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Sample records for additional teachers instructional

  1. Teachers as Instructional Leaders.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kenney, Jane L.; Roberts, Jane M. E.

    This study examined the roles, functions, and effectiveness of a group of teachers who became Instructional Leaders (ILs), assuming major responsibility for assuring the implementation of a voluntary school improvement program within their respective schools. The program, called SITIP (School Improvement Through Instructional Process), and…

  2. Instructional Partners, Principals, Teachers, and Instructional Assistants.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Indiana State Dept. of Public Instruction, Indianapolis.

    This handbook examines various topics of interest and concern to teachers as they work with instructional assistants forming a classroom instructional partnership and functioning as a team. These topics include: (1) instructional assistant qualifications; (2) duties--instructional, classroom clerical, auxillary; (3) factors to be considered when…

  3. Child Development. Teacher's Instructional Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cheatham, Joyce

    This teacher's instructional guide, which is part of a family and consumer sciences education series focusing on a broad range of employment opportunities, is intended to assist teachers responsible for teaching one- and two-year child development programs for Texas high school students. The following are among the items included: (1) introductory…

  4. Interior Design: Teacher's Instructional Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hays, Tricia

    This teacher's instructional guide, which is part of a family and consumer sciences education series focusing on a broad range of employment opportunities, is intended to assist teachers responsible for teaching one- and two-year interior design programs for Texas high school students. The following are among the items included: (1) introductory…

  5. Preparing Teachers for Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crum, J. Wesley

    1977-01-01

    Reviews effective ways to provide preservice and inservice education for elementary school and secondary school teachers regarding aerospace education. Concludes that aerospace education has a relatively low priority in most teacher education programs. (CS)

  6. Apparel. Teacher's Instructional Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rambo, Patti

    This instructional guide for a one-half credit technological laboratory course for grades 10-12 focuses on apparel from the perspectives of personal decision making related to apparel, the apparel industry, and career preparation. Introductory materials are a course description; overview of course design; facilities, equipment, and resources; and…

  7. Using "Instructional Routines" to Differentiate Instruction: A Guide for Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kosanovich, Marcia

    2012-01-01

    Differentiated instruction means matching instruction to meet the different needs of learners. To deliver the wide range of instruction required to accommodate differing levels of learners in a classroom, teachers must use data-informed, small group instruction designed specifically to meet students' needs (Kosanovich, Ladinsky, Nelson, Torgesen,…

  8. Differentiating Science Instruction: Secondary Science Teachers' Practices

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maeng, Jennifer L.; Bell, Randy L.

    2015-01-01

    This descriptive study investigated the implementation practices of secondary science teachers who differentiate instruction. Participants included seven high school science teachers purposefully selected from four different schools located in a mid-Atlantic state. Purposeful selection ensured participants included differentiated instruction (DI)…

  9. Preservice Teacher Application of Differentiated Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dee, Amy Lynn

    2011-01-01

    Successfully implementing the practice of inclusion by differentiating instruction depends on both the skills and attitudes of general education teachers. New general education teachers who are entering the field are particularly vulnerable to the demands and stress of the profession, and teacher education programs must prepare preservice teachers…

  10. Elementary Teachers Negotiating Discourses in Writing Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCarthey, Sarah J.; Woodard, Rebecca; Kang, Grace

    2014-01-01

    Using Ivanic's (2004) framework, the study of 20 elementary teachers examines the relationships among teachers' beliefs about writing, their instructional practices, and contextual factors. While the district-adopted curriculum reflected specific discourses, teachers' beliefs and practices reflected a combination of discourses. The nature of the…

  11. Differentiating Science Instruction: Secondary science teachers' practices

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Maeng, Jennifer L.; Bell, Randy L.

    2015-09-01

    This descriptive study investigated the implementation practices of secondary science teachers who differentiate instruction. Participants included seven high school science teachers purposefully selected from four different schools located in a mid-Atlantic state. Purposeful selection ensured participants included differentiated instruction (DI) in their lesson implementation. Data included semi-structured interviews and field notes from a minimum of four classroom observations, selected to capture the variety of differentiation strategies employed. These data were analyzed using a constant-comparative approach. Each classroom observation was scored using the validated Differentiated Instruction Implementation Matrix-Modified, which captured both the extent to which critical indicators of DI were present in teachers' instruction and the performance levels at which they engaged in these components of DI. Results indicated participants implemented a variety of differentiation strategies in their classrooms with varying proficiency. Evidence suggested all participants used instructional modifications that required little advance preparation to accommodate differences in students' interests and learning profile. Four of the seven participants implemented more complex instructional strategies that required substantial advance preparation by the teacher. Most significantly, this study provides practical strategies for in-service science teachers beginning to differentiate instruction and recommendations for professional development and preservice science teacher education.

  12. Teachers' Adaptive Instruction Supporting Students' Literacy Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vaughn, Margaret; Parsons, Seth A.; Gallagher, Melissa A.; Branen, Jeneille

    2016-01-01

    Adaptive teaching is an instructional approach where differences among learners are clearly recognized. For the last decade, our research team has studied literacy teachers' instructional adaptations in numerous classrooms in different regions of the United States. In this article, we share conclusions and insights from this longitudinal research.…

  13. Teacher Aide Individually Prescribed Instructional Modules.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Livingston Univ., AL. Coll. of Education.

    This document contains 59 individually prescribed instructional modules for use in teacher aide education programs. Each module has six sections: 1) Behavioral objectives, 2) purpose, 3) performance criteria, 4) experiences, 5) resources, and 6) taxonomy. The subjects covered include the use of instructional equipment such as language master,…

  14. Consumer and Family Economics: Teacher's Instructional Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dennis, Bobbye

    This teacher's instructional guide, which is part of a family and consumer sciences education series focusing on a broad range of employment opportunities, is intended to assist teachers responsible for teaching one- and two-year consumer and family economics programs for Texas high school students. The following are among the items included: (1)…

  15. Examining First Grade Teachers' Handwriting Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arslan, Derya

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to examine the first grade teachers' practices of handwriting instructions in terms of teaching, evaluation and handwriting difficulties. From qualitative research patterns, phenomenology was used. The study was applied to the 54 First grade teachers who work at central Burdur and Burdur county centre primary education…

  16. Teachers Using Data to Improve Mathematics Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wieman, Robert Morgan

    2012-01-01

    Many stakeholders have long argued that teachers should use data from their own teaching as a way to improve their performance. The first chapter of this dissertation is a summary of the literature that advises mathematics teachers about what data they should gather and how they should use those data to improve instruction. The literature is…

  17. Transforming teacher knowledge: Modeling instruction in physics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cabot, Lloyd H.

    I show that the Modeling physics curriculum is readily accommodated by most teachers in favor of traditional didactic pedagogies. This is so, at least in part, because Modeling focuses on a small set of connected models embedded in a self-consistent theoretical framework and thus is closely congruent with human cognition in this context which is to generate mental models of physical phenomena as both predictive and explanatory devices. Whether a teacher fully implements the Modeling pedagogy depends on the depth of the teacher's commitment to inquiry-based instruction, specifically Modeling instruction, as a means of promoting student understanding of Newtonian mechanics. Moreover, this commitment trumps all other characteristics: teacher educational background, content coverage issues, student achievement data, district or state learning standards, and district or state student assessments. Indeed, distinctive differences exist in how Modeling teachers deliver their curricula and some teachers are measurably more effective than others in their delivery, but they all share an unshakable belief in the efficacy of inquiry-based, constructivist-oriented instruction. The Modeling Workshops' pedagogy, duration, and social interactions impacts teachers' self-identification as members of a professional community. Finally, I discuss the consequences my research may have for the Modeling Instruction program designers and for designers of professional development programs generally.

  18. Factors impacting teachers' argumentation instruction in their science classrooms

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    McNeill, Katherine L.; Katsh-Singer, Rebecca; González-Howard, María; Loper, Suzanna

    2016-08-01

    Science education research, reform documents and standards include scientific argumentation as a key learning goal for students. The role of the teacher is essential for implementing argumentation in part because their beliefs about argumentation can impact whether and how this science practice is integrated into their classroom. In this study, we surveyed 42 middle school science teachers and conducted follow-up interviews with 25 to investigate the factors that teachers believe impact their argumentation instruction. Teachers responded that their own learning goals had the greatest impact on their argumentation instruction while influences related to context, policy and assessment had the least impact. The minor influence of policy and assessment was in part because teachers saw a lack of alignment between these areas and the goals of argumentation. In addition, although teachers indicated that argumentation was an important learning goal, regardless of students' backgrounds and abilities, the teachers discussed argumentation in different ways. Consequently, it may be more important to help teachers understand what counts as argumentation, rather than provide a rationale for including argumentation in instruction. Finally, the act of trying out argumentation in their own classrooms, supported through resources such as curriculum, can increase teachers' confidence in teaching argumentation.

  19. Improving Instruction through Teacher Observation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Protheroe, Nancy

    2002-01-01

    Describes classroom observation techniques focusing on what the students are learning rather than how the teacher is teaching. Highlights research on effective teaching; provides examples of programs to teach principals effective classroom observation and teacher-evaluation techniques; emphasizes link between teacher evaluation and professional…

  20. Teacher Training in Instructional Technology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ryan, Kevin

    Of the major professional groups, there is probably none that is as undertrained as teachers. For this reason, teachers and administrators will be responsive to relevant, superior training, especially if it helps them to perform with a greater competence and sense of achievement. A quantum jump can probably be made in the use of technology if the…

  1. An Analysis of Instructional Facilitators' Relationships with Teachers and Principals

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Range, Bret G.; Pijanowski, John C.; Duncan, Heather; Scherz, Susan; Hvidston, David

    2014-01-01

    This study examines the perspectives of Wyoming instructional facilitators, concerning three coaching constructs--namely, their instructional leadership roles, teachers' instructional practices, and the support that they receive from principals and teachers. Findings suggest that instructional facilitators were positive about their instructional…

  2. Differentiated Instruction, Professional Development, and Teacher Efficacy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dixon, Felicia A.; Yssel, Nina; McConnell, John M.; Hardin, Travis

    2014-01-01

    Teachers often struggle to provide all students access to specific learning activities that work best for them--and what works best for some students will not work for others. Differentiating instruction makes sense because it offers different paths to understanding content, process, and products, considering what is appropriate given a child's…

  3. The Roles of Teacher Efficacy in Instructional Innovation: Its Predictive Relations to Constructivist and Didactic Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nie, Youyan; Tan, Gim Hoon; Liau, Albert Kienfie; Lau, Shun; Chua, Bee Leng

    2013-01-01

    Constructivist instruction has been implemented in the current instructional innovation in Singapore. Large scale survey study was conducted to examine the roles of teacher efficacy in implementing the innovative constructivist instruction. The results showed that the positive correlation between teacher efficacy and constructivist instruction was…

  4. General Education Teachers' Differentiated Instruction in Elementary Inclusion

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Deason, Jennifer

    2014-01-01

    Inclusion teachers at the elementary level face challenges in differentiating instruction for all students. Despite inclusion teachers' willingness to use differentiated instruction (DI), many teachers struggle implementing DI because of teachers' understanding of DI, insufficient time for planning, and insufficient training and resources. The…

  5. 24 CFR 3285.907 - Manufacturer additions to installation instructions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 5 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Manufacturer additions to... Optional Information for Manufacturer's Installation Instructions § 3285.907 Manufacturer additions to installation instructions. A manufacturer may include in its installation instructions items that are...

  6. A Study of the Effects on Student Achievement in Elementary Science Programs Resulting from Teacher In-Service Training and Additional Instructional Aids, Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, George F.

    Twenty-four teachers, from a school system not using the new elementary science programs, taught representative new units to 544 students, with variations in their inservice training and the amount of classroom science equipment provided. Classrooms at three grade levels (1, 3, and 6) were used twice under opposing conditions. For each unit, the…

  7. Using Blogging Software to Provide Additional Writing Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carver, Lin B.; Todd, Carol

    2016-01-01

    Classroom teachers sometimes struggle trying to find time during the typical school day to provide the writing instruction students need to be successful. This study examined 29 fifth through twelfth grade classroom teachers' survey responses about their perception of the effectiveness of using an online blogging tool, Kidblog, to plan and provide…

  8. Principals' instructional management skills and middle school science teacher job satisfaction

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gibbs-Harper, Nzinga A.

    The purpose of this research study was to determine if a relationship exists between teachers' perceptions of principals' instructional leadership behaviors and middle school teacher job satisfaction. Additionally, this study sought to assess whether principal's instructional leadership skills were predictors of middle school teachers' satisfaction with work itself. This study drew from 13 middle schools in an urban Mississippi school district. Participants included teachers who taught science. Each teacher was given the Principal Instructional Management Rating Scale (PIMRS; Hallinger, 2011) and the Teacher Job Satisfaction Questionnaire (TJSQ; Lester, 1987) to answer the research questions. The study was guided by two research questions: (a) Is there a relationship between the independent variables Defining the School's Mission, Managing the Instructional Program, and Developing the School Learning Climate Program and the dependent variable Work Itself?; (b) Are Defining the School's Mission, Managing the Instructional Program, and Developing the School Learning Climate Program predictors of Work Itself? The Pearson's correlation and multiple regression analysis were utilized to examine the relationship between the three dimensions of principals' instructional leadership and teacher satisfaction with work itself. The data revealed that there was a strong, positive correlation between all three dimensions of principals' instructional leadership and teacher satisfaction with work itself. However, the multiple regression analysis determined that teachers' perceptions of principals' instructional management skills is a slight predictor of Defining the School's Mission only.

  9. Studying Reading Instruction with Teacher Logs: Lessons from the Study of Instructional Improvement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rowan, Brian; Correnti, Richard

    2009-01-01

    This article describes some of the conceptual and methodological issues that arise when researchers use teacher logs to measure classroom instruction. Data and examples come from the Study of Instructional Improvement, which used teacher logs to study patterns of literacy instruction in schools implementing three comprehensive school reforms. Over…

  10. A Multiple Case Study of Two Teachers' Instructional Adaptations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Parsons, Seth A.; Vaughn, Margaret

    2013-01-01

    Scholars contend that effective teachers adapt their instruction to meet the particular needs of each student. However, little research has studied the ways in which teachers adapt their instruction or their reflections on these adaptations. This article describes a yearlong multiple case study focused on two teachers from different contexts: a…

  11. College Teachers' Instructional Practices: Exploratory and Confirmatory Factor Analyses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Behar-Horenstein, Linda S.; Niu, Lian

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to develop and validate an instrument, the College Teachers' Instructional Practices (CTIP), which was designed to measure college teachers' instructional practices in terms of teacher-centered or student-centered teaching preferences. An initial survey was administered among dental faculty members. Exploratory factor…

  12. Preservice Mathematics Teachers' Perceptions of Drama Based Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bulut, Neslihan

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the perceptions of pre-service mathematics teachers related to drama-based instruction. For this purpose, effects of a drama-based mathematics course on senior class pre-service mathematics teachers' knowledge about drama-based instruction and teacher candidates' competencies for developing and…

  13. Primary Teachers' Linguistic Knowledge and Perceptions of Early Literacy Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mahar, Nicole E.; Richdale, Amanda L.

    2008-01-01

    This study examined 120 Victorian preservice and inservice teachers' ability to implement evidence-based, early literacy instruction by examining whether teachers possessed positive perceptions of explicit instruction in sound-letter relationships, and a proficient knowledge of language structure. Teachers' confidence in teaching students of known…

  14. Instructional Coaching: Teachers' Perceptions of Practice and Effectiveness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Horne, Jason Brock

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this quantitative study was to investigate K-12 teachers' perceptions of instructional coaching. Specifically, this researcher assessed the perception of instructional coaching as a whole, support for hiring practices for instructional coaches, the value of instructional coaching for improving teaching practices, the value of…

  15. Building Measures of Instructional Differentiation from Teacher Checklists

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williams, Ryan; Swanlund, Andrew; Miller, Shazia; Konstantopoulos, Spyros; van der Ploeg, Arie

    2012-01-01

    Differentiated instruction is commonly believed to be critical to improving the quality and efficiency of teachers' instructional repertoires (Fischer & Rose, 2001; Tomlinson, 2004). Tomlinson (2000) describes differentiation in four domains: content, process, product, and learning environment. Content differentiation involves varying…

  16. Teachers' Beliefs, Instructional Behaviors, and Students' Engagement in Learning from Texts with Instructional Pictures

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schroeder, Sascha; Richter, Tobias; McElvany, Nele; Hachfeld, Axinja; Baumert, Jurgen; Schnotz, Wolfgang; Horz, Holger; Ullrich, Mark

    2011-01-01

    This study investigated the relations between teachers' pedagogical beliefs and students' self-reported engagement in learning from texts with instructional pictures. Participants were the biology, geography, and German teachers of 46 classes (Grades 5-8) and their students. Teachers' instructional behaviors and students' engagement in learning…

  17. Writing Instruction for Teacher Candidates: Strengthening a Weak Curricular Area

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grisham, Dana L.; Wolsey, Thomas Devere

    2011-01-01

    In this case study, two teacher educators in literacy examined teacher candidates' (N = 24) learning of writing instruction across a three-course sequence of literacy methods. Data collected included a survey of candidates' knowledge of writing instruction, their formal observations of writing lessons in their student-teaching placements, a…

  18. Teacher Candidate Technology Integration: For Student Learning or Instruction?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clark, Cynthia; Zhang, Shaoan; Strudler, Neal

    2015-01-01

    Transfer of instructional technology knowledge for student-centered learning by teacher candidates is investigated in this study. Using the transfer of learning theoretical framework, a mixed methods research design was employed to investigate whether secondary teacher candidates were able to transfer the instructional technology knowledge for…

  19. Instructional Development for Training Teachers of Exceptional Children: A Sourcebook.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thiagarajan, Sivasailam; And Others

    Presented in the sourcebook for the teacher educator is the Four-D model (define, design, develop, and disseminate) to be used for developing instructional materials for training teachers of exceptional children. Listed at the beginning of chapters are instructional objectives; included when appropriate are guidelines, checklists, and flow charts.…

  20. How Portuguese and American Teachers Plan for Literacy Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spear-Swerling, Louise; Lopes, Joao; Oliveira, Celia; Zibulsky, Jamie

    2016-01-01

    This study explored American and Portuguese elementary teachers' preferences in planning for literacy instruction using the Language Arts Activity Grid (LAAG; Cunningham, Zibulsky, Stanovich, & Stanovich, 2009), on which teachers described their preferred instructional activities for a hypothetical 2-h language arts block. Portuguese teachers…

  1. Instructional Microcomputer Applications by Business Teachers in Minnesota.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lambrecht, Judith J.

    Data were collected from Minnesota secondary and postsecondary business teachers regarding their instructional microcomputer applications and their attitudes about several instructional computing issues. Usable surveys were returned by 342 teachers in 236 schools. The predominant brand of computer at the secondary level was the Apple II; most…

  2. Preschool Teachers' Endorsement of Instructional Practices: An Interprofessional Exploration

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Koutsoftas, Anthony D.; Dubasik, Virginia L.; Moss DiDonato, Alicia

    2017-01-01

    Background: Preschool teacher's instructional practices are one component of high-quality early education classrooms that have the potential to directly influence young children's school readiness and success; therefore, the type and quality of instructional practices used by preschool teachers should be explored. Purpose: The purpose of this…

  3. English Reading Instruction in China: Chinese Teachers' Perspectives and Comments

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hu, Ran; Baumann, James F.

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to describe teachers' perspectives and comments about their reading curriculum and instruction at different school levels. A brief historical examination of the English instruction and the contemporary education policies in China was provided. Twelve Chinese teachers of English at different schools levels participated…

  4. Student Teachers' Use of Instructional Choice in Physical Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Xiang, Ping; Gao, Zan; McBride, Ron E.

    2011-01-01

    Guided by self-determination theory and research on teacher beliefs, we examined student teachers' (STs) use of instructional choices in teaching physical education classes. Participants included 131 STs (52 men and 79 women) from a major university in the United States. STs completed questionnaires assessing three types of instructional choices…

  5. Preservice Teachers' Perceptions of Using Digital Technologies in Literacy Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pierczynski, Melissa

    2015-01-01

    In order to best prepare our preservice teachers to incorporate digital technologies into future literacy instruction, we must first explore how they perceive implementation of digital technologies in literacy instruction. Limited research exists which examines the employment of digital technologies in literacy instruction, and even less considers…

  6. Opinions of Mathematics Teacher Candidates towards Applying 7E Instructional Model on Computer Aided Instruction Environments

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yenilmez, Kursat; Ersoy, Mehmet

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine opinions of mathematics teacher candidates towards applying 7E instructional model on computer aided instruction environments. The descriptive case study model was used in this study. The sample of the study consists of 52 mathematics teacher candidates which were selected randomly from Eskisehir…

  7. Factors Influencing Junior High School Teachers' Computer-Based Instructional Practices Regarding Their Instructional Evolution Stages

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hsu, Ying-Shao; Wu, Hsin-Kai; Hwang, Fu-Kwun

    2007-01-01

    Sandholtz, Ringstaff, & Dwyer (1996) list five stages in the "evolution" of a teacher's capacity for computer-based instruction--entry, adoption, adaptation, appropriation and invention--which hereafter will be called the teacher's computer-based instructional evolution. In this study of approximately six hundred junior high school…

  8. Addressing the Missing Instructional Data Problem: Using a Teacher Log to Document Tier 1 Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kurz, Alexander; Elliott, Stephen N.; Roach, Andrew T.

    2015-01-01

    Response-to-intervention (RTI) systems posit that Tier 1 consists of high-quality general classroom instruction using evidence-based methods to address the needs of most students. However, data on the extent to which general education teachers provide such instruction are rarely collected. This missing instructional data problem may result in RTI…

  9. How does high stakes testing influence teachers' classroom instruction?: Institutional pressures and classroom instruction

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yamashita, Mika Yoder

    2011-12-01

    This study examined how a total of eight math and science elementary school teachers changed their classroom instruction in response to high stakes and low stakes testing in one school district. The district introduced new assessment in the school year of 2005--06 to meet the requirement set forth by the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB)---that the assessment should be aligned with the state academic standards. I conducted interviews with teachers and school administrators at two elementary schools, district officials, and a representative of a non-profit organization during the school year 2007--08 to examine how the new assessment introduced in 2005--06 had shaped classroom instruction. Concepts from New Institutional Theory and cognitive approaches to policy implementation guided the design of this study. This study focused on how materials and activities associated with high stakes testing promoted ideas about good instruction, and how these ideas were carried to teachers. The study examined how teachers received messages about instruction and how they responded to the messages. The study found that high stakes testing influenced teachers' classroom instruction more than low stakes testing; however, the instructional changes teachers made in response to state testing was at the content level. The teachers' instructional strategies did not change. The teachers' instructional changes varied with the degree of implementation of existing math curriculum and with the degree of support they received in understanding the meaning of assessment results. The study concluded that, among the six teachers I studied, high stakes testing was not a sufficient intervention for changing teachers' instructional strategies. The study also addressed the challenges of aligning instructional messages across assessment, standards, and curriculum.

  10. Predicting Teacher Job Satisfaction Based on Principals' Instructional Supervision Behaviours: A Study of Turkish Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ilgan, Abdurrahman; Parylo, Oksana; Sungu, Hilmi

    2015-01-01

    This quantitative research examined instructional supervision behaviours of school principals as a predictor of teacher job satisfaction through the analysis of Turkish teachers' perceptions of principals' instructional supervision behaviours. There was a statistically significant difference found between the teachers' job satisfaction level and…

  11. The Effect of Educable Mental Retardation Descriptive Information on Regular Classroom Teachers' Attributions and Instructional Prescriptions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Palmer, Douglas J.

    1980-01-01

    EMR labeling and psychometric information similarly affected teachers' attributions and their instructional prescriptions. However, EMR labeling information affected the manner in which teachers revised their pupil ability attributional ratings. In addition, it was noted that accumulation of EMR information rather than type of information affected…

  12. Special Education Teachers' Nature of Science Instructional Experiences

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mulvey, Bridget K.; Chiu, Jennifer L.; Ghosh, Rajlakshmi; Bell, Randy L.

    2016-01-01

    Special education teachers provide critical science instruction to students. However, little research investigates special education teacher beliefs and practices around science in general or the nature of science and inquiry in particular. This investigation is a cross-case analysis of four elementary special education teachers' initial…

  13. The Teacher's Planning Pak and Guide to Individualized Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Forte, Imogene; MacKenzie, Joy

    This book is for both elementary school teachers and students. Suggestions are provided for the teacher on ways to organize time, space, and materials with the emphasis on individualized instruction for the pupils. Materials for the students include activities and small questionnaires structured to reveal to the teacher each child's attitudes,…

  14. Concordance between Preservice Teachers' Personal Responsibilities and Intended Instructional Practices

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Daniels, Lia M.; Radil, Amanda; Wagner, Amanda K.

    2016-01-01

    During their education, preservice teachers begin to assume professional responsibilities and gain pedagogical knowledge. However, the question remains whether preservice teachers intend to use instructional practices that are effective in meeting their assumed responsibilities. Thus, we examined the concordance between preservice teachers'…

  15. Instructional Coaching: Helping Preschool Teachers Reach Their Full Potential

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Skiffington, Sheila; Washburn, Sue; Elliott, Kimberly

    2011-01-01

    Instructional coaching is an innovative approach to professional development that, while challenging, has significant benefits for teachers and children. Using reflective practice strategies--including posing open-ended questions to teachers and videotaping classes--coaches help teachers analyze their teaching and its impact on children. Coaches…

  16. Measuring Teachers' Knowledge of Vocabulary Development and Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Duguay, Annie; Kenyon, Dorry; Haynes, Erin; August, Diane; Yanosky, Tiffany

    2016-01-01

    This article describes the development of an instrument to measure teachers' knowledge of vocabulary development and instruction, the Teacher Knowledge of Vocabulary Survey (TKVS). This type of knowledge has become increasingly important as all classroom teachers are expected to help students meet language and literacy standards that include…

  17. Learning How to Improve Vocabulary Instruction through Teacher Study Groups

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dimino, Joseph; Taylor, Mary Jo

    2009-01-01

    Professional development with proven positive effects on vocabulary instruction and student achievement: that's what reading teachers are looking for, and that's what the Teacher Study Group (TSG) model delivers. With the nine complete TSG sessions in this book, K-8 teachers will form dynamic in-school learning groups with their fellow educators…

  18. Teacher Conceptions of Reading and the Impact on Instructional Behavior.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bawden, Robert; Duffy, Gerald G.

    Focusing on the way teachers conceptualize reading and on whether these conceptions influence instructional practice, a study was undertaken utilizing a propositional inventory and a naturalistic field study. The propositional inventory was used in two teacher surveys: the first included 602 teachers and sought to determine their conceptions of…

  19. Preparing Preservice Teacher Candidates to Differentiate Instructional Practices

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ochoa, Bianca R.

    2013-01-01

    This action research study focused on how various grouping strategies influenced preservice teachers' differentiation of instruction. The participants included a third grade mentor teacher and three preservice teacher candidates. The candidate preparation curriculum consisted of seminars, daily field-based learning experiences, and ongoing…

  20. The Influence of Teachers' Technology Use on Instructional Practices

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rakes, Glenda C.; Fields, Valerie S.; Cox, Karee E.

    2006-01-01

    This study investigated the relationship between technology use and skills and the use of constructivist instructional practices among teachers in rural schools. Teachers in this study responded to Moersch's instrument, the Levels of Technology Implementation (LoTi). The LoTi was administered to the fourth and eighth grade teachers in 11 school…

  1. Instructional support and implementation structure during elementary teachers' science education simulation use

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gonczi, Amanda L.; Chiu, Jennifer L.; Maeng, Jennifer L.; Bell, Randy L.

    2016-07-01

    This investigation sought to identify patterns in elementary science teachers' computer simulation use, particularly implementation structures and instructional supports commonly employed by teachers. Data included video-recorded science lessons of 96 elementary teachers who used computer simulations in one or more science lessons. Results indicated teachers used a one-to-one student-to-computer ratio most often either during class-wide individual computer use or during a rotating station structure. Worksheets, general support, and peer collaboration were the most common forms of instructional support. The least common instructional support forms included lesson pacing, initial play, and a closure discussion. Students' simulation use was supported in the fewest ways during a rotating station structure. Results suggest that simulation professional development with elementary teachers needs to explicitly focus on implementation structures and instructional support to enhance participants' pedagogical knowledge and improve instructional simulation use. In addition, research is needed to provide theoretical explanations for the observed patterns that should subsequently be addressed in supporting teachers' instructional simulation use during professional development or in teacher preparation programs.

  2. How Portuguese and American teachers plan for literacy instruction.

    PubMed

    Spear-Swerling, Louise; Lopes, Joao; Oliveira, Celia; Zibulsky, Jamie

    2016-04-01

    This study explored American and Portuguese elementary teachers' preferences in planning for literacy instruction using the Language Arts Activity Grid (LAAG; Cunningham, Zibulsky, Stanovich, & Stanovich, 2009), on which teachers described their preferred instructional activities for a hypothetical 2-h language arts block. Portuguese teachers (N = 186) completed Portuguese versions of a background questionnaire and LAAG electronically, in Survey Monkey; American teachers (N = 102) completed identical English measures using paper and pencil. Results showed that teachers in both groups usually addressed comprehension and reading fluency on their LAAGs and that they also allocated the most time to these two areas. However, American teachers were more likely to include teacher-directed fluency activities, whereas Portuguese teachers were more likely to include fluency activities that were not teacher directed. Significantly more American than Portuguese teachers addressed phonics in their planning, whereas significantly more Portuguese than American teachers addressed writing processes such as revision. Both groups of educators demonstrated large variability in planning, with many teachers omitting important components of literacy identified by researchers, for writing as well as reading. The study highlights the importance of providing teachers with comprehensive, research-based core literacy curricula as well as professional development on key components of literacy. Study findings also suggest significant relationships between orthographic transparency and teachers' instructional planning.

  3. Pre-Service Teachers' Perceptions of Effective Inquiry Instruction: Are Effective Instruction and Effective Inquiry Instruction Essentially the Same?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aulls, Mark W.; Ibrahim, Ahmed

    2012-01-01

    This multiple case study examined pre-service teachers perceptions of effective post-secondary instruction. Pre-service teachers were asked to write essays describing an effective teacher of their choice. Twenty-one essays were randomly selected. Data analysis involved open coding of each essay, content analysis of each essay using Anderson and…

  4. Instructional decision making of high school science teachers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Carver, Jeffrey S.

    The instructional decision-making processes of high school science teachers have not been well established in the literature. Several models for decision-making do exist in other teaching disciplines, business, computer game programming, nursing, and some fields of science. A model that incorporates differences in science teaching that is consistent with constructivist theory as opposed to conventional science teaching is useful in the current climate of standards-based instruction that includes an inquiry-based approach to teaching science. This study focuses on three aspects of the decision-making process. First, it defines what factors, both internal and external, influence high school science teacher decision-making. Second, those factors are analyzed further to determine what instructional decision-making processes are articulated or demonstrated by the participants. Third, by analyzing the types of decisions that are made in the classroom, the classroom learning environments established as a result of those instructional decisions are studied for similarities and differences between conventional and constructivist models. While the decision-making process for each of these teachers was not clearly articulated by the teachers themselves, the patterns that establish the process were clearly exhibited by the teachers. It was also clear that the classroom learning environments that were established were, at least in part, established as a result of the instructional decisions that were made in planning and implementation of instruction. Patterns of instructional decision-making were different for each teacher as a result of primary instructional goals that were different for each teacher. There were similarities between teachers who exhibited more constructivist epistemological tendencies as well as similarities between teachers who exhibited a more conventional epistemology. While the decisions that will result from these two camps may be different, the six step

  5. Inquiry-based Instruction with Archived, Online Data: An Intervention Study with Preservice Teachers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ucar, Sedat; Trundle, Kathy Cabe; Krissek, Lawrence

    2011-03-01

    This mixed methods study described preservice teachers' conceptions of tides and explored the efficacy of integrating online data into inquiry-based instruction. Data sources included a multiple-choice assessment and in-depth interviews. A total of 79 participants in secondary, middle, and early childhood teacher education programs completed the multiple-choice assessment of their baseline knowledge of tides-related concepts. A sub-group of 29 participants also was interviewed to explore their understanding of tides in more detail before instruction. Eighteen of those 29 teachers participated in the instruction, were interviewed again after the instruction, and completed the multiple-choice assessment as a posttest. The interview data sets were analyzed via a constant comparative method in order to produce profiles of each participant's pre- and post-instruction conceptual understandings of tides. Additional quantitative analysis consisted of a paired-sample t-test, which investigated the changes in scores before and after the instructional intervention. Before instruction, all participants held alternative or alternative fragments as their conceptual understandings of tides. After completing the inquiry-based instruction that integrated online tidal data, participants were more likely to hold a scientific conceptual understanding. After instruction, some preservice teachers continued to hold on to the conception that the rotation of the moon around the Earth during one 24-hour period causes the tides to move with the moon. The quantitative results, however, indicated that pre- to post-instruction gains were significant. The findings of this study provide evidence that integrating Web-based archived data into inquiry-based instruction can be used to effectively promote conceptual change among preservice teachers.

