Science.gov

Sample records for act retained earnings

  1. 47 CFR 32.4550 - Retained earnings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... FOR TELECOMMUNICATIONS COMPANIES Instructions for Balance Sheet Accounts § 32.4550 Retained earnings. (a) This account shall include the undistributed balance of retained earnings derived from...

  2. 12 CFR 1805.504 - Retained earnings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    .... Retained earnings accumulated after the end of the Applicant's most recent fiscal year ending prior to the... over the Applicant's most recent fiscal year (e.g., retained earnings at the end of fiscal year 2003... that has occurred over the Applicant's three most recent fiscal years. (c)(1) In the case of...

  3. 18 CFR 367.4390 - Account 439, Adjustments to retained earnings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Account 439, Adjustments to retained earnings. 367.4390 Section 367.4390 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL... ACT OF 2005, FEDERAL POWER ACT AND NATURAL GAS ACT UNIFORM SYSTEM OF ACCOUNTS FOR CENTRALIZED...

  4. 18 CFR 367.4390 - Account 439, Adjustments to retained earnings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Account 439, Adjustments to retained earnings. 367.4390 Section 367.4390 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL... ACT OF 2005, FEDERAL POWER ACT AND NATURAL GAS ACT UNIFORM SYSTEM OF ACCOUNTS FOR CENTRALIZED...

  5. 18 CFR 367.4390 - Account 439, Adjustments to retained earnings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Account 439, Adjustments to retained earnings. 367.4390 Section 367.4390 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL... ACT OF 2005, FEDERAL POWER ACT AND NATURAL GAS ACT UNIFORM SYSTEM OF ACCOUNTS FOR CENTRALIZED...

  6. 18 CFR 367.4390 - Account 439, Adjustments to retained earnings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Account 439, Adjustments to retained earnings. 367.4390 Section 367.4390 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL... ACT OF 2005, FEDERAL POWER ACT AND NATURAL GAS ACT UNIFORM SYSTEM OF ACCOUNTS FOR CENTRALIZED...

  7. 42 CFR 137.100 - May a Self-Governance Tribe retain and spend interest earned on any funds paid under a compact or...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false May a Self-Governance Tribe retain and spend... OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES TRIBAL SELF-GOVERNANCE Funding Interest Or Other Income on Transfers § 137.100 May a Self-Governance Tribe retain and spend interest earned on any funds paid under a...

  8. 42 CFR 137.100 - May a Self-Governance Tribe retain and spend interest earned on any funds paid under a compact or...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false May a Self-Governance Tribe retain and spend... OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES TRIBAL SELF-GOVERNANCE Funding Interest Or Other Income on Transfers § 137.100 May a Self-Governance Tribe retain and spend interest earned on any funds paid under a...

  9. 42 CFR 137.100 - May a Self-Governance Tribe retain and spend interest earned on any funds paid under a compact or...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false May a Self-Governance Tribe retain and spend... OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES TRIBAL SELF-GOVERNANCE Funding Interest Or Other Income on Transfers § 137.100 May a Self-Governance Tribe retain and spend interest earned on any funds paid under a...

  10. 42 CFR 137.100 - May a Self-Governance Tribe retain and spend interest earned on any funds paid under a compact or...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false May a Self-Governance Tribe retain and spend... OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES TRIBAL SELF-GOVERNANCE Funding Interest Or Other Income on Transfers § 137.100 May a Self-Governance Tribe retain and spend interest earned on any funds paid under a...

  11. 42 CFR 137.100 - May a Self-Governance Tribe retain and spend interest earned on any funds paid under a compact or...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false May a Self-Governance Tribe retain and spend... OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES TRIBAL SELF-GOVERNANCE Funding Interest Or Other Income on Transfers § 137.100 May a Self-Governance Tribe retain and spend interest earned on any funds paid under a...

  12. 42 CFR 137.110 - May a Self-Governance Tribe retain and expend any program income earned pursuant to a compact and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false May a Self-Governance Tribe retain and expend any... HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES TRIBAL SELF-GOVERNANCE Funding Program Income § 137.110 May a Self-Governance... Medicare, Medicaid, or other program income earned by a Self-Governance Tribe shall be treated...

  13. 42 CFR 137.110 - May a Self-Governance Tribe retain and expend any program income earned pursuant to a compact and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false May a Self-Governance Tribe retain and expend any... HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES TRIBAL SELF-GOVERNANCE Funding Program Income § 137.110 May a Self-Governance... Medicare, Medicaid, or other program income earned by a Self-Governance Tribe shall be treated...

  14. 42 CFR 137.110 - May a Self-Governance Tribe retain and expend any program income earned pursuant to a compact and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false May a Self-Governance Tribe retain and expend any... HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES TRIBAL SELF-GOVERNANCE Funding Program Income § 137.110 May a Self-Governance... Medicare, Medicaid, or other program income earned by a Self-Governance Tribe shall be treated...

  15. 42 CFR 137.110 - May a Self-Governance Tribe retain and expend any program income earned pursuant to a compact and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false May a Self-Governance Tribe retain and expend any... HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES TRIBAL SELF-GOVERNANCE Funding Program Income § 137.110 May a Self-Governance... Medicare, Medicaid, or other program income earned by a Self-Governance Tribe shall be treated...

  16. 42 CFR 137.110 - May a Self-Governance Tribe retain and expend any program income earned pursuant to a compact and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false May a Self-Governance Tribe retain and expend any... HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES TRIBAL SELF-GOVERNANCE Funding Program Income § 137.110 May a Self-Governance... Medicare, Medicaid, or other program income earned by a Self-Governance Tribe shall be treated...

  17. Retaining nurses in their employing hospitals and in the profession: effects of job preference, unpaid overtime, importance of earnings and stress.

    PubMed

    Zeytinoglu, Isik Urla; Denton, Margaret; Davies, Sharon; Baumann, Andrea; Blythe, Jennifer; Boos, Linda

    2006-11-01

    The purpose of this paper is to examine the effects of job preference, unpaid overtime, importance of earnings, and stress in retaining nurses in their employing hospitals and in the profession. Data come from our survey of 1396 nurses employed in three teaching hospitals in Southern Ontario, Canada. Data are analyzed first for all nurses, then separately for full-time, part-time, and casual nurses. Results show that the key to understanding the effects of these variables may be to pay attention to the work status of nurses. With regards to retaining nurses in their hospitals, working in their preferred type of job is important, particularly for part-time nurses. Working unpaid and longer than agreed hours is also a factor for increasing the likelihood of part-time nurses to leave the profession. All nurses are less inclined to leave as the importance of their earnings for the family increases, but it is particularly important for part-time nurses. Stress is an ongoing concern for retaining nurses in their hospitals and within the profession. We suggest managers and policy makers pay attention to employing nurses in jobs they prefer, decrease unpaid overtime, and consider the importance of earnings for them and their families in developing policies and programs to retain nurses. More importantly, stress levels should be lowered to retain nurses. PMID:16413945

  18. Retaining nurses in their employing hospitals and in the profession: effects of job preference, unpaid overtime, importance of earnings and stress.

    PubMed

    Zeytinoglu, Isik Urla; Denton, Margaret; Davies, Sharon; Baumann, Andrea; Blythe, Jennifer; Boos, Linda

    2006-11-01

    The purpose of this paper is to examine the effects of job preference, unpaid overtime, importance of earnings, and stress in retaining nurses in their employing hospitals and in the profession. Data come from our survey of 1396 nurses employed in three teaching hospitals in Southern Ontario, Canada. Data are analyzed first for all nurses, then separately for full-time, part-time, and casual nurses. Results show that the key to understanding the effects of these variables may be to pay attention to the work status of nurses. With regards to retaining nurses in their hospitals, working in their preferred type of job is important, particularly for part-time nurses. Working unpaid and longer than agreed hours is also a factor for increasing the likelihood of part-time nurses to leave the profession. All nurses are less inclined to leave as the importance of their earnings for the family increases, but it is particularly important for part-time nurses. Stress is an ongoing concern for retaining nurses in their hospitals and within the profession. We suggest managers and policy makers pay attention to employing nurses in jobs they prefer, decrease unpaid overtime, and consider the importance of earnings for them and their families in developing policies and programs to retain nurses. More importantly, stress levels should be lowered to retain nurses.

  19. 12 CFR 550.380 - May I earn compensation for acting in a fiduciary capacity?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false May I earn compensation for acting in a fiduciary capacity? 550.380 Section 550.380 Banks and Banking OFFICE OF THRIFT SUPERVISION, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY FIDUCIARY POWERS OF SAVINGS ASSOCIATIONS Exercising Fiduciary Powers Compensation,...

  20. 12 CFR 550.380 - May I earn compensation for acting in a fiduciary capacity?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false May I earn compensation for acting in a fiduciary capacity? 550.380 Section 550.380 Banks and Banking OFFICE OF THRIFT SUPERVISION, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY FIDUCIARY POWERS OF SAVINGS ASSOCIATIONS Exercising Fiduciary Powers Compensation,...

  1. 12 CFR 150.380 - May I earn compensation for acting in a fiduciary capacity?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false May I earn compensation for acting in a fiduciary capacity? 150.380 Section 150.380 Banks and Banking COMPTROLLER OF THE CURRENCY, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY FIDUCIARY POWERS OF FEDERAL SAVINGS ASSOCIATIONS Exercising Fiduciary Powers Compensation,...

  2. 12 CFR 550.380 - May I earn compensation for acting in a fiduciary capacity?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2014-01-01 2012-01-01 true May I earn compensation for acting in a fiduciary capacity? 550.380 Section 550.380 Banks and Banking OFFICE OF THRIFT SUPERVISION, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY FIDUCIARY POWERS OF SAVINGS ASSOCIATIONS Exercising Fiduciary Powers Compensation,...

  3. 12 CFR 550.380 - May I earn compensation for acting in a fiduciary capacity?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2013-01-01 2012-01-01 true May I earn compensation for acting in a fiduciary capacity? 550.380 Section 550.380 Banks and Banking OFFICE OF THRIFT SUPERVISION, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY FIDUCIARY POWERS OF SAVINGS ASSOCIATIONS Exercising Fiduciary Powers Compensation,...

  4. 12 CFR 150.380 - May I earn compensation for acting in a fiduciary capacity?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false May I earn compensation for acting in a fiduciary capacity? 150.380 Section 150.380 Banks and Banking COMPTROLLER OF THE CURRENCY, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY FIDUCIARY POWERS OF FEDERAL SAVINGS ASSOCIATIONS Exercising Fiduciary Powers Compensation,...

  5. 12 CFR 150.380 - May I earn compensation for acting in a fiduciary capacity?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false May I earn compensation for acting in a fiduciary capacity? 150.380 Section 150.380 Banks and Banking COMPTROLLER OF THE CURRENCY, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY FIDUCIARY POWERS OF FEDERAL SAVINGS ASSOCIATIONS Exercising Fiduciary Powers Compensation,...

  6. 12 CFR 550.380 - May I earn compensation for acting in a fiduciary capacity?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false May I earn compensation for acting in a fiduciary capacity? 550.380 Section 550.380 Banks and Banking OFFICE OF THRIFT SUPERVISION, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY FIDUCIARY POWERS OF SAVINGS ASSOCIATIONS Exercising Fiduciary Powers Compensation,...

  7. Closing the Door to Lost Earnings Under the National Childhood Vaccine Injury Act of 1986.

    PubMed

    Levin, Aaron

    2015-01-01

    After a wave of lawsuits against vaccine manufacturers hindered the profitability and production of life-saving vaccines, Congress enacted The National Childhood Vaccine Injury Act of 1986. The Act offers an incentive for individuals to get vaccinated in order to mitigate the population's exposure to disease, while encouraging the continued production of these serums by pharmaceutical companies. Although imperfect, the Vaccine Act fosters promise in filtering out frivolous claims and,provides a central route for due process to the individuals who suffer from a vaccine-related injury. By removing a potential state tort issue to the Federal Circuit, Congress created a reasonably justified avenue for the recovery of damages for injuries and adverse reactions to vaccines. However, this is not to say that the Act can't still be improved. Currently, the Act is silent on whether the death of a child from a vaccine-related injury, before a compensation decision is rendered, should bar the family from recovering for the child's lost earnings. Unless the victim demonstrates a stable source of income that they would have earned had their lives not been interrupted by the adverse reaction to the vaccine, the holding that a minor child may not recover for lost earnings is defensible. However, Congress should revise the statute to issue guidance to clarify its ambiguity. Under the current compensation regime, the standard is too arbitrary to decide that a child who dies before reaching the majority age of 18 has no earning potential. Any line Congress or the Supreme Court tries to draw will be arbitrary, but from an economic, policy, and legal perspective clarity and guidance can be offered to maintain greater flexibility through a case-by-case analysis and by applying the modern minimum wage in reference to the child's age. Independent from future earnings awards, Vaccine Act compensation should be amended to increase the cap on these damages to account for inflation since the

  8. Closing the Door to Lost Earnings Under the National Childhood Vaccine Injury Act of 1986.

    PubMed

    Levin, Aaron

    2015-01-01

    After a wave of lawsuits against vaccine manufacturers hindered the profitability and production of life-saving vaccines, Congress enacted The National Childhood Vaccine Injury Act of 1986. The Act offers an incentive for individuals to get vaccinated in order to mitigate the population's exposure to disease, while encouraging the continued production of these serums by pharmaceutical companies. Although imperfect, the Vaccine Act fosters promise in filtering out frivolous claims and,provides a central route for due process to the individuals who suffer from a vaccine-related injury. By removing a potential state tort issue to the Federal Circuit, Congress created a reasonably justified avenue for the recovery of damages for injuries and adverse reactions to vaccines. However, this is not to say that the Act can't still be improved. Currently, the Act is silent on whether the death of a child from a vaccine-related injury, before a compensation decision is rendered, should bar the family from recovering for the child's lost earnings. Unless the victim demonstrates a stable source of income that they would have earned had their lives not been interrupted by the adverse reaction to the vaccine, the holding that a minor child may not recover for lost earnings is defensible. However, Congress should revise the statute to issue guidance to clarify its ambiguity. Under the current compensation regime, the standard is too arbitrary to decide that a child who dies before reaching the majority age of 18 has no earning potential. Any line Congress or the Supreme Court tries to draw will be arbitrary, but from an economic, policy, and legal perspective clarity and guidance can be offered to maintain greater flexibility through a case-by-case analysis and by applying the modern minimum wage in reference to the child's age. Independent from future earnings awards, Vaccine Act compensation should be amended to increase the cap on these damages to account for inflation since the

  9. RETAIN Act

    THOMAS, 112th Congress

    Rep. Baca, Joe [D-CA-43

    2012-05-08

    09/26/2012 Referred to the Subcommittee on Early Childhood, Elementary, and Secondary Education. (All Actions) Tracker: This bill has the status IntroducedHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  10. [Decrease of earning capacity. Results of evaluation of proposals for the estimation of earning capacity decrease in occupational disease according to No.5101 of the Occupational Diseases Act].

    PubMed

    Kühl, M

    1978-01-01

    The table elaborated for estimating the diminution of earning capacity has proved useful. A questionnaire programme revealed that classification of occupational dermatological disorders becomes a problem as soon as insurance-legal factors have to be considered.

  11. 12 CFR 150.390 - May my officer or employee retain compensation for acting as a co-fiduciary?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false May my officer or employee retain compensation for acting as a co-fiduciary? 150.390 Section 150.390 Banks and Banking COMPTROLLER OF THE CURRENCY, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY FIDUCIARY POWERS OF FEDERAL SAVINGS ASSOCIATIONS Exercising Fiduciary...

  12. 12 CFR 550.390 - May my officer or employee retain compensation for acting as a co-fiduciary?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false May my officer or employee retain compensation for acting as a co-fiduciary? 550.390 Section 550.390 Banks and Banking OFFICE OF THRIFT SUPERVISION, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY FIDUCIARY POWERS OF SAVINGS ASSOCIATIONS Exercising Fiduciary Powers...

  13. 12 CFR 150.390 - May my officer or employee retain compensation for acting as a co-fiduciary?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false May my officer or employee retain compensation for acting as a co-fiduciary? 150.390 Section 150.390 Banks and Banking COMPTROLLER OF THE CURRENCY, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY FIDUCIARY POWERS OF FEDERAL SAVINGS ASSOCIATIONS Exercising Fiduciary...

  14. 12 CFR 550.390 - May my officer or employee retain compensation for acting as a co-fiduciary?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2014-01-01 2012-01-01 true May my officer or employee retain compensation for acting as a co-fiduciary? 550.390 Section 550.390 Banks and Banking OFFICE OF THRIFT SUPERVISION, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY FIDUCIARY POWERS OF SAVINGS ASSOCIATIONS Exercising Fiduciary Powers...

  15. 12 CFR 150.390 - May my officer or employee retain compensation for acting as a co-fiduciary?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false May my officer or employee retain compensation for acting as a co-fiduciary? 150.390 Section 150.390 Banks and Banking COMPTROLLER OF THE CURRENCY, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY FIDUCIARY POWERS OF FEDERAL SAVINGS ASSOCIATIONS Exercising Fiduciary...

  16. 12 CFR 550.390 - May my officer or employee retain compensation for acting as a co-fiduciary?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2013-01-01 2012-01-01 true May my officer or employee retain compensation for acting as a co-fiduciary? 550.390 Section 550.390 Banks and Banking OFFICE OF THRIFT SUPERVISION, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY FIDUCIARY POWERS OF SAVINGS ASSOCIATIONS Exercising Fiduciary Powers...

  17. 12 CFR 550.390 - May my officer or employee retain compensation for acting as a co-fiduciary?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false May my officer or employee retain compensation for acting as a co-fiduciary? 550.390 Section 550.390 Banks and Banking OFFICE OF THRIFT SUPERVISION, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY FIDUCIARY POWERS OF SAVINGS ASSOCIATIONS Exercising Fiduciary Powers...

  18. 12 CFR 550.390 - May my officer or employee retain compensation for acting as a co-fiduciary?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false May my officer or employee retain compensation for acting as a co-fiduciary? 550.390 Section 550.390 Banks and Banking OFFICE OF THRIFT SUPERVISION, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY FIDUCIARY POWERS OF SAVINGS ASSOCIATIONS Exercising Fiduciary Powers...

  19. 40 CFR 35.925-17 - Retained amounts for reconstruction and expansion.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... expansion. 35.925-17 Section 35.925-17 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GRANTS AND... Water Act § 35.925-17 Retained amounts for reconstruction and expansion. That the allowable project... retains for future reconstruction and expansion under § 35.928-2(a)(2)(ii), together with interest earned....

  20. 40 CFR 35.925-17 - Retained amounts for reconstruction and expansion.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... expansion. 35.925-17 Section 35.925-17 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GRANTS AND... Water Act § 35.925-17 Retained amounts for reconstruction and expansion. That the allowable project... retains for future reconstruction and expansion under § 35.928-2(a)(2)(ii), together with interest earned....

  1. 40 CFR 35.925-17 - Retained amounts for reconstruction and expansion.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... expansion. 35.925-17 Section 35.925-17 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GRANTS AND... Water Act § 35.925-17 Retained amounts for reconstruction and expansion. That the allowable project... retains for future reconstruction and expansion under § 35.928-2(a)(2)(ii), together with interest earned....

  2. 40 CFR 35.925-17 - Retained amounts for reconstruction and expansion.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... expansion. 35.925-17 Section 35.925-17 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GRANTS AND... Water Act § 35.925-17 Retained amounts for reconstruction and expansion. That the allowable project... retains for future reconstruction and expansion under § 35.928-2(a)(2)(ii), together with interest earned....

  3. 40 CFR 35.925-17 - Retained amounts for reconstruction and expansion.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... expansion. 35.925-17 Section 35.925-17 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GRANTS AND... Water Act § 35.925-17 Retained amounts for reconstruction and expansion. That the allowable project... retains for future reconstruction and expansion under § 35.928-2(a)(2)(ii), together with interest earned....

  4. Earned Media

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sunshine, Alice

    2011-01-01

    "Earned media" is exactly what one thinks it is. The people who do the necessary work to earn coverage of their issue or battle are the ones who will get their story out to the public. Earning media coverage involves giving careful attention to the mechanics of reaching out to news outlets. Most people can learn the mechanics through workshops,…

  5. Evaluating the initial impact of eliminating the retirement earnings test.

    PubMed

    Song, Jae G

    Under the retirement earnings test, Social Security benefits are reduced if earnings exceed specified amounts, although the benefit reduction is partly offset by future benefit increases. By imposing a tax on the earnings of beneficiaries, the earnings test provided a disincentive for them to supplement retirement income by working. The Senior Citizens Freedom to Work Act of 2000 eliminated the earnings test for Social Security beneficiaries who have reached the full retirement age. This article presents the first study of labor force activity (earnings and employment) among individuals aged 65-69 before and immediately after this sudden rule change. Drawing on Social Security administrative data, the author examines three widely expected reactions: increased return to work, increased hours worked, and accelerated applications for old-age benefits. The analysis finds that removing the retirement earnings test: Encouraged some workers to increase their earnings. The increases in earnings are large and significant among higher earners but are not statistically significant among lower earners. Had little effect on employment. Removing the earnings test appears to have had no immediate, significant effect on the employment rate of older workers. Employment of older people may be affected in the longer run, however. Slightly increased the pace of applications for benefits. Applications rose about 2 percent in the 65-69 age group in 2000. The overall acceleration will probably be small, however, because most individuals in this age group apply for benefits before reaching the full retirement age. Although the current analysis captures the effects of retaining older workers in the labor force, these initial results may not capture all the effects of eliminating the retirement earnings test, however, for two reasons. First, the analysis covers only a single year--the year the earnings test was eliminated. Since eliminating the earnings test may have had little effect on

  6. Rate-limiting steps of a stereochemistry retaining β-d-xylosidase from Geobacillus stearothermophilus acting on four substrates.

    PubMed

    Jordan, Douglas B; Braker, Jay D

    2015-10-01

    Kinetic experiments of GSXynB2, a GH52 retaining β-xylosidase, acting on 2-nitrophenyl-β-d-xylopyranoside (2NPX), 4-nitrophenyl-β-d-xylopyranoside (4NPX), 4-methylumbelliferyl-β-d-xylopyranoside (MuX) and xylobiose (X2) were conducted at pH 7.0 and 25 °C. Catalysis proceeds in two steps (xylodidation followed by dexylosidation): E + substrate TO E-xylose + leaving group TO E + xylose. kcat falls into two groups: 4NPX (1.95 s(-1)) and 2NPX, MuX and X2 (15.8 s(-1), 12.6 s(-1), 12.8 s(-1), respectively). Dexylosylation (E-xylose to E + xylose), the common step for the enzymatic hydrolysis of the four substrates, must exceed 15.8 s(-1). kcat of 4NPX would seem mainly limited by xylosylation (step 1) and the other three substrates would seem mainly limited by dexylosylation (step 2) - a conclusion that critically lacks chemical justification (compare 4NPX and 2NPX). Presteady-state rates indicate rapid xylosidation rates for all substrates so a later step (not dexylosidation) is rate-limiting for 4NPX. That 2NPX is an onlier and 4NPX is an outlier (both leaving group pKa of 7.2) of the Brønsted plot pattern (logkcat vs pKa of phenol leaving group) is thus possibly explained by 4NP release. The pH dependency of kcat 2NPX encompasses 2 bell-shaped curves with peaks of pH 3 and pH 7. PMID:26271441

  7. Rate-limiting steps of stereochemistry retaining ß-D-xylosidase from Geobacillus stearothermophilus acting as substrates

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Kinetic experiments of GSXynB2, a ß-xylosidase, acting on 2-nitrophenyl-ß-D-xylopyranoside (2NPX), 4-nitrophenyl-ß-D-xylopyranoside (4NPX), 4-methylumbelliferyl-ß-D-xylopyanoside (MuX) and xylobiose (X2) were conducted at pH 7.0 and 25 °C. Catalysis proceeds in two steps: E + substrate TO E-xylose ...

  8. 20 CFR 225.14 - Railroad Earnings Dual Benefit PIA.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2014-04-01 2012-04-01 true Railroad Earnings Dual Benefit PIA. 225.14 Section 225.14 Employees' Benefits RAILROAD RETIREMENT BOARD REGULATIONS UNDER THE RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT... Annuities § 225.14 Railroad Earnings Dual Benefit PIA. (a) General. The Railroad Earnings Dual Benefit...

  9. 20 CFR 225.14 - Railroad Earnings Dual Benefit PIA.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Railroad Earnings Dual Benefit PIA. 225.14 Section 225.14 Employees' Benefits RAILROAD RETIREMENT BOARD REGULATIONS UNDER THE RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT... Annuities § 225.14 Railroad Earnings Dual Benefit PIA. (a) General. The Railroad Earnings Dual Benefit...

  10. 20 CFR 225.14 - Railroad Earnings Dual Benefit PIA.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Railroad Earnings Dual Benefit PIA. 225.14 Section 225.14 Employees' Benefits RAILROAD RETIREMENT BOARD REGULATIONS UNDER THE RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT... Annuities § 225.14 Railroad Earnings Dual Benefit PIA. (a) General. The Railroad Earnings Dual Benefit...

  11. 20 CFR 225.14 - Railroad Earnings Dual Benefit PIA.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2013-04-01 2012-04-01 true Railroad Earnings Dual Benefit PIA. 225.14 Section 225.14 Employees' Benefits RAILROAD RETIREMENT BOARD REGULATIONS UNDER THE RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT... Annuities § 225.14 Railroad Earnings Dual Benefit PIA. (a) General. The Railroad Earnings Dual Benefit...

  12. 20 CFR 225.14 - Railroad Earnings Dual Benefit PIA.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Railroad Earnings Dual Benefit PIA. 225.14 Section 225.14 Employees' Benefits RAILROAD RETIREMENT BOARD REGULATIONS UNDER THE RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT... Annuities § 225.14 Railroad Earnings Dual Benefit PIA. (a) General. The Railroad Earnings Dual Benefit...

  13. Bicruciate retaining

    PubMed Central

    2016-01-01

    Total knee replacement (TKR) is a procedure used to treat knee arthropathy. Patients’ dissatisfaction is still relevant (literature reports dissatisfaction rates as high as 40%). The anterior cruciate ligament is usually removed while performing a total knee arthroplasty, thus changing knee biomechanics. As patients’ mean age to surgery is decreasing, bicruciate retaining models, which preserve normal biomechanics, may be useful in increasing patients’ outcomes. Limited data concerning bicruciate retaining arthroplasty is available; although clinical results are encouraging, there are concerns regarding surgical exposure, anterior cruciate integrity evaluation, and implant fixation. PMID:27162778

  14. Women's Earnings: An Overview.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bowler, Mary

    1999-01-01

    Over the past 20 years, women's real earnings rose whereas those of men declined. Even as the gender pay gap narrowed, earnings differences between white women and black and Hispanic women continued to grow. (Author)

  15. Health, obesity, and earnings.

    PubMed Central

    McLean, R A; Moon, M

    1980-01-01

    Published reports and economic theory suggest that a worker's earnings may be affected by his degree of obesity. The purpose of this research was to estimate the size of such an effect. The earnings-obesity hypothesis was tested with data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Mature Men. Results of the test suggest that, for members of that sample, there is no earnings-depressant effect due to obesity. PMID:7406084

  16. Research on immigrant earnings.

    PubMed

    Duleep, Harriet Orcutt; Dowhan, Daniel J

    2008-01-01

    As the first in a trio of pieces devoted to incorporating immigration into policy models, this review of research on immigrant earnings trajectories brings to light several findings. Controlling for demographic and human capital characteristics, immigrants often start their U.S. lives at substantially lower earnings, but experience faster earnings growth than natives with comparable years of education and experience. The extent to which the earnings trajectories of immigrants and natives differ varies by country of origin, with the source-country's level of economic development being a key determinant of the size of the U.S.-born/ foreign-born difference. The earnings profiles of immigrants from economically developed countries such as Japan, Canada, or Western Europe resemble those of U.S. natives who are of the same age and education level. In contrast, the earnings of immigrants from developing nations tend to start well below those of U.S. natives with comparable education levels and experience, but rise more rapidly than their U.S. counterparts. Comparing the earnings profiles of immigrants of similar age, sex, and years of schooling, over time and across groups, a strong inverse relationship emerges between their initial earnings and their subsequent U.S. earnings growth. In other words, the lower (higher) the initial earnings are, the higher (lower) the earnings growth. These and other research results have important implications for the projection of immigrant earnings and emigration in microsimulation models, as discussed in the two articles following this one: (1) "Adding Immigrants to Microsimulation Models" and (2) "Incorporating Immigrant Flows into Microsimulation Models".

  17. Recovery Act Education Programs: Funding Retained Teachers, but Education Could More Consistently Communicate Stabilization Monitoring Issues. Report to Congress. GAO-11-804

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scott, George A.

    2011-01-01

    The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (Recovery Act) provided $70.3 billion for three education programs--the State Fiscal Stabilization Fund (SFSF); Title I, Part A of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (Title I); and Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), Part B. One goal of the Recovery Act was to save and…

  18. 5 CFR 582.401 - Aggregate disposable earnings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Aggregate disposable earnings. 582.401 Section 582.401 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS... Aggregate disposable earnings. In accordance with the Consumer Credit Protection Act, the...

