Science.gov

Sample records for addition auditing procedures

  1. 20 CFR 656.20 - Audit procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    .... Additionally, certain applications may be selected randomly for audit and quality control purposes. If an... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Audit procedures. 656.20 Section 656.20... FOR PERMANENT EMPLOYMENT OF ALIENS IN THE UNITED STATES Labor Certification Process § 656.20...

  2. 20 CFR 656.20 - Audit procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Audit procedures. 656.20 Section 656.20... FOR PERMANENT EMPLOYMENT OF ALIENS IN THE UNITED STATES Labor Certification Process § 656.20 Audit procedures. (a) Review of the labor certification application may lead to an audit of the...

  3. Recommended Procedures for the Internal Financial Auditing of University Libraries.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kurth, William H.; Zubatsky, David S.

    This study develops a generalized procedure for the internal financial auditing of university libraries. It identifies critical internal control points in library operations, and develops questions to measure and evaluate fiscal operations effectiveness. Auditing data and advice were gathered from a survey of 87 members of the Association of…

  4. 19 CFR 163.11 - Audit procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... auditors have the sole discretion to use statistical sampling techniques when: (i) Review of 100 percent of... with 19 CFR 162.74(j), may use statistical sampling, provided that the private party submits an... the audit, and any sampling plan to be employed or offsetting that may apply, will be explained...

  5. 19 CFR 163.11 - Audit procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... auditors have the sole discretion to use statistical sampling techniques when: (i) Review of 100 percent of... with 19 CFR 162.74(j), may use statistical sampling, provided that the private party submits an... the audit, and any sampling plan to be employed or offsetting that may apply, will be explained...

  6. 19 CFR 163.11 - Audit procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... auditors have the sole discretion to use statistical sampling techniques when: (i) Review of 100 percent of... with 19 CFR 162.74(j), may use statistical sampling, provided that the private party submits an... the audit, and any sampling plan to be employed or offsetting that may apply, will be explained...

  7. Evaluation of proposed ASHRAE energy audit form and procedures

    SciTech Connect

    Hay, J.C.; Sud, I. |

    1997-12-31

    The proposed energy audit form and procedures developed by ASHRAE SP-56 were tested, evaluated, and improved in ASHRAE Research Project RP-669. A trial database of building characteristics and energy use, based on the SP-56 form and procedures, was developed, tested, and revised. The goal was to establish forms and procedures to be used by experienced auditors in the auditing of a variety of buildings in the field and to develop a means of collecting, normalizing, and distributing information on commercial and institutional building energy consumption to the industry. Energy audit data from 100 buildings were transferred to the form. The form was modified based on input from the auditors and project monitors. Concurrent with the revision and testing of the form, a trial database was developed. The database uses the form as an input form and contains primarily the building, energy, and space function data from the form. Use of the form and database on a widespread basis would permit the collection and analysis of information for building owners, utilities, agencies, and energy analysis, including comparison of energy use of any individual building to the entire stock of buildings with similar size, space functions, climate, energy sources, and fuel costs.

  8. Palliative care of cancer patients: audit of current hospital procedures.

    PubMed

    Sessa, C; Pampallona, S; Carobbio, M; Neuenschwander, H; Cavalli, F

    1998-05-01

    The palliative care of cancer patients admitted for tumour-related symptoms to three different departments (medical oncology, radiotherapy, internal medicine) of a general hospital was prospectively audited. The physicians directly responsible for the patients provided prospective data by reporting both the diagnostic and therapeutic interventions performed and the degree of control achieved for each symptom. A patient form for evaluation of the control achieved in the case of each symptom by means of linear analogue scales was also provided. The appropriateness of all procedures was evaluated by two external auditors. Over 6 months, 125 such admissions were recorded: 24 patients entered the study and the management of 56 symptoms, the most common of which were pain and dyspnoea, was reviewed. A total of 72 diagnostic procedures were performed, deemed necessary for only 50% of symptoms, optional for 15%, and performed as part of a logical sequence for 38%. A total of 130 therapeutic interventions were undertaken, deemed necessary for 55% of symptoms, optional for 15% and carried out as part of a logical sequence for 44%. Re-evaluations of symptoms and physician and patient evaluations of the degree of control achieved could not be assessed because of lack of information. The audit could not be repeated owing to the low accrual of patients and incompleteness of the data collection. Reasons for failure of the study and proposals for feasible methods of auditing the management of symptoms in cancer patients are discussed.

  9. CTEPP STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURE FOR CONDUCTING INTERNAL FIELD AUDITS AND QUALITY CONTROL (SOP-2.25)

    EPA Science Inventory

    This SOP describes the method for conducting internal field audits and quality control procedures. Internal field audits will be conducted to ensure the collection of high quality data. Internal field audits will be conducted by Field Auditors (the Field QA Officer and the Field...

  10. Caustic addition system operability test procedure

    SciTech Connect

    Parazin, R.E.

    1994-11-01

    This test procedure provides instructions for performing operational testing of the major components of the 241-AN-107 Caustic Addition System by WHC and Kaiser personnel at the Rotating Equipment Shop run-in pit (Bldg. 272E).

  11. 10 CFR 440.21 - Weatherization materials standards and energy audit procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Weatherization materials standards and energy audit procedures. 440.21 Section 440.21 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE FOR LOW-INCOME PERSONS § 440.21 Weatherization materials standards and energy audit procedures....

  12. 10 CFR 440.21 - Weatherization materials standards and energy audit procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Weatherization materials standards and energy audit procedures. 440.21 Section 440.21 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE FOR LOW-INCOME PERSONS § 440.21 Weatherization materials standards and energy audit procedures....

  13. 10 CFR 440.21 - Weatherization materials standards and energy audit procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Weatherization materials standards and energy audit procedures. 440.21 Section 440.21 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE FOR LOW-INCOME PERSONS § 440.21 Weatherization materials standards and energy audit procedures....

  14. 30 CFR 250.1925 - May BSEE direct me to conduct additional audits?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Environmental Management Systems (SEMS) § 250.1925 May BSEE direct me to conduct additional audits? (a) If BSEE... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false May BSEE direct me to conduct additional audits? 250.1925 Section 250.1925 Mineral Resources BUREAU OF SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENFORCEMENT,...

  15. 45 CFR 287.60 - Are there additional financial reporting and auditing requirements?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... generally subject to the requirements of 45 CFR 92.41. (b) NEW Program funds and activities are subject to the audit requirement of the Single Audit Act of 1984 (45 CFR 92.26). (c) A NEW Program grantee must... 45 Public Welfare 2 2014-10-01 2012-10-01 true Are there additional financial reporting...

  16. 45 CFR 287.60 - Are there additional financial reporting and auditing requirements?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... generally subject to the requirements of 45 CFR 92.41. (b) NEW Program funds and activities are subject to the audit requirement of the Single Audit Act of 1984 (45 CFR 92.26). (c) A NEW Program grantee must... 45 Public Welfare 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Are there additional financial reporting...

  17. 45 CFR 287.60 - Are there additional financial reporting and auditing requirements?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... generally subject to the requirements of 45 CFR 92.41. (b) NEW Program funds and activities are subject to the audit requirement of the Single Audit Act of 1984 (45 CFR 92.26). (c) A NEW Program grantee must... 45 Public Welfare 2 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Are there additional financial reporting...

  18. 41 CFR 102-118.435 - What procedures does GSA use to perform a postpayment audit?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Division has the delegated authority to implement the following procedures: (a) Audit selected TSP bills after payment; (b) Audit selected TSP bills before payment as needed to protect the Government's... Notice of Overcharge is prepared and mailed for each bill; and (g) Issue a GSA Notice of...

  19. 41 CFR 102-118.435 - What procedures does GSA use to perform a postpayment audit?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Division has the delegated authority to implement the following procedures: (a) Audit selected TSP bills after payment; (b) Audit selected TSP bills before payment as needed to protect the Government's... Notice of Overcharge is prepared and mailed for each bill; and (g) Issue a GSA Notice of...

  20. Dealing confidently with IRS, Part II: IRS audit and postaudit procedures.

    PubMed

    Holub, S F; Walker, S R

    1978-11-01

    Preparation enables an administrator to control the hospital's participation in IRS audit procedures, to fulfill the requirements essential to the institution's tax-exempt status, and to choose the most appropriate alternative at the postaudit conference.

  1. 30 CFR 250.1925 - May BOEMRE direct me to conduct additional audits?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... SHELF Safety and Environmental Management Systems (SEMS) § 250.1925 May BOEMRE direct me to conduct... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false May BOEMRE direct me to conduct additional audits? 250.1925 Section 250.1925 Mineral Resources BUREAU OF OCEAN ENERGY MANAGEMENT, REGULATION,...

  2. 21 CFR 1311.150 - Additional requirements for internal application audits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 9 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Additional requirements for internal application audits. 1311.150 Section 1311.150 Food and Drugs DRUG ENFORCEMENT ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE... determination of such is feasible. (2) Attempted unauthorized modification or destruction of any information...

  3. 21 CFR 1311.150 - Additional requirements for internal application audits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 9 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Additional requirements for internal application audits. 1311.150 Section 1311.150 Food and Drugs DRUG ENFORCEMENT ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE... determination of such is feasible. (2) Attempted unauthorized modification or destruction of any information...

  4. 19 CFR 163.11 - Compliance assessment and other audit procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Compliance assessment and other audit procedures. 163.11 Section 163.11 Customs Duties U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND... Border Protection, Washington, DC 20229. Upon receipt of such a request, the Director shall provide...

  5. 19 CFR 163.11 - Compliance assessment and other audit procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Compliance assessment and other audit procedures. 163.11 Section 163.11 Customs Duties U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND... Border Protection, Washington, DC 20229. Upon receipt of such a request, the Director shall provide...

  6. Patient radiation dose audits for fluoroscopically guided interventional procedures

    SciTech Connect

    Balter, Stephen; Rosenstein, Marvin; Miller, Donald L.; Schueler, Beth; Spelic, David

    2011-03-15

    Purpose: Quality management for any use of medical x-ray imaging should include monitoring of radiation dose. Fluoroscopically guided interventional (FGI) procedures are inherently clinically variable and have the potential for inducing deterministic injuries in patients. The use of a conventional diagnostic reference level is not appropriate for FGI procedures. A similar but more detailed quality process for management of radiation dose in FGI procedures is described. Methods: A method that takes into account both the inherent variability of FGI procedures and the risk of deterministic injuries from these procedures is suggested. The substantial radiation dose level (SRDL) is an absolute action level (with regard to patient follow-up) below which skin injury is highly unlikely and above which skin injury is possible. The quality process for FGI procedures collects data from all instances of a given procedure from a number of facilities into an advisory data set (ADS). An individual facility collects a facility data set (FDS) comprised of all instances of the same procedure at that facility. The individual FDS is then compared to the multifacility ADS with regard to the overall shape of the dose distributions and the percent of instances in both the ADS and the FDS that exceed the SRDL. Results: Samples of an ADS and FDS for percutaneous coronary intervention, using the dose metric of reference air kerma (K{sub a,r}) (i.e., the cumulative air kerma at the reference point), are used to illustrate the proposed quality process for FGI procedures. Investigation is warranted whenever the FDS is noticeably different from the ADS for the specific FGI procedure and particularly in two circumstances: (1) When the facility's local median K{sub a,r} exceeds the 75th percentile of the ADS and (2) when the percent of instances where K{sub a,r} exceeds the facility-selected SRDL is greater for the FDS than for the ADS. Conclusions: Analysis of the two data sets (ADS and FDS) and

  7. 21 CFR 1311.150 - Additional requirements for internal application audits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... interference with audit trail functions. (6) For application service providers, attempted or successful.... (b) The electronic prescription application must analyze the audit trail at least once every...

  8. 10 CFR 590.310 - Opportunity for additional procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Opportunity for additional procedures. 590.310 Section 590.310 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (CONTINUED) NATURAL GAS (ECONOMIC REGULATORY ADMINISTRATION) ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURES WITH RESPECT TO THE IMPORT AND EXPORT OF NATURAL GAS Procedures § 590.310...

  9. 10 CFR 590.310 - Opportunity for additional procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Opportunity for additional procedures. 590.310 Section 590.310 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (CONTINUED) NATURAL GAS (ECONOMIC REGULATORY ADMINISTRATION) ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURES WITH RESPECT TO THE IMPORT AND EXPORT OF NATURAL GAS Procedures § 590.310...

  10. 10 CFR 590.310 - Opportunity for additional procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Opportunity for additional procedures. 590.310 Section 590.310 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (CONTINUED) NATURAL GAS (ECONOMIC REGULATORY ADMINISTRATION) ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURES WITH RESPECT TO THE IMPORT AND EXPORT OF NATURAL GAS Procedures § 590.310...

  11. 30 CFR 250.1925 - May BSEE direct me to conduct additional audits?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... may direct you to have an ASP audit of your SEMS program if BSEE identifies safety or non-compliance... an audit. (1) If BSEE directs you to have an ASP audit, you are responsible for all of the costs associated with the audit, and (i) The ASP must meet the requirements of §§ 250.1920 and 250.1921 of...

  12. 30 CFR 250.1925 - May BSEE direct me to conduct additional audits?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... may direct you to have an ASP audit of your SEMS program if BSEE identifies safety or non-compliance... an audit. (1) If BSEE directs you to have an ASP audit, you are responsible for all of the costs associated with the audit, and (i) The ASP must meet the requirements of §§ 250.1920 and 250.1921 of...

  13. 5 CFR 179.309 - Additional administrative procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Additional administrative procedures. 179.309 Section 179.309 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS CLAIMS COLLECTION STANDARDS Administrative Offset § 179.309 Additional administrative procedures....

  14. 20 CFR 637.310 - Audits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Audits. 637.310 Section 637.310 Employees... TRAINING PARTNERSHIP ACT Additional Title V Administrative Standards and Procedures § 637.310 Audits. The Governor shall ensure that the State complies with the audit provisions at § 629.480 of this chapter....

  15. Analytical laboratory quality audits

    SciTech Connect

    Kelley, William D.

    2001-06-11

    Analytical Laboratory Quality Audits are designed to improve laboratory performance. The success of the audit, as for many activities, is based on adequate preparation, precise performance, well documented and insightful reporting, and productive follow-up. Adequate preparation starts with definition of the purpose, scope, and authority for the audit and the primary standards against which the laboratory quality program will be tested. The scope and technical processes involved lead to determining the needed audit team resources. Contact is made with the auditee and a formal audit plan is developed, approved and sent to the auditee laboratory management. Review of the auditee's quality manual, key procedures and historical information during preparation leads to better checklist development and more efficient and effective use of the limited time for data gathering during the audit itself. The audit begins with the opening meeting that sets the stage for the interactions between the audit team and the laboratory staff. Arrangements are worked out for the necessary interviews and examination of processes and records. The information developed during the audit is recorded on the checklists. Laboratory management is kept informed of issues during the audit so there are no surprises at the closing meeting. The audit report documents whether the management control systems are effective. In addition to findings of nonconformance, positive reinforcement of exemplary practices provides balance and fairness. Audit closure begins with receipt and evaluation of proposed corrective actions from the nonconformances identified in the audit report. After corrective actions are accepted, their implementation is verified. Upon closure of the corrective actions, the audit is officially closed.

  16. 29 CFR 1911.4 - Additional or alternative procedural requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 7 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Additional or alternative procedural requirements. 1911.4 Section 1911.4 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR (CONTINUED) RULES OF PROCEDURE FOR PROMULGATING, MODIFYING, OR...

  17. [Further development and validation of a clinical auditing procedure for rehabilitation facilities].

    PubMed

    Meixner, K; Lubenow, B; Brückner, U; Gerdes, N

    2006-06-01

    Visitations (audits) are considered an instrument of external quality assurance by which the structural and organizational set-up of health facilities can be assessed on site by external experts. The Deutsche Rentenversicherung Bund (including the former Bundesversicherungsanstalt für Angestellte, BfA, the statutory pension insurance agency for white collar employees) is the largest body responsible for rehabilitation in Germany, and it regularly carries out visitations in the approximately 650 rehab centres it sends its patients to. The project presented in this article aimed at developing a manual with detailed descriptions of the procedures and criteria of the assessment, as well as at checking the inter-rater-reliability of the assessment. The manual was developed in cooperation with experts of the Deutsche Rentenversicherung Bund. It contains a description of the areas to be assessed during a visitation as well as leading questions and criteria for the evaluation of single features. The manual was examined in "test visitations" in 10 centres, each of which was visited by three visitation teams (1 medical and 1 administrative expert) simultaneously. When the resulting 30 assessments were compared, the criterion "overall quality of the centre" (which was assessed on a 10-point scale) showed precise agreement in 47 %, and a deviation by 1 point in 33 % of the cases. Single features assessed on a three-point scale (no improvement needed/improvement recommended/immediate improvement obligatory) resulted in precise agreement in between 80 % ("medical and therapeutic processes") and 86 % ("structural features") of the cases. Two-point scales (condition fulfilled or not fulfilled) showed an agreement between 89 % ("internal quality management") and 97 % ("single structural features"). In order to maintain and further develop this good inter-rater-reliability, the visitors of Deutsche Rentenversicherung Bund are continually trained in applying the visitation manual

  18. Test Procedure - pumping system for caustic addition project

    SciTech Connect

    Leshikar, G.A.

    1994-10-01

    This test procedure provides the requirements for sub-system testing and integrated operational testing of the submersible mixer pump and caustic addition equipment by WHC and Kaiser personnel at the Rotating Equipment Shop run-in pit (Bldg. 272E).

  19. 32 CFR Appendix A to Part 155 - Additional Procedural Guidance

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Additional Procedural Guidance A Appendix A to Part 155 National Defense Department of Defense OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE SECURITY DEFENSE... Guidance 1. When the DISCO cannot affirmatively find that it is clearly consistent with the...

  20. 32 CFR Appendix A to Part 155 - Additional Procedural Guidance

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Additional Procedural Guidance A Appendix A to Part 155 National Defense Department of Defense OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE SECURITY DEFENSE... Guidance 1. When the DISCO cannot affirmatively find that it is clearly consistent with the...

  1. 21 CFR 1311.150 - Additional requirements for internal application audits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...) Attempted unauthorized access to the electronic prescription application, or successful unauthorized access... any information or records required by this part, or successful unauthorized modification or...) Attempted or successful interference with audit trail functions. (6) For application service...

  2. Oxygen therapy multicentric study--a nationwide audit to oxygen therapy procedures in internal medicine wards.

    PubMed

    Neves, J T; Lobão, M J

    2012-01-01

    Oxygen therapy is a common and important treatment in Internal Medicine wards, however, several studies report that it isn't provided accordingly with the best of care. The goal of this work is to evaluate oxygen therapy procedures in Portuguese Internal Medicine wards, comparing them to the standards established by the British Thoracic Society (BTS) in its consensus statement "BTS guideline for emergency oxygen use in adult patients". Between September 3rd and 23rd 2010, each one of the 24 enrolled hospitals audited the oxygen therapy procedures for one randomly chosen day. All Internal Medicine inpatients under oxygen therapy or with oxygen prescription were included. Data was collected regarding oxygen prescription, administration and monitoring. Of the 1549 inpatients, 773 met inclusion criteria. There was an oxygen prescription in 93,4%. Most prescriptions were by a fixed dose (82,4%), but only 11,6% of those stated all the required parameters. Absence of oxygen therapy duration and monitoring were the most frequent errors. Oxygen was administered to only 77,0% of the patients with fixed dose prescriptions. FiO(2) or flow rate and the delivery device were the same as prescribed in 70,9 and 89,2% of the patients, respectively. Out of the 127 patients with oxygen therapy prescriptions by target SatO(2) range, 82,7% were on the prescribed SatO(2) objective range. Several errors were found in oxygen therapy procedures, particularly regarding fixed dose prescriptions, jeopardizing the patients. Although recommended by BTS, oxygen therapy prescriptions by target SatO(2) range are still a minority.

  3. Audit of patient acceptance of nasal surgery as a day case procedure.

    PubMed

    Tierney, P A; Samuel, D; Patel, K S; Thomas, D M

    1996-01-01

    A greater emphasis on day case surgery within the health service is seen as a method of improving efficiency and reducing expenditure. We interviewed 90 consecutive patients undergoing nasal surgery who had been preoperatively assessed as being fit for day case surgery. They were randomised into three groups regarding the duration of postoperative nasal packing. All patients stayed overnight following surgery and were interviewed prior to discharge. Some 52% of the overall sample would be happy to have nasal surgery performed as a day case. If the nasal pack was removed after two hours, this figure rose to 67%. This difference in patient acceptance did not attain statistical significance overall, but there was a significant difference in those undergoing submucosal resection. There was no difference in the age, sex distribution or type of surgery performed between each group. The audit commission quotes patient satisfaction with day case surgery at 80%. Nasal surgery was not examined in their report, but was included as one of a set of procedures suitable for consideration. Although day case nasal surgery may be safe, further research regarding patient acceptance is required.

  4. 20 CFR 637.310 - Audits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Audits. 637.310 Section 637.310 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR PROGRAMS UNDER TITLE V OF THE JOB TRAINING PARTNERSHIP ACT Additional Title V Administrative Standards and Procedures § 637.310 Audits....

  5. Acid Rain Program CEM audit program

    SciTech Connect

    Nguyen, K.O.T.; Alexander, T.H.; Dupree, J.C.

    1997-12-31

    This presentation will give an overview of the Acid Rain Program CEM Audit Program: electronic and field audits. The presentation will include the reasons for audits, field audit types and levels the steps used in develop in the audit program and the audit procedures.

  6. Managing Urban School System Resources: New Procedures, Addition Actors.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hentschke, Guilbert C.

    In recent years urban school systems have had to face unusually severe economic constraints. In the process of adjusting to these constraints, urban systems will likely seek new ways to reallocate existing resources and will undertake more cooperative ventures with other organizational entities to gain access to additional resources. Four…

  7. An audit of paediatric audits.

    PubMed

    John, C M; Mathew, D E; Gnanalingham, M G

    2004-12-01

    An audit of audits at a children's hospital over a six year period showed that 27.8% fulfilled the criteria for a full audit and 22.2% were re-audited. It is recommended that newcomers to audit are given training on audit methodology and that all audit departments should audit their audits annually.

  8. 46 CFR Sec. 12 - Audit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Audit. Sec. 12 Section 12 Shipping MARITIME ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION A-NATIONAL SHIPPING AUTHORITY PROCEDURAL RULES FOR FINANCIAL TRANSACTIONS UNDER AGENCY AGREEMENTS Reports and Audit Sec. 12 Audit. (a) The owner will audit as currently...

  9. 46 CFR Sec. 12 - Audit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Audit. Sec. 12 Section 12 Shipping MARITIME ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION A-NATIONAL SHIPPING AUTHORITY PROCEDURAL RULES FOR FINANCIAL TRANSACTIONS UNDER AGENCY AGREEMENTS Reports and Audit Sec. 12 Audit. (a) The owner will audit as currently...

  10. 46 CFR Sec. 12 - Audit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Audit. Sec. 12 Section 12 Shipping MARITIME ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION A-NATIONAL SHIPPING AUTHORITY PROCEDURAL RULES FOR FINANCIAL TRANSACTIONS UNDER AGENCY AGREEMENTS Reports and Audit Sec. 12 Audit. (a) The owner will audit as currently...

  11. 46 CFR Sec. 12 - Audit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Audit. Sec. 12 Section 12 Shipping MARITIME ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION A-NATIONAL SHIPPING AUTHORITY PROCEDURAL RULES FOR FINANCIAL TRANSACTIONS UNDER AGENCY AGREEMENTS Reports and Audit Sec. 12 Audit. (a) The owner will audit as currently...

  12. NASA Audit Follow-up Handbook

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1990-01-01

    This NASA Audit Follow-up Handbook is issued pursuant to the requirements of the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Circular A-50, Audit Follow-up, dated September 29, 1982. It sets forth policy, uniform performance standards, and procedural guidance to NASA personnel for use when considering reports issued by the Office of Inspector General (OIG), other executive branch audit organizations, the Defense Contract Audit Agency (DCAA), and the General Accounting Office (GAO). It is intended to: specify principal roles; strengthen the procedures for management decisions (resolution) on audit findings and corrective action on audit report recommendations; emphasize the importance of monitoring agreed upon corrective actions to assure actual accomplishment; and foster the use of audit reports as effective tools of management. A flow chart depicting the NASA audit and management decision process is in Appendix A. This handbook is a controlled handbook issued in loose-leaf form and will be revised by page changes. Additional copies for internal use may be obtained through normal distribution channels.

  13. 21 CFR 14.145 - Procedures of a color additive advisory committee.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Procedures of a color additive advisory committee. 14.145 Section 14.145 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL PUBLIC HEARING BEFORE A PUBLIC ADVISORY COMMITTEE Color Additive Advisory Committees § 14.145 Procedures of a color additive...

  14. Auditing the Records of Student-Athletes.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Riggs, Robert O.; Hedden, Carole R.

    1985-01-01

    A 1985 survey showed that NCAA members favored mandating annual audits of athletics budgets by institutional or independent auditors. Development of Tennessee's internal audit system is described, and its internal audit procedures is outlined. (MLW)

  15. 28 CFR 34.4 - Additional competitive application requirements and procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... AND PEER REVIEW PROCEDURES Competition § 34.4 Additional competitive application requirements and... particular part C program area covered by the announced program (peer review). Supplementary application review procedures, in addition to internal review and peer review, may be used for each competitive...

  16. 28 CFR 34.4 - Additional competitive application requirements and procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... AND PEER REVIEW PROCEDURES Competition § 34.4 Additional competitive application requirements and... particular part C program area covered by the announced program (peer review). Supplementary application review procedures, in addition to internal review and peer review, may be used for each competitive...

  17. 28 CFR 34.4 - Additional competitive application requirements and procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... AND PEER REVIEW PROCEDURES Competition § 34.4 Additional competitive application requirements and... particular part C program area covered by the announced program (peer review). Supplementary application review procedures, in addition to internal review and peer review, may be used for each competitive...

  18. 28 CFR 34.4 - Additional competitive application requirements and procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... AND PEER REVIEW PROCEDURES Competition § 34.4 Additional competitive application requirements and... particular part C program area covered by the announced program (peer review). Supplementary application review procedures, in addition to internal review and peer review, may be used for each competitive...

  19. An audit of gynaecological procedures in Jehovah's Witnesses in an inner city hospital.

    PubMed

    Massiah, N; Abdelmagied, A; Samuels, D; Evans, F; Okolo, S; Yoong, W

    2006-02-01

    A retrospective study of Jehovah Witness women between January 1994 and December 2003 was performed. Gynaecologists are concerned about operating on Jehovah's Witnesses because of the potential for haemorrhage during surgery. Jehovah's Witnesses do not accept donor blood but some will permit their own blood to be stored pre-operatively and administered during surgery if deemed necessary. Approximately 150,000 Jehovah's Witnesses live in the UK but little on gynaecological procedures in Jehovah's Witnesses has been published. There were 64 procedures (14 major, 18 intermediate and 32 minor) in 53 women with a median age of 42 years. There were no perioperative deaths, but postoperative anaemia was common. Our study showed that major, intermediate and minor gynaecological procedures can be performed without significant morbidity on Jehovah's Witnesses but a protocol should be available to outline management of those who refuse blood. PMID:16483975

  20. 34 CFR 602.24 - Additional procedures certain institutional accreditors must have.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...) Policies and procedures for determining the credit hours, as defined in 34 CFR 600.2, that the institution... 34 Education 3 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Additional procedures certain institutional accreditors must have. 602.24 Section 602.24 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of...

  1. 34 CFR 602.24 - Additional procedures certain institutional accreditors must have.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...) Policies and procedures for determining the credit hours, as defined in 34 CFR 600.2, that the institution... 34 Education 3 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Additional procedures certain institutional accreditors must have. 602.24 Section 602.24 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of...

  2. 34 CFR 602.24 - Additional procedures certain institutional accreditors must have.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...) Policies and procedures for determining the credit hours, as defined in 34 CFR 600.2, that the institution... 34 Education 3 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Additional procedures certain institutional accreditors must have. 602.24 Section 602.24 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of...

  3. Auditing radiation sterilization facilities

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Beck, Jeffrey A.

    The diversity of radiation sterilization systems available today places renewed emphasis on the need for thorough Quality Assurance audits of these facilities. Evaluating compliance with Good Manufacturing Practices is an obvious requirement, but an effective audit must also evaluate installation and performance qualification programs (validation_, and process control and monitoring procedures in detail. The present paper describes general standards that radiation sterilization operations should meet in each of these key areas, and provides basic guidance for conducting QA audits of these facilities.

  4. 40 CFR 75.75 - Additional ozone season calculation procedures for special circumstances.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 16 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Additional ozone season calculation... § 75.75 Additional ozone season calculation procedures for special circumstances. (a) The owner or operator of a unit that is required to calculate ozone season heat input for purposes of providing...

  5. 40 CFR 75.75 - Additional ozone season calculation procedures for special circumstances.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 17 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Additional ozone season calculation... § 75.75 Additional ozone season calculation procedures for special circumstances. (a) The owner or operator of a unit that is required to calculate ozone season heat input for purposes of providing...

  6. 40 CFR 75.75 - Additional ozone season calculation procedures for special circumstances.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 16 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Additional ozone season calculation... § 75.75 Additional ozone season calculation procedures for special circumstances. (a) The owner or operator of a unit that is required to calculate ozone season heat input for purposes of providing...

  7. 40 CFR 75.75 - Additional ozone season calculation procedures for special circumstances.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 17 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Additional ozone season calculation... § 75.75 Additional ozone season calculation procedures for special circumstances. (a) The owner or operator of a unit that is required to calculate ozone season heat input for purposes of providing...

  8. 40 CFR 75.75 - Additional ozone season calculation procedures for special circumstances.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 17 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Additional ozone season calculation... § 75.75 Additional ozone season calculation procedures for special circumstances. (a) The owner or operator of a unit that is required to calculate ozone season heat input for purposes of providing...

  9. 78 FR 50079 - National Environmental Policy Act: Implementing Procedures; Addition to Categorical Exclusions...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-16

    ... list under the Lacey Act. The addition of this categorical exclusion to the Department of the Interior... Office of the Secretary National Environmental Policy Act: Implementing Procedures; Addition to... proposed categorical exclusion under the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) for the U.S. Fish...

