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Sample records for activity students read

  1. Independent Activities for Accelerated Students: Individualized Reading Instruction for Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rapides Parish School Board, Alexandria, LAa.

    The teaching guide for use with accelerated elementary school students contains suggestions for independent reading activities, a list of independent reading books for beginning readers, and suggestions for creative activities. Stressed is the value of sharing enthusiasm about books to spur independent reading. Suggestions are given for talking…

  2. Effects of Teacher-Led Reading Teaching Activities and Student Independent Reading on Fourth Grade ELL Student Reading Comprehension

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Liu, Siping

    2012-01-01

    This dissertation study examines the effects of four teacher-led reading activities recommended by the reading teaching policy and student independent reading activity on the development of English language learners (ELL) reading proficiency at fourth grade in U.S. elementary schools. In this study, I first introduce the significance of studying…

  3. The Relationship between Students' Reading Orientations and Their Strategic Activity during a Collaborative Reading Task

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davis, Dennis S.; Neitzel, Carin

    2010-01-01

    This study examined the connection between middle school students' beliefs about reading and their use of comprehension strategies during a collaborative reading activity. Seventy-one fifth- and sixth-grade students were videotaped while they worked in small groups to read and discuss short texts describing the reading habits and abilities of four…

  4. Improving Reading Rate Activities for EFL Students: Timed Reading and Repeated Oral Reading

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chang, Anna C. -S.

    2012-01-01

    This study investigates the effect of timed reading (TR) and repeated oral reading (RR) on 35 adult students of English as a foreign language. Students in the TR (n =18) and RR (n =17) groups read 52 and 26 passages respectively over a 13-week period. Reading rates and comprehension levels were measured at three occasions: pre-intervention,…

  5. Using Directed Reading Thinking Activity Strategies To Teach Students Reading Comprehension Skills in Middle Grades Language Arts.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    DeFoe, Marguerite Corbitt

    This practicum was designed to use directed reading thinking activity strategies to teach reading comprehension skills to middle grades language arts students who frequently failed to make passing scores in reading comprehension exercises. The program included three specific strategies. The first strategy was to teach the students higher-order…

  6. Teaching Students to Read the Primary Literature Using POGIL Activities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Murray, Tracey Arnold

    2014-01-01

    The ability to read, interpret, and evaluate articles in the primary literature are important skills that science majors will use in graduate school and professional life. Because of this, it is important that students are not only exposed to the primary literature in undergraduate education, but also taught how to read and interpret these…

  7. The Effect of Project-Based Activities on Intermediate EFL Students' Reading Comprehension Ability

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shiraz, Mona Poorverdi; Larsari, Ebrahim Ezati

    2014-01-01

    The present study investigates the relationship between the use of Project-based activities and intermediate EFL students' reading comprehension. The study addresses the questions of whether students' reading comprehension differs after implementing Project-based activities, and whether different projects lead to different degrees of reading…

  8. The Effects of the Directed Reading-Thinking Activity on EFL Students' Referential and Inferential Comprehension

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    El-Koumy, Abdel Salam Abdel Khalek

    2006-01-01

    A study investigated the effects of the Directed Reading Thinking Activity on Egyptian first-year secondary stage EFL students' referential and inferential reading comprehension. The study utilized a pretest-posttest control group experimental design. The subjects consisted of 72 first-year secondary students in Menouf Secondary School for Boys at…

  9. What Should Students Read?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wolk, Steven

    2010-01-01

    The reading students are required to do for school bears little semblance to the reading they do outside of school. Students today are reading the same texts in school that students read a generation ago, but the varieties of text used outside of school are much different. One result is that many students are unmotivated to become readers.…

  10. Relationship between Computer-Based Reading Activities and Reading Achievements among Hong Kong and U.S. Students: A Comparative Study Using PIRLS 2011 Data

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Li, Dan; Wang, Jian

    2014-01-01

    Reading for personal interest and acquiring and using information using various reading processes are important parts of reading literacy that students need to develop in order to progress successfully through their schooling and fully function in the information society. Computer assisted reading instructional activities are assumed useful in…

  11. Using Technology and Creative Reading Activities to Increase Pleasure Reading among High School Students in Resource Classes.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barrett, Katherine B.

    This applied dissertation was designed to encourage resource students to read more books for pleasure. Resource students in the writer's high school did not read many books for pleasure. Students had short attention spans and found it difficult to finish school assignments without encouragement. They also found reading difficult and often said…

  12. Motivating Students To Read.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kane, Roberta S.; Warner, Dori

    This action research project implemented a program for motivating students to read so that they would become enthusiastic, lifelong readers. The targeted population consisted of first- and second-grade students in a middle class community located in a western suburb of Chicago, Illinois. The problem of lack of motivation in reading was documented…

  13. Reading, Risk, and Reality: College Students and Reading for Pleasure

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gilbert, Julie; Fister, Barbara

    2011-01-01

    News reports and well-publicized government studies have led to a popular perception that reading is an endangered activity, particularly among youth. In this study we surveyed college students, librarians, and college writing instructors about students' attitudes toward reading for pleasure, examine barriers to voluntary reading among college…

  14. A Study To Determine the Effect of Writing Activities on Reading Comprehension on Second Grade Students at Linden School.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Collins, Linda

    A study investigated what effect, if any, a planned program of writing activities had on reading comprehension. A group of second grade students from Linden Elementary School, West Virginia, were the subjects. Subjects were divided into a control (12 students) and an experimental (13 students) group. Both groups were given a pretest and a…

  15. [Spatio-Temporal Bioelectrical Brain Activity Organization during Reading Syntagmatic and Paradigmatic Collocations by Students with Different Foreign Language Proficiency].

    PubMed

    Sokolova, L V; Cherkasova, A S

    2015-01-01

    Texts or words/pseudowords are often used as stimuli for human verbal activity research. Our study pays attention to decoding processes of grammatical constructions consisted of two-three words--collocations. Russian and English collocation sets without any narrative were presented to Russian-speaking students with different English language skill. Stimulus material had two types of collocations: paradigmatic and syntagmatic. 30 students (average age--20.4 ± 0.22) took part in the study, they were divided into two equal groups depending on their English language skill (linguists/nonlinguists). During reading brain bioelectrical activity of cortex has been registered from 12 electrodes in alfa-, beta-, theta-bands. Coherent function reflecting cooperation of different cortical areas during reading collocations has been analyzed. Increase of interhemispheric and diagonal connections while reading collocations in different languages in the group of students with low knowledge of foreign language testifies of importance of functional cooperation between the hemispheres. It has been found out that brain bioelectrical activity of students with good foreign language knowledge during reading of all collocation types in Russian and English is characterized by economization of nervous substrate resources compared to nonlinguists. Selective activation of certain cortical areas has also been observed (depending on the grammatical construction type) in nonlinguists group that is probably related to special decoding system which processes presented stimuli. Reading Russian paradigmatic constructions by nonlinguists entailed increase between left cortical areas, reading of English syntagmatic collocations--between right ones. PMID:26859985

  16. Reading Cooperatively or Independently? Study on ELL Student Reading Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Liu, Siping; Wang, Jian

    2015-01-01

    This study examines the effectiveness of cooperative reading teaching activities and independent reading activities for English language learner (ELL) students at 4th grade level. Based on simple linear regression and correlational analyses of data collected from two large data bases, PIRLS and NAEP, the study found that cooperative reading…

  17. Let Animals Teach Your Students to Read.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Soltow, Willow

    1986-01-01

    Offers a plan for organizing and implementing a schoolwide reading week entitled, "Drop Everything Else, Read" (DEER). Presents explanations and directions for eight reading activities which focus on animals. Includes materials that can be duplicated and used by students as bookmarks and certificates. (ML)

  18. Student Accountability: Guided Reading Kidstations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guastello, E. Francine; Lenz, Claire

    2005-01-01

    Guided reading is a major component of a comprehensive or balanced reading program. Most teachers understand the value of guided reading in the classroom but have difficulty managing effective implementation. They often ask, "What will the other students be doing when I am working with a guided reading group, and how do I manage all the children…

  19. Reading Recovery and Student Achievement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Joiner, Sherrie Michelle

    2012-01-01

    Reading is a skill, which is essential for a child's school success. The purpose of this quantitative, causal-comparative study was to investigate the effects of the Reading Recovery (RR) Program. The data utilized were from two groups of students at-risk in the area of reading, first-grade students involved in at least 12 weeks of Reading…

  20. T & I--Drafting, Reading the Architect's Scale. Kit No. 16. Instructor's Manual [and] Student Learning Activity Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones, Philip

    An instructor's manual and student activity guide on reading the architect's scale and the metric scale are provided in this set of prevocational education materials which focuses on the vocational area of trade and industry (drafting). (This set of materials is one of ninety-two prevocational education sets arranged around a cluster of seven…

  1. Excusing Elementary School Students from Regular Classroom Activities for the Study of Instrumental Music: The Effect on Sixth-Grade Reading, Language, and Mathematics Achievement.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kvet, Edward J.

    1985-01-01

    No significant difference was found in sixth-grade reading, language, and mathematics achievement between students who were excused from regular classroom activities for the study of instrumental music and students not studying instrumental music. (Author/RM)

  2. College Students' Views of Reading.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nelson, Robert L.

    In order to get some idea of how 18- to 25-year-olds felt about some of their reading moments in school, a reading interest survey was given to 189 college students at the University of Wisconsin, LaCrosse. Females reacted more positvely to questions about the impact of teachers, home life, and methods on their feelings for reading. Oral reading…

  3. The Potency of "READS" to Inform Students' Reading Ability

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mohamed, Abdul Rashid; Eng, Lin Siew; Mohamed Ismail, Shaik Abdul Malik

    2012-01-01

    This paper shares an initiative conducted in Malaysia in terms of knowledge to gauge students' Reading Age and to inform teachers of their students' reading progress and learning. Ensuring teachers understand the needs of students' reading ability and preparing students to read and comprehend texts are the two most fundamental parallel tasks in…

  4. Increasing Reading Compliance and Metacognitive Strategies in Border Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Culver, Tiffany F.

    2016-01-01

    In an effort to increase reading compliance and active reading strategies, quizzes and reading guides were given to 100 participants in four psychology courses. Each participant was given four weeks of reading quizzes and four weeks of reading guides. Participants consisted of students (freshman through senior level) from two colleges along the…

  5. Measuring Reading Activity: An Inventory. Instructional Resource No. 4.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guthrie, John T.; And Others

    Noting that the amount of reading students do is related to their reading achievement, this booklet presents an instrument designed to measure the amount and breadth of students' reading in and out of school. The first part of the booklet discusses the Reading Activity Inventory (RAI) and how it differs from other reading activity measures, uses…

  6. Motivating Middle School Students To Increase Their Recreational Reading through Computers, Journal Writing and Reading Incentives.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Voorhees, P. Jean

    To address middle school students' lack of motivation for recreational reading, the practicum reported here integrated activities designed to improve student attitudes toward reading into a middle school reading program. A target group of 75 students in sixth and seventh grades grouped homogeneously in remedial, average, or enrichment classes…

  7. Readings and Activities for Character Education: A Resource Guide for Teachers and Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brooks, Diane L.

    This resource guide, for teachers and students in the upper elementary and middle school grades, has been developed in response to the nationwide interest in asking schools to play an active role in preparing students to become informed and responsible citizens. The guide is divided into seven sections, one for each character trait: Caring, Civic…

  8. Getting Students Hooked on the Reading Habit

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gambrell, Linda B.

    2015-01-01

    We know that students who enjoy reading are likely to choose to read more often than students who do not enjoy reading. We also know that the more students read the better readers they become. The bottom line is that reading proficiency has been linked to a better and more productive academic, social, and civic life. We really don't need to be…

  9. Assisted Reading with Digital Audiobooks for Students with Reading Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Esteves, Kelli J.; Whitten, Elizabeth

    2011-01-01

    The goal of this study was to compare the efficacy of assisted reading with digital audiobooks with the traditional practice of sustained silent reading (SSR) in terms of reading fluency and reading attitude with upper elementary students with reading disabilities. Treatment group participants selected authentic children's literature and engaged…

  10. Levels of Reading Comprehension and Reading Vocabulary among Graduate Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Collins, Kathleen M. T.; Onwuegbuzie, Anthony J.

    The purpose of the present investigation was to examine graduate students' reading comprehension and reading vocabulary, by comparing scores of graduate students on a standardized reading test to scores obtained by a large normative sample of undergraduates. Participants were 59 graduate students from various disciplines, enrolled in three…

  11. Reading Activities of American Adults.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sharon, Amiel T.

    A reading activities survey as part of the Targeted Research and Development Reading Program was done by interviewing 3,504 adults, aged 16 years or older, selected by area probability sampling. Among the preliminary findings was that the most frequent type of reading is newspaper reading. Seven out of 10 people read or look at a newspaper during…

  12. Sustaining Students' Reading Comprehension

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mariotti, Arleen P.

    2010-01-01

    Extensive research over the years indicates that there are at least five essential components teachers can include in their classroom to help their students comprehend and learn. These features include: (1) giving background and connecting to students' prior knowledge; (2) providing a strong vocabulary program; (3) setting aside ample opportunity…

  13. Examining Student Cognitive and Affective Engagement and Reading Instructional Activities: Spanish-Speaking English Learners' Reading Profiles

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barber, Ana Taboada; Gallagher, Melissa; Smith, Peet; Buehl, Michelle M.; Beck, Jori S.

    2016-01-01

    Recent research has emphasized the key role of engagement in helping students succeed in school and beyond. Given the academic struggles that many English learners (ELs) face as they transition to middle school, exploring the facets of engagement in middle school ELs is needed. We established reader profiles for eight sixth grade Hispanic ELs and…

  14. The Effects of Word Walls and Word Wall Activities on the Reading Fluency of First Grade Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jasmine, Joanne; Schiesl, Pamela

    2009-01-01

    Reading fluency is the ability to read orally with speed and efficiency, including word recognition, decoding, and comprehension (Chard & Pikulski, 2005). Able readers achieve fluency as they recognize words with speed and build upon them to aid in comprehension (Pumfrey & Elliott, 1990). One way to help students achieve fluency is through the use…

  15. VES 490--Readings. Student Manual.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McDonald, Bruce A.

    This manual provides information needed by students taking independent study courses (readings) in agricultural education, business education, home economics education, industrial education, or health occupations education as part of the Vocational Education Studies Program at Southern Illinois University at Carbondale. The objectives of the…

  16. Active Reading Procedures for Moderating the Effects of Poor Highlighting

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gier, Vicki S.; Herring, Daniel; Hudnell, Jason; Montoya, Jodi; Kreiner, David S.

    2010-01-01

    We investigated two active reading techniques intended to eliminate the negative effect on reading comprehension of preexisting, inappropriate highlighting. College students read passages in three highlighting conditions: no highlighting, appropriate highlighting, and inappropriate highlighting. In Experiment 1, 30 students read the passages while…

  17. Motivating Students To Read Physics Content.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sprague, Marsha M.; Cotturone, Jennifer

    2003-01-01

    Describes effective projects that made students effectively read scientific materials in the physics content area. Suggests using trade books in science to enhance student learning of basic physics concepts and comprehension of technical reading matter. (KHR)

  18. Teaching Reading to the Upward Bound Student.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Palmer, Princess A.

    Three steps in teaching reading to Upward Bound students are considered in this paper: individualized needs assessment, determination of students' attitudes toward reading, and the actual instruction. In discussing the diagnosis of students' individual needs, the paper describes the Nelson Reading Test and additional diagnostic tests that may be…

  19. Reading Fluency Instruction for Students at Risk for Reading Failure

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ring, Jeremiah J.; Barefoot, Lexie C.; Avrit, Karen J.; Brown, Sasha A.; Black, Jeffrey L.

    2013-01-01

    The important role of reading fluency in the comprehension and motivation of readers is well documented. Two reading rate intervention programs were compared in a cluster-randomized clinical trial of students who were considered at-risk for reading failure. One program focused instruction at the word level; the second program focused instruction…

  20. Reading Engagement in Science: Elementary Students' Read-Aloud Experiences

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oliveira, Alandeom W.

    2015-01-01

    This study examines student reading engagement with children's science books in elementary classrooms. "Reading engagement" in science is conceived in terms of a Transmission-Transaction continuum. When centered on transmission, science reading entails passive reception of a textually encoded scientific message. By contrast, when science…

  1. "Supported Passage Reading" from Teaching Students with Disabilities To Read. PEER Literacy Resource Brief #4. PEER Project Literacy Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Denton, Carolyn A.; Hasbrouck, Jan E.

    This booklet is part of a series of seven booklets designed to introduce aspects of effective reading instruction that should be considered when teaching reading to students with disabilities. It focuses on essential skill building and teaching activities related to reading passages. The methods described of teaching reading to students with…

  2. Print Reading in General Education Kindergarten Classrooms: What Does It Look Like for Students At-Risk for Reading Difficulties?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kent, Shawn C.; Wanzek, Jeanne; Al Otaiba, Stephanie

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the amount of time spent actively engaged in reading sounds, words, and connected text for students at-risk for reading difficulties in the first formal grade of reading instruction, kindergarten. Observational data of 109 kindergarten students at high-risk for later reading difficulties were collected…

  3. Motivating Students to Read with Collaborative Reading Quizzes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Quinn, Timothy; Eckerson, Todd

    2010-01-01

    One of the most important challenges a teacher faces is motivating his or her students to complete reading assignments and to complete them carefully. After all, if students bring to class a basic understanding of the text up for discussion, much deeper learning can occur than if the teacher is forced to spend time explaining the reading to…

  4. Elementary Students' Motivation to Read. Reading Research Report No. 52.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gambrell, Linda B.; And Others

    This study explored 330 third- and fifth-grade Maryland students' motivation to read using the Motivation to Read Profile (MRP). The first part of the MRP, a Likert-type, self-report, group-administered questionnaire, was completed by all students. The second part of the MRP, the Conversational Interview, was individually administered to a random…

  5. Active Reading Documents (ARDs): A Tool to Facilitate Meaningful Learning through Reading

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dubas, Justin M.; Toledo, Santiago A.

    2015-01-01

    Presented here is a practical tool called the Active Reading Document (ARD) that can give students the necessary incentive to engage with the text/readings. By designing the tool to incrementally develop student understanding of the material through reading using Marzano's Taxonomy as a framework, the ARD offers support through scaffolding as…

  6. Effects of Differentiated Reading on Elementary Students' Reading Comprehension and Attitudes toward Reading

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shaunessy-Dedrick, Elizabeth; Evans, Linda; Ferron, John; Lindo, Myriam

    2015-01-01

    In this investigation, we examined the effects of a differentiated reading approach on fourth grade students' reading comprehension and attitudes toward reading. Eight Title I schools within one urban district were randomly assigned to treatment (Schoolwide Enrichment Model-Reading [SEM-R]) or control (district reading curriculum) conditions.…

  7. Improving Student Reading. Idea Paper No. 26.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maleki, Razieh B.; Heerman, Charles E.

    This paper focuses on methods to improve the reading abilities of college students. A list of five elements college instructors (who are not reading specialists) should establish in a content reading agenda is offered; (1) an instructional basis for the reading process which will work for them; (2) content literacy environments; (3) insights into…

  8. Remedial Reading Students at Moraine Valley.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reis, Elizabeth

    In an effort to assess the effectiveness of their remedial reading courses, Moraine Valley Community College (MVCC) in Palos Hills, Illinois, undertook a study of the retention, course completion, and graduation rates of students who completed one of three remedial reading courses: RDG-040, basic skills for students reading below the 7th grade…

  9. Reading Comprehension among African American Graduate Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Onwuegbuzie, Anthony J.; Mayes, Eric; Arthur, Leslie; Johnson, Joseph; Robinson, Veronica; Ashe, Shante; Elbedour, Salman; Collins, Kathleen M. T.

    2004-01-01

    A study was conducted to examine the reading comprehension performance of African American graduate students. The result showed that though the African American sample attained statistically significantly higher levels of reading comprehension than a normative sample of undergraduate students, they achieved lower levels of reading comprehension…

  10. University Students with Poor Reading Comprehension

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Georgiou, George K.; Das, J. P.

    2015-01-01

    The present study aimed to examine the nature of the working memory and general cognitive ability deficits experienced by university students with a specific reading comprehension deficit. A total of 32 university students with poor reading comprehension but average word-reading skills and 60 age-word-matched controls with no comprehension…

  11. Assign Books, and Students Will Read

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bunge, Nancy

    2008-01-01

    After watching an instructional film informing that only 26 percent of today's college students do the reading for their courses, the author announced to a colleague that she gives reading tests; the colleague looked at her with what seemed a mixture of shock and pity. Indeed, the video in no way suggested that instructors compel students to read;…

  12. Help Me Read: Student Characteristics, Reading Attitudes, and Perceptions within a Developmental Reading Course

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McDowell, Forrest D., Jr.

    2011-01-01

    The research compiled ten-year, foundational information about students enrolled in a developmental reading course. The institutional data collected included student enrollment, demographics, and academic markers of success. A pre/post survey examined students' reading attitudes to determine if reading attitudes changed through the course…

  13. Active Reading Behaviors in Tablet-Based Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Palilonis, Jennifer; Bolchini, Davide

    2015-01-01

    Active reading is fundamental to learning. However, there is little understanding about whether traditional active reading frameworks sufficiently characterize how learners study multimedia tablet textbooks. This paper explores the nature of active reading in the tablet environment through a qualitative study that engaged 30 students in an active…

  14. Headsprout Early Reading for Students at Risk for Reading Failure

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kreskey, Donna D.

    2012-01-01

    This study examined the efficacy of using Headsprout Early Reading (Headsprout, 2007) to supplement a balanced literacy curriculum for kindergarten and first grade students in a suburban public school system. Headsprout, which is an example of computer aided instruction (CAI), provided internet-based, supplemental reading instruction that…

  15. Book Clubs in Developmental Reading: Building Reading Comprehension, Fostering Reading Enjoyment, and Engaging Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maldonado, Michele

    2012-01-01

    The use of book clubs in college developmental reading classes is an effective way to encourage reluctant readers to build and strengthen reading skills, foster reading enjoyment, and engage students. In addition, book clubs build a sense of community within the classroom as the students converse and share their interpretations of the reading…

  16. The Relationship of Print Reading in Tier I Instruction and Reading Achievement for Kindergarten Students at Risk of Reading Difficulties

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wanzek, Jeanne; Roberts, Greg; Al Otaiba, Stephanie; Kent, Shawn C.

    2014-01-01

    For many students at risk of reading difficulties, effective, early reading instruction can improve reading outcomes and set them on a positive reading trajectory. Thus, response-to-intervention models include a focus on a student's Tier I reading instruction as one element for preventing reading difficulties and identifying students with a…

  17. Benchmarking Year Five Students' Reading Abilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lim, Chang Kuan; Eng, Lin Siew; Mohamed, Abdul Rashid

    2014-01-01

    Reading and understanding a written text is one of the most important skills in English learning.This study attempts to benchmark Year Five students' reading abilities of fifteen rural schools in a district in Malaysia. The objectives of this study are to develop a set of standardised written reading comprehension and a set of indicators to inform…

  18. Measuring ESL Students' Awareness of Reading Strategies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mokharti, Kouider; Sheorey, Ravi

    2002-01-01

    Describes the Survey of Reading Strategies (SORS) instrument, which is intended to measure adolescent and adult ESL students' metacognitive awareness and perceived use of reading strategies while reading academic materials such as textbooks. Discusses the development of SORS and offers guidance for using it as a means of raising learner awareness…

  19. Perceptions of EFL Students toward Academic Reading

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Akarsu, Oktay; Harputlu, Leyla

    2014-01-01

    In this study, data were collected using a modified version of Mokhtari and Sheorey's (2002) Survey of Reading Strategies (SORS). Results suggest that Turkish EFL (English as a Foreign Language) students at the graduate level, while engaged in academic reading, are aware of almost all effective reading strategies, though each one is not used…

  20. Impact of Activity-Based Mathematics Instruction on Students with Different Prior Knowledge and Reading Abilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yüksel, Ismail

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to examine the impact of activity-based mathematics instruction on mathematics performance and investigate those factors, which contribute to the mathematics performance of a sample of children aged between 10 and 12 years. The study was designed to consider the impact of prior knowledge, self-regulation, prior attitude,…

  1. Student Team Reading and Writing. What Works Clearinghouse Intervention Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    What Works Clearinghouse, 2011

    2011-01-01

    "Student team reading and writing" refers to two cooperative learning programs for secondary students included in this intervention report: (1) "Student Team Reading and Writing" and (2) Student Team Reading. The "Student Team Reading and Writing" program (Stevens, 2003) is an integrated approach to reading and language arts for early adolescents.…

  2. Extending Learning: Reading Packets for ESL Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bourret, Chris

    2009-01-01

    The article describes how the author explores the use of out-of-school "reading packets" as a new learning option for adult English for Speakers of Other Languages (ESOL) students. Since their spring 2008 debut, take-home packets have evolved into folders of pleasurable reading materials that high-beginner and intermediate ESOL students explore…

  3. Compel Students to Read with Compelling Nonfiction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kelsey, Marie

    2011-01-01

    To cover everything, they often must race through mandated chunks of content knowledge, making it impossible for students to savor and reflect on any new ideas that might motivate them to read personally interesting materials outside of class. This is a lost opportunity for students to engage in authentic reading and learning on their own terms.…

  4. Improving the Development of Students' Reading Skills.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beneventi, Angela; McEndollar, Linda; Smith, Deborah

    This report describes a program for improving the development of students' reading skills. The targeted population consisted of students in kindergarten, first, and second grades. The classrooms were located in adjoining lower socioeconomic areas. The problem of poorly developed reading skills was documented through data collected by the teacher…

  5. Reading Interests of Junior High School Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goetze, Henry J.

    This research project studies the reading interests of junior high school students in a city school in the metropolitan Atlanta area. Four hundred and fifty students--representative of the school population according to grade level, race, sex, and scholastic standing--were given a questionnaire reflecting their reading interests and habits.…

  6. Effect of Book Reading Method upon Attitudes of Students towards Learning and Reading Habit

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ahmet, Kara; Ali, Ünisen; Eyup, Izci

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of lessons trained through large group discussion method in a classroom environment during 10-15 min at the end of silent book reading activity for the first thirty minutes during a term upon attitudes of students towards learning and reading habit. The research was carried out with totally 89…

  7. Active Reading Experience Questionnaire: Development and Validation of an Instrument for Studying Active Reading Activities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Palilonis, Jennifer; Butler, Darrell

    2015-01-01

    The increasing adoption of mobile platforms and digital textbooks in university classrooms continues to have a profound impact on higher education. Advocates believe that providing students digital textbooks with built-in annotation features and interactive study tools will improve learning by facilitating active reading, a task essential to…

  8. Improving Student Reading by Implementing Phonics Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Appleton, Beth; Karlson, Stephanie; Mendez, Donna

    This report describes phonics programs that will increase students' fluency and independent reading skills. The targeted population consisted of second grade students in a growing affluent community and first grade students in a large metropolitan city. The first and second grade students demonstrated a lack of awareness between phonemes and their…

  9. The Efficacy of Repeated Reading and Wide Reading Practice for High School Students with Severe Reading Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wexler, Jade; Vaughn, Sharon; Roberts, Greg; Denton, Carolyn A.

