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Sample records for administration osha standards

  1. OSHA`s process safety management standard

    SciTech Connect

    Morelli, J.A.

    1994-12-31

    On February 24, 1992, OSHA published the final rule for its Process Safety Management Standard (PSM) mandated by the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990. (see Federal Register 57 FR 6356-6417). This standard imposes several responsibilities upon employers whose processes can cause large accident releases that could result in processes can cause large accident releases that could result in catastrophes. In contrast to OSHA`s Hazard Communication standard which focuses on routine daily exposures to hazardous materials, the PSM Standard is concerned with processes whereby the use, storage, manufacturing, handling or on-site movement of highly hazardous chemicals which exceed threshold quantities, provides potential for a catastrophic release. The PSM Standard requires: a written program, plans, training, hazard analysis and compliance auditing. This paper outlines the provisions under this Standard pursuant to OSHA regulation 29 Code of Federal Regulation 1910.119.

  2. Radon in the Workplace: the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) Ionizing Radiation Standard.

    PubMed

    Lewis, Robert K

    2016-10-01

    On 29 December 1970, the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 established the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA). This article on OSHA, Title 29, Part 1910.1096 Ionizing Radiation standard was written to increase awareness of the employer, the workforce, state and federal governments, and those in the radon industry who perform radon testing and radon mitigation of the existence of these regulations, particularly the radon relevant aspect of the regulations. This review paper was also written to try to explain what can sometimes be complicated regulations. As the author works within the Radon Division of the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection, Bureau of Radiation Protection, the exclusive focus of the article is on radon. The 1910.1096 standard obviously covers many other aspects of radiation and radiation safety in the work place.

  3. OSHA TB standard adds teeth to CDC guidelines. Occupational Safety and Health Administration. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

    PubMed

    1997-12-01

    The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) has published a proposed standard to provide health care workers with more protection against tuberculosis (TB). With one-quarter of new TB cases occurring in HIV-infected people, 5.3 million workers treating AIDS patients and working with at-risk populations need to be aware of the proposed guidelines. OSHA estimates that the new standard could eliminate most work-related TB infections and save up to $116 million in medical costs and lost production. The OSHA standards vary from those of the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) in several ways. CDC guidelines are voluntary, whereas OSHA standards are enforceable and facilities can be fined for violations. Although OSHA standards have incorporated basic elements of the CDC recommendations, OSHA standards also would require employers to conduct exposure assessments, require six-month skin testing, and call for respirator use in more instances. OSHA officials expect broad participation at public hearings on the new standard, scheduled to begin in February 1998.

  4. Exposure Control--OSHA's Bloodborne Pathogens Standard.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Granville, Mark F.

    1993-01-01

    Explains schools' responsibilities in complying with the Occupational Safety and Health Administration's (OSHA) Bloodborne Pathogens Standard. Describes exposure determination plan, protective equipment, housekeeping practices, labeling of waste, training employees, hepatitis B vaccinations, postexposure evaluation and medical follow-up, and…

  5. Exposure Control--OSHA's Bloodborne Pathogens Standard.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Granville, Mark F.

    1993-01-01

    Explains schools' responsibilities in complying with the Occupational Safety and Health Administration's (OSHA) Bloodborne Pathogens Standard. Describes exposure determination plan, protective equipment, housekeeping practices, labeling of waste, training employees, hepatitis B vaccinations, postexposure evaluation and medical follow-up, and…

  6. Training Requirements in OSHA Standards. Revised.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Occupational Safety and Health Administration, Washington, DC.

    This booklet contains excerpts of the training-related requirements of the standards promulgated by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA). It is designed as an aid for employers, safety and health professionals, and others who need to know training requirements. (References to training may be difficult to locate in the long and…

  7. OSHA Standard Time: Worker Safety Rules for Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Sharon E.; Roy, Kenneth R.

    1994-01-01

    Briefly describes six of the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) standards applicable to school districts. Provides a suggested approach for compliance and discusses how one district has begun to meet the challenge. The mandated OSHA programs concern the following: (1) hazard communication; (2) chemical hygiene; (3) bloodborne…

  8. Training Requirements in OSHA Standards and Training Guidelines.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Occupational Safety and Health Administration, Washington, DC.

    This booklet contains Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) training requirements, excerpted from OSHA standards. The booklet is designed to help employers, safety and health professionals, training directors, and others who need to know training requirements. (Requirements for posting information, warning signs, labels, and the…

  9. Osha`s 1974 vinyl chloride standard. Retrospective evaluation of the rulemaking`s feasibility/impact estimates. Case study

    SciTech Connect

    Boroush, M.A.

    1993-11-01

    This report documents a case study of the Occupational Safety and Health Administration`s (OSHA) permanent health standard of 1974 for workplace exposures to vinyl chloride (monomer). OSHA`s assessment of hazard control options and estimates of compliance costs and other regulatory impacts prepared as part of the rationale for the rulemaking are reviewed and then compared and contrasted with the actual post-promulgation outcomes as affected industries adjusted to the new compliance requirements. This case study has been prepared as part of a larger Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) evaluation of the control technology and regulatory impact analyses that OSHA prepares to support its rulemakings. Congress requested in May 1992 that OTA examine OSHA`s procedures and methods in these regards. The case reported here is one of eight OSHA health and safety standards that have been similarly studied on a pre- and post-promulgation basis.

  10. Osha`s 1984 ethylene oxide standard. Retrospective evaluation of the rulemaking`s feasibility/impact estimates. Case study

    SciTech Connect

    Boroush, M.A.

    1994-03-01

    This report documents a case study of the Occupational Safety and Health Administration`s (OSHA) permanent health standard of 1984 for workplace exposures to ethylene oxide. OSHA`s assessment of hazard control options and estimates of compliance costs and other regulatory impacts prepared as part of the rationale for the rulemaking are reviewed and then compared and contrasted with the actual post-promulgation outcomes as the hospital sector adjusted to the new compliance requirements. This case study has been prepared as part of a larger Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) evaluation of the control technology and regulatory impact analyses that OSHA prepares to support its rulemakings. Congress requested in May 1992 that OTA examine OSHA`s procedures and methods in these regards. The case reported here is one of eight OSHA health and safety standards that have been similarly studied on a pre- and post-promulgation basis.

  11. OSHA Laboratory Standard: Driving Force for Laboratory Safety!

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roy, Kenneth R.

    2000-01-01

    Discusses the Occupational Safety and Health Administration's (OSHA's) Laboratory Safety Standards as the major driving force in establishing and maintaining a safe working environment for teachers and students. (Author)

  12. OSHA Laboratory Standard: Driving Force for Laboratory Safety!

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roy, Kenneth R.

    2000-01-01

    Discusses the Occupational Safety and Health Administration's (OSHA's) Laboratory Safety Standards as the major driving force in establishing and maintaining a safe working environment for teachers and students. (Author)

  13. OSHA kicks off new standards-planning process

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1995-01-01

    The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) announced it is developing a new standards-planning process. According to OSHA, the new system will ensure that the agency's limited resources are directed appropriately and result in the promulgation of standards and other appropriate agency actions that have the maximum public health impact. Industry and other stakeholders should monitor this initiative carefully. As part of its reinventing government exercise, OSHA has assigned the development of priorities under its new standards planning process to an internal Standards-Planning committee. The committee will be assisted by experts from other government agencies, including the National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) and the American Congress of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH), among others, and will seek public input on its decisions. The primary task of the Standards Planning Committee is to develop a list of up to 50 workplace hazards or issues that warrant appropriate OSHA action. This list is the OSHA Action List. For each item on the list, the committee will recommend appropriate OSHA action, including a rulemaking, revisions to existing standards, the issuance of a hazard alert and enhanced enforcement or consultation.

  14. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) Technical Support Committee

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2000-12-29

    0575 N5-95-1 Occupational Safety & Health Administration (OSHA) Technical Support Committee U.S. DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY CARDEROCK DIVISION, NAVAL...4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE The National Shipbuilding Research Program, Occupational Safety & Health Administration (OSHA) Technical Support...SPECIFICALLY DISCLAIMED. Sp-5 Safety and Health Final Report Occupational Safety & Health Administration (OSHA) Technical Support Committee Task No

  15. Informing Workers of Chemical Hazards: The OSHA Hazard Communication Standard.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Chemical Society, Washington, DC.

    Practical information on how to implement a chemical-related safety program is outlined in this publication. Highlights of the federal Occupational Safety and Health Administrations (OSHA) Hazard Communication Standard are presented and explained. These include: (1) hazard communication requirements (consisting of warning labels, material safety…

  16. 75 FR 2890 - OSHA Listens: Occupational Safety and Health Administration Stakeholder Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-19

    ... Occupational Safety and Health Administration OSHA Listens: Occupational Safety and Health Administration Stakeholder Meeting AGENCY: Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), Labor. ACTION: Notice of public meeting. SUMMARY: The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) is announcing a public...

  17. 72 FR 31453 - Interpretation of OSHA's Standard for Process Safety Management of Highly Hazardous Chemicals

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2007-06-07

    ... Occupational Safety and Health Administration 29 CFR Part 1910 Interpretation of OSHA's Standard for Process...'' in the ``Application'' section of OSHA's Process Safety Management of Highly Hazardous Chemicals... chemical process safety standard to prevent accidental releases of hazardous chemicals that could pose...

  18. 29 CFR 1960.16 - Compliance with OSHA standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 9 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Compliance with OSHA standards. 1960.16 Section 1960.16... PROGRAMS AND RELATED MATTERS Standards § 1960.16 Compliance with OSHA standards. Each agency head shall comply with all occupational safety and health standards issued under section 6 of the Act, or with...

  19. 29 CFR 1960.16 - Compliance with OSHA standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 9 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Compliance with OSHA standards. 1960.16 Section 1960.16... PROGRAMS AND RELATED MATTERS Standards § 1960.16 Compliance with OSHA standards. Each agency head shall comply with all occupational safety and health standards issued under section 6 of the Act, or with...

  20. 29 CFR 1960.16 - Compliance with OSHA standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 9 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Compliance with OSHA standards. 1960.16 Section 1960.16... PROGRAMS AND RELATED MATTERS Standards § 1960.16 Compliance with OSHA standards. Each agency head shall comply with all occupational safety and health standards issued under section 6 of the Act, or with...

  1. 29 CFR 1960.16 - Compliance with OSHA standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 9 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Compliance with OSHA standards. 1960.16 Section 1960.16... PROGRAMS AND RELATED MATTERS Standards § 1960.16 Compliance with OSHA standards. Each agency head shall comply with all occupational safety and health standards issued under section 6 of the Act, or with...

  2. 29 CFR 1960.16 - Compliance with OSHA standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 9 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Compliance with OSHA standards. 1960.16 Section 1960.16... PROGRAMS AND RELATED MATTERS Standards § 1960.16 Compliance with OSHA standards. Each agency head shall comply with all occupational safety and health standards issued under section 6 of the Act, or with...

  3. Statistical methods for establishing equivalency of a sampling device to the OSHA standard.

    PubMed

    Krishnamoorthy, K; Mathew, Thomas

    2002-01-01

    Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) regulations allow the use of an alternative sampling device for exposure monitoring provided the device has been demonstrated to be equivalent to the standard device. For example, the OSHA standard allows the use of an alternate cotton dust sampler that is equivalent to the Lumsden-Lynch vertical elutriator (VE); also, OSHA defines the accuracy of the monitoring device for measuring airborne chemicals such as benzene and sulfur dioxide. Typically, the OSHA criterion is that 90% of the readings of the sampling device should be within +/- 25% of the readings obtained by the standard device or within +/- 25% of the actual airborne chemical concentration. This article proposes two statistical tests for establishing that an alternative measuring device of airborne chemicals or dust is equivalent to the OSHA standard. The statistical tests are illustrated using an example.

  4. Evaluating OSHA's ethylene oxide standard: exposure determinants in Massachusetts hospitals.

    PubMed Central

    LaMontagne, A D; Kelsey, K T

    2001-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: This study sought to identify determinants of workplace exposures to ethylene oxide to assess the effect of the Occupational Safety and Health Administration's (OSHA's) 1984 ethylene oxide standard. METHODS: An in-depth survey of all hospitals in Massachusetts that used ethylene oxide from 1990 through 1992 (96% participation, N = 90) was conducted. Three types of exposure events were modeled with logistic regression: exceeding the 8-hour action level, exceeding the 15-minute excursion limit, and worker exposures during unmeasured accidental releases. Covariates were drawn from data representing an ecologic framework including direct and indirect potential exposure determinants. RESULTS: After adjustment for frequencies of ethylene oxide use and exposure monitoring, a significant inverse relation was observed between exceeding the action level and the use of combined sterilizer-aerators, an engineering control technology developed after the passage of the OSHA standard. Conversely, the use of positive-pressure sterilizers that employ ethylene oxide gas mixtures was strongly related to both exceeding the excursion limit and the occurrence of accidental releases. CONCLUSIONS: These findings provide evidence of a positive effect of OSHA's ethylene oxide standard and specific targets for future prevention and control efforts. PMID:11236406

  5. OSHA Inspections

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2000-01-01

    Under the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 (the Act), the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) is authorized to conduct... occupational safety and health field and who are trained in OSHA standards and in the recognition of safety and health hazards. Similarly, states with...their own occupational safety and health programs conduct inspection using qualified state compliance safety and health officers.

  6. The future of the OSHA PSM standard.

    PubMed

    Kaelin, David E

    2014-07-01

    The significance of the proposed PSM changes could be to greatly expand coverage of processes in order to include many not currently covered by the PSM regulation. New chemicals will likely be added to Appendix A, and reactive chemicals (a definition will be needed) also may be covered. What exactly will be the definition of a reactive chemical is unclear at this time, although definitions used in New Jersey in the TCPA Act may guide OSHA. It is likely that atmospheric storage of flammable liquids will be included more specifically and the exemption of these tanks eliminated. In applying RAGAGEP, sites may be required to apply the most recent codes and standards to covered processes, perhaps at the time of PHA auditing: A narrowing of the PSM exemption for retail facilities could bring many of them under the PSM regulation at some level. Process safety management practices should be applied to all facilities that store and process hazardous materials that have fire, explosion, reactivity, and toxic properties. If changes are made to the PSM regulation, many new sites will be covered and will need to formally adopt PSM as defined in the OSHA regulation. The addition of reactive chemicals to the PSM regulation will greatly expand the number of processes covered by the regulation. Keeping up with the most current codes, standards, and legislative changes is a daunting task that may require the support of specialists. The results of the proposed legislation will be an increase in the level of process safety excellence throughout the chemical industries.

  7. Strategy for Coordinated EPA/Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) Implementation of the Chemical Accident Prevention Requirements of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    EPA and the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) share responsibility for prevention: OSHA has the Process Safety Management Standard to protect workers, and EPA the Risk Management Program to protect the general public and environment.

  8. Assessing the accuracy of OSHA's projections of the benefits of new safety standards.

    PubMed

    Seong, Si Kyung; Mendeloff, John

    2004-04-01

    In the preambles to the safety and health standards that it has issued since 1987, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) projected that new safety standards would prevent over 2,600 death each year. For six safety standards issued since 1990, we compare OSHA's projections of the impact of full compliance on fatalities with actual fatality changes and examine the reasons for the differences. We reviewed the preambles to OSHA standards and the Regulatory Impact Analyses (RIAs) prepared for them to identify the baseline and the prevention factor that the agency used to project the number of deaths that would be prevented. We used three data sources to track the relevant categories of fatalities: the Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries (CFOI), the National Traumatic Occupational Fatality program, and OSHAs Fatality/Catastrophe investigations. For all six standards, OSHA appeared to overestimate the number of deaths prevented. The availability of CFOI led to better estimates of the fatality baseline, but the prevention factor was always overestimated, especially for standards which emphasized training. OSHA needs to develop better methods for projecting injury impacts. Research is needed to help OSHA predict the effects of behavioral requirements (e.g., training) on actual work practices and injury outcomes. For non-fatal injuries, new methods of data collection will be required. Copyright 2004 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

  9. 77 FR 43018 - Updating OSHA Construction Standards Based on National Consensus Standards; Head Protection...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-23

    ...) with regard to the construction industry head protection standards to eliminate confusion resulting... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF LABOR Occupational Safety and Health Administration 29 CFR Part 1926 RIN 1218-AC65 Updating OSHA Construction...

  10. 29 CFR 500.132 - Applicable Federal standards: ETA and OSHA housing standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Applicable Federal standards: ETA and OSHA housing... Migrant Workers Housing Safety and Health § 500.132 Applicable Federal standards: ETA and OSHA housing... § 500.131, all migrant housing is subject to either the ETA standards or the OSHA standards, as...

  11. 75 FR 77798 - Interpretation of OSHA's Provisions for Feasible Administrative or Engineering Controls of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-14

    ... for Feasible Administrative or Engineering Controls of Occupational Noise AGENCY: Occupational Safety... Interpretation of OSHA's Provisions for Feasible Administrative or Engineering Controls of Occupational Noise... Interpretation of OSHA's Provisions for Feasible Administrative or Engineering Controls of Occupational Noise...

  12. Occupational exposure to ethylene oxide--OSHA. Final standard.

    PubMed

    1984-06-22

    In this Final Standard, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) establishes a permissible exposure limit for occupational exposure to ethylene oxide (EtO) of 1 part EtO per million parts of air (1 ppm) determined as an 8-hour time-weighted average concentration. The basis for this action is a determination by the Assistant Secretary, based on animal and human data, that exposure to EtO presents a carcinogenic, mutagenic, genotoxic, reproductive, neurologic and sensitization hazard to workers. The standard provides for, among other requirements, methods of exposure control, personal protective equipment, measurement of employee exposures, training, medical surveillance, signs and labels, regulated areas, emergency procedures and recordkeeping. An "action level" of 0.5 ppm as an 8-hour time-weighted average is established as the level above which employers must initiate certain compliance activities such as periodic employee exposure monitoring and medical surveillance. In instances where the employer can demonstrate that employee exposures are below the action level, the employer is not obligated to comply with most of the requirements set forth in this final rule. The 1 ppm 8-hour limit reduces significant risk from exposure to EtO and is considered by OSHA to be the lowest levels feasible.

  13. 77 FR 68684 - Updating OSHA Standards Based on National Consensus Standards; Head Protection

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-16

    ... Updating OSHA Standards Based on National Consensus Standards; Head Protection AGENCY: Occupational Safety...: OSHA is confirming the effective date of its direct final rule that revises the Head Protection..., OSHA published a direct final rule (DFR) in the Federal Register that revised its Head...

  14. 29 CFR 1904.9 - Recording criteria for cases involving medical removal under OSHA standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... under OSHA standards. 1904.9 Section 1904.9 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL... removal under OSHA standards. (a) Basic requirement. If an employee is medically removed under the medical surveillance requirements of an OSHA standard, you must record the case on the OSHA 300 Log. (b) Implementation...

  15. 29 CFR 1904.9 - Recording criteria for cases involving medical removal under OSHA standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... under OSHA standards. 1904.9 Section 1904.9 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL... removal under OSHA standards. (a) Basic requirement. If an employee is medically removed under the medical surveillance requirements of an OSHA standard, you must record the case on the OSHA 300 Log. (b) Implementation...

  16. 29 CFR 1904.9 - Recording criteria for cases involving medical removal under OSHA standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... under OSHA standards. 1904.9 Section 1904.9 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL... removal under OSHA standards. (a) Basic requirement. If an employee is medically removed under the medical surveillance requirements of an OSHA standard, you must record the case on the OSHA 300 Log. (b) Implementation...

  17. The National Shipbuilding Research Program. Occupational Safety & Health Administration (OSHA) Technical Advisory Committee

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2000-12-29

    0576 N5-97-3 Occupational Safety & Health Administration (OSHA) Technical Advisory Committee U.S. DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY CARDEROCK DIVISION, NAVAL...4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE The National Shipbuilding Research Program, Occupational Safety & Health Administration (OSHA) Technical Support

  18. 29 CFR 1904.9 - Recording criteria for cases involving medical removal under OSHA standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... surveillance requirements of an OSHA standard, you must record the case on the OSHA 300 Log. (b) Implementation—(1) How do I classify medical removal cases on the OSHA 300 Log? You must enter each medical removal case on the OSHA 300 Log as either a case involving days away from work or a case involving...

  19. 29 CFR 1904.9 - Recording criteria for cases involving medical removal under OSHA standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... surveillance requirements of an OSHA standard, you must record the case on the OSHA 300 Log. (b) Implementation—(1) How do I classify medical removal cases on the OSHA 300 Log? You must enter each medical removal case on the OSHA 300 Log as either a case involving days away from work or a case involving...

  20. Implications of OSHA's reliance on TLVs in developing the air contaminants standard

    SciTech Connect

    Robinson, J.C.; Paxman, D.G.; Rappaport, S.M. )

    1991-01-01

    This paper evaluates the decision by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) to base its Air Contaminants Standard on the threshold limit values (TLVs) of the American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists. Contrary to the claim made by OSHA in promulgating the standard, the TLV list was not the sole available basis for a generic standard covering toxic air contaminants. The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) presented data indicating that the TLVs were insufficiently protective for 98 substances. NIOSH Recommended Exposure Limits (RELs) were available for 59 of these substances. The ratio of PEL to REL ranged up to 1,000, with a median of 2.5 and a mean of 71.4. OSHA excluded 42 substances from the standard altogether despite the availability of NIOSH RELs, solely because no TLV had been established.

  1. Training Requirements in OSHA Standards and Training Guidelines. Revised.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Occupational Safety and Health Administration, Washington, DC.

    This guide provides an overview of Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA) standards and training guidelines for various industries. The first section introduces the concept of voluntary training guidelines, explaining that the guidelines are designed to help employers determine whether a worksite problem can be solved by training, what training…

  2. Updating OSHA standards based on national consensus standards. final rule; confirmation of effective date.

    PubMed

    2008-03-14

    OSHA is confirming the effective date of its direct final rule that revises a number of standards for general industry that refer to national consensus standards. The direct final rule states that it would become effective on March 13, 2008 unless OSHA receives significant adverse comment on these revisions by January 14, 2008. OSHA received no adverse comments by that date and, therefore, is confirming that the rule will become effective on March 13, 2008.

  3. The OSHA hazardous chemical occupational exposure standard for laboratories.

    PubMed

    Armbruster, D A

    1991-01-01

    OSHA's chemical occupational exposure standard for laboratories is an outgrowth of the previously issued Hazard Communication Standard. The standard relieves laboratories from complying with general industry standards but does require compliance with specific laboratory guidelines. The heart of the standard is the creation of a Chemical Hygiene Plan (CHP). The CHP addresses major issues such as safety equipment and procedures, work practices, training, the designation of a chemical hygiene officer, and the provision of medical consultation and examination for affected employees. This new standard, in full effect as of January 31, 1991, presents yet another regulatory challenge to laboratory managers but also ensures a safer environment for laboratory workers.

  4. 77 FR 42988 - Updating OSHA Construction Standards Based on National Consensus Standards; Head Protection...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-23

    ...; correction. SUMMARY: OSHA is correcting a direct final rule (DFR) with regard to the construction industry... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF LABOR Occupational Safety and Health Administration 29 CFR Part 1926 RIN 1218-AC65 Updating OSHA Construction...

  5. Updating OSHA standards based on national consensus standards. Direct final rule.

    PubMed

    2007-12-14

    In this direct final rule, the Agency is removing several references to consensus standards that have requirements that duplicate, or are comparable to, other OSHA rules; this action includes correcting a paragraph citation in one of these OSHA rules. The Agency also is removing a reference to American Welding Society standard A3.0-1969 ("Terms and Definitions") in its general-industry welding standards. This rulemaking is a continuation of OSHA's ongoing effort to update references to consensus and industry standards used throughout its rules.

  6. Updating OSHA Standards Based on National Consensus Standards; Eye and Face Protection. Final rule.

    PubMed

    2016-03-25

    On March 13, 2015, OSHA published in the Federal Register a notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM) to revise its eye and face protection standards for general industry, shipyard employment, marine terminals, longshoring, and construction by updating the references to national consensus standards approved by the American National Standards Institute (ANSI). OSHA received no significant objections from commenters and therefore is adopting the amendments as proposed. This final rule updates the references in OSHA's eye and face standards to reflect the most recent edition of the ANSI/International Safety Equipment Association (ISEA) eye and face protection standard. It removes the oldest-referenced edition of the same ANSI standard. It also amends other provisions of the construction eye and face protection standard to bring them into alignment with OSHA's general industry and maritime standards.

  7. An analysis of violations of Osha's (1987) occupational exposure to benzene standard.

    PubMed

    Williams, Pamela R D

    2014-01-01

    The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), which was formed by the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 (OSH Act), establishes enforceable health and safety standards in the workplace and issues violations and penalties for non-compliance with these standards. The purpose of the current study was to evaluate the number and type of violations of the OSHA (1987) Occupational Exposure to Benzene Standard. Violations of the OSHA Hazard Communication Standard (HCS), particularly those that may pertain to specific provisions of the benzene standard, were also assessed. All analyses were based on OSHA inspection data that have been collected since the early 1970s and that are publicly available from the U.S. Department of Labor enforcement website. Analysis of these data shows that fewer than a thousand OSHA violations of the benzene standard have been issued over the last 25+ years. The results for benzene are in contrast to those for some other toxic and hazardous substances that are regulated by OSHA, such as blood-borne pathogens, lead, and asbestos, for which there have been issued tens of thousands of OSHA violations. The number of benzene standard violations also varies by time period, standard provision, industry sector, and other factors. In particular, the greatest number of benzene standard violations occurred during the late 1980s to early/mid 1990s, soon after the 1987 final benzene rule was promulgated. The majority of benzene standard violations also pertain to noncompliance with specific provisions and subprovisions of the standard dealing with initial exposure monitoring requirements, the communication of hazards to employees, and medical surveillance programs. Only a small fraction of HCS violations are attributed, at least in part, to potential benzene hazards in the workplace. In addition, most benzene standard violations are associated with specific industries within the manufacturing sector where benzene or benzene

  8. 78 FR 65932 - Updating OSHA Standards Based on National Consensus Standards; Signage

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-04

    ... general industry and construction. DATES: Effective November 4, 2013, OSHA is withdrawing the proposed... rule (DFR) (see 78 FR 35585) updating its signage standards for general industry and construction. In...

  9. OSHA: New Ways of Working

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    es) U.S. Dept of Labor Occupational Safety & Health Administration 200 Constitution Avenue Washington, DC 20210 Performing Organization Report...programs must have a standard that is identical to, or at least as effective as, the federal standard. OSHA Regional Offices WWW.OSHA.GOV U.S. Department of Labor Occupational Safety and Health Administration

  10. Evaluating sharps safety devices: meeting OSHA's intent. Occupational Safety and Health Administration.

    PubMed

    Pugliese, G; Germanson, T P; Bartley, J; Luca, J; Lamerato, L; Cox, J; Jagger, J

    2001-07-01

    The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) revised the Bloodborne Pathogen Standard and, on July 17, 2001, began enforcing the use of appropriate and effective sharps devices with engineered sharps-injury protection. OSHA requires employers to maintain a sharps-injury log that records, among other items, the type and brand of contaminated sharps device involved in each injury. Federal OSHA does not require needlestick injury rates to be calculated by brand or type of device. A sufficient sample size to show a valid comparison of safety devices, based on injury rates, is rarely feasible in a single facility outside of a formal research trial. Thus, calculations of injury rates should not be used by employers for product evaluations to compare the effectiveness of safety devices. This article provides examples of sample-size requirements for statistically valid comparisons, ranging from 100,000 to 4.5 million of each device, depending on study design, and expected reductions in needlestick injury rates.

  11. 78 FR 35585 - Updating OSHA Standards Based on National Consensus Standards; Signage

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-13

    ... National Standards Institute (``ANSI'') standards on specifications for accident prevention signs and tags... references to the earlier ANSI standards, ANSI Z53.1-1967, Z35.1-1968, and Z35.2-1968, in its signage... standards that refer to old \\1\\ versions of this ANSI standard. Pitsor letter (Ex. OSHA-2013-0005-0003, p. 1...

  12. Protecting workers from pathogens. Employers must act now to comply with OSHA's new standard on bloodborne pathogens.

    PubMed

    White, C L

    1992-04-01

    A new standard set forth by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) requires healthcare employers to implement sweeping new controls in areas such as record keeping, engineering, hazard prevention, and work practice. Through the bloodborne pathogen standard, which went into effect on March 6, OSHA acknowledges that healthcare workers face significant health risks as a result of occupational exposure to blood and other infectious materials. Although most prudent healthcare providers already adhere to the Centers for Disease Control's universal precautions, the OSHA regulations include several additional mandatory measures that are more specific and stringent. The additional measures include the development of an exposure control plan, procedures for responding to an employee's exposure to bloodborne pathogens, the implementation of certain engineering and work practice controls to eliminate or minimize on-the-job exposure risks, and the provision of personal protective equipment and information and training programs. OSHA estimates that the greatest cost component of implementing procedures to bring a facility into compliance is attributable to the purchase of personal protective equipment. Although the costs of compliance are substantial, OSHA has estimated that these costs represent less than 1 percent of the healthcare industry's annual revenues. Violation of the bloodborne pathogen standard may result in penalties of up to $70,000, depending on the severity of the infraction. Criminal penalties are also possible for willful violations that result in worker death.

  13. OSHA compliance handbook

    SciTech Connect

    Railton, W.S.

    1992-01-01

    This handbook provides easy-to-understand explanations of OSHA that will put you on track toward meeting your OSHA requirements. It covers the following: OSHA Standards, The General Duty Clause, Recordkeeping, Hazard Communication/Right-to-Know, OSHA Inspections, Civil Penalties and Violations, Contesting Alleged Violations and Penalties, Criminal Prosecutions, Effect of OSHA on Civil Litigation.

  14. OSHA targets reducing needlesticks among HCWs. Occupational Safety and Health Administration.

    PubMed

    1998-11-01

    The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) set a deadline for receiving information on engineering practices that have reduced the number of percutaneous injuries among health care workers. California leads the nation in efforts to reduce these accidents; the State requires the use of safer needle devices whenever possible. OSHA estimates the number of occupational exposures to be 600,000 annually, but the number of exposures is vastly under reported. Accidental needle sticks remain a major occupational health concern.

  15. 29 CFR 500.132 - Applicable Federal standards: ETA and OSHA housing standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF LABOR REGULATIONS MIGRANT AND SEASONAL AGRICULTURAL WORKER PROTECTION Motor Vehicle Safety and Insurance for Transportation of Migrant and Seasonal Agricultural Workers, Housing Safety and Health for Migrant Workers Housing Safety and Health § 500.132 Applicable Federal standards: ETA and OSHA housing...

  16. 29 CFR 500.132 - Applicable Federal standards: ETA and OSHA housing standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF LABOR REGULATIONS MIGRANT AND SEASONAL AGRICULTURAL WORKER PROTECTION Motor Vehicle Safety and Insurance for Transportation of Migrant and Seasonal Agricultural Workers, Housing Safety and Health for Migrant Workers Housing Safety and Health § 500.132 Applicable Federal standards: ETA and OSHA housing...

  17. 29 CFR 500.132 - Applicable Federal standards: ETA and OSHA housing standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF LABOR REGULATIONS MIGRANT AND SEASONAL AGRICULTURAL WORKER PROTECTION Motor Vehicle Safety and Insurance for Transportation of Migrant and Seasonal Agricultural Workers, Housing Safety and Health for Migrant Workers Housing Safety and Health § 500.132 Applicable Federal standards: ETA and OSHA housing...

  18. 29 CFR 500.132 - Applicable Federal standards: ETA and OSHA housing standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF LABOR REGULATIONS MIGRANT AND SEASONAL AGRICULTURAL WORKER PROTECTION Motor Vehicle Safety and Insurance for Transportation of Migrant and Seasonal Agricultural Workers, Housing Safety and Health for Migrant Workers Housing Safety and Health § 500.132 Applicable Federal standards: ETA and OSHA housing...

  19. Trends in occupational lead exposure since the 1978 OSHA lead standard.

    PubMed

    Okun, Andrea; Cooper, Gregory; Bailer, A John; Bena, James; Stayner, Leslie

    2004-06-01

    The purpose of the study was to evaluate trends in occupational lead exposures throughout U.S. industry after the establishment of the general industry lead standard in 1978 and the construction industry standard in 1993. Lead exposure measurements collected by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) under their compliance and consultation programs were analyzed. Time trends in the distributions of exposure levels were evaluated graphically. Trends in the proportion of exposures above the OSHA permissible exposure limit (PEL) were analyzed using logistic regression models. The distribution of lead exposure levels declined over the study time period for general industry, but not for construction. The median exposure levels for general industry facilities decreased five- to tenfold. Logistic regression models reveal statistically significant declines in the odds of a lead exposure exceeding the PEL. This study provides evidence for relatively large decreases in lead exposure levels in general industry facilities over time. The study does not provide similar evidence for the construction industry. Given the limited number of years of data available since the implementation of the revised construction standard for lead, re-analysis of lead exposure levels within this industry would be worthwhile when more data become available.

  20. Selected science: an industry campaign to undermine an OSHA hexavalent chromium standard.

    PubMed

    Michaels, David; Monforton, Celeste; Lurie, Peter

    2006-02-23

    While exposure to hexavalent chromium (Cr(VI)) has been associated with increased lung cancer risk for more than 50 years, the chemical is not currently regulated by the U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) on the basis of its carcinogenicity. The agency was petitioned in 1993 and sued in 1997 and 2002 to lower the workplace Cr(VI) exposure limit, resulting in a court order to issue a final standard by February 2006. Faced with the threat of stronger regulation, the chromium industry initiated an effort to challenge the scientific evidence supporting a more protective standard. This effort included the use of "product defense" consultants to conduct post hoc analyses of a publicly-funded study to challenge results viewed unfavorably by the industry. The industry also commissioned a study of the mortality experience of workers at four low-exposure chromium plants, but did not make the results available to OSHA in a timely manner, despite multiple agency requests for precisely these sorts of data. The commissioned study found a statistically significant elevation in lung cancer risk among Cr(VI)-exposed workers at levels far below the current standard. This finding changed when the multi-plant cohort was divided into two statistically underpowered components and then published separately. The findings of the first paper published have been used by the chromium industry to attempt to slow OSHA's standard setting process. The second paper was withheld from OSHA until it was accepted for publication in a scientific journal, after the rulemaking record had closed. Studies funded by private sponsors that seek to influence public regulatory proceedings should be subject to the same access and reporting provisions as those applied to publicly funded science. Parties in regulatory proceedings should be required to disclose whether the studies were performed by researchers who had the right to present their findings without the sponsor's consent or

  1. Selected science: an industry campaign to undermine an OSHA hexavalent chromium standard

    PubMed Central

    Michaels, David; Monforton, Celeste; Lurie, Peter

    2006-01-01

    While exposure to hexavalent chromium (Cr(VI)) has been associated with increased lung cancer risk for more than 50 years, the chemical is not currently regulated by the U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) on the basis of its carcinogenicity. The agency was petitioned in 1993 and sued in 1997 and 2002 to lower the workplace Cr(VI) exposure limit, resulting in a court order to issue a final standard by February 2006. Faced with the threat of stronger regulation, the chromium industry initiated an effort to challenge the scientific evidence supporting a more protective standard. This effort included the use of "product defense" consultants to conduct post hoc analyses of a publicly-funded study to challenge results viewed unfavorably by the industry. The industry also commissioned a study of the mortality experience of workers at four low-exposure chromium plants, but did not make the results available to OSHA in a timely manner, despite multiple agency requests for precisely these sorts of data. The commissioned study found a statistically significant elevation in lung cancer risk among Cr(VI)-exposed workers at levels far below the current standard. This finding changed when the multi-plant cohort was divided into two statistically underpowered components and then published separately. The findings of the first paper published have been used by the chromium industry to attempt to slow OSHA's standard setting process. The second paper was withheld from OSHA until it was accepted for publication in a scientific journal, after the rulemaking record had closed. Studies funded by private sponsors that seek to influence public regulatory proceedings should be subject to the same access and reporting provisions as those applied to publicly funded science. Parties in regulatory proceedings should be required to disclose whether the studies were performed by researchers who had the right to present their findings without the sponsor's consent or

  2. Setting up annual OSHA training--bloodborne pathogen standard.

    PubMed

    O'Brien, Judith A

    2006-11-28

    While monitoring actual performance will always be of paramount importance, laboratory managers must also be vigilant about protecting their employees. In Part One of this two-part series discussing OSHA training procedures, columnist Judith O'Brien examines the necessary precautions related to bloodborne pathogens.

  3. Evaluating OSHA's ethylene oxide standard: employer exposure-monitoring activities in Massachusetts hospitals from 1985 through 1993.

    PubMed Central

    LaMontagne, A D; Kelsey, K T

    1997-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: This study characterized exposure-monitoring activities and findings under the Occupational Safety and Health Administration's (OSHA's) 1984 ethylene oxide (EtO) standard. METHODS: In-depth mail and telephone surveys were followed by on-site interviews at all EtO-using hospitals in Massachusetts (n = 92, 96% participation rate). RESULTS: By 1993, most hospitals had performed personal exposure monitoring for OSHA's 8-hour action level (95%) and the excursion limit (87%), although most did not meet the 1985 implementation deadline. In 1993, 66% of hospitals reported the installation of EtO alarms to fulfill the standard's "alert" requirement. Alarm installation also lagged behind the 1985 deadline and peaked following a series of EtO citations by OSHA. From 1990 through 1992, 23% of hospitals reported having exceeded the action level once or more; 24% reported having exceeded the excursion limit; and 33% reported that workers were accidentally exposed to EtO in the absence of personal monitoring. CONCLUSIONS: Almost a decade after passage of the EtO standard, exposure-monitoring requirements were widely, but not completely, implemented. Work-shift exposures had markedly decreased since the mid-1980s, but overexposures continued to occur widely. OSHA enforcement appears to have stimulated implementation. PMID:9240100

  4. Impact of the OSHA trench and excavation standard on fatal injury in the construction industry.

    PubMed

    Suruda, Anthony; Whitaker, Brad; Bloswick, Donald; Philips, Peter; Sesek, Richard

    2002-10-01

    In 1989 the US Occupational Safety & Health Administration revised the excavation and trenching standard. We examined fatal injuries from trench cave-in in the construction industry for five year periods before and after the revision in the 47 US states for which data were available for both periods. There was a 2-fold decline in the rate of fatal injury after revision of the standard, which substantially exceeded the decline in other causes of fatal injury in the construction industry during the same period. The decline was somewhat greater in large business firms but was evident in construction firms of all size classes. The fatality rate from trench cave-in in union construction workers was approximately half that of nonunion workers, but we were unable to determine whether this was best explained by union status, employment of union workers at larger construction firms, or both. This study provides evidence for the effectiveness of OSHA regulation in preventing fatal work injury.

  5. OSHA to inspect hospitals, medical clinics for use of safer needles. Occupational Safety and Health Administration.

    PubMed

    1999-11-26

    The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) has notified compliance officers of its intention to start imposing sanctions against health care facilities that do not use safe-needle devices. OSHA also said that facilities need to conduct yearly audits of their bloodborne pathogen programs, and must integrate new technologies wherever possible to protect their employees from exposure. Facilities affected include hospitals, home health service organizations, employment agencies, independent health care professionals, and independent contractors. About 800,000 hospital workers are accidentally punctured by needles each year. HIV is present in about 2 percent of those cases, but only a small number of workers actually contract the virus. The directive is available on the OSHA web site, and contact information is provided.

  6. Industrial responses to constrained OSHA regulation. Occupational Safety and Health Administration.

    PubMed

    Pedersen, D H

    2000-01-01

    As part of the effort to reduce the size and economic impact of the federal establishment, congressional conservatives are proposing legislation to restrict the regulatory activity of the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA). These proposals push OSHA toward a purely consultative role, at a corresponding cost in direct regulatory capability. The Clinton administration's reinvention of government initiative is also moving OSHA toward a consultative role based on a strategy of cooperative compliance or industry self-regulation with a strong coercive foundation. Since both camps appear to agree that self-regulation can assure a safe and healthy workplace, the remaining debate concerns the extent to which coercive regulation is still needed. National survey data on the industrial provision of occupational safety and health services in the manufacturing sector were used to measure changes in industrial safety and health activity between 1972-74 and 1981-83. In conjunction with data on OSHA command-and-control regulatory activity from 1972 to 1979, these data permitted an examination of the relationship between command-and-control regulatory activities and changes in industrial behavior that could be regarded as a form of self-regulation. This analysis showed that coercive regulation by OSHA in the 1970s was significantly related to industry self-regulation efforts, although the relationship varied by industrial facility employment size and type of regulatory coercion. These results indicate that coercive regulation should be retained as an industrial incentive in any self-regulation policy paradigm. The results also provide evidence that OSHA regulatory policy should be based on anticipated differences in industrial response to various coercive measures.

