Science.gov

Sample records for additional expiration months

  1. 14 CFR 47.40 - Registration expiration and renewal.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... October 1, 2010, expires on the expiration date identified in the following schedule that corresponds with...-1B, and the fee required by § 47.17 during the six months preceding the expiration date. A certificate issued under this paragraph expires three years from the expiration date of the...

  2. 14 CFR 47.40 - Registration expiration and renewal.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... October 1, 2010, expires on the expiration date identified in the following schedule that corresponds with...-1B, and the fee required by § 47.17 during the six months preceding the expiration date. A certificate issued under this paragraph expires three years from the expiration date of the...

  3. 14 CFR 47.40 - Registration expiration and renewal.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... October 1, 2010, expires on the expiration date identified in the following schedule that corresponds with...-1B, and the fee required by § 47.17 during the six months preceding the expiration date. A certificate issued under this paragraph expires three years from the expiration date of the...

  4. 46 CFR 154.1803 - Expiration of Certificates of Compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 5 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Expiration of Certificates of Compliance. 154.1803... Expiration of Certificates of Compliance. (a) A Certificate of Compliance expires after a period not to exceed twenty-four months from the date of the examination under § 154.150. (b) If a vessel's...

  5. 46 CFR 154.1803 - Expiration of Certificates of Compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 5 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Expiration of Certificates of Compliance. 154.1803... Expiration of Certificates of Compliance. (a) A Certificate of Compliance expires after a period not to exceed twenty-four months from the date of the examination under § 154.150. (b) If a vessel's...

  6. 46 CFR 154.1803 - Expiration of Certificates of Compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 5 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Expiration of Certificates of Compliance. 154.1803... Expiration of Certificates of Compliance. (a) A Certificate of Compliance expires after a period not to exceed twenty-four months from the date of the examination under § 154.150. (b) If a vessel's...

  7. 46 CFR 154.1803 - Expiration of Certificates of Compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Expiration of Certificates of Compliance. 154.1803... Expiration of Certificates of Compliance. (a) A Certificate of Compliance expires after a period not to exceed twenty-four months from the date of the examination under § 154.150. (b) If a vessel's...

  8. Analysis of expired medications in Serbian households

    PubMed Central

    Tomas, Ana; Tomic, Zdenko; Bukumiric, Dragica; Corac, Aleksandar; Horvat, Olga; Sabo, Ana

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Introduction An ongoing issue of expired medications accumulating in some households is a universal problem around the world. The aim of the study was to investigate the extent and structure of expired medications in Serbian households, and to determine which therapeutic groups generated the most waste. Methods This was an observational, cross-sectional study conducted in households in the city of Novi Sad, Serbia. The study had been performed over 8 month period (December 2011 - July 2012) and it consisted of personal insights into the medication inventory in households. Results Of 1008 families, 383 agreed to participate and complete the questionnaire (38.3% response rate). In almost a half of households (44.4%), expired medications were maintained. The amount of expired medications was 402 items, corresponding to 9.2% of total medications presented in surveyed households. The majority of expired medications (64.7%) was in solid dosage (tablets, capsules, granules, lozenges), following semisolid (ointments, creams, gel, suppositories) and liquid dosage forms (drops, syrups). Expired medications in the households belonged mostly to 3 categories: antimicrobials for systemic use (16.7%), dermatological preparation (15.9%) and medications for alimentary tract and metabolism (14.2%). Conclusions This study revealed that there were relatively large quantities of expired medications in Serbian households, with a high prevalence of antibiotics for systemic use, anti-inflammatory and antirheumatic products, and medications for alimentary tract and metabolism. PMID:27703539

  9. 13 Rules That Expire

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Karp, Karen S.; Bush, Sarah B.; Dougherty, Barbara J.

    2014-01-01

    Overgeneralizing commonly accepted strategies, using imprecise vocabulary, and relying on tips and tricks that do not promote conceptual mathematical understanding can lead to misunderstanding later in students' math careers. In this article, the authors present thirteen pervasive mathematics rules that "expire." With the…

  10. Stability profiles of drug products extended beyond labeled expiration dates.

    PubMed

    Lyon, Robbe C; Taylor, Jeb S; Porter, Donna A; Prasanna, Hullahalli R; Hussain, Ajaz S

    2006-07-01

    The American Medical Association has questioned whether expiration dating markedly underestimates the actual shelf life of drug products. Results from the shelf life extension program (SLEP) have been evaluated to provide extensive data to address this issue. The SLEP has been administered by the Food and Drug Administration for the United States Department of Defense (DOD) for 20 years. This program probably contains the most extensive source of pharmaceutical stability data extant. This report summarizes extended stability profiles for 122 different drug products (3,005 different lots). The drug products were categorized into five groups based on incidence of initial extension failures and termination failures (extended lot eventually failed upon re-testing). Based on testing and stability assessment, 88% of the lots were extended at least 1 year beyond their original expiration date for an average extension of 66 months, but the additional stability period was highly variable. The SLEP data supports the assertion that many drug products, if properly stored, can be extended past the expiration date. Due to the lot-to-lot variability, the stability and quality of extended drug products can only be assured by periodic testing and systematic evaluation of each lot. PMID:16721796

  11. 48 CFR 1.706 - Expiration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... ACQUISITION REGULATIONS SYSTEM Determinations and Findings 1.706 Expiration. Expiration dates are required for... it is exercised or on an expiration date specified in the document, whichever occurs first. Authority to act under a class D&F expires on the expiration date specified in the document. When...

  12. 49 CFR 1572.23 - TWIC expiration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... circumstances, TSA deems the TWIC to have expired regardless of the expiration date on the face of the TWIC. (b... 49 Transportation 9 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false TWIC expiration. 1572.23 Section 1572.23... ASSESSMENTS Procedures and General Standards § 1572.23 TWIC expiration. (a) A TWIC expires five years...

  13. 48 CFR 1.706 - Expiration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... ACQUISITION REGULATIONS SYSTEM Determinations and Findings 1.706 Expiration. Expiration dates are required for... it is exercised or on an expiration date specified in the document, whichever occurs first. Authority to act under a class D&F expires on the expiration date specified in the document. When...

  14. 49 CFR 1572.23 - TWIC expiration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... circumstances, TSA deems the TWIC to have expired regardless of the expiration date on the face of the TWIC. (b... 49 Transportation 9 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false TWIC expiration. 1572.23 Section 1572.23... ASSESSMENTS Procedures and General Standards § 1572.23 TWIC expiration. (a) A TWIC expires five years...

  15. 48 CFR 1.706 - Expiration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... ACQUISITION REGULATIONS SYSTEM Determinations and Findings 1.706 Expiration. Expiration dates are required for... it is exercised or on an expiration date specified in the document, whichever occurs first. Authority to act under a class D&F expires on the expiration date specified in the document. When...

  16. 49 CFR 1572.23 - TWIC expiration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... circumstances, TSA deems the TWIC to have expired regardless of the expiration date on the face of the TWIC. (b... 49 Transportation 9 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false TWIC expiration. 1572.23 Section 1572.23... ASSESSMENTS Procedures and General Standards § 1572.23 TWIC expiration. (a) A TWIC expires five years...

  17. 48 CFR 1.706 - Expiration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... ACQUISITION REGULATIONS SYSTEM Determinations and Findings 1.706 Expiration. Expiration dates are required for... it is exercised or on an expiration date specified in the document, whichever occurs first. Authority to act under a class D&F expires on the expiration date specified in the document. When...

  18. 49 CFR 1572.23 - TWIC expiration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... circumstances, TSA deems the TWIC to have expired regardless of the expiration date on the face of the TWIC. (b... 49 Transportation 9 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false TWIC expiration. 1572.23 Section 1572.23... ASSESSMENTS Procedures and General Standards § 1572.23 TWIC expiration. (a) A TWIC expires five years...

  19. Factors affecting expired waveform for carbon monoxide

    SciTech Connect

    Rubin, D.Z.; Lewis, S.M.; Mittman, C.

    1984-01-01

    The authors previously presented a method based on a computer lung model for determining the distribution of both specific ventilation and specific diffusing capacity. These argon and carbon monoxide (CO) washin and washout studies were obtained in 12 normal subjects and 24 patients with varying degrees of obstructive lung disease. In addition to end-tidal and mixed expired gas concentrations, the expired waveform for both gases was sampled. In patients we found that this method failed to adequately describe CO dynamics during the early part of expiration; predicted concentrations were higher than actual data. Modifications of the original model that satisfy all data are presented. This new model suggests that CO uptake occurs in spaces with ventilatory properties of dead space. The accuracy and reliability of these observations were established by computer simulation studies as well as by repeated testing in one subject. These proved to be highly reproducible over a period of 5 mo. Standard parameter sensitivity tests showed parameters to vary by less than 10% and to be stable even when realistic levels of noise were added to the data. We conclude that studies involving ventilation of insoluble gases are insufficient to describe gas exchange in the lung. The addition of an exchangeable gas adds significant understanding of lung function, particularly in disease.

  20. Operational Momentum in Large-Number Addition and Subtraction by 9-Month-Olds

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCrink, Koleen; Wynn, Karen

    2009-01-01

    Recent studies on nonsymbolic arithmetic have illustrated that under conditions that prevent exact calculation, adults display a systematic tendency to overestimate the answers to addition problems and underestimate the answers to subtraction problems. It has been suggested that this "operational momentum" results from exposure to a…

  1. 10 CFR 55.55 - Expiration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Expiration. 55.55 Section 55.55 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) OPERATORS' LICENSES Licenses § 55.55 Expiration. (a) Each operator license and senior operator license expires six years after the date of issuance, upon termination of employment with...

  2. 32 CFR 171.8 - Expiration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Expiration. 171.8 Section 171.8 National Defense Department of Defense OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE DEFENSE CONTRACTING IMPLEMENTATION OF WILDFIRE SUPPRESSION AIRCRAFT TRANSFER ACT OF 1996 § 171.8 Expiration. This part expires on 30 September 2005....

  3. 32 CFR 171.8 - Expiration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Expiration. 171.8 Section 171.8 National Defense Department of Defense OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE DEFENSE CONTRACTING IMPLEMENTATION OF WILDFIRE SUPPRESSION AIRCRAFT TRANSFER ACT OF 1996 § 171.8 Expiration. This part expires on 30 September 2005....

  4. 32 CFR 171.8 - Expiration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Expiration. 171.8 Section 171.8 National Defense Department of Defense OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE DEFENSE CONTRACTING IMPLEMENTATION OF WILDFIRE SUPPRESSION AIRCRAFT TRANSFER ACT OF 1996 § 171.8 Expiration. This part expires on 30 September 2005....

  5. 32 CFR 171.8 - Expiration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Expiration. 171.8 Section 171.8 National Defense Department of Defense OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE DEFENSE CONTRACTING IMPLEMENTATION OF WILDFIRE SUPPRESSION AIRCRAFT TRANSFER ACT OF 1996 § 171.8 Expiration. This part expires on 30 September 2005....

  6. 32 CFR 171.8 - Expiration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Expiration. 171.8 Section 171.8 National Defense Department of Defense OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE DEFENSE CONTRACTING IMPLEMENTATION OF WILDFIRE SUPPRESSION AIRCRAFT TRANSFER ACT OF 1996 § 171.8 Expiration. This part expires on 30 September 2005....

  7. 21 CFR 1312.25 - Expiration date.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 9 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Expiration date. 1312.25 Section 1312.25 Food and... SUBSTANCES Exportation of Controlled Substances § 1312.25 Expiration date. An export permit shall not be valid after the date specified therein, which date shall conform to the expiration date specified in...

  8. 40 CFR 57.106 - Expiration date.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 6 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Expiration date. 57.106 Section 57.106 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) PRIMARY NONFERROUS SMELTER ORDERS General § 57.106 Expiration date. Each NSO shall state its expiration date. No...

  9. 40 CFR 57.106 - Expiration date.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 5 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Expiration date. 57.106 Section 57.106 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) PRIMARY NONFERROUS SMELTER ORDERS General § 57.106 Expiration date. Each NSO shall state its expiration date. No...

  10. 40 CFR 57.106 - Expiration date.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 6 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Expiration date. 57.106 Section 57.106 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) PRIMARY NONFERROUS SMELTER ORDERS General § 57.106 Expiration date. Each NSO shall state its expiration date. No...

  11. 40 CFR 57.106 - Expiration date.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 5 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Expiration date. 57.106 Section 57.106 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) PRIMARY NONFERROUS SMELTER ORDERS General § 57.106 Expiration date. Each NSO shall state its expiration date. No NSO issued under this regulation...

  12. 40 CFR 57.106 - Expiration date.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 6 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Expiration date. 57.106 Section 57.106 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) PRIMARY NONFERROUS SMELTER ORDERS General § 57.106 Expiration date. Each NSO shall state its expiration date. No...

  13. 48 CFR 1.706 - Expiration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Expiration. 1.706 Section 1.706 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION GENERAL FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATIONS SYSTEM Determinations and Findings 1.706 Expiration. Expiration dates are required for class D&F's and are optional for individual...

  14. 21 CFR 1312.25 - Expiration date.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 9 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Expiration date. 1312.25 Section 1312.25 Food and... SUBSTANCES Exportation of Controlled Substances § 1312.25 Expiration date. An export permit shall not be valid after the date specified therein, which date shall conform to the expiration date specified in...

  15. 21 CFR 1312.25 - Expiration date.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 9 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Expiration date. 1312.25 Section 1312.25 Food and... SUBSTANCES Exportation of Controlled Substances § 1312.25 Expiration date. An export permit shall not be valid after the date specified therein, which date shall conform to the expiration date specified in...

  16. 21 CFR 1312.25 - Expiration date.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 9 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Expiration date. 1312.25 Section 1312.25 Food and... SUBSTANCES Exportation of Controlled Substances § 1312.25 Expiration date. An export permit shall not be valid after the date specified therein, which date shall conform to the expiration date specified in...

  17. 21 CFR 1312.25 - Expiration date.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 9 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Expiration date. 1312.25 Section 1312.25 Food and... SUBSTANCES Exportation of Controlled Substances § 1312.25 Expiration date. An export permit shall not be valid after the date specified therein, which date shall conform to the expiration date specified in...

  18. Corrosion inhibitors from expired drugs.

    PubMed

    Vaszilcsin, Nicolae; Ordodi, Valentin; Borza, Alexandra

    2012-07-15

    This paper presents a method of expired or unused drugs valorization as corrosion inhibitors for metals in various media. Cyclic voltammograms were drawn on platinum in order to assess the stability of pharmaceutically active substances from drugs at the metal-corrosive environment interface. Tafel slope method was used to determine corrosion rates of steel in the absence and presence of inhibitors. Expired Carbamazepine and Paracetamol tablets were used to obtain corrosion inhibitors. For the former, the corrosion inhibition of carbon steel in 0.1 mol L(-1) sulfuric acid solution was about 90%, whereas for the latter, the corrosion inhibition efficiency of the same material in the 0.25 mol L(-1) acetic acid-0.25 mol L(-1) sodium acetate buffer solution was about 85%.

  19. Astronomical Expiration Date of the Gregorian Calendar

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lichtenberg, Heiner

    Until now celestial mechanicists have not been able to calculate an astronomical expiration date for the Gregorian Calendar. Why? Because one still has difficulties with the long-term prediction of the duration of the average day d, the average synodical month msyn and the average tropical year atrop. But at least the question can be put clearly now. From the calendar equations of the Gregorian Calendar [1] one obtains a domain, in which the values of atrop/d and msyn/d should remain. This domain is called th e leap-parameter trapezoid and will be presented. [1] Lichtenberg, H., and Richter, P.H., Calendars in the Gregorian Spirit, Poster-Abstract, this vol., p. 95

  20. 12 Math Rules That Expire in the Middle Grades

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Karp, Karen S.; Bush, Sarah B.; Dougherty, Barbara J.

    2015-01-01

    Many rules taught in mathematics classrooms "expire" when students develop knowledge that is more sophisticated, such as using new number systems. For example, in elementary grades, students are sometimes taught that "addition makes bigger" or "subtraction makes smaller" when learning to compute with whole numbers,…

  1. 43 CFR 3276.13 - What additional information must I give BLM in the monthly report for flash and dry steam...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... BLM in the monthly report for flash and dry steam facilities? 3276.13 Section 3276.13 Public Lands... What additional information must I give BLM in the monthly report for flash and dry steam facilities? In addition to the regular monthly report information required by § 3276.12, send to BLM: (a)...

  2. 43 CFR 3276.13 - What additional information must I give BLM in the monthly report for flash and dry steam...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... BLM in the monthly report for flash and dry steam facilities? 3276.13 Section 3276.13 Public Lands... What additional information must I give BLM in the monthly report for flash and dry steam facilities? In addition to the regular monthly report information required by § 3276.12, send to BLM: (a)...

  3. 43 CFR 3276.13 - What additional information must I give BLM in the monthly report for flash and dry steam...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... BLM in the monthly report for flash and dry steam facilities? 3276.13 Section 3276.13 Public Lands... What additional information must I give BLM in the monthly report for flash and dry steam facilities? In addition to the regular monthly report information required by § 3276.12, send to BLM: (a)...

  4. 43 CFR 3276.13 - What additional information must I give BLM in the monthly report for flash and dry steam...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... BLM in the monthly report for flash and dry steam facilities? 3276.13 Section 3276.13 Public Lands... What additional information must I give BLM in the monthly report for flash and dry steam facilities? In addition to the regular monthly report information required by § 3276.12, send to BLM: (a)...

  5. 10 CFR 55.55 - Expiration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... needs to maintain a license. (b) If a licensee files an application for renewal or an upgrade of an... not expire until disposition of the application for renewal or for an upgraded license has been... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Expiration. 55.55 Section 55.55 Energy NUCLEAR...

  6. 10 CFR 55.55 - Expiration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... needs to maintain a license. (b) If a licensee files an application for renewal or an upgrade of an... not expire until disposition of the application for renewal or for an upgraded license has been... 10 Energy 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Expiration. 55.55 Section 55.55 Energy NUCLEAR...

  7. 10 CFR 55.55 - Expiration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... needs to maintain a license. (b) If a licensee files an application for renewal or an upgrade of an... not expire until disposition of the application for renewal or for an upgraded license has been... 10 Energy 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Expiration. 55.55 Section 55.55 Energy NUCLEAR...

  8. 10 CFR 55.55 - Expiration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... needs to maintain a license. (b) If a licensee files an application for renewal or an upgrade of an... not expire until disposition of the application for renewal or for an upgraded license has been... 10 Energy 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Expiration. 55.55 Section 55.55 Energy NUCLEAR...

  9. 28 CFR 57.4 - Expiration date.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Expiration date. 57.4 Section 57.4 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) INVESTIGATION OF DISCRIMINATION IN THE SUPPLY OF PETROLEUM TO THE ARMED FORCES § 57.4 Expiration date. This part shall remain in effect until...

  10. 28 CFR 57.4 - Expiration date.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Expiration date. 57.4 Section 57.4 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) INVESTIGATION OF DISCRIMINATION IN THE SUPPLY OF PETROLEUM TO THE ARMED FORCES § 57.4 Expiration date. This part shall remain in effect until...

  11. 28 CFR 57.4 - Expiration date.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Expiration date. 57.4 Section 57.4 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) INVESTIGATION OF DISCRIMINATION IN THE SUPPLY OF PETROLEUM TO THE ARMED FORCES § 57.4 Expiration date. This part shall remain in effect until...

  12. 28 CFR 57.4 - Expiration date.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Expiration date. 57.4 Section 57.4 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) INVESTIGATION OF DISCRIMINATION IN THE SUPPLY OF PETROLEUM TO THE ARMED FORCES § 57.4 Expiration date. This part shall remain in effect until...

  13. Additives

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Smalheer, C. V.

    1973-01-01

    The chemistry of lubricant additives is discussed to show what the additives are chemically and what functions they perform in the lubrication of various kinds of equipment. Current theories regarding the mode of action of lubricant additives are presented. The additive groups discussed include the following: (1) detergents and dispersants, (2) corrosion inhibitors, (3) antioxidants, (4) viscosity index improvers, (5) pour point depressants, and (6) antifouling agents.

  14. Spatial interpolation of monthly climate data for Finland: comparing the performance of kriging and generalized additive models

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Aalto, Juha; Pirinen, Pentti; Heikkinen, Juha; Venäläinen, Ari

    2013-04-01

    The Finnish Meteorological Institute has calculated statistics for the new reference period of 1981-2010. During this project, the grid size has been reduced from 10 to 1 km, the evaluation of the interpolation has been improved, and comparisons between different methods has been performed. The climate variables of interest were monthly mean temperature and mean precipitation, for which the spatial variability was explained using auxiliary information: mean elevation, sea percentage, and lake percentage. We compared three methods for spatial prediction: kriging with external drift (KED), generalized additive models (GAM), and GAM combined with residual kriging (GK). Every interpolation file now has attached statistical key figures describing the bias and the normality of the prediction error. According to the cross-validation results, GAM was the best method for predicting mean temperatures, with only very small differences relative to the other methods. For mean precipitation, KED produced the most accurate predictions, followed by GK. In both cases, there was notable seasonal variation in the statistical skill scores. For the new reference period and future interpolations, KED was chosen as the primary method due to its robustness and accuracy.

  15. 49 CFR 1572.23 - TWIC expiration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... relationship with the applicant, or the applicant otherwise ceases working for the employer. Under any of these...) TSA may issue a TWIC for a term less than five years to match the expiration of a visa....

  16. 16 CFR 803.7 - Expiration of notification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Expiration of notification. 803.7 Section... UNDER THE HART-SCOTT-RODINO ANTITRUST IMPROVEMENTS ACT OF 1976 TRANSMITTAL RULES § 803.7 Expiration of... expire 1 year following the expiration of the waiting period. If the acquiring person's holdings do...

  17. 46 CFR 176.310 - Certification Expiration Date Stickers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 7 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Certification Expiration Date Stickers. 176.310 Section... Letters § 176.310 Certification Expiration Date Stickers. (a) A Certification Expiration Date Sticker... operated without a valid Certification Expiration Date Sticker affixed to the vessel on a place that is:...

  18. 46 CFR 115.310 - Certification expiration date stickers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Certification expiration date stickers. 115.310 Section... expiration date stickers. (a) A Certification Expiration Date Sticker indicates the date upon which the... Expiration Date Sticker affixed to the vessel on a place that is: (1) A glass or other smooth surface...

  19. 46 CFR 115.310 - Certification expiration date stickers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Certification expiration date stickers. 115.310 Section... expiration date stickers. (a) A Certification Expiration Date Sticker indicates the date upon which the... Expiration Date Sticker affixed to the vessel on a place that is: (1) A glass or other smooth surface...

  20. 46 CFR 176.310 - Certification Expiration Date Stickers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 7 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Certification Expiration Date Stickers. 176.310 Section... Letters § 176.310 Certification Expiration Date Stickers. (a) A Certification Expiration Date Sticker... operated without a valid Certification Expiration Date Sticker affixed to the vessel on a place that is:...

  1. 24 CFR 3286. 211 - Expiration and renewal of installation licenses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 5 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Expiration and renewal of... Licensing in HUD-Administered States § 3286. 211 Expiration and renewal of installation licenses. (a) Expiration. Each installation license issued or renewed under this subpart C will expire 3 years after...

  2. 16 CFR 803.7 - Expiration of notification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Expiration of notification. 803.7 Section... UNDER THE HART-SCOTT-RODINO ANTITRUST IMPROVEMENTS ACT OF 1976 TRANSMITTAL RULES § 803.7 Expiration of... expire 1 year following the expiration of the waiting period. If the acquiring person's holdings do...

  3. 21 CFR 201.17 - Drugs; location of expiration date.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 4 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Drugs; location of expiration date. 201.17 Section...) DRUGS: GENERAL LABELING General Labeling Provisions § 201.17 Drugs; location of expiration date. When an expiration date of a drug is required, e.g., expiration dating of drug products required by § 211.137 of...

  4. 46 CFR 115.310 - Certification expiration date stickers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Certification expiration date stickers. 115.310 Section... expiration date stickers. (a) A Certification Expiration Date Sticker indicates the date upon which the... Expiration Date Sticker affixed to the vessel on a place that is: (1) A glass or other smooth surface...

  5. 21 CFR 201.17 - Drugs; location of expiration date.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 4 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Drugs; location of expiration date. 201.17 Section...) DRUGS: GENERAL LABELING General Labeling Provisions § 201.17 Drugs; location of expiration date. When an expiration date of a drug is required, e.g., expiration dating of drug products required by § 211.137 of...

  6. 16 CFR 803.7 - Expiration of notification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Expiration of notification. 803.7 Section... UNDER THE HART-SCOTT-RODINO ANTITRUST IMPROVEMENTS ACT OF 1976 TRANSMITTAL RULES § 803.7 Expiration of... expire 1 year following the expiration of the waiting period. If the acquiring person's holdings do...

  7. 21 CFR 201.17 - Drugs; location of expiration date.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 4 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Drugs; location of expiration date. 201.17 Section...) DRUGS: GENERAL LABELING General Labeling Provisions § 201.17 Drugs; location of expiration date. When an expiration date of a drug is required, e.g., expiration dating of drug products required by § 211.137 of...

  8. 24 CFR 3286. 211 - Expiration and renewal of installation licenses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 5 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Expiration and renewal of... Licensing in HUD-Administered States § 3286. 211 Expiration and renewal of installation licenses. (a) Expiration. Each installation license issued or renewed under this subpart C will expire 3 years after...

  9. 24 CFR 3286. 211 - Expiration and renewal of installation licenses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 5 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Expiration and renewal of... Licensing in HUD-Administered States § 3286. 211 Expiration and renewal of installation licenses. (a) Expiration. Each installation license issued or renewed under this subpart C will expire 3 years after...

  10. 46 CFR 176.310 - Certification Expiration Date Stickers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 7 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Certification Expiration Date Stickers. 176.310 Section... Letters § 176.310 Certification Expiration Date Stickers. (a) A Certification Expiration Date Sticker... operated without a valid Certification Expiration Date Sticker affixed to the vessel on a place that is:...

  11. 21 CFR 201.17 - Drugs; location of expiration date.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 4 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Drugs; location of expiration date. 201.17 Section...) DRUGS: GENERAL LABELING General Labeling Provisions § 201.17 Drugs; location of expiration date. When an expiration date of a drug is required, e.g., expiration dating of drug products required by § 211.137 of...

  12. 46 CFR 115.310 - Certification expiration date stickers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Certification expiration date stickers. 115.310 Section... expiration date stickers. (a) A Certification Expiration Date Sticker indicates the date upon which the... Expiration Date Sticker affixed to the vessel on a place that is: (1) A glass or other smooth surface...

  13. 46 CFR 176.310 - Certification Expiration Date Stickers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Certification Expiration Date Stickers. 176.310 Section... Letters § 176.310 Certification Expiration Date Stickers. (a) A Certification Expiration Date Sticker... operated without a valid Certification Expiration Date Sticker affixed to the vessel on a place that is:...

  14. 46 CFR 176.310 - Certification Expiration Date Stickers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 7 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Certification Expiration Date Stickers. 176.310 Section... Letters § 176.310 Certification Expiration Date Stickers. (a) A Certification Expiration Date Sticker... operated without a valid Certification Expiration Date Sticker affixed to the vessel on a place that is:...

  15. 46 CFR 115.310 - Certification expiration date stickers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Certification expiration date stickers. 115.310 Section... expiration date stickers. (a) A Certification Expiration Date Sticker indicates the date upon which the... Expiration Date Sticker affixed to the vessel on a place that is: (1) A glass or other smooth surface...

  16. 24 CFR 3286. 211 - Expiration and renewal of installation licenses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 5 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Expiration and renewal of... Licensing in HUD-Administered States § 3286. 211 Expiration and renewal of installation licenses. (a) Expiration. Each installation license issued or renewed under this subpart C will expire 3 years after...

  17. 7 CFR 2500.053 - Expiring appropriations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Expiring appropriations. 2500.053 Section 2500.053 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) OFFICE OF ADVOCACY AND OUTREACH, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE OAO FEDERAL FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS-GENERAL AWARD ADMINISTRATIVE...

  18. 7 CFR 2500.053 - Expiring appropriations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Expiring appropriations. 2500.053 Section 2500.053 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) OFFICE OF ADVOCACY AND OUTREACH, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE OAO FEDERAL FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS-GENERAL AWARD ADMINISTRATIVE...

  19. 7 CFR 2500.053 - Expiring appropriations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Expiring appropriations. 2500.053 Section 2500.053 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) OFFICE OF ADVOCACY AND OUTREACH, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE OAO FEDERAL FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS-GENERAL AWARD ADMINISTRATIVE...

  20. 43 CFR 3142.3 - Expiration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 2 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Expiration. 3142.3 Section 3142.3 Public Lands: Interior Regulations Relating to Public Lands (Continued) BUREAU OF LAND MANAGEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR MINERALS MANAGEMENT (3000) LEASING IN SPECIAL TAR SAND AREAS Paying...

  1. 43 CFR 3142.3 - Expiration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 2 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Expiration. 3142.3 Section 3142.3 Public Lands: Interior Regulations Relating to Public Lands (Continued) BUREAU OF LAND MANAGEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR MINERALS MANAGEMENT (3000) LEASING IN SPECIAL TAR SAND AREAS Paying...

  2. 43 CFR 3142.3 - Expiration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 2 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Expiration. 3142.3 Section 3142.3 Public Lands: Interior Regulations Relating to Public Lands (Continued) BUREAU OF LAND MANAGEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR MINERALS MANAGEMENT (3000) LEASING IN SPECIAL TAR SAND AREAS Paying...

  3. 43 CFR 3142.3 - Expiration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 2 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Expiration. 3142.3 Section 3142.3 Public Lands: Interior Regulations Relating to Public Lands (Continued) BUREAU OF LAND MANAGEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR MINERALS MANAGEMENT (3000) LEASING IN SPECIAL TAR SAND AREAS Paying...

  4. 21 CFR 211.137 - Expiration dating.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... conditions stated on the labeling, as determined by stability studies described in § 211.166. (c) If the drug... 21 Food and Drugs 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Expiration dating. 211.137 Section 211.137 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED)...

  5. 21 CFR 211.137 - Expiration dating.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... conditions stated on the labeling, as determined by stability studies described in § 211.166. (c) If the drug... 21 Food and Drugs 4 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Expiration dating. 211.137 Section 211.137 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED)...

  6. 7 CFR 3430.63 - Expiring appropriations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Expiring appropriations. 3430.63 Section 3430.63 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) COOPERATIVE STATE RESEARCH, EDUCATION... other electronic payment system by the awardee or disbursed through any other system or method by...

  7. 28 CFR 57.4 - Expiration date.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Expiration date. 57.4 Section 57.4 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) INVESTIGATION OF DISCRIMINATION IN THE SUPPLY OF..., pursuant to section 816(h) of the Act, of the Attorney General's authority under section 816 of the Act....

  8. 21 CFR 211.137 - Expiration dating.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 4 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Expiration dating. 211.137 Section 211.137 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) DRUGS: GENERAL CURRENT GOOD MANUFACTURING PRACTICE FOR FINISHED PHARMACEUTICALS Packaging and Labeling...

  9. 21 CFR 211.137 - Expiration dating.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 4 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Expiration dating. 211.137 Section 211.137 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) DRUGS: GENERAL CURRENT GOOD MANUFACTURING PRACTICE FOR FINISHED PHARMACEUTICALS Packaging and Labeling...

  10. 21 CFR 211.137 - Expiration dating.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 4 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Expiration dating. 211.137 Section 211.137 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) DRUGS: GENERAL CURRENT GOOD MANUFACTURING PRACTICE FOR FINISHED PHARMACEUTICALS Packaging and Labeling...

  11. 43 CFR 3514.25 - When does my lease expire?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... § 3514.25 When does my lease expire? (a) Sodium, sulphur, asphalt, and hardrock mineral leases expire at... later. (b) Potassium, phosphate and gilsonite leases continue for so long as you comply with the...