    2010-01-01

    This experimental study was conducted to examine the efficacy of repeated reading and wide reading practice interventions for high school students with severe reading disabilities. Effects on comprehension, fluency, and word reading were evaluated. Participants were 96 students with reading disabilities in grades 9-12. Students were paired within…

  10. The Relevant Factors in Promoting Reading Activities in Elementary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Huang, Han-Chen; Tsai, Yao-Hsu; Huang, Shih-Hsiang

    2015-01-01

    In order to help students absorb knowledge, schools often conduct reading activities. Thorough planning and strategies, however, are needed to insure the effect of reading promotions, and make them a deeply-rooted part of life. This study adopted the analytic hierarchy process (AHP) to discuss the relevant factors in promoting reading activities…

  11. Comparing the Reading Behaviors in Three Groups of First Grade Students--Students Who Discontinued from Reading Recovery, Students Who Did Not Discontinue from Reading Recovery, and Students Who Never Needed Reading Recovery

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Greaney, Sharon

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to compare the variety, complexity, and frequency of reading behaviors of three groups of first grade students--students who discontinued from Reading Recovery (D-RR), students who did not discontinue from Reading Recovery (ND-RR), and students who never needed Reading Recovery (A-NRR). Students were asked to read…

  12. Students Read Newspapers: Who, What, and Why.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bank, Stanley

    A survey was conducted to determine how much and under what conditions students read voluntarily. Subjects, 844 secondary students, completed a questionnaire that was then analyzed using the Crosstabulation Subprogram of "Statistical Package for the Social Sciences" to correlate results with students' sex, grade level, scholastic achievement, and…

  13. Increasing Reading Fluency in Elementary Students with Low Vision through Repeated Readings.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Koenig, A. J.; Layton, C. A.

    1998-01-01

    Evaluation of the use of repeated readings to increase the reading fluency of four elementary students with low vision found the intervention was effective in improving all four students' reading fluency without adversely affecting error rates or comprehension. Students' improved reading rates also generalized to classroom reading. (DB)

  14. Student Perceptions on Using Guided Reading Questions to Motivate Student Reading in the Flipped Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Charles A.; Danvers, Kreag; Doran, David T.

    2016-01-01

    Although upper-level accounting majors tend to be more motivated than introductory-level students, or non-accounting majors, it is still challenging to motivate such students to complete and understand assigned readings. The purpose of this study is to assess student perceptions on the implementation of guided reading questions to motivate and…

  15. Reading Interests of High School Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Diaz-Rubin, C.

    1996-01-01

    Investigates the reading genre preferences of 254 male and female high school students in Pennsylvania. Draws comparisons with similar research done 10 years earlier. Finds a substantial change in reading interests. Notes the top 10 areas of interest are adventure, horror, mysteries, humor, murder, love, fantasy, crime, sports, and movies. (RS)

  16. Reading Attitudes of Texas High School Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bussert-Webb, Kathy; Zhang, Zhidong

    2016-01-01

    Through random sampling, we surveyed 2,568 high school students throughout Texas to determine their reading attitudes vis-à-vis individual and school background variables. Sources were the Rhody reading attitude scale and public domain campus summary data; the lenses of attitude theory and social justice informed this study. Significant…

  17. Improving Recreational Reading Habits of Elementary Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Krug, Marline; Fordonski, Patricia

    A study investigated the effectiveness of a program for improving the recreational reading habits of elementary students through the use of cross-age tutoring in critical reading strategies. The targeted population consisted of a kindergarten and a fourth-grade class in the growing upper-middle-class community of Geneva, Illinois, located…

  18. The Online Reading Habits of Malaysian Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abidin, Mohammad Jafre Bin Zainol; Pourmohammadi, Majid; Varasingam, Nalini A/P; Lean, Ooi Choon

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to ascertain the differences in online reading habits between genders and investigate the relationship between socio-economic status and online reading habits. Using a questionnaire, a quantitative approach was administered to 240 Form-Four students from four secondary schools in Penang Island, Malaysia. Findings…

  19. Generous Reading: Seeing Students through Their Writing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spence, Lucy K.

    2010-01-01

    This article describes the writing of one third-grade English-language learner (ELL) to illustrate how generous reading can provide a bridge for ELLs when their writing is not yet ready for a more judgmental reading. It presents a formalized approach that builds upon students' linguistic strengths and traces their written words to sources in the…

  20. Exploring Students' Learning Effectiveness and Attitude in Group Scribbles-Supported Collaborative Reading Activities: A Study in the Primary Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lin, C.-P.; Chen, W.; Yang, S.-J.; Xie, W.; Lin, C.-C.

    2014-01-01

    Improving students' reading comprehension is of significance. In this study, collaborative learning supported by Group Scribbles (GS), a networked technology, was integrated into a primary reading class. Forty-seven 10-year-old students from two 4th grade classes participated in the study. Experimental and control groups were established to…

  1. Students with Reading Difficulties/Dyslexia: A Longitudinal Swedish Example

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mattson, Eva Heimdahl; Fischbein, Siv; Roll-Pettersson, Lise

    2010-01-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate the longitudinal development of students having difficulties with reading and their decoding ability in Swedish compulsory school. Another aim was to relate this to the experiences of educational activities expressed by students and parents. The decoding ability was assessed by a word chain test given at…

  2. Increasing Reading/Literacy Performance of At-Risk Elementary Students through Increased Access to Fiction/Non-Fiction Resources and Incorporating Readers Theater Activities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Salas, Gayla L.

    2008-01-01

    This action research project was developed in order to increase student literacy, particularly in the area of reading, for students who were considered at-risk. The targeted student population was 2nd grade students who were served within a primary cross-categorical special education program. The classroom was housed in an elementary (K-2) school,…

  3. The Sustainability of Reading Recovery Intervention on Reading Achievement of Students Identified as At-Risk for Early Reading Failure

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harley, Anne J.

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the impact and sustainability of successfully discontinued first grade Reading Recovery students as compared to non-Reading Recovery students in reading achievement measures as third graders. Schools are facing the unprecedented challenge to ensure reading success for all students by the end of second…

  4. Open the Door for Reading (Motivational Activities).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Voorhees, Roxy

    Designed to help elementary teachers motivate students to read, this illustrated booklet presents a store of classroom ideas that promote and enrich reading. Materials presented include (1) instructions for making a "bookworm" bookmark for each student; (2) various animated bulletin board games intended to accompany the reading process and to help…

  5. Improving Student Interest in Recreational Reading.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lange, Ronald

    A study investigated the effectiveness of a program for improving the recreational reading habits of fifth-grade students and encouraging them to become lifelong readers. The targeted population lived in a growing, low- to upper-middle-class, suburban community, located in Hanover Park, approximately 35 miles west of Chicago, Illinois. Students in…

  6. Reading Practices: Postgraduate Thai Student Perceptions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bell, Joyce

    2007-01-01

    The importance of reading for academic study cannot be overemphasized. At the postgraduate level, students are faced with complex text interpretation processes. Yet, while concerns have been expressed regarding the English as a second language literacy (Fitzgerald, 1995), few international students have been asked for their views on their…

  7. Intensive Interventions in Reading for Students with Reading Disabilities: Meaningful Impacts

    PubMed Central

    Vaughn, Sharon; Wanzek, Jeanne

    2013-01-01

    We use three data sources to build a rationale for why intensive interventions are necessary for students with pervasive reading disabilities: current data on the performance of students with disabilities on reading achievement measures over time, observation studies on students with reading disabilities in general and special education classrooms, and findings from intensive intervention studies for students with reading disabilities. Results of these data sources indicate that students with disabilities are not making progress in reading at the same rate as students without disabilities, reading instruction for students with reading disabilities is comprised of excessive amounts of low level tasks, and findings from intensive intervention studies suggest positive impacts for students with reading disabilities. We argue that students with reading disabilities require ongoing intensive interventions that are likely to require schools to change the contexts and practices for these students. PMID:24910504

  8. Labeled Reading Disabled and "Doing Reading": One College Student's Reading History

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Randel, Maryl A.

    2014-01-01

    In this work, the author analyzes how Mari, an undergraduate student labeled with a reading disability, describes her reading opportunities and texts throughout her K-16 schooling. Using a disability studies in education lens, the researcher investigated the role that experiences with texts played in Mari's identity development as a reader.…

  9. Effect of Recreational Reading, on the Attitude toward Reading, of Students Identified as Learning Disabled.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nonweiler, Mindy

    2001-01-01

    Questions if various methods of Recreational Reading would affect the reading attitudes of students who are identified as learning disabled. Finds that the following methods were both motivating and enjoyable for the student: self-sustained silent reading, book talk by teacher, books on tape, partner read when students selected their own partner,…

  10. E-Reading Comprehension versus Conventional Reading Comprehension of Junior High Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stevens, Brian

    2014-01-01

    Technology is an increasing part in the lives of junior high students, but little is known about how this technology affects their reading. Reading comprehension from e-books is compared to reading comprehension from conventional print books with junior high students. The problem is that students may be reading from a medium that is less than the…

  11. Benefits of Assistive Reading Software for Students with Attention Disorders.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hecker, Linda; Burns, Liza; Elkind, Jerome; Elkind, Kenneth; Katz, Lynda

    2002-01-01

    A study investigated how assistive reading software affected the reading performance of 20 postsecondary students who had attention deficit disorder. The software allowed the students to attend better to their reading, reduce distractibility, read with less stress, and read for longer periods of time. It did not affect comprehension. (Contains…

  12. Helping Students Read to Learn

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davis, Deborah; Barton, Rhonda

    2006-01-01

    Erin Rogers is on a mission to change teachers' minds. As a literacy coach at Skyview High School in Vancouver, Washington, she advises other teachers on how to infuse literacy into lessons across the curriculum. It's not an easy job: many secondary school instructors see themselves as content experts and believe that teaching reading is best left…

  13. Empowering Students with Digital Reading

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Puente, Kelly

    2012-01-01

    This article describes new digital reading products that are designed to improve aptitude, fulfill Common Core State Standards, provide unlimited access to online libraries, and bring 21st-century learning into the classroom. With a coming wave of the new products, school districts have various options to help bring 21st-century learning into the…

  14. Inquiry Science and Active Reading

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sandifer, Cody

    2011-01-01

    Pairing an inquiry lesson with a traditional reading activity creates a jarring philosophical mismatch between the interaction, deep thinking, and scientific reasoning that drives meaningful inquiry instruction and the "scan the text, copy the answers" response often obtained from elementary nonfiction readers. Realizing that there must be a…

  15. Phonics Activities in the Reading Curriculum.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ediger, Marlow

    Much debate centers on motivating students in reading achievement. Should students feel motivated from within (intrinsic motivation), or is it better to have extrinsic motivation whereby external stimuli are used to help learners achieve optimally in reading? This paper aims to analyze the two points of view about motivating students in reading…

  16. The reading memo: Listening to our students

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Boys, Donald W.

    1997-03-01

    Traditional large lecture instruction leaves little room for the instructor to gain a running sense of how the students perceive the material. Exam feedback comes with a high price to the student who has experienced difficulty learning the material. Following a suggestion of Edwin Taylor (1), I have adopted the Reading Memo for my calculus-based introductory mechanics class as a way to improve my knowledge of student difficulties without any grade penalty. My students are entirely commuter students and spend most of their time off-campus.

  17. Reading Preferences and Expectations of Multilingual Israeli University Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bensoussan, Marsha

    2009-01-01

    Israeli students need to be multilingually literate to read academic texts, mainly in Hebrew, Arabic, Russian and English. In fact, little is known about students' reading habits despite a variety of university reading comprehension courses in different languages. The present study examines students' reading preferences and textual expectations,…

  18. Student Reading Practices in Print and Electronic Media

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Foasberg, Nancy M.

    2014-01-01

    This paper reports a diary-based qualitative study on college students' reading habits with regard to print and electronic media. Students used a form to record information about their reading practices for twelve days, including length of reading event, location, format used, and the purpose of reading. Students tended to use print for academic…

  19. Do You Read Me? Industrial Supplement: Reading Development Activities Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kendall, Elizabeth L.; Chenoweth, Roberta

    This activity guide is one of four supplements to be used with "Do You Read Me? Prevocational-Vocational Reading Development Activities" (ED 210 454). Each supplement deals with a different occupational category. Games, puzzles, and other activities are offered to aid in developing the word recognition, vocabulary, and comprehension skills of…

  20. Do You Read Me? Service Supplement: Reading Development Activities Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kendall, Elizabeth L.; Chenoweth, Roberta

    This activity guide is one of four supplements to be used with "Do You Read Me? Prevocational-Vocational Reading Development Activities" (ED 210 454). Each supplement deals with a different occupational category. Games, puzzles, and other activities are offered to aid in developing the word recognition, vocabulary, and comprehension skills of…

  1. Do You Read Me? Environmental Supplement: Reading Development Activities Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kendall, Elizabeth L.; Chenoweth, Roberta

    This activity guide is one of four supplements to be used with "Do You Read Me? Prevocational-Vocational Reading Development Activities" (ED 210 454). Each supplement deals with a different occupational category. Games, puzzles, and other activities are offered to aid in developing the word recognition, vocabulary, and comprehension skills of…

  2. Reading, Writing & Rings: Science Literacy for K-4 Students

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    McConnell, S.; Spilker, L.; Zimmerman-Brachman, R.

    2007-12-01

    Scientific discovery is the impetus for the K-4 Education program, "Reading, Writing & Rings." This program is unique because its focus is to engage elementary students in reading and writing to strengthen these basic academic skills through scientific content. As science has been increasingly overtaken by the language arts in elementary classrooms, the Cassini Education Program has taken advantage of a new cross-disciplinary approach to use language arts as a vehicle for increasing scientific content in the classroom. By utilizing the planet Saturn and the Cassini-Huygens mission as a model in both primary reading and writing students in these grade levels, young students can explore science material while at the same time learning these basic academic skills. Content includes reading, thinking, and hands-on activities. Developed in partnership with the Cassini-Huygens Education and Public Outreach Program, the Bay Area Writing Project/California Writing Project, Foundations in Reading Through Science & Technology (FIRST), and the Caltech Pre-College Science Initiative (CAPSI), and classroom educators, "Reading, Writing & Rings" blends the excitement of space exploration with reading and writing. All materials are teacher developed, aligned with national science and language education standards, and are available from the Cassini-Huygens website: http://saturn.jpl.nasa.gov/education/edu-k4.cfm Materials are divided into two grade level units. One unit is designed for students in grades 1 and 2 while the other unit focuses on students in grades 3 and 4. Each includes a series of lessons that take students on a path of exploration of Saturn using reading and writing prompts.

  3. The Relationship between Strategic Reading Instruction, Student Learning of L2-Based Reading Strategies and L2 Reading Achievement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Akkakoson, Songyut

    2013-01-01

    This study investigates the relationship between strategic reading instruction, the process of learning second language-based reading strategies and English reading achievement for Thai university students of science and technology. In a course in reading general English texts for 16?weeks, 82 students were taught using a strategies-based approach…

  4. Secondary Students' Reading Attitudes and Achievement in a Scaffolded Silent Reading Program versus Traditional Sustained Silent Reading

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    West, Chandra Lorene

    2010-01-01

    This study explored the reading attitudes and achievement, as well as genre knowledge, of tenth, eleventh, and twelfth-grade students who participated in Scaffolded Silent Reading, Sustained Silent Reading, or a control group. The Reading and You attitude survey, Degrees of Reading Power achievement measure, and Genre Assessment were administered…

  5. Motivating Student Reading Through Read-Alouds and Home-School Independent Reading.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wojciechowski, Linda; Zweig, Deborah

    This report describes a plan for motivating students to read in order to allow them to enjoy and appreciate literature and to provide the practice necessary to become effective readers. The targeted population consisted of first and fourth grade students in a middle class community, located in the Middle West. The problems of minimal time engaged…

  6. Student Academic Reading Preferences: A Study of Online Reading Habits and Inclinations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Podolsky, Tim; Soiferman, Karen

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore student preferences regarding reading print materials or online reading materials for academic purposes, as well as to examine how students adapt traditional reading strategies such as underlining, highlighting, and taking marginal notes when reading electronic texts. A total of 61 participants (32…

  7. Academic Responding during Instruction and Reading Outcomes for Kindergarten Students At-Risk for Reading Difficulties

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wanzek, Jeanne; Roberts, Greg; Al Otaiba, Stephanie

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the academic responding of students at-risk for reading difficulties in beginning reading instruction. Opportunities for kindergarten students at-risk for reading difficulties to respond academically during teacher-facilitated reading instruction in the general education classroom were examined in…

  8. Examining the Effectiveness of Pre-Reading Strategies on Saudi EFL College Students' Reading Comprehension

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Al Rasheed, Hana S. S.

    2014-01-01

    Reading comprehension is a key issue in learning English as a foreign language, and it is critical that teachers utilize pre-reading strategies in reading classes in order to help students enhance their comprehension. The present study investigates the effectiveness of two pre-reading strategies on EFL students' performance in reading…

  9. Improving Reading Comprehension of Underprepared College Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Doughty, Irma Darrow

    A practicum was designed to improve reading comprehension of 10 basic skills college students by providing training using 5 specific strategies and techniques. Five specific strategies based on a review of the literature were selected: (1) metacognitive awareness; (2) discussion; (3) self-monitoring charts; (4) use of pictures as an introduction…

  10. Spontaneous Sourcing among Students Reading Multiple Documents

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stromso, Helge I.; Braten, Ivar; Britt, M. Anne; Ferguson, Leila E.

    2013-01-01

    This study used think-aloud methodology to explore undergraduates' spontaneous attention to and use of source information while reading six documents that presented conflicting views on a controversial social scientific issue in a Google-like environment. Results showed that students explicitly and implicitly paid attention to sources of documents…

  11. Reading Instruction and the Kindergarten Student.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ediger, Marlow

    Kindergarten stresses the readiness factor for learning. This paper first lists 10 things which kindergarten students have experienced in developing readiness for first grade. The paper then discusses 10 things that teachers can do to approach teaching reading in the kindergarten classroom. Finally, it considers additional assistance to aid…

  12. Effects of Daily Read-Alouds on Students' Sustained Silent Reading

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pegg, Lauren A.; Bartelheim, Frederick J.

    2011-01-01

    This action research project investigated the effects of daily teacher read-alouds on first graders' ability to sustain silent reading for an extended length of time. Students' enjoyment of silent reading was also investigated. The data on ability to sustain silent reading was collected from timed silent reading experiences, and a pre and post…

  13. Text and Truth: Reading, Student Experience, and the Common Core

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sandler, Susan; Hammond, Zaretta

    2012-01-01

    One of the rumors making the rounds of K-12 educators goes something like this: The Common Core State Standards do not allow "prereading"--the pedagogical practice meant to help students better understand a text they are about to read--or for that matter any classroom activities that contextualize a text through outside sources. The interesting…

  14. Predicting Reading Achievement for the Gifted Upper Grade Student.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Osen, Deborah K.

    A study was conducted to determine how well gifted students in grades 4-6 should be reading and whether traditional reading expectancy formulas are useful in predicting reading achievement of gifted students in the upper elementary grades. The total reading scores on the Comprehensive Test of Basic Skills (Form Q2) for 624 fourth and sixth graders…

  15. Readability of Magazines of Interest to Reading-Deficit Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, Maurice; And Others

    The reading abilities of low achieving high school students at two schools were compared to the readability levels of the magazines in which they showed interest. The median tested reading ability of these students was reported as third/fourth grade by their reading teachers. The reading specialist at one high school reported that boys had an…

  16. The Reading Success Intervention and the Relationship to Student Achievement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yudzentis, Jayne E.

    2012-01-01

    This quantitative, quasi-experimental study investigated the reading achievement of students at-risk of failure to learn to read. This study analyzed the effectiveness of the reading intervention program, Reading Success, which is used with at-risk first grade students in an elementary school district in DuPage County, Illinois. The Reading…

  17. Use of Reading Pen Assistive Technology to Accommodate Post-Secondary Students with Reading Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schmitt, Ara J.; McCallum, Elizabeth; Hennessey, Jenna; Lovelace, Temple; Hawkins, Renee O.

    2012-01-01

    Reading pens are a form of assistive technology that may be used to bypass weak word decoding and vocabulary skills of students with reading disabilities. Only two known studies have examined the effects of reading pens on the comprehension of school-aged students, and no known studies have been published regarding post-secondary students. The…

  18. The Relationship between African American Middle School Students' Attitudes toward Reading and Their Reading Comprehension Level

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harris, LeCharle Webb

    2009-01-01

    There are numerous strongly held views and myths about African American students in general and middle school students in particular. This study investigated widely held views about African American middle school students' attitudes toward reading and about how positive attitudes toward reading affect reading performances. In this study, four…

  19. The Efficacy of the Scientific Research Associates Corrective Reading Program for Students with Reading Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Young, Sharon K.

    2012-01-01

    In 2009, the National Assessment of Educational Process reported that the average reading score for students in one state was lower than that reported for students from 43 other states. The percentage of students performing at or above the accepted proficiency level in reading was 24% in 2009. School curriculum promotes reading achievement, yet…

  20. Improving Reading Comprehension of At-Risk High-School Students: The ART of Reading Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCallum, R. Steve; Krohn, Katherine R.; Skinner, Christopher H.; Hilton-Prillhart, Angela; Hopkins, Michael; Waller, Steven; Polite, Fritz

    2011-01-01

    Participants (115 low-socioeconomic-status [SES], inner-city, high-school students) were exposed to three reading conditions: (1) a control condition in which students silently read brief selected passages; (2) an experimental condition in which students were prompted to perform a three-part (Ask, Read, and Tell [ART]) comprehension enhancement…

  1. Intensive Interventions in Reading for Students with Reading Disabilities: Meaningful Impacts

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vaughn, Sharon; Wanzek, Jeanne

    2014-01-01

    We use three data sources to build a rationale for why intensive interventions are necessary for students with pervasive reading disabilities: current data on the performance of students with disabilities on reading achievement measures over time, observation studies on students with reading disabilities in general and special education…

  2. Improving the Reading Recall of High School Students with ADHD

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Joseph W.; Reid, Robert; Mason, Linda H.

    2012-01-01

    Students with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) often have difficulty with reading comprehension. This multiple baseline across participants design with multiple probes study examined the effectiveness of a multicomponent reading comprehension strategy (TWA: Think Before Reading, Think While Reading, Think After Reading) taught…

  3. Efficacy of an Individualized Reading Intervention with Secondary Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roberts, Greg; Wexler, Jade; Vaughn, Sharon; Fall, Anna-Maria; Pyle, Nicole; Williams, Jacob

    2012-01-01

    The study evaluates the efficacy of an intensive, reading intervention, a dropout prevention intervention, and an intensive, reading intervention plus dropout prevention on high school students' reading achievement and rates of dropout/school engagement. This paper focuses on the reading intervention and on reading outcomes. Data on the drop out…

  4. Cross-Age Tutorial Program To Increase Reading Comprehension through the Use of High Interest Activities Involving Reading.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leatherwood, Prudence Lee

    A practicum used a program of high interest activities involving reading to address the problem of low reading comprehension grades and test scores of eight students in the second through fourth grades, who were an average of 1 year behind the norm in reading. The program's six units included a listening unit, computer technology unit, daily…

  5. Reading Achievement for Students with Autism and Students with Learning Disability: A Comprehensive Examination of Five Key Areas of Reading

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Quan, Jenny Lynn

    2014-01-01

    Students with ASD present as unique learners with individual characteristics which may impact their reading performance, particularly related to word reading and comprehension. While a relatively new area of research in reading, students with ASD demonstrate a pattern of below average performance on standardized measures of reading achievement,…

  6. Comprehension Monitoring and Reading Comprehension in Bilingual Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kolic-Vehovec, Svjetlana; Bajsanski, Igor

    2007-01-01

    This study explored comprehension monitoring, use of reading strategies and reading comprehension of bilingual students at different levels of perceived proficiency in Italian. The participants were bilingual fifth to eighth-grade elementary school students from four Italian schools in Rijeka, Croatia. Students' reading comprehension was assessed.…

  7. A Comparison of Reading Response Methods to Increase Student Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davis, Cheryl J.; Zane, Thomas

    2016-01-01

    It is common in college courses to test students on the required readings for that course. With a rise in online education it is often the case that students are required to provide evidence of reading the material. However, there is little empirical research stating the best written means to assess that students read the materials. This study…

  8. Transforming Reading Comprehension Instruction through Student Conferencing and Teacher Journaling

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Costello, David

    2014-01-01

    When I was asked to teach the entire literacy curriculum to my grade six students in only five months, I implemented reading conferences as an instructional practice to deepen students' reading comprehension. Classroom events related to reading conferences, student decision-making, and instructional planning were recorded in a journal. This…

  9. Reading Matters: Framing and Metacognition with Thai Postgraduate Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bell, Joyce

    2011-01-01

    Reading is a critical skill for postgraduate students--effective reading, reading comprehension, and awareness of varying interpretations contribute to students' greater progress in their academic fields (Anderson, 1999). Many students arrive at their Australian university with a mismatch of expectations and skills. This study examined reading…

  10. University Students' Reading of Their First-Year Mathematics Textbooks

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shepherd, Mary D.; Selden, Annie; Selden, John

    2012-01-01

    This article reports the observed behaviors and difficulties that 11 precalculus and calculus students exhibited in reading new passages from their mathematics textbooks. To gauge the "effectiveness" of these students' reading, we asked them to attempt straightforward mathematical tasks, based directly on what they had just read. The students had…

  11. Can Reading Questions Foster Active Learning? A Study of Six College Courses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Koontz, T. M.; Plank, K. M.