  6. Chemistry Teachers' Journey through Modeling Instruction: From Workshop to Classroom

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Frick, Tasha

    This presentation will feature case study research that describes the difficulties that four high school chemistry teachers faced while implementing Modeling Instruction into their classrooms. Modeling Instruction is characterized by the development of understanding through cooperative inquiry and collective discourse on a path from concrete to abstract. The complications in transforming a classroom from traditional teacher centered methods to one which focuses on the use of student-centered Modeling Instruction will be thoroughly investigated through the stories of each of the participants. The study begins with observations of the teachers prior to the introduction of Modeling Instruction and follows them into the professional development in the summer, the initial use in the fall term, a follow-up workshop, and finally back into the classrooms. The enlightening findings highlight the difficulties teachers had in aligning the standards, and developing a scope and sequence, as well as reconciling their beliefs about student ability.

  7. Evaluation for Individualized Instruction. An Operational Guide for Teacher Workshops.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Les; And Others

    The workshops associated with the Evaluation for Individualized Instruction Project are planned to provide teachers an opportunity to improve their skills in construction and development of evaluation procedures. This is based on the premise that one successful initial approach to the improvement and individualization of instruction is through the…

  8. Attitudes of Science and Social Studies Teachers Toward Interdisciplinary Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barman, Charles R.; And Others

    1982-01-01

    Science and social science teachers (N=198) were surveyed to determine interest in interdisciplinary instruction, perception of current interdisciplinary approaches, and preferred forms for learning more about interdisciplinary instruction. Results and implications are discussed with listings of process skills identified as important and…

  9. Assessment-Based Instructional Coaching Provided to Reading Intervention Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Denton, Carolyn A.; Swanson, Elizabeth A.; Mathes, Patricia G.

    2007-01-01

    The use of student assessment data is a key component of a model of instructional coaching, Student-Focused Coaching (Hasbrouck & Denton, 2005), designed to support student achievement by engaging reading teachers in a collaborative problem-solving process to modify instructional strategies with the goal of enhanced student outcomes. In this…

  10. Up the Down Staircase: Establishing Library Instruction Programs for Teachers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Hanlon, Nancyanne

    1988-01-01

    Reviews selected writings relevant to the establishment of library instruction programs for future teachers. Materials from the early part of the century define issues and place them in historical perspective, and current studies provide an analytical perspective. Several publications describing instructional materials and programs are included.…

  11. Dynamic Synchronization of Teacher-Students Affection in Affective Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zhang, Wenhai; Lu, Jiamei

    2011-01-01

    Based on Bower's affective network theory, the article links the dynamic analysis of affective factors in affective instruction, and presents affective instruction strategic of dynamic synchronization between teacher and students to implement the best ideal mood that promotes students' cognition and affection together. In the process of teaching,…

  12. Constructing Collaboration: The Use of Designed Teacher Professional Communities for Instructional Change

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Van Lare, Michelle DeVoogt

    2010-01-01

    Teacher professional communities are central in the current discussion of teacher learning and professional development. Instructional reform initiatives aimed at improving student achievement through changes in instruction depend on effective professional development structures. Increasingly, teacher professional communities are being identified…

  13. Participatory Instructional Redesign by Students and Teachers in Secondary Education: Effects on Perceptions of Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Konings, Karen D.; Brand-Gruwel, Saskia; van Merrienboer, Jeroen J. G.

    2011-01-01

    Students' perceptions of instruction are important because they direct the learning of students. The fact that teachers have only limited knowledge of these perceptions is likely to threaten the effectiveness of learning, because congruence between interpretations of an instructional intervention is necessary for its optimal use. This study…

  14. Coaching Teachers on Instruction: Developing Instructional Leadership Capacity within a Principal Preparation Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Franey, John J.

    2013-01-01

    Over the last several decades, the role of the school site principal has shifted from a focus on school management to one on school leadership. Integral to this new focus is the ability of the principal to be an instructional leader, tasked with improving the instructional practices of teachers. Many principal preparation programs have adopted new…

  15. Supporting Sustainability: Teachers' Advice Networks and Ambitious Instructional Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Coburn, Cynthia E.; Russell, Jennifer L.; Kaufman, Julia Heath; Stein, Mary Kay

    2012-01-01

    Scaling up instructional improvement remains a central challenge for school systems. While existing research suggests that teachers' social networks play a crucial role, we know little about what dimensions of teachers' social networks matter for sustainability. Drawing from a longitudinal study of the scale-up of mathematics reform, we use…

  16. In-Service Teachers' Perspectives on Adolescent ELL Writing Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kibler, Amanda K.; Heny, Natasha A.; Andrei, Elena

    2016-01-01

    As writing has assumed increasing importance in discussions of pedagogy for diverse classrooms, attention to the contexts in which secondary teachers develop and implement writing instruction for adolescent English language learners (ELLs) is of great importance. Drawing on ecological language learning theories and situated teacher learning theory…

  17. Partners in Learning: Teacher Leaders Drive Instructional Excellence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Duff, Victoria; Islas, M. René

    2013-01-01

    New educator evaluation systems demand a focus on effective teaching and learning while promoting the professional growth of all teachers. By identifying and leveraging the contributions of high-performing teachers as instructional leaders, problem solvers, and decision-makers to lead improvement at the classroom level, the system builds capacity…

  18. Assisting Preservice Teachers toward More Motivationally Supportive Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Perlman, Dana

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of an intervention grounded in Self-Determination Theory on preservice teachers' instructional behaviors and the motivational responses of their students. A total of 62 preservice physical education teachers enrolled in a secondary physical education content and methods course were randomly…

  19. Teachers' Perspective on Using Technology as an Instructional Tool

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davidson, Leavery Y. Jefferson; Richardson, Martha; Jones, Don

    2014-01-01

    Federal mandates require technology use in the classroom, but not all English language arts (ELA) teachers have implemented technology as an integral part of teaching. The purpose of this qualitative case study was to investigate why ELA teachers in 2 local high schools rarely or never use technology as an instructional tool. The study was…

  20. Use of Instructional Technologies in Science Classrooms: Teachers' Perspectives

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Savasci Açikalin, Funda

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate how science teachers use instructional technologies in science classrooms. Participants were 63 teachers who have just completed an alternative teaching certificate program in one of the largest universities in Turkey. They were asked to make a lesson plan based on any topic by assuming that they had an…

  1. A Taxonomy of Instructional Learning Opportunities in Teachers' Workgroup Conversations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Horn, Ilana Seidel; Garner, Brette; Kane, Britnie Delinger; Brasel, Jason

    2017-01-01

    Many school-improvement efforts include time for teacher collaboration, with the assumption that teachers' collective work supports instructional improvement. However, not all collaboration equally supports learning that would support improvement. As a part of a 5-year study in two urban school districts, we collected video records of more than…

  2. Lutheran School Teachers' Instructional Usage of the Interactive Whiteboard

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Powers, Jillian R.

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this mixed methods study was twofold. First, the study assessed whether Davis' (1989) Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) was useful in predicting instructional usage of the interactive whiteboard (IWB), as reported by K-8 teachers. Second, the study set out to understand what motivated those teachers to use the IWB for classroom…

  3. Impact of Technology on Teacher Efficacy and Instruction Time

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    VanderNoor, Jeffrey Michael

    2014-01-01

    In light of the emerging emphasis on interpreting technology, this study investigated how teachers' technology self-efficacy influenced their use of technology in the classroom technology use. The secondary purpose was to examine the extent teacher technology self-efficacy was related to instructional time. The study findings answered questions of…

  4. Effects of Coaching on Teacher Use of Sociocultural Instructional Practices

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Teemant, Annela; Wink, Joan; Tyra, Serena

    2011-01-01

    This study evaluates a performance-based instructional coaching model intended to improve teacher pedagogy and classroom organization for educating diverse student populations. Elementary teachers (N = 21) participated in a 30-h workshop and seven individual coaching sessions across an academic year. The coaching model promoted use of the…

  5. Kindergarten Time: Kindergarten Teachers' Considerations when Setting Instructional Priorities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baker, Julie; Dever, Martha T.

    2005-01-01

    The purpose of this phenomenological study was to obtain an in-depth understanding of kindergarten teachers' instructional time allocations and the factors that influenced their decisions. A maximum variation sample of six kindergarten teachers was chosen representing variations in gender, socioeconomic status of the school where they taught, and…

  6. Facilitative Reading Instruction: Preservice Teachers' Voices and Perceptions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cheek, Earl H., Jr.; Steward, Frances A.; Launey, Byron L.; Borgia, Laurel G.

    2004-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to explore measurement of preservice teachers' reading beliefs, perceptions, and teaching styles, implementing The Teachers' Reading Aptitude "Voice" Scale (TRAVS). An educational problem exists of effectively linking beliefs, qualities, and actions that affect instructional decision-making, collaboration,…

  7. Teachers Adapt Their Instruction According to Students' Academic Performance

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nurmi, Jari-Erik; Viljaranta, Jaana; Tolvanen, Asko; Aunola, Kaisa

    2012-01-01

    This study examined the extent to which a student's academic performance in first grade contributes to the active instruction given by a teacher to a particular student. To investigate this, 105 first graders were tested in mathematics and reading in the fall and spring of their first school year. At the same time points, their teachers filled in…

  8. Teacher Collaboration in Instructional Teams and Student Achievement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ronfeldt, Matthew; Farmer, Susanna Owens; McQueen, Kiel; Grissom, Jason A.

    2015-01-01

    This study draws upon survey and administrative data on over 9,000 teachers in 336 Miami-Dade County public schools over 2 years to investigate the kinds of collaborations that exist in instructional teams across the district and whether these collaborations predict student achievement. While different kinds of teachers and schools report…

  9. School Culture: Teachers' Beliefs, Behaviors, and Instructional Practices

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hongboontri, Chantarath; Keawkhong, Natheeporn

    2014-01-01

    This mixed-methods research project documents the school culture of Hope University's Language Institute and reveals the reciprocal relationship between the school culture and the instructional practices of the English as a foreign language (EFL) teachers in this particular institute. Altogether, 62 EFL teachers agreed to complete a questionnaire.…

  10. Instructional Approaches: Differences between Kindergarten and Primary School Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Uibu, Krista; Kikas, Eve; Tropp, Kristiina

    2011-01-01

    The article discusses kindergarten and primary school teachers' preferences for instructional approaches and teaching practices. One hundred and thirty-three teachers from Estonia completed questionnaires. The results showed that the promotion of students' comprehension and independence, enhancing practical application and individualisation of…

  11. Prospective Teachers' Views about Video-Enhanced General Biology Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Çetin, Gülcan

    2014-01-01

    The aim of the study is to determine the views of the prospective physics and chemistry teachers about the video-enhanced General Biology instruction. The participants included 19 second-year prospective teachers (10 in Physics and 9 in Chemistry Education) at Necatibey Faculty of Education, Balikesir University, Turkey in the 2011-2012 academic…

  12. Sexuality education instructional techniques: teacher usage and student preference.

    PubMed

    Hammonds, M M; Schultz, J B

    1984-08-01

    This paper identifies instructional techniques utilized by 89 secondary school teachers and those preferred by 334 secondary school students when 20 sexuality education topics are taught in the classroom. Instructional techniques most often utilized by teachers and preferred by students include large group discussion, educational media, guest speakers, case study, lecture, small group work, and role play. The findings indicate that large group discussion was most often employed by teachers and preferred by students when teaching social and emotional aspects of sexuality such as self-awareness, feelings and emotions, building relationships, and communicating with others. Educational media and guest speakers were the instructional techniques used and preferred to address some of the physiological aspects of sexuality such as reproductive systems, conception, childbirth, and birth control. Significant differences using the chi-square test of independence were found between teacher and student responses for 16 of the 20 topics.

  13. Self-Instructional Course in Business Machines. Teacher Edition and Student Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Andrews, Frances K.

    The self-instruction office machines course provides both student's and teacher's manuals and includes, in the teacher's edition, scripts to be used with 21 instructional sound films for the machines covered. These may be used without the films as detailed operating instructions. The teacher's manual also contains instructions on operating each…

  14. Sustaining Instructional Change: The Impact of Professional Development on Teacher Adoption of a New Instructional Strategy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Richards, Jennifer; Skolits, Gary

    2009-01-01

    Adolescents learn best when actively engaged with the content; yet, many teachers rely on passive learning strategies in their classrooms. This study investigated teacher (n = 6) use and adoption of an active learning instructional strategy (Role, Audience, Format, Topic). The study purposes were to: (a) determine how and to what extent teachers…

  15. Preservice Elementary Teachers' Conceptions of Moon Phases before and after Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Trundle, Kathy Cabe; Atwood, Ronald K.; Christopher, John E.

    2002-01-01

    Focuses on the conceptual understanding held by (n=78) preservice elementary teachers about moon phases before and after instruction. Compares instructive effect between two groups--inquiry-based physics instruction and no instruction. Reports that without the instruction, most preservice teachers were likely to hold alternative conceptions of the…

  16. Reading instruction in science: Teachers' practices, beliefs, & self-efficacy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Morales, Christina M.

    The Common Core State Standards (CCSS, 2010) and the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS, 2013) call on science teachers to play a stronger role in helping students learn from informational science texts. Curriculum implementation efforts aimed at addressing these new standards should build on what teachers are already doing to help students with reading in their classrooms and the pedagogical issues that they feel are important to science learning. However, few current studies have gathered these important insights from science teachers. Aiming to fill this gap in the literature, this study attempted to describe middle school science teachers' current practices, beliefs, and self-efficacy regarding reading and reading instruction in their classrooms. A conceptual model hypothesizing that self-efficacy mediates the relationship between teachers' beliefs about how important reading instruction is to science learning and how often they provide reading instruction in their science classes was also tested. Participants (N = 247) reported that students regularly engaged in reading-related tasks in science class. Somer's D correlation analyses highlighted positive associations between the frequency with which teachers reported that students engaged in various reading-related tasks and the frequency with which they reported providing reading instruction for those tasks, suggesting that students tended to receive explicit instruction or coaching for the reading-related tasks they engaged in most often. Middle school science teachers also expressed positive beliefs about the importance of reading-related tasks and explicit instruction or coaching for reading in science and tended to take on responsibility for helping students become better readers of science texts. Last, a path analysis confirmed that the association between teachers' beliefs and practices was mediated through teachers' self-efficacy (beta = .07, p < .001). This suggests that self-efficacy can influence

  17. EFL Teachers' Beliefs/Practices Correspondence in Reading Instruction: Does Language Teacher Education Make a Difference?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Karimi, Mohammad Nabi; Dehghani, Asieh

    2016-01-01

    The present study examined EFL teachers' theoretical orientations towards reading, their reading instructional practices and the correspondence between the theoretical orientations/practices. The study participants were 80 male and female Iranian EFL teachers teaching at a number of private English language institutes. Half of the teachers were…

  18. Differentiating science instruction: Success stories of high school science teachers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Maeng, Jennifer Lynn Cunningham

    This study investigated the characteristics and practices of high school science teachers who differentiate instruction. Specifically teachers' beliefs about science teaching and student learning and how they planned for and implemented differentiated instruction in their classrooms were explored. Understanding how high school science teachers differentiate instruction fills a gap in the literature. Participants included 7 high school science teachers purposefully selected from 4 different schools located in three school districts in a mid-Atlantic state. Data was collected during the spring of 2010 and fall of 2011 and occurred in two phases. For all 7 participants, data included one one-hour semi-structured interview and field notes from a minimum of four 90-minute classroom observations. Each classroom observation was scored using the validated Differentiated Instruction Implementation Matrix-Modified (DIIM-M), which evaluated participants' proficiency in differentiating instruction. The DIIM-M was analyzed using descriptive statistics and triangulated with field notes. This analysis led to the identification of a single teacher, Diane, for in-depth case study. Case study data included approximately two hours of semi-structured interview responses, 37.5 hours of classroom observations of Diane's Ecology and Biology classes, relevant instructional materials, and other artifacts. This variety of data allowed for triangulation of the evidence. Data were analyzed using a constant comparative approach (Lincoln & Guba, 1985). Results indicated that Diane consistently integrated complex learning profile differentiation strategies; however, she differentiated less frequently for readiness and interest. Technology-enhanced formative assessment played an integral role in planning and implementing lessons differentiated for readiness. Diane's content knowledge, self-efficacy, administrative support, and alignment between beliefs and the philosophy of differentiated

  19. High School Science Teachers' Perceptions of Teaching Content-Related Reading Comprehension Instruction

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Williams, Theresa

    In order to achieve academic success, students must be able to comprehend written material in content-area textbooks. However, a large number of high school students struggle to comprehend science content. Research findings have demonstrated that students make measurable gains in comprehending content-area textbooks when provided quality reading comprehension instruction. The purpose of this study was to gain an understanding of how high school science teachers perceived their responsibility to provide content-related comprehension instruction and 10 high school science teachers were interviewed for this study. Data analysis consisted of open, axial, and selective coding. The findings revealed that 8 out of the 10 participants believed that it is their responsibility to provide reading comprehension. However, the findings also revealed that the participants provided varying levels of reading comprehension instruction as an integral part of their science instruction. The potential for positive social change could be achieved by teachers and administrators. Teachers may use the findings to reflect upon their own personal feelings and beliefs about providing explicit reading comprehension. In addition to teachers' commitment to reading comprehension instruction, administrators could deliberate about professional development opportunities that might improve necessary skills, eventually leading to better comprehension skills for students and success in their education.

  20. Professional Development to Differentiate Kindergarten Tier 1 Instruction: Can Already Effective Teachers Improve Student Outcomes by Differentiating Tier 1 Instruction?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Al Otaiba, Stephanie; Folsom, Jessica S.; Wanzek, Jeanne; Greulich, Luana; Waesche, Jessica; Schatschneider, Christopher; Connor, Carol M.

    2016-01-01

    Two primary purposes guided this quasi-experimental within-teacher study: (a) to examine changes from baseline through 2 years of professional development (Individualizing Student Instruction) in kindergarten teachers' differentiation of Tier 1 literacy instruction; and (b) to examine changes in reading and vocabulary of 3 cohorts of the teachers'…

  1. Professional development to differentiate kindergarten Tier 1 instruction: Can already effective teachers improve student outcomes by differentiating Tier 1 instruction?

    PubMed

    Otaiba, Stephanie Al; Folsom, Jessica S; Wanzek, Jeannie; Greulich, Luana; Wasche, Jessica; Schatschneider, Christopher; Connor, Carol

    Two primary purposes guided this quasi-experimental within-teacher study: (1) to examine changes from baseline through two years of professional development (Individualizing Student Instruction) in kindergarten teachers' differentiation of Tier 1 literacy instruction; (2) to examine changes in reading and vocabulary of three cohorts of the teachers' students (n = 416). Teachers' instruction was observed and students were assessed on standardized measures of vocabulary and word reading. Results suggested that teachers significantly increased their differentiation and students showed significantly greater word reading outcomes relative to baseline. No change was observed for vocabulary. Results have implications for supporting teacher effectiveness through technology-supported professional development.

  2. Impact of Case-Based Instruction on Student Teachers' Reflection on Facilitating Children's Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rosen, Dina

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this original quasi-experimental research was to investigate the potential for using case-based instruction during the student teaching seminar as a means for promoting practicum student teachers' critical reflection about facilitating children's learning. In addition, the study explored the impact of varied modes for delivering…

  3. Auto Technician: An Instructional Guide for Teachers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Vocational Instructional Materials Lab.

    This guide is designed to help teachers in automotive technician programs for grades 11 and 12 teach the critical competencies of the program. The critical competencies covered are the Priority 1 competencies in Ohio Occupational Competency Assessment Profile (OCAP) for Automotive Technician. Teacher materials include program/instructor resources,…

  4. Student Teacher Beliefs on Grammar Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Graus, Johan; Coppen, Peter-Arno

    2016-01-01

    The role of grammar teaching in foreign language education is a controversial one both in second language acquisition (SLA) research and language pedagogy and, as a result, a potential source of confusion to student teachers. The objective of this study was to gain insight into the beliefs on grammar teaching of student teachers of English as a…

  5. Assessing Teacher Quality: Understanding Teacher Effects on Instruction and Achievement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kelly, Sean, Ed.

    2011-01-01

    Recent educational reforms have promoted accountability systems which attempt to identify "teacher effects" on student outcomes and hold teachers accountable for producing learning gains. But in the complex world of classrooms, it may be difficult to attribute "success" or "failure" to teachers. In this timely…

  6. Integrating Curriculum, Instruction, and Assessment in Project-Based Instruction: A Case Study of an Experienced Teacher

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Petrosino, Anthony J.

    2004-12-01

    This case study of a teacher who engaged his students in inquiry within a technologically rich classroom was conducted over 5 weeks, including 15 regularly scheduled classes. Data include extensive teacher interviews, e-mail, and artifacts such as class notes, curriculum guides, and handouts. A retrospective analysis methodology was utilized to address what Barron et al. (1998), called the "major hurdles" in implementing project-based curricula: the simultaneous changes in curriculum, instruction, and assessment practices. In addition, a framework developed by the National Research Council's "How People Learn" was employed to provide detail on the nature of knowledge, learner, assessment, and community centeredness of the project-based unit. Finally, the classroom environment created during a unit of astronomy was analyzed and five principles emerged: the sense of a project, the development of independent individuals, creation of a global community of learners, a cyclic nature of instruction emphasizing conceptual and procedural understanding, and the utilization of distributedexpertise.

  7. The Effects of Teacher Instructional Efficacy on Mathematical Skill Acquisition: The Students Viewpoint

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yack, Dennis R.; Shaw, Eugene R.

    2007-01-01

    Teacher instructional efficacy is an essential part of the mathematics learning process. When a mathematics teacher possesses a high level of instructional efficacy they can effectively influence a mathematics student's skill acquisition. This researcher examined what extent 5th-grade mathematics students perceive teacher instructional efficacy to…

  8. Spelling Instruction in the Primary Grades: Teachers' Beliefs, Practices, and Concerns

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Doyle, Antoinette; Zhang, Jing; Mattatall, Chris

    2015-01-01

    This study examined Canadian teachers' beliefs, practices and concerns about spelling instruction in the primary grades. Data from surveys (n = 56) indicated that most teachers believe that spelling is important and plan for spelling instruction. For most teachers, the spelling words and activities used, and the instructional resources they chose,…

  9. Mediators of a Preservice Teacher's Use of the Inquiry-Application Instructional Model

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gunckel, Kristin L.

    2011-01-01

    This paper reports on one preservice teacher's use of the Inquiry-Application Instructional Model (I-AIM) to plan and teach an instructional sequence on photosynthesis to 5th-grade students. Analysis of the preservice teacher's planned and enacted instructional sequences and interviews shows that the preservice teacher was successful in leveraging…

  10. Food Science and Technology. Teacher's Instructional Guide [and] Reference Book.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Texas Tech Univ., Lubbock. Curriculum Center for Family and Consumer Sciences.

    This reference book and teacher's instructional guide are intended for use in one- and two-year food science and technology programs for Texas high school students. The reference book provides information needed by employees in the food science and technology occupational area. Each chapter includes the following components: (1) a list of the…

  11. The Abacus: Instruction by Teachers of Students with Visual Impairments

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Amato, Sheila; Hong, Sunggye; Rosenblum, L. Penny

    2013-01-01

    Introduction: This article, based on a study of 196 teachers of students with visual impairments, reports on the experiences with and opinions related to their decisions about instructing their students who are blind or have low vision in the abacus. Methods: The participants completed an online survey on how they decide which students should be…

  12. General Metal Trades. Book II. Units of Instruction. Teacher's Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hohhertz, Durwin

    This teacher's guide was developed to aid in presenting units on general metal trades to students in Texas. The units are intended to provide students with basic knowledge and skills for each area of instruction in the general metal trades, and with the basic entry-level skills they will need to have in order to enter industry as trained workers.…

  13. Health Occupations Education. Units of Instruction. Teacher's Guide. Volume I.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    East Texas State Univ., Commerce. Occupational Curriculum Lab.

    This manual is the first part of a two-volume teacher's guide to a series of instructional units for use in health occupations education programs in Texas. Covered in the 10 units included in this volume are the following topics: taking and recording vital signs; job applications and interviews; grooming and personal hygiene; health careers;…

  14. Converging Instructional Technology and Critical Intercultural Pedagogy in Teacher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pittman, Joyce

    2007-01-01

    Purpose: This paper aims to postulate an emerging unified cultural-convergence framework to converge the delivery of instructional technology and intercultural education (ICE) that extends beyond web-learning technologies to inculcate inclusive pedagogy in teacher education. Design/methodology/approach: The paper explores the literature and a…

  15. Review of "Teachers in the Age of Digital Instruction"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Huerta, Luis A.

    2012-01-01

    The Fordham Institute's "Teachers in the Age of Digital Instruction" is an advocacy document outlining a vision for how technology might transform the teaching profession. The report's rationale is based on claims that the current education system lacks the capacity to support the revolutionary changes needed to unleash the technological…

  16. English Teacher Candidates Developing Dialogically Organized Instructional Practices

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Caughlan, Samantha; Juzwik, Mary M.; Borsheim-Black, Carlin; Kelly, Sean; Fine, Jodene Goldenring

    2013-01-01

    Although mounting research evidence suggests that dialogic teaching correlates with student achievement gains and with high levels of student engagement, little work in English education addresses the challenge of supporting new teachers in developing dialogically organized instructional practices. In a design-based study, we examine a curricular…

  17. An Instructional System for Consumer Decision-Making: Teacher's Manual.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Suchman, J. Richard; DiSario, Martha R.

    An instructional system is presented for building the competencies of adult basic education students in making consumer decisions, and offers a guide to teachers who wish to design their own decision-making problems for students. The first four chapters provide a brief introduction, discuss the rational consumer decision-making process and the…

  18. Instructional Note: Rotating Teacher Participation in Workshop Groups

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Casey, Moira E.

    2005-01-01

    This instructional note describes the process of rotating teacher participation in peer workshop groups and how this practice can enhance the workshop group dynamics, ease instructors' grading loads, and improve the level of peer feedback and draft revision in composition courses. (Contains 1 end note.)

  19. General Metal Trades Book I. Units of Instruction. Teacher's Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    East Texas State Univ., Commerce. Occupational Curriculum Lab.

    This teacher's guide provides instructional materials for a 10-unit course in the General Metal Trades program. Each unit includes most or all of these basic components: performance objectives (unit and specific objectives), suggested teaching activities (a sheet outlining steps to follow to accomplish specific objectives), information sheets,…

  20. Early Career Teachers' Self-Efficacy for Balanced Reading Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hastings, Petra

    2012-01-01

    According to Bandura (1986; 1997), perceptions of efficacy are based on four sources: enactive attainment; vicarious experience; physiological and emotional states; and verbal persuasion. The factors affecting Early Career Teachers' self-efficacy for reading instruction are closely related to these four sources. It is not difficult to imagine an…

  1. Media and Sexism (An Instructional Manual for Secondary School Teachers).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Byerly, Carolyn M.

    This manual presents background information and teaching activities for secondary school instruction on the relationship of sex roles and the media in American society. Section I provides background for teachers by defining basic terms, presenting a brief history of the mass media, and discussing why media are thought to play a strong role in…

  2. Handwriting Instruction: An Analysis of Perspectives from Three Elementary Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sharp, Laurie; Brown, Tiffany

    2015-01-01

    Handwriting is an essential skill for learners, but advancements with technology have greatly altered perceptions towards handwriting and handwriting instruction. This study sought to determine the current state of handwriting through an exploratory analysis of the teaching experiences of three practicing elementary teachers with varying…

  3. Teacher Training Designs for Improving Instruction in Interracial Classrooms.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chesler, Mark A.

    Teachers in racially desegregated classrooms often need special instruction or retraining for the peculiar academic and social problems of their students. Planning such training programs involves identifying change "targets" (persons or relations the change efforts will focus on) and choosing appropriate "strategies" or training methods. Targets…

  4. An Instructional System in Physical Science, Teacher's Guide and Keys.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Washington State Univ., Pullman.

    This manual is a teacher's guide to a self-instructional program in basic physical science, designed for high school students who have not had a course in chemistry or physics. There are six units in the manual relating to these areas: problem solving and experimental procedures; universal standards, metric system and conversion; mechanics; the…

  5. Beginning English: An Instructional Guide for ESL Teachers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brower, Lynne

    An instructional guide for English as a Second Language (ESL) teachers is presented in this volume. The 18-week program contains the following modules, each of which includes sections on civics and structure: human relations; general information; housing; consumer education (money, banking, and shopping modules); occupations; health (two modules…

  6. Health Occupations Education. Units of Instruction. Teacher's Guide. Volume II.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williams, Catherine

    This manual is the second part of a two-volume teacher's guide to a series of instructional units for use in health occupations education programs in Texas. Covered in the 10 units included in this volume are the following topics: special procedures (administering oxygen to patients; using elastic bandages; assisting with postural drainage; and…

  7. Teacher Instructional Practices and Language Minority Students: A Longitudinal Model

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chang, Mido

    2008-01-01

    The author examined the long-term effects of teacher instructional grouping practices on the early mathematical achievement of language minority students from various ethnic groups. The study used 3 longitudinal models. In the 1st model, English language learners (ELLs) displayed lower math performance than did English-only students in the…

  8. Connecting Instructional Technology Professional Development to Teacher and Student Outcomes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martin, Wendy; Strother, Scott; Beglau, Monica; Bates, Lauren; Reitzes, Timothy; Culp, Katherine McMillan

    2010-01-01

    This article presents findings from an evaluation of an instructional-technology professional development (PD) program that uses many practices advocated by PD experts. In this multiphase evaluation, evaluators examined the program, determined whether variations in program implementation had an impact on teacher outcomes, and then looked at…

  9. Teacher Utilization of Instructional Consultation Teams

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Berger, Jill; Yiu, Ho Lam; Nelson, Deborah; Vaganek, Megan; Rosenfield, Sylvia; Gravois, Todd; Gottfredson, Gary; Vu, Phuong; Shanahan, Kate; Hong, Vanessa

    2014-01-01

    Data regarding intervention utilization among the target population are critical to interpret evidence from efficacy trials for school-based interventions. When use of the intervention is voluntary, intervention diffusion becomes a particularly critical variable. We examined the use of Instructional Consultation Teams (IC Teams), a voluntary…

  10. Restructuring Preservice Teacher Instructional Media Courses.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Robinson, Carole S.; Brewer, Sally; Erickson, David

    This paper describes the University of Montana's efforts in migrating an undergraduate instructional media course from a traditional stand-and-deliver model to a World Wide Web-based electronic classroom. The rationale is presented, including the background for the decision making move and a description of similarities and differences of both…

  11. Teacher Qualifications, Instructional Practices, and Reading and Mathematics Gains of Kindergartners. Research and Development Report. NCES 2006-031

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guarino, Cassandra M.; Hamilton, Laura S.; Lockwood, J. R.; Rathbun, Amy H.

