounting required.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... Privacy Act Record Systems; no accounting required. 21.70 Section 21.70 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG... Privacy Act Record Systems to Persons Other Than the Subject Individual § 21.70 Disclosure and intra-agency use of records in Privacy Act Record Systems; no accounting required. (a) A record about...

  20. 77 FR 33635 - Amendment to the Bank Secrecy Act Regulations-Requirement That Clerks of Court Report Certain...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-07

    ...\\ 66 FR 67680 (December 31, 2001), codified at 31 CFR 1010.330. \\7\\ 26 CFR 1.6050I-1. As amended... Financial Crimes Enforcement Network 31 CFR Part 1010 RIN 1506-AB17 Amendment to the Bank Secrecy Act Regulations--Requirement That Clerks of Court Report Certain Currency Transactions AGENCY: Financial...

  1. Free Appropriate Public Education for Students with Disabilities: Requirements under Section 504 of the "Rehabilitation Act of 1973." Revised

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    US Department of Education, 2007

    2007-01-01

    Section 504 of the "Rehabilitation Act of 1973" protects the rights of individuals with disabilities in programs and activities that receive federal funds. The Section 504 regulation requires a school district to provide a "free appropriate public education" (FAPE) to each qualified person with a disability who is in the school district's…

  2. 48 CFR 52.225-12 - Notice of Buy American Act Requirement-Construction Materials Under Trade Agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Requirement-Construction Materials Under Trade Agreements. 52.225-12 Section 52.225-12 Federal Acquisition...—Construction Materials Under Trade Agreements. As prescribed in 25.1102(d)(1), insert the following provision: Notice of Buy American Act Requirement—Construction Materials Under Trade Agreements (FEB 2009)...

  3. 48 CFR 52.225-12 - Notice of Buy American Act Requirement-Construction Materials Under Trade Agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... Requirement-Construction Materials Under Trade Agreements. 52.225-12 Section 52.225-12 Federal Acquisition...—Construction Materials Under Trade Agreements. As prescribed in 25.1102(d)(1), insert the following provision: Notice of Buy American Act Requirement—Construction Materials Under Trade Agreements (FEB 2009)...

  4. 48 CFR 52.225-12 - Notice of Buy American Act Requirement-Construction Materials Under Trade Agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... Requirement-Construction Materials Under Trade Agreements. 52.225-12 Section 52.225-12 Federal Acquisition...—Construction Materials Under Trade Agreements. As prescribed in 25.1102(d)(1), insert the following provision: Notice of Buy American Act Requirement—Construction Materials Under Trade Agreements (FEB 2009)...

  5. 48 CFR 52.225-12 - Notice of Buy American Act Requirement-Construction Materials Under Trade Agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... Requirement-Construction Materials Under Trade Agreements. 52.225-12 Section 52.225-12 Federal Acquisition...—Construction Materials Under Trade Agreements. As prescribed in 25.1102(d)(1), insert the following provision: Notice of Buy American Act Requirement—Construction Materials Under Trade Agreements (FEB 2009)...

  6. 2 CFR 176.190 - Award term-Wage rate requirements under Section 1606 of the Recovery Act.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 2 Grants and Agreements 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Award term-Wage rate requirements under Section 1606 of the Recovery Act. 176.190 Section 176.190 Grants and Agreements Office of Management and Budget Guidance for Grants and Agreements OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT AND BUDGET GOVERNMENTWIDE GUIDANCE FOR GRANTS AND AGREEMENTS Reserved AWARD TERMS...

  7. Implementation of the Methamphetamine Anti-Proliferation Act; thresholds for retailers and for distributors required to submit mail order reports; changes to mail order reporting requirements. Final rule.

    PubMed

    2003-10-01

    This regulation implements the new threshold requirements and mail order reporting requirements of the Methamphetamine Anti-Proliferation Act of 2000 (MAPA), which was enacted on October 17, 2000. DEA is amending its regulations to reduce the thresholds for pseudoephedrine and phenylpropanolamine for retail distributors and for distributors required to submit mail order reports. Also, DEA is amending its regulations to require mail order reports for certain export transactions. DEA is codifying exemptions from the mail order reporting requirements for certain distributions to nonregulated persons and certain export transactions. This rule is consistent with the intent of MAPA to prevent the diversion of drug products to the clandestine manufacture of methamphetamine and amphetamine, and simultaneously reduce the industry reporting burden. PMID:14535265

  8. Flexible Response: Executive Federalism and the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shelly, Bryan

    2012-01-01

    The federal government promised that it would limit waiver grants to states for the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB). It largely kept that promise, but states did gain significant flexibility through amendments to accountability plans. OLS model estimates showed that larger, more affluent, and more Republican states submitted more amendment…

  9. High-Stakes Testing and Student Achievement: Problems for the No Child Left Behind Act

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nichols, Sharon L.; Glass, Gene V.; Berliner, David C.

    2005-01-01

    Under the federal No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB), standardized test scores are the indicator used to hold schools and school districts accountable for student achievement. Each state is responsible for constructing an accountability system, attaching consequences--or stakes--for student performance. The theory of action implied by this…

  10. The Cost of Implementing the Federal No Child Left Behind Act: Different Assumptions, Different Answers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mathis, William J.

    2005-01-01

    In the debate about whether the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) is "fully funded," 6 different definitions are used. The purpose of this article is to explore the implications of using each of these very different definitions. The 1st definition is that the law is fully funded because of large percentage increases in the federal appropriation.…

  11. The No Child Left Behind Act and English Language Learners: Assessment and Accountability Issues

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abedi, Jamal

    2004-01-01

    There are major issues involved with the disaggregated No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act in terms of its adequate yearly progress reporting for students with limited English proficiency (LEP). Inconsistent LEP classification, as well as the sparse population of LEP students in many states, threatens the validity of adequate yearly progress…

  12. Child Labor Requirements in Agriculture under the Fair Labor Standards Act. Child Labor Bulletin No. 102.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Employment Standards Administration (DOL), Washington, DC. Wage and Hour Div.

    This booklet is a guide to the provisions of the Fair Labor Standards Act (also known as the Wage-Hour Law) which apply to minors employed in agriculture. The content is as follows: coverage of the child labor provisions regarding agricultural employment, minimum age standards for employment in agriculture, school hours and employment in…

  13. 77 FR 28790 - Medical Loss Ratio Requirements Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-16

    ... Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (75 FR 34538) published on June 17, 2010, it was estimated that... on May 5, 2010 (75 FR 24470) relating to the Federal health care reform insurance Web Portal... Federal Register on April 14, 2010 (75 FR 19297). On December 1, 2010, the Department of Health and...

  14. 17 CFR 23.440 - Requirements for swap dealers acting as advisors to Special Entities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... the swap dealer recommends a swap or trading strategy involving a swap that is tailored to the particular needs or characteristics of the Special Entity. (b) Safe harbors. A swap dealer will not “act as... evaluated by a fiduciary before the transaction occurs; or (B) That any recommendation the Special...

  15. 78 FR 6056 - Designation of Payor as Agent To Perform Acts Required of an Employer

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-29

    ... Federal Unemployment Tax Act (FUTA) taxes under section 3301. Instead of FICA taxes, railroad employers... employer pays that are subject to FUTA tax are reported annually on Form 940, Employer's Annual Federal Unemployment Tax (FUTA) Return. Employers that pay compensation subject to the RRTA file Form CT-1,...

  16. 7 CFR 3575.40 - Equal opportunity and Fair Housing Act requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Marketing Plan and compliance with the Housing and Urban Development accessibility guidelines except for... Federal Reserve Board Regulation, 12 CFR part 202.) (b) Fair Housing Act. Certain housing-related projects... seq.). The lender will determine that the borrower has a valid plan in effect at all times....

  17. 76 FR 76573 - Medical Loss Ratio Requirements Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-07

    ... group markets. DATES: Effective date. This rule is effective on January 3, 2012. Comment date. We will... individual markets. A request for information relating to the medical loss ratio (MLR) provisions of PHS Act section 2718 was published in the Federal Register on April 14, 2010 (75 FR 19297). On December 1,...

  18. Utah Legislators Delay Action on NCLB Bill: Meetings between State, Federal Officials Precede Postponement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davis, Michelle R.

    2005-01-01

    A nationally watched showdown between the U.S. Department of Education and Utah state officials over the requirements of the No Child Left Behind Act came down to a cliffhanger in the last days of the legislative session when a final vote on a bill that calls for state education laws to take priority over the federal law was postponed. The feud…

  19. 40 CFR 62.14480 - Does this subpart require me to obtain an operating permit under title V of the Clean Air Act and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... an operating permit under title V of the Clean Air Act and implementing regulations? 62.14480 Section... the Clean Air Act and implementing regulations? This subpart requires you to obtain an operating permit under title V of the Clean Air Act and implementing regulations (“title V permit”) unless you...

  20. 40 CFR 62.14480 - Does this subpart require me to obtain an operating permit under title V of the Clean Air Act and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... an operating permit under title V of the Clean Air Act and implementing regulations? 62.14480 Section... the Clean Air Act and implementing regulations? This subpart requires you to obtain an operating permit under title V of the Clean Air Act and implementing regulations (“title V permit”) unless you...

  1. 36 CFR 801.6 - Coordination with requirements under the National Environmental Policy Act (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... underway and the final EIS should reflect the results of this process. Applicants are directed to 36 CFR... requirements under the National Environmental Policy Act (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.). 801.6 Section 801.6 Parks... National Environmental Policy Act (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.). The National Historic Preservation Act and...

  2. 36 CFR 801.6 - Coordination with requirements under the National Environmental Policy Act (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... underway and the final EIS should reflect the results of this process. Applicants are directed to 36 CFR... requirements under the National Environmental Policy Act (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.). 801.6 Section 801.6 Parks... National Environmental Policy Act (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.). The National Historic Preservation Act and...

  3. 36 CFR 801.6 - Coordination with requirements under the National Environmental Policy Act (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... underway and the final EIS should reflect the results of this process. Applicants are directed to 36 CFR... requirements under the National Environmental Policy Act (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.). 801.6 Section 801.6 Parks... National Environmental Policy Act (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.). The National Historic Preservation Act and...

  4. 36 CFR 801.6 - Coordination with requirements under the National Environmental Policy Act (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... underway and the final EIS should reflect the results of this process. Applicants are directed to 36 CFR... requirements under the National Environmental Policy Act (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.). 801.6 Section 801.6 Parks... National Environmental Policy Act (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.). The National Historic Preservation Act and...

  5. 41 CFR 301-10.137 - What exceptions to the Fly America Act requirements apply when I travel solely outside the United...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 4 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false What exceptions to the Fly America Act requirements apply when I travel solely outside the United States, and a U.S. flag air... Air Carriers § 301-10.137 What exceptions to the Fly America Act requirements apply when I...

  6. 41 CFR 301-10.137 - What exceptions to the Fly America Act requirements apply when I travel solely outside the United...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What exceptions to the Fly America Act requirements apply when I travel solely outside the United States, and a U.S. flag air... Air Carriers § 301-10.137 What exceptions to the Fly America Act requirements apply when I...

  7. 48 CFR 52.225-24 - Notice of Required Use of American Iron, Steel, and Manufactured Goods-Buy American Act...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... American Iron, Steel, and Manufactured Goods-Buy American Act-Construction Materials Under Trade Agreements....225-24 Notice of Required Use of American Iron, Steel, and Manufactured Goods—Buy American Act...: Notice of Required Use of American Iron, Steel, and Manufactured Goods—Buy American...

  8. 48 CFR 52.225-24 - Notice of Required Use of American Iron, Steel, and Manufactured Goods-Buy American Act...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... American Iron, Steel, and Manufactured Goods-Buy American Act-Construction Materials Under Trade Agreements....225-24 Notice of Required Use of American Iron, Steel, and Manufactured Goods—Buy American Act...: Notice of Required Use of American Iron, Steel, and Manufactured Goods—Buy American...

  9. 40 CFR 62.15395 - Does this subpart require me to obtain an operating permit under title V of the Clean Air Act?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 9 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Does this subpart require me to obtain an operating permit under title V of the Clean Air Act? 62.15395 Section 62.15395 Protection of... require me to obtain an operating permit under title V of the Clean Air Act? Yes. If you are subject...

  10. 40 CFR 62.15395 - Does this subpart require me to obtain an operating permit under title V of the Clean Air Act?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 9 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Does this subpart require me to obtain an operating permit under title V of the Clean Air Act? 62.15395 Section 62.15395 Protection of... require me to obtain an operating permit under title V of the Clean Air Act? Yes. If you are subject...

  11. 40 CFR 62.15395 - Does this subpart require me to obtain an operating permit under title V of the Clean Air Act?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 9 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Does this subpart require me to obtain an operating permit under title V of the Clean Air Act? 62.15395 Section 62.15395 Protection of... require me to obtain an operating permit under title V of the Clean Air Act? Yes. If you are subject...

  12. 40 CFR 62.15395 - Does this subpart require me to obtain an operating permit under title V of the Clean Air Act?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 8 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Does this subpart require me to obtain an operating permit under title V of the Clean Air Act? 62.15395 Section 62.15395 Protection of... require me to obtain an operating permit under title V of the Clean Air Act? Yes. If you are subject...

  13. 41 CFR 301-10.137 - What exceptions to the Fly America Act requirements apply when I travel solely outside the United...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 4 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false What exceptions to the Fly America Act requirements apply when I travel solely outside the United States, and a U.S. flag air... Air Carriers § 301-10.137 What exceptions to the Fly America Act requirements apply when I...

  14. 48 CFR 52.225-24 - Notice of Required Use of American Iron, Steel, and Manufactured Goods-Buy American Act...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... American Iron, Steel, and Manufactured Goods-Buy American Act-Construction Materials Under Trade Agreements....225-24 Notice of Required Use of American Iron, Steel, and Manufactured Goods—Buy American Act...: Notice of Required Use of American Iron, Steel, and Manufactured Goods—Buy American...

  15. 48 CFR 52.225-24 - Notice of Required Use of American Iron, Steel, and Manufactured Goods-Buy American Act...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... American Iron, Steel, and Manufactured Goods-Buy American Act-Construction Materials Under Trade Agreements....225-24 Notice of Required Use of American Iron, Steel, and Manufactured Goods—Buy American Act...: Notice of Required Use of American Iron, Steel, and Manufactured Goods—Buy American...

  16. 40 CFR 62.15395 - Does this subpart require me to obtain an operating permit under title V of the Clean Air Act?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 8 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Does this subpart require me to obtain an operating permit under title V of the Clean Air Act? 62.15395 Section 62.15395 Protection of... require me to obtain an operating permit under title V of the Clean Air Act? Yes. If you are subject...

  17. 25 CFR 30.102 - Does the Act require the Secretary of the Interior to develop a definition of AYP for Bureau...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... develop a definition of AYP for Bureau-funded schools? 30.102 Section 30.102 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN... § 30.102 Does the Act require the Secretary of the Interior to develop a definition of AYP for Bureau-funded schools? Yes, the Act requires the Secretary to develop a definition of AYP through...

  18. 48 CFR 52.204-11 - American Recovery and Reinvestment Act-Reporting Requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Text of Provisions and Clauses 52.204-11 American Recovery and Reinvestment Act—Reporting Requirements... Contractor's existing practice for describing jobs as long as the terms used are widely understood and... terms used are widely understood and describe the general nature of the work; and (B) An estimate of...

  19. 76 FR 22095 - Clean Air Act: Opportunity To Comment, Activities Required by Federal Facilities Compliance...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-20

    ... companion Consent Agreement and Final Order (CAFO), Docket No. CAA-04-2010-1528(b), that TVA failed to... perform substantially the same relief as required by the Compliance Agreement. Neither the CAFO nor the... emissions of various air pollutants from units at the plants identified above. The CAFO assesses a...

