Science.gov

Sample records for administrative cost recovery

  1. 77 FR 38802 - Proposed CERCLA Administrative Cost Recovery Settlement; Standex International Corporation

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-29

    ... AGENCY Proposed CERCLA Administrative Cost Recovery Settlement; Standex International Corporation AGENCY... a proposed administrative settlement for recovery of past response costs concerning the Trinity... hereby given of a proposed administrative settlement for recovery of past response costs concerning...

  2. 75 FR 21292 - Proposed CERCLA Administrative Cost Recovery Settlement Agreement; AVX Corporation

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-23

    ... AGENCY Proposed CERCLA Administrative Cost Recovery Settlement Agreement; AVX Corporation AGENCY... administrative settlement for recovery of projected future response oversight costs and performance of work... removal action, pre- payment of future response oversight costs, payment for long-term care of the...

  3. 76 FR 71342 - Proposed CERCLA Administrative Cost Recovery Settlement; River Forest Dry Cleaners Site, River...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-17

    ... proposed administrative settlement for recovery of past response costs concerning the River Forest Dry... considerations which indicate that the settlement is inappropriate, improper, or inadequate. The...

  4. 77 FR 9652 - Proposed CERCLA Administrative Cost Recovery Settlement; Lake Linden Superfund Site in Lake...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-17

    ... AGENCY Proposed CERCLA Administrative Cost Recovery Settlement; Lake Linden Superfund Site in Lake Linden... administrative settlement for recovery of past response costs concerning the Lake Linden Superfund Site in Lake..., Chicago, Illinois, C-14J, 60604, (312) 886-6609. Comments should reference the Lake Linden Superfund...

  5. 78 FR 7776 - Notice of Administrative Settlement Agreement for Recovery of Past Response Costs Pursuant to...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-04

    ... AGENCY Notice of Administrative Settlement Agreement for Recovery of Past Response Costs Pursuant to... past response costs (``Proposed Agreement'') associated with the Rehrig-United International Superfund... received disclose facts or considerations that indicate that the Proposed Agreement is...

  6. 78 FR 1858 - Notice of Administrative Settlement Agreement for Recovery of Past and Future Response Costs...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-09

    ... AGENCY Notice of Administrative Settlement Agreement for Recovery of Past and Future Response Costs...''), notice is hereby given that a proposed administrative settlement agreement for recovery of past and... disclose facts or considerations that indicate that the Proposed Agreement is inappropriate, improper,...

  7. 75 FR 57272 - Proposed CERCLA Administrative Cost Recovery Settlement; Gilberts/Kedzie Site, Village of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-20

    ... AGENCY Proposed CERCLA Administrative Cost Recovery Settlement; Gilberts/Kedzie Site, Village of Gilberts... settlement for recovery of past response costs concerning the Gilberts/Kedzie Site in the Village of Gilberts... whose telephone number is (312) 353- 3804. Comments should reference the Gilberts/Kedzie Site and...

  8. 75 FR 146 - Proposed Cercla Administrative Cost Recovery Settlement; David Benvenuti and Howe Cleaners, Howe...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-04

    ... given of a proposed administrative settlement for recovery of past costs concerning the Howe Cleaners... withdraw its consent to the settlement if comments received disclose facts or considerations which...

  9. 75 FR 36388 - Proposed Administrative Cost Recovery Settlement Under Section 122(h) of the Comprehensive...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-25

    ... administrative settlement with Doe Run Resources Corporation (Doe Run), for recovery of past response costs... consent to the settlement if comments received disclose facts or considerations which indicate that...

  10. 76 FR 51029 - Proposed CERCLA Administrative Cost Recovery Settlement; Carpenter Avenue Mercury Site, Iron...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-17

    ... AGENCY Proposed CERCLA Administrative Cost Recovery Settlement; Carpenter Avenue Mercury Site, Iron... Mercury site in Iron Mountain, Dickenson County, Michigan with the following settling parties: The.... Comments should reference the Carpenter Avenue Mercury site, Iron Mountain, Dickenson County, Michigan...

  11. 76 FR 64943 - Proposed Cercla Administrative Cost Recovery Settlement; ACM Smelter and Refinery Site, Located...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-19

    ... administrative settlement for recovery of past and projected future response costs concerning the ACM Smelter and... past response costs, as well as future response costs under the settlement. The settlement includes a... considerations which indicate that the settlement is inappropriate, improper, or inadequate. The...

  12. 76 FR 69733 - Proposed CERCLA Administrative Cost Recovery Settlement; Tracy Lead Battery Site, Tracy, MN

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-09

    ... AGENCY Proposed CERCLA Administrative Cost Recovery Settlement; Tracy Lead Battery Site, Tracy, MN AGENCY... of past response costs concerning the Tracy Lead Battery Site in Tracy, Minnesota with the following.... Comments should reference the Tracy Lead Battery Site and EPA Docket No. CERCLA-05-2012-0001 and should...

  13. 78 FR 22451 - Cost Recovery for Permit Processing, Administration, and Enforcement

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-16

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement 30 CFR Parts 701, 736, 737, 738, and 750 RIN 1029-AC65 Cost Recovery for Permit Processing, Administration, and Enforcement Correction In proposed...

  14. 78 FR 40738 - Proposed CERCLA Administrative Cost Recovery Settlement; Double H Pesticide Burial Site

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-08

    ... AGENCY Proposed CERCLA Administrative Cost Recovery Settlement; Double H Pesticide Burial Site AGENCY... incurred for the Double H Pesticide Burial Site in Grandview, Yakima County, Washington. Under this proposed settlement, the settling parties are Double H, L.P.; James T. Hansen; Linda L. Hansen; George...

  15. 77 FR 59185 - Notice of Administrative Settlement Agreement for Recovery of Past Response Costs Pursuant to the...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-26

    ... AGENCY Notice of Administrative Settlement Agreement for Recovery of Past Response Costs Pursuant to the... hereby given that a proposed administrative settlement agreement for recovery of past response costs..., after which EPA may modify or withdraw its consent if comments received disclose facts or...

  16. 77 FR 64989 - Notice of Administrative Settlement Agreement for Recovery of Past Response Costs Pursuant to the...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-24

    ... AGENCY Notice of Administrative Settlement Agreement for Recovery of Past Response Costs Pursuant to the... hereby given that a proposed administrative settlement agreement for recovery of past response costs... EPA may modify or withdraw its consent if comments received disclose facts or considerations...

  17. 77 FR 49795 - Notice of Administrative Settlement Agreement for Recovery of Past Response Costs Pursuant to the...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-17

    ... AGENCY Notice of Administrative Settlement Agreement for Recovery of Past Response Costs Pursuant to the... administrative settlement agreement for recovery of past response costs (``Proposed Agreement'') associated with... if comments received disclose facts or considerations that indicate that the Proposed Agreement...

  18. 77 FR 46433 - Proposed CERCLA Administrative Cost Recovery Settlements for the Buckbee-Mears Co. Superfund Site...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-03

    ... administrative settlements for recovery ] of past response costs concerning the Buckbee-Mears Co. Superfund Site... if comments received disclose facts or considerations which indicate that either of the...

  19. 77 FR 44238 - Proposed Administrative Cost Recovery Settlement Under the Comprehensive Environmental Response...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-27

    ... Resources Corporation, St. Louis, Missouri, for recovery of past response costs concerning the Big River... received disclose facts or considerations which indicate that the settlement is inappropriate, improper,...

  20. 78 FR 77673 - Proposed CERCLA Administrative Cost Recovery Settlement; Cadie Auto Salvage Site, Belvidere...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-24

    ... recovery of past response costs concerning the Cadie Auto Salvage Site in Belvidere, Boone County, Illinois... comments received disclose facts or considerations which indicate that the settlement is...

  1. 78 FR 74128 - Proposed CERCLA Administrative Cost Recovery Settlement; Cadie Auto Salvage Site, Belvidere...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-10

    ... recovery of past response costs concerning the Cadie Auto Salvage Site in Belvidere, Boone County, Illinois... comments received disclose facts or considerations which indicate that the settlement is...

  2. 77 FR 22785 - Proposed CERCLA Administrative Cost Recovery Settlement; Estate of Benjamin C. Schilberg...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-17

    ... U.S.C. 9622(i), notice is hereby given of a proposed administrative settlement for recovery of past... settlement if comments received disclose facts or considerations which indicate that the settlement...

  3. 78 FR 25082 - Proposed Administrative Cost Recovery Settlement Under Section 122(h) of the Comprehensive...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-29

    ... settlement with The Doe Run Resources Corporation, St. Louis, Missouri, for recovery of past response costs... settlement if comments received disclose facts or considerations which indicate that the settlement...

  4. 77 FR 74006 - Proposed Administrative Cost Recovery Settlement Under the Comprehensive Environmental Response...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-12

    ... Capitol Dial, Inc., for recovery of past response costs concerning the Radiation--Former Air Capitol Dial.... Total past costs for the Site are approximately $600,000. The settlement includes a covenant not to sue... facts or considerations which indicate that the settlement is inappropriate, improper, or...

  5. 75 FR 10481 - Proposed CERCLA Administrative Cost Recovery Settlement: Sherwood Motors, Inc.; West Site/Hows...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-08

    ... proposed administrative settlement of past response costs concerning the West Site/Hows Corner Superfund... agrees to reimburse the Agency $5,000 in past costs. This settlement amount is based on the ability to... comments received disclose facts or considerations which indicate that the settlement is...

  6. 76 FR 54223 - Notice of Proposed Administrative Cost Recovery Settlement Pursuant to the Comprehensive...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-31

    ... Logistics Base Barstow, CA AGENCY: Department of the Navy, DoD. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: In accordance with... for the Recovery of Past Costs in the Matter of Marine Corps Logistics Base, Yermo Annex, Barstow... Marine Corps Logistics Base in Barstow, California (the ``Site''), located in San Bernardino...

  7. 78 FR 48434 - Proposed Administrative Cost Recovery Settlement Under Section 122(h) of the Comprehensive...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-08

    ... compromise of past and projected future oversight costs concerning the Carter Carburetor Superfund Site in St... comments received disclose facts or considerations which indicate that the compromise of costs...

  8. 78 FR 42944 - Proposed Administrative Cost Recovery Settlement Under the Comprehensive Environmental Response...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-18

    .... Louis, Missouri, for the compromise of past and projected future oversight costs concerning the Carter... settlement if comments received disclose facts or considerations which indicate that the compromise of...

  9. 26 CFR 301.7430-2 - Requirements and procedures for recovery of reasonable administrative costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... administrative proceeding, then an affidavit that specialized skills and distinctive knowledge as described in that section were necessary in the representation of the taxpayer in the proceeding and that there is a limited availability of representatives possessing such skills and knowledge as described in that...

  10. 78 FR 940 - Proposed Administrative Cost Recovery Settlement Under Section 122(h) of the Comprehensive...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-07

    ... Environmental Response Compensation and Liability Act, as Amended, Former W&J Lanyon Zinc Works Superfund Site... with MCP Industries, Inc., for compromise of past response costs concerning the Former W&J Lanyon Zinc... Zinc Works Superfund Site, EPA Docket No. CERCLA-07-2012-0012. Comments should be addressed to:...

  11. 76 FR 14968 - Proposed CERCLA Administrative Cost Recovery Settlement; Eugenio Painting Company

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-18

    ... of past response costs concerning the Industrial Street Drum Site in Dearborn, Michigan with the... settlement if comments received disclose facts or considerations which indicate that the settlement is... EPA's designee on or before close of business on April 18, 2011 to be assured of...

  12. Cost Recovery Through Depreciation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Forrester, Robert T.; Wesolowski, Leonard V.

    1983-01-01

    The approach of adopting depreciation rather than use allowance in order to recover more accurately the cost of college buildings and equipment used on federal projects is considered. It is suggested that depreciation will offer most colleges and universities a higher annual recovery rate, and an opportunity for better facilities planning. For…

  13. 78 FR 48868 - Proposed Cercla Administrative Cost Recovery Settlement; MassDOT, MassDOT Route 1 Right-of-Way...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-12

    ... AGENCY Proposed Cercla Administrative Cost Recovery Settlement; MassDOT, MassDOT Route 1 Right-of-Way...), concerning the MassDOT Route 1 Right-of-Way Site in Chelsea, Massachusetts with the following Settling Party... should refer to: In re: MassDOT Route 1 Right-of- Way Site, U.S. EPA Docket No.01-2013-0031. FOR...

  14. Unintended Consequences of Cost Recovery

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Piercey, David

    2010-01-01

    An Alberta school district that used a cost-recovery model to finance school services for 20 years is finding that the model produces unintended negative results. Some schools didn't spend this money on services but used it for other school operations. Some spent the money on external consultants. Professional relationships were damaged, and…

  15. How to Control Administrative Cost.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Halfond, Jay A.

    1991-01-01

    Growth in college administration has increased costs and bureaucracy. Rather than wait for fiscal crisis or consumer revolt, academic leaders, including faculty and administrators, should initiate change by simplifying activities and procedures and rewarding consolidation. The challenge is to use resources more effectively and efficiently in a…

  16. Indirect Cost Recovery as an Issue of Science Policy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rosenzweig, Robert M.

    1987-01-01

    The history of the debate over federal efforts to reduce indirect cost recovery in federal research grants to universities is outlined and discussed by a former university administrator involved in the policy's formation. (MSE)

  17. 50 CFR 679.85 - Cost recovery.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... rockfish fee liability may appeal the IAD pursuant to 50 CFR 679.43. ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 13 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Cost recovery. 679.85 Section 679.85....85 Cost recovery. (a) Cost recovery fees—(1) Responsibility. The person documented on the rockfish...

  18. 50 CFR 679.85 - Cost recovery.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... rockfish fee liability may appeal the IAD pursuant to 50 CFR 679.43. ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 13 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Cost recovery. 679.85 Section 679.85....85 Cost recovery. (a) Cost recovery fees—(1) Responsibility. The person documented on the rockfish...

  19. 50 CFR 679.85 - Cost recovery.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... rockfish fee liability may appeal the IAD pursuant to 50 CFR 679.43. ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 13 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Cost recovery. 679.85 Section 679.85....85 Cost recovery. (a) Cost recovery fees—(1) Responsibility. The person documented on the rockfish...

  20. 45 CFR 96.88 - Administrative costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Administrative costs. 96.88 Section 96.88 Public... Assistance Program § 96.88 Administrative costs. (a) Costs of planning and administration. Any expenditure... be included in determining administrative costs subject to the statutory limitation on...

  1. 24 CFR 583.135 - Administrative costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Administrative costs. 583.135... Administrative costs. (a) General. Up to five percent of any grant awarded under this part may be used for the purpose of paying costs of administering the assistance. (b) Administrative costs. Administrative...

  2. 45 CFR 1336.71 - Administrative costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Administrative costs. 1336.71 Section 1336.71... Administrative costs. Reasonable administrative costs of the RLF may be paid out of the loan fund. The grant award agreement between the Loan Administrator and ANA will set forth the allowable administrative...

  3. 20 CFR 632.174 - Administrative costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Administrative costs. 632.174 Section 632.174 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR INDIAN AND NATIVE AMERICAN... Administrative costs. Administrative costs for this subpart are limited to and shall not exceed 20 percent of...

  4. 75 FR 2543 - Proposed Settlement Agreement for Recovery of Past Response Costs and Certain Other Costs Under...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-15

    ... AGENCY Proposed Settlement Agreement for Recovery of Past Response Costs and Certain Other Costs Under..., et seq., notice is hereby given of a proposed administrative settlement for recovery of past response... Environmental Protection Agency (the ``Agency'') for past response costs and certain other costs incurred...

  5. 20 CFR 632.263 - Administrative costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Administrative costs. 632.263 Section 632.263... EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING PROGRAMS Summer Youth Employment and Training Programs § 632.263 Administrative costs. Administrative costs for this subpart are limited to and shall not exceed 20 percent of the funds available....

  6. Cost analysis of water recovery systems

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Yakut, M. M.

    1973-01-01

    A methodology was developed to predict the relevant contributions of the more intangible cost elements encountered in the development of flight-qualified hardware based on an extrapolation of past hardware development experience. Major items of costs within water recovery systems were identified and related to physical and/or performance criteria. Cost and performance data from Gemini, Skylab, and other aerospace and biotechnology programs were analyzed to identify major cost elements required to establish cost estimating relationships for advanced water recovery systems. The results of the study are expected to assist NASA in long-range planning and allocation of resources in a cost effective manner in support of earth orbital programs. This report deals with the cost analysis of the five leading water reclamation systems, namely: (1) RITE waste management-water system, (2) reverse osmosis system, (3) multifiltration system, (4) vapor compression system, and (5) closed air evaporation system with electrolytic pretreatment.

  7. 40 CFR 35.928 - Requirements for an industrial cost recovery system.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Requirements for an industrial cost... Water Act § 35.928 Requirements for an industrial cost recovery system. (a) The Regional Administrator shall approve the grantee's industrial cost recovery system and the grantee shall implement and...

  8. 40 CFR 35.928 - Requirements for an industrial cost recovery system.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Requirements for an industrial cost... Water Act § 35.928 Requirements for an industrial cost recovery system. (a) The Regional Administrator shall approve the grantee's industrial cost recovery system and the grantee shall implement and...

  9. 40 CFR 35.928 - Requirements for an industrial cost recovery system.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Requirements for an industrial cost... Water Act § 35.928 Requirements for an industrial cost recovery system. (a) The Regional Administrator shall approve the grantee's industrial cost recovery system and the grantee shall implement and...

  10. 40 CFR 35.928 - Requirements for an industrial cost recovery system.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Requirements for an industrial cost... Water Act § 35.928 Requirements for an industrial cost recovery system. (a) The Regional Administrator shall approve the grantee's industrial cost recovery system and the grantee shall implement and...

  11. 40 CFR 35.928 - Requirements for an industrial cost recovery system.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Requirements for an industrial cost... Water Act § 35.928 Requirements for an industrial cost recovery system. (a) The Regional Administrator shall approve the grantee's industrial cost recovery system and the grantee shall implement and...

  12. 47 CFR 54.712 - Contributor recovery of universal service costs from end users.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 3 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Contributor recovery of universal service costs...) COMMON CARRIER SERVICES (CONTINUED) UNIVERSAL SERVICE Administration § 54.712 Contributor recovery of universal service costs from end users. (a) Federal universal service contribution costs may be...

  13. 47 CFR 54.712 - Contributor recovery of universal service costs from end users.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contributor recovery of universal service costs...) COMMON CARRIER SERVICES (CONTINUED) UNIVERSAL SERVICE Administration § 54.712 Contributor recovery of universal service costs from end users. (a) Federal universal service contribution costs may be...

  14. 47 CFR 54.712 - Contributor recovery of universal service costs from end users.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 3 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Contributor recovery of universal service costs...) COMMON CARRIER SERVICES (CONTINUED) UNIVERSAL SERVICE Administration § 54.712 Contributor recovery of universal service costs from end users. (a) Federal universal service contribution costs may be...

  15. 47 CFR 54.712 - Contributor recovery of universal service costs from end users.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 3 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Contributor recovery of universal service costs...) COMMON CARRIER SERVICES (CONTINUED) UNIVERSAL SERVICE Administration § 54.712 Contributor recovery of universal service costs from end users. (a) Federal universal service contribution costs may be...

  16. 47 CFR 54.712 - Contributor recovery of universal service costs from end users.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 3 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Contributor recovery of universal service costs...) COMMON CARRIER SERVICES (CONTINUED) UNIVERSAL SERVICE Administration § 54.712 Contributor recovery of universal service costs from end users. (a) Federal universal service contribution costs may be...

  17. 20 CFR 632.263 - Administrative costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Administrative costs. 632.263 Section 632.263 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR INDIAN AND NATIVE AMERICAN EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING PROGRAMS Summer Youth Employment and Training Programs § 632.263 Administrative...

  18. Cost analysis of oxygen recovery systems

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Yakut, M. M.

    1973-01-01

    The design and development of equipment for flight use in earth-orbital programs, when optimally approached cost effectively, proceed through the following logical progression: (1) bench testing of breadboard designs, (2) the fabrication and evaluation of prototype equipment, (3) redesign to meet flight-imposed requirements, and (4) qualification and testing of a flight-ready system. Each of these steps is intended to produce the basic design information necessary to progress to the next step. The cost of each step is normally substantially less than that of the following step. An evaluation of the cost elements involved in each of the steps and their impact on total program cost are presented. Cost analyses of four leading oxygen recovery subsystems which include two carbon dioxide reduction subsystem, Sabatier and Bosch, and two water electrolysis subsystems, the solid polymer electrolyte and the circulating KOH electrolyte are described.

  19. Reducing the cost of administrative justice

    SciTech Connect

    Tourtellotte, J.R.

    1982-11-01

    In virtually every sector of government regulation, the complaint has been lodged that the costs of administrative justice are too high. These costs in time, money, resources, and productivity can have a profound effect on the individual consumer. When applied to an energy technology such as nuclear power, costs of administrative justice can transcent time and money to have even more profound and pervasive soeietal effects. Societal costs can be expressed in terms of their impact on important national concerns, that is, the standard of living, technological superiority, and the national energy equation. Some views are presented on the interests involved in the regulation of nuclear power and what can be done to bring those interests into better balance so as to reduce the cost of administrative justice.

  20. 45 CFR 98.52 - Administrative costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION CHILD CARE AND DEVELOPMENT FUND Use of Child Care and Development Funds § 98.52 Administrative costs. (a) Not more than five percent of...) Planning, developing, and designing the Child Care and Development Fund program; (ii) Providing...

  1. 45 CFR 98.52 - Administrative costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION CHILD CARE AND DEVELOPMENT FUND Use of Child Care and Development Funds § 98.52 Administrative costs. (a) Not more than five percent of...) Planning, developing, and designing the Child Care and Development Fund program; (ii) Providing...

  2. 45 CFR 98.52 - Administrative costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION CHILD CARE AND DEVELOPMENT FUND Use of Child Care and Development Funds § 98.52 Administrative costs. (a) Not more than five percent of...) Planning, developing, and designing the Child Care and Development Fund program; (ii) Providing...

  3. 45 CFR 98.52 - Administrative costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... Welfare Department of Health and Human Services GENERAL ADMINISTRATION CHILD CARE AND DEVELOPMENT FUND Use of Child Care and Development Funds § 98.52 Administrative costs. (a) Not more than five percent of...) Planning, developing, and designing the Child Care and Development Fund program; (ii) Providing...

  4. 45 CFR 98.52 - Administrative costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION CHILD CARE AND DEVELOPMENT FUND Use of Child Care and Development Funds § 98.52 Administrative costs. (a) Not more than five percent of...) Planning, developing, and designing the Child Care and Development Fund program; (ii) Providing...

  5. 24 CFR 511.71 - Administrative costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... DEVELOPMENT SLUM CLEARANCE AND URBAN RENEWAL RENTAL REHABILITATON GRANT PROGRAM Grant Administration § 511.71... 24 Housing and Urban Development 3 2011-04-01 2010-04-01 true Administrative costs. 511.71 Section 511.71 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development...

  6. 24 CFR 511.71 - Administrative costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... DEVELOPMENT SLUM CLEARANCE AND URBAN RENEWAL RENTAL REHABILITATION GRANT PROGRAM Grant Administration § 511.71... 24 Housing and Urban Development 3 2014-04-01 2013-04-01 true Administrative costs. 511.71 Section 511.71 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development...

  7. Why Block Grants Should Increase Administrative Costs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baker, Keith

    1983-01-01

    Federal education programs increase costs because they attach fewer strings to funds than state or local grants, and this is likely to lead to administrative empire-building. Bureaucracy tends pathologically as it grows to generate more work for itself independent of true administrative needs. Some policy implications are drawn. (MJL)

  8. Administrative Costs of Education Voucher Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hill, Paul T.

    This paper focuses on the administrative costs of vouchers programs. It considers the tasks that public and private agencies must undertake and estimates the administrative burdens and cash flow that local programs create. It assumes that all voucher programs, including those meant in part to reduce overcrowding, will be voluntary. The paper…

  9. 45 CFR 96.88 - Administrative costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Administrative costs. 96.88 Section 96.88 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION BLOCK GRANTS Low-income Home Energy... planning and administering the low-income home energy assistance program shall be 20 percent of...

  10. Low cost process heat recovery. Interim report

    SciTech Connect

    Theisen, P.; McCray, J.

    1980-01-01

    The objectives of this project are to analyze waste heat recovery potential, economic analysis, heat exchanger and system design, and computer analysis programs. The heating demand and heat recovery potential at a Madison neighborhood bakery was conducted. The building has steam heat and natural gas is used in the hot water heater, the cooking stoves, and in the baking oven. Heat recovery potential was analyzed based upon fuel consumption in the baking oven, flue gas temperature, mass flow rate, and hours of oven operation. The feasibility of waste heat recovery systems is analyzed using life cycle cost and life cycle savings. For a first approximation, hand calculations were performed for air-to-air flat plate, fin-plate, and liquid-to-air tube type heat exchangers using the temperature and mass flow data from a pizza restaurant in Madison. Then a heat exchanger analysis program was written in interactive BASIC. The analysis indicates that heat recovery using the flat-plate and fin-plate exchanger designs is technically feasible and yields high effectiveness. (MCW)

  11. 78 FR 10262 - Railroad Cost Recovery Procedures-Productivity Adjustment

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-13

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Surface Transportation Board Railroad Cost Recovery Procedures--Productivity Adjustment AGENCY: Surface Transportation Board, DOT. ACTION: Proposed railroad cost recovery procedures productivity adjustment....

  12. 77 FR 7237 - Railroad Cost Recovery Procedures-Productivity Adjustment

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-10

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Surface Transportation Board Railroad Cost Recovery Procedures--Productivity Adjustment AGENCY: Surface Transportation Board. ACTION: Proposed railroad cost recovery procedures productivity adjustment. SUMMARY: In...

  13. 75 FR 5170 - Railroad Cost Recovery Procedures-Productivity Adjustment

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-01

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Surface Transportation Board Railroad Cost Recovery Procedures--Productivity Adjustment AGENCY: Surface Transportation Board, DOT. ACTION: Proposed Railroad Cost Recovery Procedures Productivity Adjustment....

  14. 75 FR 16575 - Railroad Cost Recovery Procedures-Productivity Adjustment

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-01

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Surface Transportation Board Railroad Cost Recovery Procedures--Productivity Adjustment AGENCY: Surface Transportation Board. ACTION: Adoption of a railroad cost recovery procedures productivity adjustment....

  15. 78 FR 40696 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; Alaska Crab Cost Recovery

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-08

    ... Crab Cost Recovery AGENCY: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), Commerce. ACTION... and Aleutian Islands (BSAI) Crab includes the Crab Rationalization (CR) Program, a limited access system that allocates BSAI Crab resources among harvesters, processors, and coastal communities....

  16. 77 FR 4997 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; Alaska Individual Fishing Quota Cost Recovery...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-01

    ... National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; Alaska Individual Fishing Quota Cost Recovery Program Requirements AGENCY: National Oceanic and Atmospheric... to take this opportunity to comment on proposed and/or continuing information collections,...

  17. 24 CFR 511.71 - Administrative costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... URBAN DEVELOPMENT SLUM CLEARANCE AND URBAN RENEWAL RENTAL REHABILITATION GRANT PROGRAM Grant... 24 Housing and Urban Development 3 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Administrative costs. 511.71 Section 511.71 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban...

  18. 24 CFR 511.71 - Administrative costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... URBAN DEVELOPMENT SLUM CLEARANCE AND URBAN RENEWAL RENTAL REHABILITATON GRANT PROGRAM Grant... 24 Housing and Urban Development 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Administrative costs. 511.71 Section 511.71 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban...

  19. 24 CFR 511.71 - Administrative costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... URBAN DEVELOPMENT SLUM CLEARANCE AND URBAN RENEWAL RENTAL REHABILITATION GRANT PROGRAM Grant... 24 Housing and Urban Development 3 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Administrative costs. 511.71 Section 511.71 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban...

  20. 24 CFR 578.59 - Project administrative costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 3 2014-04-01 2013-04-01 true Project administrative costs. 578.59... § 578.59 Project administrative costs. (a) Eligible costs. The recipient or subrecipient may use up to... Activities and UFA costs, for the payment of project administrative costs related to the planning...

  1. 24 CFR 578.59 - Project administrative costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 3 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Project administrative costs. 578... § 578.59 Project administrative costs. (a) Eligible costs. The recipient or subrecipient may use up to... Activities and UFA costs, for the payment of project administrative costs related to the planning...

  2. 47 CFR 51.215 - Dialing parity: Cost recovery.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 3 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Dialing parity: Cost recovery. 51.215 Section... (CONTINUED) INTERCONNECTION Obligations of All Local Exchange Carriers § 51.215 Dialing parity: Cost recovery. (a) A LEC may recover the incremental costs necessary for the implementation of toll dialing...

  3. 47 CFR 51.215 - Dialing parity: Cost recovery.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Dialing parity: Cost recovery. 51.215 Section... (CONTINUED) INTERCONNECTION Obligations of All Local Exchange Carriers § 51.215 Dialing parity: Cost recovery. (a) A LEC may recover the incremental costs necessary for the implementation of toll dialing...

  4. 47 CFR 51.215 - Dialing parity: Cost recovery.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 3 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Dialing parity: Cost recovery. 51.215 Section... (CONTINUED) INTERCONNECTION Obligations of All Local Exchange Carriers § 51.215 Dialing parity: Cost recovery. (a) A LEC may recover the incremental costs necessary for the implementation of toll dialing...

  5. 47 CFR 51.215 - Dialing parity: Cost recovery.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 3 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Dialing parity: Cost recovery. 51.215 Section... (CONTINUED) INTERCONNECTION Obligations of All Local Exchange Carriers § 51.215 Dialing parity: Cost recovery. (a) A LEC may recover the incremental costs necessary for the implementation of toll dialing...

  6. 47 CFR 51.215 - Dialing parity: Cost recovery.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 3 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Dialing parity: Cost recovery. 51.215 Section... (CONTINUED) INTERCONNECTION Obligations of All Local Exchange Carriers § 51.215 Dialing parity: Cost recovery. (a) A LEC may recover the incremental costs necessary for the implementation of toll dialing...

  7. 42 CFR 432.55 - Reporting training and administrative costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Reporting training and administrative costs. 432.55... Expenditures § 432.55 Reporting training and administrative costs. (a) Scope. This section identifies activities and costs to be reported as training or administrative costs on quarterly estimate and...

  8. 42 CFR 432.55 - Reporting training and administrative costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Reporting training and administrative costs. 432.55... Expenditures § 432.55 Reporting training and administrative costs. (a) Scope. This section identifies activities and costs to be reported as training or administrative costs on quarterly estimate and...

  9. 42 CFR 432.55 - Reporting training and administrative costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Reporting training and administrative costs. 432.55... Expenditures § 432.55 Reporting training and administrative costs. (a) Scope. This section identifies activities and costs to be reported as training or administrative costs on quarterly estimate and...

  10. 40 CFR 35.935-15 - Submission and approval of industrial cost recovery system.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Submission and approval of industrial... Treatment Works-Clean Water Act § 35.935-15 Submission and approval of industrial cost recovery system. The grantee shall obtain the approval of the Regional Administrator of its system of industrial cost...

  11. 40 CFR 35.935-15 - Submission and approval of industrial cost recovery system.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Submission and approval of industrial... Treatment Works-Clean Water Act § 35.935-15 Submission and approval of industrial cost recovery system. The grantee shall obtain the approval of the Regional Administrator of its system of industrial cost...

  12. 40 CFR 35.935-15 - Submission and approval of industrial cost recovery system.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Submission and approval of industrial... Treatment Works-Clean Water Act § 35.935-15 Submission and approval of industrial cost recovery system. The grantee shall obtain the approval of the Regional Administrator of its system of industrial cost...