  7. Dipping and coating operations. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), Labor. Final rule.

    PubMed

    1999-03-23

    OSHA's standards for dipping and coating operations, codified at sections 1910.108 and 1910.94(d), are designed to protect employees from fire, explosion, and other hazards associated with these operations. On April 7, 1998 (63 FR 16918), OSHA published proposed revisions to these standards in the Federal Register. The Federal Register announcement requested comments on the proposed rule, as well as on three major issues identified by OSHA. Based on these comments and other considerations, the Agency has developed the final standard to accomplish several goals: To rewrite the former standards in plain language; to consolidate the former requirements in sequential sections (sections 1910.122 through 1910.126 in subpart H of part 1910); and to update the former standards to increase the compliance options available to employers. In addition to achieving these goals, OSHA concludes that the final rule being published today will enhance employee protection by making it more understandable and useful to employers and employees and more flexible and performance-oriented than the former rules. The final rule accomplishes these goals without increasing the regulatory burden of employers or reducing employee protection.

  8. OSHA. Training Module 4.330.3.77.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fillenwarth, Lynn; Bonnstetter, Ron

    This document is an instructional module package prepared in objective form for use by an instructor familiar with the Federal and Iowa Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA). Included are objectives, instructor guides, and student handouts. This module includes an overview of OSHA administration, analysis of OSHA standards including…

  9. The OSHA Communication Standard and State Right-to-Know Laws.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roll, Michalene H.

    1990-01-01

    As a result of a 1988 federal appellate court mandate, schools and colleges in 24 states and 2 territories with OSHA-approved state plans must inform their employees about hazardous chemicals to which they may be exposed. School administrators should implement a responsible program meeting regulatory compliance, tort liability, and public…

  10. 78 FR 66642 - Updating OSHA Standards Based on National Consensus Standards; Signage

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-06

    ... relevant information, also are available at OSHA's Web page at http:// www.osha.gov . Confirmation of the... `` ad OSHA deleted the reference to the ANSI Z35.1-1968 language, these signs would require replacement at considerable and unnecessary cost to employers.'' Id. A second commenter, Mr. Blair Brewster of...

  11. OSHA's approach to risk assessment for setting a revised occupational exposure standard for 1,3-butadiene.

    PubMed Central

    Grossman, E A; Martonik, J

    1990-01-01

    In its 1980 benzene decision [Industrial Union Department, ALF-CIO v. American Petroleum Institute, 448 U.S. 607 (1980)], the Supreme Court ruled that "before he can promulgate any permanent health or safety standard, the Secretary [of Labor] is required to make a threshold finding that a place of employment is unsafe--in the sense that significant risks are present and can be lessened by a change in practices" (448 U.S. at 642). The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) has interpreted this to mean that whenever possible, it must quantify the risk associated with occupational exposure to a toxic substance at the current permissible exposure limit (PEL). If OSHA determines that there is significant risk to workers' health at its current standard, then it must quantify the risk associated with a variety of alternative standards to determine at what level, if any, occupational exposure to a substance no longer poses a significant risk. For rulemaking on occupational exposure to 1,3-butadiene, there are two studies that are suitable for quantitative risk assessment. One is a mouse inhalation bioassay conducted by the National Toxicology Program (NTP), and the other is a rat inhalation bioassay conducted by Hazelton Laboratories Europe. Of the four risk assessments that have been submitted to OSHA, all four have used the mouse and/or rat data with a variety of models to quantify the risk associated with occupational exposure to 1,3-butadiene. In addition, OSHA has performed its own risk assessment using the female mouse and female rat data and the one-hit and multistage models.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:2401254

  12. OSHA's approach to risk assessment for setting a revised occupational exposure standard for 1,3-butadiene.

    PubMed

    Grossman, E A; Martonik, J

    1990-06-01

    In its 1980 benzene decision [Industrial Union Department, ALF-CIO v. American Petroleum Institute, 448 U.S. 607 (1980)], the Supreme Court ruled that "before he can promulgate any permanent health or safety standard, the Secretary [of Labor] is required to make a threshold finding that a place of employment is unsafe--in the sense that significant risks are present and can be lessened by a change in practices" (448 U.S. at 642). The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) has interpreted this to mean that whenever possible, it must quantify the risk associated with occupational exposure to a toxic substance at the current permissible exposure limit (PEL). If OSHA determines that there is significant risk to workers' health at its current standard, then it must quantify the risk associated with a variety of alternative standards to determine at what level, if any, occupational exposure to a substance no longer poses a significant risk. For rulemaking on occupational exposure to 1,3-butadiene, there are two studies that are suitable for quantitative risk assessment. One is a mouse inhalation bioassay conducted by the National Toxicology Program (NTP), and the other is a rat inhalation bioassay conducted by Hazelton Laboratories Europe. Of the four risk assessments that have been submitted to OSHA, all four have used the mouse and/or rat data with a variety of models to quantify the risk associated with occupational exposure to 1,3-butadiene. In addition, OSHA has performed its own risk assessment using the female mouse and female rat data and the one-hit and multistage models.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

  13. OSHA [Three Booklets.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Occupational Safety and Health Administration, Washington, DC.

    This document consists of three separate booklets designed to educate the public and users about the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA). The 54-page "All about OSHA" is intended to provide a nonexhaustive overview of OSHA services. The following topics are discussed: the need for occupational safety and health…

  14. Improving compliance with Occupational Safety and Health Administration standards.

    PubMed

    Cuming, Richard; Rocco, Tonette S; McEachern, Adriana G

    2008-02-01

    Health care facilities can be dangerous places. The mission of the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) is to improve the safety of the American workplace by developing and implementing standards that prevent occupational injury, illness, and death. Perioperative services are performed in environments where exposure to bloodborne pathogens is a daily occurrence, making implementation and compliance with OSHA standards very important. Employees and employers must remain current with workplace safety requirements, including use of personal protective equipment. This article presents implications of the OSHA standards for employers, educators, and employees.

  15. OSHA: Employee Workplace Rights

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2000-01-01

    plan may submit a Complaint About State Program Administration ( CASPA ) to the appropriate OSHA regional administrator (see lists at the end of this book...let). Under CASPA procedures, the OSHA regional administra- tor investigates these complaints and informs the state and the complainant of these

  16. A legacy of struggle: the OSHA ergonomics standard and beyond, Part II.

    PubMed

    Delp, Linda; Mojtahedi, Zahra; Sheikh, Hina; Lemus, Jackie

    2014-11-01

    The OSHA ergonomics standard issued in 2000 was repealed within four months through a Congressional resolution that limits future ergonomics rulemaking. This section continues the conversation initiated in Part I, documenting a legacy of struggle for an ergonomics standard through the voices of eight labor, academic, and government key informants. Part I summarized important components of the standard; described the convergence of labor activism, research, and government action that laid the foundation for a standard; and highlighted the debates that characterized the rulemaking process. Part II explores the anti-regulatory political landscape of the 1990s, as well as the key opponents, power dynamics, and legal maneuvers that led to repeal of the standard. This section also describes the impact of the ergonomics struggle beyond the standard itself and ends with a discussion of creative state-level policy initiatives and coalition approaches to prevent work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs) in today's sociopolitical context.

  17. Forest management practices and the occupational safety and health administration logging standard

    Treesearch

    John R. Myers; David Elton Fosbroke

    1995-01-01

    The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) has established safety and health regulations for the logging industry. These new regulations move beyond the prior OSHA pulpwood harvesting standard by including sawtimber harvesting operations. Because logging is a major tool used by forest managers to meet silvicultural goals, managers must be aware of what...

  18. Controlling OSHA PSM documentation

    SciTech Connect

    Person, J.S.

    1997-06-01

    At present, most companies in the hazardous materials process industries are knowledgeable in the requirements of the OSHA Process Safety Management (PSM) standard (29 CFR 1910.119), issued in May of 1992. The current question facing many of these companies is no longer ``How does one comply?`` but rather, ``What does one do with all the documentation generated from the OSHA PSM Standard?``. Using an Electronic Performance Support System (EPSS) for delivering and controlling OSHA PSM documentation will be discussed. This paper will address the important components of an EPSS and successful case studies.

  19. Academic Experiences with OSHA

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schmidt, Raymond L.

    1977-01-01

    Reports the results of a survey of college and university chemistry departments that identifies the level of inspections that have occurred due to new standards set by the Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA). (MLH)

  20. Academic Experiences with OSHA

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schmidt, Raymond L.

    1977-01-01

    Reports the results of a survey of college and university chemistry departments that identifies the level of inspections that have occurred due to new standards set by the Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA). (MLH)

  1. Mapping sound intensities by seating position in a university concert band: A risk of hearing loss, temporary threshold shifts, and comparisons with standards of OSHA and NIOSH

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Holland, Nicholas Vedder, III

    Exposure to loud sounds is one of the leading causes of hearing loss in the United States. The purpose of the current research was to measure the sound pressure levels generated within a university concert band and determine if those levels exceeded permissible sound limits for exposure according to criteria set by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) and the National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH). Time-weighted averages (TWA) were obtained via a dosimeter during six rehearsals for nine members of the ensemble (plus the conductor), who were seated in frontal proximity to "instruments of power" (trumpets, trombones, and percussion; (Backus, 1977). Subjects received audiometer tests prior to and after each rehearsal to determine any temporary threshold shifts (TTS). Single sample t tests were calculated to compare TWA means and the maximum sound intensity exposures set by OSHA and NIOSH. Correlations were calculated between TWAs and TTSs, as well as TTSs and the number of semesters subjects reported being seated in proximity to instruments of power. The TWA-OSHA mean of 90.2 dBA was not significantly greater than the specified OSHA maximum standard of 90.0 dBA (p > .05). The TWA-NIOSH mean of 93.1 dBA was, however, significantly greater than the NIOSH specified maximum standard of 85.0 dBA (p < .05). The correlation between TWAs and TTSs was considered weak (r = .21 for OSHA, r = .20 for NIOSH); the correlation between TTSs and semesters of proximity to instruments of power was also considered weak (r = .13). TWAs cumulatively exceeded both association's sound exposure limits at 11 specified locations (nine subjects and both ears of the conductor) throughout the concert band's rehearsals. In addition, hearing acuity, as determined by TTSs, was substantially affected negatively by the intensities produced in the concert band. The researcher concluded that conductors, as well as their performers, must be aware of possible

  2. 78 FR 47419 - Requirements for the OSHA Training Institute Education Centers Program and the OSHA Outreach...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-05

    ... Occupational Safety and Health Administration Requirements for the OSHA Training Institute Education Centers Program and the OSHA Outreach Training Program; Requesting the Office of Management and Budget's (OMB... contained in the OSHA Training Institute Education Centers Program and the OSHA Outreach Training Program...

  3. 78 FR 35559 - Updating OSHA Standards Based on National Consensus Standards; Signage

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-13

    ... the American National Standards Institute (``ANSI'') standards on specifications for accident... retaining the existing references to the earlier ANSI standards, ANSI Z53.1-1967, Z35.1-1968 and Z35.2-1968... Institute (``ANSI'') standards cited in 29 CFR 1910.97(a)(3)(ii); 1910.145(d)(2), (d)(4), and (d)(6); 1910...

  4. 76 FR 80735 - Corrections and Technical Amendments to 16 OSHA Standards

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-27

    ... the local fire/rescue department, appropriate medical professional, or local emergency room may be... the local fire/rescue department, appropriate medical professional, or local emergency room may be..., Director, OSHA Office of Communications, Room N3647, U.S. Department of Labor, 200 Constitution Avenue NW...

  5. 77 FR 68717 - Updating OSHA Standards Based on National Consensus Standards; Head Protection

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-16

    ... Protection standards for general industry, shipyard employment, marine terminals, longshoring, and... standards for general industry at 29 CFR 1910.135, shipyard employment at 29 CFR 1915.155, marine...

  6. OSHA and Experimental Safety Design.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sichak, Stephen, Jr.

    1983-01-01

    Suggests that a governmental agency, most likely Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) be considered in the safety design stage of any experiment. Focusing on OSHA's role, discusses such topics as occupational health hazards of toxic chemicals in laboratories, occupational exposure to benzene, and role/regulations of other agencies.…

  7. OSHA and Experimental Safety Design.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sichak, Stephen, Jr.

    1983-01-01

    Suggests that a governmental agency, most likely Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) be considered in the safety design stage of any experiment. Focusing on OSHA's role, discusses such topics as occupational health hazards of toxic chemicals in laboratories, occupational exposure to benzene, and role/regulations of other agencies.…

  8. 77 FR 37617 - Updating OSHA Standards Based on National Consensus Standards; Head Protection

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-22

    ... its general industry, shipyard employment, longshoring, and marine terminals standards regarding...), subpart E of part 1917 (Marine Terminals), subpart J of part 1918 (Longshoring), and subpart E of part... test equipment (including force-measuring systems and velocity-measuring systems), and a procedure for...

  9. 77 FR 37587 - Updating OSHA Standards Based on National Consensus Standards; Head Protection

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-22

    ... of its general industry, shipyard employment, longshoring, and marine terminals standards regarding... E of part 1917 (Marine Terminals), subpart J of part 1918 (Longshoring), and subpart E of part 1926... test equipment (including force-measuring systems and velocity-measuring systems), and a procedure for...

  10. All About OSHA

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2000-01-01

    Occupational Safety and Health Act on December 29, 1970. The OSH Act created the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), which formally...came into being on April 28, 1971. The OSH Act also established the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, or NIOSH. NIOSH is the...research agency for occupational safety and health. It is not part of OSHA, but is considered a sister agency. NIOSH is part of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and

  11. Nevada State plan; final approval determination. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), U.S. Department of Labor. Final State plan approval--Nevada.

    PubMed

    2000-04-18

    This document amends OSHA's regulations to reflect the Assistant Secretary's decision granting final approval to the Nevada State plan. As a result of this affirmative determination under section 18(e) of the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970, Federal OSHA's standards and enforcement authority no longer apply to occupational safety and health issues covered by the Nevada plan, and authority for Federal concurrent jurisdiction is relinquished. Federal enforcement jurisdiction is retained over any private sector maritime employment, private sector employers on Indian land, and any contractors or subcontractors on any Federal establishment where the land is exclusive Federal jurisdiction. Federal jurisdiction remains in effect with respect to Federal government employers and employees. Federal OSHA will also retain authority for coverage of the United States Postal Service (USPS), including USPS employees, contract employees, and contractor-operated facilities engaged in USPS mail operations.

  12. Standards for Administrators.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lashway, Larry

    1998-01-01

    This newsletter reviews five reports that address the implications of standards for administrators. These texts include "Designing and Implementing Standards-Based Accountability System" (Education Commission of the States), which describes some of the policy implications of standards-driven accountability; "Why Principals Fail: Are National…

  13. Occupational exposure to bloodborne pathogens; needlestick and other sharps injuries; final rule. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), Department of Labor. Final rule; request for comment on the Information Collection (Paperwork) Requirements.

    PubMed

    2001-01-18

    The Occupational Safety and Health Administration is revising the Bloodborne Pathogens standard in conformance with the requirements of the Needlestick Safety and Prevention Act. This Act directs OSHA to revise the Bloodborne Pathogens standard to include new examples in the definition of engineering controls along with two new definitions; to require that Exposure Control Plans reflect how employers implement new developments in control technology; to require employers to solicit input from employees responsible for direct patient care in the identification, evaluation, and selection of engineering and work practice controls; and to require certain employers to establish and maintain a log of percutaneous injuries from contaminated sharps.

  14. Pilot program to evaluate the effectiveness of OSHA (occupational safety and health act) construction standards at the point of erection. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Pals, J.; Kane, J.; Marcello, J.

    1982-01-15

    Both labor and management in the construction industry are concerned with the enforcement of four OSHA construction standards (regarding the use of safety belts, nets, and training) at the point of erection. This concern prompted this project which is a pilot program to evaluate the effectiveness of these standards at the point of erection in steel and precast/prestressed erection. To accomplish this objective, nine erection sites of various kinds were visited; contacts were made with unions, contractors, associations, and various OSHA officials; and data was obtained regarding fall accidents occurring at the point of erection.

  15. Standards and Administration.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gross, S. P.

    1978-01-01

    Presents a literature review of water quality standards and administration, covering publications of 1976-77. Consideration is given to municipal facilities, National Pollutant Discharge Elimination Systems, regional and international water quality management, and effluent standards. A list of 99 references is also presented. (HM)

  16. Industry Raps OSHA's Proposed Cancer Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chemical and Engineering News, 1978

    1978-01-01

    Presents the response of the American Industrial Health Council (AIHC) to the Occupational Safety and Health Administration's (OSHA's) genetic proposal for regulating chemical carcinogens in industry. (HM)

  17. Industry Raps OSHA's Proposed Cancer Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chemical and Engineering News, 1978

    1978-01-01

    Presents the response of the American Industrial Health Council (AIHC) to the Occupational Safety and Health Administration's (OSHA's) genetic proposal for regulating chemical carcinogens in industry. (HM)

  18. The effect of the OSHA lead exposure in construction standard on blood lead levels among iron workers employed in bridge rehabilitation.

    PubMed

    Levin, S M; Goldberg, M; Doucette, J T

    1997-03-01

    Over 50,000 workers are at risk of occupational exposure to lead in the course of renovating the nation's deteriorating infrastructure. In mid-1993, to control exposure to lead in the construction setting OSHA promulgated a Lead in Construction Standard. In this study, we assessed the effect of the mandated changes in exposure conditions which followed the introduction of this new standard. We analyzed changes in baseline and maximum blood lead concentrations and in maximum increments in blood lead levels before and after introduction of the standard among iron workers employed in the renovation of a large, lead-painted, steel bridge in New York City. Results indicated that baseline and maximum blood lead levels fell significantly after the implementation of the provisions of the standard, as did maximum increments in blood lead concentrations. Seventy-six percent of the workers maintained blood lead concentrations below 20 micrograms/dl after the OSHA standard, as compared with 66% prior to its implementation. Increments of 20 micrograms/dl or more occurred considerably more frequently before introduction of the standard (13% before vs. 4% after; p = 0.01). Evidence of decreased exposure to lead was observed among iron workers who were present both before and after the introduction of the OSHA standard, as well as among iron workers newly hired after the OSHA provisions were put in place. These findings document the effectiveness of the OSHA construction lead standard in controlling exposure to lead in this complex and variable environment. The data indicate the utility of blood lead determinations in assessing the outcome of industrial hygiene interventions to reduce exposures to lead in the construction setting.

  19. Safe and secure. How to create an effective OSHA compliance program in your practice.

    PubMed

    Anderson, Douglas G

    2007-08-01

    Medical group practice administrators have a responsibility to provide a safe working environment for their employees and patients. You must create an effective Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) compliance program in your organization. The complexity and diversity of OSHA standards are significant, and developing an effective program requires more than a cut-and-paste approach. This article describes the scope of the task, the steps to take and tools you can use.

  20. Employer Rights and Responsibilities Following an OSHA Inspection

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1999-01-01

    not itself alter or determine compliance responsibilities, which are set forth in OSHA standards themselves, and the Occupational Safety and Health Act...should consult current administrative interpretations and decisions by the Occupational Safety and Health Review Commission and the courts.

  1. 77 FR 24992 - OSHA Strategic Partnership Program for Worker Safety and Health (OSPP); Extension of the Office...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-26

    ... (Paperwork) Requirements AGENCY: Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), Labor. ACTION: Request... Occupational Safety and Health Administration OSHA Strategic Partnership Program for Worker Safety and Health... approval of the information collection requirements specified in the OSHAs Strategic Partnership Program...

  2. A Critical Review of OSHA Heat Enforcement Cases: Lessons Learned.

    PubMed

    Arbury, Sheila; Lindsley, Matthew; Hodgson, Michael

    2016-04-01

    The aim of the study was to review the Occupational Safety and Health Administration's (OSHA) 2012 to 2013 heat enforcement cases, using identified essential elements of heat illness prevention to evaluate employers' programs and make recommendations to better protect workers from heat illness. (1) Identify essential elements of heat illness prevention; (2) develop data collection tool; and (3) analyze OSHA 2012 to 2013 heat enforcement cases. OSHA's database contains 84 heat enforcement cases in 2012 to 2013. Employer heat illness prevention programs were lacking in essential elements such as providing water and shade; adjusting the work/rest proportion to allow for workload and effective temperature; and acclimatizing and training workers. In this set of investigations, most employers failed to implement common elements of illness prevention programs. Over 80% clearly did not rely on national standard approaches to heat illness prevention.

  3. Occupational Safety & Health. Inspectors' Opinions on Improving OSHA Effectiveness. Fact Sheet for Subcommittee on Health and Safety, Committee on Education and Labor, House of Representatives.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Div. of Human Resources.

    Questionnaires gathered opinions of all Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) field supervisors and a randomly selected sample of one-third of the compliance officers about OSHA's approach to improving workplace safety and health. Major topics addressed were enforcement, safety and health standards, education and training, employer…

  4. Complying with the Occupational Safety and Health Administration: guidelines for the dental office.

    PubMed

    Boyce, Ricardo; Mull, Justin

    2008-07-01

    This article outlines Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) guidelines for maintaining a safe dental practice workplace and covers requirements, such as education and protection for dental health care personnel. OSHA regulations aim to reduce exposure to blood-borne pathogens. Environmental infection control in dental offices and operatories is the goal of enforcement of OSHA codes of practice. Universal precautions reduce the risk for infectious disease. OSHA has a mandate to protect workers in the United States from potential workplace injuries. OSHA standards are available through online and print publications and owners of dental practices must meet OSHA standards for the workplace.

  5. 76 FR 75782 - Revising Standards Referenced in the Acetylene Standard

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-05

    ... the Acetylene Standard AGENCY: Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), Department of... is revising its Acetylene Standard for general industry by updating a reference to a standard... and Explanation of Revisions to the Acetylene Standard IV. Procedural Determinations A....

  6. 29 CFR 42.10 - Farm labor contact persons and regional coordinators (OSHA).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    .... 1590, 29 U.S.C. 651 et seq.) and all OSHA standards affecting migrant farmworkers. These Farm Labor... 29 Labor 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Farm labor contact persons and regional coordinators (OSHA... contact persons and regional coordinators (OSHA). (a) OSHA Area Directors shall be responsible for...

  7. 29 CFR 42.10 - Farm labor contact persons and regional coordinators (OSHA).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    .... 1590, 29 U.S.C. 651 et seq.) and all OSHA standards affecting migrant farmworkers. These Farm Labor... 29 Labor 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Farm labor contact persons and regional coordinators (OSHA... contact persons and regional coordinators (OSHA). (a) OSHA Area Directors shall be responsible for...

  8. 29 CFR 42.10 - Farm labor contact persons and regional coordinators (OSHA).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    .... 1590, 29 U.S.C. 651 et seq.) and all OSHA standards affecting migrant farmworkers. These Farm Labor... 29 Labor 1 2014-07-01 2013-07-01 true Farm labor contact persons and regional coordinators (OSHA... contact persons and regional coordinators (OSHA). (a) OSHA Area Directors shall be responsible for...

  9. 29 CFR 42.10 - Farm labor contact persons and regional coordinators (OSHA).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    .... 1590, 29 U.S.C. 651 et seq.) and all OSHA standards affecting migrant farmworkers. These Farm Labor... 29 Labor 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Farm labor contact persons and regional coordinators (OSHA... contact persons and regional coordinators (OSHA). (a) OSHA Area Directors shall be responsible for...

  10. 29 CFR 42.10 - Farm labor contact persons and regional coordinators (OSHA).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    .... 1590, 29 U.S.C. 651 et seq.) and all OSHA standards affecting migrant farmworkers. These Farm Labor... 29 Labor 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Farm labor contact persons and regional coordinators (OSHA... contact persons and regional coordinators (OSHA). (a) OSHA Area Directors shall be responsible for...

  11. Impact and compliance: OSHA Carcinogen Policy

    SciTech Connect

    Meyer, A.F. Jr.; Crowder, C.; Wisniewski, S.; Russell, T.; Senn, K.

    1980-06-26

    This document provides an examination of various aspects of the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)Carcinogen Policy. To satisfy the dimensions of the Policy's broad, general nature, a two-fold approach was taken. Throughout, the focus is on the possible effects of the Policy's implementation, but this is first approached as it generally will effect research and compliance activities across broad industry sectors, while specific impacts on DOE are addressed separately. To overview and integrate these approaches, and to provide a quick reference for further information, an outline of information is presented. General or industry-wide applications are addressed both in the Summary and Overview of the Policy (Chapters I and II) and in the discussion of the Model Standard (Chapter V). Also included is a copy of the Policy itself in the General Industry Standards and interpretations Change 10. Sections specifically addressed to the major concerns of DOE and its contractors are a discussion of implications for action regarding the synthetic fuels program, a comparison of the OSHA Model Regulations and the FE OSH Manual Standards for Carcinogens, and finally, a list of known carcinogens in coal gasification/liquefaction. Together, these elements illustrate the broad scope of the policy's impact, which economic and other constraining consequences begin to become visible. Measures to minimize these consequences are a common underlying theme to each of the sections.

  12. OSHA Confronts Carcinogens in the Workplace as Inflation Fighters Confront OSHA.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heller, Ilene

    1978-01-01

    Discusses the apparently opposing forces of worker safety, as represented by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), and economic inflation spawned by expensive industrial processes needed to limit the emission of carcinogens. (CP)

  13. OSHA Confronts Carcinogens in the Workplace as Inflation Fighters Confront OSHA.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heller, Ilene

    1978-01-01

    Discusses the apparently opposing forces of worker safety, as represented by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), and economic inflation spawned by expensive industrial processes needed to limit the emission of carcinogens. (CP)

  14. OSHA 101: an introduction to OSHA for the occupational health nurse.

    PubMed

    Fell-Carlson, Deborah

    2004-10-01

    The OSHA standards become easy to use with experience. Occupational health nurses who are unfamiliar with the standards are better served to use them as a reference, rather than attempting to read the entire document. Many of the standards have booklets published to assist users in understanding the information. These booklets are available within the publications link of the OSHA website. Occupational health nurses who have taken the initiative to gain knowledge about OSHA and to become fluent in navigating the OSHA standards soon discover that the ability to access the information contained in the standards quickly is a marketable skill. Employers depend on occupational health nurses to develop comprehensive programs that achieve the goal of injury prevention and also meet compliance requirements. The standards contain a wealth of information to do just that.

  15. Will the Occupational Safety and Health Administration's Proposed Standards for Occupational Exposure to Respirable Crystalline Silica Reduce Workplace Risk?

    PubMed

    Dudley, Susan E; Morriss, Andrew P

    2015-07-01

    The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) is developing regulations to amend existing standards for occupational exposure to respirable crystalline silica by establishing a new permissible exposure limit as well as a series of ancillary provisions for controlling exposure. This article briefly reviews OSHA's proposed regulatory approach and the statutory authority on which it is based. It then evaluates OSHA's preliminary determination of significant risk and its analysis of the risk reduction achievable by its proposed controls. It recognizes that OSHA faces multiple challenges in devising a regulatory approach that reduces exposures and health risks and meets its statutory goal. However, the greatest challenge to reducing risks associated with silica exposure is not the lack of incentives (for either employers or employees) but rather lack of information, particularly information on the relative toxicity of different forms of silica. The article finds that OSHA's proposed rule would contribute little in the way of new information, particularly since it is largely based on information that is at least a decade old--a significant deficiency, given the rapidly changing conditions observed over the last 45 years. The article concludes with recommendations for alternative approaches that would be more likely to generate information needed to improve worker health outcomes. © 2015 Society for Risk Analysis.

  16. Needs and benefits of OSHA training

    SciTech Connect

    Phillips, G.M.

    1994-12-31

    Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) training serves to articulate training requirements necessary for workers engaged in hazardous substance activities. The training is required for workers who are exposed or potentially exposed to hazardous substances and health hazards. Workers should receive 40 hours of instruction which includes off site training and 3 days field experience with supervision. Training is required before workers are permitted to engage in hazardous waste operations that could expose them to hazardous substances, safety, or health hazards. The benefits of training can prove useful to both the employer and employee engaged in hazardous substance activities. OSHA standards for hazardous waste operations and emergency response (HAZWOPER) training includes classroom and hands-on practice which includes drills in the field that simulate site activities and conditions. Simulation is beneficial in that workers can obtain an awareness of response techniques that better prepares them once they are in the field. A realistic situation may give workers a chance to put what they know into practice. Planning and training are essential to effective response techniques, particularly when there is little time to react.

  17. Use of OSHA inspections data for fatal occupational injury surveillance in New Jersey.

    PubMed Central

    Stanbury, M; Goldoft, M

    1990-01-01

    Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) computerized inspections data, death certificates, and medical examiner records identified 204 fatal occupational injuries in New Jersey, 1984-85. OSHA computerized data uniquely identified seven cases. They did not identify 35 fatalities under OSHA's jurisdiction, of which 24 were investigated by OSHA but not recorded, four were not considered work-related, and seven were not known to OSHA. Eighty-seven were outside OSHA's jurisdiction; 28 were among the self-employed who are not under the health and safety protection of any governmental agency. PMID:2297066

  18. The association of the original OSHA chemical hazard communication standard with reductions in acute work injuries/illnesses in private industry and the industrial releases of chemical carcinogens.

    PubMed

    Oleinick, Arthur

    2014-02-01

    OSHA predicted the original chemical Hazard Communication Standard (HCS) would cumulatively reduce the lost workday acute injury/illness rate for exposure events by 20% over 20 years and reduce exposure to chemical carcinogens. JoinPoint trend software identified changes in the rate of change of BLS rates for days away from work for acute injuries/illnesses during 1992-2009 for manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries for both chemical, noxious or allergenic injury exposure events and All other exposure events. The annual percent change in the rates was used to adjust observed numbers of cases to estimate their association with the standard. A case-control study of EPA's Toxic Release Inventory 1988-2009 data compared carcinogen and non-carcinogens' releases. The study estimates that the HCS was associated with a reduction in the number of acute injuries/illnesses due to chemical injury exposure events over the background rate in the range 107,569-459,395 (Hudson method/modified BIC model) depending on whether the HCS is treated as a marginal or sole factor in the decrease. Carcinogen releases have declined at a substantially faster rate than control non-carcinogens. The previous HCS standard was associated with significant reductions in chemical event acute injuries/illnesses and chemical carcinogen exposures. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  19. Industrial exposure and control technologies for OSHA (Occupational Safety and Health Administration) regulated hazardous substances. Volume 1. Substances A-I. Volume 2. Substances K-Z and indices

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1989-03-01

    The information presented in the two-volume publication includes health, toxicity, economic, and technological data and other information on about 600 substances currently regulated, or candidates for regulation, by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA). The information, also available on computer tape, is intended to serve as a reference for those who are potentially exposed to one or more of these substances in their workplace, for those who have supervisory or management responsibility for workers potentially exposed. OSHA 'permissible exposure limits' (PELs) for the 600 substances reflect all updates and changes as presented in the January 19, 1989 Federal Register. Volume 1 contains information on substances A-I, Volume 2 contains substances starting with K-Z.

  20. Recommendations Regarding the Effects of Audiometric Test-Retest Reliability on the Development of OSHA Standard Threshold Shift Criteria and Recording of Work-Related Material Hearing Loss

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2003-09-23

    Subsequently, OSHA released interpretations stating that the employer could adjust the audiogram for aging using the tables in Appendix F of the...comments that ‘‘(a)n age -corrected STS is a large hearing change that can affect communicative competence’’ (66 FR 6008). Comments on the Recording of...for aging (however, the shift calculation itself should retain OSHA’s allowance for aging ) (Ex. 3– 62). A number of commenters urged OSHA to adopt

  1. When OSHA comes knock-knock-knocking. Seven rules to avoid the poorhouse.

    PubMed

    Dunn, Sheila

    2004-07-01

    What would happen if an inspector from the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) visited your practice? The author provides guidelines for handling an OSHA inspection and describes the procedures of the federal agency and expectations for compliance. She also describes the types of violations and penalties that OSHA can impose on a medical practice.

  2. 75 FR 27428 - Safety Standards for Steel Erection

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-17

    ... Occupational Safety and Health Administration 29 CFR Part 1926 Safety Standards for Steel Erection AGENCY... technical amendment adds a nonmandatory note to the OSHA standards governing steel erection. The note... employers engaged in activities covered by OSHA's steel erection standards. DATES: Effective date: May...

  3. A "Fine" Relationship: OSHA and Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Neill, Steve

    2001-01-01

    To avoid California schools' experience with Occupational Safety and Health Administration fines, principals should comply with safety regulations, establish quick-response procedures, take care of chemicals, prepare site personnel for state OSHA visits, inform safety personnel about procedures for appealing citations, keep good records, and work…

  4. RMP Guidance for Warehouses - Appendix D: OSHA Guidance on PSM

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    This text is taken directly from OSHA's appendix C to the Process Safety Management standard (29 CFR 1910.119). Compiled information required by this standard, including material safety data sheets (MSDS), is essential to process hazards analysis (PHA).

  5. Three Years of OSHA: The View from Within

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reis, Alexander J.

    1975-01-01

    The first three years of the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) have been developmental years. Significant advances have been made toward on objective--assuring safe and healthful workplaces for all Americans. (Author/MW)

  6. Three Years of OSHA: The View from Within

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reis, Alexander J.

    1975-01-01

    The first three years of the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) have been developmental years. Significant advances have been made toward on objective--assuring safe and healthful workplaces for all Americans. (Author/MW)

  7. Fact Sheet: Revisions to the Occupational Safety and Health Administration Hazard Communication Standards (HCS)

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    On March 26, 2012, Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) modified its HCS to conform to the United Nations’ (UN) Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals (GHS), to improve consistency and quality of information.

  8. 76 FR 2417 - OSHA-7 Form (“Notice of Alleged Safety and Health Hazards”); Extension of the Office of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-13

    ...) Requirements AGENCY: Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), Labor. ACTION: Request for public... Occupational Safety and Health Administration OSHA-7 Form (``Notice of Alleged Safety and Health Hazards... information collection requirements specified in the OSHA-7 Form. DATES: Comments must be submitted...

  9. 76 FR 5402 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request; Standard on...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-31

    ... OSHA standard on manlifts requires that each manlift be inspected at least once every 30 days, and it... Administration (OSHA). Title of Collection: Standard on Manlifts. OMB Control Number: 1218-0226. Affected Public...; Standard on Manlifts ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Department of Labor (DOL) hereby announces the submission...

  10. OSHA--what is its role in dentistry and how do we provide training?

    PubMed

    Basquill, Linda C; Govoni, Mary; Bednarsh, Helene

    2005-03-01

    The mission of the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) is to ensure the safety and health of America's workers. Although OSHA's focus is on safety, there is a natural overlap into the infection control arena. The work practice control, engineering control, and personal protective equipment regulations are examples of OSHA safety topics that have a direct impact on dental infection control. In a similar fashion, the regulations designed to protect the dental health care worker often translate into increased safety for the dental patient. To ensure their safety, OSHA requires workers to be appropriately trained. This article reviews the regulatory significance of OSHA, compares OSHA with other regulatory and advisory agencies, and discusses OSHA's training requirements. Principles for conducting training in the dental health care setting along with suggestions for assessing training also are presented.

  11. OSHA lead in construction compliance directive: Medical surveillance program

    SciTech Connect

    Vernon, L.S.

    1994-11-01

    This article is part of a series that reviews the Occupational Health and Safety Administration (OSHA) Instruction CPL 2-2.58, a compliance directive for 29 CFR 1926.62, Lead Exposure in Construction. The OSHA document is intended to provide guidance to those charged with field enforcement of the lead regulation; however, it also provides vital information to those in industry who must comply with the regulation. This month, the requirements for employer medical surveillance programs are discussed.

  12. Defense Materiel Acquisition - OSHA’s Impact

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1977-05-01

    This report examines the 1970 Occupational Safety and Health Act, the general workplace safety requirements stipulated in the Act and the agencies...created to enforce the requirements. The report discusses the organization of the Occupational Safety and Health Agency, OSHA, and how it functions. The...the 1970 Act are examined. The report can serve as a point of departure for future research on the Occupational Safety and Health Administration by DSMC students.

  13. Ask Dr. Sue--OSHA Requires Employers to Give Hepatitis B Immunization and Protection to First Aiders.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aronson, Susan S.

    1992-01-01

    Explains rules of the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) that require employers to protect employees whose jobs may result in worker contact with potentially infectious materials. Describes conditions that apply to violations of OSHA rules. Urges child care programs to formulate plans for compliance with OSHA requirements. (SM)

  14. Ask Dr. Sue--OSHA Requires Employers to Give Hepatitis B Immunization and Protection to First Aiders.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aronson, Susan S.

    1992-01-01

    Explains rules of the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) that require employers to protect employees whose jobs may result in worker contact with potentially infectious materials. Describes conditions that apply to violations of OSHA rules. Urges child care programs to formulate plans for compliance with OSHA requirements. (SM)

  15. 78 FR 69606 - Record Requirements in the Mechanical Power Presses Standard

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-20

    ... Mechanical Power Presses Standard AGENCY: Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), Labor. ACTION... Mechanical Power Presses Standard. First, OSHA is proposing to revise a provision that requires employers to... proceed with the proposed rule, which addresses the same revisions to its Mechanical Power Presses...

  16. Significant Revisions to OSHA 29 CFR 1910.269.

    PubMed

    Neitzel, Dennis K

    2015-06-01

    The updated OSHA 29 CFR 1910.269 requirements are significant for assisting employers in their efforts to protect their employees from electrical hazards. In addition, OSHA based these revisions on the latest consensus standards and improvements in electrical safety technology. Together, the updated regulation creates a unified and up-to-date set of requirements to help employers more effectively establish safe work practices to protect their workers.

  17. Proposed safety standards reviewed

    SciTech Connect

    Muncy, S.

    1984-06-01

    The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) is in the process of developing specific rules and regulations for the well service and drilling industry. OSHA had formerly investigated the well sites with only construction industry safety standards which were inadequate. Their new proposals push for more training on how to respond to actual on-site conditions and emergencies, and pre-job planning. This would allow for details of the layout and operation before the fact.

  18. Nasa-wide Standard Administrative Systems

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Schneck, P.

    1984-01-01

    Factors to be considered in developing agency-wide standard administrative systems for NASA include uniformity of hardware and software; centralization vs. decentralization; risk exposure; and models for software development.

  19. Illinois Occupational Skill Standards: Administrative Support Cluster.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois Occupational Skill Standards and Credentialing Council, Carbondale.

    This document, which is intended for workforce preparation program providers, details the Illinois Occupational Skill Standards for programs preparing students for administrative support occupations. The document begins with overviews of the Illinois perspective on occupational skill standards and credentialing, the process used to develop the…

  20. Hospital Library Standards: An Administrator's View

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Koughan, William P.

    1975-01-01

    The current Standards for Professional Library Services of the Joint Commission on Accreditation of Hospitals are analyzed. It is concluded that the standards are weak and that this has a negative effect on both hospital administrators and hospital librarians. Recommendations to remedy the situation are offered. (Author)

  1. Age correction in monitoring audiometry: method to update OSHA age-correction tables to include older workers

    PubMed Central

    Dobie, Robert A; Wojcik, Nancy C

    2015-01-01

    Objectives The US Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) Noise Standard provides the option for employers to apply age corrections to employee audiograms to consider the contribution of ageing when determining whether a standard threshold shift has occurred. Current OSHA age-correction tables are based on 40-year-old data, with small samples and an upper age limit of 60 years. By comparison, recent data (1999–2006) show that hearing thresholds in the US population have improved. Because hearing thresholds have improved, and because older people are increasingly represented in noisy occupations, the OSHA tables no longer represent the current US workforce. This paper presents 2 options for updating the age-correction tables and extending values to age 75 years using recent population-based hearing survey data from the US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). Both options provide scientifically derived age-correction values that can be easily adopted by OSHA to expand their regulatory guidance to include older workers. Methods Regression analysis was used to derive new age-correction values using audiometric data from the 1999–2006 US NHANES. Using the NHANES median, better-ear thresholds fit to simple polynomial equations, new age-correction values were generated for both men and women for ages 20–75 years. Results The new age-correction values are presented as 2 options. The preferred option is to replace the current OSHA tables with the values derived from the NHANES median better-ear thresholds for ages 20–75 years. The alternative option is to retain the current OSHA age-correction values up to age 60 years and use the NHANES-based values for ages 61–75 years. Conclusions Recent NHANES data offer a simple solution to the need for updated, population-based, age-correction tables for OSHA. The options presented here provide scientifically valid and relevant age-correction values which can be easily adopted by

  2. Age correction in monitoring audiometry: method to update OSHA age-correction tables to include older workers.

    PubMed

    Dobie, Robert A; Wojcik, Nancy C

    2015-07-13

    The US Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) Noise Standard provides the option for employers to apply age corrections to employee audiograms to consider the contribution of ageing when determining whether a standard threshold shift has occurred. Current OSHA age-correction tables are based on 40-year-old data, with small samples and an upper age limit of 60 years. By comparison, recent data (1999-2006) show that hearing thresholds in the US population have improved. Because hearing thresholds have improved, and because older people are increasingly represented in noisy occupations, the OSHA tables no longer represent the current US workforce. This paper presents 2 options for updating the age-correction tables and extending values to age 75 years using recent population-based hearing survey data from the US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). Both options provide scientifically derived age-correction values that can be easily adopted by OSHA to expand their regulatory guidance to include older workers. Regression analysis was used to derive new age-correction values using audiometric data from the 1999-2006 US NHANES. Using the NHANES median, better-ear thresholds fit to simple polynomial equations, new age-correction values were generated for both men and women for ages 20-75 years. The new age-correction values are presented as 2 options. The preferred option is to replace the current OSHA tables with the values derived from the NHANES median better-ear thresholds for ages 20-75 years. The alternative option is to retain the current OSHA age-correction values up to age 60 years and use the NHANES-based values for ages 61-75 years. Recent NHANES data offer a simple solution to the need for updated, population-based, age-correction tables for OSHA. The options presented here provide scientifically valid and relevant age-correction values which can be easily adopted by OSHA to expand their regulatory guidance to

  3. 78 FR 69543 - Record Requirements in the Mechanical Power Presses Standard

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-20

    ... Mechanical Power Presses Standard AGENCY: Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), Labor. ACTION: Direct final rule; request for comments. SUMMARY: OSHA is making two main revisions to its Mechanical... final rule and proceed with the proposed rule, which addresses the same revisions to its Mechanical...

