Science.gov

Sample records for activity background information

  1. The effects of spontaneous activity, background noise, and the stimulus ensemble on information transfer in neurons.

    PubMed

    Chacron, Maurice J; Longtin, André; Maler, Leonard

    2003-11-01

    Information theory is playing an increasingly important role in the analysis of neural data as it can precisely quantify the reliability of stimulus-response functions. Estimating the mutual information between a neural spike train and a time varying stimulus is, however, not trivial in practice and requires assumptions about the specific computations being performed by the neuron under study. Consequently, estimates of the mutual information depend on these assumptions and their validity must be ascertained in the particular physiological context in which experiments are carried out. Here we compare results obtained using different information measures that make different assumptions about the neural code (i.e. the way information is being encoded and decoded) and the stimulus ensemble (i.e. the set of stimuli that the animal can encounter in nature). Our comparisons are carried out in the context of spontaneously active neurons. However, some of our results are also applicable to neurons that are not spontaneously active. We first show conditions under which a single stimulus provides a good sample of the entire stimulus ensemble. Furthermore, we use a recently introduced information measure that is based on the spontaneous activity of the neuron rather than on the stimulus ensemble. This measure is compared to the Shannon information and it is shown that the two differ only by a constant. This constant is shown to represent the information that the neuron's spontaneous activity transmits about the fact that no stimulus is present in the animal's environment. As a consequence, the mutual information measure based on spontaneous activity is easily applied to stimuli that mimic those seen in nature, as it does not require a priori knowledge of the stimulus ensemble. Finally, we consider the effect of noise in the animal's environment on information transmission about sensory stimuli. Our results show that, as expected, such 'background' noise will increase the

  2. 76 FR 67182 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Background Checks...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-31

    ... AGENCY EPA-HQ-OARM-2011-0803, EPA-HQ-OARM-2-11-0804; FRL-9484-8] Agency Information Collection Activities... for Contract Employees (Renewal) AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Notice... announces that EPA is planning to submit a request to renew two existing ] approved Information...

  3. Background Information for Educators

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    US Environmental Protection Agency, 2001

    2001-01-01

    Mercury is a naturally occurring and widely used element that can cause health and ecological problems when released to the environment through human activities. Though a national and even international issue, the health and environmental impacts of mercury are best understood when studied at the local level. "Mercury: An Educator's Toolkit"…

  4. 77 FR 10508 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Background Checks...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-22

    ... for Contractor Employees (Renewal) AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY....regulations.gov . Title: Background Checks for Contractor Employees. ICR numbers: EPA ICR No. 2159.05, OMB... EPA uses contractors to perform services throughout the nation with regard to...

  5. Activating Background Knowledge in Reading Comprehension Assessment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rowe, Deborah Wells; Rayford, Lawrence

    1987-01-01

    Indicates that a broad age range of students can use some purpose questions as cues to activate background knowledge. Suggest topic familiarity, amount of information presented, and the presence of genre clues as text features affecting schema activation. (NKA)

  6. Foreign Energy Company Competitiveness: Background information

    SciTech Connect

    Weimar, M.R.; Freund, K.A.; Roop, J.M.

    1994-10-01

    This report provides background information to the report Energy Company Competitiveness: Little to Do With Subsidies (DOE 1994). The main body of this publication consists of data uncovered during the course of research on this DOE report. This data pertains to major government energy policies in each country studied. This report also provides a summary of the DOE report. In October 1993, the Office of Energy Intelligence, US Department of Energy (formerly the Office of Foreign Intelligence), requested that Pacific Northwest Laboratory prepare a report addressing policies and actions used by foreign governments to enhance the competitiveness of their energy firms. Pacific Northwest Laboratory prepared the report Energy Company Competitiveness Little to Do With Subsidies (DOE 1994), which provided the analysis requested by DOE. An appendix was also prepared, which provided extensive background documentation to the analysis. Because of the length of the appendix, Pacific Northwest Laboratory decided to publish this information separately, as contained in this report.

  7. Background information on the SSC project

    SciTech Connect

    Warren, J.

    1991-10-01

    This report discusses the following information about the Superconducting Super Collider: Goals and milestones; civil construction; ring components; cryogenics; vacuum and cooling water systems; electrical power; instrumentation and control systems; and installation planning.

  8. Background Information Framework for the National Assessment of Educational Progress.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Assessment Governing Board, Washington, DC.

    This framework will define the purpose and scope of NAEP's system of collecting background information, including background questionnaires and other sources of non-cognitive data. It will establish criteria for reporting background information as part of the National Assessment. The approach it suggests provides for asking various groups of…

  9. Lewis Information Network (LINK): Background and overview

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Schulte, Roger R.

    1987-01-01

    The NASA Lewis Research Center supports many research facilities with many isolated buildings, including wind tunnels, test cells, and research laboratories. These facilities are all located on a 350 acre campus adjacent to the Cleveland Hopkins Airport. The function of NASA-Lewis is to do basic and applied research in all areas of aeronautics, fluid mechanics, materials and structures, space propulsion, and energy systems. These functions require a great variety of remote high speed, high volume data communications for computing and interactive graphic capabilities. In addition, new requirements for local distribution of intercenter video teleconferencing and data communications via satellite have developed. To address these and future communications requirements for the next 15 yrs, a project team was organized to design and implement a new high speed communication system that would handle both data and video information in a common lab-wide Local Area Network. The project team selected cable television broadband coaxial cable technology as the communications medium and first installation of in-ground cable began in the summer of 1980. The Lewis Information Network (LINK) became operational in August 1982 and has become the backbone of all data communications and video.

  10. Information routing driven by background chatter in a signaling network.

    PubMed

    Domedel-Puig, Núria; Rué, Pau; Pons, Antonio J; García-Ojalvo, Jordi

    2011-12-01

    Living systems are capable of processing multiple sources of information simultaneously. This is true even at the cellular level, where not only coexisting signals stimulate the cell, but also the presence of fluctuating conditions is significant. When information is received by a cell signaling network via one specific input, the existence of other stimuli can provide a background activity -or chatter- that may affect signal transmission through the network and, therefore, the response of the cell. Here we study the modulation of information processing by chatter in the signaling network of a human cell, specifically, in a Boolean model of the signal transduction network of a fibroblast. We observe that the level of external chatter shapes the response of the system to information carrying signals in a nontrivial manner, modulates the activity levels of the network outputs, and effectively determines the paths of information flow. Our results show that the interactions and node dynamics, far from being random, confer versatility to the signaling network and allow transitions between different information-processing scenarios.

  11. Background risk information to assist in risk management decision making

    SciTech Connect

    Hammonds, J.S.; Hoffman, F.O.; White, R.K.; Miller, D.B.

    1992-10-01

    The evaluation of the need for remedial activities at hazardous waste sites requires quantification of risks of adverse health effects to humans and the ecosystem resulting from the presence of chemical and radioactive substances at these sites. The health risks from exposure to these substances are in addition to risks encountered because of the virtually unavoidable exposure to naturally occurring chemicals and radioactive materials that are present in air, water, soil, building materials, and food products. To provide a frame of reference for interpreting risks quantified for hazardous waste sites, it is useful to identify the relative magnitude of risks of both a voluntary and involuntary nature that are ubiquitous throughout east Tennessee. In addition to discussing risks from the ubiquitous presence of background carcinogens in the east Tennessee environment, this report also presents risks resulting from common, everyday activities. Such information should, not be used to discount or trivialize risks from hazardous waste contamination, but rather, to create a sensitivity to general risk issues, thus providing a context for better interpretation of risk information.

  12. Canada's physical activity guides: background, process, and development.

    PubMed

    Sharratt, Michael T; Hearst, William E

    2007-01-01

    This historical background paper chronicles the major events leading to the development of Canada's physical activity guides (for children, youth, adults, and older adults). The paper outlines the process and the steps used, including information (where applicable) regarding national partners, project administration, Health Canada communications, product development, endorsement, distribution and implementation, collateral activities, media relations and evaluation framework. Brief summaries of the science that led to the recommended guidelines are included. The paper also summarizes the various physical activity guide assessment and evaluation projects and their findings, particularly as they relate to research carried out on Canada's physical activity guides for children and youth (and the associated support resources).

  13. Student Performance Standards and Testing Programs: Background Information for Legislators.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sutter, Joel A.; Rice, Elizabeth V.

    This report provides Minnesota legislators with background information on establishing state educational standards and periodic testing to measure student progress. Scientific management, the accountability movement, and the basic education movement were educational trends of the 1970's providing pressure on states to set standards to improve…

  14. Acquisition of background and technical information and class trip planning

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Mackinnon, R. M.; Wake, W. H.

    1981-01-01

    Instructors who are very familiar with a study area, as well as those who are not, find the field trip information acquisition and planning process speeded and made more effective by organizing it in stages. The stage follow a deductive progression: from the associated context region, to the study area, to the specific sample window sites, and from generalized background information on the study region to specific technical data on the environmental and human use systems to be interpreted at each site. On the class trip and in the follow up laboratory, the learning/interpretive process are at first deductive in applying previously learned information and skills to analysis of the study site, then inductive in reading and interpreting the landscape, imagery, and maps of the site, correlating them with information of other samples sites and building valid generalizations about the larger study area, its context region, and other (similar and/or contrasting) regions.

  15. Distant background information strongly affects lightness perception in dynamic displays.

    PubMed

    Pereverzeva, Maria; Murray, Scott O

    2009-02-25

    Lightness perception is strongly dependent on context, including the relative luminance of the adjacent surfaces, spatial configuration, and luminance contrast. The latter, local luminance contrast, is thought to be processed in relatively early stages of visual processing and has been shown to play a crucial role in lightness perception. However, more global processing, such as perceptual grouping of surfaces, can also have an effect on lightness perception. An unresolved question, which we will address in this paper, is how global and local processes interact. We used a static gray disk embedded in a temporally modulated in luminance ring, which gives rise to a lightness effect dependent on local luminance contrast. We manipulated global image information by presenting the stimulus on backgrounds of different luminances. Surprisingly, the induction effect was greatly attenuated at a background luminance equal to that of the disk. We show that this finding cannot be explained by common lightness induction models. However, it is consistent with an effect of grouping on lightness perception and demonstrates how processes that are dependent on local edge information can be overridden by global image information.

  16. Ohio White House Conference on Library and Information Services: Speak Out. Conference Background Information.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ohio State Library, Columbus.

    Developed as background material for the 1978 Ohio White House Conference on Library and Information Services, this document provides information in six areas of concern for Ohio libraries: (1) library and information services--library users, library collections, special user needs; (2) public awareness--definition, current status, suggestions for…

  17. Evaluation of active appearance models in varying background conditions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kowalski, Marek; Naruniec, Jacek

    2013-10-01

    In this paper we present an evaluation of the chosen versions of Active Appearance Models (AAM) in varying background conditions. Algorithms were tested on a subset of the CMU PIE database and chosen background im- ages. Our experiments prove, that the accuracy of those methods is strictly correlated with the used background, where the differences in the success rate differ even up to 50%.

  18. Background information on the He(3) nuclear gyroscope

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fairbank, W. M.; Taber, M.

    1983-02-01

    During the contract period the background necessary to proceed with the assembly and testing of the precision He(3) nuclear gyroscope was completed. This background work included experiments on He(3)-He(4) liquid and gas mixtures in a prototype apparatus which was modified to provide additional information useful to the He(3) gyroscope research program. The precision quartz He(3) gyroscope was designed, constructed and delivered during the period as were the components of the airlock and cryostat probe assembly. A new ultra-low magnetic field shield was made which achieved 2 x 10 to the 8th power/G over the volume necessary for the He(3)gyroscope. This not only exceeds the nominal requirements of the He(3) gyroscope, but is the lowest magnetic field region ever made. An engineering Ph.D thesis was completed by Captain Gerald Shaw, working with professor Daniel DeBra, on a theoretical analysis of the cross-axis response of a three-axis He(3) gyroscope and on kinematic rectification in a nuclear gyro.

  19. Background Subtraction Based on Color and Depth Using Active Sensors

    PubMed Central

    Fernandez-Sanchez, Enrique J.; Diaz, Javier; Ros, Eduardo

    2013-01-01

    Depth information has been used in computer vision for a wide variety of tasks. Since active range sensors are currently available at low cost, high-quality depth maps can be used as relevant input for many applications. Background subtraction and video segmentation algorithms can be improved by fusing depth and color inputs, which are complementary and allow one to solve many classic color segmentation issues. In this paper, we describe one fusion method to combine color and depth based on an advanced color-based algorithm. This technique has been evaluated by means of a complete dataset recorded with Microsoft Kinect, which enables comparison with the original method. The proposed method outperforms the others in almost every test, showing more robustness to illumination changes, shadows, reflections and camouflage. PMID:23857259

  20. Background Information on the Ethnic Chinese Refugees. General Information Series #22. Indochinese Refugee Education Guides.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    English Language Resource Center, Washington, DC.

    The purpose of this guide is to provide background information on the ethnic Chinese refugees from Vietnam, Cambodia, and Laos that will be of interest and use to educators working with these refugees. The guide consists of four sections: (1) a brief history of the Chinese communities in Southeast Asia; (2) a more detailed discussion of the…

  1. Background Information on the Very Long Baseline Array

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    , such as quasars, are affected by variations in the interstellar medium of the Milky Way. By measuring these effects with the VLBA, scientists are gaining valuable information about this tenuous component of our own Galaxy. Similar studies can tell about the distribution of hydrogen gas in our Galaxy. The great resolving power of the VLBA will allow astronomers to directly measure the distance to the Milky Way's center, some 30,000 light-years away, and has detected the tiny apparent shift in its position caused by our Solar System's motion around that center. The Solar System takes more than 200 million years to complete an orbit of the Galaxy's center, but the VLBA can detect that motion in less than a month! * Other Galaxies and Active Galactic Nuclei: The sharp radio "vision" of the VLBA has allowed scientists to study other galaxies in unprecedented detail. Numerous VLBA studies have focused on active galactic nuclei - the "monsters" at the hearts of many galaxies thought to harbor supermassive black holes at their cores. The black hole is thought to be surrounded by a rotating disk of material being sucked into it, and jets of subatomic particles accelerated to nearly the speed of light by the gravitational energy of the black hole. VLBA studies have given strong support to this "standard model" of an active galactic nucleus, showing the accretion disk in several such systems, and even measuring motions in one such disk. VLBA observations also have provided strong evidence that the material in the jets may be a mixture of matter and antimatter. * Cosmology: The VLBA's resolving power has allowed the farthest direct distance measurements yet made, of galaxies up to 23 million light- years away. Farther still, the VLBA is being used to study gravitational lenses in attempts to use such lens systems to accurately measure extremely great distances, and thus to refine estimates of the size and age of the universe. VLBA observations also are being used to detect

  2. Information visualization courses for students with a computer science background.

    PubMed

    Kerren, Andreas

    2013-01-01

    Linnaeus University offers two master's courses in information visualization for computer science students with programming experience. This article briefly describes the syllabi, exercises, and practices developed for these courses.

  3. Unexploded ordnance issues at Aberdeen Proving Ground: Background information

    SciTech Connect

    Rosenblatt, D.H.

    1996-11-01

    This document summarizes currently available information about the presence and significance of unexploded ordnance (UXO) in the two main areas of Aberdeen Proving Ground: Aberdeen Area and Edgewood Area. Known UXO in the land ranges of the Aberdeen Area consists entirely of conventional munitions. The Edgewood Area contains, in addition to conventional munitions, a significant quantity of chemical-munition UXO, which is reflected in the presence of chemical agent decomposition products in Edgewood Area ground-water samples. It may be concluded from current information that the UXO at Aberdeen Proving Ground has not adversely affected the environment through release of toxic substances to the public domain, especially not by water pathways, and is not likely to do so in the near future. Nevertheless, modest but periodic monitoring of groundwater and nearby surface waters would be a prudent policy.

  4. 42 CFR 82.0 - Background information on this part.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... AND HEALTH RESEARCH AND RELATED ACTIVITIES METHODS FOR CONDUCTING DOSE RECONSTRUCTION UNDER THE ENERGY... compensation may be provided are cancers. There are two categories of covered employees with cancer under... with cancer for whom a dose reconstruction must be conducted, as required under 20 CFR 30.115. (b)...

  5. 42 CFR 82.0 - Background information on this part.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... AND HEALTH RESEARCH AND RELATED ACTIVITIES METHODS FOR CONDUCTING DOSE RECONSTRUCTION UNDER THE ENERGY... compensation may be provided are cancers. There are two categories of covered employees with cancer under... with cancer for whom a dose reconstruction must be conducted, as required under 20 CFR 30.115. (b)...

  6. Automated band mapping in electrophoretic gel images using background information

    PubMed Central

    Zerr, Troy; Henikoff, Steven

    2005-01-01

    Some popular methods for polymorphism and mutation discovery involve ascertainment of novel bands by the examination of electrophoretic gel images. Although existing strategies for mapping bands work well for specific applications, such as DNA sequencing, these strategies are not well suited for novel band detection. Here, we describe a general strategy for band mapping that uses background banding patterns to facilitate lane calling and size calibration. We have implemented this strategy in GelBuddy, a user-friendly Java-based program for PC and Macintosh computers, which includes several utilities to assist discovery of mutations and polymorphisms. We demonstrate the use of GelBuddy in applications based on single-base mismatch cleavage of heteroduplexed PCR products. Use of software designed to facilitate novel band detection can significantly shorten the time needed for image analysis and data entry in a high-throughput setting. Furthermore, the interactive strategy implemented in GelBuddy has been successfully applied to DNA fingerprinting applications, such as AFLP. GelBuddy promises to make electrophoretic gel analysis a viable alternative to DNA resequencing for discovery of mutations and polymorphisms. PMID:15894797

  7. Social Security Administration's Master Earnings File: background information.

    PubMed

    Olsen, Anya; Hudson, Russell

    2009-01-01

    The Social Security Administration (SSA) receives reports of earnings for the U.S. working population each year. Earnings data are used to administer the Social Security programs and to conduct research on the populations served by those programs. The administrative needs of SSA and other agencies have changed over time and, as a result, there have been numerous changes to the main source of SSA's earnings data, which is known as the Master Earnings File (MEF). By documenting the history, content, limitations, complexities, and uses of the MEF (and data files derived from the MEF), this article serves as a resource for researchers who use earnings data to study work patterns and their implications. It is also a resource for policymakers and administrators who must understand the data used in administering current-law programs and the data available to inform potential changes to those programs.

  8. LANL-IPF responses to isotopes workshop background information survey

    SciTech Connect

    Nortier, Francois Meiring

    2008-01-01

    Responses to the following are provided: (A) Which isotopes do you (company, agency, university, community) currently use in your activities or distribute (repackage) to end-users? (B) Describe generally what these isotopes are used for, i.e. the science or application. (C) Which isotope(s) do you anticipate may have significant future increase in demand. Identify the isotope(s), its priority, possible chemical form and for what purpose it would be used. (D) Are there other isotopes that you might use but are currently unavilable or not available in difficient quantities? If so, please identify this isotope, from whom have you tired to obtain it and for what prupose would it be used. (E) Do you have any specific issues with respect to the purity, availability, reliability of supply, etc. of isotopes at present?

  9. Background activities, induction, and behavioral allocation in operant performance.

    PubMed

    Baum, William M; Davison, Michael

    2014-09-01

    In experiments on operant behavior, other activities, called "background" activities, compete with the operant activities. Herrnstein's (1970) formulation of the matching law included background reinforcers in the form of a parameter rO, but remained vague about the activities (BO) that produce rO. To gain more understanding, we analyzed data from three studies of performance with pairs of variable-interval schedules that changed frequently in the relative rate at which they produced food: Baum and Davison (2014), Belke and Heyman (1994), and Soto, McDowell, and Dallery (2005). Results sometimes deviated from the matching law, suggesting variation in rO. When rO was calculated from the matching equation, two results emerged: (a) rO is directly proportional to BO, as in a ratio schedule; and (b) rO and BO depend on the food rate, which is to say that BO consists of activities induced by food, as a phylogenetically important event. Other activities unrelated to food (BN ) correspond to Herrnstein's original conception of rO and may be included in the matching equation. A model based on Baum's (Baum, 2012) concepts of allocation, induction, and contingency explained the deviations from the matching law. In the model, operant activity B, BO, and BN competed unequally in the time allocation: B and BO both replaced BN , BO replaced lever pressing (Soto et al.), and key pecking replaced BO (Baum & Davison). Although the dependence of rO and BO on food rate changes Herrnstein's (1970) formulation, the model preserved the generalized matching law for operant activities by incorporating power-function induction.

  10. Background Information for the Nevada National Security Site Integrated Sampling Plan, Revision 0

    SciTech Connect

    Farnham, Irene; Marutzky, Sam

    2014-12-01

    This document describes the process followed to develop the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS) Integrated Sampling Plan (referred to herein as the Plan). It provides the Plan’s purpose and objectives, and briefly describes the Underground Test Area (UGTA) Activity, including the conceptual model and regulatory requirements as they pertain to groundwater sampling. Background information on other NNSS groundwater monitoring programs—the Routine Radiological Environmental Monitoring Plan (RREMP) and Community Environmental Monitoring Program (CEMP)—and their integration with the Plan are presented. Descriptions of the evaluations, comments, and responses of two Sampling Plan topical committees are also included.

  11. Information Activity in Serious Leisure

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hartel, Jenna; Cox, Andrew M.; Griffin, Brian L.

    2016-01-01

    Background: In the past decade, scholars of information science have started to conduct research on information behaviour in serious leisure. Presently, these studies lack common concepts and terms and empirical discoveries are not easy to assemble into theory. Aim: This conceptual and methodological paper surveys the aforementioned research area…

  12. Integrated Land Information System - a relevant step for development of information background for PEEX?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shvidenko, Anatoly; Schepaschenko, Dmitry; Baklanov, Alexander

    2014-05-01

    PEEX, as a long-term multidisciplinary integrated study, needs a systems design of a relevant information background. The idea of development of an Integrated Land Information System (ILIS) for the region as an initial step of future advanced integrated observing systems is considered as a promising way. The ILIS could serve (1) for introduction of a unified system of classification and quantification of environment, ecosystems and landscapes; (2) as a benchmark for tracing the dynamics of land use - land cover and ecosystems parameters, particularly for forests; (3) as a systems background for empirical assessment of indicators of an interest (e.g., components of biogeochemical cycles); (4) comparisons, harmonizing and mutual constraints of the results obtained by different methods; (5) for parameterization of surface fluxes for the 'atmosphere-land' system; (6) for use in divers models and for models' validation; (7) for downscaling of available information to a required scale; (8) for understanding of gradients for up-scaling of "point" data, etc. The ILIS is presented in form of multi-layer and multi-scale GIS that includes a hybrid land cover (HLC) by a definite date and corresponding legends and attributive databases. The HLC is based on relevant combination of a "multi" remote sensing concept that includes sensors of different type and resolution and ground data. The ILIS includes inter alia (1) general geographical and biophysical description of the territory (landscapes, soil, vegetation, hydrology, bioclimatic zones, permafrost etc.); (2) diverse datasets of measurements in situ; (3) sets of empirical and semi-empirical aggregation and auxiliary models, (4) data on different inventories and surveys (forest inventory, land account, results of forest monitoring); (5) spatial and temporal description of anthropogenic and natural disturbances; (5) climatic data with relevant temporal resolution etc. The ILIS should include only the data with known

  13. Information Gap Activities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cicekdag, Mehmet Ali

    1995-01-01

    Focuses on a real world technique used to teach language proficiency in the classroom. This method involves creating deliberate information and opinion gaps by administering pop quizzes and other communicative games and filling those gaps through cooperative action. Use of this technique generated heated discussion among students. (nine…

  14. Background magnetic fields during last three cycles of solar activity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Andryeyeva, O. A.; Stepanian, N. N.

    2008-07-01

    This paper describes our studies of evolution of the solar magnetic field with different sign and field strength in the range from -100 G to 100 G. The structure and evolution of large-scale magnetic fields on the Sun during the last 3 cycles of solar activity is investigated using magnetograph data from the Kitt Peak Solar Observatory. This analysis reveals two groups of the large-scale magnetic fields evolving differently during the cycles. The first group is represented by relatively weak background fields, and is best observed in the range of 3-10 Gauss. The second group is represented by stronger fields of 75-100 Gauss. The spatial and temporal properties of these groups are described and compared with the total magnetic flux. It is shown that the anomalous behaviour of the total flux during the last cycle can be found only in the second group

  15. Synaptic background activity influences spatiotemporal integration in single pyramidal cells.

    PubMed Central

    Bernander, O; Douglas, R J; Martin, K A; Koch, C

    1991-01-01

    The standard one-dimensional Rall cable model assumes that the electrotonic structure of neurons does not change in response to synaptic input. This model is used in a great number of both theoretical and anatomical-physiological structure-function studies. In particular, the membrane time constant, tau m, the somatic input resistance, Rin, and the electrotonic length are used to characterize single cells. However, these studies do not take into account that neurons are embedded in a network of spontaneously active cells. Synapses from these cells will contribute significantly to the membrane conductance, especially if recent evidence of very high specific membrane resistance, Rm = 100 k omega.cm2, is taken into account. We numerically simulated the electrical behavior of an anatomically reconstructed layer V cortical pyramidal cell receiving input from 4000 excitatory and 1000 inhibitory cells firing spontaneously at 0-7 Hz. We found that, over this range of synaptic background activity, tau m and Rin change by a factor of 10 (80-7 msec, 110-14 M omega) and the electrotonic length of the cell changes by a factor of 3. We show that this significantly changes the response of the cell to temporal desynchronized versus temporal synchronized synaptic input distributed throughout the neuron. Thus, the global activity of the network can control how individual cells perform spatial and temporal integration. PMID:1763072

  16. Status of the Simbol-X Background Simulation Activities

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tenzer, C.; Briel, U.; Bulgarelli, A.; Chipaux, R.; Claret, A.; Cusumano, G.; Dell'Orto, E.; Fioretti, V.; Foschini, L.; Hauf, S.; Kendziorra, E.; Kuster, M.; Laurent, P.; Tiengo, A.

    2009-05-01

    The Simbol-X background simulation group is working towards a simulation based background and mass model which can be used before and during the mission. Using the Geant4 toolkit, a Monte-Carlo code to simulate the detector background of the Simbol-X focal plane instrument has been developed with the aim to optimize the design of the instrument. Achieving an overall low instrument background has direct impact on the sensitivity of Simbol-X and thus will be crucial for the success of the mission. We present results of recent simulation studies concerning the shielding of the detectors with respect to the diffuse cosmic hard X-ray background and to the cosmic-ray proton induced background. Besides estimates of the level and spectral shape of the remaining background expected in the low and high energy detector, also anti-coincidence rates and resulting detector dead time predictions are discussed.

  17. Detection limit for activation measurements in ultralow background sites

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Trache, Livius; Chesneanu, D.; Margineanu, R.; Pantelica, A.; Ghita, D. G.; Burducea, I.; Straticiuc, M.; Tang, X. D.

    2014-09-01

    We used 12C +13C fusion at the beam energies E = 6, 7 and 8 MeV to determine the sensitivity and the limits of activation method measurements in ultralow background sites. A 13C beam of 0.5 μA from the 3 MV Tandem accelerator of the Horia Hulubei National Institute of Physics and Nuclear Engineering - IFIN HH impinged on thick graphite targets. After about 24 hrs of irradiation targets were measured in two different laboratories: one with a heavy shielded Ge detector in the institute (at the surface) and one located underground in the microBequerel laboratory, in the salt mine of Slanic-Prahova, Romania. The 1369- and 2754 keV peaks from 24Na deactivation were clearly observed in the γ-ray spectra obtained for acquisitions lasting a few hours, or a few days. Determination of the detection limit in evaluating the cross sections for the target irradiated at Ec . m = 3 MeV indicates the fact that it is possible to measure gamma spectrum in underground laboratory down to Ec . m = 2 . 6 MeV. Cleaning the spectra with beta-gamma coincidences and increasing beam intensity 20 times will take as further down. The measurements are motivated by the study of the 12 C +12 C reaction at astrophysical energies.

  18. Background risk information to assist in risk management decision making. Environmental Restoration Program

    SciTech Connect

    Hammonds, J.S.; Hoffman, F.O.; White, R.K.; Miller, D.B.

    1992-10-01

    The evaluation of the need for remedial activities at hazardous waste sites requires quantification of risks of adverse health effects to humans and the ecosystem resulting from the presence of chemical and radioactive substances at these sites. The health risks from exposure to these substances are in addition to risks encountered because of the virtually unavoidable exposure to naturally occurring chemicals and radioactive materials that are present in air, water, soil, building materials, and food products. To provide a frame of reference for interpreting risks quantified for hazardous waste sites, it is useful to identify the relative magnitude of risks of both a voluntary and involuntary nature that are ubiquitous throughout east Tennessee. In addition to discussing risks from the ubiquitous presence of background carcinogens in the east Tennessee environment, this report also presents risks resulting from common, everyday activities. Such information should, not be used to discount or trivialize risks from hazardous waste contamination, but rather, to create a sensitivity to general risk issues, thus providing a context for better interpretation of risk information.

  19. Students Seeking Access to Four-Year Institutions: Community College Transfers [Background Information].

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moore, Jamillah

    This publication provides background information for a hearing by the California Senate Select Committee on Higher Education and Outreach on December 3, 1997. The Introduction presents the Committee announcement, press release, agenda, information about transfer efforts in California, facts and figures about the community colleges, and the text of…

  20. Background Information on Crimes against Children Study. Information Memorandum 86-20.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haas, Shaun

    This document was prepared to assist the Wisconsin Legislative Council's Special Committee on Crimes Against Children in its study of current laws relating to crimes against children. It provides the background of the origin of the study and describes the characteristics of the Criminal Code, upon which much of the committee review will center.…

  1. Background information for programs to improve the energy efficiency of Northwest residential rental property

    SciTech Connect

    Hendrickson, P.L.

    1986-02-01

    This report was prepared for the Office of Conservation, Bonneville Power Administration. The report will be used by the Office as background information to support future analysis and implementation of electricity conservation programs for owners of residential rental housing in the Northwest. The principal objective of the study was to review market research information relating to attitudes and actions of Northwest rental housing owners and, to a lesser extent, tenants toward energy conservation and energy-efficiency improvements. Available market research data on these subjects were found to be quite limited. The most useful data were two surveys of Seattle rental housing owners conducted in late 1984 for Seattle City Light. Several other surveys provided supplemental market research information in selected areas. In addition to market research information, the report also includes background information on rental housing characteristics in the Northwest.

  2. Identification and summary characterization of materials potentially requiring vitrification: Background information

    SciTech Connect

    Croff, A.G.

    1996-05-13

    This document contains background information for the Workshop in general and the presentation entitled `Identification and Summary Characterization of Materials Potentially Requiring Vitrification` that was given during the first morning of the workshop. summary characteristics of 9 categories of US materials having some potential to be vitrified are given. This is followed by a 1-2 page elaborations for each of these 9 categories. References to more detailed information are included.