    2006-01-01

    In this study, data from ECLS-K are used to estimate the degree to which specific aspects of teacher training--the teaching credential and coursework in pedagogy--and teaching experience are associated with student achievement. In addition, the study identifies the teacher-reported instructional practices associated with student achievement gains…

  12. Generalizing from Observations of Mathematics Teachers' Instructional Practice Using the Instructional Quality Assessment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilhelm, Anne Garrison; Kim, Sungyeun

    2015-01-01

    One crucial question for researchers who study teachers' classroom practice is how to maximize information about what is happening in classrooms while minimizing costs. This report extends prior studies of the reliability of the Instructional Quality Assessment (IQA), a widely used classroom observation toolkit, and offers insight into the often…

  13. Patterns of Teacher's Instructional Moves: What Makes Mathematical Instructional Practices Unique?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pinter, Holly Henderson

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine patterns in fourth-grade teachers' use of instructional moves in the implementation of standards-based mathematical teaching practices. Using a mixed methods sequential explanatory design, the study consisted of two phases: quantitative selection and qualitative analysis. The first phase of the study…

  14. Teacher Knowledge and Instructional Quality of Beginning Teachers: Growth and Linkages

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Desimone, Laura; Hochberg, Eric D.; McMaken, Jennifer

    2016-01-01

    Background/Context: We lack strong and consistent information about which measures of knowledge matter most for good teaching and student learning, and what are trajectories of improvement for novice teachers. Research Questions: We explore the level, variation, and change in teacher knowledge and instruction in the first two years of teaching,…

  15. Music Performance Teachers' Conceptions about Learning and Instruction: A Descriptive Study of Spanish Piano Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bautista, Alfredo; Echeverria, Ma Del Puy Perez; Pozo, J. Ignacio

    2010-01-01

    There has been little research into the conceptions music performance teachers have about learning and instruction, by either psychological or educational researchers. The main aim of this study was to describe the conceptions of 45 Spanish piano teachers from music conservatories, by analysing their differences according to the variable…

  16. Preparing Content Area Teachers for Disciplinary Literacy Instruction: The Role of Literacy Teacher Educators

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fang, Zhihui

    2014-01-01

    The recent call for secondary reading instruction to move away from a focus on generic literacy strategies to discipline-specific language and literacy practices presents new challenges for secondary teacher preparation. This column identifies some of the roles literacy teacher educators can play in helping address these challenges.

  17. Classroom-Language Use in Teacher-Led Instruction and Teachers' Self-Perceived Roles

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chavez, Monika

    2006-01-01

    Many learners, especially those in a foreign-language setting, draw on the classroom as their primary forum for using and experiencing the target language, still for the most part during teacher-led instruction. Nevertheless, communicative language teaching does not provide a decisive definition of "good language use." Teachers usually take an…

  18. How Teachers' Self-Efficacy Is Related to Instructional Quality: A Longitudinal Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Holzberger, Doris; Philipp, Anja; Kunter, Mareike

    2013-01-01

    This study extends previous research on teachers' self-efficacy by exploring reciprocal effects of teachers' self-efficacy and instructional quality in a longitudinal panel study. The study design combined a self-report measure of teacher self-efficacy with teacher and student ratings of instructional quality (assessing cognitive activation,…

  19. New Literacies Instruction in Teacher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McPherson, Sarah; Wang, Shiang-Kwei; Hsu, Hui-Yin; Tsuei, Mengping

    2007-01-01

    Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) are transforming the priorities of the International Reading Association (IRA) and the National Council of Teachers of English (NCTE) to focus on preparing for the "new literacies." According to the Partnership of 21st Century Skills, "new literacy" is the ability to use ICTs to develop 21st…

  20. Legal Instruction within Initial Teacher Training

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hunter-Jones, John

    2006-01-01

    England's Training and Development Agency for Schools (TDA) requires that students, in order to qualify for teacher status, must undertake the study of law. This article reviews the TDA standards and considers its rationale for the selection of law. Such selection and the need, if any, to study law are contrasted with texts written for teachers…

  1. Changing Classroom Instruction: One Teacher's Perspective

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tolle, Penelope P.

    2015-01-01

    This article addresses the struggles teachers face when they attempt to change their teaching style in order to achieve an ideal mathematics classroom. With the implementation of the Common Core State Standards, many of the behaviors associated with an ideal mathematics classroom appear within the Standards for Mathematical Practice, on which…

  2. How the Best Teachers Differentiate Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Breaux, Elizabeth; Magee, Monique Boutte

    2010-01-01

    This accessible and practical guide shows teachers how to provide their students with a variety of ways to strengthen their understanding of new material. A selection of assessments is also available to ensure that students have mastered classroom content, regardless of their individual learning styles, abilities, and needs. This book contains 4…

  3. Transitioning from Teacher to Instructional Leader

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yost, Deborah S.; Vogel, Robert; Rosenberg, Michael D.

    2009-01-01

    Research has documented that skilled and highly effective teachers make a positive difference in student learning and achievement. Research has also shown that more time spent on quality professional development means more effective teaching. Hence, the National Middle School Association (NMSA) asserts that more research is needed that connects…

  4. A Year in the Writing Workshop: Linking Writing Instruction Practices and Teachers' Epistemologies and Beliefs about Writing Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Troia, Gary A.; Lin, Shin-ju Cindy; Cohen, Steven; Monroe, Brandon W.

    2011-01-01

    This article reports the findings from a year-long study of 6 writing teachers in an urban elementary school who also received intensive professional development in writing instruction from a nonprofit organization. Repeated observations demonstrated that the teachers displayed consistency in their use of the core instructional elements associated…

  5. New Tools for Research on Instruction and Instructional Policy: A Web-Based Teacher Log. A CTP Working Paper.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ball, Deborah Loewenberg; Camburn, Eric; Correnti, Richard; Phelps, Geoffrey; Wallace, Raven

    This paper discusses the initial development and testing of a Web-based instrument for collecting daily data on instruction. This teacher log was developed for use in the Study of Instructional Improvement, a longitudinal study on school improvement in high poverty areas. The researchers wanted to further develop the potential of teacher logs by…

  6. Instructional Practices of Teachers in General Education Classrooms & Gifted Resource Rooms: Development and Validation of the Instructional Practice Questionnaire

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hong, Eunsook; Greene, Mary T.; Higgins, Kyle

    2006-01-01

    An instrument to measure teachers' instructional practices, the Instructional Practice Questionnaire, was developed and validated in three phases. The questionnaires focused on three domains of instructional practices: cognitive, interpersonal, and interpersonal. First, an initial questionnaire was developed for a pilot study, and data were…

  7. In Classroom Mentor Teachers: An Addition to Mentor Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carney, Paul; Crilley, Elizabeth; Fala, John T.; Tully, Christopher; Strouse, Kathryn; Viviano, Thomas

    2012-01-01

    There have been numerous studies done on the impact that mentor teachers and new teacher induction plans have on the new teachers' success in the first couple of years. A lot of these studies were done in an attempt not only to determine how to attract good teachers, but to retain them. It is our hope in this article to also determine if by having…

  8. Effects of sustained teacher professional development on the classroom science instruction of elementary school teachers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hauck, Nancy

    The purpose of this study was to determine the extent to which sustained teacher professional development in science education affects the classroom instruction of elementary school teachers in third through sixth grade over a 3-year period. The teachers in the study were all elementary endorsed and prepared to be generalists in the content areas. Science reform has led to more content-specific science standards that are difficult for most elementary teachers to address without professional development. Recent studies on improving elementary science instruction suggest the need for professional development to be long term, embedded in teaching practice in the classroom, and rooted in research on how children learn science. The researcher examined changes in classroom instruction over a 3-year period of teachers who participated in a professional development program designed to meet the elementary science education reform based on recommendations from the National Research Council's report, Taking Science to School: Learning and Teaching Science in Grades K-8. The data that were analyzed to determine the effects of the professional development came from classroom observations of two sets of teachers, one of which was the control set (n = 20). The other was the experimental set (n =22). Classroom observations were administered one time each year over 3 years of treatment to determine whether sustained professional development in science impacted teacher practices in the classroom. This study suggested that classroom science instruction did significantly change through sustained professional development intervention. It also suggested that teaching practices improved in the areas of talk and argument, investigation and inquiry, modeling and representations, alignment with science core concepts, and addressing science misconceptions. Furthermore, findings indicated that teachers who received sustained professional development were more likely to have higher overall

  9. Selection of Instructional Methods and Techniques: The Basic Consideration of Teachers at Secondary School Level

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ahmad, Saira Ijaz; Malik, Samina; Irum, Jamila; Zahid, Rabia

    2011-01-01

    The main objective of the study was to identify the instructional methods and techniques used by the secondary school teachers to transfer the instructions to the students and to explore the basic considerations of the teachers about the selection of these instructional methods and techniques. Participants of the study included were 442 teachers…

  10. Developing Pre-Service Teachers' Technology Integration Expertise through the TPACK-Developing Instructional Model

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Koh, Joyce H. L.; Divaharan, Shanti

    2011-01-01

    This study describes the TPACK-Developing Instructional Model which prescribes an instructional process for developing pre-service teachers' Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge (TPACK) during the instruction of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) tools. This model proposes three phases for developing teachers' TPACK through ICT…

  11. Teachers' Personal Agency: Making Sense of Slope through Additive Structures

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walter, Janet G.; Gerson, Hope

    2007-01-01

    In the context of a three-year professional development program in mathematics, practicing elementary teachers persistently engaged in collaborative inquiry and reflection to build connected meanings for slope. One teacher invented a compelling representation for slope as a process of repeated addition, using Cuisenaire rods, based on teachers'…

  12. Teaching How to Write Instructional Objectives to Pre-Service Language Teachers through the ABCD Model

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kiliçkaya, Ferit

    2016-01-01

    This paper presents the use of the ABCD model as a way to train teachers of English to write clear and specific objectives. It is stated here that most of the instructional objectives written by pre-service teachers are inadequately formulated. With this in mind, pre-service teachers (n = 46) were trained in writing instructional objectives…

  13. Instructional Leadership Influence on Collective Teacher Efficacy to Improve School Achievement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fancera, Samuel F.; Bliss, James R.

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine whether instructional leadership functions, as defined in Hallinger's Principal Instructional Management Rating Scale, positively influence collective teacher efficacy to improve school achievement. Teachers from sample schools provided data for measures of collective teacher efficacy and instructional…

  14. Arts Integration Professional Development: Teacher Perspective and Transfer to Instructional Practice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Garrett, Jo Ann

    2010-01-01

    Limited data connect teacher training in arts integration (AI) to evidence that students benefit from arts integrated instruction. As teachers are challenged to facilitate instruction for a wide continuum of learning needs, and students are challenged to demonstrate learning through high-stakes testing, more data are needed on how teachers learn…

  15. Development of Preservice Teachers' Ability to Critique and Adapt Inquiry-Based Instructional Materials

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Duncan, Ravit Golan; Pilitsis, Vicky; Piegaro, Melissa

    2010-01-01

    Current standards emphasize student engagement with inquiry practices. However, implementing inquiry instruction is a formidable challenge for teachers as they often lack models for using and adapting inquiry-based instructional materials. Teacher education programs can provide scaffolded contexts for developing teachers' ability to critique,…

  16. One Teacher's Instructional Adaptations and Her Students' Reflections on the Adaptations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Parsons, Seth A.; Vaughn, Margaret

    2016-01-01

    Currently, much debate exists nationally regarding how to define and measure teacher effectiveness. Educators and researchers agree that adaptability is an important aspect of teacher effectiveness. Teachers must adapt their instruction to navigate the complexity of classroom instruction. However, little research has specifically examined teacher…

  17. Elementary School Teachers' Perspectives on Health Instruction: Implications for Health Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thackeray, Rosemary; Neiger, Brad L.; Bartle, Heidi; Hill, Susan C.; Barnes, Michael D.

    2002-01-01

    Investigated elementary school teachers' perspectives on barriers and enablers to teaching health in the classroom. Data from teacher interviews and focus groups revealed several barriers and few enablers, with three general thematic areas: existing policies or guidelines for instruction, limited instruction time, and teacher preferences. Overall,…

  18. Preservice Early Childhood Teachers' Self-Efficacy and Outcome Expectancy for ICT Integration in Science Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Worch, Eric A.; Li, Lan; Herman, Terry L.

    2012-01-01

    Although research on the integration of information and communication technology (ICT) with science instruction has identified significant benefits to students and teachers, K-12 teachers tend to underutilize ICT in their science instruction. This study used a quasi-experimental design to measure preservice early childhood teachers' attitudes…

  19. Effects of Professional Development on Teachers' Instruction: Results from a Three-year Longitudinal Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Desimone, Laura M.; Porter, Andrew C.; Garet, Michael S.; Yoon, Kwang Suk; Birman, Beatrice F.

    2002-01-01

    Examined the effects of professional development on teachers' instruction using a purposeful sample of about 207 teachers across 5 states for 1996-1999. Professional development focused on specific instructional practices increased teachers' use of those practices in the classroom, and specific features, such as active learning opportunities,…

  20. Factors Associated with Alignment between Teacher Survey Reports and Classroom Observation Ratings of Mathematics Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kaufman, Julia Heath; Stein, Mary Kay; Junker, Brian

    2016-01-01

    We investigated the alignment between a teacher survey self-report measure and classroom observation measure of ambitious mathematics instructional practice among teachers in two urban school districts using two different standards-based mathematics curricula. Survey reports suggested mild differences in teachers' instructional practices between…

  1. The Relationship between Early Elementary Teachers' Instructional Practices and Theoretical Orientations and Students' Growth in Writing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ritchey, Kristen D.; Coker, David L., Jr.; Jackson, Allison F.

    2015-01-01

    We investigated the relationship between 28 teachers' theoretical orientations to writing instruction and self-reported instructional practices and student writing performance. First-, second-, and third-grade teachers completed the Teacher Writing Orientation Scale developed by Graham, Harris, MacArthur, and Fink (2002) and reported the frequency…

  2. High School Teachers' Perceptions of Using Achievement Data to Improve Instructional Practices

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Quezada, Edwin M.

    2012-01-01

    In the Yonkers Public Schools district, teachers who are trained in data-driven instruction often fail to use their training to plan and deliver the instructional program. Identifying the reasons why this is the case from the teachers' perspective is important to district school leaders, school administrators, and teachers who desire to improve…

  3. Coaching Process Based on Transformative Learning Theory for Changing the Instructional Mindset of Elementary School Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kawinkamolroj, Milintra; Triwaranyu, Charinee; Thongthew, Sumlee

    2015-01-01

    This research aimed to develop coaching process based on transformative learning theory for changing the mindset about instruction of elementary school teachers. Tools used in this process include mindset tests and questionnaires designed to assess the instructional mindset of teachers and to allow the teachers to reflect on how they perceive…

  4. Teaching as Interaction: Challenges in Transitioning Teachers' Instruction to Small Groups

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wyatt, Tasha; Chapman-DeSousa, Brook

    2017-01-01

    Although small group instruction is often endorsed in teaching young children, teachers are rarely given explicit instruction on how to move instruction into small groups where effective adult-child interactions can take place. This study examines how 14 early childhood educators transitioned their instruction from whole to small group teaching…

  5. Professional development to differentiate kindergarten Tier 1 instruction: Can already effective teachers improve student outcomes by differentiating Tier 1 instruction?

    PubMed Central

    Otaiba, Stephanie Al; Folsom, Jessica S.; Wanzek, Jeannie; Greulich, Luana; Wasche, Jessica; Schatschneider, Christopher; Connor, Carol

    2015-01-01

    Two primary purposes guided this quasi-experimental within-teacher study: (1) to examine changes from baseline through two years of professional development (Individualizing Student Instruction) in kindergarten teachers’ differentiation of Tier 1 literacy instruction; (2) to examine changes in reading and vocabulary of three cohorts of the teachers’ students (n = 416). Teachers’ instruction was observed and students were assessed on standardized measures of vocabulary and word reading. Results suggested that teachers significantly increased their differentiation and students showed significantly greater word reading outcomes relative to baseline. No change was observed for vocabulary. Results have implications for supporting teacher effectiveness through technology-supported professional development. PMID:27346927

  6. Using inquiry-based instruction with Web-based data archives to facilitate conceptual change about tides among preservice teachers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ucar, Sedat

    The purpose of this mixed methods study was to describe and understand preservice teachers' conceptions of tides and to explore an instructional strategy that might promote the learning of scientific concepts. The participants were preservice teachers in three initial licensure programs. A total of 80 graduate students, in secondary, middle, and early childhood education programs completed a multiple choice assessment of their knowledge of tides-related concepts. Thirty of the 80 participants were interviewed before the instruction. Nineteen of the 30 students who were interviewed also participated in the instruction and were interviewed after the instruction. These 19 students also completed both the pre-test and 18 of them completed the post-test on tides and related content. Data regarding the participants' conceptual understandings of tides were collected before and after the instruction using both qualitative and quantitative data collection methods. A multiple choice pre-test was developed by the researcher. The same test was used before and after the instructional intervention. Structured interviews were conducted with participants before and after instruction. In addition to interviews, participants were asked to write a short journal after instruction. The constant comparative method was used to analyze the qualitative data. Preservice teachers' conceptual understandings of tides were categorized under six different types of conceptual understandings. Before the instruction, all preservice teachers held alternative or alternative fragments as their types of conceptual understandings of tides, and these preservice teachers who held alternative conceptions about tides were likely to indicate that there is one tidal bulge on Earth. They tried to explain this one tidal bulge using various alternative conceptions. After completing an inquiry-based and technology-enhanced instruction of tides, preservice teachers were more likely to hold a scientific conceptual

  7. Argumentation and Equity in Inquiry-Based Science Instruction: Reasoning Patterns of Teachers and Students

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Irish, Tobias E. L.

    This multiple case study explores issues of equity in science education through an examination of how teachers' reasoning patterns compare with students' reasoning patterns during inquiry-based lessons. It also examines the ways in which teachers utilize students' cultural and linguistic resources, or funds of knowledge, during inquiry-based lessons and the ways in which students utilize their funds of knowledge, during inquiry-based lessons. Three middle school teachers and a total of 57 middle school students participated in this study. The data collection involved classroom observations and multiple interviews with each of the teachers individually and with small groups of students. The findings indicate that the students are capable of far more complex reasoning than what was elicited by the lessons observed or what was modeled and expected by the teachers, but that during the inquiry-based lessons they conformed to the more simplistic reasoning patterns they perceived as the expected norm of classroom dialogue. The findings also indicate that the students possess funds of knowledge that are relevant to science topics, but very seldom use these funds in the context of their inquiry-based lessons. In addition, the teachers in this study very seldom worked to elicit students' use of their funds in these contexts. The few attempts they did make involved the use of analogies, examples, or questions. The findings from this study have implications for both teachers and teacher educators in that they highlight similarities and differences in reasoning that can help teachers establish instructional congruence and facilitate more equitable science instruction. They also provide insight into how students' cultural and linguistic resources are utilized during inquiry-based science lessons.

  8. Secondary Science Teachers Making Sense of Model-Based Classroom Instruction: Understanding the Learning and Learning Pathways Teachers Describe as Supporting Changes in Teaching Practice

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hvidsten, Connie J.

    Connie J. Hvidsten September 2016 Education Secondary Science Teachers Making Sense of Model-Based Classroom Instruction: Understanding the Learning and Learning Pathways Teachers Describe as Supporting Changes in Teaching Practice This dissertation consists of three papers analyzing writings and interviews of experienced secondary science teachers during and after a two-year professional development (PD) program focused on model-based reasoning (MBR). MBR is an approach to science instruction that provides opportunities for students to use conceptual models to make sense of natural phenomena in ways that are similar to the use of models within the scientific community. The aim of this research is to better understand the learning and learning pathways teachers identified as valuable in supporting changes in their teaching practice. To accomplish this aim, the papers analyze the ways teachers 1) ascribe their learning to various aspects of the program, 2) describe what they learned, and 3) reflect on the impact the PD had on their teaching practice. Twenty-one secondary science teachers completed the Innovations in Science Instruction through Modeling (ISIM) program from 2007 through 2009. Commonalities in the written reflections and interview responses led to a set of generalizable findings related to the impacts and outcomes of the PD. The first of the three papers describes elements of the ISIM program that teachers associated with their own learning. One of the most frequently mentioned PD feature was being in the position of an adult learner. Embedding learning in instructional practice by collaboratively developing and revising lessons, and observing the lessons in one-another's classrooms provided a sense of professional community, accountability, and support teachers reported were necessary to overcome the challenges of implementing new pedagogical practices. Additionally, teachers described that opportunities to reflect on their learning and connect their

  9. Students' Evocative Impact on Teacher Instruction and Teacher-Child Relationships

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nurmi, Jari-Erik; Kiuru, Noona

    2015-01-01

    Classroom research has typically focused on the role of teaching practices and the quality of instruction in children's academic performance, motivation and adjustment--in other words, classroom interactions initiated by the teacher. The present article presents a model of classroom interactions initiated by the child, that is, the notion that a…

  10. Linking Teacher Instruction and Student Achievement in Mathematics: The Role of Teacher Language

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grammer, Jennie K.; Coffman, Jennifer L.; Sidney, Pooja; Ornstein, Peter A.

    2016-01-01

    Although high-quality early educational environments are thought to be related to the growth of children's skills in mathematics, relatively little is known about specific aspects of classroom instruction that may promote these abilities. Data from a longitudinal investigation were used to investigate associations between teachers' language while…

  11. Teacher Knowledge about Technology Integration: An Examination of Inservice and Preservice Teachers' Instructional Decision-Making

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Greenhow, Christine; Dexter, Sara; Hughes, Joan E.

    2008-01-01

    This study compared the abilities of inservice and preservice teachers to demonstrate an understanding of technology integration and to apply such knowledge to instructional decision-making. Using a set of online content-specific multimedia scenarios to resolve complex problems of teaching with technology in a simulated school environment,…

  12. School District Professional Learning: Teachers' Perceptions of Instructional Leadership, Teacher Practice, and Student Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Avery, Christine M.

    2013-01-01

    This dissertation study includes an evaluation of a school district model of professional learning that aims to improve school administrators' instructional leadership skills and teacher practice to positively impact student learning. This study employs a valid and reliable survey instrument that measures professional learning standards. The…

  13. Documenting Elementary Teachers' Sustainability of Instructional Practices: A Mixed Method Case Study

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cotner, Bridget A.

    years (2008 and 2013). Additionally, a classroom observation was conducted with one of the interviewed teachers in 2013. Qualitative analyses were conducted following the constant comparative method and were facilitated by ATLAS.ti v. 6.2, a qualitative analysis software program. Qualitative findings identified themes at the district level that influenced teachers' use of Teaching SMARTRTM strategies. All the themes were classified as obstacles to sustainability: economic downturn, turnover of teachers and lack of hiring, new reform policies, such as Race to the Top, Student Success Act, Common Core State Standards, and mandated blocks of time for specific content. Results from the survey data showed no statistically significant difference through time in perceived instructional practices except for a perceived decrease in the use of hands-on instructional activities from 2008 to 2013. Analyses conducted at the individual teacher level found change scores were statistically significant for a few teachers, but overall, teachers reported similarly on the teacher survey at both time points. This sustainability study revealed the lack of facilitating factors to support the continuation of reform practices; however, teachers identified strategies to continue to implement some of the reform practices through time in spite of a number of system-wide obstacles. This sustainability study adds to the literature by documenting obstacles to sustainability in this specific context, which overlap with what is known in the literature. Additionally, the strategies teachers identified to overcome some of the obstacles to implement reform practices and the recommendations by district level administrators add to the literature on how stakeholders may support sustainability of reform through time.

  14. Preparing Preservice Teachers for Inclusive Coteaching: A New Approach for Mathematics Methods Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carnell, Lisa J.; Tillery, Mariann W.

    2005-01-01

    This article describes how a three-week module was inserted into an elementary mathematics methods course in order to demonstrate coteaching models for preservice teachers and to provide preservice teachers with instructional strategies for special needs students.

  15. Teachers' Reactions to and Use of the Florida Nursery Operations Instructional Materials.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Curry, Thomas L.; Cheek, Jimmy G.

    1982-01-01

    This study was conducted to determine the reactions of selected agribusiness and natural resources education teachers in Florida to the Nursery Operations Instructional Materials and to identify how the teachers used these materials. (SSH)

  16. Outcomes of Nature of Science Instruction along a Context Continuum: Preservice Secondary Science Teachers' Conceptions and Instructional Intentions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bell, Randy L.; Mulvey, Bridget K.; Maeng, Jennifer L.

    2016-01-01

    This investigation examined outcomes associated with nature of science (NOS) instruction along a science-content context continuum on the development of secondary preservice science teachers' conceptions of and plans to teach NOS, moving beyond the common dichotomy of contextualized versus noncontextualized instruction. Participants comprised six…

  17. Conceptualizing Relations between Instructional Guidance Infrastructure (IGI) and Teachers' Beliefs about Mathematics Instruction: Regulative, Normative, and Cultural-Cognitive Considerations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hopkins, Megan; Spillane, James P.

    2015-01-01

    Scholars have become increasingly interested in what is often referred to as the instructional guidance infrastructure (IGI). Research has identified the characteristics of infrastructures that make them more or less influential in guiding teachers' instruction, such as alignment, authority, and prescriptiveness. Although these are important, a…

  18. Relationship Between Teacher Inquiry Science Instruction Self-Efficacy and Student Achievement

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hanners, Grace D.

    Standardized test data indicate that student achievement in science is a problem both nationally and locally. At the study site, only a small percentage of fifth-grade students score at the advanced level on the Maryland state science assessment (MSA). In addition, the performance of African American, economically disadvantaged, and special education students is well below that of the general student population. Some studies have shown that teacher self-efficacy affects student achievement. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between fifth-grade teacher inquiry science instruction self-efficacy scores and the scores of their students on the MSA. Bandura's work on the effect of self-efficacy on human behavior provided the theoretical basis for this study. The research questions examined the relationship between teacher inquiry science instructional self-efficacy scores and students' science MSA scores as well as the relationship by student subgroups. A correlational research design was used. The Teaching Science as Inquiry survey instrument was used to quantify teacher self-efficacy, and archival MSA data were the source for student scores. The study included data from 22 teachers and 1,625 of their students. A 2-tailed Pearson coefficient analysis revealed significant, positive relationships with regard to overall student achievement ( r20 = .724, p < .01) and the achievement of each of the subgroups (African American: r20 = .549, p < .01; economically disadvantaged: r20 = .655, p < .01; and special education: r18 = .532, p < .05). The results of this study present an opportunity for positive social change because the local school system can provide professional development that may increase teacher inquiry science instruction self-efficacy as a possible means to improve overall science achievement and to reduce achievement gaps.

  19. An assessment of mathematics teachers' Internet self-efficacy: implications on teachers' delivery of mathematics instruction

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tella, Adedeji

    2011-03-01

    This study examined the mathematics teachers' Internet self-efficacy and its possible influence on the delivery of mathematics instruction. The participants were 90 mathematics teachers selected from various schools in five local government areas of Osun State, Nigeria. The results demonstrated that to a great extent mathematics teachers have high Internet self-efficacy and that correlation exists between mathematics teachers' age, Internet usage and Internet self-efficacy. Irrespective of gender, mathematics teachers have the same level of Internet self-efficacy. Moreover, Internet self-efficacy and usage were revealed to drastically improve the way teacher teach mathematics and conduct research. Upon these findings, it was recommended that mathematics teachers who do not know how to browse and search the Internet should consider doing so now without wasting much time. There is also the need to increase Internet usage, on the part of the mathematics teachers who just begin using the Internet. They need to do this considering the fact that increased usage leads to high Internet self-efficacy. Moreover, it is high time to close the technology gender gap which has been in existence since a long time. This can start from the mathematics teachers.

  20. Enabling Secondary Level Teachers to Integrate Technology through ICT Integrated Instructional System

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bose, Sutapa

    2010-01-01

    Institutions providing pre-service teacher education are responsible for preparing teachers capable of functioning in the knowledge society, which India aspires to be. Schools of a knowledge society would require teachers to integrate technology into the instructional system and they are to be prepared for it accordingly through teacher education…

  1. THE TEACHER, PROGRAMED MATERIALS, AND INSTRUCTIONAL INTERACTION, SUPPLEMENTAL MANUAL.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    ARCHER, N. SIDNEY; AND OTHERS

    THIS IS A SOURCE MANUAL TO ASSIST TEACHERS OF PROGRAMED ALGEBRA IN PROVIDING FOR INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES AMONG STUDENTS. THE MATERIAL WAS INTENDED FOR ASSIGNMENT TO SELECTED STUDENTS WHO REQUIRE ADDITIONAL MATERIALS TO SATISFY VARIOUS ABILITIES AND TALENTS. IN ADDITION TO REFERENCE LISTS ON FILMS AND FILMSTRIPS, PRINTED BIBLIOGRAPHIES WERE PREPARED…

  2. THE TEACHER, PROGRAMED MATERIALS, AND INSTRUCTIONAL INTERACTION, SUPPLEMENTAL MANUAL.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    ARCHER, N. SIDNEY; AND OTHERS

    A DESCRIPTION OF MATHEMATICS DRILL PROBLEMS AND ENRICHMENT ACTIVITIES HAS RESULTED IN A SOURCE MANUAL TO ASSIST TEACHERS OF PROGRAMED ALGEBRA IN PROVIDING FOR INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES AMONG STUDENTS. THE MATERIAL WAS INTENDED FOR ASSIGNMENT TO SELECTED STUDENTS WHO REQUIRE ADDITIONAL MATERIALS TO SATISFY VARIOUS ABILITIES AND TALENTS. IN ADDITION TO…

  3. Factors in Instructional Decision-Making, Ratings of Evidence and Intended Instructional Practices of Australian Final Year Teacher Education Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carter, Mark; Stephenson, Jennifer; Hopper, Toni

    2015-01-01

    There has been increasing interest in an evidence-based approach to education in Australia, but relatively little research has provided relevant data on knowledge of the evidence base for instructional practices among teachers preparing to enter the profession. Final year teacher education students (N = 290) in 15 Australian tertiary institutions…

  4. Use of Direct Instruction to Teach Reading to Students with Significant Cognitive Impairments: Student Outcomes and Teacher Perceptions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kanfush, Philip Michael, III.

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine whether students with significant cognitive impairments make measurable gains in reading skills as measured by the Woodcock Reading Mastery Tests--Revised when taught using Direct Instruction reading programs. Additionally, the study explored teacher perceptions of the effectiveness of Direct Instruction…

  5. Introducing an iPad App into Literacy Instruction for Struggling Readers: Teacher Perceptions and Student Outcomes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    D'Agostino, Jerome V.; Rodgers, Emily; Harmey, Sinéad; Brownfield, Katherine

    2016-01-01

    There is a critical need, according to national policy statements in the United States, to integrate information and communication technologies into instruction, and yet research about the effect of such integration on the literacy learning of at-risk populations is scant. In addition, barriers exist that prevent teachers from realizing the goal…

  6. Teacher Knowledge, Curriculum Materials, and Quality of Instruction: Unpacking a Complex Relationship

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Charalambous, Charalambos Y.; Hill, Heather C.

    2012-01-01

    The set of papers presented in this issue comprise a multiple-case study which attends to instructional resources--teacher knowledge and curriculum materials--to understand how they individually and jointly contribute to instructional quality. We approach this inquiry by comparing lessons taught by teachers with differing mathematical knowledge…

  7. Experimental Evaluation of Instructional Consultation Teams on Teacher Beliefs and Practices

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vu, Phuong; Shanahan, Katherine Bruckman; Rosenfield, Sylvia; Gravois, Todd; Koehler, Jessica; Kaiser, Lauren; Berger, Jill; Vaganek, Megan; Gottfredson, Gary D.; Nelson, Deborah

    2013-01-01

    Instructional Consultation Teams (IC Teams) are an early intervention service intended to support teachers in working with struggling students. This is a large-scale experimental trial investigating the effects of IC Teams on teacher efficacy, instructional practices, collaboration, and job satisfaction. Public elementary schools (N = 34) were…

  8. Examining the Beliefs and Instructional Practices of Technology Teachers Regarding Copyright Laws

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Parker, Zachari. A.

