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Sample records for additional selection criteria

  1. 34 CFR 386.20 - What additional selection criteria are used under this program?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... selection criteria are used under this program? In addition to the criteria in 34 CFR 385.31(c), the... State-Federal rehabilitation service program. (1) The Secretary reviews each application for information... rehabilitation service program. (2) The Secretary looks for information that shows that the project can...

  2. 34 CFR 386.20 - What additional selection criteria are used under this program?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... selection criteria are used under this program? In addition to the criteria in 34 CFR 385.31(c), the... State-Federal rehabilitation service program. (1) The Secretary reviews each application for information... rehabilitation service program. (2) The Secretary looks for information that shows that the project can...

  3. 34 CFR 386.20 - What additional selection criteria are used under this program?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... selection criteria are used under this program? In addition to the criteria in 34 CFR 385.31(c), the... State-Federal rehabilitation service program. (1) The Secretary reviews each application for information... rehabilitation service program. (2) The Secretary looks for information that shows that the project can...

  4. 34 CFR 386.20 - What additional selection criteria are used under this program?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... selection criteria are used under this program? In addition to the criteria in 34 CFR 385.31(c), the... State-Federal rehabilitation service program. (1) The Secretary reviews each application for information... rehabilitation service program. (2) The Secretary looks for information that shows that the project can...

  5. 34 CFR 386.20 - What additional selection criteria are used under this program?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... selection criteria are used under this program? In addition to the criteria in 34 CFR 385.31(c), the... degree or certificate. (b) Nature and scope of curriculum. (1) The Secretary reviews each application for information that demonstrates the adequacy of the proposed curriculum. (2) The Secretary looks for...

  6. 34 CFR 396.31 - What additional selection criteria are used under this program?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... criteria in 34 CFR 396.30(c), the Secretary uses the following additional selection criterion to evaluate... INTERPRETERS FOR INDIVIDUALS WHO ARE DEAF AND INDIVIDUALS WHO ARE DEAF-BLIND How Does the Secretary Make an... both individuals who are deaf and individuals who are deaf-blind and to the needs of public and...

  7. 34 CFR 396.31 - What additional selection criteria are used under this program?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... criteria in 34 CFR 396.30(c), the Secretary uses the following additional selection criterion to evaluate... INTERPRETERS FOR INDIVIDUALS WHO ARE DEAF AND INDIVIDUALS WHO ARE DEAF-BLIND How Does the Secretary Make an... both individuals who are deaf and individuals who are deaf-blind and to the needs of public and...

  8. 34 CFR 396.31 - What additional selection criteria are used under this program?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... criteria in 34 CFR 396.30(c), the Secretary uses the following additional selection criterion to evaluate... INTERPRETERS FOR INDIVIDUALS WHO ARE DEAF AND INDIVIDUALS WHO ARE DEAF-BLIND How Does the Secretary Make an... both individuals who are deaf and individuals who are deaf-blind and to the needs of public and...

  9. 34 CFR 396.31 - What additional selection criteria are used under this program?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... criteria in 34 CFR 396.30(c), the Secretary uses the following additional selection criterion to evaluate... INTERPRETERS FOR INDIVIDUALS WHO ARE DEAF AND INDIVIDUALS WHO ARE DEAF-BLIND How Does the Secretary Make an... both individuals who are deaf and individuals who are deaf-blind and to the needs of public and...

  10. 34 CFR 396.31 - What additional selection criteria are used under this program?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... criteria in 34 CFR 396.30(c), the Secretary uses the following additional selection criterion to evaluate... INTERPRETERS FOR INDIVIDUALS WHO ARE DEAF AND INDIVIDUALS WHO ARE DEAF-BLIND How Does the Secretary Make an... both individuals who are deaf and individuals who are deaf-blind and to the needs of public and...

  11. 34 CFR 611.12 - What additional selection criteria are used for an application proposing teacher recruitment...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... EDUCATION TEACHER QUALITY ENHANCEMENT GRANTS PROGRAM State Grants Program § 611.12 What additional selection... 34 Education 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false What additional selection criteria are used for an application proposing teacher recruitment activities? 611.12 Section 611.12 Education Regulations of...

  12. 34 CFR 387.30 - What additional selection criteria are used under this program?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... under this program? In addition to the criteria in 34 CFR 385.31(c), the Secretary uses the following... service program. (1) The Secretary reviews each application for information that shows that the proposed... Secretary looks for information that shows that the project can be expected either— (i) To increase...

  13. 34 CFR 387.30 - What additional selection criteria are used under this program?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... under this program? In addition to the criteria in 34 CFR 385.31(c), the Secretary uses the following... service program. (1) The Secretary reviews each application for information that shows that the proposed... Secretary looks for information that shows that the project can be expected either— (i) To increase...

  14. 34 CFR 387.30 - What additional selection criteria are used under this program?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... under this program? In addition to the criteria in 34 CFR 385.31(c), the Secretary uses the following... service program. (1) The Secretary reviews each application for information that shows that the proposed... Secretary looks for information that shows that the project can be expected either— (i) To increase...

  15. 34 CFR 387.30 - What additional selection criteria are used under this program?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... under this program? In addition to the criteria in 34 CFR 385.31(c), the Secretary uses the following... achievement of the established project objectives of the training project; (ii) The curriculum and teaching methods provide for an integration of theory and practice relevant to the educational objectives of...

  16. 34 CFR 387.30 - What additional selection criteria are used under this program?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... under this program? In addition to the criteria in 34 CFR 385.31(c), the Secretary uses the following... workers. (b) Nature and scope of curriculum. (1) The Secretary reviews each application for information that demonstrates the adequacy and scope of the proposed curriculum. (2) The Secretary looks...

  17. 34 CFR 611.22 - What additional selection criteria are used for a pre-application that proposes teacher...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... EDUCATION TEACHER QUALITY ENHANCEMENT GRANTS PROGRAM Partnership Grants Program § 611.22 What additional... 34 Education 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What additional selection criteria are used for a pre-application that proposes teacher recruitment activities? 611.22 Section 611.22 Education Regulations of...

  18. 34 CFR 611.22 - What additional selection criteria are used for a pre-application that proposes teacher...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... EDUCATION TEACHER QUALITY ENHANCEMENT GRANTS PROGRAM Partnership Grants Program § 611.22 What additional... 34 Education 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false What additional selection criteria are used for a pre-application that proposes teacher recruitment activities? 611.22 Section 611.22 Education Regulations of...

  19. 34 CFR 611.24 - What additional selection criteria are used for a full application that proposes teacher...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... EDUCATION TEACHER QUALITY ENHANCEMENT GRANTS PROGRAM Partnership Grants Program § 611.24 What additional... 34 Education 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false What additional selection criteria are used for a full application that proposes teacher recruitment activities? 611.24 Section 611.24 Education Regulations of...

  20. 34 CFR 611.12 - What additional selection criteria are used for an application proposing teacher recruitment...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... selection criteria: (a) In addition to the elements contained in § 611.11(a) (Quality of project design), the Secretary considers the extent to which the project addresses— (1) Systemic changes in the ways... elements contained in § 611.11(c) (Quality of resources), the Secretary considers the impact of the...

  1. 34 CFR 611.12 - What additional selection criteria are used for an application proposing teacher recruitment...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... selection criteria: (a) In addition to the elements contained in § 611.11(a) (Quality of project design), the Secretary considers the extent to which the project addresses— (1) Systemic changes in the ways... elements contained in § 611.11(c) (Quality of resources), the Secretary considers the impact of the...

  2. 34 CFR 660.33 - What additional selection criteria does the Secretary use for an application to develop...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION THE INTERNATIONAL RESEARCH AND STUDIES PROGRAM How Does the Secretary Make a Grant... 34 Education 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What additional selection criteria does the Secretary use for an application to develop specialized instructional materials? 660.33 Section 660.33...

  3. 34 CFR 660.32 - What additional selection criteria does the Secretary use for an application for a research...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... use for an application for a research project, a survey, or a study? 660.32 Section 660.32 Education..., DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION THE INTERNATIONAL RESEARCH AND STUDIES PROGRAM How Does the Secretary Make a Grant... project, a survey, or a study? In addition to the criteria referred to in § 660.31, the...

  4. 34 CFR 660.32 - What additional selection criteria does the Secretary use for an application for a research...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... use for an application for a research project, a survey, or a study? 660.32 Section 660.32 Education... evaluates an application for a research project, study, or survey on the basis of the criteria in this..., DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION THE INTERNATIONAL RESEARCH AND STUDIES PROGRAM How Does the Secretary Make a...

  5. 34 CFR 660.32 - What additional selection criteria does the Secretary use for an application for a research...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... use for an application for a research project, a survey, or a study? 660.32 Section 660.32 Education... evaluates an application for a research project, study, or survey on the basis of the criteria in this..., DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION THE INTERNATIONAL RESEARCH AND STUDIES PROGRAM How Does the Secretary Make a...

  6. 34 CFR 660.32 - What additional selection criteria does the Secretary use for an application for a research...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... use for an application for a research project, a survey, or a study? 660.32 Section 660.32 Education... evaluates an application for a research project, study, or survey on the basis of the criteria in this..., DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION THE INTERNATIONAL RESEARCH AND STUDIES PROGRAM How Does the Secretary Make a...

  7. 34 CFR 611.24 - What additional selection criteria are used for a full application that proposes teacher...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... commitment to recruit, support and prepare additional well-qualified new teachers for high-need schools; (2) Appropriate academic and student support services; and (3) A comprehensive strategy for addressing shortages... impact of the project on high-need LEAs and high-need schools based upon— (1) The amount of...

  8. Criteria for selecting paramedic trainees.

    PubMed

    Atkins, J M; Cason, D; Ludovic, L S; Thal, E R

    1983-01-01

    The experience of training more than 700 paramedics and the detailed records of 221 paramedic students were reviewed to determine possible criteria for selecting individuals who could complete successfully a paramedic course. Individuals over 35 years of age who had not taken competitive examinations or college courses within the last 15 years faired poorly. Review of total college hours, college grade point average (GPA), science hours, and science GPA showed no difference between the group that passed paramedic school and the group that failed. Fire department rookie school grades and emergency medical technician-basic (EMT-A) grades correlated well with success or failure in paramedic school. Psychological screening was important in ruling out serious psychiatric disturbances but was of uncertain help in predicting early burnout.

  9. Resin selection criteria for tough composite structures

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Chamis, C. C.; Smith, G. T.

    1983-01-01

    Resin selection criteria are derived using a structured methodology consisting of an upward integrated mechanistic theory and its inverse (top-down structured theory). These criteria are expressed in a "criteria selection space" which are used to identify resin bulk properties for improved composite "toughness". The resin selection criteria correlate with a variety of experimental data including laminate strength, elevated temperature effects and impact resistance.

  10. Gut Health of Pigs: Challenge Models and Response Criteria with a Critical Analysis of the Effectiveness of Selected Feed Additives — A Review

    PubMed Central

    Adewole, D. I.; Kim, I. H.; Nyachoti, C. M.

    2016-01-01

    The gut is the largest organ that helps with the immune function. Gut health, especially in young pigs has a significant benefit to health and performance. In an attempt to maintain and enhance intestinal health in pigs and improve productivity in the absence of in-feed antibiotics, researchers have evaluated a wide range of feed additives. Some of these additives such as zinc oxide, copper sulphate, egg yolk antibodies, mannan-oligosaccharides and spray dried porcine plasma and their effectiveness are discussed in this review. One approach to evaluate the effectiveness of these additives in vivo is to use an appropriate disease challenge model. Over the years, researchers have used a number of challenge models which include the use of specific strains of enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli, bacteria lipopolysaccharide challenge, oral challenge with Salmonella enteric serotype Typhimurium, sanitation challenge, and Lawsonia intercellularis challenge. These challenge models together with the criteria used to evaluate the responses of the animals to them are also discussed in this review. PMID:26954144

  11. 30 CFR 762.12 - Additional criteria.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... whether they provide for greater protection of the public health, safety and welfare or the environment... UNSUITABLE FOR MINING CRITERIA FOR DESIGNATING AREAS AS UNSUITABLE FOR SURFACE COAL MINING OPERATIONS § 762... criteria for determining whether lands within the State should be designated as unsuitable for coal...

  12. Hepatocellular carcinoma beyond Milan criteria: Management and transplant selection criteria.

    PubMed

    Elshamy, Mohammed; Aucejo, Federico; Menon, K V Narayanan; Eghtesad, Bijan

    2016-07-28

    Liver transplantation (LT) for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has been established as a standard treatment in selected patients for the last two and a half decades. After initially dismal outcomes, the Milan criteria (MC) (single HCC ≤ 5 cm or up to 3 HCCs ≤ 3 cm) have been adopted worldwide to select HCC patients for LT, however cumulative experience has shown that MC can be too strict. This has led to the development of numerous expanded criteria worldwide. Morphometric expansions on MC as well as various criteria which incorporate biomarkers as surrogates of tumor biology have been described. HCC that presents beyond MC initially can be downstaged with locoregional therapy (LRT). Post-LRT monitoring aims to identify candidates with favorable tumor behavior. Similarly, tumor marker levels as response to LRT has been utilized as surrogate of tumor biology. Molecular signatures of HCC have also been correlated to outcomes; these have yet to be incorporated into HCC-LT selection criteria formally. The ongoing discrepancy between organ demand and supply makes patient selection the most challenging element of organ allocation. Further validation of extended HCC-LT criteria models and pre-LT treatment strategies are required. PMID:27478537

  13. Hepatocellular carcinoma beyond Milan criteria: Management and transplant selection criteria

    PubMed Central

    Elshamy, Mohammed; Aucejo, Federico; Menon, K V Narayanan; Eghtesad, Bijan

    2016-01-01

    Liver transplantation (LT) for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has been established as a standard treatment in selected patients for the last two and a half decades. After initially dismal outcomes, the Milan criteria (MC) (single HCC ≤ 5 cm or up to 3 HCCs ≤ 3 cm) have been adopted worldwide to select HCC patients for LT, however cumulative experience has shown that MC can be too strict. This has led to the development of numerous expanded criteria worldwide. Morphometric expansions on MC as well as various criteria which incorporate biomarkers as surrogates of tumor biology have been described. HCC that presents beyond MC initially can be downstaged with locoregional therapy (LRT). Post-LRT monitoring aims to identify candidates with favorable tumor behavior. Similarly, tumor marker levels as response to LRT has been utilized as surrogate of tumor biology. Molecular signatures of HCC have also been correlated to outcomes; these have yet to be incorporated into HCC-LT selection criteria formally. The ongoing discrepancy between organ demand and supply makes patient selection the most challenging element of organ allocation. Further validation of extended HCC-LT criteria models and pre-LT treatment strategies are required. PMID:27478537

  14. Selection of donor and organ viability criteria: expanding donation criteria.

    PubMed

    Gutiérrez, E; Andrés, A

    2007-01-01

    Donation criteria have been becoming more flexible over the years. Currently, the only absolute exclusion criteria are human immunodeficiency virus infection (HIV), uncontrolled tumor disease and bacterial or viral infections. ClinicaL. conditions dictate organ viability criteria: biochemical, morphological and functional, that must be fulfilled by the donors and their organs in order to focus the decision on which donor organs can be used. These criteria attempt to assure that the transplanted organs function after the extraction, transformation, implantation and reperfusion process without transmitting any infectious or tumour disease. In recent years, the gross and microscopic appearance has become one of the fundamental criteria for selection of potentially viable organs. At present, there is no age limit for hepatic and renal donation; the principal contra-indication is chronic organ damage. The use of each organ must be decided individually after a profound analysis of all the viability criteria, weighing the advantages and disadvantages of the implant of a certain organ for the recipient. PMID:17702512

  15. Educational Wikis: Features and Selection Criteria

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schwartz, Linda; Clark, Sharon; Cossarin, Mary; Rudolph, Jim

    2004-01-01

    This report discusses the educational uses of the "wiki," an increasingly popular approach to online community development. Wikis are defined and compared with "blogging" methods; characteristics of major wiki engines are described; and wiki features and selection criteria are examined.

  16. Cochlear implants: selection criteria and shifting borders.

    PubMed

    Lenarz, T

    1998-01-01

    Cochlear implants have proven to be effective and reliable in postlingually deaf adults. This is also true for congenitally deaf and perilingually deaf children up to the age of six years. Due to the increasing experience, the improvement of implant technology and the proven reliability the selection criteria are broadened with shifting borders. The main extensions are related to age, additional handicaps, residual hearing and special etiologies of deafness. Increasing evidence shows that very early implantation results in better performance and better hearing and speech development. Near-normal language acquisition can be achieved in children implanted under the age of four. Additional handicaps do not automatically exclude a candidate from cochlear implantation. A case-to-case decision has to be made based on additional diagnostics and the experience of the implant centre. A list of suitable handicaps is provided. Severely hearing impaired patients may also be considered for cochlear implantation if their residual hearing provides no benefit for speech discrimination. The same holds true for children. Cochlear implantation in obliterated cochleae and inner ear malformation requires a special surgical technique and special electrode arrays. In this way even difficult cases can be managed with remarkable outcome. Over all, the selection criteria have been broadened with increasing experience and technological improvement. This development may continue and the borderline between hearing aids and cochlear implants will shift further towards severe hearing loss. However, the basis for success still remains good rehabilitation, a team approach and the willingness of the patient to undergo the whole process of cochlear implantation.

  17. 40 CFR 228.6 - Specific criteria for site selection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 25 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Specific criteria for site selection... selection. (a) In the selection of disposal sites, in addition to other necessary or appropriate factors...) Existence at or in close proximity to the site of any significant natural or cultural features of...

  18. 40 CFR 228.6 - Specific criteria for site selection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 24 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Specific criteria for site selection... selection. (a) In the selection of disposal sites, in addition to other necessary or appropriate factors...; (10) Potentiality for the development or recruitment of nuisance species in the disposal site;...

  19. Crustal dynamics project site selection criteria

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Allenby, R.

    1983-01-01

    The criteria for selecting site locations and constructing observing pads and monuments for the Mobile VLB1 and the satellite laser ranging systems used in the NASA/GSFC Crustal Dynamics Project are discussed. Gross system characteristics (size, shape, weight, power requirement, foot prints, etc.) are given for the Moblas, MV-1 through 3, TLRS-1 through 4 and Series instruments.

  20. 32 CFR 903.3 - Selection criteria.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... must furnish a certified transcript from each high school or civilian preparatory school attended... Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR FORCE MILITARY TRAINING AND SCHOOLS AIR FORCE ACADEMY PREPARATORY SCHOOL § 903.3 Selection criteria. (a) Cadet candidates for the HQ...

  1. 32 CFR 903.3 - Selection criteria.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... must furnish a certified transcript from each high school or civilian preparatory school attended... Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR FORCE MILITARY TRAINING AND SCHOOLS AIR FORCE ACADEMY PREPARATORY SCHOOL § 903.3 Selection criteria. (a) Cadet candidates for the HQ...

  2. 32 CFR 903.3 - Selection criteria.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... must furnish a certified transcript from each high school or civilian preparatory school attended... Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR FORCE MILITARY TRAINING AND SCHOOLS AIR FORCE ACADEMY PREPARATORY SCHOOL § 903.3 Selection criteria. (a) Cadet candidates for the HQ...

  3. 32 CFR 903.3 - Selection criteria.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... must furnish a certified transcript from each high school or civilian preparatory school attended... Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR FORCE MILITARY TRAINING AND SCHOOLS AIR FORCE ACADEMY PREPARATORY SCHOOL § 903.3 Selection criteria. (a) Cadet candidates for the HQ...

  4. 32 CFR 903.3 - Selection criteria.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... must furnish a certified transcript from each high school or civilian preparatory school attended... Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR FORCE MILITARY TRAINING AND SCHOOLS AIR FORCE ACADEMY PREPARATORY SCHOOL § 903.3 Selection criteria. (a) Cadet candidates for the HQ...

  5. 28 CFR 34.3 - Selection criteria.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... achievement of project objectives; (4) The project management structure is adequate to the successful conduct....3 Selection criteria. (a) All individual project applications will, at a minimum, be subject to... to be addressed by the project is clearly stated; (2) The objectives of the proposed project...

  6. 28 CFR 34.3 - Selection criteria.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... achievement of project objectives; (4) The project management structure is adequate to the successful conduct....3 Selection criteria. (a) All individual project applications will, at a minimum, be subject to... to be addressed by the project is clearly stated; (2) The objectives of the proposed project...

  7. 28 CFR 34.3 - Selection criteria.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... achievement of project objectives; (4) The project management structure is adequate to the successful conduct....3 Selection criteria. (a) All individual project applications will, at a minimum, be subject to... to be addressed by the project is clearly stated; (2) The objectives of the proposed project...

  8. 28 CFR 34.3 - Selection criteria.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... achievement of project objectives; (4) The project management structure is adequate to the successful conduct....3 Selection criteria. (a) All individual project applications will, at a minimum, be subject to... to be addressed by the project is clearly stated; (2) The objectives of the proposed project...

  9. 28 CFR 34.3 - Selection criteria.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... achievement of project objectives; (4) The project management structure is adequate to the successful conduct....3 Selection criteria. (a) All individual project applications will, at a minimum, be subject to... to be addressed by the project is clearly stated; (2) The objectives of the proposed project...

  10. 9 CFR 201.216 - Additional capital investments criteria.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Additional capital investments... STOCKYARDS ACT Poultry-Packers and Live Poultry Dealers § 201.216 Additional capital investments criteria... or swine production contract grower make additional capital investments over the life of a...

  11. Criteria for deviation from predictions by the concentration addition model.

    PubMed

    Takeshita, Jun-Ichi; Seki, Masanori; Kamo, Masashi

    2016-07-01

    Loewe's additivity (concentration addition) is a well-known model for predicting the toxic effects of chemical mixtures under the additivity assumption of toxicity. However, from the perspective of chemical risk assessment and/or management, it is important to identify chemicals whose toxicities are additive when present concurrently, that is, it should be established whether there are chemical mixtures to which the concentration addition predictive model can be applied. The objective of the present study was to develop criteria for judging test results that deviated from the predictions by the concentration addition chemical mixture model. These criteria were based on the confidence interval of the concentration addition model's prediction and on estimation of errors of the predicted concentration-effect curves by toxicity tests after exposure to single chemicals. A log-logit model with 2 parameters was assumed for the concentration-effect curve of each individual chemical. These parameters were determined by the maximum-likelihood method, and the criteria were defined using the variances and the covariance of the parameters. In addition, the criteria were applied to a toxicity test of a binary mixture of p-n-nonylphenol and p-n-octylphenol using the Japanese killifish, medaka (Oryzias latipes). Consequently, the concentration addition model using confidence interval was capable of predicting the test results at any level, and no reason for rejecting the concentration addition was found. Environ Toxicol Chem 2016;35:1806-1814. © 2015 SETAC. PMID:26660330

  12. Supplier Selection Using Weighted Utility Additive Method

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Karande, Prasad; Chakraborty, Shankar

    2015-10-01

    Supplier selection is a multi-criteria decision-making (MCDM) problem which mainly involves evaluating a number of available suppliers according to a set of common criteria for choosing the best one to meet the organizational needs. For any manufacturing or service organization, selecting the right upstream suppliers is a key success factor that will significantly reduce purchasing cost, increase downstream customer satisfaction and improve competitive ability. The past researchers have attempted to solve the supplier selection problem employing different MCDM techniques which involve active participation of the decision makers in the decision-making process. This paper deals with the application of weighted utility additive (WUTA) method for solving supplier selection problems. The WUTA method, an extension of utility additive approach, is based on ordinal regression and consists of building a piece-wise linear additive decision model from a preference structure using linear programming (LP). It adopts preference disaggregation principle and addresses the decision-making activities through operational models which need implicit preferences in the form of a preorder of reference alternatives or a subset of these alternatives present in the process. The preferential preorder provided by the decision maker is used as a restriction of a LP problem, which has its own objective function, minimization of the sum of the errors associated with the ranking of each alternative. Based on a given reference ranking of alternatives, one or more additive utility functions are derived. Using these utility functions, the weighted utilities for individual criterion values are combined into an overall weighted utility for a given alternative. It is observed that WUTA method, having a sound mathematical background, can provide accurate ranking to the candidate suppliers and choose the best one to fulfill the organizational requirements. Two real time examples are illustrated to prove

  13. Selection criteria for internships in clinical neuropsychology.

    PubMed

    Ritchie, David; Odland, Anthony P; Ritchie, Abigail S; Mittenberg, Wiley

    2012-01-01

    Criteria used in the evaluation and selection of applicants for clinical neuropsychology internships were identified by a survey of programs that met guidelines for specialty training. The number of internships that offer training with specialization in clinical neuropsychology has more than doubled during the past 10 years. Supervising neuropsychologists from 75 programs replied to the survey, yielding a 72.8% response rate. Clinical experience in neuropsychological assessment, specialization in clinical neuropsychology during graduate education, personal interview, and letters of recommendation were reported to be the most salient selection criteria. Practica that provide experience with flexible or functional systems assessment approaches at university-affiliated or VA (U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs) medical centers and doctoral curricula that follow International Neuropsychological Society/Division 40 course guidelines, with teaching and supervision provided by neuropsychologists, were preferred prerequisites to internship. These results are consistent with selection criteria reported over a decade ago and indicate continued endorsement of the vertically integrated model of education and training outlined by the Houston Conference on Specialty Education and Training in Clinical Neuropsychology.

  14. Usefulness of information criteria for the selection of calibration curves.

    PubMed

    Rozet, E; Ziemons, E; Marini, R D; Hubert, Ph

    2013-07-01

    The reliability of analytical results obtained with quantitative analytical methods is highly dependent on the selection of the adequate model used as the calibration curve. To select the adequate response function or model the most used and known parameter is to determine the coefficient R(2). However, it is well-known that it suffers many inconveniences, such as leading to overfitting the data. A proposed solution is to use the adjusted determination coefficient R(adj)(2) that aims at reducing this problem. However, there is another family of criteria that exists to allow the selection of an adequate model: the information criteria AIC, AICc, and BIC. These criteria have rarely been used in analytical chemistry to select the adequate calibration curve. This works aims at assessing the performance of the statistical information criteria as well as R(2) and R(adj)(2) for the selection of an adequate calibration curve. They are applied to several analytical methods covering liquid chromatographic methods, as well as electrophoretic ones involved in the analysis of active substances in biological fluids or aimed at quantifying impurities in drug substances. In addition, Monte Carlo simulations are performed to assess the efficacy of these statistical criteria to select the adequate calibration curve.

  15. 48 CFR 236.602-1 - Selection criteria.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE SPECIAL CATEGORIES OF CONTRACTING CONSTRUCTION AND ARCHITECT-ENGINEER CONTRACTS Architect-Engineer Services 236.602-1 Selection criteria. (a) Establish the evaluation criteria...

  16. 48 CFR 236.602-1 - Selection criteria.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE SPECIAL CATEGORIES OF CONTRACTING CONSTRUCTION AND ARCHITECT-ENGINEER CONTRACTS Architect-Engineer Services 236.602-1 Selection criteria. (a) Establish the evaluation criteria...

  17. Criteria for staff pharmacist selection in Ohio.

    PubMed

    Sheridan, D J; Segal, R

    1989-02-01

    Criteria that pharmacy managers think are currently being used and criteria that they think should be used in the selection of staff pharmacists were identified. A questionnaire was mailed to pharmacy directors in 232 Ohio hospitals. Respondents were asked to indicate how frequently they think that pharmacy managers consider each of 63 criteria when choosing a staff pharmacist and whether each criterion should be considered in an ideal selection process. Respondents also assessed the effect that each of 17 of these criteria would have on their own hiring decisions, all other factors being equal. A total of 116 usable questionnaires were returned, for a 50% response rate. Respondents indicated that they believed that many managers consider the following when choosing a staff pharmacist: licensure status, salary requirements, date of availability, interest in the position, ability to relocate, willingness to work unexpected hours, appearance, honesty, friendliness, police record, previous illicit drug use, previous absenteeism record, and the reason for leaving the last job. Respondents also thought that the equal employment opportunity traits, with the exceptions of handicaps and the applicant's age, were considered by few or some managers. However, 17% of the respondents indicated that they would discriminate in favor of a married applicant, 14% indicated that they would discriminate against an applicant born outside of the United States, 22% indicated that they would discriminate against an applicant whose age was in the fifties, and 24% indicated that they would discriminate against an applicant with a handicap that could reasonably be accommodated.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

  18. 24 CFR 594.17 - General criteria for competitive selection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false General criteria for competitive... Allocation and Criteria § 594.17 General criteria for competitive selection. (a) Criteria. HUD will use the... (5) The quality of the strategy to increase the capacity of the organization and the...

  19. 24 CFR 594.17 - General criteria for competitive selection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... selection. 594.17 Section 594.17 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban... Allocation and Criteria § 594.17 General criteria for competitive selection. (a) Criteria. HUD will use the... neighborhood; (2) The past performance in carrying out eligible activities, and staff capability; (3)...

  20. 7 CFR 1469.6 - Enrollment criteria and selection process.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Enrollment criteria and selection process. 1469.6... General Provisions § 1469.6 Enrollment criteria and selection process. (a) Selection and funding of... existing natural resource, environmental quality, and agricultural activity data along with...

  1. 7 CFR 1469.6 - Enrollment criteria and selection process.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Enrollment criteria and selection process. 1469.6... General Provisions § 1469.6 Enrollment criteria and selection process. (a) Selection and funding of... existing natural resource, environmental quality, and agricultural activity data along with...

  2. 7 CFR 1469.6 - Enrollment criteria and selection process.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Enrollment criteria and selection process. 1469.6... General Provisions § 1469.6 Enrollment criteria and selection process. (a) Selection and funding of... existing natural resource, environmental quality, and agricultural activity data along with...

  3. 7 CFR 1944.679 - Project selection criteria.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 13 2011-01-01 2009-01-01 true Project selection criteria. 1944.679 Section 1944.679...) PROGRAM REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) HOUSING Housing Preservation Grants § 1944.679 Project selection criteria... selection of grant recipients. Each preapplication and its accompanying statement of activities will...

  4. Selection Criteria and Current Issues in Liver Transplantation for Hepatocellular Carcinoma

    PubMed Central

    Kaido, Toshimi

    2016-01-01

    Liver transplantation (LT) is an ideal treatment for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) because it not only resects HCCs but it also replaces the underlying damaged liver with normal tissue. However, the selection criteria are still a matter of debate. After the introduction of the Milan criteria, some expanded criteria focusing on tumor size and number have been proposed. In addition, new expanded criteria considering tumor biology have been proposed using tumor markers and 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography. This review summarizes the selection criteria in LT for HCC and introduces current issues focusing on the treatment for hepatitis C virus infection and the significance of sarcopenia in this field. PMID:27386430

  5. 7 CFR 400.303 - Initial selection criteria.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 6 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Initial selection criteria. 400.303 Section 400.303... Regulations for the 1991 and Succeeding Crop Years § 400.303 Initial selection criteria. (a) Nonstandard... .30 or greater; and (4) Either of the following apply: (i) The natural logarithm of the...

  6. 7 CFR 400.303 - Initial selection criteria.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 6 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Initial selection criteria. 400.303 Section 400.303... Regulations for the 1991 and Succeeding Crop Years § 400.303 Initial selection criteria. (a) Nonstandard... .30 or greater; and (4) Either of the following apply: (i) The natural logarithm of the...

  7. 7 CFR 400.303 - Initial selection criteria.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 6 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Initial selection criteria. 400.303 Section 400.303... Regulations for the 1991 and Succeeding Crop Years § 400.303 Initial selection criteria. (a) Nonstandard... .30 or greater; and (4) Either of the following apply: (i) The natural logarithm of the...

  8. 7 CFR 400.303 - Initial selection criteria.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 6 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Initial selection criteria. 400.303 Section 400.303... Regulations for the 1991 and Succeeding Crop Years § 400.303 Initial selection criteria. (a) Nonstandard... .30 or greater; and (4) Either of the following apply: (i) The natural logarithm of the...

  9. 24 CFR 954.105 - Criteria for selection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Criteria for selection. 954.105... DEVELOPMENT INDIAN HOME PROGRAM Applying for Assistance § 954.105 Criteria for selection. There are four... which the grantee has the administrative staff to carry out the project successfully. (c)...

  10. 7 CFR 400.303 - Initial selection criteria.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Initial selection criteria. 400.303 Section 400.303... Regulations for the 1991 and Succeeding Crop Years § 400.303 Initial selection criteria. (a) Nonstandard... .30 or greater; and (4) Either of the following apply: (i) The natural logarithm of the...

  11. 36 CFR 64.8 - Project selection criteria.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Project selection criteria. 64.8 Section 64.8 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL PARK SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR GRANTS AND ALLOCATIONS FOR RECREATION AND CONSERVATION USE OF ABANDONED RAILROAD RIGHTS-OF-WAY § 64.8 Project selection criteria. Those...

  12. Expert opinion: Time to ban formal CI selection criteria?

    PubMed

    Govaerts, Paul J

    2016-04-01

    This contribution addresses cochlear implantation (CI) selection criteria as a discussion topic. It expresses a personal viewpoint that challenges the usefulness and necessity of formal selection criteria. Scientifically, it is argued that CI selection must be highly individual, whereas the current criteria are general, not valid, not based on a wide consensus, and not up-to-date. Morally, it is argued that it is not legitimate to presume equality between patients and CI centers, that the current selection criteria create an ethical dilemma, and that an unresolvable contradiction exists between quality of life and measurability. Finally, liberalizing the criteria would probably have only a minimal impact on current practice and budget. PMID:27099117

  13. [Coronal filling biomaterials. Criteria for selection].

    PubMed

    Degrange, M

    1990-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to assess filling biomaterials according to specification criteria, the foremost of which is the respective ability of each to form a tight seal along cavity walls. Their direct or indirect (cementing or bonding) adhesive potential is the determining factor in their durability and the biocompatibility of the restoration achieved. Gold inlay alloys and amalgams appear as yet to be the most reliable and well-tolerated biomaterials for posterior restorations. For filling small cavities in the anterior sector, microfilled composites are clearly indicated; bonded porcelain, while not yet validated over time, would seem to be a good alternative for more extensive restorations.

  14. 9 CFR 201.216 - Additional capital investments criteria.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... contract or growing arrangement constitutes a violation of the Act. These criteria include, but are not... the slaughter plant or processing facility or intends or does substantially reduce or end...

  15. 9 CFR 201.216 - Additional capital investments criteria.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... contract or growing arrangement constitutes a violation of the Act. These criteria include, but are not... the slaughter plant or processing facility or intends or does substantially reduce or end...

  16. 13 CFR 301.9 - Proposal selection criteria.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Proposal selection criteria. 301.9 Section 301.9 Business Credit and Assistance ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE... competitiveness of the proposals based on the criteria set forth in § 301.8; and (3) The funding...

  17. Functional Literacy in Schoolchildren. Definition and Criteria of Test Selection.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bessemer, David W.; Spencer, Mary L.

    As part of the development of a functional literacy test for fourth through eigth grade children in Title I compensatory education programs, this report defines functional literacy for children and enumerates criteria for evaluating existing tests. Criteria for selection of a test include: (1) content, empirical, and construct validity; (2)…

  18. Multidimensional Adaptive Testing with Optimal Design Criteria for Item Selection

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mulder, Joris; van der Linden, Wim J.

    2009-01-01

    Several criteria from the optimal design literature are examined for use with item selection in multidimensional adaptive testing. In particular, it is examined what criteria are appropriate for adaptive testing in which all abilities are intentional, some should be considered as a nuisance, or the interest is in the testing of a composite of the…

  19. Evaluating Organizational Training Programs: Alternatives and Criteria for Selection.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marth, Joseph; And Others

    Managers and program sponsors are often unaware of possible alternatives to costly training evaluation procedures and do not have criteria for selecting alternatives. What is needed is an understanding of the various levels of evaluating training programs, feasible alternatives, and decision criteria for choosing the right system. It is proposed…

  20. 7 CFR 1948.80 - Planning grant selection criteria.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) PROGRAM REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) RURAL DEVELOPMENT Section 601 Energy Impacted Area Development Assistance Program § 1948.80 Planning grant selection criteria. The following criteria will be... and/or uranium development activities in the year of designation within the approved designated...

  1. 7 CFR 1948.80 - Planning grant selection criteria.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) PROGRAM REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) RURAL DEVELOPMENT Section 601 Energy Impacted Area Development Assistance Program § 1948.80 Planning grant selection criteria. The following criteria will be... and/or uranium development activities in the year of designation within the approved designated...

  2. Living donor transplant: wider selection criteria.

    PubMed

    Splendiani, G; Cipriani, S; Valeri, M; Torlone, N; Vega, A; Tullio, T; Condò, S; Dominijanni, S; Casciani, C U

    2004-04-01

    The availability of cadaveric donor organs is insufficient for actual needs. The organ demand increases by 20% per year. Living donor transplant (LDT) may be a valid therapeutical alternative provided one uses proper criteria. LDT provides many advantages, like improved patient and organ survival, short waiting time, and the possibility to carefully plan the procedure. Potential risks include perioperative mortality and renal dysfunction in the kidney donor. At present, kidney LDTs in Italy represent 8% of the total, with an organ survival rate of 97% after 1 year (vs 93% for cadaveric transplants) and donors mortality rate of almost null. Most LDTs are performed from kinsmen. Presently, law no. 458, 26 June 1967, is in force in Italy for kidney LDT and law no. 453, 16 December 1999, for liver LDT. The foundations of LDT are, of course, the recipient's condition, the donor's motivation, and the altruism of the donation. It is desirable that in the future an increasing number of LDT be performed, supported by a careful, widespread health education regarding organ donation from living subjects and by the possibility to obtain insurance for the donor, which has been considered but never provided by actual laws. PMID:15110560

  3. Turbulence Based Microhabitat Selection Criteria for Salmonids

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tritico, Hans; Webb, Paul; Cotel, Aline

    2004-11-01

    Fine-scale turbulence data were collected in the West Branch of the Maple River in Northern Michigan. This sand bed river with complex cross sectional geometries and abundant woody debris is shown to have regions where the macro-scale of turbulence is not solely governed by the channel depth. A mixed array of Acoustic Doppler Velocimeters (ADVs) and Marsh-McBurney meters were deployed in locations where trout were observed station holding. The meters were synchronized and data were collected simultaneously at multiple points around the fish locations. The array geometry was varied to obtain velocity correlations that were used to estimate the macro-scale turbulence in the vicinity of the selected trout habitat. Data were compared with length scales from areas in the river not inhabited by fish. Habitats selected are shown to have length scales less than that of the channel depth. Length scales are discussed with respect to other pertinent length scales such as fish length, obstruction diameters, and dune heights. The importance of eddy length scales when designing stream restoration projects and fish passage solutions are also discussed.