  19. 75 FR 11998 - Open meeting of the Taxpayer Advocacy Panel Earned Income Tax Credit Issue Committee

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-12

    ... Internal Revenue Service Open meeting of the Taxpayer Advocacy Panel Earned Income Tax Credit Issue... meeting of the Taxpayer Advocacy Panel Earned Income Tax Credit Issue Committee will be conducted. The... Act, 5 U.S.C. App. (1988) that an open meeting of the Taxpayer Advocacy Panel Earned Income Tax...

  20. 76 FR 10944 - Open Meeting of the Taxpayer Advocacy Panel Earned Income Tax Credit Project Committee

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-28

    ... Internal Revenue Service Open Meeting of the Taxpayer Advocacy Panel Earned Income Tax Credit Project... meeting of the Taxpayer Advocacy Panel Earned Income Tax Credit Project Committee will be conducted. The... Committee Act, 5 U.S.C. App. (1988) that an open meeting of the Taxpayer Advocacy Panel Earned Income...

  1. Personality, Education and Earnings

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Silles, Mary A.

    2010-01-01

    Economists are only beginning to understand the relationship between personality traits and economic outcomes. This paper examines the influence of childhood social maladjustment on cognitive development, labor market earnings and career progression using longitudinal data drawn from the National Child Development Study. Net of differences in…

  2. Learn to Earn Act of 2011

    THOMAS, 112th Congress

    Rep. Loebsack, David [D-IA-2

    2011-11-16

    03/29/2012 Referred to the Subcommittee on Early Childhood, Elementary, and Secondary Education. (All Actions) Tracker: This bill has the status IntroducedHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  3. Retainer for laboratory animals

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lee, R. W.

    1979-01-01

    Bio-retainer holds laboratory animals in fixed position for research and clinical experiments. Retainer allows full access to animals and can be rapidly opened and closed to admit and release specimens.

  4. Postretirement earnings relative to preretirement earnings: gender and racial differences.

    PubMed

    Ozawa, Martha N; Hong, Baeg-Eui

    2006-01-01

    As the social security program comes under increasing financial pressure in the coming decades, the federal government will encourage elderly people to continue to work. Data from the Social Security Administration indicate that earnings are already a sizable component of retirement income. But there is public concern about how women and minorities will fare economically in this changing policy environment. To what extent can women and minorities keep earning money after they reach retirement age? This article presents the results of a study that investigated the postretirement earnings, relative to the preretirement earnings, of women and minorities, and compared the results with those for men and whites. The major finding, based on regression analyses, was that women's postretirement earnings, relative to their preretirement earnings, were greater than those of men. Furthermore, the regression results indicate that nonwhites' postretirement earnings could not be predicted by their preretirement earnings or by any of the independent variables used in the study, including age, gender, education, marital status, number of children, occupation, and preretirement earnings.

  5. Earned Value-Added

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Jansen, Michael

    2005-01-01

    Earned value management [EVM] ...either you swear by it, or swear at it. Either way, there s no getting around the fact that EVM can be one of the most efficient and insightful methods of synthesizing cost, schedule, and technical status information into a single set of program health metrics. Is there a way of implementing EVM that allows a program to reap its early warning benefits while avoiding the pitfalls that make it infamous to its detractors? That s the question recently faced by the International Space Station [ISS] program.

  6. Education and Earnings in Paraguay.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Psacharopoulos, George; And Others

    1994-01-01

    Uses 1990 Household Survey data for Paraguay to analyze the education-earnings relationship. Human capital characteristics account for about 40% of individual earnings variance; each extra year of schooling yields a private return rate of 11.5%. Social and private return rates are highest for primary education, followed by secondary education.…

  7. 49 CFR 526.5 - Earning offsetting monetary credits in future model years.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 6 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Earning offsetting monetary credits in future... UNDER THE AUTOMOBILE FUEL EFFICIENCY ACT OF 1980 § 526.5 Earning offsetting monetary credits in future model years. Each plan submitted under section 502(l) of the Motor Vehicle Information and Cost...

  8. 49 CFR 526.5 - Earning offsetting monetary credits in future model years.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 6 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Earning offsetting monetary credits in future... UNDER THE AUTOMOBILE FUEL EFFICIENCY ACT OF 1980 § 526.5 Earning offsetting monetary credits in future model years. Each plan submitted under section 502(l) of the Motor Vehicle Information and Cost...

  9. 49 CFR 526.5 - Earning offsetting monetary credits in future model years.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 6 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Earning offsetting monetary credits in future... UNDER THE AUTOMOBILE FUEL EFFICIENCY ACT OF 1980 § 526.5 Earning offsetting monetary credits in future model years. Each plan submitted under section 502(l) of the Motor Vehicle Information and Cost...

  10. 5 CFR 839.1003 - How will OPM compute the amount of lost earnings?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... ERRONEOUS RETIREMENT COVERAGE CORRECTIONS ACT Lost Earnings for Certain Make-up Contributions to the TSP... computed in accordance with the Board's lost earnings regulations (5 CFR 1606 of chapter VI). However, the... practicable to the amount computed under 5 CFR 1606 of chapter VI. (b) Your employer is required to submit...

  11. 5 CFR 839.1003 - How will OPM compute the amount of lost earnings?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... ERRONEOUS RETIREMENT COVERAGE CORRECTIONS ACT Lost Earnings for Certain Make-up Contributions to the TSP... computed in accordance with the Board's lost earnings regulations (5 CFR 1606 of chapter VI). However, the... practicable to the amount computed under 5 CFR 1606 of chapter VI. (b) Your employer is required to submit...

  12. 5 CFR 839.1003 - How will OPM compute the amount of lost earnings?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... ERRONEOUS RETIREMENT COVERAGE CORRECTIONS ACT Lost Earnings for Certain Make-up Contributions to the TSP... computed in accordance with the Board's lost earnings regulations (5 CFR 1606 of chapter VI). However, the... practicable to the amount computed under 5 CFR 1606 of chapter VI. (b) Your employer is required to submit...

  13. 5 CFR 839.1003 - How will OPM compute the amount of lost earnings?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... ERRONEOUS RETIREMENT COVERAGE CORRECTIONS ACT Lost Earnings for Certain Make-up Contributions to the TSP... computed in accordance with the Board's lost earnings regulations (5 CFR 1606 of chapter VI). However, the... practicable to the amount computed under 5 CFR 1606 of chapter VI. (b) Your employer is required to submit...

  14. Evaluating the Impact of CETA on Participant Earnings.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bryant, Edward C.; Rupp, Kalman

    1987-01-01

    Estimates of the Comprehensive Employment and Training Act's net impact on participant earnings, using Continuous Longitudinal Manpower Survey data, were compared to a similar sample from the Current Population Survey. The use of multivariate matching and weighting yielded acceptable results. (GDC)

  15. 20 CFR 302.4 - Nonqualifying earnings or payments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... Section 302.4 Employees' Benefits RAILROAD RETIREMENT BOARD REGULATIONS UNDER THE RAILROAD UNEMPLOYMENT... organization; (b) Tips; (c) Payments under nongovernmental plans for unemployment, maternity or sickness... lost; (e) Wages from employment that is subject to the Federal Unemployment Tax Act; (f) Earnings...

  16. 20 CFR 302.4 - Nonqualifying earnings or payments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... Section 302.4 Employees' Benefits RAILROAD RETIREMENT BOARD REGULATIONS UNDER THE RAILROAD UNEMPLOYMENT... organization; (b) Tips; (c) Payments under nongovernmental plans for unemployment, maternity or sickness... lost; (e) Wages from employment that is subject to the Federal Unemployment Tax Act; (f) Earnings...

  17. 20 CFR 302.4 - Nonqualifying earnings or payments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... Section 302.4 Employees' Benefits RAILROAD RETIREMENT BOARD REGULATIONS UNDER THE RAILROAD UNEMPLOYMENT... organization; (b) Tips; (c) Payments under nongovernmental plans for unemployment, maternity or sickness... lost; (e) Wages from employment that is subject to the Federal Unemployment Tax Act; (f) Earnings...

  18. 20 CFR 302.4 - Nonqualifying earnings or payments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... Section 302.4 Employees' Benefits RAILROAD RETIREMENT BOARD REGULATIONS UNDER THE RAILROAD UNEMPLOYMENT... organization; (b) Tips; (c) Payments under nongovernmental plans for unemployment, maternity or sickness... lost; (e) Wages from employment that is subject to the Federal Unemployment Tax Act; (f) Earnings...

  19. 20 CFR 302.4 - Nonqualifying earnings or payments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... Section 302.4 Employees' Benefits RAILROAD RETIREMENT BOARD REGULATIONS UNDER THE RAILROAD UNEMPLOYMENT... organization; (b) Tips; (c) Payments under nongovernmental plans for unemployment, maternity or sickness... lost; (e) Wages from employment that is subject to the Federal Unemployment Tax Act; (f) Earnings...

  20. 20 CFR 410.530 - Reductions; excess earnings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Reductions; excess earnings. 410.530 Section 410.530 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION FEDERAL COAL MINE HEALTH AND SAFETY ACT OF 1969, TITLE IV-BLACK LUNG BENEFITS (1969- ) Payment of Benefits § 410.530 Reductions; excess...

  1. 20 CFR 410.530 - Reductions; excess earnings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Reductions; excess earnings. 410.530 Section 410.530 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION FEDERAL COAL MINE HEALTH AND SAFETY ACT OF 1969, TITLE IV-BLACK LUNG BENEFITS (1969- ) Payment of Benefits § 410.530 Reductions; excess...

  2. Privacy Act of 1974; matching program--HCFA. Notice of a matching program--the Internal Revenue Service (IRS), the Social Security Administration (SSA), and HCFA--disclosure of IRS taxpayer identity and filing status information to be matched with SSA earned income information for Medicare beneficiaries and their spouses.

    PubMed

    1990-09-21

    As required by Section 6202 of the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1989 (OBRA 1989), Public Law 101-239, the Department of Health and Human Services is providing public notice that the IRS and the SSA will disclose certain information regarding the taxpayer identification and filing status and the earned income of Medicare beneficiaries and their spouses for HCFA's use in identifying Medicare secondary payer (MSP) situations. This will enable HCFA to seek recovery of identified mistaken payments that were the liability of another primary insurer or other type of payer. The matching report set forth below is in compliance with the Computer Matching and Privacy Protection Act of 1988 (Pub. L. No. 100-503). PMID:10107026

  3. How have people responded to changes in the retirement earnings test in 2000?

    PubMed

    Song, Jae G; Manchester, Joyce

    2007-01-01

    This article describes responses to removing the retirement earnings test in 2000 for persons at the full retirement age or older. We examine annual earnings and retirement benefit claims from Social Security administrative data that cover the 4 years before and after the change. Three findings emerge from the study. First, the effect on earnings of removing the earnings test is uneven across people with different earnings levels. We find little effect on earnings at lower levels, but the effect on earnings in the mid to upper levels (50th to 80th percentiles) is large and significant. Such a finding indicates that the removal most affects people with earnings levels above the earnings test threshold. The largest increases in earnings are found at the 70th percentile for persons who have attained ages 65-69 and at the 60th percentile for those turning 65. Second, there is no clear evidence of the effect of the test's removal on the overall rate of labor force participation. A small rise in work participation among individuals aged 65-69 may be at least partially attributable to the trend already under way. Increases in work participation that do occur are mostly attributable to retaining older workers rather than inducing older workers back into the workforce. The effect appears to increase over time, suggesting that the removal has long-lasting effects on work participation. Third, the removal of the earnings test accelerated applications for benefits by 2 to 5 percentage points among individuals aged 65-69 and by 3 to 7 percentage points among those reaching age 65.

  4. 49 CFR 526.5 - Earning offsetting monetary credits in future model years.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... UNDER THE AUTOMOBILE FUEL EFFICIENCY ACT OF 1980 § 526.5 Earning offsetting monetary credits in future... the petitioner's fleet affected by each product action (e.g., all K-cars with 6-cylinder engines)...

  5. Thoughts on Earned Value Assessments

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Pido, Kelle

    2009-01-01

    This slide presentation reviews the concepts of Earned Value reporting and Earned Value Metrics (EVM) and the implementation for the Constellation Program. EVM is used to manage both the contract and civil service workforce, and used as a measure of contractor costs and performance. The Program EVM is not as useful for Level of Effort tasking, for either contractor, or civil service employees. Some issues and concerns in reference to EVM and the process for the use of EVM for Mission assurance are reviewed,

  6. Demographic cycles, cohort size, and earnings.

    PubMed

    Berger, M C

    1989-05-01

    This article examines whether position in the demographic cycle is an important factor in determining earnings and earnings growth. Earnings equations for white males are estimated by using March Current Population Survey data. Position in the demographic cycle is captured by including both measures of own cohort size and the size of surrounding cohorts in the estimated earnings equations. Position in the demographic cycle matters. Increases in own cohort size lead to flatter earnings profiles, whereas increases in the size of surrounding cohorts are associated with steeper earnings profiles. The net effect is that those who enter the labor market before or after the peak of the demographic cycle start out with lower earnings but experience faster earnings growth. This pattern is uniform across all schooling groups: high school dropouts, high school graduates, those with some college, and college graduates.

  7. The Black- White Earnings Gap

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Christensen, Sandra; Bernard, Keith

    1974-01-01

    Using projected labor force data (race, sex, and education) nondiscriminatory and discriminatory black-white occupational patterns and earnings ratios are defined to the year 2000. Rather than realistic estimates, the projections are designed as standards to measure progress in eliminating racial discrimination in the labor market. (EA)

  8. The retained placenta.

    PubMed

    Weeks, Andrew D

    2008-12-01

    The incidence and importance of retained placenta (RP) varies greatly around the world. In less developed countries, it affects about 0.1% of deliveries but has up to 10% case fatality rate. In more developed countries, it is more common (about 3% of vaginal deliveries) but very rarely associated with mortality. There are three main types of retained placenta following the vagina delivery: placenta adherens (when there is failed contraction of the myometrium behind the placenta), trapped placenta (a detached placenta trapped behind a closed cervix) and partial accreta (when there is a small area of accreta preventing detachment). All can be treated by manual removal of placenta, which should be carried out at 30-60 minutes postpartum. Medical management is also an option for placenta adherens and trapped placenta. The need for manual removal can be reduced by 20% by the use of intraumbilical oxytocin (30 i.u. in 30 mL saline). A trapped placenta may respond to glyceryl trinitrate (500 mcg sublingually) or gentle, persistent, controlled cord traction.

  9. Retained gas inventory comparison

    SciTech Connect

    BARTON, W.B.

    1999-05-18

    Gas volume data derived from four different analytical methods were collected and analyzed for comparison to volumes originally used in the technical basis for the Basis for Interim Operations (BIO). The original volumes came from Hodgson (1996) listed in the reference section of this document. Hodgson (1996) screened all 177 single and double-shell tanks for the presence of trapped gas in waste via two analytical methods: Surface Level Rise (SLR), and Barometric Pressure Effect (BPE). More recent gas volume projections have been calculated using different analytical techniques along with updates to the parameters used as input to the SLR and BPE models. Gas volumes derived from new analytical instruments include those as measured by the Void Fraction Instrument (VFI) and Retained Gas Sampler (RGS). The results of this comparison demonstrate that the original retained gas volumes of Hodgson (1996) used as a technical basis in developing the BIO were conservative, and were conservative from a safety analysis standpoint. These results represent only comparisons to the original reported volumes using the limited set of newly acquired data that is available.

  10. 5 CFR 839.1004 - Are lost earnings payable if I separated or if the employee died?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Are lost earnings payable if I separated... MANAGEMENT (CONTINUED) CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) CORRECTION OF RETIREMENT COVERAGE ERRORS UNDER THE FEDERAL ERRONEOUS RETIREMENT COVERAGE CORRECTIONS ACT Lost Earnings for Certain...

  11. 5 CFR 839.1002 - Will OPM compute the lost earnings if my qualifying retirement coverage error was previously...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Will OPM compute the lost earnings if my... Section 839.1002 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT (CONTINUED) CIVIL SERVICE... COVERAGE CORRECTIONS ACT Lost Earnings for Certain Make-up Contributions to the TSP § 839.1002 Will...

  12. Polyurethane retainers for ball bearings

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Christy, R. I.

    1973-01-01

    Evaluation of a new ball bearing retainer material is reported. A special composite polyurethane foam ball retainer has been developed that has virtually zero wear, is chemically inert to hydrocarbon lubricants, and stores up to 60 times as much lubricant per unit volume as the most commonly used retainer material, cotton phenolic. This new retainer concept shows promise of years of ball bearing operation without reoiling, based on life testing in high vacuum.

  13. Retained Placenta Accreta Mimicking Choriocarcinoma

    PubMed Central

    Kohi, Maureen P.; Rizzuto, Gabrielle A.; Fidelman, Nicholas; Lucero, Jennifer; Thiet, Mari-Paule

    2015-01-01

    This case demonstrates a rare event of retained invasive placenta masquerading as choriocarcinoma. The patient presented with heavy vaginal bleeding following vaginal delivery complicated by retained products of conception. Ultrasound and computed tomography demonstrated a vascular endometrial mass, invading the uterine wall and raising suspicion for choriocarcinoma. Hysterectomy revealed retained invasive placenta. PMID:26495146

  14. 50 CFR 80.125 - How must an agency treat income that it earns after the grant period?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... WILDLIFE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR (CONTINUED) FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE-WILDLIFE AND SPORT FISH... SPORT FISH RESTORATION ACTS Program Income § 80.125 How must an agency treat income that it earns...

  15. 50 CFR 80.125 - How must an agency treat income that it earns after the grant period?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... WILDLIFE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR (CONTINUED) FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE-WILDLIFE SPORT FISH... SPORT FISH RESTORATION ACTS Program Income § 80.125 How must an agency treat income that it earns...

  16. 50 CFR 80.126 - How must an agency treat income earned by a subgrantee after the grant period?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... AND WILDLIFE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR (CONTINUED) FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE-WILDLIFE SPORT FISH... SPORT FISH RESTORATION ACTS Program Income § 80.126 How must an agency treat income earned by...

  17. 50 CFR 80.126 - How must an agency treat income earned by a subgrantee after the grant period?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... AND WILDLIFE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR (CONTINUED) FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE-WILDLIFE SPORT FISH... SPORT FISH RESTORATION ACTS Program Income § 80.126 How must an agency treat income earned by...

  18. 50 CFR 80.125 - How must an agency treat income that it earns after the grant period?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... WILDLIFE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR (CONTINUED) FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE-WILDLIFE SPORT FISH... SPORT FISH RESTORATION ACTS Program Income § 80.125 How must an agency treat income that it earns...

  19. 50 CFR 80.125 - How must an agency treat income that it earns after the grant period?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... WILDLIFE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR (CONTINUED) FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE-WILDLIFE AND SPORT FISH... SPORT FISH RESTORATION ACTS Program Income § 80.125 How must an agency treat income that it earns...

  20. 49 CFR 526.5 - Earning offsetting monetary credits in future model years.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... UNDER THE AUTOMOBILE FUEL EFFICIENCY ACT OF 1980 § 526.5 Earning offsetting monetary credits in future... Act must contain the following information: (a) Projected average fuel economy and production levels for the class of automobiles which may fail to comply with a fuel economy standard and for any...

  1. 75 FR 56858 - Improvements to the Supplemental Security Income Program-Heroes Earnings Assistance and Relief...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-17

    ... final rule document in the Federal Register of September 7, 2010, (75 FR 54285) revising our regulations... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SOCIAL SECURITY... Earnings Assistance and Relief Tax Act of 2008 (HEART Act) AGENCY: Social Security Administration....

  2. Insult to Injury: Disability, Earnings, and Divorce

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Singleton, Perry

    2012-01-01

    This study measures the longitudinal effect of disability on earnings, marriage, and divorce. The data come from the Survey of Income and Program Participation matched to administrative data on longitudinal earnings. Using event-study methods, the results show that the onset of a work-preventing disability is associated with a precipitous decline…

  3. Women--Working More, Earning Less.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bomboy, Marylee

    1979-01-01

    Despite the increased number of women workers and sex fairness federal legislation, the earning power and job status of women workers has not increased. The earnings gap between men and women has actually widened. The author looks at ways to improve the situation through education and training. (MF)

  4. Physician executives boost clout, earning power.

    PubMed

    Dister, Lois

    2002-01-01

    Results of the 2001 Physician Executive Compensation Survey are in and they show that physician executives working in practice/hospital management companies or single specialty groups earn the highest pay. Physician executives with advanced degrees appear to earn more, as well.

  5. The Determination of Earnings Among College Graduates.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spaeth, Joe L.

    Differences in levels and determinants of earnings for men and women college graduates are examined. Perspectives from human capital theory, research on the socioeconomic achievement process, and research on segmented labor markets are used to design models of the determination of earnings. Data are taken from the National Opinion Research Center…

  6. Migration and the Earnings of Hispanic Men.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tienda, Marta; Wilson, Franklin D.

    1992-01-01

    Investigates the relationship between geographic mobility and earnings of Hispanic-American and white men using the 1980 Public Use Sample from the U.S. Census. Economic returns to migration are negligible for both Hispanic-American men and white men. Among Hispanic Americans, the earnings determination process is roughly similar for movers and…

  7. How do nonprofit hospitals manage earnings?

    PubMed

    Leone, Andrew J; Van Horn, R Lawrence

    2005-07-01

    We hypothesize that, unlike for-profit firms, nonprofit hospitals have incentives to manage earnings to a range just above zero. We consider two ways managers can achieve this. They can adjust discretionary spending [Hoerger, T.J., 1991. 'Profit' variability in for-profit and not-for-profit hospitals. Journal of Health Economics 10, 259-289.] and/or they can adjust accounting accruals using the flexibility inherent in Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP). To test our hypothesis we use regressions as well as tests of the distribution of earnings by Burgstahler and Dichev [Burgstahler, D., Dichev, I., 1997. Earnings management to avoid earnings decreases and losses. Journal of Accounting and Economics 24, 99-126.] on a sample of 1,204 hospitals and 8,179 hospital-year observations. Our tests support the use of discretionary spending and accounting accrual management. Like Hoerger (1991), we find evidence that nonprofit hospitals adjust discretionary spending to manage earnings. However, we also find significant use of discretionary accruals (e.g., adjustments to the third-party-allowance, and allowance for doubtful accounts) to meet earnings objectives. These findings have two important implications. First, the previous evidence by Hoerger that nonprofit hospitals show less variation in income may at least partly be explained by an accounting phenomenon. Second, our findings provide guidance to users of these financial statements in predicting the direction of likely bias in reported earnings.

  8. Quick locking/unlocking retainer

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Okamoto, G.; Williams, B. B.

    1979-01-01

    Spring clip retainer may prove more convenient than clamps or wingnut and stud combination when holding two small parts together in test fixtures and other applications where parts must be frequently moved or changed.

  9. Updating the ACT College Readiness Benchmarks. ACT Research Report Series 2013 (6)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Allen, Jeff

    2013-01-01

    The ACT College Readiness Benchmarks are the ACT® College Readiness Assessment scores associated with a 50% chance of earning a B or higher grade in typical first-year credit-bearing college courses. The Benchmarks also correspond to an approximate 75% chance of earning a C or higher grade in these courses. There are four Benchmarks, corresponding…

  10. How Hours of Work Affect Occupational Earnings.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hecker, David

    1998-01-01

    In most managerial, management-related, sales, production, and transportation occupations, workers with longer hours earned a high hourly rate. The reverse was true for some jobs, including computer specialists, engineers, schoolteachers, and construction workers. (JOW)

  11. 48 CFR 52.234-4 - Earned Value Management System.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Earned Value Management....234-4 Earned Value Management System. As prescribed in 34.203(c), insert the following clause: Earned Value Management System (JUL 2006) (a) The Contractor shall use an earned value management system...

  12. 48 CFR 52.234-4 - Earned Value Management System.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 2 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Earned Value Management....234-4 Earned Value Management System. As prescribed in 34.203(c), insert the following clause: Earned Value Management System (JUL 2006) (a) The Contractor shall use an earned value management system...

  13. 48 CFR 52.234-4 - Earned Value Management System.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 2 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Earned Value Management....234-4 Earned Value Management System. As prescribed in 34.203(c), insert the following clause: Earned Value Management System (JUL 2006) (a) The Contractor shall use an earned value management system...

  14. Geographic Differences in the Earnings of Economics Majors

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Winters, John V.; Xu, Weineng

    2014-01-01

    Economics has been shown to be a relatively high-earning college major, but geographic differences in earnings have been largely overlooked. The authors of this article use the American Community Survey to examine geographic differences in both absolute earnings and relative earnings for economics majors. They find that there are substantial…

  15. 20 CFR 416.1110 - What is earned income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false What is earned income. 416.1110 Section 416.1110 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION SUPPLEMENTAL SECURITY INCOME FOR THE AGED, BLIND, AND DISABLED Income Earned Income § 416.1110 What is earned income. Earned income may be in...

  16. 20 CFR 416.1110 - What is earned income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false What is earned income. 416.1110 Section 416.1110 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION SUPPLEMENTAL SECURITY INCOME FOR THE AGED, BLIND, AND DISABLED Income Earned Income § 416.1110 What is earned income. Earned income may be in...

  17. 20 CFR 418.3315 - What is earned income?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false What is earned income? 418.3315 Section 418... Income § 418.3315 What is earned income? Earned income is defined in § 416.1110 of this chapter and may... gross income, which is more than you actually receive, if amounts are withheld from earned...

  18. 20 CFR 418.3315 - What is earned income?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false What is earned income? 418.3315 Section 418... Income § 418.3315 What is earned income? Earned income is defined in § 416.1110 of this chapter and may... gross income, which is more than you actually receive, if amounts are withheld from earned...

  19. Economic Development, Human Capital, and Gender Earnings Differentials in China

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ng, Ying Chu

    2004-01-01

    Gender earnings differentials in China during the course of development in the post-reform period were examined. The analysis showed that the female-male earnings ratio increased over time in all regions. The region with relatively rapid economic reforms had the highest female-male earnings ratio. Decomposition of the gender earnings differential…

  20. Earning and Obtaining Reinforcers under Concurrent Interval Scheduling

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    MacDonall, James S.

    2005-01-01

    Contingencies of reinforcement specify how reinforcers are earned and how they are obtained. Ratio contingencies specify the number of responses that earn a reinforcer, and the response satisfying the ratio requirement obtains the earned reinforcer. Simple interval schedules specify that a certain time earns a reinforcer, which is obtained by the…

  1. Earnings Quality Measures and Excess Returns

    PubMed Central

    Perotti, Pietro; Wagenhofer, Alfred

    2014-01-01

    This paper examines how commonly used earnings quality measures fulfill a key objective of financial reporting, i.e., improving decision usefulness for investors. We propose a stock-price-based measure for assessing the quality of earnings quality measures. We predict that firms with higher earnings quality will be less mispriced than other firms. Mispricing is measured by the difference of the mean absolute excess returns of portfolios formed on high and low values of a measure. We examine persistence, predictability, two measures of smoothness, abnormal accruals, accruals quality, earnings response coefficient and value relevance. For a large sample of US non-financial firms over the period 1988–2007, we show that all measures except for smoothness are negatively associated with absolute excess returns, suggesting that smoothness is generally a favorable attribute of earnings. Accruals measures generate the largest spread in absolute excess returns, followed by smoothness and market-based measures. These results lend support to the widespread use of accruals measures as overall measures of earnings quality in the literature. PMID:26300582

  2. An Approach to Estimating Net Earnings Impact of Federally Subsidized Employment and Training Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Finifter, David H.

    1987-01-01

    Estimates are presented for net earnings impact of the Comprehensive Employment and Training Act programs. Net impact was linked to the human capital model and estimated for numerous subgroups. The matching procedure and the use of quasiexperimental versus experimental design are also discussed. (Author/GDC)

  3. 77 FR 66190 - Submission for Review: Annuitant's Report of Earned Income, RI 30-2

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-02

    ... Volume 77 FR 34414 allowing for a 60-day public comment period. No comments were received for this... MANAGEMENT Submission for Review: Annuitant's Report of Earned Income, RI 30-2 AGENCY: U.S. Office of... Income, RI 30-2. As required by the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, (Pub. L. 104-13, 44 U.S.C....

  4. Electrical transmission line diametrical retainer

    DOEpatents

    Hall, David R.; Hall, Jr., H. Tracy; Pixton, David; Dahlgren, Scott; Sneddon, Cameron; Briscoe, Michael; Fox, Joe

    2004-12-14

    The invention is a mechanism for retaining an electrical transmission line. In one embodiment of the invention it is a system for retaining an electrical transmission line within down hole components. In accordance with one aspect of the invention, the system includes a plurality of downhole components, such as sections of pipe in a drill string. The system also includes a coaxial cable running between the first and second end of a drill pipe, the coaxial cable having a conductive tube and a conductive core within it. The invention allows the electrical transmission line to with stand the tension and compression of drill pipe during routine drilling cycles.

  5. The Female-Male Earnings Gap: A Review of Employment and Earnings Issues. Report 673.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Norwood, Janet L.