    2012-01-01

    The influence that teacher beliefs have on classroom instructional practices in areas such as science and mathematics have been studied and documented by researchers. However, only a few researchers were found to have specifically investigated the influence of technology teachers' beliefs on instructional practices, relating to the teaching…

  9. Computer-Managed Practice: Effects on Instructional Methods and on Teacher Adoption.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hativa, Nira; And Others

    1990-01-01

    Israeli teachers (N=142) were surveyed in a study designed to identify the effects of computer-managed practice on teaching methods, factors which encouraged teachers' adoption of computers for instruction, and the effects of this type of instruction on student learning. (IAH)

  10. The Translation of Teachers' Understanding of Gifted Students into Instructional Strategies for Teaching Science

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Park, Soonhye; Oliver, J. Steve

    2009-01-01

    This study examined how instructional challenges presented by gifted students shaped teachers' instructional strategies. This study is a qualitative research grounded in a social constructivist framework. The participants were three high school science teachers who were teaching identified gifted students in both heterogeneously- and…

  11. Impacts of Contextual and Explicit Instruction on Preservice Elementary Teachers' Understandings of the Nature of Science

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bell, Randy L.; Matkins, Juanita Jo; Gansneder, Bruce M.

    2011-01-01

    This mixed-methods investigation compared the relative impacts of instructional approach and context of nature of science instruction on preservice elementary teachers' understandings. The sample consisted of 75 preservice teachers enrolled in four sections of an elementary science methods course. Independent variables included instructional…

  12. Exemplary Social Studies Teachers Use of Computer-Supported Instruction in the Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Acikalin, Mehmet

    2010-01-01

    Educators increasingly support the use of computer-supported instruction in social studies education. However few studies have been conducted to study teacher use of computer-supported instruction in social studies education. This study was therefore designed to examine the use of exemplary social studies teachers' computer-supported instruction…

  13. Supporting Teachers to Implement Contextualized and Interactive Practices in Vocabulary Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rimbey, Michelle; McKeown, Margaret; Beck, Isabel; Sandora, Cheryl

    2016-01-01

    This descriptive study explored how teachers implemented interactive practices during vocabulary instruction after participating in a professional development initiative comprised of an initial workshop to provide an overview of vocabulary research and instruction, opportunities for teachers to receive targeted feedback on audiotaped classroom…

  14. Explore Elementary Teachers' Professional Knowledge of Guiding Science Fair Product by Using Different Instruction Model

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lu, Chow-Chin

    2013-01-01

    This research is about using two different instruction models, "theory course combined with sample introduction" and "theory course combined with case method teaching", to instruct elementary teachers on how to guide the science fair product in two courses (16 and 12 teachers in each class) and observe their guiding tactics after the instructed…

  15. An Analysis of Instructional Planning Skills of Social Studies Teacher Trainees

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Napier, John D.; Klingensmith, Charles F.

    1977-01-01

    Planned instructional units developed by 60 teacher trainees were evaluated to determine how closely cognitive and affective objectives would be met by suggested activities. The conclusion is that programs in teacher education institutions have little effect on instructional planning skills of their trainees. (Author/DB)

  16. Examining Teachers' Use of Evidence-Based Practices during Core Mathematics Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Doabler, Christian T.; Nelson, Nancy J.; Kosty, Derek B.; Fien, Hank; Baker, Scott K.; Smolkowski, Keith; Clarke, Ben

    2014-01-01

    The extent to which teachers implement evidence-based practices, such as explicit instruction, is critical for improving students' mathematics achievement. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of the kindergarten "Early Learning in Mathematics" (ELM) curriculum on teachers' use of explicit mathematics instruction in core…

  17. Preservice Teachers' Guide for Learner-Centered Technology Integration into Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rice, Marilyn P.; Johnson, Daphne; Ezell, Bobby; Pierczynski-Ward, Michelle

    2008-01-01

    Purpose: Planning is a critical step in the process toward quality instruction and should also include consideration for what technology is appropriate for the lesson. Teacher educators must assist preservice teachers in learning this critical planning step of the instructional cycle. The purpose of this article is to present a step-by-step…

  18. Student-Centred Learning Environments: An Investigation into Student Teachers' Instructional Preferences and Approaches to Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baeten, Marlies; Dochy, Filip; Struyven, Katrien; Parmentier, Emmeline; Vanderbruggen, Anne

    2016-01-01

    The use of student-centred learning environments in education has increased. This study investigated student teachers' instructional preferences for these learning environments and how these preferences are related to their approaches to learning. Participants were professional Bachelor students in teacher education. Instructional preferences and…

  19. Seven Teachers' Acceptance of Transactional Strategies Instruction during Their First Year Using It.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    El-Dinary, Pamela Beard; Schuder, Ted

    1993-01-01

    Interviews and observations revealed that only two of seven teachers fully accepted the Students Achieving Independent Learning (SAIL) program, a strategies-based approach to reading instruction. A major challenge seemed to be that the teachers did not know how to coordinate SAIL with other reading instruction. (MDM)

  20. Select Novice Elementary Teachers' Perceived Knowledge and Implementation of High-Quality Reading Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bumstead, Stacey

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this mixed methods study was to examine select novice teachers' perceived knowledge of high-quality reading instruction, explore the extent that select novice teachers implemented high-quality reading instruction into their own classrooms, and to investigate any factors that explain the similarities and differences between…

  1. Maryland Middle School Teachers' Perceptions of Instructional Time Allotted to Social Studies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eaton, James W., Jr.

    2016-01-01

    As part of the 2001 No Child Left Behind federal statute, U.S. lawmakers reduced the amount of time that teachers could spend on social studies instruction in favor of devoting more instructional time to other core content areas. The Middle Years Program (MYP) is present in many local middle schools in Maryland, where MYP teachers spend equal…

  2. The Role of Library Research Instruction in Developing Teachers' Problem Solving Skills.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Hanlon, Nancy

    1988-01-01

    Library research skills instruction aids the development of critical, evaluative faculties in teacher trainees. This article describes a problem-solving simulation method (guided design simulation method) for teaching library skills, and discusses gains accruing to teachers and pupils from such instruction. (IAH)

  3. Guided Field Observations: Variables Related to Preservice Teachers' Knowledge about Effective Primary Reading Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roehrig, Alysia D.; Guidry, Lisa O.; Bodur, Yasar; Guan, Qun; Guo, Ying; Pop, Margareta

    2008-01-01

    Relations between preservice teachers' guided field observations of primary literacy instruction and knowledge about effective beginning reading practices were explored. Preservice teachers (n = 48) participated in a Directed Field Experience course including instruction on and observations of exemplary teaching practices promoting student…

  4. Instructional Materials Commonly Employed by Foreign Language Teachers at Elementary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Çakir, Ismail

    2015-01-01

    This study aimed to determine the teachers' choices of instructional materials in teaching English at elementary schools. The reasons behind preferring or not preferring some certain instructional materials specified within the research were analysed. To this end, during the course of School Experience, 68 prospective English teachers observed 38…

  5. The Impact of Mode of Instructional Delivery on Second Language Teacher Self-Efficacy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kissau, Scott; Algozzine, Bob

    2015-01-01

    Research has called into question the suitability of fully-online instruction for certain teacher preparation courses. Methodology coursework, in particular, has been singled out in research as ill-suited to online instruction. Recent research, for example, involving second language (L2) teacher candidates has demonstrated that aspiring teachers…

  6. Effects of Teachers' Instructional Development on Students' Study Approaches in Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stes, Ann; De Maeyer, Sven; Gijbels, David; Van Petegem, Peter

    2013-01-01

    Evidence regarding the impact of teachers' instructional development on student learning in higher education is scarce. In this study the authors investigate the impact of an instructional development programme for beginning university teachers on students' approach to studying. They also explore whether this impact is dependent on class size and…

  7. High School Teachers with Significant Teaching Experience Support the Effectiveness of Direct Instructional Strategies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nikolaros, John

    2014-01-01

    This research study was conducted to examine the effectiveness of direct instructional strategies regarding the achievement of students with ED. High school teachers with significant years of teaching experience in an urban setting support the effectiveness of direct instructional strategies. Teachers with 11-20 and 21-30 years of teaching…

  8. Assessing Teachers' Beliefs Regarding Issues Pertaining to Instruction of Higher Order Thinking.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shwartzer, Noa; Zohar, Anat

    The purposes of this study are to describe the development and validation of a research instrument for assessing teachers' beliefs regarding issues pertaining to the instruction of higher order thinking, and to explore the beliefs of Israeli science teachers regarding issues pertaining to instruction of higher order thinking. This paper describes…

  9. Is Teacher Knowledge Associated with Performance? On the Relationship between Teachers' General Pedagogical Knowledge and Instructional Quality

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    König, Johannes; Pflanzl, Barbara

    2016-01-01

    Researchers have identified general pedagogical knowledge (GPK) as a relevant category of teacher knowledge. However, hardly any study has examined the relationship between GPK of teachers and the instructional quality delivered to their students. This article therefore investigates the relationship between teachers' GPK assessed via a…

  10. What Teachers Want: A Statewide Survey of Reading and English Language Arts Teachers' Instructional Materials, Preferences, and Practices

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lenski, Susan; Larson, Mindy; McElhone, Dot; Davis, Dennis S.; Lauritzen, Carol; Villagómez, Amanda; Yeigh, Maika; Landon-Hays, Melanie; LeJeune, Marie; Scales, W. David

    2016-01-01

    This study reports the results of a survey of a representative sample of 1,206 elementary reading and English Language Arts teachers in Oregon to learn (1) what materials are currently being used, (2) what materials teachers would prefer, and (3) what instructional practices teachers use. Qualitative data included 365 comments and 34 interviews…

  11. Teacher's Guide to Accompany "Artes Latinae," the Encyclopaedia Britannica Latin Instructional System.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Masciantonio, Rudolph; And Others

    This guide, a supplement to the "Artes Latinae Level One Teacher's Manual," prepared for use in the School District of Philadelphia, focuses primarily on how to adapt this course, intended for individualized instruction, to group instruction. Discussion of the multisensory instructional system includes remarks concerning the use of films, study…

  12. Professional Values from Reading: The Influence of Reading on the Instructional Methodology of Teachers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shirley, Fehl L.

    The purposes of this study were to discover whether teachers can report the ways in which books, stories, poems, or articles have changed their concepts, attitudes, or behavior in relation to reading instruction, to learn the kinds of reading materials which have influenced their reading instruction, and to ascertain the instructional areas which…

  13. Examining Relations between Mathematics Teachers' Instructional Vision and Knowledge and Change in Practice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Munter, Charles; Correnti, Richard

    2017-01-01

    This article provides a longitudinal examination of how changes in more than 200 middle-grades mathematics teachers' instructional practices related to their (a) mathematical knowledge for teaching (MKT) and (b) instructional vision. Results of this multilevel regression analysis suggest that MKT and instructional vision are related to instruction…

  14. Exploring first-grade teachers' use of children's literature in science instruction

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rish, Melany

    The purpose of this study is to explore, through the use of case studies, two early childhood teachers' methods of teaching science using children's literature and how it effects their students' conceptions of science concepts. Four research questions guided this study: how do teachers use children's literature to address science concepts during instruction? how are children's understandings of science concepts affected when teachers use children's trade books that provide inaccurate information on a particular topic/concept? how are children's understandings of a particular science concept clarified when teachers address a misconception presented on the topic in a children's book? when children have misconceptions about science concepts, how are those misconceptions corrected? Data sources included classroom observations, teacher interviews, student interviews, and document surveys. All interviews were transcribed, and field notes were taken and expanded on. These interview transcriptions and expanded field notes were coded; patterns and themes were identified. A comparison of the experience of these two classrooms was made with the research literature. Recurrent themes confirmed from multiple data sources provide validity for this study (triangulation). The teacher participants in this study chose books that contained many inaccuracies. The teachers utilized open-ended questions and discussion to address science concepts during instruction while using children's literature. After sharing the stories with students, the teachers almost always extended the book sharing experience with additional activities to reinforce concepts. Though the teachers used books with inaccuracies, it was difficult to distinguish the influence of the children's book, especially the fiction stories, since many of the first grade students are still learning to distinguish reality and fantasy. The results from this study do not provide enough information to say whether or not it is the

  15. The effects of computer-assisted versus teacher-directed instruction on the multiplication performance of elementary students with learning disabilities.

    PubMed

    Wilson, R; Majsterek, D; Simmons, D

    1996-07-01

    The acquisition of multiplication facts by 4 elementary students with learning disabilities was compared under two instructional delivery formats-teacher directed and computer assisted. The two interventions were compared in terms of opportunities to respond and success rate. All students mastered more facts in the teacher-directed condition. In addition, teachers provided many more opportunities to respond and showed a higher success rate than did the software program. Implications of teacher-directed and computer-assisted instruction are discussed in terms of efficacy and feasibility.

  16. Instructional and behavior management practices implemented by elementary general education teachers.

    PubMed

    Reddy, Linda A; Fabiano, Gregory A; Dudek, Christopher M; Hsu, Louis

    2013-12-01

    This investigation examined 317 general education kindergarten through fifth-grade teachers' use of instructional and behavioral management strategies as measured by the Classroom Strategy Scale (CSS)-Observer Form, a multidimensional tool for assessing classroom practices. The CSS generates frequency of strategy use and discrepancy scores reflecting the difference between recommended and actual frequencies of strategy use. Hierarchical linear models (HLMs) suggested that teachers' grade-level assignment was related to their frequency of using instructional and behavioral management strategies: Lower grade teachers utilized more clear 1 to 2 step commands, praise statements, and behavioral corrective feedback strategies than upper grade teachers, whereas upper grade teachers utilized more academic monitoring and feedback strategies, content/concept summaries, student focused learning and engagement, and student thinking strategies than lower grade teachers. Except for the use of praise statements, teachers' usage of instructional and behavioral management strategies was not found to be related to years of teaching experience or to the interaction of years of teaching experience and grade-level assignment. HLMs suggested that teachers' grade level was related to their discrepancy scores of some instructional and behavioral management strategies: Upper grade teachers had higher discrepancy scores in academic performance feedback, behavioral feedback, and praise than lower grade teachers. Teachers' discrepancy scores of instructional and behavioral management strategies were not found to be related to years of teaching experience or to the interaction of years of teaching experience and grade-level assignment. Implications of results for school psychology practice are outlined.

  17. The Special Education Teacher as an Instructional Designer. Rational, Content, and Strategy for an Innovative Individualized Course on Instructional Design in Special Education. Working Paper 9.14.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thiagarajan, Sivasailam

    Provided are the rationale, content and strategy for an introductory course in instructional design for special education teachers. The teacher's need for varied competencies in instructional design, management and interaction are discussed. It is recommended that teacher training include development of such design skills as task analysis, learner…

  18. A phenomenological study on the impacts of embedding disciplinary literacy during science instruction on elementary teachers' metacognition of instructional techniques

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Weiss, Kelley

    The educational community has been increasing its focus on literacy for several years. The modern definition of literacy requires students to be an informed and integrated thinker, synthesizing new information beyond the mere ability to read and write (Guzzetti & Bang, 2011). This qualitative phenomenological study focused on how teachers of science view literacy and how that view changes when they implement the concept of disciplinary literacy into science instruction. This phenomenological study examined how teachers became more metacognitive of their instructional methods after implementation of the Question-Answer Relationship strategy (QAR) and direct vocabulary instruction into their science instruction. Teachers utilized schema theory and social cognitive theory to integrate the two strategies into their science lessons throughout the study. This phenomenological study collected data during a six-week implementation period through interviews, observations, teacher journals and collection of artifacts from 12 teachers who taught students in grades one through five and three literacy specialists in a rural central Maine school. These data sources were analyzed using Moustakas' (1994) seven steps to discover themes that were identified from the data. Findings from this study, as viewed through the pragmatic lens, suggested that teachers benefit from systematic reflection of their teaching to develop literacy rich content area lessons that address all of the students' learning needs.

  19. Teaching science to English Language Learners: Instructional approaches of high school teachers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Frank, Betty-Vinca N.

    Students who are English Language Learners (ELLs) form the fastest growing segment of the American school population. Prompted by the call for scientific literacy for all citizens, science educators too have investigated the intersection of language and science instruction of ELLs. However these studies have typically been conducted with elementary students. Few studies have explored how high school science teachers, particularly those who have not received any special training, approach science instruction of ELLs and what supports them in this endeavor. This was a qualitative case study conducted with five science teachers in one small urban high school that predominantly served ELLs. The purpose of this study was to examine instructional approaches used by teachers to make science accessible to ELLs and the factors that supported or inhibited them in developing their instructional approaches. This goal encompassed the following questions: (a) how teachers viewed science instruction of ELLs, (b) how teachers designed a responsive program to teach science to ELLs, (c) what approaches teachers used for curriculum development and instruction, (d) how teachers developed classroom learning communities to meet the needs of ELLs. Seven instructional strategies and five perceived sources of support emerged as findings of this research. In summary, teachers believed that they needed to make science more accessible for their ELL students while promoting their literacy skills. Teachers provided individualized attention to students to provide relevant support. Teachers engaged their students in various types of active learning lessons in social contexts, where students worked on both hands-on and meaning-making activities and interacted with their peers and teachers. Teachers also created classroom communities and learning spaces where students felt comfortable to seek and give help. Finally, teachers identified several sources of support that influenced their instructional

  20. Turkish Mathematics and Science Teachers' Technology Use in Their Classroom Instruction: Findings from TIMSS 2011

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tas, Yasemin; Balgalmis, Esra

    2016-01-01

    The goal of this study was to describe Turkish mathematics and science teachers' use of computer in their classroom instruction by utilizing TIMSS 2011 data. Analyses results revealed that teachers most frequently used computers for preparation purpose and least frequently used computers for administration. There was no difference in teachers'…

  1. Teacher Characteristics, Classroom Instruction, and Student Literacy and Language Outcomes in Bilingual Kindergartners

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cirino, Paul T.; Pollard-Durodola, Sharolyn D.; Foorman, Barbara R.; Carlson, Coleen D.; Francis, David J.

    2007-01-01

    This study investigated the relation of teacher characteristics, including ratings of teacher quality, to classroom instructional variables and to bilingual students' literacy and oral language outcomes at the end of the kindergarten year. Teacher characteristics included observational measures of oral language proficiency, quality, and classroom…

  2. Using Instructional Technology to Improve Preservice Teachers' Knowledge of Phonological Awareness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Driver, Melissa K.; Pullen, Paige C.; Kennedy, Michael J.; Williams, Mira Cole; Ely, Emily

    2014-01-01

    Teacher understanding of phonological awareness (PA) and how to teach PA is related to student outcomes; however, many teachers have an inadequate understanding of PA. The purpose of this study is to describe an intervention intended to improve preservice teachers' understanding of PA, using an example of instructional technology called Content…

  3. Using Enhanced Podcasts to Augment Limited Instructional Time in Teacher Preparation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kennedy, Michael J.; Hart, Juliet E.; Kellems, Ryan O.

    2011-01-01

    Teacher education programs are limited in terms of available face-to-face instructional time for preparing general education teacher candidates to work with students with exceptionalities. Given this constraint, developing innovative use of technologies may assist in meeting the demand for highly qualified teachers for such students. In this…

  4. Secondary School Mathematics Teachers' and Students' Views on Computer Assisted Mathematics Instruction in Turkey: Mathematica Example

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ardiç, Mehmet Alper; Isleyen, Tevfik

    2017-01-01

    This study aimed at determining the secondary school mathematics teachers' and students' views on computer-assisted mathematics instruction (CAMI) conducted via Mathematica. Accordingly, three mathematics teachers in Adiyaman and nine 10th-grade students participated in the research. Firstly, the researchers trained the mathematics teachers in the…

  5. How Teachers Link Ideas in Mathematics Instruction Using Speech and Gesture: A Corpus Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alibali, Martha W.; Nathan, Mitchell J.; Wolfgram, Matthew S.; Church, R. Breckinridge; Jacobs, Steven A.; Johnson Martinez, Chelsea; Knuth, Eric J.

    2014-01-01

    This research investigated how teachers express links between ideas in speech, gestures, and other modalities in middle school mathematics instruction. We videotaped 18 lessons (3 from each of 6 teachers), and within each, we identified "linking episodes"--segments of discourse in which the teacher connected mathematical ideas. For each…

  6. Professional Development in Scientifically Based Reading Instruction: Teacher Knowledge and Reading Outcomes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Podhajski, Blanche; Mather, Nancy; Nathan, Jane; Sammons, Janice

    2009-01-01

    This article reviews the literature and presents data from a study that examined the effects of professional development in scientifically based reading instruction on teacher knowledge and student reading outcomes. The experimental group consisted of four first- and second-grade teachers and their students (n = 33). Three control teachers and…

  7. What about Writing? A National Exploratory Study of Writing Instruction in Teacher Preparation Programs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Myers, Joy; Scales, Roya Q.; Grisham, Dana L.; Wolsey, Thomas DeVere; Dismuke, Sherry; Smetana, Linda; Yoder, Karen Kreider; Ikpeze, Chinwe; Ganske, Kathy; Martin, Susan

    2016-01-01

    This small scale, exploratory study reveals how writing instruction is taught to preservice teachers across the United States in university-based preservice teacher education programs based on online survey results from 63 teacher educators in literacy from 50 institutions. Despite the growing writing demands and high stakes writing sample testing…

  8. Conducting Talk in Secondary Science Classrooms: Investigating Instructional Moves and Teachers' Beliefs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pimentel, Diane Silva; McNeill, Katherine L.

    2013-01-01

    Whole-class discussion is a common instructional approach used by secondary science teachers. When orchestrated well, such an approach can provide students with opportunities to engage in extensive science talk with the benefit of teacher guidance and feedback. Our study investigated teachers' approaches to discussion during the piloting of an…

  9. An Examination of Teacher Thinking during a Collaborative Effort To Improve Elementary Cooperative Learning Literacy Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Deering, Paul D.; And Others

    Growing numbers of teachers are turning to cooperative learning methods for literacy instruction, yet recent studies suggest that teachers hold theories of cooperative learning which are unrelated, or even antithetical, to helping students learn to become strategic, independent readers. This paper reports on a study that examined seven teachers'…

  10. Literacy Coaching: Middle School Academic Achievement and Teacher Perceptions Regarding Content Area Literacy Strategy Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Edwards, Anjell H.; Neill, Patricia; Faust, Phyllis B.

    2015-01-01

    This study examined differences in perceptions of content area teachers receiving literacy coaching and teachers receiving no literacy coaching regarding implementation of literacy instruction. It also examined student achievement on standardized tests relative to literacy coaching. A survey measured teachers' perceptions regarding their…

  11. Three Korean Heritage Language Teachers' Identities, Their Identification of Their Students, and Their Instructional Practices

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kim, Jung-In; Kim, Miseon

    2016-01-01

    This study examined the instructional focuses and practices of three Korean heritage language (HL) teachers in community-based HL schools related not only to their constructed identities as HL teachers, but also to their students. Constant-comparative analyses of interviews and classroom observations across the three teacher cases showed that each…

  12. Teachers' Beliefs and Technology: Calculator Use in Mathematics Instruction in Junior Secondary Schools in Botswana

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Salani, End

    2013-01-01

    Lesson starts are transitional events which may cause management problems for teachers. This study sought junior secondary school mathematics teachers' beliefs about calculator use in mathematics instruction in Botswana and was descriptive in nature adopting a survey design. The sample of seventeen (17) mathematics teachers from four (4) junior…

  13. Level of Self-Efficacy of Prospective Mathematics Teachers on Competencies for Planning and Organizing Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    San, Ismail

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the level of self-efficacy of prospective mathematics teachers (PMTs) on the competency "planning and organizing instruction" that is one of the teacher competencies identified in 2009 by Ministry of Education. The sample of this study consists of 111 total prospective teachers (PTs) study in…

  14. Delving Deeper into the Construct of Preservice Teacher Beliefs about Reading Instruction for Students with Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leko, Melinda M.; Kulkarni, Saili; Lin, Meng-Chuan; Smith, Shane A.

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to complete an in-depth examination of the construct of teacher beliefs by investigating preservice teachers' beliefs about reading instruction for students with disabilities. Interview and artifact data were collected for 11 preservice teachers during a 10-month period. Dimensions of beliefs investigated were…

  15. Instructional Support and Implementation Structure during Elementary Teachers' Science Education Simulation Use

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gonczi, Amanda L.; Chiu, Jennifer L.; Maeng, Jennifer L.; Bell, Randy L.

    2016-01-01

    This investigation sought to identify patterns in elementary science teachers' computer simulation use, particularly implementation structures and instructional supports commonly employed by teachers. Data included video-recorded science lessons of 96 elementary teachers who used computer simulations in one or more science lessons. Results…

  16. Teachers' Views of the Effectiveness of United Arab Emirates Kindergarten Curriculum, Instructional Strategies, and Assessment Procedures

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Momani, Ibrahim Al- A.; Ihmeideh, Fathi M.; Momani, Mohammad

    2008-01-01

    The present study aimed at investigating kindergarten teachers' views of the curriculum, instruction, and assessment. Data were collected by an open-ended questionnaire, interviews, and observations. Forty-four kindergarten teachers in the United Arab Emirates responded to the questionnaire; six teachers were later interviewed. Results revealed…

  17. Teachers' Experiences with Literacy Instruction for Dual-Media Students Who Use Print and Braille

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Herzberg, Tina S.; Rosenblum, Penny; Robbins, Mary E.

    2017-01-01

    Introduction: This study analyzed survey responses from 84 teachers of students with visual impairments who had provided literacy instruction to dual-media students who used both print and braille. Methods: These teachers in the United States and Canada completed an online survey during spring 2015. Results: The teachers reported that they…

  18. Authoritative and Authoritarian-Inconsistent Teachers' Preferences for Teaching Methods and Instructional Goals

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Uibu, Krista; Kikas, Eve

    2014-01-01

    Preferences for teaching methods are influenced by several factors, including instructional goals, teacher's management style, experience and education. To discover in which ways primary school teachers with different management styles vary in their preferences for students' cognitive and social development, 128 teachers of Estonia were…

  19. Metrics Matter: How Properties and Perceptions of Data Shape Teachers' Instructional Responses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Farrell, Caitlin C.; Marsh, Julie A.

    2016-01-01

    Purpose: Supporting teachers' use of data has become a large part of educational leaders' instructional leadership. Drawing on sensemaking theory, we explore how features of data and teachers' perceptions of them may matter when teachers consider student learning data. Design: The article draws on a 1-year, comparative case study of five…

  20. Beyond strategies: teacher beliefs and writing instruction in two primary inclusion classrooms.

    PubMed

    Berry, Ruth A Wiebe

    2006-01-01

    Links between teachers' pedagogical beliefs and teaching practices were investigated with respect to process writing instruction. Participants included 5 teachers, 44 general education students, and 23 special education students in 2 elementary multi-age inclusion classrooms. Findings suggested that, although the teachers shared similar views on inclusion and were convinced of the uniqueness of their respective instructional approaches, they nuanced their writing instruction to conform to their implicit theories about teaching, learning, and disability. One set of teachers believed that the writing "breakdowns" of students with disabilities required a structural approach-sequenced, individualized, phonics-based instruction targeting individual performance levels. Another set of teachers advocated a relational approach, wherein students with disabilities are "protected" and "empowered" in learning communities characterized by shared activities, student choice, and interpersonal communication.

  1. The Power of Reflective Professional Development in Changing Elementary School Teachers' Instructional Practices

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cavedon, Carolina Christmann

    With the new goal of K-12 education being to prepare students to be college and career ready at the end of high school, education needs to start changing at the elementary school level. The literature suggests that teachers need reflective professional development (PD) to effectively teach to the new standards and to demonstrate change to their current instructional practices. This mixed-method multiple-case study investigated the impacts of a reflective professional development (PD) in changing elementary school teachers' instructional practices. Teachers Instructional Portfolios (TIPs) were scored with a TIP rubric based on best practices in teaching mathematics problem-solving and science inquiry. The TIPs were also analyzed with a qualitative coding scheme. Case descriptions were written and all the collected data were used to explain the impacts of the reflective PD on changes in teachers' instructional practices. While we found no predictive patterns in relation to teachers changing their classroom practices based on the reflective PD, we claim that teachers' desire to change might contribute to improvements in instruction. We also observed that teachers' self-assessment scores tend to be higher than the actual TIP scores corroborating with the literature on the usage of self-assessment to evaluate teachers' instructional practices.

  2. Teacher Use of Computer-Assisted Instruction for Young Inattentive Students: Implications for Implementation and Teacher Preparation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Murray, Desiree W.; Rabiner, David L.

    2014-01-01

    Teacher preparation and training appear limited in the area of computer-assisted instruction (CAI) as well as more general instruction and management for students with disabilities including those with attention problems. Research suggests that CAI is a promising intervention for young inattentive students, with several inherent advantages;…

  3. Outcomes of nature of science instruction along a context continuum: preservice secondary science teachers' conceptions and instructional intentions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bell, Randy L.; Mulvey, Bridget K.; Maeng, Jennifer L.

    2016-02-01

    This investigation examined outcomes associated with nature of science (NOS) instruction along a science-content context continuum on the development of secondary preservice science teachers' conceptions of and plans to teach NOS, moving beyond the common dichotomy of contextualized versus noncontextualized instruction. Participants comprised six teacher cohorts (n = 70) enrolled in a two-year Master of Teaching program. Participants were explicitly taught current NOS conceptions using activities that incorporated varied degrees of contextualization and were informed by conceptual change principles during the first program year. Participants' pre- and post-instruction conceptions were assessed using VNOS-C questionnaire written responses and follow-up interviews. Participants' views were classified by degree of alignment (non, partially, or fully aligned) with current NOS conceptions. Interview transcripts were analyzed using analytic induction to verify/refine VNOS responses and to identify patterns in NOS instructional plans and rationales. Wilcoxon signed ranks tests were run to assess possible statistical significance of pre- to post-instruction changes. Participants' responses shifted markedly toward more aligned NOS conceptions post-instruction, with substantial and statistically significant gains for each assessed tenet (all p-values <.001). All participants planned future NOS instruction and most expressed a sophisticated rationale for this choice, including that NOS supported the teaching of key concepts such as evolution. These results indicate that teaching and scaffolding NOS lessons along a context continuum can be effective in eliciting desired changes in preservice teachers' NOS conceptions and instructional intentions within the confines of the science methods course. Future research will examine post-methods course and post-program NOS instruction.

  4. Examining elementary teachers' knowledge and instruction of scientific explanations for fostering children's explanations in science

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wiebke, Heidi Lynn

    This study employed an embedded mixed methods multi-case study design (Creswell, 2014) with six early childhood (grades K-2) teachers to examine a) what changes occurred to their subject matter knowledge (SMK) and pedagogical content knowledge (PCK) for teaching scientific explanations while participating in a professional development program, b) how they planned for and implemented scientific explanation instruction within a teacher developed unit on properties of matter, and c) what affordances their instruction of scientific explanations had on fostering their students' abilities to generate explanations in science. Several quantitative and qualitative measures were collected and analyzed in accordance to this studies conceptual framework, which consisted of ten instructional practices teachers should consider assimilating or accommodating into their knowledge base (i.e., SMK & PCK) for teaching scientific explanations. Results of this study indicate there was little to no positive change in the teachers' substantive and syntactic SMK. However, all six teachers did make significant changes to all five components of their PCK for teaching explanations in science. While planning for scientific explanation instruction, all six teachers' contributed some ideas for how to incorporate seven of the ten instructional practices for scientific explanations within the properties of matter unit they co-developed. When enacting the unit, the six teachers' employed seven to nine of the instructional practices to varying levels of effectiveness, as measured by researcher developed rubrics. Given the six teachers' scientific explanation instruction, many students did show improvement in their ability to formulate a scientific explanation, particularly their ability to provide multiple pieces of evidence. Implications for professional developers, teacher educators, researchers, policy makers, and elementary teachers regarding how to prepare teachers for and support students

  5. Teachers' Use of an Instructional Coach and Teachers' Perceived Sense of Self-Efficacy: A Correlational Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pearson, Sarah

    2016-01-01

    Instructional coaching is an increasingly recognized form of professional development for maintaining teachers' skills. However, little attention has been paid to whether use of a coach is related to teacher self-efficacy, as theorized by Bandura and Tschannen-Moran and McMaster. This study sought to determine if there was a relationship between…

  6. Examination of Relationships between Instructional Leadership of School Principals and Self-Efficacy of Teachers and Collective Teacher Efficacy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Calik, Temel; Sezgin, Ferudun; Kavgaci, Hasan; Cagatay Kilinc, Ali

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between school principals' instructional leadership behaviors and self-efficacy of teachers and collective teacher efficacy. In this regard, a model based on hypotheses was designed to determine the relationships among variables. The study sample consisted of 328 classroom and branch…

  7. The PISCES Project: How Teacher-Scientist Partners can Enhance Elementary Science Instruction

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Reif, C.; Oechel, W.