  4. 77 FR 22349 - OSHA Training Institute Education Center; Notice of Competition and Request for Applications

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-13

    ..., emails, Web site urls and screen shots, postcards, use of social media, and any other associated relevant... Occupational Safety and Health Administration OSHA Training Institute Education Center; Notice of Competition.... ACTION: Notice of competition and request for applications for the OSHA Training Institute...

  5. 75 FR 24505 - Modernization of OSHA's Injury and Illness Data Collection Process

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-05

    ... characteristics of the disabling injury or illness, such as cuts/lacerations, fractures, or sprains/ strains; Part... Occupational Safety and Health Administration 29 CFR Part 1904 Modernization of OSHA's Injury and Illness Data... informal stakeholder meetings on the modernization of OSHA's injury and illness data collection...

  6. All About OSHA and How It Will Help -- and Unnerve -- Your District

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American School Board Journal, 1973

    1973-01-01

    In response to OSHA, school board members and administrators should initiate a comprehensive, districtwide safety education and accident prevention program. OSHA will affect schools by requiring injury and illness records and onsite inspections. It will affect the operation of the physical plant and effect the provision of a comprehensive,…

  7. LogSafe and Smart: Minnesota OSHA's LogSafe Program Takes Root.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Honerman, James

    1999-01-01

    Logging is now the most dangerous U.S. occupation. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) developed specialized safety training for the logging industry but has been challenged to reach small operators. An OSHA-approved state program in Minnesota provides annual safety seminars to about two-thirds of the state's full-time…

  8. Analysis of OSHA inspection data with exposure monitoring and medical surveillance violations

    SciTech Connect

    Schwartz, B.S.; Ford, D.P.; Yodaiken, R. )

    1992-03-01

    Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) inspection data from the Integrated Management Information System (IMIS) enforcement data base are presented for lead, ethylene oxide, and formaldehyde for fiscal years 1985, 1987, and 1989, and are discussed with emphasis on exposure monitoring or medical surveillance section violations. These data suggest that the exposure monitoring section of these standards is more commonly used to cite workplaces below these standards than is the medical surveillance section. Medical surveillance violations more commonly resulted in fines, but there were no differences in the magnitude of the fines for exposure monitoring or for medical surveillance violations. Implications of these findings are discussed.

  9. Adolescent occupational fatalities in North Carolina (1990-2008): an investigation of child labor and OSHA violations and enforcement.

    PubMed

    Rauscher, Kimberly; Runyan, Carol

    2012-01-01

    This study investigated adolescent worker fatalities involving violations of the child labor laws and/or Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) standards, as well as the enforcement activity involved in each case. Medical examiner records were used to identify work-related deaths among adolescents ages 11-17 between 1990 and 2008 and child labor violations. Investigations from state and federal Departments of Labor (DOL) were used to determine inspection activity, identify OSHA violations, and confirm child labor violations. Fifty-two percent of cases involved one or more child labor violations. Nine cases were investigated by either the U.S. or North Carolina DOL; among them, four had child labor violations. Eleven cases were investigated by the North Carolina DOL and all involved OSHA violations. Significant child labor and OSHA violations exist in adolescent worker fatalities in North Carolina, and gaps exist in enforcement at both the federal and state level, signaling needed improvements in the protection of adolescent workers.

  10. Results of an OSHA ergonomic intervention program in New Hampshire.

    PubMed

    May, David C

    2002-11-01

    A number of articles have been written about the value of OSHA inspections, and to a lesser extent, OSHA targeting. However, there have been few, if any, that quantify the effectiveness of an injury specific targeting program. This study examines the change in the incidence of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) in a group of employers following the implementation of an OSHA Local Emphasis Program (LEP) for ergonomics by an area office of the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA). The OSHA program consisted of inspections initiated between 1992 and 1995 in New Hampshire at work sites with a history of CTS and tendinitis workers' compensation claims. Workers' compensation data for 14 employers were examined and the annual incidence for that group were compared with the experience of all other New Hampshire employers. New Hampshire employers who had one or more of their work sites experienced a decline in carpal tunnel syndrome greater than in other New Hampshire employers. The annual incidence of CTS of inspected employers fell from 38/10,000 in 1992 to 3.8/10,000 in 1997. New Hampshire employers not receiving an inspection focused on upper extremity cumulative trauma hazards fell from 6.6/10,000 to 3.4/10,000 during that same period. The LEP group of employers was responsible for 17 percent of all workers' compensation CTS cases in New Hampshire in 1992. By 1997 their contribution had dropped to less than 5 percent.

  11. The new OSHA rules and the worker's right to know.

    PubMed

    McGarity, T O

    1984-08-01

    "Hazard communication" rules issued by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) in November 1983 require employers to label and post data for hazardous chemicals, disclose the use of such substances, and permit employee access to exposure records. McGarity examines the moral and practical implications of these rules, considering the competing interests of workers' rights, state regulators, the economic cost to industry of providing information, and the protection of trade secrets. He concludes that the OSHA rules resolved many issues in favor of employee autonomy and efficiency, but that the trade secret issue unduly favors employer autonomy and paternalism. Trade secret restrictions also place an added burden on the occupational physician.

  12. OSHA lead in construction compliance directive: Respiratory protection

    SciTech Connect

    Vernon, L.S.

    1994-08-01

    This article is the third in a series that reviews the Occupational Health and Safety Administration (OSHA) Instruction CPL 2-2.58, a compliance directive for 29 CFR 1926.62, Lead Exposure in Construction. The OSHA document is intended to provide guidance to those charged with field enforcement of the lead regulation; however, it also provides vital information to those in industry who must comply with the regulation. This month, the requirements for complying with 29 CFR 1926.62 (e) Methods of Compliance and (f) Respiratory Protection are discussed.

  13. OSHA lead in construction compliance directive: Exposure assessment

    SciTech Connect

    Vernon, L.S.

    1994-07-01

    This article is the second in a series that reviews the Occupational Health and Safety Administration (OSHA) Instruction CPL 2-2.58, a compliance directive for 29 CFR 1926.62, Lead Exposure in Construction. The OSHA document is intended to provide guidance to those charged with field enforcement of the lead regulation; however, it also provides vital information to those in industry who must comply with the regulation. This month, the requirements for compliance with 29 CFR 1926.62 (d) Exposure Assessment are discussed.

  14. OSHA lead in construction compliance directive: Training and record keeping

    SciTech Connect

    Vernon, L.S.

    1994-12-01

    This article is the final part of a series that reviews the Occupational Health and Safety Administration (OSHA) Instruction CPL 2-2.58, a compliance directive for 29 CFR 1926.62, Lead Exposure in Construction. The OSHA document is intended to provide guidance to those charged with field enforcement of the lead regulation; however, it also provides vital information to those in industry who must comply with the regulation. This month, the requirements for employee training and employer record keeping are discussed.

  15. OSHA: Implications for Higher Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Association of College and University Business Officers, Washington, DC.

    Presented in this document are several articles concerning recommendations about the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 (OSHA) and its implications for higher education. It is time for an educated look at facilities and programs and the beginning of plans which, in the long run, will bring colleges and universities into compliance with…

  16. 29 CFR 1912.32 - Presence of OSHA officer or employee.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 7 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Presence of OSHA officer or employee. 1912.32 Section 1912..., DEPARTMENT OF LABOR (CONTINUED) ADVISORY COMMITTEES ON STANDARDS Operation of Advisory Committees § 1912.32 Presence of OSHA officer or employee. The meetings of all advisory committees shall be in the presence of...

  17. 29 CFR 1912.32 - Presence of OSHA officer or employee.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 7 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Presence of OSHA officer or employee. 1912.32 Section 1912..., DEPARTMENT OF LABOR (CONTINUED) ADVISORY COMMITTEES ON STANDARDS Operation of Advisory Committees § 1912.32 Presence of OSHA officer or employee. The meetings of all advisory committees shall be in the presence of...

  18. 29 CFR 1912.32 - Presence of OSHA officer or employee.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 7 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Presence of OSHA officer or employee. 1912.32 Section 1912..., DEPARTMENT OF LABOR (CONTINUED) ADVISORY COMMITTEES ON STANDARDS Operation of Advisory Committees § 1912.32 Presence of OSHA officer or employee. The meetings of all advisory committees shall be in the presence of...

  19. 29 CFR 1912.32 - Presence of OSHA officer or employee.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 7 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Presence of OSHA officer or employee. 1912.32 Section 1912..., DEPARTMENT OF LABOR (CONTINUED) ADVISORY COMMITTEES ON STANDARDS Operation of Advisory Committees § 1912.32 Presence of OSHA officer or employee. The meetings of all advisory committees shall be in the presence of...

  20. 75 FR 5707 - Revising Standards Referenced in the Acetylene Standard

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-04

    ... in the Acetylene Standard AGENCY: Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), Labor. ACTION... accompanied its direct-final rule revising the Acetylene Standard for general industry. DATES: As of February...- final rule to update the incorporated references in its Acetylene Standard for general industry at...

  1. 77 FR 13969 - Revising Standards Referenced in the Acetylene Standard

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-08

    ... the Acetylene Standard AGENCY: Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), Department of... date of its direct final rule that revises the Acetylene Standard for general industry by updating the... that revised the Acetylene Standard for general industry by updating a reference to the Compressed...

  2. 77 FR 13997 - Revising Standards Referenced in the Acetylene Standard

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-08

    ... in the Acetylene Standard AGENCY: Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), Labor. ACTION... accompanied its direct-final rule revising the Acetylene Standard for general industry. DATES: Effective March...-final rule to update the incorporated references in its Acetylene Standard for general industry at...

  3. Health standards for occupational noise exposure. Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA), Labor. Final rule.

    PubMed

    1999-09-13

    This final comprehensive rule replaces MSHA's existing standards for occupational noise exposure in coal mines and metal and nonmetal mines. The final rule establishes uniform requirements to protect the Nation's miners from occupational noise-induced hearing loss. The rule is derived in part from existing MSHA noise standards, and from the Department of Labor's existing occupational noise exposure standard for general industry promulgated by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA). As a result of the Agency's ongoing review of its safety and health standards, MSHA determined that its existing noise standards, which are more than twenty years old, do not adequately protect miners from occupational noise-induced hearing loss. A significant risk to miners of material impairment of health from workplace exposure to noise over a working lifetime exists when miners' exposure exceeds an 8-hour time-weighted average (TWA8) of 85 dBA. MSHA expects that the final rule will significantly reduce the risk of material impairment within the mining industry as a whole.

  4. Standards Improvement Project-Phase II. Final rule.

    PubMed

    2005-01-05

    The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) through this final rule is continuing to remove and revise provisions of its standards that are outdated, duplicative, unnecessary, or inconsistent, or can be clarified or simplified by being written in plain language. The Agency completed Phase I of the Standards Improvement Project in June 1998. In this Phase II of the Standards Improvement Project, OSHA is again revising or removing a number of health provisions in its standards for general industry, shipyard employment, and construction. The Agency believes that the changes streamline and make more consistent the regulatory requirements in OSHA health and safety standards. In some cases, OSHA has made substantive revisions to requirements because they are outdated, duplicative, unnecessary, or inconsistent with more recently promulgated health standards. The Agency believes these revisions will reduce regulatory requirements for employers without reducing employee protection.

  5. Long-Term Ethylene Oxide Exposure Trends in US Hospitals: Relationship With OSHA Regulatory and Enforcement Actions

    PubMed Central

    LaMontagne, Anthony D.; Oakes, J. Michael; Lopez Turley, Ruth N.

    2004-01-01

    Objectives. We assessed long-term trends in ethylene oxide (EtO) worker exposures for the purposes of exposure surveillance and evaluation of the impacts of the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) 1984 and 1988 EtO standards. Methods. We obtained exposure data from a large commercial vendor and processor of EtO passive dosimeters. Personal samples (87 582 workshift [8-hr] and 46 097 short-term [15-min] samples) from 2265 US hospitals were analyzed for time trends from 1984 through 2001 and compared with OSHA enforcement data. Results. Exposures declined steadily for the first several years after the OSHA standards were set. Workshift exposures continued to taper off and have remained low and constant through 2001. However, since 1996, the probability of exceeding the short-term excursion limit has increased. This trend coincides with a decline in enforcement of the EtO standard. Conclusions. Results indicate the need for renewed intervention efforts to preserve gains made following the passage and implementation of the 1984 and 1988 EtO standards. PMID:15333324

  6. Long-term ethylene oxide exposure trends in US hospitals: relationship with OSHA regulatory and enforcement actions.

    PubMed

    LaMontagne, Anthony D; Oakes, J Michael; Lopez Turley, Ruth N

    2004-09-01

    We assessed long-term trends in ethylene oxide (EtO) worker exposures for the purposes of exposure surveillance and evaluation of the impacts of the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) 1984 and 1988 EtO standards. We obtained exposure data from a large commercial vendor and processor of EtO passive dosimeters. Personal samples (87,582 workshift [8-hr] and 46,097 short-term [15-min] samples) from 2265 US hospitals were analyzed for time trends from 1984 through 2001 and compared with OSHA enforcement data. Exposures declined steadily for the first several years after the OSHA standards were set. Workshift exposures continued to taper off and have remained low and constant through 2001. However, since 1996, the probability of exceeding the short-term excursion limit has increased. This trend coincides with a decline in enforcement of the EtO standard. Results indicate the need for renewed intervention efforts to preserve gains made following the passage and implementation of the 1984 and 1988 EtO standards.

  7. The impact of OSHA recordkeeping regulation changes on occupational injury and illness trends in the US: a time-series analysis.

    PubMed

    Friedman, Lee S; Forst, Linda

    2007-07-01

    The Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses (SOII), based on Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) logs, indicates that the number of occupational injuries and illnesses in the US has steadily declined by 35.8% between 1992-2003. However, major changes to the OSHA recordkeeping standard occurred in 1995 and 2001. The authors assessed the relation between changes in OSHA recordkeeping regulations and the trend in occupational injuries and illnesses. SOII data available from the Bureau of Labor Statistics for years 1992-2003 were collected. The authors assessed time series data using join-point regression models. Before the first major recordkeeping change in 1995, injuries and illnesses declined annually by 0.5%. In the period 1995-2000 the slope declined by 3.1% annually (95% CI -3.7% to -2.5%), followed by another more precipitous decline occurring in 2001-2003 (-8.3%; 95% CI -10.0% to -6.6%). When stratifying the data, the authors continued to observe significant changes occurring in 1995 and 2001. The substantial declines in the number of injuries and illnesses correspond directly with changes in OSHA recordkeeping rules. Changes in employment, productivity, OSHA enforcement activity and sampling error do not explain the large decline. Based on the baseline slope (join-point regression analysis, 1992-4), the authors expected a decline of 407 964 injuries and illnesses during the period of follow-up if no intervention occurred; they actually observed a decline of 2.4 million injuries and illnesses of which 2 million or 83% of the decline can be attributed to the change in the OSHA recordkeeping rules.

  8. The impact of OSHA recordkeeping regulation changes on occupational injury and illness trends in the US: a time‐series analysis

    PubMed Central

    Friedman, Lee S; Forst, Linda

    2007-01-01

    Objectives The Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses (SOII), based on Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) logs, indicates that the number of occupational injuries and illnesses in the US has steadily declined by 35.8% between 1992–2003. However, major changes to the OSHA recordkeeping standard occurred in 1995 and 2001. The authors assessed the relation between changes in OSHA recordkeeping regulations and the trend in occupational injuries and illnesses. Methods SOII data available from the Bureau of Labor Statistics for years 1992–2003 were collected. The authors assessed time series data using join‐point regression models. Results Before the first major recordkeeping change in 1995, injuries and illnesses declined annually by 0.5%. In the period 1995–2000 the slope declined by 3.1% annually (95% CI −3.7% to −2.5%), followed by another more precipitous decline occurring in 2001–2003 (−8.3%; 95% CI −10.0% to −6.6%). When stratifying the data, the authors continued to observe significant changes occurring in 1995 and 2001. Conclusions The substantial declines in the number of injuries and illnesses correspond directly with changes in OSHA recordkeeping rules. Changes in employment, productivity, OSHA enforcement activity and sampling error do not explain the large decline. Based on the baseline slope (join‐point regression analysis, 1992–4), the authors expected a decline of 407 964 injuries and illnesses during the period of follow‐up if no intervention occurred; they actually observed a decline of 2.4 million injuries and illnesses of which 2 million or 83% of the decline can be attributed to the change in the OSHA recordkeeping rules. PMID:17303676

  9. 28 CFR 115.172 - Evidentiary standard for administrative investigations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Evidentiary standard for administrative investigations. 115.172 Section 115.172 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) PRISON RAPE ELIMINATION ACT NATIONAL STANDARDS Standards for Lockups Investigations § 115.172 Evidentiary standard for...

  10. 28 CFR 115.172 - Evidentiary standard for administrative investigations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Evidentiary standard for administrative investigations. 115.172 Section 115.172 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) PRISON RAPE ELIMINATION ACT NATIONAL STANDARDS Standards for Lockups Investigations § 115.172 Evidentiary standard for...

  11. 28 CFR 115.172 - Evidentiary standard for administrative investigations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Evidentiary standard for administrative investigations. 115.172 Section 115.172 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) PRISON RAPE ELIMINATION ACT NATIONAL STANDARDS Standards for Lockups Investigations § 115.172 Evidentiary standard for...

  12. The 100 Most Frequently Cited OSHA Construction Standards in 1991: A Guide for the Abatement of the Top 25 Associated Physical Hazards

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1995-03-01

    Department of Labor Occupational Safety and Health Administration March 1995 (Reprinted) Report Documentation Page Report Date 00031995...Unit Number Performing Organization Name(s) and Address(es) U.S. Department of Labor Occupational Safety & Health Administration 200 Constitution...information contained in this publication is not considered a substitute for any provisions of the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 or for any

  13. 29 CFR 1960.18 - Supplementary standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... agency employees for which there exists no appropriate OSHA standards. In order to avoid any possible... adopted inconsistent with OSHA standards, or inconsistent with OSHA enforcement practices under section 5... protection and is consistent with OSHA standards. Upon request of the agency head, the Secretary shall offer...

  14. 29 CFR 1960.18 - Supplementary standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... agency employees for which there exists no appropriate OSHA standards. In order to avoid any possible... adopted inconsistent with OSHA standards, or inconsistent with OSHA enforcement practices under section 5... protection and is consistent with OSHA standards. Upon request of the agency head, the Secretary shall offer...

  15. 29 CFR 1960.18 - Supplementary standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... agency employees for which there exists no appropriate OSHA standards. In order to avoid any possible... adopted inconsistent with OSHA standards, or inconsistent with OSHA enforcement practices under section 5... protection and is consistent with OSHA standards. Upon request of the agency head, the Secretary shall offer...

  16. 29 CFR 1960.18 - Supplementary standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... agency employees for which there exists no appropriate OSHA standards. In order to avoid any possible... adopted inconsistent with OSHA standards, or inconsistent with OSHA enforcement practices under section 5... protection and is consistent with OSHA standards. Upon request of the agency head, the Secretary shall offer...

  17. 29 CFR 1960.18 - Supplementary standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... agency employees for which there exists no appropriate OSHA standards. In order to avoid any possible... adopted inconsistent with OSHA standards, or inconsistent with OSHA enforcement practices under section 5... protection and is consistent with OSHA standards. Upon request of the agency head, the Secretary shall offer...

  18. 76 FR 75840 - Revising Standards Referenced in the Acetylene Standard

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-05

    ... the Acetylene Standard AGENCY: Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), Department of... rulemaking, the Agency is proposing to revise its Acetylene Standard for general industry by updating a... Companion Proposed Rule C. Request for Comment III. Summary and Explanation of Revisions to the...

  19. What kinds of injuries do OSHA inspections prevent?

    PubMed

    Haviland, Amelia; Burns, Rachel; Gray, Wayne; Ruder, Teague; Mendeloff, John

    2010-08-01

    OSHA's enforcement program is one of the major public efforts to protect American workers. We examine both the scope of injury prevention that inspections can contribute and the types of standards that contribute the most. We linked Pennsylvania Department of Labor and Industry files for lost-time injuries and employment to calculate injury rates for 1998-2005 for all single-establishment manufacturing firms. We linked these to OSHA inspection records. Inspections with penalties did affect injury types unrelated to standards as well as those related. We also found again that citations for violations of the standard requiring personal protective equipment had the largest impact on preventing injuries. Programs requiring protective equipment use deserve added attention from consultants and inspectors. In addition, some inspections spur managers to undertake safety measures that go beyond compliance with standards. 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  20. 77 FR 74224 - OSHA Data Initiative (ODI); Extension of the Office of Management and Budget's (OMB) Approval of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-13

    ... Occupational Safety and Health Administration OSHA Data Initiative (ODI); Extension of the Office of Management... requirements for OSHA's Data Initiative program. DATES: Comments must be submitted (postmarked, sent, or... injury and illness data and information on the number of workers employed and the number of hours...

  1. All About OSHA: The Who, What, Where, When, Why and How of the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Occupational Safety and Health Administration, Washington, DC.

    The pamphlet summarizes the operations of the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) and the provisions of the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970. OSHA's mission is to assure safe and healthful working conditions and to preserve human resources. Employers and employees who are covered by the act and employer and employee…

  2. 28 CFR 115.372 - Evidentiary standard for administrative investigations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Evidentiary standard for administrative investigations. 115.372 Section 115.372 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) PRISON RAPE ELIMINATION ACT NATIONAL STANDARDS Standards for Juvenile Facilities Investigations § 115.372 Evidentiary...

  3. 28 CFR 115.72 - Evidentiary standard for administrative investigations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Evidentiary standard for administrative investigations. 115.72 Section 115.72 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) PRISON RAPE ELIMINATION ACT NATIONAL STANDARDS Standards for Adult Prisons and Jails Investigations § 115.72 Evidentiary...

  4. 28 CFR 115.72 - Evidentiary standard for administrative investigations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Evidentiary standard for administrative investigations. 115.72 Section 115.72 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) PRISON RAPE ELIMINATION ACT NATIONAL STANDARDS Standards for Adult Prisons and Jails Investigations § 115.72 Evidentiary...

  5. 28 CFR 115.272 - Evidentiary standard for administrative investigations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Evidentiary standard for administrative investigations. 115.272 Section 115.272 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) PRISON RAPE ELIMINATION ACT NATIONAL STANDARDS Standards for Community Confinement Facilities Investigations § 115.272...

  6. 28 CFR 115.72 - Evidentiary standard for administrative investigations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Evidentiary standard for administrative investigations. 115.72 Section 115.72 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) PRISON RAPE ELIMINATION ACT NATIONAL STANDARDS Standards for Adult Prisons and Jails Investigations § 115.72 Evidentiary...

  7. 28 CFR 115.372 - Evidentiary standard for administrative investigations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Evidentiary standard for administrative investigations. 115.372 Section 115.372 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) PRISON RAPE ELIMINATION ACT NATIONAL STANDARDS Standards for Juvenile Facilities Investigations § 115.372 Evidentiary...

  8. 28 CFR 115.372 - Evidentiary standard for administrative investigations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Evidentiary standard for administrative investigations. 115.372 Section 115.372 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) PRISON RAPE ELIMINATION ACT NATIONAL STANDARDS Standards for Juvenile Facilities Investigations § 115.372 Evidentiary...

  9. 28 CFR 115.272 - Evidentiary standard for administrative investigations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Evidentiary standard for administrative investigations. 115.272 Section 115.272 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) PRISON RAPE ELIMINATION ACT NATIONAL STANDARDS Standards for Community Confinement Facilities Investigations § 115.272...

  10. 28 CFR 115.272 - Evidentiary standard for administrative investigations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Evidentiary standard for administrative investigations. 115.272 Section 115.272 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) PRISON RAPE ELIMINATION ACT NATIONAL STANDARDS Standards for Community Confinement Facilities Investigations § 115.272...

  11. Continuing exposure to hexavalent chromium, a known lung carcinogen: an analysis of OSHA compliance inspections, 1990-2000.

    PubMed

    Lurie, Peter; Wolfe, Sidney M

    2002-11-01

    Hexavalent chromium is widely recognized to be a lung carcinogen. However, the U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) has failed to reduce the permissible exposure limit (PEL), despite having acknowledged in 1994 that the current limit is too high. In 1993, Public Citizen and the Paper, Allied-Industrial, Chemical and Energy Workers International Union (PACE) petitioned to lower the PEL from the current 100 microg/m(3) to 0.5 microg/m(3) as an 8-hr time-weighted average (TWA). To assess industry compliance with the current PEL, and to determine the feasibility of achieving the proposed lower limit of 0.5 microg/m(3), we conducted a secondary data analysis of OSHA's Integrated Management Information System (IMIS) database. This database contains 813 measurements of hexavalent chromium exposure from inspections performed during the years 1990-2000. There was a statistically significant decline in the annual number of measurements over the study period from 127 in 1990 to 67 in 2000 (F = 0.0009; linear regression). The median TWA measurement was 10 microg/m(3) (range: 0.01-13,960 microg/m(3)) and the median ceiling measurement was 40.5 microg/m(3) (range: 0.25-25,000 microg/m(3)). Neither median TWA nor median ceiling exposures (if hexavalent chromium was detected) declined significantly during the study period (F = 0.065 and 0.57, respectively). Overall, 13.7% of TWA measurements were at or below the Public Citizen/PACE proposed standard; 65.0% were between the Public Citizen/PACE proposal and the current OSHA PEL; and 21.3% exceeded the OSHA PEL. Compared to OSHA measurements, state measurements were less likely to detect hexavalent chromium (40.2% vs. 52.1%; P = 0.0007; chi-square) and less likely to issue any citation (9.3% vs. 19.1%; P = 0.0003), including citations for overexposure if the exposure exceeded the PEL (54.8% vs. 78.8%; P = 0.012). U.S. workers continue to be exposed to dangerously high hexavalent chromium levels, but low exposure

  12. 20 CFR 632.40 - Administrative staff and personnel standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Administrative staff and personnel standards. 632.40 Section 632.40 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR....40 Administrative staff and personnel standards. (a) Staffing. Members of the population to be...

  13. Employment Standards for Vocational Education Administrators.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tennessee State Board of Education, 2004

    2004-01-01

    Employment Standards for Vocational Education Supervisory positions are addressed on page 5 in the 1999 Rules, Regulations and Minimum Standards for the Governance of Tennessee Public Schools, 0520-1-2-.03(10)(i). School systems were notified by the Assistant Commissioner of Vocational-Technical Education in April 1999 that the standard must be…

  14. Exploring the Validity of Standards for School Administrator Preparation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Keeler, Carolyn M.

    2002-01-01

    Examines the validity of the Idaho Foundation Standards for School Administrators, an adaptation of the Interstate School Leaders Licensure Consortium, as the basis of Idaho administrator preparation. Data from building administrators, superintendents, and administrative interns reveal that counseling skills, training in change strategies, and…

  15. 67 FR 71210 - Standard on Process Safety Management of Highly Hazardous Chemicals (PSM); Extension of the...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2002-11-29

    ... Occupational Safety and Health Administration Standard on Process Safety Management of Highly Hazardous...-collection requirements specified by its Standard on Process Safety Management of Highly Hazardous Chemicals... and Health Administration (OSHA) to develop a standard on Process Safety Management of...

  16. Views of a Cal/OSHA Inspector.

    PubMed

    Oudiz, Jack

    2009-01-01

    Retiring CAL/OSHA Industrial Hygienist and Senior Safety Engineer Jack Oudiz offers his thoughts in the nature of a voluntary "exit interview" on his years working for the agency and its performance in its mission.

  17. [Suggestions on improving administration of local crude drug quality standards].

    PubMed

    Zhao, Yu-Xin; Ma, Guang-Lin; Yu, Jiang-Yong

    2017-07-01

    To improve the administration of local crude drug quality standard, the administration history, and current administration situation of local crude drugs were reviewed, the legal orientation and positive effect of local crude drugs were analyzed, and the existing problems were summarized. It was found that many problems existed in the administration of local crude drug quality standards, especially the phenomenon of homonym and synonym on their names. The suggestions on improving the administration of local crude drug quality standards were proposed. First of all, the construction of legal system should be strengthened to improve the administration methods. Secondly, the coordination mechanism should be developed to solve the outstanding problems. Thirdly, the basic research should be enhanced to resolve the general technical problems. Lastly, the channels to transfer the local crude drugs into pharmacopeia standards should be developed to achieve dynamic administration. Copyright© by the Chinese Pharmaceutical Association.

  18. Impact of OSHA Final Rule—Recording Hearing Loss: An Analysis of an Industrial Audiometric Dataset

    PubMed Central

    Rabinowitz, Peter M.; Slade, Martin; Dixon-Ernst, Christine; Sircar, Kanta; Cullen, Mark

    2013-01-01

    The 2003 Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) Occupational Injury and Illness Recording and Reporting Final Rule changed the definition of recordable work-related hearing loss. We performed a study of the Alcoa Inc. audiometric database to evaluate the impact of this new rule. The 2003 rule increased the rate of potentially recordable hearing loss events from 0.2% to 1.6% per year. A total of 68.6% of potentially recordable cases had American Academy of Audiology/American Medical Association (AAO/AMA) hearing impairment at the time of recordability. On average, recordable loss occurred after onset of impairment, whereas the non-age-corrected 10-dB standard threshold shift (STS) usually preceded impairment. The OSHA Final Rule will significantly increase recordable cases of occupational hearing loss. The new case definition is usually accompanied by AAO/AMA hearing impairment. Other, more sensitive metrics should therefore be used for early detection and prevention of hearing loss. PMID:14665813

  19. Impact of OSHA final rule--recording hearing loss: an analysis of an industrial audiometric dataset.

    PubMed

    Rabinowitz, Peter M; Slade, Martin; Dixon-Ernst, Christine; Sircar, Kanta; Cullen, Mark

    2003-12-01

    The 2003 Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) Occupational Injury and Illness Recording and Reporting Final Rule changed the definition of recordable work-related hearing loss. We performed a study of the Alcoa Inc. audiometric database to evaluate the impact of this new rule. The 2003 rule increased the rate of potentially recordable hearing loss events from 0.2% to 1.6% per year. A total of 68.6% of potentially recordable cases had American Academy of Audiology/American Medical Association (AAO/AMA) hearing impairment at the time of recordability. On average, recordable loss occurred after onset of impairment, whereas the non-age-corrected 10-dB standard threshold shift (STS) usually preceded impairment. The OSHA Final Rule will significantly increase recordable cases of occupational hearing loss. The new case definition is usually accompanied by AAO/AMA hearing impairment. Other, more sensitive metrics should therefore be used for early detection and prevention of hearing loss.

  20. OSHA Bloodborne Pathogens Standards Exposure Control Plan

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Luhrs, Caro Elise; Teitelbaum, Rita

    1993-01-01

    The Hummer Associates Exposure Control Plan is designed to reduce significant occupational exposure to bloodborne pathogens and infectious materials for Hummer Associates health care personnel. Under universal precautions, all patients and all body fluids are considered potentially infectious for bloodborne pathogens. Medical personnel need not be at increased risk if universal precautions are correctly understood and followed. This program covers all employees who could reasonably anticipate contact with blood or other potentially infectious materials during the performance of their job responsibilities. Although HIV and hepatitis B are mentioned most often, this program applies to all bloodborne diseases. The two main components needed to implement this program are universal precautions and engineering/work practice controls. This program covers all employees who may have occupational exposure to blood or other potentially infectious materials. Other aspects of this program are discussed.

  1. Exemptions from OSHA`s PSM rule oil and gas field production

    SciTech Connect

    West, H.H.; Landes, S.

    1995-12-31

    The OSHA Process Safety Management (PSM) regulation, OSHA 1910.119, contains a number of exemptions which are specifically directed to the low hazard situations typically found in the field production facilities of the oil and gas industry. Each relevant PSM exemption is discussed with particular regard to the requirements of hydrocarbon production facilities.

  2. How to handle a surprise OSHA inspection: a legal background and guide for the dentist-employer.

    PubMed

    Kruer, J C

    1989-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to enlighten the dentist-employer of his legal rights and the options and procedures available to him when confronted with an OSHA inspection. Armed with legal precedence regarding OSHA's authority for administrative searches, the dentist-employer can make a knowledgeable decision whether to insist on a valid search warrant as a prerequisite to allowing such an inspection. If and when OSHA does inspect, the dentist will be aware of the constitutional and statutory limits on the scope of the inspection.

  3. 20 CFR 633.313 - Administrative staff and personnel standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Administrative staff and personnel standards. 633.313 Section 633.313 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF... employment shall not involve the performance of duties which the employee should perform as part of...

  4. 20 CFR 633.313 - Administrative staff and personnel standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Administrative staff and personnel standards. 633.313 Section 633.313 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF... employment shall not involve the performance of duties which the employee should perform as part of...

  5. Client Perceptions of Occupational Health and Safety Management System Assistance Provided by OSHA On-Site Consultation: Results of a Survey of Colorado Small Business Consultation Clients.

    PubMed

    Autenrieth, Daniel A; Brazile, William J; Gilkey, David P; Reynolds, Stephen J; June, Cathy; Sandfort, Del

    2015-01-01

    The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) On-Site Consultation Service provides assistance establishing occupational health and safety management systems (OHSMS) to small businesses. The Safety and Health Program Assessment Worksheet (Revised OSHA Form 33) is the instrument used by consultants to assess an organization's OHSMS and provide feedback on how to improve a system. A survey was developed to determine the usefulness of the Revised OSHA Form 33 from the perspective of Colorado OSHA consultation clients. One hundred and seven clients who had received consultation services within a six-year period responded to the survey. The vast majority of respondents indicated that the Revised OSHA Form 33 accurately reflected their OHSMS and that information provided on the Revised OSHA Form 33 was helpful for improving their systems. Specific outcomes reported by the respondents included increased safety awareness, reduced injuries, and improved morale. The results indicate that the OHSMS assistance provided by OSHA consultation is beneficial for clients and that the Revised OSHA Form 33 can be an effective tool for assessing and communicating OHSMS results to business management. Detailed comments and suggestions provided on the Revised OSHA Form 33 are helpful for clients to improve their OHSMS.

  6. 29 CFR 1960.31 - Inspections by OSHA.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... scheduled inspections as an integral part of OSHA's evaluation of an agency's safety and health program in accordance with subpart J of this part. (d) OSHA inspections shall follow the general format set forth...

  7. 29 CFR 1960.31 - Inspections by OSHA.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... scheduled inspections as an integral part of OSHA's evaluation of an agency's safety and health program in accordance with subpart J of this part. (d) OSHA inspections shall follow the general format set forth...

  8. 29 CFR 1960.31 - Inspections by OSHA.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... scheduled inspections as an integral part of OSHA's evaluation of an agency's safety and health program in accordance with subpart J of this part. (d) OSHA inspections shall follow the general format set forth...

  9. Small Entity Compliance Guide for the Revised Respiratory Protection Standard

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1998-09-30

    determine compliance responsibilities, which are set forth in Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) standards and the Occupational Safety and... Occupational Safety and Health Review Commission and the courts. The Respiratory Protection standard will protect an estimated 5 million respirator wearers.

  10. 34 CFR 668.16 - Standards of administrative capability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 34 Education 3 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Standards of administrative capability. 668.16 Section 668.16 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF POSTSECONDARY EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION STUDENT ASSISTANCE GENERAL PROVISIONS Standards...

  11. Statistical Modeling of Occupational Exposure to Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons Using OSHA Data.

    PubMed

    Lee, Derrick G; Lavoué, Jérôme; Spinelli, John J; Burstyn, Igor

    2015-01-01

    Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are a group of pollutants with multiple variants classified as carcinogenic. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) provided access to two PAH exposure databanks of United States workplace compliance testing data collected between 1979 and 2010. Mixed-effects logistic models were used to predict the exceedance fraction (EF), i.e., the probability of exceeding OSHA's Permissible Exposure Limit (PEL = 0.2 mg/m3) for PAHs based on industry and occupation. Measurements of coal tar pitch volatiles were used as a surrogate for PAHs. Time, databank, occupation, and industry were included as fixed-effects while an identifier for the compliance inspection number was included as a random effect. Analyses involved 2,509 full-shift personal measurements. Results showed that the majority of industries had an estimated EF < 0.5, although several industries, including Standardized Industry Classification codes 1623 (Water, Sewer, Pipeline, and Communication and Powerline Construction), 1711 (Plumbing, Heating, and Air-Conditioning), 2824 (Manmade Organic Fibres), 3496 (Misc. Fabricated Wire products), and 5812 (Eating Places), and Major group's 13 (Oil and Gas Extraction) and 30 (Rubber and Miscellaneous Plastic Products), were estimated to have more than an 80% likelihood of exceeding the PEL. There was an inverse temporal trend of exceeding the PEL, with lower risk in most recent years, albeit not statistically significant. Similar results were shown when incorporating occupation, but varied depending on the occupation as the majority of industries predicted at the administrative level, e.g., managers, had an estimated EF < 0.5 while at the minimally skilled/laborer level there was a substantial increase in the estimated EF. These statistical models allow the prediction of PAH exposure risk through individual occupational histories and will be used to create a job-exposure matrix for use in a population-based case

  12. 29 CFR 1912a.10 - Presence of OSHA officer or employee.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 7 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Presence of OSHA officer or employee. 1912a.10 Section 1912a.10 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR (CONTINUED) NATIONAL ADVISORY COMMITTEE ON OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH §...

  13. Analysis of the asbestos permissible-exposure-level threshold standard. Master's thesis

    SciTech Connect

    Peterson, M.W.

    1991-06-01

    This thesis examines the reasoning of the Occupational Safety and Health Administration's (OSHA) decision to set stringent exposure levels for airborne asbestos in the work place. Technical recommendations from the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), the Bureau of Mines, and the American conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists were presented to OSHA for consideration. OSHA and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) set industry standards for permissible exposure levels (PEL) of airborne asbestos. Exposure to asbestos poses a health hazard to workers, their families, and consumers of asbestos products. Because it poses an unreasonable risk human life, OSHA has repeatedly lowered the Permissible Exposure Levels and the EPA will ban the manufacture, importation, processing and commercial distribution of asbestos containing products from the United States in phases by 1997. These decisions may have been made too hastily because of the long latency (15-40 years) period before cancer develops, and the added risks that smoking imposes.

  14. A new estimate of the impact of OSHA inspections on manufacturing injury rates, 1998-2005.

    PubMed

    Haviland, Amelia M; Burns, Rachel M; Gray, Wayne B; Ruder, Teague; Mendeloff, John

    2012-11-01

    A prior study indicated that the effect of OSHA inspections on lost workday injuries had declined from 1979 through 1998. This study provides an updated estimate for 1998-2005. Injury data from the Pennsylvania workers' compensation program were linked with employment data from unemployment compensation records to calculate lost-time rates for single-establishment manufacturing firms with more than 10 employees. These rates were linked to OSHA inspection findings. The RAND Human Subjects Protection Committee determined that this study was exempt from review. Inspections with penalties reduced injuries by an average of 19-24% annually in the 2 years following the inspection. These effects were not found for workplaces with fewer than 20 or more than 250 employees or for inspections without penalties. These findings should be generalizable to the 29 states where federal OSHA directly enforces standards. They suggest that the impact of inspections has increased from the 1990s. Copyright © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  15. 34 CFR 668.16 - Standards of administrative capability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 34 Education 3 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Standards of administrative capability. 668.16 Section 668.16 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF... extent those rates are calculated under subpart M of this part; (ii) On or after 2014, that is less than...