    In the last 20 years, an increase in the number of working women has been accompanied by changes in the female labor force and in the concentration of women in particular occupations and industries. These changes have a profound effect upon women's earnings. The Current Population Survey (CPS) shows a wide disparity in the median earnings of women…

  6. Earned Income Credit Utilization by Welfare Recipients: A Case Study of Minnesota's Earned Income Credit Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hirasuna, Donald P.; Stinson, Thomas F.

    2007-01-01

    This paper examines utilization of a state earned income credit by AFDC and TANF recipients. Although utilization percentages are increasing, we find that among TANF recipients in 1999, 45.7 percent of all households and 34.8 percent of eligible households did not receive the state earned income credit. Moreover, we find that utilization may…

  7. Recruiting and Retaining Summer Staff.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crossen, Brian; Yerkes, Rita

    1998-01-01

    Recruiting of camp staff is challenged by economic and workplace restructuring, including business downsizing, part-time and temporary employment patterns, and generational attitude changes. Strategies for hiring and retaining staff include knowing what college-age workers want, marketing benefits, adopting new business strategies, and empowering…

  8. Recruiting and Retaining Adult Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hadfield, Janice

    2003-01-01

    Adult learners, long the stepchildren of colleges and universities, have nearly become the norm, and they spend billions of dollars each year on education. This chapter takes a customer-oriented approach to recruiting and retaining adult students in higher education. (GCP)

  9. Retaining-Ring Installation Tool

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Christian, S.

    1983-01-01

    New tool eliminates damage to ring through improper tool use. Tool installs spiral-wound retaining rings quickly, reliably, and safely. Tool inserts rings in splined or irregularly shaped bores, bores at bottom of deep ring and slides it along bore until it nests in groove. Pistons are moved by variety of linkages.

  10. Education and Lifetime Earnings in the United States.

    PubMed

    Tamborini, Christopher R; Kim, ChangHwan; Sakamoto, Arthur

    2015-08-01

    Differences in lifetime earnings by educational attainment have been of great research and policy interest. Although a large literature examines earnings differences by educational attainment, research on lifetime earnings--which refers to total accumulated earnings from entry into the labor market until retirement--remains limited because of the paucity of adequate data. Using data that match respondents in the Survey of Income and Program Participation to their longitudinal tax earnings as recorded by the Social Security Administration, we estimate the 50-year work career effects of education on lifetime earnings for men and women. By overcoming the purely synthetic cohort approach, our results provide a more realistic appraisal of actual patterns of lifetime earnings. Detailed estimates are provided for gross lifetime earnings by education; net lifetime earnings after controlling for covariates associated with the probability of obtaining a bachelor's degree; and the net present 50-year lifetime value of education at age 20. In addition, we provide estimates that include individuals with zero earnings and disability. We also assess the adequacy of the purely synthetic cohort approach, which uses age differences in earnings observed in cross-sectional surveys to approximate lifetime earnings. Overall, our results confirm the persistent positive effects of higher education on earnings over different stages of the work career and over a lifetime, but also reveal notably smaller net effects on lifetime earnings compared with previously reported estimates. We discuss the implications of these and other findings. PMID:26100983

  11. The earnings game. Everyone plays, nobody wins.

    PubMed

    Collingwood, H

    2001-06-01

    Quarterly earnings numbers dominate the decisions of executives, analysts, investors, and auditors. Yet for all the attention paid to these numbers, they're not much use in predicting a company's future performance and cash flows. Even economists are unanimous in their view that these numbers say next to nothing about a company's prospects beyond the next quarter. Nonetheless, meetings analysts' expectations that earnings will rise in a smooth, steady, unbroken line has become, at many corporations, a game whose imperatives override even the imperative to deliver the highest possible return to shareholders. The fetishistic attention paid to this almost meaningless indicator might be cause for amusement, except for one thing: the earnings game does real harm. It distorts corporate decision making. It reduces securities analysis and investing to a guessing contest. It compromises the integrity of corporate audits. Ultimately, it undermines the capital markets. As market participants increasingly come to view the quarterly number as a sort of collective fiction, offered and received in a spirit of mutual cynicism, they lose faith in the numbers affected by quarterly earnings--including stock prices themselves. And no market can survive long if its participants see no connection between prices and the intrinsic value of the goods on offer. In this article, HBR senior editor Harris Collingwood takes an in-depth look at these effects, examining the intricacies of the earnings game and why companies believe they have no choice but to play it. Until more corporate executives change their practices, he explains, the earning game will never lack for players.

  12. Education and Lifetime Earnings in the United States

    PubMed Central

    Tamborini, Christopher R.; Kim, ChangHwan; Sakamoto, Arthur

    2015-01-01

    Differences in lifetime earnings by educational attainment have been of great research and policy interest. Although a large literature examines earnings differences by educational attainment, research on lifetime earnings—which refers to total accumulated earnings from entry into the labor market until retirement—remains limited because of the paucity of adequate data. Using data that match respondents in the Survey of Income and Program Participation to their longitudinal tax earnings as recorded by the Social Security Administration, we estimate the 50-year work career effects of education on lifetime earnings for men and women. By overcoming the purely synthetic cohort approach, our results provide a more realistic appraisal of actual patterns of lifetime earnings. Detailed estimates are provided for gross lifetime earnings by education; net lifetime earnings after controlling for covariates associated with the probability of obtaining a bachelor’s degree; and the net present 50-year lifetime value of education at age 20. In addition, we provide estimates that include individuals with zero earnings and disability. We also assess the adequacy of the purely synthetic cohort approach, which uses age differences in earnings observed in cross-sectional surveys to approximate lifetime earnings. Overall, our results confirm the persistent positive effects of higher education on earnings over different stages of the work career and over a lifetime, but also reveal notably smaller net effects on lifetime earnings compared with previously reported estimates. We discuss the implications of these and other findings. PMID:26100983

  13. How common is "parking" among Social Security Disability Insurance beneficiaries? Evidence from the 1999 change in the earnings level of substantial gainful activity.

    PubMed

    Schimmel, Jody; Stapleton, David C; Song, Jae G

    2011-01-01

    Fewer Social Security Disability Insurance (DI) beneficiaries have their earnings suspended or terminated because of work than those who are actually working, partly because beneficiaries "park" earnings at a level below substantial gainful activity (SGA) to retain benefits. We assess the extent of parking by exploiting the 1999 change in the SGA earnings level from $500 to $700 monthly for nonblind beneficiaries using a difference-indifference analysis that compares two annual cohorts of beneficiaries who completed their trial work period, one that was affected by the SGA change and one that was not. Our impact estimates, along with results from other sources, suggest that from 0.2 to 0.4 percent of all DI beneficiaries were parked below the SGA level in the typical month from 2002 through 2006. The SGA change did not yield any difference in mean earnings, although it did result in a small reduction in months spent off of the rolls because of work.

  14. 20 CFR 416.1110 - What is earned income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... debt or other legal obligation, or to make any other payments. Earned income consists of the following..., the law requires us to treat your in-kind pay as unearned income. (b) Net earnings from...

  15. Japan's Teachers Earn Tenure on Day One

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ahn, Ruth; Asanuma, Shigeru; Mori, Hisayoshi

    2016-01-01

    Teachers in Japan earn tenure on their first day of employment--not after two years of experience based on evaluations of teaching performance or student test scores. This is almost too good to be true. If tenure is so easy to attain, how do the Japanese make sure their teachers, especially novice teachers hired with little teaching experience,…

  16. EARNINGS IN THE MACHINERY INDUSTRIES, MID-1966.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    BAUER, FREDERICK L.

    RESULTS OF A MID-1966 NATIONWIDE SURVEY BY THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS SHOWED THAT THE EARNINGS OF PRODUCTION AND RELATED NONELECTRICAL MACHINERY WORKERS IN 21 LARGE OCCUPATIONAL AREAS VARIED BY OCCUPATION, SIZE OF ESTABLISHMENT, AND COMMUNITY, INDUSTRY, LABOR-MANAGEMENT CONTRACT STATUS, AND LOCATION. THE AVERAGE HOURLY WAGE WAS $2.84. HIGHER…

  17. 16 CFR 437.4 - Earnings claims.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Earnings claims. 437.4 Section 437.4 Commercial Practices FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION TRADE REGULATION RULES BUSINESS OPPORTUNITY RULE § 437.4... substantiation available upon request to the prospective purchaser and to the Commission; and (4) Furnishes...

  18. 16 CFR 437.4 - Earnings claims.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Earnings claims. 437.4 Section 437.4 Commercial Practices FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION TRADE REGULATION RULES BUSINESS OPPORTUNITY RULE § 437.4... substantiation available upon request to the prospective purchaser and to the Commission; and (4) Furnishes...

  19. School Desegregation, Academic Attainment, and Earnings.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rivkin, Steven G.

    2000-01-01

    High School and Beyond longitudinal survey data were used to investigate the impact of school racial composition and quality on achievement, educational attainment, and earnings for blacks. Results support the idea that school quality improvement is likely to be much more effective than desegregation as a means of improving academic and labor…

  20. NASA Earned Value Management (EVM) Update

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kerby, Jerald

    2013-01-01

    Earned Value Management (EVM) is an integrated management control system for assessing, understanding and qualifying what a project is achieving with the resoures. EVM integrates technical cost and schedules with risk management. It allows objective assessment and quantification of current project performance, and helps predict future performance-based trents.

  1. The College Double Major and Subsequent Earnings

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hemelt, Steven W.

    2010-01-01

    In this study I examine the relationship between graduating from college with two majors rather than one and labor market earnings using the 2003 National Survey of College Graduates. Because institutions are heterogeneous both in terms of overall quality and in the availability of opportunities to double major, I attempt to control for such…

  2. E-Learning Strategy for Earning Learners

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Singaravelu, G.

    2011-01-01

    The study enlightens the effectiveness of e-learning strategy in learning English among the in-service teachers who are studying B.Ed in School of Distance Education, Bharathiar University, Coimbatore. E-learning strategy is a life long learning strategy for earning in-service teachers. It is a strategy of remaining in employment, which can be…

  3. The Effect of Literacy on Immigrant Earnings

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ferrer, Ana; Green, David A.; Riddell, W. Craig

    2006-01-01

    We examine the impact of literacy on immigrant earnings and the sources of lower returns to education and experience among immigrants. We find that the native-born literacy distribution dominates that for immigrants. However, the two groups obtain similar returns to literacy skills, contrary to discrimination-based explanations for…

  4. Opportunity Texas[TM]: Learn. Earn. Save.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Center for Public Policy Priorities, 2010

    2010-01-01

    Texas faces numerous challenges but also has abundant opportunities to build the middle class and increase prosperity. Unfortunately, too many Texans are on the sideline, lacking access to opportunities to learn, earn, and save to secure a more prosperous future for themselves and their families. To create jobs, increase income, and promote…

  5. 26 CFR 1.535-3 - Accumulated earnings credit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 7 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Accumulated earnings credit. 1.535-3 Section 1... Accumulated earnings credit. (a) In general. As provided in section 535(a) and § 1.535-1, the accumulated earnings credit, provided by section 535(c), reduces taxable income in computing accumulated taxable...

  6. The Returns to School Quality: College Choice and Earnings.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Strayer, Wayne

    2002-01-01

    Examines the effects of high school quality on earnings, suggesting that school quality affects the student's choice of college, and college choice then affects the individual's post-school earnings, and that additional skills accumulated via a higher quality school directly influence wages. High school quality influences earnings by affecting…

  7. 20 CFR 209.13 - Employers' gross earnings reports.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Employers' gross earnings reports. 209.13... RAILROAD EMPLOYERS' REPORTS AND RESPONSIBILITIES § 209.13 Employers' gross earnings reports. (a) Each employer is required to report the gross earnings of a one-percent sample group of railroad employees....

  8. 5 CFR 844.402 - Restoration of earning capacity.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Restoration of earning capacity. 844.402 Section 844.402 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT (CONTINUED) CIVIL SERVICE... Reinstatement of Disability Annuity § 844.402 Restoration of earning capacity. (a) Earning...

  9. 5 CFR 844.402 - Restoration of earning capacity.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Restoration of earning capacity. 844.402 Section 844.402 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT (CONTINUED) CIVIL SERVICE... Reinstatement of Disability Annuity § 844.402 Restoration of earning capacity. (a) Earning...

  10. 48 CFR 252.234-7002 - Earned Value Management System.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Earned Value Management... of Provisions And Clauses 252.234-7002 Earned Value Management System. As prescribed in 234.203(2), use the following clause: Earned Value Management System (MAY 2011) (a) Definitions. As used in...

  11. 48 CFR 1852.234-2 - Earned Value Management System.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... Management Systems (current version at the time of award) to manage this contract; and (2) Earned Value... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Earned Value Management... and Clauses 1852.234-2 Earned Value Management System. As prescribed in 1834.203-70(b) insert...

  12. 5 CFR 630.303 - Part-time employees; earnings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... biweekly work requirement, earn annual leave as follows: (a) An employee with less than 3 years of service earns 1 hour of annual leave for each 20 hours in a pay status. (b) An employee with 3 but less than 15 years of service earns 1 hour of annual leave for each 13 hours in a pay status. (c) An employee with...

  13. 5 CFR 630.303 - Part-time employees; earnings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... biweekly work requirement, earn annual leave as follows: (a) An employee with less than 3 years of service earns 1 hour of annual leave for each 20 hours in a pay status. (b) An employee with 3 but less than 15 years of service earns 1 hour of annual leave for each 13 hours in a pay status. (c) An employee with...

  14. 5 CFR 630.303 - Part-time employees; earnings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... biweekly work requirement, earn annual leave as follows: (a) An employee with less than 3 years of service earns 1 hour of annual leave for each 20 hours in a pay status. (b) An employee with 3 but less than 15 years of service earns 1 hour of annual leave for each 13 hours in a pay status. (c) An employee with...

  15. 5 CFR 630.303 - Part-time employees; earnings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... biweekly work requirement, earn annual leave as follows: (a) An employee with less than 3 years of service earns 1 hour of annual leave for each 20 hours in a pay status. (b) An employee with 3 but less than 15 years of service earns 1 hour of annual leave for each 13 hours in a pay status. (c) An employee with...

  16. 5 CFR 630.303 - Part-time employees; earnings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... biweekly work requirement, earn annual leave as follows: (a) An employee with less than 3 years of service earns 1 hour of annual leave for each 20 hours in a pay status. (b) An employee with 3 but less than 15 years of service earns 1 hour of annual leave for each 13 hours in a pay status. (c) An employee with...

  17. 48 CFR 252.234-7002 - Earned Value Management System.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Earned Value Management... of Provisions And Clauses 252.234-7002 Earned Value Management System. As prescribed in 234.203(2), use the following clause: Earned Value Management System (APR 2008) (a) In the performance of...

  18. 5 CFR 550.106 - Annual maximum earnings limitation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Annual maximum earnings limitation. 550... PAY ADMINISTRATION (GENERAL) Premium Pay Maximum Earnings Limitations § 550.106 Annual maximum earnings limitation. (a)(1) For any pay period in which the head of an agency (or designee), or the...

  19. 48 CFR 252.234-7002 - Earned Value Management System.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Earned Value Management... of Provisions And Clauses 252.234-7002 Earned Value Management System. As prescribed in 234.203(2), use the following clause: EARNED VALUE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM (MAY 2011) (a) Definitions. As used in...

  20. Her earnings: Exploring variation in wives' earning contributions across six major Asian groups and Whites.

    PubMed

    Kulkarni, Veena S

    2015-07-01

    Previous research on understanding race-ethnic differentials in employment and economic contributions by married women has primarily focused on Blacks, Hispanics, or Whites. This study investigates variations in wives' earning contributions as measured by wives earnings as a proportion of total annual household earnings among six Asian groups, Asian Indian, Chinese, Filipino, Japanese, Korean, and Vietnamese relative to native born non-Hispanic White. I disaggregate the six Asian groups by their ethnicity and nativity status. Using pooled data from 2009-2011 American Community Survey, the findings show significance of human capital, hours of paid labor market engagement and nativity status. There is strong and negative association between husbands' human capital and labor supply with wives' earning contributions suggesting near universality of male-breadwinner status. Notwithstanding the commonalities, there is significant intergroup diversity. While foreign born and native born Filipina wives despite their spouses' reasonably high human capital and work hours, contribute one of the highest shares, the same cannot be said for the Asian Indians and Japanese. For foreign born Asian Indian and to some extent Japanese women, their high human capital is not translated to high earning contribution after controlling for husband's human capital. Further, nativity status impacts groups differentially. Native born Vietnamese wives contribute the greatest. Overall, the findings underscore the relevance of employing multiple conceptual frameworks in understanding earning contributions of foreign and native born Asian wives belonging to the six Asian groups, Asian Indian, Chinese, Filipino, Japanese, Korean, and Vietnamese. PMID:26004479

  1. 20 CFR 404.452 - Reports to Social Security Administration of earnings; wages; net earnings from self-employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Reports to Social Security Administration of earnings; wages; net earnings from self-employment. 404.452 Section 404.452 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL...; and Nonpayments of Benefits § 404.452 Reports to Social Security Administration of earnings;...

  2. 20 CFR 404.452 - Reports to Social Security Administration of earnings; wages; net earnings from self-employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Reports to Social Security Administration of earnings; wages; net earnings from self-employment. 404.452 Section 404.452 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL...; and Nonpayments of Benefits § 404.452 Reports to Social Security Administration of earnings;...

  3. 20 CFR 404.452 - Reports to Social Security Administration of earnings; wages; net earnings from self-employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Reports to Social Security Administration of earnings; wages; net earnings from self-employment. 404.452 Section 404.452 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL...; and Nonpayments of Benefits § 404.452 Reports to Social Security Administration of earnings;...

  4. 30 CFR 56.20010 - Retaining dams.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Retaining dams. 56.20010 Section 56.20010 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR METAL AND NONMETAL MINE... Retaining dams. If failure of a water or silt retaining dam will create a hazard, it shall be of...

  5. 30 CFR 57.20010 - Retaining dams.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Retaining dams. 57.20010 Section 57.20010 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR METAL AND NONMETAL MINE....20010 Retaining dams. If failure of a water or silt retaining dam will create a hazard, it shall be...

  6. 30 CFR 57.20010 - Retaining dams.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Retaining dams. 57.20010 Section 57.20010 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR METAL AND NONMETAL MINE....20010 Retaining dams. If failure of a water or silt retaining dam will create a hazard, it shall be...

  7. 30 CFR 56.20010 - Retaining dams.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Retaining dams. 56.20010 Section 56.20010 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR METAL AND NONMETAL MINE... Retaining dams. If failure of a water or silt retaining dam will create a hazard, it shall be of...

  8. 5 CFR 839.1002 - Will OPM compute the lost earnings if my qualifying retirement coverage error was previously...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... COVERAGE CORRECTIONS ACT Lost Earnings for Certain Make-up Contributions to the TSP § 839.1002 Will OPM... qualifying retirement coverage error was previously corrected and I made TSP make-up contributions? 839.1002... TSP make-up contributions? If you made contributions to the TSP after your qualifying...

  9. 5 CFR 839.1002 - Will OPM compute the lost earnings if my qualifying retirement coverage error was previously...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... COVERAGE CORRECTIONS ACT Lost Earnings for Certain Make-up Contributions to the TSP § 839.1002 Will OPM... qualifying retirement coverage error was previously corrected and I made TSP make-up contributions? 839.1002... TSP make-up contributions? If you made contributions to the TSP after your qualifying...

  10. 5 CFR 839.1002 - Will OPM compute the lost earnings if my qualifying retirement coverage error was previously...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... COVERAGE CORRECTIONS ACT Lost Earnings for Certain Make-up Contributions to the TSP § 839.1002 Will OPM... qualifying retirement coverage error was previously corrected and I made TSP make-up contributions? 839.1002... TSP make-up contributions? If you made contributions to the TSP after your qualifying...

  11. 5 CFR 839.1002 - Will OPM compute the lost earnings if my qualifying retirement coverage error was previously...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... COVERAGE CORRECTIONS ACT Lost Earnings for Certain Make-up Contributions to the TSP § 839.1002 Will OPM... qualifying retirement coverage error was previously corrected and I made TSP make-up contributions? 839.1002... TSP make-up contributions? If you made contributions to the TSP after your qualifying...

  12. Earned Value Management (EVM) Implementation Handbook

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this handbook is to provide Earned Value Management (EVM) guidance for the effective application, implementation, and utilization of EVM on NASA programs, projects, major contracts and subcontracts in a consolidated reference document. EVM is a project management process that effectively integrates a project s scope of work with schedule and cost elements for optimum project planning and control. The goal is to achieve timely and accurate quantification of progress that will facilitate management by exception and enable early visibility into the nature and the magnitude of technical problems as well as the intended course and success of corrective actions.

  13. Federal Aviation Administration retained savings program proposal

    SciTech Connect

    Hostick, D.J.; Larson, L.L.; Hostick, C.J.

    1998-03-01

    Federal legislation allows federal agencies to retain up to 50% of the savings associated with implementing energy efficiency and water conservation measures and practices. Given budget pressures to reduce expenditures, the use of retained savings to fund additional projects represents a source of funds outside of the traditional budget cycle. The Southwest Region Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has tasked Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) to develop a model retained savings program for Southwest Region FAA use and as a prototype for consideration by the FAA. PNNL recommends the following steps be taken in developing a Southwest Region FAA retained savings program: Establish a retained savings mechanism. Determine the level at which the retained savings should be consolidated into a fund. The preliminary recommendation is to establish a revolving efficiency loan fund at the regional level. Such a mechanism allows some consolidation of savings to fund larger projects, while maintaining a sense of facility ownership in that the funds will remain within the region.

  14. Recent changes in earnings distributions in the United States.

    PubMed

    Utendorf, K R

    1998-01-01

    In this article, the author uses large, Social Security administrative data sets to examine changes in earnings distributions in the United States over the 1980s and early 1990s. Because the earnings information contained in these data sets comes directly from the W-2 forms filed by employers, self-reporting errors and top-coding problems, common in other data used for this type of analysis, are minimized. Previous research has documented an increase in overall earnings inequality during the 1970s and the 1980s. While the author also observes that overall earnings inequality generally increased during the early to mid-1980s, his analysis finds that this upward trend in earnings inequality might have slowed, or reversed, during the late 1980s and early 1990s. The data suggest that within-group inequality for various race and/or gender subgroups of the population generally increased over the period examined, confirming the results of others and extending those findings into the early 1990s. Finally, the author finds that female earnings increased relative to male earnings over the entire period, while the earnings of Black males declined relative to the earnings of the other groups examined.

  15. Earnings histories of SSI beneficiaries working in December 1997.

    PubMed

    Kennedy, L D

    2000-01-01

    Disabling conditions previously considered to be permanent and total are no longer viewed as automatic barriers to work. Medical advances, improved accommodations in the workplace, and changes in the nature of work for the working disabled have allowed many disabled people to rejoin the workforce. The Social Security Administration (SSA) has followed those developments with a view toward encouraging people receiving disability benefits to consider returning to work. To effectively target SSA's efforts and evaluate their success, information about previous work histories of the Supplemental Security Income (SSI) beneficiary population is used to provide baseline data. This article examines the earnings histories of 300,000 disabled SSI beneficiaries--one of the populations targeted by the expanded work-incentive measure under Public Law 106-70--who were working in December 1997. The article also investigates whether beneficiaries who are working have significant lifetime earnings and whether earnings patterns exist that might assist with SSA's work-support activities. SSI program records were matched to data in the Master Earnings File to explore the characteristics and earnings patterns before and after a person applies for benefits. The article addresses several questions: What are the general characteristics of disabled SSI beneficiaries? What are their earnings histories? Did they have an earnings record when they applied for SSI? Of the SSI beneficiaries working in December 1997, most tended to be younger than other disabled beneficiaries, to have some sort of mental disability, and to have earnings well below levels that would suggest their eventual, complete independence from the SSI cash benefits program. A look at past covered earnings revealed that the vast majority of SSI workers had a history of earnings before they applied for SSI benefits. Despite their severe impairments and age at the time of first eligibility, nearly 40 percent had earnings in 11

  16. The earnings experience of rural-urban migrants in Korea.

    PubMed

    Lee, B S; Phillips, J M

    1997-01-01

    "Migration models in the Harris-Todaro tradition imply that urban informal sector earnings are less than rural sector earnings. Examining the situation for [South] Korea, we find that both urban formal and informal sector earnings exceed earnings opportunities in rural areas, making rural-urban migration the best decision for the individual and for the Korean economy in terms of maximizing output.... The implication for policy makers is that government efforts may be better directed toward mitigating the externalities caused by over-crowding, rather than attempting to influence population movements."

  17. Earnings histories of SSI beneficiaries working in December 1997.

    PubMed

    Kennedy, L D

    2000-01-01

    Disabling conditions previously considered to be permanent and total are no longer viewed as automatic barriers to work. Medical advances, improved accommodations in the workplace, and changes in the nature of work for the working disabled have allowed many disabled people to rejoin the workforce. The Social Security Administration (SSA) has followed those developments with a view toward encouraging people receiving disability benefits to consider returning to work. To effectively target SSA's efforts and evaluate their success, information about previous work histories of the Supplemental Security Income (SSI) beneficiary population is used to provide baseline data. This article examines the earnings histories of 300,000 disabled SSI beneficiaries--one of the populations targeted by the expanded work-incentive measure under Public Law 106-70--who were working in December 1997. The article also investigates whether beneficiaries who are working have significant lifetime earnings and whether earnings patterns exist that might assist with SSA's work-support activities. SSI program records were matched to data in the Master Earnings File to explore the characteristics and earnings patterns before and after a person applies for benefits. The article addresses several questions: What are the general characteristics of disabled SSI beneficiaries? What are their earnings histories? Did they have an earnings record when they applied for SSI? Of the SSI beneficiaries working in December 1997, most tended to be younger than other disabled beneficiaries, to have some sort of mental disability, and to have earnings well below levels that would suggest their eventual, complete independence from the SSI cash benefits program. A look at past covered earnings revealed that the vast majority of SSI workers had a history of earnings before they applied for SSI benefits. Despite their severe impairments and age at the time of first eligibility, nearly 40 percent had earnings in 11

  18. Integrating Earning College Credit in High School into Accountability Systems

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Achieve, Inc., 2015

    2015-01-01

    Earning college credit in high school matters to students and parents. Students who earn college credits by taking a college-level course while in high school are more likely to enter college and succeed. Through these experiences, students become familiar with college expectations, academic behaviors, and habits of mind; get a head start on…

  19. Understanding the quality of earnings for integrated health systems.

    PubMed

    Zismer, Daniel K; Proeschel, Steven

    2009-12-01

    Integrated delivery systems could benefit from analyzing quality of earnings to better understand their management plans and methods. Quality-of-earnings analyses can provide understanding of current and future financial performance beyond the bottom line. Following a framework for analysis can help leaders gain a better overall picture of the system's finances. PMID:20027883

  20. Rural Earnings Edge Up in the 1990's.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gibbs, Robert

    1997-01-01

    Current Population Survey data indicate that nonmetropolitan earnings rose slightly during 1990-96, metropolitan income declined, and nonmetro income inequality lessened. Nonmetro gains were notable in the South and Midwest and for women, Blacks, and Hispanics. Earnings declined sharply for urban, but not rural, high school dropouts. The urban…

  1. 5 CFR 550.105 - Biweekly maximum earnings limitation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Biweekly maximum earnings limitation. 550.105 Section 550.105 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS PAY ADMINISTRATION (GENERAL) Premium Pay Maximum Earnings Limitations § 550.105 Biweekly...

  2. 5 CFR 847.507 - Earnings after transfer.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Earnings after transfer. 847.507 Section 847.507 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT (CONTINUED) CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS... INSTRUMENTALITIES Transfers of Contributions Under the Retroactive Provisions § 847.507 Earnings after...

  3. 5 CFR 581.401 - Aggregate disposable earnings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Aggregate disposable earnings. 581.401 Section 581.401 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS... § 581.401 Aggregate disposable earnings. The “aggregate disposable earnings”, when used in reference...

  4. Unchanging Child Support Orders in the Face of Unstable Earnings

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ha, Yoonsook; Cancian, Maria; Meyer, Daniel R.

    2010-01-01

    The underlying theory behind child support guidelines implies that child support orders should change when the incomes of noncustodial parents change. This paper documents changes in noncustodial fathers' earnings over a five-year period and examines the relationship between the changes in earnings and modifications in child support orders. Using…

  5. 20 CFR 702.285 - Report of earnings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... earnings from employment or self-employment. This report may not be required any more frequently than semi... employment and self-employment and the periods for which the earnings apply. The employee must return the..., salaries, tips, sales commissions, fees for services provided, piecework and all revenue received from...