    2003-12-01

    The PISCES Project (Partnerships Involving the Scientific Community in Elementary Schools www.sdsa.org/pisces) is an innovative program that brings high quality standards-based elementary science curriculum and hands-on laboratory materials into San Diego County's classrooms. The project is funded by the NSF Graduate Teaching Fellows in K-12 Education (GK-12) program. The project was designed and is administered through cooperation among faculty at San Diego State University and the Science Department of the San Diego County Office of Education. Undergraduate and graduate students enrolled in science programs in San Diego area universities including San Diego State University, California State University San Marcos, and University of California San Diego partner with elementary school teachers. Through this partnership, the scientist brings scientific expertise to the classroom while the teacher delivers the lesson using current pedagogic methods. This is accomplished during a 3 month partnership in which the scientist joins the teacher in the classroom a few days each week to complete professional kit-based curriculum such as that available from FOSS (Full Option Science System) and STC (Science and Technology for Children). The teachers remain in the program for two years during which they have continuous access to the kit-based curriculum as well as two to three partnership cycles. Teachers receive assistance outside of the classroom as well attending professional development institutes three times a year to establish and maintain effective science teaching methods. The San Diego Science Alliance and other community and industry supporters provide the additionalfunding necessary to provide this teacher professional development Currenty, PISCES is present in over 40 schools and is able to provide partnerships to over 100 classrooms each year. In addition to the work done in San Diego, the project has expanded to Barrow, Alaska with plans to expand to La Paz

  8. Factors that Affect Elementary Teachers' Ability to Conduct Inquiry-Based Science Instruction

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Loesing, Mary L.

    Science education reform, including the recently released Next Generation Science Standards, places a clear emphasis on student learning through inquiry-based science instruction. Inquiry enables students to construct meaning and understanding based on their own experience and connected to prior knowledge. The factors that enhance and detract from suburban third, fourth and fifth grade teachers' ability to conduct inquirybased science investigations were examined through a qualitative case study. The availability of supplies and materials through science kits, student engagement in science, and teacher's enjoyment in teaching science were factors that enhanced teachers' ability to conduct inquiry. The teachers in this study believe in the importance of science instruction and carried out guided inquiries in their classrooms. Time required to implement the Common Core Learning Standards, new accountability policies; lack of preservice preparation and lack of professional development were factors that detracted from teachers' ability to conduct inquiry. In order to provide students and teachers with the time that is needed for inquiry-based science instruction, New York State is urged to mandate time for science instruction in the elementary curriculum. New York State must require that science content and methods courses be part of the curriculum in colleges and universities that grant degrees in elementary education. School districts must help their teachers by providing professional development that embeds science content with science and engineering practices so that teachers can help their students to build explanatory models, engage in argumentation, compare competing ideas and reach consensus. Keywords: Science education, inquiry, science instruction, accountability, STEM..

  9. From Teacher-Centered Instruction to Peer Tutoring in the Heterogeneous International Classroom: A Danish Case of Instructional Change

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lueg, Klarissa; Lueg, Rainer

    2014-01-01

    This case study documents a seminar redesign from a teacher-centered instruction format to collaborative "reciprocal peer tutoring" (RPT) at Aarhus University, Denmark. Departing from concepts by Bourdieu and Vertovec, we argue that teaching concepts should meet the needs of students within Higher Education (HE). Our student sample is…

  10. Teachers' instructional goals for science practice: Identifying knowledge gaps using cultural-historical activity theory (CHAT)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Farrar, Cynthia Hamen

    In AP Biology, the course goal, with respect to scientific acts and reasoning, has recently shifted toward a reform goal of science practice, where the goal is for students to have a scientific perspective that views science as a practice of a community rather than a body of knowledge. Given this recent shift, this study is interested in the gaps that may exist between an individual teacher's instructional goal and the goals of the AP Biology course. A Cultural-Historical Activity Theory (CHAT) methodology and perspective is used to analyze four teachers' knowledge, practice, and learning. Teachers have content knowledge for teaching, a form of knowledge that is unique for teaching called specialized content knowledge. This specialized content knowledge (SCK) defines their instructional goals, the student outcomes they ultimately aim to achieve with their students. The study employs a cultural-historical continuum of scientific acts and reasoning, which represents the development of the AP Biology goal over time, to study gaps in their instructional goal. The study also analyzes the contradictions within their teaching practice and how teachers address those contradictions to shift their instructional practice and learn. The findings suggest that teachers have different interpretations of the AP Biology goals of science practice, placing their instructional goal at different points along the continuum. Based on the location of their instructional goal, different micro-communities of teachers exist along the continuum, comprised of teachers with a shared goal, language, and culture of their AP Biology teaching. The in-depth study of one teacher's AP Biology teaching, using a CHAT perspective, provides a means for studying the mechanisms that connect SCK to classroom actions and ultimately to instructional practice. CHAT also reveals the nature and importance of contradictions or cognitive dissonance in teacher learning and the types of support teachers need to

  11. Historical short stories as nature of science instruction in secondary science classrooms: Science teachers' implementation and students' reactions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Reid-Smith, Jennifer Ann

    This study explores the use of historical short stories as nature of science (NOS) instruction in thirteen secondary science classes. The stories focus on the development of science ideas and include statements and questions to draw students' and teachers' attention to key NOS ideas and misconceptions. This study used mixed methods to examine how teachers implement the stories, factors influencing teachers' implementation, the impact on students' NOS understanding, students' interest in the stories and factors correlated with their interest. Teachers' implementation decisions were influenced by their NOS understanding, curricula, time constraints, perceptions of student ability and resistance, and student goals. Teachers implementing stories at a high-level of effectiveness were more likely to make instructional decisions to mitigate constraints from the school environment and students. High-level implementers frequently referred to their learning goals for students as a rationale for implementing the stories even when facing constraints. Teachers implementing at a low-level of effectiveness were more likely to express that constraints inhibited effective implementation. Teachers at all levels of implementation expressed concern regarding the length of the stories and time required to fully implement the stories. Additionally, teachers at all levels of implementation expressed a desire for additional resources regarding effective story implementation and reading strategies. Evidence exists that the stories can be used to improve students' NOS understanding. However, under what conditions the stories are effective is still unclear. Students reported finding the stories more interesting than textbook readings and many students enjoyed learning about scientists and the development of science idea. Students' interest in the stories is correlated with their attitudes towards reading, views of effective science learning, attributions of academic success, and interest in

  12. Theorizing Teacher Agency and Reform: How Institutionalized Instructional Practices Change and Persist

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bridwell-Mitchell, E. N.

    2015-01-01

    One reason reform does not dramatically change public schools is because instructional practices are highly institutionalized. This article advances a theory for how teacher agency can both change and maintain institutionalized instructional practices in schools. Based on findings from one U.S. urban public school undergoing state-mandated reform,…

  13. Perceptions of Elementary Teachers on the Instructional Leadership Role of School Principals

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yavuz, Mustafa; Bas, Gokhan

    2010-01-01

    In this research, elementary school principals' instructional leadership behavior was evaluated based on the perceptions of elementary school teachers. The research is believed to contribute to the development of instructional leadership behavior of elementary school principals for the development of school organization. A "semi-structured…

  14. Relationships of Teachers' Language and Explicit Vocabulary Instruction to Students' Vocabulary Growth in Kindergarten

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bowne, Jocelyn Bonnes; Yoshikawa, Hirokazu; Snow, Catherine E.

    2017-01-01

    This study evaluates the relationships between aspects of Chilean teachers' explicit vocabulary instruction and students' vocabulary development in kindergarten. Classroom videotapes of whole-class instruction gathered during a randomized experimental evaluation of a coaching-based professional development program were analyzed. The amount of…

  15. Middle School Special Education Teachers' Instructional Practices for Solving Mathematical Word Problems: An Exploratory Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    van Garderen, Delinda

    2008-01-01

    A random sample of middle school special education teachers from various classroom settings completed a survey asking them about what instructional practices and materials they used to teach students with disabilities how to solve word problems, how much time they allocated to problem solving instruction, and what type of problems they gave their…

  16. Cognitively Demanding Learning Materials with Texts and Instructional Pictures: Teachers' Diagnostic Skills, Pedagogical Beliefs and Motivation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McElvany, Nele; Schroeder, Sascha; Baumert, Jurgen; Schnotz, Wolfgang; Horz, Holger; Ullrich, Mark

    2012-01-01

    Learning materials incorporating written texts as well as instructional pictures are the basis for learning in many subjects. However, text-picture integration makes high cognitive demands of learners, and it seems plausible that the development of this competence is influenced by teachers' instructional skills. The present studies investigated…

  17. Exploring Collaboration between Teachers and the School Library Information Specialist on the Instructional Design of Curriculum

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Allen, Lorraine

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this research was to provide a qualitative study exploring the collaboration between three teachers and the School Library Information Specialist (SLIS) on the instructional design of curriculum. In this study, collaboration means working together to meet standards and guidelines. The SLIS, in the role of instructional consultant to…

  18. An Examination of How a Teacher's Use of Digital Tools Empowers and Constrains Language Arts Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hutchison, Amy C.; Woodward, Lindsay

    2014-01-01

    The Common Core State Standards produce a need to understand how digital tools can support literacy instruction. The purpose of this case study was to explore how a language arts teacher's integration of computers and iPads empowered and constrained her and the resulting classroom instruction. Constraining factors included (a) inadequate…

  19. Interactive Multimedia Instruction to Develop Reflective Decision-Making among Preservice Teachers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kenny, Richard F.; And Others

    1995-01-01

    Reports on the design and formative evaluation of interactive multimedia instruction to develop reflective thinking in preservice student teachers at the University of Ottawa (Canada). Highlights include ease of use, including navigation; instructional design; program effectiveness; and suggestions for further research, including the application…

  20. Web-Based Instruction on Preservice Teachers' Knowledge of Fraction Operations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lin, Cheng-Yao

    2010-01-01

    This study determines whether web-based instruction (WBI) represents an improved method for helping preservice teachers learn procedural and conceptual knowledge of fractions.. The purpose was to compare the effectiveness of web-based instruction (WBI) with the traditional lecture in mathematics content and methods for the elementary school…

  1. Teleteaching Handbook: A Handbook for Teachers Using Microwave or ITFS Interactive Instruction. Revised 1990.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rezabek, Roger J.

    This handbook is designed for use by teachers engaged in interactive televised instruction in any of the following ways: via communications satellite reception, with student communication over telephone lines; via microwave systems, which allow two-way video and audio between sites; or via Instructional Television Fixed Service (ITFS), which is a…

  2. Teachers' First Year of Transactional Strategies Instruction. Reading Research Report No. 5.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    El-Dinary, Pamela Beard; Schuder, Ted

    Two studies examined seven teachers' acceptance of a strategies-based approach to reading instruction during their first year of using the intervention. Interviews and observations revealed that the intervention, a long-term transactional strategies instruction program called SAIL (Students Achieving Independent Learning), was fully acceptable to…

  3. Teachers' Quality, Instructional Strategies and Students' Performance in Secondary School Science

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Okoye, Nnamid S.; Momoh, Solomon O.; Aigbomian, Daniel O.; Okecha, Rita Ebele

    2008-01-01

    The study examined the instruction between two independent variables of Teacher Quality and Instructional Strategy on Students Performance in Secondary School Science. In trying to examine the problem of this study, three null hypotheses were generated for testing at 0.05 level of significance Factorial Analysis of variance design with one…

  4. Examining Shifts in Preservice Teachers' Beliefs and Attitudes toward Writing Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hall, Anna H.

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of integrating self-reflection, focused instruction, and field practice in a semester-long language arts course in order to shift early childhood preservice teachers' (PSTs) beliefs and attitudes about writing instruction, as well as their development and planned use of tools for…

  5. Dynamic Effects of Teacher Turnover on the Quality of Instruction. Working Paper 170

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hanushek, Eric A.; Rivkin, Steven G.; Schiman, Jeffrey C.

    2016-01-01

    It is widely believed that teacher turnover adversely affects the quality of instruction in urban schools serving predominantly disadvantaged children, and a growing body of research investigates various components of turnover effects. The evidence at first seems contradictory, as the quality of instruction appears to decline following turnover…

  6. Exploring Arts Instruction Models and Correlates with Teacher Satisfaction and Educational Outcomes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Randall, Kristen Leigh

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore uses of arts instruction in regular K-5 elementary school classrooms in a large southeastern school district to determine which arts instruction models were being employed and whether or not any particular model had a greater perceived impact on students and teachers. The mixed-methods study combined…

  7. Examining Administrators' Instructional Feedback to High School Math and Science Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lochmiller, Chad R.

    2016-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore high school administrators' instructional leadership in math and science. Specifically, the study explored the feedback administrators provided to math and science teachers as part of their instructional supervision. A central goal for this study was to determine how differences in these content…

  8. Teachers' and Students' Perceptions of Gender-Differentiated Reading Instruction at the High School Level

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Taylor, Luke N., III

    2014-01-01

    In a rural Alabama school district, 38.46% of the students failed the reading portion of the high school graduation examination. While the teachers in the school district were trained to differentiate instruction according to ability and gender, the impact of gender-differentiated reading instruction was unknown. The purpose of this case study was…

  9. Inservice Education of Vocational Agriculture Teachers on New Curriculum Materials for Adult Class Instruction: Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCracken, J. David, Ed.; Newcomb, L. H., Ed.

    Twenty-two field-tested instructional units were developed for use in adult and young farmer education by 20 specially trained agriculture teachers in Ohio. The resource units were developed in the following agriculture areas of instruction: corn and soybean production, agriculture mechanics, swine production, farm management, and horticulture.…

  10. Teacher Self-Efficacy as a Long-Term Predictor of Instructional Quality in the Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Künsting, Josef; Neuber, Victoria; Lipowsky, Frank

    2016-01-01

    In this longitudinal study, we examined teachers' self-efficacy as a long-term predictor of their mastery goal orientation and three dimensions of instructional quality: supportive classroom climate, effective classroom management, and cognitive activation. Mastery goal orientation was also analyzed as a predictor of instructional quality.…

  11. Elementary Preservice Teachers' Changing Beliefs and Instructional Use of Children's Mathematical Thinking.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vacc, Nancy Nesbitt; Bright, George W.

    1999-01-01

    Examines changes in preservice elementary teachers' beliefs about teaching and learning mathematics and their ability to provide mathematics instruction that is based on children's thinking. Reports that, after participants were introduced to Cognitively Guided Instruction (CGI), significant changes in their beliefs and perceptions about…

  12. Promoting Inquiry-Based Science Instruction: The Validation of the Science Teacher Inquiry Rubric (STIR)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bodzin, Alec M.; Beerer, Karen M.

    2003-01-01

    The National Science Education Standards recognize that inquiry-based instruction holds significant promise for developing scientifically literate students. The Science Teacher Inquiry Rubric (STIR) was developed based upon the National Science Education Standards' essential features of inquiry instruction (NRC, 2000). A pilot study using a…

  13. Student and Teacher Ratings of Instructional Quality: Consistency of Ratings over Time, Agreement, and Predictive Power

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wagner, Wolfgang; Göllner, Richard; Werth, Sarah; Voss, Thamar; Schmitz, Bernhard; Trautwein, Ulrich

    2016-01-01

    Prior research has shown that the agreement between teacher and student ratings of instructional quality is, at best, moderate, and the associations between measures of instructional quality and outcomes such as standardized achievement are typically small and somewhat mixed across both perspectives. One explanation for these low-to-moderate…

  14. Kuwaiti Science Teachers' Beliefs and Intentions Regarding the Use of Inquiry-Based Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alhendal, Dalal; Marshman, Margaret; Grootenboer, Peter

    2016-01-01

    To improve the quality of education, the Kuwaiti Ministry of Education has encouraged schools to implement inquiry-based instruction. This study identifies psychosocial factors that predict teachers' intention to use inquiry-based instruction in their science classrooms. An adapted model of Ajzen's (1985) theory of planned behaviour--the Science…

  15. Relationship between the Instructional Leadership Behaviors of High School Principals and Teachers' Organizational Commitment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sarikaya, Nuray; Erdogan, Çetin

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of the current study is to investigate the relationship between the instructional leadership behaviors of high school principals and teachers' perceptions of organizational commitment and to test the extent to which instructional leadership behaviors predict organizational commitment. The study is designed in relational method. The…

  16. Information Communication Technology Pedagogical Integration in Mathematics Instruction among Teachers in Secondary Schools in Kenya

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wanjala, Martin

    2016-01-01

    This paper reports finding of the study that sought to ascertain the extent of ICT-pedagogical integration in mathematics instruction among secondary school teachers in Kenya. Information was sought on professional development experiences and needs in computer technology use in mathematics instruction, the type of computer software used in…

  17. Prospective Mathematics Teachers' Views about Using Computer-Based Instructional Materials in Constructing Mathematical Concepts

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bukova-Guzel, Esra; Canturk-Gunhan, Berna

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of the study is to determine prospective mathematics teachers' views about using computer-based instructional materials in constructing mathematical concepts and to reveal how the sample computer-based instructional materials for different mathematical concepts altered their views. This is a qualitative study involving twelve…

  18. Instructional Development in Higher Education: Impact on Teachers' Teaching Behaviour as Perceived by Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stes, Ann; Coertjens, Liesje; Petegem, Peter

    2013-01-01

    Although instructional development has become an important topic in higher education, little is known about the impact on teaching practice. In this study we investigate the impact of instructional development on teachers' teaching behaviour as perceived by students. Quantitative student data were assembled for 15 experimental and 12 control…

  19. Infrastructure Redesign and Instructional Reform in Mathematics: Formal Structure and Teacher Leadership

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hopkins, Megan; Spillane, James P.; Jakopovic, Paula; Heaton, Ruth M.

    2013-01-01

    Designing infrastructures to support instruction remains a challenge in educational reform. This article reports on a study of one school system's efforts to redesign its infrastructure for mathematics instruction by promoting teacher leadership. Using social network and interview data from 12 elementary schools, we explore how the district's…

  20. Beginning Teachers' Use of Resources to Enact and Learn from Ambitious Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stroupe, David

    2016-01-01

    I investigated how five first-year teachers--all peers from the same science methods class framed around ambitious instruction--used resources to plan and learn in schools that promoted pedagogy anchored around information delivery. The participants engaged in different cycles of resource-driven learning based on the instructional framework they…

  1. Effectiveness of Inquiry Based and Teacher Directed Instruction in an Alabama Elementary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Taylor, Joanna; Bilbrey, Jerry

    2012-01-01

    This research analyzed the teacher-directed instruction against the effectiveness of inquiry-based instruction at a subject school in Alabama for 5th grade science and mathematics. The Alabama school changed the science and mathematics curriculum for a period of 3 years and in the process became an Alabama Math, Science and Technology (AMSTI)…

  2. Analysis of Differentiated Instruction in ELL Teachers' Professional Development: A Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chien, Grace Chin-Wen

    2012-01-01

    Starting in the fall of 2009, ELL (English-language learner) instructional coaches began to provide workshops to ELL and general education teachers in a northwest American city. This article aims to analyze the differentiated instruction provided in the workshops. Data in this study include observational field notes, interviews, and documents.…

  3. The Pedagogical Orientations of South African Physical Sciences Teachers towards Inquiry or Direct Instructional Approaches

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ramnarain, Umesh; Schuster, David

    2014-01-01

    In recent years, inquiry-based science instruction has become widely advocated in science education standards in many countries and, hence, in teacher preparation programmes. Nevertheless, in practice, one finds a wide variety of science instructional approaches. In South Africa, as in many countries, there is also a great disparity in school…

  4. Social Studies Teachers' Use of the iPad for Computer Assisted Instruction: An Examination of Practice and Standards Support

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hansard, Stephen C.

    2013-01-01

    As social studies teachers integrate emerging technologies into instruction, there is a need to determine their perceptions of how emerging computer devices impact their instruction. A clearer picture of how teachers' perceptions relate to their instructional use of technology can be gained by analyzing their responses through the lens of…

  5. Teachers' Awareness and Perceived Effectiveness of Instructional Activities in Relation to the Allocation of Time in the Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kaya, S.; Kablan, Z.; Akaydin, B. B.; Demir, D.

    2015-01-01

    The current study examined the time spent in various types of science instruction with regard to teachers' awareness of instructional activities. The perceived effectiveness of instructional activities in relation to the allocation of time was also examined. A total of 30 4th grade teachers (17 female, 13 male), from seven different primary…

  6. Multilevel Analysis of the Relationship between Principals' Perceived Practices of Instructional Leadership and Teachers' Self-Efficacy Perceptions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bellibas, Mehmet Sukru; Liu, Yan

    2017-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to investigate the extent to which principals' instructional leadership predicts teacher self-efficacy, in order to identify whether a relationship exists between principals' perceived instructional leadership practices and teachers perceived self-efficacy in classroom management, instruction, and student…

  7. Reforming Pedagogy: Inservice Teacher Education and Instructional Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Huffman, Douglas

    2006-01-01

    To what extent can a large-scale national teacher-enhancement project help science teachers employ new pedagogical methods in the science classroom? In this study, data from 13 high school physics teachers who taught 23 classes with 401 students were examined to determine the extent to which a teacher-enhancement project can alter teachers'…

  8. New Teacher Induction Programs: A Case Study of an Exemplary School District, and How It Prepares Its New Teachers for the Use of Instructional Technology in the Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sherman, David B.

    2014-01-01

    This research study examined Generation Y new teachers, the process of new teacher induction, and the most effective methods for providing professional development in instructional technology for Generation Y teachers. This research study examined Generation Y new teachers, the process of new teacher induction, and the most effective methods for…

  9. The Influence of Tier One of RtI[superscript 2] and Instructional Coaching on Teacher Instruction and Student/ELL Learning: A Multiple Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Valadez, Frances E.

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this case study was to demonstrate the influence of Tier 1 of Response to Intervention and Instruction (RtI[superscript 2]) and instructional coaching on teachers' instruction and on students' and English Language Learners' (ELL) learning. Research was conducted in one large urban elementary school. The unit of study…

  10. Teacher Progress Monitoring of Instructional and Behavioral Management Practices: An Evidence-Based Approach to Improving Classroom Practices

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reddy, Linda A.; Dudek, Christopher M.

    2014-01-01

    In the era of teacher evaluation and effectiveness, assessment tools that identify and monitor educators' instruction and behavioral management practices are in high demand. The Classroom Strategies Scale (CSS) Observer Form is a multidimensional teacher progress monitoring tool designed to assess teachers' usage of instructional and behavioral…

  11. Teacher Quality Indicators as Predictors of Instructional Assessment Practices in Science Classrooms in Secondary Schools in Barbados

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ogunkola, Babalola J.; Archer-Bradshaw, Ramona E.

    2013-01-01

    This study investigated the self-reported instructional assessment practices of a selected sample of secondary school science teachers in Barbados. The study sought to determine if there were statistically significant differences in the instructional assessment practices of teachers based on their sex and teacher quality (teaching experience,…

  12. The Challenge of Altering Elementary School Teachers' Beliefs and Practices Regarding Linguistic and Cultural Diversity in Science Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, Okhee; Luykx, Aurolyn; Buxton, Cory; Shaver, Annis

    2007-01-01

    This study examined the impact of a professional development intervention aimed at helping elementary teachers incorporate elements of students' home language and culture into science instruction. The intervention consisted of instructional units and materials and teacher workshops. The research involved 43 third- and fourth-grade teachers at six…

  13. Teacher and Student Based Instructions on Probability Achievement Outcomes and Attitudes of Secondary School Students in Bungoma North, Kenya

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pale, Joseph W.

    2016-01-01

    Teacher based is the usual instructional method used by most teachers in high school. Traditionally, teachers direct the learning and students work individually and assume a receptive role in their education. Student based learning approach is an instructional use of small groups of students working together to accomplish shared goals to increase…

  14. A Study of Factors That Contribute to Pre-Service Teachers' Sense of Efficacy for Literacy Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martin, Charlene

    2012-01-01

    The three-fold purpose of this mixed methods study was to (a) analyze how preservice teachers' perceptions of teacher preparation program variables affect preservice teachers self-efficacy for literacy instruction, (b) determine how preservice teachers describe their teacher preparation program with regard to self-efficacy beliefs for…

  15. The preservice microteaching course and science teachers' instructional decisions: A qualitative analysis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gess-Newsome, Julie; Lederman, Norman G.

    The purpose of this investigation was to qualitatively investigate the effects of a microteaching course on preservice science teachers' perceptions of teaching, instructional decisions, and changes in beliefs which occur throughout the course. A total of 17 preservice teachers constituted the sample for this investigation. In addition to viewing and self-critiquing the videotapes of their lessons, students received both oral and written feedback from peers and instructors. Subjects were also required to complete a reaction questionnaire concerning their beliefs/perceptions prior to the first presentation as well as following each of the four required presentations. Systematic comparisons among students' self-critiques and reaction questionnaires yielded a total of 12 categories of concerns/beliefs about teaching. These categories pertained to either Concerns for Self or Concerns for Students. Although the subjects appeared to proceed through a developmental process beginning with concerns for self and moving toward concerns for students, analyses of subjects' comments about students revealed that such remarks were actually egocentric. Additionally, the data indicated that preservice teachers view planning as a complex, two-component process (i.e., the physical act of writing a plan and the subsequent mental rehearsal of that plan.).

  16. Parents' and Teachers' Preferred Medium of Instruction in Primary Schools in Enugu, Nigeria

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Amadi, Eugenia Ada

    2012-01-01

    This study which investigated parents' and teachers' preferred medium of instruction in primary schools was conducted in Enugu, South East, Nigeria. It employed the descriptive survey research method. 500 respondents were used for the study. 250 teachers were selected through simple random sampling technique. Two researcher-designed questionnaires…

  17. Scientific Explanations: Characterizing and Evaluating the Effects of Teachers' Instructional Practices on Student Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McNeill, Katherine L.; Krajcik, Joseph

    2008-01-01

    Teacher practices are essential for supporting students in scientific inquiry practices, such as the construction of scientific explanations. In this study, we examine what instructional practices teachers engage in when they introduce scientific explanation and whether these practices influence students' ability to construct scientific…

  18. Evaluating the Effects of a Systemic Intervention on First-Grade Teachers' Explicit Reading Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nelson-Walker, Nancy J.; Fien, Hank; Kosty, Derek B.; Smolkowski, Keith; Smith, Jean Louise M.; Baker, Scott K.

    2013-01-01

    This article examines the efficacy of a multitiered systemic reading intervention for increasing the intensity and quality of explicit literacy instruction that teachers provide in first-grade classrooms. Schools ("j" = 16) were randomly assigned to the treatment or comparison condition. In both conditions, teachers ("i" = 42)…

  19. An Experimental Investigation of Teacher Behavior and Student Achievement in the Distar Instructional System.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Siegel, Martin A.

    Fifty randomly selected moderate and low implementing Distar Language teachers were retrained in techniques of correcting students' mistakes and recycling through an instructional task until all of the children in the group responded without error (criterion teaching). As a result of retraining, the experimental teachers performed at a…

  20. Studying the Impact of Three Different Instructional Methods on Preservice Teachers' Decision-Making

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cevik, Yasemin Demiraslan; Andre, Thomas

    2014-01-01

    This study compared the impact of three types of instructional methods (case-based learning, worked example and faded worked example) on preservice teachers' (n?=?72) decision-making about classroom management. A quasi-experimental study was conducted to investigate both the outcomes and the processes of preservice teachers' decision-making…

  1. Teachers' Perceived Influences on Technology Integration Decisions: A Grounded Theory on Instructional Decisions after Professional Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Greenhaus, Karen Larsen

    2014-01-01

    This qualitative grounded theory study explored teachers' instructional decisions around planning and practice for technology integration after participation in professional development. The purpose of this study was to determine how a long-term hybrid professional development experience influenced, if at all, math teachers' instructional…

  2. Instructional Technologist as a Coach: Impact of a Situated Professional Development Program on Teachers' Technology Use

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sugar, William

    2005-01-01

    This article details a study that sought an alternative method to instruct public school teachers on how to integrate technology in their classrooms. Paired with a technology coach, nine teachers participated in this situated professional development technology program. Results from this technology coach program detail successful technology…

  3. Similarities and Differences in Instructional Tactics Used by Teachers of TMR and PMR Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Westling, David L.

    1985-01-01

    Analyses of questionnaires on instructional practices answered by 67 teachers of trainable mentally retarded students and 45 teachers of profoundly mentally retarded students identified similarities and differences in seven categories: personal/professional information, professional preparation, classroom teaching activity, classroom management,…

  4. The Relationship between Teachers' Beliefs of Grammar Instruction and Classroom Practices in the Saudi Context

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alghanmi, Bayan; Shukri, Nadia

    2016-01-01

    Teacher cognition (Borg, 2015) of grammar instruction is a relatively new phenomenon that has yet to be explored in the Saudi context. While many studies have focused on the teaching of grammar in general (Ellis, 2006; Corzo, 2013; Braine, 2014), further research needs to be done - particularly when it comes to understanding teachers' beliefs of…

  5. The Concept of Slope: Comparing Teachers' Concept Images and Instructional Content

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nagle, Courtney; Moore-Russo, Deborah

    2013-01-01

    In the field of mathematics education, understanding teachers' content knowledge (Grossman, 1995; Hill, Sleep, Lewis, & Ball, 2007; Munby, Russell, & Martin, 2001) and studying the relationship between content knowledge and instructional decisions (Fennema & Franke, 1992; Raymond, 1997) are both crucial. Teachers need a robust…

  6. What Expert Teachers Think: A Look at Principal Leadership Behaviors That Facilitate Exemplary Classroom Instructional Practice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goodwin, Janet; Babo, Gerard

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to rank order 21 leadership behaviors originally identified by the work of Waters, Marzano & McNulty (2003) and the impact they have on teacher instructional practice using questionnaire responses provided by past recipients of the National Teacher of the Year award at the state level (n=178) in order to expand…

  7. Teachers' Perceptions of Their RTI Skills as They Relate to Assessment, Instruction, and Intervention

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Christian, Karyn Spann

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine teachers' perceptions of their Response to Intervention (RTI) skills as they relate to assessment, instruction, and intervention. "The Perceptions of RTI Skills Survey" was distributed to 138 elementary general education teachers in ten elementary schools in six rural school districts, and ninety…

  8. The Relationship between Teacher and School Variables and Mathematics Instructional Practices

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carney, Michele B.

    2012-01-01

    This study examines the relationship between teacher and school factors, and mathematics instructional practices following a state-mandated 3-credit professional development course. More precisely, the research examines the relationship between (1) change in Mathematical Knowledge for Teaching (MKT), (2) change in teacher self-efficacy, and (3)…

  9. Emerging Teacher Strategies for Mediating "Technology-Integrated Instructional Conversations": A Socio-Cultural Perspective

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hennessy, Sara; Deaney, Rosemary; Ruthven, Kenneth

    2005-01-01

    This article draws on socio-cultural learning theory as a conceptual framework for analysing how teachers structure classroom activities and interactions during "Technology-integrated Instructional Conversations" (TICs). It reports on a collaborative programme of small-scale projects undertaken by 15 teacher-researchers using various forms of…

  10. Student Teachers' Perceptions of Instructional Technology: Developing Materials Based on a Constructivist Approach.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sahin, Tugba Yanpar

    2003-01-01

    Describes the development of a course in Turkey for preservice teacher education for elementary school teachers that focused on instructional technologies and material development using a constructivist approach. Discusses research outcomes, including the positive impact of constructivist practices, active learning, the importance of prior…

  11. Does Empathy Predict Instructional Assignment-Related Stress? A Study in Special and General Education Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Platsidou, Maria; Agaliotis, Ioannis

    2017-01-01

    The role of empathy in the teaching profession has been vastly investigated in relation to its effect on students, but research on how teachers' empathy affects their own well-being at work is limited. This study investigated empathy and instructional assignment-related stress factors of primary school teachers serving in general or special…

  12. Comparing General and Special Education Preservice Teachers' Test Performance Using Traditional and Anchored Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Malone, D. Michael; Langone, John

    2005-01-01

    Data comparing the effects of traditional lectures and instruction paired with video anchors on test scores of general education and special education preservice teachers are presented. The sample in both the experimental and control groups included a mixture of preservice teachers including those beginning a general education early childhood…

  13. Elementary Teachers' Experiences of Departmentalized Instruction and Its Impact on Student Affect

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Minott, Robert Charles

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this qualitative dissertation was to explore the lived experiences of departmentalized elementary teachers, Grades 1-3, and how they addressed their students' affective needs. The main research question of the study was how do elementary school teachers perceive departmentalized instruction and describe their experiences of this…

  14. Teacher Sense of Efficacy for Literacy Instruction and Student Reading Achievement in Grades Three through Eight

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Poggio, Jennifer M.