  13. 40 CFR 35.935-15 - Submission and approval of industrial cost recovery system.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Submission and approval of industrial... Treatment Works-Clean Water Act § 35.935-15 Submission and approval of industrial cost recovery system. The grantee shall obtain the approval of the Regional Administrator of its system of industrial cost...

  14. 40 CFR 35.935-15 - Submission and approval of industrial cost recovery system.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Submission and approval of industrial... Treatment Works-Clean Water Act § 35.935-15 Submission and approval of industrial cost recovery system. The grantee shall obtain the approval of the Regional Administrator of its system of industrial cost...

  15. 26 CFR 301.7430-4 - Reasonable administrative costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...) PROCEDURE AND ADMINISTRATION PROCEDURE AND ADMINISTRATION Judicial Proceedings Civil Actions by the United... witnesses; (iii) Reasonable costs of any study, analysis, engineering report, test or project that...

  16. 26 CFR 301.7430-4 - Reasonable administrative costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...) PROCEDURE AND ADMINISTRATION PROCEDURE AND ADMINISTRATION Judicial Proceedings Civil Actions by the United... witnesses; (iii) Reasonable costs of any study, analysis, engineering report, test or project that...

  17. 26 CFR 301.7430-4 - Reasonable administrative costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...) PROCEDURE AND ADMINISTRATION PROCEDURE AND ADMINISTRATION Judicial Proceedings Civil Actions by the United... witnesses; (iii) Reasonable costs of any study, analysis, engineering report, test or project that...

  18. 26 CFR 301.7430-4 - Reasonable administrative costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...) PROCEDURE AND ADMINISTRATION PROCEDURE AND ADMINISTRATION Judicial Proceedings Civil Actions by the United... witnesses; (iii) Reasonable costs of any study, analysis, engineering report, test or project that...

  19. 20 CFR 361.14 - Procedures for salary offset: Imposition of interest, penalties and administrative costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... BOARD INTERNAL ADMINISTRATION, POLICY AND PROCEDURES RECOVERY OF DEBTS OWED TO THE UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT BY GOVERNMENT EMPLOYEES § 361.14 Procedures for salary offset: Imposition of interest, penalties and administrative costs. Interest will be charged in accordance with 4 CFR 102.13....

  20. 20 CFR 361.14 - Procedures for salary offset: Imposition of interest, penalties and administrative costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... BOARD INTERNAL ADMINISTRATION, POLICY AND PROCEDURES RECOVERY OF DEBTS OWED TO THE UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT BY GOVERNMENT EMPLOYEES § 361.14 Procedures for salary offset: Imposition of interest, penalties and administrative costs. Interest will be charged in accordance with 4 CFR 102.13....

  1. 20 CFR 361.14 - Procedures for salary offset: Imposition of interest, penalties and administrative costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... BOARD INTERNAL ADMINISTRATION, POLICY AND PROCEDURES RECOVERY OF DEBTS OWED TO THE UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT BY GOVERNMENT EMPLOYEES § 361.14 Procedures for salary offset: Imposition of interest, penalties and administrative costs. Interest will be charged in accordance with 4 CFR 102.13....

  2. 20 CFR 361.14 - Procedures for salary offset: Imposition of interest, penalties and administrative costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... BOARD INTERNAL ADMINISTRATION, POLICY AND PROCEDURES RECOVERY OF DEBTS OWED TO THE UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT BY GOVERNMENT EMPLOYEES § 361.14 Procedures for salary offset: Imposition of interest, penalties and administrative costs. Interest will be charged in accordance with 4 CFR 102.13....

  3. 20 CFR 361.14 - Procedures for salary offset: Imposition of interest, penalties and administrative costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... BOARD INTERNAL ADMINISTRATION, POLICY AND PROCEDURES RECOVERY OF DEBTS OWED TO THE UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT BY GOVERNMENT EMPLOYEES § 361.14 Procedures for salary offset: Imposition of interest, penalties and administrative costs. Interest will be charged in accordance with 4 CFR 102.13....

  4. Is Reading Recovery Worth the Cost?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marina, Brenda; Gilman, David A.

    A study was conducted to analyze the impact of the Reading Recovery Program on first grade students in Vigo County, Indiana. The program was implemented in Vigo County just last school year (2000-01). For the study, a first-round sample of 51 students who were successfully discontinued from Reading Recovery was measured to obtain information on…

  5. 7 CFR 277.9 - Administrative costs principles.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... AGRICULTURE FOOD STAMP AND FOOD DISTRIBUTION PROGRAM PAYMENTS OF CERTAIN ADMINISTRATIVE COSTS OF STATE... households for Food Stamp Program benefits are allowable costs for FNS reimbursement. (c) When costs for... 7 Agriculture 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Administrative costs principles. 277.9 Section...

  6. 7 CFR 277.9 - Administrative costs principles.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... AGRICULTURE FOOD STAMP AND FOOD DISTRIBUTION PROGRAM PAYMENTS OF CERTAIN ADMINISTRATIVE COSTS OF STATE... households for Food Stamp Program benefits are allowable costs for FNS reimbursement. (c) When costs for... 7 Agriculture 4 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Administrative costs principles. 277.9 Section...

  7. 24 CFR 1006.230 - Administrative and planning costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ..., including such services as general legal services, accounting services, and audit services; and (4) Other...-specific environmental review costs may be charged as administrative costs or as project costs, at...

  8. 24 CFR 1006.230 - Administrative and planning costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ..., including such services as general legal services, accounting services, and audit services; and (4) Other...-specific environmental review costs may be charged as administrative costs or as project costs, at...

  9. Cost analysis of water recovery systems

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Yakut, M. M.

    1972-01-01

    Cost and performance data from Gemini, Skylab, and other aerospace and biotechnology programs were analyzed to identify major cost elements required to establish cost estimating relationships for advanced life support subsystems for long range planning in support of earth orbital programs. Cost analysis are presented for five leading water reclamation systems; (1) RITE waste management-water system;(2) reverse osmosis system;(3) multifiltration system;(4) vapor compression system; and(5) closed air evaporation system with electrolytic pretreatment.

  10. Metabolic cost and subjective assessment of palletizing and subsequent recovery.

    PubMed

    Kumar, S; Lechelt, E C; Narayan, Y; Chouinard, K

    2000-06-01

    Twenty-one male blue collar workers repeatedly lifted (palletized) a box weighing 22 kg six times min(-1) for 5 min to a shelf of fixed height. The experimental conditions included two planes of lifting (symmetries), two shelf clearances, and three headrooms. The metabolic (heart rate, caloric cost and ventilation volume) and psychophysical variables (rate of perceived exertion, RPE; visual analogue score, VAS; and body part discomfort ratings, BPDR) were measured during resting, palletization, and recovery phases. In palletization the heart rate and metabolic cost ranged between 25 to 35% of the maximal aerobic capacity. Of the three factors only headroom had a significant effect on metabolic cost (p<0.02) and the BPDR for low back (p<0.05). In the recovery phase only headroom had significantly effect (p<0.001) on metabolic cost. The metabolic recovery took 10 min; however, recovery measured through psychophysical indices appeared to continue for 20 min. PMID:10902879

  11. 40 CFR 300.160 - Documentation and cost recovery.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ..., EMERGENCY PLANNING, AND COMMUNITY RIGHT-TO-KNOW PROGRAMS NATIONAL OIL AND HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES POLLUTION CONTINGENCY PLAN Responsibility and Organization for Response § 300.160 Documentation and cost recovery....

  12. 36 CFR 251.58 - Cost recovery.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... resulting from an act of God, an act of war, or negligence of the United States; (iv) The application is for... by the United States Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management. ... costs, the monetary value of the rights and privileges sought, that portion of the costs incurred...

  13. 75 FR 33379 - Railroad Cost Recovery Procedures-Productivity Adjustment; Quarterly Rail Cost Adjustment Factor

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-11

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Surface Transportation Board Railroad Cost Recovery Procedures--Productivity Adjustment; Quarterly Rail Cost Adjustment Factor AGENCY: Surface Transportation Board. ] ACTION: Notice and request for...

  14. 24 CFR 92.207 - Eligible administrative and planning costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... administrative and planning costs include: (a) General management, oversight and coordination. Reasonable costs of overall program management, coordination, monitoring, and evaluation. Such costs include, but are... CFR part 91. (e) Indirect Costs. Indirect costs may be charged to the HOME program under a...

  15. 24 CFR 92.207 - Eligible administrative and planning costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... administrative and planning costs include: (a) General management, oversight and coordination. Reasonable costs of overall program management, coordination, monitoring, and evaluation. Such costs include, but are... CFR part 91. (e) Indirect Costs. Indirect costs may be charged to the HOME program under a...

  16. 24 CFR 92.207 - Eligible administrative and planning costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... administrative and planning costs include: (a) General management, oversight and coordination. Reasonable costs of overall program management, coordination, monitoring, and evaluation. Such costs include, but are... CFR part 91. (e) Indirect Costs. Indirect costs may be charged to the HOME program under a...

  17. 50 CFR 660.115 - Trawl fishery-cost recovery program.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 13 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Trawl fishery-cost recovery program. 660.115 Section 660.115 Wildlife and Fisheries FISHERY CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT, NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE (CONTINUED) FISHERIES OFF WEST COAST STATES West Coast Groundfish-Limited Entry Trawl Fisheries...

  18. 50 CFR 680.44 - Cost recovery.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... reconsideration. An RCR permit holder who receives an IAD may either appeal the IAD pursuant to 50 CFR 679.43 or... under 50 CFR 679.43 will begin anew upon issuance of the Regional Administrator's reconsidered IAD. The... fails to file an appeal of the IAD pursuant to 50 CFR 679.43 or request reconsideration within the...

  19. 50 CFR 680.44 - Cost recovery.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... reconsideration. An RCR permit holder who receives an IAD may either appeal the IAD pursuant to 50 CFR 679.43 or... under 50 CFR 679.43 will begin anew upon issuance of the Regional Administrator's reconsidered IAD. The... fails to file an appeal of the IAD pursuant to 50 CFR 679.43 or request reconsideration within the...

  20. 50 CFR 680.44 - Cost recovery.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... reconsideration. An RCR permit holder who receives an IAD may either appeal the IAD pursuant to 50 CFR 679.43 or... under 50 CFR 679.43 will begin anew upon issuance of the Regional Administrator's reconsidered IAD. The... fails to file an appeal of the IAD pursuant to 50 CFR 679.43 or request reconsideration within the...

  1. 50 CFR 680.44 - Cost recovery.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... reconsideration. An RCR permit holder who receives an IAD may either appeal the IAD pursuant to 50 CFR 679.43 or... under 50 CFR 679.43 will begin anew upon issuance of the Regional Administrator's reconsidered IAD. The... fails to file an appeal of the IAD pursuant to 50 CFR 679.43 or request reconsideration within the...

  2. 50 CFR 680.44 - Cost recovery.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... reconsideration. An RCR permit holder who receives an IAD may either appeal the IAD pursuant to 50 CFR 679.43 or... under 50 CFR 679.43 will begin anew upon issuance of the Regional Administrator's reconsidered IAD. The... fails to file an appeal of the IAD pursuant to 50 CFR 679.43 or request reconsideration within the...

  3. 5 CFR 1639.8 - Interest, penalty, and administrative costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Interest, penalty, and administrative costs. 1639.8 Section 1639.8 Administrative Personnel FEDERAL RETIREMENT THRIFT INVESTMENT BOARD CLAIMS COLLECTION Administrative Collection, Compromise, Termination, and Referral of Claims § 1639.8...

  4. 45 CFR 30.18 - Interest, penalties, and administrative costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... age of the debt, an administrative debt may be increased by the cost of living adjustment in lieu of... outstanding penalties, second to administrative charges, third to interest, and last to principal. (g)...

  5. 18 CFR 284.265 - Cost recovery by interstate pipeline.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... interstate pipeline. 284.265 Section 284.265 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY... § 284.265 Cost recovery by interstate pipeline. (a) Except as provided in paragraph (b), an interstate... directly assign the emergency gas costs to the recipient. (b) If an interstate pipeline cannot...

  6. 18 CFR 284.265 - Cost recovery by interstate pipeline.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... interstate pipeline. 284.265 Section 284.265 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY... § 284.265 Cost recovery by interstate pipeline. (a) Except as provided in paragraph (b), an interstate... directly assign the emergency gas costs to the recipient. (b) If an interstate pipeline cannot...

  7. 18 CFR 284.265 - Cost recovery by interstate pipeline.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... interstate pipeline. 284.265 Section 284.265 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY... § 284.265 Cost recovery by interstate pipeline. (a) Except as provided in paragraph (b), an interstate... directly assign the emergency gas costs to the recipient. (b) If an interstate pipeline cannot...

  8. 18 CFR 284.265 - Cost recovery by interstate pipeline.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... interstate pipeline. 284.265 Section 284.265 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY... § 284.265 Cost recovery by interstate pipeline. (a) Except as provided in paragraph (b), an interstate... directly assign the emergency gas costs to the recipient. (b) If an interstate pipeline cannot...

  9. 18 CFR 284.265 - Cost recovery by interstate pipeline.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... interstate pipeline. 284.265 Section 284.265 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY... § 284.265 Cost recovery by interstate pipeline. (a) Except as provided in paragraph (b), an interstate... directly assign the emergency gas costs to the recipient. (b) If an interstate pipeline cannot...

  10. 40 CFR 300.160 - Documentation and cost recovery.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 28 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Documentation and cost recovery. 300.160 Section 300.160 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SUPERFUND... response action taken, accurate accounting of federal, state, or private party costs incurred for...

  11. 24 CFR 1006.230 - Administrative and planning costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Administrative and planning costs... Administrative and planning costs. Up to such amount as HUD may authorize, or such other limit as may be... planning expenses of the DHHL relating to carrying out the Act and this part and activities assisted...

  12. 14 CFR 1261.412 - Interest, penalties, and administrative costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... costs. 1261.412 Section 1261.412 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION PROCESSING OF MONETARY CLAIMS (GENERAL) Collection of Civil Claims of the United States Arising Out of the... administrative costs. (a) Pursuant to 31 U.S.C. 3717, NASA shall assess interest, penalties, and...

  13. 11 CFR 111.55 - Interest, penalties, and administrative costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... subject to 31 U.S.C. 3717, in accordance with common law. ... Finance Laws § 111.55 Interest, penalties, and administrative costs. (a) The Commission shall assess... CFR 901.9. (b) The Commission shall waive collection of interest and administrative costs on a debt...

  14. 11 CFR 111.55 - Interest, penalties, and administrative costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... subject to 31 U.S.C. 3717, in accordance with common law. ... Finance Laws § 111.55 Interest, penalties, and administrative costs. (a) The Commission shall assess... CFR 901.9. (b) The Commission shall waive collection of interest and administrative costs on a debt...

  15. 11 CFR 111.55 - Interest, penalties, and administrative costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... subject to 31 U.S.C. 3717, in accordance with common law. ... Finance Laws § 111.55 Interest, penalties, and administrative costs. (a) The Commission shall assess... CFR 901.9. (b) The Commission shall waive collection of interest and administrative costs on a debt...

  16. 11 CFR 111.55 - Interest, penalties, and administrative costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... subject to 31 U.S.C. 3717, in accordance with common law. ... Finance Laws § 111.55 Interest, penalties, and administrative costs. (a) The Commission shall assess... CFR 901.9. (b) The Commission shall waive collection of interest and administrative costs on a debt...

  17. 44 CFR 208.42 - Reimbursement for other administrative costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... administrative costs. 208.42 Section 208.42 Emergency Management and Assistance FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY DISASTER ASSISTANCE NATIONAL URBAN SEARCH AND RESCUE RESPONSE SYSTEM Response Cooperative Agreements § 208.42 Reimbursement for other administrative costs....

  18. 5 CFR 179.214 - Interest, penalties and administrative costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... costs. 179.214 Section 179.214 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE....C. 3717 and 4 CFR part 101.1 et seq. Penalties and administrative costs will be assessed on all... in part 103 of 4 CFR, chapter II, relating to the compromise of claims (without regard to the...

  19. Cost recovery beds in public hospitals in Indonesia.

    PubMed

    Suwandono, A; Gani, A; Purwani, S; Blas, E; Brugha, R

    2001-12-01

    A policy of allowing public hospitals to provide some better quality, higher priced hospital beds for those able to pay was introduced as government policy in Indonesia after 1993. A study was conducted in 1998 in three public hospitals in East Java to investigate if the policy objective of cost-recovery was being achieved. Hospital revenue from these commercial beds was less than both the recurrent and total costs of providing them in all three hospitals, but exceeded recurrent costs minus staff salaries in two hospitals. One reason for the low cost-recovery ratios was that between 55% and 66% of the revenue was used as staff incentives, mostly to doctors. This was more than the maximum of 40% stipulated in the policy. The high proportions of total revenue going to staff were a result of hospital management having set bed fees too low. The policy may be contributing to the retention of doctors within public sector employment; however, it is not achieving its stated objective, especially over the longer term where full recovery of salaries and investment costs needs to be considered. Public hospitals that wish to invest in commercial beds need effective management and accounting systems so as to be able to monitor and control costs and set fees at levels that recoup the costs incurred. Further research is required to determine if this form of public-private mix has negative effects on equity and access for poorer patients. PMID:11772986

  20. 24 CFR 92.207 - Eligible administrative and planning costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... CFR part 91. (e) Indirect Costs. Indirect costs may be charged to the HOME program under a cost... consolidated plan. Preparation of the consolidated plan required under 24 CFR part 91. Preparation includes the... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Eligible administrative...

  1. 38 CFR 62.70 - Financial management and administrative costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...-Profit Organizations,” codified by VA at 38 CFR Part 41. (b) Grantees must use a financial management... forth in OMB Circular A-122, Cost Principles for Non-Profit Organizations, codified at 2 CFR Part 235... management of the program. These costs will include the administrative costs, both direct and indirect,...

  2. 38 CFR 62.70 - Financial management and administrative costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...-Profit Organizations,” codified by VA at 38 CFR part 41. (b) Grantees must use a financial management... forth in OMB Circular A-122, Cost Principles for Non-Profit Organizations, codified at 2 CFR part 235... management of the program. These costs will include the administrative costs, both direct and indirect,...

  3. 38 CFR 62.70 - Financial management and administrative costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...-Profit Organizations,” codified by VA at 38 CFR Part 41. (b) Grantees must use a financial management... forth in OMB Circular A-122, Cost Principles for Non-Profit Organizations, codified at 2 CFR Part 235... management of the program. These costs will include the administrative costs, both direct and indirect,...

  4. 38 CFR 62.70 - Financial management and administrative costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...-Profit Organizations,” codified by VA at 38 CFR Part 41. (b) Grantees must use a financial management... forth in OMB Circular A-122, Cost Principles for Non-Profit Organizations, codified at 2 CFR Part 235... management of the program. These costs will include the administrative costs, both direct and indirect,...

  5. 40 CFR 300.160 - Documentation and cost recovery.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 29 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Documentation and cost recovery. 300.160 Section 300.160 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SUPERFUND, EMERGENCY PLANNING, AND COMMUNITY RIGHT-TO-KNOW PROGRAMS NATIONAL OIL AND HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES...

  6. 40 CFR 300.160 - Documentation and cost recovery.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 28 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Documentation and cost recovery. 300.160 Section 300.160 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SUPERFUND, EMERGENCY PLANNING, AND COMMUNITY RIGHT-TO-KNOW PROGRAMS NATIONAL OIL AND HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES...

  7. 40 CFR 300.160 - Documentation and cost recovery.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 29 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Documentation and cost recovery. 300.160 Section 300.160 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SUPERFUND, EMERGENCY PLANNING, AND COMMUNITY RIGHT-TO-KNOW PROGRAMS NATIONAL OIL AND HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES...

  8. 78 FR 49945 - Minerals Management: Adjustment of Cost Recovery Fees

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-16

    ... prohibition to apply to geophysical exploration permits. 70 FR 58854--58855. While the $25 fees for.... 1734. In 2005, the BLM published a final cost recovery rule (70 FR 58854) establishing or revising... published September 10, 2012 (77 FR 55420), effective October 1, 2012. \\2\\ The Existing Value is the...

  9. 75 FR 55678 - Minerals Management: Adjustment of Cost Recovery Fees

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-14

    ... exploration permits. 70 FR 58854--58855. While the $25 fees for geophysical exploration permit applications... Management Act of 1976 (FLPMA), 43 U.S.C. 1734. In 2005, the BLM published a final cost recovery rule (70 FR... update rule became effective on October 1, 2009, 74 FR 49330 (Sept. 28, 2009), based on the IPD-GDP...

  10. 47 CFR 64.1515 - Recovery of costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Recovery of costs. 64.1515 Section 64.1515 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) COMMON CARRIER SERVICES (CONTINUED) MISCELLANEOUS RULES RELATING TO COMMON CARRIERS Interstate Pay-Per-Call and Other Information Services §...

  11. 29 CFR 825.213 - Employer recovery of benefit costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... THE FAMILY AND MEDICAL LEAVE ACT OF 1993 Employee Leave Entitlements Under the Family and Medical Leave Act § 825.213 Employer recovery of benefit costs. (a) In addition to the circumstances discussed... leave, the employer may require medical certification of the employee's or the......

  12. 29 CFR 825.213 - Employer recovery of benefit costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... THE FAMILY AND MEDICAL LEAVE ACT OF 1993 Employee Leave Entitlements Under the Family and Medical Leave Act § 825.213 Employer recovery of benefit costs. (a) In addition to the circumstances discussed... leave, the employer may require medical certification of the employee's or the......

  13. 29 CFR 825.213 - Employer recovery of benefit costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... THE FAMILY AND MEDICAL LEAVE ACT OF 1993 Employee Leave Entitlements Under the Family and Medical Leave Act § 825.213 Employer recovery of benefit costs. (a) In addition to the circumstances discussed... may require medical certification of the employee's or the family member's serious......

  14. 29 CFR 825.213 - Employer recovery of benefit costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... THE FAMILY AND MEDICAL LEAVE ACT OF 1993 Employee Leave Entitlements Under the Family and Medical Leave Act § 825.213 Employer recovery of benefit costs. (a) In addition to the circumstances discussed... leave, the employer may require medical certification of the employee's or the......

  15. 29 CFR 825.213 - Employer recovery of benefit costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... THE FAMILY AND MEDICAL LEAVE ACT OF 1993 Employee Leave Entitlements Under the Family and Medical Leave Act § 825.213 Employer recovery of benefit costs. (a) In addition to the circumstances discussed... may require medical certification of the employee's or the family member's serious......

  16. Cost Recovery: Finding a Needle in the Haystack.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Colucci, Michael A.

    1988-01-01

    The first step in cost recovery for asbestos removal is identification of product and manufacturer. Tables illustrate sources of product identification, types of asbestos bulk sample reports and source documents, asbestos-related diseases, and the synergistic effect of asbestos and cigarette smoking. (MLF)

  17. 18 CFR 11.1 - Costs of administration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ..., 1995, 18 CFR 381.601 (1994), until the total of all such credits equals the filing fee that was paid... Government Dams § 11.1 Costs of administration. (a) Authority. Pursuant to section 10(e) of the Federal...

  18. 18 CFR 11.1 - Costs of administration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ..., 1995, 18 CFR 381.601 (1994), until the total of all such credits equals the filing fee that was paid... Government Dams § 11.1 Costs of administration. (a) Authority. Pursuant to section 10(e) of the Federal...

  19. 45 CFR 1179.12 - Interest, penalties, and administrative costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... administrative costs in accordance with the Federal Claims Collection Standards, 4 CFR 102.13. ... FOUNDATION ON THE ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR THE HUMANITIES SALARY OFFSET §...

  20. 45 CFR 1179.12 - Interest, penalties, and administrative costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... administrative costs in accordance with the Federal Claims Collection Standards, 4 CFR 102.13. ... FOUNDATION ON THE ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR THE HUMANITIES SALARY OFFSET §...

  1. 45 CFR 1179.12 - Interest, penalties, and administrative costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... administrative costs in accordance with the Federal Claims Collection Standards, 4 CFR 102.13. ... FOUNDATION ON THE ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR THE HUMANITIES SALARY OFFSET §...

  2. 45 CFR 1179.12 - Interest, penalties, and administrative costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... administrative costs in accordance with the Federal Claims Collection Standards, 4 CFR 102.13. ... FOUNDATION ON THE ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR THE HUMANITIES SALARY OFFSET §...

  3. 45 CFR 1179.12 - Interest, penalties, and administrative costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... administrative costs in accordance with the Federal Claims Collection Standards, 4 CFR 102.13. ... FOUNDATION ON THE ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR THE HUMANITIES SALARY OFFSET §...

  4. 42 CFR 409.46 - Allowable administrative costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Allowable administrative costs. 409.46 Section 409... MEDICARE PROGRAM HOSPITAL INSURANCE BENEFITS Home Health Services Under Hospital Insurance § 409.46... supervising home health aides as required at § 484.36(d) of this chapter are allowable administrative...

  5. 42 CFR 409.46 - Allowable administrative costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Allowable administrative costs. 409.46 Section 409... MEDICARE PROGRAM HOSPITAL INSURANCE BENEFITS Home Health Services Under Hospital Insurance § 409.46... supervising home health aides as required at § 484.36(d) of this chapter are allowable administrative...

  6. 42 CFR 409.46 - Allowable administrative costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Allowable administrative costs. 409.46 Section 409... MEDICARE PROGRAM HOSPITAL INSURANCE BENEFITS Home Health Services Under Hospital Insurance § 409.46... supervising home health aides as required at § 484.36(d) of this chapter are allowable administrative...

  7. 17 CFR 204.44 - Interest, penalties, and administrative costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Interest, penalties, and administrative costs. 204.44 Section 204.44 Commodity and Securities Exchanges SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION RULES RELATING TO DEBT COLLECTION Salary Offset § 204.44 Interest, penalties, and administrative...

  8. 24 CFR 1003.206 - Program administration costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... reasonable administrative costs and carrying charges related to the planning and execution of community... this section and in § 1003.205—Eligible planning, urban environmental design and policy-planning-management capacity building activities. This does not include staff and overhead costs directly related...

  9. 42 CFR 409.46 - Allowable administrative costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...) Respiratory care services. If a respiratory therapist is used to furnish overall training or consultative advice to an HHA's staff and incidentally provides respiratory therapy services to beneficiaries in their homes, the costs of the respiratory therapist's services are allowable as administrative costs....

  10. 22 CFR 1007.12 - Interest, penalties, and administrative costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... costs in accordance with the Federal Claims Collection Standards, 4 CFR 102.13. ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Interest, penalties, and administrative costs. 1007.12 Section 1007.12 Foreign Relations INTER-AMERICAN FOUNDATION SALARY OFFSET § 1007.12...

  11. 22 CFR 1007.12 - Interest, penalties, and administrative costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... costs in accordance with the Federal Claims Collection Standards, 4 CFR 102.13. ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2011-04-01 2009-04-01 true Interest, penalties, and administrative costs. 1007.12 Section 1007.12 Foreign Relations INTER-AMERICAN FOUNDATION SALARY OFFSET § 1007.12...

  12. 22 CFR 1007.12 - Interest, penalties, and administrative costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... costs in accordance with the Federal Claims Collection Standards, 4 CFR 102.13. ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Interest, penalties, and administrative costs. 1007.12 Section 1007.12 Foreign Relations INTER-AMERICAN FOUNDATION SALARY OFFSET § 1007.12...

  13. 22 CFR 1007.12 - Interest, penalties, and administrative costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... costs in accordance with the Federal Claims Collection Standards, 4 CFR 102.13. ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2012-04-01 2009-04-01 true Interest, penalties, and administrative costs. 1007.12 Section 1007.12 Foreign Relations INTER-AMERICAN FOUNDATION SALARY OFFSET § 1007.12...

  14. 22 CFR 1007.12 - Interest, penalties, and administrative costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... costs in accordance with the Federal Claims Collection Standards, 4 CFR 102.13. ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2013-04-01 2009-04-01 true Interest, penalties, and administrative costs. 1007.12 Section 1007.12 Foreign Relations INTER-AMERICAN FOUNDATION SALARY OFFSET § 1007.12...

  15. The social impact of cost recovery measures in Zimbabwe.

    PubMed

    Nyambuya, M N

    1994-03-01

    Since the International Monetary Fund/World Bank Economic Structural Adjustment Program (ESAP) in Zimbabwe was adopted in 1990, health care and education costs have escalated, and many people fail to get these services owing to poverty. The post-independence era in Zimbabwe witnessed a tremendous growth in education and health with many schools, colleges, hospitals and clinics built, professional staff employed, and a general expansion in demand. Nevertheless, the question of drug shortages and ever-increasing health care costs were not addressed. A deficient transport network, the increases in drug prices, the exodus of professional staff, the devaluation of the Zimbabwe dollar, and the cost recovery measures endangered the right to acceptable health care. The social service cutbacks adopted by the government in education will deepen poverty. After independence, the Zimbabwean education system had a free tuition policy at primary school levels. Now that the government reintroduced school fees, a generation of illiterate and semi-illiterate school dropouts will grow up. The social implications of this include increases in crime, prostitution, the number of street kids, the spread of diseases, and social discontent, which are the symptoms of a shrinking economy. As a result of the cost recovery measures, school enrollment in rural areas has gone up. Some urban parents have been forced to transfer their children to rural schools. Higher education also suffers, as government subsidies to colleges and universities have been drastically curtailed. The budgetary cuts have grave repercussions for teaching and research, as poor working conditions and low morals of lecturers and students become prevalent. Most wage-earning Zimbabweans' living standards have deteriorated as the cost of living continues to escalate, coupled with the cost recovery measures in the name of ESAP.

  16. 77 FR 55420 - Minerals Management: Adjustment of Cost Recovery Fees

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-10

    ... Management Act of 1976 (FLPMA), 43 U.S.C. 1734. In 2005, the BLM published a final cost recovery rule (70 FR... Implicit Price Deflator for Gross Domestic Product (IPD-GDP), which is published quarterly by the U.S... are based on the change in the IPD-GDP from the 4th Quarter of one calendar year to the 4th Quarter...

  17. 76 FR 59058 - Minerals Management: Adjustment of Cost Recovery Fees

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-23

    ... Management Act of 1976 (FLPMA), 43 U.S.C. 1734. In 2005, the BLM published a final cost recovery rule (70 FR... Implicit Price Deflator for Gross Domestic Product (IPD-GDP), which is published quarterly by the U.S... are based on the change in the IPD-GDP from the 4th Quarter of one calendar year to the 4th Quarter...

  18. 40 CFR 35.928-2 - Use of industrial cost recovery payments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Use of industrial cost recovery... Water Act § 35.928-2 Use of industrial cost recovery payments. (a) The grantee shall use industrial cost recovery payments received from industrial users as follows: (1) The grantee shall return 50 percent of...

  19. 40 CFR 35.928-2 - Use of industrial cost recovery payments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Use of industrial cost recovery... Water Act § 35.928-2 Use of industrial cost recovery payments. (a) The grantee shall use industrial cost recovery payments received from industrial users as follows: (1) The grantee shall return 50 percent of...

  20. 40 CFR 35.928-2 - Use of industrial cost recovery payments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Use of industrial cost recovery... Water Act § 35.928-2 Use of industrial cost recovery payments. (a) The grantee shall use industrial cost recovery payments received from industrial users as follows: (1) The grantee shall return 50 percent of...

  1. 40 CFR 35.928-2 - Use of industrial cost recovery payments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Use of industrial cost recovery... Water Act § 35.928-2 Use of industrial cost recovery payments. (a) The grantee shall use industrial cost recovery payments received from industrial users as follows: (1) The grantee shall return 50 percent of...

  2. 40 CFR 35.928-2 - Use of industrial cost recovery payments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Use of industrial cost recovery... Water Act § 35.928-2 Use of industrial cost recovery payments. (a) The grantee shall use industrial cost recovery payments received from industrial users as follows: (1) The grantee shall return 50 percent of...

