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Sample records for adjacent phenyl ring

  1. Replacement of the Bryostatin A- and B-Pyran Rings With Phenyl Rings Leads to Loss of High Affinity Binding With PKC.

    PubMed

    Petersen, Mark E; Kedei, Noemi; Lewin, Nancy E; Blumberg, Peter M; Keck, Gary E

    2016-10-19

    We describe a convergent synthesis of a bryostatin analogue in which the natural A- and B-ring pyrans have been replaced by phenyl rings. The new analogue exhibited PMA like behavior in cell assays, but failed to maintain high affinity binding for PKC, despite retaining an unaltered C-ring 'binding domain'.

  2. Controlled tautomeric switching in azonaphthols tuned by substituents on the phenyl ring.

    PubMed

    Antonov, Liudmil; Deneva, Vera; Simeonov, Svilen; Kurteva, Vanya; Crochet, Aurelien; Fromm, Katharina M; Shivachev, Boris; Nikolova, Rositsa; Savarese, Marika; Adamo, Carlo

    2015-02-23

    A series of new tautomeric azonaphthols are synthesized and the possibilities for molecular switching are investigated using molecular spectroscopy, X-ray analysis and density functional theory quantum chemical calculations. Two opposite effects that influence switching are studied: attaching a piperidine sidearm, and adding substituents to the phenyl ring. On the one hand, the attached piperidine moiety stabilizes the enol form leading to a controlled shift of the equilibrium upon protonation. On the other hand, the relative stability of the azonaphthol tautomers strongly depends on the effects of the substituents on the phenyl ring: electron donors tend to stabilize the enol tautomer, whereas electron acceptors lead to stabilization of the keto form. However, these effects do not shift fully the equilibrium towards either of the tautomers. Nevertheless, the effect of the substituents can be an additional tool to affect the switching between "on" and "off" states. Electron-withdrawing substituents stabilize the keto form and impede switching to the off state, whereas electron donors stabilize the enol form. The effect of the piperidine unit is dominant overall, and with strongly electron-withdrawing substituents at the phenyl ring, the enol form exists as a zwitterion.

  3. Biocatalytic resolution of benzyl glycidyl ether and its derivates by Talaromyces flavus: effect of phenyl ring substituents on enantioselectivity.

    PubMed

    Wei, Chun; Chen, Yunyun; Shen, Honglei; Wang, Shan; Chen, Lin; Zhu, Qing

    2012-08-01

    Talaromyces flavus containing a constitutive epoxide hydrolase (EH) resolved racemic benzyl glycidyl ether and nine derivatives into their (R)-enantiomers. After optimization of the fermentation conditions, the specific EH activity and biomass concentration were improved from 13.5 U/g DCW and 14.8 g DCW/l to 26.2 U/g DCW and 31.3 g DCW/l, respectively, with final values for e.e. ( s ) of 96 % and E of 13 with (R)-benzyl glycidyl ether. Substituents on the phenyl ring, however, gave low enantioselectivities.

  4. Three-Dimensional Carbon Allotropes Comprising Phenyl Rings and Acetylenic Chains in sp+sp2 Hybrid Networks

    PubMed Central

    Wang, Jian-Tao; Chen, Changfeng; Li, Han-Dong; Mizuseki, Hiroshi; Kawazoe, Yoshiyuki

    2016-01-01

    We here identify by ab initio calculations a new type of three-dimensional (3D) carbon allotropes that consist of phenyl rings connected by linear acetylenic chains in sp+sp2 bonding networks. These structures are constructed by inserting acetylenic or diacetylenic bonds into an all sp2-hybridized rhombohedral polybenzene lattice, and the resulting 3D phenylacetylene and phenyldiacetylene nets comprise a 12-atom and 18-atom rhombohedral primitive unit cells in the symmetry, which are characterized as the 3D chiral crystalline modification of 2D graphyne and graphdiyne, respectively. Simulated phonon spectra reveal that these structures are dynamically stable. Electronic band calculations indicate that phenylacetylene is metallic, while phenyldiacetylene is a semiconductor with an indirect band gap of 0.58 eV. The present results establish a new type of carbon phases and offer insights into their outstanding structural and electronic properties. PMID:27087405

  5. Three-dimensional carbon allotropes comprising phenyl rings and acetylenic chains in sp+sp2 hybrid networks

    DOE PAGES

    Wang, Jian -Tao; Chen, Changfeng; Li, Han -Dong; ...

    2016-04-18

    Here, we here identify by ab initio calculations a new type of three-dimensional (3D) carbon allotropes that consist of phenyl rings connected by linear acetylenic chains in sp+sp2 bonding networks. These structures are constructed by inserting acetylenic or diacetylenic bonds into an all sp2-hybridized rhombohedral polybenzene lattice, and the resulting 3D phenylacetylene and phenyldiacetylene nets comprise a 12-atom and 18-atom rhombohedral primitive unit cells R-3m symmetry, which are characterized as the 3D chiral crystalline modification of 2D graphyne and graphdiyne, respectively. Simulated phonon spectra reveal that these structures are dynamically stable. Electronic band calculations indicate that phenylacetylene is metallic, whilemore » phenyldiacetylene is a semiconductor with an indirect band gap of 0.58 eV. The present results establish a new type of carbon phases and offer insights into their outstanding structural and electronic properties.« less

  6. Negative polarity of phenyl-C{sub 61} butyric acid methyl ester adjacent to donor macromolecule domains

    SciTech Connect

    Alley, Olivia J.; Dawidczyk, Thomas J.; Hardigree, Josué F. Martínez; Katz, Howard E.; Wu, Meng-Yin; Johns, Gary L.; Markovic, Nina; Arnold, Michael S.

    2015-01-19

    Interfacial fields within organic photovoltaics influence the movement of free charge carriers, including exciton dissociation and recombination. Open circuit voltage (V{sub oc}) can also be dependent on the interfacial fields, in the event that they modulate the energy gap between donor HOMO and acceptor LUMO. A rise in the vacuum level of the acceptor will increase the gap and the V{sub oc}, which can be beneficial for device efficiency. Here, we measure the interfacial potential differences at donor-acceptor junctions using Scanning Kelvin Probe Microscopy, and quantify how much of the potential difference originates from physical contact between the donor and acceptor. We see a statistically significant and pervasive negative polarity on the phenyl-C{sub 61} butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM) side of PCBM/donor junctions, which should also be present at the complex interfaces in bulk heterojunctions. This potential difference may originate from molecular dipoles, interfacial interactions with donor materials, and/or equilibrium charge transfer due to the higher work function and electron affinity of PCBM. We show that the contact between PCBM and poly(3-hexylthiophene) doubles the interfacial potential difference, a statistically significant difference. Control experiments determined that this potential difference was not due to charges trapped in the underlying substrate. The direction of the observed potential difference would lead to increased V{sub oc}, but would also pose a barrier to electrons being injected into the PCBM and make recombination more favorable. Our method may allow unique information to be obtained in new donor-acceptor junctions.

  7. Measurement of Large Dipolar Couplings of a Liquid Crystal with Terminal Phenyl Rings and Estimation of the Order Parameters.

    PubMed

    Kumar, R V Sudheer; Ramanathan, Krishna V

    2015-07-20

    NMR spectroscopy is a powerful means of studying liquid-crystalline systems at atomic resolutions. Of the many parameters that can provide information on the dynamics and order of the systems, (1) H-(13) C dipolar couplings are an important means of obtaining such information. Depending on the details of the molecular structure and the magnitude of the order parameters, the dipolar couplings can vary over a wide range of values. Thus the method employed to estimate the dipolar couplings should be capable of estimating both large and small dipolar couplings at the same time. For this purpose, we consider here a two-dimensional NMR experiment that works similar to the insensitive nuclei enhanced by polarization transfer (INEPT) experiment in solution. With the incorporation of a modification proposed earlier for experiments with low radio frequency power, the scheme is observed to enable a wide range of dipolar couplings to be estimated at the same time. We utilized this approach to obtain dipolar couplings in a liquid crystal with phenyl rings attached to either end of the molecule, and estimated its local order parameters.

  8. 2-[(1R,3S)-6,7-Dimeth­oxy-1-phenyl-1,2,3,4-tetra­hydro­isoquinolin-3-yl]-4-phenyl-1,3-thia­zole

    PubMed Central

    Pawar, Sunayna; Katharigatta, Venugopala; Govender, Thavendran; Kruger, Hendrik G.; Maguire, Glenn E. M.

    2011-01-01

    In the title compound, C26H24N2O2S, the dihedral angle between the thia­zole ring and the adjacent phenyl ring is 3.02 (15)°. The N-containing six-membered ring of the tetra­hydro­isoquinoline unit adopts a half-chair conformation. The dihedral angle between the least-squares plane of the tetra­hydro­isoquinoline ring system and its nearest phenyl ring is 76.90 (13)°. No classical hydrogen bonds nor π–π inter­actions were found in the crystal structure. PMID:22065627

  9. Theoretical study on the catalytic reactivity of N-hydroxyphthalimide tuned by different heterocyclic substitutions on its phenyl ring for aerobic oxidation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chen, Kexian; Xie, Haiying; Jiang, Kezhi; Mao, Jianyong

    2016-07-01

    The structure-reactivity relationship of new hydroxyimide organocatalysts based on the heterocyclic replacements of the phenyl ring of N-hydroxyphthalimide (NHPI) has been theoretically investigated to gain a mature understanding of this particular catalysis for aerobic oxidation. We find that the reactivity of catalysts with the common five-member aromatic rings is lower than that of NHPI. The catalyst with the recyclable structure of imidazolium ionic liquid may serve as a novel model catalyst for further improvements due to its reactivity comparable to that of NHPI. The catalytic reactivity of multi-nitroxyl catalysts is theoretically more fascinating than that of the highly efficient N,N-dihydroxypyromellitimide.

  10. Coordinated Coverage of the Ring Current, Cusp and Adjacent FACs with Cluster and Swarm

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Xiong, C.; Dunlop, M. W.; Bogdanova, Y.; Yang, J.; Yang, Y.; Shen, C.; Luhr, H.; Olsen, N.; Zhang, Q. H.; Ritter, P.; Kauristie, K.; Masson, A.; Haagmans, R.

    2014-12-01

    We explore the capability of Swarm-Cluster coordination for probing the behavior of the ring current (RC), field aligned currents (FAC) and cusp currents at medium and low orbits. The RC and connecting R2 FACs influence the geomagnetic field at low Earth orbit (LEO) and are sampled in situ by the four Cluster spacecraft every perigee pass. Coordination of the configuration of the three Swarm spacecraft with the constellation of the four Cluster spacecraft has been planned through joint operations; providing a set of distributed, multi-point measurements covering this region. A particularly close coordination of all spacecraft has been achieved during the start of the Swarm operations. We show preliminary study of the morphology and influence of the ring current from the in-situ RC and associated FACs determined directly from the 4-spacecraft Cluster perigee observations. We report here preliminary results of joint science targets, including coordinated cusp encounters; the comparative significance of the connecting R2 FACs, and the use and application of new analysis techniques derived from the calculation of curl B and magnetic gradients to compare estimates of the current distributions. For context, we will report on the coordination of Champ and Cluster data to interpret and resolve the R1 and R2 FACs using Champ derived models of the associated auroral boundaries.

  11. Phenyl Ring Dynamics in a Tetraphenylethylene-Bridged Metal-Organic Framework: Implications for the Mechanism of Aggregation-Induced Emission

    SciTech Connect

    Shustova, Natalia B; Ong, Ta-Chung; Cozzolino, Anthony F; Michaelis, Vladimir K; Griffin, Robert G; Dinc,; #259; Mircea,

    2013-03-12

    Molecules that exhibit emission in the solid state, especially those known as aggregation-induced emission (AIE) chromophores, have found applications in areas as varied as light-emitting diodes and biological sensors. Despite numerous studies, the mechanism of fluorescence quenching in AIE chromophores is still not completely understood. To this end, much interest has focused on understanding the low-frequency vibrational dynamics of prototypical systems, such as tetraphenylethylene (TPE), in the hope that such studies would provide more general principles toward the design of new sensors and electronic materials. We hereby show that a perdeuterated TPE-based metal–organic framework (MOF) serves as an excellent platform for studying the low-energy vibrational modes of AIE-type chromophores. In particular, we use solid-state 2H and 13C NMR experiments to investigate the phenyl ring dynamics of TPE cores that are coordinatively trapped inside a MOF and find a phenyl ring flipping energy barrier of 43(6) kJ/mol. DFT calculations are then used to deconvolute the electronic and steric contributions to this flipping barrier. Finally, we couple the NMR and DFT studies with variable-temperature X-ray diffraction experiments to propose that both the ethylenic C=C bond twist and the torsion of the phenyl rings are important for quenching emission in TPE, but that the former may gate the latter. To conclude, we use these findings to propose a set of design criteria for the development of tunable turn-on porous sensors constructed from AIE-type molecules, particularly as applied to the design of new multifunctional MOFs.

  12. Phenyl Ring Dynamics in a Tetraphenylethylene-Bridged Metal-Organic Framework: Implications for the Mechanism of Aggregation-Induced Emission

    PubMed Central

    Shustova, Natalia B.; Ong, Ta-Chung; Cozzolino, Anthony F.; Michaelis, Vladimir K.; Griffin, Robert G.; Dincã, Mircea

    2012-01-01

    Molecules that exhibit emission in the solid state, especially those known as aggregation-induced emission (AIE) chromophores, have found applications in areas as varied as light-emitting diodes and biological sensors. Despite numerous studies, the mechanism of fluorescence quenching in AIE chromophores is still not completely understood. To this end, much interest has focused on understanding the low frequency vibrational dynamics of prototypical systems such as tetraphenylethylene (TPE), in the hope that such studies would provide more general principles towards the design of new sensors and electronic materials. We hereby show that a perdeuterated TPE-based metal-organic framework (MOF) serves as an excellent platform for studying the low energy vibrational modes of AIE-type chromophores. In particular, we use solid-state 2H and 13C NMR experiments to investigate the phenyl ring dynamics of TPE cores that are coordinatively trapped inside a MOF and find a phenyl ring flipping energy barrier of 43(6) kJ/mol. DFT calculations are then used to deconvolute the electronic and steric contributions to this flipping barrier. Finally, we couple the NMR and DFT studies with variable temperature X-ray diffraction experiments to propose that both the ethylenic C=C bond twist and the torsion of the phenyl rings are important for quenching emission in TPE, but that the former may gate the latter. To conclude, we use these findings to propose a set of design criteria for the development of tunable turn-on porous sensors constructed from AIE-type molecules, particularly as applied to the design of new multifunctional MOFs. PMID:22889020

  13. Dimeth-yl(2-oxo-2-phenyl-eth-yl)sulfanium bromide.

    PubMed

    Cao, Zhiling; Liu, Weiwei; Yin, Fujun

    2010-11-17

    Single crystals of the title compound, C(10)H(13)OS(+)·Br(-), were obtained from ethyl acetate/ethyl ether after reaction of acetophenone with hydro-bromic acid and dimethyl-sulfoxide. The carbonyl group is almost coplanar with the neighbouring phenyl ring [O-C-C-C = 178.9 (2)°]. The sulfanium group shows a trigonal-pyramidal geometry at the S atom. The crystal structure is stabil-ized by C-H⋯Br hydrogen-bonding inter-actions. Weak π-π inter-actions link adjacent phenyl rings [centroid-centroid distance = 3.946 (2) Å].

  14. A comparative study of the phenyl ring motion in styrene oligomers and polystyrene using FIR absorption and depolarized Rayleigh wing spectra

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zoidis, E.; Borsdorf, Ch.; Strehle, F.; Dorfmüller, Th.

    1992-12-01

    FIR absorption and depolarized Rayleigh wing spectra of styrene oligomer model compounds and polystyrene standards with a narrow molecular weight distribution were recorded at various temperatures below and above the glass transition point. For a comparative discussion of the spectral properties we have used the reduced depolarized Rayleigh spectrum RVH( overlineν). In the case of cumene, 2,4-diphenylpentane and 2,4,6-triphenylheptane we were able to fit the well-known Mori function, which is often used to describe FIR absorption spectra of dipolar simple liquids, on the experimental data points. The analysis of the theoretical and band shape parameters obtained from the spectra measured as a function of chain length and temperature allows us to assume that the phenyl ring librational motion may be considered as the main dynamical process shaping the low-frequency part in the FIR absorption spectrum as well as in the depolarized Rayleigh wing of polystyrene.

  15. Characterization and genome functional analysis of a novel metamitron-degrading strain Rhodococcus sp. MET via both triazinone and phenyl rings cleavage

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fang, Hua; Xu, Tianheng; Cao, Duantao; Cheng, Longyin; Yu, Yunlong

    2016-08-01

    A novel bacterium capable of utilizing metamitron as the sole source of carbon and energy was isolated from contaminated soil and identified as Rhodococcus sp. MET based on its morphological characteristics, BIOLOG GP2 microplate profile, and 16S rDNA phylogeny. Genome sequencing and functional annotation of the isolate MET showed a 6,340,880 bp genome with a 62.47% GC content and 5,987 protein-coding genes. In total, 5,907 genes were annotated with the COG, GO, KEGG, Pfam, Swiss-Prot, TrEMBL, and nr databases. The degradation rate of metamitron by the isolate MET obviously increased with increasing substrate concentrations from 1 to 10 mg/l and subsequently decreased at 100 mg/l. The optimal pH and temperature for metamitron biodegradation were 7.0 and 20–30 °C, respectively. Based on genome annotation of the metamitron degradation genes and the metabolites detected by HPLC-MS/MS, the following metamitron biodegradation pathways were proposed: 1) Metamitron was transformed into 2-(3-hydrazinyl-2-ethyl)-hydrazono-2-phenylacetic acid by triazinone ring cleavage and further mineralization; 2) Metamitron was converted into 3-methyl-4-amino-6(2-hydroxy-muconic acid)-1,2,4-triazine-5(4H)-one by phenyl ring cleavage and further mineralization. The coexistence of diverse mineralization pathways indicates that our isolate may effectively bioremediate triazinone herbicide-contaminated soils.

  16. Anti-leishmanial and structure-activity relationship of ring substituted 3-phenyl-1-(1,4-di-N-oxide quinoxalin-2-yl)-2-propen-1-one derivatives.

    PubMed

    Burguete, Asunción; Estevez, Yannick; Castillo, Denis; González, Germán; Villar, Raquel; Solano, Beatriz; Vicente, Esther; Silanes, Silvia Pérez; Aldana, Ignacio; Monge, Antonio; Sauvain, Michel; Deharo, Eric

    2008-12-01

    A series of ring substituted 3-phenyl-1-(1,4-di-N-oxide quinoxalin-2-yl)-2-propen-1-one derivatives were synthesized and tested for in vitro leishmanicidal activity against amastigotes of Leishmania amazonensis in axenical cultures and murine infected macrophages. Structure-activity relationships demonstrated the importance of a radical methoxy at position R3', R4' and R5'. (2E)-3-(3,4,5-trimethoxy-phenyl)-1-(3,6,7-trimethyl-1,4-dioxy-quinoxalin-2-yl)-propenone was the most active. Cytotoxicity on macrophages revealed that this product was almost six times more active than toxic.

  17. N,N'-Bis(3-phenyl-prop-2-en-1-yl-idene)-2,2'-disulfanediyldianiline.

    PubMed

    Raftery, James; Jhaumeer-Laulloo, Sabina; Bhowon, Minu G; Chikhooree, Kiran; Joule, John A

    2010-11-27

    In the title compound, C(30)H(24)N(2)S(2), the two phenyl rings attached to the S atoms are oriented nearly perpendicularly, making a dihedral angle of 86.14 (8)°. Each of the two ArCH=CHCH=N units is almost planar, having maximum deviations from the least-squares planes of 0.125 and 0.149 Å, and rotated around the C-N bonds relative to the adjacent phenyl ring by 110.26 and 30.30°.

  18. Characterization and genome functional analysis of a novel metamitron-degrading strain Rhodococcus sp. MET via both triazinone and phenyl rings cleavage

    PubMed Central

    Fang, Hua; Xu, Tianheng; Cao, Duantao; Cheng, Longyin; Yu, Yunlong

    2016-01-01

    A novel bacterium capable of utilizing metamitron as the sole source of carbon and energy was isolated from contaminated soil and identified as Rhodococcus sp. MET based on its morphological characteristics, BIOLOG GP2 microplate profile, and 16S rDNA phylogeny. Genome sequencing and functional annotation of the isolate MET showed a 6,340,880 bp genome with a 62.47% GC content and 5,987 protein-coding genes. In total, 5,907 genes were annotated with the COG, GO, KEGG, Pfam, Swiss-Prot, TrEMBL, and nr databases. The degradation rate of metamitron by the isolate MET obviously increased with increasing substrate concentrations from 1 to 10 mg/l and subsequently decreased at 100 mg/l. The optimal pH and temperature for metamitron biodegradation were 7.0 and 20–30 °C, respectively. Based on genome annotation of the metamitron degradation genes and the metabolites detected by HPLC-MS/MS, the following metamitron biodegradation pathways were proposed: 1) Metamitron was transformed into 2-(3-hydrazinyl-2-ethyl)-hydrazono-2-phenylacetic acid by triazinone ring cleavage and further mineralization; 2) Metamitron was converted into 3-methyl-4-amino-6(2-hydroxy-muconic acid)-1,2,4-triazine-5(4H)-one by phenyl ring cleavage and further mineralization. The coexistence of diverse mineralization pathways indicates that our isolate may effectively bioremediate triazinone herbicide-contaminated soils. PMID:27578531

  19. Three-dimensional carbon allotropes comprising phenyl rings and acetylenic chains in sp+sp2 hybrid networks

    SciTech Connect

    Wang, Jian -Tao; Chen, Changfeng; Li, Han -Dong; Mizuseki, Hiroshi; Kawazoe, Yoshiyuki

    2016-04-18

    Here, we here identify by ab initio calculations a new type of three-dimensional (3D) carbon allotropes that consist of phenyl rings connected by linear acetylenic chains in sp+sp2 bonding networks. These structures are constructed by inserting acetylenic or diacetylenic bonds into an all sp2-hybridized rhombohedral polybenzene lattice, and the resulting 3D phenylacetylene and phenyldiacetylene nets comprise a 12-atom and 18-atom rhombohedral primitive unit cells R-3m symmetry, which are characterized as the 3D chiral crystalline modification of 2D graphyne and graphdiyne, respectively. Simulated phonon spectra reveal that these structures are dynamically stable. Electronic band calculations indicate that phenylacetylene is metallic, while phenyldiacetylene is a semiconductor with an indirect band gap of 0.58 eV. The present results establish a new type of carbon phases and offer insights into their outstanding structural and electronic properties.

  20. Methyl 2-[(3RS,4RS)-3-phenyl-4-(phenyl­sulfon­yl)isoxazolidin-2-yl]acetate

    PubMed Central

    Gültekin, Zeynep; Civan, Mehmet; Frey, Wolfgang; Hökelek, Tuncer

    2014-01-01

    In the title compound, C18H19NO5S, the five-membered isoxazolidine ring is in a half-chair conformation, and the phenyl rings are oriented at a dihedral angle of 66.53 (3)°. In the crystal, C—H⋯O hydrogen bonds link the mol­ecules into a three-dimensional supra­molecular structure. A weak C—H⋯π inter­action is also observed between adjacent mol­ecules. PMID:24940296

  1. Crystallization experiments with the dinuclear chelate ring complex di-μ-chlorido-bis[(η(2)-2-allyl-4-methoxy-5-{[(propan-2-yloxy)carbonyl]methoxy}phenyl-κC(1))platinum(II)].

    PubMed

    Nguyen Thi Thanh, Chi; Pham Van, Thong; Le Thi Hong, Hai; Van Meervelt, Luc

    2016-10-01

    Crystallization experiments with the dinuclear chelate ring complex di-μ-chlorido-bis[(η(2)-2-allyl-4-methoxy-5-{[(propan-2-yloxy)carbonyl]methoxy}phenyl-κC(1))platinum(II)], [Pt2(C15H19O4)2Cl2], containing a derivative of the natural compound eugenol as ligand, have been performed. Using five different sets of crystallization conditions resulted in four different complexes which can be further used as starting compounds for the synthesis of Pt complexes with promising anticancer activities. In the case of vapour diffusion with the binary chloroform-diethyl ether or methylene chloride-diethyl ether systems, no change of the molecular structure was observed. Using evaporation from acetonitrile (at room temperature), dimethylformamide (DMF, at 313 K) or dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO, at 313 K), however, resulted in the displacement of a chloride ligand by the solvent, giving, respectively, the mononuclear complexes (acetonitrile-κN)(η(2)-2-allyl-4-methoxy-5-{[(propan-2-yloxy)carbonyl]methoxy}phenyl-κC(1))chloridoplatinum(II) monohydrate, [Pt(C15H19O4)Cl(CH3CN)]·H2O, (η(2)-2-allyl-4-methoxy-5-{[(propan-2-yloxy)carbonyl]methoxy}phenyl-κC(1))chlorido(dimethylformamide-κO)platinum(II), [Pt(C15H19O4)Cl(C2H7NO)], and (η(2)-2-allyl-4-methoxy-5-{[(propan-2-yloxy)carbonyl]methoxy}phenyl-κC(1))chlorido(dimethyl sulfoxide-κS)platinum(II), determined as the analogue {η(2)-2-allyl-4-methoxy-5-[(ethoxycarbonyl)methoxy]phenyl-κC(1)}chlorido(dimethyl sulfoxide-κS)platinum(II), [Pt(C14H17O4)Cl(C2H6OS)]. The crystal structures confirm that acetonitrile interacts with the Pt(II) atom via its N atom, while for DMSO, the S atom is the coordinating atom. For the replacement, the longest of the two Pt-Cl bonds is cleaved, leading to a cis position of the solvent ligand with respect to the allyl group. The crystal packing of the complexes is characterized by dimer formation via C-H...O and C-H...π interactions, but no π-π interactions are observed despite the presence of

  2. Dimeth­yl(2-oxo-2-phenyl­eth­yl)sulfanium bromide

    PubMed Central

    Cao, Zhiling; Liu, Weiwei; Yin, Fujun

    2010-01-01

    Single crystals of the title compound, C10H13OS+·Br−, were obtained from ethyl acetate/ethyl ether after reaction of acetophenone with hydro­bromic acid and dimethyl­sulfoxide. The carbonyl group is almost coplanar with the neighbouring phenyl ring [O—C—C—C = 178.9 (2)°]. The sulfanium group shows a trigonal–pyramidal geometry at the S atom. The crystal structure is stabil­ized by C—H⋯Br hydrogen-bonding inter­actions. Weak π–π inter­actions link adjacent phenyl rings [centroid–centroid distance = 3.946 (2) Å]. PMID:21589491

  3. 1-Phenyl­isatin

    PubMed Central

    Shukla, Deepak; Rajeswaran, Manju

    2011-01-01

    In the title compound, C14H9NO2, the phenyl ring makes a dihedral angle of 50.59 (5)° with the mean plane of the isatin fragment. In the crystal, mol­ecules are linked through weak inter­molecular C—H⋯O hydrogen bonds. The crystal structure also exhibits two slipped π–π inter­actions between the benzene rings of neighbouring mol­ecules [centroid–centroid distance = 3.968 (3) Å, inter­planar distance = 3.484 (3) Å and slippage = 1.899 (3) Å], and between the phenyl rings of neighbouring mol­ecules [centroid–centroid distance = 3.968 (3) Å, inter­planar distance = 3.638 (3) Å and slippage = 1.584 (3) Å]. PMID:22091062

  4. Crystal structure and computational studies of (3Z)-4-benzoyl-3-[(2,4-di­nitro­phen­yl)hydrazinyl­idene]-5-phenyl­furan-2(3H)-one

    PubMed Central

    Köysal, Yavuz; Bülbül, Hakan; İlhan, İlhan Özer; Akın, Nazenin; Dege, Necmi

    2016-01-01

    In the mol­ecular structure of the title compound, C23H14N4O7, the furan, di­nitro­phenyl and phenyl rings are almost in the same plane (r.m.s. deviation = 0.127 Å), with the benzoyl ring inclined by a dihedral angle of 56.4 (1)° to the three-ring system. A bifurcated intra­molecular N—H⋯(O,O) hydrogen bond is present. In the crystal, adjacent mol­ecules are linked by C—H⋯O hydrogen bonds into chains parallel to [001]. A π–π stacking inter­action between the benzoyl and di­nitro­phenyl moieties contributes to the crystal packing. Theoretical calculations using DFT(B3YLP) methods were used to confirm the mol­ecular structure. PMID:27980848

  5. Study of 3,3' vs. 4,4' DDS isomer curatives on physical properties and phenyl ring motions of DGEBA epoxy via molecular dynamics, deuterium NMR, and dielectric spectroscopy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tucker, Samuel James

    (DMA) are employed. Deuterium (2H) NMR spin-lattice relaxation studies and lineshape analyses are powerful tools in determining the motional behavior of targeted chemical moieties within the glassy state. Solid state deuterium NMR studies were used to selectively study the phenyl ring motions of 33DDS, 44DDS, and DGEBA in 33DDS/DGEBA and 44DDS/DGEBA networks. Phenyl ring deuterated diglycidyl ether of bisphenol A (d8-DGEBA), 3,3'-diaminodiphenyl sulfone (d8-33DDS), and 4,4'-diaminodiphenyl sulfone (d8-44DDS) were all synthesized. Deuterated DGEBA was reacted with non-deuterated 33DDS and 44DDS to study the effect of the amine on the motions of the epoxy rings. Deuterated 33DDS and 44DDS were reacted with non-deuterated DGEBA to study the phenyl ring motions of the amines. Carbon NMR spectroscopy was also used to provide additional information about phenyl ring motions of the epoxies. While solid state NMR techniques can be used to elucidate the motions of specific chemistries and architectures within the network, secondary, or sub-Tg, relaxations seen in dielectric spectroscopy and dynamic mechanical analysis are often associated with mechanical properties, including modulus, toughness, and strength. The association of the chemistries responsible for specific motions and the contributions of these motions to secondary relaxations help connect the molecular scale to the macroscale. In this work, phenyl ring motions have been correlated with sub-Tg transitions observed with DES and DMA, furthering understanding of the relationship between chemical composition and mechanical properties in polymers. DES and DMA have also shown distinct differences in 33DDS/DGEBA and 44DDS/DGEBA. Solid state NMR techniques were used to study the kinetics of reaction of 33DDS and 44DDS with DGEBA. The reaction of most primary amines before reaction of secondary amines was observed in 33DDS/DGEBA and 44DDS/DGEBA. This provides information on network architecture by showing that DDS

  6. 6-Butyryl-5-hy-droxy-4-phenyl-seselin.

    PubMed

    Aree, Thammarat; Tip-Pyang, Santi; Sowanthip, Preecha

    2010-08-28

    IN THE TITLE COUMARIN COMPOUND (SYSTEMATIC NAME: 6-butyryl-5-hy-droxy-8,8-dimethyl-4-phenyl-2H,8H-benzo[1,2-b;3,4-b']dipyran-2-one), C(24)H(22)O(5), also known as mammea A/AC cyclo D, the chromene and pyran rings are almost coplanar with a maximum deviation from the mean plane of 0.295 (2) Å. The attached phenyl group is inclined at 53.49 (8)° with respect to the chromene ring. The mol-ecular structure is stabilized by an intra-molecular O-H⋯O hydrogen bond. In the crystal, mol-ecules are linked into sheets parallel to (101) by inter-molecular C-H⋯O hydrogen bonds. Adjacent sheets are sustained by inter-molecular C-H⋯π and π-π [centroid-centroid distance = 4.471 (2) Å] inter-actions.

  7. Discovery of highly selective and potent monoamine oxidase B inhibitors: Contribution of additional phenyl rings introduced into 2-aryl-1,3,4-oxadiazin-5(6H)-one.

    PubMed

    Lee, Jungeun; Lee, Yeongcheol; Park, So Jung; Lee, Joohee; Kim, Yeong Shik; Suh, Young-Ger; Lee, Jeeyeon

    2017-04-21

    Monoamine oxidase B (MAO-B) is a flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD)-containing enzyme that plays a major role in the oxidative deamination of biogenic amines and neurotransmitters. Inhibiting MAO-B activity is a promising approach in the treatment of neurological disorders. Here, we report a series of 2-aryl-1,3,4-oxadiazin-5(6H)-one derivatives as highly selective and potent MAO-B inhibitors. Analysis of the binding sites of hMAO-A and hMAO-B led to design of linear analogs of 2-aryl-1,3,4-oxadiazin-5(6H)-one with an additional phenyl ring. Biological evaluation of the 26 new derivatives resulted in the identification of highly potent and selective inhibitors with optimal physicochemical properties to potentially cross the blood-brain barrier (BBB). Compounds 18a, 18b, 18e and 25b potently inhibited MAO-B, with IC50 values of 4-25 nM and excellent SI over MAO-A (18a > 25000, 18b > 8333 and 18e > 4000 and 25b > 4545). Docking results suggest that an optimal linker between two aromatic rings on the 2-aryl-1,3,4-oxadiazin-5(6H)-one scaffold is a key element in the binding and inhibition of MAO-B.

  8. N-(4-Meth-oxy-phen-yl)-6-methyl-2-phenyl-5-{[4-(tri-fluoro-meth-yl)anilino]meth-yl}pyrimidin-4-amine.

    PubMed

    Cieplik, Jerzy; Pluta, Janusz; Bryndal, Iwona; Lis, Tadeusz

    2013-11-27

    The title compound, C26H23F3N4O, crystallizes with two symmetry-independent mol-ecules in the asymmetric unit, denoted A and B, which differ mainly in the rotation of the meth-oxy-phenyl ring. The -CF3 group of mol-ecule B is disordered by rotation, with the F atoms split over two sets of sites; the occupancy factor for the major component is 0.853 (4). The dihedral angles between the pyrimidine ring and the attached phenyl, meth-oxy-phenyl and tri-fluoro-methyl-phenyl rings are 8.1 (2), 37.5 (2) and 70.7 (2)°, respectively, in mol-ecule A, and 9.3 (2), 5.3 (2) and 79.7 (2)° in mol-ecule B. An intra-molecular N-H⋯N hydrogen bond occurs in each mol-ecule. In the crystal, two crystallographically independent mol-ecules associate into a dimer via a pair of N-H⋯N hydrogen bonds, with a resulting R 2 (2)(12) ring motif and π-π stacking inter-actions [centroid-centroid distance = 3.517 (4) Å] between the pyrimidine rings. For the A mol-ecules, there are inter-molecular C-H⋯O hydrogen bonds between an aryl C atom of meth-oxy-phenyl ring and a meth-oxy O atom of an adjacent mol-ecule. A similar inter-action is lacking in the B mol-ecules.

  9. Role of nitrogen substitution in phenyl ring on excited state intramolecular proton transfer and rotamerism of 2-(2'-hydroxyphenyl)benzimidazole: a theoretical study.

    PubMed

    Chipem, Francis A S; Dash, Nihar; Krishnamoorthy, G

    2011-03-14

    A comparative study of 2-(2'-hydroxy-3'-pyridyl)benzimidazole (2',3'-HPyBI), 2-(3'-hydroxy-4'-pyridyl)benzimidazole (3',4'-HPyBI), 2-(4'-hydroxy-3'-pyridyl)benzimidazole (4',3'-HPyBI), 2-(3'-hydroxy-2'-pyridyl)benzimidazole (3',2'-HPyBI), and 2-(5'-hydroxy-4'-pyrimidinyl)benzimidazole (5',4'-HPymBI) with 2-(2'-hydroxyphenyl)benzimidazole (HPBI) was performed theoretically to evaluate the effect of nitrogen substitution in the phenolic ring on the photophysics and rotamerism of HPBI. Density functional theory (DFT) and configuration interaction singles (CIS) combined with time-dependent DFT were employed for ground and excited state studies, respectively. Different possible molecular forms were considered for each molecule viz., cis-enol, trans-enol, open-enol, and keto forms. The computational results revealed that cis-enol is the most stable form in the ground state for all the molecules except in 2',3'-HPyBI. In 2',3'-HPyBI, K-2 keto is the most stable form. Water molecule assisted interconversions between different forms of 2',3'-HPyBI were examined theoretically. Excitation and emission energies for all the forms have been calculated theoretically and the values are in good agreement with the available experimental data. The calculations show that intramolecular proton transfer (ESIPT) is endothermic in the ground state while it is exothermic in the first excited singlet state (except 5',4'-HPymBI). The barrier for the excited state ESIPT reaction increases with nitrogen substitution. Torsional rotation between the benzimidazole and the pyridinyl∕pyrimidinyl rings in the S(1) state depicts that twisted-keto structures involve charge transfer from the hydroxypyridinyl∕hydoxypyrimidinyl to the benzimidazole ring. However, the formation of twisted-keto is not energetically favored in these systems.

  10. Computational study of bond dissociation enthalpies for lignin model compounds. Substituent effects in phenethyl phenyl ethers.

    PubMed

    Beste, Ariana; Buchanan, A C

    2009-04-03

    Lignin is an abundant natural resource that is a potential source of valuable chemicals. Improved understanding of the pyrolysis of lignin occurs through the study of model compounds for which phenethyl phenyl ether (PhCH(2)CH(2)OPh, PPE) is the simplest example representing the dominant beta-O-4 ether linkage. The initial step in the thermal decomposition of PPE is the homolytic cleavage of the oxygen-carbon bond. The rate of this key step will depend on the bond dissociation enthalpy, which in turn will depend on the nature and location of relevant substituents. We used modern density functional methods to calculate the oxygen-carbon bond dissociation enthalpies for PPE and several oxygen-substituted derivatives. Since carbon-carbon bond cleavage in PPE could be a competitive initial reaction under high-temperature pyrolysis conditions, we also calculated substituent effects on these bond dissociation enthalpies. We found that the oxygen-carbon bond dissociation enthalpy is substantially lowered by oxygen substituents situated at the phenyl ring adjacent to the ether oxygen. On the other hand, the carbon-carbon bond dissociation enthalpy shows little variation with different substitution patterns on either phenyl ring.

  11. Coprophagy by wild ring-tailed lemurs (Lemur catta) in human-disturbed locations adjacent to the Beza Mahafaly Special Reserve, Madagascar.

    PubMed

    Fish, Krista D; Sauther, Michelle L; Loudon, James E; Cuozzo, Frank P

    2007-06-01

    Coprophagy occurs in a number of animal species, including nonhuman primates. During the 2003-2004 dry seasons at the Beza Mahafaly Special Reserve, Madagascar, we observed wild ring-tailed lemurs (Lemur catta) consuming dried fecal matter from three different species. Ring-tailed lemurs consumed human feces on 12 occasions, cattle feces twice, and feral dog feces once. Coprophagy in this population may be a behavioral adaptation that provides animals access to energy and nutrients and may be an important nutritional source for older, and/or dentally impaired individuals during the dry season.

  12. 2-Amino-N′-phenyl­benzohydrazide

    PubMed Central

    Kesternich, Víctor; Gahona, Paulo; Pérez-Fehrmann, Marcia; Brito, Iván; López-Rodríguez, Matías

    2012-01-01

    In the title compound, C13H13N3O, the NNCO unit forms dihedral angles of 35.8 (1) and 84.0 (1)° with the benzene and phenyl rings, respectively. The dihedral angles between the aromatic rings is 61.2 (1)°. An intra­molecular N—H⋯O hydrogen bond occurs. In the crystal, mol­ecules are linked by weak N—H⋯O hydrogen bonds into C(4) chains parallel to the c axis. Neighbouring chains are linked by weak N—H⋯N hydrogen bonds, forming R 4 4(20) rings, and resulting in the formation of a two-dimensional network lying parallel to (010). The packing also features π–π stacking inter­actions between phenyl rings [centroid–centroid distance = 3.803 (2) Å]. PMID:22719614

  13. 1-Phenyl-4-(triphenyl­phosphanyl­idene)pyrrolidine-2,3,5-trione

    PubMed Central

    Fan, Da-He

    2008-01-01

    In the title compound, C28H20NO3P, the five-membered maleimide ring is almost planar. The inter­planar angles between the maleimide ring and the three P-bound phenyl rings are 70.6 (2), 60.4 (2) and 54.68 (18)°, while the dihedral angle between the maleimide ring and the N-bound phenyl group is 55.43 (19)°. PMID:21201913

  14. Crystal structure of (E)-2-[(2-hy­droxy-4-meth­oxy­phen­yl)(phen­yl)methyl­idene]-N-phenyl­hydrazine-1-carboxamide

    PubMed Central

    Annie, C. F.; Sithambaresan, M.; Kurup, M. R. Prathapachandra

    2015-01-01

    The title compound, C21H19N3O3, has an E conformation about the azomethine double bond. The central moiety of the hydrazinecarboxamide moiety [–N—N—C(=O)—N–] has an almost coplanar arrangement [maximum deviation for the C atom = 0.010 (2) Å]. This central moiety is flanked by three aromatic rings and its mean plane makes dihedral angles of 24.7 (1), 72.91 (12) and 34.26 (11) Å, respectively, with the phenolic ring, the phenyl ring attached to the same C atom as the phenolic ring, and the phenyl­hydrazine ring. The adjacent phenolic and phenyl rings are twisted away from each other to reduce steric hindrance and make a dihedral angle of 80.59 (12)°. The phenolic and phenyl­hydrazine rings are inclined to one another by 28.89 (11)°. The rigidity of the mol­ecule is increased by an intra­molecular O—H⋯N hydrogen bond involving the phenolic hydrogen and the azomethine N atom. In the crystal, the carbonyl O atom forms bifurcated hydrogen bonds with the two NH atoms of the hydrazinic group, leading to the formation of chains propagating along [001]. Within the chains there are also C—H⋯O hydrogen bonds present. The chains are linked via C=O⋯π [3.4316 (18) Å] and parallel slipped π–π inter­actions, involving inversion-related benzene rings [centroid–centroid distance = 3.8850 (14) Å; inter-planar distance = 3.3895 (10) Å; slippage = 1.899 Å], forming sheets lying parallel to (100). PMID:26029407

  15. 11-Methyl-12a-phenyl-9a,12a-dihydrophenanthro[9',10:5,6][1,4]dioxino[2,3-d]thiazole.

    PubMed

    Usman, Anwar; Razak, Ibrahim Abdul; Fun, Hoong Kun; Chantrapromma, Suchada; Zhang, Yan; Xu, Jian Hua

    2002-09-01

    In the title compound, C(24)H(17)NO(2)S, the dioxine and thiazoline rings are distorted from planarity towards a half-chair and an envelope conformation, respectively. The configurations of the dioxine ring, the thiazoline ring and the attached phenyl ring are conditioned by the sp(3) state of the two bridgehead C atoms. The phenanthrene system is nearly coplanar with the dioxine ring, while the attached phenyl ring is orthogonal to the thiazoline ring.

  16. Synthesis and anti-inflammatory/antioxidant activities of some new ring substituted 3-phenyl-1-(1,4-di-N-oxide quinoxalin-2-yl)-2-propen-1-one derivatives and of their 4,5-dihydro-(1H)-pyrazole analogues.

    PubMed

    Burguete, Asunción; Pontiki, Eleni; Hadjipavlou-Litina, Dimitra; Villar, Raquel; Vicente, Esther; Solano, Beatriz; Ancizu, Saioa; Pérez-Silanes, Silvia; Aldana, Ignacio; Monge, Antonio

    2007-12-01

    We report the synthesis, anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activities of novel ring substituted 3-phenyl-1-(1,4-di-N-oxide quinoxalin-2-yl)-2-propen-1-one derivatives and of their 4,5-dihydro-(1H)-pyrazole analogues. The tested compounds inhibit the carrageenin-induced rat paw edema (4.5-56.1%) and present important scavenging activities. Compound 2a is the most potent (56.1%) in the in vivo experiment and exhibits promising in vitro inhibition of soybean lipoxygenase (IC(50)<1microM).

  17. 6-Butyryl-5-hy­droxy-4-phenyl­seselin

    PubMed Central

    Aree, Thammarat; Tip-pyang, Santi; Sowanthip, Preecha

    2010-01-01

    In the title coumarin compound (systematic name: 6-butyryl-5-hy­droxy-8,8-dimethyl-4-phenyl-2H,8H-benzo[1,2-b;3,4-b′]dipyran-2-one), C24H22O5, also known as mammea A/AC cyclo D, the chromene and pyran rings are almost coplanar with a maximum deviation from the mean plane of 0.295 (2) Å. The attached phenyl group is inclined at 53.49 (8)° with respect to the chromene ring. The mol­ecular structure is stabilized by an intra­molecular O—H⋯O hydrogen bond. In the crystal, mol­ecules are linked into sheets parallel to (101) by inter­molecular C—H⋯O hydrogen bonds. Adjacent sheets are sustained by inter­molecular C—H⋯π and π–π [centroid–centroid distance = 4.471 (2) Å] inter­actions. PMID:21588783

  18. S-Phenyl benzothio-ate.

    PubMed

    Belay, Yonas H; Kinfe, Henok H; Muller, Alfred

    2012-10-01

    In the title compound, C(13)H(10)OS, the phenyl rings are inclined to one another by 51.12 (8)°. There is a short C-H⋯S contact in the molecule.In the crystal, molecules are linked via C-H⋯O hydrogen bonds forming chains along the a axis. Molecules are also linked by C-H⋯π and weak π-π interactions [centroid-centroid distance = 3.9543 (10) Å].

  19. 3-(1,3-Di­phenyl­propan-2-yl)-4-methyl-6-phenyl­isoxazolo[3,4-d]pyridazin-7(6H)-one

    PubMed Central

    Campana, Charles F.; Mirzaei, Joseph; Koerner, Chris; Gates, Christina; Natale, Nicholas R.

    2013-01-01

    In the title compound, C27H23N3O2, the geminal benzyl groups branching out from the methine adjacent to the isoxazole group are both syn-oriented to the methyl group of the pyridazinone moiety, as reflected by C—C distances of 3.812 (2) and 4.369 (2) Å between the methyl carbon and the nearest ring carbon of each benzyl group. This kind of conformation is retained in CDCl3 solution, as evidenced by distinct phenyl-shielding effects on the 1H NMR signals of the methyl H atoms. The isoxazolo[3,4-d]pyridazin ring system is virtually planar (r.m.s. deviation from planarity = 0.031 Å), but the N-bonded phenyl group is inclined to the former by an ring–ring angle of 55.05 (3)°. In the crystal, the T-shaped mol­ecules are arranged in an inter­locked fashion, forming rod-like assemblies along [10-1]. The mol­ecules are held together by unremarkable weak C—H⋯N, C—H⋯O and C—H⋯π inter­actions (C—O,N,C > 3.4 A), while significant π–π-stacking inter­actions are absent. PMID:24454112

  20. Isopropyl 1-benzoyl-4-benzo­yloxy-2,6-di­phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine-3-carboxyl­ate

    PubMed Central

    Govindan, E.; Murugavel, K.; Amirthaganesan, S.; SubbiahPandi, A.

    2014-01-01

    In the title compound, C35H31NO5, the piperidine ring has an envelope conformation, with the phenyl-substituted C atom adjacent to the methyl­ene C atom as the flap. This flap atom deviates by 0.633 (2) Å from the mean plane of the other five essentially coplanar atoms in the ring (r.m.s. deviation = 0.044 Å). Intra­molecular C—H⋯O hydrogen bonds form S(7) and S(9) ring motifs. In the crystal, mol­ecules are linked by pairs of C—H⋯O hydrogen bonds, forming inversion dimers with R 2 2(16) loops. PMID:25249905

  1. Ring-strain release in neutral and dicationic 7,8,17,18-tetra­bromo-5,10,15,20-tetra­phenyl­porphyrin: crystal structures of C44H26Br4N4 and C44H28Br4N4 2+·2ClO4 −·3CH2Cl2

    PubMed Central

    Scheidt, W. Robert; Duval, Hugues F.; Oliver, Allen G.

    2016-01-01

    Two porphyrin complexes were studied to determine the effects of protonation on ring deformation within the porphyrin. The porphyrin 7,8,17,18-tetra­bromo-5,10,15,20-tetra­phenyl­porphyrin, C44H26Br4N4, was selected because the neutral species is readily doubly protonated to yield a dication, which was crystallized here with perchlorate counter-ions as a di­chloro­methane tris­olvate, C44H28Br4N4 2+·2ClO4 −·3CH2Cl2. The centrosymmetric neutral species is observed to have a mild ‘ruffling’ of the pyrrole rings and is essentially planar throughout; intra­molecular N—H⋯N hydrogen bonds occur. In contrast, the dication exhibits considerable deformation, with the pyrrole rings oriented well out of the plane of the porphyrin, resulting in a ‘saddle’ conformation of the ring. The charged species forms N—H⋯O hydrogen bonds to the perchlorate anions, which lie above and below the plane of the porphyrin ring. Distortions to the planarity of the pyrrole rings in both cases are very minor. The characterization of the neutral species represents a low-temperature redetermination of the previous room-temperature analyses [Zou et al. (1995 ▸). Acta Cryst. C51, 760–761; Rayati et al. (2008 ▸). Polyhedron, pp. 2285–2290], which showed disorder and physically unrealistic displacement parameters. PMID:27308051

  2. Chemistry of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons formation from phenyl radical pyrolysis and reaction of phenyl and acetylene.

    PubMed

    Comandini, A; Malewicki, T; Brezinsky, K

    2012-03-15

    An experimental investigation of phenyl radical pyrolysis and the phenyl radical + acetylene reaction has been performed to clarify the role of different reaction mechanisms involved in the formation and growth of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) serving as precursors for soot formation. Experiments were conducted using GC/GC-MS diagnostics coupled to the high-pressure single-pulse shock tube present at the University of Illinois at Chicago. For the first time, comprehensive speciation of the major stable products, including small hydrocarbons and large PAH intermediates, was obtained over a wide range of pressures (25-60 atm) and temperatures (900-1800 K) which encompass the typical conditions in modern combustion devices. The experimental results were used to validate a comprehensive chemical kinetic model which provides relevant information on the chemistry associated with the formation of PAH compounds. In particular, the modeling results indicate that the o-benzyne chemistry is a key factor in the formation of multi-ring intermediates in phenyl radical pyrolysis. On the other hand, the PAHs from the phenyl + acetylene reaction are formed mainly through recombination between single-ring aromatics and through the hydrogen abstraction/acetylene addition mechanism. Polymerization is the common dominant process at high temperature conditions.

  3. 1-(5-Bromo-4-phenyl-1,3-thia­zol-2-yl)pyrrolidin-2-one

    PubMed Central

    Ghabbour, Hazem A.; Kadi, Adnan A.; El-Subbagh, Hussein I.; Chia, Tze Shyang; Fun, Hoong-Kun

    2012-01-01

    The asymmetric unit of the title compound, C13H11BrN2OS, consists of two crystallographically independent mol­ecules (A and B). In each mol­ecule, the pyrrolidine ring adopts an envelope conformation with a methyl­ene C atom as the flap atom. In mol­ecule A, the central thia­zole ring makes a dihedral angle of 36.69 (11)° with the adjacent phenyl ring, whereas the corresponding angle is 36.85 (12)° in mol­ecule B. The pyrrolidine ring is slightly twisted from the thia­zole ring, with C—N—C—N torsion angles of 4.8 (3) and 3.0 (4)° in mol­ecules A and B, respectively. In the crystal, C—H⋯π and π–π [centroid-to-centroid distance = 3.7539 (14) Å] inter­actions are observed. The crystal studied was a pseudo-merohedral twin with twin law (-100 0-10 101) and a refined component ratio of 0.7188 (5):0.2812 (5). PMID:22719524

  4. 4-Benzyl-6-bromo-2-phenyl-4H-imidazo[4,5-b]pyridine

    PubMed Central

    Ouzidan, Y.; Obbade, S.; Capet, F.; Essassi, El Mokhtar; Ng, Seik Weng

    2010-01-01

    The imidazopyridine fused ring in the title compound, C19H14BrN3, is almost coplanar with the phenyl ring at the 2-position of the five-membered ring [dihedral angle = 2.4 (1). The crystal structure features short Br⋯Br contacts [3.562 (1) Å]. PMID:21580750

  5. The effect of bromine scanning around the phenyl group of 4-phenyl­quinolone derivatives

    PubMed Central

    Steiger, Scott A.; Monacelli, Anthony J.; Li, Chun; Hunting, Janet L.; Natale, Nicholas R.

    2014-01-01

    Three quinolone compounds were synthesized and crystallized in an effort to study the structure–activity relationship of these calcium-channel antagonists. In all three quinolones, viz. ethyl 4-(4-bromo­phenyl)-2,7,7-trimethyl-5-oxo-1,4,5,6,7,8-hexa­hydro­quinoline-3-carboxyl­ate, (I), ethyl 4-(3-bromo­phenyl)-2,7,7-trimethyl-5-oxo-1,4,5,6,7,8-hexa­hydro­quinoline-3-car­box­yl­ate, (II), and ethyl 4-(2-bromo­phenyl)-2,7,7-trimethyl-5-oxo-1,4,5,6,7,8-hexa­hydro­quinoline-3-carboxyl­ate, (III), all C21H24BrNO3, common structural features such as a flat boat conformation of the 1,4-di­hydro­pyridine (1,4-DHP) ring, an envelope conformation of the fused cyclo­hexa­none ring and a bromo­phenyl ring at the pseudo-axial position and orthogonal to the 1,4-DHP ring are retained. However, due to the different packing inter­actions in each compound, halogen bonds are observed in (I) and (III). Compound (III) crystallizes with two molecules in the asymmetric unit. All of the prepared derivatives satisfy the basic structural requirements to possess moderate activity as calcium-channel antagonists. PMID:25093361

  6. Concentric ring flywheel without expansion separators

    DOEpatents

    Kuklo, Thomas C.

    1999-01-01

    A concentric ring flywheel wherein the adjacent rings are configured to eliminate the need for differential expansion separators between the adjacent rings. This is accomplished by forming a circumferential step on an outer surface of an inner concentric ring and forming a matching circumferential step on the inner surface of an adjacent outer concentric ring. During operation the circumferential steps allow the rings to differentially expand due to the difference in the radius of the rings without the formation of gaps therebetween, thereby eliminating the need for expansion separators to take up the gaps formed by differential expansion.

  7. Concentric ring flywheel without expansion separators

    DOEpatents

    Kuklo, T.C.

    1999-08-24

    A concentric ring flywheel wherein the adjacent rings are configured to eliminate the need for differential expansion separators between the adjacent rings. This is accomplished by forming a circumferential step on an outer surface of an inner concentric ring and forming a matching circumferential step on the inner surface of an adjacent outer concentric ring. During operation the circumferential steps allow the rings to differentially expand due to the difference in the radius of the rings without the formation of gaps therebetween, thereby eliminating the need for expansion separators to take up the gaps formed by differential expansion. 3 figs.

  8. 1-Benzhydryl-4-(4-chloro­phenyl­sulfonyl)piperazine

    PubMed Central

    Girisha, H. R.; Naveen, S.; Vinaya, K.; Sridhar, M. A.; Shashidhara Prasad, J.; Rangappa, K. S.