  3. The Cryogenic Dark Matter Search and Background Rejection with Event Position Information

    SciTech Connect

    Wang, Gensheng

    2005-01-01

    Evidence from observational cosmology and astrophysics indicates that about one third of the universe is matter, but that the known baryonic matter only contributes to the universe at 4%. A large fraction of the universe is cold and non-baryonic matter, which has important role in the universe structure formation and its evolution. The leading candidate for the non-baryonic dark matter is Weakly Interacting Massive Particles (WIMPs), which naturally occurs in the supersymmetry theory in particle physics. The Cryogenic Dark Matter Search (CDMS) experiment is searching for evidence of a WIMP interaction off an atomic nucleus in crystals of Ge and Si by measuring simultaneously the phonon energy and ionization energy of the interaction in the CDMS detectors. The WIMP interaction energy is from a few keV to tens of keV with a rate less than 0.1 events/kg/day. To reach the goal of WIMP detection, the CDMS experiment has been conducted in the Soudan mine with an active muon veto and multistage passive background shields. The CDMS detectors have a low energy threshold and background rejection capabilities based on ionization yield. However, betas from contamination and other radioactive sources produce surface interactions, which have low ionization yield, comparable to that of bulk nuclear interactions. The low-ionization surface electron recoils must be removed in the WIMP search data analysis. An emphasis of this thesis is on developing the method of the surface-interaction rejection using location information of the interactions, phonon energy distributions and phonon timing parameters. The result of the CDMS Soudan run118 92.3 live day WIMP search data analysis is presented, and represents the most sensitive search yet performed.

  4. Real-Time Active Cosmic Neutron Background Reduction Methods

    SciTech Connect

    Mukhopadhyay, Sanjoy; Maurer, Richard; Wolff, Ronald; Mitchell, Stephen; Guss, Paul

    2013-09-01

    Neutron counting using large arrays of pressurized 3He proportional counters from an aerial system or in a maritime environment suffers from the background counts from the primary cosmic neutrons and secondary neutrons caused by cosmic ray-induced mechanisms like spallation and charge-exchange reaction. This paper reports the work performed at the Remote Sensing Laboratory–Andrews (RSL-A) and results obtained when using two different methods to reduce the cosmic neutron background in real time. Both methods used shielding materials with a high concentration (up to 30% by weight) of neutron-absorbing materials, such as natural boron, to remove the low-energy neutron flux from the cosmic background as the first step of the background reduction process. Our first method was to design, prototype, and test an up-looking plastic scintillator (BC-400, manufactured by Saint Gobain Corporation) to tag the cosmic neutrons and then create a logic pulse of a fixed time duration (~120 μs) to block the data taken by the neutron counter (pressurized 3He tubes running in a proportional counter mode). The second method examined the time correlation between the arrival of two successive neutron signals to the counting array and calculated the excess of variance (Feynman variance Y2F)1 in the neutron count distribution from Poisson distribution. The dilution of this variance from cosmic background values ideally would signal the presence of man-made neutrons.2 The first method has been technically successful in tagging the neutrons in the cosmic-ray flux and preventing them from being counted in the 3He tube array by electronic veto—field measurement work shows the efficiency of the electronic veto counter to be about 87%. The second method has successfully derived an empirical relationship between the percentile non-cosmic component in a neutron flux and the Y2F of the measured neutron count distribution. By using shielding materials alone, approximately 55% of the neutron flux

  5. Technical background information for the environmental and safety report, Volume 4: White Oak Lake and Dam

    SciTech Connect

    Oakes, T.W.; Kelly, B.A.; Ohnesorge, W.F.; Eldridge, J.S.; Bird, J.C.; Shank, K.E.; Tsakeres, F.S.

    1982-03-01

    This report has been prepared to provide background information on White Oak Lake for the Oak Ridge National Laboratory Environmental and Safety Report. The paper presents the history of White Oak Dam and Lake and describes the hydrological conditions of the White Oak Creek watershed. Past and present sediment and water data are included; pathway analyses are described in detail.

  6. 29 CFR Appendix A to §§ 1605.2 and... - Background Information

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Background Information A Appendix A to §§ 1605.2 and 1605.3 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY COMMISSION GUIDELINES ON DISCRIMINATION BECAUSE OF RELIGION Selection practices. §§ 1605.2 &1605.3, App. A Appendix A...

  7. E-Mail Writing: Providing Background Information in the Core of Computer Assisted Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nazari, Behzad; Ninknejad, Sahar

    2015-01-01

    The present study highly supported the effective role of providing background information via email by the teacher to write e-mail by the students in learners' writing ability. A total number of 50 EFL advanced male students aged between 25 and 40 at different branches of Iran Language Institute in Tehran, Tehran. Through the placement test of…

  8. Background and Source Term Identification in Active Neutron Interrogation Methods

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-03-24

    low MeV neutron energy range, the increased numbers of neutrons from scattering ...reactions for low neutron energy . For U-235, low energy neutrons (thermal neutrons ) are more likely to cause fission than inelastic scattering or...manner. Active neutron interrogation is a sought after method for this since the resulting high energy gamma rays produced by inelastic scattering

  9. Smart active multiwave sensing with zero background amplitude modulated probes

    SciTech Connect

    Ruggiero, A.J.; Young, R.A.; Jelsma, L.

    1994-07-01

    Recently, a new approach to multi-wavelength remote sensing has been proposed based on the generation and detection of spectral ``pickets`` synthesized from the frequency filtered bandwidth of a modelocked laser. Using linear array liquid crystal spatial light modulator (SLM) technology for spectral filtering permits real time grey scale control of individual picket amplitudes and phases, making it possible to independently modulate picket characteristics in the kHz to MHz regime. Due to the versatility of this approach, a whole suite of spectroscopies based on detection techniques that are similar to conventional sideband spectroscopies can be implemented. These techniques not only inherit the S/N advantages of their conventional counterparts, they can also be easily extended to simultaneous multi-wavelength operation using frequency multiplex techniques and configured for real time adaptive data acquisition. We report the laboratory demonstration and theoretical development of a new class of zero background AM modulated spectroscopic probes for differential absorption measurements. Preliminary detection sensitivities on the order of 10{sup {minus}6} can be inferred from our measurements. Application of this technique to realistic remote sensing scenarios, advantages over other modulation and direct detection approaches, as well as the present limitations and theoretical limits to detection sensitivity will be discussed.

  10. 29 CFR Appendix A to §§ 1605.2 and... - Background Information

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 4 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Background Information A Appendix A to §§ 1605.2 and 1605... ON DISCRIMINATION BECAUSE OF RELIGION Selection practices. §§ 1605.2 &1605.3, App. A Appendix A to... employees or prospective employees unless to do so would create a “serious inconvenience to the conduct...

  11. Government Collection of Private Information: Background and Issues Related to the USA PATRIOT Act Reauthorization

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-12-23

    Issues Related to the USA PATRIOT Act Reauthorization Anna C. Henning, Coordinator Legislative Attorney Elizabeth B. Bazan Legislative Attorney...of Private Information: Background and Issues Related to the USA PATRIOT Act Reauthorization 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM...Congressional Research Service Summary Congress enacted the USA PATRIOT Act soon after the 9/11 terrorist attacks. The most controversial sections of

  12. Government Collection of Private Information: Background and Issues Related to the USA PATRIOT Act Reauthorization

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-03-02

    Issues Related to the USA PATRIOT Act Reauthorization Anna C. Henning, Coordinator Legislative Attorney Elizabeth B. Bazan Legislative Attorney...Information: Background and Issues Related to the USA PATRIOT Act Reauthorization 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6...Service Summary Congress enacted the USA PATRIOT Act soon after the 9/11 terrorist attacks. The most controversial sections of the act facilitate

  13. Government Collection of Private Information: Background and Issues Related to the USA PATRIOT Act Reauthorization

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-12-09

    Issues Related to the USA PATRIOT Act Reauthorization Anna C. Henning, Coordinator Legislative Attorney Elizabeth B. Bazan Legislative Attorney...Information: Background and Issues Related to the USA PATRIOT Act Reauthorization 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6...Research Service Summary Congress enacted the USA PATRIOT Act soon after the 9/11 terrorist attacks. The most controversial sections of the Act

  14. Population information activities in Hungary.

    PubMed

    Csahok, I

    1984-12-01

    The focal point for all population information activities in Hungary is the Central Statistical Office which is responsible for the organization and implementation of the decennial population censuses and of the intercensal population surveys and other data collection activities. The Central Statistical Office publishes a large volume of population information. The results of the censuses are presented partly in special census volumes and partly in statistical yearbooks. The Demographic Yearbook and other publications present results of population studies and Hungarian statistics. The Demographic Research Institute, which is part of the Central Statistical Office, is primarily responsible for research activity. The main task of the Institute is to study and analyze population processes and phenomena, as well as explore main demographic trends, carried out by using Hungarian and international demographic data. Demografia and serial publications present results of research activities of the Institute. The Library and Documentation Service, also part of the Central Statistical Office, provides conventional library services. Its main activity is the collection of both Hungarian and foreign and international official statistical publications, as well as theoretical and methodological works. Of a stock of 650,000 volumes covering a wide range of social and economic sciences, in addition to data material, the library has nearly 120,000 official statistical publications consisting mainly of population statistics and demographic data. Another activity of the Library is the processing and dissemination of documentation and it acts as a 2dary source of both Hungarian and foreign publications, especially on demography. The documentation consists of translating articles, book chapters or documents of international organizations, editing annotated bibliographies and disseminating custom-made, user-oriented profiles. This computerized information retrieval system uses Text

  15. A Neural Mechanism for Background Information-Gated Learning Based on Axonal-Dendritic Overlaps

    PubMed Central

    Mainetti, Matteo; Ascoli, Giorgio A.

    2015-01-01

    Experiencing certain events triggers the acquisition of new memories. Although necessary, however, actual experience is not sufficient for memory formation. One-trial learning is also gated by knowledge of appropriate background information to make sense of the experienced occurrence. Strong neurobiological evidence suggests that long-term memory storage involves formation of new synapses. On the short time scale, this form of structural plasticity requires that the axon of the pre-synaptic neuron be physically proximal to the dendrite of the post-synaptic neuron. We surmise that such “axonal-dendritic overlap” (ADO) constitutes the neural correlate of background information-gated (BIG) learning. The hypothesis is based on a fundamental neuroanatomical constraint: an axon must pass close to the dendrites that are near other neurons it contacts. The topographic organization of the mammalian cortex ensures that nearby neurons encode related information. Using neural network simulations, we demonstrate that ADO is a suitable mechanism for BIG learning. We model knowledge as associations between terms, concepts or indivisible units of thought via directed graphs. The simplest instantiation encodes each concept by single neurons. Results are then generalized to cell assemblies. The proposed mechanism results in learning real associations better than spurious co-occurrences, providing definitive cognitive advantages. PMID:25767887

  16. 75 FR 53982 - Proposed Information Collection Request of the ETA 207, Nonmonetary Determination Activities...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-02

    ... Employment and Training Administration Proposed Information Collection Request of the ETA 207, Nonmonetary... . SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: I. Background: The ETA 207 Report, Nonmonetary Determination Activities, contains... proposed extension collection of the ETA 207, Nonmonetary Determinations Activities Report. Comments...

  17. Psychological determinants of information searching activity.

    PubMed

    Gorunova, L

    2012-01-01

    The paper deals with the application of the activity theory in describing psychological determinants of the information searching activity. The notions of information behavior, information retrieval, information competence, information retrieval activity given in Russian and English scientific literature are compared. The research approach to the information retrieval activity based on the principles developed in the Russian theory of activity is described; and the fundamentals of G. Sukhodolsky's generalized conception of activity are presented for the first time. Analysis of empirical researches showed that specific features of information search depend on how the user evaluates information resources, information, conditions and results of search. Psychological determiners of information search may be detected as the system of evaluative alternatives, which is generated by the user during the process of his experience growth. We discovered that user's evaluation system is also related to his individual typological and personal regulative features and determines the choice of the search strategy.

  18. Information geometry with correlated data: Bayesian explorations of cosmological predictions for the microwave background radiation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Quinn, Katherine; de Bernardis, Francesco; Niemack, Michael; Sethna, James

    We developed a new, generalized fitting algorithm for miltiparameter models which incorporates varying and correlated errors. This was combined with geometrical methods of sampling to explore model prediction space, notably to plot geodesics and determine the size and edges of the model manifold. We illustrate this using the microwave background spectra for all possible universes, as described by the standard Λ-cold dark matter (Λ-CDM) cosmological model. In this case, the predicted data are fluctuations and highly correlated with varying errors, resulting in a manifold with a varying metric (as the natural metric to use is given by the Fisher information matrix). Furthermore, the model manifold shares the hyperribbon structure seen in other models, with the edges forming a strongly distorted image of a hypercube. Practical applications of such an analysis include optimizing experimental instrumentation designed to test more detailed cosmological theories. Funding supported in part by NSERC.

  19. 75 FR 70680 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Request for Information

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-18

    ... SECURITY U.S. Customs and Border Protection Agency Information Collection Activities: Request for Information AGENCY: U.S. Customs and Border Protection, Department of Homeland Security. ACTION: 60-Day Notice and request for comments; Extension of an existing collection of information: 1651-0023. SUMMARY:...

  20. What is the importance of abnormal "background" activity in seizure generation?

    PubMed

    Staba, Richard J; Worrell, Gregory A

    2014-01-01

    Investigations of interictal epileptiform spikes and seizures have played a central role in the study of epilepsy. The background EEG activity, however, has received less attention. In this chapter we discuss the characteristic features of the background activity of the brain when individuals are at rest and awake (resting wake) and during sleep. The characteristic rhythms of the background EEG are presented, and the presence of 1/f (β) behavior of the EEG power spectral density is discussed and its possible origin and functional significance. The interictal EEG findings of focal epilepsy and the impact of interictal epileptiform spikes on cognition are also discussed.

  1. 77 FR 5015 - Proposed Agency Information Collection Activities; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-01

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM Proposed Agency Information Collection Activities; Comment Request AGENCY: Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System. SUMMARY: Background. On June 15, 1984, the Office of Management and Budget...

  2. 75 FR 16120 - Proposed Agency Information Collection Activities; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-31

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM Proposed Agency Information Collection Activities; Comment Request AGENCY: Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System. SUMMARY: Background. On June 15, 1984, the Office of Management and Budget...

  3. Thin-shell bubbles and information loss problem in anti de Sitter background

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sasaki, Misao; Yeom, Dong-han

    2014-12-01

    We study the motion of thin-shell bubbles and their tunneling in anti de Sitter (AdS) background. We are interested in the case when the outside of a shell is a Schwarzschild-AdS space (false vacuum) and the inside of it is an AdS space with a lower vacuum energy (true vacuum). If a collapsing true vacuum bubble is created, classically it will form a Schwarzschild-AdS black hole. However, this collapsing bubble can tunnel to a bouncing bubble that moves out to spatial infinity. Then, although the classical causal structure of a collapsing true vacuum bubble has the singularity and the event horizon, quantum mechanically the wavefunction has support for a history without any singularity nor event horizon which is mediated by the non-perturbative, quantum tunneling effect. This may be regarded an explicit example that shows the unitarity of an asymptotic observer in AdS, while a classical observer who only follows the most probable history effectively lose information due to the formation of an event horizon.

  4. Internal combustion engines for alcohol motor fuels: a compilation of background technical information

    SciTech Connect

    Blaser, Richard

    1980-11-01

    This compilation, a draft training manual containing technical background information on internal combustion engines and alcohol motor fuel technologies, is presented in 3 parts. The first is a compilation of facts from the state of the art on internal combustion engine fuels and their characteristics and requisites and provides an overview of fuel sources, fuels technology and future projections for availability and alternatives. Part two compiles facts about alcohol chemistry, alcohol identification, production, and use, examines ethanol as spirit and as fuel, and provides an overview of modern evaluation of alcohols as motor fuels and of the characteristics of alcohol fuels. The final section compiles cross references on the handling and combustion of fuels for I.C. engines, presents basic evaluations of events leading to the use of alcohols as motor fuels, reviews current applications of alcohols as motor fuels, describes the formulation of alcohol fuels for engines and engine and fuel handling hardware modifications for using alcohol fuels, and introduces the multifuel engines concept. (LCL)

  5. 77 FR 32136 - Agency Information Collection Activities:

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-31

    ... of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed collection; comments requested; Notification to Fire Safety Authority of Storage of Explosive Materials... Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF) will be submitting the following information...

  6. 75 FR 5638 - Information Collection Activities

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-03

    ... Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration Information Collection Activities AGENCY: Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA), DOT. ACTION: Notice of information collection... Number/Type of Packagings.'' This notice announces OMB approval and extension until January 31, 2013...

  7. 78 FR 53172 - Agency Information Collection Activities

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-28

    ... NATIONAL INTELLIGENCE Agency Information Collection Activities AGENCY: Office of the Director of National Intelligence (ODNI). ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Whistleblower Protection Enhancement Act of 2012 (WPEA) was... Director of National Intelligence, Washington, DC 20511. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Section 10 of...

  8. Regulation of Persistent Activity by Background Inhibition in an In Vitro Model of a Cortical Microcircuit

    PubMed Central

    Fellous, Jean-Marc; Sejnowski, Terrence J.

    2010-01-01

    We combined in vitro intracellular recording from prefrontal cortical neurons with simulated synaptic activity of a layer 5 prefrontal microcircuit using a dynamic clamp. During simulated in vivo background conditions, the cell responded to a brief depolarization with a sequence of spikes that outlasted the depolarization, mimicking the activity of a cell recorded during the delay period of a working memory task in the behaving monkey. The onset of sustained activity depended on the number of action potentials elicited by the cue-like depolarization. Too few spikes failed to provide enough NMDA drive to elicit sustained reverberations; too many spikes activated a slow intrinsic hyperpolarization current that prevented spiking; an intermediate number of spikes produced sustained activity. When high dopamine levels were simulated by depolarizing the cell and by increasing the amount of NMDA current, the cell exhibited spontaneous ‘up-states’ that terminated by the activation of a slow intrinsic hyperpolarizing current. The firing rate during the delay period could be effectively modulated by the standard deviation of the inhibitory background synaptic noise without significant changes in the background firing rate before cue onset. These results suggest that the balance between fast feedback inhibition and slower AMPA and NMDA feedback excitation is critical in initiating persistent activity and that the maintenance of persistent activity may be regulated by the amount of correlated background inhibition. PMID:14576214

  9. 76 FR 3649 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Request for Information

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-20

    ... SECURITY U.S. Customs and Border Protection Agency Information Collection Activities: Request for Information AGENCY: U.S. Customs and Border Protection, Department of Homeland Security. ACTION: 30-Day notice.... Customs and Border Protection (CBP) of the Department of Homeland Security will be submitting...

  10. So What's It to Me? Sexual Assault Information for Guys: Activity Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stringer, Gayle M.; Rants-Rodriguez, Deanna

    This document is a group leader activity guide to accompany a sexual assault prevention program focusing on information for male teenagers. Background information, large group activities, comments for small group leaders, extension activities, activity sheets, and transparency masters are included for 15 group activities. These topics are covered…

  11. Activating Student Background Knowledge in a Take Charge Approach to Foreign Language Reading.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Young, Dolly J.

    1991-01-01

    Addresses the immediate needs of language teachers who want to develop their students' reading skills but have not been provided with the instructional information necessary to do so. It suggests a methodological sequence for using the students' background knowledge and strategy training for foreign language reading using authentic texts. (33…

  12. Masticatory Muscle Sleep Background EMG Activity is Elevated in Myofascial TMD Patients

    PubMed Central

    Raphael, Karen G.; Janal, Malvin N.; Sirois, David A.; Dubrovsky, Boris; Wigren, Pia E.; Klausner, Jack J.; Krieger, Ana C.; Lavigne, Gilles J.

    2013-01-01

    Despite theoretical speculation and strong clinical belief, recent research using laboratory polysomnographic (PSG) recording has provided new evidence that frequency of sleep bruxism (SB) masseter muscle events, including grinding or clenching of the teeth during sleep, is not increased for women with chronic myofascial temporomandibular disorder (TMD). The current case-control study compares a large sample of women suffering from chronic myofascial TMD (n=124) with a demographically matched control group without TMD (n=46) on sleep background electromyography (EMG) during a laboratory PSG study. Background EMG activity was measured as EMG root mean square (RMS) from the right masseter muscle after lights out. Sleep background EMG activity was defined as EMG RMS remaining after activity attributable to SB, other orofacial activity, other oromotor activity and movement artifacts were removed. Results indicated that median background EMG during these non SB-event periods was significantly higher (p<.01) for women with myofascial TMD (median=3.31 μV and mean=4.98 μV) than for control women (median=2.83 μV and mean=3.88 μV) with median activity in 72% of cases exceeding control activity. Moreover, for TMD cases, background EMG was positively associated and SB event-related EMG was negatively associated with pain intensity ratings (0–10 numerical scale) on post sleep waking. These data provide the foundation for a new focus on small, but persistent, elevations in sleep EMG activity over the course of the night as a mechanism of pain induction or maintenance. PMID:24237356

  13. 75 FR 66185 - Information Collection Activities

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-27

    ... Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration Information Collection Activities AGENCY: Pipeline... Information Collection Requests (ICR) abstracted below will be forwarded to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) for review and comments. The ICRs describe the nature of the information collections...

  14. Increased Background Activity in DMSA Scintigraphy of a Nonazotemic Patient With β-Thalassemia Major.

    PubMed

    Paschali, Anna; Tsiouris, Spyridon

    2016-09-01

    Renal DMSA uptake provides an index for evaluation of the functional tubular mass, which depends on the renal blood flow, proximal tubular cell membrane function, and urinary acid-base balance. We present a case of a nonazotemic 48-year-old adult with β-thalassemia major under regular blood transfusions and iron chelation therapy that underwent DMSA scan showing minor cortical abnormalities and high background activity, featuring prominent cardiac blood pool and liver uptake. This case highlights the pitfall of high background activity during DMSA study in patients with β-thalassemia major due to tubular disorders.

  15. 77 FR 21992 - Proposed Renewal of Information Collection: Applicant Background Survey

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-12

    ... backgrounds, cultures, and experiences. A diverse workforce enables the DOI to provide a measure of... organizational group. The records of those applicants not selected are destroyed in accordance with DOI's...

  16. 76 FR 69287 - National Instant Criminal Background Check System Section Agency Information Collection...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-08

    ...) Brochure ACTION: 60-Day Notice of Information Collection Under Review. The Department of Justice (DOJ) FBI... Sherry L. Kuneff, Management and Program Analyst, FBI, Criminal Justice Information Services Division... Information Services (CJIS) Division of the FBI, Department of Justice (DOJ). (4) Affected Public who will...

  17. Decoupling of stretch reflex and background muscle activity during anticipatory postural adjustments in humans.

    PubMed

    Vedula, Siddharth; Kearney, Robert E; Wagner, Ross; Stapley, Paul J

    2010-08-01

    We studied the evolution of stretch reflexes in relation to background electromyographic (EMG) activity in the soleus muscle preceding the onset of voluntary arm raise movements. Our objective was to investigate if changes in reflex EMG and muscle activity occur simultaneously and are similarly scaled in amplitude. Ten human subjects stood with each foot on pedals able to exert short dorsiflexor pulses during stance. Subjects were asked to product consistent voluntary arm raise movements to a target upon a visual cue. In (1/4) of trials, no pulse perturbations were given, but in the remaining (3/4)'s of all trials pulses were given randomly during a 600-ms period, from 400 ms before until 200 ms after the onset of the movements. Perturbation trials were sorted into 20-ms bins post hoc, and the amplitude of the reflex EMG component was calculated and compared to the EMG activity obtained when no pulses were given. Results showed that despite exhibiting similar profiles over time, the background EMG consistently inhibited before the reflex EMG did. However, times of reactivation (rebound) were variable across subjects, with background EMG activating before reflex for some subjects and vice versa for others. The minimum values of inhibition, time of inhibition and time of rebound for background and reflex EMG measures did not show significant linear correlations when all subjects' data were considered. These results suggest that reflex and background EMG components of anticipatory postural adjustments evolve differently in time and amplitude. This has implications for the independent control of reflexes and voluntary muscle activity.

  18. Making background work visible: opportunities to address patient information needs in the hospital

    PubMed Central

    Kendall, Logan; Mishra, Sonali R.; Pollack, Ari; Aaronson, Barry; Pratt, Wanda

    2015-01-01

    Despite growing use of patient-facing technologies such as patient portals to address information needs for outpatients, we understand little about how patients manage information and use information technologies in an inpatient context. Based on hospital observations and responses to an online questionnaire from previously hospitalized patients and caregivers, we describe information workspace that patients have available to them in the hospital and the information items that patients and caregivers rate as important and difficult to access or manage while hospitalized. We found that patients and caregivers desired information—such as the plan of care and the schedule of activities—that is difficult to access as needed in a hospital setting. Within this study, we describe the various tools and approaches that patients and caregivers use to help monitor their care as well as illuminate gaps in information needs not typically captured by traditional patient portals. PMID:26958295

  19. 76 FR 73775 - Information Collection Activities

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-29

    .... Frequency of collection: On occasion. Title: Hazardous Materials Security Plans. OMB Control Number: 2137... Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration Information Collection Activities AGENCY: Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA), DOT. ACTION: Notice and request for...

  20. 78 FR 962 - Agency Information Collection Activities

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-07

    ... NATIONAL INTELLIGENCE Agency Information Collection Activities AGENCY: Office of the Director of National Intelligence (ODNI). ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: In December 2011, the ODNI accepted responsibility from the... Intelligence (DNI) as Security Executive Agent. Accordingly, ODNI is giving public notice regarding...

  1. Background for Builders--Related Science and Trade Information for the Building Trades.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lucas, Joseph

    Primarily intended for instructors but also useful to students, this guide provides a set of lessons (interlaced with humorous phrases and cartoons) for teaching fundamental information for the building trades. Each lesson contains objectives, related information, and a review or summary. Unit I is a brief, humorous message to the student on the…

  2. Decreased activity with increased background network efficiency in amnestic MCI during a visuospatial working memory task.

    PubMed

    Lou, Wutao; Shi, Lin; Wang, Defeng; Tam, Cindy W C; Chu, Winnie C W; Mok, Vincent C T; Cheng, Sheung-Tak; Lam, Linda C W

    2015-09-01

    Recent studies have demonstrated the working memory impairment in patients with amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI). However, the neurophysiological basis of the working memory deficit in aMCI is poorly understood. The aim of this study was to explore the abnormal activity during encoding and recognition procedures, as well as the reorganization of the background network maintaining the working memory state in aMCI. Using event-related fMRI during a visuospatial working memory task with three recognition difficulty levels, the task-related activations and network efficiency of the background network in 17 aMCI patients and 19 matched controls were investigated. Compared with cognitively healthy controls, patients with aMCI showed significantly decreased activity in the frontal and visual cortices during the encoding phase, while during the recognition phase, decreased activity was detected in the frontal, parietal, and visual regions. In addition, increased local efficiency was also observed in the background network of patients with aMCI. The results suggest patients with aMCI showed impaired encoding and recognition functions during the visuospatial working memory task, and may pay more effort to maintain the cognitive state. This study extends our understanding of the impaired working memory function in aMCI and provides a new perspective to investigate the compensatory mechanism in aMCI.

  3. 77 FR 31017 - Office of Facilities Management and Program Services; Information Collection; Background...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-24

    ... a Basic National Agency Check Criminal History, GSA Form 176; and 2. Two sets of fingerprints on FBI Fingerprint Cards, for FD-258. This is not a request to collect new information, this is a request to...

  4. Very low luminosity active galaxies and the X-ray background

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Elvis, M.; Soltan, A.; Keel, W. C.

    1984-01-01

    The properties of very low luminosity active galactic nuclei are not well studied, and, in particular, their possible contribution to the diffuse X-ray background is not known. In the present investigation, an X-ray luminosity function for the range from 10 to the 39th to 10 to the 42.5th ergs/s is constructed. The obtained X-ray luminosity function is integrated to estimate the contribution of these very low luminosity active galaxies to the diffuse X-ray background. The construction of the X-ray luminosity function is based on data obtained by Keel (1983) and some simple assumptions about optical and X-ray properties.

  5. Physical activity information seeking and advertising recall.

    PubMed

    Berry, Tanya R; Spence, John C; Plotnikoff, Ronald C; Bauman, Adrian

    2011-04-01

    The purposes of this research were to examine the characteristics of those who look for physical activity-related information, where they find it, and to examine what types of physical activity-related advertisements are recalled (i.e., publicly funded or commercial). These purposes were tested using secondary data analyses from two population health surveys. Results from the first survey (n=1211) showed gender, age, education, and activity-level differences in who is more likely to search for physical activity-related information. Adding the goal of being active into the model made age and activity level no longer significant but gender and education remained significant factors. The Internet was the most often cited source of physical activity information. The second survey (n=1600) showed that adults 55 years of age or older and participants with the least amount of education were more than twice as likely to name commercial advertisements than were participants aged 18-54 years or those with more education. These results help further our understanding of how publicly funded promotional campaigns fare against commercial advertising and also highlight the need to understand physical activity information-seeking behavior on the Internet and its implications for health promotion.

  6. 77 FR 41999 - Proposed Renewal of Information Collection: OMB Control Number 1091-0001, Applicant Background...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-17

    ..., Office of Management and Budget, Attention: Department of the Interior Desk Officer (1091-0001). Also... reporting and record keeping burden: Average reporting burden per application: 1 minute. Total annual... automated collection techniques or other forms of information technology. Burden means the total...

  7. Traceability information carriers. The technology backgrounds and consumers' perceptions of the technological solutions.

    PubMed

    Chrysochou, Polymeros; Chryssochoidis, George; Kehagia, Olga

    2009-12-01

    The implementation of traceability in the food supply chain has reinforced adoption of technologies with the ability to track forward and trace back product-related information. Based on the premise that these technologies can be used as a means to provide product-related information to consumers, this paper explores the perceived benefits and drawbacks of such technologies. The aim is to identify factors that influence consumers' perceptions of such technologies, and furthermore to advise the agri-food business on issues that they should consider prior to the implementation of such technologies in their production lines. For the purposes of the study, a focus group study was conducted across 12 European countries, while a set of four different technologies used as a means to provide traceability information to consumers was the focal point of the discussions in each focus group. Results show that the amount of and confidence in the information provided, perceived levels of convenience, impact on product quality and safety, impact on consumers' health and the environment, and potential consequences on ethical and privacy liberties constitute important factors influencing consumers' perceptions of technologies that provide traceability.

  8. Financial Information Source, Knowledge, and Practices of College Students from Diverse Backgrounds

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mimura, Yoko; Koonce, Joan; Plunkett, Scott W.; Pleskus, Lindsey

    2015-01-01

    Using cross-sectional data, we examined the financial information sources, financial knowledge, and financial practices of young adults, many of whom are first generation college students, ethnic minorities, and immigrants or children of immigrants. Participants (n = 1,249) were undergraduate students at a large regional comprehensive university.…

  9. Transmission of information in active networks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Baptista, M. S.; Kurths, J.

    2008-02-01

    Shannon’s capacity theorem is the main concept behind the theory of communication. It says that if the amount of information contained in a signal is smaller than the channel capacity of a physical media of communication, it can be transmitted with arbitrarily small probability of error. This theorem is usually applicable to ideal channels of communication in which the information to be transmitted does not alter the passive characteristics of the channel that basically tries to reproduce the source of information. For an active channel, a network formed by elements that are dynamical systems (such as neurons, chaotic or periodic oscillators), it is unclear if such theorem is applicable, once an active channel can adapt to the input of a signal, altering its capacity. To shed light into this matter, we show, among other results, how to calculate the information capacity of an active channel of communication. Then, we show that the channel capacity depends on whether the active channel is self-excitable or not and that, contrary to a current belief, desynchronization can provide an environment in which large amounts of information can be transmitted in a channel that is self-excitable. An interesting case of a self-excitable active channel is a network of electrically connected Hindmarsh-Rose chaotic neurons.