  3. A comparison of hospital administrative costs in eight nations: US costs exceed all others by far.

    PubMed

    Himmelstein, David U; Jun, Miraya; Busse, Reinhard; Chevreul, Karine; Geissler, Alexander; Jeurissen, Patrick; Thomson, Sarah; Vinet, Marie-Amelie; Woolhandler, Steffie

    2014-09-01

    A few studies have noted the outsize administrative costs of US hospitals, but no research has compared these costs across multiple nations with various types of health care systems. We assembled a team of international health policy experts to conduct just such a challenging analysis of hospital administrative costs across eight nations: Canada, England, Scotland, Wales, France, Germany, the Netherlands, and the United States. We found that administrative costs accounted for 25.3 percent of total US hospital expenditures--a percentage that is increasing. Next highest were the Netherlands (19.8 percent) and England (15.5 percent), both of which are transitioning to market-oriented payment systems. Scotland and Canada, whose single-payer systems pay hospitals global operating budgets, with separate grants for capital, had the lowest administrative costs. Costs were intermediate in France and Germany (which bill per patient but pay separately for capital projects) and in Wales. Reducing US per capita spending for hospital administration to Scottish or Canadian levels would have saved more than $150 billion in 2011. This study suggests that the reduction of US administrative costs would best be accomplished through the use of a simpler and less market-oriented payment scheme.

  4. 45 CFR 607.12 - Interest, penalties, and administrative costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... Federal Claims Collection Standards, 4 CFR 101.1. ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Interest, penalties, and administrative costs. 607.12 Section 607.12 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL...

  5. 45 CFR 607.12 - Interest, penalties, and administrative costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... Federal Claims Collection Standards, 4 CFR 101.1. ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Interest, penalties, and administrative costs. 607.12 Section 607.12 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL...

  6. 45 CFR 607.12 - Interest, penalties, and administrative costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... Federal Claims Collection Standards, 4 CFR 101.1. ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Interest, penalties, and administrative costs. 607.12 Section 607.12 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL...

  7. 24 CFR 1006.230 - Administrative and planning costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Administrative and planning costs. 1006.230 Section 1006.230 Housing and Urban Development REGULATIONS RELATING TO HOUSING AND URBAN... URBAN DEVELOPMENT NATIVE HAWAIIAN HOUSING BLOCK GRANT PROGRAM Eligible Activities §...

  8. 45 CFR 607.12 - Interest, penalties, and administrative costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... Federal Claims Collection Standards, 4 CFR 101.1. ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Interest, penalties, and administrative costs. 607.12 Section 607.12 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL...

  9. 24 CFR 570.206 - Program administrative costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 3 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Program administrative costs. 570.206 Section 570.206 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development (Continued) OFFICE OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR COMMUNITY PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT, DEPARTMENT...

  10. 24 CFR 570.206 - Program administrative costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... applications and proposals under the Section 8 Housing Assistance Payments Program pursuant to 24 CFR parts 880... 24 Housing and Urban Development 3 2011-04-01 2010-04-01 true Program administrative costs. 570.206 Section 570.206 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and...

  11. 42 CFR 409.46 - Allowable administrative costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Allowable administrative costs. 409.46 Section 409.46 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES... that constitute skilled care may be separately billed as skilled visits. (d) Dietary and...

  12. 11 CFR 8.5 - Interest, penalties, and administrative costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... CFR 902.2(a). (d) The Commission is authorized to impose interest and related charges on debts not subject to 31 U.S.C. 3717, in accordance with common law. ... administrative costs on debts owed to the United States Government in accordance with 31 U.S.C. 3717 and 31...

  13. 45 CFR 607.12 - Interest, penalties, and administrative costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Interest, penalties, and administrative costs. 607.12 Section 607.12 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL SCIENCE... Federal Claims Collection Standards, 4 CFR 101.1....

  14. 24 CFR 1003.206 - Program administration costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... this section and in § 1003.205—Eligible planning, urban environmental design and policy-planning... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Program administration costs. 1003.206 Section 1003.206 Housing and Urban Development REGULATIONS RELATING TO HOUSING AND...

  15. 26 CFR 301.7430-4 - Reasonable administrative costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 18 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Reasonable administrative costs. 301.7430-4 Section 301.7430-4 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED... calendar year (substituting “calendar year 1995” for “calendar year 1992” in section 1(f)(3)(B)). If...

  16. 45 CFR 1177.7 - Interest, penalties, and administrative costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Interest, penalties, and administrative costs. 1177.7 Section 1177.7 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL FOUNDATION ON THE ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR THE HUMANITIES CLAIMS COLLECTION §...

  17. 45 CFR 1177.7 - Interest, penalties, and administrative costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Interest, penalties, and administrative costs. 1177.7 Section 1177.7 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL FOUNDATION ON THE ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR THE HUMANITIES CLAIMS COLLECTION §...

  18. 18 CFR 11.1 - Costs of administration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ..., 1995, 18 CFR 381.601 (1994), until the total of all such credits equals the filing fee that was paid... all such outstanding licenses or exemptions. (4) To enable the Commission to compute on the bill for... of bills based on the administrative costs incurred by the Commission during the year in which...

  19. 18 CFR 11.1 - Costs of administration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ..., 1995, 18 CFR 381.601 (1994), until the total of all such credits equals the filing fee that was paid... all such outstanding licenses or exemptions. (4) To enable the Commission to compute on the bill for... of bills based on the administrative costs incurred by the Commission during the year in which...

  20. 18 CFR 11.1 - Costs of administration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ..., 1995, 18 CFR 381.601 (1994), until the total of all such credits equals the filing fee that was paid... all such outstanding licenses or exemptions. (4) To enable the Commission to compute on the bill for... of bills based on the administrative costs incurred by the Commission during the year in which...

  1. 24 CFR 1006.230 - Administrative and planning costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Administrative and planning costs. 1006.230 Section 1006.230 Housing and Urban Development REGULATIONS RELATING TO HOUSING AND URBAN... URBAN DEVELOPMENT NATIVE HAWAIIAN HOUSING BLOCK GRANT PROGRAM Eligible Activities §...

  2. 45 CFR 1177.7 - Interest, penalties, and administrative costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Interest, penalties, and administrative costs. 1177.7 Section 1177.7 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL FOUNDATION ON THE ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR THE HUMANITIES CLAIMS COLLECTION §...

  3. 45 CFR 1177.7 - Interest, penalties, and administrative costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Interest, penalties, and administrative costs. 1177.7 Section 1177.7 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL FOUNDATION ON THE ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR THE HUMANITIES CLAIMS COLLECTION §...

  4. 45 CFR 1177.7 - Interest, penalties, and administrative costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Interest, penalties, and administrative costs. 1177.7 Section 1177.7 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL FOUNDATION ON THE ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR THE HUMANITIES CLAIMS COLLECTION §...

  5. 7 CFR 3.17 - Interest, penalties, and administrative costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    .... The cost of living adjustment is the percentage by which the Consumer Price Index for the month of June of the calendar year preceding the adjustment exceeds the Consumer Price Index for the month of... administrative debts shall be computed annually. Agencies may use this alternative only when there is...

  6. 31 CFR 901.9 - Interest, penalties, and administrative costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... and loan guaranties. The cost of living adjustment is the percentage by which the Consumer Price Index for the month of June of the calendar year preceding the adjustment exceeds the Consumer Price Index.... Increases to administrative debts shall be computed annually. Agencies should use this alternative only...

  7. 7 CFR 247.24 - Recovery and redistribution of caseload and administrative funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 4 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Recovery and redistribution of caseload and... FOOD PROGRAM § 247.24 Recovery and redistribution of caseload and administrative funds. (a) May FNS.... FNS will not unilaterally recover caseload that would result in the recovery of more than 50...

  8. 7 CFR 247.24 - Recovery and redistribution of caseload and administrative funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 4 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Recovery and redistribution of caseload and... FOOD PROGRAM § 247.24 Recovery and redistribution of caseload and administrative funds. (a) May FNS.... FNS will not unilaterally recover caseload that would result in the recovery of more than 50...

  9. 7 CFR 247.24 - Recovery and redistribution of caseload and administrative funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 4 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Recovery and redistribution of caseload and... FOOD PROGRAM § 247.24 Recovery and redistribution of caseload and administrative funds. (a) May FNS.... FNS will not unilaterally recover caseload that would result in the recovery of more than 50...

  10. 7 CFR 247.24 - Recovery and redistribution of caseload and administrative funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Recovery and redistribution of caseload and... FOOD PROGRAM § 247.24 Recovery and redistribution of caseload and administrative funds. (a) May FNS.... FNS will not unilaterally recover caseload that would result in the recovery of more than 50...

  11. 7 CFR 247.24 - Recovery and redistribution of caseload and administrative funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 4 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Recovery and redistribution of caseload and... FOOD PROGRAM § 247.24 Recovery and redistribution of caseload and administrative funds. (a) May FNS.... FNS will not unilaterally recover caseload that would result in the recovery of more than 50...

  12. The Cost of Prestige: Do New Research I Universities Incur Higher Administrative Costs?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morphew, Christopher C.; Baker, Bruce D.

    2004-01-01

    The authors construct and respond to several questions about changing administrative costs for new Research I Universities, a group of institutions that might be expected to incur new costs as a result of their new status. Using IPEDS data, the study provides mixed support for the claim that universities reaching the pinnacle of research…

  13. 20 CFR 255.16 - Administrative relief from recovery.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... the overpaid individual was at fault as defined in § 255.11 of this part, the Board may forego recovery of the overpayment where the individual from whom recovery is sought was not at fault in causing... illustrated by the following examples: Example (1): An employee, through his own fault, causes an...

  14. 20 CFR 255.16 - Administrative relief from recovery.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... the overpaid individual was at fault as defined in § 255.11 of this part, the Board may forego recovery of the overpayment where the individual from whom recovery is sought was not at fault in causing... illustrated by the following examples: Example (1): An employee, through his own fault, causes an...

  15. 20 CFR 255.16 - Administrative relief from recovery.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... the overpaid individual was at fault as defined in § 255.11 of this part, the Board may forego recovery of the overpayment where the individual from whom recovery is sought was not at fault in causing... illustrated by the following examples: Example (1): An employee, through his own fault, causes an...

  16. Cost recovery shifts the brand image from Prudence to Protector.

    PubMed

    Winsbury, R

    1992-01-01

    Social marketing programs are underway in Africa. One program markets condoms in Zaire and Cote d'Ivoire under the brand name Prudence. While a cost element does exist, this program was largely designed to demonstrate the viability of social marketing programs. Emphasis has now been placed upon recovering costs, and condoms are marketed under the name of Protector. Since the US wants to reduce its role as the dominant funder of condom distribution in Africa, and governments and other donors want to be able to buy condoms more cheaply on the open market, the recent cost recovery version of the program will most likely displace the initial version. The Protector program strives toward achieving scale economies and financial self-sufficiency. Specifically, the program aims to standardize campaign materials across all participating countries, make private sector partner organizations in each country responsible for local distribution and marketing, and have earnings pay for a predefined part of program expenditures. Conceptually, Prudence is marketed to prevent AIDS, while Protector is promoted more broadly against sexually transmitted diseases and unwanted pregnancies. Social marketing programs are spreading and condom use is on the rise. The World Health Organization Global Program on AIDS sees its role as advocating condom use and encouraging donors to fund social marketing programs.

  17. 45 CFR 286.55 - What types of costs are subject to the administrative cost limit on Tribal Family Assistance...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES TRIBAL TANF PROVISIONS Tribal TANF Funding... administrative cost cap, even if they fall within the definition of “administrative costs.” (c)...

  18. 36 CFR 1206.45 - What rules govern subgrant distribution, cost sharing, grant administration, and reporting?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... distribution, cost sharing, grant administration, and reporting? 1206.45 Section 1206.45 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL ARCHIVES AND RECORDS ADMINISTRATION GENERAL RULES NATIONAL HISTORICAL..., cost sharing, grant administration, and reporting? (a) The Commission will annually establish...

  19. 40 CFR 35.925-11 - User charges and industrial cost recovery.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false User charges and industrial cost... Water Act § 35.925-11 User charges and industrial cost recovery. That, in the case of grant assistance... requirements for user charge and industrial cost recovery systems. (See §§ 35.928 et seq., 35.929 et seq.,...

  20. 40 CFR 35.928-4 - Moratorium on industrial cost recovery payments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Moratorium on industrial cost recovery... Water Act § 35.928-4 Moratorium on industrial cost recovery payments. (a) EPA does not require that industrial users defined in paragraphs (a) and (b) of the definition in § 35.905 pay industrial cost...

  1. 40 CFR 35.928-4 - Moratorium on industrial cost recovery payments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Moratorium on industrial cost recovery... Water Act § 35.928-4 Moratorium on industrial cost recovery payments. (a) EPA does not require that industrial users defined in paragraphs (a) and (b) of the definition in § 35.905 pay industrial cost...

  2. 40 CFR 35.928-3 - Implementation of the industrial cost recovery system.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Implementation of the industrial cost...-Clean Water Act § 35.928-3 Implementation of the industrial cost recovery system. (a) When a grantee's industrial cost recovery system is approved, implementation of the approved system shall become a...

  3. 40 CFR 35.928-3 - Implementation of the industrial cost recovery system.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Implementation of the industrial cost...-Clean Water Act § 35.928-3 Implementation of the industrial cost recovery system. (a) When a grantee's industrial cost recovery system is approved, implementation of the approved system shall become a...

  4. 40 CFR 35.928-3 - Implementation of the industrial cost recovery system.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Implementation of the industrial cost...-Clean Water Act § 35.928-3 Implementation of the industrial cost recovery system. (a) When a grantee's industrial cost recovery system is approved, implementation of the approved system shall become a...

  5. 40 CFR 35.928-3 - Implementation of the industrial cost recovery system.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Implementation of the industrial cost...-Clean Water Act § 35.928-3 Implementation of the industrial cost recovery system. (a) When a grantee's industrial cost recovery system is approved, implementation of the approved system shall become a...

  6. 40 CFR 35.928-3 - Implementation of the industrial cost recovery system.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Implementation of the industrial cost...-Clean Water Act § 35.928-3 Implementation of the industrial cost recovery system. (a) When a grantee's industrial cost recovery system is approved, implementation of the approved system shall become a...

  7. 40 CFR 35.925-11 - User charges and industrial cost recovery.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false User charges and industrial cost... Water Act § 35.925-11 User charges and industrial cost recovery. That, in the case of grant assistance... requirements for user charge and industrial cost recovery systems. (See §§ 35.928 et seq., 35.929 et seq.,...

  8. 40 CFR 35.925-11 - User charges and industrial cost recovery.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false User charges and industrial cost... Water Act § 35.925-11 User charges and industrial cost recovery. That, in the case of grant assistance... requirements for user charge and industrial cost recovery systems. (See §§ 35.928 et seq., 35.929 et seq.,...

  9. 40 CFR 35.925-11 - User charges and industrial cost recovery.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false User charges and industrial cost... Water Act § 35.925-11 User charges and industrial cost recovery. That, in the case of grant assistance... requirements for user charge and industrial cost recovery systems. (See §§ 35.928 et seq., 35.929 et seq.,...

  10. 40 CFR 35.925-11 - User charges and industrial cost recovery.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false User charges and industrial cost... Water Act § 35.925-11 User charges and industrial cost recovery. That, in the case of grant assistance... requirements for user charge and industrial cost recovery systems. (See §§ 35.928 et seq., 35.929 et seq.,...

  11. 76 FR 32202 - Proposed Settlement Agreement for Recovery of Past Response Costs Under the Comprehensive...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-03

    ... AGENCY Proposed Settlement Agreement for Recovery of Past Response Costs Under the Comprehensive... settlement for recovery of past response costs at the Agawam Sportsman's Club Superfund Site, in Agawam... Protection Agency (the ``Agency'') for past response costs incurred at the Site. ASC would be required...

  12. Evaluating the administration costs of biologic drugs: development of a cost algorithm.

    PubMed

    Tetteh, Ebenezer K; Morris, Stephen

    2014-12-01

    Biologic drugs, as with all other medical technologies, are subject to a number of regulatory, marketing, reimbursement (financing) and other demand-restricting hurdles applied by healthcare payers. One example is the routine use of cost-effectiveness analyses or health technology assessments to determine which medical technologies offer value-for-money. The manner in which these assessments are conducted suggests that, holding all else equal, the economic value of biologic drugs may be determined by how much is spent on administering these drugs or trade-offs between drug acquisition and administration costs. Yet, on the supply-side, it seems very little attention is given to how manufacturing and formulation choices affect healthcare delivery costs. This paper evaluates variations in the administration costs of biologic drugs, taking care to ensure consistent inclusion of all relevant cost resources. From this, it develops a regression-based algorithm with which manufacturers could possibly predict, during process development, how their manufacturing and formulation choices may impact on the healthcare delivery costs of their products. PMID:26208926

  13. 40 CFR 35.928-4 - Moratorium on industrial cost recovery payments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Moratorium on industrial cost recovery payments. 35.928-4 Section 35.928-4 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GRANTS AND... industrial cost recovery charges incurred for accounting periods or portions of periods ending before...

  14. 40 CFR 35.928-4 - Moratorium on industrial cost recovery payments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Moratorium on industrial cost recovery payments. 35.928-4 Section 35.928-4 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GRANTS AND... industrial cost recovery charges incurred for accounting periods or portions of periods ending before...

  15. 40 CFR 35.928-4 - Moratorium on industrial cost recovery payments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Moratorium on industrial cost recovery payments. 35.928-4 Section 35.928-4 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GRANTS AND... industrial cost recovery charges incurred for accounting periods or portions of periods ending before...

  16. 76 FR 26291 - Proposed CERCLA AdministrativeCost Recovery” Settlement; the Doe Run Resources Corporation

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-06

    ... settlement for recovery of past response costs concerning the Big River Mine Tailings Superfund Site, St... facts or considerations which indicate that the settlement is inappropriate, improper, or...

  17. The Economics of Perception: Potential Effect regarding Institutional Uses of Recovered Facilities and Administrative Costs upon a Faculty Member's Decision to Engage in Sponsored Research Activity

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hatfield, Anne Elizabeth

    2012-01-01

    There is one aspect of sponsored research associated with higher education's research enterprise that often places the institution's research administrators and the institution's faculty members in conflict with each other; the recovery of Facilities and Administrative (F&A) costs associated with sponsored research projects (Sedwick, 2009;…

  18. Phronesis, a diagnosis and recovery tool for system administrators

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Haen, C.; Barra, V.; Bonaccorsi, E.; Neufeld, N.

    2014-06-01

    The LHCb experiment relies on the Online system, which includes a very large and heterogeneous computing cluster. Ensuring the proper behavior of the different tasks running on the more than 2000 servers represents a huge workload for the small operator team and is a 24/7 task. At CHEP 2012, we presented a prototype of a framework that we designed in order to support the experts. The main objective is to provide them with steadily improving diagnosis and recovery solutions in case of misbehavior of a service, without having to modify the original applications. Our framework is based on adapted principles of the Autonomic Computing model, on Reinforcement Learning algorithms, as well as innovative concepts such as Shared Experience. While the submission at CHEP 2012 showed the validity of our prototype on simulations, we here present an implementation with improved algorithms and manipulation tools, and report on the experience gained with running it in the LHCb Online system.

  19. 42 CFR 417.564 - Apportionment and allocation of administrative and general costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Apportionment and allocation of administrative and... Apportionment and allocation of administrative and general costs. (a) Costs not directly associated with... administrative and general costs that are not included in paragraph (a) of this section. (2) The allocation...

  20. 76 FR 74806 - Adjustment of the Amount of an Administrative Costs Assessment

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-01

    ... Bureau of Reclamation Adjustment of the Amount of an Administrative Costs Assessment AGENCY: Bureau of... decreasing the amount of the administrative costs assessment set forth in the Acreage Limitation Rules and... administrative costs assessment is being decreased to $230. DATES: The decrease in the amount of...

  1. 20 CFR 668.820 - What rules apply to administrative costs under the INA program?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... ACT Administrative Requirements § 668.820 What rules apply to administrative costs under the INA program? The definition and treatment of administrative costs are covered in 20 CFR 667.210(b) and 667.220. ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false What rules apply to administrative...

  2. 47 CFR 27.1178 - Administration of the Cost-Sharing Plan.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Administration of the Cost-Sharing Plan. 27....1178 Administration of the Cost-Sharing Plan. The Wireless Telecommunications Bureau, under delegated... clearinghouse(s) will administer the cost-sharing plan by, inter alia, determining the cost-sharing...

  3. Mission possible: creating a technology infrastructure to help reduce administrative costs.

    PubMed

    Alper, Michael

    2003-01-01

    Controlling administrative costs associated with managed care benefits has traditionally been considered a "mission impossible" in healthcare, with the unreasonably high cost of paperwork and administration pushing past the $420 billion mark. Why administrative costs remain a critical problem in healthcare while other industries have alleviated their administrative burdens must be carefully examined. This article looks at the key factors contributing to high administrative costs and how these costs can be controlled in the future with "mission possible" tools, including business process outsourcing, IT outsourcing, technology that helps to bring "consumerism" to managed care, and an IT infrastructure that improves quality and outcomes. PMID:14983647

  4. 75 FR 8701 - Settlement Agreement for Recovery of Past Response Costs Colorado Bumper Exchange Site, Pueblo...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-25

    ... AGENCY Settlement Agreement for Recovery of Past Response Costs Colorado Bumper Exchange Site, Pueblo... United States has at this Site for Past Response Costs, as those terms are defined in the Settlement...,000.00 to EPA in settlement of its liability for Past Response Costs incurred at the Site. In...

  5. 43 CFR 426.23 - Recovery of operation and maintenance (O&M) costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Recovery of operation and maintenance (O&M... operation and maintenance (O&M) costs. (a) General. All new, amended, and renewed contracts shall provide for payment of O&M costs as specified in this section. (b) Amount of O&M costs a district must pay...

  6. 45 CFR 286.55 - What types of costs are subject to the administrative cost limit on Tribal Family Assistance...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 2 2014-10-01 2012-10-01 true What types of costs are subject to the administrative cost limit on Tribal Family Assistance Grant funds? 286.55 Section 286.55 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF FAMILY ASSISTANCE (ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH...

  7. 24 CFR 92.207 - Eligible administrative and planning costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... CFR part 91. (e) Indirect Costs. Indirect costs may be charged to the HOME program under a cost... consolidated plan. Preparation of the consolidated plan required under 24 CFR part 91. Preparation includes the... planning costs. 92.207 Section 92.207 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary, Department...

  8. 26 CFR 1.43-4 - Qualified enhanced oil recovery costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... tangible property is used directly in a qualified enhanced oil recovery project and is essential to the... gas and water from the oil after it is produced are used directly in the project and are essential to... 26 Internal Revenue 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Qualified enhanced oil recovery costs....

  9. 26 CFR 1.43-4 - Qualified enhanced oil recovery costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... tangible property is used directly in a qualified enhanced oil recovery project and is essential to the... gas and water from the oil after it is produced are used directly in the project and are essential to... 26 Internal Revenue 1 2014-04-01 2013-04-01 true Qualified enhanced oil recovery costs....

  10. Medicaid: Recoveries from Nursing Home Residents' Estates Could Offset Program Costs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Div. of Human Resources.

    Through asset recovery programs, states can recover from the estates of nursing home residents or their survivors a portion of the expenses the state incurs in providing nursing home care. Estate recovery programs require Medicaid recipients whose primary assets are their homes to contribute toward the cost of their nursing home care in the same…

  11. 48 CFR 52.230-6 - Administration of Cost Accounting Standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... Clauses 52.230-6 Administration of Cost Accounting Standards. As prescribed in 30.201-4(d)(1), insert the following clause: Administration of Cost Accounting Standards (JUN 2010) For the purpose of administering the Cost Accounting Standards (CAS) requirements under this contract, the Contractor shall take...

  12. 48 CFR 52.230-6 - Administration of Cost Accounting Standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Clauses 52.230-6 Administration of Cost Accounting Standards. As prescribed in 30.201-4(d)(1), insert the following clause: Administration of Cost Accounting Standards (JUN 2010) For the purpose of administering the Cost Accounting Standards (CAS) requirements under this contract, the Contractor shall take...

  13. 48 CFR 52.230-6 - Administration of Cost Accounting Standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... Clauses 52.230-6 Administration of Cost Accounting Standards. As prescribed in 30.201-4(d)(1), insert the following clause: Administration of Cost Accounting Standards (JUN 2010) For the purpose of administering the Cost Accounting Standards (CAS) requirements under this contract, the Contractor shall take...

  14. 48 CFR 52.230-6 - Administration of Cost Accounting Standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... Clauses 52.230-6 Administration of Cost Accounting Standards. As prescribed in 30.201-4(d)(1), insert the following clause: Administration of Cost Accounting Standards (JUN 2010) For the purpose of administering the Cost Accounting Standards (CAS) requirements under this contract, the Contractor shall take...

  15. 24 CFR 1000.546 - Are audit costs eligible program or administrative expenses?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ..., Oversight and Accountability § 1000.546 Are audit costs eligible program or administrative expenses? Yes, audit costs are an eligible program or administrative expense. If the Indian tribe is the recipient then... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Are audit costs eligible program...

  16. 47 CFR 27.1162 - Administration of the Cost-Sharing Plan.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Administration of the Cost-Sharing Plan. 27... § 27.1162 Administration of the Cost-Sharing Plan. The Wireless Telecommunications Bureau, under...(s). This clearinghouse(s) will administer the cost-sharing plan by, inter alia, determining the...

  17. 24 CFR 1003.206 - Program administration costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...-management capacity building activities. This does not include staff and overhead costs directly related to... costs must not, however, exceed 10% of the total grant award. (a) General management, oversight and coordination. Reasonable costs of overall program management, coordination, monitoring, and evaluation....

  18. 42 CFR 90.14 - Documentation and cost recovery.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ....14 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES HEALTH ASSESSMENTS AND HEALTH EFFECTS STUDIES OF HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES RELEASES AND FACILITIES ADMINISTRATIVE FUNCTIONS... assessments and health effects studies, documentation shall be completed and maintained to form the basis...

  19. 42 CFR 90.14 - Documentation and cost recovery.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ....14 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES HEALTH ASSESSMENTS AND HEALTH EFFECTS STUDIES OF HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES RELEASES AND FACILITIES ADMINISTRATIVE FUNCTIONS... assessments and health effects studies, documentation shall be completed and maintained to form the basis...

  20. 42 CFR 90.14 - Documentation and cost recovery.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ....14 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES HEALTH ASSESSMENTS AND HEALTH EFFECTS STUDIES OF HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES RELEASES AND FACILITIES ADMINISTRATIVE FUNCTIONS... assessments and health effects studies, documentation shall be completed and maintained to form the basis...

  1. 42 CFR 90.14 - Documentation and cost recovery.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ....14 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES HEALTH ASSESSMENTS AND HEALTH EFFECTS STUDIES OF HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES RELEASES AND FACILITIES ADMINISTRATIVE FUNCTIONS... assessments and health effects studies, documentation shall be completed and maintained to form the basis...

  2. 42 CFR 90.14 - Documentation and cost recovery.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ....14 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES HEALTH ASSESSMENTS AND HEALTH EFFECTS STUDIES OF HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES RELEASES AND FACILITIES ADMINISTRATIVE FUNCTIONS... assessments and health effects studies, documentation shall be completed and maintained to form the basis...

  3. 42 CFR 417.564 - Apportionment and allocation of administrative and general costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... providing medical care. Enrollment, marketing, and other administrative and general costs that benefit the...) Political and lobbying activities. (4) Charity or courtesy allowances. (5) Spousal education....

  4. 20 CFR 641.856 - What functions and activities constitute administrative costs?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... management, accounting, and payroll systems) including the purchase, systems development, and operating costs..., including: (i) Accounting, budgeting, financial, and cash management functions; (ii) Procurement and... carrying out administrative activities or the overall management of the program; (5) Costs of...

  5. 77 FR 31010 - Proposed CERCLA Agreement for Recovery of Past Response Costs; Piqua Hospital Site

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-24

    ... AGENCY Proposed CERCLA Agreement for Recovery of Past Response Costs; Piqua Hospital Site AGENCY... of past response costs concerning the Piqua Hospital Site (Site ID Number B5RB) in Piqua, Ohio with...: 312-353-6121. Comments should reference the Piqua Hospital Site in Piqua, Ohio and EPA Docket No....

  6. The Vital Role of Administrative Cost Allowances to Student Financial Aid Offices: Key Findings from NASFAA's Administrative Cost Allowance Survey, July 2011

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Association of Student Financial Aid Administrators (NJ1), 2011

    2011-01-01

    The National Association of Student Financial Aid Administrators (NASFAA) recently conducted a survey on the 2009-10 award year Administrative Cost Allowances (ACA), which are funds used by colleges and universities to support operations and professional development. Specifically, ACA is often used in essential areas that support the day-to-day…

  7. Reducing Building HVAC Costs with Site-Recovery Energy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pargeter, Stephen J.

    2012-01-01

    Building owners are caught between two powerful forces--the need to lower energy costs and the need to meet or exceed outdoor air ventilation regulations for occupant health and comfort. Large amounts of energy are wasted each day from commercial, institutional, and government building sites as heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC)…

  8. 20 CFR 632.39 - Administrative cost plan.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... a Native American grantee may be accounted for separately and be allocated by title and program....39 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR INDIAN AND NATIVE AMERICAN EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING PROGRAMS Administrative Standards and Procedures § 632.39...

  9. Energy recovery efficiency and cost analysis of VOC thermal oxidation pollution control technology.

    PubMed

    Warahena, Aruna S K; Chuah, Yew Khoy

    2009-08-01

    Thermal oxidation of VOC is extremely energy intensive, and necessitates high efficiency heat recovery from the exhaust heat. In this paper, two independent parameters heat recovery factor (HRF) and equipment cost factor (ECF) are introduced. HRF and ECF can be used to evaluate separately the merits of energy efficiency and cost effectiveness of VOC oxidation systems. Another parameter equipment cost against heat recovery (ECHR) which is a function of HRF and ECF is introduced to evaluate the merit of different systems for the thermal oxidation of VOC. Respective cost models were derived for recuperative thermal oxidizer (TO) and regenerative thermal oxidizer (RTO). Application examples are presented to show the use and the importance of these parameters. An application examples show that TO has a lower ECF while RTO has a higher HRF. However when analyzed using ECHR, RTO would be of advantage economically in longer periods of use. The analytical models presented can be applied in similar environmental protection systems.

  10. 48 CFR 2131.205-71 - Reinsurer administrative expense costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... as set forth in the contract is an allowable cost when documented through an internal accounting... expense costs. 2131.205-71 Section 2131.205-71 Federal Acquisition Regulations System OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT, FEDERAL EMPLOYEES GROUP LIFE INSURANCE FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION GENERAL...

  11. 48 CFR 2131.205-71 - Reinsurer administrative expense costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... as set forth in the contract is an allowable cost when documented through an internal accounting... expense costs. 2131.205-71 Section 2131.205-71 Federal Acquisition Regulations System OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT, FEDERAL EMPLOYEES GROUP LIFE INSURANCE FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION GENERAL...

  12. 48 CFR 2131.205-71 - Reinsurer administrative expense costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... as set forth in the contract is an allowable cost when documented through an internal accounting... expense costs. 2131.205-71 Section 2131.205-71 Federal Acquisition Regulations System OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT, FEDERAL EMPLOYEES GROUP LIFE INSURANCE FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION GENERAL...

  13. 48 CFR 2131.205-71 - Reinsurer administrative expense costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... as set forth in the contract is an allowable cost when documented through an internal accounting... expense costs. 2131.205-71 Section 2131.205-71 Federal Acquisition Regulations System OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT, FEDERAL EMPLOYEES GROUP LIFE INSURANCE FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION GENERAL...