    2008-01-01

    The title compound, C23H23ClN2O2S, was synthesized by the nucleophilic substitution of 1-benzhydrylpiperazine with 4-chloro­phenyl­sulfonyl chloride. The piperazine ring is in a chair conformation. The geometry around the S atom is that of a distorted tetra­hedron. There is a large range of bond angles around the piperazine N atoms. The dihedral angle between the least-squares plane (p1) defined by the four coplanar C atoms of the piperazine ring and the benzene ring is 81.6 (1)°. The dihedral angles between p1 and the phenyl rings are 76.2 (1) and 72.9 (2)°. The two phenyl rings make a dihedral angle of 65.9 (1)°. Intramolecular C—H⋯O hydrogen bonds are present. PMID:21201390

  9. 2-[4-Acetyl-5-(biphenyl-4-yl)-4,5-dihydro-1,3,4-oxadiazol-2-yl]phenyl acetate

    PubMed Central

    Yehye, Wagee A.; Ariffin, Azhar; Rahman, Noorsaadah Abdul; Ng, Seik Weng

    2010-01-01

    In the title mol­ecule, C24H20N2O4, the five-membered oxadiazole ring is nearly planar (r.m.s. deviation = 0.053 Å) and the phenyl ring of the biphenyl unit attached to it forms a dihedral angle of 73.2 (1)°; the other phenyl ring is close to coplanar with the oxadiazole ring [dihedral angle = 6.2 (2)°]. PMID:21580697

  10. 2,3-Dicyano-4-[(4-methyl­phenyl­sulfon­yl)­oxy]phenyl 4-methyl­benzene­sulfonate

    PubMed Central

    Deng, Yanhua; Ma, Changqin; Zhang, Xiaomei

    2011-01-01

    In the title compound, C22H16N2O6S2, the dihedral angle formed by the mean planes of the two benzene rings of the 4-methyl­phenyl­sulfonate groups is 21.9 (1)° and these rings form dihedral angles of 48.26 (9) and 52.73 (9)° with the central benzene ring. PMID:21754170

  11. Benzyl 5-phenyl-pyrazolo-[5,1-a]isoquino-line-1-carboxyl-ate.

    PubMed

    Lu, Yu-Kun; Yao, Xiao; Luo, Li-Wen; Lü, Ren-Qing; Liu, Yun-Qi

    2011-12-01

    In the title compound, C(25)H(18)N(2)O(2), the pyrazolo-[5,1-a]iso-quin-oline ring system is approximately planar [maximum deviation = 0.027 (2) Å] and is oriented at dihedral angles of 57.22 (6) and 71.36 (7)° with respect to the two phenyl rings. The phenyl rings are twisted to each other by a dihedral angle of 66.33 (8)°. A weak intra-molecular C-H⋯O hydrogen bond occurs. In the crystal, weak C-H⋯π inter-actions are present.

  12. 2-(1,3-Benzothia-zol-2-ylsulfan-yl)-1-phenyl-ethanone.

    PubMed

    Loghmani-Khouzani, Hossein; Hajiheidari, Dariush; Robinson, Ward T; Abdul Rahman, Noorsaadah; Kia, Reza

    2009-09-12

    In the mol-ecule of the title compound, C(15)H(11)NOS(2), the 1,3-benzothia-zole ring is oriented at a dihedral angle of 6.61 (6)° with respect to the phenyl ring. In the crystal structure, inter-molecular C-H⋯O inter-actions link the mol-ecules in a herring-bone arrangement along the b axis and π-π contacts between the thia-zole and phenyl rings [centroid-centroid distance = 3.851 (1) Å] may further stabilize the structure.

  13. 2-Phenyl-2,3-dihydro-phenanthro[9,10-b][1,4]dioxine.

    PubMed

    Fun, Hoong-Kun; Quah, Ching Kheng; Wu, Dongdong; Zhang, Yan

    2011-02-05

    In the title compound, C(22)H(16)O(2), the phenanthrene ring system is essentially planar [maximum deviation = 0.058 (1) Å] and is inclined at an angle of 58.39 (6)° to the phenyl ring. The 1,4-dioxane ring is in a chair conformation. In the crystal, mol-ecules are stacked along the b axis, but no significant hydrogen bonds are observed.

  14. Degradation of diphenyl ether in Sphingobium phenoxybenzoativorans SC_3 is initiated by a novel ring-cleavage dioxygenase.

    PubMed

    Cai, Shu; Chen, Li-Wei; Ai, Yu-Chun; Qiu, Ji-Guo; Wang, Cheng-Hong; Shi, Chao; He, Jian; Cai, Tian-Ming

    2017-03-10

    Sphingobium phenoxybenzoativorans SC_3 degrades and utilizes diphenyl ether (DE) and 2-carboxy DE as its sole carbon and energy source. In this study, we report the degradation of DE and 2-carboxy DE initiated by a novel ring-cleavage angular dioxygenase (Dpe) in the strain. Dpe functions at the angular carbon and its adjacent carbon (C1a, C2) of a benzene ring in DE (or the 2-carboxy benzene ring in 2-carboxy DE) and cleaves the C1a-C2 bond (decarboxylation is simultaneously happened for 2-carboxy DE), yielding 2,4-hexadienal phenyl ester, which is subsequently hydrolyzed to muconic acid semialdehyde and phenol. Dpe is a type IV Rieske non-heme iron oxygenase (RHO) and consists of three components: a hetero-oligomer oxygenase, a [2Fe-2S]-type ferredoxin and a GR (glutathione reductase)-type reductase. Genetic analyses revealed that dpeA1A2 plays an essential role in degradation and utilization of DE and 2-carboxy DE in S. phenoxybenzoativorans SC_3. Enzymatic study showed that transformation of one molecule of DE needs two molecules of oxygen and two molecules of NADH, supporting the assumption that the cleavage of DE catalyzed by Dpe is a continuous two-step dioxygenation process: DE is dioxygenated at C1a, C2 to form an hemiacetal-like intermediates, which is further dioxygenated resulting the cleavage of the C1a-C2 bond to form one molecule of 2,4-hexadienal phenyl ester and two molecules of H2O. This study extends our knowledge of the mode and mechanism of ring-cleavage of aromatic compounds.IMPORTANCE Benzene ring-cleavage, catalyzed by dioxygenase, is the key and speed limiting step in the aerobic degradation of aromatic compounds. Previously reported ring-cleavage of DEs, the benzene ring needs to be firstly dihydroxylated at lateral position, and subsequently dehydrogenated and opened through extradiol cleavage. This process requires three enzymes (two dioxygenases and one dehydrogenase). In this study, we identified a novel angular dioxygenase (Dpe) in S

  15. Bifunctional phenyl monophosphonic/sulfonic acid ion exchange resin and process for using the same

    DOEpatents

    Alexandratos, Spiro; Shelley, Christopher A.; Horwitz, E. Philip; Chiarizia, Renato

    2001-01-01

    A cross-linked water-insoluble ion exchange resin comprised of polymerized monomers having a phenyl ring is disclosed. A contemplated resin contains (i) polymerized phenyl ring-containing monomers having a phosphonic acid ligand linked to the phenyl ring, (ii) about 2 to about 5 millimoles per gram (mmol/g) of phosphorus as phosphonic acid ligands, and (iii) a sufficient amount of a sulfonic acid ligand such that the ratio of mmol/g of phosphonic acid to mmol/g sulfonic acid is up to 3:1. A process for removing polyvalent metal cations from aqueous solution, and a process for removing iron(III) cations from acidic copper(II) cation-containing solutions that utilize the contemplated resin or other resins are disclosed.

  16. Bifunctional phenyl monophosphonic/sulfonic acid ion exchange resin and process for using the same

    DOEpatents

    Alexandratos, Spiro; Shelley, Christopher A.; Horwitz, E. Philip; Chiarizia, Renato; Gula, Michael J.; Xue, Sui; Harvey, James T.

    2002-01-01

    A cross-linked water-insoluble ion exchange resin comprised of polymerized monomers having a phenyl ring is disclosed. A contemplated resin contains (i) polymerized phenyl ring-containing monomers having a phosphonic acid ligand linked to the phenyl ring, (ii) about 2 to about 5 millimoles per gram (mmol/g) of phosphorus as phosphonic acid ligands, and (iii) a sufficient amount of a sulfonic acid ligand such that the ratio of mmol/g of phosphonic acid to mmol/g sulfonic acid is up to 3:1. A process for removing polyvalent metal cations from aqueous solution, and a process for removing iron(III) cations from acidic copper(II) cation-containing solutions that utilize the contemplated resin or other resins are disclosed.

  17. (S)-1-Ferrocenyl-3-hy­droxy-3-phenyl­propan-1-one

    PubMed Central

    Wang, Ping-An

    2011-01-01

    In the title compound, [Fe(C5H5)(C14H13O2)], the dihedral angle between the phenyl ring and the unsubstituted cyclo­petadienyl ring is 85.0 (2)°while that between the phenyl ring and the substituted cyclo­petadienyl ring is 83.6 (2)°. The dihedral angle between the two cyclo­penta-1,3-diene rings of the ferrocene unit is 2.2 (2)°. The mol­ecules are stabilized by inter­molecular O—H⋯O hydrogen-bonding inter­action within the crystal lattice. PMID:21522855

  18. 1-Ethyl-2-phenyl-3-[2-(tri-methyl-sil-yl)ethyn-yl]-1H-indole.

    PubMed

    Baglai, Iaroslav; Maraval, Valérie; Duhayon, Carine; Chauvin, Remi

    2013-06-01

    The title compound, C21H23NSi, was synthesized by Sonogashira-type reaction of 1-ethyl-3-iodo-2-phenyl-1H-indole with tri-methyl-silyl-acetyl-ene. The indole ring system is nearly planar [maximum atomic deviation = 0.0244 (15) Å] and is oriented at a dihedral angle of 51.48 (4)° with respect to the phenyl ring. The supramolecular aggregation is completed by weak C-H⋯π inter-actions of the methylene and phenyl groups with the benzene and pyrrole rings of the indole ring system. The methyl groups of the tri-methyl-silyl unit are equally disordered over two sets of sites.

  19. Synthesis, spectroscopy, and quantum-chemical calculations on 1-substituted phenyl-3,5-diphenylformazans.

    PubMed

    Tezcan, Habibe; Tokay, Nesrin

    2010-01-01

    In this study 1-substituted phenyl-3,5-diphenylformazans were synthesized from benzaldehyde-N-phenylhydrazone and appropriate phenyldiazonium salts having CH(3), Br, and Cl at the o-, m-, and p-positions of 1-phenyl ring. Their structures were determined by infrared and ultraviolet-visible spectra. Bathochromic effect in accordance with the electron-donating effect of CH(3), Br, and Cl group and its magnitude were dependent upon type and position of substituent on the ring. The ground-state geometries and absorption wavelengths for 1-phenyl substituted formazans were studied with density functional theory and time-dependent density functional theory. The calculations were carried out by using PBE1PBE functional with 6-311G(2d,2p) basis set for lambda(max) of the UV-vis spectra for the studied formazans. A good agreement was obtained between the experimental and computed values.

  20. 1,1,2,2-Tetra­phenyl-1λ5-diphosphane 1-sulfide

    PubMed Central

    Aluri, Bhaskar R.; Peitz, Stephan; Wöhl, Anina; Peulecke, Normen; Müller, Bernd H.; Spannenberg, Anke; Rosenthal, Uwe

    2009-01-01

    In the title mol­ecule, C24H20P2S, the P—P bond length is 2.2263 (5) Å. The two phenyl rings attached to the three- and five-coordinated P atoms, respectively, form dihedral angles of 56.22 (5) and 71.74 (5)°. PMID:21581997

  1. 1-(2,6-Diisopropyl-phen-oxy)-4-phenyl-phthalazine.

    PubMed

    Tong, Bihai; Mei, Qunying

    2012-08-01

    In the title mol-ecule, C(26)H(26)N(2)O, the phenyl and phen-oxy rings form dihedral angles of 54.66 (7) and 84.83 (6)°, respectively, with the phthalazine mean plane. The crystal packing exhibits weak C-H⋯π inter-actions.

  2. 2-Phenyl-2,3-dihydro­phenanthro[9,10-b][1,4]dioxine

    PubMed Central

    Fun, Hoong-Kun; Quah, Ching Kheng; Wu, Dongdong; Zhang, Yan

    2011-01-01

    In the title compound, C22H16O2, the phenanthrene ring system is essentially planar [maximum deviation = 0.058 (1) Å] and is inclined at an angle of 58.39 (6)° to the phenyl ring. The 1,4-dioxane ring is in a chair conformation. In the crystal, mol­ecules are stacked along the b axis, but no significant hydrogen bonds are observed. PMID:21522334

  3. Crystal structure of 1-acetyl-3-(4-methylphenyl)-5-phenyl-4,5-dihydro-1 H-pyrazole

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bülbül, H.; Tinmaz, F.; Dege, N.; Özer İlhan, İ.; Sarıpınar, E.

    2014-12-01

    In the title compound, C18H18N2O, the whole molecule is not planar but the phenyl ring systems are planar individually. The central pyrazole ring system is twisted with puckering parameters Q = 0.1610(18) Å and φ = 82.2(6)°. The crystallographic structure is stabilized by C-H⋯N type intramolecular hydrogen bond, generating ring motif R(5).

  4. Reaction of 1-chloro-1-methylcyclohexane with phenyl- and benzyl-trimethylsilanes in the presence of aluminum chloride

    SciTech Connect

    Bolestova, G.I.; Parnes, Z.N.; Vol'pin, M.E.

    1988-10-20

    In the reaction of 1-chloro-1-methylcyclohexane with phenyltrimethylsilane and benzyltrimethylsilane in the presence of aluminum chloride the chlorine atom is substituted by a phenyl or benzyl group with the formation of 1-methyl-1-phenyl- and 1-methyl-1-benzylcyclohexane, respectively. In the case of benzyltrimethylsilane the products from alkylation of the benzene ring of the benzyltrimethylsilane by the 1-methylcyclohexyl carbocation in the Friedel-Crafts reaction are formed in addition to 1-methyl-1-benzylcyclohexane.

  5. Ring laser gyroscope anode

    SciTech Connect

    Ljung, B.H.

    1981-03-17

    An anode for a ring laser gyroscope which provides improved current stability in the glow discharge path is disclosed. The anode of this invention permits operation at lower currents thereby allowing a reduction of heat dissipation in the ring laser gyroscope. The anode of one embodiment of this invention is characterized by a thumbtack appearance with a spherical end where the normal sharp end of the thumbtack would be located. The stem of the anode extends from the outside of the gyroscope structure to the interior of the structure such that the spherical end is substantially adjacent to the laser beam.

  6. 4-(Diphenyl­amino)­benzaldehyde 4-phenyl­thio­semicarbazone

    PubMed Central

    Mendoza-Meroño, Rafael; Menéndez-Taboada, Laura; García-Granda, Santiago

    2012-01-01

    The title mol­ecule, C26H22N4S, is composed of three main parts, viz. a triphenyl­amine group is connected to a phenyl ring by a thio­semicarbazone moiety. The C= N double bond has an E conformation. The crystal packing is dominated by strong hydrogen bonds through the thio­semicarbazone moiety, with pairs of N—H⋯S hydrogen bonds linking the mol­ecules to form inversion dimers with an R 2 2(8) ring motif. An intra­molecular N—H⋯N hydrogen bond is also present, generating an S(5) ring motif. Although the structure contains four phenyl rings, π–π stacking inter­actions are not formed between them, probably due to the conformation adopted by the triphenyl­amine group. However, a weak π–π stacking inter­action is observed between the phenyl ring and the delocalized thio­semicarbazone moiety. PMID:22904859

  7. Crystal structure of 1-bromo-2-(phenyl­selen­yl)benzene

    PubMed Central

    Charette, Bronte J.; Ritch, Jamie S.

    2015-01-01

    In the title compound, C12H9BrSe, the Se atom exhibits a bent geometry, with a C—Se—C bond angle of 99.19 (6)°. The ortho Se and Br atoms are slightly displaced from opposite faces of the mean plane of the benzene ring [by 0.129 (2) and 0.052 (2) Å, respectively]. The planes of the benzene and phenyl rings form a dihedral angle of 72.69 (5)°. In the crystal, π-stacking inter­actions between inversion-related phenyl rings are observed, with a centroid–centroid distance of 3.630 (1) Å. PMID:25844201

  8. Crystal structure of 1-bromo-2-(phenyl-selen-yl)benzene.

    PubMed

    Charette, Bronte J; Ritch, Jamie S

    2015-03-01

    In the title compound, C12H9BrSe, the Se atom exhibits a bent geometry, with a C-Se-C bond angle of 99.19 (6)°. The ortho Se and Br atoms are slightly displaced from opposite faces of the mean plane of the benzene ring [by 0.129 (2) and 0.052 (2) Å, respectively]. The planes of the benzene and phenyl rings form a dihedral angle of 72.69 (5)°. In the crystal, π-stacking inter-actions between inversion-related phenyl rings are observed, with a centroid-centroid distance of 3.630 (1) Å.

  9. 2,2-Dichloro-1-(2-phenyl-1,3-oxazolidin-3-yl)ethanone

    PubMed Central

    Ye, Fei; Fu, Ying; Zhao, Shuang

    2010-01-01

    In the title mol­ecule, C11H11Cl2NO2, the oxazolidine ring is in an envelope conformation with the O atom forming the flap; the other four essentially planar ring atoms (r.m.s. deviation = 0.012 Å) form a dihedral angle of 91.1 (3)° with the phenyl ring. In the crystal structure, mol­ecules are linked by weak inter­molecular C—H⋯O hydrogen bonds, forming one-dimensional chains. PMID:21579860

  10. 2,3,5-Triphenyl-2H-tetra­zol-3-ium tetra­phenyl­borate

    PubMed Central

    Fun, Hoong-Kun; Chia, Tze Shyang; Mostafa, Gamal A. E.; Hefnawy, Mohamed M.; Abdel-Aziz, Hatem A.

    2012-01-01

    In the title salt, C19H15N4 +·C24H20B−, the tetra­phenyl­borate anion is in a tetra­hedral geometry around the B atom [C—B—C angles of 107.10 (9)–111.79 (9)°]. In the cation, the tetra­zole ring makes dihedral angles of 3.04 (7), 51.75 (7) and 51.13 (7)° with the attached phenyl rings. In the crystal, C—H⋯π inter­actions link the cations and anions into ion pairs. PMID:22904995

  11. Phenylated Polyimides With Greater Solubility

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Harris, Frank W.

    1991-01-01

    In experiments, 3,6-diphenylpyromellitic dianhydride monomer prepared and polymerized with several different diamines. Polyimides with pendent phenyl groups along polymer backbones considerably more soluble than PMDA-based materials. Increased solubility eases processing, providing increased potential use in variety of applications. Because most polymers soluble in organic solvents, usable in microelectronics applications. Excellent thermal stabilities and high transition temperatures make them ideally suited. Many polymers extremely rigid and useful as reinforcing polymers in molecular composites. More flexible compositions useful as matrix resins in carbon-reinforced composites.

  12. Saturn's Rings

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cuzzi, J. N.

    2014-12-01

    The rings are changing before our eyes; structure varies on all timescales and unexpected things have been discovered. Many questions have been answered, but some answers remain elusive (see Cuzzi et al 2010 for a review). Here we highlight the major ring science progress over the mission to date, and describe new observations planned for Cassini's final three years. Ring Composition and particle sizes: The rings are nearly all water ice with no other ices - so why are they reddish? The C Ring and Cassini Division are "dirtier" than the more massive B and A Rings, as shown by near-IR and, recently, microwave observations. Particle sizes, from stellar and radio occultations, vary from place to place. Ring structure, micro and macro: numerous spiral density waves and ubiquitous "self-gravity wakes" reveal processes which fostered planet formation in the solar system and elsewhere. However, big puzzles remain regarding the main ring divisions, the C Ring plateau structures, and the B Ring irregular structure. Moonlets, inside and out, seen and unseen: Two gaps contain sizeable moonlets, but more gaps seem to contain none; even smaller embedded "propeller" objects wander, systematically or randomly, through the A ring. Rubble pile ringmoons just outside the rings may escaped from the rings, and the recently discovered "Peggy" may be trying this as we watch. Impact bombardment of the rings: Comet fragments set the rings to rippling on century-timescales, and boulders crash through hourly; meanwhile, the constant hail of infalling Kuiper belt material has a lower mass flux than previously thought. Origin and Age of the Rings: The ring mass and bombardment play key roles. The ring mass is well known everywhere but in the B Ring (where most of it is). New models suggest how tidal breakup of evolving moons may have formed massive ancient rings, of which the current ring is just a shadow. During its last three years, the Cassini tour profile will allow entirely new

  13. 40 CFR 721.3063 - Substituted phenyl azo substituted phenyl esters (generic name).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... phenyl esters (generic name). 721.3063 Section 721.3063 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL... esters (generic name). (a) Chemical substance and significant new uses subject to reporting. (1) The chemical substances identified generically as substituted phenyl azo substituted phenyl esters (PMNs...

  14. 40 CFR 721.3063 - Substituted phenyl azo substituted phenyl esters (generic name).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... phenyl esters (generic name). 721.3063 Section 721.3063 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL... esters (generic name). (a) Chemical substance and significant new uses subject to reporting. (1) The chemical substances identified generically as substituted phenyl azo substituted phenyl esters (PMNs...

  15. 40 CFR 721.3063 - Substituted phenyl azo substituted phenyl esters (generic name).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... phenyl esters (generic name). 721.3063 Section 721.3063 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL... esters (generic name). (a) Chemical substance and significant new uses subject to reporting. (1) The chemical substances identified generically as substituted phenyl azo substituted phenyl esters (PMNs...

  16. 40 CFR 721.3063 - Substituted phenyl azo substituted phenyl esters (generic name).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... phenyl esters (generic name). 721.3063 Section 721.3063 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL... esters (generic name). (a) Chemical substance and significant new uses subject to reporting. (1) The chemical substances identified generically as substituted phenyl azo substituted phenyl esters (PMNs...

  17. Concentric ring flywheel with hooked ring carbon fiber separator/torque coupler

    DOEpatents

    Kuklo, Thomas C.

    1999-01-01

    A concentric ring flywheel with expandable separators, which function as torque couplers, between the rings to take up the gap formed between adjacent rings due to differential expansion between different radius rings during rotation of the flywheel. The expandable separators or torque couplers include a hook-like section at an upper end which is positioned over an inner ring and a shelf-like or flange section at a lower end onto which the next adjacent outer ring is positioned. As the concentric rings are rotated the gap formed by the differential expansion there between is partially taken up by the expandable separators or torque couplers to maintain torque and centering attachment of the concentric rings.

  18. Concentric ring flywheel with hooked ring carbon fiber separator/torque coupler

    DOEpatents

    Kuklo, T.C.

    1999-07-20

    A concentric ring flywheel with expandable separators, which function as torque couplers, between the rings to take up the gap formed between adjacent rings due to differential expansion between different radius rings during rotation of the flywheel. The expandable separators or torque couplers include a hook-like section at an upper end which is positioned over an inner ring and a shelf-like or flange section at a lower end onto which the next adjacent outer ring is positioned. As the concentric rings are rotated the gap formed by the differential expansion there between is partially taken up by the expandable separators or torque couplers to maintain torque and centering attachment of the concentric rings. 2 figs.

  19. Vascular ring

    MedlinePlus

    ... with aberrant subclavian and left ligamentum ateriosus; Congenital heart defect - vascular ring; Birth defect heart - vascular ring ... accounts for less than 1% of all congenital heart problems. The condition occurs as often in males ...

  20. Neptune's rings

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1999-01-01

    This 591-second exposure of the rings of Neptune were taken with the clear filter by the Voyager 2 wide-angle camera. The two main rings are clearly visible and appear complete over the region imaged. Also visible in this image is the inner faint ring and the faint band which extends smoothly from the ring roughly halfway between the two bright rings. Both of these newly discovered rings are broad and much fainter than the two narrow rings. The bright glare is due to over-exposure of the crescent on Neptune. Numerous bright stars are evident in the background. Both bright rings have material throughout their entire orbit, and are therefore continuous. The Voyager Mission is conducted by JPL for NASA's Office of Space Science and Applications.

  1. Crystal structure of bis­[μ-1,4-bis­(di­phenyl­phos­phan­yl)butane-κ2 P:P′]bis­[(3,4,7,8-tetra­methyl-1,10-phenanthroline-κ2 N,N′)copper(I)] bis­(hexa­fluorido­phosphate) di­chloro­methane disolvate

    PubMed Central

    Nishikawa, Michihiro; Mutsuura, Kotaro; Tsubomura, Taro

    2016-01-01

    The dication of the title compound, [Cu2(C28H28P2)2(C16H16N2)2](PF6)2·2CH2Cl2, has crystallographically imposed inversion symmetry. The copper(I) cation is coordinated in a distorted tetra­hedral geometry by two N atoms of a chelating 3,4,7,8-tetra­methyl-1,10-phenanthroline ligand and two P atoms of two bridging 1,4-bis­(di­phenyl­phosphan­yl)butane ligands, forming a 14-membered ring. An intra­molecular π–π inter­action stabilizes the conformation of the dication. In the crystal, dications are linked by π–π inter­actions involving adjacent phenanthroline rings, forming chains running parallel to [111]. Weak C—H⋯F hydrogen inter­actions are also observed. PMID:27840706

  2. 6-Allyl-8-meth­oxy-3-phenyl-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[e][1,3]oxazine

    PubMed Central

    Zhu, Jing; Ren, Zhi-Dong; Liu, Yang; Zhao, Lei; Wu, Yong

    2011-01-01

    In the title compound, C18H19NO2, the allyl group is disordered over two sets of sites [occupancy ratio 0.662 (4):0.338 (4)]. The dihedral angle between the phenyl and benzene rings is 87.44 (10)°. The oxazinane ring adopts a sofa conformation. PMID:22091082

  3. Phenyl N-(5-chloro-2-nitro-phenyl)carbamate.

    PubMed

    Zou, Bao-Hua; Fang, Zheng; Zhong, Hui; Kai, Guo; Wei, Ping

    2012-08-01

    In the title compound, C(13)H(9)ClN(2)O(4), the dihedral angle between the benzene rings is 79.5 (1)°. The mean plane of the carbamate group makes angles of 7.4 (2) and 73.6 (2)° with the mean planes of the two benzene rings. In the crystal, weak C-H⋯O inter-actions are observed between the mol-ecules, connecting them into a two-dimensional network.

  4. 4,4-Dimethyl-2-[3-nitro-2-phenyl-1-(phenyl­sulfan­yl)prop­yl]-4,5-dihydro-1,3-oxazole

    PubMed Central

    Caracelli, Ignez; Zukerman-Schpector, Julio; Villar, José A. F. P.; Oliveira, Alfredo R. M.; Tiekink, Edward R. T.

    2012-01-01

    In the title compound, C20H22N2O3S, the oxazoline ring is planar (r.m.s. deviation = 0.045 Å) and forms dihedral angles of 47.24 (8) and 10.11 (8)° with the S- and C-bound phenyl rings, respectively. The nitro group lies to the same side of the mol­ecule as the oxazoline ring but is orientated so as not to inter­act with the ring. Linear supra­molecular chains along [010] are formed via C—H⋯O and C—H⋯S contacts. Chains are consolidated into a three-dimensional architecture by C—H⋯π and van der Waals inter­actions. PMID:22606161

  5. 1-Ethyl-2-phenyl-3-[2-(tri­methyl­sil­yl)ethyn­yl]-1H-indole

    PubMed Central

    Baglai, Iaroslav; Maraval, Valérie; Duhayon, Carine; Chauvin, Remi

    2013-01-01

    The title compound, C21H23NSi, was synthesized by Sonogashira-type reaction of 1-ethyl-3-iodo-2-phenyl-1H-indole with tri­methyl­silyl­acetyl­ene. The indole ring system is nearly planar [maximum atomic deviation = 0.0244 (15) Å] and is oriented at a dihedral angle of 51.48 (4)° with respect to the phenyl ring. The supramolecular aggregation is completed by weak C—H⋯π inter­actions of the methylene and phenyl groups with the benzene and pyrrole rings of the indole ring system. The methyl groups of the tri­methyl­silyl unit are equally disordered over two sets of sites. PMID:23795091

  6. 2-(4-Chloro­phen­yl)-4-phenyl-1,2-di­hydro­quinazoline

    PubMed Central

    Derabli, Chamseddine; Boulcina, Raouf; Bouacida, Sofiane; Merazig, Hocine; Debache, Abdelmadjid

    2013-01-01

    In the title compound, C20H15ClN2, the pyrimidine ring is in a flattened half-chair conformation. The phenyl and chloro-substituted benzene rings form dihedral angles of 84.97 (5) and 80.23 (4)°, respectively, with the benzene ring of the di­hydro­quinazoline group. The dihedral angle between the phenyl and chloro-substituted benzene rings is 61.71 (5)°. In the crystal, mol­ecules are arranged in inter­secting layers parallel to (101) and (-102), with N—H⋯N hydrogen bonds linking mol­ecules along [010]. In addition, a weak C—H⋯π inter­action is observed. PMID:24454093

  7. (1′S,2R,3R)-(−)-2-Hydr­oxy-3-morpholino-3-phenyl-N-(1′-phenyl­ethyl)propion­amide

    PubMed Central

    Mendoza, Angel; Aparicio, David M.; Terán, Joel L.; Gnecco, Dino; Juárez, Jorge R.

    2009-01-01

    In the title compound, C21H26N2O3, the morpholine ring has a chair conformation and the dihedral angle between the two phenyl rings is 59.0 (3)°. The crystal packing is stabilized by inter­molecular O—H⋯O hydrogen bonds, generating a ribbon structure along the a axis. An intra­molecular N—H⋯O contact is also present. PMID:21582476

  8. COMPARATIVE STUDY OF THREE FUNDAMENTAL ORGANIC COMPOUNDS OF CHAIN STRUCTURE OF THREE RINGS An approach based in the molecular descriptors of the DFT (Density Functional Theory)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Leon, Neira B. Oscar; Fabio, Mejía Elio; Elizabeth, y. Rincón B.

    2008-04-01

    The organic molecules of a chain structure containing phenyl, oxazole and oxadiazole rings are used in different combinations as active media for tunable lasers. From this viewpoint, we focused in the theoretical study of organic compounds of three rings, which have similar optical properties (fluorescence and laser properties). The main goal of this study is to compare the electronic structure through the analysis of molecular global descriptors defined in the DFT framework of2-[2-X-phenyl]-5-phenyl-1,3-Oxazole, 2-[2-X-phenyl]-5-phenyl-1,3,4-Oxadiazole, and 2-[2-X-phenyl]-5-phenyl-furane with X = H, F and Cl. The basis set used was 6-31G+(d).

  9. Reaction of Phenyl Radical with O2: Thermodynamic Properties, Important Reaction Paths and Kinetics

    SciTech Connect

    Bozzelli, J; Sebbar, N; Pitz, W; Bockhorn, H

    2001-04-12

    The Phenyl + O{sub 2} association results in a chemically activated phenyl-peroxy radical which can dissociate to phenoxy radical + O, undergo intramolecular addition of the peroxy radical to several unsaturated carbon sites or react back to phenyl + O{sub 2}. The intramolecular addition channels further react through several paths to ring opening (unsaturated + carbonyl moieties) as well as cyclopentadieny radical + CO{sub 2}. Enthalpy ({Delta}H{sub f(298)}{sup o}), Entropy (S{sub 298}), and heat capacities Cp(T) for species in the decomposition of the ring are evaluated using density functional and ab initio calculations and by comparisons to vinyl + O{sub 2} data of Mebel et al, and phenyl + O{sub 2} data of Hadad et al. Isodesmic reaction analysis is used to estimate enthalpy values of the intermediates and well depths of the adducts. High Pressure limit kinetic parameters are obtained from the calculation results using canonical Transition State Theory. Quantum RRK analysis is utilized to obtain k(E) and modified strong collision or master equation analysis is used for evaluation of pressure fall-off in this complex bimolecular, chemical activation, reaction system. Uncertainty in key barriers is discussed, resulting variations in important reaction product ratios are illustrated, and changes in these branching ratios are evaluated with a detailed reaction mechanism.

  10. Chemical modification of cellulose acetate by N-(phenyl amino) maleimides: characterization and properties.

    PubMed

    Abdel-Naby, Abir S; Al-Ghamdi, Azza A

    2014-07-01

    Cellulose acetate (CA) was modified using N-(phenyl amino) maleimides (R-APhM) where, RH or 4-NO2. The structure of the modified polymer was characterized by (13)C-NMR. The chemical modification is based on the reaction between the acetyl group of the glucopyranose ring in cellulose acetate and the proton of the amino group in N-(phenyl amino) maleimide molecule. The thermal gravimetry (TGA) was used to investigate the thermal stability of the modified polymeric samples. The modified cellulose acetate by 4-nitro (phenyl amino) maleimide (CA/4-NO2APhM) exhibits the highest thermal stability as compared to the N-(phenyl amino) maleimide (CA/APhM) and the unmodified CA. The crystallinity and morphology of the modified polymeric samples were investigated using X-ray diffraction (XRD) and emission scanning electron microscope (ESEM), respectively. The presence of N-(phenyl amino) maleimide moieties in the cellulose acetate matrix improved its mechanical property. Also, the organic nature of (R-APhM) moieties inside CA matrix reduced its wettability.

  11. 2-[(E)-(2-Phenyl-2H-1,2,3-triazol-4-yl)methyl-eneamino]ethanol.

    PubMed

    Dang, Yan-Qiu; Tian, Lai-Jin

    2009-03-11

    In the title Schiff base compound, C(11)H(12)N(4)O, the mol-ecule adopts a trans configuration about the central C=N bond. The dihedral angle between the phenyl ring and the triazole ring is 14.3 (3)°. In the crystal structure, mol-ecules are linked into a one-dimensional supra-molecular chain by inter-molecular O-H⋯N hydrogen bonding between the hydroxyl group and the imino N atom.

  12. Vortex rings

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Shariff, Karim; Leonard, Anthony

    1992-01-01

    The vortex-ring problem in fluid mechanics is examined generally in terms of formation, the steady state, the duration of the rings, and vortex interactions. The formation is studied by examining the generation of laminar and turbulent vortex rings and their resulting structures with attention given to the three stages of laminar ring development. Inviscid dynamics is addressed to show how core dynamics affects overall ring motion, and laminar vortex structures are described in two dimensions. Viscous and inviscid structures are related in terms of 'leapfrogging', head-on collisions, and collisions with a no-slip wall. Linear instability theory is shown to successfully describe observational data, although late stages in the breakdown are not completely understood. This study of vortex rings has important implications for key aerodynamic issues including sound generation, transport and mixing, and vortex interactions.

  13. 3-Methyl­sulfanyl-5-phenyl-1,2,4-triazine

    PubMed Central

    Hamri, Salha; Hafid, Abderrafia; Khouili, Mostafa; El Ammari, Lahcen; Ketatni, El Mostafa

    2014-01-01

    In the mol­ecule of the title compound, C10H9N3S, the dihedral angle between the triazine and phenyl rings is 11.77 (7)°. In the crystal, mol­ecules are linked by π–π stacking inter­actions [centroid–centroid distances = 3.7359 (3) and 3.7944 (4) Å], forming layers parallel to the bc plane. PMID:24940289

  14. 4-Hy-droxy-1-methyl-3-phenyl-quinolin-2(1H)-one.

    PubMed

    Kafka, Stanislav; Pevec, Andrej; Proisl, Karel; Kimmel, Roman; Košmrlj, Janez

    2013-02-01

    In the title compound, C(16)H(13)NO(2), the quinoline system is approximately planar with a maximum deviation from the least-squares plane of 0.059 (1) Å for the N atom. The phenyl ring is rotated by 62.16 (4)° with respect to the plane of the quinoline system. In the crystal, O-H⋯O hydrogen bonds link mol-ecules into infinite chains running along the b-axis direction.

  15. Phenibut (beta-phenyl-GABA): a tranquilizer and nootropic drug.

    PubMed

    Lapin, I

    2001-01-01

    Phenibut (beta-phenyl-gamma-aminobutyric acid HCl) is a neuropsychotropic drug that was discovered and introduced into clinical practice in Russia in the 1960s. It has anxiolytic and nootropic (cognition enhancing) effects. It acts as a GABA-mimetic, primarily at GABA(B) and, to some extent, at GABA(A) receptors. It also stimulates dopamine receptors and antagonizes beta-phenethylamine (PEA), a putative endogenous anxiogenic. The psychopharmacological activity of phenibut is similar to that of baclofen, a p-Cl-derivative of phenibut. This article reviews the structure-activity relationship of phenibut and its derivatives. Emphasis is placed on the importance of the position of the phenyl ring, the role of the carboxyl group, and the activity of optical isomers. Comparison of phenibut with piracetam and diazepam reveals similarities and differences in their pharmacological and clinical effects. Phenibut is widely used in Russia to relieve tension, anxiety, and fear, to improve sleep in psychosomatic or neurotic patients; as well as a pre- or post-operative medication. It is also used in the therapy of disorders characterized by asthenia and depression, as well as in post-traumatic stress, stuttering and vestibular disorders.

  16. Testing Consent Order on Dilsodecyl Phenyl Phosphite

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    This rule announces that EPA has signed an enforceable Testing Consent Order with three manufacturers of dilsodecyl phenyl phosphite (PDDP CAS No, 25550-98-5), who have agreed to perform certain neurotoxicity tests PDDP.

  17. Planetary Rings

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Cuzzi, Jeffrey N.

    1994-01-01

    Just over two decades ago, Jim Pollack made a critical contribution to our understanding of planetary ring particle properties, and resolved a major apparent paradox between radar reflection and radio emission observations. At the time, particle properties were about all there were to study about planetary rings, and the fundamental questions were, why is Saturn the only planet with rings, how big are the particles, and what are they made of? Since then, we have received an avalanche of observations of planetary ring systems, both from spacecraft and from Earth. Meanwhile, we have seen steady progress in our understanding of the myriad ways in which gravity, fluid and statistical mechanics, and electromagnetism can combine to shape the distribution of the submicron-to-several-meter size particles which comprise ring systems into the complex webs of structure that we now know them to display. Insights gained from studies of these giant dynamical analogs have carried over into improved understanding of the formation of the planets themselves from particle disks, a subject very close to Jim's heart. The now-complete reconnaissance of the gas giant planets by spacecraft has revealed that ring systems are invariably found in association with families of regular satellites, and there is ark emerging perspective that they are not only physically but causally linked. There is also mounting evidence that many features or aspects of all planetary ring systems, if not the ring systems themselves, are considerably younger than the solar system

  18. Prenylated phenyl polyketides and acylphloroglucinols from Hypericum peplidifolium.

    PubMed

    Fobofou, Serge Alain Tanemossu; Harmon, Chelsea Rebecca; Lonfouo, Antoine Honoré Nkuete; Franke, Katrin; Wright, Stephen M; Wessjohann, Ludger A

    2016-04-01

    In search for new or chemo-taxonomically relevant bioactive compounds from chemically unexplored Hypericum species, four previously undescribed natural products, named peplidiforones A-D were isolated and characterized from Hypericum peplidifolium A. Rich., together with six known compounds. The structures of all compounds were elucidated by extensive 1D- and 2D-NMR experiments, high resolution mass spectrometric analyses (HR-MS), and by comparison with data reported in the literature. Seven of these compounds are phenyl polyketides while three are acylphloroglucinol type compounds. Peplidiforone C, which possesses an unusual carbon skeleton consisting of a furan ring substituted by a 2,2-dimethylbut-3-enoyl moiety, is the first example of a prenylated furan derivative isolated from the genus Hypericum. The cytotoxicity, antifungal, and anti-herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) activities of extracts and compounds are described.

  19. Crystal structure of 1-{4-hy-droxy-3-[(pyrrolidin-1-yl)meth-yl]phen-yl}-3-phenyl-prop-2-en-1-one.

    PubMed

    Aydın, Abdullah; Akkurt, Mehmet; Gul, Halise Inci; Yerdelen, Kadir Ozden; Celik, Raziye Catak

    2016-05-01

    In the title compound, C20H21NO2, the pyrrolidine ring adopts an envelope conformation with the N atom at the flap position. The central benzene ring makes dihedral angles of 21.39 (10) and 80.10 (15)° with the phenyl ring and the mean plane of the pyrrolidine ring, respectively. The mol-ecular conformation is stabilized by an intra-molecular O-H⋯N hydrogen bond, which closes an S(6) ring. A weak C-H⋯π inter-action is observed in the crystal.

  20. (η6-Benzophenone)(η5-penta­methyl­cyclo­penta­dien­yl)ruthenium(II) tetra­phenyl­borate

    PubMed Central

    Loughrey, Bradley T.; Nadin, Kevin; Williams, Michael L.; Healy, Peter C.

    2009-01-01

    The structure of the title compound, [Ru(C10H15)(C13H10O)](C24H20B), consists of discrete [Cp*Ru(II)benzophenone] cations and tetra­phenyl­borate anions (Cp* = penta­methyl­cyclo­penta­dien­yl). Tethering the Cp*Ru group to one aryl ring of benzophenone results in average values of 1.42 (1) and 1.38 (1) Å for the C—C bond lengths in the Ru-tethered and untethered phenyl rings, respectively. The dihedral angle between the benzene and phenyl rings of the benzophenone group is 50.5 (1)°. PMID:21578208

  1. 3-(4-Chloro­phen­yl)-5-phenyl-4,5-di­hydro-1,3-oxazole

    PubMed Central

    Islor, Arun M.; Yaradoni, Rajiv; Garudachari, B.; Gerber, Thomas; Hosten, Eric; Betz, Richard

    2012-01-01

    In the title compound, C15H12ClNO, the isoxazoline ring adopts an envelope conformation with the C atom bearing an unsubstituted phenyl ring as the flap atom. The chlorinated phenyl group is nearly in-plane with the four coplanar atoms of the heterocycle and the corresponding mean planes enclosing an angle of 1.16 (7)°. The unsubstituted phenyl group attached to the envelope flap atom approaches a nearly perpendicular orientation relative to the isoxazoline ring with a dihedral angle of 74.93 (7)°. In the crystal, weak C—H⋯O, C—H⋯N and C—H⋯π inter­actions connect the mol­ecules into layers perpendicular to the a axis. PMID:23284521

  2. Benzyl 5-phenyl­pyrazolo­[5,1-a]isoquino­line-1-carboxyl­ate

    PubMed Central

    Lu, Yu-Kun; Yao, Xiao; Luo, Li-Wen; Lü, Ren-Qing; Liu, Yun-Qi

    2011-01-01

    In the title compound, C25H18N2O2, the pyrazolo­[5,1-a]iso­quin­oline ring system is approximately planar [maximum deviation = 0.027 (2) Å] and is oriented at dihedral angles of 57.22 (6) and 71.36 (7)° with respect to the two phenyl rings. The phenyl rings are twisted to each other by a dihedral angle of 66.33 (8)°. A weak intra­molecular C—H⋯O hydrogen bond occurs. In the crystal, weak C—H⋯π inter­actions are present. PMID:22199960

  3. Crystal structure of 1-mesityl-3-methyl-4-phenyl-1H-1,2,3-triazol-3-ium iodide

    PubMed Central

    Canseco-González, Daniel; García, Juventino J.; Flores-Alamo, Marcos

    2015-01-01

    In the cation of the title salt, C18H20N3 +·I−, the mesityl and phenyl rings are inclined to the central triazolium ring by 61.39 (16) and 30.99 (16)°, respectively, and to one another by 37.75 (15)°. In the crystal, mol­ecules are linked via C—H⋯I hydrogen bonds, forming slabs parallel to the ab plane. Within the slabs there are weak π–π inter­actions present involving the mesityl and phenyl rings [inter-centroid distances are 3.8663 (18) and 3.8141 (18) Å]. PMID:26870488

  4. Crystal structure of 13-phenyl-2,3,4,13-tetra-hydro-1H-indazolo[1,2-b]phthalazine-1,6,11-trione.

    PubMed

    Lamera, Esma; Benzerka, Saida; Bouraiou, Abdelmalek; Bouacida, Sofiane; Merazig, Hocine; Chibani, Aissa; Le Borgne, Marc; Bouaziz, Zouhair

    2015-12-01

    The title compound, C21H16N2O3, consists of an indazolone moiety, bearing a phenyl group, fused to a phthalazine ring system (r.m.s. deviation = 0.018 Å). The phenyl ring is almost normal to the mean plane of the five-membered ring of the indazolone moiety, making a dihedral angle of 89.64 (7)°. The six-membered ring of the indazolone moiety has an envelope conformation, with the central methyl-ene C atom as the flap. In the crystal, mol-ecules are linked via C-H⋯O hydrogen bonds, forming slabs parallel to the bc plane. The slabs are linked via C-H⋯π and π-π inter-actions [the shortest inter-centroid distance involving rings of pyrazolo-phthalazine moieties is 3.6430 (8) Å], forming a three-dimensional structure.

  5. 40 CFR 721.3063 - Substituted phenyl azo substituted phenyl esters (generic name).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) TOXIC SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT SIGNIFICANT NEW USES OF CHEMICAL SUBSTANCES Significant New Uses for Specific Chemical Substances § 721.3063 Substituted phenyl azo substituted phenyl esters (generic name). Link to an amendment published at 79 FR 34637, June 18, 2014. (a)...

  6. "Ring opening-ring closure" strategy for the synthesis of aryl-C-glycosides.

    PubMed

    Liu, Chen-Fu; Xiong, De-Cai; Ye, Xin-Shan

    2014-05-16

    A new "ring-opening-ring closure" strategy for the synthesis of aryl-C-glycosides was described. This strategy exploited the nickel-catalyzed regioselective β-O elimination of glycals by reactions with various aryl boronic acids or potassium aryltrifluoroborates to yield the ring-opened products, which underwent the Lewis acid, protonic acid, PhSeCl, or NBS mediated ring closure reactions to afford diverse aryl-C-glycosides. After Lewis acids and protonic acids were screened, it was found that, starting from the ring-opened substrates, the Ph3PHBr or Sc(OTf)3 mediated ring closure reaction provided α- or β-preferred aryl-C-Δ(2,3)-glycosides, respectively. Furthermore, β-D-phenyl-C-glycosides were successfully prepared via the PhSeCl-mediated cyclization reaction, whereas the α-D-phenyl-C-glycoside was obtained via the NBS-mediated cyclization reaction. After removal of the 2-substituted functionalities by Bu3SnH/AIBN, the synthesis of 2-deoxy-aryl-C-glycosides was ultimately realized in a stereoselective manner.

  7. α-Phenyl-N-cyclohexyl Nitrones: Preparation and Use as Spin-Traps.

    PubMed

    Durand, Grégory; Rosselin, Marie; Klein, Pierre-André; Zéamari, Kamal; Choteau, Fanny; Tuccio, Béatrice

    2017-01-06

    Two bifunctional α-phenyl-N-cyclohexyl nitrones were synthesized with the expectation that the cyclohexyl ring will impart lipophilicity to the molecule, high reactivity to the nitronyl group, and stability to the spin adducts formed. The synthesis of the acid nitrone 4 and its corresponding tert-butyl ester 3 was initiated by a Michael reaction to introduce the cyclohexyl ring. A Zn/AcOH-mediated reduction of the nitro functionality followed by condensation onto benzaldehyde generated the nitronyl function. In agreement with their high lipophilicity values, nitrone 3 was insoluble in water, while nitrone 4 exhibited a poor water solubility. It was determined that the presence of the cyclohexyl ring did not affect either the reduction or oxidation potentials of the nitronyl group in comparison to the classical α-phenyl-N-tert-butylnitrone (PBN). The spin trapping ability of 3 and 4 was investigated by EPR for oxygen- and carbon-centered radicals. In most cases, the nitrones gave rise to a standard six-line EPR spectrum whose values were in agreement with the literature, accompanied by a minor second species. In DMSO, the half-lives of nitrone 3 and 4-OOH adducts were double that of PBN, suggesting that the stabilization comes from the cyclohexyl ring and/or the electronic effect of the carboxylic acid.

  8. Investigation of platelet aggregation inhibitory activity by phenyl amides and esters of piperidinecarboxylic acids.

    PubMed

    de Candia, Modesto; Summo, Luciana; Carrieri, Antonio; Altomare, Cosimo; Nardecchia, Adele; Cellamare, Saverio; Carotti, Angelo

    2003-04-03

    A series of anilides and phenyl esters of piperidine-3-carboxylic acid (nipecotic acid) were synthesized and tested for the ability to inhibit aggregation of human platelet rich-plasma triggered by adenosine 5'-diphosphate (ADP) and adrenaline. As a rule, amides were about two times more active than the corresponding esters, and derivatives bearing substituents at the para position of the phenyl ring were significantly more active than the meta-substituted ones. Among the tested compounds, 4-hexyloxyanilide of nipecotic acid (18a) was found to be the most active one, its IC(50) value being close to that of the most active bis-3-carbamoylpiperidines reported in literature (ca. 40 micro M) and aspirin (ca. 60 microM) in ADP- and adrenaline-induced aggregation, respectively. Compared with the isomeric 4-hexyloxyanilides of piperidine-2-carboxylic (pipecolinic) and piperidine-4-carboxylic (isonipecotic) acids, compound 18a showed higher activity, and a Hansch-type quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) study highlighted lipophilicity and increase in electron density of the phenyl ring as the properties which mainly increase the antiplatelet activity (r(2)=0.74, q(2)=0.64). The interaction of nipecotoyl anilides with phosphatidylinositol, a major component of the inner layer of the platelet membranes, was investigated by means of flexible docking calculation methods to give an account of a key event underlying their biological action.

  9. (η5-Penta­methyl­cyclo­penta­dien­yl)(η6-4-phenyl­butan-2-one)ruthenium(II) tetra­phenyl­borate

    PubMed Central

    Loughrey, Bradley T.; Williams, Michael L.; Healy, Peter C.

    2010-01-01

    The title compound, [Ru(C10H15)(C10H12O)][B(C6H5)4], crystallizes as discrete (η5-penta­methyl­cyclo­penta­dien­yl)Ru(η6-4-phenyl­butan-2-one)]+ cations and [BPh4]− anions. In the cation, the non-H atoms of the butan-2-one group are approximately planar (r.m.s. deviation = 0.056 Å) and lie nearly perpendicular to the plane of the phenyl ring with a dihedral angle between the two planes of 69.3 (1)°. No significant C—H⋯O inter­actions are observed between the methyl and phenyl H atoms and the carbonyl O atom. PMID:21589253

  10. Ghostly Ring

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2008-01-01

    [figure removed for brevity, see original site] Click on image for poster version

    This image shows a ghostly ring extending seven light-years across around the corpse of a massive star. The collapsed star, called a magnetar, is located at the exact center of this image. NASA's Spitzer Space Telescope imaged the mysterious ring around magnetar SGR 1900+14 in infrared light. The magnetar itself is not visible in this image, as it has not been detected at infrared wavelengths (it has been seen in X-ray light).

    Magnetars are formed when a massive giant star ends its life in a supernova explosion, leaving behind a super dense neutron star with an incredibly strong magnetic field. The ring seen by Spitzer could not have formed during the original explosion, as any material as close to the star as the ring would have been disrupted by the supernova shock wave. Scientists suspect that the ring my actually be the edges of a bubble that was hollowed out by an explosive burst from the magnetar in 1998. The very bright region near the center of the image is a cluster of young stars, which may be illuminating the inner edge of the bubble, making it look like a ring in projection.

    This composite image was taken using all three of Spitzer's science instruments. The blue color represents 8-micron infrared light taken by the infrared array camera, green is 16-micron light from the infrared spectograph, and red is 24-micron radiation from the multiband imaging photometer.

  11. Luminescent Rings

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2005-01-01

    This view shows the unlit face of Saturn's rings, visible via scattered and transmitted light. In these views, dark regions represent gaps and areas of higher particle densities, while brighter regions are filled with less dense concentrations of ring particles.

    The dim right side of the image contains nearly the entire C ring. The brighter region in the middle is the inner B ring, while the darkest part represents the dense outer B Ring. The Cassini Division and the innermost part of the A ring are at the upper-left.

    Saturn's shadow carves a dark triangle out of the lower right corner of this image.

    The image was taken in visible light with the Cassini spacecraft wide-angle camera on June 8, 2005, at a distance of approximately 433,000 kilometers (269,000 miles) from Saturn. The image scale is 22 kilometers (14 miles) per pixel.

    The Cassini-Huygens mission is a cooperative project of NASA, the European Space Agency and the Italian Space Agency. The Jet Propulsion Laboratory, a division of the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena, manages the mission for NASA's Science Mission Directorate, Washington, D.C. The Cassini orbiter and its two onboard cameras were designed, developed and assembled at JPL. The imaging operations center is based at the Space Science Institute in Boulder, Colo.

    For more information about the Cassini-Huygens mission visit http://saturn.jpl.nasa.gov . The Cassini imaging team homepage is at http://ciclops.org .

  12. Cave Rings

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-10-13

    hypothesis, that cave rings are formed in the same manner as coffee rings[3], that is, due to the enhanced deposition at the edges of sessile drops ...Literature The ‘splash ring’ conjecture is described in [5]. It is claimed that 45◦ is the most probable angle for secondary drops to be ejected at, and that...ring’ is the deposit formed when a sessile drop of a solution containing dissolved particles, such as coffee or salt, dries. This was investigated by

  13. Crystal structures of three 1-oxo-1,2-di-hydro-naphthalene derivatives: dimethyl 4-(4-meth-oxy-phen-yl)-2-(4-methyl-phen-yl)-1-oxo-1,2-di-hydro-naphthalene-2,3-di-carboxyl-ate, dimethyl 1-oxo-2-(pyren-4-yl)-4-(thio-phen-2-yl)-1,2-di-hydro-naphthalene-2,3-di-carboxyl-ate and ethyl 1-oxo-2-phenyl-2,4-bis-(thio-phen-2-yl)-1,2-di-hydro-naphthalene-3-carboxyl-ate.

    PubMed

    Gopinath, S; Narayanan, P; Sethusankar, K; Karunakaran, Jeyachandran; Nandakumar, Meganathan; Mohanakrishnan, Arasambattu K

    2017-02-01

    In the title 1-oxo-1,2-di-hydro-naphthalene derivatives, C28H24O6, (I), C34H22O5S, (II), and C27H20O3S2, (III), the cyclo-hexa-1,3-diene rings of the 1,2-di-hydro-naphthalene ring systems adopt half-chair, boat and half-chair conformations, respectively. The carbonyl O atoms attached to the di-hydro-naphthalene ring systems are each significantly deviated from the mean plane of the 1,2-di-hydro-naphthalene ring system, by 0.6162 (12) Å in (I), 0.6016 (16) Å in (II) and 0.515 (3) Å in (III). The mean planes of the 1,2-di-hydro-naphthalene ring systems make dihedral angles of 85.83 (3), 88.19 (3) and 81.67 (8)°, respectively, with the methyl-phenyl ring in (I), the pyrene ring in (II) and the phenyl ring in (III). In (I), the mol-ecular structure is stabilized by an intra-molecular C-H⋯O hydrogen bond, generating an S(6) ring motif. In the crystal of (I), mol-ecules are linked by an inter-molecular C-H⋯O hydrogen bond, which generates a C(8) zigzag chain running along [100]. Adjacent chains are further connected by C-H⋯π and offset π-π inter-actions [centroid-centroid distance = 3.6572 (9) Å], forming a double-chain structure. In the crystals of (II) and (III), mol-ecules are linked into chain structures by offset π-π inter-actions with centroid-centroid distances of 3.5349 (12) and 3.8845 (13) Å for (II) and 3.588 (2) Å for (III). In (II) and (III), the thio-phene rings are orientationally disordered over two sites, with occupancy ratios of 0.69:0.31 for (II), and 0.528 (4):0.472 (4) and 0.632 (5):0.368 (5) for (III).

