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Sample records for address cost sharing

  1. 32 CFR 37.415 - Should I address cost sharing in the announcement or solicitation?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... solicitation: (a) That, to the maximum extent practicable, the non-Federal parties carrying out a research... types of cost sharing that are acceptable; (c) How any in-kind contributions will be valued,...

  2. 32 CFR 37.415 - Should I address cost sharing in the announcement or solicitation?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... SECRETARY OF DEFENSE DoD GRANT AND AGREEMENT REGULATIONS TECHNOLOGY INVESTMENT AGREEMENTS Competition Phase... project under a TIA are to provide at least half of the costs of the project (see § 37.215(b)). (b) The... approaches a proposer may offer to demonstrate its strong commitment to and self-interest in the...

  3. Addressing Global Data Sharing Challenges

    PubMed Central

    Alter, George C.

    2015-01-01

    This issue of the Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics highlights the ethical issues that arise when researchers conducting projects in low- and middle-income countries seek to share the data they produce. Although sharing data is considered a best practice, the barriers to doing so are considerable and there is a need for guidance and examples. To that end, the authors of this article reviewed the articles in this special issue to identify challenges common to the five countries and to offer some practical advice to assist researchers in navigating this “uncharted territory,” as some termed it. Concerns around informed consent, data management, data dissemination, and validation of research contributions were cited frequently as particularly challenging areas, so the authors focused on these four topics with the goal of providing specific resources to consult as well as examples of successful projects attempting to solve many of the problems raised. PMID:26297753

  4. Addressing Global Data Sharing Challenges.

    PubMed

    Alter, George C; Vardigan, Mary

    2015-07-01

    This issue of the Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics highlights the ethical issues that arise when researchers conducting projects in low- and middle-income countries seek to share the data they produce. Although sharing data is considered a best practice, the barriers to doing so are considerable and there is a need for guidance and examples. To that end, the authors of this article reviewed the articles in this special issue to identify challenges common to the five countries and to offer some practical advice to assist researchers in navigating this "uncharted territory," as some termed it. Concerns around informed consent, data management, data dissemination, and validation of research contributions were cited frequently as particularly challenging areas, so the authors focused on these four topics with the goal of providing specific resources to consult as well as examples of successful projects attempting to solve many of the problems raised. PMID:26297753

  5. Addressing Global Data Sharing Challenges.

    PubMed

    Alter, George C; Vardigan, Mary

    2015-07-01

    This issue of the Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics highlights the ethical issues that arise when researchers conducting projects in low- and middle-income countries seek to share the data they produce. Although sharing data is considered a best practice, the barriers to doing so are considerable and there is a need for guidance and examples. To that end, the authors of this article reviewed the articles in this special issue to identify challenges common to the five countries and to offer some practical advice to assist researchers in navigating this "uncharted territory," as some termed it. Concerns around informed consent, data management, data dissemination, and validation of research contributions were cited frequently as particularly challenging areas, so the authors focused on these four topics with the goal of providing specific resources to consult as well as examples of successful projects attempting to solve many of the problems raised.

  6. Shared address collectives using counter mechanisms

    SciTech Connect

    Blocksome, Michael; Dozsa, Gabor; Gooding, Thomas M; Heidelberger, Philip; Kumar, Sameer; Mamidala, Amith R; Miller, Douglas

    2014-02-18

    A shared address space on a compute node stores data received from a network and data to transmit to the network. The shared address space includes an application buffer that can be directly operated upon by a plurality of processes, for instance, running on different cores on the compute node. A shared counter is used for one or more of signaling arrival of the data across the plurality of processes running on the compute node, signaling completion of an operation performed by one or more of the plurality of processes, obtaining reservation slots by one or more of the plurality of processes, or combinations thereof.

  7. 44 CFR 204.61 - Cost share.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... SECURITY DISASTER ASSISTANCE FIRE MANAGEMENT ASSISTANCE GRANT PROGRAM Grant Administration § 204.61 Cost share. (a) All fire management assistance grants are subject to a cost share. The Federal cost share for... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Cost share. 204.61...

  8. 50 CFR 85.40 - Cost sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Use/Acceptance of Funds § 85.40 Cost sharing. (a) The Federal share shall not exceed 75% of total costs approved in the grant agreement. (b) The provisions of 43 CFR 12.64 apply to cost sharing or... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Cost sharing. 85.40 Section 85.40...

  9. 44 CFR 206.65 - Cost sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... SECURITY DISASTER ASSISTANCE FEDERAL DISASTER ASSISTANCE Emergency Assistance § 206.65 Cost sharing. The... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Cost sharing. 206.65 Section... costs....

  10. 38 CFR 17.274 - Cost sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Cost sharing. 17.274 Section 17.274 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS MEDICAL Civilian... the beneficiary cost share. (b) In addition to the beneficiary cost share, an annual (calendar...

  11. 42 CFR 438.108 - Cost sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Cost sharing. 438.108 Section 438.108 Public Health... ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS MANAGED CARE Enrollee Rights and Protections § 438.108 Cost sharing. The contract must provide that any cost sharing imposed on Medicaid enrollees is in accordance with §§ 447.50 through...

  12. 10 CFR 602.12 - Cost sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Cost sharing. 602.12 Section 602.12 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (CONTINUED) ASSISTANCE REGULATIONS EPIDEMIOLOGY AND OTHER HEALTH STUDIES FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAM § 602.12 Cost sharing. Cost sharing is not required, nor will it be considered, as a criterion...

  13. Cost-sharing: a blunt instrument.

    PubMed

    Remler, Dahlia K; Greene, Jessica

    2009-01-01

    Cost-sharing is a health care cost-containment technique in which health care services are partially paid for by patients out of pocket. Cost-sharing can reduce non-cost-effective care, but it can also undermine the financial protection and access values of health insurance. We review the empirical evidence published since the mid-1980s about cost-sharing's effect on utilization, expenditures, health, and adverse consequences, including how the effects vary by form of care, by health status, and by sociodemographic characteristics. Some cost-sharing, such as emergency department copayments, reduces utilization without any harmful effects, whereas other cost-sharing reduces valuable care such as maintenance drug use among the chronically ill. Cost-sharing should be used judiciously, with attention taken not to reduce highly cost-effective care.

  14. Cost-sharing: a blunt instrument.

    PubMed

    Remler, Dahlia K; Greene, Jessica

    2009-01-01

    Cost-sharing is a health care cost-containment technique in which health care services are partially paid for by patients out of pocket. Cost-sharing can reduce non-cost-effective care, but it can also undermine the financial protection and access values of health insurance. We review the empirical evidence published since the mid-1980s about cost-sharing's effect on utilization, expenditures, health, and adverse consequences, including how the effects vary by form of care, by health status, and by sociodemographic characteristics. Some cost-sharing, such as emergency department copayments, reduces utilization without any harmful effects, whereas other cost-sharing reduces valuable care such as maintenance drug use among the chronically ill. Cost-sharing should be used judiciously, with attention taken not to reduce highly cost-effective care. PMID:18976141

  15. 7 CFR 634.24 - Cost sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... AGRICULTURE LONG TERM CONTRACTING RURAL CLEAN WATER PROGRAM Participant RCWP Contracts § 634.24 Cost sharing... participant's water rights, cannot be considered a part of the participant's share of the cost. (b) The... offsite water quality, and (2) The matching share requirements would place a burden on the landowner...

  16. 7 CFR 634.24 - Cost sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... AGRICULTURE LONG TERM CONTRACTING RURAL CLEAN WATER PROGRAM Participant RCWP Contracts § 634.24 Cost sharing... participant's water rights, cannot be considered a part of the participant's share of the cost. (b) The... offsite water quality, and (2) The matching share requirements would place a burden on the landowner...

  17. 14 CFR 1260.54 - Cost sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... Special Conditions § 1260.54 Cost sharing. Cost Sharing October 2000 (a) NASA and the Recipient will share in providing the resources necessary to perform the agreement. NASA funding and non-cash...-cash contribution will be on a___ percent NASA; ___ percent Recipient basis. (b) The funding and...

  18. 7 CFR 634.24 - Cost sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... participant's water rights, cannot be considered a part of the participant's share of the cost. (b) The... AGRICULTURE LONG TERM CONTRACTING RURAL CLEAN WATER PROGRAM Participant RCWP Contracts § 634.24 Cost sharing... offsite water quality, and (2) The matching share requirements would place a burden on the landowner...

  19. 7 CFR 634.24 - Cost sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... participant's water rights, cannot be considered a part of the participant's share of the cost. (b) The... AGRICULTURE LONG TERM CONTRACTING RURAL CLEAN WATER PROGRAM Participant RCWP Contracts § 634.24 Cost sharing... offsite water quality, and (2) The matching share requirements would place a burden on the landowner...

  20. 14 CFR 1260.54 - Cost sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Special Conditions § 1260.54 Cost sharing. Cost Sharing October 2000 (a) NASA and the Recipient will share in providing the resources necessary to perform the agreement. NASA funding and non-cash...-cash contribution will be on a___ percent NASA; ___ percent Recipient basis. (b) The funding and...

  1. 14 CFR 1260.54 - Cost sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Special Conditions § 1260.54 Cost sharing. Cost Sharing October 2000 (a) NASA and the Recipient will share in providing the resources necessary to perform the agreement. NASA funding and non-cash...-cash contribution will be on a___ percent NASA; ___ percent Recipient basis. (b) The funding and...

  2. 14 CFR 1260.54 - Cost sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... Special Conditions § 1260.54 Cost sharing. Cost Sharing October 2000 (a) NASA and the Recipient will share in providing the resources necessary to perform the agreement. NASA funding and non-cash...-cash contribution will be on a___ percent NASA; ___ percent Recipient basis. (b) The funding and...

  3. 40 CFR 35.6235 - Cost sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... ASSISTANCE Cooperative Agreements and Superfund State Contracts for Superfund Response Actions Core Program... indirect costs of all activities covered by the Core Program Cooperative Agreement. Indian Tribes are not required to share in the cost of Core Program activities. The State must provide its cost share with...

  4. 10 CFR 603.1245 - Cost sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Cost sharing. 603.1245 Section 603.1245 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (CONTINUED) ASSISTANCE REGULATIONS TECHNOLOGY INVESTMENT AGREEMENTS Definitions of Terms Used in this Part § 603.1245 Cost sharing. A portion of project costs from non-Federal sources that...

  5. 50 CFR 80.12 - Cost sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Cost sharing. 80.12 Section 80.12 Wildlife... WILDLIFE RESTORATION AND DINGELL-JOHNSON SPORT FISH RESTORATION ACTS § 80.12 Cost sharing. Federal participation is limited to 75 percent of eligible costs incurred in the completion of approved work or...

  6. 45 CFR 63.22 - Cost sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Cost sharing. 63.22 Section 63.22 Public Welfare... THE ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR PLANNING AND EVALUATION Financial Provisions § 63.22 Cost sharing. Policy... amount equal to as much as the entire cost of the project....

  7. 32 CFR 37.1265 - Cost sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... TECHNOLOGY INVESTMENT AGREEMENTS Definitions of Terms Used in This Part § 37.1265 Cost sharing. A portion of project costs that are borne by the recipient or non-Federal third parties on behalf of the...

  8. 32 CFR 37.1265 - Cost sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... TECHNOLOGY INVESTMENT AGREEMENTS Definitions of Terms Used in This Part § 37.1265 Cost sharing. A portion of project costs that are borne by the recipient or non-Federal third parties on behalf of the...

  9. 45 CFR 63.22 - Cost sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Cost sharing. 63.22 Section 63.22 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION GRANT PROGRAMS ADMINISTERED BY THE OFFICE OF THE ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR PLANNING AND EVALUATION Financial Provisions § 63.22 Cost sharing....

  10. 44 CFR 206.65 - Cost sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Cost sharing. 206.65 Section 206.65 Emergency Management and Assistance FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY DISASTER ASSISTANCE FEDERAL DISASTER ASSISTANCE Emergency Assistance § 206.65 Cost sharing....

  11. 10 CFR 603.415 - Cost sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Cost sharing. 603.415 Section 603.415 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (CONTINUED) ASSISTANCE REGULATIONS TECHNOLOGY INVESTMENT AGREEMENTS Competition Phase § 603.415 Cost sharing. To help ensure a competitive process that is fair and equitable to all...

  12. 10 CFR 603.415 - Cost sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Cost sharing. 603.415 Section 603.415 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (CONTINUED) ASSISTANCE REGULATIONS TECHNOLOGY INVESTMENT AGREEMENTS Competition Phase § 603.415 Cost sharing. To help ensure a competitive process that is fair and equitable to all...

  13. 10 CFR 603.415 - Cost sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Cost sharing. 603.415 Section 603.415 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (CONTINUED) ASSISTANCE REGULATIONS TECHNOLOGY INVESTMENT AGREEMENTS Competition Phase § 603.415 Cost sharing. To help ensure a competitive process that is fair and equitable to all...

  14. 10 CFR 603.415 - Cost sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Cost sharing. 603.415 Section 603.415 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (CONTINUED) ASSISTANCE REGULATIONS TECHNOLOGY INVESTMENT AGREEMENTS Competition Phase § 603.415 Cost sharing. To help ensure a competitive process that is fair and equitable to all...

  15. 42 CFR 438.108 - Cost sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Cost sharing. 438.108 Section 438.108 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS MANAGED CARE Enrollee Rights and Protections § 438.108 Cost sharing. The contract...

  16. 42 CFR 438.108 - Cost sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Cost sharing. 438.108 Section 438.108 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS MANAGED CARE Enrollee Rights and Protections § 438.108 Cost sharing. The contract...

  17. 42 CFR 438.108 - Cost sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Cost sharing. 438.108 Section 438.108 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS MANAGED CARE Enrollee Rights and Protections § 438.108 Cost sharing. The contract...

  18. 10 CFR 600.30 - Cost sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... nature has been excluded by an appropriate officer of the Department, generally an Under Secretary; or (2... requirement for a research and development activity of an applied nature. (c) A cost share of at least 50... with the applicable cost principles: (i) Cash; (ii) Personnel costs; (iii) The value of a...

  19. Shared resources, shared costs--leveraging biocuration resources.

    PubMed

    Orchard, Sandra; Hermjakob, Henning

    2015-01-01

    The manual curation of the information in biomedical resources is an expensive task. This article argues the value of this approach in comparison with other apparently less costly options, such as automated annotation or text-mining, then discusses ways in which databases can make cost savings by sharing infrastructure and tool development. Sharing curation effort is a model already being adopted by several data resources. Approaches taken by two of these, the Gene Ontology annotation effort and the IntAct molecular interaction database, are reviewed in more detail. These models help to ensure long-term persistence of curated data and minimizes redundant development of resources by multiple disparate groups.

  20. An Update on Physician Practice Cost Shares

    PubMed Central

    Dayhoff, Debra A.; Cromwell, Jerry; Rosenbach, Margo L.

    1993-01-01

    The 1988 physicians' practice costs and income survey (PPCIS) collected detailed costs, revenues, and incomes data for a sample of 3,086 physicians. These data are utilized to update the Health Care Financing Administration (HCFA) cost shares used in calculating the medicare economic index (MEI) and the geographic practice cost index (GPCI). Cost shares were calculated for the national sample, for 16 specialty groupings, for urban and rural areas, and for 9 census divisions. Although statistical tests reveal that cost shares differ across specialties and geographic areas, sensitivity analysis shows that these differences are small enough to have trivial effects in computing the MEI and GPCI. These results may inform policymakers on one aspect of the larger issue of whether physician payments should vary by geographic location or specialty. PMID:10130573

  1. 7 CFR 634.24 - Cost sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... shared must have a positive effect on water quality by reducing the amount of agricultural nonpoint... offsite water quality, and (2) The matching share requirements would place a burden on the landowner or... AGRICULTURE LONG TERM CONTRACTING RURAL CLEAN WATER PROGRAM Participant RCWP Contracts § 634.24 Cost...

  2. Addressing Challenges to the Shared Use of School Recreational Facilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spengler, John O.; Connaughton, Daniel P.; Carroll, Michael S.

    2011-01-01

    The shared use of school recreational facilities holds the potential to offer activity opportunities for many people, especially those in low-income, minority, and under-resourced communities. School facilities are usually easily accessible and offer safe, free or low cost, and convenient recreation and sport opportunities. However, a number of…

  3. Medicaid program; premiums and cost sharing. Final rule.

    PubMed

    2008-11-25

    This final rule implements and interprets the provisions of sections 6041, 6042, and 6043 of the Deficit Reduction Act of 2005 (DRA), and section 405(a)(1) of the Tax Relief and Health Care Act of 2006 (TRHCA). The DRA was amended by the TRHCA which revised sections 6041, 6042, and 6043 of the DRA including limitations on cost sharing for individuals with family incomes at or below 100 percent of the federal poverty line. These sections amended the Social Security Act (the Act) by adding a new section 1916A to provide State Medicaid agencies with increased flexibility to impose premium and cost sharing requirements on certain Medicaid recipients. This flexibility supplements the existing authority States have to impose premiums and cost sharing under section 1916 of the Act. The DRA provisions also specifically address cost sharing for non-preferred drugs and non-emergency care furnished in a hospital emergency department.

  4. Strategies to address transition costs in the electricity industry

    SciTech Connect

    Baxter, L.; Hadley, S.; Hirst, E.

    1996-07-01

    Transition costs are the potential monetary losses that electric- utility shareholders, ratepayers, or other parties might experience because of structural changes in the electricity industry. Regulators, policy analysts, utilities, and consumer groups have proposed a number of strategies to address transition costs, such as immediately opening retail electricity markets or delaying retail competition. This report has 3 objectives: identify a wide range of strategies available to regulators and utilities; systematically examine effects of strategies; and identify potentially promising strategies that may provide benefits to more than one set of stakeholders. The many individual strategies are grouped into 6 major categories: market actions, depreciation options, rate-making actions, utility cost reductions, tax measures, and other options. Of the 34 individual strategies, retail ratepayers have primary or secondary responsibility for paying transition costs in 19 of the strategies, shareholders in 12, wheeling customers in 11, taxpayers in 8, and nonutility suppliers in 4. Most of the strategies shift costs among different segments of the economy, although utility cost reductions can be used to offset transition costs. Most of the strategies require cooperation of other parties, including regulators, to be implemented successfully; financial stakeholders must be engages in negotiations that hold the promise of shared benefits. Only by rejecting ``winner-take-all`` strategies will the transition-cost issue be expeditiously resolved.

  5. Discontinuation of cost sharing in Uganda.

    PubMed Central

    Burnham, Gilbert M.; Pariyo, George; Galiwango, Edward; Wabwire-Mangen, Fred

    2004-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of ending cost sharing on use of outpatient services and how this was perceived by health workers and members of a health unit management committee. METHODS: From 10 districts across Uganda, 78 health facilities were selected. Attendance at these facilities was assessed for eight months before and 12 months after cost sharing ended. The data represented 1 966 522 outpatient visits. Perceptions about the impact of ending cost sharing were obtained from the 73 health workers and 78 members of the health unit management committee who were available. FINDINGS: With the end of cost sharing, the mean monthly number of new visits increased by 17 928 (53.3%), but among children aged <5 years the increase was 3611 (27.3%). Mean monthly reattendances increased by 2838 (81.3%) among children aged <5 years and 1889 (24.3%) among all people. Attendances for immunizations, antenatal clinics, and family planning all increased, despite these services having always been free. Health workers reported a decline in morale, and many health unit management committees no longer met regularly. CONCLUSION: Use of all services increased - even those that had never before been subject to fees. The loss of some autonomy by the health facility and diminished community governance of health facilities may have long term negative effects. PMID:15112007

  6. 34 CFR 74.23 - Cost sharing or matching.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Financial and Program Management § 74.23 Cost sharing or matching. (a) All contributions, including cash and... classroom supplies. Value assessed to donated supplies included in the cost sharing or matching share...

  7. 42 CFR 447.53 - Cost sharing for drugs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Cost sharing for drugs. 447.53 Section 447.53... and Cost Sharing § 447.53 Cost sharing for drugs. (a) The agency may establish differential cost sharing for preferred and non-preferred drugs. The provisions in § 447.56(a) shall apply except as...

  8. 7 CFR 634.27 - Cost-share payment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... AGRICULTURE LONG TERM CONTRACTING RURAL CLEAN WATER PROGRAM Participant RCWP Contracts § 634.27 Cost-share... essential for meeting the water quality objectives in the project area. (c) Basis for cost-share payment....

  9. 7 CFR 634.27 - Cost-share payment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... AGRICULTURE LONG TERM CONTRACTING RURAL CLEAN WATER PROGRAM Participant RCWP Contracts § 634.27 Cost-share... essential for meeting the water quality objectives in the project area. (c) Basis for cost-share payment....

  10. 7 CFR 634.27 - Cost-share payment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... AGRICULTURE LONG TERM CONTRACTING RURAL CLEAN WATER PROGRAM Participant RCWP Contracts § 634.27 Cost-share... essential for meeting the water quality objectives in the project area. (c) Basis for cost-share payment....

  11. 7 CFR 634.27 - Cost-share payment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... AGRICULTURE LONG TERM CONTRACTING RURAL CLEAN WATER PROGRAM Participant RCWP Contracts § 634.27 Cost-share... essential for meeting the water quality objectives in the project area. (c) Basis for cost-share payment....

  12. 45 CFR 2543.23 - Cost sharing or matching.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... ORGANIZATIONS Post-Award Requirements Financial and Program Management § 2543.23 Cost sharing or matching. (a... workshop and classroom supplies. Value assessed to donated supplies included in the cost sharing...

  13. 7 CFR 3019.23 - Cost sharing or matching.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... Program Management § 3019.23 Cost sharing or matching. (a) All contributions, including cash and third... workshop and classroom supplies. Value assessed to donated supplies included in the cost sharing...

  14. Cost Sharing, Health Care Expenditures, and Utilization: An International Comparison.

    PubMed

    Perkowski, Patryk; Rodberg, Leonard

    2016-01-01

    Health systems implement cost sharing to help reduce health care expenditure and utilization by discouraging the use of unnecessary health care services. We examine cost sharing in 28 countries in the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development from 1999 through 2009 in the areas of medical care, hospital care, and pharmaceuticals. We investigate associations between cost sharing, health care expenditures, and health care utilization and find no significant association between cost sharing and health care expenditures or utilization in these countries.

  15. 45 CFR 152.21 - Premiums and cost-sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... and cost-sharing by other insurers offering health insurance coverage to individuals in the applicable...-EXISTING CONDITION INSURANCE PLAN PROGRAM Benefits § 152.21 Premiums and cost-sharing. (a) Limitation on... 45 Public Welfare 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Premiums and cost-sharing. 152.21 Section...

  16. 45 CFR 152.21 - Premiums and cost-sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... and cost-sharing by other insurers offering health insurance coverage to individuals in the applicable...-EXISTING CONDITION INSURANCE PLAN PROGRAM Benefits § 152.21 Premiums and cost-sharing. (a) Limitation on... 45 Public Welfare 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Premiums and cost-sharing. 152.21 Section...

  17. 41 CFR 105-72.303 - Cost sharing or matching.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Cost sharing or matching... Management § 105-72.303 Cost sharing or matching. (a) All contributions, including cash and third party in-kind, shall be accepted as part of the recipient's cost sharing or matching when such...

  18. 29 CFR 95.23 - Cost sharing or matching.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Cost sharing or matching. 95.23 Section 95.23 Labor Office... Financial and Program Management § 95.23 Cost sharing or matching. (a) All contributions, including cash and third party in-kind, shall be accepted as part of the recipient's cost sharing or matching when...

  19. 2 CFR 215.23 - Cost sharing or matching.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 2 Grants and Agreements 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Cost sharing or matching. 215.23 Section 215... § 215.23 Cost sharing or matching. (a) All contributions, including cash and third party in-kind, shall be accepted as part of the recipient's cost sharing or matching when such contributions meet all...

  20. 7 CFR 3019.23 - Cost sharing or matching.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Cost sharing or matching. 3019.23 Section 3019.23... Program Management § 3019.23 Cost sharing or matching. (a) All contributions, including cash and third party in-kind, shall be accepted as part of the recipient's cost sharing or matching when...

  1. 49 CFR 19.23 - Cost sharing or matching.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Cost sharing or matching. 19.23 Section 19.23... Requirements § 19.23 Cost sharing or matching. (a) All contributions, including cash and third party in-kind, shall be accepted as part of the recipient's cost sharing or matching when such contributions meet...