  14. Waste processing cost recovery at Los Alamos National Laboratory--analysis and recommendations

    SciTech Connect

    Booth, Steven Richard

    2008-01-01

    Los Alamos National Laboratory is implementing full cost recovery for waste processing in fiscal year 2009 (FY2009), after a transition year in FY2008. Waste processing cost recovery has been implemented in various forms across the nuclear weapons complex and in corporate America. The fundamental reasoning of sending accurate price signals to waste generators is economically sound, and leads to waste minimization and reduced waste expense over time. However, Los Alamos faces significant implementation challenges because of its status as a government-owned, contractor-operated national scientific institution with a diverse suite of experimental and environmental cleanup activities, and the fact that this represents a fundamental change in how waste processing is viewed by the institution. This paper describes the issues involved during the transition to cost recovery and the ultimate selection of the business model. Of the six alternative cost recovery models evaluated, the business model chosen to be implemented in FY2009 is Recharge Plus Generators Pay Distributed Direct. Under this model, all generators who produce waste must pay a distributed direct share associated with their specific waste type to use a waste processing capability. This cost share is calculated using the distributed direct method on the fixed cost only, i.e., the fixed cost share is based on each program's forecast proportion of the total Los Alamos volume forecast of each waste type. (Fixed activities are those required to establish the waste processing capability, i.e., to make the process ready, permitted, certified, and prepared to handle the first unit ofwaste. Therefore, the fixed cost ends at the point just before waste begins 'to be processed. The activities to actually process the waste are considered variable.) The volume of waste actually sent for processing is charged a unit cost based solely on the variable cost of disposing of that waste. The total cost recovered each year is the

  15. Resource-recovery facilities: Production and cost functions, and debt-financing issues

    SciTech Connect

    Simonsen, W.S.

    1991-01-01

    Some of the fiscal questions relating to resource-recovery, or trash-burning, facilities are addressed. Production and cost functions for resource-recovery facilities are estimated using regression analysis. Whether or not there are returns to scale are addressed using the production and cost-function framework. Production functions are also estimated using data envelopment analysis (DEA), and results are compared to the regression results. DEA is a linear-program-based technique that can provide information about the production process. The data used to estimate the production and cost functions were collected from the Resource Recovery Yearbook. Once the decision is made to construct a resource-recovery facility, it needs to be financed. The high cost of these facilities usually prohibits financing construction out of regular operating revenues. Therefore, the issues a government faces when debt is used to finance a resource-recovery facility are analyzed. The most important public policy finding is that increasing economies of scale do not seem to be present for resource-recovery facilities.

  16. School District Administrative Costs, Regional Series, and Telecommunications. Special Study. Report to the Arizona Legislature by the Auditor General.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arizona State Dept. of Education, Phoenix.

    The Arizona Office of the Auditor General conducted a study of Arizona school district administrative costs, regional services, and telecommunications. In the area of administrative costs, the study found that larger, unified districts were more cost effective in terms of district administrative costs per student and students per administrator.…

  17. Cost Scaling of a Real-World Exhaust Waste Heat Recovery Thermoelectric Generator: A Deeper Dive

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hendricks, Terry J.; Yee, Shannon; LeBlanc, Saniya

    2016-03-01

    Cost is equally important to power density or efficiency for the adoption of waste heat recovery thermoelectric generators (TEG) in many transportation and industrial energy recovery applications. In many cases, the system design that minimizes cost (e.g., the /W value) can be very different than the design that maximizes the system's efficiency or power density, and it is important to understand the relationship between those designs to optimize TEG performance-cost compromises. Expanding on recent cost analysis work and using more detailed system modeling, an enhanced cost scaling analysis of a waste heat recovery TEG with more detailed, coupled treatment of the heat exchangers has been performed. In this analysis, the effect of the heat lost to the environment and updated relationships between the hot-side and cold-side conductances that maximize power output are considered. This coupled thermal and thermoelectric (TE) treatment of the exhaust waste heat recovery TEG yields modified cost scaling and design optimization equations, which are now strongly dependent on the heat leakage fraction, exhaust mass flow rate, and heat exchanger effectiveness. This work shows that heat exchanger costs most often dominate the overall TE system costs, that it is extremely difficult to escape this regime, and in order to achieve TE system costs of 1/W it is necessary to achieve heat exchanger costs of 1/(W/K). Minimum TE system costs per watt generally coincide with maximum power points, but preferred TE design regimes are identified where there is little cost penalty for moving into regions of higher efficiency and slightly lower power outputs. These regimes are closely tied to previously identified low cost design regimes. This work shows that the optimum fill factor F opt minimizing system costs decreases as heat losses increase, and increases as exhaust mass flow rate and heat exchanger effectiveness increase. These findings have profound implications on the design and

  18. Recovery Act: Low Cost Integrated Substrate for OLED Lighting Development

    SciTech Connect

    Benton, Scott; Bhandari, Abhinav

    2012-12-26

    PPG pursued the development of an integrated substrate, including the anode, external, and internal extraction layers. The objective of PPG's program was to achieve cost reductions by displacing the existing expensive borosilicate or double-side polished float glass substrates and developing alternative electrodes and scalable light extraction layer technologies through focused and short-term applied research. One of the key highlights of the project was proving the feasibility of using PPG's high transmission Solarphire® float glass as a substrate to consistently achieve organic lightemitting diode (OLED) devices with good performance and high yields. Under this program, four low-cost alternatives to the Indium Tin Oxide (ITO) anode were investigated using pilot-scale magnetron sputtered vacuum deposition (MSVD) and chemical vapor deposition (CVD) technologies. The anodes were evaluated by fabricating small and large phosphorescent organic lightemitting diode (PHOLED) devices at Universal Display Corporation (UDC). The device performance and life-times comparable to commercially available ITO anodes were demonstrated. A cost-benefit analysis was performed to down-select two anodes for further low-cost process development. Additionally, PPG developed and evaluated a number of scalable and compatible internal and external extraction layer concepts such as scattering layers on the outside of the glass substrate or between the transparent anode and the glass interface. In one external extraction layer (EEL) approach, sol-gel sprayed pyrolytic coatings were deposited using lab scale equipment by hand or automated spraying of sol-gel solutions on hot glass, followed by optimizing of scattering with minimal absorption. In another EEL approach, PPG tested large-area glass texturing by scratching a glass surface with an abrasive roller and acid etching. Efficacy enhancements of 1.27x were demonstrated using white PHOLED devices for 2.0mm substrates which are at par with

  19. 6 CFR 11.10 - Interest, penalty charges, and administrative costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 6 Domestic Security 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Interest, penalty charges, and administrative costs. 11.10 Section 11.10 Domestic Security DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY, OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY... CFR 901.9. Administrative costs of processing and handling a delinquent debt shall be determined...

  20. 6 CFR 11.10 - Interest, penalty charges, and administrative costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 6 Domestic Security 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Interest, penalty charges, and administrative costs. 11.10 Section 11.10 Domestic Security DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY, OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY... CFR 901.9. Administrative costs of processing and handling a delinquent debt shall be determined...

  1. 23 CFR Appendix F to Part 1200 - PLANNING AND ADMINISTRATION (P&A) COSTS

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false PLANNING AND ADMINISTRATION (P&A) COSTS F APPENDIX F TO... HIGHWAY SAFETY GRANT PROGRAMS Pt. 1200, App. F APPENDIX F TO PART 1200—PLANNING AND ADMINISTRATION (P&A) COSTS (a) Policy. Federal participation in P&A activities shall not exceed 50 percent of the total...

  2. 23 CFR Appendix F to Part 1200 - Planning and Administration (P&A) Costs

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Planning and Administration (P&A) Costs F Appendix F to... HIGHWAY SAFETY GRANT PROGRAMS Pt. 1200, App. F Appendix F to Part 1200—Planning and Administration (P&A) Costs (a) Policy. Federal participation in P&A activities shall not exceed 50 percent of the total...

  3. 10 CFR 171.25 - Collection, interest, penalties, and administrative costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... collected pursuant to the procedures of 10 CFR part 15. Interest, penalties and administrative costs for... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Collection, interest, penalties, and administrative costs. 171.25 Section 171.25 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) ANNUAL FEES FOR...

  4. 31 CFR Appendix II(f) to Part 13 - Overhead and Administrative Costs

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Overhead and Administrative Costs II(F) Appendix II(F) to Part 13 Money and Finance: Treasury Office of the Secretary of the Treasury... Pt. 13, App. II(F) Appendix II(F) to Part 13—Overhead and Administrative Costs Date: Select Only...

  5. 31 CFR Appendix II(f) to Part 13 - Overhead and Administrative Costs

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Overhead and Administrative Costs II(F) Appendix II(F) to Part 13 Money and Finance: Treasury Office of the Secretary of the Treasury... Pt. 13, App. II(F) Appendix II(F) to Part 13—Overhead and Administrative Costs Date: Select Only...

  6. 31 CFR Appendix I(f) to Part 13 - Estimated Overhead and Administrative Costs

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Estimated Overhead and Administrative Costs I(F) Appendix I(F) to Part 13 Money and Finance: Treasury Office of the Secretary of the Treasury... Pt. 13, App. I(F) Appendix I(F) to Part 13—Estimated Overhead and Administrative Costs Date:...

  7. 31 CFR Appendix I(f) to Part 13 - Estimated Overhead and Administrative Costs

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Estimated Overhead and Administrative Costs I(F) Appendix I(F) to Part 13 Money and Finance: Treasury Office of the Secretary of the Treasury... Pt. 13, App. I(F) Appendix I(F) to Part 13—Estimated Overhead and Administrative Costs Date:...

  8. 25 CFR 122.8 - Administrative costs for management of the fund.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Administrative costs for management of the fund. 122.8 Section 122.8 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR FINANCIAL ACTIVITIES MANAGEMENT OF OSAGE JUDGMENT FUNDS FOR EDUCATION § 122.8 Administrative costs for management of the fund....

  9. 75 FR 3236 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Submission for OMB Review; Cost Accounting Standards Administration

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-20

    ... requirement concerning cost accounting standards administration. A request for public comments was published in the Federal Register at 74 FR 58628, on November 13, 2009. No comments were received. Public... Regulation; Submission for OMB Review; Cost Accounting Standards Administration AGENCIES: Department...

  10. 31 CFR Appendix I(f) to Part 13 - Estimated Overhead and Administrative Costs

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Estimated Overhead and Administrative Costs I(F) Appendix I(F) to Part 13 Money and Finance: Treasury Office of the Secretary of the Treasury... Pt. 13, App. I(F) Appendix I(F) to Part 13—Estimated Overhead and Administrative Costs Date:...

  11. 31 CFR Appendix II(f) to Part 13 - Overhead and Administrative Costs

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Overhead and Administrative Costs II(F) Appendix II(F) to Part 13 Money and Finance: Treasury Office of the Secretary of the Treasury... Pt. 13, App. II(F) Appendix II(F) to Part 13—Overhead and Administrative Costs Date: Select Only...

  12. The Long-Term Effectiveness of Reading Recovery and the Cost-Efficiency of Reading Recovery Relative to the Learning Disabled Classification Rate

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Galluzzo, Charles A.

    2010-01-01

    There is a great deal of research supporting Reading Recovery as a successful reading intervention program that assists below level first graders readers in closing the gap in reading at the same level of their average peers. There is a lack of research that analyses the cost-effectiveness of the Reading Recovery program compared to the cost in…

  13. Improving the implementation of cost recovery for health: lessons from Zimbabwe.

    PubMed

    Hecht, R; Overholt, C; Holmberg, H

    1993-10-01

    In the current debate over health financing policy in developing countries, governments are increasingly focusing on cost recovery--having patients pay part or all of their health care costs--as a way to mobilize more resources for health, improve equity by selectively charging the wealthy, and increase efficiency by encouraging reinvestment of fee revenues into cost-effective primary care. Zimbabwe offers an important example of a country with a tradition of levying fees in government health facilities, but where enforcement became lax in the 1980s. In 1991, policymakers resolved to resuscitate and strengthen cost recovery, as part of a broader economic reform program. This paper discusses the strengths and weaknesses of Zimbabwe's cost recovery system, its potential for improvement, and the obstacles to change in revising the fee structure and billing and collection procedures. It argues that cost recovery can help to achieve Zimbabwe's health objectives, but only in conjunction with other measures to redirect public spending to essential public health and clinic care and improve the efficiency of government services. The paper finds that during the 1980s, the fee schedule became badly misaligned with actual medical care costs and created distortions in patient referral patterns. Billing and collection were also weak, because of deficiencies in personnel and information systems and lack of incentives for revenue generation. The paper concludes that if key steps were taken to raise the collections-to-billings ratio, recover fees from privately-insured patients, and adjust fees in line with medical cost inflation, recoveries could increase fourfold, from 5% to 20% of government spending for clinical care. At the same time, access to government health services for the poor could be maintained by improving exemption procedures.

  14. Estimating the human recovery costs of seriously injured road crash casualties.

    PubMed

    Bambach, M R; Mitchell, R J

    2015-12-01

    Road crashes result in substantial trauma and costs to societies around the world. Robust costing methods are an important tool to estimate costs associated with road trauma, and are key inputs into policy development and cost-benefit analysis for road safety programmes and infrastructure projects. With an expanding focus on seriously injured road crash casualties, in addition to the long standing focus on fatalities, methods for costing seriously injured casualties are becoming increasingly important. Some road safety agencies are defining a seriously injured casualty as an individual that was admitted to hospital following a road crash, and as a result, hospital separation data provide substantial potential for estimating the costs associated with seriously injured road crash casualties. The aim of this study is to establish techniques for estimating the human recovery costs of (non-fatal) seriously injured road crash casualties directly from hospital separation data. An individuals' road crash-related hospitalisation record and their personal injury insurance claim were linked for road crashes that occurred in New South Wales, Australia. These records provided the means for estimating all of the costs to the casualty directly related to their recovery from their injuries. A total of 10,897 seriously injured road crash casualties were identified and four methods for estimating their recovery costs were examined, using either unit record or aggregated hospital separation data. The methods are shown to provide robust techniques for estimating the human recovery costs of seriously injured road crash casualties, that may prove useful for identifying, implementing and evaluating safety programmes intended to reduce the incidence of road crash-related serious injuries.

  15. 11 CFR 8.5 - Interest, penalties, and administrative costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... set forth at 31 CFR 902.2(a). (d) The Commission is authorized to impose interest and related charges on debts not subject to 31 U.S.C. 3717, in accordance with common law. .... 3717 and 31 CFR 901.9. (b) The Commission shall waive collection of interest and administrative...

  16. 11 CFR 8.5 - Interest, penalties, and administrative costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... set forth at 31 CFR 902.2(a). (d) The Commission is authorized to impose interest and related charges on debts not subject to 31 U.S.C. 3717, in accordance with common law. .... 3717 and 31 CFR 901.9. (b) The Commission shall waive collection of interest and administrative...

  17. 11 CFR 8.5 - Interest, penalties, and administrative costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... set forth at 31 CFR 902.2(a). (d) The Commission is authorized to impose interest and related charges on debts not subject to 31 U.S.C. 3717, in accordance with common law. .... 3717 and 31 CFR 901.9. (b) The Commission shall waive collection of interest and administrative...

  18. 34 CFR 673.7 - Administrative cost allowance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...-STUDY PROGRAM, AND FEDERAL SUPPLEMENTAL EDUCATIONAL OPPORTUNITY GRANT PROGRAM General Provisions for the... Provisions regulations, 34 CFR part 668. (f) An institution may use up to 10 percent of the administrative... quality of a student's experience; (2) Assuring student access to educational resources, expertise,...

  19. 10 CFR 1015.212 - Interest, penalties and administrative costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... percentage by which the Consumer Price Index for the month of June of the calendar year preceding the adjustment exceeds the Consumer Price Index for the month of June of the calendar year in which the debt was determined or last adjusted. Increases to administrative debts shall be computed annually. DOE will use...

  20. Average System Cost Methodology : Administrator's Record of Decision.

    SciTech Connect

    United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

    1984-06-01

    Significant features of average system cost (ASC) methodology adopted are: retention of the jurisdictional approach where retail rate orders of regulartory agencies provide primary data for computing the ASC for utilities participating in the residential exchange; inclusion of transmission costs; exclusion of construction work in progress; use of a utility's weighted cost of debt securities; exclusion of income taxes; simplification of separation procedures for subsidized generation and transmission accounts from other accounts; clarification of ASC methodology rules; more generous review timetable for individual filings; phase-in of reformed methodology; and each exchanging utility must file under the new methodology within 20 days of implementation by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission of the ten major participating utilities, the revised ASC will substantially only affect three. (PSB)

  1. 77 FR 64513 - Proposed Administrative Agreement for Collection of CERCLA Past Costs

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-22

    ... AGENCY Proposed Administrative Agreement for Collection of CERCLA Past Costs AGENCY: U.S Environmental... collection of a percentage of past response costs at the Ultimate Industries, Inc. Site. Respondent has agreed to pay $8,000 out of total past costs of approximately $83,776.10, in return for a covenant not...

  2. Improving Productivity in Higher Education: Administration and Support Costs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Massy, William F.

    1991-01-01

    Among the many reasons why college and university costs are rising are factors internal to the institutions which hold down productivity. Most efforts to improve productivity usually fail because they do not introduce new energy or information from the outside. In order to improve productivity, formal, non-quantitative evaluation should include a…

  3. Administration: Cost Control, Hiring Practices, Cooperation, Disaster Planning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nation's Schools and Colleges, 1974

    1974-01-01

    Notes on various topics, such as how the Virginia Higher Education system can cut costs; the University of South Carolina's personnel recruitment system; a cooperative program between a college and a hospital; and preparations for tornadoes at an Indiana college. (JF)

  4. 24 CFR 570.206 - Program administrative costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...) Fair housing activities. Provision of fair housing services designed to further the fair housing... services performed under third party contracts or agreements, including such services as general legal services, accounting services, and audit services; and (4) Other costs for goods and services required...

  5. 22 CFR 213.12 - Interest, penalty and administrative costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... either actual or average cost incurred, will be charged on all debts except those owed by State and local... delinquent debts unless prohibited by statute, regulation or contract. (1) Interest begins to accrue on all debts from the payment due date established in the initial notice to the debtor. USAID will assess...

  6. 40 CFR 13.11 - Interest, penalty and administrative costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... actual or average cost incurred, will be charged on all debts except those owed by State and local... assess interest on all delinquent debts unless prohibited by statute, regulation or contract. (1) Interest begins to accrue on all debts from the date of the initial notice to the debtor. EPA will...

  7. 14 CFR 1261.412 - Interest, penalties, and administrative costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... provisions of 31 U.S.C. 3717 do not apply: (i) To debts owed by any State or local government; (ii) To debts... costs on debts owed to the United States. Before assessing these charges, NASA must mail or hand deliver...)). (b) Interest shall accrue from the date on which notice of the debt and the interest requirements...

  8. 22 CFR 213.12 - Interest, penalty and administrative costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... either actual or average cost incurred, will be charged on all debts except those owed by State and local... delinquent debts unless prohibited by statute, regulation or contract. (1) Interest begins to accrue on all debts from the payment due date established in the initial notice to the debtor. USAID will assess...

  9. 40 CFR 13.11 - Interest, penalty and administrative costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... actual or average cost incurred, will be charged on all debts except those owed by State and local... assess interest on all delinquent debts unless prohibited by statute, regulation or contract. (1) Interest begins to accrue on all debts from the date of the initial notice to the debtor. EPA will...

  10. Opioid administration following spinal cord injury: implications for pain and locomotor recovery.

    PubMed

    Woller, Sarah A; Hook, Michelle A

    2013-09-01

    Approximately one-third of people with a spinal cord injury (SCI) will experience persistent neuropathic pain following injury. This pain negatively affects quality of life and is difficult to treat. Opioids are among the most effective drug treatments, and are commonly prescribed, but experimental evidence suggests that opioid treatment in the acute phase of injury can attenuate recovery of locomotor function. In fact, spinal cord injury and opioid administration share several common features (e.g. central sensitization, excitotoxicity, aberrant glial activation) that have been linked to impaired recovery of function, as well as the development of pain. Despite these effects, the interactions between opioid use and spinal cord injury have not been fully explored. A review of the literature, described here, suggests that caution is warranted when administering opioids after SCI. Opioid administration may synergistically contribute to the pathology of SCI to increase the development of pain, decrease locomotor recovery, and leave individuals at risk for infection. Considering these negative implications, it is important that guidelines are established for the use of opioids following spinal cord and other central nervous system injuries.

  11. Cost recovery of municipal solid waste management in small cities of inland China.

    PubMed

    Ren, Xin; Hu, Shunong

    2014-04-01

    Financial performance of waste management, the key for efficiency and sustainability, has rarely been studied in China, especially for small cities. Through questionnaires and interviews, we conducted such a case study in several cities aiming to fill the gap and improve waste service. We found that labour accounts for more than half to three-quarters of the operation cost, followed by fuel and vehicle maintenance. The waste service heavily relies on budget transfer of the municipality. User fees collected recover less than half of total operation cost at best, even if the collection rate is relatively high. The low cost recovery is mainly due to low fee rates, unchanged for years owing to public pressure. Public complaint seems to be justified by the finding that the service only accounts for 5-10% of municipal revenue annually and even lower in government spending. Contrary to general perception, per capita waste generation in small cities is not less than big ones. Waste composition is dominated by kitchen wastes, with fractions of recyclables and combustibles much lower than big cities. These findings have implications on the waste management strategy: commercial incineration or recycling may not be economically viable for small cities. The article concludes that user fees might better serve, and be designed for, behaviour change than for cost recovery. Municipalities need to first improve cost efficiency and transparency of waste services to gain public trust and support in order to tackle the biggest challenge facing developing countries, cost recovery.

  12. Cost recovery of municipal solid waste management in small cities of inland China.

    PubMed

    Ren, Xin; Hu, Shunong

    2014-04-01

    Financial performance of waste management, the key for efficiency and sustainability, has rarely been studied in China, especially for small cities. Through questionnaires and interviews, we conducted such a case study in several cities aiming to fill the gap and improve waste service. We found that labour accounts for more than half to three-quarters of the operation cost, followed by fuel and vehicle maintenance. The waste service heavily relies on budget transfer of the municipality. User fees collected recover less than half of total operation cost at best, even if the collection rate is relatively high. The low cost recovery is mainly due to low fee rates, unchanged for years owing to public pressure. Public complaint seems to be justified by the finding that the service only accounts for 5-10% of municipal revenue annually and even lower in government spending. Contrary to general perception, per capita waste generation in small cities is not less than big ones. Waste composition is dominated by kitchen wastes, with fractions of recyclables and combustibles much lower than big cities. These findings have implications on the waste management strategy: commercial incineration or recycling may not be economically viable for small cities. The article concludes that user fees might better serve, and be designed for, behaviour change than for cost recovery. Municipalities need to first improve cost efficiency and transparency of waste services to gain public trust and support in order to tackle the biggest challenge facing developing countries, cost recovery. PMID:24633554

  13. 48 CFR 9904.410 - Allocation of business unit general and administrative expenses to final cost objectives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... general and administrative expenses to final cost objectives. 9904.410 Section 9904.410 Federal Acquisition Regulations System COST ACCOUNTING STANDARDS BOARD, OFFICE OF FEDERAL PROCUREMENT POLICY, OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT AND BUDGET PROCUREMENT PRACTICES AND COST ACCOUNTING STANDARDS COST...

  14. Environmental residuals and capital costs of energy recovery from municipal sludge and feedlot manure

    SciTech Connect

    Ballou, S W; Dale, L; Johnson, R; Chambers, W; Mittelhauser, H

    1980-09-01

    The capital and environmental cost of energy recovery from municipal sludge and feedlot manure is analyzed. Literature on waste processing and energy conversion and interviews with manufacturers were used for baseline data for construction of theoretical models using three energy conversion processes: anaerobic digestion, incineration, and pyrolysis. Process characteristics, environmental impact data, and capital costs are presented in detail for each conversion system. The energy recovery systems described would probably be sited near large sources of sludge and manure, i.e., metropolitan sewage treatment plants and large feedlots in cattle-raising states. Although the systems would provide benefits in terms of waste disposal as well as energy production, they would also involve additional pollution of air and water. Analysis of potential siting patterns and pollution conflicts is needed before energy recovery systems using municipal sludge can be considered as feasible energy sources.

  15. 43 CFR 426.23 - Recovery of operation and maintenance (O&M) costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Recovery of operation and maintenance (O&M... than the O&M costs allocated to the district in that year then that positive difference at the time of... this section. The positive difference would be factored into the contract rate for the remainder of...

  16. 40 CFR 35.928-1 - Approval of the industrial cost recovery system.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... treatment works or (2) the charges to be collected by the grantee in providing waste water treatment... AND OTHER FEDERAL ASSISTANCE STATE AND LOCAL ASSISTANCE Grants for Construction of Treatment Works-Clean Water Act § 35.928-1 Approval of the industrial cost recovery system. The Regional...

  17. 40 CFR 35.928-1 - Approval of the industrial cost recovery system.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... treatment works or (2) the charges to be collected by the grantee in providing waste water treatment... AND OTHER FEDERAL ASSISTANCE STATE AND LOCAL ASSISTANCE Grants for Construction of Treatment Works-Clean Water Act § 35.928-1 Approval of the industrial cost recovery system. The Regional...

  18. 40 CFR 35.928-1 - Approval of the industrial cost recovery system.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... treatment works or (2) the charges to be collected by the grantee in providing waste water treatment... AND OTHER FEDERAL ASSISTANCE STATE AND LOCAL ASSISTANCE Grants for Construction of Treatment Works-Clean Water Act § 35.928-1 Approval of the industrial cost recovery system. The Regional...

  19. 18 CFR 35.26 - Recovery of stranded costs by public utilities and transmitting utilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Recovery of stranded costs by public utilities and transmitting utilities. 35.26 Section 35.26 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION, DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY REGULATIONS UNDER THE FEDERAL POWER ACT FILING OF RATE SCHEDULES AND...

  20. Performance and cost models for the direct sulfur recovery process. Task 1 Topical report, Volume 3

    SciTech Connect

    Frey, H.C.; Williams, R.B.

    1995-09-01

    The purpose of this project is to develop performance and cost models of the Direct Sulfur Recovery Process (DSRP). The DSRP is an emerging technology for sulfur recovery from advanced power generation technologies such as Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) systems. In IGCC systems, sulfur present in the coal is captured by gas cleanup technologies to avoid creating emissions of sulfur dioxide to the atmosphere. The sulfur that is separated from the coal gas stream must be collected. Leading options for dealing with the sulfur include byproduct recovery as either sulfur or sulfuric acid. Sulfur is a preferred byproduct, because it is easier to handle and therefore does not depend as strongly upon the location of potential customers as is the case for sulfuric acid. This report describes the need for new sulfur recovery technologies.

  1. Stranded cost recovery: Reregulating the electricity markets in the United States

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wagle, Pushkar Ghanashyam

    2000-10-01

    For the past few years, Stranded Cost recovery has been one of the most contentious issues regarding the restructuring of electricity markets among the regulators, researchers, and the other interested parties. Among the states that have moved towards retail competition, some have already made decisions regarding the levels of the stranded cost recovery. So the question is: how have these states handled the "stranded cost problem"? Following the introduction and the historical perspective of the industry in the first chapter, the second chapter takes a broad view for understanding the overall process of deregulation. It attempts to analyze why some states have made a rapid transition to competition in the electric utility industry, while other states are just beginning to consider the issue. White (1996) and Ando & Palmer (1998) have conducted a similar exercise. We present a more comprehensive and theoretically informed econometric analysis that sheds light over some of the crucial issues involved in restructuring, such as, stranded cost recovery, regulation of transmission and distribution sectors, and establishment of Independent System Operator, etc. This chapter offers the rationale for alternative econometric techniques, and extends the political economy analysis to incorporate actual timings of retail competition. Once we have identified the role of stranded cost in restructuring and the theoretical foundations, we study empirically the political economy of states' decisions to grant stranded cost recovery. This constitutes the third chapter. Here, we concentrate on California and Pennsylvania, two states that are at the frontiers of deregulation, and compare their respective treatments of the stranded cost. We probe the reasons behind Pennsylvania's lead over California on the path towards deregulation.

  2. Social costs of icatibant self-administration vs. health professional-administration in the treatment of hereditary angioedema in Spain

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Icatibant is the only subcutaneous treatment for acute Type I and Type II hereditary angioedema with C1-esterase inhibitor deficiency (HAE-C1-INH) licensed for self-administration in Europe. Aim To compare the economic impact of two icatibant administration strategies: health professional-administration only (strategy 1) versus including the patient self-administration option (strategy 2). Methods Economic evaluation model based on the building of a decision tree. Both strategies are assumed to have equivalent effectiveness. The payer (Spanish National Health System) and the social perspectives were considered. All relevant cost-generating factors were taken into account. The time horizon was one year. Sources of information included scientific evidence, official data and experts’ opinion. A deterministic sensitivity analysis was carried out to quantify the underlying uncertainty in the model. Results From the social perspective, which considers both direct (health care costs) and indirect costs (productivity losses), strategy 2 would result into average savings of €121.30 per acute attack compared to strategy 1. For Spain, this would achieve in an annual savings of €551,371. The reduction in direct costs accounts for 74% of the savings and lower indirect costs account for the remaining 26%. Savings per acute attack may range from €79.50 to €169.80; accordingly, the annual savings in Spain may vary between €90,319 and €2,315,360. Conclusion Costs related to the management of acute HAE attacks with C1 inhibitor deficiency may be substantially reduced through interventions targeting home treatment by training patients to self-administer icatibant. PMID:23398817

  3. 20 CFR 641.856 - What functions and activities constitute costs of administration?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ..., including: (i) Accounting, budgeting, financial, and cash management functions; (ii) Procurement and purchasing functions; (iii) Property management functions; (iv) Personnel management functions; (v) Payroll... management of the program; and (5) Costs of information systems related to administrative functions...

  4. No Child Left Behind and Administrative Costs: A Resource Dependence Study of Local School Districts

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Neely, Stephen R.

    2015-01-01

    This study considers the impact of federal funding on the administrative expenditures of local school districts since the passage of the No-Child-Left-Behind (NCLB) Act of 2001. Under NCLB, federal education funds were made contingent upon a variety of accountability and reporting standards, creating new administrative costs and challenges for…

  5. Administrative Costs in Higher Education: How Fast Are They Really Growing?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hedrick, David W.; Wassell, Charles S., Jr.; Henson, Steven E.

    2009-01-01

    It is widely believed that administrative expenditures in US higher education are growing too rapidly, particularly in relation to expenditures that are directly related to instruction, and that this so-called "administrative bloat" is a major factor in the rising cost of higher education. We argue that this perception of rapid growth is…

  6. 43 CFR 429.17 - When will Reclamation collect administrative costs?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false When will Reclamation collect... RECLAMATION, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR USE OF BUREAU OF RECLAMATION LAND, FACILITIES, AND WATERBODIES Application Fees and Administrative Costs § 429.17 When will Reclamation collect administrative...

  7. 20 CFR 641.856 - What functions and activities constitute administrative costs?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false What functions and activities constitute administrative costs? 641.856 Section 641.856 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR PROVISIONS GOVERNING THE SENIOR COMMUNITY SERVICE EMPLOYMENT PROGRAM...

  8. 20 CFR 641.856 - What functions and activities constitute administrative costs?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false What functions and activities constitute administrative costs? 641.856 Section 641.856 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR PROVISIONS GOVERNING THE SENIOR COMMUNITY SERVICE EMPLOYMENT PROGRAM...

  9. 47 CFR 52.33 - Recovery of carrier-specific costs directly related to providing long-term number portability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 3 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Recovery of carrier-specific costs directly... Recovery of carrier-specific costs directly related to providing long-term number portability. (a... number-portability charge over five years by setting a rate for the charge at which the present value...

  10. 47 CFR 52.33 - Recovery of carrier-specific costs directly related to providing long-term number portability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 3 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Recovery of carrier-specific costs directly... Recovery of carrier-specific costs directly related to providing long-term number portability. (a... number-portability charge over five years by setting a rate for the charge at which the present value...