  14. Crystal structure of (E)-4-[N-(7-methyl-2-phenyl-imidazo[1,2-a]pyridin-3-yl)carboximido-yl]phenol.

    PubMed

    Elaatiaoui, Abdelmalik; Saddik, Rafik; Benchat, Noureddine; Saadi, Mohamed; El Ammari, Lahcen

    2015-10-01

    The mol-ecule of the title compound, C21H17N3O, is built up from fused five- and six-membered rings connected to a methyl group, a phenyl ring and an (imino-meth-yl)phenol group. The fused ring system is almost planar (r.m.s. deviation = 0.031 Å) and forms dihedral angles of 64.97 (7) and 18.52 (6)° with the phenyl ring and the (imino-meth-yl)phenol group, respectively. In the crystal, centrosymmetric mol-ecules are linked by pairs of C-H⋯π inter-actions into dimeric units, which are further connected by O-H⋯N hydrogen bonds to form layers parallel to (101).

  15. Crystal structure of (E)-4-[N-(7-methyl-2-phenyl­imidazo[1,2-a]pyridin-3-yl)carboximido­yl]phenol

    PubMed Central

    Elaatiaoui, Abdelmalik; Saddik, Rafik; Benchat, Noureddine; Saadi, Mohamed; El Ammari, Lahcen

    2015-01-01

    The mol­ecule of the title compound, C21H17N3O, is built up from fused five- and six-membered rings connected to a methyl group, a phenyl ring and an (imino­meth­yl)phenol group. The fused ring system is almost planar (r.m.s. deviation = 0.031 Å) and forms dihedral angles of 64.97 (7) and 18.52 (6)° with the phenyl ring and the (imino­meth­yl)phenol group, respectively. In the crystal, centrosymmetric mol­ecules are linked by pairs of C—H⋯π inter­actions into dimeric units, which are further connected by O–H⋯N hydrogen bonds to form layers parallel to (101). PMID:26594488

  16. Observation of excited state proton transfer reactions in 2-phenylphenol and 2-phenyl-1-naphthol and formation of quinone methide species.

    PubMed

    Ma, Jiani; Zhang, Xiting; Basarić, Nikola; Wan, Peter; Phillips, David Lee

    2015-04-14

    The excited state intramolecular proton transfer (ESIPT) reactions from a phenol (naphthol) to a carbon atom in the adjacent aromatic ring of 2-phenylphenol (1) and 2-phenyl-1-naphthol (4) are prototypical examples of intramolecular proton transfer not mediated by solvent molecules. Femtosecond time-resolved transient absorption (fs-TA) studies are conducted for the first time to directly probe the formation of quinone methide (QM) species generated from the ESIPT pathways of 1 and 4. Steady-state absorption experiments demonstrated 1 exists mainly in its non-deprotonated form in neat MeCN and in water-MeCN solutions. Observation of the phenolate form in water-containing solution (MeCN-H2O, 1 : 1, v : v) in fluorescence spectra demonstrates the occurrence of an ESPT reaction between 1 and the surrounding water molecules. In neat MeCN a transient species that absorbs around 520 nm was detected in fs-TA spectra and was assigned to the QM species formed by ESIPT to the 2'-position. This transient signal is strengthened in cyclohexane. In a water-MeCN solution, an additional transient species assigned to the QM species at the 4'-position of 1 was also detected that absorbs around 485 nm. Similar results for 4 were observed, with the absorbance of the transient species being more intense, which suggests there is more efficient production of the QM species from 4, consistent with quantum yields for deuterium exchange in the distal ring reported for these compounds.

  17. 40 CFR 721.5917 - Phenyl azo dye (generic).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 31 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Phenyl azo dye (generic). 721.5917... Substances § 721.5917 Phenyl azo dye (generic). (a) Chemical substance and significant new uses subject to reporting. (1) The chemical substance identified generically as a phenyl azo dye (PMN P-02-17) is subject...

  18. 40 CFR 721.5917 - Phenyl azo dye (generic).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 31 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Phenyl azo dye (generic). 721.5917... Substances § 721.5917 Phenyl azo dye (generic). (a) Chemical substance and significant new uses subject to reporting. (1) The chemical substance identified generically as a phenyl azo dye (PMN P-02-17) is subject...

  19. 40 CFR 721.5917 - Phenyl azo dye (generic).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 30 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Phenyl azo dye (generic). 721.5917... Substances § 721.5917 Phenyl azo dye (generic). (a) Chemical substance and significant new uses subject to reporting. (1) The chemical substance identified generically as a phenyl azo dye (PMN P-02-17) is subject...

  20. 40 CFR 721.5917 - Phenyl azo dye (generic).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 32 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Phenyl azo dye (generic). 721.5917... Substances § 721.5917 Phenyl azo dye (generic). (a) Chemical substance and significant new uses subject to reporting. (1) The chemical substance identified generically as a phenyl azo dye (PMN P-02-17) is subject...

  1. 40 CFR 721.5917 - Phenyl azo dye (generic).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 32 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Phenyl azo dye (generic). 721.5917... Substances § 721.5917 Phenyl azo dye (generic). (a) Chemical substance and significant new uses subject to reporting. (1) The chemical substance identified generically as a phenyl azo dye (PMN P-02-17) is subject...

  2. 40 CFR 721.536 - Halogenated phenyl alkane.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 30 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Halogenated phenyl alkane. 721.536... Substances § 721.536 Halogenated phenyl alkane. (a) Chemical substance and significant new uses subject to reporting. (1) The chemical substance identified generically as halogenated phenyl alkane (PMN P-89-867)...

  3. 3-(Adamantan-1-yl)-4-ethyl-1-[(4-phenyl­piperazin-1-yl)meth­yl]-1H-1,2,4-triazole-5(4H)-thione

    PubMed Central

    El-Emam, Ali A.; Al-Abdullah, Ebtehal S.; Al-Tuwaijri, Hanaa M.; Said-Abdelbaky, Mohammed; García-Granda, Santiago

    2012-01-01

    The title compound, C25H35N5S, has an approximately C-shaped conformation. The dihedral angle between the triazole and phenyl planes is 79.5 (2)°. The crystal structure consists of infinite chains parallel to the b axis, constructed by C—H⋯S hydrogen bonds between translation-related mol­ecules. Adjacent chains are linked via weak C—H⋯C inter­actions between the adamantyl and phenyl groups. PMID:22904841

  4. Ultraviolet photodissociation dynamics of the phenyl radical

    SciTech Connect

    Song Yu; Lucas, Michael; Alcaraz, Maria; Zhang Jingsong; Brazier, Christopher

    2012-01-28

    Ultraviolet (UV) photodissociation dynamics of jet-cooled phenyl radicals (C{sub 6}H{sub 5} and C{sub 6}D{sub 5}) are studied in the photolysis wavelength region of 215-268 nm using high-n Rydberg atom time-of-flight and resonance enhanced multiphoton ionization techniques. The phenyl radicals are produced from 193-nm photolysis of chlorobenzene and bromobenzene precursors. The H-atom photofragment yield spectra have a broad peak centered around 235 nm and are in good agreement with the UV absorption spectra of phenyl. The H + C{sub 6}H{sub 4} product translational energy distributions, P(E{sub T})'s, peak near {approx}7 kcal/mol, and the fraction of average translational energy in the total excess energy, , is in the range of 0.20-0.35 from 215 to 268 nm. The H-atom product angular distribution is isotropic. The dissociation rates are in the range of 10{sup 7}-10{sup 8} s{sup -1} with internal energy from 30 to 46 kcal/mol above the threshold of the lowest energy channel H +o-C{sub 6}H{sub 4} (ortho-benzyne), comparable with the rates from the Rice-Ramsperger-Kassel-Marcus theory. The results from the fully deuterated phenyl radical are identical. The dissociation mechanism is consistent with production of H +o-C{sub 6}H{sub 4}, as the main channel from unimolecular decomposition of the ground electronic state phenyl radical following internal conversion of the electronically excited state.

  5. Rotational spectra and conformational structures of 1-phenyl-2-propanol, methamphetamine, and 1-phenyl-2-propanone.

    PubMed

    Tubergen, M J; Lavrich, R J; Plusquellic, D F; Suenram, R D

    2006-12-14

    Microwave spectra have been recorded for 1-phenyl-2-propanol, methamphetamine, and 1-phenyl-2-propanone from 11 to 24 GHz using a Fourier-transform microwave spectrometer. Only one spectrum from a single conformational isomer was observed for each species. The rotational transitions in the spectrum of 1-phenyl-2-propanone were split into separate transitions arising from the A- and E-torsional levels of the methyl rotor. The fit of the E-state transitions to a "high-barrier" internal rotation Hamiltonian determines V3 = 238(1) cm-1 and rotor-axis angles of thetaa = 87.7(5) degrees, thetab = 50.0(5) degrees, and thetac = 40.0(5) degrees. Ab initio optimizations (MP2/6-31G**) and single-point calculations (MP2/6-311++G**) were used to model the structures of 1-phenyl-2-propanol, methamphetamine, and 1-phenyl-2-propanone. The lowest energy conformations of these species were found to be stabilized by weak OH-pi, NH-pi, and CH-pi hydrogen-bonding interactions. Moments of inertia, derived from the model structures, were used to assign the spectra to the lowest energy conformation of each species. A series of MP2/6-31G* partial optimizations along the internal rotation pathway were used to estimate the barrier to methyl rotation to be 355 cm-1 for 1-phenyl-2-propanone.

  6. Ethyl 3-(6-phenyl-4λ4-1,2-dithiolo[1,5-b][1,2,4]dithia­zol-2-yl)propanoate

    PubMed Central

    Marković, Rade; Rašović, Aleksandar; Steel, Peter J.

    2008-01-01

    The title compound, C15H15NO2S3, exists in a bicyclic form, with resonance contributions from two monocyclic forms, each without a second S—S bond. The trithiapentalene heterocyclic ring system is planar, with a mean deviation of 0.014 (2) Å from the mean plane, and is inclined to the plane of the attached phenyl ring at an angle of 17.24 (7)°. PMID:21200742

  7. Infrared spectrum, structural and optical properties and molecular docking study of 3-(4-fluorophenyl)-5-phenyl-4,5-dihydro-1H-pyrazole-1-carbaldehyde

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mary, Y. Sheena; Panicker, C. Yohannan; Sapnakumari, M.; Narayana, B.; Sarojini, B. K.; Al-Saadi, Abdulaziz A.; Van Alsenoy, C.; War, Javeed Ahmad; Fun, H. K.

    2015-03-01

    The optimized molecular structure, vibrational frequencies, corresponding vibrational assignments of 3-(4-fluorophenyl)-5-phenyl-4,5-dihydro-1H-pyrazole-1-carbaldehyde have been investigated experimentally and theoretically. The title compound was optimized using at HF and DFT levels of calculations. The B3LYP/6-311++G(d,p) (5D,7F) results and in agreement with experimental infrared bands. The normal modes are assigned using potential energy distribution. The stability of the molecule arising from hyper-conjugative interaction and charge delocalization has been analyzed using natural bonding orbital analysis. The frontier molecular orbital analysis is used to determine the charge transfer within the molecule. From molecular electrostatic potential map, it is evident that the negative electrostatic potential regions are mainly localized over the carbonyl group and mono substituted phenyl ring and are possible sites for electrophilic attack and, positive regions are localized around all para substituted phenyl and pyrazole ring, indicating possible sites for nucleophilic attack. First hyperpolarizability is calculated in order to find its role in nonlinear optics. The geometrical parameters are in agreement with experimental data. From the molecular docking studies, it is evident that the fluorine atom attached to phenyl ring and the carbonyl group attached to pyrazole ring are crucial for binding and the results draw us to the conclusion that the compound might exhibit phosphodiesterase inhibitory activity.

  8. Kayser-Fleischer Rings

    MedlinePlus

    ... to know about Wilson Disease Kayser-Fleischer Rings Definition Kayser-Fleischer Ring: Clinical sign. Brownish-yellow ring ... Diet & Nutrition Kayser-Fleischer Rings Wilson Disease FAQs Definitions Transplantation For Patients & Families Resources Membership Events Centers ...

  9. Synthesis and spectral properties of near-infrared aminophenyl-, hydroxyphenyl-, and phenyl-substituted heptamethine cyanines.

    PubMed

    Lee, Hyeran; Mason, J Christian; Achilefu, Samuel

    2008-01-18

    Diverse meso-aminophenyl-, hydroxyphenyl-, and phenyl-substituted heptamethine cyanine dyes were prepared by a modified Suzuki--Miyaura method in good yields. In addition, direct Suzuki coupling of Vilsmeier--Haack reagent extends the procedure to the synthesis of otherwise difficult cyanine dyes containing multiple heteroatoms in the indolium ring. The new compounds possess excellent spectral properties and can be used to label bioactive molecules and nanoparticles. The one-pot synthesis procedure eliminates the cumbersome steps of protecting/deprotecting amino or hydroxy groups.

  10. Synthesis and Anti-tumor Activities of Novel Phenyl Substituted Suberoylanilide Hydroxamic Acid Derivatives Against Human Cancer Cells.

    PubMed

    Xie, Rui; Shi, Jinghua; Qu, Yue; Tang, Pingwah; Wu, Xinying; Yang, Ming; Yuan, Qipeng

    2015-01-01

    A facile and atom-economical boric acid catalyzed direct amidation without any coupling agents for the preparation of Suberoylanilide Hydroxamic Acid (SAHA) and SAHA-based inhibitors targeting anti-proliferation of cancer cells is described. It is applicable to the preparation of SAHA-based inhibitors having an unprotected hydroxyl group in the phenyl ring without the need of the protection. The in-vitro assays data indicate that the nature and the position of the substituents (activating and/or deactivating) in the capping group (phenyl ring) of SAHA-based inhibitors synthesized in this study have a vital impact on the potency of anti-proliferative activity against cancer cells. With low toxicity toward the normal cells, a number of synthesized SAHA-based inhibitors with two substituents in the phenyl ring possess higher antiproliferative activity than SAHA and Cisplatin toward six studied cancer cell lines: A375 human skin cancer cells, A549 human lung cancer cells, MGC80-3 human gastric cancer cells, H460 human lung cancer cells, H1299 human lung cancer cells, and HepG2 human liver cancer cells. Cisplatin is a common chemotherapeutic drug with high cytotoxicity for a variety of cancer treatments. The inhibitors provided in this study might signify future therapeutic drugs for cancer treatment.

  11. Phenyl valerate esterase activity of human butyrylcholinesterase.

    PubMed

    Mangas, Iris; Vilanova, Eugenio; Estévez, Jorge

    2017-03-15

    Phenyl valerate is used for detecting and measuring neuropathy target esterase (NTE) and has been used for discriminating esterases as potential target in hen model of organophosphorus delayed neuropathy. In previous studies we observed that phenyl valerate esterase (PVase) activity of an enzymatic fraction in chicken brain might be due to a butyrylcholinesterase protein (BuChE), and it was suggested that this enzymatic fraction could be related to the potentiation/promotion phenomenon of the organophosphate-induced delayed neuropathy (OPIDN). In this work, PVase activity of purified human butyrylcholinesterase (hBuChE) is demonstrated and confirms the novel observation that a relationship of BuChE with PVase activities is also relevant for humans, as is, therefore the potential role in toxicity for humans. The KM and catalytic constant (kcat) were estimated as 0.52/0.72 µM and 45,900/49,200 min(-1) respectively. Furthermore, this work studies the inhibition by preincubation of PVase and cholinesterase activities of hBuChE with irreversible inhibitors (mipafox, iso-OMPA or PMSF), showing that these inhibitors interact similarly in both activities with similar second-order inhibition constants. Acethylthiocholine and phenyl valerate partly inhibit PVase and cholinesterase activities, respectively. All these observations suggest that both activities occur in the same active center. The interaction with a reversible inhibitor (ethopropazine) showed that the cholinesterase activity was more sensitive than the PVase activity, showing that the sensitivity for this reversible inhibitor is affected by the nature of the substrate. The present work definitively establishes the capacity of BuChE to hydrolyze the carboxylester phenyl valerate using a purified enzyme (hBuChE). Therefore, BuChE should be considered in the research of organophosphorus targets of toxicity related with PVase proteins.

  12. Ringing wormholes

    SciTech Connect

    Konoplya, R.A.; Molina, C.

    2005-06-15

    We investigate the response of traversable wormholes to external perturbations through finding their characteristic frequencies and time-domain profiles. The considered solution describes traversable wormholes between the branes in the two brane Randall-Sundrum model and was previously found within Einstein gravity with a conformally coupled scalar field. The evolution of perturbations of a wormhole is similar to that of a black hole and represents damped oscillations (ringing) at intermediately late times, which are suppressed by power-law tails (proportional to t{sup -2} for monopole perturbations) at asymptotically late times.

  13. Crystal structure of 1-{4-hy­droxy-3-[(pyrrolidin-1-yl)meth­yl]phen­yl}-3-phenyl­prop-2-en-1-one

    PubMed Central

    Aydın, Abdullah; Akkurt, Mehmet; Gul, Halise Inci; Yerdelen, Kadir Ozden; Celik, Raziye Catak

    2016-01-01

    In the title compound, C20H21NO2, the pyrrolidine ring adopts an envelope conformation with the N atom at the flap position. The central benzene ring makes dihedral angles of 21.39 (10) and 80.10 (15)° with the phenyl ring and the mean plane of the pyrrolidine ring, respectively. The mol­ecular conformation is stabilized by an intra­molecular O—H⋯N hydrogen bond, which closes an S(6) ring. A weak C—H⋯π inter­action is observed in the crystal. PMID:27308021

  14. 2-(4-Meth-oxy-phen-yl)-1-pentyl-4,5-di-phenyl-1H-imidazole.

    PubMed

    Simpson, Jim; Mohamed, Shaaban K; Marzouk, Adel A; Talybov, Avtandil H; Abdelhamid, Antar A

    2013-01-01

    The title compound, C27H28N2O, is a lophine (2,4,5-triphenyl-1H-imidazole) derivative with an n-pentyl chain on the amine N atom and a 4-meth-oxy substituent on the benzene ring. The two phenyl and meth-oxy-benzene rings are inclined to the imidazole ring at angles of 25.32 (7), 76.79 (5) and 35.42 (7)°, respectively, while the meth-oxy substituent lies close to the plane of its benzene ring, with a maximum deviation of 0.126 (3) Å for the meth-oxy C atom. In the crystal, inversion dimers linked by pairs of C-H⋯O hydrogen bonds generate R2(2)(22) loops. These dimers are stacked along the a-axis direction.

  15. (S,R,Rp)-N,N-Dimethyl-1-{2-[(1-phenyl-ethyl)amino-meth-yl]ferrocen-yl}ethanamine.

    PubMed

    Zheng, Xiu-Li; Liu, Jin-Ting

    2009-03-25

    The title chiral ferrocene compound, [Fe(C(5)H(5))(C(18)H(25)N(2))], contains one planar and two central chiral centers. It is of inter-est with respect to asymmetric catalysis. The absolute configuration of the planar chirality is Rp at the ferrocene group and those of the two C chiral centers are R at the CH carbon of the ethanamine unit and S at the CH carbon of the phenyl-ethyl-amino substituent. In the ferrocenyl unit, the cyclo-penta-dienyl (Cp) rings are planar, with maximum deviations of 0.002 (2) Å for the substituted and 0.008 (3) Å for the unsubstituted Cp ring. The dihedral angle between the ring planes is 2.12 (15)° and the rings are twisted slightly from an eclipsed conformation by 7.06-7.60°.

  16. Crystal structures of three 1-oxo-1,2-di­hydro­naphthalene derivatives: dimethyl 4-(4-meth­oxy­phen­yl)-2-(4-methyl­phen­yl)-1-oxo-1,2-di­hydro­naphthalene-2,3-di­carboxyl­ate, dimethyl 1-oxo-2-(pyren-4-yl)-4-(thio­phen-2-yl)-1,2-di­hydro­naphthalene-2,3-di­carboxyl­ate and ethyl 1-oxo-2-phenyl-2,4-bis­(thio­phen-2-yl)-1,2-di­hydro­naphthalene-3-carboxyl­ate

    PubMed Central

    Gopinath, S.; Narayanan, P.; Sethusankar, K.; Karunakaran, Jeyachandran; Nandakumar, Meganathan; Mohanakrishnan, Arasambattu K.

    2017-01-01

    In the title 1-oxo-1,2-di­hydro­naphthalene derivatives, C28H24O6, (I), C34H22O5S, (II), and C27H20O3S2, (III), the cyclo­hexa-1,3-diene rings of the 1,2-di­hydro­naphthalene ring systems adopt half-chair, boat and half-chair conformations, respectively. The carbonyl O atoms attached to the di­hydro­naphthalene ring systems are each significantly deviated from the mean plane of the 1,2-di­hydro­naphthalene ring system, by 0.6162 (12) Å in (I), 0.6016 (16) Å in (II) and 0.515 (3) Å in (III). The mean planes of the 1,2-di­hydro­naphthalene ring systems make dihedral angles of 85.83 (3), 88.19 (3) and 81.67 (8)°, respectively, with the methyl­phenyl ring in (I), the pyrene ring in (II) and the phenyl ring in (III). In (I), the mol­ecular structure is stabilized by an intra­molecular C—H⋯O hydrogen bond, generating an S(6) ring motif. In the crystal of (I), mol­ecules are linked by an inter­molecular C—H⋯O hydrogen bond, which generates a C(8) zigzag chain running along [100]. Adjacent chains are further connected by C—H⋯π and offset π–π inter­actions [centroid–centroid distance = 3.6572 (9) Å], forming a double-chain structure. In the crystals of (II) and (III), mol­ecules are linked into chain structures by offset π–π inter­actions with centroid–centroid distances of 3.5349 (12) and 3.8845 (13) Å for (II) and 3.588 (2) Å for (III). In (II) and (III), the thio­phene rings are orientationally disordered over two sites, with occupancy ratios of 0.69:0.31 for (II), and 0.528 (4):0.472 (4) and 0.632 (5):0.368 (5) for (III). PMID:28217337

  17. 46 CFR 148.445 - Adjacent spaces.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 5 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Adjacent spaces. 148.445 Section 148.445 Shipping COAST... THAT REQUIRE SPECIAL HANDLING Additional Special Requirements § 148.445 Adjacent spaces. When... following requirements must be met: (a) Each space adjacent to a cargo hold must be ventilated by...

  18. 46 CFR 148.445 - Adjacent spaces.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 5 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Adjacent spaces. 148.445 Section 148.445 Shipping COAST... THAT REQUIRE SPECIAL HANDLING Additional Special Requirements § 148.445 Adjacent spaces. When... following requirements must be met: (a) Each space adjacent to a cargo hold must be ventilated by...

  19. 46 CFR 148.445 - Adjacent spaces.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 5 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Adjacent spaces. 148.445 Section 148.445 Shipping COAST... THAT REQUIRE SPECIAL HANDLING Additional Special Requirements § 148.445 Adjacent spaces. When... following requirements must be met: (a) Each space adjacent to a cargo hold must be ventilated by...

  20. 46 CFR 148.445 - Adjacent spaces.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 5 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Adjacent spaces. 148.445 Section 148.445 Shipping COAST... THAT REQUIRE SPECIAL HANDLING Additional Special Requirements § 148.445 Adjacent spaces. When... following requirements must be met: (a) Each space adjacent to a cargo hold must be ventilated by...

  1. 16-Methyl-11-(2-methyl-phen-yl)-14-phenyl-8,12-dioxa-14,15-di-aza-tetra-cyclo-[8.7.0.0(2,7).0(13,17)]hepta-deca-2(7),3,5,13(17),15-penta-ene-10-carbo-nitrile.

    PubMed

    Kanchanadevi, Jeevanandam; Anbalagan, Gopalakrishnan; Kannan, Damodharan; Bakthadoss, Manickam; Manivannan, Vadivelu

    2013-11-06

    In the title compound, C28H23N3O2, the pyrazole ring makes a dihedral angle of 16.90 (6)° with the phenyl ring to which it is attached. Both di-hydro-pyran rings exhibit half-chair conformations. Intramolecular C-H⋯O interactions generate S(6) and S(8) ring motifs. In the crystal, weak C-H⋯O and C-H⋯π interactions occur.

  2. (E)-1-(Naphthalen-1-yl)-3-(1-phenyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)prop-2-en-1-one

    PubMed Central

    Asiri, Abdullah M.; Al-Youbi, Abdulrahman O.; Faidallah, Hassan M.; Alamry, Khalid A.; Ng, Seik Weng

    2011-01-01

    In the title mol­ecule, C22H16N2O, the phenyl ring is twisted slightly with respect to the plane of the central pyrazole ring [dihedral angle = 14.8 (2)°]; the central ring is connected to the naphthyl ring through a —CH=CH—C(=O)— fragment, whose C=C double bond has an E configuration. The pyrazole ring and naphthalene ring system are twisted by 46.3 (1)°. Weak inter­molecular C—H⋯O hydrogen bonds link the mol­ecules, forming supra­molecular chains running along the a axis. The crystal studied was a non-merohedral twin with a component ratio of 0.544 (2):0.456 (2). PMID:22064894

  3. 2-(1,3-Benzoxazol-2-ylsulfan-yl)-1-phenyl-ethanone.

    PubMed

    Loghmani-Khouzani, Hossein; Hajiheidari, Dariush; Robinson, Ward T; Abdul Rahman, Noorsaadah; Kia, Reza

    2009-08-29

    In the title compound, C(15)H(11)NO(2)S, a new thio-benzoxazole derivative, the dihedral angle between the benzoxazole ring and the phenyl ring is 9.91 (9)°. An inter-esting feature of the crystal structure is the short C⋯S [3.4858 (17) Å] contact, which is shorter than the sum of the van der Waals radii of these atoms. In the crystal structure, mol-ecules are linked together by zigzag inter-molecular C-H⋯N inter-actions into a column along the a axis. The crystal structure is further stabilized by inter-molecular π-π inter-actions [centroid-centroid = 3.8048 (10) Å].

  4. Basin-ring spacing on the Moon, Mercury, and Mars

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Pike, R.J.; Spudis, P.D.

    1987-01-01

    Radial spacing between concentric rings of impact basins that lack central peaks is statistically similar and nonrandom on the Moon, Mercury, and Mars, both inside and outside the main ring. One spacing interval, (2.0 ?? 0.3)0.5D, or an integer multiple of it, dominates most basin rings. Three analytical approaches yield similar results from 296 remapped or newly mapped rings of 67 multi-ringed basins: least-squares of rank-grouped rings, least-squares of rank and ring diameter for each basin, and averaged ratios of adjacent rings. Analysis of 106 rings of 53 two-ring basins by the first and third methods yields an integer multiple (2 ??) of 2.00.5D. There are two exceptions: (1) Rings adjacent to the main ring of multi-ring basins are consistently spaced at a slightly, but significantly, larger interval, (2.1 ?? 0.3)0.5D; (2) The 88 rings of 44 protobasins (large peak-plus-inner-ring craters) are spaced at an entirely different interval (3.3 ?? 0.6)0.5D. The statistically constant and target-invariant spacing of so many rings suggests that this characteristic may constrain formational models of impact basins on the terrestrial planets. The key elements of such a constraint include: (1) ring positions may not have been located by the same process(es) that formed ring topography; (2) ring location and emplacement of ring topography need not be coeval; (3) ring location, but not necessarily the mode of ring emplacement, reflects one process that operated at the time of impact; and (4) the process yields similarly-disposed topographic features that are spatially discrete at 20.5D intervals, or some multiple, rather than continuous. These four elements suggest that some type of wave mechanism dominates the location, but not necessarily the formation, of basin rings. The waves may be standing, rather than travelling. The ring topography itself may be emplaced at impact by this and/or other mechanisms and may reflect additional, including post-impact, influences. ?? 1987

  5. Diethyl 4-hy­droxy-4-methyl-6-oxo-2-phenyl­cyclo­hexane-1,3-dicarboxyl­ate

    PubMed Central

    Fun, Hoong-Kun; Hemamalini, Madhukar; Padaki, Mahesh; Isloor, Arun M

    2010-01-01

    In the title mol­ecule, C19H24O6, the cyclo­hexa­none ring adopts a chair conformation. The dihedral angle between the phenyl ring and the best plane through the six atoms of the cyclo­hexa­none ring is 89.68 (7)°. In the crystal structure, mol­ecules are linked via pairs of inter­molecular O—H⋯O hydrogen bonds into centrosymmetric dimers and these dimers are connected by C—H⋯O inter­actions into columns down the a axis. PMID:21588242

  6. Crystal structures of four indole derivatives with a phenyl substituent at the 2-position and a carbonyl group at the 3-position: the C(6) N—H⋯O chain remains the same, but the weak reinforcing inter­actions are different

    PubMed Central

    Kerr, Jamie R.; Trembleau, Laurent; Storey, John M. D.; Wardell, James L.; Harrison, William T. A.

    2016-01-01

    We describe the crystal structures of four indole derivatives with a phenyl ring at the 2-position and different carbonyl-linked substituents at the 3-position, namely 1-(2-phenyl-1H-indol-3-yl)ethanone, C16H13NO, (I), 2-cyclo­hexyl-1-(2-phenyl-1H-indol-3-yl)ethanone, C22H23NO, (II), 3,3-dimethyl-1-(2-phenyl-1H-indol-3-yl)butan-1-one, C20H21NO, (III), and 3-benzoyl-2-phenyl-1H-indole, C21H15NO, (IV). In each case, the carbonyl-group O atom lies close to the indole-ring plane and points towards the benzene ring. The dihedral angles between the indole ring system and 2-phenyl ring for these structures are clustered in a narrow range around 65°. The dominant inter­molecular inter­action in each case is an N—H⋯O hydrogen bond, which generates a C(6) chain, although each structure possesses a different crystal symmetry. The C(6) chains are consolidated by different (C—H⋯O, C—H⋯π and π–π stacking) weak inter­actions, with little consistency between the structures. PMID:27006809

  7. (S) 2-phenyl-2-(p-tolylsulfonylamino)acetic acid. Structure, acidity and its alkali carboxylates

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Duarte-Hernández, Angélica M.; Contreras, Rosalinda; Suárez-Moreno, Galdina V.; Montes-Tolentino, Pedro; Ramos-García, Iris; González, Felipe J.; Flores-Parra, Angelina

    2015-03-01

    The structure and the preferred conformers of (S) 2-phenyl-2-(p-tolylsulfonylamino)acetic acid (1) are reported. Compound 1 is a derivative of the unnatural aminoacid the (S) phenyl glycine. The X-ray diffraction analyses of the complexes of 1 with water, methanol, pyridine and its own anion are discussed. In order to add information about the acidity of the COOH and NH protons in compound 1, its pKa in DMSO and those of N-benzyl-p-tolylsulfonamide and (S) N-methylbenzyl-p-tolylsulfonamide were determined by cyclic voltammetry. Data improved the scarce information about pKa in DMSO values of sulfonamides. The products of the reactions of compound 1 with one and two equivalents of LiOH, NaOH and KOH in methanol were analyzed. Crystals of the lithium (2) and sodium (3) carboxylates and the dipotassium sulfonylamide acetate (7) were obtained, they are coordination polymers. In compound 2, the lithium is bound to four oxygen atoms with short bond lengths. The coordination of the lithium atom to two carboxylates gives an infinite ribbon by formation of fused six membered rings. In the crystal of compound 3, two pentacoordinated sodium atoms are bridged by three oxygen atoms, one from a water molecule and two from DMSO. The short distance between the sodium atoms (3.123 Å), implies a metal-metal interaction. The sodium couples are linked by two carboxylate groups, forming a planar ribbon of fused twelve membered rings. A notable discovery was a water molecule quenched in the middle of the ring, with a tetra coordinated oxygen atom in a square planar geometry. In compound 7, the carboxylate and the amide are bound to heptacoordinated potassium atoms. The 2D polymer of 7 has a sandwich structure, with the carboxylate and potassium atoms in the inner layer covered by the aromatic rings.

  8. Synthesis and COX-2 Inhibitory Activity of 4-[(E)-2-(4-Oxo-3-phenyl-3,4-dihydroquinazolin-2-yl)ethenyl]benzene-1-sulfonamideand Its Analogs

    PubMed Central

    Hayun; Hudiyono, Sumi; Hanafi, Muhammad; Yanuar, Arry

    2012-01-01

    Some novel 3-phenyl-2-[(E)-2-phenylethenyl]-3,4-dihydroquinazolin-4-one derivatives possessing para-sulfonamides groups on the phenyl ring of the 2-phenylethenyl moiety have been synthesized and their COX-2 inhibitory activity evaluated. The stuctures of the synthesized compounds were confirmed on the basis of FT-IR, 1H-NMR, 13C-NMR and mass spectral data. The COX-2 inhibition screening assay revealed that 4-[(E)-2-{3-(4-methoxyphenyl)-4-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinazolin-2-yl}ethenyl]benzene-1-sulfonamide had a maximum COX-2 inhibition (47.1%), at a concentration of 20 μM. PMID:24281337

  9. 2-(2-Fluoro­phen­yl)-3-methyl­sulfanyl-5-phenyl-1-benzo­furan

    PubMed Central

    Choi, Hong Dae; Seo, Pil Ja; Lee, Uk

    2013-01-01

    In the title compound, C21H15FOS, the dihedral angles between the mean plane [r.m.s. deviation = 0.041 (1) Å] of the benzo­furan fragment and the pendant 2-fluoro­phenyl and phenyl rings are 46.09 (3) and 24.34 (5)°, respectively. In the crystal, mol­ecules are linked by weak C—H⋯π inter­actions, forming a three-dimensional network. PMID:23723873

  10. 8-acenaphthen-1-yl-1-phenyl-1,3,8-triaza-spiro[4.5]decan-4-one derivatives as orphanin FQ receptor agonists.

    PubMed

    Wichmann, J; Adam, G; Röver, S; Cesura, A M; Dautzenberg, F M; Jenck, F

    1999-08-16

    A series of 8-acenaphthen-1-yl-1-phenyl-1,3,8-triaza-spiro[4.5]decan+ ++-4-one derivatives 1 was studied with respect to the binding affinity for the orphanin FQ (OFQ) and opioid (mu, kappa, delta) receptors. The influence of stereochemistry as well as the substitution pattern of the phenyl-ring in position 1 on the affinity for the orphanin FQ receptor and selectivity to opioid (mu, kappa, delta) receptors is discussed. The most interesting compound 1c was tested for its anxiolytic-like properties in vivo.

  11. Radical scavenging capacity of 2,4-dihydroxy-9-phenyl-1H-phenalen-1-one: a functional group exclusion approach.

    PubMed

    Duque, Luisa; Zapata, Carolina; Rojano, Benjamín; Schneider, Bernd; Otálvaro, Felipe

    2013-07-19

    2,4-Dihydroxy-9-phenyl-1H-phenalen-1-one (4-hydroxyanigorufone, 1), a compound isolated from Anigozanthos flavidus and Monochoria elata, displayed a high radical scavenging capacity in the ORAC assay. A systematic approach was adopted in order to explore the effect of each functional group. H-Atom transfer from the phenolic hydroxyl, a captodative effect from the hydroxy ketone, and the presumed involvement of the phenyl ring in the termination step of the radical reaction were disclosed as relevant features of this type of antioxidant.

  12. Kinetics of ring formation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ben-Naim, E.; Krapivsky, P. L.

    2011-06-01

    We study reversible polymerization of rings. In this stochastic process, two monomers bond and, as a consequence, two disjoint rings may merge into a compound ring or a single ring may split into two fragment rings. This aggregation-fragmentation process exhibits a percolation transition with a finite-ring phase in which all rings have microscopic length and a giant-ring phase where macroscopic rings account for a finite fraction of the entire mass. Interestingly, while the total mass of the giant rings is a deterministic quantity, their total number and their sizes are stochastic quantities. The size distribution of the macroscopic rings is universal, although the span of this distribution increases with time. Moreover, the average number of giant rings scales logarithmically with system size. We introduce a card-shuffling algorithm for efficient simulation of the ring formation process and we present numerical verification of the theoretical predictions.

  13. 2,6-Bis[(S)-1-phenyl­eth­yl]-1H,5H-pyrrolo­[3,4-f]isoindole-1,3,5,7(2H,6H)-tetrone

    PubMed Central

    Abdel-Aziz, Alaa A.-M.; El-Azab, Adel S.; Alanazi, Amer M.; Ng, Seik Weng; Tiekink, Edward R. T.

    2012-01-01

    In the title compound, C26H20N2O4, the central isoindole core is almost planar (r.m.s. deviation = 0.043 Å). The phenyl rings lie to either side of the plane [dihedral angles = 88.64 (5) and 67.74 (6)°] and the dihedral angle between the phenyl rings is 63.39 (7)°. In the crystal, mol­ecules are linked by C—H⋯O inter­actions; notably, one carbonyl O atom accepts three such bonds. PMID:22412753

  14. Toward the Oxidation of the Phenyl Radical and Prevention of PAH Formation in Combustion Systems.

    PubMed

    Parker, Dorian S N; Kaiser, Ralf I; Troy, Tyler P; Kostko, Oleg; Ahmed, Musahid; Mebel, Alexander M

    2015-07-16

    The reaction of the phenyl radical (C6H5) with molecular oxygen (O2) plays a central role in the degradation of poly- and monocyclic aromatic radicals in combustion systems which would otherwise react with fuel components to form polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and eventually soot. Despite intense theoretical and experimental scrutiny over half a century, the overall reaction channels have not all been experimentally identified. Tunable vacuum ultraviolet photoionization in conjunction with a combustion simulating chemical reactor uniquely provides the complete isomer specific product spectrum and branching ratios of this prototype reaction. In the reaction of phenyl radicals and molecular oxygen at 873 K and 1003 K, ortho-benzoquinone (o-C6H4O2), the phenoxy radical (C6H5O), and cyclopentadienyl radical (C5H5) were identified as primary products formed through emission of atomic hydrogen, atomic oxygen and carbon dioxide. Furan (C4H4O), acrolein (C3H4O), and ketene (C2H2O) were also identified as primary products formed through ring opening and fragmentation of the 7-membered ring 2-oxepinoxy radical. Secondary reaction products para-benzoquinone (p-C6H4O2), phenol (C6H5OH), cyclopentadiene (C5H6), 2,4-cyclopentadienone (C5H4O), vinylacetylene (C4H4), and acetylene (C2H2) were also identified. The pyranyl radical (C5H5O) was not detected; however, electronic structure calculations show that it is formed and isomerizes to 2,4-cyclopentadienone through atomic hydrogen emission. In combustion systems, barrierless phenyl-type radical oxidation reactions could even degrade more complex aromatic radicals. An understanding of these elementary processes is expected to lead to a better understanding toward the elimination of carcinogenic, mutagenic, and environmentally hazardous byproducts of combustion systems such as PAHs.

  15. Epoxy resin cure. [Phenyl glycidyl ether

    SciTech Connect

    Smith, R.E.; Woodburn, G.L.

    1986-07-01

    The reactions that occur between the model epoxy, phenyl glycidyl ether, and the cure agent dicyandiamide (DICY) have been investigated using nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR), gel permeation chromatography (GPC), and high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) techniques. It is shown that the reaction at 130/sup 0/C requires 90 min for completion when catalyzed by boron trifluoride monoethyl amine (BF/sub 3/-MEA). At least three major products are formed. The identity of these products is based on previously published spectroscopic data. 3 refs., 5 figs.

  16. The Phylogenetic Signature Underlying ATP Synthase c-Ring Compliance

    PubMed Central

    Pandini, Alessandro; Kleinjung, Jens; Taylor, Willie R.; Junge, Wolfgang; Khan, Shahid

    2015-01-01

    The proton-driven ATP synthase (FOF1) is comprised of two rotary, stepping motors (FO and F1) coupled by an elastic power transmission. The elastic compliance resides in the rotor module that includes the membrane-embedded FO c-ring. Proton transport by FO is firmly coupled to the rotation of the c-ring relative to other FO subunits (ab2). It drives ATP synthesis. We used a computational method to investigate the contribution of the c-ring to the total elastic compliance. We performed principal component analysis of conformational ensembles built using distance constraints from the bovine mitochondrial c-ring x-ray structure. Angular rotary twist, the dominant ring motion, was estimated to show that the c-ring accounted in part for the measured compliance. Ring rotation was entrained to rotation of the external helix within each hairpin-shaped c-subunit in the ring. Ensembles of monomer and dimers extracted from complete c-rings showed that the coupling between collective ring and the individual subunit motions was independent of the size of the c-ring, which varies between organisms. Molecular determinants were identified by covariance analysis of residue coevolution and structural-alphabet-based local dynamics correlations. The residue coevolution gave a readout of subunit architecture. The dynamic couplings revealed that the hinge for both ring and subunit helix rotations was constructed from the proton-binding site and the adjacent glycine motif (IB-GGGG) in the midmembrane plane. IB-GGGG motifs were linked by long-range couplings across the ring, while intrasubunit couplings connected the motif to the conserved cytoplasmic loop and adjacent segments. The correlation with principal collective motions shows that the couplings underlie both ring rotary and bending motions. Noncontact couplings between IB-GGGG motifs matched the coevolution signal as well as contact couplings. The residue coevolution reflects the physiological importance of the dynamics that may

  17. pi-Selective stationary phases: (II) Adsorption behavior of substituted aromatic compounds on n-alkyl-phenyl stationary phases

    SciTech Connect

    Gritti, Fabrice; Guiochon, Georges A; Mayfield, Kirsty; Dennis, Gary; Shalliker, R. Andrew

    2010-01-01

    The frontal analysis method was used to measure the adsorption isotherms of phenol, 4-chlorophenol, p-cresol, 4-methoxyphenol and caffeine on a series of columns packed with home-made alkyl-phenyl bonded silica particles. These ligands consist of a phenyl ring tethered to the silica support via a carbon chain of length ranging from 0 to 4 atoms. The adsorption isotherm models that fit best to the data account for solute-solute interactions that are likely caused by p-p interactions occurring between aromatic compounds and the phenyl group of the ligand. These interactions are the dominant factor responsible for the separation of low molecular weight aromatic compounds on these phenyl-type stationary phases. The saturation capacities depend on whether the spacer of the ligands have an even or an odd number of carbon atoms, with the even alkyl chain lengths having a greater saturation capacity than the odd alkyl chain lengths. The trends in the adsorption equilibrium constant are also significantly different for the even and the odd chain length ligands.

  18. Ringing phenomenon of the fiber ring resonator.

    PubMed

    Ying, Diqing; Ma, Huilian; Jin, Zhonghe

    2007-08-01

    A resonator fiber-optic gyro (R-FOG) is a high-accuracy inertial rotation sensor based on the Sagnac effect. A fiber ring resonator is the core sensing element in the R-FOG. When the frequency of the fiber ring resonator input laser is swept linearly with time, ringing of the output resonance curve is observed. The output field of the fiber ring resonator is derived from the superposition of the light transmitted through the directional coupler directly and the multiple light components circulated in the fiber ring resonator when the frequency of the laser is swept. The amplitude and phase of the output field are analyzed, and it is found that the difference in time for different light components in the fiber ring resonator to reach a point of destructive interference causes the ringing phenomenon. Finally the ringing phenomenon is observed in experiments, and the experimental results agree with the theoretical analysis well.

  19. Mechanical seal having a double-tier mating ring

    SciTech Connect

    Khonsari, Michael M.; Somanchi, Anoop K.

    2005-09-13

    An apparatus and method to enhance the overall performance of mechanical seals in one of the following ways: by reducing seal face wear, by reducing the contact surface temperature, or by increasing the life span of mechanical seals. The apparatus is a mechanical seal (e.g., single mechanical seals, double mechanical seals, tandem mechanical seals, bellows, pusher mechanical seals, and all types of rotating and reciprocating machines) comprising a rotating ring and a double-tier mating ring. In a preferred embodiment, the double-tier mating ring comprises a first and a second stationary ring that together form an agitation-inducing, guided flow channel to allow for the removal of heat generated at the seal face of the mating ring by channeling a coolant entering the mating ring to a position adjacent to and in close proximity with the interior surface area of the seal face of the mating ring.

  20. Asymmetric dipolar ring

    DOEpatents

    Prosandeev, Sergey A.; Ponomareva, Inna V.; Kornev, Igor A.; Bellaiche, Laurent M.

    2010-11-16

    A device having a dipolar ring surrounding an interior region that is disposed asymmetrically on the ring. The dipolar ring generates a toroidal moment switchable between at least two stable states by a homogeneous field applied to the dipolar ring in the plane of the ring. The ring may be made of ferroelectric or magnetic material. In the former case, the homogeneous field is an electric field and in the latter case, the homogeneous field is a magnetic field.

  1. X-ray supramolecular structure, NMR spectroscopy and synthesis of 3-methyl-1-phenyl-1H-chromeno[4,3-c]pyrazol-4-ones formed by the unexpected cyclization of 3-[1-(phenyl-hydrazono)ethyl]-chromen-2-ones.

    PubMed

    Padilla-Martinez, Itzia I; Flores-Larios, Irma Y; García-Baez, Efren V; Gonzalez, Jorge; Cruz, Alejandro; Martínez-Martinez, Francisco J

    2011-01-21

    The molecular structures of nine 3-methyl-1-phenyl-1H-chromeno[4,3-c]pyrazol-4-one isomers, obtained by the oxidative cyclization of the corresponding 1-phenylhydrazono chromen-2-ones with copper acetate as catalyst, are reported. The molecular and supramolecular structures of the 8-chloro, 8-bromo- and 8-nitro isomers 2b-d, were established by X-ray diffraction. The halogenated isomers 2b and 2c are isomorphs, they crystallize as a triclinic system, space group P-1 with two molecules in the asymmetric unit. Compound 2d crystallizes as a monoclinic system, space group P2₁/m with two molecules in the unit cell. The 1-phenyl ring [Cg(4)] is almost perpendicularly positioned to the chromene-pyrazole ring system. This conformation is in agreement with the anisotropic NMR shielding effect exerted by the phenyl ring over H-9 in solution. The supramolecular architecture is almost controlled by C-H···A (A = O, p) and face to face p-stacking interactions. The observed p-stacking trend between chromene and pyrazole rings is given by the overlapping between the best donor and acceptor rings in each compound.

  2. Synthesis of Phenyl-Adducted Cyclodextrin through the Click Reaction

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    A new derivative of ß-cyclodextrin (CD) has been made incorporating the phenyl group through the use of click reaction. The resulting product exhibits a self-association phenomenon through the formation of inclusion compound between the phenyl group and CD. The product has been characterized by 1H...

  3. 1-(4-Chloro­phenyl)-2-[tris­(4-methyl­phenyl)-λ5-phosphanyl­idene]butane-1,3-dione

    PubMed Central

    Sabounchei, Seyyed Javad; Shahriary, Parisa; Hosseini Fashami, Faegheh; Morales-Morales, David; Hernandez-Ortega, Simon

    2013-01-01

    In the title ylide, C31H28ClO2P [common name α-acetyl-α-p-chloro­benzoyl­methyl­enetri(p-tol­yl)phospho­rane], the dihedral angle between the 4-chloro­phenyl ring and that of the ylide moiety is 66.15 (10)°. The geometry around the P atom is slightly distorted tetra­hedral [angle range = 105.22 (8)–115.52 (9)°] and the carbonyl O atoms are syn-oriented with respect to the P atom. The ylide group is close to planar [maximum deviation from the least-squares plane = 0.006 (2) Å] and the P—C, C—C and C=O bond lengths are consistent with electron delocalization involving the O atoms. PMID:23424468

  4. 1,4-Dimethyl-3-phenyl-3H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]isoquinolin-5(4H)-one.

    PubMed

    Meneghetti, Fiorella; Bombieri, Gabriella; Maggio, Benedetta; Daidone, Giuseppe

    2008-04-16

    The title compound, C(18)H(15)N(3)O, is the product of the thermal decomposition of the diazo-nium salt derived from 2-amino-N-methyl-N-(3-methyl-1-phenyl-1H-pyrazol-5-yl)benzamide. It is characterized by a trans orientation of the methyl groups with respect to the tricyclic ring system. The mol-ecule has a nearly planar phenyl-pyrazolo[3,4-c]isoquinolin-5-one system, the largest deviation from the mean plane being 0.066 (2) Å for the O atom. The dihedral angle between the phenyl substituent and the heterotricycle is 67 (1)°. The packing is stabilized by C-H⋯N hydrogen-bond inter-actions, with the formation of mol-ecular chains along the c axis.

  5. Saturn's Spectacular Ring System

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lissauer, Jack J.; DeVincenzi, Donald (Technical Monitor)

    2001-01-01

    Saturn's beautiful rings have fascinated astronomers since they were first observed by Galileo in 1610. The main rings consist of solid particles mostly in the 1 cm - 10 m range, composed primarily of water ice. The ring disk is exceptionally thin - the typical local thickness of the bright rings is tens of meters, whereas the diameter of the main rings is 250,000 km! The main rings exhibit substantial radial variations "ringlets", many of which are actively maintained via gravitational perturbations from Saturn's moons. Exterior to the main rings lie tenuous dust rings, which have little mass but occupy a very large volume of space. This seminar will emphasize the physics of ring-moon interactions, recent advances in our understanding of various aspects of the rings obtained from observations taken during 1995 when the rings appeared edge-on to the Earth and then to the Sun, and observations in subsequent years from HST.

  6. Pelanserin: 3-[3-(4-phenyl­piperazin-1-yl)prop­yl]quinazoline-2,4(1H,3H)-dione

    PubMed Central

    Aguirre Hernández, Gerardo; Somanathan, Ratnasamy; Bernès, Sylvain

    2014-01-01

    The title compound, C21H24N4O2, is a potent serotonin 5-HT2 and α1-adrenoceptor antagonist. The n-propyl chain links the quinazolinedione heterocycle and the phenyl­piperazine group in which the benzene ring is equatorially located and the piperazine ring has the expected chair conformation. The dihedral angle between the planes of the benzene ring and the quinazolinedione ring system is 74.1 (1)°. In the crystal, mol­ecules form centrosymmetric dimers through R 2 2(8) hydrogen-bonded rings involving the amine and one carbonyl group of the quinazolinedione moiety. These dimers are extended into chains extending along the a-axis direction through expanded centrosymmetric cyclic C—H⋯O associations involving the second carbonyl group, giving R 2 2(20) and R 1 2(7) motifs. PMID:25249922

  7. Diphen­yl[(phenyl­sulfan­yl)meth­yl]-λ5-phosphane­thione

    PubMed Central

    Gessner, Viktoria H.

    2014-01-01

    The title compound, C19H17PS2, results from the direct deprotonation of di­phenyl­methyl­phosphine sulfide and subsequent reaction with diphenyl di­sulfide. The C—P and C—S bond lengths of 1.8242 (18) and 1.8009 (18) Å, respectively, of the central P—C—S linkage are comparable to those found in the sulfonyl analogue, but are considerably longer than those reported for the dimetallated sulfonyl compound. The dihedral angle between the benzene rings of the di­phenyl­methyl moiety is 69.46 (7)°. No distinct inter­molecular inter­actions are present in the crystal structure. PMID:24765055

  8. Monoclinic polymorph of 2,5-dide­oxy-2,5-epithio-1,3:4,6-bis-O-[(R)-phenyl­methyl­ene]-l-iditol1

    PubMed Central

    Gibson, Jerrell G.; Cho, Jung Young; Fronczek, Frank R.; Watkins, Steven F.

    2012-01-01

    The title compound C20H20O4S, is polymorphic. In the tetra­gonal form, the mol­ecule lies on a crystallographic twofold axis, while the monoclinic form has only approximate C 2 mol­ecular symmetry. The greatest excursion from C 2 symmetry is in the orientation of the two phenyl rings; at 100 K, one of the rings is rotated −37.2 (3)° and the other by 46.9 (3)° from their symmetric (tetra­gonal) positions. There are only minor differences in the three-ring nucleus; the best mol­ecular fit of the tetra­gonal and monoclinic forms, both at 100 K and excluding phenyl rings and H atoms, shows an r.m.s. deviation of 0.066 Å. Both forms have the same absolute configuration. PMID:22969563

  9. Bis(phenyl-phospho-nic) anhydride.

    PubMed

    Li, Yang; Hua, Guoxiong; Slawin, Alexandra M Z; Woollins, J Derek

    2009-10-03

    The asymmetric unit of the title compound, C(12)H(12)O(5)P(2), contains four independent mol-ecules, generating two dimers via pairs of inter-molecular O-H⋯O hydrogen bonds, forming R(2) (2)(8) rings. The two aryl rings of each mol-ecule form dihedral angles of 108.6 (1), 103.2 (1), 12.5 (2) and 8.1 (2)° in the four mol-ecules.

  10. 43 CFR 420.3 - Adjacent lands.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Adjacent lands. 420.3 Section 420.3 Public Lands: Interior Regulations Relating to Public Lands BUREAU OF RECLAMATION, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFF-ROAD VEHICLE USE § 420.3 Adjacent lands. When administratively feasible, the regulation of...

  11. 43 CFR 420.3 - Adjacent lands.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2012-10-01 2011-10-01 true Adjacent lands. 420.3 Section 420.3 Public Lands: Interior Regulations Relating to Public Lands BUREAU OF RECLAMATION, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFF-ROAD VEHICLE USE § 420.3 Adjacent lands. When administratively feasible, the regulation of...

  12. 43 CFR 420.3 - Adjacent lands.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Adjacent lands. 420.3 Section 420.3 Public Lands: Interior Regulations Relating to Public Lands BUREAU OF RECLAMATION, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFF-ROAD VEHICLE USE § 420.3 Adjacent lands. When administratively feasible, the regulation of...

  13. 43 CFR 420.3 - Adjacent lands.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Adjacent lands. 420.3 Section 420.3 Public Lands: Interior Regulations Relating to Public Lands BUREAU OF RECLAMATION, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFF-ROAD VEHICLE USE § 420.3 Adjacent lands. When administratively feasible, the regulation of...

  14. 43 CFR 420.3 - Adjacent lands.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Adjacent lands. 420.3 Section 420.3 Public Lands: Interior Regulations Relating to Public Lands BUREAU OF RECLAMATION, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFF-ROAD VEHICLE USE § 420.3 Adjacent lands. When administratively feasible, the regulation of...

  15. Stirling engine piston ring

    DOEpatents

    Howarth, Roy B.

    1983-01-01

    A piston ring design for a Stirling engine wherein the contact pressure between the piston and the cylinder is maintained at a uniform level, independent of engine conditions through a balancing of the pressure exerted upon the ring's surface and thereby allowing the contact pressure on the ring to be predetermined through the use of a preloaded expander ring.

  16. Birth Control Ring

    MedlinePlus

    ... Loss Surgery? A Week of Healthy Breakfasts Shyness Birth Control Ring KidsHealth > For Teens > Birth Control Ring Print A A A What's in this ... español Anillo vaginal anticonceptivo What Is It? The birth control ring is a soft, flexible, doughnut-shaped ring ...

  17. New Dust Belts of Uranus: One Ring, Two Ring, Red Ring, Blue Ring

    SciTech Connect

    de Pater, I; Hammel, H B; Gibbard, S G; Showalter, M R

    2006-02-02

    We compare near-infrared observations of the recently discovered outer rings of Uranus with HST results. We find that the inner ring, R/2003 U 2, is red, whereas the outer ring, R/2003 U 1, is very blue. Blue is an unusual color for rings; Saturn's enigmatic E ring is the only other known example. By analogy to the E ring, R/2003 U 1 is probably produced via impacts into the embedded moon Mab, which apparently orbits at a location where non-gravitational perturbations favor the survival and spreading of sub-micron sized dust. R/2003 U 2 more closely resembles Saturn's G ring.

  18. PAH formation under single collision conditions: reaction of phenyl radical and 1,3-butadiene to form 1,4-dihydronaphthalene.