  10. 24 CFR 570.711 - State borrowers; additional requirements and application procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... DEVELOPMENT BLOCK GRANTS Loan Guarantees § 570.711 State borrowers; additional requirements and application... 24 Housing and Urban Development 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false State borrowers; additional requirements and application procedures. 570.711 Section 570.711 Housing and Urban Development...

  11. 21 CFR 14.145 - Procedures of a color additive advisory committee.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Procedures of a color additive advisory committee. 14.145 Section 14.145 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL PUBLIC HEARING BEFORE A PUBLIC ADVISORY COMMITTEE Color Additive Advisory Committees §...

  12. Auditing quality control procedures in a chemical pathology laboratory--a multiple regression analysis.

    PubMed

    Tillyer, C R; Gobin, P T; Ray, A K; Rimanova, H

    1992-07-01

    We undertook a retrospective analysis of the monthly test rejection rates and the monthly external quality assessment scheme performance indices for our laboratory's two automated analysers, and examined the association of these variables with measures of laboratory workload, manpower, staff training, instrument servicing, seasonal and temporal factors and changes of calibration, method and assigned internal quality control values. Using multiple linear regression and stepwise multiple linear regression, we found that test rejection rates differed significantly between instruments, and were highest on the instrument performing the widest variety and lowest volume of tests. On that instrument, rejection rates were significantly associated with the introduction of new staff and laboratory manpower levels, and also showed a highly significant trend upwards over the study period, independent of the effects of the other variables examined. External quality assessment scheme performance indices showed small trends over the study period. They were not related to the test rejection rates on either analyser but also showed a significant association with the introduction of new staff and a small but significant association with laboratory workload. We conclude that the training and introduction of new staff and decreased laboratory manpower levels may significantly increase the level of test rejection, and adherence to appropriate quality control protocols effectively maintains the quality of the laboratory's results, but may not be completely successful in filtering out the effects of some assignable causes of variation in test results. It is suggested that clinical laboratories use the statistical approach adopted here to identify factors which may be adversely affecting quality performance and running costs and to provide evidence that quality control procedures are both cost- and quality-effective.

  13. The use of procedural knowledge in simple addition and subtraction problems.

    PubMed

    Fayol, Michel; Thevenot, Catherine

    2012-06-01

    In a first experiment, adults were asked to solve one-digit additions, subtractions and multiplications. When the sign appeared 150 ms before the operands, addition and subtraction were solved faster than when the sign and the operands appeared simultaneously on screen. This priming effect was not observed for multiplication problems. A second experiment replicates these results on addition and multiplication and, moreover, shows that the priming effect in addition is observed for all problems, including very small ones such as 4+3. In fact, the only problems that were not primed by the addition sign were tie problems, which confirms that they have a special status in memory. Taken together, these results suggest that abstract procedures are pre-activated by the addition and subtraction signs and that these procedures are consequently used by adults to solve the problems. No such procedures would be pre-activated for multiplication, which are then most probably solved by retrieval of the result from memory. Moreover, while obviously two different strategies were used by individuals in order to solve addition and multiplication, solution times were similar when the problems were presented in their whole. These results, which question most of the conclusions of the current literature, support Anderson's model (1982) and Baroody's assumptions (1983) on the existence of compacted procedures that could be as fast as retrievals. PMID:22405923

  14. 21 CFR 820.22 - Quality audit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Quality audit. 820.22 Section 820.22 Food and... QUALITY SYSTEM REGULATION Quality System Requirements § 820.22 Quality audit. Each manufacturer shall establish procedures for quality audits and conduct such audits to assure that the quality system is...

  15. 21 CFR 820.22 - Quality audit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Quality audit. 820.22 Section 820.22 Food and... QUALITY SYSTEM REGULATION Quality System Requirements § 820.22 Quality audit. Each manufacturer shall establish procedures for quality audits and conduct such audits to assure that the quality system is...

  16. 20 CFR 632.33 - Audits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... AND TRAINING PROGRAMS Administrative Standards and Procedures § 632.33 Audits. (a) General. The audit provisions of 41 CFR part 29-70 shall apply to Native American grantees. Until unified or single audit... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Audits. 632.33 Section 632.33...

  17. 31 CFR 50.60 - Audit authority.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Audit authority. 50.60 Section 50.60... Audit and Investigative Procedures § 50.60 Audit authority. The Secretary of the Treasury, or an... pursuant to subpart H of this part, for the purpose of investigation, confirmation, audit and examination....

  18. 20 CFR 632.33 - Audits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... AND TRAINING PROGRAMS Administrative Standards and Procedures § 632.33 Audits. (a) General. The audit provisions of 41 CFR part 29-70 shall apply to Native American grantees. Until unified or single audit... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Audits. 632.33 Section 632.33...

  19. Causing Students to Choose More Language Arts Work: Enhancing the Validity of the Additive Interspersal Procedure

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Meadows, Sadonya F.; Skinner, Christopher H.

    2005-01-01

    Research on the additive interspersal procedure was extended by exposing seventh-grade students to curricula-based (e.g., educationally valid) language arts assignments. In Experiment I, each student was given a control language arts assignment containing 20 discrete target items and an experimental assignment containing 24 equivalent target…

  20. 34 CFR 602.24 - Additional procedures certain institutional accreditors must have.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 34 Education 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Additional procedures certain institutional accreditors must have. 602.24 Section 602.24 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF POSTSECONDARY EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION THE SECRETARY'S RECOGNITION OF ACCREDITING AGENCIES The Criteria...

  1. Dealing confidently with IRS, Part I: Preparing for IRS audits.

    PubMed

    Holub, S F; Walker, S R

    1978-10-01

    With the IRS apparently making health care institutions the focus of a nationwide audit emphasis, hospital administrators will want to prepare themselves for confident handling of audits. Four types of audit procedures are explained, suggestions are made for getting a hospital ready for an audit, and strategies are suggested for maintaining control over the audit's progress.

  2. 7 CFR 3052.235 - Program-specific audits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Program-specific audits. (a) Program-specific audit guide available. In many cases, a program-specific audit guide will be available to provide specific guidance to the auditor with respect to internal control, compliance requirements, suggested audit procedures, and audit reporting requirements....

  3. Determinants of contrast in the signal-key procedure: Evidence against additivity theory.

    PubMed

    Williams, B A; Heyneman, N

    1981-03-01

    Two experiments are reported that challenge the interpretation of previous results with the signal-key procedure, in which the discriminative stimuli are located on a response key different from the key associated with the operant response requirement. Experiment 1 replicated the procedure of Keller (1974), and found that contrast effects on the operant key occurred reliably for only one of four subjects. High rates to the signal key initially occurred for only one subject, but modifications of the procedure produced substantial rates to the signal key for all subjects. In all cases, however, signal-key behavior was greatly reduced by the addition of a changeover delay which prevented reinforcement within 2 seconds of the last peck to the signal key, suggesting that signal-key pecking was maintained primarily by adventitious reinforcement. Experiment 2 modified the signal-key procedure by using three response keys, so that the discriminative stimuli on the signal key controlled different responses during all phases of training. With this modification, reliable contrast effects on the operant key occurred for all subjects, suggesting that the failure to find contrast in previous studies has been due to the confounding of changes in the discrimination requirements with changes in relative rate of reinforcement. The results challenge the additivity theory of contrast, and suggest that "elicited" behavior plays a minor role, if any, in the determination of contrast effects in multiple schedules.

  4. Audits that Make a Difference

    SciTech Connect

    Malsbury, Judith

    1999-02-01

    This paper presents guidance on how to perform internal audits that get management's attention and result in effective corrective action. It assumes that the reader is already familiar with the basic constructs of auditing and knows how to perform them. Instead, it focuses on additional techniques that have proven to be effective in our internal auditing program. Examples using a theoretical audit of a calibration program are included.

  5. 15 CFR 995.14 - Auditing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... REQUIREMENTS FOR NOAA HYDROGRAPHIC PRODUCTS AND SERVICES CERTIFICATION REQUIREMENTS FOR DISTRIBUTORS OF NOAA HYDROGRAPHIC PRODUCTS Certification and Procedures § 995.14 Auditing. NOAA reserves the right to audit CED...

  6. 15 CFR 995.14 - Auditing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... REQUIREMENTS FOR NOAA HYDROGRAPHIC PRODUCTS AND SERVICES CERTIFICATION REQUIREMENTS FOR DISTRIBUTORS OF NOAA HYDROGRAPHIC PRODUCTS Certification and Procedures § 995.14 Auditing. NOAA reserves the right to audit CED...

  7. 15 CFR 995.14 - Auditing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... REQUIREMENTS FOR NOAA HYDROGRAPHIC PRODUCTS AND SERVICES CERTIFICATION REQUIREMENTS FOR DISTRIBUTORS OF NOAA HYDROGRAPHIC PRODUCTS Certification and Procedures § 995.14 Auditing. NOAA reserves the right to audit CED...

  8. 15 CFR 995.14 - Auditing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... REQUIREMENTS FOR NOAA HYDROGRAPHIC PRODUCTS AND SERVICES CERTIFICATION REQUIREMENTS FOR DISTRIBUTORS OF NOAA HYDROGRAPHIC PRODUCTS Certification and Procedures § 995.14 Auditing. NOAA reserves the right to audit CED...

  9. 15 CFR 995.14 - Auditing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... REQUIREMENTS FOR NOAA HYDROGRAPHIC PRODUCTS AND SERVICES CERTIFICATION REQUIREMENTS FOR DISTRIBUTORS OF NOAA HYDROGRAPHIC PRODUCTS Certification and Procedures § 995.14 Auditing. NOAA reserves the right to audit CED...

  10. Toxicity Minimized Cryoprotectant Addition and Removal Procedures for Adherent Endothelial Cells

    PubMed Central

    Davidson, Allyson Fry; Glasscock, Cameron; McClanahan, Danielle R.; Benson, James D.; Higgins, Adam Z.

    2015-01-01

    Ice-free cryopreservation, known as vitrification, is an appealing approach for banking of adherent cells and tissues because it prevents dissociation and morphological damage that may result from ice crystal formation. However, current vitrification methods are often limited by the cytotoxicity of the concentrated cryoprotective agent (CPA) solutions that are required to suppress ice formation. Recently, we described a mathematical strategy for identifying minimally toxic CPA equilibration procedures based on the minimization of a toxicity cost function. Here we provide direct experimental support for the feasibility of these methods when applied to adherent endothelial cells. We first developed a concentration- and temperature-dependent toxicity cost function by exposing the cells to a range of glycerol concentrations at 21°C and 37°C, and fitting the resulting viability data to a first order cell death model. This cost function was then numerically minimized in our state constrained optimization routine to determine addition and removal procedures for 17 molal (mol/kg water) glycerol solutions. Using these predicted optimal procedures, we obtained 81% recovery after exposure to vitrification solutions, as well as successful vitrification with the relatively slow cooling and warming rates of 50°C/min and 130°C/min. In comparison, conventional multistep CPA equilibration procedures resulted in much lower cell yields of about 10%. Our results demonstrate the potential for rational design of minimally toxic vitrification procedures and pave the way for extension of our optimization approach to other adherent cell types as well as more complex systems such as tissues and organs. PMID:26605546

  11. 9 CFR 149.4 - Spot audit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Spot audit. 149.4 Section 149.4... LIVESTOCK IMPROVEMENT VOLUNTARY TRICHINAE CERTIFICATION PROGRAM § 149.4 Spot audit. (a) In addition to regularly scheduled site audits, certified production sites will be subject to spot audits. (1) Random...

  12. 28 CFR 33.51 - Audit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Audit. 33.51 Section 33.51 Judicial... Additional Requirements § 33.51 Audit. Pursuant to Office of Management and Budget Circular A-128 “Audits of State and Local Governments,” all grantees and subgrantees must provide for an independent audit...

  13. 28 CFR 33.51 - Audit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Audit. 33.51 Section 33.51 Judicial... Additional Requirements § 33.51 Audit. Pursuant to Office of Management and Budget Circular A-128 “Audits of State and Local Governments,” all grantees and subgrantees must provide for an independent audit...

  14. A comparative analysis of British and Taiwanese students' conceptual and procedural knowledge of fraction addition

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Hui-Chuan

    2014-10-01

    This study examines students' procedural and conceptual achievement in fraction addition in England and Taiwan. A total of 1209 participants (561 British students and 648 Taiwanese students) at ages 12 and 13 were recruited from England and Taiwan to take part in the study. A quantitative design by means of a self-designed written test is adopted as central to the methodological considerations. The test has two major parts: the concept part and the skill part. The former is concerned with students' conceptual knowledge of fraction addition and the latter is interested in students' procedural competence when adding fractions. There were statistically significant differences both in concept and skill parts between the British and Taiwanese groups with the latter having a higher score. The analysis of the students' responses to the skill section indicates that the superiority of Taiwanese students' procedural achievements over those of their British peers is because most of the former are able to apply algorithms to adding fractions far more successfully than the latter. Earlier, Hart [1] reported that around 30% of the British students in their study used an erroneous strategy (adding tops and bottoms, for example, 2/3 + 1/7 = 3/10) while adding fractions. This study also finds that nearly the same percentage of the British group remained using this erroneous strategy to add fractions as Hart found in 1981. The study also provides evidence to show that students' understanding of fractions is confused and incomplete, even those who are successfully able to perform operations. More research is needed to be done to help students make sense of the operations and eventually attain computational competence with meaningful grounding in the domain of fractions.

  15. Audits of radiopharmaceutical formulations

    SciTech Connect

    Castronovo, F.P. Jr. )

    1992-03-01

    A procedure for auditing radiopharmaceutical formulations is described. To meet FDA guidelines regarding the quality of radiopharmaceuticals, institutional radioactive drug research committees perform audits when such drugs are formulated away from an institutional pharmacy. All principal investigators who formulate drugs outside institutional pharmacies must pass these audits before they can obtain a radiopharmaceutical investigation permit. The audit team meets with the individual who performs the formulation at the site of drug preparation to verify that drug formulations meet identity, strength, quality, and purity standards; are uniform and reproducible; and are sterile and pyrogen free. This team must contain an expert knowledgeable in the preparation of radioactive drugs; a radiopharmacist is the most qualified person for this role. Problems that have been identified by audits include lack of sterility and apyrogenicity testing, formulations that are open to the laboratory environment, failure to use pharmaceutical-grade chemicals, inadequate quality control methods or records, inadequate training of the person preparing the drug, and improper unit dose preparation. Investigational radiopharmaceutical formulations, including nonradiolabeled drugs, must be audited before they are administered to humans. A properly trained pharmacist should be a member of the audit team.

  16. Additives

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Smalheer, C. V.

    1973-01-01

    The chemistry of lubricant additives is discussed to show what the additives are chemically and what functions they perform in the lubrication of various kinds of equipment. Current theories regarding the mode of action of lubricant additives are presented. The additive groups discussed include the following: (1) detergents and dispersants, (2) corrosion inhibitors, (3) antioxidants, (4) viscosity index improvers, (5) pour point depressants, and (6) antifouling agents.

  17. 48 CFR 1631.205-82 - Audits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 true Audits. 1631.205-82 Section... PROCEDURES Contracts With Commercial Organizations 1631.205-82 Audits. Carriers should ensure that the public accounting firms with which they contract for audits of FEHB accounts are registered with the Public...

  18. 48 CFR 1631.205-82 - Audits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Audits. 1631.205-82... AND PROCEDURES Contracts With Commercial Organizations 1631.205-82 Audits. Carriers should ensure that the public accounting firms with which they contract for audits of FEHB accounts are registered...

  19. Safety Audit/Inspection Manual.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Chemical Society, Washington, DC.

    This guide provides guidelines and procedures for safety audits and inspections in work environments. Contents include: (1) Administrative Concepts, (2) Physical Concepts, (3) Protecting Your Audits, (4) Safety Inspections, and (5) Safety Inspection Checklist. The appendix features federal laws and regulations affecting laboratories. (YDS)

  20. Your Audit and Financial Controls.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hatch, Mary B.; And Others

    Audits should be performed on school accounting systems because they are required by law and they provide independent reviews of school financial procedures and suggestions for improvement. A licensed certified public accountant, public accountant, or an accountant who has met the Continuation of Education requirement should perform the audit.…

  1. Influence of crushing and additive irradiation procedures on EPR dosimetry of tooth enamel

    SciTech Connect

    Shalom, S.V.; Chumak, V.V.; Haskell, E.H.; Hayes, R.B.; Kenner, G.H.

    1996-01-01

    The effect of the crushing and additive dose procedures used in EPR dosimetry of enamel was studied on the signals with g-factors of 2. 0045 and g, = 2.0018, g. = 1.9975. Eight fractions, ranging in size from <75 micrometers to 2 mm, were prepared from one tooth. Two cases were investigated: crushing of a non-irradiated sample and of a sample previously irradiated (6 Gy from `Co gamma ray source). In the non-irradiated study, the intensity of the native signal at 2.0045 in by circa 1.75 times as the grain size decreased from maximum to minimum. A small in radiation sensitivity (< 8%) was also observed with decreasing grain size. In the irradiated samples, crushing resulted in slight variations of reconstructed doses from expected values, but the worst possible case (grain sizes < 75 micron) showed that additional errors were less than 10%. The radiation sensitivity of enamel measured immediately after exposure is underestimated. It increases by about 15% in the first month. Based on the decomposition of the observed spectra, a new interpretation of transient signals 1108 is proposed which explains the above phenomena. Recommendations about how to use this interpretation in retrospective EPR dosimetry are given.

  2. 13 CFR 302.6 - Additional requirements; Federal policies and procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... policies and procedures. 302.6 Section 302.6 Business Credit and Assistance ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT... requirements; Federal policies and procedures. Recipients are subject to all Federal laws and to Federal, Department and EDA policies, regulations and procedures applicable to Federal financial assistance...

  3. HSE auditing

    SciTech Connect

    Herwaarden, A.J.F. van; Sykes, R.M.

    1996-12-31

    Shell International Exploration and Production (SIEP) commenced a programme of Health Safety and Environmental (HSE) auditing in its Operating Companies (Opcos) in the late 1970s. Audits in the initial years focused on safety aspects with environmental and occupational aspects being introduced as the process matured. Part of the audit programme is performed by SIEP auditors, external to the Opcos. The level of SIEP-led audit activity increased linearly until the late 1980s, since when a level of around 40 Audits per year has been maintained in roughly as many companies. For the last 15 years each annual programme has included structured audits of all facets of EP operations. The frequency and duration of these audits have the principle objective of auditing all HSE critical processes of each Opco`s activity, within each five-year cycle. Durations vary from 8-10 days with a 4 person team to 18-20 days with a 6-8 person team. Each audit returns a satisfactory or unsatisfactory rating based on analysis of the effectiveness of the so-called eleven principles of Enhanced Safety Management (ESM) required to be applied throughout the Group. Independence is maintained by the SIEP audit leader, who carries ultimate responsibility for the content and wording of each report, where necessary backed-up by senior management in SIEP. These SIEP-led audits have been successful in the following areas: (1) Provision of early warning in areas where facilities integrity or HSE management was likely to be compromised. (2) Aiding the establishment of an internal HSE auditing process in many Opcos. (3) Training, through participation in audits, not only auditors, but also prospective line managers in the effective management of HSE. With the recent introduction of HSE Management Systems (HSE-MS) in many Opcos, auditing is now in the process of controlled evolution from ESM to HSE-MS based.

  4. Energy in municipal-wastewater treatment: an energy-audit procedure and supporting data base. Case examples. Appendix B

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1986-07-01

    This case example illustrates the application of the energy-estimation procedures to a 0.5 MGD wastewater treatment facility utilizing a trickling-filter system with anaerobic in the intermountain area of the United States.

  5. 13 CFR 108.1940 - Procedures for designation of additional Low-Income Geographic Areas

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION NEW MARKETS VENTURE CAPITAL (âNMVCâ) PROGRAM Miscellaneous § 108.1940 Procedures... equivalent county division) has a pattern of unmet needs for investment capital. (3) As adequately...

  6. Inventory auditing: a manufacturing perspective.

    PubMed

    Swartley, J A; Hall, J D

    1990-08-01

    Despite the mystery that usually surrounds the annual audit program, its plan is easy to understand if you learn the basic concerns of the auditor. A five-step inventory audit plan usually consists of proving that the inventory exists, is completely represented, belongs to the firm, is properly valued, and is properly classified. To develop the inventory audit plan, an auditor must verify a firm's system of internal controls, in addition to verifying management's financial assertions by obtaining evidence about them. The time, cost, and frequency of the inventory audit with even the best plans may vary because of changing factors.

  7. 28 CFR 33.51 - Audit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Audit. 33.51 Section 33.51 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE BUREAU OF JUSTICE ASSISTANCE GRANT PROGRAMS Criminal Justice Block Grants Additional Requirements § 33.51 Audit. Pursuant to Office of Management and Budget Circular A-128 “Audits...

  8. 40 CFR 68.220 - Audits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 15 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Audits. 68.220 Section 68.220... ACCIDENT PREVENTION PROVISIONS Other Requirements § 68.220 Audits. (a) In addition to inspections for the... audit RMPs submitted under subpart G of this part to review the adequacy of such RMPs and...

  9. Number Words in Young Children's Conceptual and Procedural Knowledge of Addition, Subtraction and Inversion

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Canobi, Katherine H.; Bethune, Narelle E.

    2008-01-01

    Three studies addressed children's arithmetic. First, 50 3- to 5-year-olds judged physical demonstrations of addition, subtraction and inversion, with and without number words. Second, 20 3- to 4-year-olds made equivalence judgments of additions and subtractions. Third, 60 4- to 6-year-olds solved addition, subtraction and inversion problems that…

  10. 78 FR 57587 - Environmental Impact and Related Procedures-Programmatic Agreements and Additional Categorical...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-19

    ... (23 CFR 771.117(b); 23 CFR 771.118(b)). The Agencies first issued their NEPA Procedures in 1980 (45 FR... issued the 1987 revisions (52 FR 3264, Aug. 28, 1987) as part of a departmentwide effort to streamline... previously listed by an agency could be considered for CE status on a case-by-case basis'' (52 FR 32651,...

  11. 75 FR 2122 - Additional Guidance Regarding Application of Current Procedures for Testing Energy Consumption of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-14

    ...) standard HRF-1-1979 (HRF-1). See Appendix A1, section 2.2; 47 FR 34517 (Aug. 10, 1982). HRF-1 specifies... ensure the consistent application of DOE's current test procedure to refrigerator-freezers with French doors, bottom-mounted freezers, and through-the-door (TTD) ice service (French door TTD models)....

  12. Evaluating Internal Communication: The ICA Communication Audit.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goldhaber, Gerald M.

    1978-01-01

    The ICA Communication Audit is described in detail as an effective measurement procedure that can help an academic institution to evaluate its internal communication system. Tools, computer programs, analysis, and feedback procedures are described and illustrated. (JMF)

  13. A survey on auditing, quality assurance systems and legal frameworks in five selected slaughterhouses in Bulawayo, south-western Zimbabwe.

    PubMed

    Masanganise, Kaurai E; Matope, Gift; Pfukenyi, Davies M

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore the audits, quality assurance (QA) programmes and legal frameworks used in selected abattoirs in Zimbabwe and slaughterhouse workers' perceptions on their effectiveness. Data on slaughterhouse workers was gathered through a self-completed questionnaire and additional information was obtained from slaughterhouse and government records. External auditing was conducted mainly by the Department of Veterinary Public Health with little contribution from third parties. Internal auditing was restricted to export abattoirs. The checklist used on auditing lacked objective assessment criteria and respondents cited several faults in the current audit system. Most respondents (> 50.0%) knew the purposes and benefits of audit and QA inspections. All export abattoirs had QA programmes such as hazard analysis critical control point and ISO 9001 (a standard used to certify businesses' quality management systems) but their implementation varied from minimal to nil. The main regulatory defect observed was lack of requirements for a QA programme. Audit and quality assurance communications to the selected abattoirs revealed a variety of non-compliances with most respondents revealing that corrective actions to audit (84.3%) and quality assurance (92.3%) shortfalls were not done. A high percentage of respondents indicated that training on quality (76.8%) and regulations (69.8%) was critical. Thus, it is imperative that these abattoirs develop a food safety management system comprising of QA programmes, a microbial assessment scheme, regulatory compliance, standard operating procedures, internal and external auditing and training of workers.

  14. 13 CFR 108.1940 - Procedures for designation of additional Low-Income Geographic Areas

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...) as LI Areas. (b) Criteria. SBA will consider one or more of the following factors in determining whether to designate a particular census tract (or equivalent county division) as an additional LI Area... designation of an additional LI Area, SBA will publish in the Federal Register a notice that it is...

  15. The Use of Procedural Knowledge in Simple Addition and Subtraction Problems

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fayol, Michel; Thevenot, Catherine

    2012-01-01

    In a first experiment, adults were asked to solve one-digit additions, subtractions and multiplications. When the sign appeared 150 ms before the operands, addition and subtraction were solved faster than when the sign and the operands appeared simultaneously on screen. This priming effect was not observed for multiplication problems. A second…

  16. A Comparative Analysis of British and Taiwanese Students' Conceptual and Procedural Knowledge of Fraction Addition

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Li, Hui-Chuan

    2014-01-01

    This study examines students' procedural and conceptual achievement in fraction addition in England and Taiwan. A total of 1209 participants (561 British students and 648 Taiwanese students) at ages 12 and 13 were recruited from England and Taiwan to take part in the study. A quantitative design by means of a self-designed written test is…

  17. Evaluating Generalization of Addition-Fact Fluency Using the Taped-Problems Procedure in a Second-Grade Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, Kelli C.; Skinner, Christopher H.; Gibby, Lana; Galyon, Charles E.; Meadows-Allen, Sadonya

    2011-01-01

    A multiple-baseline design across math-fact sets was used to evaluate the effects of a taped-problems intervention on students' performance with addition facts and their inverses in an intact, rural, second-grade classroom. Results suggested that the procedure was effective in improving fluency on math facts as well as their inverses. Across 3…

  18. 7 CFR 1775.21 - Audit or financial statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... grantee's fiscal year. Additional audits may be required if the project period covers more than one fiscal... 7 Agriculture 12 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Audit or financial statements. 1775.21 Section 1775... Audit or financial statements. The grantee will provide an audit report or financial statements...

  19. 40 CFR 86.1734-99 - Alternative procedure for notification of additions and changes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... VEHICLES AND ENGINES (CONTINUED) General Provisions for the Voluntary National Low Emission Vehicle Program... the Administrator within 10 working days of making an addition of a vehicle to a certified engine family or a change in a vehicle previously covered by certification. The manufacturer shall also...

  20. 40 CFR 86.1734-99 - Alternative procedure for notification of additions and changes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... VEHICLES AND ENGINES (CONTINUED) General Provisions for the Voluntary National Low Emission Vehicle Program... the Administrator within 10 working days of making an addition of a vehicle to a certified engine family or a change in a vehicle previously covered by certification. The manufacturer shall also...

  1. 40 CFR 86.1734-99 - Alternative procedure for notification of additions and changes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... VEHICLES AND ENGINES (CONTINUED) General Provisions for the Voluntary National Low Emission Vehicle Program... the Administrator within 10 working days of making an addition of a vehicle to a certified engine family or a change in a vehicle previously covered by certification. The manufacturer shall also...

  2. Appendix to the Brophy-Good Dyadic Interaction Coding Manual. Additional Coding Categories and Procedures.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brophy, Jere E.; Good Thomas L.

    This paper contains optional modifications and additions to the Brophy-Good Dyadic Interaction Coding Manual (ED 042 688). Included are 1) suggestions for changes in the way level-of-question is coded; 2) modifications of the child's answer categories for simplification or expansion; 3) new distinctions for coding the teacher's feedback following…

  3. Scholastic Audits. Research Brief

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walker, Karen

    2009-01-01

    What is a scholastic audit? The purpose of the audit is to assist individual schools and districts improve. The focus is on gathering data and preparing recommendations that can be used to guide school improvement initiatives. Scholastic audits use a multi-step approach and include: (1) Preparing for the Audit; (2) Audit process; (3) Audit report;…

  4. Fast automated counting procedures in addition problem solving: When are they used and why are they mistaken for retrieval?

    PubMed

    Uittenhove, Kim; Thevenot, Catherine; Barrouillet, Pierre

    2016-01-01

    Contrary to a widespread assumption, a recent study suggested that adults do not solve very small additions by directly retrieving their answer from memory, but rely instead on highly automated and fast counting procedures (Barrouillet & Thevenot, 2013). The aim of the present study was to test the hypothesis that these automated compiled procedures are restricted to small quantities that do not exceed the size of the focus of attention (i.e., 4 elements). For this purpose, we analyzed the response times of ninety adult participants when solving the 81 additions with operands from 1 to 9. Even when focusing on small problems (i.e. with sums ⩽10) reported by participants as being solved by direct retrieval, chronometric analyses revealed a strong size effect. Response times increased linearly with the magnitude of the operands testifying for the involvement of a sequential multistep procedure. However, this size effect was restricted to the problems involving operands from 1 to 4, whereas the pattern of response times for other small problems was compatible with a retrieval hypothesis. These findings suggest that very fast responses routinely interpreted as reflecting direct retrieval of the answer from memory actually subsume compiled automated procedures that are faster than retrieval and deliver their answer while the subject remains unaware of their process, mistaking them for direct retrieval from long-term memory.

  5. 36 CFR 51.12 - Are there any other additional procedures that I must follow to apply for a concession contract?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Are there any other additional procedures that I must follow to apply for a concession contract? 51.12 Section 51.12 Parks... Solicitation, Selection and Award Procedures § 51.12 Are there any other additional procedures that I...

  6. The audit checklist: Your key to audit success

    SciTech Connect

    Maday, J.H. Jr.

    1992-02-01

    As the old saying goes, If you have no objective, any road will take your there.'' So it is with the audit checklist. The checklist is the primary tool for providing order to Quality Assurance audit activities. With a well-planned and well-defined checklist, success is achievable. Without a checklist, the auditor has a disjointed, disorganized activity and no place to document his or her failed efforts. A number of formal quality programs which include audits as one of their program elements require the audit to be performed using a checklist or procedures to document what the auditor reviewed and what he or she found. It is the intent of this paper to provide the reader with the some insight as to the value of the checklist; the varieties of checklists that can be constructed; the pitfalls of improper application; and the success that can be achieved when the checklist has been properly researched, developed, and deployed.