  10. Are racial differences in patient-physician cancer communication and information explained by background, predisposing, and enabling factors?

    PubMed Central

    Manfredi, Clara; Kaiser, Karen; Matthews, Alicia K.; Johnson, Timothy P.

    2009-01-01

    Research shows that African Americans tend to have poorer and less informative patient-physician communication than Whites. We analyzed survey data from 248 African American and 244 White cancer patients to examine whether this disadvantage could be explained by race variability on several other variables commonly reported to affect communication. These variables were organized into background, enabling, and predisposing factors, based on the Precede-Proceed Model. Multivariate regressions were used to test whether race differences on communication and information variables persisted after successively controlling for background, enabling and predisposing factors. African American patients had higher interpersonal communication barriers than Whites, but this difference did not persist after controlling for background factors. African Americans also had higher unmet information needs and were less likely to receive the name of a cancer expert. These differences persisted controlling for all other factors. Future research should focus on the informational disadvantages of African American patients and how such disadvantages may affect cancer treatment decisions. PMID:20432108

  11. Accident Generated Particulate Materials and Their Characteristics -- A Review of Background Information

    SciTech Connect

    Sutter, S. L.

    1982-05-01

    Safety assessments and environmental impact statements for nuclear fuel cycle facilities require an estimate of the amount of radioactive particulate material initially airborne (source term) during accidents. Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) has surveyed the literature, gathering information on the amount and size of these particles that has been developed from limited experimental work, measurements made from operational accidents, and known aerosol behavior. Information useful for calculating both liquid and powder source terms is compiled in this report. Potential aerosol generating events discussed are spills, resuspension, aerodynamic entrainment, explosions and pressurized releases, comminution, and airborne chemical reactions. A discussion of liquid behavior in sprays, sparging, evaporation, and condensation as applied to accident situations is also included.

  12. Estimation of Organ Activity using Four Different Methods of Background Correction in Conjugate View Method

    PubMed Central

    Shanei, Ahmad; Afshin, Maryam; Moslehi, Masoud; Rastaghi, Sedighe

    2015-01-01

    To make an accurate estimation of the uptake of radioactivity in an organ using the conjugate view method, corrections of physical factors, such as background activity, scatter, and attenuation are needed. The aim of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of four different methods for background correction in activity quantification of the heart in myocardial perfusion scans. The organ activity was calculated using the conjugate view method. A number of 22 healthy volunteers were injected with 17–19 mCi of 99mTc-methoxy-isobutyl-isonitrile (MIBI) at rest or during exercise. Images were obtained by a dual-headed gamma camera. Four methods for background correction were applied: (1) Conventional correction (referred to as the Gates' method), (2) Buijs method, (3) BgdA subtraction, (4) BgdB subtraction. To evaluate the accuracy of these methods, the results of the calculations using the above-mentioned methods were compared with the reference results. The calculated uptake in the heart using conventional method, Buijs method, BgdA subtraction, and BgdB subtraction methods was 1.4 ± 0.7% (P < 0.05), 2.6 ± 0.6% (P < 0.05), 1.3 ± 0.5% (P < 0.05), and 0.8 ± 0.3% (P < 0.05) of injected dose (I.D) at rest and 1.8 ± 0.6% (P > 0.05), 3.1 ± 0.8% (P > 0.05), 1.9 ± 0.8% (P < 0.05), and 1.2 ± 0.5% (P < 0.05) of I.D, during exercise. The mean estimated myocardial uptake of 99mTc-MIBI was dependent on the correction method used. Comparison among the four different methods of background activity correction applied in this study showed that the Buijs method was the most suitable method for background correction in myocardial perfusion scan. PMID:26955568

  13. Estimation of Organ Activity using Four Different Methods of Background Correction in Conjugate View Method.

    PubMed

    Shanei, Ahmad; Afshin, Maryam; Moslehi, Masoud; Rastaghi, Sedighe

    2015-01-01

    To make an accurate estimation of the uptake of radioactivity in an organ using the conjugate view method, corrections of physical factors, such as background activity, scatter, and attenuation are needed. The aim of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of four different methods for background correction in activity quantification of the heart in myocardial perfusion scans. The organ activity was calculated using the conjugate view method. A number of 22 healthy volunteers were injected with 17-19 mCi of (99m)Tc-methoxy-isobutyl-isonitrile (MIBI) at rest or during exercise. Images were obtained by a dual-headed gamma camera. Four methods for background correction were applied: (1) Conventional correction (referred to as the Gates' method), (2) Buijs method, (3) BgdA subtraction, (4) BgdB subtraction. To evaluate the accuracy of these methods, the results of the calculations using the above-mentioned methods were compared with the reference results. The calculated uptake in the heart using conventional method, Buijs method, BgdA subtraction, and BgdB subtraction methods was 1.4 ± 0.7% (P < 0.05), 2.6 ± 0.6% (P < 0.05), 1.3 ± 0.5% (P < 0.05), and 0.8 ± 0.3% (P < 0.05) of injected dose (I.D) at rest and 1.8 ± 0.6% (P > 0.05), 3.1 ± 0.8% (P > 0.05), 1.9 ± 0.8% (P < 0.05), and 1.2 ± 0.5% (P < 0.05) of I.D, during exercise. The mean estimated myocardial uptake of (99m)Tc-MIBI was dependent on the correction method used. Comparison among the four different methods of background activity correction applied in this study showed that the Buijs method was the most suitable method for background correction in myocardial perfusion scan.

  14. Automatic classification of background EEG activity in healthy and sick neonates

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Löfhede, Johan; Thordstein, Magnus; Löfgren, Nils; Flisberg, Anders; Rosa-Zurera, Manuel; Kjellmer, Ingemar; Lindecrantz, Kaj

    2010-02-01

    The overall aim of our research is to develop methods for a monitoring system to be used at neonatal intensive care units. When monitoring a baby, a range of different types of background activity needs to be considered. In this work, we have developed a scheme for automatic classification of background EEG activity in newborn babies. EEG from six full-term babies who were displaying a burst suppression pattern while suffering from the after-effects of asphyxia during birth was included along with EEG from 20 full-term healthy newborn babies. The signals from the healthy babies were divided into four behavioural states: active awake, quiet awake, active sleep and quiet sleep. By using a number of features extracted from the EEG together with Fisher's linear discriminant classifier we have managed to achieve 100% correct classification when separating burst suppression EEG from all four healthy EEG types and 93% true positive classification when separating quiet sleep from the other types. The other three sleep stages could not be classified. When the pathological burst suppression pattern was detected, the analysis was taken one step further and the signal was segmented into burst and suppression, allowing clinically relevant parameters such as suppression length and burst suppression ratio to be calculated. The segmentation of the burst suppression EEG works well, with a probability of error around 4%.

  15. From Cleanup to Stewardship. A companion report to Accelerating Cleanup: Paths to Closure and background information to support the scoping process required for the 1998 PEIS Settlement Study

    SciTech Connect

    None, None

    1999-10-01

    Long-term stewardship is expected to be needed at more than 100 DOE sites after DOE's Environmental Management program completes disposal, stabilization, and restoration operations to address waste and contamination resulting from nuclear research and nuclear weapons production conducted over the past 50 years. From Cleanup to stewardship provides background information on the Department of Energy (DOE) long-term stewardship obligations and activities. This document begins to examine the transition from cleanup to long-term stewardship, and it fulfills the Secretary's commitment to the President in the 1999 Performance Agreement to provide a companion report to the Department's Accelerating Cleanup: Paths to Closure report. It also provides background information to support the scoping process required for a study on long-term stewardship required by a 1998 Settlement Agreement.

  16. Apparatus having reduced background for measuring radiation activity in aerosol particles

    DOEpatents

    Rodgers, John C.; McFarland, Andrew R.; Oritz, Carlos A.; Marlow, William H.

    1992-01-01

    Apparatus having reduced background for measuring radiation activity in aerosol particles. A continuous air monitoring sampler is described for use in detecting the presence of alpha-emitting aerosol particles. An inlet fractionating screen has been demonstrated to remove about 95% of freshly formed radon progeny from the aerosol sample, and approximately 33% of partially aged progeny. Addition of an electrical condenser and a modified dichotomous virtual impactor are expected to produce considerable improvement in these numbers, the goal being to enrich the transuranic (TRU) fraction of the aerosols. This offers the possibility of improving the signal-to-noise ratio for the detected alpha-particle energy spectrum in the region of interest for detecting TRU materials associated with aerosols, thereby enhancing the performance of background-compensation algorithms for improving the quality of alarm signals intended to warn personnel of potentially harmful quantities of TRU materials in the ambient air.

  17. The minimizing of fluorescence background in Raman optical activity and Raman spectra of human blood plasma.

    PubMed

    Tatarkovič, Michal; Synytsya, Alla; Šťovíčková, Lucie; Bunganič, Bohuš; Miškovičová, Michaela; Petruželka, Luboš; Setnička, Vladimír

    2015-02-01

    Raman optical activity (ROA) is inherently sensitive to the secondary structure of biomolecules, which makes it a method of interest for finding new approaches to clinical applications based on blood plasma analysis, for instance the diagnostics of several protein-misfolding diseases. Unfortunately, real blood plasma exhibits strong background fluorescence when excited at 532 nm; hence, measuring the ROA spectra appears to be impossible. Therefore, we established a suitable method using a combination of kinetic quenchers, filtering, photobleaching, and a mathematical correction of residual fluorescence. Our method reduced the background fluorescence approximately by 90%, which allowed speedup for each measurement by an average of 50%. In addition, the signal-to-noise ratio was significantly increased, while the baseline distortion remained low. We assume that our method is suitable for the investigation of human blood plasma by ROA and may lead to the development of a new tool for clinical diagnostics.

  18. On unitary evolution of a massless scalar field in a Schwarzschild background: Hawking radiation and the information paradox

    SciTech Connect

    Melnikov, Kirill

    2002-08-08

    We develop a Hamiltonian formalism which can be used to discuss the physics of a massless scalar field in a gravitational background of a Schwarzschild black hole. Using this formalism we show that the time evolution of the system is unitary and yet all known results such as the existence of Hawking radiation can be readily understood. We then point out that the Hamiltonian formalism leads to interesting observations about black hole entropy and the information paradox.

  19. Information processes in visual and object buffers of scene understanding system for reliable target detection, separation from background, and identification

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kuvich, Gary

    2006-05-01

    Modern target recognition systems suffer from the lack of human-like abilities to understand the visual scene, detect, unambiguously identify and recognize objects. As result, the target recognition systems become dysfunctional if target doesn't demonstrate remarkably distinctive and contrast features that allow for unambiguous separation from background and identification upon such features. This is somewhat similar to visual systems of primitive animals like frogs, which can separate and recognize only moving objects. However, human vision unambiguously separates any object from its background. Human vision combines a rough but wide peripheral, and narrow but precise foveal systems with visual intelligence that utilize both scene and object contexts and resolve ambiguity and uncertainty in the visual information. Perceptual grouping is one of the most important processes in human vision, and it binds visual information into meaningful patterns and structures. Unlike the traditional computer vision models, biologically-inspired Network-Symbolic models convert image information into an "understandable" Network-Symbolic format, which is similar to relational knowledge models. The equivalent of interaction between peripheral and foveal systems in the network-symbolic system is achieved via interaction between Visual and Object Buffers and the top-level system of Visual Intelligence. This interaction provides recursive rough context identification of regions of interest in the visual scene and their analysis in the object buffer for precise and unambiguous separation of the object from background/clutter with following recognition of the target.

  20. Dual approach for automated sleep spindles detection within EEG background activity in infant polysomnograms.

    PubMed

    Held, Claudio M; Causa, Leonardo; Estévez, Pablo; Pérez, Claudio; Garrido, Marcelo; Algarín, Cecilia; Peirano, Patricio

    2004-01-01

    An automated system for sleep spindles detection within EEG background activity, combining two different approaches, is presented. The first approach applies detection criteria on the sigma-band filtered EEG signal, including fuzzy thresholds. The second approach mimics an expert's procedure. A sleep spindle detection is validated if both approaches agree. The method was applied on a testing set, consisting of continuous sleep recordings of two patients, totaling 1132 epochs (pages). A total of 803 sleep spindles events were marked by the experts. Results showed an 87.7% agreement between the detection system and the medical experts.

  1. Active feedback regulation of a Michelson interferometer to achieve zero-background absorption measurements.

    PubMed

    Lundin, Patrik; Guan, Zuguang; Svanberg, Sune

    2011-01-20

    An active phase-controlling scheme based on a proportional-integral-derivative-controlled piezoelectric transducer is presented with the purpose of stabilizing a quasi-zero-background absorption spectrometer. A fiber-based balanced Michelson interferometer is used, and absorption due to a gas sample in one of its arms results in an increased light signal to a detector, which otherwise, thanks to destructive interference, experiences a very low light level. With the presented approach, the sensitivity of already potent absorption measurement techniques, e.g., based on modulation, could be improved even further.

  2. Inheritance of grain polyphenol oxidase (PPO) activity in multiple wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) genetic backgrounds.

    PubMed

    Nilthong, Somrudee; Graybosch, R A; Baenziger, P S

    2012-12-01

    Grain polyphenol oxidase (PPO) activity can cause discoloration of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) food products. Five crosses (PI 117635/Antelope; Fielder/NW03681; Fielder/Antelope; NW07OR1070/Antelope; NW07OR1066/OR2050272H) were selected to study the genetic inheritance of PPO activity. STS markers, PPO18, PPO29 and STS01, were used to identify lines with putative alleles at the Ppo-A1 and Ppo-D1 loci conditioning low or high PPO activity. ANOVA showed significant genotypic effects on PPO activity (P < 0.0001) in all populations. The generations and generation × genotype effects were not significant in any population. A putative third (null) genotype at Ppo-A1 (no PCR fragments for PPO18) was discovered in NW07OR1066 and NW07OR1070 derived populations, and these had the lowest mean PPO activities. Results demonstrated that both Ppo-A1 and Ppo-D1 loci affect the kernel PPO activity, but the Ppo-A1 has the major effect. In three populations, contrary results were observed to those predicted from previous work with Ppo-D1 alleles, suggesting the markers for Ppo-D1 allele might give erroneous results in some genetic backgrounds or lineages. Results suggest that selection for low or null alleles only at Ppo-A1 might allow development of low PPO wheat cultivars.

  3. 77 FR 7236 - Information Collection Activities

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-10

    ... Surface Transportation Board Information Collection Activities AGENCY: Surface Transportation Board, DOT... U.S.C. 3501-3519 (PRA), the Surface Transportation Board (STB or Board) gives notice of its intent... by April 10, 2012. ADDRESSES: Direct all comments to Marilyn Levitt, Surface Transportation...

  4. Impairments in Background and Event-Related Alpha-Band Oscillatory Activity in Patients with Schizophrenia

    PubMed Central

    Abeles, Ilana Y.; Gomez-Ramirez, Manuel

    2014-01-01

    Studies show that patients with schizophrenia exhibit impaired responses to sensory stimuli, especially at the early stages of neural processing. In particular, patients’ alpha-band (8–14 Hz) event-related desynchronization (ERD) and visual P1 event-related potential (ERP) component tend to be significantly reduced, with P1 ERP deficits greater for visual stimuli biased towards the magnocellular system. In healthy controls, studies show that pre-stimulus alpha (background alpha) plays a pivotal role in sensory processing and behavior, largely by shaping the neural responses to incoming stimuli. Here, we address whether patients’ ERD and P1 deficits stem from impairments in pre-stimulus alpha mechanisms. To address this question we recorded electrophysiological activity in patients with schizophrenia and healthy controls while they engaged in a visual discrimination task with low, medium, and high contrast stimuli. The results revealed a significant decrease in patients’ ERDs, which was largely driven by reductions in pre-stimulus alpha. These reductions were most prominent in right-hemispheric areas. We also observed a systematic relationship between pre-stimulus alpha and the P1 component across different contrast levels. However, this relationship was only observed in healthy controls. Taken together, these findings highlight a substantial anomaly in patients’ amplitude-based alpha background activity over visual areas. The results provide further support that pre-stimulus alpha activity plays an active role in perception by modulating the neural responses to incoming sensory inputs, a mechanism that seems to be compromised in schizophrenia. PMID:24646909

  5. Surveys for presence of Oregon spotted frog (Rana pretiosa): background information and field methods

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Pearl, Christopher A.; Clayton, David; Turner, Lauri

    2010-01-01

    The Oregon spotted frog (Rana pretiosa) is the most aquatic of the native frogs in the Pacific Northwest. The common name derives from the pattern of black, ragged-edged spots set against a brown or red ground color on the dorsum of adult frogs. Oregon spotted frogs are generally associated with wetland complexes that have several aquatic habitat types and sizeable coverage of emergent vegetation. Like other ranid frogs native to the Northwest, Oregon spotted frogs breed in spring, larvae transform in summer of their breeding year, and adults tend to be relatively short lived (3-5 yrs). Each life stage (egg, tadpole, juvenile and adult) has characteristics that present challenges for detection. Breeding can be explosive and completed within 1-2 weeks. Egg masses are laid in aggregations, often in a few locations in large areas of potential habitat. Egg masses can develop, hatch, and disintegrate in <2 weeks during warm weather. Tadpoles can be difficult to identify, have low survival, and spend most of their 3-4 months hidden in vegetation or flocculant substrates. Juveniles and adults are often difficult to capture and can spend summers away from breeding areas. Moreover, a substantial portion of extant populations are of limited size (<100 breeding adults), and field densities of all life stages are often low. An understanding of the biology of the species and use of multiple visits are thus important for assessing presence of Oregon spotted frogs. This report is meant to be a resource for USDA Region 6 Forest Service (FS) and OR/WA Bureau of Land Management (BLM) personnel tasked with surveying for the presence of Oregon spotted frogs. Our objective was to summarize information to improve the efficiency of field surveys and increase chances of detection if frogs are present. We include overviews of historical and extant ranges of Oregon spotted frog. We briefly summarize what is known of Oregon spotted frog habitat associations and review aspects of behavior and

  6. Technical support for amending standards for management of uranium byproduct materials: 40 cfr part 192-subpart d. Background information document

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1993-10-01

    The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is amending 40 CFR 192, Subpart D, dealing with disposal of uranium mill tailings at non-operational sites licensed by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) or an agreement state pursuant to the Uranium Mill Tailings Radiation Control Act (UMTRCA) of 1978. The Background Information Document (BID) was prepared in support of the rulemaking proceedings for EPA's action. The BID only considers long-term disposal of tailings at facilities licensed by the NRC or an agreement state, and designated Title II facilities in the UMTRCA.

  7. Ticks elicit variable f ibrinogenolytic activities upon feeding on hosts with different immune backgrounds

    PubMed Central

    Vora, Ashish; Taank, Vikas; Dutta, Sucharita M.; Anderson, John F.; Fish, Durland; Sonenshine, Daniel E.; Catravas, John D.; Sultana, Hameeda; Neelakanta, Girish

    2017-01-01

    Ticks secrete several anti-hemostatic factors in their saliva to suppress the host innate and acquired immune defenses against infestations. Using Ixodes scapularis ticks and age-matched mice purchased from two independent commercial vendors with two different immune backgrounds as a model, we show that ticks fed on immunodeficient animals demonstrate decreased fibrinogenolytic activity in comparison to ticks fed on immunocompetent animals. Reduced levels of D-dimer (fibrin degradation product) were evident in ticks fed on immunodeficient animals in comparison to ticks fed on immunocompetent animals. Increased engorgement weights were noted for ticks fed on immunodeficient animals in comparison to ticks fed on immunocompetent animals. Furthermore, the LC-MS/MS and quantitative real-time-PCR analysis followed by inhibitor and antibody-blocking assays revealed that the arthropod HSP70-like molecule contributes to differential fibrinogenolysis during tick feeding. Collectively, these results not only indicate that ticks elicit variable fibrinogenolysis upon feeding on hosts with different immune backgrounds but also provide insights for the novel role of arthropod HSP70-like molecule in fibrinogenolysis during blood feeding. PMID:28300174

  8. [The search of small molecules with antipsychotic activity on the background of neurotensin].

    PubMed

    Ostrovskaia, R U; Gudasheva, T A; Krupina, N A; Seredin, S B

    2012-01-01

    Tridecapeptide neurotensin (NT) is known to exert the neuroleptic-like effects in case of its intracerebral administration. The group of systemically active dipeptides , acylprolyltyrosines, was constructed on the background of NT. Methyl ester of N-caproyl-L-prolyl-L-tyrosine (Dilept) was chosen for further development. The paper is dealing with main principles of Dilept'design and with analysis of the experimental data concerning its effect on the "translational" model of schizophrenia--the deficit of prepulse inhibition of the acoustic startle-reaction caused by either dopamine-mimetic, apomorphine, or by the uncompetitive NMDA-blocker, ketamine. Dilept was shown to attenuate these deficits both in case ofintraperitoneal and peroral administration. Dilept is considered as a potential antipsychotic.

  9. CHAD USER’S GUIDE: Extracting Human Activity Information from CHAD on the PC

    EPA Science Inventory

    The Consolidated Human Activity Database (CHAD) User Guide offers a short tutorial about CHAD Access; background on the CHAD Databases; background on individual studies in CHAD; and information about using CHAD data, caveats, known problems, notes, and database design and develop...

  10. Ground-water protection standards for inactive uranium tailings sites (40 CFR 192): Background information for final rule. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1989-03-01

    The Final Background Information Document summarizes the information and data considered by the Agency in developing the ground-water protection standards. The report presents a brief description of the Title II ground water standard and how it can be used to develop the Title I rulemaking. A description of the 24 designated uranium-tailings sites and their current status in the DOE remedial-action program is included as well as a detailed analysis of the available data on the ground water in the vicinity of 14 of the 24 sites. It also describes different methods that can be used for the restoration of ground water and the costs of using these restoration methods.

  11. Youth-Physical Activity Towards Health: evidence and background to the development of the Y-PATH physical activity intervention for adolescents

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background Despite known benefits of regular physical activity for health and well-being, many studies suggest that levels of physical activity in young people are low, and decline dramatically during adolescence. The purpose of the current research was to gather data on adolescent youth in order to inform the development of a targeted physical activity intervention. Methods Cross-sectional data on physical activity levels (using self report and accelerometry), psychological correlates of physical activity, anthropometic characteristics, and the fundamental movement skill proficiency of 256 youth (53% male, 12.40 ± 0.51 years) were collected. A subsample (n = 59) participated in focus group interviews to explore their perceptions of health and identify barriers and motivators to participation in physical activity. Results Findings indicate that the majority of youth (67%) were not accumulating the minimum 60 minutes of physical activity recommended daily for health, and that 99.5% did not achieve the fundamental movement skill proficiency expected for their age. Body mass index data showed that 25% of youth were classified as overweight or obese. Self-efficacy and physical activity attitude scores were significantly different (p < 0.05) between low, moderate and high active participants. Active and inactive youth reported differences in their perceived understanding of health and their barriers to physical activity participation, with active youth relating nutrition, exercise, energy and sports with the definition of ‘being healthy’, and inactive youth attributing primarily nutritional concepts to ‘being healthy’. Conclusions Data show a need for targeting low levels of physical activity in youth through addressing poor health related activity knowledge and low fundamental movement skill proficiency. The Y-PATH intervention was developed in accordance with the present study findings; details of the intervention format are presented. PMID

  12. Building and Activating Students' Background Knowledge: It's What They Already Know That Counts

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fisher, Douglas; Frey, Nancy; Lapp, Diane

    2012-01-01

    Students enter the middle grades with varying amounts of background knowledge. Teachers must assess student background knowledge for gaps or misconceptions and then provide instruction to build on that base. This article discusses effective strategies for assessing and developing students' background knowledge so they can become independent…

  13. CAN WE REPRODUCE THE X-RAY BACKGROUND SPECTRAL SHAPE USING LOCAL ACTIVE GALACTIC NUCLEI?

    SciTech Connect

    Vasudevan, Ranjan V.; Mushotzky, Richard F.; Gandhi, Poshak

    2013-06-20

    The X-ray background (XRB) is due to the aggregate of active galactic nuclei (AGNs), which peak in activity at z {approx} 1 and is often modeled as the sum of different proportions of unabsorbed, moderately, and heavily absorbed AGN. We present the summed spectrum of a complete sample of local AGN (the Northern Galactic Cap of the 58 month Swift/BAT catalog, z < 0.2) using 0.4-200 keV data and directly determine the different proportions of unabsorbed, moderately and heavily absorbed AGN that make up the summed spectrum. This stacked low redshift AGN spectrum is remarkably similar in shape to the XRB spectrum (when shifted to z {approx} 1), but the observed proportions of different absorption populations differ from most XRB synthesis models. AGN with Compton-thick absorption account for only {approx}12% of the sample, but produce a significant contribution to the overall spectrum. We confirm that Compton reflection is more prominent in moderately absorbed AGN and that the photon index differs intrinsically between unabsorbed and absorbed AGN. The AGN in our sample account for only {approx}1% of the XRB intensity. The reproduction of the XRB spectral shape suggests that strong evolution in individual AGN properties is not required between z {approx} 0 and 1.

  14. How to change GEBCO outreach activities with Information technologies?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chang, E.; Park, K.

    2014-12-01

    Since 1995, when National Geographic Information Project began, we have great advance in mapping itself and information service on the earth surface in Korea whether paper maps or online service map. By reviewing geological and mine-related information service in current and comparisons of demands, GEBCO outreach master plan has been prepared. Information service cannot be separated from data production and on dissemination policies. We suggest the potential impact of the changes in information technologies such as mobile service and data fusion, and big data on GEBCO maps based. Less cost and high performance in data service will stimulate more information service; therefore it is necessary to have more customer-oriented manipulation on the data. By inquiring questionnaire, we can draw the potential needs on GEBCO products in various aspects: such as education, accessibility. The gap between experts and non-experts will decrease by digital service from the private and public organizations such as international academic societies since research funds and policies tend to pursue "openness" and "interoperability" among the domains. Some background why and how to prepare outreach activities in GEBCO will be shown.

  15. 76 FR 2441 - Proposed Agency Information Collection Activities; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-13

    ...) whether the information collection activities are necessary for FRA to properly execute its functions... collection of information mandated by Federal regulations. In summary, FRA reasons that comments received... TRANSPORTATION Federal Railroad Administration Proposed Agency Information Collection Activities; Comment...

  16. Phase I Rinal Report: Ultra-Low Background Alpha Activity Counter

    SciTech Connect

    Warburton, W.K.

    2005-07-22

    signal processor we easily distinguish between these two risetimes and thereby count only alpha particles emitted by the sample. Alpha particles emitted from the sample tray are absorbed in the rear of the sample, so the tray's emissivity does not contribute to the background either. Extensions of the method to the counter's sidewalls similarly allow us to reject alpha particles emitted from the sidewalls. We can thus able obtain background rates over a factor of 1000 lower than in conventional instruments without active background rejection. Extending this principle to count at the 0.00001 alpha/cm{sup 2}/hour, level encounters difficulties because there will typically be only 2.4 alpha particles per square meter per day. Since about 6 counts are required to measure activity at the 95% confidence level, large sample areas are required to make measurements in reasonable times. Unfortunately, increasing the counter's anode area to a square meter raises its capacitance so much that the preamplifier noise levels swamp the alpha particle signals and make counting impossible. In this SBIR we worked to solve this dilemma by segmenting the single large area electrode into several smaller, lower capacitance electrodes that could still detect the alpha particles reliably. Each electrode would have its own electronic and we would capture signals from all of them in coincidence (since an alpha track might well deposit charge on more than one electrode), a technique in which XIA is experienced. Therefore, in Phase I we worked to show proof of principle by subdividing our original 1,800 cm{sup 2} electrode into 4 square segments, each 625 cm{sup 2} and demonstrating that signal noise on individual channels reduced as expected. Because the Phase II counter with a 1 m{sup 2} segmented anode would require 16 segments plus a segmented guard as well, we also designed low cost signal processing electronics to instrument it in Phase II. Our Phase I effort met our major proof of principle

  17. Comparison of backgrounds in OSO-7 and SMM spectrometers and short-term activation in SMM

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Dunphy, P. P.; Forrest, D. J.; Chupp, E. L.; Share, G. H.

    1989-01-01

    The backgrounds in the OSO-7 Gamma-Ray Monitor and the Solar Maximum Mission Gamma-Ray Spectrometer are compared. After scaling to the same volume, the background spectra agree to within 30 percent. This shows that analyses which successfully describe the background in one detector can be applied to similar detectors of different sizes and on different platforms. The background produced in the SMM spectrometer by a single trapped-radiation belt passage is also studied. This background is found to be dominated by a positron-annihilation line and a continuum spectrum with a high energy cutoff at 5 MeV.

  18. 75 FR 14443 - Proposed Information Collection Activity; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-25

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Administration for Children and Families Proposed Information Collection Activity... Child Welfare Information Gateway. OMB No.: 0970-0303. Description: The National Clearinghouse on Child Abuse and Neglect Information (NCCAN) and the National Adoption Information Clearinghouse...

  19. 76 FR 63619 - Proposed Agency Information Collection Activities; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-13

    ...] [FR Doc No: 2011-26459] FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM Proposed Agency Information Collection Activities... Reserve System, Washington, DC 20551. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Request for Comment on Information... unique information concerning price and certain nonprice terms of loans made to businesses and...

  20. Looking for angular information in the nHz gravitational wave background with harmonic space analysis of redshift maps

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Roebber, Elinore; Holder, Gilbert

    2017-01-01

    I will discuss an alternate framework for treating the angular information in the nanohertz gravitational wave background (GWB). Population models suggest that the GWB produced by binary supermassive black holes will be mostly confused, but that individual frequency bins may be dominated by a single loud source. We consider two toy models to span the range of resolvable to confused GWBs: a single source and a statistically isotropic Gaussian random field. In our alternate framework we treat both cases consistently by analyzing the full-sky redshift field induced by the GWs at the earth in harmonic space. As an example of the utility of this approach, the power spectrum of the redshift maps is the harmonic space analogue of the Hellings and Downs curve. Variance in the redshift power spectrum allows us to characterize the expected variance around the Hellings and Downs curve.

  1. Background Error Covariance Estimation Using Information from a Single Model Trajectory with Application to Ocean Data Assimilation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Keppenne, Christian L.; Rienecker, Michele; Kovach, Robin M.; Vernieres, Guillaume

    2014-01-01

    An attractive property of ensemble data assimilation methods is that they provide flow dependent background error covariance estimates which can be used to update fields of observed variables as well as fields of unobserved model variables. Two methods to estimate background error covariances are introduced which share the above property with ensemble data assimilation methods but do not involve the integration of multiple model trajectories. Instead, all the necessary covariance information is obtained from a single model integration. The Space Adaptive Forecast error Estimation (SAFE) algorithm estimates error covariances from the spatial distribution of model variables within a single state vector. The Flow Adaptive error Statistics from a Time series (FAST) method constructs an ensemble sampled from a moving window along a model trajectory.SAFE and FAST are applied to the assimilation of Argo temperature profiles into version 4.1 of the Modular Ocean Model (MOM4.1) coupled to the GEOS-5 atmospheric model and to the CICE sea ice model. The results are validated against unassimilated Argo salinity data. They show that SAFE and FAST are competitive with the ensemble optimal interpolation (EnOI) used by the Global Modeling and Assimilation Office (GMAO) to produce its ocean analysis. Because of their reduced cost, SAFE and FAST hold promise for high-resolution data assimilation applications.