    PubMed

    Kaiser, R I; Parker, D S N; Zhang, F; Landera, A; Kislov, V V; Mebel, A M

    2012-05-03

    The crossed beam reactions of the phenyl radical (C(6)H(5), X(2)A(1)) with 1,3-butadiene (C(4)H(6), X(1)A(g)) and D6-1,3-butadiene (C(4)D(6), X(1)A(g)) as well as of the D5-phenyl radical (C(6)D(5), X(2)A(1)) with 2,3-D2-1,3-butadiene and 1,1,4,4-D4-1,3-butadiene were carried out under single collision conditions at collision energies of about 55 kJ mol(-1). Experimentally, the bicyclic 1,4-dihydronaphthalene molecule was identified as a major product of this reaction (58 ± 15%) with the 1-phenyl-1,3-butadiene contributing 34 ± 10%. The reaction is initiated by a barrierless addition of the phenyl radical to the terminal carbon atom of the 1,3-butadiene (C1/C4) to form a bound intermediate; the latter underwent hydrogen elimination from the terminal CH(2) group of the 1,3-butadiene molecule leading to 1-phenyl-trans-1,3-butadiene through a submerged barrier. The dominant product, 1,4-dihydronaphthalene, is formed via an isomerization of the adduct by ring closure and emission of the hydrogen atom from the phenyl moiety at the bridging carbon atom through a tight exit transition state located about 31 kJ mol(-1) above the separated products. The hydrogen atom was found to leave the decomposing complex almost parallel to the total angular momentum vector and perpendicularly to the rotation plane of the decomposing intermediate. The defacto barrierless formation of the 1,4-dihydronaphthalene molecule involving a single collision between a phenyl radical and 1,3-butadiene represents an important step in the formation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and their partially hydrogenated counterparts in combustion and interstellar chemistry.

  19. Twisting the Phenyls in Aryl Diphosphenes (Ar-P=P-Ar). Significant Impact upon Lowest Energy Excited States

    PubMed Central

    Peng, Huo-Lei; Payton, John L.; Protasiewicz, John D.

    2009-01-01

    Aryl diphosphenes (Ar-P=P-Ar) possess features that may make them useful in photonic devices, including the possibility for photochemical E-Z isomerization. Development of good models guided by computations is hampered by poor correspondence between predicted and experimental UV/vis absorption spectra. An hypothesis that the phenyl twist angle (i.e. PPCC torsion) accounts for this discrepancy is explored, with positive findings. DFT and TDDFT (B3LYP) were applied to the phenyl-P=P-phenyl (Ph-P=P-Ph) model compound over a range of phenyl twist angles, and to the Ph-P=P-Ph cores of two crystallographically characterized diphosphenes: bis-(2,4,6-tBu3C6H2)-diphosphene (Mes*-P=P-Mes*) and bis-(2,6-Mes2C6H3)-diphosphene (Dmp-P=P-Dmp). A shallow PES is observed: the full range of phenyl twist angles is accessible for under 5 kcal/mol. The Kohn-Sham orbitals (KS-MOs) exhibit stabilization and mixing of the two highest energy frontier orbitals – the n+ and π localized primarily on the – P=P– unit. A simple, single-configuration model based upon this symmetry-breaking is shown to be consistent with the major features of the measured UV/vis spectra of several diphosphenes. Detailed evaluation of singlet excitations, transition energies and oscillator strengths with TDDFT showed that the lowest energy transition (S1 ← S0) does not always correspond to the LUMO ← HOMO configuration. Coupling between the phenyl rings and central –P=P– destabilizes the π-π* dominated state. Hence, the S1 is always n+-π* in nature, even with a π-type HOMO. This coupling of the ring and –P=P– π systems engenders complexity in the UV/vis absorption region, and may be the origin of the variety of photobehaviours observed in diphosphenes. PMID:19496568

  20. Syntheses, structures and properties of two new coordination polymers based on D-camphoric acid and 2-phenyl-4,6-diamino-1,3,5-triazine

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lun, Huijie; Yang, Jinghe; Jin, Linyu; Cui, Sasa; Bai, Yanlong; Zhang, Xudong; Li, Yamin

    2015-05-01

    By hydrothermal method, two new coordination polymers [Co(ca)(phdat)]n (1), [Ni(ca)(phdat).0.125H2O]n (2) (H2ca=D-camphoric acid, phdat=2-phenyl-4,6-diamino-1,3,5-triazine) have been achieved and structurally characterized by IR, elemental analyses, X-ray single-crystal diffraction and TGA. The X-ray single-crystal diffraction reveals that compounds 1 and 2 are isostructural, both of which exhibit two-dimensional layered network built up from paddle-wheel Co2(CO2)4/Ni2(CO2)4 SBUs by ca2- ligand. In the existence of π…π stacking interactions between triazine rings and phenyl rings, the 3D networks are constructed with the hanging phdat filled between the neighboring layers. Furthermore, compounds 1-2 exhibit antiferromagnetic behavior and compound 2 displays a good activity for methanol oxidation.

  1. Design, synthesis and biological evaluation of novel hydroxy-phenyl-1H-benzimidazoles as radical scavengers and UV-protective agents.

    PubMed

    Bino, Alessia; Baldisserotto, Anna; Scalambra, Emanuela; Dissette, Valeria; Vedaldi, Daniela Ester; Salvador, Alessia; Durini, Elisa; Manfredini, Stefano; Vertuani, Silvia

    2017-12-01

    An ever-increasing incidence of skin neoplastic diseases is registered. Therefore, it is important to protect the skin from the UV radiation that reaches the epidermis and dermis but also to block ROS generated by them. Our attention was attracted in developing new compounds provided with both UV filtering and antioxidant capacities. To this end, 2-phenyl-1H-benzimidazole-5-sulfonic acid (PBSA), a known UV filter, was selected as lead compound for its lack of antioxidant activity, high water solubility and good safety profile. PBSA was sequentially modified introducing hydroxyls on the phenyl ring and also substituting the functional group in position 5 of the benzimidazole ring. At the end of the synthetic study, a new, very potent class of antioxidants has been obtained. Surprisingly some of the developed molecules, while devoid of significant UV-filtering activity was endowed with potent UV-filtering booster capability if associated with known commercial UVB and UVA filters.

  2. Crystal structure of 5-tert-but­yl-10,15,20-tri­phenyl­porphyrin

    PubMed Central

    Flanagan, Keith J.; Mothi, Ebrahim Mohamed; Kötzner, Lisa; Senge, Mathias O.

    2016-01-01

    In the title free base porphyrin, C42H34N4, the neighbouring N⋯N distances in the center of the ring vary from 2.818 (8) to 2.998 (8) Å and the phenyl rings are tilted from the 24-atom mean plane at angles varying between 62.42 (2)–71.63 (2)°. The NH groups are involved in intra­molecular bifurcated N—H⋯(N,N) hydrogen bonds. The Ca—Cm—Ca angles vary slightly for the phenyl rings, between 124.19 (18)–126.17 (18)°. The largest deviation from the mean plane of the 24-atom macrocycle is associated with the meso carbon at the substituted tert-butyl position, which is displaced from the mean plane by 0.44 (2) Å. The free base porphyrin is characterized by a significant degree of ruffled (B 1u) distortion with contributions from domed (A 2u) and wave [Eg(y) and Eg(x)] modes. In the crystal, mol­ecules are linked by a number of weak C—H⋯π inter­actions, forming a three-dimensional framework. The structure was refined as a two-component inversion twin. PMID:26958370

  3. Bis (4-(3,4-dimethylene-pyrrolidyl)-phenyl) methane

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ottenbrite, Raphael M. (Inventor)

    1990-01-01

    The primary objective is to prepare high temperature polymeric materials, especially linear aromatic polyimides, which maintain their integrity and toughness during long exposure times at elevated temperatures. The attained benefits are obtained by first providing the bis (exocyclodiene) bis (4-(3,4-dimethylene-pyrrolidyl)-phenyl) methane, which is a novel material formed from the monomer N-phenyl-3,4-dimethylene-pyrrolidine. This compound undergoes Diels-Alder reaction with a bismaleimide, without the evolution of gaseous by-products, to form the aromatic polyimide bis (4-(3,4-dimethylene-pyrrolidyl)-phenyl) methane.

  4. Evidence of Accretion in Saturn's F Ring (Invited)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Agnor, C. B.; Buerle, K.; Murray, C. D.; Evans, M. W.; Cooper, N. J.; Williams, G. W.

    2010-12-01

    Lying slightly outside the classical Roche radius and being strongly perturbed by the adjacent moons Prometheus and Pandora, Saturn's F ring represents a unique astrophysical laboratory for examining the processes of mass accretion and moonlet formation. Recent images from the Cassini spacecraft reveal optically thick clumps, capable of casting shadows, and associated structures in regions of the F ring following close passage by Prometheus. Here we examine the accretion environment of the F ring and Prometheus' role in moonlet formation and evolution. Using the observed structures adjacent to these clumps and dynamical arguments we estimate the masses of these clumps and find them comparable to that of ~10-20-km contiguous moonlets. Further, we show that Prometheus' perturbations on the F ring create regions of enhanced density and low relative velocity that may accelerate the accretion of clumps and moonlets.

  5. 4-Hy­droxy-3-[(E)-3-phenyl­prop-2-eno­yl]-2H-chromen-2-one

    PubMed Central

    Ghouili, Afef; Ben Hassen, Rached

    2011-01-01

    In the title mol­ecule, C18H12O4, the phenyl ring is twisted by 23.2 (1)° from the mean plane of the chromene system. In the crystal, weak inter­molecular C—H⋯O hydrogen bonds link mol­ecules into zigzag chains extending in the [010] direction. An intra­molecular O—H⋯O hydrogen bond is also present. PMID:22091215

  6. Crystal structures of two new carbazole derivatives: 12-(4-nitro­phen­yl)-7-phenyl­sulfonyl-7H-benzofuro[2,3-b]carbazole and 2-methyl-4-(4-nitro­phen­yl)-9-phenyl­sulfonyl-9H-thieno[2,3-b]carbazole

    PubMed Central

    Swaminathan, K.; Narayanan, P.; Sethusankar, K.; Saravanan, Velu; Mohanakrishnan, Arasambattu K.

    2016-01-01

    The title compounds, C30H18N2O5S, (I), and C27H18N2O4S2, (II), are carbazole derivatives with a phenyl­sulfonyl group and a nitro­phenyl group attached to the carbazole moiety in identical positions in both mol­ecules. A benzo­furan ring system in (I) and a methyl­thio­phene ring in (II) are fused with the respective carbazole moieties on the same sides. The mean plane of the carbazole ring system makes a dihedral angle of 3.17 (7)° with the benzo­furan ring system in (I) and a dihedral angle of 3.39 (11)° with the methyl­thio­phene ring in (II), implying that both fused units are essentially planar. The mean planes of the carbazole ring systems in both the compounds are almost orthogonal to the respective nitro-substituted phenyl rings, making dihedral angles of 75.64 (10) and 77.63 (12)° in compounds (I) and (II), respectively. In (I), the phenyl­sulfonyl ring system is positionally disordered with a refined occupancy ratio of 0.63 (2):0.37 (2). In both compounds, the mol­ecular structures are stabilized by intra­molecular C—H⋯O hydrogen bonds, generating S(6) ring motifs with the sulfone group O atoms. In the crystal of compound (I), mol­ecules are linked by pairs of C—H⋯O hydrogen bonds, which generate R 2 2(18) inversion dimers, and inter­connected by C(14) chains running along the c-axis direction, whereas in compound (II), the C—H⋯O hydrogen bonds generate R 4 3(37) ring motifs. In the crystals of both compounds, C—H⋯O hydrogen-bonded sheets are formed lying parallel to (10-1). In addition, C—H⋯π and offset π–π inter­actions [inter­centroid distance = 3.7158 (14) Å in (I) and 3.9040 (15) Å in (II)] are also present in the crystals of both compounds. PMID:27980820

  7. Inhibition of cholinesterase activity and amyloid aggregation by berberine-phenyl-benzoheterocyclic and tacrine-phenyl-benzoheterocyclic hybrids.

    PubMed

    Huang, Ling; Su, Tao; Shan, Wenjun; Luo, Zonghua; Sun, Yang; He, Feng; Li, Xingshu

    2012-05-01

    A series of berberine-phenyl-benzoheterocyclic (26-29) and tacrine-phenyl-benzoheterocyclic hybrids (44-46) were synthesised and evaluated as multifunctional anti-Alzheimer's disease agents. Compound 44b, tacrine linked with phenyl-benzothiazole by 3-carbon spacers, was the most potent AChE inhibitor with an IC(50) value of 0.017 μM. This compound demonstrated similar Aβ aggregation inhibitory activity with cucurmin (51.8% vs 52.1% at 20 μM, respectively), indicating that this hybrid is an excellent multifunctional drug candidate for AD.

  8. Jupiter's Main Ring/Ring Halo

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1997-01-01

    A mosaic of four images taken through the clear filter (610 nanometers) of the solid state imaging (CCD) system aboard NASA's Galileo spacecraft on November 8, 1996, at a resolution of approximately 46 kilometers (28.5 miles) per picture element (pixel) along Jupiter's rings. Because the spacecraft was only about 0.5 degrees above the ring plane, the image is highly foreshortened in the vertical direction. The images were obtained when Galileo was in Jupiter's shadow, peering back toward the Sun; the ring was approximately 2.3 million kilometers (1.4 million miles) away. The arc on the far right of the image is produced when sunlight is scattered by small particles comprising Jupiter's upper atmospheric haze. The ring also efficiently scatters light, indicating that much of its brightness is due to particles that are microns or less in diameter. Such small particles are believed to have human-scale lifetimes, i.e., very brief compared to the solar system's age.

    Jupiter's ring system is composed of three parts - - a flat main ring, a lenticular halo interior to the main ring, and the gossamer ring, outside the main ring. The near and far arms of Jupiter's main ring extend horizontally across the mosaic, joining together at the ring's ansa, on the figure's far left side. The near arm of the ring appears to be abruptly truncated close to the planet, at the point where it passes into Jupiter's shadow. Some radial structure is barely visible across the ring's ansa (top image). A faint mist of particles can be seen above and below the main rings. This vertically extended 'halo' is unusual in planetary rings, and is probably caused by electromagnetic forces pushing the smallest grains out of the ring plane. Because of shadowing, the halo is not visible close to Jupiter in the lower right part of the mosaic. To accentuate faint features in the bottom image of the ring halo, different brightnesses are shown through color. Brightest features are white or yellow and the

  9. 7-Phenyl-sulfonyl-2,3-dihydro-7H-1,4-benzodioxino[6,7-b]carbazole.

    PubMed

    Kanchanadevi, J; Dhayalan, V; Mohanakrishnan, A K; Anbalagan, G; Chakkaravarthi, G; Manivannan, V

    2010-11-20

    In the title compound, C(24)H(17)NO(4)S, the phenyl ring makes a dihedral angle of 88.12 (5)° with the carbazole unit. The mol-ecular structure is stabilized by weak intra-molecular C-H⋯O inter-actions and the crystal packing exhibits weak inter-molecular C-H⋯O and C-H⋯π inter-actions. Two C atoms of the 2,3-dihydro-1,4-dioxine fragment are disordered over two positions with site-occupancy factors of 0.718 (11) and 0.282 (11).

  10. Novel selectfluor and deoxo-fluor-mediated rearrangements. New 5(6)-methyl and phenyl methanopyrrolidine alcohols and fluorides.

    PubMed

    Krow, Grant R; Lin, Guoliang; Moore, Keith P; Thomas, Andrew M; DeBrosse, Charles; Ross, Charles W; Ramjit, Harri G

    2004-05-13

    Stereoselective syntheses of novel 5,6-difunctionalized-2-azabicyclo[2.1.1]hexanes containing 5-anti-fluoro or hydroxyl in one methano bridge and a variety of syn- or anti-chloro, fluoro, hydroxy, methyl, or phenyl substituents in the other methano bridge have been effected. Rearrangements of iodides to alcohols were initiated using Selectfluor. Rearrangement of alcohols to fluorides was initiated using Deoxo-Fluor. Ring opening of 2-azabicyclo[2.2.0]hex-5-ene exo-epoxide with organocopper reagents is regioselective at C(5).

  11. Crystal structures of three carbazole derivatives: 12-ethyl-7-phenyl­sulfonyl-7H-benzofuro[2,3-b]carbazole, (1), 2-(4,5-dimeth­oxy-2-nitro­phen­yl)-4-hy­droxy-9-phenyl­sulfonyl-9H-carbazole-3-carbaldehyde, (2), and 12-phenyl-7-phenyl­sulfonyl-7H-benzofuro[2,3-b]carbazole, (3)

    PubMed Central

    Gangadharan, Rajeswari; Narayanan, P.; Sethusankar, K.; Saravanan, Velu; Mohanakrishnan, Arasambattu K.

    2016-01-01

    The three title compounds, C26H19NO3S, (1), C27H20N2O8S, (2), and C30H19NO3S, (3), are carbazole derivatives, where (1) and (3) are heterocycle-containing carbazoles with a benzo­furan moiety fused to a carbazole unit. In (2), a di­meth­oxy­nitro­phenyl ring is attached to the carbazole moiety. In the three derivatives, a phenyl­sulfonyl group is attached to the N atom of the carbazole unit. Compound (1) crystallizes with two independent mol­ecules in the asymmetric unit (A and B). The carbazole skeleton in the three compounds is essentially planar. In compound (1), the benzene ring of the phenyl­sulfonyl moiety is almost orthogonal to the carbazole moiety, with dihedral angles of 85.42 (9) and 84.52 (9)° in mol­ecules A and B, respectively. The benzene ring of the phenyl­sulfonyl group in compounds (2) and (3) are inclined to the carbazole moiety, making dihedral angles of 70.73 (13) and 81.73 (12)°, respectively. The S atom has a distorted tetra­hedral configuration in all three compounds. In the crystals, C—H⋯O hydrogen bonds give rise to R 2 2(12) inversion dimers for compound (1), and to R 2 2(24) inversion dimers and R 4 4(40) ring motifs for compound (2). The crystal packing in (1) also features C—H⋯π and π–π inter­actions [shortest inter­centroid distance = 3.684 (1) Å], leading to supra­molecular three-dimensional aggregation. In the crystal of compound (2), the combination of the various C—H⋯O hydrogen bonds leads to the formation of a three-dimensional network. In the crystal of compound (3), mol­ecules are linked by C—H⋯O hydrogen bonds, forming chains running parallel to the a axis, and the chains are linked by C—H⋯π inter­actions, forming corrugated sheets parallel to the ab plane. PMID:27980821

  12. Contrasting retrogressive rearrangement pathways during thermolysis of silica-immobilized benzyl phenyl ether

    SciTech Connect

    Buchanan, A.C. III; Britt, P.F.; Skeen, J.T.

    1997-03-01

    Many coal model compound studies have focused on the mechanisms of bond cleavage reactions, and the means to alter reaction conditions to promote such reactions. However, there has become increasing interest in elucidating mechanisms associated with retrogressive or retrograde reactions in coal processing, which involve the formation of refractory bonds. Retrograde reactions inhibit efficient thermochemical processing of coals into liquid fuels, which has been particularly well-documented for low rank coals where abundant oxygen-containing functional groups are thought to play a key role in the chemistry. Much less is known about retrogressive reactions for ether-containing model compounds. Radical recombination through ring coupling of phenoxy radicals in benzyl phenyl ether (BPE) is known to lead to more refractory diphenylmethane linkages to a limited extent. Since this chemistry may be attributed at least in part to cage recombination, it could be promoted in a diffusionally constrained environment such as in the coal macromolecule. Using silica-immobilization to simulate restricted diffusion in coal, the authors have found that retrogressive reactions can be promoted for certain hydrocarbon model compounds. The authors have now begun an examination of the thermolysis behavior of silica-immobilized benzyl phenyl ether at 275--325 C. The initial results indicate that two retrogressive reaction pathways, radical recombination and molecular rearrangement through Si-O-C linkage to the surface of PhOCH{center_dot}Ph, are promoted by restricted diffusion. Remarkably, the retrograde products typically account for 50 mol% of the thermolysis products.

  13. Enhanced dispersion of multiwall carbon nanotubes in natural rubber latex nanocomposites by surfactants bearing phenyl groups.

    PubMed

    Mohamed, Azmi; Anas, Argo Khoirul; Bakar, Suriani Abu; Ardyani, Tretya; Zin, Wan Manshol W; Ibrahim, Sofian; Sagisaka, Masanobu; Brown, Paul; Eastoe, Julian

    2015-10-01

    Here is presented a systematic study of the dispersibility of multiwall carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) in natural rubber latex (NR-latex) assisted by a series of single-, double-, and triple-sulfosuccinate anionic surfactants containing phenyl ring moieties. Optical polarising microscopy, field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and Raman spectroscopy have been performed to obtain the dispersion-level profiles of the MWCNTs in the nanocomposites. Interestingly, a triple-chain, phenyl-containing surfactant, namely sodium 1,5-dioxo-1,5-bis(3-phenylpropoxy)-3-((3-phenylpropoxy)carbonyl) pentane-2-sulfonate (TCPh), has a greater capacity the stabilisation of MWCNTs than a commercially available single-chain sodium dodecylbenzenesulfonate (SDBS) surfactant. TCPh provides significant enhancements in the electrical conductivity of nanocomposites, up to ∼10(-2) S cm(-1), as measured by a four-point probe instrument. These results have allowed compilation of a road map for the design of surfactant architectures capable of providing the homogeneous dispersion of MWCNTs required for the next generation of polymer-carbon-nanotube materials, specifically those used in aerospace technology.

  14. (1RS,2RS,3RS)-1,2-Dimeth­oxy-3-methyl-2-phenyl-1-(2-thien­yl)cyclo­propane

    PubMed Central

    Torre-Fernández, Laura; Suero, Marcos G.; García-Granda, Santiago

    2009-01-01

    In the title compound, C16H18O2S, a new cis-1,2-dimethoxy­cyclo­propane, the two meth­oxy groups are in a cis configuration and in trans positions with respect to the H atom and the phenyl and thienyl rings on the cyclo­propyl group. The mol­ecular packing is dominated by weak inter­molecular C—H⋯O inter­actions, allowing the formation of zigzag chains propagating parallel to the c axis. The dihedral angle between the aromatic rings is 86.12 (8)°. PMID:21582532

  15. 5-Hy­droxy-7-phenyl-5-(prop-2-yn-1-yl)-5,6-dihydro-1-benzofuran-2(4H)-one monohydrate

    PubMed Central

    Torre-Fernández, Laura; Suero, Marcos G.; García-Granda, Santiago

    2010-01-01

    In the title compound, C17H14O3·H2O, the six-membered ring, which adopts a half-chair conformation, makes a dihedral angle of 24.3 (2)° with the phenyl ring. In the crystal, the components are linked by O—H⋯O hydrogen bonds involving the water mol­ecule, and the hy­droxy and carbonyl groups of the organic compound. These inter­actions form a square-like supra­molecular synthon unit which propagates as chains parallel to the crystallographic b axis. A C—H⋯O interaction also occurs. PMID:21589020

  16. Crystal structure of dimethyl 3,4,5,6-tetra-phenyl-cyclo-hexa-3,5-diene-1,2-di-carboxyl-ate.

    PubMed

    Greenberg, Fred H; Nazarenko, Alexander Y

    2016-07-01

    In the title compound, C34H28O4, the cyclo-hexa-diene ring has a screw-boat conformation with a torsion angle between the double bonds being on average ca 15° [15.2 (3) and -15.3 (3) in the two independent mol-ecules]. All four phenyl rings in both mol-ecules are arranged in a propeller-like conformation. The two mol-ecules exhibit S,R- and R,S- chirality, respectively, and are connected via C-H⋯O inter-molecular inter-actions. In turn, these weakly bound dimers form the mol-ecular crystal.

  17. 4-Halo-1,3-oxazoles: Unambiguous structural assignment of 2-halo-2-benzoyl-2 H-azirine-3-carboxylates thermal ring expansion products

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lopes, Susy; Nunes, Cláudio M.; Fausto, Rui; Melo, Teresa M. V. D. Pinho e.

    2009-02-01

    IR spectroscopy in cryogenic argon matrix of methyl 4-chloro-5-phenyl-1,3-oxazole-2-carboxylate and methyl 4-chloro-5-phenylisoxazole-3-carboxylate was applied for the structural assignment of these isomeric heterocycles. It was demonstrated that methyl 2-benzoyl-2-halo-2 H-azirine-3-carboxylates undergo thermal ring expansion to give 4-halo-5-phenyl-1,3-oxazole-2-carboxylates and not the isomeric isoxazoles.

  18. Selective behavioral alterations on addition of a 4'-phenyl group to cocaine.

    PubMed

    Seale, T W; Niekrasz, I; Chang, F; Singh, S; Basmadjian, G P

    1996-01-31

    We synthesized a cocaine analog in which a phenyl group was added at the para-position of the benzene ring of cocaine. This substitution caused a modest reduction (four-fold compared with cocaine) in binding potency for the primate (Papio) dopamine transporter as judged by displacement of [3H]WIN 35,428 binding from caudate/putamen membranes. Behavioral effects of this structural modification in the mouse were complex and selective, comprising absence of stimulation of locomotor activity, enhanced inhibition of locomotion and reduced lethal potency. Convulsant potency was unaltered. Substituents at the 4'-position of cocaine are important in its actions. Simple changes in the chemical structure of this drug may produce complex and selective changes in its neurochemical and behavioral actions.

  19. Glass transition of polystyrene (PS) studied by Raman spectroscopic investigation of its phenyl functional groups

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bertoldo Menezes, D.; Reyer, A.; Marletta, A.; Musso, M.

    2017-01-01

    In polymeric materials the glass transition (GT) is a well-known and very important relaxation process related to movements of functional groups in the polymeric chain. In this work, we show the potential of Raman spectroscopy for exploring the GT process in the polymer polystyrene. We collected Raman spectra during a step-by-step heating process of the sample, which allowed us to collect signatures of the GT process from peak parameters of specific vibrational modes, and to verify the GT temperature. Results of the latter were in accordance with published values obtained via other methods. We identified the aromatic ring vibrational modes of the phenyl functional groups to be those which, due to steric hindrance, suffer the largest influence during the GT process. This confirms that Raman spectroscopy can be used as a complementary technique to perform GT investigations in polymeric materials due to its sensitivity to small intermolecular changes affecting vibrational properties of relevant functional side groups.

  20. 11-Methyl-12a-phenyl-9a,12a-dihydrophenanthro[9',10':5,6][1,4]dioxino[2,3-d]oxazole and 9a-(10-hydroxyphenanthren-9-yl)-11,12a-diphenyl-9a,12a-dihydrophenanthro[9',10':5,6][1,4]dioxino[2,3-d]oxazole.

    PubMed

    Usman, Anwar; Razak, Ibrahim Abdul; Fun, Hoong-Kun; Chantrapromma, Suchada; Zhang, Yan; Xu, Jian-Hua

    2002-08-01

    In the title compounds, C(24)H(17)NO(3), (I), and C(43)H(27)NO(5), (II), the dioxine ring is not planar and tends toward a boat conformation. The oxazoline ring adopts a twisted conformation in molecule (I) but is essentially planar in molecule (II). The configuration of the dioxine-oxazoline system is determined by the sp(3) state of the two shared atoms. The phenanthrene moiety is nearly coplanar with the dioxine ring, while the phenyl ring is perpendicular to the attached oxazole ring. The triclinic unit cell of (II) contains two crystallographically independent molecules related by a pseudo-inversion centre.

  1. New dust belts of Uranus: one ring, two ring, red ring, blue ring.

    PubMed

    de Pater, Imke; Hammel, Heidi B; Gibbard, Seran G; Showalter, Mark R

    2006-04-07

    We compared near-infrared observations of the recently discovered outer rings of Uranus with Hubble Space Telescope results. We find that the inner ring, R/2003 U 2, is red, whereas the outer ring, R/2003 U 1, is very blue. Blue is an unusual color for rings; Saturn's enigmatic E ring is the only other known example. By analogy to the E ring, R/2003 U 1 is probably produced by impacts into the embedded moon Mab, which apparently orbits at a location where nongravitational perturbations favor the survival and spreading of submicron-sized dust. R/2003 U 2 more closely resembles Saturn's G ring, which is red, a typical color for dusty rings.

  2. Ethyl 5-oxo-4-phenyl-5,6-di­hydro-4H-1,3,4-oxadiazine-2-carboxyl­ate

    PubMed Central

    Shubakara, K.; Chandra; Srikantamurthy, N.; Mahendra, M.; Umesha, K. B.

    2014-01-01

    The asymmetric unit of title compound, C12H12N2O4, consists of two independent mol­ecules. In each mol­ecule, the oxadiazine ring has a flattened envelope conformation with the methyl­ene C atom as the flap atom, and the eth­oxy­carbonyl unit is in a syn-periplanar conformation with respect to the oxadiazine ring as indicated by O—C—C=O torsion angles of 1.9 (4) and 2.5 (4)°. The dihedral angles between the mean plane of the oxadiazine ring and the phenyl ring are 80.07 (13) and 42.98 (14)°. In the crystal, mol­ecules are linked by C—H⋯O hydrogen bonds and stacked in a double-column along the a-axis direction. PMID:24940244

  3. 1-[2-(4-Chloro­phen­yl)-5-phenyl-2,3-dihydro-1,3,4-oxadiazol-3-yl]ethanone

    PubMed Central

    Fun, Hoong-Kun; Arshad, Suhana; Shyma, P. C.; Kalluraya, Balakrishna; Arulmoli, T.

    2012-01-01

    In the title compound, C16H14ClN3O2, the 2,3-dihydro-1,3,4-oxadiazole ring [maximum deviation = 0.030 (1) Å] and the pyridine ring [maximum deviation = 0.012 (1) Å] are inclined slightly to one another, making a dihedral angle of 11.91 (5)°. The chloro-substituted phenyl ring is almost perpendicular to the 2,3-dihydro-1,3,4-oxadiazole and pyridine rings at dihedral angles of 86.86 (5) and 75.26 (5)°, respectively. In the crystal, π–π [centroid–centroid distance = 3.7311 (6) Å] and C—H⋯π inter­actions are observed. PMID:22719656

  4. (S,R,Rp)-N,N-Dimethyl-1-{2-[(1-phenyl­ethyl)amino­meth­yl]ferrocen­yl}ethanamine

    PubMed Central

    Zheng, Xiu-Li; Liu, Jin-Ting

    2009-01-01

    The title chiral ferrocene compound, [Fe(C5H5)(C18H25N2)], contains one planar and two central chiral centers. It is of inter­est with respect to asymmetric catalysis. The absolute configuration of the planar chirality is Rp at the ferrocene group and those of the two C chiral centers are R at the CH carbon of the ethanamine unit and S at the CH carbon of the phenyl­ethyl­amino substituent. In the ferrocenyl unit, the cyclo­penta­dienyl (Cp) rings are planar, with maximum deviations of 0.002 (2) Å for the substituted and 0.008 (3) Å for the unsubstituted Cp ring. The dihedral angle between the ring planes is 2.12 (15)° and the rings are twisted slightly from an eclipsed conformation by 7.06–7.60°. PMID:21582371

  5. Synthesis and Characterization of Ferroelectric Liquid Crystalline Organosiloxanes Containing 4-(4-undecanyloxy bi-phenyl-1-carboxyloxy)phenyl (2S,3S)-2-chloro-3-methylvalerate and 4-(4-undecanyloxybenzoyloxy)biphenyl (2S,3S)-2-chloro-3-methylvalerate

    PubMed Central

    Lin, Chih-Hung

    2013-01-01

    A series of new organosiloxane ferroelectric liquid crystalline (FLC) materials have been synthesized, and their mesomorphic and physical properties have been characterized. Four new disiloxanes and trisiloxanes, containing biphenyl 4-hydroxybenzoate and phenyl 4-hydroxybiphenylcarboxylate as mesogenic units and eleven methylene unit as spacers and (2S,3S)-2-chloro-3-methylvalerate unit as chiral end groups. The molecule, using three phenyl ring as a mesogenic unit, formulates much wider liquid crystalline phase temperature ranges than that of a two phenyl ring unit. The phenyl arrangement differences of mesogenic unit result in the greater differences of the liquid crystal phase formation. The siloxane molecule induction is helpful to the more regular smectic phase formation and smectic phase stabilization, such as chiral SC (SC*) and SB phases. The siloxane molecule is helpful to reduce the phase transition temperature and broaden the liquid crystal temperature range of the SC* phase and, simultaneously, it will not induce chain crystallization phenomenon and dilute the Ps value. The synthesis and characterization of the new FLCs materials, which exhibit a room temperature SC* phase and higher spontaneous polarization are presented. PMID:24232576

  6. Identification of (2-aminopropyl)benzofuran (APB) phenyl ring positional isomers in internet purchased products.

    PubMed

    Stanczuk, Andrzej; Morris, Noreen; Gardner, Elizabeth A; Kavanagh, Pierce

    2013-04-01

    5-(2-Aminopropyl)benzofuran (5-APB), a 'research chemical' that was first reported by UK authorities to the European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction (EMCDDA) in 2010, is anecdotally reported to produce a combination of stimulant and entactogenic effects. More recently, in 2011, 6-(2-aminopropyl)benzofuran (6-APB) was identified by Hungarian authorities. To confirm positional isomer identity in Internet purchased products, 4- 5- 6- and 7-APBs were synthesized and found to be separable by gas chromatography (as heptafluorobutyramide derivatives) and liquid chromatography. The analyses of products purchased from online vendors of 'research chemicals' identified the presence of 5- or 6-APBs. These findings were further confirmed by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry and (1) H nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. In products containing 6-APB, the 4- positional isomer was also identified and this may have arisen during the manufacturing process.

  7. Saturn's F-Ring

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2000-01-01

    This narrow-angle camera image of Saturn's F Ring was taken through the Clear filter while at a distance of 6.9 million km from Saturn on 8 November 1980. The brightness variations of this tightly-constrained ring shown here indicate that the ring is less uniform in makeup than the larger rings. JPL managed the Voyager Project for NASA's Office of Space Science

  8. Biotransformation of prochiral 2-phenyl-1,3-di(4-pyridyl)-2-propanol to a chiral N-oxide metabolite.

    PubMed

    Schwartz, M A; Williams, T H; Kolis, S J; Postma, E; Sasso, G J

    1978-01-01

    The prochiral compound, 2-phenyl-1,3-di(4-pyridyl)-2-propanol (PPP) labeled with 3H in the phenyl ring, was administered to rats, dogs, and a human subject. Paper chromatography of the urine indicated that a major metabolite common to all three species was excreted. This metabolite was isolated from the urine of chronically dosed dogs and was identified by mass, nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), and infrared spectrometry as the N-oxide, 2-phenyl-1-(4-pyridyl)-3-(4-pyridyl-1-oxide)-2-propanol. In addition, polarimetry indicated that this metabolite was levorotatory. Examination of the enantiomeric purity of a crystallized sample of the metabolite by NMR spectroscopy of resolvable diastereomeric salts formed with lasalocid revealed the presence of only the levorotatory enantiomer. Accordingly, this metabolic N-oxide formation in the dog was at least stereoselective, and perhaps stereospecific. The N-oxidation of PPP was also demonstrated in vitro with 9000 g supernatant fraction of rat liver fortified with an NADPH generating system, and this reaction was inducible by phenobarbital, indicating that it is mediated by the cytochrome P-450 mixed-function oxidase system. This study, in addition to providing another example of the pyridyl N-oxidation pathway, illustrates the necessity of considering the stereochemical aspects of the metabolism of prochiral drugs.

  9. Synthesis of 2-phenyl-4,5-substituted oxazoles by copper-catalyzed intramolecular cyclization of functionalized enamides.

    PubMed

    Vijay Kumar, S; Saraiah, B; Misra, N C; Ila, H

    2012-12-07

    An efficient two-step synthesis of 2-phenyl-4,5-substituted oxazoles involving intramolecular copper-catalyzed cyclization of highly functionalized novel β-(methylthio)enamides as the key step has been reported. These enamides are obtained by nucleophilic ring-opening of newly synthesized 4-[(methylthio)hetero(aryl)methylene]-2-phenyl-5-oxazolone precursors by alkoxides, amines, amino acid esters and aryl/alkyl Grignard reagents, thus leading to the introduction of an ester, N-substituted carboxamide or acyl functionalities at 4-position of the product oxazoles. Synthesis of two naturally occurring 2,5-diaryloxazoles, i.e., texamine and uguenenazole, via two-step hydrolysis-decarboxylation of the corresponding 2,5-diaryloxazole-4-carboxylates has also been described. Similarly, three of the serine-derived oxazole-4-carboxamides were elaborated to novel trisubstituted 4,2'-bisoxazoles through DAST/DBU-mediated cyclodehydration-dehydrohalogenation sequence. The present protocol is complementary and an improvement to our previously reported silver carbonate-induced cyclization of β-bis(methylthio)enamides to 2-phenyl-5-(methylthio)-4-substituted oxazoles.

  10. On certain Hecke rings

    PubMed Central

    Evens, Sam; Bressler, Paul

    1987-01-01

    We examine rings that embed into the smash product of the group algebra of the Weyl group with the field of meromorphic functions on the Cartan subalgebra and are generated by elements that satisfy braid relations. We prove that every such ring is isomorphic to either the Hecke algebra, the nil Hecke ring, or the group algebra of the Weyl group. PMID:16593804

  11. The Jumping Ring Experiment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baylie, M.; Ford, P. J.; Mathlin, G. P.; Palmer, C.

    2009-01-01

    The jumping ring experiment has become central to liquid nitrogen shows given as part of the outreach and open day activities carried out within the University of Bath. The basic principles of the experiment are described as well as the effect of changing the geometry of the rings and their metallurgical state. In general, aluminium rings are…

  12. Rings Around Uranus

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maran, Stephen P.

    1977-01-01

    Events leading up to the discovery of the rings of Uranus are described. The methods used and the logic behind the methods are explained. Data collected to prove the existence of the rings are outlined and theories concerning the presence of planetary rings are presented. (AJ)

  13. Soft normed rings.

    PubMed

    Uluçay, Vakkas; Şahin, Mehmet; Olgun, Necati

    2016-01-01

    Molodtsov introduced the concept of soft sets, which can be seen as a new mathematical tool for dealing with uncertainty. In this paper, we initiate the study of soft normed rings by soft set theory. The notions of soft normed rings, soft normed ideals, soft complete normed rings are introduced and also several related properties and examples are given.

  14. Structural and photophysical properties of HPPCO (4-hydroxy-5-phenyl-6H-pyrido[3,2,1-jk]carbazol-6-one) derivatives

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jeong, Yong-Kwang; Kim, Min-Ah; Lee, Hyo-Sung; Kim, Jong-Moon; Lee, Sung Woo; Kang, Jun-Gill

    2015-01-01

    Proton-substitution effects of 4-hydroxy-5-phenyl-6H-pyrido[3,2,1-jk]carbazol-6-one (HPPCO) on structural and photophysical properties were presented. HPPCO crystallized in the orthorhombic space group Pbca with an intermolecular hydrogen bonding between OH and oxygen atom of the carbonyl. The proton-substituted derivatives, 6-oxo-5-phenyl-6H-pyrido[3,2,1-jk]carbazol-4-yl acetate (OPPCA) and 6-oxo-5-phenyl-6H-pyrido[3,2,1-jk]carbazol-4-yl benzoate (OPPCB), crystallized in the monoclinic P21/c space group. For OPPCA and OPPCB, a weak interaction between carbonyl oxygen atom in the substituted group and carbon atom in the fused ring was responsible for three-dimensional arrangements. In addition, 6-oxo-5-phenyl-6H-pyrido[3,2,1-jk]carbazol-4-yl furan-2-carboxylate (OPPCF), and 6-oxo-5-phenyl-6H-pyrido[3,2,1-jk]carbazol-4-yl naphthoate (OPPCN) were also synthesized. HPPCO and the four derivatives excited by ultraviolet (UV) light produced blue emission. Proton substitution of the OH group significantly increased the radiative transitions and moderately decreased the non-radiative transitions. Consequently the luminescence quantum yields of the derivatives enhanced more than 4.6-fold, no matter what the groups were substituted. Structural and optical properties were further determined using density functional theory (DFT) and ZINDO calculations. The planar structure of the pyridocarbazole-fused ring resulted in π → π* electronic transitions within the main frame, with an additional transition from the n(O) of carbonyl to the π* of the main frame. The three excited states that arose from these transitions were responsible for the blue luminescence.

  15. Structural and photophysical properties of HPPCO (4-hydroxy-5-phenyl-6H-pyrido[3,2,1-jk]carbazol-6-one) derivatives.

    PubMed

    Jeong, Yong-Kwang; Kim, Min-Ah; Lee, Hyo-Sung; Kim, Jong-Moon; Lee, Sung Woo; Kang, Jun-Gill

    2015-01-05

    Proton-substitution effects of 4-hydroxy-5-phenyl-6H-pyrido[3,2,1-jk]carbazol-6-one (HPPCO) on structural and photophysical properties were presented. HPPCO crystallized in the orthorhombic space group Pbca with an intermolecular hydrogen bonding between OH and oxygen atom of the carbonyl. The proton-substituted derivatives, 6-oxo-5-phenyl-6H-pyrido[3,2,1-jk]carbazol-4-yl acetate (OPPCA) and 6-oxo-5-phenyl-6H-pyrido[3,2,1-jk]carbazol-4-yl benzoate (OPPCB), crystallized in the monoclinic P2₁/c space group. For OPPCA and OPPCB, a weak interaction between carbonyl oxygen atom in the substituted group and carbon atom in the fused ring was responsible for three-dimensional arrangements. In addition, 6-oxo-5-phenyl-6H-pyrido[3,2,1-jk]carbazol-4-yl furan-2-carboxylate (OPPCF), and 6-oxo-5-phenyl-6H-pyrido[3,2,1-jk]carbazol-4-yl naphthoate (OPPCN) were also synthesized. HPPCO and the four derivatives excited by ultraviolet (UV) light produced blue emission. Proton substitution of the OH group significantly increased the radiative transitions and moderately decreased the non-radiative transitions. Consequently the luminescence quantum yields of the derivatives enhanced more than 4.6-fold, no matter what the groups were substituted. Structural and optical properties were further determined using density functional theory (DFT) and ZINDO calculations. The planar structure of the pyridocarbazole-fused ring resulted in π→π(*) electronic transitions within the main frame, with an additional transition from the n(O) of carbonyl to the π(*) of the main frame. The three excited states that arose from these transitions were responsible for the blue luminescence.

  16. On the time-course of adjacent and non-adjacent transposed-letter priming

    PubMed Central

    Ktori, Maria; Kingma, Brechtsje; Hannagan, Thomas; Holcomb, Phillip J.; Grainger, Jonathan

    2014-01-01

    We compared effects of adjacent (e.g., atricle-ARTICLE) and non-adjacent (e.g., actirle-ARTICLE) transposed-letter (TL) primes in an ERP study using the sandwich priming technique. TL priming was measured relative to the standard double-substitution condition. We found significantly stronger priming effects for adjacent transpositions than non-adjacent transpositions (with 2 intervening letters) in behavioral responses (lexical decision latencies), and the adjacent priming effects emerged earlier in the ERP signal, at around 200 ms post-target onset. Non-adjacent priming effects emerged about 50 ms later and were short-lived, being significant only in the 250-300 ms time-window. Adjacent transpositions on the other hand continued to produce priming in the N400 time-window (300-500 ms post-target onset). This qualitatively different pattern of priming effects for adjacent and non-adjacent transpositions is discussed in the light of different accounts of letter transposition effects, and the utility of drawing a distinction between positional flexibility and positional noise. PMID:25364497

  17. Crystal structure of 3-ferrocenyl-1-phenyl-1H-pyrrole, [Fe(η5-C5H4 cC4H3 NPh)(η5-C5H5)

    PubMed Central

    Pfaff, Ulrike; Korb, Marcus; Lang, Heinrich

    2016-01-01

    The mol­ecular structure of the title compound, [Fe(C5H5)(C15H12N)], consists of a ferrocene moiety with an N-phenyl­pyrrole heterocycle bound to one cyclo­penta­dienyl ring. The 1,3-disubstitution of the pyrrole results in an L-shaped arrangement of the mol­ecule with plane inter­sections of 2.78 (17)° between the pyrrole and the N-bonded phenyl ring and of 8.17 (18)° between the pyrrole and the cyclo­penta­dienyl ring. In the crystal, no remarkable inter­molecular inter­actions are observed PMID:26870594

  18. Crystal structure of 1,5-diethyl-3′,5′-di­phenyl-1,5-di­hydro-3′H-spiro­[pyra­zolo[3,4-d]pyrimidine-4,2′-[1,3,4]thia­diazole

    PubMed Central

    El Fal, Mohammed; Ramli, Youssef; Essassi, El Mokhtar; Saadi, Mohamed; El Ammari, Lahcen

    2015-01-01

    In the title compound, C22H22N6S, the pyrazolo­[3,4-d]pyrimidine rings system is almost planar, with the r.m.s. deviation for the fitted atoms being 0.011 Å. The two phenyl groups linked to the thia­diazole ring are nearly perpendicular to the fused-ring system as indicated by the dihedral angles of 86.93 (10) and 83.35 (11)°. However, the phenyl rings are almost coplanar with the thia­diazole ring (r.m.s. deviation = 0.015 Å), forming dihedral angles of 10.44 (11) and 10.06 (12)°. In the crystal, mol­ecules are connected into a supra­molecular layer in the ac plane via C—H⋯π inter­actions. PMID:26594469

  19. Saturn's largest ring.

    PubMed

    Verbiscer, Anne J; Skrutskie, Michael F; Hamilton, Douglas P

    2009-10-22

    Most planetary rings in the Solar System lie within a few radii of their host body, because at these distances gravitational accelerations inhibit satellite formation. The best known exceptions are Jupiter's gossamer rings and Saturn's E ring, broad sheets of dust that extend outward until they fade from view at five to ten planetary radii. Source satellites continuously supply the dust, which is subsequently lost in collisions or by radial transport. Here we report that Saturn has an enormous ring associated with its outer moon Phoebe, extending from at least 128R(S) to 207R(S) (Saturn's radius R(S) is 60,330 km). The ring's vertical thickness of 40R(S) matches the range of vertical motion of Phoebe along its orbit. Dynamical considerations argue that these ring particles span the Saturnian system from the main rings to the edges of interplanetary space. The ring's normal optical depth of approximately 2 x 10(-8) is comparable to that of Jupiter's faintest gossamer ring, although its particle number density is several hundred times smaller. Repeated impacts on Phoebe, from both interplanetary and circumplanetary particle populations, probably keep the ring populated with material. Ring particles smaller than centimetres in size slowly migrate inward and many of them ultimately strike the dark leading face of Iapetus.

  20. Allyl 4-hydroxy­phenyl carbonate

    PubMed Central

    Flores Ahuactzin, Víctor Hugo; López, Delia; Bernès, Sylvain

    2009-01-01

    The title mol­ecule, C10H10O4, is a functionalized carbonate used in the synthetic route to organic glasses. The central CH fragment of the allyl group is disordered over two positions, with occupancies in a 0.758 (10):0.242 (10)ratio. This disorder reflects the torsional flexibility of the oxygen–allyl group, although both disordered parts present the expected anti­clinal conformation, with O—CH2—CH=CH2 torsion angles of −111 (2) and 119.1 (4)°. The crystal structure is based on chains parallel to [010], formed by O⋯H—O hydrogen bonds involving hydroxyl and carbonyl groups as donors and acceptors, respectively. The mol­ecular packing is further stabilized by two weak C—H⋯π contacts from the benzene ring of the asymmetric unit with two benzene rings of neighboring mol­ecules. PMID:21582877

  1. On the solar dust ring(s)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mukai, T.

    Based on a mechanism to form the solar dust ring, it is proved that the observed peak in infrared F-corona cannot be explained by silicate type grains alone. Preliminary analysis on the recent infrared data of the F-corona by Maihara et al. (1984) has suggested that the ring particles have different physical properties compared with the dust grains, which produce the background F-corona.

  2. Dust and Planetary Rings

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Siddiqui, Muddassir

    ABSTRACT Space is not empty it has comic radiations (CMBR), dust etc. Cosmic dust is that type of dust which is composed of particles in space which vary from few molecules to 0.1micro metres in size. This type of dust is made up of heavier atoms born in the heart of stars and supernova. Mainly it contains dust grains and when these dust grains starts compacting then it turns to dense clouds, planetary ring dust and circumstellar dust. Dust grains are mainly silicate particles. Dust plays a major role in our solar system, for example in zodiacal light, Saturn's B ring spokes, planetary rings at Jovian planets and comets. Observations and measurements of cosmic dust in different regions of universe provide an important insight into the Universe's recycling processes. Astronomers consider dust in its most recycled state. Cosmic dust have radiative properties by which they can be detected. Cosmic dusts are classified as intergalactic dusts, interstellar dusts and planetary rings. A planetary ring is a ring of cosmic dust and other small particles orbiting around a planet in flat disc shape. All of the Jovian planets in our solar system have rings. But the most notable one is the Saturn's ring which is the brightest one. In March 2008 a report suggested that the Saturn's moon Rhea may have its own tenuous ring system. The ring swirling around Saturn consists of chunks of ice and dust. Most rings were thought to be unstable and to dissipate over course of tens or hundreds of millions of years but it now appears that Saturn's rings might be older than that. The dust particles in the ring collide with each other and are subjected to forces other than gravity of its own planet. Such collisions and extra forces tend to spread out the rings. Pluto is not known to have any ring system but some Astronomers believe that New Horizons probe might find a ring system when it visits in 2015.It is also predicted that Phobos, a moon of Mars will break up and form into a planetary ring

  3. Synthesis and biological evaluation of new 3-(6-hydroxyindol-2-yl)-5-(Phenyl) pyridine or pyrazine V-Shaped molecules as kinase inhibitors and cytotoxic agents.

    PubMed

    Kassis, Pamela; Brzeszcz, Joanna; Bénéteau, Valérie; Lozach, Olivier; Meijer, Laurent; Le Guével, Rémi; Guillouzo, Christiane; Lewiński, Krzysztof; Bourg, Stéphane; Colliandre, Lionel; Routier, Sylvain; Mérour, Jean-Yves

    2011-11-01

    We here report the synthesis and biological evaluation of new 3-[(2-indolyl)]-5-phenyl-3,5-pyridine, 3-[(2-indolyl)]-5-phenyl-2,4-pyridine and 3-[(2-indolyl)]-5-phenyl-2,6-pyrazine derivatives designed as potential CDK inhibitors. Indoles and phenyls were used to generate several substitutions of the pyridine and pyrazine rings. The synthesis included Stille or Suzuki type reactions, which were carried out on the 3,5-dibromopyridine, 2,4-dichloropyridine and 2,6-dichloro-1-4-pyrazine moieties. Cell effects of the V-shaped family were in the micromolar range. Kinase assays were conducted and showed that compound 11 inhibited CDK5 with an inhibitory concentration of 160 nM with a moderate selectivity over GSK3 compared to the reference C which exhibited a slightly lower activity on CDK5 (1.5 μM). Compound 11 was also found to be the most potent compound in the series and was identified as a new lead for DYRK1A inhibitor discovery (IC(50) = 60 nM). Docking studies were carried out in order to investigate the inhibition of DYRK1A.

  4. Fragrance material review on ethyl phenyl carbinyl acetate.

    PubMed

    McGinty, D; Letizia, C S; Api, A M

    2012-09-01

    A toxicologic and dermatologic review of ethyl phenyl carbinyl acetate when used as a fragrance ingredient is presented. Ethyl phenyl carbinyl acetate is a member of the fragrance structural group Aryl Alkyl Alcohol Simple Acid Esters (AAASAE). The AAASAE fragrance ingredients are prepared by reacting an aryl alkyl alcohol with a simple carboxylic acid (a chain of 1-4 carbons) to generate formate, acetate, propionate, butyrate, isobutyrate and carbonate esters. This review contains a detailed summary of all available toxicology and dermatology papers that are related to this individual fragrance ingredient and is not intended as a stand-alone document. Available data for ethyl phenyl carbinyl acetate were evaluated, then summarized, and includes: physical properties; acute toxicity; skin irritation; and skin sensitization data. A safety assessment of the entire AAASAE will be published simultaneously with this document; please refer to Belsito et al. (2012) for an overall assessment of the safe use of this material and all AAASAE in fragrances.

  5. The Phylogenetic Signature Underlying ATP Synthase c-Ring Compliance

    SciTech Connect

    Pandini, Alessandro; Kleinjung, Jens; Taylor, Willie R.; Junge, Wolfgang; Khan, Shahid

    2015-09-01

    The proton-driven ATP synthase (FOF1) is comprised of two rotary, stepping motors (FO and F1) coupled by an elastic power transmission. The elastic compliance resides in the rotor module that includes the membrane-embedded FO c-ring. Proton transport by FO is firmly coupled to the rotation of the c-ring relative to other FO subunits (ab2). It drives ATP synthesis. We used a computational method to investigate the contribution of the c-ring to the total elastic compliance. We performed principal component analysis of conformational ensembles built using distance constraints from the bovine mitochondrial c-ring x-ray structure. Angular rotary twist, the dominant ring motion, was estimated to show that the c-ring accounted in part for the measured compliance. Ring rotation was entrained to rotation of the external helix within each hairpin-shaped c-subunit in the ring. Ensembles of monomer and dimers extracted from complete c-rings showed that the coupling between collective ring and the individual subunit motions was independent of the size of the c-ring, which varies between organisms. Molecular determinants were identified by covariance analysis of residue coevolution and structural-alphabet-based local dynamics correlations. The residue coevolution gave a readout of subunit architecture. The dynamic couplings revealed that the hinge for both ring and subunit helix rotations was constructed from the proton-binding site and the adjacent glycine motif (IB-GGGG) in the midmembrane plane. IB-GGGG motifs were linked by long-range couplings across the ring, while intrasubunit couplings connected the motif to the conserved cytoplasmic loop and adjacent segments. The correlation with principal collective motions shows that the couplings underlie both ring rotary and bending motions. Noncontact couplings between IB-GGGG motifs matched the coevolution signal as well as contact couplings

  6. Slowing of Vortex Rings

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Donnelly, Russell; Bolster, Diogo; Hershberger, Robert

    2008-11-01

    We have investigated the slowing of vortex rings in water which are created with very thin cores. We find that these rings propagate with no measurable change in diameter or core size. The drag appears to be the result of viscous forces on the core. A simple model for this drag describes experimental data in terms of a drag coefficient, which depends only on Reynolds number. Barenghi's group at Newcastle found that the translational velocity of a ring in an inviscid fluid perturbed by Kelvin waves decreases with increasing amplitude of Kelvin waves. This suggests that the velocity of vortex rings in a viscous fluid may well depend on the amplitude of Kelvin waves at the time of formation. Rings with substantial amplitude of Kelvin waves will be expected to move more slowly than rings with little or no Kelvin wave amplitude. We present experimental data confirming this suggestion.

  7. Phenyl 3,5-di-tert-butyl-2-hy­droxy­benzoate

    PubMed Central

    Carreño, Alexander; Preite, Marcelo; Manriquez, Juan Manuel; Vega, Andrés; Chavez, Ivonne

    2010-01-01

    The title mol­ecule, C21H26O3, has a six-membered planar carbon ring as the central core, substituted at position 1 with phen­oxy­carbonyl, at position 2 with hy­droxy and at positions 3 and 5 with tert-butyl groups. The structure shows two independent but very similar mol­ecules within the asymmetric unit. For both independent mol­ecules, the ester carboxyl­ate group is coplanar with the central core, as reflected by the small C—C—O—C torsion angles [179.95 (17) and 173.70 (17)°]. In contrast, the phenyl substituent is almost perpendicular to the carboxyl­ate –CO2 fragment, as reflected by C—O—C—C torsion angles, ranging from 74 to 80°. The coplanarity between the central aromatic ring and the ester carboxyl­ate –CO2– group allows the formation of an intra­molecular hydrogen bond, with O⋯O distances of 2.563 (2) and 2.604 (2) Å. PMID:21589569

  8. Radioactive gold ring dermatitis

    SciTech Connect

    Miller, R.A.; Aldrich, J.E. )

    1990-08-01

    A superficial squamous cell carcinoma developed in a woman who wore a radioactive gold ring for more than 30 years. Only part of the ring was radioactive. Radiation dose measurements indicated that the dose to basal skin layer was 2.4 Gy (240 rad) per week. If it is assumed that the woman continually wore her wedding ring for 37 years since purchase, she would have received a maximum dose of approximately 4600 Gy.

