Science.gov

Sample records for act retained earnings

  1. 47 CFR 32.4550 - Retained earnings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... FOR TELECOMMUNICATIONS COMPANIES Instructions for Balance Sheet Accounts § 32.4550 Retained earnings. (a) This account shall include the undistributed balance of retained earnings derived from...

  2. 18 CFR 367.2150 - Account 215, Appropriated retained earnings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... NATURAL GAS ACT Balance Sheet Chart of Accounts Proprietary Capital § 367.2150 Account 215, Appropriated... ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION, DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY REGULATIONS UNDER THE PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING...

  3. 18 CFR 367.2160 - Account 216, Unappropriated retained earnings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... NATURAL GAS ACT Balance Sheet Chart of Accounts Proprietary Capital § 367.2160 Account 216, Unappropriated... ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION, DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY REGULATIONS UNDER THE PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING...

  4. 42 CFR 137.100 - May a Self-Governance Tribe retain and spend interest earned on any funds paid under a compact or...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false May a Self-Governance Tribe retain and spend... OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES TRIBAL SELF-GOVERNANCE Funding Interest Or Other Income on Transfers § 137.100 May a Self-Governance Tribe retain and spend interest earned on any funds paid under a...

  5. 42 CFR 137.110 - May a Self-Governance Tribe retain and expend any program income earned pursuant to a compact and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false May a Self-Governance Tribe retain and expend any... HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES TRIBAL SELF-GOVERNANCE Funding Program Income § 137.110 May a Self-Governance... Medicare, Medicaid, or other program income earned by a Self-Governance Tribe shall be treated...

  6. Closing the Door to Lost Earnings Under the National Childhood Vaccine Injury Act of 1986.

    PubMed

    Levin, Aaron

    2015-01-01

    After a wave of lawsuits against vaccine manufacturers hindered the profitability and production of life-saving vaccines, Congress enacted The National Childhood Vaccine Injury Act of 1986. The Act offers an incentive for individuals to get vaccinated in order to mitigate the population's exposure to disease, while encouraging the continued production of these serums by pharmaceutical companies. Although imperfect, the Vaccine Act fosters promise in filtering out frivolous claims and,provides a central route for due process to the individuals who suffer from a vaccine-related injury. By removing a potential state tort issue to the Federal Circuit, Congress created a reasonably justified avenue for the recovery of damages for injuries and adverse reactions to vaccines. However, this is not to say that the Act can't still be improved. Currently, the Act is silent on whether the death of a child from a vaccine-related injury, before a compensation decision is rendered, should bar the family from recovering for the child's lost earnings. Unless the victim demonstrates a stable source of income that they would have earned had their lives not been interrupted by the adverse reaction to the vaccine, the holding that a minor child may not recover for lost earnings is defensible. However, Congress should revise the statute to issue guidance to clarify its ambiguity. Under the current compensation regime, the standard is too arbitrary to decide that a child who dies before reaching the majority age of 18 has no earning potential. Any line Congress or the Supreme Court tries to draw will be arbitrary, but from an economic, policy, and legal perspective clarity and guidance can be offered to maintain greater flexibility through a case-by-case analysis and by applying the modern minimum wage in reference to the child's age. Independent from future earnings awards, Vaccine Act compensation should be amended to increase the cap on these damages to account for inflation since the

  7. RETAIN Act

    THOMAS, 112th Congress

    Rep. Baca, Joe [D-CA-43

    2012-05-08

    09/26/2012 Referred to the Subcommittee on Early Childhood, Elementary, and Secondary Education. (All Actions) Tracker: This bill has the status IntroducedHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  8. 12 CFR 550.390 - May my officer or employee retain compensation for acting as a co-fiduciary?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... for acting as a co-fiduciary? 550.390 Section 550.390 Banks and Banking OFFICE OF THRIFT SUPERVISION..., Gifts, and Bequests § 550.390 May my officer or employee retain compensation for acting as a co-fiduciary? You may not permit your officers or employees to retain any compensation for acting as a...

  9. 12 CFR 550.390 - May my officer or employee retain compensation for acting as a co-fiduciary?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... for acting as a co-fiduciary? 550.390 Section 550.390 Banks and Banking OFFICE OF THRIFT SUPERVISION..., Gifts, and Bequests § 550.390 May my officer or employee retain compensation for acting as a co-fiduciary? You may not permit your officers or employees to retain any compensation for acting as a...

  10. 12 CFR 150.390 - May my officer or employee retain compensation for acting as a co-fiduciary?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... for acting as a co-fiduciary? 150.390 Section 150.390 Banks and Banking COMPTROLLER OF THE CURRENCY... Compensation, Gifts, and Bequests § 150.390 May my officer or employee retain compensation for acting as a co-fiduciary? You may not permit your officers or employees to retain any compensation for acting as a...

  11. 12 CFR 550.390 - May my officer or employee retain compensation for acting as a co-fiduciary?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... for acting as a co-fiduciary? 550.390 Section 550.390 Banks and Banking OFFICE OF THRIFT SUPERVISION..., Gifts, and Bequests § 550.390 May my officer or employee retain compensation for acting as a co-fiduciary? You may not permit your officers or employees to retain any compensation for acting as a...

  12. 12 CFR 150.390 - May my officer or employee retain compensation for acting as a co-fiduciary?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... for acting as a co-fiduciary? 150.390 Section 150.390 Banks and Banking COMPTROLLER OF THE CURRENCY... Compensation, Gifts, and Bequests § 150.390 May my officer or employee retain compensation for acting as a co-fiduciary? You may not permit your officers or employees to retain any compensation for acting as a...

  13. 12 CFR 150.390 - May my officer or employee retain compensation for acting as a co-fiduciary?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... for acting as a co-fiduciary? 150.390 Section 150.390 Banks and Banking COMPTROLLER OF THE CURRENCY... Compensation, Gifts, and Bequests § 150.390 May my officer or employee retain compensation for acting as a co-fiduciary? You may not permit your officers or employees to retain any compensation for acting as a...

  14. 12 CFR 550.390 - May my officer or employee retain compensation for acting as a co-fiduciary?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... for acting as a co-fiduciary? 550.390 Section 550.390 Banks and Banking OFFICE OF THRIFT SUPERVISION..., Gifts, and Bequests § 550.390 May my officer or employee retain compensation for acting as a co-fiduciary? You may not permit your officers or employees to retain any compensation for acting as a...

  15. 12 CFR 550.390 - May my officer or employee retain compensation for acting as a co-fiduciary?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... for acting as a co-fiduciary? 550.390 Section 550.390 Banks and Banking OFFICE OF THRIFT SUPERVISION..., Gifts, and Bequests § 550.390 May my officer or employee retain compensation for acting as a co-fiduciary? You may not permit your officers or employees to retain any compensation for acting as a...

  16. Predicting Scores on the College-Level Examination Program (CLEP) General Examinations from Scores Earned on the American College Test (ACT) Assessment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nimmer, Donald N.; Shakiba-Nejad, Hadi

    The study was conducted to provide formulae by which College-Level Examination Program (CLEP) General Examination scores may be predicted from scores earned on the American College Test (ACT) Assessment. Five basic areas of liberal arts achievement are measured by the CLEP General Examinations: English Composition, Humanities, Mathematics, Natural…

  17. 40 CFR 35.925-17 - Retained amounts for reconstruction and expansion.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... expansion. 35.925-17 Section 35.925-17 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GRANTS AND... Water Act § 35.925-17 Retained amounts for reconstruction and expansion. That the allowable project... retains for future reconstruction and expansion under § 35.928-2(a)(2)(ii), together with interest earned....

  18. 40 CFR 35.925-17 - Retained amounts for reconstruction and expansion.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... expansion. 35.925-17 Section 35.925-17 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GRANTS AND... Water Act § 35.925-17 Retained amounts for reconstruction and expansion. That the allowable project... retains for future reconstruction and expansion under § 35.928-2(a)(2)(ii), together with interest earned....

  19. 40 CFR 35.925-17 - Retained amounts for reconstruction and expansion.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... expansion. 35.925-17 Section 35.925-17 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GRANTS AND... Water Act § 35.925-17 Retained amounts for reconstruction and expansion. That the allowable project... retains for future reconstruction and expansion under § 35.928-2(a)(2)(ii), together with interest earned....

  20. 40 CFR 35.925-17 - Retained amounts for reconstruction and expansion.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... expansion. 35.925-17 Section 35.925-17 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GRANTS AND... Water Act § 35.925-17 Retained amounts for reconstruction and expansion. That the allowable project... retains for future reconstruction and expansion under § 35.928-2(a)(2)(ii), together with interest earned....

  1. 40 CFR 35.925-17 - Retained amounts for reconstruction and expansion.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... expansion. 35.925-17 Section 35.925-17 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GRANTS AND... Water Act § 35.925-17 Retained amounts for reconstruction and expansion. That the allowable project... retains for future reconstruction and expansion under § 35.928-2(a)(2)(ii), together with interest earned....

  2. Earned Media

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sunshine, Alice

    2011-01-01

    "Earned media" is exactly what one thinks it is. The people who do the necessary work to earn coverage of their issue or battle are the ones who will get their story out to the public. Earning media coverage involves giving careful attention to the mechanics of reaching out to news outlets. Most people can learn the mechanics through…

  3. Legal requirements for donating and retaining organs: the Human Tissue Act.

    PubMed

    Griffith, Richard

    2006-10-01

    The Human Tissue Act 2004 came into force on 1 September 2006 and introduced significant changes in the way human body parts, tissue and organs are removed, stored and used. The Act seeks to remedy the poor availability of organs for transplant caused in part by laws that date back to the 17th Century and to right the concerns raised by the Liverpool Children's Inquiry that revealed widespread retention of organs by hospitals without permission. In this article Richard Griffith describes how consent is now the driving force underpinning such activity and how the wishes of the patient remain paramount even after death. He also outlines how the Human Tissue Authority will licence and inspect activities involving human tissue under the Act and discuss how the new law will affect district nurse practice.

  4. Spousal Mobility and Earnings

    PubMed Central

    MCKINNISH, TERRA

    2008-01-01

    An important finding in the literature on migration has been that the earnings of married women typically decrease with a move, while the earnings of married men often increase with a move, suggesting that married women are more likely to act as the “trailing spouse.” This article considers a related but largely unexplored question: what is the effect of having an occupation that is associated with frequent migration on the migration decisions of a household and on the earnings of the spouse? Further, how do these effects differ between men and women? The Public Use Microdata Sample from the 2000 U.S. decennial census is used to calculate migration rates by occupation and education. The analysis estimates the effects of these occupational mobility measures on the migration of couples and the earnings of married individuals. I find that migration rates in both the husband’s and wife’s occupations affect the household migration decision, but mobility in the husband’s occupation matters considerably more. For couples in which the husband has a college degree (regardless of the wife’s educational level), a husband’s mobility has a large, significant negative effect on his wife’s earnings, whereas a wife’s mobility has no effect on her husband’s earnings. This negative effect does not exist for college-educated wives married to non-college-educated husbands. PMID:19110900

  5. 12 CFR 1805.504 - Retained earnings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... applicable Notice of Funds Availability; (C) The Applicant's Comprehensive Business Plan shall discuss its... the Applicant will have a high probability of success in achieving said increases to the...

  6. Cueing task goals and earning money: Relatively high monetary rewards reduce failures to act on goals in a Stroop task.

    PubMed

    Veling, Harm; Aarts, Henk

    2010-06-01

    We examined the role of monetary rewards in failures to act on goals in a Stroop task. Based on recent developments in theorizing on the interplay between rewards and cognitive control, we hypothesized that relatively high monetary rewards enhance the focus and stability of a cued task goal compared to low monetary rewards, and hence cause a reduction in failures to act on current task goals under circumstances that warrant top-down goal implementation. To test this, participants received a modified version of the Stroop task, in which they were either briefly cued with the goal of naming the color or meaning of targets on a trial-by-trial basis. After goal cuing, but before presenting the target, either a low or high reward cue was presented. Results showed that higher rewards produced a general speed-up. More importantly, Stroop interference on error rates was lower in the high reward condition compared to the low reward condition, revealing that the rewards enhanced focus and stability of the cued goal. These results provide support for theorizing that reward processing modulates utility assessment of current goals by affecting attention to facilitate goal-directed behavior.

  7. The Impact of CETA Programs on Components of Participants' Earnings.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dickinson, Katherine P.; And Others

    1987-01-01

    The authors examine the effects of Comprehensive Employment and Training Act (CETA) program participation on post-program earnings. Results show that CETA participation had a significant negative effect on men's earnings and hours worked per week. However, the same experience had a positive effect on women's earnings and hours worked. (Author/CH)

  8. 20 CFR 225.14 - Railroad Earnings Dual Benefit PIA.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2014-04-01 2012-04-01 true Railroad Earnings Dual Benefit PIA. 225.14 Section 225.14 Employees' Benefits RAILROAD RETIREMENT BOARD REGULATIONS UNDER THE RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT... Annuities § 225.14 Railroad Earnings Dual Benefit PIA. (a) General. The Railroad Earnings Dual Benefit...

  9. 20 CFR 225.14 - Railroad Earnings Dual Benefit PIA.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Railroad Earnings Dual Benefit PIA. 225.14 Section 225.14 Employees' Benefits RAILROAD RETIREMENT BOARD REGULATIONS UNDER THE RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT... Annuities § 225.14 Railroad Earnings Dual Benefit PIA. (a) General. The Railroad Earnings Dual Benefit...

  10. 20 CFR 225.14 - Railroad Earnings Dual Benefit PIA.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Railroad Earnings Dual Benefit PIA. 225.14 Section 225.14 Employees' Benefits RAILROAD RETIREMENT BOARD REGULATIONS UNDER THE RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT... Annuities § 225.14 Railroad Earnings Dual Benefit PIA. (a) General. The Railroad Earnings Dual Benefit...

  11. Rate-limiting steps of stereochemistry retaining ß-D-xylosidase from Geobacillus stearothermophilus acting as substrates

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Kinetic experiments of GSXynB2, a ß-xylosidase, acting on 2-nitrophenyl-ß-D-xylopyranoside (2NPX), 4-nitrophenyl-ß-D-xylopyranoside (4NPX), 4-methylumbelliferyl-ß-D-xylopyanoside (MuX) and xylobiose (X2) were conducted at pH 7.0 and 25 °C. Catalysis proceeds in two steps: E + substrate TO E-xylose ...

  12. Women's Earnings: An Overview.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bowler, Mary

    1999-01-01

    Over the past 20 years, women's real earnings rose whereas those of men declined. Even as the gender pay gap narrowed, earnings differences between white women and black and Hispanic women continued to grow. (Author)

  13. The Effect of CETA on the Postprogram Earnings of Participants.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bassi, Laurie J.

    1983-01-01

    Describes a study of efforts to use the Continuous Longitudinal Manpower Survey to estimate the effect that the Comprehensive Employment and Training Act (CETA) has had on the post-training earnings of participants. Results indicate that CETA has had a positive and often significant effect on the earnings of participants, and that women benefited…

  14. Recovery Act Education Programs: Funding Retained Teachers, but Education Could More Consistently Communicate Stabilization Monitoring Issues. Report to Congress. GAO-11-804

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scott, George A.

    2011-01-01

    The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (Recovery Act) provided $70.3 billion for three education programs--the State Fiscal Stabilization Fund (SFSF); Title I, Part A of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (Title I); and Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), Part B. One goal of the Recovery Act was to save and…

  15. Aesthetic Retainer cum Trainer

    PubMed Central

    Kalra, Shilpa; Rai, Priyank

    2017-01-01

    Tongue thrust habit is one of the contributing factors in the relapse of orthodontic treatment results. Compliance with removable habit breaking appliance is a major issue to the dental practitioners treating patients of any age group. Through this case we introduce a more aesthetic and comfortable option to the patients requiring habit control for tongue thrusting and retention of treatment results. Hence, this appliance acts as a retainer cum trainer in such patients. PMID:28274080

  16. Aesthetic Retainer cum Trainer.

    PubMed

    Tripathi, Tulika; Kalra, Shilpa; Rai, Priyank

    2017-01-01

    Tongue thrust habit is one of the contributing factors in the relapse of orthodontic treatment results. Compliance with removable habit breaking appliance is a major issue to the dental practitioners treating patients of any age group. Through this case we introduce a more aesthetic and comfortable option to the patients requiring habit control for tongue thrusting and retention of treatment results. Hence, this appliance acts as a retainer cum trainer in such patients.

  17. Language skills and earnings among legalized aliens.

    PubMed

    Chiswick, B R; Miller, P W

    1999-01-01

    "This paper uses the data on males and females from the 1989 [U.S.] Legalized Population Survey (LPS), a sample of aliens granted amnesty under 1986 Immigration Reform and Control Act, to analyse English language proficiency and earnings.... English language proficiency is greater for those with more schooling, who immigrated at a younger age, who have been in the United States longer, with a more continuos stay, and who have less access to other origin language speakers where they live. Earnings are higher by about 8% for men and 17% for women who are proficient in both speaking and reading English, compared to those lacking both skills."

  18. Personality, Education and Earnings

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Silles, Mary A.

    2010-01-01

    Economists are only beginning to understand the relationship between personality traits and economic outcomes. This paper examines the influence of childhood social maladjustment on cognitive development, labor market earnings and career progression using longitudinal data drawn from the National Child Development Study. Net of differences in…

  19. Postretirement earnings relative to preretirement earnings: gender and racial differences.

    PubMed

    Ozawa, Martha N; Hong, Baeg-Eui

    2006-01-01

    As the social security program comes under increasing financial pressure in the coming decades, the federal government will encourage elderly people to continue to work. Data from the Social Security Administration indicate that earnings are already a sizable component of retirement income. But there is public concern about how women and minorities will fare economically in this changing policy environment. To what extent can women and minorities keep earning money after they reach retirement age? This article presents the results of a study that investigated the postretirement earnings, relative to the preretirement earnings, of women and minorities, and compared the results with those for men and whites. The major finding, based on regression analyses, was that women's postretirement earnings, relative to their preretirement earnings, were greater than those of men. Furthermore, the regression results indicate that nonwhites' postretirement earnings could not be predicted by their preretirement earnings or by any of the independent variables used in the study, including age, gender, education, marital status, number of children, occupation, and preretirement earnings.

  20. Learn to Earn Act of 2011

    THOMAS, 112th Congress

    Rep. Loebsack, David [D-IA-2

    2011-11-16

    03/29/2012 Referred to the Subcommittee on Early Childhood, Elementary, and Secondary Education. (All Actions) Tracker: This bill has the status IntroducedHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  1. Earned Value-Added

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Jansen, Michael

    2005-01-01

    Earned value management [EVM] ...either you swear by it, or swear at it. Either way, there s no getting around the fact that EVM can be one of the most efficient and insightful methods of synthesizing cost, schedule, and technical status information into a single set of program health metrics. Is there a way of implementing EVM that allows a program to reap its early warning benefits while avoiding the pitfalls that make it infamous to its detractors? That s the question recently faced by the International Space Station [ISS] program.

  2. Retainer for laboratory animals

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lee, R. W.

    1979-01-01

    Bio-retainer holds laboratory animals in fixed position for research and clinical experiments. Retainer allows full access to animals and can be rapidly opened and closed to admit and release specimens.

  3. Reality of Retainers

    MedlinePlus

    ... The most common reason is to help your teeth stay set in their new positions after wearing braces . It's important to wear your retainer because as your body grows, your teeth do some shifting. The retainer helps to control ...

  4. An Analysis of the Impact of CETA Programs on Participants' Earnings.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dickinson, Katherine P.; And Others

    1986-01-01

    Provides estimates of the impact of Comprehensive Employment and Training Act (CETA) programs on participants' postprogram earnings using matched comparison groups developed from a "nearest-neighbor" matching technique. Results indicate that CETA has a negative and statistically significant earnings impact for adult men, and a modest,…

  5. 20 CFR 702.286 - Report of earnings; forfeiture of compensation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... compensation. 702.286 Section 702.286 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT STANDARDS ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR LONGSHOREMEN'S AND HARBOR WORKERS' COMPENSATION ACT AND RELATED STATUTES ADMINISTRATION AND PROCEDURE Claims Procedures Report of Earnings § 702.286 Report of earnings; forfeiture of compensation....

  6. 49 CFR 526.5 - Earning offsetting monetary credits in future model years.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 6 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Earning offsetting monetary credits in future... UNDER THE AUTOMOBILE FUEL EFFICIENCY ACT OF 1980 § 526.5 Earning offsetting monetary credits in future... the petitioner's fleet affected by each product action (e.g., all K-cars with 6-cylinder engines)...

  7. 20 CFR 302.4 - Nonqualifying earnings or payments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... Section 302.4 Employees' Benefits RAILROAD RETIREMENT BOARD REGULATIONS UNDER THE RAILROAD UNEMPLOYMENT... organization; (b) Tips; (c) Payments under nongovernmental plans for unemployment, maternity or sickness... lost; (e) Wages from employment that is subject to the Federal Unemployment Tax Act; (f) Earnings...

  8. 20 CFR 302.4 - Nonqualifying earnings or payments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... Section 302.4 Employees' Benefits RAILROAD RETIREMENT BOARD REGULATIONS UNDER THE RAILROAD UNEMPLOYMENT... organization; (b) Tips; (c) Payments under nongovernmental plans for unemployment, maternity or sickness... lost; (e) Wages from employment that is subject to the Federal Unemployment Tax Act; (f) Earnings...

  9. 20 CFR 302.4 - Nonqualifying earnings or payments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... Section 302.4 Employees' Benefits RAILROAD RETIREMENT BOARD REGULATIONS UNDER THE RAILROAD UNEMPLOYMENT... organization; (b) Tips; (c) Payments under nongovernmental plans for unemployment, maternity or sickness... lost; (e) Wages from employment that is subject to the Federal Unemployment Tax Act; (f) Earnings...

  10. 20 CFR 302.4 - Nonqualifying earnings or payments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... Section 302.4 Employees' Benefits RAILROAD RETIREMENT BOARD REGULATIONS UNDER THE RAILROAD UNEMPLOYMENT... organization; (b) Tips; (c) Payments under nongovernmental plans for unemployment, maternity or sickness... lost; (e) Wages from employment that is subject to the Federal Unemployment Tax Act; (f) Earnings...

  11. 20 CFR 302.4 - Nonqualifying earnings or payments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... Section 302.4 Employees' Benefits RAILROAD RETIREMENT BOARD REGULATIONS UNDER THE RAILROAD UNEMPLOYMENT... organization; (b) Tips; (c) Payments under nongovernmental plans for unemployment, maternity or sickness... lost; (e) Wages from employment that is subject to the Federal Unemployment Tax Act; (f) Earnings...

  12. 20 CFR 725.536 - Reductions; excess earnings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ACT, AS AMENDED Payment of Benefits Increases and Reductions of Benefits § 725.536 Reductions; excess earnings. In the case of a surviving parent, brother, or sister, whose claim was filed at any time, or of a miner whose claim was filed on or after January 1, 1982,...

  13. 20 CFR 410.530 - Reductions; excess earnings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Reductions; excess earnings. 410.530 Section 410.530 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION FEDERAL COAL MINE HEALTH AND SAFETY ACT OF 1969, TITLE IV-BLACK LUNG BENEFITS (1969- ) Payment of Benefits § 410.530 Reductions; excess...

  14. 20 CFR 410.530 - Reductions; excess earnings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Reductions; excess earnings. 410.530 Section 410.530 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION FEDERAL COAL MINE HEALTH AND SAFETY ACT OF 1969, TITLE IV-BLACK LUNG BENEFITS (1969- ) Payment of Benefits § 410.530 Reductions; excess...

  15. Reality of Retainers

    MedlinePlus

    ... Room? What Happens in the Operating Room? The Reality of Retainers KidsHealth > For Kids > The Reality of Retainers Print A A A What's in ... minutes each day. You may also notice an increased saliva flow (more spit in your mouth) in ...

  16. Thoughts on Earned Value Assessments

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Pido, Kelle

    2009-01-01

    This slide presentation reviews the concepts of Earned Value reporting and Earned Value Metrics (EVM) and the implementation for the Constellation Program. EVM is used to manage both the contract and civil service workforce, and used as a measure of contractor costs and performance. The Program EVM is not as useful for Level of Effort tasking, for either contractor, or civil service employees. Some issues and concerns in reference to EVM and the process for the use of EVM for Mission assurance are reviewed,

  17. Earnings Capacity, Economic Status, and Poverty

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Garfinkel, Irwin; Haveman, Robert

    1977-01-01

    "Earnings capacity" is suggested as an alternative to "annual money income" as an indicator of economic status. The socioeconomic and demographic determinants of poverty as measured by earnings capacity and by annual money income are compared and contrasted. (WL)

  18. The Black- White Earnings Gap

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Christensen, Sandra; Bernard, Keith

    1974-01-01

    Using projected labor force data (race, sex, and education) nondiscriminatory and discriminatory black-white occupational patterns and earnings ratios are defined to the year 2000. Rather than realistic estimates, the projections are designed as standards to measure progress in eliminating racial discrimination in the labor market. (EA)

  19. 20 CFR 404.429 - Earnings; defined.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Earnings; defined. 404.429 Section 404.429...- ) Deductions; Reductions; and Nonpayments of Benefits § 404.429 Earnings; defined. (a) General. The term “earnings” as used in this subpart (other than as a part of the phrase “net earnings from...

  20. Women's Education and Earnings in Texas.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Werschkul, Misha; Gault, Barbara; Caiazza, Amy; Hartmann, Heidi

    2005-01-01

    Women have made remarkable strides in education during the past three decades, but these gains have yet to translate into full equity in pay. Women still earn less than men earn in nearly every profession and at every stage of their careers, and this earnings gap is evident in every state in the nation. This report focuses on educational…

  1. Earnings of Students Who Change Universities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Holmlund, Linda; Regner, Hakan

    2012-01-01

    Using data on Swedish university entrants, this study finds that earnings are significantly lower for students who change universities compared to students who do not change. Earnings differences decrease over time and over the earnings distribution. The pattern in the estimates seems consistent with non-transfer students having higher earnings…

  2. Edufare for the Future Precariat: The Moral Agenda in Australia's "Earning or Learning" Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Doherty, Catherine

    2017-01-01

    This paper considers the educational experience constructed under Australia's policy decision in 2009 to extend compulsory education by requiring that students must be "earning or learning" till 17 years of age. The discussion draws on an empirical project that explored the moral order operating in classrooms for students retained under…

  3. 50 CFR 80.125 - How must an agency treat income that it earns after the grant period?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 9 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false How must an agency treat income that it... SPORT FISH RESTORATION ACTS Program Income § 80.125 How must an agency treat income that it earns after the grant period? (a) The State fish and wildlife agency must treat program income that it earns...

  4. Planning Value vs Earned Value

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-05-01

    20 196 10 98 7 Postmortem 4 200 2 100 Les Dupaix - 17Earned Value Duration Charts Gantt (Bar) Chart Si lmp e Can show dependencies Tracking planned vs...7 7 4 2 Identify Requirements 78 86 39 43 4 6 96 103 43 3 Match Requirements 20 106 10 53 5 7 24 127 53 to Phases 4 Identify Risk Areas 20 126 10 63

  5. Retained Digital Flexible Ureteroscopes

    PubMed Central

    Huynh, Melissa; Telfer, Siobhan; Pautler, Stephen; Denstedt, John

    2017-01-01

    Abstract This report documents two instances of retained flexible ureteroscopes at the time of ureteroscopy and laser lithotripsy in a healthy 37-year-old male and a 53-year-old male with a pelvic kidney. We describe maneuvers to remove the ureteroscope endoscopically in the first case, while the second case required conversion to open surgery for ureteroscope extrication. PMID:28265593

  6. 50 CFR 80.125 - How must an agency treat income that it earns after the grant period?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... WILDLIFE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR (CONTINUED) FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE-WILDLIFE SPORT FISH... SPORT FISH RESTORATION ACTS Program Income § 80.125 How must an agency treat income that it earns...