  7. The audit checklist: Your key to audit success

    SciTech Connect

    Maday, J.H. Jr.

    1992-02-01

    As the old saying goes, ``If you have no objective, any road will take your there.`` So it is with the audit checklist. The checklist is the primary tool for providing order to Quality Assurance audit activities. With a well-planned and well-defined checklist, success is achievable. Without a checklist, the auditor has a disjointed, disorganized activity and no place to document his or her failed efforts. A number of formal quality programs which include audits as one of their program elements require the audit to be performed using a checklist or procedures to document what the auditor reviewed and what he or she found. It is the intent of this paper to provide the reader with the some insight as to the value of the checklist; the varieties of checklists that can be constructed; the pitfalls of improper application; and the success that can be achieved when the checklist has been properly researched, developed, and deployed.

  8. Do English NHS Microbiology laboratories offer adequate services for the diagnosis of UTI in children? Healthcare Quality Improvement Partnership (HQIP) Audit of Standard Operational Procedures.

    PubMed

    McNulty, Cliodna A M; Verlander, Neville Q; Moore, Philippa C L; Larcombe, James; Dudley, Jan; Banerjee, Jaydip; Jadresic, Lyda

    2015-09-01

    The National Institute of Care Excellence (NICE) 2007 guidance CG54, on urinary tract infection (UTI) in children, states that clinicians should use urgent microscopy and culture as the preferred method for diagnosing UTI in the hospital setting for severe illness in children under 3 years old and from the GP setting in children under 3 years old with intermediate risk of severe illness. NICE also recommends that all 'infants and children with atypical UTI (including non-Escherichia coli infections) should have renal imaging after a first infection'. We surveyed all microbiology laboratories in England with Clinical Pathology Accreditation to determine standard operating procedures (SOPs) for urgent microscopy, culture and reporting of children's urine and to ascertain whether the SOPs facilitate compliance with NICE guidance. We undertook a computer search in six microbiology laboratories in south-west England to determine urine submissions and urine reports in children under 3 years. Seventy-three per cent of laboratories (110/150) participated. Enterobacteriaceae that were not E. coli were reported only as coliforms (rather than non-E. coli coliforms) by 61% (67/110) of laboratories. Eighty-eight per cent of laboratories (97/110) provided urgent microscopy for hospital and 54% for general practice (GP) paediatric urines; 61% of laboratories (confidence interval 52-70%) cultured 1 μl volume of urine, which equates to one colony if the bacterial load is 106 c.f.u. l(-1). Only 22% (24/110) of laboratories reported non-E. coli coliforms and provided urgent microscopy for both hospital and GP childhood urines; only three laboratories also cultured a 5 μl volume of urine. Only one of six laboratories in our submission audit had a significant increase in urine submissions and urines reported from children less than 3 years old between the predicted pre-2007 level in the absence of guidance and the 2008 level following publication of the NICE guidance. Less than a

  9. Federal Student Loan Programs: Opportunities Exist to Improve Audit Requirements and Oversight Procedures. Report to Congressional Committees. GAO-10-668

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Daly, Kay L.

    2010-01-01

    The Higher Education Opportunity Act of 2008, Pub. L. No. 110-315, mandated GAO (Government Accountability Office) to study the financial and compliance audits and reviews required or conducted for the Federal Family Education Loan (FFEL) program and the Federal Direct Student Loan (DL) program. The Department of Education's (Education) Office of…

  10. A-110: Do We Need Another Audit Guide?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spruill, Warren H.

    1982-01-01

    Implications for colleges and universities of a proposed new audit guide for Office of Management and the Budget (OMB) Circular A-110 are considered. The Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) is considering issuance of an audit guide that will outline procedures to be followed to comply with the audit requirement in Circular A-110. With…

  11. 12 CFR 620.30 - Audit committees.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... to the audit committee. Each institution is responsible for providing monetary and nonmonetary... policy changes relating to preparation of financial statements; and review annual and quarterly reports prior to release. After the audit committee reviews a financial policy, procedure, or report, it...

  12. Audit Manual release 3.0

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1993-12-01

    This manual consolidates into one document the policies, procedures, standards, technical guidance and other techniques to be followed by the Assistant Inspector General for Audits and staff in planning and conducting audit work within DOE and in preparing related reports on behalf of the Office of Inspector General.

  13. 23 CFR 172.7 - Audits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... contracts or subcontracts for engineering design services, the audit shall be performed to test compliance with the requirements of the cost principles contained in 48 CFR part 31. Other procedures may be used... audit for the cost principles contained in 48 CFR part 31 for the consultant, if such rates are...

  14. 7 CFR 210.22 - Audits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... the Department's implementing regulations at 7 CFR part 3052. For availability of the OMB Circular mentioned in this paragraph, please refer to 5 CFR 1310.3. (b) Audit procedure. These requirements call for... such audits comply with the requirements set forth in 7 CFR part 3015....

  15. 23 CFR 172.7 - Audits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... audit for the cost principles contained in 48 CFR part 31 for the consultant, if such rates are not... with the requirements of the cost principles contained in 48 CFR part 31. Other procedures may be used... 23 Highways 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Audits. 172.7 Section 172.7 Highways FEDERAL...

  16. 10 CFR 26.415 - Audits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 49 CFR Part 40, “Procedures for Department of Transportation Workplace Drug and Alcohol Testing... 10 Energy 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Audits. 26.415 Section 26.415 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION FITNESS FOR DUTY PROGRAMS FFD Program for Construction § 26.415 Audits. (a) Licensees and...

  17. 12 CFR 1273.9 - Audit Committee.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... and Banking FEDERAL HOUSING FINANCE AGENCY FEDERAL HOME LOAN BANKS OFFICE OF FINANCE § 1273.9 Audit... ensure that the Banks adopt consistent accounting policies and procedures to the extent necessary for... financial reports. (3) The Audit Committee, in consultation with FHFA, may establish common...

  18. 23 CFR 172.7 - Audits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... audit for the cost principles contained in 48 CFR part 31 for the consultant, if such rates are not... with the requirements of the cost principles contained in 48 CFR part 31. Other procedures may be used... 23 Highways 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Audits. 172.7 Section 172.7 Highways FEDERAL...

  19. 10 CFR 26.415 - Audits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 49 CFR Part 40, “Procedures for Department of Transportation Workplace Drug and Alcohol Testing... 10 Energy 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Audits. 26.415 Section 26.415 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION FITNESS FOR DUTY PROGRAMS FFD Program for Construction § 26.415 Audits. (a) Licensees and...

  20. Safety Auditing and Assessments

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Goodin, James Ronald (Ronnie)

    2005-01-01

    Safety professionals typically do not engage in audits and independent assessments with the vigor as do our quality brethren. Taking advantage of industry and government experience conducting value added Independent Assessments or Audits benefits a safety program. Most other organizations simply call this process "internal audits." Sources of audit training are presented and compared. A relation of logic between audit techniques and mishap investigation is discussed. An example of an audit process is offered. Shortcomings and pitfalls of auditing are covered.

  1. A multidisciplinary audit of cardiorespiratory arrest response patterns.

    PubMed

    Duafala, M E; Holder, L M

    1982-06-01

    If a cardiopulmonary arrest occurs in your institution, will the response pattern be organized and consistent? Will the Code Blue procedure flow smoothly, with each member of the resuscitation team knowing what his responsibilities are and how to perform them? Is confusion kept to a minimum? These are the questions which our multidisciplinary Code Blue Committee was charged with answering. The committee audited four broad areas: adequacy of equipment and medication, written policies and procedures, documentation of activities, and preparedness of team members for their specific responsibilities. The multidisciplinary approach to establishing standards of practice for "Code Blues" has been very successful. As a result of the audit, specific actions were taken to correct deficiencies. In addition, the meetings provided a caucus for interdepartmental exposure and communication which has served to augment interdepartmental relationships.

  2. 75 FR 57274 - Financial Management and Assurance; Government Auditing Standards

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-20

    ... GAGAS to reflect major developments in the accountability and audit profession and emphasize specific considerations applicable to the government environment. In addition, this proposed revision modernizes GAGAS, with updates to reflect major developments in the accountability and audit environment, including...

  3. Why Audit Communication in Organizations?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    White, Noel D.; Greenbaum, Howard H.

    The purpose of this paper is to present a common sense proposal, as opposed to a documented proposal, arguing for the adoption of a periodic communication audit procedure in organizations. The paper presents an approach and information the communication consultant can utilize in addressing management practitioners on the topic: "Why Audit…

  4. Audit Report on "The Department's Management of Nuclear Materials Provided to Domestic Licensees"

    SciTech Connect

    2009-02-01

    The objective if to determine whether the Department of Energy (Department) was adequately managing its nuclear materials provided to domestic licensees. The audit was performed from February 2007 to September 2008 at Department Headquarters in Washington, DC, and Germantown, MD; the Oak Ridge Office and the Oak Ridge National Laboratory in Oak Ridge, TN. In addition, we visited or obtained data from 40 different non-Departmental facilities in various states. To accomplish the audit objective, we: (1) Reviewed Departmental and Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) requirements for the control and accountability of nuclear materials; (2) Analyzed a Nuclear Materials Management and Safeguards System (NMMSS) report with ending inventory balances for Department-owned nuclear materials dated September 30, 2007, to determine the amount and types of nuclear materials located at non-Department domestic facilities; (3) Held discussions with Department and NRC personnel that used NMMSS information to determine their roles and responsibilities related to the control and accountability over nuclear materials; (4) Selected a judgmental sample of 40 non-Department domestic facilities; (5) Met with licensee officials and sent confirmations to determine whether their actual inventories of Department-owned nuclear materials were consistent with inventories reported in the NMMSS; and, (6) Analyzed historical information related to the 2004 NMMSS inventory rebaselining initiative to determine the quantity of Department-owned nuclear materials that were written off from the domestic licensees inventory balances. This performance audit was conducted in accordance with generally accepted Government auditing standards. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain sufficient, appropriate evidence to provide a reasonable basis for our findings and conclusions based on our audit objective. We believe that the evidence obtained provides a reasonable basis for our

  5. The facility audit and review method: evaluating institutional ethics in health care organizations.

    PubMed

    Oetjen, Dawn; Oetjen, Reid; Rotarius, Timothy

    2007-01-01

    Auditing processes--such as financial, compliance, and investigative audits-are commonplace in the health care industry. However, an audit to assess institutional ethics in health care facilities is a fairly new concept. The Facility Audit and Review Method is an assessment tool that provides an evaluation scheme to review the organization's policies, procedures, and outcomes using an ethical perspective. This article discusses ethics in the context of health care, the various types of auditing mechanisms used in health care facilities, and how these two--ethics and audits--come together to form the 4-stage Facility Audit and Review Method.

  6. Audits for advanced treatment dosimetry

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ibbott, G. S.; Thwaites, D. I.

    2015-01-01

    Radiation therapy has advanced rapidly over the last few decades, progressing from 3D conformal treatment to image-guided intensity modulated therapy of several different flavors, both 3D and 4D and to adaptive radiotherapy. The use of intensity modulation has increased the complexity of quality assurance and essentially eliminated the physicist's ability to judge the validity of a treatment plan, even approximately, on the basis of appearance and experience. Instead, complex QA devices and procedures are required at the institutional level. Similarly, the assessment of treatment quality through remote and on-site audits also requires greater sophistication. The introduction of 3D and 4D dosimetry into external audit systems must follow, to enable quality assurance systems to perform meaningful and thorough audits.

  7. 9 CFR 149.4 - Spot audit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Spot audit. 149.4 Section 149.4 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LIVESTOCK IMPROVEMENT VOLUNTARY TRICHINAE CERTIFICATION PROGRAM § 149.4 Spot audit. (a) In addition...

  8. Financial audit

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1992-01-01

    The Trans-Alaska Pipeline Liability Fund, a nonprofit corporate entity created in 1973, pays claims for damages, including cleanup costs, arising from oil discharges from vessel transporting Trans-Alaska Pipeline System oil loaded at Alaskan terminals to ports under U.S. jurisdiction. This paper presents the results of GAO's view of the independent certified public accountants' audit of the Fund's financial statements as of December 31, 1990. GAO also assesses progress toward disposing of the Fund's balances and terminating the Fund.

  9. The preparation for and survival of an EPA Title IV and Title V facility audit

    SciTech Connect

    Facca, G.L.; Faler, M.

    1999-07-01

    As part of the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments, major facilities are required to obtain federally enforceable operating permits (Title V). In a separate permitting action, the electric utilities with units generating more then 25 megawatts are required to obtain permits for NO{sub x} and SO{sub x}, the emissions which contribute to acid rain (Title IV). The Title IV permit is included as part of the Title V permit. This paper will use an actual audit experience at a coal fired generation facility as a case study for the preparation for and outcome of an EPA Title IV Level 3 audit. The paper will document the procedures for preparation, the audit process, and the outcome. The audit is part of the EPA's process for review of the record keeping and instrument calibration methods outlined in Title IV. Both types of permits have many different record keeping and monitoring requirements as well as separate reporting requirements which are submitted to both federal; state and local regulatory agencies for review and evaluation. Title IV units include very specific instrument calibration/audit requirements, and Title V has compliance testing and monitoring requirements. Alliant Power was notified in August 1998 of the intent of EPA Region VII to conduct a Level 3 audit at the Lansing Generation Station. The US EPA and the State of Iowa intended to review all Title IV record keeping (Level 1), continuous emission monitoring calibrations and linearity testing (Level 2) and observe the annual Relative Accuracy Testing Audit performed by an outside contractor. In addition, during this facility site visit, the compliance with Title V permit requirements was also audited.

  10. Hassle-free audit trails: Automated audits

    SciTech Connect

    Manatt, D.R.

    1989-04-01

    The origin and history of data in databases are often as important as the data itself. A full audit trail of database operations is the best record of a database's history. INGRES provides an audit facility to format journal file entries into audit records. This facility is cumbersome and difficult to use. I describe two INGRES Report Writer reports that take all the effort out of maintaining a complete audit trail. To maintain an audit trail of changes to INGRES tables it is necessary to run AUDITDB individually on each table and store a record of the AUDITDB output. The INGRES manuals suggest how the audit records can be copied into INGRES tables for storage. Thus the maintenance of an audit trail consists of: creating tables to receive audit records, running AUDITDB, and storing the audit records into the tables. All this must be done for each table to be audited. My approach to this drudgery is to give it all to the INGRES system. Therefore, I present reports that generate command files to create the tables and run the audits. The only job left for a human is to submit the generated command files to the batch queue.

  11. Contracting for Audit Services.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heifetz, Harry S.

    1987-01-01

    The Single Audit Act of 1984 requires most school districts receiving over $25,000 in federal funds to undergo financial audits. This article highlights requirements for selecting certified public accountants to perform the audit and suggests factors to be considered before drafting a contract or letter of engagement. A sample letter is included.…

  12. [Clinical relevance of unloading in cartilage therapy of the knee--shoe insoles, knee braces or additional operative procedure?].

    PubMed

    Kraus, T M; Imhoff, A B; Ateschrang, A; Stöckle, U; Schröter, S

    2015-02-01

    Restoration of a neutral biomechanical environment and reduction of overload is an important factor contributing to the success of any cartilage repair procedure. Reduction of overload can by achieved by so called unloading procedures in order to reduce intraarticular pressure from the repair zone. Unloading can be achieved via loss of weight, wedged shoe insoles, knee braces or via operations such as osteotomies around the knee joint. The cartilage therapy and the concomitant unloading procedure should be adapted to the individual pathology and realistic aims of the patient. Wedged insoles and braces are the least invasive treatment methods. In comparison, however, beneficial effects of braces outline those of laterally wedged heels. Nevertheless long-term compliance with insoles and braces is poor. Concerning braces either because the positive effects of the braces are too small or because the adverse effects are too large. Unloading in the long run may only be achieved through operative procedures. When an osteotomy seems to be too invasive the arthroscopic release of the posterior oblique ligament might be an option. Patients with an intact contralateral chondral status, medium to slight malalignment who want to remain at high activity levels, remain good candidates for unloading osteotomies.

  13. Auditing clinical research data: objectives, applications and results.

    PubMed

    Justice, R L

    1983-01-01

    Formal auditing of clinical research data has become a standard contemporary practice within the pharmaceutical industry. Its basic purpose is to provide documentation relevant to an assessment of the quality and integrity of data collected in the course of a clinical trial. This paper outlines the audit procedures developed within one major pharmaceutical firm. These procedures require an intensive investigation of internal and external aspects of study management, records management, data entry, data analysis and statistical report preparation. A qualitative evaluation of the results achieved by this auditing procedure are presented.

  14. 50 CFR 82.14 - Inspection and audit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Inspection and audit. 82.14 Section 82.14...) FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE-WILDLIFE SPORT FISH RESTORATION PROGRAM ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURES FOR GRANTS-IN-AID (MARINE MAMMAL PROTECTION ACT OF 1972) Administration § 82.14 Inspection and audit. (a) Supervision...

  15. 10 CFR 436.37 - Annual energy audits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Annual energy audits. 436.37 Section 436.37 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION FEDERAL ENERGY MANAGEMENT AND PLANNING PROGRAMS Methods and Procedures for Energy Savings Performance Contracting § 436.37 Annual energy audits. (a) After...

  16. 10 CFR 436.37 - Annual energy audits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Annual energy audits. 436.37 Section 436.37 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION FEDERAL ENERGY MANAGEMENT AND PLANNING PROGRAMS Methods and Procedures for Energy Savings Performance Contracting § 436.37 Annual energy audits. (a) After...

  17. 10 CFR 436.37 - Annual energy audits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Annual energy audits. 436.37 Section 436.37 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION FEDERAL ENERGY MANAGEMENT AND PLANNING PROGRAMS Methods and Procedures for Energy Savings Performance Contracting § 436.37 Annual energy audits. (a) After...

  18. 10 CFR 436.37 - Annual energy audits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Annual energy audits. 436.37 Section 436.37 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION FEDERAL ENERGY MANAGEMENT AND PLANNING PROGRAMS Methods and Procedures for Energy Savings Performance Contracting § 436.37 Annual energy audits. (a) After...

  19. 10 CFR 436.37 - Annual energy audits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Annual energy audits. 436.37 Section 436.37 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION FEDERAL ENERGY MANAGEMENT AND PLANNING PROGRAMS Methods and Procedures for Energy Savings Performance Contracting § 436.37 Annual energy audits. (a) After...

  20. Internal Control, Auditing, and the Automated Acquisitions System.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hawks, Carol Pitts

    1990-01-01

    Discusses issues and procedures involved in auditing the automated acquisitions system at Ohio State University Libraries. The audit process is explained, internal controls within the system are identified, general control mechanisms such as limited electronic access are discussed, and application control mechanisms that relate to specific…

  1. 49 CFR 1511.9 - Accounting and auditing requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 9 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Accounting and auditing requirements. 1511.9... SECURITY INFRASTRUCTURE FEE § 1511.9 Accounting and auditing requirements. (a) Each air carrier and foreign... fairness and reasonableness of the air carrier's and foreign air carrier's procedures used for...

  2. Audits Made Simple

    SciTech Connect

    Belangia, David Warren

    2015-04-09

    A company just got notified there is a big external audit coming in 3 months. Getting ready for an audit can be challenging, scary, and full of surprises. This Gold Paper describes a typical audit from notification of the intent to audit through disposition of the final report including Best Practices, Opportunities for Improvement (OFI), and issues that must be fixed. Good preparation can improve the chances of success. Ensuring the auditors understand the environment and requirements is paramount to success. It helps the auditors understand that the enterprise really does think that security is important. Understanding and following a structured process ensures a smooth audit process. Ensuring follow-up on OFIs and issues in a structured fashion will also make the next audit easier. It is important to keep in mind that the auditors will use the previous report as a starting point. Now the only worry is the actual audit and subsequent report and how well the company has done.

  3. 26 CFR 1.23-6 - Procedure and criteria for additions to the approved list of energy-conserving components or...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... geothermal energy, the energy source must be an inexhaustible energy supply. Accordingly, wood and... approved list of energy-conserving components or renewable energy sources. 1.23-6 Section 1.23-6 Internal... During A Taxable Year § 1.23-6 Procedure and criteria for additions to the approved list of...

  4. 26 CFR 1.23-6 - Procedure and criteria for additions to the approved list of energy-conserving components or...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... geothermal energy, the energy source must be an inexhaustible energy supply. Accordingly, wood and... approved list of energy-conserving components or renewable energy sources. 1.23-6 Section 1.23-6 Internal... During A Taxable Year § 1.23-6 Procedure and criteria for additions to the approved list of...

  5. 26 CFR 1.23-6 - Procedure and criteria for additions to the approved list of energy-conserving components or...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... geothermal energy, the energy source must be an inexhaustible energy supply. Accordingly, wood and... approved list of energy-conserving components or renewable energy sources. 1.23-6 Section 1.23-6 Internal... During A Taxable Year § 1.23-6 Procedure and criteria for additions to the approved list of...

  6. 47 CFR 1.420 - Additional procedures in proceedings for amendment of the FM or TV Tables of Allotments, or for...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... amendment of the FM or TV Tables of Allotments, or for amendment of certain FM assignments. 1.420 Section 1... Proceedings Rulemaking Proceedings § 1.420 Additional procedures in proceedings for amendment of the FM or TV... a UHF TV station to a VHF channel in the same community in the course of the rule making...

  7. 47 CFR 1.420 - Additional procedures in proceedings for amendment of the FM or TV Tables of Allotments, or for...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... amendment of the FM or TV Tables of Allotments, or for amendment of certain FM assignments. 1.420 Section 1... Proceedings Rulemaking Proceedings § 1.420 Additional procedures in proceedings for amendment of the FM or TV... a UHF TV station to a VHF channel in the same community in the course of the rule making...

  8. 47 CFR 1.420 - Additional procedures in proceedings for amendment of the FM or TV Tables of Allotments, or for...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... amendment of the FM or TV Tables of Allotments, or for amendment of certain FM assignments. 1.420 Section 1... Proceedings Rulemaking Proceedings § 1.420 Additional procedures in proceedings for amendment of the FM or TV... a UHF TV station to a VHF channel in the same community in the course of the rule making...

  9. 47 CFR 1.420 - Additional procedures in proceedings for amendment of the FM or TV Tables of Allotments, or for...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... amendment of the FM or TV Tables of Allotments, or for amendment of certain FM assignments. 1.420 Section 1... Proceedings Rulemaking Proceedings § 1.420 Additional procedures in proceedings for amendment of the FM or TV... a UHF TV station to a VHF channel in the same community in the course of the rule making...

  10. [(No) Fear of audits? Control is good, trust is better. Audits as a core element of quality management].

    PubMed

    Ertl-Wagner, B; Steinbrucker, S

    2011-10-01

    Quality management (QM) cannot be successfully implemented and performed without audits. The PDCA (Plan-Do-Check-Act) cycle is the core component of QM systems. In this cycle an audit represents the crucial step "check". Audits verify whether the performed actions and their results conform to the requirements. It is especially important to verify whether the principles of QM are omnipresent and fully implemented in a department or institution. The announcement of an audit may cause mixed feelings or even anxiety among the personnel to be audited. Without previous information and training the audit may be perceived as an act of control and intrusion into departmental affairs. The colleagues often fear sanctions if lapses are found or consider the audit to be a cross-examination. However, an audit is rather meant to be a helpful aid and a chance to continuously improve the departmental QM system by means of a constructive communication among colleagues. In the year 2009 the European Commission published guidelines for the performance of clinical audits in medical radiology, including diagnostic radiology, nuclear medicine and radiation therapy (Council Directive 97 / 43 / EURATOM). The aim is an optimal protection of the individual from the hazards of ionizing radiation and the directive expects radiological departments to perform clinical audits in accordance with national procedures.

  11. Environmental auditing and the role of the accountancy profession: a literature review.

    PubMed

    de Moor, Philippe; de Beelde, Ignace

    2005-08-01

    This review of the literature on environmental auditing and the potential role of accountants distinguishes between compliance audits and audits of the environmental management system. After an extensive introduction to the concept, this review focuses on the similarities and differences between an environmental audit and a financial statement audit. The general approach to both types of audits is similar, except that environmental audits are largely unregulated. Both audits place an emphasis on the evaluation of control systems, which is an argument in favor of external auditors playing a role in environmental audits. Another argument for including external accountants is their code of ethics. However, these professionals seem to be reluctant to enter the field of environmental auditing. It is argued that this reluctance is because of a lack of generally accepted principles for conducting environmental audits. If external accountants are engaged in environmental auditing, they should be part of multidisciplinary teams that also include scientists and engineers to avoid a too strong focus on procedures. Rather than treating these audits as totally different, it is proposed that there be a move towards integrated, or even universal, audits. PMID:15995890

  12. Environmental auditing and the role of the accountancy profession: a literature review.

    PubMed

    de Moor, Philippe; de Beelde, Ignace

    2005-08-01

    This review of the literature on environmental auditing and the potential role of accountants distinguishes between compliance audits and audits of the environmental management system. After an extensive introduction to the concept, this review focuses on the similarities and differences between an environmental audit and a financial statement audit. The general approach to both types of audits is similar, except that environmental audits are largely unregulated. Both audits place an emphasis on the evaluation of control systems, which is an argument in favor of external auditors playing a role in environmental audits. Another argument for including external accountants is their code of ethics. However, these professionals seem to be reluctant to enter the field of environmental auditing. It is argued that this reluctance is because of a lack of generally accepted principles for conducting environmental audits. If external accountants are engaged in environmental auditing, they should be part of multidisciplinary teams that also include scientists and engineers to avoid a too strong focus on procedures. Rather than treating these audits as totally different, it is proposed that there be a move towards integrated, or even universal, audits.

  13. 46 CFR Sec. 12 - Audit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Audit. Sec. 12 Section 12 Shipping MARITIME... TRANSACTIONS UNDER AGENCY AGREEMENTS Reports and Audit Sec. 12 Audit. (a) The owner will audit as currently as possible subsequent to audit by the agent, all documents relating to the activities, maintenance...

  14. The crystallinity of calcium phosphate powders influenced by the conditions of neutralized procedure with citric acid additions

    SciTech Connect

    Li Chengfeng

    2009-05-06

    Calcium phosphate powders with nano-sized crystallinity were synthesized by neutralization using calcium hydroxide and orthophosphoric acid with the assistance of citric acid. The influence of processing parameters, such as free or additive citric acid, synthetic temperature and ripening time, on the crystallinity of hydroxyapatite were investigated. The results of X-ray diffraction and microstructure observations showed that the crystallinity and morphology of nano-sized hydroxyapatite particles were influenced by the presence or absence of citric acid. It was found that the crystallinities and crystallite sizes of hydroxyapatite powders prepared with the additive citric acid increased with increasing synthetic temperature and ripening time. Especially, the crystallinities of (h k 0) planes were raised and more homogeneously grown particles were obtained with increasing synthetic temperature.

  15. 16 CFR 703.7 - Audits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Audits. 703.7 Section 703.7 Commercial Practices FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION RULES, REGULATIONS, STATEMENTS AND INTERPRETATIONS UNDER THE MAGNUSON-MOSS WARRANTY ACT INFORMAL DISPUTE SETTLEMENT PROCEDURES Minimum Requirements of the Mechanism §...

  16. 16 CFR 703.7 - Audits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Audits. 703.7 Section 703.7 Commercial Practices FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION RULES, REGULATIONS, STATEMENTS AND INTERPRETATIONS UNDER THE MAGNUSON-MOSS WARRANTY ACT INFORMAL DISPUTE SETTLEMENT PROCEDURES Minimum Requirements of the Mechanism §...

  17. 16 CFR 703.7 - Audits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Audits. 703.7 Section 703.7 Commercial Practices FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION RULES, REGULATIONS, STATEMENTS AND INTERPRETATIONS UNDER THE MAGNUSON-MOSS WARRANTY ACT INFORMAL DISPUTE SETTLEMENT PROCEDURES Minimum Requirements of the Mechanism §...

  18. 16 CFR 703.7 - Audits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Audits. 703.7 Section 703.7 Commercial Practices FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION RULES, REGULATIONS, STATEMENTS AND INTERPRETATIONS UNDER THE MAGNUSON-MOSS WARRANTY ACT INFORMAL DISPUTE SETTLEMENT PROCEDURES Minimum Requirements of the Mechanism §...

  19. [Why to audit to research ethics committees?].

    PubMed

    Quiroz, Estela

    2010-09-01

    Ethics committees in biomedical research have the responsibility to ensure the protection of human participants in the studies. In order to improve the quality of their work they must undergo audit procedures commissioned by the sponsors and inspections done by the regulatory authorities. Through these procedures, improvement of their functions should be guaranteed, so they can optimize their tasks and accomplish in the best way the purpose for which they were created.

  20. Dosimetric audit in brachytherapy

    PubMed Central

    Bradley, D A; Nisbet, A

    2014-01-01

    Dosimetric audit is required for the improvement of patient safety in radiotherapy and to aid optimization of treatment. The reassurance that treatment is being delivered in line with accepted standards, that delivered doses are as prescribed and that quality improvement is enabled is as essential for brachytherapy as it is for the more commonly audited external beam radiotherapy. Dose measurement in brachytherapy is challenging owing to steep dose gradients and small scales, especially in the context of an audit. Several different approaches have been taken for audit measurement to date: thimble and well-type ionization chambers, thermoluminescent detectors, optically stimulated luminescence detectors, radiochromic film and alanine. In this work, we review all of the dosimetric brachytherapy audits that have been conducted in recent years, look at current audits in progress and propose required directions for brachytherapy dosimetric audit in the future. The concern over accurate source strength measurement may be essentially resolved with modern equipment and calibration methods, but brachytherapy is a rapidly developing field and dosimetric audit must keep pace. PMID:24807068

  1. School Safety Audit Protocol.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    DeMary, Jo Lynne; Owens, Marsha; Ramnarain, A. K. Vijay

    The 1997 Virginia General Assembly passed legislation directing school boards to require all schools to conduct safety audits. This audit is designed to assess the safety conditions in each public school to: (1) identify and, if necessary, develop solutions for physical safety concerns, including building security issues; and (2) identify and…

  2. Auditing Schools for Safety.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Butterfield, Eric,

    2000-01-01

    Explores the issues involved in conducting effective safety audits for educational facilities. Areas covered include auditing for site characteristics, access control, lighting, building exterior, door types and locking mechanisms, key control, alarm system controls, security monitors, and vision panels in the doors. (GR)

  3. 49 CFR 385.317 - Will a safety audit result in a safety fitness determination by the FMCSA?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Will a safety audit result in a safety fitness... SAFETY REGULATIONS SAFETY FITNESS PROCEDURES New Entrant Safety Assurance Program § 385.317 Will a safety audit result in a safety fitness determination by the FMCSA? A safety audit will not result in a...