  12. 43 CFR 3514.25 - When does my lease expire?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... § 3514.25 When does my lease expire? (a) Sodium, sulphur, asphalt, and hardrock mineral leases expire at... later. (b) Potassium, phosphate and gilsonite leases continue for so long as you comply with the...

  13. 43 CFR 3514.25 - When does my lease expire?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... § 3514.25 When does my lease expire? (a) Sodium, sulphur, asphalt, and hardrock mineral leases expire at... later. (b) Potassium, phosphate and gilsonite leases continue for so long as you comply with the...

  14. 32 CFR 1624.7 - Expiration of deferment or exemption.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... INDUCTIONS § 1624.7 Expiration of deferment or exemption. The Director shall issue an Order to Report for Induction to a registrant who is liable for induction whenever his deferment or exemption expires....

  15. 16 CFR 803.7 - Expiration of notification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... UNDER THE HART-SCOTT-RODINO ANTITRUST IMPROVEMENTS ACT OF 1976 TRANSMITTAL RULES § 803.7 Expiration of... expire 1 year following the expiration of the waiting period. If the acquiring person's holdings do not... waiting period, “A” has acquired less than $100 million (as adjusted) of B's voting securities....

  16. 16 CFR 803.7 - Expiration of notification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... UNDER THE HART-SCOTT-RODINO ANTITRUST IMPROVEMENTS ACT OF 1976 TRANSMITTAL RULES § 803.7 Expiration of... expire 1 year following the expiration of the waiting period. If the acquiring person's holdings do not... waiting period, “A” has acquired less than $100 million (as adjusted) of B's voting securities....

  17. 24 CFR 891.590 - Notice upon HAP contract expiration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... expiration date of the HAP contract, the family will be required to bear the entire cost of the rent and that... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Notice upon HAP contract expiration... Handicapped-Section 8 Assistance § 891.590 Notice upon HAP contract expiration. (a) Notice required. The...

  18. 9 CFR 114.13 - Expiration date determination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... determined by methods acceptable to Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service. Expiration dates based on... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Expiration date determination. 114.13... BIOLOGICAL PRODUCTS § 114.13 Expiration date determination. Unless otherwise provided for in a...

  19. 24 CFR 884.108a - Notice upon contract expiration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... advise each affected family that, after the expiration date of the Contract, the family will be required... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Notice upon contract expiration... Notice upon contract expiration. (a) The Contract will provide that the owner will notify each...

  20. 9 CFR 114.12 - Expiration date required.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Expiration date required. 114.12... BIOLOGICAL PRODUCTS § 114.12 Expiration date required. Each serial or subserial of biological product prepared in a licensed establishment shall be given an expiration date determined in accordance with...

  1. 24 CFR 880.508 - Notice upon contract expiration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Notice upon contract expiration... Housing Assistance Payments Contract § 880.508 Notice upon contract expiration. (a) The Contract will... result of its expiration. If the Contract is to be renewed but with a reduction in the number of...

  2. 24 CFR 880.508 - Notice upon contract expiration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Notice upon contract expiration... Housing Assistance Payments Contract § 880.508 Notice upon contract expiration. (a) The Contract will... result of its expiration. If the Contract is to be renewed but with a reduction in the number of...

  3. 41 CFR 101-28.306-4 - Expiration or cancellation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... accounts established for authorized contractors or Members of Congress will contain an expiration date... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 2 2014-07-01 2012-07-01 true Expiration or... DISTRIBUTION 28.3-Customer Supply Centers § 101-28.306-4 Expiration or cancellation. (a) CSC...

  4. 5 CFR 351.804 - Expiration of notice.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Expiration of notice. 351.804 Section 351... FORCE Notice to Employee § 351.804 Expiration of notice. (a) A notice expires when followed by the... effective date in the notice; instead, the agency may cancel the reduction in force notice and issue a...

  5. 9 CFR 114.12 - Expiration date required.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Expiration date required. 114.12... BIOLOGICAL PRODUCTS § 114.12 Expiration date required. Each serial or subserial of biological product prepared in a licensed establishment shall be given an expiration date determined in accordance with...

  6. 16 CFR 315.6 - Expiration of contact lens prescriptions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... Commission, its employees, and its representatives. (3) No prescriber shall include an expiration date on a... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Expiration of contact lens prescriptions... CONGRESS CONTACT LENS RULE § 315.6 Expiration of contact lens prescriptions. (a) In general. A contact...

  7. 24 CFR 884.108a - Notice upon contract expiration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... advise each affected family that, after the expiration date of the Contract, the family will be required... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Notice upon contract expiration... Notice upon contract expiration. (a) The Contract will provide that the owner will notify each...

  8. 24 CFR 886.311a - Notice upon contract expiration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... advise each affected family that, after the expiration date of the Contract, the family will be required... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Notice upon contract expiration... contract expiration. (a) The Contract will provide that the owner will notify each assisted family,...

  9. 24 CFR 886.311a - Notice upon contract expiration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... advise each affected family that, after the expiration date of the Contract, the family will be required... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Notice upon contract expiration... contract expiration. (a) The Contract will provide that the owner will notify each assisted family,...

  10. 24 CFR 891.590 - Notice upon HAP contract expiration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... expiration date of the HAP contract, the family will be required to bear the entire cost of the rent and that... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Notice upon HAP contract expiration... Handicapped-Section 8 Assistance § 891.590 Notice upon HAP contract expiration. (a) Notice required. The...

  11. 24 CFR 880.508 - Notice upon contract expiration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Notice upon contract expiration... Housing Assistance Payments Contract § 880.508 Notice upon contract expiration. (a) The Contract will... result of its expiration. If the Contract is to be renewed but with a reduction in the number of...

  12. 24 CFR 886.111a - Notice upon contract expiration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... advise each affected family that, after the expiration date of the Contract, the family will be required... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Notice upon contract expiration... contract expiration. (a) The Contract will provide that the owner will notify each assisted family,...

  13. 41 CFR 101-28.306-4 - Expiration or cancellation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... accounts established for authorized contractors or Members of Congress will contain an expiration date... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Expiration or... DISTRIBUTION 28.3-Customer Supply Centers § 101-28.306-4 Expiration or cancellation. (a) CSC...

  14. 24 CFR 886.111a - Notice upon contract expiration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... advise each affected family that, after the expiration date of the Contract, the family will be required... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Notice upon contract expiration... contract expiration. (a) The Contract will provide that the owner will notify each assisted family,...

  15. 5 CFR 351.804 - Expiration of notice.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Expiration of notice. 351.804 Section 351... FORCE Notice to Employee § 351.804 Expiration of notice. (a) A notice expires when followed by the... effective date in the notice; instead, the agency may cancel the reduction in force notice and issue a...

  16. 5 CFR 351.804 - Expiration of notice.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Expiration of notice. 351.804 Section 351... FORCE Notice to Employee § 351.804 Expiration of notice. (a) A notice expires when followed by the... effective date in the notice; instead, the agency may cancel the reduction in force notice and issue a...

  17. 16 CFR 315.6 - Expiration of contact lens prescriptions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... Commission, its employees, and its representatives. (3) No prescriber shall include an expiration date on a... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Expiration of contact lens prescriptions... CONGRESS CONTACT LENS RULE § 315.6 Expiration of contact lens prescriptions. (a) In general. A contact...

  18. 9 CFR 114.13 - Expiration date determination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... determined by methods acceptable to Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service. Expiration dates based on... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Expiration date determination. 114.13... BIOLOGICAL PRODUCTS § 114.13 Expiration date determination. Unless otherwise provided for in a...

  19. 9 CFR 114.13 - Expiration date determination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... determined by methods acceptable to Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service. Expiration dates based on... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Expiration date determination. 114.13... BIOLOGICAL PRODUCTS § 114.13 Expiration date determination. Unless otherwise provided for in a...

  20. 24 CFR 886.111a - Notice upon contract expiration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... advise each affected family that, after the expiration date of the Contract, the family will be required... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Notice upon contract expiration... contract expiration. (a) The Contract will provide that the owner will notify each assisted family,...

  1. 16 CFR 315.6 - Expiration of contact lens prescriptions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... Commission, its employees, and its representatives. (3) No prescriber shall include an expiration date on a... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Expiration of contact lens prescriptions... CONGRESS CONTACT LENS RULE § 315.6 Expiration of contact lens prescriptions. (a) In general. A contact...

  2. 41 CFR 101-28.306-4 - Expiration or cancellation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... accounts established for authorized contractors or Members of Congress will contain an expiration date... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 2 2011-07-01 2007-07-01 true Expiration or... DISTRIBUTION 28.3-Customer Supply Centers § 101-28.306-4 Expiration or cancellation. (a) CSC...

  3. 24 CFR 884.108a - Notice upon contract expiration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... advise each affected family that, after the expiration date of the Contract, the family will be required... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Notice upon contract expiration... Notice upon contract expiration. (a) The Contract will provide that the owner will notify each...

  4. 9 CFR 114.12 - Expiration date required.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Expiration date required. 114.12... BIOLOGICAL PRODUCTS § 114.12 Expiration date required. Each serial or subserial of biological product prepared in a licensed establishment shall be given an expiration date determined in accordance with...

  5. 5 CFR 351.804 - Expiration of notice.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Expiration of notice. 351.804 Section 351... FORCE Notice to Employee § 351.804 Expiration of notice. (a) A notice expires when followed by the... effective date in the notice; instead, the agency may cancel the reduction in force notice and issue a...

  6. 41 CFR 101-28.306-4 - Expiration or cancellation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... accounts established for authorized contractors or Members of Congress will contain an expiration date... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Expiration or... DISTRIBUTION 28.3-Customer Supply Centers § 101-28.306-4 Expiration or cancellation. (a) CSC...

  7. 41 CFR 101-28.306-4 - Expiration or cancellation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... accounts established for authorized contractors or Members of Congress will contain an expiration date... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 2 2013-07-01 2012-07-01 true Expiration or... DISTRIBUTION 28.3-Customer Supply Centers § 101-28.306-4 Expiration or cancellation. (a) CSC...

  8. 24 CFR 886.311a - Notice upon contract expiration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... advise each affected family that, after the expiration date of the Contract, the family will be required... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Notice upon contract expiration... contract expiration. (a) The Contract will provide that the owner will notify each assisted family,...

  9. 5 CFR 351.804 - Expiration of notice.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Expiration of notice. 351.804 Section 351... FORCE Notice to Employee § 351.804 Expiration of notice. (a) A notice expires when followed by the... effective date in the notice; instead, the agency may cancel the reduction in force notice and issue a...

  10. Thermal Stability and Underwater Energy of Water Gel Explosive Using Expired Single-Base Propellants as Ingredients

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Peng; Wei, Xiao-An; He, Weidong

    2014-05-01

    A water gel explosive using expired single-base propellant grains as the ingredient was prepared by a simple process coupled with a new gelling system. The thermal stability and output energy of the explosive were studied using an accelerating rate calorimeter (ARC) and underwater blast test, respectively. The effects of oxygen balance, shape and size of the propellant, and storage time on the output energy of the explosive were investigated. It is shown that the initial decomposition temperature of the explosive was 418.24 K under adiabatic conditions. The underwater output energy increased with the increase in the oxygen balance of the explosive. The mass fraction and specific surface area of the propellant had effects on the output energy of the explosive. In addition, this water gel explosive was proven to have a stable storage performance after it had been stored for 6 months.

  11. Rib Torque Does Not Assist Resting Tidal Expiration or Most Conversational Speech Expiration

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hixon, Thomas J.

    2006-01-01

    Purpose: This research note discusses a common misconception in speech science and speech-language pathology textbooks that rib torque (i.e., "rotational stress") assists resting tidal expiration and conversational speech production. Method: The nature of this misconception is considered. Conclusion: An alternate conceptualization is offered that…

  12. 9 CFR 114.12 - Expiration date required.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... AGRICULTURE VIRUSES, SERUMS, TOXINS, AND ANALOGOUS PRODUCTS; ORGANISMS AND VECTORS PRODUCTION REQUIREMENTS FOR BIOLOGICAL PRODUCTS § 114.12 Expiration date required. Each serial or subserial of biological...

  13. 40 CFR 262.108 - When will this subpart expire?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... (CONTINUED) STANDARDS APPLICABLE TO GENERATORS OF HAZARDOUS WASTE University Laboratories XL Project-Laboratory Environmental Management Standard § 262.108 When will this subpart expire? This subpart...

  14. 9 CFR 114.13 - Expiration date determination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... AGRICULTURE VIRUSES, SERUMS, TOXINS, AND ANALOGOUS PRODUCTS; ORGANISMS AND VECTORS PRODUCTION REQUIREMENTS FOR... Requirement of filed Outline of Production, the expiration date for each product shall be computed from the... serial shall be tested for potency at release and at the approximate expiration date until...

  15. 24 CFR 891.735 - Notice upon PAC expiration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Notice upon PAC expiration. 891.735... and Individuals-Section 162 Assistance § 891.735 Notice upon PAC expiration. The PAC will provide that the Borrower will, at least 90 days before the end of the PAC contract term, notify each...

  16. 24 CFR 891.735 - Notice upon PAC expiration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Notice upon PAC expiration. 891.735... and Individuals-Section 162 Assistance § 891.735 Notice upon PAC expiration. The PAC will provide that the Borrower will, at least 90 days before the end of the PAC contract term, notify each...

  17. 21 CFR 801.127 - Medical devices; expiration of exemptions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Medical devices; expiration of exemptions. 801.127... (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES LABELING Exemptions From Adequate Directions for Use § 801.127 Medical devices; expiration of exemptions. (a) If a shipment or delivery, or any part thereof, of a device which is...

  18. 21 CFR 801.127 - Medical devices; expiration of exemptions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Medical devices; expiration of exemptions. 801.127... (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES LABELING Exemptions From Adequate Directions for Use § 801.127 Medical devices; expiration of exemptions. (a) If a shipment or delivery, or any part thereof, of a device which is...

  19. 21 CFR 801.127 - Medical devices; expiration of exemptions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Medical devices; expiration of exemptions. 801.127... (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES LABELING Exemptions From Adequate Directions for Use § 801.127 Medical devices; expiration of exemptions. (a) If a shipment or delivery, or any part thereof, of a device which is...

  20. 40 CFR 262.108 - When will this subpart expire?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...-Laboratory Environmental Management Standard § 262.108 When will this subpart expire? This subpart will... 40 Protection of Environment 27 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false When will this subpart expire? 262.108 Section 262.108 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SOLID...

  1. 40 CFR 262.108 - When will this subpart expire?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...-Laboratory Environmental Management Standard § 262.108 When will this subpart expire? This subpart will... 40 Protection of Environment 26 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false When will this subpart expire? 262.108 Section 262.108 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SOLID...

  2. 40 CFR 262.108 - When will this subpart expire?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...-Laboratory Environmental Management Standard § 262.108 When will this subpart expire? This subpart will... 40 Protection of Environment 27 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false When will this subpart expire? 262.108 Section 262.108 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SOLID...

  3. 21 CFR 201.17 - Drugs; location of expiration date.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Drugs; location of expiration date. 201.17 Section 201.17 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) DRUGS: GENERAL LABELING General Labeling Provisions § 201.17 Drugs; location of expiration date. When...

  4. 21 CFR 801.127 - Medical devices; expiration of exemptions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Medical devices; expiration of exemptions. 801.127... (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES LABELING Exemptions From Adequate Directions for Use § 801.127 Medical devices; expiration of exemptions. (a) If a shipment or delivery, or any part thereof, of a device which is...

  5. 21 CFR 801.127 - Medical devices; expiration of exemptions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Medical devices; expiration of exemptions. 801.127... (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES LABELING Exemptions From Adequate Directions for Use § 801.127 Medical devices; expiration of exemptions. (a) If a shipment or delivery, or any part thereof, of a device which is...

  6. 16 CFR 315.6 - Expiration of contact lens prescriptions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Expiration of contact lens prescriptions. 315.6 Section 315.6 Commercial Practices FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION REGULATIONS UNDER SPECIFIC ACTS OF CONGRESS CONTACT LENS RULE § 315.6 Expiration of contact lens prescriptions. (a) In general. A contact...

  7. 16 CFR 315.6 - Expiration of contact lens prescriptions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Expiration of contact lens prescriptions. 315.6 Section 315.6 Commercial Practices FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION REGULATIONS UNDER SPECIFIC ACTS OF CONGRESS CONTACT LENS RULE § 315.6 Expiration of contact lens prescriptions. (a) In general. A contact...

  8. 1 CFR 18.16 - Reinstatement of expired regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 1 General Provisions 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Reinstatement of expired regulations. 18.16 Section 18.16 General Provisions ADMINISTRATIVE COMMITTEE OF THE FEDERAL REGISTER PREPARATION, TRANSMITTAL, AND PROCESSING OF DOCUMENTS PREPARATION AND TRANSMITTAL OF DOCUMENTS GENERALLY § 18.16 Reinstatement of expired regulations. Agencies...

  9. 21 CFR 1312.16 - Cancellation of permit; expiration date.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 9 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Cancellation of permit; expiration date. 1312.16...; expiration date. (a) A permit may be canceled after being issued, at the request of the importer, provided no... any time for proper cause. (b) An import permit shall not be valid after the date specified...

  10. 21 CFR 1312.16 - Cancellation of permit; expiration date.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 9 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Cancellation of permit; expiration date. 1312.16...; expiration date. (a) A permit may be canceled after being issued, at the request of the importer, provided no... any time for proper cause. (b) An import permit shall not be valid after the date specified...

  11. 21 CFR 1312.16 - Cancellation of permit; expiration date.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 9 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Cancellation of permit; expiration date. 1312.16...; expiration date. (a) A permit may be canceled after being issued, at the request of the importer, provided no... any time for proper cause. (b) An import permit shall not be valid after the date specified...

  12. 26 CFR 51.12T - Expiration date (temporary).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 17 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Expiration date (temporary). 51.12T Section 51.12T Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) MISCELLANEOUS EXCISE TAXES (CONTINUED) BRANDED PRESCRIPTION DRUG FEE § 51.12T Expiration date (temporary)....

  13. 21 CFR 1312.16 - Cancellation of permit; expiration date.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 9 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Cancellation of permit; expiration date. 1312.16...; expiration date. (a) A permit may be canceled after being issued, at the request of the importer, provided no... any time for proper cause. (b) An import permit shall not be valid after the date specified...

  14. 46 CFR 154.1803 - Expiration of Certificates of Compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 5 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Expiration of Certificates of Compliance. 154.1803 Section 154.1803 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) CERTAIN BULK DANGEROUS CARGOES SAFETY STANDARDS FOR SELF-PROPELLED VESSELS CARRYING BULK LIQUEFIED GASES Operations § 154.1803 Expiration of Certificates of Compliance....

  15. 21 CFR 1312.16 - Cancellation of permit; expiration date.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 9 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Cancellation of permit; expiration date. 1312.16...; expiration date. (a) A permit may be canceled after being issued, at the request of the importer, provided no... any time for proper cause. (b) An import permit shall not be valid after the date specified...

  16. 26 CFR 51.12T - Expiration date (temporary).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 17 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Expiration date (temporary). 51.12T Section 51.12T Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) MISCELLANEOUS EXCISE TAXES (CONTINUED) BRANDED PRESCRIPTION DRUG FEE § 51.12T Expiration date (temporary)....

  17. 26 CFR 51.12T - Expiration date (temporary).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 17 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Expiration date (temporary). 51.12T Section 51.12T Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) MISCELLANEOUS EXCISE TAXES (CONTINUED) BRANDED PRESCRIPTION DRUG FEE § 51.12T Expiration date (temporary)....

  18. Pharmacopoieal quality of non-expired and expired nifedipine formulations from Estonian and Russian Federation medicinal products market.

    PubMed

    Teder, Kersti; Pepeloshev, Andrei; Matto, Vallo; Meos, Andres

    2013-01-01

    The pharmacopoeial quality of non-expired and expired nifedipine tablets of the same batches purchased from the Estonian and Russian Federation medicinal product markets was evaluated. The IR spectroscopy, HPLC analysis for quantitative content and purity of the active pharmaceutical ingredient (API), and dissolution test techniques were applied. In the experiments with non-expired nifedipine tablets, in all Estonian (n = 8, label claims 10, 20, and 40 mg) and Russian Federation (n = 4, label claim 10 mg) registered formulations the API was identified and quantified as nifedipine in amounts set by the European Pharmacopoeia and without exceeding the tolerance limits for the impurities. The dissolution rate was variable but all 10 and 20 mg non-expired nifedipine tablets released at least 80% of API in 12 h. The expiration of the nifedipine tablets led to somewhat increased dissolution rate while only traces of the nifedipine degradation products were discovered in the dissolution medium. In conclusion, our present study shows that with minor variations the Estonian and Russian Federation registered nifedipine tablets are comparable, the API preserves well beyond the expiration date but the expired nifedipine tablets may release the API faster than the non-expired tablets.

  19. A closed-loop model of the respiratory system: focus on hypercapnia and active expiration.

    PubMed

    Molkov, Yaroslav I; Shevtsova, Natalia A; Park, Choongseok; Ben-Tal, Alona; Smith, Jeffrey C; Rubin, Jonathan E; Rybak, Ilya A

    2014-01-01

    Breathing is a vital process providing the exchange of gases between the lungs and atmosphere. During quiet breathing, pumping air from the lungs is mostly performed by contraction of the diaphragm during inspiration, and muscle contraction during expiration does not play a significant role in ventilation. In contrast, during intense exercise or severe hypercapnia forced or active expiration occurs in which the abdominal "expiratory" muscles become actively involved in breathing. The mechanisms of this transition remain unknown. To study these mechanisms, we developed a computational model of the closed-loop respiratory system that describes the brainstem respiratory network controlling the pulmonary subsystem representing lung biomechanics and gas (O2 and CO2) exchange and transport. The lung subsystem provides two types of feedback to the neural subsystem: a mechanical one from pulmonary stretch receptors and a chemical one from central chemoreceptors. The neural component of the model simulates the respiratory network that includes several interacting respiratory neuron types within the Bötzinger and pre-Bötzinger complexes, as well as the retrotrapezoid nucleus/parafacial respiratory group (RTN/pFRG) representing the central chemoreception module targeted by chemical feedback. The RTN/pFRG compartment contains an independent neural generator that is activated at an increased CO2 level and controls the abdominal motor output. The lung volume is controlled by two pumps, a major one driven by the diaphragm and an additional one activated by abdominal muscles and involved in active expiration. The model represents the first attempt to model the transition from quiet breathing to breathing with active expiration. The model suggests that the closed-loop respiratory control system switches to active expiration via a quantal acceleration of expiratory activity, when increases in breathing rate and phrenic amplitude no longer provide sufficient ventilation. The model

  20. 24 CFR 3286.313 - Expiration and renewal of trainer qualification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 5 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Expiration and renewal of trainer...-Administered States § 3286.313 Expiration and renewal of trainer qualification. (a) Expiration. Each notice of qualification issued or renewed under this subpart D will expire 5 years after the date of its issuance...

  1. 24 CFR 3286.313 - Expiration and renewal of trainer qualification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 5 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Expiration and renewal of trainer...-Administered States § 3286.313 Expiration and renewal of trainer qualification. (a) Expiration. Each notice of qualification issued or renewed under this subpart D will expire 5 years after the date of its issuance...

  2. 25 CFR 503.2 - Display of control numbers and expiration dates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 2 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Display of control numbers and expiration dates. 503.2... EXPIRATION DATES § 503.2 Display of control numbers and expiration dates. Part or section number of title 25 CFR Currentlyassigned OMB control numbers Expiration date § 514.1 (submission of fee reports)...

  3. 24 CFR 3286.313 - Expiration and renewal of trainer qualification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 5 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Expiration and renewal of trainer...-Administered States § 3286.313 Expiration and renewal of trainer qualification. (a) Expiration. Each notice of qualification issued or renewed under this subpart D will expire 5 years after the date of its issuance...

  4. 24 CFR 3286.313 - Expiration and renewal of trainer qualification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 5 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Expiration and renewal of trainer...-Administered States § 3286.313 Expiration and renewal of trainer qualification. (a) Expiration. Each notice of qualification issued or renewed under this subpart D will expire 5 years after the date of its issuance...

  5. 25 CFR 503.2 - Display of control numbers and expiration dates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Display of control numbers and expiration dates. 503.2... EXPIRATION DATES § 503.2 Display of control numbers and expiration dates. Part or section number of title 25 CFR Currently assigned OMB control numbers Expiration date § 514.1 (submission of fee reports)...

  6. 25 CFR 503.2 - Display of control numbers and expiration dates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 2 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Display of control numbers and expiration dates. 503.2... EXPIRATION DATES § 503.2 Display of control numbers and expiration dates. Part or section number of title 25 CFR Currentlyassigned OMB control numbers Expiration date § 514.1 (submission of fee reports)...

  7. Cough expired volume and airflow rates during sequential induced cough

    PubMed Central

    Hegland, Karen W.; Troche, Michelle S.; Davenport, Paul W.

    2013-01-01

    Cough effectiveness is determined by a combination of volume of air expired and maximum expiratory airflow rate. Studies of cough sensitivity identify cough thresholds based on at least 2 or 5-cough re-accelerations to a stimulus, however, to date no study has examined the interplay between the distribution of cough expired air and cough airflow rates for these induced sequential coughs. The goal of this study was to investigate the relationship between reflex cough re-accelerations, cough airflow and cough inspired and expired volume. Twenty adults (18–40 years, four men) volunteered for study participation, and were outfitted with a facemask in-line with a pneumotachograph and a one-way valve for capsaicin delivery on inspiration. Cough inspired and expired volume (Liters of air) as well as airflow parameters (peak expiratory flow rates L/s) were measured for each cough response. Results demonstrate significant linear relationships between cough expired volume, flow rates, and the total number of coughs produced. Thus, as the number of coughs in an epoch increase, the mechanical effectiveness of coughs within the epoch may decrease according to peak expiratory flow rates and cough expired volume, particularly for coughs comprised of more than 3 re-accelerations. PMID:23847546

  8. Toxicity Assessment of Expired Pesticides to Green Algae Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata

    PubMed Central

    Satyavani, G.; Chandrasehar, G.; Varma, K. Krishna; Goparaju, A.; Ayyappan, S.; Reddy, P. Neelakanta; Murthy, P. Balakrishna

    2012-01-01

    In order to investigate the effect of expired pesticides on the yield and growth rate of green algae Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata, a study was conducted as per the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) guideline number 201. Fifteen expired pesticide formulations, most commonly used in Indian agriculture, were tested in comparison with their unexpired counterparts. The expired pesticide formulations studied belonged to various class and functional groups: organophosphate, pyrethroid-based insecticides; azole-based fungicides; acetamide, propionate, acetic acid-based herbicides; fungicides mixtures containing two actives—azole and dithiocarbamate. The toxicity endpoints of yield (EyC50: 0–72 h) and growth rate (ErC50: 0–72 h) of Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata for each pesticide formulation (both expired and unexpired pesticides) were determined statistically using TOXSTAT 3.5 version software. The results pointed out that some expired pesticide formulations exhibited higher toxicity to tested algal species, as compared to the corresponding unexpired pesticides. These data thus stress the need for greater care to dispose expired pesticides to water bodies, to avoid the effects on aquatic ecospecies tested. PMID:23762633

  9. Ventilatory and metabolic response to rebreathing the expired air in the snorkel.

    PubMed

    Toklu, A S; Kayserilioğlu, A; Unal, M; Ozer, S; Aktaş, S

    2003-04-01

    The snorkel, which allows swimmers to keep their face down in the water while breathing, is widely used by divers, spear fishermen and monofin swimmers. A snorkel adds an additional dead space of 160-170 ml and causes an increase in the concentration of CO2 in the inspired gas due to expired air trapped in the snorkel which is then re-inspired. In this study the metabolic and the ventilatory response to rebreathing the expired air in the snorkel were investigated in twelve human subjects. A 2900 C Sensor Medics gas analyzer was used in breath-by-breath mode for the measurements. Ventilation (VE), respiratory rate (RR), tidal volume (TV), oxygen consumption (.VO 2) and carbon dioxide production (.VCO 2) were measured at rest and during light exercise both with and without the snorkel dead space. We observed a significant increase in all variables except RR, when subjects rebreathed the gas in the snorkel. The increase in ventilation resulted from an increase in tidal volume rather than increasing respiratory rate. We conclude that the work of breathing is increased when CO2 concentration is high in inspired gas and re-breathing while snorkelling can be prevented by a new snorkel design with a low-resistance two-way non-rebreathing valve, which will allow the expired air flow into the water.

  10. Reversal of functional disorders by aspiration, expiration, and cough reflexes and their voluntary counterparts.

    PubMed

    Tomori, Zoltan; Donic, Viliam; Benacka, Roman; Gresova, Sona; Peregrim, Igor; Kundrik, Martin; Pallayova, Maria; Jakus, Jan

    2012-01-01

    Agonal gasping provoked by asphyxia can save ~15% of mammals even from untreated ventricular fibrillation (VF), but it fails to revive infants with sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). Our systematic study of airway reflexes in cats and other animals indicated that in addition to cough, there are two distinct airway reflexes that may contribute to auto-resuscitation. Gasp- and sniff-like spasmodic inspirations (SIs) can be elicited by nasopharyngeal stimulation, strongly activating the brainstem generator for inspiration, which is also involved in the control of gasping. This "aspiration reflex" (AspR) is characterized by SI without subsequent active expiration and can be elicited during agonal gasping, caused by brainstem trans-sections in cats. Stimulation of the larynx can activate the generator for expiration to evoke the expiration reflex (ExpR), manifesting with prompt expiration without preceding inspiration. Stimulation of the oropharynx and lower airways provokes the cough reflex (CR) which results from activating of both generators. The powerful potential of the AspR resembling auto-resuscitation by gasping can influence the control mechanisms of vital functions, mediating reversal of various functional disorders. The AspR in cats interrupted hypoxic apnea, laryngo- and bronchospasm, apneusis and even transient asphyxic coma, and can normalize various hypo- and hyper-functional disorders. Introduction of a nasogastric catheter evoked similar SIs in premature infants and interrupted hiccough attacks in adults. Coughing on demand can prevent anaphylactic shock and resuscitate the pertinent subject. Sniff representing nasal inspiratory pressure and maximal inspiratory and expiratory pressures (MIP and MEP) are voluntary counterparts of airway reflexes, and are useful for diagnosis and therapy of various cardio-respiratory and neuromuscular disorders. PMID:23248602

  11. 5 CFR 352.206 - Expiration of reemployment rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Expiration of reemployment rights. 352.206 Section 352.206 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS REEMPLOYMENT RIGHTS Reemployment Rights Based on Movement Between Executive Agencies During Emergencies §...

  12. 5 CFR 352.206 - Expiration of reemployment rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Expiration of reemployment rights. 352.206 Section 352.206 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS REEMPLOYMENT RIGHTS Reemployment Rights Based on Movement Between Executive Agencies During Emergencies §...

  13. 5 CFR 352.206 - Expiration of reemployment rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Expiration of reemployment rights. 352.206 Section 352.206 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS REEMPLOYMENT RIGHTS Reemployment Rights Based on Movement Between Executive Agencies During Emergencies §...

  14. 5 CFR 352.206 - Expiration of reemployment rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Expiration of reemployment rights. 352.206 Section 352.206 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS REEMPLOYMENT RIGHTS Reemployment Rights Based on Movement Between Executive Agencies During Emergencies §...

  15. 5 CFR 352.206 - Expiration of reemployment rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Expiration of reemployment rights. 352.206 Section 352.206 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS REEMPLOYMENT RIGHTS Reemployment Rights Based on Movement Between Executive Agencies During Emergencies §...

  16. 14 CFR 47.40 - Registration expiration and renewal.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 2013 November 1, 2012 and January 31, 2013. December of any year June 30, 2013 February 1, 2013 and April 30, 2013. January of any year September 30, 2013 May 1, 2013 and July 31, 2013. February of any... 14 Aeronautics and Space 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Registration expiration and renewal....