  16. Situating Literacy Leadership within the ISLLC Standards for Education Administration

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brumley, Cade

    2010-01-01

    Over the past decade, the ISLLC Standards for Educational Administration have become increasingly recognized as a universal structure to guide the thoughts and actions of school principals seeking to increase school performance and improve individual student achievement. More recently, caring and passionate principals throughout the United States…

  17. Introduction to Educational Administration: Standards, Theories, and Practice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fiore, Douglas

    2004-01-01

    This comprehensive and practical text introduces your students to concepts and theories of educational administration. It is unlike other texts which are structured in isolated units. Instead, the topics in this book are connected, presented in the context of the Interstate School Leaders Licensure Consortium (ISLLC) standards which reveal the…

  18. 20 CFR 632.40 - Administrative staff and personnel standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... INDIAN AND NATIVE AMERICAN EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING PROGRAMS Administrative Standards and Procedures § 632.... Native American grantees shall establish systems to enhance the recruitment and hiring of qualified Indian and Native Americans and to provide opportunities for their further occupational training...

  19. 25 CFR 36.11 - Standard II-Administrative requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... Management § 36.11 Standard II—Administrative requirements. (a) Staffing. Each school shall, at a minimum... program teachers in self-contained classrooms shall not exceed the following except under the conditions...—high school 25:1 (2) Multi-grade classrooms that cross grade-level boundaries (e.g., K-1, 3-4, etc...

  20. 25 CFR 36.11 - Standard II-Administrative requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... Management § 36.11 Standard II—Administrative requirements. (a) Staffing. Each school shall, at a minimum... program teachers in self-contained classrooms shall not exceed the following except under the conditions...—high school 25:1 (2) Multi-grade classrooms that cross grade-level boundaries (e.g., K-1, 3-4, etc...

  1. 25 CFR 36.11 - Standard II-Administrative requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... Management § 36.11 Standard II—Administrative requirements. (a) Staffing. Each school shall, at a minimum... program teachers in self-contained classrooms shall not exceed the following except under the conditions...—high school 25:1 (2) Multi-grade classrooms that cross grade-level boundaries (e.g., K-1, 3-4, etc...

  2. 25 CFR 36.11 - Standard II-Administrative requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... Management § 36.11 Standard II—Administrative requirements. (a) Staffing. Each school shall, at a minimum... program teachers in self-contained classrooms shall not exceed the following except under the conditions...—high school 25:1 (2) Multi-grade classrooms that cross grade-level boundaries (e.g., K-1, 3-4, etc...

  3. 25 CFR 36.11 - Standard II-Administrative requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... Management § 36.11 Standard II—Administrative requirements. (a) Staffing. Each school shall, at a minimum... program teachers in self-contained classrooms shall not exceed the following except under the conditions...—high school 25:1 (2) Multi-grade classrooms that cross grade-level boundaries (e.g., K-1, 3-4, etc...

  4. 42 CFR 432.10 - Standards of personnel administration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Standards of personnel administration. 432.10 Section 432.10 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN... must— (1) Assure that the U.S. Civil Service Commission has determined the adequacy of current...

  5. Teacher and Administrator Responses to Standards-Based Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Desimone, Laura

    2013-01-01

    Background: Since the onset of standards-based reform and its continuation in the form of No Child Left Behind (NCLB) and now Race to the Top, debates have continued about whether such policies foster desirable change in states, districts, schools and classrooms. Research Question: The study asks: How do state and district administrators,…

  6. National Association of Physical Plant Administrators Standards Committee Report, 1966.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Association of Physical Plant Administrators of Universities and Colleges, Richmond, IN.

    The 1966 report of the National Standards Committee summarizes the results of the 1965 questionnaire from 89 institutions of higher education which are listed by name. Tabulations and graphs of data are given in the areas of the cost of administration of the plant operation, janitorial services, utilities, grounds, labor, traffic and security.…

  7. Teacher and Administrator Responses to Standards-Based Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Desimone, Laura

    2013-01-01

    Background: Since the onset of standards-based reform and its continuation in the form of No Child Left Behind (NCLB) and now Race to the Top, debates have continued about whether such policies foster desirable change in states, districts, schools and classrooms. Research Question: The study asks: How do state and district administrators,…

  8. Introduction to Educational Administration: Standards, Theories, and Practice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fiore, Douglas

    2004-01-01

    This comprehensive and practical text introduces your students to concepts and theories of educational administration. It is unlike other texts which are structured in isolated units. Instead, the topics in this book are connected, presented in the context of the Interstate School Leaders Licensure Consortium (ISLLC) standards which reveal the…

  9. Design Compliance Matrices to ANSI and OSHA

    SciTech Connect

    BENDIXSEN, R.B.

    2000-04-03

    U.S. Department of Energy Letter 98-SFD-028 requested Fluor Daniel Hanford, Inc. to provide clarifications as to compliance with ANSI 57.1, 57.2, 57.9, and 29 CFR 1910.179 (OSHA), in the form of an item-by-item compliance matrix, for the CSB. This Supporting Document contains Fluor Daniel, Inc.'s response for use by Fluor Daniel Hanford, Inc. regarding the clarifications requested by the U.S. Department of Energy.

  10. 78 FR 13675 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Submission for OMB Review; Cost Accounting Standards Administration

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-28

    ... Regulation; Submission for OMB Review; Cost Accounting Standards Administration AGENCY: Department of Defense... approved information collection requirement concerning cost accounting standards administration. A notice... Information Collection 9000- 0129, Cost Accounting Standards Administration by any of the following methods...

  11. 77 FR 69441 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Information Collection; Cost Accounting Standards Administration

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-19

    ... Regulation; Information Collection; Cost Accounting Standards Administration AGENCY: Department of Defense... approved information collection requirement concerning cost accounting standards administration. Public... comments identified by Information Collection 9000- 0129, Cost Accounting Standards Administration by any...

  12. Under-recording of work-related injuries and illnesses: An OSHA priority.

    PubMed

    Fagan, Kathleen M; Hodgson, Michael J

    2017-02-01

    A 2009 Government Accounting Office (GAO) report, along with numerous published studies, documented that many workplace injuries are not recorded on employers' recordkeeping logs required by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) and consequently are under-reported to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), resulting in a substantial undercount of occupational injuries in the United States. OSHA conducted a Recordkeeping National Emphasis Program (NEP) from 2009 to 2012 to identify the extent and causes of unrecorded and incorrectly recorded occupational injuries and illnesses. OSHA found recordkeeping violations in close to half of all facilities inspected. Employee interviews identified workers' fear of reprisal and employer disciplinary programs as the most important causes of under-reporting. Subsequent inspections in the poultry industry identified employer medical management policies that fostered both under-reporting and under-recording of workplace injuries and illnesses. OSHA corroborated previous research findings and identified onsite medical units as a potential new cause of both under-reporting and under-recording. Research is needed to better characterize and eliminate obstacles to the compilation of accurate occupational injury and illness data. Occupational health professionals who work with high hazard industries where low injury rates are being recorded may wish to scrutinize recordkeeping practices carefully. This work suggests that, although many high-risk establishments manage recordkeeping with integrity, the lower the reported injury rate, the greater the likelihood of under-recording and under-reporting of work-related injuries and illnesses. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

  13. Mobilization and Defense Management Technical Reports Series. The Impact of OSHA (Occupational Safety and Health Administration) and EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) on Defense Industry and the Implications for Mobilization.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1983-05-01

    mat of the voluntary standards thean in existence (JASI and NVA standards, for wcmmle). fwue affected the broad spectrum of Nm rican industry. As OBIA ...have been funded. As OMA matured, programs, standards, and inspections were significantly improved and gained industry aeptance. OBIA has deleted many

  14. Asbestos Standard for the Construction Industry

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1995-01-01

    Asbestos Standard for the Construction Industry U.S. Department of Labor Occupational Safety and Health Administration OSHA 3096 1995 (Revised...s) and Address(es) U.S. Dept of Labor Occupational Safety & Health Administration 200 Constitution Avenue Washington, DC 20210 Performing...interpretations and decisions by the Occupational Safety and Health Review Commission and the courts. Material contained in this publication is in the public

  15. Demystifying the Occupational Safety and Health Administration inspection process.

    PubMed

    Price, Lowell L; Goodman, Terri

    2006-04-01

    Being prepared for an Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) inspection can save a facility money, as well as potentially protect employees from serious illness or injury. This article explains the OSHA inspection process, types of violations that may be cited and the appeals process for employers and employees. Actual citations given in four recent OSHA health care facility inspections are discussed and general recommendations to prepare for an OSHA site visit are given.

  16. Compliance with OSHA record-keeping requirements.

    PubMed Central

    Seligman, P J; Sieber, W K; Pedersen, D H; Sundin, D S; Frazier, T M

    1988-01-01

    The Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 requires employers to maintain records of workplace injuries and illnesses. To assess compliance with the law, data from the National Occupational Exposure Survey (NOES) were examined. Of the 4,185 companies with 11 or more employees, 75 per cent maintained OSHA Form 200 designed for recording illnesses and injuries. The number of employees and the presence of a union were positive determinants in the record maintenance. Of companies with 500 or more employees, 95 per cent kept records compared with 60 per cent of companies with between 11 and 99 employees. PMID:3407825

  17. 78 FR 67210 - Charging Standard Administrative Fees for Nonprogram-Related Information; Correction

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-08

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SOCIAL SECURITY...: Social Security Administration. ACTION: Notice of standard administrative fees for providing information... administrative fees; Correction. SUMMARY: The Social Security Administration published a document in the...

  18. 76 FR 17451 - Online OSHA Outreach Training Programs

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-29

    ... speak this language. OSHA requires that all information pertinent to the course be submitted in English... information. (e) Training must engage the trainee with frequent interaction techniques and feedback. (i... opportunities and feedback. (iii) OSHA requires a highly interactive, participatory online course....

  19. Evaluation of OSHA method 5 for measuring chloroform in pulp and paper industry workplace and ambient atmospheres

    SciTech Connect

    Crawford, R.J.; Cloutier, S.L.; Rovell-Rixx, D.C. )

    1992-03-01

    As a result of the recent lowering of the Occupational Safety and Health Administration's (OSHA's) permissible exposure limit (PEL) for chloroform from 50 ppm to 2 ppm, interest has increased in measuring chloroform in pulp and paper industry workplace atmospheres. OSHA suggested that its Method 5 should be used for measuring chloroform concentrations in the range of the new PEL. There are some potential problems with using Method 5 for this purpose. Pulp and paper industry atmospheres may interfere with the measurement because of high temperature, high humidity, and the presence of chlorine. The charcoal sorbent tubes specified in OSHA Method 5 were challenged in the laboratory with a test gas containing 0.1, 0.5, 1, and 2 times the PEL of chloroform at 38 degrees C with 80% to 93% relative humidity and ca. 0.5 ppm chlorine. Application of the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) validation protocol to the results indicated a bias of -8.2% and a pooled coefficient of variation (CV) of 0.0274. The method CV is less than the critical CV; thus, the method is acceptable by the NIOSH validation protocol under these conditions. Field testing of OSHA Method 5 was successful and did not reveal any unexpected problems. Additional tests showed that with some modification, OSHA Method 5 can be used to measure chloroform concentrations in ambient atmospheres down to 0.1 ppb.

  20. 29 CFR 1960.19 - Other Federal agency standards affecting occupational safety and health.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... and health issued by a Federal agency other than OSHA. For example, standards issued by the Federal... agencies which deal with hazardous working conditions, but for which OSHA has no standards. (c) Although it is not anticipated that standards of other Federal agencies will conflict with OSHA standards, should...

  1. 29 CFR 1960.19 - Other Federal agency standards affecting occupational safety and health.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... and health issued by a Federal agency other than OSHA. For example, standards issued by the Federal... agencies which deal with hazardous working conditions, but for which OSHA has no standards. (c) Although it is not anticipated that standards of other Federal agencies will conflict with OSHA standards, should...

  2. 29 CFR 1960.19 - Other Federal agency standards affecting occupational safety and health.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... and health issued by a Federal agency other than OSHA. For example, standards issued by the Federal... agencies which deal with hazardous working conditions, but for which OSHA has no standards. (c) Although it is not anticipated that standards of other Federal agencies will conflict with OSHA standards, should...

  3. 29 CFR 1960.19 - Other Federal agency standards affecting occupational safety and health.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... and health issued by a Federal agency other than OSHA. For example, standards issued by the Federal... agencies which deal with hazardous working conditions, but for which OSHA has no standards. (c) Although it is not anticipated that standards of other Federal agencies will conflict with OSHA standards, should...

  4. 76 FR 63509 - Small Business Size Standards: Administrative and Support, Waste Management and Remediation Services

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-12

    ... additional factors that SBA should consider; whether SBA's approach to small business size standards makes... Small Business Administration 13 CFR Part 121 Small Business Size Standards: Administrative and Support... / Wednesday, October 12, 2011 / Proposed Rules#0;#0; [[Page 63510

  5. General RMP Guidance - Appendix D: OSHA Guidance on PSM

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    OSHA's Process Safety Management (PSM) Guidance on providing complete and accurate written information concerning process chemicals, process technology, and process equipment; including process hazard analysis and material safety data sheets.

  6. A Recipe for Success OSHA VPP and Wellness

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Keprta, Sean

    2010-01-01

    This slide presentation reviews the Voluntary Protection Program (VPP) which is a program to promote effective worksite-based safety and health. In the VPP, management, labor, and OSHA establish cooperative relationships at workplaces that have implemented a comprehensive safety and health management system. The history of JSC's Total Health program and the movement from the Safety and Total Health program and the efforts to become certified by OSHA is reviewed.

  7. TRADE instructional materials for SARA/OSHA training. Volume 2, Managers and supervisors training

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1989-03-01

    This document provides instructional materials for an eight-hour training course for managers and supervisors of hazardous waste sites. It is one of three volumes of course materials TRADE is preparing to help DOE contractor training staff comply with 29 CFR 1910.120, the Occupational Health and Safety Administration (OSHA) rule that implements Title I of the Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act (SARA) of 1986. OSHA`s final rule for hazardous waste operators was published in the Federal Register of March 6, 1989 (54 FR 9294). Combined with the materials in Volumes I and III and with appropriate site-specific information, these materials will help DOE contractors to meet the requirements of 1910.120 (e) that ``on-site management and supervisors directly responsible for, or who supervise employees engaged in, hazardous waste operations`` receive the same initial training as that of the employees they supervise and at least eight additional hours of specialized training in managing hazardous waste operations.

  8. 75 FR 38645 - Standards Improvement Project-Phase III

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-02

    ...The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) is continuing its efforts to remove or revise outdated, duplicative, unnecessary, and inconsistent requirements in its safety and health standards. This effort builds on the success of Standards Improvement Project (SIP)--Phase I published on June 18, 1998, and SIP--Phase II published on January 5, 2005. The Agency believes that the proposed revisions will reduce compliance costs, eliminate paperwork burdens, and clarify requirements without diminishing worker protections.

  9. Surveillance of Washington OSHA exposure data to identify uncharacterized or emerging occupational health hazards.

    PubMed

    Lofgren, Don J; Reeb-Whitaker, Carolyn K; Adams, Darrin

    2010-07-01

    Chemical substance exposure data from the Washington State Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) program were reviewed to determine if inspections conducted as a result of a report of a hazard from a complainant or referent may alert the agency to uncharacterized or emerging health hazards. Exposure and other electronically stored data from 6890 health inspection reports conducted between April 2003 and August 2008 were extracted from agency records. A total of 515 (7%) inspections with one or more personal airborne chemical substance samples were identified for further study. Inspections by report of a hazard and by targeting were compared for the following: number of inspections, number and percentage of inspections with workers exposed to substances above an agency's permissible exposure limit, types of industries inspected, and number and type of chemical substances assessed. Report of a hazard inspections documented work sites with worker overexposure at the same rate as agency targeted inspections (approximately 35% of the time), suggesting that complainants and referents are a credible pool of observers capable of directing the agency to airborne chemical substance hazards. Report of a hazard inspections were associated with significantly broader distribution of industries as well as a greater variety of chemical substance exposures than were targeted inspections. Narrative text that described business type and processes inspected was more useful than NAICS codes alone and critical in identifying processes and industries that may be associated with new hazards. Finally, previously identified emerging hazards were found among the report of a hazard data. These findings indicate that surveillance of OSHA inspection data can be a valid tool to identify uncharacterized and emerging health hazards. Additional research is needed to develop criteria for objective review and prioritization of the data for intervention. Federal OSHA and other state

  10. 20 CFR 633.313 - Administrative staff and personnel standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... for each position shall be justified and documented by the grantee to the satisfaction of the... written detailed job description identifying job functions and responsibilities for each administrative...

  11. 48 CFR 52.230-6 - Administration of Cost Accounting Standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Clauses 52.230-6 Administration of Cost Accounting Standards. As prescribed in 30.201-4(d)(1), insert the following clause: Administration of Cost Accounting Standards (JUN 2010) For the purpose of administering the Cost Accounting Standards (CAS) requirements under this contract, the Contractor shall take...

  12. 2016 Updated American Society of Clinical Oncology/Oncology Nursing Society Chemotherapy Administration Safety Standards, Including Standards for Pediatric Oncology.

    PubMed

    Neuss, Michael N; Gilmore, Terry R; Belderson, Kristin M; Billett, Amy L; Conti-Kalchik, Tara; Harvey, Brittany E; Hendricks, Carolyn; LeFebvre, Kristine B; Mangu, Pamela B; McNiff, Kristen; Olsen, MiKaela; Schulmeister, Lisa; Von Gehr, Ann; Polovich, Martha

    2016-12-01

    Purpose To update the ASCO/Oncology Nursing Society (ONS) Chemotherapy Administration Safety Standards and to highlight standards for pediatric oncology. Methods The ASCO/ONS Chemotherapy Administration Safety Standards were first published in 2009 and updated in 2011 to include inpatient settings. A subsequent 2013 revision expanded the standards to include the safe administration and management of oral chemotherapy. A joint ASCO/ONS workshop with stakeholder participation, including that of the Association of Pediatric Hematology Oncology Nurses and American Society of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology, was held on May 12, 2015, to review the 2013 standards. An extensive literature search was subsequently conducted, and public comments on the revised draft standards were solicited. Results The updated 2016 standards presented here include clarification and expansion of existing standards to include pediatric oncology and to introduce new standards: most notably, two-person verification of chemotherapy preparation processes, administration of vinca alkaloids via minibags in facilities in which intrathecal medications are administered, and labeling of medications dispensed from the health care setting to be taken by the patient at home. The standards were reordered and renumbered to align with the sequential processes of chemotherapy prescription, preparation, and administration. Several standards were separated into their respective components for clarity and to facilitate measurement of adherence to a standard. Conclusion As oncology practice has changed, so have chemotherapy administration safety standards. Advances in technology, cancer treatment, and education and training have prompted the need for periodic review and revision of the standards. Additional information is available at http://www.asco.org/chemo-standards .

  13. Standardized Tests: A Handbook for Administration and Use.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lown, Donald E.

    The purpose of this handbook is to provide information and guidelines for using data from standardized tests. The handbook consists of six sections: (1) explains the rationale for district-wide testing; (2) discusses a district testing program; (3) presents guidelines for testing which describes procedures for administering standardized tests; (4)…

  14. Assessing the Assessors: JMC Administrators Critique the Nine ACEJMC Standards

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reinardy, Scott; Crawford, Jerry, II.

    2013-01-01

    For nearly ninety years, journalism professionals and academics have attempted to develop standards by which to prepare college students for the media industry. For nearly 70 years, the Accrediting Council on Education in Journalism and Mass Communications (ACEJMC) has assessed programs based on its standards. This study surveyed administers of…

  15. Effectiveness of OSHA Outreach Training on carpenters' work-related injury rates, Washington State 2000-2008.

    PubMed

    Schoenfisch, Ashley L; Lipscomb, Hester; Sinyai, Clayton; Adams, Darrin

    2017-01-01

    Despite the size and breadth of OSHA's Outreach Training program for construction, information on its impact on work-related injury rates is limited. In a 9-year dynamic cohort of 17,106 union carpenters in Washington State, the effectiveness of OSHA Outreach Training on workers' compensation claims rate was explored. Injury rates were calculated by training status overall and by carpenters' demographic and work characteristics using Poisson regression. OSHA Outreach Training resulted in a 13% non-significant reduction in injury claims rates overall. The protective effect was more pronounced for carpenters in their apprenticeship years, drywall installers, and with increasing time since training. In line with these observed effects and prior research, it is unrealistic to expect OSHA Outreach Training alone to have large effects on union construction workers' injury rates. Standard construction industry practice should include hazard awareness and protection training, coupled with more efficient approaches to injury control. Am. J. Ind. Med. 60:45-57, 2017. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  16. 76 FR 54497 - Compliance Testing Program Administrative Clarification to National Institute of Justice Standard...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-01

    ... Justice Standard-0101.06, Ballistic Resistance of Body Armor AGENCY: National Institute of Justice... administrative clarification of NIJ Standard 0101.06, ``Ballistic Resistance Body Armor'' (hereinafter, ``NIJ...

  17. Principal Induction: A Standards-Based Model for Administrator Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilmore, Elaine L.

    2004-01-01

    Many school administrator candidates enter the principalship with great potential, but sometimes lack the critical guidance to ensure success. With the many challenges facing principals daily, it is imperative for new and seasoned principals alike to remain informed, rejuvenated, and passionate about providing students with a quality education and…

  18. DOE standard: The Department of Energy Laboratory Accreditation Program administration

    SciTech Connect

    1998-12-01

    This technical standard describes the US Department of Energy Laboratory Accreditation Program (DOELAP), organizational responsibilities, and the accreditation process. DOELAP evaluates and accredits personnel dosimetry and radiobioassay programs used for worker monitoring and protection at DOE and DOE contractor sites and facilities as required in Title 10, Code of Federal Regulations, Part 835, Occupational Radiation Protection. The purpose of this technical standard is to establish procedures for administering DOELAP and acquiring accreditation.

  19. 30 CFR 71.702 - Asbestos standard.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...) using the OSHA Reference Method in OSHA's asbestos standard found in 29 CFR 1910.1001, Appendix A, or a... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Asbestos standard. 71.702 Section 71.702... MANDATORY HEALTH STANDARDS-SURFACE COAL MINES AND SURFACE WORK AREAS OF UNDERGROUND COAL MINES Airborne...

  20. Screening and Surveillance: A Guide to OSHA Standards

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2000-01-01

    United States Public Health Service SGOT - serum glutamic oxalacetic transaminase SGPT - serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase ZPP - zinc... ZPP , BUN, serum creatinine, urinalysis with micro, blood-lead levels, peripheral smear morphology, red cell indices1, 5; if requested by employee

  1. 75 FR 3236 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Submission for OMB Review; Cost Accounting Standards Administration

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-20

    ... Regulation; Submission for OMB Review; Cost Accounting Standards Administration AGENCIES: Department of... requirement concerning cost accounting standards administration. A request for public comments was published... and the provision at 52.230-5 include pertinent rules and regulations related to the Cost Accounting...

  2. 5 CFR 900.603 - Standards for a merit system of personnel administration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Standards for a merit system of personnel administration. 900.603 Section 900.603 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT (CONTINUED) CIVIL... handicap and with proper regard for their privacy and constitutional rights as citizens. This “fair...

  3. The Determinants of Federal and State Enforcement of Workplace Safety Regulations: OSHA Inspections 1990-2010*

    PubMed Central

    Jung, Juergen

    2013-01-01

    We explore the determinants of inspection outcomes across 1.6 million Occupational Safety and Health Agency (OSHA) audits from 1990 through 2010. We find that discretion in enforcement differs in state and federally conducted inspections. State agencies are more sensitive to local economic conditions, finding fewer standard violations and fewer serious violations as unemployment increases. Larger companies receive greater lenience in multiple dimensions. Inspector issued fines and final fines, after negotiated reductions, are both smaller during Republican presidencies. Quantile regression analysis reveals that Presidential and Congressional party affiliations have their greatest impact on the largest negotiated reductions in fines. PMID:24659856

  4. 34 CFR 668.16 - Standards of administrative capability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... completion of Title IV, HEA program training provided or approved by the Secretary, and previous experience... consists of grades (provided that the standards meet or exceed the requirements of § 668.34), work projects... the institution designating the minimum percentage or amount of work that a student must successfully...

  5. Introduction to Educational Administration: Standards, Theories, and Practice. Second Edition

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fiore, Douglas J.

    2009-01-01

    Organized around the ISLLC standards, this text introduces students to the concepts and theories of educational leadership. The new edition adds coverage of such topics as data usage, ethics, innovative hiring practices, and student discipline. Appearing in the second edition are chapter-ending sections called "Point-Counterpoint" which prompt…

  6. Introduction to Educational Administration: Standards, Theories, and Practice. Second Edition

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fiore, Douglas J.

    2009-01-01

    Organized around the ISLLC standards, this text introduces students to the concepts and theories of educational leadership. The new edition adds coverage of such topics as data usage, ethics, innovative hiring practices, and student discipline. Appearing in the second edition are chapter-ending sections called "Point-Counterpoint" which prompt…

  7. OSHA confined-space reg interpreted for storage tank operations

    SciTech Connect

    Myers, P.E. )

    1994-07-01

    A description of OSHA's recent confined-space regulation explains its requirements and implications for aboveground storage tank operations. These regulations require employers to set up at all facilities a comprehensive program that includes, among other things, identification, testing, permitting, training, emergency response, and rescue. A flow diagram helps determine which spaces qualify for regulation under the rule.

  8. OSHA in healthcare--out of sight, out of mind?

    PubMed

    Harris, Scott

    2012-01-01

    Millions of employees across thousands of sites. The highest illness and injury rates in the nation. Millions of nosocomial infections and fatalities each year. Few OSHA inspections. Healthcare might feel exempt, but, according to the author, "it looks like we finally got their attention".

  9. Laboratory comparison of vacuum, OSHA, and HUD sampling methods for lead in household dust.

    PubMed

    Reynolds, S J; Etre, L; Thorne, P S; Whitten, P; Selim, M; Popendorf, W J

    1997-06-01

    The goals of this project were to evaluate and compare the efficiency and reproducibility of three methods for sampling lead-containing dust in homes. Lead-containing dust was generated in a 1-m3 chamber and uniformly deposited onto surfaces typically found in the home (painted wood, unpainted wood, varnished wood, linoleum, and carpet). Trials with three levels of lead concentrations were performed for each surface. Replicate, side-by-side, surface samples were collected using the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) wipe method, the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) wipe method, and a vacuum-filter method. Samples were digested with nitric acid and analyzed using graphite furnace atomic absorption spectroscopy per National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health Method 7105. Recovery for the HUD method was consistently the highest on most surfaces (linoleum, 89.9 to 108.9%; painted wood, 71.2 to 153.7%; unpainted wood, 25.3 to 76.0%; varnished wood, 8.7 to 165.6%). On carpet the vacuum method had a significantly higher recovery (26.2 to 47.8%). For all sampling methods the percent recovery depended on type of surface and lead concentration. The reproducibility of percent recovery for the HUD (pooled coefficient of variation [CV] = 0.22) and OSHA (pooled CV = 0.27) methods was lower than that of the vacuum method (pooled CV = 0.46), though not statistically significant. Reproducibility for all methods did not vary significantly over surface type or lead concentration. Overall, the HUD method yielded the most accurate measurements, with recoveries closest to 100%. It was also more durable than the OSHA method, where Whatman filters were observed to tear.

  10. 2013 Updated American Society of Clinical Oncology/Oncology Nursing Society Chemotherapy Administration Safety Standards Including Standards for the Safe Administration and Management of Oral Chemotherapy

    PubMed Central

    Neuss, Michael N.; Polovich, Martha; McNiff, Kristen; Esper, Peg; Gilmore, Terry R.; LeFebvre, Kristine B.; Schulmeister, Lisa; Jacobson, Joseph O.

    2013-01-01

    In 2009, ASCO and the Oncology Nursing Society (ONS) published standards for the safe use of parenteral chemotherapy in the outpatient setting, including issues of practitioner orders, preparation, and administration of medication. In 2011, these were updated to include inpatient facilities. In December 2011, a multistakeholder workgroup met to address the issues associated with orally administered antineoplastics, under the leadership of ASCO and ONS. The workgroup participants developed recommended standards, which were presented for public comment. Public comments informed final edits, and the final standards were reviewed and approved by the ASCO and ONS Boards of Directors. Significant newly identified recommendations include those associated with drug prescription and the necessity of ascertaining that prescriptions are filled. In addition, the importance of patient and family education regarding administration schedules, exception procedures, disposal of unused oral medication, and aspects of continuity of care across settings were identified. This article presents the newly developed standards. PMID:23914148

  11. Final regulatory impact and regulatory flexibility analysis of the benzene standard

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1987-04-29

    The present standard for occupational exposure to benzene (29 CFR Part 1910.1000, Table Z-2) was adopted by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) in 1971 from an earlier American National Standards Institute (ANSI) standard under the authority of section 6(a) of the Occupational Safety and Health (OSH) Act of 1970. The ANSI standard set an 8-hour time-weighted average (TWA) permissible exposure limit (PEL) of 10 parts benzene per million (10mm) parts of air and was based on findings that exposure to benzene could result in aplastic anemia and other blood dyscrasias as well as acute and chronic health effects. Neither the ANSI nor the OSHA standard considered a relationship between leukemia and benzene exposure.

  12. ISLLC/ELCC Standards Implementation: Do Educational Administration Faculty Practice What They Preach?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Machado, Crystal

    2012-01-01

    Both the 1996 Interstate School Leadership Licensure Consortium (ISLLC) standards and the 2002 Educational Leadership Constituent Council (ELCC) standards, adopted by preparation programs nationwide have a strong emphasis on democratic ideals. By aligning their programs with these standards education administration faculty have taken a step in the…

  13. OSHA Training Institute Catalog of Courses.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    May, Fredric C., Comp.

    The Occupational Safety and Health Administration Training Institute's series of courses for 1978 is presented in this catalog. Most courses are designed for occupational safety or health professionals who are federal or state employees; two are available for personnel from the private sector. The schedule includes courses required for newly hired…

  14. Trends in OSHA Compliance Monitoring Data 1979-2011: Statistical Modeling of Ancillary Information across 77 Chemicals.

    PubMed

    Sarazin, Philippe; Burstyn, Igor; Kincl, Laurel; Lavoué, Jérôme

    2016-05-01

    The Integrated Management Information System (IMIS) is the largest multi-industry source of exposure measurements available in North America. However, many have suspected that the criteria through which worksites are selected for inspection are related to exposure levels. We investigated associations between exposure levels and ancillary variables in IMIS in order to understand the predictors of high exposure within an enforcement context. We analyzed the association between nine variables (reason for inspection, establishment size, total amount of penalty, Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) plan, OSHA region, union status, inspection scope, year, and industry) and exposure levels in IMIS using multimodel inference for 77 agents. For each agent, we used two different types of models: (i) logistic models were used for the odds ratio (OR) of exposure being above the threshold limit value (TLV) and (ii) linear models were used for exposure concentrations restricted to detected results to estimate percent increase in exposure level, i.e. relative index of exposure (RIE). Meta-analytic methods were used to combine results for each variable across agents. A total of 511,047 exposure measurements were modeled for logistic models and 299,791 for linear models. Higher exposures were measured during follow-up inspections than planned inspections [meta-OR = 1.61, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.44-1.81; meta-RIE = 1.06, 95% CI: 1.03-1.09]. Lower exposures were observed for measurements collected under state OSHA plans compared to measurements collected under federal OSHA (meta-OR = 0.82, 95% CI: 0.73-0.92; meta-RIE = 0.86, 95% CI: 0.81-0.91). A 'high' total historical amount of penalty relative to none was associated with higher exposures (meta-OR = 1.54, 95% CI: 1.40-1.71; meta-RIE = 1.18, 95% CI: 1.13-1.23). The relationships observed between exposure levels and ancillary variables across a vast majority of agents suggest that certain elements of OSHA

  15. New Standards for the Preparation of School Administrators: What Conceptualization of Educational Planning Do They Portray?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beach, Robert H.; Lindahl, Ronald A.

    2000-01-01

    Describes school administrator preparation standards, especially those related to planning, developed by the Interstate School Leadership Licensure Consortium, a joint effort of the Council of Chief State School Officers and the National Policy Board for Educational Administration. Includes overview of planning models and analysis of knowledge…

  16. 5 CFR 900.603 - Standards for a merit system of personnel administration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... Personnel Administration § 900.603 Standards for a merit system of personnel administration. The quality of... such merit principles as— (a) Recruiting, selecting, and advancing employees on the basis of their... high quality performance. (d) Retaining employees on the basis of the adequacy of their performance...

  17. 5 CFR 900.603 - Standards for a merit system of personnel administration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Personnel Administration § 900.603 Standards for a merit system of personnel administration. The quality of... such merit principles as— (a) Recruiting, selecting, and advancing employees on the basis of their... high quality performance. (d) Retaining employees on the basis of the adequacy of their performance...

  18. Implementation Issues of a Standards-Based Teacher Evaluation System: Perceptions of Campus Administrators

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nixon, Lisa

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this mixed methods study was to determine the key implementation issues of a standards-based teacher evaluation system as perceived by campus administrators. The 80 campus administrators that participated in this study were from six public school districts located in southeastern Texas that serve students in grades Kindergarten…

  19. National Board Certification: Setting High Standards for Teaching, Learning, and Schools--An Administrator's Perspective.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shakowski, Nancy J.

    1999-01-01

    Presents one administrator's perspective on the importance of the National Board for Professional Teaching Standards (NBPTS), describing the history of NBPTS certification in Colorado, discussing her experiences as a school administrator supporting teachers through NBPTS certification, examining the NBPTS's five core propositions, describing the…

  20. New evidence on the health hazards and control of metalworking fluids since completion of the OSHA advisory committee report.

    PubMed

    Mirer, Franklin E

    2010-08-01

    Metalworking fluids (MWF) are used in the manufacture of engines, transmissions, chassis parts and other products. In 2003, OSHA denied a union petition to promulgate a standard for MWF. The 3rd Circuit Court of Appeals rejected a union lawsuit to compel OSHA to regulate MWF. OSHA relied exclusively on the 1999 Metal Working Fluids Standards Advisory Committee report, therefore, only evidence available before 1999 was quoted supporting the denial. This review was conducted to identify studies published since 1998. Electronic reference sources were queried for the terms for metalworking fluids, machining fluids, cutting fluids, cutting oils, coolants, machining, and machinist. All items returned were reviewed for relevance to MWF regulation. The review noted 227 reports in the peer reviewed literature directly relevant to regulation of MWF exposures. Of these, 26 addressed cancer; 58 respiratory effects; 32 skin effects or absorption; 45 microbial contaminants; and 76 exposure measurements and controls. Three major studies identified excess cancer including lung, liver, pancreatic, laryngeal, and leukemia associated with MWF exposures. Reports strengthened associations of asthma and hypersensitivity pneumonitis with recent exposure to MWF. Material new evidence demonstrates significant risks to material impairment of health at prevailing exposure levels and feasibility of lower exposure limits. Copyright 2010 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

  1. Administrative goals and safety standards for hazard control on forested recreation sites

    Treesearch

    Lee A. Paine

    1973-01-01

    For efficient control of tree hazard on recreation sites, a specific administrative goal must be selected. A safety standard designed to achieve the selected goal and a uniform hazard-rating procedure will then promote a consistent level of safety at an acceptable cost. Safety standards can be established with the aid of data for past years, and dollar evaluations are...

  2. Standardized Entrance Assessment in Kindergarten: A Qualitative Analysis of the Experiences of Teachers, Administrators, and Parents.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dever, Martha T.; Barta, James J.

    2001-01-01

    This qualitative study examined experiences of teachers, parents, and administrators related to standardized kindergarten entrance assessment to identify strengths and weaknesses of standardized testing in kindergarten. Strengths emerging from the data included consistency of information with core curriculum, and the time and opportunity to begin…

  3. [Standard prescriptions for the formulation of medicinal preparations in pharmacies. I. Suspensions for dermal administration].

    PubMed

    Subert, J; Kolár, J; Vasková, V

    2008-04-01

    The paper summarizes the present state of standard prescriptions for the formulation of suspensions for dermal administration in the Czech Republic and compares it with the NRF (Neues Rezeptur-Formularium in Deuscher Arzneimittel-Codex) standard prescriptions. The analysis of medical prescriptions for suspensions for dermal administration dispensed in the pharmacies of the Czech Republic has revealed that 18.8 % of the prescriptions were for 50% suspension of zinc(II) oxide in sunflower oil. This preparation should therefore become a candidate for standardization as a monograph in the national part of the Czech Pharmacopoeia.

  4. 76 FR 33589 - Standards Improvement Project-Phase III

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-08

    ...Phase III of the Standards Improvement Project (SIP-III) is the third in a series of rulemaking actions to improve and streamline OSHA standards. The Standards Improvement Project removes or revises individual requirements within rules that are confusing, outdated, duplicative, or inconsistent. OSHA identified several requirements for SIP-III (e.g., rigging, NIOSH records, and training......

  5. Occupational chemical exposures: a collaboration between the Georgia Poison Center and the Occupational Safety and Health Administration.

    PubMed

    Tustin, Aaron W; Jones, Alison; Lopez, Gaylord P; Ketcham, Glenn R; Hodgson, Michael J

    2017-06-26

    In the United States, regional poison centers frequently receive calls about toxic workplace exposures. Most poison centers do not share call details routinely with governmental regulatory agencies. Worker health and safety could be enhanced if regulators such as the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) had the ability to investigate these events and prevent similar incidents. With this goal in mind, the Georgia Poison Center (GPC) began referring occupational exposures to OSHA in July 2014. GPC began collecting additional employer details when handling occupational exposure calls. When workers granted permission, GPC forwarded call details to the OSHA Regional Office in Atlanta. These referrals enabled OSHA to initiate several investigations. We also analyzed all occupational exposures reported to GPC during the study period to characterize the events, detect violations of OSHA reporting requirements, and identify hazardous scenarios that could form the basis for future OSHA rulemaking or guidance. GPC was informed about 953 occupational exposures between 1 July, 2014 and 7 January, 2016. Workers were exposed to 217 unique substances, and 70.3% of victims received treatment in a healthcare facility. Hydrogen sulfide was responsible for the largest number of severe clinical effects. GPC obtained permission to refer 89 (9.3%) calls to OSHA. As a result of these referrals, OSHA conducted 39 investigations and cited 15 employers for "serious" violations. OSHA forwarded several other referrals to other regulatory agencies when OSHA did not have jurisdiction. At least one employer failed to comply with OSHA's new rule that mandates reporting of all work-related hospitalizations. This collaboration increased OSHA's awareness of dangerous job tasks including hydrofluoric acid exposure among auto detailers and carbon monoxide poisoning with indoor use of gasoline-powered tools. Collaboration with the GPC generated a useful source of referrals to OSHA. OSHA

  6. Cardiac arrest risk standardization using administrative data compared to registry data

    PubMed Central

    Gaieski, David F.; Donnino, Michael W.; Nelson, Joshua I. M.; Mutter, Eric L.; Carr, Brendan G.; Abella, Benjamin S.; Wiebe, Douglas J.

    2017-01-01

    Background Methods for comparing hospitals regarding cardiac arrest (CA) outcomes, vital for improving resuscitation performance, rely on data collected by cardiac arrest registries. However, most CA patients are treated at hospitals that do not participate in such registries. This study aimed to determine whether CA risk standardization modeling based on administrative data could perform as well as that based on registry data. Methods and results Two risk standardization logistic regression models were developed using 2453 patients treated from 2000–2015 at three hospitals in an academic health system. Registry and administrative data were accessed for all patients. The outcome was death at hospital discharge. The registry model was considered the “gold standard” with which to compare the administrative model, using metrics including comparing areas under the curve, calibration curves, and Bland-Altman plots. The administrative risk standardization model had a c-statistic of 0.891 (95% CI: 0.876–0.905) compared to a registry c-statistic of 0.907 (95% CI: 0.895–0.919). When limited to only non-modifiable factors, the administrative model had a c-statistic of 0.818 (95% CI: 0.799–0.838) compared to a registry c-statistic of 0.810 (95% CI: 0.788–0.831). All models were well-calibrated. There was no significant difference between c-statistics of the models, providing evidence that valid risk standardization can be performed using administrative data. Conclusions Risk standardization using administrative data performs comparably to standardization using registry data. This methodology represents a new tool that can enable opportunities to compare hospital performance in specific hospital systems or across the entire US in terms of survival after CA. PMID:28783754

  7. DOE interpretations Guide to OSH standards. Update to the Guide

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1994-03-31

    Reflecting Secretary O`Leary`s focus on occupational safety and health, the Office of Occupational Safety is pleased to provide you with the latest update to the DOE Interpretations Guide to OSH Standards. This Guide was developed in cooperation with the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, which continued it`s support during this last revision by facilitating access to the interpretations found on the OSHA Computerized Information System (OCIS). This March 31, 1994 update contains 123 formal in letter written by OSHA. As a result of the unique requests received by the 1-800 Response Line, this update also contains 38 interpretations developed by DOE. This new occupational safety and health information adds still more important guidance to the four volume reference set that you presently have in your possession.