  2. Object tracking via background subtraction for monitoring illegal activity in crossroad

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ghimire, Deepak; Jeong, Sunghwan; Park, Sang Hyun; Lee, Joonwhoan

    2016-07-01

    In the field of intelligent transportation system a great number of vision-based techniques have been proposed to prevent pedestrians from being hit by vehicles. This paper presents a system that can perform pedestrian and vehicle detection and monitoring of illegal activity in zebra crossings. In zebra crossing, according to the traffic light status, to fully avoid a collision, a driver or pedestrian should be warned earlier if they possess any illegal moves. In this research, at first, we detect the traffic light status of pedestrian and monitor the crossroad for vehicle pedestrian moves. The background subtraction based object detection and tracking is performed to detect pedestrian and vehicles in crossroads. Shadow removal, blob segmentation, trajectory analysis etc. are used to improve the object detection and classification performance. We demonstrate the experiment in several video sequences which are recorded in different time and environment such as day time and night time, sunny and raining environment. Our experimental results show that such simple and efficient technique can be used successfully as a traffic surveillance system to prevent accidents in zebra crossings.

  3. Identify, isolate, inform: Background and considerations for Ebola virus disease preparedness in U.S. ambulatory care settings.

    PubMed

    Chea, Nora; Perz, Joseph F; Srinivasan, Arjun; Laufer, Alison S; Pollack, Lori A

    2015-11-01

    Public health activities to identify and monitor persons at risk for Ebola virus disease in the United States include directing persons at risk to assessment facilities that are prepared to safely evaluate for Ebola virus disease. Although it is unlikely that a person with Ebola virus disease will unexpectedly present to a nonemergency ambulatory care facility, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention have provided guidance for this setting that can be summarized as identify, isolate, and inform.

  4. 78 FR 13057 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Information Collection; IT Dashboard Feedback Mechanism

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-26

    ... ADMINISTRATION Agency Information Collection Activities; Information Collection; IT Dashboard Feedback Mechanism... to review and approve a previously approved information collection requirement regarding IT Dashboard... identified by Information Collection 3090- 0285, IT Dashboard Feedback Mechanism, by any of the...

  5. 77 FR 66499 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Request for Comments for a New Information Collection

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-05

    ... TRANSPORTATION Federal Highway Administration Agency Information Collection Activities: Request for Comments for a New Information Collection AGENCY: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), DOT. ACTION: Notice of intent to collect information. SUMMARY: FHWA is informing the public of their intention to request...

  6. 78 FR 75576 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Request for Information

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-12

    ...As part of its continuing effort to reduce paperwork and respondent burden, CBP invites the general public and other Federal agencies to comment on an information collection requirement concerning: Request for Information (CBP Form 28). This request for comment is being made pursuant to the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (Pub. L. 104-13; 44 U.S.C....

  7. Prediction of solar activity from solar background magnetic field variations in cycles 21-23

    SciTech Connect

    Shepherd, Simon J.; Zharkov, Sergei I.; Zharkova, Valentina V. E-mail: s.zharkov@hull.ac.uk

    2014-11-01

    A comprehensive spectral analysis of both the solar background magnetic field (SBMF) in cycles 21-23 and the sunspot magnetic field in cycle 23 reported in our recent paper showed the presence of two principal components (PCs) of SBMF having opposite polarity, e.g., originating in the northern and southern hemispheres, respectively. Over a duration of one solar cycle, both waves are found to travel with an increasing phase shift toward the northern hemisphere in odd cycles 21 and 23 and to the southern hemisphere in even cycle 22. These waves were linked to solar dynamo waves assumed to form in different layers of the solar interior. In this paper, for the first time, the PCs of SBMF in cycles 21-23 are analyzed with the symbolic regression technique using Hamiltonian principles, allowing us to uncover the underlying mathematical laws governing these complex waves in the SBMF presented by PCs and to extrapolate these PCs to cycles 24-26. The PCs predicted for cycle 24 very closely fit (with an accuracy better than 98%) the PCs derived from the SBMF observations in this cycle. This approach also predicts a strong reduction of the SBMF in cycles 25 and 26 and, thus, a reduction of the resulting solar activity. This decrease is accompanied by an increasing phase shift between the two predicted PCs (magnetic waves) in cycle 25 leading to their full separation into the opposite hemispheres in cycle 26. The variations of the modulus summary of the two PCs in SBMF reveals a remarkable resemblance to the average number of sunspots in cycles 21-24 and to predictions of reduced sunspot numbers compared to cycle 24: 80% in cycle 25 and 40% in cycle 26.

  8. Cultural-Historical Activity Theory and Domain Analysis: Metatheoretical Implications for Information Science

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wang, Lin

    2013-01-01

    Background: Cultural-historical activity theory is an important theory in modern psychology. In recent years, it has drawn more attention from related disciplines including information science. Argument: This paper argues that activity theory and domain analysis which uses the theory as one of its bases could bring about some important…

  9. Theoretical Implications for Inform and Influence Activities

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-05-23

    other aspect of this collection of information, including suggestions for reducing this burden to Department of Defense, Washington Headquarters...Information Operations ( Washington , DC: Government Printing Office, 2012), iii. Information-related capabilities (IRCs) is a new doctrinal term... Washington , DC: Government Printing Office, 2013), 1-1. Doctrine writers have not yet incorporated the term information-related capabilities into either

  10. On Day-to-Day Variability of Global Lightning Activity as Quantified from Background Schumann Resonance Observations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mushtak, V. C.; Williams, E. R.

    2011-12-01

    Among the palette of methods (satellite, VLF, ELF) for monitoring global lightning activity, observations of the background Schumann resonances (SR) provide a unique prospect for estimating the integrated activity of global lightning activity in absolute units (coul2 km2/sec). This prospect is ensured by the SR waves' low attenuation, with wavelengths commensurate with the dimensions of dominant regional lightning "chimneys", and by the accumulating methodology for background SR techniques. Another benefit is the reduction of SR measurements into a compact set of resonance characteristics (modal frequencies, intensities, and quality factors). Suggested and tested in numerical simulations by T.R. Madden in the 1960s, the idea to invert the SR characteristics for the global lightning source has been farther developed, statistically substantiated, and practically realized here on the basis of the computing power and the quantity of experimental material way beyond what the SR pioneers had at their disposal. The critical issue of the quality of the input SR parameters is addressed by implementing a statistically substantiated sanitizing procedure to dispose of the fragments of the observed time series containing unrepresentative elements - local interference of various origin and strong ELF transients originating outside the major "chimneys" represented in the source model. As a result of preliminary research, a universal empirical sanitizing criterion has been established. Due to the fact that the actual observations have been collected from a set of individually organized ELF stations with various equipment sets and calibration techniques, the relative parameters in both input (the intensities) and output (the "chimney" activities) are being used as far as possible in the inversion process to avoid instabilities caused by calibration inconsistencies. The absolute regional activities - and so the sought for global activity in absolute units - is determined in the

  11. 78 FR 55299 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-10

    ... technological collection techniques or other forms of information technology should be addressed to: Office of... Agency Information Collection Activities: Comment Request AGENCY: National Science Foundation. ACTION... following information collection requirement to OMB for review and clearance under the Paperwork...

  12. 75 FR 50763 - Proposed Agency Information Collection Activities; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-17

    ... Act Submission, supporting statements and approved collection of information instruments are placed... Proposed Agency Information Collection Activities; Comment Request AGENCY: Board of Governors of the... collection of information requests and requirements conducted or sponsored by the Board under conditions...

  13. 76 FR 2403 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Ship's Store Declaration

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-13

    ... SECURITY Customs and Border Protection Agency Information Collection Activities: Ship's Store Declaration... and other Federal agencies to comment on an information collection requirement concerning the Ship's... CBP is soliciting comments concerning the following information collection: Title: Ship's...

  14. 78 FR 15031 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Ship's Store Declaration

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-08

    ... SECURITY U.S. Customs and Border Protection Agency Information Collection Activities: Ship's Store... public and other Federal agencies to comment on an information collection requirement concerning the Ship... CBP is soliciting comments concerning the following information collection: Title: Ship's...

  15. 78 FR 18676 - Information Collection Activities; Rail Depreciation Studies

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-27

    ... Surface Transportation Board Information Collection Activities; Rail Depreciation Studies ACTION: 30-day...) approval of the information collection--Rail Depreciation Studies-- further described below. The Board... notice the Board is requesting comments on the following information collection: Title: Rail...

  16. 76 FR 56213 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Crew's Effects Declaration

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-12

    ... SECURITY U.S. Customs and Border Protection Agency Information Collection Activities: Crew's Effects... and other Federal agencies to comment on an information collection requirement concerning the Crew's... concerning the following information collection: Title: Crew's Effects Declaration. OMB Number:...

  17. 77 FR 40892 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Crew Member's Declaration

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-11

    ... SECURITY U.S. Customs and Border Protection Agency Information Collection Activities: Crew Member's... other Federal agencies to comment on an information collection requirement concerning the Crew Member's... CBP is soliciting comments concerning the following information collection: Title: Crew...

  18. 77 FR 66433 - Information Collection Activity; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-05

    ..., mechanical, or other technological collection techniques or other forms of information technology. Comments... Rural Utilities Service Information Collection Activity; Comment Request AGENCY: Rural Utilities Service... this information collection for which RUS intends to request approval from the Office of Management...

  19. 78 FR 48689 - Proposed Information Collection Activity; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-09

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Administration for Children and Families Proposed Information Collection Activity... Administration for Children and Families (ACF) is proposing an information collection activity for the Home... and/or participating fathers about their expectations, perceptions, and opinions of the home...

  20. 78 FR 1213 - Proposed Information Collection Activity; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-08

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Administration for Children and Families Proposed Information Collection Activity... Needy Families (TANF) Programs. OMB No.: New Collection. Description: The Administration for Children and Families (ACF) is proposing an information collection activity as part of the Descriptive Study...

  1. Piecing together the X-ray background: bolometric corrections for active galactic nuclei

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vasudevan, R. V.; Fabian, A. C.

    2007-11-01

    The X-ray background can be used to constrain the accretion history of supermassive black holes (SMBHs) in active galactic nuclei (AGN), with the SMBH mass density related to the energy density due to accretion. A knowledge of the hard X-ray bolometric correction, κ2-10keV, is a vital input into these studies, as it allows us to constrain the parameters of the accretion responsible for SMBH growth. Earlier studies assumed a constant bolometric correction for all AGN, and more recent work has suggested accounting for a dependence on AGN luminosity. Until recently, the variations in the disc emission in the ultraviolet (UV) have not been taken into account in this calculation; we show that such variations are important by construction of optical-to-X-ray spectral energy distributions for 54 AGN. In particular, we use Far Ultraviolet Spectroscopic Explorer (FUSE) UV and X-ray data from the literature to constrain the disc emission as well as possible. We find evidence for very significant spread in the bolometric corrections, with no simple dependence on luminosity being evident. Populations of AGN such as narrow-line Seyfert 1 nuclei, radio-loud and X-ray-weak AGN may have bolometric corrections which differ systematically from the rest of the AGN population. We identify other sources of uncertainty including intrinsic extinction in the optical-UV, X-ray and UV variability and uncertainties in SMBH mass estimates. Our results suggest a more well-defined relationship between the bolometric correction and Eddington ratio in AGN, with a transitional region at an Eddington ratio of ~0.1, below which the bolometric correction is typically 15-25, and above which it is typically 40-70. We consider the potential-implied parallels with the low/hard and high/soft states in Galactic black hole (GBH) accretion, and present bolometric corrections for the GBH binary GX 339-4 for comparison. Our findings reinforce previous studies proposing a multistate description of AGN

  2. 78 FR 46674 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Request for Comments for a New Information Collection

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-01

    .... SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Title: Eisenhower Transportation Fellowship Program OMB Control #: 2125-0617. Background: The Eisenhower Transportation Fellowship Program is comprised of two programs, the Eisenhower Transportation Fellowship and the National Highway Institute (NHI). The purpose of the Eisenhower...

  3. 78 FR 77196 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Request for Comments for a New Information Collection

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-20

    .... SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Title: Eisenhower Transportation Fellowship Program. OMB Control #: 2125-0617. Background: The Eisenhower Transportation Fellowship Program is comprised of two programs, the Eisenhower Transportation Fellowship and the National Highway Institute (NHI). The purpose of the Eisenhower...

  4. 78 FR 63310 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Information Collection Renewal; Comment Request...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-10-23

    ... concerning the renewal of an information collection titled, ``Securities Offering Disclosure Rules.'' DATES... of the proposed collection of information set forth in this document. Title: Securities Offering... Office of the Comptroller of the Currency Agency Information Collection Activities:...

  5. 78 FR 1917 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Request for Comments for a New Information Collection

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-09

    ... includes, but is not limited to, information to support transportation research, capacity building, data collection, planning, travel modeling, and performance management. This also includes information about how... Federal Highway Administration Agency Information Collection Activities: Request for Comments for a...

  6. 76 FR 13267 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Request for Comments for a New Information Collection

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-10

    ... Federal Highway Administration Agency Information Collection Activities: Request for Comments for a New Information Collection AGENCY: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), DOT. ACTION: Notice and request for... and Budget's (OMB) approval for a new information collection, which is summarized below...

  7. 76 FR 78673 - New Agency Information Collection Activity Under OMB Review: Exercise Information System (EXIS)

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-19

    ... SECURITY Transportation Security Administration New Agency Information Collection Activity Under OMB Review: Exercise Information System (EXIS) AGENCY: Transportation Security Administration, DHS. ACTION: 30-day... burden for the TSA Exercise Information System (EXIS). EXIS is a web portal designed to...

  8. 75 FR 7475 - Agency Information Collection Activity; Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Information...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-19

    ... systems for the purposes of collecting, validating, and verifying information, processing and maintaining... Information Collection Activity; Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Information Collection Request for... document announces that EPA is planning to submit a request to update an existing approved...

  9. 78 FR 13932 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Approval of a Currently Approved Information Collection...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-01

    ... Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration Agency Information Collection Activities; Approval of a Currently Approved Information Collection Request: Financial Responsibility for Motor Carriers of Passengers... tura.gatling@dot.gov and gerald.folsom@dot.gov . SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Title:...

  10. 77 FR 48585 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Request for Comments for a New Information Collection

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-14

    ... Federal Highway Administration Agency Information Collection Activities: Request for Comments for a New Information Collection AGENCY: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), DOT. ACTION: Notice and request for... Budget's (OMB) approval for a new information collection, which is summarized below under...

  11. Scientific and Information Activities of Institute's Libraries.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Portnov, N.

    An analysis of the information service of the Leningrad Institute of Railway Transportation Engineer's libraries led to the following conclusions: Optimal information service for all basic needs of the users in an institute can be ensured by the combined efforts of the libraries and their information services. University libraries should supply…

  12. 76 FR 77312 - Information Collection Activities

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-12

    ... to seek from the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) approval of the information collections... process under Sec. 10502, before they may construct, acquire, or operate a line of railroad; abandon or... information technology, when appropriate; and (4) whether the collection of information is necessary for...

  13. Information in Support of Population Activities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Paris (France).

    As part of UNESCO's World Population Year, information services in support of population programs are explained and listed. The information system of the International Planned Parenthood Federation is described and the management of population literature discussed. Information needs of population workers and special aspects of the training and…

  14. Measuring of low activity materials resulted from decommissioning of NPP`s in low-background chamber

    SciTech Connect

    Kornitski, A.S.; Kazakov, V.A.; Lysenko, V.V.

    1993-12-31

    The decommissioning of power plants results in dismantled equipment of which some is not radioactive and could be used without restrictions. The IAEA has released recommendations for such materials useage. The definition of unrestricted useage is fulfiled by the organization of the radiation control procedure providing the principle of not exceeding the radioactive contamination level of this material set by criteria for unrestricted use. Gamma spectroscopic analysis must be performed on a great number of samples for which activity is less than or equal to background radiation. For this purpose, the low-background activity chambers can be utilized.

  15. Activating Student Background Knowledge in a Take Charge Approach to Foreign Language Reading.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Young, Dolly Jesusita

    A guide for teachers of second language reading offers ideas for using authentic texts as instructional materials. The guide focuses on how to teach students to become strategic readers and use their background knowledge to enhance comprehension. Schema theory is proposed as a framework for approaching reading tasks, by providing relevant pre- and…

  16. 76 FR 33031 - Agency Information Collection (Request for Contact Information) Activity Under OMB Review

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-07

    ... AFFAIRS Agency Information Collection (Request for Contact Information) Activity Under OMB Review AGENCY... correspondence. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Denise McLamb, Enterprise Records Service (005R1B), Department... INFORMATION: Title: Request for Contact Information, VA Form 21-30. OMB Control Number: 2900-0660. Type...

  17. 77 FR 35739 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-14

    ... technology. Mail, email, or fax your comments and recommendations on the information collection(s) to the OMB... 200 1 3 10 2. Youth Transition Process Demonstration Evaluation Data Collection--0960-0687. Background... monthly payment amount fair to both the individual and the agency, SSA needs financial information...

  18. 78 FR 5803 - Proposed Agency Information Collection Activities; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-28

    ... Federal Reserve System. SUMMARY: Background. On June 15, 1984, the Office of Management and Budget (OMB... Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs, U.S. Office of Management and Budget, New Executive Office... Reserve System, Washington, DC 20551. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Request for Comment on...

  19. Balloon flight background measurement with actively-shielded planar and imaging CZT detectors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bloser, Peter F.; Narita, Tomohiko; Jenkins, Jonathan A.; Perrin, Marshall; Murray, Ruth; Grindlay, Jonathan E.

    2002-01-01

    We present results from the flight of two prototype CZT detectors on a scientific balloon payload in September 2000. The first detector, referred to as CZT1, consisted of a 10 mm x 10 mm x 2 mm CZT crystal with a single gold planar electrode readout. This detector was shielded by a combination of a passive collimator in the front, giving a 40 degree field of view and surrounded by plastic scintillator, and a thick BGO crystal in the rear. The second detector, CZT2, comprised two 10 mm x 10 mm x 5 mm CZT crystals, one made of eV Products high pressure Bridgman material and the other of IMARAD horizontal Bridgman material, each fashioned with a 4 x 4 array of gold pixels on a 2.5 mm pitch. The pixellated detectors were flip-chip-mounted side by side and read out by a 32-channel ASIC. This detector was also shielded by a passive/plastic collimator in the front, but used only additional passive/plastic shielding in the rear. Both experiments were flown from Ft. Sumner, NM on September 19, 2000 on a 24 hour balloon flight. Both instruments performed well. CZT1 recorded a non-vetoed background level at 100 keV of approximately 1 x 10-3 cm-2s-1keV-1. Raising the BGO threshold from 50 keV to approximately 1 MeV produced only an 18% increase in this level. CZT2 recorded a background at 100 keV of approximately 4 times 10-3 cts cm-2s-1keV-1 in the eV Products detector and approximately 6 x 10-3 cts cm-2s-1keV-1 in the IMARAD detector, a difference possibly due to our internal background subtracting procedure. Both CZT1 and CZT2 spectra were in basic agreement with Monte Carlo simulations, though both recorded systematically higher count rates at high energy than predicted. No lines were observed, indicating that neutron capture reactions, at least those producing decay lines at a few 100 keV, are not significant components of the CZT background. Comparison of the CZT1 and CZT2 spectra indicates that passive/plastic shielding may provide adequately low background levels for

  20. 77 FR 27540 - Information Collection Activities

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-10

    ... collection of information on the respondents, including the use of automated collection techniques or other... Affairs, Attention: Patrick Fuchs, Surface Transportation Board Desk Officer, by fax at (202) 395-5167; by...), includes agency requirements that persons submit reports, keep records, or provide information to...

  1. 77 FR 65548 - Agency Information Collection Activities

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-29

    ...: Notice of Information Collection--Extension Without Change: Elementary-Secondary Staff Information Report... Opportunity Commission (EEOC or Commission) announces that it intends to submit to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) a request for a three-year extension of the Elementary-Secondary Staff...

  2. 77 FR 37736 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Request for Comments for a New Information Collection

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-22

    ... anticipated beta-testing of this version towards the end of 2012. Version 3.0 is an entirely new, state-of-the... Traffic Noise Model Version 3.0 Beta-Tester Information. Background: Prior to the release of the Federal... request is to gather information from the beta-testers on their computer configurations, their...

  3. 77 FR 37092 - Proposed Agency Information Collection Activities; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-20

    ... provide 60-days notice to the public for comment on information collection activities before seeking... FRA to enhance the quality, utility, and clarity of the information being collected; and (iv) ways for... 2012-0006-N-7] Proposed Agency Information Collection Activities; Comment Request AGENCY:...

  4. Corrective Action Site 02-37-02 Background Information and Comparison to Corrective Action Site 09-99-06

    SciTech Connect

    2012-06-26

    Corrective Action Site (CAS) 02-37-02, Gas Sampling Assembly, is associated with nuclear test MULLET. MULLET was an underground safety test conducted on October 17, 1963. The experiment also involved prompt sampling of particulate material from the detonation, similar to CAS 09-99-06, Gas Sampling Assembly, which is associated with PLAYER/YORK. The sampling system at MULLET was similar to that of PLAYER/YORK and was used to convey gas from the MULLET emplacement hole (U2ag) to a sampling assembly. Beyond the sampling assembly, the system had a 'Y' junction with one branch running to a filter unit and the other running to a scrubber unit. The total system length was approximately 250 feet and is depicted on the attached drawing. According to the available background information, retrieval of the sample material from the MULLET event caused significant alpha (plutonium) contamination, limited to an area near ground zero (GZ). Test support Radiological Control Technicians did not detect contamination outside the immediate GZ area. In addition, vehicles, equipment, and workers that were contaminated were decontaminated on site. Soil contamination was addressed through the application of oil, and the site was decommissioned after the test. Any equipment that could be successfully decontaminated and had a future use was removed from the site. The contaminated equipment and temporary buildings erected to support the test were buried on site, most likely in the area under the dirt berm. The exact location of the buried equipment and temporary buildings is unknown. No information was found describing the disposition of the filter and scrubber, but they are not known to be at the site. The COMMODORE test was conducted at U2am on May 20, 1967, and formed the crater next to CAS 02-37-02. The COMMODORE test area had been surveyed prior to the test, and alpha contamination was not identified. Furthermore, alpha contamination was not identified during the COMMODORE re

  5. Inheritance of grain polyphenol oxidase (PPO) activity in multiple wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) genetic backgrounds

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Grain polyphenol oxidase (PPO) activity can cause discoloration of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) food products. Five crosses (PI 117635/Antelope; Fielder/NW03681; Fielder/Antelope; NW07OR1070/Antelope; NW07OR1066/OR2050272H) were selected to study the genetic inheritance of PPO activity. STS marker...

  6. Effects of ivermectin application on the diversity and function of dung and soil fauna: Regulatory and scientific background information.

    PubMed

    Adler, Nicole; Bachmann, Jean; Blanckenhorn, Wolf U; Floate, Kevin D; Jensen, John; Römbke, Jörg

    2016-08-01

    The application of veterinary medical products to livestock can impact soil organisms in manure-amended fields or adversely affect organisms that colonize dung pats of treated animals and potentially retard the degradation of dung on pastures. For this reason, the authorization process for veterinary medicinal products in the European Union includes a requirement for higher-tier tests when adverse effects on dung organisms are observed in single-species toxicity tests. However, no guidance documents for the performance of higher-tier tests are available. Hence, an international research project was undertaken to develop and validate a proposed test method under varying field conditions of climate, soil, and endemic coprophilous fauna at Lethbridge (Canada), Montpellier (France), Zurich (Switzerland), and Wageningen (The Netherlands). The specific objectives were to determine if fecal residues of an anthelmintic with known insecticidal activity (ivermectin) showed similar effects across sites on 1) insects breeding in dung of treated animals, 2) coprophilous organisms in the soil beneath the dung, and 3) rates of dung degradation. By evaluating the effects of parasiticides on communities of dung-breeding insects and soil fauna under field conditions, the test method meets the requirements of a higher-tier test as mandated by the European Union. The present study provides contextual information on authorization requirements for veterinary medicinal products and on the structure and function of dung and soil organism communities. It also provides a summary of the main findings. Subsequent studies on this issue provide detailed information on different aspects of this overall project. Environ Toxicol Chem 2016;35:1914-1923. © 2015 SETAC.

  7. 75 FR 81650 - Agency Information Collection Activities:

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-28

    ... other forms of information technology, e.g., permitting electronic submission of responses. Overview of... to ensure that only State permits that meet the statutory requirements contained in the Gun...

  8. 78 FR 64049 - Information Collection Activities

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-10-25

    ... and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA), Department of Transportation (DOT). ACTION... invites comments on certain information collections pertaining to hazardous materials transportation for... them unsafe for the transportation of hazardous materials. Affected Public: Manufacturers and owners...

  9. 76 FR 56872 - Information Collection Activities

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-14

    ... information collections pertaining to hazardous materials transportation for which PHMSA intends to request..., etc., being used to transport hazardous materials by all modes of transportation. Shipping papers serve as a principal means of identifying hazardous materials during transportation...

  10. 76 FR 17748 - Information Collection Activities

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-30

    ... transportation of radioactive materials in commerce. Information collection requirements for RAM include: Shipper... of radioactive material being transported; external radiation levels do not exceed prescribed limits... carriers of radioactive materials in commerce. Annual Reporting and Recordkeeping Burden: Number...

  11. 78 FR 18426 - Proposed Information Collection (IRIS) Activity; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-26

    ... AFFAIRS Proposed Information Collection (IRIS) Activity; Comment Request AGENCY: Office of Information and... electronic inquiries submitted to VA through the Inquiry Routing and Information System (IRIS). DATES...: Inquiry Routing and Information System (IRIS), VA Form 0873. OMB Control Number: 2900-0619. Type of...

  12. 75 FR 13208 - Proposed Information Collection (IRIS) Activity; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-18

    ... AFFAIRS Proposed Information Collection (IRIS) Activity; Comment Request AGENCY: Office of Information and... response to electronic inquiries submitted to VA through the Inquiry Routing and Information System (IRIS...: Inquiry Routing and Information System (IRIS), VA Form 0873. OMB Control Number: 2900-0619. Type of...

  13. 77 FR 74275 - Pipeline Safety: Information Collection Activities

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-13

    ... Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration Pipeline Safety: Information Collection Activities AGENCY: Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA), DOT. ACTION: Notice and request..., DC 20590-0001. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Title: Pipeline Safety: Control Room...

  14. 76 FR 65778 - Pipeline Safety: Information Collection Activities

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-24

    ... Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration Pipeline Safety: Information Collection Activities AGENCY: Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA), DOT. ACTION: Notice and request... to discontinue the following information collection: Title: Pipeline Safety: Excess Flow...

  15. 77 FR 61048 - Agency Information Collection Activity Under OMB Review

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-05

    ... Federal Transit Administration Agency Information Collection Activity Under OMB Review AGENCY: Federal Transit Administration, DOT. ACTION: Notice of request for comments. SUMMARY: The Federal Transit...) approval to renew the following information collection: Transit Research, Development, Demonstration...

  16. 76 FR 71978 - Proposed Information Collection Activity; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-21

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Administration for Children and Families Proposed Information Collection Activity... Administration for Children and Families is soliciting public comment on the specific aspects of the information... be forwarded by writing to the Administration for Children and Families, Office of...

  17. 76 FR 17421 - Proposed Information Collection Activity; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-29

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Administration for Children and Families Proposed Information Collection Activity...)(A) of the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, the Administration for Children and Families is... Administration for Children and Families, Office of Administration, Office of Information Services, 370...

  18. 78 FR 42081 - Proposed Information Collection Activity; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-15

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Administration for Children and Families Proposed Information Collection Activity; Comment Request Proposed Projects Title: New Runaway and Homeless Youth Management Information...

  19. 76 FR 12364 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Bonded Warehouse Regulations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-07

    ... SECURITY U.S. Customs and Border Protection Agency Information Collection Activities: Bonded Warehouse... Bonded Warehouse Regulations. This request for comment is being made pursuant to the Paperwork Reduction... concerning the following information collection: Title: Bonded Warehouse Regulations. OMB Number:...

  20. 75 FR 77694 - Pipeline Safety: Information Collection Activities

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-13

    ... Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration Pipeline Safety: Information Collection Activities AGENCY: Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, DOT. ACTION: Notice and request for... information collection for the National Pipeline Registry. PHMSA is preparing to request Office of...

  1. 77 FR 15453 - Pipeline Safety: Information Collection Activities

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-15

    ... Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration Pipeline Safety: Information Collection Activities AGENCY: Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA), DOT. ACTION: Notice and request... regards the renewal of an information collection titled, ``Gas Pipeline Safety Program Certification...

  2. 75 FR 36371 - Agency Information Collection Activities Under OMB Review

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-25

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office COMMODITY FUTURES TRADING COMMISSION Agency Information Collection Activities Under OMB Review AGENCY: Commodity Futures Trading Commission. ACTION: Notice; Information Collection 3038-0019, Stocks of Grain in Licensed Warehouses....

  3. 78 FR 73553 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-06

    ... SECURITY United States Immigration and Customs Enforcement Agency Information Collection Activities....S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (USICE), will submit the following information collection.... Immigration and Customs Enforcement, Department of Homeland Security, and sent via electronic mail to...

  4. 78 FR 59366 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-26

    ... SECURITY United States Immigration and Customs Enforcement Agency Information Collection Activities....S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (USICE), will submit the following information collection...), Scott Elmore, Forms Manager, U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement, 801 I Street NW., Mailstop...

  5. 77 FR 44710 - Information Collection Activities (Depreciation Studies)

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-30

    ... Surface Transportation Board Information Collection Activities (Depreciation Studies) ACTION: 60-day...) the information collection--Rail Depreciation Studies--further described below. Comments are requested...: Rail Depreciation Studies. OMB Control Number: 2140-XXXX. Form Number: None. Type of Review:...

  6. 76 FR 71057 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Crew's Effects Declaration

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-16

    ... SECURITY U.S. Customs and Border Protection Agency Information Collection Activities: Crew's Effects... approval in accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act: Crew's Effects Declaration (CBP Form 1304). This... concerning the following information collection: Title: Crew's Effects Declaration. OMB Number:...

  7. 77 FR 2550 - Proposed Information Collection Activity; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-18

    ... of automated collection techniques or other forms of information technology. Consideration will be... HUMAN SERVICES Administration for Children and Families Proposed Information Collection Activity... Transitional Jobs Demonstration (ETJD). OMB No.: New Collection. Description: The Administration for...

  8. Neutrons in the low-background Ge-detector vicinity estimated from different activation reactions.

    PubMed

    Jovančević, N; Krmar, M

    2011-03-01

    Neutrons produced by cosmic-ray muons in a detector shield and other surrounding materials can be captured or scattered by different nuclei in subsequent reactions. The gamma photons emitted after nuclear capture or scattering from produced Ge isotopes are used to estimate the neutron flux. If a bulk sample measured in some low background gamma spectroscopy system contains hydrogen, a high energy photon (of energy 2223keV) emitted in the process of deuterium production can be used to estimate the flux of thermal neutrons. Results obtained from the interaction of neutrons with H as well as with some Ge isotopes are computed and compared in this paper. The passive lead shield in a detector system is a source of a significant fraction of the gamma radiation induced by capture and inelastic scattering of neutrons. We also used gamma lines emitted by several Pb isotopes to estimate the neutron flux near a detector.