  17. The expiration reflex from the trachea and bronchi.

    PubMed

    Tatar, M; Hanacek, J; Widdicombe, J

    2008-02-01

    The expiration reflex (ER) is a forced expiratory effort against a closed glottis that subsequently opens to eject laryngeal debris and prevent aspiration of material. It is distinct from the cough reflex. Its source is usually assumed to be restricted to the larynx and vocal folds, and its possible origin from the tracheobronchial (TB) tree has been suggested but never studied. The current authors re-analysed previous records with mechanical or chemical stimulation of the TB tree to see if an ER can consistently be elicited, and to see whether it has properties similar to that from the larynx and vocal folds. A random review was made of some of the extensive literature on TB "cough" to see if it confirmed the authors' conclusions. The TBER was consistently seen in cats and rabbits, either alone or followed by cough. These results are consistent with many studies in other species, including humans. It was enhanced, relative to cough, by inflation of the lungs and by general anaesthesia. Tracheobronchial expiration reflex occurs frequently with mechanical stimulation of the tracheobronchial tree. It differs fundamentally from many of the properties of "true" cough. Its features similar to the laryngeal expiration reflex suggest that both should be labelled "expiration reflexes" and not cough. Its existence should be taken into account in experimental, and possibly clinical, studies on tracheobronchial cough. PMID:17959638

  18. 40 CFR 262.108 - When will this subpart expire?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Section 262.108 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SOLID WASTES (CONTINUED) STANDARDS APPLICABLE TO GENERATORS OF HAZARDOUS WASTE University Laboratories XL Project-Laboratory Environmental Management Standard § 262.108 When will this subpart expire? This subpart...

  19. 9 CFR 114.12 - Expiration date required.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Expiration date required. 114.12 Section 114.12 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE VIRUSES, SERUMS, TOXINS, AND ANALOGOUS PRODUCTS; ORGANISMS AND VECTORS PRODUCTION REQUIREMENTS...

  20. 9 CFR 114.13 - Expiration date determination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... Section 114.13 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE VIRUSES, SERUMS, TOXINS, AND ANALOGOUS PRODUCTS; ORGANISMS AND VECTORS PRODUCTION REQUIREMENTS FOR... Requirement of filed Outline of Production, the expiration date for each product shall be computed from...

  1. 21 CFR 201.127 - Drugs; expiration of exemptions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 4 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Drugs; expiration of exemptions. 201.127 Section 201.127 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) DRUGS: GENERAL LABELING Exemptions From Adequate Directions for Use § 201.127 Drugs;...

  2. Using oral microbial DNA analysis to identify expirated bloodspatter.

    PubMed

    Donaldson, Andrea E; Taylor, Michael C; Cordiner, Stephen J; Lamont, Iain L

    2010-11-01

    Distinguishing expirated bloodstains (blood forced by airflow out of the nose, mouth or a chest wound) from impact spatter (blood from gunshots, explosives, blunt force trauma and/or machinery accidents) is an important challenge in forensic science. Streptococcal bacteria are only found in the human mouth and saliva. This study developed a polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method that detects DNA from these bacteria as a sensitive tool to detect the presence of saliva. The PCR method was very specific to human oral streptococci, with no PCR product being made from human DNA or DNA from other microbes that were tested. It was also very sensitive, detecting as little as 60 fg of target DNA. The PCR amplification gave product with 99 out of 100 saliva samples tested. PCR was not inhibited by the presence of blood and could detect target DNA in expirated bloodstains in a range of materials and for up to 92 days after deposit on cardboard or cotton fabric. In a blind trial, the PCR method was able to distinguish three mock forensic samples that contained expirated blood from four that did not. Our data show that bacteria present in the oral cavity can be detected in bloodstains that contain saliva and therefore can potentially be used as a marker in forensic work to distinguish mouth-expirated bloodstains from other types of bloodstains.

  3. 24 CFR 883.608 - Notice upon contract expiration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Notice upon contract expiration. 883.608 Section 883.608 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban... OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (SECTION 8 HOUSING ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS, SECTION 202 DIRECT...

  4. 24 CFR 883.608 - Notice upon contract expiration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Notice upon contract expiration. 883.608 Section 883.608 Housing and Urban Development REGULATIONS RELATING TO HOUSING AND URBAN... OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (SECTION 8 HOUSING ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS, SECTION 202 DIRECT...

  5. 24 CFR 883.608 - Notice upon contract expiration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Notice upon contract expiration. 883.608 Section 883.608 Housing and Urban Development REGULATIONS RELATING TO HOUSING AND URBAN... OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (SECTION 8 HOUSING ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS, SECTION 202 DIRECT...

  6. 21 CFR 201.127 - Drugs; expiration of exemptions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Drugs; expiration of exemptions. 201.127 Section 201.127 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) DRUGS: GENERAL LABELING Exemptions From Adequate Directions for Use § 201.127 Drugs;...

  7. 21 CFR 201.127 - Drugs; expiration of exemptions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 4 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Drugs; expiration of exemptions. 201.127 Section 201.127 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) DRUGS: GENERAL LABELING Exemptions From Adequate Directions for Use § 201.127 Drugs;...

  8. 21 CFR 201.127 - Drugs; expiration of exemptions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 4 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Drugs; expiration of exemptions. 201.127 Section 201.127 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) DRUGS: GENERAL LABELING Exemptions From Adequate Directions for Use § 201.127 Drugs;...

  9. 21 CFR 201.127 - Drugs; expiration of exemptions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 4 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Drugs; expiration of exemptions. 201.127 Section 201.127 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) DRUGS: GENERAL LABELING Exemptions From Adequate Directions for Use § 201.127 Drugs;...

  10. 40 CFR 270.195 - When will my RAP expire?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 26 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false When will my RAP expire? 270.195... (CONTINUED) EPA ADMINISTERED PERMIT PROGRAMS: THE HAZARDOUS WASTE PERMIT PROGRAM Remedial Action Plans (RAPs) How May My Rap Be Modified, Revoked and Reissued, Or Terminated? § 270.195 When will my RAP...

  11. 40 CFR 270.195 - When will my RAP expire?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 28 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false When will my RAP expire? 270.195... (CONTINUED) EPA ADMINISTERED PERMIT PROGRAMS: THE HAZARDOUS WASTE PERMIT PROGRAM Remedial Action Plans (RAPs) How May My Rap Be Modified, Revoked and Reissued, Or Terminated? § 270.195 When will my RAP...

  12. 40 CFR 270.195 - When will my RAP expire?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 27 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false When will my RAP expire? 270.195... (CONTINUED) EPA ADMINISTERED PERMIT PROGRAMS: THE HAZARDOUS WASTE PERMIT PROGRAM Remedial Action Plans (RAPs) How May My Rap Be Modified, Revoked and Reissued, Or Terminated? § 270.195 When will my RAP...

  13. 40 CFR 270.195 - When will my RAP expire?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 28 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false When will my RAP expire? 270.195... (CONTINUED) EPA ADMINISTERED PERMIT PROGRAMS: THE HAZARDOUS WASTE PERMIT PROGRAM Remedial Action Plans (RAPs) How May My Rap Be Modified, Revoked and Reissued, Or Terminated? § 270.195 When will my RAP...

  14. 40 CFR 270.195 - When will my RAP expire?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 27 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false When will my RAP expire? 270.195... (CONTINUED) EPA ADMINISTERED PERMIT PROGRAMS: THE HAZARDOUS WASTE PERMIT PROGRAM Remedial Action Plans (RAPs) How May My Rap Be Modified, Revoked and Reissued, Or Terminated? § 270.195 When will my RAP...

  15. 24 CFR 242.20 - Reopening of expired commitments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... AUTHORITIES MORTGAGE INSURANCE FOR HOSPITALS Application Procedures and Commitments § 242.20 Reopening of... no later than 90 days after the date of expiration of the commitment. The reopening request shall be...-day period, a new application accompanied by an application fee must be submitted. If a commitment...

  16. 40 CFR 144.37 - Continuation of expiring permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 22 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Continuation of expiring permits. 144.37 Section 144.37 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) WATER PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) UNDERGROUND INJECTION CONTROL PROGRAM Authorization by Permit § 144.37 Continuation...

  17. 76 FR 20249 - Update Station License Expiration Dates

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-12

    ... reflect the current license expiration dates for radio and television broadcast stations. The current... enable broadcast station licensees to quickly peruse the rule to determine when their stations' licenses... base and on the broadcast stations' most recent license or renewal authorization. DATES:...

  18. Sensor gas analyzer for acetone determination in expired air

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Baranov, Vitaly V.

    2001-05-01

    Diseases and changes in the way of life change the concentration and composition of the expired air. Our adaptable gas analyzer is intended for the selective analysis of expired air and can be adapted for the solution of current diagnostic and analytical tasks by the user (a physician or a patient). Having analyzed the existing trends in the development of noninvasive diagnostics we have chosen the method of noninvasive acetone detection in expired air, where the acetone concentration correlates with blood and urine glucose concentrations. The appearance of acetone in expired air is indicative of disorders that may be caused not only by diabetes but also be wrong diet, incorrect sportsmen training etc. To control the disorders one should know the acetone concentration in the human body. This knowledge allows one to judge upon the state of the patient, choose a correct diet that will not cause damage to the patient's health, determine sportsmen training efficiency and results and solve the artificial pancreas problem. Our device provide highly accurate analysis, rapid diagnostics and authentic acetone quantification in the patient's body at any time aimed at prediction of the patient's state and assessing the efficiency of the therapy used. Clinical implementation of the device will improve the health and save lives of many thousands of diabetes sufferers.

  19. 46 CFR 160.066-10 - Expiration date.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 6 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Expiration date. 160.066-10 Section 160.066-10 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) EQUIPMENT, CONSTRUCTION, AND MATERIALS: SPECIFICATIONS AND APPROVAL LIFESAVING EQUIPMENT Distress Signal for Boats, Red Aerial Pyrotechnic Flare §...

  20. 46 CFR 160.066-10 - Expiration date.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 6 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Expiration date. 160.066-10 Section 160.066-10 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) EQUIPMENT, CONSTRUCTION, AND MATERIALS: SPECIFICATIONS AND APPROVAL LIFESAVING EQUIPMENT Distress Signal for Boats, Red Aerial Pyrotechnic Flare §...

  1. 46 CFR 160.066-10 - Expiration date.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Expiration date. 160.066-10 Section 160.066-10 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) EQUIPMENT, CONSTRUCTION, AND MATERIALS: SPECIFICATIONS AND APPROVAL LIFESAVING EQUIPMENT Distress Signal for Boats, Red Aerial Pyrotechnic Flare §...

  2. 46 CFR 160.066-10 - Expiration date.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 6 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Expiration date. 160.066-10 Section 160.066-10 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) EQUIPMENT, CONSTRUCTION, AND MATERIALS: SPECIFICATIONS AND APPROVAL LIFESAVING EQUIPMENT Distress Signal for Boats, Red Aerial Pyrotechnic Flare §...

  3. 46 CFR 160.066-10 - Expiration date.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 6 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Expiration date. 160.066-10 Section 160.066-10 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) EQUIPMENT, CONSTRUCTION, AND MATERIALS: SPECIFICATIONS AND APPROVAL LIFESAVING EQUIPMENT Distress Signal for Boats, Red Aerial Pyrotechnic Flare §...

  4. 24 CFR 886.111a - Notice upon contract expiration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Notice upon contract expiration. 886.111a Section 886.111a Housing and Urban Development REGULATIONS RELATING TO HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (CONTINUED) OFFICE OF THE ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR HOUSING-FEDERAL HOUSING COMMISSIONER, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (SECTION...

  5. 24 CFR 884.108a - Notice upon contract expiration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Notice upon contract expiration. 884.108a Section 884.108a Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development (Continued) OFFICE OF THE ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR HOUSING-FEDERAL HOUSING COMMISSIONER, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (SECTION...

  6. 24 CFR 880.508 - Notice upon contract expiration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Notice upon contract expiration. 880.508 Section 880.508 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development (Continued) OFFICE OF THE ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR HOUSING-FEDERAL HOUSING COMMISSIONER, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (SECTION...

  7. 24 CFR 886.311a - Notice upon contract expiration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Notice upon contract expiration. 886.311a Section 886.311a Housing and Urban Development REGULATIONS RELATING TO HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (CONTINUED) OFFICE OF THE ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR HOUSING-FEDERAL HOUSING COMMISSIONER, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (SECTION...

  8. 24 CFR 886.311a - Notice upon contract expiration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Notice upon contract expiration. 886.311a Section 886.311a Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development (Continued) OFFICE OF THE ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR HOUSING-FEDERAL HOUSING COMMISSIONER, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (SECTION...

  9. 24 CFR 884.108a - Notice upon contract expiration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Notice upon contract expiration. 884.108a Section 884.108a Housing and Urban Development REGULATIONS RELATING TO HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (CONTINUED) OFFICE OF THE ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR HOUSING-FEDERAL HOUSING COMMISSIONER, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (SECTION...

  10. 24 CFR 891.590 - Notice upon HAP contract expiration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Notice upon HAP contract expiration. 891.590 Section 891.590 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development (Continued) OFFICE OF THE ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR HOUSING-FEDERAL HOUSING COMMISSIONER, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT...

  11. 24 CFR 880.508 - Notice upon contract expiration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Notice upon contract expiration. 880.508 Section 880.508 Housing and Urban Development REGULATIONS RELATING TO HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (CONTINUED) OFFICE OF THE ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR HOUSING-FEDERAL HOUSING COMMISSIONER, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (SECTION...

  12. 24 CFR 886.111a - Notice upon contract expiration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Notice upon contract expiration. 886.111a Section 886.111a Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development (Continued) OFFICE OF THE ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR HOUSING-FEDERAL HOUSING COMMISSIONER, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (SECTION...

  13. 24 CFR 891.590 - Notice upon HAP contract expiration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Notice upon HAP contract expiration. 891.590 Section 891.590 Housing and Urban Development REGULATIONS RELATING TO HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (CONTINUED) OFFICE OF THE ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR HOUSING-FEDERAL HOUSING COMMISSIONER, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT...

  14. 24 CFR 3286. 211 - Expiration and renewal of installation licenses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 5 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Expiration and renewal of installation licenses. 3286. 211 Section 3286. 211 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development (Continued) OFFICE OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR HOUSING-FEDERAL HOUSING COMMISSIONER, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND...

  15. 40 CFR 270.200 - How may I renew my RAP if it is expiring?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 26 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false How may I renew my RAP if it is expiring? 270.200 Section 270.200 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED... renew my RAP if it is expiring? If you wish to renew your expiring RAP, you must follow the process...

  16. 78 FR 72571 - Extension of Expiration Date for Mental Disorders Body System Listings

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-03

    ... extending the current expiration date for the Mental Disorders body system listings. \\2\\ 75 FR 51336 (2010... ADMINISTRATION 20 CFR Part 404 RIN 0960-AH49 Extension of Expiration Date for Mental Disorders Body System... expiration date of the Mental Disorders body system in the Listing of Impairments (listings) in...

  17. 23 CFR 1200.30 - Expiration of the right to incur costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... contractors may not incur costs for Federal reimbursement past the expiration date. ... 23 Highways 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Expiration of the right to incur costs. 1200.30 Section... HIGHWAY SAFETY PROGRAMS Closeout § 1200.30 Expiration of the right to incur costs. Unless extended...

  18. 21 CFR 1309.31 - Time for application for registration; expiration date.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... Registration § 1309.31 Time for application for registration; expiration date. (a) Any person who is required... the expiration date of his registration. (c) At the time a person is first registered, that person... expiration date of the registrations of all registrants within any group will be the last day of the...

  19. 46 CFR 153.902 - Expiration and invalidation of the Certificate of Compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... Operations Documents and Cargo Information § 153.902 Expiration and invalidation of the Certificate of Compliance. (a) The Certificate of Compliance shows its expiration date. (b) The endorsement of a Certificate... 46 Shipping 5 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Expiration and invalidation of the Certificate...

  20. 21 CFR 1309.31 - Time for application for registration; expiration date.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... Registration § 1309.31 Time for application for registration; expiration date. (a) Any person who is required... the expiration date of his registration. (c) At the time a person is first registered, that person... expiration date of the registrations of all registrants within any group will be the last day of the...

  1. 46 CFR 153.902 - Expiration and invalidation of the Certificate of Compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... Operations Documents and Cargo Information § 153.902 Expiration and invalidation of the Certificate of Compliance. (a) The Certificate of Compliance shows its expiration date. (b) The endorsement of a Certificate... 46 Shipping 5 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Expiration and invalidation of the Certificate...

  2. 21 CFR 1301.13 - Application for registration; time for application; expiration date; registration for independent...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...; expiration date; registration for independent activities; application forms, fees, contents and signature... § 1301.13 Application for registration; time for application; expiration date; registration for... days before the expiration date of his/her registration, except that a bulk manufacturer of Schedule...

  3. 9 CFR 114.14 - Extension of expiration date for a serial or subserial.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Extension of expiration date for a... PRODUCTION REQUIREMENTS FOR BIOLOGICAL PRODUCTS § 114.14 Extension of expiration date for a serial or... expiration date shall not be extended: (1) If all fractions of the product are not evaluated for potency...

  4. 21 CFR 1309.31 - Time for application for registration; expiration date.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... Registration § 1309.31 Time for application for registration; expiration date. (a) Any person who is required... the expiration date of his registration. (c) At the time a person is first registered, that person... expiration date of the registrations of all registrants within any group will be the last day of the...

  5. 8 CFR 211.3 - Expiration of immigrant visa or other travel document.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Expiration of immigrant visa or other... REGULATIONS DOCUMENTARY REQUIREMENTS: IMMIGRANTS; WAIVERS § 211.3 Expiration of immigrant visa or other travel... regarded as unexpired if the rightful holder embarked or enplaned before the expiration of his or...

  6. 48 CFR 22.404-5 - Expiration of project wage determinations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... determination expiration date from the Administrator, Wage and Hour Division. The request for extension shall be... the extended expiration date to the already incorporated project wage determination. (See 43.103(b)(1... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Expiration of project...

  7. 37 CFR 7.30 - Effect of cancellation or expiration of international registration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... protection or relevant part shall be the date of cancellation or expiration of the corresponding... expiration of international registration. 7.30 Section 7.30 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights UNITED STATES... to the United States § 7.30 Effect of cancellation or expiration of international registration....

  8. 46 CFR 153.902 - Expiration and invalidation of the Certificate of Compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Operations Documents and Cargo Information § 153.902 Expiration and invalidation of the Certificate of Compliance. (a) The Certificate of Compliance shows its expiration date. (b) The endorsement of a Certificate... 46 Shipping 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Expiration and invalidation of the Certificate...

  9. 46 CFR 153.902 - Expiration and invalidation of the Certificate of Compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... Operations Documents and Cargo Information § 153.902 Expiration and invalidation of the Certificate of Compliance. (a) The Certificate of Compliance shows its expiration date. (b) The endorsement of a Certificate... 46 Shipping 5 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Expiration and invalidation of the Certificate...

  10. 21 CFR 1309.31 - Time for application for registration; expiration date.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... Registration § 1309.31 Time for application for registration; expiration date. (a) Any person who is required... the expiration date of his registration. (c) At the time a person is first registered, that person... expiration date of the registrations of all registrants within any group will be the last day of the...

  11. 8 CFR 211.3 - Expiration of immigrant visa or other travel document.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Expiration of immigrant visa or other... REGULATIONS DOCUMENTARY REQUIREMENTS: IMMIGRANTS; WAIVERS § 211.3 Expiration of immigrant visa or other travel... regarded as unexpired if the rightful holder embarked or enplaned before the expiration of his or...

  12. 37 CFR 7.30 - Effect of cancellation or expiration of international registration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... protection or relevant part shall be the date of cancellation or expiration of the corresponding... expiration of international registration. 7.30 Section 7.30 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights UNITED STATES... to the United States § 7.30 Effect of cancellation or expiration of international registration....

  13. 9 CFR 114.14 - Extension of expiration date for a serial or subserial.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Extension of expiration date for a... PRODUCTION REQUIREMENTS FOR BIOLOGICAL PRODUCTS § 114.14 Extension of expiration date for a serial or... expiration date shall not be extended: (1) If all fractions of the product are not evaluated for potency...

  14. 21 CFR 1309.31 - Time for application for registration; expiration date.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... Registration § 1309.31 Time for application for registration; expiration date. (a) Any person who is required... the expiration date of his registration. (c) At the time a person is first registered, that person... expiration date of the registrations of all registrants within any group will be the last day of the...

  15. 8 CFR 211.3 - Expiration of immigrant visa or other travel document.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Expiration of immigrant visa or other... REGULATIONS DOCUMENTARY REQUIREMENTS: IMMIGRANTS; WAIVERS § 211.3 Expiration of immigrant visa or other travel... regarded as unexpired if the rightful holder embarked or enplaned before the expiration of his or...

  16. 48 CFR 22.404-5 - Expiration of project wage determinations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... determination expiration date from the Administrator, Wage and Hour Division. The request for extension shall be... the extended expiration date to the already incorporated project wage determination. (See 43.103(b)(1... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Expiration of project...

  17. 23 CFR 1200.30 - Expiration of the right to incur costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... contractors may not incur costs for Federal reimbursement past the expiration date. ... 23 Highways 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Expiration of the right to incur costs. 1200.30 Section... HIGHWAY SAFETY PROGRAMS Closeout § 1200.30 Expiration of the right to incur costs. Unless extended...

  18. New principle for estimation of hydrogen in expired air.

    PubMed

    van der Klei-van Moorsel, J M; Douwes, A C; van Oeveren, J P

    1984-02-01

    A new device for estimation of hydrogen in expired air is described. The measuring principle consists of a semi-conductive detector with a high affinity for hydrogen. Experiments on reliability and reproducibility are satisfactory. A good correlation has been obtained with the results of gas chromatographic analysis of hydrogen in reference gases as well as in samples of expired air. Discrimination between lactose absorbers and lactose malabsorbers in 50 consecutive patients is the same when using both methods simultaneously. This so-called "Lactoscreen", supplied with separate collection systems for infants and for older children, provides a rapid estimation of breath hydrogen concentration. A built-in hydrogen generator produces hydrogen air mixtures of variable concentrations, thus obviating the need for external reference gases. The "Lactoscreen" appears to be reliable for routine screening for carbohydrate malabsorption in children and adults and is easy for medical assistants to handle.

  19. Some guidelines on guidelines: they should come with expiration dates.

    PubMed

    Rothman, Kenneth J; Poole, Charles

    2007-11-01

    The STROBE guidelines (for Strengthening the Reporting of OBservational Studies in Epidemiology) add to a lengthy catalog of attempts to keep epidemiologists on more or less straight and more or less narrow paths charted by guideline authors. STROBE has an ambitious goal, and may prove highly useful for some. It raises concern, however, about a problem generic to guidelines, namely how long they will be useful. Guidelines may be inevitable, but they can foster ossification and be counterproductive. Who today would be happy with epidemiology guidelines issued in, say, 1960, 1970, 1980, or even, 1990? One solution is to offer each set of guidelines with an expiration date, beyond which it would cease to apply. Such a policy would at least prompt revisions. We propose that the STROBE guidelines might expire on 31 December 2010 or 3 years after any revision. PMID:18049192

  20. Continuous Vocalization during Kendo Exercises Suppresses Expiration of CO2.

    PubMed

    Arikawa, H; Terada, T; Takahashi, T; Kizaki, K; Imai, H; Era, S

    2015-06-01

    One distinctive trait of kendo, the Japanese martial art of fencing, is the execution of sustained, high-effort vocalizations during actions. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of these vocalizations on respiratory functions. First, the intensity of 3 kendo exercises was quantified by measuring oxygen uptake (V̇O2) and comparing it with V̇O2max measured during treadmill tests of 8 university kendo athletes. Respiratory variables of these 8 athletes were then analyzed using a portable breath gas analyzer during the most intensive kendo exercise, kakari-keiko, with and without vocalization. Breathing frequency (fB) increased regardless of vocalization, but in trials with vocalization, fB and ventilation were significantly lower, and expiration time was significantly longer. Components of expired gases were also affected by vocalization. Although there was no significant difference in oxygen uptake, vocalization yielded a reduction in carbon dioxide output (V̇CO2) and an increase in fraction of end-tidal carbon dioxide (FetCO2). We thus conclude that these vocalizations greatly affect expiration breathing patterns in kendo. Moreover, repetition of kakari-keiko caused a reduction in V̇CO2 and an increase in FetCO2 and CO2 storage. We consider the possibility that the sustained high-effort vocalizations of kendo also increase cerebral blood flow.

  1. Continuous Vocalization during Kendo Exercises Suppresses Expiration of CO2.

    PubMed

    Arikawa, H; Terada, T; Takahashi, T; Kizaki, K; Imai, H; Era, S

    2015-06-01

    One distinctive trait of kendo, the Japanese martial art of fencing, is the execution of sustained, high-effort vocalizations during actions. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of these vocalizations on respiratory functions. First, the intensity of 3 kendo exercises was quantified by measuring oxygen uptake (V̇O2) and comparing it with V̇O2max measured during treadmill tests of 8 university kendo athletes. Respiratory variables of these 8 athletes were then analyzed using a portable breath gas analyzer during the most intensive kendo exercise, kakari-keiko, with and without vocalization. Breathing frequency (fB) increased regardless of vocalization, but in trials with vocalization, fB and ventilation were significantly lower, and expiration time was significantly longer. Components of expired gases were also affected by vocalization. Although there was no significant difference in oxygen uptake, vocalization yielded a reduction in carbon dioxide output (V̇CO2) and an increase in fraction of end-tidal carbon dioxide (FetCO2). We thus conclude that these vocalizations greatly affect expiration breathing patterns in kendo. Moreover, repetition of kakari-keiko caused a reduction in V̇CO2 and an increase in FetCO2 and CO2 storage. We consider the possibility that the sustained high-effort vocalizations of kendo also increase cerebral blood flow. PMID:25760149

  2. Cytotoxicity of composite resins before and after expiration date. Preliminary report.

    PubMed

    Bal, Bilge Turhan; Sönmez, Nalan; Bavbek, Barkin; Akçaboy, Cihan

    2011-04-01

    The aim of this study was to compare the cytotoxic effects of expired and non-expired resin-based composite materials at two, five and seven days on L929 cells. Disc-shaped test samples of expired and non-expired composite materials were prepared according to manufacturers' instructions. The samples were transferred into a culture medium for 24 hours. Eluates were obtained and pipetted onto L-929 mouse fibroblast cultures and incubated for evaluation after two, five and seven days. After each of the incubation periods, measurements were performed by MTT assay. The degree of cytotoxicity of each sample was determined according to the reference value represented by the cells with a control. Statistical significance was determined by two-way analysis of variance, followed by Duncan's test. Among all composite materials, expired composites presented lower cell viability than the non-expired composites over the three-day time period; the difference in survival rates between the expired and non-expired groups was statistically significant (P < 0.05). Non-expired Quadrant Universal LC demonstrated high survival rates, followed by Filtek Z250 and Alpha-dent at two and five days. It can be concluded that expiration dates have a significant effect on the cytotoxicity of the composite materials. PMID:21735869

  3. 21 CFR 70.10 - Color additives in standardized foods and new drugs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Color additives in standardized foods and new... on such compliance and will expire with the expiration of the temporary permit. (b) New drugs. (1) Where an application for a new drug is received and this application proposes, for coloring...

  4. 75 FR 54419 - Notice: Elimination of Expiration Dates for Classification Approvals

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-07

    ... peroxide materials and self- reactive substances. PHMSA is changing its policy and eliminating expiration... implementation. For instance, explosives assigned EX numbers, and self-reactive materials and organic...

  5. Detection and labeling ribs on expiration chest radiographs

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Park, Mira; Jin, Jesse S.; Wilson, Laurence S.

    2003-06-01

    Typically, inspiration is preferred when xraying the lungs. The x-ray technologist will ask a patient to be still and to take a deep breath and to hold it. This not only reduces the possibility of a blurred image but also enhances the quality of the image since air-filled lungs are easier to see on x-ray film. However, inspiration causes low density in the inner part of lung field. That means that ribs in the inner part of lung field have lower density than the other parts nearer to the border of the lung field. That is why edge detection algorithms often fail to detect ribs. Therefore to make rib edges clear we try to produce an expiration lung field using a 'hemi-elliptical cavity.' Based on the expiration lung field, we extract the rib edges using canny edge detector and a new connectivity method, called '4 way with 10-neighbors connectivity' to detect clavicle and rib edge candidates. Once the edge candidates are formed, our system selects the best candidates using knowledge-based constraints such as a gradient, length and location. The edges can be paired and labeled as superior rib edge and inferior rib edge. Then the system uses the clavicle, which is obtained in a same method for the rib edge detection, as a landmark to label all detected ribs.

  6. 30 CFR 250.1014 - When pipeline right-of-way grants expire.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false When pipeline right-of-way grants expire. 250... THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE OIL AND GAS AND SULPHUR OPERATIONS IN THE OUTER CONTINENTAL SHELF Pipelines and Pipeline Rights-of-Way § 250.1014 When pipeline right-of-way grants expire. Any right-of-way granted...

  7. 30 CFR 250.1014 - When pipeline right-of-way grants expire.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false When pipeline right-of-way grants expire. 250... THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE OIL AND GAS AND SULPHUR OPERATIONS IN THE OUTER CONTINENTAL SHELF Pipelines and Pipeline Rights-of-Way § 250.1014 When pipeline right-of-way grants expire. Any right-of-way granted...

  8. 30 CFR 250.1014 - When pipeline right-of-way grants expire.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false When pipeline right-of-way grants expire. 250... OFFSHORE OIL AND GAS AND SULPHUR OPERATIONS IN THE OUTER CONTINENTAL SHELF Pipelines and Pipeline Rights-of-Way § 250.1014 When pipeline right-of-way grants expire. Any right-of-way granted under the...

  9. 30 CFR 250.1014 - When pipeline right-of-way grants expire.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false When pipeline right-of-way grants expire. 250... Pipelines and Pipeline Rights-of-Way § 250.1014 When pipeline right-of-way grants expire. Any right-of-way granted under the provisions of this subpart remains in effect as long as the associated pipeline...

  10. 30 CFR 250.1014 - When pipeline right-of-way grants expire.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false When pipeline right-of-way grants expire. 250... THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE OIL AND GAS AND SULPHUR OPERATIONS IN THE OUTER CONTINENTAL SHELF Pipelines and Pipeline Rights-of-Way § 250.1014 When pipeline right-of-way grants expire. Any right-of-way granted...

  11. 78 FR 73696 - Extension of Expiration Date for Mental Disorders Body System Listings; Correction

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-09

    ... in the Federal Register of December 3, 2013, (78 FR 72571) extending the expiration date of the... rule, we incorrectly stated the RIN as 0960-AH49. This correction changes the RIN to 0960-AH62. In FR... ADMINISTRATION 20 CFR Part 404 RIN 0960-AH62 Extension of Expiration Date for Mental Disorders Body...

  12. 20 CFR 404.996 - Increase in future benefits where time period for reopening expires.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Increase in future benefits where time period for reopening expires. 404.996 Section 404.996 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION... § 404.996 Increase in future benefits where time period for reopening expires. If, after the time...

  13. 33 CFR 173.79 - Expiration of Coast Guard certificate of number.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Expiration of Coast Guard certificate of number. 173.79 Section 173.79 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF... Certificate of Number § 173.79 Expiration of Coast Guard certificate of number. A certificate of number...

  14. 33 CFR 173.79 - Expiration of Coast Guard certificate of number.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Expiration of Coast Guard certificate of number. 173.79 Section 173.79 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF... Certificate of Number § 173.79 Expiration of Coast Guard certificate of number. A certificate of number...

  15. 33 CFR 173.79 - Expiration of Coast Guard certificate of number.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Expiration of Coast Guard certificate of number. 173.79 Section 173.79 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF... Certificate of Number § 173.79 Expiration of Coast Guard certificate of number. A certificate of number...

  16. 33 CFR 173.79 - Expiration of Coast Guard certificate of number.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Expiration of Coast Guard certificate of number. 173.79 Section 173.79 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF... Certificate of Number § 173.79 Expiration of Coast Guard certificate of number. A certificate of number...