  7. 50 CFR 80.126 - How must an agency treat income earned by a subgrantee after the grant period?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... AND WILDLIFE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR (CONTINUED) FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE-WILDLIFE SPORT FISH... SPORT FISH RESTORATION ACTS Program Income § 80.126 How must an agency treat income earned by...

  8. 50 CFR 80.125 - How must an agency treat income that it earns after the grant period?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... WILDLIFE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR (CONTINUED) FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE-WILDLIFE AND SPORT FISH... SPORT FISH RESTORATION ACTS Program Income § 80.125 How must an agency treat income that it earns...

  9. 50 CFR 80.125 - How must an agency treat income that it earns after the grant period?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... WILDLIFE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR (CONTINUED) FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE-WILDLIFE SPORT FISH... SPORT FISH RESTORATION ACTS Program Income § 80.125 How must an agency treat income that it earns...

  10. 50 CFR 80.126 - How must an agency treat income earned by a subgrantee after the grant period?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... AND WILDLIFE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR (CONTINUED) FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE-WILDLIFE SPORT FISH... SPORT FISH RESTORATION ACTS Program Income § 80.126 How must an agency treat income earned by...

  11. 75 FR 56858 - Improvements to the Supplemental Security Income Program-Heroes Earnings Assistance and Relief...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-17

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION 20 CFR Part 416 RIN 0960-AH00 Improvements to the Supplemental Security Income Program--Heroes Earnings Assistance and Relief Tax Act of 2008 (HEART Act) AGENCY: Social Security Administration....

  12. Retained gas inventory comparison

    SciTech Connect

    BARTON, W.B.

    1999-05-18

    Gas volume data derived from four different analytical methods were collected and analyzed for comparison to volumes originally used in the technical basis for the Basis for Interim Operations (BIO). The original volumes came from Hodgson (1996) listed in the reference section of this document. Hodgson (1996) screened all 177 single and double-shell tanks for the presence of trapped gas in waste via two analytical methods: Surface Level Rise (SLR), and Barometric Pressure Effect (BPE). More recent gas volume projections have been calculated using different analytical techniques along with updates to the parameters used as input to the SLR and BPE models. Gas volumes derived from new analytical instruments include those as measured by the Void Fraction Instrument (VFI) and Retained Gas Sampler (RGS). The results of this comparison demonstrate that the original retained gas volumes of Hodgson (1996) used as a technical basis in developing the BIO were conservative, and were conservative from a safety analysis standpoint. These results represent only comparisons to the original reported volumes using the limited set of newly acquired data that is available.

  13. Prevention of retained surgical items.

    PubMed

    Feldman, David L

    2011-01-01

    Reduction in retained surgical items is an important part of any operating room patient-safety effort. Any item used in an operation can result in a retained surgical item, but sponges are the most frequent and the abdomen is the most common location. Retained sponges can cause significant morbidity, and the costs associated with both prevention and treatment of retained surgical items, including legal costs, can be considerable. This review will examine counting, teamwork, radiography, and new technology as methods used to prevent retained surgical items. Even though none of these techniques individually is likely to completely prevent retained surgical items, when used together the numbers can be reduced.

  14. 5 CFR 630.604 - Earning rates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Forces of the United States, for the duration of such tour—0 (zero) days. (b) An agency shall credit home... Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS ABSENCE AND LEAVE Home Leave § 630.604 Earning rates. (a) For each 12 months of service abroad, an employee earns home leave at...

  15. Insult to Injury: Disability, Earnings, and Divorce

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Singleton, Perry

    2012-01-01

    This study measures the longitudinal effect of disability on earnings, marriage, and divorce. The data come from the Survey of Income and Program Participation matched to administrative data on longitudinal earnings. Using event-study methods, the results show that the onset of a work-preventing disability is associated with a precipitous decline…

  16. The Earnings Gap between Women and Men.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Women's Bureau (DOL), Washington, DC.

    The size of the earnings gap between men and women has not changed substantially in recent years. The sustained earnings differential contrasts significantly with recent gains women have made in the job market. Several factors contribute to the wage differences: (1) The majority of women are in lower-paying occupations and lower-status jobs even…

  17. The College Payoff: Education, Occupations, Lifetime Earnings

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carnevale, Anthony P.; Rose, Stephen J.; Cheah, Ban

    2011-01-01

    A college degree pays off--but by just how much? In this report from the Georgetown University Center on Education and the Workforce, the authors examine just what a college degree is worth--and what else besides a degree might influence an individual's potential earnings. This report examines lifetime earnings for all education levels and…

  18. 26 CFR 1.56(g)-1 - Adjusted current earnings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... earnings of the paying corporation that are subject to federal income tax. Earnings are considered subject..., times $50 distributed) is deemed to be attributable to earnings of the paying corporation that...

  19. 26 CFR 1.56(g)-1 - Adjusted current earnings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... earnings of the paying corporation that are subject to federal income tax. Earnings are considered subject..., times $50 distributed) is deemed to be attributable to earnings of the paying corporation that...

  20. 26 CFR 1.56(g)-1 - Adjusted current earnings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... earnings of the paying corporation that are subject to federal income tax. Earnings are considered subject..., times $50 distributed) is deemed to be attributable to earnings of the paying corporation that...

  1. Intraoccupational Earnings Inequality. Human Capital and Institutional Determinants.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lorence, Jon

    1987-01-01

    Examines the distribution of earnings within occupations. Finds that these are more widely distributed than earnings among differing occupations. Suggests some gender differences in the processes generating earnings disparities within occupations. (CH)

  2. Earning potential in multilevel marketing enterprises

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Legara, Erika Fille; Monterola, Christopher; Juanico, Dranreb Earl; Litong-Palima, Marisciel; Saloma, Caesar

    2008-08-01

    Government regulators and other concerned citizens warily view multilevel marketing enterprises (MLM) because of their close operational resemblance to exploitative pyramid schemes. We analyze two types of MLM network architectures - the unilevel and binary, in terms of growth behavior and earning potential among members. We show that network growth decelerates after reaching a size threshold, contrary to claims of unrestricted growth by MLM recruiters. We have also found that the earning potential in binary MLM’s obey the Pareto “80-20” rule, implying an earning opportunity that is strongly biased against the most recent members. On the other hand, unilevel MLM’s do not exhibit the Pareto earning distribution and earning potential is independent of member position in the network. Our analytical results agree well with field data taken from real-world MLM’s in the Philippines. Our analysis is generally valid and can be applied to other MLM architectures.

  3. Polyurethane retainers for ball bearings

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Christy, R. I.

    1973-01-01

    Evaluation of a new ball bearing retainer material is reported. A special composite polyurethane foam ball retainer has been developed that has virtually zero wear, is chemically inert to hydrocarbon lubricants, and stores up to 60 times as much lubricant per unit volume as the most commonly used retainer material, cotton phenolic. This new retainer concept shows promise of years of ball bearing operation without reoiling, based on life testing in high vacuum.

  4. 48 CFR 52.234-4 - Earned Value Management System.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Earned Value Management....234-4 Earned Value Management System. As prescribed in 34.203(c), insert the following clause: Earned Value Management System (JUL 2006) (a) The Contractor shall use an earned value management system...

  5. Geographic Differences in the Earnings of Economics Majors

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Winters, John V.; Xu, Weineng

    2014-01-01

    Economics has been shown to be a relatively high-earning college major, but geographic differences in earnings have been largely overlooked. The authors of this article use the American Community Survey to examine geographic differences in both absolute earnings and relative earnings for economics majors. They find that there are substantial…

  6. Earnings Quality Measures and Excess Returns.

    PubMed

    Perotti, Pietro; Wagenhofer, Alfred

    2014-06-01

    This paper examines how commonly used earnings quality measures fulfill a key objective of financial reporting, i.e., improving decision usefulness for investors. We propose a stock-price-based measure for assessing the quality of earnings quality measures. We predict that firms with higher earnings quality will be less mispriced than other firms. Mispricing is measured by the difference of the mean absolute excess returns of portfolios formed on high and low values of a measure. We examine persistence, predictability, two measures of smoothness, abnormal accruals, accruals quality, earnings response coefficient and value relevance. For a large sample of US non-financial firms over the period 1988-2007, we show that all measures except for smoothness are negatively associated with absolute excess returns, suggesting that smoothness is generally a favorable attribute of earnings. Accruals measures generate the largest spread in absolute excess returns, followed by smoothness and market-based measures. These results lend support to the widespread use of accruals measures as overall measures of earnings quality in the literature.

  7. Earnings Quality Measures and Excess Returns

    PubMed Central

    Perotti, Pietro; Wagenhofer, Alfred

    2014-01-01

    This paper examines how commonly used earnings quality measures fulfill a key objective of financial reporting, i.e., improving decision usefulness for investors. We propose a stock-price-based measure for assessing the quality of earnings quality measures. We predict that firms with higher earnings quality will be less mispriced than other firms. Mispricing is measured by the difference of the mean absolute excess returns of portfolios formed on high and low values of a measure. We examine persistence, predictability, two measures of smoothness, abnormal accruals, accruals quality, earnings response coefficient and value relevance. For a large sample of US non-financial firms over the period 1988–2007, we show that all measures except for smoothness are negatively associated with absolute excess returns, suggesting that smoothness is generally a favorable attribute of earnings. Accruals measures generate the largest spread in absolute excess returns, followed by smoothness and market-based measures. These results lend support to the widespread use of accruals measures as overall measures of earnings quality in the literature. PMID:26300582

  8. 76 FR 63716 - Open Meeting of the Taxpayer Advocacy Panel Earned Income Tax Credit Project Committee

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-13

    ... Doc No: 2011-26394] DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY Internal Revenue Service Open Meeting of the Taxpayer.... ACTION: Notice of meeting. SUMMARY: An open meeting of the Taxpayer Advocacy Panel Earned Income Tax...)(2) of the Federal Advisory Committee Act, 5 U.S.C. App. (1988) that an open meeting of the...

  9. 76 FR 26705 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; Commercial Fishing Vessel Cost and Earnings...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-09

    ... Commerce, to make informed decisions about the expected economic effects of proposed management...; Commercial Fishing Vessel Cost and Earnings Data Collection Survey in the Northeast Region AGENCY: National... legislative requirements of the Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act, the...

  10. 76 FR 45006 - Open Meeting of the Taxpayer Advocacy Panel Earned Income Tax Credit Project Committee

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-27

    ...] [FR Doc No: 2011-19022] DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY Internal Revenue Service Open Meeting of the...), Treasury. ACTION: Notice of meeting. SUMMARY: An open meeting of the Taxpayer Advocacy Panel Earned Income... Section 10(a)(2) of the Federal Advisory Committee Act, 5 U.S.C. App. (1988) that an open meeting of...

  11. 49 CFR 526.5 - Earning offsetting monetary credits in future model years.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... UNDER THE AUTOMOBILE FUEL EFFICIENCY ACT OF 1980 § 526.5 Earning offsetting monetary credits in future... for the class of automobiles which may fail to comply with a fuel economy standard and for any other classes of automobiles from which credits may be transferred, for the current model year and for...

  12. 49 CFR 526.5 - Earning offsetting monetary credits in future model years.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... UNDER THE AUTOMOBILE FUEL EFFICIENCY ACT OF 1980 § 526.5 Earning offsetting monetary credits in future... for the class of automobiles which may fail to comply with a fuel economy standard and for any other classes of automobiles from which credits may be transferred, for the current model year and for...

  13. 49 CFR 526.5 - Earning offsetting monetary credits in future model years.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... UNDER THE AUTOMOBILE FUEL EFFICIENCY ACT OF 1980 § 526.5 Earning offsetting monetary credits in future... for the class of automobiles which may fail to comply with a fuel economy standard and for any other classes of automobiles from which credits may be transferred, for the current model year and for...

  14. Educators Achieving Reciprocity Now (E.A.R.N.) Act

    THOMAS, 111th Congress

    Rep. Baca, Joe [D-CA-43

    2009-05-12

    06/11/2009 Referred to the Subcommittee on Early Childhood, Elementary, and Secondary Education. (All Actions) Tracker: This bill has the status IntroducedHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  15. Education and Lifetime Earnings in the United States.

    PubMed

    Tamborini, Christopher R; Kim, ChangHwan; Sakamoto, Arthur

    2015-08-01

    Differences in lifetime earnings by educational attainment have been of great research and policy interest. Although a large literature examines earnings differences by educational attainment, research on lifetime earnings--which refers to total accumulated earnings from entry into the labor market until retirement--remains limited because of the paucity of adequate data. Using data that match respondents in the Survey of Income and Program Participation to their longitudinal tax earnings as recorded by the Social Security Administration, we estimate the 50-year work career effects of education on lifetime earnings for men and women. By overcoming the purely synthetic cohort approach, our results provide a more realistic appraisal of actual patterns of lifetime earnings. Detailed estimates are provided for gross lifetime earnings by education; net lifetime earnings after controlling for covariates associated with the probability of obtaining a bachelor's degree; and the net present 50-year lifetime value of education at age 20. In addition, we provide estimates that include individuals with zero earnings and disability. We also assess the adequacy of the purely synthetic cohort approach, which uses age differences in earnings observed in cross-sectional surveys to approximate lifetime earnings. Overall, our results confirm the persistent positive effects of higher education on earnings over different stages of the work career and over a lifetime, but also reveal notably smaller net effects on lifetime earnings compared with previously reported estimates. We discuss the implications of these and other findings.

  16. Education and Lifetime Earnings in the United States

    PubMed Central

    Tamborini, Christopher R.; Kim, ChangHwan; Sakamoto, Arthur

    2015-01-01

    Differences in lifetime earnings by educational attainment have been of great research and policy interest. Although a large literature examines earnings differences by educational attainment, research on lifetime earnings—which refers to total accumulated earnings from entry into the labor market until retirement—remains limited because of the paucity of adequate data. Using data that match respondents in the Survey of Income and Program Participation to their longitudinal tax earnings as recorded by the Social Security Administration, we estimate the 50-year work career effects of education on lifetime earnings for men and women. By overcoming the purely synthetic cohort approach, our results provide a more realistic appraisal of actual patterns of lifetime earnings. Detailed estimates are provided for gross lifetime earnings by education; net lifetime earnings after controlling for covariates associated with the probability of obtaining a bachelor’s degree; and the net present 50-year lifetime value of education at age 20. In addition, we provide estimates that include individuals with zero earnings and disability. We also assess the adequacy of the purely synthetic cohort approach, which uses age differences in earnings observed in cross-sectional surveys to approximate lifetime earnings. Overall, our results confirm the persistent positive effects of higher education on earnings over different stages of the work career and over a lifetime, but also reveal notably smaller net effects on lifetime earnings compared with previously reported estimates. We discuss the implications of these and other findings. PMID:26100983

  17. 20 CFR 404.428 - Earnings in a taxable year.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... satisfaction that you have a different taxable year. If you are self-employed, your taxable year is a calendar... earnings or net losses from self-employment count as earnings or losses in the year for which such...

  18. 20 CFR 404.428 - Earnings in a taxable year.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... satisfaction that you have a different taxable year. If you are self-employed, your taxable year is a calendar... earnings or net losses from self-employment count as earnings or losses in the year for which such...

  19. 20 CFR 404.428 - Earnings in a taxable year.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... satisfaction that you have a different taxable year. If you are self-employed, your taxable year is a calendar... earnings or net losses from self-employment count as earnings or losses in the year for which such...

  20. 20 CFR 404.428 - Earnings in a taxable year.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... satisfaction that you have a different taxable year. If you are self-employed, your taxable year is a calendar... earnings or net losses from self-employment count as earnings or losses in the year for which such...

  1. 20 CFR 404.428 - Earnings in a taxable year.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... satisfaction that you have a different taxable year. If you are self-employed, your taxable year is a calendar... earnings or net losses from self-employment count as earnings or losses in the year for which such...

  2. EARNINGS IN THE MACHINERY INDUSTRIES, MID-1966.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    BAUER, FREDERICK L.

    RESULTS OF A MID-1966 NATIONWIDE SURVEY BY THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS SHOWED THAT THE EARNINGS OF PRODUCTION AND RELATED NONELECTRICAL MACHINERY WORKERS IN 21 LARGE OCCUPATIONAL AREAS VARIED BY OCCUPATION, SIZE OF ESTABLISHMENT, AND COMMUNITY, INDUSTRY, LABOR-MANAGEMENT CONTRACT STATUS, AND LOCATION. THE AVERAGE HOURLY WAGE WAS $2.84. HIGHER…

  3. Japan's Teachers Earn Tenure on Day One

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ahn, Ruth; Asanuma, Shigeru; Mori, Hisayoshi

    2016-01-01

    Teachers in Japan earn tenure on their first day of employment--not after two years of experience based on evaluations of teaching performance or student test scores. This is almost too good to be true. If tenure is so easy to attain, how do the Japanese make sure their teachers, especially novice teachers hired with little teaching experience,…

  4. NASA Earned Value Management (EVM) Update

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kerby, Jerald

    2013-01-01

    Earned Value Management (EVM) is an integrated management control system for assessing, understanding and qualifying what a project is achieving with the resoures. EVM integrates technical cost and schedules with risk management. It allows objective assessment and quantification of current project performance, and helps predict future performance-based trents.

  5. Differences in Occupational Earnings by Sex.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Robinson, Derek

    1998-01-01

    This analysis of the female/male wage gap in diverse countries looks at pay scales/job rates, average wage/salary rates, and average earnings in medical, public service, banking, and finance occupations. Explanations for differences and discussion of methodological issues are offered. (SK)

  6. Opportunity Texas[TM]: Learn. Earn. Save.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Center for Public Policy Priorities, 2010

    2010-01-01

    Texas faces numerous challenges but also has abundant opportunities to build the middle class and increase prosperity. Unfortunately, too many Texans are on the sideline, lacking access to opportunities to learn, earn, and save to secure a more prosperous future for themselves and their families. To create jobs, increase income, and promote…

  7. E-Learning Strategy for Earning Learners

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Singaravelu, G.

    2011-01-01

    The study enlightens the effectiveness of e-learning strategy in learning English among the in-service teachers who are studying B.Ed in School of Distance Education, Bharathiar University, Coimbatore. E-learning strategy is a life long learning strategy for earning in-service teachers. It is a strategy of remaining in employment, which can be…

  8. Earning and Learning: Reasons Students Attend College

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arboleda, Ana; Chen, JingJing; Shelley, Mack C., II; Whalen, Donald F.

    2004-01-01

    Linear models of two of the most salient motivations for undergraduates to attend college--learning (intrinsic) and enhanced post-graduation earnings (extrinsic)--are estimated from a sample of 2,199 respondents to the 2000 Cooperative Institutional Research Program (CIRP) survey of first-year students, supplemented by institutional records. Model…

  9. 48 CFR 252.234-7002 - Earned Value Management System.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Earned Value Management... of Provisions And Clauses 252.234-7002 Earned Value Management System. As prescribed in 234.203(2), use the following clause: Earned Value Management System (APR 2008) (a) In the performance of...

  10. 5 CFR 844.402 - Restoration of earning capacity.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Restoration of earning capacity. 844.402 Section 844.402 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT (CONTINUED) CIVIL SERVICE... Reinstatement of Disability Annuity § 844.402 Restoration of earning capacity. (a) Earning...

  11. 5 CFR 844.402 - Restoration of earning capacity.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Restoration of earning capacity. 844.402... Reinstatement of Disability Annuity § 844.402 Restoration of earning capacity. (a) Earning capacity... capacity is considered to be restored. The disability annuity will terminate on the June 30 after the...

  12. 5 CFR 844.402 - Restoration of earning capacity.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Restoration of earning capacity. 844.402... Reinstatement of Disability Annuity § 844.402 Restoration of earning capacity. (a) Earning capacity... capacity is considered to be restored. The disability annuity will terminate on the June 30 after the...

  13. 5 CFR 844.402 - Restoration of earning capacity.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Restoration of earning capacity. 844.402... Reinstatement of Disability Annuity § 844.402 Restoration of earning capacity. (a) Earning capacity... capacity is considered to be restored. The disability annuity will terminate on the June 30 after the...

  14. 5 CFR 844.402 - Restoration of earning capacity.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Restoration of earning capacity. 844.402... Reinstatement of Disability Annuity § 844.402 Restoration of earning capacity. (a) Earning capacity... capacity is considered to be restored. The disability annuity will terminate on the June 30 after the...

  15. 26 CFR 1.535-3 - Accumulated earnings credit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 7 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Accumulated earnings credit. 1.535-3 Section 1... Accumulated earnings credit. (a) In general. As provided in section 535(a) and § 1.535-1, the accumulated earnings credit, provided by section 535(c), reduces taxable income in computing accumulated taxable...

  16. 26 CFR 1.535-3 - Accumulated earnings credit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 7 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Accumulated earnings credit. 1.535-3 Section 1... Accumulated earnings credit. (a) In general. As provided in section 535(a) and § 1.535-1, the accumulated earnings credit, provided by section 535(c), reduces taxable income in computing accumulated taxable...

  17. 26 CFR 1.535-3 - Accumulated earnings credit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 7 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Accumulated earnings credit. 1.535-3 Section 1... Accumulated earnings credit. (a) In general. As provided in section 535(a) and § 1.535-1, the accumulated earnings credit, provided by section 535(c), reduces taxable income in computing accumulated taxable...

  18. 26 CFR 1.535-3 - Accumulated earnings credit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 7 2011-04-01 2009-04-01 true Accumulated earnings credit. 1.535-3 Section 1... Accumulated earnings credit. (a) In general. As provided in section 535(a) and § 1.535-1, the accumulated earnings credit, provided by section 535(c), reduces taxable income in computing accumulated taxable...

  19. Electrical transmission line diametrical retainer

    DOEpatents

    Hall, David R.; Hall, Jr., H. Tracy; Pixton, David; Dahlgren, Scott; Sneddon, Cameron; Briscoe, Michael; Fox, Joe

    2004-12-14

    The invention is a mechanism for retaining an electrical transmission line. In one embodiment of the invention it is a system for retaining an electrical transmission line within down hole components. In accordance with one aspect of the invention, the system includes a plurality of downhole components, such as sections of pipe in a drill string. The system also includes a coaxial cable running between the first and second end of a drill pipe, the coaxial cable having a conductive tube and a conductive core within it. The invention allows the electrical transmission line to with stand the tension and compression of drill pipe during routine drilling cycles.

  20. Her earnings: Exploring variation in wives' earning contributions across six major Asian groups and Whites.

    PubMed

    Kulkarni, Veena S

    2015-07-01

    Previous research on understanding race-ethnic differentials in employment and economic contributions by married women has primarily focused on Blacks, Hispanics, or Whites. This study investigates variations in wives' earning contributions as measured by wives earnings as a proportion of total annual household earnings among six Asian groups, Asian Indian, Chinese, Filipino, Japanese, Korean, and Vietnamese relative to native born non-Hispanic White. I disaggregate the six Asian groups by their ethnicity and nativity status. Using pooled data from 2009-2011 American Community Survey, the findings show significance of human capital, hours of paid labor market engagement and nativity status. There is strong and negative association between husbands' human capital and labor supply with wives' earning contributions suggesting near universality of male-breadwinner status. Notwithstanding the commonalities, there is significant intergroup diversity. While foreign born and native born Filipina wives despite their spouses' reasonably high human capital and work hours, contribute one of the highest shares, the same cannot be said for the Asian Indians and Japanese. For foreign born Asian Indian and to some extent Japanese women, their high human capital is not translated to high earning contribution after controlling for husband's human capital. Further, nativity status impacts groups differentially. Native born Vietnamese wives contribute the greatest. Overall, the findings underscore the relevance of employing multiple conceptual frameworks in understanding earning contributions of foreign and native born Asian wives belonging to the six Asian groups, Asian Indian, Chinese, Filipino, Japanese, Korean, and Vietnamese.

  1. Plastic Clamp Retains Clevis Pin

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Cortes, R. G.

    1983-01-01

    Plastic clamp requires no special installation or removal tools. Clamp slips easily over end of pin. Once engaged in groove, holds pin securely. Installed and removed easily without special tools - screwdriver or putty knife adequate for prying out of groove. Used to retain bearings, rollers pulleys, other parts that rotate. Applications include slowly and intermittently rotating parts in appliances.

  2. Recruiting and Retaining Adult Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hadfield, Janice

    2003-01-01

    Adult learners, long the stepchildren of colleges and universities, have nearly become the norm, and they spend billions of dollars each year on education. This chapter takes a customer-oriented approach to recruiting and retaining adult students in higher education. (GCP)

  3. Program Evaluation: Accelerating Retained Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Juneau, Lisa

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this program evaluation was to evaluate the first year of an acceleration program that allowed students who were retained a grade level for not performing on academic level in early elementary school an opportunity to rejoin their age appropriate class. The primary focus of the evaluation was to evaluate the effectiveness of an…

  4. Recruiting and Retaining Summer Staff.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crossen, Brian; Yerkes, Rita

    1998-01-01

    Recruiting of camp staff is challenged by economic and workplace restructuring, including business downsizing, part-time and temporary employment patterns, and generational attitude changes. Strategies for hiring and retaining staff include knowing what college-age workers want, marketing benefits, adopting new business strategies, and empowering…

  5. Earnings Differences between Women and Men. Facts on Working Women No. 90-3.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Women's Bureau (DOL), Washington, DC.

    The earnings gap is the difference between the percentage ratio of women's earnings to those of men and 100 percent. In 1988, the earnings gap for hourly earnings was 26 percent; for weekly earnings, 30 percent; and for annual earnings, 34 percent. Although the direction over the past decade is toward greater equality, the pace is extremely slow.…

  6. The Equal Pay Act: The First 30 Years.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crampton, Suzanne M.; Hodge, John W.; Mishra, Jitendra M.