  9. Assessment of technical strengths and information flow of energy conservation research in Japan. Volume 2. Background document

    SciTech Connect

    Hane, G.J.; Lewis, P.M.; Hutchinson, R.A.; Rubinger, B.; Willis, A.

    1985-06-01

    Purpose of this study is to explore the status of R and D in Japan and the ability of US researchers to keep abreast of Japanese technical advances. US researchers familiar with R and D activities in Japan were interviewed in ten fields that are relevant to the more efficient use of energy: amorphous metals, biotechnology, ceramics, combustion, electrochemical energy storage, heat engines, heat transfer, high-temperature sensors, thermal and chemical energy storage, and tribology. The researchers were questioned about their perceptions of the strengths of R and D in Japan, comparative aspects of US work, and the quality of available information sources describing R and D in Japan. Of the ten related fields, the researchers expressed a strong perception that significant R and D is under way in amorphous metals, biotechnology, and ceramics, and that the US competitive position in these technologies will be significantly challenged. Researchers also identified alternative emphases in Japanese R and D programs in these areas that provide Japan with stronger technical capabilities. For example, in biotechnology, researchers noted the significant Japanese emphasis on industrial-scale bioprocess engineering, which contrasts with a more meager effort in the US. In tribology, researchers also noted the strength of the chemical tribology research in Japan and commented on the effective mix of chemical and mechanical tribology research. This approach contrasts with the emphasis on mechanical tribology in the US.

  10. 75 FR 42825 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-22

    ... Office of the Comptroller of the Currency Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Information... information collection, as required by the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995. An agency may not conduct or sponsor, and a respondent is not required to respond to, an information collection unless it displays...

  11. 76 FR 63322 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Form G-28, Revision of an Approved Information...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-12

    ... Information Collection Activities: Form G-28, Revision of an Approved Information Collection; Comment Request ACTION: 60-Day Notice of Information Collection Under Review: Form G- 28, Notice of Entry of Appearance..., mechanical, or other technological collection techniques, or other forms of information technology,...

  12. 75 FR 12812 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-17

    ... securitization policy, the documentation of fair value of retained interests, and a management information system... Office of the Comptroller of the Currency Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Information... information collection, as required by the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995. An agency may not conduct...

  13. Effect of display update interval, update type, and background on perception of aircraft separation on a cockpit display on traffic information

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Jago, S.; Baty, D.; Oconnor, S.; Palmer, E.

    1981-01-01

    The concept of a cockpit display of traffic information (CDTI) includes the integration of air traffic, navigation, and other pertinent information in a single electronic display in the cockpit. Concise display symbology was developed for use in later full-mission simulator evaluations of the CDTI concept. Experimental variables used included the update interval motion of the aircraft, the update type, (that is, whether the two aircraft were updated at the same update interval or not), the background (grid pattern or no background), and encounter type (straight or curved). Only the type of encounter affected performance.

  14. 76 FR 6470 - Agency Information Collection Activities

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-04

    ... Commission. ACTION: Notice of Information Collection--Extension Without Change: Elementary-Secondary Staff... Opportunity Commission (EEOC or Commission) announces that it intends to submit to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) a request for a three-year extension of the Elementary-Secondary Staff...

  15. 75 FR 82142 - Information Collection Activities

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-29

    ...-82145] [FR Doc No: 2010-32718] DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety... information collections pertaining to hazardous materials transportation for which PHMSA intends to request... and are in proper condition for the transportation of hazardous materials. (3) Manufacturers'...

  16. 75 FR 51520 - Information Collection Activities

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-20

    ... information collections pertaining to hazardous materials transportation for which PHMSA intends to request... material at the time a hazardous material incident occurs in transportation, such as a release of materials... hazardous materials transportation safety issues. The requirements apply to all interstate and......

  17. Functional Modularity of Background Activities in Normal and Epileptic Brain Networks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chavez, M.; Valencia, M.; Navarro, V.; Latora, V.; Martinerie, J.

    2010-03-01

    We analyze the connectivity structure of weighted brain networks extracted from spontaneous magnetoencephalographic signals of healthy subjects and epileptic patients (suffering from absence seizures) recorded at rest. We find that, for the activities in the 5-14 Hz range, healthy brains exhibit a sparse connectivity, whereas the brain networks of patients display a rich connectivity with a clear modular structure. Our results suggest that modularity plays a key role in the functional organization of brain areas during normal and pathological neural activities at rest.

  18. 76 FR 50225 - Proposed Information Collection Activity; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-12

    ... is proposing an information collection activity as part of an evaluation of healthy marriage and... discussions will be held with administrators and managers of healthy marriage and responsible...

  19. 76 FR 72210 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Extension of an Information Collection; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-22

    ... SECURITY United States Immigration and Customs Enforcement Agency Information Collection Activities.... Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE), is submitting the following information collection request for... United States Immigration and Customs Enforcement, Department of Homeland Security, and sent...

  20. 77 FR 66862 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Extension, Without Change, of an Existing Information...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-07

    ... SECURITY United States Immigration and Customs Enforcement Agency Information Collection Activities.... Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE), will submit the following information collection request for review... Immigration and Customs Enforcement, Department of Homeland Security, and sent via electronic mail...

  1. 75 FR 42093 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Information...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-20

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Information Request Regarding Menthol in Cigarettes AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is announcing an...

  2. 78 FR 46677 - Agency Information Collection Activities; New Information Collection Request: Commercial Motor...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-01

    ... Transportation, Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE., Washington, DC, 20590... Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration Agency Information Collection Activities; New Information Collection Request: Commercial Motor Vehicle Marking Requirements AGENCY: Federal Motor Carrier...

  3. 78 FR 21704 - Agency Information Collection Activities; New Information Collection: Commercial Motor Vehicle...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-11

    ... Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration Agency Information Collection Activities; New Information Collection: Commercial Motor Vehicle Marking Requirements AGENCY: Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration... require marking of vehicles and intermodal equipment by motor carriers, freight forwarders and...

  4. 78 FR 53464 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Submission for Review; Information Collection Extension...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-29

    ... SECURITY Agency Information Collection Activities: Submission for Review; Information Collection Extension Request for the Department of Homeland Security Science and Technology First Responders Community of... comment. SUMMARY: The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) invites the general public to comment on...

  5. 77 FR 13135 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Submission for Review; Information Collection Request...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-05

    ... the application procedures, protection policies, and review processes necessary to make this data... application procedures, protection policies, and review processes necessary to make this data available to the... SECURITY Agency Information Collection Activities: Submission for Review; Information Collection...

  6. 76 FR 72426 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Submission for Review; Information Collection Request...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-23

    ... Coordinating Center (PCC) has established application procedures, protection policies, and review processes... Information Collection Activities: Submission for Review; Information Collection Request for the Department of... repositories of security-relevant network operations data, and the application procedures, protection...

  7. 75 FR 41213 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Extension of a Currently Approved Information...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-15

    ... SECURITY United States Immigration and Customs Enforcement Agency Information Collection Activities..., Office of Management and Budget. Comments should be addressed to OMB Desk Officer, for United States..., U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (USICE), has submitted the following information...

  8. 76 FR 79204 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Extension, Without Change, of an Existing Information...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-21

    ... SECURITY United States Immigration and Customs Enforcement Agency Information Collection Activities... abstract: Primary: State, Local or Tribal Government. Section 404(b) of the Immigration and Nationality Act... in meeting an immigration emergency. This collection of information allows for State or...

  9. 78 FR 76153 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Comment Request; Extension of an Information Collection

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-16

    ... SECURITY United States Immigration and Customs Enforcement Agency Information Collection Activities... Homeland Security, U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (USICE), is submitting the following... Office of Chief Information Office, Forms Management Office, U.S. Immigrations and Customs...

  10. 78 FR 5504 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Extension of Information Collection; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-25

    ... NATIONAL INTELLIGENCE Agency Information Collection Activities: Extension of Information Collection; Comment Request AGENCY: Office of the Director of National Intelligence (ODNI). ACTION: Notice and comment... are directly related to responsibilities assigned to the Director of National Intelligence (DNI)...

  11. Background Study and Proposals for Development of Information Provision in Science and Technology in Ethiopia. Stockholm Papers in Library and Information Science.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schwarz, Stephan; Winkel, Annette

    Provision of information for research and development in science and technology in Ethiopia was studied by 50 participants in a seminar on evaluation and analysis of a national information policy and plan. Policy makers and planners, users, producers and suppliers of information, information specialists, and representatives of Unesco (United…

  12. Reducing background noise in near-infrared medical imaging: Routes to activated fluorescing

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Burdette, Mary K.; Bandera, Yuriy; Powell, Rhonda R.; Bruce, Terri F.; Foulger, Stephen H.

    2016-03-01

    Activated fluorescence was achieved for nanoparticle based systems. One particulate system consisting of a poly(propargyl acrylate) (PA) core with covalently attached derivatized fluorescein and modified bovine serum albumin covalently conjugated to a cyanine 3 derivative was initially nonfluorescent. Upon trypsin addition and subsequent proteolytic digestion, Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET) was induced. The other particulate system consisted of a PA core with covalently attached azide modified BSA, which was covalently attached to a silicon phthalocyanine derivative (PA/BSA/akSiPc600). Both systems were biocompatible. To investigate activated fluorescence with the PA/BSA/akSiPc600 system in cancer cells, human non-small cell lung cancer cells (A549 cell line) were used as a model system. The PA/BSA/akSiPc600 system was incubated with the cells at varying time points in an effort to see a fluorescence increase over time as the cells uptake the particles and as they digest the BSA, most probably, via endocytosis. It was seen, through live cell scanning confocal microscopy, that the fluorescence was activated in the cell.

  13. Background Information for Think Tank on Planning, Governance and System Building Early Care and Education--NYC

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boressoff, Todd

    2008-01-01

    This document provides some background on early childhood planning and system building around the country. Since mid-December, the author has been studying these efforts for Child Care, Inc. (CCI) interviewing national experts and reading widely. This outline provides insights and lesson learned from those inquiries. The goal at this meeting will…

  14. Effects of exogenous hydrogen sulphide on calcium signalling, background (TASK) K channel activity and mitochondrial function in chemoreceptor cells.

    PubMed

    Buckler, Keith J

    2012-04-01

    It has been proposed that endogenous H(2)S mediates oxygen sensing in chemoreceptors; this study investigates the mechanisms by which H(2)S excites carotid body type 1 cells. H(2)S caused a rapid reversible increase in intracellular calcium with EC(50) ≈ 6 μM. This [Ca(2+)](i) response was abolished in Ca-free Tyrode. In perforated patch current clamp recordings, H(2)S depolarised type 1 cells from -59 to -35 mV; this was accompanied by a robust increase in [Ca(2+)](i). Voltage clamping at the resting membrane potential abolished the H(2)S-induced rise in [Ca(2+)](i). H(2)S inhibited background K(+) current in whole cell perforated patch and reduced background K(+) channel activity in cell-attached patch recordings. It is concluded that H(2)S excites type 1 cells through the inhibition of background (TASK) potassium channels leading to membrane depolarisation and voltage-gated Ca(2+) entry. These effects mimic those of hypoxia. H(2)S also inhibited mitochondrial function over a similar concentration range as assessed by NADH autofluorescence and measurement of intracellular magnesium (an index of decline in MgATP). Cyanide inhibited background K channels to a similar extent to H(2)S and prevented H(2)S exerting any further influence over channel activity. These data indicate that the effects of H(2)S on background K channels are a consequence of inhibition of oxidative phosphorylation. Whilst this does not preclude a role for endogenous H(2)S in oxygen sensing via the inhibition of cytochrome oxidase, the levels of H(2)S required raise questions as to the viability of such a mechanism.

  15. 75 FR 6215 - Agency Information Collection Activity

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-08

    ... Volcano Hazards Program (VHP) will provide funding under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) for improvement of the volcano and other monitoring systems and other monitoring- related activities that contribute to mitigation of volcano hazards. This notice concerns the collection of...

  16. 78 FR 56696 - Agency Information Collection Activities

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-13

    ... everyday activities such as interacting with others, thinking, preparing food, taking medications, or..., developmental disabilities and traumatic brain injury. The commenter believes that the separation of these types... that adding developmental disability and traumatic brain injury to our list of disabilities in...

  17. A background traffic activity analysis in a canonical NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization) defense

    SciTech Connect

    Rogers, J.N.; Tooman, T.P.

    1989-04-01

    A canonical defense study in a NATO brigade sector on the northern flank of the US V Corps sector in the Federal Republic of Germany is wargamed to depict the expected vehicular movements during a 24 hour time period. All NATO and Warsaw Pact situations and forces played intentionally portray a ''normal'' battlefield situation, that is one in which events occur according to the established tactics and doctrines for both NATO and WP forces. Activity details which are almost always ignored in broader studies are included. The periodic displacement of high value units (e.g., artillery, air defense, headquarters and target acquisition) to preclude enemy fixing and targeting; the resupply down to company and occasionally platoon level of ammunition, petroleum, rations, etc.; the movement of commanders and staffs; the activity of combat engineers to include site preparation, construction and minefield emplacement; the action of reconnaissance and patrol units; the security of the rear area and POW processing; and the evacuation of casualties are analyzed. The resulting database records the position for every vehicle in both forces at each minute during the period of analysis and is thus an ideal framework for a variety of further studies, such as analyses of intelligence collection devices and modern ordinances. 9 refs., 30 figs., 9 tabs.

  18. 77 FR 20478 - Proposed Agency Information Collection Activities; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-04

    ... Stop 17, Washington, DC 20590, or Ms. Kimberly Toone, Office of Information Technology, RAD-20, Federal.... Kimberly Toone, Office of Information Technology, RAD-20, Federal Railroad Administration, 1200 New Jersey... estimates of the burden of the information collection activities, including the validity of the...

  19. 75 FR 57284 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Cost Submission

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-20

    ... SECURITY U.S. Customs and Border Protection Agency Information Collection Activities: Cost Submission... other Federal agencies to comment on an information collection requirement concerning: Cost Submission... forms of information technology; and (e) the annual costs burden to respondents or record keepers...

  20. 76 FR 31353 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Crewman's Landing Permit

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-31

    ... hours or to this collection of information. Type of Review: Extension (without change). Affected Public... SECURITY U.S. Customs And Border Protection Agency Information Collection Activities: Crewman's Landing... and request for comments; extension of an existing collection of information: 1651-0114. SUMMARY:...

  1. 77 FR 65900 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Delivery Ticket

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-31

    ... SECURITY U.S. Customs and Border Protection Agency Information Collection Activities: Delivery Ticket... and other Federal agencies to comment on an information collection requirement concerning the Delivery... concerning the following information collection: Title: Delivery Ticket. OMB Number: 1651-0081. Form...

  2. 76 FR 63990 - Proposed Agency Information Collection Activities; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-14

    ... regarding (i) Whether the information collection activities are necessary for FRA to properly execute its... with the collection of information mandated by Federal regulations. In summary, FRA reasons that... necessary information on each tag and attach the tags to the equipment. There is no retention...

  3. 75 FR 12807 - Agency Information Collection Activity Under OMB Review

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-17

    ... responsibilities. FTA will use the information to evaluate the impact of the program on air quality and its support..., including the use of automated collection techniques or other forms of information technology. Issued on... Federal Transit Administration Agency Information Collection Activity Under OMB Review AGENCY:...

  4. 77 FR 34461 - Agency Information Collection Activity; Proposed Collection

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-11

    ... Internal Revenue Service Agency Information Collection Activity; Proposed Collection AGENCY: Internal... information collections, as required by the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, Public Law 104-13 (44 U.S.C. 3506... income under Code section 108. The collection of information is required for a taxpayer to elect...

  5. 78 FR 16357 - Proposed Agency Information Collection Activities; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-14

    ... (telephone: (202) 493-6292), or Ms. Kimberly Toone, Office of Information Technology, RAD-20, Federal... information technology. A comment to OMB is best assured of having its full effect if OMB receives it within... Federal Railroad Administration Proposed Agency Information Collection Activities; Comment Request...

  6. 20 CFR 220.142 - General information about work activity.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false General information about work activity. 220... RETIREMENT ACT DETERMINING DISABILITY Substantial Gainful Activity § 220.142 General information about work... experience, skills, supervision and responsibilities, or contribute substantially to the operation of...

  7. 20 CFR 416.973 - General information about work activity.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false General information about work activity. 416... § 416.973 General information about work activity. (a) The nature of your work. If your duties require use of your experience, skills, supervision and responsibilities, or contribute substantially to...

  8. Inversion of Multi-Station Schumann Resonance Background Records for Global Lightning Activity in Absolute Units

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Williams, E. R.; Mushtak, V. C.; Guha, A.; Boldi, R. A.; Bor, J.; Nagy, T.; Satori, G.; Sinha, A. K.; Rawat, R.; Hobara, Y.; Sato, M.; Takahashi, Y.; Price, C. G.; Neska, M.; Alexander, K.; Yampolski, Y.; Moore, R. C.; Mitchell, M. F.; Fraser-Smith, A. C.

    2014-12-01

    Every lightning flash contributes energy to the TEM mode of the natural global waveguide that contains the Earth's Schumann resonances. The modest attenuation at ELF (0.1 dB/Mm) allows for the continuous monitoring of the global lightning with a small number of receiving stations worldwide. In this study, nine ELF receiving sites (in Antarctica (3 sites), Hungary, India, Japan, Poland, Spitsbergen and USA) are used to provide power spectra at 12-minute intervals in two absolutely calibrated magnetic fields and occasionally, one electric field, with up to five resonance modes each. The observables are the extracted modal parameters (peak intensity, peak frequency and Q-factor) for each spectrum. The unknown quantities are the geographical locations of three continental lightning 'chimneys' and their lightning source strengths in absolute units (C2 km2/sec). The unknowns are calculated from the observables by the iterative inversion of an evolving 'sensitivity matrix' whose elements are the partial derivatives of each observable for all receiving sites with respect to each unknown quantity. The propagation model includes the important day-night asymmetry of the natural waveguide. To overcome the problem of multiple minima (common in inversion problems of this kind), location information from the World Wide Lightning Location Network has been used to make initial guess solutions based on centroids of stroke locations in each chimney. Results for five consecutive days in 2009 (Jan 7-11) show UT variations with the African chimney dominating on four of five days, and America dominating on the fifth day. The amplitude variations in absolute source strength exceed that of the 'Carnegie curve' of the DC global circuit by roughly twofold. Day-to-day variations in chimney source strength are of the order of tens of percent. Examination of forward calculations performed with the global inversion solution often show good agreement with the observed diurnal variations at

  9. A Review of the Level and Quality of Information Resources and Programs Available to Students and Parents. Symposium on Information Resources, Services, and Programs. Background Paper Number Two.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Merisotis, Jamie

    This paper discusses the key role of information in helping minority group parents and students gain access to postsecondary education and offers a descriptive framework for understanding information needs and availability. The framework is a taxonomy of the kinds and types of information needed by students and parents in order for the student to…

  10. Locadiff with ambient seismic noise : theoretical background and application to monitoring volcanoes and active faults.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Larose, Eric; Obermann, Anne; Planes, Thomas; Rossetto, Vincent; Margerin, Ludovic; Sens-Schoenfelder, Christoph; Campillo, Michel

    2015-04-01

    This contribution will cover recent theoretical, numerical, and field data processing developments aiming at modeling how coda waves are perturbed (in phase and amplitude) by mechanical changes in the crust. Using continuous ambient seismic noise, we cross-correlate data every day and compare the coda of the correlograms. We can relative velocity changes and waveform decorrelation along the year, that are related to mechanical changes in the shallow crust, associated to the seismic or volcanic activity, but also to environmental effects such as hydrology. Bibliography : Anne Obermann, Thomas Planes, Eric Larose and Michel Campillo, Imaging pre- and co-eruptive structural changes of a volcano with ambient seismic noise, J. Geophys. Res. 118 6285-6294 (2013). A. Obermann, B. Froment, M. Campillo, E. Larose, T. Planès, B. Valette, J. H. Chen, and Q. Y. Liu, Seismic noise correlations to image structural and mechanical changes associated with the Mw7.9 2008-Wenchuan earthquake, J. Geophys. Res. Solid Earth, 119, 1-14,(2014). Thomas Planès, Eric Larose, Ludovic Margerin, Vincent Rossetto, Christoph Sens-Schoenfelder, Decorrelation and phase-shift of coda waves induced by local changes : Multiple scattering approach and numerical validation, Waves in Random and Complex Media 24, 99-125, (2014)

  11. Subway construction activity influence on polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in fine particles: Comparison with a background mountainous site

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kong, Shaofei; Li, Xuxu; Li, Qi; Yin, Yan; Li, Li; Chen, Kui; Liu, Dantong; Yuan, Liang; Pang, Xiaobing

    2015-07-01

    Intensive construction activities worsened the surrounding atmospheric environment in China. Eighteen polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in fine particles (PM2.5) were collected at a subway construction site (SC) of Nanjing and compared with a regional background mountainous site (BM) to examine the influence of anthropogenic activities on concentrations, sources and health risks of PAHs. Average PAH concentrations at SC were higher than BM at a factor of about 5.9. All PAH species at SC were higher than BM, with the SC/BM ratios ranging from 1.3 (NaP) to 10.3 (BaP). PAH profiles differed for the two sites. The SC site had higher mass fractions of PAHs from coal combustion and vehicle emission, while the BM site held higher mass percentages of PAHs from long-range transported wood combustion and industrial activities. Lower temperature at BM may lead to the higher mass percentages of low ring PAHs. Coal combustion, traffic emissions and biomass burning were the common sources for PAHs at both SC and BM. Construction workers were exposed to higher BaPeq concentrations, nearly ten times of the background site and their lifetime cancer risk reached to 0.6 per 1,000,000 exposed worker, owing to the influence of coal combustion, vehicle emission and industrial activities at the surroundings of SC.

  12. Perspectives from space: NASA classroom information and activities

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1992-01-01

    This booklet contains the information and classroom activities included on the backs of the eight poster series, 'Perspectives From Space'. The first series, Earth, An Integrated System, contains information on global ecology, remote sensing from space, data products, earth modeling, and international environmental treaties. The second series, Patterns Among Planets, contains information on the solar system, planetary processes, impacts and atmospheres, and a classroom activity on Jupiter's satellite system. The third series, Our Place In The Cosmos, contains information on the scale of the universe, origins of the universe, mission to the universe, and three classroom activities. The fourth series, Our Sun, The Nearest Star, contains information on the Sun. The fifth series, Oasis Of Life, contains information on the development of life, chemical and biological evolution on Earth and the search for other life in the universe. The sixth series, The Influence Of Gravity, contains information on Newton's Law of Gravity, space and microgravity, microgravity environment, and classroom activities on gravity. The seventh series, The Spirit Of Exploration, contains information on space exploration, the Apollo Program, future exploration activities, and two classroom activities. The eighth series, Global Cooperation, contains information on rocketry, the space race, and multi-nation exploration projects.

  13. Enhancing the effectiveness of clearance for physical activity participation: background and overall process.

    PubMed

    Jamnik, Veronica K; Warburton, Darren E R; Makarski, Julie; McKenzie, Donald C; Shephard, Roy J; Stone, James A; Charlesworth, S; Gledhill, Norman

    2011-07-01

    Recent feedback from physical activity (PA) participants, fitness professionals, and physicians has indicated that there are limitations to the utility and effectiveness of the existing PAR-Q and PARmed-X screening tools for PA participation. The aim of this study was to have authorities in exercise and chronic disease management to work with an expert panel to increase the effectiveness of clearance for PA participation using an evidence-based consensus approach and the well-established Appraisal of Guidelines for Research and Evaluation (AGREE) Instrument. Systematic reviews were conducted to develop a new PA clearance protocol involving risk stratification and a decision-tree process. Evidence-based support was sought for enabling qualified exercise professionals to have a direct role in the PA participation clearance process. The PAR-Q+ was developed to use formalized probes to clarify problematic responses and to explore issues arising from currently diagnosed chronic disease or condition. The original PARmed-X tool is replaced with an interactive computer program (ePARmed-X+) to clear prospective PA participants for either unrestricted or supervised PA or to direct them to obtain medical clearance. Evidence-based validation was also provided for the direct role of highly qualified university-educated exercise professionals in the PA clearance process. The risks associated with exercise during pregnancy were also evaluated. The systematic review and consensus process, conforming to the AGREE Instrument, has provided a sound evidence base for enhanced effectiveness of the clearance process for PA participation of both asymptomatic populations and persons with chronic diseases or conditions.

  14. 77 FR 20689 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Request for Comments for a New Information Collection

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-05

    ... identified by DOT Docket ID 2012- 0032 by any of the following methods: Web Site: For access to the docket to... Traffic Noise Model Version 3.0 Beta-Tester Information. Background: Prior to the release of the Federal Highway Administration Traffic Noise Model (FHWA TNM), the FHWA Highway Traffic Noise Prediction...

  15. 75 FR 10013 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Request for Comments; Renewed Approval of Information...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-04

    ... Approval of Information Collection; State Right-of-Way Operations Manuals, OMB Control Number: 2125-0586... Manuals, OMB Control Number 2125-0586. Background: It is the responsibility of each State Department of... in a right-of-way procedural (operations) manual the organization, policies and procedures of...

  16. 77 FR 4053 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Post-Award Contract Information

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-26

    ... necessary in administering public contracts for supplies and services. The information is used to determine... technical and management progress and controls of the firms holding public contracts to determine if the... SECURITY Agency Information Collection Activities: Post-Award Contract Information AGENCY: Office of...

  17. 77 FR 40371 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Submission for Review; Information Collection Extension...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-09

    ... SECURITY Agency Information Collection Activities: Submission for Review; Information Collection Extension... Security (DHS) invites the general public to comment on the data collection form for the DHS Science...)). The FRCoP web based tool collects profile information from first responders and select authorized...

  18. 77 FR 25185 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Submission for Review; Information Collection Extension...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-27

    ... SECURITY Agency Information Collection Activities: Submission for Review; Information Collection Extension... Directorate, DHS. ACTION: 60-day Notice and request for comment. SUMMARY: The Department of Homeland Security...)). The FRCoP web based tool collects profile information from first responders and select authorized...

  19. 78 FR 66036 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Submission for Review; Information Collection Extension...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-04

    ... SECURITY Agency Information Collection Activities: Submission for Review; Information Collection Extension... Directorate, DHS. ACTION: 30-day Notice and request for comment. SUMMARY: The Department of Homeland Security...)). The FRCoP web based tool collects profile information from first responders and select authorized...

  20. 76 FR 38207 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Extension of a Currently Approved Information Collection

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-29

    ... Management and Budget (OMB) to approve the information collection request (ICR) described below. As required... National Park Service Agency Information Collection Activities: Extension of a Currently Approved Information Collection AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior. ] ACTION: Notice of a revision of a...

  1. 77 FR 34056 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Guam-CNMI Visa Waiver Information

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-08

    ... SECURITY U.S. Customs and Border Protection Agency Information Collection Activities: Guam-CNMI Visa Waiver Information AGENCY: U.S. Customs and Border Protection, Department of Homeland Security. ACTION: 30-Day notice and request for comments; extension of an existing information collection. SUMMARY: U.S. Customs...

  2. 77 FR 12071 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Form G-28, Revision of a Currently Approved Information...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-28

    ... SECURITY U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services Agency Information Collection Activities: Form G-28... Information Collection Under Review: Form G- 28, Notice of Entry of Appearance as Attorney or Accredited... other technological collection techniques, or other forms of information technology, e.g.,...

  3. 78 FR 24206 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Information Collection; USA Spending

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-24

    ... ADMINISTRATION Agency Information Collection Activities; Information Collection; USA Spending AGENCY: Interagency... requirement regarding USA Spending. DATES: Submit comments on or before June 24, 2013. ADDRESSES: Submit comments identified by Information Collection 3090- 00xx, USA Spending, by any of the following...

  4. Activities for endoscopy information systems standardization in Japan.

    PubMed

    Yokoi, Hideto; Fujino, Masayuki A

    2006-01-01

    There are two activities for Japanese endoscopy information system. One is for a standard terminology (Minimal Standard Terminology: MST) for endoscopy reporting. Other is Integrating Healthcare Enterprise Japan (IHE-J) for an integration of hospital information system. In IHE-J activity, the members revealed specificities of an endoscopy workflow by making a comparison with a radiology workflow. The authors will propose a scheme for systematic standardization based on our experiences in the standardization activities.

  5. Background Sizes of the Solar and Interplanetary Active Phenomena Physical Characteristics in Conditions of the Deep and Prolonged Solar Minimum

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ishkov, Vitaly

    The last phase of a minimum begun in May, 2005. Since January, 2009 the solar cycle 24 has begun, and its development goes normal rate, without surprises. In this minimum, side by side with the periods of very high flare activity (IX 2005 and XII 2006 -+5.5 and +6.6 years after a maximum) which on flare potential occupy 4 and 20 place among the most flare-active regions for the last 4 cycles . The Sun within 772 days (on February.2010) was sunspotless. Last three years of a minimum phase give the chance to estimate and analyse the solar active phenomena in the conditions of the lesser generation of solar magnetic fields. It has led to significant falling of an interplanetary magnetic field background level that has in turn predetermined 20

  6. National water-information clearinghouse activities; ground-water perspective

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Haupt, C.A.; Jensen, R.A.

    1988-01-01

    The US Geological Survey (USGS) has functioned for many years as an informal clearinghouse for water resources information, enabling users to access groundwater information effectively. Water resources clearinghouse activities of the USGS are conducted through several separate computerized water information programs that are involved in the collection, storage, retrieval, and distribution of different types of water information. The following USGS programs perform water information clearinghouse functions and provide the framework for a formalized National Water-Information Clearinghouse: (1) The National Water Data Exchange--a nationwide confederation of more than 300 Federal, State, local, government, academic, and private water-oriented organizations that work together to improve access to water data; (2) the Water Resources Scientific Information Center--acquires, abstracts, and indexes the major water-resources-related literature of the world, and provides this information to the water resources community; (3) the Information Transfer Program--develops innovative approaches to transfer information and technology developed within the USGS to audiences in the public and private sectors; (4) the Hydrologic Information Unit--provides responses to a variety of requests, both technical and lay-oriented, for water resources information , and helps efforts to conduct water resources research; (5) the Water Data Storage and Retrieval System--maintains accessible computerized files of hydrologic data collected nationwide, by the USGS and other governmental agencies, from stream gaging stations, groundwater observation wells, and surface- and groundwater quality sampling sites; (6) the Office of Water Data Coordination--coordinate the water data acquisition activities of all agencies of the Federal Government, and is responsible for the planning, design, and inter-agency coordination of a national water data and information network; and (7) the Water Resources Research

  7. 75 FR 22632 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-29

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION Agency Information Collection Activities: Comment Request AGENCY: National Science Foundation. ACTION: Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request. SUMMARY: The National Science Foundation (NSF) has submitted...

  8. 78 FR 43941 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-22

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION Agency Information Collection Activities: Comment Request AGENCY: National Science Foundation. ACTION: Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request. SUMMARY: The National Science Foundation (NSF) has submitted...

  9. 75 FR 4610 - Pipeline Safety: Information Collection Activities

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-28

    ... Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration Pipeline Safety: Information Collection Activities AGENCY: Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration. ACTION: Notice and request for comments... Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA) published a notice in the Federal Register (74 FR...

  10. 76 FR 50539 - Pipeline Safety: Information Collection Activities

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-15

    ... TRANSPORTATION Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration Pipeline Safety: Information Collection Activities AGENCY: Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA), DOT. ACTION: Notice and... collection under Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Control No. 2137-0622, titled ``Pipeline...