  20. 48 CFR 952.226-72 - Energy Policy Act subcontracting goals and reporting requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...) An institution of higher education that meets the requirements of 34 CFR 600.4(a), and has a student... of Education pursuant to 34 CFR 608.2; and (3) Small business concerns, as defined under section 3 of... Americans, i.e., American Indians, Eskimos, Aleuts, and Native Hawaiians, or any combination thereof;...

  1. 48 CFR 952.226-72 - Energy Policy Act subcontracting goals and reporting requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...) An institution of higher education that meets the requirements of 34 CFR 600.4(a), and has a student... of Education pursuant to 34 CFR 608.2; and (3) Small business concerns, as defined under section 3 of... Americans, i.e., American Indians, Eskimos, Aleuts, and Native Hawaiians, or any combination thereof;...

  2. 48 CFR 952.226-72 - Energy Policy Act subcontracting goals and reporting requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...) An institution of higher education that meets the requirements of 34 CFR 600.4(a), and has a student... of Education pursuant to 34 CFR 608.2; and (3) Small business concerns, as defined under section 3 of... Americans, i.e., American Indians, Eskimos, Aleuts, and Native Hawaiians, or any combination thereof;...

  3. 48 CFR 952.226-72 - Energy Policy Act subcontracting goals and reporting requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...) An institution of higher education that meets the requirements of 34 CFR 600.4(a), and has a student... of Education pursuant to 34 CFR 608.2; and (3) Small business concerns, as defined under section 3 of... Americans, i.e., American Indians, Eskimos, Aleuts, and Native Hawaiians, or any combination thereof;...

  4. Nurse Supply, Distribution and Requirements. 3rd Report to the Congress. Nurse Training Act of 1975.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Health Resources Administration (DHHS/PHS), Hyattsville, MD. Div. of Nursing.

    This report focuses on the supply, distribution of, and requirements for nursing. The first chapter describes the supply of registered and licensed practical nurses. Characteristics of the overall nursing supply are discussed in terms of marital status, age, and employment patterns. Data are also provided on nurses newly licensed to practice,…

  5. 48 CFR 952.226-72 - Energy Policy Act subcontracting goals and reporting requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...) An institution of higher education that meets the requirements of 34 CFR 600.4(a), and has a student... of Education pursuant to 34 CFR 608.2; and (3) Small business concerns, as defined under section 3 of... Mexico, Puerto Rico, Cuba, or Central or South America, or any combination thereof, or (ii)...

  6. A novel cis-acting element required for DNA damage-inducible expression of yeast DIN7

    SciTech Connect

    Yoshitani, Ayako; Yoshida, Minoru; Ling Feng

    2008-01-04

    Din7 is a DNA damage-inducible mitochondrial nuclease that modulates the stability of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. How DIN7 gene expression is regulated, however, has remained largely unclear. Using promoter sequence alignment, we found a highly conserved 19-bp sequence in the promoter regions of DIN7 and NTG1, which encodes an oxidative stress-inducible base-excision-repair enzyme. Deletion of the 19-bp sequence markedly reduced the hydroxyurea (HU)-enhanced DIN7 promoter activity. In addition, nuclear fractions prepared from HU-treated cells were used in in vitro band shift assays to reveal the presence of currently unidentified trans-acting factor(s) that preferentially bound to the 19-bp region. These results suggest that the 19-bp sequence is a novel cis-acting element that is required for the regulation of DIN7 expression in response to HU-induced DNA damage.

  7. The No Child Left Behind Act and the Teacher Shortage. Policy Briefs: Education Reform. Volume 2, Number 7

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Malone, David M.

    2002-01-01

    Spurred on by regulations outlined in the No Child Left Behind Education Act of 2001 (NCLB), educators and policy makers are gearing up to solve the problem of producing enough highly qualified teachers to meet the country's rapidly growing demand. According to the U.S. Department of Education, rising enrollments and increasing teacher retirements…

  8. High-Stakes Testing and Student Achievement: Problems for the No Child Left Behind Act. Executive Summary

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nichols, Sharon L.; Glass, Gene V.; Berliner, David C.

    2005-01-01

    Under the federal No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB), standardized test scores are the indicator used to hold schools and school districts accountable for student achievement. Each state is responsible for constructing an accountability system, attaching consequences--or stakes--for student performance. The theory of action implied by this…

  9. Impacts & Compliance Implementation Plans & Required Deviations for Toxic Substance Control Act (TSCA) Regulation of Double Shell Tanks (DST)

    SciTech Connect

    MULKEY, C.H.

    2000-08-22

    In May 2000, the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of River Protection (DOE-ORP) and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) held meetings regarding the management of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in the Hanford tank waste. It was decided that the radioactive waste currently stored in the double-shell tanks (DSTs) contain waste which will become subject to the Toxic Substance Control Act (TSCA) (40 CFR 761). As a result, DOE-ORP directed the River Protection Project tank farm contractor (TFC) to prepare plans for managing the PCB inventory in the DSTs. Two components of the PCB management plans are this assessment of the operational impacts of TSCA regulation and the identifications of deviations from TSCA that are required to accommodate tank farm unique limitations. This plan provides ORP and CH2M HILL Hanford Group, Inc. (CHG) with an outline of TSCA PCB requirements and their applicability to tank farm activities, and recommends a compliance/implementation approach. Where strict compliance is not possible, the need for deviations from TSCA PCB requirements is identified. The purpose of assembling this information is to enhance the understanding of PCB management requirements, identify operational impacts and select impact mitigation strategies. This information should be useful in developing formal agreements with EPA where required.

  10. Interactions between late acting proteins required for peptidoglycan synthesis during sporulation

    PubMed Central

    Fay, Allison; Meyer, Pablo; Dworkin, Jonathan

    2010-01-01

    The requirement of peptidoglycan synthesis for growth complicates the analysis of interactions between proteins involved in this pathway. In particular, the later steps that involve membrane-linked substrates have proven largely recalcitrant to in vivo analysis. Here we have taken advantage of the peptidoglycan synthesis that occurs during sporulation in Bacillus subtilis to examine the interactions between SpoVE, a non-essential, sporulation-specific homolog of the well-conserved and essential SEDS proteins, and SpoVD, a non-essential class B penicillin binding protein (PBP). We found that localization of SpoVD is dependent on SpoVE and that SpoVD protects SpoVE from in vivo proteolysis. Co-immunoprecipitations and Fluorescence Resonance Energy Transfer experiments indicated that SpoVE and SpoVD interact and co-affinity purification in E. coli demonstrated that this interaction is direct. Finally, we generated a functional protein consisting of a SpoVE-SpoVD fusion and found that a loss-of-function point mutation in either part of the fusion resulted in a loss of function of the entire fusion that was not complemented by a wild type protein. Thus, SpoVE has a direct and functional interaction with SpoVD and this conclusion will facilitate understanding the essential function SpoVE and related SEDS proteins such as FtsW and RodA play in bacterial growth and division. PMID:20417640

  11. Examination of the Data Requirements of the Workforce Investment Act and the Perkins Act of 1998. Report of the National Postsecondary Education Cooperative Working Group on Workforce Development.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brustein, Michael

    This paper focuses on the data ramification of the Workforce Investment Act (WIA) and the Carl D. Perkins Vocational and Technical Education Act of 1998. Section 1 provides an outline of the role of these postsecondary institutions under WIA: members of the State and local boards; one-stop operators; one-stop partners; and eligible service…

  12. Delineation of Cis-Acting Sequences Required for Expression of Drosophila Mojavensis Adh-1

    PubMed Central

    Bayer, C. A.; Curtiss, S. W.; Weaver, J. A.; Sullivan, D. T.

    1992-01-01

    The control of expression of the Adh-1 gene of Drosophila mojavensis has been analyzed by transforming ADH null Drosophila melanogaster hosts with P element constructs which contain D. mojavensis Adh-1 having deletions of different extent in the 5' and 3' ends. Adh-1 expression in the D. melanogaster hosts is qualitatively similar to expression in D. mojavensis, although expression is quantitatively lower in transformants. Deletions of the 5' end indicate that information required for normal temporal and tissue expression in larvae is contained within 70 bp of the transcription start site. However, deletion constructs to -70 are deficient in ovarian nurse cell expression, whereas the additional upstream sequences present in constructs containing deletions to -257 do support expression in the ovary. Comparison of the nucleotide sequence in the -257 to -70 region of Adh-1 of four species: D. mojavensis and Drosophila arizona, which express Adh-1 in the ovary, and Drosophila mulleri and Drosophila navojoa, which do not, has led to the identification of regions of sequence similarity that correlate with ovary expression. One of these bears a striking similarity to a conserved sequence located upstream of the three heat shock genes that have constitutive ovarian expression and may be an ovarian control element. We have identified an aberrant aspect of Adh-1 expression. In transformants which carry an Adh-1 gene without a functional upstream Adh-2 gene Adh-1 expression continues into the adult stage instead of ceasing at the onset of metamorphosis. In transformants with a functional Adh-2 gene, Adh-1 expression ceases in the third larval instar stage and aberrant expression in the adult stage does not occur. PMID:1317314

  13. Ninety-day waiting period limitation and technical amendments to certain health coverage requirements under the Affordable Care Act. Final rule.

    PubMed

    2014-02-24

    These final regulations implement the 90-day waiting period limitation under section 2708 of the Public Health Service Act, as added by the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (Affordable Care Act), as amended, and incorporated into the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 and the Internal Revenue Code. These regulations also finalize amendments to existing regulations to conform to Affordable Care Act provisions. Specifically, these rules amend regulations implementing existing provisions such as some of the portability provisions added by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA) because those provisions of the HIPAA regulations have become superseded or require amendment as a result of the market reform protections added by the Affordable Care Act.

  14. 45 CFR 73.735-902 - Reporting requirements for certain employees not covered by the Ethics in Government Act of 1978.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... covered by the Ethics in Government Act of 1978. 73.735-902 Section 73.735-902 Public Welfare Department... Interests § 73.735-902 Reporting requirements for certain employees not covered by the Ethics in Government... Ethics in Government Act except: (i) Doctors, dentists and allied medical specialists performing...

  15. 45 CFR 73.735-902 - Reporting requirements for certain employees not covered by the Ethics in Government Act of 1978.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... covered by the Ethics in Government Act of 1978. 73.735-902 Section 73.735-902 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT... Interests § 73.735-902 Reporting requirements for certain employees not covered by the Ethics in Government... Ethics in Government Act except: (i) Doctors, dentists and allied medical specialists performing...

  16. 45 CFR 73.735-902 - Reporting requirements for certain employees not covered by the Ethics in Government Act of 1978.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... covered by the Ethics in Government Act of 1978. 73.735-902 Section 73.735-902 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT... Interests § 73.735-902 Reporting requirements for certain employees not covered by the Ethics in Government... Ethics in Government Act except: (i) Doctors, dentists and allied medical specialists performing...

  17. 24 CFR 1000.42 - Are the requirements of section 3 of the Housing and Urban Development Act of 1968 applicable?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... Development Act of 1968 (12 U.S.C. 1701u) and HUD's implementing regulations in 24 CFR part 135, to the... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Are the requirements of section 3 of the Housing and Urban Development Act of 1968 applicable? 1000.42 Section 1000.42 Housing...

  18. 24 CFR 1000.42 - Are the requirements of section 3 of the Housing and Urban Development Act of 1968 applicable?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... Development Act of 1968 (12 U.S.C. 1701u) and HUD's implementing regulations in 24 CFR part 135, to the... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Are the requirements of section 3 of the Housing and Urban Development Act of 1968 applicable? 1000.42 Section 1000.42 Housing...

  19. The Education Requirement of the U.S. Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986: A Case Study of Ineffective Language Planning.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Huss, Susan

    An analysis of the Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986 (IRCA), which requires basic English language proficiency and knowledge of United States history and civics of illegal aliens seeking permanent residency status, suggests that the Act is an example of poor language planning. The analysis has three components. First, the legalization…

  20. 45 CFR 73.735-902 - Reporting requirements for certain employees not covered by the Ethics in Government Act of 1978.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... covered by the Ethics in Government Act of 1978. 73.735-902 Section 73.735-902 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT... Interests § 73.735-902 Reporting requirements for certain employees not covered by the Ethics in Government Act of 1978. (a) Applicability. The following employees and special Government employees shall...

  1. 21 CFR 21.70 - Disclosure and intra-agency use of records in Privacy Act Record Systems; no accounting required.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Disclosure and intra-agency use of records in Privacy Act Record Systems; no accounting required. 21.70 Section 21.70 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG... Privacy Act Record Systems to Persons Other Than the Subject Individual § 21.70 Disclosure and...

  2. 21 CFR 21.70 - Disclosure and intra-agency use of records in Privacy Act Record Systems; no accounting required.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Disclosure and intra-agency use of records in Privacy Act Record Systems; no accounting required. 21.70 Section 21.70 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG... Privacy Act Record Systems to Persons Other Than the Subject Individual § 21.70 Disclosure and...

  3. Revised State Plan for Meeting the Highly Qualified Teacher Goal: Requirements One through Five

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Delaware Department of Education, 2006

    2006-01-01

    The document identifies changes to the Delaware state plan for meeting Highly Qualified Teacher (HQT) goals as set forth by the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act, including: (1) Analysis of the core academic subjects currently not being taught by highly qualified teachers, particularly addressing schools and districts not making adequate yearly…

  4. The Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990: Hazardous Air Pollutant Requirements and the DOE Clean Coal Technology Program

    SciTech Connect

    Moskowitz, P.D.; DePhillips, M.; Fthenakis, V.M.; Hemenway, A.

    1991-12-31

    The purpose of the US Department of Energy -- Office of Fossil Energy (DOE FE) Clean Coal Technology Program (CCTP) is to provide the US energy marketplace with advanced, efficient, and environmentally sound coal-based technologies. The design, construction, and operation of Clean Coal Technology Demonstration Projects (CCTDP) will generate data needed to make informed, confident decisions on the commercial readiness of these technologies. These data also will provide information needed to ensure a proactive response by DOE and its industrial partners to the establishment of new regulations or a reactive response to existing regulations promulgated by the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). The objectives of this paper are to: (1) Present a preliminary examination of the potential implications of the Clean Air Act Amendments (CAAA) -- Title 3 Hazardous Air Pollutant requirements to the commercialization of CCTDP; and (2) help define options available to DOE and its industrial partners to respond to this newly enacted Legislation.

  5. The Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990: Hazardous Air Pollutant Requirements and the DOE Clean Coal Technology Program

    SciTech Connect

    Moskowitz, P.D.; DePhillips, M.; Fthenakis, V.M. ); Hemenway, A. )

    1991-01-01

    The purpose of the US Department of Energy -- Office of Fossil Energy (DOE FE) Clean Coal Technology Program (CCTP) is to provide the US energy marketplace with advanced, efficient, and environmentally sound coal-based technologies. The design, construction, and operation of Clean Coal Technology Demonstration Projects (CCTDP) will generate data needed to make informed, confident decisions on the commercial readiness of these technologies. These data also will provide information needed to ensure a proactive response by DOE and its industrial partners to the establishment of new regulations or a reactive response to existing regulations promulgated by the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). The objectives of this paper are to: (1) Present a preliminary examination of the potential implications of the Clean Air Act Amendments (CAAA) -- Title 3 Hazardous Air Pollutant requirements to the commercialization of CCTDP; and (2) help define options available to DOE and its industrial partners to respond to this newly enacted Legislation.