    1997-01-01

    Analysis by decade of the effects of the Equal Pay Act of 1963 shows that women's earnings relative to men's increased by 10 cents from 1960-1990. Black and Hispanic women's earnings lagged further behind. More education and experience did not help women narrow the gap. (SK)

  7. Incorporating Function Points into Earned Value Management

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-05-01

    Governed by ANSI/ EIA ‐748A • DoD required by DoD Instruction 5000.02 – Earned Value Management System (EVMS) in compliance with  guidelines in ANSI/ EIA ... 748 * is required on all cost or incentive  contracts equal to or greater than $20M            . – A formally validated and accepted EVMS is required...234‐7001. . – Earned Value Management System (Apr 2008), DFARS 252.234‐7002. www.level4ventures.com 5 From ANSI/ EIA ‐748A  • The principles of an EVMS

  8. Twitter sentiment around the Earnings Announcement events

    PubMed Central

    Grčar, Miha

    2017-01-01

    We investigate the relationship between social media, Twitter in particular, and stock market. We provide an in-depth analysis of the Twitter volume and sentiment about the 30 companies in the Dow Jones Industrial Average index, over a period of three years. We focus on Earnings Announcements and show that there is a considerable difference with respect to when the announcements are made: before the market opens or after the market closes. The two different timings of the Earnings Announcements were already investigated in the financial literature, but not yet in the social media. We analyze the differences in terms of the Twitter volumes, cumulative abnormal returns, trade returns, and earnings surprises. We report mixed results. On the one hand, we show that the Twitter sentiment (the collective opinion of the users) on the day of the announcement very well reflects the stock moves on the same day. We demonstrate this by applying the event study methodology, where the polarity of the Earnings Announcements is computed from the Twitter sentiment. Cumulative abnormal returns are high (2–4%) and statistically significant. On the other hand, we find only weak predictive power of the Twitter sentiment one day in advance. It turns out that it is important how to account for the announcements made after the market closes. These after-hours announcements draw high Twitter activity immediately, but volume and price changes in trading are observed only on the next day. On the day before the announcements, the Twitter volume is low, and the sentiment has very weak predictive power. A useful lesson learned is the importance of the proper alignment between the announcements, trading and Twitter data. PMID:28235103

  9. Twitter sentiment around the Earnings Announcement events.

    PubMed

    Gabrovšek, Peter; Aleksovski, Darko; Mozetič, Igor; Grčar, Miha

    2017-01-01

    We investigate the relationship between social media, Twitter in particular, and stock market. We provide an in-depth analysis of the Twitter volume and sentiment about the 30 companies in the Dow Jones Industrial Average index, over a period of three years. We focus on Earnings Announcements and show that there is a considerable difference with respect to when the announcements are made: before the market opens or after the market closes. The two different timings of the Earnings Announcements were already investigated in the financial literature, but not yet in the social media. We analyze the differences in terms of the Twitter volumes, cumulative abnormal returns, trade returns, and earnings surprises. We report mixed results. On the one hand, we show that the Twitter sentiment (the collective opinion of the users) on the day of the announcement very well reflects the stock moves on the same day. We demonstrate this by applying the event study methodology, where the polarity of the Earnings Announcements is computed from the Twitter sentiment. Cumulative abnormal returns are high (2-4%) and statistically significant. On the other hand, we find only weak predictive power of the Twitter sentiment one day in advance. It turns out that it is important how to account for the announcements made after the market closes. These after-hours announcements draw high Twitter activity immediately, but volume and price changes in trading are observed only on the next day. On the day before the announcements, the Twitter volume is low, and the sentiment has very weak predictive power. A useful lesson learned is the importance of the proper alignment between the announcements, trading and Twitter data.

  10. Earned Income Tax Credit Eligibility and Participation

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    to assist the working poor . The EIC is intended to offset the burden of the Social Security payroll tax on low - income workers and to encourage low ...The Earned Income Tax Credit (EIC), which is expected to provide over $30 billion in refundable credits in fiscal year 2002, is major federal effort... income individuals to work. The amounts of credit that taxpayers receive depend on the taxpayers’ incomes and the number of qualifying children they have

  11. How are health professionals earning their living in Malawi?

    PubMed Central

    Muula, Adamson S; Maseko, Fresier C

    2006-01-01

    Background The migration of health professionals from southern Africa to developed nations is negatively affecting the delivery of health care services in the source countries. Oftentimes however, it is the reasons for the out-migration that have been described in the literature. The work and domestic situations of those health professionals continuing to serve in their posts have not been adequately studied. Methods The present study utilized a qualitative data collection and analysis method. This was achieved through focus group discussions and in-depth interviews with health professionals and administrators to determine the challenges they face and the coping systems they resort to and the perceptions towards those coping methods. Results Health professionals identified the following as some of the challenges there faced: inequitable and poor remuneration, overwhelming responsibilities with limited resources, lack of a stimulating work environment, inadequate supervision, poor access to continued professionals training, limited career progression, lack of transparent recruitment and discriminatory remuneration. When asked what kept them still working in Malawi when the pressures to emigrate were there, the following were some of the ways the health professionals mentioned as useful for earning extra income to support their families: working in rural areas where life was perceived to be cheaper, working closer to home village so as to run farms, stealing drugs from health facilities, having more than one job, running small to medium scale businesses. Health professionals would also minimize expenditure by missing meals and walking to work. Conclusion Many health professionals in Malawi experience overly challenging environments. In order to survive some are involved in ethically and legally questionable activities such as receiving "gifts" from patients and pilfering drugs. The efforts by the Malawi government and the international community to retain health

  12. Modified spiral wound retaining ring

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lawson, A. G. (Inventor)

    1980-01-01

    A spiral wound retaining ring with angled ends is described. The ring is crimped at the same angle as the ring ends to maintain a constant thickness dimension. The angling of the ends of the ring and crimp allow the ends to be positioned closer together while maintaining enough clearance to enable insertion and removal of the ring. By reducing the separation distance between the ends a stronger ring results since the double layer area of the ring is maximized.

  13. Earned Value Management (EVM) Implementation Handbook

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this handbook is to provide Earned Value Management (EVM) guidance for the effective application, implementation, and utilization of EVM on NASA programs, projects, major contracts and subcontracts in a consolidated reference document. EVM is a project management process that effectively integrates a project s scope of work with schedule and cost elements for optimum project planning and control. The goal is to achieve timely and accurate quantification of progress that will facilitate management by exception and enable early visibility into the nature and the magnitude of technical problems as well as the intended course and success of corrective actions.

  14. Effortless way of bonding a lingual retainer.

    PubMed

    Pai, Vikram; Pai, Ramya; Revenkar, Ameet; Jasoria, Gaurav

    2013-01-01

    Post orthodontic treatment, retention is one of the most important step for prevention of relapse. Over the years many direct and indirect techniques for placing a bonded lingual retainer have been practiced clinically. Present clinical practice demands a much convenient and effortless technique for bonding a lingual retainer. This article describes a simplified technique of bonding a lingual retainer.

  15. 30 CFR 57.20010 - Retaining dams.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Retaining dams. 57.20010 Section 57.20010 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR METAL AND NONMETAL MINE....20010 Retaining dams. If failure of a water or silt retaining dam will create a hazard, it shall be...

  16. 30 CFR 57.20010 - Retaining dams.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Retaining dams. 57.20010 Section 57.20010 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR METAL AND NONMETAL MINE....20010 Retaining dams. If failure of a water or silt retaining dam will create a hazard, it shall be...

  17. 30 CFR 56.20010 - Retaining dams.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Retaining dams. 56.20010 Section 56.20010 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR METAL AND NONMETAL MINE... Retaining dams. If failure of a water or silt retaining dam will create a hazard, it shall be of...

  18. 30 CFR 56.20010 - Retaining dams.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Retaining dams. 56.20010 Section 56.20010 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR METAL AND NONMETAL MINE... Retaining dams. If failure of a water or silt retaining dam will create a hazard, it shall be of...

  19. 30 CFR 56.20010 - Retaining dams.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Retaining dams. 56.20010 Section 56.20010 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR METAL AND NONMETAL MINE... Retaining dams. If failure of a water or silt retaining dam will create a hazard, it shall be of...

  20. 30 CFR 57.20010 - Retaining dams.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Retaining dams. 57.20010 Section 57.20010 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR METAL AND NONMETAL MINE....20010 Retaining dams. If failure of a water or silt retaining dam will create a hazard, it shall be...

  1. 30 CFR 56.20010 - Retaining dams.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Retaining dams. 56.20010 Section 56.20010 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR METAL AND NONMETAL MINE... Retaining dams. If failure of a water or silt retaining dam will create a hazard, it shall be of...

  2. 30 CFR 57.20010 - Retaining dams.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Retaining dams. 57.20010 Section 57.20010 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR METAL AND NONMETAL MINE....20010 Retaining dams. If failure of a water or silt retaining dam will create a hazard, it shall be...

  3. 30 CFR 57.20010 - Retaining dams.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Retaining dams. 57.20010 Section 57.20010 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR METAL AND NONMETAL MINE....20010 Retaining dams. If failure of a water or silt retaining dam will create a hazard, it shall be...

  4. 30 CFR 56.20010 - Retaining dams.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Retaining dams. 56.20010 Section 56.20010 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR METAL AND NONMETAL MINE... Retaining dams. If failure of a water or silt retaining dam will create a hazard, it shall be of...

  5. 26 CFR 1.1502-33 - Earnings and profits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... profits to reflect S's earnings and profits for the period that S is a member of the consolidated group...-tier members and consolidating the group's earnings and profits in the common parent. References in... is not absorbed in Year 1, and is included in the group's consolidated net operating loss...

  6. 28 CFR 345.61 - Inmate earnings statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Inmate earnings statement. 345.61 Section 345.61 Judicial Administration FEDERAL PRISON INDUSTRIES, INC., DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE FEDERAL PRISON INDUSTRIES (FPI) INMATE WORK PROGRAMS Inmate Pay and Benefits § 345.61 Inmate earnings statement. Each...

  7. 28 CFR 345.61 - Inmate earnings statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Inmate earnings statement. 345.61 Section 345.61 Judicial Administration FEDERAL PRISON INDUSTRIES, INC., DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE FEDERAL PRISON INDUSTRIES (FPI) INMATE WORK PROGRAMS Inmate Pay and Benefits § 345.61 Inmate earnings statement. Each...

  8. 28 CFR 345.61 - Inmate earnings statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Inmate earnings statement. 345.61 Section 345.61 Judicial Administration FEDERAL PRISON INDUSTRIES, INC., DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE FEDERAL PRISON INDUSTRIES (FPI) INMATE WORK PROGRAMS Inmate Pay and Benefits § 345.61 Inmate earnings statement. Each...

  9. 28 CFR 345.61 - Inmate earnings statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Inmate earnings statement. 345.61 Section 345.61 Judicial Administration FEDERAL PRISON INDUSTRIES, INC., DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE FEDERAL PRISON INDUSTRIES (FPI) INMATE WORK PROGRAMS Inmate Pay and Benefits § 345.61 Inmate earnings statement. Each...

  10. 28 CFR 345.61 - Inmate earnings statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Inmate earnings statement. 345.61 Section 345.61 Judicial Administration FEDERAL PRISON INDUSTRIES, INC., DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE FEDERAL PRISON INDUSTRIES (FPI) INMATE WORK PROGRAMS Inmate Pay and Benefits § 345.61 Inmate earnings statement. Each...

  11. 26 CFR 1.563-1 - Accumulated earnings tax.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 7 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Accumulated earnings tax. 1.563-1 Section 1.563-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Deduction for Dividends Paid § 1.563-1 Accumulated earnings tax. In...

  12. 26 CFR 1.1502-43 - Consolidated accumulated earnings tax.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 12 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Consolidated accumulated earnings tax. 1.1502...) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Special Taxes and Taxpayers § 1.1502-43 Consolidated accumulated earnings tax. (a) Group subject to tax—(1) General rule. For a group filing a consolidated...

  13. 26 CFR 1.1502-43 - Consolidated accumulated earnings tax.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 12 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Consolidated accumulated earnings tax. 1.1502...) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Special Taxes and Taxpayers § 1.1502-43 Consolidated accumulated earnings tax. (a) Group subject to tax—(1) General rule. For a group filing a consolidated...

  14. 26 CFR 1.1502-33 - Earnings and profits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... profits decreases P's earnings and profits for Year 1 by $150. (Absorption of the loss in a later tax year... earnings and profits are reduced for taxes. Section 1552 does not reflect the absorption by one member of... to reflect the absorption by one member of the tax attributes of another member. Permissible...

  15. 20 CFR 702.285 - Report of earnings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... earnings from employment or self-employment. This report may not be required any more frequently than semi... employment and self-employment and the periods for which the earnings apply. The employee must return the..., salaries, tips, sales commissions, fees for services provided, piecework and all revenue received from...

  16. Unchanging Child Support Orders in the Face of Unstable Earnings

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ha, Yoonsook; Cancian, Maria; Meyer, Daniel R.

    2010-01-01

    The underlying theory behind child support guidelines implies that child support orders should change when the incomes of noncustodial parents change. This paper documents changes in noncustodial fathers' earnings over a five-year period and examines the relationship between the changes in earnings and modifications in child support orders. Using…

  17. Investigating MBA Degrees Earned by Women: A Decade of Change

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McConnell, Cheryl; Rush, Douglas; Gartland, Myles

    2016-01-01

    The authors examined master of business administration (MBA) degrees earned by women at U.S. higher education institutions at three specific years spanning a decade: 2003, 2008, and 2013 to determine whether there was a significant difference in the percentage of MBA degrees earned by women based on the independent variables of institutional type,…

  18. 26 CFR 1.56(g)-1 - Adjusted current earnings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 1 2011-04-01 2009-04-01 true Adjusted current earnings. 1.56(g)-1 Section 1.56(g)-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY INCOME TAX INCOME TAXES Regulations Applicable to Taxable Years Beginning in 1969 and Ending in 1970 § 1.56(g)-1 Adjusted current earnings. (a) Adjustment for...

  19. Integrating Earning College Credit in High School into Accountability Systems

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Achieve, Inc., 2015

    2015-01-01

    Earning college credit in high school matters to students and parents. Students who earn college credits by taking a college-level course while in high school are more likely to enter college and succeed. Through these experiences, students become familiar with college expectations, academic behaviors, and habits of mind; get a head start on…

  20. Lessons in Lifelong Learning: Earning a Bachelor's Degree in Retirement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Helterbran, Valeri R.

    2017-01-01

    Many older learners are choosing to return to school to meet varying learning needs; some are returning to satisfy a lifelong desire to earn a college degree. The purpose of this qualitative study was to examine the motivation and experiences of adults aged 65 years or older who earned a bachelor's degree in retirement and their perceptions…

  1. Opting Out and Buying Out: Wives' Earnings and Housework Time

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Killewald, Alexandra

    2011-01-01

    It has been proposed that the negative association between wives' earnings and their time in housework is due to greater outsourcing of household labor by households with high-earning wives, but this hypothesis has not been tested directly. In a sample of dual-earner married couples in the Consumption and Activities Mail Survey of the Health and…

  2. Black Women Workers' Earnings Progress in Three Industrial Sectors.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gwartney-Gibbs, Patricia A.; Taylor, Patricia A.

    1986-01-01

    An examination of data from 1960 and 1980 reveals the following: (1) black women's earnings increased during these decades; (2) gaps in earnings remain between women and men; and (3) black women received more equitable treatment in government than in industry. The comparable worth policy and more affirmative action are necessary. (VM)

  3. Handedness, Earnings, Ability and Personality. Evidence from the Lab.

    PubMed

    Sartarelli, Marcello

    2016-01-01

    Evidence showing that on average left-handed (L), who are 10% in a population, tend to earn less than others is solely based on survey data. This paper is the first to test the relationship between handedness and earnings experimentally and also to assess whether the mechanism underlying it is predominantly cognitive or psychological. Data on 432 undergraduate students show that L do not obtain significantly different payoffs, a proxy for earnings, in a stylised labour market with multiple principals and agents. Similarly, scores in the Cognitive Reflection Test are not significantly different. Data on personality, measured using the Big Five test, show, instead, that L are significantly more agreeable and L females more extroverted. In addition, earnings significantly vary with personality only for L, increasing with extraversion and decreasing with neuroticism. Overall, our results fail to reject the null hypothesis that earnings do not differ by handedness and suggest differences in personality as a novel mechanism to rationalise L's behaviour.

  4. Social Security Administration's Master Earnings File: background information.

    PubMed

    Olsen, Anya; Hudson, Russell

    2009-01-01

    The Social Security Administration (SSA) receives reports of earnings for the U.S. working population each year. Earnings data are used to administer the Social Security programs and to conduct research on the populations served by those programs. The administrative needs of SSA and other agencies have changed over time and, as a result, there have been numerous changes to the main source of SSA's earnings data, which is known as the Master Earnings File (MEF). By documenting the history, content, limitations, complexities, and uses of the MEF (and data files derived from the MEF), this article serves as a resource for researchers who use earnings data to study work patterns and their implications. It is also a resource for policymakers and administrators who must understand the data used in administering current-law programs and the data available to inform potential changes to those programs.

  5. Learning and Earnings: How College Matters in Earnings Gap between Hispanic Workers and Non-Hispanic White Workers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kim, Jongsung

    2002-01-01

    Used Current Population Survey Outgoing Rotation Group files to investigate the role of higher education in explaining the earnings gap between Hispanics and Whites. Found that human capital takes precedence over labor market discrimination in explaining the earnings gap. A policy implication is that equal compensation of Hispanic workers is as…

  6. 26 CFR 1.809-9 - Computation of the differential earnings rate and the recomputed differential earnings rate.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Computation of the differential earnings rate and the recomputed differential earnings rate. 1.809-9 Section 1.809-9 Internal Revenue INTERNAL... are effective for all taxable years beginning after December 31, 1986....

  7. Money Isn't Everything: Wives' Earnings and Housework Time.

    PubMed

    Killewald, Alexandra; Gough, Margaret

    2010-11-01

    The autonomy perspective of housework time predicts that wives' housework time falls steadily as their earnings rise, because wives use additional financial resources to outsource or forego time in housework. We argue, however, that wives' ability to reduce their housework varies by household task. That is, we expect that increases in wives' earnings will allow them to forego or outsource some tasks, but not others. As a result, we hypothesize more rapid declines in wives' housework time for low-earning wives as their earnings increase than for high-earning wives who have already stopped performing household tasks that are the easiest and cheapest to outsource or forego. Using fixed-effects models and data from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics, we find considerable support for our hypothesis. We further conclude that past evidence that wives who out-earn their husbands spend additional time in housework to compensate for their gender-deviant success in the labor market is due to the failure to account for the non-linear relationship between wives' absolute earnings and their housework time.

  8. Federal Aviation Administration retained savings program proposal

    SciTech Connect

    Hostick, D.J.; Larson, L.L.; Hostick, C.J.

    1998-03-01

    Federal legislation allows federal agencies to retain up to 50% of the savings associated with implementing energy efficiency and water conservation measures and practices. Given budget pressures to reduce expenditures, the use of retained savings to fund additional projects represents a source of funds outside of the traditional budget cycle. The Southwest Region Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has tasked Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) to develop a model retained savings program for Southwest Region FAA use and as a prototype for consideration by the FAA. PNNL recommends the following steps be taken in developing a Southwest Region FAA retained savings program: Establish a retained savings mechanism. Determine the level at which the retained savings should be consolidated into a fund. The preliminary recommendation is to establish a revolving efficiency loan fund at the regional level. Such a mechanism allows some consolidation of savings to fund larger projects, while maintaining a sense of facility ownership in that the funds will remain within the region.

  9. Activation and the Earnings of Reservists

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-01-01

    of a contingency S. 981 Reservists Pay Security Act Durbin Differential pay for federal employees serving in support of a contingency S. 989...Reservists Pay Security Act Durbin Differential pay for federal employees serving in support of a contingency S. 1142 (same as H.R. 838) HOPE at HOME Act...the improved estimator over the naive estimator. We noted earlier that this algebra has a simple intuitive expla- nation. We want to compare each

  10. The Post-Military Earnings of Female Veterans

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-09-01

    NPS-AS-93-019 2 NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL Monterey, California N,-• 1’, STIA TrS4 N4 - o7GAD3 jjw t, 1993 THE POST-MILITARY EARNINGS OF FEMALE ...FUNDING NUMBERS The Post-Military Earnings of Female Veterans 6. AUTHOR(S) N0002293WRRD008 Stephen L Mehay and Barry T. Hirsch 7. PERFORMING...that female veterans possess a higher level of measured earnings endowments than do nonveterans. Moreover, evidence from the reservist survey

  11. The effects on earnings of interregional and interindustry migration.

    PubMed

    Nakosteen, R A; Zimmer, M A

    1982-08-01

    "The purpose of this study is to examine a model of the decision to migrate between regions and/or industries and its effect on earnings. The study is based on a large set of individual microdata taken from the [U.S.] Social Security Administration's One Percent Continuous Work History Sample." The data are for 1971 and 1973. "Results of estimation provide strong support for the hypothesis of self-selection among region and industry migrants. Additional empirical evidence supports the notion of comparative advantage in migrant earnings, implying that earnings distributions of individuals who made a particular combination of migration decisions may differ from those of the population as a whole."

  12. Procedures to Help Program Offices with Earned Value Management

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    EPA’s Earned Value Management (EVM) Procedures describe the Agency methods for collecting and reporting performance information on major IT investments. The EVM Procedures explain how EPA Program Offices are to receive, organize, analyze, and report cost.

  13. Changing supply and earning patterns of the mental health workforce.

    PubMed

    Scheffler, R M; Ivey, S L; Garrett, A B

    1998-11-01

    The authors examine recent trends in the supply and earnings of various mental health providers from 1989 to 1995. The makeup of the mental health workforce is fundamentally different now than a decade ago. The number and earnings of psychiatrists have been relatively flat. The number of psychologists increased by 24%, with their earnings rising rapidly in the 1980s, and remaining level since 1990. The number of clinically trained social workers increased by 87% over the same period, and the number of advanced practice nurses certified in mental health specialties almost doubled, with the earnings of these master's-level providers increasing steadily over the period described. These trends are discussed in the context of major changes in the financing and delivery of mental health care.

  14. 25 CFR 20.308 - What does earned income include?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... SOCIAL SERVICES PROGRAMS Direct Assistance Determining Need and Income § 20.308 What does earned income... and entertainment expenses, personal transportation, capital equipment purchases, or principal payments on loans for capital assets or durable goods....

  15. 25 CFR 20.308 - What does earned income include?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... profit, from activities by an employee or self-employed individual. Earned income includes: (a) Any one... self-employment, total profit from a business enterprise (i.e., gross receipts less expenses...

  16. 25 CFR 20.308 - What does earned income include?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... profit, from activities by an employee or self-employed individual. Earned income includes: (a) Any one... self-employment, total profit from a business enterprise (i.e., gross receipts less expenses...

  17. 25 CFR 20.308 - What does earned income include?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... profit, from activities by an employee or self-employed individual. Earned income includes: (a) Any one... self-employment, total profit from a business enterprise (i.e., gross receipts less expenses...

  18. 25 CFR 20.308 - What does earned income include?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... profit, from activities by an employee or self-employed individual. Earned income includes: (a) Any one... self-employment, total profit from a business enterprise (i.e., gross receipts less expenses...

  19. Double Jeopardy? The Interaction of Gender and Race on Earnings in the United States

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Greenman, Emily; Xie, Yu

    2008-01-01

    There are sizeable earnings differentials by gender and race in the U.S. labor market, with women earning less than men and most racial/ethnic minority groups earning less than whites. It has been proposed in the previous literature that the effects of gender and race on earnings are additive, so that minority women suffer the full disadvantage of…

  20. 26 CFR 1.996-3 - Divisions of earnings and profits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 10 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Divisions of earnings and profits. 1.996-3... of earnings and profits. (a) In general. For purposes of sections 991 through 997, the earnings and... in paragraph (c) of this section), and (3) Other earnings and profits (as defined in paragraph (d)...

  1. 5 CFR 1645.3 - Calculation of total net earnings for each TSP Fund.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Calculation of total net earnings for... BOARD CALCULATION OF SHARE PRICES § 1645.3 Calculation of total net earnings for each TSP Fund. (a) Each business day, net earnings will be calculated separately for each TSP Fund. (b) Net earnings for each...

  2. 5 CFR 1645.3 - Calculation of total net earnings for each TSP Fund.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Calculation of total net earnings for... BOARD CALCULATION OF SHARE PRICES § 1645.3 Calculation of total net earnings for each TSP Fund. (a) Each business day, net earnings will be calculated separately for each TSP Fund. (b) Net earnings for each...

  3. 25 CFR 115.713 - When does money in a trust account start earning interest?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false When does money in a trust account start earning interest... and Interests § 115.713 When does money in a trust account start earning interest? Funds must remain on deposit at least one business day before interest is earned. Interest earnings of less than...

  4. 5 CFR 1645.3 - Calculation of total net earnings for each TSP Fund.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Calculation of total net earnings for... BOARD CALCULATION OF SHARE PRICES § 1645.3 Calculation of total net earnings for each TSP Fund. (a) Each business day, net earnings will be calculated separately for each TSP Fund. (b) Net earnings for each...

  5. 25 CFR 115.713 - When does money in a trust account start earning interest?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false When does money in a trust account start earning interest... and Interests § 115.713 When does money in a trust account start earning interest? Funds must remain on deposit at least one business day before interest is earned. Interest earnings of less than...

  6. 25 CFR 115.713 - When does money in a trust account start earning interest?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false When does money in a trust account start earning interest... and Interests § 115.713 When does money in a trust account start earning interest? Funds must remain on deposit at least one business day before interest is earned. Interest earnings of less than...

  7. 5 CFR 1645.3 - Calculation of total net earnings for each TSP Fund.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Calculation of total net earnings for... BOARD CALCULATION OF SHARE PRICES § 1645.3 Calculation of total net earnings for each TSP Fund. (a) Each business day, net earnings will be calculated separately for each TSP Fund. (b) Net earnings for each...

  8. 25 CFR 115.713 - When does money in a trust account start earning interest?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2012-04-01 2011-04-01 true When does money in a trust account start earning interest... and Interests § 115.713 When does money in a trust account start earning interest? Funds must remain on deposit at least one business day before interest is earned. Interest earnings of less than...

  9. 5 CFR 1645.3 - Calculation of total net earnings for each TSP Fund.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Calculation of total net earnings for... BOARD CALCULATION OF SHARE PRICES § 1645.3 Calculation of total net earnings for each TSP Fund. (a) Each business day, net earnings will be calculated separately for each TSP Fund. (b) Net earnings for each...

  10. 26 CFR 1.996-3 - Divisions of earnings and profits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 10 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Divisions of earnings and profits. 1.996-3... of earnings and profits. (a) In general. For purposes of sections 991 through 997, the earnings and... in paragraph (c) of this section), and (3) Other earnings and profits (as defined in paragraph (d)...

  11. 28 CFR 523.32 - How much DCEGT can I earn?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false How much DCEGT can I earn? 523.32 Section... How much DCEGT can I earn? (a) You can earn 5 days DCEGT for each month you were enrolled in a... program. (c) Enrollment in a designated program for any portion of a calendar month earns one full...

  12. The Wage Gap: Women's and Men's Earnings. Briefing Paper.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shaw, Lois; Gish, Melinda; Braunstein, Jill; Allore, Sara

    After remaining virtually unchanged from 1995 through the 1970s, the wage gap between women and men began to decline in the 1980s. By the early 1990s, the ratio of the annual earnings of women employed full time year-round to the annual earnings of their male counterparts reached 72.0%. That ratio decreased slightly (to 71.4%) in 1995. The wage…

  13. The flexible fairness: equality, earned entitlement, and self-interest.

    PubMed

    Feng, Chunliang; Luo, Yi; Gu, Ruolei; Broster, Lucas S; Shen, Xueyi; Tian, Tengxiang; Luo, Yue-Jia; Krueger, Frank

    2013-01-01

    The current study explored whether earned entitlement modulated the perception of fairness in three experiments. A preliminary resource earning task was added before players decided how to allocate the resource they jointly earned. Participants' decision in allocation, their responses to equal or unequal offers, whether advantageous or disadvantageous, and subjective ratings of fairness were all assessed in the current study. Behavioral results revealed that participants proposed more generous offers and showed enhanced tolerance to disadvantageous unequal offers from others when they performed worse than their presumed "partners," while the reverse was true in the better-performance condition. The subjective ratings also indicated the effect of earned entitlement, such that worse performance was associated with higher perceived feelings of fairness for disadvantageous unequal offers, while better performance was associated with higher feelings of fairness for advantageous unequal offers. Equal offers were considered "fair" only when earned entitlement was even between two parties. In sum, the perception of fairness is modulated by an integration of egalitarian motivation and entitlement. In addition to justice principles, participants were also motivated by self-interest, such that participants placed more weight on entitlement in the better-performance condition than in the worse-performance condition. These results imply that earned entitlement is evaluated in a self-serving way.