  2. 10 CFR 600.123 - Cost sharing or matching.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Cost sharing or matching. 600.123 Section 600.123 Energy... Nonprofit Organizations Post-Award Requirements § 600.123 Cost sharing or matching. (a) All cost sharing or matching contributions, including cash and third party in-kind, shall meet all of the following...

  3. 7 CFR 634.27 - Cost-share payment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 6 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Cost-share payment. 634.27 Section 634.27 Agriculture... AGRICULTURE LONG TERM CONTRACTING RURAL CLEAN WATER PROGRAM Participant RCWP Contracts § 634.27 Cost-share... install BMPs. Federal Cost-share payments are to be made by the administering agency upon certification...

  4. 48 CFR 335.070-3 - Method of cost sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Method of cost sharing. 335.070-3 Section 335.070-3 Federal Acquisition Regulations System HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES SPECIAL CATEGORIES OF CONTRACTING RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CONTRACTING 335.070-3 Method of cost sharing. Cost-sharing on individual contracts may...

  5. 48 CFR 1552.216-76 - Estimated cost and cost-sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 true Estimated cost and cost... 1552.216-76 Estimated cost and cost-sharing. As prescribed in 1516.307(c), insert the following clause: Estimated Cost and Cost-Sharing (APR 1996) (a) The total estimated cost of performing the work under...

  6. 48 CFR 1852.216-73 - Estimated cost and cost sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 true Estimated cost and cost... and Clauses 1852.216-73 Estimated cost and cost sharing. As prescribed in 1816.307-70(a), insert the following clause: Estimated Cost and Cost Sharing (DEC 1991) (a) It is estimated that the total cost...

  7. 14 CFR § 1260.54 - Cost sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... Special Conditions § 1260.54 Cost sharing. Cost Sharing October 2000 (a) NASA and the Recipient will share in providing the resources necessary to perform the agreement. NASA funding and non-cash...-cash contribution will be on a___ percent NASA; ___ percent Recipient basis. (b) The funding and...

  8. 7 CFR 636.7 - Cost-share payments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...) Eligibility for payment in accordance with 7 CFR part 1400, subpart G, average AGI limitation, will be... AGRICULTURE LONG TERM CONTRACTING WILDLIFE HABITAT INCENTIVE PROGRAM § 636.7 Cost-share payments. (a) NRCS may... costs to develop fish and wildlife habitat. The cost-share payment to a participant will be...

  9. 7 CFR 636.7 - Cost-share payments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...) Eligibility for payment in accordance with 7 CFR part 1400, subpart G, average AGI limitation, will be... AGRICULTURE LONG TERM CONTRACTING WILDLIFE HABITAT INCENTIVE PROGRAM § 636.7 Cost-share payments. (a) NRCS may... costs to develop fish and wildlife habitat. The cost-share payment to a participant will be...

  10. 7 CFR 636.7 - Cost-share payments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...) Eligibility for payment in accordance with 7 CFR part 1400, subpart G, average AGI limitation, will be... AGRICULTURE LONG TERM CONTRACTING WILDLIFE HABITAT INCENTIVE PROGRAM § 636.7 Cost-share payments. (a) NRCS may... costs to develop fish and wildlife habitat. The cost-share payment to a participant will be...

  11. 7 CFR 636.7 - Cost-share payments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...) Eligibility for payment in accordance with 7 CFR part 1400, subpart G, average AGI limitation, will be... AGRICULTURE LONG TERM CONTRACTING WILDLIFE HABITAT INCENTIVE PROGRAM § 636.7 Cost-share payments. (a) NRCS may... costs to develop fish and wildlife habitat. The cost-share payment to a participant will be...

  12. 43 CFR 12.923 - Cost sharing or matching.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Cost sharing or matching. 12.923 Section... REQUIREMENTS AND COST PRINCIPLES FOR ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS Uniform Administrative Requirements for Grants and... Requirements § 12.923 Cost sharing or matching. (a) All contributions, including cash and third party...

  13. Addressing Equity within Science Education Courses: Sharing Approaches and Ideas.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wieseman, Katherine C.; Bryan, Lynn; Hammrich, Penny; Lynch, Sharon; McGinnis, Randy; Pyle, Eric

    A discussion session provided opportunities for individuals involved in science teacher education to exchange approaches and ideas on how equity issues in science teaching and learning are being addressed in science teacher education courses. Evaluative questions included: (1) What conceptions of equity in science education underpin individual…

  14. Lowering medical costs through the sharing of savings by physicians and patients: inclusive shared savings.

    PubMed

    Schmidt, Harald; Emanuel, Ezekiel J

    2014-12-01

    Current approaches to controlling health care costs have strengths and weaknesses. We propose an alternative, "inclusive shared savings," that aims to lower medical costs through savings that are shared by physicians and patients. Inclusive shared savings may be particularly attractive in situations in which treatments, such as those for gastric cancer, are similar in clinical effectiveness and have modest differences in convenience but substantially differ in cost. Inclusive shared savings incorporates features of typical insurance coverage, shared savings, and value-based insurance design but differs from value-based insurance design, which merely seeks to decrease or eliminate out-of-pocket costs. Inclusive shared savings offers financial incentives to physicians and patients to promote the use of lower-cost, but equally effective, interventions and should be evaluated in a rigorous trial or demonstration project.

  15. 42 CFR 600.520 - General cost-sharing protections.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... health plans meet the standards in accordance with 45 CFR 156.420(b)(1) and (d). (c) Cost-sharing standards. A State must ensure that standard health plans meet: (1) The standards in accordance with 45 CFR 156.420(c) and (e); and (2) The cost-sharing reduction standards in accordance with 45 CFR...

  16. 41 CFR 105-72.303 - Cost sharing or matching.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Cost sharing or matching. 105-72.303 Section 105-72.303 Public Contracts and Property Management Federal Property Management... Management § 105-72.303 Cost sharing or matching. (a) All contributions, including cash and third party...

  17. 7 CFR 624.7 - Cost-sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 6 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Cost-sharing. 624.7 Section 624.7 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE WATER RESOURCES EMERGENCY WATERSHED PROTECTION § 624.7 Cost-sharing. (a) Except as provided...

  18. 7 CFR 624.7 - Cost-sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 6 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Cost-sharing. 624.7 Section 624.7 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE WATER RESOURCES EMERGENCY WATERSHED PROTECTION § 624.7 Cost-sharing. (a) Except as provided...

  19. 7 CFR 624.7 - Cost-sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Cost-sharing. 624.7 Section 624.7 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE WATER RESOURCES EMERGENCY WATERSHED PROTECTION § 624.7 Cost-sharing. (a) Except as provided...

  20. 7 CFR 624.7 - Cost-sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 6 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Cost-sharing. 624.7 Section 624.7 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE WATER RESOURCES EMERGENCY WATERSHED PROTECTION § 624.7 Cost-sharing. (a) Except as provided...

  1. 7 CFR 624.7 - Cost-sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 6 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Cost-sharing. 624.7 Section 624.7 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE WATER RESOURCES EMERGENCY WATERSHED PROTECTION § 624.7 Cost-sharing. (a) Except as provided...

  2. 7 CFR 636.7 - Cost-share payments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... for payment in accordance with 7 CFR part 1400, subpart G, average adjusted gross income limitation... AGRICULTURE LONG TERM CONTRACTING WILDLIFE HABITAT INCENTIVES PROGRAM § 636.7 Cost-share payments. (a) NRCS... establishing conservation practices to develop fish and wildlife habitat. The cost-share payment to...

  3. 40 CFR 30.23 - Cost sharing or matching.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ..., HOSPITALS, AND OTHER NON-PROFIT ORGANIZATIONS Post-Award Requirements Financial and Program Management § 30... accordance with the applicable cost principles. If, after consultation with Agency property management... classroom supplies. Value assessed to donated supplies included in the cost sharing or matching share...

  4. 10 CFR 600.313 - Cost sharing or matching.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Cost sharing or matching. 600.313 Section 600.313 Energy....313 Cost sharing or matching. (a) Acceptable contributions. All contributions, including cash... matching if such contributions meet all of the following criteria: (1) They are verifiable from...

  5. 22 CFR 518.23 - Cost sharing or matching.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Cost sharing or matching. 518.23 Section 518.23... Requirements Financial and Program Management § 518.23 Cost sharing or matching. (a) All contributions... matching when such contributions meet all of the following criteria. (1) Are verifiable from the...

  6. 7 CFR 631.12 - Cost-share payments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 6 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Cost-share payments. 631.12 Section 631.12 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LONG TERM CONTRACTING GREAT PLAINS CONSERVATION PROGRAM Contracts § 631.12 Cost-share payments....

  7. 7 CFR 631.12 - Cost-share payments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 6 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Cost-share payments. 631.12 Section 631.12 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LONG TERM CONTRACTING GREAT PLAINS CONSERVATION PROGRAM Contracts § 631.12 Cost-share payments....

  8. 7 CFR 631.12 - Cost-share payments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Cost-share payments. 631.12 Section 631.12 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LONG TERM CONTRACTING GREAT PLAINS CONSERVATION PROGRAM Contracts § 631.12 Cost-share payments....

  9. 7 CFR 631.12 - Cost-share payments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 6 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Cost-share payments. 631.12 Section 631.12 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LONG TERM CONTRACTING GREAT PLAINS CONSERVATION PROGRAM Contracts § 631.12 Cost-share payments....

  10. 48 CFR 335.070 - Cost-sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Cost-sharing. 335.070 Section 335.070 Federal Acquisition Regulations System HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES SPECIAL CATEGORIES OF CONTRACTING RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CONTRACTING 335.070 Cost-sharing....

  11. Cost Sharing and Effort Reporting: Breaking the Juggernaut.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kamerer, Jack; Wasserman, Sarah

    2000-01-01

    Discussion of cost sharing in the government-university relationship focuses on the controversial idea that adding a "factor" for voluntary cost sharing in the rate base for facilities and administration and rationalizing the assignment of space to functions could simplify rate negotiation, decrease record-keeping burdens, and avoid costly…

  12. 20 CFR 435.23 - Cost sharing or matching.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Cost sharing or matching. 435.23 Section 435.23 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION UNIFORM ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS FOR GRANTS... COMMERCIAL ORGANIZATIONS Post-Award Requirements Financial and Program Management § 435.23 Cost sharing...

  13. 10 CFR 600.30 - Cost sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... requirement does not apply to: (1) An award under the small business innovation research program or the small... circular of the Office of Management and Budget; (iv) Indirect costs or facilities and administrative...

  14. Patient cost-sharing innovations: promises and pitfalls.

    PubMed

    Trude, Sally; Grossman, Joy M

    2004-01-01

    Over the next decade, health plans and employers will refine patient cost sharing to encourage workers to seek more cost-effective care, according to a panel of market and health policy experts at a Center for Studying Health System Change (HSC) conference. Instead of using a single, large deductible, employers and health plans will likely vary patient cost sharing by choice of provider, site and type of service, so patients choosing less effective care options pay more. Employers also will try to limit financial hardships for low-income workers by, for example, varying cost sharing based on workers' income. However, significant obstacles could hinder the effectiveness of emerging cost-sharing strategies, including inadequate information on quality of care and provider resistance. PMID:14976991

  15. 32 CFR 3.6 - Limitations on cost-sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... THAN CONTRACTS, GRANTS, OR COOPERATIVE AGREEMENTS FOR PROTOTYPE PROJECTS § 3.6 Limitations on cost... prototype project and cost-sharing is the reason for using OT authority, then the non-Federal amounts... the OT agreement becomes effective. Costs that were incurred for a prototype project by the...

  16. 32 CFR 3.6 - Limitations on cost-sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... THAN CONTRACTS, GRANTS, OR COOPERATIVE AGREEMENTS FOR PROTOTYPE PROJECTS § 3.6 Limitations on cost... prototype project and cost-sharing is the reason for using OT authority, then the non-Federal amounts... the OT agreement becomes effective. Costs that were incurred for a prototype project by the...

  17. 32 CFR 3.6 - Limitations on cost-sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... THAN CONTRACTS, GRANTS, OR COOPERATIVE AGREEMENTS FOR PROTOTYPE PROJECTS § 3.6 Limitations on cost... prototype project and cost-sharing is the reason for using OT authority, then the non-Federal amounts... the OT agreement becomes effective. Costs that were incurred for a prototype project by the...

  18. 32 CFR 3.6 - Limitations on cost-sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... THAN CONTRACTS, GRANTS, OR COOPERATIVE AGREEMENTS FOR PROTOTYPE PROJECTS § 3.6 Limitations on cost... prototype project and cost-sharing is the reason for using OT authority, then the non-Federal amounts... the OT agreement becomes effective. Costs that were incurred for a prototype project by the...

  19. 14 CFR 1273.24 - Matching or cost sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Matching or cost sharing. 1273.24 Section 1273.24 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION UNIFORM ADMINISTRATIVE... contract, or any other award of Federal funds. (4) Costs financed by program income. Costs financed...

  20. 14 CFR 1273.24 - Matching or cost sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Matching or cost sharing. 1273.24 Section 1273.24 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION UNIFORM ADMINISTRATIVE... contract, or any other award of Federal funds. (4) Costs financed by program income. Costs financed...

  1. 29 CFR 1470.24 - Matching or cost sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... contract, or any other award of Federal funds. (4) Costs financed by program income. Costs financed by program income, as defined in § 1470.25, shall not count towards satisfying a cost sharing or matching... program income is described in § 1470.25(g).) (5) Services or property financed by income earned...

  2. 20 CFR 437.24 - Matching or cost sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Matching or cost sharing. 437.24 Section 437.24 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION UNIFORM ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS FOR GRANTS... of Federal funds. (4) Costs financed by program income. Costs financed by program income, as...

  3. 29 CFR 1470.24 - Matching or cost sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... contract, or any other award of Federal funds. (4) Costs financed by program income. Costs financed by program income, as defined in § 1470.25, shall not count towards satisfying a cost sharing or matching... program income is described in § 1470.25(g).) (5) Services or property financed by income earned...

  4. 13 CFR 143.24 - Matching or cost sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...) The value of third party in-kind contributions applicable to the period to which the cost sharing or.... Neither costs nor the values of third party in-kind contributions may count towards satisfying a cost... program income is described in § 143.25(g).) (5) Services or property financed by income earned...

  5. 45 CFR 92.24 - Matching or cost sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...) The value of third party in-kind contributions applicable to the period to which the cost sharing or.... Neither costs nor the values of third party in-kind contributions may count towards satisfying a cost... program income is described in § 92.25(g).) (5) Services or property financed by income earned...

  6. How much more cost sharing will health savings accounts bring?

    PubMed

    Remler, Dahlia K; Glied, Sherry A

    2006-01-01

    Proponents of health savings accounts (HSAs) contend that they will reduce medical expenditures. In practice, however, the effect of HSAs, and the high-deductible health plans that must accompany them, will depend on the actual provisions of those plans and of the plans they replace. We show that typical plans in the market today already contain substantial cost sharing. We find that many HSA/high-deductible arrangements would actually reduce cost sharing for many groups. In particular, the group responsible for half of all medical spending would see no change or a decline in cost sharing at the margin and on average. PMID:16835188

  7. 15 CFR 14.23 - Cost sharing or matching.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... COMMERCIAL ORGANIZATIONS Post-Award Requirements Financial and Program Management § 14.23 Cost sharing or... include such items as expendable equipment, office supplies, laboratory supplies or workshop and...

  8. 36 CFR 1210.23 - Cost sharing or matching.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Program Management § 1210.23 Cost sharing or matching. (a) All contributions, including cash and third... supplies, laboratory supplies or workshop and classroom supplies. Value assessed to donated...

  9. 45 CFR 74.23 - Cost sharing or matching.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... ORGANIZATIONS, AND COMMERCIAL ORGANIZATIONS Post-Award Requirements Financial and Program Management § 74.23... workshop and classroom supplies. Value assessed to donated supplies included in the cost sharing...

  10. 15 CFR 14.23 - Cost sharing or matching.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... COMMERCIAL ORGANIZATIONS Post-Award Requirements Financial and Program Management § 14.23 Cost sharing or... include such items as expendable equipment, office supplies, laboratory supplies or workshop and...

  11. 22 CFR 145.23 - Cost sharing or matching.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... EDUCATION, HOSPITALS, AND OTHER NON-PROFIT ORGANIZATIONS Post-Award Requirements Financial and Program Management § 145.23 Cost sharing or matching. (a) All contributions, including cash and third party...

  12. 34 CFR 74.23 - Cost sharing or matching.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER EDUCATION, HOSPITALS, AND OTHER NON-PROFIT ORGANIZATIONS Post-Award Requirements Financial and Program Management § 74.23 Cost sharing or matching. (a) All contributions, including cash...

  13. 45 CFR 2543.23 - Cost sharing or matching.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... SERVICE GRANTS AND AGREEMENTS WITH INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER EDUCATION, HOSPITALS, AND OTHER NON-PROFIT ORGANIZATIONS Post-Award Requirements Financial and Program Management § 2543.23 Cost sharing or matching....

  14. 20 CFR 435.23 - Cost sharing or matching.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... AND AGREEMENTS WITH INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER EDUCATION, HOSPITALS, OTHER NON-PROFIT ORGANIZATIONS, AND COMMERCIAL ORGANIZATIONS Post-Award Requirements Financial and Program Management § 435.23 Cost sharing...

  15. 15 CFR 14.23 - Cost sharing or matching.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... REQUIREMENTS FOR GRANTS AND AGREEMENTS WITH INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER EDUCATION, HOSPITALS, OTHER NON-PROFIT, AND COMMERCIAL ORGANIZATIONS Post-Award Requirements Financial and Program Management § 14.23 Cost sharing...

  16. 34 CFR 675.45 - Allowable costs, Federal share, and institutional share.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Allowable costs, Federal share, and institutional share. 675.45 Section 675.45 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF POSTSECONDARY EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION FEDERAL WORK-STUDY PROGRAMS...

  17. Patient cost sharing and medical expenditures for the Elderly.

    PubMed

    Fukushima, Kazuya; Mizuoka, Sou; Yamamoto, Shunsuke; Iizuka, Toshiaki

    2016-01-01

    Despite the rapidly aging population, relatively little is known about how cost sharing affects the elderly's medical spending. Exploiting longitudinal claims data and the drastic reduction of coinsurance from 30% to 10% at age 70 in Japan, we find that the elderly's demand responses are heterogeneous in ways that have not been previously reported. Outpatient services by orthopedic and eye specialties, which will continue to increase in an aging society, are particularly price responsive and account for a large share of the spending increase. Lower cost sharing increases demand for brand-name drugs but not for generics. These high price elasticities may call for different cost-sharing rules for these services. Patient health status also matters: receiving medical services appears more discretionary for the healthy than the sick in the outpatient setting. Finally, we found no evidence that additional medical spending improved short-term health outcomes. PMID:26603160

  18. Patient cost sharing and medical expenditures for the Elderly.

    PubMed

    Fukushima, Kazuya; Mizuoka, Sou; Yamamoto, Shunsuke; Iizuka, Toshiaki

    2016-01-01

    Despite the rapidly aging population, relatively little is known about how cost sharing affects the elderly's medical spending. Exploiting longitudinal claims data and the drastic reduction of coinsurance from 30% to 10% at age 70 in Japan, we find that the elderly's demand responses are heterogeneous in ways that have not been previously reported. Outpatient services by orthopedic and eye specialties, which will continue to increase in an aging society, are particularly price responsive and account for a large share of the spending increase. Lower cost sharing increases demand for brand-name drugs but not for generics. These high price elasticities may call for different cost-sharing rules for these services. Patient health status also matters: receiving medical services appears more discretionary for the healthy than the sick in the outpatient setting. Finally, we found no evidence that additional medical spending improved short-term health outcomes.

  19. 48 CFR 1516.303 - Cost-sharing contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 true Cost-sharing contracts. 1516.303 Section 1516.303 Federal Acquisition Regulations System ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES TYPES OF CONTRACTS Cost-Reimbursement Contracts 1516.303...

  20. 10 CFR 603.575 - Repayment of Federal cost share.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Repayment of Federal cost share. 603.575 Section 603.575 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (CONTINUED) ASSISTANCE REGULATIONS TECHNOLOGY INVESTMENT AGREEMENTS Pre-Award Business Evaluation Accounting, Payments, and Recovery of Funds § 603.575 Repayment of Federal cost...

  1. 10 CFR 603.530 - Acceptable cost sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... by Federal statute to be used for cost sharing. (2) Independent research and development (IR&D) costs, as described in 48 CFR part 31.208-18, that meet all of the criteria in paragraphs (a) through (e) of... at 48 CFR part 31 allow a for-profit firm that has expenditure-based, Federal procurement...

  2. 10 CFR 603.530 - Acceptable cost sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... by Federal statute to be used for cost sharing. (2) Independent research and development (IR&D) costs, as described in 48 CFR part 31.208-18, that meet all of the criteria in paragraphs (a) through (e) of... at 48 CFR part 31 allow a for-profit firm that has expenditure-based, Federal procurement...

  3. 10 CFR 603.530 - Acceptable cost sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... by Federal statute to be used for cost sharing. (2) Independent research and development (IR&D) costs, as described in 48 CFR part 31.208-18, that meet all of the criteria in paragraphs (a) through (e) of... at 48 CFR part 31 allow a for-profit firm that has expenditure-based, Federal procurement...

  4. 10 CFR 603.530 - Acceptable cost sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... by Federal statute to be used for cost sharing. (2) Independent research and development (IR&D) costs, as described in 48 CFR part 31.208-18, that meet all of the criteria in paragraphs (a) through (e) of... at 48 CFR part 31 allow a for-profit firm that has expenditure-based, Federal procurement...

  5. 45 CFR 2543.23 - Cost sharing or matching.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... ORGANIZATIONS Post-Award Requirements Financial and Program Management § 2543.23 Cost sharing or matching. (a...-assisted project or program. (3) Are necessary and reasonable for proper and efficient accomplishment of project or program objectives. (4) Are allowable under the applicable cost principles. (5) Are not paid...

  6. 45 CFR 2543.23 - Cost sharing or matching.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... ORGANIZATIONS Post-Award Requirements Financial and Program Management § 2543.23 Cost sharing or matching. (a...-assisted project or program. (3) Are necessary and reasonable for proper and efficient accomplishment of project or program objectives. (4) Are allowable under the applicable cost principles. (5) Are not paid...

  7. 14 CFR § 1273.24 - Matching or cost sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Matching or cost sharing. § 1273.24 Section § 1273.24 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION UNIFORM... program income. Costs financed by program income, as defined in § 1273.25, shall not count...

  8. 45 CFR 2543.23 - Cost sharing or matching.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... ORGANIZATIONS Post-Award Requirements Financial and Program Management § 2543.23 Cost sharing or matching. (a...-assisted project or program. (3) Are necessary and reasonable for proper and efficient accomplishment of project or program objectives. (4) Are allowable under the applicable cost principles. (5) Are not paid...

  9. 22 CFR 226.23 - Cost sharing or matching.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS Post-award Requirements Financial and Program Management § 226.23 Cost sharing or...-assisted project or program. (3) Are necessary and reasonable for proper and efficient accomplishment of project or program objectives. (4) Are allowable under the applicable cost principles. (5) Are not paid...

  10. 2 CFR 200.306 - Cost sharing or matching.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 200.306 Grants and Agreements Office of Management and Budget Guidance for Grants and Agreements OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT AND BUDGET GUIDANCE Reserved UNIFORM ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS, COST PRINCIPLES... Program Management § 200.306 Cost sharing or matching. (a) Under Federal research proposals,...

  11. 48 CFR 3416.303 - Cost-sharing contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Cost-sharing contracts. 3416.303 Section 3416.303 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION ACQUISITION REGULATION CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES TYPES OF CONTRACTS Cost-Reimbursement Contracts...

  12. 29 CFR 97.24 - Matching or cost sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... grants or by others cash donations from non-Federal third parties. (2) The value of third party in-kind... contributions counted towards other Federal costs-sharing requirements. Neither costs nor the values of third....25(g).) (5) Services or property financed by income earned by contractors. Contractors under a...

  13. 36 CFR 1207.24 - Matching or cost sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... others cash donations from non-Federal third parties. (2) The value of third party in-kind contributions... towards other Federal costs-sharing requirements. Neither costs nor the values of third party in-kind... of the assistance agreement. (This use of general program income is described in § 1207.25(g).)...