  6. Translating Science to Policy under the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001: Lessons from the National Evaluation of the 21st-Century Community Learning Centers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mahoney, Joseph L.; Zigler, Edward F.

    2006-01-01

    Passage of the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act of 2001 ushered in a new era of accountability for educational institutions and social programs in the United States. Federal funding became tied to demonstrated results on the basis of scientifically based research. In this paper we recount the science-to-policy translation process for one of the…

  7. Open to the Public: How Communities, Parents, and Students Assess the Impact of the "No Child Left Behind Act," 2004-2007--"The Realities Left Behind"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stanik, Mary, Ed.

    2007-01-01

    Accountability for educating all children to their full potential is essential, but this particular goal of the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act cannot be achieved unless policymakers address fundamental issues of resources, capacities and will within the public education system. Over a three-year period, the Public Education Network (PEN), in…

  8. Putting English Language Learners on the Educational Map: The No Child Left Behind Act Implemented. Education in Focus: Urban Institute Policy Brief

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    de Cohen, Clemencia Cosentino; Clewell, Beatriz Chu

    2007-01-01

    To expand knowledge about young immigrant populations and to document how the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) affects the education of English language learner (ELL) and limited English proficient (LEP) students, the Urban Institute was funded by the Foundation for Child Development to undertake a series of reports. This policy brief draws on this…

  9. 49 CFR Appendix A to Part 228 - Requirements of the Hours of Service Act: Statement of Agency Policy and Interpretation

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... event than an “unavoidable accident or Act of God” under section 5(d) of the Act. Example: The crew of a... wreck crew re-rails or clears the last car and the maintenance of way department releases the track to... of his duties as a trainman. Casualties, Unavoidable Accidents, Acts of God. Section 5(d) of the...

  10. 40 CFR 62.14480 - Does this subpart require me to obtain an operating permit under title V of the Clean Air Act and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Permitting Obligation § 62.14480 Does this subpart require me to obtain an operating permit under title V of... 40 Protection of Environment 9 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Does this subpart require me to obtain an operating permit under title V of the Clean Air Act and implementing regulations? 62.14480...

  11. 40 CFR 62.14480 - Does this subpart require me to obtain an operating permit under title V of the Clean Air Act and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Permitting Obligation § 62.14480 Does this subpart require me to obtain an operating permit under title V of... 40 Protection of Environment 9 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Does this subpart require me to obtain an operating permit under title V of the Clean Air Act and implementing regulations? 62.14480...

  12. 40 CFR 62.14480 - Does this subpart require me to obtain an operating permit under title V of the Clean Air Act and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Permitting Obligation § 62.14480 Does this subpart require me to obtain an operating permit under title V of... 40 Protection of Environment 9 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Does this subpart require me to obtain an operating permit under title V of the Clean Air Act and implementing regulations? 62.14480...

  13. 48 CFR 52.225-22 - Notice of Required Use of American Iron, Steel, and Manufactured Goods-Buy American Act...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... American Iron, Steel, and Manufactured Goods-Buy American Act-Construction Materials. 52.225-22 Section 52... Required Use of American Iron, Steel, and Manufactured Goods—Buy American Act—Construction Materials. As prescribed in 25.1102(e), insert the following provision: Notice of Required Use of American Iron, Steel,...

  14. 48 CFR 52.225-22 - Notice of Required Use of American Iron, Steel, and Manufactured Goods-Buy American Act...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... American Iron, Steel, and Manufactured Goods-Buy American Act-Construction Materials. 52.225-22 Section 52... Required Use of American Iron, Steel, and Manufactured Goods—Buy American Act—Construction Materials. As prescribed in 25.1102(e), insert the following provision: Notice of Required Use of American Iron, Steel,...

  15. 41 CFR 301-10.137 - What exceptions to the Fly America Act requirements apply when I travel solely outside the United...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... or more; or (b) Extend your travel time by 6 hours or more; or (c) Require a connecting time of 4... Fly America Act requirements apply when I travel solely outside the United States, and a U.S. flag air... Contracts and Property Management Federal Travel Regulation System TEMPORARY DUTY (TDY) TRAVEL...

  16. 41 CFR 301-10.136 - What exceptions to the Fly America Act requirements apply when I travel between the United States...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... destination, you must use the U.S. flag air carrier service unless such use would extend your travel time... the U.S. by 2 or more; or (2) Extend your travel time by at least 6 hours or more; or (3) Require a... Fly America Act requirements apply when I travel between the United States and another country?...

  17. 40 CFR 62.14830 - Does this subpart require me to obtain an operating permit under title V of the Clean Air Act?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... operating permit unless you meet the relevant requirements specified in 40 CFR 62.14525(a) through (h) and (j) through (o) and all of the requirements specified in 40 CFR 62.14531. ... an operating permit under title V of the Clean Air Act? 62.14830 Section 62.14830 Protection...

  18. 40 CFR 62.14830 - Does this subpart require me to obtain an operating permit under title V of the Clean Air Act?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... operating permit unless you meet the relevant requirements specified in 40 CFR 62.14525(a) through (h) and (j) through (o) and all of the requirements specified in 40 CFR 62.14531. ... an operating permit under title V of the Clean Air Act? 62.14830 Section 62.14830 Protection...

  19. 40 CFR 62.14830 - Does this subpart require me to obtain an operating permit under title V of the Clean Air Act?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... operating permit unless you meet the relevant requirements specified in 40 CFR 62.14525(a) through (h) and (j) through (o) and all of the requirements specified in 40 CFR 62.14531. ... an operating permit under title V of the Clean Air Act? 62.14830 Section 62.14830 Protection...

  20. 40 CFR 62.14830 - Does this subpart require me to obtain an operating permit under title V of the Clean Air Act?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... operating permit unless you meet the relevant requirements specified in 40 CFR 62.14525(a) through (h) and (j) through (o) and all of the requirements specified in 40 CFR 62.14531. ... an operating permit under title V of the Clean Air Act? 62.14830 Section 62.14830 Protection...

  1. 48 CFR 52.225-22 - Notice of Required Use of American Iron, Steel, and Manufactured Goods-Buy American Act...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... American Iron, Steel, and Manufactured Goods-Buy American Act-Construction Materials. 52.225-22 Section 52... Required Use of American Iron, Steel, and Manufactured Goods—Buy American Act—Construction Materials. As prescribed in 25.1102(e), insert the following provision: Notice of Required Use of American Iron, Steel,...

  2. 48 CFR 52.225-22 - Notice of Required Use of American Iron, Steel, and Manufactured Goods-Buy American Act...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... American Iron, Steel, and Manufactured Goods-Buy American Act-Construction Materials. 52.225-22 Section 52... Required Use of American Iron, Steel, and Manufactured Goods—Buy American Act—Construction Materials. As prescribed in 25.1102(e), insert the following provision: Notice of Required Use of American Iron, Steel,...

  3. 40 CFR 62.14830 - Does this subpart require me to obtain an operating permit under title V of the Clean Air Act?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... operating permit unless you meet the relevant requirements specified in 40 CFR 62.14525(a) through (h) and (j) through (o) and all of the requirements specified in 40 CFR 62.14531. ... an operating permit under title V of the Clean Air Act? 62.14830 Section 62.14830 Protection...

  4. 41 CFR 301-10.136 - What exceptions to the Fly America Act requirements apply when I travel between the United States...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... destination, you must use the U.S. flag air carrier service unless such use would extend your travel time... the U.S. by 2 or more; or (2) Extend your travel time by at least 6 hours or more; or (3) Require a... Fly America Act requirements apply when I travel between the United States and another country?...

  5. 41 CFR 301-10.137 - What exceptions to the Fly America Act requirements apply when I travel solely outside the United...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... or more; or (b) Extend your travel time by 6 hours or more; or (c) Require a connecting time of 4... Fly America Act requirements apply when I travel solely outside the United States, and a U.S. flag air... Contracts and Property Management Federal Travel Regulation System TEMPORARY DUTY (TDY) TRAVEL...

  6. Corrective Action in Low-Performing Schools: Lessons for NCLB Implementation from State and District Strategies in First-Generation Accountability Systems. CSE Report 657

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mintrop, Heinrich; Trujillo, Tina

    2005-01-01

    This paper explores what lessons can be learned from the experiences of states that instituted NCLB-like accountability systems prior to 2001 (here called first-generation accountability systems). It looks at the experiences of three smaller states (Kentucky, Maryland, North Carolina), four larger ones (California, Florida, New York, Texas), and…

  7. Corrective Action in Low-Performing Schools: Lessons for NCLB Implementation from State and District Strategies in First-Generation Accountability Systems. CSE Report 641

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mintrop, Heinrich; Trujillo, Tina

    2004-01-01

    This paper explores what lessons we can learn from the experiences of states that instituted NCLB-like accountability systems prior to 2001 (here called first-generation accountability systems). We looked at the experiences of three smaller states (Kentucky, Maryland, North Carolina), four larger ones (California, Florida, New York, Texas), and…

  8. A Case Study of Urban Public High School Students' Perspectives of Their School as "In Need of Improvement" under No Child Left Behind (NCLB)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Giple, Patrick Pepan, Sr.

    2013-01-01

    Since its implementation in 2002, NCLB, through its expectations and sanctions, has created a state of urgency among school leaders and instructional staff in most urban public high schools. While there is significant literature on urban school reform promoting the academic performance of urban high school students, the perspectives of…

  9. A Safety and Health Guide for Vocational Educators. Incorporating Requirements of the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970, Relevant Pennsylvania Requirements with Particular Emphasis for Those Concerned with Cooperative Education and Work Study Programs. Volume 15. Number 1.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wahl, Ray

    Intended as a guide for vocational educators to incorporate the requirements of the Occupational Safety and Health Act (1970) and the requirements of various Pennsylvania safety and health regulations with their cooperative vocational programs, the first chapter of this document presents the legal implications of these safety and health…

  10. Louisiana State Performance Plan--Part B. July 1, 2005-June 30, 2011. Under the Individuals with Disabilities Educational Improvement Act of 2004. Revised

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    White, John

    2012-01-01

    Louisiana developed a time frame for compiling the State Performance Plan with as much opportunity for broad stakeholder input as possible before the required submission date. Bearing in mind the requirements of No Child Left Behind (NCLB) legislation, Louisiana's Steering Committee projected performance targets through the year 2014 for the…

  11. DEVELOPMENT OF WATER SUPPLY TECHNOLOGY TO MEET THE REQUIREMENTS OF THE SAFE DRINKING WATER ACT OF 1996: TRENDS AND PROSPECTS.

    EPA Science Inventory

    The passage of the U.S. Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA) in 1974 has had a major impact on the way water is treated and delivered in the U.S. The Act established national drinking water regulations for more than 170,000 public drinking water systems serving over 250 million people ...

  12. Evaluation of a Structured Assessment Framework to Enable Adherence to the Requirements of Mental Capacity Act 2005

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ramasubramanian, Lakshmiprabha; Ranasinghe, Newton; Ellison, Joseph

    2011-01-01

    The Mental Capacity Act 2005 for England and Wales received Royal assent in April 2005 and came into force in 2007 (Department of Constitutional Affairs, 2007). The Mental Capacity Act 2005 provides a statutory framework to empower and protect vulnerable people who are not able to make their own decisions. The adherence to it is a statutory…

  13. 76 FR 26787 - Short Sale Reporting Study Required by Dodd-Frank Act Section 417(a)(2)

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-09

    ...(b)(8). \\4\\ See 17 CFR 242.200(a). \\5\\ See Exchange Act Release No. 50103 (July 28, 2004), 69 FR...., Exchange Act Release No. 58775 (Oct. 14, 2008), 73 FR 61690 (Oct. 17, 2008). \\13\\ In adopting Regulation.... 50103, 69 FR 48008, 48015 (Aug. 6, 2004) (citations omitted). Q3. The Commission requests comment on...

  14. 16 CFR 803.30 - Formal and informal interpretations of requirements under the Act and the rules.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... RULES, REGULATIONS, STATEMENTS AND INTERPRETATIONS UNDER THE HART-SCOTT-RODINO ANTITRUST IMPROVEMENTS... of the act are or may be applicable and (3) the question(s) that the applicant wishes resolved....

  15. 16 CFR 803.30 - Formal and informal interpretations of requirements under the Act and the rules.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... RULES, REGULATIONS, STATEMENTS AND INTERPRETATIONS UNDER THE HART-SCOTT-RODINO ANTITRUST IMPROVEMENTS... of the act are or may be applicable and (3) the question(s) that the applicant wishes resolved....

  16. 42 CFR 136.404 - What does the Indian Child Protection and Family Violence Prevention Act require of the IHS and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false What does the Indian Child Protection and Family Violence Prevention Act require of the IHS and Indian Tribes or Tribal organizations receiving funds under... Protection and Family Violence Prevention § 136.404 What does the Indian Child Protection and Family...

  17. 42 CFR 136.404 - What does the Indian Child Protection and Family Violence Prevention Act require of the IHS and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false What does the Indian Child Protection and Family Violence Prevention Act require of the IHS and Indian Tribes or Tribal organizations receiving funds under... Protection and Family Violence Prevention § 136.404 What does the Indian Child Protection and Family...

  18. 42 CFR 136.404 - What does the Indian Child Protection and Family Violence Prevention Act require of the IHS and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false What does the Indian Child Protection and Family Violence Prevention Act require of the IHS and Indian Tribes or Tribal organizations receiving funds under... Protection and Family Violence Prevention § 136.404 What does the Indian Child Protection and Family...

  19. 42 CFR 136.404 - What does the Indian Child Protection and Family Violence Prevention Act require of the IHS and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false What does the Indian Child Protection and Family Violence Prevention Act require of the IHS and Indian Tribes or Tribal organizations receiving funds under... Protection and Family Violence Prevention § 136.404 What does the Indian Child Protection and Family...

  20. 42 CFR 136.404 - What does the Indian Child Protection and Family Violence Prevention Act require of the IHS and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false What does the Indian Child Protection and Family Violence Prevention Act require of the IHS and Indian Tribes or Tribal organizations receiving funds under... Protection and Family Violence Prevention § 136.404 What does the Indian Child Protection and Family...

  1. 41 CFR 301-10.136 - What exceptions to the Fly America Act requirements apply when I travel between the United States...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 4 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false What exceptions to the Fly America Act requirements apply when I travel between the United States and another country? 301-10... Transportation Use of United States Flag Air Carriers § 301-10.136 What exceptions to the Fly America...

  2. 41 CFR 301-10.136 - What exceptions to the Fly America Act requirements apply when I travel between the United States...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What exceptions to the Fly America Act requirements apply when I travel between the United States and another country? 301-10... Transportation Use of United States Flag Air Carriers § 301-10.136 What exceptions to the Fly America...

  3. Standard Compliance: Guidelines to Help State and Alternative Fuel Provider Fleets Meet Their Energy Policy Act Requirements, 10 CFR Part 490 (Book)

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    2014-03-01

    This guidebook addresses the primary requirements of the Alternative Fuel Transportation Program to help state and alternative fuel provider fleets comply with the Energy Policy Act via the Standard Compliance option. It also addresses the topics that covered fleets ask about most frequently.

  4. Standard Compliance: Guidelines to Help State and Alternative Fuel Provider Fleets Meet Their Energy Policy Act Requirements, 10 CFR Part 490 (Book)

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    2012-04-01

    This guidebook addresses the primary requirements of the Alternative Fuel Transportation Program to help state and alternative fuel provider fleets comply with the Energy Policy Act via the Standard Compliance option. It also addresses the topics that covered fleets ask about most frequently.