  14. A Comparison of Earned Value and Earned Schedule Duration Forecast Methods on Department of Defense Major Defense Acquisition Programs

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-09-01

    guidelines have been adopted by the American National Standards Institute/Electronic Industries Alliance (ANSI/ EIA - 748 EVMS) and are being used by both...than $50 million in then-year dollars follow the thirty-two management guidelines published in ANSI/ EIA - 748 EVMS, submit a monthly CPR, and a monthly...Department of Defense DoDI Department of Defense Instruction EIA Electronic Industries Alliance ES Earned Schedule EV Earned Value EVav Average

  15. 20 CFR 10.510 - When may a light duty job form the basis of a loss of wage-earning capacity determination?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2013-04-01 2012-04-01 true When may a light duty job form the basis of a loss of wage-earning capacity determination? 10.510 Section 10.510 Employees' Benefits OFFICE OF WORKERS' COMPENSATION PROGRAMS, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR FEDERAL EMPLOYEES' COMPENSATION ACT CLAIMS FOR COMPENSATION UNDER THE FEDERAL EMPLOYEES'...

  16. Inadvertent tooth movement with fixed lingual retainers.

    PubMed

    Shaughnessy, Timothy G; Proffit, William R; Samara, Said A

    2016-02-01

    Fixed retainers are effective in maintaining the alignment of the anterior teeth more than 90% of the time, but they can produce inadvertent tooth movement that in the most severe instances requires orthodontic retreatment managed with a periodontist. This is different from relapse into crowding when a fixed retainer is lost. These problems arise when the retainer breaks but remains bonded to some or all teeth, or when an intact retainer is distorted by function or was not passive when bonded. In both instances, torque of the affected teeth is the predominant outcome. A fixed retainer made with dead soft wire is the least likely to create torque problems but is the most likely to break. Highly flexible twist wires bonded to all the teeth appear to be the most likely to produce inadvertent tooth movement, but this also can occur with stiffer wires bonded only to the canines. Orthodontists, general dentists, and patients should be aware of possible problems with fixed retainers, especially those with all teeth bonded, because the patient might not notice partial debonding. Regular observations of patients wearing fixed retainers by orthodontists in the short term and family dentists in the long term are needed.

  17. Attracting and retaining nurses in HIV care.

    PubMed

    Puplampu, Gideon L; Olson, Karin; Ogilvie, Linda; Mayan, Maria

    2014-01-01

    Attracting and retaining nurses in HIV care is essential to treatment success, preventing the spread of HIV, slowing its progression, and improving the quality of life of people living with HIV. Despite the wealth of studies examining HIV care, few have focused on the factors that influenced nurses' choices to specialize in HIV care. We examined the factors that attracted and retained eight nurses currently working in HIV care in two large Canadian cities. Participants were primarily women between the ages of 20 and 60 years. Interviews were conducted between November 2010 and September 2011 using interpretive description, a qualitative design. Factors that influenced participants to focus their careers in HIV care included both attracting factors and retaining factors. Although more research is needed, this exploration of attracting and retaining factors may motivate others to specialize in HIV nursing, and thus help to promote adequate support for individuals suffering from the disease.

  18. Thermally Activated Retainers For Insertion In Gaps

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Grimaldi, Margaret E.; Hartz, Leslie S.

    1992-01-01

    Mechanical retainers of new type for use with gap filler easy to install and to attach themselves securely. Concept based on shape-memory properties of metal alloy Nitinol, alloy of nickel and titanium. Retainers conceived for use with Space Shuttle insulating tiles but used on other assemblies of blocks or tiles configured similarly. Tabs bent outward made flush by cooling below memory transition temperature. After insertion in gap and reheating, tabs spring outward.

  19. Handedness, Earnings, Ability and Personality. Evidence from the Lab

    PubMed Central

    2016-01-01

    Evidence showing that on average left-handed (L), who are 10% in a population, tend to earn less than others is solely based on survey data. This paper is the first to test the relationship between handedness and earnings experimentally and also to assess whether the mechanism underlying it is predominantly cognitive or psychological. Data on 432 undergraduate students show that L do not obtain significantly different payoffs, a proxy for earnings, in a stylised labour market with multiple principals and agents. Similarly, scores in the Cognitive Reflection Test are not significantly different. Data on personality, measured using the Big Five test, show, instead, that L are significantly more agreeable and L females more extroverted. In addition, earnings significantly vary with personality only for L, increasing with extraversion and decreasing with neuroticism. Overall, our results fail to reject the null hypothesis that earnings do not differ by handedness and suggest differences in personality as a novel mechanism to rationalise L’s behaviour. PMID:27788156

  20. Self-employment and earnings among immigrants in Australia.

    PubMed

    Le, A T

    1999-01-01

    Presented are analyses of earning determinants in foreign-born and Australian-born men in both self-employment and wage/salary employment. The 1991 Australian Census of Population and Housing statistics data were utilized in this study, which focused on the male population aged 15-64 years who has positive hourly income. Results showed marked differences in the relative earnings of immigrants in the two employment sectors. Particularly, immigrants earn more than the native-born in the wage/salary sector but earn less than the native-born in the self-employment sector. Some groups of immigrants were forced into self-employment because of their inadequate skills that limit their employment opportunities in the wage/salary sector. This study concluded that immigrants have a greater potential wage structure as compared to that of the Australian-born due to their high levels of motivation and effort related with the migration and adjustment process. Finally, the analyses demonstrated the possibility for significant improvement in the actual earning position of the foreign-born through the implementation of policies that would afford immigrants the same returns to their skills as the native-born.

  1. Marriage: Cause or Mere Indicator of Future Earnings Growth?

    PubMed Central

    Mincy, Ronald; Hill, Jennifer; Sinkewicz, Marilyn

    2010-01-01

    The hypothesis that marriage increases men's earnings has contributed to legislative support for the Healthy Marriage Initiative (HMI). However, previous studies of this phenomenon have not controlled for many relevant characteristics that select men into marriage, nor have they focused on low-income, unmarried fathers—the population targeted by HMI. We use the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study, which measures many previously unobserved confounders, to test for a relationship between marriage and earnings. We use a variety of analytic strategies to control for selection (including differencing and propensity scores) and find no evidence of an effect of transitions to marriage on the earnings of unmarried fathers that differs from zero, either for the full sample or subsamples defined by race–ethnic category and baseline cohabitation status. PMID:21359117

  2. 46 CFR 391.1 - Scope of section 607 of the Act and the regulations in this part.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... the Act in general provides for the nontaxability of certain deposits of money or other property into the fund out of earnings or gains realized from the operation of vessels covered in an agreement... indemnification for loss of agreement vessels, earnings from the investment or reinvestment of amounts held in...

  3. 46 CFR 391.1 - Scope of section 607 of the Act and the regulations in this part.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... the Act in general provides for the nontaxability of certain deposits of money or other property into the fund out of earnings or gains realized from the operation of vessels covered in an agreement... indemnification for loss of agreement vessels, earnings from the investment or reinvestment of amounts held in...

  4. Retained gas sampler interim safety assessment

    SciTech Connect

    Pasamehmetoglu, K.O.; Miller, W.O.; Unal, C.; Fujita, R.K.

    1995-01-13

    This safety assessment addresses the proposed action to install, operate, and remove a Retained Gas Sampler (RGS) in Tank 101-SY at Hanford. Purpose of the RGS is to help characterize the gas species retained in the tank waste; the information will be used to refine models that predict the gas-producing behavior of the waste tank. The RGS will take samples of the tank from top to bottom; these samples will be analyzed for gas constituents. The proposed action is required as part of an evaluation of mitigation concepts for eliminating episodic gas releases that result in high hydrogen concentrations in the tank dome space.

  5. Ammonia Results Review for Retained Gas Sampling

    SciTech Connect

    Mahoney, Lenna A.

    2000-09-20

    This report was prepared as part of a task supporting the deployment of the retained gas sampler (RGS) system in Flammable Gas Watch List Tanks. The emphasis of this report is on presenting supplemental information about the ammonia measurements resulting from retained gas sampling of Tanks 241-AW-101, A-101, AN-105, AN-104, AN-103, U-103, S-106, BY-101, BY-109, SX-106, AX-101, S-102, S-111, U-109, and SY-101. This information provides a better understanding of the accuracy of past RGS ammonia measurements, which will assist in determining flammable and toxicological hazards.

  6. When More Is Less. Sex Composition, Organizations, and Earnings in U.S. Firms.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Huffman, Matt L.; Velasco, Steven C.

    1997-01-01

    Data from the National Organizations Study corroborated prior research showing strong negative effects on earnings in female-dominated occupations. Neither government regulation, firm size, nor formalized job policies and structures mediated this earnings penalty. (SK)

  7. Retaining African Americans in Higher Education: Challenging Paradigms for Retaining Students, Faculty and Administrators.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones, Lee, Ed.

    This collection discusses some of the issues surrounding the retention of African Americans in higher education, and it challenges traditional paradigms for retaining African American students, administrators, and faculty at predominantly White colleges. The chapters of part 1, "Retaining African-American Students," are: (1) "Creating an Affirming…

  8. 26 CFR 1.1552-1 - Earnings and profits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... earnings and profits of each member of an affiliated group which is required to be included in a consolidated return for such group filed for a taxable year beginning after December 31, 1953, and ending after August 16, 1954, the tax liability of the group shall be allocated among the members of the group...

  9. 26 CFR 1.1502-43 - Consolidated accumulated earnings tax.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... earnings tax. (a) Group subject to tax—(1) General rule. For a group filing a consolidated return for the... taxable income (as defined in paragraph (b) of this section). This tax applies to any group that is formed... instead of dividing or distributing them. Section 531 and this section do not apply to a group that...

  10. 48 CFR 1852.234-2 - Earned Value Management System.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Management Systems (current version at the time of award) to manage this contract; and (2) Earned Value... guidelines, or the Contractor does not have an existing cost/schedule control system that is compliant with the guidelines in the ANSI/EIA-748 Standard (current version at the time of award), the...

  11. 76 FR 40280 - Major System Acquisition; Earned Value Management

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-08

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION 48 CFR Parts 1834 RIN 2700-AD29 Major System Acquisition; Earned Value Management AGENCY: National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: NASA...

  12. An Investigation into Managers' Language Use in Earnings Press Releases

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Riley, Tracey Jean

    2011-01-01

    For years, researchers have examined financial data in corporate earnings announcements and their influence on market participants. More recently, a body of research has been developing recognizing the impact of narrative disclosures and managers' deliberate language choices. However, no prior studies have investigated those language choices of…

  13. 76 FR 7526 - Major System Acquisition; Earned Value Management

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-10

    ... contained in this Part and in NASA Procedures and Guidelines (NPR) 7120.5, ``NASA Space Flight Program and... SPACE ADMINISTRATION 48 CFR Part 1834 RIN 2700-AD29 Major System Acquisition; Earned Value Management AGENCY: National Aeronautics and Space Administration. ACTION: Proposed rule with request for...

  14. 26 CFR 1.56(g)-1 - Adjusted current earnings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... distributions (including surrenders) are taxed in accordance with the principles of section 72(e), taking into... accordance with the principles of section 72(e), are not taxed because they represent recoveries of the...) is included in adjusted current earnings in accordance with the principles of section 72(e),...

  15. Helping Working Families: The Earned Income Tax Credit.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoffman, Saul D.; Seidman, Laurence S.

    The impact of the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) on working families was analyzed. The analysis established that the EITC is, on balance, a highly effective program that meets its primary objectives well. The following benefits of the EITC were identified: (1) it reduced the poverty rate in 1999 by an estimated 1.5 percentage points; (2) it is…

  16. The Effect on Earnings of School and College Investment Expenditures

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wachtel, Paul

    1976-01-01

    Analyzes the impact of expenditures per year of schooling on earnings, based on data from a longitudinal study of 1,633 male American World War II veterans. (Available from North-Holland Publishing Company, P.O. Box 211, Amsterdam, the Netherlands; $13.50 annually, plus $4.00 postage and handling) (JG)

  17. Employment Instability and Earnings of Mexican-Origin Men.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    De Anda, Roberto M.

    1998-01-01

    Draws on the 1987 Current Population Survey to examine the effect of employment instability on earnings of 1,755 Mexican-origin men. Results show unequivocally that Whites received higher returns to education than did Mexican Americans, and that employment instability exerted a heavier penalty on Mexican-origin workers than Whites. (Author/SAS)

  18. Schooling, Literacy and Individual Earnings. International Adult Literacy Survey.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Osberg, Lars

    This paper uses direct measures of literacy skill levels provided by the International Adult Literacy Survey to estimate the return to literacy skills. Using a very simple human capital earnings equation and standard ordinary least squares regression, it tested estimates of the return to literacy skills for their robustness to alternative scalings…

  19. The College Payoff: Education, Occupations, Lifetime Earnings. Executive Summary

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carnevale, Anthony P.; Rose, Stephen J.; Cheah, Ban

    2011-01-01

    Education and earnings interact in complex and often unexpected ways--but there are rules to the game. "The College Payoff," a new paper from the Georgetown University Center on Education and the Workforce, uses in-depth data analysis to identify, illuminate and elucidate those rules. This executive summary provides a glimpse of the education and…

  20. The U.S. Chemical Industry, the Money It Earns

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chemical and Engineering News, 1972

    1972-01-01

    This section of the annual report on the chemical industry presents data on industry earnings, sales, and spending related to: rates of return, stock prices, 50 largest chemical makers, ten-year record, funds, debt, capital spending, industry and company data. (PR)

  1. Some Determinants of the Variation in Earnings for College Men

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reed, Ritchie H.; Miller, Herman P.

    1970-01-01

    Using a multiple regression analysis with dummy variables, the factors which influence the earnings of college men were examined and found to be positively correlated to the rank of colleges where degrees were received. College quality, age, field of specialization, level of degree, and race were all significant factors. (BC)

  2. 47 CFR 65.702 - Measurement of interstate service earnings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Measurement of interstate service earnings. 65.702 Section 65.702 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) COMMON CARRIER SERVICES (CONTINUED) INTERSTATE RATE OF RETURN PRESCRIPTION PROCEDURES AND METHODOLOGIES Maximum...

  3. Explaining Gender Differences in Earnings in the Microenterprise Sector.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sanchez, Susana M.; Pagan, Jose A.

    Chapter 5 in "The Economics of Gender in Mexico," presents a study analyzed male-female differences in earnings in rural and urban microenterprises in Mexico. Data were gathered from surveys of 1,944 households in 54 rural communities and 11,461 microenterprise owners in 34 urban areas. Findings indicate that female-headed…

  4. Education and the Earnings of Poverty-Area Residents.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Danziger, Sheldon

    This paper employs data from the Census Employment Survey (CES) to analyze the effect of education on the earnings of poverty-area residents. Section I compares the definitions of the poverty area used by this survey with that of the Survey of Economic Opportunity (SEO). Section II examines their implications for truncation bias. In Section III,…

  5. How Money Matters: College, Motherhood, Earnings, and Wives' Housework

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Usdansky, Margaret L.; Parker, Wendy M.

    2011-01-01

    Using new data from the American Time Use Survey (ATUS), the authors consider how educational and parental status influence the relationship between wives' relative earnings and the time they devote to housework in a climate of heightened gender egalitarianism and growing similarity between women's and men's time use. The authors capitalize on the…

  6. Measuring the Earnings Returns to Lifelong Learning in the UK

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blanden, Jo; Buscha, Franz; Sturgis, Patrick; Urwin, Peter

    2012-01-01

    This paper examines the earnings returns to learning that takes place following the conventional "school-to-work" stage of the life-course. We operationalise such "lifelong learning" as the attainment of certified qualifications in adulthood, following the completion of the first period of continuous full-time education. Using…

  7. Rural Earnings Holding Steady in the Early 1990s.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Swaim, Paul

    1995-01-01

    Current Population Survey data indicate an overall decline in the rural-urban pay gap during the early 1990s (due to declining urban wages, not rising rural wages). In 1993, the earnings of 30 percent of rural full-time workers were below the poverty level. Compares low-income workers by gender, age group, education, and race/ethnicity. (LP)

  8. Gender and Racial Gaps in Earnings among Recent College Graduates

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zhang, Liang

    2008-01-01

    Using a nationally representative sample of baccalaureate graduates from 1993 (B&B 93/97/03), I explore factors that contribute to the gender and racial gap in earnings among recent college graduate. Results indicate that college major remains the most significant factor in accounting for the gender gap in pay. Female graduates are still left…

  9. 24 CFR 904.110 - Earned Home Payments Account (EHPA)

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... homebuyer may exercise his option to buy the home, by paying the applicable purchase price pursuant to § 904... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Earned Home Payments Account (EHPA... URBAN DEVELOPMENT LOW RENT HOUSING HOMEOWNERSHIP OPPORTUNITIES Turnkey III Program Description §...

  10. 24 CFR 904.110 - Earned Home Payments Account (EHPA)

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... homebuyer may exercise his option to buy the home, by paying the applicable purchase price pursuant to § 904... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Earned Home Payments Account (EHPA... URBAN DEVELOPMENT LOW RENT HOUSING HOMEOWNERSHIP OPPORTUNITIES Turnkey III Program Description §...

  11. 24 CFR 904.110 - Earned Home Payments Account (EHPA)

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... homebuyer may exercise his option to buy the home, by paying the applicable purchase price pursuant to § 904... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Earned Home Payments Account (EHPA... URBAN DEVELOPMENT LOW RENT HOUSING HOMEOWNERSHIP OPPORTUNITIES Turnkey III Program Description §...

  12. Do Sheepskin Effects Help Explain Racial Earnings Differences?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bitzan, John D.

    2009-01-01

    This study examines the role of sheepskin effects in explaining white-black earnings differences. The study finds significant differences in sheepskin effects between white men and black men, with white men receiving higher rewards for lower level signals (degrees of a college education or less) and black men receiving higher rewards for higher…

  13. Can "Some College" Help Reduce Future Earnings Inequality?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gitterman, Daniel P.; Moulton, Jeremy G.; Bono-Lunn, Dillan; Chrisco, Laura

    2015-01-01

    This article addresses the policy debate over "college for all" versus "college for some" in the United States and analyzes the relationship between "some college" (as a formal education attainment category) and earnings. Our evidence confirms--using data from the American Community Survey (ACS), the Panel Study on…

  14. ATRF Earns Three Green Globes, Exceeds NIH Building Standards | Poster

    Cancer.gov

    By Ashley DeVine, Staff Writer From project management and energy and water efficiency to emissions and the indoor environment, the Advanced Technology Research Facility (ATRF) was built with sustainability in mind, exceeding the National Institutes of Health’s (NIH’s) building standards and earning three Green Globes from the Green Building Initiative (GBI).

  15. 48 CFR 1852.234-2 - Earned Value Management System.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... Institute (ANSI)/Electronic Industries Alliance (EIA)—748 Standard, Industry Guidelines for Earned Value... the guidelines in the ANSI/EIA-748 Standard (current version at the time of award), the Contractor.../schedule control system that is compliant with the guidelines in the ANSI/EIA-748 Standard (current...

  16. 48 CFR 1852.234-2 - Earned Value Management System.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... Institute (ANSI)/Electronic Industries Alliance (EIA)—748 Standard, Industry Guidelines for Earned Value... the guidelines in the ANSI/EIA-748 Standard (current version at the time of award), the Contractor.../schedule control system that is compliant with the guidelines in the ANSI/EIA-748 Standard (current...

  17. 48 CFR 1852.234-2 - Earned Value Management System.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... Institute (ANSI)/Electronic Industries Alliance (EIA)—748 Standard, Industry Guidelines for Earned Value... the guidelines in the ANSI/EIA-748 Standard (current version at the time of award), the Contractor.../schedule control system that is compliant with the guidelines in the ANSI/EIA-748 Standard (current...

  18. 48 CFR 1852.234-2 - Earned Value Management System.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... Institute (ANSI)/Electronic Industries Alliance (EIA)—748 Standard, Industry Guidelines for Earned Value... the guidelines in the ANSI/EIA-748 Standard (current version at the time of award), the Contractor.../schedule control system that is compliant with the guidelines in the ANSI/EIA-748 Standard (current...

  19. Education and Earnings Inequality in Mexico. Policy Research Working Papers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lachler, Ulrich

    Educational attainment levels increased dramatically for Mexico's labor force in the 1980s and early 1990s. In parallel, the country experienced a pronounced increase in earnings inequality from 1984 to 1994, reflected in a higher dispersion of wages and an absolute decline in the real incomes of less educated, poorer Mexicans. This situation…

  20. Psychology Baccalaureates at Work: Major Area Subspecializations, Earnings, and Occupations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rajecki, D. W.

    2012-01-01

    A Census Bureau national survey identified baccalaureates aged up to 64 years having major area subspecializations labeled "psychology," "industrial/organizational (I/O) psychology," and "counseling psychology." Median 2009 earnings of all such types of baccalaureate psychology alumni were well below the distribution mean of the 153 fields in the…

  1. Earnings among Young and Mature Danish University Graduates

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Klausen, Trond Beldo

    2016-01-01

    This paper studies the association between graduation age and earnings among university graduates in Denmark, which is a country with one of the oldest student populations in the world. Exploiting a rich data-set from administrative registers, the current study is able to track labour market career for a longer period of time and to control for…

  2. The Motherhood Earnings Dip: Evidence from Administrative Records

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fernandez-Kranz, Daniel; Lacuesta, Aitor; Rodriguez-Planas, Nuria

    2013-01-01

    Using Spanish Social Security records, we document the channels through which mothers fall onto a lower earnings track, such as shifting into part- time work, accumulating lower experience, or transitioning to lower-paying jobs, and are able to explain 71 percent of the unconditional individual fixed- effects motherhood wage gap. The earnings…

  3. The Marriage Earnings Premium as a Distributed Fixed Effect

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dougherty, Christopher

    2006-01-01

    Wage equations using cross-sectional data typically find an earnings premium in excess of 10 percent for married men. One leading hypothesis for the premium is that marriage facilitates specialization that enables married men to become more productive than single men. Another is that the premium is attributable to an unobserved fixed effect,…

  4. Panel Estimates of Male-Female Earnings Functions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kim, Moon-Kak; Polachek, Solomon W.

    1994-01-01

    Application of single and simultaneous equation fixed-effects and random-effects shows that earnings appreciation with experience and depreciation with labor market interruptions are comparable for men and women. Adjusting for heterogeneity reduces the wage gap to 20%; adjusting for endogeneity reduces it nearly to zero. (SK)

  5. Educators' Degrees Earned on Internet Raise Fraud Issues

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Trotter, Andrew

    2004-01-01

    This article discusses how the degrees earned by a dozen educators on the Internet have raised fraud issues. Small firms known as "credential evaluators" help states and school districts detect educators who present phony or flimsy academic credentials from overseas institutions--a safeguard that is becoming more important with the…

  6. The Gender Gap in Yearly Earnings: Can Vocational Education Help?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gray, Kenneth

    1993-01-01

    Recent research conducted by K. Gray and N. Huang (1993) provided new insights into the gender gap in yearly earnings. These researchers tested Terrell's (1992) hypothesis that the issue now is not equal educational opportunity, but inequality in the distribution of women among all occupations. The study examined the variables that affected the…

  7. Job Search Methods: Consequences for Gender-based Earnings Inequality.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Huffman, Matt L.; Torres, Lisa

    2001-01-01

    Data from adults in Atlanta, Boston, and Los Angeles (n=1,942) who searched for work using formal (ads, agencies) or informal (networks) methods indicated that type of method used did not contribute to the gender gap in earnings. Results do not support formal job search as a way to reduce gender inequality. (Contains 55 references.) (SK)

  8. A simple technique for bonding lingual retainer.

    PubMed

    Hattarki, Rohan S; Rastogi, Shikha

    2015-01-01

    The present article describes an easy method to place a bonded lingual retainer. This technique is also helpful in limiting the flow of the acid etchant used for etching and also limiting the flow of the adhesive on to the lingual surfaces of the teeth.

  9. Retaining an Ethnically Diverse Teaching Force.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Montemayor, Aurelio M.

    1991-01-01

    Discusses problems in attracting and retaining qualified minority group teachers. Some reasons minority teachers leave school districts are lack of an induction process, isolation from other faculty members, economics, and diminishing prestige of teaching. Recommendations involving universities, public schools, state legislators and agencies,…

  10. Retained Gas Sampler Calibration and Simulant Tests

    SciTech Connect

    CRAWFORD, B.A.

    2000-01-05

    This test plan provides a method for calibration of the retained gas sampler (RGS) for ammonia gas analysis. Simulant solutions of ammonium hydroxide at known concentrations will be diluted with isotopically labeled 0.04 M ammonium hydroxide solution. Sea sand solids will also be mixed with ammonium hydroxide solution and diluent to determine the accuracy of the system for ammonia gas analysis.

  11. Retaining Excellent Teachers through Effective Leadership

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Le, Connie

    2013-01-01

    School districts continue to face challenges in retaining talented teachers in their schools. There are many factors that contribute to teacher retention, including working conditions, a lack of leadership support, and poor leadership behavior. In a southeastern U.S. state, local school officials were seeking strategies to provide an excellent…

  12. Placemaking: Attracting and Retaining Today's Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Knight, Brent

    2016-01-01

    Research suggests that the appearance of a college campus--both inside and out--is a significant criterion in college selection. As community colleges are finding it increasingly important to attract and retain students, placemaking is becoming an effective and efficient platform to support recruitment and retention. Placemaking is imagining and…

  13. Stragegies for Attracting and Retaining Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bland, Paul; Church, Edwin; Luo, Mingchu

    2014-01-01

    Attracting and retaining high quality teachers is a challenge for many school districts. This is especially true in a time of increased accountability and limited resources. This report details best practice in the training, hiring, improvement, and retention of high quality teaching staff. The authors explain how school leaders can attract…

  14. Recruiting and Retaining Rural Community College Faculty

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Murray, John P.

    2007-01-01

    Much is being written about a potential shortage of qualified community college faculty. Rural community colleges may be at the greatest disadvantage in attracting and retaining new faculty because they cannot offer the financial, cultural, and social advantages that more urban institutions can. This chapter describes the factors rural community…

  15. Subarachnoid hemorrhage due to retained lumbar drain.

    PubMed

    Guppy, Kern H; Silverthorn, James W; Akins, Paul T

    2011-12-01

    Intrathecal spinal catheters (lumbar drains) are indicated for several medical and surgical conditions. In neurosurgical procedures, they are used to reduce intracranial and intrathecal pressures by diverting CSF. They have also been placed for therapeutic access to administer drugs, and more recently, vascular surgeons have used them to improve spinal cord perfusion during the treatment of thoracic aortic aneurysms. Insertion of these lumbar drains is not without attendant complications. One complication is the shearing of the distal end of the catheter with a resultant retained fragment. The authors report the case of a 65-year-old man who presented with a subarachnoid hemorrhage due to the migration of a retained lumbar drain that sheared off during its removal. To the best of the authors' knowledge, this is the first case of rostral migration of a retained intrathecal catheter causing subarachnoid hemorrhage. The authors review the literature on retained intrathecal spinal catheters, and their findings support either early removal of easily accessible catheters or close monitoring with serial imaging.