    2012-01-01

    This study investigated the effects of teacher sense of efficacy for literacy instruction on reading achievement in grades three through eight. In previous studies, a teacher's sense of efficacy was shown to be correlated to student achievement (Ashton & Webb, 1986; Moore & Esselman, 1992). However, research attempting to uncover the…

  15. Supporting Teachers in Integrating Digital Technology into Language Arts Instruction to Promote Literacy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Colwell, Jamie; Hutchison, Amy C.

    2015-01-01

    A systematic review of relevant literature was conducted to provide a source of information and practical guidelines for teachers and teacher educators to consider instructional methods for using digital tools in elementary language arts classrooms to promote literacy. Focal studies are highlighted to provide rich descriptions of practical uses…

  16. Improving Instruction in Head Start Preschool Classrooms through Feedback and Support to Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boat, Mary B.; Carr, Victoria; Barnett, David; Macmann, Gregg; Moomaw, Sally; Pan, Wei; Nichols, Angela

    2009-01-01

    This article discusses the use of data-based feedback and support to teachers in Head Start classrooms to facilitate increased use of effective instructional and managerial practices. The authors conducted a study to examine the impact of providing Head Start preschool classroom teachers with data regarding their use of established instructional…

  17. Stability of Teachers' Classroom Instruction across Classes and Time of Observation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Huang, Shwu-yong Liou; Waxman, Hersholt C.

    The stability of teacher behavior has been one of the most important areas of process-product research. This study was designed to investigate teacher stability in the context of math instruction across classes and times of observation in order to assess the relationship between teaching styles and student learning outcomes. Specifically the study…

  18. Relationships of New Teachers' Beliefs and Instructional Practices: Comparisons across Four Countries

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shi, Qingmin; Zhang, Shaoan; Lin, Emily

    2014-01-01

    Drawing on large-scale international teachers' data from Hungary, Korea, Norway, and Turkey in the Teaching and Learning International Survey in 2008 assessment, this study examined the relationships between new teachers' beliefs about instruction (direct transmission and constructivist beliefs) and teaching practices (structured, student…

  19. A Qualitative Case Study of Prospective Chemistry Teachers' Knowledge about Instructional Strategies: Introducing Particulate Theory

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boz, Nihat; Boz, Yezdan

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate prospective chemistry teachers' knowledge about instructional strategies, one component of pedagogical content knowledge about introducing particulate theory, as well as sources of this knowledge. Twenty-two prospective chemistry teachers participated in the study. Data were collected by the means of a…

  20. Motivation and Confidence of Indonesian Teachers to Use English as a Medium of Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aritonang, Mangasa

    2014-01-01

    This research paper investigates the motivation and confidence of Indonesian teachers of non-English to learn English and to use it as a medium of instruction resulting from their participation in a blended learning course. The purpose of the English learning for this particular group of teachers was to enable them to create English-speaking…

  1. Balancing Content and Language in Instruction: The Experience of Immersion Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cammarata, Laurent; Tedick, Diane J.

    2012-01-01

    Research on immersion teaching has consistently shown that immersion teachers tend to focus on subject matter content at the expense of language teaching. The response to that research has often entailed suggestions for teachers on how better to integrate language and content in their instruction. However, missing from the discussion are rich…

  2. Secondary Preservice Teachers Remember Their Favorite Writing Experience: Insights and Implications for Content Area Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Daisey, Peggy L.

    2010-01-01

    (Purpose) The purpose of this study was to describe secondary preservice teachers' (N = 113) past favorite writing experiences and its implications for including writing in their future instruction. (Methodology) Data was collected through a survey and drawings. (Results) Preservice teachers' written answers were helpful to inform specifically…

  3. A Mixed-Methods Investigation of Instructional Coaching for Teachers of Diverse Learners

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Teemant, Annela

    2014-01-01

    This longitudinal mixed-methods study investigates the efficacy and sustainability of instructional coaching outcomes among urban elementary teachers (N = 36) using focus group and quantitative pre-, post-, and 1 year-after intervention data. Coached teachers participated in a 30-hr workshop and then seven cycles of coaching (15 hr) targeting use…

  4. Opportunities for Professional Learning in Mathematics Teacher Workgroup Conversations: Relationships to Instructional Expertise

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Horn, Ilana Seidel; Kane, Britnie Delinger

    2015-01-01

    Increasingly, instructional improvement efforts include teacher communities as part of their overall strategy, yet the relationship between teachers' talk and professional learning remains underspecified. Using a discourse perspective on learning, this article compares opportunities to learn (OTLs) in the collaborative conversations of 3…

  5. Teachers' Uses of a Learning Trajectory in Student-Centered Instructional Practices

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilson, P. Holt; Sztajn, Paola; Edgington, Cyndi; Myers, Marrielle

    2015-01-01

    The growing national attention to students' learning trajectories (LTs) renews the opportunity to explore the ways that teachers may use students' thinking in their instruction. In this article, we examine teachers' learning of two frameworks, one for students' thinking in a particular domain and one for broad student-centered instructional…

  6. Data-Driven Decision-Making: Facilitating Teacher Use of Student Data to Inform Classroom Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schifter, Catherine C.; Natarajan, Uma; Ketelhut, Diane Jass; Kirchgessner, Amanda

    2014-01-01

    Data-driven decision making is essential in K-12 education today, but teachers often do not know how to make use of extensive data sets. Research shows that teachers are not taught how to use extensive data (i.e., multiple data sets) to reflect on student progress or to differentiate instruction. This paper presents a process used in an National…

  7. Investigating the Sources of Teachers' Instructional Technology Use through the Decomposed Theory of Planned Behavior

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shiue, Ya-Ming

    2007-01-01

    Based on the decomposed theory of planned behavior, this study used path analysis to examine the relative strength of the factors that influence teachers' use of instructional technology. The study focused on teachers' use of word processors, spreadsheets, presentation software, e-mail, and Web browsers. A path analysis was performed on…

  8. Preparing Preservice Teachers for Instruction on English-Language Development with Video Lesson Modules

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Liu, Ping

    2011-01-01

    This study explored the use of video lesson modules in a teaching methodology course to prepare preservice teachers for supporting the English-language development of pupils at K-8 schools. The basic material of a lesson module is a video lesson featuring instruction of an experienced classroom teacher in an English-language development setting of…

  9. A Cross-Cultural Study of Teachers' Instructional Practices in Singapore and the United States

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    VanTassel-Baska, Joyce; Feng, Annie; MacFarlane, Bronwyn; Heng, Mary Anne; Teo, Chua Tee; Wong, Marie Linda; Quek, Chwee G.; Khong, Beng Choo

    2008-01-01

    This cross-cultural study, utilizing a structured instructional behavior rating form, examined distinguishing and comparable teaching practices in secondary gifted classrooms in Singapore and the United States. Teachers from Singapore (n = 67) and teachers from the United States (n = 33) in 5 subject domains including math, science, English,…

  10. Preservice Childhood Education Teachers' Perceptions of Instructional Practices for Developing Young Children's Interest in Reading

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Al-Barakat, Ali Ahmad; Bataineh, Ruba Fahmi

    2011-01-01

    Within the context of the increasing attention to reading in educational contexts around the globe, this study uses a semistructured interview to explore 93 Jordanian preservice teachers' perceptions of instructional practices for developing young children's interest in reading. The participants reported on 7 major teacher practices they perceive…

  11. The Head-Teacher's Instructional Role in Academic Achievement in Secondary Schools in Vihiga District, Kenya

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Musungu, L. L.; Nasongo, J. W.

    2008-01-01

    The head teachers' role is to promote academic performance. It is therefore important that the performance of a school is appraised against the performance of the person who leads it. The purpose of the study was to investigate the instructional role of the head-teacher in academic achievement in Kenya Certificate of Secondary Education (KCSE)…

  12. Rural High School Teachers' Self-Efficacy in Student Engagement, Instructional Strategies, and Classroom Management

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shoulders, Tori L.; Krei, Melinda Scott

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to compare the differences in rural high school teachers' (n = 256) self-efficacy in student engagement, instructional practices, and classroom management using selected teacher characteristics. Analysis of variance showed significant mean differences between different levels of education in self-efficacy for…

  13. Applying Effective Instruction Research Findings in Teacher Education: Six Influencing Factors.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gee, Elsie W.

    This preliminary report provides an overview of the Applying Research to Teacher Education (ARTE) Research Utilization in Elementary Teacher Education (RUETE) study which began in 1982 and will continue through 1985. ARTE: RUETE explores specific processes for incorporating recent research findings of effective instruction into preservice…

  14. A Mixed-Method Study of EFL Teachers' Internet Use in Language Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chen, Yu-Li

    2008-01-01

    Information and communication technology has affected language instruction in Taiwanese higher education. Varieties of assorted Internet tools are incorporated in educational settings to engage students in learning. To facilitate the improvement of teacher preparation for Internet use, it is important to study the factors influencing teachers in…

  15. Dynamic Variables of Science Classroom Discourse in Relation to Teachers' Instructional Beliefs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kaya, Sibel

    2014-01-01

    The current study examines if the occurrence of dynamic variables namely, authentic questions, uptake, high-level evaluation and student questions in primary science classrooms vary by teachers' instructional beliefs. Twelve 4th grade teachers from two different schools volunteered to participate in the study. Data was collected through…

  16. Writing Instruction in Elementary Classrooms: Why Teachers Engage or Do Not Engage Students in Writing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harward, Stan; Peterson, Nancy; Korth, Byran; Wimmer, Jennifer; Wilcox, Brad; Morrison, Timothy G.; Black, Sharon; Simmerman, Sue; Pierce, Linda

    2014-01-01

    This qualitative study explored reasons K-6 teachers did or did not engage students regularly in writing. Interviews with 14 teachers, classified as high, transitional, and low implementers of writing instruction, revealed three themes: hindrances and helps, beliefs concerning practice, and preparation and professional development. Both high and…

  17. Analysis of an Instructional Coach's Role as Elementary School Language Teachers' Professional Developer

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chien, Chin-Wen

    2013-01-01

    Coaches can provide teachers with quality professional development experiences by mentoring, providing workshops, modeling, or encouraging professional growth (York-Barr & Duke, 2004). This study focuses on the instructional coach's role in the professional development of teachers of English language learners (ELLs). The study has the following…

  18. Relationship between Pre-Service Music Teachers' Personality and Motivation for Computer-Assisted Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Perkmen, Serkan; Cevik, Beste

    2010-01-01

    The main purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between pre-service music teachers' personalities and their motivation for computer-assisted music instruction (CAI). The "Big Five" Model of Personality served as the framework. Participants were 83 pre-service music teachers in Turkey. Correlation analysis revealed that three…

  19. STEM Teachers' Planned and Enacted Attempts at Implementing Engineering Design-Based Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Capobianco, Brenda M.; Rupp, Madeline

    2014-01-01

    This study investigates grades 5 and 6 science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) teachers' planned and actualized engineering design-based instruction, the instruments used to characterize their efforts, and the implications this work has for teachers' implementations of an integrated approach to STEM education.…

  20. Beliefs and Instructional Practices among Secondary Teachers within Selected High- and Low-Performing High Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peabody, Dayle

    2011-01-01

    Previous research has demonstrated a correlation between student demographic factors and standardized test scores in Florida. The researcher examined the impact teacher beliefs and instructional practices had on students' performance on Florida Comprehensive Reading Assessment Test in 10th grade. Teachers at four schools with a majority of at-risk…

  1. Teachers' Perceptions of Digital Game Based Learning as a Pertinent Instructional Method

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zigo, Suzanne L.

    2016-01-01

    Digital game-based instruction is a relatively new phenomenon in the world of education. Teachers hold the key to unlock the world of DGBL within the classroom. Within the classroom a teacher is much like an artist with a blank canvas and typically artistic freedom is granted. What is taught, the curriculum, is generally mandated by local,…

  2. Building Shared Instructional Leadership: Emerging Roles and Relationships of Teacher Leaders

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Evans-Pierce, Valeria

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore teacher leaders' and principals' perceptions of instructional leadership in a shared context. The multi-stage multiple-case study examined roles and relationships of teacher leaders and principal teams across four schools within a Midwestern urban school district engaging in what has been identified in…

  3. Coaching: Impacting Teacher Behavior to Improve the Quality of Classroom Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Black, Melanie R.

    2012-01-01

    This study addressed the extent to which coaching, as a specific type of professional development, impacted teacher behavior and instructional quality. Specifically, this study sought to determine the extent to which teachers understood and used Marzano's nine high-yield strategies as a result of their participation in six weeks of on-site…

  4. Brain-Based Learning and Classroom Practice: A Study Investigating Instructional Methodologies of Urban School Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morris, Lajuana Trezette

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the implementation of brain-based instructional strategies by teachers serving at Title I elementary, middle, and high schools within the Memphis City School District. This study was designed to determine: (a) the extent to which Title I teachers applied brain-based strategies, (b) the differences in…

  5. An Examination of Preservice Literacy Teachers' Initial Attempts to Provide Instructional Scaffolding

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Many, Joyce E.; Taylor, Donna Lester; Wang, Yan; Sachs, Gertrude Tinker; Schreiber, Heidi

    2007-01-01

    In today's diverse schools, meeting individual literacy needs of students is one of the most challenging aspects of teaching. Instructional scaffolding is a powerful tool that many literacy teachers use to meet the challenge. While the term denotes a wide array of strategies, most teachers use scaffolding in some form or another in their…

  6. Pre-Service Teachers: An Analysis of Reading Instruction in High Needs Districts Dual Language Classrooms

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Whitacre, Michael; Diaz, Zulmaris; Esquierdo, Joy

    2013-01-01

    Pre-service teachers need opportunities to apply theory and connect to best practices as they teach in classroom settings be it, whole or small group. For many pre-service teachers often times their experience is limited to simply watching instruction or working with small groups of students (Pryor & Kuhn, 2004). The student teaching…

  7. Investigating Instructional Practices of an African American Male Mathematics Teacher with Underachieving African American Male Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Muhammad, Rhonda K.

    2012-01-01

    This qualitative study examined the instructional practices of an experienced African American mathematics teacher to determine his perceived capabilities in augmenting academic proficiency for his African American male students. Provided in this descriptive case study are the lived experiences of an African American male teacher working to move…

  8. Puppets and Puppeteers: External Mandates and the Instructional Practice of Two First-Year Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bengtson, Ed; Connors, Sean P.

    2014-01-01

    This longitudinal study examined how the approach leaders in two schools took to implementing the Common Core State Standards shaped the way that two first-year teachers constructed meaning related to being a teacher. Instructional leadership constructs and threat rigidity theory were used to analyze qualitative data gathered over a nine-month…

  9. Preparing Physical Education Preservice Teachers to Design Instructionally Aligned Lessons through Constructivist Pedagogical Practices

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    MacPhail, Ann; Tannehill, Deborah; Karp, Grace Goc

    2013-01-01

    Examining how teacher education influences preservice teachers' (PSTs) application of content knowledge, decision making when planning for teaching, creation of innovative teaching practices and design of aligned instruction, has significant implications for understanding learning to teach. The purpose of this study was to explore the extent to…

  10. Teachers' Cooperative Design of Instruction with Media for Social and Environmental Studies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Saga, Hiroo

    This study examines how a group of Japanese teachers cooperatively designed lessons using a television program and other materials for social and environmental studies. Teachers started the design by identifying their aims of instruction through examining the contents of an educational television program. This program described how a group of…

  11. The Role of Environmental Factors in Beginning Teachers' Professional Learning Related to Differentiated Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    De Neve, Debbie; Devos, Geert

    2016-01-01

    Little research has investigated factors that facilitate beginning teachers' participation in professional learning activities related to differentiated instruction (DI). This study examines environmental factors for DI learning activities in a sample of 272 beginning teachers from 72 primary schools. Multilevel analyses show that teacher…

  12. Learning to Do Concept-Based Pragmatics Instruction: Teacher Development and L2 Pedagogical Content Knowledge

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    van Compernolle, Rémi A.; Henery, Ashlie

    2015-01-01

    This article explores the development of pedagogical content knowledge in relation to one teacher's experience in learning to engage in a Vygotskian approach to teaching second language (L2) pragmatics known as "concept-based pragmatics instruction" (CBPI). The teacher, Mrs. Hanks, was a PhD candidate in second language acquisition at…

  13. Physical Education Teacher Training in Fundamental Movement Skills Makes a Difference to Instruction and Assessment Practices

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lander, Natalie Jayne; Barnett, Lisa M.; Brown, Helen; Telford, Amanda

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate instruction and assessment of fundamental movement skills (FMSs) by Physical Education (PE) teachers of Year 7 girls. Of 168 secondary school PE teachers, many had received little FMSs professional development, and although most assessed student FMSs proficiency, the quality of assessment was variable.…

  14. Student Groupings and Instructional Strategies of Kindergarten and First-Grade Teachers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lawler, S. Dianne

    Examined were differences between 36 Tennessee kindergarten and first-grade teachers' us of student groupings and instructional time. Teachers were observed twice at the beginning of the school year and once again approximately 8 weeks later. Eight observers collected data using the Stallings Observation Instrument, a measure consisting of: (1) a…

  15. Coaching Teachers for Emergent Literacy Instruction Using Performance-Based Feedback

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCollum, Jeanette A.; Hemmeter, Mary Louise; Hsieh, Wu-Ying

    2013-01-01

    Coaching has garnered support as a professional development approach that helps teachers use research-based instruction to teach emergent literacy skills to young children. However, approaches to coaching vary widely, as do the backgrounds and training of the teachers included in different studies. This study investigated the influence of…

  16. A Voyage in Emergent Writing: Case Study of Writing Instructional Practices of Two Kindergarten Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mack, Frances L.

    2012-01-01

    This study examined how teachers design and implement instructional strategies to enhance students' emergent writing. A case study methodology was used to examine the elements of an emergent writing program of two kindergarten teachers. The study hoped to define a classroom environment that is conducive to literacy and writing using best…

  17. Teacher-Mediated Instructional Strategies for Students with Emotional or Behavioral Disorders

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hirn, Regina Gilkey; Park, Kristy L.

    2012-01-01

    Students with emotional and behavioral disorders (E/BD) may exhibit both learning and behavioral needs that affect the teacher's ability to provide effective instruction. Extending beyond simple academic content knowledge, effective teacher-based interventions include preventive and predictive actions that manage the disruptive behaviors often…

  18. Instruction Strategies Work out by Mathematics Teachers: Evaluating the Affect on Bachelor of Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Khan, Sumaira; Haider, Syed Zubair; Bukhari, Amjad Ali

    2016-01-01

    The main objective of this research is to study the different instruction strategies implemented by Mathematics teachers and evaluating its affect on Bachelor of Education (B.Ed) level. To complete the study, two samples 34 teachers and 217 students were taken randomly. A five point Likert scale comprising 40 statements was prepared and…

  19. Computer Education and Instructional Technology Teacher Trainees' Opinions about Cloud Computing Technology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Karamete, Aysen

    2015-01-01

    This study aims to show the present conditions about the usage of cloud computing in the department of Computer Education and Instructional Technology (CEIT) amongst teacher trainees in School of Necatibey Education, Balikesir University, Turkey. In this study, a questionnaire with open-ended questions was used. 17 CEIT teacher trainees…

  20. Instructional Conversations: A Qualitative Exploration of Differences in Elementary Teachers' Team Discussions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Henry, Susan F.

    2012-01-01

    Despite increasing opportunities for teachers' teamwork in schools (MetLife, 2010; Wei, Darling-Hammond, & Adamson, 2010), few studies have examined how teachers' team discussions generate benefits that may support instructional improvement or how and why teams may vary in their capacity to generate such benefits. In this study, I…

  1. Exploring ESL/EFL Teachers' Pedagogical Content Knowledge on Reading Strategy Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Xu, Wei

    2015-01-01

    Any instructional practice must be derived from a teacher's knowledge base for teaching, which can be acquired by training, study, or practice. While much attention has been paid to teachers' practical content knowledge in real educational settings, comprehensive syntheses of expert knowledge on a particular teaching task for a specific group of…

  2. Developing a Community of Practice to Support Preservice Elementary Teachers' Nature of Science Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Akerson, Valarie L.; Donnelly, Lisa A.; Riggs, Morgan L.; Eastwood, Jennifer L.

    2012-01-01

    This study explored "To what extent will preservice teachers with adequate nature of science (NOS) conceptions and who participate in a community supporting NOS instruction teach NOS in their internship settings?" Using a combination of focus group discussions and peer feedback, five preservice teachers met with university personnel bi-monthly…

  3. Elementary Teachers' Experiences and Perceptions of Departmentalized Instruction: A Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Strohl, Alecia; Schmertzing, Lorraine; Schmertzing, Richard

    2014-01-01

    This case study investigated elementary teachers' experiences and perceptions during a trial year of departmentalized instruction in a rural south Georgia elementary school. To inform their decision about whole-school departmentalization for the future, school administrators appointed twelve first through third grade teachers to pilot the…

  4. An Investigation of Three Approaches for Science Methods Instruction of Pre-Service Elementary Teachers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Horak, Willis J.

    The purpose of this study was to determine if alternative modes of science methods instruction differentially affect pre-service elementary teachers: (1) beliefs about science teaching; (2) general attitudes toward teaching; and (3) beliefs about the relative importance of specific teacher behaviors. The subjects were 90 students enrolled in three…

  5. Special Education Teachers' Perceptions and Instructional Practices in Response to Intervention Implementation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Swanson, Elizabeth; Solis, Michael; Ciullo, Stephen; McKenna, John W.

    2012-01-01

    This study reports on the perceptions and instructional practices of Grades 3 through 5 special education teachers in a school district that implemented a multitiered response to intervention (RTI) framework for the previous 5 years. The authors used focus groups and interviews to examine special education teachers' perceptions of RTI. In…

  6. Learning Study: Nurturing the Instructional Design and Teaching Competency of Pre-Service Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cheng, Eric C. K.

    2014-01-01

    This paper presents an evaluation study of an innovative and theory-based initial teacher education course entitled Learning Study, the aim of which is to develop the instructional design and teaching competency of pre-service teachers in Hong Kong. The Learning Study course is offered to all second year students as part of the Bachelor of…

  7. Teachers' Perspective on Using Technology as an Instructional Tool

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davidson, Leavery Y. Jefferson

    2012-01-01

    Federal mandates require technology use in the classroom, but not all English language arts (ELA) teachers have implemented technology as an integral part of teaching. The purpose of this qualitative case study was to investigate why ELA teachers in 2 local high schools rarely or never use technology as an instructional tool. The study was…

  8. Teacher Qualification and Instructional Delivery Modes at the Preschool Level in Nigeria

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Odinko, Monica N.; Williams, Joanne M.; Donn, Gari

    2009-01-01

    Through this study researchers sought to evaluate the effects of qualification on instructional delivery modes of practicing preschool teachers in Nigeria. The sample consisted of 93 preschool teachers and 2,859 pupils aged 4 to 5 years. Schools were selected through stratified random sampling to ensure adequate representation of private, public,…

  9. A Professional Learning Program Designed to Increase K-12 Teachers' Instructional Technology Use

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spencer, Lisa A.

    2014-01-01

    Despite the ready availability of many instructional-technology resources, many teachers in the researched Maryland school district are uncomfortable using technology to deliver content. This concurrent mixed methods case study examined the impact of Sharing Technology with Educators Program (STEP) on 269 K-12 teachers' technology use. The study…

  10. Inquiry-Based Instruction with Archived, Online Data: An Intervention Study with Preservice Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ucar, Sedat; Trundle, Kathy Cabe; Krissek, Lawrence

    2011-01-01

    This mixed methods study described preservice teachers' conceptions of tides and explored the efficacy of integrating online data into inquiry-based instruction. Data sources included a multiple-choice assessment and in-depth interviews. A total of 79 participants in secondary, middle, and early childhood teacher education programs completed the…

  11. Inservice Mathematics Education for Elementary School Teachers Via Computer-Assisted Instruction (Gladeville). Interim Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hall, Keith A.; And Others

    A second field test of a computer-based, mobile, in-service teacher education program in modern mathematics for elementary school teachers is reported here. Evaluations of the students' achievement and of their attitudes towards mathematics and computer-assisted instruction, as well as an analysis of the relationships among achievement, attitudes,…

  12. Preschool Teachers' Sense of Community, Instructional Quality, and Children's Language and Literacy Gains

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guo, Ying; Kaderavek, Joan N.; Piasta, Shayne B.; Justice, Laura M.; McGinty, Anita

    2011-01-01

    Research Findings: This study investigated relations among preschool teachers' (n = 75) sense of community, classroom language and literacy instructional quality, and children's (n = 398) gains in vocabulary and print concept knowledge during an academic year. Hierarchical linear modeling (HLM) results indicated that teachers' language and…

  13. Teacher's Differentiated Instruction Practices and Implementation Challenges for Learning Disabilities in Jordan

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Siam, Karam; Al-Natour, Mayada

    2016-01-01

    This study aimed to identify the differentiated instruction practices used by Jordanian teachers and the challenges they faced when teaching students with learning disabilities in Amman. The sample of the study consisted of 194 teachers. It followed a mixed method design and consisted of two parts. First, a quantitative analysis of a questionnaire…

  14. An evaluation of computer-based programmed instruction for promoting teachers' greetings of parents by name.

    PubMed

    Ingvarsson, Einar T; Hanley, Gregory P

    2006-01-01

    Although greeting parents by name facilitates subsequent parent-teacher communication, baseline measures revealed that 4 preschool teachers never or rarely greeted parents by name during morning check-in. To promote frequent and accurate use of parents' names by teachers, the effects of a fully automated computerized assessment and programmed instruction (CAPI) intervention were evaluated in a multiple baseline design. The CAPI intervention involved assessment and training of relations among parents' and children's pictures and names, and produced rapid learning of parent names. The CAPI intervention also resulted in substantial improvements in the classroom use of parents' names for 3 of the 4 teachers; however, a supervisor-mediated feedback package (consisting of instructions, differential reinforcement, and error correction) was necessary to maintain name use for 2 of those teachers. The practical strengths and limitations of computer-based teacher training are discussed.

  15. The Role of Teachers' Pedagogical and Subject-Matter Knowledge in Planning and Enacting Science-Inquiry Instruction, and in Assessing Students' Science-Inquiry Learning

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Birlean, Camelia

    when the inquiry-based projects were compared across participants. The inquiry-based science projects varied in their degree of complexity, sophistication, originality of the topic, and method of investigation. The projects originating from Edward teacher's instruction were qualitatively superior to those assessed by the Novice-Expert and Novice-Novice teachers. In addition, these inquiry-based projects were the only projects that addressed the criterion of originality. The instructional model depicted within the Expert-Expert teacher's case provide the beginning of a model of instructional alignment in which planning, teaching, and assessing are examined as three interconnected processes that mutually informed and continuously enhance each other.

  16. Promoting Prospective Elementary Teachers' Learning to Use Formative Assessment for Life Science Instruction

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sabel, Jaime L.; Forbes, Cory T.; Zangori, Laura

    2015-06-01

    To support elementary students' learning of core, standards-based life science concepts highlighted in the Next Generation Science Standards, prospective elementary teachers should develop an understanding of life science concepts and learn to apply their content knowledge in instructional practice to craft elementary science learning environments grounded in students' thinking. To do so, teachers must learn to use high-leverage instructional practices, such as formative assessment, to engage students in scientific practices and connect instruction to students' ideas. However, teachers may not understand formative assessment or possess sufficient science content knowledge to effectively engage in related instructional practices. To address these needs, we developed and conducted research within an innovative course for preservice elementary teachers built upon two pillars—life science concepts and formative assessment. An embedded mixed methods study was used to evaluate the effect of the intervention on preservice teachers' (n = 49) content knowledge and ability to engage in formative assessment practices for science. Findings showed that increased life content knowledge over the semester helped preservice teachers engage more productively in anticipating and evaluating students' ideas, but not in identifying effective instructional strategies to respond to those ideas.

  17. Pre-athletic training students perform better on written tests with teacher-centered instruction.

    PubMed

    Livecchi, Nicole M; Merrick, Mark A; Ingersoll, Christopher D; Stemmans, Catherine L

    2004-01-01

    There are many different methods of instruction used in the academic setting. Little experimental research exists examining which mode is more effective in educating students. The purpose of this study was to compare scores obtained on the written and the practical examinations of students on a single topic taught through either a teacher-centered format or a student-centered format. A 2 x 2 x 6 factorial design was used in this study. Independent variables were teaching style (teacher-centered instruction and student-centered instruction), order (first or second), and learning style (competitive, collaborative, participant, avoidant, dependent, and independent). The dependent variables were the scores obtained on a written and a practical examination of gait and crutch fitting. Forty pre-athletic training students in their first semester of their first year (16 males, 24 females) participated in this study. The Grasha-Reichmann Student Learning Style Scale was used to determine the learning styles of the subjects. The total subject pool was divided randomly into two groups, one taught by teacher-centered instruction and the other by student-centered instruction. Both groups took the same written and practical examinations, and scores were recorded. A 2 x 2 x 6 fixed model multivariate analysis of variance was performed. A difference was observed for teaching style (F2,21 = 5.35, p = 0.01), on the combination of written and practical exam scores. A difference also was observed on the written examination scores with the teacher-centered format producing better results (p < 0.05); but teacher-centered format scores did not differ from student-centered scores on the practical examination (p > 0.05). Teacher-centered instruction improves written test performance compared with student-centered instruction. When initially teaching a skill, direct teacher involvement may help students learn and perform better.

  18. The implementation and evaluation of teacher training in gaming instruction for secondary science: An action research project

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sanders, Veronica

    This study implemented and evaluated gaming instruction as a professional development for science teachers at a Georgia high school. It was guided by four research questions that (a) assessed the impact of training in gaming instruction and evaluation of that training on science teachers' ability to use games; (b) examined evidence showing that science teachers used games; (c) assessed the impact of the implementation and subsequent evaluation of games-based training on how science teachers instruct their students; and (d) explored the use of change management principles to help teachers transition from traditional to gaming instruction. The study included a purposive sampling of 10 volunteer science teachers who received the professional development of training in gaming instruction and were observed as they used games to instruct their students. Quantitative data were collected from interviews, observations, and reviews of student assignments and teacher plans, and were statistically analyzed to answer the research questions. These same methods were used to obtain qualitative data, which were also analyzed to answer the research questions as well as to understand the meaning, beliefs and experience behind the numbers. Ultimately, data analysis revealed that the science teachers not only used gaming instruction but also that the training helped them to use gaming instruction and that they considered gaming instruction a viable instruction methodology. Finally, data analysis revealed that change management was successfully used in the study.

  19. Interaction between assessment and instruction in science: A teacher's decision-making process

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Brownstein, Erica Marie

    This study describes the interaction between assessment and instruction in a secondary science classroom. This research examines a chemistry teacher in an AP class in a midwestern urban setting interactively assessing his students and how knowledge gained during that assessment affected his instructional decision-making. The theoretical framework includes reflection-in-action, the zone of proximal development, and social constructivism. The primary question that guided the study was: What is the interaction between assessment and instruction in a science classroom? The three sub questions were: How does a teacher gain knowledge of students' thinking? How does a teacher use knowledge of his students' thinking in interactive instructional decisions? What are the components of his interactive instructional decisions? Participant observation of the classroom occurred over a four month period. The elicit interview technique was used immediately following class to discuss interactive instructional decisions with the teacher. Data sources included videotapes, interviews, field notes, classroom documents, intern journal, and member checking from which triangulation was possible. The goal was to examine and understand interactive decisions that had an impact on instruction. The results indicated that the students were in a safe, accepting environment and that student levels of understanding chemistry were indeterminate, low, medium, and high. Impacts on teacher decision making were pedagogical content knowledge, assessing context, and knowledge of the student. It was found that to gain knowledge of student thinking, the teacher listened, examined student work, asked questions, and made statements. Questions the teacher asked were to probe, lead, or clarify student knowledge. Statements the teacher made would clarify or restate student words. The teacher used his understanding of student knowledge to make instructional decisions by recognizing student knowledge, connecting

  20. Teacher interaction in psychosocial learning environments: cultural differences and their implications in science instruction

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Khine, Myint Swe; Fisher, Darrell L.