  5. 48 CFR 52.225-21 - Required Use of American Iron, Steel, and Manufactured Goods-Buy American Act-Construction...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Iron, Steel, and Manufactured Goods-Buy American Act-Construction Materials. 52.225-21 Section 52.225... of American Iron, Steel, and Manufactured Goods—Buy American Act—Construction Materials. As prescribed in 25.1102(e), insert the following clause: Required Use of American Iron, Steel, and...

  6. 48 CFR 52.225-21 - Required Use of American Iron, Steel, and Manufactured Goods-Buy American Act-Construction...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... Iron, Steel, and Manufactured Goods-Buy American Act-Construction Materials. 52.225-21 Section 52.225... of American Iron, Steel, and Manufactured Goods—Buy American Act—Construction Materials. As prescribed in 25.1102(e), insert the following clause: Required Use of American Iron, Steel, and...

  7. 15 CFR 781.4 - U.S. Government requests for information needed to satisfy the requirements of the APR or the Act.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false U.S. Government requests for information needed to satisfy the requirements of the APR or the Act. 781.4 Section 781.4 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations Relating to Commerce and Foreign Trade (Continued) BUREAU OF INDUSTRY AND...

  8. 21 CFR 21.70 - Disclosure and intra-agency use of records in Privacy Act Record Systems; no accounting required.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... and local government employees for use only in their work with the Food and Drug Administration, and... 21 Food and Drugs 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Disclosure and intra-agency use of records in Privacy Act Record Systems; no accounting required. 21.70 Section 21.70 Food and Drugs FOOD AND...

  9. 21 CFR 21.70 - Disclosure and intra-agency use of records in Privacy Act Record Systems; no accounting required.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... and local government employees for use only in their work with the Food and Drug Administration, and... 21 Food and Drugs 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Disclosure and intra-agency use of records in Privacy Act Record Systems; no accounting required. 21.70 Section 21.70 Food and Drugs FOOD AND...

  10. 17 CFR 270.18f-1 - Exemption from certain requirements of section 18(f)(1) (of the Act) for registered open-end...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... requirements of section 18(f)(1) (of the Act) for registered open-end investment companies which have the right... which have the right to redeem in kind. (a) A registered open-end investment company which has the right... to pay in cash all requests for redemption by any shareholder of record, limited in amount...

  11. Primer for Maintaining Accurate Special Education Records and Meeting Confidentiality Requirements When Serving Children with Disabilities--Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Copenhaver, John

    This manual is intended to provide schools with guidance in complying with federal laws and regulations regarding record keeping and confidentiality in their services to students with disabilities. Part 1 focuses on requirements of the Family Education Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA), which ensures student/parent access to education records and…

  12. 41 CFR 301-10.136 - What exceptions to the Fly America Act requirements apply when I travel between the United States...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 4 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false What exceptions to the Fly America Act requirements apply when I travel between the United States and another country? 301-10... Transportation Use of United States Flag Air Carriers § 301-10.136 What exceptions to the Fly America...

  13. 48 CFR 52.225-21 - Required Use of American Iron, Steel, and Manufactured Goods-Buy American Act-Construction...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... Iron, Steel, and Manufactured Goods-Buy American Act-Construction Materials. 52.225-21 Section 52.225... of American Iron, Steel, and Manufactured Goods—Buy American Act—Construction Materials. As prescribed in 25.1102(e), insert the following clause: Required Use of American Iron, Steel, and...

  14. 48 CFR 52.225-21 - Required Use of American Iron, Steel, and Manufactured Goods-Buy American Act-Construction...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... Iron, Steel, and Manufactured Goods-Buy American Act-Construction Materials. 52.225-21 Section 52.225... of American Iron, Steel, and Manufactured Goods—Buy American Act—Construction Materials. As prescribed in 25.1102(e), insert the following clause: Required Use of American Iron, Steel, and...

  15. 15 CFR 744.11 - License requirements that apply to entities acting contrary to the national security or foreign...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... entities acting contrary to the national security or foreign policy interests of the United States. 744.11...) BUREAU OF INDUSTRY AND SECURITY, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE EXPORT ADMINISTRATION REGULATIONS CONTROL POLICY... national security or foreign policy interests of the United States. BIS may impose foreign policy...

  16. Child Labor Requirements in Nonagricultural Occupations under the Fair Labor Standards Act. Child Labor Bulletin No. 101.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Employment Standards Administration (DOL), Washington, DC. Wage and Hour Div.

    This booklet is a guide to the provisions of the Fair Labor Standards Act (also known as the Wage-Hour Law) which apply to minors employed in nonagricultural occupations. The content is as follows: coverage of the child labor provisions (covers employees in commerce, the production of goods for commerce, an enterprise engaged in commerce, and an…

  17. 15 CFR 744.11 - License requirements that apply to entities acting contrary to the national security or foreign...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... entities acting contrary to the national security or foreign policy interests of the United States. 744.11...) BUREAU OF INDUSTRY AND SECURITY, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE EXPORT ADMINISTRATION REGULATIONS CONTROL POLICY... national security or foreign policy interests of the United States. BIS may impose foreign policy...

  18. 15 CFR 744.11 - License requirements that apply to entities acting contrary to the national security or foreign...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... entities acting contrary to the national security or foreign policy interests of the United States. 744.11...) BUREAU OF INDUSTRY AND SECURITY, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE EXPORT ADMINISTRATION REGULATIONS CONTROL POLICY... national security or foreign policy interests of the United States. BIS may impose foreign policy...

  19. 75 FR 44163 - Implementation of Regulations Required Under Title XI of the Food, Conservation and Energy Act of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-28

    ... Administration (GIPSA) published a proposed rule in the Federal Register on June 22, 2010 (75 FR 35338) proposing...; ] DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Grain Inspection, Packers and Stockyards Administration 9 CFR Part 201 RIN 0580... 2008; Conduct in Violation of the Act AGENCY: Grain Inspection, Packers and Stockyards...

  20. 49 CFR Appendix A to Part 228 - Requirements of the Hours of Service Act: Statement of Agency Policy and Interpretation

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... for one employee including one hour lunch period) Do. 7 a.m. to 3 p.m. 7 a.m. to 3 p.m. (Two employees... time if it provides a meaningful period of relaxation and if the employee is free of all... Act which do not afford such persons an opportunity for rest, free from interruptions caused by...

  1. 49 CFR Appendix A to Part 228 - Requirements of the Hours of Service Act: Statement of Agency Policy and Interpretation

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... for one employee including one hour lunch period) Do. 7 a.m. to 3 p.m. 7 a.m. to 3 p.m. (Two employees... time if it provides a meaningful period of relaxation and if the employee is free of all... Act which do not afford such persons an opportunity for rest, free from interruptions caused by...

  2. Louisiana State Performance Plan--Part B. July 1, 2005-June 30, 2012. Under the Individuals with Disabilities Educational Improvement Act of 2004. Revised

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    White, John

    2013-01-01

    Bearing in mind the requirements of No Child Left Behind (NCLB) legislation, Louisiana's Steering Committee projected performance targets through the year 2014 for the important areas of: (1) Graduation with a Diploma; (2) Dropout Rate; (3) Placement, ages 6-21 and ages 3-5; (4) Achievement Performance Levels, and (5) Discipline. Annual gains were…

  3. Do Stricter High School Graduation Requirements Improve College Readiness? ACT Working Paper Series. WP-2014-1

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Buddin, Richard; Croft, Michelle

    2014-01-01

    In recent years, state policymakers have increased high school course requirements--particularly in mathematics and science. This research examines whether stricter requirements have been effective at improving student outcomes. Student-level evidence from a state's recent reform suggests that higher requirements had little effect on trends in…

  4. Impact of selected PALMS learning strategies in ninth grade science classrooms to reach NCLB science standards

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Omotunde, Mojisola Bolanle

    In the past 50 years there have been concerns about the teaching and learning of science in American schools. Furthermore, recent assessments have indicated that American students in 4th, 8th, and 12th grade levels are not performing better than their counterparts in other industrialized countries. The purpose of this study was to investigate if a change in instructional methods would improve test scores and meet the standards of the No Child Left Behind Act that requires that 95%-100% of students being tested should be proficient in the subject matter by 2014. The study used learner-centered learning strategies of PALMS (Partnerships Advancing the Learning of Mathematics and Science) inquiry-based learning, cooperative learning, and brain-based learning to instruct a group of students. PALMS was an initiative of the Massachusetts Department of Education in the effort to improve student performance in the state. The sample consisted of 161 ninth grade students enrolled in 8 physical science classes. Eighty-six students were instructed by the learner-centered learning strategies of inquiry-based learning, cooperative learning, and brain-based learning, while 75 students were instructed by the teacher-centered traditional method of instruction, which consists of lectures and direct instruction. The students who received PALMS learner-centered instruction were the treatment group while the students who received teacher-centered instruction were the control group. Analysis of the data by one way ANOVA showed that there was a significant difference between the test scores (average combined scores of selected chapters of the textbook and the district's six weeks test) of students who were instructed by learner-centered instructional methods and those who were instructed by the teacher-centered instructional methods. The learner-centered group scored higher than the teacher-centered group, although they did not improve their test scores when compared to their baseline

  5. Unfunded Mandates? An Analysis of Pontiac School Board v. Spellings, the Legal Challenge to the No Child Left Behind Act

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Savich, Carl

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this paper was to analyze the court case Pontiac v. Spellings, a legal challenge to the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act filed in 2005. The methodology was to examine and analyze the briefs filed and the court decisions to analyze the legal arguments made by the parties to the lawsuit. The results were that the U.S. Circuit Court for…

  6. 49 CFR Appendix A to Part 228 - Requirements of the Hours of Service Act: Statement of Agency Policy and Interpretation

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... including one hour lunch period) Do. 7 a.m. to 3 p.m. 7 a.m. to 3 p.m. (Two employees scheduled) Do. 7 a.m... time if it provides a meaningful period of relaxation and if the employee is free of all... Act which do not afford such persons an opportunity for rest, free from interruptions caused by...

  7. 49 CFR Appendix A to Part 228 - Requirements of the Hours of Service Act: Statement of Agency Policy and Interpretation

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... including one hour lunch period) Do. 7 a.m. to 3 p.m. 7 a.m. to 3 p.m. (Two employees scheduled) Do. 7 a.m... time if it provides a meaningful period of relaxation and if the employee is free of all... Act which do not afford such persons an opportunity for rest, free from interruptions caused by...

  8. The clinical profile of children with ADHD that require OROS-methylphenidate combined with shorter-acting formulations.

    PubMed

    Zelnik, Nathanel; Terkel-Dawer, Ruth

    2015-12-01

    Long-acting methylphenidate (MPH) formulations, including OROS-MPH, were found to be effective in alleviating ADHD symptoms throughout the day. However, sustained stimulant activity may lead to prolonged suppression of appetite and insomnia. In this study, we characterized the clinical profile of children and adolescents for whom a once-daily lower dose of OROS-MPH combined with a shorter-acting agent was more tolerable than single higher OROS-MPH dose. In our cohort of 128 children treated with OROS-MPH, 47 (36.7 %) better tolerated a lower dose of OROS-MPH combined with short-acting MPH formulations (Group I). Nevertheless, for the majority (81 patients-63.3 %), a standard single moderate dose of OROS-MPH was sufficient (Group II). The mean daily doses of MPH were: 0.83 ± 0.21 mg/kg for Group I and 1.06 ± 0.29 mg/kg for Group II. There were no significant differences in the prevalence of learning disorders, tic disorders, epilepsy and conduct disorders between these two groups. However, anxiety and marginally depression were more prevalent in Group I (46.8 and 9.7 %) than in Group II (27.2 and 1.2 %). Patients in Group I were also more tending to receive psychotherapy than patients in Group II.

  9. Defying Predictions, State Trends Prove Mixed on Schools Making NCLB Targets

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Olson, Lynn

    2005-01-01

    Many people predicted that 2005 would be the year that schools nationwide began feeling the bite of the federal No Child Left Behind Act, as states ratcheted up their performance targets and more schools failed to meet those benchmarks. But such dire predictions are not playing out uniformly across the states. Of the 33 states and the District of…

  10. Evaluating Public School Teachers in Western Pennsylvania: How and Why Has It Changed since NCLB?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scherrer, Robert J.

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to determine whether or not Western Pennsylvania public school districts have changed their teacher evaluation forms since the inception of the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001. Thirty-eight superintendents from the Tri-State Area School Study Council and the Forum for Western Pennsylvania School Superintendents…

  11. Civil Rights Groups Split over NCLB: Accountability Provisions Stirring Heated Debate

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reid, Karla Scoon

    2005-01-01

    Leading national civil rights groups and advocates are increasingly divided over whether the No Child Left Behind Act will improve the academic achievement of poor and minority students, a rift that is generating conversation and concern among a circle of people accustomed to working together. Few civil rights advocates disagree with the law's…

  12. States to Get New Options on NCLB Law: More Flexibility Promised as Special Education Rules Eased

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoff, David J.

    2005-01-01

    In her most noteworthy policy speech since taking office in January, U.S. Secretary of Education Margaret Spellings outlined how she would give states new flexibility to implement the 3-year-old law. The Department of Education will entertain proposals from states to waive rules under the federal No Child Left Behind Act. The department also will…

  13. At 4, NCLB Gets Praise and Fresh Call to Amend It

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Trotter, Andrew; Davis, Michelle R.

    2006-01-01

    A coalition of school, civil rights, and child-advocacy groups handed a list of 14 recommendations for changing the federal No Child Left Behind Act to congressional staff members at the U.S. Capitol early January 2006, just a day after President Bush vigorously defended the law on its fourth anniversary. Consequences of the law demand these…

  14. 17 CFR 240.19b-5 - Temporary exemption from the filing requirements of Section 19(b) of the Act.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... requirements: (1) Form PILOT. The self-regulatory organization: (i) Files Part I of Form PILOT, 17 CFR 249.821... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Temporary exemption from the... of Exchange Members § 240.19b-5 Temporary exemption from the filing requirements of Section 19(b)...

  15. 15 CFR Supplement No. 1 to Part 730 - Information Collection Requirements Under the Paperwork Reduction Act: OMB Control Numbers

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... Foreign Trade Regulations Relating to Commerce and Foreign Trade (Continued) BUREAU OF INDUSTRY AND... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Information Collection Requirements... requirements for the Bureau of Industry and Security by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), pursuant...

  16. 15 CFR Supplement No. 1 to Part 730 - Information Collection Requirements Under the Paperwork Reduction Act: OMB Control Numbers

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... Foreign Trade Regulations Relating to Commerce and Foreign Trade (Continued) BUREAU OF INDUSTRY AND... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Information Collection Requirements... requirements for the Bureau of Industry and Security by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), pursuant...

  17. 15 CFR Supplement No. 1 to Part 730 - Information Collection Requirements Under the Paperwork Reduction Act: OMB Control Numbers

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... Foreign Trade Regulations Relating to Commerce and Foreign Trade (Continued) BUREAU OF INDUSTRY AND... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Information Collection Requirements... requirements for the Bureau of Industry and Security by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), pursuant...

  18. 45 CFR 1356.40 - Adoption assistance program: Administrative requirements to implement section 473 of the Act.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... participation in adoption assistance payments under this part, the State must meet the requirements of this... moves from one State to another State, the family may apply for social services on behalf of...

  19. 15 CFR 744.11 - License requirements that apply to entities acting contrary to the national security or foreign...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ..., repair, development, or production by supplying parts, components, technology, or financing for such... party to be listed and the failure to produce a complete, accurate and useful check is required,...