    2011-01-01

    Many instructors strive to encourage student reading outside of class and active learning in class. One pedagogical tool, structured reading questions, can help do both. Using examples from question sets across six courses, the authors illustrate how reading questions can help students achieve the six active-learning principles described by…

  12. Reading for Different Goals: The Interplay of EFL College Students' Multiple Goals, Reading Strategy Use and Reading Comprehension

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    He, Tung-hsien

    2008-01-01

    This study explored the effects of achievement goals on English as a foreign language (EFL) college students' reading strategy use and reading comprehension from the perspective of multiple goals. Fifty-seven participants verbalised their thoughts while reading an English expository essay. They also completed assessments on their reading goal…

  13. Reading Motivation, Perceptions of Reading Instruction and Reading Amount: A Comparison of Junior and Senior Secondary Students in Hong Kong

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lau, Kit-Ling

    2009-01-01

    This study examined the relations between students' reading motivation, perceptions of reading instruction and reading amount, together with grade differences, in a Chinese educational context. A total of 1,146 students from 19 secondary schools in Hong Kong voluntarily responded to a questionnaire that measured these three sets of variables. The…

  14. Factors related to students' engaged reading in high school science classrooms

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ochoa-Angrino, Solanlly

    Using emergent motivation theory, this study analyzes the relationships between high school students' perceptions of their reading skills, task challenge, and personal control over assigned reading activities and their reading engagement (i.e., interest, enjoyment, and concentration) during science instruction. The study also examines how these relationships differ between struggling and proficient readers. Further, the study examines the association between students' experiences of conditions of anxiety, apathy, boredom or relaxation and flow on their reading engagement during science instruction. Finally, the study investigates the relationship between reading engagement and science achievement. The experience sampling method (ESM) was used with a sample of 244 high school students in grades 9--12 to measure students' perceptions of skill, challenge, and control, and their reading engagement during science instruction. Hierarchical linear modeling (HLM) was employed with repeated-measures analysis of students' momentary experiences of skill, challenge, control, and engagement during reading. Results show that when students perceive having both high reading skills and high control, they exhibit deeper reading engagement than when they perceive having both low reading skills and low control. These feelings of control were noticeably important for struggling readers as compared to proficient readers. It was also found that students experience deeper reading engagement during flow (i.e., when students perceive they have high reading skills and the reading task is highly challenging), but reading engagement decreases significantly whenever students experience conditions of anxiety or apathy when reading science materials. Finally, reading engagement was positively related to science achievement. Educational implications of the results are presented. Limitations of the study are discussed and suggestions for future research are described.

  15. Factors Related to Students' Engaged Reading in High School Science Classrooms

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ochoa-Angrino, Solanlly

    2012-01-01

    Using emergent motivation theory, this study analyzes the relationships between high school students' perceptions of their reading skills, task challenge, and personal control over assigned reading activities and their reading engagement (i.e., interest, enjoyment, and concentration) during science instruction. The study also examines how…

  16. Effectiveness of Corrective Reading on Reading Comprehension and Fluency in At-Risk Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weaver, Barbara Jean Alexander

    2012-01-01

    One of the greatest predictors and characteristics of a high school dropout has been poor reading skills. Students with low achievement levels in reading by the end of third grade are at greater risk of becoming a dropout. The study sought to determine whether the Corrective Reading Program impacted reading comprehension and fluency skills of…

  17. Who's Reading and Why: Reading Habits of 1st Grade through Graduate Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Camp, Deanne

    2007-01-01

    The habit of reading develops over a period of time. This study explored reading habits across a wide range of students. An open-ended survey of reading habits involved 242 participants from grades 1, 4, 6, 8, 11, undergraduate non-education majors, undergraduate elementary majors, and graduate reading majors. As data were analyzed, themes emerged…

  18. The Effect of the CAREY Program on the Students' Reading Attitude Towards Reading English Materials

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Al-Shawesh, Marwan Yahya; Hussin, Supyan

    2015-01-01

    Reading is one of language learning skills which has a great significance for the role it plays in the second language acquisition (SLA) process. The aim of this paper was to examine the extent to which the CAREY (Computer-Assisted Reading Yemen) program affects the Yemeni EFL students' reading attitude towards reading English materials. To…

  19. Improving Reading Fluency and Comprehension in Elementary Students Using Read Naturally

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arvans, Rebecca

    2009-01-01

    Difficulty learning how to read is a risk factor for school failure, low grades, behavior problems, juvenile delinquency, truancy, unemployment, jail time, and substance abuse. Reading difficulties are common in the educational setting, afflicting anywhere from 20-40 percent of students. Read Naturally is a computer-based reading program which…

  20. Mislabeled Reading and Learning Disabilities: Assessment and Treatment for Reading Difficulties in Students with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sze, Susan

    2009-01-01

    Reading affects a plethora of areas in life. Students with learning disabilities often fall into this category due to a lack of practice with reading and less time to focus on building skills. This paper examines the background, the relationship between reading and learning disabilities, the characteristics of students with learning disabilities…

  1. Instruction, Student Engagement, and Reading Skill Growth in Reading First Classrooms

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Connor, Carol McDonald; Jakobsons, Lara J.; Crowe, Elizabeth C.; Meadows, Jane Granger

    2009-01-01

    This study explored first-, second-, and third-grade reading instruction and students' (n = 1,586) reading skill growth in Florida Reading First (RF) classrooms (n = 95). The goal of RF is to improve students' literacy outcomes through the use of research-based instruction, assessment, teacher training, and program evaluation. Whereas survey data…

  2. Motivation for Reading and Upper Primary School Students' Academic Achievement in Reading in Kenya

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mucherah, Winnie; Herendeen, Abbey

    2013-01-01

    This study examined primary school students' reading motivation and performance on the standardized exam. Participants included 901 seventh and eighth grade students from Kenya. There were 468 females and 433 males. Contrary to previous studies, results showed reading challenge and aesthetics, but not efficacy, predicted reading achievement,…

  3. A Strategy Intervention to Increase the Reading Comprehension of Junior High School Students with Reading Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mothus, Trudy G.; Lapadat, Judith C.

    2006-01-01

    A challenge facing educators is to find ways to arrest and reverse the cumulative deficit in reading experienced by many students with learning disabilities. In this study, we evaluated the effect of a strategy intervention to increase the reading comprehension of eighth grade students with reading disabilities in intact junior high school classes…

  4. Chinese College Students' English Reading Comprehension in Silent and Loud Reading-Mode

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jiang, Yan

    2015-01-01

    In language teaching, emphasis is usually placed on students' reading comprehension, because reading comprehension remains one of the main important factors for their English language learning. Research shows, however, that reading comprehension is a sophisticated process and many students have met difficulties in constructing meaning from writing…

  5. Awareness of Reading Strategy Use of Indian ESL Students and the Relationship with Reading Comprehension Achievement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Madhumathi, P.; Ghosh, Arijit

    2012-01-01

    This paper reports findings from the study that assessed the first year Indian ESL students' awareness of reading strategy use. It also investigated the relationship that exists between reading strategy use and the reading comprehension achievements of the Indian ESL students. The study utilized two instruments such as SORS and RCT which is the…

  6. Too Long to Read: Assessing the Motivation behind Graduate Student Attendance in Reading Groups

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schenk, John J.; Steppan, Scott J.

    2014-01-01

    Graduate-level reading groups serve as a primary forum for students to learn current and complex concepts in their field. Because graduate students lament that reading "abnormally long" articles discourage them from attending particular reading group sessions, we tested the hypothesis that attendance will decrease proportionally with…

  7. Improving the Reading Performance of Fifth-Grade Students through an Afterschool Reading Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Joseph, Rosnel L.

    2012-01-01

    This applied dissertation was designed to evaluate improving the reading performance of fifth-grade students through an afterschool reading program to determine whether it was effective in teaching Native American and English for Speakers of Other Languages (ESOL). This study compared the reading performance of fifth-grade students who struggle…

  8. CORI: Explicit Reading Instruction to Enhance Informational Text Comprehension and Reading Engagement for Thai EFL Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vongkrachang, Salila; Chinwonno, Apasara

    2015-01-01

    The study aimed to examine the effect of explicit reading instruction as an approach to Concept-Oriented Reading Instruction (CORI) framework on EFL students' informational text comprehension and engagement. The explicit reading instruction was implemented with 39 first-year Thai undergraduate students over a 10-week period. It was found that the…

  9. Motivation for Reading and Middle School Students' Performance on Standardized Testing in Reading

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mucherah, Winnie; Yoder, Alyssa

    2008-01-01

    This study examined middle school students' reading motivation and its relations to their performance on a standardized test (ISTEP+) in reading. Participants included 388 sixth- and eighth-grade students from two public middle schools. There were 229 females and 159 males. Participants responded to the Reading Motivation Questionnaire after they…

  10. Two Studies of Reading Compliance among College Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sappington, John; Kinsey, Kimberly; Munsayac, Kirk

    2002-01-01

    College students resist required reading assignments. Likewise, faculty are reluctant to quiz on reading assignments for fear of evoking disapproval. Measurement of reading compliance allows instructors to demonstrate a connection between reading preparation and subsequent success on final exams. The first study suggested that self-reports of…

  11. Student and Teacher Perspectives on a Close Reading Protocol

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fisher, Douglas; Frey, Nancy

    2014-01-01

    Close reading is an instructional practice that has gained attention of late. It involves reading a complex text, annotation, and repeatedly reading to answer text-dependent questions. Although there are a number of recommendations for the use of close reading, there has not been a systematic analysis of student or teacher perceptions of this…

  12. L2 Reading Motivation among Sri Lankan University Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dhanapala, Kusumi Vasantha; Hirakawa, Yukiko

    2016-01-01

    This study investigated the extent of the motivational processes that facilitated the text comprehension among 406 Sri Lankan university students in Sri Lanka. Students' L2 text comprehension and reading motivation were assessed using a reading comprehension test and a reading motivation and attitude questionnaire. The Principal Componential…

  13. Oral Reading Rates of Second-Grade Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wang, Chuang; Algozzine, Bob; Ma, Wen; Porfeli, Erik

    2011-01-01

    The importance of reading fluently is widely recognized in school effectiveness, reform, and improvement efforts of the educational community, yet there are few large-scale, structured assessments of the progression of students' reading rates over time. This study documented 2nd-grade students' oral reading rates on the basis of fall, winter, and…

  14. Response to Intervention with Secondary School Students with Reading Difficulties

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vaughn, Sharon; Fletcher, Jack M.

    2012-01-01

    The authors summarize evidence from a multiyear study with secondary students with reading difficulties on (a) the potential efficacy of primary-level (Tier 1), secondary-level (Tier 2), and tertiary-level (Tier 3) interventions in remediating reading difficulties with middle school students, (b) the likelihood of resolving reading disabilities…

  15. Implementing Guided Reading Strategies with Kindergarten and First Grade Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abbott, Lindsey; Dornbush, Abby; Giddings, Anne; Thomas, Jennifer

    2012-01-01

    In the action research project report, the teacher researchers found that many kindergarten and first-grade students did not have the reading readiness skills to be reading at their benchmark target. The purpose of the project was to improve the students overall reading ability. The dates of the project began on September 8 through December 20,…

  16. Reading Interests of Tenth, Eleventh and Twelfth Grade Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ross, Beth; Simone, Nancy

    The reading interests of 300 tenth, eleventh, and twelfth grade students were surveyed and compared to those revealed in previous research. The results indicated that the amount of time students reported reading outside of school per day has decreased slightly since a 1961 study by P. Witty, with females still reading more than males. As in the…

  17. An Examination of the Effect of Reading Interest and Selected Demographic Factors on Reading Performance among Students in the Middle Grades

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Childs, Kamshia

    2013-01-01

    Much time is spent instilling in young students the importance of reading, and the impact reading has on their being considered "smart." The activities presented to students in primary (Pre-Kindergarten/Kindergarten) classrooms through third grade are engaging and cooperative, and they provide a sense of accomplishment for students who…

  18. Male Student Perceptions of Reflective Practice in Online College English Reading Courses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schumacher, Alexa J.

    2013-01-01

    Researchers have confirmed that male students at all academic levels often struggle while engaging in self-reflection, reading, and writing activities for reasons such as incompatible pedagogical strategy, poor choice of reading materials, and lack of belief in success for students. In conjunction with the growing popularity of online learning, an…

  19. The Reading Response E-Journal: An Alternative Way to Engage Low-Achieving EFL Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, Hsiao-Chien

    2013-01-01

    The reading response journal has been valued as an effective tool for involving students in authentic reading and writing activities. As the internet has become an essential medium in today's English classroom, it is advisable to integrate both the web and the journal when approaching our EFL students. In order to motivate and engage my…

  20. Print exposure, reading habits, and reading achievement among deaf and hearing college students.

    PubMed

    Marschark, Marc; Sarchet, Thomastine; Convertino, Carol M; Borgna, Georgianna; Morrison, Carolyn; Remelt, Sarah

    2012-01-01

    This study explored relations of print exposure, academic achievement, and reading habits among 100 deaf and 100 hearing college students. As in earlier studies, recognition tests for book titles and magazine titles were used as measures of print exposure, college entrance test scores were used as measures of academic achievement, and students provided self-reports of reading habits. Deaf students recognized fewer magazine titles and fewer book titles appropriate for reading levels from kindergarten through Grade 12 while reporting more weekly hours of reading. As in previous studies with hearing college students, the title recognition test proved a better predictor of deaf and hearing students' English achievement than how many hours they reported reading. The finding that the recognition tests were relatively more potent predictors of achievement for deaf students than hearing students may reflect the fact that deaf students often obtain less information through incidental learning and classroom presentations. PMID:22025672

  1. A Reading Paradigm to Meet the Needs of All Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bonds, Charles W.; Sida, Don

    1993-01-01

    Describes a reading model that suggests seven components essential for meeting the reading instructional needs of all students in a school. Notes that the model provides differentiated instruction for below-average, average, and above-average readers. (SR)

  2. The Impact of Reading Recovery on the Reading Achievement of First Grade Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Case, Marguerite

    2015-01-01

    There are so many different intervention programs for educators to use to increase the reading achievement of below grade level students, that it can often be difficult to choose the appropriate one for the students. Most programs are scripted and are used with small groups of students. Reading Recovery is not a scripted program and is taught in a…

  3. A Study on the Development of Reading Skills of the Students Having Difficulty in Reading: Enrichment Reading Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Akyol, Hayati; Çakiroglu, Ahmet; Kuruyer, Hayriye Gül

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this study is to improve the reading skills of the students having difficulty in reading through an enrichment reading program. The current study was conducted by means of one-subject research technique and between-subjects multiple-baseline levels model belonging to this technique. The study was carried out with three participants from…

  4. Teachers' Concepts of Reading, Reading Concepts Communicated during Instruction, and Students' Concepts of Reading. Research Series No. 190.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Book, Cassandra; And Others

    As part of the Teacher Explanation Project (TEP), a study examined the relationships among third-grade teachers' concepts of reading, the concepts of reading they communicated during instruction to low-level readers, and the students' concepts of reading. Subjects, 20 third-grade teachers, participated in the yearlong TEP study conducted in an…

  5. L2 Reading in Thailand: Vocational College Students' Application of Reading Strategies to Their Reading of English Texts

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kasemsap, Bharani; Lee, Hugo Yu-Hsiu

    2015-01-01

    This study aims to explore the application of reading strategies to the reading of English texts by Thai vocational college students. Data were collected via questionnaire surveys, think-aloud experiments and semi-structured interviews. The research results reveal different typologies of reading strategies adopted by lower and higher level English…

  6. Secondary School Students' Reading Anxiety in a Second Language

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ismail, Sadiq Abdulwahed Ahmed

    2015-01-01

    Developing an appropriate competence in reading in English as a second language is a key factor for subsequent academic success. This study investigated second language reading anxiety of secondary school students. A questionnaire was distributed to 72 female students and focus-group interviews were conducted with 19 volunteer students. Overall…

  7. Project Magnify: Increasing Reading Skills in Students with Low Vision

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Farmer, Jeanie; Morse, Stephen E.

    2007-01-01

    Modeled after Project PAVE (Corn et al., 2003) in Tennessee, Project Magnify is designed to test the idea that students with low vision who use individually prescribed magnification devices for reading will perform as well as or better than students with low vision who use large-print reading materials. Sixteen students with low vision were…

  8. An Assessment of Reading Compliance Decisions among Undergraduate Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sharma, Amit; Van Hoof, Bert; Pursel, Barton

    2013-01-01

    Research suggests that reading compliance among undergraduate students is low. This study assesses the factors that influence students' decisions to comply with their assigned course readings using two theoretical underpinnings: students' self-rationing ability of time and construal effects on their decision process. Data collected…

  9. Reading in Tertiary Education: Undergraduate Student Practices and Attitudes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pecorari, Diane; Shaw, Philip; Irvine, Aileen; Malmstrom, Hans; Mezek, Spela

    2012-01-01

    This paper reports the findings of a study of undergraduate student use of, and attitudes toward, textbooks and other assigned reading. More than 1200 students of various subjects at three Swedish universities were surveyed. Most students said reading played an important role in learning generally and attributed positive characteristics to their…

  10. Improving Reading Skills of Fourth Grade Students through a Literature Based Reading Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oppelt, Shirley

    A practicum developed and implemented an integrated reading program to raise reading vocabulary and comprehension scores and reading attitudes in a fourth-grade classroom. A classroom of 23 students was used to implement the program. A standard diagnostic test was used to record pre- and post-test scores in vocabulary and comprehension, and a…

  11. A Comparison of Two Reading Programs on the Reading Outcomes of First-Grade Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tobin, Kevin G.; Calhoon, Mary Beth

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to compare the effect of two theoretically different reading programs on the reading outcomes of first-grade students (N = 107). Two elementary schools were chosen for participation based on the first-grade reading program currently being implemented in the schools. One school used the "Horizons Fast Track A-B"…

  12. Learning to Love Reading: A Self-Study on Fostering Students' Reading Motivation in Small Groups

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, Rosa

    2015-01-01

    This study explores the relationship between small, differentiated reading groups and fourth-grade students' reading motivation. Using self-study methodology, the author examined her own process of implementing these reading groups through two cycles of action research. Data were analyzed from two different administrations of the Motivations for…

  13. Comparison of Repeated Reading and Question Generation on Students' Reading Fluency and Comprehension

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Therrien, William J.; Hughes, Charles

    2008-01-01

    This study was conducted to ascertain if repeated reading or question generation was more effective at improving reading fluency and comprehension of fourth- through sixth-grade students with learning disabilities or reading problems. Adult tutors trained by the investigator conducted the interventions. Instructional components and training within…

  14. The Use of a Reading Intervention Program with Students at Risk of Reading Failure

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Browning, Angela Dixon

    2010-01-01

    A gap remains in the literature addressing reading intervention programs that have been successful for students identified as at risk of reading failure in grades kindergarten through second. The purpose of this qualitative case study was to explore how the Scott Foresman Early Reading Intervention Program supported the improvement of literacy…

  15. The Effect of Cooperative Integrated Reading and Composition Technique on Students' Reading Descriptive Text Achievement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zainuddin

    2015-01-01

    This study was aimed at finding out the effectiveness of applying Cooperative Integrated Reading and Composition (CIRC) Technique on Students' Reading Descriptive Text Achievement. In other words, the objective of this study was to find out if there was a significant effect of applying Cooperative Integrated Reading and Composition (CIRC)…

  16. Literacy Teachers How the Physical Education Teachers/Coaches Can Help You Encourage Students to Read

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Richardson, Maurine; Richardson, James; Sacks, Mary Kathleen

    2011-01-01

    When motivating students to read so often the literacy teacher will ask for assistance from the language arts, social studies, mathematics, and science teachers to develop literacy and content specific activities. It is important to consider other teachers in the school that are often not asked to participate in reading activities. The physical…

  17. Student Involvement in an EST Reading Course for Remedial Students: A Case Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    St. Louis, Rubena; Pereira, Silvia

    2003-01-01

    Discusses an English for science and technology course at Simon Bolivar University in Venezuela in which students were allowed to choose reading activities and alternative forms of assessment were implemented. Results of a questionnaire used to evaluate the course are provided. (Author/VWL)

  18. Academic Responding During Instruction and Reading Outcomes for Kindergarten Students At-risk for Reading Difficulties

    PubMed Central

    Wanzek, Jeanne; Roberts, Greg; Al Otaiba, Stephanie

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the academic responding of students at-risk for reading difficulties in beginning reading instruction. Opportunities for kindergarten students at-risk for reading difficulties to respond academically during teacher-facilitated reading instruction in the general education classroom were examined in relation to student reading achievement as well as social behaviors. Student academic responding during teacher-facilitated instruction significantly predicted end of year reading achievement. Teacher perceptions of students’ social skills (positive correlation) and problem behaviors (negative correlation) were significantly correlated with academic responding. When academic responding and teacher perceptions of social behaviors were examined together, only teacher perceptions of academic competence and problem behaviors predicted spring outcomes. PMID:24665162

  19. Reading First: Student Achievement, Teacher Empowerment, National Success

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    US Department of Education, 2008

    2008-01-01

    This publication highlights the Reading First program as the academic cornerstone of the No Child Left Behind Act, and cites state achievement data indicating that Reading First students from nearly every grade and subgroup have made gains in reading proficiency. Restoration of full funding for the program has been requested for Fiscal Year 2009.

  20. Improving Middle School Students' Science Literacy through Reading Infusion

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fang, Zhihui; Wei, Youhua

    2010-01-01

    Despite recent calls for border crossing between reading and science, few studies have examined the impact of reading infusion in the science curriculum on students' science literacy. In this quasi-experimental study, the authors investigated the effects of an inquiry-based science curriculum that integrated explicit reading strategy instruction…

  1. Getting Students to Read: New Materials and Methods.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Matthews, Dorothy, Ed.

    1987-01-01

    Focusing on young adult reading and instruction, this issue addresses teachers' concerns about recommended recent authors and books, integrating independent reading into the reading program, and student motivation. The titles of the articles and their authors are as follows: (1) "Some YA Authors Worth Knowing, and a Few Books, Too" (Ken Donelson);…

  2. Decisions, Decisions: Responding to Primary Students during Guided Reading

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schwartz, Robert M.

    2005-01-01

    Guided reading lessons are a powerful context for beginning reading instruction, particularly for children who struggle with initial literacy learning. Providing immediate responses to students' oral reading of partially familiar texts requires teachers to make complex and highly skilled decisions. This decision process is based on knowledge of…

  3. The Professional Reading Habits of Teachers: Implications for Student Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rudland, Neale; Kemp, Coral

    2004-01-01

    This paper investigates the literature pertaining to the professional reading habits of teachers. Particular attention is given to those teachers working with students with special education needs. The value of professional reading is considered along with the quantity of professional reading of teachers from Australia and overseas, the types of…

  4. Improving Reading Attitudes of Adult Native Indian Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McEachern, William Ross

    1984-01-01

    Describes an effort to improve reading attitudes of Native student teachers during field center participation in the University of British Columbia's Native Indian Teacher Education Program through a developmental reading course requiring a daily 20-30 minute uninterrupted, sustained silent reading period. Evaluation shows significant positive…

  5. Students' Reading Interests--A Report of a Connecticut Survey.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gallo, Donald R.

    A questionnaire was sent to a number of elementary and secondary school English and reading teachers in Connecticut, asking them to survey one or two different classes to determine their students' reading interests. Questions dealt with such topics as favorite type of book, favorite books, more recently read title, favorite authors, sources of…

  6. An Examination of a Relationship between Reading Attitudes and Reading Achievement for a Group of Sixth Grade Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ward, Susan Lynette

    2013-01-01

    The importance of reading proficiency is unquestioned. Although the nation has set a goal for all students to be proficient in reading, many of the nation's students are not proficient readers. The vast majority of research examining reading proficiency and reading achievement has concentrated on the cognitive aspects of reading and the use…

  7. I Can Read! Reading Strategies That Work for Students at Risk.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Angell, Christa

    This action research project highlights the implementation of reading strategies that work for at-risk primary students. The targeted population consists of first grade students located in a suburban at-risk school. The dilemma of how to best teach children to read who are at risk for academic failure upon entering school has been documented…

  8. Evaluating the Effectiveness of READ 180: A Reading Program for Struggling Middle School Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Latonya R.

    2011-01-01

    This study was conducted using a qualitative approach to evaluate the effectiveness of READ 180 Program in improving students reading interests and achievement at West Bolivar Middle School (WBMS). A number of interviews and observations were conducted. Two teachers and nine students were interviewed, and nine classroom observations were…

  9. Relationship of Oral Reading Fluency Probes on Students' Reading Achievement Test Scores

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Devena, Sarah

    2013-01-01

    Current emphasis on adequate academic progress monitored by standardized assessments has increased focus on student acquisition of required skills. Reading ability can be assessed through student achievement on Oral Reading Fluency (ORF) measures. This study investigated the effectiveness of using ORF measures to predict achievement on high stakes…

  10. Using Reading Circles Strategy for Developing Preparatory Students' Critical Reading Skills and Social Skills

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abdelrasoul, Mohamed Mahmoud Ibrahim

    2014-01-01

    The present study aimed at developing the necessary critical reading skills and social skills of the Egyptian EFL second year preparatory school students, through a proposed program based on using reading circles strategy. The study participants were 44 students from Sohag Experimental Preparatory School in Sohag Governorate. Instruments of the…

  11. Language-Related Values, Reading Amount, and Reading Comprehension in Students with Migration Backgrounds

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    El-Khechen, Wahiba; Ferdinand, Hanna D.; Steinmayr, Ricarda; McElvany, Nele

    2016-01-01

    Background: Although various studies on general language performance have investigated determinants of students' reading comprehension (e.g., reading amount), they have paid insufficient attention to how students perceive parental values influence their language-related values and behaviour--and, as a consequence, their performance. This is…

  12. Academic English Reading for International College Students: The Role of Metacognitive Reading Strategies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Iwai, Yuko; Filce, Hollie; Ramp, Ellen

    2011-01-01

    In this study, the authors examined the impact of metacognitive reading strategies on international college students' academic success by correcting the Survey of Reading Strategies (SORS) instrument with (a) grade point averages (GPAs) and (b) the English language proficiency levels, categorized by beginning (students at the English Language…

  13. Within-Year Changes in Chinese Secondary School Students' Perceived Reading Instruction and Intrinsic Reading Motivation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lau, Kit-ling

    2016-01-01

    This study aimed to expand on existing research about motivational change by investigating within-year changes of adolescents' intrinsic reading motivation and perceived reading instruction among students from different grades and achievement levels. Six hundred and ninety five students from 10 secondary schools in Hong Kong voluntarily completed…

  14. Teaching Students with Moderate Intellectual Disabilities to Read: An Experimental Examination of a Comprehensive Reading Intervention

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Allor, Jill H.; Mathes, Patricia G.; Roberts, J. Kyle; Jones, Francesca G.; Champlin, Tammi M.

    2010-01-01

    The primary purpose of our research was to determine if a comprehensive, phonics-based, direct instruction reading program would be effective in teaching early reading and language skills to students with moderate intellectual disabilities (ID). Participants were 28 elementary students from 10 public schools in an urban school district and one…

  15. Item-Level Effects of the Read-Aloud Accommodation for Students with Reading Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bolt, Sara E.; Thurlow, Martha L.

    2007-01-01

    Research support for providing a read-aloud accommodation (i.e., having an individual read test items and directions aloud) to students with disabilities has been somewhat limited, particularly when merely examining effects of the accommodation on overall test scores for general groups of students with disabilities. We examined data on…

  16. The Relationship between Reading Fluency and Reading Comprehension in Fifth-Grade Turkish Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yildiz, Mustafa; Yildirim, Kasim; Ates, Seyit; Rasinski, Timothy; Fitzgerald, Shawn; Zimmerman, Belinda

    2014-01-01

    This research study focused on the relationships among the various components of reading fluency components (word recognition accuracy, automaticity, and prosody), as well as their relationships with reading comprehension among fifth-grade students in Turkey. A total of 119 fifth-grade elementary school students participated in the study. The…

  17. Incentives: The Effects on Reading Attitude and Reading Behaviors of Third-Grade Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stanfield, Gayle M.