  8. DOE interpretations Guide to OSH standards. Update to the Guide

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1994-03-31

    Reflecting Secretary O`Leary`s focus on occupational safety and health, the Office of Occupational Safety is pleased to provide you with the latest update to the DOE Interpretations Guide to OSH Standards. This Guide was developed in cooperation with the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, which continued its support during this last revision by facilitating access to the interpretations found on the OSHA Computerized Information System (OCIS). This March 31, 1994 update contains 123 formal interpretation letters written by OSHA. As a result of the unique requests received by the 1-800 Response Line, this update also contains 38 interpretations developed by DOE. This new occupational safety and health information adds still more important guidance to the four volume reference set that you presently have in your possession.

  9. DOE interpretations Guide to OSH standards. Update to the Guide

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1994-03-31

    Reflecting Secretary O`Leary`s focus on occupational safety and health, the Office of Occupational Safety is pleased to provide you with the latest update to the DOE Interpretations Guide to OSH Standards. This Guide was developed in cooperation with the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, which continued its support during this last revision by facilitating access to the interpretations found on the OSHA Computerized Information System (OCIS). This March 31, 1994 update contains 123 formal interpretation letters written OSHA. As a result of the unique requests received by the 1-800 Response Line, this update also contains 38 interpretations developed by DOE. This new occupational safety and health information adds still more important guidance to the four volume reference set that you presently have in your possession.

  10. A review of OSHA PSM citations relating to mechanical integrity of process piping

    SciTech Connect

    Casada, M.L.; Remson, A.C.; Yerger, C.M.

    1996-07-01

    OSHA`s process safety management (PSM) regulation has been in effect for more than three years. The regulation poses challenges for facilities in documenting the integrity of process piping systems. This paper summarizes the results of a project sponsored by the Materials Technology Institute (MTI) to compile PSM enforcement information relating to mechanical integrity W and process safety information (PSI) relating to equipment. This paper provides an analysis of how OSHA is citing violations of the PSM regulation as it relates to process piping. This information should be helpful to engineers and maintenance personnel who need guidance on how to ``OSHA-proof`` their mechanical integrity compliance for process piping systems.

  11. Guidelines for the Administration and Accreditation of the Standardized Craft Training Process. Sixth Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Center for Construction Education and Research, Gainesville, FL.

    This document contains guidelines for the administration and accreditation of the standardized craft training process that was developed by the National Center for Construction Education and Research (NCCER) in partnership with various sectors of the construction and maintenance industries. The following are among the topics discussed in Chapters…

  12. Virginia "Standards of Learning" Assessments. Technical Report: 2003-2004 Administration

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Virginia Department of Education, 2005

    2005-01-01

    The purpose of this report is to inform users and other interested parties about the development, content and technical characteristics of the Virginia Standards of Learning (SOL) assessments. It provides information for the 2003 "SOL" cycle that comprises the fall 2003 and spring 2004 administrations. The report is divided into three…

  13. National Standards for Family and Consumer Sciences Education: Perceptions of Parents, Professionals, and Vocational Administrators.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Bettye P.; Hall, Helen C.; Jones, Karen H.

    2001-01-01

    Responses from 71 parents, 147 education professionals, and 199 vocational administrators found general support for teaching the National Standards for Family and Consumer Sciences. More people thought content areas should be taught than believed they were being taught. (Includes commentary by Rosa S. Purcell.) (SK)

  14. National Standards for Family and Consumer Sciences Education: Perceptions of Parents, Professionals, and Vocational Administrators.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Bettye P.; Hall, Helen C.; Jones, Karen H.

    2001-01-01

    Responses from 71 parents, 147 education professionals, and 199 vocational administrators found general support for teaching the National Standards for Family and Consumer Sciences. More people thought content areas should be taught than believed they were being taught. (Includes commentary by Rosa S. Purcell.) (SK)

  15. 42 CFR 403.812 - HIPAA privacy, security, administrative data standards, and national identifiers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false HIPAA privacy, security, administrative data standards, and national identifiers. 403.812 Section 403.812 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL PROVISIONS SPECIAL PROGRAMS AND PROJECTS...

  16. Teachers' and School Administrators' Perspectives and Use of Standardized Achievement Tests: A Review of Published Research.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Etsey, Y. Kafui

    Stakeholders and practitioners are concerned about the extent to which standardized achievement tests are meeting the general and specific purposes they were designed to achieve. Several empirical studies have been conducted to this end. This study reviews this research to determine current trends in teachers' and school administrators'…

  17. A Comparison of Special Education Administrators' and Teachers' Knowledge and Application of Ethics and Professional Standards

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fiedler, Craig R.; Van Haren, Barbara

    2009-01-01

    The field of special education is wrought with ethical dilemmas. The Council for Exceptional Children has outlined its code of ethics and standards for professional practice for individuals working in the field of special education. The purpose of this study was to determine the extent to which special education administrators and teachers possess…

  18. Review of the OSHA framework for oversight of occupational environments.

    PubMed

    Choi, Jae-Young; Ramachandran, Gurumurthy

    2009-01-01

    The OSHA system for oversight of chemicals in the workplace was evaluated to derive lessons for oversight of nanotechnology. Criteria relating to the development, attributes, evolution, and outcomes of the system were used for evaluation that was based upon quantitative expert elicitation and historical literature analysis. The oversight system had inadequate resources in terms of finances, expertise, and personnel, and insufficient incentive for compliance. The system showed a lack of flexibility in novel situations. There were minimal requirements on companies for data on health and safety of their products. These factors have a strong influence on public confidence and health and safety. The oversight system also scored low on attributes such as public input, transparency, empirical basis, conflict of interest, and informed consent. The experts in our sample tend to believe that the current oversight system for chemicals in the workplace is neither adequate nor effective. It is very likely that the performance of the OSHA oversight system for nanomaterials will be equally inadequate.

  19. Optimizing the electronic health record to standardize administration and documentation of nutritional supplements

    PubMed Central

    Citty, Sandra W.; Kamel, Amir; Garvan, Cynthia; Marlowe, Lee; Westhoff, Lynn

    2017-01-01

    Malnutrition in hospitalized patients is a major cause for hospital re-admission, pressure ulcers and increased hospital costs. Methods to improve the administration and documentation of nutritional supplements for hospitalized patients are needed to improve patient care, outcomes and resource utilization. Staff at a medium-sized academic health science center hospital in the southeastern United States noted that nutritional supplements ordered for patients at high risk for malnutrition were not offered or administered to patients in a standardized manner and/or not documented clearly in the electronic health record as per prescription. This paper reports on a process improvement project that redesigned the ordering, administration and documentation process of oral nutritional supplements in the electronic health record. By adding nutritional products to the medication order sets and adding an electronic nutrition administration record (ENAR) tab, the multidisciplinary team sought to standardize nutritional supplement ordering, documentation and administration at prescribed intervals. This process improvement project used a triangulated approach to evaluating pre- and post-process change including: medical record reviews, patient interviews, and nutrition formula room log reports. Staff education and training was carried out prior to initiation of the system changes. This process change resulted in an average decrease in the return of unused nutritional formula from 76% returned at baseline to 54% post-process change. The process change resulted in 100% of nutritional supplement orders having documentation about nutritional medication administration and/or reason for non-administration. Documentation in the ENAR showed that 41% of ONS orders were given and 59% were not given. Significantly more patients reported being offered the ONS product (p=0.0001) after process redesign and more patients (5% before ENAR and 86% after ENAR reported being offered the correct

  20. Optimizing the electronic health record to standardize administration and documentation of nutritional supplements.

    PubMed

    Citty, Sandra W; Kamel, Amir; Garvan, Cynthia; Marlowe, Lee; Westhoff, Lynn

    2017-01-01

    Malnutrition in hospitalized patients is a major cause for hospital re-admission, pressure ulcers and increased hospital costs. Methods to improve the administration and documentation of nutritional supplements for hospitalized patients are needed to improve patient care, outcomes and resource utilization. Staff at a medium-sized academic health science center hospital in the southeastern United States noted that nutritional supplements ordered for patients at high risk for malnutrition were not offered or administered to patients in a standardized manner and/or not documented clearly in the electronic health record as per prescription. This paper reports on a process improvement project that redesigned the ordering, administration and documentation process of oral nutritional supplements in the electronic health record. By adding nutritional products to the medication order sets and adding an electronic nutrition administration record (ENAR) tab, the multidisciplinary team sought to standardize nutritional supplement ordering, documentation and administration at prescribed intervals. This process improvement project used a triangulated approach to evaluating pre- and post-process change including: medical record reviews, patient interviews, and nutrition formula room log reports. Staff education and training was carried out prior to initiation of the system changes. This process change resulted in an average decrease in the return of unused nutritional formula from 76% returned at baseline to 54% post-process change. The process change resulted in 100% of nutritional supplement orders having documentation about nutritional medication administration and/or reason for non-administration. Documentation in the ENAR showed that 41% of ONS orders were given and 59% were not given. Significantly more patients reported being offered the ONS product (p=0.0001) after process redesign and more patients (5% before ENAR and 86% after ENAR reported being offered the correct

  1. Development of a standardized knowledge base to generate individualized medication plans automatically with drug administration recommendations

    PubMed Central

    Send, Alexander F J; Al-Ayyash, Adel; Schecher, Sabrina; Rudofsky, Gottfried; Klein, Ulrike; Schaier, Matthias; Pruszydlo, Markus G; Witticke, Diana; Lohmann, Kristina; Kaltschmidt, Jens; Haefeli, Walter E; Seidling, Hanna M

    2013-01-01

    Aims We aimed to develop a generic knowledge base with drug administration recommendations which allows the generation of a dynamic and comprehensive medication plan and to evaluate its comprehensibility and potential benefit in a qualitative pilot study with patients and physicians. Methods Based on a literature search and previously published medication plans, a prototype was developed and iteratively refined through qualitative evaluation (interviews with patients and focus group discussions with physicians). To develop the recommendations for safe administration of specific drugs we screened the summary of product characteristics (SmPC) of different exemplary brands, allocated the generated advice to groups with brands potentially requiring the same advice, and reviewed these allocations regarding applicability and appropriateness of the recommendations. Results For the recommendations, 411 SmPCs of 140 different active ingredients including all available galenic formulations, routes of administrations except infusions, and administration devices were screened. Finally, 515 distinct administration recommendations were included in the database. In 926 different generic groups, 29 879 allocations of brands to general advice, food advice, indications, step-by-step instructions, or combinations thereof were made. Thereby, 27 216 of the preselected allocations (91.1%) were confirmed as appropriate. In total, one third of the German drug market was labelled with information. Conclusions Generic grouping of brands according to their active ingredient and other drug characteristics and allocation of standardized administration recommendations is feasible for a large drug market and can be integrated in a medication plan. PMID:24007451

  2. 78 FR 70324 - Thy Hydrostatic Testing Provision of the Portable Fire Extinguishers Standard; Extension of the...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-25

    ... Occupational Safety and Health Administration Thy Hydrostatic Testing Provision of the Portable Fire... Collection (Paperwork) Requirements AGENCY: Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), Labor... Safety and Health Administration, Room N-2625, 200 Constitution Avenue NW., Washington, DC 20210...

  3. A comparison of the requirements of the OSHA 29 CFR 1910.119 regulation and API RP 75

    SciTech Connect

    Tibbetts, O.D.

    1995-12-31

    The OSHA Process Safety Management (PSM) Regulation, 29 CFR 1910.119, went into effect on May 26, 1992. API RP 75, Recommended Practices for Development of a Safety and Environmental Management Program for Outer Continental Shelf Operations and Facilities, was published on May 15, 1993. The OSHA regulation applies to all normally manned facilities, onshore and in state waters, that possess the threshold quantities of highly hazardous chemicals. The regulation identifies the specific ``highly hazardous chemicals`` and states the threshold quantities of each. Meanwhile, API RP 75 applies to all operations and facilities on the Outer Continental Shelf. While the implementation of the practices contained in the RP is voluntary, the MMS has urged operators to comply rather than face the alternative of further governmental regulations. It is possible that some operators do not fully understand the scope of the PSM regulation or RP 75. In addition, they may not realize their exposure as far as these standards are concerned. This paper compares the two standards and attempts to show the obligation and exposure which the regulation and the RP create. It also indicates the benefits which the operator can derive from adopting the practices required by these standards.

  4. 29 CFR 1926.4 - Rules of practice for administrative adjudications for enforcement of safety and health standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... enforcement of safety and health standards. 1926.4 Section 1926.4 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR (CONTINUED) SAFETY AND HEALTH... enforcement of safety and health standards. (a) The rules of practice for administrative adjudications for the...

  5. 29 CFR 1926.4 - Rules of practice for administrative adjudications for enforcement of safety and health standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... enforcement of safety and health standards. 1926.4 Section 1926.4 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR (CONTINUED) SAFETY AND HEALTH... enforcement of safety and health standards. (a) The rules of practice for administrative adjudications for the...

  6. 29 CFR 1926.4 - Rules of practice for administrative adjudications for enforcement of safety and health standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... enforcement of safety and health standards. 1926.4 Section 1926.4 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR (CONTINUED) SAFETY AND HEALTH... enforcement of safety and health standards. (a) The rules of practice for administrative adjudications for the...

  7. 29 CFR 1926.4 - Rules of practice for administrative adjudications for enforcement of safety and health standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... enforcement of safety and health standards. 1926.4 Section 1926.4 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR (CONTINUED) SAFETY AND HEALTH... enforcement of safety and health standards. (a) The rules of practice for administrative adjudications for the...

  8. 78 FR 36711 - Food and Drug Administration Safety and Innovation Act Title VII-Drug Supply Chain; Standards for...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-19

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration 21 CFR Chapter I Food and Drug Administration Safety and Innovation Act Title VII--Drug Supply Chain; Standards for Admission of Imported Drugs, Registration of...: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION: Notification of public meeting; request for...

  9. 29 CFR 1904.39 - Reporting fatalities and multiple hospitalization incidents to OSHA.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... to report a fatality caused by a heart attack at work? Yes, your local OSHA Area Office director will decide whether to investigate the incident, depending on the circumstances of the heart attack. (6) Do...

  10. Changes in immunological characteristics of white blood cells after administration of standardized mistletoe extract.

    PubMed

    Klopp, R; Schmidt, W; Niemer, W; Werner, M; Beuth, J

    2001-01-01

    After administering standardized mistletoe extract, Viscum album L, (Iscador injections of 0.1 mg twice and 1.0 mg in defined intervals) the functional characteristics of microcirculation and immunological behavior of the white blood cells in different target tissues (derma, intestine) were investigated in healthy volunteers by vital microscopic investigation over 13 days of observation. The investigations showed a temporarily improved function of the microcirculation and an increased adhesion and transmigration of white blood cells in the target tissue areas. This observation was evaluated as a biologically relevant immunomodulation. Further investigations under pathophysiological conditions with regard to complementary administration of the test substance (e.g. to cancer patients) appear promising.

  11. Oswer integrated health and safety standard operating practices. Directive

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1993-02-01

    The directive implements the OSWER (Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response) Integrated Health and Safety Standards Operating Practices in conjunction with the OSHA (Occupational Safety and Health Act) Worker Protection Standards, replacing the OSWER Integrated Health and Safety Policy.

  12. 77 FR 22949 - Administrative Simplification: Adoption of a Standard for a Unique Health Plan Identifier...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-17

    ...This proposed rule would implement section 1104 of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (hereinafter referred to as the Affordable Care Act) by establishing new requirements for administrative transactions that would improve the utility of the existing Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA) transactions and reduce administrative burden and costs. It proposes the adoption of the standard for a national unique health plan identifier (HPID) and requirements or provisions for the implementation of the HPID. This rule also proposes the adoption of a data element that will serve as an other entity identifier (OEID), an identifier for entities that are not health plans, health care providers, or ``individuals,'' that need to be identified in standard transactions. This proposed rule would also specify the circumstances under which an organization covered health care provider must require certain noncovered individual health care providers who are prescribers to obtain and disclose an NPI. Finally, this rule proposes to change the compliance date for the International Classification of Diseases, 10th Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-10-CM) for diagnosis coding, including the Official ICD-10-CM Guidelines for Coding and Reporting, and the International Classification of Diseases, 10th Revision, Procedure Coding System (ICD-10-PCS) for inpatient hospital procedure coding, including the Official ICD-10-PCS Guidelines for Coding and Reporting, from October 1, 2013 to October 1, 2014.

  13. Perfluoroctylbromide. Acute hemodynamic effects, in pigs, of intravenous administration compared with the standard ionic contrast media.

    PubMed

    Peck, W W; Mattrey, R F; Slutsky, R A; Higgins, C B

    1984-01-01

    Perfluoroctylbromide (PFOB) is a relatively new noniodinated contrast media that, after intravenous administration, produces prolonged opacification of the blood pool and subsequently selectively enhances the liver and spleen on computed tomography. There has been concern regarding the hemodynamic effect of this agent but little actual knowledge exists in this regard. Accordingly, the acute transient hemodynamic effects of PFOB emulsion were evaluated in five pigs and compared with the standard ionic contrast agent meglumine sodium diatrizoate (Renografin-76). Left ventricular (LV) pressure, internal diameter, and wall thickness were monitored during the alternate intravenous administration of 930 mg/ml PFOB and 370 mg/ml R-76 at a rate of 20 mls/second for a total volume of 1 ml/kg body weight. Renografin-76 caused a significant decrease in LV pressure and dp/dt (rate of change of LV pressure), and an increase in LV end-systolic diameter and a decrease in LV end-diastolic wall thickness. PFOB caused no change in LV pressure and dimensions. Thus, rapid intravenous administration of PFOB does not induce significant acute alterations in left ventricular pressure, dp/dt, dimension, or wall thickness.

  14. Occupational amputations in Illinois 2000-2007: BLS vs. data linkage of trauma registry, hospital discharge, workers compensation databases and OSHA citations.

    PubMed

    Friedman, Lee; Krupczak, Colin; Brandt-Rauf, Sherry; Forst, Linda

    2013-05-01

    Workplace amputation is a widespread, disabling, costly, and preventable public health problem. Thousands of occupational amputations occur each year, clustering in particular economic sectors, workplaces, and demographic groups such as young workers, Hispanics, and immigrants. To identify and describe work related amputations amongst Illinois residents that occur within Illinois as reported in three legally mandated State databases; to compare these cases with those identified through the BLS-Survey of Occupational Illnesses and Injuries (SOII); and to determine the extent of direct intervention by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) for these injuries in the State. We linked cases across three databases in Illinois - trauma registry, hospital discharge, and workers compensation claims. We describe amputation injuries in Illinois between 2000 and 2007, compare them to the BLS-SOII, and determine OSHA investigations of the companies where amputations occurred. There were 3984 amputations identified, 80% fingertips, in the Illinois databases compared to an estimated 3637, 94% fingertips, from BLS-SOII. Though the overall agreement is close, there were wide fluctuations (over- and under-estimations) in individual years between counts in the linked dataset and federal survey estimates. No OSHA inspections occurred for these injuries. Increased detection of workplace amputations is essential to targeting interventions and to evaluating program effectiveness. There should be mandatory reporting of all amputation injuries by employers and insurance companies within 24h of the event, and every injury should be investigated by OSHA. Health care providers should recognise amputation as a public health emergency and should be compelled to report. There should be a more comprehensive occupational injury surveillance system in the US that enhances the BLS-SOII through linkage with state databases. Addition of industry, occupation, and work

  15. Instructional materials for SARA/OSHA training. Volume 1, General site working training

    SciTech Connect

    Copenhaver, E.D.; White, D.A.; Wells, S.M.

    1988-04-01

    This proposed 24 hour ORNL SARA/OSHA training curriculum emphasizes health and safety concerns in hazardous waste operations as well as methods of worker protection. Consistent with guidelines for hazardous waste site activities developed jointly by National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Occupational Safety and Health Administration, US Coast Guard, and the Envirorunental Protection Agency, the program material will address Basic Training for General Site Workers to include: ORNL Site Safety Documentation, Safe Work Practices, Nature of Anticipated Hazards, Handling Emergencies and Self-Rescue, Employee Rights and Responsibilities, Demonstration of Use, Care, and Limitations of Personal Protective, Clothing and Equipment, and Demonstration of Monitoring Equipment and Sampling Techniques. The basic training courses includes major fundamentals of industrial hygiene presented to the workers in a format that encourages them to assume responsibility for their own safety and health protection. Basic course development has focused on the special needs of ORNL facilities. Because ORNL generates chemical wastes, radioactive wastes, and mixed wastes, we have added significant modules on radiation protection in general, as well as modules on radiation toxicology and on radiation protective clothing and equipment.

  16. Comparison study of judged clinical skills competence from standard setting ratings generated under different administration conditions.

    PubMed

    Roberts, William L; Boulet, John; Sandella, Jeanne

    2017-02-21

    When the safety of the public is at stake, it is particularly relevant for licensing and credentialing exam agencies to use defensible standard setting methods to categorize candidates into competence categories (e.g., pass/fail). The aim of this study was to gather evidence to support change to the Comprehensive Osteopathic Medical Licensing-USA Level 2-Performance Evaluation standard setting design and administrative process. Twenty-two video recordings of candidates assessed for clinical competence were randomly selected from the 2014-2015 Humanistic domain test score distribution ranging from the highest to lowest quintile of performance. Nineteen panelists convened at the same site to receive training and practice prior to generating judgments of qualified or not qualified performance to each of the twenty videos. At the end of training, one panel remained onsite to complete their judgments and the second panel was released and given 1 week to observe the same twenty videos and complete their judgments offsite. The two one-sided test procedure established equivalence between panel group means at the 0.05 confidence level, controlling for rater errors within each panel group. From a practical cost-effective and administrative resource perspective, results from this study suggest it is possible to diverge from typical panel groups, who are sequestered the entire time onsite, to larger numbers of panelists who can make their judgments offsite with little impact on judged samples of qualified performance. Standard setting designs having panelists train together and then allowing those to provide judgments yields equivalent ratings and, ultimately, similar cut scores.

  17. Minimum Standards for Police Services. A Report of the Police Standards Committee to the Governor's Commission on Law Enforcement and the Administration of Justice.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Governor's Commission on Law Enforcement and the Administration of Justice, Cockeysville, MD.

    The publication enumerates the minimum standards for police services in Maryland which were developed by the Police Standards Committee of the Maryland Governor's Commission on Law Enforcement and the Administration of Justice. They are the result of intensive study after a series of public hearings held throughout the State at which testimony was…

  18. 25 CFR 10.5 - Where can I find the policies and standards for the administration, operation, services, and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... administration, operation, services, and physical plant/construction of Indian country detention, community... Indian country detention, community residential, and holding facilities? The Bureau of Indian Affairs... the BIA's policies, procedures, and standards for detention and holding programs in Indian...

  19. 25 CFR 10.5 - Where can I find the policies and standards for the administration, operation, services, and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... administration, operation, services, and physical plant/construction of Indian country detention, community... Indian country detention, community residential, and holding facilities? The Bureau of Indian Affairs... the BIA's policies, procedures, and standards for detention and holding programs in Indian...

  20. 25 CFR 10.5 - Where can I find the policies and standards for the administration, operation, services, and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... administration, operation, services, and physical plant/construction of Indian country detention, community... Indian country detention, community residential, and holding facilities? The Bureau of Indian Affairs... the BIA's policies, procedures, and standards for detention and holding programs in Indian...

  1. 25 CFR 10.5 - Where can I find the policies and standards for the administration, operation, services, and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... administration, operation, services, and physical plant/construction of Indian country detention, community... Indian country detention, community residential, and holding facilities? The Bureau of Indian Affairs... the BIA's policies, procedures, and standards for detention and holding programs in Indian...

  2. 25 CFR 10.5 - Where can I find the policies and standards for the administration, operation, services, and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... administration, operation, services, and physical plant/construction of Indian country detention, community... Indian country detention, community residential, and holding facilities? The Bureau of Indian Affairs... the BIA's policies, procedures, and standards for detention and holding programs in Indian...

  3. Disciplining Leaders: A Critical Discourse Analysis of the ISLLC National Examination and Performance Standards in Educational Administration.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anderson, Gary L.

    2001-01-01

    Norman Fairclough's discourse analysis, a textual analysis technique, is employed to evaluate a set of national standards for certifying or licensing educational administrators developed by the Interstate School Leaders Licensure Consortium (ISLLC). (PKP)

  4. Using OSHA`s requirement for the revalidation of PHA`s to comply with EPA`s proposed risk management rule

    SciTech Connect

    Him, M.S.; Mannan, M.

    1996-11-01

    OSHA`s Process Safety Management rule not only requires the performance of process hazards analyses (PHA`s) of covered areas, but the revalidation of these PHA`s every 5 years. With the May 26, 1997 deadline for the completion of initial PHA`s nearing and the pending approval on or before March 1996 of EPA`s Risk Management Programs (RMP) for Chemical Accidental Release Prevention ({section}40 CFR 68), PSM-covered facilities must start developing plans for compliance with one or more of the requirements of these regulations. This paper discusses some of the strategies that companies falling under Tier 3 of EPA`s RMP rule may use to comply with OSHA`s revalidation of PHA`s and the upcoming EPA rule. The paper also provides details on the use of other PSM elements for PHA revalidation (such as compliance audits and management of change), the development of schedules for PHA revalidation, preparation time, the revalidation process, and the documentation/identification of RMP hazard scenarios.

  5. Using OSHA`s requirement for the revalidation of PHA`STo comply with EPA`s proposed risk management rule

    SciTech Connect

    Him, M.S.; Mannan, M.

    1996-08-01

    OSHA`s Process Safety Management rule not only requires the performance of process hazards analyses (PHA`s) of covered areas, but the revalidation of these PHA`s every 5 years. With the May 26, 1997 deadline for the completion of initial PHA`s nearing and the pending approval on or before March 1996 of EPA`s Risk Management Programs (RMP) for Chemical Accidental Release Prevention ({section}40 CFR 68), PSM-covered facilities must start developing plans for compliance with one or more of the requirements of these regulations. This paper discusses some of the strategies that companies falling under Tier 3 of EPA`s RMP rule may use to comply with OSHA`s revalidation of PHA`s and the upcoming EPA rule. The paper also provides details on the use of other PSM elements for PHA revalidation (such as compliance audits and management of change), the development of schedules for PHA revalidation, preparation time, the revalidation process, and the documentation/identification of RMP hazard scenarios.

  6. An OSHA based approach to safety analysis for nonradiological hazardous materials

    SciTech Connect

    Yurconic, M.

    1992-08-01

    The PNL method for chemical hazard classification defines major hazards by means of a list of hazardous substances (or chemical groups) with associated trigger quantities. In addition, the functional characteristics of the facility being classified is also be factored into the classification. In this way, installations defined as major hazard will only be those which have the potential for causing very serious incidents both on and off site. Because of the diversity of operations involving chemicals, it may not be possible to restrict major hazard facilities to certain types of operations. However, this hazard classification method recognizes that in the industrial sector major hazards are most commonly associated with activities involving very large quantities of chemicals and inherently energetic processes. These include operations like petrochemical plants, chemical production, LPG storage, explosives manufacturing, and facilities which use chlorine, ammonia, or other highly toxic gases in bulk quantities. The basis for this methodology is derived from concepts used by OSHA in its proposed chemical process safety standard, the Dow Fire and Explosion Index Hazard Classification Guide, and the International Labor Office's program on chemical safety. For the purpose of identifying major hazard facilities, this method uses two sorting criteria, (1) facility function and processes and (2) quantity of substances to identify facilities requiringclassification. Then, a measure of chemical energy potential (material factor) is used to identify high hazard class facilities.

  7. An OSHA based approach to safety analysis for nonradiological hazardous materials

    SciTech Connect

    Yurconic, M.

    1992-08-01

    The PNL method for chemical hazard classification defines major hazards by means of a list of hazardous substances (or chemical groups) with associated trigger quantities. In addition, the functional characteristics of the facility being classified is also be factored into the classification. In this way, installations defined as major hazard will only be those which have the potential for causing very serious incidents both on and off site. Because of the diversity of operations involving chemicals, it may not be possible to restrict major hazard facilities to certain types of operations. However, this hazard classification method recognizes that in the industrial sector major hazards are most commonly associated with activities involving very large quantities of chemicals and inherently energetic processes. These include operations like petrochemical plants, chemical production, LPG storage, explosives manufacturing, and facilities which use chlorine, ammonia, or other highly toxic gases in bulk quantities. The basis for this methodology is derived from concepts used by OSHA in its proposed chemical process safety standard, the Dow Fire and Explosion Index Hazard Classification Guide, and the International Labor Office`s program on chemical safety. For the purpose of identifying major hazard facilities, this method uses two sorting criteria, (1) facility function and processes and (2) quantity of substances to identify facilities requiringclassification. Then, a measure of chemical energy potential (material factor) is used to identify high hazard class facilities.

  8. Intravesical electromotive administration of oxybutynin in patients with detrusor hyperreflexia unresponsive to standard anticholinergic regimens.

    PubMed

    Di Stasi, S M; Giannantoni, A; Vespasiani, G; Navarra, P; Capelli, G; Massoud, R; Stephen, R L

    2001-02-01

    About 15% to 20% of patients with detrusor hyperreflexia do not benefit from oral oxybutynin regimens, frequently because of unpleasant side effects. Several reports indicate that intravesical oxybutynin is effective in many of these patients but there are some who still fail to respond. A select group of 10 adults with detrusor hyperreflexia unresponsive to standard oral and intravesical oxybutynin regimens were treated at weekly intervals with 5 mg. oxybutynin orally, or 5 mg. oxybutynin in 100 ml. intravesically for 60 minutes of passive diffusion and for 30 minutes with 5 mA. electrical current. Each treatment (plus oral placebo and 2 intravesical controls) was associated with an 8-hour, full urodynamic monitoring session, and periodic blood and bladder content sampling. There was no significant objective improvement with oral or intravesical passive diffusion oxybutynin. Conversely there was significant improvement in 5 of 6 objective urodynamic measurements with intravesical electromotive oxybutynin. Plasma profiles were a single peak and decay following oral oxybutynin and 2 distinct peaks with intravesical passive diffusion and electromotive oxybutynin. Area under the curve for intravesical passive diffusion were 709 ng. per 8 hours versus oral 1,485 (p <0.05) versus intravesical electromotive 2,781 (p <0.001). Bladder content samples confirmed oxybutynin absorption. Oral oxybutynin caused anticholinergic side effects in 7 of 10 patients. There were no side effects with intravesical passive diffusion or electromotive administrations. Accelerated intravesical administration results in greater bioavailability and increased objective benefits without side effects in previously unresponsive patients compared with oral and intravesical passive diffusion oxybutynin administration.

  9. Score comparability of standard and nonstandard administrations of a state-mandated fifth grade science assessment

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Randall, Cheryl Ann

    This study investigated the score comparability of a state-mandated science achievement test across three groups of students: (a) general education students, (b) learning disabled students without a reading accommodation, and (c) learning disabled students with a reading accommodation. The main purpose of the study was to determine whether the meaning of the total score is changed when learning disabled students are offered a reading accommodation. Comparability of scores was addressed on three different levels: (a) comparability of reliabilities across groups, (b) comparability of individual item functioning across groups, and (c) comparable factor structure across groups. The results clearly showed comparable reliabilities, comparable individual item functioning, and invariant factor structure even at the highest levels of comparison across groups. The results add to a growing body of evidence that some accommodations may be made for students with disabilities without changing the construct being measured by an assessment. This would allow scores from those particular nonstandard test administrations to be aggregated with scores from a standard test administration.

  10. Standards-Based Accountability under No Child Left Behind: Experiences of Teachers and Administrators in Three States. MG-589-NSF

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hamilton, Laura S.; Stecher, Brian M.; Marsh, Julie A.; McCombs, Jennifer Sloan; Robyn, Abby; Russell, Jennifer; Naftel, Scott; Barney, Heather

    2007-01-01

    Since 2001-2002, standards-based accountability (SBA) provisions of the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB) have shaped the work of public school teachers and administrators in the United States. NCLB requires each state to develop content and achievement standards in several subjects, administer tests to measure students' progress toward…

  11. 20 CFR Appendix A to Part 718 - Standards for Administration and Interpretation of Chest Roentgenograms (X-Rays)

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... Interpretation of Chest Roentgenograms (X-Rays) A Appendix A to Part 718 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT STANDARDS... 718—Standards for Administration and Interpretation of Chest Roentgenograms (X-Rays) The following... procedures are used in administering and interpreting X-rays and that the best available medical evidence...

  12. Standards-Based Accountability under No Child Left Behind: Experiences of Teachers and Administrators in Three States. MG-589-NSF

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hamilton, Laura S.; Stecher, Brian M.; Marsh, Julie A.; McCombs, Jennifer Sloan; Robyn, Abby; Russell, Jennifer; Naftel, Scott; Barney, Heather

    2007-01-01

    Since 2001-2002, standards-based accountability (SBA) provisions of the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB) have shaped the work of public school teachers and administrators in the United States. NCLB requires each state to develop content and achievement standards in several subjects, administer tests to measure students' progress toward…

  13. 29 CFR 1960.17 - Alternate standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... include: (1) A statement of why the agency cannot comply with the OSHA standard or wants to adopt an... 29 Labor 9 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Alternate standards. 1960.17 Section 1960.17 Labor... MATTERS Standards § 1960.17 Alternate standards. An agency head may apply an alternate standard where...

  14. 29 CFR 1960.17 - Alternate standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... include: (1) A statement of why the agency cannot comply with the OSHA standard or wants to adopt an... 29 Labor 9 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Alternate standards. 1960.17 Section 1960.17 Labor... MATTERS Standards § 1960.17 Alternate standards. An agency head may apply an alternate standard where...

  15. 29 CFR 1960.17 - Alternate standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... include: (1) A statement of why the agency cannot comply with the OSHA standard or wants to adopt an... 29 Labor 9 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Alternate standards. 1960.17 Section 1960.17 Labor... MATTERS Standards § 1960.17 Alternate standards. An agency head may apply an alternate standard where...

  16. 29 CFR 1960.17 - Alternate standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... include: (1) A statement of why the agency cannot comply with the OSHA standard or wants to adopt an... 29 Labor 9 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Alternate standards. 1960.17 Section 1960.17 Labor... MATTERS Standards § 1960.17 Alternate standards. An agency head may apply an alternate standard where...

  17. 29 CFR 1960.17 - Alternate standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... include: (1) A statement of why the agency cannot comply with the OSHA standard or wants to adopt an... 29 Labor 9 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Alternate standards. 1960.17 Section 1960.17 Labor... MATTERS Standards § 1960.17 Alternate standards. An agency head may apply an alternate standard where...

  18. Impact of preparing for OSHA local emphasis program inspections of New York dairy farms: Case studies and financial cost analysis.

    PubMed

    Gadomski, Anne M; Vargha, Marybeth; Tallman, Nancy; Scribani, Melissa B; Kelsey, Timothy W

    2016-03-01

    OSHA inspection of dairy farms began in July 1, 2014 in New York State. As of September 2014, a total of eight farms were randomly selected for inspection. This case study addresses how dairy farm managers prepared for these inspections, and identifies farm level costs preparing for inspection and/or being inspected. Four farms that were OSHA inspected and 12 farms that were not inspected were included in this mixed method evaluation using a multimodal (telephone, email, or mail) survey. Descriptive analysis was carried out using frequencies, proportions, means, and medians. Overall, the impact of OSHA inspections was positive, leading to improved safety management and physical changes on the farm and worker trainings, although the farmers' perspectives about OSHA inspection were mixed. The cost of compliance was low relative to estimated overall production costs. Clarifications and engineering solutions for specific dairy farm hazard exposures are needed to facilitate compliance with OSHA regulations. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  19. OSHA and ADA: "Reasonable Accommodation" in Training Persons with Developmental Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sandoz, Charles J.

    This paper documents an approach to meeting the training requirements of the Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA) and the "reasonable accommodation" requirements of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) for individuals with developmental disabilities. It describes a training program used with three adult workers with mild mental…

  20. Analysis of Construction Fatalities - The OSHA Data Base 1985-1989

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-11-01

    This report presents the results of an analysis of the 3,496 construction fatalities investigated by the Occupational Safety and Health...accidents. Statistics from the OSHA data base are compared with construction fatality data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health and the National Safety Council.

  1. 29 CFR 1904.41 - Annual OSHA injury and illness survey of ten or more employers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... OSHA injury and illness records? Yes, even if you are exempt from keeping injury and illness records... information from you in the following year. If you receive such a letter, you must keep the injury and illness... who receive survey forms must respond to the survey, even those in State-Plan States. (5) Does...

  2. Lead standard recordkeeping: The tip of an iceberg

    SciTech Connect

    Vernon, L.S.

    1995-10-01

    OSHA`s Lead Exposure in Construction regulation, 29 CFR 1926.62, contains one paragraph strictly devoted to the requirements for recordkeeping in four areas. These four types of data concern only medical records and air lead concentration assessments. Thus, they represent a mere fraction of what an OSHA inspector would require to determine compliance with the lead standard. This month`s column describes these four classes of information and the minimum content of the records. Future columns will further detail the records employers should maintain at headquarters, local offices, and project field sites.

  3. Effects of Order for the Administration of Subtests on Standardized Reading Test Scores.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Paradis, Edward; Peterson, Joe

    This study, involving 131 students in grades ten, eleven, and twelve, investigated the effects of order of administration of subtests on scores from the Nelson-Denny Reading Test. Results indicated that order of administration had no significant effect on scores from the vocabulary subtest or on the total test score, but subjects taking the…

  4. Development of an ISO 9000 compatible occupational health standard: defining the issues.

    PubMed

    Dyjack, D T; Levine, S P

    1995-06-01

    Corporate ISO 9000 registration is gaining international acceptance as the hallmark of quality system achievement. The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) is currently drafting environmental standards that will complement ISO 9000. Should the international community also consider development of an ISO 9000-compatible occupational safety and health management standard (OSHMS)? To determine the advantages and disadvantages of this issue, the investigators conducted interviews with government and private sector experts, reviewed publicly accessible ISO documents, and evaluated published literature germane to the subject. Major advantages of an ISO OSHMS were the harmonization of national standards, maximizing Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) efficiency through third-party registration audits, and increased emphasis on employee-driven health and safety programs. Major disadvantages were the single vote of the American National Standards Institute at international proceedings, direct and indirect program development costs, potential unethical or incompetent conduct of registrars, and the logistics of developing an acceptable standard to all stakeholders. Some unresolved issues were the inevitability of an ISO OSHMS, auditor indemnification, and the scope of OSHA participation. Industrial health and safety professionals should initiate formal discussion on this issue to elaborate on findings presented here and to establish a consensus on future activities.

  5. 75 FR 64216 - Interpretation of OSHA's Provisions for Feasible Administrative or Engineering Controls of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-19

    ... personal protective equipment (PPE) to reduce noise exposures that are above acceptable levels when such... change and may be accessed online http://www.regulations.gov . Be careful about submitting personal... sound to within that level, and if such controls are ineffective, personal protective equipment must...

  6. Occupational health priorities for health standards: the current NIOSH approach.

    PubMed Central

    Perkins, J L; Rose, V E

    1979-01-01

    Government agencies responsible for protecting the public from the adverse effects of toxic chemicals must set priorities for research, regulatory action, protocol testing, and monitoring due to the vast number of toxic chemicals and the limited resources available to these agencies. The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) must set priorities for research on hazards encountered in the workplace. Priorities are also utilized by NIOSH in preparing criteria for recommended occupational standards which are forwarded to the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), U.S. Department of Labor, for possible promulgation. For various reasons, including rapidly changing conditions in the American workplace, NIOSH has instituted a revised priorities program. In the future, NIOSH research and recommended standards activities will focus not only on individual chemicals, but also on industries, occupations, chemical classes, and general industrial processes. NIOSH has also implemented a new program which will allow recommended control procedures for certain chemicals to be forwarded to OSHA in a shorter time period than has been experienced previously. PMID:434273

  7. Enforcing Job Safety; A Union View of OSHA

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wood, Michael

    1975-01-01

    A primary shortcoming of the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 is that it provides the employer with too many phases of postponement of responsibility. However, positive administrative action has included organized labor's entry into all levels of job safety and health activities. (MW)

  8. 77 FR 54663 - Administrative Simplification: Adoption of a Standard for a Unique Health Plan Identifier...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-05

    ...This final rule adopts the standard for a national unique health plan identifier (HPID) and establishes requirements for the implementation of the HPID. In addition, it adopts a data element that will serve as an other entity identifier (OEID), or an identifier for entities that are not health plans, health care providers, or individuals, but that need to be identified in standard......