  4. Information criteria and selection of vibration models.

    PubMed

    Ruzek, Michal; Guyader, Jean-Louis; Pézerat, Charles

    2014-12-01

    This paper presents a method of determining an appropriate equation of motion of two-dimensional plane structures like membranes and plates from vibration response measurements. The local steady-state vibration field is used as input for the inverse problem that approximately determines the dispersion curve of the structure. This dispersion curve is then statistically treated with Akaike information criterion (AIC), which compares the experimentally measured curve to several candidate models (equations of motion). The model with the lowest AIC value is then chosen, and the utility of other models can also be assessed. This method is applied to three experimental case studies: A red cedar wood plate for musical instruments, a thick paper subjected to unknown membrane tension, and a thick composite sandwich panel. These three cases give three different situations of a model selection.

  5. 43 CFR 2430.6 - Additional criteria for lands valuable for other purposes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... CLASSIFICATIONS Criteria for Disposal Classifications § 2430.6 Additional criteria for lands valuable for other... 43 Public Lands: Interior 2 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Additional criteria for lands valuable for other purposes. 2430.6 Section 2430.6 Public Lands: Interior Regulations Relating to Public...

  6. Monitor selection criteria for stereoscopic displays

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Meyer, Lhary

    1992-06-01

    Existing high-resolution monitors are optimized for display of non-stereoscopic images with field refresh rates of 60 to 80 hertz. Almost all existing graphics systems utilize refresh rates in this range. Stereoscopic field-sequential displays present alternate left and right images, with each eye seeing half the displayed fields by use of electronic shuttering systems. This image selection is accomplished by optical shutters that are alternately clear and opaque operating synchronously with the display. To maintain flicker-free display for each eye requires at least the doubling of the existing field rate. An idealized monitor for stereoscopic display adds several new demands on the performance of monitors that extend beyond existing requirements. Some of the new requirements may be contrary to existing needs, calling for engineering compromises to be considered. The paper addresses the electronic and perceptual requirements of stereoscopic monitors in the areas of scan ranges, phosphors, and interfaces. Success in utilizing existing commercial monitors and projectors and possible future directions are discussed.

  7. FSAW for REIT selection in multi-criteria decision making

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Adawiyah, C. W. Rabiatul; Abdullah, Lazim

    2014-07-01

    Real Estate Investment Trust (REIT) is profitable investments that gain Malaysian investors' attention. It can be a great way to increase our net worth. Due to the existence of many property trusts, investors face difficulties in determining the best property trusts to invest their wealth. This high risk investment makes investors cautious in choosing the platform for investing their wealth. In real world situation, the data collected are inexact and ambiguous. Investment reminds investors to beware because it carries risk no matter low or high. There are lots of things that investors need to consider before invest in any property or trust. The aim of this paper is to identify the best criteria of REIT and determine the best property trust that helps investors gain profits in their investment. Four experts in areas of investment are randomly selected to assess and provide information regarding to Malaysia's REITs. Decision makers were asked to rate the criteria for every alternatives by using the linguistic variables. The five linguistic variables were used as input data to test fuzzy simple additive weighting (FSAW) model. From the study conducted, transparency indicates the necessary criteria for each property trust. This decision making model used to be possible to test FSAW model in investment sector. The decision makers also asked to evaluate the alternatives based on the linguistic ranking variables to rank the alternatives and the result shows the best alternative in this case is Amanah Harta Tanah PNB. The ranking signifies the impact of the criterion and alternatives to investors especially REITs investors.

  8. 38 CFR 17.705 - Scoring criteria and selection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... based on the cost effectiveness of the program, as demonstrated by the following: (i) The grantee or... selection. (a) Initial grant scoring. Applications will be scored using the following selection criteria: (1... develop such relationships, and has shown these relationships will enhance the program's...

  9. 38 CFR 17.705 - Scoring criteria and selection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... based on the cost effectiveness of the program, as demonstrated by the following: (i) The grantee or... selection. (a) Initial grant scoring. Applications will be scored using the following selection criteria: (1... develop such relationships, and has shown these relationships will enhance the program's...

  10. 44 CFR 206.435 - Project identification and selection criteria.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Project identification and selection criteria. 206.435 Section 206.435 Emergency Management and Assistance FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT... prioritized through the State, Indian tribal, and local planning process. (b) Selection. The State...

  11. 77 FR 5243 - Proposed Priority, Requirements, Definitions, and Selection Criteria-Arts in Education National...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-02

    ... Proposed Priority, Requirements, Definitions, and Selection Criteria--Arts in Education National Program... priority, requirements, definitions, and selection criteria under the Arts in Education National Program (AENP). We may use the priority, requirements, definitions, and selection criteria for competitions...

  12. Beam geometry selection using sequential beam addition

    SciTech Connect

    Popple, Richard A. Brezovich, Ivan A.; Fiveash, John B.

    2014-05-15

    Purpose: The selection of optimal beam geometry has been of interest since the inception of conformal radiotherapy. The authors report on sequential beam addition, a simple beam geometry selection method, for intensity modulated radiation therapy. Methods: The sequential beam addition algorithm (SBA) requires definition of an objective function (score) and a set of candidate beam geometries (pool). In the first iteration, the optimal score is determined for each beam in the pool and the beam with the best score selected. In the next iteration, the optimal score is calculated for each beam remaining in the pool combined with the beam selected in the first iteration, and the best scoring beam is selected. The process is repeated until the desired number of beams is reached. The authors selected three treatment sites, breast, lung, and brain, and determined beam arrangements for up to 11 beams from a pool comprised of 25 equiangular transverse beams. For the brain, arrangements were additionally selected from a pool of 22 noncoplanar beams. Scores were determined for geometries comprised equiangular transverse beams (EQA), as well as two tangential beams for the breast case. Results: In all cases, SBA resulted in scores superior to EQA. The breast case had the strongest dependence on beam geometry, for which only the 7-beam EQA geometry had a score better than the two tangential beams, whereas all SBA geometries with more than two beams were superior. In the lung case, EQA and SBA scores monotonically improved with increasing number of beams; however, SBA required fewer beams to achieve scores equivalent to EQA. For the brain case, SBA with a coplanar pool was equivalent to EQA, while the noncoplanar pool resulted in slightly better scores; however, the dose-volume histograms demonstrated that the differences were not clinically significant. Conclusions: For situations in which beam geometry has a significant effect on the objective function, SBA can identify

  13. Site Selection Criteria and Evaluation Handbook. 1997 Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mearig, Tim; Crittenden, Edwin; Morgan, Michael

    The State of Alaska Department of Education has created a handbook to give assistance and direction to its school districts and communities in determining the suitability of various building sites for educational facilities planning. This handbook establishes a set of basic site selection elements and offers suggested evaluation criteria for…

  14. 45 CFR 1232.11 - Employment and volunteer selection criteria.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Employment and volunteer selection criteria. 1232.11 Section 1232.11 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) CORPORATION FOR... FEDERAL FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE Employment and Volunteer Service Practices § 1232.11 Employment and...

  15. 45 CFR 1232.11 - Employment and volunteer selection criteria.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Employment and volunteer selection criteria. 1232.11 Section 1232.11 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) CORPORATION FOR... FEDERAL FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE Employment and Volunteer Service Practices § 1232.11 Employment and...

  16. 45 CFR 1232.11 - Employment and volunteer selection criteria.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Employment and volunteer selection criteria. 1232.11 Section 1232.11 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) CORPORATION FOR... FEDERAL FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE Employment and Volunteer Service Practices § 1232.11 Employment and...

  17. 45 CFR 1232.11 - Employment and volunteer selection criteria.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Employment and volunteer selection criteria. 1232.11 Section 1232.11 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) CORPORATION FOR... FEDERAL FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE Employment and Volunteer Service Practices § 1232.11 Employment and...

  18. Investing in Computer Technology: Criteria and Procedures for System Selection.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hofstetter, Fred T.

    The criteria used by the University of Delaware in selecting the PLATO computer-based educational system are discussed in this document. Consideration was given to support for instructional strategies, requirements of the student learning station, features for instructors and authors of instructional materials, general operational characteristics,…

  19. Myth 6: Cosmetic Use of Multiple Selection Criteria

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Friedman-Nimz, Reva

    2009-01-01

    Twenty-five years ago, armed with the courage of her convictions and a respectable collection of empirical evidence, the author articulated what she considered to be a compelling argument against the cosmetic use of multiple selection criteria as a guiding principle for identifying children and youth with high potential. To assess the current…

  20. 48 CFR 2936.602-1 - Selection criteria.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Selection criteria. 2936.602-1 Section 2936.602-1 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF LABOR GENERAL CONTRACTING REQUIREMENTS CONSTRUCTION AND ARCHITECT-ENGINEER CONTRACTS Architect-Engineer Services...

  1. 48 CFR 636.602-1 - Selection criteria.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Selection criteria. 636.602-1 Section 636.602-1 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF STATE SPECIAL CATEGORIES OF CONTRACTING CONSTRUCTION AND ARCHITECT-ENGINEER CONTRACTS Architect-Engineer Services...

  2. 48 CFR 436.602-1 - Selection criteria.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Selection criteria. 436.602-1 Section 436.602-1 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SPECIAL CATEGORIES OF CONTRACTING CONSTRUCTION AND ARCHITECT-ENGINEER CONTRACTS Architect-Engineer Service...

  3. 48 CFR 1436.602-1 - Selection criteria.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Selection criteria. 1436.602-1 Section 1436.602-1 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR SPECIAL CATEGORIES OF CONTRACTING CONSTRUCTION AND ARCHITECT-ENGINEER CONTRACTS Architect-Engineer Services...

  4. Item Selection Criteria with Practical Constraints for Computerized Classification Testing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lin, Chuan-Ju

    2011-01-01

    This study compares four item selection criteria for a two-category computerized classification testing: (1) Fisher information (FI), (2) Kullback-Leibler information (KLI), (3) weighted log-odds ratio (WLOR), and (4) mutual information (MI), with respect to the efficiency and accuracy of classification decision using the sequential probability…

  5. 36 CFR 64.8 - Project selection criteria.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Project selection criteria. 64.8 Section 64.8 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL PARK SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE... use and promotes nonmotorized forms of transportation such as commuting by bicycle. (h) The...

  6. 49 CFR 268.17 - Project selection criteria.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... criteria will govern FRA's selection of projects to receive funding under the Maglev Deployment Program. (a... the present value of congestion reduction, pollution reduction, and/or facility cost-avoidance... are to be expected in the United States. (4) The degree to which the project will augment a...

  7. 49 CFR 268.17 - Project selection criteria.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... criteria will govern FRA's selection of projects to receive funding under the Maglev Deployment Program. (a... the present value of congestion reduction, pollution reduction, and/or facility cost-avoidance... are to be expected in the United States. (4) The degree to which the project will augment a...

  8. 49 CFR 268.17 - Project selection criteria.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... criteria will govern FRA's selection of projects to receive funding under the Maglev Deployment Program. (a... the present value of congestion reduction, pollution reduction, and/or facility cost-avoidance... are to be expected in the United States. (4) The degree to which the project will augment a...

  9. 44 CFR 150.4 - Nomination and selection criteria.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Nomination and selection criteria. 150.4 Section 150.4 Emergency Management and Assistance FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY FIRE PREVENTION AND CONTROL PUBLIC SAFETY AWARDS TO PUBLIC SAFETY...

  10. 49 CFR 262.9 - Criteria for selection of projects.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... pedestrian traffic, safety, community quality of life, and area commerce; (e) The effects of the rail line... 49 Transportation 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Criteria for selection of projects. 262.9 Section... ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION IMPLEMENTATION OF PROGRAM FOR CAPITAL GRANTS FOR RAIL...

  11. 49 CFR 262.9 - Criteria for selection of projects.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... pedestrian traffic, safety, community quality of life, and area commerce; (e) The effects of the rail line... 49 Transportation 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Criteria for selection of projects. 262.9 Section... ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION IMPLEMENTATION OF PROGRAM FOR CAPITAL GRANTS FOR RAIL...

  12. 49 CFR 262.9 - Criteria for selection of projects.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... pedestrian traffic, safety, community quality of life, and area commerce; (e) The effects of the rail line... 49 Transportation 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Criteria for selection of projects. 262.9 Section... ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION IMPLEMENTATION OF PROGRAM FOR CAPITAL GRANTS FOR RAIL...

  13. 49 CFR 262.9 - Criteria for selection of projects.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... pedestrian traffic, safety, community quality of life, and area commerce; (e) The effects of the rail line... 49 Transportation 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Criteria for selection of projects. 262.9 Section... ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION IMPLEMENTATION OF PROGRAM FOR CAPITAL GRANTS FOR RAIL...

  14. 49 CFR 262.9 - Criteria for selection of projects.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... pedestrian traffic, safety, community quality of life, and area commerce; (e) The effects of the rail line... 49 Transportation 4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Criteria for selection of projects. 262.9 Section... ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION IMPLEMENTATION OF PROGRAM FOR CAPITAL GRANTS FOR RAIL...

  15. Student Selection for Selective Educational Programs Using Multiple Criteria.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jenkins, Jerry A.

    This paper shows that multiple sources of data reflecting educational progress may be used with relative ease to systematically, objectively, and accurately place students in selective educational programs, such as those funded under Chapter 1 of the Education Consolidation and Improvement Act, using readily available commercial microcomputer…

  16. 34 CFR 668.148 - Additional criteria for the approval of certain tests.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Additional criteria for the approval of certain tests... of Independently Administered Tests; Specification of Passing Score; Approval of State Process § 668.148 Additional criteria for the approval of certain tests. Except as provided in § 668.143— (a)...

  17. 21 CFR 70.42 - Criteria for evaluating the safety of color additives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Criteria for evaluating the safety of color additives. 70.42 Section 70.42 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL COLOR ADDITIVES Safety Evaluation § 70.42 Criteria for evaluating the safety of...

  18. 21 CFR 70.42 - Criteria for evaluating the safety of color additives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Criteria for evaluating the safety of color additives. 70.42 Section 70.42 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL COLOR ADDITIVES Safety Evaluation § 70.42 Criteria for evaluating the safety of...

  19. 21 CFR 70.42 - Criteria for evaluating the safety of color additives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Criteria for evaluating the safety of color additives. 70.42 Section 70.42 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL COLOR ADDITIVES Safety Evaluation § 70.42 Criteria for evaluating the safety of...

  20. Alternative microbial methods: An overview and selection criteria.

    PubMed

    Jasson, Vicky; Jacxsens, Liesbeth; Luning, Pieternel; Rajkovic, Andreja; Uyttendaele, Mieke

    2010-09-01

    This study provides an overview and criteria for the selection of a method, other than the reference method, for microbial analysis of foods. In a first part an overview of the general characteristics of rapid methods available, both for enumeration and detection, is given with reference to relevant bibliography. Perspectives on future development and the potential of the rapid method for routine application in food diagnostics are discussed. As various alternative "rapid" methods in different formats are available on the market, it can be very difficult for a food business operator or for a control authority to select the most appropriate method which fits its purpose. Validation of a method by a third party, according to international accepted protocol based upon ISO 16140, may increase the confidence in the performance of a method. A list of at the moment validated methods for enumeration of both utility indicators (aerobic plate count) and hygiene indicators (Enterobacteriaceae, Escherichia coli, coagulase positive Staphylococcus) as well as for detection of the four major pathogens (Salmonella spp., Listeria monocytogenes, E. coli O157 and Campylobacter spp.) is included with reference to relevant websites to check for updates. In a second part of this study, selection criteria are introduced to underpin the choice of the appropriate method(s) for a defined application. The selection criteria link the definition of the context in which the user of the method functions - and thus the prospective use of the microbial test results - with the technical information on the method and its operational requirements and sustainability. The selection criteria can help the end user of the method to obtain a systematic insight into all relevant factors to be taken into account for selection of a method for microbial analysis. PMID:20630313

  1. 34 CFR 373.10 - What selection criteria does the Secretary use?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 34 Education 2 2011-07-01 2010-07-01 true What selection criteria does the Secretary use? 373.10... may use the following: (a) Selection criteria established under 34 CFR 75.209. (b) Selection criteria in 34 CFR 75.210. (c) Any combination of selection criteria from paragraphs (a) and (b) of...

  2. Comparison of selected multi-criteria assessment methods

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Krzemiński, Michał

    2016-06-01

    The article presents the results of earlier work done in conjunction with the author in which the focus was on assessing the impact of the selection methods for the evaluation of multi-criteria and methods of normalization of the input matrix on the final result of the prioritization of possible variants. Also done an assessment of these variants using fuzzy logic. The aim of the article was to compare the results obtained.

  3. 34 CFR 654.41 - What are the selection criteria and procedures?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Select an Eligible Student To Be a Scholar? § 654.41 What are the selection criteria and procedures? (a... selects scholars— (1) Who are eligible students under the criteria provided in § 654.40; (2) Who...

  4. 34 CFR 654.41 - What are the selection criteria and procedures?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Select an Eligible Student To Be a Scholar? § 654.41 What are the selection criteria and procedures? (a... selects scholars— (1) Who are eligible students under the criteria provided in § 654.40; (2) Who...

  5. 34 CFR 654.41 - What are the selection criteria and procedures?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Select an Eligible Student To Be a Scholar? § 654.41 What are the selection criteria and procedures? (a... selects scholars— (1) Who are eligible students under the criteria provided in § 654.40; (2) Who...

  6. 34 CFR 654.41 - What are the selection criteria and procedures?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Select an Eligible Student To Be a Scholar? § 654.41 What are the selection criteria and procedures? (a... selects scholars— (1) Who are eligible students under the criteria provided in § 654.40; (2) Who...

  7. Revised selection criteria for candidate restriction enzymes in genome walking.

    PubMed

    Taheri, Ali; Robinson, Stephen J; Parkin, Isobel; Gruber, Margaret Y

    2012-01-01

    A new method to improve the efficiency of flanking sequence identification by genome walking was developed based on an expanded, sequential list of criteria for selecting candidate enzymes, plus several other optimization steps. These criteria include: step (1) initially choosing the most appropriate restriction enzyme according to the average fragment size produced by each enzyme determined using in silico digestion of genomic DNA, step (2) evaluating the in silico frequency of fragment size distribution between individual chromosomes, step (3) selecting those enzymes that generate fragments with the majority between 100 bp and 3,000 bp, step (4) weighing the advantages and disadvantages of blunt-end sites vs. cohesive-end sites, step (5) elimination of methylation sensitive enzymes with methylation-insensitive isoschizomers, and step (6) elimination of enzymes with recognition sites within the binary vector sequence (T-DNA and plasmid backbone). Step (7) includes the selection of a second restriction enzyme with highest number of recognition sites within regions not covered by the first restriction enzyme. Step (8) considers primer and adapter sequence optimization, selecting the best adapter-primer pairs according to their hairpin/dimers and secondary structure. In step (9), the efficiency of genomic library development was improved by column-filtration of digested DNA to remove restriction enzyme and phosphatase enzyme, and most important, to remove small genomic fragments (<100 bp) lacking the T-DNA insertion, hence improving the chance of ligation between adapters and fragments harbouring a T-DNA. Two enzymes, NsiI and NdeI, fit these criteria for the Arabidopsis thaliana genome. Their efficiency was assessed using 54 T(3) lines from an Arabidopsis SK enhancer population. Over 70% success rate was achieved in amplifying the flanking sequences of these lines. This strategy was also tested with Brachypodium distachyon to demonstrate its applicability to other

  8. Criteria for selecting resin matrices for improved composite strength

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Chamis, C. C.; Hanson, M. P.; Serafini, T. T.

    1973-01-01

    Criteria are presented which can be used a priori to select matrices to yield composites with improved unidirectional strength. The criteria evolved from an investigation including both theoretical and experimental efforts. Composite micromechanics were used in conjunction with suitable experiments and reference data to identify those matrix properties which influence composite strength properties. Composites of graphite fibers and low, intermediate and high-modulus resins were investigated. It was found that the area under the matrix stress/strain diagram limited to one percent strain is a good index for an a priori assessment of the matrix contribution to composite strength. The corresponding initial modulus is a useful parameter in translating matrix properties to composite properties. Matrix properties such as ultimate strength, ultimate elongation, toughness, and fracture toughness are misleading in translating matrix properties to composite strength.

  9. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor discontinuation syndrome: proposed diagnostic criteria.

    PubMed Central

    Black, K; Shea, C; Dursun, S; Kutcher, S

    2000-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To establish specific criteria by which selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) discontinuation syndrome may be identified. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE and PSYCHLIT databases were searched for case reports published from 1986 to 1997 inclusive, and references of relevant articles were also searched. STUDY SELECTION: Forty-six case reports of symptoms following the discontinuation of fluoxetine, fluvoxamine, paroxetine or sertraline were selected. Three studies of SSRI discontinuation were also reviewed. DATA EXTRACTION: Demographic and treatment information, as well as the timing, duration, number, nature and frequency of dicontinuation symptoms. DATA SYNTHESIS: Paroxetine was most frequently implicated. The drug had been tapered in half of the cases. In some cases, symptom onset began during taper, whereas, in most cases, symptoms began within 1 to 3 days of drug discontinuation. Fifty-three different symptoms were reported, with dizziness being the most common. Other common symptoms were nausea or emesis, fatigue, headache, gait instability and insomnia. Shock-like sensations, paresthesia and visual disturbances were the most rare. Without intervention, symptoms persisted for more than a week in half of the cases. In cases in which the SSRI was restarted, symptoms resolved within 72 hours. In some cases, withdrawal symptoms recurred when the same SSRI was again discontinued. CONCLUSIONS: Findings were used to construct diagnostic criteria for the SSRI discontinuation syndrome. These criteria are 2 or more of the following symptoms developing within 1 to 7 days of discontinuation or reduction in dosage of an SSRI after at least 1 month's use, when these symptoms cause clinically significant distress or impairment and are not due to a general medical condition or recurrence of a mental disorder: dizziness, light-headedness, vertigo or feeling faint; shock-like sensations or paresthesia; anxiety; diarrhea; fatigue; gait instability; headache; insomnia

  10. TU-C-BRE-08: IMRT QA: Selecting Meaningful Gamma Criteria Based On Error Detection Sensitivity

    SciTech Connect

    Steers, J; Fraass, B

    2014-06-15

    Purpose: To develop a strategy for defining meaningful tolerance limits and studying the sensitivity of IMRT QA gamma criteria by inducing known errors in QA plans. Methods: IMRT QA measurements (ArcCHECK, Sun Nuclear) were compared to QA plan calculations with induced errors. Many (>24) gamma comparisons between data and calculations were performed for each of several kinds of cases and classes of induced error types with varying magnitudes (e.g. MU errors ranging from -10% to +10%), resulting in over 3,000 comparisons. Gamma passing rates for each error class and case were graphed against error magnitude to create error curves in order to represent the range of missed errors in routine IMRT QA using various gamma criteria. Results: This study demonstrates that random, case-specific, and systematic errors can be detected by the error curve analysis. Depending on location of the peak of the error curve (e.g., not centered about zero), 3%/3mm threshold=10% criteria may miss MU errors of up to 10% and random MLC errors of up to 5 mm. Additionally, using larger dose thresholds for specific devices may increase error sensitivity (for the same X%/Ymm criteria) by up to a factor of two. This analysis will allow clinics to select more meaningful gamma criteria based on QA device, treatment techniques, and acceptable error tolerances. Conclusion: We propose a strategy for selecting gamma parameters based on the sensitivity of gamma criteria and individual QA devices to induced calculation errors in QA plans. Our data suggest large errors may be missed using conventional gamma criteria and that using stricter criteria with an increased dose threshold may reduce the range of missed errors. This approach allows quantification of gamma criteria sensitivity and is straightforward to apply to other combinations of devices and treatment techniques.

  11. Weighted feature selection criteria for visual servoing of a telerobot

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Feddema, John T.; Lee, C. S. G.; Mitchell, O. R.

    1989-01-01

    Because of the continually changing environment of a space station, visual feedback is a vital element of a telerobotic system. A real time visual servoing system would allow a telerobot to track and manipulate randomly moving objects. Methodologies for the automatic selection of image features to be used to visually control the relative position between an eye-in-hand telerobot and a known object are devised. A weighted criteria function with both image recognition and control components is used to select the combination of image features which provides the best control. Simulation and experimental results of a PUMA robot arm visually tracking a randomly moving carburetor gasket with a visual update time of 70 milliseconds are discussed.

  12. Graduate Entry Medicine: Selection Criteria and Student Performance

    PubMed Central

    Bodger, Owen; Byrne, Aidan; Evans, Philip A.; Rees, Sarah; Jones, Gwen; Cowell, Claire; Gravenor, Mike B.; Williams, Rhys

    2011-01-01

    Background Graduate entry medicine raises new questions about the suitability of students with different backgrounds. We examine this, and the broader issue of effectiveness of selection and assessment procedures. Methods The data included background characteristics, academic record, interview score and performance in pre-clinical modular assessment for two years intake of graduate entry medical students. Exploratory factor analysis is a powerful method for reducing a large number of measures to a smaller group of underlying factors. It was used here to identify patterns within and between the selection and performance data. Principal Findings Basic background characteristics were of little importance in predicting exam success. However, easily interpreted components were detected within variables comprising the ‘selection’ and ‘assessment’ criteria. Three selection components were identified (‘Academic’, ‘GAMSAT’, ‘Interview’) and four assessment components (‘General Exam’, ‘Oncology’, ‘OSCE’, ‘Family Case Study’). There was a striking lack of relationships between most selection and performance factors. Only ‘General Exam’ and ‘Academic’ showed a correlation (Pearson's r = 0.55, p<0.001). Conclusions This study raises questions about methods of student selection and their effectiveness in predicting performance and assessing suitability for a medical career. Admissions tests and most exams only confirmed previous academic achievement, while interview scores were not correlated with any consequent assessment. PMID:22132089

  13. [Extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy of the gallbladder: importance of selection criteria].

    PubMed

    Thorens, J; Schnegg, J F; Fasel, J; Deslarzes, C; Duvoisin, B; Schnyder, P; Gonvers, J J; Blum, A L

    1993-04-10

    In recent years, a number of alternatives to surgery for gallstones have been developed. Among them, extracorporeal shock-wave lithotripsy (ESWL) was promising, being non-invasive and risk-free. Nevertheless, its results vary according to the size, number and composition of the stones and according to the bile acids treatment used for fragment dissolution. To better evaluate the importance of these factors, we have widened the selection criteria currently used (1 to 3 non-calcified stones with a diameter below 30 mm) by including patients with large stones (up to 40 mm in diameter), multiple stones (up to 10 stones) and calcified stones. We also compared, for efficacy of fragment dissolution after ESWL, treatment by ursodeoxycholic acid alone as opposed to a mixture with chenodeoxycholic acid. Our results were (1) significant lessening of the fragmentation rate and of the number of gallbladders free of stones 1 year after ESWL when selection criteria are widened; (2) a mixture of ursodeoxycholic and chenodeoxycholic acids may favour fragment dissolution after ESWL compared to treatment by ursodeoxycholic acid alone.

  14. Efficiency of model selection criteria in flood frequency analysis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Calenda, G.; Volpi, E.

    2009-04-01

    The estimation of high flood quantiles requires the extrapolation of the probability distributions far beyond the usual sample length, involving high estimation uncertainties. The choice of the probability law, traditionally based on the hypothesis testing, is critical to this point. In this study the efficiency of different model selection criteria, seldom applied in flood frequency analysis, is investigated. The efficiency of each criterion in identifying the probability distribution of the hydrological extremes is evaluated by numerical simulations for different parent distributions, coefficients of variation and skewness, and sample sizes. The compared model selection procedures are the Akaike Information Criterion (AIC), the Bayesian Information Criterion (BIC), the Anderson Darling Criterion (ADC) recently discussed by Di Baldassarre et al. (2008) and Sample Quantile Criterion (SQC), recently proposed by the authors (Calenda et al., 2009). The SQC is based on the principle of maximising the probability density of the elements of the sample that are considered relevant to the problem, and takes into account both the accuracy and the uncertainty of the estimate. Since the stress is mainly on extreme events, the SQC involves upper-tail probabilities, where the effect of the model assumption is more critical. The proposed index is equal to the sum of logarithms of the inverse of the sample probability density of the observed quantiles. The definition of this index is based on the principle that the more centred is the sample value in respect to its density distribution (accuracy of the estimate) and the less spread is this distribution (uncertainty of the estimate), the greater is the probability density of the sample quantile. Thus, lower values of the index indicate a better performance of the distribution law. This criterion can operate the selection of the optimum distribution among competing probability models that are estimated using different samples. The

  15. 34 CFR 535.21 - What selection criteria does the Secretary use?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 34 Education 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false What selection criteria does the Secretary use? 535.21... FELLOWSHIP PROGRAM How Does the Secretary Approve an IHE's Participation? § 535.21 What selection criteria does the Secretary use? The Secretary uses the following selection criteria to evaluate an...

  16. 78 FR 54588 - Final Priorities, Requirements, Definitions, and Selection Criteria: Race to the Top-District...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-05

    ..., definitions, and selection criteria published in the Federal Register on August 6, 2013 (78 FR 47980), namely..., requirements, definitions, and selection criteria, and their regulatory texts remain unchanged. DATES... CFR Subtitle A RIN 1810-AB17 Final Priorities, Requirements, Definitions, and Selection Criteria:...

  17. 34 CFR 668.148 - Additional criteria for the approval of certain tests.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... validity as promulgated in the Standards for Educational and Psychological Testing; (ii) Provide test... 34 Education 3 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Additional criteria for the approval of certain tests... of Independently Administered Tests; Specification of Passing Score; Approval of State Process §...

  18. 34 CFR 668.148 - Additional criteria for the approval of certain tests.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... validity as promulgated in the Standards for Educational and Psychological Testing; (ii) Provide test... 34 Education 3 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Additional criteria for the approval of certain tests... of Independently Administered Tests; Specification of Passing Score; Approval of State Process §...

  19. 34 CFR 668.148 - Additional criteria for the approval of certain tests.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... validity as promulgated in the Standards for Educational and Psychological Testing; (ii) Provide test... 34 Education 3 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Additional criteria for the approval of certain tests... of Independently Administered Tests; Specification of Passing Score; Approval of State Process §...

  20. 34 CFR 668.148 - Additional criteria for the approval of certain tests.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... validity as promulgated in the Standards for Educational and Psychological Testing; (ii) Provide test... 34 Education 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Additional criteria for the approval of certain tests... of Independently Administered Tests; Specification of Passing Score; Approval of State Process §...

  1. 43 CFR 2430.4 - Additional criteria for classification of lands valuable for public purposes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 2 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Additional criteria for classification of lands valuable for public purposes. 2430.4 Section 2430.4 Public Lands: Interior Regulations Relating to... classification of lands valuable for public purposes. (a) To be valuable for public purposes, lands must...

  2. Strain Gage Selection Criteria for Textile Composite Materials

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Masters, John E.

    1996-01-01

    This report will provide a review of efforts to establish a set of strain gage selection guidelines for textile reinforced composite materials. A variety of strain gages were evaluated in the study to determine the sensitivity of strain measurements to the size of the strain gage. The strain gages were chosen to provide a range of gage lengths and widths. The gage aspect ratio (the length-to-width ratio) was also varied. The gages were tested on a diverse collection of textile composite laminates. Test specimens featured eleven different textile architectures: four 2-D triaxial braids, six 3-D weaves, and one stitched uniweave architecture. All specimens were loaded in uniaxial tension. The materials' moduli were measured in both the longitudinal (parallel to the O deg. yarns) and the transverse (perpendicular to the O deg. yarns) directions. The results of these measurements were analyzed to establish performance levels for extensometers and strain gages on textile composite materials. Conclusions are expressed in a summary that discusses instrumentation practices and defines strain gage selection criteria.

  3. 34 CFR 489.21 - What selection criteria does the Secretary use?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    .... (Review criteria for the Program Effectiveness Panel are provided in 34 CFR 786.12.); (3) Provide for an... 34 Education 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What selection criteria does the Secretary use? 489.21... PROGRAM How Does the Secretary Make an Award? § 489.21 What selection criteria does the Secretary use?...

  4. Comparative Study on the Selection Criteria for Fitting Flood Frequency Distribution Models with Emphasis on Upper-Tail Behavior

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Xiaohong, C.

    2014-12-01

    Many probability distributions have been proposed for flood frequency analysis and several criteria have been used for selecting a best fitted distribution to an observed or generated data set by some random process. The upper tail of flood frequency distribution should be specifically concerned for flood control. However, different model selection criteria often result in different optimal distributions when focus on upper tail of flood frequency distribution. In this study, with emphasis on the upper-tail behavior, 5 distribution selection criteria including 2 hypothesis tests and 3 information-based criteria are evaluated in selecting the best fitted distribution from 8 widely used distributions (Pearson 3, Log-Pearson 3, two-parameter lognormal, three-parameter lognormal, Gumbel, Weibull, Generalized extreme value and Generalized logistic distributions) by using datasets from Thames River (UK), Wabash River (USA), Beijiang River and Huai River (China), which are all within latitude of 23.5-66.5 degrees north. The performance of the 5 selection criteria is verified by using a composite criterion focus on upper tail events defined in this study. This paper shows the approach for the optimal selection of suitable flood frequency distributions for different river basins. Results illustrate that (1) Different distributions are selected by using hypothesis tests and information-based criteria for each river. (2) The information-based criteria perform better than hypothesis tests in most cases when the focus is on the goodness of predictions of the extreme upper tail events. (3) In order to decide on a particular distribution to fit the high flow, it would be better to use the combination criteria, in which the information-based criteria can be used first to rank the models and the results are inspected by hypothesis testing methods. In addition, if the information-based criteria and hypothesis tests provide different results, the composite criterion will be taken for

  5. [Criteria for the selection for the funding of actions under the "Public Health" programme].

    PubMed

    Cianciara, Dorota

    2005-01-01

    Three categories of criteria (exclusion, selection, award) for evaluation of grant applications are presented. The five award criteria related to the call for proposals "Public Health-2005" are described. The content and threshold score for each criterion are demonstrated.

  6. Selection criteria for adding management units to the SAMAB regional biosphere reserve

    SciTech Connect

    Mann, L.K.; Martin, G.; Abrell, J.; Meriwether, D. )

    1994-06-01

    The SAMAB (Southern Appalachian Man and the Biosphere) regional biosphere reserve initially consisted of three land management units in the southern Appalachians (Great Smoky Mountains National Park, Coweeta Hydrologic Laboratory, and Oak Ridge National Laboratory's National Environmental Research Park). Traditional biosphere reserves in UNESCOs Man and the Biosphere (MAB) program have been defined by [open quote]core[close quote], [open quote]buffer[close quote], and [open quote]transition[close quote] zones. These concepts are difficult to apply to regional biosphere reserves. Therefore, selection criteria for incorporating additional land management units into SAMAB were developed which recognize 4 components of the regional reserve: biosphere reserve (core) units, varied and harmonious landscapes, modified landscapes, and the zone of cooperation. Selection criteria define ecological, political, logistic, and educational requirements for inclusion. The Tennessee River Gorge Trust is currently under evaluation for inclusion in SAMAB.

  7. 34 CFR 388.20 - What additional selection criterion is used under this program?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... criterion is used under this program? In addition to the selection criteria in 34 CFR 385.31(c), the.... (1) The Secretary reviews each application for information that shows that the need for the in-service training has been adequately justified. (2) The Secretary looks for information that shows—...

  8. 34 CFR 388.20 - What additional selection criterion is used under this program?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... criterion is used under this program? In addition to the selection criteria in 34 CFR 385.31(c), the.... (1) The Secretary reviews each application for information that shows that the need for the in-service training has been adequately justified. (2) The Secretary looks for information that shows—...

  9. 34 CFR 388.20 - What additional selection criterion is used under this program?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... criterion is used under this program? In addition to the selection criteria in 34 CFR 385.31(c), the.... (1) The Secretary reviews each application for information that shows that the need for the in-service training has been adequately justified. (2) The Secretary looks for information that shows—...

  10. 34 CFR 388.20 - What additional selection criterion is used under this program?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... criterion is used under this program? In addition to the selection criteria in 34 CFR 385.31(c), the.... (1) The Secretary reviews each application for information that shows that the need for the in-service training has been adequately justified. (2) The Secretary looks for information that shows—...

  11. 34 CFR 388.20 - What additional selection criterion is used under this program?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... criterion is used under this program? In addition to the selection criteria in 34 CFR 385.31(c), the.... (1) The Secretary reviews each application for information that shows that the need for the in-service training has been adequately justified. (2) The Secretary looks for information that shows—...