  9. Synthesis, spectroscopic characterization and DFT calculations of monohydroxyalkylated derivatives of 1-phenyl-2H,6H-imidazo[1,5-c]quinazoline-3,5-dione

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Szyszkowska, Agnieszka; Hęclik, Karol; Trzybiński, Damian; Woźniak, Krzysztof; Klasek, Antonin; Zarzyka, Iwona

    2017-01-01

    Synthesis of new derivatives with an imidazo[1,5-c]quinazoline-3,5-dione ring has been presented. Two new alcohols with the imidazo[1,5-c]quinazoline-3,5-dione ring were obtained and characterized by spectral (1H, 13C NMR, IR and UV) and crystallography methods. A reaction chemoselectivity has been observed with a formation of monohydroxyalkyl derivatives of 1-phenyl-2H,6H-imidazo[1,5-c]quinazoline-3,5-dione substituted at the 2. nitrogen atom. The absence of derivatives substituted at the 6. nitrogen atom was proven experimentally. The synthesis with chemoselectivity over 99% without control of the substituent effect happens very rarely. The HOMO-LUMO mappings are reported which reveals the different charge transfer possibilities within the molecule of 1-phenyl-2H,6H-imidazo[1,5-c]quinazoline-3,5-dione in the region of the 2. and the 6. nitrogen atoms. Quantum-mechanical DFT calculations proved to be very useful to explain the reason of selectivity reaction of 1-phenyl-2H,6H-imidazo[1,5-c]quinazoline-3,5-dione with oxiranes.

  10. Saturn's E ring revisited

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Feibelman, W. A.; Klinglesmith, D. A.

    1980-07-01

    Images of the E ring of Saturn obtained by the image processing of photographs of the 1966 edge-on presentation of the planet's ring plane are presented. Two methods of image enhancement were used: scanning with an image quantizer operated in the derivative mode to enhance contrast and computerized subtraction of a circularly symmetric image of the overexposed Saturn disk. Further photographic and CCD observation confirming the existence of the ring extending to twice the diameter of the A ring, which was not detected by the Pioneer 11 imaging photopolarimeter, is indicated.

  11. Jupiter's Ring Halo

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1997-01-01

    A mosaic of four images taken through the clear filter (610 nanometers) of the solid state imaging (CCD) system aboard NASA's Galileo spacecraft on November 8, 1996, at a resolution of approximately 46 kilometers (km) per picture element (pixel) along the rings; however, because the spacecraft was only about 0.5 degrees above the ring plane, the image is highly foreshortened in the vertical direction. The images were obtained when Galileo was in Jupiter's shadow peering back toward the Sun; the ring was approximately 2,300,000 kilometers (km) away. The arc on the far right of the image is produced by sunlight scattered by small particles comprising Jupiter's upper atmospheric haze. The ring also efficiently scatters light, indicating that much of its brightness is due to particles that are microns or less in diameter. Such small particles are believed to have human-scale lifetimes, i.e., very brief compared to the solar system's age.

    Jupiter's ring system is composed of three parts -- a flat main ring, a lenticular halo interior to the main ring, and the gossamer ring, which lies exterior to the main ring. The near and far arms of Jupiter's main ring extend horizontally across the mosaic, joining together at the ring's ansa, on the far left side of the figure. The near arm of the ring appears to be abruptly truncated close to the planet, at the point where it passes into Jupiter's shadow.

    A faint mist of particles can be seen above and below the main rings; this vertically extended, toroidal 'halo' is unusual in planetary rings, and is probably caused by electromagnetic forces which can push small grains out of the ring plane. Halo material is present across this entire image, implying that it reaches more than 27,000 km above the ring plane. Because of shadowing, the halo is not visible close to Jupiter in the lower right part of the mosaic. In order to accentuate faint features in the image, different brightnesses are shown through color, with the brightest

  12. Bis(4-(3,4-dimethylenepyrrolidyl)-phenyl) methane

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ottenbrite, Raphael M. (Inventor)

    1989-01-01

    It is the primary object of the present invention to prepare high temperature polymeric materials, especially linear aromatic polyimides, which maintain their integrity and toughness during long exposure times at elevated temperatures. According to the present invention, this object is achieved, and the attending benefits are obtained, by first providing the bis(exocyclodiene) bis(4-(3,4-dinethylene pyrrolidyl) phenyl) methane, which is formed from the monomer N-phenyl 3,4-dimethylene pyrrolidine. This bis-(exocyclodiene) undergoes Diels-Alder reaction with a bismaleimide without the evolution of gaseous by-products, to form the aromatic polyimide.

  13. Dependency of the regio- and stereoselectivity of intramolecular, ring-closing glycosylations upon the ring size

    PubMed Central

    Claude, Patrick; Lehmann, Christian

    2011-01-01

    Summary Phenyl 3,4,6-tri-O-benzyl-2-O-(3-carboxypropionyl)-1-thio-β-D-galactopyranoside (1) was condensed via its pentafluorophenyl ester 2 with 5-aminopentyl (4a), 4-aminobutyl (4b), 3-aminopropyl (4c) and 2-aminoethyl 4,6-O-benzylidene-β-D-glucopyranoside (4d), prepared from the corresponding N-Cbz protected glucosides 3a–d, to give the corresponding 2-[3-(alkylcarbamoyl)propionyl] tethered saccharides 5a–d. Intramolecular, ring closing glycosylation of the saccharides with NIS and TMSOTf afforded the tethered β(1→3) linked disaccharides 6a–c, the α(1→3) linked disaccharides 7a–d and the α(1→2) linked disaccharide 8d in ratios depending upon the ring size formed during glycosylation. No β(1→2) linked disaccharides were formed. Molecular modeling of saccharides 6–8 revealed that a strong aromatic stacking interaction between the aromatic parts of the benzyl and benzylidene protecting groups in the galactosyl and glucosyl moieties was mainly responsible for the observed regioselectivity and anomeric selectivity of the ring-closing glycosylation step. PMID:22238538

  14. Kinetic analysis of the pyrolysis of phenethyl phenyl ether: computational prediction of ?/?-selectivities

    SciTech Connect

    Beste, Ariana; Buchanan III, A C; Britt, Phillip F; Hathorn, Bryan C; Harrison, Robert J

    2007-01-01

    We have developed a scheme to predict / -product selectivities in the pyrolysis of model compounds for the -ether linkage in lignin. The calculation of the individual / -selectivities for hydrogen abstraction by chain carrying benzyl and phenoxyl radicals profits from error cancellation in the computation of relative rate constants of similar reactions with common reactants. The Arrhenius pre-factors depend strongly on the description of the low-frequency modes for which anharmonic contributions are important. We use density functional theory in combination with transition state theory in this analysis. Diagonal anharmonic effects for individual low-frequency modes are included by employing a second-order Wigner-Kirkwood expansion in a semiclassical expression for the vibrational partition function. The composite / -product selectivity is obtained by applying quasi-steady-state kinetic analysis for the intermediate radicals. We calculate an overall / -selectivity for the pyrolysis of phenethyl phenyl ether as a composite of the / -selectivities in the hydrogen abstraction reactions by the phenoxyl and by the benzyl radical that is in excellent agreement with experiment. The difference between the individual selectivities for these radicals is explained by analyzing the electronic structure of the transition states. Spin delocalization of the single electron favors the -pathways. An opposing effect occurs for polarized transition states, such as the transition states for the hydrogen abstraction by the electrophilic phenoxyl radical, where the adjacent ether oxygen in phenethyl phenyl ether stabilizes the -transition states. These results also indicate that theory will be able to provide excellent predictions of / -product selectivities for more complicated lignin model compounds bearing multiple substituents.

  15. Modified spiral wound retaining ring

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lawson, A. G. (Inventor)

    1980-01-01

    A spiral wound retaining ring with angled ends is described. The ring is crimped at the same angle as the ring ends to maintain a constant thickness dimension. The angling of the ends of the ring and crimp allow the ends to be positioned closer together while maintaining enough clearance to enable insertion and removal of the ring. By reducing the separation distance between the ends a stronger ring results since the double layer area of the ring is maximized.

  16. The Phylogenetic Signature Underlying ATP Synthase c-Ring Compliance

    DOE PAGES

    Pandini, Alessandro; Kleinjung, Jens; Taylor, Willie R.; ...

    2015-09-01

    The proton-driven ATP synthase (FOF1) is comprised of two rotary, stepping motors (FO and F1) coupled by an elastic power transmission. The elastic compliance resides in the rotor module that includes the membrane-embedded FO c-ring. Proton transport by FO is firmly coupled to the rotation of the c-ring relative to other FO subunits (ab2). It drives ATP synthesis. We used a computational method to investigate the contribution of the c-ring to the total elastic compliance. We performed principal component analysis of conformational ensembles built using distance constraints from the bovine mitochondrial c-ring x-ray structure. Angular rotary twist, the dominant ringmore » motion, was estimated to show that the c-ring accounted in part for the measured compliance. Ring rotation was entrained to rotation of the external helix within each hairpin-shaped c-subunit in the ring. Ensembles of monomer and dimers extracted from complete c-rings showed that the coupling between collective ring and the individual subunit motions was independent of the size of the c-ring, which varies between organisms. Molecular determinants were identified by covariance analysis of residue coevolution and structural-alphabet-based local dynamics correlations. The residue coevolution gave a readout of subunit architecture. The dynamic couplings revealed that the hinge for both ring and subunit helix rotations was constructed from the proton-binding site and the adjacent glycine motif (IB-GGGG) in the midmembrane plane. IB-GGGG motifs were linked by long-range couplings across the ring, while intrasubunit couplings connected the motif to the conserved cytoplasmic loop and adjacent segments. The correlation with principal collective motions shows that the couplings underlie both ring rotary and bending motions. Noncontact couplings between IB-GGGG motifs matched the coevolution signal as well as contact couplings. The residue coevolution reflects the physiological importance of the dynamics

  17. 1-{6-Chloro-2-[(2-chloro-3-quinol­yl)meth­oxy]-4-phenyl-3-quinol­yl}ethan-1-one

    PubMed Central

    Khan, F. Nawaz; Roopan, S. Mohana; Kumar, Rajesh; Hathwar, Venkatesha R.; Akkurt, Mehmet

    2010-01-01

    In the title compound, C27H18Cl2N2O2, the 2-chloro­quinoline and 6-chloro­quinoline rings are almost planar, with maximum deviations from their mean planes of 0.072 (1) and 0.044 (1) Å, respectively, for the Cl atoms. The inter­planar angle between these rings is 14.36 (5)°. The inter­planar angle between the 6-chloro­quinoline and phenyl rings is 66.00 (8)°. In the crystal, mol­ecules are inter­linked by weak C—H⋯O, C—H⋯π and π–π stacking [centroid–centroid distances = 3.7453 (10) and 3.7557 (9) Å] inter­actions. PMID:21587841

  18. Discovery, optimization, and biological evaluation of 5-(2-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)indazoles as a novel class of transient receptor potential A1 (TRPA1) antagonists.

    PubMed

    Rooney, Lisa; Vidal, Agnès; D'Souza, Anne-Marie; Devereux, Nick; Masick, Brian; Boissel, Valerie; West, Ryan; Head, Victoria; Stringer, Rowan; Lao, Jianmin; Petrus, Matt J; Patapoutian, Ardem; Nash, Mark; Stoakley, Natalie; Panesar, Moh; Verkuyl, J Martin; Schumacher, Andrew M; Petrassi, H Michael; Tully, David C

    2014-06-26

    A high throughput screening campaign identified 5-(2-chlorophenyl)indazole compound 4 as an antagonist of the transient receptor potential A1 (TRPA1) ion channel with IC50 = 1.23 μM. Hit to lead medicinal chemistry optimization established the SAR around the indazole ring system, demonstrating that a trifluoromethyl group at the 2-position of the phenyl ring in combination with various substituents at the 6-position of the indazole ring greatly contributed to improvements in vitro activity. Further lead optimization resulted in the identification of compound 31, a potent and selective antagonist of TRPA1 in vitro (IC50 = 0.015 μM), which has moderate oral bioavailability in rodents and demonstrates robust activity in vivo in several rodent models of inflammatory pain.

  19. Contactless Magnetic Slip Ring

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kumagai, Hiroyuki (Inventor); Deardon, Joe D. (Inventor)

    1997-01-01

    A contactless magnetic slip ring is disclosed having a primary coil and a secondary coil. The primary and secondary coils are preferably magnetically coupled together, in a highly reliable efficient manner, by a magnetic layered core. One of the secondary and primary coils is rotatable and the contactless magnetic slip ring provides a substantially constant output.

  20. Illustration of Saturn's Rings

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2001-01-01

    This illustration shows a close-up of Saturn's rings. These rings are thought to have formed from material that was unable to form into a Moon because of tidal forces from Saturn, or from a Moon that was broken up by Saturn's tidal forces.

  1. Birth Control Ring

    MedlinePlus

    ... It? The birth control ring is a soft, flexible, doughnut-shaped ring about 2 inches (5 centimeters) in diameter. It is inserted into the vagina, where it slowly releases hormones — the chemicals the body makes to control organ function — through the vaginal wall into the ...

  2. Steroidal contraceptive vaginal rings.

    PubMed

    Sarkar, N N

    2003-06-01

    The development of steroid-releasing vaginal rings over the past three decades is reviewed to illustrate the role of this device as an effective hormonal contraceptive for women. Vaginal rings are made of polysiloxane rubber or ethylene-vinyl-acetate copolymer with an outer diameter of 54-60 mm and a cross-sectional diameter of 4-9.5 mm and contain progestogen only or a combination of progestogen and oestrogen. The soft flexible combined ring is inserted in the vagina for three weeks and removed for seven days to allow withdrawal bleeding. Progesterone/progestogen-only rings are kept in for varying periods and replaced without a ring-free period. Rings are in various stages of research and development but a few, such as NuvaRing, have reached the market in some countries. Women find this method easy to use, effective, well tolerated and acceptable with no serious side-effects. Though the contraceptive efficacy of these vaginal rings is high, acceptability is yet to be established.

  3. Smoke Ring Physics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Huggins, Elisha

    2011-11-01

    The behavior of smoke rings, tornados, and quantized vortex rings in superfluid helium has many features in common. These features can be described by the same mathematics we use when introducing Ampère's law in an introductory physics course. We discuss these common features.

  4. The Fermilab recycler ring

    SciTech Connect

    Martin Hu

    2001-07-24

    The Fermilab Recycler is a permanent magnet storage ring for the accumulation of antiprotons from the Antiproton Source, and the recovery and cooling of the antiprotons remaining at the end of a Tevatron store. It is an integral part of the Fermilab III luminosity upgrade. The following paper describes the design features, operational and commissioning status of the Recycler Ring.

  5. Smoke Ring Physics

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Huggins, Elisha

    2011-01-01

    The behavior of smoke rings, tornados, and quantized vortex rings in superfluid helium has many features in common. These features can be described by the same mathematics we use when introducing Ampere's law in an introductory physics course. We discuss these common features. (Contains 7 figures.)

  6. EBT ring physics

    SciTech Connect

    Uckan, N.A.

    1980-04-01

    This workshop attempted to evaluate the status of the current experimental and theoretical understanding of hot electron ring properties. The dominant physical processes that influence ring formation, scaling, and their optimal behavior are also studied. Separate abstracts were prepared for each of the 27 included papers. (MOW)

  7. Telemetry carrier ring and support

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wakeman, Thomas G. (Inventor)

    1992-01-01

    A telemetry carrier ring for use in a gas turbine engine includes an annular support ring connected to the engine and an annular carrier ring coupled to the support ring, each ring exhibiting different growth characteristics in response to thermal and mechanical loading. The carrier ring is coupled to the support ring by a plurality of circumferentially spaced web members which are relatively thin in an engine radial direction to provide a predetermined degree of radial flexibility. the web members have a circumferential width and straight axial line of action selected to transfer torque and thrust between the support ring and the carrier ring without substantial deflection. The use of the web members with radial flexibility provides compensation between the support ring and the carrier ring since the carrier ring grows at a different rate than the supporting ring.

  8. Crystal structure of 2-[2-(hy­droxy­imino)-1-phenyl­propyl­idene]-N-phen­ylhydrazinecarbo­thio­amide

    PubMed Central

    Anderson, Brian J.; Freedman, Michael B.; Millikan, Sean P.; Smolenski, Victoria A.; Jasinski, Jerry P.

    2015-01-01

    In the title compound, C16H16N4OS, an intra­molecular C—H⋯S hydrogen bond is observed. With the exception of the phenyl ring of the phenyl­propyl­idene unit, the remainder of the mol­ecule has an almost planar skeleton with an r.m.s. deviation of 0.121 (5) Å from the plane through the remaining 16 atoms. In the crystal O—H⋯N hydrogen bonds are observed between the terminal hy­droxy­imino groups, forming inverson dimers with R 2 2(6) graph-set motifs. Additional C—H⋯N contacts stack the dimers along [100]. While no π—π inter­actions are present, weak C—H⋯O and O—H⋯Cg inter­actions are also observed and help stabilize the crystal packing. PMID:26594484

  9. Crystal structure of (1-eth­oxy­ethyl­idene)di­methyl­aza­nium tetra­phenyl­borate

    PubMed Central

    Tiritiris, Ioannis; Saur, Stefan; Kantlehner, Willi

    2015-01-01

    In the cation of the title salt, C6H14NO+·C24H20B−, the C—N bond lengths are 1.297 (2), 1.464 (2) and 1.468 (2) Å, indicating double- and single-bond character, respectively. The C—O bond length of 1.309 (2) Å shows double-bond character, pointing towards charge delocalization within the NCO plane of the iminium ion. In the crystal, C—H⋯π inter­actions between the iminium H atoms and the phenyl C atoms of the anion are present. The phenyl rings form aromatic pockets, in which the iminium ions are embedded. PMID:26870564

  10. Unprecedented π···π interaction between an aromatic ring and a pseudo-aromatic ring formed through intramolecular H-bonding in a bidentate Schiff base ligand: crystal structure and DFT calculations.

    PubMed

    Dutta, Arpan; Jana, Atish Dipankar; Gangopadhyay, Sumana; Das, Kalyan Kumar; Marek, Jaromir; Marek, Radek; Brus, Jiri; Ali, Mahammad

    2011-09-21

    A combination of a single crystal X-ray diffraction study and density functional theory calculations has been applied to a bidentate Schiff base compound to elucidate different cooperative non-covalent interactions involved in the stabilization of the keto form over the enol one in the solid state. The single crystal X-ray structure reveals a remarkable supramolecular assembly of the keto form through a cyclic hydrogen bonded dimeric motif. The most interesting feature in the supramolecular assembly is the formation of a 'dimer of dimer' motif by π···π, CH···π and N···O/O···O interactions in which the π···π interaction involving the aromatic phenyl ring and the intramolecularly hydrogen bonded pseudo-aromatic ring of the keto form lying just above or below the phenyl ring of the other dimer seems to be unprecedented. The optimized geometry of the hydrogen bonded dimeric motif of the keto form of the organic molecule has been obtained by DFT calculations and agrees very well with that found within the crystalline state. The X-ray crystallographic geometry of the 'dimer of dimer' has also been computed, which shows that in the HOMO, the π electrons are localized in the phenyl rings away from each other, while in the LUMO, there is a strong π-π interaction between the phenyl ring of one dimer with the pseudo-aromatic ring of another dimer with an energy estimated to be 7.95 kJ mol(-1). Therefore, on HOMO → LUMO excitation there is localization of π electrons in the central part of the complex moiety which plays a stabilizing role of the dimer of dimer motif in the solid state.

  11. Adjacent Segment Pathology after Anterior Cervical Fusion

    PubMed Central

    Chung, Jae Yoon; Park, Jong-Beom; Seo, Hyoung-Yeon

    2016-01-01

    Anterior cervical fusion has become a standard of care for numerous pathologic conditions of the cervical spine. However, subsequent development of clinically significant disc disease at levels adjacent to fused discs is a serious long-term complication of this procedure. As more patients live longer after surgery, it is foreseeable that adjacent segment pathology (ASP) will develop in increasing numbers of patients. Also, ASP has been studied more intensively with the recent popularity of motion preservation technologies like total disc arthroplasty. The true nature and scope of ASP remains poorly understood. The etiology of ASP is most likely multifactorial. Various factors including altered biomechanical stresses, surgical disruption of soft tissue and the natural history of cervical disc disease contribute to the development of ASP. General factors associated with disc degeneration including gender, age, smoking and sports may play a role in the development of ASP. Postoperative sagittal alignment and type of surgery are also considered potential causes of ASP. Therefore, a spine surgeon must be particularly careful to avoid unnecessary disruption of the musculoligamentous structures, reduced risk of direct injury to the disc during dissection and maintain a safe margin between the plate edge and adjacent vertebrae during anterior cervical fusion. PMID:27340541

  12. Jupiter's Gossamer Rings Explained.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hamilton, D. P.

    2003-05-01

    Over the past several years, Galileo measurements and groundbased imaging have drastically improved our knowledge of Jupiter's faint ring system. We now recognize that the ring consists of four components: a main ring 7000km wide, whose inner edge blossoms into a vertically-extended halo, and a pair of more tenuous Gossamer rings, one associated with each of the small moons Thebe and Amalthea. When viewed edge on, the Gossamer rings appear as diaphanous disks whose thicknesses agree with the vertical excursions of the inclined satellites from the equatorial plane. In addition, the brightness of each Gossamer ring drops off sharply outside the satellite orbits. These correlations allowed Burns etal (1999, Science, 284, 1146) to argue convincingly that the satellites act as sources of the dusty ring material. In addition, since most material is seen inside the orbits of the source satellites, an inwardly-acting dissipative force such as Poynting-Robertson drag is implicated. The most serious problem with this simple and elegant picture is that it is unable to explain the existence of a faint swath of material that extends half a jovian radius outward from Thebe. A key constraint is that this material has the same thickness as the rest of the Thebe ring. In this work, we identify the mechanism responsible for the outward extension: it is a shadow resonance, first investigated by Horanyi and Burns (1991, JGR, 96, 19283). When a dust grain enters Jupiter's shadow, photoelectric processes shut down and the grain's electric charge becomes more negative. The electromagnetic forces associated with the varying charge cause periodic oscillations in the orbital eccentricity and semimajor axis as the orbital pericenter precesses. This results in a ring which spreads both inward and outward of its source satellite while preserving its vertical thickness - just as is observed for the Thebe ring. Predictions of the model are: i) gaps of micron-sized material interior to Thebe and

  13. Ring chromosome 4.

    PubMed Central

    McDermott, A; Voyce, M A; Romain, D

    1977-01-01

    A mentally and physically retarded boy with a 46,XY,ring (4) (p16q35) chromosome complement is described. Chromosome banding showed that the amount of chromosome material deleted from the ring chromosome 4 was minimal, apparently no more than the telomeres. Chromosomal aberrations appear to be restricted to the production of double-sized dicentric rings, and aneuploidy. The mosiacism resulting from the behavioural peculiarities of ring chromosomes is described as dynamic mosaicism. It is suggested that the clinical features associated with this ring chromosome are more likely to be the result of the effects of a diploid/monosomy 4/polysomy 4 mosaicism than to the deficiency of the telomeric regions of the chromosome. Images PMID:881718

  14. Jupiter's Rings: Sharpest View

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2007-01-01

    The New Horizons spacecraft took the best images of Jupiter's charcoal-black rings as it approached and then looked back at Jupiter. The top image was taken on approach, showing three well-defined lanes of gravel- to boulder-sized material composing the bulk of the rings, as well as lesser amounts of material between the rings. New Horizons snapped the lower image after it had passed Jupiter on February 28, 2007, and looked back in a direction toward the sun. The image is sharply focused, though it appears fuzzy due to the cloud of dust-sized particles enveloping the rings. The dust is brightly illuminated in the same way the dust on a dirty windshield lights up when you drive toward a 'low' sun. The narrow rings are confined in their orbits by small 'shepherding' moons.

  15. 40 CFR 721.9825 - Phenyl substituted triazolinones.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... in combination with a chemical-resistant glove that has been demonstrated (EPA review not required... SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT SIGNIFICANT NEW USES OF CHEMICAL SUBSTANCES Significant New Uses for Specific Chemical Substances § 721.9825 Phenyl substituted triazolinones. (a) Chemical substance and significant new...

  16. 40 CFR 721.10300 - Benzeneacetic acid, .alpha.-chloro-.alpha.-phenyl-, ethyl ester.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...-.alpha.-phenyl-, ethyl ester. 721.10300 Section 721.10300 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL....-phenyl-, ethyl ester. (a) Chemical substance and significant new uses subject to reporting. (1) The chemical substance identified as benzeneacetic acid, .alpha.-chloro-.alpha.-phenyl-, ethyl ester (PMN...

  17. 40 CFR 721.10300 - Benzeneacetic acid, .alpha.-chloro-.alpha.-phenyl-, ethyl ester.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...-.alpha.-phenyl-, ethyl ester. 721.10300 Section 721.10300 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL....-phenyl-, ethyl ester. (a) Chemical substance and significant new uses subject to reporting. (1) The chemical substance identified as benzeneacetic acid, .alpha.-chloro-.alpha.-phenyl-, ethyl ester (PMN...

  18. 40 CFR 721.10300 - Benzeneacetic acid, .alpha.-chloro-.alpha.-phenyl-, ethyl ester.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...-.alpha.-phenyl-, ethyl ester. 721.10300 Section 721.10300 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL....-phenyl-, ethyl ester. (a) Chemical substance and significant new uses subject to reporting. (1) The chemical substance identified as benzeneacetic acid, .alpha.-chloro-.alpha.-phenyl-, ethyl ester (PMN...

  19. 40 CFR 721.9538 - Lithium salt of sulfophenyl azo phenyl azo disulfostilbene (generic).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 31 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Lithium salt of sulfophenyl azo phenyl... Significant New Uses for Specific Chemical Substances § 721.9538 Lithium salt of sulfophenyl azo phenyl azo... substance identified generically as lithium salt of sulfophenyl azo phenyl azo disulfostilbene (PMN...

  20. 40 CFR 721.9538 - Lithium salt of sulfophenyl azo phenyl azo disulfostilbene (generic).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 30 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Lithium salt of sulfophenyl azo phenyl... Significant New Uses for Specific Chemical Substances § 721.9538 Lithium salt of sulfophenyl azo phenyl azo... substance identified generically as lithium salt of sulfophenyl azo phenyl azo disulfostilbene (PMN...

  1. 40 CFR 721.9538 - Lithium salt of sulfophenyl azo phenyl azo disulfostilbene (generic).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 31 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Lithium salt of sulfophenyl azo phenyl... Significant New Uses for Specific Chemical Substances § 721.9538 Lithium salt of sulfophenyl azo phenyl azo... substance identified generically as lithium salt of sulfophenyl azo phenyl azo disulfostilbene (PMN...

  2. 40 CFR 721.9538 - Lithium salt of sulfophenyl azo phenyl azo disulfostilbene (generic).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 32 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Lithium salt of sulfophenyl azo phenyl... Significant New Uses for Specific Chemical Substances § 721.9538 Lithium salt of sulfophenyl azo phenyl azo... substance identified generically as lithium salt of sulfophenyl azo phenyl azo disulfostilbene (PMN...

  3. 40 CFR 721.9538 - Lithium salt of sulfophenyl azo phenyl azo disulfostilbene (generic).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 32 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Lithium salt of sulfophenyl azo phenyl... Significant New Uses for Specific Chemical Substances § 721.9538 Lithium salt of sulfophenyl azo phenyl azo... substance identified generically as lithium salt of sulfophenyl azo phenyl azo disulfostilbene (PMN...

  4. The Enceladus Ring

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2006-01-01

    [figure removed for brevity, see original site] The Enceladus Ring (labeled)

    This excellent view of the faint E ring -- a ring feature now known to be created by Enceladus -- also shows two of Saturn's small moons that orbit within the ring, among a field of stars in the background.

    The E ring extends from three to eight Saturn radii -- about 180,000 kilometers (118,000 miles) to 482,000 kilometers (300,000 miles). Its full extent is not visible in this view.

    Calypso (22 kilometers, or 14 miles across) and Helene (32 kilometers, or 20 miles across) orbit within the E ring's expanse. Helene skirts the outer parts of the E ring, but here it is projected in front of a region deeper within the ring.

    Calypso and Helene are trojan satellites, or moons that orbit 60 degrees in front or behind a larger moon. Calypso is a Tethys trojan and Helene is a trojan of Dione.

    An interesting feature of note in this image is the double-banded appearance of the E-ring, which is created because the ring is somewhat fainter in the ringplane than it is 500-1,000 kilometers (300-600 miles) above and below the ringplane. This appearance implies that the particles in this part of the ring have nonzero inclinations (a similar affect is seen in Jupiter's gossamer ring). An object with a nonzero inclination does not orbit exactly at Saturn's ringplane. Instead, its orbit takes it above and below the ringplane. Scientists are not entirely sure why the particles should have such inclinations, but they are fairly certain that the reason involves Enceladus.

    One possible explanation is that all the E ring particles come from the plume of icy material that is shooting due south out of the moon's pole. This means all of the particles are created with a certain velocity out of the ringplane, and then they orbit above and below that plane.

    Another possible explanation is that Enceladus produces particles with a range of speeds, but the moon gravitationally

  5. Perimeter ring currents in benzenoids from Pauling bond orders.

    PubMed

    Fowler, Patrick W; Myrvold, Wendy; Jenkinson, Daniel; Bird, William H

    2016-04-28

    It is shown that the ring currents in perimeter hexagonal rings of Kekulean benzenoids, as estimated within the Randić conjugated-circuit model, can be calculated directly without tedious pairwise comparison of Kekulé structures or Kekulé counting for cycle-deleted subgraphs. Required are only the Pauling bond orders of perimeter bonds and the number of Kekulé structures of the benzenoid, both readily available from the adjacency matrix of the carbon skeleton. This approach provides easy calculation of complete current maps for benzenoids in which every face has at least one bond on the perimeter (as in the example of cata-condensed benzenoids), and allows qualitative evaluation of the main ring-current contributions to (1)H chemical shifts in general benzenoids. A combined Randić-Pauling model for correlation of ring current and bond length through bond order is derived and shown to be consistent with resilience of current under bond alternation.

  6. Earth: A Ringed Planet?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hancock, L. O.; Povenmire, H.

    2010-12-01

    Among the most beautiful findings of the Space Age have been the discoveries of planetary rings. Not only Saturn but also Jupiter, Uranus and Neptune have rings; Saturn’s ring system has structures newly discovered; even Saturn's moon Rhea itself has a ring. All these are apparently supplied by material from the planetary moons (Rhea's ring by Rhea itself). The question naturally arises, why should the Earth not have a ring, and on the other hand, if it does, why has it not been observed? No rings have yet been observed in the inner solar system, but after all, rings in the inner solar system might simply tend to be fainter and more transient than those of the outer solar system: the inner solar system is more affected by the solar wind, and the Sun’s perturbing gravitational influence is greater. J.A. O’Keefe first suggested (1980) that Earth might have a ring system of its own. An Earth ring could account for some climate events. O’Keefe remarked that formation or thickening of a ring system in Earth’s equatorial plane could drive glaciation by deepening the chill of the winter hemisphere. (It is very well established that volcanic dust is an effective agent for the extinction of sunlight; this factor can be overwhelmingly apparent in eclipse observations.) O’Keefe died in 2000 and the speculation was not pursued, but the idea of an Earth ring has a prima facie reasonableness that calls for its renewed consideration. The program of this note is to hypothesize that, as O’Keefe proposed: (a) an Earth ring system exists; (b) it affects Earth's weather and climate; (c) the tektite strewn fields comprise filaments of the ring fallen to Earth's surface on various occasions of disturbance by comets or asteroids. On this basis, and drawing on the world's weather records, together with the Twentieth Century Reanalysis by NCEP/CIRES covering the period 1870-2010 and the geology of the tektite strewn fields, we herein propose the hypothesized Earth ring

  7. Seal ring installation tool

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Haselmaier, L. Haynes (Inventor)

    2004-01-01

    A seal ring tool that allows an installer to position a primary seal ring between hub ends of pipe flanges that are being assembled together. The tool includes a pivoting handle member and extension arms attached to the pivoting handle member. The ends of the arms have side indentation type longitudinal grooves angled toward one another for holding the primary seal ring in place between the hubs of respective pipes that are to be attached together. The arms of the tool can also have flat sides that can be used to abut against an optional second larger seal that is supported within a groove in one of the hub ends so that the second hub end can then be moved against the other side of the primary seal ring. Once the seal ring is positioned between the pipe hubs, the pipe hubs can be moved about the seal ring due to the flat sides of the arms of the tool. The tool eliminates the chances of damaging and contaminating seal rings being installed within pipe hubs that are being attached to one another.

  8. (E)-2-{[1-(3,11-Dimethyl-4-methyl-ene-10-oxo-1-phenyl-4,5,10,11-tetra-hydro-1H-benzo[b]pyrazolo-[3,4-f][1,5]diazo-cin-5-yl)ethyl-idene]amino}-N-methyl-N-(3-methyl-1-phenyl-1H-pyrazol-5-yl)benzamide.

    PubMed

    Meneghetti, Fiorella; Maggio, Benedetta

    2013-01-01

    The central eight-membered ring of the title compound, C40H36N8O2, deviates from the ideal boat conformation because the bond between the exo-ethyl-ene group and the adjacent N atom is twisted by 60.0 (4)° due to steric hindrance. Its adjacent benzene and pyrazole rings are oriented almost perpendicular to each other, making a dihedral angle of 85.8 (3)°. In the crystal, the mol-ecules are linked by C(ar)-H⋯O hydrogen bonds, generating a three-dimensional network.

  9. Chemically induced Parkinson's disease: intermediates in the oxidation of 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine to the 1-methyl-4-phenyl-pyridinium ion

    SciTech Connect

    Chacon, J.N.; Chedekel, M.R.; Land, E.J.; Truscott, T.G.

    1987-04-29

    Various unstable intermediate oxidation states have been postulated in the metabolic activation of 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine to the 1-methyl-4-phenyl pyridinium ion. We now report the first direct observation of these free radical intermediates by pulse radiolysis and flash photolysis. Studies are described of various reactions of such species, in particular with dopamine whose autoxidation to dopamine quinone is reported to be potentiated by 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3, 6-tetrahydropyridine.

  10. A survey of the lone pair effect on the ring geometry of 1,2,4-triazoles and analogous 1,2,3-triazoles and imidazoles. The structures of 1-methyl-5-amino-3-methylthio-1,2,4-triazole, 1-phenyl-5-amino-3-methylthio-1,2,4-triazole and 1-(4-methylbenzyl)-3-amino-5-methylthio-1,2,4-triazole

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kálmán, A.; Argay, Gy.

    1983-11-01

    The structures of the title compounds have been established by X-ray crystallography from diffractometer data. Crystals of the first ( I), C 4H 8N 4S, are monoclinic, space group P2 1/ c, with a = 8.166(2), b = 10.481(1), c = 8.585(1) Å, β = 109.33(2)°, Z = 4, D c = 1.381 g cm -3. Crystals of the second ( II), C 9H 10N 4S, are monoclinic, space group P2 1/ c, with a = 11.850(4), b = 7.898(1), c = 23.981 (6) Å, β = 117.23(2)°, Z = 8, D c = 1.373 g cm -3. Crystals of the third ( III), C 11H 14N 4S 1 are also monoclinic, space group P2 1/ c with a = 12.829(3), b = 8.348(1), c = 11.088(4) Å, β = 94.40(4)°, Z = 4, Dc = 1.314 g cm -3. The structures, determined by direct methods ( I, III) and Patterson synthesis ( II) were refined to R = 0.039 for 1070 reflections of I, R = 0.040 for 2792 reflections of II and R = 0.041 for 1900 reflections of III. The characteristic features of the planar five-membered rings are studied in comparison with the analogous 1,2,3-triazoles and imidazoles. It is shown that these planar rings exhibit only two patterns of the endocyclic bond angles induced dominantly by the number and relative position of the N-lone pairs. A similar effect of the double bonds (attached to C atoms) is also discussed.

  11. Dynamics of the Uranian Rings

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Dermott, S. F.

    1984-01-01

    Some of the problems of the shepherding satellite model of Goldreich ant tremaine are discussed. The following topics are studied: (1) optical depths of the all the observed narrow rings; (2) satellite and ring separation timescales; (3) ring edge sharpness; (4) shock formation in narrow rings; (5) the existence of small satellites near the Uranian rings; and (6) the apse and node alignments of the eccentric and inclined rings.

  12. Heavy ion storage rings

    SciTech Connect

    Schuch, R.

    1987-01-01

    A brief overview of synchrotron storage rings for heavy ions, which are presently under construction in different accelerator laboratories is given. Ions ranging from protons up to uranium ions at MeV/nucleon energies will be injected into these rings using multiturn injection from the accelerators available or being built in these laboratories. After injection, it is planned to cool the phase space distribution of the ions by merging them with cold electron beams or laser beams, or by using stochastic cooling. Some atomic physics experiments planned for these rings are presented.

  13. Alternative parallel ring protocols

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Mukkamala, R.; Foudriat, E. C.; Maly, Kurt J.; Kale, V.

    1990-01-01

    Communication protocols are know to influence the utilization and performance of communication network. The effect of two token ring protocols on a gigabit network with multiple ring structure is investigated. In the first protocol, a mode sends at most one message on receiving a token. In the second protocol, a mode sends all the waiting messages when a token is received. The behavior of these protocols is shown to be highly dependent on the number of rings as well as the load in the network.

  14. Supernumerary small ring chromosome.

    PubMed Central

    Kaffe, S; Kim, H J; Hsu, L Y; Brill, C B; Hirschhorn, K

    1977-01-01

    A supernumerary small ring chromosome was found in 30% of cultured peripheral leucocytes and 50% of skin fibroblasts in a 6-year-old boy with mild mental retardation and midline cleft palate. The extra chromosome appeared to carry a densely staining region on Giemsa banding. The banding patterns of the remaining 46 chromosomes were normal. C banding indicated that the ring chromosome contained mainly centromeric constitutive heterochromatin. Chromosome analysis of both parents showed normal karyotypes by both conventional and banding techniques; thus the origin of the ring chromosome could not be determined. Images PMID:604496

  15. Theodolite Ring Lights

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Clark, David

    2006-01-01

    Theodolite ring lights have been invented to ease a difficulty encountered in the well-established optical-metrology practice of using highly reflective spherical tooling balls as position references. A theodolite ring light produces a more easily visible reflection and eliminates the need for an autocollimating device. A theodolite ring light is a very bright light source that is well centered on the optical axis of the instrument. It can be fabricated, easily and inexpensively, for use on a theodolite or telescope of any diameter.

  16. Heterocyclic replacements for benzene: Maximising ADME benefits by considering individual ring isomers.

    PubMed

    Ritchie, Timothy J; Macdonald, Simon J F

    2016-11-29

    The impact of replacing a mono-substituted benzene (phenyl) ring with thirty three aromatic and nine aliphatic heterocycles on nine ADME-related screens (solubility, lipophilicity, permeability, protein binding CYP450 inhibition and metabolic clearance) was assessed using matched molecular pair analysis. The results indicate that the influence on the ADME profile can differ significantly depending on the ring identity and importantly on the individual regioisomers that are possible for some rings. This information enables the medicinal chemist to make an informed choice about which rings and regioisomers to employ as mono-substituted benzene replacements, based upon the knowledge of how such replacements are likely to influence ADME-related parameters, for example to target higher solubility whilst avoiding CYP450 liabilities.

  17. 2-r-(4-Chloro­phen­yl)-6-c-phenyl-3,4,5,6-tetra­hydro-2H-thio­pyran-4-one 1-oxide

    PubMed Central

    Thiruvalluvar, A.; Balamurugan, S.; Butcher, R. J.; Pandiarajan, K.; Devanathan, D.

    2008-01-01

    The thio­pyran unit of the title mol­ecule, C17H15ClO2S, is in chair form. A crystallographic mirror plane bis­ects the mol­ecule, passing through the O=S and the opposite C=O atoms of the central ring, with statistical disorder of the Cl atom. The geometry around the S atom is tetra­hedral and the carbonyl C is planar. The 4-chloro­phenyl group at the 2 position and the phenyl ring at the 6 position have equatorial orientations. Inter­molecular C—H⋯O and C—H⋯Cl hydrogen bonds are found in the crystal structure. In addition, there is a short O⋯C inter­molecular contact [2.970 (5) Å]. PMID:21581339

  18. Adjacent-level arthroplasty following cervical fusion.

    PubMed

    Rajakumar, Deshpande V; Hari, Akshay; Krishna, Murali; Konar, Subhas; Sharma, Ankit

    2017-02-01

    OBJECTIVE Adjacent-level disc degeneration following cervical fusion has been well reported. This condition poses a major treatment dilemma when it becomes symptomatic. The potential application of cervical arthroplasty to preserve motion in the affected segment is not well documented, with few studies in the literature. The authors present their initial experience of analyzing clinical and radiological results in such patients who were treated with arthroplasty for new or persistent arm and/or neck symptoms related to neural compression due to adjacent-segment disease after anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF). METHODS During a 5-year period, 11 patients who had undergone ACDF anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) and subsequently developed recurrent neck or arm pain related to adjacent-level cervical disc disease were treated with cervical arthroplasty at the authors' institution. A total of 15 devices were implanted (range of treated levels per patient: 1-3). Clinical evaluation was performed both before and after surgery, using a visual analog scale (VAS) for pain and the Neck Disability Index (NDI). Radiological outcomes were analyzed using pre- and postoperative flexion/extension lateral radiographs measuring Cobb angle (overall C2-7 sagittal alignment), functional spinal unit (FSU) angle, and range of motion (ROM). RESULTS There were no major perioperative complications or device-related failures. Statistically significant results, obtained in all cases, were reflected by an improvement in VAS scores for neck/arm pain and NDI scores for neck pain. Radiologically, statistically significant increases in the overall lordosis (as measured by Cobb angle) and ROM at the treated disc level were observed. Three patients were lost to follow-up within the first year after arthroplasty. In the remaining 8 cases, the duration of follow-up ranged from 1 to 3 years. None of these 8 patients required surgery for the same vertebral level during the follow

  19. Saturn's dynamic D ring

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Hedman, M.M.; Burns, J.A.; Showalter, M.R.; Porco, C.C.; Nicholson, P.D.; Bosh, A.S.; Tiscareno, M.S.; Brown, R.H.; Buratti, B.J.; Baines, K.H.; Clark, R.

    2007-01-01

    The Cassini spacecraft has provided the first clear images of the D ring since the Voyager missions. These observations show that the structure of the D ring has undergone significant changes over the last 25 years. The brightest of the three ringlets seen in the Voyager images (named D72), has transformed from a narrow, <40-km wide ringlet to a much broader and more diffuse 250-km wide feature. In addition, its center of light has shifted inwards by over 200 km relative to other features in the D ring. Cassini also finds that the locations of other narrow features in the D ring and the structure of the diffuse material in the D ring differ from those measured by Voyager. Furthermore, Cassini has detected additional ringlets and structures in the D ring that were not observed by Voyager. These include a sheet of material just interior to the inner edge of the C ring that is only observable at phase angles below about 60??. New photometric and spectroscopic data from the ISS (Imaging Science Subsystem) and VIMS (Visual and Infrared Mapping Spectrometer) instruments onboard Cassini show the D ring contains a variety of different particle populations with typical particle sizes ranging from 1 to 100 microns. High-resolution images reveal fine-scale structures in the D ring that appear to be variable in time and/or longitude. Particularly interesting is a remarkably regular, periodic structure with a wavelength of ??? 30 ?? km extending between orbital radii of 73,200 and 74,000 km. A similar structure was previously observed in 1995 during the occultation of the star GSC5249-01240, at which time it had a wavelength of ??? 60 ?? km. We interpret this structure as a periodic vertical corrugation in the D ring produced by differential nodal regression of an initially inclined ring. We speculate that this structure may have formed in response to an impact with a comet or meteoroid in early 1984. ?? 2006 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  20. Crystal structure of (2R*,3aR*)-2-phenyl­sulfonyl-2,3,3a,4,5,6-hexa­hydro­pyrrolo­[1,2-b]isoxazole

    PubMed Central

    Hernández, Yaiza; Marcos, Isidro; Garrido, Narciso M.; Sanz, Francisca; Diez, David

    2017-01-01

    The title compound, C12H15NO3S, was prepared by 1,3-dipolar cyclo­addition of 3,4-di­hydro-2H-pyrrole 1-oxide and phenyl vinyl sulfone. In the mol­ecule, both fused five-membered rings display a twisted conformation. In the crystal, C—H⋯O hydrogen bonds link neighbouring mol­ecules, forming chains running parallel to the b axis. PMID:28083143

  1. Crystal structure of (2R*,3aR*)-2-phenyl-sulfonyl-2,3,3a,4,5,6-hexa-hydro-pyrrolo-[1,2-b]isoxazole.

    PubMed

    Hernández, Yaiza; Marcos, Isidro; Garrido, Narciso M; Sanz, Francisca; Diez, David

    2017-01-01

    The title compound, C12H15NO3S, was prepared by 1,3-dipolar cyclo-addition of 3,4-di-hydro-2H-pyrrole 1-oxide and phenyl vinyl sulfone. In the mol-ecule, both fused five-membered rings display a twisted conformation. In the crystal, C-H⋯O hydrogen bonds link neighbouring mol-ecules, forming chains running parallel to the b axis.

  2. Ultrasonic Newton's rings

    SciTech Connect

    Hsu, D.K. ); Dayal, V. )

    1992-03-09

    Interference fringes due to bondline thickness variation were observed in ultrasonic scans of the reflected echo amplitude from the bondline of adhesively joined aluminum skins. To demonstrate that full-field interference patterns are observable in point-by-point ultrasonic scans, an optical setup for Newton's rings was scanned ultrasonically in a water immersion tank. The ultrasonic scan showed distinct Newton's rings whose radii were in excellent agreement with the prediction.

  3. Bending the Rings

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2005-01-01

    Saturn's rings appear strangely warped in this view of the rings seen through the upper Saturn atmosphere.

    The atmosphere acts like a lens in refracting (bending) the light reflected from the rings. As the rings pass behind the overexposed limb (edge) of Saturn as seen from Cassini, the ring structure appears to curve downward due to the bending of the light as it passes through the upper atmosphere.

    This image was obtained using a near-infrared filter. The filter samples a wavelength where methane gas does not absorb light, thus making the far-off rings visible through the upper atmosphere.

    By comparing this image to similar ones taken using filters where methane gas does absorb, scientists can estimate the vertical profile of haze and the abundance of methane in Saturn's high atmosphere.

    The image was taken in visible light with the Cassini spacecraft narrow-angle camera on April 14, 2005, through a filter sensitive to wavelengths of infrared light centered at 938 nanometers and at a distance of approximately 197,000 kilometers (123,000 miles) from Saturn. The image scale is 820 meters (2,680 feet) per pixel.

  4. Propellers in Saturn's rings

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sremcevic, M.; Stewart, G. R.; Albers, N.; Esposito, L. W.

    2014-04-01

    Theoretical studies and simulations have demonstrated the effects caused by objects embedded in planetary rings [5, 8]. Even if the objects are too small to be directly observed, each creates a much larger gravitational imprint on the surrounding ring material. These strongly depend on the mass of the object and range from "S" like propeller-shaped structures for about 100m-sized icy bodies to the opening of circumferential gaps as in the case of the embedded moons Pan and Daphnis and their corresponding Encke and Keeler Gaps. Since the beginning of the Cassini mission many of these smaller objects (~ 100m in size) have been identified in Saturn's A ring through their propeller signature in the images [10, 7, 9, 11]. Furthermore, recent Cassini observations indicate the possible existence of objects embedded even in Saturn's B and C ring [6, 2]. In this paper we present our new results about by now classical A ring propellers and more enigmatic B ring population. Due to the presence of self-gravity wakes the analysis of propeller brightness in ISS images always bears some ambiguity [7, 9] and consequently the exact morphology of propellers is not a settled issue. In 2008 we obtained a fortunate Cassini Ultraviolet Imaging Spectrograph (UVIS) occultation of the largest A ring propeller Bleriot. Utilizing Cassini ISS images we obtain Bleriot orbit and demonstrate that UVIS Persei Rev42 occultation did cut across Bleriot about 100km downstream from the center. The occultation itself shows a prominent partial gap and higher density outer flanking wakes, while their orientation is consistent with a downstream cut. While in the UVIS occultation the partial gap is more prominent than the flanking wakes, the features mostly seen in Bleriot images are actually flanking wakes. One of the most interesting aspects of the A ring propellers are their wanderings, or longitudinal deviations from a pure circular orbit [11]. We numerically investigated the possibility of simple moon

  5. (5R)-3-(2-Chloro­acet­yl)-4-methyl-5-phenyl-1,3,4-oxadiazinan-2-one

    PubMed Central

    Caracelli, Ignez; Coelho, Daniel C. S.; Olivato, Paulo R.; Rodrigues, Alessandro; Tiekink, Edward R. T.

    2011-01-01

    The 1,3,4-oxadiazinan-2-one ring in the title compound, C12H13ClN2O3, is in a distorted half-chair conformation. The phenyl and chloro­acetyl groups occupy axial and equatorial positions, respectively, and lie to the opposite side of the mol­ecule to the N-bound methyl substituent. Mol­ecules are consolidated in the crystal structure by C—H⋯O inter­actions. PMID:21836983

  6. Photo- and thermochromic spirans. 16. * 2-oxo-3-phenyl-5,5-dimethylspiro(1,3-oxazolidine-4,2'-(2H) chromenes)

    SciTech Connect

    Luk'yanov, B.S.; Chernysh, Y.E.; Minkin, V.I.; Nivorozhkin, L.E.

    1986-02-01

    New spirans of the 5,5-dimethyl-3-phenyl-2-oxazolidone series that display photochromic properties in alcohol solutions at about-80/sup 0/C were synthesized. The photoinduced forms are characterized by the presence of two long-wave absorption bands at 350-420 nm and 500-650 nm. The /sup 1/H and /sup 13/C NMR spectra were studied. Anisochronicity of the diastereotopic methyl groups of the oxazolidone ring shows up respectively. only in the /sup 13/C NMR spectra.

  7. 7-Phenyl­sulfonyl-2,3-dihydro-7H-1,4-benzodioxino[6,7-b]carbazole

    PubMed Central

    Kanchanadevi, J.; Dhayalan, V.; Mohanakrishnan, A. K.; Anbalagan, G.; Chakkaravarthi, G.; Manivannan, V.

    2010-01-01

    In the title compound, C24H17NO4S, the phenyl ring makes a dihedral angle of 88.12 (5)° with the carbazole unit. The mol­ecular structure is stabilized by weak intra­molecular C—H⋯O inter­actions and the crystal packing exhibits weak inter­molecular C—H⋯O and C—H⋯π inter­actions. Two C atoms of the 2,3-dihydro-1,4-dioxine fragment are disordered over two positions with site-occupancy factors of 0.718 (11) and 0.282 (11). PMID:21589548

  8. P-[N-(Diphenyl­phospho­rothio­yl)iso­propyl­amino]-N-isopropyl-P-phenyl­thio­phosphinic amide

    PubMed Central

    Peulecke, Normen; Aluri, Bhaskar R.; Wöhl, Anina; Spannenberg, Anke; Al-Hazmi, Mohammed H.

    2009-01-01

    The title compound, C24H30N2P2S2, was obtained by the reaction of Ph2PN(iPr)P(Ph)N(iPr)H with elemental sulfur in tetra­hydro­furan. In the solid state, intra­molecular N—H⋯S hydrogen bonding influences the mol­ecular conformation; a P—N—P—N torsion angle of 2.28 (9)° is observed. The two phenyl rings attached to one P atom form a dihedral angle of 74.02 (4)°. PMID:21583899

  9. Crystal structure of (4R,5S)-4-methyl-3-methyl­sulfinyl-5-phenyl-1,3-oxazolidin-2-one

    PubMed Central

    Silveira, Gustavo Pozza; da Silva, Vinicius Flores; Oliver, Allen G.

    2014-01-01

    The absolute structure of the chiral asymmetric indole precursor title compound, C11H13NO3S, was confirmed by refinement of the Flack and Hooft parameters and is that expected based on the starting materials for the synthesis. The phenyl group subtends a dihedral angle of 56.40 (5)° with the mean plane of the oxazolidinone ring, which adopts an envelope conformation, with the C atom bearing the methyl group as the flap. In the crystal, no significant directional inter­actions beyond van der Waals contacts are observed. PMID:25553031

  10. Mechanistic studies on regioselective dephosphorylation of phosphate prodrugs during a facile synthesis of antitumor phosphorylated 2-phenyl-6,7-methylenedioxy-1H-quinolin-4-one.

    PubMed

    Cheng, Yung-Yi; Liu, Chin-Yu; Huang, Li-Jiau; Huang, Chi-Hung; Lee, Kuo-Hsiung; Lin, Cheng-Tung; Kuo, Sheng-Chu

    2013-07-08

    Phosphorylation of 2-(3-hydroxy-5-methoxyphenyl)-6,7-methylenedioxy-1H-quinolin-4-one (1) afforded diphosphate 2. We found that, upon treatment with methanol under mild conditions, 2 can undergo facile and highly regioselective dephosphorylation to give the monophosphate 3, with a phosphate group remaining on the phenyl ring. The details of the dephosphorylation process were postulated and then probed by LC-MS and HPLC analyses. Furthermore, as a preliminary study, the water soluble monophosphate prodrug 4 was tested for antitumor activity against a MCF-7 xenograft nude mice model.

  11. Silver acetate catalyzed hydroamination of 1-(2-(sulfonylamino)phenyl)prop-2-yn-1-ols to (Z)-2-methylene-1-sulfonylindolin-3-ols.

    PubMed

    Susanti, Dewi; Koh, Fujiet; Kusuma, Jeffrey Antonius; Kothandaraman, Prasath; Chan, Philip Wai Hong

    2012-09-07

    A method to prepare (Z)-2-methylene-1-sulfonylindolin-3-ols efficiently that relies on silver acetate catalyzed hydroamination of 1-(2-(sulfonylamino)phenyl)prop-2-yn-1-ols is reported. The reactions proceed rapidly at room temperature with catalyst loadings as low as 1 mol % under conditions that did not require the exclusion of air or moisture. The utility of this N-heterocyclic ring-forming strategy as a synthetic tool that makes use of unsaturated alcohols was exemplified by the conversion of the (Z)-2-methylene-1-sulfonylindolin-3-ol to examples of other members of the indole family of compounds.

  12. Surfactant composition containing alkylated biphenylyl phenyl ether sulfonates

    SciTech Connect

    Hinkamp, P. E.