  4. 49 CFR 385.317 - Will a safety audit result in a safety fitness determination by the FMCSA?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 5 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Will a safety audit result in a safety fitness... SAFETY REGULATIONS SAFETY FITNESS PROCEDURES New Entrant Safety Assurance Program § 385.317 Will a safety audit result in a safety fitness determination by the FMCSA? A safety audit will not result in a...

  5. 49 CFR 385.317 - Will a safety audit result in a safety fitness determination by the FMCSA?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 5 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Will a safety audit result in a safety fitness... SAFETY REGULATIONS SAFETY FITNESS PROCEDURES New Entrant Safety Assurance Program § 385.317 Will a safety audit result in a safety fitness determination by the FMCSA? A safety audit will not result in a...

  6. 49 CFR 385.317 - Will a safety audit result in a safety fitness determination by the FMCSA?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 5 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Will a safety audit result in a safety fitness... SAFETY REGULATIONS SAFETY FITNESS PROCEDURES New Entrant Safety Assurance Program § 385.317 Will a safety audit result in a safety fitness determination by the FMCSA? A safety audit will not result in a...

  7. 49 CFR 385.317 - Will a safety audit result in a safety fitness determination by the FMCSA?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 5 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Will a safety audit result in a safety fitness... SAFETY REGULATIONS SAFETY FITNESS PROCEDURES New Entrant Safety Assurance Program § 385.317 Will a safety audit result in a safety fitness determination by the FMCSA? A safety audit will not result in a...

  8. Internal audit consider the implications.

    PubMed

    Baumgartner, Grant D; Hamilton, Angela

    2004-06-01

    Internal audit can not only allay external and internal concerns about appropriateness of business operations, but also help improve efficiency and the bottom line. To get an internal audit function under way, healthcare organizations need to obtain board buy-in, form an audit committee of the board, determine resources needed, perform a risk assessment, and develop an internal audit plan.

  9. Internal Auditing for School Districts.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cuzzetto, Charles

    This book provides guidelines for conducting internal audits of school districts. The first five chapters provide an overview of internal auditing and describe techniques that can be used to improve or implement internal audits in school districts. They offer information on the definition and benefits of internal auditing, the role of internal…

  10. Clinical governance in practice: closing the loop with integrated audit systems.

    PubMed

    Taylor, L; Jones, S

    2006-04-01

    Clinical governance has been acknowledged as the driving force behind National Health Service (NHS) reform since the government white paper outlined a new style of NHS in the UK in 1997. The framework of clinical governance ensures that NHS organizations are accountable for continually improving the quality of their services and safeguarding high standards of care by creating an environment in which excellence in clinical care will develop. A major component of a clinical governance framework requires utilizing audit procedures, which assess the effectiveness of current systems and ultimately direct continual quality improvement. This paper describes the audit component of a local clinical governance framework designed for a unit based within an NHS trust, which has utilized a multidisciplinary approach to assess the effectiveness of a newly commissioned service and its impact on the residents and staff. The unit is a 12-bedded, low-secure-intensive rehabilitation unit for clients with severe and enduring mental illness. Using recognized and standardized psychometric outcome measures, information was collected on clinical symptoms, social functioning, social behaviour, quality of life, relationship quality with named nurses and medication side-effects. Additionally, confidential staff measures were included to assess levels of burnout, identify expressed emotion and assess staff perception of models of illness. The paper includes a comprehensive account of how managerial commitment, teaching processes and application of technology ensured prompt data collection and maintained the momentum through the audit timescale. Data analysis and presentation of data in both clinical reviews and in senior management meetings within the unit are discussed. Findings highlight the full integration of the audit system into the processes of the unit. Clinically, the paper highlights the enhancement of the knowledge base of the client group and the influence on clinical decision

  11. Clinical audit: Development of the criteria of good practices.

    PubMed

    Soimakallio, S; Alanen, A; Järvinen, H; Ahonen, A; Ceder, K; Lyyra-Laitinen, T; Paunio, M; Sinervo, T; Wigren, T

    2011-09-01

    Clinical audit is a systematic review of the procedures in order to improve the quality and the outcome of patient care, whereby the procedures are examined against agreed standards for good medical RADIOLOGICAL procedures. The criteria of good procedures (i.e. the good practice) are thus the cornerstones for development of clinical audits: these should be the basis of assessments regardless of the type of the audit--external, internal, comprehensive or partial. A lot of criteria for good practices are available through the recommendations and publications by international and national professional societies and other relevant organisations. For practical use in clinical audits, the criteria need to be compiled, sorted out and agreed on for the particular aims of an audit (comprehensive or partial, external or internal). The national professional and scientific societies can provide valuable contribution to this development. For examination--or treatment-specific criteria--preliminary consensus needs to be obtained with the help of clinical experts, while clinical audits can be useful as a benchmarking tool to improve the criteria.

  12. Audit shock avoidance

    SciTech Connect

    Cooper, H.A.

    1994-10-01

    As the number of generating facilities constructed by independent power companies grows in the United States, one undesired by-product will likely be increased scrutiny of the federal income tax treatment of these projects by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS). The IRS has been quite active in recent years auditing electric generating facilities owned by electric utilities, and there is no reason to believe independent power plants will receive any different treatment. In auditing independent power plants, the IRS can be expected to use many of the same arguments and take many of the same positions that it has developed in utility audits.

  13. Tax-deferred annuity plans: meeting the IRS audit challenge.

    PubMed

    Schussler, M

    1997-01-01

    A growing number of nonprofit organizations are being fined for violations of IRS regulations following IRS audits of their tax-deferred annuity (TDA) plans. To ensure that their organizations can withstand the scrutiny of an IRS audit, TDA plan administrators must ensure that plans meet IRS regulations and be prepared for IRS audits. Documentation--particularly of the TDA plan itself, and procedures related to salary reduction programs, compensation limits, excess deferrals and other excess contributions, loans, and distributions--must be comprehensive and in compliance with IRS regulations.

  14. Pilot job accounting and auditing in Open Science Grid

    SciTech Connect

    Sfiligoi, Igor; Green, Chris; Quinn, Greg; Thain, Greg; /Wisconsin U., Madison

    2008-06-01

    The Grid accounting and auditing mechanisms were designed under the assumption that users would submit their jobs directly to the Grid gatekeepers. However, many groups are starting to use pilot-based systems, where users submit jobs to a centralized queue and are successively transferred to the Grid resources by the pilot infrastructure. While this approach greatly improves the user experience, it does disrupt the established accounting and auditing procedures. Open Science Grid deploys gLExec on the worker nodes to keep the pilot-related accounting and auditing information and centralizes the accounting collection with GRATIA.

  15. Internal auditing in hospitals.

    PubMed

    Edwards, Don; Kusel, Jim; Oxner, Tom

    2003-01-01

    The authors analyzed two national surveys to determine answers for two basic questions: How do the roles of internal auditors compare with those of their counterparts in other industries and to what extent over the past 6 years have the activities of internal auditors changed? Internal auditors in hospitals allocate their time primarily to financial/compliance and operational types of audits, as do their counterparts. The current trend is toward more operational types of audits. In the early years of employment, staff turnover in hospitals is significantly higher than in all combined industries, often leading to internal auditors' filling other positions in the organization. Hospital staff salaries are higher than are salaries in other industries combined. Staff composition continues to reflect the growing presence of women in the field. The majority of internal auditing directors believe that their salaries are fair, would recommend internal auditing as a career position, and are treated as valued consultants in the organization.

  16. Auditing the auditors.

    PubMed

    Pallarito, K

    1998-09-21

    An independent auditor's opinion is supposed to be the gold standard in healthcare accounting. Such audits provide reasonable assurance that financial statements are accurate, which is particularly important in not-for-profit healthcare because most organizations don't have shareholder oversight. But the recent firing of a Big Five accounting firm by a major healthcare system in bankruptcy reorganization raises questions about the credibility of external audits. PMID:10185568

  17. Oneida Tribe Energy Audits

    SciTech Connect

    Olson, Ray; Schubert, Eugene

    2014-08-15

    Project funding energy audits of 44 Tribally owned buildings operated by the Oneida Tribe of Indians of WI. Buildings were selected for their size, age, or known energy concerns and total over 1 million square feet. Audits include feasibility studies, lists of energy improvement opportunities, and a strategic energy plan to address cost effective ways to save energy via energy efficiency upgrades over the short and long term.

  18. Financial Statement Audit: U.S. Department of Education, Federal Direct Student Loan Program for the Year Ended September 30, 1994. Audit Control Number 17-48320.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Office of Inspector General (ED), Washington, DC.

    An independent audit was done of the principal financial statements of the William D. Ford Federal Direct Loan Program of the Department of Education for the year ending September 30, 1994. In planning and performing the review the auditors considered the internal control structure of the program in order to determine auditing procedures. The…

  19. Automated gaseous criteria pollutant audits

    SciTech Connect

    Watson, J.P.

    1998-12-31

    The Quality Assurance Section (QAS) of the California Air Resources Board (CARB) began performing automated gaseous audits of its ambient air monitoring sites in July 1996. The concept of automated audits evolved from the constant streamlining of the through-the-probe audit process. Continual audit van development and the desire to utilize advanced technology to save time and improve the accuracy of the overall audit process also contributed to the concept. The automated audit process is a computer program which controls an audit van`s ambient gas calibration system, isolated relay and analog to digital cards, and a monitoring station`s data logging system. The program instructs the audit van`s gas calibration system to deliver specified audit concentrations to a monitoring station`s instruments through their collection probe inlet. The monitoring station`s responses to the audit concentrations are obtained by the program polling the station`s datalogger through its RS-232 port. The program calculates relevant audit statistics and stores all data collected during an audit in a relational database. Planning for the development of an automated gaseous audit system began in earnest in 1993, when the CARB purchased computerized ambient air calibration systems which could be remotely controlled by computer through their serial ports. After receiving all the required components of the automated audit system, they were individually tested to confirm their correct operation. Subsequently, a prototype program was developed to perform through-the-probe automated ozone audits. Numerous simulated ozone audits documented the program`s ability to control audit equipment and extract data from a monitoring station`s data logging system. The program was later modified to incorporate the capability to perform audits for carbon monoxide, total hydrocarbons, methane, nitrogen dioxide, sulfur dioxide, and hydrogen sulfide.

  20. Educational Accounting Procedures.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tidwell, Sam B.

    This chapter of "Principles of School Business Management" reviews the functions, procedures, and reports with which school business officials must be familiar in order to interpret and make decisions regarding the school district's financial position. Among the accounting functions discussed are financial management, internal auditing, annual…

  1. Energy audits at 48 hospitals

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hirst, E.

    1981-11-01

    Staff at the Oak Ridge Associated Universities (ORAU) conducted energy audits at 48 hospitals in four states (New York, Pennsylvania, Virginia, Tennessee) between 1978 and 1980. Staff at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) and ORAU developed and organized a computerized data base containing information from these audits. This paper describes the ORAU audit process; summarizes the data collected from these audits on hospital characteristics annual energy use, and the audit recommendations; and analyzes the audit data in terms of cost effectiveness, type of recommendations, and the relationship between potential energy saving and characteristics of the individual hospital.

  2. 10 CFR 603.1295 - Periodic audit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Periodic audit. 603.1295 Section 603.1295 Energy... Used in this Part § 603.1295 Periodic audit. An audit of a participant, performed at an agreed-upon... an audit may cover. A periodic audit of a participant differs from an award-specific audit of...

  3. 29 CFR 96.42 - Audit standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Audit standards. 96.42 Section 96.42 Labor Office of the Secretary of Labor AUDIT REQUIREMENTS FOR GRANTS, CONTRACTS, AND OTHER AGREEMENTS Access to Records, Audit Standards and Relation of Organization-wide Audits to Other Audit Requirements § 96.42 Audit...

  4. 7 CFR 1773.7 - Audit standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 12 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Audit standards. 1773.7 Section 1773.7 Agriculture... (CONTINUED) POLICY ON AUDITS OF RUS BORROWERS RUS Audit Requirements § 1773.7 Audit standards. (a) The audit must be performed in accordance with GAGAS and this part. The audit must be performed in...

  5. 7 CFR 1773.7 - Audit standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 12 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Audit standards. 1773.7 Section 1773.7 Agriculture... (CONTINUED) POLICY ON AUDITS OF RUS BORROWERS RUS Audit Requirements § 1773.7 Audit standards. (a) The audit must be performed in accordance with GAGAS and this part. The audit must be performed in...

  6. A risk-based approach to scheduling audits.

    PubMed

    Rönninger, Stephan; Holmes, Malcolm

    2009-01-01

    The manufacture and supply of pharmaceutical products can be a very complex operation. Companies may purchase a wide variety of materials, from active pharmaceutical ingredients to packaging materials, from "in company" suppliers or from third parties. They may also purchase or contract a number of services such as analysis, data management, audit, among others. It is very important that these materials and services are of the requisite quality in order that patient safety and company reputation are adequately protected. Such quality requirements are ongoing throughout the product life cycle. In recent years, assurance of quality has been derived via audit of the supplier or service provider and by using periodic audits, for example, annually or at least once every 5 years. In the past, companies may have used an audit only for what they considered to be "key" materials or services and used testing on receipt, for example, as their quality assurance measure for "less important" supplies. Such approaches changed as a result of pressure from both internal sources and regulators to the time-driven audit for all suppliers and service providers. Companies recognised that eventually they would be responsible for the quality of the supplied product or service and audit, although providing only a "snapshot in time" seemed a convenient way of demonstrating that they were meeting their obligations. Problems, however, still occur with the supplied product or service and will usually be more frequent from certain suppliers. Additionally, some third-party suppliers will no longer accept routine audits from individual companies, as the overall audit load can exceed one external audit per working day. Consequently a different model is needed for assessing supplier quality. This paper presents a risk-based approach to creating an audit plan and for scheduling the frequency and depth of such audits. The approach is based on the principles and process of the Quality Risk Management

  7. Final report of the UMTRA independent technical review of TAC audit programs

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1994-10-01

    This report details the findings of an Independent Technical Review (ITR) of practices and procedures for the Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project audit program. The audit program is conducted by Jacobs Engineering Group Inc., the Technical Assistance Contractor (TAC) for the UMTRA Project. The purpose of the ITR was to ensure that the TAC audit program is effective and is conducted efficiently. The ITR was conducted from May 16-20, 1994. A review team observed audit practices in the field, reviewed the TAC audit program`s documentation, and discussed the program with TAC staff and management. The format of this report has been developed around EPA guidelines; they comprise most of the major section headings. Each section begins by identifying the criteria that the TAC program is measured against, then describing the approach used by the ITR team to measure each TAC audit program against the criteria. An assessment of each type of audit is then summarized for each component in the following order: Radiological audit summary; Health and safety audit summary; Environmental audit summary; Quality assurance audit summary.

  8. 29 CFR 96.43 - Relation of organization-wide audits to other audit requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Relation of organization-wide audits to other audit..., CONTRACTS, AND OTHER AGREEMENTS Access to Records, Audit Standards and Relation of Organization-wide Audits to Other Audit Requirements § 96.43 Relation of organization-wide audits to other audit...

  9. Student Activity Funds: Procedures and Controls.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cuzzetto, Charles E.

    2000-01-01

    An effective internal-control system can help school business administrators meet the challenges of accounting for student activity funds. Such a system should include appropriate policies and procedures, identification of key control points, self-assessments, audit trails, and internal and external audits. (MLH)

  10. Final Technical Report. Training in Building Audit Technologies

    SciTech Connect

    Brosemer, Kathleen

    2015-03-27

    In 2011, the Tribe proposed and was awarded the Training in Building Audit Technologies grant from the DOE in the amount of $55,748 to contract for training programs for infrared cameras, blower door technology applications and building systems. The coursework consisted of; Infrared Camera Training: Level I - Thermal Imaging for Energy Audits; Blower Door Analysis and Building-As-A-System Training, Building Performance Institute (BPI) Building Analyst; Building Envelope Training, Building Performance Institute (BPI) Envelope Professional; and Audit/JobFLEX Tablet Software. Competitive procurement of the training contractor resulted in lower costs, allowing the Tribe to request and receive DOE approval to additionally purchase energy audit equipment and contract for residential energy audits of 25 low-income Tribal Housing units. Sault Tribe personnel received field training to supplement the classroom instruction on proper use of the energy audit equipment. Field experience was provided through the second DOE energy audits grant, allowing Sault Tribe personnel to join the contractor, Building Science Academy, in conducting 25 residential energy audits of low-income Tribal Housing units.

  11. Environmental audit, Bonneville Power Administration, lower Columbia area

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1990-11-01

    This report documents the results of the US Department of Energy's (DOE's) Environmental Audit conducted by the DOE Headquarters Office of Environmental Audit within the Bonneville Power Administration's (BPA's) Lower Columbia Area. The BPA facilities included in the Audit are the Ross Complex in Vancouver, Washington; the substations of North Bonneville, North Bonneville Annex, Camas, and Longview within the state of Washington; and the Acton and Troutdale Substations within the state of Oregon. The independent Audit was conducted by a team of professionals from DOE and contractors. The purpose of the Audit is to provide the Secretary of Energy, Admiral James D. Watkins, Ret., with the status of environmental programs within BPA's Lower Columbia Area. The Environmental Audit team identified 25 findings dealing with the lack of conformance with federal and state laws and regulations and DOE Orders, and 7 findings in which BMPs were not attained. Although all findings require corrective action, none required cessation of operations or reflect situations that present an immediate risk to public health or the environment. The Audit team noted inadequacies in PCB management included storage, labeling, reporting, and spill control. The most significant causal factors for the findings include lack of policy implementation throughout the Lower Columbia Area, inadequate training of personnel charged with environmental protection, lack of standard operating procedures for many programs, lack of reviews and appraisals, and an inaccurate perception of low risk for environmental concerns.

  12. Decentralization Calls for Internal Audits.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    DiCello, Jim

    1995-01-01

    Outlines internal-auditing strategies necessitated by decentralization. Describes the following areas of concern: the student activities account, student attendance, and funding delegated to the site level. Guidelines for conducting an internal audit are also included. (LMI)

  13. Sault Tribe Building Efficiency Energy Audits

    SciTech Connect

    Holt, Jeffrey W.

    2013-09-26

    The Sault Ste. Marie Tribe of Chippewa Indians is working to reduce energy consumption and expense in Tribally-owned governmental buildings. The Sault Ste. Marie Tribe of Chippewa Indians will conduct energy audits of nine Tribally-owned governmental buildings in three counties in the Upper Peninsula of Michigan to provide a basis for evaluating and selecting the technical and economic viability of energy efficiency improvement options. The Sault Ste. Marie Tribe of Chippewa Indians will follow established Tribal procurement policies and procedures to secure the services of a qualified provider to conduct energy audits of nine designated buildings. The contracted provider will be required to provide a progress schedule to the Tribe prior to commencing the project and submit an updated schedule with their monthly billings. Findings and analysis reports will be required for buildings as completed, and a complete Energy Audit Summary Report will be required to be submitted with the provider?s final billing. Conducting energy audits of the nine governmental buildings will disclose building inefficiencies to prioritize and address, resulting in reduced energy consumption and expense. These savings will allow Tribal resources to be reallocated to direct services, which will benefit Tribal members and families.

  14. Internal Audit in Higher Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Holmes, Alison, Ed.; Brown, Sally, Ed.

    This book describes a range of examples of internal audit in higher education as part of a process of the exchange of good practice. The book recognizes well-established links with audit theory from other contexts and makes use of theoretical perspectives explored in the financial sector. The chapters are: (1) "Quality Audit Issues" (Sally Brown…

  15. Developmental Audits with Challenging Youth

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brendtro, Larry K.; du Toit, Lesley; Bath, Howard; Van Bockern, Steve

    2006-01-01

    The Developmental Audit[R] is a new strength-based assessment model for youth who are in conflict in home, school, or community. Developmental Audits involve collaboration with young persons who are seen as experts on themselves. Discussing challenging life events provides a window to the young person's private logic and goals. The audit scans…

  16. The Brazilian Audit Tribunal's role in improving the federal environmental licensing process

    SciTech Connect

    Lima, Luiz Henrique; Magrini, Alessandra

    2010-02-15

    This article describes the role played by the Brazilian Audit Tribunal (Tribunal de Contas da Uniao - TCU) in the external auditing of environmental management in Brazil, highlighting the findings of an operational audit conducted in 2007 of the federal environmental licensing process. Initially, it records the constitutional and legal framework of Brazilian environmental licensing, describing the powers and duties granted to federal, state and municipal institutions. In addition, it presents the responsibilities of the TCU in the environmental area, comparing these with those of other Supreme Audit Institutions (SAI) that are members of the International Organization of Supreme Audit Institutions (INTOSAI). It also describes the work carried out in the operational audit of the Brazilian environmental licensing process and its main conclusions and recommendations. Finally, it draws a parallel between the findings and recommendations made in Brazil with those of academic studies and audits conducted in other countries.

  17. National Energy Audit

    SciTech Connect

    Gettings, Michael B.

    2001-12-30

    A user-friendly, advanced computer energy audit, the National Energy Audit (NEAT) has been developed by the Existing Buildings Research Program at Oak Ridge National Laboratory''s (ORNL''s) Building Technology Center for the U.S. Department of Energy''s (DOE''s) Weatherization Assistance and Existing Buildings Program. The computer program is designed for use by State agencies and utilities to determine the most cost-effective retrofit measures for single-family homes to increase the energy efficiency and comfort level. NEAT7.1.3 contains minor changes and improvements in NEAT7.1.

  18. National Energy Audit

    2001-12-30

    A user-friendly, advanced computer energy audit, the National Energy Audit (NEAT) has been developed by the Existing Buildings Research Program at Oak Ridge National Laboratory''s (ORNL''s) Building Technology Center for the U.S. Department of Energy''s (DOE''s) Weatherization Assistance and Existing Buildings Program. The computer program is designed for use by State agencies and utilities to determine the most cost-effective retrofit measures for single-family homes to increase the energy efficiency and comfort level. NEAT7.1.3 contains minormore » changes and improvements in NEAT7.1.« less

  19. Extending Vaidyanathan's procedure to improve the performance of unitary filter banks with a fixed lowpass by using additional elementary building blocks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Steffen, Peter; Brandhuber, Wolfgang

    2007-09-01

    Wavelet decomposition of signals using the classical Daubechies-Wavelets could also be considered as a decomposition using a filter bank with two channels, a low pass and a high pass channel, represented by the father and mother wavelet, respectively. By generalizing this two channel approach filter banks with N >= 2 channels can be constructed. They possess one scaling function or father wavelet representing the low pass filter and one, two or more mother wavelets representing band pass filters. The resulting band pass filters do not show a satisfactory selective behavior, in general. Hence, a modification of the generalized design seems appropriate. Based on Vaidyanathan's procedure we developed a method to modify the modulation matrix under the condition that the low pass is unchanged and the degree of the band pass filters is not increased. This can be achieved by introducing one or more additional elementary building blocks under certain orthogonality constraints with respect to their generating vectors. While the (polynomial) degree of the modulation matrix remains unchanged, its complexity increases due to its increased McMillan degree.

  20. An audit of blood bank services

    PubMed Central

    Kumar, Alok; Sharma, Satish; Ingole, Narayan; Gangane, Nitin

    2014-01-01

    Background: An audit is a written series of simple, direct questions, which when answered and reviewed, tell whether the laboratory is performing its procedures, activities, and policies correctly and on time. Aim: The aim of this study is to briefly highlight the importance of audit in blood bank services. Materials and Methods: An Audit of Blood Bank Services was carried out in a Blood bank of the tertiary care hospital, Central India by using the tool kit, (comprised of checklists) developed by Directorate General of Health Services, Dhaka WHO, July 2008. Results: After going through these checklists, we observed that there is no system for assessing the training needs of staff in the blood bank. There was no provision for duty doctor's room, expert room, medical technologist room and duty care service. There was no checklist for routine check for observation of hemolysis and deterioration of blood and plasma. There was no facility for separate private interview to exclude sexual disease in the donor. Requisition forms were not properly filled for blood transfusion indications. There was no facility for notification of donors who are permanently deferred. There were no records documented for donors who are either temporarily or permanently deferred on the basis of either clinical examination, history, or serological examination. It was found that wearing of apron, cap, and mask was not done properly except in serology laboratory. When the requisition forms for blood transfusions were audited, it was found that many requisition forms were without indications. Conclusion: Regular audit of blood bank services needs to be initiated in all blood banks and the results needs to be discussed among the managements, colleagues, and staffs of blood bank. These results will provide a good opportunity for finding strategies in improving the blood bank services with appropriate and safe use of blood. PMID:24741651

  1. 48 CFR 42.1503 - Procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... submit past performance reports electronically to the Past Performance Information Retrieval System... CONTRACT ADMINISTRATION AND AUDIT SERVICES Contractor Performance Information 42.1503 Procedures. (a.... Those individuals identified may obtain information for the evaluation of performance from the...

  2. 48 CFR 2942.1503 - Procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... at least annually for submission to the Past Performance Information Retrieval System (PPIRS), and... ADMINISTRATION AND AUDIT SERVICES Contractor Performance Information 2942.1503 Procedures. (a) In accordance with... criteria within their contracting activities. (d) Release of contractor performance evaluation...

  3. [Nurses' practice in health audit].

    PubMed

    Pinto, Karina Araújo; de Melo, Cristina Maria Meira

    2010-09-01

    The objective of this investigation was to identify nurses' practice in heath audit. The hermeneutic-dialectic method was used for the analysis. The study was performed in three loci: the internal audit service of a hospital; the external audit service of a private health service buyer, and the state audit service of the public health system (SUS, acronym in Portuguese for Sistema Unico de Saúde-Unique Health System), in Bahia. Nine audit nurses were interviewed. In the SUS audit, the nurses report being fulfilled with their practice and with the valorization of their professional role. In the private audit--both inside and outside of health organizations--the nurses' activities are focused on meeting the interests of their contractors, and do not get much involved with the care delivered by the nursing team and with the needs of service users.

  4. Office of Inspector General audit report on credit card usage at the Ohio Field Office and the Fernald and Miamisburg Environmental Management Projects

    SciTech Connect

    1999-03-01

    In 1994 the Department of Energy (Department) obtained the services of Rocky Mountain BankCard System, through the use of a General Services Administration contract, as a means for the Department and its contractors to make small purchases. The use of credit cards was expected to simplify small purchase procedures and improve cash management. The Ohio Field Office (Field Office) uses the credit card system and oversees usage by its area offices. Contractors under the Field Office also use the credit card system to make small purchases. The Office of Inspector General (OIG) has issued one audit report concerning the use of credit cards. In April 1996, the OIG issued Report WR-B-96-06, Audit of Bonneville Power Administration`s Management of Information Resources. The audit concluded that improvements could be made in implementing credit card and property procedures in Bonneville`s management of computer-related equipment. Specifically, many credit card purchases were made by employees whose authority to buy was not properly documented, and the purchasing files often lacked invoices that would show what was purchased. Additionally, some cardholders split purchases to avoid credit card limits. The objective of this audit was to determine whether the Field Office, Fernald and Miamisburg Environmental Management Projects, Fluor Daniel, and B and W were using credit cards for the appropriate purposes and within the limitations established by Federal and Departmental regulations.

  5. COBRA compliance. Audit guidelines.

    PubMed

    Pranschke, S C

    1996-01-01

    An employer should evaluate the status of its records on COBRA compliance, paying particular attention to items the IRS will request. Prompt correction of any short-comings can help to decrease exposure during a COBRA audit. An added advantage will be a more systematic administration of this area of employee benefits.

  6. Passing the Audition

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Poliniak, Susan

    2012-01-01

    Auditioning is often uncomfortable but can lead to great rewards. Music educators can do much to help their students be at their best in front of a panel. In this article, four experts share their experiences as adjudicators and their advice on how best to prepare students for the process.

  7. Going beyond Audit

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thomas, Mike; Liss, Anne; Milner, Alastair

    2011-01-01

    This article describes the work undertaken by a cluster of Resource Teachers: Learning and Behaviour (RTLB) to ensure that annual effectiveness reviews were more than a compliance exercise but a genuine attempt to improve their service to schools, hence the title of this article of "Going Beyond Audit". Historically, the cluster had met the…

  8. Energy Audit . . . Here's How.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American School and University, 1983

    1983-01-01

    After establishing building use patterns and complaints, a consulting engineer's walkthrough energy audit begins with the exterior. Then heating/cooling system efficiency is checked with a flue gases kit. Efficient use of water heaters, lighting, teacher lounges, and food preparation and eating areas saves energy. Most effective conservation…

  9. Conducting a Technology Audit

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Flaherty, William

    2011-01-01

    Technology is a critical component in the success of any high-functioning school district, thus it is important that education leaders should examine it closely. Simply put, the purpose of a technology audit is to assess the effectiveness of the technology for administrative or instructional use. Rogers Public Schools in Rogers, Arkansas, recently…

  10. Process audits versus product quality monitoring of bulk milk.

    PubMed

    Velthuis, A G J; van Asseldonk, M A P M

    2011-01-01

    additional information but has a limited association with the outcome of a product quality control program. This study suggests that farm audits could be streamlined to include only relevant checklist items and that bulk milk quality monitoring could be used as a basis of selecting farms for more or less frequent audits. PMID:21183034

  11. 12 CFR 704.15 - Audit requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... summary of the audit report to the membership at the next annual meeting. (b) Internal audit. A corporate... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Audit requirements. 704.15 Section 704.15 Banks... UNIONS § 704.15 Audit requirements. (a) External audit. The corporate credit union supervisory...

  12. 29 CFR 99.200 - Audit requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... the Secretary of Labor AUDITS OF STATES, LOCAL GOVERNMENTS, AND NON-PROFIT ORGANIZATIONS Audits § 99.200 Audit requirements. (a) Audit required. Non-Federal entities that expend $300,000 or more in a.... Guidance on determining Federal awards expended is provided in § 99.205. (b) Single audit....