  17. 33 CFR 173.79 - Expiration of Coast Guard certificate of number.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Expiration of Coast Guard certificate of number. 173.79 Section 173.79 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF... Certificate of Number § 173.79 Expiration of Coast Guard certificate of number. A certificate of number...

  18. 40 CFR 270.200 - How may I renew my RAP if it is expiring?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 28 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false How may I renew my RAP if it is... Action Plans (RAPs) How May My Rap Be Modified, Revoked and Reissued, Or Terminated? § 270.200 How may I renew my RAP if it is expiring? If you wish to renew your expiring RAP, you must follow the process...

  19. 40 CFR 270.200 - How may I renew my RAP if it is expiring?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 27 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false How may I renew my RAP if it is... Action Plans (RAPs) How May My Rap Be Modified, Revoked and Reissued, Or Terminated? § 270.200 How may I renew my RAP if it is expiring? If you wish to renew your expiring RAP, you must follow the process...

  20. 40 CFR 270.200 - How may I renew my RAP if it is expiring?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 27 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false How may I renew my RAP if it is... Action Plans (RAPs) How May My Rap Be Modified, Revoked and Reissued, Or Terminated? § 270.200 How may I renew my RAP if it is expiring? If you wish to renew your expiring RAP, you must follow the process...

  1. 40 CFR 270.200 - How may I renew my RAP if it is expiring?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 28 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false How may I renew my RAP if it is... Action Plans (RAPs) How May My Rap Be Modified, Revoked and Reissued, Or Terminated? § 270.200 How may I renew my RAP if it is expiring? If you wish to renew your expiring RAP, you must follow the process...

  2. 18 CFR 5.4 - Acceleration of a license expiration date.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Acceleration of a... APPLICATION PROCESS § 5.4 Acceleration of a license expiration date. (a) Request for acceleration. (1) No... chapter, a written request for acceleration of the expiration date of its existing license, containing...

  3. 18 CFR 5.4 - Acceleration of a license expiration date.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Acceleration of a... APPLICATION PROCESS § 5.4 Acceleration of a license expiration date. (a) Request for acceleration. (1) No... chapter, a written request for acceleration of the expiration date of its existing license, containing...

  4. 18 CFR 5.4 - Acceleration of a license expiration date.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Acceleration of a... APPLICATION PROCESS § 5.4 Acceleration of a license expiration date. (a) Request for acceleration. (1) No... chapter, a written request for acceleration of the expiration date of its existing license, containing...

  5. 18 CFR 5.4 - Acceleration of a license expiration date.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Acceleration of a... APPLICATION PROCESS § 5.4 Acceleration of a license expiration date. (a) Request for acceleration. (1) No... chapter, a written request for acceleration of the expiration date of its existing license, containing...

  6. 18 CFR 5.4 - Acceleration of a license expiration date.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Acceleration of a... APPLICATION PROCESS § 5.4 Acceleration of a license expiration date. (a) Request for acceleration. (1) No... chapter, a written request for acceleration of the expiration date of its existing license, containing...

  7. 18 CFR 16.3 - Public notice of projects under expiring licenses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... report and annually in the Federal Register, a table showing the projects whose licenses will expire... dates; and (b) Contain the following information: license expiration date; licensee's name; project number; type of principal project works licensed, e.g., dam and reservoir, powerhouse, transmission...

  8. 18 CFR 16.3 - Public notice of projects under expiring licenses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... report and annually in the Federal Register, a table showing the projects whose licenses will expire... dates; and (b) Contain the following information: license expiration date; licensee's name; project number; type of principal project works licensed, e.g., dam and reservoir, powerhouse, transmission...

  9. 18 CFR 16.3 - Public notice of projects under expiring licenses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... report and annually in the Federal Register, a table showing the projects whose licenses will expire... dates; and (b) Contain the following information: license expiration date; licensee's name; project number; type of principal project works licensed, e.g., dam and reservoir, powerhouse, transmission...

  10. 18 CFR 16.3 - Public notice of projects under expiring licenses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... report and annually in the Federal Register, a table showing the projects whose licenses will expire... dates; and (b) Contain the following information: license expiration date; licensee's name; project number; type of principal project works licensed, e.g., dam and reservoir, powerhouse, transmission...

  11. 14 CFR 205.7 - Cancellation, withdrawal, modification, expiration, or replacement of insurance coverage.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ..., expiration, or replacement of insurance coverage. 205.7 Section 205.7 Aeronautics and Space OFFICE OF THE... LIABILITY INSURANCE § 205.7 Cancellation, withdrawal, modification, expiration, or replacement of insurance... notice period shall start to run from the date such notice is actually received at the Department....

  12. 14 CFR 205.7 - Cancellation, withdrawal, modification, expiration, or replacement of insurance coverage.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ..., expiration, or replacement of insurance coverage. 205.7 Section 205.7 Aeronautics and Space OFFICE OF THE... LIABILITY INSURANCE § 205.7 Cancellation, withdrawal, modification, expiration, or replacement of insurance... notice period shall start to run from the date such notice is actually received at the Department....

  13. 24 CFR 969.107 - HUD approval of demolition or disposition before ACC expiration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... expiration. This part is not intended to preclude or restrict the demolition or disposition of a project pursuant to HUD approval in accordance with 24 CFR part 970. Subject to the requirements of 24 CFR part 970... disposition before ACC expiration. 969.107 Section 969.107 Housing and Urban Development REGULATIONS...

  14. 13 CFR 120.850 - Expiration of Associate Development Company designation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Expiration of Associate....850 Expiration of Associate Development Company designation. The designation of Associate Development Company (ADC) will cease to exist on January 1, 2004. After that date, former ADCs may continue...

  15. 22 CFR 211.11 - Suspension, termination, and expiration of program.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Suspension, termination, and expiration of..., termination, and expiration of program. (a) Termination or suspension by A.I.D. All or any part of the..., at least 30 days prior to the date indicated in the notice that the program will be terminated...

  16. 24 CFR 969.107 - HUD approval of demolition or disposition before ACC expiration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... expiration. This part is not intended to preclude or restrict the demolition or disposition of a project pursuant to HUD approval in accordance with 24 CFR part 970. Subject to the requirements of 24 CFR part 970... disposition before ACC expiration. 969.107 Section 969.107 Housing and Urban Development REGULATIONS...

  17. 13 CFR 120.850 - Expiration of Associate Development Company designation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Expiration of Associate....850 Expiration of Associate Development Company designation. The designation of Associate Development Company (ADC) will cease to exist on January 1, 2004. After that date, former ADCs may continue...

  18. 24 CFR 969.107 - HUD approval of demolition or disposition before ACC expiration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... expiration. This part is not intended to preclude or restrict the demolition or disposition of a project pursuant to HUD approval in accordance with 24 CFR part 970. Subject to the requirements of 24 CFR part 970... disposition before ACC expiration. 969.107 Section 969.107 Housing and Urban Development REGULATIONS...

  19. 22 CFR 211.11 - Suspension, termination, and expiration of program.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Suspension, termination, and expiration of..., termination, and expiration of program. (a) Termination or suspension by A.I.D. All or any part of the..., at least 30 days prior to the date indicated in the notice that the program will be terminated...

  20. 28 CFR 58.14 - Automatic expiration of agencies' status as approved agencies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Automatic expiration of agencies' status...) REGULATIONS RELATING TO THE BANKRUPTCY REFORM ACTS OF 1978 AND 1994 § 58.14 Automatic expiration of agencies... approved agency immediately prior to the date it last obtained approval to be an approved agency, such...

  1. 25 CFR 503.2 - Display of control numbers and expiration dates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 2 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Display of control numbers and expiration dates. 503.2 Section 503.2 Indians NATIONAL INDIAN GAMING COMMISSION, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR GENERAL PROVISIONS COMMISSION INFORMATION COLLECTION REQUIREMENTS UNDER THE PAPERWORK REDUCTION ACT: OMB CONTROL NUMBERS AND EXPIRATION DATES § 503.2 Display of...

  2. 14 CFR 205.7 - Cancellation, withdrawal, modification, expiration, or replacement of insurance coverage.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ..., expiration, or replacement of insurance coverage. 205.7 Section 205.7 Aeronautics and Space OFFICE OF THE... LIABILITY INSURANCE § 205.7 Cancellation, withdrawal, modification, expiration, or replacement of insurance... notice period shall start to run from the date such notice is actually received at the Department....

  3. 13 CFR 120.850 - Expiration of Associate Development Company designation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Expiration of Associate....850 Expiration of Associate Development Company designation. The designation of Associate Development Company (ADC) will cease to exist on January 1, 2004. After that date, former ADCs may continue...

  4. 14 CFR 205.7 - Cancellation, withdrawal, modification, expiration, or replacement of insurance coverage.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ..., expiration, or replacement of insurance coverage. 205.7 Section 205.7 Aeronautics and Space OFFICE OF THE... LIABILITY INSURANCE § 205.7 Cancellation, withdrawal, modification, expiration, or replacement of insurance... notice period shall start to run from the date such notice is actually received at the Department....

  5. 28 CFR 58.14 - Automatic expiration of agencies' status as approved agencies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Automatic expiration of agencies' status...) REGULATIONS RELATING TO THE BANKRUPTCY REFORM ACTS OF 1978 AND 1994 § 58.14 Automatic expiration of agencies... approved agency immediately prior to the date it last obtained approval to be an approved agency, such...

  6. 14 CFR 205.7 - Cancellation, withdrawal, modification, expiration, or replacement of insurance coverage.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ..., expiration, or replacement of insurance coverage. 205.7 Section 205.7 Aeronautics and Space OFFICE OF THE... LIABILITY INSURANCE § 205.7 Cancellation, withdrawal, modification, expiration, or replacement of insurance... notice period shall start to run from the date such notice is actually received at the Department....

  7. 22 CFR 211.11 - Suspension, termination, and expiration of program.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Suspension, termination, and expiration of..., termination, and expiration of program. (a) Termination or suspension by A.I.D. All or any part of the..., at least 30 days prior to the date indicated in the notice that the program will be terminated...

  8. 13 CFR 120.850 - Expiration of Associate Development Company designation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Expiration of Associate....850 Expiration of Associate Development Company designation. The designation of Associate Development Company (ADC) will cease to exist on January 1, 2004. After that date, former ADCs may continue...

  9. 28 CFR 58.27 - Automatic expiration of providers' status as approved providers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Automatic expiration of providers' status...) REGULATIONS RELATING TO THE BANKRUPTCY REFORM ACTS OF 1978 AND 1994 § 58.27 Automatic expiration of providers... approved provider immediately prior to the date it last obtained approval to be an approved provider,...

  10. 28 CFR 58.27 - Automatic expiration of providers' status as approved providers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Automatic expiration of providers' status...) REGULATIONS RELATING TO THE BANKRUPTCY REFORM ACTS OF 1978 AND 1994 § 58.27 Automatic expiration of providers... approved provider immediately prior to the date it last obtained approval to be an approved provider,...

  11. REO Monthly

    2010-12-31

    A spreadsheet written in Microsoft Excel that evaluates combinations of renewable energy technologies at a site and identifies the combination that minimizes life cycle cost. Constraints on the optimization such as percent of energy from renewable, available land area; available investment capital, etc make the optimization more useful. Inputs to the model include building location, number of square feet and floors; monthly energy use and cost for electric and any other fuels. Outputs include sizemore » of each RE technology total investment, utility costs, O&M costs; percent renewable; life cycle cost; rate of return; CO2 savings.« less

  12. 8 CFR 211.3 - Expiration of immigrant visas, reentry permits, refugee travel documents, and Form I-551.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Expiration of immigrant visas, reentry... Expiration of immigrant visas, reentry permits, refugee travel documents, and Form I-551. An immigrant visa... holder embarked or enplaned before the expiration of his or her immigrant visa, reentry permit,...

  13. 14 CFR 61.427 - What must I do if my flight instructor certificate with a sport pilot rating expires?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... certificate with a sport pilot rating expires? 61.427 Section 61.427 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION... GROUND INSTRUCTORS Flight Instructors With a Sport Pilot Rating § 61.427 What must I do if my flight instructor certificate with a sport pilot rating expires? You may exchange your expired flight...

  14. 14 CFR 61.427 - What must I do if my flight instructor certificate with a sport pilot rating expires?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... certificate with a sport pilot rating expires? 61.427 Section 61.427 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION... GROUND INSTRUCTORS Flight Instructors With a Sport Pilot Rating § 61.427 What must I do if my flight instructor certificate with a sport pilot rating expires? You may exchange your expired flight...

  15. 14 CFR 61.427 - What must I do if my flight instructor certificate with a sport pilot rating expires?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... certificate with a sport pilot rating expires? 61.427 Section 61.427 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION... GROUND INSTRUCTORS Flight Instructors With a Sport Pilot Rating § 61.427 What must I do if my flight instructor certificate with a sport pilot rating expires? You may exchange your expired flight...

  16. 14 CFR 61.427 - What must I do if my flight instructor certificate with a sport pilot rating expires?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... certificate with a sport pilot rating expires? 61.427 Section 61.427 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION... GROUND INSTRUCTORS Flight Instructors With a Sport Pilot Rating § 61.427 What must I do if my flight instructor certificate with a sport pilot rating expires? You may exchange your expired flight...

  17. 14 CFR 61.427 - What must I do if my flight instructor certificate with a sport pilot rating expires?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... certificate with a sport pilot rating expires? 61.427 Section 61.427 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION... GROUND INSTRUCTORS Flight Instructors With a Sport Pilot Rating § 61.427 What must I do if my flight instructor certificate with a sport pilot rating expires? You may exchange your expired flight...

  18. Forced expirations against a variable resistance: a new chest physiotherapy method in cystic fibrosis.

    PubMed

    Oberwaldner, B; Evans, J C; Zach, M S

    1986-01-01

    Twenty patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) were trained to mobilize intrabronchial secretions by a new method of positive expiratory pressure mask (PEP mask) physiotherapy (PT). Patients repeatedly expired forcefully through the PEP mask; expiratory resistance was varied by eight different internal diameter resistors at the outlet. Forced vital capacity with the mask (FVCPEP) was determined for each resistor and was compared with the one measured without the instrument (FVC); simultaneously the sustained expiratory pressure (SEP) developed against the resistance was recorded. After training, each patient exceeded FVC with one or more resistors; "optimum" FVCPEP was 124 +/- 16% FVC at a SEP of 61 +/- 21 cm H2O. Using the PEP mask, patients cleared a higher percentage of their daily sputum volume than with conventional PT (78 +/- 22% versus 53 +/- 17%, p less than 0.01). In 11 patients (subgroup 1), multiple aspects of lung function were measured at the beginning of the study, after 10 months with PEP mask PT, after two further months without using the mask but with conventional PT, and after six more months with PEP mask PT. Results showed significantly increased expiratory flow rates, significantly decreased hyperinflation and airway instability with PEP mask PT, and a marked decline of lung function without it. The remaining nine patients (subgroup 2) entered into the same protocol; based on findings in subgroup 1 and on ethical considerations, however, the control period without PEP mask PT was then omitted, resulting in a steady and statistically significant improvement of lung function over the entire observation period. In the course of preliminary trials, two children transiently used a suboptimal resistance (FVCPEP less than FVC) and responded with a deterioration of lung function. By dilating airways and evacuating trapped gas, this method of PEP mask PT improves lung function and mucus clearance in CF. Thorough practice with the technique and frequent

  19. Using near infrared spectroscopy to classify soybean oil according to expiration date.

    PubMed

    da Costa, Gean Bezerra; Fernandes, David Douglas Sousa; Gomes, Adriano A; de Almeida, Valber Elias; Veras, Germano

    2016-04-01

    A rapid and non-destructive methodology is proposed for the screening of edible vegetable oils according to conservation state expiration date employing near infrared (NIR) spectroscopy and chemometric tools. A total of fifty samples of soybean vegetable oil, of different brands andlots, were used in this study; these included thirty expired and twenty non-expired samples. The oil oxidation was measured by peroxide index. NIR spectra were employed in raw form and preprocessed by offset baseline correction and Savitzky-Golay derivative procedure, followed by PCA exploratory analysis, which showed that NIR spectra would be suitable for the classification task of soybean oil samples. The classification models were based in SPA-LDA (Linear Discriminant Analysis coupled with Successive Projection Algorithm) and PLS-DA (Discriminant Analysis by Partial Least Squares). The set of samples (50) was partitioned into two groups of training (35 samples: 15 non-expired and 20 expired) and test samples (15 samples 5 non-expired and 10 expired) using sample-selection approaches: (i) Kennard-Stone, (ii) Duplex, and (iii) Random, in order to evaluate the robustness of the models. The obtained results for the independent test set (in terms of correct classification rate) were 96% and 98% for SPA-LDA and PLS-DA, respectively, indicating that the NIR spectra can be used as an alternative to evaluate the degree of oxidation of soybean oil samples.

  20. Use of localized human growth hormone and testosterone injections in addition to manual therapy and exercise for lower back pain: a case series with 12-month follow-up

    PubMed Central

    Dubick, Marc N; Ravin, Thomas H; Michel, Yvonne; Morrisette, David C

    2015-01-01

    Objective The objective of this case series was to investigate the feasibility and safety of a novel method for the management of chronic lower back pain. Injections of recombinant human growth hormone and testosterone to the painful and dysfunctional areas in individuals with chronic lower back pain were used. In addition, the participants received manual therapies and exercise addressing physical impairments such as motor control, strength, endurance, pain, and loss of movement. Pain ratings and self-rated functional outcomes were assessed. Study design This is a case series involving consecutive patients with chronic lower back pain who received the intervention of injections of recombinant human growth hormone and testosterone, and attended chiropractic and/or physical therapy. Outcomes were measured at 12 months from the time of injection. Setting A community based hospital affiliated office, and a private practice block suite. Participants A total of 60 consecutive patients attending a pain management practice for chronic lower back pain were recruited for the experimental treatment. Most participants were private pay. Interventions Participants who provided informed consent and were determined not to have radicular pain received diagnostic blocks. Those who responded favorably to the diagnostic blocks received injections of recombinant human growth hormone and testosterone in the areas treated with the blocks. Participants also received manipulation- and impairment-based exercises. Outcome measures Outcomes were assessed at 12 months through pain ratings with the Mankowski Pain Scale and the Oswestry Disability Index. Results Of the 60 patients recruited, 49 provided informed consent, and 39 completed all aspects of the study. Those patients receiving the intervention reported a significant decrease in pain ratings (P<0.01) and a significant improvement in self-rated Oswestry Disability Index scores (P<0.01). In addition, in the Oswestry Disability Index

  1. Adapting Scotland’s forests to climate change using an action expiration chart

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Petr, M.; Boerboom, L. G. J.; Ray, D.; van der Veen, A.

    2015-10-01

    The inherent uncertainty of climate change impacts is one of the main challenges for adaptation in environmental management. The lack of knowledge about climate impacts on ecosystem services at high spatial and temporal resolution limits when and what adaptation measures should be taken. We addressed these limits by assessing four ecosystem services—forest production, tree growth, sequestered carbon, and tourism potential—under drought or climate change. To support adaptation, we adapted the existing concept of ‘dynamic adaptive policy pathways’ for forest management by developing an action expiration chart, which helps to define expiry dates for forestry actions using ecosystem services delivery thresholds. We assessed services for Sitka spruce, Scots pine, and pedunculate oak on the National Forest Estate in Scotland for the next 80 years using probabilistic climate change data from the UKCP09 weather generator. Findings showed that drought would have an overall long-term negative impact on the provision of three services with a decrease up to 41%, whereas climate change has a positive impact on tourism potential with up to five times higher frequency of good climate conditions during summer months. Furthermore, the results highlighted when forestry actions, mainly in the lowlands, will reach their environmental limits during the next 80 years. Our findings reduce knowledge uncertainty and highlight when and where adaptation should be implemented to ensure the provision of future forest ecosystem services in Scotland.

  2. Conventional physiotherapy and forced expiration manoeuvres have similar effects on tracheobronchial clearance.

    PubMed

    van Hengstum, M; Festen, J; Beurskens, C; Hankel, M; Beekman, F; Corstens, F

    1988-08-01

    This study compared the effect of two forms of chest physiotherapy. In the "conventional" form of physiotherapy, postural drainage was combined with percussion and directed coughing. The other, relatively new form of physiotherapy, was the forced expiration technique, i.e. huffing combined with postural drainage, breathing exercises and, if necessary, coughing. Eight patients (six with cystic fibrosis, two with agammaglobulinaemia) took part in the study. No difference was found in tracheobronchial clearance, regional lung clearance, sputum production or lung function between the two forms of treatment. The forced expiration technique can be performed without an assistant. Therefore, it is concluded that in general the forced expiration technique is preferable.

  3. Association of expired nitric oxide with occupational particulate exposure.

    PubMed Central

    Kim, Jee Young; Wand, Matthew P; Hauser, Russ; Mukherjee, Sutapa; Herrick, Robert F; Christiani, David C

    2003-01-01

    Particulate air pollution has been associated with adverse respiratory health effects. This study assessed the utility of expired nitric oxide to detect acute airway responses to metal-containing fine particulates. Using a repeated-measures study design, we investigated the association between the fractional concentration of expired nitric oxide (F(E)NO) and exposure to particulate matter with an aerodynamic mass median diameter of less than or equal to 2.5 micro m (PM(2.5)) in boilermakers exposed to residual oil fly ash and metal fumes. Subjects were monitored for 5 days during boiler repair overhauls in 1999 (n = 20) or 2000 (n = 14). The Wilcoxon median baseline F(E)NO was 10.6 ppb [95% confidence interval (CI): 9.1, 12.7] in 1999 and 7.4 ppb (95% CI: 6.7, 8.0) in 2000. The Wilcoxon median PM(2.5) 8-hr time-weighted average was 0.56 mg/m(3) (95% CI: 0.37, 0.93) in 1999 and 0.86 mg/m(3) (95% CI: 0.65, 1.07) in 2000. F(E)NO levels during the work week were significantly lower than baseline F(E)NO in 1999 (p < 0.001). A significant inverse exposure-response relationship between log-transformed F(E)NO and the previous workday's PM(2.5) concentration was found in 1999, after adjusting for smoking status, age, and sampling year. With each 1 mg/m(3) incremental increase in PM(2.5) exposure, log F(E)NO decreased by 0.24 (95% CI: -0.38, -0.10) in 1999. The lack of an exposure-response relationship between PM(2.5) exposure and F(E)NO in 2000 could be attributable to exposure misclassification resulting from the use of respirators. In conclusion, occupational exposure to metal-containing fine particulates was associated with significant decreases in F(E)NO in a survey of workers with limited respirator usage. PMID:12727593

  4. Drug patent expirations and the speed of generic entry.

    PubMed Central

    Bae, J P

    1997-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: Using recent data, to analyze the generic drug entry phenomenon to determine the factors that influence the speed and likelihood of generic drug entries. DATA SOURCES: Data for 81 drugs that have lost patent between 1987 and 1994. Patent and exclusive marketing rights expiration dates: Food and Drug Administration's (FDA) Approved Drug Products with Therapeutic Equivalent Evaluations (1986-1989). Generic entry dates: FDA Drug and Device Product Approvals (Jan. 1987-Dec. 1994). Numbers of pending generic applications: FDA Office of Generic Drugs Quantitative Report-ANDAs and AADAs (Nov. 1990-Jan. 1993). Sales revenue: Pharmaceutical Data Services, Walsh-America. STUDY DESIGN: This study appropriately recognizes generic entry as a survival problem, and uses a proportional hazard method for analysis. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: (1) There is a negative relationship between an innovative drug's sales revenue and the time to generic entry. (2) Entries of generics tend to be slower for drugs that have either very few or a very large number of competing brands in the marketplace. (3) The time to generic entry increased overall between 1987 and 1994. (4) Drugs that primarily treat chronic symptoms tend to enter faster than the types of drugs that primarily treat acute illnesses. CONCLUSIONS: The analysis shows that the generic industry is targeting large-revenue products and chronic drug markets. Entry of a generic drug is influenced by the existing branded substitutes in the marketplace. Surprisingly, the generic drug entry process has slowed despite many changes that would facilitate entry. PMID:9108806

  5. A Character Segmentation Proposal for High-Speed Visual Monitoring of Expiration Codes on Beverage Cans

    PubMed Central

    Rodríguez-Rodríguez, José C.; Quesada-Arencibia, Alexis; Moreno-Díaz, Roberto Jr.; García, Carmelo R.

    2016-01-01

    Expiration date labels are ubiquitous in the food industry. With the passage of time, almost any food becomes unhealthy, even when well preserved. The expiration date is estimated based on the type and manufacture/packaging time of that particular food unit. This date is then printed on the container so it is available to the end user at the time of consumption. MONICOD (MONItoring of CODes); an industrial validator of expiration codes; allows the expiration code printed on a drink can to be read. This verification occurs immediately after printing. MONICOD faces difficulties due to the high printing rate (35 cans per second) and problematic lighting caused by the metallic surface on which the code is printed. This article describes a solution that allows MONICOD to extract shapes and presents quantitative results for the speed and quality. PMID:27089340

  6. A Character Segmentation Proposal for High-Speed Visual Monitoring of Expiration Codes on Beverage Cans.

    PubMed

    Rodríguez-Rodríguez, José C; Quesada-Arencibia, Alexis; Moreno-Díaz, Roberto; García, Carmelo R

    2016-01-01

    Expiration date labels are ubiquitous in the food industry. With the passage of time, almost any food becomes unhealthy, even when well preserved. The expiration date is estimated based on the type and manufacture/packaging time of that particular food unit. This date is then printed on the container so it is available to the end user at the time of consumption. MONICOD (MONItoring of CODes); an industrial validator of expiration codes; allows the expiration code printed on a drink can to be read. This verification occurs immediately after printing. MONICOD faces difficulties due to the high printing rate (35 cans per second) and problematic lighting caused by the metallic surface on which the code is printed. This article describes a solution that allows MONICOD to extract shapes and presents quantitative results for the speed and quality. PMID:27089340

  7. Analysis of tracheal noise of forced human expiration according to clinical experimental data

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Korenbaum, V. I.; Pochekutova, I. A.

    2004-09-01

    The analysis of tracheal noise of forced expiration is one of the promising methods for the diagnosis of bronchial patency disorders, which are a sign of such widespread diseases as bronchial asthma and chronic obstructive bronchitis. The aim of this study is the verification and refinement of the acoustic model of forced expiration (Korenbaum et al., 1998) on the basis of a statistical analysis of clinical experimental data. A sample of 127 volunteers (from 18 to 74 years old) is used as an experimental statistical model: 34 persons suffering from bronchial asthma, 21 persons suffering from chronic obstructive bronchitis, 29 healthy persons, and 43 persons liable to developing the aforementioned diseases. The following parameters are analyzed: the total duration of noise of forced expiration at the trachea, the duration of wheeze of forced expiration with frequencies from 400 to 600 Hz, and the presence of narrowband high-frequency (over 600 700 Hz) spectral components at the end of forced expiration and during the whole expiration process. Reliable differences in the parameters of tracheal noise are revealed in the groups under study. The high prognostic value (a sensitivity of 89% and a specificity of 86%) of the parameters of tracheal noise of forced expiration, which were suggested a priori as the diagnostic parameters on the basis of the acoustic model (Korenbaum et al., 1998), indirectly confirms the adequacy of this model. The biomechanical-pathophysiological interpretation of the occurrence of acoustic deviations in the experimental sample groups provides an opportunity to relate the parameters of tracheal noise of forced expiration to the degree of mechanical nonuniformity of the lungs.

  8. What happens to expired medications? A survey of community medication disposal.

    PubMed

    Kuspis, D A; Krenzelok, E P

    1996-02-01

    Improperly disposed-of expired medications pose a significant risk to children. To determine how expired medications are disposed of, 500 callers to our poison information center, 100 community and hospital pharmacies, the state Boards of Pharmacy, and the FDA and EPA were surveyed about medication disposal habits. Of the 500 people polled, 1.4% returned medications to a pharmacy, 54% disposed of medications in the garbage, 35.4% flushed medications down the toilet or sink, 7.2% did not dispose of medications, and 2% related they used all medications before expiration. Of the 100 pharmacies surveyed, all but 3% had specific policies on the disposal of undispensed expired medications, which were usually returned to the producer. Alternative disposal means used for nonreturnable medications were incineration (15%), hazardous waste disposal contracts (17%), and conventional solid waste disposal or down the toilet (68%). Only 5% of the 100 pharmacies had consistent recommendations for their customers on drug disposal; 25% of the pharmacies indicated questions on drug disposal were handled by individual pharmacists only upon consumer request. A variety of drug disposal techniques were encountered in our survey. Pharmacies had specific policies for expired undispensed pharmaceuticals, but lacked uniform guidelines. Little information on the safe disposal of medications was routinely passed on to the public. Uniform guidelines need to be created for the safe disposal of expired medications and should be included in routine consumer education provided by poison information centers and pharmacies.

  9. The effects of breathing with mainly inspiration or expiration on pulmonary function and chest expansion

    PubMed Central

    Woo, Seong-Dae; Kim, Tae-Ho; Lim, Jin-Yong

    2016-01-01

    [Purpose] This study aimed to determine the effects of inspiration- and expiration-oriented breathing on pulmonary function and chest expansion. [Subjects and Methods] Twenty healthy male university students were divided randomly into inspiration-oriented and expiration-oriented breathing groups. Their pulmonary function and chest size during inspiration or expiration were evaluated and then re-evaluated after 15 minutes of breathing exercise five times a week for four weeks. [Results] The breathing with mainly inspiration group (BMIG) showed significant differences in chest size during inspiration (CSI), chest expansion values (CEVs), forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1), and peak expiratory flow (PEF) after four weeks. The breathing with mainly expiration group (BMEG) showed significant differences in all measured variables except CSI. Comparison of the groups after exercise showed that the BMEG demonstrated differences from the BMIG in chest size during expiration (CSE), CEV, and PEF. Comparison of the changes in variables after exercise showed that the BMEG demonstrated significantly different changes in CSE, CEV, FEV1/FVC, and PEF. The BMIG showed a significantly different change in FVC. [Conclusion] Although both groups demonstrated improvements in pulmonary function and chest expansion, inter-group differences were observed. Therefore, inspiration- or expiration-oriented breathing may be recommended differently according to the desired outcome. PMID:27134386

  10. ICD restudy: results and potential benefit from routine predischarge and 2-month evaluation.

    PubMed

    Higgins, S L; Rich, D H; Haygood, J R; Barone, J; Greer, S L; Meyer, D B

    1998-02-01

    Evaluation of ICD function can now be performed noninvasively with intravenous sedation. To determine the value of follow-up electrophysiological studies for ICD implants, we performed a retrospective review of predischarge and 2-month ICD re studies, identifying critical problems uncovered. Of the 123 patients implanted, 122 had a predischarge study, 105 had both predischarge and elective 2-month follow-up studies, and 1 patient expired prior to restudy. Patients who underwent 2-month studies for nonelective indications (e.g., frequent shocks) were excluded from analysis. Programming changes were made in 62% of the predischarge studies (n = 122) and 70% of the elective 2-month studies (n = 105). The average number of programming changes per study was 1.3 for predischarge testing and 1.1 for 2-month testing. The most common changes at predischarge testing were adjustment of the tachyarrhythmia rate cutoff (35%) and at 2-month study, reprogramming of bradycardia pacing parameters (41%). Of the patients who underwent both predischarge and 2-month testing, 91% had programming changes in at least one of their re studies. Of 227 re studies performed, 18 studies in 14 patients yielded 24 critical findings which included: DFT increases to > or = 25 J (n = 13); sensing abnormalities of induced ventricular arrhythmia (n = 6); dislodged lead (n = 2); and serious pacemaker interactions (n = 3). Six of these critical cases (5% of total patients) required reoperation. The data suggests that routine ICD restudy is a valuable tool for management of the ICD patient. Additionally, ICD restudy is likely to increase the diagnostic yield of clinically silent critical system problems that could result in device failure.