    1984-09-04

    The title compounds are of the formula (R)Y, (((R)X,(M(+)(-)O35-)A-Phenyl)-), (((R)Z, (M (+)(-)O35-)C-Phenyl)-O-)Benzene R is an alkyl radical of at least 6 carbon atoms and each R can be the same or different; M(+) is hydrogen, alkali metal ion, alkaline earth metal ion or ammonium ion radical and each M(+) can be the same or different; a, b and c are individually integers of 0 or 1 with the proviso that the ..sigma..(a+b+c) is equal to 2 or 3; and x, y and z are individually integers of 0-2 with the proviso that ..sigma..(x+y+z)greater than or equal to1. These compounds demonstrate good tolerance to multivalent cations, such as the cations of calcium and magnesium, good resistance to hydrolysis and are useful surfactants in enhanced oil recovery processes.

  13. Experimental and theoretical study of 2,5-diaryloxazoles whose aryl are para-substituted phenyl groups

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ionescu, Sorana; Popovici, Daniela; Balaban, Alexandru T.; Hillebrand, Mihaela

    2005-11-01

    Absorption and emission properties of some phenoxy derivatives of diphenyloxazole (PPO) are presented and discussed. The photophysical properties reflect a dependence on the substituted 2 or 5 position of the oxazole ring. The experimental data were correlated with molecular parameters such as molecular flexibility, electronic structure and the singlet-triplet gap. The substitution with heteroatomic-bridged phenyls maintains the same frontier orbitals ( m, m + 1) as in the parent compound, but introduces a new molecular orbital, m - 1, located on the terminal phenyl. The presence of the so-called band B in the absorption spectra of some diaryloxazoles was attributed to the m - 1 → m + 1 transition participating to the second excited state wave function. The other main component of this state, the m → m + 2 transition, was found to have a forbidden character, explaining the lack or the low intensity of band B. The decrease of the fluorescence quantum yield subsequent to substitution of PPO with phenoxy fragments was found to be due to the enhanced molecular flexibility comparing to PPO. The differences between the 2- or 5-substituted derivatives were rationalized in terms of a smaller S 1-T 2 gap for the former, thus increasing the rate of the overall nonradiative intersystem crossing processes.

  14. Synthesis and Modification of Carboxylated Polyphenylenes and Phenylated Polyimides

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1976-03-01

    Aromatic ionomers , Polypyridine, Phenylated polyimides. Acetylene-terminated polyphenylenes, >Thermally-stable polymers. 20. AB8Jj«ACT (Continue on...barium salts to afford a series of aromatic ionomers ^ All but one of the potassium ionomers are soluble in dimethylsulfoxide andrcan be cast into...thin films that tough, flexible, water white, and transparent.Uiie magnesium and barium ionomers are insoluble in common organic solvents)>rhermo

  15. Oxygen Substituent Effects in the Pyrolysis of Phenethyl Phenyl Ethers

    SciTech Connect

    Britt, Phillip F; Kidder, Michelle; Buchanan III, A C

    2007-01-01

    The dominant structural linkage in the abundant renewable energy resource, lignin, is the arylglycerol-{beta}-aryl ether commonly referred to as the {beta}-O-4 linkage. The simplest representation of this linkage, unadorned by substituents, is phenethyl phenyl ether (PhCH{sub 2}CH{sub 2}OPh; PPE). Our prior detailed kinetic studies of the pyrolysis of PPE at 330-425 C showed that a free-radical chain mechanism is involved that cycles through radicals formed at both the {alpha}- and {beta}-carbons. The previously unrecognized competing path involving rearrangement of the {beta}-carbon radical by an O,C-phenyl shift accounts for ca. 25% of the products. In this paper, we explore the effect of aromatic hydroxy and methoxy substituents on both the rate and product selectivity for the pyrolysis of these more complex lignin model compounds. The pyrolysis reactions are conducted in biphenyl solvent at 345 C and low conversions to minimize secondary reactions. The pyrolysis rates were found to vary substantially as a function of the substitution pattern. The rearrangement path involving the {beta}-carbon radical and O,C-phenyl shift was found to remain important in all the molecules investigated, and the selectivity for this path also showed a dependence on the substitution pattern.

  16. Separation optimization for the recovery of phenyl ethyl alcohol.

    PubMed

    Priddy, S A; Hanley, T R; Effler, W T

    1999-01-01

    Phenyl ethyl alcohol is a compound that occurs naturally in flower petals and in many common beverages, such as beer. Desire for the floral, rose-like notes imparted by phenyl ethyl alcohol has created a unique niche for this chemical in flavor and fragrance industries. Phenyl ethyl alcohol can be produced by Saccharomyces cerevisiae via bioconversion. Often this method of production results in extremely low yields, thus placing a great deal of importance on recovery and purification of the valuable metabolite. To determine the best method for recovering the chemical, a primary recovery step and a secondary recovery step were developed. The primary recovery step consisted of comparing dead-end filtration with crossflow ultrafiltration. Crossflow ultrafiltration was ultimately selected to filter the fermentation broth because of its high flow rates and low affinity for the product. The secondary recovery step consisted of a comparison of liquid- liquid extraction and hydrophobic resin recovery. The hydrophobic resin was selected because of its higher rate of recovery and a higher purity than the liquid-liquid extraction, the current practice of Brown-Forman.

  17. Risk factors and management for pyloric stenosis occurred after endoscopic submucosal dissection adjacent to pylorus

    PubMed Central

    Lee, Jae Un; Park, Moon Sik; Yun, So Hee; Yang, Min A.; Han, Shang Hoon; Lee, Young Jae; Jung, Gum Mo; Kim, Ji Woong; Cho, Yong Keun; Cho, Jin Woong

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) has been widely accepted as a curative treatment for gastric neoplasm. Pyloric stenosis is a chronic complication that can be caused by ESD. The aim of this study is to clarify the risk factors and management for pyloric stenosis. From January 2004 to January 2014, a total of 126 patients who underwent ESD adjacent to pylorus were reviewed retrospectively. Pyloric mucosal defect was defined as when any resection margin of ESD was involved in the pyloric ring. Pyloric stenosis was defined as when a conventional endoscope could not be passed to the duodenum. Among the 126 patients, pyloric stenosis was identified in 9. In a univariate analysis, pyloric stenosis was more common in older patients (P < 0.05) and in lesions with resections over 75% of the pyloric ring circumference (P < 0.001). In a multivariate analysis, the factor that was associated with pyloric stenosis was the extent of the pyloric ring dissection (P < 0.001). Four of the 9 patients with pyloric stenosis had mild dyspepsia, and the others had gastric outlet obstruction symptoms. The 5 symptomatic patients underwent endoscopic balloon dilation (EBD), and the frequency of EBD was 1 to 8 times. The asymptomatic patients were treated conservatively. The incidence of pyloric stenosis was higher in lesions with resections over 75% of the pyloric ring circumference. Although EBD was an effective treatment for pyloric stenosis, conservative management was also helpful in patients who had mild symptoms. PMID:27977608

  18. 30 CFR 56.9103 - Clearance on adjacent tracks.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Clearance on adjacent tracks. 56.9103 Section..., Hauling, and Dumping Traffic Safety § 56.9103 Clearance on adjacent tracks. Railcars shall not be left on side tracks unless clearance is provided for traffic on adjacent tracks....

  19. 30 CFR 57.9103 - Clearance on adjacent tracks.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Clearance on adjacent tracks. 57.9103 Section..., Hauling, and Dumping Traffic Safety § 57.9103 Clearance on adjacent tracks. Railcars shall not be left on side tracks unless clearance is provided for traffic on adjacent tracks....

  20. 49 CFR 236.404 - Signals at adjacent control points.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ..., INSPECTION, MAINTENANCE, AND REPAIR OF SIGNAL AND TRAIN CONTROL SYSTEMS, DEVICES, AND APPLIANCES Traffic Control Systems Standards § 236.404 Signals at adjacent control points. Signals at adjacent controlled... 49 Transportation 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Signals at adjacent control points....

  1. 49 CFR 236.404 - Signals at adjacent control points.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ..., INSPECTION, MAINTENANCE, AND REPAIR OF SIGNAL AND TRAIN CONTROL SYSTEMS, DEVICES, AND APPLIANCES Traffic Control Systems Standards § 236.404 Signals at adjacent control points. Signals at adjacent controlled... 49 Transportation 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Signals at adjacent control points....

  2. 33 CFR 80.1395 - Puget Sound and adjacent waters.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Puget Sound and adjacent waters... INTERNATIONAL NAVIGATION RULES COLREGS DEMARCATION LINES Thirteenth District § 80.1395 Puget Sound and adjacent waters. The 72 COLREGS shall apply on all waters of Puget Sound and adjacent waters, including Lake...

  3. 33 CFR 80.1395 - Puget Sound and adjacent waters.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Puget Sound and adjacent waters... INTERNATIONAL NAVIGATION RULES COLREGS DEMARCATION LINES Thirteenth District § 80.1395 Puget Sound and adjacent waters. The 72 COLREGS shall apply on all waters of Puget Sound and adjacent waters, including Lake...

  4. 33 CFR 80.1395 - Puget Sound and adjacent waters.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Puget Sound and adjacent waters... INTERNATIONAL NAVIGATION RULES COLREGS DEMARCATION LINES Thirteenth District § 80.1395 Puget Sound and adjacent waters. The 72 COLREGS shall apply on all waters of Puget Sound and adjacent waters, including Lake...

  5. 33 CFR 80.1395 - Puget Sound and adjacent waters.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Puget Sound and adjacent waters... INTERNATIONAL NAVIGATION RULES COLREGS DEMARCATION LINES Thirteenth District § 80.1395 Puget Sound and adjacent waters. The 72 COLREGS shall apply on all waters of Puget Sound and adjacent waters, including Lake...

  6. 33 CFR 80.1395 - Puget Sound and adjacent waters.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Puget Sound and adjacent waters... INTERNATIONAL NAVIGATION RULES COLREGS DEMARCATION LINES Thirteenth District § 80.1395 Puget Sound and adjacent waters. The 72 COLREGS shall apply on all waters of Puget Sound and adjacent waters, including Lake...

  7. Crystal structure of 13-phenyl-2,3,4,13-tetra­hydro-1H-indazolo[1,2-b]phthalazine-1,6,11-trione

    PubMed Central

    Lamera, Esma; Benzerka, Saida; Bouraiou, Abdelmalek; Bouacida, Sofiane; Merazig, Hocine; Chibani, Aissa; Le Borgne, Marc; Bouaziz, Zouhair

    2015-01-01

    The title compound, C21H16N2O3, consists of an indazolone moiety, bearing a phenyl group, fused to a phthalazine ring system (r.m.s. deviation = 0.018 Å). The phenyl ring is almost normal to the mean plane of the five-membered ring of the indazolone moiety, making a dihedral angle of 89.64 (7)°. The six-membered ring of the indazolone moiety has an envelope conformation, with the central methyl­ene C atom as the flap. In the crystal, mol­ecules are linked via C—H⋯O hydrogen bonds, forming slabs parallel to the bc plane. The slabs are linked via C—H⋯π and π–π inter­actions [the shortest inter-centroid distance involving rings of pyrazolo­phthalazine moieties is 3.6430 (8) Å], forming a three-dimensional structure. PMID:26870485

  8. Seismicity in Azerbaijan and Adjacent Caspian Sea

    SciTech Connect

    Panahi, Behrouz M.

    2006-03-23

    So far no general view on the geodynamic evolution of the Black Sea to the Caspian Sea region is elaborated. This is associated with the geological and structural complexities of the region revealed by geophysical, geochemical, petrologic, structural, and other studies. A clash of opinions on geodynamic conditions of the Caucasus region, sometimes mutually exclusive, can be explained by a simplified interpretation of the seismic data. In this paper I analyze available data on earthquake occurrences in Azerbaijan and the adjacent Caspian Sea region. The results of the analysis of macroseismic and instrumental data, seismic regime, and earthquake reoccurrence indicate that a level of seismicity in the region is moderate, and seismic event are concentrated in the shallow part of the lithosphere. Seismicity is mostly intra-plate, and spatial distribution of earthquake epicenters does not correlate with the plate boundaries.

  9. Ring correlations in random networks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sadjadi, Mahdi; Thorpe, M. F.

    2016-12-01

    We examine the correlations between rings in random network glasses in two dimensions as a function of their separation. Initially, we use the topological separation (measured by the number of intervening rings), but this leads to pseudo-long-range correlations due to a lack of topological charge neutrality in the shells surrounding a central ring. This effect is associated with the noncircular nature of the shells. It is, therefore, necessary to use the geometrical distance between ring centers. Hence we find a generalization of the Aboav-Weaire law out to larger distances, with the correlations between rings decaying away when two rings are more than about three rings apart.

  10. 40 CFR 721.10349 - 1,4-Benzenediamine, N′-(alkyl)-N-[4-[(alkyl)amino]phenyl]-N-phenyl- (generic).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 32 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false 1,4-Benzenediamine, Nâ²-(alkyl)-N- phenyl]-N-phenyl- (generic). 721.10349 Section 721.10349 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL... Significant New Uses for Specific Chemical Substances § 721.10349 1,4-Benzenediamine, N′-(alkyl)-N-...

  11. 40 CFR 721.10349 - 1,4-Benzenediamine, N′-(alkyl)-N-[4-[(alkyl)amino]phenyl]-N-phenyl- (generic).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 32 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false 1,4-Benzenediamine, Nâ²-(alkyl)-N- phenyl]-N-phenyl- (generic). 721.10349 Section 721.10349 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL... Significant New Uses for Specific Chemical Substances § 721.10349 1,4-Benzenediamine, N′-(alkyl)-N-...

  12. 40 CFR 721.10349 - 1,4-Benzenediamine, N′-(alkyl)-N-[4-[(alkyl)amino]phenyl]-N-phenyl- (generic).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 31 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false 1,4-Benzenediamine, Nâ²-(alkyl)-N- phenyl]-N-phenyl- (generic). 721.10349 Section 721.10349 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL... Significant New Uses for Specific Chemical Substances § 721.10349 1,4-Benzenediamine, N′-(alkyl)-N-...

  13. DC-Powered Jumping Ring

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jeffery, Rondo N.; Amiri, Farhang

    2016-02-01

    The classroom jumping ring demonstration is nearly always performed using alternating current (AC), in which the ring jumps or flies off the extended iron core when the switch is closed. The ring jumps higher when cooled with liquid nitrogen (LN2). We have performed experiments using DC to power the solenoid and find similarities and significant differences from the AC case. In particular, the ring does not fly off the core but rises a short distance and then falls back. If the ring jumps high enough, the rising and the falling motion of the ring does not follow simple vertical motion of a projectile. This indicates that there are additional forces on the ring in each part of its motion. Four possible stages of the motion of the ring with DC are identified, which result from the ring current changing directions during the jump in response to a changing magnetic flux through the moving ring.

  14. Ring-Opening 1,3-Halochalcogenation of Cyclopropane Dicarboxylates

    PubMed Central

    2016-01-01

    Donor–acceptor cyclopropanes with two geminal carboxylic esters are reacted with chalcogenyl chlorides and bromides to afford ring-opened products bearing the halogen atoms in the 1-position, adjacent to the donor, and the chalcogenyl residue in the 3-position next to the two acceptor groups. A variety of different donors (e.g., aryl, N, and O) are used. The stereospecificity of the reaction is demonstrated by using a chiral starting material. PMID:27966993

  15. Propellers in Saturn's rings

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sremcevic, M.; Stewart, G. R.; Albers, N.; Esposito, L. W.

    2013-12-01

    Theoretical studies and simulations have demonstrated the effects caused by objects embedded in planetary rings. Even if the objects are too small to be directly observed, each creates a much larger gravitational imprint on the surrounding ring material. These strongly depend on the mass of the object and range from "S" like propeller-shaped structures for about 100m-sized icy bodies to the opening of circumferential gaps as in the case of the embedded moons Pan and Daphnis and their corresponding Encke and Keeler Gaps. Since the beginning of the Cassini mission many of these smaller objects (~<500m in size) have been indirectly identified in Saturn's A ring through their propeller signature in the images. Furthermore, recent Cassini observations indicate the possible existence of objects embedded even in Saturn's B and C ring. In this paper we present evidence for the existence of propellers in Saturn's B ring by combining data from Cassini Ultraviolet Imaging Spectrograph (UVIS) and Imaging Science Subsystem (ISS) experiments. We show evidence that B ring seems to harbor two distinct populations of propellers: "big" propellers covering tens of degrees in azimuth situated in the densest part of B ring, and "small" propellers in less dense inner B ring that are similar in size and shape to known A ring propellers. The population of "big" propellers is exemplified with a single object which is observed for 5 years of Cassini data. The object is seen as a very elongated bright stripe (40 degrees wide) in unlit Cassini images, and dark stripe in lit geometries. In total we report observing the feature in images at 18 different epochs between 2005 and 2010. In UVIS occultations we observe this feature as an optical depth depletion in 14 out of 93 occultation cuts at corrotating longitudes compatible with imaging data. Combining the available Cassini data we infer that the object is a partial gap located at r=112,921km embedded in the high optical depth region of the B

  16. Methyl 1-phenyl-3-p-tolyl-1,9b-di­hydro-3H-chromeno[4,3-c]isoxazole-3a(4H)-carboxyl­ate

    PubMed Central

    Raghuvarman, B.; Srinivasan, J.; Bakthadoss, M.; Aravindhan, S.

    2014-01-01

    In the title compound, C25H23NO4, the pyran ring of the chroman moiety has an envelope conformation with the methyl­ene C atom as the flap. The isoxazole ring has a twist conformation on the O—C bond. The dihedral angle between their mean planes is 57.87 (9)°. The attached phenyl and benzene rings are twisted away from its mean plane by 56.19 (10) and 50.57 (10)°, respectively. These two rings are normal to each other, subtending a dihedral angle of 89.2 (1)°. In the crystal, there are no classical hydrogen bonds; the mol­ecules are linked via C—H⋯π inter­actions, forming a two-dimensional network lying parallel to (10-1). PMID:24764992

  17. N-(4-Acetyl-3-methyl-1-phenyl-1H-pyrazol-5-yl)-N-methyl-2-(2-methyl-4-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinazolin-3-yl)benzamide

    PubMed Central

    Meneghetti, Fiorella; Maggio, Benedetta

    2013-01-01

    In the title compound, C29H25N5O3, the dihedral angle between the benzene ring and the pendant quinazoline ring system (r.m.s. deviation = 0.036Å) is 87.60 (17)°. The equivalent angle between the pyrazole ring and the phenyl group is 70.0 (2)°. The dihedral angle between the benzene and pyrazole rings is 30.7 (2)° and overall, the mol­ecular conformation approximates to a Z shape. A short intra­molecular C—H⋯O contact occurs. In the crystal, the mol­ecules are linked by Cπ—H⋯O-type hydrogen bonds and aromatic π–π stacking inter­actions [centroid–centroid distance = 3.860 (3) Å], generating a three-dimensional network. PMID:24098258

  18. N-(4-Acetyl-3-methyl-1-phenyl-1H-pyrazol-5-yl)-N-methyl-2-(2-methyl-4-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinazolin-3-yl)benzamide.

    PubMed

    Meneghetti, Fiorella; Maggio, Benedetta

    2013-01-01

    In the title compound, C29H25N5O3, the dihedral angle between the benzene ring and the pendant quinazoline ring system (r.m.s. deviation = 0.036Å) is 87.60 (17)°. The equivalent angle between the pyrazole ring and the phenyl group is 70.0 (2)°. The dihedral angle between the benzene and pyrazole rings is 30.7 (2)° and overall, the mol-ecular conformation approximates to a Z shape. A short intra-molecular C-H⋯O contact occurs. In the crystal, the mol-ecules are linked by Cπ-H⋯O-type hydrogen bonds and aromatic π-π stacking inter-actions [centroid-centroid distance = 3.860 (3) Å], generating a three-dimensional network.

  19. Piston Ring Pressure Distribution

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kuhn, M.

    1943-01-01

    The discovery and introduction of the internal combustion engine has resulted in a very rapid development in machines utilizing the action of a piston. Design has been limited by the internal components of the engine, which has been subjected to ever increasing thermal and mechanical stresses, Of these internal engine components, the piston and piston rings are of particular importance and the momentary position of engine development is not seldom dependent upon the development of both of the components, The piston ring is a well-known component and has been used in its present shape in the steam engine of the last century, Corresponding to its importance, the piston ring has been a rich field for creative activity and it is noteworthy that in spite of this the ring has maintained its shape through the many years. From the many and complicated designs which have been suggested as a packing between piston and cylinder wall hardly one suggestion has remained which does not resemble the original design of cast iron rectangular ring.

  20. Stacked Corrugated Horn Rings

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Sosnowski, John B.

    2010-01-01

    This Brief describes a method of machining and assembly when the depth of corrugations far exceeds the width and conventional machining is not practical. The horn is divided into easily machined, individual rings with shoulders to control the depth. In this specific instance, each of the corrugations is identical in profile, and only differs in diameter and outer profile. The horn is segmented into rings that are cut with an interference fit (zero clearance with all machining errors biased toward contact). The interference faces can be cut with a reverse taper to increase the holding strength of the joint. The taper is a compromise between the interference fit and the clearance of the two faces during assembly. Each internal ring is dipped in liquid nitrogen, then nested in the previous, larger ring. The ring is rotated in the nest until the temperature of the two parts equalizes and the pieces lock together. The resulting assay is stable, strong, and has an internal finish that cannot be achieved through other methods.

  1. Crystal structures of three indole derivatives: 3-ethnyl-2-methyl-1-phenyl­sulfonyl-1H-indole, 4-phenyl­sulfonyl-3H,4H-cyclo­penta­[b]indol-1(2H)-one and 1-{2-[(E)-2-(5-chloro-2-nitro­phen­yl)ethen­yl]-1-phenyl­sulfonyl-1H-indol-3-yl}ethan-1-one chloro­form monosolvate

    PubMed Central

    Gopinath, S.; Sethusankar, K.; Ramalingam, Bose Muthu; Mohanakrishnan, Arasambattu K.

    2015-01-01

    The title compounds, C17H13NO2S, (I), C17H13NO3S, (II), and C24H17ClN2O5S·CHCl3, (III), are indole derivatives. Compounds (I) and (II) crystalize with two independent mol­ecules in the asymmetric unit. The indole ring systems in all three structures deviate only slightly from planarity, with dihedral angles between the planes of the pyrrole and benzene rings spanning the tight range 0.20 (9)–1.65 (9)°. These indole ring systems, in turn, are almost orthogonal to the phenyl­sulfonyl rings [range of dihedral angles between mean planes = 77.21 (8)–89.26 (8)°]. In the three compounds, the mol­ecular structure is stabilized by intra­molecular C—H⋯O hydrogen bonds, generating S(6) ring motifs with the sulfone O atom. In compounds (I) and (II), the two independent mol­ecules are linked by C—H⋯O hydrogen bonds and C—H⋯π inter­actions, while in compound (III), the mol­ecules are linked by C—H⋯O hydrogen bonds, generating R 2 2(22) inversion dimers. PMID:26396842

  2. Mechanism of aromatic ring cleavage of a. beta. -biphenylyl ether dimer catalyzed by lignin peroxidase of Phanerochaete chrysosporium

    SciTech Connect

    Miki, K.; Kondo, R.; Renganathan, V.; Mayfield, M.B.; Gold, M.H.

    1988-06-28

    Homogeneous lignin peroxidase (LiP) oxidized 1-(4-methoxyphenyl)-2-)2,6-dimethoxy-4-phenylphenoxy)-1,3-propanediol (I) to yield 1-(4-methoxyphenyl)-1,2,3-propanetriol (II), ..cap alpha..-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-2-oxo-1,3-dioxolane-4-methanol (III), 5-(4-methoxyphenyl)-2-oxo-1,3-dioxolane-4-methanol (IV), 4-oxo-3-phenyl-2-butenoic acid methyl ester (V), 5-hydroxy-4-phenyl-2(5H)-furanone (VI), 4-oxo-3-phenyl-2-pentenedioic acid dimethyl ester (VII), and 5-carbomethoxy-5-hydroxy-4-phenyl-2(5H)-furanone (VIII). Products II-VIII are all derived from the opening of the B aromatic ring of the substrate. Oxidation of I in H/sub 2/ /sup 18/O resulted in 87% and 65% incorporation of /sup 18/O into the carbonyl oxygen of III and IV, respectively. Oxidation of I under /sup 18/O/sub 2/ resulted in the incorporation of two atoms of oxygen into the aldehyde (V). Oxidation of I under either /sup 18/O/sub 2/ or H/sub 2//sup 18/O resulted in the incorporation of three atoms of oxygen into the lactol VI. Finally, oxidation of I under either /sup 18/O/sub 2/ or H/sub 2//sup 18/O indicated that four atoms of oxygen were incorporated into the lactol VIII. These results are explained by a mechanism involving the one-electron oxidation of the B ring of the substrate to an aryl cation radical by the H/sub 2/O/sub 2/ oxidized enzyme. In these oxidative pathways, only the formation of the aryl cation radical is enzyme-catalyzed. Subsequent reactions appear to be nonenzymatic, accounting for the variety of ring-opened products formed.

  3. Rings in the solar system

    SciTech Connect

    Pollack, J.B.; Cuzzi, J.N.

    1981-11-01

    Saturn, Jupiter, and Uranus have rings with different structure and composition. The rings consist of tiny masses in independent orbits. Photographs and data obtained by the Voyager project have aided in the understanding of Saturn's rings. Spokes have been found in B ring and boards, knots, and twist in F ring. Particles on the order of a micrometer in size are believed to occur in F, B, and A rings. The dominant component is water ice. The rings of Uranus are narrow and separated by broad empty regions. The technique used to study them has been stellar occulation. Nothing is known of particle size. The dominant component is believed to be silicates rich in compounds that absorb sunlight. Jupiter's rings consist of 3 main parts: a bright ring, a diffuse disk, and a halo. Use of Pioneer 10 data and other techniques have indicated particle sizes on the order of several micrometers and some at least a centimeter in diameter. The architecture of the ring system results from the interplay of a number of forces. These include gravitational forces due to moons outside the rings and moonlets embedded in them, electromagnetic forces due to the planet's rotating magnetic field, and even the gentle forces exerted by the dilute gaseous medium in which the rings rotate. Each of these forces is discussed. Several alternative explanations of how the rings arose are considered. The primary difference in these hypotheses is the account of the relationship between the ring particles of today and the primordial ring material. (SC)

  4. Physics of planetary rings

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gorkavyi, N.

    2007-08-01

    It is difficult to enumerate all the surprises presented by the planetary rings. The Saturnian rings are stratified into thousands of ringlets and the Uranian rings are compressed into narrow streams, which for some reason or other differ from circular orbits like the wheel of an old bicycle. The edge of the rings is jagged and the rings themselves are pegged down under the gravitational pressure of the satellites, bending like a ship's wake. There are spiral waves, elliptical rings, strange interlacing of narrow ringlets, and to cap it all one has observed in the Neptunian ring system three dense, bright arcs - like bunches of sausages on a transparent string. For celestial mechanics this is a spectacle as unnatural as a bear's tooth in the necklace of the English queen. In the dynamics of planetary rings the physics of collective interaction was supplemented by taking collisions between particles into account. One was led to study a kinetic equation with a rather complex collision integral - because the collisions are inelastic - which later on made it possible, both by using the Chapman-Enskog method and by using the solution of the kinetic equation for a plasma in a magnetic field, to reduce it to a closed set of (hydrodynamical) moment equations [1]. The hydrodynamical instabilities lead to the growth of short-wavelength waves and large-scale structures of the Saturnian rings [1]. We have shown that the formation of the existing dense Uranian rings is connected with the capture of positively drifting ring particles in inner Lindblad resonances which arrest this drift [1]. After the formation of dense rings at the positions of satellite resonances the collective interaction between resonant particles is amplified and the rings can leave the resonance and drift away from the planet and the parent resonance. We can expect in the C ring an appreciable positive ballistic particle drift caused by the erosion of the B ring by micrometeorites. It is therefore natural

  5. Deployable Fresnel Rings

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kennedy, Timothy F.; Fink, Patrick W.; Chu, Andrew W.; Lin, Gregory Y.

    2014-01-01

    Deployable Fresnel rings (DFRs) significantly enhance the realizable gain of an antenna. This innovation is intended to be used in combination with another antenna element, as the DFR itself acts as a focusing or microwave lens element for a primary antenna. This method is completely passive, and is also completely wireless in that it requires neither a cable, nor a connector from the antenna port of the primary antenna to the DFR. The technology improves upon the previous NASA technology called a Tri-Sector Deployable Array Antenna in at least three critical aspects. In contrast to the previous technology, this innovation requires no connector, cable, or other physical interface to the primary communication radio or sensor device. The achievable improvement in terms of antenna gain is significantly higher than has been achieved with the previous technology. Also, where previous embodiments of the Tri-Sector antenna have been constructed with combinations of conventional (e.g., printed circuit board) and conductive fabric materials, this innovation is realized using only conductive and non-conductive fabric (i.e., "e-textile") materials, with the possible exception of a spring-like deployment ring. Conceptually, a DFR operates by canceling the out-of-phase radiation at a plane by insertion of a conducting ring or rings of a specific size and distance from the source antenna, defined by Fresnel zones. Design of DFRs follow similar procedures to those outlined for conventional Fresnel zone rings. Gain enhancement using a single ring is verified experimentally and through computational simulation. The experimental test setup involves a microstrip patch antenna that is directly behind a single-ring DFR and is radiating towards a second microstrip patch antenna. The first patch antenna and DFR are shown. At 2.42 GHz, the DFR improves the transmit antenna gain by 8.6 dB, as shown in Figure 2, relative to the wireless link without the DFR. A figure illustrates the

  6. Rings dominate western Gulf

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vidal L., Francisco V.; Vidal L., Victor M. V.; Molero, José María Pérez

    Surface and deep circulation of the central and western Gulf of Mexico is controlled by interactions of rings of water pinched from the gulf's Loop Current. The discovery was made by Mexican oceanographers who are preparing a full-color, 8-volume oceanographic atlas of the gulf.Anticyclonic warm-core rings pinch off the Loop Current at a rate of about one to two per year, the scientists of the Grupo de Estudios Oceanográficos of the Instituto de Investigaciones Eléctricas (GEO-IIE) found. The rings migrate west until they collide with the continental shelf break of the western gulf, almost always between 22° and 23°N latitude. On their westward travel they transfer angular momentum and vorticity to the surrounding water, generating cyclonic circulations and vortex pairs that completely dominate the entire surface and deep circulation of the central and western gulf.

  7. The crystal structure of 3-chloro-2-(4-methyl­phenyl)-2H-pyrazolo­[3,4-b]quinoline

    PubMed Central

    Sowmya, Haliwana B. V.; Suresha Kumara, Tholappanavara H.; Jasinski, Jerry P.; Millikan, Sean P.; Yathirajan, Hemmige S.; Glidewell, Christopher

    2015-01-01

    In the mol­ecule of 3-chloro-2-(4-methyl­phen­yl)-2H-pyrazolo­[3,4-b]quinoline, C17H12ClN3, (I), the dihedral angle between the planes of the pyrazole ring and the methyl­ated phenyl ring is 54.25 (9)°. The bond distances in the fused tricyclic system provide evidence for 10-π delocalization in the pyrazolo­pyridine portion of the mol­ecule, with diene character in the fused carbocyclic ring. In the crystal, mol­ecules of (I) are linked by two independent C—H⋯N hydrogen bonds, forming sheets containing centrosymmetric R 2 2(16) and R 6 4(28) rings, and these sheets are all linked together by π–π stacking inter­actions with a ring-centroid separation of 3.5891 (9) Å. PMID:25995882

  8. GUARD RING SEMICONDUCTOR JUNCTION

    DOEpatents

    Goulding, F.S.; Hansen, W.L.

    1963-12-01

    A semiconductor diode having a very low noise characteristic when used under reverse bias is described. Surface leakage currents, which in conventional diodes greatly contribute to noise, are prevented from mixing with the desired signal currents. A p-n junction is formed with a thin layer of heavily doped semiconductor material disposed on a lightly doped, physically thick base material. An annular groove cuts through the thin layer and into the base for a short distance, dividing the thin layer into a peripheral guard ring that encircles the central region. Noise signal currents are shunted through the guard ring, leaving the central region free from such currents. (AEC)

  9. Unidirectional ring lasers

    DOEpatents

    Hohimer, J.P.; Craft, D.C.

    1994-09-20

    Unidirectional ring lasers formed by integrating nonreciprocal optical elements into the resonant ring cavity is disclosed. These optical elements either attenuate light traveling in a nonpreferred direction or amplify light traveling in a preferred direction. In one preferred embodiment the resonant cavity takes the form of a circle with an S-shaped crossover waveguide connected to two points on the interior of the cavity such that light traveling in a nonpreferred direction is diverted from the cavity into the crossover waveguide and reinjected out of the other end of the crossover waveguide into the cavity as light traveling in the preferred direction. 21 figs.

  10. Unidirectional ring lasers

    DOEpatents

    Hohimer, John P.; Craft, David C.

    1994-01-01

    Unidirectional ring lasers formed by integrating nonreciprocal optical elements into the resonant ring cavity. These optical elements either attenuate light traveling in a nonpreferred direction or amplify light traveling in a preferred direction. In one preferred embodiment the resonant cavity takes the form of a circle with an S-shaped crossover waveguide connected to two points on the interior of the cavity such that light traveling in a nonpreferred direction is diverted from the cavity into the crossover waveguide and reinjected out of the other end of the crossover waveguide into the cavity as light traveling in the preferred direction.

  11. Saturn's Rings, the Yarkovsky Effects, and the Ring of Fire

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Rubincam, David Parry

    2004-01-01

    The dimensions of Saturn's A and B rings may be determined by the seasonal Yarkovsky effect and the Yarkovsky-Schach effect; the two effects confine the rings between approximately 1.68 and approximately 2.23 Saturn radii, in reasonable agreement with the observed values of 1.525 and 2.267. The C ring may be sparsely populated because its particles are transients on their way to Saturn; the infall may create a luminous Ring of Fire around Saturn's equator. The ring system may be young: in the past heat flow from Saturn's interior much above its present value would not permit rings to exist.

  12. Bis[μ-(E)-N'-(4-oxido-4-phenyl-but-3-en-2-yl-idene)benzohydrazidato]bis-[pyridine-copper(II)].

    PubMed

    Hatefi, Mehdi; Sheikhshoaie, Iran; Moghadam, Majid; Mirkhani, Valiollah; Kia, Reza

    2010-06-05

    In the crystal structure of the title centrosymmetric dimer, [Cu(2)(C(17)H(14)N(2)O(2))(2)(C(5)H(5)N)(2)], the Cu(II) atom has an almost perfect square-pyramidal geometry. The Cu(II) ion is coordin-ated by the NO(2) donor atoms of the hydrazide Schiff base ligand, the N atom of the pyridine group and an O atom of the symmetry-related unit. The dihedral angles between the pyridine ring and the two phenyl rings of the ligand are 21.4 (3) and 24.0 (2)°. The mol-ecular structure is stabilized by intra-molecular C-H⋯O inter-actions.

  13. Catalytic reaction of 3-phenyl-2-propyn-1-ol with alcohols

    SciTech Connect

    Grigoryan, S.G.; Avetisyan, K.G.; Matnishyan, A.A.

    1987-01-10

    The cyclic ketal 2,5-dimethyl-2,5-bis(3-phenyl-2-propynyloxy)-1,4-dioxane was obtained by the reaction of 3-phenyl-2-propyn-1=ol with propargyl alcohol in the presence of the HgO-BF/sub 3/ O(C/sub 2/H/sub 5/)/sub 2/ catalytic system. The transformation of 3-phenyl-2-propyn-1-ol and its ethers in methanol and ethanol by the action of the above-mentioned catalytic system leads to 1-phenyl-3-alkoxy-1-propanone, 1-phenyl-1,1,3-trialkoxypropane, and 1-phenyl-2-propen-1-one. The intermediate organomercury compound, which is the product from regioselective addition of mercuric oxide and the saturated alcohol at the triple bond, was isolated. Its protodemercuration led to the above-mentioned linear products. The formation of the cyclic ketal is presumably due to the preferred formation of mercury bis-hydroxypropargylide.

  14. 6-Meth­oxy-2-phenyl-4,4a,6,7,8,8a-hexa­hydro-2H-pyrano[3,2-d][1,3]dioxine-7,8-diyl bis­(4-methyl­benzene-1-sulfonate)

    PubMed Central

    Wardell, James L.; Tiekink, Edward R. T.

    2012-01-01

    In the title α-D-glucopyran­oside derivative, C28H30O10S2, each heterocyclic ring adopts a chair conformation. In the tri­substituted ring, the meth­oxy and one sulfonate group occupy axial positions, whereas the second sulfonate group occupies an axial position. The phenyl group on the other ring is in an equatorial position. In the crystal, supra­molecular chains propagating along [100] are formed through C—H⋯O and C—H⋯π inter­actions. PMID:22412635

  15. 6-Meth-oxy-2-phenyl-4,4a,6,7,8,8a-hexa-hydro-2H-pyrano[3,2-d][1,3]dioxine-7,8-diyl bis-(4-methyl-benzene-1-sulfonate).

    PubMed

    Wardell, James L; Tiekink, Edward R T

    2012-03-01

    In the title α-D-glucopyran-oside derivative, C(28)H(30)O(10)S(2), each heterocyclic ring adopts a chair conformation. In the tri-substituted ring, the meth-oxy and one sulfonate group occupy axial positions, whereas the second sulfonate group occupies an axial position. The phenyl group on the other ring is in an equatorial position. In the crystal, supra-molecular chains propagating along [100] are formed through C-H⋯O and C-H⋯π inter-actions.

  16. Gas-particle partitioning of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in urban, adjacent coastal, and continental background sites of western Greece.

    PubMed

    Terzi, Eleni; Samara, Constantini

    2004-10-01

    Particle- and gas-phase polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) were collected from an urban, an adjacent coastal, and a continental background site located in Eordea basin, western Greece, to investigate their gas/ particle distributions. Thirteen two- to six-ring PAHs, included in the U.S. EPA priority pollutant list, were determined in 24-h integrated glass fiber filters and polyurethane foam samples. At the prevailing ambient temperature levels, the three-ringed species (phenanthrene, anthracene) and the four-ringed fluoranthene and pyrene were primarily found in the gas phase. Conversely, the five- and six-ring PAHs were mainly associated with the particle phase. Gas/particle partitioning coefficients, Kp, were calculated, and their relationship with the subcooled liquid vapor pressure p degrees L of individual PAHs was investigated. Despite the large variability among samples, a good linear relationship between log Kp and log p degrees L was obtained for all sampling sites following the equation log Kp = m(r) log p degrees L + b(r). In the majority of sampling events, particularly in the adjacent coastal and the continental background sites, slopes (m(r)) were found to be shallower than the value of -1, which has been suggested as reflecting equilibrium partitioning. The deviations from predicted aerosol behavior observed in the present study may be attributed to several reasons, such as the presence of nonexchangeable PAH fraction, nonequilibrium as well as different particle characteristics.

  17. Closed-orbit correction of the NSLS VUV ring

    SciTech Connect

    Bozoki, E.; Bittner, J.; Blumberg, L.; Dickinson, T.; Galayda, J.

    1983-01-01

    We describe the results obtained from the orbit correction system in the NSLS VUV storage ring which consists of 24 PUE stations and 16 horizontal and vertical correction dipoles. The data were obtained by the PUEREAL module of the RING control program which provides automatic switching of the signal from individual electrodes of the PUE stations and provides a readout at harmonic of the rf frequency. The closed orbit is then calculated and corrected by measured displacements of the PUE's from the adjacent quadrupoles. The ORBIT module of the RING program was used to minimize the RMS orbit deviations choosing the most effective correctors and calculating their strengths. For the horizontal case, the correction was accomplished using 3 correctors in two iterations starting with RMS values X = 2.9 mm to X = 0.9 mm. Vertically three iterations and 6 correctors were required to correct the RMS value from Z = 6.8 nm to Z = 0.8 mm.

  18. Ring Flame Stabilizer

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1996-01-01

    The Ring Flame Stabilizer has been developed in conjunction with Lewis Research Center. This device can lower pollutant emissions (which contribute to smog and air pollution) from natural-gas appliances such as furnaces and water heaters by 90 percent while improving energy efficiency by 2 percent.

  19. Ring of Stellar Death

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2004-01-01

    This false-color image from NASA's Spitzer Space Telescope shows a dying star (center) surrounded by a cloud of glowing gas and dust. Thanks to Spitzer's dust-piercing infrared eyes, the new image also highlights a never-before-seen feature -- a giant ring of material (red) slightly offset from the cloud's core. This clumpy ring consists of material that was expelled from the aging star.

    The star and its cloud halo constitute a 'planetary nebula' called NGC 246. When a star like our own Sun begins to run out of fuel, its core shrinks and heats up, boiling off the star's outer layers. Leftover material shoots outward, expanding in shells around the star. This ejected material is then bombarded with ultraviolet light from the central star's fiery surface, producing huge, glowing clouds -- planetary nebulas -- that look like giant jellyfish in space.

    In this image, the expelled gases appear green, and the ring of expelled material appears red. Astronomers believe the ring is likely made of hydrogen molecules that were ejected from the star in the form of atoms, then cooled to make hydrogen pairs. The new data will help explain how planetary nebulas take shape, and how they nourish future generations of stars.

    This image composite was taken on Dec. 6, 2003, by Spitzer's infrared array camera, and is composed of images obtained at four wavelengths: 3.6 microns (blue), 4.5 microns (green), 5.8 microns (orange) and 8 microns (red).

  20. Exotic damping ring lattices

    SciTech Connect

    Palmer, R.B.

    1987-05-01

    This paper looks at, and compares three types of damping ring lattices: conventional, wiggler lattice with finite ..cap alpha.., wiggler lattice with ..cap alpha.. = 0, and observes the attainable equilibrium emittances for the three cases assuming a constraint on the attainable longitudinal impedance of 0.2 ohms. The emittance obtained are roughly in the ratio 4:2:1 for these cases.

  1. Ring laser scatterometer

    DOEpatents

    Ackermann, Mark; Diels, Jean-Claude

    2005-06-28

    A scatterometer utilizes the dead zone resulting from lockup caused by scatter from a sample located in the optical path of a ring laser at a location where counter-rotating pulses cross. The frequency of one pulse relative to the other is varied across the lockup dead zone.

  2. Reading, Writing, and Rings!

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aschbacher, Pamela; Li, Erika; Hammon, Art

    2008-01-01

    "Reading, Writing, and Rings!" was created by a team of elementary teachers, literacy experts, and scientists in order to integrate science and literacy. These free units bring students inside NASA's Cassini-Huygens mission to Saturn. The authors--a science teacher and education outreach specialist and two evaluators of educational programs--have…

  3. Making Molecular Borromean Rings

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pentecost, Cari D.; Tangchaivang, Nichol; Cantrill, Stuart J.; Chichak, Kelly S.; Peters, Andrea J.; Stoddart, Fraser J.

    2007-01-01

    A procedure that requires seven 4-hour blocks of time to allow undergraduate students to prepare the molecular Borromean rings (BRs) on a gram-scale in 90% yield is described. The experiment would serve as a nice capstone project to culminate any comprehensive organic laboratory course and expose students to fundamental concepts, symmetry point…

  4. A structure-function relationship for the optical modulation of phenyl boronic acid-grafted, polyethylene glycol-wrapped single-walled carbon nanotubes.

    PubMed

    Mu, Bin; McNicholas, Thomas P; Zhang, Jingqing; Hilmer, Andrew J; Jin, Zhong; Reuel, Nigel F; Kim, Jong-Ho; Yum, Kyungsuk; Strano, Michael S

    2012-10-24

    Phenyl boronic acids (PBA) are important binding ligands to pendant diols useful for saccharide recognition. The aromatic ring can also function to anchor an otherwise hydrophilic polymer backbone to the surface of hydrophobic graphene or carbon nanotube. In this work, we demonstrate both functions using a homologous series of seven phenyl boronic acids conjugated to a polyethylene glycol, eight-membered, branched polymer (PPEG8) that allows aqueous dispersion of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNT) and quenching of the near-infrared fluorescence in response to saccharide binding. We compare the 2-carboxyphenylboronic acid (2CPBA); 3-carboxy- (3CPBA) and 4-carboxy- (4CPBA) phenylboronic acids; N-(4-phenylboronic)succinamic acid (4SCPBA); 5-bromo-3-carboxy- (5B3CPBA), 3-carboxy-5-fluoro- (5F3CPBA), and 3-carboxy-5-nitro- (5N3CPBA) phenylboronic acids, demonstrating a clear link between SWNT photoluminescence quantum yield and boronic acid structure. Surprisingly, quantum yield decreases systematically with both the location of the BA functionality and the inclusion of electron-withdrawing or -donating substituents on the phenyl ring. For three structural isomers (2CPBA, 3CPBA, and 4CPBA), the highest quantum yields were measured for para-substituted PBA (4CPBA), much higher than ortho- (2CPBA) and meta- (3CPBA) substituted PBA, indicating the first such dependence on molecular structure. Electron-withdrawing substituents such as nitro groups on the phenyl ring cause higher quantum yield, while electron-donating groups such as amides and alkyl groups cause a decrease. The solvatochromic shift of up to 10.3 meV was used for each case to estimate polymer surface coverage on an areal basis using a linear dielectric model. Saccharide recognition using the nIR photoluminescence of SWNT is demonstrated, including selectivity toward pentoses such as arabinose, ribose, and xylose to the exclusion of the expected fructose, which has a high selectivity on PBA due to the

  5. Ring Bubbles of Dolphins

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Shariff, Karim; Marten, Ken; Psarakos, Suchi; White, Don J.; Merriam, Marshal (Technical Monitor)

    1996-01-01

    The article discusses how dolphins create and play with three types of air-filled vortices. The underlying physics is discussed. Photographs and sketches illustrating the dolphin's actions and physics are presented. The dolphins engage in this behavior on their own initiative without food reward. These behaviors are done repeatedly and with singleminded effort. The first type is the ejection of bubbles which, after some practice on the part of the dolphin, turn into toroidal vortex ring bubbles by the mechanism of baroclinic torque. These bubbles grow in radius and become thinner as they rise vertically to the surface. One dolphin would blow two in succession and guide them to fuse into one. Physicists call this a vortex reconnection. In the second type, the dolphins first create an invisible vortex ring in the water by swimming on their side and waving their tail fin (also called flukes) vigorously. This vortex ring travels horizontally in the water. The dolphin then turns around, finds the vortex and injects a stream of air into it from its blowhole. The air "fills-out" the core of the vortex ring. Often, the dolphin would knock-off a smaller ring bubble from the larger ring (this also involves vortex reconnection) and steer the smaller ring around the tank. One other dolphin employed a few other techniques for planting air into the fluke vortex. One technique included standing vertically in the water with tail-up, head-down and tail piercing the free surface. As the fluke is waved to create the vortex ring, air is entrained from above the surface. Another technique was gulping air in the mouth, diving down, releasing air bubbles from the mouth and curling them into a ring when they rose to the level of the fluke. In the third type, demonstrated by only one dolphin, the longitudinal vortex created by the dorsal fin on the back is used to produce 10-15 foot long helical bubbles. In one technique she swims in a curved path. This creates a dorsal fin vortex since

  6. Rings from Close Encounters

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kohler, Susanna

    2016-09-01

    Weve recently discovered narrow sets of rings around two minor planets orbiting in our solar system. How did these rings form? A new study shows that they could be a result of close encounters between the minor planets and giants like Jupiter or Neptune.Unexpected Ring SystemsPositions of the centaurs in our solar system (green). Giant planets (red), Jupiter trojans (grey), scattered disk objects (tan) and Kuiper belt objects (blue) are also shown. [WilyD]Centaurs are minor planets in our solar system that orbit between Jupiter and Neptune. These bodies of which there are roughly 44,000 with diameters larger than 1 km have dynamically unstable orbits that cross paths with those of one or more giant planets.Recent occultation observations of two centaurs, 10199 Chariklo and 2060 Chiron, revealed that these bodies both host narrow ring systems. Besides our four giant planets, Chariklo and Chiron are the only other bodies in the solar system known to have rings. But how did these rings form?Scientists have proposed several models, implicating collisions, disruption of a primordial satellite, or dusty outgassing. But a team of scientists led by Ryuki Hyodo (Paris Institute of Earth Physics, Kobe University) has recently proposed an alternative scenario: what if the rings were formed from partial disruption of the centaur itself, after it crossed just a little too close to a giant planet?Tidal Forces from a GiantHyodo and collaborators first used past studies of centaur orbits to estimate that roughly 10% of centaurs experience close encounters (passing within a distance of ~2x the planetary radius) with a giant planet during their million-year lifetime. The team then performed a series of simulations of close encounters between a giant planet and a differentiated centaur a body in which the rocky material has sunk to form a dense silicate core, surrounded by an icy mantle.Some snapshots of simulation outcomes (click for a closer look!) for different initial states of

  7. DFT and PCM-TD-DFT investigation of the electronic structures and spectra of 5-(3-phenyl-2-propenylidene)-2-thioxo-4-thiazolidinone derivatives

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    El-Taher, Sabry; Metwaly, Mohamed

    2017-04-01

    UV-Visible absorption spectra of 5-(3-phenyl-2-propenylidene)-2-thioxo-4-thiazolidinones (5pR-PPTT, R = H, CH3, CH3O, and N(CH3)2) were measured in different solvents and investigated using the theoretical PCM-TD-DFT scheme. A benchmark evaluation against experimental results on the accuracy of different DFT functionals has been performed. The best agreement with X-ray data is achieved by using the long-range corrected LC-wPBE functional, while the PBE0 functional provided the most accurate λmax for the studied compounds. The thionic forms of the ZE isomers of the studied compounds are found to be the most stable tautomers. The assignation debate of the second absorption band of rhodanine [2-thioxo-4-thiazolidinone (Rd)] has been solved by confirming on its π-π∗ nature. It was found that the expansion of the π-conjugation system at position 5 of Rd ring leads to significant bathochromic shift. The CT lengths (Δr) and dipole moment change (ΔμCT) indices showed that the charge transfer character of the electronic transitions is directly proportional to the electron-releasing strength of substituted phenyl ring. It was concluded that the red shifting of the maximum absorption is mainly regulated by the solvent polarizability and much less by solvent polarity.

  8. Syntheses, structures and properties of two new coordination polymers based on D-camphoric acid and 2-phenyl-4,6-diamino-1,3,5-triazine

    SciTech Connect

    Lun, Huijie; Yang, Jinghe; Jin, Linyu; Cui, Sasa; Bai, Yanlong; Zhang, Xudong; Li, Yamin

    2015-05-15

    By hydrothermal method, two new coordination polymers [Co(ca)(phdat)]{sub n} (1), [Ni(ca)(phdat).0.125H{sub 2}O]{sub n} (2) (H{sub 2}ca=D-camphoric acid, phdat=2-phenyl-4,6-diamino-1,3,5-triazine) have been achieved and structurally characterized by IR, elemental analyses, X-ray single-crystal diffraction and TGA. The X-ray single-crystal diffraction reveals that compounds 1 and 2 are isostructural, both of which exhibit two-dimensional layered network built up from paddle-wheel Co{sub 2}(CO{sub 2}){sub 4}/Ni{sub 2}(CO{sub 2}){sub 4} SBUs by ca{sup 2−} ligand. In the existence of π…π stacking interactions between triazine rings and phenyl rings, the 3D networks are constructed with the hanging phdat filled between the neighboring layers. Furthermore, compounds 1–2 exhibit antiferromagnetic behavior and compound 2 displays a good activity for methanol oxidation. - Graphical abstract: Two new coordination compounds 1–2 have been synthesized and characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffractions, IR spectra, elemental analyses, thermogravimetric analyses, magnetic and electrochemical measurement. - Highlights: • This paper reports two new coordination polymers based on D-camphoric acid. • Both the compounds feather two-dimensional layered networks built up from paddle-wheel SBUs. • The magnetism and electrochemical property are investigated.

  9. Formation of the phenyl radical [C6H5(X(2)A1)] under single collision conditions: a crossed molecular beam and ab initio study.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Fangtong; Jones, Brant; Maksyutenko, Pavlo; Kaiser, Ralf I; Chin, Christine; Kislov, Vadim V; Mebel, Alexander M

    2010-03-03

    Reactions of dicarbon molecules (C(2)) with C(4)H(6) isomers such as 1,3-butadiene represent a potential, but hitherto unnoticed, route to synthesize the first aromatic C(6) ring in hydrocarbon flames and in the interstellar medium where concentrations of dicarbon transient species are significant. Here, crossed molecular beams experiments of dicarbon molecules in their X(1)Sigma(g)(+) electronic ground state and in the first electronically excited a(3)Pi(u) state have been conducted with 1,3-butadiene and two partially deuterated counterparts (1,1,4,4-D4-1,3-butadiene and 2,3-D2-1,3-butadiene) at two collision energies of 12.7 and 33.7 kJ mol(-1). Combining these scattering experiments with electronic structure and RRKM calculations on the singlet and triplet C(6)H(6) surfaces, our investigation reveals that the aromatic phenyl radical is formed predominantly on the triplet surface via indirect scattering dynamics through a long-lived reaction intermediate. Initiated by a barrierless addition of triplet dicarbon to one of the terminal carbon atoms of 1,3-butadiene, the collision complex undergoes trans-cis isomerization followed by ring closure and hydrogen migration prior to hydrogen atom elimination, ultimately forming the phenyl radical. The latter step emits the hydrogen atom almost perpendicularly to the rotational plane of the decomposing intermediate and almost parallel to the total angular momentum vector. On the singlet surface, smaller contributions of phenyl radical could not be excluded; experiments with partially deuterated 1,3-butadiene indicate the formation of the thermodynamically less stable acyclic H(2)CCHCCCCH(2) isomer. This study presents the very first experimental evidence, contemplated by theoretical studies, that under single collision conditions an aromatic hydrocarbon molecule can be formed in a bimolecular gas-phase reaction via reaction of two acyclic molecules involving cyclization processes at collision energies highly relevant to

  10. Phase transformation of calcium phenyl phosphate in calcium hydroxyapatite

    SciTech Connect

    Tanaka, Hidekazu . E-mail: hidekazu@riko.shimane-u.ac.jp; Ibaraki, Koshiro; Uemura, Masao; Hino, Ryozi; Kandori, Kazuhiko; Ishikawa, Tatsuo

    2007-07-03

    Calcium phenyl phosphate (CaPP) was synthesized from a mixture of Ca(OH){sub 2} and phenyl phosphate (C{sub 6}H{sub 5}PO{sub 4}H{sub 2}) in an aqueous media. XRD pattern of CaPP exhibited five diffraction peaks at 2{theta} = 6.6, 13.3, 20.0, 26.8 and 33.7{sup o}. The d-spacing ratio of these peaks was ca. 1:1/2:1/3:1/4:1/5. The molar ratios of Ca/P and phenyl/P of CaPP were 1.0 and 0.92, respectively, and the chemical formula of the material was expressed as (C{sub 6}H{sub 5}PO{sub 4}){sub 0.92}(HPO{sub 4}){sub 0.08}Ca.1.3H{sub 2}O, similar to that of dicalcium phosphate dihydrate (CaHPO{sub 4}.2H{sub 2}O: DCPD). These results allowed us to infer that CaPP is composed of a multilayer alternating bilayer of phenyl groups of the phosphates and DCPD-like phase. The structure of the material was essentially not altered after aging at pH 9.0-11.0 and 85 deg. C in an aqueous media. While, after aging at pH {<=}8.0, the diffraction peaks of CaPP were suddenly weakened and disappeared at pH 7.0. Besides, new peaks due to calcium hydroxyapatite (Ca{sub 10}(PO{sub 4}){sub 6}(OH){sub 2}: Hap) appeared and their intensity was strengthened with decreasing the solution pH. TEM observation revealed that the Hap particles formed at pH 6.0 are fibrous with ca. 1.5 {mu}m in length and ca. 0.2 {mu}m in width. From these results, it is presumed that the layered CaPP was dissolved, hydrolyzed and reprecipitated to fibrous Hap particles at pH {<=}8.0 and 85 deg. C in aqueous media. This phase transformation of CaPP in Hap resembled to the formation mechanism of Hap in animal organism.