  14. 34 CFR 80.24 - Matching or cost sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... grants or by others cash donations from non-Federal third parties. (2) The value of third party in-kind... contributions counted towards other Federal costs-sharing requirements. Neither costs nor the values of third....25(g).) (5) Services or property financed by income earned by contractors. Contractors under a...

  15. Financing Higher Education in Ethiopia: Analysis of Cost-Sharing Policy and its Implementation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ayalew, Sewale Abate

    2013-01-01

    Cost-sharing as a policy in Ethiopian higher education institutions (HEIs) has been adopted since 2003 to achieve a set of objectives such as supplementing revenue as an alternative non-governmental source, maintaining and enhancing access to higher education, addressing equity in terms of opportunity in higher education and making students…

  16. Patient cost-sharing and healthcare spending growth.

    PubMed

    Baicker, Katherine; Goldman, Dana

    2011-01-01

    In this paper, we explore the role patient incentives play in slowing healthcare spending growth. Evidence suggests that while patients do indeed respond to financial incentives, cost-sharing does not uniformly improve value; rather, cost-sharing provisions must be deliberately structured and targeted to reduce care of low marginal value. Other mechanisms may be helpful in targeting particular populations or types of utilization. The spillover effects between privately insured and publicly insured populations as well as market imperfections suggest a potential role for public policy in promoting insurance design that slows spending growth while increasing the health that each dollar buys.

  17. 75 FR 30243 - Medicaid Program; Premiums and Cost Sharing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-28

    ... access to services for needy families. A summary of the general comments received and our responses are... Sharing (73 FR 71828),'' to address public comments received during reopened comment periods, and to... of certain individuals whose family income exceeds specified levels. This revised rule also...

  18. Institutionalising cost sharing for catchment management: lessons from land and water management planning in Australia.

    PubMed

    Marshall, G R

    2002-01-01

    A recurring theme in recent Australian reports on integrated catchment management (ICM) has been the need to institutionalise more formally the cost-sharing commitments made within this domain. This represents a significant departure from earlier visions of ICM as essentially promoting voluntary uptake of resource-conservation measures. Two important questions raised by this nascent policy shift are addressed in this paper. Firstly, how might cost-sharing arrangements be given greater formality without undermining the efforts of ICM to increase the preparedness of civil stakeholders to voluntarily, or informally, accept responsibility for sharing costs? Secondly, how is it possible to formalise cost-sharing arrangements so that the transaction costs of enforcing compliance with them remain affordable? Answers to these questions are explored through a case study of the Land and Water Management Planning Program now being successfully implemented in the irrigation districts of the central-Murray region of southern inland New South Wales (NSW) surrounding Deniliquin. The sophisticated system of institutional arrangements introduced in the program to facilitate monitoring, enforcement and adaptive management of cost-sharing commitments is discussed, and insights into how informally motivated cooperation can enhance the affordability and political feasibility of formal arrangements are presented.

  19. Extrinsic Rewards Diminish Costly Sharing in 3-Year-Olds.

    PubMed

    Ulber, Julia; Hamann, Katharina; Tomasello, Michael

    2016-07-01

    Two studies investigated the influence of external rewards and social praise in young children's fairness-related behavior. The motivation of ninety-six 3-year-olds' to equalize unfair resource allocations was measured in three scenarios (collaboration, windfall, and dictator game) following three different treatments (material reward, verbal praise, and neutral response). In all scenarios, children's willingness to engage in costly sharing was negatively influenced when they had received a reward for equal sharing during treatment than when they had received praise or no reward. The negative effect of material rewards was not due to subjects responding in kind to their partner's termination of rewards. These results provide new evidence for the intrinsic motivation of prosociality-in this case, costly sharing behavior-in preschool children. PMID:27084549

  20. 10 CFR 603.215 - Recipient's commitment and cost sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... self-interest in the success of the project and incorporating the technology into products and... it a vested interest in the project's success; the willingness to commit to meaningful cost sharing... demonstrate the recipient's self-interest in the success of the current project....

  1. 7 CFR 2500.042 - Cost sharing and matching.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Cost sharing and matching. 2500.042 Section 2500.042 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) OFFICE OF ADVOCACY AND OUTREACH, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE OAO FEDERAL FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS-GENERAL AWARD ADMINISTRATIVE...

  2. 7 CFR 2500.042 - Cost sharing and matching.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Cost sharing and matching. 2500.042 Section 2500.042 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) OFFICE OF ADVOCACY AND OUTREACH, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE OAO FEDERAL FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS-GENERAL AWARD ADMINISTRATIVE...

  3. 7 CFR 2500.042 - Cost sharing and matching.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Cost sharing and matching. 2500.042 Section 2500.042 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) OFFICE OF ADVOCACY AND OUTREACH, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE OAO FEDERAL FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS-GENERAL AWARD ADMINISTRATIVE...

  4. 24 CFR 85.24 - Matching or cost sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Matching or cost sharing. 85.24 Section 85.24 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary, Department of Housing and Urban... of third party donated supplies and loaned equipment or space. (1) If a third party donates...

  5. 7 CFR 625.10 - Cost-share payments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Cost-share payments. 625.10 Section 625.10 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF... forest ecosystem functions and values over time and measures that are needed to provide the...

  6. 24 CFR 84.23 - Cost sharing or matching.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Cost sharing or matching. 84.23 Section 84.23 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary, Department of Housing and Urban... EDUCATION, HOSPITALS, AND OTHER NON-PROFIT ORGANIZATIONS Post-Award Requirements Financial and...

  7. 24 CFR 84.23 - Cost sharing or matching.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Cost sharing or matching. 84.23 Section 84.23 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary, Department of Housing and Urban... EDUCATION, HOSPITALS, AND OTHER NON-PROFIT ORGANIZATIONS Post-Award Requirements Financial and...

  8. 24 CFR 84.23 - Cost sharing or matching.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Cost sharing or matching. 84.23 Section 84.23 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary, Department of Housing and Urban... EDUCATION, HOSPITALS, AND OTHER NON-PROFIT ORGANIZATIONS Post-Award Requirements Financial and...

  9. 24 CFR 84.23 - Cost sharing or matching.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Cost sharing or matching. 84.23 Section 84.23 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary, Department of Housing and Urban... EDUCATION, HOSPITALS, AND OTHER NON-PROFIT ORGANIZATIONS Post-Award Requirements Financial and...

  10. 24 CFR 84.23 - Cost sharing or matching.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Cost sharing or matching. 84.23 Section 84.23 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary, Department of Housing and Urban... EDUCATION, HOSPITALS, AND OTHER NON-PROFIT ORGANIZATIONS Post-Award Requirements Financial and...

  11. 42 CFR 457.560 - Cumulative cost-sharing maximum.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Cumulative cost-sharing maximum. 457.560 Section 457.560 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) STATE CHILDREN'S HEALTH INSURANCE PROGRAMS (SCHIPs) ALLOTMENTS AND GRANTS TO...

  12. 42 CFR 457.560 - Cumulative cost-sharing maximum.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Cumulative cost-sharing maximum. 457.560 Section 457.560 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) STATE CHILDREN'S HEALTH INSURANCE PROGRAMS (SCHIPs) ALLOTMENTS AND GRANTS TO...

  13. 2 CFR 215.23 - Cost sharing or matching.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ....23 Grants and Agreements Office of Management and Budget Guidance for Grants and Agreements OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT AND BUDGET CIRCULARS AND GUIDANCE Reserved UNIFORM ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS FOR GRANTS AND... A-110) Post Award Requirements Financial and Program Management § 215.23 Cost sharing or...

  14. Social inequalities and pharmaceutical cost sharing in Italian regions.

    PubMed

    Terraneo, Marco; Sarti, Simone; Tognetti Bordogna, Mara

    2014-01-01

    In recent years, Italian citizens have increasingly been asked to share pharmaceutical costs, but at the same time, households' medicines expenditure has decreased. Cost-sharing policies have to be assessed not just in terms of limitation of moral hazard and revenue to the state, but also for equal opportunities for citizen users accessing health services. The aim of this article is to analyze how Italian co-payment policies ("ticket") on medicines may affect pharmaceutical expenditure of households, considering territorial and social groups variation. We reviewed the per capita private spending on medicines of Italian regions, separating pharmaceutical outlay and "ticket." Across the period 2001-2010 we found that the overall per capita private spending on medicines remained substantially stable, although medicine expenditure decreases while the "ticket" increases. When cost sharing rises, out-of-pocket spending on medicines by poorer families seems to remain unchanged; however, poorer families seem to reduce their pharmaceutical expenditure. Our analysis suggests that applying co-payment in Italy is partly successful, in terms of greater revenue to the health system, but in the last few years, cost-sharing increases would seem to have rebounded negatively on more vulnerable families, due to the economic crisis.

  15. 14 CFR 1260.123 - Cost sharing or matching.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Cost sharing or matching. 1260.123 Section 1260.123 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION GRANTS AND COOPERATIVE... Higher Education, Hospitals, and Other Non-Profit Organizations Post-Award Requirements § 1260.123...

  16. 14 CFR 1260.123 - Cost sharing or matching.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2011-01-01 2010-01-01 true Cost sharing or matching. 1260.123 Section 1260.123 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION GRANTS AND COOPERATIVE... Higher Education, Hospitals, and Other Non-Profit Organizations Post-Award Requirements § 1260.123...

  17. 21 CFR 1403.24 - Matching or cost sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 9 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Matching or cost sharing. 1403.24 Section 1403.24 Food and Drugs OFFICE OF NATIONAL DRUG CONTROL POLICY UNIFORM ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS FOR GRANTS AND COOPERATIVE AGREEMENTS TO STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS Post-Award Requirements...

  18. 21 CFR 1403.24 - Matching or cost sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 9 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Matching or cost sharing. 1403.24 Section 1403.24 Food and Drugs OFFICE OF NATIONAL DRUG CONTROL POLICY UNIFORM ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS FOR GRANTS AND COOPERATIVE AGREEMENTS TO STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS Post-Award Requirements...

  19. 21 CFR 1403.24 - Matching or cost sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 9 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Matching or cost sharing. 1403.24 Section 1403.24 Food and Drugs OFFICE OF NATIONAL DRUG CONTROL POLICY UNIFORM ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS FOR GRANTS AND COOPERATIVE AGREEMENTS TO STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS Post-Award Requirements...

  20. 7 CFR 1467.10 - Cost-share payments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Cost-share payments. 1467.10 Section 1467.10 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) COMMODITY CREDIT CORPORATION, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LOANS, PURCHASES, AND OTHER OPERATIONS WETLANDS RESERVE PROGRAM § 1467.10...

  1. Cost Sharing in Zambia's Public Universities: Prospects and Challenges

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Masaiti, Gift; Shen, Hong

    2013-01-01

    This research paper explores the concept of "cost sharing" which became more prominent in Zambia education with the advent of democratic form of governance in 1991. As a way of responding to the ever diminishing tax revenues, government through the education policy of 1996, allowed higher education institutions including public…

  2. 45 CFR 1183.24 - Matching or cost sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Matching or cost sharing. 1183.24 Section 1183.24 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL FOUNDATION ON THE ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES INSTITUTE OF MUSEUM AND LIBRARY SERVICES UNIFORM ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS FOR GRANTS...

  3. 45 CFR 1157.24 - Matching or cost sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Matching or cost sharing. 1157.24 Section 1157.24 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL FOUNDATION ON THE ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR THE ARTS UNIFORM ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS FOR GRANTS AND...

  4. 45 CFR 1183.24 - Matching or cost sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Matching or cost sharing. 1183.24 Section 1183.24 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL FOUNDATION ON THE ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES INSTITUTE OF MUSEUM AND LIBRARY SERVICES UNIFORM ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS FOR GRANTS...

  5. 45 CFR 1157.24 - Matching or cost sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Matching or cost sharing. 1157.24 Section 1157.24 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL FOUNDATION ON THE ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR THE ARTS UNIFORM ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS FOR GRANTS AND...

  6. 45 CFR 1174.24 - Matching or cost sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Matching or cost sharing. 1174.24 Section 1174.24 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL FOUNDATION ON THE ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR THE HUMANITIES UNIFORM ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS FOR GRANTS...

  7. 45 CFR 1174.24 - Matching or cost sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Matching or cost sharing. 1174.24 Section 1174.24 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL FOUNDATION ON THE ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR THE HUMANITIES UNIFORM ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS FOR GRANTS...

  8. 7 CFR 631.8 - Cost-share rates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 6 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Cost-share rates. 631.8 Section 631.8 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LONG TERM CONTRACTING GREAT PLAINS CONSERVATION PROGRAM General Provisions § 631.8...

  9. 7 CFR 631.8 - Cost-share rates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Cost-share rates. 631.8 Section 631.8 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LONG TERM CONTRACTING GREAT PLAINS CONSERVATION PROGRAM General Provisions § 631.8...

  10. 7 CFR 631.8 - Cost-share rates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 6 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Cost-share rates. 631.8 Section 631.8 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LONG TERM CONTRACTING GREAT PLAINS CONSERVATION PROGRAM General Provisions § 631.8...

  11. 7 CFR 631.8 - Cost-share rates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 6 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Cost-share rates. 631.8 Section 631.8 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LONG TERM CONTRACTING GREAT PLAINS CONSERVATION PROGRAM General Provisions § 631.8...

  12. 45 CFR 1157.24 - Matching or cost sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... feasible, volunteer services will be supported by the same methods that the organization uses to support... contribution to a fixed-price contract may count towards satisfying a cost sharing or matching requirement only..., and only depreciation or use allowances may be counted for donated equipment and buildings....

  13. 49 CFR 18.24 - Matching or cost sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ..., volunteer services will be supported by the same methods that the organization uses to support the... contribution to a fixed-price contract may count towards satisfying a cost sharing or matching requirement only... may be counted for donated land, and only depreciation or use allowances may be counted for...

  14. 45 CFR 2541.240 - Matching or cost sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... supported by the same methods that the organization uses to support the allocability of regular personnel... fixed-price contract may count towards satisfying a cost sharing or matching requirement only if it..., and only depreciation or use allowances may be counted for donated equipment and buildings....

  15. 41 CFR 105-71.124 - Matching or cost sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... supported by the same methods that the organization uses to support the allocability of regular personnel... fixed price contract may count towards satisfying a cost sharing or matching requirement only if it..., and only depreciation or use allowances may be counted for donated equipment and buildings....

  16. 7 CFR 3016.24 - Matching or cost sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... supported by the same methods that the organization uses to support the allocability of regular personnel... fixed-price contract may count towards satisfying a cost sharing or matching requirement only if it..., and only depreciation or use allowances may be counted for donated equipment and buildings....

  17. 34 CFR 80.24 - Matching or cost sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ..., volunteer services will be supported by the same methods that the organization uses to support the... contribution to a fixed-price contract may count towards satisfying a cost sharing or matching requirement only..., and only depreciation or use allowances may be counted for donated equipment and buildings....

  18. 43 CFR 12.64 - Matching or cost sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... supported by the same methods that the organization uses to support the allocability of regular personnel... fixed-price contract may count towards satisfying a cost sharing or matching requirement only if it..., and only depreciation or use allowances may be counted for donated equipment and buildings....

  19. 28 CFR 66.24 - Matching or cost sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... feasible, volunteer services will be supported by the same methods that the organization uses to support... contribution to a fixed-price contract may count towards satisfying a cost sharing or matching requirement only..., and only depreciation or use allowances may be counted for donated equipment and buildings....

  20. 29 CFR 97.24 - Matching or cost sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ..., volunteer services will be supported by the same methods that the organization uses to support the... contribution to a fixed-price contract may count towards satisfying a cost sharing or matching requirement only..., and only depreciation or use allowances may be counted for donated equipment and buildings....

  1. 42 CFR 447.50 - Cost sharing: Basis and purpose.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Health Service (IHS) or by an Indian Tribe, Tribal Organization, or Urban Indian Organization (otherwise... 42 Public Health 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Cost sharing: Basis and purpose. 447.50 Section 447.50 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN...

  2. 14 CFR § 1260.123 - Cost sharing or matching.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Cost sharing or matching. § 1260.123 Section § 1260.123 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION GRANTS AND... for any other federally-assisted project or program. (3) Are necessary and reasonable for proper...

  3. 14 CFR 1260.123 - Cost sharing or matching.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Cost sharing or matching. 1260.123 Section 1260.123 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION GRANTS AND COOPERATIVE... other federally-assisted project or program. (3) Are necessary and reasonable for proper and...

  4. 14 CFR 1260.123 - Cost sharing or matching.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Cost sharing or matching. 1260.123 Section 1260.123 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION GRANTS AND COOPERATIVE... other federally-assisted project or program. (3) Are necessary and reasonable for proper and...

  5. 29 CFR 95.23 - Cost sharing or matching.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Financial and Program Management § 95.23 Cost sharing or matching. (a) All contributions, including cash and... included as contributions for any other Federally-assisted project or program. (3) Are necessary and reasonable for proper and efficient accomplishment of project or program objectives. (4) Are allowable...

  6. 32 CFR 34.13 - Cost sharing or matching.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Requirements Financial and Program Management § 34.13 Cost sharing or matching. (a) Acceptable contributions... contributions for any other federally-assisted project or program. (3) They are necessary and reasonable for proper and efficient accomplishment of project or program objectives. (4) They are allowable under §...

  7. 29 CFR 95.23 - Cost sharing or matching.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Financial and Program Management § 95.23 Cost sharing or matching. (a) All contributions, including cash and... included as contributions for any other Federally-assisted project or program. (3) Are necessary and reasonable for proper and efficient accomplishment of project or program objectives. (4) Are allowable...

  8. 36 CFR 1210.23 - Cost sharing or matching.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Program Management § 1210.23 Cost sharing or matching. (a) All contributions, including cash and third... included as contributions for any other federally-assisted project or program. (3) Are necessary and reasonable for proper and efficient accomplishment of project or program objectives. (4) Are allowable...

  9. 22 CFR 518.23 - Cost sharing or matching.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... Requirements Financial and Program Management § 518.23 Cost sharing or matching. (a) All contributions...'s records. (2) Are not included as contributions for any other federally-assisted project or program. (3) Are necessary and reasonable for proper and efficient accomplishment of project or...

  10. 22 CFR 518.23 - Cost sharing or matching.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... Requirements Financial and Program Management § 518.23 Cost sharing or matching. (a) All contributions...'s records. (2) Are not included as contributions for any other federally-assisted project or program. (3) Are necessary and reasonable for proper and efficient accomplishment of project or...

  11. 36 CFR 1210.23 - Cost sharing or matching.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Program Management § 1210.23 Cost sharing or matching. (a) All contributions, including cash and third... included as contributions for any other federally-assisted project or program. (3) Are necessary and reasonable for proper and efficient accomplishment of project or program objectives. (4) Are allowable...

  12. 32 CFR 34.13 - Cost sharing or matching.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Requirements Financial and Program Management § 34.13 Cost sharing or matching. (a) Acceptable contributions... contributions for any other federally-assisted project or program. (3) They are necessary and reasonable for proper and efficient accomplishment of project or program objectives. (4) They are allowable under §...

  13. 34 CFR 74.23 - Cost sharing or matching.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Financial and Program Management § 74.23 Cost sharing or matching. (a) All contributions, including cash and... contributions for any other federally-assisted project or program. (3) Are necessary and reasonable for proper and efficient accomplishment of project or program objectives. (4) Are allowable under the...

  14. 29 CFR 95.23 - Cost sharing or matching.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Financial and Program Management § 95.23 Cost sharing or matching. (a) All contributions, including cash and... included as contributions for any other Federally-assisted project or program. (3) Are necessary and reasonable for proper and efficient accomplishment of project or program objectives. (4) Are allowable...

  15. 22 CFR 518.23 - Cost sharing or matching.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... Requirements Financial and Program Management § 518.23 Cost sharing or matching. (a) All contributions...'s records. (2) Are not included as contributions for any other federally-assisted project or program. (3) Are necessary and reasonable for proper and efficient accomplishment of project or...

  16. 20 CFR 435.23 - Cost sharing or matching.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... COMMERCIAL ORGANIZATIONS Post-Award Requirements Financial and Program Management § 435.23 Cost sharing or... property recorded in the recipient's accounting records at the time of donation. (2) The current fair... determined in accordance with the usual accounting policies of the recipient, with the...

  17. 36 CFR 1210.23 - Cost sharing or matching.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Management § 1210.23 Cost sharing or matching. (a) All contributions, including cash and third party in-kind...) The certified value of the remaining life of the property recorded in the recipient's accounting... accounting policies of the recipient, with the following qualifications. (1) The value of donated land...

  18. 2 CFR 215.23 - Cost sharing or matching.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... A-110) Post Award Requirements Financial and Program Management § 215.23 Cost sharing or matching....23 Grants and Agreements Office of Management and Budget Guidance for Grants and Agreements OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT AND BUDGET CIRCULARS AND GUIDANCE Reserved UNIFORM ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS FOR GRANTS...

  19. 34 CFR 74.23 - Cost sharing or matching.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Financial and Program Management § 74.23 Cost sharing or matching. (a) All contributions, including cash and... of the property recorded in the recipient's accounting records at the time of donation; or (2) The... the usual accounting policies of the recipient, with the following qualifications: (1) The value...

  20. 7 CFR 3019.23 - Cost sharing or matching.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... Program Management § 3019.23 Cost sharing or matching. (a) All contributions, including cash and third... remaining life of the property recorded in the recipient's accounting records at the time of donation. (2... accounting policies of the recipient, with the following qualifications. (1) The value of donated land...

  1. 22 CFR 145.23 - Cost sharing or matching.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... Management § 145.23 Cost sharing or matching. (a) All contributions, including cash and third party in-kind... recorded in the recipient's accounting records at the time of donation. (2) The current fair market value... determined in accordance with the usual accounting policies of the recipient, with the...

  2. 20 CFR 435.23 - Cost sharing or matching.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... COMMERCIAL ORGANIZATIONS Post-Award Requirements Financial and Program Management § 435.23 Cost sharing or... property recorded in the recipient's accounting records at the time of donation. (2) The current fair... determined in accordance with the usual accounting policies of the recipient, with the...

  3. 22 CFR 145.23 - Cost sharing or matching.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... Management § 145.23 Cost sharing or matching. (a) All contributions, including cash and third party in-kind... recorded in the recipient's accounting records at the time of donation. (2) The current fair market value... determined in accordance with the usual accounting policies of the recipient, with the...

  4. 34 CFR 74.23 - Cost sharing or matching.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Financial and Program Management § 74.23 Cost sharing or matching. (a) All contributions, including cash and... of the property recorded in the recipient's accounting records at the time of donation; or (2) The... the usual accounting policies of the recipient, with the following qualifications: (1) The value...

  5. 15 CFR 14.23 - Cost sharing or matching.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... COMMERCIAL ORGANIZATIONS Post-Award Requirements Financial and Program Management § 14.23 Cost sharing or... recorded in the recipient's accounting records at the time of donation. (2) The current fair market value... property shall be determined in accordance with the usual accounting policies of the recipient, with...

  6. 7 CFR 3019.23 - Cost sharing or matching.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Program Management § 3019.23 Cost sharing or matching. (a) All contributions, including cash and third... remaining life of the property recorded in the recipient's accounting records at the time of donation. (2... accounting policies of the recipient, with the following qualifications. (1) The value of donated land...

  7. 15 CFR 14.23 - Cost sharing or matching.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... COMMERCIAL ORGANIZATIONS Post-Award Requirements Financial and Program Management § 14.23 Cost sharing or... recorded in the recipient's accounting records at the time of donation. (2) The current fair market value... property shall be determined in accordance with the usual accounting policies of the recipient, with...

  8. 7 CFR 3019.23 - Cost sharing or matching.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... Program Management § 3019.23 Cost sharing or matching. (a) All contributions, including cash and third... remaining life of the property recorded in the recipient's accounting records at the time of donation. (2... accounting policies of the recipient, with the following qualifications. (1) The value of donated land...

  9. 22 CFR 518.23 - Cost sharing or matching.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... Requirements Financial and Program Management § 518.23 Cost sharing or matching. (a) All contributions... certified value of the remaining life of the property recorded in the recipient's accounting records at the... be determined in accordance with the usual accounting policies of the recipient, with the...