    2006-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate whether third grade literacy students who receive incentive rewards as part of their instruction will exhibit significantly higher reading habits and attitudes toward recreational reading than they did before the incentives were introduced. The study examined 19 third grade students with fairly high…

  18. Response to intervention with secondary school students with reading difficulties.

    PubMed

    Vaughn, Sharon; Fletcher, Jack M

    2012-01-01

    The authors summarize evidence from a multiyear study with secondary students with reading difficulties on (a) the potential efficacy of primary-level (Tier 1), secondary-level (Tier 2), and tertiary-level (Tier 3) interventions in remediating reading difficulties with middle school students, (b) the likelihood of resolving reading disabilities with older students with intractable reading disabilities, (c) the reliability, validity, and use of screening and progress monitoring measures with middle school students, and (d) the implications of implementing response to intervention (RTI) practices at the middle school level. The authors provide guidance about prevailing questions about remediating reading difficulties with secondary students and discuss future directions for research using RTI frameworks for students at the secondary level. PMID:22491811

  19. Response to Intervention With Secondary School Students With Reading Difficulties

    PubMed Central

    Vaughn, Sharon; Fletcher, Jack M.

    2012-01-01

    The authors summarize evidence from a multiyear study with secondary students with reading difficulties on (a) the potential efficacy of primary-level (Tier 1), secondary-level (Tier 2), and tertiary-level (Tier 3) interventions in remediating reading difficulties with middle school students, (b) the likelihood of resolving reading disabilities with older students with intractable reading disabilities, (c) the reliability, validity, and use of screening and progress monitoring measures with middle school students, and (d) the implications of implementing response to intervention (RTI) practices at the middle school level. The authors provide guidance about prevailing questions about remediating reading difficulties with secondary students and discuss future directions for research using RTI frameworks for students at the secondary level. PMID:22491811

  20. Email Partnerships: Conversations that Changed the Way My Students Read

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Borsheim, Carlin

    2004-01-01

    Through email partnerships or email exchanges with university, students increase confidence in reading and discussing literature. The act of composing email messages helps the student to articulate their thoughts.

  1. Reading Readiness Guidelines and Workshop Activities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    South Dakota State Div. of Elementary and Secondary Education, Pierre.

    Based on the concept that readiness for reading is brought about by the nurturing of a child's physical, social, emotional, and intellectual growth, this guidebook presents reading readiness guidelines and carefully planned workshop activities designed to provide a classroom climate conducive to discovery and language development. The first…

  2. Books Alive: Reading Incentive Programs for High School Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moyer, Mary

    2007-01-01

    Not only are the hills alive with the sound of music, but the school library media center at Delsea Regional High School in Franklinville, New Jersey, is alive with the sound of reading. The media center has become a hub of reading, because the school library media specialist has made the promotion of reading and reading-incentive activities an…

  3. Reading Growth of Students with Disabilities in the Context of a Large-Scale Statewide Reading Reform Effort

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sanford, Amanda Kathleen; Park, Yonghan; Baker, Scott K.

    2013-01-01

    The reading growth of 1,422 second- and third-grade students in special education was examined in the context of schools with 1 and 3 years of experience with Oregon Reading First. Findings suggested that (a) experience with Reading First was associated with greater student reading growth regardless of special education status, (b) students in…

  4. Inside the Reading Class of a Student Diagnosed with Autism: An Investigation into Reading Instructional Practices

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Densen, Laurie Ann Volpe

    2010-01-01

    As educational reform looks at students achieving national standards in reading, much of the educational research that has been conducted has been on students in general education settings. Most research conducted on special education students typically does not focus on students classified with autism, and what research is done on these students…

  5. Investigation of Students' Reading Anxiety with Regards to Some Variables

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kilinc, Hasan Huseyin; Yenen, Emin Tamer

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this study is to determine students' views on reading anxiety with regards to variables of gender and grade levels of the students and socio-economic level of the schools. To this end, Melanlioglu's (2014) "Reading Anxiety Scale", a 5 point likert scale consisting of 14 questions, was used. The scale consists of following…

  6. Increasing Reading Ability among First and Third Grade Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Commare, Colleen C.; Sedlack, Sarah E.

    The purpose of this study was designed to increase the reading abilities of students in the targeted first and third grade classes in two elementary schools located in the Midwest. The study involved an action research project highlighting the overall growth of the students' academic achievement through increased reading growth. The study was…

  7. Understanding Student Attitudes toward Bible Reading: A Philippine Experience

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baring, Rito V.

    2008-01-01

    Reflecting from the Philippine experience, this article explores an emerging picture that characterizes contemporary Bible reading attitudes of college students. Six new attitude factor definitions are developed following the development of the Bible Reading (BR) attitude scale for college students constructed by this author in a separate study.…

  8. Background Knowledge and the Magazine Reading Students Choose

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gabriel, Rachael; Allington, Richard; Billen, Monica

    2012-01-01

    Can students read difficult but self-selected texts--and if so, how? In this article we describe what we learned about middle school students' use of background knowledge and specific vocabulary from interviews and surveys in our longitudinal study of magazine reading habits. Then we discuss the implications of these findings for structuring…

  9. Adjusting Lecture Style to Accommodate Student Reading Habits

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Socash, Richard R.

    2007-01-01

    The reasons behind the reading habits of undergraduate MIS students were examined to learn from the students' point of view why many don't read the textbook. Willingness to work hard on homework and project assignments and an appreciation of what is expected of them appears to be in place. However, carrots, sticks, ruses and requests all meet with…

  10. Motivating Readers: Helping Students Set and Attain Personal Reading Goals

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cabral-Márquez, Consuelo

    2015-01-01

    The motivational, cognitive, and performance benefits associated with setting goals are presented in light of goal-setting theory. These theoretical principles provide a framework that teachers can use to guide students in setting and pursuing personal reading goals that are proximal, specific, and compatible with students' reading abilities…

  11. Effects of Differentiated Instruction on Student Achievement in Reading

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gilbert, Darryl L.

    2011-01-01

    Reading teachers are faced with the challenge of providing instruction to a population of diverse students with various abilities and styles of learning within local and state school districts. In an effort to improve student performance on high-stake examinations in reading, teachers continue to seek the most effective instructional strategies.…

  12. What Students Can Do When the Reading Gets Rough

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cummins, Sunday

    2013-01-01

    Frequently, when assigned to read, intermediate and middle grade students engage in a mindless encounter with the text. Or, try as they may to focus and gather information, they're mostly confused and not sure how to repair the breakdown in their meaning-making. With the new focus on close reading--and on engaging students with more rigorous…

  13. Teaching Reading for Students with Intellectual Disabilities: A Systematic Review

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alnahdi, Ghaleb Hamad

    2015-01-01

    A systematic review of the literature related to instructional strategies to improve reading skills for students with intellectual disabilities was conducted. Studies reviewed were within three categories; early reading approaches, comprehensive approaches, and one method approach. It was concluded that students with intellectual disabilities are…

  14. Observing Reading Instruction for Students with Learning Disabilities: A Synthesis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Swanson, Elizabeth A.

    2008-01-01

    This article synthesizes previous research studies examining reading instruction for students with learning disabilities (LD) through classroom observation methods. An extensive search of the research literature between 1980 and 2005 yielded 21 observation studies. Findings revealed that reading instruction for students with LD is generally of low…

  15. Efficacy of Collaborative Strategic Reading with Middle School Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vaughn, Sharon; Klingner, Janette K.; Swanson, Elizabeth A.; Boardman, Alison G.; Roberts, Greg; Mohammed, Sarojani S.; Stillman-Spisak, Stephanie J.

    2011-01-01

    The authors conducted an experimental study to examine the effects of collaborative strategic reading and metacognitive strategic learning on the reading comprehension of students in seventh- and eighth-grade English/language arts classes in two sites (Texas, Colorado) and in three school districts. Students were randomly assigned to classes and…

  16. Describing Comprehension: Teachers' Observations of Students' Reading Comprehension

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vander Does, Susan Lubow

    2012-01-01

    Teachers' observations of student performance in reading are abundant and insightful but often remain internal and unarticulated. As a result, such observations are an underutilized and undervalued source of data. Given the gaps in knowledge about students' reading comprehension that exist in formal assessments, the frequent calls for teachers'…

  17. Analytic and Pragmatic Factors in College Students' Metacognitive Reading Strategies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Taraban, Roman; Kerr, Marcel; Rynearson, Kimberly

    2004-01-01

    The present study describes the development and validation of a self-report instrument that is designed to measure college students' use of reading strategies for comprehension and for studying while reading school-related materials. Principal components analysis (PCA) of an initial sample (n = 575) of college students showed that the…

  18. Illuminating Texts: How To Teach Students To Read the World.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burke, Jim

    Today's students face a barrage of competing texts in many different forms and media, and it is now up to teachers to help students determine not only "what" should be read but "how" it should be read. This book addresses this issue. The book explores the idea of "textual intelligence"; offers both practical and theoretical information on teaching…

  19. Does IQ affect the functional brain network involved in pseudoword reading in students with reading disability? A magnetoencephalography study.

    PubMed

    Simos, Panagiotis G; Rezaie, Roozbeh; Papanicolaou, Andrew C; Fletcher, Jack M

    2014-01-01

    The study examined whether individual differences in performance and verbal IQ affect the profiles of reading-related regional brain activation in 127 students experiencing reading difficulties and typical readers. Using magnetoencephalography in a pseudoword read-aloud task, we compared brain activation profiles of students experiencing word-level reading difficulties who did (n = 29) or did not (n = 36) meet the IQ-reading achievement discrepancy criterion. Typical readers assigned to a lower-IQ (n = 18) or a higher IQ (n = 44) subgroup served as controls. Minimum norm estimates of regional cortical activity revealed that the degree of hypoactivation in the left superior temporal and supramarginal gyri in both RD subgroups was not affected by IQ. Moreover, IQ did not moderate the positive association between degree of activation in the left fusiform gyrus and phonological decoding ability. We did find, however, that the hypoactivation of the left pars opercularis in RD was restricted to lower-IQ participants. In accordance with previous morphometric and fMRI studies, degree of activity in inferior frontal, and inferior parietal regions correlated with IQ across reading ability subgroups. Results are consistent with current views questioning the relevance of IQ-discrepancy criteria in the diagnosis of dyslexia. PMID:24409136

  20. Does IQ affect the functional brain network involved in pseudoword reading in students with reading disability? A magnetoencephalography study

    PubMed Central

    Simos, Panagiotis G.; Rezaie, Roozbeh; Papanicolaou, Andrew C.; Fletcher, Jack M.

    2014-01-01

    The study examined whether individual differences in performance and verbal IQ affect the profiles of reading-related regional brain activation in 127 students experiencing reading difficulties and typical readers. Using magnetoencephalography in a pseudoword read-aloud task, we compared brain activation profiles of students experiencing word-level reading difficulties who did (n = 29) or did not (n = 36) meet the IQ-reading achievement discrepancy criterion. Typical readers assigned to a lower-IQ (n = 18) or a higher IQ (n = 44) subgroup served as controls. Minimum norm estimates of regional cortical activity revealed that the degree of hypoactivation in the left superior temporal and supramarginal gyri in both RD subgroups was not affected by IQ. Moreover, IQ did not moderate the positive association between degree of activation in the left fusiform gyrus and phonological decoding ability. We did find, however, that the hypoactivation of the left pars opercularis in RD was restricted to lower-IQ participants. In accordance with previous morphometric and fMRI studies, degree of activity in inferior frontal, and inferior parietal regions correlated with IQ across reading ability subgroups. Results are consistent with current views questioning the relevance of IQ-discrepancy criteria in the diagnosis of dyslexia. PMID:24409136

  1. Teaching Students to Recognize and Manipulate Structures of Cohesion. College Reading and Learning Assistance Technical Report 85-04.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brozo, William G.

    Methods for teaching students to recognize and manipulate structures of cohesion in reading materials are discussed. Teaching students to connect text involves a strategy that combines reading and writing in student- and teacher-directed activities. An example illustrates how the strategy can be applied with specific course content, a ninth-grade…

  2. Reading Interests of Middle School Students and Reading Preferences by Gender of Middle School Students in a Southeastern State.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Higginbotham, Shelly

    A survey was conducted to examine the reading interests of middle school students. Subjects were sixth, seventh, and eighth grade students in a metropolitan, public middle school located in a southeastern state. It was hypothesized that the data would reveal statistically significant categories of reading interest, and would reveal significant…

  3. Using Student Performance during a Reading Intervention to Predict Student Outcomes and Performance on Accountability Measures of Reading

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Parson, Lorien

    2012-01-01

    An existing data set for a sample of 3rd grade students was used to determine the relationship between performance during a reading intervention and short-term achievement test outcomes, and long-term risk status. Students participated in a reading intervention, one-on-one practice with a trained adult, during which weekly curriculum based…

  4. The Effect of the Juvenile Fiction on the Reading Skills of Junior High School Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Turkyilmaz, Mustafa

    2013-01-01

    The main purpose of this study is to define the effect of the juvenile fiction on secondary school students' reading skills. In the study; 6th grade students', reading juvenile fiction, attitudes to reading, reading speed, comprehension ability of what's read are examined. The group of students reading juvenile fiction is compared…

  5. The Effects of Sustained Silent Reading on Reading Achievement and Reading Attitudes of Fourth Grade Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gray, Holly Lynn

    2012-01-01

    This study tested the effects of a Sustained Silent Reading program on reading achievement and reading attitude. The study accessed scores from the DIBELS Oral Reading Fluency (Good, Kaminski, & Dill, 2007) to measure reading achievement. This measure was given before and after a twelve week period, during which the treatment group…

  6. The Effects of the Paraphrasing Strategy on the Reading Comprehension of Young Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hagaman, Jessica L.; Casey, Kathryn J.; Reid, Robert

    2012-01-01

    Reading comprehension is an important component of academic success and a skill required for many activities in school. However, little is known about effective reading comprehension interventions for younger students. This study investigated the effects of the paraphrasing strategy taught using the self-regulated strategy development model.…

  7. Reading Journal Articles for Comprehension Using Key Sentences: An Exercise for the Novice Research Student

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bennett, Nicole S.; Taubman, Brett F.

    2013-01-01

    We have incorporated an active-learning assignment, Reading Papers Using Key Sentences, in an upper-level Introduction to Chemical Research course. Although key sentences are typically used to help authors write with clarity and organization, we have found that this assignment helps students improve upon and practice reading journal articles for…

  8. High School Students with Reading Comprehension Difficulties: Results of a Randomized Control Trial of a Two-Year Reading Intervention

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vaughn, Sharon; Roberts, Greg; Wexler, Jade; Vaughn, Michael G.; Fall, Anna-Mária; Schnakenberg, Jennifer B.

    2015-01-01

    A 2-year, randomized control trial with 9th to 10th grade students with significant reading problems was provided for 50 minutes a day in small groups. Comparison students were provided an elective class and treatment students the reading intervention. Students were identified as demonstrating reading difficulties through failure on their state…

  9. Reading Guidelines--Helping Students Understand.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Armstrong, Diane P.; And Others

    1988-01-01

    Reports on the effective use of hierarchcial and nonhierarchical reading guides with John Steinbeck's "Grapes of Wrath." Indicates reading guides improve comprehension, provide transferable skills, and create positive feelings about learning. (NH)

  10. Extensive Reading: Students' Performance and Perception

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fernandez de Morgado, Nelly

    2009-01-01

    Reading is thought to be a crucial skill in the EFL learning process, and Extensive Reading a very useful strategy. However, very few teachers implement it on a regular basis. The process of introducing Extensive Reading (ER) is considered far too expensive, complicated, and time-consuming. One way to encourage its use would be to more deeply…

  11. Academic Tasks to Identify Students with Reading Disability in Malayalam among Upper Primary Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gafoor, K. Abdul; Remia, K. R.

    2013-01-01

    This study is to identify tasks which can be used to spot students with Reading Disability in Malayalam among Upper Primary students. It used secondary data collected from students of Kerala. Students were categorized as dyslexic and low achievers based on their performance in reading, writing and arithmetic tests. Data on performance of normal…

  12. The use of music to enhance reading skills of second grade students and students with reading disabilities.

    PubMed

    Register, Dena; Darrow, Alice-Ann; Standley, Jayne; Swedberg, Olivia

    2007-01-01

    The purpose of the present study was to determine the efficacy of using music as a remedial strategy to enhance the reading skills of second-grade students and students who have been identified as having a specific learning disability (SLD) in reading. First, an intensive short-term music curriculum was designed to target reading comprehension and vocabulary skills at the second grade level. The curriculum was then implemented in classrooms at two public schools in the Southeast. Reading skills were evaluated pre and post curriculum intervention via the vocabulary and reading comprehension subtests of the Gates-MacGinitie Reading Test for second grade. Analysis of pre/posttest data revealed that students with a specific disability in reading improved significantly from pre to post on all three subtests: word decoding (p = .04), word knowledge (p = .01), reading comprehension (p = .01), and test total (p = .01). Paired t-tests revealed that for 2nd grade students, both treatment and control classes improved significantly from pre to post on the subtests word decoding, word knowledge, and test total. While both classes made gains from pre to post on the subtest, reading comprehension, neither improved significantly. Analysis of Covariance revealed that the treatment class made greater gains pre to post than the control class on all 3 subtests (Including reading comprehension), and significantly greater gains on the subtest, word knowledge (p = .01). PMID:17419662

  13. "I Want to Read": How Culturally Relevant Texts Increase Student Engagement in Reading

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Feger, Mary-Virginia

    2006-01-01

    Spanish was the first language of the majority of the author's 9th and 10th grade students who came from the Caribbean and Central and South America. Parents often worked late hours, and many students were employed, or had family responsibilities after school. Based on the realities of their lives, her students' engagement in reading was…

  14. The Effects of a Summer Reading Program on Students' Oral Reading Fluency

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dredge, Stephanie

    2014-01-01

    Students' reading skills are closely linked to academic success; however, several students fall behind, especially during the summer months when no academic expectations are present. The summer months are also a time when the achievement gap increases between students from lower income and middle to upper income households. Researchers…

  15. Extensive Reading Interventions for Students with Reading Difficulties after Grade 3

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wanzek, Jeanne; Vaughn, Sharon; Scammacca, Nancy K.; Metz, Kristina; Murray, Christy S.; Roberts, Greg; Danielson, Louis

    2013-01-01

    This synthesis extends a report of research on extensive interventions in kindergarten through third grade (Wanzek & Vaughn, 2007) to students in Grades 4 through 12, recognizing that many of the same questions about the effectiveness of reading interventions with younger students are important to address with older students, including (a) how…

  16. A Comparison of Reading Rates, Comprehension, and Stamina in Oral and Silent Reading of Fourth-Grade Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Trainin, Guy; Hiebert, Elfrieda H.; Wilson, Kathleen M.

    2015-01-01

    This study examined the relationships between silent and oral reading fluency and comprehension. Findings indicated that fourth grade students had consistent levels of comprehension in both reading modes. Students of all reading levels showed a similar pattern across the segments of a text set in both oral and silent reading--a gradual increase in…

  17. Short-Term Effects of Balanced Reading Implementation on Reading Achievement and Attitudes among Elementary School-Aged Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Diamond, Pollyann J.; Onwuegbuzie, Anthony J.

    A 4-Block Balanced Reading Program was implemented in a school system in Georgia during the 1998-99 school year in an effort to improve reading achievement of these students. This study examined the short-term effect of this program implementation on reading achievement and attitudes toward reading of students in Grades 1 through 5 (n=2,127) who…

  18. Students' Self-Perception of Reading Ability, Enjoyment of Reading and Reading Achievement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Jeffrey K.; Smith, Lisa F.; Gilmore, Alison; Jameson, Madgerie

    2012-01-01

    Using data from New Zealand's National Education Monitoring Project, a light sampling, low stakes performance based national school assessment program, reading self-efficacy, reading enjoyment, and reading achievement were examined in samples of 8 and 12 year old children. Sample sizes were n = 480 for each group. While reading achievement…

  19. Brain-Based Reading Model for Students Who Struggle with Reading

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cowan, Wanda

    2009-01-01

    Despite educational reforms to increase standards, many American children fail to read at levels that will enable them to compete in higher education and in the global economy. Standardized testing has reported a gradual decline in the reading scores of local second grade elementary students. The purpose of this project study was to create a…

  20. Implementing Strategies in Content Area Reading for Increasing Reading Comprehension of Fifth Grade Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cibula, June Clarke

    A practicum was conducted to improve reading comprehension in classroom performance with the basal reading series and on norm-referenced tests. Subjects included a fifth-grade class of 28 students who were paired with another fifth-grade class as peer teachers. New skills were taught and practiced with the target population early in the week. On…

  1. The Impact of Direct Reading Instructional Strategies on Reading Achievement in 8th Grade Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rider, Lynne Marie

    2010-01-01

    According to the National Assessment of Educational Progress, about 60% of students cannot read proficiently at their current grade level. Findings from the National Reading Panel (NRP) indicate that there is not sufficient research on the topic of struggling middle school readers. The purpose of this quantitative study was to examine the impact…

  2. The Effects of Family Cultural Capital and Reading Motivation on Reading Behaviour in Elementary School Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chiu, Shao-I; Hong, Fu-Yuan; Hu, Hsiu-yuan

    2015-01-01

    This study proposed and tested a structural model of the effects of family cultural capital and reading motivation on reading behaviour in elementary school students. Participants were 467 fifth and sixth graders from elementary schools in Changhua County, Taiwan. The instruments employed in this study included the Family Cultural Capital Scale,…

  3. The Impact of a Reading Initiative on Students' Early Reading Development K-3: A Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tracey, Iline P.

    2009-01-01

    This research explored the relationship of the Reading First Initiative (RFI) in terms of its impact on students' early reading development K-3 and teachers' delivery of instruction. Extant test data were used to establish quantitative data. Direct observation utilizing a checklist consisting of five categories--management, environment, setting…

  4. Improving the Reading Attitudes of College Students: Using Literature Circles to Learn about Content Reading

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bernadowski, Carianne

    2013-01-01

    Literature circles and book clubs have become a popular instructional literacy strategy. In recent years, educators attempt to motivate students to read more in quantity and quality at an early age. A case study design was utilized that required undergraduate education majors to participate in literature circles reading historical fiction and…

  5. Effects of a Reading Intervention for Kindergarten Students At Risk for Emotional Disturbance and Reading Deficits.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Trout, Alexandra L.; Epstein, Michael H.; Mickelson, William T.; Nelson, J. Ron; Lewis, Linda M.

    2003-01-01

    Six kindergartners with or at risk for emotional disturbance and reading deficits received a supplementary reading intervention over seven months. After instruction, participants outperformed six control at-risk and six norm-referencing students without disabilities on curriculum-based measures assessing early phonemic awareness and basic reading…

  6. "Cyber" Reading in L2: Online Reading Strategies of Students in a Philippine Public High School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    De Leon, John Angelo Vinuya; Tarrayo, Veronico Nogales

    2014-01-01

    This paper seeks to identify the online reading strategies employed by students in a Philippine Public High School. In particular, the study attempts to answer the following questions: (1) What are the online reading strategies used by the respondents (i.e., global, problem-solving, and support)?; (2) What is the frequency of use of the online…

  7. Developing Reading Comprehension Modules to Facilitate Reading Comprehension among Malaysian Secondary School ESL Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Javed, Muhammad; Eng, Lin Siew; Mohamed, Abdul Rashid

    2015-01-01

    The study aims to develop a set of 6 Reading Comprehension Modules (RCMs) for Malaysian ESL teachers to facilitate different reading abilities of ESL students effectively. Different skill categories were selected for developing the RCMs. This article describes how and why diverse texts of varying length were adopted and adapted from various…

  8. Reading Instruction in Science for Students with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kaldenberg, Erica R.; Watt, Sarah J.; Therrien, William J.

    2015-01-01

    As a growing number of students with learning disabilities (LD) receive science instruction in general education settings, students with LD continue to perform significantly lower than their non-disabled peers. The shift from textbook-driven instruction to inquiry-based approaches to science learning supports students who struggle with reading.…

  9. Reading Habits of College Students in the United States

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Huang, SuHua; Capps, Matthew; Blacklock, Jeff; Garza, Mary

    2014-01-01

    This study employed a convergent mixed-method research design to investigate reading habits of American college students. A total of 1,265 (466 male and 799 female) college students voluntarily participated in the study by completing a self-reported survey. Twelve students participated in semi-structured interviews and classroom observations.…

  10. Improving Grade One Students' Reading Motivation with Online Electronic Storybooks

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ciampa, Katia

    2012-01-01

    This qualitative study stemmed from a concern of the perceived decline in students' reading motivation after the early years of schooling. The current research explored eight grade 1 students' experiences with online electronic storybooks (eBooks). Eight students were given ten 25-minute sessions with the software programs over 15 weeks.…

  11. CBM with Goal Setting: Impacting Students' Understanding of Reading Goals

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Swain, Kristine D.

    2005-01-01

    This pilot study investigated if goal setting with curriculum-based measurement (CBM) was effective in increasing student awareness of goal knowledge and if students could set realistic daily reading goals. Nineteen 6th and 7th grade students with learning disabilities participated in a goal setting treatment group or a control group. During the…

  12. The Impact of a Three-Week Summer Reading Program on Students' Oral Reading Fluency

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Juilfs, Kelly

    2014-01-01

    The impacts of a summer reading program on students' reading fluency were assessed. Fifteen students in grades first through seventh voluntarily attended a nine-day summer reading program. Participants who attended the program were a good representation of the other students in the school. The school was selected due to the high percentage of…

  13. Note Launchers: Promoting Active Reading of Mathematics Textbooks

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Helms, Josh W.; Helms, Kimberly Turner

    2010-01-01

    Note launchers, an instructor-designed reading guide, model how to select, decide, and focus upon what textbook material is important to learn. Reading guides are specially-designed study aids that can steer students through difficult parts of assigned readings (Bean, 1996) while encouraging advance preparation. As an example of a reading guide,…

  14. Student Achievement: Elementary Principal Catalysts--Instructional Leadership in Reading

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sherman, Whitney H.; Crum, Karen S.

    2007-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore how elementary principals facilitate and serve as catalysts for successful reading instruction and student achievement. The authors interviewed 10 elementary school principals in two school districts in a southern state to determine how they acted as instructional leaders in the area of reading in their…

  15. Old Texts and Opera--Inciting Students to Read

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Senyshyn, Yaroslav

    2005-01-01

    Eleventh grade English class "special students" with a fourth or fifth grade level of reading ability are won over by an enterprising teacher reading stories by Boccaccio, Chaucer and Shakespeare and introducing them to opera. The so called difficult kids often have more aptitude and talent than given credit for by shortsighted teachers and…

  16. Exploring Online Reading Strategies of American Undergraduate Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Behalova, Andrea

    2010-01-01

    Scope and Method of Study. This study explores the actual and the perceived online reading strategies used by selected American undergraduate students when reading academic materials on the web. In this mixed-method study with a two-phase exploratory sequential research, qualitative data were collected using a case study protocol; the data were…

  17. The Effects of Read 180 on Student Achievement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Plony, Doreen A.

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this ex post facto study was to analyze archive data to investigate the effects of Read 180, a computer-based supplemental reading intervention, on students' academic achievement for the academic school year 2011-2012. Further analyses examined if influences existed in variables such as grade level, gender, and ethnicity of the…

  18. Providing a "Safety Net" for Students Lacking a Reading Habit.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Turner, William E.