  12. Validation of astronaut psychological select-in criteria

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Rose, R. M.; Helmreich, R. L.; Mcfadden, T.; Santy, P. A.; Holland, A. W.

    1992-01-01

    An optional astronaut selection strategy would select-in individuals on the basis of personality attributes associated with superior performance. Method: A test battery, the Astronaut Personal Characteristics Inventory (ASTROPCI) was developed which assesses positive and negative components of achievement, motivation, and interpersonal orientations and skills. The battery was administered to one hundred three astronaut candidates and sixty-six current U.S. Shuttle astronauts. To determine performance, a series of conceptual areas related to space flight performance were defined. Astronauts rated their peers on each of these dimensions. Ratings were obtained on all eighty-four current astronauts (excluding those selected in 1990). In addition to peer ratings, supervisor assessments of the same dimensions were obtained for each astronaut. Results: Cluster and factor analysis techniques were employed to isolate subgroups of astronauts. Those astronauts with both high achievement needs and interpersonal skills were most often rated among the top five by their peers and least often rated among the lowest five. A number of scales discriminated between astronauts rated high and low on one or more performance dimensions. Conclusions: The results parallel findings from the personality assessment of individuals in other demanding professions, including aircraft pilots and research scientists, suggesting that personality factors are significant determinants to performance in the space environment.

  13. Criteria for Site Selection of Temporary Shelters after Earthquakes: a Delphi Panel

    PubMed Central

    Soltani, Ahmad; Ardalan, Ali; Darvishi Boloorani, Ali; Haghdoost, AliAkbar; Hosseinzadeh-Attar, Mohammad Javad

    2015-01-01

    Introduction: After a devastating earthquake, the site selection for the sheltering of earthquake victims is an important task. In order to generate a list of appropriate criteria for deciding on temporary sheltering site selection, we systematically combined the experience of experts and the findings of published documents in this study. Methods: Having explored published papers, we generated a list of criteria for the selection of the best location for temporary sheltering. In the next step, all criteria were presented to a group of experts in Iran and after a scientific discussion, the list was updated. In the last step, the final list of criteria was developed using the Delphi method in three rounds. Results: Based on our previous systematic review, 27 criteria were presented for sheltering site selection. Expert interviews added 12 more items to them. The Delphi process approved 21 criteria of all proposed ones. These items then grouped into four categories: land suitability, socio-cultural considerations, service availability and disaster risk reduction. Discussion: After an earthquake, our list of criteria may help the disaster team to select the best locations for temporary sheltering with minimum confusion. The consent of the earthquake victims and cost reduction of the operation would be the minimum benefits of using the appropriate criteria. These criteria also could be used by researchers to make objective and reproducible assessments of temporary sheltering site selection. Key words: Criteria, Earthquake, Model, Site selection, Temporary shelter, PMID:26693079

  14. Materials Selection Criteria for Nuclear Power Applications: A Decision Algorithm

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rodríguez-Prieto, Álvaro; Camacho, Ana María; Sebastián, Miguel Ángel

    2016-02-01

    An innovative methodology based on stringency levels is proposed in this paper and improves the current selection method for structural materials used in demanding industrial applications. This paper describes a new approach for quantifying the stringency of materials requirements based on a novel deterministic algorithm to prevent potential failures. We have applied the new methodology to different standardized specifications used in pressure vessels design, such as SA-533 Grade B Cl.1, SA-508 Cl.3 (issued by the American Society of Mechanical Engineers), DIN 20MnMoNi55 (issued by the German Institute of Standardization) and 16MND5 (issued by the French Nuclear Commission) specifications and determine the influence of design code selection. This study is based on key scientific publications on the influence of chemical composition on the mechanical behavior of materials, which were not considered when the technological requirements were established in the aforementioned specifications. For this purpose, a new method to quantify the efficacy of each standard has been developed using a deterministic algorithm. The process of assigning relative weights was performed by consulting a panel of experts in materials selection for reactor pressure vessels to provide a more objective methodology; thus, the resulting mathematical calculations for quantitative analysis are greatly simplified. The final results show that steel DIN 20MnMoNi55 is the best material option. Additionally, more recently developed materials such as DIN 20MnMoNi55, 16MND5 and SA-508 Cl.3 exhibit mechanical requirements more stringent than SA-533 Grade B Cl.1. The methodology presented in this paper can be used as a decision tool in selection of materials for a wide range of applications.

  15. GIS modelling for new landfill sites: critical review of employed criteria and methods of selection criteria

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Abujayyab, Sohaib K. M.; Ahamad, Mohd Sanusi S.; Shukri Yahya, Ahmad; Bashir, Mohammed J. K.; Aziz, Hamidi Abdul

    2016-06-01

    Policy makers and the public are increasingly concerned with the determination of landfill-siting input criteria (DLSIC) in landfill modelling procedures as an area of research. Thus, its procedures are complicated and decision makers are increasingly pressured. These procedures can be considerably develop in order to reduce the negative effect of landfill locations on the environment, economy, and society. In this review article, literature related to the developments of 64 models and their procedures in the past 18 years (from 1997 to 2014) were comprehensively survey. DLSIC are determined through a conventional method. The frequency of criterion usage reflects the limitation of Conventional method for DLSIC. Moreover, some of these studies utilize unrelated criteria that are time-consuming, costly, arduous, and fruitless. Potential improvement in Geographic information systems GIS modelling parameter for landfill sites via utilizing multivariate analysis (MVA) instead of Conventional method (CM) through for DLSIC (e.g., Input variables, Accuracy, objectivity, reliability of criteria, time consumption, cost and comprehensiveness) were emphasize. It can be conclude that expenses can be reduce by implementing MVA in DLSIC for landfill modelling using geographic information systems (GIS) based on the corresponding significant level. Moreover, the determined criteria can be accurate, satisfying, sufficient, and free of bias from experts and human error.

  16. The Importance of Visibility: Students' and Teachers' Criteria for Selecting African American Literature

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gray, Erika Swarts

    2009-01-01

    Previous research has demonstrated that African American children do not always relate to the literature available in their classrooms. The study examined fifth-grade students' responses to African American literature to determine the criteria students use to select books. Students' selection criteria were then compared with teachers' selection…

  17. 48 CFR 1836.602-1 - Selection criteria. (NASA supplements paragraph (a))

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Selection criteria. (NASA... CONTRACTS Architect-Engineer Services 1836.602-1 Selection criteria. (NASA supplements paragraph (a)) (a)(2... the volume of work previously awarded to the firm by NASA, with the object of effecting an...

  18. 48 CFR 1836.602-1 - Selection criteria. (NASA supplements paragraph (a))

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 true Selection criteria. (NASA... CONTRACTS Architect-Engineer Services 1836.602-1 Selection criteria. (NASA supplements paragraph (a)) (a)(2... the volume of work previously awarded to the firm by NASA, with the object of effecting an...

  19. 48 CFR 1836.602-1 - Selection criteria. (NASA supplements paragraph (a))

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Selection criteria. (NASA... CONTRACTS Architect-Engineer Services 1836.602-1 Selection criteria. (NASA supplements paragraph (a)) (a)(2... the volume of work previously awarded to the firm by NASA, with the object of effecting an...

  20. 48 CFR 1836.602-1 - Selection criteria. (NASA supplements paragraph (a))

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Selection criteria. (NASA... CONTRACTS Architect-Engineer Services 1836.602-1 Selection criteria. (NASA supplements paragraph (a)) (a)(2... the volume of work previously awarded to the firm by NASA, with the object of effecting an...

  1. 48 CFR 1836.602-1 - Selection criteria. (NASA supplements paragraph (a))

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Selection criteria. (NASA... CONTRACTS Architect-Engineer Services 1836.602-1 Selection criteria. (NASA supplements paragraph (a)) (a)(2... the volume of work previously awarded to the firm by NASA, with the object of effecting an...

  2. Application of Model-Selection Criteria to Some Problems in Multivariate Analysis.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sclove, Stanley L.

    1987-01-01

    A review of model-selection criteria is presented, suggesting their similarities. Some problems treated by hypothesis tests may be more expeditiously treated by the application of model-selection criteria. Multivariate analysis, cluster analysis, and factor analysis are considered. (Author/GDC)

  3. 25 CFR 1001.10 - Selection criteria for other planning and negotiating financial assistance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Selection criteria for other planning and negotiating..., DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR SELF-GOVERNANCE PROGRAM § 1001.10 Selection criteria for other planning and... for other financial assistance for planning and negotiating of a DOI non-BIA program,...

  4. The Effect of Hidden Curriculum on the Criteria Parents Use to Select Schools and Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sahan, Hasan Hüseyin

    2014-01-01

    A framework of school and teacher qualities has been established by research. The need to identify families' school and teacher selection criteria, in particular, is the main motive behind the present study. It mainly aims to identify the criteria parents use when selecting schools and teachers, or the influence of hidden curriculum on school…

  5. Air Pollution Monitoring Site Selection by Multiple Criteria Decision Analysis

    EPA Science Inventory

    Criteria air pollutants (particulate matter, sulfur dioxide, oxides of nitrogen, volatile organic compounds, and carbon monoxide) as well as toxic air pollutants are a global concern. A particular scenario that is receiving increased attention in the research is the exposure to t...

  6. 48 CFR 936.602-70 - DOE selection criteria.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... applicable); (4) The volume of past and present workloads; (5) Interest of company management in the project... work; (3) Past record in performing work for DOE, other Government agencies, and private industry... materials and other criteria at 48 CFR 36.602-1. (b) Personnel and organizations. (1) Specific...

  7. 48 CFR 936.602-70 - DOE selection criteria.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... applicable); (4) The volume of past and present workloads; (5) Interest of company management in the project... work; (3) Past record in performing work for DOE, other Government agencies, and private industry... materials and other criteria at 48 CFR 36.602-1. (b) Personnel and organizations. (1) Specific...

  8. 48 CFR 936.602-70 - DOE selection criteria.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... applicable); (4) The volume of past and present workloads; (5) Interest of company management in the project... work; (3) Past record in performing work for DOE, other Government agencies, and private industry... materials and other criteria at 48 CFR 36.602-1. (b) Personnel and organizations. (1) Specific...

  9. 48 CFR 936.602-70 - DOE selection criteria.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... applicable); (4) The volume of past and present workloads; (5) Interest of company management in the project... work; (3) Past record in performing work for DOE, other Government agencies, and private industry... materials and other criteria at 48 CFR 36.602-1. (b) Personnel and organizations. (1) Specific...

  10. 7 CFR 3565.5 - Ranking and selection criteria.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... request for a project that meets all of the following threshold criteria: (1) The project must involve an owner and a development team with qualifications and experience sufficient to carry out development, management, and ownership responsibilities, and the owner and development team must not be...

  11. 48 CFR 936.602-70 - DOE selection criteria.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... controlling; (ii) Abilities in overall project coordination and management; and (iii) Experience in working... applicable); (4) The volume of past and present workloads; (5) Interest of company management in the project... materials and other criteria at 48 CFR 36.602-1. (b) Personnel and organizations. (1) Specific...

  12. Manufacturing time operators: Covariance, selection criteria, and examples

    SciTech Connect

    Hegerfeldt, G. C.; Muga, J. G.; Munoz, J.

    2010-07-15

    We provide the most general forms of covariant and normalized time operators and their probability densities, with applications to quantum clocks, the time of arrival, and Lyapunov quantum operators. Examples are discussed of the profusion of possible operators and their physical meaning. Criteria to define unique, optimal operators for specific cases are given.

  13. Using Benefit-Cost Ratio to Select Universal Newborn Hearing Screening Test Criteria

    PubMed Central

    Porter, Heather L.; Neely, Stephen T.; Gorga, Michael P.

    2009-01-01

    Objectives Current protocols presumably use criteria that are chosen on the basis of the sensitivity and specificity rates they produce. Such an approach emphasizes test performance, but does not include societal implications of the benefit of early identification. The purpose of the present analysis was to evaluate an approach to selecting criteria for use in UNHS programs that utilizes BCR to demonstrate an alternative method to audiologists, administrators, and others involved in UNHS protocol decisions. Design Existing data from over 1200 ears were used to analyze benefit-cost ratio (BCR) as a function of DPOAE level. These data were selected because both audiometric and DPOAE data were available on every ear. Although these data were not obtained in newborns, this compromise was necessary because audiometric outcomes (especially in infants with congenital hearing loss) in neonates are either lacking or limited in number. As such, it is important to note that the characteristics of responses from the group of subjects that formed the bases of the present analyses are different from those for neonates. This limits the extent to which actual criterion levels can be selected but should not affect the general approach of using BCR as a framework for considering UNHS criteria. Estimates of the prevalence of congenital hearing loss identified through UNHS in 37 states and U.S. territories in 2004 were used to calculate BCR. A range of estimates for the lifetime monetary benefits and yearly costs for UNHS were used, based on data available in the literature. Still, exact benefits and costs are difficult to know. Both one-step (DPOAE alone) and two-step (DPOAE followed by AABR) screening paradigms were considered in the calculation of BCR. The influence of middle-ear effusion was simulated by incorporating a range of expected DPOAE level reductions into an additional BCR analyses. Results Our calculations indicate that for a range of proposed benefit and cost estimates

  14. Effect of direct and indirect selection criteria for efficiency of gain on profitability of Japanese Black cattle selection strategies.

    PubMed

    Kahi, A K; Hirooka, H

    2007-10-01

    The objective of this study was to determine the effect of use of residual feed intake (RFI) and the blood concentration of IGF-I (IGF) as selection criteria for efficiency of gain on profitability of Japanese Black cattle selection strategies with restricted test capacity. A breeding objective that integrated the cow-calf and feedlot segments was considered. Selection strategies were defined that differed in whether information on IGF and RFI during performance testing (RFIpt) was used to make selection decisions and in the number of animals measured for IGF. In all strategies, sires were selected from the proportion chosen during the first selection stage (performance testing), modeling a 2-stage selection process. The effect on genetic gain and profitability of variations in test capacity, of the genetic correlations of IGF with marbling score (MS) and RFIpt, and nonzero economic values for and, hence, inclusion of RFI of the cow and feedlot animals in the breeding objective was examined. Additional genetic gain and profitability were generated when information on IGF concentration and RFIpt in the performance-tested young bulls was included in the selection criteria. Profit per cow was optimal when measurement of IGF and RFIpt were incorporated together in the selection index. Increasing test capacity resulted in an increase in genetic gain in all strategies, and profit per cow was optimal in all strategies when 900 places were available for performance testing. Profit per cow was more sensitive to changes in the genetic correlation between IGF and MS than between IGF and RFIpt, especially when more animals were measured for IGF, or else the favorable relationship between IGF and MS had no significant effect on profit per cow. Additional genetic gain and profitability were generated in each strategy when RFI of the cow and feedlot animals were included in the breeding objective with nonzero economic values. These results may be used to provide guidance to

  15. Incorporating spatial criteria in optimum reserve network selection.

    PubMed Central

    Onal, Hayri; Briers, Robert A

    2002-01-01

    Considering the spatial location of sites that are to be selected for inclusion in a protected reserve network may be necessary to facilitate dispersal and long-term persistence of species in the selected sites. This paper presents an integer programming (IP) approach to the reserve network selection problem where spatial considerations based on intersite distances are taken into account when selecting reserve sites. The objective is to reduce the fragmentation of preserved sites and design a compact reserve network. Two IP formulations are developed which minimize the sum of pairwise distances and the maximum intersite distance between all sites in the reserve network, respectively, while representing all species under consideration. This approach is applied to a pond invertebrate dataset consisting of 131 sites containing 256 species in Oxfordshire, UK. The results show that significant reductions in reserve fragmentation can be achieved, compared with spatially unrestricted optimum reserve selection, at the expense of a small loss in reserve efficiency. PMID:12495486

  16. Selective criteria for successful long-term prosthetic use.

    PubMed

    Mueller, M J; Delitto, A

    1985-07-01

    The purpose of this study was to identify criteria contributing to successful long-term prosthetic use in patients with an amputation secondary to vascular disease. All elderly patients with a unilateral below-knee amputation or an above-knee amputation, secondary to vascular disease, seen in our clinic between 1977 and 1982 were included in this telephone survey. Of those contacted, 37 of 38 below-knee amputees (BKAs) and 7 of 18 above-knee amputees (AKAs) still wore their prostheses at least part of every day (success). We used a two-tailed chi-square to compare the success of the BKAs with the success of the AKAs. The BKAs were successful more often (X2 = 24.81, df = 1, p less than .001). All AKAs also were characterized according to age, time from prescription, obesity, ambulatory status, strength, range of motion, sex, general compliance, and medical problems after prosthetic prescription. Of these criteria, only compliance and medical problems after prescription showed a significant difference between successful and nonsuccessful long-term AKA prosthetic users (X2 = 5.76, df = 1, p less than .05 for each criterion). As the demands of quality assurance and diagnostic related groupings increase, these results can assist the physical therapy clinician in setting realistic goals for the geriatric amputee and help predict if the patient will be a successful prosthetic user.

  17. 48 CFR 836.602-1 - Selection criteria.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... assigned values after its discussions. (b) The following factors must be considered: (1) Reputation and... or purpose of the selection. Values must be assigned to each factor in determining the...

  18. 48 CFR 836.602-1 - Selection criteria.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... assigned values after its discussions. (b) The following factors must be considered: (1) Reputation and... or purpose of the selection. Values must be assigned to each factor in determining the...

  19. 48 CFR 836.602-1 - Selection criteria.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... assigned values after its discussions. (b) The following factors must be considered: (1) Reputation and... or purpose of the selection. Values must be assigned to each factor in determining the...

  20. 48 CFR 836.602-1 - Selection criteria.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... assigned values after its discussions. (b) The following factors must be considered: (1) Reputation and... or purpose of the selection. Values must be assigned to each factor in determining the...

  1. 48 CFR 836.602-1 - Selection criteria.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... assigned values after its discussions. (b) The following factors must be considered: (1) Reputation and... or purpose of the selection. Values must be assigned to each factor in determining the...

  2. Development of the 1984-85 Validation Selection Criteria: The Eclectic Error Prone Model.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Advanced Technology, Inc., Reston, VA.

    The development of the error prone model (EPM) for the 1984-1985 student financial aid validation criteria for Pell Grant recipient selection is discussed, based on a comparison of the 1983-1984 EPM criteria and a newly estimated EPM. Procedures/assumptions on which the new EPM was based include: a sample of 1982-1983 Pell Grant recipients…

  3. 40 CFR 228.5 - General criteria for the selection of sites.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... DUMPING CRITERIA FOR THE MANAGEMENT OF DISPOSAL SITES FOR OCEAN DUMPING § 228.5 General criteria for the selection of sites. (a) The dumping of materials into the ocean will be permitted only at sites or in areas... ocean dumping sites beyond the edge of the continental shelf and other such sites that have...

  4. A Qualitative Study of Taiwanese College English Teachers' Criteria and Rationales for Freshman English Textbook Selection

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ko, Wen-shan

    2009-01-01

    Textbooks play an important role in English teaching and learning. The researcher administrated qualitative interviews with ten English teachers from a college in central Taiwan to explore Taiwanese college English teachers' Freshman English textbook selection criteria, and the rationales underlying these criteria. There are four research…

  5. 34 CFR 669.21 - What selection criteria does the Secretary use?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Grant? § 669.21 What selection criteria does the Secretary use? The Secretary evaluates an application on the basis of the criteria in this section. (a) Plan of operation. (See 34 CFR 655.31(a)) (b) Quality of key personnel. (See 34 CFR 655.31(b)) (c) Budget and cost-effectiveness. (See 34 CFR...

  6. 34 CFR 669.21 - What selection criteria does the Secretary use?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Grant? § 669.21 What selection criteria does the Secretary use? The Secretary evaluates an application on the basis of the criteria in this section. (a) Plan of operation. (See 34 CFR 655.31(a)) (b) Quality of key personnel. (See 34 CFR 655.31(b)) (c) Budget and cost-effectiveness. (See 34 CFR...

  7. 49 CFR 240.105 - Criteria for selection of designated supervisors of locomotive engineers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... necessary performance skills in accordance with § 240.127. This determination shall take into account any... 49 Transportation 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Criteria for selection of designated supervisors... CERTIFICATION OF LOCOMOTIVE ENGINEERS Component Elements of the Certification Process § 240.105 Criteria...

  8. 76 FR 55886 - Selection Criteria-Transportation Infrastructure Improvements Associated With Medical Facilities...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-09

    ... of the Secretary Selection Criteria--Transportation Infrastructure Improvements Associated With... funding from the Office of Economic Adjustment (OEA) for construction of Transportation Infrastructure... Infrastructure Improvements associated with medical facilities related to recommendations of the 2005...

  9. Dynamic Educational e-Content Selection Using Multiple Criteria in Web-Based Personalized Learning Environments.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Manouselis, Nikos; Sampson, Demetrios

    This paper focuses on the way a multi-criteria decision making methodology is applied in the case of agent-based selection of offered learning objects. The problem of selection is modeled as a decision making one, with the decision variables being the learner model and the learning objects' educational description. In this way, selection of…

  10. An Examination of Program Selection Criteria for Part-Time MBA Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Colburn, Michael; Fox, Daniel E.; Westerfelt, Debra Kay

    2011-01-01

    Prospective graduate students select a graduate program as a result of a multifaceted decision-making process. This study examines the selection criteria that part-time MBA students used in selecting a program at a private university. Further, it analyzes the methods by which the students first learned of the MBA program. The authors posed the…

  11. Comparison of two channel selection criteria for noise suppression in cochlear implants

    PubMed Central

    Hazrati, Oldooz; Loizou, Philipos C.

    2013-01-01

    The performance of current channel selection criteria used in cochlear implant (CI) devices (e.g., maximum selection criterion used in ACE) degrades significantly in the presence of noise. In noisy backgrounds, coding strategies that select the “right” channels for stimulation could potentially produce substantial improvements in intelligibility. In this study, the performance of two alternative channel selection criteria is assessed in terms of intelligibility and subjective quality with CI users in noise. The performance is compared against that of the maximum selection scheme employed in the ACE strategy (comparison is also made with the CIS strategy). Sentences were presented to seven CI users in speech weighted noise (−5, 0, and 5 dB SNR). Both channel selection criteria were implemented under ideal conditions where a priori knowledge of the target and masker was assumed. This was done to assess the full potential benefit of selecting the “right” channels for stimulation in noisy backgrounds. Substantial intelligibility improvement relative to the CI users' daily strategy (i.e., ACE or CIS) was achieved with the two different channel selection criteria under all noisy conditions considered. No significant difference in subjective quality of noisy speech processed by the two channel selection criteria was observed. PMID:23464031

  12. Teacher Criteria for Evaluating and Selecting Developmentally Appropriate Computer Software

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ntuli, Esther; Kyei-Blankson, Lydia

    2011-01-01

    Although many teacher training programs and school districts offer courses and workshops on technology integration in instruction, research shows that teachers still face major challenges especially as it relates to selecting and using developmentally appropriate technology to meet the needs of diverse learners. The current study examines the…

  13. 36 CFR 72.50 - Grant selection criteria.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ....50 Section 72.50 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL PARK SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR URBAN PARK AND RECREATION RECOVERY ACT OF 1978 Grant Selection, Approval and Administration § 72... proposal may lead to a positive, systemic change in how park and recreation services are provided....

  14. Widening Access by Changing the Criteria for Selecting Medical Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Powis, David; Hamilton, John; McManus, I. C.

    2007-01-01

    Objective: To review the principles underlying medical student selection from the perspective of the imperatives of widening access policies. Setting: A recent government initiative has increased the number of medical school places in Great Britain. A priority is to widen access to sections of the community hitherto inadequately represented in…

  15. Criteria for Evaluating and Selecting Multimedia Software for Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, Sung Heum; And Others

    Evaluating and selecting the appropriate software is a very important component of success in using multimedia systems in both educational and corporate settings. Computer-mediated multimedia (CMM) is the integration of two or more communication media, controlled or manipulated by the user via a computer, to present information. CMM can be…

  16. 36 CFR 64.8 - Project selection criteria.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... public use of the property acquired. (For example, the diversity of recreation/conservation opportunities... conservation values of the right-of-way from encroachment by conflicting uses of surrounding land. (l) State... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Project selection...

  17. Selection effects of repeatability criteria applied to lung spirometry.

    PubMed

    Eisen, E A; Robins, J M; Greaves, I A; Wegman, D H

    1984-11-01

    The potential for introducing bias in studies of pulmonary function by the exclusion of subjects with nonrepeatable measurements was examined in a cohort of Vermont granite workers followed for five years. At each annual survey, a "test failure" was defined as a test in which the two largest forced expiratory volumes in one second (FEV1) differed by more than 200 ml. "Persistent test failure" was defined in terms of 1) the number of test failures for each worker over the six surveys and 2) the difference between the two best efforts at each survey, averaged over all surveys for each worker. The rate of FEV1 loss was estimated for each subject based only on repeatable measurements. It is widespread practice to exclude subjects from analysis who do not perform repeatable lung function tests. The authors found that subjects with persistent test failure were losing FEV1 at a faster rate than subjects without. The results suggest that the application of rigid repeatability criteria may bias epidemiologic findings by the exclusion of many subjects with accelerated loss of lung function.

  18. Development of Selection Criteria and Their Application in Evaluation of CELSS Candidate Species

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hoff, J. E.; Howe, J. M.; Mitchell, C. A.

    1982-01-01

    A total of 21 criteria were considered; nine of them fall into the realm of human nutrition and convenience (the "use' criteria), and the remaining 12 are predominantly cultural considerations. Five criteria were considered to be of great importance in the selection of plant species and were given double eight relative to the remaining criteria. "Use' criteria include the following: energy concentration, nutritional composition, palatability, serving size and frequency, processing requirements, use flexibility, toxicity, and human experience. "Cultural' criteria include the following: proportion of edible biomass, yield of edible plant biomass, continuous vs. determinate harvestability, growth habit and morphology, environmental tolerance, photoperiodic and temperature requirements, symbiotic requirements and restrictions, carbon dioxide-light intensity response, suitability for soilless culture, disease resistance, familarity with species, and pollination and propagation. A total of 115 species were evaluated and scored according to suitability for a CELSS.

  19. Army orthopaedic surgery residency program directors' selection criteria.

    PubMed

    Orr, Justin D; Hoffmann, Jeffrey D; Arrington, Edward D; Gerlinger, Tad L; Devine, John G; Belmont, Philip J

    2015-01-01

    Factors associated with successful selection in U.S. Army orthopaedic surgical programs are unreported. The current analysis includes survey data from all Army orthopaedic surgery residency program directors (PDs) to determine these factors. PDs at all Army orthopaedic surgery residency programs were provided 17 factors historically considered critical to successful selection and asked to rank order the factors as well as assign a level of importance to each. Results were collated and overall mean rankings are provided. PDs unanimously expressed that performance during the on-site orthopaedic surgery rotation at the individual program director's institution was most important. Respondents overwhelmingly reported that Steps 1 and 2 licensing exam scores were next most important, respectively. Survey data demonstrated that little importance was placed on letters of recommendation and personal statements. PDs made no discriminations based on allopathic or osteopathic degrees. The most important factors for Army orthopaedic surgery residency selection were clerkship performance at the individual PD's institution and licensing examination score performance. Army PDs consider both USMLE and COMLEX results, because Army programs have a higher percentage of successful osteopathic applicants.

  20. Army orthopaedic surgery residency program directors' selection criteria.

    PubMed

    Orr, Justin D; Hoffmann, Jeffrey D; Arrington, Edward D; Gerlinger, Tad L; Devine, John G; Belmont, Philip J

    2015-01-01

    Factors associated with successful selection in U.S. Army orthopaedic surgical programs are unreported. The current analysis includes survey data from all Army orthopaedic surgery residency program directors (PDs) to determine these factors. PDs at all Army orthopaedic surgery residency programs were provided 17 factors historically considered critical to successful selection and asked to rank order the factors as well as assign a level of importance to each. Results were collated and overall mean rankings are provided. PDs unanimously expressed that performance during the on-site orthopaedic surgery rotation at the individual program director's institution was most important. Respondents overwhelmingly reported that Steps 1 and 2 licensing exam scores were next most important, respectively. Survey data demonstrated that little importance was placed on letters of recommendation and personal statements. PDs made no discriminations based on allopathic or osteopathic degrees. The most important factors for Army orthopaedic surgery residency selection were clerkship performance at the individual PD's institution and licensing examination score performance. Army PDs consider both USMLE and COMLEX results, because Army programs have a higher percentage of successful osteopathic applicants. PMID:25988694

  1. [Cycle ergometers in rehabilitation medicine: technical characteristics and selection criteria].

    PubMed

    Capodaglio, P; Sartorio, F; Colombo, R; Franchignoni, F

    2007-01-01

    The cycle ergometer is a commonly used means of testing and training patients with energetic disabilities (particularly in the area of cardiopulmonary diseases). Recent evidence suggests that cycle ergometers can also be useful in patients with subacute and chronic stroke, brain injury, chronic degenerative neurological conditions, and in spinal cord injury. Commercially available cycle ergometers show wide differences in terms of structure and function that have a direct impact on the specific rehabilitation protocols. The aims of this review paper are: a) to briefly review the physiology and biomechanics of exercise on a cycle ergometer; b) to review and discuss the technical specifications of the cycle ergometers suited to rehabilitation settings; c) to provide guidelines for selecting appropriate cycle ergometers for the different categories of rehabilitation patients. First, the physiology of exercise on the cycle ergometer and its biomechanical features are discussed, including the patterns of muscular activity during down- and up-stroke. Upright and recumbent ergometers and their specific clinical indications are compared. Finally, the technical characteristics of the cycle ergometers (load, motor, resistance, flywheel, belt, resilience, pedals, frame, display) are described and the specific requisites for the different patient categories undergoing rehabilitation are discussed in detail. Finally, guidelines are offered for identifying the main technical requisites for appropriate cycle ergometer selection in the different disabilities. PMID:18409268

  2. [Treadmills in rehabilitation medicine: technical characteristics and selection criteria].

    PubMed

    Capodaglio, P; Vercelli, S; Colombo, R; Capodaglio, E M; del Moro, V Mattai; Franchignoni, F

    2008-01-01

    The treadmill is a commonly used means of testing and training patients with cardiopulmonary diseases. There is growing interest in the use of the treadmill also for rehabilitation of patients with orthopaedic and neurological diseases. Commercially available treadmills show wide differences in terms of structure and function that have a direct impact on the specific rehabilitation protocols. The aims of this paper are: a) to briefly review the physiology and biomechanics of treadmill exercise as compared to overground walking; b) to point out the technical specifications of treadmills suitable for rehabilitation settings; c) to provide guidelines for treadmill selection in the different categories of rehabilitation patients. First, the different physiological and biomechanical characteristics of walking on a treadmill and overground are discussed. Uphill and downhill walking as well as backward walking are also presented together with the spin-offs for rehabilitation practice. Then, the technical features of treadmills (treadbelt, frame, bars, deck, rollers, shock absorption, elevation motor, drive motor, flywheel, display) are described and the specific requisites for the different patient categories undergoing rehabilitation are discussed in detail. Finally, guidelines and a flow-chart for identifying the main technical requisites for appropriate treadmill selection in the different disabilities are provided. A summary table of the technical specifications of the commercially available rehabilitation treadmills is also included. PMID:19068865

  3. Criteria for the selection of focusing ultrasonic probes

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Schlengermann, U.

    1978-01-01

    The principles of operation employed in the focusing of a sound field are considered, taking into account the use of solid and liquid coupling media. The focusing limits for a given transducer are investigated. As a diffraction phenomenon, focusing is a function of the system dimensions, the frequency, and the sound velocity. The frequency and the material used for the lenses are in most cases determined in accordance with considerations regarding sound propagation. Changes in the focus are therefore effected mainly by the selection of transducer and lens dimensions. The functions of the focusing factor for a normal immersion probe and a direct contact angle probe are represented in graphs. The deviation of the appropriate parametric values for an ultrasonic probe is illustrated with the aid of examples.

  4. Additives initiate selective production of chemicals from biomass pyrolysis.

    PubMed

    Leng, Shuai; Wang, Xinde; Wang, Lei; Qiu, Huizhe; Zhuang, Guilin; Zhong, Xing; Wang, Jianguo; Ma, Fengyun; Liu, Jingmei; Wang, Qiang

    2014-03-01

    To improve chemicals selectivity under low temperature, a new method that involves the injection of additives into biomass pyrolysis is introduced. This method allows biomass pyrolysis to achieve high selectivity to chemicals under low temperature (300°C), while nothing was obtained in typical pyrolysis under 300°C. However, by using the new method, the first liquid drop emerged at the interval between 140°C and 240°C. Adding methanol to mushroom scrap pyrolysis obtained high selectivity to acetic acid (98.33%), while adding ethyl acetate gained selectivity to methanol (65.77%) in bagasse pyrolysis and to acetone (72.51%) in corncob pyrolysis. Apart from basic chemicals, one high value-added chemical (2,3-dihydrobenzofuran) was also detected, which obtained the highest selectivity (10.33%) in corncob pyrolysis through the addition of ethyl acetate. Comparison of HZSM-5 and CaCO3 catalysis showed that benzene emerged in the liquid because of the larger degree of cracking and hydrodeoxygenation over HZSM-5. PMID:24508091

  5. Additives initiate selective production of chemicals from biomass pyrolysis.

    PubMed

    Leng, Shuai; Wang, Xinde; Wang, Lei; Qiu, Huizhe; Zhuang, Guilin; Zhong, Xing; Wang, Jianguo; Ma, Fengyun; Liu, Jingmei; Wang, Qiang

    2014-03-01

    To improve chemicals selectivity under low temperature, a new method that involves the injection of additives into biomass pyrolysis is introduced. This method allows biomass pyrolysis to achieve high selectivity to chemicals under low temperature (300°C), while nothing was obtained in typical pyrolysis under 300°C. However, by using the new method, the first liquid drop emerged at the interval between 140°C and 240°C. Adding methanol to mushroom scrap pyrolysis obtained high selectivity to acetic acid (98.33%), while adding ethyl acetate gained selectivity to methanol (65.77%) in bagasse pyrolysis and to acetone (72.51%) in corncob pyrolysis. Apart from basic chemicals, one high value-added chemical (2,3-dihydrobenzofuran) was also detected, which obtained the highest selectivity (10.33%) in corncob pyrolysis through the addition of ethyl acetate. Comparison of HZSM-5 and CaCO3 catalysis showed that benzene emerged in the liquid because of the larger degree of cracking and hydrodeoxygenation over HZSM-5.

  6. Selection of patients of hepatocellular carcinoma beyond the Milan criteria for liver transplantation.

    PubMed

    Chan, See Ching; Fan, Sheung Tat

    2013-04-01

    The Milan criteria have been proven to be reliable and easily applicable in selection of patients with small unresectable hepatocellular carcinomas for liver transplantation. It has been repeatedly shown that patients who met these criteria had a 5-year survival of over 70% after transplantation. Such a result is remarkably good for an otherwise incurable malignancy. The main disadvantage of this set of criteria is that it is rather restrictive. Following it religiously denies transplantation to many patients who have tumor stage slightly more advanced. There have been many attempts to extend the criteria to include tumors with larger sizes (as in the UCSF criteria) or with a larger number (as in the Kyoto criteria). Alpha-fetoprotein and PIVKA-II, two biological markers in more aggressive tumors, have also been employed in the selection of patients, and biopsies have been used by the University of Toronto to determine tumor aggressiveness before deciding on transplantation. Patients with tumors beyond the Milan criteria yet not of a high grade have been accepted for transplantation and their survival is comparable to that of transplant recipients who were within the Milan criteria. Preoperative dual-tracer ((11)C-acetate and FDG) positron emission tomography has been used to determine tumor grade, and transarterial chemoembolization has been used to downstage tumors, rendering them meeting the Milan criteria. Patients with downstaged tumors have excellent survival after transplantation. Partial response to chemical treatment is a reflection of less aggressive tumor behavior. Careful selection of patients beyond the Milan criteria with the aid of serum tumor marker assay, positron emission tomography or tumor biopsy allows transplanting more patients without compromising survival. The use of liver grafts either from the deceased or from living donors could thus be justified. PMID:24570921

  7. Selection criteria and facilitation training for the study of groupware

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Robichaux, Barry P.

    1993-01-01

    Computer support for planning and decision making groups is a growing trend in the 90s. Groupware is a name often applied to group software and has been defined as 'computer-based systems that support groups engaged in a common task (or goal) and that provide an interface to a shared environment'. Unlike most single-user software, groupware assists user groups in their collaboration, coordination, and communication efforts. This paper focuses on groupware to support the meeting process. These systems are often called group decision support systems (GDSS), electronic meeting systems (EMS), or group support systems (GSS). The term 'meeting support groupware' is used here to include any computer-based system to support meetings. In order to understand this technology, one must first understand groups, what they do and the problems they face, and groupware, a wide range of technology to support group work. Guidelines for selecting groups for study as part of an overall research plan are provided in this document. These were taken from the literature and from persons for whom the information in this paper was targeted. Also, guidelines for facilitation training are discussed. Familiarity with known and accepted techniques are the principle duties of the facilitator and any form of training must include practice in using these techniques.

  8. Structural deterministic safety factors selection criteria and verification

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Verderaime, V.