  11. Acute Oral Toxicity Potential of 4-Nitrophenyl Methkyl Phenyl Phosphinate.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1982-09-01

    methyl phenyl phosphinate Chemical Abstract Service Registry No.: None Molecular structure: C Ii NO P 13 12 4 .0 0~ NO., CH3 o o...C 56.33 56.17 H 4.36 4.28 N 5.05 5.14 P 11.17 11.25 2. Chemical Name: Polysorbate 80 (Tween 80) Chemical Abstract Service Registry No.: 9005-65-6...administration particularly in chronic toxicity studies in experimental data. 3. Chemical Name: Citric Acid, monohydrate Chemical Abstract Service

  12. Synthesis of a digermane-containing tricylic nonadecadienedione incorporating an equivalent of ring-opened THF.

    PubMed

    Gottfried, Amy C; Wang, Jia; Wilson, Erin E; Beck, Larry W; Banaszak Holl, Mark M; Kampf, Jeff W

    2004-11-29

    The combination of 2 equiv of bis[bis(trimethylsilyl)amide]germylene (5) with 2 equiv of 4-phenyl-1,2,4-triazoline-3,5-dione (PTAD) in tetrahydrofuran (THF) results in the ring-opening of 1 equiv of THF to form 2,2,8,8-tetrakis(1,1,1,3,3,3-hexamethyl-disilazan-2-yl)-5,16-diphenyl-7,9,14-trioxa-1,3,5,16,18,19-hexaaza-2,8-digerma-tricyclo[13.2.1.13,6]nonadeca-6(19),15(18)-diene-4,17-dione (6). This fast and nearly quantitative reaction builds a 15-membered ring from five different molecules. The new ring, structurally assigned by X-ray crystallography, contains a flexible methylene chain that moves rapidly on the NMR time scale.

  13. Inorganic glass ceramic slip rings

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Glossbrenner, E. W.; Cole, S. R.

    1972-01-01

    Prototypes of slip rings have been fabricated from ceramic glass, a material which is highly resistant to deterioration due to high temperature. Slip ring assemblies were not structurally damaged by mechanical tests and performed statisfactorily for 200 hours.

  14. A femtosecond stimulated Raman spectroscopic study on the oxazine ring opening dynamics of structurally-modified indolobenzoxazines

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Redeckas, Kipras; Toliautas, Stepas; Steponavičiūtė, Rasa; Šačkus, Algirdas; Sulskus, Juozas; Vengris, Mikas

    2016-06-01

    Steady-state and time-resolved femtosecond stimulated Raman scattering spectroscopic methods were applied to elucidate the photodynamics and the oxazine ring opening contingency in phenyl-substituted indolobenzoxazine systems. Using wavelength- and pulse duration-tunable multi-pulse techniques, we have measured the (static) stimulated Raman spectra of the chemically ring-opened indolobenzoxazines, and the (dynamic) femto-to-nanosecond time- and wavenumber-resolved spectra of their photo-generated species. The two experimental realizations show a notable vibronic disparity, thereby indicating the structural difference between the chemically bond-cleaved and the UV excitation produced species.

  15. Crystal structure of di-μ-chlorido-bis(chlorido­{N 1-phenyl-N 4-[(pyridin-2-yl-κN)methyl­idene]benzene-1,4-di­amine-κN 4}mercury(II))

    PubMed Central

    Faizi, Md. Serajul Haque; Prisyazhnaya, Elena V.

    2015-01-01

    The whole mol­ecule of the title complex, [Hg2Cl4(C18H15N3)2], is generated by inversion symmetry. It was synthesized from the pyridine-derived Schiff base N-phenyl-N′-[(pyridin-2-yl)methyl­idene]benzene-1,4-di­amine (PPMBD). The five-coordinated Hg2+ ions have a distorted square-pyramidal environment defined by two N atoms, viz. the imine and the other pyridyl [Hg—N = 2.467 (6) and 2.310 (6) Å, respectively] belonging to the bidentate imino­pyridine ligand, and three Cl atoms [Hg—Cl = 2.407 (2), 2.447 (2) and 3.031 (2) Å]. The longest Hg—Cl bond is bridging about the inversion centre. In the ligand, the central ring and pyridine ring are oriented at a dihedral angle of 8.1 (4)°, while the planes of the pyridine ring and the terminal phenyl ring are oriented at a dihedral angle of 53.8 (4)°. In the crystal, mol­ecules are linked by N—H⋯Cl and C—H⋯Cl hydrogen bonds, forming sheets parallel to (001). PMID:26396873

  16. RINGED ACCRETION DISKS: EQUILIBRIUM CONFIGURATIONS

    SciTech Connect

    Pugliese, D.; Stuchlík, Z. E-mail: zdenek.stuchlik@physics.cz

    2015-12-15

    We investigate a model of a ringed accretion disk, made up by several rings rotating around a supermassive Kerr black hole attractor. Each toroid of the ringed disk is governed by the general relativity hydrodynamic Boyer condition of equilibrium configurations of rotating perfect fluids. Properties of the tori can then be determined by an appropriately defined effective potential reflecting the background Kerr geometry and the centrifugal effects. The ringed disks could be created in various regimes during the evolution of matter configurations around supermassive black holes. Therefore, both corotating and counterrotating rings have to be considered as being a constituent of the ringed disk. We provide constraints on the model parameters for the existence and stability of various ringed configurations and discuss occurrence of accretion onto the Kerr black hole and possible launching of jets from the ringed disk. We demonstrate that various ringed disks can be characterized by a maximum number of rings. We present also a perturbation analysis based on evolution of the oscillating components of the ringed disk. The dynamics of the unstable phases of the ringed disk evolution seems to be promising in relation to high-energy phenomena demonstrated in active galactic nuclei.

  17. Ring closure in actin polymers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sinha, Supurna; Chattopadhyay, Sebanti

    2017-03-01

    We present an analysis for the ring closure probability of semiflexible polymers within the pure bend Worm Like Chain (WLC) model. The ring closure probability predicted from our analysis can be tested against fluorescent actin cyclization experiments. We also discuss the effect of ring closure on bend angle fluctuations in actin polymers.

  18. DC-Powered Jumping Ring

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jeffery, Rondo N.; Farhang, Amiri

    2016-01-01

    The classroom jumping ring demonstration is nearly always performed using alternating current (AC), in which the ring jumps or flies off the extended iron core when the switch is closed. The ring jumps higher when cooled with liquid nitrogen (LN2). We have performed experiments using DC to power the solenoid and find similarities and significant…

  19. Uranus: the rings are black.

    PubMed

    Sinton, W M

    1977-11-04

    An upper limit of 0.05 is established for the geometric albedo of the newly discovered rings of Uranus. In view of this very low albedo, the particles of the rings cannot be ice-covered as are those of rings A and B of Saturn.

  20. Thermolysis of surface-immobilized phenethyl phenyl ether

    SciTech Connect

    Britt, P.F.; Buchanan, A.C. III; Hitsman, V.M.

    1991-01-01

    Our research has focused on modeling the constraints on free-radical reactions that might be imposed in coal as a consequence of its cross-linked macromolecular structure by covalently bonding diphenylalkanes to an inert silica surface. A surface-immobilized phenethyl phenyl ether ({approx}PhCH{sub 2}CH{sub 2}POh, or {approx}PPE-3) has been prepared as a model for ether linkages in lignin by the condensation of p-HOPhCH{sub 2}CH{sub 2}OPh with the surface hydroxyls of a high purity fumed silica. Thermolysis of {approx}PPE-3 at saturation surface coverage at 375{degree}C produces {approx}PhCH = CH{sub 2} and PhOH as the major products which are consistent with the proposed free-radical chain mechanism for the decomposition of fluid-phase phenethyl phenyl ether. However, significant quantities of {approx}PhCH{sub 3} and PhCHO (ca. 18% of the products) are produced indicating the emergence of a new reaction pathway on the surface. The mechanism for the decomposition of {approx}PPE-3 will be discussed in light of this new information. 18 refs., 1 fig.

  1. Satellite Rings Movie

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2000-01-01

    This brief movie clip (of which the release image is a still frame), taken by NASA's Cassini spacecraft as it approached Jupiter, shows the motions, over a 16 hour-period, of two satellites embedded in Jupiter's ring. The moon Adrastea is the fainter of the two, and Metis the brighter. Images such as these will be used to refine the orbits of the two bodies.

    The movie was made from images taken during a 40-hour sequence of the Jovian ring on December 11, 2000.

    Cassini is a cooperative mission of NASA, the European Space Agency and the Italian Space Agency. JPL, a division of the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena, manages Cassini for NASA's Office of Space Science, Washington, D.C.

  2. Saturn Ring Observer

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Spilker, T. R.

    2001-01-01

    Answering fundamental questions about ring particle characteristics, and individual and group behavior, appears to require close-proximity (a few km) observations. Saturn's magnificent example of a ring system offers a full range of particle sizes, densities, and behaviors for study, so it is a natural choice for such detailed investigation. Missions implementing these observations require post-approach Delta(V) of approximately 10 km/s or more, so past mission concepts called upon Nuclear Electric Propulsion. The concept described here reduces the propulsive Delta(V) requirement to as little as 3.5 km/s, difficult but not impossible for high-performance chemical propulsion systems. Additional information is contained in the original extended abstract.

  3. Synthesis, Characterization, and Biological Activity of N (')-[(Z)-(3-Methyl-5-oxo-1-phenyl-1,5-dihydro-4H-pyrazol-4-ylidene)(phenyl)methyl]benzohydrazide and Its Co(II), Ni(II), and Cu(II) Complexes.

    PubMed

    Asegbeloyin, Jonnie N; Ujam, Oguejiofo T; Okafor, Emmanuel C; Babahan, Ilknur; Coban, Esin Poyrazoglu; Ozmen, Ali; Biyik, Halil

    2014-01-01

    Reaction of 1-phenyl-3-methyl-4-benzoyl-pyrazol-5-one and benzoyl hydrazide in refluxing ethanol gave N (')-[(Z)-(3-methyl-5-oxo-1-phenyl-1,5-dihydro-4H-pyrazol-4-ylidene)(phenyl)methyl]benzohydrazide (HL(1)), which was characterized by NMR spectroscopy and single-crystal X-ray structure study. X-ray diffraction analyses of the crystals revealed a nonplanar molecule, existing in the keto-amine form, with intermolecular hydrogen bonding forming a seven-membered ring system. The reaction of HL(1) with Co(II), Ni(II), and Cu(II) halides gave the corresponding complexes, which were characterized by elemental analysis, molar conductance, magnetic measurements, and infrared and electronic spectral studies. The compounds were screened for their in vitro cytotoxic activity against HL-60 human promyelocytic leukemia cells and antimicrobial activity against some bacteria and yeasts. Results showed that the compounds are potent against HL-60 cells with the IC50 value ≤5 μM, while some of the compounds were active against few studied Gram-positive bacteria.

  4. 3-(4-Chloro-phenyl-diazen-yl)-1-methyl-1,4,5,6-tetra-hydro-pyridine.

    PubMed

    Meneghetti, Fiorella; Bombieri, Gabriella; Tonelli, Michele

    2008-06-19

    The title compound, C(12)H(14)ClN(3), represents the planar azoenamine tautomer. The benzene ring forms a dihedral angle of 2.5 (1)° with the azoenamine group. Electron delocalization is indicated by the values of the bond lengths in the chain. The tetra-hydro-pyridine ring adopts a half-chair conformation and the dihedral angle between the least-squares plane defined by the five coplanar C atoms and the azoenamine unit is 2.0 (1)°, while the envelope-flap C atom lies out of this plane by 0.579 (2) Å. The mol-ecular packing is governed by van der Waals inter-actions through the stacking of adjacent mol-ecules, resulting in a two-dimensional sheet structure.

  5. Strained Ring Energetic Binders

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-08-27

    polyhomobenzvalene ( PHBV ). PHBV was not found to have the mechanical instability problems of PBV, but was still thermally unstable (Tonset - 660C, Tmax - 1090C...DISCUSSION 4 Polybenzvalene (PBV) 4 Polyhomobenzvalene ( PHBV ) 6 Chain-Transfer Studies 11 CONCLUSIONS 15 EXPERIMENTAL PROCEDURES 16 .F 4E 19 APPENDICES A...strained ring polymers similar to PBV are known. The investigation of one of these polymers, polyhomobenzvalene ( PHBV ), is also described in this report

  6. Organofluorine chemistry: Difluoromethylene motifs spaced 1,3 to each other imparts facial polarity to a cyclohexane ring

    PubMed Central

    Jones, Mathew J; Callejo, Ricardo; Slawin, Alexandra M Z; Bühl, Michael

    2016-01-01

    2,2-Dimethyl-5-phenyl-1,1,3,3-tetrafluororocyclohexane has been prepared and characterised as an example of a facially polarised cyclohexane containing 1,3 related CF2 groups. The dipolar nature of the ring arises from the axial orientation of two of the C–F bonds pointing in the same direction, and set by the chair conformation of the cyclohexane. This electrostatic profile is revealed experimentally both in the solid-state (X-ray) packing of the rings and by solution (NMR) in different solvents. A computationally derived electrostatic profile of this compound is consistent with a more electronegative and a more electropositive face of the cyclohexane ring. This placing of CF2 groups 1,3 to each other in a cyclohexane ring is introduced as a new design strategy which could be applicable to the preparation of polar hydrophobic cyclohexane motifs. PMID:28144355

  7. Synthesis and properties of fused-ring-expanded porphyrins that were core-modified with Group 16 heteroatoms.

    PubMed

    Xu, Hai-Jun; Mack, John; Wu, Di; Xue, Zhao-Li; Descalzo, Ana B; Rurack, Knut; Kobayashi, Nagao; Shen, Zhen

    2012-12-21

    The synthesis of a series of novel core-modified and fused-ring-expanded tetraphenylporphyrins is reported. Theoretical calculations and magnetic circular dichroism (MCD) and fluorescence spectroscopic measurements were used to analyze the effect of core modification with Group 16 oxygen, sulfur, selenium, and tellurium atoms on the optical properties and electronic structures of the porphyrins. Marked redshifts of the Q and B bands and accelerated intersystem-crossing rates were observed, thus making these compounds potentially suitable for use in a variety of applications. The scope for further fine-tuning of these optical properties based on additional structural modifications, such as the incorporation of fused benzene rings to form ABAB structures by using a thiophene precursor with a fused bicyclo[2.2.2]octadiene ring and the introduction of various substituents onto the meso-phenyl rings, is also examined.

  8. (E)-2-{[1-(3,11-Dimethyl-4-methyl­ene-10-oxo-1-phenyl-4,5,10,11-tetra­hydro-1H-benzo[b]pyrazolo­[3,4-f][1,5]diazo­cin-5-yl)ethyl­idene]amino}-N-methyl-N-(3-methyl-1-phenyl-1H-pyrazol-5-yl)benzamide

    PubMed Central

    Meneghetti, Fiorella; Maggio, Benedetta

    2013-01-01

    The central eight-membered ring of the title compound, C40H36N8O2, deviates from the ideal boat conformation because the bond between the exo-ethyl­ene group and the adjacent N atom is twisted by 60.0 (4)° due to steric hindrance. Its adjacent benzene and pyrazole rings are oriented almost perpendicular to each other, making a dihedral angle of 85.8 (3)°. In the crystal, the mol­ecules are linked by C(ar)—H⋯O hydrogen bonds, generating a three-dimensional network. PMID:24098259

  9. Which Ringed Planet...!?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2002-12-01

    Don't worry - you are not the only one who thought this was a nice amateur photo of planet Saturn, Lord of the Rings in our Solar System! But then the relative brightness and positions of the moons may appear somewhat unfamiliar... and the ring system does look unusually bright when compared to the planetary disk...?? Well, it is not Saturn, but Uranus , the next giant planet further out, located at a distance of about 3,000 million km, or 20 times the distance between the Sun and the Earth. The photo shows Uranus surrounded by its rings and some of the moons, as they appear on a near-infrared image that was obtained in the K s -band (at wavelength 2.2 µm) with the ISAAC multi-mode instrument on the 8.2-m VLT ANTU telescope at the ESO Paranal Observatory (Chile) . The exposure was made on November 19, 2002 (03:00 hrs UT) during a planetary research programme. The observing conditions were excellent (seeing 0.5 arcsec) and the exposure lasted 5 min. The angular diameter of Uranus is about 3.5 arcsec. The observers at ISAAC were Emmanuel Lellouch and Thérése Encrenaz of the Observatoire de Paris (France) and Jean-Gabriel Cuby and Andreas Jaunsen (both ESO-Chile). The rings The rings of Uranus were discovered in 1977, from observations during a stellar occultation event by astronomer teams at the Kuiper Airborne Observatory (KAO) and the Perth Observatory (Australia). Just before and after the planet moved in front of the (occulted) star, the surrounding rings caused the starlight to dim for short intervals of time. Photos obtained from the Voyager-2 spacecraft in 1986 showed a multitude of very tenuous rings. These rings are almost undetectable from the Earth in visible light. However, on the present VLT near-infrared picture, the contrast between the rings and the planet is strongly enhanced. At the particular wavelength at which this observation was made, the infalling sunlight is almost completely absorbed by gaseous methane present in the planetary atmosphere

  10. Precooler Ring Vacuum System

    SciTech Connect

    Moenich, J.

    1980-10-02

    The precooler vacuum system, as proposed by FNAL, is based on a suitable modification of the existing Electron Cooling Ring System. Because of the magnetic cycle of the bending magnets, distributed ion pumping, as exists in the Electron Cooling Ring, is not applicable. Instead, the proposed pumping will be done with commercial appendage ion pumps mounted approximately every two meters around the circumference of the ring. The loss of effective pumping speed and non-uniformity of system pressure with appendage pumps may not be major considerations but the large number required does effect experimental and analytical equipment placement considerations. There is a distributed pumping technique available which: (1) is not affected by the magnetic cycle of the bending magnets; (2) will provide a minimum of four times the hydrogen pumping speed of the proposed appendage ion pumps; (3) will require no power during pumping after the strip is activated; (4) will provide the heat source for bakeout; (5) is easily replaceable; and (6) can be purchased, installed, and operated at a generous economic advantage over the presently proposed ion pumped system. The pumping technique referred to is non-evaporable gettering with ST101 Zr/Al pumping strip. A technical description of this pumping strip is given on Data Sheet 1 and 2 attached to this report.

  11. Saturn's ``Gossamer'' Ring: The F Ring's Inner Sheet

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Showalter, M. R.; Burns, J. A.; Hamilton, D. P.

    1998-09-01

    Recent Galileo and Earth-based images have revealed for the first time that Jupiter's ``gossamer'' ring is actually composed of two rings, one bounded at the outer edge by Amalthea and the other bounded by Thebe. Dynamical models suggest that these rings are composed of dust grains ejected off the surfaces of the two moons, which then evolve inward under Poynting-Robertson drag. A very faint sheet of material filling the region between Saturn's A and F Rings reported by Burns et al. (BAAS 15, 1013--1014, 1983) may be a dynamically analogous system, in which dust escapes from the F Ring and evolves inward to the A Ring. Unlike Jupiter's gossamer rings, however, the inner sheet of Saturn's F Ring has been well observed from a large range of phase angles and visual wavelengths by Voyager. Voyager images reveal that this faint ring shows a tenfold increase in brightness between phase angles of 125(deg) and 165(deg) , indicating that it is composed of fine dust microns in size. Preliminary estimates of the normal optical depth fall in the range 1--2*E(-4) , depending on the dust size distribution assumed. Initial spectrophotometry reveals that the ring is neutral in color. The ring is uniform in brightness over the entire region between the two rings, with no evidence for internal structure associated with Prometheus and Atlas, suggesting that neither of these embedded moons acts as either a source or a sink. We will refine the aforementioned measurements and develop photometric models to better constrain the properties of the dust in this ring. This will enable us to relate the dust population to that in the F Ring proper, and to better explore the dynamical processes at work.

  12. Pharmacological examination of trifluoromethyl ring-substituted methcathinone analogs

    PubMed Central

    Cozzi, Nicholas V.; Brandt, Simon D.; Daley, Paul F.; Partilla, John S.; Rothman, Richard B.; Tulzer, Andreas; Sitte, Harald H.; Baumann, Michael H.

    2013-01-01

    Cathinones are a class of drugs used to treat various medical conditions including depression, obesity, substance abuse, and muscle spasms. Some “designer” cathinones, such as methcathinone, mephedrone, and methylone, are used nonclinically for their stimulant or entactogenic properties. Given the recent rise in nonmedical use of designer cathinones, we aimed to improve understanding of cathinone pharmacology by investigating analogs of methcathinone with a CF3 substituent at the 2-, 3-, or 4-position of the phenyl ring (TFMAPs). We compared the TFMAPs with methcathinone for effects on monoamine uptake transporter function in vitro and in vivo, and for effects on locomotor activity in rats. At the serotonin transporter (SERT), 3-TFMAP and 4–TFMAP were 10-fold more potent than methcathinone as uptake inhibitors and as releasing agents, but 2-TFMAP was both a weak uptake inhibitor and releaser. At the norepinephrine and dopamine transporters (NET and DAT), all TFMAP isomers were less potent than methcathinone as uptake inhibitors and releasers. In vivo, 4-TFMAP released 5-HT, but not dopamine, in rat nucleus accumbens and did not affect locomotor activity, whereas methcathinone increased both 5-HT and dopamine and produced locomotor stimulation. These experiments reveal that TFMAPs are substrates for the monoamine transporters and that phenyl ring substitution at the 3- or 4-position increases potency at SERT but decreases potency at NET and DAT, resulting in selectivity for SERT. The TFMAPs might have a therapeutic value for a variety of medical and psychiatric conditions and may have lower abuse liability compared to methcathinone due to their decreased DAT activity. PMID:23178523

  13. Transmission performance of one waveguide and double micro-ring resonator using 3×3 optical fiber coupler

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhao, Chao Ying; Tan, Wei Han

    2016-09-01

    This paper investigates theoretically the transmission characteristics of one waveguide and double micro-ring resonator using 3 × 3 optical fibre coupler. Our analytical solution of transmittance is suitable for either linearly distributed coupler or circularly symmetric distributed coupler. The all-optical analogue to electromagnetic inducted transparency spectrum of one waveguide and double micro-ring resonators can be controlled by changing the coupling strength between waveguide and micro-rings, the absorption coefficient around micro-rings, as well as the asymmetric coupling coefficients between non-adjacent waveguides. The curves show that the transitions of transmission spectra sensitively depend on asymmetric coupling coefficients.

  14. Diallyl 5-[(4-hexyl­oxyphen­yl)imino­meth­yl]-m-phenyl­ene dicarbonate

    PubMed Central

    Herrera-González, Ana María; López-Velázquez, Delia; Bernès, Sylvain

    2009-01-01

    The title mol­ecule, C27H31NO7, an imine derivative bearing both carbonate and allyl functionalities, was synthesized in the hope of obtaining a mesogenic polymerizable material. The allyl­carbonate arms are fully disordered over two sets of sites, reflecting a large degree of rotational freedom about σ bonds [occupancies: 0.665 (9)/0.335 (9) for one substituent, 0.564 (9)/0.436 (9) for the other]. In contrast, the hexyl chain is ordered, and presents the common all-trans extended conformation. The benzene rings connected via the imine group make a dihedral angle of 9.64 (11)°. In the crystal, the Y-shaped mol­ecules are weakly associated into centrosymmetric dimers through pairs of C—H⋯O(hex­yl) contacts. The resulting layers of dimers, approximately parallel to (25), are closely packed in the crystal, allowing π⋯π inter­actions between benzene rings of neighboring layers: the separation between the centroid of the benzene ring substituted by allyl­carbonate and the centroid of the benzene ring bearing the hex­yloxy group in the adjacent layer is 3.895 (1) Å. PMID:21578402

  15. Helmet latching and attaching ring

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Chase, E. W.; Viikinsalo, S. J. (Inventor)

    1970-01-01

    A neck ring releasably secured to a pressurized garment carries an open-ended ring normally in the engagement position fitted into an annular groove and adapted to fit into a complementary annular groove formed in a helmet. Camming means formed on the inner surface at the end of the helmet engages the open-ended ring to retract the same and allow for one motion donning even when the garment is pressurized. A projection on the end of the split ring is engageable to physically retract the split ring.

  16. Organophosphazenes. 18. Friedel-Crafts Phenylation Reactions of Alkyl and Nimethylamino Fluorocyclotriphosphazenes.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1984-11-15

    ag, o.. a RIM COMAS.,A, Organophosphazenes, 18 . Friedel-Crafts Technical Report Phenylation Reactions of Alkyl and Nimethylaming...Organophosphatenes. 18 . Frliedel-Crafts Phenylation Reactions of Alkyl and Dimethylauino Fluorocyclotriphoaphazenes Christopher Wf. Allen, Scott...intensities were .................. .... . - ..-...--. - . . * -..-....- °.- 6 corrected accordingly. The structure was solved by direct methods (MULTAN80) 18

  17. 40 CFR 721.1555 - Substituted phenyl azo substituted benzenediazonium salt.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... benzenediazonium salt. 721.1555 Section 721.1555 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY... Specific Chemical Substances § 721.1555 Substituted phenyl azo substituted benzenediazonium salt. (a... generically as a substituted phenyl azo substituted benzenediazonium salt (PMN P-92-652) is subject...

  18. 40 CFR 721.9545 - Substituted phenyl azo substituted sulfocarbopolycle, sodium salt.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... sulfocarbopolycle, sodium salt. 721.9545 Section 721.9545 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY... Specific Chemical Substances § 721.9545 Substituted phenyl azo substituted sulfocarbopolycle, sodium salt... identified generically as a substituted phenyl azo substituted sulfocarbopolycle, sodium salt (PMN...

  19. 40 CFR 721.1555 - Substituted phenyl azo substituted benzenediazonium salt.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... benzenediazonium salt. 721.1555 Section 721.1555 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY... Specific Chemical Substances § 721.1555 Substituted phenyl azo substituted benzenediazonium salt. (a... generically as a substituted phenyl azo substituted benzenediazonium salt (PMN P-92-652) is subject...

  20. 40 CFR 721.9545 - Substituted phenyl azo substituted sulfocarbopolycle, sodium salt.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... sulfocarbopolycle, sodium salt. 721.9545 Section 721.9545 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY... Specific Chemical Substances § 721.9545 Substituted phenyl azo substituted sulfocarbopolycle, sodium salt... identified generically as a substituted phenyl azo substituted sulfocarbopolycle, sodium salt (PMN...

  1. 40 CFR 721.4840 - Substituted tri-phenyl-meth-ane.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 30 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Substituted tri-phenyl-meth-ane. 721.4840 Section 721.4840 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) TOXIC... Substances § 721.4840 Substituted tri-phenyl-meth-ane. (a) Chemical substance and significant new...

  2. 40 CFR 721.4840 - Substituted tri-phenyl-meth-ane.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 31 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Substituted tri-phenyl-meth-ane. 721.4840 Section 721.4840 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) TOXIC... Substances § 721.4840 Substituted tri-phenyl-meth-ane. (a) Chemical substance and significant new...

  3. 40 CFR 721.4840 - Substituted tri-phenyl-meth-ane.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 32 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Substituted tri-phenyl-meth-ane. 721.4840 Section 721.4840 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) TOXIC... Substances § 721.4840 Substituted tri-phenyl-meth-ane. (a) Chemical substance and significant new...

  4. 40 CFR 721.4840 - Substituted tri-phenyl-meth-ane.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 32 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Substituted tri-phenyl-meth-ane. 721.4840 Section 721.4840 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) TOXIC... Substances § 721.4840 Substituted tri-phenyl-meth-ane. (a) Chemical substance and significant new...

  5. 40 CFR 721.4840 - Substituted tri-phenyl-meth-ane.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 31 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Substituted tri-phenyl-meth-ane. 721.4840 Section 721.4840 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) TOXIC... Substances § 721.4840 Substituted tri-phenyl-meth-ane. (a) Chemical substance and significant new...

  6. 40 CFR 721.275 - Halogenated-N-(2-propenyl)-N-(substituted phenyl) acetamide.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 30 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Halogenated-N-(2-propenyl)-N... New Uses for Specific Chemical Substances § 721.275 Halogenated-N-(2-propenyl)-N-(substituted phenyl... identified generically as halogenated-N-(2-propenyl)-N-(substituted phenyl) acetamide (P-83-1085) is...

  7. 40 CFR 721.275 - Halogenated-N-(2-propenyl)-N-(substituted phenyl) acetamide.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 32 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Halogenated-N-(2-propenyl)-N... New Uses for Specific Chemical Substances § 721.275 Halogenated-N-(2-propenyl)-N-(substituted phenyl... identified generically as halogenated-N-(2-propenyl)-N-(substituted phenyl) acetamide (P-83-1085) is...

  8. 40 CFR 721.275 - Halogenated-N-(2-propenyl)-N-(substituted phenyl) acetamide.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 31 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Halogenated-N-(2-propenyl)-N... New Uses for Specific Chemical Substances § 721.275 Halogenated-N-(2-propenyl)-N-(substituted phenyl... identified generically as halogenated-N-(2-propenyl)-N-(substituted phenyl) acetamide (P-83-1085) is...

  9. 40 CFR 721.275 - Halogenated-N-(2-propenyl)-N-(substituted phenyl) acetamide.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 32 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Halogenated-N-(2-propenyl)-N... New Uses for Specific Chemical Substances § 721.275 Halogenated-N-(2-propenyl)-N-(substituted phenyl... identified generically as halogenated-N-(2-propenyl)-N-(substituted phenyl) acetamide (P-83-1085) is...

  10. 40 CFR 721.1555 - Substituted phenyl azo substituted benzenediazonium salt.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... benzenediazonium salt. 721.1555 Section 721.1555 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY... Specific Chemical Substances § 721.1555 Substituted phenyl azo substituted benzenediazonium salt. (a... generically as a substituted phenyl azo substituted benzenediazonium salt (PMN P-92-652) is subject...

  11. 40 CFR 721.9545 - Substituted phenyl azo substituted sulfocarbopolycle, sodium salt.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... sulfocarbopolycle, sodium salt. 721.9545 Section 721.9545 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY... Specific Chemical Substances § 721.9545 Substituted phenyl azo substituted sulfocarbopolycle, sodium salt... identified generically as a substituted phenyl azo substituted sulfocarbopolycle, sodium salt (PMN...

  12. 40 CFR 721.1555 - Substituted phenyl azo substituted benzenediazonium salt.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... benzenediazonium salt. 721.1555 Section 721.1555 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY... Specific Chemical Substances § 721.1555 Substituted phenyl azo substituted benzenediazonium salt. (a... generically as a substituted phenyl azo substituted benzenediazonium salt (PMN P-92-652) is subject...

  13. 40 CFR 721.1555 - Substituted phenyl azo substituted benzenediazonium salt.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... benzenediazonium salt. 721.1555 Section 721.1555 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY... Specific Chemical Substances § 721.1555 Substituted phenyl azo substituted benzenediazonium salt. (a... generically as a substituted phenyl azo substituted benzenediazonium salt (PMN P-92-652) is subject...

  14. 40 CFR 721.9545 - Substituted phenyl azo substituted sulfocarbopolycle, sodium salt.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... sulfocarbopolycle, sodium salt. 721.9545 Section 721.9545 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY... Specific Chemical Substances § 721.9545 Substituted phenyl azo substituted sulfocarbopolycle, sodium salt... identified generically as a substituted phenyl azo substituted sulfocarbopolycle, sodium salt (PMN...

  15. 40 CFR 721.9545 - Substituted phenyl azo substituted sulfocarbopolycle, sodium salt.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... sulfocarbopolycle, sodium salt. 721.9545 Section 721.9545 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY... Specific Chemical Substances § 721.9545 Substituted phenyl azo substituted sulfocarbopolycle, sodium salt... identified generically as a substituted phenyl azo substituted sulfocarbopolycle, sodium salt (PMN...

  16. 40 CFR 721.275 - Halogenated-N-(2-propenyl)-N-(substituted phenyl) acetamide.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 31 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Halogenated-N-(2-propenyl)-N... New Uses for Specific Chemical Substances § 721.275 Halogenated-N-(2-propenyl)-N-(substituted phenyl... identified generically as halogenated-N-(2-propenyl)-N-(substituted phenyl) acetamide (P-83-1085) is...

  17. Synthesis, antitubercular, antifungal and antibacterial activities of 6-substituted phenyl-2-(3'-substituted phenyl pyridazin-6'-yl)-2,3,4,5-tetrahydropyridazin-3-one.

    PubMed

    Islam, Mojahidul; Siddiqui, Anees A; Rajesh, Ramadoss

    2008-01-01

    A series of 6-substituted phenyl-2-(3'-substituted phenyl pyridazin-6'-yl)-2,3,4,5-tetrahydropyridazin-3-ones has been synthesized. An appropriate aromatic hydrocarbon reacts with succinic anhydride in presence of AlCl3 to yield beta-aroyl propionic acid. The corresponding acid was cyclized with hydrazine hydrate to give 6-(substituted aryl)-2,3,4,5-tetrahydro-3-pyridazinone, which was heated on steam bath with phosphorus(V) oxychloride to yield 3-chloro 6-substituted phenyl pyridazine. This intermediate after reaction with hydrazine hydrate was converted into 3-hydrazino-6-substituted phenyl pyridazine. The resulting product was converted into 6-substituted phenyl-2-(3'-substituted phenyl pyridazin-6'-yl)-2,3,4,5-tetrahydropyridazin-3-one by reacting with substituted aroyl propionic acid. Spectral data (IR, NMR, mass spectra) confirmed the structures of the synthesized compounds. The synthesized compounds were investigated for their in vitro antitubercular, antifungal and antibacterial activities. The results indicated that the synthesized compounds have mild to potent activities with reference to their appropriate reference standards.

  18. Mass of Saturn's A ring

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Horn, L. J.; Russell, C. T.

    1993-01-01

    The mass of Saturn's A ring is reestimated using the behavior of spiral density waves embedded in the ring. The Voyager photopolarimeter (PPS) observed the star delta-Scorpii as it was occulted by Saturn's rings during the Voyager 2 flyby of Saturn in 1981 producing a radial profile of the rings. We examined forty spiral density waves in the Voyager PPS data of the A ring including 10 weaker waves that have not been previously analyzed by means of an autoregressive power spectral technique called Burg. The strengths of this new method for ring studies are that weaker, less extended waves are easily detected and characterized. This method is also the first one which does not require precise knowledge of the resonance location and phase of the wave in order to calculate the surface mass density. Uncertainties of up to 3 km are present in the currently available radial scales for Saturn's rings.

  19. A season in Saturn's rings: Cycling, recycling and ring history

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Esposito, L. W.; Meinke, B. K.; Albers, N.; Sremcevic, M.

    2012-04-01

    Cassini experiments have watched Saturn's ring system evolve before our eyes. Images and occultations show changes and transient events. The rings are a dynamic and complex geophysical system, incompletely modeled as a single-phase fluid. Key Cassini observations: High resolution images show straw, propellers, embedded moonlets, and F ring objects. Multiple UVIS, RSS and VIMS occutlations indicate multimodal ringlet and edge structure, including free and forced modes along with stochastic perturbations that are most likely caused by nearby mass concentrations. Vertical excursions are evident at ring edges and in other perturbed regions. The rings are occasionally hit by meteorites that leave a signature that may last centuries; meteoritic dust pollutes the rings. Temperature, reflectance and transmission spectra are influenced by the dynamical state of the ring particles. Saturn's Equinox 2009: Oblique lighting exposed vertical structure and embedded objects. The rings were the coldest ever. Images inspired new occultation and spectral analysis that show abundant structure in the perturbed regions. The rings are more variable and complex than we had expected prior to this seasonal viewing geometry. Sub-kilometer structure in power spectral analysis: Wavelet analysis shows features in the strongest density waves and at the shepherded outer edge of the B ring. Edges are variable as shown by multiple occultations and occultations of double stars. F ring kittens: 25 features seen in the first 102 occultations show a weak correlation with Prometheus location. We interpret these features as temporary aggregations. Simulation results indicate that accretion must be enhanced to match the kittens' size distribution. Images show that Prometheus triggers the formation of transient objects. Propellers and ghosts: Occulations and images provide evidence for small moonlets in the A, B and C rings. These indicate accretion occurs inside the classical Roche limit. Implications

  20. Learning Non-Adjacent Regularities at Age 0 ; 7

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gervain, Judit; Werker, Janet F.

    2013-01-01

    One important mechanism suggested to underlie the acquisition of grammar is rule learning. Indeed, infants aged 0 ; 7 are able to learn rules based on simple identity relations (adjacent repetitions, ABB: "wo fe fe" and non-adjacent repetitions, ABA: "wo fe wo", respectively; Marcus et al., 1999). One unexplored issue is…

  1. View of north side from exterior stairs of adjacent building, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    View of north side from exterior stairs of adjacent building, bottom cut off by fringed buildings, view facing south-southwest - U.S. Naval Base, Pearl Harbor, Industrial X-Ray Building, Off Sixth Street, adjacent to and south of Facility No. 11, Pearl City, Honolulu County, HI

  2. A Study of the Pronunciation of Words Containing Adjacent Vowels.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Greif, Ivo P.

    To determine the usefulness of the commonly taught phonics rule, "only pronounce the first vowel in words that contain adjacent vowels" (the VV rule, with the first "v" pronounced with the long vowel sound), two new studies applied it to words with adjacent vowels in several lists and dictionaries. The first study analyzed words containing…

  3. 47 CFR 90.221 - Adjacent channel power limits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 5 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Adjacent channel power limits. 90.221 Section 90.221 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) SAFETY AND SPECIAL RADIO SERVICES PRIVATE LAND MOBILE RADIO SERVICES General Technical Standards § 90.221 Adjacent channel...

  4. 47 CFR 90.221 - Adjacent channel power limits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 5 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Adjacent channel power limits. 90.221 Section 90.221 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) SAFETY AND SPECIAL RADIO SERVICES PRIVATE LAND MOBILE RADIO SERVICES General Technical Standards § 90.221 Adjacent channel...

  5. 30 CFR 57.14109 - Unguarded conveyors with adjacent travelways.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Unguarded conveyors with adjacent travelways... conveyors with adjacent travelways. Unguarded conveyors next to travelways shall be equipped with— (a) Emergency stop devices which are located so that a person falling on or against the conveyor can...

  6. 30 CFR 56.14109 - Unguarded conveyors with adjacent travelways.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Unguarded conveyors with adjacent travelways... MINES Machinery and Equipment Safety Devices and Maintenance Requirements § 56.14109 Unguarded conveyors with adjacent travelways. Unguarded conveyors next to the travelways shall be equipped with—...

  7. 30 CFR 56.14109 - Unguarded conveyors with adjacent travelways.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Unguarded conveyors with adjacent travelways... MINES Machinery and Equipment Safety Devices and Maintenance Requirements § 56.14109 Unguarded conveyors with adjacent travelways. Unguarded conveyors next to the travelways shall be equipped with—...

  8. 30 CFR 57.14109 - Unguarded conveyors with adjacent travelways.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Unguarded conveyors with adjacent travelways... conveyors with adjacent travelways. Unguarded conveyors next to travelways shall be equipped with— (a) Emergency stop devices which are located so that a person falling on or against the conveyor can...

  9. 30 CFR 56.14109 - Unguarded conveyors with adjacent travelways.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Unguarded conveyors with adjacent travelways... MINES Machinery and Equipment Safety Devices and Maintenance Requirements § 56.14109 Unguarded conveyors with adjacent travelways. Unguarded conveyors next to the travelways shall be equipped with—...

  10. 30 CFR 57.14109 - Unguarded conveyors with adjacent travelways.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Unguarded conveyors with adjacent travelways... conveyors with adjacent travelways. Unguarded conveyors next to travelways shall be equipped with— (a) Emergency stop devices which are located so that a person falling on or against the conveyor can...

  11. 30 CFR 56.14109 - Unguarded conveyors with adjacent travelways.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Unguarded conveyors with adjacent travelways... MINES Machinery and Equipment Safety Devices and Maintenance Requirements § 56.14109 Unguarded conveyors with adjacent travelways. Unguarded conveyors next to the travelways shall be equipped with—...

  12. 30 CFR 56.14109 - Unguarded conveyors with adjacent travelways.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Unguarded conveyors with adjacent travelways... MINES Machinery and Equipment Safety Devices and Maintenance Requirements § 56.14109 Unguarded conveyors with adjacent travelways. Unguarded conveyors next to the travelways shall be equipped with—...

  13. 30 CFR 57.14109 - Unguarded conveyors with adjacent travelways.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Unguarded conveyors with adjacent travelways... conveyors with adjacent travelways. Unguarded conveyors next to travelways shall be equipped with— (a) Emergency stop devices which are located so that a person falling on or against the conveyor can...

  14. 30 CFR 57.14109 - Unguarded conveyors with adjacent travelways.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Unguarded conveyors with adjacent travelways... conveyors with adjacent travelways. Unguarded conveyors next to travelways shall be equipped with— (a) Emergency stop devices which are located so that a person falling on or against the conveyor can...

  15. Ring cleavage of sulfur heterocycles: how does it happen?

    PubMed

    Bressler, D C; Norman, J A; Fedorak, P M

    Sulfur heterocycles are common constituents of petroleum and liquids derived from coal, and they are found in some secondary metabolites of microorganisms and plants. They exist primarily as saturated rings and thiophenes. There are two major objectives driving investigations of the microbial metabolism of organosulfur compounds. One is the quest to develop a process for biodesulfurization of fossil fuels, and the other is to understand the fates of organosulfur compounds in petroleum- or creosote-contaminated environments which is important in assessing bioremediation processes. For these processes to be successful, cleavage of different types of sulfur heterocyclic rings is paramount. This paper reviews the evidence for microbial ring cleavage of a variety of organosulfur compounds and discusses the few well-studied cases which have shown that the C-S bond is most susceptible to breakage leading to disruption of the ring. In most cases, the introduction of one or more oxygen atom(s) onto the adjacent C atom and/or onto the S atom weakens the C-S bond, facilitating its cleavage. Although much is known about the thiophene ring cleavage in dibenzothiophene, there is still a great deal to be learned about the cleavage of other sulfur heterocycles.

  16. New Views of Jupiter's Rings

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Burns, J. A.

    1998-09-01

    Jupiter's rings are the archetype of ethereal planetary rings (very-low optical-depth bands containing micron-sized "dust"). As a result of much improved observations by Galileo (Ockert-Bell* -- most citations are et al. and Icarus in press* or this meeting) and Keck (de Pater*), we now understand the nature of such rings. The ring has three components: a 104 km-thick toroidal halo (1.4-1.7 RJ; normal optical depth t = 10-6), a thin main ring (1.7-1.8 RJ; t = 10-6), and a pair of exterior gossamer rings (1.8-3.5RJ; t = 10-7). The main ring has patchy ( 20-30 percent) brightness. The ring is reddish and its particles satisfy a -2.5 differential power-law size distribution. Because particle lifetimes are brief, the rings must be continually regenerated, by collisions into parent bodies, which may be unseen or may be the known small ring-moons (Thomas*, Simonelli). The gossamer ring seems to be collisional ejecta derived from the ring-moons Amalthea and Thebe, and evolving inward by Poynting-Robertson drag (Burns). The particles drift through many electromagnetic resonances, clustering around synchronous orbit, which produce jumps in the particles' inclinations (Hamilton). The main ring is probably debris from Adrastea and Metis, which orbit in the equatorial plane. The halo particles are driven vertically by electromagnetic forces, which may be resonant (Schaffer & Burns) or not (Horanyi & Cravens). When halo orbits become highly distorted, particles are lost into Jupiter. Similar faint rings may be attendant to all small, close-in satellites (Showalter).

  17. 6-Isopropyl-3-phenyl-5-(p-tol­yloxy)-3H-1,2,3-triazolo[4,5-d]pyrimidin-7(6H)-one: whole-mol­ecule disorder

    PubMed Central

    Zeng, Xiao-Hua; Deng, Shou-Heng; Chen, Ping; Wang, Hong-Mei; Gao, Hai-Tao

    2009-01-01

    The title compound, C20H19N5O2, exhibits whole-mol­ecule disorder the refined ratios of the two components being 0.57 (2):0.43 (2). In the major component, the essentially planar [maximum deviation 0.033 (17) Å] fused pyrimidine and triazole ring system forms a dihedral angle of 10.5 (3)° with the phenyl ring, while in the minor component of disorder this angle is 27.5 (5)°. The crystal structure is stabilized by π–π stacking inter­actions between symmetry-related triazole and pyrimidine rings, with centroid–centroid distances of 3.594 (10) Å. PMID:21578267

  18. Crystal structure of bis-[(phenyl-methanamine-κN)(phthalocyaninato-κ(4) N)zinc] phenyl-methan-amine tris-olvate.

    PubMed

    Shamsudin, Norzianah; Tan, Ai Ling; Wimmer, Franz L; Young, David J; Tiekink, Edward R T

    2015-09-01

    The asymmetric unit of the title compound, 2[Zn(C32H16N8)(C7H9N)]·3C7H9N, comprises two independent complex mol-ecules and three benzyl-amine solvent mol-ecules. Each complex mol-ecule features a penta-coordinated Zn(2+) ion within a square-pyramidal geometry, whereby the N5 donor set is defined by four atoms of the phthalocyaninate dianion (PC) and an N-bound benzyl-amine mol-ecule; it is the relative orientations of the latter that differentiate between the independent complex mol-ecules. The uncoordinated benzyl-amine mol-ecules display different conformations in the structure, with syn-Car-Car-Cm-N (ar = aromatic, m = methyl-ene) torsion angles spanning the range -28.7 (10) to 35.1 (14)°. In the crystal, N-H⋯N and N-H⋯π inter-actions lead to supra-molecular layers in the ab plane. The layers have a zigzag topology, have the coordinating and non-coordinating benzyl-amine mol-ecules directed to the inside, and present the essentially flat PC resides to the outside. This arrangement enables adjacent layers to associate via π-π inter-actions [inter-centroid distance between pyrrolyl and fused-benzene rings = 3.593 (2) Å] so that a three-dimensional architecture is formed.

  19. Amidinate aluminium complexes: synthesis, characterization and ring-opening polymerization of rac-lactide.

    PubMed

    Qian, Feng; Liu, Keyin; Ma, Haiyan

    2010-09-14

    A series of aluminium alkyl complexes {PhC(NR')(NR'')}AlR(2) (4a-n, R' = 2,6-(i)Pr(2)C(6)H(3), 2,6-Me(2)C(6)H(3); R'' = aryl groups with various ortho-, para- or meta-substituents, tert-butyl; R = methyl, ethyl) bearing non-symmetrically N-substituted benzamidinate ligands were synthesized via the reaction of trialkylaluminium and the corresponding benzamidine proligands. Complex 5 bearing symmetric amidinate ligand was also obtained for comparison purposes. The X-ray diffraction studies of complexes 4b, 4c and 5 show in each case a distorted tetrahedral geometry around the aluminium center. All the amidinate aluminium complexes were found to catalyze the ring-opening polymerization (ROP) of rac-lactide with moderate activities. The steric and electronic characteristics of the ancillary ligands have a significant influence on the polymerization performance of the corresponding aluminium complexes. The introduction of electron-withdrawing substituents at the ortho-positions of N-phenyl ring of the ligands resulted in an obvious increase in catalytic activity. Complex 4b showed the highest activity among the investigated aluminium complexes due to the high electrophilicity of the metal center induced by the ortho-chloro substituents on the phenyl ring. The existence of ortho-substituents of small steric bulkiness is also beneficial for the increase of activity of these catalysts. However, further increase of steric hindrance of the ligands by introducing bulky ortho-substituents onto the phenyl moieties resulted in a decrease of activity and an increase in the isotactic bias of the obtained polylactides. The broad molecular weight distributions (PDI = 1.13-2.02) of the polymer samples indicated that the ROP of rac-lactide initiated by these complexes was not well-controlled.

  20. Tree Rings: Timekeepers of the Past.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Phipps, R. L.; McGowan, J.

    One of a series of general interest publications on science issues, this booklet describes the uses of tree rings in historical and biological recordkeeping. Separate sections cover the following topics: dating of tree rings, dating with tree rings, tree ring formation, tree ring identification, sample collections, tree ring cross dating, tree…

  1. Ring currents in azulene

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Paxton, A. T.; Todorov, T. N.; Elena, A. M.

    2009-11-01

    We propose a self consistent polarisable ion tight binding theory for the study of push-pull processes in aromatic molecules. We find that the method quantitatively reproduces ab initio calculations of dipole moments and polarisability. We apply the scheme in a simulation which solves the time dependent Schrödinger equation to follow the relaxation of azulene from the second excited to the ground states. We observe rather spectacular oscillating ring currents which we explain in terms of interference between the HOMO and LUMO states.

  2. Wave structure in planetary rings

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Horn, Linda Joyce

    1992-01-01

    Planetary rings contain a wealth of wavelike structure that is driven by gravitational resonance interactions with nearby satellites. Wave behavior is a powerful tool for estimating physical ring parameters that are key to our understanding of ring origin and evolution. A new technique, utilizing the Burg autoregressive power spectral algorithm, was developed for probing the physical characteristics of rings and for detecting waves that are not otherwise visible. Data from the Voyager photopolarimeter (PPS) stellar occultations by the rings of Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune and the Voyager radio science (RSS) occultation by Saturn's rings were used. Local surface mass density estimates are obtained from the dispersion of 40 spiral density waves in Saturn's A ring, including 10 weaker waves not previously analyzed. Surface mass densities vary from 20 to 60 gm sq cm. Increasing optical depth is not correlated with increasing surface mass density, especially after the Keeler gap, suggesting that ring particle size and composition are not uniform throughout the A ring. Saturn's A ring mass is reestimated using the surface mass densities and is 5.2 +/- 1.3 x 1021 gm. The wakes of Saturn's satellite Pan are not short timescale phenomena because the effects of Pan's gravitational perturbations persist for more than one Pan encounter. Four additional Pan wakes were discovered at longitudes greater than 360 deg. Collective effects such as collisions modify the wake dispersion more extensively at greater longitudes. Pan is the dominant mass in the Encke gap. A spiral density wave was detected inside the Uranian delta ring. Upper and lower bounds were estimated for the surface mass density of the delta ring 5 less than or equal to sigma less than or equal to 10 gm/sq cm, the viscosity 10 less than or equal to nu less than or equal to 40 sq cm/sec, and the local ring height 7 less than or equal to h less than or equal to 20 m. These values are comparable to the corresponding

  3. New insights in the discovery of novel h-MAO-B inhibitors: structural characterization of a series of N-phenyl-4-oxo-4H-chromene-3-carboxamide derivatives

    PubMed Central

    Gomes, Ligia R.; Low, John Nicolson; Cagide, Fernando; Chavarria, Daniel; Borges, Fernanda

    2015-01-01

    Six N-substituted-phenyl 4-oxo-4H-chromene-3-carboxamides, namely N-(2-nitro­phen­yl)-4-oxo-4H-chromene-3-carboxamide, C16H10N2O5 (2b), N-(3-meth­oxy­phen­yl)-4-oxo-4H-chromene-3-carboxamide, C17H13NO4, (3a), N-(3-bromo­phen­yl)-4-oxo-4H-chromene-3-carboxamide, C16H10BrNO3, (3b), N-(4-methoxy­phen­yl)-4-oxo-4H-chromene-3-carboxamide, C17H13NO4, (4a), N-(4-methyl­phen­yl)-4-oxo-4H-chromene-3-carboxamide, C17H13NO3, (4d), and N-(4-hy­droxy­phen­yl)-4-oxo-4H-chromene-3-carboxamide, C16H11NO4, (4e), have been structurally characterized. All compounds exhibit an anti conformation with respect to the C—N rotamer of the amide and a trans-related conformation with the carbonyl groups of the chromone ring of the amide. These structures present an intra­molecular hydrogen-bonded network comprising an N—H⋯O hydrogen bond between the amide N atom and the O atom of the carbonyl group of the pyrone ring, forming an S(6) ring, and a weak Car—H⋯O hydrogen bond in which the carbonyl group of the amide acts as acceptor for the H atom of an ortho-C atom of the exocyclic phenyl ring, which results in another S(6) ring. The N—H⋯O intra­molecular hydrogen bond constrains the carboxamide moiety such that it is virtually coplanar with the chromone ring. PMID:25995877

  4. Enhanced biological activity of carotenoids stabilized by phenyl groups.

    PubMed

    You, Ji Suk; Jeon, Sunhwa; Byun, Youn Jung; Koo, Sangho; Choi, Shin Sik

    2015-06-15

    Carotenoids are lipid soluble food ingredients with multifunction including antioxidant and anticancer activities. However, carotenoids are destructively oxidized upon reaction with radicals resulting in toxic effects on biological systems. Two synthetic carotenoids (BAS and BTS) containing the aromatic phenyl groups with a para-substituent (OMe and Me, respectively) at C-13 and C-13' position were prepared in order to overcome a structural instability of carotenoid. Both BAS and BTS exerted stronger radical scavenging activity than β-carotene in DPPH and ABTS assays. In particular, BTS significantly reduced in vivo ROS (reactive oxygen species) levels and improved body growth and reproduction of Caenorhabditiselegans. BTS has a great potential for the advanced and modified carotenoid material with stability leading to enhanced bioavailability.

  5. Novel nonsecosteroidal VDR agonists with phenyl-pyrrolyl pentane skeleton.

    PubMed

    Shen, Wei; Xue, Jingwei; Zhao, Zekai; Zhang, Can

    2013-11-01

    In order to find the vitamin D receptor (VDR) ligand whose VDR agonistic activity is separated from the calcemic activity sufficiently, novel nonsecosteroidal analogs with phenyl-pyrrolyl pentane skeleton were synthesized and evaluated for the VDR binding affinity, antiproliferative activity in vitro and serum calcium raising ability in vivo (tacalcitol used as control). Among them, several compounds showed varying degrees of VDR agonistic and growth inhibition activities of the tested cell lines. The most effective compound 2g (EC₅₀: 1.06 nM) exhibited stronger VDR agonistic activity than tacalcitol (EC₅₀: 7.05 nM), inhibited the proliferations of HaCaT and MCF-7 cells with IC₅₀ of 2.06 μM and 0.307 μM (tacalcitol: 2.07 μM and 0.057 μM) and showed no significant effect on serum calcium.

  6. Spiral and Rotor Patterns Produced by Fairy Ring Fungi

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Karst, N.; Dralle, D.; Thompson, S. E.

    2015-12-01

    Soil fungi fill many essential ecological and biogeochemical roles, e.g. decomposing litter, redistributing nutrients, and promoting biodiversity. Fairy ring fungi offer a rare glimpse into the otherwise opaque spatiotemporal dynamics of soil fungal growth, because subsurface mycelial patterns can be inferred from observations at the soil's surface. These observations can be made directly when the fungi send up fruiting bodies (e.g., mushrooms and toadstools), or indirectly via the effect the fungi have on neighboring organisms. Grasses in particular often temporarily thrive on the nutrients liberated by the fungus, creating bands of rich, dark green turf at the edge of the fungal mat. To date, only annular (the "ring" in fairy ring) and arc patterns have been described in the literature. We report observations of novel spiral and rotor pattern formation in fairy ring fungi, as seen in publically available high-resolution aerial imagery of 22 sites across the continental United States. To explain these new behaviors, we first demonstrate that a well-known model describing fairy ring formation is equivalent to the Gray-Scott reaction-diffusion model, which is known to support a wide range of dynamical behaviors, including annular traveling waves, rotors, spirals, and stable spatial patterns including spots and stripes. Bifurcation analysis and numerical simulation are then used to define the region of parameter space that supports spiral and rotor formation. We find that this region is adjacent to one within which typical fairy rings develop. Model results suggest simple experimental procedures that could potentially induce traditional ring structures to exhibit rotor or spiral dynamics. Intriguingly, the Gray-Scott model predicts that these same procedures could be used to solicit even richer patterns, including spots and stripes, which have not yet been identified in the field.