    Current educational writing and reporting suggests a need for making reading a more vital experience for the student. One of the ways being tried in the Rye Public Schools (New York) is an integrated, guided, out-of-class reading program that is keyed to the inquiry curriculum. Starting in the third grade, each inquiry unit has specially selected…

  19. Pitch Error Analysis of Young Piano Students' Music Reading Performances

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rut Gudmundsdottir, Helga

    2010-01-01

    This study analyzed the music reading performances of 6-13-year-old piano students (N = 35) in their second year of piano study. The stimuli consisted of three piano pieces, systematically constructed to vary in terms of left-hand complexity and input simultaneity. The music reading performances were recorded digitally and a code of error analysis…

  20. Reading Behaviors of Students in Kolej Datin Seri Endon (KDSE)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mohamed, Mohini; Rahman, Roshanida A.; Tin, Lee Chew; Hashim, Haslenda; Maarof, Hasmerya; Nasir, Noor Sharliana Mat; Zailani, Siti Nazrah; Esivan, Siti Marsilawati Mohamed; Jumari, Nur Fazirah

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: This is an exploratory study of reading behaviors and interest among students residing in a female residential college of Kolej Datin Seri Endon (KDSE), Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM) and the use of reading stations (RS) placed at strategic locations throughout the main campus. The UTM's Vice Chancellor project of developing various…

  1. How Physical Education Teachers Can Help Encourage Students to Read

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Richardson, Maurine; Richardson, James; Sacks, Mary Kathleen

    2012-01-01

    The pressure to ensure that all children learn to read and become lifelong readers has never been as strong at it is now. For this to become a reality for all students, including those that are not motivated to read, teachers must use any and all appropriate strategies. With this in mind, literacy teachers should enlist assistance from other…

  2. Challenges in Intervention Planning for Underachieving Reading Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Batten, Patricia R.

    2006-01-01

    In this study, Reading Recovery teachers reported the program plans for students who had not successfully discontinued the Reading Recovery program. Despite the existence of policy and monitoring devices in New Jersey, a number of schools did not have plans in place to offer ongoing intensive literacy instruction for their lowest-performing…

  3. Summer Reading Programs Boost Student Achievement, Study Says

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fiore, Carole; Roman, Susan

    2010-01-01

    Based on the findings of a recent three-year study by Dominican University's Graduate School of Library and Information Studies, the authors can confirm what many librarians have long suspected: students who take part in their local library's summer reading program significantly improve their reading skills. This article describes the results of…

  4. An Examination of ESL Taiwanese University Students' Multimodal Reading Responses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, Hsiao-Chien

    2013-01-01

    This article reports an empirical study conducted in a Taiwanese English as a second language university class. Reader response theory is the theoretical framework guiding the study. Fifty-nine university students were encouraged to collaboratively create multimodal responses to a classic English reading. Taking an aesthetic reading stance, the…

  5. Gender Differences in Reading Strategy Use among ESL College Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Poole, Alexander

    2005-01-01

    The use of a complex battery of reading strategies has been found to be obligatory for those English as a Second Language (ESL) students desirous of a high level of English language literacy and success in US academic institutions. Even though we know of the importance of reading strategies, little research exists on whether or not ESL males and…

  6. College Students' Beliefs about Comprehension when Reading for Different Purposes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Linderholm, Tracy; Wilde, Adam

    2010-01-01

    Readers' beliefs about their understanding and test performance as a function of the reading purpose was examined. Participants read a series of expository texts for entertainment or study purposes, answered questions about the texts, and their beliefs about future and past test performance were assessed. The results showed that students believed…

  7. The learning processes of two high-school biology students when reading primary literature

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Brill, Gilat; Falk, Hedda; Yarden, Anat

    2004-04-01

    Biology education, like education in any other discipline, strives to make students familiar with the knowledge, activities, and ways of thinking of the community of biologists. We produced a curriculum in developmental biology based on learning through primary literature, in an attempt to develop biological literacy among highschool students. Here we characterize the way in which two high-school biology students read a research article in developmental biology. Mere reading resulted in superficial comprehension. In contrast, when the students answered questions about the text, deeper comprehension evolved. The students could overcome readingcomprehension problems by applying well-established reading strategies, but encountered difficulties resulting from the classical structure of research articles. We hope that our characterization of the learning process of research articles by high-school students will enable the use of these complex texts in high-school biology classrooms.

  8. Increasing Reading Fluency Performance of Students with Emotional and Behavioral Disorders

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hanway Kalis, Tara M.

    2012-01-01

    Reading fluency has been identified as one of the essential skills students must develop in order to learn to read. Fluency is also a critical factor in reading comprehension (National Reading Panel [NRP], 2000). Many students, however, lack the ability to read age-appropriate materials fluently, including students with emotional and behavioral…

  9. The Effects of Practice with Prescribed Reading Glasses on Students with Low Vision.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Janice K.; Erin, Jane N.

    2002-01-01

    A study investigated effects of regular instruction and practice with prescription reading glasses with three adolescents with low vision. Two students demonstrated no advantage in reading large print and one student experienced a decreased reading rate using standard print and reading glasses. Students preferred reading standard print with…

  10. The Effects of Extensive Reading via E-Books on Tertiary Level EFL Students' Reading Attitude, Reading Comprehension, and Vocabulary

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chen, Chin-Neng; Chen, Shu-Chu; Chen, Shu-Hui Eileen; Wey, Shyh-Chyi

    2013-01-01

    This study investigates the effects of extensive reading of e-books on tertiary level EFL students' English reading attitude, reading comprehension and vocabulary. Eighty-nine participants were assigned in two groups, with 46 students in the experimental group and the other 43 students in the control group. In addition to a traditional…

  11. Evaluation of Reading Fluency and Reading Errors of 9th Grade Students with a View to Diagnosing the Sources of Reading Difficulties

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Üstten, Aliye Uslu

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to identify the sources of reading difficulties and to evaluate reading fluency of 9th grade students which aims to improve students' reading and their understanding of complex literary texts. The sample is composed of 120 students selected from 9th grade of 10 different high schools in central province of Ankara…

  12. Students Learn to Read Like Writers: A Framework for Teachers of Writing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Griffith, Robin R.

    2010-01-01

    This study provides insight into the role of the elementary school writing teacher in helping students learn to "read like writers" (Smith, 1983). This case study documents how one fourth-grade teacher employed a gradual release of responsibility model as she deliberately planned activities that drew students' attention to well-crafted writing.…

  13. The Effects of Using WebQuests on Reading Comprehension Performance of Saudi EFL Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alshumaimeri, Yousif A.; Almasri, Meshail M.

    2012-01-01

    This paper is a report on the effects of using WebQuest on Saudi male EFL students reading comprehension performance. WebQuests expose students to several online resources and require them to gather information about a specific topic. The experimental group received traditional teaching plus WebQuests as supplementary activities. The control group…

  14. Into the Woods: The Impact of Pre-Reading Activities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Patton, Lee

    While reading teachers have routinely introduced pre-reading activation strategies for decades, literature teachers are trained to become expert on what happens after reading, to be adept at follow-up, to be agile with close analysis of an already finished reading experience. As a result of a presentation by a reading specialist, a veteran…

  15. Accurate reading comprehension rate as an indicator of broad reading in students in first, second, and third grades.

    PubMed

    Ciancio, Dennis; Thompson, Kelly; Schall, Megan; Skinner, Christopher; Foorman, Barbara

    2015-10-01

    The relationship between reading comprehension rate measures and broad reading skill development was examined using data from approximately 1425 students (grades 1-3). Students read 3 passages, from a pool of 30, and answered open-ended comprehension questions. Accurate reading comprehension rate (ARCR) was calculated by dividing the percentage of questions answered correctly (%QC) by seconds required to read the passage. Across all 30 passages, ARCR and its two components, %QC correct and time spent reading (1/seconds spent reading the passage), were significantly correlated with broad reading scores, with %QC resulting in the lowest correlations. Two sequential regressions supported previous findings which suggest that ARCR measures consistently produced meaningful incremental increases beyond %QC in the amount of variance explained in broad reading skill; however, ARCR produced small or no incremental increases beyond reading time. Discussion focuses on the importance of the measure of reading time embedded in brief accurate reading rate measures and directions for future research. PMID:26407836

  16. Examining Gifted Students Who Are Economically At-Risk to Determine Factors that Influence Their Early Reading Success

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bailey, Lora Battle

    2006-01-01

    The aim of this study was to determine whether the "Frequency with which parents read to their children, Preschool Exposure" and the initial "Age" that students "who are economically at-risk" were first exposed to significant literacy activities at home or in a preschool setting affected their reading grades. Students "who are economically…

  17. Comparing Effects of Different Writing Activities on Reading Comprehension: A Meta-Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hebert, Michael; Simpson, Amy; Graham, Steve

    2013-01-01

    The purposes of this review were to determine: (1) if different writing activities were more effective than others in improving students' reading comprehension, and (2) if obtained differences among writing activities was related to how reading comprehension was measured? Meta-analysis was used to examine these questions across studies involving…

  18. Engaging Older Students with Reading Disabilities: Multimedia Inquiry Projects Supported by Reading Assistive Technology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Elder-Hinshaw, Rebecca; Manset-Williamson, Genevieve; Nelson, Jason M.; Dunn, Michael W.

    2006-01-01

    Creating accessible and engaging lessons for students with reading disabilities (RD) in inclusive classrooms is particularly challenging for special educators in upper elementary and middle school settings. Older students with RD have difficulty accessing the texts that serve as the basis for instruction, and years of repeated failure can leave…

  19. Supporting Middle School Students' Online Reading of Scientific Resources: Moving beyond Cursory, Fragmented, and Opportunistic Reading

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zhang, M.

    2013-01-01

    The abundant scientific resources on the Web provide great opportunities for students to expand their science learning, yet easy access to information does not ensure learning. Prior research has found that middle school students tend to read Web-based scientific resources in a shallow, superficial manner. A software tool was designed to support…

  20. Image-Language Interaction in Online Reading Environments: Challenges for Students' Reading Comprehension

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chan, Eveline; Unsworth, Len

    2011-01-01

    This paper presents the qualitative results of a study of students' reading of multimodal texts in an interactive, online environment. The study forms part of a larger project which addressed image-language interaction as an important dimension of language pedagogy and assessment for students growing up in a multimedia digital age. Thirty-two Year…

  1. Impact of iPod Touch-Supported Repeated Reading on the English Oral Reading Fluency of L2 Students with Specific Learning Difficulties

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Papadima-Sophocleous, Salomi; Charalambous, Marina

    2014-01-01

    In recent years the use of new technologies has been extensively explored in different aspects of language learning pedagogy. The objective of this research was to investigate the impact Repeated Reading activity, supported by iPod Touch could have on the English Oral Reading Fluency (ORF) of second language university students with Special…

  2. Should We Raise the Reading Speed Limit?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Berliner, David; Casanova, Ursula

    1988-01-01

    A recent study of reading rates of first grade students in Israel and America indicates that increased reading speed may improve comprehension and oral reading. Based on this finding, activities to help students read faster (and better) are suggested. (JL)

  3. Use of assisted reading to improve reading rate, word accuracy, and comprehension with ESL Spanish-speaking students.

    PubMed

    VanWagenen, M A; Williams, R L; McLaughlin, T F

    1994-08-01

    The present experiment examined the effectiveness of an assisted reading program on reading rates and comprehension of three Spanish-speaking students learning English. The effects of assisted reading on reading rate, word accuracy, and comprehension were examined using a multiple-baseline design across individuals. Increases in words read correctly per minute with repeated readings of the passage and on new passages, decreases in errors per minute, and increases in comprehension were noted. PMID:7991314

  4. Accuracy of student performance while reading leveled books rated at their instructional level by a reading inventory.

    PubMed

    Burns, Matthew K; Pulles, Sandra M; Maki, Kathrin E; Kanive, Rebecca; Hodgson, Jennifer; Helman, Lori A; McComas, Jennifer J; Preast, June L

    2015-12-01

    Identifying a student's instructional level is necessary to ensure that students are appropriately challenged in reading. Informal reading inventories (IRIs) purport to assess the highest reading level at which a student can accurately decode and comprehend text. However, the use of IRIs in determining a student's instructional level has been questioned because of a lack of research. The current study examined the percentage of words read correctly with 64 second- and third-grade students while reading from texts at their instructional level as determined by an IRI. Students read for 1 min from three leveled texts that corresponded to their instructional level as measured by an IRI, and the percentage of words read correctly was recorded. The percentage read correctly correlated across the three books from r=.47 to r=.68 and instructional level categories correlated from tau=.59 to tau=.65. Percent agreement calculations showed that the categorical scores (frustration, instructional, and independent) for the three readings agreed approximately 67% to 70% of the time, which resulted in a kappa estimate of less than .50. Kappa coefficients of .70 are considered strong indicators of agreement. Moreover, more than half of the students with the lowest reading skills read at a frustration level when attempting to read books rated at their instructional level by an IRI. The current study questions how reliably and accurately IRIs identify students' instructional level for reading. PMID:26563597

  5. Effects of tutoring in phonological and early reading skills on students at risk for reading disabilities.

    PubMed

    Vadasy, P F; Jenkins, J R; Pool, K

    2000-01-01

    This study examined the effectiveness of nonprofessional tutors in a phonologically based reading treatment similar to those in which successful reading outcomes have been demonstrated. Participants were 23 first graders at risk for learning disability who received intensive one-to-one tutoring from noncertified tutors for 30 minutes, 4 days a week, for one school year. Tutoring included instruction in phonological skills, letter-sound correspondence, explicit decoding, rime analysis, writing, spelling, and reading phonetically controlled text. At year end, tutored students significantly outperformed untutored control students on measures of reading, spelling, and decoding. Effect sizes ranged from .42 to 1.24. Treatment effects diminished at follow-up at the end of second grade, although tutored students continued to significantly outperform untutored students in decoding and spelling. Findings suggest that phonologically based reading instruction for first graders at risk for learning disability can be delivered by nonteacher tutors. Our discussion addresses the character of reading outcomes associated with tutoring, individual differences in response to treatment, and the infrastructure required for nonprofessional tutoring programs. PMID:15495399

  6. Preparing students for class: How to get 80% of students reading the textbook before class

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Heiner, Cynthia E.; Banet, Amanda I.; Wieman, Carl

    2014-10-01

    We discuss our implementation of targeted pre-reading assignments with an associated online quiz in two science classes, one physics and one biology. Our goal was to create a pre-class assignment that helped students recognize the benefits of reading before class. Students were asked to take part in a survey about how and why they completed the pre-reading assignments. We found that 80% of students read the textbook on a regular basis, which is much higher than reported in previous studies. Also nearly 3/4 of students reported using productive strategies for completing the reading assignment and cited reading prior to class as being helpful to their learning. Student self-reports were checked against electronic logs and were found to be highly accurate. Moreover, these results were nearly identical between the physics and biology courses.

  7. Improving Music Reading Skills among Second Grade Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kinate, Joanna

    This project describes a program designed to improve the music reading abilities of second grade children. The intention is to discover the best possible method of teaching students basic rhythmic and melodic skills. When combined, these skills will not only increase students' understanding of the language of music, but will also increase…

  8. Improving Student Comprehension Skills through the Use of Reading Strategies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bongratz, Karen M.; Bradley, Julie C.; Fisel, Kimberly L.; Orcutt, Jennifer A.; Shoemaker, Amy J.

    This study describes a program designed to increase student academic performance through the use of reading strategies. The targeted population consists of third and fourth grade students in three separate communities located in northern Illinois. All three communities are part of one major metropolitan area, and the status of family income ranges…

  9. Response to Intervention and Its Impact on Student Reading Success

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Robey, Cheryl

    2012-01-01

    Response to Intervention surfaced with the reauthorization of federal special education law emphasizing the importance of early intervention services to maximize skill development. This study compared the effectiveness of Response to Intervention in varied settings and among specific groups of students. When student reading gain was compared in…

  10. Strategies for Improving Reading Skills among ELL College Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lei, Simon A.; Berger, Adam M.; Allen, Brigita M.; Plummer, Chad V.; Rosenberg, Worka

    2010-01-01

    In order to successfully complete any college-level courses, English Language Learner (ELL) students must be able to read and comprehend a large volume of academic information. However, many instructors are completely overwhelmed in teaching their respective subject areas and are academically unprepared to teach ELL students appropriate reading…

  11. Using Anticipatory Reading Guides to Improve Elementary Students' Comprehension

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ortlieb, Evan

    2013-01-01

    One of the greatest challenges of an elementary school teacher is equipping students with comprehension strategies that transfer to all content areas. With stable levels of reading achievement over the last two decades in the United States, it is necessary that further research be conducted on methods of increasing students' comprehension…

  12. Blended Learning for College Students with English Reading Difficulties

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yang, Yu-Fen

    2012-01-01

    Most previous studies in blended learning simply involved on-site and online instruction without considering students' control of their own learning in these two different modalities. The purpose of this study was to investigate how college students with English reading difficulties integrate their conceptions of and approaches to blended learning…

  13. Writing Disabilities and Reading Disabilities in Elementary School Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Costa, Lara-Jeane C.; Edwards, Crystal N.; Hooper, Stephen R.

    2016-01-01

    This longitudinal study was conducted to determine (a) the rate of co-occurrence of reading disabilities (RDs) in a writing disability (WD) population of students followed from first grade to fourth grade and (b) the cognitive burden that is assumed by having a WD and a RD (WD + RD). The sample included 137 first-grade students from a single…

  14. Using CSL with Special Education and Reading Resource Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ellis, Barbara Carter

    1993-01-01

    Describes the experiences of an elementary school resource room teacher in Staten Island (New York) in using community service learning (CSL) with special education and reading resource students. Students planned and carried out a cupcake sale to benefit UNICEF. Parent participation was an important part of the process. (SLD)

  15. Reading Fluency Instruction with Students Who Have Physical Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heller, Kathryn Wolff; Rupert, Jenny Hayes; Coleman-Martin, Mari Beth; Mezei, Peter J.; Calhoon, Mary Beth

    2007-01-01

    Although fluency instruction is an essential part of teaching reading, there is limited information on providing this type of instruction with students who have physical disabilities. This article examines three case studies across two students, one with cerebral palsy and the other with both arthrogryposis and spina bifida. In the first study,…

  16. Instructional Enhancements to Improve Students' Reading Abilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stoller, Fredricka L.; Anderson, Neil J.; Grabe, William; Komiyama, Reiko

    2013-01-01

    This article offers five instructional enhancements that help students become better readers. These classroom practices coincide with five key elements of English as a Foreign Language (EFL) reading instruction: "extensive practice and exposure to print," "commitment to building student motivation," "attention to reading…

  17. Factors Underlying Second Language Reading Motivation of Adult EAP Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Komiyama, Reiko

    2013-01-01

    Characteristics of English for Academic Purposes students' second language (L2) motivation were examined by identifying underlying motivational factors. Using the motivation constructs created by first language reading researchers, a survey was developed and administered to 2,018 students from 53 English language programs in the U.S. Survey…

  18. Documenting Reading Achievement and Growth for Students Taking Alternate Assessments

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tindal, Gerald; Nese, Joseph F. T.; Farley, Dan; Saven, Jessica L.; Elliott, Stephen N.

    2016-01-01

    Students with disabilities have been included in state accountability systems for more than a decade; however, only in the past few years have alternate assessments of alternate achievement standards (AA-AAS) become stable enough to allow examination of these students' achievement growth. Using data from Oregon's AA-AAS in Reading during the…

  19. Risking Intensity: Reading and Writing Poetry with High School Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Michaels, Judith Rowe

    Aimed at junior and senior high school teachers and artists in residence, this book urges teachers and students to read and write poetry "as though their lives depended upon it," and to breathe life into classroom writing traditions that are not hands-on or intense. Each chapter is set in the classroom. Poems by students and teacher illustrate…

  20. Investigating a Summer Reading Program for Title I Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mountain, Stephanie M.

    2010-01-01

    Constant changes in legislation regarding monitoring student achievement levels have led schools to redevelop usage of instructional time in several core subjects. Legislation such as Missouri Senate Bill 319 specifically mandates that the school must intervene if a student is not reading at the appropriate level by grade four. Alternative…

  1. Teaching Reading to Bidialectal English-Speaking Caribbean American Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    David Rodriguez, Ingrid

    2012-01-01

    There is little research on bidialectal teacher preparation for teaching bidialectal English-speaking Caribbean American students. The purpose of this qualitative case study was to understand teachers' perception of reading difficulties of Caribbean American children in a local district that has a large percentage of these students who…

  2. Do Knowledge Arrangements Affect Student Reading Comprehension of Genetics?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wu, Jen-Yi; Tung, Yu-Neng; Hwang, Bi-Chi; Lin, Chen-Yung; Che-Di, Lee; Chang, Yung-Ta

    2014-01-01

    Various sequences for teaching genetics have been proposed. Three seventh-grade biology textbooks in Taiwan share similar key knowledge assemblages but have different knowledge arrangements. To investigate the influence of knowledge arrangements on student understanding of genetics, we compared students' reading comprehension of the three…

  3. Reading the Web--Students' Perceptions about the Internet

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leino, Kaisa

    2006-01-01

    This study explores the perceptions of Finnish 15-year-olds on the advantages and disadvantages of the Internet. The data, students' written responses (N = 3112), were gathered in the context of the OECD Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) in the spring of 2000 as a national option. The data were analysed by close reading and…

  4. Genre Effects on Higher Education Students' Text Reading for Understanding.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Francis, Hazel; Hallam, Susan

    2000-01-01

    Twenty-two graduate students in education at a British university read, answered written questions, and then discussed four text extracts from different genres (literary, theoretical, research, and statistical). Results of this study and a follow-up survey of 39 similar students suggested that text genre is a major factor in perceived difficulty…

  5. Research Report: The Holt Basic Reading System (HBRS) Field Study (1976-1977). Study Phase: Student Interest Survey.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kelly, Eileen

    Questionnaires were distributed to 6,354 elementary school students participating in the Holt Basic Reading System Field Study. Primary students reported that their favorite activity is watching television; intermediate students, playing sports. Approximately 25% of the students did not have a pet; 46% reported having a dog; 15%, a cat. Almost 48%…

  6. Student Teachers' Perceptions of Reading and the Teaching of Reading: The Implications for Teacher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Perkins, Margaret

    2013-01-01

    This article reports on research which identified perceptions of reading and the teaching of reading held by trainee teachers and the impact on my provision as a teacher educator. It found that students' past and present experiences of learning to read and being a reader influenced their perceptions of what reading is and of what it means to…

  7. Analysis of Reading Comprehension Levels of Fifth Grade Students Who Learned to Read and Write with the Sentence Method

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sagirli, Muhittin

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this study is the determination of reading comprehension levels of fifth grade's students who learned to read and write with the sentence method. With the program of 2005, it has been amended in the first reading and writing method. In the teaching of first reading and writing, it was passed to the sentence method instead of sound…

  8. The Effect of Speed Reading Instruction on Japanese High School Students' English Reading Comprehension and Vocabulary Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Underwood, Paul; Myskow, Gordon; Hattori, Takahiko

    2012-01-01

    This study investigated the effects of a six-month course in speed reading in three areas of reading proficiency development: 1) general reading comprehension, 2) knowledge of high-frequency vocabulary, and 3) reading-rate and accuracy. The participants (N = 105) were Japanese students studying English as a foreign language in Grade 10 at a…

  9. An Investigation of Basic and Borderline Proficient Students' Comprehension Reading Achievement Using the Read 180 Computerized Instructional Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Piper, Deborah L.

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to see if students made gains in reading achievement in the area of reading comprehension by having used a computerized reading instructional program entitled "READ 180RTM." The researcher included a qualitative component to gather teacher and parent perceptions of the use of this program. The theoretical…

  10. The Functions of Cultural Schemata in the Chinese Reading Comprehension and Reading Time of College Students in Taiwan

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Li, Chen-Hong; Lai, Shu-Fen

    2012-01-01

    The study examined the effects of cultural familiarity with a text on Chinese students' reading comprehension performance and reading time. In the first phase of the study, participants were required to read a culturally familiar text, write down the time they spent reading the passage, and immediately complete a cloze test without referring back…

  11. The Comparison of Students' Use of Metacognitive Reading Strategies between Reading in Bahasa Indonesia and in English

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vianty, Machdalena

    2007-01-01

    This article reports an investigation into the students' use of metacognitive reading strategies that involve the use of analytic and pragmatic reading strategies when reading in the two languages: English and Bahasa Indonesia. One-hundred and one students from the English Study Program within the Faculty of Teacher Training and Education of…

  12. The Problem of Reading and Reading Culture Improvement of Students-Bachelors of Elementary Education in Modern High Institution

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kamalova, Lera A.; Koletvinova, Natal'ya D.

    2016-01-01

    This article is aimed to study the problems of reading and improve reading culture of students-bachelors of elementary education in modern high institutions and development of the most effective methods and techniques for improving of reading culture of students in the study of Humanities disciplines. The leading method to the study of this…

  13. The Relationship of Reading Comprehension Success with Metacognitive Awareness, Motivation, and Reading Levels of Fifth Grade Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Memis, Aysel; Bozkurt, Metin

    2013-01-01

    This research aims to investigate the relationship between metacognitive awareness, reading motivations, reading levels and reading comprehension success of fifth grade students using comparative relative scan model. There were 577 students. In the result of the research, in which data were collected with four scales, it was concluded that reading…

  14. Reading Assessments for Students with ASD: A Survey of Summative Reading Assessments Used in Special Educational Schools in the UK

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arnold, Sharon; Reed, Phil

    2016-01-01

    Schools have an obligation to assess the literacy skills of their students, and the provision of reading instruction to students includes the ability to measure progress in this area. However, the design of reading tests includes the ability not only to read words, but also the ability to verbalise them. This presents a particular challenge for…

  15. The Effects of the Sustained Silent Reading Program on Cultivating Students' Habits and Attitudes in Reading Books for Leisure

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chua, Siah Poh

    2008-01-01

    The author examines the effects of the sustained silent reading program on cultivating students' habits and attitudes in reading books for leisure. The author used a time-series design and measured students' reading habits and attitudes three times in twelve months. It was expected that if the program created positive effects on cultivating…

  16. Phonological working memory and reading in students with dyslexia

    PubMed Central

    de Carvalho, Carolina A. F.; Kida, Adriana de S. B.; Capellini, Simone A.; de Avila, Clara R. B.