    2004-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine interpersonal behaviour in psychosocial learning environments and to determine the associations between science students' perceptions of their interactions with their teachers, the cultural background of teachers and their attitudinal outcomes. A sample of 1188 students completed the Questionnaire on Teacher Interaction instrument. The responses to two subscales of Test of Science-related Attitudes were used as attitudinal measures. Significant associations between students' perceptions of teacher interpersonal behaviour and the cultural background of teachers were detected. The results showed that students perceived a more favourable interpersonal relationship with Western teachers in the secondary science classrooms. The students in the classes of Western teachers indicated that they enjoyed science lessons more than those in the classes of Asian teachers. Some implications for science instruction in this context are discussed.

  1. Teachers' Reports of Their Interactions with Teacher Leaders Concerning Classroom Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smylie, Mark A.

    1992-01-01

    Studied new working relationships between teachers and teacher leaders through a survey of 116 elementary school teachers in nonleadership positions. Teachers' beliefs concerning collegiality, interdependence, and professional status were important in establishing working relationships with teacher leaders. (MDM)

  2. Meeting the Needs of High School Science Teachers in English Language Learner Instruction

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cho, Seonhee; McDonnough, Jacqueline T.

    2009-08-01

    This survey study explored high school science teachers’ challenges and needs specific to their growing English language learning (ELL) student population. Thirty-three science teachers from 6 English as a Second language (ESL)-center high schools in central Virginia participated in the survey. Issues surveyed were (a) strategies used by science teachers to accommodate ELL students’ special needs, (b) challenges they experienced, and (c) support and training necessary for effective ELL instruction. Results suggest that language barriers as well as ELL students’ lack of science foundational knowledge challenged teachers most. Teachers perceived that appropriate instructional materials and pedagogical training was most needed. The findings have implications for science teacher preservice and inservice education in regard to working with language minority students.

  3. Investigating Rural Teachers' Professional Development, Instructional Knowledge, and Classroom Practice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Glover, Todd A.; Nugent, Gwen C.; Chumney, Frances L.; Ihlo, Tanya; Shapiro, Edward S.; Guard, Kirra; Koziol, Natalie; Bovaird, Jim

    2016-01-01

    Teachers Speak was a national survey study designed to investigate the characteristics of rural elementary school teachers' existing professional development; differences in professional development practices between rural and non-rural settings; and the potential influence of professional development characteristics on rural teachers' knowledge,…

  4. Examining Secondary Special Education Teachers' Literacy Instructional Practices

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leko, Melinda M.; Handy, Tamara; Roberts, Carly A.

    2017-01-01

    This study presents findings from a survey of secondary special education teachers who teach reading. Respondents were 577 special education teachers from a large Midwestern state who completed an online or mail survey. Results based on quantitative and qualitative analyses indicate predominant foci of secondary special education teachers' reading…

  5. Choosing Blindly: Instructional Materials, Teacher Effectiveness, and the Common Core

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chingos, Matthew M.; Whitehurst, Grover J.

    2012-01-01

    Evidence shows that instructional materials have large effects on student learning. However, little research exists on the effectiveness of most instructional materials, and very little systematic information has been collected on which materials are being used in which schools. In this new report, Russ Whitehurst and Fellow Matthew Chingos argue…

  6. Principal Instructional Leadership Behaviors: Teacher vs. Self-Perceptions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gurley, D. Keith; Anast-May, Linda; O'Neal, Marcia; Dozier, Randy

    2016-01-01

    In response to ever-increasing accountability of school principals to demonstrate higher levels of student achievement, instructional leadership continues to be an important focus among educational researchers. In this paper, researchers briefly review the literature base regarding instructional leadership, then present the conceptual framework…

  7. Transforming Reading Comprehension Instruction through Student Conferencing and Teacher Journaling

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Costello, David

    2014-01-01

    When I was asked to teach the entire literacy curriculum to my grade six students in only five months, I implemented reading conferences as an instructional practice to deepen students' reading comprehension. Classroom events related to reading conferences, student decision-making, and instructional planning were recorded in a journal. This…

  8. Progressive Writing Instruction: Empowering School Leaders and Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lacina, Jan; Block, Cathy Collins

    2012-01-01

    Many recent publications describe writing as the neglected "r"; however, there is very little data on what writing instruction looks like in schools, especially in grades 4-6. The purpose of this article is to describe large urban school district literacy leaders' views on the state of writing instruction within their districts--and their…

  9. Teacher, text, and inquiry science: Mediating instructional conversations on content, reasoning, and informational text

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pesko, Ellen Lawrence

    This dissertation is a case study of an accomplished elementary teacher and her fourth grade students as they work in an inquiry science environment using a text in the form of a scientist's notebook. The text was specifically designed to interplay with students' first-hand investigations. It is a descriptive study of the instructional moves and decisions of this teacher as she negotiated the competing goals of learning how to read informational text, learning science content, and engaging in scientific reasoning. The goal is to provide research on the mediation of text that is discipline specific and designed to complement a first-hand inquiry in the context of an elementary classroom. Although the focus of the study is on the teacher's instructional moves, it is impossible to talk about teacher mediation without discussing the kinds of challenges her students experience in learning from the text. Earlier research with the notebook texts on the topic of light (Cutter, Vincent, Magnusson & Palincsar, 2001; Ford, 1999; Palincsar, Magnusson & Hapgood, 2001) captured the role of the teacher in mediating interactions with text. Findings related to the role of teachers were: (1) teachers help to make explicit connections between the texts and students' first hand experiences, and (2) teachers guide and shape discussions in multiple ways (e.g. modeling their thinking about the scientist's questions, procedures, data and claims) (Magnusson & Palincsar, 2004). It is hoped that this dissertation will extend and add to what we know about teacher mediation of these texts, especially the mediation of features such as figures and tables. Findings of the study include the type of learning community that facilitated instructional goals, the content and reasoning opportunities that were taken up or omitted, and the teacher's instructional moves that supported learning from informational text.

  10. 24 CFR 1710.200 - Instructions for Statement of Record, Additional Information and Documentation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 5 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Instructions for Statement of Record, Additional Information and Documentation. 1710.200 Section 1710.200 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development (Continued) OFFICE OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR...

  11. Perceived Reliable Sources of Reading Instruction Information Selected by Kindergarten, First, Second, Third, Fourth, and Fifth Grade Teacher-Practitioners

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Biglane-Hodges, Janet Kimberly

    2010-01-01

    The teacher is considered the most important factor in student success. With increased emphasis on research-based information through federal legislation, teachers struggle selecting credible methods and procedures among available reading instruction sources confounding the possibility of student achievement. Teacher self-knowledge, peer teachers,…

  12. The Translation of Teachers' Understanding of Gifted Students Into Instructional Strategies for Teaching Science

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Park, Soonhye; Steve Oliver, J.

    2009-08-01

    This study examined how instructional challenges presented by gifted students shaped teachers’ instructional strategies. This study is a qualitative research grounded in a social constructivist framework. The participants were three high school science teachers who were teaching identified gifted students in both heterogeneously- and homogeneously-grouped classrooms. Major data sources are classroom observations and interviews. Data analysis indicated that these science teachers developed content-specific teaching strategies based on their understanding of gifted students, including: (a) instructional differentiation, e.g., thematic units, (b) variety in instructional mode and/or students’ products, (c) student grouping strategies and peer tutoring, (d) individualized support, (e) strategies to manage challenging questions, (f) strategies to deal with the perfectionism, and (g) psychologically safe classroom environments.

  13. Professional development in scientifically based reading instruction: teacher knowledge and reading outcomes.

    PubMed

    Podhajski, Blanche; Mather, Nancy; Nathan, Jane; Sammons, Janice

    2009-01-01

    This article reviews the literature and presents data from a study that examined the effects of professional development in scientifically based reading instruction on teacher knowledge and student reading outcomes. The experimental group consisted of four first- and second-grade teachers and their students (n = 33). Three control teachers and their students (n = 14), from a community of significantly higher socioeconomic demographics, were also followed. Experimental teachers participated in a 35-hour course on instruction of phonemic awareness, phonics, and fluency and were coached by professional mentors for a year. Although teacher knowledge in the experimental group was initially lower than that of the controls, their scores surpassed the controls on the posttest. First-grade experimental students' growth exceeded the controls in letter name fluency, phonemic segmentation, nonsense word fluency, and oral reading. Second-grade experimental students exceeded controls in phonemic segmentation. Although the teacher sample was small, findings suggest that teachers can improve their knowledge concerning explicit reading instruction and that this new knowledge may contribute to student growth in reading.

  14. Resources and instructional strategies effective middle school science teachers use to improve content area reading skills

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Beaver, Melanie S.

    This study examined the resources and instructional strategies effective middle school science teachers use to improve content area reading skills. Reading instruction in the middle school years should follow the natural cognitive progression that occurs in the adolescent brain from learning to read to reading to learn. Scientific reading is a different type of reading than most middle school students are accustomed to. It is important to understand that students will continue to be expected to read non-fiction critically for success in the 21st century. Effective teachers know this, and they perceive themselves as teachers of reading regardless of the content area in which their expertise lies. This qualitative research study was conducted at a rural middle school with three science teachers who employ before, during, and after literacy strategies when reading the textbook content with their students. The methodologies used in this study were interviews, observations, and document collection. The results of this study revealed the students' reading difficulties perceived by the teacher participants, the literacy strategies used by the teacher participants, the instructional resources the teacher participants used to improve comprehension, and the need for professional development in content area literacy.

  15. Instructional Coaching and the Effective Teacher. Q&A with Jim Knight, Ph.D. REL Mid-Atlantic Teacher Effectiveness Webinar Series

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Regional Educational Laboratory Mid-Atlantic, 2014

    2014-01-01

    Instructional coaching can help teachers adopt new practices. In this webinar, participants explored how instructional coaching can encourage teachers to adopt new practices and whether coaching has lasting effects. This webinar featured Jim Knight, Ph.D., a Research Associate at the University of Kansas, who has been studying and writing about…

  16. Teacher Quality Indicators as Predictors of Instructional Assessment Practices in Science Classrooms in Secondary Schools in Barbados

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ogunkola, Babalola J.; Archer-Bradshaw, Ramona E.

    2013-02-01

    This study investigated the self-reported instructional assessment practices of a selected sample of secondary school science teachers in Barbados. The study sought to determine if there were statistically significant differences in the instructional assessment practices of teachers based on their sex and teacher quality (teaching experience, professional qualification and teacher academic qualification). It also sought to determine the extent to which each of these four selected variables individually and jointly affected the teachers' report of their instructional assessment practices. A sample of 55 science teachers from nine secondary schools in Barbados was randomly selected to participate in this study. Data was collected by means of a survey and was analyzed using the means and standard deviations of the instructional assessment practices scores and linear, multiple and binary logistic regression. The results of the study were such that the majority of the sample reported good overall instructional assessment practices while only a few participants reported moderate assessment practices. The instructional assessment practices in the area of student knowledge were mostly moderate as indicated by the sample. There were no statistically significant differences between or among the mean scores of the teachers' reported instructional assessment practices based on sex ( t = 0.10; df = 53; p = 0.992), teaching experience ( F[4,50] = 1.766; p = 0.150), the level of professional qualification (F[3,45] = 0.2117; p = 0.111) or the level of academic qualification (F[2,52] = 0.504; p = 0.607). The independent variables (teacher sex, teaching experience, teacher professional qualification or teacher academic qualification) were not significant predictors of the instructional assessment practices scores. However, teacher sex was a significant predictor of the teachers' report of good instructional assessment practices. The study also found that the joint effect of the

  17. A narrative study of novice elementary teachers' perceptions of science instruction

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Harrell, Roberta

    It is hoped that, once implemented, the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS) will engage students more deeply in science learning and build science knowledge sequentially beginning in Kindergarten (NRC, 2013). Early instruction is encouraged but must be delivered by qualified elementary teachers who have both the science content knowledge and the necessary instructional skills to teach science effectively to young children (Ejiwale, 2012, Spencer, Vogel, 2009, Walker, 2011). The purpose of this research study is to gain insight into novice elementary teachers' perceptions of science instruction. This research suggests that infusion of constructivist teaching in the elementary classroom is beneficial to the teacher's instruction of science concepts to elementary students. Constructivism is theory that learning is centered on the learner constructing new ideas or concepts built upon their current/past knowledge (Bruner, 1966). Based on this theory, it is recommended that the instructor should try to encourage students to discover principles independently; essentially the instructor presents the problem and lets students go (Good & Brophy, 2004). Discovery learning, hands-on, experimental, collaborative, and project-based learning are all approaches that use constructivist principles. The NGSS are based on constructivist principles. This narrative study provides insight into novice elementary teachers' perceptions of science instruction considered through the lens of Constructivist Theory (Bruner, 1960).

  18. A case study of secondary teachers facilitating a historical problem-based learning instructional unit

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pecore, John L.

    Current curriculum trends promote inquiry-based student-centered strategies as a way to foster critical thinking and learning. Problem-based learning (PBL), a type of inquiry focusing on an issue or "problem," is an instructional approach taught on the basis that science reform efforts increase scientific literacy. PBL is a constructivist approach to learning real life problems where understanding is a function of content, context, experiences, and learner goals; historical PBL situates the lesson in a historical context and provides opportunities for teaching NOS concepts. While much research exists on the benefits of historical PBL to student learning in general, more research is warranted on how teachers implement PBL in the secondary science curriculum. The purpose of this study was to examine the classroom-learning environment of four science teachers implementing a historical PBL instructional unit to identify the teachers' understandings, successes and obstacles. By identifying teachers' possible achievements and barriers with implementing a constructivist philosophy when executing historical PBL, educators and curriculum designers may improve alignment of the learning environment to constructivist principles. A qualitative interpretive case study guided this research study. The four participants of this study were purposefully and conveniently selected from biology teachers with at least three years of teaching experience, degrees in education, State Licensure, and completion of a PBL workshop. Data collection consisted of pre and post questionnaires, structured interviews, a card sort activity in which participants categorized instructional outcomes, and participant observations. Results indicated that the four teachers assimilated reform-based constructivist practices to fit within their preexisting routines and highlighted the importance of incorporating teachers' current systems into reform-based teacher instruction. While participating teachers

  19. Roles, intents, and actions: First-year teachers' uses of discourse during elementary science instruction

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Newman, William J., Jr.

    In this study, I examined how three first-year elementary teachers constructed and used classroom discourse during science instruction. The three participants, though graduates from different universities, learned to teach science through similar science methods courses, which stressed the importance of inquiry-based science instruction. The participants taught different grade levels, and two of them taught at the same school. Data sources included field notes, videotapes, audiotapes, and semi-structured teacher interviews. While monologic and dialogic discourse existed in all three classrooms, monologic discourse was more prominent, especially when the discourse was teacher controlled. Dialogic discourse occurred most often during student-centered activities. The teachers constructed discourse with authoritative function to present science content and determine student comprehension. Generative function was most likely during student-based small group discussions. Monologic character often aligned with authoritative function, and dialogic character often aligned with generative function. However, monologic/generative and dialogic/authoritative discourse events did occur, contributing to the development of a discourse theory model. The teacher explanations for discourse included classroom control, inadequate planning, time constraints, life experiences, science education standards, and assessment. The teachers relied on their texts, kits, and state science standards to determine the content and methods for science instruction. They rarely reported that their science methods courses influenced how they taught science. The observed lessons rarely aligned with science education reform descriptions of appropriate science instruction. Implications include the need for in-service programs for beginning science teachers, curricular reform for science texts and kits, and explicit instruction of discourse strategies in science methods courses and in-service programs.

  20. Early Science Instruction and Academic Language Development Can Go Hand in Hand. The Promising Effects of a Low-Intensity Teacher-Focused Intervention

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Henrichs, Lotte F.; Leseman, Paul P. M.

    2014-01-01

    Early science instruction is important in order to lay a firm basis for learning scientific concepts and scientific thinking. In addition, young children enjoy science. However, science plays only a minor role in the kindergarten curriculum. It has been reported that teachers feel they need to prioritize language and literacy practices over…

  1. Pre-Service Teachers' Perceptions on Game Based Learning Scenarios in Primary Reading and Writing Instruction Courses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Karadag, Ruhan

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this study was to explore pre-service teachers' perceptions on the use of game-based learning in a Primary Reading and Writing Instruction Course. A mixed method research was used in the study. Participants were composed of a total of 189 pre-service teachers taking the Primary Reading and Writing Instruction course during the fall term…

  2. Teachers' Use of Assessment Data to Inform Instruction: Lessons from the Past and Prospects for the Future

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Datnow, Amanda; Hubbard, Lea

    2015-01-01

    Background: Data use has been promoted as a panacea for instructional improvement. However, the field lacks a detailed understanding of how teachers actually use assessment data to inform instruction and the factors that shape this process. Purpose: This article provides a review of literature on teachers' use of assessment data to inform…

  3. Reliability and Validity of the Classroom Observations of Student-Teacher Interactions (COSTI) for Kindergarten Reading Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smolkowski, Keith; Gunn, Barbara

    2012-01-01

    This paper describes the technical adequacy and potential uses of an observation system used to measure the quality of literacy instruction in kindergarten classrooms. The Classroom Observations of Student-Teacher Interactions (COSTI) documents the frequency of four student-teacher interactions during beginning reading instruction: explicit…

  4. Relationship between teacher preparedness and inquiry-based instructional practices to students' science achievement: Evidence from TIMSS 2007

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Martin, Lynn A.

    The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between teachers' self-reported preparedness for teaching science content and their instructional practices to the science achievement of eighth grade science students in the United States as demonstrated by TIMSS 2007. Six hundred eighty-seven eighth grade science teachers in the United States representing 7,377 students responded to the TIMSS 2007 questionnaire about their instructional preparedness and their instructional practices. Quantitative data were reported. Through correlation analysis, the researcher found statistically significant positive relationships emerge between eighth grade science teachers' main area of study and their self-reported beliefs about their preparedness to teach that same content area. Another correlation analysis found a statistically significant negative relationship existed between teachers' self-reported use of inquiry-based instruction and preparedness to teach chemistry, physics and earth science. Another correlation analysis discovered a statistically significant positive relationship existed between physics preparedness and student science achievement. Finally, a correlation analysis found a statistically significant positive relationship existed between science teachers' self-reported implementation of inquiry-based instructional practices and student achievement. The data findings support the conclusion that teachers who have feelings of preparedness to teach science content and implement more inquiry-based instruction and less didactic instruction produce high achieving science students. As science teachers obtain the appropriate knowledge in science content and pedagogy, science teachers will feel prepared and will implement inquiry-based instruction in science classrooms.

  5. The Investigation of Pre-Service Teachers' Concerns about Integrating Web 2.0 Technologies into Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hao, Yungwei; Wang, Shiou-ling; Chang, Su-jen; Hsu, Yin-hung; Tang, Ren-yen

    2013-01-01

    Studies indicated Web 2.0 technologies can support learning. Then, integration of innovation may create concerns among teachers because of the innovative features. In this study, the innovation refers to Web 2.0 technology integration into instruction. To help pre-service teachers make the best use of the innovation in their future instruction, it…

  6. The Implementation and Evaluation of Teacher Training in Gaming Instruction for Secondary Science: An Action Research Project

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sanders, Veronica

    2016-01-01

    This study implemented and evaluated gaming instruction as a professional development for science teachers at a Georgia high school. It was guided by four research questions that (a) assessed the impact of training in gaming instruction and evaluation of that training on science teachers' ability to use games; (b) examined evidence showing that…

  7. The Growth of Instructional Coaching Partner Conversations in a PreK-3rd Grade Teacher Professional Development Experience

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thomas, Earl E.; Bell, David L.; Spelman, Maureen; Briody, Jennifer

    2015-01-01

    Instructional coaching that supports teachers' with revising teaching practices is not understood. This study sought to understand the impact of the instructional coaching experience by recording coaching conversations/interactions with teachers. The purpose was to determine if the type of coaching conversations changed overtime during three…

  8. Examining the Content of Head Start Teachers' Literacy Instruction within Two Activity Contexts during Large-Group Circle Time

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zhang, Chenyi; Diamond, Karen E.; Powell, Douglas R.

    2015-01-01

    Large-group circle time is an important component of many preschool classrooms' daily schedules. This study scrutinized the teaching content of Head Start teachers' literacy instruction (i.e., the types of literacy concept embedded within the instruction, lexical characteristics of teachers' talk, and elaborations on literacy knowledge) in two…

  9. Creating Digital Games as Interactive Learning Environments: Factors That Affect Palestinian Teachers' Success in Modifying Video Games for Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Younis, Bilal Khaleel

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the factors that might predict Palestinian teachers' success in modding games for instruction. An instructional game design model named Game Modding for Non-Professionals (GMNP) was created specifically for the training of Palestinian teachers during this study. This study addressed the question: To…

  10. Instructional Development for Teachers in Higher Education: Effects on Students' Perceptions of the Teaching-Learning Environment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stes, Ann; De Maeyer, Sven; Gijbels, David; Van Petegem, Peter

    2012-01-01

    Background: Although instructional development for teachers has become an important topic in higher education, little is known about its actual impact. In particular, evidence regarding the impact of teachers' instructional development on students' perceptions of the teaching-learning environment is scarce. Aims: The impact of an instructional…

  11. Implementing the Next Generation Science Standards: How Instructional Coaches Mediate Standards-Based Educational Reform to Teacher Practice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Laxton, Katherine E.

    2016-01-01

    This dissertation takes a close look at how district-level instructional coaches support teachers in learning to shifting their instructional practice, related to the Next Generation Science Standards. This dissertation aims to address how re-structuring professional development to a job-embedded coaching model supports individual teacher learning…

  12. Implementing the Next Generation Science Standards: How Instructional Coaches Mediate Standards-Based Educational Reform to Teacher Practice

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Laxton, Katherine E.

    This dissertation takes a close look at how district-level instructional coaches support teachers in learning to shifting their instructional practice, related to the Next Generation Science Standards. This dissertation aims to address how re-structuring professional development to a job-embedded coaching model supports individual teacher learning of new reform-related instructional practice. Implementing the NGSS is a problem of supporting professional learning in a way that will enable educators to make fundamental changes to their teaching practice. However, there are few examples in the literature that explain how coaches interact with teachers to improve teacher learning of reform-related instructional practice. There are also few examples in the literature that specifically address how supporting teachers with extended professional learning opportunities, aligned with high-leverage practices, tools and curriculum, impacts how teachers make sense of new standards-based educational reforms and what manifests in classroom instruction. This dissertation proposes four conceptual categories of sense-making that influence how instructional coaches interpret the nature of reform, their roles and in instructional improvement and how to work with teachers. It is important to understand how coaches interpret reform because their interpretations may have unintended consequences related to privileging certain views about instruction, or establishing priorities for how to work with teachers. In this dissertation, we found that re-structuring professional development to a job-embedded coaching model supported teachers in learning new reform-related instructional practice. However, individual teacher interpretations of reform emerged and seemed to be linked to how instructional coaches supported teacher learning.

  13. Metacomprehension during Basal Reader Instruction: Do Teachers Promote It?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schmitt, Maribeth Cassidy; Baumann, James F.

    1990-01-01

    Analyzes elementary teachers' interactions with students during guided reading of basal reader selections to determine the extent to which the interactions promote students' metacomprehension abilities. Finds that teachers assumed most of the responsibility for students' comprehension themselves rather than conducting the lessons in a manner that…

  14. Teachers' Perceptions of Examining Students' Thinking: Changing Mathematics Instructional Practice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anderson-Pence, Katie L.

    2015-01-01

    This paper seeks to illuminate teachers' perceptions of the challenges and benefits of systematically examining students' thinking as part of a professional development program in elementary mathematics education. Using a framework of models of conceptual change and principles of discomfort, three elementary teachers' perceptions of their…

  15. Preservice Elementary Teachers' Critique of Instructional Materials for Science

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davis, Elizabeth A.

    2006-01-01

    Science teachers must adapt curriculum materials, so preservice teachers must develop beginning proficiency with this authentic task of teaching. What criteria do they use when they critique these materials in preparation for adapting them, when they develop the criteria themselves and when they are given a set of criteria from which to choose?…

  16. Consultation To Improve Teachers' Instruction of the Profoundly Handicapped.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McDaid, Janet L.

    The paper summarizes a study of the educational environments of profoundly handicapped pupils enrolled in special education classes relative to the types of learning experiences, social opportunities, and services provided by three teachers in the San Diego, California, school district. The teachers were all in their first year working with the…

  17. Districts, Teacher Leaders, and Distributed Leadership: Changing Instructional Practice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Firestone, William A.; Martinez, M. Cecilia

    2007-01-01

    Using case studies of four schools in three districts, this article explores how leadership is distributed in districts and asks about the role of teacher leaders. It proposes that teacher leaders and districts can share three leadership tasks: procuring and distributing materials, monitoring improvement, and developing people. The district and…

  18. Instruction, Perception, and Reflection: Transforming Beginning Teachers' Habits of Mind

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fenderson, Sandra

    2010-01-01

    Graduates from three Northern California private universities K-12 teacher preparation programs were invited to participate in an online survey to share their perceptions of the California Teaching Performance Assessment (CalTPA) as it influenced their K-12 beginning teacher practice. Self-selected respondents further volunteered to discuss their…

  19. Graphic Novels: What Elementary Teachers Think about Their Instructional Value

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lapp, Diane; Wolsey, Thomas DeVere; Fisher, Douglas; Frey, Nancy

    2012-01-01

    Survey methods were employed to learn more about teachers' attitudes toward graphic novels and how graphic novels are used in their classrooms. Questions explored participants' attitudes and actual classroom use. The survey research sought to determine if teachers are open to using graphic novels and the extent of their willingness to do so.…

  20. An Instructional Model for Preparing Teachers for Fieldwork

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hughes, Jacqueline

    2009-01-01

    Teacher education and the teaching profession are adapting to innovative methods to ensure the professional longevity and effectiveness of those who become educators. This is particularly important because of the early, and sometimes abrupt, exit of beginning teachers from the profession. Clearly, to mitigate such early exodus from the profession,…

  1. An Instructional Challenge through Problem Solving for Physics Teacher Candidates

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nashon, Samson Madera; Anderson, David; Nielsen, Wendy S.

    2009-01-01

    The teaching of science, especially at pre-college and teacher education levels has undergone tremendous transformation over the years: from teacher-centred transmission to student-centred approaches rooted in constructivism. Whereas constructivism has been charged with all manner of shortfalls, it still can be of benefit to the way physics…

  2. Supporting Teachers' Use of Research-Based Instructional Sequences

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cobb, Paul; Jackson, Kara

    2015-01-01

    In this paper, we frame the dissemination of the products of classroom design studies as a process of supporting the learning of large numbers of teachers. We argue that high-quality pull-out professional development is essential but not sufficient, and go on to consider teacher collaboration and one-on-one coaching in the classroom as additional…

  3. Mathematics Coaching Handbook: Working with Teachers to Improve Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hansen, Pia

    2009-01-01

    This book serves as a reference to help prepare and support effective math content coaches. It provides insight into the leadership skills necessary to mentor other teachers, establish collaborative teacher teams, influence school culture positively, and improve student achievement. Contents include: (1) Examining the Role of a Math Content Coach;…

  4. Preparing Teachers for Online Instruction with a Graduate Certificate Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shepherd, Craig E.; Bolliger, Doris U.; Dousay, Tonia A.; Persichitte, Kay

    2016-01-01

    Online education for K-12 students has grown rapidly over the past decade. Approximately four million K-12 students enroll in one or more online courses each year. Because online learning is expanding into K-12 settings, teacher education programs need to prepare preservice teachers to be successful in these areas. This paper describes the design…

  5. The effects of inquiry-based science instruction training on teachers of students with significant disabilities

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Courtade, Ginevra Rose

    Federal mandates (A Nation at Risk, 1983 and Project 2061: Science for all Americans, 1985) as well as the National Science Education Standards (NRC, 1996) call for science education for all students. Recent educational laws (IDEA, 1997; NCLB, 2002) require access to and assessment of the general curriculum, including science, for all students with disabilities. Although some research exists on teaching academics to students with significant disabilities, the research on teaching science is especially limited (Browder, Spooner, Ahlgrim-Delzell, Harris, & Wakeman, 2006; Browder, Wakeman, et al., 2006; Courtade, et al., 2006). The purpose of this investigation was to determine if training teachers of students with significant disabilities to teach science concepts using a guided inquiry-based method would change the way science was instructed in the classroom. Further objectives of this study were to determine if training the teachers would increase students' participation and achievement in science. The findings of this study demonstrated a functional relationship between the inquiry-based science instruction training and teacher's ability to instruct students with significant disabilities in science using inquiry-based science instruction. The findings of this study also indicated a functional relationship between the inquiry-based science instruction training and acquisition of student inquiry skills. Also, findings indicated an increase in the number of science content standards being addressed after the teachers received the training. Some students were also able to acquire new science terms after their teachers taught using inquiry-based instruction. Finally, social validity measures indicated a high degree of satisfaction with the intervention and its intended outcomes.

  6. Determinants of Benin elementary school science teachers' orientation toward inquiry-based instructional practices

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gado, Issaou

    The Republic of Benin (West Africa) undertook a nationwide curriculum reform that put an emphasis on inquiry-based instructional practices. Little, if any, research has been conducted to explore factors that could be related to teachers' orientation toward inquiry instructional practices. The purpose of this research study was to investigate factors and concerns that determine Benin elementary school teachers' orientation toward the use of inquiry-based instruction in the teaching of science. The study followed a naturalistic inquiry methodology combining a correlational ex post facto design and an observational case-study design. The theory of Planned Behavior was the conceptual framework used to design the study. Two hundred (N = 200) elementary school teachers and three (n = 3) case study participants were purposively selected. Data was gathered via the Revised Science Attitude Scale (Thompson & Shrigley, 1986), the Science Teachers' Ideological Preference Scale (Jones & Harty, 1978), open-ended questions, interviews, and classroom observations using audiorecorders, videorecorders, and the researcher-contextualized version of the Observational System for the Analysis of Classroom Instruction (Hough, 1966). Qualitative and quantitative data provided a deeper understanding of participants' responses. Quantitative measures indicated that Benin elementary school teachers have positive attitudes toward school science, significant positive orientation toward both inquiry-based instruction and traditional non inquiry-based instruction, and higher orientation toward inquiry-based instruction than traditional non inquiry-based instruction. Attitude toward handling materials for investigations was found to significantly contribute to the prediction of participants' inquiry orientation. Qualitative analyses of participants' responses indicated that the expectations of educational leaders, individual motivation to comply with the program, a perceived control of the

  7. Factors Influencing Entering Teacher Candidates' Preferences for Instructional Activities: A glimpse into their orientations towards teaching

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Talanquer, Vicente; Novodvorsky, Ingrid; Tomanek, Debra

    2010-07-01

    The present study was designed to identify and characterize the major factors that influence entering science teacher candidates' preferences for different types of instructional activities, and to analyze what these factors suggest about teacher candidates' orientations towards science teaching. The study involved prospective teachers enrolled in the introductory science teaching course in an undergraduate science teacher preparation program. Our analysis was based on data collected using a teaching and learning beliefs questionnaire, together with structured interviews. Our results indicate that entering science teacher candidates have strong preferences for a few activity types. The most influential factors driving entering science teacher candidates' selections were the potential of the instructional activities to motivate students, be relevant to students' personal lives, result in transfer of skills to non-science situations, actively involve students in goal-directed learning, and implement curriculum that represents what students need to know. This set of influencing factors suggests that entering science teacher candidates' orientations towards teaching are likely driven by one or more of these three central teaching goals: (1) motivating students, (2) developing science process skills, and (3) engaging students in structured science activities. These goals, and the associated beliefs about students, teaching, and learning, can be expected to favor the development or enactment of three major orientations towards teaching in this population of future science teachers: "motivating students," "process," and "activity-driven."