    1992-01-01

    Though current deterministic safety factors are arbitrarily and unaccountably specified, its ratio is rooted in resistive and applied stress probability distributions. This study approached the deterministic method from a probabilistic concept leading to a more systematic and coherent philosophy and criterion for designing more uniform and reliable high-performance structures. The deterministic method was noted to consist of three safety factors: a standard deviation multiplier of the applied stress distribution; a K-factor for the A- or B-basis material ultimate stress; and the conventional safety factor to ensure that the applied stress does not operate in the inelastic zone of metallic materials. The conventional safety factor is specifically defined as the ratio of ultimate-to-yield stresses. A deterministic safety index of the combined safety factors was derived from which the corresponding reliability proved the deterministic method is not reliability sensitive. The bases for selecting safety factors are presented and verification requirements are discussed. The suggested deterministic approach is applicable to all NASA, DOD, and commercial high-performance structures under static stresses.

  9. Survival of ART restorations assessed using selected FDI and modified ART restoration criteria.

    PubMed

    Farag, Abeer; van der Sanden, Wil J M; Abdelwahab, Hisran; Frencken, Jo E

    2011-06-01

    A new set of criteria for assessing the quality of restorations using modern restorative materials, named FDI criteria, was recently introduced. This study tested the null hypothesis that there is no significant difference in survival estimate percentages of ART restorations assessed using selected FDI and modified ART criteria after 1 and 5 years. One operator placed a total of 60 class I and 30 Class II high-viscosity glass-ionomer ART restorations in ninety 14- to 15-year-olds. Two calibrated and independent evaluators using both criteria evaluated restorations on diestone replicas at baseline and after 1 and 5 years. Statistical analyses were done using the Kaplan-Meier method and log-rank test. The survival results of ART restorations assessed using both sets of criteria after 1 and 5 years (p = 0.27) did not differ significantly. Three ART restorations were assessed as failures according to the ART criteria, while they were assessed as survived using the FDI criteria. We conclude that the modified ART criteria enable reliable assessment of ART restorations in permanent teeth from diestone replicas and that there was no significant difference in survival estimates of ART restorations assessed using both sets of criteria. The null hypothesis was accepted.

  10. 34 CFR 600.56 - Additional criteria for determining whether a foreign veterinary school is eligible to apply to...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... veterinary school is eligible to apply to participate in the Direct Loan Program. 600.56 Section 600.56... (FFEL) Programs § 600.56 Additional criteria for determining whether a foreign veterinary school is... veterinary school to be eligible to apply to participate in the Direct Loan Program if, in addition...

  11. Design Criteria, Operating Conditions, and Nickel-Iron Hydroxide Catalyst Materials for Selective Seawater Electrolysis.

    PubMed

    Dionigi, Fabio; Reier, Tobias; Pawolek, Zarina; Gliech, Manuel; Strasser, Peter

    2016-05-10

    Seawater is an abundant water resource on our planet and its direct electrolysis has the advantage that it would not compete with activities demanding fresh water. Oxygen selectivity is challenging when performing seawater electrolysis owing to competing chloride oxidation reactions. In this work we propose a design criterion based on thermodynamic and kinetic considerations that identifies alkaline conditions as preferable to obtain high selectivity for the oxygen evolution reaction. The criterion states that catalysts sustaining the desired operating current with an overpotential <480 mV in alkaline pH possess the best chance to achieve 100 % oxygen/hydrogen selectivity. NiFe layered double hydroxide is shown to satisfy this criterion at pH 13 in seawater-mimicking electrolyte. The catalyst was synthesized by a solvothermal method and the activity, surface redox chemistry, and stability were tested electrochemically in alkaline and near-neutral conditions (borate buffer at pH 9.2) and under both fresh seawater conditions. The Tafel slope at low current densities is not influenced by pH or presence of chloride. On the other hand, the addition of chloride ions has an influence in the temporal evolution of the nickel reduction peak and on both the activity and stability at high current densities at pH 9.2. Faradaic efficiency close to 100 % under the operating conditions predicted by our design criteria was proven using in situ electrochemical mass spectrometry.

  12. Design Criteria, Operating Conditions, and Nickel-Iron Hydroxide Catalyst Materials for Selective Seawater Electrolysis.

    PubMed

    Dionigi, Fabio; Reier, Tobias; Pawolek, Zarina; Gliech, Manuel; Strasser, Peter

    2016-05-10

    Seawater is an abundant water resource on our planet and its direct electrolysis has the advantage that it would not compete with activities demanding fresh water. Oxygen selectivity is challenging when performing seawater electrolysis owing to competing chloride oxidation reactions. In this work we propose a design criterion based on thermodynamic and kinetic considerations that identifies alkaline conditions as preferable to obtain high selectivity for the oxygen evolution reaction. The criterion states that catalysts sustaining the desired operating current with an overpotential <480 mV in alkaline pH possess the best chance to achieve 100 % oxygen/hydrogen selectivity. NiFe layered double hydroxide is shown to satisfy this criterion at pH 13 in seawater-mimicking electrolyte. The catalyst was synthesized by a solvothermal method and the activity, surface redox chemistry, and stability were tested electrochemically in alkaline and near-neutral conditions (borate buffer at pH 9.2) and under both fresh seawater conditions. The Tafel slope at low current densities is not influenced by pH or presence of chloride. On the other hand, the addition of chloride ions has an influence in the temporal evolution of the nickel reduction peak and on both the activity and stability at high current densities at pH 9.2. Faradaic efficiency close to 100 % under the operating conditions predicted by our design criteria was proven using in situ electrochemical mass spectrometry. PMID:27010750

  13. Criteria Utilized by College-Educated Women to Select Newspaper Science News.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dunwoody, Sharon

    In an attempt to identify criteria used by readers to select science news, a homogeneous group of women in the Philadelphia area was asked to indicate which of 48 science-news statements they would be interested in reading in their newspapers. The statements were condensed from stories selected from Philadelphia newspapers over a…

  14. 7 CFR Exhibit D to Subpart N of... - Project Selection Criteria-Outline Rating Form

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 13 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Project Selection Criteria-Outline Rating Form D Exhibit D to Subpart N of Part 1944 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued... Preservation Grants Pt. 1944, Subpt. N, Exh. D Exhibit D to Subpart N of Part 1944—Project Selection...

  15. 7 CFR Exhibit D to Subpart N of... - Project Selection Criteria-Outline Rating Form

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 13 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Project Selection Criteria-Outline Rating Form D Exhibit D to Subpart N of Part 1944 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued... Preservation Grants Pt. 1944, Subpt. N, Exh. D Exhibit D to Subpart N of Part 1944—Project Selection...

  16. 34 CFR 379.30 - What selection criteria does the Secretary use under this program?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... this program? (a) The Secretary uses the procedures in 34 CFR part 75 to select applications and award new grants. (b) The Secretary uses the following selection criteria to evaluate an application: (1... effectiveness (10 points). The Secretary reviews each application to determine the extent to which— (i)...

  17. 34 CFR 379.30 - What selection criteria does the Secretary use under this program?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... this program? (a) The Secretary uses the procedures in 34 CFR part 75 to select applications and award new grants. (b) The Secretary uses the following selection criteria to evaluate an application: (1... effectiveness (10 points). The Secretary reviews each application to determine the extent to which— (i)...

  18. 7 CFR Exhibit D to Subpart N of... - Project Selection Criteria-Outline Rating Form

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 13 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Project Selection Criteria-Outline Rating Form D Exhibit D to Subpart N of Part 1944 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued... Preservation Grants Pt. 1944, Subpt. N, Exh. D Exhibit D to Subpart N of Part 1944—Project Selection...

  19. Lean Information Management: Criteria For Selecting Key Performance Indicators At Shop Floor

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Iuga, Maria Virginia; Kifor, Claudiu Vasile; Rosca, Liviu-Ion

    2015-07-01

    Most successful organizations worldwide use key performance indicators as an important part of their corporate strategy in order to forecast, measure and plan their businesses. Performance metrics vary in their purpose, definition and content. Therefore, the way organizations select what they think are the optimal indicators for their businesses varies from company to company, sometimes even from department to department. This study aims to answer the question of what is the most suitable way to define and select key performance indicators. More than that, it identifies the right criteria to select key performance indicators at shop floor level. This paper contributes to prior research by analysing and comparing previously researched selection criteria and proposes an original six-criteria-model, which caters towards choosing the most adequate KPIs. Furthermore, the authors take the research a step further by further steps to closed research gaps within this field of study.

  20. Carbonyl and Conjugate Additions to Cyclohexenone: Experiments Illustrating Reagent Selectivity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Organ, Michael G.; Anderson, Paul

    1996-12-01

    Organic chemistry is very challenging for most undergraduate students in that it is often perceived to be a subject unto itself, seemingly with its own language. Consequently, the focus of the curricula in most one-year organic chemistry courses is commonly on "the basics", and issues that may serve to confuse are often glosses over or omitted completely. One such issue is the reagent selectivity, or chemoselectivity, observed when a reagent is added to starting materials that possess more than one reactive site or functional group. This is an issue commonly faced by a practicing synthetic chemist in the production of target molecules of industrial interest. Undergraduate students leaving an organic chemistry program should have exposure to these concepts and hand-on experinence in dealing practically with the issue of selectivity. In this paper, selective addition of a nucleophile to either end of the enone moiety in cyclohexenone is examined.

  1. Generalized additive modeling with implicit variable selection by likelihood-based boosting.

    PubMed

    Tutz, Gerhard; Binder, Harald

    2006-12-01

    The use of generalized additive models in statistical data analysis suffers from the restriction to few explanatory variables and the problems of selection of smoothing parameters. Generalized additive model boosting circumvents these problems by means of stagewise fitting of weak learners. A fitting procedure is derived which works for all simple exponential family distributions, including binomial, Poisson, and normal response variables. The procedure combines the selection of variables and the determination of the appropriate amount of smoothing. Penalized regression splines and the newly introduced penalized stumps are considered as weak learners. Estimates of standard deviations and stopping criteria, which are notorious problems in iterative procedures, are based on an approximate hat matrix. The method is shown to be a strong competitor to common procedures for the fitting of generalized additive models. In particular, in high-dimensional settings with many nuisance predictor variables it performs very well. PMID:17156269

  2. Fundamental Aspects of Selective Melting Additive Manufacturing Processes

    SciTech Connect

    van Swol, Frank B.; Miller, James E.

    2014-12-01

    Certain details of the additive manufacturing process known as selective laser melting (SLM) affect the performance of the final metal part. To unleash the full potential of SLM it is crucial that the process engineer in the field receives guidance about how to select values for a multitude of process variables employed in the building process. These include, for example, the type of powder (e.g., size distribution, shape, type of alloy), orientation of the build axis, the beam scan rate, the beam power density, the scan pattern and scan rate. The science-based selection of these settings con- stitutes an intrinsically challenging multi-physics problem involving heating and melting a metal alloy, reactive, dynamic wetting followed by re-solidification. In addition, inherent to the process is its considerable variability that stems from the powder packing. Each time a limited number of powder particles are placed, the stacking is intrinsically different from the previous, possessing a different geometry, and having a different set of contact areas with the surrounding particles. As a result, even if all other process parameters (scan rate, etc) are exactly the same, the shape and contact geometry and area of the final melt pool will be unique to that particular configuration. This report identifies the most important issues facing SLM, discusses the fundamental physics associated with it and points out how modeling can support the additive manufacturing efforts.

  3. Comparisons Between Selected Three-Dimensional Yield Criteria Applied to Rock

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Priest, S. D.

    2010-07-01

    This article focuses on two broad categories of yield criteria: those based on the Hoek-Brown yield criterion and a range of other widely used criteria. The first group of criteria source their input data from uniaxial compressive strength, coupled with mineralogical and structural properties of the rock. The second group of selected criteria, here referred to as ‘frictional criteria’, source their input data from one or more of the parameters uniaxial compressive strength, cohesion and friction. Although some authors have attempted to compare the predictions of the wide range of published criteria, the results have not been entirely satisfactory due to disparities in the input data and the difficulties in extrapolating a two-dimensional criterion into three-dimensions. This article presents a strategy for achieving a consistent basis for comparing three-dimensional yield criteria for rock. This strategy is based on using the two-dimensional Hoek-Brown criterion as a single ‘front end’ for calculating the input parameters for the selected frictional criteria. In essence, four amended yield criteria have been defined: the Hoek-Brown-Drucker-Prager (which is a close approximation to the comprehensive Priest criterion); the Hoek-Brown-Coulomb; the Hoek-Brown-modified Wiebols and Cook; and the Hoek-Brown-modified Lade. The predictions of these criteria, and also the comprehensive Zhang-Zhu criterion, can be approximated over a limited range of intermediate principal stress by selecting a value for the weighting factor w between 0.2 and 0.5 in the simplified Priest criterion to achieve the appropriate sensitivity to the intermediate effective principal stress.

  4. Selection Criteria, Skill Sets and Competencies: What Is Their Role in the Appointment of Vice-Chancellors in Australian Universities?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Meara, Bernard; Petzall, Stanley

    2009-01-01

    Purpose: The research presented here attempts to identify and analyse the reported selection criteria used in the appointment of Australian vice-chancellors (VCs) and to contrast this with the selection criteria actually used. Design/methodology/approach: Contemporary research into the nature, role and purpose of section criteria in appointment…

  5. 34 CFR 426.22 - What selection criteria does the Secretary use for the Program for Model Consumer and Homemaking...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What selection criteria does the Secretary use for the... selection criteria does the Secretary use for the Program for Model Consumer and Homemaking Education Projects? (a) The Secretary uses the following criteria to evaluate an application for a model consumer...

  6. A Review on influencing criteria for selecting supplier of information technology services in the hospital.

    PubMed

    Ajami, Sima; Rajabzadeh, Ahmad; Ketabi, Saeedeh

    2014-01-01

    Organizations try to outsource their activities as much as possible in order to prevent the problems and use organizational capabilities in Information Technology (IT) field. The purpose of this paper was first, to express the effective criteria for selecting suppliers of IT services, second, to explain the advantages and disadvantages of outsourcing IT in hospitals. This study was narrative review, which search was conducted with the help of libraries, books, conference proceedings, and databases of Science Direct, PubMed, Proquest, Springer, and SID (Scientific Information Database). In our searches, we employed the following keywords and their combinations: Outsourcing, information technology, hospital, decision making, and criteria. The preliminary search resulted in 120 articles, which were published between 2000 and 2013 during July 2013. After a careful analysis of the content of each paper, a total of 46 papers were selected based on their relevancy. The criteria and sub-criteria influencing outsourcing decisions in Iranian hospitals were identified in six major categories including administrative issues, issues related to the service/product, technology factors, environmental factors, risks, and economic factors associated with 15 sub-criteria containing business integration, dependence on suppliers, human resources, focus on core competencies, facilities and physical capital, innovation, quality, speed of service delivery, flexibility, market capabilities, geographical location, security, management control, cost, and financial capability. Identify the advantages and disadvantages of outsourcing and effective criteria in IT services supplier selection causes the managers be able to take the most appropriate decision to select supplier of IT services. This is a general review on influencing criteria for electing of supplier of information technology services in hospitals.

  7. A Review on influencing criteria for selecting supplier of information technology services in the hospital

    PubMed Central

    Ajami, Sima; Rajabzadeh, Ahmad; Ketabi, Saeedeh

    2014-01-01

    Organizations try to outsource their activities as much as possible in order to prevent the problems and use organizational capabilities in Information Technology (IT) field. The purpose of this paper was first, to express the effective criteria for selecting suppliers of IT services, second, to explain the advantages and disadvantages of outsourcing IT in hospitals. This study was narrative review, which search was conducted with the help of libraries, books, conference proceedings, and databases of Science Direct, PubMed, Proquest, Springer, and SID (Scientific Information Database). In our searches, we employed the following keywords and their combinations: Outsourcing, information technology, hospital, decision making, and criteria. The preliminary search resulted in 120 articles, which were published between 2000 and 2013 during July 2013. After a careful analysis of the content of each paper, a total of 46 papers were selected based on their relevancy. The criteria and sub-criteria influencing outsourcing decisions in Iranian hospitals were identified in six major categories including administrative issues, issues related to the service/product, technology factors, environmental factors, risks, and economic factors associated with 15 sub-criteria containing business integration, dependence on suppliers, human resources, focus on core competencies, facilities and physical capital, innovation, quality, speed of service delivery, flexibility, market capabilities, geographical location, security, management control, cost, and financial capability. Identify the advantages and disadvantages of outsourcing and effective criteria in IT services supplier selection causes the managers be able to take the most appropriate decision to select supplier of IT services. This is a general review on influencing criteria for electing of supplier of information technology services in hospitals. PMID:25540781

  8. A Review on influencing criteria for selecting supplier of information technology services in the hospital.

    PubMed

    Ajami, Sima; Rajabzadeh, Ahmad; Ketabi, Saeedeh

    2014-01-01

    Organizations try to outsource their activities as much as possible in order to prevent the problems and use organizational capabilities in Information Technology (IT) field. The purpose of this paper was first, to express the effective criteria for selecting suppliers of IT services, second, to explain the advantages and disadvantages of outsourcing IT in hospitals. This study was narrative review, which search was conducted with the help of libraries, books, conference proceedings, and databases of Science Direct, PubMed, Proquest, Springer, and SID (Scientific Information Database). In our searches, we employed the following keywords and their combinations: Outsourcing, information technology, hospital, decision making, and criteria. The preliminary search resulted in 120 articles, which were published between 2000 and 2013 during July 2013. After a careful analysis of the content of each paper, a total of 46 papers were selected based on their relevancy. The criteria and sub-criteria influencing outsourcing decisions in Iranian hospitals were identified in six major categories including administrative issues, issues related to the service/product, technology factors, environmental factors, risks, and economic factors associated with 15 sub-criteria containing business integration, dependence on suppliers, human resources, focus on core competencies, facilities and physical capital, innovation, quality, speed of service delivery, flexibility, market capabilities, geographical location, security, management control, cost, and financial capability. Identify the advantages and disadvantages of outsourcing and effective criteria in IT services supplier selection causes the managers be able to take the most appropriate decision to select supplier of IT services. This is a general review on influencing criteria for electing of supplier of information technology services in hospitals. PMID:25540781

  9. Determination of Microlensing Selection Criteria for the SuperMACHO Survey

    SciTech Connect

    Garg, A

    2008-10-10

    The SuperMACHO project is a 5 year survey to determine the nature of the lens population responsible for the excess microlensing rate toward the Large Magellanic Cloud observed by the MACHO project [1]. The survey probes deeper than earlier surveys unveiling many more extragalactic contaminants, particularly type Ia supernovae and active galactic nuclei. Using {approx}10{sup 7} simulated light curves of both microlensing events and type Ia supernovae we determine selection criteria optimized to maximize the microlensing detection efficiency while minimizing the contamination rate from non-microlensing events. We discuss these simulations and the selection criteria.

  10. Dermatology Residency Selection Criteria with an Emphasis on Program Characteristics: A National Program Director Survey

    PubMed Central

    Gorouhi, Farzam; Alikhan, Ali; Rezaei, Arash; Fazel, Nasim

    2014-01-01

    Background. Dermatology residency programs are relatively diverse in their resident selection process. The authors investigated the importance of 25 dermatology residency selection criteria focusing on differences in program directors' (PDs') perception based on specific program demographics. Methods. This cross-sectional nationwide observational survey utilized a 41-item questionnaire that was developed by literature search, brainstorming sessions, and online expert reviews. The data were analyzed utilizing the reliability test, two-step clustering, and K-means methods as well as other methods. The main purpose of this study was to investigate the differences in PDs' perception regarding the importance of the selection criteria based on program demographics. Results. Ninety-five out of 114 PDs (83.3%) responded to the survey. The top five criteria for dermatology residency selection were interview, letters of recommendation, United States Medical Licensing Examination Step I scores, medical school transcripts, and clinical rotations. The following criteria were preferentially ranked based on different program characteristics: “advanced degrees,” “interest in academics,” “reputation of undergraduate and medical school,” “prior unsuccessful attempts to match,” and “number of publications.” Conclusions. Our survey provides up-to-date factual data on dermatology PDs' perception in this regard. Dermatology residency programs may find the reported data useful in further optimizing their residency selection process. PMID:24772165

  11. Desirability-based multi-criteria virtual screening of selective antimicrobial cyclic β-hairpin cationic peptidomimetics.

    PubMed

    Cruz-Monteagudo, Maykel; Romero, Yansy; Cordeiro, M Natália D S; Borges, Fernanda

    2013-01-01

    Today, emerging and increasing resistance to antibiotics has become a threat to public health worldwide. Antimicrobial peptides own unique action mechanisms making peptide antibiotics an attractive therapeutic option against resistant bacteria. However, their high haemolytic activity lacks the selectivity required for a human antibiotic. Therefore, additional efforts are needed to develop new antimicrobial peptides that possess greater selectivity for bacterial cells over erythrocytes. In this article, we introduce a chemoinformatics approach to simultaneously deal with these two conflicting properties consisting on a multi-criteria virtual screening strategy based on the use of a desirability-based multi-criteria classifier combined with similarity and chemometrics concepts. Here we propose a new quantitative feature encoding information related to the desirability, the degree of credibility ascribed to this desirability and the similarity of a candidate to a highly desirable query, which can be used as ranking criterion in a virtual screening campaign, the Desirability-Credibility- Similarity (DCS) Score. The enrichment ability of a multi-criteria virtual screening strategy based on the use of the DCS Score it is also assessed and compared to other virtual screening options. The results obtained evidenced that the use of the DCS score seems to be an efficient virtual screening strategy rendering promising overall and initial enrichment performance. Specifically, by using the DCS score it was possible to rank a selective antibacterial peptidomimetic earlier than a biologically inactive or non selective antibacterial peptidomimetic with a probability of ca. 0.9.

  12. 10 CFR 60.132 - Additional design criteria for surface facilities in the geologic repository operations area.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... the Geologic Repository Operations Area § 60.132 Additional design criteria for surface facilities in the geologic repository operations area. (a) Facilities for receipt and retrieval of waste. Surface... wastes at the geologic repository operations area, whether these wastes are on the surface...

  13. 34 CFR 600.56 - Additional criteria for determining whether a foreign veterinary school is eligible to apply to...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... veterinary school is eligible to apply to participate in the FFEL programs. 600.56 Section 600.56 Education...) Programs § 600.56 Additional criteria for determining whether a foreign veterinary school is eligible to apply to participate in the FFEL programs. (a) The Secretary considers a foreign veterinary school to...

  14. 34 CFR 600.57 - Additional criteria for determining whether a foreign nursing school is eligible to apply to...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... nursing school is eligible to apply to participate in the Direct Loan Program. 600.57 Section 600.57... (FFEL) Programs § 600.57 Additional criteria for determining whether a foreign nursing school is... nursing school that was participating in any title IV, HEA program on August 13, 2008, and effective...

  15. 34 CFR 600.57 - Additional criteria for determining whether a foreign nursing school is eligible to apply to...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... nursing school is eligible to apply to participate in the Direct Loan Program. 600.57 Section 600.57... (FFEL) Programs § 600.57 Additional criteria for determining whether a foreign nursing school is... nursing school that was participating in any title IV, HEA program on August 13, 2008, and effective...

  16. 34 CFR 600.57 - Additional criteria for determining whether a foreign nursing school is eligible to apply to...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... nursing school is eligible to apply to participate in the Direct Loan Program. 600.57 Section 600.57... (FFEL) Programs § 600.57 Additional criteria for determining whether a foreign nursing school is... nursing school that was participating in any title IV, HEA program on August 13, 2008, and effective...

  17. 34 CFR 600.57 - Additional criteria for determining whether a foreign nursing school is eligible to apply to...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... nursing school is eligible to apply to participate in the Direct Loan Program. 600.57 Section 600.57... (FFEL) Programs § 600.57 Additional criteria for determining whether a foreign nursing school is... nursing school that was participating in any title IV, HEA program on August 13, 2008, and effective...

  18. Preliminary selection criteria for the Yucca Mountain Project waste package container material

    SciTech Connect

    Halsey, W.G.

    1991-01-01

    The Department of Energy`s Yucca Mountain Project (YMP) is evaluating a site at Yucca Mountain in Nevada for construction of a geologic repository for the storage of high-level nuclear waste. Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory`s (LLNL) Nuclear Waste Management Project (NWMP) has the responsibility for design, testing, and performance analysis of the waste packages. The design is performed in an iterative manner in three sequential phases (conceptual design, advanced conceptual design, and license application design). An important input to the start of the advanced conceptual design is the selection of the material for the waste containers. The container material is referred to as the `metal barrier` portion of the waste package, and is the responsibility of the Metal Barrier Selection and Testing task at LLNL. The selection will consist of several steps. First, preliminary, material-independent selection criteria will be established based on the performance goals for the container. Second, a variety of engineering materials will be evaluated against these criteria in a screening process to identify candidate materials. Third, information will be obtained on the performance of the candidate materials, and final selection criteria and quantitative weighting factors will be established based on the waste package design requirements. Finally, the candidate materials will be ranked against these criteria to determine whether they meet the mandated performance requirements, and to provide a comparative score to choose the material for advanced conceptual design activities. This document sets forth the preliminary container material selection criteria to be used in screening candidate materials. 5 refs.

  19. 34 CFR 373.10 - What selection criteria does the Secretary use?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What selection criteria does the Secretary use? 373.10 Section 373.10 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF SPECIAL EDUCATION AND REHABILITATIVE SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION SPECIAL DEMONSTRATION PROGRAMS...

  20. 34 CFR 611.32 - What are the program's general selection criteria?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 34 Education 3 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false What are the program's general selection criteria? 611.32 Section 611.32 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF POSTSECONDARY EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION TEACHER QUALITY ENHANCEMENT GRANTS...

  1. Effective Selection and Matching Criteria for Mentors of Beginning Building Principals

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Graff, Sarah; Pettengill, Bryan

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this project was to establish criteria necessary to evaluate a mentoring policy for beginning principals. This study found that most mentor programs for first year school leaders lack expectations for selection and assignment of mentor principals. This process began with a multi-faceted approach to researching best practices.…

  2. 34 CFR 664.31 - What selection criteria does the Secretary use?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... study of modern foreign languages and area studies in American education. (ii) The project's relevance... 34 Education 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false What selection criteria does the Secretary use? 664.31 Section 664.31 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE...

  3. 34 CFR 646.21 - What selection criteria does the Secretary use to evaluate an application?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 34 Education 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false What selection criteria does the Secretary use to evaluate an application? 646.21 Section 646.21 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF POSTSECONDARY EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION STUDENT SUPPORT...

  4. 34 CFR 535.21 - What selection criteria does the Secretary use?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What selection criteria does the Secretary use? 535.21 Section 535.21 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF BILINGUAL EDUCATION AND MINORITY LANGUAGES AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION BILINGUAL EDUCATION:...

  5. 34 CFR 606.22 - What are the selection criteria for development grants?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What are the selection criteria for development grants? 606.22 Section 606.22 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF POSTSECONDARY EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION DEVELOPING HISPANIC-SERVING...

  6. 34 CFR 607.22 - What are the selection criteria for development grants?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What are the selection criteria for development grants? 607.22 Section 607.22 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF POSTSECONDARY EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION STRENGTHENING INSTITUTIONS PROGRAM How...

  7. 34 CFR 611.21 - What are the program's selection criteria for pre-applications?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What are the program's selection criteria for pre-applications? 611.21 Section 611.21 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF POSTSECONDARY EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION TEACHER QUALITY ENHANCEMENT...

  8. 29 CFR 1630.10 - Qualification standards, tests, and other selection criteria.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... business necessity. (b) Qualification standards and tests related to uncorrected vision. Notwithstanding..., or other selection criteria based on an individual's uncorrected vision unless the standard, test, or... application of a qualification standard, test, or other criterion based on uncorrected vision need not be...

  9. 29 CFR 1630.10 - Qualification standards, tests, and other selection criteria.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... business necessity. (b) Qualification standards and tests related to uncorrected vision. Notwithstanding..., or other selection criteria based on an individual's uncorrected vision unless the standard, test, or... application of a qualification standard, test, or other criterion based on uncorrected vision need not be...

  10. 29 CFR 1630.10 - Qualification standards, tests, and other selection criteria.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... business necessity. (b) Qualification standards and tests related to uncorrected vision. Notwithstanding..., or other selection criteria based on an individual's uncorrected vision unless the standard, test, or... application of a qualification standard, test, or other criterion based on uncorrected vision need not be...

  11. 29 CFR 1630.10 - Qualification standards, tests, and other selection criteria.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... business necessity. (b) Qualification standards and tests related to uncorrected vision. Notwithstanding..., or other selection criteria based on an individual's uncorrected vision unless the standard, test, or... application of a qualification standard, test, or other criterion based on uncorrected vision need not be...

  12. 34 CFR 377.21 - What selection criteria does the Secretary use?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... SPECIAL EDUCATION AND REHABILITATIVE SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION DEMONSTRATION PROJECTS TO INCREASE CLIENT CHOICE PROGRAM How Does the Secretary Make an Award? § 377.21 What selection criteria does the... methods of evaluation— (1) Are appropriate to the project; (2) Will determine how successful the...

  13. 40 CFR 228.5 - General criteria for the selection of sites.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 25 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false General criteria for the selection of sites. 228.5 Section 228.5 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) OCEAN... environment, particularly avoiding areas of existing fisheries or shellfisheries, and regions of...

  14. 34 CFR 636.21 - What selection criteria does the Secretary use to evaluate an application?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 34 Education 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false What selection criteria does the Secretary use to evaluate an application? 636.21 Section 636.21 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF POSTSECONDARY EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION URBAN COMMUNITY...

  15. 34 CFR 636.21 - What selection criteria does the Secretary use to evaluate an application?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 34 Education 3 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false What selection criteria does the Secretary use to evaluate an application? 636.21 Section 636.21 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF POSTSECONDARY EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION URBAN COMMUNITY...

  16. 34 CFR 636.21 - What selection criteria does the Secretary use to evaluate an application?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 34 Education 3 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false What selection criteria does the Secretary use to evaluate an application? 636.21 Section 636.21 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF POSTSECONDARY EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION URBAN COMMUNITY...

  17. 77 FR 4553 - Proposed Revision to Selection Criteria-Enhanced Assessment Instruments

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-30

    ... or increase potential benefits while preserving the effective and efficient administration of the... the Federal Register on April 19, 2011 (76 FR 21986), (b) from the general selection criteria in the... FR 21995-21996 . We have concluded that greater flexibility is desirable for choosing...

  18. 34 CFR 611.21 - What are the program's selection criteria for pre-applications?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 34 Education 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false What are the program's selection criteria for pre-applications? 611.21 Section 611.21 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF POSTSECONDARY EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION TEACHER QUALITY ENHANCEMENT...

  19. 34 CFR 611.31 - What are the program's selection criteria for pre-applications?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 34 Education 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false What are the program's selection criteria for pre-applications? 611.31 Section 611.31 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF POSTSECONDARY EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION TEACHER QUALITY ENHANCEMENT...

  20. 34 CFR 611.11 - What are the program's general selection criteria?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 34 Education 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false What are the program's general selection criteria? 611.11 Section 611.11 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF POSTSECONDARY EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION TEACHER QUALITY ENHANCEMENT GRANTS...

  1. 34 CFR 611.23 - What are the program's general selection criteria for full applications?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 34 Education 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false What are the program's general selection criteria for full applications? 611.23 Section 611.23 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF POSTSECONDARY EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION TEACHER QUALITY...

  2. 34 CFR 611.32 - What are the program's general selection criteria?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 34 Education 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false What are the program's general selection criteria? 611.32 Section 611.32 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF POSTSECONDARY EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION TEACHER QUALITY ENHANCEMENT GRANTS...

  3. Gender Differences in Students' and Parents' Evaluative Criteria when Selecting a College

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mansfield, Phylis M.; Warwick, Jacquelyn

    2005-01-01

    Evaluation of gender differences between students and between parents based on the perceived financial, social, psychological, physical, and functional risks associated with college selection. Nineteen criteria associated with these risks were evaluated for significant gender differences as well as for their level of importance by gender in the…

  4. Perceived Risk in College Selection: Differences in Evaluative Criteria Used by Students and Parents

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Warwick, Jacquelyn; Mansfield, Phylis M.

    2003-01-01

    Students and parents base college selection on how well the college will overcome the perceived financial, social, psychological, physical, and functional risks associated with the college experience. Nineteen criteria associated with these risks were evaluated for significant differences between students and parents as well as for their level of…

  5. 34 CFR 411.21 - What selection criteria does the Secretary use?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 34 Education 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false What selection criteria does the Secretary use? 411.21 Section 411.21 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF VOCATIONAL AND ADULT EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION VOCATIONAL EDUCATION RESEARCH PROGRAM How Does...

  6. 34 CFR 425.21 - What selection criteria does the Secretary use?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 34 Education 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false What selection criteria does the Secretary use? 425.21 Section 425.21 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF VOCATIONAL AND ADULT EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION DEMONSTRATION PROJECTS FOR THE INTEGRATION...

  7. 34 CFR 426.21 - What selection criteria does the Secretary use for the Demonstration Projects?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 34 Education 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false What selection criteria does the Secretary use for the Demonstration Projects? 426.21 Section 426.21 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF VOCATIONAL AND ADULT EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION...

  8. 49 CFR 240.105 - Criteria for selection of designated supervisors of locomotive engineers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... of locomotive engineers. 240.105 Section 240.105 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to... CERTIFICATION OF LOCOMOTIVE ENGINEERS Component Elements of the Certification Process § 240.105 Criteria for selection of designated supervisors of locomotive engineers. (a) Each railroad's program shall...

  9. 49 CFR 240.105 - Criteria for selection of designated supervisors of locomotive engineers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... of locomotive engineers. 240.105 Section 240.105 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to... CERTIFICATION OF LOCOMOTIVE ENGINEERS Component Elements of the Certification Process § 240.105 Criteria for selection of designated supervisors of locomotive engineers. (a) Each railroad's program shall...

  10. 34 CFR 427.21 - What selection criteria does the Secretary use?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... effectiveness. (5 points) The Secretary reviews each application to determine the extent to which— (1) The... following selection criteria to evaluate an application: (a) Need. (15 points) The Secretary reviews each application for specific information that shows the need for the proposed bilingual vocational...

  11. 34 CFR 429.31 - What selection criteria does the Secretary use?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... and cost effectiveness. (10 points) (1) The Secretary reviews each application for information that... use? The Secretary uses the following selection criteria in evaluating each application: (a) Need. (20 points) (1) The Secretary reviews each application for information that shows the need for the...

  12. 34 CFR 402.21 - What selection criteria does the Secretary use?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... training is provided. (e) Budget and cost-effectiveness. (5 points) The Secretary reviews each application... uses the following selection criteria to evaluate an application: (a) Program design. (35 points) The Secretary reviews each application to determine the extent to which— (1) The application presents a...

  13. 34 CFR 429.31 - What selection criteria does the Secretary use?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... and cost effectiveness. (10 points) (1) The Secretary reviews each application for information that... use? The Secretary uses the following selection criteria in evaluating each application: (a) Need. (20 points) (1) The Secretary reviews each application for information that shows the need for the...

  14. 34 CFR 402.21 - What selection criteria does the Secretary use?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... training is provided. (e) Budget and cost-effectiveness. (5 points) The Secretary reviews each application... uses the following selection criteria to evaluate an application: (a) Program design. (35 points) The Secretary reviews each application to determine the extent to which— (1) The application presents a...

  15. 34 CFR 428.21 - What selection criteria does the Secretary use?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... qualifications that pertain to the quality of the project. (e) Budget and cost effectiveness. (5 points) The.... (10 points) The Secretary reviews each application to determine the effectiveness and efficiency of... Secretary uses the following selection criteria in evaluating each application: (a) Need. (15 points)...

  16. Relationship between Admission Selection Criteria and Academic Progression for Student Nurse Anesthetists

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burns, Sharon M.

    2009-01-01

    Today's admission selection criteria require refinement with the intention of fostering academic progression for students entering nurse anesthesia programs (Reese, 2002).With the escalating cost of graduate education coupled with the current economic crisis, efforts by educational leaders to minimize attrition remains pivotal (Andrews, Johansson,…

  17. 34 CFR 356.30 - What selection criteria are used for this program?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 34 Education 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false What selection criteria are used for this program? 356.30 Section 356.30 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF SPECIAL EDUCATION AND REHABILITATIVE SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION DISABILITY...

  18. Model Selection Information Criteria for Non-Nested Latent Class Models.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lin, Ting Hsiang; Dayton, C. Mitchell

    1997-01-01

    The use of these three model selection information criteria for latent class models was studied for nonnested models: (1) Akaike's information criterion (H. Akaike, 1973) (AIC); (2) the Schwarz information (G. Schwarz, 1978) (SIC) criterion; and (3) the Bozdogan version of the AIC (CAIC) (H. Bozdogan, 1987). Situations in which each is preferable…

  19. 78 FR 18681 - Final Priorities, Requirements, Definitions, and Selection Criteria-Investing in Innovation Fund

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-27

    ..., and selection criteria (NPP) (published in the Federal Register on December 14, 2012 (77 FR 74407... of practices that are supported by evidence of promise (as defined in this document) or strong theory... December 14, 2012 (77 FR 74407). That notice contained background information and our reasons for...

  20. Affective Responses of Community College Students to Self-Selected Criteria of Success.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Easton, John Q.

    A study was conducted at the City Colleges of Chicago to investigate how individual expectations and self-selected criteria for success correlate with academic self-concept and course achievement. At the beginning and end of the fall semester, students enrolled in six basic mathematics classes completed questionnaires containing the Michigan State…

  1. 34 CFR 607.22 - What are the selection criteria for development grants?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 34 Education 3 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false What are the selection criteria for development grants? 607.22 Section 607.22 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF POSTSECONDARY EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION STRENGTHENING INSTITUTIONS PROGRAM How Does the Secretary Make an Award? § 607.22...