  13. 29 CFR 99.510 - Audit findings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Audit findings. 99.510 Section 99.510 Labor Office of the Secretary of Labor AUDITS OF STATES, LOCAL GOVERNMENTS, AND NON-PROFIT ORGANIZATIONS Auditors § 99.510 Audit findings. (a) Audit findings reported. The auditor shall report the following as audit findings in...

  14. 38 CFR 41.200 - Audit requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...) AUDITS OF STATES, LOCAL GOVERNMENTS, AND NON-PROFIT ORGANIZATIONS Audits § 41.200 Audit requirements. (a) Audit required. Non-Federal entities that expend $500,000 or more in a year in Federal awards shall have... part. Guidance on determining Federal awards expended is provided in § 41.205. (b) Single audit....

  15. 16 CFR 703.7 - Audits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Audits. 703.7 Section 703.7 Commercial... Audits. (a) The Mechanism shall have an audit conducted at least annually, to determine whether the... be kept under § 703.6 of this part shall be available for audit. (b) Each audit provided for...

  16. 12 CFR 620.30 - Audit committees.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Audit committees. 620.30 Section 620.30 Banks... Association Audit and Compensation Committees § 620.30 Audit committees. Each Farm Credit bank and association must establish and maintain an audit committee. An audit committee is established by adopting a...

  17. 13 CFR 120.490 - Audits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Audits. 120.490 Section 120.490... Companies (sblc) § 120.490 Audits. Every SBLC is subject to periodic audits by SBA's Office of Inspector General, Auditing Division, and the cost of such audits will be assessed against the SBLC, except for...

  18. 30 CFR 735.22 - Audit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Audit. 735.22 Section 735.22 Mineral Resources... ENFORCEMENT § 735.22 Audit. The agency shall arrange for an independent audit no less frequently than once..., Attachment P. The audits will be performed in accordance with the “Standards for Audit of...

  19. 32 CFR 37.1325 - Periodic audit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Periodic audit. 37.1325 Section 37.1325 National... TECHNOLOGY INVESTMENT AGREEMENTS Definitions of Terms Used in This Part § 37.1325 Periodic audit. An audit of... awards. Appendix C to this part describes what such an audit may cover. A periodic audit of a...

  20. 20 CFR 655.1312 - Audits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Audits. 655.1312 Section 655.1312 Employees... United States (H-2A Workers) § 655.1312 Audits. (a) Discretion. The Department will conduct audits of... selected for audit will be chosen within the sole discretion of the Department. (b) Audit letter. Where...

  1. 32 CFR 37.1325 - Periodic audit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Periodic audit. 37.1325 Section 37.1325 National... TECHNOLOGY INVESTMENT AGREEMENTS Definitions of Terms Used in This Part § 37.1325 Periodic audit. An audit of... awards. Appendix C to this part describes what such an audit may cover. A periodic audit of a...

  2. 12 CFR 704.15 - Audit requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Audit requirements. 704.15 Section 704.15 Banks... UNIONS § 704.15 Audit requirements. (a) External audit. The corporate credit union supervisory committee shall cause an annual opinion audit of the financial statements to be made. The audit must be...

  3. 7 CFR 3052.200 - Audit requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Audit requirements. 3052.200 Section 3052.200..., DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE AUDITS OF STATES, LOCAL GOVERNMENTS, AND NON-PROFIT ORGANIZATIONS Audits § 3052.200 Audit requirements. (a) Audit required. Non-Federal entities that expend $500,000 or more in a year...

  4. 30 CFR 1217.250 - Audits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Audits. 1217.250 Section 1217.250 Mineral... Revenue AUDITS AND INSPECTIONS Other Solid Minerals § 1217.250 Audits. An audit of the lessee's accounts... duplicate copies of such annual or other audits to the mining supervisor, within 30 days after...

  5. 7 CFR 1290.10 - Audit requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Audit requirements. 1290.10 Section 1290.10... PROGRAM § 1290.10 Audit requirements. The State is accountable for conducting a financial audit of the... audit, a copy of the audit results....

  6. 20 CFR 655.1312 - Audits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Audits. 655.1312 Section 655.1312 Employees... United States (H-2A Workers) § 655.1312 Audits. (a) Discretion. The Department will conduct audits of... selected for audit will be chosen within the sole discretion of the Department. (b) Audit letter. Where...

  7. 7 CFR 1773.8 - Audit date.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 12 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Audit date. 1773.8 Section 1773.8 Agriculture... (CONTINUED) POLICY ON AUDITS OF RUS BORROWERS RUS Audit Requirements § 1773.8 Audit date. (a) The annual audit must be performed as of the end of the same calendar month each year unless prior approval...

  8. 30 CFR 735.22 - Audit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Audit. 735.22 Section 735.22 Mineral Resources... ENFORCEMENT § 735.22 Audit. The agency shall arrange for an independent audit no less frequently than once..., Attachment P. The audits will be performed in accordance with the “Standards for Audit of...

  9. 7 CFR 1773.3 - Annual audit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 12 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Annual audit. 1773.3 Section 1773.3 Agriculture... (CONTINUED) POLICY ON AUDITS OF RUS BORROWERS RUS Audit Requirements § 1773.3 Annual audit. (a) Each borrower... RUS as set forth in § 1773.4. (b) Each borrower must establish an annual as of audit date...

  10. 7 CFR 1773.3 - Annual audit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 12 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Annual audit. 1773.3 Section 1773.3 Agriculture... (CONTINUED) POLICY ON AUDITS OF RUS BORROWERS RUS Audit Requirements § 1773.3 Annual audit. (a) Each borrower... RUS as set forth in § 1773.4. (b) Each borrower must establish an annual as of audit date...

  11. Reviewing audit: barriers and facilitating factors for effective clinical audit

    PubMed Central

    Johnston, G; Crombie, I; Alder, E; Davies, H; Millard, A

    2000-01-01

    I K Crombie, professor and E M Alder, senior lecturer H T O Davies, reader A Millard, research fellow Objective—To review the literature on the benefits and disadvantages of clinical and medical audit, and to assess the main facilitators and barriers to conducting the audit process. Design—A comprehensive literature review was undertaken through a thorough review of Medline and CINAHL databases using the keywords of "audit", "audit of audits", and "evaluation of audits" and a handsearch of the indexes of relevant journals for key papers. Results—Findings from 93 publications were reviewed. These ranged from single case studies of individual audit projects through retrospective reviews of departmental audit programmes to studies of interface projects between primary and secondary care. The studies reviewed incorporated the experiences of a wide variety of clinicians, from medical consultants to professionals allied to medicine and from those involved in unidisciplinary and multidisciplinary ventures. Perceived benefits of audit included improved communication among colleagues and other professional groups, improved patient care, increased professional satisfaction, and better administration. Some disadvantages of audit were perceived as diminished clinical ownership, fear of litigation, hierarchical and territorial suspicions, and professional isolation. The main barriers to clinical audit can be classified under five main headings. These are lack of resources, lack of expertise or advice in project design and analysis, problems between groups and group members, lack of an overall plan for audit, and organisational impediments. Key facilitating factors to audit were also identified: they included modern medical records systems, effective training, dedicated staff, protected time, structured programmes, and a shared dialogue between purchasers and providers. Conclusions—Clinical audit can be a valuable assistance to any programme which aims to improve the

  12. Dosimetry for audit and clinical trials: challenges and requirements

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kron, T.; Haworth, A.; Williams, I.

    2013-06-01

    Many important dosimetry audit networks for radiotherapy have their roots in clinical trial quality assurance (QA). In both scenarios it is essential to test two issues: does the treatment plan conform with the clinical requirements and is the plan a reasonable representation of what is actually delivered to a patient throughout their course of treatment. Part of a sound quality program would be an external audit of these issues with verification of the equivalence of plan and treatment typically referred to as a dosimetry audit. The increasing complexity of radiotherapy planning and delivery makes audits challenging. While verification of absolute dose delivered at a reference point was the standard of external dosimetry audits two decades ago this is often deemed inadequate for verification of treatment approaches such as Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy (IMRT) and Volumetric Modulated Arc Therapy (VMAT). As such, most dosimetry audit networks have successfully introduced more complex tests of dose delivery using anthropomorphic phantoms that can be imaged, planned and treated as a patient would. The new challenge is to adapt this approach to ever more diversified radiotherapy procedures with image guided/adaptive radiotherapy, motion management and brachytherapy being the focus of current research.

  13. 40 CFR 90.514 - Hearing procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 20 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Hearing procedures. 90.514 Section 90.514 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED... Auditing § 90.514 Hearing procedures. The procedures provided in § 86.1014-84 (i) to (s) apply for...

  14. 40 CFR 90.514 - Hearing procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 20 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Hearing procedures. 90.514 Section 90.514 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED... Auditing § 90.514 Hearing procedures. The procedures provided in § 86.1014-84 (i) to (s) apply for...

  15. The ICA Communication Audit: Process, Status, Critique

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goldhaber, Gerald M.; Krivonos, Paul D.

    1977-01-01

    Explores the International Communication Association (ICA) Audit process including goals, products, instruments, audit logistics and timetable, feedback of results and follow-up, costs, current status and audits conducted to date. (ED.)

  16. 38 CFR 41.220 - Frequency of audits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...) AUDITS OF STATES, LOCAL GOVERNMENTS, AND NON-PROFIT ORGANIZATIONS Audits § 41.220 Frequency of audits... audit. (b) Any non-profit organization that had biennial audits for all biennial periods ending...

  17. The Use of Fractionation Scales for Communication Audits.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barnett, George A.; And Others

    A study investigated a new method of measuring organizational communication other than the audit methods currently in use. The method, which employs fractionation procedures, was used with workers from five different business groups within a large multinational corporation. The results showed that: (1) workers could use the scales reliably, (2)…

  18. 14 CFR 151.55 - Accounting and audit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Accounting and audit. 151.55 Section 151.55... FEDERAL AID TO AIRPORTS Rules and Procedures for Airport Development Projects § 151.55 Accounting and... accounting record to allow appropriate personnel of the FAA to determine all funds received (including...

  19. 14 CFR 151.55 - Accounting and audit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Accounting and audit. 151.55 Section 151.55... FEDERAL AID TO AIRPORTS Rules and Procedures for Airport Development Projects § 151.55 Accounting and... accounting record to allow appropriate personnel of the FAA to determine all funds received (including...

  20. 12 CFR 1710.18 - Change of audit partner.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Change of audit partner. 1710.18 Section 1710.18 Banks and Banking OFFICE OF FEDERAL HOUSING ENTERPRISE OVERSIGHT, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT SAFETY AND SOUNDNESS CORPORATE GOVERNANCE Corporate Practices and Procedures § 1710.18 Change...

  1. AN AUDITING FRAMEWORK TO SUBSTANTIATE ELECTRONIC RECORDKEEPING PRACTICES

    EPA Science Inventory

    Quality assurance audits of computer systems help to ensure that the end data meet the needs of the user. Increasingly complex systems require the stepwise procedures outlined below.

    The areas reviewed in this paper include both technical and evidentiary criteria. I...

  2. 14 CFR 151.55 - Accounting and audit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Accounting and audit. 151.55 Section 151.55... FEDERAL AID TO AIRPORTS Rules and Procedures for Airport Development Projects § 151.55 Accounting and... accounting record to allow appropriate personnel of the FAA to determine all funds received (including...

  3. 14 CFR 151.55 - Accounting and audit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Accounting and audit. 151.55 Section 151.55... FEDERAL AID TO AIRPORTS Rules and Procedures for Airport Development Projects § 151.55 Accounting and... accounting record to allow appropriate personnel of the FAA to determine all funds received (including...

  4. Criteria for internal auditing.

    PubMed

    Holder, W W; Clay, R J

    1979-01-01

    An effective, inclusive internal auditing endeavor should help assure hospital managements that (1) an adequate system of internal control exists to assure the safeguarding of assets and the reliability of data produced by the financial information system, (2) uneconomic operating practices are detected promptly so they can be remedied, and (3) program results and effectiveness levels are of sufficiently high quality to demonstrate managerial competence.

  5. NEVER AUDIT ALONE--THE CASE FOR AUDIT TEAMS

    EPA Science Inventory

    On-site audits conducted by technical and quality assurance (QA) experts at the data-gathering location are the core of an effective QA program. However, inadequate resources for such audits are the bane of a QA program, and the proposed solution frequently is to send only one au...

  6. Environmental auditing: Theory and applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Thompson, Dixon; Wilson, Melvin J.

    1994-07-01

    The environmental audit has become a regular part of corporate environmental management in Canada and is also gaining recognition in the public sector. A 1991 survey of 75 private sector companies across Canada revealed that 76% (57/75) had established environmental auditing programs. A similar survey of 19 federal, provincial, and municipal government departments revealed that 11% (2/19) had established such programs. The information gained from environmental audits can be used to facilitate and enhance environmental management from the single facility level to the national and international levels. This paper is divided into two sections: section one examines environmental audits at the facility/company level and discusses environmental audit characteristics, trends, and driving forces not commonly found in the available literature. Important conclusions are: that wherever possible, an action plan to correct the identified problems should be an integral part of an audit, and therefore there should be a close working relationship between auditors, managers, and employees, and that the first audits will generally be more difficult, time consuming, and expensive than subsequent audits. Section two looks at environmental audits in the broader context and discusses the relationship between environmental audits and three other environmental information gathering/analysis tools: environmental impact assessments, state of the environment reports, and new systems of national accounts. The argument is made that the information collected by environmental audits and environmental impact assessments at the facility/company level can be used as the bases for regional and national state of the environment reports and new systems of national accounts.

  7. The Audit Committee. Board Basics

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ostrom, John S.

    2004-01-01

    The Effective Committees set of booklets comprises publications on the following committees: investment, buildings and grounds, academic affairs, student affairs, finance, development, trustees, audit, compensation, and executive. It is part of the AGB Board Basics Series. This report describes the primary role of an audit committee. The primary…

  8. Getting Ready for an Audit.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jacobsen, Julia

    1979-01-01

    The increasing intrusion of the federal government in institutional affairs and accountability make audits of higher education institutions inevitable. Some suggestions on how to be prepared for an audit are provided. Suggestions include familiarization with regulations, current indirect cost rate, and current rate for benefits negotiated with…

  9. Women's Campus Safety Audit Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Council of Ontario Universities, Toronto.

    This booklet is designed for those who want to make the college campus a safer environment for women. Specifically, it provides information to help make public and semi-public places safer and more comfortable for women, focusing on preventing sexual harassment and assault. The booklet introduces the safety audit and explains what the audit is…

  10. The impact of RAC audits on US hospitals.

    PubMed

    Harrison, Jeffrey P; Barksdale, Rachel M

    2013-01-01

    The Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement, and Modernization Act of 2003 (MMA) authorized a three-year demonstration program using recovery audit contractors (RACs) to identify and correct improper payments in the Medicare Fee-For-Service program. More recently, Section 6411 of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) expanded the RAC program to include the Medicaid program. This shows the Cent ers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) believe RAC audits are a cost-effective method to ensure health care providers are paid correctly and thereby protect the Medicare Trust Fund. RAC audits are highly complex and require significant manpower to handle the large volume of requests received during a short period of time. Additionally, the RAC audit appeal process is complicated and requires a high level of technical expertise. The demonstration project found that RAC audits resulted in sizeable amounts of overpayments collected ("take-backs") from many providers. This research study assesses the potential impact of the RAC audit program on US acute care hospitals. Data obtained from CMS show that RAC overpayments collected for FY 2010 were $75.4 million, increased to $797.4 million in FY 2011, and increased to $986.2 million in the first six months of FY 2012. According to the American Hospital Association (AHA) RACTrac audit survey, the vast majority of these collections represent complex denials where hospitals are required to provide medical record documents in support of their billed claims. This study found that the RAC audit program collections are increasing significantly over time. As a result, these collections are having a significant negative impact on the profitability of US hospitals.

  11. The impact of RAC audits on US hospitals.

    PubMed

    Harrison, Jeffrey P; Barksdale, Rachel M

    2013-01-01

    The Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement, and Modernization Act of 2003 (MMA) authorized a three-year demonstration program using recovery audit contractors (RACs) to identify and correct improper payments in the Medicare Fee-For-Service program. More recently, Section 6411 of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) expanded the RAC program to include the Medicaid program. This shows the Cent ers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) believe RAC audits are a cost-effective method to ensure health care providers are paid correctly and thereby protect the Medicare Trust Fund. RAC audits are highly complex and require significant manpower to handle the large volume of requests received during a short period of time. Additionally, the RAC audit appeal process is complicated and requires a high level of technical expertise. The demonstration project found that RAC audits resulted in sizeable amounts of overpayments collected ("take-backs") from many providers. This research study assesses the potential impact of the RAC audit program on US acute care hospitals. Data obtained from CMS show that RAC overpayments collected for FY 2010 were $75.4 million, increased to $797.4 million in FY 2011, and increased to $986.2 million in the first six months of FY 2012. According to the American Hospital Association (AHA) RACTrac audit survey, the vast majority of these collections represent complex denials where hospitals are required to provide medical record documents in support of their billed claims. This study found that the RAC audit program collections are increasing significantly over time. As a result, these collections are having a significant negative impact on the profitability of US hospitals. PMID:24003757

  12. Introducing students to clinical audit.

    PubMed

    Parkes, Jacqueline; O'Dell, Cindy

    2015-11-01

    It is more than a decade since the UK Central Council for Nursing Midwifery and Health Visiting said that engaging with clinical audit is 'the business of every registered practitioner', yet there appears to be little evidence that nursing has embraced the process. To address this issue, Northampton General Hospital and the University of Northampton implemented a pilot project in which two third-year adult nursing students worked on a 'real life' audit. Supported by the hospital's audit department, and supervised by academic tutors with the relevant experience, the students worked on a pressure-ulcer care audit for their final year dissertation. This article describes the process undertaken by the hospital audit team and the university academic team to develop the pilot project and support the students. Based on the positive evaluations, the university has extended the project to a second phase, incorporating two new partner organisations.

  13. Preparing for IRS Audits of Colleges and Universities. Internal Revenue Service. NACUBO Special Report 75-5.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Myers, John Holt

    More college and universities are being subject to audit by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS). When an institution is selected for audit, it will be notified, probably in writing, and contacted by a representative of the IRS, who will make arrangements for a preliminary visit to discuss the procedures to be followed. Prior to the first meeting…

  14. Necropsies in clinical audit.

    PubMed Central

    Anderson, N H; Shanks, J H; McCluggage, G W; Toner, P G

    1989-01-01

    The need for specialised forms of clinical audit was highlighted by the report of the Confidential Enquiry into Perioperative Deaths (CEPOD). Necropsy rates in a Northern Ireland teaching hospital were studied with particular reference to perioperative deaths. To provide an overall context for these observations, the pattern of the necropsy services in Northern Ireland as a whole was also determined. For 600 consecutive deaths in a major teaching hospital, the overall necropsy rate was 180 (30%). In the 74 perioperative deaths in this group (as defined by the CEPOD) the necropsy rate was 26 (35%), compared with 16 out of 72 (22%) for other surgical deaths and 89 out of 386 (23%) for medical cases. More coroners' necropsies were carried out in the perioperative group. These figures are within the range of the CEPOD experience. In 1987, in the whole of Northern Ireland, there were 8859 hospital deaths, 520 (5.9%) hospital necropsies, and 516 (5.8%) coroners' necropsies, giving an overall necropsy rate of 11.7%. Outside the two major Belfast teaching hospitals, however, there were 6799 hospital deaths, 76.6% of all hospital deaths for Northern Ireland. In this group there were 180 (2.6%) hospital necropsies and 383 (5.6%) coroners' cases, the overall necropsy rate being only 8.2%. These wide variations reflect the fact that the number of pathologists in post in the peripheral areas of the province falls substantially short of levels recommended by the Royal College of Pathologists. If clinical audit along CEPOD lines is to be effective nationally, more emphasis should be placed on the value of necropsy and local deficiencies in provision will have to be identified and remedied. It is suggested that this could be achieved by combining audit provisions with budgetary incentives. PMID:2794077

  15. Designing Academic Audit: Lessons Learned in Europe and Asia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dill, David D.

    2000-01-01

    Reviews lessons learned from early experiments with academic audits in the United Kingdom, Sweden, New Zealand, and Hong Kong in areas such as: focus of audits, selection and training of audit teams, nature of audit self-studies, conduct of audit visits, audit reports, and audit follow-up and enhancement activities. Suggests guidelines for design…

  16. Internal Audits: A Must for Governing Boards.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Allcorn, Seth

    1983-01-01

    Internal auditing, which can help governing boards exercise their control responsibilities, is discussed, including financial, compliance, and operations auditing. Governing boards should be prepared to handle reports on operation audits, financial and compliance audits, and reviews of management information systems. (MLW)

  17. 2 CFR 200.5 - Audit finding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 2 Grants and Agreements 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Audit finding. 200.5 Section 200.5 Grants... REQUIREMENTS FOR FEDERAL AWARDS Acronyms and Definitions Acronyms § 200.5 Audit finding. Audit finding means deficiencies which the auditor is required by § 200.516 Audit findings, paragraph (a) to report in the...

  18. 38 CFR 41.510 - Audit findings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Audit findings. 41.510... OF STATES, LOCAL GOVERNMENTS, AND NON-PROFIT ORGANIZATIONS Auditors § 41.510 Audit findings. (a) Audit findings reported. The auditor shall report the following as audit findings in a schedule...

  19. 38 CFR 41.510 - Audit findings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Audit findings. 41.510... OF STATES, LOCAL GOVERNMENTS, AND NON-PROFIT ORGANIZATIONS Auditors § 41.510 Audit findings. (a) Audit findings reported. The auditor shall report the following as audit findings in a schedule...

  20. 38 CFR 41.510 - Audit findings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Audit findings. 41.510... OF STATES, LOCAL GOVERNMENTS, AND NON-PROFIT ORGANIZATIONS Auditors § 41.510 Audit findings. (a) Audit findings reported. The auditor shall report the following as audit findings in a schedule...

  1. 7 CFR 2500.055 - Audit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... Closeout § 2500.055 Audit. Awardees must comply with the audit requirements of 7 CFR part 3052. The audit... 7 Agriculture 15 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Audit. 2500.055 Section 2500.055 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) OFFICE OF ADVOCACY AND OUTREACH, DEPARTMENT...

  2. 7 CFR 2500.055 - Audit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... Closeout § 2500.055 Audit. Awardees must comply with the audit requirements of 7 CFR part 3052. The audit... 7 Agriculture 15 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Audit. 2500.055 Section 2500.055 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) OFFICE OF ADVOCACY AND OUTREACH, DEPARTMENT...

  3. 7 CFR 2500.055 - Audit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... Closeout § 2500.055 Audit. Awardees must comply with the audit requirements of 7 CFR part 3052. The audit... 7 Agriculture 15 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Audit. 2500.055 Section 2500.055 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) OFFICE OF ADVOCACY AND OUTREACH, DEPARTMENT...

  4. 20 CFR 627.481 - Audit resolution.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Audit resolution. 627.481 Section 627.481... PROGRAMS UNDER TITLES I, II, AND III OF THE ACT Administrative Standards § 627.481 Audit resolution. (a) Federal audit resolution. When the OIG issues an audit report to the Employment and...

  5. 7 CFR 1782.10 - Audit requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) SERVICING OF WATER AND WASTE PROGRAMS § 1782.10 Audit requirements. Audits for loans... experiencing problems, the servicing official will require an audit or other documentation deemed necessary to resolve the delinquency. The provisions of 7 CFR 3052 address audit requirements for recipients of...

  6. 7 CFR 1782.10 - Audit requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) SERVICING OF WATER AND WASTE PROGRAMS § 1782.10 Audit requirements. Audits for loans... experiencing problems, the servicing official will require an audit or other documentation deemed necessary to resolve the delinquency. The provisions of 7 CFR 3052 address audit requirements for recipients of...

  7. 7 CFR 1782.10 - Audit requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) SERVICING OF WATER AND WASTE PROGRAMS § 1782.10 Audit requirements. Audits for loans... experiencing problems, the servicing official will require an audit or other documentation deemed necessary to resolve the delinquency. The provisions of 7 CFR 3052 address audit requirements for recipients of...

  8. 7 CFR 1739.20 - Audit requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... following paragraph, the recipient shall provide an independent audit report in accordance with 7 CFR part... Agency and all subsequent audits must be comparative audits as described in 7 CFR part 1773. (b) If the... AGRICULTURE BROADBAND GRANT PROGRAM Community Connect Grant Program § 1739.20 Audit requirements. A...

  9. 7 CFR 3052.510 - Audit findings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Audit findings. 3052.510 Section 3052.510 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) OFFICE OF THE CHIEF FINANCIAL OFFICER, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE AUDITS OF STATES, LOCAL GOVERNMENTS, AND NON-PROFIT ORGANIZATIONS Auditors § 3052.510 Audit findings. (a) Audit...

  10. 7 CFR 3052.510 - Audit findings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Audit findings. 3052.510 Section 3052.510 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) OFFICE OF THE CHIEF FINANCIAL OFFICER, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE AUDITS OF STATES, LOCAL GOVERNMENTS, AND NON-PROFIT ORGANIZATIONS Auditors § 3052.510 Audit findings. (a) Audit...

  11. 7 CFR 1291.11 - Audit requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... PROGRAM-FARM BILL § 1291.11 Audit requirements. Each year that a State receives a grant under the SCBGP-FB, the State is required to conduct an audit of the expenditures of SCBGP-FB funds. If the Single Audit... audit of all SCBGP-FB funds no later than 60 days after the end date of the grant agreement. The...

  12. 7 CFR 3052.230 - Audit costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... principles circulars, the Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR) (48 CFR parts 30 and 31), or other applicable... 7 Agriculture 15 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Audit costs. 3052.230 Section 3052.230 Agriculture... AGRICULTURE AUDITS OF STATES, LOCAL GOVERNMENTS, AND NON-PROFIT ORGANIZATIONS Audits § 3052.230 Audit...

  13. 29 CFR 96.12 - Audit requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    .... (b) The audit requirements contained in 29 CFR part 99 shall be followed for audits of all fiscal... of 29 CFR 99.320, which provides for submission of audit data collection forms and reporting packages... 29 Labor 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Audit requirements. 96.12 Section 96.12 Labor Office of...

  14. 25 CFR 571.12 - Audit standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Audit standards. 571.12 Section 571.12 Indians NATIONAL... INVESTIGATIONS Audits § 571.12 Audit standards. (a) Each tribe shall prepare comparative financial statements... provide an annual audit of the financial statements of each class II and class III gaming operation on...

  15. 30 CFR 725.19 - Audit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Audit. 725.19 Section 725.19 Mineral Resources... REGULATIONS REIMBURSEMENTS TO STATES § 725.19 Audit. The agency shall arrange for an independent audit no less... Circular No. A-102, Attachment P. The audits will be performed in accordance with the “Standards for...

  16. 20 CFR 655.24 - Audits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Audits. 655.24 Section 655.24 Employees...) § 655.24 Audits. (a) Discretion. OFLC will conduct audits of H-2B temporary labor certification applications. The applications selected for audit will be chosen within the sole discretion of OFLC. (b)...

  17. 50 CFR 81.15 - Audits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Audits. 81.15 Section 81.15 Wildlife and..., WILDLIFE, AND PLANTS-COOPERATION WITH THE STATES § 81.15 Audits. The State is required to conduct an audit.... Failure to conduct audits as required may result in withholding of grant payments or such other...

  18. 20 CFR 601.9 - Audits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ..., Advances and Audits § 601.9 Audits. The Department of Labor's audit regulations at 29 CFR Part 96 and 29 CFR Part 99 shall apply with respect to employment service and unemployment compensation programs. ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Audits. 601.9 Section 601.9...

  19. 30 CFR 217.200 - Audits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Audits. 217.200 Section 217.200 Mineral Resources MINERALS MANAGEMENT SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR MINERALS REVENUE MANAGEMENT AUDITS AND INSPECTIONS Coal § 217.200 Audits. An audit of the accounts and books of operators/lessees for the purpose...

  20. 50 CFR 401.23 - Audits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Audits. 401.23 Section 401.23 Wildlife and... ENHANCEMENT § 401.23 Audits. The State is required to conduct an audit at least every two years in accordance with the provisions of Attachment P OMB Circular A-102. Failure to conduct audits as required...

  1. 29 CFR 96.32 - Audit requirement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Audit requirement. 96.32 Section 96.32 Labor Office of the Secretary of Labor AUDIT REQUIREMENTS FOR GRANTS, CONTRACTS, AND OTHER AGREEMENTS Audits of Entities Not Covered by Subpart A § 96.32 Audit requirement. The Secretary of Labor is responsible for the...

  2. 24 CFR 236.901 - Audit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... accordance with HUD audit requirements at 24 CFR part 44. ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Audit. 236.901 Section 236.901... AND INTEREST REDUCTION PAYMENT FOR RENTAL PROJECTS Audits § 236.901 Audit. Where a State or...

  3. 12 CFR 363.5 - Audit committees.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Audit committees. 363.5 Section 363.5 Banks and... INDEPENDENT AUDITS AND REPORTING REQUIREMENTS § 363.5 Audit committees. (a) Composition and duties. Each insured depository institution shall establish an audit committee of its board of directors,...

  4. 7 CFR 246.20 - Audits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Audits. 246.20 Section 246.20 Agriculture Regulations... Monitoring and Review § 246.20 Audits. (a) Federal audit responsibilities. (1) OIG reserves the right to perform audits of State and local agencies and other organizations involved in the Program as...

  5. 30 CFR 217.250 - Audits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Audits. 217.250 Section 217.250 Mineral Resources MINERALS MANAGEMENT SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR MINERALS REVENUE MANAGEMENT AUDITS AND INSPECTIONS Other Solid Minerals § 217.250 Audits. An audit of the lessee's accounts and books may be...

  6. 30 CFR 208.15 - Audits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Audits. 208.15 Section 208.15 Mineral Resources... OIL General Provisions § 208.15 Audits. Audits of the accounts and books of lessees, operators, payors... directed by MMS. Such audits will be for the purpose of determining compliance with applicable...

  7. 49 CFR 663.9 - Audit limitations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Audit limitations. 663.9 Section 663.9..., DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION PRE-AWARD AND POST-DELIVERY AUDITS OF ROLLING STOCK PURCHASES General § 663.9 Audit limitations. (a) An audit under this part is limited to verifying compliance with (1)...