  16. Do Economists Make Better Lawyers? Undergraduate Degree Field and Lawyer Earnings.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Craft, R. Kim; Baker, Joe G.

    2003-01-01

    Examines the effects of preprofessional education on the earnings of lawyers using nationally representative data. Finds that lawyers with undergraduate degrees in economics earn more that other lawyers. States that economics is the only undergraduate field associated with earnings that differ significantly. (JEH)

  17. 76 FR 56879 - Open Meeting of the Taxpayer Advocacy Panel Earned Income Tax Credit Project Committee

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-14

    ... Internal Revenue Service Open Meeting of the Taxpayer Advocacy Panel Earned Income Tax Credit Project... meeting of the Taxpayer Advocacy Panel Earned Income Tax Credit Project Committee will be conducted. The....C. App. (1988) that an open meeting of the Taxpayer Advocacy Panel Earned Income Tax Credit...

  18. 75 FR 25316 - Open Meeting of the Taxpayer Advocacy Panel Earned Income Tax Credit Project Committee

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-07

    ... Internal Revenue Service Open Meeting of the Taxpayer Advocacy Panel Earned Income Tax Credit Project... meeting of the Taxpayer Advocacy Panel Earned Income Tax Credit Project Committee will be conducted. The...) that an open meeting of the Taxpayer Advocacy Panel Earned Income Tax Credit Project Committee will...

  19. 20 CFR 404.211 - Computing your average indexed monthly earnings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... earnings. (a) General. In this method, your social security earnings after 1950 are indexed, as described... earnings. 404.211 Section 404.211 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION FEDERAL OLD-AGE, SURVIVORS AND DISABILITY INSURANCE (1950- ) Computing Primary Insurance Amounts...

  20. Labor Market Experiences after Postsecondary Education: Earnings and Other Outcomes of Florida's Postsecondary Graduates and Completers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schneider, Mark

    2015-01-01

    This report results from a partnership between the State of Florida and College Measures. It focuses on the median first-year earnings of recent graduates and completers from Florida's public postsecondary educational institutions: SUS, FCS, and DTCs. The report documents the variation in first-year earnings for completers who earned degrees or…

  1. Do Survey Data Estimate Earnings Inequality Correctly? Measurement Errors among Black and White Male Workers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kim, ChangHwan; Tamborini, Christopher R.

    2012-01-01

    Few studies have considered how earnings inequality estimates may be affected by measurement error in self-reported earnings in surveys. Utilizing restricted-use data that links workers in the Survey of Income and Program Participation with their W-2 earnings records, we examine the effect of measurement error on estimates of racial earnings…

  2. The Dynamics and Inequality of Italian Men's Earnings: Long-Term Changes or Transitory Fluctuations?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cappellari, Lorenzo

    2004-01-01

    This paper provides a longitudinal perspective on changes in Italian men's earnings inequality since the late 1970s by decomposing the earnings autocovariance structure into its long-term and transitory parts. Cross-sectional earnings differentials grew over the period and the longitudinal analysis shows that such growth was determined by the…

  3. The Potential for Personal Development and Transformational Outcomes in Women Earning Online Degrees

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weatherly, Gail; Egan, Toby

    2007-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to review the personal development and transformation of women earning an online degree and to what extent their goals were met through earning the degree. Eighteen adult women who earned a fully online master's degree at least one year ago from a university affiliated with the Southern Regional Education Board were…

  4. Autonomy, Dependence, or Display? The Relationship between Married Women's Earnings and Housework

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gupta, Sanjiv

    2007-01-01

    I argue that both the dominant models of the relationship between earnings and housework, economic dependence and gender display, have fundamental defects. They focus on the effect of women's earnings compared to their husbands' on their housework and ignore the possibility of an independent relationship between women's own earnings and their time…

  5. 26 CFR 2.1-16 - Tax liability as to earnings deposited.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 14 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Tax liability as to earnings deposited. 2.1-16... TAX (CONTINUED) MARITIME CONSTRUCTION RESERVE FUND § 2.1-16 Tax liability as to earnings deposited. Deposit in the construction reserve fund of earnings from the operation of a vessel or vessels,...

  6. 26 CFR 1.381(c)(2)-1 - Earnings and profits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... of other property or money, then the accumulated earnings and profits of the transferor corporation... 26 Internal Revenue 4 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Earnings and profits. 1.381(c)(2)-1 Section 1... TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (Continued) Insolvency Reorganizations § 1.381(c)(2)-1 Earnings...

  7. 26 CFR 2.1-16 - Tax liability as to earnings deposited.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 14 2014-04-01 2013-04-01 true Tax liability as to earnings deposited. 2.1-16... TAX (CONTINUED) MARITIME CONSTRUCTION RESERVE FUND § 2.1-16 Tax liability as to earnings deposited. Deposit in the construction reserve fund of earnings from the operation of a vessel or vessels,...

  8. 26 CFR 2.1-16 - Tax liability as to earnings deposited.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 14 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Tax liability as to earnings deposited. 2.1-16... TAX (CONTINUED) MARITIME CONSTRUCTION RESERVE FUND § 2.1-16 Tax liability as to earnings deposited. Deposit in the construction reserve fund of earnings from the operation of a vessel or vessels,...

  9. 26 CFR 1.381(c)(2)-1 - Earnings and profits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... of other property or money, then the accumulated earnings and profits of the transferor corporation... 26 Internal Revenue 4 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Earnings and profits. 1.381(c)(2)-1 Section 1... TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Insolvency Reorganizations § 1.381(c)(2)-1 Earnings...

  10. 46 CFR 287.16 - Tax liability as to earnings deposited.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Tax liability as to earnings deposited. 287.16 Section... VESSELS AND OPERATORS ESTABLISHMENT OF CONSTRUCTION RESERVE FUNDS § 287.16 Tax liability as to earnings deposited. Deposit in the construction reserve fund of earnings from the operation of a vessel or...

  11. 26 CFR 1.312-1 - Adjustment to earnings and profits reflecting distributions by corporations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 4 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Adjustment to earnings and profits reflecting....312-1 Adjustment to earnings and profits reflecting distributions by corporations. (a) In general, on the distribution of property by a corporation with respect to its stock, its earnings, and profits...

  12. 26 CFR 1.964-2 - Treatment of blocked earnings and profits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 10 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Treatment of blocked earnings and profits. 1... earnings and profits. (a) General rule. If, in accordance with paragraph (d) of this section, it is established to the satisfaction of the district director that any amount of the earnings and profits of...

  13. 46 CFR 287.16 - Tax liability as to earnings deposited.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Tax liability as to earnings deposited. 287.16 Section... VESSELS AND OPERATORS ESTABLISHMENT OF CONSTRUCTION RESERVE FUNDS § 287.16 Tax liability as to earnings deposited. Deposit in the construction reserve fund of earnings from the operation of a vessel or...

  14. 26 CFR 1.312-1 - Adjustment to earnings and profits reflecting distributions by corporations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 4 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Adjustment to earnings and profits reflecting... Adjustment to earnings and profits reflecting distributions by corporations. (a) In general, on the distribution of property by a corporation with respect to its stock, its earnings, and profits (to the...

  15. 26 CFR 1.964-2 - Treatment of blocked earnings and profits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 10 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Treatment of blocked earnings and profits. 1... blocked earnings and profits. (a) General rule. If, in accordance with paragraph (d) of this section, it is established to the satisfaction of the district director that any amount of the earnings...

  16. 26 CFR 1.964-2 - Treatment of blocked earnings and profits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 10 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Treatment of blocked earnings and profits. 1... blocked earnings and profits. (a) General rule. If, in accordance with paragraph (d) of this section, it is established to the satisfaction of the district director that any amount of the earnings...

  17. 46 CFR 287.16 - Tax liability as to earnings deposited.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Tax liability as to earnings deposited. 287.16 Section... VESSELS AND OPERATORS ESTABLISHMENT OF CONSTRUCTION RESERVE FUNDS § 287.16 Tax liability as to earnings deposited. Deposit in the construction reserve fund of earnings from the operation of a vessel or...

  18. 26 CFR 1.312-1 - Adjustment to earnings and profits reflecting distributions by corporations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 4 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Adjustment to earnings and profits reflecting....312-1 Adjustment to earnings and profits reflecting distributions by corporations. (a) In general, on the distribution of property by a corporation with respect to its stock, its earnings, and profits...

  19. 26 CFR 1.312-1 - Adjustment to earnings and profits reflecting distributions by corporations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 4 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Adjustment to earnings and profits reflecting....312-1 Adjustment to earnings and profits reflecting distributions by corporations. (a) In general, on the distribution of property by a corporation with respect to its stock, its earnings, and profits...

  20. 26 CFR 1.381(c)(2)-1 - Earnings and profits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... of other property or money, then the accumulated earnings and profits of the transferor corporation... 26 Internal Revenue 4 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Earnings and profits. 1.381(c)(2)-1 Section 1... TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Insolvency Reorganizations § 1.381(c)(2)-1 Earnings...

  1. 26 CFR 2.1-16 - Tax liability as to earnings deposited.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 14 2011-04-01 2010-04-01 true Tax liability as to earnings deposited. 2.1-16... TAX (CONTINUED) MARITIME CONSTRUCTION RESERVE FUND § 2.1-16 Tax liability as to earnings deposited. Deposit in the construction reserve fund of earnings from the operation of a vessel or vessels,...

  2. 26 CFR 1.381(c)(2)-1 - Earnings and profits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... of other property or money, then the accumulated earnings and profits of the transferor corporation... 26 Internal Revenue 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Earnings and profits. 1.381(c)(2)-1 Section 1... TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES Insolvency Reorganizations § 1.381(c)(2)-1 Earnings and profits. (a)...

  3. 26 CFR 1.964-2 - Treatment of blocked earnings and profits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 10 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Treatment of blocked earnings and profits. 1... blocked earnings and profits. (a) General rule. If, in accordance with paragraph (d) of this section, it is established to the satisfaction of the district director that any amount of the earnings...

  4. 26 CFR 1.381(c)(2)-1 - Earnings and profits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... of other property or money, then the accumulated earnings and profits of the transferor corporation... 26 Internal Revenue 4 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Earnings and profits. 1.381(c)(2)-1 Section 1... TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES Insolvency Reorganizations § 1.381(c)(2)-1 Earnings and profits. (a)...

  5. Growth in Service Sector Employment and MSA Gender Earnings Inequality: 1970-1980.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lorence, Jon

    1991-01-01

    Panel analyses of 1970 and 1980 census data from the 124 largest metropolitan areas support the "deindustrialization thesis" in that service sector growth is economically detrimental to both sexes. However, men's earnings deteriorate at a faster rate than women's earnings, reducing the gender earnings gap. Contains 60 references.…

  6. 5 CFR 839.1003 - How will OPM compute the amount of lost earnings?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false How will OPM compute the amount of lost... § 839.1003 How will OPM compute the amount of lost earnings? (a) Lost earnings will generally be computed in accordance with the Board's lost earnings regulations (5 CFR 1606 of chapter VI). However,...

  7. 20 CFR 404.452 - Reports to Social Security Administration of earnings; wages; net earnings from self-employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Reports to Social Security Administration of...; and Nonpayments of Benefits § 404.452 Reports to Social Security Administration of earnings; wages...) Information required. If you are the beneficiary, your report should show your name, address, Social...

  8. 20 CFR 404.452 - Reports to Social Security Administration of earnings; wages; net earnings from self-employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Reports to Social Security Administration of...; and Nonpayments of Benefits § 404.452 Reports to Social Security Administration of earnings; wages...) Information required. If you are the beneficiary, your report should show your name, address, Social...

  9. 20 CFR 404.452 - Reports to Social Security Administration of earnings; wages; net earnings from self-employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Reports to Social Security Administration of...; and Nonpayments of Benefits § 404.452 Reports to Social Security Administration of earnings; wages...) Information required. If you are the beneficiary, your report should show your name, address, Social...

  10. 20 CFR 404.452 - Reports to Social Security Administration of earnings; wages; net earnings from self-employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Reports to Social Security Administration of...; and Nonpayments of Benefits § 404.452 Reports to Social Security Administration of earnings; wages...) Information required. If you are the beneficiary, your report should show your name, address, Social...

  11. 20 CFR 404.452 - Reports to Social Security Administration of earnings; wages; net earnings from self-employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Reports to Social Security Administration of...; and Nonpayments of Benefits § 404.452 Reports to Social Security Administration of earnings; wages...) Information required. If you are the beneficiary, your report should show your name, address, Social...

  12. 26 CFR 1.809-9 - Computation of the differential earnings rate and the recomputed differential earnings rate.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... the amount equal to the product of— (i) The life insurance company's average equity base for the... earning rate for the calendar year in which the taxable year begins. (c) Effective date. The regulations are effective for all taxable years beginning after December 31, 1986....

  13. 26 CFR 1.809-9 - Computation of the differential earnings rate and the recomputed differential earnings rate.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... the amount equal to the product of— (i) The life insurance company's average equity base for the... earning rate for the calendar year in which the taxable year begins. (c) Effective date. The regulations are effective for all taxable years beginning after December 31, 1986....

  14. 3 CFR 8546 - Proclamation 8546 of August 13, 2010. 75th Anniversary of the Social Security Act

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... dependents. After a lifetime of contributions to our Nation and its economy, Americans have earned this support. The new health care law, the Affordable Care Act, helps sustain this commitment and improves...

  15. Attracting and retaining nurses in primary care.

    PubMed

    Drennan, Vari; Andrews, Sarah; Sidhu, Rajinder; Peacock, Richard

    2006-06-01

    There is increasing demand for nurses to work in primary care. This is driven in part by the need to retain current levels but also by the modernisation plans for primary care services, which require new roles for nurses, new ways of working and more nurses in primary care settings. While campaigns for increased recruitment of hospital nurses and doctors has been largely successful in recent years, primary care has still to see the impact. This article reports on a Department of Health (England) funded project that aimed to identify strategies and exemplars to assist primary care trusts (PCTs) and the workforce development confederations (WDCs) in strategic health authorities in attracting and retaining nurses to primary care at registered nurse level. It reports on the range of initiatives identified, the perceived benefits and challenges. It concludes by proposing a strategic model for planning for the recruitment and retention of primary care nurses.

  16. Recruiting and Retaining Teachers in a Rural School District: A Phenomenological Study of Rural Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Taylor, Laura U.

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this qualitative, phenomenological research study was to explore the effectiveness of programs and strategies used to recruit and retain highly qualified teachers in accordance with the No Child Left Behind Act (2001) from the perspective of highly qualified teachers in a rural school district in Central Virginia. The data…

  17. Retaining nursing faculty beyond retirement age.

    PubMed

    Williamson, Marvel L; Cook, Linda; Salmeron, Lois; Burton, Denise

    2010-01-01

    The number of nursing faculty planning to retire by 2020 is alarming. To develop strategies for retaining faculty, researchers asked: What factors influence the decision by nursing faculty to stay in the workforce past retirement age? What barriers could be removed that would encourage faculty to stay longer? Using Giorgi's analysis method, findings from 6 faculty teaching past retirement age revealed key meaning units and grand themes that match Maslow's Hierarchy of Inborn Needs.

  18. Retention--retainers may be forever.

    PubMed

    Parker, W S

    1989-06-01

    The very word "retain" means "to hold back or hold secure." From the earliest days of orthodontic tooth movement, many schemes have been proposed to ensure posttreatment stability. The very best research indicates that no solution has been found. A posttreatment routine is recommended. It is suggested that each patient be advised to follow this and further warned that the dental profession does not have any reliable method to predict future dental stability with or without orthodontic treatment.

  19. The influence of enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems' performance on earnings management

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tsai, Wen-Hsien; Lee, Kuen-Chang; Liu, Jau-Yang; Lin, Sin-Jin; Chou, Yu-Wei

    2012-11-01

    We analyse whether there is a linkage between performance measures of enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems and earnings management. We find that earnings management decreases with the higher performance of ERP systems. The empirical result is as expected. We further analyse how the dimension of the DeLone and McLean model of information systems success affects earnings management. We find that the relationship between the performance of ERP systems and earnings management depends on System Quality after ERP implementation. The more System Quality improves, the more earnings management is reduced.

  20. Political economy of family life: couple's earnings, welfare regime and union dissolution.

    PubMed

    Kaplan, Amit; Stier, Haya

    2017-01-01

    This study examines how institutional settings moderate the relation of couples' relative and absolute earnings to the likelihood of union dissolution. Based on ECHP data, it covers 12 countries in four welfare regimes. The relationship between a couple's economic dependence and the likelihood of union dissolution were found to differ across regimes. With regard to relative earnings, equality in earnings lowered the risk of separation only in regimes characterized by a high degree of defamilialization, through either the state or the market. As for absolute earnings, women's and men's earnings were significantly related to the risk of union dissolution only in regimes where state defamilialization is low.

  1. Increasing trend in retained rectal foreign bodies

    PubMed Central

    Ayantunde, Abraham A; Unluer, Zynep

    2016-01-01

    AIM To highlight the rising trend in hospital presentation of foreign bodies retained in the rectum over a 5-year period. METHODS Retrospective review of the cases of retained rectal foreign bodies between 2008 and 2012 was performed. Patients’ clinical data and yearly case presentation with data relating to hospital episodes were collected. Data analysis was by SPSS Inc. Chicago, IL, United States. RESULTS Twenty-five patients presented over a 5-year period with a mean age of 39 (17-62) years and M: F ratio of 2:1. A progressive rise in cases was noted from 2008 to 2012 with 3, 4, 4, 6, 8 recorded patients per year respectively. The majority of the impacted rectal objects were used for self-/partner-eroticism. The commonest retained foreign bodies were sex vibrators and dildos. Ninty-six percent of the patients required extraction while one passed spontaneously. Two and three patients had retrieval in the Emergency Department and on the ward respectively while 19 patients needed examination under anaesthesia for extraction. The mean hospital stay was 19 (2-38) h. Associated psychosocial issues included depression, deliberate self-harm, illicit drug abuse, anxiety and alcoholism. There were no psychosocial problems identified in 15 patients. CONCLUSION There is a progressive rise in hospital presentation of impacted rectal foreign bodies with increasing use of different objects for sexual arousal. PMID:27830039

  2. Retaining latch for a water pit gate

    SciTech Connect

    Beale, A.R.

    1997-11-18

    A retaining latch is described for use in a hazardous materials storage or handling facility to adjustably retain a water pit gate in a gate frame. A retaining latch is provided comprising a latch plate which is rotatably mounted to each end of the top of the gate and a recessed opening, formed in the gate frame, for engaging an edge of the latch plate. The latch plate is circular in profile with one side cut away or flat, such that the latch plate is D-shaped. The remaining circular edge of the latch plate comprises steps of successively reduced thickness. The stepped edge of the latch plate fits inside a recessed opening formed in the gate frame. As the latch plate is rotated, alternate steps of the latch plate are engaged by the recessed opening. When the latch plate is rotated such that the flat portion of the latch plate faces the recessed opening in the gate frame, there is no connection between the opening and the latch plate and the gate is unlatched from the gate frame. 4 figs.

  3. Retaining latch for a water pit gate

    SciTech Connect

    Beale, Arden R.

    1997-01-01

    A retaining latch for use in a hazardous materials storage or handling facility to adjustably retain a water pit gate in a gate frame. A retaining latch is provided comprising a latch plate which is rotatably mounted to each end of the top of the gate and a recessed opening, formed in the gate frame, for engaging an edge of the latch plate. The latch plate is circular in profile with one side cut away or flat, such that the latch plate is D-shaped. The remaining circular edge of the latch plate comprises steps of successively reduced thickness. The stepped edge of the latch plate fits inside a recessed opening formed in the gate frame. As the latch plate is rotated, alternate steps of the latch plate are engaged by the recessed opening. When the latch plate is rotated such that the flat portion of the latch plate faces the recessed opening in the gate frame, there is no connection between the opening and the latch plate and the gate is unlatched from the gate frame.

  4. Risk-sensitive choice in humans as a function of an earnings budget.

    PubMed Central

    Pietras, C J; Hackenberc, T D

    2001-01-01

    Risky choice in 3 adult humans was investigated across procedural manipulations designed to model energy-budget manipulations conducted with nonhumans. Subjects were presented with repeated choices between a fixed and a variable number of points. An energy budget was simulated by use of an earnings budget, defined as the number of points needed within a block of trials for points to be exchanged for money. During positive earnings-budget conditions, exclusive preference for the fixed option met the earnings requirement. During negative earnings-budget conditions, exclusive preference for the certain option did not meet the earnings requirement, but choice for the variable option met the requirement probabilistically. Choice was generally risk averse (the fixed option was preferred) when the earnings budget was positive and risk prone (the variable option was preferred) when the earnings budget was negative. Furthermore, choice was most risk prone during negative earnings-budget conditions in which the earnings requirement was most stringent. Local choice patterns were also frequently consistent with the predictions of a dynamic optimization model, indicating that choice was simultaneously sensitive to short-term choice contingencies, current point earnings, and the earnings requirement. Overall, these results show that the patterns of risky choice generated by energy-budget variables can also be produced by choice contingencies that do not involve immediate survival, and that risky choice in humans may be similar to that shown in nonhumans when choice is studied under analogous experimental conditions. PMID:11516113

  5. Sex differentials in the earnings of Ph.D.s.

    PubMed

    Ferber, M A; Kordick, B

    1978-01-01

    Using a survey of two cohorts of men and women who received Ph.D.s in the years 1958-63 and 1967-72, the authors test two hypotheses: (1) that the relatively lower earnings of highly educated women can be explained largely by their career interruptions and by their lesser willingness to accumulate human capital in anticipation of such interruptions, and (2) that the differential in earnings between men and women increases with age because of career interruptions and that the gap narrows once women reenter the labor force on a permanent basis The findings do not lend support to either of these hypotheses, leading the authors to reject the proposition that the lower rewards of women Ph.D.s are primarily caused by their own voluntary decisions.

  6. The Earnings of Veterans: Effects of Military Service

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-03-01

    identifies premiUlllS and penalties in the civilian labor market associated with active service during conscription and the All- Volunteer Force. The...in the civilian labor market associated with active service during conscription and the All-Volunteer Force. The analysis controls for educational...and civilian labor market earnings. Chapter VI presents conclusions and recommendations. 3 LITERATURE REVIEW II. A. OVERVIEW This chapter reviews

  7. Peptic ulcer surgery: selection for operation by `earning'

    PubMed Central

    Small, W. P.; Cay, E. L.; Dugard, P.; Sircus, W.; Falconer, C. W. A.; Smith, A. N.; McManus, J. P. A.; Bruce, John

    1969-01-01

    Two groups of patients with chronic peptic ulcer were studied to determine the influence of duration of symptoms and age at operation on the result of surgical treatment. Independent physical and psychiatric assessments were made. Statistical analysis of the findings indicates that selection for operation by `earning' is unreliable in that it fails to identify that group of patients liable to do badly. In its place, a combined physical and psychiatric preoperative assessment of the peptic ulcer patient is recommended. PMID:5366281

  8. 25 CFR 1000.256 - Must the Secretary retain project funds to ensure proper health and safety standards in...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... SELF-GOVERNMENT ACT AMENDMENTS TO THE INDIAN SELF-DETERMINATION AND EDUCATION ACT Construction § 1000... health and safety standards in construction projects? 1000.256 Section 1000.256 Indians OFFICE OF THE... construction projects? Yes, the Secretary must retain project funds to ensure proper health and...

  9. Unemployment, earnings and enrollment among post 9/11 veterans.

    PubMed

    Kleykamp, Meredith

    2013-05-01

    This paper examines three outcomes characterizing different aspects of post 9/11 veterans' economic reintegration to civilian life: unemployment, earnings and college enrollment, using Current Population Survey data from 2005 to 2011. Analyses include interactions of veteran status with sex, race/ethnicity and educational attainment to evaluate whether diverse veterans experience diverse consequences of service. In brief, I find that the basic unemployment differences between veterans and non-veterans often reported in the media understate the effect of military service on unemployment for men, since veterans have other characteristics that are associated with higher employment rates. Female veterans appear to suffer a steeper employment penalty than male veterans, but black veterans appear to suffer less of a penalty than white veterans. But on two other measures, earnings and college enrollment, veterans appear to be doing better than their civilian peers. Veterans with a high school education or less outearn their civilian peers, but veterans with at least some college education appear to lose some or all of the veteran earnings advantage compared to veterans with a high school degree, suggesting the greatest wage returns to military service accrue among the least educated. Veterans with at least a high school education are more likely to be enrolled in college than their civilian peers. Treating veterans as a monolithic block obscures differences in the consequences of military service across diverse groups.

  10. Lifetime earnings patterns, the distribution of future Social Security benefits, and the impact of pension reform.

    PubMed

    Bosworth, B; Burtless, G; Steuerle, E

    2000-01-01

    In order to assess the effect of Social Security reform on current and future workers, it is essential to accurately characterize the initial situations of representative workers affected by reform. For the purpose of analyzing typical reforms, the most important characteristic of a worker is the level and pattern of his or her preretirement earnings. Under the current system, pensions are determined largely by the level of the workers' earnings averaged over their work life. However, several reform proposals would create individual retirement accounts for which the pension would depend on the investment accumulation within the account. Thus, the pension would also depend on the timing of the contributions into the account and hence on the exact shape of the worker's lifetime earnings profile. Most analysis of the distributional impact of reform has focused, however, on calculating benefit changes among a handful of hypothetical workers whose relative earnings are constant over their work life. The earnings levels are not necessarily chosen to represent the situations of workers who have typical or truly representative earnings patterns. Consequently, the results of such analysis can be misleading, especially if reform involves introducing a fundamentally new kind of pension formula. This article presents two broad approaches to creating representative earnings profiles for policy evaluation. First, we use standard econometric methods to predict future earnings for a representative sample of workers drawn from the Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP). Our statistical estimates are based on a simple representation of typical career earnings paths and a fixed-effect statistical specification. Because our estimation file contains information on each worker's annual earnings from 1951 through 1996 as reported in the Social Security Administration's earnings files, we have a record (though an incomplete one) of the actual earnings that will be used to

  11. HIV: seek, test, treat, and retain.

    PubMed

    Normand, Jacques; Montaner, Julio; Fang, Chi-Tai; Wu, Zunyou; Chen, Yi-Ming

    2013-12-01

    The "HIV: Seek, Test, Treat, and Retain" session was chaired by Dr. Jacques Normand, the Director of AIDS Research at the U.S. National Institute on Drug Abuse. Dr. Yi-Ming Chen served as the discussant. The three presenters (and their presentation topics) were: Dr. Julio Montaner (Treatment as Prevention-The Key to an AIDS-free Generation), Dr. Chi-Tai Fang (Population-level Effect of Free Access to HAART on Reducing HIV Transmission in Taiwan), and Dr. Zunyou Wu (Challenges in Promoting HIV Test & Treat Strategy in China).

  12. Retaining Device For One-Piece Battery

    DOEpatents

    Gilabert, Claude; Leturque, Michel; Verhoog, Roclof

    2000-08-01

    The present invention consists of a device for retaining a one-piece battery with a prismatic casing having two longitudinal walls and two transverse walls. The device contains two plates applied to respective transverse walls and at least one cinching mechanism for the plates consisting of at least one flat strip closed on itself surrounding the longitudinal walls and the transverse walls are provided with the plates. The device is characterized in that at least one of the plates contains at least one recessed housing and the strip closely follows the shape of the housing.