  9. 78 FR 10107 - Food and Drug Administration Food Safety Modernization Act: Proposed Rules To Establish Standards...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-13

    ... Good Manufacturing Practice and Hazard Analysis and Risk-Based Preventive Controls for Human Food...: The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is providing public meeting registration information for two... hazard analysis and risk- based preventive controls for human food (the preventive controls proposed rule...

  10. Aspiring School Administrators' Perceived Ability to Meet Technology Standards and Technological Needs for Professional Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yu, Chien; Prince, Debra Lindsey

    2016-01-01

    The merits of technology in general and of educational technology specifically are well documented. The use of educational technology has been shown to improve teaching and learning and the overall educational quality of schools. However, the successful integration of educational technology in schools hinges on school administrators' technology…

  11. 29 CFR 1630.7 - Standards, criteria, or methods of administration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Section 1630.7 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY COMMISSION REGULATIONS TO IMPLEMENT THE EQUAL EMPLOYMENT PROVISIONS OF THE AMERICANS WITH DISABILITIES ACT § 1630.7..., criteria, or methods of administration, which are not job-related and consistent with business...

  12. Aspiring School Administrators' Perceived Ability to Meet Technology Standards and Technological Needs for Professional Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yu, Chien; Prince, Debra Lindsey

    2016-01-01

    The merits of technology in general and of educational technology specifically are well documented. The use of educational technology has been shown to improve teaching and learning and the overall educational quality of schools. However, the successful integration of educational technology in schools hinges on school administrators' technology…

  13. 77 FR 72691 - Small Business Size Standards: Administrative and Support, Waste Management and Remediation Services

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-06

    ... American Industry Classification System (NAICS) Sector 56, Administrative and Support, Waste Management and... System-- Next Generation (FPDS-NG) for fiscal years 2008 to 2010. To evaluate the impact of changes to... of the procurement be the restoration of a contaminated environment, i.e., environmental remediation...

  14. 77 FR 50757 - Charging Standard Administrative Fees for Nonprogram-Related Information

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-22

    ... certain limited exceptions.\\3\\ \\3\\ Office of Management and Budget (OMB), Circular A-25, User Charges. The... standard fee by check, money order, or credit card. We will not accept cash. If we revise any of...

  15. 42 CFR 403.812 - HIPAA privacy, security, administrative data standards, and national identifiers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL PROVISIONS SPECIAL PROGRAMS AND PROJECTS Medicare... specifications, and requirements in the Standards for Electronic Transactions under 45 CFR parts 160 and 162...

  16. The OSHA and EPA programs on preventing chemical accidents and potential applications in the photovoltaic industry

    SciTech Connect

    Fthenakis, V.M.

    1996-08-01

    OSHA issued in 1992, the Process Safety Management (PSM) of Highly Hazardous Substances. This rule requires owners/operators of facilities that handle hazardous chemicals in quantities greater than the listed thresholds to establish all the elements of a PSM. EPA has issued in June 1996, the rules for a Risk Management Program which also refers to specific substances and threshold quantities. These rules are applicable to all the facilities that use or store any of 139 regulated substances at quantities ranging from 100 lb to 10,000 lb. The RMP rule covers off-site hazards, while the OSHA Process Safety Management (PSM) rule covers worker safety issues within the plant boundary. Some of the listed substances may be found in photovoltaic manufacturing facilities. This brief report presents the basic elements of these two rules and discusses their potential applicability in the photovoltaic industry.

  17. Government: Executive Order Brings Federal Agencies Under OSHA Rules.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chemical and Engineering News, 1980

    1980-01-01

    Outlined are implications for the execution of an executive order, effective July 1, 1980, requiring federal agencies to comply with the same occupational safety and health standards that private employers must meet. A brief history of prior attempts to put similar safeguards on federal facilities is provided. (CS)

  18. Characterization of lead in US workplaces using data from OSHA's integrated management information system.

    PubMed

    Henn, Scott A; Sussell, Aaron L; Li, Jia; Shire, Jeffrey D; Alarcon, Walter A; Tak, Sangwoo

    2011-05-01

    Lead hazards continue to be encountered in the workplace. OSHA's Integrated Management Information System (IMIS) is the largest available database containing sampling results in US workplaces. Personal airborne lead sampling results in IMIS were extracted for years 1979-2008. Descriptive analyses, geographical mapping, and regression modeling of results were performed. Seventy-nine percent of lead samples were in the manufacturing sector. Lead sample results were highest in the construction sector (median = 0.03 mg/m(3) ). NORA sector, year, OSHA region, number of employees at the worksite, federal/state OSHA plan, unionization, advance notification, and presence of an employee representative were statistically associated with having a lead sample result exceed the PEL. Lead concentrations within construction have been higher than any other industry. Lead hazards have been most prevalent in the north and northeastern US. IMIS data can be useful as a surveillance tool and for targeting prevention efforts toward hazardous industries. Copyright © 2011 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

  19. Compliance with bloodborne pathogen standards at eight correctional facilities.

    PubMed

    Lehman, Everett J; Huy, Janice M; Viet, Susan M; Gomaa, Ahmed

    2012-01-01

    This study had three objectives: (a) to examine compliance with the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) Bloodborne Pathogens (BBPs) Standard at eight correctional facilities, (b) to identify potential barriers to compliance, and (c) to discuss steps to address these barriers. Eight facilities of different sizes and locations were visited to examine employer adherence to 15 selected BBP risk reduction activities. Facility compliance was less than 50% for four activities: updating exposure control plans, implementing use of appropriate safer medical devices, soliciting employee input on selection of safer devices, and training medical staff when such devices are implemented. Inconsistent compliance may be due to difficulties in applying the standards in the correctional health care work setting. Any BBP training and health communication activities targeted to correctional health care workers should be tailored to the correctional facility setting.

  20. Early Childhood Educator and Administrator Surveys on the Use of Assessments and Standards in Early Childhood Settings. REL 2014-019

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Irwin, Clare W.; O'Dwyer, Laura; Cook, Kyle DeMeo

    2014-01-01

    The Early Childhood Educator Survey and the Early Childhood Administrator Survey allow users to collect consistent data on the use of child assessments and learning standards in early childhood learning settings. Each survey includes modules on educator/administrator background information, assessment use, and learning standards implementation.…

  1. 77 FR 60629 - Administrative Simplification: Adoption of a Standard for a Unique Health Plan Identifier...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-04

    ... language describing the type of health plan subject to the regulatory requirement. In paragraph (b)(2), we... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND... Simplification: Adoption of a Standard for a Unique Health Plan Identifier; Addition to the National Provider...

  2. 5 CFR Appendix A to Subpart F of... - Standards for a Merit System of Personnel Administration

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ..., Legislation, and Statutory Reference Food Stamp, Food Stamp Act of 1977, as amended; 7 U.S.C. 2020(e)(6)(B). Employment Security (Unemployment Insurance and Employment Services), Social Security Act (Title III), as... (CONTINUED) CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) INTERGOVERNMENTAL PERSONNEL ACT PROGRAMS Standards for a...

  3. 5 CFR Appendix A to Subpart F of... - Standards for a Merit System of Personnel Administration

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ..., Legislation, and Statutory Reference Food Stamp, Food Stamp Act of 1977, as amended; 7 U.S.C. 2020(e)(6)(B). Employment Security (Unemployment Insurance and Employment Services), Social Security Act (Title III), as... (CONTINUED) CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) INTERGOVERNMENTAL PERSONNEL ACT PROGRAMS Standards for a...

  4. 5 CFR Appendix A to Subpart F of... - Standards for a Merit System of Personnel Administration

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ..., Legislation, and Statutory Reference Food Stamp, Food Stamp Act of 1977, as amended; 7 U.S.C. 2020(e)(6)(B). Employment Security (Unemployment Insurance and Employment Services), Social Security Act (Title III), as... (CONTINUED) CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) INTERGOVERNMENTAL PERSONNEL ACT PROGRAMS Standards for a...

  5. 5 CFR Appendix A to Subpart F of... - Standards for a Merit System of Personnel Administration

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ..., Legislation, and Statutory Reference Food Stamp, Food Stamp Act of 1977, as amended; 7 U.S.C. 2020(e)(6)(B). Employment Security (Unemployment Insurance and Employment Services), Social Security Act (Title III), as... (CONTINUED) CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) INTERGOVERNMENTAL PERSONNEL ACT PROGRAMS Standards for a...

  6. 78 FR 57445 - Charging Standard Administrative Fees for Nonprogram-Related Information

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-18

    ... current costs for this service. New Information: We are establishing a new standard, single-tier fee of... we charge to recover the full cost of providing information and related services we provide to the... fees ensure consistency and that we recover the full cost of supplying information when a request...

  7. New Mexico Standards Based Assessment (NMSBA) Technical Report: 2006 Spring Administration

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Griph, Gerald W.

    2006-01-01

    The purpose of the NMSBA technical report is to provide users and other interested parties with a general overview of and technical characteristics of the 2006 NMSBA. The 2006 technical report contains the following information: (1) Test development; (2) Scoring procedures; (3) Calibration, scaling, and equating procedures; (4) Standard setting;…

  8. Teacher Preparation: Assessing Teacher Quality, Administrative Support, Standards-Based Teacher Preparation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Poliakoff, Anne Rogers, Ed.

    2002-01-01

    This collection of papers focuses on the preparation of teachers by university-based education programs. The papers are: "The STEPS That Support P-12 Learning and Achievement" (Diana Rigden), which describes the Standards-based Teacher Education Project (STEP) for improving student learning; "The Responsibility for Assessing Beginning Teachers"…

  9. OSHA safety requirements and the general duty clause.

    PubMed

    Mills, Anne C; Chillock, Cynthia A; Edelman, Harold; Mills, Shannon E

    2005-03-01

    Dental offices and clinics are subject to the same general safety requirements as other workplaces. Current guidelines, inspections, education, and training focus on infectious disease as the major workplace hazard for dental health care personnel (DHCP). However, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration has cited an increasing variety and number of general safety hazards during inspections of dental offices. A review of the general safety requirements for personal protective equipment and fire safety as they relate to DHCP follows. The authors discuss the responsibility of both employers and employees to perform workplace hazard evaluation and to implement education, engineering controls, and work practice controls to minimize their exposure to recognized and emerging workplace hazards.

  10. National Aeronautics and Space Administration: An Approach for Meeting Customer Standards Under Executive Order 12862.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1994-05-01

    LOGISTICS MANAGEMENT INSTITUTE An Approach for Meeting Customer Standards Under Executive Order 12862 Summary Executive Order 12862, Setting...search Centers all operate and manage wind tunnels for both NASA and indus- try customers . Nonetheless, a separate wind-tunnel process should be...could include the man- ager of the process, selected members of the manager’s staff, a key customer , and a survey expert. The manager and staff would

  11. Applying the OSHA Process Safety Management Standard to Manufacturing Explosives at U.S. Government Facilities

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-07-01

    employee participation. Employee participation should begin at the inception of PSM implementation. Such participation not only improves employee commitment to...should begin at the inception of PSM implementation. Such participation not only improves employee commitment to PSM, but a facility will end up

  12. The effects of standardized trauma training on prehospital pain control: have pain medication administration rates increased on the battlefield?

    PubMed

    Bowman, W Joseph; Nesbitt, Michael E; Therien, Sean P

    2012-08-01

    The US Military has served in some of the most austere locations in the world. In this ever-changing environment, units are organized into smaller elements operating in very remote areas. This often results in longer evacuation times, which can lead to a delay in pain management if treatment is not initiated in the prehospital setting. Early pain control has become an increasingly crucial military prehospital task and must be controlled from the pain-initiating event. The individual services developed their standardized trauma training based on the recommendations by Frank Butler and the Defense Health Board Committee on Tactical Combat Casualty Care. This training stresses evidence-based treatment modalities, including pain control, derived from casualty injury analysis. Inadequate early pain control may lead to multiple acute and potentially chronic effects. These effects encompass a wide range from changes in blood pressure to delayed wound healing and posttraumatic stress disorder. Therefore, it is essential that pain be addressed in the prehospital environment. Institutional Review Board approval was obtained to conduct a retrospective Joint Theater Trauma Registry comparative study evaluating whether standardized trauma training increased prehospital pain medication administration between 2007 and 2009. These years were selected on the basis of mandatory training initiation dates and available Joint Theater Trauma Registry records. Records were analyzed for all US prehospital trauma cases with documented pain medication administration from Operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom for the specified years. Data analysis revealed 232 patients available for review (102 for 2007 and 130 for 2009). A statistically significant prehospital pain treatment increase was noted, from 3.1% in 2007 to 6.7% in 2009 (p < 0.0005; 95% confidence interval, 2.39-4.93). Standardized trauma training has increased the administration of prehospital pain medication and the

  13. Association of Poultry Processing Industry Exposures With Reports of Occupational Finger Amputations: Results of an Analysis of OSHA Severe Injury Report (SIR) Data.

    PubMed

    Nevin, Remington L; Bernt, Jon; Hodgson, Michael

    2017-08-17

    This analysis was conducted to identify industry exposures strongly associated with reports of finger amputation. Reports of severe occupational injuries in the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) Severe Injury Report (SIR) database were analyzed in relation to U.S. Census Bureau industry employment data. Industries with significantly elevated reporting odds ratios (RORs) and relative reporting risks (RRRs) were identified. Multiple population association measures including population attributable fraction (PAF) were calculated by industry. Among industries with statistically significant RRR and ROR, the poultry processing industry (RRR = 12.60, ROR = 3.37) accounted for the highest PAF by RRR (2.34%) and ROR (1.65%) CONCLUSION:: The results of this analysis identify the poultry processing industry as a leading source of reports of occupational finger amputations and substantiate the need for further collaboration with this industry.

  14. Pharmacokinetics of prenylated hop phenols in women following oral administration of a standardized extract of hops.

    PubMed

    van Breemen, Richard B; Yuan, Yang; Banuvar, Suzanne; Shulman, Lee P; Qiu, Xi; Alvarenga, René F Ramos; Chen, Shao-Nong; Dietz, Birgit M; Bolton, Judy L; Pauli, Guido F; Krause, Elizabeth; Viana, Marlos; Nikolic, Dejan

    2014-10-01

    Women seeking alternatives to hormone-replacement therapy for menopausal symptoms often try botanical dietary supplements containing extracts of hops (Humulus lupulus L.). Hops contain 8-prenylnaringenin (8-PN), a potent phytoestrogen, the related flavanones 6-prenylnaringenin and isoxanthohumol (IX), and the prenylated chalcone xanthohumol (XN). After chemically and biologically standardizing an extract of spent hops to these marker compounds, an escalating dose study was carried out in menopausal women to evaluate safety and pharmacokinetics. 8-PN, 6-prenylnaringenin, IX, and XN, sex hormones, and prothrombin time were determined in blood samples and/or 24 h urine samples. There was no effect on sex hormones or blood clotting. The maximum serum concentrations of the prenylated phenols were dose-dependent and were reached from 2 to 7 h, indicating slow absorption. The marker compounds formed glucuronides that were found in serum and urine. Secondary peaks at 5 h in the serum concentration-time curves indicated enterohepatic recirculation. The serum concentration-time curves indicated demethylation of IX to form 8-PN and cyclization of XN to IX. Slow absorption and enterohepatic recirculation contributed to half-lives exceeding 20 h. This human study indicated long half-lives of the estrogenic and proestrogenic prenylated phenols in hops but no acute toxicity. © 2014 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  15. Pharmacokinetics of Prenylated Hop Phenols in Women Following Oral Administration of a Standardized Extract of Hops

    PubMed Central

    van Breemen, Richard B.; Yuan, Yang; Banuvar, Suzanne; Shulman, Lee P.; Qiu, Xi; Alvarenga, René F. Ramos; Chen, Shao-Nong; Dietz, Birgit M.; Bolton, Judy L.; Pauli, Guido F.; Krause, Elizabeth; Viana, Marlos; Nikolic, Dejan

    2014-01-01

    SCOPE Women seeking alternatives to hormone replacement therapy for menopausal symptoms often try botanical dietary supplements containing extracts of hops (Humulus lupulus L.). Hops contain 8-prenylnaringenin (8-PN), a potent phytoestrogen, the related flavanones 6-prenylnaringenin (6-PN) and isoxanthohumol (IX), and the prenylated chalcone xanthohumol (XN). METHODS AND RESULTS After chemically and biologically standardizing an extract of spent hops to these marker compounds, an escalating dose study was carried out in menopausal women to evaluate safety and pharmacokinetics. 8-PN, 6-PN, IX, and XN, sex hormones, and prothrombin time (PT/INR) were determined in blood samples and/or 24-h urine samples. There was no effect on sex hormones or blood clotting. The maximum serum concentrations of the prenylated phenols were dose-dependent and were reached from 2 to 7 h, indicating slow absorption. The marker compounds formed glucuronides that were found in serum and urine. Secondary peaks at 5 h in the serum concentration-time curves indicated enterohepatic recirculation. The serum concentration-time curves indicated demethylation of IX to form 8-PN and cyclization of XN to IX. Slow absorption and enterohepatic recirculation contributed to half-lives exceeding 20 h. CONCLUSION This human study indicated long half-lives of the estrogenic and proestrogenic prenylated phenols in hops but no acute toxicity. PMID:25045111

  16. 77 FR 31395 - The Temporary Labor Camps Standard; Extension of the Office of Management and Budget's (OMB...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-25

    ..., diarrhea, sore throat, vomiting or jaundice is a prominent symptom, the Standard requires the camp... transmission techniques. III. Proposed Actions OSHA is requesting that OMB extend its approval of the...

  17. The Perceptions of Public School Administrators from Southeast Texas on the Effects of the National Educational Technology Standards for Teachers on Teacher Evaluations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wharton, Kevin F.

    2014-01-01

    With the infusion of technology into the learning environment, the teacher evaluation process has been affected (Whale, 2006). Consequently, the International Society of Technology in Education developed technology standards for students, teachers, and administrators known as the National Educational Technology Standards, or NETS (Morphew, 2012).…

  18. Preparing Special Education Administrators for Inclusion in Diverse, Standards-Based Contexts: Beyond the Council for Exceptional Children and the Interstate School Leaders Licensure Consortium

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Voltz, Deborah L.; Collins, Loucrecia

    2010-01-01

    Special education administrators must be prepared for their leadership roles in inclusive, culturally diverse, standards-based school settings. These challenges create the need for new skills, required for effective special education leaders in the 21st century. In this article, the authors examine the standards used to prepare special education…

  19. The Perceptions of Public School Administrators from Southeast Texas on the Effects of the National Educational Technology Standards for Teachers on Teacher Evaluations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wharton, Kevin F.

    2014-01-01

    With the infusion of technology into the learning environment, the teacher evaluation process has been affected (Whale, 2006). Consequently, the International Society of Technology in Education developed technology standards for students, teachers, and administrators known as the National Educational Technology Standards, or NETS (Morphew, 2012).…

  20. Revisions to the 2009 American Society of Clinical Oncology/Oncology Nursing Society chemotherapy administration safety standards: expanding the scope to include inpatient settings.

    PubMed

    Jacobson, Joseph O; Polovich, Martha; Gilmore, Terry R; Schulmeister, Lisa; Esper, Peg; Lefebvre, Kristine B; Neuss, Michael N

    2012-01-01

    In November 2009, the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) and the Oncology Nursing Society (ONS) jointly published a set of 31 voluntary chemotherapy safety standards for adult patients with cancer, as the end result of a highly structured, multistakeholder process. The standards were explicitly created to address patient safety in the administration of parenteral and oral chemotherapeutic agents in outpatient oncology settings. In January 2011, a workgroup consisting of ASCO and ONS members was convened to review feedback received since publication of the standards, to address interim changes in practice, and to modify the standards as needed. The most significant change to the standards is to extend their scope to the inpatient setting. This change reflects the conviction that the same standards for chemotherapy administration safety should apply in all settings. The proposed set of standards has been approved by the Board of Directors for both ASCO and ONS and has been posted for public comment. Comments were used as the basis for final editing of the revised standards. The workgroup recognizes that the safety of oral chemotherapy usage, nononcology medication reconciliation, and home chemotherapy administration are not adequately addressed in the original or revised standards. A separate process, cosponsored by ASCO and ONS, will address the development of safety standards for these areas.

  1. Revisions to the 2009 american society of clinical oncology/oncology nursing society chemotherapy administration safety standards: expanding the scope to include inpatient settings.

    PubMed

    Jacobson, Joseph O; Polovich, Martha; Gilmore, Terry R; Schulmeister, Lisa; Esper, Peg; Lefebvre, Kristine B; Neuss, Michael N

    2012-01-01

    In November 2009, ASCO and the Oncology Nursing Society (ONS) jointly published a set of 31 voluntary chemotherapy safety standards for adult patients with cancer, as the end result of a highly structured, multistakeholder process. The standards were explicitly created to address patient safety in the administration of parenteral and oral chemotherapeutic agents in outpatient oncology settings. In January 2011, a workgroup consisting of ASCO and ONS members was convened to review feedback received since publication of the standards, to address interim changes in practice, and to modify the standards as needed. The most significant change to the standards is to extend their scope to the inpatient setting. This change reflects the conviction that the same standards for chemotherapy administration safety should apply in all settings. The proposed set of standards has been approved by the Board of Directors for both ASCO and ONS and has been posted for public comment. Comments were used as the basis for final editing of the revised standards. The workgroup recognizes that the safety of oral chemotherapy usage, nononcology medication reconciliation, and home chemotherapy administration are not adequately addressed in the original or revised standards. A separate process, cosponsored by ASCO and ONS, will address the development of safety standards for these areas.

  2. Investigation of standardized administration of anti-platelet drugs and its effect on the prognosis of patients with coronary heart disease.

    PubMed

    Ding, Chao; Zhang, Jianhua; Li, Rongcheng; Wang, Jiacai; Hu, Yongcang; Chen, Yanyan; Li, Xiannan; Xu, Yan

    2017-10-01

    The aim of the present study was to explore the effect of adherence to standardized administration of anti-platelet drugs on the prognosis of patients with coronary heart disease. A total of 144 patients newly diagnosed with coronary heart disease at Lu'an Shili Hospital of Anhui Province (Lu'an, China) between June 2010 and June 2012 were followed up. Kaplan-Meier curves and the Cox regression model were used to evaluate the effects of standardized administration of anti-platelet drugs on primary and secondary end-point events. Of the patients with coronary heart disease, 109 (76%) patients took standard anti-platelet drugs following discharge. Kaplan-Meier curve and Cox regression analysis showed that standardized administration of anti-platelet drugs reduced the risk of primary end-point events (including all-cause mortality, non-lethal myocardial infarction and stroke) of patients with coronary heart disease [hazard ratio (HR)=0.307; 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.099-0.953; P=0.041) and all-cause mortality (HR=0.162; 95% CI: 0.029-0.890; P=0.036); however, standardized administration had no predictive value with regard to secondary end-point events. Standardized administration of anti-platelet drugs obviously reduced the risk of primary end-point events in patients with coronary heart disease, and further analysis showed that only all-cause mortality exhibited a statistically significant reduction.

  3. Evaluation of the Hematologic Safety of Same Day Versus Standard Administration (24- to 72-Hour Delay) of Pegfilgrastim in Gynecology Oncology Patients Undergoing Cytotoxic Chemotherapy.

    PubMed

    Billingsley, Caroline C; Jacobson, Samuel N; Crafton, Sarah M; Crim, Aleia K; Li, Quan; Hade, Erinn M; Cohn, David E; Fowler, Jeffrey M; Copeland, Larry J; Salani, Ritu; Backes, Floor J; O'Malley, David M

    2015-09-01

    We assessed the safety and efficacy of administration of pegfilgrastim on the same day compared with standard administration 24 to 72 hours after chemotherapy in patients with gynecologic malignancies. A retrospective review was conducted on patients undergoing pegfilgrastim to mitigate the myelosuppressive consequences of chemotherapy. The primary outcome was incidence of grade 3 to 4 neutropenia following pegfilgrastim for same-day administration (D1) versus standard administration (D2+). Secondary outcomes included dose delay, regimen change, hospitalization due to neutropenia, and incidence of febrile neutropenia. Four hundred twenty-one patients with 2071 administrations of pegfilgrastim were included. Five hundred six administrations of pegfilgrastim were given on D1 compared with 1565 administrations on D2+. The most common malignancy was ovarian cancer (79.1%), followed by endometrial (14.5%). Comparing the D1 and D2+ cohorts, noninferiority was not established for the incidence of grade 3 to 4 neutropenia (2.6% vs 1.8%, adjusted relative risk [aRR], 1.6; 90% confidence interval [CI], 0.87-3.2) or dose modification (6.5% vs 4.9%; aRR, 1.3; 90% CI, 0.9-1.8). However, the rate of treatment delays (7.3% vs 9.4%; aRR, 0.8; 90% CI, 0.6-1.1) in the D1 and D2+ groups suggested that delays in the D1 group were not more common than in the D2+ group. The incidence of hematologic toxicities and dose modification in patients receiving same-day pegfilgrastim were not as low as in those undergoing standard administration. However, treatment delays were found to be no more frequent in those receiving same-day pegfilgrastim versus standard administration. Same-day administration of pegfilgrastim is a reasonable option.

  4. An exploration of administrators' perceptions of elementary science: A case study of the role of science in two elementary schools based on the interactions of administrators with colleagues, science content and state standards

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Brogdon, Lori-Anne Stelmark

    This research is a case study on the perceptions and attitudes of administrators in the area of elementary science and how their responses reflect agreement or dissonance with the perceptions of elementary teachers on the subject of science within the same district. The study used Likert-type surveys and interviews from both administrators and teachers on five key areas: 1) Attitudes towards science and teaching 2) Attitudes towards teaching science 3) Attitudes towards administrators 4) Time teaching science and 5) Attitudes about policy and standards. Survey data was analyzed within and across areas to identify similarity and difference within each group. The medians from the administrative and teacher surveys were then crossed referenced through the use of a Mann Whitney test to identify areas of similarity. Interview data was coded around three major themes: 1) Standards 2) Classroom Instruction and 3) Conversations. The findings show that even though administrators' perceptions favor the inclusion of science in the elementary classroom, both administrators and teachers in this study reported limited involvement from, and conversation with, each other on the topic of science education. Heavy reliance by the administrators was placed on the use of consultants to provide professional development in the area of science instruction and to review the use of state standards, resulting in limited conversation between administrators and teachers about science. Teachers reported a heavy reliance upon their colleagues in the area of science instruction and curriculum planning. In addition, both administrators and teachers reported a greater focus on math and English for classroom instruction. Findings in this research support implications that more focus should be placed on the role of administrators in the implementation of science instruction. Administrators can play a crucial role in the success of science programs at the building, district and state levels

  5. 29 CFR 1960.67 - Federal agency certification of the injury and illness annual summary (OSHA 300-A or equivalent).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... has examined the OSHA 300 Log and that he or she believes, based on his or her knowledge of the... senior establishment management official, (b) The head of the Agency for which the senior establishment management official works, or (c) Any management official who is in the direct chain of command between...

  6. 29 CFR 1960.67 - Federal agency certification of the injury and illness annual summary (OSHA 300-A or equivalent).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... has examined the OSHA 300 Log and that he or she believes, based on his or her knowledge of the... senior establishment management official, (b) The head of the Agency for which the senior establishment management official works, or (c) Any management official who is in the direct chain of command between...

  7. 77 FR 72781 - Standards Improvement Project-Phase IV

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-06

    ... medical-surveillance and emergency-response provisions of the Coke Oven Emissions, Inorganic Arsenic, and... examinations and tests required in OSHA's Inorganic Arsenic and Coke Oven Emissions standards at 29 CFR 1910... substance-specific standards (e.g., Vinyl Chloride, Acrylonitrile, Coke Oven Emissions, Inorganic...

  8. The Impact of Recent Federal Administrative Rules on Army Dental Care. Volume 1. A Cost Analysis of Bloodborne Pathogens: A Report of Consultation

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1992-12-31

    Corps, US Army, Military Medicine, Dentistry , I ....... Bloodborne pathogens, OSHA Bloodborne Pathogens Standard 19. ABSTRACT ( nue7 ncesary and...place. The ADA issued the first infection control recommendations for dentistry in 1978 (1). As additional information became available, the ADA...for dentistry and the 1987 universal precautions guidelines both issued by the CDC (4,5). OSHA’s first involvement with infection control came in 1983

  9. Framework for Establishment of a Comprehensive and Standardized Administration System for Prevention and Control of Tuberculosis in College Student Community in China.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Shaoru; Li, Xiaohong; Zhang, Tianhua; Wang, Xiangni; Liu, Weiping; Ma, Xuexue; Li, Yuelu; Fan, Yahui

    2016-10-01

    College student community is the one with high risk of tuberculosis (TB). A systemic and standardized administration model for prevention and control of TB is significance in controlling TB spread in universities. Currently, the universities in China have not established the comprehensive and standardized administration system for TB prevention and control in college student community. Firstly, the literature research and brainstorming method (n=13) were used to construct the clause and sub-clause pool for the administration of TB prevention and control within college student community in 2014. Secondly, a total of twenty experts in the field of TB prevention and control who are representatives of the east, west, south and north parts of China were selected and invited to participate the Delphi letter-inquiry. After two rounds of letter-inquiry, the opinions of the experts reached a consensus and the framework for the administration system was constructed. A framework for the administration system was constructed, which included 8 first class indexes, 26 second class indexes and 104 third class indexes. The results are highly scientific and reliable, which can be helpful for improving the systemic and standardized levels for the administration of TB prevention and control in universities in China and perhaps in other developing counties with high TB burden as well.

  10. Framework for Establishment of a Comprehensive and Standardized Administration System for Prevention and Control of Tuberculosis in College Student Community in China

    PubMed Central

    ZHANG, Shaoru; LI, Xiaohong; ZHANG, Tianhua; WANG, Xiangni; LIU, Weiping; MA, Xuexue; LI, Yuelu; FAN, Yahui

    2016-01-01

    Background: College student community is the one with high risk of tuberculosis (TB). A systemic and standardized administration model for prevention and control of TB is significance in controlling TB spread in universities. Currently, the universities in China have not established the comprehensive and standardized administration system for TB prevention and control in college student community. Methods: Firstly, the literature research and brainstorming method (n=13) were used to construct the clause and sub-clause pool for the administration of TB prevention and control within college student community in 2014. Secondly, a total of twenty experts in the field of TB prevention and control who are representatives of the east, west, south and north parts of China were selected and invited to participate the Delphi letter-inquiry. After two rounds of letter-inquiry, the opinions of the experts reached a consensus and the framework for the administration system was constructed. Results: A framework for the administration system was constructed, which included 8 first class indexes, 26 second class indexes and 104 third class indexes. Conclusion: The results are highly scientific and reliable, which can be helpful for improving the systemic and standardized levels for the administration of TB prevention and control in universities in China and perhaps in other developing counties with high TB burden as well. PMID:27957436

  11. May short-course intravenous antimicrobial administration be as a standard therapy for bacterial brain abscess treated surgically?

    PubMed

    Xia, Chengyu; Jiang, Xiaofeng; Niu, Chaoshi

    2016-05-01

    To analyze the outcome in subjects with bacterial brain abscesses (BBAs) treated by operation and shorter antimicrobial duration than usual at a single center over a four-year period. Retrospective review was conducted on a series of 55 patients with BBAs surgically treated and managed by prospective antimicrobial protocol of shorter antimicrobial duration than usual. Sixty-one abscesses were diagnosed and surgically managed in 55 patients. Open craniotomy excision was the treatment of choice for 58.2% of the patients, whereas 31.8% of the cases were managed through stereotactically guided aspiration. Intravenous antimicrobial agents were given to all patients emipirically or changed later according to culture results. Intravenous antimicrobial administration was discontinued without following oral therapy when the patients' body temperature was continuously normal for 10-14 days after surgery and neuroimaging showed the resolution of BBAs at the same time [Follow-up CT or MRI showed no residue cavity, or the diffusion wedge images (DWI) showed the signal in the residue cavity was as low as the signal of cerebral spinal fluid]. The mean total antimicrobial duration was 21.7 days (10-66 days), and the mean antimicrobial duration after operation was 19.2 days (10-64 days). Follow-up found there were two patients whose BBAs recurred and died 4-5 months after primary BBAs controlled. Follow-up data of the remaining 53 patients were available with a mean follow-up time of 36 months (12-58 months). Outcome was favorable in 65.5% of the subjects. General morbidity was 18.2%, and recurrence and mortality stood at 3.6%, respectively. This case series showed the short-course intravenous antimicrobial administration can be considered to be a standard therapy for bacterial brain abscess in the surgically treated group, and the thermal curve and DWI are the two paramount indicators that can safely evaluate the antimicrobial times for the treatment of BBAs.

  12. A Standardized Protocol for Stereotaxic Intrahippocampal Administration of Kainic Acid Combined with Electroencephalographic Seizure Monitoring in Mice

    PubMed Central

    Bielefeld, Pascal; Sierra, Amanda; Encinas, Juan M.; Maletic-Savatic, Mirjana; Anderson, Anne; Fitzsimons, Carlos P.

    2017-01-01

    Lack of scientific reproducibility is a growing concern and weak experimental practices may contribute to irreproducibility. Here, we describe an optimized and versatile protocol for stereotaxic intrahippocampal administration of Kainic Acid (KA) in mice with a C57Bl6 background. In this protocol, KA administration is combined with in vivo recording of neuronal activity with wired and wireless setups. Following our protocol, KA administration results in a robust dose-dependent induction of low-level epileptiform activity or Status Epilepticus (SE) and induces previously characterized hallmarks of seizure-associated pathology. The procedure consists of three main steps: Craniotomy, stereotaxic administration of KA, and placement of recording electrodes in intrahippocampal, and subdural locations. This protocol offers extended possibilities compared to the systemic administration of KA, as it allows the researcher to accurately regulate the local dose of KA and resulting seizure activity, and permits the use and study of convulsive and non-convulsive KA doses, resulting in higher reproducibility and lower inter-individual variability and mortality rates. Caution should be taken when translating this procedure to different strains of mice as inter-strain sensitivity to KA has been described before. The procedure can be performed in ~1 h by a trained researcher, while intrahippocampal administration of KA without placing recording electrodes can be done in 25 min, and can be easily adapted to the titrated intrahippocampal administration of other drugs. PMID:28405182

  13. 75 FR 53301 - Proposed Cercla Administrative Order on Consent for the Standard Mine Site, Gunnison County, CO

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-31

    ... Assistant Regional Administrator, Office of Enforcement, Compliance and Environmental Justice, U.S... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION... AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Notice and request for public comment. SUMMARY: In...

  14. Occupational Safety and Health Program Guidelines for Colleges and Universities. An Administrative Resource Manual.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Godbey, Frank W.; Hatch, Loren L.

    Designed as an aid for establishing and strengthening occupational safety and health programs on college and university campuses, this administrator guide is divided into four chapters. The first chapter defines and gives background information on the Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA). In addition, it presents a discussion of what the OSHA…

  15. Comparing Online and In-Person Delivery Formats of the OSHA 10-Hour General Industry Health and Safety Training for Young Workers.

    PubMed

    Shendell, Derek G; Milich, Lindsey J; Apostolico, Alexsandra A; Patti, Alexa A; Kelly, Siobhan

    2017-05-01

    Seven school districts or comprehensive high schools were enrolled in online OSHA 10-hour General Industry or Construction health and safety training via CareerSafe to determine the feasibility of online training for students, given limited resources for in-person trainings. A two-campus school district was analyzed comparing OSHA 10 for General Industry across in-person, supervisor-level teachers as authorized trainers, and online course formats. The online training courses were completed by 86 of 91 students, while another 53 of 57 students completed in-person training. Both groups completed identical OSHA-approved quizzes for "Introduction to OSHA," the initial 2-h module consistently provided in OSHA 10 courses across topics and formats. Results indicated teacher supervision was critical, and girls had higher online course completion rates, overall quiz scores, and never failed. Though both cohorts passed, in-person had significantly higher scores than online; both struggled with two questions. Online OSHA 10 for General Industry can be an efficient learning tool for students when limited resources prevent widespread availability of in-person courses.

  16. Review of the OSHA-NIOSH Response to the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill: Protecting the Health and Safety of Cleanup Workers.

    PubMed

    Michaels, David; Howard, John

    2012-07-18

    The fire and explosion of the Deepwater Horizon oil rig resulted in an enormous oil spill that threatened large distances of coastline. The overall response was led by the United States Coast Guard and involved the oil company BP, federal agencies, and state and local governments of five states. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration and the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health focused extensive resources on ensuring that BP and its contractors provided safe working conditions for thousands of workers involved in the response. Federal personnel visited worksites daily, identifying hazards and means of abatement; assessed training programs to ensure that workers were adequately trained in languages they could understand; monitored chemical exposures and determined that the proper personal protective equipment was deployed; insisted on implementation of a heat mitigation program; rostered thousands of workers; and conducted extensive outreach in communities impacted by the spill. Advance planning, immediate deployment, and collaboration across agencies helped ensure that the response operations resulted in no worker fatalities, and relatively few injuries and illnesses. For future responses, improvements should be made in how safety and health information, as well as the process behind safety and health decisions, are communicated to the public. Michaels D, Howard J. Review of the OSHA-NIOSH Response to the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill: Protecting the Health and Safety of Cleanup Workers. PLoS Currents Disasters. 2012 Jul 18.

  17. Review of the OSHA-NIOSH Response to the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill: Protecting the Health and Safety of Cleanup Workers

    PubMed Central

    Michaels, David; Howard, John

    2012-01-01

    Introduction: The fire and explosion of the Deepwater Horizon oil rig resulted in an enormous oil spill that threatened large distances of coastline. The overall response was led by the United States Coast Guard and involved the oil company BP, federal agencies, and state and local governments of five states. Methods: The Occupational Safety and Health Administration and the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health focused extensive resources on ensuring that BP and its contractors provided safe working conditions for thousands of workers involved in the response. Federal personnel visited worksites daily, identifying hazards and means of abatement; assessed training programs to ensure that workers were adequately trained in languages they could understand; monitored chemical exposures and determined that the proper personal protective equipment was deployed; insisted on implementation of a heat mitigation program; rostered thousands of workers; and conducted extensive outreach in communities impacted by the spill. Results: Advance planning, immediate deployment, and collaboration across agencies helped ensure that the response operations resulted in no worker fatalities, and relatively few injuries and illnesses. Conclusions: For future responses, improvements should be made in how safety and health information, as well as the process behind safety and health decisions, are communicated to the public. Citation: Michaels D, Howard J. Review of the OSHA-NIOSH Response to the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill: Protecting the Health and Safety of Cleanup Workers. PLoS Currents Disasters. 2012 Jul 18 PMID:24678440

  18. WAIS-IV administration errors: effects of altered response requirements on Symbol Search and violation of standard surface-variety patterns on Block Design.

    PubMed

    Ryan, Joseph J; Swopes-Willhite, Nicole; Franklin, Cassi; Kreiner, David S

    2015-01-01

    This study utilized a sample of 50 college students to assess the possibility that responding to the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Fourth Edition (WAIS-IV) Symbol Search subtest items with an "x" instead of a "single slash mark" would affect performance. A second sample of 50 college students was used to assess the impact on WAIS-IV Block Design performance of presenting all the items with only red surfaces facing up. The modified Symbol Search and Block Design administrations yielded mean scaled scores and raw scores that did not differ significantly from mean scores obtained with standard administrations. Findings should not be generalized beyond healthy, well-educated young adults.

  19. [Technical improvement of cohort constitution in administrative health databases: Providing a tool for integration and standardization of data applicable in the French National Health Insurance Database (SNIIRAM)].