  8. 45 CFR 96.31 - Audits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Audits. 96.31 Section 96.31 Public Welfare... Audits. (a) Basic rule. Grantees and subgrantees are responsible for obtaining audits in accordance with the Single Audit Act Amendments of 1996 (31 U.S.C. 7501-7507) and revised OMB Circular A-133,...

  9. 7 CFR 285.4 - Audits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Audits. 285.4 Section 285.4 Agriculture Regulations of... PUERTO RICO § 285.4 Audits. (a) The Commonwealth of Puerto Rico shall provide an audit of expenditures in... such audit shall be reported to FNS no later than 120 days from the end of each fiscal year in...

  10. 42 CFR 457.236 - Audits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Audits. 457.236 Section 457.236 Public Health...-Reviews and Audits; Withholding for Failure to Comply; Deferral and Disallowance of Claims; Reduction of Federal Medical Payments § 457.236 Audits. The CHIP agency must assure appropriate audit of records...

  11. 7 CFR 1291.11 - Audit requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... PROGRAM-FARM BILL § 1291.11 Audit requirements. Each year that a State receives a grant under the SCBGP-FB, the State is required to conduct an audit of the expenditures of SCBGP-FB funds. If the Single Audit... audit of all SCBGP-FB funds no later than 60 days after the end date of the grant agreement. The...

  12. 20 CFR 655.24 - Audits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Audits. 655.24 Section 655.24 Employees...) § 655.24 Audits. (a) Discretion. OFLC will conduct audits of H-2B temporary labor certification applications. The applications selected for audit will be chosen within the sole discretion of OFLC. (b)...

  13. 49 CFR 663.9 - Audit limitations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 7 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Audit limitations. 663.9 Section 663.9..., DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION PRE-AWARD AND POST-DELIVERY AUDITS OF ROLLING STOCK PURCHASES General § 663.9 Audit limitations. (a) An audit under this part is limited to verifying compliance with (1)...

  14. 7 CFR 4284.18 - Audit requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Grant Programs § 4284.18 Audit requirements. Grantees must comply with the audit requirements of 7 CFR part 3052. The audit requirements apply to the years in which grant funds are received and years in... 7 Agriculture 15 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Audit requirements. 4284.18 Section...

  15. 12 CFR 363.5 - Audit committees.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 4 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Audit committees. 363.5 Section 363.5 Banks and... INDEPENDENT AUDITS AND REPORTING REQUIREMENTS § 363.5 Audit committees. (a) Composition and duties. Each insured depository institution shall establish an audit committee of its board of directors,...

  16. 7 CFR 4284.657 - Audit requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Audit requirements. Grantees must provide an annual audit in accordance with 7 CFR part 3052. The audit... 7 Agriculture 15 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Audit requirements. 4284.657 Section 4284.657 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE...

  17. 45 CFR 158.402 - Audits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Audits. 158.402 Section 158.402 Public Welfare... REVENUE: REPORTING AND REBATE REQUIREMENTS HHS Enforcement § 158.402 Audits. (a) Notice of Audit. HHS will provide 30 days advance notice of its intent to conduct an audit of an issuer. (b) Conferences. All...

  18. 7 CFR 246.20 - Audits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 4 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Audits. 246.20 Section 246.20 Agriculture Regulations... Monitoring and Review § 246.20 Audits. (a) Federal audit responsibilities. (1) OIG reserves the right to perform audits of State and local agencies and other organizations involved in the Program as...

  19. 7 CFR 285.4 - Audits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 4 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Audits. 285.4 Section 285.4 Agriculture Regulations of... PUERTO RICO § 285.4 Audits. (a) The Commonwealth of Puerto Rico shall provide an audit of expenditures in... such audit shall be reported to FNS no later than 120 days from the end of each fiscal year in...

  20. 42 CFR 457.236 - Audits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Audits. 457.236 Section 457.236 Public Health...-Reviews and Audits; Withholding for Failure to Comply; Deferral and Disallowance of Claims; Reduction of Federal Medical Payments § 457.236 Audits. The CHIP agency must assure appropriate audit of records...

  1. 30 CFR 1208.15 - Audits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Audits. 1208.15 Section 1208.15 Mineral... Revenue SALE OF FEDERAL ROYALTY OIL General Provisions § 1208.15 Audits. Audits of the accounts and books... at such other times as may be directed by ONRR. Such audits will be for the purpose of...

  2. 20 CFR 601.9 - Audits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ..., Advances and Audits § 601.9 Audits. The Department of Labor's audit regulations at 29 CFR Part 96 and 29 CFR Part 99 shall apply with respect to employment service and unemployment compensation programs. ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Audits. 601.9 Section 601.9...

  3. 45 CFR 96.31 - Audits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Audits. 96.31 Section 96.31 Public Welfare... Audits. (a) Basic rule. Grantees and subgrantees are responsible for obtaining audits in accordance with the Single Audit Act Amendments of 1996 (31 U.S.C. 7501-7507) and revised OMB Circular A-133,...

  4. 50 CFR 401.23 - Audits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 9 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Audits. 401.23 Section 401.23 Wildlife and... ENHANCEMENT § 401.23 Audits. The State is required to conduct an audit at least every two years in accordance with the provisions of Attachment P OMB Circular A-102. Failure to conduct audits as required...

  5. 30 CFR 725.19 - Audit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Audit. 725.19 Section 725.19 Mineral Resources... REGULATIONS REIMBURSEMENTS TO STATES § 725.19 Audit. The agency shall arrange for an independent audit no less... Circular No. A-102, Attachment P. The audits will be performed in accordance with the “Standards for...

  6. Community College Internal Auditors: Internal Audit Guidebook.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones, Ronna; And Others

    This guidebook includes information compiled by the "Audit Manual" committee of Community College Internal Auditors (CCIA) from several California community college districts regarding their internal auditing practices. The first section of the guidebook discusses the purpose of internal audits, indicating that audits assist members of the…

  7. 7 CFR 277.17 - Audit requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... agencies that receive FNS program funds. Audits shall be conducted on an organization-wide basis. Such... Audits of Federally Assisted Program,” and any compliance supplements approved by OMB, and generally...) Purpose of audit. Audits will include, at a minimum, an examination of the systems of internal...

  8. 24 CFR 236.901 - Audit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... AND INTEREST REDUCTION PAYMENT FOR RENTAL PROJECTS Audits § 236.901 Audit. Where a State or local... accordance with HUD audit requirements at 24 CFR part 44. ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Audit. 236.901 Section...

  9. Can virtual streetscape audits reliably replace physical streetscape audits?

    PubMed

    Badland, Hannah M; Opit, Simon; Witten, Karen; Kearns, Robin A; Mavoa, Suzanne

    2010-12-01

    There is increasing recognition that the neighborhood-built environment influences health outcomes, such as physical activity behaviors, and technological advancements now provide opportunities to examine the neighborhood streetscape remotely. Accordingly, the aims of this methodological study are to: (1) compare the efficiencies of physically and virtually conducting a streetscape audit within the neighborhood context, and (2) assess the level of agreement between the physical (criterion) and virtual (test) audits. Built environment attributes associated with walking and cycling were audited using the New Zealand Systematic Pedestrian and Cycling Environment Scan (NZ-SPACES) in 48 street segments drawn from four neighborhoods in Auckland, New Zealand. Audits were conducted physically (on-site) and remotely (using Google Street View) in January and February 2010. Time taken to complete the audits, travel mileage, and Internet bandwidth used were also measured. It was quicker to conduct the virtual audits when compared with the physical audits (χ = 115.3 min (virtual), χ = 148.5 min (physical)). In the majority of cases, the physical and virtual audits were within the acceptable levels of agreement (ICC ≥  0.70) for the variables being assessed. The methodological implication of this study is that Google Street View is a potentially valuable data source for measuring the contextual features of neighborhood streets that likely impact on health outcomes. Overall, Google Street View provided a resource-efficient and reliable alternative to physically auditing the attributes of neighborhood streetscapes associated with walking and cycling. Supplementary data derived from other sources (e.g., Geographical Information Systems) could be used to assess the less reliable streetscape variables.

  10. AUDIT OF BLOOD REQUISITION.

    PubMed

    Deb, P; Swarup, D; Singh, M M

    2001-01-01

    A total of 2793 requisition forms received by the blood banks of a Service zonal hospital, between June 1995 and December 1999, were analysed. 1697 (60.71%) forms were demand for single unit blood. Blood was collected against only 1099 forms (39.34%) out of which 713 (64.88%) were single unit issue. Urgency of requirement and blood group of patients was omitted in 56% cases. 104 forms were received without mention of the indications for transfusion. History of previous transfusion and pregnancy/HDN were omitted in 25.1% and 37.38% cases respectively. At an average 14.61% of the total collection was discarded. Of the 292 units discarded, 242 units were due to non utilisation. A transfusion committee should be established in all hospitals with a licensed blood bank. It should constitute definite objectives and conduct regular audits (prospective audit, concurrent review or retrospective review), in order to achieve utmost efficiency and numerous benefits, in terms of workload, cost, errors, risks of transfusion and ultimately increased customer satisfaction. It should strive to abolish single unit and inappropriate transfusion, and advocate autologous transfusion. PMID:27365575

  11. [Medical audit: a modern undervalued management tool].

    PubMed

    Osorio, Guido; Sayes, Nilda; Fernández, Lautaro; Araya, Ester; Poblete, Dennis

    2002-02-01

    Medical audit is defined as the critical and periodical assessment of the quality of medical care, through the revision on medical records and hospital statistics. This review defines the work of the medical auditor and shows the fields of action of medical audit, emphasizing its importance and usefulness as a management tool. The authors propose that every hospital should create an audit system, should provide the necessary tools to carry out medical audits and should form an audit committee. PMID:11974537

  12. [Medical audit: a modern undervalued management tool].

    PubMed

    Osorio, Guido; Sayes, Nilda; Fernández, Lautaro; Araya, Ester; Poblete, Dennis

    2002-02-01

    Medical audit is defined as the critical and periodical assessment of the quality of medical care, through the revision on medical records and hospital statistics. This review defines the work of the medical auditor and shows the fields of action of medical audit, emphasizing its importance and usefulness as a management tool. The authors propose that every hospital should create an audit system, should provide the necessary tools to carry out medical audits and should form an audit committee.

  13. Obstetric audit: the Bradford way.

    PubMed

    Lodge, Virginia; Lomas, Karen; Jaworskyj, Suzanne; Thomson, Heidi

    2014-08-01

    Ultrasound is widely used as a screening tool in obstetrics with the aim of reducing maternal and foetal morbidity. However, to be effective it is recommended that scanning services follow standard protocols based on national guidelines and that scanning practice is audited to ensure consistency. Bradford has a multi-ethnic population with one of the highest rates of birth defects in the UK and it requires an effective foetal anomaly screening service. We implemented a rolling programme of audits of dating scans, foetal anomaly scans and growth scans carried out by sonographers in Bradford. All three categories of scan were audited using measurable parameters based on national guidelines. Following feedback and re-training to address issues identified, re-audits of dating and foetal anomaly scans were carried out. In both cases, sonographers being re-audited had a marked improvement in their practice. Analysis of foetal abnormality detection rates showed that as a department, we were reaching the nationally agreed detection rates for the Fetal Anomaly Screening Programme auditable conditions. Audit has been shown to be a useful and essential process in achieving consistent scanning practices and high quality images and measurements.

  14. A Guide to Energy Audits

    SciTech Connect

    Baechler, Michael C.

    2011-09-01

    Energy audits are a powerful tool for uncovering operational and equipment improvements that will save energy, reduce energy costs, and lead to higher performance. Energy audits can be done as a stand-alone effort or as part of a larger analysis across a group of facilities, or across an owner's portfolio. The purpose of an energy audit (sometimes called an 'energy assessment' or 'energy study') is to determine where, when, why and how energy is used in a facility, and to identify opportunities to improve efficiency. Energy auditing services are offered by energy services companies (ESCOs), energy consultants and engineering firms. The energy auditor leads the audit process but works closely with building owners, staff and other key participants throughout to ensure accuracy of data collection and appropriateness of energy efficiency recommendation. The audit typically begins with a review of historical and current utility data and benchmarking of your building's energy use against similar buildings. This sets the stage for an onsite inspection of the physical building. The main outcome of an energy audit is a list of recommended energy efficiency measures (EEMs), their associated energy savings potential, and an assessment of whether EEM installation costs are a good financial investment.

  15. 40 CFR 86.608-98 - Test procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 20 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Test procedures. 86.608-98 Section 86... Auditing of New Light-Duty Vehicles, Light-Duty Trucks, and Heavy-Duty Vehicles § 86.608-98 Test procedures. (a) The prescribed test procedures are the Federal Test Procedure, as described in subpart B...

  16. 48 CFR 642.1503 - Procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Procedures. 642.1503 Section 642.1503 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF STATE CONTRACT MANAGEMENT CONTRACT ADMINISTRATION AND AUDIT SERVICES Contractor Performance Information 642.1503 Procedures....

  17. [Crossed audit of the quality management system: Optimization of professional practices in radiotherapy].

    PubMed

    Leroy, É; Ponsard, N

    2015-10-01

    A working group within the French association of radiotherapy quality managers (AFQSR) proposed to implement an inter-institution audit among radiotherapy quality managers to share best practices, experience, and to have an external measurement of the effectiveness of the quality control processes implemented. A checklist was devised based on the French nuclear safety authority guide N(o) 5 and a procedure was formalized. The audit focuses on the effectiveness of the quality management process in radiotherapy. This article details the rationale for the project and conduct of the audit.

  18. Give commitment, audits top priority in safety, environmental matters

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1993-05-20

    Business and industry need to adhere to safety and environmental regulations more than ever to survive today. As the number of standards multiplies and fines and penalties grow more severe, careful auditing and reporting procedures and management systems that ensure corrections and compliance are critical. Plant management must take steps to ensure compliance. Failure to meet standards incurs risks in both safety and environmental matters. In some cases, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), and the Department of Justice pursue criminal sanctions on offenders. Justice Department guidelines identify two elements necessary for an effective program: an effective management system to enforce internal standards and an audit program to verify the standards are being met. A plant must go beyond legal requirements and integrate the management of safety and environmental issues into the fabric and culture of its organization. An effective management system should be composed of several key elements: management commitment, written policy, goals and objectives, line organization responsibility, training and resources, and auditing. This paper concentrates on this last element, the auditing procedures.

  19. Using perinatal audit to promote change: a review.

    PubMed

    Mancey-Jones, M; Brugha, R F

    1997-09-01

    Close to half of all infant deaths world-wide now occur in the first week of life, almost all in developing countries, and the perinatal mortality rate (PNMR) is used as an indicator of the quality of health service delivery. Clinical audit aims to improve quality of care through the systematic assessment of practice against a defined standard, with a view to recommending and implementing measures to address specific deficiencies in care. Perinatal outcome audit evaluates crude or cause-specific PNMRs, reviewing secular trends over several years or comparing rates between similar institutions. However, the PNMR may not be a valid, reliable and sensitive indicator of quality of care at the institutional level in developing countries because of variations in the presenting case-mix, various confounding non-health service factors and the small number of deaths which occur. Process audit compares actual practice with standard (best) practice, based on the evidence of research or expert consensus. Databases reviewing the management of reproductive health problems in developing countries are currently being prepared so as to provide clinicians and health service managers with up-to-date information to support the provision of evidence-based care. Standard practice should be adapted and defined in explicit management guidelines, taking into account local resources and circumstances. Forms of process audit include the review of care procedures in cases which have resulted in a pre-defined adverse outcome, know as 'sentinel event audit'; and the review of all cases where a particular care activity was received or indicated, known as 'topic audit'. These are complementary and each depends on the quality of recorded data. The forum for comparing observed practice with the standard may be external, utilising an 'expert committee', or internal, in which care providers audit their own activities. Local internal audit is more likely to result in improvements in care if it is

  20. Audit Today, Revocation Tomorrow?

    PubMed

    Miserez, Kevin R

    2015-01-01

    Federal regulations grant the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) the authority to revoke a healthcare provider's Medicare billing privileges for submitting claims for services that could not have been provided on the purported date of service, such as billing for deceased beneficiaries. A Final Rule became effective in 2015 extending the authority of CMS to revoke a provider's billing privileges if CMS determines that the provider has a pattern or practice of billing for services that do not meet Medicare requirements. Violations under the Final Rule include situations in which a provider regularly and repeatedly submits claims for medically unnecessary services. While historically a provider's noncompliance exposed the provider to overpayment refund demands resulting from CMS audit activity, this new revocation authority emphasizes an even greater need for providers to ensure their billing and documentation practices are in compliance with Medicare reimbursement requirements.

  1. Audit of oxygen therapy.

    PubMed

    Gravil, J H; O'Neill, V J; Stevenson, R D

    1997-06-01

    We audited the use of oxygen in our hospital. Over three days we found 119 patients using oxygen, 21 wearing their mask incorrectly or not at all. The commonest indication was chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Forty patients had no record of arterial gas analysis. Of those who had, 29 did not require oxygen and the average time from last arterial gas analysis was 5.7 days and only eight patients were being monitored with an oximeter. Taking into account the risk of exacerbating carbon dioxide retention and the problems that arise when discharging a patient who has been receiving oxygen therapy for the duration of their admission, we fee oxygen therapy should only be administered with the knowledge of the arterial gases and with frequent reassessment during therapy.

  2. Audit Today, Revocation Tomorrow?

    PubMed

    Miserez, Kevin R

    2015-01-01

    Federal regulations grant the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) the authority to revoke a healthcare provider's Medicare billing privileges for submitting claims for services that could not have been provided on the purported date of service, such as billing for deceased beneficiaries. A Final Rule became effective in 2015 extending the authority of CMS to revoke a provider's billing privileges if CMS determines that the provider has a pattern or practice of billing for services that do not meet Medicare requirements. Violations under the Final Rule include situations in which a provider regularly and repeatedly submits claims for medically unnecessary services. While historically a provider's noncompliance exposed the provider to overpayment refund demands resulting from CMS audit activity, this new revocation authority emphasizes an even greater need for providers to ensure their billing and documentation practices are in compliance with Medicare reimbursement requirements. PMID:26665474

  3. The direct environmental impact of hip arthroscopy for femoroacetabular impingement: a surgical waste audit of five cases.

    PubMed

    de Sa, Darren; Stephens, Kellee; Kuang, Michelle; Simunovic, Nicole; Karlsson, Jon; Ayeni, Olufemi R

    2016-07-01

    Health care facilities produce significant waste (2200 kg/bed/year) creating 2% of greenhouse gas emissions and 1% total solid waste nationwide, with 20-70% of waste coming from operating rooms. We performed a waste audit of hip arthroscopy for femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) to understand its environmental impact and identify areas for greening practices. A waste audit of five hip arthroscopy procedures for FAI was performed. All waste was collected and separated into six waste streams in real time: (i) normal/landfill waste; (ii) recyclable cardboards and plastics; (iii) biohazard waste; (iv) sharp items; (v) linens and (vi) sterile wrapping. The surgical waste (except laundered linens) from five FAI surgeries totaled 47.4 kg, including 21.7 kg (45.7%) of biohazard waste, 11.7 kg (24.6%) of sterile wrap, 6.4 kg (13.5%) of normal/landfill waste, 6.4 kg (13.5%) of recyclable plastics and 1.2 kg (2.6%) of sharp items. An average of 9.4 kg (excluding laundered linens) of waste was produced per procedure. Given the considerable biohazard waste produced by FAI procedures, additional recycling programs, continued adherence to proper waste segregation and an emphasis on 'green outcomes' is encouraged to demonstrate environmental responsibility and effectively manage and allocate finite resources. PMID:27583149

  4. The direct environmental impact of hip arthroscopy for femoroacetabular impingement: a surgical waste audit of five cases.

    PubMed

    de Sa, Darren; Stephens, Kellee; Kuang, Michelle; Simunovic, Nicole; Karlsson, Jon; Ayeni, Olufemi R

    2016-07-01

    Health care facilities produce significant waste (2200 kg/bed/year) creating 2% of greenhouse gas emissions and 1% total solid waste nationwide, with 20-70% of waste coming from operating rooms. We performed a waste audit of hip arthroscopy for femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) to understand its environmental impact and identify areas for greening practices. A waste audit of five hip arthroscopy procedures for FAI was performed. All waste was collected and separated into six waste streams in real time: (i) normal/landfill waste; (ii) recyclable cardboards and plastics; (iii) biohazard waste; (iv) sharp items; (v) linens and (vi) sterile wrapping. The surgical waste (except laundered linens) from five FAI surgeries totaled 47.4 kg, including 21.7 kg (45.7%) of biohazard waste, 11.7 kg (24.6%) of sterile wrap, 6.4 kg (13.5%) of normal/landfill waste, 6.4 kg (13.5%) of recyclable plastics and 1.2 kg (2.6%) of sharp items. An average of 9.4 kg (excluding laundered linens) of waste was produced per procedure. Given the considerable biohazard waste produced by FAI procedures, additional recycling programs, continued adherence to proper waste segregation and an emphasis on 'green outcomes' is encouraged to demonstrate environmental responsibility and effectively manage and allocate finite resources.

  5. The direct environmental impact of hip arthroscopy for femoroacetabular impingement: a surgical waste audit of five cases

    PubMed Central

    de SA, Darren; Stephens, Kellee; Kuang, Michelle; Simunovic, Nicole; Karlsson, Jon; Ayeni, Olufemi R.

    2016-01-01

    Health care facilities produce significant waste (2200 kg/bed/year) creating 2% of greenhouse gas emissions and 1% total solid waste nationwide, with 20–70% of waste coming from operating rooms. We performed a waste audit of hip arthroscopy for femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) to understand its environmental impact and identify areas for greening practices. A waste audit of five hip arthroscopy procedures for FAI was performed. All waste was collected and separated into six waste streams in real time: (i) normal/landfill waste; (ii) recyclable cardboards and plastics; (iii) biohazard waste; (iv) sharp items; (v) linens and (vi) sterile wrapping. The surgical waste (except laundered linens) from five FAI surgeries totaled 47.4 kg, including 21.7 kg (45.7%) of biohazard waste, 11.7 kg (24.6%) of sterile wrap, 6.4 kg (13.5%) of normal/landfill waste, 6.4 kg (13.5%) of recyclable plastics and 1.2 kg (2.6%) of sharp items. An average of 9.4 kg (excluding laundered linens) of waste was produced per procedure. Given the considerable biohazard waste produced by FAI procedures, additional recycling programs, continued adherence to proper waste segregation and an emphasis on ‘green outcomes’ is encouraged to demonstrate environmental responsibility and effectively manage and allocate finite resources. PMID:27583149

  6. When and how to audit a diabetic foot service.

    PubMed

    Leese, Graham P; Stang, Duncan

    2016-01-01

    Quality improvement depends on data collection and audit of clinical services to inform clinical improvements. Various steps in the care of the diabetic foot can be used to audit a service but need defined audit standards. A diabetes foot service should have risk stratification system in place that should compare to the population-based figures of 76% having low-risk feet, 17% moderate risk and 7% being at high risk of ulceration. Resources can then be directed towards those with high-risk feet. Prevalence of foot ulceration needs to be audited. Community-based studies give an audit standard of around 2%, with 2 to 9% having had an ulcer at some stage in the past. Amputation rates should be easier to measure, and the best results are reported to be around 1.5-3 per 1000 people with diabetes. This is a useful benchmark figure, and the rate has been shown to decrease by approximately a third over the last 15 years in some centres. Ulceration rates and ulcer healing rates are the ultimate outcome audit measure as they are always undesirable, whilst occasionally for defined individuals, an amputation can be a good outcome. In addition to clinical outcomes, processes of care can be audited such as provision of clinical services, time from new ulcer to be seen by health care professional, inpatient foot care or use of antibiotics. Measurement of clinical services can be a challenge in the diabetic foot, but it is essential if clinical services and patient outcomes are to be improved.

  7. Preparing Your Students for Auditions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Knoedelseder, Kurt H.

    2000-01-01

    Argues that teachers and directors should teach their students how to audition. Offers tips, explanations, and observations regarding selection of material, preparation, appearance, making contact, and other advice. (SR)

  8. An audit of consenting practices in a district general hospital. Can we improve?

    PubMed Central

    CHOHDA, E.; DODDI, S.; SUNDARAMOORTHY, S.; MANTON, R.N.; AHAD, A.; SINHA, A.; KHAWAJA, H.

    2015-01-01

    Introduction Informed consent, as the declaration of patients’ will, forms the basis of legality of medical procedures. A standard form based on the Department of Health model is widely used in the National Health Service (NHS). The aim of this audit process was to assess the current consent practice in comparison to the UK’s General Medical Council guidance and local policy and make any appropriate improvements. Patients and methods 254 adult consent forms were reviewed during the patients’ admission. Data collected included legible documentation, grade of health professional completing the consent form, providing additional written information, use of abbreviations, securing the consent form in the medical records and, providing a copy to the patient. After initial assessment, interventions in an attempt to improve adherence to guidelines were introduced. A repeat audit of a further set of 110 notes was completed to assess the effectiveness of our interventions. Results Our baseline assessment of 254 consent forms comprised of 198 (78%) elective and 56 (22%) emergency procedures. 87 (34%) consent forms were secure in the medical records. Grade of health professional was recorded in 211 (83%). 191 (75%) forms were legible. 48 (19%) patients were given copy of the consent. Only 24 (9%) patients were given additional written information. Abbreviations were used in 68 (27%) forms. Only 12 (5%) of consent forms met all criteria simultaneously. Re-audit after intervention assessed 110 consent forms; 30 (27%) for elective and 80 (72%) for emergency procedures. 52 (47%) of consent forms were secure in medical records, grade of health professional was recorded in 94 (85%), 101 (75%) forms were legible, 42 (38%) patients received copy of consent and 41 (37%) of patients received additional written information. Conclusion Initially only 5% of consent forms completely met GMC guidelines. This demonstrates an alarmingly poor adherence to such guidance that plays a vital

  9. Software Assists in Extensive Environmental Auditing

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Callac, Christopher; Matherne, Charlie; Selinsky, T.

    2002-01-01

    The Base Environmental Management System (BEMS) is a Web-based application program for managing and tracking audits by the Environmental Office of Stennis Space Center in conformity with standard 14001 of the International Organization for Standardization (ISO 14001). (This standard specifies requirements for an environmental-management system.) BEMS saves time by partly automating what were previously manual processes for creating audit checklists; recording and tracking audit results; issuing, tracking, and implementing corrective-action requests (CARs); tracking continuous improvements (CIs); and tracking audit results and statistics. BEMS consists of an administration module and an auditor module. As its name suggests, the administration module is used to administer the audit. It helps administrators to edit the list of audit questions; edit the list of audit locations; assign mandatory questions to locations; track, approve, and edit CARs; and edit completed audits. The auditor module is used by auditors to perform audits and record audit results: it helps the auditors to create audit checklists, complete audits, view completed audits, create CARs, record and acknowledge CIs, and generate reports from audit results.

  10. Software Assists in Extensive Environmental Auditing

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Callac, Christopher; Matherne, Charlie

    2003-01-01

    The Base Environmental Management System (BEMS) is a Web-based application program for managing and tracking audits by the Environmental Office of Stennis Space Center in conformity with standard 14001 of the International Organization for Standardization (ISO 14001). (This standard specifies requirements for an environmental-management system.) BEMS saves time by partly automating what were previously manual processes for creating audit checklists; recording and tracking audit results; issuing, tracking, and implementing corrective-action requests (CARs); tracking continuous improvements (CIs); and tracking audit results and statistics. BEMS consists of an administration module and an auditor module. As its name suggests, the administration module is used to administer the audit. It helps administrators to edit the list of audit questions; edit the list of audit locations; assign mandatory questions to locations; track, approve, and edit CARs; and edit completed audits. The auditor module is used by auditors to perform audits and record audit results: it helps the auditors to create audit checklists, complete audits, view completed audits, create CARs, record and acknowledge CIs, and generate reports from audit results.

  11. Software Assists in Extensive Environmental Auditing

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Callac, Christopher; Matherne, Charlie

    2002-01-01

    The Base Enivronmental Management System (BEMS) is a Web-based application program for managing and tracking audits by the Environmental Office of Stennis Space Center in conformity with standard 14001 of the International Organization for Standardization (ISO 14001). (This standard specifies requirements for an environmental-management system.) BEMS saves time by partly automating what were previously manual processes for creating audit checklists; recording and tracking audit results; issuing, tracking, and implementing corrective-action requests (CARs); tracking continuous improvements (CIs); and tracking audit results and statistics. BEMS consists on an administration module and an auditor module. As its name suggests, the administration module is used to administer the audit. It helps administrators to edit the list of audit questions; edit the list of audit locations; assign manditory questions to locations; track, approve, and edit CARs; and edit completed audits. The auditor module is used by auditors to perform audits and record audit results: It helps the auditors to create audit checklists, complete audits, view completed audits, create CARs, record and acknowledge CIs, and generate reports from audit results.

  12. Effect of whey protein concentrate and sodium chloride addition plus tumbling procedures on technological parameters, physical properties and visual appearance of sous vide cooked beef.

    PubMed

    Szerman, N; Gonzalez, C B; Sancho, A M; Grigioni, G; Carduza, F; Vaudagna, S R

    2007-07-01

    Beef muscles cooked by the sous vide system were evaluated for the effects of pre-injection tumbling, brine addition and post-injection tumbling on technological parameters, physical properties, visual appearance and tissue microstructure. The muscles were injected at 120% (over original weight) with a brine formulated to give a concentration of 3.5% whey protein concentrate and 0.7% sodium chloride on an injected raw product basis. Pre-injection tumbling did not affect most of the evaluated parameters. Brine addition reduced significantly the cooking and total weight losses. Total weight loss was 7.2% for injected muscles, and significantly higher (28.2%) for non-injected ones. Brine incorporation increased pH and reduced shear force values of cooked muscles. Extended post-injection tumbling (5rpm-10h) improved brine distribution and visual appearance, and also diminished the shear force values of cooked muscles. However, this treatment increased the weight losses of post-injection tumbling and cooking-pasteurization stages. PMID:22060988

  13. Effect of whey protein concentrate and sodium chloride addition plus tumbling procedures on technological parameters, physical properties and visual appearance of sous vide cooked beef.