  13. Retained Surgical Foreign Bodies after Surgery

    PubMed Central

    Zejnullahu, Valon A.; Bicaj, Besnik X.; Zejnullahu, Vjosa A.; Hamza, Astrit R.

    2017-01-01

    The problem of retained surgical bodies (RSB) after surgery is an issue for surgeons, hospitals and the entire medical team. They have potentially harmful consequences for the patient as they can be life threatening and usually, a further operation is necessary. The incidence of RSB is between 0.3 to 1.0 per 1,000 abdominal operations, and they occur due to a lack of organisation and communication between surgical staff during the process. Typically, the RSB are surgical sponges and instruments located in the abdomen, retroperitoneum and pelvis. PMID:28293325

  14. The Role of Occupational Attainment, Labor Market Structure, and Earnings Inequality on the Relative Earnings of Mexican Americans: 1986-1992.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pagan, Jose A.; Cardenas, Gilberto

    1997-01-01

    Relative earnings of young Mexican American workers declined during 1986-92, influenced by recession-induced changes in the U.S. earnings structure and new immigration laws. Although Mexican American females experienced significantly greater occupational segregation than males, structural changes in labor demand worked to reduce the gender…

  15. Retaining latch for a water pit gate

    SciTech Connect

    Beale, A.R.

    1996-12-31

    The present invention relates to retaining devices which are used to latch two elements or parts together and, more particularly, to gate latches for use in locking a gate to a wall bracket in a water pit utilized to store or handle hazardous materials. A retaining latch is provided comprising a latch plate which is rotatably mounted to each end of the top of the gate and a recessed opening, formed in the gate frame, for engaging an edge of the latch plate. The latch plate is circular in profile with one side cut away or flat, such that the latch plate is D-shaped. The remaining circular edge of the latch plate comprises steps of successively reduced thickness. The stepped edge of the latch plate fits inside a recessed opening formed in the gate frame. As the latch plate is rotated, alternate steps of the latch plate are engaged by the recessed opening. When the latch plate is rotated such that the flat portion of the latch plate faces the recessed opening in the gate frame, there is no connection between the opening and the latch plate and the gate is unlatched from the gate frame.

  16. 78 FR 20705 - Securities Act of 1933; Securities Exchange Act of 1934; Order Regarding Review of FASB...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-05

    ... ``generally accepted'' under Section 108 of the Act.\\1\\ As a consequence of that recognition, the Commission... have additional sources of revenue for its activities, such as earnings from sales of publications, provided that each additional source of revenue shall not jeopardize, in the judgment of the...

  17. 75 FR 6231 - Securities Act of 1933; Securities Exchange Act of 1934; Order Regarding Review of FASB...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-08

    ... ``generally accepted'' under Section 108 of the Act.\\1\\ As a consequence of that recognition, the Commission... have additional sources of revenue for its activities, such as earnings from sales of publications, provided that each additional source of revenue shall not jeopardize, in the judgment of the...

  18. Privacy Act

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    Learn about the Privacy Act of 1974, the Electronic Government Act of 2002, the Federal Information Security Management Act, and other information about the Environmental Protection Agency maintains its records.

  19. Effect of Registered Partnership on Labor Earnings and Fertility for Same-Sex Couples: Evidence From Swedish Register Data.

    PubMed

    Aldén, Lina; Edlund, Lena; Hammarstedt, Mats; Mueller-Smith, Michael

    2015-08-01

    The expansion of legal rights to same-sex couples is a foot in a number of Western countries. The effects of this rollout are not only important in their own right but can also provide a window on the institution of marriage and the rights bundled therein. In this article, using Swedish longitudinal register data covering 1994-2007, we study the impact of the extension of rights to same-sex couples on labor earnings and fertility. In 1994, registered partnership for same-sex couples was introduced, which conferred almost all rights and obligations of marriage--a notable exception being joint legal parenting, by default or election. The latter was added in the 2002 adoption act. We find registered partnership to be important to both gays and lesbians but for different reasons. For gays, resource pooling emerges as the main function of registered partnerships. For lesbians, registered partnership appears to be an important vehicle for family formation, especially after the 2002 adoption act. In contrast to heterosexual couples (included for comparison), we find no evidence of household specialization among lesbians. The lack of specialization is noteworthy given similar fertility effects of registered partnership (after 2002) and the fact that lesbian couples were less assortatively matched (on education) than heterosexual couples--children and unequal earnings power being two factors commonly believed to promote specialization.

  20. The male-female gap in physician earnings: evidence from a public health insurance system.

    PubMed

    Theurl, Engelbert; Winner, Hannes

    2011-10-01

    Empirical evidence from US studies suggests that female physicians earn less than their male counterparts, on average. The earnings gap does not disappear when individual and market characteristics are controlled for. This paper investigates whether a gender earnings difference can also be observed in a health-care system predominantly financed by public insurance companies. Using a unique data set of physicians' earnings recorded by a public social security agency in an Austrian province between 2000 and 2004, we find a gender gap in average earnings of about 32%. A substantial share of this gap (20-47%) cannot be explained by individual and market characteristics, leaving labor market discrimination as one possible explanation for the observed gender earnings difference of physicians.

  1. Recruiting and retaining indigenous farmworker participants

    PubMed Central

    Farquhar, Stephanie; de Jesus Gonzalez, Carmen; Hall, Jennifer; Samples, Julie; Ventura, Santiago; Sanchez, Valentin; Shadbeh, Nargess

    2013-01-01

    There is limited information on the specific practices used to successfully recruit and retain indigenous and Latino farmworkers in research studies. This article describes the strategies used in a community-based participatory research project with indigenous agricultural workers. Participants were recruited through consulting with indigenous relatives and friends, identifying and meeting with indigenous leaders from hometown associations in countries of origin, and asking current participants to recruit fellow farmworkers. Adjustments were initiated to the second year protocol to enhance recruitment and retention. The difference in attrition rates between years one and two was statistically significant, a difference partially attributed to modifications to recruitment and retention protocol. Findings confirmed that active recruitment techniques and word-of-mouth recruitment were more effective than passive methods. Trust among academic, organization, and community partners, and shared language and culture between those doing the recruitment and the participants, contributed to sustained farmworker participation. PMID:23733354

  2. Defense Contractor Employee Overseas Compensation and the Foreign Earned Income Act of 1978

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-06-01

    Report) A ED F BLIC RE EASE AFR 190,17. iqmabslc c. T n N r. USAF 19. KEY WORDS (C6110m1 On nen ree side It noceeowe and identity by block number...Inc. Standard Federal Tax Reports. Vol. 65, No. 47, Part II. Chicago, 25 October 1978. 8. Fedak, Laurence S. General Counsel, Department of the Air

  3. DETAILED VIEW OF MASONRY WORK OF THE RETAINING WALL LOOKING ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    DETAILED VIEW OF MASONRY WORK OF THE RETAINING WALL LOOKING TO THE SOUTH - Grand Canyon National Park Roads, Village Loop Retaining No. 1, North side of Village Loop Drive, Grand Canyon Village, Coconino County, AZ

  4. DISTANT VIEW OF RETAINING WALL AS SEEN LOOKING TO THE ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    DISTANT VIEW OF RETAINING WALL AS SEEN LOOKING TO THE SOUTH - Grand Canyon National Park Roads, Village Loop Retaining No. 1, North side of Village Loop Drive, Grand Canyon Village, Coconino County, AZ

  5. 40 CFR 98.87 - Records that must be retained.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... (CONTINUED) MANDATORY GREENHOUSE GAS REPORTING Cement Production § 98.87 Records that must be retained. (a... § 98.3(g), you must retain the records specified in this paragraph (b) for each portland...

  6. 40 CFR 98.87 - Records that must be retained.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... (CONTINUED) MANDATORY GREENHOUSE GAS REPORTING Cement Production § 98.87 Records that must be retained. (a... § 98.3(g), you must retain the records specified in this paragraph (b) for each portland...

  7. 40 CFR 98.87 - Records that must be retained.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... (CONTINUED) MANDATORY GREENHOUSE GAS REPORTING Cement Production § 98.87 Records that must be retained. (a... § 98.3(g), you must retain the records specified in this paragraph (b) for each portland...

  8. The earnings of Mexican immigrants in the United States.

    PubMed

    Borjas, G J

    1996-10-01

    "This paper documents the trends in the earnings of Mexican immigrants during the 1970-1990 period. The empirical evidence indicates that there has been a decline in the relative wage of successive Mexican immigrant waves in the past three decades and that little wage convergence occurs between the typical Mexican immigrant and the typical native worker. The data also suggest that the increasing importance of Mexican immigration is partly responsible for the deterioration in relative skills observed in the aggregate immigrant population, but that there has also been a decline in relative skills even among non-Mexican immigrants."

  9. 31 CFR 203.16 - Retainer and investor depositaries.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Retainer and investor depositaries... TREASURY TAX AND LOAN PROGRAM PATAX § 203.16 Retainer and investor depositaries. (a) Credit to TIP main account balance. On the business day that the TSC receives an AOC from a retainer or investor...

  10. 31 CFR 203.16 - Retainer and investor depositaries.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Retainer and investor depositaries... TREASURY TAX AND LOAN PROGRAM PATAX § 203.16 Retainer and investor depositaries. (a) Credit to TIP main account balance. On the business day that the TSC receives an AOC from a retainer or investor...

  11. 31 CFR 203.16 - Retainer and investor depositaries.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Retainer and investor depositaries... TREASURY TAX AND LOAN PROGRAM PATAX § 203.16 Retainer and investor depositaries. (a) Credit to TIP main account balance. On the business day that the TSC receives an AOC from a retainer or investor...

  12. 31 CFR 203.16 - Retainer and investor depositaries.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Retainer and investor depositaries... TREASURY TAX AND LOAN PROGRAM PATAX § 203.16 Retainer and investor depositaries. (a) Credit to TIP main account balance. On the business day that the TSC receives an AOC from a retainer or investor...

  13. 31 CFR 203.16 - Retainer and investor depositaries.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Retainer and investor depositaries... TREASURY TAX AND LOAN PROGRAM PATAX § 203.16 Retainer and investor depositaries. (a) Credit to TIP main account balance. On the business day that the TSC receives an AOC from a retainer or investor...

  14. 24 CFR 266.210 - HUD-retained review functions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false HUD-retained review functions. 266.210 Section 266.210 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban... Program Requirements § 266.210 HUD-retained review functions. Certain functions are retained by...

  15. 24 CFR 266.210 - HUD-retained review functions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false HUD-retained review functions. 266... Program Requirements § 266.210 HUD-retained review functions. Certain functions are retained by the.... Intergovernmental review of Federal programs under Executive Order 12372, as implemented in 24 CFR part 52....

  16. Children's work, earnings, and nutrition in urban Mexican shantytowns.

    PubMed

    Brewis, Alexandra; Lee, Sarah

    2010-01-01

    For many children living in conditions of urban poverty, earning money can provide additional resources to them and their families, and this raises interesting questions about the potential biological consequences (costs and benefits) of children's work in 'modern' settings. This study uses time allocation, ethnographic, dietary, and anthropometric data collected with 96 urban Mexican shantytown children (aged 8-12 years) and their older and younger siblings (aged 1-18 years) to test hypotheses related to the effects of children's cash earning and cash contributions to their households for their own and their sibs' nutritional status. Regression models show that children's contributions to household income and the time they allocate to working outside the home makes no difference to their own or their younger siblings' nutritional status assessed anthropometrically. Dietary quality, based on food recalls, is worse in working than non-working children, even taking household income into account. Children's allocation of time to work and their cash contributions to the household do however significantly improve the weight of their older siblings, especially sisters. This suggests children's work in urban ecologies might have different constraints and opportunities for their own and siblings' growth and nutrition than typically observed in subsistence settings.

  17. Grass plants bind, retain, uptake, and transport infectious prions.

    PubMed

    Pritzkow, Sandra; Morales, Rodrigo; Moda, Fabio; Khan, Uffaf; Telling, Glenn C; Hoover, Edward; Soto, Claudio

    2015-05-26

    Prions are the protein-based infectious agents responsible for prion diseases. Environmental prion contamination has been implicated in disease transmission. Here, we analyzed the binding and retention of infectious prion protein (PrP(Sc)) to plants. Small quantities of PrP(Sc) contained in diluted brain homogenate or in excretory materials (urine and feces) can bind to wheat grass roots and leaves. Wild-type hamsters were efficiently infected by ingestion of prion-contaminated plants. The prion-plant interaction occurs with prions from diverse origins, including chronic wasting disease. Furthermore, leaves contaminated by spraying with a prion-containing preparation retained PrP(Sc) for several weeks in the living plant. Finally, plants can uptake prions from contaminated soil and transport them to aerial parts of the plant (stem and leaves). These findings demonstrate that plants can efficiently bind infectious prions and act as carriers of infectivity, suggesting a possible role of environmental prion contamination in the horizontal transmission of the disease.

  18. Grass plants bind, retain, uptake and transport infectious prions

    PubMed Central

    Pritzkow, Sandra; Morales, Rodrigo; Moda, Fabio; Khan, Uffaf; Telling, Glenn C.; Hoover, Edward; Soto, Claudio

    2015-01-01

    Prions are the protein-based infectious agents responsible for prion diseases. Environmental prion contamination has been implicated in disease transmission. Here we analyzed the binding and retention of infectious prion protein (PrPSc) to plants. Small quantities of PrPSc contained in diluted brain homogenate or in excretory materials (urine and feces) can bind to wheat grass roots and leaves. Wild type hamsters were efficiently infected by ingestion of prion-contaminated plants. The prion-plant interaction occurs with prions from diverse origins, including chronic wasting disease. Furthermore, leaves contaminated by spraying with a prion-containing preparation retained PrPSc for several weeks in the living plant. Finally, plants can uptake prions from contaminated soil and transport them to aerial parts of the plant (stem and leaves). These findings demonstrate that plants can efficiently bind infectious prions and act as carriers of infectivity, suggesting a possible role of environmental prion contamination in the horizontal transmission of the disease. PMID:25981035

  19. Should Community College Students Earn an Associate Degree before Transferring to a 4-Year Institution?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kopko, Elizabeth M.; Crosta, Peter M.

    2016-01-01

    Using data on over 41,000 students in one state who entered community college before transferring to a 4-year institution, this study examines the following question: Are community college students who earn an associate degree before transferring to a 4-year college more likely to earn a bachelor's degree? Due to the causal nature surrounding this…

  20. Field of Study in College and Lifetime Earnings in the United States

    PubMed Central

    Kim, ChangHwan; Tamborini, Christopher R.; Sakamoto, Arthur

    2016-01-01

    Our understanding about the relationship between education and lifetime earnings often neglects differences by field of study. Utilizing data that matches respondents in the Survey of Income and Program Participation to their longitudinal earnings records based on administrative tax information, we investigate the trajectories of annual earnings following the same individuals over 20 years and then estimate the long-term effects of field of study on earnings for U.S. men and women. Our results provide new evidence revealing large lifetime earnings gaps across field of study. We show important differences in individuals’ earnings trajectories across the different stages of the work-life by field of study. In addition, the gaps in 40-year (i.e., ages 20 to 59) median lifetime earnings among college graduates by field of study are larger, in many instances, than the median gap between high school graduates and college graduates overall. Significant variation is also found among graduate degree holders. Our results uncover important similarities and differences between men and women with regard to the long-term earnings differentials associated with field of study. In general, these findings underscore field of study as a critical dimension of horizontal stratification in educational attainment. Other implications of the empirical findings are also discussed. PMID:28042177

  1. 25 CFR 115.710 - Does money in a trust account earn interest?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Does money in a trust account earn interest? 115.710 Section 115.710 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR FINANCIAL ACTIVITIES TRUST... Interests § 115.710 Does money in a trust account earn interest? Yes, all money deposited in a trust...

  2. 25 CFR 115.713 - When does money in a trust account start earning interest?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false When does money in a trust account start earning interest? 115.713 Section 115.713 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR FINANCIAL... and Interests § 115.713 When does money in a trust account start earning interest? Funds must...

  3. Annual Earnings of Household Heads in Production Jobs, 1973. Summary: Special Labor Force Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Department of Labor, Washington, DC.

    The statistics are based on a household survey, collected annually, and are related to one year's earnings experience of family heads and unrelated individuals. Data show that after-tax earnings for the 30 million persons surveyed rose in 1973 by 5.8 percent but fell 0.4 percent after adjustment for consumer price increases (real after-tax…

  4. Business Administration and Computer Science Degrees: Earnings, Job Security, and Job Satisfaction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mehta, Kamlesh; Uhlig, Ronald

    2017-01-01

    This paper examines the potential of business administration vs. computer science degrees in terms of earnings, job security, and job satisfaction. The paper focuses on earnings potential five years and ten years after the completion of business administration and computer science degrees. Moreover, the paper presents the income changes with…

  5. Does Human Capital Investment Impact the Earning Mobility of the Near Poor?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Karasik, Bradley

    2012-01-01

    This secondary analysis of the earning mobility of the near poor examined the impact of human capital investment on the earning mobility of the near poor between 2005 and 2009. The theory framing this study is Human Capital Theory (Shultz, 1961). Other demographic and socioeconomic variables were included in this study to further explore factors…

  6. 34 CFR 675.25 - Earnings applied to cost of attendance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 675.25 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF... a FWS job to be applied to a student's cost of attendance (attributed earnings) by subtracting taxes and job related costs from the student's gross earnings. (2) Job related costs are costs the...

  7. 48 CFR 352.234-3 - Full earned value management system.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... management system. 352.234-3 Section 352.234-3 Federal Acquisition Regulations System HEALTH AND HUMAN....234-3 Full earned value management system. As prescribed in 334.203-70(c), the Contracting Officer shall insert the following clause: Full Earned Value Management System (October 2008) (a) The...

  8. 48 CFR 352.234-4 - Partial earned value management system.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... management system. 352.234-4 Section 352.234-4 Federal Acquisition Regulations System HEALTH AND HUMAN....234-4 Partial earned value management system. As prescribed in 334.203-70(d), the Contracting Officer shall insert the following clause: Partial Earned Value Management System (October 2008) (a)...

  9. Factors Considered by Vocational Rehabilitation Professionals in Employability and Earning Capacity Assessment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williams, John M.; Dunn, Patrick L.; Bast, Steve; Giesen, Judy

    2006-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to identify the factors that contributed to vocational rehabilitation assessment of earning capacity. Rehabilitation professionals who attended a national forensic rehabilitation conference were asked to rate the importance of 26 variables in development of opinions of earning capacity. Exploratory factor analysis…

  10. The Earnings of Dropouts and High School Enrollments: Evidence from the Coal Boom and Bust.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Black, Dan; Daniel, Kermit; Sanders, Seth

    Economic theory suggests that when the reduction in earnings from dropping out of school is minimal, dropout rates will be high. As earnings loss for dropouts grows, however, the dropout rate should decrease. This chapter examines whether these predicted effects actually occur by looking at changes in dropout rates in Kentucky in the 1970s and…

  11. Multilevel Analysis of the Effects of Antidiscrimination Policies on Earnings by Sexual Orientation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Klawitter, Marieka

    2011-01-01

    This study uses the 2000 U.S. Census data to assess the impact of antidiscrimination policies for sexual orientation on earnings for gays and lesbians. Using a multilevel model allows estimation of the effects of state and local policies on earnings and of variation in the effects of sexual orientation across local labor markets. The results…

  12. Relative Earnings of Black Men to White Men by Region, Industry.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Saunders, Lisa

    1995-01-01

    The earnings gap between black men and white men widened from 1979-89. Black men were more likely to experience declines in regions where they were concentrated. White men's earnings rose relative to black men's in lower-paying industries. (SK)

  13. Market Characteristics and Hispanic Earnings: A Comparison of Natives and Immigrants.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tienda, Marta

    1983-01-01

    Highlights the complex relationship between earnings, nativity, and national origin among Hispanic men. States that human capital characteristics, notably education, work experience, and English language proficiency, significantly influence annual log earnings for all groups, but the patterns of effects depend on nativity and national origin.…

  14. The Complementarity of Language and Other Human Capital: Immigrant Earnings in Canada. Discussion Paper.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chiswick, Barry R.; Miller, Paul W.

    This paper analyzes the effects of language practice on earnings among adult male immigrants in Canada using data from the 1991 Census of Canada. It examines whether destination language skills are complements to or substitutes in generating earnings with respect to other kinds of human capital (schooling and pre- and post-migration labor market…

  15. 20 CFR 416.1112 - Earned income we do not count.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... AGED, BLIND, AND DISABLED Income Earned Income § 416.1112 Earned income we do not count. (a) General... income you use to pay impairment-related work expenses described in § 416.976, if you are disabled (but not blind) and under age 65 or you are disabled (but not blind) and received SSI as a...

  16. Economics of Education and Work Life Demand in Terms of Earnings and Skills

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Xia, Belle Selene; Liitiäinen, Elia

    2014-01-01

    This article uses data from a major international survey to construct earnings functions in terms of learning outcomes and variables related to working life in different European countries. In order to complement the extended earnings regression model, the authors have used partial correlation analysis and the analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) to…

  17. Is Economics a Good Major for Future Lawyers? Evidence from Earnings Data

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Winters, John V.

    2016-01-01

    This study reports descriptive data on earnings differences for practicing lawyers by undergraduate major with a focus on economics majors. Some majors do much better than others. Economics majors tend to do very well in both median and mean earnings. Electrical engineering, accounting, finance, and some other majors also do relatively well. This…

  18. Associations of serious mental illness with earnings: results from the WHO World Mental Health surveys

    PubMed Central

    Levinson, Daphna; Lakoma, Matthew D.; Petukhova, Maria; Schoenbaum, Michael; Zaslavsky, Alan M.; Angermeyer, Matthias; Borges, Guilherme; Bruffaerts, Ronny; de Girolamo, Giovanni; de Graaf, Ron; Gureje, Oye; Haro, Josep Maria; Hu, Chiyi; Karam, Aimee N.; Kawakami, Norito; Lee, Sing; Lepine, Jean-Pierre; Browne, Mark Oakley; Okoliyski, Michail; Posada-Villa, José; Sagar, Rajesh; Viana, Maria Carmen; Williams, David R.; Kessler, Ronald C.

    2010-01-01

    Background Burden-of-illness data, which are often used in setting healthcare policy-spending priorities, are unavailable for mental disorders in most countries. Aims To examine one central aspect of illness burden, the association of serious mental illness with earnings, in the World Health Organization (WHO) World Mental Health (WMH) Surveys. Method The WMH Surveys were carried out in 10 high-income and 9 low- and middle-income countries. The associations of personal earnings with serious mental illness were estimated. Results Respondents with serious mental illness earned on average a third less than median earnings, with no significant between-country differences (χ2(9) = 5.5–8.1, P = 0.52–0.79). These losses are equivalent to 0.3–0.8% of total national earnings. Reduced earnings among those with earnings and the increased probability of not earning are both important components of these associations. Conclusions These results add to a growing body of evidence that mental disorders have high societal costs. Decisions about healthcare resource allocation should take these costs into consideration. PMID:20679263

  19. 7 CFR 3015.44 - Royalties or equivalent income earned from patents or from inventions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Royalties or equivalent income earned from patents or from inventions. 3015.44 Section 3015.44 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture... inventions. Disposition of royalties or equivalent income earned on patents or inventions arising out...

  20. Vocational Training and Earnings in Colombia: Does a SENA Effect Exist?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Puryear, Jeffrey M.

    1979-01-01

    This study examines the impact of general education, technical training, and varying combinations of the two on subsequent earnings, by investigating whether the industrial apprenticeship program of Colombia's National Apprenticeship Service (SENA) increases subsequent earnings after adjusting for the effect of other potentially important…

  1. Not by Productivity Alone: How Visibility and Specialization Contribute to Academic Earnings

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leahey, Erin

    2007-01-01

    The popular adage "publish or perish" has long defined individual career strategies as well as scholarly investigations of earnings inequality in academe, as researchers have relied heavily on research productivity to explain earnings inequality among faculty members. Academia, however, has changed dramatically in the last few decades: it has…

  2. Sex-Composition of Occupation and the Determinants of Women's Earnings.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abrams, Doris L.

    A study examined the impact of sex composition of occupation on women's earnings and the structure of wage determination in "masculine" and "feminine" occupations. Data--a national sample of women--came from the Project Talent Data Bank. Results indicated that, overall, women in "masculine" occupations earned approximately 42% more annually than…

  3. Help Workers Boost Their Paychecks! The Earned Income Credit 2000 Outreach Kit.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Center on Budget and Policy Priorities, Washington, DC.

    This packet, which was developed as part of the Earned Income Credit Campaign 2000, contains an information booklet, a guide to outreach strategies, and accompanying materials to raise low-income workers' awareness of the Earned Income Credit (EIC) and other tax credits available to low-income taxpayers. The following are among the topics…

  4. 48 CFR 52.234-2 - Notice of Earned Value Management System-Pre-Award IBR.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Notice of Earned Value Management System-Pre-Award IBR. 52.234-2 Section 52.234-2 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL... Provisions and Clauses 52.234-2 Notice of Earned Value Management System—Pre-Award IBR. As prescribed in...

  5. 26 CFR 1.857-7 - Earnings and profits of a real estate investment trust.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 9 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Earnings and profits of a real estate investment... (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES Real Estate Investment Trusts § 1.857-7 Earnings and profits of a real estate investment trust. (a) Any real estate investment trust whether or not such...

  6. Internal labor markets and firm-specific determination of earnings in the presence of immigrant workers.

    PubMed

    Zweimuller, J; Winter-ebmer, R

    1995-01-01

    "In this paper we study earnings determination at the firm level in Austria. We distinguish firms who employ immigrant workers and those who do not. By using a switching regressions model we find that native workers in firms with immigrant employees face rising earnings-tenure profiles whereas natives in other firms do not."

  7. The earnings of male immigrants in England: evidence from the quarterly LFS.

    PubMed

    Shields, M A; Price, S W

    1998-09-01

    "In this paper we estimate earnings functions for native born and foreign born white and non-white males in the English labour market, using data from the Quarterly Labour Force Survey.... Our results highlight the importance of distinguishing between native born and foreign born males when investigating the labour market experience of ethnic minorities. Furthermore, the earnings performance amongst white immigrants varies considerably."

  8. Universities Report $1.8-Billion in Earnings on Inventions in 2011

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blumenstyk, Goldie

    2012-01-01

    Universities and their inventors earned more than $1.8-billion from commercializing their academic research in the 2011 fiscal year, collecting royalties from new breeds of wheat, from a new drug for the treatment of HIV, and from longstanding arrangements over enduring products like Gatorade. Northwestern University earned the most of any…

  9. 26 CFR 1.911-3 - Determination of amount of foreign earned income to be excluded.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... income to be excluded. 1.911-3 Section 1.911-3 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF... Residents of United States § 1.911-3 Determination of amount of foreign earned income to be excluded. (a) Definition of foreign earned income. For purposes of section 911 and the regulations thereunder, the...

  10. Human Capital Obsolescence: The Effects on Earnings Patterns of Engineers of the Expansion of Technical Knowledge.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haines, John Stirling, Jr.