  6. Medical demography and intergenerational inequalities in general practitioners' earnings.

    PubMed

    Dormont, B; Samson, A-L

    2008-09-01

    This article examines the link between restrictions on the number of physicians and general practitioners' (GPs) earnings. Using a representative panel of 6016 French self-employed GPs over the years 1983-2004, we estimate an earnings function to identify experience, time and cohort effects. The estimated gap in earnings between 'good' and 'bad' cohorts can be as large as 25%. GPs who began their practices during the eighties have the lowest permanent earnings: they belong to the large cohorts of the baby-boom and face the consequences of an unlimited number of places in medical schools. Conversely, the decrease in the number of places in medical schools led to an increase in permanent earnings of GPs who began their practices in the mid-nineties. A stochastic dominance analysis shows that unobserved heterogeneity does not compensate for average differences in earnings between cohorts. These findings suggest that the first years of practice are decisive for a GP. If competition between physicians is too intense at the beginning of their careers, they will suffer from permanently lower earnings. To conclude, our results show that the policies aimed at reducing the number of medical students succeeded in buoying up physicians' permanent earnings.

  7. 26 CFR 1.563-1 - Accumulated earnings tax.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 7 2011-04-01 2009-04-01 true Accumulated earnings tax. 1.563-1 Section 1.563-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Deduction for Dividends Paid § 1.563-1 Accumulated earnings tax. In...

  8. 26 CFR 1.563-1 - Accumulated earnings tax.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 7 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Accumulated earnings tax. 1.563-1 Section 1.563-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Deduction for Dividends Paid § 1.563-1 Accumulated earnings tax. In...

  9. Gender Earnings Gap among Young European Higher Education Graduates

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Garcia-Aracil, Adela

    2007-01-01

    This paper examines the composition of the gender earnings gap among young European higher education graduates, with a particular focus on competencies controlling for individual background and job characteristics. The results show that much of the female worker's earnings advantage can be explained by job characteristics. With respect to the…

  10. Opting Out and Buying Out: Wives' Earnings and Housework Time

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Killewald, Alexandra

    2011-01-01

    It has been proposed that the negative association between wives' earnings and their time in housework is due to greater outsourcing of household labor by households with high-earning wives, but this hypothesis has not been tested directly. In a sample of dual-earner married couples in the Consumption and Activities Mail Survey of the Health and…

  11. 48 CFR 52.234-4 - Earned Value Management System.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 2 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Earned Value Management System. 52.234-4 Section 52.234-4 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION (CONTINUED) CLAUSES AND FORMS SOLICITATION PROVISIONS AND CONTRACT CLAUSES Text of Provisions and Clauses 52.234-4 Earned Value Management...

  12. The Effect of Demographic Factors on Age-Earnings Profiles.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Freeman, Richard B.

    1979-01-01

    The age-earnings profile of male workers is significantly influenced by the age composition of the workforce. The dependence of the age-earnings profile on demographically induced movements along a relative demand schedule suggests that standard human capital models of the profile are incomplete. (MF)

  13. Race Differences in Earnings: A Survey and New Evidence.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, James P.; Welch, Finis

    Black male earnings have gradually increased relative to white male earnings since 1940, with the rise during the 1960's and early 1970's larger than that observed earlier. Five possible explanations account for this narrowing of racial wage differences: (1) a convergence in black and white income producing characteristics; (2) enhancement in the…

  14. Industrial Change and Black Men's Relative Earnings: Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vroman, Wayne

    This study examines the relative earnings of black men from a time series perspective covering 1930 to 1990. Regression analyses were fitted to annual data to isolate factors responsible for changes in relative earnings. National and regional data on population growth and employment growth by industry were analyzed to determine the degree of…

  15. Investigating MBA Degrees Earned by Women: A Decade of Change

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McConnell, Cheryl; Rush, Douglas; Gartland, Myles

    2016-01-01

    The authors examined master of business administration (MBA) degrees earned by women at U.S. higher education institutions at three specific years spanning a decade: 2003, 2008, and 2013 to determine whether there was a significant difference in the percentage of MBA degrees earned by women based on the independent variables of institutional type,…

  16. 28 CFR 345.61 - Inmate earnings statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Inmate earnings statement. 345.61 Section 345.61 Judicial Administration FEDERAL PRISON INDUSTRIES, INC., DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE FEDERAL PRISON INDUSTRIES (FPI) INMATE WORK PROGRAMS Inmate Pay and Benefits § 345.61 Inmate earnings statement. Each...

  17. 28 CFR 345.61 - Inmate earnings statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Inmate earnings statement. 345.61 Section 345.61 Judicial Administration FEDERAL PRISON INDUSTRIES, INC., DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE FEDERAL PRISON INDUSTRIES (FPI) INMATE WORK PROGRAMS Inmate Pay and Benefits § 345.61 Inmate earnings statement. Each...

  18. 28 CFR 345.61 - Inmate earnings statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Inmate earnings statement. 345.61 Section 345.61 Judicial Administration FEDERAL PRISON INDUSTRIES, INC., DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE FEDERAL PRISON INDUSTRIES (FPI) INMATE WORK PROGRAMS Inmate Pay and Benefits § 345.61 Inmate earnings statement. Each...

  19. 28 CFR 345.61 - Inmate earnings statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Inmate earnings statement. 345.61 Section 345.61 Judicial Administration FEDERAL PRISON INDUSTRIES, INC., DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE FEDERAL PRISON INDUSTRIES (FPI) INMATE WORK PROGRAMS Inmate Pay and Benefits § 345.61 Inmate earnings statement. Each...

  20. 28 CFR 345.61 - Inmate earnings statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Inmate earnings statement. 345.61 Section 345.61 Judicial Administration FEDERAL PRISON INDUSTRIES, INC., DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE FEDERAL PRISON INDUSTRIES (FPI) INMATE WORK PROGRAMS Inmate Pay and Benefits § 345.61 Inmate earnings statement. Each...

  1. The 2006 Earnings Public-Use Microdata File: an introduction.

    PubMed

    Compson, Michael

    2011-01-01

    This article introduces the 2006 Earnings Public-Use File (EPUF) and provides important background information on the file's data fields. The EPUF contains selected demographic and earnings information for 4.3 million individuals drawn from a 1-percent sample of all Social Security numbers issued before January 2007. The data file provides aggregate earnings for 1937 to 1950 and annual earnings data for 1951 to 2006. The article focuses on four key items: (1) the Social Security Administration's experiences collecting earnings data over the years and their effect on the data fields included in EPUF; (2) the steps taken to "clean" the underlying administrative data and to minimize the risk of personal data disclosure; (3) the potential limitations of using EPUF data to estimate Social Security benefits for some individuals; and (4) frequency distributions and statistical tabulations of the data in the file, to provide a point of reference for EPUF users.

  2. 17 CFR 229.1009 - (Item 1009) Persons/assets, retained, employed, compensated or used.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ..., SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934 AND ENERGY POLICY AND CONSERVATION ACT OF 1975-REGULATION S-K Mergers and Acquisitions (Regulation M-A) § 229.1009 (Item 1009) Persons/assets, retained, employed, compensated or used... corporate assets of the subject company that has been or will be employed or used by the filing person...

  3. 20 CFR 404.452 - Reports to Social Security Administration of earnings; wages; net earnings from self-employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Reports to Social Security Administration of earnings; wages; net earnings from self-employment. 404.452 Section 404.452 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL... before the 15th day of the fourth month following the close of the taxable year; for example, April...

  4. Learning and Earnings: How College Matters in Earnings Gap between Hispanic Workers and Non-Hispanic White Workers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kim, Jongsung

    2002-01-01

    Used Current Population Survey Outgoing Rotation Group files to investigate the role of higher education in explaining the earnings gap between Hispanics and Whites. Found that human capital takes precedence over labor market discrimination in explaining the earnings gap. A policy implication is that equal compensation of Hispanic workers is as…

  5. Attracting and retaining nurses in HIV care.

    PubMed

    Puplampu, Gideon L; Olson, Karin; Ogilvie, Linda; Mayan, Maria

    2014-01-01

    Attracting and retaining nurses in HIV care is essential to treatment success, preventing the spread of HIV, slowing its progression, and improving the quality of life of people living with HIV. Despite the wealth of studies examining HIV care, few have focused on the factors that influenced nurses' choices to specialize in HIV care. We examined the factors that attracted and retained eight nurses currently working in HIV care in two large Canadian cities. Participants were primarily women between the ages of 20 and 60 years. Interviews were conducted between November 2010 and September 2011 using interpretive description, a qualitative design. Factors that influenced participants to focus their careers in HIV care included both attracting factors and retaining factors. Although more research is needed, this exploration of attracting and retaining factors may motivate others to specialize in HIV nursing, and thus help to promote adequate support for individuals suffering from the disease. PMID:23499392

  6. Money Isn't Everything: Wives’ Earnings and Housework Time

    PubMed Central

    Killewald, Alexandra; Gough, Margaret

    2010-01-01

    The autonomy perspective of housework time predicts that wives’ housework time falls steadily as their earnings rise, because wives use additional financial resources to outsource or forego time in housework. We argue, however, that wives’ ability to reduce their housework varies by household task. That is, we expect that increases in wives’ earnings will allow them to forego or outsource some tasks, but not others. As a result, we hypothesize more rapid declines in wives’ housework time for low-earning wives as their earnings increase than for high-earning wives who have already stopped performing household tasks that are the easiest and cheapest to outsource or forego. Using fixed-effects models and data from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics, we find considerable support for our hypothesis. We further conclude that past evidence that wives who out-earn their husbands spend additional time in housework to compensate for their gender-deviant success in the labor market is due to the failure to account for the non-linear relationship between wives’ absolute earnings and their housework time. PMID:21278852

  7. Self-employment income at low earnings levels.

    PubMed

    Prero, A J

    1976-02-01

    If self-employment were much more prevalent at moderate and high earnings levels than at low levels and if the incidence of both the employee and employer taxes on wages is on the employee, then the social security tax structure would be regressive relative to taxable earnings. Analysis shows, however, that this is the case only in a very limited sense. For 1970, 6.5 percent of taxable earnings derives from self-employment. At least 6.3 percent of taxable earnings consists of self-employment income in each observed interval from $400 to $3,600. The proportion declines slightly with rising earnings until near the taxable maximum, when it begins to rise. If the average tax rate on earnings up to the maximum were tabulated by earnings both below and above the maximum, it appears very likely that mild regressivity would be shown beyond the taxable maximum, but of not more than a few tenths of a percent.

  8. Stabilising Springs for Fixed Lingual Retainer

    PubMed Central

    Karthikeyan, M.K.; Ramachandraprabhakar; Saravanan, R.; Rajvikram, N.; Kuppuchamy

    2013-01-01

    Most treated malocclusion needs fixed lingual retention. To stabilise fixed lingual retainer in the exact location needs proper stabilisation. Proper stabilization requires a holding spring. This Stabilising Spring should be easy to fabricate and help the clinician to stabilise the retainer quickly and save the chair side time. More over it should not irritate the mucosa and should be easy to insert and remove. PMID:24392431

  9. Changing supply and earning patterns of the mental health workforce.

    PubMed

    Scheffler, R M; Ivey, S L; Garrett, A B

    1998-11-01

    The authors examine recent trends in the supply and earnings of various mental health providers from 1989 to 1995. The makeup of the mental health workforce is fundamentally different now than a decade ago. The number and earnings of psychiatrists have been relatively flat. The number of psychologists increased by 24%, with their earnings rising rapidly in the 1980s, and remaining level since 1990. The number of clinically trained social workers increased by 87% over the same period, and the number of advanced practice nurses certified in mental health specialties almost doubled, with the earnings of these master's-level providers increasing steadily over the period described. These trends are discussed in the context of major changes in the financing and delivery of mental health care.

  10. 48 CFR 1852.234-2 - Earned Value Management System.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... Institute (ANSI)/Electronic Industries Alliance (EIA)—748 Standard, Industry Guidelines for Earned Value... timely fashion. The Government will conduct a Compliance Review to assess the contactor's compliance...

  11. 48 CFR 1852.234-2 - Earned Value Management System.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Institute (ANSI)/Electronic Industries Alliance (EIA)—748 Standard, Industry Guidelines for Earned Value... timely fashion. The Government will conduct a Compliance Review to assess the contactor's compliance...

  12. In vivo orthodontic retainer survival - a review

    PubMed Central

    LABUNET, ANCA VICTORIA; BADEA, MÎNDRA

    2015-01-01

    Background Relapse following orthodontic treatment is a constant concern of orthodontists. Fixed retention is preferred especially for the lower arch by most orthodontists. Objectives This review focuses on in vivo studies. The main objective is to determine the survival rates of different types of retainer: glass-fiber reinforced composite resin, polyethylene or multistrand stainless steel wire bonded to each tooth from canine to canine in the mandibular arch. A second objective is to assess which of these types is less likely to cause additional problems and the third objective is to evaluate the factors that may influence retainer survival. Results and conclusions There were 8 studies identified that matched the objectives stated. Current in vivo studies on survival rate take little notice of the role of the material used for bonding of the fixed retainer. It is not possible to draw a conclusion on reliability of new types of retainers glass fiber reinforced composite resin or polyethylene compared to multistrand stainless steel wire. The multistrand wire remains the gold standard for fixed retention. Although it is a logical outcome that retainer survival is dependent on the application technique, there seems to be no research outcome proving that operator experience, moisture control are essential, nor does patient age or sex have statistically proven effects on survival rates. Adequate studies that involve such aspects should be performed. PMID:26609260

  13. 20 CFR 225.24 - SS Earnings PIA used in survivor annuities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false SS Earnings PIA used in survivor annuities... Amount of the Residual Lump-Sum Payable § 225.24 SS Earnings PIA used in survivor annuities. The Social Security Earnings PIA (SS Earnings PIA) used in survivor annuities may be used in computing the tier...

  14. 20 CFR 404.1080 - Net earnings from self-employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Net earnings from self-employment. 404.1080... Income § 404.1080 Net earnings from self-employment. (a) Definition of net earnings from self-employment. If you are self-employed, you must first determine the amount of your net earnings from...

  15. 25 CFR 700.173 - Average net earnings of business or farm.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Average net earnings of business or farm. 700.173 Section... PROCEDURES Moving and Related Expenses, Temporary Emergency Moves § 700.173 Average net earnings of business or farm. (a) Computing net earnings. For purposes of this subpart, the average annual net earnings...

  16. 20 CFR 418.3320 - How do we count your earned income?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false How do we count your earned income? 418.3320... Subsidies Income § 418.3320 How do we count your earned income? (a) Wages. We count your wages at the... set aside for your use. (b) Net earnings from self-employment. We count net earnings from...

  17. The Wage Gap: Women's and Men's Earnings. Briefing Paper.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shaw, Lois; Gish, Melinda; Braunstein, Jill; Allore, Sara

    After remaining virtually unchanged from 1995 through the 1970s, the wage gap between women and men began to decline in the 1980s. By the early 1990s, the ratio of the annual earnings of women employed full time year-round to the annual earnings of their male counterparts reached 72.0%. That ratio decreased slightly (to 71.4%) in 1995. The wage…

  18. Recent evidence on the effect of real earnings on net migration.

    PubMed

    Izraeli, O; Lin, A

    1984-04-01

    "This paper examines the effect of gross nominal earnings, gross real earnings, and net real earnings on net migration in a simultaneous-equation model of net migration and employment growth. Using US SMSA data for 1970-75, the study shows that nominal earnings are not a good proxy for real earnings. In addition, gross real earnings performed better than net real earnings, suggesting a possibility of 'tax illusion' on the part of the migrants. Besides, employment growth had a significant positive effect on net migration, whereas net migration affected employment growth positively but less significantly." (summary in FRE, GER)

  19. The Flexible Fairness: Equality, Earned Entitlement, and Self-Interest

    PubMed Central

    Gu, Ruolei; Broster, Lucas S.; Shen, Xueyi; Tian, Tengxiang; Luo, Yue-Jia; Krueger, Frank

    2013-01-01

    The current study explored whether earned entitlement modulated the perception of fairness in three experiments. A preliminary resource earning task was added before players decided how to allocate the resource they jointly earned. Participants’ decision in allocation, their responses to equal or unequal offers, whether advantageous or disadvantageous, and subjective ratings of fairness were all assessed in the current study. Behavioral results revealed that participants proposed more generous offers and showed enhanced tolerance to disadvantageous unequal offers from others when they performed worse than their presumed “partners,” while the reverse was true in the better-performance condition. The subjective ratings also indicated the effect of earned entitlement, such that worse performance was associated with higher perceived feelings of fairness for disadvantageous unequal offers, while better performance was associated with higher feelings of fairness for advantageous unequal offers. Equal offers were considered “fair” only when earned entitlement was even between two parties. In sum, the perception of fairness is modulated by an integration of egalitarian motivation and entitlement. In addition to justice principles, participants were also motivated by self-interest, such that participants placed more weight on entitlement in the better-performance condition than in the worse-performance condition. These results imply that earned entitlement is evaluated in a self-serving way. PMID:24039867

  20. 15 CFR 762.2 - Records to be retained.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Records to be retained. 762.2 Section... § 762.2 Records to be retained. (a) Records required to be retained. The records required to be retained... section describes records that are required to be retained. Other parts, sections, or supplements of...

  1. 15 CFR 762.2 - Records to be retained.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Records to be retained. 762.2 Section... § 762.2 Records to be retained. (a) Records required to be retained. The records required to be retained... section describes records that are required to be retained. Other parts, sections, or supplements of...

  2. 15 CFR 762.2 - Records to be retained.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Records to be retained. 762.2 Section... § 762.2 Records to be retained. (a) Records required to be retained. The records required to be retained... section describes records that are required to be retained. Other parts, sections, or supplements of...

  3. 15 CFR 762.2 - Records to be retained.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Records to be retained. 762.2 Section... § 762.2 Records to be retained. (a) Records required to be retained. The records required to be retained.... Paragraph (a) of this section describes records that are required to be retained. Other parts, sections,...

  4. Ammonia Results Review for Retained Gas Sampling

    SciTech Connect

    Mahoney, Lenna A.

    2000-09-20

    This report was prepared as part of a task supporting the deployment of the retained gas sampler (RGS) system in Flammable Gas Watch List Tanks. The emphasis of this report is on presenting supplemental information about the ammonia measurements resulting from retained gas sampling of Tanks 241-AW-101, A-101, AN-105, AN-104, AN-103, U-103, S-106, BY-101, BY-109, SX-106, AX-101, S-102, S-111, U-109, and SY-101. This information provides a better understanding of the accuracy of past RGS ammonia measurements, which will assist in determining flammable and toxicological hazards.

  5. Retained gas sampler interim safety assessment

    SciTech Connect

    Pasamehmetoglu, K.O.; Miller, W.O.; Unal, C.; Fujita, R.K.

    1995-01-13

    This safety assessment addresses the proposed action to install, operate, and remove a Retained Gas Sampler (RGS) in Tank 101-SY at Hanford. Purpose of the RGS is to help characterize the gas species retained in the tank waste; the information will be used to refine models that predict the gas-producing behavior of the waste tank. The RGS will take samples of the tank from top to bottom; these samples will be analyzed for gas constituents. The proposed action is required as part of an evaluation of mitigation concepts for eliminating episodic gas releases that result in high hydrogen concentrations in the tank dome space.

  6. Education, work and earnings of Peruvian women.

    PubMed

    King, E M

    1996-01-01

    This study describes trends in educational attainment among women in Peru, and examines the determinants of educational attainment, labor force participation and employment, and earnings. Data were obtained from the Peruvian Living Standards Survey among a sample of 5644 women aged 20-59 years. Findings indicate that parents' educational variables had a positive and statistically significant relationship with the educational attainment of their daughters. The impact declined over time from older to younger cohorts. School reforms improved women's access to education. Education became more universal and compulsory over time. Daughters of mothers with white collar occupations had higher levels of schooling than farmers' daughters. The effects of fathers' education was larger. There was a wider gap between farmers and nonfarmers. Textbooks, teachers, and number of grades offered were the only primary school inputs that showed any clear cohort trend in their effect on years of schooling. As primary schools became more available, textbooks had a greater impact on school attainment. The impact of textbooks was larger for women than for men. The number of grades offered had a large positive effect which increased across cohorts from older to younger. Findings suggest weak effects of school reforms on women's likelihood of participating in the paid or unpaid labor force. Years of schooling had a very small and negative effect on total labor force participation. Woman's paid employment was influenced by age, education and training, household characteristics, and family's unearned income. Educational attainment had a small positive effect on participation in paid employment for younger women and no effect for older women. The average rate of return in paid employment to primary education was about 12%. Primary education had the highest rate of return. The return to job tenure was higher for younger women. PMID:12348507

  7. Retaining African Americans in Higher Education: Challenging Paradigms for Retaining Students, Faculty and Administrators.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones, Lee, Ed.

    This collection discusses some of the issues surrounding the retention of African Americans in higher education, and it challenges traditional paradigms for retaining African American students, administrators, and faculty at predominantly White colleges. The chapters of part 1, "Retaining African-American Students," are: (1) "Creating an Affirming…

  8. 45 CFR 1611.9 - Retainer agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... to the client or for legal services provided to the client by a private attorney pursuant to 45 CFR... Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) LEGAL SERVICES CORPORATION FINANCIAL ELIGIBILITY § 1611.9 Retainer agreements. (a) When a recipient provides extended service to a client,...

  9. Retaining Principals. ERIC Digest Number 147.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hertling, Elizabeth

    This Digest examines the reasons why--outside of retirement--school principals leave their jobs. It also lists strategies districts can employ to retain principals. Many principals exit their profession because of the long hours, the workload and complexity of the job, the unending supervision of evening activities, the minimal pay difference…

  10. Reteniendo los directores (Retaining Principals). ERIC Digest.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hertling, Elizabeth

    This digest in Spanish examines the reasons why--outside of retirement--school principals leave their jobs. It also lists strategies districts can employ to retain principals. Many principals exit their profession because of the long hours, the workload and complexity of the job, the unending supervision of evening activities, the minimal pay…

  11. Recruiting, Retaining, and Fairly Compensating Our Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lynch, Matthew

    2012-01-01

    This article examines three interlinked problems facing public schools today: how to recruit, retain, and pay our teachers. The article begins with an overview of the current situation in the United States, paying particular attention to schools in areas where minorities are the majority. It goes on to examine some of the causes of teacher…

  12. Stopping the Leak: Retaining Beginning Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Richardson, Rita C.; Glessner, Linda L.; Tolson, Homer

    2007-01-01

    The need for teacher retention has prompted numerous American states to provide programs for training mentors. The goal of mentor training is to offer a support mechanism that will retain novice teachers and assist them in developing their teaching skills. Such a program is the Texas Beginning Educator Support System (TxBESS) which has supported…

  13. Stragegies for Attracting and Retaining Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bland, Paul; Church, Edwin; Luo, Mingchu

    2014-01-01

    Attracting and retaining high quality teachers is a challenge for many school districts. This is especially true in a time of increased accountability and limited resources. This report details best practice in the training, hiring, improvement, and retention of high quality teaching staff. The authors explain how school leaders can attract…

  14. Retained Gas Sampler Calibration and Simulant Tests

    SciTech Connect

    CRAWFORD, B.A.

    2000-01-05

    This test plan provides a method for calibration of the retained gas sampler (RGS) for ammonia gas analysis. Simulant solutions of ammonium hydroxide at known concentrations will be diluted with isotopically labeled 0.04 M ammonium hydroxide solution. Sea sand solids will also be mixed with ammonium hydroxide solution and diluent to determine the accuracy of the system for ammonia gas analysis.

  15. Subarachnoid hemorrhage due to retained lumbar drain.

    PubMed

    Guppy, Kern H; Silverthorn, James W; Akins, Paul T

    2011-12-01

    Intrathecal spinal catheters (lumbar drains) are indicated for several medical and surgical conditions. In neurosurgical procedures, they are used to reduce intracranial and intrathecal pressures by diverting CSF. They have also been placed for therapeutic access to administer drugs, and more recently, vascular surgeons have used them to improve spinal cord perfusion during the treatment of thoracic aortic aneurysms. Insertion of these lumbar drains is not without attendant complications. One complication is the shearing of the distal end of the catheter with a resultant retained fragment. The authors report the case of a 65-year-old man who presented with a subarachnoid hemorrhage due to the migration of a retained lumbar drain that sheared off during its removal. To the best of the authors' knowledge, this is the first case of rostral migration of a retained intrathecal catheter causing subarachnoid hemorrhage. The authors review the literature on retained intrathecal spinal catheters, and their findings support either early removal of easily accessible catheters or close monitoring with serial imaging.

  16. Retaining Excellent Teachers through Effective Leadership

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Le, Connie

    2013-01-01

    School districts continue to face challenges in retaining talented teachers in their schools. There are many factors that contribute to teacher retention, including working conditions, a lack of leadership support, and poor leadership behavior. In a southeastern U.S. state, local school officials were seeking strategies to provide an excellent…

  17. The practice and earnings of preventive medicine physicians.

    PubMed

    Salive, M E

    1992-01-01

    A shortage of preventive medicine (PM) physicians exists in the United States. Researchers know little about these physicians' earnings and practice characteristics. The American College of Preventive Medicine (ACPM) mailed a survey to all self-identified PM physicians on the American Medical Association (AMA) Physician Masterfile. A total of 3,771 (54%) responded; respondents' sex and region of residence were typical for PM physicians in general, with a slight excess of older physicians and those reporting board certification. A total of 2,664 (71%) were working full time, with median earnings of $85,000 (mean $90,000). Among full-time physicians, relatively higher earnings were associated with the following characteristics: male sex; age 45 to 64 years; major source of income from clinical, business, or industrial sources, rather than governmental or academic; and PM board certification. Full-time PM physicians earned much less than office-based private practitioners in several primary care specialties in 1989. The gap in earnings between PM specialists in government positions and those in the private sector is also substantial. Both disparities may require creative solutions.

  18. Handedness, Earnings, Ability and Personality. Evidence from the Lab

    PubMed Central

    2016-01-01

    Evidence showing that on average left-handed (L), who are 10% in a population, tend to earn less than others is solely based on survey data. This paper is the first to test the relationship between handedness and earnings experimentally and also to assess whether the mechanism underlying it is predominantly cognitive or psychological. Data on 432 undergraduate students show that L do not obtain significantly different payoffs, a proxy for earnings, in a stylised labour market with multiple principals and agents. Similarly, scores in the Cognitive Reflection Test are not significantly different. Data on personality, measured using the Big Five test, show, instead, that L are significantly more agreeable and L females more extroverted. In addition, earnings significantly vary with personality only for L, increasing with extraversion and decreasing with neuroticism. Overall, our results fail to reject the null hypothesis that earnings do not differ by handedness and suggest differences in personality as a novel mechanism to rationalise L’s behaviour. PMID:27788156

  19. 23-gauge vitrectomy for retained lens material.

    PubMed

    Bhandari, Ramanath; Ernst, Benjamin J; Stafeeva, Ksenia; Mandava, Naresh; Quiroz-Mercado, Hugo

    2012-07-01

    A technique for removal of retained lens material is described with a three-port 23-gauge vitrectomy system. Removal of the core vitreous is first performed, followed by removal of the cortical vitreous. All vitreous adhesions to the lens are cleared. The cut rate is then decreased to 1,500 cuts per minute, and vacuum increased to 600 mm Hg. The cortical lens material is cleared first, and then the nuclear material is taken with the same vitrectomy probe using the light pipe to assist in crushing the nuclear fragments. With this technique, even large dense nuclear and cortical retained lens material can be removed from the vitreous chamber without the need for a fragmatome. PMID:22692723

  20. 9 CFR 441.10 - Retained water.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... standard for Salmonella as set forth in the PR/HACCP regulations (9 CFR 310.25(b), 381.94(b)) and the time/temperature requirements set forth in 9 CFR 381.66. Additional purposes that could be included are determining... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Retained water. 441.10 Section...

  1. 9 CFR 441.10 - Retained water.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... standard for Salmonella as set forth in the PR/HACCP regulations (9 CFR 310.25(b), 381.94(b)) and the time/temperature requirements set forth in 9 CFR 381.66. Additional purposes that could be included are determining... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Retained water. 441.10 Section...

  2. 9 CFR 441.10 - Retained water.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... standard for Salmonella as set forth in the PR/HACCP regulations (9 CFR 310.25(b), 381.94(b)) and the time/temperature requirements set forth in 9 CFR 381.66. Additional purposes that could be included are determining... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Retained water. 441.10 Section...

  3. 9 CFR 441.10 - Retained water.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... standard for Salmonella as set forth in the PR/HACCP regulations (9 CFR 310.25(b), 381.94(b)) and the time/temperature requirements set forth in 9 CFR 381.66. Additional purposes that could be included are determining... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Retained water. 441.10 Section...

  4. 9 CFR 441.10 - Retained water.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... standard for Salmonella as set forth in the PR/HACCP regulations (9 CFR 310.25(b), 381.94(b)) and the time/temperature requirements set forth in 9 CFR 381.66. Additional purposes that could be included are determining... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Retained water. 441.10 Section...

  5. Retaining nursing faculty beyond retirement age.

    PubMed

    Williamson, Marvel L; Cook, Linda; Salmeron, Lois; Burton, Denise

    2010-01-01

    The number of nursing faculty planning to retire by 2020 is alarming. To develop strategies for retaining faculty, researchers asked: What factors influence the decision by nursing faculty to stay in the workforce past retirement age? What barriers could be removed that would encourage faculty to stay longer? Using Giorgi's analysis method, findings from 6 faculty teaching past retirement age revealed key meaning units and grand themes that match Maslow's Hierarchy of Inborn Needs.