  10. 22 CFR 145.23 - Cost sharing or matching.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... Management § 145.23 Cost sharing or matching. (a) All contributions, including cash and third party in-kind... recorded in the recipient's accounting records at the time of donation. (2) The current fair market value... determined in accordance with the usual accounting policies of the recipient, with the...

  11. 20 CFR 435.23 - Cost sharing or matching.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... COMMERCIAL ORGANIZATIONS Post-Award Requirements Financial and Program Management § 435.23 Cost sharing or... property recorded in the recipient's accounting records at the time of donation. (2) The current fair... determined in accordance with the usual accounting policies of the recipient, with the...

  12. 22 CFR 226.23 - Cost sharing or matching.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS Post-award Requirements Financial and Program Management § 226.23 Cost sharing or... the property recorded in the recipient's accounting records at the time of donation, or (2) The... determined in accordance with the usual accounting policies of the recipient, with the...

  13. 2 CFR 215.23 - Cost sharing or matching.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... A-110) Post Award Requirements Financial and Program Management § 215.23 Cost sharing or matching....23 Grants and Agreements Office of Management and Budget Guidance for Grants and Agreements OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT AND BUDGET CIRCULARS AND GUIDANCE Reserved UNIFORM ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS FOR GRANTS...

  14. 22 CFR 226.23 - Cost sharing or matching.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS Post-award Requirements Financial and Program Management § 226.23 Cost sharing or... the property recorded in the recipient's accounting records at the time of donation, or (2) The... determined in accordance with the usual accounting policies of the recipient, with the...

  15. 22 CFR 226.23 - Cost sharing or matching.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS Post-award Requirements Financial and Program Management § 226.23 Cost sharing or... the property recorded in the recipient's accounting records at the time of donation, or (2) The... determined in accordance with the usual accounting policies of the recipient, with the...

  16. 21 CFR 1403.24 - Matching or cost sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... non-Federal grants or by others cash donations from non-Federal third parties. (2) The value of third... values of third party in-kind contributions may count towards satisfying a cost sharing or matching... is described in § 1403.25(g).) (5) Services or property financed by income earned by...

  17. 10 CFR 600.123 - Cost sharing or matching.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... of cost sharing or matching. (c) Values for recipient contributions of services and property shall be... buildings or land for construction/facilities acquisition projects or long-term use, the value of the... this section. (1) The certified value of the remaining life of the property recorded in the...

  18. 36 CFR 1210.23 - Cost sharing or matching.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... HIGHER EDUCATION, HOSPITALS, AND OTHER NON-PROFIT ORGANIZATIONS Post-Award Requirements Financial and Program Management § 1210.23 Cost sharing or matching. (a) All contributions, including cash and third... included as contributions for any other federally-assisted project or program. (3) Are necessary...

  19. 42 CFR 423.6 - Cost-sharing in beneficiary education and enrollment-related costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... enrollment-related costs. 423.6 Section 423.6 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICARE PROGRAM VOLUNTARY MEDICARE PRESCRIPTION DRUG BENEFIT General Provisions § 423.6 Cost-sharing in beneficiary education and enrollment-related costs....

  20. 47 CFR 27.1178 - Administration of the Cost-Sharing Plan.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Administration of the Cost-Sharing Plan. 27....1178 Administration of the Cost-Sharing Plan. The Wireless Telecommunications Bureau, under delegated... clearinghouse(s) will administer the cost-sharing plan by, inter alia, determining the cost-sharing...

  1. Processor-Group Aware Runtime Support for Shared-and Global-Address Space Models

    SciTech Connect

    Krishnan, Manoj Kumar; Tipparaju, Vinod; Palmer, Bruce; Nieplocha, Jarek

    2004-12-07

    Exploiting multilevel parallelism using processor groups is becoming increasingly important for programming on high-end systems. This paper describes a group-aware run-time support for shared-/global- address space programming models. The current effort has been undertaken in the context of the Aggregate Remote Memory Copy Interface (ARMCI) [5], a portable runtime system used as a communication layer for Global Arrays [6], Co-Array Fortran (CAF) [9], GPSHMEM [10], Co-Array Python [11], and also end-user applications. The paper describes the management of shared memory, integration of shared memory communication and RDMA on clusters with SMP nodes, and registration. These are all required for efficient multi- method and multi-protocol communication on modern systems. Focus is placed on techniques for supporting process groups while maximizing communication performance and efficiently managing global memory system-wide.

  2. Shared encoding and the costs and benefits of collaborative recall.

    PubMed

    Harris, Celia B; Barnier, Amanda J; Sutton, John

    2013-01-01

    We often remember in the company of others. In particular, we routinely collaborate with friends, family, or colleagues to remember shared experiences. But surprisingly, in the experimental collaborative recall paradigm, collaborative groups remember less than their potential, an effect termed collaborative inhibition. Rajaram and Pereira-Pasarin (2010) argued that the effects of collaboration on recall are determined by "pre-collaborative" factors. We studied the role of 2 pre-collaborative factors-shared encoding and group relationship-in determining the costs and benefits of collaborative recall. In Experiment 1, we compared groups of strangers who encoded alone versus together, before collaborating to recall. In Experiment 2, we compared groups of friends who encoded alone versus together, before collaborating to recall. We found that shared encoding abolished collaborative inhibition in both Experiments 1 and 2. But prior relationship did not influence collaborative inhibition over and above the effects of shared encoding. Regardless of encoding condition, collaborative group recall contained fewer intrusions than nominal group recall, and these benefits continued in subsequent individual recall. Our findings demonstrate that pre-collaborative factors-specifically shared encoding-have flow-on benefits for group and individual recall amount, but not recall accuracy. We discuss these findings in terms of self- and cross-cuing in collaborative recall. PMID:22686851

  3. Shared encoding and the costs and benefits of collaborative recall.

    PubMed

    Harris, Celia B; Barnier, Amanda J; Sutton, John

    2013-01-01

    We often remember in the company of others. In particular, we routinely collaborate with friends, family, or colleagues to remember shared experiences. But surprisingly, in the experimental collaborative recall paradigm, collaborative groups remember less than their potential, an effect termed collaborative inhibition. Rajaram and Pereira-Pasarin (2010) argued that the effects of collaboration on recall are determined by "pre-collaborative" factors. We studied the role of 2 pre-collaborative factors-shared encoding and group relationship-in determining the costs and benefits of collaborative recall. In Experiment 1, we compared groups of strangers who encoded alone versus together, before collaborating to recall. In Experiment 2, we compared groups of friends who encoded alone versus together, before collaborating to recall. We found that shared encoding abolished collaborative inhibition in both Experiments 1 and 2. But prior relationship did not influence collaborative inhibition over and above the effects of shared encoding. Regardless of encoding condition, collaborative group recall contained fewer intrusions than nominal group recall, and these benefits continued in subsequent individual recall. Our findings demonstrate that pre-collaborative factors-specifically shared encoding-have flow-on benefits for group and individual recall amount, but not recall accuracy. We discuss these findings in terms of self- and cross-cuing in collaborative recall.

  4. 48 CFR 1552.216-76 - Estimated cost and cost-sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Estimated cost and cost-sharing. 1552.216-76 Section 1552.216-76 Federal Acquisition Regulations System ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY CLAUSES AND FORMS SOLICITATION PROVISIONS AND CONTRACT CLAUSES Texts of Provisions and...

  5. 48 CFR 1552.216-76 - Estimated cost and cost-sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Estimated cost and cost-sharing. 1552.216-76 Section 1552.216-76 Federal Acquisition Regulations System ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY CLAUSES AND FORMS SOLICITATION PROVISIONS AND CONTRACT CLAUSES Texts of Provisions and...

  6. Supply-side cost sharing when patients and doctors collude.

    PubMed

    Vaithianathan, Rhema

    2003-09-01

    Doctors and patients generally share a common interest in maximizing the quality of care. Purchasers of health care on the other hand, desire cost-effective levels of quality. We consider the purchaser's problem of implementing supply-side cost sharing when patients and doctors are asymmetrically informed and can collude to advance their own joint interests in maximal quality. Such collusion can be interpreted as the sort of informal side-payments that are observed in transitional and developing economies. It may also be interpreted as a "formal" (but unregulated) case of physician balance billing. We show that both collusion-proof schemes and collusion-inducing schemes can implement cost-effective care. A number of policy implications are discussed. In particular, more permissive advertising of referred services (such as pharmaceuticals) and more informed patients will increase the cost of implementing collusion-proof mechanisms. If patients have a high willingness to pay or are informed, then allowing collusion may be preferred.

  7. Breaking the Bank: Three Financing Models for Addressing the Drug Innovation Cost Crisis

    PubMed Central

    Kleinke, J.D.; McGee, Nancy

    2015-01-01

    Background The introduction of innovative specialty pharmaceuticals with high prices has renewed efforts by public and private healthcare payers to constrain their utilization, increase patient cost-sharing, and compel government intervention on pricing. These efforts, although rational for individual payers, have the potential to undermine the public health impact and overall economic value of these innovations for society. The emerging archetypal example is the outcry over the cost of sofosbuvir, a drug proved to cure hepatitis C infection at a cost of $84,000 per person for a course of treatment (or $1000 per tablet). This represents a radical medical breakthrough for public health, with great promise for the long-term costs associated with this disease, but with major short-term cost implications for the budgets of healthcare payers. Objectives To propose potential financing models to provide a workable and lasting solution that directly addresses the misalignment of incentives between healthcare payers confronted with the high upfront costs of innovative specialty drugs and the rest of the US healthcare system, and to articulate these in the context of the historic struggle over paying for innovation. Discussion We describe 3 innovative financing models to manage expensive specialty drugs that will significantly reduce the direct, immediate cost burden of these drugs to public and private healthcare payers. The 3 financing models include high-cost drug mortgages, high-cost drugs reinsurance, and high-cost drug patient rebates. These models have been proved successful in other areas and should be adopted into healthcare to mitigate the high-cost of specialty drugs. We discuss the distribution of this burden over time and across the healthcare system, and we match the financial burden of medical innovations to the healthcare stakeholders who capture their overall value. All 3 models work within or replicate the current healthcare marketplace mechanisms for

  8. Probabilistic sharing solves the problem of costly punishment

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chen, Xiaojie; Szolnoki, Attila; Perc, Matjaž

    2014-08-01

    Cooperators that refuse to participate in sanctioning defectors create the second-order free-rider problem. Such cooperators will not be punished because they contribute to the public good, but they also eschew the costs associated with punishing defectors. Altruistic punishers—those that cooperate and punish—are at a disadvantage, and it is puzzling how such behaviour has evolved. We show that sharing the responsibility to sanction defectors rather than relying on certain individuals to do so permanently can solve the problem of costly punishment. Inspired by the fact that humans have strong but also emotional tendencies for fair play, we consider probabilistic sanctioning as the simplest way of distributing the duty. In well-mixed populations the public goods game is transformed into a coordination game with full cooperation and defection as the two stable equilibria, while in structured populations pattern formation supports additional counterintuitive solutions that are reminiscent of Parrondo's paradox.

  9. 36 CFR 1206.45 - What rules govern subgrant distribution, cost sharing, grant administration, and reporting?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... distribution, cost sharing, grant administration, and reporting? 1206.45 Section 1206.45 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL ARCHIVES AND RECORDS ADMINISTRATION GENERAL RULES NATIONAL HISTORICAL..., cost sharing, grant administration, and reporting? (a) The Commission will annually establish...

  10. 42 CFR 422.6 - Cost-sharing in enrollment-related costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Section 422.6 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICARE PROGRAM MEDICARE ADVANTAGE PROGRAM General Provisions § 422.6 Cost-sharing in... sponsors under Medicare Part D and to assess the required user fees for each MA plan offered by...

  11. 47 CFR 27.1182 - Reimbursement under the Cost-Sharing Plan.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Reimbursement under the Cost-Sharing Plan. 27... Cost-Sharing Policies Governing Broadband Radio Service Relocation from the 2150-2160/62 Mhz Band § 27.1182 Reimbursement under the Cost-Sharing Plan. (a) Registration of reimbursement rights. (1) To...

  12. 47 CFR 27.1182 - Reimbursement under the Cost-Sharing Plan.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Reimbursement under the Cost-Sharing Plan. 27... 2180-2200 MHz bands Cost-Sharing Policies Governing Broadband Radio Service Relocation from the 2150-2160/62 Mhz Band § 27.1182 Reimbursement under the Cost-Sharing Plan. (a) Registration of...

  13. 47 CFR 27.1182 - Reimbursement under the Cost-Sharing Plan.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Reimbursement under the Cost-Sharing Plan. 27...-2155 MHz, 2155-2180 MHz, 2180-2200 MHz Bands Cost-Sharing Policies Governing Broadband Radio Service Relocation from the 2150-2160/62 Mhz Band § 27.1182 Reimbursement under the Cost-Sharing Plan....

  14. 78 FR 5781 - Cost-Sharing Rates for Pharmacy Benefits Program of the TRICARE Program

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-28

    ... of the Secretary Cost-Sharing Rates for Pharmacy Benefits Program of the TRICARE Program AGENCY... TRICARE Pharmacy Benefits Program. SUMMARY: This notice is to advise interested parties of cost-sharing rate change for the Pharmacy Benefits Program. DATES: The cost-sharing rate changes will be...

  15. 75 FR 54591 - Notice of Agricultural Management Assistance Organic Certification Cost-Share Program

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-08

    ... Agricultural Marketing Service Notice of Agricultural Management Assistance Organic Certification Cost-Share... Applications for the Agricultural Management Assistance Organic Certification Cost-Share Program. SUMMARY: This... Organic Certification Cost-Share Funds. The AMS has allocated $1.495 million for this...

  16. 75 FR 54590 - Notice of 2010 National Organic Certification Cost-Share Program

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-08

    ... Agricultural Marketing Service Notice of 2010 National Organic Certification Cost-Share Program AGENCY... National Organic Certification Cost-Share Program. SUMMARY: This Notice invites all States of the United... allocation of National Organic Certification Cost-Share Funds. The AMS has allocated $22.0 million for...

  17. 76 FR 54999 - Notice of 2011 National Organic Certification Cost-Share Program

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-06

    ... Agricultural Marketing Service Notice of 2011 National Organic Certification Cost-Share Program AGENCY... Departments of Agriculture for the National Organic Certification Cost- Share Program. SUMMARY: This Notice... Service (AMS) for the allocation of National Organic Certification Cost-Share Funds. Beginning in...

  18. 47 CFR 24.253 - Termination of cost-sharing obligations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Termination of cost-sharing obligations. 24.253 Section 24.253 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) COMMON CARRIER SERVICES... Mhz Band § 24.253 Termination of cost-sharing obligations. The cost-sharing plan will sunset for...

  19. 47 CFR 24.253 - Termination of cost-sharing obligations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Termination of cost-sharing obligations. 24.253 Section 24.253 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) COMMON CARRIER SERVICES... Mhz Band § 24.253 Termination of cost-sharing obligations. The cost-sharing plan will sunset for...

  20. 47 CFR 27.1162 - Administration of the Cost-Sharing Plan.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Administration of the Cost-Sharing Plan. 27... § 27.1162 Administration of the Cost-Sharing Plan. The Wireless Telecommunications Bureau, under...(s). This clearinghouse(s) will administer the cost-sharing plan by, inter alia, determining the...

  1. Message passing and shared address space parallelism on an SMP cluster

    SciTech Connect

    Shan, Hongzhang; Singh, Jaswinder P.; Oliker, Leonid; Biswas, Rupak

    2002-09-25

    Currently, message passing (MP) and shared address space (SAS) are the two leading parallel programming paradigms. MP has been standardized with MPI, and is the more common and mature approach; however, code development can be extremely difficult, especially for irregularly structured computations. SAS offers substantial ease of programming, but may suffer from performance limitations due to poor spatial locality and high protocol overhead. In this paper, we compare the performance of and the programming effort required for six applications under both programming models on a 32-processor PC-SMP cluster, a platform that is becoming increasingly attractive for high-end scientific computing. Our application suite consists of codes that typically do not exhibit scalable performance under shared-memory programming due to their high communication-to-computation ratios and/or complex communication patterns. Results indicate that SAS can achieve about half the parallel efficiency of MPI for mo st of our applications, while being competitive for the others. A hybrid MPI + SAS strategy shows only a small performance advantage over pure MPI in some cases. Finally, improved implementations of two MPI collective operations on PC-SMP clusters are presented.

  2. Message passing vs. shared address space on a cluster of SMPs

    SciTech Connect

    Shan, Hongzhang; Singh, Jaswinder Pal; Oliker, Leonid; Biswas, Rupak

    2001-01-22

    The emergence of scalable computer architectures using clusters of PCs or PC-SMPs with commodity networking has made them attractive platforms for high-end scientific computing. Currently, message passing (MP) and shared address space (SAS) are the two leading programming paradigms for these systems. MP has been standardized with MPI, and is the most common and mature parallel programming approach. However, MP code development can be extremely difficult, especially for irregularly structured computations. SAS offers substantial ease of programming, but may suffer from performance limitations due to poor spatial locality and high protocol overhead. In this paper, they compare the performance of and programming effort required for six applications under both programming models on a 32-CPU PC-SMP cluster. Our application suite consists of codes that typically do not exhibit scalable performance under shared-memory programming due to their high communication-to-computation ratios and complex communication patterns. Results indicate that SAS can achieve about half the parallel efficiency of MPI for most of the applications; however, on certain classes of problems, SAS performance is competitive with MPI.

  3. Message Passing and Shared Address Space Parallelism on an SMP Cluster

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Shan, Hongzhang; Singh, Jaswinder P.; Oliker, Leonid; Biswas, Rupak; Biegel, Bryan (Technical Monitor)

    2002-01-01

    Currently, message passing (MP) and shared address space (SAS) are the two leading parallel programming paradigms. MP has been standardized with MPI, and is the more common and mature approach; however, code development can be extremely difficult, especially for irregularly structured computations. SAS offers substantial ease of programming, but may suffer from performance limitations due to poor spatial locality and high protocol overhead. In this paper, we compare the performance of and the programming effort required for six applications under both programming models on a 32-processor PC-SMP cluster, a platform that is becoming increasingly attractive for high-end scientific computing. Our application suite consists of codes that typically do not exhibit scalable performance under shared-memory programming due to their high communication-to-computation ratios and/or complex communication patterns. Results indicate that SAS can achieve about half the parallel efficiency of MPI for most of our applications, while being competitive for the others. A hybrid MPI+SAS strategy shows only a small performance advantage over pure MPI in some cases. Finally, improved implementations of two MPI collective operations on PC-SMP clusters are presented.

  4. Message Passing vs. Shared Address Space on a Cluster of SMPs

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Shan, Hongzhang; Singh, Jaswinder Pal; Oliker, Leonid; Biswas, Rupak

    2000-01-01

    The convergence of scalable computer architectures using clusters of PCs (or PC-SMPs) with commodity networking has become an attractive platform for high end scientific computing. Currently, message-passing and shared address space (SAS) are the two leading programming paradigms for these systems. Message-passing has been standardized with MPI, and is the most common and mature programming approach. However message-passing code development can be extremely difficult, especially for irregular structured computations. SAS offers substantial ease of programming, but may suffer from performance limitations due to poor spatial locality, and high protocol overhead. In this paper, we compare the performance of and programming effort, required for six applications under both programming models on a 32 CPU PC-SMP cluster. Our application suite consists of codes that typically do not exhibit high efficiency under shared memory programming. due to their high communication to computation ratios and complex communication patterns. Results indicate that SAS can achieve about half the parallel efficiency of MPI for most of our applications: however, on certain classes of problems SAS performance is competitive with MPI. We also present new algorithms for improving the PC cluster performance of MPI collective operations.

  5. Shared Knowledge for Addressing Impacts of Land Use Transitions on Reindeer Husbandry in Northern Russia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Maynard, N.; Yurchak, B.; Sleptsov, Y.; Turi, J. M.

    2004-12-01

    Reindeer husbandry in Northern Russia is an economic activity with a special cultural dimension of utmost importance to the indigenous peoples. Climate changes with warmer temperatures are creating significant problems now in the Arctic for the reindeer herds. These climate factors, industrial development, and the recent transition of Russia to a market economy have resulted in a nearly complete disruption of any system of supply of goods and services and health care to indigenous peoples. In turn, this has caused rapidly deteriorating health and living conditions in the indigenous reindeer herder communities. To try to address some of these issues, a NASA-reindeer herder partnership, called Reindeer Mapper, has been initiated which is establishing a system to bring indigenous traditional and local knowledge together with scientific and engineering knowledge, remote sensing and information technologies to create a more powerful information base for addressing these environmental, climate, industrial, political, and business problems. Preliminary results from the Reindeer Mapper pilot project will be presented including a special information-sharing communications system for the Reindeer Mapper project (a private intranet system), several NASA data sets useful to the herders including SAR and Landsat imagery, local knowledge of herd distributions, ground-based data, and weather observations. Results will also be presented from the first NASA-reindeer herder science and indigenous knowledge summer camp for children of reindeer herders from the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia).

  6. An Introduction to Cost Sharing: Why Good Deeds Do Not Go Unpunished.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Seligman, Richard P.

    2000-01-01

    Examines the concept of cost sharing between grantor agencies and grantee institutions and identifies problems encountered, including use of cost sharing to leverage funds by both funding agencies and grantee institutions; and various grantee institution costing, accounting, and auditing issues, such as effort reporting, the Cost Accounting…

  7. Medicaid program; premiums and cost sharing. Final rule with comment period.

    PubMed

    2010-05-28

    This final rule revises the November 25, 2008 final rule entitled, "Medicaid Programs; Premiums and Cost Sharing (73 FR 71828)," to address public comments received during reopened comment periods, and to reflect relevant statutory changes made in section 5006(a) of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (the Recovery Act). This revised final rule implements and interprets section 1916A of the Social Security Act (the Act), which was added by sections 6041, 6042, and 6043 of the Deficit Reduction Act of 2005 (DRA), amended by section 405(a)(1) of the Tax Relief and Health Care Act of 2006 (TRHCA) and further amended by section 5006(a) of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (the Recovery Act). These provisions increase State flexibility to impose premiums and cost sharing for coverage of certain individuals whose family income exceeds specified levels. This revised rule also provides a further opportunity for public comment on revisions made to implement and interpret section 5006(a) of the Recovery Act. The Recovery Act prohibits States from charging premiums and cost sharing under Medicaid to Indians furnished items or services directly by the Indian Health Service, Indian Tribes, Tribal Organizations, or Urban Indian Organizations or through referral under contract health services. PMID:20509237

  8. Gauging the feasibility of cost-sharing and medical student interest groups to reduce interview costs.

    PubMed

    Lieber, Bryan A; Wilson, Taylor A; Bell, Randy S; Ashley, William W; Barrow, Daniel L; Wolfe, Stacey Quintero

    2014-11-01

    Indirect costs of the interview tour can be prohibitive. The authors sought to assess the desire of interviewees to mitigate these costs through ideas such as sharing hotel rooms and transportation, willingness to stay with local students, and the preferred modality to coordinate this collaboration. A survey link was posted on the Uncle Harvey website and the Facebook profile page of fourth-year medical students from 6 different medical schools shortly after the 2014 match day. There were a total of 156 respondents to the survey. The majority of the respondents were postinterview medical students (65.4%), but preinterview medical students (28.2%) and current residents (6.4%) also responded to the survey. Most respondents were pursuing a field other than neurosurgery (75.0%) and expressed a desire to share a hotel room and/or transportation (77.4%) as well as stay in the dorm room of a medical student at the program in which they are interviewing (70.0%). Students going into neurosurgery were significantly more likely to be interested in sharing hotel/transportation (89.2% neurosurgery vs 72.8% nonneurosurgery; p = 0.040) and in staying in the dorm room of a local student when on interviews (85.0% neurosurgery vs 57.1% nonneurosurgery; p = 0.040) than those going into other specialties. Among postinterview students, communication was preferred to be by private, email identification-only chat room. Given neurosurgery resident candidates' interest in collaborating to reduce interview costs, consideration should be given to creating a system that could allow students to coordinate cost sharing between interviewees. Moreover, interviewees should be connected to local students from neurosurgery interest groups as a resource.