    This study analyzes the impact on earnings of human-capital obsolescence, human-capital deterioration, unstructured on-the-job learning, and structured on-the-job learning. The study defines these four concepts, discusses their determinants, and analyzes the market mechanics by which each influences earning rates. A model is developed and adapted…

  11. Evolution of Earnings and Rates of Returns to Education in Mexico.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lopez-Acevedo, Gladys

    This paper reviews the factors and mechanisms that have been driving inequality in Mexico and finds that educational inequality accounts for by far the largest share of Mexico's variation in earnings inequality. More specifically, it examines the expansion in earnings inequality with emphasis on the role of education, establishes an analytical…

  12. 5 CFR 842.505 - Reduction in annuity supplement because of excess earnings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Supplement § 842.505 Reduction in annuity supplement because of excess earnings. (a)(1) Except as provided in... supplement is payable. (b) Any reduction in the annuity supplement during a month because of excess earnings... to be eligible for the supplement. (e) The reductions described in paragraphs (a) and (b) of...

  13. The Impact of Advanced Vocational Education and Training on Earnings in Sweden

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Andersson, Roland; Nabavi, Pardis; Wilhelmsson, Mats

    2014-01-01

    Researchers have established a relationship between greater education and training and higher earnings but it is difficult to infer that the former causes the latter if those with higher earnings tend to engage in more education and training. The present study attempts to control for ability and family background to see if stronger inferences can…

  14. Exploring the Wealth Returns to Latino Higher Educational Attainment: Estimates of Work-Life Earnings Profiles

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Robles, Barbara J.

    2009-01-01

    A significant research gap exists in our knowledge of how educational attainment affects wealth building and intergenerational wealth transfers among Latinos. Wealth includes earnings but is a much wider and more fundamental measure of economic mobility. The education-earnings-wealth relationship is explored by constructing estimates of social…

  15. Education and Synthetic Work-Life Earnings Estimates. American Community Survey Reports. ACS-14

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Julian, Tiffany; Kominski, Robert

    2011-01-01

    The relationship between education and earnings is a long-analyzed topic of study. Generally, there is a strong belief that achievement of higher levels of education is a well established path to better jobs and better earnings. This report provides one view of the economic value of educational attainment by producing an estimate of the amount of…

  16. 5 CFR 831.1209 - Termination of disability annuity because of restoration to earning capacity.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... earn post-retirement income in a calendar year through personal work efforts or services. The total... income. All income which is subject to Federal employment taxes (i.e., social security or Medicare taxes... amount of income from self-employment for a calendar year. (3) Only income earned from personal...

  17. Is the Gap More than Gender? A Longitudinal Analysis of Gender, Gender Role Orientation, and Earnings

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Judge, Timothy A.; Livingston, Beth A.

    2008-01-01

    This study investigated the relationships among gender, gender role orientation (i.e., attitudes toward the gendered separation of roles at work and at home), and earnings. A multilevel model was conceptualized in which gender role orientation and earnings were within-individual variables that fluctuate over time (although predictors of…

  18. Field of Study in College and Lifetime Earnings in the United States

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kim, ChangHwan; Tamborini, Christopher R.; Sakamoto, Arthur

    2015-01-01

    Our understanding about the relationship between education and lifetime earnings often neglects differences by field of study. Utilizing data that match respondents in the Survey of Income and Program Participation to their longitudinal earnings records based on administrative tax information, we investigate the trajectories of annual earnings…

  19. Students' Expectations about Earnings and Employment and the Experience of Recent University Graduates: Evidence from Cyprus

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Menon, Maria Eliophotou; Pashourtidou, Nicoletta; Polycarpou, Alexandros; Pashardes, Panos

    2012-01-01

    The employability of university graduates constitutes a major policy concern in both developed and developing nations. In this context, the present study uses self-reported data to compare the earnings and employment expectations of university students, and the realised earnings and employment paths of recent graduates. The sample consisted of 476…

  20. 26 CFR 1.312-15 - Effect of depreciation on earnings and profits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Effect of depreciation on earnings and profits... (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES Effects on Corporation § 1.312-15 Effect of depreciation on earnings and profits. (a) Depreciation for taxable years beginning after June 30, 1972—(1) In...

  1. 20 CFR 225.13 - Social Security Earnings Dual Benefit PIA.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2014-04-01 2012-04-01 true Social Security Earnings Dual Benefit PIA. 225... Spouse Annuities § 225.13 Social Security Earnings Dual Benefit PIA. (a) General. The Social Security... certain eligibility requirements as described in part 216 of this chapter. The Social Security...

  2. 20 CFR 225.13 - Social Security Earnings Dual Benefit PIA.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Social Security Earnings Dual Benefit PIA... Spouse Annuities § 225.13 Social Security Earnings Dual Benefit PIA. (a) General. The Social Security... certain eligibility requirements as described in part 216 of this chapter. The Social Security...

  3. A Hierarchical Linear Model for Estimating Gender-Based Earnings Differentials.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haberfield, Yitchak; Semyonov, Moshe; Addi, Audrey

    1998-01-01

    Estimates of gender earnings inequality in data from 116,431 Jewish workers were compared using a hierarchical linear model (HLM) and ordinary least squares model. The HLM allows estimation of the extent to which earnings inequality depends on occupational characteristics. (SK)

  4. 20 CFR 404.1080 - Net earnings from self-employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    .... If you are self-employed, you must first determine the amount of your net earnings from self... tax purposes. If you are an employee but we consider you to be self-employed for social security purposes, you must figure your earnings as though you were actually self-employed unless you work for...

  5. 20 CFR 404.1080 - Net earnings from self-employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    .... If you are self-employed, you must first determine the amount of your net earnings from self... tax purposes. If you are an employee but we consider you to be self-employed for social security purposes, you must figure your earnings as though you were actually self-employed unless you work for...

  6. 20 CFR 404.1080 - Net earnings from self-employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    .... If you are self-employed, you must first determine the amount of your net earnings from self... tax purposes. If you are an employee but we consider you to be self-employed for social security purposes, you must figure your earnings as though you were actually self-employed unless you work for...

  7. 20 CFR 404.1080 - Net earnings from self-employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    .... If you are self-employed, you must first determine the amount of your net earnings from self... tax purposes. If you are an employee but we consider you to be self-employed for social security purposes, you must figure your earnings as though you were actually self-employed unless you work for...

  8. 20 CFR 404.1080 - Net earnings from self-employment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    .... If you are self-employed, you must first determine the amount of your net earnings from self... tax purposes. If you are an employee but we consider you to be self-employed for social security purposes, you must figure your earnings as though you were actually self-employed unless you work for...

  9. 20 CFR 225.4 - Limitation on amount of earnings used to compute a PIA.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... compute a PIA. 225.4 Section 225.4 Employees' Benefits RAILROAD RETIREMENT BOARD REGULATIONS UNDER THE... earnings used to compute a PIA. Certain PIA's used by the Board are based on a combination of compensation... purposes of crediting earnings when computing any PIA, compensation is always treated as wages....

  10. Women's Economic Returns from College, Graduate Education and Nurses' Training Through Earnings and Marriage.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Benham, Lee

    Studies of occupational choice and the demand for education conducted by economists have generally focused on the pecuniary cost and earnings streams associated with these choices. It has been recognized that many other factors influence such choices, but models using earnings alone have been fairly successful in predicting these choices for men.…

  11. 26 CFR 1.911-3 - Determination of amount of foreign earned income to be excluded.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... of foreign earned income. For purposes of section 911 and the regulations thereunder, the term... general. The term “earned income” means wages, salaries, professional fees, and other amounts received as... amounts included in gross income. (2) Limitation—(i) In general. The term “section 911(a)(1)...

  12. Effects of the Age–Education Structure of Female Workers on Male Earnings in Brazil

    PubMed Central

    de Lima Amaral, Ernesto Friedrich; Almeida, Mariana Eugenio; Rios-Neto, Eduardo Luiz Gonçalves; Potter, Joseph E.

    2015-01-01

    The main concern of this study is the impact that an increase in female participation within the labor force has on the earnings of males in Brazil. Previous research considered these transitions for male workers, but did not include female workers when estimating various effects on earnings. The 1970, 1980, 1991, and 2000 Brazilian Demographic Censuses were used for this analysis. Results suggest a significant negative impact on male earnings in 1970 as a result of the share of female workers. This effect has been decreasing over time, as the coefficients from more recent years are positive. Changes in age and educational composition make a substantial difference on the estimation of male earnings in Brazil. The method developed in this study is not infallible, but it improves previous estimates by including the relationship among compositional changes, female labor force participation, and earnings, thus going beyond the direct impact of age and education. PMID:26594305

  13. Earnings Management before Rights Issues and the Subsequent Cash Transfer in Chinese Firms

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tsai, Bi-Huei

    2009-08-01

    Unlike private enterprises in developed markets, political influence is profound upon Chinese state-dominated firms. Under this consideration, this paper demonstrates how political impact interferes in Chinese managers' decisions. State-assigned managers were found to deliberately transfer cash raised via rights issues from the public shareholders to the state by cash dividends in order to please Chinese politicians. Especially, to meet the regulatory requirement of rights issues, managers from firms which distributed more cash dividends in the same year of rights issues were more likely to inflate earnings before rights issues. The earnings inflation which managers use to boost firm's incomes is defined as "earnings management." Furthermore, the empirical results also exhibit that firm's close relationship with the state enables managers to obtain approvals of rights issues easily, which reduces the firm's earnings management tendency. The manager's incentives of earnings management is closely attributed to the political intervention.

  14. Is the gap more than gender? A longitudinal analysis of gender, gender role orientation, and earnings.

    PubMed

    Judge, Timothy A; Livingston, Beth A

    2008-09-01

    This study investigated the relationships among gender, gender role orientation (i.e., attitudes toward the gendered separation of roles at work and at home), and earnings. A multilevel model was conceptualized in which gender role orientation and earnings were within-individual variables that fluctuate over time (although predictors of between-individual differences in gender role orientation were also considered). Results indicated that whereas traditional gender role orientation was positively related to earnings, gender significantly predicted the slope of this relationship: Traditional gender role orientation was strongly positively associated with earnings for men; it was slightly negatively associated with earnings for women. Occupational segregation partly explained these gender differences. Overall, the results suggest that although gender role attitudes are becoming less traditional for men and for women, traditional gender role orientation continues to exacerbate the gender wage gap.

  15. Selection, language heritage, and the earnings trajectories of black immigrants in the United States.

    PubMed

    Hamilton, Tod G

    2014-06-01

    Research suggests that immigrants from the English-speaking Caribbean surpass the earnings of U.S.-born blacks approximately one decade after arriving in the United States. Using data from the 1980-2000 U.S. censuses and the 2005-2007 American Community Surveys on U.S.-born black and non-Hispanic white men as well as black immigrant men from all the major sending regions of the world, I evaluate whether selective migration and language heritage of immigrants' birth countries account for the documented earnings crossover. I validate the earnings pattern of black immigrants documented in previous studies, but I also find that the earnings of most arrival cohorts of immigrants from the English-speaking Caribbean, after residing in the United States for more than 20 years, are projected to converge with or slightly overtake those of U.S.-born black internal migrants. The findings also show three arrival cohorts of black immigrants from English-speaking African countries are projected to surpass the earnings of U.S.-born black internal migrants. No arrival cohort of black immigrants is projected to surpass the earnings of U.S.-born non-Hispanic whites. Birth-region analysis shows that black immigrants from English-speaking countries experience more rapid earnings growth than immigrants from non-English-speaking countries. The arrival-cohort and birth-region variation in earnings documented in this study suggest that selective migration and language heritage of black immigrants' birth countries are important determinants of their initial earnings and earnings trajectories in the United States.

  16. Retaining clinician-scientists: nature versus nurture.

    PubMed

    Culican, Susan M; Rupp, Jason D; Margolis, Todd P

    2014-05-27

    career trajectory. To muffle the siren song of private practice and retain those best prepared for the clinician-scientist pathway requires additional investment as their careers mature through protected research time, mentorship, and advocacy.

  17. Health insurance tax credits, the earned income tax credit, and health insurance coverage of single mothers.

    PubMed

    Cebi, Merve; Woodbury, Stephen A

    2014-05-01

    The Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1990 enacted a refundable tax credit for low-income working families who purchased health insurance coverage for their children. This health insurance tax credit (HITC) existed during tax years 1991, 1992, and 1993, and was then rescinded. A difference-in-differences estimator applied to Current Population Survey data suggests that adoption of the HITC, along with accompanying increases in the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC), was associated with a relative increase of about 4.7 percentage points in the private health insurance coverage of working single mothers with high school or less education. Also, a difference-in-difference-in-differences estimator, which attempts to net out the possible influence of the EITC increases but which requires strong assumptions, suggests that the HITC was responsible for about three-quarters (3.6 percentage points) of the total increase. The latter estimate implies a price elasticity of health insurance take-up of -0.42.

  18. 42 CFR 137.66 - May a Self-Governance Tribe keep interest earned on statutorily mandated grant funds?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false May a Self-Governance Tribe keep interest earned on...-GOVERNANCE Statutorily Mandated Grants § 137.66 May a Self-Governance Tribe keep interest earned on statutorily mandated grant funds? Yes, a Self-Governance Tribe may keep Interest Earned on...

  19. The Effect of the Social Security Earnings Test on Male Labor Supply: New Evidence from Survey and Administrative Data

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haider, Steven J.; Loughran, David S.

    2008-01-01

    Despite numerous empirical studies, there is surprisingly little agreement about whether the Social Security earnings test affects male labor supply. In this paper, we provide a comprehensive analysis of the labor supply effects of the earnings test using longitudinal administrative earnings data and more commonly used survey data. We find that…

  20. 29 CFR 870.10 - Maximum part of aggregate disposable earnings subject to garnishment under section 303(a).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Maximum part of aggregate disposable earnings subject to... individual's disposable earnings for a workweek or lesser period are more than $127.50, but less than $170.00... range computes to more than $114.00, but less than $152.00.) (3) For earnings payable on or after...

  1. 29 CFR 870.10 - Maximum part of aggregate disposable earnings subject to garnishment under section 303(a).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Maximum part of aggregate disposable earnings subject to... individual's disposable earnings for a workweek or lesser period are more than $127.50, but less than $170.00... range computes to more than $114.00, but less than $152.00.) (3) For earnings payable on or after...

  2. 26 CFR 1.1382-6 - Taxable income of cooperatives; treatment of earnings received after patronage occurred.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... earnings received after patronage occurred. 1.1382-6 Section 1.1382-6 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE...) Cooperatives and Their Patrons § 1.1382-6 Taxable income of cooperatives; treatment of earnings received after patronage occurred. If earnings derived from business done with or for patrons are includible in the...

  3. 26 CFR 1.1382-6 - Taxable income of cooperatives; treatment of earnings received after patronage occurred.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... earnings received after patronage occurred. 1.1382-6 Section 1.1382-6 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE... Patrons § 1.1382-6 Taxable income of cooperatives; treatment of earnings received after patronage occurred. If earnings derived from business done with or for patrons are includible in the gross income of...

  4. 26 CFR 1.1382-6 - Taxable income of cooperatives; treatment of earnings received after patronage occurred.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... earnings received after patronage occurred. 1.1382-6 Section 1.1382-6 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE...) Cooperatives and Their Patrons § 1.1382-6 Taxable income of cooperatives; treatment of earnings received after patronage occurred. If earnings derived from business done with or for patrons are includible in the...

  5. 26 CFR 1.1382-6 - Taxable income of cooperatives; treatment of earnings received after patronage occurred.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... earnings received after patronage occurred. 1.1382-6 Section 1.1382-6 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE...) Cooperatives and Their Patrons § 1.1382-6 Taxable income of cooperatives; treatment of earnings received after patronage occurred. If earnings derived from business done with or for patrons are includible in the...

  6. 26 CFR 1.1382-6 - Taxable income of cooperatives; treatment of earnings received after patronage occurred.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... earnings received after patronage occurred. 1.1382-6 Section 1.1382-6 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE...) Cooperatives and Their Patrons § 1.1382-6 Taxable income of cooperatives; treatment of earnings received after patronage occurred. If earnings derived from business done with or for patrons are includible in the...

  7. Gender Segregation in Fields of Study at Community Colleges and Implications for Future Earnings. Fact Sheet #C395

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moughari, Layla; Gunn-Wright, Rhiana; Gault, Barbara

    2012-01-01

    Postsecondary education yields myriad benefits, including increased earnings potential, higher lifetime wages, and access to quality jobs. But postsecondary degrees are not all equal in the benefits they bring to students, and women tend to obtain degrees in fields with lower earnings. Women with associate degrees earn approximately 75 percent of…

  8. 17 CFR 229.503 - (Item 503) Prospectus summary, risk factors, and ratio of earnings to fixed charges.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ..., risk factors, and ratio of earnings to fixed charges. 229.503 Section 229.503 Commodity and Securities... ratio of earnings to fixed charges. The registrant must furnish this information in plain English. See... into or exercisable for common equity securities. (d) Ratio of earnings to fixed charges. If...

  9. 17 CFR 229.503 - (Item 503) Prospectus summary, risk factors, and ratio of earnings to fixed charges.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ..., risk factors, and ratio of earnings to fixed charges. 229.503 Section 229.503 Commodity and Securities... ratio of earnings to fixed charges. The registrant must furnish this information in plain English. See... into or exercisable for common equity securities. (d) Ratio of earnings to fixed charges. If...

  10. Balancing trust and power: a qualitative study of GPs perceptions and strategies for retaining patients in preventive health checks

    PubMed Central

    Broholm-Jørgensen, Marie; Guassora, Ann Dorrit; Reventlow, Susanne; Dalton, Susanne Oksbjerg; Tjørnhøj-Thomsen, Tine

    2017-01-01

    Objective Little is known about how strategies of retaining patients are acted out by general practitioners (GPs) in the clinical encounter. With this study, we apply Grimens’ (2009) analytical connection between trust and power to explore how trust and power appear in preventive health checks from the GPs’ perspectives, and in what way trust and power affect and/or challenge strategies towards retaining patients without formal education. Design Data in this study were obtained through semi-structured interviews with GPs participating in an intervention project, as well as observations of clinical encounters. Results From the empirical data, we identified three dimensions of respect: respect for the patient’s autonomy, respect for professional authority and respect as a mutual exchange. A balance of respect influenced trust in the relationship between GP and patients and the transfer of power in the encounter. The GPs articulated that a balance was needed in preventive health checks in order to establish trust and thus retain the patient in the clinic. One way this balance of respect was carried out was with the use of humour. Conclusions To retain patients without formal education in the clinical encounter, the GPs balanced trust and power executed through three dimensions of respect. In this study, retaining patients was equivalent to maintaining a trusting relationship. A strategic use of the three dimensions of respect was applied to balance trust and power and thus build or maintain a trusting relationship with patients. Key points Little is known about how strategies for retaining patients are acted out by GPs in preventive health checks. Retaining patients requires a balance of trust and power, which is executed through three dimensions of respect by the GPs.Challenges of recruiting and retaining patients in public health initiatives might be associated with the balance of respect. PMID:28277053

  11. 25 CFR 1200.4 - May tribes exercise increased direction over their trust funds and retain the protections of...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 2 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false May tribes exercise increased direction over their trust funds and retain the protections of Federal trust status? 1200.4 Section 1200.4 Indians OFFICE OF THE... REFORM ACT General Provisions § 1200.4 May tribes exercise increased direction over their trust funds...

  12. 25 CFR 1200.4 - May tribes exercise increased direction over their trust funds and retain the protections of...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 2 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false May tribes exercise increased direction over their trust funds and retain the protections of Federal trust status? 1200.4 Section 1200.4 Indians OFFICE OF THE... REFORM ACT General Provisions § 1200.4 May tribes exercise increased direction over their trust funds...

  13. 25 CFR 1200.4 - May tribes exercise increased direction over their trust funds and retain the protections of...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false May tribes exercise increased direction over their trust funds and retain the protections of Federal trust status? 1200.4 Section 1200.4 Indians OFFICE OF THE... REFORM ACT General Provisions § 1200.4 May tribes exercise increased direction over their trust funds...

  14. 25 CFR 1200.4 - May tribes exercise increased direction over their trust funds and retain the protections of...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false May tribes exercise increased direction over their trust funds and retain the protections of Federal trust status? 1200.4 Section 1200.4 Indians OFFICE OF THE... REFORM ACT General Provisions § 1200.4 May tribes exercise increased direction over their trust funds...

  15. Predicting Long-Term College Success through Degree Completion Using ACT[R] Composite Score, ACT Benchmarks, and High School Grade Point Average. ACT Research Report Series, 2012 (5)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Radunzel, Justine; Noble, Julie

    2012-01-01

    This study compared the effectiveness of ACT[R] Composite score and high school grade point average (HSGPA) for predicting long-term college success. Outcomes included annual progress towards a degree (based on cumulative credit-bearing hours earned), degree completion, and cumulative grade point average (GPA) at 150% of normal time to degree…

  16. Employment and earnings trends during a period of regulatory reform in the United States electricity sector

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Niederjohn, Matthew Scott

    This paper examines trends in employment and earnings in the U.S. electricity sector during a period of regulatory reform. Econometric models are specified using a large data set of individual employees from the Current Population Survey. OLS earnings estimations find no evidence of an adverse effect on employee earnings during the period of regulatory reform, even after correction for sample selectivity bias using the Heckman two-step approach. In fact, earnings premiums in the electricity sector have increased over the period of regulatory reform. Probit models do find strong evidence that declines in the probability of electricity sector employment, for many occupations, have occurred during the regulatory reform period. These findings deviate significantly from other restructured industries, with the electricity sector being the first industry to show significant employment declines associated with regulatory reform. Using the Blinder-Oaxaca technique, earnings premiums are calculated for electricity sector employees by occupation. These earnings differential variables are found to have a significant negative impact on employment for a number of occupations. Lastly, a longitudinal analysis is used to examine the experiences of electricity sector workers who leave this industry for new employment. This longitudinal procedure allows for analyzing whether electricity sector earnings premiums depict a compensating differential. While the sample size for this analysis is small, an examination of the mean wages of the employees that made an industry change from the electricity sector suggest they continue to receive high earnings in their new positions. These findings suggest that electric utilities, either unable or unwilling to cut employee earnings, have chosen to become more competitive in a deregulated environment through employment actions.

  17. 40 CFR 98.437 - Records that must be retained.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Contained in Pre-Charged Equipment or Closed-Cell Foams § 98.437 Records that must be retained. (a) In... closed-cell foams must retain the following records substantiating each of the imports that they report... entry form. (4) Ports of entry through which the pre-charged equipment or closed-cell foams passed....

  18. 40 CFR 98.437 - Records that must be retained.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Contained in Pre-Charged Equipment or Closed-Cell Foams § 98.437 Records that must be retained. (a) In... closed-cell foams must retain the following records substantiating each of the imports that they report... entry form. (4) Ports of entry through which the pre-charged equipment or closed-cell foams passed....

  19. 30 CFR 47.55 - Retaining an MSDS.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Retaining an MSDS. 47.55 Section 47.55 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR EDUCATION AND TRAINING HAZARD COMMUNICATION (HazCom) Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) § 47.55 Retaining an MSDS. The operator must—...

  20. 30 CFR 47.55 - Retaining an MSDS.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Retaining an MSDS. 47.55 Section 47.55 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR EDUCATION AND TRAINING HAZARD COMMUNICATION (HazCom) Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) § 47.55 Retaining an MSDS. The operator must—...

  1. 30 CFR 47.55 - Retaining an MSDS.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Retaining an MSDS. 47.55 Section 47.55 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR EDUCATION AND TRAINING HAZARD COMMUNICATION (HazCom) Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) § 47.55 Retaining an MSDS. The operator must—...

  2. 30 CFR 47.55 - Retaining an MSDS.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Retaining an MSDS. 47.55 Section 47.55 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR EDUCATION AND TRAINING HAZARD COMMUNICATION (HazCom) Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) § 47.55 Retaining an MSDS. The operator must—...

  3. Detail of basaltic rock retaining walls just below top switchback. ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Detail of basaltic rock retaining walls just below top switchback. 500 ft long retaining wall at left, scale figure in distance, view south. - La Bajada Historic Trails and Roads, Approximately 1 mile East/Northeast of intersection of State Highway 16 and Indian Service Road 841, La Bajada, Santa Fe County, NM

  4. 40 CFR 98.87 - Records that must be retained.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 21 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Records that must be retained. 98.87 Section 98.87 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) MANDATORY GREENHOUSE GAS REPORTING Cement Production § 98.87 Records that must be retained....

  5. 40 CFR 98.87 - Records that must be retained.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 20 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Records that must be retained. 98.87 Section 98.87 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) MANDATORY GREENHOUSE GAS REPORTING Cement Production § 98.87 Records that must be retained....

  6. Tools for Success in Recruiting and Retaining Hispanic Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gilroy, Marilyn

    2010-01-01

    In this article, the author talks about strategies for success in recruiting and retaining Hispanic students. One strategy suggested by Raul Lorenzo, account director for Bauza & Associates, a Hispanic marketing agency that helps colleges and universities recruit and retain Hispanic students, is that institutions need to speak to the heart as well…

  7. EFFECTS OF AND PREFERENCE FOR CONDITIONS OF TOKEN EARN VERSUS TOKEN LOSS

    PubMed Central

    Donaldson, Jeanne M.; DeLeon, Iser G.; Kahng, SungWoo; Fisher, Alyssa B.

    2015-01-01

    The effects of earning and losing tokens on the disruptive behavior of 12 first-grade students were evaluated under symmetrical contingencies of earn and loss. Both contingencies produced decreases in disruptive behavior. For some participants, more consistent decreases were observed during the loss contingency. In addition, participants generally earned or kept more tokens during the loss contingency. When offered a choice of contingencies, most participants preferred the loss contingency. The results showed some consistency with behavioral economic principles of loss aversion and the endowment effect. PMID:24844817

  8. Hebrew language usage: determinants and effects on earnings among immigrants in Israel.

    PubMed

    Chiswick, B R

    1998-01-01

    "This paper uses the 1983 Census of Israel to analyze Hebrew speaking skills and the effects of Hebrew fluency on the earnings of adult male immigrants. Hebrew fluency increases with a longer duration in Israel, the presence of children in the household, marrying after immigration, living in an area in which a smaller proportion speak one's mother tongue, a younger age at migration, a higher level of schooling and varies by country of birth. Earnings increase monotonically with the use of Hebrew. Speaking English as a second language is associated with higher earnings, even when country of origin is held constant."

  9. Effects of and preference for conditions of token earn versus token loss.

    PubMed

    Donaldson, Jeanne M; DeLeon, Iser G; Fisher, Alyssa B; Kahng, SungWoo

    2014-01-01

    The effects of earning and losing tokens on the disruptive behavior of 12 first-grade students were evaluated under symmetrical contingencies of earn and loss. Both contingencies produced decreases in disruptive behavior. For some participants, more consistent decreases were observed during the loss contingency. In addition, participants generally earned or kept more tokens during the loss contingency. When offered a choice of contingencies, most participants preferred the loss contingency. The results showed some consistency with behavioral economic principles of loss aversion and the endowment effect.

  10. Thermally activated retainer means utilizing shape memory alloy

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Grimaldi, Margaret E. (Inventor); Hartz, Leslie S. (Inventor)

    1993-01-01

    A retainer member suitable for retaining a gap filler placed in gaps between adjacent tile members is presented. One edge of the retainer member may be attached to the gap filler and another edge may be provided with a plurality of tab members which in an intermediate position do not interfere with placement or removal of the gap filler between tile members. The retainer member may be fabricated from a shape memory alloy which when heated to a specified memory temperature will thermally activate the tab members to predetermined memory positions engaging the tile members to retain the gap filler in the gap. This invention has particular application to the thermal tiles on space vehicles such as the Space Shuttle Orbiter.