  6. Retaining latch for a water pit gate

    DOEpatents

    Beale, Arden R.

    1997-01-01

    A retaining latch for use in a hazardous materials storage or handling facility to adjustably retain a water pit gate in a gate frame. A retaining latch is provided comprising a latch plate which is rotatably mounted to each end of the top of the gate and a recessed opening, formed in the gate frame, for engaging an edge of the latch plate. The latch plate is circular in profile with one side cut away or flat, such that the latch plate is D-shaped. The remaining circular edge of the latch plate comprises steps of successively reduced thickness. The stepped edge of the latch plate fits inside a recessed opening formed in the gate frame. As the latch plate is rotated, alternate steps of the latch plate are engaged by the recessed opening. When the latch plate is rotated such that the flat portion of the latch plate faces the recessed opening in the gate frame, there is no connection between the opening and the latch plate and the gate is unlatched from the gate frame.

  7. Dynamic response of cantilever retaining walls

    SciTech Connect

    Veletsos, A.S.; Younan, A.H.; Bandyopadhyay, K.

    1996-10-01

    A critical evaluation is made of the response to horizontal ground shaking of flexible cantilever retaining walls that are elastically constrained against rotation at their base. The retained medium is idealized as a uniform, linear, viscoelastic stratum of constant thickness and semi-infinite extent in the horizontal direction. The parameters varied include the flexibilities of the wall and its base, the properties of the retained medium, and the characteristics of the ground motion. In addition to long-period, effectively static excitations, both harmonic base motions and an actual earthquake record are considered. The response quantities examined include the displacements of the wall relative to the moving base, the wall pressures, and the associated shears and bending moments. The method of analysis employed is described only briefly, emphasis being placed on the presentation and interpretation of the comprehensive numerical solutions. It is shown that, for realistic wall flexibilities, the maximum wall forces are significantly lower than those obtained for fixed-based rigid walls and potentially of the same order of magnitude as those computed by the Mononobe-Okabe method.

  8. Retaining latch for a water pit gate

    DOEpatents

    Beale, A.R.

    1997-11-18

    A retaining latch is described for use in a hazardous materials storage or handling facility to adjustably retain a water pit gate in a gate frame. A retaining latch is provided comprising a latch plate which is rotatably mounted to each end of the top of the gate and a recessed opening, formed in the gate frame, for engaging an edge of the latch plate. The latch plate is circular in profile with one side cut away or flat, such that the latch plate is D-shaped. The remaining circular edge of the latch plate comprises steps of successively reduced thickness. The stepped edge of the latch plate fits inside a recessed opening formed in the gate frame. As the latch plate is rotated, alternate steps of the latch plate are engaged by the recessed opening. When the latch plate is rotated such that the flat portion of the latch plate faces the recessed opening in the gate frame, there is no connection between the opening and the latch plate and the gate is unlatched from the gate frame. 4 figs.

  9. Deterioration in the earnings quality of electric utilities

    SciTech Connect

    Becker, C.M.; Matulich, S.

    1984-03-01

    Concern over the financial damage suffered by electric utilities during the past two decades prompted the authors of this article to a critical examination of the financial viability of the industry. Factors contributing to a widespread erosion of utility earnings and net worth (changes in the operating environment and escalated inflation rates) are not the only objects of their attention. Accounting procedures that are employed to enhance the balance sheet serve only to mask existing weakness and distort reported earnings. Problems of liquidity and profitability are further exacerbated by imprudent capital structures. Although inflation may abate, easing financial pressures in some degree, the problem of high-quality earnings growth continues. 5 references, 2 tables.

  10. Danwei Profitability and Earnings Inequality in Urban China*

    PubMed Central

    Xie, Yu; Wu, Xiaogang

    2009-01-01

    Prior research has debated the relative importance of such factors as human capital, political capital and region in determining workers’ earnings in reform-era urban China. This article argues that a main agent of social stratification in contemporary China continues to be the danwei, the work unit. Using data from a 1999 survey we conducted in three large Chinese cities, Wuhan, Shanghai and Xi’an, we assess the extent to which workers’ earnings (including regular wages, bonuses and subsidies) depend on the profitability of their danwei. Results show that the financial situation of the danwei is one of the most important determinants of earnings in today’s urban China. Furthermore, the importance of danwei profitability does not vary by city or by employment sector. PMID:20445771

  11. Danwei Profitability and Earnings Inequality in Urban China.

    PubMed

    Xie, Yu; Wu, Xiaogang

    2008-09-01

    Prior research has debated the relative importance of such factors as human capital, political capital and region in determining workers' earnings in reform-era urban China. This article argues that a main agent of social stratification in contemporary China continues to be the danwei, the work unit. Using data from a 1999 survey we conducted in three large Chinese cities, Wuhan, Shanghai and Xi'an, we assess the extent to which workers' earnings (including regular wages, bonuses and subsidies) depend on the profitability of their danwei. Results show that the financial situation of the danwei is one of the most important determinants of earnings in today's urban China. Furthermore, the importance of danwei profitability does not vary by city or by employment sector. PMID:20445771

  12. DOD Overseas Schools: Compensation Adequate for Recruiting and Retaining Well-Qualified Teachers. Report to Congressional Requesters.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shaul, Marnie S.

    The National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2002 directed the U.S. General Accounting Office to determine whether the Department of Defense (DOD) overseas teachers' compensation package is adequate to recruit and retain qualified teachers. The Act also required GAO to determine whether or not any revisions to the law governing DOD…

  13. Self Retaining Anti-Rotation Key

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Dixon, Alan Benjamin Christopher (Inventor)

    2015-01-01

    Anti-rotation keys are typically used in applications where an end of a threaded stud is received in a housing, and where the opposite end of the stud projects from the housing to allow attachment of another component to the housing. Once partially received in the housing, further rotation of the stud is prevented by an anti-rotation key. The disclosed anti-rotation key is self-retaining, in that it prevents itself from "backing out" of the channel due to vibration or thermal expansion of the housing, etc., while also being removable from the channel if desired.

  14. Endoscopic removal of retained T- tube fragment.

    PubMed

    Chandrasekar, Thoguluva Seshadri; Murugesh, Mallaiyappan; Radhakrishnan, Subbaiah; Sadagopan, Thiruvengadam; Hussain, Abdul Cadar Mohammed Hameed

    2009-01-01

    T-tube usage is common following common bile duct exploration for calculi and other complex biliary surgeries to ensure proper biliary diversion and healing. A 25-year-old woman was referred from a surgical unit with a history of open cholecystectomy and common bile duct exploration for cholelithiasis and choledocholithiasis with T-tube placement in the common bile duct for postoperative biliary diversion. While retrieving the T-tube, it got fractured and the fragment remained in the bile duct. We report a rare case of retained T-tube fragment after T-tube removal that was retrieved endoscopically.

  15. Endoscopic removal of retained T- tube fragment

    PubMed Central

    Chandrasekar, Thoguluva Seshadri; Murugesh, Mallaiyappan; Radhakrishnan, Subbaiah; Sadagopan, Thiruvengadam; Hussain, Abdul cadar Mohammed Hameed

    2009-01-01

    T-tube usage is common following common bile duct exploration for calculi and other complex biliary surgeries to ensure proper biliary diversion and healing. A 25-year-old woman was referred from a surgical unit with a history of open cholecystectomy and common bile duct exploration for cholelithiasis and choledocholithiasis with T-tube placement in the common bile duct for postoperative biliary diversion. While retrieving the T-tube, it got fractured and the fragment remained in the bile duct. We report a rare case of retained T-tube fragment after T-tube removal that was retrieved endoscopically. PMID:21686845

  16. Retaining Device For One-Piece Battery

    DOEpatents

    Gilabert, Claude; Leturque, Michel; Verhoog, Roclof

    2000-08-01

    The present invention consists of a device for retaining a one-piece battery with a prismatic casing having two longitudinal walls and two transverse walls. The device contains two plates applied to respective transverse walls and at least one cinching mechanism for the plates consisting of at least one flat strip closed on itself surrounding the longitudinal walls and the transverse walls are provided with the plates. The device is characterized in that at least one of the plates contains at least one recessed housing and the strip closely follows the shape of the housing.

  17. Endoscopic removal of retained T- tube fragment.

    PubMed

    Chandrasekar, Thoguluva Seshadri; Murugesh, Mallaiyappan; Radhakrishnan, Subbaiah; Sadagopan, Thiruvengadam; Hussain, Abdul Cadar Mohammed Hameed

    2009-01-01

    T-tube usage is common following common bile duct exploration for calculi and other complex biliary surgeries to ensure proper biliary diversion and healing. A 25-year-old woman was referred from a surgical unit with a history of open cholecystectomy and common bile duct exploration for cholelithiasis and choledocholithiasis with T-tube placement in the common bile duct for postoperative biliary diversion. While retrieving the T-tube, it got fractured and the fragment remained in the bile duct. We report a rare case of retained T-tube fragment after T-tube removal that was retrieved endoscopically. PMID:21686845

  18. Ageism in the labor market: estimating earnings discrimination against older workers.

    PubMed

    Wanner, R A; McDonald, L

    1983-11-01

    In this paper we attempt to determine the degree to which older persons employed full-time experience a decline in earnings not related to a decline in productivity. We label such a decline in earnings "discrimination." Using panel data for a cohort of men aged 45 to 54 in 1966, we examined trends in earnings between 1966 and 1976 and the effects of labor force experience on earnings controlling for factors related to productivity, such as health, time on the job, and specific occupational training, as well as other factors known to influence earnings levels. Comparing earnings attainment models estimated at both time periods, the effect of experience on earnings was negligible in 1966 but substantial and negative in 1976. By far the largest component in the real earnings decline experienced by these men between 1966 and 1976 was associated with the increase in age-related experience.

  19. Reconsidering the Use of Nonlinearites in Intergenerational Earnings Mobility as a Test for Credit Constraints

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grawe, Nathan D.

    2004-01-01

    The intergenerational earnings regression in Canada suggest that credit limits educational choice. Nonlinearities in earnings regressions cannot be used as evidence of binding credit constraints, and concave regressions do not follow from credit constraints.

  20. Job Search Methods: Consequences for Gender-based Earnings Inequality.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Huffman, Matt L.; Torres, Lisa

    2001-01-01

    Data from adults in Atlanta, Boston, and Los Angeles (n=1,942) who searched for work using formal (ads, agencies) or informal (networks) methods indicated that type of method used did not contribute to the gender gap in earnings. Results do not support formal job search as a way to reduce gender inequality. (Contains 55 references.) (SK)

  1. 76 FR 7526 - Major System Acquisition; Earned Value Management

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-10

    ... Weber (Mail stop 5K80), NASA Headquarters, Office of Procurement, Contract Management Division... INFORMATION CONTACT: Carl Weber, NASA, Office of Procurement, Contract Management Division (Suite 5K80); (202... SPACE ADMINISTRATION 48 CFR Part 1834 RIN 2700-AD29 Major System Acquisition; Earned Value...

  2. 12 CFR 615.5215 - Distribution of earnings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... POLICIES AND OPERATIONS, AND FUNDING OPERATIONS Capital Adequacy § 615.5215 Distribution of earnings. The boards of directors of System institutions may not reduce the permanent capital of the institution... capital of the institution would fail to meet the minimum permanent capital adequacy standard...

  3. Earned Degrees in Classics 1965-1968; New England.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Classical League, Oxford, OH.

    A statistical breakdown of earned degrees in classics from 1965 through 1968 presents data primarily classified by region. Tables covering New England, Mideast. Great Lakes, Plains, Southeast, Southwest, Rocky Mountains, and Far West include figures on degrees conferred by institution. Regional, state, and national totals represent corresponding…

  4. Ethnicity, Education, and Earnings in Bolivia and Guatemala.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Psacharopoulos, George

    1993-01-01

    In Guatemala and Bolivia, countries with high proportions of ethnic (Native) population, indigenous workers had lower educational attainment and earned less at every educational level, relative to nonindigenous workers. The differences between ethnic groups were greater in Guatemala than Bolivia. (SV)

  5. 25 CFR 20.308 - What does earned income include?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR HUMAN SERVICES FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE AND SOCIAL SERVICES PROGRAMS Direct Assistance Determining Need and Income § 20.308 What does earned income... in producing the goods or services). Business expenses do not include depreciation, personal...

  6. 25 CFR 20.308 - What does earned income include?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR HUMAN SERVICES FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE AND SOCIAL SERVICES PROGRAMS Direct Assistance Determining Need and Income § 20.308 What does earned income... in producing the goods or services). Business expenses do not include depreciation, personal...

  7. 25 CFR 20.308 - What does earned income include?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR HUMAN SERVICES FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE AND SOCIAL SERVICES PROGRAMS Direct Assistance Determining Need and Income § 20.308 What does earned income... in producing the goods or services). Business expenses do not include depreciation, personal...

  8. Psychology Baccalaureates at Work: Major Area Subspecializations, Earnings, and Occupations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rajecki, D. W.

    2012-01-01

    A Census Bureau national survey identified baccalaureates aged up to 64 years having major area subspecializations labeled "psychology," "industrial/organizational (I/O) psychology," and "counseling psychology." Median 2009 earnings of all such types of baccalaureate psychology alumni were well below the distribution mean of the 153 fields in the…

  9. 48 CFR 52.234-4 - Earned Value Management System.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... with EVMS guidelines or the Contractor does not have an existing cost/schedule control system that is... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 2 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Earned Value Management System. 52.234-4 Section 52.234-4 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION...

  10. 26 CFR 1.1502-43 - Consolidated accumulated earnings tax.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ..., 2009. For returns due before December 21, 2009, see § 1.1502-43T as contained in 26 CFR part 1 in... 26 Internal Revenue 12 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Consolidated accumulated earnings tax. 1.1502...) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Special Taxes and Taxpayers § 1.1502-43...

  11. 26 CFR 1.1502-43 - Consolidated accumulated earnings tax.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ..., 2009. For returns due before December 21, 2009, see § 1.1502-43T as contained in 26 CFR part 1 in... 26 Internal Revenue 12 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Consolidated accumulated earnings tax. 1.1502...) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES Special Taxes and Taxpayers § 1.1502-43 Consolidated...

  12. Education and Earnings Inequality in Mexico. Policy Research Working Papers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lachler, Ulrich

    Educational attainment levels increased dramatically for Mexico's labor force in the 1980s and early 1990s. In parallel, the country experienced a pronounced increase in earnings inequality from 1984 to 1994, reflected in a higher dispersion of wages and an absolute decline in the real incomes of less educated, poorer Mexicans. This situation…

  13. The Impact of Student Earnings in Offsetting "Unmet Need."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stampen, Jacob O.; And Others

    1988-01-01

    Student financial aid grants often fall short of amounts suggested by standard needs analysis systems, creating "unmet need," which some students try to offset with employment earnings. This study indicates that employed aid recipients can often offset unmet need, while nonworking recipients are at a financial disadvantage. Includes five tables,…

  14. How Money Matters: College, Motherhood, Earnings, and Wives' Housework

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Usdansky, Margaret L.; Parker, Wendy M.

    2011-01-01

    Using new data from the American Time Use Survey (ATUS), the authors consider how educational and parental status influence the relationship between wives' relative earnings and the time they devote to housework in a climate of heightened gender egalitarianism and growing similarity between women's and men's time use. The authors capitalize on the…

  15. Helping Working Families: The Earned Income Tax Credit.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoffman, Saul D.; Seidman, Laurence S.

    The impact of the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) on working families was analyzed. The analysis established that the EITC is, on balance, a highly effective program that meets its primary objectives well. The following benefits of the EITC were identified: (1) it reduced the poverty rate in 1999 by an estimated 1.5 percentage points; (2) it is…

  16. Measuring the Earnings Returns to Lifelong Learning in the UK

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blanden, Jo; Buscha, Franz; Sturgis, Patrick; Urwin, Peter

    2012-01-01

    This paper examines the earnings returns to learning that takes place following the conventional "school-to-work" stage of the life-course. We operationalise such "lifelong learning" as the attainment of certified qualifications in adulthood, following the completion of the first period of continuous full-time education. Using data from the…

  17. 26 CFR 1.1502-43 - Consolidated accumulated earnings tax.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ..., 2009. For returns due before December 21, 2009, see § 1.1502-43T as contained in 26 CFR part 1 in... 26 Internal Revenue 12 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Consolidated accumulated earnings tax. 1.1502...) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Special Taxes and Taxpayers § 1.1502-43...

  18. 26 CFR 1.1502-43 - Consolidated accumulated earnings tax.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ..., 2009. For returns due before December 21, 2009, see § 1.1502-43T as contained in 26 CFR part 1 in... 26 Internal Revenue 12 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Consolidated accumulated earnings tax. 1.1502...) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Special Taxes and Taxpayers § 1.1502-43...

  19. Gender and Racial Gaps in Earnings among Recent College Graduates

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zhang, Liang

    2008-01-01

    Using a nationally representative sample of baccalaureate graduates from 1993 (B&B 93/97/03), I explore factors that contribute to the gender and racial gap in earnings among recent college graduate. Results indicate that college major remains the most significant factor in accounting for the gender gap in pay. Female graduates are still left…

  20. An Investigation into Managers' Language Use in Earnings Press Releases

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Riley, Tracey Jean

    2011-01-01

    For years, researchers have examined financial data in corporate earnings announcements and their influence on market participants. More recently, a body of research has been developing recognizing the impact of narrative disclosures and managers' deliberate language choices. However, no prior studies have investigated those language choices of…

  1. The Characteristics, Education and Earnings of Technicians. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Winnick, Andrew J.

    This report is concerned with the classification, education, training, and earnings of technicians. The report seeks an operational definition of the term "technical" and examines how one classifies individuals into the technical category. Improved methods of occupational classification are sought, using the statistical technique of discriminate…

  2. Investigating the Differences in Weekly Earnings of Women and Men.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mellor, Earl F.

    1984-01-01

    Discusses reasons for the differences in earnings between men and women: (1) differences in the labor market characteristics between men and women, (2) differences in the distribution of men and women among different jobs, and (3) discrimination in the labor market. (JOW)

  3. Job Preferences, College Major, and the Gender Gap in Earnings.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Daymont, Thomas N.; Andrisani, Paul J.

    1984-01-01

    The different preferences for occupational roles and college majors of the recent college graduates in this study account for one-third to two-thirds of the gender differences in earnings three years after graduation. The implications for estimating labor market discrimination are discussed. (SK)

  4. 48 CFR 252.234-7002 - Earned Value Management System.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Earned Value Management System. 252.234-7002 Section 252.234-7002 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE ACQUISITION REGULATIONS SYSTEM, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CLAUSES AND FORMS SOLICITATION PROVISIONS AND CONTRACT CLAUSES Text of Provisions And Clauses...

  5. 48 CFR 252.234-7002 - Earned Value Management System.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Earned Value Management System. 252.234-7002 Section 252.234-7002 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE ACQUISITION REGULATIONS SYSTEM, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CLAUSES AND FORMS SOLICITATION PROVISIONS AND CONTRACT CLAUSES Text of Provisions And Clauses...

  6. 25 CFR 20.308 - What does earned income include?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... SOCIAL SERVICES PROGRAMS Direct Assistance Determining Need and Income § 20.308 What does earned income..., the sale of farm crops, livestock, or professional artists producing art work); and (b) With regard to... and entertainment expenses, personal transportation, capital equipment purchases, or...

  7. 25 CFR 20.308 - What does earned income include?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... SOCIAL SERVICES PROGRAMS Direct Assistance Determining Need and Income § 20.308 What does earned income..., the sale of farm crops, livestock, or professional artists producing art work); and (b) With regard to... and entertainment expenses, personal transportation, capital equipment purchases, or...

  8. Schooling, Experience, and Earnings. Human Behavior & Social Institutions No. 2.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mincer, Jacob

    The author, a pioneering researcher on investment in human capital, presents a seminal attempt at a systematic analysis of personal income distribution. The framework is a human capital model based upon the aggregate earnings distribution of white, male, urban workers and the net investments in human capital among these workers. Schooling and…

  9. The Motherhood Earnings Dip: Evidence from Administrative Records

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fernandez-Kranz, Daniel; Lacuesta, Aitor; Rodriguez-Planas, Nuria

    2013-01-01

    Using Spanish Social Security records, we document the channels through which mothers fall onto a lower earnings track, such as shifting into part- time work, accumulating lower experience, or transitioning to lower-paying jobs, and are able to explain 71 percent of the unconditional individual fixed- effects motherhood wage gap. The earnings…

  10. Panel Estimates of Male-Female Earnings Functions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kim, Moon-Kak; Polachek, Solomon W.

    1994-01-01

    Application of single and simultaneous equation fixed-effects and random-effects shows that earnings appreciation with experience and depreciation with labor market interruptions are comparable for men and women. Adjusting for heterogeneity reduces the wage gap to 20%; adjusting for endogeneity reduces it nearly to zero. (SK)

  11. The U.S. Chemical Industry, the Money It Earns

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chemical and Engineering News, 1972

    1972-01-01

    This section of the annual report on the chemical industry presents data on industry earnings, sales, and spending related to: rates of return, stock prices, 50 largest chemical makers, ten-year record, funds, debt, capital spending, industry and company data. (PR)

  12. Market Transition and Gender Gap in Earnings in Urban China.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shu, Xiaoling; Bian, Yanjie

    2003-01-01

    Analysis of city-level data and national household surveys in urban China, 1988 and 1995, found no longitudinal change nor city-level variation in the gender gap in earnings. However, during this period of market transition, the gender gap in more-marketized cities became more attributable to market-related mechanisms (education and occupation)…

  13. Job Mobility and Earnings over the Life Cycle.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Borjas, George J.

    1981-01-01

    The prospect of a job change for any reason creates a disincentive for a worker to invest in training that is specific to the current job, and therefore those who change jobs frequently may earn less over their life cycle than those who, other things equal, seldom change jobs. (Author/CT)

  14. Explaining Gender Differences in Earnings in the Microenterprise Sector.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sanchez, Susana M.; Pagan, Jose A.

    Chapter 5 in "The Economics of Gender in Mexico," presents a study analyzed male-female differences in earnings in rural and urban microenterprises in Mexico. Data were gathered from surveys of 1,944 households in 54 rural communities and 11,461 microenterprise owners in 34 urban areas. Findings indicate that female-headed microenterprises in…

  15. ATRF Earns Three Green Globes, Exceeds NIH Building Standards | Poster

    Cancer.gov

    By Ashley DeVine, Staff Writer From project management and energy and water efficiency to emissions and the indoor environment, the Advanced Technology Research Facility (ATRF) was built with sustainability in mind, exceeding the National Institutes of Health’s (NIH’s) building standards and earning three Green Globes from the Green Building Initiative (GBI).

  16. Educators' Degrees Earned on Internet Raise Fraud Issues

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Trotter, Andrew

    2004-01-01

    This article discusses how the degrees earned by a dozen educators on the Internet have raised fraud issues. Small firms known as "credential evaluators" help states and school districts detect educators who present phony or flimsy academic credentials from overseas institutions--a safeguard that is becoming more important with the growth of…

  17. 26 CFR 1.535-3 - Accumulated earnings credit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 7 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Accumulated earnings credit. 1.535-3 Section 1.535-3 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Corporations Used to Avoid Income Tax on Shareholders §...

  18. 76 FR 17995 - Open Meeting of the Taxpayer Advocacy Panel Earned Income Tax Credit Project Committee

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-31

    ... Internal Revenue Service Open Meeting of the Taxpayer Advocacy Panel Earned Income Tax Credit Project... meeting of the Taxpayer Advocacy Panel Earned Income Tax Credit Project Committee will be conducted. The...) that an open meeting of the Taxpayer Advocacy Panel Earned Income Tax Credit Project Committee will...

  19. 76 FR 56879 - Open Meeting of the Taxpayer Advocacy Panel Earned Income Tax Credit Project Committee

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-14

    ... Internal Revenue Service Open Meeting of the Taxpayer Advocacy Panel Earned Income Tax Credit Project... meeting of the Taxpayer Advocacy Panel Earned Income Tax Credit Project Committee will be conducted. The....C. App. (1988) that an open meeting of the Taxpayer Advocacy Panel Earned Income Tax Credit...

  20. 75 FR 18955 - Open Meeting of the Taxpayer Advocacy Panel Earned Income Tax Credit Project Committee.

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-13

    ... Internal Revenue Service Open Meeting of the Taxpayer Advocacy Panel Earned Income Tax Credit Project... meeting of the Taxpayer Advocacy Panel Earned Income Tax Credit Project Committee will be conducted. The...) that an open meeting of the Taxpayer Advocacy Panel Earned Income Tax Credit Project Committee will...

  1. 75 FR 33894 - Open Meeting of the Taxpayer Advocacy Panel Earned Income Tax Credit Project Committee

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-15

    ... Internal Revenue Service Open Meeting of the Taxpayer Advocacy Panel Earned Income Tax Credit Project... meeting of the Taxpayer Advocacy Panel Earned Income Tax Credit Project Committee will be conducted. The...) that an open meeting of the Taxpayer Advocacy Panel Earned Income Tax Credit Project Committee will...

  2. 76 FR 63716 - Open Meeting of the Taxpayer Advocacy Panel Earned Income Tax Credit Project Committee

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-13

    ... Internal Revenue Service Open Meeting of the Taxpayer Advocacy Panel Earned Income Tax Credit Project... meeting of the Taxpayer Advocacy Panel Earned Income Tax Credit Project Committee will be conducted. The....C. App. (1988) that an open meeting of the Taxpayer Advocacy Panel Earned Income Tax Credit...

  3. 76 FR 45006 - Open Meeting of the Taxpayer Advocacy Panel Earned Income Tax Credit Project Committee

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-27

    ... Internal Revenue Service Open Meeting of the Taxpayer Advocacy Panel Earned Income Tax Credit Project... meeting of the Taxpayer Advocacy Panel Earned Income Tax Credit Project Committee will be conducted. The.... (1988) that an open meeting of the Taxpayer Advocacy Panel Earned Income Tax Credit Project...

  4. 75 FR 7540 - Open Meeting of the Taxpayer Advocacy Panel Earned Income Tax Credit Project Committee

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-19

    ... Internal Revenue Service Open Meeting of the Taxpayer Advocacy Panel Earned Income Tax Credit Project... meeting of the Taxpayer Advocacy Panel Earned Income Tax Credit Project Committee will be conducted. The...) that an open meeting of the Taxpayer Advocacy Panel Earned Income Tax Credit Project Committee will...

  5. 75 FR 25316 - Open Meeting of the Taxpayer Advocacy Panel Earned Income Tax Credit Project Committee

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-07

    ... Internal Revenue Service Open Meeting of the Taxpayer Advocacy Panel Earned Income Tax Credit Project... meeting of the Taxpayer Advocacy Panel Earned Income Tax Credit Project Committee will be conducted. The...) that an open meeting of the Taxpayer Advocacy Panel Earned Income Tax Credit Project Committee will...

  6. 76 FR 37199 - Open Meeting of the Taxpayer Advocacy Panel Earned Income Tax Credit Project Committee

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-24

    ... Internal Revenue Service Open Meeting of the Taxpayer Advocacy Panel Earned Income Tax Credit Project... meeting of the Taxpayer Advocacy Panel Earned Income Tax Credit Project Committee will be conducted. The...) that an open meeting of the Taxpayer Advocacy Panel Earned Income Tax Credit Project Committee will...

  7. 76 FR 22171 - Open Meeting of the Taxpayer Advocacy Panel Earned Income Tax Credit Project Committee

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-20

    ... Internal Revenue Service Open Meeting of the Taxpayer Advocacy Panel Earned Income Tax Credit Project... meeting of the Taxpayer Advocacy Panel Earned Income Tax Credit Project Committee will be conducted. The...) that an open meeting of the Taxpayer Advocacy Panel Earned Income Tax Credit Project Committee will...

  8. 75 FR 47349 - Open Meeting of the Taxpayer Advocacy Panel Earned Income Tax Credit Project Committee

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-05

    ... Internal Revenue Service Open Meeting of the Taxpayer Advocacy Panel Earned Income Tax Credit Project... meeting of the Taxpayer Advocacy Panel Earned Income Tax Credit Project Committee will be conducted. The.... (1988) that an open meeting of the Taxpayer Advocacy Panel Earned Income Tax Credit Project...

  9. 75 FR 4140 - Open Meeting of the Taxpayer Advocacy Panel Earned Income Tax Credit Project Committee

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-26

    ... Internal Revenue Service Open Meeting of the Taxpayer Advocacy Panel Earned Income Tax Credit Project... meeting of the Taxpayer Advocacy Panel Earned ] Income Tax Credit Project Committee will be conducted. The...) that an open meeting of the Taxpayer Advocacy Panel Earned Income Tax Credit Project Committee will...

  10. 75 FR 39333 - Open Meeting of the Taxpayer Advocacy Panel Earned Income Tax Credit Project Committee

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-08

    ... Internal Revenue Service Open Meeting of the Taxpayer Advocacy Panel Earned Income Tax Credit Project... meeting of the Taxpayer Advocacy Panel Earned Income Tax Credit Project Committee will be conducted. The...) that an open meeting of the Taxpayer Advocacy Panel Earned Income Tax Credit Project Committee will...