  11. Importance of airway closure in limiting maximal expiration in normal man.

    PubMed

    Davis, C; Campbell, E J; Openshaw, P; Pride, N B; Woodroof, G

    1980-04-01

    To elucidate the importance of airway closure in limiting maximum expiration, two complementary plethysmographic techniques have been used to estimate the volume of and pressure within the trapped thoracic gas. Three young (19-23 yr) and three older (43-66 yr) subjects were studied. The first study defined the curve of possible pressure-volume relationships for the trapped gas; the second study attempted to estimate the volume of trapped gas. In the first study the subject in a Mead plethysmograph expired through a pneumotachograph and back into the box. A reduction in box volume greater than that caused by drying and cooling of expired gas implies gas compression due mainly to airway closure. In the second study a known volume of air was withdrawn from the mouth at full expiration and changes in box volume and mouth pressure were recorded. The apparent volume in pressure communication with the mouth (Vpc) was calculated using Boyle's law. In the young subjects we did not detect thoracic gas compression although there was evidence of trapped gas (RV-Vpc greater than 0). In the older subjects there was a larger volume of trapped gas that was compressed to pressures of more than 22 cmH2O. Airway closure appears to limit maximal expiration in older subjects. PMID:7380692

  12. Multifaceted regenerative lives of expired platelets in the second decade of the 21st century.

    PubMed

    Burnouf, Thierry; Goubran, Hadi Alphonse; Seghatchian, Jerard

    2014-10-01

    A traditional concept in transfusion medicine is the expiration of platelet concentrates 5-7 days after collection due to storage conditions that favor the risks of bacterial contamination and may lead to a gradual alteration of platelet hemostatic power. Newer findings are strongly suggesting that, after their supposed expiration date, platelet concentrates still contain multiple functional growth factors and cytokines and actually have unaltered power for application in regenerative medicine and cell therapy. Expired platelets can be a valuable source of growth factors to promote the healing of wounds, and can be used for ex vivo expansion of stem cells. There is also preliminary evidence that infusible platelet membrane (IPM) from outdated platelet concentrates and thrombosomes have potential clinical applications as hemostatic products. Experimental work is certainly needed to further validate and standardize the clinical potential of "expired" platelet blood products in human clinical medicine. However, strong evidence accumulates toward a potential for further manufacturing avenues of expired platelet concentrates into valuable therapeutic and clinically relevant products.

  13. PCR-based detection of salivary bacteria as a marker of expirated blood.

    PubMed

    Power, Daniel A; Cordiner, Stephen J; Kieser, Jules A; Tompkins, Geoffrey R; Horswell, Jacqui

    2010-06-01

    Distinguishing between bloodstains caused by a spatter pattern or by expirated blood may be crucial to a forensic investigation. Expirated blood is likely to be contaminated with saliva but current techniques have limited sensitivity, especially with small bloodstains. We report that a PCR assay, designed to detect salivary bacteria, can amplify streptococcal DNA from saliva stains applied to fabrics for at least 62 days after seeding. Bacterial DNA was detected when 0.01 microl of saliva was present in the stain and the amplification was not affected by contamination with blood. These findings indicate that PCR amplification of salivary microbial DNA may have application in the identification of expirated bloodstains in forensic case-work.

  14. Electric power monthly

    SciTech Connect

    Smith, Sandra R.; Johnson, Melvin; McClevey, Kenneth; Calopedis, Stephen; Bolden, Deborah

    1992-05-01

    The Electric Power Monthly is prepared by the Survey Management Division; Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels, Energy Information Administration (EIA), Department of Energy. This publication provides monthly statistics at the national, Census division, and State levels for net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and quality of fuel, cost of fuel, electricity sales, revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. Data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fuel are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. Additionally, statistics by company and plant are published in the EPM on capability of new plants, new generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and quality of fuel, and cost of fuel.

  15. Is herpes zoster an additional complication in old age alongside comorbidity and multiple medications? Results of the post hoc analysis of the 12-month longitudinal prospective observational ARIZONA cohort study

    PubMed Central

    Pickering, Gisèle; Gavazzi, Gaëtan; Gaillat, Jacques; Paccalin, Marc; Bloch, Karine; Bouhassira, Didier

    2016-01-01

    Objectives To examine the burden of comorbidity, polypharmacy and herpes zoster (HZ), an infectious disease, and its main complication post-herpetic neuralgia (PHN) in young (50–70 years of age: 70−) and old (≥70 years of age: 70+) patients. Design Post hoc analysis of the results of the 12-month longitudinal prospective multicentre observational ARIZONA cohort study. Settings and participants The study took place in primary care in France from 20 November 2006 to 12 September 2008. Overall, 644 general practitioners (GPs) collected data from 1358 patients aged 50 years or more with acute eruptive HZ. Outcome measures Presence of HZ-related pain or PHN (pain persisting >3 months) was documented at day 0 and at months 3, 6, and 12. To investigate HZ and PHN burden, pain, quality of life (QoL) and mood were self-assessed using validated questionnaires (Zoster Brief Pain Inventory, 12-item Short-Form health survey and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, respectively). Results As compared with younger patients, older patients more frequently presented with comorbidities, more frequently took analgesics and had poorer response on all questionnaires, indicating greater burden, at inclusion. Analgesics were more frequently prescribed to relieve acute pain or PHN in 70+ than 70− patients. Despite higher levels of medication prescription, poorer pain relief and poorer response to all questionnaires were reported in 70+ than 70− patients. Conclusions Occurrence of HZ and progression to PHN adds extra burden on top of pharmacological treatment and impaired quality of life, especially in older patients who already have health problems to cope with in everyday life. PMID:26892790

  16. 78 FR 53422 - Notice of Request for Revision to and Reinstatement of an Expired Information Collection; Bees...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-29

    ... Reinstatement of an Expired Information Collection; Bees and Related Articles AGENCY: Animal and Plant Health... expired information collection associated with the regulations for the importation of bees and related... coming. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: For information on the regulations for the importation of...

  17. 45 CFR 2540.550 - Is there an expiration date on approvals for use of national service insignia?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Is there an expiration date on approvals for use of national service insignia? 2540.550 Section 2540.550 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public... Restrictions on Use of National Service Insignia § 2540.550 Is there an expiration date on approvals for use...

  18. 45 CFR 2540.550 - Is there an expiration date on approvals for use of national service insignia?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Is there an expiration date on approvals for use of national service insignia? 2540.550 Section 2540.550 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public... Restrictions on Use of National Service Insignia § 2540.550 Is there an expiration date on approvals for use...

  19. 45 CFR 2540.550 - Is there an expiration date on approvals for use of national service insignia?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Is there an expiration date on approvals for use of national service insignia? 2540.550 Section 2540.550 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public... Restrictions on Use of National Service Insignia § 2540.550 Is there an expiration date on approvals for use...

  20. [Expiration of endogenous aerosol in chronic bronchitis and bronchial asthma patients].

    PubMed

    Dobrykh, V A

    1987-01-01

    The amount of expired endogenous aerosol in liquid drop and solid phases, 0.1-10.0 micron in diameter, in patients exceeded the normal indices. The nature of solid aerosol particle distribution by sizes was related to a degree of bronchial obstruction. The amount of both types of aerosols showed correlation with the amount of expectorated sputum.

  1. 9 CFR 114.14 - Extension of expiration date for a serial or subserial.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... PRODUCTION REQUIREMENTS FOR BIOLOGICAL PRODUCTS § 114.14 Extension of expiration date for a serial or... allowed in the filed Outline of Production. (1) Serials are approved for redating under the condition that... serial or subserial. 114.14 Section 114.14 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH...

  2. 9 CFR 114.14 - Extension of expiration date for a serial or subserial.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... PRODUCTION REQUIREMENTS FOR BIOLOGICAL PRODUCTS § 114.14 Extension of expiration date for a serial or... allowed in the filed Outline of Production. (1) Serials are approved for redating under the condition that... serial or subserial. 114.14 Section 114.14 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH...

  3. 9 CFR 114.14 - Extension of expiration date for a serial or subserial.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... serial or subserial. 114.14 Section 114.14 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION... PRODUCTION REQUIREMENTS FOR BIOLOGICAL PRODUCTS § 114.14 Extension of expiration date for a serial or subserial. (a) Unless otherwise provided for in a filed Outline of Production for the product,...

  4. 37 CFR 2.196 - Times for taking action: Expiration on Saturday, Sunday or Federal holiday.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...: Expiration on Saturday, Sunday or Federal holiday. 2.196 Section 2.196 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights... Saturday, Sunday or Federal holiday. Whenever periods of time are specified in this part in days, calendar... taking any action or paying any fee in the Office falls on a Saturday, Sunday, or Federal holiday...

  5. 37 CFR 1.7 - Times for taking action; Expiration on Saturday, Sunday or Federal holiday.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...; Expiration on Saturday, Sunday or Federal holiday. 1.7 Section 1.7 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights UNITED... Saturday, Sunday or Federal holiday. (a) Whenever periods of time are specified in this part in days..., Sunday, or on a Federal holiday within the District of Columbia, the action may be taken, or the fee...

  6. 37 CFR 2.196 - Times for taking action: Expiration on Saturday, Sunday or Federal holiday.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...: Expiration on Saturday, Sunday or Federal holiday. 2.196 Section 2.196 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights... Saturday, Sunday or Federal holiday. Whenever periods of time are specified in this part in days, calendar... taking any action or paying any fee in the Office falls on a Saturday, Sunday, or Federal holiday...

  7. 37 CFR 2.196 - Times for taking action: Expiration on Saturday, Sunday or Federal holiday.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...: Expiration on Saturday, Sunday or Federal holiday. 2.196 Section 2.196 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights... Saturday, Sunday or Federal holiday. Whenever periods of time are specified in this part in days, calendar... taking any action or paying any fee in the Office falls on a Saturday, Sunday, or Federal holiday...

  8. 15 CFR 908.15 - Times for taking action; expiration on Saturday, Sunday, or holiday.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Saturday, Sunday, or holiday. 908.15 Section 908.15 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations Relating to... § 908.15 Times for taking action; expiration on Saturday, Sunday, or holiday. Whenever periods of time... under these rules for taking any action falls on a Saturday, Sunday, or on a Federal holiday, the...

  9. 37 CFR 1.7 - Times for taking action; Expiration on Saturday, Sunday or Federal holiday.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...; Expiration on Saturday, Sunday or Federal holiday. 1.7 Section 1.7 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights UNITED... Saturday, Sunday or Federal holiday. (a) Whenever periods of time are specified in this part in days..., Sunday, or on a Federal holiday within the District of Columbia, the action may be taken, or the fee...

  10. 37 CFR 1.7 - Times for taking action; Expiration on Saturday, Sunday or Federal holiday.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...; Expiration on Saturday, Sunday or Federal holiday. 1.7 Section 1.7 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights UNITED... Saturday, Sunday or Federal holiday. (a) Whenever periods of time are specified in this part in days..., Sunday, or on a Federal holiday within the District of Columbia, the action may be taken, or the fee...

  11. 15 CFR 908.15 - Times for taking action; expiration on Saturday, Sunday, or holiday.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... Saturday, Sunday, or holiday. 908.15 Section 908.15 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations Relating to... ACTIVITIES § 908.15 Times for taking action; expiration on Saturday, Sunday, or holiday. Whenever periods of..., fixed under these rules for taking any action falls on a Saturday, Sunday, or on a Federal holiday,...

  12. 15 CFR 908.15 - Times for taking action; expiration on Saturday, Sunday, or holiday.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... Saturday, Sunday, or holiday. 908.15 Section 908.15 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations Relating to... § 908.15 Times for taking action; expiration on Saturday, Sunday, or holiday. Whenever periods of time... under these rules for taking any action falls on a Saturday, Sunday, or on a Federal holiday, the...

  13. 37 CFR 1.7 - Times for taking action; Expiration on Saturday, Sunday or Federal holiday.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...; Expiration on Saturday, Sunday or Federal holiday. 1.7 Section 1.7 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights UNITED... Saturday, Sunday or Federal holiday. (a) Whenever periods of time are specified in this part in days..., Sunday, or on a Federal holiday within the District of Columbia, the action may be taken, or the fee...

  14. 37 CFR 2.196 - Times for taking action: Expiration on Saturday, Sunday or Federal holiday.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...: Expiration on Saturday, Sunday or Federal holiday. 2.196 Section 2.196 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights... Saturday, Sunday or Federal holiday. Whenever periods of time are specified in this part in days, calendar... taking any action or paying any fee in the Office falls on a Saturday, Sunday, or Federal holiday...

  15. 15 CFR 908.15 - Times for taking action; expiration on Saturday, Sunday, or holiday.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... Saturday, Sunday, or holiday. 908.15 Section 908.15 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations Relating to... § 908.15 Times for taking action; expiration on Saturday, Sunday, or holiday. Whenever periods of time... under these rules for taking any action falls on a Saturday, Sunday, or on a Federal holiday, the...

  16. 15 CFR 908.15 - Times for taking action; expiration on Saturday, Sunday, or holiday.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Saturday, Sunday, or holiday. 908.15 Section 908.15 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations Relating to... § 908.15 Times for taking action; expiration on Saturday, Sunday, or holiday. Whenever periods of time... under these rules for taking any action falls on a Saturday, Sunday, or on a Federal holiday, the...

  17. 37 CFR 1.7 - Times for taking action; Expiration on Saturday, Sunday or Federal holiday.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...; Expiration on Saturday, Sunday or Federal holiday. 1.7 Section 1.7 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights UNITED... Saturday, Sunday or Federal holiday. (a) Whenever periods of time are specified in this part in days..., Sunday, or on a Federal holiday within the District of Columbia, the action may be taken, or the fee...

  18. 37 CFR 2.196 - Times for taking action: Expiration on Saturday, Sunday or Federal holiday.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...: Expiration on Saturday, Sunday or Federal holiday. 2.196 Section 2.196 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights... Saturday, Sunday or Federal holiday. Whenever periods of time are specified in this part in days, calendar... taking any action or paying any fee in the Office falls on a Saturday, Sunday, or Federal holiday...

  19. 21 CFR 1301.13 - Application for registration; time for application; expiration date; registration for independent...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... treatment program is first registered, that business activity shall be assigned to one of twelve groups... these business activities to a group, the Administration may select a group the expiration date of which is less than one year from the date such business activity was registered. If the business...

  20. Characterising the dynamics of expirated bloodstain pattern formation using high-speed digital video imaging.

    PubMed

    Donaldson, Andrea E; Walker, Nicole K; Lamont, Iain L; Cordiner, Stephen J; Taylor, Michael C

    2011-11-01

    During forensic investigations, it is often important to be able to distinguish between impact spatter patterns (blood from gunshots, explosives, blunt force trauma and/or machinery accidents) and bloodstain patterns generated by expiration (blood from the mouth, nose or lungs). These patterns can be difficult to distinguish on the basis of the size of the bloodstains. In this study, high-speed digital video imaging has been used to investigate the formation of expirated bloodstain patterns generated by breathing, spitting and coughing mechanisms. Bloodstain patterns from all three expiration mechanisms were dominated by the presence of stains less than 0.5 mm in diameter. Video analysis showed that in the process of coughing blood, high-velocity, very small blood droplets were ejected first. These were followed by lower velocity, larger droplets, strands and plumes of liquid held together in part by saliva. The video images showed the formation of bubble rings and beaded stains, traditional markers for classifying expirated patterns. However, the expulsion mechanism, the distance travelled by the blood droplets, and the type of surface the blood was deposited on were all factors determining whether beaded stains were generated.

  1. 20 CFR 416.1597 - Reinstatement after suspension-period of suspension expired.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Reinstatement after suspension-period of suspension expired. 416.1597 Section 416.1597 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION SUPPLEMENTAL SECURITY INCOME FOR THE AGED, BLIND, AND DISABLED Representation of Parties § 416.1597 Reinstatement...

  2. 20 CFR 416.1599 - Reinstatement after suspension or disqualification-period of suspension not expired.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Reinstatement after suspension or disqualification-period of suspension not expired. 416.1599 Section 416.1599 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION SUPPLEMENTAL SECURITY INCOME FOR THE AGED, BLIND, AND DISABLED Representation of Parties §...

  3. 20 CFR 404.1797 - Reinstatement after suspension-period of suspension expired.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Reinstatement after suspension-period of suspension expired. 404.1797 Section 404.1797 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION FEDERAL OLD-AGE, SURVIVORS AND DISABILITY INSURANCE (1950- ) Representation of Parties § 404.1797...

  4. 20 CFR 404.1799 - Reinstatement after suspension or disqualification-period of suspension not expired.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Reinstatement after suspension or disqualification-period of suspension not expired. 404.1799 Section 404.1799 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION FEDERAL OLD-AGE, SURVIVORS AND DISABILITY INSURANCE (1950- ) Representation of Parties §...

  5. 20 CFR 416.1599 - Reinstatement after suspension or disqualification-period of suspension not expired.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Reinstatement after suspension or disqualification-period of suspension not expired. 416.1599 Section 416.1599 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION SUPPLEMENTAL SECURITY INCOME FOR THE AGED, BLIND, AND DISABLED Representation of Parties §...

  6. 20 CFR 404.1797 - Reinstatement after suspension-period of suspension expired.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Reinstatement after suspension-period of suspension expired. 404.1797 Section 404.1797 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION FEDERAL OLD-AGE, SURVIVORS AND DISABILITY INSURANCE (1950- ) Representation of Parties § 404.1797...

  7. 20 CFR 416.1597 - Reinstatement after suspension-period of suspension expired.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Reinstatement after suspension-period of suspension expired. 416.1597 Section 416.1597 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION SUPPLEMENTAL SECURITY INCOME FOR THE AGED, BLIND, AND DISABLED Representation of Parties § 416.1597 Reinstatement...

  8. 20 CFR 404.1799 - Reinstatement after suspension or disqualification-period of suspension not expired.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Reinstatement after suspension or disqualification-period of suspension not expired. 404.1799 Section 404.1799 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION FEDERAL OLD-AGE, SURVIVORS AND DISABILITY INSURANCE (1950- ) Representation of Parties §...

  9. 22 CFR 211.11 - Suspension, termination, and expiration of program.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Suspension, termination, and expiration of program. 211.11 Section 211.11 Foreign Relations AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT TRANSFER OF FOOD COMMODITIES FOR FOOD USE IN DISASTER RELIEF, ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT AND OTHER ASSISTANCE § 211.11...

  10. 76 FR 46801 - Modification of the Expiration Date for the National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-03

    ... Regulatory History Section 402(p) of the Clean Water Act (CWA) directs EPA to develop a phased approach to... 4 CGP expiration date. ] Authority: Clean Water Act, 33 U.S.C. 1251 et seq. Signed this 25th day of... Michael Mitchell of the Stormwater and Nonpoint Source Section, Water Protection Division,...

  11. 77 FR 25506 - Submission for Review: Expiring Information Collection, Interview Survey Form, INV 10

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-30

    ... during background investigations when investigators have performed fieldwork. The INV 10 is used as a... a survey link, via the internet, to provide the INV 10 recipient an alternative, response option... MANAGEMENT Submission for Review: Expiring Information Collection, Interview Survey Form, INV 10 AGENCY:...

  12. 18 CFR 16.4 - Acceleration of a license expiration date.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Acceleration of a... TAKEOVER AND RELICENSING OF LICENSED PROJECTS General Provisions § 16.4 Acceleration of a license expiration date. (a) Request for acceleration. (1) A licensee may file with the Commission, in...

  13. 18 CFR 16.4 - Acceleration of a license expiration date.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Acceleration of a... TAKEOVER AND RELICENSING OF LICENSED PROJECTS General Provisions § 16.4 Acceleration of a license expiration date. (a) Request for acceleration. (1) A licensee may file with the Commission, in...

  14. 18 CFR 16.4 - Acceleration of a license expiration date.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Acceleration of a... TAKEOVER AND RELICENSING OF LICENSED PROJECTS General Provisions § 16.4 Acceleration of a license expiration date. (a) Request for acceleration. (1) A licensee may file with the Commission, in...

  15. 18 CFR 16.4 - Acceleration of a license expiration date.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Acceleration of a... TAKEOVER AND RELICENSING OF LICENSED PROJECTS General Provisions § 16.4 Acceleration of a license expiration date. (a) Request for acceleration. (1) A licensee may file with the Commission, in...

  16. 18 CFR 16.4 - Acceleration of a license expiration date.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Acceleration of a... TAKEOVER AND RELICENSING OF LICENSED PROJECTS General Provisions § 16.4 Acceleration of a license expiration date. (a) Request for acceleration. (1) A licensee may file with the Commission, in...

  17. 13 CFR 120.850 - Expiration of Associate Development Company designation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Development Company designation. 120.850 Section 120.850 Business Credit and Assistance SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION BUSINESS LOANS Development Company Loan Program (504) Associate Development Companies (adcs) § 120.850 Expiration of Associate Development Company designation. The designation of Associate...

  18. 14 CFR 61.11 - Expired pilot certificates and re-issuance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... pilot certificates and ratings have expired and will not be reissued: (1) An airline transport pilot certificate issued before May 1, 1949, or an airline transport pilot certificate that contains a horsepower... with a lighter-than-air or free-balloon rating issued before July 1, 1945. (c) An airline...

  19. 14 CFR 61.11 - Expired pilot certificates and re-issuance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... pilot certificates and ratings have expired and will not be reissued: (1) An airline transport pilot certificate issued before May 1, 1949, or an airline transport pilot certificate that contains a horsepower... with a lighter-than-air or free-balloon rating issued before July 1, 1945. (c) An airline...

  20. 14 CFR 61.11 - Expired pilot certificates and re-issuance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... pilot certificates and ratings have expired and will not be reissued: (1) An airline transport pilot certificate issued before May 1, 1949, or an airline transport pilot certificate that contains a horsepower... with a lighter-than-air or free-balloon rating issued before July 1, 1945. (c) An airline...

  1. 14 CFR 61.11 - Expired pilot certificates and re-issuance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... pilot certificates and ratings have expired and will not be reissued: (1) An airline transport pilot certificate issued before May 1, 1949, or an airline transport pilot certificate that contains a horsepower... with a lighter-than-air or free-balloon rating issued before July 1, 1945. (c) An airline...

  2. 77 FR 25179 - Patient Safety Organizations: Expired Listing for Medkinetics, LLC

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-27

    ... mission and primary activity is to conduct activities to improve patient safety and the quality of health..., aggregate, and analyze confidential information regarding the quality and safety of health care delivery... HUMAN SERVICES Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Patient Safety Organizations: Expired...

  3. 37 CFR 7.30 - Effect of cancellation or expiration of international registration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 37 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Effect of cancellation or expiration of international registration. 7.30 Section 7.30 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights UNITED STATES... registered extension of protection to the United States. The date of cancellation of an extension...

  4. 37 CFR 7.30 - Effect of cancellation or expiration of international registration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 37 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Effect of cancellation or expiration of international registration. 7.30 Section 7.30 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights UNITED STATES... registered extension of protection to the United States. The date of cancellation of an extension...

  5. 37 CFR 7.30 - Effect of cancellation or expiration of international registration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 37 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Effect of cancellation or expiration of international registration. 7.30 Section 7.30 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights UNITED STATES... registered extension of protection to the United States. The date of cancellation of an extension...

  6. 18 CFR 16.3 - Public notice of projects under expiring licenses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Public notice of projects under expiring licenses. 16.3 Section 16.3 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION, DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY REGULATIONS UNDER THE FEDERAL POWER ACT PROCEDURES RELATING TO TAKEOVER AND RELICENSING OF...

  7. 24 CFR 969.107 - HUD approval of demolition or disposition before ACC expiration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false HUD approval of demolition or disposition before ACC expiration. 969.107 Section 969.107 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development (Continued) OFFICE OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR PUBLIC AND INDIAN HOUSING, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND...

  8. 46 CFR 153.902 - Expiration and invalidation of the Certificate of Compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 5 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Expiration and invalidation of the Certificate of Compliance. 153.902 Section 153.902 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) CERTAIN BULK DANGEROUS CARGOES SHIPS CARRYING BULK LIQUID, LIQUEFIED GAS, OR COMPRESSED GAS HAZARDOUS MATERIALS Operations Documents and Cargo...

  9. 23 CFR 1200.30 - Expiration of the right to incur costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Expiration of the right to incur costs. 1200.30 Section 1200.30 Highways NATIONAL HIGHWAY TRAFFIC SAFETY ADMINISTRATION AND FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION PROCEDURES FOR STATE HIGHWAY SAFETY PROGRAMS UNIFORM PROCEDURES FOR STATE HIGHWAY SAFETY PROGRAMS Closeout §...

  10. 24 CFR 3286.313 - Expiration and renewal of trainer qualification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 5 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Expiration and renewal of trainer qualification. 3286.313 Section 3286.313 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development (Continued) OFFICE OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR HOUSING-FEDERAL HOUSING COMMISSIONER, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND...

  11. 48 CFR 22.404-5 - Expiration of project wage determinations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Expiration of project wage determinations. 22.404-5 Section 22.404-5 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION SOCIOECONOMIC PROGRAMS APPLICATION OF LABOR LAWS TO GOVERNMENT ACQUISITIONS Labor Standards for Contracts Involving Construction...

  12. 75 FR 81377 - Prohibited Service at Savings and Loan Holding Companies; Reinstitution of Expiration Date of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-28

    ..., Marvin Shaw, Senior Attorney, Regulations and Legislation Division, (202) 906-6639, Office of Thrift... has extended the expiration date several times, most recently to September 30, 2010 (74 FR 14457). OTS... Act of 1994 (CDRIA) do not apply. \\2\\ 72 FR at 25953. Regulatory Flexibility Act For the...

  13. Physiological and pathological considerations for aerosol deposition: expiration and models of deposition.

    PubMed

    Smaldone, G C

    2000-01-01

    Theoretical models are often used to predict fractional and regional deposition of inhaled particles in the respiratory tract. The distribution of particle diameters in the aerosol, airway geometry, breathing pattern, and local flow profiles are major determinants of deposition in the lung. However, most models predicting deposition consider airway geometry to be fixed and concentrate on inspiratory events in their calculations. When particle losses during expiration are estimated, inspiratory and expiratory flow patterns and airspace geometry are usually considered to be similar with similar effects on deposition. The theme of this presentation will be the analysis of events during expiration that influence particle deposition. In the normal lung, during quiet breathing, experiments performed on excised lungs have suggested that convective forces may be different between inspiration and expiration that significantly affect deposition. Bennett and Smaldone, in excised dog lungs, by regulating the duty cycle of tidal breathing found that more particles deposited during inspiration than expiration and that the effects were density dependent. In human subjects with obstructive lung disease, the situation is reversed. Major differences in large airway geometry between inspiration and expiration can occur with each tidal breath. Once the FEV(1) decreases to about 60% of the FVC, flow-limiting segments (FLS) are known to form in central airways. Large pressure drops can occur over short lengths of airway indicating disturbed regions of convective streamlines that are not present during inspiration. Using radiolabeled monodisperse particles, Smaldone and Messina have determined that FLS can be a major determinant of deposition in central airways. Theoretical predictive models of particle deposition and clearance should consider inspiratory and expiratory differences in airway physiology in health and disease.

  14. Evaluation of the conversion degree, microhardness, and surface roughness of composite resins used after their expiration date.

    PubMed

    Garcia, Lucas da Fonseca Roberti; Roselino, Lourenco de Moraes Rego; Pires-de-Souza, Fernanda de Carvalho Panzeri; Consani, Simonides

    2010-01-01

    This study evaluated the conversion degree associated with microhardness and surface roughness of four composite resins used 180 days before and after their expiration dates. Ten specimens of each composite were made in a Teflon matrix (2 mm x 7 mm), separated into two groups (n = 10), and submitted to Vickers microhardness (a 10 N load for 15 seconds), R(a)roughness (cut-off 0.25 mm), and conversion degree evaluation. The data submitted to the two-way ANOVA (p < 0.05) showed a reduction in microhardness for the composites used after their expiration dates. It was concluded that the expired composites had altered properties. PMID:21062711

  15. Technologies for Clinical Diagnosis Using Expired Human Breath Analysis.

    PubMed

    Mathew, Thalakkotur Lazar; Pownraj, Prabhahari; Abdulla, Sukhananazerin; Pullithadathil, Biji

    2015-01-01

    This review elucidates the technologies in the field of exhaled breath analysis. Exhaled breath gas analysis offers an inexpensive, noninvasive and rapid method for detecting a large number of compounds under various conditions for health and disease states. There are various techniques to analyze some exhaled breath gases, including spectrometry, gas chromatography and spectroscopy. This review places emphasis on some of the critical biomarkers present in exhaled human breath, and its related effects. Additionally, various medical monitoring techniques used for breath analysis have been discussed. It also includes the current scenario of breath analysis with nanotechnology-oriented techniques. PMID:26854142

  16. Technologies for Clinical Diagnosis Using Expired Human Breath Analysis

    PubMed Central

    Mathew, Thalakkotur Lazar; Pownraj, Prabhahari; Abdulla, Sukhananazerin; Pullithadathil, Biji

    2015-01-01

    This review elucidates the technologies in the field of exhaled breath analysis. Exhaled breath gas analysis offers an inexpensive, noninvasive and rapid method for detecting a large number of compounds under various conditions for health and disease states. There are various techniques to analyze some exhaled breath gases, including spectrometry, gas chromatography and spectroscopy. This review places emphasis on some of the critical biomarkers present in exhaled human breath, and its related effects. Additionally, various medical monitoring techniques used for breath analysis have been discussed. It also includes the current scenario of breath analysis with nanotechnology-oriented techniques. PMID:26854142

  17. Effects of expiration of the Federal energy tax credit on the National Photovoltaics Program

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Smith, J. L.

    1984-01-01

    Projected 1986 sales are significantly reduced as a direct result of system price increases following from expiration of the Federal energy tax credits. There would be greatly reduced emphasis on domestic electric utility applications. Indirect effects arising from unrealized economies of scale and reduced private investment in PV research and development (R&D) and in production facilities could have a very large cumulative adverse impact on the U.S. PV industry. The industry forecasts as much as fourfold reduction in 1990 sales if tax credits expire, compared with what sales would be with the credits. Because the National Photovoltaics Program is explicitly structured as a government partnership, large changes in the motivation or funding of either partner can affect Program success profoundly. Reduced industry participation implies that such industry tasks as industrialization and new product development would slow or halt. Those research areas receiving heavy R&D support from private PV manufacturers would be adversely affected.

  18. Stability studies of expired tablets of metoprolol tartrate and propranolol hydrochloride. Part 1. Content determination.

    PubMed

    Jasińska, Magdalena; Karwowski, Bolesław; Orszulak-Michalak, Daria; Kurczewska, Urszula

    2009-01-01

    In recent years the growing interest in drug stability problem has been observed. The stability of pharmaceutical products seems to play an important role from the economical point of view. However, there are not many studies that reported about the stability of drugs past their expiration dates. The objective of the current study was to determine tablet content of expired tablets and tablets with expiry date has not been exceeded. The analyzed tablets contained metoprolol tartrate (50 mg) and propranolol hydrochloride (10 mg), respectively. Content determination was performed using HPLC method with UV detection. The proposed method was validated with regard to linearity, sensitivity, intermediate accuracy and precision. No discrepancies between the results of determination and the declared values range for all the analyzed tablets were observed. The results of performed study might suggest that storage of analyzed batches of tablets over time period exceeding the expiry date given by the manufacturer did not influence their contents. PMID:20050534

  19. Benchmarking monthly homogenization algorithms

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Venema, V. K. C.; Mestre, O.; Aguilar, E.; Auer, I.; Guijarro, J. A.; Domonkos, P.; Vertacnik, G.; Szentimrey, T.; Stepanek, P.; Zahradnicek, P.; Viarre, J.; Müller-Westermeier, G.; Lakatos, M.; Williams, C. N.; Menne, M.; Lindau, R.; Rasol, D.; Rustemeier, E.; Kolokythas, K.; Marinova, T.; Andresen, L.; Acquaotta, F.; Fratianni, S.; Cheval, S.; Klancar, M.; Brunetti, M.; Gruber, C.; Prohom Duran, M.; Likso, T.; Esteban, P.; Brandsma, T.