  9. Gauging the feasibility of cost-sharing and medical student interest groups to reduce interview costs.

    PubMed

    Lieber, Bryan A; Wilson, Taylor A; Bell, Randy S; Ashley, William W; Barrow, Daniel L; Wolfe, Stacey Quintero

    2014-11-01

    Indirect costs of the interview tour can be prohibitive. The authors sought to assess the desire of interviewees to mitigate these costs through ideas such as sharing hotel rooms and transportation, willingness to stay with local students, and the preferred modality to coordinate this collaboration. A survey link was posted on the Uncle Harvey website and the Facebook profile page of fourth-year medical students from 6 different medical schools shortly after the 2014 match day. There were a total of 156 respondents to the survey. The majority of the respondents were postinterview medical students (65.4%), but preinterview medical students (28.2%) and current residents (6.4%) also responded to the survey. Most respondents were pursuing a field other than neurosurgery (75.0%) and expressed a desire to share a hotel room and/or transportation (77.4%) as well as stay in the dorm room of a medical student at the program in which they are interviewing (70.0%). Students going into neurosurgery were significantly more likely to be interested in sharing hotel/transportation (89.2% neurosurgery vs 72.8% nonneurosurgery; p = 0.040) and in staying in the dorm room of a local student when on interviews (85.0% neurosurgery vs 57.1% nonneurosurgery; p = 0.040) than those going into other specialties. Among postinterview students, communication was preferred to be by private, email identification-only chat room. Given neurosurgery resident candidates' interest in collaborating to reduce interview costs, consideration should be given to creating a system that could allow students to coordinate cost sharing between interviewees. Moreover, interviewees should be connected to local students from neurosurgery interest groups as a resource. PMID:25363428

  10. 47 CFR 24.243 - The cost-sharing formula.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...; monitoring or control equipment; engineering costs (design/path survey); installation; systems testing; FCC filing costs; site acquisition and civil works; zoning costs; training; disposal of old equipment;...

  11. 47 CFR 24.243 - The cost-sharing formula.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...; monitoring or control equipment; engineering costs (design/path survey); installation; systems testing; FCC filing costs; site acquisition and civil works; zoning costs; training; disposal of old equipment;...

  12. 47 CFR 24.243 - The cost-sharing formula.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...; monitoring or control equipment; engineering costs (design/path survey); installation; systems testing; FCC filing costs; site acquisition and civil works; zoning costs; training; disposal of old equipment;...

  13. 47 CFR 24.243 - The cost-sharing formula.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...; monitoring or control equipment; engineering costs (design/path survey); installation; systems testing; FCC filing costs; site acquisition and civil works; zoning costs; training; disposal of old equipment;...

  14. 47 CFR 24.243 - The cost-sharing formula.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...; monitoring or control equipment; engineering costs (design/path survey); installation; systems testing; FCC filing costs; site acquisition and civil works; zoning costs; training; disposal of old equipment;...

  15. 10 CFR 470.16 - Cost sharing and funds from other sources.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Cost sharing and funds from other sources. 470.16 Section 470.16 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY SMALL GRANTS PROGRAM § 470.16 Cost sharing and funds from other sources. Proposers are encouraged to offer to share in...

  16. 10 CFR 470.16 - Cost sharing and funds from other sources.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Cost sharing and funds from other sources. 470.16 Section 470.16 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY SMALL GRANTS PROGRAM § 470.16 Cost sharing and funds from other sources. Proposers are encouraged to offer to share in...

  17. 47 CFR 27.1174 - Termination of cost-sharing obligations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...-sharing plan will sunset for all AWS and MSS entities on the same date on which the relocation obligation... obligation prior to the sunset date must satisfy their payment obligation in full. Cost-Sharing...

  18. 47 CFR 24.245 - Reimbursement under the Cost-Sharing Plan.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Reimbursement under the Cost-Sharing Plan. 24... 1850-1990 Mhz Band § 24.245 Reimbursement under the Cost-Sharing Plan. (a) Registration of... also submit an independent third party appraisal of its compensable relocation costs. The...

  19. 47 CFR 24.245 - Reimbursement under the Cost-Sharing Plan.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Reimbursement under the Cost-Sharing Plan. 24... 1850-1990 Mhz Band § 24.245 Reimbursement under the Cost-Sharing Plan. (a) Registration of... also submit an independent third party appraisal of its compensable relocation costs. The...

  20. 47 CFR 24.245 - Reimbursement under the Cost-Sharing Plan.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Reimbursement under the Cost-Sharing Plan. 24... 1850-1990 Mhz Band § 24.245 Reimbursement under the Cost-Sharing Plan. (a) Registration of... also submit an independent third party appraisal of its compensable relocation costs. The...

  1. Cost Sharing in Education: Public Finance, School and Household Perspectives. Education Research Paper.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Penrose, Perran

    This report examines cost sharing, a term that combines the concepts of direct-cost recovery and indirect contributions from pupils, their parents, and sponsors. Such contributions may be voluntary, quasi-compulsory, or even compulsory. For the study reported here, cost sharing is used when the subject under discussion is not restricted to…

  2. 42 CFR 447.62 - Alternative premiums and cost sharing: Basis, purpose and scope.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... specified in this subpart and section 1916A(a)(1) of the Social Security Act. Otherwise, premiums and cost... 42 Public Health 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Alternative premiums and cost sharing: Basis... Payments: General Provisions Alternative Premiums and Cost Sharing Under Section 1916a § 447.62...

  3. Trends in Cost-Sharing in the US and Potential International Implications

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Taylor, Barrett J.; Morphew, Christopher C.

    2015-01-01

    "Cost­-sharing" refers to the principle that a variety of sources contribute to the cost of higher education. This study utilizes university-­level data from the United States to explore the increasing shift of cost burdens from governments to students. Panel regression results suggest that the share of expenditures drawn from tuition…

  4. Cost Sharing-Just When I Thought I Knew All the Answers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Paoletti, Charles R.

    2000-01-01

    Discusses issues in the recent debate on cost sharing within the federal government-university partnership, the historical roots of cost sharing, and limitations on the recovery of costs under federally funded research. Notes that the Presidential Review Directive process is working toward a set of guiding principles and recommendations to enhance…

  5. 47 CFR 27.1180 - The cost-sharing formula.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...; engineering costs (design/path survey); installation; systems testing; FCC filing costs; site acquisition and civil works; zoning costs; training; disposal of old equipment; test equipment (vendor required); spare... system, such as equipment and engineering expenses. There is no cap on the actual costs of relocation....

  6. 47 CFR 27.1164 - The cost-sharing formula.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...; back-up power equipment; monitoring or control equipment; engineering costs (design/path survey); installation; systems testing; FCC filing costs; site acquisition and civil works; zoning costs; training... actual costs associated with providing a replacement system, such as equipment and engineering...

  7. 32 CFR 37.535 - How do I value cost sharing related to real property or equipment?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false How do I value cost sharing related to real... Evaluation Cost Sharing § 37.535 How do I value cost sharing related to real property or equipment? You rarely should accept values for cost sharing contributions of real property or equipment that are...

  8. 47 CFR 27.1180 - The cost-sharing formula.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... control equipment; engineering costs (design/path survey); installation; systems testing; FCC filing costs; site acquisition and civil works; zoning costs; training; disposal of old equipment; test equipment... a replacement system, such as equipment and engineering expenses. There is no cap on the...

  9. 47 CFR 27.1180 - The cost-sharing formula.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    .../or modifications; back-up power equipment; monitoring or control equipment; engineering costs (design/path survey); installation; systems testing; FCC filing costs; site acquisition and civil works; zoning... and engineering expenses. There is no cap on the actual costs of relocation. (c) An AWS system...

  10. 47 CFR 27.1180 - The cost-sharing formula.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    .../or modifications; back-up power equipment; monitoring or control equipment; engineering costs (design/path survey); installation; systems testing; FCC filing costs; site acquisition and civil works; zoning... and engineering expenses. There is no cap on the actual costs of relocation. (c) An AWS system...

  11. 47 CFR 27.1164 - The cost-sharing formula.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... control equipment; engineering costs (design/path survey); installation; systems testing; FCC filing costs; site acquisition and civil works; zoning costs; training; disposal of old equipment; test equipment... a replacement system, such as equipment and engineering expenses. C may not exceed $250,000...

  12. 47 CFR 27.1164 - The cost-sharing formula.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... control equipment; engineering costs (design/path survey); installation; systems testing; FCC filing costs; site acquisition and civil works; zoning costs; training; disposal of old equipment; test equipment... a replacement system, such as equipment and engineering expenses. C may not exceed $250,000...

  13. 47 CFR 27.1164 - The cost-sharing formula.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... control equipment; engineering costs (design/path survey); installation; systems testing; FCC filing costs; site acquisition and civil works; zoning costs; training; disposal of old equipment; test equipment... a replacement system, such as equipment and engineering expenses. C may not exceed $250,000...

  14. 47 CFR 27.1180 - The cost-sharing formula.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    .../or modifications; back-up power equipment; monitoring or control equipment; engineering costs (design/path survey); installation; systems testing; FCC filing costs; site acquisition and civil works; zoning... and engineering expenses. There is no cap on the actual costs of relocation. (c) An AWS system...

  15. 32 CFR 34.13 - Cost sharing or matching.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... development (IR&D) costs. In accordance with the for-profit cost principle in 48 CFR 31.205-18(e), use of IR&D... of the IR&D as allowable indirect costs. In such cases, the IR&D must meet all of the criteria...

  16. 32 CFR 34.13 - Cost sharing or matching.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... development (IR&D) costs. In accordance with the for-profit cost principle in 48 CFR 31.205-18(e), use of IR&D... of the IR&D as allowable indirect costs. In such cases, the IR&D must meet all of the criteria...

  17. 45 CFR 1183.24 - Matching or cost sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... of Federal funds. (4) Costs financed by program income. Costs financed by program income, as defined... are expressly permitted in the terms of the assistance agreement. (This use of general program income... indirect cost rate, a special rate for allocating to individual projects or programs the value of...

  18. 10 CFR 600.224 - Matching or cost sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... of Federal funds. (4) Costs financed by program income. Costs financed by program income, as defined... are expressly permitted in the terms of the assistance agreement. (This use of general program income... cost rate, a special rate for allocating to individual projects or programs the value of...

  19. 21 CFR 1403.24 - Matching or cost sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... of Federal funds. (4) Costs financed by program income. Costs financed by program income, as defined... are expressly permitted in the terms of the assistant agreement. (This use of general program income... indirect cost rate, a special rate for allocating to individual projects or programs the value of...

  20. 10 CFR 600.224 - Matching or cost sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... of Federal funds. (4) Costs financed by program income. Costs financed by program income, as defined... are expressly permitted in the terms of the assistance agreement. (This use of general program income... cost rate, a special rate for allocating to individual projects or programs the value of...

  1. 45 CFR 1174.24 - Matching or cost sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... of Federal funds. (4) Costs financed by program income. Costs financed by program income, as defined... are expressly permitted in the terms of the assistance agreement. (This use of general program income... indirect cost rate, a special rate for allocating to individual projects or programs the value of...

  2. 22 CFR 135.24 - Matching or cost sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... of Federal funds. (4) Costs financed by program income. Costs financed by program income, as defined... are expressly permitted in the terms of the assistance agreement. (This use of general program income... indirect cost rate, a special rate for allocating to individual projects or programs the value of...

  3. 7 CFR 631.7 - Conservation treatment eligible for cost sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 6 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Conservation treatment eligible for cost sharing. 631... RESOURCES CONSERVATION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LONG TERM CONTRACTING GREAT PLAINS CONSERVATION PROGRAM General Provisions § 631.7 Conservation treatment eligible for cost sharing. (a) The...

  4. 10 CFR 455.102 - Energy conservation measure cost-share credit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... cost-share for an energy conservation measure grant in that building: (a) A non-Federally funded... 10 Energy 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Energy conservation measure cost-share credit. 455.102 Section 455.102 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION GRANT PROGRAMS FOR SCHOOLS AND...

  5. 47 CFR 27.1160 - Cost-sharing requirements for AWS.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...-2180 MHz, 2180-2200 MHz Bands Cost-Sharing Policies Governing Microwave Relocation from the 2110-2150 Mhz and 2160-2200 Mhz Bands § 27.1160 Cost-sharing requirements for AWS. Frequencies in the 2110-2150 MHz and 2160-2200 MHz bands listed in § 101.147 of this chapter have been reallocated from...

  6. 47 CFR 27.1160 - Cost-sharing requirements for AWS.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... MISCELLANEOUS WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS SERVICES 1710-1755 MHz, 2110-2155 MHz, 2160-2180 MHz Bands Cost-Sharing Policies Governing Microwave Relocation from the 2110-2150 Mhz and 2160-2200 Mhz Bands § 27.1160 Cost-sharing requirements for AWS. Frequencies in the 2110-2150 MHz and 2160-2180 MHz bands listed in §...

  7. 47 CFR 27.1160 - Cost-sharing requirements for AWS.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... MISCELLANEOUS WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS SERVICES 1710-1755 MHz, 2110-2155 MHz, 2160-2180 MHz Bands Cost-Sharing Policies Governing Microwave Relocation from the 2110-2150 Mhz and 2160-2200 Mhz Bands § 27.1160 Cost-sharing requirements for AWS. Frequencies in the 2110-2150 MHz and 2160-2180 MHz bands listed in §...

  8. 47 CFR 27.1160 - Cost-sharing requirements for AWS.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... MISCELLANEOUS WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS SERVICES 1710-1755 MHz, 2110-2155 MHz, 2160-2180 MHz Bands Cost-Sharing Policies Governing Microwave Relocation from the 2110-2150 Mhz and 2160-2200 Mhz Bands § 27.1160 Cost-sharing requirements for AWS. Frequencies in the 2110-2150 MHz and 2160-2180 MHz bands listed in §...

  9. 47 CFR 27.1160 - Cost-sharing requirements for AWS.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... bands Cost-Sharing Policies Governing Microwave Relocation from the 2110-2150 Mhz and 2160-2200 Mhz Bands § 27.1160 Cost-sharing requirements for AWS. Frequencies in the 2110-2150 MHz and 2160-2200 MHz bands listed in § 101.147 of this chapter have been reallocated from Fixed Microwave Services (FMS)...

  10. Cost Sharing in Higher Education in Kenya: Examining the Undesired Policy Outcomes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ngolovoi, Mary S.

    2010-01-01

    Cost sharing in higher education is a policy that comes from the United States. The policy advocates that costs of higher education should be shared between the government, parents, students and/or donor organizations. Proponents of the policy (such as the World Bank) have over the years been advocating for its implementation in African countries.…

  11. 78 FR 5164 - Notice of Agricultural Management Assistance Organic Certification Cost-Share Program

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-24

    ... Agricultural Marketing Service Notice of Agricultural Management Assistance Organic Certification Cost-Share... Applications From State Departments of Agriculture for the Agricultural Management Assistance Organic...) for the allocation of organic certification cost-share funds. The AMS has allocated $1.425 million...

  12. 78 FR 52131 - Notice of Funds Availability: Agricultural Management Assistance Organic Certification Cost-Share...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-22

    ... Agricultural Marketing Service Notice of Funds Availability: Agricultural Management Assistance Organic... Assistance Organic Certification Cost-Share Program. SUMMARY: This Notice invites the following 16 eligible...) for organic certification cost- share funds. A total of $1,352,850 is available to the 16...

  13. 76 FR 55000 - Notice of Agricultural Management Assistance Organic Certification Cost-Share Program

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-06

    ... Agricultural Marketing Service Notice of Agricultural Management Assistance Organic Certification Cost-Share... Applications from State Departments of Agriculture for the Agricultural Management Assistance Organic...) for the allocation of organic certification cost-share funds. The AMS has allocated $1.5 million...

  14. 42 CFR 431.57 - Waiver of cost-sharing requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Waiver of cost-sharing requirements. 431.57 Section... Requirements § 431.57 Waiver of cost-sharing requirements. (a) Sections 1916(a)(3) and 1916(b)(3) of the Act specify the circumstances under which the Secretary is authorized to waive the requirement that...

  15. 10 CFR 455.102 - Energy conservation measure cost-share credit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Energy conservation measure cost-share credit. 455.102 Section 455.102 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION GRANT PROGRAMS FOR SCHOOLS AND HOSPITALS... Energy conservation measure cost-share credit. To the extent a State provides in its State Plan, DOE...

  16. 10 CFR 455.102 - Energy conservation measure cost-share credit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Energy conservation measure cost-share credit. 455.102 Section 455.102 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION GRANT PROGRAMS FOR SCHOOLS AND HOSPITALS... Energy conservation measure cost-share credit. To the extent a State provides in its State Plan, DOE...

  17. 7 CFR 625.9 - 10-year restoration cost-share agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false 10-year restoration cost-share agreements. 625.9... restoration cost-share agreements. (a) The restoration plan developed under § 625.12 forms the basis for the...) Incorporate all portions of a restoration plan; (2) Be for a period of 10 years; (3) Include all provisions...

  18. 7 CFR 625.9 - 10-year restoration cost-share agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 6 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false 10-year restoration cost-share agreements. 625.9... restoration cost-share agreements. (a) The restoration plan developed under § 625.13 forms the basis for the... agreement will: (1) Incorporate all portions of a restoration plan; (2) Be for a period of 10 years;...

  19. 7 CFR 631.7 - Conservation treatment eligible for cost sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Conservation treatment eligible for cost sharing. 631... RESOURCES CONSERVATION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LONG TERM CONTRACTING GREAT PLAINS CONSERVATION PROGRAM General Provisions § 631.7 Conservation treatment eligible for cost sharing. (a) The...

  20. 47 CFR 27.1172 - Dispute Resolution Under the Cost-Sharing Plan.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... the clearinghouse, parties are encouraged to use expedited Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR... 47 Telecommunication 2 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Dispute Resolution Under the Cost-Sharing Plan... Mhz Bands § 27.1172 Dispute Resolution Under the Cost-Sharing Plan. (a) Disputes arising out of...

  1. 47 CFR 27.1188 - Dispute resolution under the Cost-Sharing Plan.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... clearinghouse, parties are encouraged to use expedited Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) procedures, such as... 47 Telecommunication 2 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Dispute resolution under the Cost-Sharing Plan... Band § 27.1188 Dispute resolution under the Cost-Sharing Plan. (a) Disputes arising out of the...

  2. 47 CFR 27.1188 - Dispute resolution under the Cost-Sharing Plan.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... clearinghouse, parties are encouraged to use expedited Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) procedures, such as... 47 Telecommunication 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Dispute resolution under the Cost-Sharing Plan... Band § 27.1188 Dispute resolution under the Cost-Sharing Plan. (a) Disputes arising out of the...

  3. 47 CFR 27.1172 - Dispute Resolution Under the Cost-Sharing Plan.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... the clearinghouse, parties are encouraged to use expedited Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR... 47 Telecommunication 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Dispute Resolution Under the Cost-Sharing Plan... Mhz Bands § 27.1172 Dispute Resolution Under the Cost-Sharing Plan. (a) Disputes arising out of...

  4. 42 CFR 447.59 - FFP: Conditions relating to cost sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false FFP: Conditions relating to cost sharing. 447.59 Section 447.59 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN... Financial Participation § 447.59 FFP: Conditions relating to cost sharing. No FFP in the...

  5. 10 CFR 603.525 - Value and reasonableness of the recipient's cost sharing contribution.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Value and reasonableness of the recipient's cost sharing contribution. 603.525 Section 603.525 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (CONTINUED) ASSISTANCE REGULATIONS TECHNOLOGY INVESTMENT AGREEMENTS Pre-Award Business Evaluation Cost Sharing § 603.525 Value and reasonableness of...

  6. 32 CFR 34.13 - Cost sharing or matching.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... following criteria: (1) They are verifiable from the recipient's records. (2) They are not included as... development (IR&D) costs. In accordance with the for-profit cost principle in 48 CFR 31.205-18(e), use of IR&D... of the IR&D as allowable indirect costs. In such cases, the IR&D must meet all of the criteria...

  7. The optimal negligence standard in health care under supply-side cost sharing.

    PubMed

    Olbrich, Anja

    2008-06-01

    This paper elaborates on the optimal negligence standard in a world where physicians choose their level of care subject to erroneous court judgements and to the degree of supply-side cost sharing. Uncertain liability in malpractice lawsuits leads physicians to provide excessive and insufficient care, which results in a loss of social welfare. The standard that maximizes welfare depends on the cost share: Under traditional, close to full cost reimbursement it is lower than the first-best level of care, while under substantial supply-side cost sharing it increases and may even exceed the first best.

  8. Using clinically nuanced cost sharing to enhance consumer access to specialty medications.

    PubMed

    Buxbaum, Jason; de Souza, Jonas; Fendrick, A Mark

    2014-06-01

    With specialty pharmaceutical prices on the rise, patients are often expected to pay anywhere from 30% to 50% of the specialty-tier drug price through co-insurance-based cost sharing. As these prices continue to climb, patients may choose lower-value medications for their medical needs or become nonadherent for cost-related reasons. Value-based insurance design implementations for specialty medications connect cost sharing and clinical value by moving high-value medications into lower-priced tiers, adjusting cost-sharing based on patient-specific variables, applying the "reward the good soldier" strategy, and encouraging patients to seek high-performing providers.

  9. Effects of a cost-sharing exemption on use of preventive services at one large employer.

    PubMed

    Busch, Susan H; Barry, Colleen L; Vegso, Sally J; Sindelar, Jody L; Cullen, Mark R

    2006-01-01

    In 2004, Alcoa introduced a new health benefit for a portion of its workforce, which eliminated cost sharing for preventive care while increasing cost sharing for many other services. In this era of increased consumerism, Alcoa's benefit redesign constituted an effort to reduce health care costs while preserving use of targeted services. Taking advantage of a unique natural experiment, we find that Alcoa was able to maintain rates of preventive service use. This evidence suggests that differential cost sharing can be used to preserve the use of critical health care services.

  10. 47 CFR 27.1164 - The cost-sharing formula.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    .../or modifications; back-up power equipment; monitoring or control equipment; engineering costs (design/path survey); installation; systems testing; FCC filing costs; site acquisition and civil works; zoning... engineering expenses. C may not exceed $250,000 per paired link, with an additional $150,000 permitted if...

  11. 28 CFR 70.23 - Cost sharing or matching.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... OTHER NON-PROFIT ORGANIZATIONS Post-Award Requirements Financial and Program Management § 70.23 Cost... other Federally-assisted project or program. (3) Are necessary and reasonable for proper and efficient accomplishment of project or program objectives. (4) Are allowable under the applicable cost principles. (5)...

  12. 28 CFR 66.24 - Matching or cost sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... of Federal funds. (4) Costs financed by program income. Costs financed by program income, as defined... expressly permitted in the terms of the assistance agreement. (This use of general program income is... allocating to individual projects or programs the value of the contributions. (iii) A third party...

  13. 43 CFR 12.64 - Matching or cost sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... REQUIREMENTS AND COST PRINCIPLES FOR ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS Uniform Administrative Requirements for Grants and... financed by program income. Costs financed by program income, as defined in § 12.65, shall not count... of the assistance agreement. (This use of general program income is described in § 12.65(g).)...

  14. 49 CFR 18.24 - Matching or cost sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... funds. (4) Costs financed by program income. Costs financed by program income, as defined in § 18.25... permitted in the terms of the assistance agreement. (This use of general program income is described in § 18... allocating to individual projects or programs the value of the contributions. (iii) A third party...

  15. 43 CFR 12.64 - Matching or cost sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... REQUIREMENTS AND COST PRINCIPLES FOR ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS Uniform Administrative Requirements for Grants and... financed by program income. Costs financed by program income, as defined in § 12.65, shall not count... of the assistance agreement. (This use of general program income is described in § 12.65(g).)...

  16. 43 CFR 12.64 - Matching or cost sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... REQUIREMENTS AND COST PRINCIPLES FOR ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS Uniform Administrative Requirements for Grants and... financed by program income. Costs financed by program income, as defined in § 12.65, shall not count... of the assistance agreement. (This use of general program income is described in § 12.65(g).)...

  17. 29 CFR 97.24 - Matching or cost sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... funds. (4) Costs financed by program income. Costs financed by program income, as defined in § 97.25... permitted in the terms of the assistance agreement. (This use of general program income is described in § 97... allocating to individual projects or programs the value of the contributions. (iii) A third party...

  18. 29 CFR 97.24 - Matching or cost sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... funds. (4) Costs financed by program income. Costs financed by program income, as defined in § 97.25... permitted in the terms of the assistance agreement. (This use of general program income is described in § 97... allocating to individual projects or programs the value of the contributions. (iii) A third party...