  20. 12 CFR 208.36 - Reporting requirements for State member banks subject to the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... recent fiscal year, and no foreign offices, may elect to substitute for the financial statements required... 10 of the Commission's Regulation S-X (17 CFR 210.10-01), in the Management's Discussion and Analysis... document filed with the Board. Each copy of the confidential portion shall contain the complete text of...

  1. 12 CFR 208.36 - Reporting requirements for State member banks subject to the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... recent fiscal year, and no foreign offices, may elect to substitute for the financial statements required... 10 of the Commission's Regulation S-X (17 CFR 210.10-01), in the Management's Discussion and Analysis... document filed with the Board. Each copy of the confidential portion shall contain the complete text of...

  2. 12 CFR 208.36 - Reporting requirements for State member banks subject to the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... recent fiscal year, and no foreign offices, may elect to substitute for the financial statements required... 10 of the Commission's Regulation S-X (17 CFR 210.10-01), in the Management's Discussion and Analysis... document filed with the Board. Each copy of the confidential portion shall contain the complete text of...

  3. 15 CFR Supplement No. 1 to Part 730 - Information Collection Requirements Under the Paperwork Reduction Act: OMB Control Numbers

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... SECURITY, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE EXPORT ADMINISTRATION REGULATIONS GENERAL INFORMATION Pt. 730, Supp. 1... requirements for the Bureau of Industry and Security by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), pursuant to...-Disclosure of Antiboycott Violations § 764.8. 0694-0133 Thermal Imaging Camera Reporting § 743.3...

  4. 15 CFR Supplement No. 1 to Part 730 - Information Collection Requirements Under the Paperwork Reduction Act: OMB Control Numbers

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... SECURITY, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE EXPORT ADMINISTRATION REGULATIONS GENERAL INFORMATION Pt. 730, Supp. 1... requirements for the Bureau of Industry and Security by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), pursuant to... Antiboycott Violations § 764.8. 0694-0133 Thermal Imaging Camera Reporting § 743.3 0694-0134 Procedure...

  5. 45 CFR 1356.40 - Adoption assistance program: Administrative requirements to implement section 473 of the Act.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... to Public Welfare (Continued) OFFICE OF HUMAN DEVELOPMENT SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN... ASSISTANCE, AND CHILD AND FAMILY SERVICES REQUIREMENTS APPLICABLE TO TITLE IV-E § 1356.40 Adoption assistance... assistance program provisions of the title IV-E State plan and to be eligible for Federal...

  6. 75 FR 35338 - Implementation of Regulations Required Under Title XI of the Food, Conservation and Energy Act of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-22

    ...; ] DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Grain Inspection, Packers and Stockyards Administration 9 CFR Part 201 RIN 0580..., USDA. ACTION: Proposed rule. SUMMARY: The Department of Agriculture (USDA), Grain Inspection, Packers... in the livestock and poultry industries and required the Secretary of Agriculture (Secretary)...

  7. 75 FR 31334 - Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act (RESPA): Strengthening and Clarifying RESPA's “Required Use...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-03

    ..., 2009 (74 FR 22822). When HUD withdrew the revised definition, it left in place the existing definition..., without sufficient time to research their contracts or to comparison shop. The purpose of this ANPR is to... definition of the ``required use'' of affiliated settlement service providers in residential...

  8. 76 FR 76874 - Implementation of Regulations Required Under Title XI of the Food, Conservation and Energy Act of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-09

    ... on these comments. Section V provides the revised impact analyses including those required by..., (75 FR 35338) provided a 60-day comment period to end on August 23, 2010. In response to requests for... November 22, 2010 (75 FR 44163). GIPSA considered all comments postmarked or electronically submitted...

  9. 15 CFR 744.11 - License requirements that apply to entities acting contrary to the national security or foreign...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... section by adding an entity to the Entity List (Supp. No. 4 to this part) with a reference to this section and by stating on the Entity List the license requirements and license application review policy that apply to that entity. BIS may remove an entity from the Entity List if it is no longer engaged in...

  10. National School Lunch Program and School Breakfast Program: Eliminating Applications Through Community Eligibility as Required by the Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010. Final rule.

    PubMed

    2016-07-29

    This final rule establishes requirements for State agencies, local educational agencies, and schools operating the Community Eligibility Provision, a reimbursement option that allows the service of school meals to all children at no-cost in high poverty schools without collecting household applications. By eliminating the household application process and streamlining meal counting and claiming procedures through the Community Eligibility Provision, local educational agencies may substantially reduce administrative burden related to operating the National School Lunch and School Breakfast Programs. This rule codifies many requirements that were implemented through policy guidance following enactment of the Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010, as well as provisions of the proposed rule. These requirements will result in consistent, national implementation of the Community Eligibility Provision.

  11. National School Lunch Program and School Breakfast Program: Eliminating Applications Through Community Eligibility as Required by the Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010. Final rule.

    PubMed

    2016-07-29

    This final rule establishes requirements for State agencies, local educational agencies, and schools operating the Community Eligibility Provision, a reimbursement option that allows the service of school meals to all children at no-cost in high poverty schools without collecting household applications. By eliminating the household application process and streamlining meal counting and claiming procedures through the Community Eligibility Provision, local educational agencies may substantially reduce administrative burden related to operating the National School Lunch and School Breakfast Programs. This rule codifies many requirements that were implemented through policy guidance following enactment of the Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010, as well as provisions of the proposed rule. These requirements will result in consistent, national implementation of the Community Eligibility Provision. PMID:27476197

  12. ERA, a novel cis-acting element required for autoregulation and ethanol repression of PDC1 transcription in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

    PubMed

    Liesen, T; Hollenberg, C P; Heinisch, J J

    1996-08-01

    Yeast pyruvate decarboxylase (Pdc) catalyses the reaction at the branch-point of fermentation and respiration. In this work we have investigated the mechanisms of its transcriptional regulation in response to glucose and the non-fermentable carbon source ethanol. For this purpose we studied the function of different promoter fragments of PDC1, encoding the major pyruvate decarboxylase enzyme in wild-type cells, in the basal CYC1 promoter context. Thus, we identified a sequence mediating the response to ethanol and provide evidence showing that transcription of PDC1 is controlled by ethanol repression rather than by glucose induction. Furthermore, we showed that the same sequence is responsible for an autoregulatory process, leading to increased transcription from both the PDC1 and the PDC5 promoters, in strains in which the genomic copy of PDC1 is deleted. In addition, we have confirmed the role of Rap1 binding and have demonstrated that the Gcr1 protein also acts in transcriptional activation. DNA-protein interactions at the consensus Rap1-binding site and the newly identified ethanol-repression sequence (5'-AAATGCATA-3', termed 'ERA') were investigated by gel-shift and footprint analyses. Both DNA-binding activities were found in extracts from cells grown in media containing glucose or ethanol as the carbon source, indicating that the capacity to bind is not altered by the carbon source used.

  13. Raffinose Family Oligosaccharides Act As Galactose Stores in Seeds and Are Required for Rapid Germination of Arabidopsis in the Dark.

    PubMed

    Gangl, Roman; Tenhaken, Raimund

    2016-01-01

    Raffinose synthase 5 (AtRS5, At5g40390) was characterized from Arabidopsis as a recombinant enzyme. It has a far higher affinity for the substrates galactinol and sucrose than any other raffinose synthase previously reported. In addition raffinose synthase 5 is also working as a galactosylhydrolase, degrading galactinol, and raffinose under certain conditions. Together with raffinose synthase 4, which is predominantly a stachyose synthase, both enzymes contribute to the raffinose family oligosaccharide (RFO) accumulation in seeds. A double knockout in raffinose synthase 4 and raffinose synthase 5 (ΔAtRS4,5) was generated, which is devoid of RFOs in seeds. Unstressed leaves of 4 week old ΔAtRS4,5 plants showed drastically 23.8-fold increased concentrations of galactinol. Unexpectedly, raffinose appeared again in drought stressed ΔAtRS4,5 plants, but not under other abiotic stress conditions. Drought stress leads to novel transcripts of raffinose synthase 6 suggesting that this isoform is a further stress inducible raffinose synthase in Arabidopsis. ΔAtRS4,5 seeds showed a 5 days delayed germination phenotype in darkness and an elevated expression of the transcription factor phytochrome interacting factor 1 (AtPIF1) target gene AtPIF6, being a repressor of germination. This prolonged dormancy is not seen during germination in the light. Exogenous galactose partially promotes germination of ΔAtRS4,5 seeds in the dark suggesting that RFOs act as a galactose store and repress AtPIF6 transcripts. PMID:27507985

  14. Raffinose Family Oligosaccharides Act As Galactose Stores in Seeds and Are Required for Rapid Germination of Arabidopsis in the Dark

    PubMed Central

    Gangl, Roman; Tenhaken, Raimund

    2016-01-01

    Raffinose synthase 5 (AtRS5, At5g40390) was characterized from Arabidopsis as a recombinant enzyme. It has a far higher affinity for the substrates galactinol and sucrose than any other raffinose synthase previously reported. In addition raffinose synthase 5 is also working as a galactosylhydrolase, degrading galactinol, and raffinose under certain conditions. Together with raffinose synthase 4, which is predominantly a stachyose synthase, both enzymes contribute to the raffinose family oligosaccharide (RFO) accumulation in seeds. A double knockout in raffinose synthase 4 and raffinose synthase 5 (ΔAtRS4,5) was generated, which is devoid of RFOs in seeds. Unstressed leaves of 4 week old ΔAtRS4,5 plants showed drastically 23.8-fold increased concentrations of galactinol. Unexpectedly, raffinose appeared again in drought stressed ΔAtRS4,5 plants, but not under other abiotic stress conditions. Drought stress leads to novel transcripts of raffinose synthase 6 suggesting that this isoform is a further stress inducible raffinose synthase in Arabidopsis. ΔAtRS4,5 seeds showed a 5 days delayed germination phenotype in darkness and an elevated expression of the transcription factor phytochrome interacting factor 1 (AtPIF1) target gene AtPIF6, being a repressor of germination. This prolonged dormancy is not seen during germination in the light. Exogenous galactose partially promotes germination of ΔAtRS4,5 seeds in the dark suggesting that RFOs act as a galactose store and repress AtPIF6 transcripts. PMID:27507985

  15. Prescription Drug Marketing Act of 1987; Prescription Drug Amendments of 1992; policies, requirements, and administrative procedures; delay of effective date. Final rule; delay of effective date.

    PubMed

    2004-02-23

    The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is further delaying, until December 1, 2006, the effective date of certain requirements of a final rule published in the Federal Register of December 3, 1999 (64 FR 67720). In the Federal Register of May 3, 2000 (65 FR 25639), the agency delayed until October 1, 2001, the effective date of certain requirements in the final rule relating to wholesale distribution of prescription drugs by distributors that are not authorized distributors of record, and distribution of blood derivatives by entities that meet the definition of a "health care entity" in the final rule. The agency further delayed the effective date of these requirements in three subsequent Federal Register notices. Most recently, in the Federal Register of January 31, 2003 (68 FR 4912), FDA delayed the effective date until April 1, 2004. This action further delays the effective date of these requirements until December 1, 2006. The final rule implements the Prescription Drug Marketing Act of 1987 (PDMA), as modified by the Prescription Drug Amendments of 1992 (PDA), and the Food and Drug Administration Modernization Act of 1997 (the Modernization Act). The agency is taking this action to address concerns about the requirements in the final rule raised by affected parties. As explained in the SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION section, FDA is working with stakeholders through its counterfeit drug initiative to facilitate widespread, voluntary adoption of track and trace technologies that will generate a de facto electronic pedigree, including prior transaction history back to the original manufacturer, as a routine course of business. If this technology is widely adopted, it is expected to help fulfill the pedigree requirements of the PDMA and obviate or resolve many of the concerns that have been raised with respect to the final rule by ensuring that an electronic pedigree travels with a drug product at all times. Therefore, it is necessary to delay the effective date of Sec

  16. Prescription Drug Marketing Act of 1987; Prescription Drug Amendments of 1992; policies, requirements, and administrative procedures; delay of effective date. Final rule; delay of effective date.

    PubMed

    2004-02-23

    The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is further delaying, until December 1, 2006, the effective date of certain requirements of a final rule published in the Federal Register of December 3, 1999 (64 FR 67720). In the Federal Register of May 3, 2000 (65 FR 25639), the agency delayed until October 1, 2001, the effective date of certain requirements in the final rule relating to wholesale distribution of prescription drugs by distributors that are not authorized distributors of record, and distribution of blood derivatives by entities that meet the definition of a "health care entity" in the final rule. The agency further delayed the effective date of these requirements in three subsequent Federal Register notices. Most recently, in the Federal Register of January 31, 2003 (68 FR 4912), FDA delayed the effective date until April 1, 2004. This action further delays the effective date of these requirements until December 1, 2006. The final rule implements the Prescription Drug Marketing Act of 1987 (PDMA), as modified by the Prescription Drug Amendments of 1992 (PDA), and the Food and Drug Administration Modernization Act of 1997 (the Modernization Act). The agency is taking this action to address concerns about the requirements in the final rule raised by affected parties. As explained in the SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION section, FDA is working with stakeholders through its counterfeit drug initiative to facilitate widespread, voluntary adoption of track and trace technologies that will generate a de facto electronic pedigree, including prior transaction history back to the original manufacturer, as a routine course of business. If this technology is widely adopted, it is expected to help fulfill the pedigree requirements of the PDMA and obviate or resolve many of the concerns that have been raised with respect to the final rule by ensuring that an electronic pedigree travels with a drug product at all times. Therefore, it is necessary to delay the effective date of Sec

  17. cis-Acting sequences in addition to donor and acceptor sites are required for template switching during synthesis of plus-strand DNA for duck hepatitis B virus.

    PubMed Central

    Havert, M B; Loeb, D D

    1997-01-01

    A characteristic of all hepadnaviruses is the relaxed-circular conformation of the DNA genome within an infectious virion. Synthesis of the relaxed-circular genome by reverse transcription requires three template switches. These template switches, as for the template switches or strand transfers of other reverse-transcribing genetic elements, require repeated sequences (the donor and acceptor sites) between which a complementary strand of nucleic acid is transferred. The mechanism for each of the template switches in hepadnaviruses is poorly understood. To determine whether sequences other than the donor and acceptor sites are involved in the template switches of duck hepatitis B virus (DHBV), a series of molecular clones which express viral genomes bearing deletion mutations were analyzed. We found that three regions of the DHBV genome, which are distinct from the donor and acceptor sites, are required for the synthesis of relaxed-circular DNA. One region, located near the 3' end of the minus-strand template, is required for the template switch that circularizes the genome. The other two regions, located in the middle of the genome and near DR2, appear to be required for plus-strand primer translocation. We speculate that these cis-acting sequences may play a role in the organization of the minus-strand DNA template within the capsid particle so that it supports efficient template switching during plus-strand DNA synthesis. PMID:9188603

  18. The Implications of ACTS Technology on the Requirements of Rain Attenuation Modeling for Communication System Specification and Analysis at 30/20 GHz and Beyond

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Manning, Robert M.

    1996-01-01

    The advent of the use of the Ka-Band for space communications, coupled with the introduction of digital modulation techniques as well as multiple-beam methodology for satellites, has deemed it necessary to reassess the plethora of rain attenuation prediction models in use. The Advanced Communication Technology Satellite (ACTS) Project, undertaken by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration in 1983, offered such challenges to rain attenuation prediction modeling. Up to 1983, no such single modeling formalism existed that could fill such requirements. Not even the work done by the NASA Propagation Experimenters (NAPEX) Group had envisioned such requirements, so no dynamic Ka-Band data existed from which one could draw conclusions. In this paper, the basic rudiments of what has become to be known as the 'ACTS Rain Attenuation Prediction Model' will be presented. The concept of rain fade mitigation control availability will be introduced. A new evaluation is then presented for the performance of satellite communication systems, in particular, those to be operating within the Ka-Band and above, that will necessarily employ some type of dynamic rain fade mitigation procedure.