    2011-08-01

    The COST (European Cooperation in Science and Technology) Action ES0601: Advances in homogenization methods of climate series: an integrated approach (HOME) has executed a blind intercomparison and validation study for monthly homogenization algorithms. Time series of monthly temperature and precipitation were evaluated because of their importance for climate studies and because they represent two important types of statistics (additive and multiplicative). The algorithms were validated against a realistic benchmark dataset. The benchmark contains real inhomogeneous data as well as simulated data with inserted inhomogeneities. Random break-type inhomogeneities were added to the simulated datasets modeled as a Poisson process with normally distributed breakpoint sizes. To approximate real world conditions, breaks were introduced that occur simultaneously in multiple station series within a simulated network of station data. The simulated time series also contained outliers, missing data periods and local station trends. Further, a stochastic nonlinear global (network-wide) trend was added. Participants provided 25 separate homogenized contributions as part of the blind study as well as 22 additional solutions submitted after the details of the imposed inhomogeneities were revealed. These homogenized datasets were assessed by a number of performance metrics including (i) the centered root mean square error relative to the true homogeneous value at various averaging scales, (ii) the error in linear trend estimates and (iii) traditional contingency skill scores. The metrics were computed both using the individual station series as well as the network average regional series. The performance of the contributions depends significantly on the error metric considered. Contingency scores by themselves are not very informative. Although relative homogenization algorithms typically improve the homogeneity of temperature data, only the best ones improve precipitation data

  20. Extension of Expiration Dates for Four Body System Listings. Final rule.

    PubMed

    2016-08-01

    We are extending the expiration dates of the following body systems in the Listing of Impairments (listings) in our regulations: Musculoskeletal System, Cardiovascular System, Digestive System, and Skin Disorders. We are making no other revisions to these body systems in this final rule. This extension ensures that we will continue to have the criteria we need to evaluate impairments in the affected body systems at step three of the sequential evaluation processes for initial claims and continuing disability reviews. PMID:27487579

  1. Extension of Expiration Dates for Two Body System Listings. Final rule.

    PubMed

    2016-05-24

    We are extending the expiration dates of the following body systems in the Listing of Impairments (listings) in our regulations: Endocrine Disorders and Immune System Disorders. We are making no other revisions to these body systems in this final rule. This extension ensures that we will continue to have the criteria we need to evaluate impairments in the affected body systems at step three of the sequential evaluation processes for initial claims and continuing disability reviews. PMID:27220121

  2. 25 CFR 503.2 - Display of control numbers and expiration dates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... CFR Currently assigned OMB control numbers Expiration date § 514.1 (submission of fee reports) 3141...) 3141-0001 7/31/95 § 571.12 (audits) 3141-0001 7/31/95 § 571.13 (audits) 3141-0001 7/31/95 § 571.14 (audit reconciliation) 3141-0001 7/31/95 § 575.5 (information to Chairman) 3141-0001 7/31/95 §...

  3. Approach to recognition of flexible form for credit card expiration date recognition as example

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sheshkus, Alexander; Nikolaev, Dmitry P.; Ingacheva, Anastasia; Skoryukina, Natalya

    2015-12-01

    In this paper we consider a task of finding information fields within document with flexible form for credit card expiration date field as example. We discuss main difficulties and suggest possible solutions. In our case this task is to be solved on mobile devices therefore computational complexity has to be as low as possible. In this paper we provide results of the analysis of suggested algorithm. Error distribution of the recognition system shows that suggested algorithm solves the task with required accuracy.

  4. Extension of expiration dates for two body system listings. Final rule.

    PubMed

    2013-09-01

    We are extending the expiration dates of the following body systems in the Listing of Impairments (listings) in our regulations: Genitourinary Impairments and Hematological Disorders. We are making no other revisions to these body systems in this final rule. These extensions will ensure that we continue to have the criteria we need to evaluate impairments in the affected body systems at step three of the sequential evaluation processes for initial claims and continuing disability reviews. PMID:24040682

  5. 41 CFR 102-85.205 - What happens if a customer agency continues occupancy after the expiration of an OA?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... expiration of an OA? A mutual goal of GSA and its customers is to have current OAs in place for all space... owned, different provisions in the following table apply: Holdover Tenancy—Customer...

  6. 41 CFR 102-85.205 - What happens if a customer agency continues occupancy after the expiration of an OA?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... expiration of an OA? A mutual goal of GSA and its customers is to have current OAs in place for all space... owned, different provisions in the following table apply: Holdover Tenancy—Customer...

  7. The impact of expiration on particle deposition within the nasal cavity.

    PubMed

    Wiesmiller, K; Keck, T; Leiacker, R; Sikora, T; Rettinger, G; Lindemann, J

    2003-08-01

    One of the most important functions of the nose is cleansing the inspired air. The aim of this study was to compare the intranasal deposition of particles during inspiration and expiration, applying different breathing manoeuvres. In nine subjects, the non-deposited particles during inhalation of an aerosol of starch particles were laser-optically detected by placing a suction probe transnasally in the anterior nasal segment. The particle deposition was measured during cyclical nose-in/nose-out (nose-only) and nose-in/mouth-out breathing. The deposited fraction was calculated in percentages. Active anterior rhinomanometry and acoustic rhinometry were performed. The mean deposited fraction in the anterior nasal segment was statistically significantly higher (P < 0.02) during nose-only breathing (46.0%) compared with nose-in/mouth-out breathing (33.0%). Our results suggest that intranasal particle deposition takes place during inspiration as well as during expiration. The period of expiration does not only seem to be important for water and heat recovery, but also for cleansing of the respiratory air.

  8. Expired and Pathogen-Inactivated Platelet Concentrates Support Differentiation and Immunomodulation of Mesenchymal Stromal Cells in Culture.

    PubMed

    Jonsdottir-Buch, Sandra Mjoll; Sigurgrimsdottir, Hildur; Lieder, Ramona; Sigurjonsson, Olafur Eysteinn

    2015-01-01

    Platelet lysates have been reported as suitable cell culture supplement for cultures of mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs). The demand for safe and animal-free cultures of MSCs is linked to the potential application of MSCs in clinics. While the use of platelet lysates offers an alternative to animal serum in MSC cultures, obtaining supplies of fresh platelet concentrates for lysate production is challenging and raises concerns due to the already existing shortage of platelet donors. We have previously demonstrated that expired platelet concentrates may represent a good source of platelets for lysate production without competing with blood banks for platelet donors. The INTERCEPT Blood System™ treatment of platelet concentrates allows for prolonged storage up to 7 days, using highly specific technology based on amotosalen and UV-A light. The INTERCEPT system has therefore been implemented in blood processing facilities worldwide. In this study, we evaluated the suitability of INTERCEPT-treated, expired platelet concentrates, processed into platelet lysates, for the culture of MSCs compared to nontreated expired platelets. Bone marrow-derived MSCs were cultured in media supplemented with either platelet lysates from traditionally prepared expired platelet concentrates or in platelet lysates from expired and pathogen-inactivated platelet concentrates. The effects of pathogen inactivation on the ability of the platelets to support MSCs in culture were determined by evaluating MSC immunomodulation, immunophenotype, proliferation, and trilineage differentiation. Platelet lysates prepared from expired and pathogen-inactivated platelet concentrates supported MSC differentiation and immunosuppression better compared to traditionally prepared platelet lysates from expired platelet units. Pathogen inactivation of platelets with the INTERCEPT system prior to use in MSC culture had no negative effects on MSC immunophenotype or proliferation. In conclusion, the use of expired

  9. Effect of artificial accelerated aging on the optical properties and monomeric conversion of composites used after expiration date.

    PubMed

    Garcia, Lucas da Fonseca Roberti; Mundim, Fabricio Mariano; Pires-de-Souza, Fernanda de Carvalho Panzeri; Puppin Rontani, Regina Maria; Consani, Simonides

    2013-01-01

    This study sought to evaluate how artificial accelerated aging (AAA) affected color stability (ΔE), opacity (ΔOP), and degree of conversion (DOC) for 3 composite materials (Tetric Ceram, Tetric Ceram HB, and Tetric Flow) used both 180 days before and 180 days after their expiration dates. To evaluate the materials' optical properties, 10 specimens of each composite-5 prior to expiration and 5 after the materials' expiration date-were made in a teflon matrix. After polishing, the specimens were submitted to initial color and opacity readings and submitted to AAA for 384 hours; at that point, new readings were taken to determine ΔE and ΔOP. To evaluate monomeric conversion evaluation, 6 specimens from each composite and expiration date-3 prior to AAA and 3 after-were submitted to DOC analysis. Results of the 2-way ANOVA and Bonferroni's tests (P < 0.05) demonstrated that all composites had ΔE values above the clinically acceptable level (ΔE ≥ 3.3). When expiration dates were compared, only Tetric Flow showed a statistically significant difference (P < 0.05). Regardless of the expiration date, ΔOP values for all composites increased after AAA, but not significantly (P > 0.05). The expired Tetric Flow had the highest DOC values (71.42% ± 4.21) before AAA, significantly different than that of the other composites (P > 0.05). It was concluded that both expiration date and AAA affected the properties of the composites tested.

  10. Effect of artificial accelerated aging on the optical properties and monomeric conversion of composites used after expiration date.

    PubMed

    Garcia, Lucas da Fonseca Roberti; Mundim, Fabricio Mariano; Pires-de-Souza, Fernanda de Carvalho Panzeri; Puppin Rontani, Regina Maria; Consani, Simonides

    2013-01-01

    This study sought to evaluate how artificial accelerated aging (AAA) affected color stability (ΔE), opacity (ΔOP), and degree of conversion (DOC) for 3 composite materials (Tetric Ceram, Tetric Ceram HB, and Tetric Flow) used both 180 days before and 180 days after their expiration dates. To evaluate the materials' optical properties, 10 specimens of each composite-5 prior to expiration and 5 after the materials' expiration date-were made in a teflon matrix. After polishing, the specimens were submitted to initial color and opacity readings and submitted to AAA for 384 hours; at that point, new readings were taken to determine ΔE and ΔOP. To evaluate monomeric conversion evaluation, 6 specimens from each composite and expiration date-3 prior to AAA and 3 after-were submitted to DOC analysis. Results of the 2-way ANOVA and Bonferroni's tests (P < 0.05) demonstrated that all composites had ΔE values above the clinically acceptable level (ΔE ≥ 3.3). When expiration dates were compared, only Tetric Flow showed a statistically significant difference (P < 0.05). Regardless of the expiration date, ΔOP values for all composites increased after AAA, but not significantly (P > 0.05). The expired Tetric Flow had the highest DOC values (71.42% ± 4.21) before AAA, significantly different than that of the other composites (P > 0.05). It was concluded that both expiration date and AAA affected the properties of the composites tested. PMID:24192739

  11. An Optimization Model for Expired Drug Recycling Logistics Networks and Government Subsidy Policy Design Based on Tri-level Programming.

    PubMed

    Huang, Hui; Li, Yuyu; Huang, Bo; Pi, Xing

    2015-07-09

    In order to recycle and dispose of all people's expired drugs, the government should design a subsidy policy to stimulate users to return their expired drugs, and drug-stores should take the responsibility of recycling expired drugs, in other words, to be recycling stations. For this purpose it is necessary for the government to select the right recycling stations and treatment stations to optimize the expired drug recycling logistics network and minimize the total costs of recycling and disposal. This paper establishes a tri-level programming model to study how the government can optimize an expired drug recycling logistics network and the appropriate subsidy policies. Furthermore, a Hybrid Genetic Simulated Annealing Algorithm (HGSAA) is proposed to search for the optimal solution of the model. An experiment is discussed to illustrate the good quality of the recycling logistics network and government subsides obtained by the HGSAA. The HGSAA is proven to have the ability to converge on the global optimal solution, and to act as an effective algorithm for solving the optimization problem of expired drug recycling logistics network and government subsidies.

  12. An Optimization Model for Expired Drug Recycling Logistics Networks and Government Subsidy Policy Design Based on Tri-level Programming

    PubMed Central

    Huang, Hui; Li, Yuyu; Huang, Bo; Pi, Xing

    2015-01-01

    In order to recycle and dispose of all people’s expired drugs, the government should design a subsidy policy to stimulate users to return their expired drugs, and drug-stores should take the responsibility of recycling expired drugs, in other words, to be recycling stations. For this purpose it is necessary for the government to select the right recycling stations and treatment stations to optimize the expired drug recycling logistics network and minimize the total costs of recycling and disposal. This paper establishes a tri-level programming model to study how the government can optimize an expired drug recycling logistics network and the appropriate subsidy policies. Furthermore, a Hybrid Genetic Simulated Annealing Algorithm (HGSAA) is proposed to search for the optimal solution of the model. An experiment is discussed to illustrate the good quality of the recycling logistics network and government subsides obtained by the HGSAA. The HGSAA is proven to have the ability to converge on the global optimal solution, and to act as an effective algorithm for solving the optimization problem of expired drug recycling logistics network and government subsidies. PMID:26184252

  13. Monthly energy review, April 1994

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1994-04-01

    The Monthly Energy Review contains statistical data on the following: energy consumption, petroleum, natural gas, oil and gas resource development, coal, electricity, nuclear energy, energy prices, and international energy. In addition, an energy overview is provided, and, for the April issue, Energy use and carbon emissions; Some international comparisons.

  14. Natural gas monthly

    SciTech Connect

    1998-01-01

    The Natural Gas Monthly highlights activities, events, and analyses of interest to public and private sector organizations associated with the natural gas industry. Volume and price data are presented each month for natural gas production, distribution, consumption, and interstate pipeline activities. Producer-related activities and underground storage data are also reported. From time to time, the Natural Gas Monthly features articles designed to assist readers in using and interpreting natural gas information.

  15. Food additives

    PubMed Central

    Spencer, Michael

    1974-01-01

    Food additives are discussed from the food technology point of view. The reasons for their use are summarized: (1) to protect food from chemical and microbiological attack; (2) to even out seasonal supplies; (3) to improve their eating quality; (4) to improve their nutritional value. The various types of food additives are considered, e.g. colours, flavours, emulsifiers, bread and flour additives, preservatives, and nutritional additives. The paper concludes with consideration of those circumstances in which the use of additives is (a) justified and (b) unjustified. PMID:4467857

  16. Hispanic Heritage Month

    NASA Video Gallery

    Hispanic-themed music and Salsa dance performances helped kick off the Johnson Space Center celebration of Hispanic Heritage Month, commemorating the histories, cultures and contributions of Hispan...

  17. End-expiration Respiratory Gating for a High Resolution Stationary Cardiac SPECT system

    PubMed Central

    Chan, Chung; Harris, Mark; Le, Max; Biondi, James; Grobshtein, Yariv; Liu, Yi-Hwa; Sinusas, Albert J.; Liu, Chi

    2014-01-01

    Respiratory and cardiac motions can degrade myocardial perfusion SPECT (MPS) image quality and reduce defect detection and quantitative accuracy. In this study, we developed a dual-respiratory and cardiac gating system for a high resolution fully stationary cardiac SPECT scanner in order to improve the image quality and defect detection. Respiratory motion was monitored using a compressive sensor pillow connected to a dual respiratory-cardiac gating box, which sends cardiac triggers only during end-expiration phases to the single cardiac trigger input on the SPECT scanners. The listmode data were rebinned retrospectively into end-expiration frames for respiratory motion reduction or 8 cardiac gates only during end-expiration phases to compensate for both respiratory and cardiac motions. The proposed method was first validated on a motion phantom in the presence and absence of multiple perfusion defects, and then applied on 11 patient studies with and without perfusion defects. In the normal phantom studies, the end-expiration gated SPECT (EXG-SPECT) reduced respiratory motion blur and increased myocardium to blood pool contrast by 51.2% as compared to the ungated images. The proposed method also yielded an average of 11.2% increase in myocardium to defect contrast as compared to the ungated images in the phantom studies with perfusion defects. In the patient studies, EXG-SPECT significantly improved the myocardium to blood pool contrast (p<0.005) by 24% on average as compared to the ungated images, and led to improved perfusion uniformity across segments on polar maps for normal patients. For a patient with defect, EXG-SPECT improved the defect contrast and definition. The dual respiratory-cardiac gating further reduced the blurring effect, increased the myocardium to blood pool contrast significantly by 36% (p<0.05) compared to EXG SPECT, and further improved defect characteristics and visualization of fine structures at the expense of increased noise on the

  18. End-expiration respiratory gating for a high-resolution stationary cardiac SPECT system

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chan, Chung; Harris, Mark; Le, Max; Biondi, James; Grobshtein, Yariv; Liu, Yi-Hwa; Sinusas, Albert J.; Liu, Chi

    2014-10-01

    Respiratory and cardiac motions can degrade myocardial perfusion SPECT (MPS) image quality and reduce defect detection and quantitative accuracy. In this study, we developed a dual respiratory and cardiac gating system for a high-resolution fully stationary cardiac SPECT scanner in order to improve the image quality and defect detection. Respiratory motion was monitored using a compressive sensor pillow connected to a dual respiratory-cardiac gating box, which sends cardiac triggers only during end-expiration phases to the single cardiac trigger input on the SPECT scanners. The listmode data were rebinned retrospectively into end-expiration frames for respiratory motion reduction or eight cardiac gates only during end-expiration phases to compensate for both respiratory and cardiac motions. The proposed method was first validated on a motion phantom in the presence and absence of multiple perfusion defects, and then applied on 11 patient studies with and without perfusion defects. In the normal phantom studies, the end-expiration gated SPECT (EXG-SPECT) reduced respiratory motion blur and increased myocardium to blood pool contrast by 51.2% as compared to the ungated images. The proposed method also yielded an average of 11.2% increase in myocardium to defect contrast as compared to the ungated images in the phantom studies with perfusion defects. In the patient studies, EXG-SPECT significantly improved the myocardium to blood pool contrast (p < 0.005) by 24% on average as compared to the ungated images, and led to improved perfusion uniformity across segments on polar maps for normal patients. For a patient with defect, EXG-SPECT improved the defect contrast and definition. The dual respiratory-cardiac gating further reduced the blurring effect, increased the myocardium to blood pool contrast significantly by 36% (p < 0.05) compared to EXG-SPECT, and further improved defect characteristics and visualization of fine structures at the expense of increased noise on

  19. End-expiration respiratory gating for a high-resolution stationary cardiac SPECT system.

    PubMed

    Chan, Chung; Harris, Mark; Le, Max; Biondi, James; Grobshtein, Yariv; Liu, Yi-Hwa; Sinusas, Albert J; Liu, Chi

    2014-10-21

    Respiratory and cardiac motions can degrade myocardial perfusion SPECT (MPS) image quality and reduce defect detection and quantitative accuracy. In this study, we developed a dual respiratory and cardiac gating system for a high-resolution fully stationary cardiac SPECT scanner in order to improve the image quality and defect detection. Respiratory motion was monitored using a compressive sensor pillow connected to a dual respiratory-cardiac gating box, which sends cardiac triggers only during end-expiration phases to the single cardiac trigger input on the SPECT scanners. The listmode data were rebinned retrospectively into end-expiration frames for respiratory motion reduction or eight cardiac gates only during end-expiration phases to compensate for both respiratory and cardiac motions. The proposed method was first validated on a motion phantom in the presence and absence of multiple perfusion defects, and then applied on 11 patient studies with and without perfusion defects. In the normal phantom studies, the end-expiration gated SPECT (EXG-SPECT) reduced respiratory motion blur and increased myocardium to blood pool contrast by 51.2% as compared to the ungated images. The proposed method also yielded an average of 11.2% increase in myocardium to defect contrast as compared to the ungated images in the phantom studies with perfusion defects. In the patient studies, EXG-SPECT significantly improved the myocardium to blood pool contrast (p < 0.005) by 24% on average as compared to the ungated images, and led to improved perfusion uniformity across segments on polar maps for normal patients. For a patient with defect, EXG-SPECT improved the defect contrast and definition. The dual respiratory-cardiac gating further reduced the blurring effect, increased the myocardium to blood pool contrast significantly by 36% (p < 0.05) compared to EXG-SPECT, and further improved defect characteristics and visualization of fine structures at the expense of increased noise

  20. Extension of expiration dates for several body system listings. Final rule.

    PubMed

    2015-01-01

    We are extending the expiration dates of the following body systems in the Listing of Impairments (listings) in our regulations: Growth Impairment, Musculoskeletal System, Respiratory System, Cardiovascular System, Digestive System, Hematological Disorders, Skin Disorders, Neurological, and Mental Disorders. We are making no other revisions to these body systems in this final rule. This extension will ensure that we continue to have the criteria we need to evaluate impairments in the affected body systems at step three of the sequential evaluation processes for initial claims and continuing disability reviews. PMID:25562897

  1. Extension of expiration dates for several body system listings. Final rule.

    PubMed

    2010-06-11

    We are extending the expiration dates of the following body systems in the Listing of Impairments (listings) in our regulations: Cardiovascular System, Endocrine System, Growth Impairment, Hematological Disorders, Musculoskeletal System, Mental Disorders, Neurological, and Respiratory System. We are making no other revisions to these body system listings. This extension will ensure that we continue to have in the listings the criteria we need to evaluate impairments in the affected body systems at the appropriate steps of the sequential evaluation processes for initial claims and continuing disability reviews. PMID:20540223

  2. Extension of expiration dates for several body system listings. Final rule.

    PubMed

    2014-02-26

    We are extending the expiration dates of the following body systems in the Listing of Impairments (listings) in our regulations: Growth Impairment, Musculoskeletal System, Respiratory System, Cardiovascular System, Digestive System, Skin Disorders, and Neurological. We are making no other revisions to these body systems in this final rule. This extension will ensure that we continue to have the criteria we need to evaluate impairments in the affected body systems at step three of the sequential evaluation processes for initial claims and continuing disability reviews. PMID:24611210

  3. Extension of expiration dates for several body systems listings. Final rule.

    PubMed

    2012-06-13

    We are extending the expiration dates of the following body systems in the Listing of Impairments (listings) in our regulations: Growth Impairment, Musculoskeletal System, Respiratory System, Cardiovascular System, Digestive System, Hematological Disorders, Skin Disorders, Neurological, and Mental Disorders. We are making no other revisions to these body system listings in this final rule. This extension will ensure that we continue to have the criteria we need to evaluate impairments in the affected body systems at step three of the sequential evaluation processes for initial claims and continuing disability reviews. PMID:22730572

  4. Hispanic Heritage Month

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    York, Sherry

    2004-01-01

    Hispanic heritage month is from September 15 to October 15. One problem that arises when grouping people into categories such as Hispanic or Latino is stereotyping, stereotypes can be promoted or used in this Hispanic month to promote a greater understanding of Latino cultures.

  5. Birth Month Affects Longevity

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abel, Ernest L.; Kruger, Michael L.

    2010-01-01

    The authors examined the association between birth month and longevity for major league baseball players. Players born in the month of November had the greatest longevities whereas those born in June had the shortest life spans. These differences remained after controlling for covariates such as birth year, career length, age at debut, height, and…

  6. Lung recoil during rapid vital capacity expirations simulated by gas compression.

    PubMed

    Webster, P M; Loring, S H; Butler, J P; Hoppin, F G

    1980-07-01

    Excised dog lobes were inflated to a transpulmonary pressure (PL) of about 30 cmH2O, and their airways were occluded. Then they were rapidly compressed to a volume where PL was about zero, simulating forced expiratory maneuvers. Since there was no airflow during the compression, PL was a direct measure of lung recoil. Lung volume (VL) was calculated from absolute airway pressure using Boyle's law. At ambient temperature, lung recoil pressure during compressive maneuvers simulating forced vital capacity expirations (Pdyn) was less than that during quasi-static (30 s) compressions (Pst). Typically the dynamic component (i.e., Pst--Pdyn) decreased from about 2 cmH2O near total lung capacity to no difference at the end of the compression. Cooling the lobes to 15 degrees C increased Pst-Pdyn, and warming the lobes to 37 degrees C reduced Pst-Pdyn almost to zero. We suggest that the driving force of lung recoil during expirations is adequately modeled by the quasi-static VL/PL relationship, though a small correction should be made for excised lungs at room temperature. PMID:7399986

  7. Section 1603 Treasury Grant Expiration. Industry Insight on Financing and Market Implications

    SciTech Connect

    Mendelsohn, Michael; Harper, John

    2012-06-01

    In the wake of the 2008-2009 financial crises, tax equity investors largely withdrew from the market, resulting in stagnation of project development. In response, Congress established the Treasury grant program pursuant to Section 1603 of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (Section 1603 Program) to offer a cash payment in lieu of a production and investment tax credit. This study addresses the likely project financing and market impacts from the expiration of the Section 1603 Program. The authors assembled an array of insights offered by financial executives active in the renewable energy (RE) market during conference panel discussions and in presentations, direct interviews, and email correspondences. This analysis found that the Section 1603 Program alleviated the need to monetize the tax credit incentives through specialized investors, helped lower the transaction and financing costs associated with renewable electricity projects, and generally supported an extensive build-out of renewable power generation capacity. With the expiration of the Section 1603 Program, smaller or less-established renewable power developers will have more difficulty attracting needed financial capital and completing their projects, development of projects relying on newer or 'innovative' technologies will likely slow as traditional tax equity investors are known to be highly averse to technology risk in the projects they fund, and, finally, projects relying on tax equity may be more expensive to develop due to higher transaction costs and potentially higher yields required to attract tax equity.

  8. Section 1603 Treasury Grant Expiration: Industry Insight on Financing and Market Implications

    SciTech Connect

    Mendelsohn, M.; Harper, J.

    2012-06-01

    In the wake of the 2008-2009 financial crises, tax equity investors largely withdrew from the market, resulting in stagnation of project development. In response, Congress established the Treasury grant program pursuant to Section 1603 of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (..Section..1603 Program) to offer a cash payment in lieu of a production and investment tax credit. This study addresses the likely project financing and market impacts from the expiration of the ..Section..1603 Program. The authors assembled an array of insights offered by financial executives active in the renewable energy (RE) market during conference panel discussions and in presentations, direct interviews, and email correspondences. This analysis found that the ..Section..1603 Program alleviated the need to monetize the tax credit incentives through specialized investors, helped lower the transaction and financing costs associated with renewable electricity projects, and generally supported an extensive build-out of renewable power generation capacity. With the expiration of the ..Section..1603 Program, smaller or less-established renewable power developers will have more difficulty attracting needed financial capital and completing their projects, development of projects relying on newer or 'innovative' technologies will likely slow as traditional tax equity investors are known to be highly averse to technology risk in the projects they fund, and, finally, projects relying on tax equity may be more expensive to develop due to higher transaction costs and potentially higher yields required to attract tax equity.

  9. Photoacoustic spectroscopy of the expired air at a human respiratory pathology

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ageev, B. G.; Kapitanov, V. A.; Ponomarev, Yu. N.; Nikiforova, O. Yu.; Karapuzikov, A. I.; Sherstov, I. V.; Volkova, L. I.; Djakova, E. Yu.; Kapilevich, L. V.; Kapitanova, D. V.; Kistenev, Yu. V.; Smotrova, N. A.; Fokin, V. A.; Plohotin, A. V.; Berendeeva, T. A.

    2006-12-01

    There are about 600 volatile compounds in air expired by man, including molecules-biomarkers of endogenous (produced in organism) origin, the specificity of generation and excretion mechanisms of which is sufficient for studies of both normal and pathologic processes. The goal of this work is analysis of the human-expired air by means of the intracavity laser photoacoustic sensor intended for detection of air gas admixtures having the absorption bands in the wavelength spectral range 9.2 - 10.8 μm. The sensor principle of operation is based on the photoacoustic effect caused by gas absorption of the CO II laser radiation. Measurements were conducted with a test group consisting of 100 persons and a group of patients (60 persons) affected by different bronchopulnionary pathologies. The state of health of each group members was determined from questioning data. The spectral absorption dependences were normalized to referent points and then investigated in respect to a qualitative coincidence. The typical results are presented below.

  10. Validation of measurements of ventilation-to-perfusion ratio inequality in the lung from expired gas

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Prisk, G. Kim; Guy, Harold J B.; West, John B.; Reed, James W.

    2003-01-01

    The analysis of the gas in a single expirate has long been used to estimate the degree of ventilation-perfusion (Va/Q) inequality in the lung. To further validate this estimate, we examined three measures of Va/Q inhomogeneity calculated from a single full exhalation in nine anesthetized mongrel dogs under control conditions and after exposure to aerosolized methacholine. These measurements were then compared with arterial blood gases and with measurements of Va/Q inhomogeneity obtained using the multiple inert gas elimination technique. The slope of the instantaneous respiratory exchange ratio (R slope) vs. expired volume was poorly correlated with independent measures, probably because of the curvilinear nature of the relationship due to continuing gas exchange. When R was converted to the intrabreath Va/Q (iV/Q), the best index was the slope of iV/Q vs. volume over phase III (iV/Q slope). This was strongly correlated with independent measures, especially those relating to inhomogeneity of perfusion. The correlations for iV/Q slope and R slope considerably improved when only the first half of phase III was considered. We conclude that a useful noninvasive measurement of Va/Q inhomogeneity can be derived from the intrabreath respiratory exchange ratio.

  11. Prolonged expiration down to residual volume leads to severe arterial hypoxemia in athletes during submaximal exercise.

    PubMed

    Woorons, Xavier; Mollard, Pascal; Pichon, Aurélien; Duvallet, Alain; Richalet, Jean-Paul; Lamberto, Christine

    2007-08-15

    The goal of this study was to assess the effects of a prolonged expiration (PE) carried out down to the residual volume (RV) during a submaximal exercise and consider whether it would be worth including this respiratory technique in a training programme to evaluate its effects on performance. Ten male triathletes performed a 5-min exercise at 70% of maximal oxygen consumption in normal breathing (NB(70)) and in PE (PE(70)) down to RV. Cardiorespiratory parameters were measured continuously and an arterialized blood sampling at the earlobe was performed in the last 15s of exercise. Oxygen consumption, cardiac frequency, end-tidal and arterial carbon dioxide pressure, alveolar-arterial difference for O(2) (PA(O2) - Pa(O2)) and P(50) were significantly higher, and arterial oxygen saturation (87.4+/-3.4% versus 95.0+/-0.9%, p<0.001), alveolar (PA(O2)) or arterial oxygen pressure, pH and ventilatory equivalent were significantly lower in PE(70) than NB(70). There was no difference in blood lactate between exercise modalities. These results demonstrate that during submaximal exercise, a prolonged expiration down to RV can lead to a severe hypoxemia caused by a PA(O2) decrement (r=0.56; p<0.05), a widened PA(O2) - Pa(O2) (r=-0.85; p<0.001) and a right shift of the oxygen dissociation curve (r=-0.73; p<0.001).

  12. Human expiration content diagnostics by tunable diode lasers in middle infrared

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kouznetsov, Andrian I.; Moskalenko, Konstantin L.; Nadezhdinskii, Alexander I.; Stepanov, Eugene V.

    1992-04-01

    Results on the application of tunable diode laser gas analysis to determining the trace components of human breath are presented. Schemes of the analyzers specially developed for measurement of both carbon oxides in expiration are described. A few results illuminating possible applications of TDL in high sensitive medical diagnostics have been obtained. For nonsmokers, the expired concentration of CO is slightly higher than inhaled air. Specific surplus value depends on the person's age. The surplus CO content increased significantly just after intensive physical exercises like jogging. For smokers, the farmacokinetical curve of abundant CO removal from the organism could be investigated. The smoking status of tested individuals becomes easy available. Breath-hold simultaneous measurements of CO and CO2 have shown the difference in the dependencies of their concentrations on breath-holding time. The possibility to investigate phenomena like molecular pulmonary diffusion of the alveolar-capillary membrane and an organism's compensation reactions to oxygen shortage seems to become real. Perspective leads for development and the application of diode laser spectroscopy methods to the analysis of gaseous microimpurities in medicine are also discussed.

  13. Natural Gas Monthly

    EIA Publications

    2016-01-01

    Highlights activities, events, and analyses associated with the natural gas industry. Volume and price data are presented each month for natural gas production, distribution, consumption, and interstate pipeline activities. Producer related activities and underground storage data are also reported.