    PubMed

    Szerman, N; Gonzalez, C B; Sancho, A M; Grigioni, G; Carduza, F; Vaudagna, S R

    2007-07-01

    Beef muscles cooked by the sous vide system were evaluated for the effects of pre-injection tumbling, brine addition and post-injection tumbling on technological parameters, physical properties, visual appearance and tissue microstructure. The muscles were injected at 120% (over original weight) with a brine formulated to give a concentration of 3.5% whey protein concentrate and 0.7% sodium chloride on an injected raw product basis. Pre-injection tumbling did not affect most of the evaluated parameters. Brine addition reduced significantly the cooking and total weight losses. Total weight loss was 7.2% for injected muscles, and significantly higher (28.2%) for non-injected ones. Brine incorporation increased pH and reduced shear force values of cooked muscles. Extended post-injection tumbling (5rpm-10h) improved brine distribution and visual appearance, and also diminished the shear force values of cooked muscles. However, this treatment increased the weight losses of post-injection tumbling and cooking-pasteurization stages.

  14. 14 CFR 331.17 - How will the Department verify and audit claims under this part?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... OF TRANSPORTATION (AVIATION PROCEEDINGS) PROCEDURAL REGULATIONS PROCEDURES FOR REIMBURSEMENT OF GENERAL AVIATION OPERATORS AND SERVICE PROVIDERS IN THE WASHINGTON, DC AREA General Provisions § 331.17... Inspector General, or another independent auditor, for verification and, if necessary, an audit. In...

  15. Computer assisted audit techniques for UNIX (UNIX-CAATS)

    SciTech Connect

    Polk, W.T.

    1991-01-01

    Federal and DOE regulations impose specific requirements for internal controls of computer systems. These controls include adequate separation of duties and sufficient controls for access of system and data. The DOE Inspector General's Office has the responsibility to examine internal controls, as well as efficient use of computer system resources. As a result, DOE supported NIST development of computer assisted audit techniques to examine BSD UNIX computers (UNIX-CAATS). These systems were selected due to the increasing number of UNIX workstations in use within DOE. This paper describes the design and development of these techniques, as well as the results of testing at NIST and the first audit at a DOE site. UNIX-CAATS consists of tools which examine security of passwords, file systems, and network access. In addition, a tool was developed to examine efficiency of disk utilization. Test results at NIST indicated inadequate password management, as well as weak network resource controls. File system security was considered adequate. Audit results at a DOE site indicated weak password management and inefficient disk utilization. During the audit, we also found improvements to UNIX-CAATS were needed when applied to large systems. NIST plans to enhance the techniques developed for DOE/IG in future work. This future work would leverage currently available tools, along with needed enhancements. These enhancements would enable DOE/IG to audit large systems, such as supercomputers.

  16. Computer assisted audit techniques for UNIX (UNIX-CAATS)

    SciTech Connect

    Polk, W.T.

    1991-12-31

    Federal and DOE regulations impose specific requirements for internal controls of computer systems. These controls include adequate separation of duties and sufficient controls for access of system and data. The DOE Inspector General`s Office has the responsibility to examine internal controls, as well as efficient use of computer system resources. As a result, DOE supported NIST development of computer assisted audit techniques to examine BSD UNIX computers (UNIX-CAATS). These systems were selected due to the increasing number of UNIX workstations in use within DOE. This paper describes the design and development of these techniques, as well as the results of testing at NIST and the first audit at a DOE site. UNIX-CAATS consists of tools which examine security of passwords, file systems, and network access. In addition, a tool was developed to examine efficiency of disk utilization. Test results at NIST indicated inadequate password management, as well as weak network resource controls. File system security was considered adequate. Audit results at a DOE site indicated weak password management and inefficient disk utilization. During the audit, we also found improvements to UNIX-CAATS were needed when applied to large systems. NIST plans to enhance the techniques developed for DOE/IG in future work. This future work would leverage currently available tools, along with needed enhancements. These enhancements would enable DOE/IG to audit large systems, such as supercomputers.

  17. Application of flow injection gradient titration based on the standard addition and dilution procedure to the determination of total acidity in vinegars and soft drinks.

    PubMed

    Wójtowicz, Marzena; Kozak, Joanna; Górnacka, Dorota; Koscielniak, Pawel

    2008-12-01

    The proposed approach relies on successive dilution of a solution containing a sample with standard addition and on titration of the solutions obtained until receiving a signal lower than the signal measured for the sample alone. Equations are derived for subsequent dilution factors for the automatic flow injection system applied. The overall calibration strategy including the possibility of prediction of the number of required standard solutions and of positioning the sample signal within the calibration range is presented. The method has been tested on the spectrophotometric determination of hydrochloric acid at two concentration levels (0.193 and 1.21 mol L(-1)) with sodium hydroxide as titrant. The results of accuracy better than |3.9|% (RE) and repeatability better than 1.3% (RSD) were obtained. The method has been applied to the determination of total acidity in vinegars and soft drinks. The average time necessary to analyze one sample is about 10 min. PMID:19075470

  18. 18 CFR 158.1 - Notice to audited person.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ..., records, accounts, books, communications or papers relevant to the audit of the audited person; matters... DISPOSITION OF CONTESTED AUDIT FINDINGS AND PROPOSED REMEDIES Disposition of Contested Audit Findings and Proposed Remedies § 158.1 Notice to audited person. An audit conducted by the Commission's staff...

  19. 18 CFR 41.1 - Notice to audited person.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... papers relevant to the audit of the audited person; matters under the Standards of Conduct or the Code of... CONTESTED AUDIT FINDINGS AND PROPOSED REMEDIES Disposition of Contested Audit Findings and Proposed Remedies § 41.1 Notice to audited person. (a) Applicability. This part applies to all audits conducted by...

  20. 18 CFR 286.103 - Notice to audited person.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... AUTHORITIES ACCOUNTS, RECORDS, MEMORANDA AND DISPOSITION OF CONTESTED AUDIT FINDINGS AND PROPOSED REMEDIES Disposition of Contested Audit Findings and Proposed Remedies § 286.103 Notice to audited person. An audit... deficiency or audit report or similar document containing a finding or findings that the audited person...

  1. 47 CFR 53.213 - Audit analysis and evaluation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... auditor shall submit a draft of the audit report to the Federal/State joint audit team. (1) The Federal/State joint audit team shall have 45 days to review the audit findings and audit workpapers, and offer... auditor. Exceptions of the Federal/State joint audit team to the finding and conclusions of...

  2. 38 CFR 41.235 - Program-specific audits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Program-specific audits... (CONTINUED) AUDITS OF STATES, LOCAL GOVERNMENTS, AND NON-PROFIT ORGANIZATIONS Audits § 41.235 Program-specific audits. (a) Program-specific audit guide available. In many cases, a program-specific audit...

  3. 48 CFR 49.303-3 - Audit of settlement proposal.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Audit of settlement proposal. 49.303-3 Section 49.303-3 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION CONTRACT MANAGEMENT TERMINATION OF CONTRACTS Additional Principles for Cost-Reimbursement...

  4. 7 CFR 1944.422 - Audit and other report requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) PROGRAM REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) HOUSING Self-Help Technical Assistance Grants § 1944... revisions. In addition, the audits are also to be performed in accordance with 7 CFR parts 3015 and 3016 and... requirements OMB Circular A-110, A-133, and 7 CFR part 3015. These requirements also apply to public...

  5. 7 CFR 1944.422 - Audit and other report requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) PROGRAM REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) HOUSING Self-Help Technical Assistance Grants § 1944... revisions. In addition, the audits are also to be performed in accordance with 7 CFR parts 3015 and 3016 and... requirements OMB Circular A-110, A-133, and 7 CFR part 3015. These requirements also apply to public...

  6. Lake Michigan lake trout PCB model forecast post audit

    EPA Science Inventory

    Scenario forecasts for total PCBs in Lake Michigan (LM) lake trout were conducted using the linked LM2-Toxics and LM Food Chain models, supported by a suite of additional LM models. Efforts were conducted under the Lake Michigan Mass Balance Study and the post audit represents th...

  7. 48 CFR 304.804-70 - Contract closeout audits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... ADMINISTRATIVE MATTERS Government Contract Files 304.804-70 Contract closeout audits. (a) Contracting Officers... governments. In addition, where appropriate, a sample of these contracts or an individual contract may be... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contract closeout...

  8. 48 CFR 304.804-70 - Contract closeout audits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... ADMINISTRATIVE MATTERS Government Contract Files 304.804-70 Contract closeout audits. (a) Contracting Officers... governments. In addition, where appropriate, a sample of these contracts or an individual contract may be... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Contract closeout...

  9. 48 CFR 304.804-70 - Contract closeout audits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... ADMINISTRATIVE MATTERS Government Contract Files 304.804-70 Contract closeout audits. (a) Contracting Officers... governments. In addition, where appropriate, a sample of these contracts or an individual contract may be... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Contract closeout...

  10. 48 CFR 304.804-70 - Contract closeout audits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... ADMINISTRATIVE MATTERS Government Contract Files 304.804-70 Contract closeout audits. (a) Contracting Officers... governments. In addition, where appropriate, a sample of these contracts or an individual contract may be... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Contract closeout...

  11. 41 CFR 102-118.405 - Are my agency's prepayment audited transportation bills subject to periodic postpayment audit...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... prepayment audited transportation bills subject to periodic postpayment audit oversight from the GSA Audit... § 102-118.405 Are my agency's prepayment audited transportation bills subject to periodic postpayment... prepayment audited transportation bills to periodic postpayment audit oversight rather than...

  12. 41 CFR 102-118.405 - Are my agency's prepayment audited transportation bills subject to periodic postpayment audit...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... prepayment audited transportation bills subject to periodic postpayment audit oversight from the GSA Audit... § 102-118.405 Are my agency's prepayment audited transportation bills subject to periodic postpayment... prepayment audited transportation bills to periodic postpayment audit oversight rather than...

  13. Low-Cost Audit Resource: Student Audits Are a Win-Win Proposition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lightle, Susan S.; Timm, Teresa

    1997-01-01

    Discusses the use of undergraduate accounting students to assist the one-person internal audit department at Wright State University in Dayton, Ohio, in conducting a low-cost audit of the school. The audit, conducted as part of the accounting department's Auditing II course, helped students develop interviewing and documentation skills and…

  14. 12 CFR 715.7 - Supervisory Committee audit alternatives to a financial statement audit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... it based its evaluation of internal control; or (c) Audit per Supervisory Committee Guide. An audit... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Supervisory Committee audit alternatives to a financial statement audit. 715.7 Section 715.7 Banks and Banking NATIONAL CREDIT UNION...

  15. 12 CFR 715.7 - Supervisory Committee audit alternatives to a financial statement audit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... it based its evaluation of internal control; or (c) Audit per Supervisory Committee Guide. An audit... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Supervisory Committee audit alternatives to a financial statement audit. 715.7 Section 715.7 Banks and Banking NATIONAL CREDIT UNION...

  16. School's Still out on Internal Auditing.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cuzzetto, Charles E.; Moran, Daniel D.

    1988-01-01

    Survey responses from 271 members of the Association of School Business Officials International were analyzed to determine the extent and use of internal auditing in school districts and the characteristics of districts with internal auditing positions. (MLF)

  17. 25 CFR 542.22 - What are the minimum internal control standards for internal audit for Tier A gaming operations?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... accountability of sales versus inventory; (iii) Card games, including but not limited to, card games operation... limited to, game write and payout procedures, sensitive key location and control, and a review of keno... auditing procedures; (vi) Table games, including but not limited to, fill and credit procedures, pit...

  18. 25 CFR 542.32 - What are the minimum internal control standards for internal audit for Tier B gaming operations?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... accountability of sales versus inventory; (iii) Card games, including but not limited to, card games operation... limited to, game write and payout procedures, sensitive key location and control, and a review of keno... auditing procedures; (vi) Table games, including but not limited to, fill and credit procedures, pit...

  19. 25 CFR 542.32 - What are the minimum internal control standards for internal audit for Tier B gaming operations?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... accountability of sales versus inventory; (iii) Card games, including but not limited to, card games operation... limited to, game write and payout procedures, sensitive key location and control, and a review of keno... auditing procedures; (vi) Table games, including but not limited to, fill and credit procedures, pit...

  20. 25 CFR 542.22 - What are the minimum internal control standards for internal audit for Tier A gaming operations?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... accountability of sales versus inventory; (iii) Card games, including but not limited to, card games operation... limited to, game write and payout procedures, sensitive key location and control, and a review of keno... auditing procedures; (vi) Table games, including but not limited to, fill and credit procedures, pit...

  1. Overview of Auditing for the Busy Rheumatologist.

    PubMed

    Huffstutter, Jessica G; Huffstutter, J Eugene

    2016-06-01

    Medical audits have become commonplace in the United States. A variety of companies service government and private payers to document accuracy of medical services provided as reflected in the medical record. When audited, the physician may not understand the nature of the inquiry, jurisdictions, methods, or purpose. This article gives practicing rheumatologists a reference to learn the types of audits and suggests responses that should minimize the impact of the audit to the practice. PMID:27219307

  2. 28 CFR 115.405 - Audit appeals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Audit appeals. 115.405 Section 115.405 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) PRISON RAPE ELIMINATION ACT NATIONAL STANDARDS Auditing and Corrective Action § 115.405 Audit appeals. (a) An agency may lodge an appeal with...

  3. 28 CFR 115.405 - Audit appeals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Audit appeals. 115.405 Section 115.405 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) PRISON RAPE ELIMINATION ACT NATIONAL STANDARDS Auditing and Corrective Action § 115.405 Audit appeals. (a) An agency may lodge an appeal with...

  4. 28 CFR 115.405 - Audit appeals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Audit appeals. 115.405 Section 115.405 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) PRISON RAPE ELIMINATION ACT NATIONAL STANDARDS Auditing and Corrective Action § 115.405 Audit appeals. (a) An agency may lodge an appeal with...

  5. 24 CFR 92.506 - Audit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Audit. 92.506 Section 92.506... INVESTMENT PARTNERSHIPS PROGRAM Program Administration § 92.506 Audit. Audits of the participating jurisdiction, State recipients, and subrecipients must be conducted in accordance with 24 CFR 84.26 and 85.26....

  6. 24 CFR 92.506 - Audit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Audit. 92.506 Section 92.506... INVESTMENT PARTNERSHIPS PROGRAM Program Administration § 92.506 Audit. Audits of the participating jurisdiction, State recipients, and subrecipients must be conducted in accordance with 24 CFR 84.26 and 85.26....

  7. 24 CFR 92.506 - Audit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Audit. 92.506 Section 92.506... INVESTMENT PARTNERSHIPS PROGRAM Program Administration § 92.506 Audit. Audits of the participating jurisdiction, State recipients, and subrecipients must be conducted in accordance with 24 CFR 84.26 and 85.26....

  8. 24 CFR 92.506 - Audit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Audit. 92.506 Section 92.506... INVESTMENT PARTNERSHIPS PROGRAM Program Administration § 92.506 Audit. Audits of the participating jurisdiction, State recipients, and subrecipients must be conducted in accordance with 24 CFR 84.26 and 85.26....

  9. 12 CFR 620.30 - Audit committees.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... and Banking FARM CREDIT ADMINISTRATION FARM CREDIT SYSTEM DISCLOSURE TO SHAREHOLDERS Bank and Association Audit and Compensation Committees § 620.30 Audit committees. Each Farm Credit bank and association... fiscal years. (a) Composition. Each member of an audit committee must be a member of the Farm...

  10. 12 CFR 620.30 - Audit committees.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... and Banking FARM CREDIT ADMINISTRATION FARM CREDIT SYSTEM DISCLOSURE TO SHAREHOLDERS Bank and Association Audit and Compensation Committees § 620.30 Audit committees. Each Farm Credit bank and association... fiscal years. (a) Composition. Each member of an audit committee must be a member of the Farm...

  11. A Critical Evaluation of Academic Internal Audit

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blackmore, Jacqueline Ann

    2004-01-01

    This account of internal audit is set within the context of higher education in the UK and a fictitiously named Riverbank University. The study evaluates the recent introduction of "Internal Academic Audit" to the University and compares the process with that of the internationally recognized ISO 19011 Guidelines for Auditing Quality Management…

  12. 17 CFR 37.205 - Audit trail.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... database. A swap execution facility's audit trail program shall include an electronic transaction history... respect to all audit trail data in the transaction history database. Such electronic analysis capability... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Audit trail. 37.205 Section...

  13. 29 CFR 99.510 - Audit findings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2014-07-01 2013-07-01 true Audit findings. 99.510 Section 99.510 Labor Office of the... findings. (a) Audit findings reported. The auditor shall report the following as audit findings in a schedule of findings and questioned costs: (1) Reportable conditions in internal control over...

  14. 29 CFR 99.510 - Audit findings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Audit findings. 99.510 Section 99.510 Labor Office of the... findings. (a) Audit findings reported. The auditor shall report the following as audit findings in a schedule of findings and questioned costs: (1) Reportable conditions in internal control over...

  15. 29 CFR 99.510 - Audit findings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Audit findings. 99.510 Section 99.510 Labor Office of the... findings. (a) Audit findings reported. The auditor shall report the following as audit findings in a schedule of findings and questioned costs: (1) Reportable conditions in internal control over...

  16. 38 CFR 41.510 - Audit findings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Audit findings. 41.510 Section 41.510 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS (CONTINUED) AUDITS OF STATES, LOCAL GOVERNMENTS, AND NON-PROFIT ORGANIZATIONS Auditors § 41.510 Audit findings....

  17. 29 CFR 99.505 - Audit reporting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Audit reporting. 99.505 Section 99.505 Labor Office of the Secretary of Labor AUDITS OF STATES, LOCAL GOVERNMENTS, AND NON-PROFIT ORGANIZATIONS Auditors § 99.505 Audit reporting. The auditor's report(s) may be in the form of either combined or separate reports and may...

  18. 29 CFR 99.230 - Audit costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Secretary of Labor AUDITS OF STATES, LOCAL GOVERNMENTS, AND NON-PROFIT ORGANIZATIONS Audits § 99.230 Audit... principles circulars, the Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR)(48 CFR parts 30 and 31), or other applicable cost principles or regulations. (b) Unallowable costs. A non-Federal entity shall not charge...

  19. 38 CFR 41.505 - Audit reporting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Audit reporting. 41.505 Section 41.505 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS (CONTINUED) AUDITS OF STATES, LOCAL GOVERNMENTS, AND NON-PROFIT ORGANIZATIONS Auditors § 41.505 Audit reporting....

  20. Help Your Students Nail that College Audition!

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Keating, Andrea

    2003-01-01

    Focuses on how music teachers can assist high school students to prepare for a college audition and to select the right music program. Explains what audition committees look for in music students. Includes tips teachers can share with their students on program selection and the audition. (CMK)

  1. 13 CFR 120.490 - Audits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Audits. 120.490 Section 120.490 Business Credit and Assistance SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION BUSINESS LOANS Lenders Small Business Lending Companies (sblc) § 120.490 Audits. Every SBLC is subject to periodic audits by SBA's Office of...

  2. 7 CFR 1739.20 - Audit requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... accordance with 7 CFR part 1773, “Policy on Audits of the Agency's Borrowers.” (b) If the recipient is a... accordance with 7 CFR part 3052, “Audits of States, Local Governments, and Non-Profit Organizations.” ... AGRICULTURE BROADBAND GRANT PROGRAM Community Connect Grant Program § 1739.20 Audit requirements. A...

  3. 7 CFR 1739.20 - Audit requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... accordance with 7 CFR part 1773, “Policy on Audits of the Agency's Borrowers.” (b) If the recipient is a... accordance with 7 CFR part 3052, “Audits of States, Local Governments, and Non-Profit Organizations.” ... AGRICULTURE BROADBAND GRANT PROGRAM Community Connect Grant Program § 1739.20 Audit requirements. A...

  4. 7 CFR 1739.20 - Audit requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... accordance with 7 CFR part 1773, “Policy on Audits of the Agency's Borrowers.” (b) If the recipient is a... accordance with 7 CFR part 3052, “Audits of States, Local Governments, and Non-Profit Organizations.” ... AGRICULTURE BROADBAND GRANT PROGRAM Community Connect Grant Program § 1739.20 Audit requirements. A...

  5. 7 CFR 1739.20 - Audit requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... accordance with 7 CFR part 1773, “Policy on Audits of the Agency's Borrowers.” (b) If the recipient is a... accordance with 7 CFR part 3052, “Audits of States, Local Governments, and Non-Profit Organizations.” ... AGRICULTURE BROADBAND GRANT PROGRAM Community Connect Grant Program § 1739.20 Audit requirements. A...

  6. 38 CFR 41.230 - Audit costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ..., the Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR) (48 CFR parts 30 and 31), or other applicable cost principles... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Audit costs. 41.230... OF STATES, LOCAL GOVERNMENTS, AND NON-PROFIT ORGANIZATIONS Audits § 41.230 Audit costs. (a)...

  7. 20 CFR 416.2220 - Audits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION SUPPLEMENTAL SECURITY INCOME FOR THE AGED, BLIND, AND DISABLED Payments for Vocational Rehabilitation Services Administrative Provisions § 416.2220 Audits. (a) General... in the Federal Procurement Regulations (41 CFR parts 1-20). (b) Audit basis. Auditing will be...

  8. 20 CFR 404.2120 - Audits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION FEDERAL OLD-AGE, SURVIVORS AND DISABILITY INSURANCE (1950- ) Payments for Vocational Rehabilitation Services Administrative Provisions § 404.2120 Audits. (a) General... in the Federal Procurement Regulations (41 CFR parts 1-20). (b) Audit basis. Auditing will be...

  9. 45 CFR 96.91 - Audit requirement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Audit requirement. 96.91 Section 96.91 Public... Block Grants § 96.91 Audit requirement. Pursuant to section 1745(b) of the Reconciliation Act (31 U.S.C. 1243 note) an audit is required with respect to the 2-year period beginning on October 1, 1981,...

  10. 42 CFR 430.33 - Audits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Audits. 430.33 Section 430.33 Public Health CENTERS... ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS GRANTS TO STATES FOR MEDICAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS Grants; Reviews and Audits; Withholding... § 430.33 Audits. (a) Purpose. The Department's Office of Inspector General (OIG) periodically...

  11. 29 CFR 500.161 - Audits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Audits. 500.161 Section 500.161 Labor Regulations Relating... AGRICULTURAL WORKER PROTECTION Enforcement Agreements with Federal and State Agencies § 500.161 Audits. The Secretary shall conduct audits as he deems necessary of the State plans, but on not less than an...

  12. 29 CFR 515.6 - Audits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Audits. 515.6 Section 515.6 Labor Regulations Relating to... FOR INVESTIGATIONS AND INSPECTIONS § 515.6 Audits. The accounting records and the supporting data pertaining to expenditures for investigations and inspections under the Acts shall be subject to audit by...

  13. 24 CFR 883.313 - Audit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... developed by State agencies, these agencies shall follow audit requirements in 24 CFR part 44. (b) Where a..., the audit requirements in 24 CFR part 45 shall apply. ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Audit. 883.313 Section...

  14. 20 CFR 404.2120 - Audits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... in the Federal Procurement Regulations (41 CFR parts 1-20). (b) Audit basis. Auditing will be based... unless the State VR agency appeals that decision in writing in accordance with 45 CFR part 16 to the... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Audits. 404.2120 Section 404.2120...

  15. 20 CFR 404.1627 - Audits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... Board. The rules for hearings and appeals are provided in 45 CFR part 16. (b) Audits performed by the... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Audits. 404.1627 Section 404.1627 Employees...- ) Determinations of Disability Administrative Responsibilities and Requirements § 404.1627 Audits. (a)...

  16. 7 CFR 250.18 - Audits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... the Department's Uniform Federal Assistance Regulations (7 CFR part 3015). (b) Independent CPA audits... auditing provisions set forth under the Uniform Federal Assistance Regulations (7 CFR part 3015, subpart I... 7 Agriculture 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Audits. 250.18 Section 250.18 Agriculture...

  17. 10 CFR 603.1115 - Single audits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Single audits. 603.1115 Section 603.1115 Energy DEPARTMENT... Administration § 603.1115 Single audits. For audits of for-profit participant's systems, under §§ 603.640 through 603.660, the contracting officer is the focal point for ensuring that participants submit...

  18. 42 CFR 457.202 - Audits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Audits. 457.202 Section 457.202 Public Health...-Reviews and Audits; Withholding for Failure to Comply; Deferral and Disallowance of Claims; Reduction of Federal Medical Payments § 457.202 Audits. (a) Purpose. The Department's Office of Inspector General...

  19. 28 CFR 31.201 - Audit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Audit. 31.201 Section 31.201 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE OJJDP GRANT PROGRAMS Formula Grants General Requirements § 31.201 Audit. The State must assure that it adheres to the audit requirements enumerated in the “Financial...

  20. 49 CFR 237.151 - Audits; general.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Audits; general. 237.151 Section 237.151..., DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION BRIDGE SAFETY STANDARDS Documentation, Records, and Audits of Bridge Management Programs § 237.151 Audits; general. Each program adopted to comply with this part shall include...

  1. 7 CFR 735.403 - Audits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Audits. 735.403 Section 735.403 Agriculture... Audits. (a) No later than 120 calendar days following the end of the provider's fiscal year, the provider authorized under §§ 735.401 and 735.402 must submit to FSA an annual audit level financial statement and...

  2. 10 CFR 835.102 - Internal audits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Internal audits. 835.102 Section 835.102 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OCCUPATIONAL RADIATION PROTECTION Management and Administrative Requirements § 835.102 Internal audits. Internal audits of the radiation protection program, including examination of...

  3. 24 CFR 882.124 - Audit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...) SECTION 8 MODERATE REHABILITATION PROGRAMS Applicability, Scope and Basic Policies § 882.124 Audit. PHAs receiving financial assistance under this part are subject to audit requirements in 24 CFR part 44. ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Audit. 882.124 Section...

  4. 20 CFR 655.180 - Audit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Audit. 655.180 Section 655.180 Employees... United States (H-2A Workers) Integrity Measures § 655.180 Audit. The CO may conduct audits of applications for which certifications have been granted. (a) Discretion. The applications selected for...

  5. 11 CFR 9038.1 - Audit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... audit and examination conducted under 11 CFR 9038.1(a) (1) and (2) may be used by the Commission as the... determination made by the Commission pursuant to 11 CFR 9038.2(c)(1). (2) The audit report may contain issues....C. 437g and 11 CFR part 111. (3) Addenda to the audit report may be approved and issued by...

  6. 24 CFR 941.209 - Audit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... HOUSING DEVELOPMENT PHA Eligibility and Program Requirements § 941.209 Audit. All PHAs that receive funds under this part for the development of low-income housing shall comply with audit requirements in 24 CFR... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Audit. 941.209 Section...

  7. 42 CFR 38.9 - Federal audits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Federal audits. 38.9 Section 38.9 Public Health... ASSISTANCE FOR CRISIS COUNSELING AND TRAINING § 38.9 Federal audits. The Secretary, the Administrator, and... supplies received under this part for the purpose of audit and examination....

  8. 49 CFR 663.11 - Audit financing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Audit financing. 663.11 Section 663.11..., DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION PRE-AWARD AND POST-DELIVERY AUDITS OF ROLLING STOCK PURCHASES General § 663.11 Audit financing. A recipient purchasing revenue rolling stock with FTA funds may charge the cost...

  9. 20 CFR 416.2220 - Audits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... in the Federal Procurement Regulations (41 CFR parts 1-20). (b) Audit basis. Auditing will be based... unless the State VR agency appeals that decision in writing in accordance with 45 CFR part 16 to the... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Audits. 416.2220 Section 416.2220...

  10. 48 CFR 225.872-6 - Audit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Audit. 225.872-6 Section...-6 Audit. (a) Memoranda of understanding with some qualifying countries contain annexes that provide for reciprocal “no-cost” audits of contracts and subcontracts (pre- and post-award). (b) To...

  11. 24 CFR 92.506 - Audit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... INVESTMENT PARTNERSHIPS PROGRAM Program Administration § 92.506 Audit. Audits of the participating jurisdiction, State recipients, and subrecipients must be conducted in accordance with 24 CFR 84.26 and 85.26. ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Audit. 92.506 Section...

  12. 42 CFR 447.202 - Audits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Audits. 447.202 Section 447.202 Public Health... ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS PAYMENTS FOR SERVICES Payment Methods: General Provisions § 447.202 Audits. The Medicaid agency must assure appropriate audit of records if payment is based on costs of services or on a fee...

  13. 20 CFR 416.1027 - Audits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... Board. The rules for hearings and appeals are provided in 45 CFR part 16. (b) Audits performed by the... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Audits. 416.1027 Section 416.1027 Employees... Determinations of Disability Administrative Responsibilities and Requirements § 416.1027 Audits. (a)...

  14. 28 CFR 100.18 - Audit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Audit. 100.18 Section 100.18 Judicial... ENFORCEMENT ACT OF 1994 § 100.18 Audit. (a) General. In order to evaluate the accuracy, completeness, and... examine and audit all of the carrier's supporting materials. (1) These materials include, but are...

  15. 7 CFR 226.8 - Audits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Audits. 226.8 Section 226.8 Agriculture Regulations of... NUTRITION PROGRAMS CHILD AND ADULT CARE FOOD PROGRAM State Agency Provisions § 226.8 Audits. (a) Unless otherwise exempt, audits at the State and institution levels must be conducted in accordance with Office...

  16. 24 CFR 880.211 - Audit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... administrator under § 880.505 receiving financial assistance under this part, the audit requirements in 24 CFR... financial assistance under this part, the audit requirements in 24 CFR part 45 shall apply. ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Audit. 880.211 Section...

  17. 10 CFR 72.176 - Audits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Audits. 72.176 Section 72.176 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY... RADIOACTIVE WASTE, AND REACTOR-RELATED GREATER THAN CLASS C WASTE Quality Assurance § 72.176 Audits. The... comprehensive system of planned and periodic audits to verify compliance with all aspects of the...

  18. 10 CFR 71.137 - Audits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Audits. 71.137 Section 71.137 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) PACKAGING AND TRANSPORTATION OF RADIOACTIVE MATERIAL Quality Assurance § 71.137 Audits... planned and periodic audits to verify compliance with all aspects of the quality assurance program and...

  19. 24 CFR 884.124 - Audit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ..., receiving financial assistance under this part, the audit requirements in 24 CFR part 44 shall apply. (b... this part, the audit requirements in 24 CFR part 45 shall apply. ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Audit. 884.124 Section...