  19. Compliance with the Clean Air Act Title VI Stratospheric Ozone Protection Program requirements at U.S. DOE Oak Ridge Reservation Facilities

    SciTech Connect

    Humphreys, M.P.; Atkins, E.M.

    1999-07-01

    The Title VI Stratospheric Ozone Protection Program of the Clean Air Act (CAA) requires promulgation of regulations to reduce and prevent damage to the earth's protective ozone layer. Regulations pursuant to Title VI of the CAA are promulgated in the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) at Title 40 CFR, Part 822. The regulations include ambitious production phaseout schedules for ozone depleting substances (ODS) including chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs), halons, carbon tetrachloride, and methyl chloroform under 40 CFR 82, Subpart A. The regulations also include requirements for recycling and emissions reduction during the servicing of refrigeration equipment and technician certification requirements under Subpart F; provisions for servicing of motor vehicle air conditioners under Subpart B; a ban on nonessential products containing Class 1 ODS under Subpart C; restrictions on Federal procurement of ODS under Subpart D; labeling of products using ODS under Subpart E; and the Significant New Alternatives Policy Program under Subpart G. This paper will provide details of initiatives undertaken at US Department of Energy (DOE) Oak Ridge Reservation (ORR) Facilities for implementation of requirements under the Title VI Stratospheric Ozone Protection Program. The Stratospheric Ozone Protection Plans include internal DOE requirements for: (1) maintenance of ODS inventories; (2) ODS procurement practices; (3) servicing of refrigeration and air conditioning equipment; (4) required equipment modifications or replacement; (5) technician certification training; (6) labeling of products containing ODS; (7) substitution of chlorinated solvents; and (8) replacement of halon fire protection systems. The plans also require establishment of administrative control systems which assure that compliance is achieved and maintained as the regulations continue to develop and become effective.

  20. Using Treatment Integrity in the Classroom to Bring Research and Practice Together

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    De Fazio, Carina M.; Fain, A. Christi; Duchaine, Ellen L.

    2011-01-01

    Legislation such as No Child Left Behind (NCLB), the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, and its reauthorization, the Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act, mandate that evidence-based practices be used in schools. In fact, NCLB requires that "scientifically-based research" be the basis for classroom practices (Smith,…

  1. Impact of Teacher Qualification on Student Achievement at the Elementary and Middle School Levels

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Andrews, Sandra L.

    2012-01-01

    Although the federal No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act requires that classroom teachers be highly qualified, the assumption that achieving the highly qualified endorsement equates to teacher effectiveness in the classroom is unverified. The purpose of this study was to compare the effect of teacher qualification, as defined by the NCLB Act and…

  2. The Influence of Foreign Language Learning during Early Childhood on Standardized Test Scores

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shaw, Tommetta

    2010-01-01

    Increasing standardized test scores in reading and math is of high importance to the California Department of Education to meet requirements mandated by the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) act of 2001. More research is needed to understand the best ways to improve tests scores to meet concerns of the NCLB act. The purpose of the study was to evaluate…

  3. Leadership Behaviors for Continuous School Improvement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williams, Florence S.

    2011-01-01

    In an effort to improve student achievement in our nation's public schools, former President George W. Bush signed into law the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act of 2001. The NCLB Act requires that each State Department of Education establishes a set of standards for student achievement with a grading system for making adequate yearly progress…

  4. Final Requirements--School Improvement Grants--Title I of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965. Final Rule. Federal Register, Part IV, Department of Education, 34 CFR Chapter II

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Archives and Records Administration, 2015

    2015-01-01

    The Assistant Secretary for Elementary and Secondary Education adopts final requirements for the School Improvement Grants (SIG) program, authorized under section 1003(g) of title I of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965, as amended (ESEA). These final requirements make changes to the current SIG program requirements and implement…

  5. Meeting the Tobacco Cessation Coverage Requirement of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act: State Smoking Cessation Quitlines and Cost Sharing

    PubMed Central

    Bailey, Linda; Leischow, Scott J.

    2015-01-01

    Objectives. We explored whether various key stakeholders considered cost sharing with state telephone-based tobacco cessation quitlines, because including tobacco cessation services as part of the required essential health benefits is a new requirement of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA). Methods. We analyzed qualitative data collected from interviews conducted in April and May of 2014 with representatives of state health departments, quitline service providers, health plans, and insurance brokers in 4 US states. Results. State health departments varied in the strategies they considered the role their state quitline would play in meeting the ACA requirements. Health plans and insurance brokers referred to state quitlines because they were perceived as effective and free, but in 3 of the 4 states, the private stakeholder groups did not consider cost sharing. Conclusions. If state health departments are going to initiate cost-sharing agreements with private insurance providers, then they will need to engage a broad array of stakeholders and will need to overcome the perception that state quitline services are free. PMID:26447918

  6. The Slicer Activity of ARGONAUTE1 Is Required Specifically for the Phasing, Not Production, of Trans-Acting Short Interfering RNAs in Arabidopsis[OPEN

    PubMed Central

    Marchais, Antonin; Poulsen, Christian; Hauptmann, Judith; Meister, Gunter

    2016-01-01

    ARGONAUTE1 (AGO1) mediates posttranscriptional silencing by microRNAs (miRNAs) and short interfering RNAS (siRNAs). AGO1-catalyzed RNA cleavage (slicing) represses miRNA targets, but current models also highlight the roles of slicing in formation of siRNAs and siRNA-AGO1 complexes. miRNA-guided slicing is required for biogenesis of phased, trans-acting siRNAs (tasiRNAs), whose cleaved precursor fragments are converted to double-stranded RNA by RNA-dependent RNA polymerase 6 (RDR6). In addition, unwinding of duplex siRNA bound to AGO1 requires passenger strand cleavage in vitro. In this study, we analyze how mutation of four metal ion-coordinating residues of Arabidopsis thaliana AGO1 affects slicer activity in vitro and siRNA function in vivo. We show that while all four residues are required for slicer activity, they do not contribute equally to catalysis. Moreover, passenger strand cleavage is required for assembly of active AGO1-siRNA complexes in vivo, and many AGO1-bound siRNAs are trimmed in the absence of slicer activity. Remarkably, seedlings defective in AGO1 slicer activity produce abundant siRNAs from tasiRNA loci in vivo. These siRNAs depend on RDR6 and SUPPRESSOR OF GENE SILENCING3, but unlike wild-type tasiRNAs, they are unphased. These results demonstrate that slicing is solely required for phase definition of tasiRNAs, and they strongly support recruitment of RDR6 by AGO1 rather than by cleavage fragments. PMID:27354557

  7. Response of the US EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) region 5 states to the nonpoint source reporting requirements of the 1987 Clean Water Act amendments. Technical report

    SciTech Connect

    Hautman, N.

    1988-01-01

    This report attempts to determine the extent of nonpoint source pollution in Region V. The report analyzes and summarizes the nonpoint source and clean lakes reports required under the Clean Water Act amendments of 1987. The reports share common elements such as a focus on agricultural sources and the use of hard data as well as professional judgment. However, they differ in overall design, definitions of key elements, level of analysis, thoroughness, and effectiveness. The summary considers the reports from two aspects: structure and the extent to which they comply with Sec. 319 and U.S. EPA reports as they are constructed. Information in the 305 (b) reports adds to the scope of each state's nonpoint source program and is referred to here. Following the summary is a discussion, accompanied by appropriate tables, of the nonpoint source pollution extent.

  8. Tanker navigation safety standards: Tanker navigation safety research baseline: A study required by section 4111(b)(9) of the Oil Pollution Act of 1990. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    1996-12-31

    The Oil Pollution Act of 1990 directed the Secretary of Transportation to review and incorporate the results of past studies, including studies by the Coast Guard and Office of Technology Assessment (OTA). This literature search and review focuses on materials pertinent to determining or evaluating current and/or `best` practices, and not on the adequacy of current statutes or regulations. In addition, it is not the intention of the report to assess best practices (e.g., suggest the appropriate crew sizes or what navigation equipment should be required on tankers), but to establish the baseline for future study of best practices. The report does not provide answers to new analytical quations, but presents the status of research so that questions addressed previoulsy will not be duplicated by future studies.

  9. cis-Acting sequences required for expression of the divergently transcribed Drosophila melanogaster Sgs-7 and Sgs-8 glue protein genes

    SciTech Connect

    Hofmann, A.; Garfinkel, M.D.; Meyerowitz, E.M. )

    1991-06-01

    The Sgs-7 and Sgs-8 glue genes at 68C are divergently transcribed and are separated by 475 bp. Fusion genes with Adh or lacZ coding sequences were constructed, and the expression of these genes, with different amounts of upstream sequences present, was tested by a transient expression procedure and by germ line transformation. A cis-acting element for both genes is located asymmetrically in the intergenic region between {minus}211 and {minus}43 bp relative to Sgs-7. It is required for correct expression of both genes. This element can confer the stage- and tissue-specific expression pattern of glue genes on a heterologous promoter. An 86-bp portion of the element, from {minus}133 to {minus}48 bp relative to Sgs-7, is shown to be capable of enhancing the expression of a truncated and therefore weakly expressed Sgs-3 fusion gene. Recently described common sequence motifs of glue gene regulatory elements.

  10. Requiring E-VERIFI Act

    THOMAS, 113th Congress

    Sen. Coburn, Tom [R-OK

    2013-08-01

    08/01/2013 Read twice and referred to the Committee on Finance. (All Actions) Notes: For further action, see H.R.2775, which became Public Law 113-46 on 10/17/2013. Tracker: This bill has the status IntroducedHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  11. Understanding Your Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP), 2011-2012

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education, 2011

    2011-01-01

    The "No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) of 2001" requires all schools, districts/local education agencies (LEAs) and states to show that students are making Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP). NCLB requires states to establish targets in the following ways: (1) Annual Proficiency Target; (2) Attendance/Graduation Rates; and (3) Participation Rates.…

  12. A Summary of Research on the Effects of Test Accommodations: 2002 through 2004. Technical Report 45

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnstone, Christopher J.; Altman, Jason; Thurlow, Martha L.; Thompson, Sandra J.

    2006-01-01

    The No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB) requires the reporting of participation in assessments overall and by subgroup, including students with disabilities. As states and school districts strive to meet the goals for adequate yearly progress required by NCLB, the use of individual accommodations continues to be scrutinized for effectiveness,…

  13. Implementation of the Clean Air Act, Title III, Section 112(r) Prevention of Accidental Release Rule requirements at U.S. DOE Oak Ridge Reservation facilities

    SciTech Connect

    Humphreys, M.P.; Fellers, H.L.

    1997-12-31

    Title III, Section 112(r) of the Clean Air Act (CAA) Amendments of 1990 requires the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to promulgate regulations to prevent accidental releases of regulated substances and to reduce the severity of those releases that do occur. The final EPA rule for Risk Management Programs under Section 112(r)(7) of the CAA, promulgated June 20, 1996, applies to all stationary sources with processes that contain more than a threshold quantity of any of 139 regulated substances listed under 40 CFR 68.130. All affected sources will be required to prepare a risk management plan which must be submitted to EPA and be made available to state and local governments and to the public. This paper will provide details of initiatives underway at US Department of Energy (DOE) Oak Ridge Reservation (ORR) Facilities for implementation of the Prevention of Accidental Release Rule. The ORR encompasses three DOE Facilities: the Y-12 Plant, Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), and the K-25 Site. The Y-12 Plant manufactures component parts for the national nuclear weapons program; the ORNL is responsible for research and development activities including nuclear engineering, engineering technologies, and the environmental sciences; and the K-25 Site conducts a variety of research and development activities and is the home of a mixed waste incinerator. ORR activities underway and soon to be undertaken toward implementation of the Prevention of Accidental Release Rule include: compilation of inventories of regulated substances at all processes at each of the three ORR Facilities for determination of affected processes and facilities; plans for inventory reduction to levels below threshold quantities, where necessary and feasible; determination of the overlap of processes subject to the OSHA PSM Standard and determination of parallel requirements; preparation of Risk Management Plans and Programs for affected processes and facilities including detailed requirements

  14. Implementation of the Clean Air Act, Title V operating permit program requirements for the U.S. DOE Oak Ridge Reservation facilities

    SciTech Connect

    Humphreys, M.P.

    1998-12-31

    Title V of the Clean Air Act (CAA) establishes a new permit program requiring major sources and sources subject to Title III (Hazardous Air Pollutants) to obtain a state operating permit. Historically, most states have issued operating permits for individual emission units. Under the Title V permit program, a single permit will be issued for all of the emission units at the facility much like the current National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) permit program. The permit will specify all reporting, monitoring, and record-keeping requirements for the facility. Sources required to obtain permits include (a) major sources that emit 100 tons per year or more of any criteria air contaminant, (b) any source subject to the HAP provisions of Title III, (c) any source subject to the acid rain provisions of Title IV, (d) any source subject to New Source Performance Standards, and (e) any source subject to new source review under the nonattainment or Prevention of Significant Deterioration provisions. The State of Tennessee Title V Operating Permit Program was approved by EPA on August 28, 1996. This paper will provide details of initiatives underway at US Department of Energy (DOE) Oak Ridge Reservation (ORR) Facilities for implementation of requirements under the Title V Operating Permit Program. The ORR encompasses three DOE Facilities: the Y-12 Plant, Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), and the East Tennessee Technology Park (ETTP). The Y-12 Plant manufactures component parts for the national nuclear weapons program; the ORNL is responsible for research and development activities including nuclear engineering, engineering technologies, and the environmental sciences; and the ETTP conducts a variety of research and development activities and is the home of a mixed waste incinerator. Each of the three DOE Facilities is considered a major source under Title V of the CAA.

  15. A Critical Analysis of the 2004 and 2005 SAT Scores of College Bound Students, with Implications for the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Law and the State of Virginia Standards of Learning ("SOLs")

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Earl, Archie W.

    2005-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to conduct a critical analysis of (1) the disparities between the SAT scores of Black and White students, and Hispanic and White students, for 2004 and 2005 and (2) what those disparities suggest about the effectiveness of the State of Virginia "SOL" program and the Federal "No Child Left Behind" (NCLB) program. The…

  16. State of competition in gasoline marketing. The effects of refiner operation at retail (a study required by Title III of the Petroleum Marketing Practices Act)

    SciTech Connect

    Delaney, J.B.; Fenili, R.N.

    1980-05-01

    Title III of the Petroleum Marketing Practices Act requires the Secretary of Energy to report to the Congress on the extent to which producers, refiners, and other suppliers of motor fuel subsidize the sale of such fuel at retail or wholesale with profits obtained from other operations. This is Part I of the report required under that Title. It addresses a number of questions relating to the central issue - the state of competition in the gasoline marketing industry. Part II of the report, to be issued this fall, will discuss the subpoenaed documents of nine integrated companies, and will contain recommendations for action, if deemed necessary. The basic thrust of Part I is an examination of three issues: (1) Are integrated refiners subsidizing their company operated gasoline retail outlets; (2) Are integrated refiners moving gasoline away from their branded dealer network into their own retail outlets; and (3) Are integrated refiners manipulating the allocation system in favor of their own retail outlets to the detriment of other gasoline marketers. At a series of regional hearings, independent marketers charged that integrated refiners were engaging in each of these practices. In essence, integrated refiners were portrayed as using unfair or illegal competitive practices which would ultimately lead to their domination of retail gasoline markets. This report addresses each allegation, after providing a historical and theoretical framework for today's debate.