  19. 29 CFR 97.24 - Matching or cost sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... funds. (4) Costs financed by program income. Costs financed by program income, as defined in § 97.25... permitted in the terms of the assistance agreement. (This use of general program income is described in § 97... allocating to individual projects or programs the value of the contributions. (iii) A third party...

  20. 44 CFR 13.24 - Matching or cost sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... funds. (4) Costs financed by program income. Costs financed by program income, as defined in § 13.25... permitted in the terms of the assistance agreement. (This use of general program income is described in § 13... allocating to individual projects or programs the value of the contributions. (iii) A third party...

  1. 28 CFR 70.23 - Cost sharing or matching.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... OTHER NON-PROFIT ORGANIZATIONS Post-Award Requirements Financial and Program Management § 70.23 Cost... other Federally-assisted project or program. (3) Are necessary and reasonable for proper and efficient accomplishment of project or program objectives. (4) Are allowable under the applicable cost principles. (5)...

  2. 45 CFR 1157.24 - Matching or cost sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... funds. (4) Costs financed by program income. Costs financed by program income, as defined in § 1157.25... permitted in the terms of the assistance agreement. (This use of general program income is described in... allocating to individual projects or programs the value of the contributions. (iii) A third party...

  3. The Costs of Sharing: Attending to Contact in Composition Practices

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heard, Matthew

    2014-01-01

    "Sharing" is a ubiquitous yet largely unexamined term in composition scholarship and practice. Scholars and teachers use the term widely to talk about practices such as peer review, collaboration, and student-teacher conferences, all of which have been used to support the relevance of composition as a social and communal act. Yet, as…

  4. Shared Encoding and the Costs and Benefits of Collaborative Recall

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harris, Celia B.; Barnier, Amanda J.; Sutton, John

    2013-01-01

    We often remember in the company of others. In particular, we routinely collaborate with friends, family, or colleagues to remember shared experiences. But surprisingly, in the experimental collaborative recall paradigm, collaborative groups remember less than their potential, an effect termed "collaborative inhibition". Rajaram and…

  5. 48 CFR 1816.303-70 - Cost-sharing contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    .... 1816.303-70 Section 1816.303-70 Federal Acquisition Regulations System NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE... has no commercial, production, education, or service activities that would benefit from the results of...-sharing, the contracting officer shall consider the relative benefits to the contractor and the...

  6. 48 CFR 1816.303-70 - Cost-sharing contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    .... 1816.303-70 Section 1816.303-70 Federal Acquisition Regulations System NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE... has no commercial, production, education, or service activities that would benefit from the results of...-sharing, the contracting officer shall consider the relative benefits to the contractor and the...

  7. 48 CFR 1816.303-70 - Cost-sharing contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    .... 1816.303-70 Section 1816.303-70 Federal Acquisition Regulations System NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE... has no commercial, production, education, or service activities that would benefit from the results of...-sharing, the contracting officer shall consider the relative benefits to the contractor and the...

  8. Consumer Cost-Sharing in Marketplace vs. Employer Health Insurance Plans, 2015.

    PubMed

    Gabel, Jon; Whitmore, Heidi; Green, Matthew; Stromberg, Sam; Oran, Rebecca

    2015-12-01

    Using data from 49 states and Washington, D.C., we analyzed changes in cost-sharing under health plans offered to individuals and families through state and federal exchanges from 2014 to 2015. We examined eight vehicles for cost-sharing, including deductibles, copayments, coinsurance, and out-of-pocket limits, and compared findings with cost-sharing under employer-based insurance. We found cost-sharing under marketplace plans remained essentially unchanged from 2014 to 2015. Stable premiums during that period do not reflect greater costs borne by enrollees. Further, 56 percent of enrollees in marketplace plans attained cost-sharing reductions in 2015. However, for people without cost-sharing reductions, average copayments, deductibles, and out-of-pocket limits under catastrophic, bronze, and silver plans are considerably higher than under employer-based plans on average, while cost-sharing under gold plans is similar employer-based plans on average. Marketplace plans are far more likely than employer-based plans to require enrollees to meet deductibles before they receive coverage for prescription drugs.

  9. Consumer Cost-Sharing in Marketplace vs. Employer Health Insurance Plans, 2015.

    PubMed

    Gabel, Jon; Whitmore, Heidi; Green, Matthew; Stromberg, Sam; Oran, Rebecca

    2015-12-01

    Using data from 49 states and Washington, D.C., we analyzed changes in cost-sharing under health plans offered to individuals and families through state and federal exchanges from 2014 to 2015. We examined eight vehicles for cost-sharing, including deductibles, copayments, coinsurance, and out-of-pocket limits, and compared findings with cost-sharing under employer-based insurance. We found cost-sharing under marketplace plans remained essentially unchanged from 2014 to 2015. Stable premiums during that period do not reflect greater costs borne by enrollees. Further, 56 percent of enrollees in marketplace plans attained cost-sharing reductions in 2015. However, for people without cost-sharing reductions, average copayments, deductibles, and out-of-pocket limits under catastrophic, bronze, and silver plans are considerably higher than under employer-based plans on average, while cost-sharing under gold plans is similar employer-based plans on average. Marketplace plans are far more likely than employer-based plans to require enrollees to meet deductibles before they receive coverage for prescription drugs. PMID:26761957

  10. 45 CFR 2521.45 - What are the limitations on the Federal government's share of program costs?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...) Your share of member support costs must be non-Federal cash. (4) The Corporation's share of health care...'s share of program costs? 2521.45 Section 2521.45 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public... limitations on the Federal government's share of program costs? The limitations on the Federal...

  11. 45 CFR 2521.45 - What are the limitations on the Federal government's share of program costs?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...) Your share of member support costs must be non-Federal cash. (4) The Corporation's share of health care...'s share of program costs? 2521.45 Section 2521.45 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public... limitations on the Federal government's share of program costs? The limitations on the Federal...

  12. The Sanford Science Education Center: Addressing Key Design Challenges in Sharing Complex Science with Diverse Audiences

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Inverness Research, 2016

    2016-01-01

    In facilities throughout the United States and abroad, communities of scientists share infrastructure, instrumentation, and equipment to conduct scientific research. In these large facilities--laboratories, accelerators, telescope arrays, and research vessels--scientists are researching key questions that have the potential to make a significant…

  13. The Current and Projected Taxpayer Shares of US Health Costs

    PubMed Central

    Woolhandler, Steffie

    2016-01-01

    Objectives. We estimated taxpayers’ current and projected share of US health expenditures, including government payments for public employees’ health benefits as well as tax subsidies to private health spending. Methods. We tabulated official Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services figures on direct government spending for health programs and public employees’ health benefits for 2013, and projected figures through 2024. We calculated the value of tax subsidies for private spending from official federal budget documents and figures for state and local tax collections. Results. Tax-funded health expenditures totaled $1.877 trillion in 2013 and are projected to increase to $3.642 trillion in 2024. Government’s share of overall health spending was 64.3% of national health expenditures in 2013 and will rise to 67.1% in 2024. Government health expenditures in the United States account for a larger share of gross domestic product (11.2% in 2013) than do total health expenditures in any other nation. Conclusions. Contrary to public perceptions and official Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services estimates, government funds most health care in the United States. Appreciation of government’s predominant role in health funding might encourage more appropriate and equitable targeting of health expenditures. PMID:26794173

  14. Recent proposals to limit Medigap coverage and modify Medicare cost sharing.

    PubMed

    Linehan, Kathryn

    2012-02-24

    As policymakers look for savings from the Medicare program, some have proposed eliminating or discouraging "first-dollar coverage" available through privately purchased Medigap policies. Medigap coverage, which beneficiaries obtain to protect themselves from Medicare's cost-sharing requirements and its lack of a cap on out-of-pocket spending, may discourage the judicious use of medical services by reducing or eliminating beneficiary cost sharing. It is estimated that eliminating such coverage, which has been shown to be associated with higher Medicare spending, and requiring some cost sharing would encourage beneficiaries to reduce their service use and thus reduce pro­gram spending. However, eliminating first-dollar coverage could cause some beneficiaries to incur higher spending or forego necessary services. Some policy proposals to eliminate first-dollar coverage would also modify Medicare's cost sharing and add an out-of-pocket spending cap for fee-for-service Medicare. This paper discusses Medicare's current cost-sharing requirements, Medigap insurance, and proposals to modify Medicare's cost sharing and eliminate first-dollar coverage in Medigap plans. It reviews the evidence on the effects of first-dollar coverage on spending, some objections to eliminating first-dollar coverage, and results of research that has modeled the impact of eliminating first-dollar coverage, modifying Medicare's cost-sharing requirements, and adding an out-of-pocket limit on beneficiaries' spending.

  15. 7 CFR 1484.50 - What cost share contributions are eligible?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... MARKETS FOR AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES Contributions and Reimbursements § 1484.50 What cost share... will be made in furtherance of the Cooperator's overall foreign market development program; (2) The... expenses; (7) The cost of business cards; (8) The cost of seasonal greeting cards; (9) Fees for...

  16. Eliminating cost-sharing requirements for colon cancer screening in Medicare.

    PubMed

    Howard, David H; Guy, Gery P; Ekwueme, Donatus U

    2014-12-15

    Medicare beneficiaries do not have to pay for screening colonoscopies but must pay coinsurance if a polyp is removed via polypectomy. Likewise, beneficiaries do not have to pay for fecal occult blood tests but are liable for cost-sharing for diagnostic colonoscopies after a positive test. Legislative and regulatory requirements related to colorectal cancer screening are described, and on the basis of Medicare claims, it is estimated that Medicare spending would increase by $48 million annually if Medicare were to waive cost-sharing requirements for these services. The economic impact on Medicare if beneficiaries were not responsible for any cost-sharing requirements related to colorectal cancer screening services is described.

  17. Blue Cross market share, economies of scale, and cost containment effort.

    PubMed

    Feldman, R; Greenberg, W

    1981-01-01

    This paper examines two components of the hospital insurance market structure-market share and the absolute number of enrollees in Blue Cross plans-to ascertain whether market structure affects the willingness of Blue Cross plans to use cost control measure. Empirical estimates show that larger plans are more likely to use prospective reimbursement, pre-admission testing, and concurrent review. Market share, however, has a positive effect only on concurrent review. We suggest that there are economies of scale to cost control efforts, but that high market share generally does not lead to increased cost-consciousness.

  18. 48 CFR 1816.303-70 - Cost-sharing contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... has no commercial, production, education, or service activities that would benefit from the results of... not-for-profit organizations. (1) Costs to perform research stemming from an unsolicited proposal by... contracts and grants as part of an independent research and development program....

  19. 48 CFR 1816.303-70 - Cost-sharing contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... has no commercial, production, education, or service activities that would benefit from the results of... not-for-profit organizations. (1) Costs to perform research stemming from an unsolicited proposal by... contracts and grants as part of an independent research and development program....

  20. 14 CFR 1273.24 - Matching or cost sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... party in-kind contribution is a type not treated in those sections, the value placed upon it shall be... subgrantee, the treatment of the donated property will depend upon the purpose of the grant or subgrant, as... property are not treated as third party in-kind contributions. Instead, they are treated as costs...

  1. 10 CFR 600.123 - Cost sharing or matching.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... federally-assisted project or program. (3) Are necessary and reasonable for proper and efficient accomplishment of project or program objectives. (4) Are allowable under the applicable cost principles. (5) Are... project or program. Rates for volunteer services shall be consistent with those paid for similar work...

  2. 43 CFR 12.923 - Cost sharing or matching.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... REQUIREMENTS AND COST PRINCIPLES FOR ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS Uniform Administrative Requirements for Grants and... contributions for any other Federally-assisted project or program. (3) Are necessary and reasonable for proper and efficient accomplishment of project or program objectives. (4) Are allowable under the...

  3. 45 CFR 2541.240 - Matching or cost sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... program income. Costs financed by program income, as defined in § 2541.250, shall not count towards... assistance agreement. (This use of general program income is described in § 2541.250(g).) (5) Services or... individual projects or programs the value of the contributions. (iii) A third party in-kind contribution to...

  4. 41 CFR 105-71.124 - Matching or cost sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... financed by program income. Costs financed by program income, as defined in § 105-71.125, shall not count... of the assistance agreement. (This use of general program income is described in § 105-71.125(g).) (5... individual projects or programs the value of contributions. (iii) A third party in-kind contribution to...

  5. 36 CFR 1207.24 - Matching or cost sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... financed by program income. Costs financed by program income, as defined in § 1207.25, shall not count... of the assistance agreement. (This use of general program income is described in § 1207.25(g).) (5... individual projects or programs the value of the contributions. (iii) A third party in-kind contribution to...

  6. 43 CFR 12.923 - Cost sharing or matching.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... REQUIREMENTS AND COST PRINCIPLES FOR ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS Uniform Administrative Requirements for Grants and... contributions for any other Federally-assisted project or program. (3) Are necessary and reasonable for proper and efficient accomplishment of project or program objectives. (4) Are allowable under the...

  7. 43 CFR 12.923 - Cost sharing or matching.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... REQUIREMENTS AND COST PRINCIPLES FOR ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS Uniform Administrative Requirements for Grants and... contributions for any other Federally-assisted project or program. (3) Are necessary and reasonable for proper and efficient accomplishment of project or program objectives. (4) Are allowable under the...

  8. 45 CFR 2541.240 - Matching or cost sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... program income. Costs financed by program income, as defined in § 2541.250, shall not count towards... assistance agreement. (This use of general program income is described in § 2541.250(g).) (5) Services or... individual projects or programs the value of the contributions. (iii) A third party in-kind contribution to...

  9. 32 CFR 33.24 - Matching or cost sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... financed by program income. Costs financed by program income, as defined in § 33.25, shall not count... of the assistance agreement. (This use of general program income is described in § 33.25(g).) (5... individual projects or programs the value of the contributions. (iii) A third party in-kind contribution to...

  10. 10 CFR 600.123 - Cost sharing or matching.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... federally-assisted project or program. (3) Are necessary and reasonable for proper and efficient accomplishment of project or program objectives. (4) Are allowable under the applicable cost principles. (5) Are... project or program. Rates for volunteer services shall be consistent with those paid for similar work...

  11. 41 CFR 105-71.124 - Matching or cost sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... financed by program income. Costs financed by program income, as defined in § 105-71.125, shall not count... of the assistance agreement. (This use of general program income is described in § 105-71.125(g).) (5... individual projects or programs the value of contributions. (iii) A third party in-kind contribution to...

  12. 40 CFR 31.24 - Matching or cost sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... financed by program income. Costs financed by program income, as defined in § 31.25, shall not count... of the assistance agreement. (This use of general program income is described in § 31.25(g).) (5... individual projects or programs the value of the contributions. (iii) A third party in-kind contribution to...

  13. 45 CFR 2541.240 - Matching or cost sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... program income. Costs financed by program income, as defined in § 2541.250, shall not count towards... assistance agreement. (This use of general program income is described in § 2541.250(g).) (5) Services or... individual projects or programs the value of the contributions. (iii) A third party in-kind contribution to...

  14. 32 CFR 33.24 - Matching or cost sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... financed by program income. Costs financed by program income, as defined in § 33.25, shall not count... of the assistance agreement. (This use of general program income is described in § 33.25(g).) (5... individual projects or programs the value of the contributions. (iii) A third party in-kind contribution to...

  15. 10 CFR 600.123 - Cost sharing or matching.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... federally-assisted project or program. (3) Are necessary and reasonable for proper and efficient accomplishment of project or program objectives. (4) Are allowable under the applicable cost principles. (5) Are... project or program. Rates for volunteer services shall be consistent with those paid for similar work...

  16. 40 CFR 31.24 - Matching or cost sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... financed by program income. Costs financed by program income, as defined in § 31.25, shall not count... of the assistance agreement. (This use of general program income is described in § 31.25(g).) (5... individual projects or programs the value of the contributions. (iii) A third party in-kind contribution to...

  17. 40 CFR 30.23 - Cost sharing or matching.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... accordance with the applicable cost principles. If, after consultation with Agency property management..., HOSPITALS, AND OTHER NON-PROFIT ORGANIZATIONS Post-Award Requirements Financial and Program Management § 30... remaining life of the property recorded in the recipient's accounting records at the time of donation....

  18. 28 CFR 70.23 - Cost sharing or matching.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... OTHER NON-PROFIT ORGANIZATIONS Post-Award Requirements Financial and Program Management § 70.23 Cost... of the property recorded in the recipient's accounting records at the time of donation. (2) The... donated property must be determined in accordance with the usual accounting policies of the...

  19. 28 CFR 70.23 - Cost sharing or matching.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... OTHER NON-PROFIT ORGANIZATIONS Post-Award Requirements Financial and Program Management § 70.23 Cost... of the property recorded in the recipient's accounting records at the time of donation. (2) The... donated property must be determined in accordance with the usual accounting policies of the...

  20. 28 CFR 70.23 - Cost sharing or matching.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... OTHER NON-PROFIT ORGANIZATIONS Post-Award Requirements Financial and Program Management § 70.23 Cost... of the property recorded in the recipient's accounting records at the time of donation. (2) The... donated property must be determined in accordance with the usual accounting policies of the...

  1. 32 CFR 3.6 - Limitations on cost-sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... counted as provided, or to be provided, by the business units of an awardee or subawardee participating in... the OT agreement becomes effective. Costs that were incurred for a prototype project by the business... before the OT agreement became effective in order to ensure the successful implementation of the...

  2. 40 CFR 30.23 - Cost sharing or matching.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ..., HOSPITALS, AND OTHER NON-PROFIT ORGANIZATIONS Post-Award Requirements Financial and Program Management § 30... accordance with the applicable cost principles. If, after consultation with Agency property management... property management personnel, has approved the charges. (h) The value of donated property shall...

  3. 38 CFR 43.24 - Matching or cost sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... consistent with those ordinarily paid by other employers for similar work in the same labor market. In either... approved as an allowable direct cost. If any part of the donated property was acquired with Federal funds... donated. (f) Valuation of grantee or subgrantee donated real property for construction/acquisition. If...

  4. 40 CFR 31.24 - Matching or cost sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... consistent with those ordinarily paid by other employers for similar work in the same labor market. In either... approved as an allowable direct cost. If any part of the donated property was acquired with Federal funds... donated. (f) Valuation of grantee or subgrantee donated real property for construction/acquisition. If...

  5. 32 CFR 33.24 - Matching or cost sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... consistent with those ordinarily paid by other employers for similar work in the same labor market. In either... approved as an allowable direct cost. If any part of the donated property was acquired with Federal funds... donated. (f) Valuation of grantee or subgrantee donated real property for construction/acquisition. If...

  6. Cost Sharing in Public Universities: A Kenyan Case Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rodrigues, Anthony J.; Wandiga, Shem O.

    1997-01-01

    Presents an analysis of government policy on higher education finance in Kenya, outlines parameters of an appropriate tuition policy (cost recovery, equity, equal access, affordability, student loan program objectives), and provides a model for simulating loan program outcomes. Suggests several proposed policy and administrative reforms concerning…

  7. How Will the Affordable Care Act's Cost-Sharing Reductions Affect Consumers' Out-of-Pocket Costs in 2016?

    PubMed

    Collins, Sara R; Gunja, Munira; Beutel, Sophie

    2016-03-01

    Health insurers selling plans in the Affordable Care Act's market­places are required to reduce cost-sharing in silver plans for low- and moderate-income people earning between 100 percent and 250 percent of the federal pov­erty level. In 2016, as many as 7 million Americans may have plans with these cost-sharing reductions. In the largest markets in the 38 states using the federal website for marketplace enrollment, the cost-sharing reductions substantially lower projected out-of-pocket costs for people who qualify for them. However, the degree to which consumers' out-of-pocket spending will fall varies by plan and how much health care they use. This is because insurers use deductibles, out-of-pocket limits, and copayments in different combinations to lower cost-sharing for eligible enrollees. In 2017, marketplace insurers will have the option of offering standard plans, which may help simplify consumers' choices and lead to more equal cost-sharing.

  8. How Will the Affordable Care Act's Cost-Sharing Reductions Affect Consumers' Out-of-Pocket Costs in 2016?

    PubMed

    Collins, Sara R; Gunja, Munira; Beutel, Sophie

    2016-03-01

    Health insurers selling plans in the Affordable Care Act's market­places are required to reduce cost-sharing in silver plans for low- and moderate-income people earning between 100 percent and 250 percent of the federal pov­erty level. In 2016, as many as 7 million Americans may have plans with these cost-sharing reductions. In the largest markets in the 38 states using the federal website for marketplace enrollment, the cost-sharing reductions substantially lower projected out-of-pocket costs for people who qualify for them. However, the degree to which consumers' out-of-pocket spending will fall varies by plan and how much health care they use. This is because insurers use deductibles, out-of-pocket limits, and copayments in different combinations to lower cost-sharing for eligible enrollees. In 2017, marketplace insurers will have the option of offering standard plans, which may help simplify consumers' choices and lead to more equal cost-sharing. PMID:27017638

  9. Addressing Barriers to Shared Decision Making Among Latino LGBTQ Patients and Healthcare Providers in Clinical Settings.

    PubMed

    Baig, Arshiya A; Lopez, Fanny Y; DeMeester, Rachel H; Jia, Justin L; Peek, Monica E; Vela, Monica B

    2016-10-01

    Effective shared decision making (SDM) between patients and healthcare providers has been positively associated with health outcomes. However, little is known about the SDM process between Latino patients who identify as lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, or queer (LGBTQ), and their healthcare providers. Our review of the literature identified unique aspects of Latino LGBTQ persons' culture, health beliefs, and experiences that may affect their ability to engage in SDM with their healthcare providers. Further research needs to examine Latino LGBTQ patient-provider experiences with SDM and develop tools that can better facilitate SDM in this patient population. PMID:27617356

  10. Addressing Barriers to Shared Decision Making Among Latino LGBTQ Patients and Healthcare Providers in Clinical Settings

    PubMed Central

    Lopez, Fanny Y.; DeMeester, Rachel H.; Jia, Justin L.; Peek, Monica E.; Vela, Monica B.

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Effective shared decision making (SDM) between patients and healthcare providers has been positively associated with health outcomes. However, little is known about the SDM process between Latino patients who identify as lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, or queer (LGBTQ), and their healthcare providers. Our review of the literature identified unique aspects of Latino LGBTQ persons’ culture, health beliefs, and experiences that may affect their ability to engage in SDM with their healthcare providers. Further research needs to examine Latino LGBTQ patient–provider experiences with SDM and develop tools that can better facilitate SDM in this patient population. PMID:27617356

  11. Assessing strategies to address transition costs in a restructuring electricity industry

    SciTech Connect

    Baxter, L.; Hadley, S.; Hirst, E.

    1996-08-01

    Restructuring the US electricity industry has become the nation`s central energy issue for the 1990s. Restructuring proposals at the federal and state levels focus on more competitive market structures for generation and the integration of transmission within those structures. The proposed move to more competitive generation markets will expose utility costs that are above those experienced by alternative suppliers. Debate about these above-market, or transition, costs (e.g., their size,who will pay for them and how) has played a prominent role in restructuring proceedings. This paper presents results from a project to systematically assess strategies to address transition costs exposed by restructuring the electricity industry.

  12. On international cost-sharing of pharmaceutical R&D.

    PubMed

    Barros, Pedro Pita; Martinez-Giralt, Xavier

    2008-12-01

    Ramsey pricing has been proposed in the pharmaceutical industry as a principle to price discriminate among markets while allowing to recover the (fixed) R&D cost. However, such analyses neglect the presence of insurance or the fund raising costs for most of drug reimbursement. By incorporating these new elements, we aim at providing some building blocks towards an economic theory incorporating Ramsey pricing and insurance coverage. We show how coinsurance affects the optimal prices to pay for the R&D investment. We also show that under certain conditions, there is no strategic incentive by governments to set coinsurance rates in order to shift the financial burden of R&D. This will have important implications to the application of Ramsey pricing principles to pharmaceutical products across countries.

  13. Plan choice, health insurance cost and premium sharing.

    PubMed

    Kosteas, Vasilios D; Renna, Francesco

    2014-05-01

    We develop a model of premium sharing for firms that offer multiple insurance plans. We assume that firms offer one low quality plan and one high quality plan. Under the assumption of wage rigidities we found that the employee's contribution to each plan is an increasing function of that plan's premium. The effect of the other plan's premium is ambiguous. We test our hypothesis using data from the Employer Health Benefit Survey. Restricting the analysis to firms that offer both HMO and PPO plans, we measure the amount of the premium passed on to employees in response to a change in both premiums. We find evidence of large and positive effects of the increase in the plan's premium on the amount of the premium passed on to employees. The effect of the alternative plan's premium is negative but statistically significant only for the PPO plans.