    2014-01-01

    Purpose: To investigate parameters related to fluency, reading comprehension and phonological processing (operational and short-term memory) and identify potential correlation between the variables in Dyslexia and in the absence of reading difficulties. Method: One hundred and fifteen students from the third to eighth grade of elementary school were grouped into a Control Group (CG) and Group with Dyslexia (GDys). Reading of words, pseudowords and text (decoding); listening and reading comprehension; phonological short-term and working memory (repetition of pseudowords and Digit Span) were evaluated. Results: The comparison of the groups showed significant differences in decoding, phonological short-term memory (repetition of pseudowords) and answers to text-connecting questions (TC) on reading comprehension, with the worst performances identified for GDys. In this group there were negative correlations between pseudowords repetition and TC answers and total score, both on listening comprehension. No correlations were found between operational and short-term memory (Digit Span) and parameters of fluency and reading comprehension in dyslexia. For the sample without complaint, there were positive correlations between some parameters of reading fluency and repetition of pseudowords and also between answering literal questions in listening comprehension and repetition of digits on the direct and reverse order. There was no correlation with the parameters of reading comprehension. Conclusion: GDys and CG showed similar performance in listening comprehension and in understanding of explicit information and gap-filling inference on reading comprehension. Students of GDys showed worst performance in reading decoding, phonological short-term memory (pseudowords) and on inferences that depends on textual cohesion understanding in reading. There were negative correlations between pseudowords repetition and TC answers and total score, both in listening comprehension. PMID

  17. Teaching Students with Autism to Read Pictures

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cihak, David F.

    2007-01-01

    This study examined the use of teaching three students with autism how to comprehend pictures. Students were elementary-aged, did not speak, and needed communication training. Students were provided systematic visual literacy instruction. Visual literacy instruction consisted of comprehending familiar people, objects, actions, and sequences…

  18. A Case Study on the Impact of the READ 180 Reading Intervention Program on Affective and Cognitive Reading Skills for At-Risk Secondary Level Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vogel, Jeffrey Todd

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this qualitative case study was to investigate the impact of the READ 180 reading intervention program upon the affective and cognitive reading skills of 21 struggling ninth grade at-risk students at a Title I high school in Southern California. There was minimal qualitative analysis of the READ 180 program at the secondary level…

  19. Effects of reading-oriented tasks on students' reading comprehension of geometry proof

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yang, Kai-Lin; Lin, Fou-Lai

    2012-06-01

    This study compared the effects of reading-oriented tasks and writing-oriented tasks on students' reading comprehension of geometry proof (RCGP). The reading-oriented tasks were designed with reading strategies and the idea of problem posing. The writing-oriented tasks were consistent with usual proof instruction for writing a proof and applying it. Twenty-two classes of ninth-grade students ( N = 683), aged 14 to 15 years, and 12 mathematics teachers participated in this quasi-experimental classroom study. While the experimental group was instructed to read and discuss the reading tasks in two 45-minute lessons, the control group was instructed to prove and apply the same propositions. Generalised estimating equation (GEE) method was used to compare the scores of the post-test and the delayed post-test with the pre-test scores as covariates. Results showed that the total scores of the delayed post-test of the experimental group were significantly higher than those of the control group. Furthermore, the scores of the experimental group on all facets of reading comprehension except the application facet were significantly higher than those of the control group for both the post-test and delayed post-test.

  20. Sustained Silent Reading in Middle School and Its Impact on Students' Attitudes and Achievement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morgan, Margaret Peggy S.

    2013-01-01

    Sustained Silent Reading (SSR) is a period of time given to students to read self-selected materials during their school day. This study examines the effect of participation in a SSR program on reading attitudes and reading achievement of students as measured by the Adolescent Motivation to Read Profile (AMRP) and the Northwest Evaluation…

  1. The Impact of Structured Daily Independent Self-Selected Reading on Second Grade Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Culmo, Jill R.

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the perceptions of second grade students about reading, themselves as readers, their motivation to read, and their subsequent reading achievement. Allowing students time to read independently during the school day and providing various reading materials in the classroom are options that some school…

  2. A Longitudinal Study of the Role of Reading Motivation in Primary Students' Reading Comprehension: Implications for a Less Simple View of Reading

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cartwright, Kelly B.; Marshall, Timothy R.; Wray, Erica

    2016-01-01

    Although substantial research indicates motivation contributes significant variance to reading comprehension in upper elementary students, research with students in primary grades has focused, instead, on the relation of motivation to word reading. Assessment of reading motivation in 68 first and second graders indicated word and nonword reading…

  3. The Effects of Homogeneous versus Heterogeneous Reading-Style Grouping on EFL Students' Non-Preferred Reading Style and Reading Comprehension

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    El-Koumy, Abdel Salam Abdel Khalek

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of homogeneous versus heterogeneous reading-style grouping on EFL students' non-preferred reading style and reading comprehension. The study used a pretest-posttest experimental design. The original subjects of the study (N=86) were Egyptian English major senior students during the 2005/2006…

  4. Screen Reading Habits among University Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vandenhoek, Tim

    2013-01-01

    Among the numerous areas of education which have been impacted by technology, the growth of reading texts from computer screens is one of the most widespread. This trend is perhaps most evident at universities with academic journal articles increasing being stored and accessed in this format. As with any technological changes, the spread of screen…

  5. Student Behavior While Reading from Text.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Klare, George R.; Schumacher, Gary M.

    Writing, editing, and printing texts for schools has been the accepted role of publishers, while text researchers have concentrated on typography, content, and readability. The hundreds of readability formulas now available make readability the most sophisticated of these three areas. Research in reading comprehension suggests that publishers…

  6. Comparing the spelling and reading abilities of students with cochlear implants and students with typical hearing.

    PubMed

    Apel, Kenn; Masterson, Julie J

    2015-04-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine whether students with and without hearing loss (HL) differed in their spelling abilities and, specifically, in the underlying linguistic awareness skills that support spelling ability. Furthermore, we examined whether there were differences between the two groups in the relationship between reading and spelling. We assessed the spelling, word-level reading, and reading comprehension skills of nine students with cochlear implants and nine students with typical hearing who were matched for reading age. The students' spellings were analyzed to determine whether the misspellings were due to errors with phonemic awareness, orthographic pattern or morphological awareness, or poor mental graphemic representations. The students with HL demonstrated markedly less advanced spelling abilities than the students with typical hearing. For the students with HL, the misspellings were primarily due to deficiencies in orthographic pattern and morphological awareness. Correlations between measures of spelling and both real word reading and reading comprehension were lower for the students with HL. With additional investigations using a similar approach to spelling analysis that captures the underlying causes for spelling errors, researchers will better understand the linguistic awareness abilities that students with HL bring to the task of reading and spelling. PMID:25693579

  7. Accessible Reading Assessments for Students with Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abedi, Jamal; Bayley, Robert; Ewers, Nancy; Mundhenk, Kimberly; Leon, Seth; Kao, Jenny; Herman, Joan

    2012-01-01

    Assessments developed and field tested for the mainstream student population may not be accessible for students with disabilities (SWDs) as a result of the impact of extraneous variables, including cognitive features, such as depth of knowledge required, grammatical and lexical complexity, lexical density, and textual/visual features. This study…

  8. Significant Reading Experiences of Superior English Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Whitman, Robert S.

    1964-01-01

    Superior high school students (975 finalists in the NCTE Achievement Awards Program) were surveyed to find what one book was most significant to each of them in their high school experiences, and the reason for the significance. In response to questionnaires, the students cited 416 different titles, 72% of which were novels. The top 10 books were…

  9. Effectiveness and Efficiency of Reading Error Correction Procedures on the Reading Accuracy, Reading Fluency, and Reading Comprehension of Fourth Grade Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wallace, Jennifer N.

    2013-01-01

    As education law evolves, educators are faced with difficult decisions regarding curriculum, prevention programs, and intervention strategies to use with their students. The use of evidence-based strategies for all academic skill areas, including reading, has become increasingly common in schools. Twenty-four 4th grade students participated in an…

  10. Promoting a Reading Culture in School Community: How to Engage Reading Activities Cross Curricula, Directors, Teachers, Students, Parents, Administrative Services, Local Authorities, Public Libraries and Other Partners--Relating a Project

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martins, Ana Bela; Marques, Alexandra

    2010-01-01

    The main purpose of this paper is to present how an intensive collaboration between the National Portuguese Reading Plan and the School Libraries Network Programme plays an important role in the promotion of reading literacy as a baseline to develop all kinds of other literacy abilities and empower the role of school libraries and the…

  11. The Effect of Speed Reading Strategies on Developing Reading Comprehension among the 2nd Secondary Students in English Language

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abdelrahman, Mahmoud Sulaiman Hamad Bani; Bsharah, Muwafaq Saleem

    2014-01-01

    This study aimed to find the effect of speed reading strategies on developing reading comprehension among second secondary literary stream students in English language. The sample of the study consists of (42) students assigned into two groups who were chosen randomly from schools, a controlled group (21) students, and an experimental (21)…

  12. "Do We Have to Read 'All' of This?" Encouraging Students to Read for Understanding

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hellier, David; Richards, Helen

    2005-01-01

    What's the hardest part of history? Heads of Year 9 at options time seem depressingly clear--"Don't do history, there's too much writing." David Hellier and Helen Richards show that at The Green School it is reading that used to be the problem. At every level students found it difficult to assimilate, transform and use information by…

  13. Developmental Reading and Nursing Program Partnerships: Helping Students Succeed in Reading-Intensive Coursework

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Costanzo, Ryan D.; Fitzpatrick, Amanda

    2012-01-01

    While clinical competence and hands-on ability are crucial to nursing, students in college-based nursing programs face almost certain failure if they lack skills and strategies for textbook reading. Faculty and staff at a small liberal arts college with a two-year nursing program used focus groups consisting of first-semester and final-semester…

  14. Utilizing Multicultural Reading Resource Materials To Improve Reading Motivation and Performance among High School Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fauvel, Monique

    This paper reports on a practicum designed to increase reading motivation among senior high school students (as reflected by the number of books checked out from the school library) and to promote a better understanding of cultural sub-groups in the school, of which Blacks constituted the largest group (41%) and Hispanics, the second largest…

  15. Nah, Baca! Authentic Indonesian Readings. Volume 2: Teachers' Edition [and] Student Workbook [and] Reading Packet.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rafferty, Ellen; Collins, James T.; Barnard, Erlin Susanti; Hiple, David

    The selection of reading texts for second language learners of Indonesian for this volume were based on the desire to provide level-appropriate material, to reflect the diversity of contemporary Indonesian society, and to pique the interest of university students. Included materials are from government publications, Jakarta newspapers, provincial…

  16. Print Exposure, Reading Habits, and Reading Achievement among Deaf and Hearing College Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marschark, Marc; Sarchet, Thomastine; Convertino, Carol M.; Borgna, Georgianna; Morrison, Carolyn; Remelt, Sarah

    2012-01-01

    This study explored relations of print exposure, academic achievement, and reading habits among 100 deaf and 100 hearing college students. As in earlier studies, recognition tests for book titles and magazine titles were used as measures of print exposure, college entrance test scores were used as measures of academic achievement, and students…

  17. An Analysis of Student Reading as Measured on the Diagnostic Assessment of Reading (DAR)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baca, Jo-Ann M.; Shepperson, Barbara A.

    2006-01-01

    As part of the reporting of Delaware's State Improvement Grant (DelaSIG), the Delaware Education Research and Development Center (R&D Center) completed a study on the Diagnostic Assessment of Reading (DAR) scores of students whose teachers attended a professional development program designed to help focus teacher instruction of struggling readers…

  18. Research-Based Techniques for Teaching Early Reading Skills to Students with Intellectual Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Allor, Jill H.; Mathes, Patricia G.; Champlin, Tammi; Cheatham, Jennifer P.

    2009-01-01

    Teaching students with intellectual disabilities (ID) to read is extremely challenging. Fortunately, the outlook for students with ID is improving because we now know much more about how to teach reading to students who struggle, including those with ID. The central theme of this article is that reading instruction for students with ID must be a…

  19. Mothers' Reading-Related Activities at Home and Learning to Read during Kindergarten

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Silinskas, Gintautas; Parrila, Rauno; Lerkkanen, Marja-Kristiina; Poikkeus, Anna-Maija; Niemi, Pekka; Nurmi, Jari-Erik

    2010-01-01

    This longitudinal study investigates how the reading-related activities of mothers at home relate to the development of reading skills among their kindergarten children. A total of 1,529 children (5-to-6-year-olds) were tested on word reading twice, once at the beginning and once at the end of a kindergarten year. The mothers of the children (n =…

  20. Understanding Children's Reading Activities: Reading Motivation, Skill and Child Characteristics as Predictors

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McGeown, Sarah P.; Osborne, Cara; Warhurst, Amy; Norgate, Roger; Duncan, Lynne G.

    2016-01-01

    This study examined the extent to which a range of child characteristics (sex, age, socioeconomic status, reading skill and intrinsic and extrinsic reading motivation) predicted engagement (i.e., time spent) in different reading activities (fiction books, factual books, school textbooks, comics, magazines and digital texts). In total, 791 children…

  1. Reading under the Skin: Physiological Activation during Reading in Children with Dyslexia and Typical Readers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tobia, Valentina; Bonifacci, Paola; Ottaviani, Cristina; Borsato, Thomas; Marzocchi, Gian Marco

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate physiological activation during reading and control tasks in children with dyslexia and typical readers. Skin conductance response (SCR) recorded during four tasks involving reading aloud, reading silently, and describing illustrated stories aloud and silently was compared for children with dyslexia (n =…

  2. Listening and Reading Proficiency Levels of College Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tschirner, Erwin

    2016-01-01

    This article examines listening and reading proficiency levels of U.S. college foreign language students at major milestones throughout their undergraduate career. Data were collected from more than 3,000 participants studying seven languages at 21 universities and colleges across the United States. The results show that while listening…

  3. Promoting Reading to Middle School Students: May the Booktalks Continue.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stone, Betty W.

    2000-01-01

    Discusses booktalks as a method of promoting reading among middle school students and suggests titles in the areas of fantasies, mysteries, contemporary fiction, outdoor/adventure fiction, historical fiction, and humorous fiction. A Web site is given that includes complete bibliographic information and additional titles. (LRW)

  4. Improving Reading Performance among Egyptian Engineering Students: Principles and Practice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pritchard, Rosalind M. O.; Nasr, Atef

    2004-01-01

    The research project set out to improve reading skills among third level engineering students at an Egyptian College of Technology where many of them were dissatisfied with existing negative attitudes towards English and the inadequacies of the teaching that they received. A needs analysis was carried out to establish what they and their teachers…

  5. Students Double-Dosing on Reading and Math

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cavanagh, Sean

    2006-01-01

    School officials at a Mount Pleasant High School in Texas, launched an extended-length course venture four years ago in the hope that doubling the amount of class time on core academic subjects would raise student achievement and test scores. Similar strategies are being used in schools across the country, especially in reading and mathematics,…

  6. Reading Strategies among ESL Malaysian Secondary School Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Semtin, Semry Anak; Maniam, Mahendran

    2015-01-01

    This study aimed to investigate the types of cognitive and metacognitive reading strategies employed by secondary school students in Malaysia to improve their comprehension. The study employed a mixed-method approach which involves the instruments of a questionnaire and an interview. This study was conducted at SMK Kapit, involving ninety Form 4…

  7. Reading (through) Bodies: Students' Embodied Performances of Poetry and Testing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kontovourki, Stavroula

    2014-01-01

    This article highlights the complexity of becoming a reader in public school classrooms, by describing the ways students' reading bodies constituted the sites and discursive means for the performance of diverse reader identities. Drawing on sociocultural literacy and post-structural performance theories to suggest the notion of embodied…

  8. First-Year Students Benefit from Reading Primary Research Articles

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wenk, Laura; Tronsky, Loel

    2011-01-01

    Primary research articles discuss aspects of scientific inquiry that are important in understanding the nature of science. Yet, most introductory science courses use textbooks that ignore the scientific process; opportunities for explicit discussion of the nature of science are lost. In Hampshire College's science program, students read current…

  9. "Reading an Object": Developing Effective Scientific Inquiry Using Student Questions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hynes-Berry, Mary; Berry, Gordon

    2014-01-01

    We explore the power of allowing students to construct their own conceptual understanding as they "read an object" in a series of guided inquiry steps, developing their own questions about the object. Their ownership of questions increases the learner's engagement and results in more efficacious learning and meets the standards of…

  10. CAR: A Means for Motivating Students to Read

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Komiyama, Reiko

    2009-01-01

    Reading is an important skill for English language learners in today's world; it supports the development of overall proficiency and provides access to crucial information at work and in school. With English being the dominant language of the Internet, international business, and academia (including science), beginning and advanced students alike…

  11. Systematic Instruction in Reading for Spanish-Speaking Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Duran, Elva; Shefelbine, John; Carnine, Linda; Maldonado-Colon, Elba; Gunn, Barbara

    This book addresses the area of reading and literacy instruction for Spanish-speaking students. Ten chapters focus on the following: (1) "Direct Instruction" (Elva Duran and Douglas Carnine); (2) "Developing the Foundations of Literacy: Oracy" (Elba Maldonado-Colon); (3) "Language Development and Instruction" (Linda Carnine); (4) "Academic…

  12. Measuring and Facilitating Vocabulary Acquisition of Basic Skills Reading Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Snouffer, Nancy Kendall; And Others

    A vocabulary improvement project, comprised of three components, was initiated at Del Mar College (DMC) in Corpus Christi, Texas, in spring 1991. Component 1 consisted of a baseline study of vocabulary knowledge among students in two levels of remedial reading classes. The test instrument measured content-specific vocabulary in English/literature,…

  13. Against Conventional Wisdom: Factors Influencing Hispanic Students' Reading Achievement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Percell, Jay C.; Kaufman, Kristina

    2013-01-01

    The researchers performed a variable analysis of the 2002 Educational Longitudinal Study data investigating factors that influence students' reading scores on standardized tests. Hispanic and non-Hispanic Scores were analyzed and controlling variables were compared to determine the effect of each on both populations. Certain variables commonly…

  14. Student Choice and Reading in the EFL Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arguelles Alvarez, Irina

    2012-01-01

    This paper deals with the role of both the teacher and the student when choosing materials for the course, more specifically, with the selection of books for extensive reading. Although carried out in a first year tertiary education level, the results of this small scale study could be a good starting point for reflection in previous secondary and…

  15. Encourage Students to Read through the Use of Data Visualization

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bandeen, Heather M.; Sawin, Jason E.

    2012-01-01

    Instructors are always looking for new ways to engage students in reading assignments. The authors present a few techniques that rely on a web-based data visualization tool called Wordle (wordle.net). Wordle creates word frequency representations called word clouds. The larger a word appears within a cloud, the more frequently it occurs within a…

  16. Survey of What Secondary Teachers Read Aloud to Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carneal, Ann; Bohning, Gerry

    Prompted by the fact that short and interesting materials suitable for reading aloud to secondary school students are difficult to find, a survey was conducted to compile a list of such materials for dissemination. The 260 respondents included secondary school teachers in all curriculum areas. Results indicated that half the respondents read…

  17. Potential Nutrition Messages in Magazines Read by College Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hertzler, Ann A.; Grun, Ingolf

    1990-01-01

    Surveyed advertisements in magazines read by college students in nutrition class for hidden food and nutrition messages. Hidden messages for females could imply beauty through fashion products, beauty aids, and supplements but with nutrition slimming plan. Males may be receiving subtle message that food choices do not matter and that alcohol and…

  18. Emotionally Intelligent Interventions for Students with Reading Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pellitteri, John; Dealy, Michael; Fasano, Charles; Kugler, John

    2006-01-01

    The construct of emotional intelligence provides a framework for understanding emotional processes in students with reading disabilities. The components of emotional intelligence include the perception of emotions, emotional facilitation of thinking, emotional knowledge, and emotional regulation. This article examines underlying affective…

  19. Assessing Reading Strategies of Engineering Students: Think Aloud Approach

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nalliveettil, George Mathew

    2014-01-01

    Literacy in reading and understanding printed words is significant for all undergraduate students to succeed in their academic career. Developments in digital technology improved the quality of academic texts in terms of design, format and layout. Further, availability of academic related English language resources in electronic versions gave…

  20. Comparison of Reading Intervention Approaches for Students with Mild Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marston, Douglas; And Others

    1995-01-01

    Research-based reading interventions (peer tutoring, reciprocal teaching, effective teaching principles, computer-aided instruction, and two direct instruction models) were implemented by 37 special-education resource teachers working with 176 elementary school students with mild disabilities. The computer-assisted, reciprocal, and direct…

  1. Reading Aloud Activity in L2 and Cerebral Activation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Takeuchi, Osamu; Ikeda, Maiko; Mizumoto, Atsushi

    2012-01-01

    This article explores the cerebral mechanism of reading aloud activities in L2 learners. These activities have been widely used in L2 learning and teaching, and its effect has been reported in various Asian L2 learning contexts. However, the reasons for its effectiveness have not been examined. In order to fill in this gap, two studies using a…

  2. Readings: Developing Arts Programs for Handicapped Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kearns, Lola H., Ed.; And Others

    The 23 papers were written by staff and consultants of the Arts in Special Education Project of Pennsylvania, a program to provide assistance to educators in the development of appropriate quality arts programing for handicapped students. After two overview papers, the papers are grouped by category--art, dance, drama, and music. Papers have the…

  3. Russia [Teachers Guide and Student Readings].

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Allegheny County Schools, Pittsburgh, PA. Intercultural Understanding Project.

    This teaching unit, one of a series of curriculum guides on different world areas for use at the secondary level, treats the culture and history of Russia, oftentimes comparing it with that of the United States. Major teaching objectives are to have students compare and contrast basic geographic, cultural, and historical information on Russia and…

  4. Dark Themes in Books Get Students Reading

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Manzo, Kathleen Kennedy

    2007-01-01

    Chanelle Brown has not found much she can relate to in the classic texts assigned in her English classes at Evanston Township High School. A top student, the junior has toiled through "The Odyssey," "All the King's Men," "The Scarlet Letter," and other standards, she said, while many of her classmates at the suburban Chicago school have given up…

  5. The Use of Repeated Reading with Computer Modeling to Promote Reading Fluency with Students Who Have Physical Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Coleman, Mari Beth; Heller, Kathryn Wolff

    2010-01-01

    The ability to read fluently is a critical skill that allows the reader to concentrate on the meaning of the text. It also can contribute to a successful reading experience. However, students with physical disabilities may have difficulty reading fluently due to any number of functional, psychosocial, or environmental factors that can accompany a…

  6. Effects of the Wisconsin Reading Design Comprehension Program on Reading Achievement and Self-Concept of Sixth Grade Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Negley, Sandra Anne

    The main purpose of this study was to determine and describe the effects of the comprehension component of the criterion-referenced reading program, Wisconsin Design for Reading Skills Development (WDRSD), on reading achievement and self-concept of sixth-grade students. Parametric techniques were employed in a quasi-experimental study involving 44…

  7. An Examination of the Effect of Customized Reading Modules on Diverse Secondary Students' Reading Comprehension and Motivation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cuevas, Joshua A.; Russell, Roxanne L.; Irving, Miles A.

    2012-01-01

    This research sought to add to a body of knowledge that is severely underrepresented in the scientific literature, the effects of technological tools on reading comprehension and reading motivation in diverse secondary students from lower socioeconomic backgrounds. The study implemented an independent silent reading (ISR) program across a 5-month…

  8. Today's Students, Tomorrow's Citizens: Pathways for Learning, Language and Reading Comprehension. Alabama High School Graduation Exam.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alabama State Dept. of Education, Montgomery.

    This document is designed to assist classroom teachers in preparing students to complete successfully the "Alabama High School Graduation Exam" (AHSGE). The document describes the content for the language and reading comprehension portion of the AHSGE. The teaching strategies, activities, and resources contained in the document were developed to…

  9. Literacy from A to Z: Engaging Students in Reading, Writing, Speaking and Listening

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blackburn, Barbara R.

    2008-01-01

    This book offers strategies, activities, and tools to help teachers and reading specialists teach elementary and middle school students to become better readers, writers, speakers, and listeners. Written in a lively and accessible style with one chapter for each letter of the alphabet, the book offers practical advice and fully realized examples…

  10. Reading Success for All Students: Using Formative Assessment to Guide Instruction and Intervention

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gunning, Thomas G.

    2011-01-01

    This vital resource offers classroom teachers and literacy coaches practical assessments that can be used to evaluate key areas in students' reading performance. These assessments will provide information that can be directly used for planning instruction. Specific instructional techniques and activities are linked to each of the assessments so…

  11. The Effect of Semantic Feature Analysis on the Reading Comprehension of Learning Disabled Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anders, Patricia L.

    A study investigated whether semantic feature analysis (SFA) significantly improves the content related vocabulary knowledge and reading comprehension of adolescent, learning disabled readers. SFA is a set of vocabulary development activities designed to help students categorize vocabulary words and compare related ideas. Subjects, 62 learning…

  12. Impact of Attending Jump Start Literacy Camp on Reading Achievement among Third and Fourth Grade Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Padgett, Carrie B.

    2010-01-01

    The Jump Start Literacy Camp was developed as a means to combat summer learning loss. The camp utilized high-energy activities to target phonemic awareness, phonics, vocabulary, fluency, and comprehension. This study examined the effects of the Jump Start Literacy Camp on reading achievement for rising third and fourth grade students in an urban…

  13. After-School Tutoring for Reading Achievement and Urban Middle School Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nelson-Royes, Andrea M.; Reglin, Gary L.

    2011-01-01

    This research study's purpose or theme was to qualitatively investigate the reading component of a private after-school tutoring program that offered academic assistance to eighth-grade students. The problem with reading is many urban middle school students have poor reading skills and do not perform well on reading standardized tests. Relative to…

  14. Assisting a Struggling Turkish Student with a Repeated Reading Fluency Intervention

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yildirim, Kasim; Ritz, Elizabeth; Akyol, Hayati; Rasinski, Timothy

    2015-01-01

    One of the most important aims of teaching reading is to help students acquire fluent reading skills. With this aim in mind, this study attempted to support a student with difficulty to become a fluent reader by improving his reading skills using a fluency instruction method called repeated reading. This study was performed with an elementary…

  15. Use of an E-Reader as a Compensatory Strategy among University Students with Reading Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tanners, Adam

    2010-01-01

    This study investigated the impact of a Kindle e-book reader on the reading rate, comprehension and e-reader acceptance of five postsecondary students with reading disabilities. A single-case Alternating Treatments Design was employed to measure reading rates and reading comprehension. Students were exposed to a series of controlled reading…

  16. Exploring Reading Comprehension Needs of Iranian EAP Students of Health Information Management (HIM): A Triangulated Approach

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Atai, Mahmood Reza; Nazari, Ogholgol

    2011-01-01

    Discipline-based English for Academic Purposes (EAP) reading programs in Iran are designed to fill the gap between the students' general English reading competence and their ability to read authentic discipline-specific texts. This study attempted to assess target and present reading comprehension needs of EAP students of Health Information…

  17. The Effect of Reading Proficiency on Student Success in Online Credit Recovery Programs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Palisoc, Randolph P.