  17. 36 CFR 801.6 - Coordination with requirements under the National Environmental Policy Act (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... final EIS should reflect the results of this process. Applicants are directed to 36 CFR 800.9, which... under the National Environmental Policy Act (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.). 801.6 Section 801.6 Parks, Forests... Environmental Policy Act (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.). The National Historic Preservation Act and the...

  18. Requirement of multiple cis-acting elements in the human cytomegalovirus major immediate-early distal enhancer for viral gene expression and replication.

    PubMed

    Meier, Jeffery L; Keller, Michael J; McCoy, James J

    2002-01-01

    We have shown previously that the human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) major immediate-early (MIE) distal enhancer is needed for MIE promoter-dependent transcription and viral replication at low multiplicities of infection (MOI). To understand how this region works, we constructed and analyzed a series of HCMVs with various distal enhancer mutations. We show that the distal enhancer is composed of at least two parts that function independently to coordinately activate MIE promoter-dependent transcription and viral replication. One such part is contained in a 47-bp segment that has consensus binding sites for CREB/ATF, SP1, and YY1. At low MOI, these working parts likely function in cis to directly activate MIE gene expression, thus allowing viral replication to ensue. Three findings support the view that these working parts are likely cis-acting elements. (i) Deletion of either part of a bisegmented distal enhancer only slightly alters MIE gene transcription and viral replication. (ii) Reversing the distal enhancer's orientation largely preserves MIE gene transcription and viral replication. (iii) Placement of stop codons at -300 or -345 in all reading frames does not impair MIE gene transcription and viral replication. Lastly, we show that these working parts are dispensable at high MOI, partly because of compensatory stimulation of MIE promoter activity and viral replication that is induced by a virion-associated component(s) present at a high viral particle/cell ratio. We conclude that the distal enhancer is a complex multicomponent cis-acting region that is required to augment both MIE promoter-dependent transcription and HCMV replication.

  19. NCLB: Achievement Robin Hood?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bracey, Gerald W.

    2008-01-01

    In his "Wall Street Journal" op-ed on the 25th of anniversary of "A Nation At Risk", former assistant secretary of education Chester E. Finn Jr. applauded the report for turning U.S. education away from equality and toward achievement. It was not surprising, then, that in mid-2008, Finn arranged a conference to examine the potential "Robin Hood…

  20. Deeming Tobacco Products To Be Subject to the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act, as Amended by the Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act; Restrictions on the Sale and Distribution of Tobacco Products and Required Warning Statements for Tobacco Products. Final rule.

    PubMed

    2016-05-10

    The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is issuing this final rule to deem products meeting the statutory definition of "tobacco product,'' except accessories of the newly deemed tobacco products, to be subject to the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (the FD&C Act), as amended by the Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act (Tobacco Control Act). The Tobacco Control Act provides FDA authority to regulate cigarettes, cigarette tobacco, roll-your-own tobacco, smokeless tobacco, and any other tobacco products that the Agency by regulation deems to be subject to the law. With this final rule, FDA is extending the Agency's "tobacco product'' authorities in the FD&C Act to all other categories of products that meet the statutory definition of "tobacco product" in the FD&C Act, except accessories of such newly deemed tobacco products. This final rule also prohibits the sale of "covered tobacco products" to individuals under the age of 18 and requires the display of health warnings on cigarette tobacco, roll-your own tobacco, and covered tobacco product packages and in advertisements. FDA is taking this action to reduce the death and disease from tobacco products. In accordance with the Tobacco Control Act, we consider and intend the extension of our authorities over tobacco products and the various requirements and prohibitions established by this rule to be severable. PMID:27192730

  1. Deeming Tobacco Products To Be Subject to the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act, as Amended by the Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act; Restrictions on the Sale and Distribution of Tobacco Products and Required Warning Statements for Tobacco Products. Final rule.

    PubMed

    2016-05-10

    The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is issuing this final rule to deem products meeting the statutory definition of "tobacco product,'' except accessories of the newly deemed tobacco products, to be subject to the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (the FD&C Act), as amended by the Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act (Tobacco Control Act). The Tobacco Control Act provides FDA authority to regulate cigarettes, cigarette tobacco, roll-your-own tobacco, smokeless tobacco, and any other tobacco products that the Agency by regulation deems to be subject to the law. With this final rule, FDA is extending the Agency's "tobacco product'' authorities in the FD&C Act to all other categories of products that meet the statutory definition of "tobacco product" in the FD&C Act, except accessories of such newly deemed tobacco products. This final rule also prohibits the sale of "covered tobacco products" to individuals under the age of 18 and requires the display of health warnings on cigarette tobacco, roll-your own tobacco, and covered tobacco product packages and in advertisements. FDA is taking this action to reduce the death and disease from tobacco products. In accordance with the Tobacco Control Act, we consider and intend the extension of our authorities over tobacco products and the various requirements and prohibitions established by this rule to be severable.

  2. RIG-I is required for VSV-induced cytokine production by murine glia and acts in combination with DAI to initiate responses to HSV-1.

    PubMed

    Crill, Emma K; Furr-Rogers, Samantha R; Marriott, Ian

    2015-12-01

    A defining feature of viral central nervous system (CNS) infection is the rapid onset of severe neuroinflammation. However, the mechanisms underlying glial responses to replicative neurotropic viruses are only now becoming apparent with the discovery of a number of cytosolic sensors for viral nucleic acids. We have described the expression by murine and human glial cells of two disparate pattern recognition receptors, retinoic acid inducible gene-I (RIG-I) and DNA-dependent activator of interferon regulatory factors (DAI), receptors for viral RNA and DNA moieties, respectively. In the present study, we demonstrate the functional significance of RIG-I expression in primary murine microglia and astrocytes. Our data indicate that murine glial immune responses to a model neurotropic RNA virus, vesicular stomatitis virus, are RIG-I dependent and independent of levels of DAI expression or RNA polymerase III activity. In contrast, maximal glial inflammatory and antiviral responses to the DNA virus herpes simplex virus-1 (HSV-1) are dependent on the expression of both RIG-I and DAI, and require RNA polymerase III activity. These findings indicate that the RNA sensor, RIG-I, acts in parallel with DAI in an RNA polymerase III-dependent manner to initiate glial responses to HSV-1. We therefore suggest that RIG-I plays a significant role in the detection of both RNA and DNA pathogens by microglia and astrocytes.

  3. ACT and College Success

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bleyaert, Barbara

    2010-01-01

    What is the relationship between ACT scores and success in college? For decades, admissions policies in colleges and universities across the country have required applicants to submit scores from a college entrance exam, most typically the ACT (American College Testing) or SAT (Scholastic Aptitude Test). This requirement suggests that high school…

  4. No Child Left Behind Educational Options: Availability Expands, But Participation Remains Low. Research Brief

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Neumann, Michael J.

    2009-01-01

    As required by the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB), most school districts with low-performing schools offer public school choice and supplemental educational services. However, researchers found that, although the total number of students participating in both options has increased substantially since NCLB began, only a small proportion…

  5. The Impact of Competing Definitions of Quality on the Geographical Distribution of Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Choi, Daniel S.

    2010-01-01

    According to the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act, states are required "...to ensure that poor and minority children are not taught at higher rates than other children by inexperienced, unqualified, or out-of-field teachers..." Although the NCLB law and State Education Agencies (SEAs) currently offer very clear definitions of "highly-qualified"…

  6. Reauthorization of No Child Left Behind: Federal Management or Citizen Ownership of K-12 Education? Backgrounder No. 2047

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hickok, Eugene; Ladner, Matthew

    2007-01-01

    As Congress considers reauthorization of the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act of 2001 a fundamental question in the debate is whether to continue to increase federal government management authority over education or to restore citizen ownership of America's schools. Testing requirements in NCLB are having unintended consequences: by requiring…

  7. Rewriting the Book on Science Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Young, Betty

    2007-01-01

    Science testing, as mandated by the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act, has refocused attention on the quality of the K-8 science curriculum and instruction in many districts around the country. It has become clear that to improve quality, and meet NCLB requirements, elementary and middle schools must develop different teaching approaches and…

  8. The Effect of Class Size on Inclusion Student Academic Success

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arico, Anthony, III

    2011-01-01

    The No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) of 2001 is based on the principle that setting high academic expectations and establishing measurable goals can improve individual outcomes in education. Under NCLB, states are required to develop assessments in basic skills to be given to all students in certain grades if those states are to receive federal…

  9. The Relationship between the Student/Counselor Ratio and Schools' Success in Meeting Adequate Yearly Progress

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McIntosh, Gloria Sample

    2009-01-01

    In 2001, President George W. Bush signed the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) in an effort to improve the quality of education for all students and to ensure that students of disadvantaged circumstances were not unnoticed. School administrators in Mississippi are seeking ways to meet the requirements of NCLB and to increase the number of successful…

  10. Literacy Definer: The Role of the Reading Specialist in Problem Solving

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Helberg, Paula A.

    2010-01-01

    Two recent changes in federal law have made an impact on reading instruction in the United States, particularly for students for whom learning to read is difficult. The No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB), signed into law in 2002, requires that all students meet an achievement standard in reading by the year 2014. NCLB also recognizes that reading…

  11. Equity for Limited English Proficient Students Regarding Assessment and Effectiveness of Testing Accommodations: A Study of Third Graders

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Deysson, Sandra Lynn

    2013-01-01

    This study focused on the aspect of the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) and the Virginia Department of Education (VDOE) that require the inclusion of all limited English proficient (LEP) students in testing situations, simultaneously making an effort to close the achievement gap. NCLB indicates that each state is to assess students in a language…

  12. Secondary Inclusion: Strategies for Implementing the Consultative Teacher Model

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carpenter, Laura Bowden; Dyal, Allen

    2007-01-01

    Major reform is occurring across our nation in delivering services to students with disabilities in secondary schools. The impetus for such change is the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) and its challenges and implications for the secondary classroom. NCLB requires that all students be taught by a teacher who is highly qualified in the content area…

  13. 48 CFR 52.225-23 - Required Use of American Iron, Steel, and Manufactured Goods-Buy American Act-Construction...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Principe, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Solomon Islands, Somalia, Tanzania, Togo, Tuvalu, Uganda, Vanuatu, Yemen..., Tuvalu, Uganda, Vanuatu, Yemen, or Zambia). Recovery Act designated country construction material means...

  14. Determination of upstream boundary points on southeastern Washington streams and rivers under the requirements of the Shoreline Management Act of 1971

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Higgins, Johnna L.

    2003-01-01

    Regulation of the shorelines of the State of Washington, as mandated by the Shoreline Management Act of 1971, requires knowledge of the locations on streams and river reaches where specific regulatory criteria are satisfied. The U.S. Geological Survey conducted a study in 1971 to determine the upstream boundary points of these reaches for many of the State's streams and rivers. Updated upstream boundary points were determined in the current study for all the streams and rivers in southeastern Washington that fall under the jurisdiction of the Shoreline Management Act of 1971. Upstream boundary point locations where the mean annual discharge equals 20 cubic feet per second were determined for 149 streams. In addition, upstream boundary point locations where the mean annual discharge equals 200 cubic feet per second or the drainage area equals 300 square miles were determined for 22 rivers. Boundary point locations were determined by application of multiple-linear-regression equations that relate mean annual discharge to drainage area and mean annual precipitation. Southeastern Washington was divided into five hydrologically distinct regions, and a separate regression equation was developed for each region. The regression equations are based on data for gaging stations with at least 10 years of record. The number of stations in the regression analysis for each of the five regions ranged from 5 to 33. The coefficient of determination, R2, of the regression equations ranged from 0.953 to 0.997. The equation for the Upper Yakima region had the lowest standard error, ranging from -7 to +9 percent for a regression estimate of 20 cubic feet per second. The equation for the Columbia Basin to Palouse region had the highest standard error, ranging from -36 to +55 percent for a regression estimate of 20 cubic feet per second. The approximate error in the location of an upstream boundary point can be calculated using the variables mean annual precipitation of the basin upstream

  15. SCANS and the "Goals 2,000: Educate America Act"--External Validation for Expanding Communication Instruction Requirements across the Undergraduate Core Curriculum.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Newburger, Craig

    In 1989, President George Bush met with the nation's governors and the foundation was laid for the "Goals 2000: Educate America Act" (signed into law March 1994). The act provides funds to underwrite states' development and implementation of content and performance standards and associated assessment methodologies directed toward helping students…

  16. 75 FR 64773 - Study Required by Section 989G(b) of the Dodd-Frank Act Regarding Compliance With Section 404(b...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-20

    ... Exchange Act Rule 12b-2 . \\4\\ See, e.g., Release No. 33-9072 (Oct. 13, 2009) [74 FR 53628]; and Release 33... on risk and materiality, scalability, tailoring of testing to risk, and extent of permitted use...

  17. Elementary and Secondary Education Act: Potential Effects of Changing Comparability Requirements. Report to the Chairman, Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions, U.S. Senate. GAO-11-258

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scott, George A.

    2011-01-01

    For fiscal year 2010, Congress appropriated $14.5 billion for Title I, Part A of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (ESEA), which funds services to students in schools with high concentrations of students from low-income families. Title I, Part A includes several fiscal requirements, which are designed to prevent local school…

  18. Americans with Disabilities Act.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Updating School Board Policies, 1992

    1992-01-01

    Addressed to school board members, this article attempts to summarize requirements of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) and its implications for school districts. It warns against hasty purchase of private compliance assistance; then provides an overview of each of the Act's five Titles which address employment practices, activities…

  19. DEVELOPMENT OF WATER SUPPLY TECHNOLOGY TO MEET THE REQUIREMENTS OF THE U.S. SAFE DRINKING WATER ACT: TRENDS AND PROSPECTS

    EPA Science Inventory

    the passage of the US SDWA in 1974 has had a major impact on the way water is treated and delivered in the US. The Act established national drinking water regulations for more than 170,000 public drinking water systems serving over 250 million people in the US. Under the SDWA pub...

  20. A Study of the Experiences of Alternatively Certified Special Education Teachers Related to the Requirements of the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Veale, Natasha W.

    2010-01-01

    A No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 Title II audit found the state of North Carolina out of compliance with the definition of teacher quality for secondary special education teachers. The state specific Praxis exam and the Highly Objective, Uniform State Standard of Evaluation these teachers completed to earn certification to teach subject area…

  1. Sex Discrimination and Hair-Length Requirements Under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 -- the Long and Short of It

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Golden, H. Bruce

    1974-01-01

    Since the passage of Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, an employer's rights to establish dress and appearance standards for employees has been challenged with increasing frequency as a discriminatory employment practice based upon sex. The majority of such cases have concerned the right of male employees to wear their hair as long as that…

  2. Who Benefits? The Impact of Alternative Eligibility Requirements for Training Stipends in the Reemployment Act of 1994. Research Report 94-01.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Commission for Employment Policy (DOL), Washington, DC.