  11. 77 FR 46155 - Pipeline Safety: Information Collection Activities

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-02

    ...] [FR Doc No: 2012-18861] DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration [Docket No. PHMSA-2012-0094] Pipeline Safety: Information Collection Activities AGENCY: Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA), DOT. ACTION: Notice and request for...

  12. 75 FR 40863 - Pipeline Safety: Information Collection Activities

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-14

    ... Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration Pipeline Safety: Information Collection Activities AGENCY: Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA), DOT. ACTION: Notice and request... Transportation, Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, 1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE.,...

  13. 77 FR 27279 - Pipeline Safety: Information Collection Activities

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-09

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ] DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration Pipeline Safety: Information Collection Activities AGENCY: Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA), DOT. ACTION: Notice...

  14. 76 FR 45904 - Pipeline Safety: Information Collection Activities

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-01

    ... Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration Pipeline Safety: Information Collection Activities AGENCY: Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA), DOT. ACTION: Notice and request... by mail at U.S. Department of Transportation, Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety...

  15. 76 FR 53714 - Agency Information Collection Activity Under OMB Review

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-29

    ... Federal Transit Administration Agency Information Collection Activity Under OMB Review AGENCY: Federal Transit Administration, DOT. ACTION: Notice of request for comments. SUMMARY: The Federal Transit... and to the Federal Transit Administrator on how grantees are responding to national emphasis areas...

  16. 75 FR 81327 - Agency Information Collection Activity Under OMB Review

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-27

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Transit Administration Agency Information Collection Activity Under OMB Review AGENCY: Federal Transit Administration, DOT. ACTION: Notice of request for comments. SUMMARY: The Federal...

  17. 75 FR 81327 - Agency Information Collection Activity Under OMB Review

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-27

    ... Federal Transit Administration Agency Information Collection Activity Under OMB Review AGENCY: Federal Transit Administration, DOT. ACTION: Notice of request for comments. SUMMARY: The Federal Transit... Planning. Abstract: The Federal Transit Administration (FTA) and Federal Highway Administration...

  18. 78 FR 23816 - Agency Information Collection Activity Under OMB Review

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-22

    ... Federal Transit Administration Agency Information Collection Activity Under OMB Review AGENCY: Federal Transit Administration, DOT. ACTION: Notice of request for comments. SUMMARY: The Federal Transit... State. The Tribal Transit Program, which was approved as a separate program under the American...

  19. 76 FR 62417 - Proposed Information Collection Activity; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-07

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Administration for Children and Families Proposed Information Collection Activity... grantees are structuring Tribal PREP projects within the framework of evidence-based programming... Reduction Act of 1995, the Administration for Children and Families is soliciting public comment on...

  20. 76 FR 76977 - Proposed Information Collection Activity; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-09

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Administration for Children and Families Proposed Information Collection Activity; Comment Request Proposed Projects Title: Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program LIHEAP Leveraging... that have leveraged non-federal home energy resources for low- income households. The LIHEAP...

  1. 77 FR 65692 - Proposed Information Collection Activity; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-30

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Administration for Children and Families Proposed Information Collection Activity... collect this data would seriously compromise the Administration for Children and Families' (ACF) ability... Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, the Administration for Children and Families is soliciting public...

  2. 76 FR 7865 - Proposed Information Collection Activity; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-11

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Administration for Children and Families Proposed Information Collection Activity.... Description: The Office of Head Start within the Administration for Children and Families, United States... Head Start services received by the children and families enrolled in Head Start programs....

  3. 78 FR 59086 - Proposed Agency Information Collection Activities; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-25

    ... Federal Railroad Administration Proposed Agency Information Collection Activities; Comment Request AGENCY: Federal Railroad Administration, DOT. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: In accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 and its implementing regulations, the Federal Railroad Administration (FRA)...

  4. 78 FR 70061 - Proposed Information Collection Activity; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-22

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Administration for Children and Families Proposed Information Collection Activity; Comment Request Proposed Projects Title: OCSE-75 Tribal Child Support Enforcement Program Annual Data... report and submit the OCSE-75 report annually. Respondents: Tribal Child Support...

  5. 77 FR 50699 - Proposed Information Collection Activity; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-22

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Administration for Children and Families Proposed Information Collection Activity; Comment Request Proposed Projects Title: Child Support Document Exchange System (CSDES). Description: The federal Office of Child Support Enforcement (OCSE) is implementing a new application, the Child...

  6. 77 FR 66846 - Proposed Information Collection Activity; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-07

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Administration for Children and Families Proposed Information Collection Activity... can be transmitted electronically to Regional and Central Offices. The Administration for Children and... Act of 1995, the Administration for Children and Families is soliciting public comment on the...

  7. 78 FR 21164 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-09

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION Agency Information Collection Activities: Comment Request AGENCY: National Science Foundation. ACTION: Notice; Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request SUMMARY: The National Science Foundation (NSF)...

  8. 78 FR 21161 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-09

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION Agency Information Collection Activities: Comment Request AGENCY: National Science Foundation. ACTION... respondent burden, the National Science Foundation invites the general public and other Federal agencies...

  9. 77 FR 32143 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-31

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION Agency Information Collection Activities: Comment Request AGENCY: National Science Foundation. ACTION: Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request. SUMMARY: The National Science Foundation (NSF) has submitted...

  10. 78 FR 41805 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-11

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION Agency Information Collection Activities: Comment Request AGENCY: National Science Foundation. ACTION: Submission for OMB review; comment request. SUMMARY: The National Science Foundation (NSF) has submitted...

  11. 78 FR 24461 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-25

    ... economic security of the Nation's people through its administration of the Old Age, Survivors, and... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Request The Social Security Administration...

  12. 77 FR 5258 - Proposed Information Collection Activity; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-02

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Administration for Children and Families Proposed Information Collection Activity..., the Administration for Children and Families (ACF), Administration on Children, Youth and Families... to test new approaches to service delivery or financing structures in an effort to improve...

  13. 78 FR 16764 - Pipeline Safety: Information Collection Activities

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-18

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration Pipeline Safety: Information Collection Activities AGENCY: Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA), DOT. ACTION: Notice and...

  14. 76 FR 70217 - Pipeline Safety: Information Collection Activities

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-10

    ... Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Administration Pipeline Safety: Information Collection Activities ACTION... Act of 1995, the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA) published a notice in... Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE., PHP-30, Washington, DC...

  15. 75 FR 76077 - Pipeline Safety: Information Collection Activities

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-07

    ... Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration Pipeline Safety: Information Collection Activities AGENCY: Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA), DOT. ACTION: Notice and request..., titled ``Pipeline Safety: Periodic Underwater Inspection.'' PHMSA is preparing to request approval...

  16. 75 FR 30099 - Pipeline Safety: Information Collection Activities

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-28

    ... TRANSPORTATION Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration Pipeline Safety: Information Collection Activities AGENCY: Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, DOT. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: In... Collection Request titled: ``Pipeline Safety: New Reporting Requirements for Hazardous Liquid...

  17. 77 FR 10533 - Proposed Information Collection Activity; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-22

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Administration for Children and Families Proposed Information Collection Activity; Comment Request Title: Understanding the Dynamics of Disconnection from Employment and Assistance. OMB No.: New Collection. Description: The Administration for Children and Families (ACF), U.S. Department...

  18. 77 FR 76077 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-26

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION Agency Information Collection Activities: Comment Request AGENCY: National Science Foundation. ACTION...)), and as part of its continuing effort to reduce paperwork and respondent burden, the National...

  19. 78 FR 6141 - Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-29

    ... through Friday. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Title of Collection: Antarctic emergency response plan and....) (``ACA'') regulates certain non- governmental activities in Antarctica. The ACA was amended in 1996 by... owner has an emergency response plan. The rule also requires persons organizing a...

  20. 75 FR 18551 - Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-12

    ... Friday. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Title of Collection: Antarctic emergency response plan and....) (``ACA'') regulates certain non- governmental activities in Antarctica. The ACA was amended in 1996 by... owner has an emergency response plan. The rule also requires persons organizing a...

  1. 78 FR 18672 - Proposed Agency Information Collection Activities; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-27

    ... Federal Railroad Administration Proposed Agency Information Collection Activities; Comment Request AGENCY: Federal Railroad Administration, DOT. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: In accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 and its implementing regulations, the Federal Railroad Administration (FRA)...

  2. 76 FR 34289 - Proposed Agency Information Collection Activities; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-13

    ... Federal Railroad Administration Proposed Agency Information Collection Activities; Comment Request AGENCY: Federal Railroad Administration, (FRA), Department of Transportation (DOT). ACTION: Notice of Office of... Division, RRS-21, Federal Railroad Administration, 1200 New Jersey Ave., SE., Mail Stop 25, Washington,...

  3. 77 FR 58414 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-20

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION Agency Information Collection Activities: Comment Request AGENCY: National Science Foundation. ACTION: Submission for OMB review; comment request. SUMMARY: The National Science Foundation (NSF) has submitted...

  4. 78 FR 23972 - Pipeline Safety: Information Collection Activities

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-23

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration Pipeline Safety: Information Collection Activities AGENCY: Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA), DOT. ACTION: Notice and...

  5. 78 FR 57455 - Pipeline Safety: Information Collection Activities

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-18

    ... Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration Pipeline Safety: Information Collection Activities AGENCY: Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA), DOT. ACTION: Notice and request... of Transportation, Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, 1200 New Jersey Avenue...

  6. 78 FR 32474 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-30

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION Agency Information Collection Activities: Comment Request AGENCY: National Science Foundation. ACTION: Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request. SUMMARY: The National Science Foundation (NSF) has submitted...

  7. 75 FR 70299 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Comment Request.

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-17

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION Agency Information Collection Activities: Comment Request. AGENCY: National Science Foundation. ACTION: Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request. SUMMARY: The National Science Foundation (NSF) has submitted...

  8. 76 FR 27093 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-10

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION Agency Information Collection Activities: Comment Request AGENCY: National Science Foundation. ACTION: Submission for OMB review; comment request. SUMMARY: The National Science Foundation (NSF) has submitted...

  9. 78 FR 32693 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-31

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION Agency Information Collection Activities: Comment Request AGENCY: National Science Foundation. ACTION: Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request. SUMMARY: The National Science Foundation (NSF) has submitted...

  10. 77 FR 19361 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-30

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION Agency Information Collection Activities: Comment Request AGENCY: National Science Foundation. ACTION: Submission for OMB review; comment request. SUMMARY: The National Science Foundation (NSF) has submitted...

  11. 76 FR 27093 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-10

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION Agency Information Collection Activities: Comment Request AGENCY: National Science Foundation. ACTION: Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request. SUMMARY: The National Science Foundation (NSF) has submitted...

  12. 75 FR 56596 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-16

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION Agency Information Collection Activities: Comment Request AGENCY: National Science Foundation. ACTION: Notice; Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request. SUMMARY: The National Science Foundation (NSF)...

  13. 77 FR 64830 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-23

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION Agency Information Collection Activities: Comment Request AGENCY: National Science Foundation. ACTION: Submission for OMB review; comment request. SUMMARY: The National Science Foundation (NSF) has submitted...

  14. 75 FR 26286 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-11

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION Agency Information Collection Activities: Comment Request AGENCY: National Science Foundation. ACTION: Submission for OMB review; comment request. SUMMARY: The National Science Foundation (NSF) has submitted...

  15. 75 FR 36123 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-24

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION Agency Information Collection Activities: Comment Request AGENCY: National Science Foundation. ACTION: Submission for OMB review; comment request. SUMMARY: The National Science Foundation (NSF) has submitted...

  16. 78 FR 26843 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-08

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Request The Social Security Administration (SSA... . (SSA) Social Security Administration, DCRDP, Attn: Reports Clearance Director, 107 Altmeyer...

  17. 78 FR 20899 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-08

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office BUREAU OF CONSUMER FINANCIAL PROTECTION Agency Information Collection Activities: Comment Request AGENCY: Bureau of Consumer Financial... of 1995 (PRA), the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (Bureau) is proposing to renew the...

  18. 76 FR 9787 - Proposed Information Collection Activity; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-22

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Administration for Children and Families Proposed Information Collection Activity... collection. Description: The Office of Community Services (OCS) within the Administration for Children and... 402 of the Community Opportunities, Accountability, and Training and Educational Services Act of...

  19. Signal detection in a lumpy background: effects of providing more information to the human than just raw data

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gallas, Brandon D.; Barrett, Harrison H.

    1999-05-01

    In this paper we present a modification to the standard two- alternative forced-choice (2AFC) experiment in an attempt to help the human detect signals by providing redundant information. We call the old experiment 2AFC_RAW, and the new experiment, 2AFC_FILTER. In the 2AFC_FILTER experiment, we provide the observer with the pair of raw data images (as in 2AFC_RAW) plus filtered versions of the raw data. The thought behind this modification is that the human might benefit from generic pre-processing of the data into multiple images, each extracting different information. We defined two different 2AFC_FILTER experiments, each using Laguerre-Gauss functions as the filters. The difference between the two was their defining Gaussian envelope. We tested human performance given a variety of image classes with the 2AFC_RAW and the two 2AFC_FILTER experiments. The same raw data were used in each. We found that there was a significant human performance increase from the 2AFC_RAW to the 2AFC_FILTER experiment. It was also seen that the choice of the filters made a difference. Specifically, human performance was better when the Gaussian envelope of the Laguerre-Gauss functions matched the signal.

  20. 77 FR 20399 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Notice; Correction

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-04

    ... document (FR Doc. 2012-6332) announced the approval of mandatory financial information collection on BHCs... Agency Information Collection Activities: Notice; Correction SUMMARY: The Board of Governors of the... revisions to the Consolidated Financial Statements for Bank Holding Companies (BHC). This document...

  1. Factors Influencing Teachers' Engagement in Informal Learning Activities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lohman, Margaret C.

    2006-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to examine factors influencing the engagement of public school teachers in informal learning activities. Design/methodology/approach: This study used a survey research design. Findings: Analysis of the data found that teachers rely to a greater degree on interactive than on independent informal learning…

  2. 75 FR 76022 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Cost Submission

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-07

    ... SECURITY Customs and Border Protection Agency Information Collection Activities: Cost Submission AGENCY: U... approval in accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act: Cost Submission (CBP Form 247). This is a proposed... forms of information. Title: Cost Submission. OMB Number: 1651-0028. Form Number: 247. Abstract:...

  3. 76 FR 17978 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Emergency Clearance Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-31

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION Agency Information Collection Activities: Emergency Clearance Request The Social Security Administration (SSA) publishes a list of information collection packages requiring clearance by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) in compliance...

  4. 77 FR 41442 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-13

    ... U.S. Geological Survey Agency Information Collection Activities: Comment Request AGENCY: U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), Interior. ACTION: Notice of an extension of an information collection (1028- 0082..., Shari Baloch, U.S. Geological Survey, 12201 Sunrise Valley Drive MS 807, Reston, VA 20192 (mail);...

  5. 75 FR 29803 - Agency Information Collection Activity Seeking OMB Approval

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-27

    ... Federal Aviation Administration Agency Information Collection Activity Seeking OMB Approval AGENCY... our intention to request the Office of Management and Budget's (OMB) extension of a current information collection. The Federal Register Notice with a 60-day comment period soliciting comments on...

  6. 75 FR 70341 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Emergency Clearance Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-17

    ... ADMINISTRATION Agency Information Collection Activities: Emergency Clearance Request The Social Security Administration (SSA) publishes a list of information collection packages requiring clearance by the Office of... Desk Officer and SSA Reports Clearance Officer to the following addresses or fax numbers. (OMB),...

  7. 75 FR 37518 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Emergency Clearance Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-29

    ... ADMINISTRATION Agency Information Collection Activities: Emergency Clearance Request The Social Security Administration (SSA) publishes a list of information collection packages requiring clearance by the Office of... Desk Officer and SSA Reports Clearance Officer to the following addresses or fax numbers. (OMB),...

  8. 76 FR 23324 - Proposed Information Collection Activity; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-26

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Administration for Children and Families Proposed Information Collection Activity; Comment Request Title: State Plan for the Temporary Assistance of Needy Families (TANF). OMB No. 0970-0145... and Families is soliciting public comment on the specific aspects of the information...

  9. 78 FR 66365 - Proposed Information Collection Activity; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-05

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Administration for Children and Families Proposed Information Collection Activity... Administration for Children and Families is soliciting public comment on the specific aspects of the information... be forwarded by writing to the Administration for Children and Families, Office of Planning,...

  10. 75 FR 45154 - National Security Division; Agency Information Collection Activities:

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-02

    ... National Security Division; Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection; Comments... (Foreign Agents). The Department of Justice (DOJ), National Security Division (NSD), will be submitting the... information, please write to U.S. Department of Justice, 10th & Constitution Avenue, NW., National...

  11. 78 FR 70065 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Customs Declaration

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-22

    ... SECURITY U.S. Customs and Border Protection Agency Information Collection Activities: Customs Declaration AGENCY: U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP), Department of Homeland Security ACTION: 60-Day notice... and other Federal agencies to comment on an information collection requirement concerning the...

  12. 77 FR 1947 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Jade Act

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-12

    ... SECURITY U.S. Customs and Border Protection Agency Information Collection Activities: Jade Act AGENCY: U.S... agencies to comment on an information collection requirement concerning the JADE Act. This request for...: Title: JADE Act. OMB Number: 1651-0133. Form Number: None. Abstract: The Tom Lantos Block Burmese...

  13. 76 FR 28801 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Bonded Warehouse Regulations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-18

    ... SECURITY U.S. Customs and Border Protection Agency Information Collection Activities: Bonded Warehouse... approval in accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act: Bonded Warehouse Regulations. This is a proposed..., mechanical, or other technological techniques or other forms of information. Title: Bonded...

  14. 78 FR 70569 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Commercial Invoice

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-26

    ... Information Collection Activities: Commercial Invoice AGENCY: U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP... collection requirement concerning the Commercial Invoice. This request for comment is being made pursuant to... information collection: Title: Commercial Invoice. OMB Number: 1651-0090. Form Number: None. Abstract:...

  15. 75 FR 71717 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Commercial Invoice

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-24

    ... SECURITY U.S. Customs and Border Protection Agency Information Collection Activities: Commercial Invoice... accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act: Commercial Invoice. This is a proposed extension of an..., mechanical, or other technological techniques or other forms of information. Title: Commercial Invoice....

  16. 75 FR 57465 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-21

    ....S. Agency Information Collection Activities: Comment Request AGENCY: Export-Import Bank of the U.S. ACTION: Submission for OMB Review and Comments Request. Form Title: U.S. Beneficiary Certificate and... Vermont Ave., NW., Washington, DC 20571. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Titles and Form Number: EIB 92-37...

  17. 75 FR 68809 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Importation Bond Structure

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-09

    ... Information Collection Activities: Importation Bond Structure AGENCY: U.S. Customs and Border Protection...: Importation Bond Structure. This is a proposed extension and revision of an information collection that was...: Importation Bond Structure. OMB Number: 1651-0050. Form Numbers: 301 and 5297. Abstract: Bonds are used...

  18. 75 FR 47607 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Voluntary Customer Survey

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-06

    ... SECURITY U.S. Customs and Border Protection Agency Information Collection Activities: Voluntary Customer Survey AGENCY: U.S. Customs and Border Protection, Department of Homeland Security. ACTION: 30-Day notice and request for comments; Proposal to establish a new collection of information. SUMMARY: U.S....

  19. 78 FR 1220 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Guarantee of Payment

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-08

    ... SECURITY U.S. Customs and Border Protection Agency Information Collection Activities: Guarantee of Payment AGENCY: U.S. Customs and Border Protection, Department of Homeland Security. ACTION: 30-Day notice and request for comments; Extension of an existing information collection. SUMMARY: U.S. Customs and...

  20. 77 FR 60132 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Crew Member's Declaration

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-02

    ... SECURITY U.S. Customs and Border Protection Agency Information Collection Activities; Crew Member's Declaration AGENCY: U.S. Customs and Border Protection, Department of Homeland Security. ACTION: 30-Day notice and request for comments; Extension of an existing information collection. SUMMARY: U.S. Customs...

  1. 77 FR 34055 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Certificate of Registration

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-08

    ... SECURITY U.S. Customs and Border Protection Agency Information Collection Activities: Certificate of Registration AGENCY: U.S. Customs and Border Protection, Department of Homeland Security. ACTION: 30-Day notice and request for comments; Extension of an existing information collection. SUMMARY: U.S. Customs...

  2. 78 FR 1219 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Delivery Ticket

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-08

    ... SECURITY U.S. Customs and Border Protection Agency Information Collection Activities: Delivery Ticket AGENCY: U.S. Customs and Border Protection, Department of Homeland Security. ACTION: 30-Day notice and request for comments; Extension of an existing information collection. SUMMARY: U.S. Customs and...

  3. 77 FR 38307 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Lien Notice

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-27

    ... SECURITY U.S. Customs and Border Protection Agency Information Collection Activities: Lien Notice AGENCY: U.S. Customs and Border Protection, Department of Homeland Security. ACTION: 30-Day notice and request for comments; Extension of an existing information collection. SUMMARY: U.S. Customs and...

  4. 75 FR 68808 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Free Trade Agreements

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-09

    ...] [FR Doc No: 2010-28214] DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY U.S. Customs and Border Protection Agency Information Collection Activities: Free Trade Agreements AGENCY: U.S. Customs and Border Protection... existing information collection: 1651-0117. SUMMARY: U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) of...

  5. 76 FR 27079 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Notice of Detention

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-10

    ... SECURITY U.S. Customs and Border Protection Agency Information Collection Activities: Notice of Detention AGENCY: U.S. Customs and Border Protection, Department of Homeland Security. ACTION: 30-Day notice and request for comments; Extension of an existing information collection: 1651-0073. SUMMARY: U.S....

  6. 77 FR 73038 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Foreign Assembler's Declaration

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-07

    ... SECURITY U.S. Customs and Border Protection Agency Information Collection Activities: Foreign Assembler's Declaration AGENCY: U.S. Customs and Border Protection, Department of Homeland Security. ACTION: 30-day notice and request for comments; Extension of an existing collection of information. SUMMARY: U.S....

  7. 77 FR 27242 - Agency Information Collection Activities: General Declaration

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-09

    ... SECURITY Customs and Border Protection Agency Information Collection Activities: General Declaration AGENCY: U.S. Customs and Border Protection, Department of Homeland Security. ACTION: 30-Day notice and request for comments; Extension of an existing information collection. SUMMARY: U.S. Customs and...

  8. 78 FR 41943 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Trusted Traveler Programs

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-12

    ... SECURITY U.S. Customs and Border Protection Agency Information Collection Activities; Trusted Traveler Programs AGENCY: U.S. Customs and Border Protection, Department of Homeland Security. ACTION: 30-Day notice.... Customs and Border Protection (CBP) will be submitting the following information collection request to...

  9. 78 FR 1878 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Administrative Rulings

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-09

    ... SECURITY U.S. Customs and Border Protection Agency Information Collection Activities: Administrative Rulings AGENCY: U.S. Customs and Border Protection, Department of Homeland Security. ACTION: 30-Day notice and request for comments; Extension of an existing information collection. SUMMARY: U.S. Customs...

  10. 76 FR 65529 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-21

    ... approve the information collection (IC) described below. for the National Land Remote Sensing Education...) . SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Title: National Land Remote Sensing Education, Outreach and Research Activity... effort is through the U.S. Geological Survey's Land Remote Sensing Program, therefore it is...

  11. 75 FR 3275 - Proposed Agency Information Collection Activities; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-20

    ...In accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 and its implementing regulations, the Federal Railroad Administration (FRA) hereby announces that it is seeking renewal of the following currently approved information collection activities. Before submitting these information collection requirements for clearance by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), FRA is soliciting public......

  12. 75 FR 78993 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-17

    ....S. Agency Information Collection Activities: Comment Request AGENCY: Export-Import Bank of the U.S. ACTION: Submission for OMB review and comments request. Form Title: U.S. Beneficiary Certificate and...., Washington, DC 20038 attn: OMB 3048-0022. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Titles and Form Number: EIB 92-37...

  13. 78 FR 41363 - Information Collection Activity; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-10

    ... Rural Utilities Service Information Collection Activity; Comment Request AGENCY: Rural Utilities Service... of 1995 (44 U.S.C. Chapter 35, as amended), the Rural Utilities Service (RUS) invites comments on this information collection for which approval from the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) will...

  14. 75 FR 27563 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Voluntary Customer Survey

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-17

    ... SECURITY U.S. Customs and Border Protection Agency Information Collection Activities: Voluntary Customer... Voluntary Customer Survey. This request for comment is being made pursuant to the Paperwork Reduction Act of... following information collection: Title: Voluntary Customer Survey. OMB Number: Will be assigned...

  15. 76 FR 26311 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Harbor Maintenance Fee

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-06

    ... SECURITY U.S. Customs and Border Protection Agency Information Collection Activities: Harbor Maintenance... concerning the Harbor Maintenance Fee (CBP Forms 349 and 350). This request for comment is being made... keepers from the collection of information (a total capital/startup costs and operations and...

  16. 75 FR 24959 - Proposed Information Collection Activity: Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-06

    ... through the use of automated collection techniques or other forms of information technology. Consideration... HUMAN SERVICES Administration for Children and Families Proposed Information Collection Activity... Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA), that was created to jumpstart the economy, and create or save millions of...

  17. Technical background information for the environmental and safety report, Volume 5: the 1977 Clinch River sediment survey - data presentation

    SciTech Connect

    Oakes, T.W.; Ohnesorge, W.F.; Eldridge, J.S.; Scott, T.G.; Parsons, D.W.; Hubbard, H.M.; Sealand, O.M.; Shank, K.E.; Eyman, L.D.

    1982-11-01

    This study determined the fate and distribution of nuclides in the Clinch River by analyzing selected cores for transuranic radionuclide activity and examined the effect of the altered flow regime in the Clinch River on the distribution of the fission product activity. Cores were collected along the full length of the Clinch River from the WOC outfall (CRM 20.8) to locations in the Tennessee River on either side of the junction of the two rivers. The sampling was concentrated around CRM 20.8 and the proposed CRBR site. An inventory of alpha-emitting radionuclides and gamma-emitting fission products and their lateral and vertical distribution patterns in the Clinch River was established.

  18. Preclinical pharmacology of AZD5363, an inhibitor of AKT: pharmacodynamics, antitumor activity, and correlation of monotherapy activity with genetic background.

    PubMed

    Davies, Barry R; Greenwood, Hannah; Dudley, Phillippa; Crafter, Claire; Yu, De-Hua; Zhang, Jingchuan; Li, Jing; Gao, Beirong; Ji, Qunsheng; Maynard, Juliana; Ricketts, Sally-Ann; Cross, Darren; Cosulich, Sabina; Chresta, Christine C; Page, Ken; Yates, James; Lane, Clare; Watson, Rebecca; Luke, Richard; Ogilvie, Donald; Pass, Martin

    2012-04-01

    AKT is a key node in the most frequently deregulated signaling network in human cancer. AZD5363, a novel pyrrolopyrimidine-derived compound, inhibited all AKT isoforms with a potency of 10 nmol/L or less and inhibited phosphorylation of AKT substrates in cells with a potency of approximately 0.3 to 0.8 μmol/L. AZD5363 monotherapy inhibited the proliferation of 41 of 182 solid and hematologic tumor cell lines with a potency of 3 μmol/L or less. Cell lines derived from breast cancers showed the highest frequency of sensitivity. There was a significant relationship between the presence of PIK3CA and/or PTEN mutations and sensitivity to AZD5363 and between RAS mutations and resistance. Oral dosing of AZD5363 to nude mice caused dose- and time-dependent reduction of PRAS40, GSK3β, and S6 phosphorylation in BT474c xenografts (PRAS40 phosphorylation EC(50) ~ 0.1 μmol/L total plasma exposure), reversible increases in blood glucose concentrations, and dose-dependent decreases in 2[18F]fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose ((18)F-FDG) uptake in U87-MG xenografts. Chronic oral dosing of AZD5363 caused dose-dependent growth inhibition of xenografts derived from various tumor types, including HER2(+) breast cancer models that are resistant to trastuzumab. AZD5363 also significantly enhanced the antitumor activity of docetaxel, lapatinib, and trastuzumab in breast cancer xenografts. It is concluded that AZD5363 is a potent inhibitor of AKT with pharmacodynamic activity in vivo, has potential to treat a range of solid and hematologic tumors as monotherapy or a combinatorial agent, and has potential for personalized medicine based on the genetic status of PIK3CA, PTEN, and RAS. AZD5363 is currently in phase I clinical trials.

  19. Anesthetic activation of central respiratory chemoreceptor neurons involves inhibition of a THIK-1-like background K+ current

    PubMed Central

    Lazarenko, Roman M.; Fortuna, Michal G.; Shi, Yingtang; Mulkey, Daniel K.; Takakura, Ana C.; Moreira, Thiago S.; Guyenet, Patrice G.; Bayliss, Douglas A.

    2010-01-01

    At surgical depths of anesthesia, inhalational anesthetics cause a loss of motor response to painful stimuli (i.e., immobilization) that is characterized by profound inhibition of spinal motor circuits. Yet, although clearly depressed, the respiratory motor system continues to provide adequate ventilation under these same conditions. Here, we show that isoflurane causes robust activation of CO2/pH-sensitive, Phox2b-expressing neurons located in the retrotrapezoid nucleus (RTN) of the rodent brainstem, in vitro and in vivo. In brainstem slices from Phox2b-eGFP mice, the firing of pH-sensitive RTN neurons was strongly increased by isoflurane, independent of prevailing pH conditions. At least two ionic mechanisms contributed to anesthetic activation of RTN neurons: activation of a Na+-dependent cationic current and inhibition of a background K+ current. Single cell RT-PCR analysis of dissociated GFP-labeled RTN neurons revealed expression of THIK-1 (K2P13.1), a channel that shares key properties with the native RTN current (i.e., suppression by inhalational anesthetics, weak rectification, inhibition by extracellular Na+, and pH-insensitivity). Isoflurane also increased firing rate of RTN chemosensitive neurons in urethane-anesthetized rats, again independent of CO2 levels. In these animals, isoflurane transiently enhanced activity of the respiratory system, an effect that was most prominent at low levels of respiratory drive and mediated largely by an increase in respiratory frequency. These data indicate that inhalational anesthetics cause activation of RTN neurons, which serve an important integrative role in respiratory control; the increased drive provided by enhanced RTN neuronal activity may contribute, in part, to maintaining respiratory motor activity under immobilizing anesthetic conditions. PMID:20610767

  20. Genetic and epigenetic background and protein expression profiles in relation to telomerase activation in medullary thyroid carcinoma

    PubMed Central

    Wang, Na; Kjellin, Hanna; Sofiadis, Anastasios; Fotouhi, Omid; Juhlin, C. Christofer; Bäckdahl, Martin; Zedenius, Jan; Xu, Dawei; Lehtiö, Janne; Larsson, Catharina

    2016-01-01

    Medullary thyroid carcinomas (MTCs) exhibit telomerase activation in strong association with shorter patient survival. To understand the background of telomerase activation we quantified TERT copy numbers and TERT promoter methylation in 42 MTCs and normal thyroid references. Gain of TERT was demonstrated by quantitative PCR in 5/39 sporadic MTC. Increased methylation index (MetI) for CpG methylation at the TERT promoter was found in sporadic MTCs (P < 0.0001) and in MEN 2 associated MTCs (P = 0.011) vs. normal thyroid tissues. MetI correlated positively with TERT gene expression (r = 0.432, P = 0.006) and negatively with telomere length (r = −0.343, P = 0.032). MTC cases with MetI above the median of 52% had shorter survival as compared to cases with lower MetI (P = 0.005 for overall survival and P = 0.007 for disease-related survival). Protein expression profiles obtained by mass spectrometry were then studied in relation to telomerase activation in MTCs. Comparing protein levels between tumors defined by telomerase activity status, 240 proteins were associated with telomerase activity. Among telomerase activation positive cases a set of proteins was found to discriminate between MTCs with high and low TERT gene expression with enrichment for proteins involved in telomerase regulation. XRCC5 mRNA expression was found increased in MTCs vs. normal thyroid (P = 0.007). In conclusion the findings suggest a role for TERT copy number gain, TERT promoter methylation and XRCC5 expression in telomerase activation and telomere maintenance of MTC. PMID:26870890

  1. Environmental and school influences on physical activity in South Asian children from low socio-economic backgrounds: A qualitative study.