  11. 47 CFR 52.33 - Recovery of carrier-specific costs directly related to providing long-term number portability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Recovery of carrier-specific costs directly... Recovery of carrier-specific costs directly related to providing long-term number portability. (a... number-portability charge over five years by setting a rate for the charge at which the present value...

  12. 47 CFR 52.33 - Recovery of carrier-specific costs directly related to providing long-term number portability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 3 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Recovery of carrier-specific costs directly related to providing long-term number portability. 52.33 Section 52.33 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) COMMON CARRIER SERVICES (CONTINUED) NUMBERING Number Portability § 52.33 Recovery of carrier-specific costs...

  13. 47 CFR 52.33 - Recovery of carrier-specific costs directly related to providing long-term number portability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 3 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Recovery of carrier-specific costs directly... Recovery of carrier-specific costs directly related to providing long-term number portability. (a... number-portability charge over five years by setting a rate for the charge at which the present value...

  14. 45 CFR 2540.110 - Limitation on use of Corporation funds for administrative costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... administrative costs. (a)(1) Not more than five percent of the grant funds provided under 45 CFR 2516, 2517, 2519... meeting operational matching requirements under the Corporation's award; (ii) Specify that a fixed rate of five percent or less (not subject to supporting cost documentation) of total Corporation funds...

  15. 42 CFR 417.564 - Apportionment and allocation of administrative and general costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... ORGANIZATIONS, COMPETITIVE MEDICAL PLANS, AND HEALTH CARE PREPAYMENT PLANS Medicare Payment: Cost Basis § 417... associated with providing medical care. Enrollment, marketing, and other administrative and general costs... medical care must be apportioned on the basis of a ratio of Medicare enrollees to the total HMO or...

  16. 42 CFR 417.564 - Apportionment and allocation of administrative and general costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... ORGANIZATIONS, COMPETITIVE MEDICAL PLANS, AND HEALTH CARE PREPAYMENT PLANS Medicare Payment: Cost Basis § 417... associated with providing medical care. Enrollment, marketing, and other administrative and general costs... medical care must be apportioned on the basis of a ratio of Medicare enrollees to the total HMO or...

  17. Cost Effective Recovery of Low-TDS Frac Flowback Water for Re-use

    SciTech Connect

    Claire Henderson; Harish Acharya; Hope Matis; Hareesh Kommepalli; Brian Moore; Hua Wang

    2011-03-31

    The project goal was to develop a cost-effective water recovery process to reduce the costs and envi-ronmental impact of shale gas production. This effort sought to develop both a flowback water pre-treatment process and a membrane-based partial demineralization process for the treatment of the low-Total Dissolved Solids (TDS) portion of the flowback water produced during hydrofracturing operations. The TDS cutoff for consideration in this project is < 35,000 {approx} 45,000 ppm, which is the typical limit for economic water recovery employing reverse osmosis (RO) type membrane desalination processes. The ultimate objective is the production of clean, reclaimed water suitable for re-use in hydrofracturing operations. The team successfully compiled data on flowback composition and other attributes across multiple shale plays, identified the likely applicability of membrane treatment processes in those shales, and expanded the proposed product portfolio to include four options suitable for various reuse or discharge applications. Pretreatment technologies were evaluated at the lab scale and down-selected based upon their efficacy in removing key contaminants. The chosen technologies were further validated by performing membrane fouling studies with treated flowback water to demonstrate the technical feasibility of flowback treatment with RO membranes. Process flow schemes were constructed for each of the four product options based on experimental performance data from actual flowback water treatment studies. For the products requiring membrane treatment, membrane system model-ing software was used to create designs for enhanced water recovery beyond the typical seawater desalination benchmark. System costs based upon vendor and internal cost information for all process flow schemes were generated and are below target and in line with customer expectations. Finally, to account for temporal and geographic variability in flowback characteristics as well as local

  18. Process-Based Governance in Public Administrations Using Activity-Based Costing

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Becker, Jörg; Bergener, Philipp; Räckers, Michael

    Decision- and policy-makers in public administrations currently lack on missing relevant information for sufficient governance. In Germany the introduction of New Public Management and double-entry accounting enable public administrations to get the opportunity to use cost-centered accounting mechanisms to establish new governance mechanisms. Process modelling in this case can be a useful instrument to help the public administrations decision- and policy-makers to structure their activities and capture relevant information. In combination with approaches like Activity-Based Costing, higher management level can be supported with a reasonable data base for fruitful and reasonable governance approaches. Therefore, the aim of this article is combining the public sector domain specific process modelling method PICTURE and concept of activity-based costing for supporting Public Administrations in process-based Governance.

  19. The administration of intermittent parathyroid hormone affects functional recovery from trochanteric fractured neck of femur

    PubMed Central

    Chesser, T. J. S.; Fox, R.; Harding, K.; Halliday, R.; Barnfield, S.; Willett, K.; Lamb, S.; Yau, C.; Javaid, M. K.; Gray, A. C.; Young, J.; Taylor, H.; Shah, K.; Greenwood, R.

    2016-01-01

    Aims We wished to assess the feasibility of a future randomised controlled trial of parathyroid hormone (PTH) supplements to aid healing of trochanteric fractures of the hip, by an open label prospective feasibility and pilot study with a nested qualitative sub study. This aimed to inform the design of a future powered study comparing the functional recovery after trochanteric hip fracture in patients undergoing standard care, versus those who undergo administration of subcutaneous injection of PTH for six weeks. Patients and Methods We undertook a pilot study comparing the functional recovery after trochanteric hip fracture in patients 60 years or older, admitted with a trochanteric hip fracture, and potentially eligible to be randomised to either standard care or the administration of subcutaneous PTH for six weeks. Our desired outcomes were functional testing and measures to assess the feasibility and acceptability of the study. Results A total of 724 patients were screened, of whom 143 (20%) were eligible for recruitment. Of these, 123 were approached and 29 (4%) elected to take part. However, seven patients did not complete the study. Compliance with the injections was 11 out of 15 (73%) showing the intervention to be acceptable and feasible in this patient population. Take home message: Only 4% of patients who met the inclusion criteria were both eligible and willing to consent to a study involving injections of PTH, so delivering this study on a large scale would carry challenges in recruitment and retention. Methodological and sample size planning would have to take this into account. PTH administration to patients to enhance fracture healing should still be considered experimental. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2016;98-B:840–5. PMID:27235530

  20. From free to free market: cost recovery in federally funded clinical research.

    PubMed

    McCammon, Margaret G; Fogg, Thomas T; Jacobsen, Lynda; Roache, John; Sampson, Royce; Bower, Cynthia L

    2012-07-01

    In a climate of increased expectation for the translation of research, academic clinical research units are looking at new ways to streamline their operation and maintain effective translational support services. Clinical research, although undeniably expensive, is an essential step in the translation of any medical breakthrough, and as a result, many academic clinical research units are actively looking to expand their clinical services despite financial pressures. We examine some of the hybrid academic-business models in 19 clinical research centers within the Clinical and Translational Science Award consortium that are emerging to address the issue of cost recovery of clinical research that is supported by the United States federal government. We identify initiatives that have succeeded or failed, essential supporting and regulatory components, and lessons learned from experience to design an optimal cost recovery model and a timeline for its implementation. PMID:22764204

  1. Using cost/risk procedures to establish recovery criteria following a nuclear reactor accident.

    PubMed

    Tawil, J J; Strenge, D L

    1987-02-01

    In the event of a major accidental release of radionuclides at a nuclear power plant, large populated areas could become seriously contaminated. Local officials would be responsible for establishing radiation recovery criteria that would permit the evacuated population to return safely to their jobs and homes. The range of acceptable criteria could imply variations in property losses in the billions of dollars. Given the likely public concern over the health consequences and the enormity of the potential property losses, a cost/risk analysis can provide important input to establishing the recovery criteria. This paper describes procedures for conducting a cost/risk analysis of a site radiologically contaminated by a nuclear power plant accident. The procedures are illustrated by analyzing a hypothetically contaminated site, using software developed for determining the property and health effects of major reactor accidents. PMID:3818283

  2. From Free to Free Market: Cost Recovery in Federally Funded Clinical Research

    PubMed Central

    McCammon, Margaret G.; Fogg, Thomas T.; Jacobsen, Lynda; Roache, John; Sampson, Royce; Bower, Cynthia L.

    2012-01-01

    In a climate of increased expectation for the translation of research, academic clinical research units are looking at new ways to streamline their operation and maintain effective translational support services. Clinical research, although undeniably expensive, is an essential step in the translation of any medical breakthrough, and as a result, many academic clinical research units are actively looking to expand their clinical services despite financial pressures. We examine some of the hybrid academic-business models in 19 clinical research centers within the Clinical and Translational Science Award consortium that are emerging to address the issue of cost recovery of clinical research that is supported by the United States federal government. We identify initiatives that have succeeded or failed, essential supporting and regulatory components, and lessons learned from experience to design an optimal cost recovery model and a timeline for its implementation. PMID:22764204

  3. Chronic administration of antipsychotics impede behavioral recovery after experimental traumatic brain injury.

    PubMed

    Kline, Anthony E; Hoffman, Ann N; Cheng, Jeffrey P; Zafonte, Ross D; Massucci, Jaime L

    2008-12-31

    Antipsychotics are often administered to traumatic brain injured (TBI) patients as a means of controlling agitation, albeit the rehabilitative consequences of this intervention are not well known. Hence, the goal of this study was to evaluate the effects of risperidone (RISP) and haloperidol (HAL) on behavioral outcome after experimental TBI. Anesthetized rats received either a cortical impact or sham injury and then were randomly assigned to five TBI (RISP 0.045mg/kg, RISP 0.45mg/kg, RISP 4.5mg/kg, HAL 0.5mg/kg and VEHicle 1mL/kg) and three Sham (RISP 4.5mg/kg, HAL 0.5mg/kg and VEH 1mL/kg) groups. Treatments began 24h after surgery and were provided once daily for 19 days. Behavior was assessed with established motor (beam-balance/walk) and cognitive (spatial learning/memory in a water maze) tasks on post-operative days 1-5 and 14-19, respectively. RISP and HAL delayed motor recovery, impaired the acquisition of spatial learning, and slowed swim speed relative to VEH in both TBI and sham groups. These data indicate that chronic administration of RISP and HAL impede behavioral recovery after TBI and impair performance in uninjured controls.

  4. Glutathione Depletion and Recovery After Acute Ethanol Administration in the Aging Mouse

    PubMed Central

    Vogt, Barbara L.; Richie, John P.

    2007-01-01

    Glutathione (GSH) plays an important role in the detoxification of ethanol (EtOH) and acute EtOH administration leads to GSH depletion in the liver and other tissues. Aging is also associated with a progressive decline in GSH levels and impairment in GSH biosynthesis in many tissues. Thus, the present study was designed to examine the effects of aging on EtOH-induced depletion and recovery of GSH in different tissues of the C57Bl/6NNIA mouse. EtOH (2-5 g/kg) or saline was administered i.p. to mice of ages 6 mo (young), 12 mo (mature), and 24 mo (old); and GSH and cyst(e)ine concentrations were measured 0-24 hours thereafter. EtOH administration (5g/kg) depleted hepatic GSH levels >50% by 6 hr in all animals. By 24 hr, levels remained low in both young and old mice, but recovered to baseline levels in mature mice. At 6 hr, the decrease in hepatic GSH was dose-dependent up to 3 g/kg EtOH, but not at higher doses. The extent of depletion at the 3 g/kg dose was dependent upon age, with old mice demonstrating significantly lower GSH levels than mature mice (P<0.001). Altogether these results indicate that aging was associated with a greater degree of EtOH and fasting-induced GSH depletion and subsequent impaired recovery in liver. An impaired ability to recover was also observed in young animals. Further studies are required to determine if an inability to recover from GSH depletion by EtOH is associated with enhanced toxicity. PMID:17343832

  5. FACTS Devices Cost Recovery During Congestion Management in Deregulated Electricity Markets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sharma, Ashwani Kumar; Mittapalli, Ram Kumar; Pal, Yash

    2016-09-01

    In future electricity markets, flexible alternating current transmission system (FACTS) devices will play key role for providing ancillary services. Since huge cost is involved for the FACTS devices placement in the power system, the cost invested has to be recovered in their life time for the replacement of these devices. The FACTS devices in future electricity markets can act as an ancillary services provider and have to be remunerated. The main contributions of the paper are: (1) investment recovery of FACTS devices during congestion management such as static VAR compensator and unified power flow controller along with thyristor controlled series compensator using non-linear bid curves, (2) the impact of ZIP load model on the FACTS cost recovery of the devices, (3) the comparison of results obtained without ZIP load model for both pool and hybrid market model, (4) secure bilateral transactions incorporation in hybrid market model. An optimal power flow based approach has been developed for maximizing social welfare including FACTS devices cost. The optimal placement of the FACTS devices have been obtained based on maximum social welfare. The results have been obtained for both pool and hybrid electricity market for IEEE 24-bus RTS.

  6. FACTS Devices Cost Recovery During Congestion Management in Deregulated Electricity Markets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sharma, Ashwani Kumar; Mittapalli, Ram Kumar; Pal, Yash

    2015-07-01

    In future electricity markets, flexible alternating current transmission system (FACTS) devices will play key role for providing ancillary services. Since huge cost is involved for the FACTS devices placement in the power system, the cost invested has to be recovered in their life time for the replacement of these devices. The FACTS devices in future electricity markets can act as an ancillary services provider and have to be remunerated. The main contributions of the paper are: (1) investment recovery of FACTS devices during congestion management such as static VAR compensator and unified power flow controller along with thyristor controlled series compensator using non-linear bid curves, (2) the impact of ZIP load model on the FACTS cost recovery of the devices, (3) the comparison of results obtained without ZIP load model for both pool and hybrid market model, (4) secure bilateral transactions incorporation in hybrid market model. An optimal power flow based approach has been developed for maximizing social welfare including FACTS devices cost. The optimal placement of the FACTS devices have been obtained based on maximum social welfare. The results have been obtained for both pool and hybrid electricity market for IEEE 24-bus RTS.

  7. 76 FR 13182 - Settlement Agreement for Recovery of Past Response Costs; 345 North 700 East, Richfield PCE Site...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-10

    ... AGENCY Settlement Agreement for Recovery of Past Response Costs; 345 North 700 East, Richfield PCE Site... the United States has at this Site for Past Response Costs, as those terms are defined in the...), with regard to reimbursement of Past Response Costs. Opportunity for Comment: For thirty (30)...

  8. 76 FR 10028 - Settlement Agreement for Recovery of Past Response Costs 10,000 Havana Street Site, Commerce City...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-23

    ... AGENCY Settlement Agreement for Recovery of Past Response Costs 10,000 Havana Street Site, Commerce City... Site for Past Response Costs, as those terms are defined in the Settlement Agreement. Under the terms... reimbursement of Past Response Costs. Opportunity for Comment: For thirty (30) days following the publication...

  9. 75 FR 9102 - Recovery of Cost of Hospital and Medical Care and Treatment Furnished by the United States...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-01

    ..., or dental care. This change responds to the increase in medical costs since 1992, when the current... Part 43 Recovery of Cost of Hospital and Medical Care and Treatment Furnished by the United States... intervening period, the cost of medical care and treatment has increased substantially. That increase...

  10. Predicting the performance and cost of ORC waste-heat-recovery systems

    SciTech Connect

    Krazinski, J.L.; Bushby, H.M.; Buyco, E.H.

    1981-01-01

    Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC) systems have been designed and tested for the recovery of waste heat from low-temperature sources. These systems use organic working fluids, rather than steam, in the cycle. A computer code was developed to predict the power outputs and costs of these systems. Six organic fluids and steam are considered in this paper. The thermophysical properties of the seven fluids are compared and their impact upon the system design is discussed. System costs are presented for exhaust-gas heat sources with maximum temperatures of 500 to 1000F. The power outputs in these cases range from approximately 500 kW to 2500 kW. Certain organic fluids are restricted to the lower-heat-source temperatures because of thermal-stability limitations. For the heat-source temperatures at which the various fluids were used, however, similar system costs and power-output levels were obtained for the six organic fluids.

  11. Administrative costs for advance payment of health coverage tax credits: an initial analysis.

    PubMed

    Dorn, Stan

    2007-03-01

    Health Coverage Tax Credits (HCTCs), created under the Trade Act of 2002, pay 65 percent of health insurance premiums for certain workers displaced by international trade and early retirees. These credits can be paid directly to insurers when monthly premiums are due, in advance of annual tax return filing. While HCTC administrative costs have fallen significantly since program start-ups, they still comprise approximately 34 percent of total spending. Changes to the HCTC program could lower administrative costs, but the size of the resulting savings is unknown. These findings have important implications for any future tax credit plan intended to cover the uninsured.

  12. Losartan administration reduces fibrosis but hinders functional recovery after volumetric muscle loss injury.

    PubMed

    Garg, Koyal; Corona, Benjamin T; Walters, Thomas J

    2014-11-15

    Losartan is a Food and Drug Administration approved antihypertensive medication that is recently emerging as an antifibrotic therapy. Previously, losartan has been successfully used to reduce fibrosis and improve both muscle regeneration and function in several models of recoverable skeletal muscle injuries, such as contusion and laceration. In this study, the efficacy of losartan treatment in reducing fibrosis and improving regeneration was determined in a Lewis rat model of volumetric muscle loss (VML) injury. VML has been defined as the traumatic or surgical loss of skeletal muscle with resultant functional impairment. It is among the top 10 causes for wounded service members to be medically retired from the military. This study shows that, after several weeks of recovery, VML injury results in little to no muscle regeneration, but is marked by persistent inflammation, chronic upregulation of profibrotic markers and extracellular matrix (i.e., collagen type I), and fat deposition at the defect site, which manifest irrecoverable deficits in force production. Losartan administration at 10 mg·kg(-1)·day(-1) was able to modulate the gene expression of fibrotic markers and was also effective at reducing fibrosis (i.e., the deposition of collagen type I) in the injured muscle. However, there were no improvements in muscle regeneration, and deleterious effects on muscle function were observed instead. We propose that, in the absence of regeneration, reduction in fibrosis worsens the ability of the VML injured muscle to transmit forces, which ultimately results in decreased muscle function.

  13. 45 CFR 1301.32 - Limitations on costs of development and administration of a Head Start program.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... costs are those costs related to the overall management of the program. These costs can be in both the personnel and non-personnel categories. (2) Grantees must charge the costs of organization-wide management functions as development and administrative costs. These functions include planning, coordination...

  14. Impacts on irrigated agriculture of changes in electricity costs resulting from Western Area Power Administration`s power marketing alternatives

    SciTech Connect

    Edwards, B.K.; Flaim, S.J.; Howitt, R.E.; Palmer, S.C.

    1995-03-01

    Irrigation is a major factor in the growth of US agricultural productivity, especially in western states, which account for more than 85% of the nation`s irrigated acreage. In some of these states, almost all cropland is irrigated, and nearly 50% of the irrigation is done with electrically powered pumps. Therefore, even small increases in the cost of electricity could have a disproportionate impact on irrigated agriculture. This technical memorandum examines the impacts that could result from proposed changes in the power marketing programs of the Western Area Power Administration`s Salt Lake City Area Office. The changes could increase the cost of power to all Western customers, including rural municipalities and irrigation districts that rely on inexpensive federal power to pump water. The impacts are assessed by translating changes in Western`s wholesale power rate into changes in the cost of pumping water as an input for agricultural production. Farmers can adapt to higher electricity prices in many ways, such as (1) using different pumping fuels, (2) adding workers and increasing management to irrigate more efficiently, and (3) growing more drought-tolerant crops. This study projects several responses, including using less groundwater and planting fewer waterintensive crops. The study finds that when dependence on Western`s power is high, the cost of power can have a major effect on energy use, agricultural practices, and the distribution of planted acreage. The biggest percentage changes in farm income would occur (1) in Nevada and Utah (however, all projected changes are less than 2% of the baseline) and (2) under the marketing alternatives that represent the lowest capacity and energy offer considered in Western`s Electric Power Marketing Environmental Impact Statement. The aggregate impact on farm incomes and the value of total farm production would be much smaller than that suggested by the changes in water use and planted acreage.

  15. Design and implementation of a new low-cost subsurface mooring system for efficient data recovery

    SciTech Connect

    Tian, Chuan; Deng, Zhiqun; Tian, Jiwei; Zhao, Wei; Song, Dalei; Xu, Ming; Xu, Xiaoyang; Lu, Jun

    2013-09-23

    Mooring systems are the most effective method for making sustained time series observations in the oceans. Generally there are two types of ocean mooring systems: surface and subsurface. Subsurface mooring system is less likely to be damaged after deployment than surface system. However, subsurface system usually needs to be retrieved from the ocean for data recovery. This paper describes the design and implementation of a new low-cost subsurface mooring system for efficient data recovery: Timed Communication Buoy System (TCBS). TCBS is usually integrated in the main float and the designated data is downloaded from the control system. After data retrieval, TCBS will separate from main float, rise up to the sea surface, and transmit data by satellite communication.

  16. What are the costs and benefits of biodiversity recovery in a highly polluted estuary?

    PubMed

    Pascual, M; Borja, A; Franco, J; Burdon, D; Atkins, J P; Elliott, M

    2012-01-01

    Biodiversity recovery measures have often been ignored when dealing with the restoration of degraded aquatic systems. Furthermore, biological valuation methods have been applied only spatially in previous studies, and not jointly on a temporal and spatial scale. The intense monitoring efforts carried out in a highly polluted estuary, in northern Spain (Nervión estuary), allowed for the economic valuation of the costs and the biological valuation of the benefits associated with a 21 years sewage scheme application. The analysis show that the total amount of money invested into the sewage scheme has contributed to the estuary's improvement of both environmental and biological features, as well as to an increase in the uses and services provided by the estuary. However, the inner and outer parts of the estuary showed different responses. An understanding of the costs and trajectories of the environmental recovery of degraded aquatic systems is increasingly necessary to allow policy makers and regulators to formulate robust, cost-efficient and feasible management decisions.

  17. 75 FR 34117 - Proposed CERCLA Section 122(h) Cost Recovery Settlement for the H.M. Quackenbush, Inc. Superfund...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-16

    ... AGENCY Proposed CERCLA Section 122(h) Cost Recovery Settlement for the H.M. Quackenbush, Inc. Superfund... recovery settlement agreement pursuant to Section 122(h) of CERCLA, 42 U.S.C. 9622(h), regarding the H.M... requires Frederick H. Hagar (``Settling Party''), CEO, Chairman and majority shareholder of...

  18. 34 CFR 690.10 - Administrative cost allowance to participating schools.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Administrative cost allowance to participating schools. 690.10 Section 690.10 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF POSTSECONDARY EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION FEDERAL PELL GRANT PROGRAM Scope, Purpose...

  19. 34 CFR 403.195 - What are the administrative cost requirements applicable to local recipients?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... VOCATIONAL AND APPLIED TECHNOLOGY EDUCATION PROGRAM What Conditions Must be Met by Local Recipients? § 403... 34 Education 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false What are the administrative cost requirements applicable to local recipients? 403.195 Section 403.195 Education Regulations of the Offices of...

  20. 34 CFR 30.62 - When does the Secretary forego interest, administrative costs, or penalties?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 34 Education 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false When does the Secretary forego interest, administrative costs, or penalties? 30.62 Section 30.62 Education Office of the Secretary, Department of Education DEBT... debt contained in 4 CFR part 103. (b) For a debt not based on a loan the Secretary may waive,...

  1. 34 CFR 30.62 - When does the Secretary forego interest, administrative costs, or penalties?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false When does the Secretary forego interest, administrative costs, or penalties? 30.62 Section 30.62 Education Office of the Secretary, Department of Education DEBT... debt contained in 4 CFR part 103. (b) For a debt not based on a loan the Secretary may waive,...

  2. 31 CFR Appendix II(f) to Part 13 - Overhead and Administrative Costs

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Overhead and Administrative Costs II(F) Appendix II(F) to Part 13 Money and Finance: Treasury Office of the Secretary of the Treasury PROCEDURES FOR PROVIDING ASSISTANCE TO STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS IN PROTECTING FOREIGN DIPLOMATIC...

  3. 31 CFR Appendix I(f) to Part 13 - Estimated Overhead and Administrative Costs

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Estimated Overhead and Administrative Costs I(F) Appendix I(F) to Part 13 Money and Finance: Treasury Office of the Secretary of the Treasury PROCEDURES FOR PROVIDING ASSISTANCE TO STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS IN PROTECTING FOREIGN DIPLOMATIC...

  4. 24 CFR 570.610 - Uniform administrative requirements and cost principles.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... DEVELOPMENT, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT COMMUNITY FACILITIES COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT BLOCK... 24 Housing and Urban Development 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Uniform administrative requirements and cost principles. 570.610 Section 570.610 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating...

  5. 47 CFR 24.241 - Administration of the Cost-Sharing Plan.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Administration of the Cost-Sharing Plan. 24.241 Section 24.241 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) COMMON CARRIER SERVICES PERSONAL COMMUNICATIONS SERVICES Broadband PCS Policies Governing Microwave Relocation from the...

  6. 47 CFR 24.241 - Administration of the Cost-Sharing Plan.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Administration of the Cost-Sharing Plan. 24.241 Section 24.241 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) COMMON CARRIER SERVICES PERSONAL COMMUNICATIONS SERVICES Broadband PCS Policies Governing Microwave Relocation from the...

  7. 47 CFR 24.241 - Administration of the Cost-Sharing Plan.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Administration of the Cost-Sharing Plan. 24.241 Section 24.241 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) COMMON CARRIER SERVICES PERSONAL COMMUNICATIONS SERVICES Broadband PCS Policies Governing Microwave Relocation from the...

  8. 43 CFR 429.19 - What happens if the initial estimate for administrative costs is insufficient?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false What happens if the initial estimate for administrative costs is insufficient? 429.19 Section 429.19 Public Lands: Interior Regulations Relating to Public Lands BUREAU OF RECLAMATION, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR USE OF BUREAU OF RECLAMATION LAND,...

  9. 77 FR 19425 - Prescription Drugs Not Administered During Treatment; Update to Administrative Cost for Calendar...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-30

    ... AFFAIRS Prescription Drugs Not Administered During Treatment; Update to Administrative Cost for Calendar... purposes of calculating VA's charges for prescription drugs that were not administered during treatment but... administered during treatment for: (1) A nonservice-connected disability for which the veteran is entitled...

  10. 78 FR 13675 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Submission for OMB Review; Cost Accounting Standards Administration

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-28

    ... was published in the Federal Register at 77 FR 69441, on November 19, 2012. Two respondents submitted... the Federal Register at 75 FR 3236, on January 20, 2010. Based on data from the Federal Procurement... Regulation; Submission for OMB Review; Cost Accounting Standards Administration AGENCY: Department of...

  11. 34 CFR 226.23 - May charter schools use grant funds for administrative costs?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ..., Local, and Indian Tribal Governments). (b) Consistent with the requirements in 34 CFR 75.564(c)(2), any... OF ELEMENTARY AND SECONDARY EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION STATE CHARTER SCHOOL FACILITIES... administrative costs? (a) Except as provided in paragraph (b) of this section, charter school subgrantees may...

  12. 34 CFR 226.23 - May charter schools use grant funds for administrative costs?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ..., Local, and Indian Tribal Governments). (b) Consistent with the requirements in 34 CFR 75.564(c)(2), any... OF ELEMENTARY AND SECONDARY EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION STATE CHARTER SCHOOL FACILITIES... administrative costs? (a) Except as provided in paragraph (b) of this section, charter school subgrantees may...

  13. 34 CFR 226.23 - May charter schools use grant funds for administrative costs?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ..., Local, and Indian Tribal Governments). (b) Consistent with the requirements in 34 CFR 75.564(c)(2), any... OF ELEMENTARY AND SECONDARY EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION STATE CHARTER SCHOOL FACILITIES... administrative costs? (a) Except as provided in paragraph (b) of this section, charter school subgrantees may...

  14. 34 CFR 226.23 - May charter schools use grant funds for administrative costs?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ..., Local, and Indian Tribal Governments). (b) Consistent with the requirements in 34 CFR 75.564(c)(2), any... OF ELEMENTARY AND SECONDARY EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION STATE CHARTER SCHOOL FACILITIES... administrative costs? (a) Except as provided in paragraph (b) of this section, charter school subgrantees may...

  15. 34 CFR 226.23 - May charter schools use grant funds for administrative costs?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ..., Local, and Indian Tribal Governments). (b) Consistent with the requirements in 34 CFR 75.564(c)(2), any... OF ELEMENTARY AND SECONDARY EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION STATE CHARTER SCHOOL FACILITIES... administrative costs? (a) Except as provided in paragraph (b) of this section, charter school subgrantees may...

  16. 34 CFR 403.186 - What are the administrative cost requirements applicable to a State?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... APPLIED TECHNOLOGY EDUCATION PROGRAM What Financial Conditions Must Be Met by a State? § 403.186 What are... 34 Education 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What are the administrative cost requirements applicable to a State? 403.186 Section 403.186 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department...

  17. 34 CFR 403.195 - What are the administrative cost requirements applicable to local recipients?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... VOCATIONAL AND APPLIED TECHNOLOGY EDUCATION PROGRAM What Conditions Must be Met by Local Recipients? § 403... 34 Education 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What are the administrative cost requirements applicable to local recipients? 403.195 Section 403.195 Education Regulations of the Offices of...

  18. 28 CFR 100.11 - Allowable costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) COST RECOVERY REGULATIONS, COMMUNICATIONS... reimbursement under section 109(e) CALEA are: (1) All reasonable plant costs directly associated with the... undergoes major modifications; (2) Additional reasonable plant costs directly associated with making...

  19. Liquid redox sulfur recovery options, costs, and environmental considerations for the natural gas industry

    SciTech Connect

    Dalrymple, D.A.; Trofe, W. ); ))

    1988-01-01

    Liquid redox chemistry has been employed for sulfur removal and recovery applications since the 1950's. The first process to be used commercially was the Stretford process, which was used extensively in the United States in the 1960's as a replacement for the iron sponge process in the treatment of sour town gas. In recent years, the Stretford process has been joined in the United State' marketplace by several other liquid redox processes including the Unisulf, Sulfolin, LO-CAT, SulFerox, and Hiperion processes. This paper describes the chemistry and engineering options available with each process, as well as the environmental and cost considerations associated with these processes.