  2. 34 CFR 410.21 - What selection criteria does the Secretary use for institutional support grants?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 34 Education 3 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false What selection criteria does the Secretary use for institutional support grants? 410.21 Section 410.21 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF VOCATIONAL AND ADULT EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION TRIBALLY CONTROLLED POSTSECONDARY...

  3. 34 CFR 611.23 - What are the program's general selection criteria for full applications?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What are the program's general selection criteria for full applications? 611.23 Section 611.23 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF POSTSECONDARY EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION TEACHER QUALITY...

  4. 34 CFR 645.31 - What selection criteria does the Secretary use?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 34 Education 3 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false What selection criteria does the Secretary use? 645.31 Section 645.31 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF POSTSECONDARY EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION UPWARD BOUND PROGRAM How Does the Secretary Make a Grant? §...

  5. Verb Selection and Past-Tense Morphology: Crystal's Criteria Revisited

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weiler, Brian

    2013-01-01

    Research findings concerning verb-level influences on past-tense morphology carry implications for the careful selection of treatment targets. Using 6 of the broad criteria for "good verbs to choose" proposed by D. Crystal (1985) more than 25 years ago as a framework, this article summarizes some of the more recent research with a nod…

  6. 34 CFR 642.21 - What selection criteria does the Secretary use?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 34 Education 3 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false What selection criteria does the Secretary use? 642.21 Section 642.21 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF POSTSECONDARY EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION TRAINING PROGRAM FOR FEDERAL TRIO PROGRAMS How Does...

  7. 34 CFR 642.21 - What selection criteria does the Secretary use?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 34 Education 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false What selection criteria does the Secretary use? 642.21 Section 642.21 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF POSTSECONDARY EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION TRAINING PROGRAM FOR FEDERAL TRIO PROGRAMS How Does...

  8. 34 CFR 642.21 - What selection criteria does the Secretary use?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 34 Education 3 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false What selection criteria does the Secretary use? 642.21 Section 642.21 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF POSTSECONDARY EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION TRAINING PROGRAM FOR FEDERAL TRIO PROGRAMS How Does...

  9. 34 CFR 429.31 - What selection criteria does the Secretary use?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... for the project. Cross Reference: See 34 CFR 75.590 (Evaluation by the grantee). (2) The Secretary... 34 Education 3 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false What selection criteria does the Secretary use? 429.31 Section 429.31 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE...

  10. 34 CFR 366.15 - What selection criteria does the Secretary use?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 34 Education 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false What selection criteria does the Secretary use? 366.15 Section 366.15 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF SPECIAL EDUCATION AND REHABILITATIVE SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION CENTERS FOR INDEPENDENT LIVING Training and Technical Assistance §...

  11. 34 CFR 429.31 - What selection criteria does the Secretary use?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... for the project. Cross Reference: See 34 CFR 75.590 (Evaluation by the grantee). (2) The Secretary... 34 Education 3 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false What selection criteria does the Secretary use? 429.31 Section 429.31 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE...

  12. The Predictive Value of Selection Criteria in an Urban Magnet School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lohmeier, Jill Hendrickson; Raad, Jennifer

    2012-01-01

    The predictive value of selection criteria on outcome data from two cohorts of students (Total N = 525) accepted to an urban magnet high school were evaluated. Regression analyses of typical screening variables (suspensions, absences, metropolitan achievement tests, middle school grade point averages [GPAs], Matrix Analogies test scores, and…

  13. 7 CFR 1948.86 - Site development and acquisition grant selection criteria.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 13 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Site development and acquisition grant selection criteria. 1948.86 Section 1948.86 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE, RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, AND FARM SERVICE AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE...

  14. 34 CFR 611.23 - What are the program's general selection criteria for full applications?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... project has an effective, inclusive, and responsive governance and decision-making structure that will... 34 Education 3 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false What are the program's general selection criteria for full applications? 611.23 Section 611.23 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department...

  15. 34 CFR 611.23 - What are the program's general selection criteria for full applications?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... project has an effective, inclusive, and responsive governance and decision-making structure that will... 34 Education 3 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false What are the program's general selection criteria for full applications? 611.23 Section 611.23 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department...

  16. 34 CFR 611.23 - What are the program's general selection criteria for full applications?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... project has an effective, inclusive, and responsive governance and decision-making structure that will... 34 Education 3 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false What are the program's general selection criteria for full applications? 611.23 Section 611.23 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department...

  17. 34 CFR 658.31 - What selection criteria does the Secretary use?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 34 Education 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false What selection criteria does the Secretary use? 658.31 Section 658.31 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF POSTSECONDARY EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION UNDERGRADUATE INTERNATIONAL STUDIES AND FOREIGN LANGUAGE PROGRAM How Does the Secretary Make...

  18. 34 CFR 402.21 - What selection criteria does the Secretary use?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 34 Education 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false What selection criteria does the Secretary use? 402.21 Section 402.21 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF VOCATIONAL AND ADULT EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION NATIVE HAWAIIAN VOCATIONAL EDUCATION PROGRAM How...

  19. 34 CFR 643.21 - What selection criteria does the Secretary use?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 34 Education 3 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false What selection criteria does the Secretary use? 643.21 Section 643.21 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF POSTSECONDARY EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION TALENT SEARCH How Does the Secretary Make a Grant? §...

  20. 34 CFR 606.22 - What are the selection criteria for development grants?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 34 Education 3 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false What are the selection criteria for development grants? 606.22 Section 606.22 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF POSTSECONDARY EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION DEVELOPING HISPANIC-SERVING...

  1. 34 CFR 606.22 - What are the selection criteria for development grants?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 34 Education 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false What are the selection criteria for development grants? 606.22 Section 606.22 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF POSTSECONDARY EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION DEVELOPING HISPANIC-SERVING...

  2. 34 CFR 606.22 - What are the selection criteria for development grants?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 34 Education 3 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false What are the selection criteria for development grants? 606.22 Section 606.22 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF POSTSECONDARY EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION DEVELOPING HISPANIC-SERVING...

  3. 34 CFR 606.22 - What are the selection criteria for development grants?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 34 Education 3 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false What are the selection criteria for development grants? 606.22 Section 606.22 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF POSTSECONDARY EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION DEVELOPING HISPANIC-SERVING...

  4. 78 FR 9815 - Final Priorities, Requirements, Definitions, and Selection Criteria-Supporting Effective Educator...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-12

    ... mathematics teachers; and invest in efforts that increase student achievement by improving teacher and..., definitions, and selection criteria (NPP) for this program in the Federal Register on September 4, 2012 (77 FR... applications from large local educational agencies (LEAs) or LEAs with large numbers of students in...

  5. A Study of the Criteria for Book Selection in Communist China's Public Libraries, 1949 - 1964.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wang, Julia

    It is the purpose of this study to describe the size and scope of book collections in Communist China's public libraries, and to examine the criteria for book selection in these libraries. The chapters cover: (1) the historical background of Chinese Communist public libraries; (2) library organization - including function, objectives, role and the…

  6. 25 CFR 1001.9 - Selection criteria for tribes/consortia seeking advance planning grant funding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR SELF-GOVERNANCE PROGRAM § 1001.9 Selection criteria for tribes/consortia seeking... indicating a desire to plan for tribal self-governance; (2) Audits from the last 3 years which document that the tribe meets the requirement of being free from any material audit exception; (3) A proposal...

  7. 34 CFR 607.22 - What are the selection criteria for development grants?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 34 Education 3 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false What are the selection criteria for development grants? 607.22 Section 607.22 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF POSTSECONDARY EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION STRENGTHENING INSTITUTIONS PROGRAM How Does the Secretary Make an Award? § 607.22...

  8. 49 CFR 450.12 - Criteria for selection of Approval Authorities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 6 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Criteria for selection of Approval Authorities. 450.12 Section 450.12 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY SAFETY APPROVAL OF CARGO CONTAINERS GENERAL Procedure for Delegation to Approval Authorities § 450.12...

  9. GIS Based Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis For Cement Plant Site Selection For Cuddalore District

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chhabra, A.

    2015-12-01

    India's cement industry is a vital part of its economy, providing employment to more than a million people. On the back of growing demands, due to increased construction and infrastructural activities cement market in India is expected to grow at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 8.96 percent during the period 2014-2019. In this study, GIS-based spatial Multi Criteria Decision Analysis (MCDA) is used to determine the optimum and alternative sites to setup a cement plant. This technique contains a set of evaluation criteria which are quantifiable indicators of the extent to which decision objectives are realized. In intersection with available GIS (Geographical Information System) and local ancillary data, the outputs of image analysis serves as input for the multi-criteria decision making system. Moreover, the following steps were performed so as to represent the criteria in GIS layers, which underwent the GIS analysis in order to get several potential sites. Satellite imagery from LANDSAT 8 and ASTER DEM were used for the analysis. Cuddalore District in Tamil Nadu was selected as the study site as limestone mining is already being carried out in that region which meets the criteria of raw material for cement production. Several other criteria considered were land use land cover (LULC) classification (built-up area, river, forest cover, wet land, barren land, harvest land and agriculture land), slope, proximity to road, railway and drainage networks.

  10. IDENTIFYING LUMINOUS ACTIVE GALACTIC NUCLEI IN DEEP SURVEYS: REVISED IRAC SELECTION CRITERIA

    SciTech Connect

    Donley, J. L.; Koekemoer, A. M.; Brusa, M.; Salvato, M.; Capak, P.; Cardamone, C. N.; Civano, F.; Ilbert, O.; Impey, C. D.; Kartaltepe, J. S.; Miyaji, T.; Sanders, D. B.; Trump, J. R.

    2012-04-01

    Spitzer/IRAC selection is a powerful tool for identifying luminous active galactic nuclei (AGNs). For deep IRAC data, however, the AGN selection wedges currently in use are heavily contaminated by star-forming galaxies, especially at high redshift. Using the large samples of luminous AGNs and high-redshift star-forming galaxies in COSMOS, we redefine the AGN selection criteria for use in deep IRAC surveys. The new IRAC criteria are designed to be both highly complete and reliable, and incorporate the best aspects of the current AGN selection wedges and of infrared power-law selection while excluding high-redshift star-forming galaxies selected via the BzK, distant red galaxy, Lyman-break galaxy, and submillimeter galaxy criteria. At QSO luminosities of log L{sub 2-10keV}(erg s{sup -1}) {>=}44, the new IRAC criteria recover 75% of the hard X-ray and IRAC-detected XMM-COSMOS sample, yet only 38% of the IRAC AGN candidates have X-ray counterparts, a fraction that rises to 52% in regions with Chandra exposures of 50-160 ks. X-ray stacking of the individually X-ray non-detected AGN candidates leads to a hard X-ray signal indicative of heavily obscured to mildly Compton-thick obscuration (log N{sub H} (cm{sup -2}) = 23.5 {+-} 0.4). While IRAC selection recovers a substantial fraction of luminous unobscured and obscured AGNs, it is incomplete to low-luminosity and host-dominated AGNs.

  11. Analysis of different feature selection criteria based on a covariance convergence perspective for a SLAM algorithm.

    PubMed

    Auat Cheein, Fernando A; Carelli, Ricardo

    2011-01-01

    This paper introduces several non-arbitrary feature selection techniques for a Simultaneous Localization and Mapping (SLAM) algorithm. The feature selection criteria are based on the determination of the most significant features from a SLAM convergence perspective. The SLAM algorithm implemented in this work is a sequential EKF (Extended Kalman filter) SLAM. The feature selection criteria are applied on the correction stage of the SLAM algorithm, restricting it to correct the SLAM algorithm with the most significant features. This restriction also causes a decrement in the processing time of the SLAM. Several experiments with a mobile robot are shown in this work. The experiments concern the map reconstruction and a comparison between the different proposed techniques performance. The experiments were carried out at an outdoor environment composed by trees, although the results shown herein are not restricted to a special type of features. PMID:22346568

  12. Analysis of Different Feature Selection Criteria Based on a Covariance Convergence Perspective for a SLAM Algorithm

    PubMed Central

    Auat Cheein, Fernando A.; Carelli, Ricardo

    2011-01-01

    This paper introduces several non-arbitrary feature selection techniques for a Simultaneous Localization and Mapping (SLAM) algorithm. The feature selection criteria are based on the determination of the most significant features from a SLAM convergence perspective. The SLAM algorithm implemented in this work is a sequential EKF (Extended Kalman filter) SLAM. The feature selection criteria are applied on the correction stage of the SLAM algorithm, restricting it to correct the SLAM algorithm with the most significant features. This restriction also causes a decrement in the processing time of the SLAM. Several experiments with a mobile robot are shown in this work. The experiments concern the map reconstruction and a comparison between the different proposed techniques performance. The experiments were carried out at an outdoor environment composed by trees, although the results shown herein are not restricted to a special type of features. PMID:22346568

  13. Multi-criteria analysis on how to select solar radiation hydrogen production system

    SciTech Connect

    Badea, G.; Naghiu, G. S. Felseghi, R.-A.; Giurca, I.; Răboacă, S.; Aşchilean, I.

    2015-12-23

    The purpose of this article is to present a method of selecting hydrogen-production systems using the electric power obtained in photovoltaic systems, and as a selecting method, we suggest the use of the Advanced Multi-Criteria Analysis based on the FRISCO formula. According to the case study on how to select the solar radiation hydrogen production system, the most convenient alternative is the alternative A4, namely the technical solution involving a hydrogen production system based on the electrolysis of water vapor obtained with concentrated solar thermal systems and electrical power obtained using concentrating photovoltaic systems.

  14. 21 CFR 70.42 - Criteria for evaluating the safety of color additives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... additives. 70.42 Section 70.42 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN... experiments to determine its safety, the Commissioner will advise a person who wishes to establish the safety of a color additive whether he believes the experiments planned will yield data adequate for...

  15. 21 CFR 70.42 - Criteria for evaluating the safety of color additives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... experiments to determine its safety, the Commissioner will advise a person who wishes to establish the safety of a color additive whether he believes the experiments planned will yield data adequate for...

  16. Site selection criteria for shallow land burial of low-level radioactive waste

    SciTech Connect

    Falconer, K.L.; Hull, L.C.; Mizell, S.A.

    1982-01-01

    Twelve site selection criteria are presented. These are: (1) site shall be of sufficient area and depth to accommodate the projected volume of waste and a three dimensional buffer zone; (2) site should allow waste to be buried either completely above or below the transition zone between the unsaturated and saturated zones; (3) site should be located where flooding will not jeopardize performance; (4) site should be located where erosion will not jeopardize performance; (5) site should be located in areas where hydrogeologic conditions allow reliable performance prediction; (6) site should be located where geologic hazards will not jeopardize performance; (7) site should be selected with considerations given to those characteristics of earth materials and water chemistry that favor increased residence times and/or attenuation of radionuclide concentrations within site boundaries; (8) site should be selected with consideration given to current and projected population distributions; (9) site should be selected with consideration given to current and projected land use and resource development; (10) site should be selected with consideration given to location of waste generation, access to all-weather highway and rail routes, and access utilities; (11) site should be selected consistent with federal laws and regulations; (12) site should not be located within areas that are protected from such use by federal laws and regulations. These criteria are considered preliminary and do not necessarily represent the position of the Department of Energy's Low-Level Waste Management Program.

  17. 7 CFR 170.12 - What are the selection criteria for participation in the USDA Farmers Market?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... the USDA Farmers Market? 170.12 Section 170.12 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of... OF 1946 USDA FARMERS MARKET § 170.12 What are the selection criteria for participation in the USDA Farmers Market? The selection criteria are designed to ensure a consistently high level of quality...

  18. An Analysis of the Selection Criteria for the Eighth Grade Algebra I Accelerated Mathematics Program in Harrison County, West Virginia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schrecongost, Jonette

    This study analyzed the criteria used in Harrison County, WV, to select students to participate in an accelerated mathematics program. The program's main component is an eighth grade Algebra I course that enables the students to complete five years of college preparatory mathematics, ending with calculus. The scores used as selection criteria,…

  19. Guidelines as rationing tools: a qualitative analysis of psychosocial patient selection criteria for cardiac procedures

    PubMed Central

    Giacomini, Mita K.; Cook, Deborah J.; Streiner, David L.; Anand, Sonia S.

    2001-01-01

    Background Cardiac procedure guidelines often include psychosocial criteria for selecting patients that potentially introduce social value judgements into clinical decisions and decisions about the rationing of care. The aim of this study was to investigate the terms and justifications for and the meanings of psychosocial patient characteristics used in cardiac procedure guidelines. Methods We selected English-language guidelines published since 1990 and chapters in textbooks published since 1989. These guidelines amalgamated multiple sources of evidence and expertise and made recommendations regarding patient selection for specific procedures. A multidisciplinary team of physicians and social scientists extracted passages regarding psychosocial criteria and developed categories and conceptual relationships to describe and interpret their content. Results Sixty-five papers met the criteria for inclusion in the study. Forty-five (69%) mentioned psychosocial criteria as procedure indications or contraindications. The latter fell into several categories, including behavioural and psychological issues, relationships with significant others, financial resources, social roles and environmental circumstances. Interpretation Psychosocial characteristics are portrayed as having 2 roles in patient selection: as risk factors intrinsic to the candidate or as indicators of need for special intervention. Guidelines typically simply list psychosocial contraindications without clarifying their specific nature or providing any justification for their use. Psychosocial considerations can help in the evaluation of patients for cardiac procedures, but they become ethically controversial when used to restrict access. The use of psychosocial indications and contraindications could be improved by more precise descriptions of the psychosocial problem at issue, explanations regarding why the criterion matters and justification of the characteristic using a biological rationale or research

  20. Application of risk-based multiple criteria decision analysis for selection of the best agricultural scenario for effective watershed management.

    PubMed

    Javidi Sabbaghian, Reza; Zarghami, Mahdi; Nejadhashemi, A Pouyan; Sharifi, Mohammad Bagher; Herman, Matthew R; Daneshvar, Fariborz

    2016-03-01

    Effective watershed management requires the evaluation of agricultural best management practice (BMP) scenarios which carefully consider the relevant environmental, economic, and social criteria involved. In the Multiple Criteria Decision-Making (MCDM) process, scenarios are first evaluated and then ranked to determine the most desirable outcome for the particular watershed. The main challenge of this process is the accurate identification of the best solution for the watershed in question, despite the various risk attitudes presented by the associated decision-makers (DMs). This paper introduces a novel approach for implementation of the MCDM process based on a comparative neutral risk/risk-based decision analysis, which results in the selection of the most desirable scenario for use in the entire watershed. At the sub-basin level, each scenario includes multiple BMPs with scores that have been calculated using the criteria derived from two cases of neutral risk and risk-based decision-making. The simple additive weighting (SAW) operator is applied for use in neutral risk decision-making, while the ordered weighted averaging (OWA) and induced OWA (IOWA) operators are effective for risk-based decision-making. At the watershed level, the BMP scores of the sub-basins are aggregated to calculate each scenarios' combined goodness measurements; the most desirable scenario for the entire watershed is then selected based on the combined goodness measurements. Our final results illustrate the type of operator and risk attitudes needed to satisfy the relevant criteria within the number of sub-basins, and how they ultimately affect the final ranking of the given scenarios. The methodology proposed here has been successfully applied to the Honeyoey Creek-Pine Creek watershed in Michigan, USA to evaluate various BMP scenarios and determine the best solution for both the stakeholders and the overall stream health.

  1. Criteria for validation and selection of cognitive tests for investigating the effects of foods and nutrients.

    PubMed

    de Jager, Celeste A; Dye, Louise; de Bruin, Eveline A; Butler, Laurie; Fletcher, John; Lamport, Daniel J; Latulippe, Marie E; Spencer, Jeremy P E; Wesnes, Keith

    2014-03-01

    This review is an output of the International Life Sciences Institute (ILSI) Europe Marker Initiative, which aims to identify evidence-based criteria for selecting adequate measures of nutrient effects on health through comprehensive literature review. Experts in cognitive and nutrition sciences examined the applicability of these proposed criteria to the field of cognition with respect to the various cognitive domains usually assessed to reflect brain or neurological function. This review covers cognitive domains important in the assessment of neuronal integrity and function, commonly used tests and their state of validation, and the application of the measures to studies of nutrition and nutritional intervention trials. The aim is to identify domain-specific cognitive tests that are sensitive to nutrient interventions and from which guidance can be provided to aid the application of selection criteria for choosing the most suitable tests for proposed nutritional intervention studies using cognitive outcomes. The material in this review serves as a background and guidance document for nutritionists, neuropsychologists, psychiatrists, and neurologists interested in assessing mental health in terms of cognitive test performance and for scientists intending to test the effects of food or food components on cognitive function. PMID:24697324

  2. A review of selected chemical additives in cosmetic products.

    PubMed

    Juhász, Margit Lai Wun; Marmur, Ellen S

    2014-01-01

    The addition of chemical additives to consumer cosmetic products is a common practice to increase cosmetic effectiveness, maintain cosmetic efficacy, and produce a longer-lasting, more viable product. Recently, manufacturers have come under attack for the addition of chemicals including dioxane, formaldehyde, lead/lead acetate, parabens, and phthalate, as these additives may prove harmful to consumer health. Although reports show that these products may indeed adversely affect human health, these studies are conducted using levels of the aforementioned chemicals at much higher levels of exposure than those found in cosmetic products. When cosmeceuticals are used as per manufacturer's instructions, it is estimated that the levels of harmful additives found in these products are considerably lower than reported toxic concentrations.

  3. Application of ecological criteria in selecting marine reserves and developing reserve networks

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Roberts, Callum M.; Branch, George; Bustamante, Rodrigo H.; Castilla, Juan Carlos; Dugan, Jenifer; Halpern, Benjamin S.; Lafferty, Kevin D.; Leslie, Heather; McArdle, Deborah; Ruckelshaus, Mary; Warner, Robert R.

    2003-01-01

    Marine reserves are being established worldwide in response to a growing recognition of the conservation crisis that is building in the oceans. However, designation of reserves has been largely opportunistic, or protective measures have been implemented (often overlapping and sometimes in conflict) by different entities seeking to achieve different ends. This has created confusion among both users and enforcers, and the proliferation of different measures provides a false sense of protection where little is offered. This paper sets out a procedure grounded in current understanding of ecological processes, that allows the evaluation and selection of reserve sites in order to develop functional, interconnected networks of fully protected reserves that will fulfill multiple objectives. By fully protected we mean permanently closed to fishing and other resource extraction. We provide a framework that unifies the central aims of conservation and fishery management, while also meeting other human needs such as the provision of ecosystem services (e.g., maintenance of coastal water quality, shoreline protection, and recreational opportunities). In our scheme, candidate sites for reserves are evaluated against 12 criteria focused toward sustaining the biological integrity and productivity of marine systems at both local and regional scales. While a limited number of sites will be indispensable in a network, many will be of similar value as reserves, allowing the design of numerous alternative, biologically adequate networks. Devising multiple network designs will help ensure that ecological functionality is preserved throughout the socioeconomic evaluation process. Too often, socioeconomic criteria have dominated the process of reserve selection, potentially undermining their efficacy. We argue that application of biological criteria must precede and inform socioeconomic evaluation, since maintenance of ecosystem functioning is essential for meeting all of the goals for

  4. Efficient Modal Basis Selection Criteria for Reduced-Order Nonlinear Simulation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Przekop, Adam; Rizzi, Stephen A.

    2008-01-01

    A modal basis selection technique for a reduced-order nonlinear numerical simulation with application to two-dimensional structures is presented as a two-step procedure. A system identification analysis is first performed using proper orthogonal decomposition. Using these results, a set of load-invariant bases consisting of the normal modes is next selected. Two criteria for making the basis selection are offered; one using the modal assurance criterion and the other using the modal expansion theorem. The quality of the subsequent reduced-order analyses are examined through comparison with computationally intensive finite element nonlinear simulations in physical degrees-of-freedom. A clamped flat isotropic plate under a random acoustic loading is considered to demonstrate the procedure. It is found that the subject procedure enables formation of an accurate and computationally efficient reduced-order system applicable to a broad range of loading conditions.

  5. Correlation structure and variable selection in generalized estimating equations via composite likelihood information criteria.

    PubMed

    Nikoloulopoulos, Aristidis K

    2016-06-30

    The method of generalized estimating equations (GEE) is popular in the biostatistics literature for analyzing longitudinal binary and count data. It assumes a generalized linear model for the outcome variable, and a working correlation among repeated measurements. In this paper, we introduce a viable competitor: the weighted scores method for generalized linear model margins. We weight the univariate score equations using a working discretized multivariate normal model that is a proper multivariate model. Because the weighted scores method is a parametric method based on likelihood, we propose composite likelihood information criteria as an intermediate step for model selection. The same criteria can be used for both correlation structure and variable selection. Simulations studies and the application example show that our method outperforms other existing model selection methods in GEE. From the example, it can be seen that our methods not only improve on GEE in terms of interpretability and efficiency but also can change the inferential conclusions with respect to GEE. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  6. Selecting for BRCA1 testing using a combination of homogeneous selection criteria and immunohistochemical characteristics of breast cancers

    PubMed Central

    2009-01-01

    Background BRCA1 gene-related tumours are more frequently estrogen receptor (ER) and progesterone receptor (PR) negative with a lower prevalence of human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) overexpression or amplification. We evaluated the effectiveness of a combination of homogeneously selected criteria and immunohistochemical (IHC) characteristics of Familial Breast Cancers (FBCs) in detecting BRCA1 mutation carriers. Methods Primary breast tumours from 93 FBC patients defined by specific eligibility criteria, based on personal and familial tumour history, were evaluated by Allred's method. The BRCA1 molecular analysis, including Multiplex Ligation-dependent Probe Amplification (MLPA), was considered as the gold standard assay. Results A total of 10 BRCA1 pathogenetic mutations was found. With the exclusion of the tumours characterized by double positive receptorial status and/or strong HER2 positivity (3+), we identified 22 patients, 10 of whom resulted as BRCA1 mutation carriers. The sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values were 100%, 83.3%, 45.4% and 100% respectively. Conclusion Our findings suggest that the IHC analysis by Allred's method improves our ability to select patients for BRCA1 testing. PMID:19818148

  7. Emergency water supply: a review of potential technologies and selection criteria.

    PubMed

    Loo, Siew-Leng; Fane, Anthony G; Krantz, William B; Lim, Teik-Thye

    2012-06-15

    Access to safe drinking water is one of the first priorities following a disaster. However, providing drinking water to the affected population (AP) is challenging due to severe contamination and lack of access to infrastructure. An onsite treatment system for the AP is a more sustainable solution than transporting bottled water. Emergency water technologies (WTs) that are modular, mobile or portable are suitable for emergency relief. This paper reviews WTs including membrane technologies that are suitable for use in emergencies. Physical, chemical, thermal- and light-based treatment methods, and membrane technologies driven by different driving forces such as pressure, temperature and osmotic gradients are reviewed. Each WT is evaluated by ten mutually independent criteria: costs, ease of deployment, ease of use, maintenance, performance, potential acceptance, energy requirements, supply chain requirements, throughput and environmental impact. A scoring system based on these criteria is presented. A methodology for emergency WT selection based on compensatory multi-criteria analysis is developed and discussed. Finally, critical research needs are identified.

  8. 49 CFR Appendix C to Part 541 - Criteria for Selecting Light Duty Truck Lines Likely To Have High Theft Rates

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 6 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Criteria for Selecting Light Duty Truck Lines Likely To Have High Theft Rates C Appendix C to Part 541 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to... MOTOR VEHICLE THEFT PREVENTION STANDARD Pt. 541, App. C Appendix C to Part 541—Criteria for...

  9. 49 CFR Appendix C to Part 541 - Criteria for Selecting Light Duty Truck Lines Likely To Have High Theft Rates

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 6 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Criteria for Selecting Light Duty Truck Lines Likely To Have High Theft Rates C Appendix C to Part 541 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to... MOTOR VEHICLE THEFT PREVENTION STANDARD Pt. 541, App. C Appendix C to Part 541—Criteria for...

  10. 49 CFR Appendix C to Part 541 - Criteria for Selecting Light Duty Truck Lines Likely To Have High Theft Rates

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 6 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Criteria for Selecting Light Duty Truck Lines Likely To Have High Theft Rates C Appendix C to Part 541 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to... MOTOR VEHICLE THEFT PREVENTION STANDARD Pt. 541, App. C Appendix C to Part 541—Criteria for...

  11. A Determination of Selected Criteria to be Utilized in Locating and Establishing Area Vocational Education Schools in Utah. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bestor, Rollie Ray

    In order to develop criteria for site selection, this study gathered data from both a review of the literature and a questionnaire survey of state directors of vocational education. Although wide variations in criteria were discovered, five areas of concern were identified: (1) potential enrollment, (2) finances, (3) local support and initiative,…

  12. Criteria for Selection and Rejection of Social Relationships among Children in Urban and Rural Kindergartens in Greece

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rekalidou, Galini; Petrogiannis, Konstantinos

    2012-01-01

    This paper reports on preschool children's social relationships developed in urban and rural kindergarten classes in Greece. We investigated the selection and rejection criteria children use and examined potential criteria differences as a function of a number of socio-demographic variables (children's age group, gender, parental job status,…

  13. Analysis of expanded criteria to select candidates for active surveillance of low-risk prostate cancer

    PubMed Central

    Jo, Jung Ki; Lee, Han Sol; Lee, Young Ik; Lee, Sang Eun; Hong, Sung Kyu

    2015-01-01

    We aimed to analyze the value of each criterion for clinically insignificant prostate cancer (PCa) in the selection of men for active surveillance (AS) of low-risk PCa. We identified 532 men who were treated with radical prostatectomy from 2006 to 2013 who met 4 or all 5 of the criteria for clinically insignificant PCa (clinical stage ≤ T1, prostate specific antigen [PSA] density ≤ 0.15, biopsy Gleason score ≤ 6, number of positive biopsy cores ≤ 2, and no core with > 50% involvement) and analyzed their pathologic and biochemical outcomes. Patients who met all 5 criteria for clinically insignificant PCa were designated as group A (n = 172), and those who met 4 of 5 criteria were designated as group B (n = 360). The association of each criterion with adverse pathologic features was assessed via logistic regression analyses. Comparison of group A and B and also logistic regression analyses showed that PSA density > 0.15 ng ml−1 and high (≥7) biopsy Gleason score were associated with adverse pathologic features. Higher (> T1c) clinical stage was not associated with any adverse pathologic features. Although ≤ 3 positive cores were not associated with any adverse pathology, ≥4 positive cores were associated with higher risk of extracapsular extension. Among potential candidates for AS, PSA density > 0.15 ng ml−1 and biopsy Gleason score > 6 pose significantly higher risks of harboring more aggressive disease. The eligibility criteria for AS may be expanded to include men with clinical stage T2 tumor and 3 positive cores. PMID:25432498

  14. Analysis of expanded criteria to select candidates for active surveillance of low-risk prostate cancer.

    PubMed

    Jo, Jung Ki; Lee, Han Sol; Lee, Young Ik; Lee, Sang Eun; Hong, Sung Kyu

    2015-01-01

    We aimed to analyze the value of each criterion for clinically insignificant prostate cancer (PCa) in the selection of men for active surveillance (AS) of low-risk PCa. We identified 532 men who were treated with radical prostatectomy from 2006 to 2013 who met 4 or all 5 of the criteria for clinically insignificant PCa (clinical stage ≤ T1, prostate specific antigen [PSA] density ≤ 0.15, biopsy Gleason score ≤ 6, number of positive biopsy cores ≤ 2, and no core with > 50% involvement) and analyzed their pathologic and biochemical outcomes. Patients who met all 5 criteria for clinically insignificant PCa were designated as group A (n = 172), and those who met 4 of 5 criteria were designated as group B (n = 360). The association of each criterion with adverse pathologic features was assessed via logistic regression analyses. Comparison of group A and B and also logistic regression analyses showed that PSA density > 0.15 ng ml-1 and high (≥7) biopsy Gleason score were associated with adverse pathologic features. Higher (> T1c) clinical stage was not associated with any adverse pathologic features. Although ≤ 3 positive cores were not associated with any adverse pathology, ≥4 positive cores were associated with higher risk of extracapsular extension. Among potential candidates for AS, PSA density > 0.15 ng ml-1 and biopsy Gleason score > 6 pose significantly higher risks of harboring more aggressive disease. The eligibility criteria for AS may be expanded to include men with clinical stage T2 tumor and 3 positive cores.

  15. Selection criteria in resectable pancreatic cancer: a biological and morphological approach.

    PubMed

    Tamburrino, Domenico; Partelli, Stefano; Crippa, Stefano; Manzoni, Alberto; Maurizi, Angela; Falconi, Massimo

    2014-08-28

    Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDA) remains one of the most aggressive tumors with a low rate of survival. Surgery is the only curative treatment for PDA, although only 20% of patients are resectable at diagnosis. During the last decade there was an improvement in survival in patients affected by PDA, possibly explained by the advances in cancer therapy and by improve patient selection by pancreatic surgeons. It is necessary to select patients not only on the basis of surgical resectability, but also on the basis of the biological nature of the tumor. Specific preoperative criteria can be identified in order to select patients who will benefit from surgical resection. Duration of symptoms and level of carbohydrate antigen 19.9 in resectable disease should be considered to avoid R1 resection and early relapse. Radiological assessment can help surgeons to distinguish resectable disease from borderline resectable disease and locally advanced pancreatic cancer. Better patient selection can increase survival rate and neoadjuvant treatment can help surgeons select patients who will benefit from surgery.

  16. Selection of a Suitable Method for the Preparation of Polymeric Nanoparticles: Multi-Criteria Decision Making Approach

    PubMed Central

    Krishnamoorthy, Kannan; Mahalingam, Manikandan

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: The present study is aimed to select the suitable method for preparation of camptothecin loaded polymeric nanoparticles by utilizing the multi-criteria decision making method. Novel approaches of drug delivery by formulation using nanotechnology are revolutionizing the future of medicine. Recent years have witnessed unprecedented growth of research and application in the area of nanotechnology. Nanoparticles have become an important area of research in the field of drug delivery because they have the ability to deliver a wide range of drug to varying areas of body. Methods: Despite of extensive research and development, polymeric nanoparticles are frequently used to improve the therapeutic effect of drugs. A number of techniques are available for the preparation of polymeric nanoparticles. The Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) is a method for decision making, which are derived from individual judgements for qualitative factors, using the pair-wise comparison matrix. In AHP, a decision hierarchy is constructed with a goal, criteria and alternatives. Results: The model uses three main criteria 1) Instrument, 2) Process and Output and 3) Cost. In addition, there are eight sub-criteria’s as well as eight alternatives. Pair-wise comparison matrixes are used to obtain the overall priority weight and ranking for the selection of suitable method. Nanoprecipitation technique is the most suitable method for the preparation of camptothecin loaded polymeric nanoparticles with the highest overall priority weight of 0.297 Conclusion: In particular, the result indicates that the priority weights obtained from AHP could be defined as a multiple output for finding out the most suitable method for preparation of camptothecin loaded polymeric nanoparticles. PMID:25789220

  17. The Problem of Multiple Criteria Selection of the Surface Mining Haul Trucks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bodziony, Przemysław; Kasztelewicz, Zbigniew; Sawicki, Piotr

    2016-06-01

    Vehicle transport is a dominant type of technological processes in rock mines, and its profit ability is strictly dependent on overall cost of its exploitation, especially on diesel oil consumption. Thus, a rational design of transportation system based on haul trucks should result from thorough analysis of technical and economic issues, including both cost of purchase and its further exploitation, having a crucial impact on the cost of minerals extraction. Moreover, off-highway trucks should be selected with respect to all specific exploitation conditions and even the user's preferences and experience. In this paper a development of universal family of evaluation criteria as well as application of evaluation method for haul truck selection process for a specific exploitation conditions in surface mining have been carried out. The methodology presented in the paper is based on the principles of multiple criteria decision aiding (MCDA) using one of the ranking method, i.e. ELECTRE III. The applied methodology has been allowed for ranking of alternative solution (variants), on the considered set of haul trucks. The result of the research is a universal methodology, and it consequently may be applied in other surface mines with similar exploitation parametres.

  18. An improved hybrid multi-criteria/multidimensional model for strategic industrial location selection: Casablanca industrial zones as a case study.

    PubMed

    Boutkhoum, Omar; Hanine, Mohamed; Agouti, Tarik; Tikniouine, Abdessadek

    2015-01-01

    In this paper, we examine the issue of strategic industrial location selection in uncertain decision making environments for implanting new industrial corporation. In fact, the industrial location issue is typically considered as a crucial factor in business research field which is related to many calculations about natural resources, distributors, suppliers, customers, and most other things. Based on the integration of environmental, economic and social decisive elements of sustainable development, this paper presents a hybrid decision making model combining fuzzy multi-criteria analysis with analytical capabilities that OLAP systems can provide for successful and optimal industrial location selection. The proposed model mainly consists in three stages. In the first stage, a decision-making committee has been established to identify the evaluation criteria impacting the location selection process. In the second stage, we develop fuzzy AHP software based on the extent analysis method to assign the importance weights to the selected criteria, which allows us to model the linguistic vagueness, ambiguity, and incomplete knowledge. In the last stage, OLAP analysis integrated with multi-criteria analysis employs these weighted criteria as inputs to evaluate, rank and select the strategic industrial location for implanting new business corporation in the region of Casablanca, Morocco. Finally, a sensitivity analysis is performed to evaluate the impact of criteria weights and the preferences given by decision makers on the final rankings of strategic industrial locations.

  19. An improved hybrid multi-criteria/multidimensional model for strategic industrial location selection: Casablanca industrial zones as a case study.