    PubMed

    Eyre, Emma Lisa Jane; Duncan, Michael J; Birch, Samantha L; Cox, Val

    2015-09-01

    South Asian (SA) children are less active but have enhanced metabolic risk factors. Physical activity (PA) is a modifiable risk factor for metabolic disease. Evidence suggests that environmental factors and socio-economic status influence PA behaviour. The purpose of this study was to understand PA environments, barriers and facilitators of PA in deprived environments for children from SA backgrounds. Focus groups were conducted with 5 groups of children aged 7-9 years (n = 33; male = 16, female = 17; SA = 17, White = 8 and Black = 8) from two schools in deprived wards of Coventry, England. Thematic analysis was used to identify key themes and subthemes across all transcripts. From the results, emergent themes included school and home environment, outdoor activity, equipment, weather, parental constraints and safety. Ethnic differences were apparent for sources of beliefs and knowledge and religious practice as constraints for PA. The findings suggest that school provides a good foundation for PA attitude, knowledge and behaviour, especially for SA children. To increase PA, multi-component interventions are needed, which focus on changing the home environment (i.e. junk food and media time), encouraging outdoors activity, changing perceptions of safety and weather conditions, which provide parental constraints for children. Interventions also need to be considerate to religious practices that might constrain time.

  2. Supporting Reflective Activities in Information Seeking on the Web

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Saito, Hitomi; Miwa, Kazuhisa

    Recently, many opportunities have emerged to use the Internet in daily life and classrooms. However, with the growth of the World Wide Web (Web), it is becoming increasingly difficult to find target information on the Internet. In this study, we explore a method for developing the ability of users in information seeking on the Web and construct a search process feedback system supporting reflective activities of information seeking on the Web. Reflection is defined as a cognitive activity for monitoring, evaluating, and modifying one's thinking and process. In the field of learning science, many researchers have investigated reflective activities that facilitate learners' problem solving and deep understanding. The characteristics of this system are: (1) to show learners' search processes on the Web as described, based on a cognitive schema, and (2) to prompt learners to reflect on their search processes. We expect that users of this system can reflect on their search processes by receiving information on their own search processes provided by the system, and that these types of reflective activity helps them to deepen their understanding of information seeking activities. We have conducted an experiment to investigate the effects of our system. The experimental results confirmed that (1) the system actually facilitated the learners' reflective activities by providing process visualization and prompts, and (2) the learners who reflected on their search processes more actively understood their own search processes more deeply.

  3. 76 FR 8373 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Revision of an Existing Information Collection; Comment...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-14

    ... SECURITY United States Immigration and Customs Enforcement Agency Information Collection Activities..., * * * * * The Department of Homeland Security, U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE), will be... should be addressed to OMB Desk Officer, for United States Immigration and Customs...

  4. 75 FR 44841 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Revision of a Currently-Approved Information Collection...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-29

    ... Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration Agency Information Collection Activities; Revision of a... AGENCY: Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA), DOT. ACTION: Notice; correction. SUMMARY... Motor Carrier Safety Administration, West Building 6th Floor, 1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE.,...

  5. 77 FR 74667 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Information To...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-17

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed... Distribution Number Reporting Requirements AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is announcing an opportunity for public comment on the...

  6. 76 FR 622 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Request for Comments for a New Information Collection

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-05

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Highway Administration Agency Information Collection Activities: Request for Comments for a New... conducted: A field experiment using Global Positioning System (GPS) trackers; a multi-driver...

  7. 75 FR 54416 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Notice of Request for Approval of a New Information...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-07

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Highway Administration Agency Information Collection Activities: Notice of Request for Approval of...) trackers; a multi-driver traffic simulation experiment; and a single driver simulator experiment....

  8. 75 FR 53322 - Agency Information Collection Activities: New Information Collection; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-31

    ... SECURITY United States Immigration and Customs Enforcement Agency Information Collection Activities: New... of Management and Budget. Comments should be addressed to OMB Desk Officer, for United States... Security, U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (USICE), will submit the following...

  9. 78 FR 23577 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Extension, Without Change, of an Existing Information...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-19

    ... SECURITY United States Immigration and Customs Enforcement Agency Information Collection Activities... Officer, for United States Immigration and Customs Enforcement, Department of Homeland Security, and sent...,500 annual burden hours. Comments should be addressed to OMB Desk Officer, for United...

  10. 75 FR 24721 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Extension of an Existing Information Collection...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-05

    ... SECURITY United States Immigration and Customs Enforcement Agency Information Collection Activities... Homeland Security, U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (USICE), has submitted the following...), Joseph M. Gerhart, Chief, Records Management Branch, U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement, 500...

  11. 75 FR 53322 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Extension of an Existing Information Collection...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-31

    ... SECURITY United States Immigration and Customs Enforcement Agency Information Collection Activities... United States Immigration and Customs Enforcement, Department of Homeland Security, and sent via... Department of Homeland Security, U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (USICE), will submit the...

  12. 77 FR 33478 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Extension, Without Change, of an Existing Information...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-06

    ... SECURITY United States Immigration and Customs Enforcement Agency Information Collection Activities... should be addressed to OMB Desk Officer, for United States Immigration and Customs Enforcement... abstract: Primary: State, Local, or Tribal Government. Section 404(b) of the Immigration and...

  13. 76 FR 4931 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Extension of an Existing Information Collection...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-27

    ... SECURITY United States Immigration and Customs Enforcement Agency Information Collection Activities... Officer, for United States Immigration and Customs Enforcement, Department of Homeland Security, and sent...) of the Immigration and Naturalization Act provides for the reimbursement to States and localities...

  14. 75 FR 62560 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Extension of a Currently Approved Information...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-12

    ... SECURITY United States Immigration and Customs Enforcement Agency Information Collection Activities...-0021. The Department of Homeland Security, U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE), is.... Immigration and Customs Enforcement, Department of Homeland Security, and sent via electronic mail to...

  15. 77 FR 65900 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Extension, With Change, of an Existing Information...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-31

    ... SECURITY United States Immigration and Customs Enforcement Agency Information Collection Activities... should be addressed to OMB Desk Officer, for United States Immigration and Customs Enforcement.... 1653- 0043. The Department of Homeland Security, U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE),...

  16. 76 FR 31971 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Form I-212; Extension of an Existing Information...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-02

    ... SECURITY U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services Agency Information Collection Activities: Form I-212.... Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) will be submitting the following information collection request... Homeland Security sponsoring the collection: Form I-212; U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services...

  17. 75 FR 60771 - Agency Information Collection Activities: New Information Collection; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-01

    ... SECURITY U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services Agency Information Collection Activities: New... and Immigration Services (USCIS) will be submitting the following information collection request for.... Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS). (4) Affected public who will be asked or required to respond,...

  18. 75 FR 30050 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Form N-648, Revision of an Existing Information...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-28

    ... SECURITY U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services Agency Information Collection Activities: Form N-648... Information Collection Under Review: Form N-648, Medical Certification for Disability Exceptions. OMB Control... applicable component of the Department of Homeland Security sponsoring the collection: Form N-648....

  19. 75 FR 5099 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Form N-648, Revision of an Existing Information...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-01

    ... SECURITY U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services Agency Information Collection Activities: Form N-648... information collection under review: Form N- 648, Medical Certification for Disability Exceptions. OMB Control... component of the Department of Homeland Security sponsoring the collection: Form N-648. U.S. Citizenship...

  20. 77 FR 24507 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Form N-25, Extension of an Existing Information...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-24

    ... SECURITY U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services Agency Information Collection Activities: Form N-25... Information Collection Under Review: Form N- 25, Request for Verification of Naturalization. The Department of... component of the Department of Homeland Security sponsoring the collection: Form N-25. U.S. Citizenship...

  1. 77 FR 16517 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection; Comment Request-Information...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-21

    ... Food and Nutrition Service Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection; Comment Request--Information Collection for the National School Lunch Program AGENCY: Food and Nutrition Service... Monitoring, Child Nutrition Division, Food and Nutrition Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, 3101...

  2. 76 FR 48874 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Form G-884, Extension of an Existing Information...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-09

    ... SECURITY Citizenship and Immigration Services Agency Information Collection Activities: Form G-884... Collection Under Review: Form G- 884, Request for the Return of Original Document(s). The Department of..., e.g., permitting electronic submission of responses. Overview of This Information Collection...

  3. 76 FR 24908 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Form G-639; Extension of an Existing Information...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-03

    ... SECURITY U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services Agency Information Collection Activities: Form G-639... Collection Under Review; Form G- 639, Freedom of Information/Privacy Act Request; OMB Control No. 1615- 0102.... During this 60 day period, USCIS will be evaluating whether to revise the Form G-639. Should USCIS...

  4. 75 FR 23785 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Form G-639; Extension of an Existing Information...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-04

    ... SECURITY U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services Agency Information Collection Activities: Form G-639... Collection Under Review; Form G- 639, Freedom of Information/Privacy Act Request; OMB Control No. 1615- 0102... this 60 day period, USCIS will be evaluating whether to revise the Form G-639. Should USCIS decide...

  5. 75 FR 65607 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection; Comment Request-Information...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-26

    ... information collection for determining eligibility for free and reduced price meals and free milk in schools... in the free milk option of the School Milk Program must make free milk available for eligible... milk in schools, School Food Authorities to report information related to verification activities...

  6. 77 FR 35418 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Biographic Information, Extension, Without Change of a...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-13

    ... SECURITY U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services Agency Information Collection Activities: Biographic.... (2) Title of the Form/Collection: Biographic Information. (3) Agency form number, if any, and the applicable component of the Department of Homeland Security sponsoring the collection: G-325,...

  7. 76 FR 20997 - Agency Information Collection Activities: New Information Collection; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-14

    ... SECURITY United States Immigration and Customs Enforcement Agency Information Collection Activities: New.... Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE), will be submitting the following information collection request for.... Immigration and Customs Enforcement, 500 12th Street, SW., STOP 5705, Washington, DC 20536- 5705. Comments...

  8. 77 FR 42322 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Extension, Without Change, of an Existing Information...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-18

    ... SECURITY United States Immigration and Customs Enforcement Agency Information Collection Activities...: State, Local, or Tribal Government. Section 404(b) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101... immigration emergency. This collection of information allows for State or local governments to...

  9. 77 FR 49823 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Extension, Without Change, of an Existing Information...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-17

    ... SECURITY United States Immigration and Customs Enforcement Agency Information Collection Activities... Information Collection; I-395; Affidavit in Lieu of Lost Receipt of United States ICE for Collateral Accepted... collection. (2) Title of the Form/Collection: Affidavit in Lieu of Lost Receipt of United States...

  10. 77 FR 38651 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Extension, Without Change, of an Existing Information...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-28

    ... SECURITY United States Immigration and Customs Enforcement Agency Information Collection Activities...: State, Local, or Tribal Government. Section 404(b) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101... immigration emergency. This collection of information allows for State or local governments to...

  11. 75 FR 68372 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Extension of an Existing Information Collection...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-05

    ... SECURITY United States Immigration and Customs Enforcement Agency Information Collection Activities... Collection for Review; Immigration Bond; OMB Control No. 1653-0022. The Department of Homeland Security, U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (USICE), will be submitting the following information collection...

  12. 77 FR 47656 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Extension, Without Change, of an Existing Information...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-09

    ... SECURITY United States Immigration and Customs Enforcement Agency Information Collection Activities...: Primary: State, Local, or Tribal Government. Section 404(b) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S... meeting an immigration emergency. This collection of information allows for State or local governments...

  13. 77 FR 50147 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Extension, Without Change, of an Existing Information...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-20

    ... SECURITY United States Immigration and Customs Enforcement Agency Information Collection Activities... information collection; I-395; Affidavit in Lieu of Lost Receipt of United States ICE for Collateral Accepted... collection. (2) Title of the Form/Collection: Affidavit in Lieu of Lost Receipt of United States...

  14. 75 FR 24720 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Extension of an Existing Information Collection...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-05

    ... SECURITY United States Immigration and Customs Enforcement Agency Information Collection Activities.... Immigration and Customs Enforcement (USICE), has submitted the following information collection request for... Management Branch, U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement, 500 12th Street, SW., Room 3138, Washington,...

  15. 77 FR 38651 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Extension, With Change, of an Existing Information...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-28

    ... SECURITY United States Immigration and Customs Enforcement Agency Information Collection Activities...: Primary: State, Local, or Tribal Government. Section 404(b) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S... meeting an immigration emergency. This collection of information allows for State or local governments...

  16. 20 CFR 404.1573 - General information about work activity.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false General information about work activity. 404.1573 Section 404.1573 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION FEDERAL OLD-AGE, SURVIVORS AND DISABILITY INSURANCE (1950- ) Determining Disability and Blindness Substantial Gainful Activity §...

  17. 20 CFR 404.1573 - General information about work activity.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false General information about work activity. 404.1573 Section 404.1573 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION FEDERAL OLD-AGE, SURVIVORS AND DISABILITY INSURANCE (1950- ) Determining Disability and Blindness Substantial Gainful Activity §...

  18. 78 FR 62637 - Proposed Information Collection Activity; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-10-22

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Administration for Children and Families Proposed Information Collection Activity... and Families (ACYF) and the Office of Planning, Research, and Evaluation (HHS/ACF/OPRE) in the Administration for Children and Families (ACF) propose a data collection activity as part of the...

  19. Deserts: Information and Hands-On Activities. Interactive Geography Kit.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bernard, Robin

    This book is designed to introduce students to a variety of fascinating desert ecosystems through a series of learning activities including games, graphs, experiments, and crafts. Each section contains an information section along with student activities and worksheets. The section topics are sand, scorpions, and snow; scenic sculpture; desert…

  20. Activity Sourcebook for Earth Science. Science Education Information Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mayer, Victor J., Ed.

    Designed to provide teachers of earth science with activities and information that will assist them in keeping their curricula up to date, this publication contains activities grouped into six chapters. Chapter titles are: (1) Weather and Climate, (2) Oceans, (3) The Earth and Its Surface, (4) Plate Tectonics, (5) Uses of Space Photography, and…

  1. 75 FR 54363 - BOEMRE Information Collection Activity: 1010-0142, Decommissioning Activities, Extension of a...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-07

    ... information. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Title: 30 CFR 250, subpart Q, Decommissioning Activities. OMB Control... prevent or minimize the likelihood of blowouts, loss of well control, fires, spillages, physical... equipment and subsea protective covering; or other departures. Subtotal 50 responses 150...

  2. Genetic Background Specific Hypoxia Resistance in Rat is Correlated with Balanced Activation of a Cross-Chromosomal Genetic Network Centering on Physiological Homeostasis.

    PubMed

    Mao, Lei

    2012-01-01

    Genetic background of an individual can drastically influence an organism's response upon environmental stress and pathological stimulus. Previous studies in inbred rats showed that compared to Brown Norway (BN), Dahl salt-sensitive (SS) rat exerts strong hypoxia susceptibility. However, despite extensive narrow-down approaches via the chromosome substitution methodology, this genome-based physiological predisposition could not be traced back to distinct quantitative trait loci. Upon the completion and public data availability of PhysGen SS-BN consomic (CS) rat platform, I employed systems biology approach attempting to further our understanding of the molecular basis of genetic background effect in light of hypoxia response. I analyzed the physiological screening data of 22 CS rat strains under normoxia and 2-weeks of hypoxia, and cross-compared them to the parental strains. The analyses showed that SS-9(BN) and SS-18(BN) represent the most hypoxia-resistant CS strains with phenotype similar to BN, whereas SS-6(BN) and SS-Y(BN) segregated to the direction of SS. A meta-analysis on the transcriptomic profiles of these CS rat strains under hypoxia treatment showed that although polymorphisms on the substituted BN chromosomes could be directly involved in hypoxia resistance, this seems to be embedded in a more complex trans-chromosomal genetic regulatory network. Via information theory based modeling approach, this hypoxia relevant core genetic network was reverse engineered. Network analyses showed that the protective effects of BN chromosome 9 and 18 were reflected by a balanced activation of this core network centering on physiological homeostasis. Presumably, it is the system robustness constituted on such differential network activation that acts as hypoxia response modifier. Understanding of the intrinsic link between the individual genetic background and the network robustness will set a basis in the current scientific efforts toward personalized medicine.

  3. Active solar heating and cooling information user study

    SciTech Connect

    Belew, W.W.; Wood, B.L.; Marle, T.L.; Reinhardt, C.L.

    1981-01-01

    The results of a series of telephone interviews with groups of users of information on active solar heating and cooling (SHAC). An earlier study identified the information user groups in the solar community and the priority (to accelerate solar energy commercialization) of getting information to each group. In the current study only high-priority groups were examined. Results from 19 SHAC groups respondents are analyzed in this report: DOE-Funded Researchers, Non-DOE-Funded Researchers, Representatives of Manufacturers (4 groups), Distributors, Installers, Architects, Builders, Planners, Engineers (2 groups), Representatives of Utilities, Educators, Cooperative Extension Service County Agents, Building Owners/Managers, and Homeowners (2 groups). The data will be used as input to the determination of information products and services the Solar Energy Research Institute, the Solar Energy Information Data Bank Network, and the entire information outreach community should be preparing and disseminating.

  4. Local active information storage as a tool to understand distributed neural information processing.

    PubMed

    Wibral, Michael; Lizier, Joseph T; Vögler, Sebastian; Priesemann, Viola; Galuske, Ralf

    2014-01-01

    Every act of information processing can in principle be decomposed into the component operations of information storage, transfer, and modification. Yet, while this is easily done for today's digital computers, the application of these concepts to neural information processing was hampered by the lack of proper mathematical definitions of these operations on information. Recently, definitions were given for the dynamics of these information processing operations on a local scale in space and time in a distributed system, and the specific concept of local active information storage was successfully applied to the analysis and optimization of artificial neural systems. However, no attempt to measure the space-time dynamics of local active information storage in neural data has been made to date. Here we measure local active information storage on a local scale in time and space in voltage sensitive dye imaging data from area 18 of the cat. We show that storage reflects neural properties such as stimulus preferences and surprise upon unexpected stimulus change, and in area 18 reflects the abstract concept of an ongoing stimulus despite the locally random nature of this stimulus. We suggest that LAIS will be a useful quantity to test theories of cortical function, such as predictive coding.

  5. Activities of information retrieval in Daicel Corporation : The roles and efforts of information retrieval team

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yamazaki, Towako

    In order to stabilize and improve quality of information retrieval service, the information retrieval team of Daicel Corporation has given some efforts on standard operating procedures, interview sheet for information retrieval, structured format for search report, and search expressions for some technological fields of Daicel. These activities and efforts will also lead to skill sharing and skill tradition between searchers. In addition, skill improvements are needed not only for a searcher individually, but also for the information retrieval team totally when playing searcher's new roles.

  6. 75 FR 13568 - MMS Information Collection Activity: 1010-0142, Decommissioning Activities, Extension of a...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-22

    ... Minerals Management Service MMS Information Collection Activity: 1010-0142, Decommissioning Activities, Extension of a Collection; Comment Request AGENCY: Minerals Management Service (MMS), Interior. ACTION... comments to the Department of the Interior; Minerals Management Service; Attention: Cheryl Blundon;...

  7. Efferents and afferents in an intact muscle nerve: background activity and effects of sural nerve stimulation in the cat.

    PubMed

    Bessou, P; Joffroy, M; Pagès, B

    1981-11-01

    1. The background activity was observed in gamma and alpha efferent fibres and in group I and II fibres innervating the muscle gastrocnemius lateralis or medialis. The reflex effects of ipsilateral and contralateral sural nerve stimulations on the muscle efferents were analysed together with their consequences upon the afferents of the same muscle. The observations were made in the decerebrated cat without opening the neural loops between the muscle and the spinal cord.2. The multi-unit discharges of each category of fibres were obtained, on line, by an original electronic device (Joffroy, 1975, 1980) that sorted the action potentials from the whole electrical activity of a small branch of gastrocnemius lateralis or medialis nerve according to the direction and velocity of propagation of the potentials.3. The small nerve may be regarded as a representative sample of different functional groups of fibres conducting faster than 12 m.sec(-1) and supplying gastrocnemius muscles.4. Some gamma efferents were always tonically firing except when a transient flaccid state developed. Usually the alpha efferents were silent, probably because the muscle was fixed close to the minimal physiological length.5. Separate and selective stimulations of Abeta, Adelta and C fibres of ipsilateral and contralateral sural nerve showed that each group could induce the excitation of gamma neurones. The reciprocal inhibition period of alpha efferents during a flexor reflex was only once accompanied by a small decrease in gamma-firing.6. The reflex increase of over-all frequency of gamma efferents resulted from an increased firing rate of tonic gamma neurones and from the recruitment of gamma neurones previously silent. When the gamma efferents in the small nerve naturally occurred in two subgroups, the slower-conducting subgroup (mainly composed of tonic gamma axons) was activated before the faster-conducting subgroup (mostly composed by gamma axons with no background discharge). Some rare

  8. The Alaskan mineral resource assessment program; background information to accompany folio of geologic and mineral resource maps of the Ambler River Quadrangle, Alaska

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Mayfield, Charles F.; Tailleur, I.L.; Albert, N.R.; Ellersieck, Inyo; Grybeck, Donald; Hackett, S.W.

    1983-01-01

    The Ambler River quadrangle, consisting of 14,290 km2 (5,520 mi2) in northwest Alaska, was investigated by an interdisciplinary research team for the purpose of assessing the mineral resource potential of the quadrangle. This report provides background information for a folio of maps on the geology, reconnaissance geochemistry, aeromagnetics, Landsat imagery, and mineral resource evaluation of the quadrangle. A summary of the geologic history, radiometric dates, and fossil localities and a comprehensive bibliography are also included. The quadrangle contains jade reserves, now being mined, and potentially significant resources of copper, zinc, lead, and silver.

  9. 77 FR 42547 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Requests for Comments; Clearance of Renewed Approval of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-19

    ... of Renewed Approval of Information Collection: Damage Tolerance and Fatigue Evaluation of Composite... INFORMATION: OMB Control Number: 2120-0753. Title: Damage Tolerance and Fatigue Evaluation of Composite...: Renewal of an information collection. Background: The ``Damage Tolerance and Fatigue Evaluation...

  10. Risk assessment activities at NIOSH: Information resources and needs

    SciTech Connect

    Stayner, L.T.; Meinhardt, T.; Hardin, B.

    1990-12-31

    Under the Occupational Safety and Health, and Mine Safety and Health Acts, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) is charged with development of recommended occupational safety and health standards, and with conducting research to support the development of these standards. Thus, NIOSH has been actively involved in the analysis of risk associated with occupational exposures, and in the development of research information that is critical for the risk assessment process. NIOSH research programs and other information resources relevant to the risk assessment process are described in this paper. Future needs for information resources are also discussed.

  11. Active Cellular Mechanics and Information Processing in the Living Cell

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rao, M.

    2014-07-01

    I will present our recent work on the organization of signaling molecules on the surface of living cells. Using novel experimental and theoretical approaches we have found that many cell surface receptors are organized as dynamic clusters driven by active currents and stresses generated by the cortical cytoskeleton adjoining the cell surface. We have shown that this organization is optimal for both information processing and computation. In connecting active mechanics in the cell with information processing and computation, we bring together two of the seminal works of Alan Turing.

  12. WAX ActiveLibrary: a tool to manage information overload.

    PubMed

    Hanka, R; O'Brien, C; Heathfield, H; Buchan, I E

    1999-11-01

    WAX Active-Library (Cambridge Centre for Clinical Informatics) is a knowledge management system that seeks to support doctors' decision making through the provision of electronic books containing a wide range of clinical knowledge and locally based information. WAX has been piloted in several regions in the United Kingdom and formally evaluated in 17 GP surgeries based in Cambridgeshire. The evaluation has provided evidence that WAX Active-Library significantly improves GPs' access to relevant information sources and by increasing appropriate patient management and referrals this might also lead to an improvement in clinical outcomes.

  13. Informational Complexity and Functional Activity of RNA Structures

    PubMed Central

    Carothers, James M.; Oestreich, Stephanie C.; Davis, Jonathan H.

    2004-01-01

    Very little is known about the distribution of functional DNA, RNA, and protein molecules in sequence space. The question of how the number and complexity of distinct solutions to a particular biochemical problem varies with activity is an important aspect of this general problem. Here we present a comparison of the structures and activities of eleven distinct GTP-binding RNAs (aptamers). By experimentally measuring the amount of information required to specify each optimal binding structure, we show that defining a structure capable of 10-fold tighter binding requires approximately 10 additional bits of information. This increase in information content is equivalent to specifying the identity of five additional nucleotide positions and corresponds to an ∼1000-fold decrease in abundance in a sample of random sequences. We observe a similar relationship between structural complexity and activity in a comparison of two catalytic RNAs (ribozyme ligases), raising the possibility of a general relationship between the complexity of RNA structures and their functional activity. Describing how information varies with activity in other heteropolymers, both biological and synthetic, may lead to an objective means of comparing their functional properties. This approach could be useful in predicting the functional utility of novel heteropolymers. PMID:15099096

  14. 77 FR 36010 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-15

    ... Activities; Proposed Collection; Extension of a Currently Approved Collection; Comment Requested Deaths in... title of the Form/Collection: Deaths in Custody Reporting Program. (3) The agency form number, if any, and the applicable component of the Department sponsoring the collection: Forms--Death Report...

  15. An interactive ontology-driven information system for simulating background radiation and generating scenarios for testing special nuclear materials detection algorithms

    DOE PAGES

    Sorokine, Alexandre; Schlicher, Bob G.; Ward, Richard C.; ...

    2015-05-22

    This paper describes an original approach to generating scenarios for the purpose of testing the algorithms used to detect special nuclear materials (SNM) that incorporates the use of ontologies. Separating the signal of SNM from the background requires sophisticated algorithms. To assist in developing such algorithms, there is a need for scenarios that capture a very wide range of variables affecting the detection process, depending on the type of detector being used. To provide such a cpability, we developed an ontology-driven information system (ODIS) for generating scenarios that can be used in creating scenarios for testing of algorithms for SNMmore » detection. The ontology-driven scenario generator (ODSG) is an ODIS based on information supplied by subject matter experts and other documentation. The details of the creation of the ontology, the development of the ontology-driven information system, and the design of the web user interface (UI) are presented along with specific examples of scenarios generated using the ODSG. We demonstrate that the paradigm behind the ODSG is capable of addressing the problem of semantic complexity at both the user and developer levels. Compared to traditional approaches, an ODIS provides benefits such as faithful representation of the users' domain conceptualization, simplified management of very large and semantically diverse datasets, and the ability to handle frequent changes to the application and the UI. Furthermore, the approach makes possible the generation of a much larger number of specific scenarios based on limited user-supplied information« less

  16. An interactive ontology-driven information system for simulating background radiation and generating scenarios for testing special nuclear materials detection algorithms

    SciTech Connect

    Sorokine, Alexandre; Schlicher, Bob G.; Ward, Richard C.; Wright, Michael C.; Kruse, Kara L.; Bhaduri, Budhendra; Slepoy, Alexander

    2015-05-22

    This paper describes an original approach to generating scenarios for the purpose of testing the algorithms used to detect special nuclear materials (SNM) that incorporates the use of ontologies. Separating the signal of SNM from the background requires sophisticated algorithms. To assist in developing such algorithms, there is a need for scenarios that capture a very wide range of variables affecting the detection process, depending on the type of detector being used. To provide such a cpability, we developed an ontology-driven information system (ODIS) for generating scenarios that can be used in creating scenarios for testing of algorithms for SNM detection. The ontology-driven scenario generator (ODSG) is an ODIS based on information supplied by subject matter experts and other documentation. The details of the creation of the ontology, the development of the ontology-driven information system, and the design of the web user interface (UI) are presented along with specific examples of scenarios generated using the ODSG. We demonstrate that the paradigm behind the ODSG is capable of addressing the problem of semantic complexity at both the user and developer levels. Compared to traditional approaches, an ODIS provides benefits such as faithful representation of the users' domain conceptualization, simplified management of very large and semantically diverse datasets, and the ability to handle frequent changes to the application and the UI. Furthermore, the approach makes possible the generation of a much larger number of specific scenarios based on limited user-supplied information

  17. 36 CFR 73.17 - Public information and education activities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Department, through the NPS, may provide guidance to owners of U.S. World Heritage properties in developing..., DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR WORLD HERITAGE CONVENTION § 73.17 Public information and education activities. (a... World Heritage List are encouraged to publicize the status of the property, through appropriate...

  18. 36 CFR 73.17 - Public information and education activities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Department, through the NPS, may provide guidance to owners of U.S. World Heritage properties in developing..., DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR WORLD HERITAGE CONVENTION § 73.17 Public information and education activities. (a... World Heritage List are encouraged to publicize the status of the property, through appropriate...

  19. 36 CFR 73.17 - Public information and education activities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Department, through the NPS, may provide guidance to owners of U.S. World Heritage properties in developing..., DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR WORLD HERITAGE CONVENTION § 73.17 Public information and education activities. (a... World Heritage List are encouraged to publicize the status of the property, through appropriate...

  20. 36 CFR 73.17 - Public information and education activities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Department, through the NPS, may provide guidance to owners of U.S. World Heritage properties in developing..., DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR WORLD HERITAGE CONVENTION § 73.17 Public information and education activities. (a... World Heritage List are encouraged to publicize the status of the property, through appropriate...

  1. 36 CFR 73.17 - Public information and education activities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Department, through the NPS, may provide guidance to owners of U.S. World Heritage properties in developing..., DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR WORLD HERITAGE CONVENTION § 73.17 Public information and education activities. (a... World Heritage List are encouraged to publicize the status of the property, through appropriate...

  2. 78 FR 57853 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-20

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office EXPORT-IMPORT BANK Agency Information Collection Activities: Comment Request AGENCY: Export-Import Bank of the United States. ACTION... Credit Insurance Policy. SUMMARY: The Export-Import Banks of the United States (Ex-Im Bank), as part...

  3. 78 FR 68440 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-14

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office EXPORT-IMPORT BANK Agency Information Collection Activities: Comment Request AGENCY: Export-Import Bank of the United States. ACTION: Submission for OMB review and comments request. Form Title: EIB 92-29 Export-Import Bank Report of...

  4. 78 FR 54645 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-05

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office EXPORT-IMPORT BANK Agency Information Collection Activities: Comment Request AGENCY: Export-Import Bank of the United States. ACTION: Submission for OMB review and comments request. Form Title: EIB 92-29 Export-Import Bank Report of...