  14. Behavioral healthcare risk-sharing and medical cost offset.

    PubMed

    Melek, S P

    1996-10-01

    Medical offset savings have been demonstrated clearly and repeatedly in a variety of settings. Taking advantage of these savings improves quality of care and lowers direct healthcare expenditures. However, most organized systems of care lack the infrastructure or incentives to measure offset savings, nor can they recycle these savings to find the behavioral services required to produce cost off-sets. The author provides actuarial models and case studies to demonstrate how this problem can be solved. PMID:10161573

  15. Competition and the public interest: Addressing strandable benefits and strandable costs in a restructured electric industry

    SciTech Connect

    1995-11-01

    Ten papers presented at the Conference on Competition and the Public Interest: Addressing Standable Benefits and Standable Costs in a Restractured Electric Industry are abstracted and indexed sparately for the Energy Science and Technology Database. The Conference was held in Gatlinburg, Tennessee on September 10-13, 1995.

  16. Evaluation of cost-effective aeration technology solutions to address total trihalomethane (TTHM) compliance

    EPA Science Inventory

    The primary objective of this project was to evaluate cost-effective aeration technology solutions to address TTHM compliance at a water treatment plant clearwell. The project team worked closely with EPA Region 6 and the EPA Office of Research and Development (ORD) to identify a...

  17. 47 CFR 27.1190 - Termination of cost-sharing obligations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... relocation will sunset for all AWS entities fifteen years after the relocation sunset period for BRS...-2162 MHz band. AWS entrants that trigger a cost-sharing obligation prior to the sunset date...

  18. 47 CFR 27.1190 - Termination of cost-sharing obligations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... relocation will sunset for all AWS entities fifteen years after the relocation sunset period for BRS...-2162 MHz band. AWS entrants that trigger a cost-sharing obligation prior to the sunset date...

  19. 47 CFR 27.1174 - Termination of cost-sharing obligations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... sunset for all AWS and MSS entities on the same date on which the relocation obligation for the subject... sunset date must satisfy their payment obligation in full. Cost-Sharing Policies Governing...

  20. 47 CFR 27.1190 - Termination of cost-sharing obligations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... relocation will sunset for all AWS entities fifteen years after the relocation sunset period for BRS...-2162 MHz band. AWS entrants that trigger a cost-sharing obligation prior to the sunset date...

  1. 47 CFR 27.1190 - Termination of cost-sharing obligations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... connection with BRS relocation will sunset for all AWS entities fifteen years after the relocation sunset... part of the 2150-2162 MHz band. AWS entrants that trigger a cost-sharing obligation prior to the...

  2. 47 CFR 27.1166 - Reimbursement under the Cost-Sharing Plan.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... Cost-Sharing Policies Governing Microwave Relocation from the 2110-2150 Mhz and 2160-2200 Mhz Bands... microwave incumbent a monetary sum to relocate its own facilities, the AWS relocator must estimate the...

  3. 47 CFR 27.1182 - Reimbursement under the Cost-Sharing Plan.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Cost-Sharing Policies Governing Broadband Radio Service Relocation from the 2150-2160/62 Mhz Band § 27... averaged over numerous systems). If an AWS relocator pays a BRS incumbent a monetary sum to relocate...

  4. 47 CFR 27.1166 - Reimbursement under the Cost-Sharing Plan.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Cost-Sharing Policies Governing Microwave Relocation from the 2110-2150 Mhz and 2160-2200 Mhz Bands... microwave incumbent a monetary sum to relocate its own facilities, the AWS relocator must estimate the...

  5. 47 CFR 27.1182 - Reimbursement under the Cost-Sharing Plan.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... Cost-Sharing Policies Governing Broadband Radio Service Relocation from the 2150-2160/62 Mhz Band § 27... averaged over numerous systems). If an AWS relocator pays a BRS incumbent a monetary sum to relocate...

  6. Trends in cost sharing among selected high income countries--2000-2010.

    PubMed

    Hossein, Zare; Gerard, Anderson

    2013-09-01

    Many high income countries increased their level of patient cost sharing between 2000 and 2010 as one component of their policy agenda to reduce the level of health care spending. We use data from the OECD, European Observatory, and country-specific resources to analyze trends in the UK, Germany, Japan, France, and the United States. Some forms of cost sharing-deductibles, co-insurance, or co-payments-increased in all these countries, with the highest rates of increase occurring in the pharmaceutical sector. In spite of higher levels of cost-sharing, out-of-pocket spending as a percentage of total spending remained unchanged in most of these countries because they instituted programs to protect certain categories of individuals by creating out-of-pocket limits, exempting people with certain chronic diseases, or eliminating cost sharing for certain demographic groups and low-income people.

  7. Coordinating Cognition: The Costs and Benefits of Shared Gaze during Collaborative Search

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brennan, Susan E.; Chen, Xin; Dickinson, Christopher A.; Neider, Mark B.; Zelinsky, Gregory J.

    2008-01-01

    Collaboration has its benefits, but coordination has its costs. We explored the potential for remotely located pairs of people to collaborate during visual search, using shared gaze and speech. Pairs of searchers wearing eyetrackers jointly performed an O-in-Qs search task alone, or in one of three collaboration conditions: shared gaze (with one…

  8. Distribution and sharing of palliative care costs in rural areas of Canada.

    PubMed

    Dumont, Serge; Jacobs, Philip; Turcotte, Véronique; Turcotte, Stéphane; Johnston, Grace

    2014-01-01

    Few data are available on the costs occurring during the palliative phase of care and on the sharing of these costs in rural areas. This study aimed to evaluate the costs related to all resources used by rural palliative care patients and to examine how these costs were shared between the public healthcare system (PHCS), patients' families, and not-for-profit organizations (NFPOs). A prospective longitudinal study was undertaken of 82 palliative care patients and their main informal caregivers in rural areas of four Canadian provinces. Telephone interviews were completed at two-week intervals. The mean total cost per patient for a six-month participation in a palliative care program was CA$31,678 +/- 1,160. A large part of this cost was attributable to inpatient hospital stays and was assumed by the PHCS. The patient's family contributed less than a quarter of the mean total cost per patient, and this was mainly attributable to caregiving time.

  9. Precompetitive Data Sharing as a Catalyst to Address Unmet Needs in Parkinson's Disease.

    PubMed

    Stephenson, Diane; Hu, Michele T; Romero, Klaus; Breen, Kieran; Burn, David; Ben-Shlomo, Yoav; Bhattaram, Atul; Isaac, Maria; Venuto, Charles; Kubota, Ken; Little, Max A; Friend, Stephen; Lovestone, Simon; Morris, Huw R; Grosset, Donald; Sutherland, Margaret; Gallacher, John; Williams-Gray, Caroline; Bain, Lisa J; Avilés, Enrique; Marek, Ken; Toga, Arthur W; Stark, Yafit; Forrest Gordon, Mark; Ford, Steve

    2015-01-01

    Parkinson's disease is a complex heterogeneous disorder with urgent need for disease-modifying therapies. Progress in successful therapeutic approaches for PD will require an unprecedented level of collaboration. At a workshop hosted by Parkinson's UK and co-organized by Critical Path Institute's (C-Path) Coalition Against Major Diseases (CAMD) Consortiums, investigators from industry, academia, government and regulatory agencies agreed on the need for sharing of data to enable future success. Government agencies included EMA, FDA, NINDS/NIH and IMI (Innovative Medicines Initiative). Emerging discoveries in new biomarkers and genetic endophenotypes are contributing to our understanding of the underlying pathophysiology of PD. In parallel there is growing recognition that early intervention will be key for successful treatments aimed at disease modification. At present, there is a lack of a comprehensive understanding of disease progression and the many factors that contribute to disease progression heterogeneity. Novel therapeutic targets and trial designs that incorporate existing and new biomarkers to evaluate drug effects independently and in combination are required. The integration of robust clinical data sets is viewed as a powerful approach to hasten medical discovery and therapies, as is being realized across diverse disease conditions employing big data analytics for healthcare. The application of lessons learned from parallel efforts is critical to identify barriers and enable a viable path forward. A roadmap is presented for a regulatory, academic, industry and advocacy driven integrated initiative that aims to facilitate and streamline new drug trials and registrations in Parkinson's disease. PMID:26406139

  10. Precompetitive Data Sharing as a Catalyst to Address Unmet Needs in Parkinson's Disease.

    PubMed

    Stephenson, Diane; Hu, Michele T; Romero, Klaus; Breen, Kieran; Burn, David; Ben-Shlomo, Yoav; Bhattaram, Atul; Isaac, Maria; Venuto, Charles; Kubota, Ken; Little, Max A; Friend, Stephen; Lovestone, Simon; Morris, Huw R; Grosset, Donald; Sutherland, Margaret; Gallacher, John; Williams-Gray, Caroline; Bain, Lisa J; Avilés, Enrique; Marek, Ken; Toga, Arthur W; Stark, Yafit; Forrest Gordon, Mark; Ford, Steve

    2015-01-01

    Parkinson's disease is a complex heterogeneous disorder with urgent need for disease-modifying therapies. Progress in successful therapeutic approaches for PD will require an unprecedented level of collaboration. At a workshop hosted by Parkinson's UK and co-organized by Critical Path Institute's (C-Path) Coalition Against Major Diseases (CAMD) Consortiums, investigators from industry, academia, government and regulatory agencies agreed on the need for sharing of data to enable future success. Government agencies included EMA, FDA, NINDS/NIH and IMI (Innovative Medicines Initiative). Emerging discoveries in new biomarkers and genetic endophenotypes are contributing to our understanding of the underlying pathophysiology of PD. In parallel there is growing recognition that early intervention will be key for successful treatments aimed at disease modification. At present, there is a lack of a comprehensive understanding of disease progression and the many factors that contribute to disease progression heterogeneity. Novel therapeutic targets and trial designs that incorporate existing and new biomarkers to evaluate drug effects independently and in combination are required. The integration of robust clinical data sets is viewed as a powerful approach to hasten medical discovery and therapies, as is being realized across diverse disease conditions employing big data analytics for healthcare. The application of lessons learned from parallel efforts is critical to identify barriers and enable a viable path forward. A roadmap is presented for a regulatory, academic, industry and advocacy driven integrated initiative that aims to facilitate and streamline new drug trials and registrations in Parkinson's disease.

  11. Exploring the Cost and Value of Private versus Shared Bedrooms in Nursing Homes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Calkins, Margaret; Cassella, Christine

    2007-01-01

    Purpose: There is debate about the relative merits and costs of private versus shared bedrooms in nursing homes, particularly in light of the current efforts at creating both cost-efficient and person-centered care facilities. The purpose of this project was to explore the extent to which there is evidence-based information that supports the…

  12. Is Job Sharing Worthwhile? A Cost-Benefit Analysis in UK Universities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harris, Geoff

    1997-01-01

    Data from a survey of personnel directors in United Kingdom universities were used to conduct a cost-benefit analysis of job sharing from the institutions' perspective. Results show a 5% rise in productivity would raise the ratio of benefits to cost to 14.3 to 1. Retention of staff, reduction of stress, and reduced unemployment are also benefits.…

  13. 36 CFR 230.42 - Cost-share assistance application and payment procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Cost-share assistance application and payment procedures. 230.42 Section 230.42 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE... areas by reserving the maximum rate of 75 percent of the total costs for the practices and areas...

  14. 36 CFR 230.42 - Cost-share assistance application and payment procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Cost-share assistance application and payment procedures. 230.42 Section 230.42 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE... areas by reserving the maximum rate of 75 percent of the total costs for the practices and areas...

  15. 32 CFR 37.550 - May I accept intellectual property as cost sharing?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... software) as cost sharing, because: (1) It is difficult to assign values to these intangible contributions... offer the use of commercially available software for which there is an established license fee for use of the product. The costs of the development of the software would not be a reasonable basis...

  16. 32 CFR 37.550 - May I accept intellectual property as cost sharing?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... software) as cost sharing, because: (1) It is difficult to assign values to these intangible contributions... offer the use of commercially available software for which there is an established license fee for use of the product. The costs of the development of the software would not be a reasonable basis...

  17. 33 CFR 241.5 - Procedures for estimating the alternative cost-share.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    .... Determine the maximum possible reduction in the level of non-Federal cost-sharing for any project. (1) Calculate the ratio of flood control benefits (developed using the Water Resources Council's Principles and... construction without a benefit-cost ratio calculated in accordance with the Principles and...

  18. 48 CFR 1516.303-75 - Amount of cost-sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Amount of cost-sharing. 1516.303-75 Section 1516.303-75 Federal Acquisition Regulations System ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES TYPES OF CONTRACTS Cost-Reimbursement Contracts 1516.303-75 Amount...

  19. 34 CFR 421.30 - What is the cost-sharing requirement?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What is the cost-sharing requirement? 421.30 Section 421.30 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF... shall provide at least 50 percent of the cost of the business-labor-education technical...

  20. Predictors of physicians' attitudes toward sharing information with patients and addressing psychosocial needs: a cross-sectional study in Greece.

    PubMed

    Tsimtsiou, Zoi; Benos, Alexios; Garyfallos, Alexandros A; Hatzichristou, Dimitrios

    2012-01-01

    Sharing information with patients and addressing their psychosocial needs are recognized as fundamental practices of patient-centered physicians. Our study explored predictors of physicians' patient-centered attitudes and yielded a better understanding of the relative influences of job satisfaction, employment status, specialty, previous communication skills training, and sociodemographic factors. Physicians who participated in 13 identical workshops offered throughout Greece were invited to complete a battery of anonymous questionnaires (demographics, job satisfaction scale, Patient-Practitioner Orientation Scale-Sharing subscale, and Physician Belief Scale). Prediction models were used to identify predictors of patient-centered attitudes. In total, 400 fully completed questionnaires were returned (response rate 79.8%). Job satisfaction, previous training in communication skills, younger age and lower socioeconomic status were predictors of positive attitudes toward sharing information with patients. Job satisfaction, previous training in communication skills, and stronger religious beliefs were predictors of higher psychosocial orientation. Job satisfaction and training in communication skills should be ensured in the effort to develop and maintain patient-centered attitudes in physicians. Religious beliefs, age, and socioeconomic status should be taken into consideration in the effort to help physicians become aware of their biases. PMID:21879812

  1. The Effect of Infrastructure Sharing in Estimating Operations Cost of Future Space Transportation Systems

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Sundaram, Meenakshi

    2005-01-01

    NASA and the aerospace industry are extremely serious about reducing the cost and improving the performance of launch vehicles both manned or unmanned. In the aerospace industry, sharing infrastructure for manufacturing more than one type spacecraft is becoming a trend to achieve economy of scale. An example is the Boeing Decatur facility where both Delta II and Delta IV launch vehicles are made. The author is not sure how Boeing estimates the costs of each spacecraft made in the same facility. Regardless of how a contractor estimates the cost, NASA in its popular cost estimating tool, NASA Air force Cost Modeling (NAFCOM) has to have a method built in to account for the effect of infrastructure sharing. Since there is no provision in the most recent version of NAFCOM2002 to take care of this, it has been found by the Engineering Cost Community at MSFC that the tool overestimates the manufacturing cost by as much as 30%. Therefore, the objective of this study is to develop a methodology to assess the impact of infrastructure sharing so that better operations cost estimates may be made.

  2. Access to cancer drugs in Medicare Part D: formulary placement and beneficiary cost sharing in 2006.

    PubMed

    Bowman, Jennifer; Rousseau, Amy; Silk, David; Harrison, Catherine

    2006-01-01

    The Medicare Part D benefit expands the universe of cancer drugs and biologics that Medicare may cover. Individual Part D plans have discretion to determine their formularies and cost sharing for drugs within federal guidelines. This paper analyzes differences in coverage and cost sharing for cancer drugs among these plans. We find that many cancer drugs, including brand-name products, are covered by almost all plans, although prior authorization might limit access to some. In addition, many plans charge a relatively low copayment for most cancer drugs. These findings suggest that Part D could greatly expand beneficiaries' access to cancer treatments.

  3. Food fortification for addressing iron deficiency in Filipino children: benefits and cost-effectiveness.

    PubMed

    Detzel, Patrick; Wieser, Simon

    2015-01-01

    Iron deficiency is one of the most widespread nutritional disorders in both developing and industrialized countries, making it a global public health concern. Anemia, mainly due to iron deficiency, affects one third of the world's population and is concentrated in women and children below 5 years of age. Iron deficiency anemia has a profound impact on human health and productivity, and the effects of iron deficiency are especially pronounced in the first 1,000 days of life. This critical window of time sets the stage for an individual's future physiological and cognitive health, underscoring the importance of addressing iron deficiency in infants and young children. This review focuses on the use of fortified foods as a cost-effective tool for addressing iron deficiency in infants and young children in the Philippines.

  4. Mental health parity legislation, cost-sharing and substance-abuse treatment admissions.

    PubMed

    Dave, Dhaval; Mukerjee, Swati

    2011-02-01

    Treatment is highly cost-effective in reducing an individual's substance abuse (SA) and associated harms. However, data from Treatment Episodes (TEDS) indicate that per capita treatment admissions substantially lagged behind increases in heavy drug use from 1992 to 2007. Only 10% of individuals with clinical SA disorders receive treatment, and almost half who forgo treatment point to accessibility and cost constraints as barriers to care. This study investigates the impact of state mental health and SA parity legislation on treatment admission flows and cost-sharing. Fixed effects specifications indicate that mandating comprehensive parity for mental health and SA disorders raises the probability that a treatment admission is privately insured, lowering costs for the individual. Despite some crowd-out of charity care for private insurance, mandates reduce the uninsured probability by a net 2.4 percentage points. States mandating comprehensive parity also see an increase in treatment admissions. Thus, increasing cost-sharing and reducing financial barriers may aid the at-risk population in obtaining adequate SA treatment. Supply constraints mute effect sizes, suggesting that demand-focused interventions need to be complemented with policies supporting treatment providers. These results have implications for the effectiveness of the 2008 Federal Mental Health Parity and Addiction Equity Act in increasing SA treatment admissions and promoting cost-sharing.

  5. The Impact of Cost Sharing on Internal Efficiency of Public Secondary Schools in Ndivisi Division, Bungoma District Kenya

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kiveu, Noah Murumba; Mayio, Julius

    2009-01-01

    Adoption of cost sharing policy in education has witnessed the return to communities and parents a substantial proportion of financial responsibility for schooling. With increased poverty levels, many parents and communities have not been able to meet the cost requirements under cost sharing policy. Thus their investment in education and support…

  6. 23 CFR 646.210 - Classification of projects and railroad share of the cost.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Classification of projects and railroad share of the cost. 646.210 Section 646.210 Highways FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION... the elimination of hazards at railroad-highway crossings shall not apply to Federal-aid projects....

  7. 23 CFR 646.210 - Classification of projects and railroad share of the cost.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Classification of projects and railroad share of the cost. 646.210 Section 646.210 Highways FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION... the elimination of hazards at railroad-highway crossings shall not apply to Federal-aid projects....

  8. 23 CFR 646.210 - Classification of projects and railroad share of the cost.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Classification of projects and railroad share of the cost. 646.210 Section 646.210 Highways FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION... the elimination of hazards at railroad-highway crossings shall not apply to Federal-aid projects....

  9. 23 CFR 646.210 - Classification of projects and railroad share of the cost.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Classification of projects and railroad share of the cost. 646.210 Section 646.210 Highways FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION... the elimination of hazards at railroad-highway crossings shall not apply to Federal-aid projects....

  10. 33 CFR 203.84 - Forms of local participation-cost sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Forms of local participation-cost sharing. 203.84 Section 203.84 Navigation and Navigable Waters CORPS OF ENGINEERS, DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE EMERGENCY EMPLOYMENT OF ARMY AND OTHER RESOURCES, NATURAL DISASTER PROCEDURES...

  11. 33 CFR 203.84 - Forms of local participation-cost sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Forms of local participation-cost sharing. 203.84 Section 203.84 Navigation and Navigable Waters CORPS OF ENGINEERS, DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE EMERGENCY EMPLOYMENT OF ARMY AND OTHER RESOURCES, NATURAL DISASTER PROCEDURES...

  12. Cost-Sharing Reform of Tertiary Education in China and Its Equity Impact

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wang, Catherine Yan

    2013-01-01

    China has made huge strides in expanding access to higher education since the 1980s. The main approach to achieve mass higher education was cost-sharing reforms of tertiary education. This article examines the policy reforms that affected tuition, fees and subsidies for tertiary students since the end of the 1980s and looks at the effects in terms…

  13. 48 CFR 1516.303-75 - Amount of cost-sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Amount of cost-sharing. 1516.303-75 Section 1516.303-75 Federal Acquisition Regulations System ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY... of technical experts, may consider the following factors in determining reasonable levels of...

  14. 48 CFR 1516.303-75 - Amount of cost-sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Amount of cost-sharing. 1516.303-75 Section 1516.303-75 Federal Acquisition Regulations System ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY... of technical experts, may consider the following factors in determining reasonable levels of...

  15. Cost-Sharing in Higher Education: Differences between Countries and between Distinct Socio-Economic Groups

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schwarzenberger, Astrid; Opheim, Vibeke

    2009-01-01

    The paper studies the relation between different national cost-sharing models and how students from different socio-economic backgrounds finance their higher education in six different European countries: the Czech Republic, England, Germany, the Netherlands, Norway, and Spain. The findings reveal considerable differences both between the…

  16. 48 CFR 48.104-4 - Sharing alternative-no-cost settlement method.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Sharing alternative-no-cost settlement method. 48.104-4 Section 48.104-4 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION CONTRACT MANAGEMENT VALUE ENGINEERING Policies and Procedures 48.104-4...

  17. 48 CFR 48.104-4 - Sharing alternative-no-cost settlement method.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Sharing alternative-no-cost settlement method. 48.104-4 Section 48.104-4 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION CONTRACT MANAGEMENT VALUE ENGINEERING Policies and Procedures 48.104-4...

  18. 47 CFR 27.1190 - Termination of cost-sharing obligations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... cost-sharing in connection with BRS relocation will sunset for all AWS entities fifteen years after the relocation sunset period for BRS relocation commences, i.e., fifteen years after the first AWS licenses are... to the sunset date must satisfy their payment obligation in full....

  19. 7 CFR 1486.400 - What are the rules on cost sharing?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... CORPORATION, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LOANS, PURCHASES, AND OTHER OPERATIONS EMERGING MARKETS PROGRAM.... (c) Cost-sharing is not required for proposals from federal, state, or local government agencies. It... government agency. (d) Contributions from federal, state, or local government agencies or programs may not...

  20. Affordable Care Act's Mandate Eliminating Contraceptive Cost Sharing Influenced Choices Of Women With Employer Coverage.

    PubMed

    Carlin, Caroline S; Fertig, Angela R; Dowd, Bryan E

    2016-09-01

    Patient cost sharing for contraceptive prescriptions was eliminated for certain insurance plans as part of the Affordable Care Act. We examined the impact of this change on women's patterns of choosing prescription contraceptive methods. Using claims data for a sample of midwestern women ages 18-46 with employer-sponsored coverage, we examined the contraceptive choices made by women in employer groups whose coverage complied with the mandate, compared to the choices of women in groups whose coverage did not comply. We found that the reduction in cost sharing was associated with a 2.3-percentage-point increase in the choice of any prescription contraceptive, relative to the 30 percent rate of choosing prescription contraceptives before the change in cost sharing. A disproportionate share of this increase came from increased selection of long-term contraception methods. Thus, the removal of cost as a barrier seems to be an important factor in contraceptive choice, and our findings about long-term methods may have implications for rates of unintended pregnancy that require further study. PMID:27605640

  1. 47 CFR 24.253 - Termination of cost-sharing obligations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Termination of cost-sharing obligations. 24.253 Section 24.253 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) COMMON CARRIER SERVICES PERSONAL COMMUNICATIONS SERVICES Broadband PCS Policies Governing Microwave Relocation from the...

  2. 47 CFR 24.253 - Termination of cost-sharing obligations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Termination of cost-sharing obligations. 24.253 Section 24.253 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) COMMON CARRIER SERVICES PERSONAL COMMUNICATIONS SERVICES Broadband PCS Policies Governing Microwave Relocation from the...