  14. Electric Power Monthly, July 1990

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1990-10-12

    The Electric Power Monthly (EPM) is prepared by the Electric Power Division; Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels, Energy Information Administration (EIA), Department of Energy. This publication provides monthly statistics at the national, Census division, and State levels for net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and quality of fuel, cost of fuel, electricity sales, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. Data on net generation are also displayed at the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) region level. Additionally, company and plant level information are published in the EPM on capability of new plants, net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and quality of fuel, and cost in fuel. Quantity, quality, and cost of fuel data lag the net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, electricity sales, and average revenue per kilowatthour data by 1 month. This difference in reporting appears in the national, Census division, and State level tables. However, at the plant level, all statistics presented are for the earlier month for the purpose of comparison. 12 refs., 4 figs., 48 tabs.

  15. Developmental milestones record - 4 months

    MedlinePlus

    Normal childhood growth milestones - 4 months; Childhood growth milestones - 4 months; Growth milestones for children - 4 months ... provider. PHYSICAL AND MOTOR SKILLS The typical 4-month-old baby should: Slow in weight gain to ...

  16. Developmental milestones record - 18 months

    MedlinePlus

    Growth milestones for children - 18 months; Normal childhood growth milestones - 18 months; Childhood growth milestones - 18 months ... PHYSICAL AND MOTOR SKILL MARKERS The typical 18-month-old: Has a closed soft spot on the ...

  17. Developmental milestones record - 9 months

    MedlinePlus

    Growth milestones for children - 9 months; Childhood growth milestones - 9 months; Normal childhood growth milestones - 9 months ... provider. PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS AND MOTOR SKILLS A 9-month-old has usually reached the following milestones: Gains ...

  18. Developmental milestones record - 6 months

    MedlinePlus

    Normal childhood growth milestones - 6 months; Childhood growth milestones - 6 months; Growth milestones for children - 6 months ... the weight on hands (often occurs by 4 months) Able to pick up a dropped object Able ...

  19. Developmental milestones record - 12 months

    MedlinePlus

    Normal childhood growth milestones - 12 months; Growth milestones for children - 12 months; Childhood growth milestones - 12 months ... care provider. PHYSICAL AND MOTOR SKILLS A 12-month-old child is expected to: Be 3 times ...

  20. Solid-state co-digestion of expired dog food and corn stover for methane production.

    PubMed

    Xu, Fuqing; Li, Yebo

    2012-08-01

    Expired dog food was co-digested with corn stover for biogas production via solid-state anaerobic digestion (SS-AD) at feedstock-to-effluent (F/E) ratios of 2, 4, and 6 using effluent from a sewage sludge digester as inoculum. Degradation of the main components in dog food and corn stover was measured. Higher methane yields were obtained at lower F/E ratios and at higher percentages of dog food in the substrate. The highest methane yield of 304.4 L/kg VS(feed) was obtained for the substrate containing 50% corn stover and 50% dog food, which was an increase of 229% and 109% compared to digesting corn stover and dog food alone, respectively. Co-digestion of corn stover with dog food reduced the start-up time and volatile fatty acid (VFA) accumulation, but decreased the cellulose and xylan degradation of corn stover.

  1. Phosphazene additives

    DOEpatents

    Harrup, Mason K; Rollins, Harry W

    2013-11-26

    An additive comprising a phosphazene compound that has at least two reactive functional groups and at least one capping functional group bonded to phosphorus atoms of the phosphazene compound. One of the at least two reactive functional groups is configured to react with cellulose and the other of the at least two reactive functional groups is configured to react with a resin, such as an amine resin of a polycarboxylic acid resin. The at least one capping functional group is selected from the group consisting of a short chain ether group, an alkoxy group, or an aryloxy group. Also disclosed are an additive-resin admixture, a method of treating a wood product, and a wood product.

  2. Potlining Additives

    SciTech Connect

    Rudolf Keller

    2004-08-10

    In this project, a concept to improve the performance of aluminum production cells by introducing potlining additives was examined and tested. Boron oxide was added to cathode blocks, and titanium was dissolved in the metal pool; this resulted in the formation of titanium diboride and caused the molten aluminum to wet the carbonaceous cathode surface. Such wetting reportedly leads to operational improvements and extended cell life. In addition, boron oxide suppresses cyanide formation. This final report presents and discusses the results of this project. Substantial economic benefits for the practical implementation of the technology are projected, especially for modern cells with graphitized blocks. For example, with an energy savings of about 5% and an increase in pot life from 1500 to 2500 days, a cost savings of $ 0.023 per pound of aluminum produced is projected for a 200 kA pot.

  3. Birth month affects longevity.

    PubMed

    Abel, Ernest L; Kruger, Michael L

    2010-09-01

    The authors examined the association between birth month and longevity for major league baseball players. Players born in the month of November had the greatest longevities whereas those born in June had the shortest life spans. These differences remained after controlling for covariates such as birth year, career length, age at debut, height, and player position. The authors determined that the most likely explanation is that those born during seasons when mortalities are highest are constitutionally weakened and more likely to succumb to life threatening conditions later in life. PMID:24482849

  4. Birth month affects longevity.

    PubMed

    Abel, Ernest L; Kruger, Michael L

    2010-09-01

    The authors examined the association between birth month and longevity for major league baseball players. Players born in the month of November had the greatest longevities whereas those born in June had the shortest life spans. These differences remained after controlling for covariates such as birth year, career length, age at debut, height, and player position. The authors determined that the most likely explanation is that those born during seasons when mortalities are highest are constitutionally weakened and more likely to succumb to life threatening conditions later in life.

  5. 75 FR 40770 - Creation of a New Computer Matching Program That Will Expire on December 31, 2013

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-14

    ...; ] DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Creation of a New Computer Matching Program That Will Expire on December 31, 2013... computer matching program that we will conduct with the U.S. Office of Personnel Management (OPM), The...). Privacy Act of 1974, as Amended; Computer Matching Program (SSA/U.S. Office of Personnel Management...

  6. 37 CFR 1.378 - Acceptance of delayed payment of maintenance fee in expired patent to reinstate patent.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 37 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Acceptance of delayed payment of maintenance fee in expired patent to reinstate patent. 1.378 Section 1.378 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights UNITED STATES PATENT AND TRADEMARK OFFICE, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE GENERAL RULES...

  7. Resin composite characterizations following a simplified protocol of accelerated aging as a function of the expiration date.

    PubMed

    D'Alpino, Paulo Henrique Perlatti; Vismara, Marcus Vinícius Gonçalves; Mello, Luciano Marcelo de Medeiros; Di Hipólito, Vinicius; González, Alejandra Hortencia Miranda; Graeff, Carlos Frederico de Oliveira

    2014-07-01

    This study evaluated the mechanical, thermal, and morphological characteristics of different classifications of dental composites as a function of the material condition (new, aged and expired). Specimens were obtained according to these factors: Composites: Filtek P60, Filtek Z250, Filtek Z350XT, and Filtek Silorane; and Material conditions: new, aged, and expired. The syringe composites underwent an accelerated aging protocol (Arrhenius model). The flexural strength (FS) and flexural modulus (E) were obtained. The thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and differential thermal analysis (DTA) were also performed and the glass transition temperature (Tg) and the weight loss calculated. Topographic analysis of the composites was performed under SEM. The material conditions influenced the mechanical properties of the composites. The silorane composite exhibited a characteristic thermal behavior different from that of the methacrylates. In general, the Tg increased after the accelerated aging protocol and decreased for expired ones, compared to the new composites. A significant increase in FS of Filtek Z350XT after aging was accompanied by an increase in the Tg. The filler packings were in accordance with the manufacture׳s information. The topographic aspects of the composites were modified as a function of the material condition. The mechanical properties of the composites following a simplified protocol of accelerated aging varied as a function of the expiration date. The silorane composite presented a characteristic thermal behavior. Although the dental manufacturers may not be able to control variables as storage temperature and transportation conditions, these effects on the composite clinical performance can be minimized if properly considered.

  8. 24 CFR 982.102 - Allocation of budget authority for renewal of expiring consolidated ACC funding increments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Allocation of budget authority for renewal of expiring consolidated ACC funding increments. 982.102 Section 982.102 Housing and Urban Development REGULATIONS RELATING TO HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (CONTINUED) OFFICE OF ASSISTANT...

  9. 24 CFR 982.102 - Allocation of budget authority for renewal of expiring consolidated ACC funding increments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Allocation of budget authority for renewal of expiring consolidated ACC funding increments. 982.102 Section 982.102 Housing and Urban Development REGULATIONS RELATING TO HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (CONTINUED) OFFICE OF ASSISTANT...

  10. 24 CFR 982.102 - Allocation of budget authority for renewal of expiring consolidated ACC funding increments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Allocation of budget authority for renewal of expiring consolidated ACC funding increments. 982.102 Section 982.102 Housing and Urban Development REGULATIONS RELATING TO HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (CONTINUED) OFFICE OF ASSISTANT...

  11. 8 CFR 211.3 - Expiration of immigrant visas, reentry permits, refugee travel documents, and Form I-551.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... permits, refugee travel documents, and Form I-551. 211.3 Section 211.3 Aliens and Nationality DEPARTMENT... Expiration of immigrant visas, reentry permits, refugee travel documents, and Form I-551. An immigrant visa, reentry permit, refugee travel document, or Form I-551 shall be regarded as unexpired if the...

  12. 43 CFR 3513.26 - When and how does my suspension of operations and production (conservation concerns) expire or...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... operations and production (conservation concerns) expire or terminate? 3513.26 Section 3513.26 Public Lands..., Suspension or Reduction of Rental and Minimum Royalties Suspension of Operations and Production (conservation Concerns) § 3513.26 When and how does my suspension of operations and production (conservation...

  13. 41 CFR 102-85.205 - What happens if a customer agency continues occupancy after the expiration of an OA?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... assignments. However, provisions are necessary to cover the GSA and customer relationship if an OA expires... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What happens if a... Contracts and Property Management Federal Property Management Regulations System (Continued)...

  14. 77 FR 32975 - Patient Safety Organizations: Expired Listing for The American Cancer Biorepository, Inc. d/b/a...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-04

    ... activities to improve patient safety and the quality of health care delivery. HHS issued the Patient Safety... regarding the quality and safety of health care delivery. The Patient Safety Rule, 42 CFR part 3, authorizes... HUMAN SERVICES Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Patient Safety Organizations: Expired......

  15. 45 CFR 2540.550 - Is there an expiration date on approvals for use of national service insignia?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Is there an expiration date on approvals for use of national service insignia? 2540.550 Section 2540.550 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) CORPORATION FOR NATIONAL AND COMMUNITY SERVICE GENERAL ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS Restrictions on Use of National Service...

  16. 45 CFR 2540.550 - Is there an expiration date on approvals for use of national service insignia?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Is there an expiration date on approvals for use of national service insignia? 2540.550 Section 2540.550 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) CORPORATION FOR NATIONAL AND COMMUNITY SERVICE GENERAL ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS Restrictions on Use of National Service...

  17. Electric Power Monthly

    EIA Publications

    2016-01-01

    Provides monthly statistics at the state, Census division, and U.S. levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity sales, revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold.

  18. Monthly Energy Review

    EIA Publications

    2016-01-01

    The Monthly Energy Review (MER) is the U.S. Energy Information Administration's primary report of recent energy statistics. Included are total energy production, consumption, and trade; energy prices; overviews of petroleum, natural gas, coal, electricity, nuclear energy, renewable energy, and international petroleum; carbon dioxide emissions; and data unit conversions.

  19. Monthly Energy Review

    SciTech Connect

    1996-05-28

    This publication presents an overview of the Energy information Administration`s recent monthly energy statistics. The statistics cover the major activities of US production, consumption, trade, stocks, and prices for petroleum, natural gas, coal, electricity, and nuclear energy. Also included are international energy and thermal and metric conversion factors. Two brief ``energy plugs`` (reviews of EIA publications) are included, as well.

  20. Monthly energy review

    SciTech Connect

    1997-12-01

    This document presents an overview of the Energy Information Administration`s (EIA) recent monthly energy statistics. The statistics cover the major activities of U.S. production, consumption, trade, stocks, and prices for petroleum, natural gas, coal, electricity, and nuclear energy. Also included are international energy and thermal and metric conversion factors.

  1. November 2010 monthly report

    SciTech Connect

    Neff, Warren E

    2010-12-07

    These viewgraphs are to be provided to NNSA to update the status of the B61 Life Extension Project work and activities. The viewgraphs cover such issues as budget, schedule, scope, and the like. They are part of the monthly reporting process.

  2. Application of end-expired breath sampling to estimate carboxyhemoglobin levels in community air pollution exposure assessments

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lambert, William E.; Colome, Steven D.; Wojciechowski, Sandra L.

    Measurement of carbon monoxide (CO) in end-expired air after breath-holding permits the estimation of blood carboxyhemoglobin (COHb) levels. Some literature suggests that the precision of the method decreases at low COHb levels. As part of a community exposure and health study, the end-expired breath method was applied to estimate COHb levels in 28 men with ischemic heart disease. Paired samples of blood and breath were collected at the beginning and end of the 24-h CO monitoring periods. The aggregate regression of all subjects' COHb on breath CO displayed high variability. However, the variability was substantially reduced for any particular subject, promoting the use of individualized blood-breath standard curves to improve the precision of COHb estimates made from breath CO. The ultimate accuracy of the blood-breath relationship could not be resolved by our data. Two major sources of error are identified. The observed person-to-person variability may be caused by physiologic factors or differences in ability to deliver an end-expired breath sample representative of alveolar air. This variation may also be due to instrumentation factors, specifically the accuracy of the IL282 CO-Oximeter at 0-3% levels. Further research into the sources of variability in the end-expired breath method is recommended. Epidemiologists using similar end-expired breath measurements to predict COHb levels should be cognizant of the magnitude and probable direction of the error in COHb estimates. This non-invasive method should continue to allow evaluation of the success of personal monitoring efforts and pharmacokinetic modeling of CO uptake in community exposure research.

  3. Petroleum marketing monthly

    SciTech Connect

    1996-02-01

    The Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM) provides information and statistical data on a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication presents statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, government, private sector analysts, educational institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase price, the f.o.b. and landed cost of imported crude oil, and the refiners acquisition cost of crude oil. Refined petroleum product sales data include motor gasoline, distillates, residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane. The Petroleum Marketing Division, Office of Oil and Gas, Energy Information Administration ensures the accuracy, quality, and confidentiality of the published data in the Petroleum Marketing Monthly.

  4. Petroleum marketing monthly

    SciTech Connect

    1995-08-01

    The Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM) provides information and statistical data on a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication presents statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, government, private sector analysts, educational institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase price, the f.o.b. and landed cost of imported crude oil, and the refiners` acquisition cost of crude oil. Refined petroleum product sales data include motor gasoline, distillates, residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane. The Petroleum Marketing Division, Office of Oil and Gas, Energy Information Administration ensures the accuracy, quality, and confidentiality of the published data in the Petroleum Marketing Monthly.

  5. Electric power monthly

    SciTech Connect

    1995-08-01

    The Energy Information Administration (EIA) prepares the Electric Power Monthly (EPM) for a wide audience including Congress, Federal and State agencies, the electric utility industry, and the general public. This publication provides monthly statistics for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity sales, revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. Data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. The EIA publishes statistics in the EPM on net generation by energy source, consumption, stocks, quantity, quality, and cost of fossil fuels; and capability of new generating units by company and plant. The purpose of this publication is to provide energy decisionmakers with accurate and timely information that may be used in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead.

  6. Petroleum marketing monthly

    SciTech Connect

    1996-07-01

    Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PPM) provides information and statistical data on a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication presents statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, government, private sector analysts, educational institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase price, the f.o. b. and landed cost of imported crude oil, and the refiners` acquisition cost of crude oil. Refined petroleum product sales data include motor gasoline, distillates, residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane. The Petroleum Marketing Division, Office of Oil and Gas, Energy Information Administration ensures the accuracy, quality, and confidentiality of the published data in the Petroleum Marketing Monthly.

  7. Electric Power Monthly, June 1990

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1990-09-13

    The EPM is prepared by the Electric Power Division; Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels, Energy Information Administration (EIA), Department of Energy. This publication provides monthly statistics at the national, Census division, and State levels for net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and quality of fuel, electricity sales, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. Data on net generation are also displayed at the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) region level. Additionally, company and plant level information are published in the EPM on capability of new plants, net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and quality of fuel, and cost of fuel. Quantity, quality, and cost of fuel data lag the net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, electricity sales, and average revenue per kilowatthour data by 1 month. This difference in reporting appears in the national, Census division, and State level tables. However, at the plant level, all statistics presented are for the earlier month for the purpose of comparison. 40 tabs.

  8. COSMIC monthly progress report

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1994-01-01

    Activities of the Computer Software Management and Information Center (COSMIC) are summarized for the month of January 1994. Tables showing the current inventory of programs available from COSMIC are presented and program processing and evaluation activities are discussed. Marketing and customer service activities in this period are presented as is the progress report of NASTRAN maintenance and support. Tables of disseminations and budget summary conclude the report.

  9. Extension of the expiration data for state disability examiner authority to make fully favorable quick disability determinations and compassionate allowances. Final rule.

    PubMed

    2014-08-28

    We are extending the expiration date of our rule that authorizes State agency disability examiners to make fully favorable determinations without the approval of a State agency medical or psychological consultant in claims that we consider under our quick disability determination (QDD) and compassionate allowance (CAL) processes. The current rule will expire on November 14, 2014. In this final rule, we are changing the November 14, 2014 expiration or "sunset'' date to November 13, 2015, extending the authority for 1 year. We are making no other substantive changes.

  10. Extension of the Expiration Date for State Disability Examiner Authority To Make Fully Favorable Quick Disability Determinations and Compassionate Allowance Determinations. Final rule.

    PubMed

    2015-10-19

    We are extending the expiration date of our rule that authorizes State agency disability examiners to make fully favorable determinations without the approval of a State agency medical or psychological consultant in claims that we consider under our quick disability determination (QDD) and compassionate allowance (CAL) processes. The current rule will expire on November 13, 2015. In this final rule, we are changing the November 13, 2015 expiration or ``sunset'' date to November 11, 2016, extending the authority for 1 year. We are making no other substantive changes.

  11. Petroleum marketing monthly

    SciTech Connect

    1995-11-01

    The Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM) provides information and statistical data on a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication presents statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, government, private sector analysts, educational institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase price, the f.o.b. and landed cost of imported crude oil, and the refiners` acquisition cost of crude oil. Refined petroleum product sales data include motor gasoline, distillates, residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane. The Petroleum Marketing Division, Office of Oil and Gas, Energy Information Administration ensures the accuracy, quality, and confidentiality of the published data.

  12. The introduction of expired air resuscitation into Surf Life Saving Australia.

    PubMed

    Ball, C M

    2016-07-01

    Surf Life Saving Australia, which began in the early 1900s, initially adopted the indirect resuscitation methods used by the Royal Life Saving Society. As new indirect methods became available, both organisations adapted their resuscitation techniques and followed international developments closely. In the 1950s, accumulating evidence suggested that direct methods of resuscitation, such as mouth-to-mouth ventilation, might be more efficacious. Subsequently a number of investigations were carried out in Sydney at the Royal Prince Alfred Hospital on anaesthetised and paralysed patients. These experiments were recorded for an ABC documentary and reported at the International Convention on Life Saving Techniques held in Sydney in March 1960. Following the convention, Queensland Surf Life Saving conducted training sessions in cooperation with anaesthetists Roger Bennett and Tess Brophy (later Cramond), at St Andrew's Hospital in Brisbane. Two volunteers were anaesthetised and paralysed on two separate weekends to allow over one hundred people to gain experience in expired-air and bag-mask ventilation. One of the volunteers in these training exercises kindly provided much of the material that led to this paper, providing a first hand account of the experiments and an invaluable insight into the cooperation between anaesthetists and volunteer rescue associations. PMID:27456285

  13. Shelf life modelling for first-expired-first-out warehouse management.

    PubMed

    Hertog, Maarten L A T M; Uysal, Ismail; McCarthy, Ultan; Verlinden, Bert M; Nicolaï, Bart M

    2014-06-13

    In the supply chain of perishable food products, large losses are incurred between farm and fork. Given the limited land resources and an ever-growing population, the food supply chain is faced with the challenge of increasing its handling efficiency and minimizing post-harvest food losses. Huge value can be added by optimizing warehouse management systems, taking into account the estimated remaining shelf life of the product, and matching it to the requirements of the subsequent part of the handling chain. This contribution focuses on how model approaches estimating quality changes and remaining shelf life can be combined in optimizing first-expired-first-out cold chain management strategies for perishable products. To this end, shelf-life-related performance indicators are used to introduce remaining shelf life and product quality in the cost function when optimizing the supply chain. A combinatorial exhaustive-search algorithm is shown to be feasible as the complexity of the optimization problem is sufficiently low for the size and properties of a typical commercial cold chain. The estimated shelf life distances for a particular batch can thus be taken as a guide to optimize logistics.

  14. Shelf life modelling for first-expired-first-out warehouse management

    PubMed Central

    Hertog, Maarten L. A. T. M.; Uysal, Ismail; McCarthy, Ultan; Verlinden, Bert M.; Nicolaï, Bart M.

    2014-01-01

    In the supply chain of perishable food products, large losses are incurred between farm and fork. Given the limited land resources and an ever-growing population, the food supply chain is faced with the challenge of increasing its handling efficiency and minimizing post-harvest food losses. Huge value can be added by optimizing warehouse management systems, taking into account the estimated remaining shelf life of the product, and matching it to the requirements of the subsequent part of the handling chain. This contribution focuses on how model approaches estimating quality changes and remaining shelf life can be combined in optimizing first-expired-first-out cold chain management strategies for perishable products. To this end, shelf-life-related performance indicators are used to introduce remaining shelf life and product quality in the cost function when optimizing the supply chain. A combinatorial exhaustive-search algorithm is shown to be feasible as the complexity of the optimization problem is sufficiently low for the size and properties of a typical commercial cold chain. The estimated shelf life distances for a particular batch can thus be taken as a guide to optimize logistics. PMID:24797134

  15. Neuroanatomical and physiological evidence that the retrotrapezoid nucleus/parafacial region regulates expiration in adult rats.

    PubMed

    Silva, Josiane N; Tanabe, Fabiola M; Moreira, Thiago S; Takakura, Ana C

    2016-06-15

    The rostroventrolateral medulla contains two functional neuronal populations: (1) the parafacial respiratory group (pFRG) neurons and (2) the chemosensitive retrotrapezoid nucleus (RTN) neurons. Using anatomical and physiological techniques, we investigated the role of the RTN/pFRG in CO2-induced active expiration (AE) in urethane-anesthetized rats. Anterograde tracing using biotinylated dextran amine (BDA) revealed dense neuronal projections emanating from the RTN/pFRG to the caudal ventral respiratory group (cVRG), 60% of which contained vesicular glutamate transporter-2. The minority (16%) of the RTN projections to the cVRG emanated from Phox2b positive neurons. Hypercapnia (10% CO2) increased DiaEMG and elicited AbdEMG activity. Bilateral injections of muscimol (2mM) into the RTN/pFRG reduced the activation of DiaEMG (23±4%) and abolished AE-induced by chemoreflex stimulation. Taken together, these results support the presence of direct excitatory projections from RTN/pFRG neurons to cVRG expiratory premotor neurons, playing a role in the generation/modulation of AE. PMID:26900003

  16. ORGANIC MATTER IN THE EXPIRED BREATH WITH ESPECIAL REFERENCE TO ITS INHIBITING POWER ON OXIDIZING FERMENTS.

    PubMed

    Amoss, H L

    1913-02-01

    Weichardt claims to have demonstrated the presence of an organic body in the expired air. He allowed the exhaled breath to pass through hydrochloric acid solution, evaporated the resulting solution to dryness on a water bath, and obtained a weighable residue which charred on ignition. If he neutralized the acid solution and concentrated it under reduced pressure, he obtained a solution which inhibited the bluing of the guaiacum indicator by blood. By exposing calcium chloride in a room in which the air had been vitiated, he claimed also to have obtained a substance from the air which prevented the bluing of the guaiacum indicator by blood. The experiments here recorded show that a variable amount of matter is retained by weak hydrochloric solution when exhaled breath is passed through it, and that this matter is volatile on ignition. Contrary to the findings of Weichardt, there is no charring or blackening. Nesslerization shows the residue to consist mainly, if not wholly, of ammonium chloride. This ammonia is believed to have come from the decomposition of food particles about the teeth. In one case the person (S.) had smoked just before the experiment, so that a small amount of the ammonia from the tobacco smoke may have been held temporarily by the saliva and food particles in the mouth and been given off gradually during the experiment. Weichardt's experiments on the inhibition of the guaiacum test for blood by means of the substances retained when exhaled breath is passed through hydrochloric acid or over calcium chloride crystals are not corroborated. It is further shown that the guaiacum indicator is unreliable for these tests in view of the fact that a small amount of free acid or free alkali will inhibit the guaiacum test for blood. This fact is offered as a probable explanation of Weichardt's results. Calcium chloride alone gives a deep blue color with the guaiacin indicator. Weichardt used this salt to collect from the expired breath certain unknown

  17. Expired CO2 Levels Indicate Degree of Lung Aeration at Birth

    PubMed Central

    Hooper, Stuart B.; Fouras, Andreas; Siew, Melissa L.; Wallace, Megan J.; Kitchen, Marcus J.; Pas, Arjan B. te.; Klingenberg, Claus; Lewis, Robert A.; Davis, Peter G.; Morley, Colin J.; Schmölzer, Georg M.

    2013-01-01

    As neonatal resuscitation critically depends upon lung aeration at birth, knowledge of the progression of this process is required to guide ongoing care. We investigated whether expired CO2 (ECO2) levels indicate the degree of lung aeration immediately after birth in two animal models and in preterm infants. Lambs were delivered by caesarean section and ventilated from birth. In lambs, ECO2 levels were significantly (p<0.0001) related to tidal volumes and CO2 clearance/breath increased exponentially when tidal volumes were greater than 6 mL/kg. Preterm (28 days of gestation; term = 32 days) rabbits were also delivered by caesarean section and lung aeration was measured using phase contrast X-ray imaging. In rabbit kittens, ECO2 levels were closely related (p<0.001) to lung volumes at end-inflation and were first detected when ∼7% of the distal lung regions were aerated. ECO2 levels in preterm infants at birth also correlated with tidal volumes. In each infant, ECO2 levels increased to >10 mmHg 28 (median) (21–36) seconds before the heart rate increased above 100 beats per minute. These data demonstrate that ECO2 levels can indicate the relative degree of lung aeration after birth and can be used to clinically assess ventilation in the immediate newborn period. PMID:23951032

  18. [Acoustic and spirometric indices of forced expiration noise in the conditions of 5-day dry immersion].

    PubMed

    Mikhaĭlovskaia, A N; Osipova, A A; D'iachenko, A I

    2011-01-01

    Dynamic studies of forced expiration (FE) indices involved 7 normal males aged 21 to 25 participating in a 5-d experiment with dry immersion (DI). FE spirometry was conducted simultaneously with registration of tracheal noise with the help of a microphone. Indices included acoustic duration of tracheal noise (Ta), forced lung capacity (FLC), FE volume per a second (FEV1), peak expiratory rate (PER) and time to reach (T(PER)) before DI, on DI days 1 and 4, and next day after completion. PER showed a significant decrease by 8.4% on DI day-1 and rose by 8.9% on DI day-4, though remaining below pre-DI values. Throughout the experiment, FLC and FEV1 did not change on the average. There was a noticeable increase of Ta by 17 % after DI which may suggest strengthening of respiratory resistance and invites further investigation. A moderate negative correlation was stated between TA and the Gensler index (r = -0.63), whereas correlation with the other spirometric indices was weak or absent. PMID:22423491

  19. An evaluation of Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy for detecting organic solvents in expired breath.

    PubMed

    Yost, Michael G; Rose, Martin A; Morgan, Michael S

    2003-03-01

    The aim of this study was to test the performance of gas-phase FTIR analysis on human breath samples. Ten volatile organic compounds (VOC) were examined for applicability to FTIR spectroscopy (ethanol, ethylbenzene, n-hexane, methyl ethyl ketone, methyl tert-butyl ether, m-xylene, 1,1,1-trichloroethane, trichloroethylene, tetrachloroethylene, and toluene). Three sets of detection limits (LOD) were determined for comparison. LOD(1) were generated from partial least squares (PLS) calibration methods using spectroscopic software, LOD(2) from spiked breath samples, and LOD(3) from blank breath samples. Mixed expired breath samples from four subjects were spiked at varying levels with four different VOC (hexane, methyl ethyl ketone, m-xylene and 1,1,1-trichloroethane) to validate spectral data and test overall accuracy. Breath samples spiked with m-xylene also were validated by GC/FID analysis. PLS-derived LOD(1) ranged from 0.06-2.47 ppm. Spiked breath sample LOD(2) ranged from 0.52-1.21 ppm. Blank breath LOD(3) measurements ranged from 0.17-1.70 ppm, except for ethanol, which had an LOD of 11.2 ppm. Predicted concentrations for carbon dioxide (slope = 1.06), m-xylene (slopes = 1.19, 1.21), and methyl ethyl ketone (slope = 0.93) were fairly accurate, while concentrations were underpredicted for n-hexane (slope = 0.69) and 1,1,1-trichloroethane (slopes = 0.58-0.66). PMID:12573961

  20. Shelf life modelling for first-expired-first-out warehouse management.

    PubMed

    Hertog, Maarten L A T M; Uysal, Ismail; McCarthy, Ultan; Verlinden, Bert M; Nicolaï, Bart M

    2014-06-13

    In the supply chain of perishable food products, large losses are incurred between farm and fork. Given the limited land resources and an ever-growing population, the food supply chain is faced with the challenge of increasing its handling efficiency and minimizing post-harvest food losses. Huge value can be added by optimizing warehouse management systems, taking into account the estimated remaining shelf life of the product, and matching it to the requirements of the subsequent part of the handling chain. This contribution focuses on how model approaches estimating quality changes and remaining shelf life can be combined in optimizing first-expired-first-out cold chain management strategies for perishable products. To this end, shelf-life-related performance indicators are used to introduce remaining shelf life and product quality in the cost function when optimizing the supply chain. A combinatorial exhaustive-search algorithm is shown to be feasible as the complexity of the optimization problem is sufficiently low for the size and properties of a typical commercial cold chain. The estimated shelf life distances for a particular batch can thus be taken as a guide to optimize logistics. PMID:24797134

  1. Alteration of expirated bloodstain patterns by Calliphora vicina and Lucilia sericata (Diptera: Calliphoridae) through ingestion and deposition of artifacts.

    PubMed

    Striman, Becca; Fujikawa, Amanda; Barksdale, Larry; Carter, David O

    2011-01-01

    Bloodstain pattern analysis can provide insight into a sequence of events associated with a violent crime. However, bloodstain pattern analysis can be confounded by the feeding activity of blow flies. We conducted two laboratory experiments to investigate the relationships between Lucilia sericata (green bottle fly) and Calliphora vicina (blue bottle fly), expirated bloodstains, and pooled bloodstains on a range of surfaces (linoleum, wallpaper, textured paint). C. vicina and L. sericata changed bloodstain pattern morphology through feeding and defecation. They also deposited artifacts in rooms where blood was not present originally. Chemical presumptive tests (Hemastix(®) , phenolphthalein, leucocrystal violet, fluorescein) were not able to differentiate between insect artifacts and bloodstains. Thus, C. vicina and L. sericata can confound bloodstain pattern analysis, crime scene investigation, and reconstruction. Crime scene investigators should be aware of these fundamental behaviors, and the effects that blow flies can have on expirated and pooled bloodstain patterns. PMID:21039518

  2. [The origin and development of special methods of "expiration and inspiration" (Tuna) in pre-Qin and Han dynasties].