  11. 76 FR 32024 - Open Meeting of the Taxpayer Advocacy Panel Earned Income Tax Credit Project Committee

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-02

    ... Internal Revenue Service Open Meeting of the Taxpayer Advocacy Panel Earned Income Tax Credit Project... meeting of the Taxpayer Advocacy Panel Earned Income Tax Credit Project Committee will be conducted. The...) that an open meeting of the Taxpayer Advocacy Panel Earned Income Tax Credit Project Committee will...

  12. 76 FR 2197 - Open Meeting of the Taxpayer Advocacy Panel Earned Income Tax Credit Project Committee.

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-12

    ... Internal Revenue Service Open Meeting of the Taxpayer Advocacy Panel Earned Income Tax Credit Project... meeting of the Taxpayer Advocacy Panel Earned Income Tax Credit Project Committee will be conducted. The...) that an open meeting of the Taxpayer Advocacy Panel Earned Income Tax Credit Project Committee will...

  13. 75 FR 62632 - Open Meeting of the Taxpayer Advocacy Panel Earned Income Tax Credit Project Committee

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-12

    ... Internal Revenue Service Open Meeting of the Taxpayer Advocacy Panel Earned Income Tax Credit Project... meeting of the Taxpayer Advocacy Panel Earned Income Tax Credit Project Committee will be conducted. The...) that an open meeting of the Taxpayer Advocacy Panel Earned Income Tax Credit Project Committee will...

  14. 76 FR 6188 - Open Meeting of the Taxpayer Advocacy Panel Earned Income Tax Credit Project Committee

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-03

    ... Internal Revenue Service Open Meeting of the Taxpayer Advocacy Panel Earned Income Tax Credit Project... Meeting of the Taxpayer Advocacy Panel Earned Income Tax Credit Project Committee will be conducted. The...) that an open meeting of the Taxpayer Advocacy Panel Earned Income Tax Credit Project Committee will...

  15. 75 FR 55406 - Open Meeting of the Taxpayer Advocacy Panel Earned Income Tax Credit Project Committee

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-10

    ... Internal Revenue Service Open Meeting of the Taxpayer Advocacy Panel Earned Income Tax Credit Project... meeting of the Taxpayer Advocacy Panel Earned Income Tax Credit Project Committee will be conducted. The...) that an open meeting of the Taxpayer Advocacy Panel Earned Income Tax Credit Project Committee will...

  16. 26 CFR 1.911-3 - Determination of amount of foreign earned income to be excluded.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... United States § 1.911-3 Determination of amount of foreign earned income to be excluded. (a) Definition... attributable to services performed in a foreign country or countries. (b) Definition of earned income—(1) In... in any medium other than cash. Earned income does not include any portion of an amount paid by...

  17. Inter-Gender Differentials Between College Students' Earnings Expectations and the Experience of Recent Graduates.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carvajal, Manuel J.; Bendana, David; Bozorgmanesh, Alireza; Castillo, Miguel A.; Pourmasiha, Katayoun; Rao, Priya; Torres, Juan A.

    2000-01-01

    Estimates earnings reported by 219 recent college graduates and earnings expected by 248 college seniors, considering seven variables. Although students' expectations generally accord with recent graduates' marketplace experiences, students underestimate the earnings outcome of working more hours and overestimate age effects. The model holds truer…

  18. 48 CFR 1052.234-72 - Core Earned Value Management System AUG 2011

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... Management System AUG 2011 1052.234-72 Section 1052.234-72 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT... and Clauses 1052.234-72 Core Earned Value Management System AUG 2011 As prescribed in DTAR 1034.203... an earned value management system (EVMS). (a) The Contractor shall use an earned value...

  19. Do Survey Data Estimate Earnings Inequality Correctly? Measurement Errors among Black and White Male Workers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kim, ChangHwan; Tamborini, Christopher R.

    2012-01-01

    Few studies have considered how earnings inequality estimates may be affected by measurement error in self-reported earnings in surveys. Utilizing restricted-use data that links workers in the Survey of Income and Program Participation with their W-2 earnings records, we examine the effect of measurement error on estimates of racial earnings…

  20. The Potential for Personal Development and Transformational Outcomes in Women Earning Online Degrees

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weatherly, Gail; Egan, Toby

    2007-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to review the personal development and transformation of women earning an online degree and to what extent their goals were met through earning the degree. Eighteen adult women who earned a fully online master's degree at least one year ago from a university affiliated with the Southern Regional Education Board were…

  1. 20 CFR 10.527 - Does OWCP verify reports of earnings?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Does OWCP verify reports of earnings? 10.527... AMENDED Continuing Benefits Reports of Earnings from Employment and Self-Employment § 10.527 Does OWCP verify reports of earnings? To make proper determinations of an employee's entitlement to benefits,...

  2. 5 CFR 630.202 - Full biweekly pay period; leave earnings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Full biweekly pay period; leave earnings. 630.202 Section 630.202 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE... biweekly pay period; leave earnings. (a) Full-time employees. A full-time employee earns leave during...

  3. 5 CFR 842.505 - Reduction in annuity supplement because of excess earnings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... of excess earnings. 842.505 Section 842.505 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT... Supplement § 842.505 Reduction in annuity supplement because of excess earnings. (a)(1) Except as provided in... excess earnings in the test year, divided by twelve. (2) Any annuity supplement payable during the...

  4. 20 CFR 416.974a - When and how we will average your earnings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false When and how we will average your earnings... Activity § 416.974a When and how we will average your earnings. (a) To determine your initial eligibility for benefits, we will average any earnings you make during the month you file for benefits and...

  5. 20 CFR 404.210 - Average-indexed-monthly-earnings method.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Average-indexed-monthly-earnings method. 404... DISABILITY INSURANCE (1950- ) Computing Primary Insurance Amounts Average-Indexed-Monthly-Earnings Method of Computing Primary Insurance Amounts § 404.210 Average-indexed-monthly-earnings method. (a) Who is...

  6. The Dynamics and Inequality of Italian Men's Earnings: Long-Term Changes or Transitory Fluctuations?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cappellari, Lorenzo

    2004-01-01

    This paper provides a longitudinal perspective on changes in Italian men's earnings inequality since the late 1970s by decomposing the earnings autocovariance structure into its long-term and transitory parts. Cross-sectional earnings differentials grew over the period and the longitudinal analysis shows that such growth was determined by the…

  7. 48 CFR 352.234-3 - Full earned value management system.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Full earned value....234-3 Full earned value management system. As prescribed in 334.203-70(c), the Contracting Officer shall insert the following clause: Full Earned Value Management System (October 2008) (a) The...

  8. 48 CFR 352.234-3 - Full earned value management system.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Full earned value....234-3 Full earned value management system. As prescribed in 334.203-70(c), the Contracting Officer shall insert the following clause: Full Earned Value Management System (October 2008) (a) The...

  9. 48 CFR 352.234-3 - Full earned value management system.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Full earned value....234-3 Full earned value management system. As prescribed in 334.203-70(c), the Contracting Officer shall insert the following clause: Full Earned Value Management System (October 2008) (a) The...

  10. Labor Market Experiences after Postsecondary Education: Earnings and Other Outcomes of Florida's Postsecondary Graduates and Completers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schneider, Mark

    2015-01-01

    This report results from a partnership between the State of Florida and College Measures. It focuses on the median first-year earnings of recent graduates and completers from Florida's public postsecondary educational institutions: SUS, FCS, and DTCs. The report documents the variation in first-year earnings for completers who earned degrees or…

  11. Earnings Losses of Displaced Workers. Upjohn Institute Staff Working Paper 92-11. Revised.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jacobson, Louis; And Others

    To estimate the magnitude and temporal pattern of displaced workers' earning losses, a study used an unusual administrative data set that included employees' quarterly earnings histories and information about their firms. It created a longitudinal earnings file for a 5 percent sample of the Pennsylvania wage and salary work force. These data had…

  12. 20 CFR 404.1080 - Net earnings from self-employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Net earnings from self-employment. 404.1080 Section 404.1080 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION FEDERAL OLD-AGE, SURVIVORS AND... Income § 404.1080 Net earnings from self-employment. (a) Definition of net earnings from...

  13. 20 CFR 404.1574a - When and how we will average your earnings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false When and how we will average your earnings... Activity § 404.1574a When and how we will average your earnings. (a) If your work as an employee or as a... has been no change in the substantial gainful activity earnings levels, we will average your...

  14. 20 CFR 404.803 - Conclusiveness of the record of your earnings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Conclusiveness of the record of your earnings... the record of your earnings. (a) Generally. For social security purposes, SSA records are evidence of the amounts of your earnings and the periods in which they were received. (b) Before time limit...

  15. Recruiting and retaining indigenous farmworker participants

    PubMed Central

    Farquhar, Stephanie; de Jesus Gonzalez, Carmen; Hall, Jennifer; Samples, Julie; Ventura, Santiago; Sanchez, Valentin; Shadbeh, Nargess

    2013-01-01

    There is limited information on the specific practices used to successfully recruit and retain indigenous and Latino farmworkers in research studies. This article describes the strategies used in a community-based participatory research project with indigenous agricultural workers. Participants were recruited through consulting with indigenous relatives and friends, identifying and meeting with indigenous leaders from hometown associations in countries of origin, and asking current participants to recruit fellow farmworkers. Adjustments were initiated to the second year protocol to enhance recruitment and retention. The difference in attrition rates between years one and two was statistically significant, a difference partially attributed to modifications to recruitment and retention protocol. Findings confirmed that active recruitment techniques and word-of-mouth recruitment were more effective than passive methods. Trust among academic, organization, and community partners, and shared language and culture between those doing the recruitment and the participants, contributed to sustained farmworker participation. PMID:23733354

  16. Should PTSD Criterion A be retained?

    PubMed

    Kilpatrick, Dean G; Resnick, Heidi S; Acierno, Ron

    2009-10-01

    Criterion A has been controversial since its inception, partially because it performs a key gate keeping function. Major criticisms of Criterion A of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV; American Psychiatric Association, 1994) include that it has resulted in "criterion creep." The authors tested the hypothesis that a nonrestrictive definition would substantially increase posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) prevalence by determining PTSD based on Criteria B, C, D, E, and F, without restricting Criterion A in large probability samples of U.S. adolescents and Florida adults. Few PTSD cases occurred in the absence of Criterion A1 events, providing little support for the criterion creep hypothesis. Specific recommendations are to retain Criterion A; permit additional events; consider expanding Criterion A2; consider that either Criterion A1 or A2 be met; and place greater emphasis on Criterion F.

  17. Detail view of Bonita Ridge Access Road Retaining Wall showing ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Detail view of Bonita Ridge Access Road Retaining Wall showing drainpipes, camera facing northwest - Fort Barry, Bonita Ridge Access Road, Retaining Wall, Point Bonita, Marin Headlands, Sausalito, Marin County, CA

  18. View of northern end of Bonita Ridge Access Road Retaining ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    View of northern end of Bonita Ridge Access Road Retaining Wall, camera facing northwest - Fort Barry, Bonita Ridge Access Road, Retaining Wall, Point Bonita, Marin Headlands, Sausalito, Marin County, CA

  19. 40 CFR 98.277 - Records that must be retained.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... reference, see § 98.7) or an online measurement system). If an online measurement system is used, you must... retained. In addition to the information required by § 98.3(g), you must retain the records in...

  20. 40 CFR 98.277 - Records that must be retained.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... reference, see § 98.7) or an online measurement system). If an online measurement system is used, you must... retained. In addition to the information required by § 98.3(g), you must retain the records in...

  1. 40 CFR 98.277 - Records that must be retained.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... reference, see § 98.7) or an online measurement system). If an online measurement system is used, you must... retained. In addition to the information required by § 98.3(g), you must retain the records in...

  2. 40 CFR 98.277 - Records that must be retained.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... reference, see § 98.7) or an online measurement system). If an online measurement system is used, you must... retained. In addition to the information required by § 98.3(g), you must retain the records in...

  3. 40 CFR 98.467 - Records that must be retained.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... retained. In addition to the information required by § 98.3(g), you must retain the calibration records for all monitoring equipment, including the method or manufacturer's specification used for...

  4. 40 CFR 98.347 - Records that must be retained.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... retained. In addition to the information required by § 98.3(g), you must retain the calibration records for all monitoring equipment, including the method or manufacturer's specification used for...

  5. 40 CFR 98.347 - Records that must be retained.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... retained. In addition to the information required by § 98.3(g), you must retain the calibration records for all monitoring equipment, including the method or manufacturer's specification used for calibration....

  6. 40 CFR 98.467 - Records that must be retained.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... retained. In addition to the information required by § 98.3(g), you must retain the calibration records for all monitoring equipment, including the method or manufacturer's specification used for...

  7. 40 CFR 98.347 - Records that must be retained.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... retained. In addition to the information required by § 98.3(g), you must retain the calibration records for all monitoring equipment, including the method or manufacturer's specification used for...

  8. 40 CFR 98.347 - Records that must be retained.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... retained. In addition to the information required by § 98.3(g), you must retain the calibration records for all monitoring equipment, including the method or manufacturer's specification used for...

  9. Integration Interrupted: Tracking, Black Students, and Acting White after "Brown"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tyson, Karolyn, Ed.

    2011-01-01

    An all-too-popular explanation for why black students aren't doing better in school is their own use of the "acting white" slur to ridicule fellow blacks for taking advanced classes, doing schoolwork, and striving to earn high grades. Carefully reconsidering how and why black students have come to equate school success with whiteness, "Integration…

  10. The influence of enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems' performance on earnings management

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tsai, Wen-Hsien; Lee, Kuen-Chang; Liu, Jau-Yang; Lin, Sin-Jin; Chou, Yu-Wei

    2012-11-01

    We analyse whether there is a linkage between performance measures of enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems and earnings management. We find that earnings management decreases with the higher performance of ERP systems. The empirical result is as expected. We further analyse how the dimension of the DeLone and McLean model of information systems success affects earnings management. We find that the relationship between the performance of ERP systems and earnings management depends on System Quality after ERP implementation. The more System Quality improves, the more earnings management is reduced.

  11. New-Teacher Excellence: Retaining Our Best.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Joftus, Scott; Maddox-Dolan, Brenda

    As school districts nationwide work to implement the federal No Child Left Behind Act of 2001, they may be inadvertently accelerating the departure of experienced teachers and failing to adequately support new teachers. The Alliance for Excellent Education believes that this problem requires a two-pronged solution: financial incentives for…

  12. 75 FR 6231 - Securities Act of 1933; Securities Exchange Act of 1934; Order Regarding Review of FASB...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-08

    ... ``generally accepted'' under Section 108 of the Act.\\1\\ As a consequence of that recognition, the Commission... have additional sources of revenue for its activities, such as earnings from sales of publications, provided that each additional source of revenue shall not jeopardize, in the judgment of the...

  13. 78 FR 20705 - Securities Act of 1933; Securities Exchange Act of 1934; Order Regarding Review of FASB...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-05

    ... have additional sources of revenue for its activities, such as earnings from sales of publications, provided that each additional source of revenue shall not jeopardize, in the judgment of the Commission... ``generally accepted'' under Section 108 of the Act.\\1\\ As a consequence of that recognition, the...

  14. 30 CFR 47.55 - Retaining an MSDS.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Retaining an MSDS. 47.55 Section 47.55 Mineral... COMMUNICATION (HazCom) Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) § 47.55 Retaining an MSDS. The operator must— (a) Retain its MSDS for as long as the hazardous chemical is known to be at the mine, and (b) Notify...

  15. 30 CFR 47.55 - Retaining an MSDS.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Retaining an MSDS. 47.55 Section 47.55 Mineral... COMMUNICATION (HazCom) Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) § 47.55 Retaining an MSDS. The operator must— (a) Retain its MSDS for as long as the hazardous chemical is known to be at the mine, and (b) Notify...

  16. 30 CFR 47.55 - Retaining an MSDS.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Retaining an MSDS. 47.55 Section 47.55 Mineral... COMMUNICATION (HazCom) Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) § 47.55 Retaining an MSDS. The operator must— (a) Retain its MSDS for as long as the hazardous chemical is known to be at the mine, and (b) Notify...

  17. 30 CFR 47.55 - Retaining an MSDS.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Retaining an MSDS. 47.55 Section 47.55 Mineral... COMMUNICATION (HazCom) Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) § 47.55 Retaining an MSDS. The operator must— (a) Retain its MSDS for as long as the hazardous chemical is known to be at the mine, and (b) Notify...

  18. 30 CFR 47.55 - Retaining an MSDS.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Retaining an MSDS. 47.55 Section 47.55 Mineral... COMMUNICATION (HazCom) Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) § 47.55 Retaining an MSDS. The operator must— (a) Retain its MSDS for as long as the hazardous chemical is known to be at the mine, and (b) Notify...

  19. Risk-sensitive choice in humans as a function of an earnings budget.

    PubMed Central

    Pietras, C J; Hackenberc, T D

    2001-01-01

    Risky choice in 3 adult humans was investigated across procedural manipulations designed to model energy-budget manipulations conducted with nonhumans. Subjects were presented with repeated choices between a fixed and a variable number of points. An energy budget was simulated by use of an earnings budget, defined as the number of points needed within a block of trials for points to be exchanged for money. During positive earnings-budget conditions, exclusive preference for the fixed option met the earnings requirement. During negative earnings-budget conditions, exclusive preference for the certain option did not meet the earnings requirement, but choice for the variable option met the requirement probabilistically. Choice was generally risk averse (the fixed option was preferred) when the earnings budget was positive and risk prone (the variable option was preferred) when the earnings budget was negative. Furthermore, choice was most risk prone during negative earnings-budget conditions in which the earnings requirement was most stringent. Local choice patterns were also frequently consistent with the predictions of a dynamic optimization model, indicating that choice was simultaneously sensitive to short-term choice contingencies, current point earnings, and the earnings requirement. Overall, these results show that the patterns of risky choice generated by energy-budget variables can also be produced by choice contingencies that do not involve immediate survival, and that risky choice in humans may be similar to that shown in nonhumans when choice is studied under analogous experimental conditions. PMID:11516113

  20. Height, weight, and entry earnings of female graduates in Taiwan.

    PubMed

    Tao, Hung-Lin

    2014-03-01

    Using a data set of Taiwanese female graduates in 2006, this study finds that height and earnings are positively correlated for full-time workers. However, it is not because tall individuals went to better colleges or received better grades (cognitive ability), not because they are gifted with superior physical strength or because they have participated in more extracurricular activities (non-cognitive ability), and not because they work in a highly paid occupation. We find that statistical discrimination (or perceptual bias) is most likely to play a role in determining the entry earnings of female graduates. In addition, we find that an estimator of the height premium for females is downward-biased if weight is omitted from the model.

  1. Modeling behavioral responses to eliminating the retirement earnings test.

    PubMed

    Olsen, Anya; Romig, Kathleen

    2013-01-01

    The retirement earnings test (RET) is an often-misunderstood aspect of the Social Security program. Proposed RET reforms meant to encourage working at older ages could also cause earlier benefit claiming. We use Modeling Income in the Near Term data to analyze the complete repeal of the earnings test for beneficiaries aged 60 or older, first assuming no behavioral responses to repeal and secondly assuming changes to benefit claiming and workforce participation behaviors. We find that beneficiaries affected by RET repeal would generally receive significantly higher benefits when they are younger than the full retirement age (FRA), and somewhat lower benefits after reaching FRA. RET repeal would not significantly change individuals' lifetime benefits and we find no significant changes in the overall poverty rate under either scenario. We find that assumed behavioral responses-particularly the benefit claiming change--have a bigger effect on lifetime benefits than the RET policy change itself.

  2. Height, weight, and entry earnings of female graduates in Taiwan.

    PubMed

    Tao, Hung-Lin

    2014-03-01

    Using a data set of Taiwanese female graduates in 2006, this study finds that height and earnings are positively correlated for full-time workers. However, it is not because tall individuals went to better colleges or received better grades (cognitive ability), not because they are gifted with superior physical strength or because they have participated in more extracurricular activities (non-cognitive ability), and not because they work in a highly paid occupation. We find that statistical discrimination (or perceptual bias) is most likely to play a role in determining the entry earnings of female graduates. In addition, we find that an estimator of the height premium for females is downward-biased if weight is omitted from the model. PMID:24462485

  3. Ethical evaluation of "retainer fee" medical practice.

    PubMed

    Needell, Mervin H; Kenyon, John S

    2005-01-01

    This article examines the reasons that some physicians have recently opted to reduce the size of their practice rosters to allow more time for each patient in exchange for a retainer fee from patients. These physicians also offer supplementary, nonmedical amenities to patients as part of their service. Because physicians have reduced the size of their practice rosters and have increased the price tag for their services, some patients have lost access to their care. We have tried to assess the ethical propriety of such a change in the design of medical practices by weighing plausible, ethically relevant arguments favoring and opposing RFMP. Physicians are ethically obligated first and foremost to promote and protect the health of their patients. RFMP fulfills this duty directly by ensuring prompt and ample professional time for the care of patients. It does so indirectly by allowing time for physicians' continuing education, which in turn should upgrade the quality of care. It also advances the ethical goals of autonomy as it allows patients to choose their own physicians and to spend their money as they please. On the other hand, these ethical positives are offset by the cost of retainer fees that may exclude access of patients to their physicians' care. Even if ethical tradition obligates physicians primarily to patients under their specific care, as professionals and as private citizens, they also have a responsibility to support the health of the entire community. RFMP does little to advance this cause, except that by optimizing the conditions under which their own private patients receive healthcare, they call attention to shortcomings in prevailing public healthcare policies, which by comparison fall short of that standard. An assumption that health is not properly a market commodity, and that all people should receive healthcare on equal terms, would expose RFMP to moral reproof. From an ethical perspective, we find sufficient cause for concern and caution in

  4. 26 CFR 1.1502-33 - Earnings and profits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    .... (a) Facts. P owns all of the stock of S1 and S2. The P group uses the wait-and-see method of... filed separate returns, is as follows: P $0, S1 $2,000, and S2 ($1,000). Thus, the P group's... consolidated tax liability is allocated to S1. As a result, S1 decreases its earnings and profits under...

  5. Lifetime earnings patterns, the distribution of future Social Security benefits, and the impact of pension reform.

    PubMed

    Bosworth, B; Burtless, G; Steuerle, E

    2000-01-01

    In order to assess the effect of Social Security reform on current and future workers, it is essential to accurately characterize the initial situations of representative workers affected by reform. For the purpose of analyzing typical reforms, the most important characteristic of a worker is the level and pattern of his or her preretirement earnings. Under the current system, pensions are determined largely by the level of the workers' earnings averaged over their work life. However, several reform proposals would create individual retirement accounts for which the pension would depend on the investment accumulation within the account. Thus, the pension would also depend on the timing of the contributions into the account and hence on the exact shape of the worker's lifetime earnings profile. Most analysis of the distributional impact of reform has focused, however, on calculating benefit changes among a handful of hypothetical workers whose relative earnings are constant over their work life. The earnings levels are not necessarily chosen to represent the situations of workers who have typical or truly representative earnings patterns. Consequently, the results of such analysis can be misleading, especially if reform involves introducing a fundamentally new kind of pension formula. This article presents two broad approaches to creating representative earnings profiles for policy evaluation. First, we use standard econometric methods to predict future earnings for a representative sample of workers drawn from the Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP). Our statistical estimates are based on a simple representation of typical career earnings paths and a fixed-effect statistical specification. Because our estimation file contains information on each worker's annual earnings from 1951 through 1996 as reported in the Social Security Administration's earnings files, we have a record (though an incomplete one) of the actual earnings that will be used to

  6. Lifetime earnings patterns, the distribution of future Social Security benefits, and the impact of pension reform.

    PubMed

    Bosworth, B; Burtless, G; Steuerle, E

    2000-01-01

    In order to assess the effect of Social Security reform on current and future workers, it is essential to accurately characterize the initial situations of representative workers affected by reform. For the purpose of analyzing typical reforms, the most important characteristic of a worker is the level and pattern of his or her preretirement earnings. Under the current system, pensions are determined largely by the level of the workers' earnings averaged over their work life. However, several reform proposals would create individual retirement accounts for which the pension would depend on the investment accumulation within the account. Thus, the pension would also depend on the timing of the contributions into the account and hence on the exact shape of the worker's lifetime earnings profile. Most analysis of the distributional impact of reform has focused, however, on calculating benefit changes among a handful of hypothetical workers whose relative earnings are constant over their work life. The earnings levels are not necessarily chosen to represent the situations of workers who have typical or truly representative earnings patterns. Consequently, the results of such analysis can be misleading, especially if reform involves introducing a fundamentally new kind of pension formula. This article presents two broad approaches to creating representative earnings profiles for policy evaluation. First, we use standard econometric methods to predict future earnings for a representative sample of workers drawn from the Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP). Our statistical estimates are based on a simple representation of typical career earnings paths and a fixed-effect statistical specification. Because our estimation file contains information on each worker's annual earnings from 1951 through 1996 as reported in the Social Security Administration's earnings files, we have a record (though an incomplete one) of the actual earnings that will be used to

  7. The impact of paternity leave on fathers' future earnings.

    PubMed

    Rege, Mari; Solli, Ingeborg F

    2013-12-01

    Using Norwegian registry data, we investigate the effect of paternity leave on fathers' long-term earnings. If the paternity leave increased long-term father involvement, then we should expect a reduction in fathers' long-term earnings as they shift time and effort from market to home production. For identification, we use the Norwegian introduction of a paternity-leave quota in 1993, reserving four weeks of the total of 42 weeks of paid parental leave exclusively for the father. The introduction of the paternity-leave quota led to a sharp increase in rates of leave-taking for fathers. We estimate a difference-in-differences model that exploits differences in fathers' exposure to the paternity-leave quota by the child's age and year of observation. Our analysis suggests that four weeks of paternity leave during the child's first year decreases fathers' future earnings, an effect that persists through our last point of observation, when the child is 5 years old. A battery of robustness tests supports our results.

  8. Unemployment, earnings and enrollment among post 9/11 veterans.

    PubMed

    Kleykamp, Meredith

    2013-05-01

    This paper examines three outcomes characterizing different aspects of post 9/11 veterans' economic reintegration to civilian life: unemployment, earnings and college enrollment, using Current Population Survey data from 2005 to 2011. Analyses include interactions of veteran status with sex, race/ethnicity and educational attainment to evaluate whether diverse veterans experience diverse consequences of service. In brief, I find that the basic unemployment differences between veterans and non-veterans often reported in the media understate the effect of military service on unemployment for men, since veterans have other characteristics that are associated with higher employment rates. Female veterans appear to suffer a steeper employment penalty than male veterans, but black veterans appear to suffer less of a penalty than white veterans. But on two other measures, earnings and college enrollment, veterans appear to be doing better than their civilian peers. Veterans with a high school education or less outearn their civilian peers, but veterans with at least some college education appear to lose some or all of the veteran earnings advantage compared to veterans with a high school degree, suggesting the greatest wage returns to military service accrue among the least educated. Veterans with at least a high school education are more likely to be enrolled in college than their civilian peers. Treating veterans as a monolithic block obscures differences in the consequences of military service across diverse groups.

  9. Retaining volunteers in volunteer computing projects.

    PubMed

    Darch, Peter; Carusi, Annamaria

    2010-09-13

    Volunteer computing projects (VCPs) have been set up by groups of scientists to recruit members of the public who are asked to donate spare capacity on their personal computers to the processing of scientific data or computationally intensive models. VCPs serve two purposes: to acquire significant computing capacity and to educate the public about science. A particular challenge for these scientists is the retention of volunteers as there is a very high drop-out rate. This paper develops recommendations for scientists and software engineers setting up or running VCPs regarding which strategies to pursue in order to improve volunteer retention rates. These recommendations are based on a qualitative study of volunteers in a VCP (climateprediction.net). A typology of volunteers has been developed, and three particularly important classes of volunteers are presented in this paper: for each type of volunteer, the particular benefits they offer to a project are described, and their motivations for continued participation in a VCP are identified and linked to particular strategies. In this way, those setting up a VCP can identify which types of volunteers they should be particularly keen to retain, and can then find recommendations to increase the retention rates of their target volunteers.