  20. The Program Administrator Cost of Saved Energy for Utility Customer-Funded Energy Efficiency Programs

    SciTech Connect

    Billingsley, Megan A.; Hoffman, Ian M.; Stuart, Elizabeth; Schiller, Steven R.; Goldman, Charles A.; LaCommare, Kristina

    2014-03-19

    End-use energy efficiency is increasingly being relied upon as a resource for meeting electricity and natural gas utility system needs within the United States. There is a direct connection between the maturation of energy efficiency as a resource and the need for consistent, high-quality data and reporting of efficiency program costs and impacts. To support this effort, LBNL initiated the Cost of Saved Energy Project (CSE Project) and created a Demand-Side Management (DSM) Program Impacts Database to provide a resource for policy makers, regulators, and the efficiency industry as a whole. This study is the first technical report of the LBNL CSE Project and provides an overview of the project scope, approach, and initial findings, including: • Providing a proof of concept that the program-level cost and savings data can be collected, organized, and analyzed in a systematic fashion; • Presenting initial program, sector, and portfolio level results for the program administrator CSE for a recent time period (2009-2011); and • Encouraging state and regional entities to establish common reporting definitions and formats that would make the collection and comparison of CSE data more reliable. The LBNL DSM Program Impacts Database includes the program results reported to state regulators by more than 100 program administrators in 31 states, primarily for the years 2009–2011. In total, we have compiled cost and energy savings data on more than 1,700 programs over one or more program-years for a total of more than 4,000 program-years’ worth of data, providing a rich dataset for analyses. We use the information to report costs-per-unit of electricity and natural gas savings for utility customer-funded, end-use energy efficiency programs. The program administrator CSE values are presented at national, state, and regional levels by market sector (e.g., commercial, industrial, residential) and by program type (e.g., residential whole home programs, commercial new

  1. Cost of Radiotherapy Versus NSAID Administration for Prevention of Heterotopic Ossification After Total Hip Arthroplasty

    SciTech Connect

    Strauss, Jonathan B. Chen, Sea S.; Shah, Anand P.; Coon, Alan B.; Dickler, Adam

    2008-08-01

    Purpose: Heterotopic ossification (HO), or abnormal bone formation, is a common sequela of total hip arthroplasty. This abnormal bone can impair joint function and must be surgically removed to restore mobility. HO can be prevented by postoperative nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) use or radiotherapy (RT). NSAIDs are associated with multiple toxicities, including gastrointestinal bleeding. Although RT has been shown to be more efficacious than NSAIDs at preventing HO, its cost-effectiveness has been questioned. Methods and Materials: We performed an analysis of the cost of postoperative RT to the hip compared with NSAID administration, taking into account the costs of surgery for HO formation, treatment-induced morbidity, and productivity loss from missed work. The costs of RT, surgical revision, and treatment of gastrointestinal bleeding were estimated using the 2007 Medicare Fee Schedule and inpatient diagnosis-related group codes. The cost of lost wages was estimated using the 2006 median salary data from the U.S. Census Bureau. Results: The cost of administering RT was estimated at $899 vs. $20 for NSAID use. After accounting for the additional costs associated with revision total hip arthroplasty and gastrointestinal bleeding, the corresponding estimated costs were $1,208 vs. $930. Conclusion: If the costs associated with treatment failure and treatment-induced morbidity are considered, the cost of NSAIDs approaches that of RT. Other NSAID morbidities and quality-of-life differences that are difficult to quantify add to the cost of NSAIDs. These considerations have led us to recommend RT as the preferred modality for use in prophylaxis against HO after total hip arthroplasty, even when the cost is considered.

  2. Alternative strategies for energy recovery from municipal solid waste Part B: Emission and cost estimates.

    PubMed

    Consonni, S; Giugliano, M; Grosso, M

    2005-01-01

    This two-part paper assesses four strategies for energy recovery from Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) by dedicated Waste-To-Energy (WTE) plants. In strategy 1, the residue of Material Recovery (MR) is fed directly to a grate combustor, while in strategy 2 the grate combustor comes downstream of light mechanical treatment. In strategies 3 and 4, the MR residue is converted into Refuse Derived Fuel (RDF), in a fluidized cumbuster bed. The results of Part A, devoted to mass and energy balances, clearly show that pre-treating the MR residue in order to increase the heating value of the feedstock fed to the WTE plant has marginal effects on the energy efficiency of the WTE plant. When considering the efficiency of the whole strategy of waste management, the energy balances show that the more thorough the pre-treatment, the smaller the amount of energy recovered per unit of MR residue. Starting from the heat/mass balances illustrated in Part A, Part B examines the environmental impacts and economics of the various strategies by means of a Life Cycle Assessment (LCA). Results show that treating the MR residues ahead of the WTE plant does not provide environmental or economic benefits. RDF production worsens almost all impact indicators because it reduces net electricity production and thus the displacement of power plant emissions; it also increases costs, because the benefits of improving the quality of the material fed to the WTE plant do not compensate the cost of such improvement.

  3. 45 CFR 1301.32 - Limitations on costs of development and administration of a Head Start program.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... occupation, operation and maintenance of program component space, including utilities. (d) Dual benefit costs. (1) Some costs benefit both the program components as well as development and administrative... occupying, operating and maintaining space. (c) Program costs. Program costs include, but are not limited...

  4. 45 CFR 1301.32 - Limitations on costs of development and administration of a Head Start program.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... occupation, operation and maintenance of program component space, including utilities. (d) Dual benefit costs. (1) Some costs benefit both the program components as well as development and administrative... occupying, operating and maintaining space. (c) Program costs. Program costs include, but are not limited...

  5. 48 CFR 9904.410 - Allocation of business unit general and administrative expenses to final cost objectives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... unit general and administrative expenses to final cost objectives. 9904.410 Section 9904.410 Federal Acquisition Regulations System COST ACCOUNTING STANDARDS BOARD, OFFICE OF FEDERAL PROCUREMENT POLICY, OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT AND BUDGET PROCUREMENT PRACTICES AND COST ACCOUNTING STANDARDS COST...

  6. Distribution and cost of wheelchairs and scooters provided by Veterans Health Administration.

    PubMed

    Hubbard, Sandra L; Fitzgerald, Shirley G; Vogel, Bruce; Reker, Dean M; Cooper, Rory A; Boninger, Michael L

    2007-01-01

    During fiscal years 2000 and 2001, the Veterans Health Administration provided veterans with more than 131,000 wheelchairs and scooters at a cost of $109 million. This national study is the first to investigate Veterans Health Administration costs in providing wheelchairs and scooters and to compare regional prescription patterns. With a retrospective design, we used descriptive methods to analyze fiscal years 2000 and 2001 National Prosthetics Patient Database data (cleaned data set of 113,724 records). Wheelchairs were categorized by function, weight, and adjustability options for meeting individual needs (e.g., axle position, camber, position of wheels, tilt, and recline options). Results displayed a cost distribution that was negatively skewed by low-cost accessories coded as wheelchairs. Of the standard manual wheelchairs, 3.5% could be considered beyond the customary cost. Regionally, 71% to 86% of all wheelchairs provided were manual wheelchairs, 5% to 11% were power wheelchairs, and 5% to 20% were scooters. The considerable variation found in the types of wheelchairs and scooters provided across Veterans Integrated Service Networks may indicate a need for evidence-based prescription guidelines and clinician training in wheeled-mobility technologies.

  7. Recovery

    NASA Video Gallery

    This video discusses the recovery events that occur in high-power rocketry and the various devices used in safely recovering the rocket. The video includes a discussion of black powder and ejection...

  8. [Recovery].

    PubMed

    Estingoy, Pierrette; Gilliot, Élodie; Parisot, Clément

    2015-01-01

    The historical fatalism of the impossibility of recovering from psychosis eased from the 1970s with the shaping of the idea of a possible recovery. Recovery is today the objective for the patient and caregivers. The key to achieving this lies in the encounter with Others. A collective approach, on the level of the institution, must be established. The aim is to create opportunities for the patient to express their doubts and feelings. PMID:26363659

  9. 31 CFR 5.5 - How will Treasury entities add interest, penalty charges, and administrative costs to a Treasury...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... administrative costs on Treasury debts in accordance with the provisions of 31 U.S.C. 3717 and 31 CFR 901.9, on... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false How will Treasury entities add... Debts § 5.5 How will Treasury entities add interest, penalty charges, and administrative costs to...

  10. 36 CFR 1011.5 - What interest, penalty charges and administrative costs will the Presidio Trust add to a debt?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false What interest, penalty charges and administrative costs will the Presidio Trust add to a debt? 1011.5 Section 1011.5 Parks... § 1011.5 What interest, penalty charges and administrative costs will the Presidio Trust add to a...

  11. 31 CFR 5.5 - How will Treasury entities add interest, penalty charges, and administrative costs to a Treasury...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... administrative costs on Treasury debts in accordance with the provisions of 31 U.S.C. 3717 and 31 CFR 901.9, on... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false How will Treasury entities add... Debts § 5.5 How will Treasury entities add interest, penalty charges, and administrative costs to...

  12. 15 CFR 19.5 - How will Commerce entities add interest, penalty charges, and administrative costs to a Commerce...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... administrative costs on Commerce debts in accordance with the provisions of 31 U.S.C. 3717 and 31 CFR 901.9... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false How will Commerce entities add... Debts § 19.5 How will Commerce entities add interest, penalty charges, and administrative costs to...

  13. 20 CFR 667.210 - What administrative cost limits apply to Workforce Investment Act title I grants?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... Workforce Investment Act title I grants? 667.210 Section 667.210 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING... INVESTMENT ACT Administrative Rules, Costs and Limitations § 667.210 What administrative cost limits apply to Workforce Investment Act title I grants? (a) Formula grants to States: (1) As part of the 15 percent that...

  14. 45 CFR 1301.32 - Limitations on costs of development and administration of a Head Start program.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Limitations on costs of development and... Welfare (Continued) OFFICE OF HUMAN DEVELOPMENT SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES THE... and General Administration § 1301.32 Limitations on costs of development and administration of a...

  15. Risk-Adjusted Impact of Administrative Costs on the Distribution of Terminal Wealth for Long-Term Investment

    PubMed Central

    Guillén, Montserrat; Jarner, Søren Fiig; Pérez-Marín, Ana M.

    2014-01-01

    The impact of administrative costs on the distribution of terminal wealth is approximated using a simple formula applicable to many investment situations. We show that the reduction in median returns attributable to administrative fees is usually at least twice the amount of the administrative costs charged for most investment funds, when considering a risk-adjustment correction over a reasonably long-term time horizon. The example we present covers a number of standard cases and can be applied to passive investments, mutual funds, and hedge funds. Our results show investors the potential losses they face in performance due to administrative costs. PMID:25180200

  16. Risk-adjusted impact of administrative costs on the distribution of terminal wealth for long-term investment.

    PubMed

    Guillén, Montserrat; Jarner, Søren Fiig; Nielsen, Jens Perch; Pérez-Marín, Ana M

    2014-01-01

    The impact of administrative costs on the distribution of terminal wealth is approximated using a simple formula applicable to many investment situations. We show that the reduction in median returns attributable to administrative fees is usually at least twice the amount of the administrative costs charged for most investment funds, when considering a risk-adjustment correction over a reasonably long-term time horizon. The example we present covers a number of standard cases and can be applied to passive investments, mutual funds, and hedge funds. Our results show investors the potential losses they face in performance due to administrative costs.

  17. Risk-adjusted impact of administrative costs on the distribution of terminal wealth for long-term investment.

    PubMed

    Guillén, Montserrat; Jarner, Søren Fiig; Nielsen, Jens Perch; Pérez-Marín, Ana M

    2014-01-01

    The impact of administrative costs on the distribution of terminal wealth is approximated using a simple formula applicable to many investment situations. We show that the reduction in median returns attributable to administrative fees is usually at least twice the amount of the administrative costs charged for most investment funds, when considering a risk-adjustment correction over a reasonably long-term time horizon. The example we present covers a number of standard cases and can be applied to passive investments, mutual funds, and hedge funds. Our results show investors the potential losses they face in performance due to administrative costs. PMID:25180200

  18. The high-cost, type 2 diabetes mellitus patient: an analysis of managed care administrative data

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) affects 25.8 million individuals in the United States and exerts a substantial economic burden on patients, health care systems, and society. Few studies have categorized costs and resource use at the patient level. The goals of this study were to assess predictors of being a high-cost (HC) patient and compare HC T2DM patients with not high-cost (NHC) T2DM patients. Methods Using managed care administrative claims data, patients with two or more T2DM diagnoses between 2005 and 2010 were selected. Patients were followed for 1 year after their first observed T2DM diagnosis; patients not continuously enrolled during this period were excluded from the study. Study measures included annual health care expenditures by component (i.e., inpatient, outpatient, pharmacy, total). Patients accruing total costs in the top 10% of the overall cost distribution (i.e., patients with costs > $20,528) were classified as HC a priori; all other patients were considered NHC. To assess predictors of being HC, a logistic regression model was estimated, accounting for demographics; underlying comorbidity burden (using the Charlson Comorbidity Index [CCI] score); diagnoses of renal impairment, obesity, or hypertension; and receipt of insulin, oral antidiabetics only, or no antidiabetics. Results A total of 1,720,041 patients met the inclusion criteria; 172,004 were HC. The mean (SD) CCI score for HC patients was 4.3 (3.0) versus 2.1 (1.7) for NHC patients. Mean (SD; upper 95% confidence interval-lower 95% confidence interval) annual per-patient costs were $56,468 ($65,604; $56,778-$56,157) among HC patients and $4,674 ($4,504; $4,695-$4,652) among NHC patients. Inpatient care and pharmacy costs were higher for HC patients than for NHC patients. The strongest predictor of being an HC patient was having a CCI score of 2 or greater (odds ratio [OR] = 4.896), followed by a diagnosis of obesity (OR = 2.106), renal impairment (OR = 2

  19. Economic analysis of electronic waste recycling: modeling the cost and revenue of a materials recovery facility in California.

    PubMed

    Kang, Hai-Yong; Schoenung, Julie M

    2006-03-01

    The objectives of this study are to identify the various techniques used for treating electronic waste (e-waste) at material recovery facilities (MRFs) in the state of California and to investigate the costs and revenue drivers for these techniques. The economics of a representative e-waste MRF are evaluated by using technical cost modeling (TCM). MRFs are a critical element in the infrastructure being developed within the e-waste recycling industry. At an MRF, collected e-waste can become marketable output products including resalable systems/components and recyclable materials such as plastics, metals, and glass. TCM has two main constituents, inputs and outputs. Inputs are process-related and economic variables, which are directly specified in each model. Inputs can be divided into two parts: inputs for cost estimation and for revenue estimation. Outputs are the results of modeling and consist of costs and revenues, distributed by unit operation, cost element, and revenue source. The results of the present analysis indicate that the largest cost driver for the operation of the defined California e-waste MRF is the materials cost (37% of total cost), which includes the cost to outsource the recycling of the cathode ray tubes (CRTs) (dollar 0.33/kg); the second largest cost driver is labor cost (28% of total cost without accounting for overhead). The other cost drivers are transportation, building, and equipment costs. The most costly unit operation is cathode ray tube glass recycling, and the next are sorting, collecting, and dismantling. The largest revenue source is the fee charged to the customer; metal recovery is the second largest revenue source.

  20. Toxico-kinetics, recovery, and metabolism of napropamide in goats following a single high-dose oral administration.

    PubMed

    Pahari, A K; Majumdar, S; Mandal, T K; Chakraborty, A K; Bhattacharyya, A; Chowdhury, A

    2001-04-01

    Toxicokinetic behavior, recovery and metabolism of napropamide (a pre-emergent herbicide) and its effect on Cytochrome P(450) of liver microsomal pellet were studied following a single high-dose oral administration of 2.5 g kg(-1) and continuous (7 days) oral administration of 500 mg kg(-1) in black Bengal goat. Napropamide was detected in blood at 15 min and the maximum quantity was recovered at 3 h after administration. The absorption rate constant (Ka) value was low indicating poor absorption from the gastrointestinal tract. High elimination half-life (t(1/2) beta) and low body clearance (Cl(B)) values coupled with higher transfer of compound from tissue to central compartment (K(21)) suggest that napropamide persisted in the blood for a long time, i.e., after 72 h of oral administration. The recovery percentage of napropamide, including metabolites, from goats varied from 75.94 to 80.08 and excretion of the parent compound through feces varied from 18.86 to 21.59%, indicating that a major portion of the orally administered napropamide was absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract of goat. Napropamide significantly increased the Cytochrome P(450) content of liver microsomal pellet. The recovery of metabolites from feces, urine, and tissues ranged from 4.2--6.2, 40.81--49.42, and 2.7--11.6%, respectively, during a 4--7 day period. The material balance of napropamide (including metabolites) following a single high-dose oral administration at 2.5 g kg(-1) during 4--7 days after dosing was found to be in the range of 75--80%. PMID:11308331

  1. How to think clearly about Medicare administrative costs: data sources and measurement.

    PubMed

    Sullivan, Kip

    2013-06-01

    The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) annually publishes two measures of Medicare's administrative expenditures. One of these appears in the reports of the Medicare Boards of Trustees and the other in the National Health Expenditure Accounts (NHEA). The latest trustees' report indicates Medicare's administrative expenditures are 1 percent of total Medicare spending, while the latest NHEA indicates the figure is 6 percent. The debate about Medicare's administrative expenditures, which emerged several years ago, reflects widespread confusion about these data. Critics of Medicare argue that the official reports on Medicare's overhead ignore or hide numerous types of administrative spending, such as the cost of collecting taxes and Part B premiums. Defenders of Medicare claim the official statistics are accurate. But participants on both sides of this debate fail to cite the official documents and do not analyze CMS's methodology. This article examines the controversy over the methodology CMS uses to calculate the trustees' and NHEA's measures and the sources of confusion and ignorance about them. It concludes with a discussion of how the two measures should be used.

  2. Economic Costs of a Postrelease Intervention for Incarcerated Female Substance Abusers: Recovery Management Checkups for Women Offenders (RMC-WO)

    PubMed Central

    McCollister, Kathryn E.; Scott, Christy K.; Dennis, Michael L.; Freitas, Derek M.; French, Michael T.; Funk, Rodney R.

    2015-01-01

    This study estimates the economic costs of Recovery Management Checkups for Women Offenders (RMC-WO), highlighting the unique mix of services and differential costs between two distinct phases of the intervention. Participants were randomly assigned to quarterly outcome monitoring (OM) only (n=242) or OM plus Recovery Management Checkups (OM-plus-RMC) (n=238). The OM-only condition has a total annual economic cost of $76,010, which equates to $81 quarterly per person. The average cost per OM interview completed is $86. OM-plus-RMC generates a total annual economic cost of $126,717, or $137 quarterly per person. The cost per interview completed is $147 and the cost per intervention session completed is $161. RMC-WO has a relatively modest additional cost compared with the average costs of post-release supervision, which can range from $3.42 ($1,250) per day (year) for probationers to $7.47 ($2,750) per day (year) for parolees. The clinical, economic, and policy implications of incorporating RMC-WO into existing corrections and/or community-based treatment settings are discussed. PMID:27030790

  3. 20 CFR 641.859 - What other special rules govern the classification of costs as administrative costs or program...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...), all costs incurred by vendors are program costs. (See 29 CFR 99.210 for a discussion of factors... documented distributions of actual time worked or other equitable cost allocation methods. (d) Specific costs... information systems including the purchase, systems development and operating (e.g., data entry) costs...

  4. LOWER COST METHODS FOR IMPROVED OIL RECOVERY (IOR) VIA SURFACTANT FLOODING

    SciTech Connect

    William A. Goddard III; Yongchun Tang; Patrick Shuler; Mario Blanco; Seung Soon Jang; Shiang-Tai Lin; Prabal Maiti; Yongfu Wu; Stefan Iglauer; Xiaohang Zhang

    2004-09-01

    This report provides a summary of the work performed in this 3-year project sponsored by DOE. The overall objective of this project is to identify new, potentially more cost-effective surfactant formulations for improved oil recovery (IOR). The general approach is to use an integrated experimental and computational chemistry effort to improve our understanding of the link between surfactant structure and performance, and from this knowledge, develop improved IOR surfactant formulations. Accomplishments for the project include: (1) completion of a literature review to assemble current and new surfactant IOR ideas, (2) Development of new atomistic-level MD (molecular dynamic) modeling methodologies to calculate IFT (interfacial tension) rigorously from first principles, (3) exploration of less computationally intensive mesoscale methods to estimate IFT, Quantitative Structure Property Relationship (QSPR), and cohesive energy density (CED) calculations, (4) experiments to screen many surfactant structures for desirable low IFT and solid adsorption behavior, and (5) further experimental characterization of the more promising new candidate formulations (based on alkyl polyglycosides (APG) and alkyl propoxy sulfate surfactants). Important findings from this project include: (1) the IFT between two pure substances may be calculated quantitatively from fundamental principles using Molecular Dynamics, the same approach can provide qualitative results for ternary systems containing a surfactant, (2) low concentrations of alkyl polyglycoside surfactants have potential for IOR (Improved Oil Recovery) applications from a technical standpoint (if formulated properly with a cosurfactant, they can create a low IFT at low concentration) and also are viable economically as they are available commercially, and (3) the alkylpropoxy sulfate surfactants have promising IFT performance also, plus these surfactants can have high optimal salinity and so may be attractive for use in higher

  5. The evaluability bias in charitable giving: Saving administration costs or saving lives?

    PubMed Central

    Caviola, Lucius; Faulmüller, Nadira; Everett, Jim. A. C.; Savulescu, Julian; Kahane, Guy

    2014-01-01

    We describe the “evaluability bias”: the tendency to weight the importance of an attribute in proportion to its ease of evaluation. We propose that the evaluability bias influences decision making in the context of charitable giving: people tend to have a strong preference for charities with low overhead ratios (lower administrative expenses) but not for charities with high cost-effectiveness (greater number of saved lives per dollar), because the former attribute is easier to evaluate than the latter. In line with this hypothesis, we report the results of four studies showing that, when presented with a single charity, people are willing to donate more to a charity with low overhead ratio, regardless of cost-effectiveness. However, when people are presented with two charities simultaneously—thereby enabling comparative evaluation—they base their donation behavior on cost-effectiveness (Study 1). This suggests that people primarily value cost-effectiveness but manifest the evaluability bias in cases where they find it difficult to evaluate. However, people seem also to value a low overhead ratio for its own sake (Study 2). The evaluability bias effect applies to charities of different domains (Study 3). We also show that overhead ratio is easier to evaluate when its presentation format is a ratio, suggesting an inherent reference point that allows meaningful interpretation (Study 4). PMID:25279024

  6. Income-tax considerations related to the classification of carbon dioxide tertiary recovery project source well drilling and development costs

    SciTech Connect

    Morris, J.R.

    1984-09-01

    There are a number of income tax considerations and planning alternatives for obtaining the maximum income tax benefits available to taxpayers who incur significant costs in drilling domestic carbon dioxide (CO/sub 2/) source wells in connection with tertiary recovery projects. These include deductions for mining exploration expenditures and mining development expenditures. 16 references.

  7. 76 FR 60493 - Settlement Agreements for Recovery of Past Response Costs; Granite Timber Post and Pole Site...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-29

    ... AGENCY Settlement Agreements for Recovery of Past Response Costs; Granite Timber Post and Pole Site, Philipsburg, Granite County, MT AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Notice and Request for... Mark Metesh (Settling Party), regarding the Granite Timber Site (Site), located 5 miles south...

  8. Deferred Cost Recovery for Higher Education: Student Loan Programs in Developing Countries. World Bank Discussion Papers, No. 137.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Albrecht, Douglas; Ziderman, Adrian

    This study analyzes the experience of existing higher education student loan programs in developing countries in order to understand their role in fostering cost recovery. Detailed financial analyses of 24 loan programs shows that present value of the repayments collected constitutes a small percentage of the loan value disbursed. In general,…

  9. 75 FR 34448 - Proposed CERCLA Administrative Cost Recovery Settlement; Great Lakes Container Corporation...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-17

    ... Uniroyal, Inc.); Cytec Industries Inc. (on behalf of American Cyanamid Company); Hubbard Hall, Inc.; Invesys, Inc. on behalf of Elmwood Sensors, Inc.; Chevron Environmental Management Company, for itself...

  10. 76 FR 77528 - Proposed CERCLA Administrative Cost Recovery Settlement; North Hollywood Operable Unit of the San...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-13

    ... will receive written comments relating to the settlement. The Agency will consider all comments... Central Library, Science and Technology Department, 630 West 5th Street, Los Angeles, CA 90071 and at...

  11. 76 FR 79678 - Proposed CERCLA Administrative Cost Recovery Settlement; North Hollywood Operable Unit of the San...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-22

    ... will receive written comments relating to the settlement. The Agency will consider all comments... Central Library, Science and Technology Department, 630 West 5th Street, Los Angeles, CA 90071 and at...

  12. 76 FR 39401 - Proposed CERCLA Administrative Cost Recovery Settlement Agreement; Textron Inc., Whittaker...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-06

    ... Corporation, United States Army, and United States Department of Energy AGENCY: Environmental Protection... United States Department of Energy. The settlement requires payment of $4,115,000 in reimbursement of... response to any comments received will be available for public inspection at the Concord Free...

  13. 77 FR 123 - Proposed CERCLA Administrative Cost Recovery Settlement; North Hollywood Operable Unit of the San...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-03

    ..., California, with the following settling party: Waste Management Recycling & Disposal Services of California, Inc., dba Bradley Landfill & Recycling Center. The settlement requires the settling party to pay...

  14. 78 FR 13056 - Proposed CERCLA Administrative Cost Recovery Settlement; in re: Factory H Superfund Site, Meriden...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-26

    ... thirty (30) days following the date of publication of this notice, the Agency will receive written... received will be available for public inspection at 5 Post Office Square, Boston, Massachusetts 02109- 3912... Post Office Square, Suite 100 (OES 04-3), Boston, MA 02109-3912 (telephone (617) 918-1867) and...

  15. 77 FR 42310 - Proposed CERCLA Administrative Cost Recovery Settlement; City of Middletown, CT and RLO...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-18

    ... approved by the Environmental and Natural Resources Division of the United States Department of Justice... comments relating to the settlement. The United States will consider all comments received and may modify... comments received will be available for public inspection at 5 Post Office Square, Boston, MA...

  16. 78 FR 18429 - Cost Recovery for Permit Processing, Administration, and Enforcement

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-26

    ... 1990, 55 FR 29536 (July 19, 1990). Pursuant to those regulations, we collect only approximately 2... for sale or use of Government goods or resources.'' 58 FR 38144 (adopted 1959; revised July 15,...

  17. 78 FR 20393 - Cost Recovery for Permit Processing, Administration, and Enforcement

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-04

    ... Enforcement Republication Editorial Note: FR Doc. 2013-6950 which was originally published on pages 18430... related to fee collections over 20 years ago, in 1990, 55 FR 29536 (July 19, 1990). Pursuant to those... ``fees assessed for Government services and for sale or use of Government goods or resources.'' 58...

  18. 76 FR 60493 - Proposed CERCLA Administrative Past Cost Recovery Settlement; IUNA, Inc. aka IU North America...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-29

    ...., Mine 2028 Site, Brazil, IN, SF Site B5KK AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Notice... 2028 site in Brazil, Clay County, Indiana with the following settling party: IUNA, Inc., also known as..., Chicago, IL 60604 or kujawa.jerome@epa.gov Comments should reference the Mine 2028 Site in Brazil,...

  19. 18 CFR 35.26 - Recovery of stranded costs by public utilities and transmitting utilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... POWER ACT FILING OF RATE SCHEDULES AND TARIFFS Other Filing Requirements § 35.26 Recovery of stranded... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Recovery of stranded... means any wholesale requirements contract executed on or before July 11, 1994. (c) Recovery of...

  20. 18 CFR 35.26 - Recovery of stranded costs by public utilities and transmitting utilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... POWER ACT FILING OF RATE SCHEDULES AND TARIFFS Other Filing Requirements § 35.26 Recovery of stranded... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Recovery of stranded... means any wholesale requirements contract executed on or before July 11, 1994. (c) Recovery of...

  1. 18 CFR 35.26 - Recovery of stranded costs by public utilities and transmitting utilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... POWER ACT FILING OF RATE SCHEDULES AND TARIFFS Other Filing Requirements § 35.26 Recovery of stranded... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Recovery of stranded... means any wholesale requirements contract executed on or before July 11, 1994. (c) Recovery of...

  2. 28 CFR 100.12 - Reasonable costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) COST RECOVERY REGULATIONS, COMMUNICATIONS... competitive business. Reasonableness of specific costs must be examined with particular care in connection... carrier's business or the performance of this obligation; or (2) Whether it is a generally accepted...

  3. 20 CFR 667.210 - What administrative cost limits apply to Workforce Investment Act title I grants?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... limited to no more than ten percent (10%) of the amount allocated to the local area under sections 128(b... for Statewide administrative costs nor the ten percent (10%) of the amount allotted that may...

  4. 15 CFR 19.5 - How will Commerce entities add interest, penalty charges, and administrative costs to a Commerce...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Foreign Trade Office of the Secretary of Commerce COMMERCE DEBT COLLECTION Procedures To Collect Commerce... administrative costs on Commerce debts in accordance with the provisions of 31 U.S.C. 3717 and 31 CFR 901.9.... Commerce entities may have additional policies regarding how interest, penalties, and administrative...

  5. 45 CFR 1301.32 - Limitations on costs of development and administration of a Head Start program.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN, YOUTH AND FAMILIES, HEAD START PROGRAM HEAD START GRANTS ADMINISTRATION Personnel... and component training and transportation for staff, parents and volunteers; (2) Costs of functions... associated with parent involvement and component volunteer services; and (4) Expenses related to...

  6. 20 CFR 669.555 - Do the WIA administrative cost limits for States and local areas apply to NFJP grants?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... TRAINING ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR NATIONAL FARMWORKER JOBS PROGRAM UNDER TITLE I OF THE WORKFORCE INVESTMENT ACT Performance Accountability, Planning and Waiver Provision § 669.555 Do the WIA administrative cost limits for States and local areas apply to NFJP grants? No, under 20 CFR 667.210(b),...

  7. 20 CFR 669.555 - Do the WIA administrative cost limits for States and local areas apply to NFJP grants?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... TRAINING ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR NATIONAL FARMWORKER JOBS PROGRAM UNDER TITLE I OF THE WORKFORCE INVESTMENT ACT Performance Accountability, Planning and Waiver Provision § 669.555 Do the WIA administrative cost limits for States and local areas apply to NFJP grants? No, under 20 CFR 667.210(b),...

  8. Human NgR-Fc Decoy Protein via Lumbar Intrathecal Bolus Administration Enhances Recovery from Rat Spinal Cord Contusion

    PubMed Central

    Wang, Xingxing; Yigitkanli, Kazim; Kim, Chang-Yeon; Sekine-Komo, Tomoko; Wirak, Dana; Frieden, Eric; Bhargava, Ajay; Maynard, George; Cafferty, William B.J.

    2014-01-01

    Abstract Axonal growth and neurological recovery after traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) is limited by the presence of inhibitory proteins in myelin, several of which act via the NgR1 protein in neurons. A truncated soluble ligand-binding fragment of NgR1 serves as a decoy and promotes recovery in acute and chronic rodent SCI models. To develop the translational potential of these observations, we created a human sequence-derived NgR1(310)-Fc protein. This protein is active in vitro. When the human NgR1 decoy is administered by continuous intracerebroventricular infusion to rats with a spinal contusion injury at doses of 0.09–0.53 mg/kg/d, neurological recovery is improved. Effective doses double the percentage of rats able to bear weight on their hindlimbs. Next, we considered the half-life and distribution of NgR1(310)-Fc after bolus delivery to the lumbar intrathecal space. The protein is found throughout the neuraxis and has a tissue half-life of approximately 2 days in the rat, and 5 days in the nonhuman primate. At an intermittent, once every 4 day, lumbar bolus dosing schedule of 0.14 mg/kg/d, NgR1(310)-Fc promoted locomotor rat recovery from spinal cord contusion at least as effectively as continuous infusion in open field and grid walking tasks. Moreover, the intermittent lumbar NgR1(310)-Fc treatment increased the growth of raphespinal axons into the lumbar spinal cord after injury. Thus, human NgR1(310)-Fc provides effective treatment for recovery from traumatic SCI in this preclinical model with a simplified administration regimen that facilitates clinical testing. PMID:24964223

  9. Estimating the administrative cost of regulatory noncompliance: a pilot method for quantifying the value of prevention.

    PubMed

    Emery, R J; Charlton, M A; Mathis, J L

    2000-05-01

    Routine regulatory inspections provide a valuable independent quality assurance review of radiation protection programs that ultimately serves to improve overall program performance. But when an item of non-compliance is noted, regardless of its significance or severity the ensuing notice of violation (NOV) results in an added cost to both the permit holder and the regulatory authority. Such added costs may be tangible, in the form of added work to process and resolve the NOV, or intangible, in the form of damage to organizational reputation or worker morale. If the portion of the tangible costs incurred by a regulatory agency for issuing NOVs could be quantified, the analysis could aid in the identification of agency resources that might be dedicated to other areas such as prevention. Ideally, any prevention activities would reduce the overall number of NOVs issued without impacting the routine inspection process. In this study, the administrative costs of NOV issuance and resolution was estimated by obtaining data from the professional staff of the Texas Department of Health, Bureau of Radiation Control (TDH-BRC). Based a focus group model, the data indicate that approximately $106,000 in TDH-BRC personnel resources were expended to process and resolve the 6,800 NOVs issued in Texas during 1997 inspection activities. The study's findings imply that an incremental decrease in the number of NOVs issued would result in corresponding savings of agency resources. Suggested prevention activities that might be financed through any resource savings include the dissemination of common violation data to permit holders or training for improving correspondence with regulatory agencies. The significance of this exercise is that any savings experienced by an agency could enhance permittee compliance without impacting the routine inspection process.