  11. Discrimination versus specialization: a survey of economic studies on sexual orientation, gender and earnings in the United States.

    PubMed

    Schmitt, Elizabeth Dunne

    2008-01-01

    Several studies examine the link between sexual orientation and earnings using large data sets that distinguish sexual orientation through questions about sexual behavior and/or by allowing respondents to self-identify as part of a same-sex cohabitating couple. After controlling for other earnings-related characteristics these studies generally show an earnings penalty for gay/bisexual men relative to heterosexual men and an earnings premium for lesbian/bisexual women relative to heterosexual women. Explanations for this gender disparity include gender differences in sexual orientation discrimination, greater labor force attachment for lesbian/bisexual women, and the effects of the overall gender earnings gap.

  12. Computation of the seismic stability of earth retaining structures

    SciTech Connect

    1998-07-30

    The purpose of this CRADA project was to evaluate the seismic stability of block retaining wall systems. Retaining wall systems are used extensively in private and commercial developments. This study was designed to develop and demonstrate a computer modeling technology to be used to predict the seismic stability of any block wall system design. The nonlinear finite element computer programs developed at LLNL and employed in the Computational Earthquake Initiative were utilized in this small business CRADA to analyze the seismic stability of the block retaining walls. The unique capability of the LLNL programs to rigorously model frictional contact in a dynamic analysis problem were used in a computer simulation of the dynamic interaction the block wall/soil systems under seismic excitation. Another important application, and the focus of the proposal, was the use of block retaining walls in highway transportation systems to provide a vertical wall to hold back a mass of soil near highway bridges, and at on-ramps and off-ramps. Block retaining walls offered the potential of highway retaining wall construction which was both more flexible and more economical than existing poured-in-place and tilt-up highway retaining wall construction. However, block retaining wall technology was not embraced and utilized in the State of California as a result of seismic stability concerns expressed by Caltrans. Caltrans had an interest in utilizing block wall systems as soil retaining systems for major highway structures in California, but they stated to the block wall manufacturers and the manufacturer's engineering consultants that block retaining walls could not be employed until Caltrans was convinced of the earthquake stability of such systems.

  13. A label-retaining but unipotent cell population resides in biliary compartment of mammalian liver

    PubMed Central

    Viil, Janeli; Klaas, Mariliis; Valter, Kadri; Belitškin, Denis; Ilmjärv, Sten; Jaks, Viljar

    2017-01-01

    Cells with slow proliferation kinetics that retain the nuclear label over long time periods–the label-retaining cells (LRCs)–represent multipotent stem cells in a number of adult tissues. Since the identity of liver LRCs (LLRCs) had remained elusive we utilized a genetic approach to reveal LLRCs in normal non-injured livers and characterized their regenerative properties in vivo and in culture. We found that LLRCs were located in biliary vessels and participated in the regeneration of biliary but not hepatocyte injury. In culture experiments the sorted LLRCs displayed an enhanced self-renewal capacity but a unipotent biliary differentiation potential. Transcriptome analysis revealed a unique set of tumorigenesis- and nervous system-related genes upregulated in LLRCs when compared to non-LRC cholangiocytes. We conclude that the LLRCs established during the normal morphogenesis of the liver do not represent a multipotent primitive somatic stem cell population but act as unipotent biliary progenitor cells. PMID:28084309

  14. 25 CFR 700.173 - Average net earnings of business or farm.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... PROCEDURES Moving and Related Expenses, Temporary Emergency Moves § 700.173 Average net earnings of business... displaced person who elects to receive a fixed payment in lieu of actual expenses incurred in moving...

  15. 25 CFR 700.173 - Average net earnings of business or farm.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... PROCEDURES Moving and Related Expenses, Temporary Emergency Moves § 700.173 Average net earnings of business... displaced person who elects to receive a fixed payment in lieu of actual expenses incurred in moving...

  16. 25 CFR 700.173 - Average net earnings of business or farm.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... PROCEDURES Moving and Related Expenses, Temporary Emergency Moves § 700.173 Average net earnings of business... displaced person who elects to receive a fixed payment in lieu of actual expenses incurred in moving...

  17. 25 CFR 700.173 - Average net earnings of business or farm.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... PROCEDURES Moving and Related Expenses, Temporary Emergency Moves § 700.173 Average net earnings of business... displaced person who elects to receive a fixed payment in lieu of actual expenses incurred in moving...

  18. 25 CFR 700.173 - Average net earnings of business or farm.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... PROCEDURES Moving and Related Expenses, Temporary Emergency Moves § 700.173 Average net earnings of business... displaced person who elects to receive a fixed payment in lieu of actual expenses incurred in moving...

  19. Stratification in a Dual Economy: A Sectoral Model of Earnings Determination.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beck, E.M.; And Others

    1978-01-01

    Examined in this paper is the importance of industrial sectors for the process of earnings determination. Findings indicate that there are significant differences in labor force composition and economic status between core and periphery industrial sectors. (Author/EB)

  20. When everyone goes to college: the causal effect of college expansion on earnings.

    PubMed

    Choi, Seongsoo

    2015-03-01

    In this study, we estimate the causal effect of college expansion on earnings using the example of South Korea in the 1990s where the college enrollment rate increased from just over thirty percent to over eighty percent over a fifteen years period. We compare the pre-expansion cohort and the post-expansion cohort in order to identify those who would attend college because of the expansion but would not attend otherwise (compliers). We, then, estimate compliers' earnings gain from the college expansion relative to the earnings changes of two control groups: those who either would or would not go to college regardless of college expansion (always-takers and never-takers). We find a striking gendered pattern; for men, the earnings return to college expansion is moderate and mostly driven by the increasing skill price, whereas, for women, the return is significantly large even net of the skill price change.

  1. 26 CFR 1.911-3 - Determination of amount of foreign earned income to be excluded.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... in any medium other than cash. Earned income does not include any portion of an amount paid by a... under section 119; (2) Received as a pension or annuity (including social security benefits); (3)...

  2. 26 CFR 1.911-3 - Determination of amount of foreign earned income to be excluded.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... in any medium other than cash. Earned income does not include any portion of an amount paid by a... under section 119; (2) Received as a pension or annuity (including social security benefits); (3)...

  3. 26 CFR 1.911-3 - Determination of amount of foreign earned income to be excluded.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... in any medium other than cash. Earned income does not include any portion of an amount paid by a... under section 119; (2) Received as a pension or annuity (including social security benefits); (3)...

  4. 48 CFR 52.234-2 - Notice of Earned Value Management System-Pre-Award IBR.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... proposed earned value management system (EVMS) complies with the EVMS guidelines in ANSI/EIA Standard - 748... offeror anticipates that the EVM system will be compliant with the ANSI/EIA Standard - 748 guidelines....

  5. 48 CFR 52.234-3 - Notice of Earned Value Management System-Post Award IBR.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... proposed earned value management system (EVMS) complies with the EVMS guidelines in ANSI/EIA Standard -748... offeror anticipates that the EVM system will be compliant with the ANSI/EIA Standard -748 guidelines....

  6. 48 CFR 52.234-3 - Notice of Earned Value Management System-Post Award IBR.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... proposed earned value management system (EVMS) complies with the EVMS guidelines in ANSI/EIA Standard -748... offeror anticipates that the EVM system will be compliant with the ANSI/EIA Standard -748 guidelines....

  7. 48 CFR 52.234-2 - Notice of Earned Value Management System-Pre-Award IBR.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... proposed earned value management system (EVMS) complies with the EVMS guidelines in ANSI/EIA Standard - 748... offeror anticipates that the EVM system will be compliant with the ANSI/EIA Standard - 748 guidelines....

  8. 48 CFR 52.234-3 - Notice of Earned Value Management System-Post Award IBR.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... proposed earned value management system (EVMS) complies with the EVMS guidelines in ANSI/EIA Standard -748... offeror anticipates that the EVM system will be compliant with the ANSI/EIA Standard -748 guidelines....

  9. 48 CFR 52.234-2 - Notice of Earned Value Management System-Pre-Award IBR.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... proposed earned value management system (EVMS) complies with the EVMS guidelines in ANSI/EIA Standard - 748... offeror anticipates that the EVM system will be compliant with the ANSI/EIA Standard - 748 guidelines....

  10. 48 CFR 52.234-2 - Notice of Earned Value Management System-Pre-Award IBR.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... proposed earned value management system (EVMS) complies with the EVMS guidelines in ANSI/EIA Standard - 748... offeror anticipates that the EVM system will be compliant with the ANSI/EIA Standard - 748 guidelines....

  11. 48 CFR 52.234-3 - Notice of Earned Value Management System-Post Award IBR.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... proposed earned value management system (EVMS) complies with the EVMS guidelines in ANSI/EIA Standard -748... offeror anticipates that the EVM system will be compliant with the ANSI/EIA Standard -748 guidelines....

  12. 48 CFR 52.234-3 - Notice of Earned Value Management System-Post Award IBR.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... proposed earned value management system (EVMS) complies with the EVMS guidelines in ANSI/EIA Standard -748... offeror anticipates that the EVM system will be compliant with the ANSI/EIA Standard -748 guidelines....

  13. Mortality differentials by lifetime earnings decile: implications for evaluations of proposed Social Security law changes.

    PubMed

    Waldron, Hilary

    2013-01-01

    To evaluate the distributional effects of some proposed Social Security law changes, such as an increase in Social Security's early entitlement age, retirement policy analysts typically tabulate the number of workers who fall below a predetermined threshold of hardship. Analysts using this technique often implicitly assume that the insured population falls neatly into a low-earnings poor health group and a remaining good health group. If the hardship threshold assumption is correct, there should be no difference in mortality risk between lifetime earnings deciles above a hardship threshold. This study finds that the hardship threshold model is overwhelmingly rejected in US Social Security data, a result consistent with similar studies conducted in Canada, Germany, and England. The bottom 80-95 percent of the male lifetime earnings distribution exhibits an inverse correlation with regard to mortality risk (the higher the earnings, the lower the mortality risk) at ages 63-71.

  14. The impact of changes in couples' earnings on married women's Social Security benefits.

    PubMed

    Butrica, Barbara A; Smith, Karen E

    2012-01-01

    Women's labor force participation and earnings dramatically increased after World War II. Those changes have important implications for women's Social Security benefits. This article uses the Social Security Administration's Modeling Income in the Near Term (version 6) to examine Social Security benefits for current and future beneficiary wives. The projections show that fewer wives in more recent birth cohorts will be eligible for auxiliary benefits as spouses because their earnings are too high. If their husbands die, however, most wives will still be eligible for survivor benefits because, despite the increase in their earnings over time, they still typically have lower earnings than their husbands. Even so, the share of wives who would be ineligible for widow benefits is projected to double between cohorts.

  15. The Persistence of Gender Earnings Inequality in Taiwan, 1978-1992.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zveglich, Joseph E., Jr.; And Others

    1997-01-01

    Despite rapid structural change in Taiwan, the gender earnings ratio between 1978-82 remained at 65%. Women's relative gains in education and experience were apparently offset by an increase in wage discrimination. (SK)

  16. A Formulation of the Earnings Function using the Concept of Occupational Investment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shaw, Kathryn L.

    1984-01-01

    In this study, occupational investment--the accumulation of skills acquired to work within an occupation--is demonstrated to be a more significant determinant of earnings growth than length of experience. (SK)

  17. Is Military Disability Compensation Adequate to Offset Civilian Earnings Losses from Service-Connected Disabilities?

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-01-01

    STD rates differed by industry, with high-tech industries having the highest rate at 95 percent and nonprofit services and gov- ernment having the...ability compensation exceeded earnings for a 40-percent rating by 47 percent ($6,696/$4,569) and for the highest rating group by 76 percent ($29,947...percent and 50–60 percent have higher earnings after initially leaving active duty than in subsequent years. LFP for the highest ratings are also higher

  18. The Growth of Protestantism in Brazil and Its Impact on Male Earnings, 1970–2000

    PubMed Central

    Potter, Joseph E.; Amaral, Ernesto F. L.; Woodberry, Robert D.

    2015-01-01

    Protestantism has expanded rapidly in Brazil in recent decades. The question we tackle in this paper is whether Protestantism has had a positive influence on male earnings in this setting, either through its influence on health and productivity, by way of social networks or employer favor and reduced discrimination, or through other mechanisms. We tackle the problem of the selectivity of religious conversion and affiliation using microdata from the Brazilian censuses of 1970, 1980, 1991, and 2000, and analyzing the association between Protestantism and earnings at the group rather than the individual level. Our results show a strong association between the proportion of Protestants in a region, and the earnings of men in one educational group: those with less than five years of education. Upon introducing race into our models, we found that the association between religion and the earnings of less educated men is concentrated in regions in which there is a substantial non-white population. The relationships we have uncovered contribute to the literature on racial inequality and discrimination in Brazil, which to date has given little space to the role of religion in moderating the pernicious effect of race on economic outcomes in Brazil. The substantial association we found between religion and earnings contrasts with much of the research that has been carried out on the influence of religion on earnings in the United States. PMID:26146415

  19. Acting Atoms.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Farin, Susan Archie

    1997-01-01

    Describes a fun game in which students act as electrons, protons, and neutrons. This activity is designed to help students develop a concrete understanding of the abstract concept of atomic structure. (DKM)

  20. 6. TERRACED, STONE RETAINING WALLS BEHIND HOUSE No. 16. VIEW ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    6. TERRACED, STONE RETAINING WALLS BEHIND HOUSE No. 16. VIEW TO WEST. - Rainbow Hydroelectric Facility, On north bank of Missouri River 2 miles Northeast of Great Falls, & end of Rainbow Dam Road, Great Falls, Cascade County, MT

  1. Elevation of Warrington Avenue Bridge and cut stone retaining wall ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Elevation of Warrington Avenue Bridge and cut stone retaining wall southbound on Warrington Avenue - Pittsburgh & Castle Shannon Railroad, Warrington Avenue Bridge, Overbrook Trolley Line, Crossing Warrington Avenue, Pittsburgh, Allegheny County, PA

  2. STONE RETAINING WALL IN CEMETERY CENTER, WITH BIVOUAC OF THE ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    STONE RETAINING WALL IN CEMETERY CENTER, WITH BIVOUAC OF THE DEAD PLAQUE IN CENTER FOREGROUND. VIEW TO SOUTHEAST. - Fort Mackinac Post Cemetery, Mackinac State Park, Mackinac Island, Mackinac County, MI

  3. 40 CFR 98.427 - Records that must be retained.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... of a facility containing production process units must retain quarterly records of captured or transferred CO2 streams and composition. (b) The owner or operator of a CO2 production well facility...

  4. 40 CFR 98.427 - Records that must be retained.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... of a facility containing production process units must retain quarterly records of captured or transferred CO2 streams and composition. (b) The owner or operator of a CO2 production well facility...

  5. 17. RETAINING WALL CRIBBING AND ROAD VIEW, LOOKING IN SOUTHWARD ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    17. RETAINING WALL CRIBBING AND ROAD VIEW, LOOKING IN SOUTHWARD DIRECTION OF TRAVEL BELOW DIAMOND PEAK. ROAD SIGN NOTES SWITCHBACK SEEN IN CA-270-14 TO CA-270-16. LOOKING ESE. - Lassen Park Road, Mineral, Tehama County, CA

  6. 25. VIEW TO EAST; SHOWS CURVE IN SOUTH RETAINING WALL ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    25. VIEW TO EAST; SHOWS CURVE IN SOUTH RETAINING WALL AND SIDEWALK ELECTROLIER ON ALISO STREET (Asano) - Los Angeles Union Passenger Terminal, Mail, Baggage, & Express Building, 800 North Alameda Street, Los Angeles, Los Angeles County, CA

  7. 36. VIEW TO NORTH; SOUTH RETAINING WALL AT TRACK LOCATION ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    36. VIEW TO NORTH; SOUTH RETAINING WALL AT TRACK LOCATION SHOWING ELECTROLIER (Asano) - Los Angeles Union Passenger Terminal, Mail, Baggage, & Express Building, 800 North Alameda Street, Los Angeles, Los Angeles County, CA

  8. 19. VIEW TO SOUTHEAST, NORTH SIDE RETAINING WALL; WEST FRONT ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    19. VIEW TO SOUTHEAST, NORTH SIDE RETAINING WALL; WEST FRONT MBE BUILDING, FIRST FLOOR (Dobson) - Los Angeles Union Passenger Terminal, Mail, Baggage, & Express Building, 800 North Alameda Street, Los Angeles, Los Angeles County, CA

  9. 24. VIEW TO NORTHEAST; OBLIQUE VIEW OF SOUTH RETAINING WALL ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    24. VIEW TO NORTHEAST; OBLIQUE VIEW OF SOUTH RETAINING WALL AND PARKING STRUCTURE BELOW REA LOADING DOCK (Asano) - Los Angeles Union Passenger Terminal, Mail, Baggage, & Express Building, 800 North Alameda Street, Los Angeles, Los Angeles County, CA

  10. 9. VIEW TO NORTH; SOUTH RETAINING WALL AND SOUTH FACADE ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    9. VIEW TO NORTH; SOUTH RETAINING WALL AND SOUTH FACADE OF MBE BUILDING (Asano) - Los Angeles Union Passenger Terminal, Mail, Baggage, & Express Building, 800 North Alameda Street, Los Angeles, Los Angeles County, CA

  11. 37. VIEW TO SOUTHEAST; DETAIL, SOUTH RETAINING WALL ELECTROLIER (Asano) ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    37. VIEW TO SOUTHEAST; DETAIL, SOUTH RETAINING WALL ELECTROLIER (Asano) - Los Angeles Union Passenger Terminal, Mail, Baggage, & Express Building, 800 North Alameda Street, Los Angeles, Los Angeles County, CA

  12. Percutaneous Retrieval of a Retained Jackson-Pratt Drain Fragment

    SciTech Connect

    Namyslowski, Jan; Halin, Neil J.; Greenfield, Alan J.

    1996-11-15

    A retained intraabdominal Jackson-Pratt drain fragment was percutaneously retrieved using an inflated angioplasty balloon that had been maneuvered inside of the drain lumen over a hydrophilic-coated steerable guidewire.

  13. 40 CFR 98.57 - Records that must be retained.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... (CONTINUED) MANDATORY GREENHOUSE GAS REPORTING Adipic Acid Production § 98.57 Records that must be retained... paragraphs (a) through (h) of this section at the facility level: (a) Annual adipic acid production...

  14. 4. CONSTRUCTION DETAIL, SW CORNER, SHOWING RETAINING WALL, BRIDGE WALL ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    4. CONSTRUCTION DETAIL, SW CORNER, SHOWING RETAINING WALL, BRIDGE WALL AND EROSION ON ROAD SURFACE. - Bridalveil Fall Bridge No. 3, Spanning Bridalveil Creek on carriage road, Yosemite Village, Mariposa County, CA

  15. 1. VIEW TO SOUTH (RETAINING WALL OF ORE RECEIVING PLATFORM ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. VIEW TO SOUTH (RETAINING WALL OF ORE RECEIVING PLATFORM TO LEFT). - Vanadium Corporation of America (VCA) Naturita Mill, Sampling Building & Ore Receiving Platform, 3 miles Northwest of Naturita, between Highway 141 & San Miguel River, Naturita, Montrose County, CO

  16. 40 CFR 98.167 - Records that must be retained.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... (CONTINUED) MANDATORY GREENHOUSE GAS REPORTING Hydrogen Production § 98.167 Records that must be retained. In...) through (b) of this section for each hydrogen production facility. (a) If a CEMS is used to measure...

  17. 40 CFR 98.167 - Records that must be retained.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... (CONTINUED) MANDATORY GREENHOUSE GAS REPORTING Hydrogen Production § 98.167 Records that must be retained. In...) through (b) of this section for each hydrogen production facility. (a) If a CEMS is used to measure...

  18. 40 CFR 98.167 - Records that must be retained.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... (CONTINUED) MANDATORY GREENHOUSE GAS REPORTING Hydrogen Production § 98.167 Records that must be retained. In...) through (b) of this section for each hydrogen production facility. (a) If a CEMS is used to measure...

  19. 40 CFR 98.167 - Records that must be retained.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... (CONTINUED) MANDATORY GREENHOUSE GAS REPORTING Hydrogen Production § 98.167 Records that must be retained. In...) through (b) of this section for each hydrogen production facility. (a) If a CEMS is used to measure...

  20. 14. DETAIL OF TRANSITION FROM WING WALL TO CONCRETE RETAINING ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    14. DETAIL OF TRANSITION FROM WING WALL TO CONCRETE RETAINING WALL AT SOUTHERN END OF DAM - Upper Doughty Dam, 200 feet west of Garden State Parkway, 1.7 miles west of Absecon, Egg Harbor City, Atlantic County, NJ

  1. Recruiting and Retaining Teachers for Richmond Public Schools: Partnership Efforts.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fox, Jill; Alder, Nora; Fitrer, Harold; McLeod, Alan

    2002-01-01

    Describes partnership efforts between the Richmond Public Schools, Virginia, and Virginia Commonwealth University that have focused on the needs of urban schools. Describes challenges that remain with regard to preparing teachers, mentoring beginning teachers, and retaining experienced teachers. (SLD)

  2. VIEW OF RETAINING WALL BEHIND FACILITY 532. VIEW FACING EAST ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    VIEW OF RETAINING WALL BEHIND FACILITY 532. VIEW FACING EAST - Camp H.M. Smith and Navy Public Works Center Manana Title VII (Capehart) Housing, Intersection of Acacia Road and Brich Circle, Pearl City, Honolulu County, HI

  3. 40 CFR 98.67 - Records that must be retained.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... (CONTINUED) MANDATORY GREENHOUSE GAS REPORTING Aluminum Production § 98.67 Records that must be retained. In... aluminum production in metric tons. (b) Type of smelter technology used. (c) The following...

  4. 40 CFR 98.67 - Records that must be retained.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... (CONTINUED) MANDATORY GREENHOUSE GAS REPORTING Aluminum Production § 98.67 Records that must be retained. In... aluminum production in metric tons. (b) Type of smelter technology used. (c) The following...

  5. 40 CFR 98.67 - Records that must be retained.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... (CONTINUED) MANDATORY GREENHOUSE GAS REPORTING Aluminum Production § 98.67 Records that must be retained. In... aluminum production in metric tons. (b) Type of smelter technology used. (c) The following...

  6. 40 CFR 98.67 - Records that must be retained.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... (CONTINUED) MANDATORY GREENHOUSE GAS REPORTING Aluminum Production § 98.67 Records that must be retained. In... aluminum production in metric tons. (b) Type of smelter technology used. (c) The following...

  7. 40 CFR 98.67 - Records that must be retained.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... (CONTINUED) MANDATORY GREENHOUSE GAS REPORTING Aluminum Production § 98.67 Records that must be retained. In... aluminum production in metric tons. (b) Type of smelter technology used. (c) The following...

  8. 40 CFR 98.387 - Records that must be retained.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... (CONTINUED) MANDATORY GREENHOUSE GAS REPORTING Suppliers of Coal-based Liquid Fuels § 98.387 Records that... to the appropriate coal-to-liquid product supplier (e.g., retaining copies of all reports...

  9. 11. EAST VIEW OF RETAINING WALL C ON NORTH SIDE ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    11. EAST VIEW OF RETAINING WALL C ON NORTH SIDE OF EASTBOUND TRAFFIC LANES, EAST OF HAMILTON AVENUE BRIDGE - Davison Freeway from M-10 to Oakland Avenue, Davison Freeway, M-10 to Highland Park, Highland Park, MI

  10. 9. Raven's roost overlook detail of the rusticated stone retaining ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    9. Raven's roost overlook detail of the rusticated stone retaining wall/railing and stone curbing. Facing west. - Blue Ridge Parkway, Between Shenandoah National Park & Great Smoky Mountains, Asheville, Buncombe County, NC

  11. RIVER AND ROAD VIEW SHOWING METAL CRIB RETAINING WALLS AT ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    RIVER AND ROAD VIEW SHOWING METAL CRIB RETAINING WALLS AT RIGHT, FACING SOUTHWEST. PHOTO IS TAKEN FROM SAME POSITION AS PHOTO NO. 84, BUT WITH LONG LENS - Generals Highway, Three Rivers, Tulare County, CA

  12. 40 CFR 98.77 - Records that must be retained.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... (CONTINUED) MANDATORY GREENHOUSE GAS REPORTING Ammonia Manufacturing § 98.77 Records that must be retained... paragraphs (a) and (b) of this section for each ammonia manufacturing unit. (a) If a CEMS is used to...

  13. 40 CFR 98.77 - Records that must be retained.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... (CONTINUED) MANDATORY GREENHOUSE GAS REPORTING Ammonia Manufacturing § 98.77 Records that must be retained... paragraphs (a) and (b) of this section for each ammonia manufacturing unit. (a) If a CEMS is used to...

  14. 40 CFR 98.77 - Records that must be retained.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... (CONTINUED) MANDATORY GREENHOUSE GAS REPORTING Ammonia Manufacturing § 98.77 Records that must be retained... paragraphs (a) and (b) of this section for each ammonia manufacturing unit. (a) If a CEMS is used to...

  15. 40 CFR 98.77 - Records that must be retained.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... (CONTINUED) MANDATORY GREENHOUSE GAS REPORTING Ammonia Manufacturing § 98.77 Records that must be retained... paragraphs (a) and (b) of this section for each ammonia manufacturing unit. (a) If a CEMS is used to...

  16. 40 CFR 98.77 - Records that must be retained.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... (CONTINUED) MANDATORY GREENHOUSE GAS REPORTING Ammonia Manufacturing § 98.77 Records that must be retained... paragraphs (a) and (b) of this section for each ammonia manufacturing unit. (a) If a CEMS is used to...

  17. 49 CFR 240.215 - Retaining information supporting determinations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... LOCOMOTIVE ENGINEERS Implementation of the Certification Process § 240.215 Retaining information supporting...) If a railroad relies on the use of a locomotive operations simulator to conduct the...

  18. STREET FRONT AND LAVA ROCK RETAINING WALL WITH ENTRY AWNING. ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    STREET FRONT AND LAVA ROCK RETAINING WALL WITH ENTRY AWNING. VIEW FACING NORTH-NORTHEAST. - U.S. Naval Base, Pearl Harbor, Naval Housing Area Makalapa, Senior Officers' Quarters Type A, 37 Makalapa Drive, Pearl City, Honolulu County, HI

  19. 40. RETAINING WALL CONSTRUCTION SHOWING PORTION OF COMPLETED WALL. BACKFILLING ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    40. RETAINING WALL CONSTRUCTION SHOWING PORTION OF COMPLETED WALL. BACKFILLING BY POWER SHOVEL IN PROGRESS. ZION NP NEGATIVE NO. 1490. PHOTOGRAPHER: PARKER, NO DATE - Zion-Mount Carmel Highway, Springdale, Washington County, UT

  20. BRICK RETAINING WALL AND STEPS AT FRONT YARD OF CROATAN, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    BRICK RETAINING WALL AND STEPS AT FRONT YARD OF CROATAN, VIEW TOWARD GARDEN, FACING NORTHEAST - Overhills, Fort Bragg Military Reservation, Approximately 15 miles NW of Fayetteville, Overhills, Harnett County, NC