  10. Profiles of higher earning wives in Hong Kong and the implications for marital satisfaction.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Huiping; Law, Frances Yik Wa; Hu, Debao; Fan, Susan; Yip, Paul Siu Fai

    2015-01-01

    Higher earning wives are emerging as a global phenomenon; however, the profiles of higher earning wives and the implications for marital satisfaction remain unknown in Hong Kong. On the basis of a representative household survey of 689 Hong Kong Chinese couples in 2012, this study aimed to explore the profiles of higher earning wives in Hong Kong and examine the effect of wives' income advantage on the couples' marital satisfaction. Results indicated that higher earning wives were clustered into 2 groups. One group of higher earning wives was older, was better educated, held managerial and professional jobs, and lived in high-income families compared with lower earning wives. The other group of higher earning wives was not well educated, held nonprofessional jobs, and lived in low-income families. Higher earning wives reported similar marital satisfaction with lower earning wives as well as their husbands. However, higher earning wives with nonprofessional jobs and from low-income families reported lower life and marital satisfaction than did those with better socioeconomic status. The implications of these findings are discussed. PMID:24836412

  11. Grass plants bind, retain, uptake and transport infectious prions

    PubMed Central

    Pritzkow, Sandra; Morales, Rodrigo; Moda, Fabio; Khan, Uffaf; Telling, Glenn C.; Hoover, Edward; Soto, Claudio

    2015-01-01

    Prions are the protein-based infectious agents responsible for prion diseases. Environmental prion contamination has been implicated in disease transmission. Here we analyzed the binding and retention of infectious prion protein (PrPSc) to plants. Small quantities of PrPSc contained in diluted brain homogenate or in excretory materials (urine and feces) can bind to wheat grass roots and leaves. Wild type hamsters were efficiently infected by ingestion of prion-contaminated plants. The prion-plant interaction occurs with prions from diverse origins, including chronic wasting disease. Furthermore, leaves contaminated by spraying with a prion-containing preparation retained PrPSc for several weeks in the living plant. Finally, plants can uptake prions from contaminated soil and transport them to aerial parts of the plant (stem and leaves). These findings demonstrate that plants can efficiently bind infectious prions and act as carriers of infectivity, suggesting a possible role of environmental prion contamination in the horizontal transmission of the disease. PMID:25981035

  12. Grass plants bind, retain, uptake, and transport infectious prions.

    PubMed

    Pritzkow, Sandra; Morales, Rodrigo; Moda, Fabio; Khan, Uffaf; Telling, Glenn C; Hoover, Edward; Soto, Claudio

    2015-05-26

    Prions are the protein-based infectious agents responsible for prion diseases. Environmental prion contamination has been implicated in disease transmission. Here, we analyzed the binding and retention of infectious prion protein (PrP(Sc)) to plants. Small quantities of PrP(Sc) contained in diluted brain homogenate or in excretory materials (urine and feces) can bind to wheat grass roots and leaves. Wild-type hamsters were efficiently infected by ingestion of prion-contaminated plants. The prion-plant interaction occurs with prions from diverse origins, including chronic wasting disease. Furthermore, leaves contaminated by spraying with a prion-containing preparation retained PrP(Sc) for several weeks in the living plant. Finally, plants can uptake prions from contaminated soil and transport them to aerial parts of the plant (stem and leaves). These findings demonstrate that plants can efficiently bind infectious prions and act as carriers of infectivity, suggesting a possible role of environmental prion contamination in the horizontal transmission of the disease.

  13. Effect of Registered Partnership on Labor Earnings and Fertility for Same-Sex Couples: Evidence From Swedish Register Data.

    PubMed

    Aldén, Lina; Edlund, Lena; Hammarstedt, Mats; Mueller-Smith, Michael

    2015-08-01

    The expansion of legal rights to same-sex couples is a foot in a number of Western countries. The effects of this rollout are not only important in their own right but can also provide a window on the institution of marriage and the rights bundled therein. In this article, using Swedish longitudinal register data covering 1994-2007, we study the impact of the extension of rights to same-sex couples on labor earnings and fertility. In 1994, registered partnership for same-sex couples was introduced, which conferred almost all rights and obligations of marriage--a notable exception being joint legal parenting, by default or election. The latter was added in the 2002 adoption act. We find registered partnership to be important to both gays and lesbians but for different reasons. For gays, resource pooling emerges as the main function of registered partnerships. For lesbians, registered partnership appears to be an important vehicle for family formation, especially after the 2002 adoption act. In contrast to heterosexual couples (included for comparison), we find no evidence of household specialization among lesbians. The lack of specialization is noteworthy given similar fertility effects of registered partnership (after 2002) and the fact that lesbian couples were less assortatively matched (on education) than heterosexual couples--children and unequal earnings power being two factors commonly believed to promote specialization.

  14. Retaining clinician-scientists: nature versus nurture.

    PubMed

    Culican, Susan M; Rupp, Jason D; Margolis, Todd P

    2014-05-01

    career trajectory. To muffle the siren song of private practice and retain those best prepared for the clinician-scientist pathway requires additional investment as their careers mature through protected research time, mentorship, and advocacy. PMID:24867910

  15. Retaining clinician-scientists: nature versus nurture.

    PubMed

    Culican, Susan M; Rupp, Jason D; Margolis, Todd P

    2014-05-27

    career trajectory. To muffle the siren song of private practice and retain those best prepared for the clinician-scientist pathway requires additional investment as their careers mature through protected research time, mentorship, and advocacy.

  16. The male-female gap in physician earnings: evidence from a public health insurance system.

    PubMed

    Theurl, Engelbert; Winner, Hannes

    2011-10-01

    Empirical evidence from US studies suggests that female physicians earn less than their male counterparts, on average. The earnings gap does not disappear when individual and market characteristics are controlled for. This paper investigates whether a gender earnings difference can also be observed in a health-care system predominantly financed by public insurance companies. Using a unique data set of physicians' earnings recorded by a public social security agency in an Austrian province between 2000 and 2004, we find a gender gap in average earnings of about 32%. A substantial share of this gap (20-47%) cannot be explained by individual and market characteristics, leaving labor market discrimination as one possible explanation for the observed gender earnings difference of physicians.

  17. Relations between attachment, resilience, and earned security in Japanese university students.

    PubMed

    Shibue, Yuko; Kasai, Makiko

    2014-08-01

    This study investigated the relations between attachment, resilience, and earned security in Japanese university students. It was hypothesized that resilience would have a positive relationship with attachment and that people who had an insecure attachment style but high resilience would also have high earned security. An earned security scale was developed, based on the Naikan thought scale and attachment theory. The earned-security scales, a resilience scale, and an internal working model scale were administered to 343 university students. Three trends were apparent: (1) positive correlations between secure attachment scores and resilience scores; (2) negative correlations between insecure ambivalent attachment scores and resilience scores, but people classified in the ambivalent attachment cluster and high resilience group had higher earned security; and (3) avoidant attachment scores had negligible correlations with resilience and earned security. PMID:25153963

  18. ACT: Acting Out Central Theme.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kise, Joan Duff

    1982-01-01

    The author describes ACT (Acting Out Central Theme), a method for dealing with psychomotor, cognitive, and affective domains in slow readers. The ACT approach involves three sessions which focus on discussion of a theme such as friendship, presentaton of the theme as a skit, and assignment of topics to individual students. (SW)

  19. The GP retainer scheme: report of a national survey.

    PubMed

    Lockyer, Lesley; Young, Pat; Main, Paul Gn; Morison, Jim

    2014-11-01

    The current context of organisational change and new working patterns, together with the high cost of medical training, mean it is of vital importance that the NHS retains its trained workforce. The GP retainer scheme supports doctors who for reasons of personal circumstance are restricted in their ability to compete for employment in medicine, and aims to facilitate the retention of their skills and confidence. This national study evaluates the experiences and views of current and past GP retainers and provides a rigorous assessment of the retainer scheme. It is a mixed method study: an online questionnaire was completed by 318 current and ex-retainers across the UK; follow-up telephone interviews were conducted with 30 respondents. The study finds that the GP retainer scheme is effective in retaining GPs through times of transition and provides evidence to support the continuing funding of the scheme across the UK. The scheme is beneficial for doctors who also have a role in caring for young children and is also highly valued by a minority of GP retainers who are using it to return to work after illness, or to practice in a more limited role, due to chronic illness or disability. This study found variations in the implementation of the educational entitlement which is fundamental to the scheme. A minority of retainers experienced problems with the implementation of the scheme and recommendations are made for improvements. PMID:25693154

  20. Decommissioning Cost Estimating Factors And Earned Value Integration

    SciTech Connect

    Sanford, P.C.; Cimmarron, E.

    2008-07-01

    The Rocky Flats 771 Project progressed from the planning stage of decommissioning a plutonium facility, through the strip-out of highly-contaminated equipment, removal of utilities and structural decontamination, and building demolition. Actual cost data was collected from the strip-out activities and compared to original estimates, allowing the development of cost by equipment groupings and types and over time. Separate data was developed from the project control earned value reporting and compared with the equipment data. The paper discusses the analysis to develop the detailed factors for the different equipment types, and the items that need to be considered during characterization of a similar facility when preparing an estimate. The factors are presented based on direct labor requirements by equipment type. The paper also includes actual support costs, and examples of fixed or one-time start-up costs. The integration of the estimate and the earned value system used for the 771 Project is also discussed. The paper covers the development of the earned value system as well as its application to a facility to be decommissioned and an existing work breakdown structure. Lessons learned are provided, including integration with scheduling and craft supervision, measurement approaches, and verification of scope completion. In summary: The work of decommissioning the Rocky Flats 771 Project process equipment was completed in 2003. Early in the planning process, we had difficulty in identifying credible data and implementing processes for estimating and controlling this work. As the project progressed, we were able to collect actual data on the costs of removing plutonium contaminated equipment from various areas over the life of this work and associate those costs with individual pieces of equipment. We also were able to develop and test out a system for measuring the earned value of a decommissioning project based on an evolving estimate. These were elements that

  1. Causal effects of alcoholism on earnings: estimates from the NLSY.

    PubMed

    Jones, Alison Snow; Richmond, David W

    2006-08-01

    Propensity score matching is used to investigate the causal relationship between alcoholism and earnings in a young cohort of males and females drawn from the 1989 and 1994 National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (NLSY) in order to investigate productivity losses attributed to alcoholism and to quantify these effects. Results suggest that there are productivity losses attributable to alcoholism; that they become more pronounced over the life cycle; and that they differ between men and women. Ways in which estimates from propensity score matching may or may not improve on instrumental variables estimates are discussed.

  2. Recent changes in earnings distributions in the United States: age and cohort effects.

    PubMed

    Utendorf, K R

    1999-01-01

    In this article, the author uses large, Social Security administrative data sets to examine changes in earnings distributions in the United States over the 1980s through the mid-1990s. Because the earnings information contained in these data sets comes directly from the W-2 forms field by employers, self-reporting errors and top-coding problems, common in other data used for this type of analysis, are minimized. Previous research has documented an increase in overall earnings inequality during the 1970s and the 1980s. The author finds that this upward trend in overall earnings inequality continues into the mid-1990s, despite a period of nearly constant or slightly decreasing earnings inequality from 1988 through 1992. The data also suggest that between-group earnings inequality, whether dividing the sample into groups by age group or by birth cohort, is increasing. Despite the increase in between-group earnings inequality over the period examined, however, within-group earnings inequality remains by far the largest contributor to overall earnings inequality.

  3. Estimating Intergenerational Persistence of Lifetime Earnings with Life Course Matching: Evidence from PSID.

    PubMed

    Gouskova, Elena; Chiteji, Ngina; Stafford, Frank

    2010-06-01

    Why do estimates of the intergenerational persistence in earnings vary so much for the United States? Recent research suggests that life-cycle bias may be a major factor (Haider and Solon 2006; Grawe 2006). In this paper we estimate the intergenerational correlation in lifetime earnings by using sons' and fathers' earnings at similar ages in order to account for lifecycle bias. Our estimate based on earnings measured at 35-44 for both fathers and sons is similar to that for the age range 45-54.

  4. 76 FR 4880 - Privacy Act of 1974; Systems of Records

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-27

    ... Appeals, Job Grading Appeals, and Retained Grade or Pay Appeals, and Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA... Act File, 67 FR 16815 (April 8, 2002); (2) DOT/ALL-8: Employee Transportation Facilitation, 65 FR... COMMISSION Privacy Act of 1974; Systems of Records AGENCY: U.S. Election Assistance Commission....

  5. 40 CFR 98.367 - Records that must be retained.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 21 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Records that must be retained. 98.367 Section 98.367 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) MANDATORY GREENHOUSE GAS REPORTING Manure Management § 98.367 Records that must be retained....

  6. 40 CFR 98.367 - Records that must be retained.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 21 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Records that must be retained. 98.367 Section 98.367 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) MANDATORY GREENHOUSE GAS REPORTING Manure Management § 98.367 Records that must be retained....

  7. 40 CFR 98.367 - Records that must be retained.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 20 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Records that must be retained. 98.367 Section 98.367 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) MANDATORY GREENHOUSE GAS REPORTING Manure Management § 98.367 Records that must be retained....

  8. Tools for Success in Recruiting and Retaining Hispanic Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gilroy, Marilyn

    2010-01-01

    In this article, the author talks about strategies for success in recruiting and retaining Hispanic students. One strategy suggested by Raul Lorenzo, account director for Bauza & Associates, a Hispanic marketing agency that helps colleges and universities recruit and retain Hispanic students, is that institutions need to speak to the heart as well…

  9. 40 CFR 98.437 - Records that must be retained.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Contained in Pre-Charged Equipment or Closed-Cell Foams § 98.437 Records that must be retained. (a) In... closed-cell foams must retain the following records substantiating each of the imports that they report... entry form. (4) Ports of entry through which the pre-charged equipment or closed-cell foams passed....

  10. 40 CFR 98.437 - Records that must be retained.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Contained in Pre-Charged Equipment or Closed-Cell Foams § 98.437 Records that must be retained. (a) In... closed-cell foams must retain the following records substantiating each of the imports that they report... entry form. (4) Ports of entry through which the pre-charged equipment or closed-cell foams passed....

  11. Detail of basaltic rock retaining walls just below top switchback. ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Detail of basaltic rock retaining walls just below top switchback. 500 ft long retaining wall at left, scale figure in distance, view south. - La Bajada Historic Trails and Roads, Approximately 1 mile East/Northeast of intersection of State Highway 16 and Indian Service Road 841, La Bajada, Santa Fe County, NM

  12. Retrieval of a defective cement-retained implant prosthesis.

    PubMed

    Schoenbaum, Todd R; McLaren, Edward A

    2013-10-01

    As the popularity of cement-retained implant prosthetics grows, so, too, does the need for retreatment. The predictable removal of cement-retained implant crowns has often proven difficult due to a multitude of variables, including locating the access and stripped screws. The techniques discussed in this article address these issues, thus simplifying the retreatment process.

  13. View of middle portion of Bonita Ridge Access Road Retaining ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    View of middle portion of Bonita Ridge Access Road Retaining Wall, showing Signal Corps Radar 296 Station 5 Tower concrete pier (top center), camera facing northwest - Fort Barry, Bonita Ridge Access Road, Retaining Wall, Point Bonita, Marin Headlands, Sausalito, Marin County, CA

  14. Oblique view of Bonita Ridge Access Road Retaining Wall, showing ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Oblique view of Bonita Ridge Access Road Retaining Wall, showing southernmost portion of intact wall and portion of concrete drainage ditch from Signal Corps Radar 296 Station 5 Transmitter Building foundation above, camera facing west-north - Fort Barry, Bonita Ridge Access Road, Retaining Wall, Point Bonita, Marin Headlands, Sausalito, Marin County, CA

  15. Contextual view of Bonita Ridge Access Road Retaining Wall, showing ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Contextual view of Bonita Ridge Access Road Retaining Wall, showing concrete stairway and ramp with Army Fire Control Station (Buildings 621 and 622) at far left, camera facing southwest - Fort Barry, Bonita Ridge Access Road, Retaining Wall, Point Bonita, Marin Headlands, Sausalito, Marin County, CA

  16. 49 CFR 379.3 - Records required to be retained.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION FEDERAL MOTOR CARRIER SAFETY REGULATIONS PRESERVATION OF RECORDS § 379.3 Records required to be retained. Companies subject to this part shall retain... the obligation of the subject company to maintain records that adequately support financial...

  17. 5 CFR 536.306 - Limitation on retained rates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... other law or regulation to the rate of basic pay the employee would have received but for this... AND PAY RETENTION Pay Retention § 536.306 Limitation on retained rates. (a) A retained rate may not at any time exceed the rate payable for level IV of the Executive Schedule. (b) When an...

  18. Thermally activated retainer means utilizing shape memory alloy

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Grimaldi, Margaret E. (Inventor); Hartz, Leslie S. (Inventor)

    1993-01-01

    A retainer member suitable for retaining a gap filler placed in gaps between adjacent tile members is presented. One edge of the retainer member may be attached to the gap filler and another edge may be provided with a plurality of tab members which in an intermediate position do not interfere with placement or removal of the gap filler between tile members. The retainer member may be fabricated from a shape memory alloy which when heated to a specified memory temperature will thermally activate the tab members to predetermined memory positions engaging the tile members to retain the gap filler in the gap. This invention has particular application to the thermal tiles on space vehicles such as the Space Shuttle Orbiter.

  19. Retained and recurrent bile duct stones. Surgical or nonsurgical removal?

    PubMed Central

    Girard, R M; Legros, G

    1981-01-01

    An experience with 69 patients who underwent 72 common bile duct reoperations for retained or recurrent choledocholithiasis is presented. The mean age of the patients was 57 years, and 35 patients had associated conditions. In this series six patients (8.3%) had minor complications and no patient developed major complications or died. Two (2.9%) patients developed recurrent choledocholithiasis. In recent years, nonoperative removal of retained stones through a T-tube by mechanical extraction or chemical dissolution, and removal of retained or recurrent stones by endoscopic sphincterotomy has gained widespread popularity. Retained or recurrent choledocholithiasis should be managed on an individual basis. Reoperation has a good success rate, low morbidity and mortality rates. It should be considered as the treatment of choice in low risk patients, in whom a retained stone cannot be mechanically extracted through a T-tube, and in patients with recurrent choledocholithiasis diagnosed after removal of the T-tube. PMID:7469550

  20. Juggling Act

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rudalevige, Andrew

    2009-01-01

    Two education bills from George W. Bush's first term are long overdue for reauthorization. One, of course, is the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB), passed in late 2001. The other is the Education Sciences Reform Act (ESRA), which in November 2002 replaced the Office of Educational Research and Improvement (OERI) with a new Institute of Education…

  1. Predicting Long-Term College Success through Degree Completion Using ACT[R] Composite Score, ACT Benchmarks, and High School Grade Point Average. ACT Research Report Series, 2012 (5)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Radunzel, Justine; Noble, Julie

    2012-01-01

    This study compared the effectiveness of ACT[R] Composite score and high school grade point average (HSGPA) for predicting long-term college success. Outcomes included annual progress towards a degree (based on cumulative credit-bearing hours earned), degree completion, and cumulative grade point average (GPA) at 150% of normal time to degree…

  2. 48 CFR 52.234-2 - Notice of Earned Value Management System-Pre-Award IBR.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Management System-Pre-Award IBR. 52.234-2 Section 52.234-2 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL... Provisions and Clauses 52.234-2 Notice of Earned Value Management System—Pre-Award IBR. As prescribed in 34.203(a) use the following provision: Notice of Earned Value Management System—Pre-Award IBR (JUL...

  3. Does Human Capital Investment Impact the Earning Mobility of the Near Poor?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Karasik, Bradley

    2012-01-01

    This secondary analysis of the earning mobility of the near poor examined the impact of human capital investment on the earning mobility of the near poor between 2005 and 2009. The theory framing this study is Human Capital Theory (Shultz, 1961). Other demographic and socioeconomic variables were included in this study to further explore factors…

  4. Factors Considered by Vocational Rehabilitation Professionals in Employability and Earning Capacity Assessment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williams, John M.; Dunn, Patrick L.; Bast, Steve; Giesen, Judy

    2006-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to identify the factors that contributed to vocational rehabilitation assessment of earning capacity. Rehabilitation professionals who attended a national forensic rehabilitation conference were asked to rate the importance of 26 variables in development of opinions of earning capacity. Exploratory factor analysis…

  5. Distribution of Grades and Current GPRs Earned: Community Colleges, Fall 1979.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hawaii Univ., Honolulu.

    The grades earned by all students registered for credit classes in the seven Hawaii community colleges were analyzed to determine student grade point averages by college program and the distribution of grades in courses offered by the colleges. This analysis revealed that: (1) the credits-earned rate was 71%; (2) these rates were higher for…

  6. Distribution of Grades and Current GPRs Earned: Community Colleges, Fall 1980.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hawaii Univ., Honolulu. Office of Institutional Research and Analysis.

    The grades earned by all students registered for credit classes in six Hawaii community colleges during Fall 1980 were analyzed to determine student grade point averages (GPA's) by college program and the distribution of grades in courses offered by the colleges. This analysis revealed that: (1) the credits earned ratio was 71%; (2) this ratio was…

  7. Untapped Potential: State Earned Income Credits and Child Poverty Reduction. Childhood Poverty Research Brief 3.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bennett, Neil G.; Lu, Hsien-Hen

    Noting that a key challenge for policymakers and others who are concerned about the well-being of children and families is how to develop and improve policies that reward work and help low-income working families increase their earnings, this research brief examines the current and potential impact of state earned income credits (EICs) as a means…

  8. Not by Productivity Alone: How Visibility and Specialization Contribute to Academic Earnings

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leahey, Erin

    2007-01-01

    The popular adage "publish or perish" has long defined individual career strategies as well as scholarly investigations of earnings inequality in academe, as researchers have relied heavily on research productivity to explain earnings inequality among faculty members. Academia, however, has changed dramatically in the last few decades: it has…

  9. Doctorates Earned by Blacks Decline 26.5 Pct. in Decade.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hirschorn, Michael W.

    1988-01-01

    The National Research Council's survey of earned doctorates found a continuing decline in the proportion of Ph.D.'s earned by U.S. citizens. Among Blacks, more than half of the doctorates were in education-related fields. Cornell University and MIT have started recruitment efforts to encourage minority groups. (MLW)

  10. An Experimental Manipulation of Retrospectively Defined Earned and Continuous Attachment Security

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roisman, Glenn I.; Fortuna, Keren; Holland, Ashley

    2006-01-01

    Recent longitudinal data suggest that retrospectively defined earned-secures are not more likely than continuous-secures to have been anxiously attached to their mothers in infancy and indeed experience high-quality maternal parenting in childhood. Such findings leave unanswered the question of why earned-secures report negative childhood…

  11. 18 CFR 367.4181 - Account 418.1, Equity in earnings of subsidiary companies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Account 418.1, Equity... § 367.4181 Account 418.1, Equity in earnings of subsidiary companies. This account must include the service company's equity in the earnings or losses of subsidiary companies for the year....

  12. 18 CFR 367.4181 - Account 418.1, Equity in earnings of subsidiary companies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Account 418.1, Equity... § 367.4181 Account 418.1, Equity in earnings of subsidiary companies. This account must include the service company's equity in the earnings or losses of subsidiary companies for the year....

  13. Multilevel Analysis of the Effects of Antidiscrimination Policies on Earnings by Sexual Orientation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Klawitter, Marieka

    2011-01-01

    This study uses the 2000 U.S. Census data to assess the impact of antidiscrimination policies for sexual orientation on earnings for gays and lesbians. Using a multilevel model allows estimation of the effects of state and local policies on earnings and of variation in the effects of sexual orientation across local labor markets. The results…

  14. 20 CFR 404.1574a - When and how we will average your earnings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... work in June 1995, and she resumed selling cable television subscriptions beginning July 1995. In this... Activity § 404.1574a When and how we will average your earnings. (a) If your work as an employee or as a self-employed person was continuous without significant change in work patterns or earnings, and...

  15. 20 CFR 225.13 - Social Security Earnings Dual Benefit PIA.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2013-04-01 2012-04-01 true Social Security Earnings Dual Benefit PIA. 225... Spouse Annuities § 225.13 Social Security Earnings Dual Benefit PIA. (a) General. The Social Security... certain eligibility requirements as described in part 216 of this chapter. The Social Security...

  16. 20 CFR 225.13 - Social Security Earnings Dual Benefit PIA.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2014-04-01 2012-04-01 true Social Security Earnings Dual Benefit PIA. 225... Spouse Annuities § 225.13 Social Security Earnings Dual Benefit PIA. (a) General. The Social Security... certain eligibility requirements as described in part 216 of this chapter. The Social Security...

  17. 20 CFR 225.13 - Social Security Earnings Dual Benefit PIA.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Social Security Earnings Dual Benefit PIA... Spouse Annuities § 225.13 Social Security Earnings Dual Benefit PIA. (a) General. The Social Security... certain eligibility requirements as described in part 216 of this chapter. The Social Security...

  18. Evolution of Earnings and Rates of Returns to Education in Mexico.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lopez-Acevedo, Gladys

    This paper reviews the factors and mechanisms that have been driving inequality in Mexico and finds that educational inequality accounts for by far the largest share of Mexico's variation in earnings inequality. More specifically, it examines the expansion in earnings inequality with emphasis on the role of education, establishes an analytical…

  19. 20 CFR 225.13 - Social Security Earnings Dual Benefit PIA.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Social Security Earnings Dual Benefit PIA... Spouse Annuities § 225.13 Social Security Earnings Dual Benefit PIA. (a) General. The Social Security... certain eligibility requirements as described in part 216 of this chapter. The Social Security...

  20. An Inquiry into the Relationship between Projected Changes in Earnings per Share and Subsequent Security Performance.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barbee, William C., Jr.

    The purpose of this study was to examine the variable of estimated earnings in order to determine how forecasts might be utilized to develop a securities portfolio strategy. The hypothesis stated that there is an inverse relationship between projected change in earnings per share and security performance. Ninety-one New York Stock Exchange…

  1. 20 CFR 702.286 - Report of earnings; forfeiture of compensation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...) Any employee who fails to submit the report on earnings from employment or self-employment under § 702..., affidavits from employers who paid the employee earnings, receipts of income from self-employment or any... to rescheduling repayment by crediting future compensation and not to whether and in what...

  2. 20 CFR 416.1112 - Earned income we do not count.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... AGED, BLIND, AND DISABLED Income Earned Income § 416.1112 Earned income we do not count. (a) General... receive it. (3) If you are under age 22 and a student who is regularly attending school as described in... not blind) and under age 65 or you are disabled (but not blind) and received SSI as a...

  3. The Earnings of Dropouts and High School Enrollments: Evidence from the Coal Boom and Bust.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Black, Dan; Daniel, Kermit; Sanders, Seth

    Economic theory suggests that when the reduction in earnings from dropping out of school is minimal, dropout rates will be high. As earnings loss for dropouts grows, however, the dropout rate should decrease. This chapter examines whether these predicted effects actually occur by looking at changes in dropout rates in Kentucky in the 1970s and…

  4. The Complementarity of Language and Other Human Capital: Immigrant Earnings in Canada.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chiswick, Barry R.; Miller, Paul W.

    2003-01-01

    Analyzes the effects of language practice on earnings among adult male immigrants in Canada. Finds that earnings increase with schooling, pre-immigration experience and duration in Canada, as well as with proficiency in the official languages (English and French). Using selective correction techniques, finds that greater proficiency in the…

  5. The Complementarity of Language and Other Human Capital: Immigrant Earnings in Canada. Discussion Paper.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chiswick, Barry R.; Miller, Paul W.

    This paper analyzes the effects of language practice on earnings among adult male immigrants in Canada using data from the 1991 Census of Canada. It examines whether destination language skills are complements to or substitutes in generating earnings with respect to other kinds of human capital (schooling and pre- and post-migration labor market…

  6. How Low-Income Women Find Jobs and Its Effects on Earnings.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rankin, Bruce

    2003-01-01

    Data from a stratified random sample of 953 low-income urban women were analyzed to determine how they find jobs and the effect it has on subsequent earnings. Results show that although most find jobs through informal contacts, this has no effect on earnings. Those who recently left welfare were more likely to find jobs through formal sources.…

  7. The Impact of Advanced Vocational Education and Training on Earnings in Sweden

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Andersson, Roland; Nabavi, Pardis; Wilhelmsson, Mats

    2014-01-01

    Researchers have established a relationship between greater education and training and higher earnings but it is difficult to infer that the former causes the latter if those with higher earnings tend to engage in more education and training. The present study attempts to control for ability and family background to see if stronger inferences can…

  8. 26 CFR 1.1402(a)-1 - Definition of net earnings from self-employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ..., inclusive, the term “net earnings from self-employment” means: (1) The gross income derived by an individual... 26 Internal Revenue 12 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Definition of net earnings from self-employment... TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES Tax on Self-Employment Income §...

  9. CTE Contributions to Learning and Earning. In Brief: Fast Facts for Policy and Practice.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wonacott, Michael E.

    A large body of research, especially from the 1990s, demonstrates the positives of Career and Technical Education (CTE). The research shows that associate degree holders enjoyed average earnings 20-30 percent higher than high school graduates (while baccalaureate degree holders had average earnings 30-40 percent higher than those of high-school…

  10. Human Capital Obsolescence: The Effects on Earnings Patterns of Engineers of the Expansion of Technical Knowledge.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haines, John Stirling, Jr.

    This study analyzes the impact on earnings of human-capital obsolescence, human-capital deterioration, unstructured on-the-job learning, and structured on-the-job learning. The study defines these four concepts, discusses their determinants, and analyzes the market mechanics by which each influences earning rates. A model is developed and adapted…

  11. Universities Report $1.8-Billion in Earnings on Inventions in 2011

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blumenstyk, Goldie

    2012-01-01

    Universities and their inventors earned more than $1.8-billion from commercializing their academic research in the 2011 fiscal year, collecting royalties from new breeds of wheat, from a new drug for the treatment of HIV, and from longstanding arrangements over enduring products like Gatorade. Northwestern University earned the most of any…

  12. Students' Expectations about Earnings and Employment and the Experience of Recent University Graduates: Evidence from Cyprus

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Menon, Maria Eliophotou; Pashourtidou, Nicoletta; Polycarpou, Alexandros; Pashardes, Panos

    2012-01-01

    The employability of university graduates constitutes a major policy concern in both developed and developing nations. In this context, the present study uses self-reported data to compare the earnings and employment expectations of university students, and the realised earnings and employment paths of recent graduates. The sample consisted of 476…

  13. 29 CFR 548.302 - Average earnings for period other than a workweek.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Average earnings for period other than a workweek. 548.302... Authorized Basic Rates § 548.302 Average earnings for period other than a workweek. (a) Section 548.3(b... days for which such average is regularly computed under the agreement or understanding. Such a rate...