    PubMed

    Yang, Xue-mei; Li, De-xing

    2009-07-01

    Tuna (special methods of expiration and inspiration) was generated in the working life and health activities of the early stage of the human race in ancient times. It developed in the period of the Qin, Han and three kingdoms, developing the theory of bionic expiration and inspiration as well as the breath of the upper pubic region (Dantian); the skill of the Qi conduction school emerged so that the skills of embryonic breath and the upper pubic region breath came into being. The skill of meditation of the Chan sect of the Western Regions was also introduced into the central plains at this time. The skill of counting breath had a profound impact on the skill of embryonic breath of the Taoism elixir school.

  3. Public vs. private provision of charity care? Evidence from the expiration of Hill-Burton requirements in Florida.

    PubMed

    Almond, Douglas; Currie, Janet; Simeonova, Emilia

    2011-01-01

    This paper explores the consequences of the expiration of charity care requirements imposed on private hospitals by the Hill-Burton Act. We examine delivery care and the health of newborns using the universe of Florida births from 1989 to 2003 combined with hospital data from the American Hospital Association. We find that charity care requirements were binding on hospitals, but that private hospitals under obligation "cream skimmed" the least risky maternity patients. Conditional on patient characteristics, they provided less intensive maternity services but without compromising patient health. When obligations expired, private hospitals quickly reduced their charity caseloads, shifting maternity patients to public hospitals. The results in this paper suggest, perhaps surprisingly, that requiring private providers to serve the underinsured can be effective. PMID:21183236

  4. Comparison of several chemometric methods of libraries and classifiers for the analysis of expired drugs based on Raman spectra.

    PubMed

    Gao, Qun; Liu, Yan; Li, Hao; Chen, Hui; Chai, Yifeng; Lu, Feng

    2014-06-01

    Some expired drugs are difficult to detect by conventional means. If they are repackaged and sold back into market, they will constitute a new public health challenge. For the detection of repackaged expired drugs within specification, paracetamol tablet from a manufacturer was used as a model drug in this study for comparison of Raman spectra-based library verification and classification methods. Raman spectra of different batches of paracetamol tablets were collected and a library including standard spectra of unexpired batches of tablets was established. The Raman spectrum of each sample was identified by cosine and correlation with the standard spectrum. The average HQI of the suspicious samples and the standard spectrum were calculated. The optimum threshold values were 0.997 and 0.998 respectively as a result of ROC and four evaluations, for which the accuracy was up to 97%. Three supervised classifiers, PLS-DA, SVM and k-NN, were chosen to establish two-class classification models and compared subsequently. They were used to establish a classification of expired batches and an unexpired batch, and predict the suspect samples. The average accuracy was 90.12%, 96.80% and 89.37% respectively. Different pre-processing techniques were tried to find that first derivative was optimal for methods of libraries and max-min normalization was optimal for that of classifiers. The results obtained from these studies indicated both libraries and classifier methods could detect the expired drugs effectively, and they should be used complementarily in the fast-screening.

  5. COSMIC monthly progress report

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1994-01-01

    Activities of the Computer Software Management and Information Center (COSMIC) are summarized for the month of April 1994. Tables showing the current inventory of programs available from COSMIC are presented and program processing and evaluation activities are summarized. Five articles were prepared for publication in the NASA Tech Brief Journal. These articles (included in this report) describe the following software items: GAP 1.0 - Groove Analysis Program, Version 1.0; SUBTRANS - Subband/Transform MATLAB Functions for Image Processing; CSDM - COLD-SAT Dynamic Model; CASRE - Computer Aided Software Reliability Estimation; and XOPPS - OEL Project Planner/Scheduler Tool. Activities in the areas of marketing, customer service, benefits identification, maintenance and support, and disseminations are also described along with a budget summary.

  6. Fermi at Six Months

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hays, Elizabeth

    2009-01-01

    An overview of the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope's first 6 months in operation is provided. The Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope, formerly called GLAST, is a mission to measure the cosmic gamma-ray flux in the energy rage 20 MeV to more than 300 GeV, with supporting measurements for gamma-ray bursts from 8 keV to 30 MeV. It contains a Large Area Telescope capable of viewing the entire sky every 3 hours and a Gamma-ray Burst Monitor for viewing the entire unocculted sky. Since its launch on June 11, 2008 Fermi has provided information on pulsars, gamma ray bursts, relativistic jets, the active galactic nucleus, and a globular star cluster. This presentation describes Fermi's development, mission, instruments and recent findings.

  7. Respirator triggering of electron beam computed tomography (EBCT): evaluation of dynamic changes during mechanical expiration in the traumatized patient

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Recheis, Wolfgang A.; Kleinsasser, Axel; Hatschenberger, Robert; Knapp, Rudolf; zur Nedden, Dieter; Hoermann, Christoph

    1999-05-01

    The purpose of this project is to evaluate the dynamic changes during expiration at different levels of positive end- expiratory pressure (PEEP) in the ventilated patient. We wanted to discriminate between normal lung function and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). After approval by the local Ethic Committee we studied two ventilated patients: (1) with normal lung function; (2) ARDS). We used the 50 ms scan mode of the EBCT. The beam was positioned 1 cm above the diaphragm. The table position remained unchanged. An electronic trigger was developed, that utilizes the respirators synchronizing signal to start the EBCT at the onset of expiration. During controlled mechanical expiration at two levels of PEEP (0 and 15 cm H2O), pulmonary aeration was rated as: well-aerated (-900HU/-500HU), poorly- aerated (-500HU/-100HU) and non-aerated (-100HU/+100HU). Pathological and normal lung function showed different dynamic changes (FIG.4-12). The different PEEP levels resulted in a significant change of pulmonary aeration in the same patient. Although we studied only a very limited number of patients, respirator triggered EBCT may be accurate in discriminating pathological changes due to the abnormal lung function in the mechanically ventilated patient.

  8. Free radical entrapment and crystallinity of resin composites after accelerated aging as a function of the expiration date.

    PubMed

    D'Alpino, Paulo Henrique Perlatti; Vismara, Marcos Vinícius Gonçalves; González, Alejandra Hortencia Miranda; Graeff, Carlos Frederico de Oliveira

    2014-08-01

    This study evaluated the spin concentration and the crystallinity in different classifications of dental composites as a function of the material condition (new, aged and expired). Specimens were obtained according to the factors: composites: Filtek P60, Filtek Z250, Filtek Z350XT, and Filtek Silorane; and material conditions: new, aged, and expired. The syringe composites underwent an accelerated aging protocol (Arrhenius model). The magnetic properties of the composites were characterized using Electron Paramagnetic Resonance (EPR) and the concentration of spins (number of spins/mass) was calculated. The crystallinity of the composites tested was characterized with X-ray diffraction (XRD). Filtek P60 and Filtek Z250 presented similarities in terms of spin concentration and crystallinity, irrespective of the material condition. The aging protocol influenced the composite Filtek Z350XT that exhibited a significant increase in the spin concentration. Besides, lower intensity peaks of the organic matrix and amorphous silica were also observed for both aged and expired Filtek Z350XT. Although a significant lower spin concentration was observed for the silorane composite in comparison to that of the methacrylates, a decrease in the relative intensity of peaks of the amorphous region related to the organic components in the diffractograms was observed. The material conditions tested influence the crystallinity and the magnetic properties of the composites evaluated.

  9. Stennis observes Women's History Month

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2010-01-01

    NASA John C. Stennis Space Center employees observed Women's History Month on March 17 with a panel discussion that featured accomplished women of the facility. The gathering featured (l to r): Pam Covington, manager of the NASA Office of External Affairs at Stennis; Mary Jones, assistant chief of staff with the Navy Meterology & Oceanography Command; and Lauren Underwood, senior research scientist with Science Systems and Applications, Inc. In addition to the panel discussion, the Stennis Diversity Council and Patriot Technologies also hosted a pair of 'lunch-and-learn' sessions focused on women's issues and history. The luncheons featured videos on Sally Hemings, the slave widely recognized as the mistress of President Thomas Jefferson; and several mothers of U.S. presidents.

  10. COSMIC monthly progress report

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1993-01-01

    Activities of the Computer Software Management and Information Center (COSMIC) are summarized for the month of August, 1993. Tables showing the current inventory of programs available from COSMIC are presented and program processing and evaluation activities are discussed. Ten articles were prepared for publication in the NASA Tech Brief Journal. These articles (included in this report) describe the following software items: (1) MOM3D - A Method of Moments Code for Electromagnetic Scattering (UNIX Version); (2) EM-Animate - Computer Program for Displaying and Animating the Steady-State Time-Harmonic Electromagnetic Near Field and Surface-Current Solutions; (3) MOM3D - A Method of Moments Code for Electromagnetic Scattering (IBM PC Version); (4) M414 - MIL-STD-414 Variable Sampling Procedures Computer Program; (5) MEDOF - Minimum Euclidean Distance Optimal Filter; (6) CLIPS 6.0 - C Language Integrated Production System, Version 6.0 (Macintosh Version); (7) CLIPS 6.0 - C Language Integrated Production System, Version 6.0 (IBM PC Version); (8) CLIPS 6.0 - C Language Integrated Production System, Version 6.0 (UNIX Version); (9) CLIPS 6.0 - C Language Integrated Production System, Version 6.0 (DEC VAX VMS Version); and (10) TFSSRA - Thick Frequency Selective Surface with Rectangular Apertures. Activities in the areas of marketing, customer service, benefits identification, maintenance and support, and dissemination are also described along with a budget summary.

  11. COSMIC monthly progress report

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1994-01-01

    Activities of the Computer Software Management and Information Center (COSMIC) are summarized for the month of May 1994. Tables showing the current inventory of programs available from COSMIC are presented and program processing and evaluation activities are summarized. Nine articles were prepared for publication in the NASA Tech Brief Journal. These articles (included in this report) describe the following software items: (1) WFI - Windowing System for Test and Simulation; (2) HZETRN - A Free Space Radiation Transport and Shielding Program; (3) COMGEN-BEM - Composite Model Generation-Boundary Element Method; (4) IDDS - Interactive Data Display System; (5) CET93/PC - Chemical Equilibrium with Transport Properties, 1993; (6) SDVIC - Sub-pixel Digital Video Image Correlation; (7) TRASYS - Thermal Radiation Analyzer System (HP9000 Series 700/800 Version without NASADIG); (8) NASADIG - NASA Device Independent Graphics Library, Version 6.0 (VAX VMS Version); and (9) NASADIG - NASA Device Independent Graphics Library, Version 6.0 (UNIX Version). Activities in the areas of marketing, customer service, benefits identification, maintenance and support, and dissemination are also described along with a budget summary.

  12. Petroleum supply monthly

    SciTech Connect

    1995-10-01

    The Petroleum Supply Monthly (PSM) is one of a family of four publications produced by the Petroleum Supply Division within the Energy Information Administration (EIA) reflecting different levels of data timeliness and completeness. The other publications are the Weekly Petroleum Status Report (WPSR), the Winter Fuels Report, and the Petroleum Supply Annual (PSA). Data presented in the PSM describe the supply and disposition of petroleum products in the United States and major US geographic regions. The data series describe production, imports and exports, inter-Petroleum Administration for Defense (PAD) District movements, and inventories by the primary suppliers of petroleum products in the United States (50 States and the District of Columbia). The reporting universe includes those petroleum sectors in primary supply. Included are: petroleum refiners, motor gasoline blends, operators of natural gas processing plants and fractionators, inter-PAD transporters, importers, and major inventory holders of petroleum products and crude oil. When aggregated, the data reported by these sectors approximately represent the consumption of petroleum products in the United States.

  13. Petroleum Supply Monthly

    SciTech Connect

    1996-02-01

    The Petroleum Supply Monthly (PSM) is one of a family of four publications produced by the Petroleum Supply Division within the Energy Information Administration (EIA) reflecting different levels of data timeliness and completeness. The other publications are the Weekly Petroleum Status Report (WPSR), the Winter Fuels Report, and the Petroleum Supply Annual (PSA). Data presented in the PSM describe the supply and disposition of petroleum products in the United States and major U.S. geographic regions. The data series describe production, imports and exports, inter-Petroleum Administration for Defense (PAD) District movements, and inventories by the primary suppliers of petroleum products in the United States (50 States and the District of Columbia). The reporting universe includes those petroleum sectors in primary supply. Included are: petroleum refiners, motor gasoline blenders, operators of natural gas processing plants and fractionators, inter-PAD transporters, importers, and major inventory holders of petroleum products and crude oil. When aggregated, the data reported by these sectors approximately represent the consumption of petroleum products in the United States. Data presented in the PSM are divided into two sections: Summary Statistics and Detailed Statistics.

  14. Brainstem Regions Involved in the Expiration Reflex. A c-fos Study in Anesthetized Cats

    PubMed Central

    Poliacek, Ivan; Halasova, Erika; Jakus, Jan; Murin, Peter; Barani, Helena; Stransky, Albert; Bolser, Donald C

    2009-01-01

    Expression of the immediate-early gene c-fos, a marker of neuronal activation, was employed to localize brainstem neuronal populations functionally related to the expiration reflex (ER). Twelve spontaneously breathing, non-decerebrate, pentobarbital anesthetized cats were used. The level of Fos-like immunoreactivity (FLI) in 6 animals with repetitive ERs mechanically induced from the glottis (296±9 ERs) was compared to FLI in 6 control non-stimulated cats. Respiratory rate, arterial blood pressure, and end tidal CO2 concentration remained stable during the experiment. In the medulla, increased FLI was found in the region of nucleus tractus solitarii (p<0.001), in the ventrolateral medulla along with the lateral tegmental field (p<0.01), and in the vestibular nuclei (p<0.01). In the pons, increased FLI was detected in the caudal extensions of the lateral parabrachial and Kölliker-Fuse nuclei (p<0.05). Within the rostral mesencephalon FLI was enhanced in the midline area (p<0.05). A lower level of ER-related FLI compared to control animals was detected in the pontine raphe region (p<0.05) and the lateral division of mesencephalic periaqueductal gray (p<0.05). The results suggest that the ER is coordinated by a complex long loop of medullary-pontine-mesencephalic neuronal circuits, some of which may differ from those of other respiratory reflexes. The FLI related to the expulsive behavior ER differs from that induced by laryngeal stimulation and laryngeal adductor responses, particularly in ventrolateral medulla and mesencephalon. PMID:17964550

  15. Dose monitoring in Partial Liquid Ventilation by infrared measurement of expired perfluorochemicals.

    PubMed

    Mazzoni, M; Nugent, L; Klein, D; Hoffman, J; Sekins, K M; Flaim, S F

    1999-01-01

    Patients undergoing Partial Liquid Ventilation (PLV) with the perfluorochemical liquid perflubron (PFB) continuously evaporate the drug from the lung during ventilatory expiration. In this study, two infrared (IR) devices, a modified industrial analyzer ("experimental prototype") and a custom-designed device suitable for use in a clinical environment ("clinical prototype"), were calibrated and validated on the bench to measure a range of PFB concentrations (CPFB) in a gas stream. PFB loss from the lung (area under the CPFB-vs-time-curve) could be correlated during PLV simulation with changes in tidal volume, breathing rate, and variable CPFB-vs-time profiles. The two IR devices produced nearly identical measurements for the same CPFB standards (maximum deviation = 1.5%). The experimental IR prototype was tested in 17 anesthetized, paralyzed, and ventilated swine (42-53 kg) to quantify the total amount and rate of evaporate loss of PFB over 12 hours of PLV, both with and without periodic supplemental PFB doses. The residual PFB volumes in the animal lungs at the end of the study, as determined by a gravimetric postmortem lung method, were found to agree on average for all animals to within 10% of the residual PFB volume as predicted by the IR approach. Furthermore, the IR signal of CPFB does not appear to correlate with the absolute amount of PFB in the lungs, but may reflect the relative proportion of PFB-wetted airway and alveolar surface. The authors conclude that IR quantitation of PFB evaporative loss is acceptably accurate for extended periods of PLV and may be a useful tool in the clinic for PFB dose monitoring and maintenance, thereby helping to optimize PLV treatment.

  16. Monthly energy review, August 1997

    SciTech Connect

    1997-08-01

    The Monthly Energy Review for the month of August 1997, presents an overview of the Energy Information Administration`s recent monthly energy statistics. The statistics cover the major activities of U.S. production, consumption, trade, stocks, and prices for petroleum, natural gas, coal, electricity, and nuclear energy. Also included are international energy and thermal and metric conversion factors.

  17. 2D spatiotemporal visualization system of expired gaseous ethanol after oral administration for real-time illustrated analysis of alcohol metabolism.

    PubMed

    Wang, Xin; Ando, Eri; Takahashi, Daishi; Arakawa, Takahiro; Kudo, Hiroyuki; Saito, Hirokazu; Mitsubayashi, Kohji

    2010-08-15

    A novel 2-dimensional spatiotemporal visualization system of expired gaseous ethanol after oral administration for real-time illustrated analysis of alcohol metabolism has been developed, which employed a low level light CCD camera to detect chemiluminescence (CL) generated by catalytic reactions of standard gaseous ethanol and expired gaseous ethanol after oral administration. First, the optimization of the substrates for visualization and the concentration of luminol solution for CL were investigated. The cotton mesh and 5.0 mmol L(-1) luminol solution were selected for further investigations and this system is useful for 0.1-20.0 mmol L(-1) of H(2)O(2) solution. Then, the effect of pH condition of Tris-HCl buffer solution was also evaluated with CL intensity and under the Tris-HCl buffer solution pH 10.1, a wide calibration range of standard gaseous ethanol (30-400 ppm) was obtained. Finally, expired air of 5 healthy volunteers after oral administration was measured at 15, 30, 45, 60, 75, 90, 105 and 120 min after oral administration, and this system showed a good sensitivity on expired gaseous ethanol for alcohol metabolism. The peaks of expired gaseous ethanol concentration appeared within 30 min after oral administration. During the 30 min after oral administration, the time variation profile based on mean values showed the absorption and distribution function, and the values onward showed the elimination function. The absorption and distribution of expired gaseous ethanol in 5 healthy volunteers following first-order absorption process were faster than the elimination process, which proves efficacious of this system for described alcohol metabolism in healthy volunteers. This system is expected to be used as a non-invasive method to detect VOCs as well as several other drugs in expired air for clinical purpose.

  18. Grasslands, wetlands, and agriculture: the fate of land expiring from the Conservation Reserve Program in the Midwestern United States

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Morefield, Philip E.; LeDuc, Stephen D.; Clark, Christopher M.; Iovanna, Richard

    2016-09-01

    The Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) is the largest agricultural land-retirement program in the United States, providing many environmental benefits, including wildlife habitat and improved air, water, and soil quality. Since 2007, however, CRP area has declined by over 25% nationally with much of this land returning to agriculture. Despite this trend, it is unclear what types of CRP land are being converted, to what crops, and where. All of these specific factors greatly affect environmental impacts. To answer these questions, we quantified shifts in expiring CRP parcels to five major crop-types (corn, soy, winter and spring wheat, and sorghum) in a 12-state, Midwestern region of the United States using a US Department of Agriculture (USDA), field-level CRP database and USDA’s Cropland Data Layer. For the years 2010 through 2013, we estimate almost 30%, or more than 530 000 ha, of expiring CRP land returned to the production of these five crops in our study area, with soy and corn accounting for the vast majority of these shifts. Grasslands were the largest type of CRP land converted (360 000 ha), followed by specifically designated wildlife habitat (76 000 ha), and wetland areas (53 000 ha). These wetland areas were not just wetlands themselves, but also a mix of land covers enhancing or protecting wetland ecosystem services (e.g., wetland buffers). Areas in the Dakotas, Nebraska, and southern Iowa were hotspots of change, with the highest areas of CRP land moving back to agriculture. By contrast, we estimate only a small amount (∼3%) of the expiring land shifted into similar, non-CRP land-retirement or easement programs. Reconciling needs for food, feed, fuel, and healthy ecosystems is an immense challenge for farmers, conservationists, and state and federal agencies. Reduced enrollment and the turnover of CRP land from conservation to agriculture raises questions about sustaining ecosystem services in this region.

  19. Phox2b-expressing neurons of the parafacial region regulate breathing rate, inspiration, and expiration in conscious rats.

    PubMed

    Abbott, Stephen B G; Stornetta, Ruth L; Coates, Melissa B; Guyenet, Patrice G

    2011-11-01

    The retrotrapezoid nucleus contains Phox2b-expressing glutamatergic neurons (RTN-Phox2b neurons) that regulate breathing in a CO₂-dependent manner. Here we use channelrhodopsin-based optogenetics to explore how these neurons control breathing in conscious and anesthetized adult rats. Respiratory entrainment (pacing) of breathing frequency (fR) was produced over 57% (anesthetized) and 28% (conscious) of the natural frequency range by burst activation of RTN-Phox2b neurons (3-8 × 0.5-20 ms pulses at 20 Hz). In conscious rats, pacing under normocapnic conditions increased tidal volume (V(T)) and each inspiration was preceded by active expiration, denoting abdominal muscle contraction. During long-term pacing V(T) returned to prestimulation levels, suggesting that central chemoreceptors such as RTN-Phox2b neurons regulate V(T) partly independently of their effect on fR. Randomly applied light trains reset the respiratory rhythm and shortened the expiratory phase when the stimulus coincided with late-inspiration or early-expiration. Importantly, continuous (20 Hz) photostimulation of the RTN-Phox2b neurons and a saturating CO₂ concentration produced similar effects on breathing that were much larger than those elicited by phasic RTN stimulation. In sum, consistent with their anatomical projections, RTN-Phox2b neurons regulate lung ventilation by controlling breathing frequency, inspiration, and active expiration. Adult RTN-Phox2b neurons can entrain the respiratory rhythm if their discharge is artificially synchronized, but continuous activation of these neurons is much more effective at increasing lung ventilation. These results suggest that RTN-Phox2b neurons are no longer rhythmogenic in adulthood and that their average discharge rate may be far more important than their discharge pattern in driving lung ventilation.

  20. [Test using vapourated expired nasal breathing in medicine 100 years ago and in paestum 2 300 years ago].

    PubMed

    Pirsig, W

    2014-11-01

    This historical sketch follows the traces of a mirror, once used to test the last breath of a dying woman. It was found on the fresco of a tomb in Paestum dated about 320 BC. In 1889, Hendrik Zwaardemaker (Utrecht) was the first to present a hygrometric functional test using a cold mirror placed under the nose to estimate the degree of airflow obstruction during exhalation. In 1901, Ernst Glatzel (Berlin) modified Zwaardemaker's concept by engraving a series of equidistant arcs into his metallic mirror to further quantify the amounts of condensed vapour in the expired air. The Glatzel-mirror was used in Germany until after the Second World War. PMID:25369157

  1. Responder Technology Alert Monthly (December 2014)

    SciTech Connect

    Upton, Jaki F.; Stein, Steven L.

    2015-02-13

    As part of technology foraging for the Responder Technology Alliance, established by the Department of Homeland Science and Technologies First Responders Group, this report summarizes technologies that are relevant in the area of “wearables,” with the potential for use by first responders. The content was collected over the previous month(s) and reproduced from a general Internet search using the term wearables. Additional information is available at the websites provided. This report is not meant to be an exhaustive list nor an endorsement of any technology described herein. Rather, it is meant to provide useful information about current developments in the areas wearable technology.

  2. Responder Technology Alert Monthly (January 2015)

    SciTech Connect

    Upton, Jaki F.; Stein, Steven L.

    2015-02-01

    As part of technology foraging for the Responder Technology Alliance, established by the Department of Homeland Science and Technologies First Responders Group, this report summarizes technologies that are relevant in the area of “wearables,” with the potential for use by first responders. The content was collected over the previous month(s) and reproduced from a general Internet search using the term wearables. Additional information is available at the websites provided. This report is not meant to be an exhaustive list nor an endorsement of any technology described herein. Rather, it is meant to provide useful information about current developments in the areas wearable technology.

  3. Building a Culture of Literacy Month-by-Month

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davis, Hilarie

    2008-01-01

    This book will help create a culture of literacy at schools, from the classroom, to the lunchroom, to the hallways-a culture that encompasses students, teachers, administrators, families, and communities. This comprehensive and practical book includes: (1) Month-by-month plans for the entire school year; (2) How to build a faculty vision of…

  4. Natural gas monthly, August 1995

    SciTech Connect

    1995-08-24

    The Natural Gas Monthly (NGM) highlights activities, events, and analyses of interest to public and private sector organizations associated with the natural gas industry. Volume and price data are presented each month for natural gas production, distribution, consumption, and interstate pipeline activities. Producer-related activities and underground storage data are also reported. From time to time, the NGM features articles designed to assist readers in using and interpreting natural gas information. This month`s feature article is on US Natural Gas Imports and Exports 1994.

  5. Monthly energy review, January 1998

    SciTech Connect

    1998-01-01

    This report presents an overview of recent monthly energy statistics. Major activities covered include production, consumption, trade, stocks, and prices for fossil fuels, electricity, and nuclear energy.

  6. Natural gas monthly, July 1997

    SciTech Connect

    1997-07-01

    The Natural Gas Monthly (NGM) highlights activities, events, and analyses of interest to public and private sector organizations associated with the natural gas industry. Volume and price data are presented each month for natural gas production, distribution, consumption, and interstate pipeline activities. Producer-related activities and underground storage data are also reported. From time to time, the NGM features articles designed to assist readers in using and interpreting natural gas information. The feature article this month is entitled ``Intricate puzzle of oil and gas reserves growth.`` A special report is included on revisions to monthly natural gas data. 6 figs., 24 tabs.

  7. Natural Gas Monthly, October 1993

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1993-11-10

    The (NGM) Natural Gas Monthly highlights activities, events, and analyses of interest to public and private sector organizations associated with the natural gas industry. Volume and price data are presented each month for natural gas production, distribution, consumption, and interstate pipeline activities. Producer-related activities and underground storage data are also reported. From time to time, the NGM features articles designed to assist readers in using and interpreting natural gas information. This month`s feature articles are: US Production of Natural Gas from Tight Reservoirs: and Expanding Rule of Underground Storage.

  8. Natural gas monthly, May 1994

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1994-05-25

    The Natural Gas Monthly (NGM) highlights activities, events, and analyses of interest to public and private sector organizations associated with the natural gas industry. Volume and price data are presented each month for natural gas production, distribution, consumption, and interstate pipeline activities. Producer-related activities and underground storage data are also reported. From time to time, the NGM features articles designed to assist readers in using and interpreting natural gas information. The featured articles for this month are: Opportunities with fuel cells, and revisions to monthly natural gas data.

  9. Restoration of reproductive potential following expiration or removal of melengestrol acetate contraceptive implants in golden lion tamarins (Leontopithecus rosalia).

    PubMed

    Wood, C; Ballou, J D; Houle, C S

    2001-12-01

    Although reversible contraception is important to successful management of small populations, there are concerns about the reversibility of melengestrol acetate (MGA), the most commonly used implant in captive animals. Female golden lion tamarins (Leontopithecus rosalia) placed in potential breeding situations after surgical MGA implant removal showed a 75% return to reproduction within 2 yr, unlike golden-headed tamarins (Leontopithecus chrysomelas), which have had a 29% return to reproduction following implant removal. This rate was indistinguishable from the breeding probability for newly formed pairs involving nonimplanted females. Litter size, stillbirth rate, and infant survival rate were not significantly different between nonimplanted and implant-removed female golden lion tamarins. However, females with implants left in (and assumed to have expired) showed higher stillbirth and infant mortality rates than did females with implants removed. For seven female golden lion tamarins for which reproductive histories before and after MGA implantation were available, litter size was unaffected by MGA implantation and subsequent removal. Infant survival rate for these females appeared to be lower after removal but was indistinguishable from rates in the nonimplanted females. Prior reproductive experience, length of time with an implant, and age of the females did not affect the probability of breeding for females after removal of the implants. Overall, breeding probability of nonimplanted females declined with age. Although the results of this study confirm the reversibility of MGA implants in golden lion tamarins, there appear to be some effects on viability of offspring, particularly offspring born to females with implants left in and presumed expired.

  10. Monthly energy review, November 1997

    SciTech Connect

    1997-11-01

    The Monthly Energy Review (MER) presents an overview of the Energy Information Administration`s recent monthly energy statistics. The statistics cover the major activities of US production, consumption, trade, stocks, and prices for petroleum, natural gas, coal, electricity, and nuclear energy. Also included are international energy and thermal and metric conversion factors. 37 figs., 91 tabs.

  11. Monthly Energy Review, February 1996

    SciTech Connect

    1996-02-26

    This monthly publication presents an overview of EIA`s recent monthly energy statistics, covering the major activities of U.S. production, consumption, trade, stocks, and prices for petroleum, natural gas, coal, electricity, and nuclear energy. Also included are international energy and thermal and metric conversion factors. Two brief descriptions (`energy plugs`) on two EIA publications are presented at the start.

  12. Celebration Time: Black History Month

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pinkney, Andrea Davis

    2008-01-01

    Nowadays, more students, teachers, and librarians are aware of African-American History Month and try to give it greater attention. However, the author questions herself if people do really "celebrate" African-American History Month or is it just something folks feel obligated to do, so they "celebrate" by displaying a collection of books about…

  13. Natural gas monthly, January 1999

    SciTech Connect

    1999-02-01

    The Natural Gas Monthly (NGM) highlights activities, events, and analyses of interest to public and private sector organizations associated with the natural gas industry. Volume and price data are presented each month for natural gas production, distribution, consumption, and interstate pipeline activities. Producer-related activities and underground storage data are also reported. 6 figs., 28 tabs.

  14. Natural gas monthly, February 1999

    SciTech Connect

    1999-02-01

    The Natural Gas Monthly (NGM) highlights activities, events, and analyses of interest to public and private sector organizations associated with the natural gas industry. Volume and price data are presented each month for natural gas production, distribution, consumption, and interstate pipeline activities. Producer-related activities and underground storage data are also reported. 6 figs., 28 tabs.

  15. Natural gas monthly, November 1998

    SciTech Connect

    1998-11-01

    The Natural Gas Monthly (NGM) highlights activities, events, and analyses of interest to public and private sector organizations associated with the natural gas industry. Volume and price data are presented each month for natural gas production, distribution, consumption, and interstate pipeline activities. Producer-related activities and underground storage data are also reported. 6 figs., 27 tabs.

  16. Monthly energy review: April 1996

    SciTech Connect

    1996-04-01

    This monthly report presents an overview of energy statistics. The statistics cover the major activities of US production, consumption, trade, stocks, and prices for petroleum, natural gas, coal, electricity, and nuclear energy. A section is also included on international energy. The feature paper which is included each month is entitled ``Energy equipment choices: Fuel costs and other determinants.`` 37 figs., 59 tabs.

  17. Monthly energy review, February 1999

    SciTech Connect

    1999-02-01

    The Monthly Energy Review (MER) presents an overview of the Energy Information Administration`s recent monthly energy statistics. The statistics cover the major activities of US production, consumption, trade, stocks, and prices for petroleum, natural gas, coal, electricity, and nuclear energy. Also included are international energy and thermal and metric conversion factors. 37 figs., 73 tabs.

  18. Monthly energy review, October 1998

    SciTech Connect

    1998-10-01

    The Monthly Energy Review (MER) presents an overview of the Energy Information Administration`s recent monthly energy statistics. The statistics cover the major activities of US production, consumption, trade, stocks, and prices for petroleum, natural gas, coal, electricity, and nuclear energy. Also included are international energy and thermal and metric conversion factors. 37 figs., 61 tabs.

  19. Monthly energy review, June 1998

    SciTech Connect

    1998-06-01

    The Monthly Energy Review (MER) presents an overview of the Energy Information Administration`s recent monthly energy statistics. The statistics cover the major activities of US production, consumption, trade, stocks, and prices for petroleum, natural gas, coal, electricity, and nuclear energy. Also included are international energy and thermal and metric conversion factors. 36 figs., 61 tabs.

  20. Monthly energy review, March 1999

    SciTech Connect

    1999-03-01

    The Monthly Energy Review (MER) presents an overview of the Energy Information Administration`s recent monthly energy statistics. The statistics cover the major activities of US production, consumption, trade, stocks, and prices for petroleum, natural gas, coal, electricity, and nuclear energy. Also included are international energy and thermal and metric conversion factors. 37 figs., 74 tabs.