  10. Review on Dog Rabies Vaccination Coverage in Africa: A Question of Dog Accessibility or Cost Recovery?

    PubMed Central

    Jibat, Tariku; Hogeveen, Henk; Mourits, Monique C. M.

    2015-01-01

    Background Rabies still poses a significant human health problem throughout most of Africa, where the majority of the human cases results from dog bites. Mass dog vaccination is considered to be the most effective method to prevent rabies in humans. Our objective was to systematically review research articles on dog rabies parenteral vaccination coverage in Africa in relation to dog accessibility and vaccination cost recovery arrangement (i.e.free of charge or owner charged). Methodology/Principal Findings A systematic literature search was made in the databases of CAB abstracts (EBSCOhost and OvidSP), Scopus, Web of Science, PubMed, Medline (EBSCOhost and OvidSP) and AJOL (African Journal Online) for peer reviewed articles on 1) rabies control, 2) dog rabies vaccination coverage and 3) dog demography in Africa. Identified articles were subsequently screened and selected using predefined selection criteria like year of publication (viz. ≥ 1990), type of study (cross sectional), objective(s) of the study (i.e. vaccination coverage rates, dog demographics and financial arrangements of vaccination costs), language of publication (English) and geographical focus (Africa). The selection process resulted in sixteen peer reviewed articles which were used to review dog demography and dog ownership status, and dog rabies vaccination coverage throughout Africa. The main review findings indicate that 1) the majority (up to 98.1%) of dogs in African countries are owned (and as such accessible), 2) puppies younger than 3 months of age constitute a considerable proportion (up to 30%) of the dog population and 3) male dogs are dominating in numbers (up to 3.6 times the female dog population). Dog rabies parenteral vaccination coverage was compared between “free of charge” and “owner charged” vaccination schemes by the technique of Meta-analysis. Results indicate that the rabies vaccination coverage following a free of charge vaccination scheme (68%) is closer to the

  11. 20 CFR 645.235 - What types of activities are subject to the administrative cost limit on Welfare-to-Work grants?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... administrative cost limit on Welfare-to-Work grants? 645.235 Section 645.235 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR PROVISIONS GOVERNING WELFARE-TO-WORK GRANTS General Program... cost limit on Welfare-to-Work grants? (a) Administrative cost limitation (section...

  12. 20 CFR 645.235 - What types of activities are subject to the administrative cost limit on Welfare-to-Work grants?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... administrative cost limit on Welfare-to-Work grants? 645.235 Section 645.235 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR PROVISIONS GOVERNING WELFARE-TO-WORK GRANTS General Program... cost limit on Welfare-to-Work grants? (a) Administrative cost limitation (section...

  13. 20 CFR 645.235 - What types of activities are subject to the administrative cost limit on Welfare-to-Work grants?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... administrative cost limit on Welfare-to-Work grants? 645.235 Section 645.235 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR PROVISIONS GOVERNING WELFARE-TO-WORK GRANTS General Program... cost limit on Welfare-to-Work grants? (a) Administrative cost limitation (section...

  14. Cost Effective Surfactant Formulations for Improved Oil Recovery in Carbonate Reservoirs

    SciTech Connect

    William A. Goddard; Yongchun Tang; Patrick Shuler; Mario Blanco; Yongfu Wu

    2007-09-30

    This report summarizes work during the 30 month time period of this project. This was planned originally for 3-years duration, but due to its financial limitations, DOE halted funding after 2 years. The California Institute of Technology continued working on this project for an additional 6 months based on a no-cost extension granted by DOE. The objective of this project is to improve the performance of aqueous phase formulations that are designed to increase oil recovery from fractured, oil-wet carbonate reservoir rock. This process works by increasing the rate and extent of aqueous phase imbibition into the matrix blocks in the reservoir and thereby displacing crude oil normally not recovered in a conventional waterflood operation. The project had three major components: (1) developing methods for the rapid screening of surfactant formulations towards identifying candidates suitable for more detailed evaluation, (2) more fundamental studies to relate the chemical structure of acid components of an oil and surfactants in aqueous solution as relates to their tendency to wet a carbonate surface by oil or water, and (3) a more applied study where aqueous solutions of different commercial surfactants are examined for their ability to recover a West Texas crude oil from a limestone core via an imbibition process. The first item, regarding rapid screening methods for suitable surfactants has been summarized as a Topical Report. One promising surfactant screening protocol is based on the ability of a surfactant solution to remove aged crude oil that coats a clear calcite crystal (Iceland Spar). Good surfactant candidate solutions remove the most oil the quickest from the surface of these chips, plus change the apparent contact angle of the remaining oil droplets on the surface that thereby indicate increased water-wetting. The other fast surfactant screening method is based on the flotation behavior of powdered calcite in water. In this test protocol, first the calcite

  15. Recovery Act: Billions of Dollars in Education Credits Appear to Be Erroneous. Treasury Inspector General for Tax Administration. Reference Number: 2011-41-083

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    US Department of the Treasury, 2011

    2011-01-01

    Education credits are available to help offset the costs of higher education for taxpayers, their spouses, and dependents who qualify as eligible students. The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (Recovery Act) amended the Hope Scholarship Tax Credit (Hope Credit) to provide for a refundable tax credit known as the American Opportunity…

  16. 43 CFR 426.23 - Recovery of operation and maintenance (O&M) costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Recovery of operation and maintenance (O&M... RECLAMATION, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR ACREAGE LIMITATION RULES AND REGULATIONS § 426.23 Recovery of... allocates to irrigation; (2) If in the year the amendment is executed, the district's contract rate was...

  17. 43 CFR 426.23 - Recovery of operation and maintenance (O&M) costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Recovery of operation and maintenance (O&M... RECLAMATION, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR ACREAGE LIMITATION RULES AND REGULATIONS § 426.23 Recovery of... allocates to irrigation; (2) If in the year the amendment is executed, the district's contract rate was...

  18. 43 CFR 426.23 - Recovery of operation and maintenance (O&M) costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2012-10-01 2011-10-01 true Recovery of operation and maintenance (O&M... RECLAMATION, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR ACREAGE LIMITATION RULES AND REGULATIONS § 426.23 Recovery of... allocates to irrigation; (2) If in the year the amendment is executed, the district's contract rate was...

  19. Subcutaneous daidzein administration enhances recovery of skilled ladder rung walking performance following stroke in rats.

    PubMed

    Stout, Jessica M; Knapp, Austen N; Banz, William J; Wallace, Douglas G; Cheatwood, Joseph L

    2013-11-01

    Stroke is a devastating event which can result in permanent disability. Due to the lack of treatments available for use after stroke, compounds which work to limit cell loss, reduce behavioral deficits, and enhance recovery of function are needed. The isoflavone daidzein has been demonstrated to be neuroprotective when fed to rats beginning prior to stroke. Herein, we tested whether subcutaneous delivery of daidzein beginning at the time of stroke reduced injury and/or enhanced functional recovery over 14 days after stroke. Baseline performance on the skilled ladder rung walking task was recorded immediately before stroke (Day 0). Rats then underwent a unilateral permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion and received a subcutaneous minipump containing either daidzein dissolved in vehicle or vehicle alone. Performance on the skilled ladder rung walking task was recorded again on Day +3, Day +7, and Day +14 post-stroke. Rats were then euthanized and brains were collected for lesion volume analysis. The numbers of slight and deep forelimb slips on the task were recorded for 3 trials for each rat per day. Rats treated with daidzein exhibited fewer deep slips over the course of the experiment than rats which received only vehicle (p<0.05). No difference was detected in total forelimb slips or slight slips (p>0.05). Lesion volume was not different between groups (p>0.05). No differences were found in weight between groups during the study (p>0.05). PMID:23994543

  20. The high cost of diarrhoeal illness for urban slum households–a cost-recovery approach: a cohort study

    PubMed Central

    Patel, Ronak B; Stoklosa, Hanni; Shitole, Shrutika; Shitole, Tejal; Sawant, Kiran; Nanarkar, Mahesh; Subbaraman, Ramnath; Ridpath, Alison; Patil-Deshmuk, Anita

    2013-01-01

    Objectives Rapid urbanisation has often meant that public infrastructure has not kept pace with growth leading to urban slums with poor access to water and sanitation and high rates of diarrhoea with greater household costs due to illness. This study sought to determine the monetary cost of diarrhoea to urban slum households in Kaula Bandar slum in Mumbai, India. The study also tested the hypotheses that the cost of water and sanitation infrastructure may be surpassed by the cumulative costs of diarrhoea for households in an urban slum community. Design A cohort study using a baseline survey of a random sample followed by a systematic longitudinal household survey. The baseline survey was administered to a random sample of households. The systematic longitudinal survey was administered to every available household in the community with a case of diarrhoea for a period of 5 weeks. Participants Every household in Kaula Bandar was approached for the longitudinal survey and all available and consenting adults were included. Results The direct cost of medical care for having at least one person in the household with diarrhoea was 205 rupees. Other direct costs brought total expenses to 291 rupees. Adding an average loss of 55 rupees per household from lost wages and monetising lost productivity from homemakers gave a total loss of 409 rupees per household. During the 5-week study period, this community lost an estimated 163 600 rupees or 3635 US dollars due to diarrhoeal illness. Conclusions The lack of basic water and sanitation infrastructure is expensive for urban slum households in this community. Financing approaches that transfer that cost to infrastructure development to prevent illness may be feasible. These findings along with the myriad of unmeasured benefits of preventing diarrhoeal illness add to pressing arguments for investment in basic water and sanitation infrastructure. PMID:23558731

  1. 76 FR 72921 - Proposed CERCLA Administrative Bona Fide Prospective Purchaser Settlement; The City of Dowagiac...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-28

    ... proposed administrative settlement for recovery of past and projected future response costs concerning the... comments received disclose facts or considerations which indicate that the settlement is...

  2. Administration of interleukin-6 stimulates multilineage hematopoiesis and accelerates recovery from radiation-induced hematopoietic depression

    SciTech Connect

    Patchen, M.L.; MacVittie, T.J.; Williams, J.L.; Schwartz, G.N.; Souza, L.M. )

    1991-02-01

    Hematopoietic depression and subsequent susceptibility to potentially lethal opportunistic infections are well-documented phenomena following radiotherapy. Methods to therapeutically mitigate radiation-induced myelosuppression could offer great clinical value. In vivo studies have demonstrated that interleukin-6 (IL-6) stimulates pluripotent hematopoietic stem cell (CFU-s), granulocyte-macrophage progenitor cell (GM-CFC), and erythroid progenitor cell (CFU-e) proliferation in normal mice. Based on these results, the ability of IL-6 to stimulate hematopoietic regeneration following radiation-induced hematopoietic injury was also evaluated. C3H/HeN female mice were exposed to 6.5 Gy 60Co radiation and subcutaneously administered either saline or IL-6 on days 1 through 3 or 1 through 6 postexposure. On days 7, 10, 14, 17, and 22, femoral and splenic CFU-s, GM-CFC, and CFU-e contents and peripheral blood white cell, red cell, and platelet counts were determined. Compared with saline treatment, both 3-day and 6-day IL-6 treatments accelerated hematopoietic recovery; 6-day treatment produced the greater effects. For example, compared with normal control values (N), femoral and splenic CFU-s numbers in IL-6-treated mice 17 days postirradiation were 27% N and 136% N versus 2% N and 10% N in saline-treated mice. At the same time, bone marrow and splenic GM-CFC values were 58% N and 473% N versus 6% N and 196% N in saline-treated mice; bone marrow and splenic CFU-e numbers were 91% N and 250% N versus 31% N and 130% N in saline-treated mice; and peripheral blood white cell, red cell, and platelet values were 210% N, 60% N, and 24% N versus 18% N, 39% N, and 7% N in saline-treated mice. These studies demonstrate that therapeutically administered IL-6 can effectively accelerate multilineage hematopoietic recovery following radiation-induced hematopoietic injury.

  3. Biomedical laboratory uses VAV fume hoods and heat recovery to save fuel costs

    SciTech Connect

    Baker, P.L. . Peter F. Loftus Div.)

    1994-03-01

    This article describes a HVAC system utilizing VAV fume hoods and heat recovery equipment to save energy. The topics of the article include building description and system design, planning, IAQ/thermal comfort, innovative design features such as digitally controlled VAV fume hoods, chiller heat recovery for fume hood make-up air reheat, glycol-run-around system for the animal facility, glycol-run-around free cooling/make-up air preheating system, and operations and maintenance.

  4. Life cycle cost of a hybrid forward osmosis - low pressure reverse osmosis system for seawater desalination and wastewater recovery.

    PubMed

    Valladares Linares, R; Li, Z; Yangali-Quintanilla, V; Ghaffour, N; Amy, G; Leiknes, T; Vrouwenvelder, J S

    2016-01-01

    In recent years, forward osmosis (FO) hybrid membrane systems have been investigated as an alternative to conventional high-pressure membrane processes (i.e. reverse osmosis (RO)) for seawater desalination and wastewater treatment and recovery. Nevertheless, their economic advantage in comparison to conventional processes for seawater desalination and municipal wastewater treatment has not been clearly addressed. This work presents a detailed economic analysis on capital and operational expenses (CAPEX and OPEX) for: i) a hybrid forward osmosis - low-pressure reverse osmosis (FO-LPRO) process, ii) a conventional seawater reverse osmosis (SWRO) desalination process, and iii) a membrane bioreactor - reverse osmosis - advanced oxidation process (MBR-RO-AOP) for wastewater treatment and reuse. The most important variables affecting economic feasibility are obtained through a sensitivity analysis of a hybrid FO-LPRO system. The main parameters taken into account for the life cycle costs are the water quality characteristics (similar feed water and similar water produced), production capacity of 100,000 m(3) d(-1) of potable water, energy consumption, materials, maintenance, operation, RO and FO module costs, and chemicals. Compared to SWRO, the FO-LPRO systems have a 21% higher CAPEX and a 56% lower OPEX due to savings in energy consumption and fouling control. In terms of the total water cost per cubic meter of water produced, the hybrid FO-LPRO desalination system has a 16% cost reduction compared to the benchmark for desalination, mainly SWRO. Compared to the MBR-RO-AOP, the FO-LPRO systems have a 7% lower CAPEX and 9% higher OPEX, resulting in no significant cost reduction per m(3) produced by FO-LPRO. Hybrid FO-LPRO membrane systems are shown to have an economic advantage compared to current available technology for desalination, and comparable costs with a wastewater treatment and recovery system. Based on development on FO membrane modules, packing density, and

  5. Life cycle cost of a hybrid forward osmosis - low pressure reverse osmosis system for seawater desalination and wastewater recovery.

    PubMed

    Valladares Linares, R; Li, Z; Yangali-Quintanilla, V; Ghaffour, N; Amy, G; Leiknes, T; Vrouwenvelder, J S

    2016-01-01

    In recent years, forward osmosis (FO) hybrid membrane systems have been investigated as an alternative to conventional high-pressure membrane processes (i.e. reverse osmosis (RO)) for seawater desalination and wastewater treatment and recovery. Nevertheless, their economic advantage in comparison to conventional processes for seawater desalination and municipal wastewater treatment has not been clearly addressed. This work presents a detailed economic analysis on capital and operational expenses (CAPEX and OPEX) for: i) a hybrid forward osmosis - low-pressure reverse osmosis (FO-LPRO) process, ii) a conventional seawater reverse osmosis (SWRO) desalination process, and iii) a membrane bioreactor - reverse osmosis - advanced oxidation process (MBR-RO-AOP) for wastewater treatment and reuse. The most important variables affecting economic feasibility are obtained through a sensitivity analysis of a hybrid FO-LPRO system. The main parameters taken into account for the life cycle costs are the water quality characteristics (similar feed water and similar water produced), production capacity of 100,000 m(3) d(-1) of potable water, energy consumption, materials, maintenance, operation, RO and FO module costs, and chemicals. Compared to SWRO, the FO-LPRO systems have a 21% higher CAPEX and a 56% lower OPEX due to savings in energy consumption and fouling control. In terms of the total water cost per cubic meter of water produced, the hybrid FO-LPRO desalination system has a 16% cost reduction compared to the benchmark for desalination, mainly SWRO. Compared to the MBR-RO-AOP, the FO-LPRO systems have a 7% lower CAPEX and 9% higher OPEX, resulting in no significant cost reduction per m(3) produced by FO-LPRO. Hybrid FO-LPRO membrane systems are shown to have an economic advantage compared to current available technology for desalination, and comparable costs with a wastewater treatment and recovery system. Based on development on FO membrane modules, packing density, and

  6. Local administration of icariin contributes to peripheral nerve regeneration and functional recovery.

    PubMed

    Chen, Bo; Niu, Su-Ping; Wang, Zhi-Yong; Wang, Zhen-Wei; Deng, Jiu-Xu; Zhang, Pei-Xun; Yin, Xiao-Feng; Han, Na; Kou, Yu-Hui; Jiang, Bao-Guo

    2015-01-01

    Our previous study showed that systemic administration of the traditional Chinese medicine Epimedium extract promotes peripheral nerve regeneration. Here, we sought to explore the therapeutic effects of local administration of icariin, a major component of Epimedium extract, on peripheral nerve regeneration. A poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) biological conduit sleeve was used to bridge a 5 mm right sciatic nerve defect in rats, and physiological saline, nerve growth factor, icariin suspension, or nerve growth factor-releasing microsphere suspension was injected into the defect. Twelve weeks later, sciatic nerve conduction velocity and the number of myelinated fibers were notably greater in the rats treated with icariin suspension or nerve growth factor-releasing microspheres than those that had received nerve growth factor or physiological saline. The effects of icariin suspension were similar to those of nerve growth factor-releasing microspheres. These data suggest that icariin acts as a nerve growth factor-releasing agent, and indicate that local application of icariin after spinal injury can promote peripheral nerve regeneration. PMID:25788925

  7. Can cost sharing measures improve the function of outpatient departments of public hospitals: the opinions of administrative directors.

    PubMed

    Tsirona, Christina; Siskou, Olga; Galanis, Peter; Kaitelidou, Daphne; Tsavalias, Konstantinos; Ragkousi, Argyro; Semertziadi, Maria; Anagnostopoulou, Ioanna; Vafiadis, John; Liaropoulos, Lycourgos

    2013-01-01

    This paper describes a study aiming to investigate the opinions of administrative personnel concerning the effectiveness of a cost sharing mechanism (of euro 5/visit) at public hospitals' outpatient departments. Data was derived through a structured questionnaire (developed by the researchers) which appealed to 112 administrative directors of public hospitals. Results highlighted a positive attitude concerning the function of the cost - sharing mechanism at public hospitals, a rather fair measure for the users (vulnerable groups are excluded) which probably is enhancing the monetary flow in public hospitals.

  8. Systemic Administration of Epothilone B Promotes Axon Regeneration and Functional Recovery after Spinal Cord Injury

    PubMed Central

    Ruschel, Jörg; Hellal, Farida; Flynn, Kevin C.; Dupraz, Sebastian; Elliot, David A.; Tedeschi, Andrea; Bates, Margaret; Sliwinski, Christopher; Brook, Gary; Dobrint, Kristina; Peitz, Michael; Brüstle, Oliver; Norenberg, Michael D.; Blesch, Armin; Weidner, Norbert; Bunge, Mary Bartlett; Bixby, John L.; Bradke, Frank

    2015-01-01

    After central nervous system (CNS) injury, inhibitory factors in the lesion scar and a poor axon growth potential prevent axon regeneration. Microtubule stabilization reduces scarring and promotes axon growth. However, the cellular mechanisms of this dual effect remain unclear. Here, delayed systemic administration of a blood-brain barrier permeable microtubule stabilizing drug, epothilone B, decreased scarring after rodent spinal cord injury (SCI) by abrogating polarization and directed migration of scar-forming fibroblasts. Conversely, epothilone B reactivated neuronal polarization by inducing concerted microtubule polymerization into the axon tip, which propelled axon growth through an inhibitory environment. Together, these drug elicited effects promoted axon regeneration and improved motor function after SCI. With recent clinical approval, epothilones hold promise for clinical use after CNS injury. PMID:25765066

  9. A Low Cost, Self Acting, Liquid Hydrogen Boil-Off Recovery System

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Pelfrey, Joy W.; Sharp, Kirk V. (Technical Monitor)

    2001-01-01

    The purpose of this research was to develop a prototype liquid hydrogen boll-off recovery system. Perform analyses to finalize recovery system cycle, design detail components, fabricate hardware, and conduct sub-component, component, and system level tests leading to the delivery of a prototype system. The design point and off-design analyses identified cycle improvements to increase the robustness of the system by adding a by-pass heat exchanger. Based on the design, analysis, and testing conducted, the recovery system will liquefy 31% of the gaseous boil off from a liquid hydrogen storage tank. All components, including a high speed, miniature turbocompressor, were designed and manufacturing drawings were created. All hardware was fabricated and tests were conducted in air, helium, and hydrogen. Testing validated the design, except for the turbocompressor. A rotor-to-stator clearance issue was discovered as a result of a concentricity tolerance stack-up.

  10. The difference between energy consumption and energy cost: Modelling energy tariff structures for water resource recovery facilities.

    PubMed

    Aymerich, I; Rieger, L; Sobhani, R; Rosso, D; Corominas, Ll

    2015-09-15

    The objective of this paper is to demonstrate the importance of incorporating more realistic energy cost models (based on current energy tariff structures) into existing water resource recovery facilities (WRRFs) process models when evaluating technologies and cost-saving control strategies. In this paper, we first introduce a systematic framework to model energy usage at WRRFs and a generalized structure to describe energy tariffs including the most common billing terms. Secondly, this paper introduces a detailed energy cost model based on a Spanish energy tariff structure coupled with a WRRF process model to evaluate several control strategies and provide insights into the selection of the contracted power structure. The results for a 1-year evaluation on a 115,000 population-equivalent WRRF showed monthly cost differences ranging from 7 to 30% when comparing the detailed energy cost model to an average energy price. The evaluation of different aeration control strategies also showed that using average energy prices and neglecting energy tariff structures may lead to biased conclusions when selecting operating strategies or comparing technologies or equipment. The proposed framework demonstrated that for cost minimization, control strategies should be paired with a specific optimal contracted power. Hence, the design of operational and control strategies must take into account the local energy tariff.

  11. The difference between energy consumption and energy cost: Modelling energy tariff structures for water resource recovery facilities.

    PubMed

    Aymerich, I; Rieger, L; Sobhani, R; Rosso, D; Corominas, Ll

    2015-09-15

    The objective of this paper is to demonstrate the importance of incorporating more realistic energy cost models (based on current energy tariff structures) into existing water resource recovery facilities (WRRFs) process models when evaluating technologies and cost-saving control strategies. In this paper, we first introduce a systematic framework to model energy usage at WRRFs and a generalized structure to describe energy tariffs including the most common billing terms. Secondly, this paper introduces a detailed energy cost model based on a Spanish energy tariff structure coupled with a WRRF process model to evaluate several control strategies and provide insights into the selection of the contracted power structure. The results for a 1-year evaluation on a 115,000 population-equivalent WRRF showed monthly cost differences ranging from 7 to 30% when comparing the detailed energy cost model to an average energy price. The evaluation of different aeration control strategies also showed that using average energy prices and neglecting energy tariff structures may lead to biased conclusions when selecting operating strategies or comparing technologies or equipment. The proposed framework demonstrated that for cost minimization, control strategies should be paired with a specific optimal contracted power. Hence, the design of operational and control strategies must take into account the local energy tariff. PMID:26048700

  12. 20 CFR 645.235 - What types of activities are subject to the administrative cost limit on Welfare-to-Work grants?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... to be allocated as administrative or program costs to the benefitting cost objectives/categories... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false What types of activities are subject to the administrative cost limit on Welfare-to-Work grants? 645.235 Section 645.235 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT...

  13. 25 CFR 513.5 - What is the Commission's policy on interest, penalty charges, and administrative costs?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false What is the Commission's policy on interest, penalty..., DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR GENERAL PROVISIONS DEBT COLLECTION General Provisions § 513.5 What is the Commission's policy on interest, penalty charges, and administrative costs? (a) Interest. (1) The...

  14. 45 CFR 156.480 - Oversight of the administration of the cost-sharing reductions and advance payments of the...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... INSURANCE ISSUER STANDARDS UNDER THE AFFORDABLE CARE ACT, INCLUDING STANDARDS RELATED TO EXCHANGES Health Insurance Issuer Responsibilities With Respect to Advance Payments of the Premium Tax Credit and Cost... 45 Public Welfare 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Oversight of the administration of the...

  15. The Economics of Direct versus Indirect Cost Recovery in Sponsored Research. AIR Annual 1984 Forum Paper.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kutina, Kenneth L.; And Others

    The effect of reduced reimbursements by the federal government for indirect research costs was analyzed for the typical academic medical center. The effects of simply cutting indirect cost reimbursement were contrasted with the impact of securing compensating levels of increased direct project support. To determine if the consequences differed as…

  16. 26 CFR 1.43-4 - Qualified enhanced oil recovery costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...) of this section), and tangible property costs (as described in paragraph (b)(3) of this section) are... of the property for nonqualifying activities is de minimis (e.g., not greater than 10%). Costs are...) is determined without regard to section 291(b). (3) Tangible property costs—(i) In general....

  17. 26 CFR 1.43-4 - Qualified enhanced oil recovery costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...) of this section), and tangible property costs (as described in paragraph (b)(3) of this section) are... of the property for nonqualifying activities is de minimis (e.g., not greater than 10%). Costs are...) is determined without regard to section 291(b). (3) Tangible property costs—(i) In general....

  18. Individual social security accounts: issues in assessing administrative feasibility and costs.

    PubMed

    Olsen, K A; Salisbury, D L

    1998-11-01

    Whether to add individual accounts (IAs) to the Social Security system is a highly political issue. But almost lost in the debate so far have been any practical considerations about how to administer such accounts. Any discussion of whether to create individual accounts must also address the basic but critical questions of how they would work: Who would run them? What would they cost? Logistically, are they even possible? This EBRI Issue Brief provides an overview of the most salient administrative issues facing the current Social Security reform debate--issues that challenge proponents to carefully think through how their proposals could be implemented so as to achieve their policy goals. The options and difficulties in administering IAs raise concerns that cut across ideology. The object of this report is neither to dissuade the advocates nor support the critics of individual accounts. Rather, it is to bring practical considerations to a political debate that has largely ignored the pragmatic challenges of whether IAs would be too complex for participants to understand or too difficult for record keepers to administer. The major findings in this analysis include: Adding individual accounts to Social Security could be the largest undertaking in the history of the U.S. financial market, and no system to date has the capacity to administer such a system. The number of workers currently covered by Social Security--the largest single entitlement program in the nation--is at least four times higher than the combined number of all tax-favored employment-based retirement accounts in the United States, which are administered by hundreds of entities. Direct comparisons between employment-based retirement savings plans and Social Security reform are tenuous at best. Social Security covers workers and businesses that are disproportionately excluded from employment-based plans. Because of these differences, a system of individual Social Security accounts would be more

  19. The Cost of Antibiotic Mass Drug Administration for Trachoma Control in a Remote Area of South Sudan

    PubMed Central

    Kolaczinski, Jan H.; Robinson, Emily; Finn, Timothy P.

    2011-01-01

    Background Mass drug administration (MDA) of antibiotics is a key component of the so-called “SAFE” strategy for trachoma control, while MDA of anthelminthics provides the cornerstone for control of a number of other neglected tropical diseases (NTDs). Simultaneous delivery of two or more of these drugs, renowned as “integrated NTD control,” is being promoted to reduce costs and expand intervention coverage. A cost analysis was conducted alongside an MDA campaign in a remote trachoma endemic area, to inform budgeting for NTD control in South Sudan. Methods and Findings A first round of antibiotic MDA was conducted in the highly trachoma endemic county of Mayom, Unity state, from June to August 2010. A core team of seven staff delivered the intervention, including recruitment and training of 44 supervisors and 542 community drug distributors. Using an ingredients approach, financial and economic costs were captured from the provider perspective in a detailed costing database. Overall, 123,760 individuals were treated for trachoma, resulting in an estimated treatment coverage of 94%. The economic cost per person treated was USD 1.53, excluding the cost of the antibiotic azithromycin. Ninety four per cent of the delivery costs were recurrent costs, with personnel and travel/transport costs taking up the largest share. Conclusions In a remote setting and for the initial round, MDA of antibiotics was considerably more expensive than USD 0.5 per person treated, an estimate frequently quoted to advocate for integrated NTD control. Drug delivery costs in South Sudan are unlikely to decrease substantially during subsequent MDA rounds, as the major cost drivers were recurrent costs. MDA campaigns for delivery of one or more drugs in South Sudan should thus be budgeted at around USD 1.5 per person treated, at least until further costing data for delivery of other NTD drugs, singly or in combination, are available. PMID:22022632

  20. A Comparative Analysis of the Costs of Administration of an OSCE.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cusimano, Michael D.; And Others

    1994-01-01

    A study compared the costs of a six-station structured oral examination and an objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) for a surgery clerkship, assessing both faculty and materials costs. The OSCE was found to be more time consuming and expensive. Cost-cutting measures and guidelines to assist medical schools in selecting test type are…

  1. Tough Choices: A Guide to Administrative Cost Management in Colleges and Universities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cresap, Rosslyn, VA.

    This guide is a product of a study conducted as part of a broader effort by the Department of Education to identify the causes of rising college costs and find and disseminate ways to contain these costs. In institutions of higher education most costs are manageable and can be contained without jeopardizing key services. This can be achieved by…

  2. 48 CFR 52.230-6 - Administration of Cost Accounting Standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... Government will pay no aggregate increased costs. (b) Submit to the CFAO a description of any cost accounting... Disclosure Statement, if applicable), and any written statement that the cost impact of the change is... as may be mutually agreed to by the CFAO and the Contractor) before implementation of the change.......

  3. 75 FR 17139 - Proposed CERCLA Section 122(h) Cost Recovery Settlement for the Kentucky Avenue Wellfield...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-05

    ... York. The Settling Party agrees to pay EPA $82,000 in reimbursement of certain response costs related to the performance of the work incurred by EPA at the Site. The settlement includes a covenant by...

  4. Launching a Public Printing Program with Built-In Cost Recovery.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Daehn, Ralph M.

    2000-01-01

    Explains the public printing services available at computer terminals for patrons at the University of Guelph (Ontario) libraries. Highlights include configurations of the public workstations; client and server hardware and software; security features; cost projections; and printing charges. (LRW)

  5. Subcutaneous vs intravenous administration of immunoglobulin in chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy: an Italian cost-minimization analysis.

    PubMed

    Lazzaro, Carlo; Lopiano, Leonardo; Cocito, Dario

    2014-07-01

    Prior researches have suggested that home-based subcutaneous immunoglobulin (SCIG) is equally effective and can be less expensive than hospital-based intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) in treating chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP) patients. This economic evaluation aims at comparing costs of SCIG vs IVIG for CIDP patients in Italy. A 1-year model-based cost-minimization analysis basically populated via neurologists' opinion was undertaken from a societal perspective. Health care resources included immunoglobulin; drugs for premedication and complications (rash, headache, and hypertension) management; time of various health care professionals; pump for SCIG self-administration; infusion disposables. Non-health care resources encompassed transport and parking; losses of working and leisure time for patients and caregivers. Unit or yearly costs for resources valuation were mainly obtained from published sources. Costs were expressed in Euro () 2013. An extensive one-way sensitivity analysis (OWSA) and a scenario SA tested the robustness of the base case findings. Overall costs per patient amount to 49,534.75 (SCIG) and 50,895.73 (IVIG); saving in favour of SCIG reaches 1360.98. For both SCIG and IVIG, the cost driver was immunoglobulin (94.06 vs 86.06 % of the overall costs, respectively). Sensitivity analyses confirmed the consistency of the baseline results. SCIG may be a cost-saving therapy for Italian CIDP patients.