    PubMed

    Ferdynus, C; Huiart, L

    2016-09-01

    Administrative health databases such as the French National Heath Insurance Database - SNIIRAM - are a major tool to answer numerous public health research questions. However the use of such data requires complex and time-consuming data management. Our objective was to develop and make available a tool to optimize cohort constitution within administrative health databases. We developed a process to extract, transform and load (ETL) data from various heterogeneous sources in a standardized data warehouse. This data warehouse is architected as a star schema corresponding to an i2b2 star schema model. We then evaluated the performance of this ETL using data from a pharmacoepidemiology research project conducted in the SNIIRAM database. The ETL we developed comprises a set of functionalities for creating SAS scripts. Data can be integrated into a standardized data warehouse. As part of the performance assessment of this ETL, we achieved integration of a dataset from the SNIIRAM comprising more than 900 million lines in less than three hours using a desktop computer. This enables patient selection from the standardized data warehouse within seconds of the request. The ETL described in this paper provides a tool which is effective and compatible with all administrative health databases, without requiring complex database servers. This tool should simplify cohort constitution in health databases; the standardization of warehouse data facilitates collaborative work between research teams. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  20. NASA/NBS (National Aeronautics and Space Administration/National Bureau of Standards) standard reference model for telerobot control system architecture (NASREM)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Albus, James S.; Mccain, Harry G.; Lumia, Ronald

    1989-01-01

    The document describes the NASA Standard Reference Model (NASREM) Architecture for the Space Station Telerobot Control System. It defines the functional requirements and high level specifications of the control system for the NASA space Station document for the functional specification, and a guideline for the development of the control system architecture, of the 10C Flight Telerobot Servicer. The NASREM telerobot control system architecture defines a set of standard modules and interfaces which facilitates software design, development, validation, and test, and make possible the integration of telerobotics software from a wide variety of sources. Standard interfaces also provide the software hooks necessary to incrementally upgrade future Flight Telerobot Systems as new capabilities develop in computer science, robotics, and autonomous system control.

  1. 63 FR 5905 - Occupational Exposure to Tuberculosis

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    1998-02-05

    ... Tuberculosis AGENCY: Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), Labor. ACTION: Proposed rule... to tuberculosis and is announcing the dates and locations of the informal public hearings to be held...-5986. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: OSHA's proposed standard on Occupational Exposure to Tuberculosis...

  2. 64 FR 34625 - Occupational Exposure to Tuberculosis

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    1999-06-28

    ... Tuberculosis AGENCY: Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), Department of Labor. ACTION: Notice..., 1997, OSHA published its proposed standard to regulate occupational exposure to tuberculosis (TB) (62... preliminary risk assessment for occupational exposure to tuberculosis. DATES: Comments and data...

  3. 10 CFR 2.110 - Filing and administrative action on submittals for standard design approval or early review of...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... make available at the NRC Web site, http://www.nrc.gov, a report that analyzes the design. (2) Upon... standard design approval or early review of site suitability issues. 2.110 Section 2.110 Energy NUCLEAR... or early review of site suitability issues. (a)(1) A submittal for a standard design approval under...

  4. 10 CFR 2.110 - Filing and administrative action on submittals for standard design approval or early review of...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... make available at the NRC Web site, http://www.nrc.gov, a report that analyzes the design. (2) Upon... standard design approval or early review of site suitability issues. 2.110 Section 2.110 Energy NUCLEAR... or early review of site suitability issues. (a)(1) A submittal for a standard design approval under...

  5. 10 CFR 2.110 - Filing and administrative action on submittals for standard design approval or early review of...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... make available at the NRC Web site, http://www.nrc.gov, a report that analyzes the design. (2) Upon... standard design approval or early review of site suitability issues. 2.110 Section 2.110 Energy NUCLEAR... for Issuance, Amendment, Transfer, or Renewal of a License, and Standard Design Approval Hearing on...

  6. Standards Relating to Schools and Education. Juvenile Justice Standards Project [of the] Institute of Judicial Administration [and the] American Bar Association. Tentative Draft.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    [Buss, William; Goldstein, Stephen

    The standards and commentary in this volume are part of a series designed to cover the juvenile justice system and its relationship to the rights and responsibilities of juveniles. This volume on public education is addressed to legislators, courts, lawyers, educators, parents, students, and the general public. The volume proposes standards…

  7. Medicare program; statistical standards for evaluating intermediary performance during fiscal year 1982--Health Care Financing Administration. General notice with comment period.

    PubMed

    1982-10-05

    This is HCFAs annual notice containing statistical standards to be used for evaluating the performance of fiscal intermediaries in the administration of the Medicare program for fiscal year 1982. The standards were developed from available statistical data contained in routine intermediary reports and consists of measures of timeliness and of cost of an intermediary's Medicare operations. The results of the evaluations are considered whenever we make, renew or terminate an intermediary agreement; assign or reassing providers of services to an intermediary; or designate regional or national intermediaries.

  8. The Perceptions of Selected California Teachers and Administrators toward California Standards Test Preparation in Selected Title I Elementary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Araiza, Ricardo

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this replication study was to determine the degree to which teachers and administrators in selected low-achieving Title I elementary schools: 1. Report that they teach the following test-taking skills to prepare their students to take the CST: establishing an appropriate student attitude toward testing, familiarity with the…

  9. An administrative data validation study of the accuracy of algorithms for identifying rheumatoid arthritis: the influence of the reference standard on algorithm performance.

    PubMed

    Widdifield, Jessica; Bombardier, Claire; Bernatsky, Sasha; Paterson, J Michael; Green, Diane; Young, Jacqueline; Ivers, Noah; Butt, Debra A; Jaakkimainen, R Liisa; Thorne, J Carter; Tu, Karen

    2014-06-23

    We have previously validated administrative data algorithms to identify patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) using rheumatology clinic records as the reference standard. Here we reassessed the accuracy of the algorithms using primary care records as the reference standard. We performed a retrospective chart abstraction study using a random sample of 7500 adult patients under the care of 83 family physicians contributing to the Electronic Medical Record Administrative data Linked Database (EMRALD) in Ontario, Canada. Using physician-reported diagnoses as the reference standard, we computed and compared the sensitivity, specificity, and predictive values for over 100 administrative data algorithms for RA case ascertainment. We identified 69 patients with RA for a lifetime RA prevalence of 0.9%. All algorithms had excellent specificity (>97%). However, sensitivity varied (75-90%) among physician billing algorithms. Despite the low prevalence of RA, most algorithms had adequate positive predictive value (PPV; 51-83%). The algorithm of "[1 hospitalization RA diagnosis code] or [3 physician RA diagnosis codes with ≥1 by a specialist over 2 years]" had a sensitivity of 78% (95% CI 69-88), specificity of 100% (95% CI 100-100), PPV of 78% (95% CI 69-88) and NPV of 100% (95% CI 100-100). Administrative data algorithms for detecting RA patients achieved a high degree of accuracy amongst the general population. However, results varied slightly from our previous report, which can be attributed to differences in the reference standards with respect to disease prevalence, spectrum of disease, and type of comparator group.

  10. An administrative data validation study of the accuracy of algorithms for identifying rheumatoid arthritis: the influence of the reference standard on algorithm performance

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background We have previously validated administrative data algorithms to identify patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) using rheumatology clinic records as the reference standard. Here we reassessed the accuracy of the algorithms using primary care records as the reference standard. Methods We performed a retrospective chart abstraction study using a random sample of 7500 adult patients under the care of 83 family physicians contributing to the Electronic Medical Record Administrative data Linked Database (EMRALD) in Ontario, Canada. Using physician-reported diagnoses as the reference standard, we computed and compared the sensitivity, specificity, and predictive values for over 100 administrative data algorithms for RA case ascertainment. Results We identified 69 patients with RA for a lifetime RA prevalence of 0.9%. All algorithms had excellent specificity (>97%). However, sensitivity varied (75-90%) among physician billing algorithms. Despite the low prevalence of RA, most algorithms had adequate positive predictive value (PPV; 51-83%). The algorithm of “[1 hospitalization RA diagnosis code] or [3 physician RA diagnosis codes with ≥1 by a specialist over 2 years]” had a sensitivity of 78% (95% CI 69–88), specificity of 100% (95% CI 100–100), PPV of 78% (95% CI 69–88) and NPV of 100% (95% CI 100–100). Conclusions Administrative data algorithms for detecting RA patients achieved a high degree of accuracy amongst the general population. However, results varied slightly from our previous report, which can be attributed to differences in the reference standards with respect to disease prevalence, spectrum of disease, and type of comparator group. PMID:24956925

  11. 20 CFR Appendix A to Part 718 - Standards for Administration and Interpretation of Chest Roentgenograms (X-Rays)

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... STANDARDS FOR DETERMINING COAL MINERS' TOTAL DISABILITY OR DEATH DUE TO PNEUMOCONIOSIS Pt. 718, App. A... suitable grid or other means of reducing scattered radiation shall be used; (viii) The geometry of the...

  12. 20 CFR Appendix A to Part 718 - Standards for Administration and Interpretation of Chest Roentgenograms (X-Rays)

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... STANDARDS FOR DETERMINING COAL MINERS' TOTAL DISABILITY OR DEATH DUE TO PNEUMOCONIOSIS Pt. 718, App. A... suitable grid or other means of reducing scattered radiation shall be used; (viii) The geometry of the...

  13. Attestations by facilities using nonimmigrant aliens as registered nurses--Employment and Training Administration and Employment Standards Administration, Labor--Final rule and amendment and announcement of effective date.

    PubMed

    1994-02-04

    On January 6, 1994, the Employment and Training Administration (ETA) and the Wage and Hour Division of the Employment Standards Administration of the Department of Labor published final regulations governing the filing and enforcement of attestations by health care facilities seeking to use the services of nonimmigrant aliens as registered nurses under H-1A visas. At that time, ETA submitted the information collection requirements to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1980. This document amends the January 6, 1994, Federal Register document to display the OMB control numbers and announces the effective date for the sections containing information collection requirements for which OMB approval has been received.

  14. Get ready for the new asbestos standard

    SciTech Connect

    Onderick, W.A.

    1995-10-09

    On October 1, OSHA`s revised asbestos rules became law, and with them are many changes from the previous 1986 standard. The presumed asbestos-containing material (PACM) rule is one of the bigger changes in the revised standard. OSHA has declared that owners must presume that there are certain high-risk asbestos-containing materials (ACM) in facilities built prior to 1981, unless bulk sample results prove them to be nonasbestos. The impact of this provision forces companies to think carefully before presuming where asbestos is or where it is not. Companies must also heed the EPA Asbestos National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAP), which require inspections and bulk sampling to identify materials prior to renovation or demolition. Short and long term needs should be examined when analyzing how to comply with the PACM provision. There are four options available. Option 1: Ignore the standard and face potential enforcement fines. Option 2: Presume all materials in pre-1981 buildings contain asbestos and simply post additional warning signs. Option 3: Survey or resurvey the facilities to be in compliance with the PACM ruling. Option 4: Conduct more comprehensive surveys. Option 3 is discussed in some detail.

  15. Fall Protection in Construction

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1998-01-01

    Fall Protection in Construction U.S. Department of Labor Occupational Safety and Health Administration OSHA 3146 1998(Revised) Report Documentation...Department of Labor Occupational Safety & Health Administration 200 Constitution Avenue Washington, DC 20210 Performing Organization Report Number OSHA 3146...compliance responsibili- ties, which are set forth in OSHA standards themselves, and the Occupational Safety and Health Act. Moreover, because

  16. Permit-Required Confined Spaces

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1998-01-01

    Permit-Required Confined Spaces U.S. Department of Labor Occupational Safety and Health Administration OSHA 3138 1998 (Revised) Report Documentation...Department of Labor Occupational Safety & Health Administration 200 Constitution Avenue Washington, DC 20210 Performing Organization Report Number OSHA 3138...determine compliance responsibili- ties, which are set forth in OSHA standards themselves and the Occupational Safety and Health Act. Moreover, because

  17. Can Italian healthcare administrative databases be used to compare regions with respect to compliance with standards of care for chronic diseases?

    PubMed

    Gini, Rosa; Schuemie, Martijn J; Francesconi, Paolo; Lapi, Francesco; Cricelli, Iacopo; Pasqua, Alessandro; Gallina, Pietro; Donato, Daniele; Brugaletta, Salvatore; Donatini, Andrea; Marini, Alessandro; Cricelli, Claudio; Damiani, Gianfranco; Bellentani, Mariadonata; van der Lei, Johan; Sturkenboom, Miriam C J M; Klazinga, Niek S

    2014-01-01

    Italy has a population of 60 million and a universal coverage single-payer healthcare system, which mandates collection of healthcare administrative data in a uniform fashion throughout the country. On the other hand, organization of the health system takes place at the regional level, and local initiatives generate natural experiments. This is happening in particular in primary care, due to the need to face the growing burden of chronic diseases. Health services research can compare and evaluate local initiatives on the basis of the common healthcare administrative data.However reliability of such data in this context needs to be assessed, especially when comparing different regions of the country. In this paper we investigated the validity of healthcare administrative databases to compute indicators of compliance with standards of care for diabetes, ischaemic heart disease (IHD) and heart failure (HF). We compared indicators estimated from healthcare administrative data collected by Local Health Authorities in five Italian regions with corresponding estimates from clinical data collected by General Practitioners (GPs). Four indicators of diagnostic follow-up (two for diabetes, one for IHD and one for HF) and four indicators of appropriate therapy (two each for IHD and HF) were considered. Agreement between the two data sources was very good, except for indicators of laboratory diagnostic follow-up in one region and for the indicator of bioimaging diagnostic follow-up in all regions, where measurement with administrative data underestimated quality. According to evidence presented in this study, estimating compliance with standards of care for diabetes, ischaemic heart disease and heart failure from healthcare databases is likely to produce reliable results, even though completeness of data on diagnostic procedures should be assessed first. Performing studies comparing regions using such indicators as outcomes is a promising development with potential to improve

  18. 76 FR 76768 - The 13 Carcinogens Standard; Extension of the Office of Management and Budget's (OMB) Approval of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-08

    .... OSHA-2011-0860] The 13 Carcinogens Standard; Extension of the Office of Management and Budget's (OMB... collection requirements specified in the 13 Carcinogens Standard (29 CFR 1910.1003). DATES: Comments must be... Carcinogens Standard protect workers from the adverse health effects that may result from their exposure to...

  19. 75 FR 21666 - Canadian Standards Association; Application for Expansion of Recognition

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-26

    ... the NRTL may test, with each type specified by its applicable test standard; (2) the recognized site(s) that has/have the technical capability to perform the testing and certification activities for test... particular test standard is limited to equipment or materials (i.e., products) for which OSHA...

  20. 10 CFR 2.110 - Filing and administrative action on submittals for standard design approval or early review of...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ..., Office of Nuclear Reactor Regulation, as appropriate shall publish in the Federal Register a notice of... Director, Office of New Reactors or Director, Office of Nuclear Reactor Regulation, as appropriate shall... standard design approval or early review of site suitability issues. 2.110 Section 2.110 Energy...

  1. 10 CFR 2.110 - Filing and administrative action on submittals for standard design approval or early review of...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ..., Office of Nuclear Reactor Regulation, as appropriate shall publish in the Federal Register a notice of... Director, Office of New Reactors or Director, Office of Nuclear Reactor Regulation, as appropriate shall... standard design approval or early review of site suitability issues. 2.110 Section 2.110 Energy...

  2. E's Are Good: Standards of Quality in Public Administration as Reflected in Discourse on Canadian Public Policy Design

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baker, Dana Lee; Miller, Audrey Anna; Bratton, Todd

    2015-01-01

    Promoting understanding of quality in the context of good governance can be a challenging classroom exercise not only because of the potential for hijacking politicization of the discussion, but also because of the variety of ways in which public sector goals can be defined, even in the context of a single policy. Standards of quality in the…

  3. E's Are Good: Standards of Quality in Public Administration as Reflected in Discourse on Canadian Public Policy Design

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baker, Dana Lee; Miller, Audrey Anna; Bratton, Todd

    2015-01-01

    Promoting understanding of quality in the context of good governance can be a challenging classroom exercise not only because of the potential for hijacking politicization of the discussion, but also because of the variety of ways in which public sector goals can be defined, even in the context of a single policy. Standards of quality in the…

  4. Bioavailability of ibuprofen following oral administration of standard ibuprofen, sodium ibuprofen or ibuprofen acid incorporating poloxamer in healthy volunteers

    PubMed Central

    2009-01-01

    Background The aim of this study was to compare the pharmacokinetic properties of sodium ibuprofen and ibuprofen acid incorporating poloxamer with standard ibuprofen acid tablets. Methods Twenty-two healthy volunteers were enrolled into this randomised, single-dose, 3-way crossover, open-label, single-centre, pharmacokinetic study. After 14 hours' fasting, participants received a single dose of 2 × 200 mg ibuprofen acid tablets (standard ibuprofen), 2 × 256 mg ibuprofen sodium dihydrate tablets (sodium ibuprofen; each equivalent to 200 mg ibuprofen acid) and 2 × 200 mg ibuprofen acid incorporating 60 mg poloxamer 407 (ibuprofen/poloxamer). A washout period of 2-7 days separated consecutive dosing days. On each of the 3 treatment days, blood samples were collected post dose for pharmacokinetic analyses and any adverse events recorded. Plasma concentration of ibuprofen was assessed using a liquid chromatographic-mass spectrometry procedure in negative ion mode. A standard statistical ANOVA model, appropriate for bioequivalence studies, was used and ratios of 90% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated. Results Tmax for sodium ibuprofen was less than half that of standard ibuprofen (median 35 min vs 90 min, respectively; P = 0.0002) and Cmax was significantly higher (41.47 μg/mL vs 31.88 μg/mL; ratio test/reference = 130.06%, 90% CI 118.86-142.32%). Ibuprofen/poloxamer was bioequivalent to the standard ibuprofen formulation, despite its Tmax being on average 20 minutes shorter than standard ibuprofen (median 75 mins vs 90 mins, respectively; P = 0.1913), as the ratio of test/reference = 110.48% (CI 100.96-120.89%), which fell within the 80-125% limit of the CPMP and FDA guidelines for bioequivalence. The overall extent of absorption was similar for the three formulations, which were all well tolerated. Conclusion In terms of Tmax, ibuprofen formulated as a sodium salt was absorbed twice as quickly as from standard ibuprofen acid. The addition of poloxamer to

  5. 76 FR 16000 - Voluntary Protection Programs Information; Extension of the Office of Management and Budget's...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-22

    ... prevent or control worksite safety and health hazards. Employers who qualify generally view OSHA standards...-evaluations for applicants/ participants subject to OSHA's Process Safety Management (PSM) Standard... AGENCY: Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), Labor. ACTION: Request for public comments...

  6. Training Course for Compliance Safety and Health Officers. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McKnight, A. James; And Others

    The report describes revision of the Compliance Safety and Health Officers (CSHO) course for the Department of Labor, Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA). The CSHO's job was analyzed in depth, in accord with OSHA standards, policies, and procedures. A listing of over 1,700 violations of OSHA standards was prepared, and specialists…

  7. Impact of developing a multidisciplinary coded dataset standard on administrative data accuracy for septoplasty, septorhinoplasty and nasal trauma surgery.

    PubMed

    Nouraei, S A R; Hudovsky, A; Virk, J S; Saleh, H A

    2017-04-01

    This study aimed to develop a multidisciplinary coded dataset standard for nasal surgery and to assess its impact on data accuracy. An audit of 528 patients undergoing septal and/or inferior turbinate surgery, rhinoplasty and/or septorhinoplasty, and nasal fracture surgery was undertaken. A total of 200 septoplasties, 109 septorhinoplasties, 57 complex septorhinoplasties and 116 nasal fractures were analysed. There were 76 (14.4 per cent) changes to the primary diagnosis. Septorhinoplasties were the most commonly amended procedures. The overall audit-related income change for nasal surgery was £8.78 per patient. Use of a multidisciplinary coded dataset standard revealed that nasal diagnoses were under-coded; a significant proportion of patients received more precise diagnoses following the audit. There was also significant under-coding of both morbidities and revision surgery. The multidisciplinary coded dataset standard approach can improve the accuracy of both data capture and information flow, and, thus, ultimately create a more reliable dataset for use outcomes and health planning.

  8. Training Marine Oil Spill Response Workers Under OSHA’s Hazardous Waste Operations and Emergency Response Standard

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2001-01-01

    This booklet, written for marine oil spill response employers, describes the training your employees need under HAZWOPER, the Hazardous Waste...stopping, containing, or recovering the spilled material from the release. For example, if you have workers who control an oil spill early in an

  9. Pharmacokinetics of 23-epi-26-deoxyactein in women after oral administration of a standardized extract of black cohosh.

    PubMed

    van Breemen, R B; Liang, W; Banuvar, S; Shulman, L P; Pang, Y; Tao, Y; Nikolic, D; Krock, K M; Fabricant, D S; Chen, S-N; Hedayat, S; Bolton, J L; Pauli, G F; Piersen, C E; Krause, E C; Geller, S E; Farnsworth, N R

    2010-02-01

    Dietary supplements containing black cohosh are alternatives to conventional hormone replacement therapy in menopause. This study investigates the maximum tolerated dose of a 75% ethanol extract of black cohosh and determines the pharmacokinetics of one of its most abundant triterpene glycosides, 23-epi-26-deoxyactein. Single doses of black cohosh extract containing 1.4, 2.8, or 5.6 mg of 23-epi-26-deoxyactein were administered to 15 healthy, menopausal women. Serial blood samples and 24-h urine samples were obtained; blood chemistry, hormonal levels, and 23-epi-26-deoxyactein levels were determined. No acute toxicity or estrogenic hormone effects were observed. Pharmacokinetic analyses of 23-epi-26-deoxyactein in sera indicated that the maximum concentration and area under the curve increased proportionately with dosage, and that the half-life was ~2 h for all dosages. Less than 0.01% of the 23-epi-26-deoxyactein was recovered in urine 24 h after administration. No phase I or phase II metabolites were observed either in clinical specimens or in vitro.

  10. Pharmacokinetics of 23-epi-26-deoxyactein in women following oral administration of a standardized extract of black cohosh

    PubMed Central

    van Breemen, Richard B.; Liang, Wenzhong; Banuvar, Suzanne; Shulman, Lee P.; Pang, Yan; Tao, Yi; Nikolic, Dejan; Fabricant, Daniel S.; Chen, Shao-Nong; Hedayat, Samad; Bolton, Judy L.; Pauli, Guido F.; Piersen, Colleen E.; Krause, Elizabeth C.; Geller, Stacie E.; Farnsworth, Norman R.

    2013-01-01

    Dietary supplements containing black cohosh are alternatives to conventional hormone replacement therapy. This study investigates the maximum tolerated dose of a 75% ethanol extract of black cohosh and determines the pharmacokinetics of one of its most abundant triterpene glycosides, 23-epi-26-deoxyactein. Single doses of black cohosh extract containing 1.4, 2.8, or 5.6 mg of 23-epi-26-deoxyactein were administered to three groups of five women each. Serial blood draws and 24 h urine samples were obtained; blood chemistries, hormonal levels, and 23-epi-26-deoxyactein levels were determined. No acute toxicity or estrogenic hormone effects were observed. Pharmacokinetic analysis of 23-epi-26-deoxyactein in serum indicated that the maximum concentration and area under the curve increased proportionately with dosage, and the half-life was approximately 2 h for all dosages. Less than 0.01% of the 23-epi-26-deoxyactein was recovered in urine 24 h after administration. No phase I or phase II metabolites were observed in clinical specimens or in vitro. PMID:20032972

  11. Potential advantages of cell administration on the inflammatory response compared to standard ACE inhibitor treatment in experimental myocardial infarction

    PubMed Central

    Ciulla, Michele M; Montelatici, Elisa; Ferrero, Stefano; Braidotti, Paola; Paliotti, Roberta; Annoni, Giuseppe; De Camilli, Elisa; Busca, Giuseppe; Chiappa, Luisa; Rebulla, Paolo; Magrini, Fabio; Lazzari, Lorenza

    2008-01-01

    Background Bone Marrow (BM) progenitor cells can target the site of myocardial injury, contributing to tissue repair by neovascolarization and/or by a possible direct paracrine effect on the inflammatory cascade. Angiotensin Converting Enzyme inhibitors (ACE-I) are effective in reducing mortality and preventing left ventricular (LV) function deterioration after myocardial infarction. Methods We investigated the short term effects of BM mononuclear cells (BMMNCs) therapy on the pro-inflammatory cytokines (pro-CKs) and on LV remodelling and compared these effects over a standard ACE-I therapy in a rat model of myocardial cryodamage. Forty two adult inbread Fisher-F344 rats were randomized into three groups: untreated (UT; n = 12), pharmacological therapy (ACE-I; n = 14, receiving quinapril), and cellular therapy (BMMNCs; n = 16, receiving BMMNCs infusion). Rats underwent to a standard echocardiogram in the acute setting and 14 days after the damage, before the sacrifice. Pro-CKs analysis (interleukin (IL)1β, IL-6, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)α was performed (multiplex proteome arrays) on blood samples obtained by direct aorta puncture before the sacrifice; a control group of 6 rats was considered as reference. Results Concerning the extension of the infarcted area as well as the LV dimensions, no differences were observed among the animal groups; treated rats had lower left atrial diameters and higher indexes of LV function. Pro-Cks were increased in infarcted-UT rats if compared with controls, and significantly reduced by BMMNCs and ACE-I ; TNFα inversely correlated with LV fractional shortening. Conclusion After myocardial infarction, both BMMNCs and ACE-I reduce the pattern of pro-Ck response, probably contributing to prevent the deterioration of LV function observed in UT rats. PMID:18549470

  12. Regulations implementing the Federal Coal Mine Health and Safety Act of 1969, as amended. Employment Standards Administration, Labor. Final rule.

    PubMed

    2000-12-20

    On January 22, 1997, the Department issued a proposed rule to amend the regulations implementing the Black Lung Benefits Act. 62 FR 3338-3435 (Jan. 22, 1997). When the comment period closed on August 21, 1997, the Department had received written submissions from almost 200 interested persons, including coal miners, coal mine operators, insurers, physicians, and attorneys. The Department also held hearings in Charleston, West Virginia, and Washington, D.C. at which over 50 people testified. The Department carefully reviewed the testimony and the comments and, on October 8, 1999, issued a second notice of proposed rulemaking. 64 FR 54966-55072 (Oct. 8, 1999). In its second notice, the Department proposed changing several of the most important provisions in its initial proposal. The Department also explained its decision not to alter the original proposal with respect to other key regulations based on the comments received to date. Finally, the Department prepared an initial regulatory flexibility analysis. In order to ensure that small businesses that could be affected by the Department's proposal received appropriate notice of the Department's proposed changes, the Department mailed a copy of the second notice of proposed rulemaking to all coal mine operators contained in the databases maintained by the Mine Safety and Health Administration. The Department initially allowed interested parties until December 7, 1999 to file comments to its second proposal, but extended that period until January 6, 2000. The Department received 37 written submissions before the close of the comment period, from groups representing both coal miners and coal mine operators. The Department also received comments from individual miners, various coal mining and insurance companies, as well as from claims processing organizations, attorneys, and various professional organizations. The Department has carefully reviewed all of the comments, and is issuing its final rule. The rule contains a

  13. Copy and recall performance of 6-8-year-old children after standard vs. Step-by-step administration of the Rey-Osterrieth complex figure.

    PubMed

    Frisk, Virginia; Jakobson, Lorna S; Knight, Rachel M; Robertson, Barbara

    2005-04-01

    The Rey-Osterrieth Complex Figure (ROCF; Rey 1941; Osterrieth, 1944) is frequently used in the neuropsychological assessment of children and adults. The present study was designed, in part, to examine the impact of providing organizational scaffolding to young children being tested with the ROCF. To this end, 6-, 7-, and 8-year-old children were administered the test either in the standard fashion, or using a format in which the 18 key elements of the figure were introduced sequentially. Participants included 132 children who were randomly assigned to the standard or step-by-step administration groups. Significantly higher accuracy and organization scores for both copy and recall were seen with the step-by-step format than with the standard format, even though children in the step-by-step condition took less time to execute their drawings. Retention of encoded information was not affected by age or testing format. The fact that 6-year-olds in the step-by-step condition performed as well as, or better than, 8-year-olds in the standard condition suggests that the primary problem young children experience with the ROCF lies with organizational strategy formation. Advantages of using the Step-by-step ROCF in clinical practice are discussed.

  14. The use of a knowledge translation program to increase use of standardized outcome measures in an outpatient pediatric physical therapy clinic: administrative case report.

    PubMed

    Schreiber, Joseph; Marchetti, Gregory F; Racicot, Brook; Kaminski, Ellen

    2015-04-01

    Pediatric physical therapists face many challenges related to the application of research evidence to clinical practice. A multicomponent knowledge translation (KT) program may be an effective strategy to support practice change. The purpose of this case report is to describe the use of a KT program to improve the knowledge and frequency of use of standardized outcome measures by pediatric physical therapists practicing in an outpatient clinic. This program occurred at a pediatric outpatient facility with 1 primary clinic and 3 additional satellite clinics, and a total of 17 physical therapists. The initial underlying problem was inconsistency across staff recommendations for frequency and duration of physical therapist services. Formal and informal discussion with the department administrator and staff identified a need for increased use of standardized outcome measures to inform these decisions. The KT program to address this need spanned 6 months and included identification of barriers, the use of a knowledge broker, multiple workshop and practice sessions, online and hard-copy resources, and ongoing evaluation of the KT program with dissemination of results to staff. Outcome measures included pre- and post-knowledge assessment and self-report surveys and chart review data on use of outcome measures. Participants (N=17) gained knowledge and increased the frequency of use of standardized outcome measures based on data from self-report surveys, a knowledge assessment, and chart reviews. Administrators and others interested in supporting practice change in physical therapy may consider implementing a systematic KT program that includes a knowledge broker, ongoing engagement with staff, and a variety of accessible resources. © 2015 American Physical Therapy Association.

  15. 78 FR 38388 - SGS North America, Inc. (Formerly SGS U.S. Testing Company, Inc.)

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-26

    ... by the NRTL to meet OSHA standards that require product testing and certification. The Agency....) AGENCY: Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), Labor. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: This notice... not longer than 10 pages, commenters may fax them to the OSHA Docket Office at (202) 693-1648. 3...

  16. [Trends in research and prevention policies for work-related musculoskeletal disorders at the European Agency for Safety and Health at Work (EU-OSHA)].

    PubMed

    Nakata, Minori

    2002-03-01

    The European Agency for Safety and Health at Work (EU-OSHA) has been working on matters related to occupational health problems in 15 European Union (EU) member states. EU-OSHA established 10 topic centers on work and health research in 1998. One of the topic centers is assigned for research and information on work-related musculoskeletal disorders. The present report is written because such activities of EU-OSHA are scarcely known in Japan. Work-related musculoskeletal disorders have become a very serious problem in EU member states, i.e., 30% of workers complain of backache, and 17% complain of muscular pains in their arms and legs. The affected workers not only suffer at work but also in their home life. The economic costs of all work-related ill health range from 2.6 to 3.8% of the gross national product, and work-related musculoskeletal disorders constitute 40-50% of this. Therefore EU member states consider that prevention of work-related musculoskeletal disorders in itself is an extremely good economic policy. EU-OSHA published "Work-related neck and upper limb musculoskeletal disorders" in 1999, and "Research on work-related low back disorders" in 2000. These publications suggest various preventive methods which can be introduced in practice at work. One of the most remarkable things in EU-OSHA's activities for work-related musculoskeletal disorders is that EU-OSHA has been trying hard to introduce the results of its research into real policies for EU member states by several means, i.e., held a seminar participated in by policy makers, representatives of trade unions, and researchers from EU member states, and sent seminar resolutions to politicians who are responsible for employment and social affairs. Finally the resolution has been adopted in a new social affairs policy by the EU parliament and will be put into force during 2002. Work-related musculoskeletal disorders will remain one of the most serious occupational problems in EU member states, and EU-OSHA

  17. 76 FR 8778 - Construction Standards on Posting Emergency Telephone Numbers and Floor Load Limits; Extension of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-15

    ... Floor Load Limits; Extension of the Office of Management and Budget's (OMB) Approval of Information... extend OMB approval of the information collection requirements specified by the Construction Standards on... for the Information Collection Request (ICR) (OSHA-2011- 0032). All comments, including any personal...

  18. Engineering Administration.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Naval Personnel Program Support Activity, Washington, DC.

    This book is intended to acquaint naval engineering officers with their duties in the engineering department. Standard shipboard organizations are analyzed in connection with personnel assignments, division operations, and watch systems. Detailed descriptions are included for the administration of directives, ship's bills, damage control, training…

  19. Compliance of SLAC_s Laser Safety Program with OSHA Requirements for the Control of Hazardous Energy

    SciTech Connect

    Woods, Michael; /SLAC

    2009-01-15

    SLAC's COHE program requires compliance with OSHA Regulation 29CFR1910.147, 'The control of hazardous energy (lockout/tagout)'. This regulation specifies lockout/tagout requirements during service and maintenance of equipment in which the unexpected energization or start up of the equipment, or release of stored energy, could cause injury to workers. Class 3B and Class 4 laser radiation must be considered as hazardous energy (as well as electrical energy in associated equipment, and other non-beam energy hazards) in laser facilities, and therefore requires careful COHE consideration. This paper describes how COHE is achieved at SLAC to protect workers against unexpected Class 3B or Class 4 laser radiation, independent of whether the mode of operation is normal, service, or maintenance.

  20. Systemic and cerebral exposure to and pharmacokinetics of flavonols and terpene lactones after dosing standardized Ginkgo biloba leaf extracts to rats via different routes of administration

    PubMed Central

    Chen, Feng; Li, Li; Xu, Fang; Sun, Yan; Du, Feifei; Ma, Xutao; Zhong, Chenchun; Li, Xiuxue; Wang, Fengqing; Zhang, Nating; Li, Chuan

    2013-01-01

    BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Flavonols and terpene lactones are putatively responsible for the properties of Ginkgo biloba leaf extracts that relate to prevention and treatment of cardiovascular disease and cerebral insufficiency. Here, we characterized rat systemic and cerebral exposure to these ginkgo compounds after dosing, as well as the compounds’ pharmacokinetics. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH Rats received single or multiple doses of ShuXueNing injection (prepared from GBE50 for intravenous administration) or GBE50 (a standardized extract of G. biloba leaves for oral administration). Brain delivery of the ginkgo compounds was assessed with microdialysis. Various rat samples were analysed using liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry. KEY RESULTS Slow terminal elimination features of the flavonols counterbalanced the influence of poor oral bioavailability on their systemic exposure levels, which also resulted in significant accumulation of the compounds in plasma during the subchronic treatment with ShuXueNing injection and GBE50. Unlike the flavonols, the terpene lactones had poor enterohepatic circulation due to their rapid renal excretion and unknown metabolism. The flavonol glycosides occurred as major forms in plasma after dosing with ShuXueNing injection, while the flavonol aglycone conjugates were predominant in plasma after dosing with GBE50. Cerebral exposure was negligible for the flavonols and low for the terpene lactones. CONCLUSION AND IMPLICATIONS Unlike the significant systemic exposure levels, the levels of cerebral exposure to the flavonols and terpene lactones are low. The elimination kinetic differences between the two classes of ginkgo compounds influence their relative systemic exposure levels. The information gained is relevant to linking ginkgo administration to the medicinal effects. PMID:23808355

  1. A trial on the quantitative risk assessment of man-made mineral fibers by the rat intraperitoneal administration assay using the JFM standard fibrous samples.

    PubMed

    Adachi, S; Kawamura, K; Takemoto, K

    2001-04-01

    We tried to evaluate the carcinogenic risk of man-made mineral fiber based on the mesothelioma incidence in female F344 rats after intraperitoneal administration. Rats (female F344/ Nslc, 5-week-old, n=330) were observed for 2 years after the intraperitoneal administration of 5 to 20 mg of 9 types of the JFM (Japan Fibrous Material Research Association) standard fiber samples (glass wool, rock wool, micro fiber glass, three types of refractory fiber, potassium titanate whisker, silicon carbide whisker, titanium oxide whisker), wollastonite (natural fiber) and UICC chrysotile B. All rats administered 10 mg of silicon carbide whisker had developed peritoneal mesothelioma within a year. The cumulative incidence of peritoneal mesothelioma at the end of the experiment was 85% for 10 mg UICC chrysotile B, 77% for 10 mg of potassium titanate whisker, 70% for 5 mg of silicon carbide whisker, 20% for 5 mg of potassium titanate whisker, 20% for 20 mg of refractory fiber 2 and 10% for 20 mg of refractory fiber 1. Carcinogenicity was estimated 2.4 times for silicon carbide whisker and 0.23 for potassium titanate whisker in comparison with UICC chrysotile B. It has been well documented from several experimental studies that man-made fibers are safer than asbestos because of the different durability in the lung. Present results consistently suggest that man-made fibers with high durability have similar or higher risk as carcinogen than asbestos.

  2. HIPAA administrative simplification: modifications to medical data code set standards to adopt ID-10-CM and ICD-10-PCS. Final rule.

    PubMed

    2009-01-16

    This final rule adopts modifications to two of the code set standards adopted in the Transactions and Code Sets final rule published in the Federal Register pursuant to certain provisions of the Administrative Simplification subtitle of the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA). Specifically, this final rule modifies the standard medical data code sets (hereinafter "code sets") for coding diagnoses and inpatient hospital procedures by concurrently adopting the International Classification of Diseases, 10th Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-10-CM) for diagnosis coding, including the Official ICD-10-CM Guidelines for Coding and Reporting, as maintained and distributed by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), hereinafter referred to as ICD-10-CM, and the International Classification of Diseases, 10th Revision, Procedure Coding System (ICD-10-PCS) for inpatient hospital procedure coding, including the Official ICD-10-PCS Guidelines for Coding and Reporting, as maintained and distributed by the HHS, hereinafter referred to as ICD-10-PCS. These new codes replace the International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision, Clinical Modification, Volumes 1 and 2, including the Official ICD-9-CM Guidelines for Coding and Reporting, hereinafter referred to as ICD-9-CM Volumes 1 and 2, and the International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision, Clinical Modification, Volume 3, including the Official ICD-9-CM Guidelines for Coding and Reporting, hereinafter referred to as ICD-9-CM Volume 3, for diagnosis and procedure codes, respectively.

  3. RMP Guidance for Chemical Distributors - Appendix D: OSHA Guidance on PSM

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    Guidance on the Process Safety Management standard says information (including MSDS) about chemicals, including process intermediates, must enable accurate assessment of fire/explosion characteristics, reactivity hazards, and corrosing/erosion effects.

  4. The Veterans Administration's Asbestos Abatement Program

    SciTech Connect

    Schepers, G.W. )

    1991-12-31

    The Veterans Administration has developed a program of asbestos abatement for its more than 1000 buildings, where health care personnel from 173 hospitals and 238 ambulatory care clinics are likely to encounter respirable asbestos. This is a costly program, which has averaged about $25 million annually for the past ten years. The VA has banned the use of new asbestos products containing more than 1% of asbestos in building construction or renovation projects. Industrial hygiene engineering programs have been ordered instituted at all VA medical centers to monitor dust levels in compliance with OSHA and EPA requirements. Health surveillance programs, managed by an environmental health physician at each medical center, have been instituted for all personnel who have been identified to have breathed asbestos fibers in excess of OSHA-EPA threshold limit values. The health care program focuses on the identification of asbestosis and asbestos-related cancer through periodic X-ray films, lung function tests, and electrocardiographic and physical examination screening. The program also stresses cessation of smoking.

  5. 78 FR 33860 - Crawler, Locomotive, and Truck Cranes Standard; Extension of the Office of Management and Budget...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-05

    .... OSHA-2010-0015] Crawler, Locomotive, and Truck Cranes Standard; Extension of the Office of Management..., Locomotive, and Truck cranes (29 CFR 1910.180). DATES: Comments must be submitted (postmarked, sent, or... it. The purpose of each of these requirements is to prevent workers from using unsafe cranes and...

  6. Assisting New York dairy farms with preparing for OSHA safety inspections.

    PubMed

    Tinc, Pamela J; Carrabba, Jim; Meyerhoff, Anna; Horsman, Melissa

    2017-09-27

    In 2013, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration announced a Local Emphasis Program targeted at New York farmers. This program involved random inspections of dairy farms across the state. This editorial provides an overview of the efforts made in New York to prepare farmers for these inspections. As a result of this program launch, several safety services offered by the New York Center for Agricultural Medicine and Health were significantly impacted, and required expansion and modification in order to meet the needs of New York farmers.

  7. OSHA medical and workplace surveillance requirements and NIOSH recommendations (for employees exposed to toxic substances and other work hazards)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Cooper, L. P.

    1983-01-01

    Both OSHA medical and work place surveillance requirements and NIOSH recommendations were prepared as a desk reference to help occupational health professionals to perform their duties. The medical surveillance information focuses on frequency of physical examinations, specific problems that may arise as a result of exposure (e.g., decreased immunocompetence, weight loss, ets.), conditions that intensify the harmful effects of exposure (e.g., medication an exposed employee may be taking, cigarette smoking, etc.), the areas that should be scrutinized in medical and work histories and during the physical exam, and specific clinical tests that should be conducted. Recordkeeping requirements are also specified. The workplace surveillance information consists of monitoring requirements, personal protective equipment requirements, and recordkeeping requirements. Such details as the sampling devices that should be used, the type of respirators that should be worn, and the frequency of inspections are included. This document does not specify the training, labeling and posting, and safe work practice requirements and recommendations due to space considerations.