  3. 47 CFR 24.241 - Administration of the Cost-Sharing Plan.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Administration of the Cost-Sharing Plan. 24.241 Section 24.241 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) COMMON CARRIER SERVICES PERSONAL COMMUNICATIONS SERVICES Broadband PCS Policies Governing Microwave Relocation from the...

  4. 47 CFR 24.253 - Termination of cost-sharing obligations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Termination of cost-sharing obligations. 24.253 Section 24.253 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) COMMON CARRIER SERVICES PERSONAL COMMUNICATIONS SERVICES Broadband PCS Policies Governing Microwave Relocation from the...

  5. 47 CFR 24.251 - Dispute resolution under the Cost-Sharing Plan.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Dispute resolution under the Cost-Sharing Plan. 24.251 Section 24.251 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) COMMON CARRIER SERVICES PERSONAL COMMUNICATIONS SERVICES Broadband PCS Policies Governing Microwave Relocation from...

  6. 47 CFR 24.241 - Administration of the Cost-Sharing Plan.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Administration of the Cost-Sharing Plan. 24.241 Section 24.241 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) COMMON CARRIER SERVICES PERSONAL COMMUNICATIONS SERVICES Broadband PCS Policies Governing Microwave Relocation from the...

  7. 47 CFR 24.241 - Administration of the Cost-Sharing Plan.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Administration of the Cost-Sharing Plan. 24.241 Section 24.241 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) COMMON CARRIER SERVICES PERSONAL COMMUNICATIONS SERVICES Broadband PCS Policies Governing Microwave Relocation from the...

  8. 47 CFR 24.251 - Dispute resolution under the Cost-Sharing Plan.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Dispute resolution under the Cost-Sharing Plan. 24.251 Section 24.251 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) COMMON CARRIER SERVICES PERSONAL COMMUNICATIONS SERVICES Broadband PCS Policies Governing Microwave Relocation from...

  9. 47 CFR 24.251 - Dispute resolution under the Cost-Sharing Plan.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Dispute resolution under the Cost-Sharing Plan. 24.251 Section 24.251 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) COMMON CARRIER SERVICES PERSONAL COMMUNICATIONS SERVICES Broadband PCS Policies Governing Microwave Relocation from...

  10. 42 CFR 457.530 - General cost-sharing protection for lower income children.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false General cost-sharing protection for lower income children. 457.530 Section 457.530 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) STATE CHILDREN'S HEALTH INSURANCE PROGRAMS (SCHIPs) ALLOTMENTS...

  11. 45 CFR 156.410 - Cost-sharing reductions for enrollees.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... CARE ACCESS HEALTH INSURANCE ISSUER STANDARDS UNDER THE AFFORDABLE CARE ACT, INCLUDING STANDARDS RELATED TO EXCHANGES Health Insurance Issuer Responsibilities With Respect to Advance Payments of the... 45 Public Welfare 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Cost-sharing reductions for enrollees....

  12. 45 CFR 156.425 - Changes in eligibility for cost-sharing reductions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... TO HEALTH CARE ACCESS HEALTH INSURANCE ISSUER STANDARDS UNDER THE AFFORDABLE CARE ACT, INCLUDING STANDARDS RELATED TO EXCHANGES Health Insurance Issuer Responsibilities With Respect to Advance Payments of... 45 Public Welfare 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Changes in eligibility for cost-sharing...

  13. 45 CFR 156.410 - Cost-sharing reductions for enrollees.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... CARE ACCESS HEALTH INSURANCE ISSUER STANDARDS UNDER THE AFFORDABLE CARE ACT, INCLUDING STANDARDS RELATED TO EXCHANGES Health Insurance Issuer Responsibilities With Respect to Advance Payments of the... 45 Public Welfare 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Cost-sharing reductions for enrollees....

  14. 42 CFR 457.224 - FFP: Conditions relating to cost sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false FFP: Conditions relating to cost sharing. 457.224... SERVICES (CONTINUED) STATE CHILDREN'S HEALTH INSURANCE PROGRAMS (SCHIPs) ALLOTMENTS AND GRANTS TO STATES... expenditures under the State child health plan must be reduced by the amount of any premiums and other...

  15. 45 CFR 156.430 - Payment for cost-sharing reductions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... CARE ACCESS HEALTH INSURANCE ISSUER STANDARDS UNDER THE AFFORDABLE CARE ACT, INCLUDING STANDARDS RELATED TO EXCHANGES Health Insurance Issuer Responsibilities With Respect to Advance Payments of the...) Estimates of value of cost-sharing reductions for purposes of advance payments. (1) For each health...

  16. 42 CFR 457.530 - General cost-sharing protection for lower income children.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false General cost-sharing protection for lower income children. 457.530 Section 457.530 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) STATE CHILDREN'S HEALTH INSURANCE PROGRAMS (SCHIPs) ALLOTMENTS...

  17. 42 CFR 457.530 - General cost-sharing protection for lower income children.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false General cost-sharing protection for lower income children. 457.530 Section 457.530 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) STATE CHILDREN'S HEALTH INSURANCE PROGRAMS (SCHIPs) ALLOTMENTS...

  18. 42 CFR 457.224 - FFP: Conditions relating to cost sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false FFP: Conditions relating to cost sharing. 457.224... SERVICES (CONTINUED) STATE CHILDREN'S HEALTH INSURANCE PROGRAMS (SCHIPs) ALLOTMENTS AND GRANTS TO STATES... expenditures under the State child health plan must be reduced by the amount of any premiums and other...

  19. 45 CFR 156.425 - Changes in eligibility for cost-sharing reductions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... TO HEALTH CARE ACCESS HEALTH INSURANCE ISSUER STANDARDS UNDER THE AFFORDABLE CARE ACT, INCLUDING STANDARDS RELATED TO EXCHANGES Health Insurance Issuer Responsibilities With Respect to Advance Payments of... 45 Public Welfare 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Changes in eligibility for cost-sharing...

  20. Cost-Sharing of Agricultural Technology Transfer in Nigeria: Perceptions of Farmers and Extension Professionals

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ozor, N.; Agwu, A. E.; Chukwuone, N. A.; Madukwe, M. C.; Garforth, C. J.

    2007-01-01

    Cost-sharing, which involves government-farmer partnership in the funding of agricultural extension service, is one of the reforms aimed at achieving sustainable funding for extension systems. This study examined the perceptions of farmers and extension professionals on this reform agenda in Nigeria. The study was carried out in six geopolitical…

  1. 7 CFR 636.12 - Termination of cost-share agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 6 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Termination of cost-share agreements. 636.12 Section 636.12 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LONG TERM CONTRACTING WILDLIFE HABITAT INCENTIVE PROGRAM §...

  2. 7 CFR 636.12 - Termination of cost-share agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 6 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Termination of cost-share agreements. 636.12 Section 636.12 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LONG TERM CONTRACTING WILDLIFE HABITAT INCENTIVE PROGRAM §...

  3. 7 CFR 636.12 - Termination of cost-share agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 6 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Termination of cost-share agreements. 636.12 Section 636.12 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LONG TERM CONTRACTING WILDLIFE HABITAT INCENTIVE PROGRAM §...

  4. 7 CFR 636.11 - Transfer of interest in a cost-share agreement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 6 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Transfer of interest in a cost-share agreement. 636.11 Section 636.11 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LONG TERM CONTRACTING WILDLIFE HABITAT INCENTIVE PROGRAM §...

  5. 7 CFR 636.12 - Termination of cost-share agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Termination of cost-share agreements. 636.12 Section 636.12 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LONG TERM CONTRACTING WILDLIFE HABITAT INCENTIVES PROGRAM §...

  6. 7 CFR 636.11 - Transfer of interest in a cost-share agreement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 6 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Transfer of interest in a cost-share agreement. 636.11 Section 636.11 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LONG TERM CONTRACTING WILDLIFE HABITAT INCENTIVE PROGRAM §...

  7. 7 CFR 636.11 - Transfer of interest in a cost-share agreement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 6 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Transfer of interest in a cost-share agreement. 636.11 Section 636.11 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LONG TERM CONTRACTING WILDLIFE HABITAT INCENTIVE PROGRAM §...

  8. 7 CFR 636.12 - Termination of cost-share agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 6 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Termination of cost-share agreements. 636.12 Section 636.12 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LONG TERM CONTRACTING WILDLIFE HABITAT INCENTIVE PROGRAM §...

  9. 7 CFR 636.11 - Transfer of interest in a cost-share agreement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Transfer of interest in a cost-share agreement. 636.11 Section 636.11 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LONG TERM CONTRACTING WILDLIFE HABITAT INCENTIVES PROGRAM §...

  10. 7 CFR 636.11 - Transfer of interest in a cost-share agreement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 6 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Transfer of interest in a cost-share agreement. 636.11 Section 636.11 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LONG TERM CONTRACTING WILDLIFE HABITAT INCENTIVE PROGRAM §...

  11. 47 CFR 24.239 - Cost-sharing requirements for broadband PCS.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 1850-1990 Mhz Band § 24.239 Cost-sharing requirements for broadband PCS. Frequencies in the 1850-1990 MHz band listed in § 101.147(c) of this chapter have been allocated for use by PCS. In accordance with...) are required to relocate the existing Fixed Microwave Services (FMS) licensees in these bands...

  12. 47 CFR 24.239 - Cost-sharing requirements for broadband PCS.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 1850-1990 Mhz Band § 24.239 Cost-sharing requirements for broadband PCS. Frequencies in the 1850-1990 MHz band listed in § 101.147(c) of this chapter have been allocated for use by PCS. In accordance with...) are required to relocate the existing Fixed Microwave Services (FMS) licensees in these bands...

  13. 47 CFR 24.239 - Cost-sharing requirements for broadband PCS.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 1850-1990 Mhz Band § 24.239 Cost-sharing requirements for broadband PCS. Frequencies in the 1850-1990 MHz band listed in § 101.147(c) of this chapter have been allocated for use by PCS. In accordance with...) are required to relocate the existing Fixed Microwave Services (FMS) licensees in these bands...

  14. 47 CFR 24.239 - Cost-sharing requirements for broadband PCS.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 1850-1990 Mhz Band § 24.239 Cost-sharing requirements for broadband PCS. Frequencies in the 1850-1990 MHz band listed in § 101.147(c) of this chapter have been allocated for use by PCS. In accordance with...) are required to relocate the existing Fixed Microwave Services (FMS) licensees in these bands...

  15. 47 CFR 24.239 - Cost-sharing requirements for broadband PCS.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 1850-1990 Mhz Band § 24.239 Cost-sharing requirements for broadband PCS. Frequencies in the 1850-1990 MHz band listed in § 101.147(c) of this chapter have been allocated for use by PCS. In accordance with...) are required to relocate the existing Fixed Microwave Services (FMS) licensees in these bands...

  16. 23 CFR 505.13 - Federal Government's share of project cost.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Federal Government's share of project cost. 505.13 Section 505.13 Highways FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION TRANSPORTATION... of the Federal Government is made at the same time....

  17. 23 CFR 505.13 - Federal Government's share of project cost.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Federal Government's share of project cost. 505.13 Section 505.13 Highways FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION TRANSPORTATION... of the Federal Government is made at the same time....

  18. 23 CFR 505.13 - Federal Government's share of project cost.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Federal Government's share of project cost. 505.13 Section 505.13 Highways FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION TRANSPORTATION... of the Federal Government is made at the same time....

  19. 23 CFR 505.13 - Federal Government's share of project cost.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Federal Government's share of project cost. 505.13 Section 505.13 Highways FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION TRANSPORTATION... of the Federal Government is made at the same time....

  20. 23 CFR 505.13 - Federal Government's share of project cost.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Federal Government's share of project cost. 505.13 Section 505.13 Highways FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION TRANSPORTATION... of the Federal Government is made at the same time....

  1. 7 CFR 1410.41 - Levels and rates for cost-share payments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Levels and rates for cost-share payments. 1410.41 Section 1410.41 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) COMMODITY CREDIT CORPORATION, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LOANS, PURCHASES, AND OTHER OPERATIONS CONSERVATION RESERVE PROGRAM § 1410.41 Levels and rates for...

  2. 42 CFR 447.54 - Cost sharing for services furnished in a hospital emergency department.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... emergency department. 447.54 Section 447.54 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES... furnished in a hospital emergency department. (a) The agency may impose cost sharing for non-emergency services provided in a hospital emergency department. The provisions in § 447.56(a) shall apply except...

  3. 7 CFR 625.9 - 10-year restoration cost-share agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... restoration cost-share agreements. (a) The restoration plan developed under § 625.13 forms the basis for the... agreement will: (1) Incorporate all portions of a restoration plan; (2) Be for a period of 10 years; (3... implementation of the approved conservation treatment identified in the restoration plan; and (8) Include...

  4. Cost-Sharing of General and Specific Training with Depreciation of Human Capital.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pichler, Eva

    1993-01-01

    Investigates why employers (particularly those valuing technical progress as important for performance) share general training costs and returns. Workers stay with a firm paying a wage below their opportunity wage if it continually provides additional training so that the prospect of future wages outweighs the short-run gain from quitting and…

  5. Early Impact Of The Affordable Care Act On Oral Contraceptive Cost Sharing, Discontinuation, And Nonadherence.

    PubMed

    Pace, Lydia E; Dusetzina, Stacie B; Keating, Nancy L

    2016-09-01

    The oral contraceptive pill is the contraceptive method most commonly used by US women, but inconsistent use of the pill is a contributor to high rates of unintended pregnancy. The relationship between consumer cost sharing and consistent use of the pill is not well understood, and the impact of the elimination of cost sharing for oral contraceptive pills in a mandate in the Affordable Care Act (ACA) is not yet known. We analyzed insurance claims for 635,075 women with employer-sponsored insurance who were initiating use of the pill, to examine rates of discontinuation and nonadherence, their relationship with cost sharing, and trends before and during the first year after implementation of the ACA mandate. We found that cost sharing for oral contraceptives decreased markedly following implementation, more significantly for generic than for brand-name versions. Higher copays were associated with greater discontinuation of and nonadherence to generic pills than was the case with zero copayments. Discontinuation of the use of generic or brand-name pills decreased slightly but significantly following ACA implementation, as did nonadherence to brand-name pills. Our findings suggest a modest early impact of the ACA on improving consistent use of oral contraceptives among women initiating their use.

  6. Early Impact Of The Affordable Care Act On Oral Contraceptive Cost Sharing, Discontinuation, And Nonadherence.

    PubMed

    Pace, Lydia E; Dusetzina, Stacie B; Keating, Nancy L

    2016-09-01

    The oral contraceptive pill is the contraceptive method most commonly used by US women, but inconsistent use of the pill is a contributor to high rates of unintended pregnancy. The relationship between consumer cost sharing and consistent use of the pill is not well understood, and the impact of the elimination of cost sharing for oral contraceptive pills in a mandate in the Affordable Care Act (ACA) is not yet known. We analyzed insurance claims for 635,075 women with employer-sponsored insurance who were initiating use of the pill, to examine rates of discontinuation and nonadherence, their relationship with cost sharing, and trends before and during the first year after implementation of the ACA mandate. We found that cost sharing for oral contraceptives decreased markedly following implementation, more significantly for generic than for brand-name versions. Higher copays were associated with greater discontinuation of and nonadherence to generic pills than was the case with zero copayments. Discontinuation of the use of generic or brand-name pills decreased slightly but significantly following ACA implementation, as did nonadherence to brand-name pills. Our findings suggest a modest early impact of the ACA on improving consistent use of oral contraceptives among women initiating their use. PMID:27605641

  7. 42 CFR 431.57 - Waiver of cost-sharing requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Waiver of cost-sharing requirements. 431.57 Section 431.57 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS STATE ORGANIZATION AND GENERAL ADMINISTRATION General...

  8. 7 CFR 631.7 - Conservation treatment eligible for cost sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 6 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Conservation treatment eligible for cost sharing. 631.7 Section 631.7 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LONG TERM CONTRACTING GREAT PLAINS...

  9. 7 CFR 631.7 - Conservation treatment eligible for cost sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 6 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Conservation treatment eligible for cost sharing. 631.7 Section 631.7 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LONG TERM CONTRACTING GREAT PLAINS...

  10. 36 CFR 230.44 - Cost-share assistance-reporting requirement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Improvement; (7) FLEP7—Forest Health and Protection; (8) FLEP8—Invasive Species Control; (9) FLEP9—Fire and... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Cost-share assistance-reporting requirement. 230.44 Section 230.44 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE,...

  11. 36 CFR 230.44 - Cost-share assistance-reporting requirement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Improvement; (7) FLEP7—Forest Health and Protection; (8) FLEP8—Invasive Species Control; (9) FLEP9—Fire and... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Cost-share assistance-reporting requirement. 230.44 Section 230.44 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE,...

  12. 36 CFR 230.44 - Cost-share assistance-reporting requirement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Improvement; (7) FLEP7—Forest Health and Protection; (8) FLEP8—Invasive Species Control; (9) FLEP9—Fire and... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Cost-share assistance-reporting requirement. 230.44 Section 230.44 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE,...

  13. 36 CFR 230.44 - Cost-share assistance-reporting requirement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Improvement; (7) FLEP7—Forest Health and Protection; (8) FLEP8—Invasive Species Control; (9) FLEP9—Fire and... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Cost-share assistance-reporting requirement. 230.44 Section 230.44 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE,...

  14. 36 CFR 230.44 - Cost-share assistance-reporting requirement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Improvement; (7) FLEP7—Forest Health and Protection; (8) FLEP8—Invasive Species Control; (9) FLEP9—Fire and... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Cost-share assistance-reporting requirement. 230.44 Section 230.44 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE,...

  15. 36 CFR 230.43 - Cost-share assistance-prohibited practices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Cost-share assistance-prohibited practices. 230.43 Section 230.43 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE STATE AND PRIVATE FORESTRY ASSISTANCE Forest Land Enhancement Program § 230.43...

  16. 36 CFR 230.43 - Cost-share assistance-prohibited practices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Cost-share assistance-prohibited practices. 230.43 Section 230.43 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE STATE AND PRIVATE FORESTRY ASSISTANCE Forest Land Enhancement Program § 230.43...

  17. 36 CFR 230.43 - Cost-share assistance-prohibited practices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Cost-share assistance-prohibited practices. 230.43 Section 230.43 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE STATE AND PRIVATE FORESTRY ASSISTANCE Forest Land Enhancement Program § 230.43...

  18. 36 CFR 230.41 - Eligibility requirements for cost-share assistance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Eligibility requirements for cost-share assistance. 230.41 Section 230.41 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE STATE AND PRIVATE FORESTRY ASSISTANCE Forest Land Enhancement Program §...

  19. 36 CFR 230.41 - Eligibility requirements for cost-share assistance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Eligibility requirements for cost-share assistance. 230.41 Section 230.41 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE STATE AND PRIVATE FORESTRY ASSISTANCE Forest Land Enhancement Program §...

  20. 36 CFR 230.41 - Eligibility requirements for cost-share assistance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Eligibility requirements for cost-share assistance. 230.41 Section 230.41 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE STATE AND PRIVATE FORESTRY ASSISTANCE Forest Land Enhancement Program §...

  1. 36 CFR 230.45 - Recapture of cost-share assistance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Recapture of cost-share assistance. 230.45 Section 230.45 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE STATE AND PRIVATE FORESTRY ASSISTANCE Forest Land Enhancement Program § 230.45 Recapture of...

  2. 36 CFR 230.43 - Cost-share assistance-prohibited practices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Cost-share assistance-prohibited practices. 230.43 Section 230.43 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE STATE AND PRIVATE FORESTRY ASSISTANCE Forest Land Enhancement Program § 230.43...

  3. 36 CFR 230.42 - Cost-share assistance application and payment procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Cost-share assistance application and payment procedures. 230.42 Section 230.42 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE STATE AND PRIVATE FORESTRY ASSISTANCE Forest Land Enhancement Program § 230.42...

  4. 36 CFR 230.45 - Recapture of cost-share assistance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Recapture of cost-share assistance. 230.45 Section 230.45 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE STATE AND PRIVATE FORESTRY ASSISTANCE Forest Land Enhancement Program § 230.45 Recapture of...

  5. 36 CFR 230.45 - Recapture of cost-share assistance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Recapture of cost-share assistance. 230.45 Section 230.45 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE STATE AND PRIVATE FORESTRY ASSISTANCE Forest Land Enhancement Program § 230.45 Recapture of...

  6. 36 CFR 230.42 - Cost-share assistance application and payment procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Cost-share assistance application and payment procedures. 230.42 Section 230.42 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE STATE AND PRIVATE FORESTRY ASSISTANCE Forest Land Enhancement Program § 230.42...

  7. 36 CFR 230.41 - Eligibility requirements for cost-share assistance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Eligibility requirements for cost-share assistance. 230.41 Section 230.41 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE STATE AND PRIVATE FORESTRY ASSISTANCE Forest Land Enhancement Program §...

  8. 36 CFR 230.45 - Recapture of cost-share assistance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Recapture of cost-share assistance. 230.45 Section 230.45 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE STATE AND PRIVATE FORESTRY ASSISTANCE Forest Land Enhancement Program § 230.45 Recapture of...

  9. 36 CFR 230.41 - Eligibility requirements for cost-share assistance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Eligibility requirements for cost-share assistance. 230.41 Section 230.41 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE STATE AND PRIVATE FORESTRY ASSISTANCE Forest Land Enhancement Program §...

  10. 36 CFR 230.45 - Recapture of cost-share assistance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Recapture of cost-share assistance. 230.45 Section 230.45 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE STATE AND PRIVATE FORESTRY ASSISTANCE Forest Land Enhancement Program § 230.45 Recapture of...

  11. 36 CFR 230.42 - Cost-share assistance application and payment procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Cost-share assistance application and payment procedures. 230.42 Section 230.42 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE STATE AND PRIVATE FORESTRY ASSISTANCE Forest Land Enhancement Program § 230.42...

  12. 36 CFR 230.43 - Cost-share assistance-prohibited practices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Cost-share assistance-prohibited practices. 230.43 Section 230.43 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE STATE AND PRIVATE FORESTRY ASSISTANCE Forest Land Enhancement Program § 230.43...

  13. 14 CFR 152.205 - United States share of project costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false United States share of project costs. 152.205 Section 152.205 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) AIRPORTS AIRPORT AID PROGRAM Funding of Approved Projects § 152.205 United...

  14. 14 CFR 152.205 - United States share of project costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false United States share of project costs. 152.205 Section 152.205 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) AIRPORTS AIRPORT AID PROGRAM Funding of Approved Projects § 152.205 United...

  15. 14 CFR 152.205 - United States share of project costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false United States share of project costs. 152.205 Section 152.205 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) AIRPORTS AIRPORT AID PROGRAM Funding of Approved Projects § 152.205 United...

  16. 14 CFR 152.205 - United States share of project costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false United States share of project costs. 152.205 Section 152.205 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) AIRPORTS AIRPORT AID PROGRAM Funding of Approved Projects § 152.205 United...

  17. 14 CFR 152.205 - United States share of project costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false United States share of project costs. 152.205 Section 152.205 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) AIRPORTS AIRPORT AID PROGRAM Funding of Approved Projects § 152.205 United...

  18. 50 CFR 80.83 - What is the Federal share of allowable costs?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 9 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false What is the Federal share of allowable costs? 80.83 Section 80.83 Wildlife and Fisheries UNITED STATES FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR (CONTINUED) FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE-WILDLIFE AND SPORT FISH RESTORATION PROGRAM ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS, PITTMAN-ROBERTSON...

  19. 48 CFR 48.104-4 - Sharing alternative-no-cost settlement method.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Sharing alternative-no-cost settlement method. 48.104-4 Section 48.104-4 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION CONTRACT MANAGEMENT VALUE ENGINEERING Policies and Procedures 48.104-4...

  20. The economics of time shared computing: Congestion, user costs and capacity

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Agnew, C. E.

    1982-01-01

    Time shared systems permit the fixed costs of computing resources to be spread over large numbers of users. However, bottleneck results in the theory of closed queueing networks can be used to show that this economy of scale will be offset by the increased congestion that results as more users are added to the system. If one considers the total costs, including the congestion cost, there is an optimal number of users for a system which equals the saturation value usually used to define system capacity.