  6. The effect of using a heat recovery absorber on the performance and operating cost of the solar ammonia absorption cycles

    SciTech Connect

    Saghiruddin; Siddiqui, M.A.

    1997-02-01

    Economic analysis of ordinary and evacuated tubular type flat-plate collectors have been carried out for operating absorption cycles with and without heat recovery absorber. Water-ammonia, NaSCN-NH{sub 3} and LiNO{sub 3}-NH{sub 3} have been selected as the working fluids in the cycles. Use of a heat recovery absorber, in addition to the primary absorber in the conventional absorption cycles, lead to improvement in the system performances by about 20--30% in the H{sub 2}O-NH{sub 3} and 33--36% in the NaSCN-NH{sub 3} and LiNO{sub 3}-NH{sub 3} mixtures. Subsequently, there is a considerable amount of reduction in the cost of the solar collector required to operate them. For the set of operating conditions, in this theoretical study, the cost reduces to about 25% in the H{sub 2}O-NH{sub 3} and 30% in the NaSCN and LiNO{sub 3}-NH{sub 3} cycles.

  7. Course of health care costs before and after psychiatric inpatient treatment: patient-reported vs. administrative records

    PubMed Central

    Zentner, Nadja; Baumgartner, Ildiko; Becker, Thomas; Puschner, Bernd

    2015-01-01

    Background: There is limited evidence on the course of health service costs before and after psychiatric inpatient treatment, which might also be affected by source of cost data. Thus, this study examines: i) differences in health care costs before and after psychiatric inpatient treatment, ii) whether these differences vary by source of cost-data (self-report vs. administrative), and iii) predictors of cost differences over time. Methods: Sixty-one psychiatric inpatients gave informed consent to their statutory health insurance company to provide insurance records and completed assessments at admission and 6-month follow-up. These were compared to the self‐reported treatment costs derived from the "Client Socio-demographic and Service Use Inventory" (CSSRI‐EU) for two 6‐month observation periods before and after admission to inpatient treatment to a large psychiatric hospital in rural Bavaria. Costs were divided into subtypes including costs for inpatient and outpatient treatment as well as for medication. Results: Sixty-one participants completed both assessments. Over one year, the average patient‐reported total monthly treatment costs increased from € 276.91 to € 517.88 (paired Wilcoxon Z = ‐2.27; P = 0.023). Also all subtypes of treatment costs increased according to both data sources. Predictors of changes in costs were duration of the index admission and marital status. Conclusion: Self-reported costs of people with severe mental illness adequately reflect actual service use as recorded in administrative data. The increase in health service use after inpatient treatment can be seen as positive, while the pre-inpatient level of care is a potential problem, raising the question whether more or better outpatient care might have prevented hospital admission. Findings may serve as a basis for future studies aiming at furthering the understanding of what to expect regarding appropriate levels of post-hospital care, and what factors may help or

  8. Estimating the cost of diabetes mellitus-related events from inpatient admissions in Sweden using administrative hospitalization data.

    PubMed

    Gerdtham, Ulf-G; Clarke, Philip; Hayes, Alison; Gudbjornsdottir, Soffia

    2009-01-01

    To estimate short- and long-term costs of inpatient hospitalization in Sweden for major diabetes mellitus-related events. Costs were estimated using administrative hospital data from the Swedish National Board of Health and Welfare, which is linked to the Swedish National Diabetes Register. Data were available for 179 749 patients with diabetes in Sweden from 1998 to 2003 (mean and median duration of 6 years' follow-up). Costing of inpatient admissions was based on Nordic diagnosis-related groups (NordDRG). Multiple regression analysis (linear and generalizing estimating equation models) was used to estimate inpatient care costs controlling for age, sex and co-morbidities. The data on hospitalizations were converted to costs (euro) using 2003 exchange rates. The average annual costs (linear model) associated with inpatient admissions for a 60-year-old male in the year the first event first occurred were as follows: euro6488 (95% CI 5034, 8354) for diabetic coma; euro6850 (95% CI 6514, 7204) for heart failure; euro7853 (95% CI 7559, 8144) for non-fatal stroke; euro8121 (95% CI 7104, 9128) for peripheral circulatory complications; euro8736 (95% CI 8474, 9001) for non-fatal myocardial infarction (MI); euro10 360 (95% CI 10 085, 10 643) for ischaemic heart disease; euro11 411 (95% CI 10 298, 12 654) for renal failure; and euro14 949 (95% CI 13 849, 16 551) for amputation. On average, the costs were higher when co-morbidity was accounted for (e.g. MI with co-morbidity was twice as costly as MI alone). Average hospital inpatient costs associated with common diabetes-related events can be estimated using panel data regression methods. These could assist in modelling of long-term costs of diabetes and in evaluating the cost effectiveness of improving care.

  9. Utility reduces fuel cost with heat recovery, industrial byproduct fuel, cogeneration

    SciTech Connect

    Holland, R.J.

    1982-02-01

    A 50-MW North Dakota power plant is refurbished to recover major waste-heat sources. Use of agricultural byproduct fuel and cogeneration also helps to cut future costs. The plant is saving on fuel costs by burning 150-200 tons/day of sunflower seed hulls from a local processing plant. The hulls are pulverized and mixed with the primary fuel, North Dakota lignite. At the same time, the processing plant that supplies the sunflower hulls buys steam from the power plant, thus giving the utility some of the economic benefits of cogeneration.

  10. Estimating Lifetime Costs of Social Care: A Bayesian Approach Using Linked Administrative Datasets from Three Geographical Areas.

    PubMed

    Steventon, Adam; Roberts, Adam

    2015-12-01

    We estimated lifetime costs of publicly funded social care, covering services such as residential and nursing care homes, domiciliary care and meals. Like previous studies, we constructed microsimulation models. However, our transition probabilities were estimated from longitudinal, linked administrative health and social care datasets, rather than from survey data. Administrative data were obtained from three geographical areas of England, and we estimated transition probabilities in each of these sites flexibly using Bayesian methods. This allowed us to quantify regional variation as well as the impact of structural and parameter uncertainty regarding the transition probabilities. Expected lifetime costs at age 65 were £20,200-27,000 for men and £38,700-49,000 for women, depending on which of the three areas was used to calibrate the model. Thus, patterns of social care spending differed markedly between areas, with mean costs varying by almost £10,000 (25%) across the lifetime for people of the same age and gender. Allowing for structural and parameter uncertainty had little impact on expected lifetime costs, but slightly increased the risk of very high costs, which will have implications for insurance products for social care through increasing requirements for capital reserves. PMID:25385010

  11. Estimating Lifetime Costs of Social Care: A Bayesian Approach Using Linked Administrative Datasets from Three Geographical Areas.

    PubMed

    Steventon, Adam; Roberts, Adam

    2015-12-01

    We estimated lifetime costs of publicly funded social care, covering services such as residential and nursing care homes, domiciliary care and meals. Like previous studies, we constructed microsimulation models. However, our transition probabilities were estimated from longitudinal, linked administrative health and social care datasets, rather than from survey data. Administrative data were obtained from three geographical areas of England, and we estimated transition probabilities in each of these sites flexibly using Bayesian methods. This allowed us to quantify regional variation as well as the impact of structural and parameter uncertainty regarding the transition probabilities. Expected lifetime costs at age 65 were £20,200-27,000 for men and £38,700-49,000 for women, depending on which of the three areas was used to calibrate the model. Thus, patterns of social care spending differed markedly between areas, with mean costs varying by almost £10,000 (25%) across the lifetime for people of the same age and gender. Allowing for structural and parameter uncertainty had little impact on expected lifetime costs, but slightly increased the risk of very high costs, which will have implications for insurance products for social care through increasing requirements for capital reserves.

  12. Prevalence and cost of medication nonadherence in Parkinson's disease: evidence from administrative claims data.

    PubMed

    Davis, Keith L; Edin, Heather M; Allen, Jeffery K

    2010-03-15

    We estimated the prevalence of medication nonadherence in Parkinson's disease (PD) and the association between treatment nonadherence and healthcare costs. Insurance claims from over 30 US health plans were analyzed. Inclusion criteria were as follows: PD diagnosis, >or=1 PD-related prescription between 1/1/1997 and 12/31/2004, continuous health plan enrollment for >or=6 months before and >or=12 months after first PD prescription. Adherence, all-cause healthcare utilization, and all-cause costs were evaluated over 12 months post-treatment initiation. Adherence was measured using the medication possession ratio (MPR), with MPR < 0.8 defining nonadherence. Among patients identified for inclusion (N = 3,119), 58% were male and mean age was 69 years. Mean MPR was 0.58 and 61% of patients were nonadherent. Unadjusted mean medical costs were significantly higher (P < 0.01) among nonadherers ($15,826) compared with adherers ($9,228), although nonadherers had lower prescription drug costs ($2,684 vs. $3,854; P < 0.05). After controlling for confounders in multivariable analyses, a large positive relationship between nonadherence and both medical and total healthcare costs remained (+$3,451, P < 0.0001 and +$2,383, P = 0.0053, respectively). Medication adherence in PD is suboptimal and nonadherence may be associated with increased healthcare costs despite offsets from reduced drug intake. Efforts to promote medication adherence in PD may lead to cost savings for managed care systems. PMID:20131374

  13. A Robust and Cost-Effective Superhydrophobic Graphene Foam for Efficient Oil and Organic Solvent Recovery.

    PubMed

    Zhu, Haiguang; Chen, Dongyun; An, Wei; Li, Najun; Xu, Qingfeng; Li, Hua; He, Jinghui; Lu, Jianmei

    2015-10-21

    Water pollution caused by chemical reagent leaking, industrial wastewater discharging, and crude oil spills has raised global concerns on environmental sustainability, calling for high-performance absorbent materials for effective treatments. However, low-cost materials capable of effectively separating oils and organic solvents from water with a high adsorption capacity and good recyclability are rare on the market. Here, a cost-effective method is reported to fabricate high-performance graphene modified absorbents through the facile thermal reduction of graphene oxide on the skeletons of melamine foam. By integrating the high porosity, superior elasticity, and mechanical stability of raw sponge with the chemical stability and hydrophobicity of graphene sheets, the as-fabricated graphene foam not only possesses a rough and superhydrophobic surface, but also exhibits an excellent adsorption performance and extraordinary recyclability for various oils and organic solvents. It is worth mentioning that the superhydrophobic surface also endows the graphene foam with an excellent efficiency for oil/water separation. More importantly, the cost-effective fabrication method without involving expensive raw materials and sophisticated equipment permits a scale-up of the graphene foam for pollution disposal. All these features make the graphene foam an ideal candidate for removal and collection of oils and organic solvents from water. PMID:26265103

  14. A Robust and Cost-Effective Superhydrophobic Graphene Foam for Efficient Oil and Organic Solvent Recovery.

    PubMed

    Zhu, Haiguang; Chen, Dongyun; An, Wei; Li, Najun; Xu, Qingfeng; Li, Hua; He, Jinghui; Lu, Jianmei

    2015-10-21

    Water pollution caused by chemical reagent leaking, industrial wastewater discharging, and crude oil spills has raised global concerns on environmental sustainability, calling for high-performance absorbent materials for effective treatments. However, low-cost materials capable of effectively separating oils and organic solvents from water with a high adsorption capacity and good recyclability are rare on the market. Here, a cost-effective method is reported to fabricate high-performance graphene modified absorbents through the facile thermal reduction of graphene oxide on the skeletons of melamine foam. By integrating the high porosity, superior elasticity, and mechanical stability of raw sponge with the chemical stability and hydrophobicity of graphene sheets, the as-fabricated graphene foam not only possesses a rough and superhydrophobic surface, but also exhibits an excellent adsorption performance and extraordinary recyclability for various oils and organic solvents. It is worth mentioning that the superhydrophobic surface also endows the graphene foam with an excellent efficiency for oil/water separation. More importantly, the cost-effective fabrication method without involving expensive raw materials and sophisticated equipment permits a scale-up of the graphene foam for pollution disposal. All these features make the graphene foam an ideal candidate for removal and collection of oils and organic solvents from water.

  15. 45 CFR 2521.95 - To what extent may I use grant funds for administrative costs?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... meeting operational matching requirements under the Corporation's award; (2) Specify that a fixed rate of five percent or less (not subject to supporting cost documentation) of total Corporation funds...

  16. 13 CFR 120.883 - Eligible administrative costs for 504 loans.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...) CDC processing fee; (d) Borrower's out-of-pocket costs associated with 504 loan and Debenture closing...) CDC Closing Fee (see § 120.971(a)(2)) up to a maximum of $2,500; and (f) Underwriters' fee....

  17. 13 CFR 120.883 - Eligible administrative costs for 504 loans.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...) CDC processing fee; (d) Borrower's out-of-pocket costs associated with 504 loan and Debenture closing...) CDC Closing Fee (see § 120.971(a)(2)) up to a maximum of $2,500; and (f) Underwriters' fee....

  18. 13 CFR 120.883 - Eligible administrative costs for 504 loans.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...) CDC processing fee; (d) Borrower's out-of-pocket costs associated with 504 loan and Debenture closing...) CDC Closing Fee (see § 120.971(a)(2)) up to a maximum of $2,500; and (f) Underwriters' fee....

  19. 13 CFR 120.883 - Eligible administrative costs for 504 loans.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...) CDC processing fee; (d) Borrower's out-of-pocket costs associated with 504 loan and Debenture closing...) CDC Closing Fee (see § 120.971(a)(2)) up to a maximum of $2,500; and (f) Underwriters' fee....

  20. 13 CFR 120.883 - Eligible administrative costs for 504 loans.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...) CDC processing fee; (d) Borrower's out-of-pocket costs associated with 504 loan and Debenture closing...) CDC Closing Fee (see § 120.971(a)(2)) up to a maximum of $2,500; and (f) Underwriters' fee....

  1. Stability and recovery of DIFICID(®) (Fidaxomicin) 200-mg crushed tablet preparations from three delivery vehicles, and administration of an aqueous dispersion via nasogastric tube.

    PubMed

    Tousseeva, Anna; Jackson, J Derek; Redell, Mark; Henry, Teresa; Hui, Michael; Capurso, Shelley; DeRyke, C Andrew

    2014-12-01

    Fidaxomicin is approved for the treatment of adults with Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhea, many of whom have difficulty swallowing an intact tablet. The study objective was to evaluate the stability and recovery of crushed DIFICID(®) (fidaxomicin) 200-mg tablets dispersed in water, applesauce, or Ensure(®) brand liquid nutritional supplement, and to determine the recovery of fidaxomicin from the administration of an aqueous dispersion of a crushed DIFICID(®) tablet through a nasogastric (NG) tube. DIFICID(®) tablets were crushed and dispersed in water, applesauce, or Ensure(®). The stability and recovery of fidaxomicin were evaluated over 24 h in these vehicles. In a separate experiment, the ability to recover a full dose of fidaxomicin when administering as an aqueous dispersion through an NG tube was assessed. When DIFICID(®) tablets were crushed and dispersed in water, the active ingredient, fidaxomicin, was stable for up to 2 h at room temperature. Additionally, it was stable for up to 24 h in dispersions with applesauce or Ensure(®). Recovery of fidaxomicin after crushing and dispersing in any of the three vehicles studied ranged from 95 to 108 %, which is within the normal range of individual tablet variability. When crushed, dispersed in water, and administered through an NG tube, the average recovery of fidaxomicin was 96 %. Stability and recovery of fidaxomicin were confirmed when DIFICID(®) tablets were crushed and dispersed in water, applesauce, or Ensure(®). In addition, administration of an aqueous dispersion of a crushed tablet through an NG tube is supported by acceptable recovery of fidaxomicin.

  2. Stability and recovery of DIFICID(®) (Fidaxomicin) 200-mg crushed tablet preparations from three delivery vehicles, and administration of an aqueous dispersion via nasogastric tube.

    PubMed

    Tousseeva, Anna; Jackson, J Derek; Redell, Mark; Henry, Teresa; Hui, Michael; Capurso, Shelley; DeRyke, C Andrew

    2014-12-01

    Fidaxomicin is approved for the treatment of adults with Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhea, many of whom have difficulty swallowing an intact tablet. The study objective was to evaluate the stability and recovery of crushed DIFICID(®) (fidaxomicin) 200-mg tablets dispersed in water, applesauce, or Ensure(®) brand liquid nutritional supplement, and to determine the recovery of fidaxomicin from the administration of an aqueous dispersion of a crushed DIFICID(®) tablet through a nasogastric (NG) tube. DIFICID(®) tablets were crushed and dispersed in water, applesauce, or Ensure(®). The stability and recovery of fidaxomicin were evaluated over 24 h in these vehicles. In a separate experiment, the ability to recover a full dose of fidaxomicin when administering as an aqueous dispersion through an NG tube was assessed. When DIFICID(®) tablets were crushed and dispersed in water, the active ingredient, fidaxomicin, was stable for up to 2 h at room temperature. Additionally, it was stable for up to 24 h in dispersions with applesauce or Ensure(®). Recovery of fidaxomicin after crushing and dispersing in any of the three vehicles studied ranged from 95 to 108 %, which is within the normal range of individual tablet variability. When crushed, dispersed in water, and administered through an NG tube, the average recovery of fidaxomicin was 96 %. Stability and recovery of fidaxomicin were confirmed when DIFICID(®) tablets were crushed and dispersed in water, applesauce, or Ensure(®). In addition, administration of an aqueous dispersion of a crushed tablet through an NG tube is supported by acceptable recovery of fidaxomicin. PMID:25424419

  3. Recovery Act: Low-Cost, Highly Lambertian Reflector Composite For Improved LED Fixture Efficiency and Lifetime

    SciTech Connect

    Teather, Eric

    2013-02-15

    The overall objective of the program was to demonstrate a 98% or greater reflective, highly diffuse, low-cost composite material that significantly improves luminaire efficiency, is able to withstand 50,000 hours or greater luminaire operation under expected LED system thermal and environmental operating extremes and meets the cost targets required to be an effective commercial solution for the Solid State Lighting industry. This project met most of the goals defined and contributed to the understanding of high reflectance, white coatings. Research under this program increased the understanding of coatings development using particle size reduction techniques and preparation of coating solutions with a broad range of particle types. The research explored scale-up of coating systems and generated understanding of processing required for high volume manufacturing applications. The work demonstrated how coating formulation and application technique can translate to material durability and LED system lifetime. The research also demonstrated improvements in lighting efficiency to be gained using high reflectance white coatings.

  4. 26 CFR 301.7430-8 - Administrative costs incurred in damage actions for violations of section 362 or 524 of the...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 18 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Administrative costs incurred in damage actions for violations of section 362 or 524 of the Bankruptcy Code. 301.7430-8 Section 301.7430-8 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) PROCEDURE AND ADMINISTRATION PROCEDURE AND ADMINISTRATION...

  5. Effects of post-resuscitation administration with sodium hydrosulfide on cardiac recovery in hypoxia-reoxygenated newborn piglets.

    PubMed

    Cheung, Po-Yin; Miedzyblocki, Margaret; Lee, Tze-Fun; Bigam, David L

    2013-10-15

    Hydrogen sulfide may protect multiple organ systems against ischemic-reperfusion injuries. It is unknown if treatment with sodium hydrosulfide (NaHS, a hydrogen sulfide donor) will improve myocardial function and minimize oxidative stress in hypoxic-reoxygenated newborn piglets. Mixed breed piglets (1-5 day, 1.5-2.5 kg) were anesthetized and acutely instrumented for the measurement of systemic, pulmonary and regional (carotid, superior mesenteric and renal) hemodynamics and blood gas parameters. The piglets were induced with normocapnic alveolar hypoxia (10-15% oxygen, 2h) followed by reoxygenation with 100% (1h) then 21% oxygen (3h). At 10 min of reoxygenation, either NaHS (10mg/kg, 5 ml) or saline (5 ml) was administered intravenously for 30 min (5 min bolus followed by 25 min of continuous infusion) in a blinded, block-randomized fashion (n = 7/group). Plasma lactate and troponin I levels and tissue markers of myocardial oxidative stress were also determined. Two hours hypoxia caused cardiogenic shock (45 ± 3% of respective normoxic baseline), reduced regional perfusion with metabolic acidosis (pH 6.94 ± 0.02). NaHS infusion significantly improved recovery of cardiac index (84 ± 3% vs. 72 ± 5% in controls), systemic oxygen delivery (84 ± 3% vs. 72 ± 5% in controls) and systemic oxygen consumption (102 ± 5% vs. 84 ± 6% in controls) at 4h of reoxygenation. NaHS had no significant effect on systemic and pulmonary blood pressures, regional blood flows, plasma lactate and troponin I levels. The myocardial glutathionine ratio was reduced in piglets treated with NaHS (vs. controls, P<0.05). Post-resuscitation administration of NaHS improves cardiac function and systemic perfusion and attenuates myocardial oxidative stress in newborn piglets following hypoxia-reoxygenation.

  6. 24 CFR 1003.501 - Applicability of uniform administrative requirements and cost principles.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... ‘high-risk’ grantees”. (4) Section 85.20, “Standards for financial management systems,” except paragraph... 24 CFR part 44) and with the following sections of 24 CFR part 85 “Uniform Administrative... and suspended parties”. (13) Section 85.36, “Procurement,” except paragraphs (a) States,...

  7. 24 CFR 1003.501 - Applicability of uniform administrative requirements and cost principles.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... ‘high-risk’ grantees”. (4) Section 85.20, “Standards for financial management systems,” except paragraph... 24 CFR part 44) and with the following sections of 24 CFR part 85 “Uniform Administrative... and suspended parties”. (13) Section 85.36, “Procurement,” except paragraphs (a) States,...

  8. 34 CFR 461.40 - What are the State and local administrative costs requirements?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... (Continued) OFFICE OF VOCATIONAL AND ADULT EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION ADULT EDUCATION STATE...'s award from the SEA must be expended for adult education instructional activities. (2) The... 34 Education 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false What are the State and local administrative...

  9. 34 CFR 461.40 - What are the State and local administrative costs requirements?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... (Continued) OFFICE OF VOCATIONAL AND ADULT EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION ADULT EDUCATION STATE...'s award from the SEA must be expended for adult education instructional activities. (2) The... 34 Education 3 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false What are the State and local administrative...

  10. 34 CFR 461.40 - What are the State and local administrative costs requirements?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... (Continued) OFFICE OF VOCATIONAL AND ADULT EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION ADULT EDUCATION STATE...'s award from the SEA must be expended for adult education instructional activities. (2) The... 34 Education 3 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false What are the State and local administrative...

  11. 34 CFR 461.40 - What are the State and local administrative costs requirements?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... (Continued) OFFICE OF VOCATIONAL AND ADULT EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION ADULT EDUCATION STATE...'s award from the SEA must be expended for adult education instructional activities. (2) The... 34 Education 3 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false What are the State and local administrative...

  12. 34 CFR 461.40 - What are the State and local administrative costs requirements?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... (Continued) OFFICE OF VOCATIONAL AND ADULT EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION ADULT EDUCATION STATE...'s award from the SEA must be expended for adult education instructional activities. (2) The... 34 Education 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What are the State and local administrative...

  13. 24 CFR 1003.501 - Applicability of uniform administrative requirements and cost principles.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 24 CFR part 44) and with the following sections of 24 CFR part 85 “Uniform Administrative...) Section 85.33, “Supplies”. (11) Section 85.34, “Copyrights”. (12) Section 85.35, “Subawards to debarred... retention period referenced in § 85.42(b) pertaining to individual ICDBG activities starts from the date...

  14. 41 CFR 105-55.016 - Interest, penalties, and administrative costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... which the Consumer Price Index for the month of June of the calendar year preceding the adjustment exceeds the Consumer Price Index for the month of June of the calendar year in which the debt was determined or last adjusted. Increases to administrative debts will be computed annually. GSA will use...

  15. Modeling the economic costs of disasters and recovery: analysis using a dynamic computable general equilibrium model

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Xie, W.; Li, N.; Wu, J.-D.; Hao, X.-L.

    2014-04-01

    Disaster damages have negative effects on the economy, whereas reconstruction investment has positive effects. The aim of this study is to model economic causes of disasters and recovery involving the positive effects of reconstruction activities. Computable general equilibrium (CGE) model is a promising approach because it can incorporate these two kinds of shocks into a unified framework and furthermore avoid the double-counting problem. In order to factor both shocks into the CGE model, direct loss is set as the amount of capital stock reduced on the supply side of the economy; a portion of investments restores the capital stock in an existing period; an investment-driven dynamic model is formulated according to available reconstruction data, and the rest of a given country's saving is set as an endogenous variable to balance the fixed investment. The 2008 Wenchuan Earthquake is selected as a case study to illustrate the model, and three scenarios are constructed: S0 (no disaster occurs), S1 (disaster occurs with reconstruction investment) and S2 (disaster occurs without reconstruction investment). S0 is taken as business as usual, and the differences between S1 and S0 and that between S2 and S0 can be interpreted as economic losses including reconstruction and excluding reconstruction, respectively. The study showed that output from S1 is found to be closer to real data than that from S2. Economic loss under S2 is roughly 1.5 times that under S1. The gap in the economic aggregate between S1 and S0 is reduced to 3% at the end of government-led reconstruction activity, a level that should take another four years to achieve under S2.

  16. 76 FR 14659 - Proposed CERCLA AdministrativeCost Recovery” Settlement; The Goldfield Corporation

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-17

    ... of past and projected future response costs concerning the Newton County Mine Tailings Superfund Site in Newton County, Missouri with the following settling party: The Goldfield Corporation. The... Street, Kansas City, KS 66101, 913-551-7567. Comments should reference the Newton County Mine...

  17. Low Cost Advanced Thermoelectric (TE) Technology for Automotive Waste Heat Recovery

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Meisner, G. P.

    2014-03-01

    Low cost, fully integrated TE generators (TEGs) to recover waste heat from vehicle exhaust will reduce transportation sector energy consumption and emissions. TEGs will be the first application of high-temperature TE materials for high-volume use and establish new industrial sectors with scaled up production capability of TEG materials and components. We will create a potential supply chain for practical automotive TEGs and identify manufacturing and assembly processes for large scale production of TEG materials and components. Our work focusses on several innovative R&D paths: (1) enhanced TE material performance by doping and compositional tuning, (2) optimized TE material fabrication and processing to reduce thermal conductivity and improve fracture strength, (3) high volume production for successful skutterudite commercialization, (4) new material, nanostructure, and nanoscale approaches to reduce thermal interface and electrical contact resistances, (5) innovative heat exchangers for high efficiency heat flows and optimum temperature profiles despite highly variable exhaust gas operating conditions, (6) new modeling and simulation tools, and (7) inexpensive materials for thermal insulation and coatings for TE encapsulation. Recent results will be presented. Supported by the U.S. DOE Vehicle Technology Program.

  18. Advanced Membrane Filtration Technology for Cost Effective Recovery of Fresh Water from Oil & Gas Produced Brine

    SciTech Connect

    David B. Burnett

    2004-09-29

    Produced water is a major waste generated at the oil and natural gas wells in the state of Texas. This water could be a possible source of new fresh water to meet the growing demands of the state after treatment and purification. Treatment of brine generated in oil fields or produced water with an ultrafiltration membranes were the subject of this thesis. The characterization of ultrafiltration membranes for oil and suspended solids removal of produced water, coupled with the reverse osmosis (RO) desalination of brine were studied on lab size membrane testing equipment and a field size testing unit to test whether a viable membrane system could be used to treat produced water. Oil and suspended solids were evaluated using turbidity and oil in water measurements taken periodically. The research considered the effect of pressure and flow rate on membrane performance of produced water treatment of three commercially available membranes for oily water. The study also analyzed the flux through the membrane and any effect it had on membrane performance. The research showed that an ultrafiltration membrane provided turbidity removal of over 99% and oil removal of 78% for the produced water samples. The results indicated that the ultrafiltration membranes would be asset as one of the first steps in purifying the water. Further results on selected RO membranes showed that salt rejection of greater than 97% could be achieved with satisfactory flux and at reasonable operating cost.

  19. Interleukin-1 administration before lethal irradiation and allogeneic bone marrow transplantation: early transient increase of peripheral granulocytes and successful engraftment with accelerated leukocyte, erythrocyte, and platelet recovery.

    PubMed

    Tiberghien, P; Laithier, V; Mabed, M; Racadot, E; Reynolds, C W; Angonin, R; Loumi, R; Pavy, J J; Cahn, J Y; Noir, A

    1993-04-01

    Administration of interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta) before a lethal irradiation with or without allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (BMT) protects greater than 90% of the irradiated mice. To approach the mechanisms responsible for the radioprotective effect of IL-1, we examined the effects of IL-1 pretreatment on engraftment and kinetics of peripheral blood, spleen, and marrow cell reconstitution after irradiation and BMT. Although the BMT was not necessary for the survival of the IL-1-pretreated lethally irradiated mice, allogeneic marrow did engraft in these mice as evaluated in the spleen and marrow 2 months after BMT. IL-1 pretreatment significantly accelerated hematopoietic recovery versus transplanted saline-treated controls with a pronounced enhancement of peripheral leukocyte, platelet, and erythrocyte recovery. Leukocyte recovery in IL-1-pretreated mice was unique in that IL-1 first induced an early transient (maximum at day 7) increase of peripheral granulocytes before accelerating leukocyte recovery after day 11. IL-1 pretreatment also significantly enhanced marrow cell recovery after allogeneic BMT with an eightfold increase in marrow cellularity from day 4 to 11 versus control transplanted mice. When lethal irradiation was not followed by allogeneic BMT. IL-1 pretreatment also affected the peripheral reconstitution of leukocytes, platelets, and erythrocytes. Interestingly, in the absence of BMT, IL-1 also induced an early circulation of peripheral granulocytes. Overall, our data demonstrate that a single administration of IL-1 before lethal irradiation and allogeneic BMT can induce an early transient increase of circulating granulocytes, followed by an accelerated multilineage recovery and long-term allogeneic engraftment. PMID:8461477

  20. Greenhouse Gas Concentration Data Recovery Algorithm for a Low Cost, Laser Heterodyne Radiometer

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Miller, J. Houston; Melroy, Hilary R.; Ott, Lesley E.; Mclinden, Matthew L.; Holben, Brent; Wilson, Emily L.

    2012-01-01

    The goal of a coordinated effort between groups at GWU and NASA GSFC is the development of a low-cost, global, surface instrument network that continuously monitors three key carbon cycle gases in the atmospheric column: carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), carbon monoxide (CO), as well as oxygen (O2) for atmospheric pressure profiles. The network will implement a low-cost, miniaturized, laser heterodyne radiometer (mini-LHR) that has recently been developed at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center. This mini-LHR is designed to operate in tandem with the passive aerosol sensor currently used in AERONET (a well established network of more than 450 ground aerosol monitoring instruments worldwide), and could be rapidly deployed into this established global network. Laser heterodyne radiometry is a well-established technique for detecting weak signals that was adapted from radio receiver technology. Here, a weak light signal, that has undergone absorption by atmospheric components, is mixed with light from a distributed feedback (DFB) telecommunications laser on a single-mode optical fiber. The RF component of the signal is detected on a fast photoreceiver. Scanning the laser through an absorption feature in the infrared, results in a scanned heterodyne signal io the RF. Deconvolution of this signal through the retrieval algorithm allows for the extraction of altitude contributions to the column signal. The retrieval algorithm is based on a spectral simulation program, SpecSyn, developed at GWU for high-resolution infrared spectroscopies. Variations io pressure, temperature, composition, and refractive index through the atmosphere; that are all functions of latitude, longitude, time of day, altitude, etc.; are modeled using algorithms developed in the MODTRAN program developed in part by the US Air Force Research Laboratory. In these calculations the atmosphere is modeled as a series of spherically symmetric shells with boundaries specified at defined altitudes. Temperature