    PubMed

    Boutkhoum, Omar; Hanine, Mohamed; Agouti, Tarik; Tikniouine, Abdessadek

    2015-01-01

    In this paper, we examine the issue of strategic industrial location selection in uncertain decision making environments for implanting new industrial corporation. In fact, the industrial location issue is typically considered as a crucial factor in business research field which is related to many calculations about natural resources, distributors, suppliers, customers, and most other things. Based on the integration of environmental, economic and social decisive elements of sustainable development, this paper presents a hybrid decision making model combining fuzzy multi-criteria analysis with analytical capabilities that OLAP systems can provide for successful and optimal industrial location selection. The proposed model mainly consists in three stages. In the first stage, a decision-making committee has been established to identify the evaluation criteria impacting the location selection process. In the second stage, we develop fuzzy AHP software based on the extent analysis method to assign the importance weights to the selected criteria, which allows us to model the linguistic vagueness, ambiguity, and incomplete knowledge. In the last stage, OLAP analysis integrated with multi-criteria analysis employs these weighted criteria as inputs to evaluate, rank and select the strategic industrial location for implanting new business corporation in the region of Casablanca, Morocco. Finally, a sensitivity analysis is performed to evaluate the impact of criteria weights and the preferences given by decision makers on the final rankings of strategic industrial locations. PMID:26558162

  20. Selecting essential information for biosurveillance--a multi-criteria decision analysis.

    PubMed

    Generous, Nicholas; Margevicius, Kristen J; Taylor-McCabe, Kirsten J; Brown, Mac; Daniel, W Brent; Castro, Lauren; Hengartner, Andrea; Deshpande, Alina

    2014-01-01

    The National Strategy for Biosurveillance defines biosurveillance as "the process of gathering, integrating, interpreting, and communicating essential information related to all-hazards threats or disease activity affecting human, animal, or plant health to achieve early detection and warning, contribute to overall situational awareness of the health aspects of an incident, and to enable better decision-making at all levels." However, the strategy does not specify how "essential information" is to be identified and integrated into the current biosurveillance enterprise, or what the metrics qualify information as being "essential". The question of data stream identification and selection requires a structured methodology that can systematically evaluate the tradeoffs between the many criteria that need to be taken in account. Multi-Attribute Utility Theory, a type of multi-criteria decision analysis, can provide a well-defined, structured approach that can offer solutions to this problem. While the use of Multi-Attribute Utility Theoryas a practical method to apply formal scientific decision theoretical approaches to complex, multi-criteria problems has been demonstrated in a variety of fields, this method has never been applied to decision support in biosurveillance.We have developed a formalized decision support analytic framework that can facilitate identification of "essential information" for use in biosurveillance systems or processes and we offer this framework to the global BSV community as a tool for optimizing the BSV enterprise. To demonstrate utility, we applied the framework to the problem of evaluating data streams for use in an integrated global infectious disease surveillance system.

  1. Selecting Essential Information for Biosurveillance—A Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis

    PubMed Central

    Generous, Nicholas; Margevicius, Kristen J.; Taylor-McCabe, Kirsten J.; Brown, Mac; Daniel, W. Brent; Castro, Lauren; Hengartner, Andrea; Deshpande, Alina

    2014-01-01

    The National Strategy for Biosurveillancedefines biosurveillance as “the process of gathering, integrating, interpreting, and communicating essential information related to all-hazards threats or disease activity affecting human, animal, or plant health to achieve early detection and warning, contribute to overall situational awareness of the health aspects of an incident, and to enable better decision-making at all levels.” However, the strategy does not specify how “essential information” is to be identified and integrated into the current biosurveillance enterprise, or what the metrics qualify information as being “essential”. Thequestion of data stream identification and selection requires a structured methodology that can systematically evaluate the tradeoffs between the many criteria that need to be taken in account. Multi-Attribute Utility Theory, a type of multi-criteria decision analysis, can provide a well-defined, structured approach that can offer solutions to this problem. While the use of Multi-Attribute Utility Theoryas a practical method to apply formal scientific decision theoretical approaches to complex, multi-criteria problems has been demonstrated in a variety of fields, this method has never been applied to decision support in biosurveillance.We have developed a formalized decision support analytic framework that can facilitate identification of “essential information” for use in biosurveillance systems or processes and we offer this framework to the global BSV community as a tool for optimizing the BSV enterprise. To demonstrate utility, we applied the framework to the problem of evaluating data streams for use in an integrated global infectious disease surveillance system. PMID:24489748

  2. Model Selection Criteria for Missing-Data Problems Using the EM Algorithm

    PubMed Central

    Ibrahim, Joseph G.; Zhu, Hongtu; Tang, Niansheng

    2009-01-01

    We consider novel methods for the computation of model selection criteria in missing-data problems based on the output of the EM algorithm. The methodology is very general and can be applied to numerous situations involving incomplete data within an EM framework, from covariates missing at random in arbitrary regression models to nonignorably missing longitudinal responses and/or covariates. Toward this goal, we develop a class of information criteria for missing-data problems, called ICH,Q, which yields the Akaike information criterion and the Bayesian information criterion as special cases. The computation of ICH,Q requires an analytic approximation to a complicated function, called the H-function, along with output from the EM algorithm used in obtaining maximum likelihood estimates. The approximation to the H-function leads to a large class of information criteria, called ICH̃(k),Q. Theoretical properties of ICH̃(k),Q, including consistency, are investigated in detail. To eliminate the analytic approximation to the H-function, a computationally simpler approximation to ICH,Q, called ICQ, is proposed, the computation of which depends solely on the Q-function of the EM algorithm. Advantages and disadvantages of ICH̃(k),Q and ICQ are discussed and examined in detail in the context of missing-data problems. Extensive simulations are given to demonstrate the methodology and examine the small-sample and large-sample performance of ICH̃(k),Q and ICQ in missing-data problems. An AIDS data set also is presented to illustrate the proposed methodology. PMID:19693282

  3. Reactor options for disposition of excess weapon plutonium: Selection criteria and decision process for assessment

    SciTech Connect

    Edmunds, T.; Buonpane, L.; Sicherman, A.; Sutcliffe, W.; Walter, C.; Holman, G.

    1994-01-01

    DOE is currently considering a wide range of alternatives for disposition of excess weapon plutonium, including using plutonium in mixed oxide fuel for light water reactors (LWRs). Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) has been tasked to assist DOE in its efforts to develop a decision process and criteria for evaluating the technologies and reactor designs that have been proposed for the fission disposition alternative. This report outlines an approach for establishing such a decision process and selection criteria. The approach includes the capability to address multiple, sometimes conflicting, objectives, and to incorporate the impact of uncertainty. The approach has a firm theoretical foundation and similar approaches have been used successfully by private industry, DOE, and other government agencies to support and document complex, high impact technology choice decisions. Because of their similarity and relatively simple technology, this report focuses on three light water reactors studied in Phase 1 of the DOE Plutonium Disposition Study. The decision process can be extended to allow evaluation of other reactor technologies and disposition options such as direct disposal and retrievable storage.

  4. Selecting islands and shoals for conservation based on biological and aesthetic criteria

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Knutson, M.G.; Leopold, D.J.; Smardon, R.C.

    1993-01-01

    Consideration of biological quality has long been an important component of rating areas for conservation. Often these same areas are highly valued by people for aesthetic reasons, creating demands for housing and recreation that may conflict with protection plans for these habitats. Most methods of selecting land for conservation purposes use biological factors alone. For some land areas, analysis of aesthetic qualities is also important in describing the scenic value of undisturbed land. A method for prioritizing small islands and shoals based on both biological and visual quality factors is presented here. The study included 169 undeveloped islands and shoals a??0.8 ha in the Thousand Islands Region of the St. Lawrence River, New York. Criteria such as critical habitat for uncommon plant and animal species were considered together with visual quality and incorporated into a rating system that ranked the islands and shoals according to their priority for conservation management and protection from development. Biological factors were determined based on previous research and a field survey. Visual quality was determined by visual diagnostic criteria developed from public responses to photographs of a sample of islands. Variables such as elevation, soil depth, and type of plant community can be used to classify islands into different categories of visual quality but are unsuccessful in classifying islands into categories of overall biological quality.

  5. Habitat suitability criteria via parametric distributions: estimation, model selection and uncertainty

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Som, Nicholas A.; Goodman, Damon H.; Perry, Russell W.; Hardy, Thomas B.

    2016-01-01

    Previous methods for constructing univariate habitat suitability criteria (HSC) curves have ranged from professional judgement to kernel-smoothed density functions or combinations thereof. We present a new method of generating HSC curves that applies probability density functions as the mathematical representation of the curves. Compared with previous approaches, benefits of our method include (1) estimation of probability density function parameters directly from raw data, (2) quantitative methods for selecting among several candidate probability density functions, and (3) concise methods for expressing estimation uncertainty in the HSC curves. We demonstrate our method with a thorough example using data collected on the depth of water used by juvenile Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tschawytscha) in the Klamath River of northern California and southern Oregon. All R code needed to implement our example is provided in the appendix. Published 2015. This article is a U.S. Government work and is in the public domain in the USA.

  6. Microbiota of table olive fermentations and criteria of selection for their use as starters

    PubMed Central

    Heperkan, Dilek

    2013-01-01

    Fermentation is one of the oldest methods for preserving of olives applied worldwide for thousands of years. However, olive processing is a speculative area where whether olives are fermented products or pickled products produced by organic acids and salt. Although lactobacilli and yeasts play a major role in the process, literature survey indicates that lactobacilli are less relevant at least in some types of natural green olives during fermentation. There have been significant advances recently in understanding the process to produce olives, especially the role of lactic acid bacteria and yeasts including biofilm formation on olive surfaces by these organisms. The purpose of this paper is to review the latest developments regarding the microbiota of olives on the basis of olive types, their role on the fermentation process, the interaction between both group of microorganisms and the olive surface, the possibility to use starter cultures and the criteria to select appropriate cultures. PMID:23781216

  7. Many-Facet Rasch Model Selection Criteria: Examining Residuals and More.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schumacker, Randall E.

    This research examined the significance of facet selection in a multi-facet Rasch model analysis. The residuals or remaining error in a multi-facet Rasch model were further studied in the context of a full and reduced data-to-model fit chi-square, given the specific design. In addition, main effect facet contributions to person measures and the…

  8. A new spatial multi-criteria decision support tool for site selection for implementation of managed aquifer recharge.

    PubMed

    Rahman, M Azizur; Rusteberg, Bernd; Gogu, R C; Lobo Ferreira, J P; Sauter, Martin

    2012-05-30

    This study reports the development of a new spatial multi-criteria decision analysis (SMCDA) software tool for selecting suitable sites for Managed Aquifer Recharge (MAR) systems. The new SMCDA software tool functions based on the combination of existing multi-criteria evaluation methods with modern decision analysis techniques. More specifically, non-compensatory screening, criteria standardization and weighting, and Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) have been combined with Weighted Linear Combination (WLC) and Ordered Weighted Averaging (OWA). This SMCDA tool may be implemented with a wide range of decision maker's preferences. The tool's user-friendly interface helps guide the decision maker through the sequential steps for site selection, those steps namely being constraint mapping, criteria hierarchy, criteria standardization and weighting, and criteria overlay. The tool offers some predetermined default criteria and standard methods to increase the trade-off between ease-of-use and efficiency. Integrated into ArcGIS, the tool has the advantage of using GIS tools for spatial analysis, and herein data may be processed and displayed. The tool is non-site specific, adaptive, and comprehensive, and may be applied to any type of site-selection problem. For demonstrating the robustness of the new tool, a case study was planned and executed at Algarve Region, Portugal. The efficiency of the SMCDA tool in the decision making process for selecting suitable sites for MAR was also demonstrated. Specific aspects of the tool such as built-in default criteria, explicit decision steps, and flexibility in choosing different options were key features, which benefited the study. The new SMCDA tool can be augmented by groundwater flow and transport modeling so as to achieve a more comprehensive approach to the selection process for the best locations of the MAR infiltration basins, as well as the locations of recovery wells and areas of groundwater protection. The new spatial

  9. Early Site Permit Demonstration Program: Siting Guide, Site selection and evaluation criteria for an early site permit application. Revision 1

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1993-03-24

    In August 1991, the Joint Contractors came to agreement with Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) and the Department of Energy (DOE) on a workscope for the cost-shared Early Site Permit Demonstration Program. One task within the scope was the development of a guide for site selection criteria and procedures. A generic Siting Guide his been prepared that is a roadmap and tool for applicants to use developing detailed siting plans for their specific region of the country. The guide presents three fundamental principles that, if used, ensure a high degree of success for an ESP applicant. First, the site selection process should take into consideration environmentally diverse site locations within a given region of interest. Second, the process should contain appropriate opportunities for input from the public. Third, the process should be applied so that it is clearly reasonable to an impartial observer, based on appropriately selected criteria, including criteria which demonstrate that the site can host an advanced light water reactor (ALWR). The Siting Guide provides for a systematic, comprehensive site selection process in which three basic types of criteria (exclusionary, avoidance, and suitability) are presented via a four-step procedure. It provides a check list of the criteria for each one of these steps. Criteria are applied qualitatively, as well as presented numerically, within the guide. The applicant should use the generic guide as an exhaustive checklist, customizing the guide to his individual situation.

  10. Pancreatoduodenectomy for chronic pancreatitis: anatomic selection criteria and subsequent long-term outcome analysis.

    PubMed Central

    Traverso, L W; Kozarek, R A

    1997-01-01

    present. Total pancreatectomy was associated with peptic ulceration. CONCLUSIONS: Using selection criteria, the outcome analysis standardized anatomic and clinical variables as to how they were associated with the outcome events (calibrated the effects of the operation with each variable). In these selected patients, PD is safe and significantly relieves pain. Sequelae are from diabetes, provided total pancreatectomy is avoided. PMID:9351711

  11. 40 CFR 89.510 - Compliance with acceptable quality level and passing and failing criteria for selective...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... level and passing and failing criteria for selective enforcement audits. 89.510 Section 89.510 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) CONTROL OF EMISSIONS FROM NEW AND IN-USE NONROAD COMPRESSION-IGNITION ENGINES Selective Enforcement Auditing §...

  12. 40 CFR 91.608 - Compliance with acceptable quality level and passing and failing criteria for selective...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... level and passing and failing criteria for selective enforcement audits. 91.608 Section 91.608 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) CONTROL OF EMISSIONS FROM MARINE SPARK-IGNITION ENGINES Selective Enforcement Auditing Regulations § 91.608...

  13. 40 CFR 91.608 - Compliance with acceptable quality level and passing and failing criteria for selective...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... level and passing and failing criteria for selective enforcement audits. 91.608 Section 91.608 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) CONTROL OF EMISSIONS FROM MARINE SPARK-IGNITION ENGINES Selective Enforcement Auditing Regulations § 91.608...

  14. 40 CFR 89.510 - Compliance with acceptable quality level and passing and failing criteria for selective...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... level and passing and failing criteria for selective enforcement audits. 89.510 Section 89.510 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) CONTROL OF EMISSIONS FROM NEW AND IN-USE NONROAD COMPRESSION-IGNITION ENGINES Selective Enforcement Auditing §...

  15. 34 CFR 657.21 - What criteria does the Secretary use in selecting institutions for an allocation of fellowships?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... institutions for an allocation of fellowships? 657.21 Section 657.21 Education Regulations of the Offices of... FOREIGN LANGUAGE AND AREA STUDIES FELLOWSHIPS PROGRAM How Does the Secretary Select an Institution for an Allocation of Fellowships? § 657.21 What criteria does the Secretary use in selecting institutions for...

  16. 34 CFR 657.21 - What criteria does the Secretary use in selecting institutions for an allocation of fellowships?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... institutions for an allocation of fellowships? 657.21 Section 657.21 Education Regulations of the Offices of... FOREIGN LANGUAGE AND AREA STUDIES FELLOWSHIPS PROGRAM How Does the Secretary Select an Institution for an Allocation of Fellowships? § 657.21 What criteria does the Secretary use in selecting institutions for...

  17. 34 CFR 657.21 - What criteria does the Secretary use in selecting institutions for an allocation of fellowships?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... institutions for an allocation of fellowships? 657.21 Section 657.21 Education Regulations of the Offices of... FOREIGN LANGUAGE AND AREA STUDIES FELLOWSHIPS PROGRAM How Does the Secretary Select an Institution for an Allocation of Fellowships? § 657.21 What criteria does the Secretary use in selecting institutions for...

  18. 34 CFR 657.21 - What criteria does the Secretary use in selecting institutions for an allocation of fellowships?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... institutions for an allocation of fellowships? 657.21 Section 657.21 Education Regulations of the Offices of... FOREIGN LANGUAGE AND AREA STUDIES FELLOWSHIPS PROGRAM How Does the Secretary Select an Institution for an Allocation of Fellowships? § 657.21 What criteria does the Secretary use in selecting institutions for...

  19. Multi-criteria site selection for fire services: the interaction with analytic hierarchy process and geographic information systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Erden, T.; Coşkun, M. Z.

    2010-10-01

    This study combines AHP and GIS to provide decision makers with a model to ensure optimal site location(s) for fire stations selected. The roles of AHP and GIS in determining optimal locations are explained, criteria for site selection are outlined, and case study results for finding the optimal fire station locations in Istanbul, Turkey are included. The city of Istanbul has about 13 million residents and is the largest and most populated city in Turkey. The rapid and constant growth of Istanbul has resulted in the increased number of fire related cases. Fire incidents tend to increase year by year in parallel with city expansion, population and hazardous material facilities. Istanbul has seen a rise in reported fire incidents from 12 769 in 1994 to 30 089 in 2009 according to the interim report of Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality Department of Fire Brigade. The average response time was approximately 7 min 3 s in 2009. The goal of this study is to propose optimal sites for new fire station creation to allow the Fire Brigade in Istanbul to reduce the average response time to 5 min or less. After determining the necessity of suggesting additional fire stations, the following steps are taken into account: six criteria are considered in this analysis. They are: High Population Density (HPD); Proximity to Main Roads (PMR); Distance from Existing Fire Stations (DEF); Distance from Hazardous Material Facilities (DHM); Wooden Building Density (WBD); and Distance from the Areas Subjected to Earthquake Risk (DER). DHM criterion, with the weight of 40%, is the most important criterion in this analysis. The remaining criteria have a weight range from 9% to 16%. Moreover, the following steps are performed: representation of criterion map layers in GIS environment; classification of raster datasets; calculating the result raster map (suitability map for potential fire stations); and offering a model that supports decision makers in selecting fire station sites. The existing

  20. Additives

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Smalheer, C. V.

    1973-01-01

    The chemistry of lubricant additives is discussed to show what the additives are chemically and what functions they perform in the lubrication of various kinds of equipment. Current theories regarding the mode of action of lubricant additives are presented. The additive groups discussed include the following: (1) detergents and dispersants, (2) corrosion inhibitors, (3) antioxidants, (4) viscosity index improvers, (5) pour point depressants, and (6) antifouling agents.

  1. Selection of MSW landfill site for Konya, Turkey using GIS and multi-criteria evaluation.

    PubMed

    Nas, Bilgehan; Cay, Tayfun; Iscan, Fatih; Berktay, Ali

    2010-01-01

    Landfill is a common solution for the final disposal of municipal solid waste (MSW) in Turkey. Landfill siting is an extremely difficult task to accomplish because the site selection process depends on different factors and regulations. To ensure that an appropriate site is chosen, a systematic process should be developed and followed. Unsuccessful landfill siting is typically the result of strong public opposition. In this study, candidate sites for an appropriate landfill area in Cumra County of Konya City are determined by using the integration of geographic information systems (GIS) and multi-criteria evaluation (MCE). ArcGIS 9.0 software and its extensions were used as the GIS tool since it is able to perform suitability analysis using MCE analysis. To identify appropriate landfill areas in the Cumra district, eight input map layers including proximity to municipal and local wells and irrigational canals, distance from transportation routes and rails, distance from archaeological sites, distance from urban areas, land use/land cover, and land slope are used in constraint mapping. A final map was generated which identifies regions showing suitability for the location of the landfill site. According to the map, 6.8% of the study area is most suitable, 15.7% is suitable, 10.4% is moderately suitable, 25.8% is poorly suitable, and 41.3% is unsuitable. At the end of the analyses, three candidate sites are determined. The selection of the final MSW landfill site, however, requires further field research. PMID:19169836

  2. Multi-Criteria Knapsack Problem for Disease Selection in an Observation Ward

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lurkittikul, N.; Kittithreerapronchai, O.

    2014-06-01

    The aging population and the introduction of Thailand universal healthcare have increased inpatients and outpatients to public hospitals, particularly to a hospital that provides special and comprehensive health services. Many inpatient wards have experienced large influx of inpatients as the hospitals have to admit all patients regardless their conditions. These overcrowding wards cause stress to medical staffs, block access between medical departments, hospital-acquired infections, and ineffective uses of resources. One way to manage such inundated inpatient is to select some patients whose conditions require less clinical attention or whose lengths of stay are predictable and short and, then, place them at an observation ward. This intermediate ward increases turnover of beds and reduces unnecessary paperwork as patients are considered to be outpatients. In this article, we studied inpatient data of a tertiary care hospital in which an observation ward was considered to alleviate the overcrowding problem at Internal Medicine Department. The analysis of data showed that the hospital can balance inpatient flow by managing a group of patients who is admitted because of treatments ordered by its special clinics. Having explored several alternatives, we suggested patient selection criteria and proposed a layout at an observation ward. The hospital should increase medical beds in a new building ward because the current observation ward can handle 27.3% of total short stay patients, while the observation ward is projected to handle 80% of total short stay patients.

  3. 10 CFR 60.132 - Additional design criteria for surface facilities in the geologic repository operations area.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...) DISPOSAL OF HIGH-LEVEL RADIOACTIVE WASTES IN GEOLOGIC REPOSITORIES Technical Criteria Design Criteria for... periodically tested. (d) Waste treatment. Radioactive waste treatment facilities shall be designed to process any radioactive wastes generated at the geologic repository operations area into a form suitable...

  4. 10 CFR 60.132 - Additional design criteria for surface facilities in the geologic repository operations area.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...) DISPOSAL OF HIGH-LEVEL RADIOACTIVE WASTES IN GEOLOGIC REPOSITORIES Technical Criteria Design Criteria for... periodically tested. (d) Waste treatment. Radioactive waste treatment facilities shall be designed to process any radioactive wastes generated at the geologic repository operations area into a form suitable...

  5. 10 CFR 60.132 - Additional design criteria for surface facilities in the geologic repository operations area.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...) DISPOSAL OF HIGH-LEVEL RADIOACTIVE WASTES IN GEOLOGIC REPOSITORIES Technical Criteria Design Criteria for... periodically tested. (d) Waste treatment. Radioactive waste treatment facilities shall be designed to process any radioactive wastes generated at the geologic repository operations area into a form suitable...

  6. 10 CFR 60.132 - Additional design criteria for surface facilities in the geologic repository operations area.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...) DISPOSAL OF HIGH-LEVEL RADIOACTIVE WASTES IN GEOLOGIC REPOSITORIES Technical Criteria Design Criteria for... periodically tested. (d) Waste treatment. Radioactive waste treatment facilities shall be designed to process any radioactive wastes generated at the geologic repository operations area into a form suitable...

  7. Relationships between gifted selection criteria and performance in sixth-grade gifted science

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Miller, Roxanne Greitz

    This study examined the relationships between gifted selection criteria used in the Dade County Public Schools of Miami, Florida and performance in sixth grade gifted science classes. The goal of the study was to identify significant predictors of performance in sixth grade gifted science classes. Group comparisons of performance were also made. Performance in sixth grade gifted science was defined as the numeric average of nine weeks' grades earned in sixth grade gifted science classes. The sample consisted of 100 subjects who were formerly enrolled in sixth grade gifted science classes over two years at a large, multiethnic public middle school in Dade County. The predictors analyzed were I.Q. score (all scales combined), full scale I.Q. score, verbal scale I.Q. score, performance scale I.Q. score, combined Stanford Achievement Test (SAT) score (Reading Comprehension plus Math Applications), SAT Reading Comprehension score, and SAT Math Applications score. Combined SAT score and SAT Math Applications score were significantly positively correlated to performance in sixth grade gifted science. Performance scale I.Q. score was significantly negatively correlated to performance in sixth grade gifted science. The other predictors examined were not significantly correlated to performance. Group comparison results showed the mean average of nine weeks grades for the full scale I.Q. group was greater than the verbal and performance scale I.Q. groups. Females outperformed males to a highly significant level. Mean g.p.a. for ethnic groups was greatest for Asian students, followed by white non-Hispanic, Hispanic, and black. Students not receiving a lunch subsidy outperformed those receiving subsidies. Comparisons of performance based on gifted qualification plan showed the mean g.p.a. for traditional plan and Plan B groups were not different. Mean g.p.a. for students who qualified for gifted using automatic Math Applications criteria was highest, followed by automatic

  8. EEG signals classification of epileptic patients via feature selection and voting criteria in intelligent method.

    PubMed

    Ghaffari, Ali; Ebrahimi Orimi, H

    2014-04-01

    Epileptic disease can be diagnosed by using intelligent methods on the Electroencephalograph (EEG) signals. In this paper, wavelet packet transform (WPT) was used in each of the frequency bands and wavelet coefficients were obtained, then the energy and entropy function was done on the wavelet coefficients and used as initial feature vectors. In the next step, eight and 15 features from 30 initial energy and entropy features were selected as the final features because their receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve areas were higher than others. There were seven classifier inputs. These seven classifiers consisted of four artificial neural networks (ANN) with different structures, support vector machines (SVM), K-nearest neighbours (KNN) and a hybrid network. Each classifier was trained by 0.5, 0.8 and 0.9 EEG signals. After the training process, a fusion network based on a voting criteria was used to make the algorithm robust against the possible changes in each classifier and increase the classification accuracy. Finally, the algorithm was tested by other EEG signals. As a result, normal and epileptic classes were detected with total classification accuracy of 99-100%.

  9. Booster Main Engine Selection Criteria for the Liquid Fly-Back Booster

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ryan, Richard M.; Rothschild, William J.; Christensen, David L.

    1998-01-01

    The Liquid Fly-Back Booster (LFBB) Program seeks to enhance the Space Shuttle system safety performance and economy of operations through the use of an advanced, liquid propellant Booster Main Engine (BME). There are several viable BME candidates that could be suitable for this application. The objective of this study was to identify the key criteria to be applied in selecting among these BME candidates. This study involved an assessment of influences on the overall LFBB utility due to variations in the candidate rocket engines' characteristics. This includes BME impacts on vehicle system weight, perfortnance,design approaches, abort modes, margins of safety, engine-out operations, and maintenance and support concepts. Systems engineering analyses and trade studies were performed to identify the LFBB system level sensitivities to a wide variety of BME related parameters. This presentation summarizes these trade studies and the resulting findings of the LFBB design teams regarding the BME characteristics that most significantly affect the LFBB system. The resulting BME choice should offer the best combination of reliability, performance, reusability, robustness, cost, and risk for the LFBB program.

  10. Booster Main Engine Selection Criteria for the Liquid Fly-Back Booster

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ryan, Richard M.; Rothschild, William J.; Christensen, David L.

    1998-01-01

    The Liquid Fly-Back Booster (LFBB) Program seeks to enhance the Space Shuttle system safety, performance and economy of operations through the use of an advanced, liquid propellant Booster Main Engine (BME). There are several viable BME candidates that could be suitable for this application. The objective of this study was to identify the key Criteria to be applied in selecting among these BME candidates. This study involved an assessment of influences on the overall LFBB utility due to variations in the candidate rocket-engines characteristics. This includes BME impacts on vehicle system weight, performance, design approaches, abort modes, margins of safety, engine-out operations, and maintenance and support concepts. Systems engineering analyses and trade studies were performed to identify the LFBB system level sensitivities to a wide variety of BME related parameters. This presentation summarizes these trade studies and the resulting findings of the LFBB design teams regarding the BME characteristics that most significantly affect the LFBB system. The resulting BME choice should offer the best combination of reliability, performance, reusability, robustness, cost, and risk for the LFBB program.

  11. A heuristic approach using multiple criteria for environmentally benign 3PLs selection

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kongar, Elif

    2005-11-01

    Maintaining competitiveness in an environment where price and quality differences between competing products are disappearing depends on the company's ability to reduce costs and supply time. Timely responses to rapidly changing market conditions require an efficient Supply Chain Management (SCM). Outsourcing logistics to third-party logistics service providers (3PLs) is one commonly used way of increasing the efficiency of logistics operations, while creating a more "core competency focused" business environment. However, this alone may not be sufficient. Due to recent environmental regulations and growing public awareness regarding environmental issues, 3PLs need to be not only efficient but also environmentally benign to maintain companies' competitiveness. Even though an efficient and environmentally benign combination of 3PLs can theoretically be obtained using exhaustive search algorithms, heuristics approaches to the selection process may be superior in terms of the computational complexity. In this paper, a hybrid approach that combines a multiple criteria Genetic Algorithm (GA) with Linear Physical Weighting Algorithm (LPPW) to be used in efficient and environmentally benign 3PLs is proposed. A numerical example is also provided to illustrate the method and the analyses.

  12. 34 CFR 425.21 - What selection criteria does the Secretary use?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Secretary for review by the Department's Program Effectiveness Panel as defined in 34 CFR 400.4(b). (e... qualifications of key personnel that pertain to the quality of the project. (g) Budget and cost effectiveness... criteria does the Secretary use? The Secretary uses the following criteria to evaluate an application:...

  13. University of California Criteria and Standards for New Campus Location and Site Selection.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bechtel Corp., San Francisco, CA.

    Changes in California public higher education policy by the legislature in 1960 and the Regents of the University of California in 1966 are incorporated in new criteria for the establishment of new campuses. Criteria are based upon three methods of grouping campus facilities: high, medium, and low density. All new campuses are to be general…

  14. 7 CFR 1948.86 - Site development and acquisition grant selection criteria.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Acquisition Policies Act of 1970) have been met. (b) Competitive criteria. The following criteria will be... in the State Investment Strategy for Energy Impacted Areas; (2) The increase in the number of new... for in the State Investment Strategy for Energy Impacted Areas in relation to available...

  15. 34 CFR 413.22 - What selection criteria does the Secretary use to evaluate an application proposing dissemination...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What selection criteria does the Secretary use to evaluate an application proposing dissemination and training activities? 413.22 Section 413.22 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF VOCATIONAL AND ADULT...

  16. 30 CFR 560.130 - What criteria does BOEM use for selecting bidding systems and bidding system components?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false What criteria does BOEM use for selecting bidding systems and bidding system components? 560.130 Section 560.130 Mineral Resources BUREAU OF OCEAN... exploration, development, and production; (f) Discovering and recovering oil and gas; (g) Developing new...

  17. 30 CFR 560.130 - What criteria does BOEM use for selecting bidding systems and bidding system components?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false What criteria does BOEM use for selecting bidding systems and bidding system components? 560.130 Section 560.130 Mineral Resources BUREAU OF OCEAN... exploration, development, and production; (f) Discovering and recovering oil and gas; (g) Developing new...

  18. 30 CFR 260.130 - What criteria does MMS use for selecting bidding systems and bidding system components?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false What criteria does MMS use for selecting bidding systems and bidding system components? 260.130 Section 260.130 Mineral Resources BUREAU OF OCEAN... speculation; (e) Avoiding unnecessary delays in exploration, development, and production; (f) Discovering...

  19. 30 CFR 560.130 - What criteria does BOEM use for selecting bidding systems and bidding system components?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false What criteria does BOEM use for selecting bidding systems and bidding system components? 560.130 Section 560.130 Mineral Resources BUREAU OF OCEAN... exploration, development, and production; (f) Discovering and recovering oil and gas; (g) Developing new...

  20. 34 CFR 226.12 - What selection criteria does the Secretary use in evaluating an application for a State Charter...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... evaluating an application for a State Charter School Facilities Incentive program grant? 226.12 Section 226... SECONDARY EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION STATE CHARTER SCHOOL FACILITIES INCENTIVE PROGRAM How Does the... application for a State Charter School Facilities Incentive program grant? The selection criteria for...

  1. 34 CFR 426.22 - What selection criteria does the Secretary use for the Program for Model Consumer and Homemaking...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 34 Education 3 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false What selection criteria does the Secretary use for the Program for Model Consumer and Homemaking Education Projects? 426.22 Section 426.22 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF VOCATIONAL AND ADULT...

  2. 34 CFR 426.22 - What selection criteria does the Secretary use for the Program for Model Consumer and Homemaking...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 34 Education 3 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false What selection criteria does the Secretary use for the Program for Model Consumer and Homemaking Education Projects? 426.22 Section 426.22 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF VOCATIONAL AND ADULT...

  3. 34 CFR 426.22 - What selection criteria does the Secretary use for the Program for Model Consumer and Homemaking...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 34 Education 3 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false What selection criteria does the Secretary use for the Program for Model Consumer and Homemaking Education Projects? 426.22 Section 426.22 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF VOCATIONAL AND ADULT...

  4. 7 CFR 170.12 - What are the selection criteria for participation in the USDA Farmers Market?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... the USDA Farmers Market? 170.12 Section 170.12 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of... OF 1946 USDA FARMERS MARKET § 170.12 What are the selection criteria for participation in the USDA.... Participants should commit to supporting the USDA food gleaning/food recovery initiative. This...

  5. 7 CFR 170.12 - What are the selection criteria for participation in the USDA Farmers Market?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... the USDA Farmers Market? 170.12 Section 170.12 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of... OF 1946 USDA FARMERS MARKET § 170.12 What are the selection criteria for participation in the USDA.... Participants should commit to supporting the USDA food gleaning/food recovery initiative. This...

  6. 34 CFR 657.21 - What criteria does the Secretary use in selecting institutions for an allocation of fellowships?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... FOREIGN LANGUAGE AND AREA STUDIES FELLOWSHIPS PROGRAM How Does the Secretary Select an Institution for an... fellowships on the basis of the criteria in this section. (a) Foreign language and area studies fellowships...'s library holdings (both print and non-print, English and foreign language) for students; and...

  7. 34 CFR 426.23 - What selection criteria does the Secretary use for the Community-Based Organization Projects?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... schools, institutions of higher education, and businesses in the project, including— (i) Clear... 34 Education 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false What selection criteria does the Secretary use for the Community-Based Organization Projects? 426.23 Section 426.23 Education Regulations of the Offices of...

  8. Addition of N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide levels to electrocardiography criteria for detection of left ventricular hypertrophy: the ARIRANG study.

    PubMed

    Ahn, Min-Soo; Yoo, Byung-Su; Lee, Ji Hyun; Lee, Jun-Won; Youn, Young Jin; Ahn, Sung Gyun; Kim, Jang-Young; Lee, Seung-Hwan; Yoon, Junghan; Park, Jong-Ku; Ahn, Song Vogue; Choi, Eunhee

    2015-04-01

    The utility of electrocardiography (ECG) in screening for left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) in general populations is limited mainly because its low sensitivity. B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) is released due to the remodeling processes of LVH and could improve the diagnostic accuracy for the ECG criteria for LVH. We hypothesized that addition of BNP levels to ECG criteria could aid LVH detection compared with ECG alone in a general population. We enrolled consecutive 343 subjects from a community-based cohort. LVH was defined as LV mass index > 95 g/m(2) for females and > 115 g/m(2) for males according to echocardiography. The area under the receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curve to detect LVH was 0.55 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.50-0.61) in Sokolow-Lyon criteria and 0.53 (0.47-0.59) in the Cornell voltage criteria. After addition of N-terminal-proBNP levels to the model, the corresponding areas under the ROC were 0.63 (0.58-0.69) and 0.64 (0.59-0.69), respectively. P values for the comparison in areas under the ROC for models with and without N-terminal-proBNP levels were < 0.001. These data suggest that addition of N-terminal-proBNP levels to ECG criteria could significantly improve the diagnostic accuracy of LVH in general populations.

  9. Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders: Reliability of Axis I Diagnoses and Selected Clinical Measures

    PubMed Central

    Look, John O.; John, Mike T.; Tai, Feng; Huggins, Kimberly H.; Lenton, Patricia A.; Truelove, Edmond L.; Ohrbach, Richard; Anderson, Gary C.; Schiffman, Eric L.

    2011-01-01

    AIM To estimate inter-examiner reliability of the Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (RDC/TMD) protocol. METHODS Kappa (k), computed by generalized estimate equation procedures, was selected as the primary estimate of inter-examiner reliability. Intersite reliability of six examiners from 3 study sites was assessed annually over the 5-year period of the RDC/TMD Validation Project. Intrasite reliability was monitored throughout the validation study by comparing RDC/TMD data collections performed on the same day by the test examiner and a criterion examiner. RESULTS Intersite calibrations included a total of 180 subjects. Intersite reliability of RDC/TMD diagnoses was excellent (k > 0.75) when myofascial pain diagnoses (Ia or Ib) were grouped. Good reliability was observed for discrete myofascial pain diagnoses, Ia (k = 0.62) and Ib (k = 0.58), for disc displacement with reduction (k = 0.63), disc displacement without reduction with limited opening (k = 0.62), arthralgia (k = 0.55), and when joint pain (IIIa or IIIb) was grouped (k = 0.59). Reliability of less frequently observed diagnoses such as disc displacements without reduction without limited opening, and osteoarthrosis (IIIb, IIIc), was poor to marginally fair (k = 0.31- 0.43). Intrasite monitoring results (n = 705) approximated well intersite reliability estimates. The greatest difference in paired estimates was 0.18 (IIc). CONCLUSION Reliability of the RDC/TMD protocol was good to excellent for myofascial pain, arthralgia, disc displacement with reduction, and disc displacement without reduction with limited opening. Reliability was poor to marginally fair for disc displacement without reduction without limited opening and osteoarthrosis. PMID:20213029

  10. 26 CFR 1.23-6 - Procedure and criteria for additions to the approved list of energy-conserving components or...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... geothermal energy, the energy source must be an inexhaustible energy supply. Accordingly, wood and... approved list of energy-conserving components or renewable energy sources. 1.23-6 Section 1.23-6 Internal... During A Taxable Year § 1.23-6 Procedure and criteria for additions to the approved list of...