  8. Anti-allergic effect of intranasal administration of type-A procyanidin polyphenols based standardized extract of cinnamon bark in ovalbumin sensitized BALB/c mice.

    PubMed

    Aswar, Urmila M; Kandhare, Amit D; Mohan, Vishwaraman; Thakurdesai, Prasad A

    2015-03-01

    The objective of the present work was to evaluate anti-allergic effects of intranasal administration of type-A procynidines polyphenols (TAPP) based standardized hydroalcoholic extract of Cinnamomum zeylanicum bark (TAPP-CZ) in ovalbumin (OVA)-induced experimental allergic rhinitis (AR) in BALB/c mice. Sixty male BALB/c mice were divided into six groups of ten each (G1-G6). The mice from G1 were nonsensitized and maintained as normal group. Remaining mice (G2-G6) were sensitized with OVA (500 μL solution, intraperitoneal) on alternate days for 13 days and had twice daily intranasal treatment from day 14-21 as follows: G2 (AR control) received saline, G3 (positive control, XLY) received xylometazoline (0.5 mg/mL, 20 μL/nostril) and G4-G6 received TAPP-CZ (3, 10 and 30 µg/kg in nostril), respectively. On day 21, mice were challenged with OVA (5 μL/nostril, 5% solution) and assessments (nasal signs, biochemical and histopathological) were performed. Treatment with TAPP-CZ (10 and 30 µg/kg in nostril) showed significant attenuation in OVA-induced alterations of the nasal (number of nasal rubbing and sneezing), biochemical markers (serum IgE and histamine), haematological, morphological (relative organ weight of spleen and lung) and histopathological (nasal mucosa and spleen) parameters. In conclusion, TAPP-CZ showed anti-allergic efficacy in animal model of AR. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  9. Accidental needle sticks, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, and the fallacy of public policy.

    PubMed

    Wolf, Bruce L; Marks, Albert; Fahrenholz, John M

    2006-07-01

    Current Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) guidelines mandate the use of safety needles when allergy injections are given. Safety needles for intradermal testing remain optional. Whether safety needles reduce the number of accidental needle sticks (ANSs) in the outpatient setting has yet to be proven. To determine the rate of ANSs with new (safety) needles vs old needles used in allergy immunotherapy and intradermal testing. Allergy practices from 22 states were surveyed by e-mail. Seventy practices (28%) responded to the survey. Twice as many ANSs occurred in practices giving immunotherapy when using new needles vs old needles (P < .01). The rate of ANSs was roughly the same for intradermal testing with new needles vs old needles. These findings further question whether OSHA's guidelines for safety needle use in outpatient practice need revision and if allergy practices might be excluded from the requirement to use safety needles.

  10. Tobacco Industry Efforts to Defeat the Occupational Safety and Health Administration Indoor Air Quality Rule

    PubMed Central

    Bryan-Jones, Katherine; Bero, Lisa A.

    2003-01-01

    Objectives. We describe tobacco industry strategies to defeat the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) Indoor Air Quality rule and the implementation of those strategies. Methods. We analyzed tobacco industry documents, public commentary on, and media coverage of the OSHA rule. Results. The tobacco industry had 5 strategies: (1) maintain scientific debate about the basis of the rule, (2) delay deliberation on the rule, (3) redefine the scope of the rule, (4) recruit and assist labor and business organizations in opposing the rule, and (5) increase media coverage of the tobacco industry position. The tobacco industry successfully implemented all 5 strategies. Conclusions. Our findings suggest that regulatory authorities must take into account the source, motivation, and validity of arguments used in the regulatory process in order to make accurately informed decisions. PMID:12660202

  11. Prevalence of workers with shifts in hearing by industry: a comparison of OSHA and NIOSH Hearing Shift Criteria.

    PubMed

    Masterson, Elizabeth A; Sweeney, Marie Haring; Deddens, James A; Themann, Christa L; Wall, David K

    2014-04-01

    The purpose of this study was to compare the prevalence of workers with National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health significant threshold shifts (NSTS), Occupational Safety and Health Administration standard threshold shifts (OSTS), and with OSTS with age correction (OSTS-A), by industry using North American Industry Classification System codes. From 2001 to 2010, worker audiograms were examined. Prevalence and adjusted prevalence ratios for NSTS were estimated by industry. NSTS, OSTS, and OSTS-A prevalences were compared by industry. Twenty percent of workers had an NSTS, 14% had an OSTS, and 6% had an OSTS-A. For most industries, the OSTS and OSTS-A criteria identified 28% to 36% and 66% to 74% fewer workers than the NSTS criteria, respectively. Use of NSTS criteria allowing for earlier detection of shifts in hearing is recommended for improved prevention of occupational hearing loss.

  12. Prevalence of Workers with Shifts in Hearing by Industry: A Comparison of OSHA and NIOSH Hearing Shift Criteria

    PubMed Central

    Masterson, Elizabeth A.; Sweeney, Marie Haring; Deddens, James A.; Themann, Christa L.; Wall, David K.

    2015-01-01

    Objective The purpose of this study was to compare the prevalence of workers with National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health significant threshold shifts (NSTS), Occupational Safety and Health Administration standard threshold shifts (OSTS), and with OSTS with age correction (OSTS-A), by industry using North American Industry Classification System codes. Methods 2001-2010 worker audiograms were examined. Prevalence and adjusted prevalence ratios for NSTS were estimated by industry. NSTS, OSTS and OSTS-A prevalences were compared by industry. Results 20% of workers had an NSTS, 14% had an OSTS and 6% had an OSTS-A. For most industries, the OSTS and OSTS-A criteria identified 28-36% and 66-74% fewer workers than the NSTS criteria, respectively. Conclusions Use of NSTS criteria allowing for earlier detection of shifts in hearing is recommended for improved prevention of occupational hearing loss. PMID:24662953

  13. Implantation of an ergonomics administration system in a company: report of an occupational therapist specialist in ergonomics.

    PubMed

    Moraes, Berla; Andrade, Valéria Sousa

    2012-01-01

    This article aims to describe step-by-step the implementation of an ergonomics administration system in a company from March 2009 till March 2011 by an occupational therapist specialist in ergonomics based on the OSHAS 18001 guidelines and the Regulatory Norms 17 manual. The process began with the definition of five requisites with bases on the manual of application of the Regulatory Norms 17: survey; materials individual transportation and discharge; workplace furniture; workplace equipments; work environment and organization of the work to be managed with bases on the OSHAS 18001 guidelines. The following steps were established: sensitization of the company high administration, elaboration and institution of an ergonomics politics, development of ergonomics committees, ergonomics analysis of the work with recommendation of ergonomic improvements, implantation of improvements and evaluation or the results. This research experiment suggests the importance not only of a guiding axle but also of a professional qualification and participation of the company on the implementation of an ergonomics management system.

  14. Administrators: Nursing Home Administrator

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kahl, Anne

    1976-01-01

    Responsibilities, skills needed, training needed, earnings, employment outlook, and sources of additional information are outlined for the administrator who holds the top management job in a nursing home. (JT)

  15. How Principals Learn to Lead: The Comparative Influence of On-the-Job Experiences, Administrator Credential Programs, and the ISLLC Standards in the Development of Leadership Expertise among Urban Public School Principals

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davis, Stephen H.; Leon, Ronald J.; Fultz, Miriam

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the comparative influence of college administrator credential programs, on-the-job experiences, and the ISLLC Standards in the development of leadership expertise among urban public school principals. An exploratory, ex-post-facto research design used both quantitative and qualitative approaches. A survey…

  16. Texas High School Seniors: The Path of Students Who Fail the First Administration of End of Course Exams and Eventually Meet Standard and Graduate

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nanez, Lilia G.

    2015-01-01

    This qualitative phenomenological research study investigated Texas high school seniors who failed the initial administration of the End of Course (EOC) exams required for graduation but succeeded upon subsequent test administration. The four questions that guided the research explored the experienced regarding the EOC exams by identifying which…

  17. Texas High School Seniors: The Path of Students Who Fail the First Administration of End of Course Exams and Eventually Meet Standard and Graduate

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nanez, Lilia G.

    2015-01-01

    This qualitative phenomenological research study investigated Texas high school seniors who failed the initial administration of the End of Course (EOC) exams required for graduation but succeeded upon subsequent test administration. The four questions that guided the research explored the experienced regarding the EOC exams by identifying which…

  18. Survey on National Standards on Paper and Ink to Be Used by the Administration for Records Creation: A RAMP Study with Guidelines.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thomas, D. L.

    Undertaken as the result of an International Council on Archives (ICA) recommendation to collect, disseminate, and keep updated a corpus of national standards relevant to records and archives management, this report is based on a survey for a proposed RAMP (Records and Archives Management Programme) study on national standards, the British…

  19. Learning and recall of Worker Protection Standard (WPS) training in vineyard workers.

    PubMed

    Anger, W Kent; Patterson, Lindsey; Fuchs, Martha; Will, Liliana L; Rohlman, Diane S

    2009-01-01

    Worker Protection Standard (WPS) training is one of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) primary methods for preventing pesticide exposure in agricultural workers. Retention of the knowledge from the training may occasionally be tested by state Occupational Safety and Health Administrations (state OSHAs) during a site visit, but anecdotal evidence suggests that there is no consistent testing of knowledge after WPS training. EPA's retraining requirements are at 5-year intervals, meaning the knowledge must be retained for that long. Vineyard workers completed a test of their baseline WPS knowledge, computer-based training on WPS, a post-test immediately after training and a re-test 5 months later. Pre-test performance suggested that there was a relatively high level of baseline knowledge of WPS information on two-answer multiple choice tests (74% to 75%) prior to training. Training increased the knowledge to 85% on the post-test with the same questions, a significant increase (p < .001, 1-tailed) and a large effect size (d) of .90. Re-test performance (78%) at 5 months revealed a return towards but not back to the pre-test levels. Better test performance was significantly correlated with higher education and to a lesser extent with younger ages. Whether this level of knowledge is sufficient to protect agricultural workers remains an open question, although an increase in the proportion of people in a work group who know the critical WPS information may be the most important impact of training.

  20. Leadership Matters: Supporting Administrators through First Year Implementation of a Standards-Based Evaluation System in a Small Urban School District

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Esmont, Leah W.

    2014-01-01

    Education policymakers at the national level have initiated reforms in K-12 education for that past several years that have focused on teacher quality and teacher evaluation. More recently, reforms have included legislation that focuses on administrator quality as well. Included in far-reaching recent legislation in Arizona is a requirement that…

  1. TUESDAY: U.S. EPA Administrator and UFW President will Tour Lodi, Calif. Farm, Discuss Enhanced Worker Protection Standard with Farm Workers

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    SAN FRANCISCO - On Tuesday, October 20th, U.S. EPA Administrator Gina McCarthy and United Farm Workers of America (UFW) president, Arturo Rodriguez, will participate in a farm tour and a meeting with farm workers at Pacific Triple E Farm to discuss

  2. NEW LOCATION!! TUESDAY: U.S. EPA Administrator and UFW President will tour Stockton, Calif. farm, discuss enhanced Worker Protection Standard with farm workers

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    SAN FRANCISCO - On Tuesday, October 20th, U.S. EPA Administrator Gina McCarthy and United Farm Workers of America (UFW) president, Arturo Rodriguez, will participate in a farm tour and a meeting with farm workers at Pacific Triple E Farm to discuss

  3. Leadership Matters: Supporting Administrators through First Year Implementation of a Standards-Based Evaluation System in a Small Urban School District

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Esmont, Leah W.

    2014-01-01

    Education policymakers at the national level have initiated reforms in K-12 education for that past several years that have focused on teacher quality and teacher evaluation. More recently, reforms have included legislation that focuses on administrator quality as well. Included in far-reaching recent legislation in Arizona is a requirement that…

  4. Occupational Safety and Health Administration--Access to employee exposure and medical records. Final rule.

    PubMed

    1980-05-23

    This final occupational safety and health standard, promulgated today as a revised 29 CFR 1910.20, provides for employee, designated representative, and OSHA access to employer-maintained exposure and medical records relevant to employees exposed to toxic substances and harmful physical agents. Access is also assured to employer analyses using exposure and medical records. The final standard requires long term preservation of these records, contains provisions concerning informing employees of their rights under the standard, and includes provisions protective of trade secret information.

  5. Agricultural Education and OSHA

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Ronald A.

    1974-01-01

    Agriculture teachers should be interested in and become familiar with the implications of the Williams-Steiger Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 for their own benefit, for their students, and for their students' future employers. (AG)

  6. 36 CFR 34.6 - Fires.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... administrative site shall comply with applicable standards prescribed by the National Fire Codes, Federal OSHA, CAL OSHA and other applicable laws, regulations and standards. ... order is prohibited. Such spark arrestor shall also meet either the USDA Forest Service Standard 5100-1a...

  7. From agricultural fields to urban asphalt: the role of worker education to promote California's heat illness prevention standard.

    PubMed

    Riley, Kevin; Delp, Linda; Cornelio, Deogracia; Jacobs, Sarah

    2012-01-01

    This article describes an innovative approach to reach and educate workers and worker advocates about California's outdoor heat illness prevention standard. In 2010, Cal/OSHA initiated a statewide education campaign to reduce heat-related illnesses and fatalities and increase awareness of the standard's requirements. In Southern California, the UCLA Labor Occupational Safety and Health Program (LOSH) focused on three principal strategies of community-based outreach, popular education, and organizational capacity building. Central to the LOSH approach was the integration of health promotores into core program planning and training activities and the expansion of campaign activities to a wide variety of rural and urban workers. We describe each of these strategies and analyze the possibilities and constraints of worker education to support implementation of this standard, particularly given the vulnerabilities of the impacted workforce, the often precarious nature of employment arrangements for these workers, and the resource limitations of Cal/OSHA.

  8. Standard of care: the legal view.

    PubMed

    Curley, Arthur W; Peltier, Bruce

    2014-01-01

    The standard of care is a legal construct, a line defined by juries, based on expert testimony, marking a point where treatment failed to meet expectations for what a reasonable professional would have done. There is no before-the-fact objective definition of this standard, except for cases of law and regulation, such as the Occupational Safety and Health Admintration (OSHA). Practitioners must use their judgment in determining what would be acceptable should a case come to trial. Professional codes of conduct and acting in the patient's best interests are helpful guides to practicing within the standard of care. Continuing education credit is available for this and the following article together online at www.dentalethics.org for those who wish to complete the quiz and exercises associated with them (see Course 22).

  9. National Crime Information Center Mandatory Minimum Standards Curriculum for Full Access Terminal Operators. Volume One--Administrative Issues, Policy and the Interstate Identification Index.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Federal Bureau of Investigation, Washington, DC. National Crime Information Center.

    This document is the first volume of a two-volume set of lesson plans which together make up a complete training package for full-service terminal operators. The lesson plans are designed to ensure that a state's National Crime Information Center (NCIC) training program meets Advisory Policy Board standards. (NCIC is a nationwide computerized…

  10. Perceptions of Teacher and Administrators in a Massachusetts Suburban School District regarding the Implementation of a Standards-Based Teacher Evaluation System

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Doherty, John F.

    2009-01-01

    Teacher evaluation systems have tremendous potential in helping teachers grow in their profession. A standards-based teacher evaluation system with a rubric and multiple sources of data has the potential to create a collaborative environment that focuses on the continuous improvement of each teacher in the district. This ultimately leads to an…

  11. Perceptions of Teacher and Administrators in a Massachusetts Suburban School District regarding the Implementation of a Standards-Based Teacher Evaluation System

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Doherty, John F.

    2009-01-01

    Teacher evaluation systems have tremendous potential in helping teachers grow in their profession. A standards-based teacher evaluation system with a rubric and multiple sources of data has the potential to create a collaborative environment that focuses on the continuous improvement of each teacher in the district. This ultimately leads to an…

  12. Serological response to administration of Brucella abortus strain RB51 vaccine in beef and dairy heifers, using needle-free and standard needle-based injection systems

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    The purpose of this study was to compare immunologic responses of heifers vaccinated with 10**10 colony-forming units (CFU) of Brucella abortus strain RB51 (SRB51) by standard needle-and-syringe system or a needle-free injection system. Heifers were randomly assigned to control and vaccination gro...

  13. Expanded Occupational Safety and Health Administration 300 log as metric for bariatric patient-handling staff injuries.

    PubMed

    Randall, Stephen B; Pories, Walter J; Pearson, Amy; Drake, Daniel J

    2009-01-01

    Mobilization of morbidly obese patients poses significant physical challenges to healthcare providers. The purpose of this study was to examine the staff injuries associated with the patient handling of the obese, to describe a process for identifying injuries associated with their mobilization, and to report on the need for safer bariatric patient handling. We performed our study at a 761-bed, level 1 trauma center affiliated with a U.S. medical school. The hospital's Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) 300 log was expanded to the "E-OSHA 300 log" to specifically identify injuries the staff attributed to bariatric patient handling. The 2007 E-OSHA 300 log was analyzed to identify and describe the frequency, severity, and nature of bariatric versus nonbariatric patient handling injuries. The analyses revealed that during 2007, although patients with a body mass index of > or =35 kg/m(2) constituted <10% of our patient population, 29.8% of staff injuries related to patient handling were linked to working with a bariatric patient. Bariatric patient handling accounted for 27.9% of all lost workdays and 37.2% of all restricted workdays associated with patient handling. Registered nurses and nursing assistants accounted for 80% of the injuries related to bariatric patient handling. Turning and repositioning the patient in bed accounted for 31% of the injuries incurred. The E-OSHA 300 log narratives revealed that staff injuries associated with obese and nonobese patient handling were usually performed using biomechanics and not equipment. Manual mobilization of morbidly obese patients increases the risk of caregiver injury. A tracking indicator on the OSHA 300 logs for staff injury linked to a bariatric patient would provide the ability to compare obese and nonobese patient handling injuries. The E-OSHA 300 log provides a method to identify the frequency, severity, and nature of caregiver injury during mobilization of the obese. Understanding the

  14. Bayesian estimation of the accuracy of ICD-9-CM- and CPT-4-based algorithms to identify cholecystectomy procedures in administrative data without a reference standard.

    PubMed

    Jafarzadeh, S Reza; Warren, David K; Nickel, Katelin B; Wallace, Anna E; Fraser, Victoria J; Olsen, Margaret A

    2016-03-01

    To estimate the accuracy of two algorithms to identify cholecystectomy procedures using International Classification of Diseases, 9th Edition, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM) and Current Procedural Terminology (CPT-4) codes in administrative data. Private insurer medical claims for 30 853 patients 18-64 years with an inpatient hospitalization between 2006 and 2010, as indicated by providers/facilities place of service in addition to room and board charges, were cross-classified according to the presence of codes for cholecystectomy. The accuracy of ICD-9-CM- and CPT-4-based algorithms was estimated using a Bayesian latent class model. The sensitivity and specificity were 0.92 [probability interval (PI): 0.92, 0.92] and 0.99 (PI: 0.97, 0.99) for ICD-9-CM-, and 0.93 (PI: 0.92, 0.93) and 0.99 (PI: 0.97, 0.99) for CPT-4-based algorithms, respectively. The parallel-joint scheme, where positivity of either algorithm was considered a positive outcome, yielded a sensitivity and specificity of 0.99 (PI: 0.99, 0.99) and 0.97 (PI: 0.95, 0.99), respectively. Both ICD-9-CM- and CPT-4-based algorithms had high sensitivity to identify cholecystectomy procedures in administrative data when used individually and especially in a parallel-joint approach. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  15. Bayesian estimation of the accuracy of ICD-9-CM- and CPT-4-based algorithms to identify cholecystectomy procedures in administrative data without a reference standard

    PubMed Central

    Jafarzadeh, S. Reza; Warren, David K.; Nickel, Katelin B.; Wallace, Anna E.; Fraser, Victoria J.; Olsen, Margaret A.

    2015-01-01

    Purpose To estimate the accuracy of two algorithms to identify cholecystectomy procedures using International Classification of Diseases, 9th Edition, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM) and Current Procedural Terminology (CPT-4) codes in administrative data. Methods Private insurer medical claims for 30,853 patients 18–64 years with an inpatient hospitalization between 2006 and 2010, as indicated by providers/facilities place of service in addition to room and board charges, were cross-classified according to the presence of codes for cholecystectomy. The accuracy of ICD-9-CM- and CPT-4-based algorithms was estimated using a Bayesian latent class model. Results The sensitivity and specificity were 0.92 [probability interval (PI): 0.92, 0.92] and 0.99 (PI: 0.97, 0.99) for ICD-9-CM-, and 0.93 (PI: 0.92, 0.93) and 0.99 (PI: 0.97, 0.99) for CPT-4-based algorithms, respectively. The parallel-joint scheme, where positivity of either algorithm was considered a positive outcome, yielded a sensitivity and specificity of 0.99 (PI: 0.99, 0.99) and 0.97 (PI: 0.95, 0.99), respectively. Conclusions Both ICD-9-CM- and CPT-4-based algorithms had high sensitivity to identify cholecystectomy procedures in administrative data when used individually and especially in a parallel-joint approach. PMID:26349484

  16. Progress and goals for INMM ASC N15 consensus standard ""Administrative practices for the determination and reporting of results of non-destructive assay measurements of nuclear material in situ for safeguards nuclear criticality safety and other purposes

    SciTech Connect

    Bracken, David S; Lamb, Frank W

    2009-01-01

    This paper will discuss the goals and progress to date on the development of INMM Accredited Standard Committee (ASC) N15 consensus standard Administrative Practices for the Determination and Reporting of Results of Non-Destructive Assay Measurements of Nuclear Material in situ for Safeguards, Nuclear Criticality Safety, and Other Purposes. This standard will define administrative practices in the areas of data generation and reporting of NDA assay of holdup deposits with consideration of the stakeholders of the reported results. These stakeholders may include nuclear material accounting and safeguards, nuclear criticality safety, waste management, health physics, facility characterization, authorization basis, radiation safety, and site licensing authorities. Stakeholder input will be solicited from interested parties and incorporated during the development of the document. Currently only one consensus standard exists that explicitly deals with NDA holdup measurements: ASTM C1455 Standard Test Method for Nondestructive Assay of Special Nuclear Material Holdup Using Gamma-Ray Spectroscopic Methods. The ASTM International standard emphasizes the activities involved in actually making measurements, and was developed by safeguards and NDA experts. This new INMM ASC N15 standard will complement the existing ASTM international standard. One of the largest driving factors for writing this new standard was the recent emphasis on in situ NDA measurements by the safeguards community due to the Defense Nuclear Facility Safety Board (DNFSB) recommendation 2007-1 on in situ NDA measurements. Specifically, DNFSB recommendation 2007-1 referenced the lack of programmatic requirements for accurate in situ measurements and the use of measurement results for compliance with safety based requirements. That being the case, this paper will also discuss the progress made on the Implementation Plan for Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board Recommendation 2007-1 Safety-Related In Situ

  17. Is heart period variability associated with the administration of lifesaving interventions in individual prehospital trauma patients with normal standard vital signs?

    PubMed

    Rickards, Caroline A; Ryan, Kathy L; Ludwig, David A; Convertino, Victor A

    2010-08-01

    To determine whether heart period variability provides added value in identifying the need for lifesaving interventions (LSI) in individual trauma patients with normal standard vital signs upon early medical assessment. Retrospective database review. Helicopter transport to Level 1 trauma center and first 24 hrs of in-hospital care. Prehospital trauma patients requiring helicopter transport to Level 1 trauma center. Heart period variability was analyzed from electrocardiographic recordings collected from 159 prehospital trauma patients with normal standard vital signs (32 LSI patients, 127 No-LSI patients). Although 13 of the electrocardiogram derived metrics demonstrated simple (i.e., univariate) discrimination between groups, at the multivariate level, only fractal dimension by curve length (FD-L) was uniquely associated with group membership (LSI vs. No-LSI, p = .0004). Whereas the area under the receiver operating characteristics curve for FD-L was 0.70, the overall correct classification rate (true positives and true negatives) of 82% was only 2% higher than the baseline prediction rate of 80% (i.e., no information except for the known proportion of overall No-LSI cases, 127 of 159 patients). Furthermore, 84% of the individual FD-L values for the LSI group were within the range of the No-LSI group. Only FD-L was uniquely able to distinguish patient groups based on mean values when standard vital signs were normal. However, the accuracy of FD-L in distinguishing between patients was only slightly better than the baseline prediction rate. There was also very high overlap of individual heart period variability values between groups, so many LSI patients could be incorrectly classified as not requiring an LSI if a single heart period variability value was used as a triage tool. Based on this analysis, heart period variability seems to have limited value for prediction of LSIs in prehospital trauma patients with normal standard vital signs.

  18. Efficacy of twice-daily rabeprazole for reflux esophagitis patients refractory to standard once-daily administration of PPI: the Japan-based TWICE study.

    PubMed

    Kinoshita, Yoshikazu; Hongo, Michio

    2012-04-01

    Approximately 10% of patients with reflux esophagitis (RE) are not cured with the standard 8-week q.d. regimen with a proton pump inhibitor (PPI). Thus, b.i.d. dosing is often used in refractory RE (rRE) patients, although there has been no report of endoscopically confirmed healing with b.i.d. dosing of PPIs. This study aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of 8-week therapy with rabeprazole (RPZ) sodium at 20 mg b.i.d. or 10 mg b.i.d. as compared with RPZ at 20 mg q.d. in patients with RE refractory to the standard PPI regimen in Japan. Endoscopically confirmed rRE patients (Los Angeles grade A-D) who had received a standard PPI regimen for at least 8 weeks were randomized in a double-blind manner into groups receiving RPZ at 20 and 10 mg b.i.d. or 20 mg q.d. (control) daily for up to 8 weeks. The primary efficacy endpoint was the rate of endoscopically confirmed healing after week 8. A total of 337 rRE patients treated at 71 sites were randomized. The rate of endoscopically confirmed healing after 8 weeks was significantly higher in those who received RPZ at 20 mg b.i.d. (77.0%, P = 0.003) and 10 mg b.i.d. (78.4%, P = 0.001) as compared with 20 mg q.d. (58.8%), and the rates of resolution of heartburn after week 8 were 80.0%, 74.0%, and 56.4%, respectively. All treatment regimens were well tolerated. Regimens of RPZ at 20 and 10 mg b.i.d. for 8 weeks were more effective than 20 mg q.d. with regard to endoscopically confirmed healing and symptom resolution of RE refractory to a standard PPI regimen.

  19. The association between higher nurse staffing standards in the fee schedules and the geographic distribution of hospital nurses: A cross-sectional study using nationwide administrative data.

    PubMed

    Morioka, Noriko; Tomio, Jun; Seto, Toshikazu; Kobayashi, Yasuki

    2017-01-01

    In Japan, the revision of the fee schedules in 2006 introduced a new category of general care ward for more advanced care, with a higher staffing standard, a patient-to-nurse ratio of 7:1. Previous studies have suggested that these changes worsened inequalities in the geographic distribution of nurses, but there have been few quantitative studies evaluating this effect. This study aimed to investigate the association between the distribution of 7:1 beds and the geographic distribution of hospital nursing staffs. We conducted a secondary data analysis of hospital reimbursement reports in 2012 in Japan. The study units were secondary medical areas (SMAs) in Japan, which are roughly comparable to hospital service areas in the United States. The outcome variable was the nurse density per 100,000 population in each SMA. The 7:1 bed density per 100,000 population was the main independent variable. To investigate the association between the nurse density and 7:1 bed density, adjusting for other variables, we applied a multiple linear regression model, with nurse density as an outcome variable, and the bed densities by functional category of inpatient ward as independent variables, adding other variables related to socio-economic status and nurse workforce. To investigate whether 7:1 bed density made the largest contribution to the nurse density, compared to other bed densities, we estimated the standardized regression coefficients. There were 344 SMAs in the study period, of which 343 were used because of data availability. There were approximately 553,600 full time equivalent nurses working in inpatient wards in hospitals. The mean (standard deviation) of the full time equivalent nurse density was 426.4 (147.5) and for 7:1 bed density, the figures were 271.9 (185.9). The 7:1 bed density ranged from 0.0 to 1,295.5. After adjusting for the possible confounders, there were more hospital nurses in the areas with higher densities of 7:1 beds (standardized regression

  20. 78 FR 7456 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request; Hexavalent...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-01

    ...; Hexavalent Chromium Standards for General Industry, Shipyard Employment, and Construction ACTION: Notice... Administration (OSHA) sponsored information collection request (ICR) titled, ``Hexavalent Chromium Standards for...: The Hexavalent Chromium standards for general industry, shipyard employment, and construction...

  1. 78 FR 8985 - Cranes and Derricks in Construction: Revising the Exemption for Digger Derricks

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-07

    ... Occupational Safety and Health Administration 29 CFR Part 1926 RIN 1218-AC75 Cranes and Derricks in... derricks in its construction standard for cranes and derricks. OSHA received a significant adverse comment... derricks in its construction standard for cranes and derricks. In those documents, OSHA stated that if it...

  2. 40 CFR 763.120 - What is the purpose of this subpart?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT ASBESTOS Asbestos Worker Protection § 763.120 What is the purpose of this subpart... Asbestos Standards of the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA). This subpart applies the OSHA Asbestos Standards in 29 CFR 1910.1001 and 29 CFR 1926.1101 to these employees....

  3. 40 CFR 763.120 - What is the purpose of this subpart?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT ASBESTOS Asbestos Worker Protection § 763.120 What is the purpose of this subpart... Asbestos Standards of the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA). This subpart applies the OSHA Asbestos Standards in 29 CFR 1910.1001 and 29 CFR 1926.1101 to these employees....

  4. 29 CFR 1952.172 - Level of Federal enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... significantly greater level of worker protection than the corresponding Cal/OSHA standard, enforcement of new..., DEPARTMENT OF LABOR (CONTINUED) APPROVED STATE PLANS FOR ENFORCEMENT OF STATE STANDARDS California § 1952.172... which a revised agreement has been entered into between Frank Strasheim, OSHA Regional Administrator...

  5. 40 CFR 763.120 - What is the purpose of this subpart?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT ASBESTOS Asbestos Worker Protection § 763.120 What is the purpose of this subpart... Asbestos Standards of the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA). This subpart applies the OSHA Asbestos Standards in 29 CFR 1910.1001 and 29 CFR 1926.1101 to these employees. ...

  6. Administrative Synergy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hewitt, Kimberly Kappler; Weckstein, Daniel K.

    2012-01-01

    One of the biggest obstacles to overcome in creating and sustaining an administrative professional learning community (PLC) is time. Administrators are constantly deluged by the tyranny of the urgent. It is a Herculean task to carve out time for PLCs, but it is imperative to do so. In this article, the authors describe how an administrative PLC…

  7. 7 CFR 201.3 - Administrator.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing Practices), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) FEDERAL SEED ACT FEDERAL SEED ACT REGULATIONS Administration § 201.3 Administrator. The Administrator of the Agricultural Marketing Service may...

  8. Prevention of Malaria Resurgence in Greece through the Association of Mass Drug Administration (MDA) to Immigrants from Malaria-Endemic Regions and Standard Control Measures

    PubMed Central

    Tseroni, Maria; Baka, Agoritsa; Kapizioni, Christina; Snounou, Georges; Tsiodras, Sotirios; Charvalakou, Maria; Georgitsou, Maria; Panoutsakou, Maria; Psinaki, Ioanna; Tsoromokou, Maria; Karakitsos, George; Pervanidou, Danai; Vakali, Annita; Mouchtouri, Varvara; Georgakopoulou, Theano; Mamuris, Zissis; Papadopoulos, Nikos; Koliopoulos, George; Badieritakis, Evangelos; Diamantopoulos, Vasilis; Tsakris, Athanasios; Kremastinou, Jenny; Hadjichristodoulou, Christos

    2015-01-01

    Greece was declared malaria-free in 1974 after a long antimalarial fight. In 2011–2012, an outbreak of P. vivax malaria was reported in Evrotas, an agricultural area in Southern Greece, where a large number of immigrants from endemic countries live and work. A total of 46 locally acquired and 38 imported malaria cases were detected. Despite a significant decrease of the number of malaria cases in 2012, a mass drug administration (MDA) program was considered as an additional measure to prevent reestablishment of the disease in the area. During 2013 and 2014, a combination of 3-day chloroquine and 14-day primaquine treatment was administered under direct observation to immigrants living in the epicenter of the 2011 outbreak in Evrotas. Adverse events were managed and recorded on a daily basis. The control measures implemented since 2011 continued during the period of 2013–2014 as a part of a national integrated malaria control program that included active case detection (ACD), vector control measures and community education. The MDA program was started prior to the transmission periods (from May to December). One thousand ninety four (1094) immigrants successfully completed the treatment, corresponding to 87.3% coverage of the target population. A total of 688 adverse events were recorded in 397 (36.2%, 95% C.I.: 33.4–39.1) persons, the vast majority minor, predominantly dizziness and headache for chloroquine (284 events) and abdominal pain (85 events) for primaquine. A single case of primaquine-induced hemolysis was recorded in a person whose initial G6PD test proved incorrect. No malaria cases were recorded in Evrotas, Laconia, in 2013 and 2014, though three locally acquired malaria cases were recorded in other regions of Greece in 2013. Preventive antimalarial MDA to a high-risk population in a low transmission setting appears to have synergized with the usual antimalarial activities to achieve malaria elimination. This study suggests that judicious use of

  9. Prevention of Malaria Resurgence in Greece through the Association of Mass Drug Administration (MDA) to Immigrants from Malaria-Endemic Regions and Standard Control Measures.

    PubMed

    Tseroni, Maria; Baka, Agoritsa; Kapizioni, Christina; Snounou, Georges; Tsiodras, Sotirios; Charvalakou, Maria; Georgitsou, Maria; Panoutsakou, Maria; Psinaki, Ioanna; Tsoromokou, Maria; Karakitsos, George; Pervanidou, Danai; Vakali, Annita; Mouchtouri, Varvara; Georgakopoulou, Theano; Mamuris, Zissis; Papadopoulos, Nikos; Koliopoulos, George; Badieritakis, Evangelos; Diamantopoulos, Vasilis; Tsakris, Athanasios; Kremastinou, Jenny; Hadjichristodoulou, Christos

    2015-11-01

    Greece was declared malaria-free in 1974 after a long antimalarial fight. In 2011-2012, an outbreak of P. vivax malaria was reported in Evrotas, an agricultural area in Southern Greece, where a large number of immigrants from endemic countries live and work. A total of 46 locally acquired and 38 imported malaria cases were detected. Despite a significant decrease of the number of malaria cases in 2012, a mass drug administration (MDA) program was considered as an additional measure to prevent reestablishment of the disease in the area. During 2013 and 2014, a combination of 3-day chloroquine and 14-day primaquine treatment was administered under direct observation to immigrants living in the epicenter of the 2011 outbreak in Evrotas. Adverse events were managed and recorded on a daily basis. The control measures implemented since 2011 continued during the period of 2013-2014 as a part of a national integrated malaria control program that included active case detection (ACD), vector control measures and community education. The MDA program was started prior to the transmission periods (from May to December). One thousand ninety four (1094) immigrants successfully completed the treatment, corresponding to 87.3% coverage of the target population. A total of 688 adverse events were recorded in 397 (36.2%, 95% C.I.: 33.4-39.1) persons, the vast majority minor, predominantly dizziness and headache for chloroquine (284 events) and abdominal pain (85 events) for primaquine. A single case of primaquine-induced hemolysis was recorded in a person whose initial G6PD test proved incorrect. No malaria cases were recorded in Evrotas, Laconia, in 2013 and 2014, though three locally acquired malaria cases were recorded in other regions of Greece in 2013. Preventive antimalarial MDA to a high-risk population in a low transmission setting appears to have synergized with the usual antimalarial activities to achieve malaria elimination. This study suggests that judicious use of MDA can

  10. The South Carolina Environmental Public Health Tracking Program's Role in Monitoring and Reducing Occupational Exposure to Lead: Public Health Actions in Collaboration with the South Carolina Occupational Safety and Health Administration.

    PubMed

    Davis, Harley T; Lynes, Chelsea; Corley, H Reed

    Per South Carolina (SC) Law §44-29-10, all blood lead test records are reportable. The SC Environmental Public Health Tracking (SC EPHT) program is directly involved in blood lead surveillance in SC, as it maintains the blood lead record database. Although Adult Blood Lead Epidemiology and Surveillance funding from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention was discontinued in 2013, SC EPHT has continued to monitor and record adult blood lead test records.In 2012, SC EPHT signed a memorandum of understanding with the SC Occupational Safety and Health Administration (SC OSHA). Per this agreement, quarterly reports of elevated adult blood lead concentrations (≥25 μg/dL) are supplied to SC OSHA, along with North American Industry Classification System codes of employers. This information is used for industrial inspections, mitigation, and abatement related to lead. The SC EPHT program's collaboration with SC OSHA has resulted in a number of public health actions that have improved the health and well-being of workers in SC. Of the 3 nationally accepted SC public health actions related to occupational lead exposure, 2 detail investigations and citations by SC OSHA. The other describes internal analyses conducted by the SC EPHT program regarding elevated blood lead levels in adults and associations with specific North American Industry Classification System codes.In this review, we outlined the role of SC EPHT related to adult blood lead surveillance in SC, including implementation of the memorandum of understanding with SC OSHA. We also examined demographics of adult blood lead records in SC for 2010-2015 and summarized public health actions related to occupational lead exposure in SC. Since federal funding for the SC EPHT program was initiated in 2009, the program has played an important part in lead surveillance in SC. The resulting health benefits to those with the potential for occupational exposure to lead are extremely important.

  11. 29 CFR 1960.67 - Federal agency certification of the injury and illness annual summary (OSHA 300-A or equivalent).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR (CONTINUED) BASIC PROGRAM ELEMENTS FOR FEDERAL EMPLOYEE OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH PROGRAMS AND RELATED MATTERS Recordkeeping and... process by which the information was recorded, that the annual summary is correct and complete. For...

  12. The Applicability of the Sixth or Seventh Amendment Right to a Jury Trial in OSHA Penalty Proceedings

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    West, Gina A.

    1976-01-01

    Two recent decisions by federal courts of appeals bring into focus the competing policy considerations underlying administrative adjudication and the right to a jury trial. In both cases the safety regulations of the Occupational Safety and Health Act were violated. (LBH)

  13. Modernizing Administration.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lombardi, Vincent L.; Hildebrand, Verna

    1981-01-01

    Suggests assignment of research duties and rotation of teaching and management roles for college administrators, to increase their effectiveness and diminish the negative effects of declining enrollments. (JD)

  14. 5 CFR 179.307 - Administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Administrative offset. 179.307 Section 179.307 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS CLAIMS COLLECTION STANDARDS Administrative Offset § 179.307 Administrative offset. (a) If the debtor does not...

  15. 5 CFR 179.307 - Administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Administrative offset. 179.307 Section 179.307 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS CLAIMS COLLECTION STANDARDS Administrative Offset § 179.307 Administrative offset. (a) If the debtor does not...

  16. 29 CFR 1910.163 - Fixed extinguishing systems, water spray and foam.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... extinguishing agent, installed to meet a particular OSHA standard. These systems shall also comply with § 1910... ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS Fire Protection Fixed Fire...

  17. 29 CFR 1910.163 - Fixed extinguishing systems, water spray and foam.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... extinguishing agent, installed to meet a particular OSHA standard. These systems shall also comply with § 1910... ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS Fire Protection Fixed Fire...

  18. Theatre Administration.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gillespie, Patti P., Ed.

    1983-01-01

    The theme of this special journal issue is theatre administration. The journal is divided into four parts: a short introduction and three major sections on the role of the theatre chair, theatre administration in the 1980's, and evaluating creative work. Among others, topics covered in the issue's 13 articles include (1) the changing nature of the…

  19. Administrative Ecology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McGarity, Augustus C., III; Maulding, Wanda

    2007-01-01

    This article discusses how all four facets of administrative ecology help dispel the claims about the "impossibility" of the superintendency. These are personal ecology, professional ecology, organizational ecology, and community ecology. Using today's superintendency as an administrative platform, current literature describes a preponderance of…

  20. Administrative Ecology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McGarity, Augustus C., III; Maulding, Wanda

    2007-01-01

    This article discusses how all four facets of administrative ecology help dispel the claims about the "impossibility" of the superintendency. These are personal ecology, professional ecology, organizational ecology, and community ecology. Using today's superintendency as an administrative platform, current literature describes a preponderance of…