  14. 29 CFR 548.306 - Average earnings for year or quarter year preceding the current quarter.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Average earnings for year or quarter year preceding the... PAY Interpretations Authorized Basic Rates § 548.306 Average earnings for year or quarter year... hour for each workweek equal to the average hourly remuneration of the employee for employment...

  15. 29 CFR 548.303 - Average earnings for each type of work.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Average earnings for each type of work. 548.303 Section 548... Basic Rates § 548.303 Average earnings for each type of work. (a) Section 548.3(c) authorizes as an... such average is regularly computed under the agreement or understanding. Such a rate may be used...

  16. Self-Selection, Earnings and Chicano Migration: Differences between Return and Onward Migrants.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shumway, J. Matthew; Hall, Greg

    1996-01-01

    Examines Chicano return migration and earnings differentials between return and onward Chicano migrants by reviewing 1990 Public Use Microdata Sample of the U.S. census. Results indicate that Chicano return migrants have smaller earnings largely due to living in areas with higher concentrations of co-ethnics. Apparently, return migrants are…

  17. 5 CFR 1645.3 - Calculation of total net earnings for each TSP Fund.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... business day, net earnings will be calculated separately for each TSP Fund. (b) Net earnings for each fund will equal: (1) The sum of the following items, if any, accrued since the last business day: (i... securities lending income) on investments of the fund; and (iv) Capital gains or losses on investments of...

  18. Exploring the Wealth Returns to Latino Higher Educational Attainment: Estimates of Work-Life Earnings Profiles

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Robles, Barbara J.

    2009-01-01

    A significant research gap exists in our knowledge of how educational attainment affects wealth building and intergenerational wealth transfers among Latinos. Wealth includes earnings but is a much wider and more fundamental measure of economic mobility. The education-earnings-wealth relationship is explored by constructing estimates of social…

  19. 5 CFR 831.1209 - Termination of disability annuity because of restoration to earning capacity.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... standards that appear in the Social Security Administration's regulations at 20 CFR 404.1041(d). (2) Any... of restoration to earning capacity. 831.1209 Section 831.1209 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF... § 831.1209 Termination of disability annuity because of restoration to earning capacity. (a)...

  20. 5 CFR 831.1209 - Termination of disability annuity because of restoration to earning capacity.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... standards that appear in the Social Security Administration's regulations at 20 CFR 404.1041(d). (2) Any... of restoration to earning capacity. 831.1209 Section 831.1209 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF... § 831.1209 Termination of disability annuity because of restoration to earning capacity. (a)...

  1. 26 CFR 1.857-7 - Earnings and profits of a real estate investment trust.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 9 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Earnings and profits of a real estate investment... (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES Real Estate Investment Trusts § 1.857-7 Earnings and profits of a real estate investment trust. (a) Any real estate investment trust whether or not such...

  2. Education and Synthetic Work-Life Earnings Estimates. American Community Survey Reports. ACS-14

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Julian, Tiffany; Kominski, Robert

    2011-01-01

    The relationship between education and earnings is a long-analyzed topic of study. Generally, there is a strong belief that achievement of higher levels of education is a well established path to better jobs and better earnings. This report provides one view of the economic value of educational attainment by producing an estimate of the amount of…

  3. 26 CFR 1.1248-3 - Earnings and profits attributable to stock in complex cases.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 11 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Earnings and profits attributable to stock in complex cases. 1.1248-3 Section 1.1248-3 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE... Losses § 1.1248-3 Earnings and profits attributable to stock in complex cases. (a) General—(1) Manner...

  4. 34 CFR 675.25 - Earnings applied to cost of attendance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... a FWS job to be applied to a student's cost of attendance (attributed earnings) by subtracting taxes and job related costs from the student's gross earnings. (2) Job related costs are costs the student... incurred except for the FWS employment. (b) If a student is employed under FWS during a vacation or...

  5. 5 CFR 2636.304 - The 15 percent limitation on outside earned income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... ETHICS LIMITATIONS ON OUTSIDE EARNED INCOME, EMPLOYMENT AND AFFILIATIONS FOR CERTAIN NONCAREER EMPLOYEES Outside Earned Income Limitation and Employment and Affiliation Restrictions Applicable to Certain... calendar year which exceeds 15 percent of the annual rate of basic pay for level II of the...

  6. Should Community College Students Earn an Associate Degree before Transferring to a 4-Year Institution?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kopko, Elizabeth M.; Crosta, Peter M.

    2016-01-01

    Using data on over 41,000 students in one state who entered community college before transferring to a 4-year institution, this study examines the following question: Are community college students who earn an associate degree before transferring to a 4-year college more likely to earn a bachelor's degree? Due to the causal nature surrounding this…

  7. Associations of serious mental illness with earnings: results from the WHO World Mental Health surveys

    PubMed Central

    Levinson, Daphna; Lakoma, Matthew D.; Petukhova, Maria; Schoenbaum, Michael; Zaslavsky, Alan M.; Angermeyer, Matthias; Borges, Guilherme; Bruffaerts, Ronny; de Girolamo, Giovanni; de Graaf, Ron; Gureje, Oye; Haro, Josep Maria; Hu, Chiyi; Karam, Aimee N.; Kawakami, Norito; Lee, Sing; Lepine, Jean-Pierre; Browne, Mark Oakley; Okoliyski, Michail; Posada-Villa, José; Sagar, Rajesh; Viana, Maria Carmen; Williams, David R.; Kessler, Ronald C.

    2010-01-01

    Background Burden-of-illness data, which are often used in setting healthcare policy-spending priorities, are unavailable for mental disorders in most countries. Aims To examine one central aspect of illness burden, the association of serious mental illness with earnings, in the World Health Organization (WHO) World Mental Health (WMH) Surveys. Method The WMH Surveys were carried out in 10 high-income and 9 low- and middle-income countries. The associations of personal earnings with serious mental illness were estimated. Results Respondents with serious mental illness earned on average a third less than median earnings, with no significant between-country differences (χ2(9) = 5.5–8.1, P = 0.52–0.79). These losses are equivalent to 0.3–0.8% of total national earnings. Reduced earnings among those with earnings and the increased probability of not earning are both important components of these associations. Conclusions These results add to a growing body of evidence that mental disorders have high societal costs. Decisions about healthcare resource allocation should take these costs into consideration. PMID:20679263

  8. 26 CFR 1.852-12 - Non-RIC earnings and profits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 9 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Non-RIC earnings and profits. 1.852-12 Section 1... section 381 pursuant to a transaction that occurred before December 22, 1992, became the earnings and... taxable years ending on or after December 22, 1992. (d) For treatment of net built-in gain assets of a...

  9. 26 CFR 1.857-11 - Non-REIT earnings and profits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 9 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Non-REIT earnings and profits. 1.857-11 Section..., 1992, became the earnings and profits of a corporation to which part II of subchapter M applied and, at... taxable years ending on or after December 22, 1992. (e) For treatment of net built-in gain assets of a...

  10. 26 CFR 1.852-12 - Non-RIC earnings and profits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 9 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Non-RIC earnings and profits. 1.852-12 Section 1... 381 pursuant to a transaction that occurred before December 22, 1992, became the earnings and profits... taxable years ending on or after December 22, 1992. (d) For treatment of net built-in gain assets of a...

  11. 48 CFR 352.234-4 - Partial earned value management system.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... management system. 352.234-4 Section 352.234-4 Federal Acquisition Regulations System HEALTH AND HUMAN....234-4 Partial earned value management system. As prescribed in 334.203-70(d), the Contracting Officer shall insert the following clause: Partial Earned Value Management System (October 2008) (a)...

  12. 48 CFR 352.234-3 - Full earned value management system.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... management system. 352.234-3 Section 352.234-3 Federal Acquisition Regulations System HEALTH AND HUMAN....234-3 Full earned value management system. As prescribed in 334.203-70(c), the Contracting Officer shall insert the following clause: Full Earned Value Management System (October 2008) (a) The...

  13. 7 CFR 3015.44 - Royalties or equivalent income earned from patents or from inventions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Royalties or equivalent income earned from patents or from inventions. 3015.44 Section 3015.44 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture... inventions. Disposition of royalties or equivalent income earned on patents or inventions arising out...

  14. 7 CFR 3015.44 - Royalties or equivalent income earned from patents or from inventions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Royalties or equivalent income earned from patents or from inventions. 3015.44 Section 3015.44 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture... inventions. Disposition of royalties or equivalent income earned on patents or inventions arising out...

  15. 26 CFR 1.996-3 - Divisions of earnings and profits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 10 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Divisions of earnings and profits. 1.996-3... TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES Domestic International Sales Corporations § 1.996-3 Divisions of earnings... DISC, or former DISC, shall be treated as composed of the following three divisions: (1)...

  16. 20 CFR 225.4 - Limitation on amount of earnings used to compute a PIA.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... compute a PIA. 225.4 Section 225.4 Employees' Benefits RAILROAD RETIREMENT BOARD REGULATIONS UNDER THE... earnings used to compute a PIA. Certain PIA's used by the Board are based on a combination of compensation... purposes of crediting earnings when computing any PIA, compensation is always treated as wages....

  17. 20 CFR 225.4 - Limitation on amount of earnings used to compute a PIA.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... compute a PIA. 225.4 Section 225.4 Employees' Benefits RAILROAD RETIREMENT BOARD REGULATIONS UNDER THE... earnings used to compute a PIA. Certain PIA's used by the Board are based on a combination of compensation... purposes of crediting earnings when computing any PIA, compensation is always treated as wages....

  18. 48 CFR 1852.234-1 - Notice of Earned Value Management System.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Management System. 1852.234-1 Section 1852.234-1 Federal Acquisition Regulations System NATIONAL AERONAUTICS... Provisions and Clauses 1852.234-1 Notice of Earned Value Management System. As prescribed in 1834.203-70(a), insert the following provision: Notice of Earned Value Management System (NOV 2006) (a) The offeror...

  19. 20 CFR 225.13 - Social Security Earnings Dual Benefit PIA.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Social Security Earnings Dual Benefit PIA... Spouse Annuities § 225.13 Social Security Earnings Dual Benefit PIA. (a) General. The Social Security... certain eligibility requirements as described in part 216 of this chapter. The Social Security...

  20. Economics of Education and Work Life Demand in Terms of Earnings and Skills

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Xia, Belle Selene; Liitiäinen, Elia

    2014-01-01

    This article uses data from a major international survey to construct earnings functions in terms of learning outcomes and variables related to working life in different European countries. In order to complement the extended earnings regression model, the authors have used partial correlation analysis and the analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) to…

  1. Differences in Earnings by Language Groups in Quebec, 1970: An Economic Analysis.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vaillancourt, Francois

    This work puts forward a framework that takes into account the roles of the languages known by an individual in explaining his labor earnings. First, two different strands of literature are surveyed: (1) the material on labor earnings determination viewed through capital, discrimination, and supply and demand type models; and (2) the works on what…

  2. Changes in Life-Cycle Earnings: What Do Social Security Data Show?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rosen, Sherwin; Taubman, Paul

    1982-01-01

    A matched sample of Social Security and Current Population Survey records is used to determine life-cycle earnings patterns of White males. Estimated effects of schooling and experience compare well with other studies, but interaction effects with cohort do not. Military experience plays a powerful role in earnings differences across cohorts.…

  3. 25 CFR 115.710 - Does money in a trust account earn interest?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Does money in a trust account earn interest? 115.710 Section 115.710 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR FINANCIAL ACTIVITIES TRUST... Interests § 115.710 Does money in a trust account earn interest? Yes, all money deposited in a trust...

  4. 25 CFR 115.713 - When does money in a trust account start earning interest?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false When does money in a trust account start earning interest? 115.713 Section 115.713 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR FINANCIAL... and Interests § 115.713 When does money in a trust account start earning interest? Funds must...

  5. 26 CFR 31.3507-1 - Advance payments of earned income credit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 15 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Advance payments of earned income credit. 31... 1954) § 31.3507-1 Advance payments of earned income credit. (a) General rule—(1) In general. Every... advance payment certificate is in effect must, at the time of paying the wages, also pay the employee...

  6. 26 CFR 31.3507-1 - Advance payments of earned income credit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 15 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Advance payments of earned income credit. 31... 1954) § 31.3507-1 Advance payments of earned income credit. (a) General rule—(1) In general. Every... advance payment certificate is in effect must, at the time of paying the wages, also pay the employee...

  7. 26 CFR 31.3507-1 - Advance payments of earned income credit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 15 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Advance payments of earned income credit. 31... 1954) § 31.3507-1 Advance payments of earned income credit. (a) General rule—(1) In general. Every... advance payment certificate is in effect must, at the time of paying the wages, also pay the employee...

  8. 26 CFR 31.3507-1 - Advance payments of earned income credit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 15 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Advance payments of earned income credit. 31... 1954) § 31.3507-1 Advance payments of earned income credit. (a) General rule—(1) In general. Every... advance payment certificate is in effect must, at the time of paying the wages, also pay the employee...

  9. Workers with Low Earnings: 1964 to 1990. Current Population Reports: Consumer Income.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McNeil, John

    1992-01-01

    This report brings together census data on low earning workers from 1964 to 1990 to provide information on changes over time in prevalence and on low earning worker characteristics. The report presents data from the Current Population Survey of 1965, 1970, 1975, 1980, 1985, 1990, and 1991 for workers with a year-round, full-time attachment to the…

  10. Is the Gap More than Gender? A Longitudinal Analysis of Gender, Gender Role Orientation, and Earnings

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Judge, Timothy A.; Livingston, Beth A.

    2008-01-01

    This study investigated the relationships among gender, gender role orientation (i.e., attitudes toward the gendered separation of roles at work and at home), and earnings. A multilevel model was conceptualized in which gender role orientation and earnings were within-individual variables that fluctuate over time (although predictors of…

  11. Is Economics a Good Major for Future Lawyers? Evidence from Earnings Data

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Winters, John V.

    2016-01-01

    This study reports descriptive data on earnings differences for practicing lawyers by undergraduate major with a focus on economics majors. Some majors do much better than others. Economics majors tend to do very well in both median and mean earnings. Electrical engineering, accounting, finance, and some other majors also do relatively well. This…

  12. 77 FR 14568 - Earned Import Allowance Program: Evaluation of the Effectiveness of the Program for Certain...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-12

    ... COMMISSION Earned Import Allowance Program: Evaluation of the Effectiveness of the Program for Certain... review in investigation No. 332-503, Earned Import Allowance Program: Evaluation of the Effectiveness of the Program for Certain Apparel from the Dominican Republic, Third Annual Review. DATES: April...

  13. 76 FR 5821 - Earned Import Allowance Program: Evaluation of the Effectiveness of the Program for Certain...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-02

    ... COMMISSION Earned Import Allowance Program: Evaluation of the Effectiveness of the Program for Certain... investigation No. 332-503, Earned Import Allowance Program: Evaluation of the Effectiveness of the Program for... Import Allowance Program (EIAP) and directed the Commission to conduct annual reviews of the program...

  14. 78 FR 16297 - Earned Import Allowance Program: Evaluation of the Effectiveness of the Program for Certain...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-14

    ... COMMISSION Earned Import Allowance Program: Evaluation of the Effectiveness of the Program for Certain... fourth annual review in investigation No. 332-503, Earned Import Allowance Program: Evaluation of the Effectiveness of the Program for Certain Apparel from the Dominican Republic, Fourth Annual Review. DATES:...

  15. Help Workers Boost Their Paychecks! The Earned Income Credit 2000 Outreach Kit.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Center on Budget and Policy Priorities, Washington, DC.

    This packet, which was developed as part of the Earned Income Credit Campaign 2000, contains an information booklet, a guide to outreach strategies, and accompanying materials to raise low-income workers' awareness of the Earned Income Credit (EIC) and other tax credits available to low-income taxpayers. The following are among the topics…

  16. Field of Study in College and Lifetime Earnings in the United States

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kim, ChangHwan; Tamborini, Christopher R.; Sakamoto, Arthur

    2015-01-01

    Our understanding about the relationship between education and lifetime earnings often neglects differences by field of study. Utilizing data that match respondents in the Survey of Income and Program Participation to their longitudinal earnings records based on administrative tax information, we investigate the trajectories of annual earnings…

  17. Effects of the Age–Education Structure of Female Workers on Male Earnings in Brazil

    PubMed Central

    de Lima Amaral, Ernesto Friedrich; Almeida, Mariana Eugenio; Rios-Neto, Eduardo Luiz Gonçalves; Potter, Joseph E.

    2015-01-01

    The main concern of this study is the impact that an increase in female participation within the labor force has on the earnings of males in Brazil. Previous research considered these transitions for male workers, but did not include female workers when estimating various effects on earnings. The 1970, 1980, 1991, and 2000 Brazilian Demographic Censuses were used for this analysis. Results suggest a significant negative impact on male earnings in 1970 as a result of the share of female workers. This effect has been decreasing over time, as the coefficients from more recent years are positive. Changes in age and educational composition make a substantial difference on the estimation of male earnings in Brazil. The method developed in this study is not infallible, but it improves previous estimates by including the relationship among compositional changes, female labor force participation, and earnings, thus going beyond the direct impact of age and education. PMID:26594305

  18. Earnings Management before Rights Issues and the Subsequent Cash Transfer in Chinese Firms

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tsai, Bi-Huei

    2009-08-01

    Unlike private enterprises in developed markets, political influence is profound upon Chinese state-dominated firms. Under this consideration, this paper demonstrates how political impact interferes in Chinese managers' decisions. State-assigned managers were found to deliberately transfer cash raised via rights issues from the public shareholders to the state by cash dividends in order to please Chinese politicians. Especially, to meet the regulatory requirement of rights issues, managers from firms which distributed more cash dividends in the same year of rights issues were more likely to inflate earnings before rights issues. The earnings inflation which managers use to boost firm's incomes is defined as "earnings management." Furthermore, the empirical results also exhibit that firm's close relationship with the state enables managers to obtain approvals of rights issues easily, which reduces the firm's earnings management tendency. The manager's incentives of earnings management is closely attributed to the political intervention.

  19. Retained Urethral Catheter Secondary to Placement in Proximal Ureter.

    PubMed

    McGregor, Thomas B; Sharda, Rajan

    2016-01-01

    We present an unusual complication secondary to indwelling urethral catheter placement. Routine catheter placement by the obstetrics team in a postpartum female leads to retention of the catheter and inability of its removal by both the obstetrics and urology teams. Although a retained urinary catheter is relatively common, inability to remove a catheter secondary to placement inadvertently into a ureter is extremely rare. In this paper we will discuss the options in removing a retained catheter and present our case of a retained catheter secondary to placement within the right proximal ureter.

  20. Retained Urethral Catheter Secondary to Placement in Proximal Ureter

    PubMed Central

    Sharda, Rajan

    2016-01-01

    We present an unusual complication secondary to indwelling urethral catheter placement. Routine catheter placement by the obstetrics team in a postpartum female leads to retention of the catheter and inability of its removal by both the obstetrics and urology teams. Although a retained urinary catheter is relatively common, inability to remove a catheter secondary to placement inadvertently into a ureter is extremely rare. In this paper we will discuss the options in removing a retained catheter and present our case of a retained catheter secondary to placement within the right proximal ureter. PMID:27144050

  1. Selection, language heritage, and the earnings trajectories of black immigrants in the United States.

    PubMed

    Hamilton, Tod G

    2014-06-01

    Research suggests that immigrants from the English-speaking Caribbean surpass the earnings of U.S.-born blacks approximately one decade after arriving in the United States. Using data from the 1980-2000 U.S. censuses and the 2005-2007 American Community Surveys on U.S.-born black and non-Hispanic white men as well as black immigrant men from all the major sending regions of the world, I evaluate whether selective migration and language heritage of immigrants' birth countries account for the documented earnings crossover. I validate the earnings pattern of black immigrants documented in previous studies, but I also find that the earnings of most arrival cohorts of immigrants from the English-speaking Caribbean, after residing in the United States for more than 20 years, are projected to converge with or slightly overtake those of U.S.-born black internal migrants. The findings also show three arrival cohorts of black immigrants from English-speaking African countries are projected to surpass the earnings of U.S.-born black internal migrants. No arrival cohort of black immigrants is projected to surpass the earnings of U.S.-born non-Hispanic whites. Birth-region analysis shows that black immigrants from English-speaking countries experience more rapid earnings growth than immigrants from non-English-speaking countries. The arrival-cohort and birth-region variation in earnings documented in this study suggest that selective migration and language heritage of black immigrants' birth countries are important determinants of their initial earnings and earnings trajectories in the United States.

  2. Selection, Language Heritage, and the Earnings Trajectories of Black Immigrants in the United States

    PubMed Central

    Hamilton, Tod G.

    2014-01-01

    Research suggests that immigrants from the English-speaking Caribbean surpass the earnings of U.S.-born blacks approximately one decade after arriving in the United States. Using data from the 1980–2000 U.S. censuses and the 2005–2007 American Community Surveys on U.S.-born black and non-Hispanic white men as well as black immigrant men from all the major sending regions of the world, I evaluate whether selective migration and language heritage of immigrants’ birth countries account for the documented earnings crossover. I validate the earnings pattern of black immigrants documented in previous studies, but I also find that the earnings of most arrival cohorts of immigrants from the English-speaking Caribbean, after residing in the United States for more than 20 years, are projected to converge with or slightly overtake those of U.S.-born black internal migrants. The findings also show three arrival cohorts of black immigrants from English-speaking African countries are projected to surpass the earnings of U.S.-born black internal migrants. No arrival cohort of black immigrants is projected to surpass the earnings of U.S.-born non-Hispanic whites. Birth-region analysis shows that black immigrants from English-speaking countries experience more rapid earnings growth than immigrants from non-English-speaking countries. The arrival-cohort and birth-region variation in earnings documented in this study suggest that selective migration and language heritage of black immigrants’ birth countries are important determinants of their initial earnings and earnings trajectories in the United States. PMID:24854004

  3. ACT Test

    MedlinePlus

    ... this page helpful? Also known as: ACT; Activated Coagulation Time Formal name: Activated Clotting Time Related tests: ... in the blood called platelets and proteins called coagulation factors are activated in a sequence of steps ...

  4. Acting Atoms.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Farin, Susan Archie

    1997-01-01

    Describes a fun game in which students act as electrons, protons, and neutrons. This activity is designed to help students develop a concrete understanding of the abstract concept of atomic structure. (DKM)

  5. Health insurance tax credits, the earned income tax credit, and health insurance coverage of single mothers.

    PubMed

    Cebi, Merve; Woodbury, Stephen A

    2014-05-01

    The Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1990 enacted a refundable tax credit for low-income working families who purchased health insurance coverage for their children. This health insurance tax credit (HITC) existed during tax years 1991, 1992, and 1993, and was then rescinded. A difference-in-differences estimator applied to Current Population Survey data suggests that adoption of the HITC, along with accompanying increases in the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC), was associated with a relative increase of about 4.7 percentage points in the private health insurance coverage of working single mothers with high school or less education. Also, a difference-in-difference-in-differences estimator, which attempts to net out the possible influence of the EITC increases but which requires strong assumptions, suggests that the HITC was responsible for about three-quarters (3.6 percentage points) of the total increase. The latter estimate implies a price elasticity of health insurance take-up of -0.42.

  6. Health insurance tax credits, the earned income tax credit, and health insurance coverage of single mothers.

    PubMed

    Cebi, Merve; Woodbury, Stephen A

    2014-05-01

    The Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1990 enacted a refundable tax credit for low-income working families who purchased health insurance coverage for their children. This health insurance tax credit (HITC) existed during tax years 1991, 1992, and 1993, and was then rescinded. A difference-in-differences estimator applied to Current Population Survey data suggests that adoption of the HITC, along with accompanying increases in the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC), was associated with a relative increase of about 4.7 percentage points in the private health insurance coverage of working single mothers with high school or less education. Also, a difference-in-difference-in-differences estimator, which attempts to net out the possible influence of the EITC increases but which requires strong assumptions, suggests that the HITC was responsible for about three-quarters (3.6 percentage points) of the total increase. The latter estimate implies a price elasticity of health insurance take-up of -0.42. PMID:23813687

  7. 40 CFR 98.67 - Records that must be retained.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... (CONTINUED) MANDATORY GREENHOUSE GAS REPORTING Aluminum Production § 98.67 Records that must be retained. In... aluminum production in metric tons. (b) Type of smelter technology used. (c) The following...

  8. 40 CFR 98.67 - Records that must be retained.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... (CONTINUED) MANDATORY GREENHOUSE GAS REPORTING Aluminum Production § 98.67 Records that must be retained. In... aluminum production in metric tons. (b) Type of smelter technology used. (c) The following...

  9. 40 CFR 98.67 - Records that must be retained.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... (CONTINUED) MANDATORY GREENHOUSE GAS REPORTING Aluminum Production § 98.67 Records that must be retained. In... aluminum production in metric tons. (b) Type of smelter technology used. (c) The following...

  10. 40 CFR 98.67 - Records that must be retained.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... (CONTINUED) MANDATORY GREENHOUSE GAS REPORTING Aluminum Production § 98.67 Records that must be retained. In... aluminum production in metric tons. (b) Type of smelter technology used. (c) The following...

  11. 14. DETAIL OF TRANSITION FROM WING WALL TO CONCRETE RETAINING ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    14. DETAIL OF TRANSITION FROM WING WALL TO CONCRETE RETAINING WALL AT SOUTHERN END OF DAM - Upper Doughty Dam, 200 feet west of Garden State Parkway, 1.7 miles west of Absecon, Egg Harbor City, Atlantic County, NJ

  12. 4. CONSTRUCTION DETAIL, SW CORNER, SHOWING RETAINING WALL, BRIDGE WALL ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    4. CONSTRUCTION DETAIL, SW CORNER, SHOWING RETAINING WALL, BRIDGE WALL AND EROSION ON ROAD SURFACE. - Bridalveil Fall Bridge No. 3, Spanning Bridalveil Creek on carriage road, Yosemite Village, Mariposa County, CA

  13. 40 CFR 98.167 - Records that must be retained.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... (CONTINUED) MANDATORY GREENHOUSE GAS REPORTING Hydrogen Production § 98.167 Records that must be retained. In...) through (b) of this section for each hydrogen production facility. (a) If a CEMS is used to measure...

  14. 6. TERRACED, STONE RETAINING WALLS BEHIND HOUSE No. 16. VIEW ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    6. TERRACED, STONE RETAINING WALLS BEHIND HOUSE No. 16. VIEW TO WEST. - Rainbow Hydroelectric Facility, On north bank of Missouri River 2 miles Northeast of Great Falls, & end of Rainbow Dam Road, Great Falls, Cascade County, MT

  15. Elevation of Warrington Avenue Bridge and cut stone retaining wall ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Elevation of Warrington Avenue Bridge and cut stone retaining wall southbound on Warrington Avenue - Pittsburgh & Castle Shannon Railroad, Warrington Avenue Bridge, Overbrook Trolley Line, Crossing Warrington Avenue, Pittsburgh, Allegheny County, PA

  16. 40 CFR 98.77 - Records that must be retained.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... (CONTINUED) MANDATORY GREENHOUSE GAS REPORTING Ammonia Manufacturing § 98.77 Records that must be retained... paragraphs (a) and (b) of this section for each ammonia manufacturing unit. (a) If a CEMS is used to...

  17. 40 CFR 98.77 - Records that must be retained.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... (CONTINUED) MANDATORY GREENHOUSE GAS REPORTING Ammonia Manufacturing § 98.77 Records that must be retained... paragraphs (a) and (b) of this section for each ammonia manufacturing unit. (a) If a CEMS is used to...

  18. 40 CFR 98.77 - Records that must be retained.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... (CONTINUED) MANDATORY GREENHOUSE GAS REPORTING Ammonia Manufacturing § 98.77 Records that must be retained... paragraphs (a) and (b) of this section for each ammonia manufacturing unit. (a) If a CEMS is used to...

  19. ELEVATION FROM EAST, SHOWING INTEGRAL RETAINING WALL EXTENDING TO NORTH. ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    ELEVATION FROM EAST, SHOWING INTEGRAL RETAINING WALL EXTENDING TO NORTH. - Brick Arch Culvert over Master Street, Spanning dirt slope of Master Street at Thirty-third Street (U.S. Route 13), Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA

  20. 9. VIEW OF SOUTH SIDE OF BRIDGE RETAINING WALL, SHOWING ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    9. VIEW OF SOUTH SIDE OF BRIDGE RETAINING WALL, SHOWING SMOOTH STEEL REBAR SET IN CONCRETE, LOOKING SOUTH - Box Elder Creek Arch Bridge, Spanning former channel of South fork of Box Elder Creek, Mantua, Box Elder County, UT