  11. 26 CFR 1.23-6 - Procedure and criteria for additions to the approved list of energy-conserving components or...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... geothermal energy, the energy source must be an inexhaustible energy supply. Accordingly, wood and... approved list of energy-conserving components or renewable energy sources. 1.23-6 Section 1.23-6 Internal... During A Taxable Year § 1.23-6 Procedure and criteria for additions to the approved list of...

  12. 26 CFR 1.23-6 - Procedure and criteria for additions to the approved list of energy-conserving components or...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... geothermal energy, the energy source must be an inexhaustible energy supply. Accordingly, wood and... approved list of energy-conserving components or renewable energy sources. 1.23-6 Section 1.23-6 Internal... During A Taxable Year § 1.23-6 Procedure and criteria for additions to the approved list of...

  13. Accommodating those Most at Risk. Responding to a Mismatch in Programme Selection Criteria and Foundation Biology Performance

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kirby, Nicola F.; Dempster, Edith R.

    2015-12-01

    In South Africa, foundation programmes are a well-established alternative access route to tertiary science study for educationally disadvantaged students. Student access to, and performance in, one such foundation programme has been researched by the authors seeking opportunities to improve student retention. The biology module in particular has been recognised to place students at risk of failing the foundation programme, thereby reducing throughput into mainstream science programmes. This study uses decision tree analysis to provide a detailed description of foundation biology student performance so that points of weakness and opportunities for remedial action may be pinpointed. While students' alternative-entry selection scores have previously been found to most effectively account for performance in the programme as a whole, no similar positive relationship was identified for any subgroup of students in the foundation biology module. Conversely, academic language proficiency in the medium of instruction (English), formerly found to play no role in overall student performance, was revealed as primary in explaining achievement in foundation biology, most adversely affecting students rendered particularly vulnerable by an additional academic and/or socio-economic disadvantage. A pass in the stand-alone foundation academic literacy module did not necessarily correspond to a pass in biology. Compromised by educational disadvantage, compounded by a mismatch in programme selection criteria and inadequate academic literacy support, discipline-specific, fundamental literacy development in the biology curriculum is proposed to enable students towards epistemic access in the module. Pending this intervention, formal access to mainstream study is unlikely for the foundation students most at risk of failure.

  14. A Study to Determine if Addition of Palatal Petechiae to Centor Criteria Adds More Significance to Clinical Diagnosis of Acute Strep Pharyngitis in Children.

    PubMed

    Nibhanipudi, Kumara V

    2016-01-01

    Objective. A study to determine if addition of palatal petechiae to Centor criteria adds more value for clinical diagnosis of acute strep pharyngitis in children. Hypothesis. In children, Centor Criteria does not cover all the symptoms and signs of acute strep pharyngitis. We hypothesize that addition of palatal petechiae to Centor Criteria will increase the possibility of clinical diagnosis of group A streptococcal pharyngitis in children. Methods. One hundred patients with a complaint of sore throat were enrolled in the study. All the patients were examined clinically using the Centor Criteria. They were also examined for other signs and symptoms like petechial lesions over the palate, abdominal pain, and skin rash. All the patients were given rapid strep tests, and throat cultures were sent. No antibiotics were given until culture results were obtained. Results. The sample size was 100 patients. All 100 had fever, sore throat, and erythema of tonsils. Twenty of the 100 patients had tonsillar exudates, 85/100 had tender anterior cervical lymph nodes, and 86/100 had no cough. In total, 9 out of the 100 patients had positive throat cultures. We observed that petechiae over the palate, a very significant sign, is not included in the Centor Criteria. Palatal petechiae were present in 8 out of the 100 patients. Six out of these 8 with palatal petechiae had positive throat culture for strep (75%). Only 7 out of 20 with exudates had positive strep culture. Sixteen out of the 100 patients had rapid strep test positive. Those 84/100 who had negative rapid strep also had negative throat culture. Statistics. We used Fisher's exact test, comparing throat culture positive and negative versus presence of exudates and palatal hemorrhages with positive and negative throat cultures and the resultant P value <.0001. Conclusion. Our study concludes that addition of petechiae over the palate to Centor Criteria will increase the possibility of diagnosing acute group A streptococcal

  15. A Study to Determine if Addition of Palatal Petechiae to Centor Criteria Adds More Significance to Clinical Diagnosis of Acute Strep Pharyngitis in Children

    PubMed Central

    Nibhanipudi, Kumara V.

    2016-01-01

    Objective. A study to determine if addition of palatal petechiae to Centor criteria adds more value for clinical diagnosis of acute strep pharyngitis in children. Hypothesis. In children, Centor Criteria does not cover all the symptoms and signs of acute strep pharyngitis. We hypothesize that addition of palatal petechiae to Centor Criteria will increase the possibility of clinical diagnosis of group A streptococcal pharyngitis in children. Methods. One hundred patients with a complaint of sore throat were enrolled in the study. All the patients were examined clinically using the Centor Criteria. They were also examined for other signs and symptoms like petechial lesions over the palate, abdominal pain, and skin rash. All the patients were given rapid strep tests, and throat cultures were sent. No antibiotics were given until culture results were obtained. Results. The sample size was 100 patients. All 100 had fever, sore throat, and erythema of tonsils. Twenty of the 100 patients had tonsillar exudates, 85/100 had tender anterior cervical lymph nodes, and 86/100 had no cough. In total, 9 out of the 100 patients had positive throat cultures. We observed that petechiae over the palate, a very significant sign, is not included in the Centor Criteria. Palatal petechiae were present in 8 out of the 100 patients. Six out of these 8 with palatal petechiae had positive throat culture for strep (75%). Only 7 out of 20 with exudates had positive strep culture. Sixteen out of the 100 patients had rapid strep test positive. Those 84/100 who had negative rapid strep also had negative throat culture. Statistics. We used Fisher’s exact test, comparing throat culture positive and negative versus presence of exudates and palatal hemorrhages with positive and negative throat cultures and the resultant P value <.0001. Conclusion. Our study concludes that addition of petechiae over the palate to Centor Criteria will increase the possibility of diagnosing acute group A streptococcal

  16. Relationship between student selection criteria and learner success for medical dosimetry students.

    PubMed

    Baker, Jamie; Tucker, Debra; Raynes, Edilberto; Aitken, Florence; Allen, Pamela

    2016-01-01

    Medical dosimetry education occupies a specialized branch of allied health higher education. Noted international shortages of health care workers, reduced university funding, limitations on faculty staffing, trends in learner attrition, and increased enrollment of nontraditional students force medical dosimetry educational leadership to reevaluate current admission practices. Program officials wish to select medical dosimetry students with the best chances of successful graduation. The purpose of the quantitative ex post facto correlation study was to investigate the relationship between applicant characteristics (cumulative undergraduate grade point average (GPA), science grade point average (SGPA), prior experience as a radiation therapist, and previous academic degrees) and the successful completion of a medical dosimetry program, as measured by graduation. A key finding from the quantitative study was the statistically significant positive correlation between a student׳s previous degree and his or her successful graduation from the medical dosimetry program. Future research investigations could include a larger research sample, representative of more medical dosimetry student populations, and additional studies concerning the relationship of previous work as a radiation therapist and the effect on success as a medical dosimetry student. Based on the quantitative correlation analysis, medical dosimetry leadership on admissions committees could revise student selection rubrics to place less emphasis on an applicant׳s undergraduate cumulative GPA and increase the weight assigned to previous degrees. PMID:26553474

  17. Relationship between student selection criteria and learner success for medical dosimetry students.

    PubMed

    Baker, Jamie; Tucker, Debra; Raynes, Edilberto; Aitken, Florence; Allen, Pamela

    2016-01-01

    Medical dosimetry education occupies a specialized branch of allied health higher education. Noted international shortages of health care workers, reduced university funding, limitations on faculty staffing, trends in learner attrition, and increased enrollment of nontraditional students force medical dosimetry educational leadership to reevaluate current admission practices. Program officials wish to select medical dosimetry students with the best chances of successful graduation. The purpose of the quantitative ex post facto correlation study was to investigate the relationship between applicant characteristics (cumulative undergraduate grade point average (GPA), science grade point average (SGPA), prior experience as a radiation therapist, and previous academic degrees) and the successful completion of a medical dosimetry program, as measured by graduation. A key finding from the quantitative study was the statistically significant positive correlation between a student׳s previous degree and his or her successful graduation from the medical dosimetry program. Future research investigations could include a larger research sample, representative of more medical dosimetry student populations, and additional studies concerning the relationship of previous work as a radiation therapist and the effect on success as a medical dosimetry student. Based on the quantitative correlation analysis, medical dosimetry leadership on admissions committees could revise student selection rubrics to place less emphasis on an applicant׳s undergraduate cumulative GPA and increase the weight assigned to previous degrees.

  18. A multi-criteria analysis approach for ranking and selection of microorganisms for the production of oils for biodiesel production.

    PubMed

    Ahmad, Farah B; Zhang, Zhanying; Doherty, William O S; O'Hara, Ian M

    2015-08-01

    Oleaginous microorganisms have potential to be used to produce oils as alternative feedstock for biodiesel production. Microalgae (Chlorella protothecoides and Chlorella zofingiensis), yeasts (Cryptococcus albidus and Rhodotorula mucilaginosa), and fungi (Aspergillus oryzae and Mucor plumbeus) were investigated for their ability to produce oil from glucose, xylose and glycerol. Multi-criteria analysis (MCA) using analytic hierarchy process (AHP) and preference ranking organization method for the enrichment of evaluations (PROMETHEE) with graphical analysis for interactive aid (GAIA), was used to rank and select the preferred microorganisms for oil production for biodiesel application. This was based on a number of criteria viz., oil concentration, content, production rate and yield, substrate consumption rate, fatty acids composition, biomass harvesting and nutrient costs. PROMETHEE selected A. oryzae, M. plumbeus and R. mucilaginosa as the most prospective species for oil production. However, further analysis by GAIA Webs identified A. oryzae and M. plumbeus as the best performing microorganisms.

  19. Selective impairments for addition, subtraction and multiplication. implications for the organisation of arithmetical facts.

    PubMed

    van Harskamp, N J; Cipolotti, L

    2001-06-01

    This study reports for the first time a selective impairment for simple addition in patient FS. Moreover, patient VP presented with a selective impairment for simple multiplication and patient DT with a selective impairment for simple subtraction. These findings are discussed in the context of two of the most influential models for the organisation of arithmetical facts in memory (Dehaene and Cohen, 1995, 1997, and Dagenbach and McCloskey, 1992). Dehaene and Cohen (1995, 1997) have proposed that dissociation between arithmetical facts result from a selective impairment to two different types of processing: rote verbal memory for multiplication and simple addition vs. quantity processing for subtraction and division. Dagenbach and McCloskey (1992) suggest dissociation between arithmetical facts result from a selective damage to segregated memory networks specific for each operation. We will argue that our findings are problematic for Dehaene's model and in good accord with McCloskey's view. PMID:11485063

  20. Discrepancies between selected Pareto optimal plans and final deliverable plans in radiotherapy multi-criteria optimization.

    PubMed

    Kyroudi, Archonteia; Petersson, Kristoffer; Ghandour, Sarah; Pachoud, Marc; Matzinger, Oscar; Ozsahin, Mahmut; Bourhis, Jean; Bochud, François; Moeckli, Raphaël

    2016-08-01

    Multi-criteria optimization provides decision makers with a range of clinical choices through Pareto plans that can be explored during real time navigation and then converted into deliverable plans. Our study shows that dosimetric differences can arise between the two steps, which could compromise the clinical choices made during navigation.

  1. 34 CFR 648.31 - What selection criteria does the Secretary use?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... application on the basis of the criteria in this section. (a) Meeting the purposes of the program. The Secretary reviews each application to determine how well the project will meet the purposes of the program... capacity for teaching and research at the institution and at State, regional, or national levels; (3)...

  2. 29 CFR 1926.1414 - Wire rope-selection and installation criteria.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... criteria: Wire rope (other than rotation resistant rope) must comply with either Option (1) or Option (2... be used for boom hoist reeving, except for derricks. (2) Rotation resistant ropes must be used for...) Rotation resistant ropes—(1) Definitions—(i) Type I rotation resistant wire rope (“Type I”). Type...

  3. 29 CFR 1926.1414 - Wire rope-selection and installation criteria.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... criteria: Wire rope (other than rotation resistant rope) must comply with either Option (1) or Option (2... be used for boom hoist reeving, except for derricks. (2) Rotation resistant ropes must be used for...) Rotation resistant ropes. (1) Definitions. (i) Type I rotation resistant wire rope (“Type I”). Type...

  4. 29 CFR 1926.1414 - Wire rope-selection and installation criteria.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... criteria: Wire rope (other than rotation resistant rope) must comply with either Option (1) or Option (2... be used for boom hoist reeving, except for derricks. (2) Rotation resistant ropes must be used for...) Rotation resistant ropes. (1) Definitions. (i) Type I rotation resistant wire rope (“Type I”). Type...

  5. 78 FR 47979 - Final Priorities, Requirements, Definitions, and Selection Criteria; Race to the Top-District

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-06

    ... (78 FR 22451)), most changes from the FY 2012 competition reflect minor language clarifications. The... criteria for this program in the Federal Register on April 16, 2013 (78 FR 22451). That notice contained... equity and excellence in education for all children. Discussion: The Department anticipates...

  6. A Study to Determine Through Content Analysis Selected Criteria for Open-End Examinations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McNally, Elaine F.

    Content analysis was used to determine the evaluation criteria of high school and college teachers and college seniors in grading essay tests. Content analysis is defined as a way of asking a fixed set of questions unfalteringly of all of a predetermined body of writings, in such a way as to produce quantitative results. Four reponses to a…

  7. 34 CFR 411.21 - What selection criteria does the Secretary use?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...) Any other qualifications that pertain to the quality of the project. (d) Budget and cost effectiveness... following criteria to evaluate an application: (a) National need. (20 points) The Secretary reviews each application to determine the extent to which the project would make a contribution of national...

  8. 34 CFR 658.31 - What selection criteria does the Secretary use?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Secretary evaluates an application for a project under this program on the basis of the criteria in this section. (a) Plan of operation. (See 34 CFR 655. 31(a)) (b) Quality of key personnel. (See 34 CFR 655.31(b)) (c) Budget and cost effectiveness. (See 34 CFR 655.31(c)) (d) Evaluation plan. (See 34 CFR...

  9. 34 CFR 642.21 - What selection criteria does the Secretary use?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... project, as well as other information that the applicant provides. (c) Budget and cost effectiveness. (10... criteria in paragraphs (a) through (f) of this section to evaluate applications: (a) Plan of operation. (20 points) (1) The Secretary reviews each application for information that shows the quality of the plan...

  10. 34 CFR 477.21 - What selection criteria does the Secretary use?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... cost effectiveness. (5 points) The Secretary reviews each application to determine the extent to which... Secretary uses the following criteria to evaluate an application: (a) Program factors. (10 points) The Secretary reviews each application to determine how well the objectives of the proposed project will...

  11. 34 CFR 491.21 - What selection criteria does the Secretary use?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... qualifications that pertain to the quality of the project. (e) Budget and cost effectiveness. (5 points) The... following criteria to evaluate an application: (a) Program factors. (25 points) The Secretary reviews each application to determine the extent to which— (1) The program design is tailored to the literacy and...

  12. 34 CFR 661.31 - What selection criteria does the Secretary use?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... application for a grant under this program on the basis of the criteria in this section. (a) Plan of operation. (See 34 CFR 655.31(a).) (b) Qualifications of the key personnel. (See 34 CFR 655.31(b).) (c) Budget and cost effectiveness. (See 34 CFR 655.31(c).) (d) Evaluation plan. (See 34 CFR 655.31(d).) (e)...

  13. 34 CFR 661.31 - What selection criteria does the Secretary use?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... application for a grant under this program on the basis of the criteria in this section. (a) Plan of operation. (See 34 CFR 655.31(a).) (b) Qualifications of the key personnel. (See 34 CFR 655.31(b).) (c) Budget and cost effectiveness. (See 34 CFR 655.31(c).) (d) Evaluation plan. (See 34 CFR 655.31(d).) (e)...

  14. 34 CFR 636.21 - What selection criteria does the Secretary use to evaluate an application?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... evaluate an application? 636.21 Section 636.21 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of... evaluate an application? The Secretary uses the following criteria to evaluate an application under this part: (a) Determination of need for the project. (10 points). The Secretary reviews each application...

  15. 34 CFR 421.21 - What selection criteria does the Secretary use?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... management. (f) Budget and cost effectiveness. (10 points) The Secretary reviews each application to... following criteria to evaluate an application: (a) Program factors. (15 points) The Secretary reviews each application to assess the quality and effectiveness of the applicant's approach to developing...

  16. 34 CFR 401.21 - What selection criteria does the Secretary use?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... to the quality of the project. (e) Budget and cost effectiveness. (5 points) The Secretary reviews... following criteria to evaluate an application: (a) Program factors. (20 points) The Secretary reviews each application to determine the extent to which it— (1) Proposes measurable goals for student...

  17. 34 CFR 401.21 - What selection criteria does the Secretary use?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... to the quality of the project. (e) Budget and cost effectiveness. (5 points) The Secretary reviews... following criteria to evaluate an application: (a) Program factors. (20 points) The Secretary reviews each application to determine the extent to which it— (1) Proposes measurable goals for student...

  18. 34 CFR 421.21 - What selection criteria does the Secretary use?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... management. (f) Budget and cost effectiveness. (10 points) The Secretary reviews each application to... following criteria to evaluate an application: (a) Program factors. (15 points) The Secretary reviews each application to assess the quality and effectiveness of the applicant's approach to developing...

  19. 34 CFR 636.21 - What selection criteria does the Secretary use to evaluate an application?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... evaluate an application? 636.21 Section 636.21 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of... evaluate an application? The Secretary uses the following criteria to evaluate an application under this part: (a) Determination of need for the project. (10 points). The Secretary reviews each application...

  20. 34 CFR 664.31 - What selection criteria does the Secretary use?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... project as well as other information that the applicant provides. (c) Budget and cost effectiveness. (1... criteria in this section to evaluate applications for the purpose of recommending to the J. William.... (1) The Secretary reviews each application for information to determine the quality of the plan...

  1. 34 CFR 412.21 - What selection criteria does the Secretary use?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ..., equipment, and supplies. (e) Budget and cost effectiveness. (5 points) The Secretary reviews each application to determine the extent to which— (1) The budget is cost effective and adequate to support the... does the Secretary use? The Secretary uses the following criteria to evaluate an application:...

  2. 34 CFR 477.21 - What selection criteria does the Secretary use?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... cost effectiveness. (5 points) The Secretary reviews each application to determine the extent to which... Secretary uses the following criteria to evaluate an application: (a) Program factors. (10 points) The Secretary reviews each application to determine how well the objectives of the proposed project will...

  3. 34 CFR 658.31 - What selection criteria does the Secretary use?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Secretary evaluates an application for a project under this program on the basis of the criteria in this section. (a) Plan of operation. (See 34 CFR 655. 31(a)) (b) Quality of key personnel. (See 34 CFR 655.31(b)) (c) Budget and cost effectiveness. (See 34 CFR 655.31(c)) (d) Evaluation plan. (See 34 CFR...

  4. 34 CFR 472.22 - What selection criteria does the Secretary use?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...) Take place in a readily accessible environment conducive to adult learning; (4) Provide training... appointed by the Secretary. Regulations governing the PEP are codified in 34 CFR parts 785-789. Specific criteria for PEP review are found in 34 CFR 786.12 or 787.12. (g) Budget and cost-effectiveness. (7...

  5. 34 CFR 426.24 - What selection criteria does the Secretary use for Agriculture Action Centers?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Agriculture Action Centers? 426.24 Section 426.24 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of... use for Agriculture Action Centers? The Secretary uses the following criteria to evaluate an application for an Agriculture Action Center: (a) Program factors. (10 points) The Secretary reviews...

  6. 34 CFR 611.31 - What are the program's selection criteria for pre-applications?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...-applications? In evaluating pre-applications, the Secretary considers the following criteria: (a) Project goals and objectives. (1) The Secretary considers the goals and objectives of the project design. (2) In determining the quality of the project goals and objectives, the Secretary considers how the partnership...

  7. 34 CFR 611.31 - What are the program's selection criteria for pre-applications?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...-applications? In evaluating pre-applications, the Secretary considers the following criteria: (a) Project goals and objectives. (1) The Secretary considers the goals and objectives of the project design. (2) In determining the quality of the project goals and objectives, the Secretary considers how the partnership...

  8. 34 CFR 611.31 - What are the program's selection criteria for pre-applications?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...-applications? In evaluating pre-applications, the Secretary considers the following criteria: (a) Project goals and objectives. (1) The Secretary considers the goals and objectives of the project design. (2) In determining the quality of the project goals and objectives, the Secretary considers how the partnership...

  9. 34 CFR 426.24 - What selection criteria does the Secretary use for Agriculture Action Centers?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Agriculture Action Centers? 426.24 Section 426.24 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of... use for Agriculture Action Centers? The Secretary uses the following criteria to evaluate an application for an Agriculture Action Center: (a) Program factors. (10 points) The Secretary reviews...

  10. 34 CFR 426.24 - What selection criteria does the Secretary use for Agriculture Action Centers?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Agriculture Action Centers? 426.24 Section 426.24 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of... use for Agriculture Action Centers? The Secretary uses the following criteria to evaluate an application for an Agriculture Action Center: (a) Program factors. (10 points) The Secretary reviews...

  11. 34 CFR 426.24 - What selection criteria does the Secretary use for Agriculture Action Centers?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Agriculture Action Centers? 426.24 Section 426.24 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of... use for Agriculture Action Centers? The Secretary uses the following criteria to evaluate an application for an Agriculture Action Center: (a) Program factors. (10 points) The Secretary reviews...

  12. Indonesian Students' Perceptions of Choice Criteria in the Selection of a Tertiary Institution: Strategic Implications.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Joseph, Mathew; Joseph, Beatriz

    2000-01-01

    Investigated the criteria that Indonesian students consider when choosing a college or university. The most important factors identified were "course and career information" and "physical aspects and facilities." Other important factors were cost of education, degree (content and structure), and value of education. Results are applied to…

  13. 34 CFR 489.21 - What selection criteria does the Secretary use?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    .... (Review criteria for the Program Effectiveness Panel are provided in 34 CFR 786.12.); (3) Provide for an... VOCATIONAL AND ADULT EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION FUNCTIONAL LITERACY FOR STATE AND LOCAL PRISONERS... assessments necessary to identify offenders with disabilities affecting functional literacy; (3)...

  14. 34 CFR 489.21 - What selection criteria does the Secretary use?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    .... (Review criteria for the Program Effectiveness Panel are provided in 34 CFR 786.12.); (3) Provide for an... VOCATIONAL AND ADULT EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION FUNCTIONAL LITERACY FOR STATE AND LOCAL PRISONERS... assessments necessary to identify offenders with disabilities affecting functional literacy; (3)...

  15. 34 CFR 489.21 - What selection criteria does the Secretary use?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    .... (Review criteria for the Program Effectiveness Panel are provided in 34 CFR 786.12.); (3) Provide for an... VOCATIONAL AND ADULT EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION FUNCTIONAL LITERACY FOR STATE AND LOCAL PRISONERS... assessments necessary to identify offenders with disabilities affecting functional literacy; (3)...

  16. 34 CFR 472.22 - What selection criteria does the Secretary use?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... appointed by the Secretary. Regulations governing the PEP are codified in 34 CFR parts 785-789. Specific criteria for PEP review are found in 34 CFR 786.12 or 787.12. (g) Budget and cost-effectiveness. (7 points... VOCATIONAL AND ADULT EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION NATIONAL WORKPLACE LITERACY PROGRAM How Does...

  17. 34 CFR 489.21 - What selection criteria does the Secretary use?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    .... (Review criteria for the Program Effectiveness Panel are provided in 34 CFR 786.12.); (3) Provide for an... VOCATIONAL AND ADULT EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION FUNCTIONAL LITERACY FOR STATE AND LOCAL PRISONERS... assessments necessary to identify offenders with disabilities affecting functional literacy; (3)...

  18. 34 CFR 472.22 - What selection criteria does the Secretary use?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... appointed by the Secretary. Regulations governing the PEP are codified in 34 CFR parts 785-789. Specific criteria for PEP review are found in 34 CFR 786.12 or 787.12. (g) Budget and cost-effectiveness. (7 points... VOCATIONAL AND ADULT EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION NATIONAL WORKPLACE LITERACY PROGRAM How Does...

  19. 34 CFR 472.22 - What selection criteria does the Secretary use?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... appointed by the Secretary. Regulations governing the PEP are codified in 34 CFR parts 785-789. Specific criteria for PEP review are found in 34 CFR 786.12 or 787.12. (g) Budget and cost-effectiveness. (7 points... VOCATIONAL AND ADULT EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION NATIONAL WORKPLACE LITERACY PROGRAM How Does...

  20. 34 CFR 472.22 - What selection criteria does the Secretary use?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... appointed by the Secretary. Regulations governing the PEP are codified in 34 CFR parts 785-789. Specific criteria for PEP review are found in 34 CFR 786.12 or 787.12. (g) Budget and cost-effectiveness. (7 points... VOCATIONAL AND ADULT EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION NATIONAL WORKPLACE LITERACY PROGRAM How Does...

  1. Additive effects of pollinators and herbivores result in both conflicting and reinforcing selection on floral traits.

    PubMed

    Sletvold, Nina; Moritz, Kim K; Agren, Jon

    2015-01-01

    Mutualists and antagonists are known to respond to similar floral cues, and may thus cause opposing selection on floral traits. However, we lack a quantitative understanding of their independent and interactive effects. In a population of the orchid Gymnadenia conopsea, we manipulated the intensity of pollination and herbivory in a factorial design to examine whether both interactions influence selection on flowering phenology, floral display, and morphology. Supplemental hand-pollination increased female fitness by 31% and one-quarter of all plants were damaged by herbivores. Both interactions contributed to selection. Pollinators mediated selection for later flowering and herbivores for earlier flowering, while both selected for longer spurs. The strength of selection was similar for both agents, and their effects were additive. As a consequence, there was no. net selection on phenology, whereas selection on spur length was strong. The experimental results demonstrate that both pollinators and herbivores can markedly influence the strength of selection on flowering phenology and floral morphology, and cause both conflicting and reinforcing selection. They also indicate that the direction of selection on phenology will vary with the relative intensity of the mutualistic and antagonistic interaction, potentially resulting in both temporal and among-population variation in optimal flowering time.

  2. Proposal of new expanded selection criteria using total tumor size and 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose - positron emission tomography/computed tomography for living donor liver transplantation in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma: The National Cancer Center Korea criteria

    PubMed Central

    Lee, Seung Duk; Lee, Bora; Kim, Seong Hoon; Joo, Jungnam; Kim, Seok-Ki; Kim, Young-Kyu; Park, Sang-Jae

    2016-01-01

    AIM: To expand the living donor liver transplantation (LT) pool of eligible patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) using new morphological and biological criteria. METHODS: Patients with HCC who underwent living donor LT (LDLT) from March 2005 to May 2013 at the National Cancer Center Korea (NCCK) were enrolled. We performed the 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) before LDLT. Overall and disease-free survival analysis was done in patients to evaluate the usefulness of new NCCK criteria using PET/CT and total tumor size (10 cm). RESULTS: We enrolled a total of 280 patients who pathologically confirmed to have HCC and performed the PET/CT before transplantation. Among them, 164 (58.6%) patients fulfilled the NCCK criteria and 132 patients (47.1%) met the Milan criteria. Five-year overall and disease-free survival rates for patients who fulfilled the NCCK criteria showed 85.2% and 84.0%, respectively, and were significantly higher than those beyond the NCCK criteria (60.2% and 44.4%, respectively; P < 0.001). The correlation analysis between preoperative imaging tests and pathologic reports using Cohen’s Kappa demonstrated the better results in the NCCK criteria than those in the Milan criteria (0.850 vs 0.583). The comparison of disease-free analysis among the NCCK, Milan, and University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) criteria using the receiver operating characteristics curves revealed the similar area under the curve value criteria (NCCK vs Milan, P = 0.484; NCCK vs UCSF, P = 0.189 at 5-years). CONCLUSION: The NCCK criteria using hybrid concept of both morphological and biological parameters showed an excellent agreement between preoperative imaging and pathological results, and favorable survival outcomes. These new criteria might select the optimal patients with HCC waiting LDLT and expand the selection pool. PMID:27358787

  3. A Four-Step and Four-Criteria Approach for Evaluating Evidence of Dose Addition in Chemical Mixture Toxicity

    EPA Science Inventory

    Dose addition is the most frequently-used component-based approach for predicting dose response for a mixture of toxicologically-similar chemicals and for statistical evaluation of whether the mixture response is consistent with dose additivity and therefore predictable from the ...

  4. Reaching Mars: multi-criteria R&D portfolio selection for Mars exploration technology planning

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Smith, J. H.; Dolgin, B. P.; Weisbin, C. R.

    2003-01-01

    The exploration of Mars has been the focus of increasing scientific interest about the planet and its relationship to Earth. A multi-criteria decision-making approach was developed to address the question, Given a Mars program composed of mission concepts dependent on a variety of alternative technology development programs, which combination of technologies would enable missions to maximize science return under a constrained budget?.

  5. Science Objectives and Site Selection Criteria for a Human Mission to Mars

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Niles, P. B.; Beaty, D. W.; Hays, L. E.; Bass, D.; Bell, M. S.; Bleacher, J. E.; Cabrol, N. A.; Conrad, P. G.; Eppler, D. B.; Hamilton, V. E.; Head, J. W., III; Kahre, M. A.; Levy, J. S.; Lyons, T. W.; Rafkin, S. C.; Rice, M. S.; Rice, J.

    2015-12-01

    NASA recently requested that MEPAG evaluate the scientific objectives and the science-related landing site criteria that could be used to support preliminary landing site evaluation for a human mission to Mars in the late 2030's. These requests were addressed by the Human Science Objectives Science Analysis Group, or HSO-SAG 2015, consisting of members of the Mars science and human exploration communities. A set of candidate scientific objectives was identified by the SAG considering intrinsic scientific merit, magnitude of the benefit of a proximal human, opportunities to make simultaneous observations from different vantage points, and opportunities to deliver scientific payloads of higher mass/complexity. These science objectives were then used to construct a set of landing site criteria that can be used to identify potential human landing sites on Mars with high potential for substantial scientific discovery. A future human landing site will lie in the center of a 100 km radius 'exploration zone' and scientific regions of interest within this exploration zone can be considered candidate sites for human exploration. HSO-SAG determined that potential landing sites on Mars should have access to the following: 1) deposits with a high preservation potential for evidence of past habitability and/or sites that are promising for present habitability; 2) Noachian and/or Hesperian rocks that can be used to understand past atmospheres; 3) exposures of at least two crustal units that are suitable for radiometric dating; 4) access to outcrops with signatures indicative of aqueous processes; 5) identifiable stratigraphic contacts and cross-cutting relationships from which relative ages can be determined. These criteria will be used along with other criteria developed from engineering and exploration objectives to help prioritize candidate landing sites for future human missions to Mars. The first landing site workshop will occur on October 27-30, 2015 in Houston, TX. Please

  6. A national survey of admissions criteria and processes in selected allied health professions.

    PubMed

    Scott, A H; Chase, L M; Lefkowitz, R; Morton-Rias, D; Chambers, C; Joe, J; Holmes, G; Bloomberg, S

    1995-01-01

    A national survey of admissions criteria and procedures was conducted for allied health programs in diagnostic medical imaging, health information management, nurse-midwifery, occupational therapy, physical therapy, and physician assistant education. From a sample of 462, 63.2% responded. The survey canvassed general program information, prerequisites, admissions procedures, and demographic trends. Respondents were primarily from public institutions with faculty actively involved in admissions. The most common prerequisites were anatomy/physiology, physics, biology, chemistry, and psychology; and the most frequently required admissions criteria were GPA, references, interviews, science GPA, and writing sample. Standardized tests were rarely utilized. The following were the major prerequisite characteristics and skills considered: academic skills, communication skills, problem-solving abilities, maturity/confidence, motivation, and work/study habits. Changing demographics were reported, including an increase in second-career, older, and ethnically diverse applicants. Also discussed were nontraditional and minority applicant admissions issues. Future research suggestions include use of noncognitive variables, and academic and clinical outcome studies. The utility of this information for validation/revision of admissions criteria are presented. PMID:7642442

  7. Role of model selection criteria in geostatistical inverse estimation of statistical data- and model-parameters

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Riva, Monica; Panzeri, Marco; Guadagnini, Alberto; Neuman, Shlomo P.

    2011-07-01

    We analyze theoretically the ability of model quality (sometimes termed information or discrimination) criteria such as the negative log likelihood NLL, Bayesian criteria BIC and KIC and information theoretic criteria AIC, AICc, and HIC to estimate (1) the parameter vector ? of the variogram of hydraulic log conductivity (Y = ln K), and (2) statistical parameters ? and ? proportional to head and log conductivity measurement error variances, respectively, in the context of geostatistical groundwater flow inversion. Our analysis extends the work of Hernandez et al. (2003, 2006) and Riva et al. (2009), who developed nonlinear stochastic inverse algorithms that allow conditioning estimates of steady state and transient hydraulic heads, fluxes and their associated uncertainty on information about conductivity and head data collected in a randomly heterogeneous confined aquifer. Their algorithms are based on recursive numerical approximations of exact nonlocal conditional equations describing the mean and (co)variance of groundwater flow. Log conductivity is parameterized geostatistically based on measured values at discrete locations and unknown values at discrete "pilot points." Optionally, the maximum likelihood function on which the inverse estimation of Y at pilot points is based may include a regularization term reflecting prior information about Y. The relative weight ? assigned to this term and its components ? and ?, as well as ? are evaluated separately from other model parameters to avoid bias and instability. This evaluation is done on the basis of criteria such as NLL, KIC, BIC, HIC, AIC, and AICc. We demonstrate theoretically that, whereas all these six criteria make it possible to estimate ?, KIC alone allows one to estimate validly ? and ? (and thus ?). We illustrate this discriminatory power of KIC numerically by using a differential evolution genetic search algorithm to minimize it in the context of a two-dimensional steady state groundwater flow

  8. Criteria for Sample Selection to Maximize Planet Sensitivity and Yield from Space-Based Microlens Parallax Surveys

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yee, Jennifer C.; Gould, Andrew; Beichman, Charles; Calchi Novati, Sebastiano; Carey, Sean; Gaudi, B. Scott; Henderson, Calen B.; Nataf, David; Penny, Matthew; Shvartzvald, Yossi; Zhu, Wei

    2015-09-01

    Space-based microlens parallax measurements are a powerful tool for understanding planet populations, especially their distribution throughout the Galaxy. However, if space-based observations of the microlensing events must be specifically targeted, it is crucial that microlensing events enter the parallax sample without reference to the known presence or absence of planets. Hence, it is vital to define objective criteria for selecting events where possible and to carefully consider and minimize the selection biases where not possible so that the final sample represents a controlled experiment. We present objective criteria for initiating observations and determining their cadence for a subset of events, and we define procedures for isolating subjective decision making from information about detected planets for the remainder of events. We also define procedures to resolve conflicts between subjective and objective selections. These procedures maximize the planet sensitivity of the sample as a whole by allowing for planet detections even if they occur before satellite observations for objectively selected events and by helping to trigger fruitful follow-up observations for subjectively chosen events. This paper represents our public commitment to these procedures, which is a necessary component of enforcing objectivity on the experimental protocol. They will be implemented for the 2015 Spitzer microlensing campaign.

  9. Effects of strongly selective additives on volume phase transition in gels

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Uematsu, Yuki; Araki, Takeaki

    2012-07-01

    We investigate volume phase transition in gels immersed in mixture solvents, on the basis of a three-component Flory-Rehner theory. When the selectivity of the minority solvent component to the polymer network is strong, the gel tends to shrink with an increasing concentration of the additive, regardless of whether it is good or poor. This behavior originates from the difference of the additive concentration between inside and outside the gel. We also found the gap of the gel volume at the transition point can be controlled by adding the strongly selective solutes. By dissolving a strongly poor additive, for instance, the discontinuous volume phase transition can be extinguished. Furthermore, we observed that another volume phase transition occurs far from the original transition point. These behaviors can be well explained by a simplified theory neglecting the nonlinearity of the additive concentration.