  5. 78 FR 22876 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-17

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office EXPORT-IMPORT BANK Agency Information Collection Activities; Comment Request AGENCY: Export-Import Bank of the United States. ACTION... Approval Request. SUMMARY: The Export-Import Bank of the United States (Ex-Im Bank), as a part of...

  6. 77 FR 60689 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-04

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office EXPORT-IMPORT BANK Agency Information Collection Activities: Comment Request AGENCY: Export-Import Bank of the U.S. ACTION: Submission... Bankers. SUMMARY: The Export-Import Bank of the United States (Ex-Im Bank), as a part of its...

  7. Compilation of historical information of 300 Area facilities and activities

    SciTech Connect

    Gerber, M.S.

    1992-12-01

    This document is a compilation of historical information of the 300 Area activities and facilities since the beginning. The 300 Area is shown as it looked in 1945, and also a more recent (1985) look at the 300 Area is provided.

  8. 75 FR 29797 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-27

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION Agency Information Collection Activities: Comment Request The Social Security Administration (SSA...: 202-395-6974, E-mail address: OIRA_Submission@omb.eop.gov . (SSA) Social Security...

  9. 77 FR 799 - Proposed Information Collection Activity; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-06

    ... improvement in the handling of child abuse and neglect cases. The Court Improvement Program (CIP) is composed... HUMAN SERVICES Administration for Children and Families Proposed Information Collection Activity... Reduction Act of 1995, the Administration for Children and Families is soliciting public comment on...

  10. 76 FR 32213 - Proposed Information Collection Activity; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-03

    ... improvement in the handling of child abuse and neglect cases. The Court Improvement Program (CIP) is composed... HUMAN SERVICES Administration for Children and Families Proposed Information Collection Activity... Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, the Administration for Children and Families is soliciting public...

  11. 75 FR 15438 - Proposed Information Collection Activity; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-29

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Administration for Children and Families Proposed Information Collection Activity; Comment Request Proposed Projects: Title: ACF Grantee Survey of the Low Income Home Energy Assistance... obtained for estimating the number of low-income households that are income eligible for LIHEAP under...

  12. 76 FR 24493 - Proposed Information Collection Activity; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-02

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Administration for Children and Families Proposed Information Collection Activity; Comment Request Title: Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program (LIHEAP) Carryover and Reallotment Report... for the next fiscal year may be awarded. The Administration for Children and Families is requesting...

  13. 76 FR 76737 - Proposed Information Collection Activities; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-08

    ... Families Proposed Information Collection Activities; Comment Request Proposed Projects Title: 45 CFR 1301... Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, the Administration for Children and Families is soliciting public comments... Children and Families, Office of Planning Research and Evaluation, 370 L'Enfant Promenade, SW.,...

  14. 78 FR 48878 - Proposed Information Collection Activity; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-12

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Administration for Children and Families Proposed Information Collection Activity... Children and Families is requesting an extension of this form. Respondents: State, local or Tribal agencies... 1995, the Administration for Children and Families is soliciting public comment on the specific...

  15. 76 FR 4912 - Proposed Information Collection Activity; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-27

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Administration for Children and Families Proposed Information Collection Activity..., the Administration for Children and Families is soliciting public comment on the specific aspects of... obtained and comments may be forwarded by writing to the Administration for Children and Families,...

  16. 77 FR 65692 - Proposed Information Collection Activity; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-30

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Administration for Children and Families Proposed Information Collection Activity... Administration for Children and Families (ACF) before using CCDF funds for construction or major renovation. This..., the Administration for Children and Families is soliciting public comment on the specific aspects...

  17. 75 FR 68610 - Proposed Information Collection Activity; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-08

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Administration for Children and Families Proposed Information Collection Activity; Comment Request Proposed Projects: Title: State Plan Child Support Coll & Estab Paternity Title IV-D,...

  18. 77 FR 66846 - Proposed Information Collection Activity; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-07

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Administration for Children and Families Proposed Information Collection Activity... Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, the Administration for Children and Families is soliciting public comment... Children and Families, Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation, 370 L'Enfant Promenade SW.,...

  19. 78 FR 66939 - Proposed Information Collection Activity; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-07

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Administration for Children and Families Proposed Information Collection Activity... to Child Abuse Prevention Program). OMB No.: 0970-0155. Description: The Program Instruction, prepared in response to the enactment of the Community-Based Grants for the Prevention of Child Abuse...

  20. 77 FR 28393 - Proposed Information Collection Activity; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-14

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Administration for Children and Families Proposed Information Collection Activity... Description: The Administration for Children and Families' (ACF) Children's Bureau (CB), is requesting... Trainee Pretest Survey and the IAATP Trainee Follow-up Survey. Title XII, Subtitle A, of the...

  1. 77 FR 31019 - Proposed Information Collection Activity; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-24

    ... No: 2012-12601] DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Administration for Children and Families Proposed Information Collection Activity; Comment Request Proposed Projects Title: FPLS Child Support Services Portal Registration (FCSSP). OMB No.: 0970-0370. Description: The purpose of the Federal...

  2. 77 FR 34387 - Proposed Information Collection Activity; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-11

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Administration for Children and Families Proposed Information Collection Activity... requirement that each child be seated in a child restraint system while the vehicle is in motion, and the... children involved. Respondents: Head Start and Early Head Start program grants recipients. Annual...

  3. 77 FR 66845 - Proposed Information Collection Activity; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-07

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Administration for Children and Families Proposed Information Collection Activity... Delegate Agencies to maintain program records. The Administration for Children and Families, Office of Head... prescribe the services that Head Start and Early Head Start programs provide to enrolled children and...

  4. 77 FR 39244 - Proposed Information Collection Activity; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-02

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Administration for Children and Families Proposed Information Collection Activity.... Description: The National Medical Support Notice (NMSN) is a two- part document to be completed by state child... coverage provisions in a child support order. The Department of Health and Human Services (HHS)...

  5. 78 FR 41401 - Proposed Information Collection Activity; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-10

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Administration for Children and Families Proposed Information Collection Activity; Comment Request Proposed Projects: Title: Tribal Child Support Enforcement Direct Funding Request: 45 CFR... Section 506(c)(2)(A) of the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, the Administration for Children and...

  6. 75 FR 57962 - Proposed Information Collection Activity; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-23

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Administration for Children and Families Proposed Information Collection Activity; Comment Request Proposed Projects Title: Child Care and Development Fund Tribal Plan Preprint--ACF- 118-A. OMB No.: 0970-0198. Description: The Child Care and Development Fund (CCDF) Tribal Plan serves as...

  7. Mid-USA, Making Informed Decisions: Using Student Activities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scovel, Donald A.; Nelson, Phillip J.

    This document presents a series of learning activities focusing on the role of state government in American society. It is intended for senior or junior high school students. Six objectives are: to identify information sources about state government; to increase knowledge about its organization, processes, services, and costs; to compare these…

  8. Activation of Imaginal Information on True and False Memories

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chang, Sau Hou; Pierce, Benton H.

    2009-01-01

    The present study examined the activation of imaginal information on true and false memories. Participants studied a series of concrete objects in pictures or words. The imagery group (n = 96) was instructed to form images and the control group (n = 96) was not instructed to do so. Both groups were then given a standard recognition memory test and…

  9. Information-Seeking Activity of Rural Health Practitioners.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Matsuda, Sandra; Donaldson, Joe F.

    The information-seeking activity (ISA) of 16 rural health practitioners (occupational, physical, and respiratory therapists; radiological technologists; speech/language pathologists; and nurses) was explored using qualitative methods of participant observation, document collection, and in-depth interviews. Field notes and documents were collected…

  10. Community Information and Services Centers: Concepts for Activation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hopkins, Cleve

    An experimental program based on a study by the Department of Housing and Urban Development was activated to deliver services to urban residents via automated communications technology. Designed to contribute to improvement in the quality of life, the program of a Community Information and Services Center (CISC) included: outreach programs, i.e.,…

  11. 75 FR 57480 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Commercial Invoice

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-21

    ... SECURITY U.S. Customs and Border Protection Agency Information Collection Activities: Commercial Invoice... Commercial Invoice. This request for comment is being made pursuant to the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995...: Title: Commercial Invoice. OMB Number: 1651-0090. Form Number: None. Abstract: The collection of...

  12. 76 FR 77541 - Proposed Information Collection Activity; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-13

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Administration for Children and Families Proposed Information Collection Activity... economic adjustment of refugees to the American economy. These data are used by Congress in its...

  13. 77 FR 51848 - Pipeline Safety: Information Collection Activities

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-27

    ... control room. Affected Public: Private sector; Operators of both natural gas and hazardous liquid pipeline... Factors and the Integrity Management Program for Gas Distribution Pipelines. DATES: Interested persons are...) Current expiration date; (4) Type of request; (5) Abstract of the information collection activity;...

  14. 78 FR 16843 - Commission Information Collection Activities; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-19

    ... Commission (Commission or FERC) is submitting the information collection, FERC-730 (Report of Transmission... Commission, identified by the Docket No. IC13-9-000, by either of the following methods: eFiling at... of Transmission Investment Activity. OMB Control No.: 1902-0239 Type of Request: Three-year...

  15. 78 FR 27984 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Ship's Store Declaration

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-13

    ... SECURITY U.S. Customs and Border Protection Agency Information Collection Activities: Ship's Store... approval in accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act: Ship's Stores Declaration (CBP Form 1303). This is.... Title: Ship's Stores Declaration. OMB Number: 1651-0018. Form Number: CBP Form 1303. Abstract: CBP...

  16. 76 FR 13655 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Ship's Store Declaration

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-14

    ... SECURITY U.S. Customs and Border Protection Agency Information Collection Activities: Ship's Store... approval in accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act: Ship's Stores Declaration (CBP Form 1303). This is.... Title: Ship's Stores Declaration. OMB Number: 1651-0018. Form Number: CBP Form 1303. Abstract: CBP...

  17. Quantum Theory, Active Information and the Mind-Matter Problem

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pylkkänen, Paavo

    Bohm and Hiley suggest that a certain new type of active information plays a key objective role in quantum processes. This chapter discusses the implications of this suggestion to our understanding of the relation between the mental and the physical aspects of reality.

  18. 77 FR 55487 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Voluntary Customer Survey

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-10

    ... actionable items to improve services to the traveling public with respect to the entry processes for... SECURITY U.S. Customs and Border Protection Agency Information Collection Activities; Voluntary Customer... approval in accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act: Voluntary Customer Survey. This is a...

  19. 78 FR 70915 - Information Collection Activity; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-27

    ... Program contracts. The purpose of this undertaking is to improve customer service to the Agency's rural... Rural Utilities Service Information Collection Activity; Comment Request AGENCY: Rural Utilities Service... of 1995 (44 U.S.C. Chapter 35, as amended), the Rural Utilities Service invites comments on...

  20. 75 FR 51977 - Information Collection Activity; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-24

    ... customer service to the Agency's rural borrowers with a more efficient and effective means to complete a... Rural Utilities Service Information Collection Activity; Comment Request AGENCY: Rural Utilities Service... of 1995 (44 U.S.C. Chapter 35, as amended), the Rural Utilities Service, invites comments on...

  1. 78 FR 68053 - Agency Information Collection Activities OMB Responses

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-13

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY Agency Information Collection Activities OMB Responses AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency...) responses to Agency Clearance requests, in compliance with the Paperwork Reduction Act (44 U.S.C. 3501...

  2. 77 FR 11533 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-27

    ....S. Agency Information Collection Activities: Comment Request AGENCY: Export-Import Bank of the U.S... Business Administration is the U.S. Government Agency (created by the Small Business Act, as amended) that... Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 636(a)(14) to determine eligibility of applicant for SBA assistance...

  3. 77 FR 31848 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-30

    ....S. Agency Information Collection Activities: Comment Request AGENCY: Export-Import Bank of the U.S... (15 U.S.C. 636(a)(14)) to determine eligibility of the applicant for SBA financial assistance. The... assistance. Affected Public: This form affects entities involved in the export of U.S. goods and services....

  4. 75 FR 57465 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-21

    ....S. Agency Information Collection Activities: Comment Request AGENCY: Export-Import Bank of the U.S... under Export- Import Bank's credit insurance programs. DATES: Comments should be received on or before... under Export-Import Bank's credit insurance programs. Affected Public: This form affects...

  5. 76 FR 29241 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-20

    ....S. Agency Information Collection Activities: Comment Request AGENCY: Export-Import Bank of the U.S... under Export ] Import Bank's credit insurance programs. This form can be reviewed at http://www.exim.gov... commission payments under Export Import Bank's credit insurance programs. Affected Public: This form...

  6. 75 FR 35507 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-22

    .... SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Title of Collection: Antarctic emergency response plan and environmental protection... 1978 (16 U.S.C. 2401 et seq.) (``ACA'') regulates certain non- governmental activities in Antarctica. The ACA was amended in 1996 by the Antarctic Science, Tourism, and Conservation Act. On September...

  7. 75 FR 6679 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Andean Trade Preferences

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-10

    ... SECURITY U.S. Customs and Border Protection Agency Information Collection Activities: Andean Trade Preferences AGENCY: U.S. Customs and Border Protection, Department of Homeland Security. ACTION: 30-day notice.... Customs and Border Protection (CBP) of the Department of Homeland Security has submitted the...

  8. 76 FR 34740 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Automated Clearinghouse

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-14

    ... SECURITY U.S. Customs and Border Protection Agency Information Collection Activities: Automated Clearinghouse AGENCY: U.S. Customs and Border Protection, Department of Homeland Security. ACTION: 30-Day notice.... Customs and Border Protection (CBP) of the Department of Homeland Security will be submitting...

  9. 76 FR 35902 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Report of Diversion

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-20

    ... of Management and Budget. Comments should be addressed to the OMB Desk Officer for Customs and Border... Doc No: 2011-15161] DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY U.S. Customs and Border Protection Agency Information Collection Activities: Report of Diversion AGENCY: U.S. Customs and Border Protection,...

  10. 77 FR 16552 - Agency Information Collection Activities: JADE Act

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-21

    ..., Office of Management and Budget. Comments should be addressed to the OMB Desk Officer for U.S. Customs... SECURITY U.S. Customs and Border Protection Agency Information Collection Activities: JADE Act AGENCY: U.S. Customs and Border Protection, Department of Homeland Security. ACTION: 30-Day notice and request...

  11. 77 FR 63321 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Protest

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-16

    ..., Office of Management and Budget. Comments should be addressed to the OMB Desk Officer for U.S. Customs... SECURITY U.S. Customs and Border Protection Agency Information Collection Activities: Protest AGENCY: U.S. Customs and Border Protection, Department of Homeland Security. ACTION: 30-Day notice and request...

  12. 77 FR 2560 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Entry Summary

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-18

    ... Affairs, Office of Management and Budget. Comments should be addressed to the OMB Desk Officer for Customs... SECURITY U.S. Customs and Border Protection Agency Information Collection Activities: Entry Summary AGENCY: U.S. Customs and Border Protection, Department of Homeland Security. ACTION: 30-Day notice...

  13. 77 FR 51818 - Agency Information Collection Activities; User Fees

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-27

    ... Management and Budget. Comments should be addressed to the OMB Desk Officer for U.S. Customs and Border... SECURITY U.S. Customs and Border Protection Agency Information Collection Activities; User Fees AGENCY: U.S. Customs and Border Protection, Department of Homeland Security. ACTION: 30-Day notice and request...

  14. 78 FR 79499 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-30

    ... techniques, education, and knowledge transfer. The facilities integrate research and education for students... technological collection techniques or other forms of information technology should be addressed to: Office of... financial support and in-kind support; expenditures by operational component; research activities;...

  15. 76 FR 18294 - Proposed Agency Information Collection Activities; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-01

    ... Switches-- 687 railroads....... 687 modified 1 hour 687 RR Operating Rule That Complies operating rules... Requirements 687 railroads....... 60,000 job 1 minute 1,000 for Hand Operated Main Track briefings. Switches... Federal Railroad Administration Proposed Agency Information Collection Activities; Comment Request...

  16. 78 FR 42157 - Agency Information Collection Activities Under OMB Review

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-15

    ... Information System (IRIS). OMB Control Number: 2900-0619. Type of Review: Revision of a currently approved... veterans, dependents, and active duty personnel worldwide. IRIS allows a customer to submit questions... more quickly than through standard mail. IRIS does not provide applications to veterans or serve as...

  17. 75 FR 3470 - Proposed Information Collection Activity; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-21

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Administration for Children and Families Proposed Information Collection Activity; Comment Request Proposed Projects Title: Tribal Child Support Enforcement Direct Funding Request: 45 CFR... requirement that, in order to receive funding for a Tribal IV-D program a Tribe or Tribal organization...

  18. 78 FR 36016 - Pipeline Safety: Information Collection Activities

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-14

    ... Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration Pipeline Safety: Information Collection Activities AGENCY: Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA), DOT. ACTION: Notice and request... at 202-366-4566, or by mail at U.S. Department of Transportation, Pipeline and Hazardous...

  19. 77 FR 72352 - Proposed Information Collection Activity; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-05

    ... response hours OCSE-396A 54 4 6 1,296 OCSE-34A 112 4 14 6,272 Estimated Total Annual Burden Hours: 7,568... HUMAN SERVICES Administration for Children and Families Proposed Information Collection Activity; Comment Request Proposed Projects Title: Form OCSE-396-A, Child Support Enforcement Program...

  20. 75 FR 74717 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-01

    ....S. Agency Information Collection Activities: Comment Request AGENCY: Export-Import Bank of the U.S... under Export Import Bank's credit insurance programs. DATES: Comments should be received on or before... commission payments under Export Import Bank's credit insurance programs. Affected Public: This form...

  1. 77 FR 2552 - Proposed Information Collection Activity; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-18

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Administration for Children and Families Proposed Information Collection Activity; Comment Request Proposed Projects Title: Child Care and Development Fund Annual Aggregate Report-- ACF-800. OMB No.: 0970-0150. Description: Section 658K of the Child Care and Development Block Grant Act...

  2. 76 FR 78282 - Proposed Information Collection Activity; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-16

    ... national child care needs, offer technical assistance to grantees, meet performance measures, and conduct... HUMAN SERVICES Administration for Children and Families Proposed Information Collection Activity; Comment Request Proposed Projects Title: Child Care Quarterly Case Record Report--ACF-801. OMB No.:...

  3. 78 FR 75569 - Proposed Information Collection Activity; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-12

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Administration for Children and Families Proposed Information Collection Activity; Comment Request Title: Head Start Family and Child Experiences Survey (FACES). OMB No.: 0970-0151. Description: The Office of Planning, Research...

  4. 78 FR 37819 - Proposed Information Collection Activity; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-24

    .... The CCDF statute and regulations also require TLAs to submit a supplemental narrative as part of the ACF-700 report. This narrative describes child care activities and actions in the TLA's service area. Information from the ACF-700 and supplemental narrative report will be included in the Secretary's Report...

  5. 75 FR 30031 - Proposed Information Collection Activity; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-28

    .... The CCDF statute and regulations also require TLAs to submit a supplemental narrative as part of the ACF-700 report. This narrative describes child care activities and actions in the TLA's service area. Information from the ACF-700 and supplemental narrative report will be included in the Secretary's Report...

  6. 77 FR 49817 - Proposed Information Collection Activity; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-17

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Administration for Children and Families Proposed Information Collection Activity; Comment Request Title: DHHS/ACF/OPRE Head Start Classroom-based Approaches and Resources for Emotion and... Start Classroom-based Approaches and Resources for Emotion and Social skill promotion (CARES) project...

  7. 75 FR 1816 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-13

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION Agency Information Collection Activities: Comment Request AGENCY: National Science Foundation (NSF... Research Business Models (RBM) Subcommittee of the Committee on Science (CoS), a committee of the...

  8. 78 FR 23253 - Proposed Agency Information Collection Activities; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-18

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM Proposed Agency Information Collection Activities; Comment Request AGENCY: Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System. SUMMARY: On June 15, 1984, the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) delegated...

  9. 77 FR 34384 - Proposed Agency Information Collection Activities; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-11

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM Proposed Agency Information Collection Activities; Comment Request AGENCY: Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System. SUMMARY: On June 15, 1984, the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) delegated...

  10. 78 FR 45534 - Proposed Agency Information Collection Activities; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-29

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM Proposed Agency Information Collection Activities; Comment Request AGENCY: Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System. SUMMARY: On June 15, 1984, the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) delegated...

  11. 76 FR 70146 - Proposed Agency Information Collection Activities; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-10

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM Proposed Agency Information Collection Activities; Comment Request AGENCY: Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System. SUMMARY: On June 15, 1984, the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) delegated...

  12. A new background distribution-based active contour model for three-dimensional lesion segmentation in breast DCE-MRI

    SciTech Connect

    Liu, Hui; Liu, Yiping; Qiu, Tianshuang; Zhao, Zuowei; Zhang, Lina

    2014-08-15

    Purpose: To develop and evaluate a computerized semiautomatic segmentation method for accurate extraction of three-dimensional lesions from dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance images (DCE-MRIs) of the breast. Methods: The authors propose a new background distribution-based active contour model using level set (BDACMLS) to segment lesions in breast DCE-MRIs. The method starts with manual selection of a region of interest (ROI) that contains the entire lesion in a single slice where the lesion is enhanced. Then the lesion volume from the volume data of interest, which is captured automatically, is separated. The core idea of BDACMLS is a new signed pressure function which is based solely on the intensity distribution combined with pathophysiological basis. To compare the algorithm results, two experienced radiologists delineated all lesions jointly to obtain the ground truth. In addition, results generated by other different methods based on level set (LS) are also compared with the authors’ method. Finally, the performance of the proposed method is evaluated by several region-based metrics such as the overlap ratio. Results: Forty-two studies with 46 lesions that contain 29 benign and 17 malignant lesions are evaluated. The dataset includes various typical pathologies of the breast such as invasive ductal carcinoma, ductal carcinomain situ, scar carcinoma, phyllodes tumor, breast cysts, fibroadenoma, etc. The overlap ratio for BDACMLS with respect to manual segmentation is 79.55% ± 12.60% (mean ± s.d.). Conclusions: A new active contour model method has been developed and shown to successfully segment breast DCE-MRI three-dimensional lesions. The results from this model correspond more closely to manual segmentation, solve the weak-edge-passed problem, and improve the robustness in segmenting different lesions.

  13. Brain electrical activity analysis using wavelet-based informational tools

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rosso, O. A.; Martin, M. T.; Plastino, A.

    2002-10-01

    The traditional way of analyzing brain electrical activity, on the basis of Electroencephalography (EEG) records, relies mainly on visual inspection and years of training. Although it is quite useful, of course, one has to acknowledge its subjective nature that hardly allows for a systematic protocol. In order to overcome this undesirable feature, a quantitative EEG analysis has been developed over the years that introduces objective measures, reflecting not only the characteristics of the brain activity itself but also giving clues concerning the underlying associated neural dynamics. The processing of information by the brain is reflected in dynamical changes of the electrical activity in (i) time, (ii) frequency, and (iii) space. Therefore, the concomitant studies require methods capable of describing the qualitative variation of the signal in both time and frequency. In the present work we introduce new information tools based on the wavelet transform for the assessment of EEG data as adapted to a non-extensive scenario.

  14. 76 FR 11443 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Submission For OMB Review; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-02

    ... Information Administration Agency Information Collection Activities: Submission For OMB Review; Comment Request AGENCY: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Department of Energy (DOE). ACTION: Agency Information Collection Activities: Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request. SUMMARY: The EIA has...

  15. 76 FR 11444 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection; Comment Request

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    2011-03-02

    ... Energy Information Administration Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection; Comment Request AGENCY: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Department of Energy (DOE). ACTION: Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection; Comment Request. SUMMARY: The EIA is...

  16. 75 FR 13776 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Form N-300; Extension of an Existing Information...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-23

    ... SECURITY U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services Agency Information Collection Activities: Form N-300... Collection Under Review; Form N- 300, Application to File Declaration of Intention; OMB Control No. 1615-0078... this 60-day period, USCIS will be evaluating whether to revise the Form N-300. Should USCIS decide...

  17. 76 FR 17144 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Form N-300; Extension of an Existing Information...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-28

    ... SECURITY U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services Agency Information Collection Activities: Form N-300... Collection Under Review; Form N- 300, Application to File Declaration of Intention; OMB Control No. 1615-0078... this 60 day period, USCIS will be evaluating whether to revise the Form N-300. Should USCIS decide...

  18. 76 FR 36560 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Form N-300; Extension of an Existing Information...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-22

    ... SECURITY U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services Agency Information Collection Activities; Form N-300... Collection Under Review; Form N- 300, Application to File Declaration of Intention; OMB Control No. 1615-0078... Homeland Security sponsoring the collection: Form N-300; U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services...

  19. 75 FR 13777 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Form I-824; Extension of an Existing Information...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-23

    ... SECURITY U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services Agency Information Collection Activities: Form I-824... Collection Under Review; Form I- 824; Application for Action on an Approved Application; OMB Control No. 1615... this 60-day period, USCIS will be evaluating whether to revise the Form I-824. Should USCIS decide...

  20. 77 FR 12072 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Form I-824; Extension of an Existing Information...

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    2012-02-28

    ... SECURITY U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services Agency Information Collection Activities: Form I-824... Collection Under Review; Form I- 824; Application for Action on an Approved Application. The Department..., 2012. During this 60 day period, USCIS will be evaluating whether to revise the Form I-824....

  1. 77 FR 27241 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Form I-824; Extension of an Existing Information...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-09

    ... SECURITY U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services Agency Information Collection Activities: Form I-824... Collection Under Review; Form I- 824; Application for Action on an Approved Application. The Department of... collection: Form I-824; U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS). (4) Affected public who will...

  2. 75 FR 32801 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Form I-824; Extension of an Existing Information...

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    2010-06-09

    ... SECURITY U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services Agency Information Collection Activities: Form I-824... Collection Under Review; Form I- 824; Application for Action on an Approved Application; OMB Control No. 1615... Security sponsoring the collection: Form I-824; U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS)....

  3. 77 FR 27474 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Form I-687; Extension of an Existing Information...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-10

    ... SECURITY U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services Agency Information Collection Activities: Form I-687...-687. The Department Homeland Security (DHS), U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) has...-687; U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS). (4) Affected public who will be asked...

  4. 77 FR 27473 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Form I-924; Extension of an Existing Information...

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    2012-05-10

    ... SECURITY U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services Agency Information Collection Activities: Form I-924... Department of Homeland Security (DHS), U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) will be submitted... sponsoring the collection: Form I-924; U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services. (4) Affected public...

  5. 76 FR 70747 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Form I-90; Revision of a Currently Approved Information...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

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    ... SECURITY U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services Agency Information Collection Activities: Form I-90... Department of Homeland Security, U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) will be submitting the...: Form I-90; U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS). (4) Affected public who will be asked...

  6. 77 FR 34052 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Form I-102; Revision of an Existing Information...

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    2012-06-08

    ... SECURITY U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services Agency Information Collection Activities: Form I-102... Document. The Department of Homeland Security, U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) will be... Immigration Services (USCIS). (4) Affected public who will be asked or required to respond, as well as a...

  7. 76 FR 52961 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Form N-300; Revision of an Existing Information...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-24

    ... SECURITY U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services Agency Information Collection Activities: Form N-300.... The Department Homeland Security, U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) will be submitting... collection: Form N-300; U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS). (4) Affected public who will...

  8. 77 FR 2559 - Agency Information Collection Activities: New Information Collection: Comment Request

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    2012-01-18

    ... SECURITY U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services Agency Information Collection Activities: New... 2012 Web User Survey. * * * * * The Department of Homeland Security, U.S. Citizenship and Immigration... Security sponsoring the collection: No Form Number; U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services. (4)...

  9. 77 FR 2560 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Form I-90, Revision of a Currently Approved Information...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-18

    ... SECURITY U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services Agency Information Collection Activities: Form I-90... Department of Homeland Security, U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) will be submitting the.... Citizenship and Immigration Services. (4) Affected public who will be asked or required to respond, as well...

  10. 78 FR 45550 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Extension, Without Change, of an Existing Information...

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    2013-07-29

    ... SECURITY United States Immigration and Customs Enforcement Agency Information Collection Activities.... 1653-0048. The Department of Homeland Security, U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE), will... addressed to the OMB Desk Officer for U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement, Department of...

  11. 76 FR 72209 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Form N-300; Revision of an Existing Information...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-22

    ... SECURITY U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services Agency Information Collection Activities: Form N-300... Homeland Security, U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) will be submitting the following... Homeland Security sponsoring the collection: Form N-300; U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services...

  12. 77 FR 16047 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Form I-589; Extension of an Existing Information...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-19

    ... SECURITY U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services Agency Information Collection Activities: Form I-589.... 1615-0067. The Department Homeland Security, U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) will be...: Form I-589; U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS). (4) Affected public who will be asked...

  13. 77 FR 27474 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Form N-648, Revision of an Existing Information...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-10

    ... SECURITY U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services Agency Information Collection Activities: Form N-648... Department of Homeland Security (DHS), U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) will be submitting.... Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS). (4) Affected public who will be asked or required to respond,...

  14. 75 FR 78264 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Form N-336, Revision to an Existing Information...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-15

    ... SECURITY U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services Agency Information Collection Activities: Form N-336... collection under review: Form N- 336, Request for Hearing on a Decision in Naturalization Proceedings Under... Register at 75 FR 51095 announcing the extension of the Form N-336. The 60-day notice announced that...

  15. 77 FR 18255 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Form N-565; Extension of an Existing Information...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-27

    ... SECURITY U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services Agency Information Collection Activities: Form N-565... collection under review; Form N- 565, Application for Replacement Naturalization/Citizenship Document; OMB... until May 29, 2012. During this 60 day period, USCIS will be evaluating whether to revise the Form...

  16. 75 FR 51095 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Form N-336; Extension of an Existing Information...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-18

    ... SECURITY U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services Agency Information Collection Activities: Form N-336... Collection under Review; Form N- 336, Request for Hearing on a Decision in Naturalization Proceedings Under... the Form N-336. Should USCIS decide to revise Form N-336 we will advise the public when we publish...

  17. 75 FR 51096 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Form N-400; Extension of an Existing Information...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-18

    ... SECURITY U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services Agency Information Collection Activities: Form N-400... Collection Under Review; Form N- 400, Application for Naturalization; OMB Control No. 1615-0052. The... 60 day period, USCIS will be evaluating whether to revise the Form N-400. Should USCIS decide...

  18. 75 FR 51096 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Form N-470; Extension of an Existing Information...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-18

    ... SECURITY U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services Agency Information Collection Activities: Form N-470... Collection Under Review; Form N- 470, Application To Preserve Residence for Naturalization; OMB Control No... until October 18, 2010. During this 60-day period, USCIS will be evaluating whether to revise the Form...

  19. 75 FR 51094 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Form N-600; Extension of an Existing Information...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-18

    ... SECURITY U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services Agency Information Collection Activities: Form N-600... Collection under Review; Form N- 600, Application for Certificate of Citizenship; OMB Control No. 1615- 0057..., 2010. During this 60 day period, USCIS will be evaluating whether to revise the Form N-600....

  20. 75 FR 21013 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Form N-644; Extension of an Existing Information...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-22

    ... SECURITY U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services Agency Information Collection Activities: Form N-644... Collection Under Review; Form N- 644, Application for Posthumous Citizenship; OMB Control No. 1615-0059. The..., USCIS will be evaluating whether to revise the Form N-644. Should USCIS decide to revise Form N-644...