  20. 24 CFR 574.650 - Audit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... must provide for audits in accordance with 24 CFR part 44. A nonprofit organization that is a grantee or a project sponsor is subject to the audit requirements set forth in 24 CFR part 45. ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Audit. 574.650 Section...

  1. 30 CFR 220.033 - Audits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Audits. 220.033 Section 220.033 Mineral... Audits. (a) The accounts of an NPSL lessee or of a contractor of the lessee which are related to NPSL operations shall be subject to audit by DOI or its appointed agent. Where possible, the auditor for DOI...

  2. 24 CFR 954.503 - Audit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... PROGRAM Program Administration § 954.503 Audit. Audits of the grantee and subgrantees must be conducted in accordance with 24 CFR parts 44 and 45, as applicable. ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Audit. 954.503 Section...

  3. 7 CFR 249.18 - Audits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Audits. 249.18 Section 249.18 Agriculture Regulations... Agencies § 249.18 Audits. (a) Federal access to information. The Secretary of the U.S. Department of... State agency and their contractors, for the purpose of making surveys, audits, examinations,...

  4. 20 CFR 638.809 - Audit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Audit. 638.809 Section 638.809 Employees... THE JOB TRAINING PARTNERSHIP ACT Administrative Provisions § 638.809 Audit. (a) The Secretary of Labor... purpose of making surveys, audits, examinations, excerpts, and transcripts. (b) The Secretary shall,...

  5. 24 CFR 214.500 - Audit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... PROGRAM Other Federal Requirements § 214.500 Audit. Housing counseling grant recipients and subrecipients shall be subject to the audit requirements contained in 24 CFR parts 84 and 85. HUD must be provided a... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Audit. 214.500 Section...

  6. 7 CFR 3570.83 - Audits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... COMMUNITY PROGRAMS Community Facilities Grant Program § 3570.83 Audits. (a) Audits will be conducted in accordance with 7 CFR 1942.17(q)(4), except as provided in this section. (b) Grantees who are not required to... 7 Agriculture 15 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Audits. 3570.83 Section 3570.83...

  7. The RIACS Intelligent Auditing and Categorizing System

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bishop, Matt

    1988-01-01

    The organization of the RIACS auditing package is described along with how to installation instructions and how to interpret the output. How to set up both local and remote file system auditing is given. Logging is done on a time driven basis, and auditing in a passive mode.

  8. Validation of Organizational Communication Audit Instruments.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    DeWine, Sue; And Others

    Based on a review of the literature, this paper examines criticisms leveled against the communication audit developed by the International Communication Association (ICA) and then offers a modified version of the audit designed to meet those criticisms. Following a brief introduction, the first section of the paper reviews criticisms of the audit,…

  9. 44 CFR 151.22 - Audits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Audits. 151.22 Section 151.22..., Penalties § 151.22 Audits. At the discretion of the Administrator, all claims submitted under section 11 of the Act and all records of the claimant will be subject to audit by the Administrator or...

  10. 7 CFR 250.18 - Audits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... the Department's Uniform Federal Assistance Regulations (7 CFR part 3015). (b) Independent CPA audits... auditing provisions set forth under the Uniform Federal Assistance Regulations (7 CFR part 3015, subpart I... 7 Agriculture 4 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Audits. 250.18 Section 250.18 Agriculture...

  11. 48 CFR 225.872-6 - Audit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Audit. 225.872-6 Section...-6 Audit. (a) Memoranda of understanding with some qualifying countries contain annexes that provide for reciprocal “no-cost” audits of contracts and subcontracts (pre- and post-award). (b) To...

  12. 24 CFR 884.124 - Audit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ..., receiving financial assistance under this part, the audit requirements in 24 CFR part 44 shall apply. (b... this part, the audit requirements in 24 CFR part 45 shall apply. ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Audit. 884.124 Section...

  13. 20 CFR 638.809 - Audit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Audit. 638.809 Section 638.809 Employees... THE JOB TRAINING PARTNERSHIP ACT Administrative Provisions § 638.809 Audit. (a) The Secretary of Labor... purpose of making surveys, audits, examinations, excerpts, and transcripts. (b) The Secretary shall,...

  14. 20 CFR 416.1027 - Audits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... Board. The rules for hearings and appeals are provided in 45 CFR part 16. (b) Audits performed by the... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Audits. 416.1027 Section 416.1027 Employees... Determinations of Disability Administrative Responsibilities and Requirements § 416.1027 Audits. (a)...

  15. 24 CFR 891.515 - Audit requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... Elderly and Persons with Disabilities § 891.515 Audit requirements. Nonprofits receiving assistance under this part are subject to the audit requirements in 24 CFR part 45. Section 202 Projects for the Elderly... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Audit requirements. 891.515...

  16. 7 CFR 249.18 - Audits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 4 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Audits. 249.18 Section 249.18 Agriculture Regulations... Agencies § 249.18 Audits. (a) Federal access to information. The Secretary of the U.S. Department of... State agency and their contractors, for the purpose of making surveys, audits, examinations,...

  17. 7 CFR 3570.83 - Audits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... COMMUNITY PROGRAMS Community Facilities Grant Program § 3570.83 Audits. (a) Audits will be conducted in accordance with 7 CFR 1942.17(q)(4), except as provided in this section. (b) Grantees who are not required to... 7 Agriculture 15 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Audits. 3570.83 Section 3570.83...

  18. 28 CFR 31.201 - Audit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Audit. 31.201 Section 31.201 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE OJJDP GRANT PROGRAMS Formula Grants General Requirements § 31.201 Audit. The State must assure that it adheres to the audit requirements enumerated in the “Financial...

  19. 24 CFR 882.124 - Audit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...) SECTION 8 MODERATE REHABILITATION PROGRAMS Applicability, Scope and Basic Policies § 882.124 Audit. PHAs receiving financial assistance under this part are subject to audit requirements in 24 CFR part 44. ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Audit. 882.124 Section...

  20. 42 CFR 457.202 - Audits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Audits. 457.202 Section 457.202 Public Health...-Reviews and Audits; Withholding for Failure to Comply; Deferral and Disallowance of Claims; Reduction of Federal Medical Payments § 457.202 Audits. (a) Purpose. The Department's Office of Inspector General...

  1. 45 CFR 96.91 - Audit requirement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Audit requirement. 96.91 Section 96.91 Public... Block Grants § 96.91 Audit requirement. Pursuant to section 1745(b) of the Reconciliation Act (31 U.S.C. 1243 note) an audit is required with respect to the 2-year period beginning on October 1, 1981,...

  2. 10 CFR 71.137 - Audits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Audits. 71.137 Section 71.137 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) PACKAGING AND TRANSPORTATION OF RADIOACTIVE MATERIAL Quality Assurance § 71.137 Audits... planned and periodic audits to verify compliance with all aspects of the quality assurance program and...

  3. 20 CFR 404.1627 - Audits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... Board. The rules for hearings and appeals are provided in 45 CFR part 16. (b) Audits performed by the... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Audits. 404.1627 Section 404.1627 Employees...- ) Determinations of Disability Administrative Responsibilities and Requirements § 404.1627 Audits. (a)...

  4. 24 CFR 941.209 - Audit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... HOUSING DEVELOPMENT PHA Eligibility and Program Requirements § 941.209 Audit. All PHAs that receive funds under this part for the development of low-income housing shall comply with audit requirements in 24 CFR... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Audit. 941.209 Section...

  5. 24 CFR 954.503 - Audit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... PROGRAM Program Administration § 954.503 Audit. Audits of the grantee and subgrantees must be conducted in accordance with 24 CFR parts 44 and 45, as applicable. ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Audit. 954.503 Section...

  6. 24 CFR 891.160 - Audit requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... § 891.160 Audit requirements. Nonprofits receiving assistance under this part are subject to the audit requirements in 24 CFR part 45. ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Audit requirements. 891.160...

  7. 43 CFR 3190.2-3 - Audit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 2 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Audit. 3190.2-3 Section 3190.2-3 Public... and Gas Inspections: General § 3190.2-3 Audit. In maintaining financial records relating to the funds... tribes and contractors shall comply with generally accepted accounting principles and audit...

  8. 42 CFR 447.202 - Audits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Audits. 447.202 Section 447.202 Public Health... ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS PAYMENTS FOR SERVICES Payment Methods: General Provisions § 447.202 Audits. The Medicaid agency must assure appropriate audit of records if payment is based on costs of services or on a fee...

  9. 20 CFR 655.180 - Audit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Audit. 655.180 Section 655.180 Employees... United States (H-2A Workers) Integrity Measures § 655.180 Audit. The CO may conduct audits of applications for which certifications have been granted. (a) Discretion. The applications selected for...

  10. 29 CFR 500.161 - Audits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Audits. 500.161 Section 500.161 Labor Regulations Relating... AGRICULTURAL WORKER PROTECTION Enforcement Agreements with Federal and State Agencies § 500.161 Audits. The Secretary shall conduct audits as he deems necessary of the State plans, but on not less than an...

  11. 24 CFR 880.211 - Audit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... administrator under § 880.505 receiving financial assistance under this part, the audit requirements in 24 CFR... financial assistance under this part, the audit requirements in 24 CFR part 45 shall apply. ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Audit. 880.211 Section...

  12. 29 CFR 515.6 - Audits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Audits. 515.6 Section 515.6 Labor Regulations Relating to... FOR INVESTIGATIONS AND INSPECTIONS § 515.6 Audits. The accounting records and the supporting data pertaining to expenditures for investigations and inspections under the Acts shall be subject to audit by...

  13. 24 CFR 883.313 - Audit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... developed by State agencies, these agencies shall follow audit requirements in 24 CFR part 44. (b) Where a..., the audit requirements in 24 CFR part 45 shall apply. ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Audit. 883.313 Section...

  14. 38 CFR 41.505 - Audit reporting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... internal control were disclosed by the audit of the financial statements and whether any such conditions... reportable conditions in internal control over major programs were disclosed by the audit and whether any... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Audit reporting....

  15. 12 CFR 1273.9 - Audit Committee.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... internal audit activities, including the selection, evaluation, compensation and, where appropriate, replacement of the internal auditor. The internal auditor shall report directly to the Audit Committee and... board of directors and the internal and external auditors. (12) The Audit Committee shall conduct...

  16. 12 CFR 917.7 - Audit committees.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... internal auditor and that the internal auditor may be removed only with the approval of the audit committee; (ii) Provide that the internal auditor shall report directly to the audit committee on substantive matters and that the internal auditor is ultimately accountable to the audit committee and board...

  17. 32 CFR 34.16 - Audits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Program Management § 34.16 Audits. (a) Any recipient that expends $500,000 or more in a year under Federal... independent audit is intended to ascertain the adequacy of the recipient's internal financial management... 32 National Defense 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Audits. 34.16 Section 34.16 National...

  18. 10 CFR 835.102 - Internal audits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Internal audits. 835.102 Section 835.102 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OCCUPATIONAL RADIATION PROTECTION Management and Administrative Requirements § 835.102 Internal audits. Internal audits of the radiation protection program, including examination of...

  19. 29 CFR 99.505 - Audit reporting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... that reportable conditions in internal control over major programs were disclosed by the audit and... reportable conditions in internal control were disclosed by the audit of the financial statements and whether... 29 Labor 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Audit reporting. 99.505 Section 99.505 Labor Office of...

  20. 24 CFR 574.650 - Audit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... must provide for audits in accordance with 24 CFR part 44. A nonprofit organization that is a grantee or a project sponsor is subject to the audit requirements set forth in 24 CFR part 45. ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 3 2011-04-01 2010-04-01 true Audit. 574.650 Section...

  1. 40 CFR Appendix F to Part 60 - Quality Assurance Procedures

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 60—Quality Assurance Procedures Procedure 1. Quality Assurance Requirements for Gas Continuous... 40 CFR part 60. Procedure 1 also requires the analysis of the EPA audit samples concurrent with....1Continuous Emission Monitoring System. The total equipment required for the determination of a...

  2. 40 CFR Appendix F to Part 60 - Quality Assurance Procedures

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 60—Quality Assurance Procedures Procedure 1. Quality Assurance Requirements for Gas Continuous... 40 CFR part 60. Procedure 1 also requires the analysis of the EPA audit samples concurrent with....1Continuous Emission Monitoring System. The total equipment required for the determination of a...

  3. 40 CFR Appendix F to Part 60 - Quality Assurance Procedures

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 60—Quality Assurance Procedures Procedure 1. Quality Assurance Requirements for Gas Continuous... 40 CFR part 60. Procedure 1 also requires the analysis of the EPA audit samples concurrent with....1Continuous Emission Monitoring System. The total equipment required for the determination of a...

  4. Nurses' participation in audit: a regional study

    PubMed Central

    Cheater, F. M.; Keane, M.

    1998-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: To find out to what extent nurses were perceived to be participating in audit, to identify factors thought to impede their involvement, and to assess progress towards multidisciplinary audit. RESEARCH DESIGN: Qualitative. METHODS: Focus groups and interviews. PARTICIPANTS: Chairs of audit groups and audit support staff in hospital, community and primary health care and audit leads in health authorities in the North West Region. RESULTS: In total 99 audit leads/support staff in the region participated representing 89% of the primary health care audit groups, 80% of acute hospitals, 73% of community health services, and 59% of purchasers. Many audit groups remain medically dominated despite recent changes to their structure and organisation. The quality of interprofessional relations, the leadership style of the audit chair, and nurses' level of seniority, audit knowledge, and experience influenced whether groups reflected a multidisciplinary, rather than a doctor centred approach. Nurses were perceived to be enthusiastic supporters of audit, although their active participation in the process was considered substantially less than for doctors in acute and community health services. Practice nurses were increasingly being seen as the local audit enthusiasts in primary health care. Reported obstacles to nurses' participation in audit included hierarchical nurse and doctor relationships, lack of commitment from senior doctors and managers, poor organisational links between departments of quality and audit, work load pressures and lack of protected time, availability of practical support, and lack of knowledge and skills. Progress towards multidisciplinary audit was highly variable. The undisciplinary approach to audit was still common, particularly in acute services. Multidisciplinary audit was more successfully established in areas already predisposed towards teamworking or where nurses had high involvement in decision making. Audit support staff were

  5. Dosimetry audit of radiotherapy treatment planning systems.

    PubMed

    Bulski, Wojciech; Chełmiński, Krzysztof; Rostkowska, Joanna

    2015-07-01

    In radiotherapy Treatment Planning Systems (TPS) various calculation algorithms are used. The accuracy of dose calculations has to be verified. Numerous phantom types, detectors and measurement methodologies are proposed to verify the TPS calculations with dosimetric measurements. A heterogeneous slab phantom has been designed within a Coordinated Research Project (CRP) of the IAEA. The heterogeneous phantom was developed in the frame of the IAEA CRP. The phantom consists of frame slabs made with polystyrene and exchangeable inhomogeneity slabs equivalent to bone or lung tissue. Special inserts allow to position thermoluminescent dosimeters (TLD) capsules within the polystyrene slabs below the bone or lung equivalent slabs and also within the lung equivalent material. Additionally, there are inserts that allow to position films or ionisation chamber in the phantom. Ten Polish radiotherapy centres (of 30 in total) were audited during on-site visits. Six different TPSs and five calculation algorithms were examined in the presence of inhomogeneities. Generally, most of the results from TLD were within 5 % tolerance. Differences between doses calculated by TPSs and measured with TLD did not exceed 4 % for bone and polystyrene equivalent materials. Under the lung equivalent material, on the beam axis the differences were lower than 5 %, whereas inside the lung equivalent material, off the beam axis, in some cases they were of around 7 %. The TLD results were confirmed with the ionisation chamber measurements. The comparison results of the calculations and the measurements allow to detect limitations of TPS calculation algorithms. The audits performed with the use of heterogeneous phantom and TLD seem to be an effective tool for detecting the limitations in the TPS performance or beam configuration errors at audited radiotherapy departments.

  6. Final Draft of RACER Audit

    SciTech Connect

    Paige, Karen Schultz; Gomez, Penelope E.

    2011-01-01

    This document describes the approach Waste and Environmental Services - Environmental Data and Analysis plans to take to resolve the issues presented in a recent audit of the WES-EDA Environmental Database relative to the RACER database. A majority of the issues discovered in the audit will be resolved in May 2011 when the WES-EDA Environmental Database, along with other LANL databases, are integrated and moved to a new vendor providing an Environmental Information Management (EIM) system that allows reporting capabilities for all users directly from the database. The EIM system will reside in a publicly accessible LANL cloud-based software system. When this transition occurs, the data quality, completeness, and access will change significantly. In the remainder of this document, this new structure will be referred to as the LANL Cloud System In general, our plan is to address the issues brought up in this audit in three ways: (1) Data quality issues such as units and detection status, which impinge upon data usability, will be resolved as soon possible so that data quality is maintained. (2) Issues requiring data cleanup, such as look up tables, legacy data, locations, codes, and significant data discrepancies, will be addressed as resources permit. (3) Issues associated with data feed problems will be eliminated by the LANL Cloud System, because there will be no data feed. As discussed in the paragraph above, in the future the data will reside in a publicly accessible system. Note that report writers may choose to convert, adapt, or simplify the information they receive officially through our data base, thereby introducing data discrepancies between the data base and the public report. It is not always possible to incorporate and/or correct these errors when they occur. Issues in the audit will be discussed in the order in which they are presented in the audit report. Clarifications will also be noted as the audit report was a draft document, at the time of this

  7. Utility of the AUDIT for screening adolescents for problematic alcohol use in the emergency department.

    PubMed

    Fairlie, Anne M; Sindelar, Holly A; Eaton, Cheryl A; Spirito, Anthony

    2006-01-01

    The emergency department is a setting conducive to screening adolescents for problematic alcohol use, who can then be targeted for further evaluation and intervention. This study examined the utility of the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) as a screening measure for identifying young adolescents in an urban emergency department (ED). Adolescents (13-17 years old) who presented to the ED were screened as part of a larger study. A total of 859 adolescents, who denied alcohol use prior to their ED visit were administered the AUDIT. Of the 500 younger adolescents (13-15 years old), approximately 4% (n=22) were classified as AUDIT-positive using a cut-score of four or greater. Of the 359 older adolescents (16-17 years old), almost 19% (n=67) were classified as AUDIT-positive. The ability of shorter versions of the AUDIT to identify AUDIT-positive adolescents (as classified by the 10-item AUDIT using a cut-score of four or greater) was also explored. Since the adolescents in the current study were not alcohol-positive at the time of the ED visit, they would likely have been missed by biochemical alcohol screening alone. Screening procedures that employ the AUDIT may be most efficient when adapted for the specific adolescent age group (younger versus older), thus identifying the highest number of adolescents who should be targeted for intervention. Lowering the recommended adult cut-scores on the shorter versions of the AUDIT appears necessary to identify adolescents who may benefit from intervention or referral.

  8. Internal audits can safeguard hospital revenue.

    PubMed

    Allen, Barbara

    2013-09-01

    Hospitals should routinely perform internal audits of all functions affecting billing accuracy to mitigate the effects of payer audits and to protect revenue by improving billing processes. A primary focus for internal audits should be on coding accuracy, because coding errors leading to denials often reflect gaps in coders' knowledge or training. Effective communication between coding and denials management professionals is a critical success factor. Audits should support appeals processes, and audit findings should be used in educational initiatives aimed at improving coding accuracy.

  9. Evolution of an environmental audit program

    SciTech Connect

    Maday, J.H.; Kuusinen, T.L.

    1991-10-01

    Environmental audits are discussed. Within todays corporate culture, auditors and auditees alike, have been assigned stewardship over the environment. Audits provide a quality assurance check to contribute to the verification process, helping to ensure the management practices associated with the environmental management system are in place, functioning, and adequate. The objective of the audit is to help improve the effectiveness of that basic management system while at the same time determining compliance with the environmental requirements. Performing the audit in a well documented manner, using technique knowledgeable teams, will provide defendable benefits should the audit be challenged and will enhance the credibility of the existing environmental management system.

  10. Surgical audit in the developing countries.

    PubMed

    Bankole, J O; Lawal, O O; Adejuyigbe, O

    2003-01-01

    Audit assures provision of good quality health service at affordable cost. To be complete therefore, surgical practice in the young developing countries, as elsewhere, must incorporate auditing. Peculiarities of the developing countries and insufficient understanding of auditing may be, however, responsible for its been little practised. This article, therefore, reviews the objectives, the commonly evaluated aspects, and the method of audit, and includes a simple model of audit cycle. It is hoped that it will kindle the idea of regular practice of quality assurance by surgeons working in the young developing nations and engender a sustainable interest. PMID:12769314

  11. 21 CFR 26.46 - Listing of additional CAB's.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL MUTUAL RECOGNITION OF PHARMACEUTICAL GOOD MANUFACTURING PRACTICE REPORTS, MEDICAL DEVICE QUALITY SYSTEM AUDIT REPORTS... operational period, additional conformity assessment bodies (CAB's) will be considered for equivalence...

  12. 21 CFR 26.46 - Listing of additional CAB's.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL MUTUAL RECOGNITION OF PHARMACEUTICAL GOOD MANUFACTURING PRACTICE REPORTS, MEDICAL DEVICE QUALITY SYSTEM AUDIT REPORTS... operational period, additional conformity assessment bodies (CAB's) will be considered for equivalence...

  13. 40 CFR Appendix to Subpart Eee of... - Quality Assurance Procedures for Continuous Emissions Monitors Used for Hazardous Waste Combustors

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... reports). 2. Schedules for the daily checks, periodic audits, and preventive maintenance. 3. Check lists... describing in detail complete, step-by-step procedures and operations for the following activities. 1. Checks..., and reporting. 7. Checks of record keeping. 8. Accuracy audit procedures, including sampling...

  14. [Blood transfusion audit methodology: the auditors, reference systems and audit guidelines].

    PubMed

    Chevrolle, F; Hadzlik, E; Arnold, J; Hergon, E

    2000-12-01

    The audit has become an essential aspect of the blood transfusion sector, and is a management tool that should be used judiciously. The main types of audit that can be envisaged in blood transfusion are the following: operational audit concerning a predetermined activity; systems quality audit; competence audit, combining the operational audit on a specific activity with quality management, e.g., laboratory accreditation; audit of the environmental management system; and social audit involving the organization of an activity and the management of human resources. However, the main type of audit considered in this article is the conformity audit, which in this context does not refer to internal control but to conformity with an internal guideline issued by the French National Blood Service. All audits are carried out on the basis of a predescribed method (contained in ISO 10 011). The audit is a system of investigation, evaluation and measurement, and also a means of continuous assessment and therefore improvement. The audit is based on set guidelines, but in fact consists of determining the difference between the directions given and what has actually been done. Auditing requires operational rigor and integrity, and has now become a profession in its own right.

  15. [Blood transfusion audit methodology: the auditors, reference systems and audit guidelines].

    PubMed

    Chevrolle, F; Hadzlik, E; Arnold, J; Hergon, E

    2000-12-01

    The audit has become an essential aspect of the blood transfusion sector, and is a management tool that should be used judiciously. The main types of audit that can be envisaged in blood transfusion are the following: operational audit concerning a predetermined activity; systems quality audit; competence audit, combining the operational audit on a specific activity with quality management, e.g., laboratory accreditation; audit of the environmental management system; and social audit involving the organization of an activity and the management of human resources. However, the main type of audit considered in this article is the conformity audit, which in this context does not refer to internal control but to conformity with an internal guideline issued by the French National Blood Service. All audits are carried out on the basis of a predescribed method (contained in ISO 10 011). The audit is a system of investigation, evaluation and measurement, and also a means of continuous assessment and therefore improvement. The audit is based on set guidelines, but in fact consists of determining the difference between the directions given and what has actually been done. Auditing requires operational rigor and integrity, and has now become a profession in its own right. PMID:11204842

  16. Research ethics committee auditing: the experience of a university hospital.

    PubMed

    Marchetti, Daniela; Spagnolo, Angelico; Cicerone, Marina; Cascini, Fidelia; La Monaca, Giuseppe; Spagnolo, Antonio G

    2013-09-01

    The authors report the first Italian experience of a research ethics committee (REC) audit focused on the evaluation of the REC's compliance with standard operating procedures, requirements in insurance coverage, informed consent, protection of privacy and confidentiality, predictable risks/harms, selection of subjects, withdrawal criteria and other issues, such as advertisement details and justification of placebo. The internal audit was conducted over a two-year period (March 2009-February 2011) divided into quarters to better value the influence of the new insurance coverage regulation that came into effect in March 2010 (Ministerial Decree of 14 July, 2009) and expand the requirements to safeguard participants in clinical drug trials including other critical items as information and consent and the risks to benefits ratio. Out of a total of 639 REC's opinions and research studies, 316 were reviewed. Regarding the insurance policy requirements, Auditor/REC non-compliance occurred only in one case. The highest number of Auditor/REC non-compliance was in regard to information and consent, which should have incurred a suspended decision rather than a favorable opinion. This internal audit shows the importance and the difficulty of the review process. For this reason, specific courses for members of the research ethics committee and for those who aspire to become auditors will be provided. There may also be efforts to improve the standard operating procedures already in place.

  17. [Audit "Toys and incubators in neonatology"].

    PubMed

    Raginel, T; Bigoin-Dupont, M; Aguelon, V; Fines-Guyon, M; Guillemin, M G

    2009-08-01

    Owing to an increase in nosocomial septicaemias in the Neonatalogy department, we've judged it necessary to consider the role of items not linked to the nursing procedures, and nevertheless present in the incubators, as well as the hygiene techniques applied to them. In November 2007, we've made a longitudinal prospective study consisting in an observation audit during 3 successive days, observing every single incubator with a newborn baby. In each incubator, we've checked whether there were or not items that weren't required by the nursing activities, along with their characteristics and the hygiene procedures applied to them. We've inquired as well whether the parents and the nursing staff knew and applied the required hygiene procedures. In 13 among the 17 incubators under survey, at least one item not strictly required by the nursing procedures could be found. The number of toys in each incubator varied from seven to one. Among the 33 toys surveyed, 24 (73%) of them showed a score of maximum fluffiness (4 out of 4), and only 10 wore labels giving cleansing advice from the manufacturers. Without any record about the cleaning/disinfecting of the toys brought in hospital, we have observed that the parents were given varied advice about how to clean the toys at home before putting them in the incubators (only four parents had washed the toys in their washing machines at more than 30 degrees C). From the six samples under scrutiny, all the culture results were tested positive. In particular two of the soft toys sampled were found infected by a Pseudomonas oryzihabitans. These particular toys belonged to a baby who had been diagnosed with a septicaemia characterized by hemocultures positive to a P. oryzihabitans of a different strain. Our audit has been an efficient reminder that any item put in an incubator is a potential vector and reservoir of pathogen organisms. After a general feedback towards the department staff, the medical staff then prescribed to

  18. [Audit "Toys and incubators in neonatology"].

    PubMed

    Raginel, T; Bigoin-Dupont, M; Aguelon, V; Fines-Guyon, M; Guillemin, M G

    2009-08-01

    Owing to an increase in nosocomial septicaemias in the Neonatalogy department, we've judged it necessary to consider the role of items not linked to the nursing procedures, and nevertheless present in the incubators, as well as the hygiene techniques applied to them. In November 2007, we've made a longitudinal prospective study consisting in an observation audit during 3 successive days, observing every single incubator with a newborn baby. In each incubator, we've checked whether there were or not items that weren't required by the nursing activities, along with their characteristics and the hygiene procedures applied to them. We've inquired as well whether the parents and the nursing staff knew and applied the required hygiene procedures. In 13 among the 17 incubators under survey, at least one item not strictly required by the nursing procedures could be found. The number of toys in each incubator varied from seven to one. Among the 33 toys surveyed, 24 (73%) of them showed a score of maximum fluffiness (4 out of 4), and only 10 wore labels giving cleansing advice from the manufacturers. Without any record about the cleaning/disinfecting of the toys brought in hospital, we have observed that the parents were given varied advice about how to clean the toys at home before putting them in the incubators (only four parents had washed the toys in their washing machines at more than 30 degrees C). From the six samples under scrutiny, all the culture results were tested positive. In particular two of the soft toys sampled were found infected by a Pseudomonas oryzihabitans. These particular toys belonged to a baby who had been diagnosed with a septicaemia characterized by hemocultures positive to a P. oryzihabitans of a different strain. Our audit has been an efficient reminder that any item put in an incubator is a potential vector and reservoir of pathogen organisms. After a general feedback towards the department staff, the medical staff then prescribed to

  19. Planning for and surviving a BCM audit.

    PubMed

    Freestone, Mandy; Lee, Michael

    2008-01-01

    Business continuity management (BCM) is moving progressively higher up the agendas of boardroom executives due to growing regulator, insurer and investor interest in risk management and BCM activity. With increasing pressure across all sectors, BCM has become an integral part of any effective corporate governance framework. Boardroom executives and senior management are thus now expected to provide an appropriate level of business continuity preparedness to better protect shareholder, investor and other stakeholder interests. The purpose of this paper is to build a link across the 'chasm' that separates the auditee from the auditor. The paper attempts to illuminate understanding about the process undertaken by an auditor when reviewing the BCM process. It details the steps the BCM auditor typically undertakes, and provides practical guidance as to the types of documentation and other supporting evidence required during the process. Additionally, the paper attempts to dispel commonly-held misconceptions about the BCM audit process. Executives, senior management and BCM practitioners will all benefit from the practical guidance offered in this paper, to assist in planning for and surviving a BCM audit. PMID:21339101

  20. Planning for and surviving a BCM audit.

    PubMed

    Freestone, Mandy; Lee, Michael

    2008-01-01

    Business continuity management (BCM) is moving progressively higher up the agendas of boardroom executives due to growing regulator, insurer and investor interest in risk management and BCM activity. With increasing pressure across all sectors, BCM has become an integral part of any effective corporate governance framework. Boardroom executives and senior management are thus now expected to provide an appropriate level of business continuity preparedness to better protect shareholder, investor and other stakeholder interests. The purpose of this paper is to build a link across the 'chasm' that separates the auditee from the auditor. The paper attempts to illuminate understanding about the process undertaken by an auditor when reviewing the BCM process. It details the steps the BCM auditor typically undertakes, and provides practical guidance as to the types of documentation and other supporting evidence required during the process. Additionally, the paper attempts to dispel commonly-held misconceptions about the BCM audit process. Executives, senior management and BCM practitioners will all benefit from the practical guidance offered in this paper, to assist in planning for and surviving a BCM audit.