  10. The health systems' priority setting criteria for selecting health technologies: A systematic review of the current evidence

    PubMed Central

    Mobinizadeh, Mohammadreza; Raeissi, Pouran; Nasiripour, Amir Ashkan; Olyaeemanesh, Alireza; Tabibi, Seyed Jamaleddin

    2016-01-01

    Background: In the recent years, using health technologies to diagnose and treat diseases has had a considerable and accelerated growth. The proper use of these technologies may considerably help in the diagnosis and treatment of different diseases. On the other hand, unlimited and unrestricted entry of these technologies may result in induced demand by service providers. The aim of this study was to determine the appropriate criteria used in health technologies priority-setting models in the world. Methods: Using MESH and free text, we sought and retrieved the relevant articles from the most appropriate medical databases (the Cochrane Library, PubMed and Scopus) through three separate search strategies up to March 2015. The inclusion criteria were as follows: 1) Studies with specific criteria; 2) Articles written in English; 3) Those articles conducted in compliance with priority setting of health technologies. Data were analyzed qualitatively using a thematic synthesis technique. Results: After screening the retrieved papers via PRISMA framework, from the 7,012 papers, 40 studies were included in the final phase. Criteria for selecting health technologies (in pre assessment and in the assessment phase) were categorized into six main themes: 1) Health outcomes; 2) Disease and target population; 3) Technology alternatives; 4) Economic aspects; 5) Evidence; 6) and other factors. "Health effects/benefits" had the maximum frequency in health outcomes (8 studies); "disease severity" had the maximum frequency in disease and target population (12 studies); "the number of alternatives" had the maximum frequency in alternatives (2 studies); "cost-effectiveness" had the maximum frequency in economic aspects (15 studies); "quality of evidence" had the maximum frequency in evidence (4 studies); and "issues concerning the health system" had the maximum frequency in other factors (10 studies). Conclusion: The results revealed an increase in the number of studies on health

  11. 34 CFR 377.21 - What selection criteria does the Secretary use?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... otherwise eligible to participate are selected without regard to race, color, national origin, gender, or..., national origin, gender, age, or disabling condition. (2) The Secretary reviews each application...

  12. 34 CFR 491.21 - What selection criteria does the Secretary use?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... otherwise eligible to participate are selected without regard to race, color, national origin, gender, age... race, color, national origin, gender, age, or handicapping condition. (2) To determine...

  13. 34 CFR 377.21 - What selection criteria does the Secretary use?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... otherwise eligible to participate are selected without regard to race, color, national origin, gender, or..., national origin, gender, age, or disabling condition. (2) The Secretary reviews each application...

  14. 34 CFR 411.21 - What selection criteria does the Secretary use?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... eligible to participate are selected without regard to race, color, national origin, gender, age, or..., color, national origin, gender, age, or disability. (2) To determine personnel qualifications...

  15. NO removal by reducing agents and additives in the selective non-catalytic reduction (SNCR) process.

    PubMed

    Bae, Sang Wook; Roh, Seon Ah; Kim, Sang Done

    2006-09-01

    The effect of the additives on the selective non-catalytic reduction (SNCR) reaction has been determined in a three-stage laboratory scale reactor. The optimum reaction temperature is lowered and the reaction temperature window is widened with increasing concentrations of the gas additives (CO, CH4). The optimum reaction temperature is lowered and the maximum NO removal efficiency decreases with increasing the concentration of alcohol additives (CH3OH, C2H5OH). The addition of phenol lowers the optimum reaction temperature about 100-150 degrees C similar to that of the toluene addition. The volatile organic compounds (VOCs: C6H5OH, C7H8) can be utilized in the SNCR process to enhance NO reduction and removed at the same time. A previously proposed simple kinetic model can successfully apply the NO reduction by NH3 and the present additives.

  16. Mate-Selection Systems and Criteria: Variation according to Family Structure.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, Gary R.; Stone, Lorene Hemphill

    1980-01-01

    Autonomous mate selection based on romantic attraction is more likely to be institutionalized in societies with nuclear family systems. Neolocal residence customs increase the probability that mate selection is autonomous but decrease the probability that it is based on romantic attraction. (Author)

  17. 34 CFR 356.30 - What selection criteria are used for this program?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... creatively in scientific research; and (b) The quality of a research proposal of no more than 12 pages... REHABILITATION RESEARCH: RESEARCH FELLOWSHIPS How Does the Secretary Select a Fellow? § 356.30 What selection... the Act and the mission of the Institute. (2) The research hypotheses or related objectives and...

  18. 34 CFR 356.30 - What selection criteria are used for this program?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... creatively in scientific research; and (b) The quality of a research proposal of no more than 12 pages... REHABILITATION RESEARCH: RESEARCH FELLOWSHIPS How Does the Secretary Select a Fellow? § 356.30 What selection... the Act and the mission of the Institute. (2) The research hypotheses or related objectives and...

  19. Selection of optimal oligonucleotide probes for microarrays usingmultiple criteria, global alignment and parameter estimation.

    SciTech Connect

    Li, Xingyuan; He, Zhili; Zhou, Jizhong

    2005-10-30

    The oligonucleotide specificity for microarray hybridizationcan be predicted by its sequence identity to non-targets, continuousstretch to non-targets, and/or binding free energy to non-targets. Mostcurrently available programs only use one or two of these criteria, whichmay choose 'false' specific oligonucleotides or miss 'true' optimalprobes in a considerable proportion. We have developed a software tool,called CommOligo using new algorithms and all three criteria forselection of optimal oligonucleotide probes. A series of filters,including sequence identity, free energy, continuous stretch, GC content,self-annealing, distance to the 3'-untranslated region (3'-UTR) andmelting temperature (Tm), are used to check each possibleoligonucleotide. A sequence identity is calculated based on gapped globalalignments. A traversal algorithm is used to generate alignments for freeenergy calculation. The optimal Tm interval is determined based on probecandidates that have passed all other filters. Final probes are pickedusing a combination of user-configurable piece-wise linear functions andan iterative process. The thresholds for identity, stretch and freeenergy filters are automatically determined from experimental data by anaccessory software tool, CommOligo_PE (CommOligo Parameter Estimator).The program was used to design probes for both whole-genome and highlyhomologous sequence data. CommOligo and CommOligo_PE are freely availableto academic users upon request.

  20. Application of an integrated multi-criteria decision making AHP-TOPSIS methodology for ETL software selection.

    PubMed

    Hanine, Mohamed; Boutkhoum, Omar; Tikniouine, Abdessadek; Agouti, Tarik

    2016-01-01

    Actually, a set of ETL software (Extract, Transform and Load) is available to constitute a major investment market. Each ETL uses its own techniques for extracting, transforming and loading data into data warehouse, which makes the task of evaluating ETL software very difficult. However, choosing the right software of ETL is critical to the success or failure of any Business Intelligence project. As there are many impacting factors in the selection of ETL software, the same process is considered as a complex multi-criteria decision making (MCDM) problem. In this study, an application of decision-making methodology that employs the two well-known MCDM techniques, namely Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) and Technique for Order Preference by Similarity to Ideal Solution (TOPSIS) methods is designed. In this respect, the aim of using AHP is to analyze the structure of the ETL software selection problem and obtain weights of the selected criteria. Then, TOPSIS technique is used to calculate the alternatives' ratings. An example is given to illustrate the proposed methodology. Finally, a software prototype for demonstrating both methods is implemented.

  1. Application of an integrated multi-criteria decision making AHP-TOPSIS methodology for ETL software selection.

    PubMed

    Hanine, Mohamed; Boutkhoum, Omar; Tikniouine, Abdessadek; Agouti, Tarik

    2016-01-01

    Actually, a set of ETL software (Extract, Transform and Load) is available to constitute a major investment market. Each ETL uses its own techniques for extracting, transforming and loading data into data warehouse, which makes the task of evaluating ETL software very difficult. However, choosing the right software of ETL is critical to the success or failure of any Business Intelligence project. As there are many impacting factors in the selection of ETL software, the same process is considered as a complex multi-criteria decision making (MCDM) problem. In this study, an application of decision-making methodology that employs the two well-known MCDM techniques, namely Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) and Technique for Order Preference by Similarity to Ideal Solution (TOPSIS) methods is designed. In this respect, the aim of using AHP is to analyze the structure of the ETL software selection problem and obtain weights of the selected criteria. Then, TOPSIS technique is used to calculate the alternatives' ratings. An example is given to illustrate the proposed methodology. Finally, a software prototype for demonstrating both methods is implemented. PMID:27006872

  2. Goal-Oriented Down-Selection Criteria for Fusion Space Propulsion Based on a Concept's Physical Limitations

    SciTech Connect

    Orth, C D

    2000-11-01

    We propose that rational down-selection criteria for fusion space propulsion should be based on the goals for NASA's future missions, and in particular, on performance goals. Specifically, if the ultimate long-range performance for a certain fusion concept for a particular mission cannot exceed that expected for an economically and environmentally viable fission-propulsion system, which is obviously based on a more mature technology than the fusion system, NASA should not spend the time and resources required to develop that fusion system. We also propose consideration of inherent physical constraints for each space-propulsion concept, because the physical constraints can limit a concept's ultimate performance. Such constraints can thus make a concept subject to down-selection even though there are currently large uncertainties in a particular system's ultimate performance, projected cost of development, or even ''proof-of-principle'' status. One way to impose such goal-oriented criteria is to require all viable fusion concepts for a given mission to have an alpha (i.e., a ratio of dry mass to jet power) less than a maximum that corresponds to the performance of the fission systems. Specifically, using a Mars roundtrip as an example, we discuss how physical limitations in target gain and nozzle physics can preclude a concept achieving the required alpha. This goal-oriented approach for down-selection based on physical constraints can help NASA know up front where to wisely spend its R&D funds.

  3. Criteria for site selection and frequency allocation (keynote paper), part 5

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Rottger, J.

    1985-01-01

    Technical aspects of mesosphere-stratosphere-troposphere (MST) Radar on site and frequency selection were discussed. Recommendations on site selections are presented. Tests of interference will be conducted before selecting a site. A small directional antenna may be suitable to simulate sidelobe sensitivity of radars however, sophisticated data-processing methods make system sensitivity extremely good. The use of the complete data system to look for interference is recommended. There is the difficulty of allocation of frequencies -- almost continuous use by these radars will be made when the band 40 to 60 MHz is allocated to other services.

  4. Optimal site selection for sitting a solar park using multi-criteria decision analysis and geographical information systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Georgiou, Andreas; Skarlatos, Dimitrios

    2016-07-01

    Among the renewable power sources, solar power is rapidly becoming popular because it is inexhaustible, clean, and dependable. It has also become more efficient since the power conversion efficiency of photovoltaic solar cells has increased. Following these trends, solar power will become more affordable in years to come and considerable investments are to be expected. Despite the size of solar plants, the sitting procedure is a crucial factor for their efficiency and financial viability. Many aspects influence such a decision: legal, environmental, technical, and financial to name a few. This paper describes a general integrated framework to evaluate land suitability for the optimal placement of photovoltaic solar power plants, which is based on a combination of a geographic information system (GIS), remote sensing techniques, and multi-criteria decision-making methods. An application of the proposed framework for the Limassol district in Cyprus is further illustrated. The combination of a GIS and multi-criteria methods produces an excellent analysis tool that creates an extensive database of spatial and non-spatial data, which will be used to simplify problems as well as solve and promote the use of multiple criteria. A set of environmental, economic, social, and technical constrains, based on recent Cypriot legislation, European's Union policies, and expert advice, identifies the potential sites for solar park installation. The pairwise comparison method in the context of the analytic hierarchy process (AHP) is applied to estimate the criteria weights in order to establish their relative importance in site evaluation. In addition, four different methods to combine information layers and check their sensitivity were used. The first considered all the criteria as being equally important and assigned them equal weight, whereas the others grouped the criteria and graded them according to their objective perceived importance. The overall suitability of the study

  5. Evidence for the safety of gum tragacanth (Asiatic Astragalus spp.) and modern criteria for the evaluation of food additives.

    PubMed

    Anderson, D M

    1989-01-01

    Gum tragacanth (GT), affirmed as GRAS within the USA since 1961, was evaluated as 'ADI not specified' by JECFA in 1985. Within the EEC, GT has been permitted temporarily as a food additive (E413), without an ADI, since 1974; a decision regarding its permanent status must be reached before the end of 1988. This review collates the dietary, toxicological, immunological and chemical data available and presents the pre-requisite data concerning the 'Need' and low levels of utilization of GT.

  6. Comments on 'Improved delay-dependent stability criteria for continuous systems with two additive time-varying delay components'

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ramakrishnan, K.; Venkatachalam, V.; Ray, G.

    2015-07-01

    In this write-up, comments on the omission of few important inequality conditions (or constraints) in the LMI optimization problem stated as delay-dependent stability criterion for a class of linear systems with two additive time-varying state-delays in Cheng et al. (2014) is reported. The omission paves way to incorrectness of the published result. The consequence of the omission, and the revised result are presented in the sequel.

  7. Industry-Sponsored Dental Health Teaching Aids: Selection Criteria and Program Examples.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Travis, Donna L.

    1982-01-01

    Ten questions are provided to facilitate selection and evaluation of materials for a dental health curriculum. Examples of industry-sponsored dental health programs available free or at minimal cost are given. (JN)

  8. Changing Pattern of Donor Selection Criteria in Deceased Donor Liver Transplant: A Review of Literature

    PubMed Central

    Routh, Dronacharya; Naidu, Sudeep; Sharma, Sanjay; Ranjan, Priya; Godara, Rajesh

    2013-01-01

    During the last couple of decades, with standardization and progress in surgical techniques, immunosuppression and post liver transplantation patient care, the outcome of liver transplantation has been optimized. However, the principal limitation of transplantation remains access to an allograft. The number of patients who could derive benefit from liver transplantation markedly exceeds the number of available deceased donors. The large gap between the growing list of patients waiting for liver transplantation and the scarcity of donor organs has fueled efforts to maximize existing donor pool and identify new avenues. This article reviews the changing pattern of donor for liver transplantation using grafts from extended criteria donors (elderly donors, steatotic donors, donors with malignancies, donors with viral hepatitis), donation after cardiac death, use of partial grafts (split liver grafts) and other suboptimal donors (hypernatremia, infections, hypotension and inotropic support). PMID:25755521

  9. Baha-mediated rehabilitation of patients with unilateral deafness: selection criteria.

    PubMed

    Saroul, N; Akkari, M; Pavier, Y; Gilain, L; Mom, T

    2014-01-01

    The aim of our study was to identify clinical criteria for optimizing rehabilitation of patients with unilateral deafness using the Baha device. We made a retrospective study of 102 patients with unilateral deafness requesting auditory rehabilitation over a period of 5 years. All subjects underwent a series of stereo audiometric tests, with and without Baha worn on a headband, and were then referred to a hearing care specialist for a real life trial of 15 days. The Glasgow Health Status Inventory (GHSI) questionnaire was administered. Patients refusing the implantation were retrospectively submitted to a questionnaire specifically designed to ask the reasons for refusal. We measured stereo audiometric test results, age, aetiology of deafness, duration of auditory deprivation on the rehabilitated ear, and GHSI score. At the conclusion of testing, the implantation rate was 29%. During preoperative testing, the improvement in understanding of speech-in-noise was 22 ± 11% for patients agreeing to the implantation versus 13 ± 11% for patients refusing the implantation. Age, aetiology of deafness and duration of auditory deprivation had no influence on the implantation decision. Speech-in-noise testing and aided stereo audiometric gain were the only two measures showing statistically significant differences between the groups agreeing to and refusing the implantation. There were multiple reasons for refusal of the implantation. Among these, the four principal reasons were: absence of perceived benefit during stereo audiometric testing (59%), requirement for surgery (35%), cost of the solution (44%), and aesthetics (41%). Hence, no other criteria except the preoperative improvement in understanding of speech-in-noise and the aided gain from Baha worn on a headband were found to be predictive of the patient's acceptance of surgical implantation of a bone-anchored implant/abutment for Baha. Speech-in-noise testing with and without Baha worn on a headband has a role to

  10. Cardiac health for astronauts: coronary calcification scores and CRP as criteria for selection and retention.

    PubMed

    Hamilton, Douglas R; Murray, Jocelyn D; Ball, Chad G

    2006-04-01

    Due to the limited treatment and return capabilities of most space vehicles, an in-flight cardiac event could result in significant mission impact or even failure. The current literature supports including electron-beam computed tomography (EBCT) and highly selective C-reactive protein (hsCRP) for diagnosis of coronary artery disease (CAD) in asymptomatic, low-pretest probability cohorts. This paper will examine the issues surrounding adding these tests to astronaut retention and selection algorithms. An evidenced-based literature review was performed and consensus obtained from subject-matter experts to create novel cardiac screening algorithms for astronaut applicants and the current astronaut corps. The main focus of this paper is to derive an evidenced-based approach for improving the diagnosis of significant CAD using EBCT and hsCRP testing. The recommended initial astronaut selection and long-duration mission assignment screening algorithms use EBCT-derived calcium scores and serum hsCRP levels to screen for CAD and predict individual cardiac risk. The current medical evidence is compelling for the international space medicine community to consider: (1) Astronaut candidates with a coronary artery calcium score >0 should be disqualified from initial selection; (2) Astronauts with a coronary artery calcium score >100 should be disqualified from selection for long-duration missions; (3) Elevated hsCRP is a reliable risk factor for helping predict future cardiac events that should warrant primary prevention but not necessarily medical disqualification. PMID:16676648

  11. Electrode Selection for Noninvasive Fetal Electrocardiogram Extraction using Mutual Information Criteria

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sameni, R.; Vrins, F.; Parmentier, F.; Hérail, C.; Vigneron, V.; Verleysen, M.; Jutten, C.; Shamsollahi, M. B.

    2006-11-01

    Blind source separation (BSS) techniques have revealed to be promising approaches for the noninvasive extraction of fetal cardiac signals from maternal abdominal recordings. From previous studies, it is now believed that a carefully selected array of electrodes well-placed over the abdomen of a pregnant woman contains the required `information' for BSS, to extract the complete fetal components. Based on this idea, previous works have involved array recording systems and sensor selection strategies based on the Mutual Information (MI) criterion. In this paper the previous works have been extended, by considering the 3-dimensional aspects of the cardiac electrical activity. The proposed method has been tested on simulated and real maternal abdominal recordings. The results show that the new sensor selection strategy together with the MI criterion, can be effectively used to select the channels containing the most `information' concerning the fetal ECG components from an array of 72 recordings. The method is hence believed to be useful for the selection of the most informative channels in online applications, considering the different fetal positions and movements.

  12. Cardiac health for astronauts: coronary calcification scores and CRP as criteria for selection and retention.

    PubMed

    Hamilton, Douglas R; Murray, Jocelyn D; Ball, Chad G

    2006-04-01

    Due to the limited treatment and return capabilities of most space vehicles, an in-flight cardiac event could result in significant mission impact or even failure. The current literature supports including electron-beam computed tomography (EBCT) and highly selective C-reactive protein (hsCRP) for diagnosis of coronary artery disease (CAD) in asymptomatic, low-pretest probability cohorts. This paper will examine the issues surrounding adding these tests to astronaut retention and selection algorithms. An evidenced-based literature review was performed and consensus obtained from subject-matter experts to create novel cardiac screening algorithms for astronaut applicants and the current astronaut corps. The main focus of this paper is to derive an evidenced-based approach for improving the diagnosis of significant CAD using EBCT and hsCRP testing. The recommended initial astronaut selection and long-duration mission assignment screening algorithms use EBCT-derived calcium scores and serum hsCRP levels to screen for CAD and predict individual cardiac risk. The current medical evidence is compelling for the international space medicine community to consider: (1) Astronaut candidates with a coronary artery calcium score >0 should be disqualified from initial selection; (2) Astronauts with a coronary artery calcium score >100 should be disqualified from selection for long-duration missions; (3) Elevated hsCRP is a reliable risk factor for helping predict future cardiac events that should warrant primary prevention but not necessarily medical disqualification.

  13. Site selection: Past and present. [Social planning criteria for Nuclear Power Plant siting

    SciTech Connect

    Tilford, N.R. )

    1994-06-01

    Site selection has been going on since the earliest times. The process has evolved through the Industrial Revolution to the present period of exploding population and environmental awareness. Now the work must be done both with increasing sophistication and greater transparency. Modern techniques for site selection have been developed during the last two decades or so, utilizing a teachable body of knowledge and a growing literature. Many firms and individuals have contributed to this growing field. The driving force has been the need for such a process in siting and licensing of critical facilities such as nuclear power plants. A list of crucial, documented steps for identifying social impacts and acceptability are provided. A recent innovation is the self-selection method developed by government. The Superconducting Supercollider serves as an example of this approach. Geological or geologically dependent factors often dominate the process. The role as engineering and environmental geoscientists is to provide responsible leadership, consultation, and communication to the effort.

  14. Ultrasonic online monitoring of additive manufacturing processes based on selective laser melting

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rieder, Hans; Dillhöfer, Alexander; Spies, Martin; Bamberg, Joachim; Hess, Thomas

    2015-03-01

    Additive manufacturing processes have become commercially available and are particularly interesting for the production of free-formed parts. Selective laser melting allows to manufacture components by localized melting of successive layers of metal powder. In order to be able to describe and to understand the complex dynamics of selective laser melting processes more accurately, online measurements using ultrasound have been performed for the first time. In this contribution, we report on the integration of the measurement technique into the manufacturing facility and on a variety of promising monitoring results.

  15. The Perceptions of School Administrators on the Selection Criteria and Training of Cooperating Teachers; Strategies to Foster Collaboration between Universities Public Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Magaya, Amuhelang; Crawley, Thomas

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to survey and examine the selection criteria used by school districts administrators to select cooperating teachers to work with student teachers in Central New Jersey. Furthermore, the study sought out the perceptions of school district administrators with regards to the selection process and training of cooperating…

  16. Systematic review of randomised controlled trials of interventions for painful shoulder: selection criteria, outcome assessment, and efficacy.

    PubMed Central

    Green, S.; Buchbinder, R.; Glazier, R.; Forbes, A.

    1998-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To review the efficacy of common interventions for shoulder pain. DESIGN: All randomised controlled trials of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, intra-articular and subacromial glucocorticosteroid injection, oral glucocorticosteroid treatment, physiotherapy, manipulation under anaesthesia, hydrodilatation, and surgery for shoulder pain that were identified by computerised and hand searches of the literature and had a blinded assessment of outcome were included. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Methodological quality (score out of 40), selection criteria, and outcome measures. Effect sizes were calculated and combined in a pooled analysis if study population, end point, and intervention were comparable. RESULTS: Thirty one trials met inclusion criteria. Mean methodological quality score was 16.8 (9.5-22). Selection criteria varied widely, even for the same diagnostic label. There was no uniformity in the outcome measures used, and their measurement properties were rarely reported. Effect sizes for individual trials were small (range -1.4 to 3.0). The results of only three studies investigating "rotator cuff tendinitis" could be pooled. The only positive finding was that subacromial steroid injection is better than placebo in improving the range of abduction (weighted difference between means 35 degrees (95% confidence interval 14 to 55)). CONCLUSIONS: There is little evidence to support or refute the efficacy of common interventions for shoulder pain. As well as the need for further well designed clinical trials, more research is needed to establish a uniform method of defining shoulder disorders and developing outcome measures which are valid, reliable, and responsive in affected people. PMID:9487172

  17. An Evaluation of Information Criteria Use for Correct Cross-Classified Random Effects Model Selection

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beretvas, S. Natasha; Murphy, Daniel L.

    2013-01-01

    The authors assessed correct model identification rates of Akaike's information criterion (AIC), corrected criterion (AICC), consistent AIC (CAIC), Hannon and Quinn's information criterion (HQIC), and Bayesian information criterion (BIC) for selecting among cross-classified random effects models. Performance of default values for the 5…

  18. The Discriminatory Impact of Non-Adherence to Leadership Selection Criteria: The Case of Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moss, Gloria; Daunton, Lyn

    2006-01-01

    Purpose: This research aims to fill a gap in the literature concerning the extent to which recruitment interviewers may substitute leadership capability sets (CSs) differing from those in the job specification (JS). Design/methodology/approach: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with senior personnel involved in senior staff selection in a…

  19. 34 CFR 425.21 - What selection criteria does the Secretary use?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... VOCATIONAL AND ACADEMIC LEARNING PROGRAM How Does the Secretary Make an Award? § 425.21 What selection... integrating vocational and academic learning; and (2) The quality of the services that the project will... vocational and academic learning, and produce benefits that are of national significance. (c) Plan...

  20. A Case Study Analysis of Middle School Principals' Teacher Selection Criteria

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Woodburn, Jane Lai

    2012-01-01

    The hiring of middle school teachers to positively impact student achievement--is this a process of teacher selection or teacher attraction for schools, respectively, with low teacher turnover and schools with high teacher turnover? Since research indicates that the most important variable influencing student achievement is having a highly…

  1. Career Choices, Job Selection Criteria, and Leadership Preferences in a Transitional Nation: The Case of Turkey.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aycan, Zeynep; Fikret-Pasa, Selda

    2003-01-01

    Survey responses from 1,213 Turkish management students indicated that the most motivating factors in job selection were power and authority, peaceful work environment, career advancement opportunities, and pay. Least motivating were close supervision, supervisor praise, performance feedback and a sense of belonging. Charismatic leadership style…

  2. 34 CFR 379.30 - What selection criteria does the Secretary use under this program?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... feasibility of proposed strategies and methods for achieving project goals and objectives for competitive... this program? (a) The Secretary uses the procedures in 34 CFR part 75 to select applications and award... demonstrated a demand in the competitive labor market of the geographic area to be served for the types of...

  3. Bedside Teaching: general and discipline-specific teacher characteristics, criteria for patient selection and difficulties

    PubMed Central

    Dybowski, Christoph; Harendza, Sigrid

    2013-01-01

    Objective: With regard to bedside teaching (BST), which has an important function in medical education for practicing history taking and clinical examination, only few studies can be found which define recommendations for its realization. However, difficulties with this teaching method are often reported in evaluations. Hence, the goal of this study is to collect important general requirements for bedside teaching and to identify important aspects of patient selection. Methods: A newly designed questionnaire with closed and open questions concerning the organisation, the execution and the design of BST as well as patient selection was sent to a total of 134 teachers from the departments of surgery, internal medicine and psychiatry. The collected data were analysed using quantitative and qualitative methods. Results: Teachers from internal medicine were significantly older than teachers from both other disciplines. In surgery, a significantly higher number of hours was taught by younger residents. Patient consent and the match of their diseases to the learning objectives were stated to be the most important factors for patient selection across disciplines. Psychiatrists put significantly more emphasis on patients’ German language skills according to their own declaration. By trend, an acute deterioration of the state of health was mentioned more often in surgery to lead to an exclusion from BST. Conclusion: With regard to planning of content, organisation and patient selection for BST, aspects mentioned by teachers as well as discipline specific characteristics should be considered for and addressed during teacher trainings. PMID:23737920

  4. 34 CFR 491.21 - What selection criteria does the Secretary use?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... to— (i) Assistance with food and shelter; (ii) Alcohol and drug abuse counseling; (iii) Individual... otherwise eligible to participate are selected without regard to race, color, national origin, gender, age... race, color, national origin, gender, age, or handicapping condition. (2) To determine...

  5. 34 CFR 491.21 - What selection criteria does the Secretary use?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... to— (i) Assistance with food and shelter; (ii) Alcohol and drug abuse counseling; (iii) Individual... otherwise eligible to participate are selected without regard to race, color, national origin, gender, age... race, color, national origin, gender, age, or handicapping condition. (2) To determine...

  6. 34 CFR 367.22 - What selection criteria does the Secretary use?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... otherwise eligible to participate are selected without regard to race, color, national origin, gender, age... race, color, national origin, gender, age, or disability; and (v) The extent to which the applicant, as...: See 34 CFR 75.590.) (f) Adequacy of resources (5 points). The Secretary reviews each application...

  7. 34 CFR 415.21 - What selection criteria does the Secretary use?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Department's Program Effectiveness Panel as defined in 34 CFR 400.4(b). (e) Demonstration and dissemination... eligible to participate are selected without regard to race, color, national origin, gender, age, or... employment without regard to race, color, national origin, gender, age, or disability. (2) To...

  8. 34 CFR 367.22 - What selection criteria does the Secretary use?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...: See 34 CFR 75.590.) (f) Adequacy of resources (5 points). The Secretary reviews each application to... otherwise eligible to participate are selected without regard to race, color, national origin, gender, age... race, color, national origin, gender, age, or disability; and (v) The extent to which the applicant,...

  9. Physiological, physical and on-ice performance criteria for selection of elite ice hockey teams

    PubMed Central

    Roczniok, R; Stanula, A; Mostowik, A; Kowalczyk, M; Fidos-Czuba, O; Zając, A

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine physiological and physical determinants of ice-hockey performance in order to assess their impact on the result during a selection for ice hockey. A total of 42 ice hockey players took part in the selection camp. At the end of the camp 20 best players were selected by team of expert coaches to the ice hockey team and created group G1, while the second group (G2) consisted of not selected players (non-successful group Evaluation of goodness of fit of the model to the data was based on the Hosmer Lemeshow test. Ice hockey players selected to the team were taller 181.95±4.02 cm, had lower% body fat 13.17±3.17%, a shorter time to peak power 2.47±0.35 s, higher relative peak power 21.34±2.41 W·kg−1 and higher relative total work 305.18±28.41 J·kg−1. The results of the aerobic capacity test showed significant differences only in case of two variables. Ice hockey players in the G1 had higher VO2max 4.07±0.31 l·min−1 values than players in the G2 as well as ice hockey players in G1 showed a higher level of relative VO2max 51.75±2.99 ml·min−1·kg−1 than athletes in G2. Ice hockey players selected to the team (G1) performed better in the 30 m Forwards Sprint 4.28±0.31 s; 6x9 Turns 12.19±0.75 s; 6x9 stops 12.79±0.49 s and Endurance test (6x30 m stops) 32.01±0.80 s than players in G2. The logistic regression model showed that the best predictors of success in the recruitment process of top level ice hockey players were time to peak power, relative peak power, VO2max and 30 m sprint forwards on ice. On the basis of the constructed predictive logistic regression model it will be possible to determine the probability of success of the athletes during following the selection processes to the team. PMID:26985133

  10. Donor selection criteria for liver transplantation in Argentina: are current standards too rigorous?

    PubMed

    Dirchwolf, Melisa; Ruf, Andrés E; Biggins, Scott W; Bisigniano, Liliana; Hansen Krogh, Daniela; Villamil, Federico G

    2015-02-01

    Organ shortage is the major limitation for the growth of deceased donor liver transplant worldwide. One strategy to ameliorate this problem is to maximize the liver utilization rate. To assess predictors of liver utilization in Argentina. The national database was used to analyze transplant activity in 2010. Donor, recipient, and transplant variables were evaluated as predictors of graft utilization of number of rejected donor offers before grafting and with the occurrence of primary nonfunction (PNF) or early post-transplant mortality (EM). Of the 582 deceased donors, 293 (50.3%) were recovered for liver transplant. Variables associated with the nonrecovery of the liver were age ≥46 years, umbilical perimeter ≥92 cm, organ procurement outside Gran Buenos Aires, AST ≥42 U/l and ALT ≥29 U/l. The median number of rejected offers before grafting was 4, and in 71 patients (25%), there were ≥13. The only independent predictor for the occurrence of PNF (3.4%) or EM (5.2%) was the recipient's emergency status. During 2010 in Argentina, the liver was recovered in only half of donors. The low incidence of PNF and EM and the characteristics of the nonrecovered liver donors suggest that organ acceptance criteria should be less rigorous.

  11. Alternative selection of processing additives to enhance the lifetime of OPVs

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kettle, J.; Waters, H.; Horie, M.; Smith, G. C.

    2016-03-01

    The use of processing additives is known to accelerate the degradation of organic photovoltaics (OPVs) and therefore, this paper studies the impact of selecting alternative processing additives for PCPDTBT:PC71BM solar cells in order to improve the stability. The use of naphthalene-based processing additives has been undertaken, which is shown to reduce the initial power conversion efficiency by 23%-42%, primarily due to a decrease in the short-circuit current density, but also fill factor. However, the stability is greatly enhanced by using such additives, with the long term stability (T 50%) enhanced by a factor of four. The results show that there is a trade-off between initial performance and stability to consider when selecting the initial process additives. XPS studies have provided some insight into the decreased degradation and show that using 1-chloronaphthalene (ClN) leads to reduced morphology changes and reduced oxidation of the thiophene-ring within the PCPDTBT backbone.

  12. Modulation of orientation-selective neurons by motion: when additive, when multiplicative?

    PubMed Central

    Lüdge, Torsten; Urbanczik, Robert; Senn, Walter

    2014-01-01

    The recurrent interaction among orientation-selective neurons in the primary visual cortex (V1) is suited to enhance contours in a noisy visual scene. Motion is known to have a strong pop-up effect in perceiving contours, but how motion-sensitive neurons in V1 support contour detection remains vastly elusive. Here we suggest how the various types of motion-sensitive neurons observed in V1 should be wired together in a micro-circuitry to optimally extract contours in the visual scene. Motion-sensitive neurons can be selective about the direction of motion occurring at some spot or respond equally to all directions (pandirectional). We show that, in the light of figure-ground segregation, direction-selective motion neurons should additively modulate the corresponding orientation-selective neurons with preferred orientation orthogonal to the motion direction. In turn, to maximally enhance contours, pandirectional motion neurons should multiplicatively modulate all orientation-selective neurons with co-localized receptive fields. This multiplicative modulation amplifies the local V1-circuitry among co-aligned orientation-selective neurons for detecting elongated contours. We suggest that the additive modulation by direction-specific motion neurons is achieved through synaptic projections to the somatic region, and the multiplicative modulation by pandirectional motion neurons through projections to the apical region of orientation-specific pyramidal neurons. For the purpose of contour detection, the V1-intrinsic integration of motion information is advantageous over a downstream integration as it exploits the recurrent V1-circuitry designed for that task. PMID:24999328

  13. Prognostic Health Monitoring System: Component Selection Based on Risk Criteria and Economic Benefit Assessment

    SciTech Connect

    Binh T. Pham; Vivek Agarwal; Nancy J Lybeck; Magdy S Tawfik

    2012-05-01

    Prognostic health monitoring (PHM) is a proactive approach to monitor the ability of structures, systems, and components (SSCs) to withstand structural, thermal, and chemical loadings over the SSCs planned service lifespans. The current efforts to extend the operational license lifetime of the aging fleet of U.S. nuclear power plants from 40 to 60 years and beyond can benefit from a systematic application of PHM technology. Implementing a PHM system would strengthen the safety of nuclear power plants, reduce plant outage time, and reduce operation and maintenance costs. However, a nuclear power plant has thousands of SSCs, so implementing a PHM system that covers all SSCs requires careful planning and prioritization. This paper therefore focuses on a component selection that is based on the analysis of a component's failure probability, risk, and cost. Ultimately, the decision on component selection depend on the overall economical benefits arising from safety and operational considerations associated with implementing the PHM system.

  14. Decision criteria for the selection of wet oxidation and conventional biological treatment.

    PubMed

    Collado, Sergio; Laca, Adriana; Diaz, Mario

    2012-07-15

    The suitability of wet oxidation or biological treatments for the degradation of industrial wastewaters is here discussed. Advantages of these operations, either singly or in combination, are discussed on the basis of previous experimental results from laboratory and industry. Decision diagrams for the selection of conventional biological treatment, wet oxidation or a combination of both techniques are suggested according to the type of pollutant, its concentration and the wastewater flow rate.

  15. 15 CFR 923.125 - Criteria for section 309 project selection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... Trade (Continued) NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE OCEAN AND COASTAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT COASTAL ZONE MANAGEMENT PROGRAM REGULATIONS Coastal Zone Enhancement Grants... funding proposals of special merit which may be funded under 15 CFR 932.4(e). (2) In addition to...

  16. 15 CFR 923.125 - Criteria for section 309 project selection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Trade (Continued) NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE OCEAN AND COASTAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT COASTAL ZONE MANAGEMENT PROGRAM REGULATIONS Coastal Zone Enhancement Grants... funding proposals of special merit which may be funded under 15 CFR 932.4(e). (2) In addition to...

  17. 15 CFR 923.125 - Criteria for section 309 project selection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... Trade (Continued) NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE OCEAN AND COASTAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT COASTAL ZONE MANAGEMENT PROGRAM REGULATIONS Coastal Zone Enhancement Grants... funding proposals of special merit which may be funded under 15 CFR 932.4(e). (2) In addition to...

  18. 15 CFR 923.125 - Criteria for section 309 project selection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... Trade (Continued) NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE OCEAN AND COASTAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT COASTAL ZONE MANAGEMENT PROGRAM REGULATIONS Coastal Zone Enhancement Grants... funding proposals of special merit which may be funded under 15 CFR 932.4(e). (2) In addition to...

  19. 15 CFR 923.125 - Criteria for section 309 project selection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Trade (Continued) NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE OCEAN AND COASTAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT COASTAL ZONE MANAGEMENT PROGRAM REGULATIONS Coastal Zone Enhancement Grants... funding proposals of special merit which may be funded under 15 CFR 932.4(e). (2) In addition to...

  20. Site selection for managed aquifer recharge using fuzzy rules: integrating geographical information system (GIS) tools and multi-criteria decision making

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Malekmohammadi, Bahram; Ramezani Mehrian, Majid; Jafari, Hamid Reza

    2012-11-01

    One of the most important water-resources management strategies for arid lands is managed aquifer recharge (MAR). In establishing a MAR scheme, site selection is the prime prerequisite that can be assisted by geographic information system (GIS) tools. One of the most important uncertainties in the site-selection process using GIS is finite ranges or intervals resulting from data classification. In order to reduce these uncertainties, a novel method has been developed involving the integration of multi-criteria decision making (MCDM), GIS, and a fuzzy inference system (FIS). The Shemil-Ashkara plain in the Hormozgan Province of Iran was selected as the case study; slope, geology, groundwater depth, potential for runoff, land use, and groundwater electrical conductivity have been considered as site-selection factors. By defining fuzzy membership functions for the input layers and the output layer, and by constructing fuzzy rules, a FIS has been developed. Comparison of the results produced by the proposed method and the traditional simple additive weighted (SAW) method shows that the proposed method yields more precise results. In conclusion, fuzzy-set theory can be an effective method to overcome associated uncertainties in classification of geographic information data.