    A study used a special supplement of the Current Population Survey to examine the age, race, gender, and income effects of the unemployment eligibility and job tenure provisions in the Reemployment Act of 1994 (REA). Findings indicated that, at most, 45 percent of all dislocated workers would be eligible for income support during training. Because…

  3. ACT: Acting Out Central Theme.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kise, Joan Duff

    1982-01-01

    The author describes ACT (Acting Out Central Theme), a method for dealing with psychomotor, cognitive, and affective domains in slow readers. The ACT approach involves three sessions which focus on discussion of a theme such as friendship, presentaton of the theme as a skit, and assignment of topics to individual students. (SW)

  4. Act resilient.

    PubMed

    Joseph, Genie; Bice-Stephens, Wynona

    2014-01-01

    Attendees have reported changing from being fearful to serene, from listless to energized, from disengaged to connected, and becoming markedly less anxious in a few weeks. Anecdotally, self-reported stress levels have been reduced by over 50% after just one class. Attendees learn not to be afraid of their feelings by working with emotions in a playful manner. When a person can act angry, but separate himself from his personal story, the emotional energy exists in a separate form that is not attached to specific events, and can be more easily dealt with and neutralized. Attendees are taught to "take out the emotional trash" through expressive comedy. They become less intimated by their own emotional intensity and triggers as they learn how even metaphorical buckets of anger, shame, guilt and hurt can be emotionally emptied. The added benefit is that this is accomplished without the disclosure of personal information of the requirement to reexperience past pain which can trigger its own cascade of stress. PMID:24706248

  5. Hoxb-2 transcriptional activation in rhombomeres 3 and 5 requires an evolutionarily conserved cis-acting element in addition to the Krox-20 binding site.

    PubMed Central

    Vesque, C; Maconochie, M; Nonchev, S; Ariza-McNaughton, L; Kuroiwa, A; Charnay, P; Krumlauf, R

    1996-01-01

    Segmentation is a key feature of the development of the vertebrate hindbrain where it involves the generation of repetitive morphological units termed rhombomeres (r). Hox genes are likely to play an essential role in the specification of segmental identity and we have been investigating their regulation. We show here that the mouse and chicken Hoxb-2 genes are dependent for their expression in r3 and r5 on homologous enhancer elements and on binding to this enhancer of the r3/r5-specific transcriptional activator Krox-20. Among the three Krox-20 binding sites of the mouse Hoxb-2 enhancer, only the high-affinity site is absolutely necessary for activity. In contrast, we have identified an additional cis-acting element, Box1, essential for r3/r5 enhancer activity. It is conserved both in sequence and in position respective to the high-affinity Krox-20 binding site within the mouse and chicken enhancers. Furthermore, a short 44 bp sequence spanning the Box1 and Krox-20 sites can act as an r3/r5 enhancer when oligomerized. Box1 may therefore constitute a recognition sequence for another factor cooperating with Krox-20. Taken together, these data demonstrate the conservation of Hox gene regulation and of Krox-20 function during vertebrate evolution. Images PMID:8895582

  6. 48 CFR 50.205-1 - SAFETY Act Considerations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Fostering Effective Technologies Act of 2002 50.205-1 SAFETY Act Considerations. (a) SAFETY Act applicability. Requiring activities should review requirements to identify potential technologies that prevent... acquisitions involving such technologies, the requiring activity should ascertain through discussions with...

  7. The Clean Water Act

    SciTech Connect

    Piatt, J.

    1995-12-31

    The Federal Water Pollution Control Act, commonly called the Clean Water Act (CWA), was adopted on 18 October 1972. Since then it has been amended 18 times, the last amendments were adopted on 4 February 1987. As established, its objective is: to restore and maintain the chemical, physical, and biological integrity of the Nation`s waters. And has, as an interim goal: water quality which provides for the protection and propagation of fish, shellfish, and wildlife and provides for recreation in and on the water. It should be noted that Congress established as the Act`s ultimate goal: the discharge of pollutants into the navigable waters be eliminated. The Act set out to meet this lofty objective and goal through the development and implementation of controls on the point source discharges and the nonpoint source release of pollutants. The regulation of point and nonpoint sources as well as future requirements are discussed.

  8. The Impact of the Adequate Yearly Progress Requirement of the Federal "No Child Left Behind" Act on Schools in the Great Lakes Region. Technical Appendix

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wiley, Edward W.; Allen, Jessica

    2005-01-01

    This appendix describes the analytical procedures used to project the status of schools in the Great Lakes state toward meeting AYP (Adequate Yearly Progress) requirements from 2005 to 2014. To "make AYP," the school as a whole and each numerically significant subgroup must meet "Annual Measurable Objectives" (annual objectives). States set their…

  9. 20 CFR 652.210 - What are the Act's requirements for administration of the work test and assistance to UI claimants?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... establish the requirements under which UI claimants must register and search for work in order to fulfill... receive the necessary guidance and counseling to ensure they make a meaningful and realistic work search; and (3) UI program staff receive information about UI claimants' ability or availability for work,...

  10. 29 CFR 516.14 - Country elevator employees exempt from overtime pay requirements under section 13(b)(14) of the Act.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Country elevator employees exempt from overtime pay....14 Country elevator employees exempt from overtime pay requirements under section 13(b)(14) of the... names and occupations of all persons employed in the country elevator, whether or not covered by the...

  11. 29 CFR 516.14 - Country elevator employees exempt from overtime pay requirements under section 13(b)(14) of the Act.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Country elevator employees exempt from overtime pay....14 Country elevator employees exempt from overtime pay requirements under section 13(b)(14) of the... names and occupations of all persons employed in the country elevator, whether or not covered by the...

  12. ACT Test

    MedlinePlus

    ... this page helpful? Also known as: ACT; Activated Coagulation Time Formal name: Activated Clotting Time Related tests: ... in the blood called platelets and proteins called coagulation factors are activated in a sequence of steps ...

  13. Acting Atoms.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Farin, Susan Archie

    1997-01-01

    Describes a fun game in which students act as electrons, protons, and neutrons. This activity is designed to help students develop a concrete understanding of the abstract concept of atomic structure. (DKM)

  14. Comparison between Long- and Short-Acting Erythropoiesis-Stimulating Agents in the Period Required for Haemoglobin Stabilisation in Treatment of Anaemia in Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease.

    PubMed

    Hayashi, Takahiro; Nagamatsu, Tadashi; Matsushita, Ayako; Mizuno, Tomohiro; Nishibe, Seira; Noguchi, Ayaka; Kato, Rina; Toda, Takahiro; Tanaka, Junko; Takahashi, Hiroshi; Hayashi, Hiroki; Yuzawa, Yukio; Yamada, Shigeki

    2015-01-01

    Comparative studies of the potency of long- and short-acting erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (L-ESAs and S-ESAs) on erythropoietic activity in patients with chronic kidney disease without dialysis have not been performed, although L-ESAs are used in many countries. We performed a retrospective analysis of non-dialysis (ND) patients who had received L-ESA or S-ESA. More days were needed for the S-ESA-treated group (368 d) to reach the haemoglobin (Hb) reference range than for the L-ESA-treated group (126 d). Therefore, we investigated risk factors that influence the period until the Hb level reaches the reference range. Patients were classified into two groups by the period until the Hb level was stabilised within the reference range: the short- and long-term group. Two risk factors for delayed Hb stabilisation were identified: age ≥60 years; and administration of an S-ESA for initial treatment. These findings suggest that the Hb level should be carefully monitored during ESA therapy in elderly ND patients, and that the ESA dose should be increased or L-ESA therapy should be utilised to treat renal anaemia.

  15. Trefoil factor 3 is required for differentiation of thyroid follicular cells and acts as a context-dependent tumor suppressor.

    PubMed

    Abols, A; Ducena, K; Andrejeva, D; Sadovska, L; Zandberga, E; Vilmanis, J; Narbuts, Z; Tars, J; Eglitis, J; Pirags, V; Line, A

    2015-01-01

    Trefoil factor 3 (TFF3) is overexpressed in a variety of solid epithelial cancers, where it has been shown to promote migration, invasion, proliferation, survival and angiogenesis. On the contrary, in the majority of thyroid tumors, it is downregulated, yet its role in the development of thyroid cancer remains unknown. Here we show that TFF3 exhibits strong cytoplasmic staining of normal thyroid follicular cells and colloid and the staining is increased in hyperfunctioning thyroid nodules, while it is decreased in all thyroid cancers of follicular cell origin. By meta-analysis of gene expression datasets, we found that in the thyroid cancer, conversely to the breast cancer, the expression of TFF3 mRNA was downregulated by estrogen signaling and confirmed this by treating thyroid cancer cells with estradiol. Forced expression of TFF3 in anaplastic thyroid cancer cells resulted in decreased cell proliferation, clonal spheroid formation and entry into the S phase. Furthermore, it induced acquisition of epithelial-like cell morphology and expression of the differentiation markers of thyroid follicular cells and transcription factors implicated in the thyroid morphogenesis and function. Taken together, this study provides the first evidence that TFF3 may act as a tumor suppressor or an oncogene depending on the cellular context.

  16. Functional dissection of the cis-acting sequences of the Arabidopsis transposable element Tag1 reveals dissimilar subterminal sequence and minimal spacing requirements for transposition.

    PubMed Central

    Liu, D; Mack, A; Wang, R; Galli, M; Belk, J; Ketpura, N I; Crawford, N M

    2001-01-01

    The Arabidopsis transposon Tag1 has an unusual subterminal structure containing four sets of dissimilar repeats: one set near the 5' end and three near the 3' end. To determine sequence requirements for efficient and regulated transposition, deletion derivatives of Tag1 were tested in Arabidopsis plants. These tests showed that a 98-bp 5' fragment containing the 22-bp inverted repeat and four copies of the AAACCX (X = C, A, G) 5' subterminal repeat is sufficient for transposition while a 52-bp 5' fragment containing only one copy of the subterminal repeat is not. At the 3' end, a 109-bp fragment containing four copies of the most 3' repeat TGACCC, but not a 55-bp fragment, which has no copies of the subterminal repeats, is sufficient for transposition. The 5' and 3' end fragments are not functionally interchangeable and require an internal spacer DNA of minimal length between 238 and 325 bp to be active. Elements with these minimal requirements show transposition rates and developmental control of excision that are comparable to the autonomous Tag1 element. Last, a DNA-binding activity that interacts with the 3' 109-bp fragment but not the 5' 98-bp fragment of Tag1 was found in nuclear extracts of Arabidopsis plants devoid of Tag1. PMID:11156999

  17. cis-Acting Sequences Required for NtcB-Dependent, Nitrite-Responsive Positive Regulation of the Nitrate Assimilation Operon in the Cyanobacterium Synechococcus sp. Strain PCC 7942

    PubMed Central

    Maeda, Shin-Ichi; Kawaguchi, Yuriko; Ohe, Taka-Aki; Omata, Tatsuo

    1998-01-01

    There are three binding sites for NtcA (nirI, nirII, and nirIII), the global nitrogen regulator of cyanobacteria, in the DNA region between the two divergently transcribed operons (nirA and nirB operons) involved in nitrate assimilation in Synechococcus sp. strain PCC 7942. Using the luxAB reporter system, we showed that nirI and nirIII, which are located 23 bp upstream from the −10 promoter element of nirA and nirB, respectively, are required for induction by nitrogen depletion of the nirA and nirB operons, respectively. The induction of nirA operon transcription was a prerequisite for the nitrite-responsive positive regulation of the transcription by NtcB, a LysR-type protein. The NtcA-binding site nirII, located in the middle of the nirA-nirB intergenic region, and a potential binding site for a LysR-type protein (TGCAN5TGCA; designated L1), located between nirI and nirII, were required for the nitrite-responsive, NtcB-dependent enhancement of nirA operon transcription. Although the requirement for the L1 site was consistent with the involvement of the LysR family protein NtcB in transcriptional regulation, NtcB did not bind to the nirA regulatory region in vitro in the presence of nitrite and NtcA, suggesting the involvement of some additional factor(s) in the regulation. An L1-like inverted repeat with the consensus sequence TGCN7GCA was conserved in the nirA promoter region of cyanobacteria, being centered at position −23 with respect to the NtcA-binding site corresponding to nirI, which suggested the common occurrence of nitrite-responsive regulation of the nitrate assimilation operon among cyanobacteria. PMID:9696753

  18. SRC2-1 is required in PcINF1-induced pepper immunity by acting as an interacting partner of PcINF1.

    PubMed

    Liu, Zhi-qin; Qiu, Ai-lian; Shi, Lan-ping; Cai, Jin-sen; Huang, Xue-ying; Yang, Sheng; Wang, Bo; Shen, Lei; Huang, Mu-kun; Mou, Shao-liang; Ma, Xiao-Ling; Liu, Yan-yan; Lin, Lin; Wen, Jia-yu; Tang, Qian; Shi, Wei; Guan, De-yi; Lai, Yan; He, Shui-lin

    2015-07-01

    Elicitins are elicitors that can trigger hypersensitive cell death in most Nicotiana spp., but their underlying molecular mechanism is not well understood. The gene Phytophthora capsici INF1 (PcINF1) coding for an elicitin from P. capsici was characterized in this study. Transient overexpression of PcINF1 triggered cell death in pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) and was accompanied by upregulation of the hypersensitive response marker, Hypersensitive Induced Reaction gene 1 (HIR1), and the pathogenesis-related genes SAR82, DEF1, BPR1, and PO2. A putative PcINF1-interacting protein, SRC2-1, was isolated from a pepper cDNA library by yeast two-hybrid screening and was observed to target the plasma membrane. The interaction between PcINF1 and SRC2-1 was confirmed by bimolecular fluorescence complementation and co-immunoprecipitation. Simultaneous transient overexpression of SRC2-1 and PcINF1 in pepper plants triggered intensive cell death, whereas silencing of SRC2-1 by virus-induced gene silencing blocked the cell death induction of PcINF1 and increased the susceptibility of pepper plants to P. capsici infection. Additionally, membrane targeting of the PcINF1-SRC2-1 complex was required for cell death induction. The C2 domain of SRC2-1 was crucial for SRC2-1 plasma membrane targeting and the PcINF1-SRC2-1 interaction. These results suggest that SRC2-1 interacts with PcINF1 and is required in PcINF1-induced pepper immunity.

  19. National School Lunch Program and School Breakfast Program: Nutrition Standards for All Foods Sold in School as Required by the Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010. Final rule and interim final rule.

    PubMed

    2016-07-29

    This rule adopts as final, with some modifications, the National School Lunch Program and School Breakfast Program regulations set forth in the interim final rule published in the Federal Register on June 28, 2013. The requirements addressed in this rule conform to the provisions in the Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010 regarding nutrition standards for all foods sold in schools, other than food sold under the lunch and breakfast programs. Most provisions of this final rule were implemented on July 1, 2014, a full year subsequent to publication of the interim final rule. This was in compliance with section 208 of the Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010, which required that State and local educational agencies have at least one full school year from the date of publication of the interim final rule to implement the competitive food provisions. Based on comments received on the interim final rule and implementation experience, this final rule makes a few modifications to the nutrition standards for all foods sold in schools implemented on July 1, 2014. In addition, this final rule codifies specific policy guidance issued after publication of the interim rule. Finally, this rule retains the provision related to the standard for total fat as interim and requests further comment on this single standard.

  20. National School Lunch Program and School Breakfast Program: Nutrition Standards for All Foods Sold in School as Required by the Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010. Final rule and interim final rule.

    PubMed

    2016-07-29

    This rule adopts as final, with some modifications, the National School Lunch Program and School Breakfast Program regulations set forth in the interim final rule published in the Federal Register on June 28, 2013. The requirements addressed in this rule conform to the provisions in the Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010 regarding nutrition standards for all foods sold in schools, other than food sold under the lunch and breakfast programs. Most provisions of this final rule were implemented on July 1, 2014, a full year subsequent to publication of the interim final rule. This was in compliance with section 208 of the Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010, which required that State and local educational agencies have at least one full school year from the date of publication of the interim final rule to implement the competitive food provisions. Based on comments received on the interim final rule and implementation experience, this final rule makes a few modifications to the nutrition standards for all foods sold in schools implemented on July 1, 2014. In addition, this final rule codifies specific policy guidance issued after publication of the interim rule. Finally, this rule retains the provision related to the standard for total fat as interim and requests further comment on this single standard. PMID:27476195