    2013-01-01

    This qualitative study applied the theory that reading skills are predictive of high school graduation to examine the impact that reading proficiency has on student success in online credit recovery programs for credit deficient students, many of whom struggle with reading. Since reading proficiency impacts academic achievement in general, this…

  18. Student Activities. Managing Liability.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bennett, Barbara; And Others

    This monograph suggests ways that college or university administrations can undertake a systematic and careful review of the risks posed by students' activities. Its purpose is to provide guidance in integrating the risk management process into a school's existing approaches to managing student organizations and activities. It is noted that no…

  19. Improving Elementary Students' Engagement during Independent Reading through Teacher Conferencing, Teacher Modeling, and Student Choice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carey, Jenna L.; Howard, Cameron C.; Leftwich, Rebecca J.

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this action research project report was to increase engagement during independent reading for 32 fourth-grade students and 26 seventh-grade science students. At Site A, data was collected from August 27, 2012 through December 14, 2012. At Site B, data was collected from September 24, 2012 through December 14, 2012. Students'…

  20. The Effect of Reciprocal Teaching Plus across Three Content Areas on Reading Comprehension in Seventh and Eighth Grade Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hancock, Jack William

    2012-01-01

    Evidence suggests that middle school students are spending insufficient school time in reading and writing activities, with little comprehensive literacy training from their teachers. To address that gap in practice, this quasi-experimental study addressed the impact of a 12-week treatment program on the reading comprehension and vocabulary mean…

  1. Does Practice Make Perfect? Independent Reading Quantity, Quality and Student Achievement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Topping, K. J.; Samuels, J.; Paul, T.

    2007-01-01

    Does reading practice make perfect? Or is reading achievement related to the quality of practice as well as the quantity? To answer these questions, data on 45,670 students in grades 1-12 who read over 3 million books were analyzed. Measures largely of quantity (engaged reading volume) and purely of quality (success in reading comprehension)…

  2. Teaching Students with Reading Difficulties to Be Close Readers: A Feasibility Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Katz, Lauren A.; Carlisle, Joanne F.

    2009-01-01

    Purpose: This article describes a program that was designed to help upper elementary students read and understand words as they read texts independently. As a first step in helping middle-to-upper elementary children with mild-to-moderate language and/or reading difficulties engage in textual analysis during reading, the Close Reading program…

  3. A Model Critical Reading Lesson for Secondary High-Risk Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haney, Gail; Thistlethwaite, Linda

    1991-01-01

    This article defines critical reading, discusses associated frameworks, and lists considerations for choosing topics and reading materials. A sample critical reading lesson using a "mapping" approach with a reading on euthanasia demonstrates guiding secondary learning-disabled students in critical reading. (DB)

  4. Constructing Complexity: Using Reading Levels to Differentiate Reading Comprehension Activities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    FitzPatrick, Declan

    2008-01-01

    The author remembers a class when he asked his students to discuss in small groups how Edgar Allan Poe suggests a judgment of the main character in "The Cask of Amontillado". During their discussion it became clear to the author that the students couldn't come to consensus because they had no grasp of the narrator's explanations of his motivations…

  5. Reading Achievement, Attitude toward Reading, and Reading Self-Esteem of Historically Low Achieving Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kaniuka, Theodore S.

    2010-01-01

    The main purpose of schools is to improve the academic performance of all students and more recently with special regard to those that have historically struggled to meet state achievement goals. In an effort to attain these goals, educators have utilized many approaches including enhancing student self-esteem as a precursor to improving the…

  6. Effect of Screen Reading and Reading from Printed Out Material on Student Success and Permanency in Introduction to Computer Lesson

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tuncer, Murat; Bahadir, Ferdi

    2014-01-01

    In this study, the effect of screen reading and reading from printed out material on student success and permanency in Introduction to Computer Lesson is investigated. Study group of the research consists of 78 freshman students registered in Erzincan University Refahiye Vocational School Post Service department. Study groups of research consist…

  7. Reading Performance of Elementary Students: Results of a Five-Year Longitudinal Study of Direct Reading Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thames, Dana; Kazelskis, Richard; Kazelskis, Carolyn Reeves

    2006-01-01

    The purpose of this longitudinal study was to explore the impact of a direct reading instruction program, "Reading Mastery (RM)," on literacy performance of students over a five-year period. Initially, 700 students in grades K-3 were randomly selected from six elementary schools to participate in the study; an additional 100 randomly-selected…

  8. Item-Level Effects of the Read-Aloud Accommodation for Students with Reading Disabilities. Synthesis Report 65

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bolt, Sara E.; Thurlow, Martha L.

    2006-01-01

    Research support for providing a read-aloud accommodation (i.e., having an individual read test items and directions aloud) to students with disabilities has been somewhat limited, particularly when merely examining effects of the accommodation on overall test scores for general groups of students with disabilities. The authors examined data on…

  9. Impacts of a Reading Recovery Intervention on the Reading Achievement of Low-Income Students on a Standardized Examination

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gardner, Crystal Dannette

    2010-01-01

    Over the past two decades numerous studies have been done on the reading behavior of students from a content perspective as well as a program perspective (Deshler, 2001). However, very little research has been done on the retention of knowledge gained during reading interventions put in place to rectify situations in which students have not met…

  10. The Role of Reading Disability Risk and Environmental Protective Factors in Students' Reading Fluency in Grade 4

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kiuru, Noona; Lerkkanen, Marja-Kristiina; Niemi, Pekka; Poskiparta, Elisa; Ahonen, Timo; Poikkeus, Anna-Maija; Nurmi, Jari-Erik

    2013-01-01

    This study examined the role of reading disability (RD) risk and environmental protective factors in reading fluency in grade 4. The sample consisted of 538 Finnish-speaking students. Kindergarten measures included the students' risk for RD based on poor achievement in phonological awareness and letter knowledge as well as information on the…

  11. Understanding the Divergent Influences of Reading Activities on the Comprehension of Short Stories

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Erten, Ismail Hakki; Karakas, Müge

    2007-01-01

    This study aims at understanding how the use of different reading activities affects readers' comprehension of short stories. Forty-seven students with an advanced level of English proficiency participated in the study where a quasi-experimental research design was pursued. The experimental and control groups of students completed different sets…

  12. On-Screen versus On-Paper Reading: Students' Strategy Usage and Preferences

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hamer, Arden B.; McGrath, Jane L.

    2011-01-01

    Reading professionals at the college level have long taught their students multiple and varied strategies to master textbook reading and learning. Students are continuously encouraged to adapt their strategies to the discipline and the type of text they are reading. Now that students have the option to complete at least a portion of their academic…

  13. The Collaboration Model and Reading Improvement of High School Students with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sacchetto, Jorge A.

    2014-01-01

    In the field of reading research, studies focusing on improvement of a high school student's reading achievements are lacking. Collaborative interventions for reading instruction are useful and more prevalent for elementary age students but not high school students. Therefore, there remains an important gap in the current literature regarding…

  14. Reading Disabilities of Chinese Elementary School Students: Beyond the Phonological Deficits of Single-Character Identification

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jin, Hua; Lin, Dan; Zhang, Dake; Wen, Hongbo; Zhu, Huohong; He, Xianyou; Mo, Lei

    2010-01-01

    This study investigated the contributions of single-word identification and compound word categorization to Chinese students' reading achievement among 31 students with reading difficulties and 20 students without reading difficulties. The results suggested that, deficiency in single characters identification is not the primarily reason for…

  15. The First "R": Evidence-Based Reading Instruction for Students with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ritchey, Kristen D.

    2011-01-01

    Students with learning disabilities (LD) represent a significant proportion of students enrolled in U.S. schools. Research suggests that students with LD in reading benefit from specialized reading instruction, and effective reading instruction can be characterized as explicit, intensive, and systematic. Examples of evidence-based interventions…

  16. A Model of Reading Teaching for University EFL Students: Need Analysis and Model Design

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hamra, Arifuddin; Syatriana, Eny

    2012-01-01

    This study designed a model of teaching reading for university EFL students based on the English curriculum at the Faculty of Languages and Literature and the concept of the team-based learning in order to improve the reading comprehension of the students. What kind of teaching model can help students to improve their reading comprehension? The…

  17. Patterns of Self-Efficacy among College Students in Developmental Reading

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cantrell, Susan Chambers; Correll, Pamela; Clouse, Jane; Creech, Kimberly; Bridges, Sharon; Owens, Danielle

    2013-01-01

    In this study, we investigated the self-efficacy beliefs and sources of self-efficacy among first-year college students placed in developmental reading courses. Students enrolled in developmental reading were compared to students who were not placed in developmental reading courses in terms of self-efficacy in various contexts and sources of…

  18. Corrective Reading as a Supplementary Curriculum for Students with Emotional and Behavioral Disorders

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McDaniel, Sara C.; Houchins, David E.; Terry, Nicole P.

    2013-01-01

    Reading deficits among students with emotional and behavioral disorders (E/BD) are well documented. One approach to addressing these deficits has been providing students with intensive and explicit reading instruction. In this study, 31 students with E/BD and reading deficits in self-contained settings were provided with 8 weeks of…

  19. The Current State of Motivation to Read among Middle School Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kelley, Michelle J.; Decker, Emmeline O.

    2009-01-01

    This study examined middle school students' motivation to read using an adapted version of the Motivation to Read Profile (MRP) Survey. The MRP is comprised of items assessing students' self-concepts as readers and their value of reading. In total, 1080 sixth-, seventh-, and eighth-grade students responded. Descriptive and inferential statistics…

  20. Effects of Verbal Modality on Principle Learning for Vocational Students with Different Levels of Reading Ability.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lash, Neil A.

    To determine the effect of two verbal formats (aural and visual) on learning time and performance when the instructional objective was principle learning, a standardized reading test was administered to 115 male vocational students in Grades 10-12, and 15 high reading ability students and 15 low reading ability students were randomly assigned to…

  1. The Effects of Guided Reading Instruction on the Reading Comprehension and Reading Attitudes of Fourth-Grade At-Risk Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bruce, Laquanda T.

    2010-01-01

    America's public schools have faced challenges in educating students, particularly those identified as at risk. According to the No Child Left Behind Act, nearly 70% of 4th grade students are unable to perform on a basic level on national reading tests. The research problem in this study addressed the significance of guided reading instruction,…

  2. Effect of Repeated Reading and Self-Directed Behavior on Reading Skills and Generalization of the Reading Skills of Third-Grade Hill Tribe Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Compan, Boonlert; Iamsupasit, Sompoch; Samuels, Jay

    A study tested a method for developing reading fluency with third-grade Hill Tribe children in a welfare school in Chiang Mai, a city located in northern Thailand. Most of the students were bilingual, speaking their native tongues and Thai, their second language. Only 18.7% of the Hill Tribe population can read Thai, and many students fail to…

  3. A comparison of literature-based and content-based guided reading materials on elementary student reading and science achievement

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Guns, Christine

    Guided reading, as developed by Fountas and Pinnell (2001), has been a staple of elementary reading programs for the past decade. Teachers in the elementary school setting utilize this small group, tailored instruction in order to differentiate and meet the instructional needs of the students. The literature shows academic benefit for students who have special needs, such as learning disabilities, autism, and hearing impairments but consideration of academic impact has not been investigated for regular education students. The purpose of this quasi-experimental study was to investigate the academic impact of the use of content-related (Group C) and the traditional literature-based (Group L) reading materials. During the Living Systems and Life Processes unit in science, two teachers self-selected to utilized science-related materials for guided reading instruction while the other three teacher participants utilized their normal literature-based guided reading materials. The two groups were compared using an ANCOVA in this pre-test/post-test design. The dependent variables included the Reading for Application and Instruction assessment (RAI) and a Living Systems and Life Processes assessment (LSA). Further analysis compared students of different reading levels and gender. The data analyses revealed a practical but not statistical significance for students in science performance. It was discovered that below level male and female students performed better on the LSA when provided with content-related guided reading materials. As far as reading achievement is concerned, students in both groups had comparable results. The teachers provided guided reading instruction to their students with fidelity and made adjustments to their practices due to the needs of their students. The content-related teachers utilized a larger number of expository texts than the literature-based teachers. These teachers expressed the desire to continue the practice of providing the students with

  4. College Textbook Reading Assignments and Class Time Activity

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aagaard, Lola; Conner, Timothy W., II; Skidmore, Ronald L.

    2010-01-01

    It has been reported (Lei, Barlett, Gorney, & Herschbach, 2010; Sikorski et al., 2002) that only a minority of college students actually read the course textbook or other assigned readings in preparation for examinations. Suggested strategies to remedy this situation include quizzes (Ruscio, 2001; Ryan, 2006), study worksheets (Aagaard &…

  5. Reading to Learn

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Herman, Phillip; Wardrip, Peter

    2012-01-01

    Science teachers expect high school students to know how to read, understand, and learn from texts at the core of the curriculum. But though students learn to read in grade school, many do not know how to "read to learn" science. And science teachers are often too busy teaching science to actively help students increase their science reading…

  6. Reading Habits of Senegalese Adults and College Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scales, Alice M.; Burley, JoAnne E.

    1984-01-01

    Discusses factors contributing to high level of illiteracy in Senegal. Reports on study of Senegalese reading habits--participants enjoy reading, read newspapers often, would like to read better, and would take reading improvement courses if they were offered. (CMG)

  7. Reading under the skin: physiological activation during reading in children with dyslexia and typical readers.

    PubMed

    Tobia, Valentina; Bonifacci, Paola; Ottaviani, Cristina; Borsato, Thomas; Marzocchi, Gian Marco

    2016-07-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate physiological activation during reading and control tasks in children with dyslexia and typical readers. Skin conductance response (SCR) recorded during four tasks involving reading aloud, reading silently, and describing illustrated stories aloud and silently was compared for children with dyslexia (n = 16) and a control group of typical readers (n = 16). Children's school wellness was measured through self- and parent-proxy reports. Significantly lower SCR was found for dyslexic children in the reading-aloud task, compared to the control group, whereas all participants showed similar physiological reactions to the other experimental conditions. SCR registered during reading tasks correlated with "Child's emotional difficulties," as reported by parents. Possible interpretations of the lower activation during reading aloud in dyslexic children are discussed. PMID:26271916

  8. Student Voices: The Literacy Histories of Developmental Reading Students in a South Texas College

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ready, Arlene; Parson, Paula

    2007-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to develop a profile of the literacy histories of developmental reading students enrolled in a South Texas college. A literacy history questionnaire was used to collect written responses regarding the students' early literacy experiences prior to entering the college setting. Analysis of the written responses…

  9. Reading Comprehension Difficulties among Students with Disabilities and Students At-Risk

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blinkhorn, Donna L.

    2009-01-01

    The quantitative method and quasi-experimental design examined the effects of multimodal-multisensory instructional strategies (MMIS) on vocabulary acquisition and reading comprehension among students at-risk and students with disabilities in an inclusive environment. To discover the efficacy of multimodal-multisensory instructional strategies,…

  10. Examining Sixth Grade Students' Reading Attitudes and Perceptions of Teacher Read Aloud: Are All Students on the Same Page?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clark, Sarah K.; Andreasen, Lindi

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this embedded mixed methods study was to examine how sixth graders with high and low reading attitudes perceive teacher read aloud. We utilized quantitative data by surveying sixth graders (N = 87) about their reading attitudes and then collected qualitative data by interviewing five students, interviewing the teacher, conducting…

  11. The Effects of Student and Text Characteristics on the Oral Reading Fluency of Middle-Grade Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barth, Amy E.; Tolar, Tammy D.; Fletcher, Jack M.; Francis, David

    2014-01-01

    We evaluated the effects of student characteristics (sight word reading efficiency, phonological decoding, verbal knowledge, level of reading ability, grade, gender) and text features (passage difficulty, length, genre, and language and discourse attributes) on the oral reading fluency of a sample of middle-school students in Grades 6-8 (N =…

  12. Prevalence of Online Reading among High School Students in Qatar: Evidence from the Programme for International Student Assessment 2009

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cheema, Jehanzeb R.

    2014-01-01

    Recent research has suggested presence of a significant relationship between prevalence of online reading and reading literacy. In this study we examined the prevalence of online reading among 15-year old students in Qatar using a nationally representative sample of 8,089 students. Bivariate and multivariate analyses were conducted at the item and…

  13. Inspiring Curiosity and Enthusiasm for Nonfiction: A Project Designed to Boost Students' Will to Read

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Meth, Jessica Matthews

    2010-01-01

    In her role as supervisor to middle school and high school student teachers, the author has observed dozens of students who avoid reading at every turn. She has also known frustrated teachers, daunted by the challenge of getting student readers up to speed. To better encourage a desire in students to read, she sets out to experiment with themes,…

  14. Increasing Reading Comprehension of Elementary Students through Fluency-Based Interventions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Neumann, Veda S.; Ross, Dorothy K.; Slaboch, Anita F.

    2008-01-01

    The authors of this action research project report implemented oral reading fluency-based interventions for the purpose of improving students' reading comprehension. Six students in grade three, six students in grade five and six students in grade six participated in the study from Monday, August 27 through Friday, December 7, 2007. Researchers…

  15. Student-generated reading questions: diagnosing student thinking with diverse formative assessments.

    PubMed

    Offerdahl, Erika G; Montplaisir, Lisa

    2014-01-01

    Formative assessment has long been identified as a critical element to teaching for conceptual development in science. It is therefore important for university instructors to have an arsenal of formative assessment tools at their disposal which enable them to effectively uncover and diagnose all students' thinking, not just the most vocal or assertive. We illustrate the utility of one type of formative assessment prompt (reading question assignment) in producing high-quality evidence of student thinking (student-generated reading questions). Specifically, we characterized student assessment data using three distinct analytic frames to exemplify their effectiveness in diagnosing student learning in relationship to three sample learning outcomes. Our data will be useful for university faculty, particularly those engaged in teaching upper-level biochemistry courses and their prerequisites, as they provide an alternative mechanism for uncovering and diagnosing student understanding. PMID:24343750

  16. Reading Instruction for Students with Mild Mental Retardation: Is There a Best Approach?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Triller, H. Brian

    This paper reviews what current research says about best practices in reading instruction for students with mild mental retardation. After introducing some key reading issues (such as effects of early reading failure), two principal approaches to reading instruction are discussed: first, the traditional/bottom-up synthetic approach which begins…

  17. University Student Reading Preferences in Relation to the Big Five Personality Dimensions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schutte, Nicola S.; Malouff, John M.

    2004-01-01

    In this study 251 Australian university students, with a mean age of 26.46, indicated their preference for different types of reading material. A subset of 136 participants additionally reported how many hours per week they typically engage in recreational reading and non-recreational reading, indicated their motivation for recreational reading,…

  18. The Effects of Using a Critical Thinking Scoring Rubric to Assess Undergraduate Students' Reading Skills

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leist, Cathy W.; Woolwine, Mark A.; Bays, Cathy L.

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the use of a critical thinking rubric as an assessment of reading achievement for students enrolled in a reading intervention course. A reading prompt and scoring rubric, based on Richard Paul and Linda Elder's critical thinking framework, were created to assess critical reading in an intervention…

  19. Computer Vision Syndrome for Non-Native Speaking Students: What Are the Problems with Online Reading?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tseng, Min-chen

    2014-01-01

    This study investigated the online reading performances and the level of visual fatigue from the perspectives of non-native speaking students (NNSs). Reading on a computer screen is more visually more demanding than reading printed text. Online reading requires frequent saccadic eye movements and imposes continuous focusing and alignment demand.…

  20. Investigating Metacognitive Awareness and Reading Strategy Use of EFL Korean University Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hong-Nam, Kay; Page, Larkin

    2014-01-01

    The metacognitive awareness and reading strategy use by Korean university students in Korea was investigated. The relationships between reading strategy use, self-rated English proficiency, and self-rated reading proficiency were examined. Differences in reading strategy use were also explored by gender and academic classification. Problem-solving…

  1. Effects of the TWA Strategy on Expository Reading Comprehension of Students with Autism

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Howorth, Sarah; Lopata, Christopher; Thomeer, Marcus; Rodgers, Jonathan

    2016-01-01

    High-functioning students with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have been shown to have significant reading comprehension difficulty. This multiple baseline study examined the effect of the think before reading, think while reading, and think after reading (TWA) strategy on expository text comprehension of four boys with ASD. Following baseline,…

  2. Performance of Elementary-Grade African American Students on the Gray Oral Reading Tests

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Craig, Holly K.; Thompson, Connie A.; Washington, Julie A.; Potter, Stephanie L.

    2004-01-01

    Purpose: African American students perform disproportionately more poorly on standardized reading assessments than their majority peers. Poor reading performances may be related to test biases inherent in standardized reading instruments. The purpose of this investigation was to examine the appropriateness of the Gray Oral Reading Tests-Third…

  3. Comprehension Instruction for Students with Reading Disabilities in Grades 4 through 12

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reed, Deborah K.; Vaughn, Sharon

    2012-01-01

    Many students with reading difficulties in grades 4 through 12 experience challenges in understanding and learning from text. Some of these learners have demonstrated reading challenges from the early grades and have not acquired successful reading skills. Others were adequate readers in the early grades when word reading was the focus and when…

  4. Exploring Advanced Piano Students' Approaches to Sight-Reading

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zhukov, Katie

    2014-01-01

    The ability to read music fluently is fundamental for undergraduate music study yet the training of sight-reading is often neglected. This study compares approaches to sight-reading and accompanying by students with extensive sight-reading experience to those with limited experience, and evaluates the importance of this skill to advanced pianists…

  5. The Phenomenology of On-Screen Reading: University Students' Lived Experience of Digitised Text

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rose, Ellen

    2011-01-01

    As reading shifts from the page to the screen, research focuses primarily upon the nature and effects of hypertextual reading. However, many of the texts that university students read for academic purposes are digitised texts that begin life as paper-based books and papers and are read on-screen. Applying the principles and practices of…

  6. Use of the Polygraph to Determine Elementary School Students' Frustration Reading Level. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eckwall, Eldon E.; English, Judy K.

    Using a polygraph to determine the reading frustration level of 62 third-, fourth-, and fifth-grade students, the researchers examined several factors related to reading frustration on informal reading inventories. Two primary concerns of the study were (1) to determine whether factors of intelligence, age, sex, ethnic background, reading level,…

  7. Improving Reading, Writing, and Content Learning for Students in Grades 4-12

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Taylor, Rosemarye T.

    2006-01-01

    In contrast to the primary grades when children are learning to read, students in grades 4 through 12 are expected to learn content as they read, yet they may still struggle with reading basics. This book provides a realistic and systematic process for improving reading and writing while enhancing content knowledge and skills. Based on proven…

  8. Increasing Word Recognition with Racially Diverse Second-Grade Students Using Fluency-Oriented Reading Approaches

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Turner, Franklin Dickerson

    2012-01-01

    The author examined the effectiveness of 2 fluency-oriented reading programs on improving reading fluency for an ethnically diverse sample of second-grade students. The first approach is Fluency-Oriented Reading Instruction (S. A. Stahl & K. Heubach, 2005), which incorporates the repeated reading of a grade-level text over the course of an…

  9. The Use of Pre-Reading Activities in Reading Skills Achievement in Preschool Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Osei, Aboagye Michael; Liang, Qing Jing; Natalia, Ihnatushchenko; Stephen, Mensah Abrampah

    2016-01-01

    Although wealth of empirical researches have covered the impact of crucial, indispensable role reading skills play in the development of individuals' mental faculties through the acquisition of knowledge in a particular language, scientific works on the assessment of the relationship(s) between pre-reading activities (consisting of games, puzzle…

  10. Active Students in Webinars

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kolås, Line; Nordseth, Hugo; Yri, Jørgen Sørlie

    2015-01-01

    To ensure student activity in webinars we have defined 10 learning tasks focusing on production and communication e.g. collaborative writing, discussion and polling, and investigated how the technology supports the learning activities. The three project partners in the VisPed-project use different video-conferencing systems, and we analyzed how it…

  11. How to Tutor Very Young Students with Reading Problems

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Denton, Carolyn; Parker, Richard; Hasbrouck, Jan E.

    2003-01-01

    In recent years, much has been written about effective beginning reading instruction. Most professionals agree that early literacy instruction should include (a) phonemic awareness activities; (b) instruction in letter-sound relationships; (c) instruction in sounding out words and recognizing simple high frequency words at sight, (d) reading…

  12. Do Content Area Passages Affect Student Performance on Reading Comprehension Tests?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peretz, Arna S.

    A study conducted in Israel investigated the relevance of subject-specific reading passages to performance on reading comprehension tests for advanced university students of English as a second language. The research specifically examined (1) whether students performed better when the reading test content was directly related to their field of…

  13. The Relationship between Implementation of Collaborative Strategic Reading and Student Outcomes for Adolescents with Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boardman, Alison; Buckley, Pamela; Maul, Andrew; Vaughn, Sharon

    2014-01-01

    Collaborative Strategic Reading (CSR) is a set of research-based strategies designed to improve reading comprehension, enhance students' content area learning, facilitate access to higher-level texts, and to promote student engagement. The present study examines how fidelity of implementation of CSR is associated with reading outcomes for students…

  14. Effects of Noninformational Color on the Reading Test Performance of Students with and without Attentional Deficits.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zentall, Sydney S.; Grskovic, Janice A.; Javorsky, James; Hall, Arlene M.

    2000-01-01

    A study involving 25 students (grades 3-5) with and without attentional deficits assessed generality to a standardized reading test when noninformational color was added to one of two alternate forms. Students with attentional deficits read as accurately as their classmates with color added and read worse in the black-white condition. (Contains…

  15. Eighth Grade Students' Reading Responses to Encoded Inflectional, Syntactic, Grammatical and Semantic Errors.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williamson, Leon E.; And Others

    A study investigated the reading responses of 60 eighth grade students to encoded inflectional, syntactic, grammatical, and semantic errors. The students were equally divided into three categories based on grade level reading competency and given three Aesopian fables to read. The text of the fables contained the following errors: (1) words to…

  16. The Collaboration Model and Reading Improvement of High School Students with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sacchetto, Jorge A.

    2014-01-01

    In the field of reading research, studies that focus on improving the reading achievement of high school students with learning disabilities are lacking. Although collaborative interventions for elementary age students have been shown to be effective, a gap exists in the current research regarding effective collaborative reading interventions for…

  17. Evaluation of Synchronous Online Tutoring for Students at Risk of Reading Failure

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vasquez, Eleazar, III; Slocum, Timothy A.

    2012-01-01

    This study examined the effects of online reading instruction for at-risk fourth-grade students in Philadelphia. The authors used a multiple baseline design to assess the extent to which the students increased their oral reading rate given systematic supplemental online reading instruction. Tutoring consisted of 4 sessions per week with 50-min…

  18. Student Reading Achievement on the Rise: Integration of Classworks Software with Technology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Young, Janice L.