  8. Professional Teacher Education Module Series. Provide Instruction for Slower and More Capable Learners, Module C-14 of Category C--Instructional Execution.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ohio State Univ., Columbus. National Center for Research in Vocational Education.

    This fourteenth in a series of twenty-nine learning modules on instructional execution is designed to give secondary and postsecondary vocational teachers help in understanding the unique learning characteristics of different groups of students and in planning instruction so that the specific needs of slower and more capable learners can be…

  9. Elementary, General-Education Teachers' Reports of Self-Efficacy in Using Evidenced-Based Instructional Strategies to Differentiate Instruction for Students with Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stevens, Kimberly Y.

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this exploratory study was to describe elementary, general-education teachers' reports of self-efficacy (Bandura, 1997) in using Marzano et al.'s (2010) evidenced-based instructional strategies to differentiate instruction for students with disabilities. The two frameworks that guided this investigation were Bandura's (1997) theory…

  10. Comparison of Effects of Teaching English to Thai Undergraduate Teacher-Students through Cross-Curricular Thematic Instruction Program Based on Multiple Intelligence Theory and Conventional Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rattanavich, Saowalak

    2013-01-01

    This study is aimed at comparing the effects of teaching English to Thai undergraduate teacher-students through cross-curricular thematic instruction program based on multiple intelligence theory and through conventional instruction. Two experimental groups, which utilized Randomized True Control Group-Pretest-posttest Time Series Design and…

  11. Assessing life science conceptions: The interplay among children's ideas, teachers' assessments and elementary classroom instruction

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Endreny, Anna Henderson

    Science education reform efforts recommend constructivist-based science teaching and authentic assessment. This case study examines a third-grade classroom where the teacher had been trained as a lead teacher for this science reform, and participated in an assessment study group with other elementary teachers. As the teacher taught a unit on adaptations and habitats, the researcher examined the connections between the students' ideas, the instruction, assessment and the teacher's work with her study group. A qualitative case study design was used for this research because it tried to answer the following descriptive research questions: (1) What were the children's conceptions about adaptations and habitats throughout this unit, and how were their conceptions affected by instruction? (2) How did the teacher's assessment of her students' ideas inform her instruction, and how did the study group influence the teacher's assessments? (3) How did the study group change their views of assessment over the course of this unit? Interviews with children and teachers were triangulated with classroom and study group observations as well as assessment documents. During classroom instruction, the children engaged in hands-on tasks related to crustaceans and their habitats. The children were also encouraged to discuss their ideas, and thus co-construct knowledge. At times, their teacher would assess her students' ideas and scaffold them. However, this tended to occur with very concrete concepts and not for more complex concepts. The teacher's method of assessment, which she designed in her study group, did not help her assess complex concepts. Thus, authentic assessment was the missing link in her classroom instruction. The study group's goal was to create assessments to inform the teaching of this unit. However, they viewed assessment as standardized, quantitative and for grading purposes. Because their goal did not match their initial view, they experienced frustration and

  12. The Pedagogical Orientations of South African Physical Sciences Teachers Towards Inquiry or Direct Instructional Approaches

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ramnarain, Umesh; Schuster, David

    2014-08-01

    In recent years, inquiry-based science instruction has become widely advocated in science education standards in many countries and, hence, in teacher preparation programmes. Nevertheless, in practice, one finds a wide variety of science instructional approaches. In South Africa, as in many countries, there is also a great disparity in school demographic situations, which can also affect teaching practices. This study investigated the pedagogical orientations of in-service physical sciences teachers at a diversity of schools in South Africa. Assessment items in a Pedagogy of Science Teaching Test (POSTT) were used to identify teachers' science teaching orientations, and reasons for pedagogical choices were probed in interviews. The findings reveal remarkable differences between the orientations of teachers at disadvantaged township schools and teachers at more privileged suburban schools. We found that teachers at township schools have a strong `active direct' teaching orientation overall, involving direct exposition of the science followed by confirmatory practical work, while teachers at suburban schools exhibit a guided inquiry orientation, with concepts being developed via a guided exploration phase. The study identified contextual factors such as class size, availability of resources, teacher competence and confidence, time constraints, student ability, school culture and parents' expectations as influencing the methods adopted by teachers. In view of the recent imperative for inquiry-based learning in the new South African curriculum, this study affirms the context specificity of curriculum implementation (Bybee 1993) and suggests situational factors beyond the curriculum mandate that need to be addressed to achieve successful inquiry-based classroom instruction in science.

  13. Preferred Instructional Design Strategies for Preparation of Pre-Service Teachers of Integrated STEM Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roberts, Amanda Shackleford

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to identify the preferred instructional design strategies for the preparation of pre-service teachers who will deliver integrated STEM lessons. The research objectives were threefold and included identifying a preferred definition of integrated STEM education, developing its purpose statement, and creating a list of…

  14. Metric Attitude and Achievement of Preservice Elementary Teachers as a Function of Three Instructional Approaches.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Szabo, Michael; Kongsasana, Prasit

    The purposes of this study were to determine if preservice elementary teachers' attitude toward the metric system can be improved by completing metric units of instruction embedded in a methods course, and to investigate relationships among three types of training, attitude, and learning. The sample was comprised of 126 students in an…

  15. Individualization of Instruction: A Programmed Approach. Description of Teacher Inservice Education Materials.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Education Association, Washington, DC. Project on Utilization of Inservice Education R & D Outcomes.

    An inservice teacher education program is described in which participants experience one method of individualizing instruction through use of programmed learning workbooks and in the presence of a group leader. Inservice topics covered include self-appraisal, analysis tools, and Kurt Lewin's theory of force field analysis. Objectives are to deal…

  16. Melodic Dictation Instruction: A Survey of Advanced Placement Music Theory Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Buonviri, Nathan O.; Paney, Andrew S.

    2015-01-01

    Based on relevant literature and recent qualitative findings, the purpose of this survey research was to identify pedagogical approaches to melodic dictation employed by Advanced Placement (AP) Music Theory teachers across the United States. The researcher-designed survey questions focused on pitch and rhythm skills, instructional resources,…

  17. Pre-Service Teachers' Learning Styles and Preferences towards Instructional Technology Activities and Collaborative Works

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yusop, Farrah Dina; Sumari, Melati

    2015-01-01

    The main purpose of this exploratory study was to investigate pre-service teachers' learning styles and their preferences with respect to 15 technology-based instructional activities and collaborative work tasks. Felder and Silverman's online Index of Learning Style (ILS) and a questionnaire were used to measure students' learning styles and…

  18. Professional Competence of Teachers: Effects on Instructional Quality and Student Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kunter, Mareike; Klusmann, Uta; Baumert, Jürgen; Richter, Dirk; Voss, Thamar; Hachfeld, Axinja

    2013-01-01

    This study investigates teachers' pedagogical content knowledge, professional beliefs, work-related motivation, and self-regulation as aspects of their professional competence. Specifically, it examines how these aspects impact instruction and, in turn, student outcomes. In a nationally representative sample of 194 German secondary school…

  19. Naturalistic Observations of Elicited Expressive Communication of Children with Autism: An Analysis of Teacher Instructions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chiang, Hsu-Min

    2009-01-01

    This study observed expressive communication of 17 Australian and 15 Taiwanese children with autism who were mute or had limited spoken language during 2 hour regular school routines and analyzed teacher instructions associated with elicited expressive communication. Results indicated: (a) the frequency of occurrence of elicited expressive…

  20. Principals Mentoring Teachers to Improve Instructional Practices: A Multiple Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wren, Walter Burke

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this multiple case study was to examine the mentoring relationship between principals and their teachers in regards to instructional practice at three demographically diverse elementary schools. Multiple data sources were used to conduct qualitative research which resulted in extensive data collection and analysis. The collection of…

  1. Evaluation of Turkish Grammar Instruction Based on Primary School Teachers' Opinions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anilan, Hüseyin

    2014-01-01

    This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of the holistic approach to Turkish grammar instruction in the first stage of primary education from the opinions and experiences of Turkish primary school teachers. This study is a qualitative research designed as a phenomenological study. The study participants were selected using maximum variation…

  2. Teachers' Perception of Satisfaction, Skill Development, and Skill Application after Instructional Consultation Services

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kaiser, Lauren; Rosenfield, Sylvia; Gravois, Todd

    2009-01-01

    A primary hypothesized outcome of consultee-centered consultation, including instructional consultation (IC), is that consultees will become more skilled. However, these claims have not been well researched. Data from 274 teachers implementing IC were analyzed to investigate perceptions of satisfaction and skill development. Results indicated that…

  3. Preschool Teacher Mathematics Instruction: Exploring Practice and Implications for Preparation in Connecticut

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pember, Anne M.

    2015-01-01

    This multiple-case study discusses Connecticut public preschool teacher's mathematics instruction practice and preparation across socioeconomic settings and divergent District Reference Groups. Through the use of qualitative methods of classroom observations, interviews, and document review this multiple-case study explored the mathematics…

  4. Organizational Culture and Instructional Innovations in Higher Education: Perceptions and Reactions of Teachers and Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zhu, Chang; Engels, Nadine

    2014-01-01

    This study examines teachers' and students' perceptions of the organizational culture of their universities and their views about and reactions to instructional innovations with regard to student-centred learning, collaborative learning and use of innovative educational technologies. Six Chinese universities were involved and in total 1051…

  5. Corn Production and Marketing. An Instructional Unit for Teachers of Adult Vocational Education in Agriculture.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grace, Clyde, Jr.; Iverson, Maynard J.

    The instructional unit designed to develop the effective ability of farmers to produce, harvest, store, and market corn profitably is structured in 11 lessons. The unit was developed as a guide for use by teachers in planning and conducting young farmer or adult farmer classes. The specific topic areas include varieties of corn, principles of…

  6. Expanding Instructional Horizons: A Case Study of Teacher Team-Outside Expert Partnerships

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ermeling, Bradley A.; Yarbo, Jessica

    2016-01-01

    Background: Despite increasing popularity and mounting evidence for teacher collaboration as a lever for school improvement, reported changes in teaching associated with collaboration are often subtle and incremental, rarely involving substantial shifts in instructional practice called for by advocates of deeper learning and next-generation…

  7. The Relationship between Selected Educational Technologies and Student-Centered versus Teacher-Centered Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kollmer, Michael J.

    2013-01-01

    Not all teachers and students have equal access to technology. This inequality of access creates an uneven instructional practice that may result in varied student learning. By and large, students have limited access to technology within the confines of the classroom. New educational technologies provide schools with an opportunity to broaden and…

  8. Researching Instructional Use and the Technology Acceptation of Learning Management Systems by Secondary School Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    De Smet, Cindy; Bourgonjon, Jeroen; De Wever, Bram; Schellens, Tammy; Valcke, Martin

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this large-scale study was to understand the technology acceptation of learning management systems (LMS) by secondary school teachers and to investigate the instructional use of LMS, distinguishing between informational use and communicational use. The predictive model further includes: perceived usefulness, perceived ease of use,…

  9. Preservice Teachers Integrate Understandings of Diversity Into Literacy Instruction: An Adaptation of the ABC's Model.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Xu, Hong

    2000-01-01

    Investigated preservice teachers' understandings of their own and their students' cultural backgrounds, examining how they integrated those understandings into literacy instruction. The ABC model (autobiographies, biographies of students, cross-cultural analysis, analysis of cultural differences, and classroom practices) helped stimulate students…

  10. Exploring Potential Uses of ICT in Chinese Language Arts Instruction: Eight Teachers' Perspectives

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lin, Janet Mei-Chuen; Lee, Greg C.; Chen, Hsiu-Yen

    2004-01-01

    Eight experienced Chinese language arts teachers from a typical junior high school in Taiwan participated in this study to discuss the potential uses of information and communications technologies (ICT) in Chinese language arts instruction. After meeting for 12 roundtable sessions and using a web forum as a supplement for exchanging ideas, they…

  11. Informal Writing Assessment Linked to Instruction: A Continuous Process for Teachers, Students, and Parents

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Romeo, Lynn

    2008-01-01

    This article presents a comprehensive model of daily, classroom informal writing assessment that is constantly linked to instruction and the characteristics of proficient writers. Methods for promoting teacher, student, and parent collaboration and their roles in dialoguing, conferencing, and reflection are discussed. Strategies for including…

  12. The Impact of Mandated Statewide Testing on Teachers' Classroom Assessment and Instructional Practices.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McMillan, James H.; Myran, Steve; Workman, Daryl

    The impact of the new Virginia statewide Standards of Learning (SOL) testing program on classroom instructional and assessment practices was studied through surveys before and after implementation of the testing program. The sample represented responses from 570 secondary school teachers (of mathematics, social studies, English, and science) and…

  13. Pre-Service English as a Foreign Language Teachers' Belief Development about Grammar Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Çapan, Seyit Ahmet

    2014-01-01

    This study aims to investigate pre-service English as Foreign Language (EFL) teachers' beliefs about grammar instruction in a foreign language (FL) context through their initial teaching practices. Analyses of semi-structured interviews and classroom observations apart from pre-and post-test results of participants' responses to a belief…

  14. An Examination of Preschool Teachers' Shared Book Reading Practices in Spanish: Before and after Instructional Guidance

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pollard-Durodola, Sharolyn D.; Gonzalez, Jorge E.; Simmons, Deborah C.; Taylor, Aaron B.; Davis, Matthew J.; Simmons, Leslie; Nava-Walichowski, Miranda

    2012-01-01

    Shared book reading is a prominent practice in preschools; however, limited research has examined this practice in classrooms with English language learners (ELLs). This study investigated the shared book reading practices of seven preschool teachers of Spanish-speaking ELLs to describe their vocabulary instructional practices before and after…

  15. Innovation and Collaboration Brings Forth a New Approach to Bibliographic Instruction: Teach the Teachers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lipman, Cynthia; King-Blandford, Marcia

    1997-01-01

    To help instructors teach students basic information retrieval skills, librarians at the University of Toledo (OH) developed a bibliographic instruction program, "Teach the Teachers," to be used in the English department's composition classes. This article discusses the development of the program and cooperation between librarians and…

  16. Global Education: Instructional Strategies Used and Challenges Faced by In-Service Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eslami, Zohreh R.

    2005-01-01

    This article examines the result of a study on teachers' reported use of instructional strategies in dealing with the U.S.-Iraq war, the resources that they use, the challenges that they face in implementing a globally oriented curriculum, and the sources of influence on their commitment to global education. A questionnaire was developed and used…

  17. Instructional Management Tips for Teachers of Students with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marks, Susan Unok; Shaw-Hegwer, Jennifer; Schrader, Carl; Longaker, Tricia; Peters, Iris; Powers, Fran; Levine, Mark

    2003-01-01

    The following tips are provided for teachers of students with autism: highlight important concepts; establish alternate modes for completing assignments; use graphic and visual and mnemonic devices for maximizing retention; and prepare the student for instructional and classroom transitions. Tips for increasing time on task and attention are also…

  18. From Student Evaluations to Teacher Performance: A Study of Piano Class Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Iwaguchi, Setsuko

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate instruction in individually mentored piano classes in nursery and kindergarten teacher training programmes. Questionnaires were developed and administered to piano class students; using the resulting data, relationships among the variables that affect student's satisfaction with piano classes and their…

  19. The Motivational Effect of Televised Instruction on Teacher Directed Science Learning.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ganguly, Indrani

    It has been suggested that in science education the immediacy and pervasiveness of television and its ability to bring the world into the classroom could be effectively used by the teacher. The motivational uses of instructional television in a high school environmental science class were studied with 57 tenth graders at a suburban high school.…

  20. Sociocultural Perspectives on Teacher Language Awareness in Form-Focused EFL Classroom Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Luk, Jasmine C. M.; Wong, Ruth M. H.

    2010-01-01

    A teacher's language awareness (TLA) is generally believed to have a significant impact on grammar or form-focused (FonF) instruction. TLA has traditionally been assumed to be a cognitive construct. A more recent view on TLA argues for its sociocultural significance in second language learning. This paper builds on this recent view and attempts to…

  1. The Impact of Interdisciplinary Lesson Study on Teachers' Instructional Decisions and Technology Use

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Whisenhunt, Teresa Glenne

    2009-01-01

    Schools are complex institutions in which change occurs almost constantly. As each new piece of information is learned, the learner is changed, never to return to the same state they were prior to the act of learning, (Morrison, 2002). This study investigates the impact of interdisciplinary lesson study on teachers' instructional decisions and…

  2. A Phenomenological Study of Teacher Perceptions of the Applicability of Differentiated Reading Instruction Designs in Turkey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pilten, Gülhiz

    2016-01-01

    The main purpose of the present study is determining the practicability of the "Differentiated Reading Instruction Approach" in primary school grades in Turkey, in accordance with the teachers' perceptions, by considering important roles in the practice of the approach. The work-group of the present research is in phenomenology design,…

  3. What Reading Teachers Say about Vocabulary Instruction: Voices from the Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Berne, Jennifer I.; Blachowicz, Camille L. Z.

    2008-01-01

    Survey data gathered from a group of reading specialists and classroom teachers participating in a regional IRA conference focused on vocabulary instruction were analyzed for this article. The survey inquired into their classroom and building practices relative to the teaching of vocabulary. The results indicate that the major concern is not what…

  4. Rapport Building in Language Instruction: A Microanalysis of the Multiple Resources in Teacher Talk

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nguyen, Hanh thi

    2007-01-01

    Current guidelines on teacher--student rapport, while providing helpful suggestions, fail to address the question of how rapport building can be achieved in contextualised classroom interaction in which a balance needs to be reached between rapport and instructional tasks. Using discourse analysis informed by a conversation analytic approach and…

  5. Pre-Service Teachers' Performance of Instructionally Relevant Variation: Tensions and Breakthroughs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hunt, Paula Frederica

    2012-01-01

    This dissertation thesis describes a research inquiry that took place at a large Midwestern University, in the Fall semester of 2009, is comprised of three case studies, and attempts to respond to the question: "How do prospective teachers perceive, think about, and respond to the instructionally relevant variation of their students".…

  6. Promoting Prospective Elementary Teachers' Learning to Use Formative Assessment for Life Science Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sabel, Jaime L.; Forbes, Cory T.; Zangori, Laura

    2015-01-01

    To support elementary students' learning of core, standards-based life science concepts highlighted in the "Next Generation Science Standards," prospective elementary teachers should develop an understanding of life science concepts and learn to apply their content knowledge in instructional practice to craft elementary science learning…

  7. Acquiring Social Skills through Cooperative Learning and Teacher-Directed Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Prater, Mary Anne; Bruhl, Susan; Serna, Loretta A.

    1998-01-01

    A study compared three procedures for teaching social skills with 13 intermediate-age students with learning disabilities, emotional disturbances, or visual impairments who also participated in cooperative-learning groups. Students who received teacher-directed instruction improved in listening, problem solving, and negotiating skills during…

  8. The Impact of Differentiated Instruction in a Teacher Education Setting: Successes and Challenges

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Joseph, Stephen; Thomas, Marlene; Simonette, Gerard; Ramsook, Leela

    2013-01-01

    This study examined the impact of using a differentiated instructional approach to teaching second year students pursuing an undergraduate course in curriculum studies at a tertiary institution. These prospective teachers varied in terms of their interests, experiences, personal circumstances, and learning preferences. Four hundred and thirty-four…

  9. Multidimensional Language Performance in Training Teachers for Secondary Content Instruction through English

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Feryok, Anne

    2013-01-01

    This exploratory study focuses on four non-native English speaking secondary content teachers in a short-term immersion program aimed at introducing them to language teaching methods for secondary school content instruction through the medium of English. Such programs have been found to have largely mixed results for language performance. This may…

  10. Technohubs in Teacher Education: The Lived Experience of Assisting Peers with Instructional Technology Issues

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rook, Michael Montalto

    2014-01-01

    This study examined prospective teachers' lived experiences of assisting peers with instructional technology issues. The study built upon one of ISTE's (2003) essential conditions for integrating technology in education: technical assistance for using technology. Through a review of relevant literature, an argument was made for the study based on…

  11. Whither Instructional Design and Teacher Training? The Need for Experimental Research

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gropper, George L.

    2015-01-01

    This article takes a contrarian position: an "instructional design" or "teacher training" model, because of the sheer number of its interconnected parameters, is too complex to assess or to compare with other models. Models may not be the way to go just yet. This article recommends instead prior experimental research on limited…

  12. Investigating the Effect of Origami Instruction on Preservice Teachers' Spatial Ability and Geometric Knowledge for Teaching

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Akayuure, Peter; Asiedu-Addo, S. K.; Alebna, Victor

    2016-01-01

    Whereas origami is said to have pedagogical benefits in geometry education, research is inclusive about its effect on spatial ability and geometric knowledge among preservice teachers. The study investigated the effect of origami instruction on these aspects using pretest posttest quasi-experiment design. The experimental group consisted of 52…

  13. The Perception and Implementation of Challenging Instruction by Middle School Teachers: Overcoming Pressures from Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fulmer, Sara M.; Turner, Julianne C.

    2014-01-01

    Current education policy and reform advocate for increasing the level of challenge in K-12 classrooms in order to maximize students' learning and academic success. This study examined middle school teachers' views about implementing challenging instruction while participating in a whole-school professional development initiative. A…

  14. Results of Co-Teaching Instruction to Special Education Teacher Candidates in Tanzania

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Frey, Laura M.; Kaff, Marilyn S.

    2014-01-01

    This mixed-method descriptive pilot investigation addressed co-teaching as an inclusive school practice for special education teacher candidates at Sebastian Kolowa Memorial University (SEKOMU) in Tanzania. The investigation results, though preliminary, indicate that course content and instruction in co-teaching had a positive impact on the…

  15. The Deputy Principal Instructional Leadership Role and Professional Learning: Perceptions of Secondary Principals, Deputies and Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leaf, Ann; Odhiambo, George

    2017-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to report on a study examining the perceptions of secondary principals, deputies and teachers, of deputy principal (DP) instructional leadership (IL), as well as deputies' professional learning (PL) needs. Framed within an interpretivist approach, the specific objectives of this study were: to explore the…

  16. Hearing Their Voices: Examining Teacher Perceptions during the Implementation of an Instructional Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ohle, Kathryn A.

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to share teachers' perceptions of their and other stakeholders' roles and influence during the implementation of an instructional policy, the Targeted Reading Intervention (TRI), and its success. The TRI is a professional development (PD) program that uses a diagnostic reading model, a suggested set of reading…

  17. Instructional Effectiveness in the SHL Classroom: Comparing Teacher and Student Perceptions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beaudrie, Sara M.

    2015-01-01

    This article reports on a comparative study of teacher and student perceptions on effective instructional practices in the Spanish heritage language classroom. The data were collected through an online questionnaire administered to 460 students in different Spanish courses and 9 instructors at a large university as well as focus groups. Based on…

  18. A "Tools for Teachers" Approach for Infusing Social Skills Instruction into Daily Teaching Activities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leffert, James S.; Brady, Mary E.; Siperstein, Gary N.

    2009-01-01

    Students participate in a "social community" of learners. For children with learning problems, mastering the skills needed to actively participate in this community can be a challenge. How can teachers find time to provide social skills instruction, given the pressures to teach academic subjects first and foremost? This article shows school…

  19. A Comparison of Two Methods of Direct Instruction of Preservice Teachers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Klesius, Janell P.; And Others

    1990-01-01

    Two methods of delivering direct instruction to preservice teachers were compared. Students (n=37) in a reading course learned the Directed Reading Activity (DRA) via lecture and discussion; 37 others learned with videotape and related practice. The latter group retained and used DRA knowledge better over a longer period. (Author/SM)

  20. Working within the System: Teachers of English Learners Negotiating a Literacy Instruction Mandate

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pease-Alvarez, Lucinda; Samway, Katharine Davies; Cifka-Herrera, Carrie

    2010-01-01

    In an effort to reverse the reading crisis purported to plague public education, schools and districts are mandating prescriptive reading programs and teacher-centered instructional practices in hopes of improving the academic achievement of minority students, including English learners (ELs). The wide-spread implementation of these programs in…

  1. Preparation for Practice: Elementary Preservice Teachers Learning and Using Scientific Classroom Discourse Community Instructional Strategies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lewis, Elizabeth; Dema, Oxana; Harshbarger, Dena

    2014-01-01

    Despite historical national efforts to improve elementary science education, science instruction continues to be marginalized, varying by state. This study was designed to address the ongoing challenge of educating elementary preservice teachers (PSTs) to teach science. Elementary PSTs are one of the science education community's major links…

  2. What Instructional Coaches Need from Principals to Impact Teacher Effectiveness: Developing a Grounded Theory

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lauer, Diane L.

    2013-01-01

    Principals that work with instructional coaches need to understand the conditions necessary to maximize their impact on teacher effectiveness. With any school improvement initiative, the positive presence and explicit support provided by the principal is critical to its overall success (Leithwood & Riehl, 2003; Leithwood et al, 2008; Waters,…

  3. Agricultural Pesticides. An Instructional Unit for Teachers of Adult Vocational Education in Agriculture.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harrison, Kenneth M.; Iverson, Maynard J.

    The proper use of agricultural pesticides is the major emphasis on the unit of instruction developed as a guide for use by teachers in planning and conducting young farmer and adult farmer classes. Seven lessons are included in the unit covering topical areas related to the utilization of pesticides, herbicides, insecticides, fungicides, and the…

  4. Middle School Special Education Teachers' Perceptions and Use of Assistive Technology in Literacy Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Flanagan, Sara; Bouck, Emily C.; Richardson, Jennifer

    2013-01-01

    In this research the authors examined middle school special education teachers' perceptions of assistive technology during literacy instruction with students with high incidence disabilities. A survey explored the use, effectiveness, and factors impacting use or effectiveness of assistive technology for literacy teaching and learning. Results…

  5. Exploring K-3 Teachers' Implementation of Comprehension Strategy Instruction (CSI) Using Expectancy-Value Theory

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Foley, Laura S.

    2011-01-01

    This research investigated factors that influence the implementation levels of evidence-based comprehension strategy instruction (CSI) among K-3 teachers. An explanatory design was chosen to gather and probe the data. Quantitative data were gathered via a mailed survey distributed through a representative sample of the 40 school districts (through…

  6. The Child, the Text and the Teacher: Reading Primers and Reading Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Patterson, Annette Joyce; Cormack, Phillip Anton; Green, William Charles

    2012-01-01

    From the late sixteenth century, in response to the problem of how best to teach children to read, a variety of texts, such as primers, spellers and readers were produced in England for vernacular instruction. This paper describes how these materials were used by teachers to develop, first, a specific religious understanding according to the…

  7. Elementary Teachers' Science Knowledge and Instructional Practices: Impact of an Intervention Focused on English Language Learners

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, Okhee; Llosa, Lorena; Jiang, Feng; Haas, Alison; O'Connor, Corey; Van Booven, Christopher D.

    2016-01-01

    As part of a three-year curricular and professional development intervention focused on English language learners (ELLs), this study examined the intervention's effect on teachers' science knowledge and instructional practices after one year of implementation. The P-SELL (Promoting Science Among English Language Learners) intervention comprised…

  8. Teachers' and Students' Perception of Instructional Supervision on Capacity Building in Electrical Installation Trade

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eze, Ogwa Christopher

    2015-01-01

    This research was conducted to ascertain teachers' and students perception of instructional supervision in relation to capacity building in electrical installation trade in technical colleges. Three research questions and a null hypothesis were employed to guide the study. Descriptive survey was adopted. A 23-item questionnaire was used to elicit…

  9. First Year Preservice Teachers' Attitudes toward Computers from Computer Education and Instructional Technology Department

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yakin, Ilker, Sumuer, Evren

    2007-01-01

    The purpose of the study is to explore the attitudes of first year university students towards computers. The study focuses on preservice teachers (N=46) included 33 male and 12 female from Middle East Technical University, Computer Education and Instructional Technology (CEIT) department. The study is delimited to first grade preservice teachers…

  10. Examining the Relationship between Teachers' Instructional Practices and Students' Mathematics Achievement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Firmender, Janine M.; Gavin, M. Katherine; McCoach, D. Betsy

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine whether relationships existed between teachers' implementation of two specific discourse-related instructional practices and students' mathematics achievement in geometry and measurement as part of a research study on the effectiveness of an advanced mathematics curriculum for kindergarten and…

  11. Theory, Identity, and Practice: A Study of Two High School English Teachers' Literature Instruction. Report Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Agee, Jane

    This report focuses on two experienced high school English teachers and the factors that shaped their literature instruction, especially graduate work emphasizing theories and approaches described as "the new literacy" (Willinsky, 1990). Although other studies have focused on the impact of undergraduate and masters program on preservice…

  12. Forage Handling. An Instructional Unit for Teachers of Adult Vocational Education in Agriculture.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Greer, Jerry W.; Iverson, Maynard J.

    The unit of instruction is designed for use by teachers in planning and conducting young farmer and adult farmer classes. The purpose of this course is to develop the effective ability of farmers to efficiently handle forages for economic livestock feed on Kentucky farms. The unit is divided into five lessons. The lessons deal with the following…

  13. A Plan to Help Teachers and School Supervisors Implement Seven Tips to Improve Instructional Skills

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jacobs, Walter R., Jr.; Weis, June Pullen; Norman, Moses C., Sr.

    2008-01-01

    This report provides a plan that teachers and school supervisors can use to implement seven tips for improving instructional skills. Designed to be referred to regularly, it includes three levels of implementation, as well as recommendations for utilizing technology to support each tip. The seven recommendations include: (1) Use technology to help…

  14. Parents and Teachers' Perceptions of Mother-Tongue Medium of Instruction Policy in Nigerian Primary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Iyamu, Ede O. S.; Ogiegbaen, Sam E. Aduwa

    2007-01-01

    Many inadequacies of Nigeria's schools derived from their religious and colonial past. One in particular is studied in this paper, namely opposition to the use of the mother tongue as the medium of instruction. Questionnaires on the subject were administered to samples of 1000 primary school teachers and 1500 parents of primary school children.…

  15. The View of Science and Technology Teachers about Computer Assisted Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Toman, Ufuk; Gurbuz, Fatih; Cimer, Sabiha Odabasi

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of the study is to present the views of the teachers of Primary Science and Technology course about computer assisted instruction. Qualitative research was used in the study. In qualitative researches, the sampling group is small in order to examine the sampling in-depth. Semi-structured interviews were used in the study as data…

  16. Relating Student Recall to Expert and Novice Teachers' Instructional Communication: An Investigation Using Receiver Selectivity Theory

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Webster, Collin A.

    2010-01-01

    Background: Research indicates expert and novice teachers communicate differently during instruction. However, these differences have yet to be investigated in relation to student learning. Receiver selectivity theory offers an interpretive framework for understanding how expert-novice communication differences might function to discriminate…

  17. Teachers' Pedagogical Content Knowledge and Students' Learning Outcomes in Ball Game Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Creasy, Julia A.; Whipp, Peter R.; Jackson, Ben

    2012-01-01

    Pedagogical content knowledge (PCK) has particular relevance for understanding the factors that contribute to high-quality teaching behaviors. This study sought to explore the relationship between teachers' PCK and students' opportunities related to learning outcomes in primary school physical education (PE), during ball game instruction. Data…

  18. The Evolution of Teachers' Instructional Beliefs and Practices in High-Access-to-Technology Classrooms.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dwyer, David C.; And Others

    Beginning in 1985, Apple Computer, Inc., and several school districts began a collaboration to examine the impact of computer saturation on instruction and learning in K-12 classrooms. The initial guiding question was simply put: What happens when teachers and students have constant access to technology? To provide "constant access,"…

  19. Impact of Peer Coaching on Self-Efficacy and Instructional Skills in TEFL Teacher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goker, Suleyman Davut

    2006-01-01

    The goal of the study was to test whether student teachers trained using a peer coaching training program after teaching practicum sessions in teaching of English as a foreign language would demonstrate greater improvement on measures of a number of identified instructional skills and self-efficacy than those just receiving traditional supervisor…

  20. English as a Medium of Instruction in the Gulf: When Students and Teachers Speak

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Belhiah, Hassan; Elhami, Maha

    2015-01-01

    This study explores the effectiveness of English as a medium of instruction (EMI) in the Arabian/Persian Gulf, with special focus on the situation in the United Arab Emirates. The study, undertaken at six universities located in major cities of Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Al Ain, Sharjah, Ajman, and Ras Al Khaimah, examines students' and teachers'…