  7. Spiral and Rotor Patterns Produced by Fairy Ring Fungi

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Karst, N.; Dralle, D.; Thompson, S. E.

    2014-12-01

    Soil fungi fill many essential ecological and biogeochemical roles, e.g. decomposing litter, redistributing nutrients, and promoting biodiversity. Fairy ring fungi offer a rare glimpse into the otherwise opaque spatiotemporal dynamics of soil fungal growth, because subsurface mycelial patterns can be inferred from observations at the soil's surface. These observations can be made directly when the fungi send up fruiting bodies (e.g., mushrooms and toadstools), or indirectly via the effect the fungi have on neighboring organisms. Grasses in particular often temporarily thrive on the nutrients liberated by the fungus, creating bands of rich, dark green turf at the edge of the fungal mat. To date, only annular (the "ring" in fairy ring) and arc patterns have been described in the literature. We report observations of novel spiral and rotor pattern formation in fairy ring fungi, as seen in publically available high-resolution aerial imagery of 22 sites across the continental United States. To explain these new behaviors, we first demonstrate that a well-known model describing fairy ring formation is equivalent to the Gray-Scott reaction-diffusion model, which is known to support a wide range of dynamical behaviors, including annular traveling waves, rotors, spirals, and stable spatial patterns including spots and stripes. Bifurcation analysis and numerical simulation are then used to define the region of parameter space that supports spiral and rotor formation. We find that this region is adjacent to one within which typical fairy rings develop. Model results suggest simple experimental procedures that could potentially induce traditional ring structures to exhibit rotor or spiral dynamics. Intriguingly, the Gray-Scott model predicts that these same procedures could be used to solicit even richer patterns, including spots and stripes, which have not yet been identified in the field.

  8. 40 CFR 721.984 - Amino-hydroxy sulfonaphthylazo-disubstituted phenyl azo benzene carboxylate salt (generic).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...-disubstituted phenyl azo benzene carboxylate salt (generic). 721.984 Section 721.984 Protection of Environment...-disubstituted phenyl azo benzene carboxylate salt (generic). (a) Chemical substance and significant new uses...-disubstituted phenyl azo benzene carboxylate salt (PMN P-00-0351) is subject to reporting under this section...

  9. 40 CFR 721.984 - Amino-hydroxy sulfonaphthylazo-disubstituted phenyl azo benzene carboxylate salt (generic).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...-disubstituted phenyl azo benzene carboxylate salt (generic). 721.984 Section 721.984 Protection of Environment...-disubstituted phenyl azo benzene carboxylate salt (generic). (a) Chemical substance and significant new uses...-disubstituted phenyl azo benzene carboxylate salt (PMN P-00-0351) is subject to reporting under this section...

  10. 40 CFR 721.984 - Amino-hydroxy sulfonaphthylazo-disubstituted phenyl azo benzene carboxylate salt (generic).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...-disubstituted phenyl azo benzene carboxylate salt (generic). 721.984 Section 721.984 Protection of Environment...-disubstituted phenyl azo benzene carboxylate salt (generic). (a) Chemical substance and significant new uses...-disubstituted phenyl azo benzene carboxylate salt (PMN P-00-0351) is subject to reporting under this section...

  11. 40 CFR 721.984 - Amino-hydroxy sulfonaphthylazo-disubstituted phenyl azo benzene carboxylate salt (generic).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...-disubstituted phenyl azo benzene carboxylate salt (generic). 721.984 Section 721.984 Protection of Environment...-disubstituted phenyl azo benzene carboxylate salt (generic). (a) Chemical substance and significant new uses...-disubstituted phenyl azo benzene carboxylate salt (PMN P-00-0351) is subject to reporting under this section...

  12. 40 CFR 721.984 - Amino-hydroxy sulfonaphthylazo-disubstituted phenyl azo benzene carboxylate salt (generic).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...-disubstituted phenyl azo benzene carboxylate salt (generic). 721.984 Section 721.984 Protection of Environment...-disubstituted phenyl azo benzene carboxylate salt (generic). (a) Chemical substance and significant new uses...-disubstituted phenyl azo benzene carboxylate salt (PMN P-00-0351) is subject to reporting under this section...

  13. 40 CFR 721.10409 - Poly(oxyalkylenediyl), .alpha.-[[[methyl-3-[[[(polyfluoroalkyl)oxy]carbonyl] amino]phenyl]amino...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ....- carbonyl] amino]phenyl]amino]carbonyl]- .omega.-methoxy-(generic). 721.10409 Section 721.10409 Protection...(oxyalkylenediyl), .alpha.- carbonyl] amino]phenyl]amino]carbonyl]- .omega.-methoxy-(generic). (a) Chemical... as poly(oxyalkylenediyl), .alpha.- carbonyl]amino]phenyl]amino] carbonyl]-.omega.-methoxy- (PMN...

  14. 40 CFR 721.10409 - Poly(oxyalkylenediyl), .alpha.-[[[methyl-3-[[[(polyfluoroalkyl) oxy]carbonyl]amino]phenyl]amino...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ....- carbonyl]amino]phenyl]amino] carbonyl]-.omega.-methoxy- (generic). 721.10409 Section 721.10409 Protection...(oxyalkylenediyl), .alpha.- carbonyl]amino]phenyl]amino] carbonyl]-.omega.-methoxy- (generic). (a) Chemical... as poly(oxyalkylenediyl), .alpha.- carbonyl]amino]phenyl]amino] carbonyl]-.omega.-methoxy- (PMN...

  15. The Charging of Planetary Rings

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Graps, Amara L.; Horanyi, M.; Havnes, O.; Gruen, E.

    2008-09-01

    Planetary rings have an undeniable aesthetic appeal, resulting in media icons of ringed planets as descriptive of the planetary sciences field as a whole. Such far-reaching symbolism might not be misplaced, however, because planetary rings represent a fundamental class of planetary structure that invites interdisciplinary investigations from specialists in dust, gravitational, plasma, collisional, and radiative transfer physics, due to: its sub-micron to meters-sized particles, its immersion in the planet's magnetic field, its embedded moonlets and its close proximity to the ringed planet's ionosphere and innermost moons. As such, planetary rings are a metaphoric bridge through a wide range of planetary physical processes. Processes to charge ring particles have different relative dynamical effects, dependent upon the rings' particle sizes, and the ring's plasma, magnetic and gravitational environments. This presentation will review what is known about the charging parameters and processes of planetary rings, in particular the sum of the individual currents from the time-varying charge dQ/dt, of the planetary ring particle. The individual currents depend on the environmental plasma conditions: number density, flow speed, temperature, and mass for the currents: electron and ion capture from the plasma, ion currents to a moving grain, photoelectron emission, secondary electron emission, thermionic effects, with stochastic charging influencing all of the above. Since rings are an ensemble of particles, ("cloud" Ring), we will define an ensemble, and consider the above currents, including those for the smallest ring particles, the dust particles, to arrive at a table giving charge potential and other relevant parameters.

  16. Crystal structure of (E)-2-benzyl­idene-4-[(3-phenyl-4,5-di­hydro­isoxazol-5-yl)meth­yl]-2H-benzo[b][1,4]thia­zin-3(4H)-one

    PubMed Central

    Sebbar, Nada Kheira; Ellouz, Mohamed; Essassi, El Mokhtar; Saadi, Mohamed; El Ammari, Lahcen

    2015-01-01

    In the title compound, C25H20N2O2S, the di­hydro­isoxazole ring exhibits an envelope conformation with the methine atom being the flap, while the 1,4-thia­zine ring displays a screw-boat conformation. The six-membered ring fused to the 1,4-thia­zine ring makes dihedral angles of 63.04 (2) and 54.7 (2)° with the mean planes through the five-membered heterocycle and the attached phenyl ring, respectively. The phenyl group connected to the 1,4-thia­zine ring is disordered over two sites [major component = 0.57 (2)]. The most prominent inter­actions in the crystal structure are C—H⋯O hydrogen bonds that link mol­ecules, forming inversion dimers, and C—H⋯N hydrogen bonds that link the dimers into columns parallel to the b axis. PMID:26090204

  17. Buoyant Norbury's vortex rings

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Blyth, Mark; Rodriguez-Rodriguez, Javier; Salman, Hayder

    2014-11-01

    Norbury's vortices are a one-parameter family of axisymmetric vortex rings that are exact solutions to the Euler equations. Due to their relative simplicity, they are extensively used to model the behavior of real vortex rings found in experiments and in Nature. In this work, we extend the original formulation of the problem to include buoyancy effects for the case where the fluid that lies within the vortex has a different density to that of the ambient. In this modified formulation, buoyancy effects enter the problem through the baroclinic term of the vorticity equation. This permits an efficient numerical solution of the governing equation of motion in terms of a vortex contour method that tracks the evolution of the boundary of the vortex. Finally, we compare our numerical results with the theoretical analysis of the short-time evolution of a buoyant vortex. Funded by the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness through grant DPI2011-28356-C03-02 and by the London Mathematical Society.

  18. Storage ring injection

    SciTech Connect

    Burke, R.J.

    1980-01-01

    Some basic issues involved in injecting the beam into storage rings with the principal parameters of those studied at the workshop have been considered. The main conclusion is that straightforward adjustments of the storage ring parameters makes injection easy. The largest number of injected turns is fourteen, and the phase space dilution allowance seems adequate to ensure very small beam loss during injection. The adjustments also result in lower bending magnet fields, and high field superconducting magnets (e.g., 5 Tesla) are not necessary. The design changes do not necessarily affect the Keil-Schnell criterion for stability of the longitudinal microwave instability, although that criterion appears to be irrelevant. Because the beams are expected to be unstable, but with slow growth rates, the vacuum chamber impedances required to give equal risetimes for the various designs are compared for systems posing various degrees of difficulty for injection. Finally, the impact of the parameters on cost is noted, and a system is considered that cuts the length of the linac in half by using doubly charged ions.

  19. Ring Image Analyzer

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Strekalov, Dmitry V.

    2012-01-01

    Ring Image Analyzer software analyzes images to recognize elliptical patterns. It determines the ellipse parameters (axes ratio, centroid coordinate, tilt angle). The program attempts to recognize elliptical fringes (e.g., Newton Rings) on a photograph and determine their centroid position, the short-to-long-axis ratio, and the angle of rotation of the long axis relative to the horizontal direction on the photograph. These capabilities are important in interferometric imaging and control of surfaces. In particular, this program has been developed and applied for determining the rim shape of precision-machined optical whispering gallery mode resonators. The program relies on a unique image recognition algorithm aimed at recognizing elliptical shapes, but can be easily adapted to other geometric shapes. It is robust against non-elliptical details of the image and against noise. Interferometric analysis of precision-machined surfaces remains an important technological instrument in hardware development and quality analysis. This software automates and increases the accuracy of this technique. The software has been developed for the needs of an R&TD-funded project and has become an important asset for the future research proposal to NASA as well as other agencies.

  20. Ring current and radiation belts

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Williams, D. J.

    1987-01-01

    Studies performed during 1983-1986 on the ring current, the injection boundary model, and the radiation belts are discussed. The results of these studies yielded the first observations on the composition and charge state of the ring current throughout the ring-current energy range, and strong observational support for an injection-boundary model accounting for the origins of radiation-belt particles, the ring current, and substorm particles observed at R less than about 7 earth radii. In addition, the results have demonstrated that the detection of energetic neutral atoms generated by charge-exchange interactions between the ring current and the hydrogen geocorona can provide global images of the earth's ring current and its spatial and temporal evolution.

  1. Reversible Rings with Involutions and Some Minimalities

    PubMed Central

    Fakieh, W. M.; Nauman, S. K.

    2013-01-01

    In continuation of the recent developments on extended reversibilities on rings, we initiate here a study on reversible rings with involutions, or, in short, ∗-reversible rings. These rings are symmetric, reversible, reflexive, and semicommutative. In this note we will study some properties and examples of ∗-reversible rings. It is proved here that the polynomial rings of ∗-reversible rings may not be ∗-reversible. A criterion for rings which cannot adhere to any involution is developed and it is observed that a minimal noninvolutary ring is of order 4 and that a minimal noncommutative ∗-reversible ring is of order 16. PMID:24489510

  2. PIXE analysis of elements in gastric cancer and adjacent mucosa

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liu, Qixin; Zhong, Ming; Zhang, Xiaofeng; Yan, Lingnuo; Xu, Yongling; Ye, Simao

    1990-04-01

    The elemental regional distributions in 20 resected human stomach tissues were obtained using PIXE analysis. The samples were pathologically divided into four types: normal, adjacent mucosa A, adjacent mucosa B and cancer. The targets for PIXE analysis were prepared by wet digestion with a pressure bomb system. P, K, Fe, Cu, Zn and Se were measured and statistically analysed. We found significantly higher concentrations of P, K, Cu, Zn and a higher ratio of Cu compared to Zn in cancer tissue as compared with normal tissue, but statistically no significant difference between adjacent mucosa and cancer tissue was found.

  3. Thermoelastic response of thin metal films and their adjacent materials

    SciTech Connect

    Kang, S.; Yoon, Y.; Kim, J.; Kim, W.

    2013-01-14

    A pulsed laser beam applied to a thin metal film is capable of launching an acoustic wave due to thermal expansion. Heat transfer from the thin metal film to adjacent materials can also induce thermal expansion; thus, the properties of these adjacent materials (as well as the thin metal film) should be considered for a complete description of the thermoelastic response. Here, we show that adjacent materials with a small specific heat and large thermal expansion coefficient can generate an enhanced acoustic wave and we demonstrate a three-fold increase in the peak pressure of the generated acoustic wave on substitution of parylene for polydimethylsiloxane.

  4. The formation and evolution of moonlets in Saturn's F ring

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Murray, C. D.; Williams, G. A.; Evans, M. W.; Cooper, N. J.; Agnor, C. B.

    2010-05-01

    Images of Saturn's F ring from the Cassini spacecraft, including several obtained near the time of the 2009 equinox, have revealed bright clumps capable of casting shadows on nearby ring material. In the vicinity of the inner shepherding satellite, Prometheus, the clumps are clearly associated with the edges of the channel structures (Murray et al., Nature 437, 1326 (2005)) created by the gravitational perturbations from the satellite. Furthermore, the detection of "fan"-like structures (Murray et al., Nature 453, 739 (2008)) in adjacent ring material is consistent with the effect of an embedded object on an orbit with an eccentricity different to that of the F ring; these structures are also associated with the channel edges. Bright clumps have been detected throughout the ring and not just in those regions that have just encountered Prometheus, although the regularity of their spacing is most obvious at these locations. Cassini images of the F ring obtained over several months show that the clumps drift with respect to the core of the F ring implying semi-major axes that differ from that of the core. Numerical simulations of the interaction between Prometheus and test particles in the F ring show that the effect of the satellite's passage is to create regions of enhanced mass density and low relative velocity at the channel edges. These are suitable conditions for instabilities in the ring leading to collapse into gravitationally bound objects or moonlets. The initial perturbation leads to changes of ~10% in the particles' eccentricities as well as changes in their semi-major axes of up to +/-20 km. The former could account for the observed "fans" while the latter could account for the observed drift of the bright clumps over time. The same mechanism causes the channels to widen with time and this effect is seen in the Cassini images. Loosely bound objects or moonlets formed in this way could be disrupted by subsequent Prometheus passages or could survive and

  5. Formation of lunar basin rings

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Hodges, C.A.; Wilhelms, D.E.

    1978-01-01

    The origin of the multiple concentric rings that characterize lunar impact basins, and the probable depth and diameter of the transient crater have been widely debated. As an alternative to prevailing "megaterrace" hypotheses, we propose that the outer scarps or mountain rings that delineate the topographic rims of basins-the Cordilleran at Orientale, the Apennine at Imbrium, and the Altai at Nectaris-define the transient cavities, enlarged relatively little by slumping, and thus are analogous to the rim crests of craters like Copernicus; inner rings are uplifted rims of craters nested within the transient cavity. The magnitude of slumping that occurs on all scarps is insufficient to produce major inner rings from the outer. These conclusions are based largely on the observed gradational sequence in lunar central uplifts:. from simple peaks through somewhat annular clusters of peaks, peak and ring combinations and double ring basins, culminating in multiring structures that may also include peaks. In contrast, belts of slump terraces are not gradational with inner rings. Terrestrial analogs suggest two possible mechanisms for producing rings. In some cases, peaks may expand into rings as material is ejected from their cores, as apparently occurred at Gosses Bluff, Australia. A second process, differential excavation of lithologically diverse layers, has produced nested experimental craters and is, we suspect, instrumental in the formation of terrestrial ringed impact craters. Peak expansion could produce double-ring structures in homogeneous materials, but differential excavation is probably required to produce multiring and peak-in-ring configurations in large lunar impact structures. Our interpretation of the representative lunar multiring basin Orientale is consistent with formation of three rings in three layers detected seismically in part of the Moon-the Cordillera (basin-bounding) ring in the upper crust, the composite Montes Rook ring in the underlying

  6. Fingering inside the coffee ring

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Weon, Byung Mook; Je, Jung Ho

    2013-01-01

    Colloidal droplets including micro- and nanoparticles generally leave a ringlike stain, called the “coffee ring,” after evaporation. We show that fingering emerges during evaporation inside the coffee ring, resulting from a bidispersed colloidal mixture of micro- and nanoparticles. Microscopic observations suggest that finger formation is driven by competition between the coffee-ring and Marangoni effects, especially when the inward Marangoni flow is overwhelmed by the outward coffee-ring flow. This finding could help to understand the variety of the final deposition patterns of colloidal droplets.

  7. Split ring containment attachment device

    DOEpatents

    Sammel, Alfred G.

    1996-01-01

    A containment attachment device 10 for operatively connecting a glovebag 200 to plastic sheeting 100 covering hazardous material. The device 10 includes an inner split ring member 20 connected on one end 22 to a middle ring member 30 wherein the free end 21 of the split ring member 20 is inserted through a slit 101 in the plastic sheeting 100 to captively engage a generally circular portion of the plastic sheeting 100. A collar potion 41 having an outer ring portion 42 is provided with fastening means 51 for securing the device 10 together wherein the glovebag 200 is operatively connected to the collar portion 41.

  8. Ground Movement in SSRL Ring

    SciTech Connect

    Sunikumar, Nikita; /UCLA /SLAC

    2011-08-25

    Users of the Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource (SSRL) are being affected by diurnal motion of the synchrotron's storage ring, which undergoes structural changes due to outdoor temperature fluctuations. In order to minimize the effects of diurnal temperature fluctuations, especially on the vertical motion of the ring floor, scientists at SSRL tried three approaches: painting the storage ring white, covering the asphalt in the middle of the ring with highly reflective Mylar and installing Mylar on a portion of the ring roof and walls. Vertical motion in the storage ring is measured by a Hydrostatic Leveling System (HLS), which calculates the relative height of water in a pipe that extends around the ring. The 24-hr amplitude of the floor motion was determined using spectral analysis of HLS data, and the ratio of this amplitude before and after each experiment was used to quantitatively determine the efficacy of each approach. The results of this analysis showed that the Mylar did not have any significant effect on floor motion, although the whitewash project did yield a reduction in overall HLS variation of 15 percent. However, further analysis showed that the reduction can largely be attributed to a few local changes rather than an overall reduction in floor motion around the ring. Future work will consist of identifying and selectively insulating these local regions in order to find the driving force behind diurnal floor motion in the storage ring.

  9. Saturn's Rings Edge-on

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1995-01-01

    In one of nature's most dramatic examples of 'now-you see-them, now-you-don't', NASA's Hubble Space Telescope captured Saturn on May 22, 1995 as the planet's magnificent ring system turned edge-on. This ring-plane crossing occurs approximately every 15 years when the Earth passes through Saturn's ring plane.

    For comparison, the top picture was taken by Hubble on December 1, 1994 and shows the rings in a more familiar configuration for Earth observers.

    The bottom picture was taken shortly before the ring plane crossing. The rings do not disappear completely because the edge of the rings reflects sunlight. The dark band across the middle of Saturn is the shadow of the rings cast on the planet (the Sun is almost 3 degrees above the ring plane.) The bright stripe directly above the ring shadow is caused by sunlight reflected off the rings onto Saturn's atmosphere. Two of Saturn's icy moons are visible as tiny starlike objects in or near the ring plane. They are, from left to right, Tethys (slightly above the ring plane) and Dione.

    This observation will be used to determine the time of ring-plane crossing and the thickness of the main rings and to search for as yet undiscovered satellites. Knowledge of the exact time of ring-plane crossing will lead to an improved determination of the rate at which Saturn 'wobbles' about its axis (polar precession).

    Both pictures were taken with Hubble's Wide Field Planetary Camera 2. The top image was taken in visible light. Saturn's disk appears different in the bottom image because a narrowband filter (which only lets through light that is not absorbed by methane gas in Saturn's atmosphere) was used to reduce the bright glare of the planet. Though Saturn is approximately 900 million miles away, Hubble can see details as small as 450 miles across.

    The Wide Field/Planetary Camera 2 was developed by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory and managed by the Goddard Spaced Flight Center for NASA's Office of Space Science

  10. Complete assignment of NMR data of 22 phenyl-1H-pyrazoles' derivatives.

    PubMed

    de Oliveira, Aline Lima; Alves de Oliveira, Carlos Henrique; Mairink, Laura Maia; Pazini, Francine; Menegatti, Ricardo; Lião, Luciano Morais

    2011-08-01

    Complete assignment of (1)H and (13)C NMR chemical shifts and J((1)H/(1)H and (1)H/(19)F) coupling constants for 22 1-phenyl-1H-pyrazoles' derivates were performed using the concerted application of (1)H 1D and (1)H, (13)C 2D gs-HSQC and gs-HMBC experiments. All 1-phenyl-1H-pyrazoles' derivatives were synthesized as described by Finar and co-workers. The formylated 1-phenyl-1H-pyrazoles' derivatives were performed under Duff's conditions.

  11. Design and synthesis of some new 1-phenyl-3/4-[4-(aryl/heteroaryl/alkyl-piperazine1-yl)-phenyl-ureas as potent anticonvulsant and antidepressant agents.

    PubMed

    Mishra, Chandra Bhushan; Kumari, Shikha; Tiwari, Manisha

    2016-05-01

    A series of 1-phenyl-3/4-[4-(aryl/heteroaryl/alkyl-piperazine1-yl)-phenyl-urea derivatives (29-42) were designed, synthesized and evaluated for their anticonvulsant activity by using maximal electroshock (MES), subcutaneous pentylenetetrazole (scPTZ) seizure tests. The acute neurotoxicity was checked by rotarod assay. Most of the test compounds were found effective in both seizure tests. Compound 30 (1-{4-[4-(4-chloro-phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-phenyl}-3-phenyl-urea) exhibited marked anticonvulsant activity in MES as well as scPTZ tests. The phase II anticonvulsant quantification study of compound 30 indicates the ED50 value of 28.5 mg/kg against MES induced seizures. In addition, this compound also showed considerable protection against pilocarpine induced status epilepticus in rats. Seizures induced by 3-mercaptopropionic acid model and thiosemicarbazide were significantly attenuated by compound 30, which suggested its broad spectrum of anticonvulsant activity. Interestingly, compound 30 displayed better antidepressant activity than standard drug fluoxetine. Moreover, compound 30 appeared as a non-toxic chemical entity in sub-acute toxicity studies.

  12. Overall view of tower and adjacent aircraft shelters on flight ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Overall view of tower and adjacent aircraft shelters on flight line. View to east. - Plattsburgh Air Force Base, Security Guard Tower, Florida Street at Aircraft Shelters Area, Plattsburgh, Clinton County, NY

  13. Interior building details of Building A, dungeon cell adjacent to ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Interior building details of Building A, dungeon cell adjacent to northwest cell: granite and brick threshold, poured concrete floors, plastered finished walls, vaulted veiling; northwesterly view - San Quentin State Prison, Building 22, Point San Quentin, San Quentin, Marin County, CA

  14. 10. View north from the adjacent B & O railroad ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    10. View north from the adjacent B & O railroad bridge of portion of the Main truss span over the reservoir of the Augustine Paper Mills, National Register Site. - Augustine Bridge, Brandywine River,Augustine Cutoff, Wilmington, New Castle County, DE

  15. Lock 4 View east of lock wall and adjacent ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Lock 4 - View east of lock wall and adjacent roadway built atop tow path. The gate pocket can be seen at center. - Savannah & Ogeechee Barge Canal, Between Ogeechee & Savannah Rivers, Savannah, Chatham County, GA

  16. 1. A BRICK AND CONCRETE FAN HOUSING ADJACENT TO ONE ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. A BRICK AND CONCRETE FAN HOUSING ADJACENT TO ONE OF THE ADIT OPENINGS (VIEW TO THE NORTH). - Foster Gulch Mine, Fan Housing, Bear Creek 1 mile Southwest of Town of Bear Creek, Red Lodge, Carbon County, MT

  17. 1. VIEW FROM ROOFTOP OF BUILDING (MOTEL) ADJACENT TO TECHWOOD ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. VIEW FROM ROOFTOP OF BUILDING (MOTEL) ADJACENT TO TECHWOOD HOMES, LOOKING SOUTH. GARAGE TO EXTREME LEFT, BUILDING 1 TO EXTREME RIGHT. - Techwood Homes (Public Housing), Bounded by North Avenue, Parker Street, William Street & Lovejoy Street, Atlanta, Fulton County, GA

  18. VIEW FROM ROOFTOP OF BUILDING (MOTEL) ADJACENT TO TECHWOOD HOMES, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    VIEW FROM ROOFTOP OF BUILDING (MOTEL) ADJACENT TO TECHWOOD HOMES, LOOKING SOUTH. GARAGE TO EXTREME LEFT, BUILDING 1 TO EXTREME RIGHT. - Techwood Homes, Building No. 16, 488-514 Techwood Drive, Atlanta, Fulton County, GA

  19. View from water showing south facade and adjacent boat slips ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    View from water showing south facade and adjacent boat slips (Facility Nos. S375 & S376) - U.S. Naval Base, Pearl Harbor, Boat House, Hornet Avenue at Independence Street, Pearl City, Honolulu County, HI

  20. Cement Leakage into Adjacent Vertebral Body Following Percutaneous Vertebroplasty.

    PubMed

    Park, Jae Hoo; Kim, Hyeun Sung; Kim, Seok Won

    2016-06-01

    Percutaneous vertebroplasty (PV) is a minimally invasive procedure for osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures that fail to respond to conventional conservative treatment. It significantly improves intolerable back pain within hours, and has a low complication rate. Although rare, PV is not free of complications, most of which are directly related to cement leakage. Because of its association with new adjacent fracture, the importance of cement leakage into the adjacent disc space is paramount. Here, we report an interesting case of cement leakage into the adjacent upper vertebral body as well as disc space following PV. To the best of our knowledge, there has been no report of cement leakage into the adjacent vertebral body following PV. This rare case is presented along with a review of the literature.

  1. 15. View north from the adjacent B & O railroad ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    15. View north from the adjacent B & O railroad bridge of Pier No. 5 and portion of the deck and super-structure. - Augustine Bridge, Brandywine River,Augustine Cutoff, Wilmington, New Castle County, DE

  2. 7. View north from the adjacent B & O railroad ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    7. View north from the adjacent B & O railroad bridge of Pier No. 1 and portions of the deck and super-structure. - Augustine Bridge, Brandywine River,Augustine Cutoff, Wilmington, New Castle County, DE

  3. 8. View north from the adjacent B & O railroad ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    8. View north from the adjacent B & O railroad bridge of Pier No. 2 and portions of the deck and super-structure. - Augustine Bridge, Brandywine River,Augustine Cutoff, Wilmington, New Castle County, DE

  4. VIEW OF NORTHERN AND EASTERN SIDES FROM PARKING LOT ADJACENT ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    VIEW OF NORTHERN AND EASTERN SIDES FROM PARKING LOT ADJACENT TO BUILDING 199 (POLICE STATION) - U.S. Naval Base, Pearl Harbor, Post Office, Avenue A near Eleventh Avenue, Pearl City, Honolulu County, HI

  5. Basement, room 23, looking southwest into two adjacent offices with ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Basement, room 23, looking southwest into two adjacent offices with soundproof walls and pedestal flooring - March Air Force Base, Strategic Air Command, Combat Operations Center, 5220 Riverside Drive, Moreno Valley, Riverside County, CA

  6. 3. View of north side of house facing from adjacent ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    3. View of north side of house facing from adjacent vacant property. Original wood lap siding and trim is covered by aluminum siding. Recessed side porch is in middle. - 645 South Eighteenth Street (House), Louisville, Jefferson County, KY

  7. View of viaduct, looking SE from roof of adjacent parking ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    View of viaduct, looking SE from roof of adjacent parking garage. - Mulberry Street Viaduct, Spanning Paxton Creek & Cameron Street (State Route 230) at Mulberry Street (State Route 3012), Harrisburg, Dauphin County, PA

  8. 1. Ninth Street (west) facade. Adjacent on the north is ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. Ninth Street (west) facade. Adjacent on the north is the 9th Street facade of 816 E Street. Both buildings were originally one property. - Riley Building, Rendezvous Adult Magazines & Films, 437 Ninth Street, Northwest, Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  9. 6. Detail, vertical guides adjacent to east portal of Tunnel ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    6. Detail, vertical guides adjacent to east portal of Tunnel 28, view to southwest, 135mm lens with electronic flash fill. - Central Pacific Transcontinental Railroad, Tunnel No. 28, Milepost 134.75, Applegate, Placer County, CA

  10. VIEW OF LAMP FIXTURE (EXTERIOR) ADJACENT TO ENTRANCE AT SOUTHWEST ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    VIEW OF LAMP FIXTURE (EXTERIOR) ADJACENT TO ENTRANCE AT SOUTHWEST CORNER OF BUILDING 23, FACING NORTH - Roosevelt Base, Auditorium-Gymnasium, West Virginia Street between Richardson & Reeves Avenues, Long Beach, Los Angeles County, CA

  11. 73. PASSAGE ADJACENT TO ROOM 232, EAST WING, SECOND FLOOR, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    73. PASSAGE ADJACENT TO ROOM 232, EAST WING, SECOND FLOOR, LOOKING WEST BY NORTHWEST, SHOWING EASTERNMOST ARCH OF FORMER GREAT HALL NORTH ARCADE - Smithsonian Institution Building, 1000 Jefferson Drive, between Ninth & Twelfth Streets, Southwest, Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  12. Detail exterior view looking north showing piping system adjacent to ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Detail exterior view looking north showing piping system adjacent to engine house. Gas cooling system is on far right. - Burnsville Natural Gas Pumping Station, Saratoga Avenue between Little Kanawha River & C&O Railroad line, Burnsville, Braxton County, WV

  13. 52. EASTSIDE PLANT: GENERAL VIEW OF GOVERNOR ADJACENT TO GENERATOR ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    52. EASTSIDE PLANT: GENERAL VIEW OF GOVERNOR ADJACENT TO GENERATOR - American Falls Water, Power & Light Company, Island Power Plant, Snake River, below American Falls Dam, American Falls, Power County, ID

  14. OBLIQUE OF SOUTHWEST END AND SOUTHEAST SIDE, WITH ADJACENT FACILITY ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    OBLIQUE OF SOUTHWEST END AND SOUTHEAST SIDE, WITH ADJACENT FACILITY 391 IN THE FOREGROUND. - U.S. Naval Base, Pearl Harbor, Joint Intelligence Center, Makalapa Drive in Makalapa Administration Area, Pearl City, Honolulu County, HI

  15. Brick incinerator structure located adjacent to "motor courts." This example ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Brick incinerator structure located adjacent to "motor courts." This example is located between Buildings 26 and 27. Facing northeast - Harbor Hills Housing Project, 26607 Western Avenue, Lomita, Los Angeles County, CA

  16. 7. August, 1970 9 ORANGE STREET, ADJACENT TO UNITARIAN CHURCH ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    7. August, 1970 9 ORANGE STREET, ADJACENT TO UNITARIAN CHURCH (NOT IN STUDY AREA) - Orange & Union Streets Neighborhood Study, 8-31 Orange Street, 9-21 Union Street & Stone Alley, Nantucket, Nantucket County, MA

  17. VIEW FROM ROOFTOP OF BUILDING (MOTEL) ADJACENT TO TECHWOOD HOME, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    VIEW FROM ROOFTOP OF BUILDING (MOTEL) ADJACENT TO TECHWOOD HOME, LOOKING WEST. GEORGIA TECH DORMITORY BUILDING, 581-587 TECHWOOD DRIVE, IN FOREGROUND. - Techwood Homes, Building No. 16, 488-514 Techwood Drive, Atlanta, Fulton County, GA

  18. 72. View of reservoir adjacent to south wall of blowing ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    72. View of reservoir adjacent to south wall of blowing engine house where water from furnaces was allowed to cool. - Sloss-Sheffield Steel & Iron, First Avenue North Viaduct at Thirty-second Street, Birmingham, Jefferson County, AL

  19. Black ring deconstruction

    SciTech Connect

    Gimon, Eric; Gimon, Eric G.; Levi, Thomas S.

    2007-06-22

    We present a sample microstate for a black ring in four and five dimensional language. The microstate consists of a black string microstate with an additional D6-brane. We show that with an appropriate choice of parameters the piece involving the black string microstate falls down a long AdS throat, whose M-theory lift is AdS_3 x S2. We wrap a spinning dipole M2-brane on the S2 in the probe approximation. In IIA, this corresponds to a dielectric D2-brane carrying only D0-charge. We conjecture this is the firstapproximation to a cloud of D0-branes blowing up due to their non-abelian degrees of freedom and the Myers effect.

  20. Ring around the colloid

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cavallaro, Marcello, Jr.; Gharbi, Mohamed A.; Beller, Daniel A.; Čopar, Simon; Shi, Zheng; Kamien, Randall D.; Yang, Shu; Baumgart, Tobias; Stebe, Kathleen J.

    In this work, we show that Janus washers, genus-one colloids with hybrid anchoring conditions, form topologically required defects in nematic liquid crystals. Experiments under crossed polarizers reveal the defect structure to be a rigid disclination loop confined within the colloid, with an accompanying defect in the liquid crystal. When confined to a homeotropic cell, the resulting colloid-defect ring pair tilts relative to the far field director, in contrast to the behavior of toroidal colloids with purely homeotropic anchoring. We show that this tilting behavior can be reversibly suppressed by the introduction of a spherical colloid into the center of the toroid, creating a new kind of multi-shape colloidal assemblage.

  1. Of bars and rings: Hof1-dependent cytokinesis in multiseptated hyphae of Ashbya gossypii.

    PubMed

    Kaufmann, Andreas; Philippsen, Peter

    2009-02-01

    We analyzed the development of multiple septa in elongated multinucleated cells (hyphae) of the filamentous ascomycete Ashbya gossypii in which septation is apparently uncoupled from nuclear cycles. A key player for this compartmentalization is the PCH protein Hof1. Hyphae that are lacking this protein form neither actin rings nor septa but still elongate at wild-type speed. Using in vivo fluorescence microscopy, we present for the first time the coordination of cytokinesis and septation in multiseptated and multinucleated cells. Hof1, the type II myosin Myo1, the landmark protein Bud3, and the IQGAP Cyk1 form collars of cortical bars already adjacent to hyphal tips, thereby marking the sites of septation. While hyphae continue to elongate, these proteins gradually form cortical rings. This bar-to-ring transition depends on Hof1 and Cyk1 but not Myo1 and is required for actin ring assembly. The Fes/CIP4 homology (FCH) domain of Hof1 ensures efficient localization of Hof1, whereas ring integrity is conferred by the Src homology 3 (SH3) domain. Up to several hours after site selection, actin ring contraction leads to membrane invagination and subsequent cytokinesis. Simultaneously, a septum forms between the adjacent hyphal compartments, which do not separate. During evolution, A. gossypii lost the homologs of two enzymes essential for cell separation in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

  2. The Saturn Ring Observer: In situ studies of planetary rings

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nicholson, P. D.; Tiscareno, M. S.; Spilker, L. J.

    2010-12-01

    As part of the Planetary Science Decadal Survey recently undertaken by the NRC's Space Studies Board for the National Academy of Sciences, studies were commissioned for a number of potential missions to outer planet targets. One of these studies examined the technological feasibility of a mission to carry out in situ studies of Saturn's rings, from a spacecraft placed in a circular orbit above the ring plane: the Saturn Ring Observer. The technical findings and background are discussed in a companion poster by T. R. Spilker et al. Here we outline the science goals of such a mission. Most of the fundamental interactions in planetary rings occur on spatial scales that are unresolved by flyby or orbiter spacecraft. Typical particle sizes in the rings of Saturn are in the 1 cm - 10 m range, and average interparticle spacings are a few meters. Indirect evidence indicates that the vertical thickness of the rings is as little as 5 - 10 m, which implies a velocity dispersion of only a few mm/sec. Theories of ring structure and evolution depend on the unknown characteristics of interparticle collisions and on the size distribution of the ring particles. The SRO could provide direct measurements of both the coefficient of restitution -- by monitoring individual collisions -- and the particles’ velocity dispersion. High-resolution observations of individual ring particles should also permit estimates of their spin states. Numerical simulations of Saturn’s rings incorporating both collisions and self-gravity predict that the ring particles are not uniformly distributed, but are instead clustered into elongated structures referred to as “self-gravity wakes”, which are continually created and destroyed on an orbital timescale. Theory indicates that the average separation between wakes in the A ring is of order 30-100 m. Direct imaging of self-gravity wakes, including their formation and subsequent dissolution, would provide critical validation of these models. Other

  3. Metal content of biopsies adjacent to dental cast alloys.

    PubMed

    Garhammer, Pauline; Schmalz, G; Hiller, K-A; Reitinger, T

    2003-06-01

    Single case reports indicate that components of dental alloys accumulate in the adjacent soft tissue of the oral cavity. However, data on a wider range of dental alloys and patient groups are scarce. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to examine the metal content of oral tissues adjacent to dental alloys showing persisting signs of inflammation or other discoloration (affected sites) and of healthy control sites with no adjacent metal restoration in 28 patients. The composition of the adjacent alloys was analyzed and compared to the alloy components in the affected sites. Tissue analysis was performed using atomic absorption spectroscopy. Alloy analysis was performed with energy-dispersive X-ray analysis. In the affected sites, the metals Ag, Au, Cu, and Pd prevailed compared to control sites, reflecting the frequency distribution of single metals in the adjacent alloys. In most cases (84%), at least one of the analyzed metals was a component of the alloy and also detected in the tissue. Metal components from almost all dental cast alloys can be detected in adjacent tissue.

  4. Fibre ring cavity semiconductor laser

    SciTech Connect

    Duraev, V P; Medvedev, S V

    2013-10-31

    This paper presents a study of semiconductor lasers having a polarisation maintaining fibre ring cavity. We examine the operating principle and report main characteristics of a semiconductor ring laser, in particular in single- and multiple-frequency regimes, and discuss its application areas. (lasers)

  5. Contraceptive vaginal rings: a review.

    PubMed

    Brache, Vivian; Faundes, Anibal

    2010-11-01

    Development efforts on contraceptive vaginal rings were initiated over 40 years ago based on two principles: the capacity of the vaginal epithelium to absorb steroids and the capacity of elastomers to release these hormones at a nearly constant rate. Numerous models of contraceptive vaginal rings (CVRs) have been studied, but only two have reached the market: NuvaRing, a combined ring that releases etonogestrel (ENG) and ethinylestradiol (EE), and Progering, a progesterone-releasing ring for use in lactating women. The main advantages of CVRs are their effectiveness (similar to or slightly better than the pill), ease of use without the need of remembering a daily routine, user's ability to control initiation and discontinuation, nearly constant release rate allowing for lower doses, greater bioavailability and good cycle control with the combined ring. The main disadvantages are related to the mode of delivery; CVRs may cause vaginal discharge and complaints, ring expulsion is not uncommon, the ring may be felt during coitus and vaginal insertion may be unpleasant for some women. The studies reviewed in this article provide evidence that CVRs are safe, effective and highly acceptable to women. There is no doubt that CVRs offer a new, effective contraceptive option to women, expanding their available choices of hormonal contraception.

  6. Ring Infiltrate in Staphylococcal Keratitis

    PubMed Central

    Wallang, Batriti S.; Sharma, Savitri; Sahu, Srikant K.; Mittal, Ruchi

    2013-01-01

    Smear and culture tests of corneal scrapings from a patient with a ring infiltrate confirmed significant growth of a Staphylococcus species resistant to fluoroquinolones. Because of nonresponse to medical management, the patient underwent therapeutic penetrating keratoplasty. Staphylococcal infection of the cornea may appear as a ring-like infiltrate that is recalcitrant to medical management. PMID:23100354

  7. Biomechanics of Corneal Ring Implants

    PubMed Central

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: To evaluate the biomechanics of corneal ring implants by providing a related mathematical theory and biomechanical model for the treatment of myopia and keratoconus. Methods: The spherical dome model considers the inhomogeneity of the tunica of the eye, dimensions of the cornea, lamellar structure of the corneal stroma, and asphericity of the cornea. It is used in this study for calculating a strengthening factor sf for the characterization of different ring-shaped corneal implant designs. The strengthening factor is a measure of the amount of strengthening of the cornea induced by the implant. Results: For ring segments and incomplete rings, sf = 1.0, which indicates that these implants are not able to strengthen the cornea. The intracorneal continuous complete ring (MyoRing) has a strengthening factor of up to sf = 3.2. The MyoRing is, therefore, able to strengthen the cornea significantly. Conclusions: The result of the presented biomechanical analysis of different ring-shaped corneal implant designs can explain the different postoperative clinical results of different implant types in myopia and keratoconus. PMID:26312619

  8. Reversible Seeding in Storage Rings

    SciTech Connect

    Ratner, Daniel; Chao, Alex; /SLAC

    2011-12-14

    We propose to generate steady-state microbunching in a storage ring with a reversible seeding scheme. High gain harmonic generation (HGHG) and echo-enabled harmonic generation (EEHG) are two promising methods for microbunching linac electron beams. Because both schemes increase the energy spread of the seeded beam, they cannot drive a coherent radiator turn-by-turn in a storage ring. However, reversing the seeding process following the radiator minimizes the impact on the electron beam and may allow coherent radiation at or near the storage ring repetition rate. In this paper we describe the general idea and outline a proof-of-principle experiment. Electron storage rings can drive high average power light sources, and free-electron lasers (FELs) are now producing coherent light sources of unprecedented peak brightness While there is active research towards high repetition rate FELs (for example, using energy recovery linacs), at present there are still no convenient accelerator-based sources of high repetition rate, coherent radiation. As an alternative avenue, we recently proposed to establish steady-state microbunching (SSMB) in a storage ring. By maintaining steady-state coherent microbunching at one point in the storage ring, the beam generates coherent radiation at or close to the repetition rate of the storage ring. In this paper, we propose a method of generating a microbunched beam in a storage ring by using reversible versions of linac seeding schemes.

  9. How Jupiter's Ring Was Discovered.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Elliot, James; Kerr, Richard

    1985-01-01

    "Rings" (by astronomer James Elliot and science writer Richard Kerr) is a nontechnical book about the discovery and exploration of ring systems from the time of Galileo to the era of the Voyager spacecraft. One of this book's chapters is presented. (JN)

  10. Rings Full of Waves (zoom)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2004-01-01

    This image shows a close-up view of a density wave in Saturn's A ring. It was taken by the narrow angle camera on the Cassini spacecraft after successful entry into Saturn's orbit. The view shows the dark, or unlit, side of the rings.

  11. Estradiol-progesterone interaction during the preparation of vaginal rings.

    PubMed

    Saleh, Saleh I; Khidr, Sayed H; Ahmed, Sayed M; Jackanicz, Theodore M; Nash, Harold A

    2003-02-01

    An unexpected enhanced release, in vitro, of estradiol (E2) was observed on the preparation of vaginal rings containing E2 and progesterone (P) in a silicone elastomer. The present work deals with exploring the reason(s) behind this enhanced E2 release. The effect of the ring design (i.e., putting P and E2 in the same compartment or in adjacent or separate compartments) was studied. The effects of the curing temperature as well as the curing time were also investigated. The possible interaction(s) between P and E2 on simple heating of their mixtures was investigated using infrared (IR), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) techniques. Also, the dissolution behavior of P, E2, and their mixture before and after heating was studied. The ring design, with respect to the position of the steroid layer(s), affected the release of P and E2 from the vaginal rings. Curing the rings at higher temperatures (>/=140 degrees C) for >/=30 min resulted in an enhanced release of the steroids, especially E2. The IR, DSC, phase diagram, and NMR results indicate that an interaction between P and E2, leading to the formation of a molecular complex, took place. It was concluded that putting P and E2 in the same compartment and curing by heating at a high temperature and for an extended time promoted this kind of interaction. The greater hydrophobicity of the interaction product, relative to that of E2, was considered the main reason behind the enhanced in vitro release of E2 from the vaginal rings.

  12. Simulating the Smallest Ring World of Chariklo

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Michikoshi, Shugo; Kokubo, Eiichiro

    2017-03-01

    A ring system consisting of two dense narrow rings has been discovered around Centaur Chariklo. The existence of these rings around a small object poses various questions about their origin, stability, and lifetime. In order to understand the nature of Chariklo’s rings, we perform global N-body simulations of the self-gravitating collisional particle rings for the first time. We find that Chariklo should be denser than the ring material in order to avoid the rapid diffusion of the rings. If Chariklo is denser than the ring material, fine spiral structures called self-gravity wakes occur in the inner ring. These wakes accelerate the viscous spreading of the ring significantly and typically occur on timescales of about 100 {years} for m-sized ring particles, which is considerably shorter than the timescales suggested in previous studies. The existence of these narrow rings implies smaller ring particles or the existence of shepherding satellites.

  13. Crystal structure of 5-chloro-methyl-N-methyl-4-[(4-phenyl-1,2,3-triazol-1-yl)meth-yl]isoxazolidine-3-carboxamide.

    PubMed

    Brahmi, Jihed; Nasri, Soumaya; Aouadi, Kaïss; Jeanneau, Erwann; Vidal, Sébastien; Msaddek, Moncef

    2016-03-01

    The title compound, C15H18ClN5O2, crystallizes with two independent mol-ecules (A and B) in the asymmetric unit. In both mol-ecules, the isoxazolidine rings have an envelope conformation with the O atoms at the flap positions. Each mol-ecule has three stereogenic centres with configurations 2(S), 3(S) and 4(R), confirmed by resonant scattering. Their conformations are significantly different, for example in mol-ecule A the phenyl ring is inclined to the triazole ring by 32.5 (2)°, while in mol-ecule B the corresponding dihedral angle is 10.7 (2)°. In the crystal, the A and B mol-ecules are linked via an N-H⋯O and a C-H⋯O hydrogen bond. These units are linked by C-H⋯O and C-H⋯N hydrogen bonds, forming slabs parallel to the ab plane. There are C-H⋯π inter-actions present within the slabs.

  14. Crystal structure of 5-chloro­methyl-N-methyl-4-[(4-phenyl-1,2,3-triazol-1-yl)meth­yl]isoxazolidine-3-carboxamide

    PubMed Central

    Brahmi, Jihed; Nasri, Soumaya; Aouadi, Kaïss; Jeanneau, Erwann; Vidal, Sébastien; Msaddek, Moncef

    2016-01-01

    The title compound, C15H18ClN5O2, crystallizes with two independent mol­ecules (A and B) in the asymmetric unit. In both mol­ecules, the isoxazolidine rings have an envelope conformation with the O atoms at the flap positions. Each mol­ecule has three stereogenic centres with configurations 2(S), 3(S) and 4(R), confirmed by resonant scattering. Their conformations are significantly different, for example in mol­ecule A the phenyl ring is inclined to the triazole ring by 32.5 (2)°, while in mol­ecule B the corresponding dihedral angle is 10.7 (2)°. In the crystal, the A and B mol­ecules are linked via an N—H⋯O and a C—H⋯O hydrogen bond. These units are linked by C—H⋯O and C—H⋯N hydrogen bonds, forming slabs parallel to the ab plane. There are C—H⋯π inter­actions present within the slabs. PMID:27006812

  15. 1H and 13C NMR assignments for new heterocyclic TAM leuco dyes, (2Z,2'E)-2,2'-(2-phenyl propane-1,3-diylidene) bis(1,3,3-trimethylindoline) derivatives. Part II.

    PubMed

    Keum, Sam-Rok; Roh, Se-Jung; Lee, Min-Hyung; Sauriol, Francoise; Buncel, Erwin

    2008-09-01

    The (1)H and (13)C NMR spectra of the novel heterocyclic Leuco-TAM dyes, (2Z, 2'E)-2,2'-(2-phenyl propane-1,3-diylidene) bis(1,3,3-trimethylindoline) derivatives 1-4 as precursors of triarylmethane (TAM)(+) (Malachite Green FB-analog) dyes were completely assigned by 1D and 2D NMR experiments, including DEPT, COSY, HSQC, HMBC, and NOESY. Especially, the diastereotopic gem-dimethyl protons at the C3 and C3' positions of the FB rings were definitively assigned. The (Z,E) isomers adopt the energetically favored three-bladed propeller conformation in solution.

  16. X-ray crystallographic analysis of 3-(2'-phenyl-2,4'-bithiazole-4-carboxamido) propyldimethylsulphonium iodide, an analogue of the DNA-binding portion of bleomycin A2.

    PubMed

    Kuroda, R; Neidle, S; Riordan, J M; Sakai, T T

    1982-08-11

    The crystal and molecular structure of the title compound, an analogue of the DNA binding region of bleomycin A2, has been determined by X-ray crystallography. All the three independent molecules in an asymmetric unit are approximately planar with fully extended side chains. A computer graphics model-building study has shown that the phenyl group and the second thiazole ring can be intercalated between the base pairs of the double-stranded deoxydinucleoside phosphate d(CpG), and also that the sulphonium cation can interact with a backbone phosphate group. This model is in accord with NMR spectral data.

  17. X-ray crystallographic analysis of 3-(2'-phenyl-2,4'-bithiazole-4-carboxamido) propyldimethylsulphonium iodide, an analogue of the DNA-binding portion of bleomycin A2.

    PubMed Central

    Kuroda, R; Neidle, S; Riordan, J M; Sakai, T T

    1982-01-01

    The crystal and molecular structure of the title compound, an analogue of the DNA binding region of bleomycin A2, has been determined by X-ray crystallography. All the three independent molecules in an asymmetric unit are approximately planar with fully extended side chains. A computer graphics model-building study has shown that the phenyl group and the second thiazole ring can be intercalated between the base pairs of the double-stranded deoxydinucleoside phosphate d(CpG), and also that the sulphonium cation can interact with a backbone phosphate group. This model is in accord with NMR spectral data. PMID:6182526

  18. Incorporating two different chromophores onto a silicon atom: the crystal structure and photophysical properties of 9-{4-[(9,9-dimethyl-9H-fluoren-2-yl)dimethylsilyl]phenyl}-9H-carbazole.

    PubMed

    Lee, Ah-Rang; Han, Won-Sik

    2015-03-01

    The crystal structure of the title bifunctional silicon-bridged compound, C(35)H(31)NSi, (I), has been determined. The compound crystallizes in the centrosymmetric space group P2(1)/c. In the crystal structure, the pairs of aryl rings in the two different chromophores, i.e. 9-phenyl-9H-carbazole and 9,9-dimethyl-9H-fluorene, are positioned orthogonally. In the crystal packing, no classical hydrogen bonding is observed. UV-Vis absorption and fluorescence emission spectra show that the central Si atom successfully breaks the electronic conjugation between the two different chromophores, and this was further analysed by density functional theory (DFT) calculations.

  19. Structural characterization and molecular order of rodlike mesogens with three- and four-ring core by XRD and 13C NMR spectroscopy.

    PubMed

    Reddy, M Kesava; Reddy, K Subramanyam; Yoga, K; Prakash, M; Narasimhaswamy, T; Mandal, A B; Lobo, Nitin P; Ramanathan, K V; Rao, D S Shankar; Prasad, S Krishna

    2013-05-09

    Structural characterizations using XRD and (13)C NMR spectroscopy of two rodlike mesogens consisting of (i) three phenyl ring core with a polar cyano terminal and (ii) four phenyl ring core with flexible dodecyl terminal chain are presented. The three-ring-core mesogen with cyano terminal exhibits enantiotropic smectic A phase while the four-ring mesogen reveals polymesomorphism and shows enantiotropic nematic, smectic C, and tilted hexatic phases. The molecular organization in the three-ring mesogen is found to be partial bilayer smectic Ad type, and the interdigitation of the molecules in the neighboring layers is attributed to the presence of the polar terminal group. For the four-ring mesogen, the XRD results confirm the existence of the smectic C and the tilted hexatic mesophases. A thermal variation of the layer spacing across the smectic C phase followed by a discrete jump at the transition to the tilted hexatic phase is also observed. The tilt angles have been estimated to be about 45° in the smectic C phase and about 40° in tilted hexatic phase. (13)C NMR results indicate that in the mesophase the molecules are aligned parallel to the magnetic field. From the (13)C-(1)H dipolar couplings determined from the 2D experiments, the overall order parameter for the three-ring mesogen in its smectic A phase has been estimated to be 0.72 while values ranging from 0.88 to 0.44 have been obtained for the four-ring mesogen as it passes from the tilted hexatic to the nematic phase. The orientations of the different rings of the core unit with respect to each other and also with respect to the long axis of the molecule have also been obtained.

  20. Crystal structure of 6-(p-tol­yl)benzo[b]naphtho[2,3-d]thio­phene and of an ortho­rhom­bic polymorph of 7-phenyl­anthra[2,3-b]benzo[d]thio­phene

    PubMed Central

    Gopinath, S.; Sethusankar, K.; Stoeckli-Evans, Helen; Rafiq, Muhamad; Mohanakrishnan, Arasambattu K.

    2016-01-01

    The title compounds, C23H16S, (I), and C26H16S, (II), are benzo­thio­phene derivatives in which the benzo­thio­phene moiety is fused with a naphthalene ring system in (I), and with an anthracene ring system in (II). In (I), the mean plane of the benzo­thio­phene ring system makes a dihedral angle of 2.28 (6)° with the naphthalene ring system, and a dihedral angle of 1.28 (6)° with the anthracene ring system in (II), showing that the fused units are essentially planar. In (I), the 4-methyl­benzene ring substituent makes a dihedral angle of 71.40 (9)° with the naphthalene ring system, while the phenyl ring substituent in (II) makes a dihedral angle of 67.08 (12)° with the anthracene ring system. In the crystals of both compounds, mol­ecules are linked by C—H⋯π inter­actions, leading to the formation of slabs parallel to (001) in (I) and to zigzag chains along [001] in (II). There are also offset π–π inter­actions present within the slabs in (I). In the crystal of (II), they link the chains, forming sheets parallel to (010). The triclinic polymorph of compound (II) has been reported [Sivasakthikumaran et al., (2012 ▸). J. Org. Chem. 77, 9053–9071]. PMID:27920924