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to test the theoretical perspective that related Classworks (2008) technology to reading achievement of fourth grade students to determine if a significant difference existed in student reading achievement between the supplemental uses of Classworks software reading program to that of standard classroom instruction.…

  19. Hypermedia Reading Strategies Used by Persian Graduate Students in TEFL: A Think-Aloud Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ketabi, Saeed; Ghavamnia, Maedeh; Rezazadeh, Mohsen

    2012-01-01

    This study investigated the cognitive strategies used by Persian EFL (English as a foreign language) graduate students while reading a hypermedia text. Prior to the start of the study, the Nelson-Denny Reading Test was used in order to measure the reading ability of the students. Data was collected through think-aloud protocols, and the strategies…

  20. Reading Attitudes of Middle School Students: Results of a U.S. Survey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McKenna, Michael C.; Conradi, Kristin; Lawrence, Camille; Jang, Bong Gee; Meyer, J. Patrick

    2012-01-01

    To examine the current state of reading attitudes among middle school students in the United States, a survey was developed and administered to 4,491 students in 23 states plus the District of Columbia. The instrument comprised four subscales measuring attitudes toward: recreational reading in print settings, recreational reading in digital…

  1. Effects of Explicit Timing on Elementary Students' Oral Reading Rates of Word Phrases

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cates, Gary L.; Rhymer, Katrina N.

    2006-01-01

    An ABAB withdrawal design was used to investigate the effects of explicit timing on accurate oral reading rate of sight word phrases of four elementary students demonstrating difficulty with reading. During baseline the students were exposed to flash cards with sight word phrases and asked to read them out loud and were not made aware that they…

  2. Effects of Intensive Reading Intervention for Eighth-Grade Students with Persistently Inadequate Response to Intervention

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vaughn, Sharon; Wexler, Jade; Leroux, Audrey; Roberts, Greg; Denton, Carolyn; Barth, Amy; Fletcher, Jack

    2012-01-01

    The authors report the effects of a yearlong, very small-group, intensive reading intervention for eighth-grade students with serious reading difficulties who had demonstrated low response to intervention (RTI) in both Grades 6 and 7. At the beginning of Grade 6, a cohort of students identified as having reading difficulties were randomized to…

  3. Stimulus Pairing Training for Kanji Reading Skills in Students with Developmental Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Omori, Mikimasa; Yamamoto, Jun-ichi

    2013-01-01

    Japanese students with developmental disabilities often exhibit difficulties in reading, particularly in Kanji (ideogram) reading, and in acquiring the equivalence relations between pictures, written words, and sounds. Previous research suggested that one student with autism could acquire Kanji reading along with equivalence relations through…

  4. Uncovering Reading Habits of University Students in Uganda: Does ICT Matter?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mlay, Samali V.; Sabi, Humphrey M.; Tsuma, Clive K.; Langmia, Kehbuma

    2015-01-01

    This paper investigates how Information and Communication Technology (ICT) can improve reading habits among university students. We also investigated the influence of home culture, school culture and disposable income on reading habit. Our main objective was to assess the effect of ICT on the reading habit of particularly university students in…

  5. Exploring the Relationship between Literacy Coaching and Student Reading Achievement in Grades K-1

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Elish-Piper, Laurie; L'Allier, Susan K.

    2010-01-01

    This study explored the relationship between literacy coaching and student reading achievement in grades K-1 in a school district that received a Reading First grant. The study analyzed how literacy coaches spent their time and explored the relationship between the amount and content of coaching and student reading achievement at the teacher level…

  6. UAE University Male Students' Interests Impact on Reading and Writing Performance and Improvement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Al Murshidi, Ghadah

    2014-01-01

    The study examined the impact of the conjunction of structured journal writing and reading for pleasure on students' reading and writing skills. Forty male students from UAE University participated in the study. The participants are of different academic abilities, majors and nationalities. Many of them have little experience with reading for…

  7. A Comparative Analysis of English and Spanish Reading Performance of Mexican American Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cervantes, Robert A.; Bernal, Helen Hazuda

    A South Texas survey conducted in 1975 investigated the reading performance of Mexican American students enrolled in a bilingual program to determine whether or not students achieved significantly different reading scores on parallel Spanish and English versions of an appropriate test (Guidance Testing Associates Inter-American Test of Reading).…

  8. The Impact of Accelerated Reader (AR) Program on Students' MCT Reading Scores

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Kenyartic LeWon

    2010-01-01

    This study was needed to determine if the Accelerated Reader (AR) program made a positive impact in schools, which were attempting to increase student achievement in reading. The purpose of this study was to determine if students who received reading instruction supplemented with the AR Program achieved higher reading scores as measured by the…

  9. The Reading Behavior of Junior Secondary Students during School Holidays in Botswana

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arua, Arua E.; Arua, Comfort E.

    2011-01-01

    Botswana's reading culture has captured the attention of reading experts in the country for more than two decades. The survey reported in this article involved 121 junior students (aged 12 to 15 years) from two private and two government-aided secondary schools. The results indicate that a majority of the students read during school holidays; that…

  10. Personal Programming: Customizing Accelerated Reader Helps Delsea Regional High School Encourage Student Reading

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moyer, Mary; Williams, Melissa

    2011-01-01

    The importance of reading is evident in every aspect of schooling and affects all areas of a student's daily life. At Delsea Regional High School in Franklinville, New Jersey, teachers (along with the school librarian) work to alter students' feelings about reading by using a variety of reading programs including the computerized reading…

  11. Improving Reading Skills in ESL Students through an Intensive Vocabulary Building Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gaudio, Vince

    This report describes a program for improving the reading skills of English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) students. The targeted population consists of 19 ESL students, ranging in age from 7-10 years, in a western suburb of a large metropolitan city in Illinois. The problem of poor reading ability was documented through low reading scores on the STAR…

  12. Escape from the Twilight Zone: Reading and Writing with "At Risk" Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Henly, Carolyn Powell

    1992-01-01

    Discusses how science fiction can be used as a part of the reading for students who may not like reading and writing. Details a course for at-risk students involving an independent reading project, an original short story, a group movie project, and a daily journal. (PRA)

  13. Extracurricular Reading Habits of College Students in Taiwan: Findings from Two National Surveys

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chen, Su-Yen

    2007-01-01

    The Chinese people have great regard for those who read widely, yet little is known of the extracurricular reading behaviors of Chinese students. This study drew on data from two national surveys to investigate the amount of time Taiwanese college students spend on extracurricular reading. Findings are interpreted in relation to prior research on…

  14. Increasing Reading Motivation in Elementary and Middle School Students through the Use of Multiple Intelligences

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Buschick, Mary E.; Shipton, Tracey A.; Winner, Laurie M.; Wise, Melissa D.

    2007-01-01

    The problem is that with each passing year it becomes increasingly harder to maintain student motivation to read and improve reading comprehension. The purpose of this project was to increase reading motivation in elementary and middle school students through the use of multiple intelligences. This project was conducted by four teacher researchers…

  15. Getting Students to Read: Anticipation Guides as Tools to Encourage Engagement with Academic Texts

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kaback, Suzanne

    2012-01-01

    Supporting the reading development of college students is the responsibility of all professors. As experts in the field, with experience navigating and interpreting readings in a particular discipline, professors are obligated to think of themselves as master artisans apprenticing their students to the craft of reading. Texts in all subject areas…

  16. The Implementation of a Reading Recovery Program for At-Risk First-Grade Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Daniels, Angie L.

    2010-01-01

    This 8-week case study involved evaluating the impact of the Reading Recovery intervention program on students with reading difficulties. The participants of this case study were 2 at-risk first-grade students selected for participation in the Reading Recovery program, which provided 30 minutes daily of one-on-one instruction. This study employed…

  17. "You Are Asking Me to Do More than Just Read a Book": Student Reading in a General Literature Course

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Amicucci, Ann N.; Williamson, Michael M.; DeCapua, Sarah E.; Hrebik, John R.

    2015-01-01

    In this article, the authors discuss the results of a study of student reading in a general literature course at a mid-sized state university. Data collection and analysis included 216 samples of student writing from four sections of the course and interviews with six teachers of the course. Results indicate that when students chooses texts to…

  18. Encountering Student Texts: Interpretive Issues in Reading Student Writing.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lawson, Bruce, Ed.; And Others

    Designed to raise the full range of hermeneutic concerns regarding evaluation of student writing, and to spur further research and discussion, this collection of essays focuses on a reconsideration of the interpretation and evaluation practices of writing teachers. Essays include: "A Reflective Conversation: 'Tempos of Meaning'" (Margaret Himley);…

  19. Learning to Read Against All Odds: Using Precision Reading to Enhance Literacy in Students with Cognitive Impairments, Extreme Academic Deficits, and Severe Social, Emotional, and Psychiatric Problems

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Freeze, Rick; Cook, Paula

    2005-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to assess the efficacy and practicality of precision reading, a constructive reading intervention, with students with cognitive impairments, extreme academic deficits in reading, and severe social, emotional, and psychiatric problems. As precision reading had shown promise with students with low achievement, learning…

  20. Factors Predicting READ 180 18-Week Grades among Middle School Students: The Role of Self-Efficacy, Ethnicity, Reading and Language Skills and Socioeconomic Indicators

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Rhonda M.

    2014-01-01

    Middle school students who struggle in reading are likely to also experience difficulty in their other subjects in school. A variety of reading intervention programs exist for schools to utilize to increase reading comprehension. The Scholastic READ 180 program is used as part of this study. This small, focused study of 160 students examined the…

  1. The Need for Comparison Studies of College Students' Reading Gains in Developmental Reading Programs Using General and Specific Levels of Diagnosis.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Flippo, Rona F.

    A study was conducted to measure the effect and compare the results of developmental reading instruction for college students as prescribed from the specific results of a diagnostic reading test and a general, more traditionally used, survey reading test. The sample consisted of 226 students enrolled in different sections of a reading course…

  2. The Effect of Two Reading Programs on Grade 1 Students' Oral Reading Fluency

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hardy, Susie

    2010-01-01

    The National Reading Panel has identified 5 essential components of reading instruction, all of which are needed to achieve the complex skill of reading, one of which is oral reading fluency (ORF). The Alabama Reading Initiative endorses teaching a scientifically research-based reading program to fidelity to raise ORF scores. In a rural Alabama…

  3. "I Can Read Accurately but Can't Understand the Text Read": The Effects of Using a Reading Intervention on Fifth-Grade Students' "Word Callers" Reading Comprehension Achievement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grant, Christina E.

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of an intervention of five researched reading strategies on fifth-grade students' "word callers" reading achievement. Twenty-one fifth-grade students attending elementary schools in midwestern United States participated in this study. Students were randomly assigned to either the…

  4. Computer-Based Reading Programs: A Preliminary Investigation of Two Parent Implemented Programs with Students At-Risk for Reading Failure

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pindiprolu, Sekhar S.; Forbush, David

    2009-01-01

    In 2000, National Reading Panelists (NRP) reported that computer delivered reading instruction has potential for promoting the reading skills of students at-risk for reading failure. However, panelists also noted a scarcity of data present in the literature on the effects of computer-based reading instruction. This preliminary investigation…

  5. The Relationship of Supplemental Reading Services and the Reading Achievement Scores of First and Second Grade Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Porter, Debra G.

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this project was to determine the relationship supplemental reading services had on first and second grade students who were identified in need of intervention services. Participants were from three elementary schools. Two of the schools received funding through Title I. The third school's supplemental reading services were funded…

  6. The Effects of Syllable-Awareness Skills on the Word-Reading Performances of Students Reading in a Transparent Orthography

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Güldenoglu, Birkan

    2016-01-01

    The present study investigates the effects of syllable awareness on the word-reading process of students reading in a highly transparent orthography (Turkish). The participants were 90 second graders belonging to one of two distinct levels of syllable-awareness skills (50 with poor syllable-awareness skills and 40 with proficient…

  7. The Effects and Interactions of Student, Teacher, and Setting Variables on Reading Outcomes for Kindergarteners Receiving Supplemental Reading Intervention

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hagan-Burke, Shanna; Coyne, Michael D.; Kwok, Oi-man; Simmons, Deborah C.; Kim, Minjung; Simmons, Leslie E.; Skidmore, Susan T.; Hernandez, Caitlin L.; McSparran Ruby, Maureen

    2013-01-01

    This exploratory study examined the influences of student, teacher, and setting characteristics on kindergarteners' early reading outcomes and investigated whether those relations were moderated by type of intervention. Participants included 206 kindergarteners identified as at risk for reading difficulties and randomly assigned to one of two…

  8. Exploring the Effect of Reader Response Plus on Twelfth Grade Students with Disabilities' Reading Comprehension and Attitudes toward Reading

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Granger, Noelle; Black, Alison; Miller, Jane

    2007-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to examine how reader response journals followed by classroom discussion ("Reader Response Plus") contributed to students' reading comprehension and to their attitudes toward reading. The study was conducted in a rural school in upstate New York. The twelfth grade class that participated in the study…

  9. Effects of Explicit Instruction in Cognitive and Metacognitive Reading Strategies on Iranian EFL Students' Reading Performance and Strategy Transfer

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aghaie, Reza; Zhang, Lawrence Jun

    2012-01-01

    This study explored the impact of explicit teaching of reading strategies on English-as-a-foreign-language (EFL) students' reading performance in Iran. The study employed a questionnaire adapted from Chamot and O'Malley's (1994) cognitive and metacognitive strategies framework. To test the effects of explicit teaching of cognitive and…

  10. Examing the Effect of a Learning-Centered Reading Instruction on Iranian Students' Reading Comprehension: An Action Research

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kashef, Seyyed Hossein; Viyani, Azizollah; Ghabool, Neda; Damavand, Ayoob

    2012-01-01

    This study intended to explore the the effect of a learning-centered reading instruction on improving undergraduate students' reading comprehension ability in university context of Iran. Based on a pedagogical framework driven from Hutchinson and Waters' learning-centered approach, some useful techniques were applied to develop a specific English…

  11. The Effect of Repeated Readings within Readers Theater on the Reading Fluency Rates of At-Risk Third Grade Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fry, Margaret Elaine

    2010-01-01

    Previous research has demonstrated that various reading intervention strategies have shown improvement over time. In a rural south central Pennsylvania school district, 25% of the third grade students are not proficient in reading, leading to possible disadvantages throughout life. This study investigated whether the theory of automaticity…

  12. The Effectiveness of the Barton’s Intervention Program on Reading Comprehension and Reading Attitude of Students with Dyslexia

    PubMed Central

    Mihandoost, Zeinab; Elias, Habibah

    2011-01-01

    Objective: The current research tested the differences in reading attitude and reading comprehension in the dyslexic students between the control group and the experimental group following the Barton intervention program. Methods: Dyslexia screening instrument and reading text were employed in order to identify dyslexic students. The population of the study included 138 dyslexic students studying in schools in Ilam, Iran. From this population, 64 students were randomly selected and assigned to an experimental group as well as a control group. The experimental group was taught for 36 sessions, using the Barton’s method at two levels, and ten lessons were provided to improve the reading skill. The reading comprehension and reading attitude instruments were employed for the measurement of the attitude and comprehension before and after the intervention program. Results: The analysis of covariance showed a significant difference between the control group and the experimental group following the Barton intervention program. Conclusion: This study showed that dyslexic students learned to read, and a more direct instruction related to decoding could influence their progress more than the general exposure to education. PMID:24644446

  13. A Brief Report of the Diagnostic Accuracy of Oral Reading Fluency and Reading Inventory Levels for Reading Failure Risk among Second- and Third-Grade Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Parker, David C.; Zaslofsky, Anne F.; Burns, Matthew K.; Kanive, Rebecca; Hodgson, Jennifer; Scholin, Sarah E.; Klingbeil, David A.

    2015-01-01

    The availability of psychometrically sound and usable universal screeners is a key component to successful early identification within a response-to-intervention model. The purpose of this study was to compare the diagnostic accuracy of oral reading fluency (ORF) and an informal reading inventory for identifying students considered at risk for…

  14. Texts of Our Institutional Lives: Studying the "Reading Transition" from High School to College--What Are Our Students Reading and Why?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harl, Allison; Jolliffe, David A.

    2008-01-01

    The authors discuss a survey of reading practices that they administered to students at their home institution, the University of Arkansas, as well as logs that students at the school kept of their daily reading acts. An important finding was that, contrary to possible belief, students at this university are reading quite a bit, although they are…

  15. The Impact of a Modified Repeated-Reading Strategy Paired with Optical Character Recognition on the Reading Rates of Students with Visual Impairments

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pattillo, Suzan Trefry; Heller, Kathryn Wolf; Smith, Maureen

    2004-01-01

    The repeated-reading strategy and optical character recognition were paired to demonstrate a functional relationship between the combined strategies and two factors: the reading rates of students with visual impairments and the students' self-perceptions, or attitudes, toward reading. The results indicated that all five students increased their…

  16. Lessons for Everyone: How Students with Reading-Related Learning Disabilities Survive and Excel in College Courses with Heavy Reading Requirements.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ruzic, Roxanne

    A study investigated what reading and study strategies students with identified reading-related learning disabilities employ at the post-secondary setting and how the use of strategies differ for students who succeed in particular courses versus those who do not do as well. Nine students with reading-related learning disabilities participated in…

  17. The Power of the Partner: Investigating the Effects of Structured Reading Buddies and Reading Strategies on the Attitudes and Comprehension of Seventh Grade Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vasquez, Veronica B.

    2010-01-01

    Reading is a fundamental part of learning, yet not all students are proficient readers. According to standardized achievement measures in the state of Arizona, about thirty percent of eighth grade students did not meet or exceed the reading standards. Given this, teachers need to find ways to encourage students to read and teach strategies…

  18. Students' Attitudes to Information in the Press: Critical Reading of a Newspaper Article With Scientific Content

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Oliveras, B.; Márquez, C.; Sanmartí, N.

    2014-08-01

    This research analyses what happens when a critical reading activity based on a press article dealing with an energy-related problem is implemented with two groups of students of 13-14 years old and 16-17 years old in the same school (a total of 117 students). Specifically, the research analyses the students' profiles from the standpoint of their attitudes to the information given in the news story and the use they make of it when writing an argumentative text. It also analyses the difficulties the students have when it comes to applying their knowledge about energy in a real-life context. Lastly, some strategies are suggested for helping students to critically analyse the scientific content of a newspaper article. Three reader profiles were identified (the credulous reader, the ideological reader and the critical reader). No significant differences were found in reading profiles in terms of age or scientific knowledge. The findings show that the activity helped to link science learning in school with facts relating to an actual context, particularly in the case of students with more science knowledge.

  19. Electronic Storybooks: A Constructivist Approach to Improving Reading Motivation in Grade 1 Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ciampa, Katia

    2012-01-01

    This study stemmed from a concern of the perceived decline in students' reading motivation after the early years of schooling. This research investigated the effectiveness of online eBooks on eight grade 1 students' reading motivation. Eight students were given ten 25-minute sessions with the software programs over 15 weeks. Qualitative data were…

  20. Reading Interventions for Students with Learning Disabilities in the Upper Elementary Grades

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wanzek, Jeanne; Kent, Shawn C.

    2012-01-01

    For students with learning disabilities, the upper elementary grades may represent a unique opportunity to provide successful remediation for lessening a reading difficulty and preventing students with learning disabilities from falling behind in other content areas. This article discusses effective reading interventions for students with learning…

  1. Memphis Literacy Academy Reading Initiative Effect of Academic Achievement on Elementary Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gamble, Eddie L.

    2009-01-01

    Forty five percent of the students' receiving Title I funds in urban lower class inner city schools and 20% of the students not receiving Title I funds in American public schools are reading below proficient on standardized tests. The goal of No Child Left Behind Legislation was to make sure that 95% of all students are reading at a proficient…

  2. Evaluating the Study Guide as a Tool for Increasing Students' Accountability for Reading the Textbook

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vandsburger, Etty; Duncan-Daston, Rana

    2011-01-01

    A successful lecture that includes meaningful class discussions requires students to be familiar with the topics covered in the assigned reading. However, because college students frequently do not complete such reading prior to class, instructors are faced with the challenge of finding methods that would encourage students to do so. The purpose…

  3. The Effects of a Composing Model on Fifth Grade Students' Reading Comprehension.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Prater, Doris L.; Terry, C. Ann

    A study was conducted to determine whether students who mapped prior and post knowledge of a basal reading lesson would achieve higher scores on a comprehension test and write better summaries of those stories than would students who received traditional basal reading instruction. Subjects, 30 fifth grade students, participated in either a…

  4. Exploring Metacognitive Online Reading Strategies of Non-Native English-Speaking Translation Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zarrabi, Shayesteh

    2016-01-01

    International students, a growing population in US universities, need to possess excellent reading skills in order to succeed. American universities also benefit from admitting students who do not require remedial English classes. Reading online has become an integrated part of college education, which requires students to have additional skills.…

  5. The Effect of Readers' Theatre on the Reading Ability of Elementary Special Education Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lewis, Marie; Feng, Jay

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of the use of Readers' Theatre to improve the reading ability of elementary students receiving special education services. In this study, two groups of students were chosen to participate based on their academic Reading levels and their placement in the Special Education program. The students'…

  6. A Study on Reading Printed Books or E-Books: Reasons for Student-Teachers Preferences

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tosun, Nilgun

    2014-01-01

    This study tried to determine the preferences of student-teachers on reading printed books or e-books and the reasons for these preferences. Reading printed books and e-books preferences of students are discussed in terms of gender and department variables. 258 student-teachers who are studying in Computer Education and Instructional Technologies…

  7. How Well Do "Older" Students Read? Or Do Old Dogs Need to Learn New Tricks?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reinertson, Jacquelyn M.

    In winter 1979, a study was conducted at C. S. Mott Community College (MCC) to determine the salient characteristics of successful students. Students in 63 upper-level courses took the Nelson-Denny Reading Test, Form A, and also completed a demographic questionnaire. The mean total reading score for all students had a grade equivalent of 13.1,…

  8. Students with Reading Disabilities Participating in Literature Discussions: A Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Brien, Elysha Patino

    2011-01-01

    This qualitative case study addressed a lack of research concerning literature discussions for students with learning disabilities in reading. Fourth and fifth grade students with reading disabilities participated in twice-weekly literature discussions, 30-to-60 minutes each, for 12 weeks. The students attended a Title I school and most were…

  9. A Sense of Urgency: Transforming the Literate Identities of Students Who Struggle with Learning to Read

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harmon, Melinda R.

    2013-01-01

    This Grounded Theory study explored the identity development of four current and two former Reading Recovery students. The study focused on the interactions between self-efficacy, self-regulation and identity as students participated in the Reading Recovery intervention to capture change over time in the identity development of students who…

  10. Students' Mind Wandering in Macroscopic and Submicroscopic Textual Narrations and Its Relationship with Their Reading Comprehension

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Al-Balushi, Sulaiman M.; Al-Harthy, Ibrahim S.

    2015-01-01

    The aim of the current study was to investigate students' mind wandering while reading different types of textual narrations (macroscopic and submicroscopic) in chemistry. Another goal was to determine the relationship between mind wandering and students' reading comprehension. The participants were 65 female ninth grade students in Oman. Using a…

  11. Teaching Students to Read Like Detectives: Comprehending, Analyzing, and Discussing Text

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fisher, Douglas; Frey, Nancy; Lapp, Diane

    2011-01-01

    Empower students to take ownership of their reading and learning with "Teaching Students to Read Like Detectives." In this comprehensive guide, the authors explore the relationship between text, learner, and learning through discussion and rhetorical writing at the elementary, middle, and high school levels. Prompt students to become the…

  12. Improving Students' Reading Comprehension Skills: Effects of Strategy Instruction and Reciprocal Teaching

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sporer, Nadine; Brunstein, Joachim C.; Kieschke, Ulf

    2009-01-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of three different forms of strategy instruction on 210 elementary-school students' reading comprehension. Students were assigned to any one of three intervention conditions or to a traditional instruction condition (control condition). Training students were taught four reading strategies…

  13. Characteristics of Reading Disability Types in Middle School Students Classified ED

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mattison, Richard E.

    2008-01-01

    Types of reading disabilities (RD) have not yet been investigated in students classified with emotional disturbance (ED). The prevalence of RD and differentiating characteristics were examined in 118 middle school students attending a self-contained school for ED students by defining RDs with reading standard scores less than 85 on the two…

  14. Reading Relationship Study: Success/Failure Rate of First Semester College Students Identified as Poor Readers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chadwick, Robert; Walters, Henry

    In order to measure the academic success/failure rate of students reading below the ninth grade level, all freshmen students entering Cosumnes River College were given the Nelson-Denny Reading Test during college registration in August 1974. Of the approximately 650 students tested, 113 (17 percent) scored 41 or below; this score corresponds to a…

  15. Banned and Punished: A Study of Disciplinary Consequences and Reading Achievement among Middle School Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thomas, Erica M.

    2014-01-01

    The impact that removal of students from the educational setting has on student reading achievement (and later life outcomes) was the impetus for this study which sought to identify whether a relationship existed between an increasingly greater frequency of out of school suspension (OSS days) and reading achievement for middle school students.…

  16. Reflective Journaling as a Flipped Classroom Technique to Increase Reading and Participation with Social Work Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sage, Melanie; Sele, Patti

    2015-01-01

    Students in undergraduate social work practice courses come to class with varying levels of educational, life, and practice experience. Students require an introduction to the material through textbook reading before they are able to engage in critical discussions, yet reading adherence varies widely among students. This research explores the use…

  17. Establishing Trustworthiness When Students Read Multiple Documents Containing Conflicting Scientific Evidence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bråten, Ivar; Braasch, Jason L. G.; Strømsø, Helge I.; Ferguson, Leila E.

    2015-01-01

    Students read six documents that varied in terms of their perspectives on a scientific issue and the trustworthiness of the source features. After reading, students wrote essays, rank-ordered the documents according to perceived trustworthiness, and provided reasons for their rank-order decisions. Students put the most trust in a textbook and a…

  18. Reading and Math Differences between Hispanic and White Students in Texas: A 16-Year Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rojas-LeBouef, Ana; Slate, John R.

    2011-01-01

    We analyzed the extent to which differences were present between White students and Hispanic students in their passing rates in reading and in math over a 16-year time period across all Texas elementary schools (ns greater than 1,000 schools). As anticipated, White students had statistically significantly higher passing rates in both reading and…

  19. A Study of Hebrew Phonetic-Reading Competence among Junior High Students at Congregation Beth Yeshurun.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rothman, Irving N.

    This report analyzes a test in Hebrew phonetic reading administered to students of the junior high school at Congregation Beth Yeshurun in April and May 1975. There was a progressive improvement in reading rate in each grade: Junior High 1 students averaged 38.7 words per minute; Junior High 2 students averaged 47.3 words per minute; and Junior…

  20. ELL High School Students' Metacognitive Awareness of Reading Strategy Use and Reading Proficiency

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hong-Nam, Kay

    2014-01-01

    This study investigated the metacognitive awareness and reading strategies use of high school-­aged English language learners (ELLs) and the relationship between ELL reading strategy use and reading proficiency as measured by a standardized reading test and self-­rated reading proficiency. Results reveal that participants reported moderate use of…