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Sample records for administrative offset offset

  1. 5 CFR 179.307 - Administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... administrative offset regulations, and the applicable provisions of 4 CFR part 102 with respect to providing the debtor with due process. (c) Request for offset from a Federal agency: When administrative offset is... administrative offset regulations and with the applicable provisions of 4 CFR part 102, including providing...

  2. 45 CFR 1177.8 - Administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... HUMANITIES NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR THE HUMANITIES CLAIMS COLLECTION § 1177.8 Administrative offset. (a) The... administrative offset, the National Endowment for the Humanities will send the debtor written notice of the... interest. (d) The National Endowment for the Humanities may effect an administrative offset against...

  3. 45 CFR 1177.8 - Administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... HUMANITIES NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR THE HUMANITIES CLAIMS COLLECTION § 1177.8 Administrative offset. (a) The... administrative offset, the National Endowment for the Humanities will send the debtor written notice of the... interest. (d) The National Endowment for the Humanities may effect an administrative offset against...

  4. 45 CFR 1177.8 - Administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... HUMANITIES NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR THE HUMANITIES CLAIMS COLLECTION § 1177.8 Administrative offset. (a) The... administrative offset, the National Endowment for the Humanities will send the debtor written notice of the... interest. (d) The National Endowment for the Humanities may effect an administrative offset against...

  5. 45 CFR 1177.8 - Administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... HUMANITIES NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR THE HUMANITIES CLAIMS COLLECTION § 1177.8 Administrative offset. (a) The... administrative offset, the National Endowment for the Humanities will send the debtor written notice of the... interest. (d) The National Endowment for the Humanities may effect an administrative offset against...

  6. 45 CFR 1177.8 - Administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... HUMANITIES NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR THE HUMANITIES CLAIMS COLLECTION § 1177.8 Administrative offset. (a) The... administrative offset, the National Endowment for the Humanities will send the debtor written notice of the... interest. (d) The National Endowment for the Humanities may effect an administrative offset against...

  7. 5 CFR 179.307 - Administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 179.307 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS CLAIMS... administrative offset regulations, and the applicable provisions of 4 CFR part 102 with respect to providing the... administrative offset regulations and with the applicable provisions of 4 CFR part 102, including providing...

  8. 5 CFR 1215.28 - Administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 1215.28 Administrative Personnel MERIT SYSTEMS PROTECTION BOARD ORGANIZATION AND PROCEDURES DEBT MANAGEMENT Claims Collection § 1215.28 Administrative offset. (a) The MSPB may collect debts owed by administrative offset if: (1) The debt is certain in amount; (2) Efforts to obtain direct payment have been,...

  9. 7 CFR 1951.102 - Administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... administrative offset will be taken in accordance with 7 CFR part 3, subpart B and § 1951.106. (b) Definitions... under the purview of 7 CFR part 11. (12) Offsetting agency means an agency that withholds from its... CFR 3.29. FSA District Directors or other State Executive Director designees are designated to...

  10. 45 CFR 608.3 - Administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 4 CFR 102.3(a). Before employing administrative offset, NSF will comply with the notice, hearing, review, or other procedural requirements of 31 U.S.C. 3716(a) and 4 CFR 102.3(b) and (c). Furthermore... certification required by 4 CFR 102.3(f) and offset would not be contrary to law. Before imposing...

  11. 45 CFR 608.3 - Administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 4 CFR 102.3(a). Before employing administrative offset, NSF will comply with the notice, hearing, review, or other procedural requirements of 31 U.S.C. 3716(a) and 4 CFR 102.3(b) and (c). Furthermore... certification required by 4 CFR 102.3(f) and offset would not be contrary to law. Before imposing...

  12. 45 CFR 608.3 - Administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 4 CFR 102.3(a). Before employing administrative offset, NSF will comply with the notice, hearing, review, or other procedural requirements of 31 U.S.C. 3716(a) and 4 CFR 102.3(b) and (c). Furthermore... certification required by 4 CFR 102.3(f) and offset would not be contrary to law. Before imposing...

  13. 45 CFR 608.3 - Administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 4 CFR 102.3(a). Before employing administrative offset, NSF will comply with the notice, hearing, review, or other procedural requirements of 31 U.S.C. 3716(a) and 4 CFR 102.3(b) and (c). Furthermore... certification required by 4 CFR 102.3(f) and offset would not be contrary to law. Before imposing...

  14. 45 CFR 608.3 - Administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 4 CFR 102.3(a). Before employing administrative offset, NSF will comply with the notice, hearing, review, or other procedural requirements of 31 U.S.C. 3716(a) and 4 CFR 102.3(b) and (c). Furthermore... certification required by 4 CFR 102.3(f) and offset would not be contrary to law. Before imposing...

  15. 45 CFR 30.12 - Administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ....S.C. 3716(c), and implementing regulation at 31 CFR 285.4; (iii) Debts arising under, or payments... such offsets under 5 U.S.C. 5514 and 31 U.S.C. 3716 (see 5 CFR part 550, subpart K; 31 CFR 285.7; and... centralized administrative offset pursuant to and in accordance with 31 CFR 901.3(b). Debts which are...

  16. 45 CFR 30.12 - Administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ....S.C. 3716(c), and implementing regulation at 31 CFR 285.4; (iii) Debts arising under, or payments... such offsets under 5 U.S.C. 5514 and 31 U.S.C. 3716 (see 5 CFR part 550, subpart K; 31 CFR 285.7; and... centralized administrative offset pursuant to and in accordance with 31 CFR 901.3(b). Debts which are...

  17. 45 CFR 30.12 - Administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ....S.C. 3716(c), and implementing regulation at 31 CFR 285.4; (iii) Debts arising under, or payments... such offsets under 5 U.S.C. 5514 and 31 U.S.C. 3716 (see 5 CFR part 550, subpart K; 31 CFR 285.7; and... centralized administrative offset pursuant to and in accordance with 31 CFR 901.3(b). Debts which are...

  18. 46 CFR 505.7 - Administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... Administrative offset. (a) If the debtor does not exercise the right to request a review within the time... the applicable provisions of 4 CFR part 102 with respect to providing the debtor with due process. (c... basis of the debt; (iii) That the agency has prescribed regulations for the exercise of...

  19. 46 CFR 505.7 - Administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... the applicable provisions of 4 CFR part 102 with respect to providing the debtor with due process. (c... applicable provisions of 4 CFR part 102, including providing any required hearing or review. (2) A... 46 Shipping 9 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Administrative offset. 505.7 Section 505.7...

  20. 6 CFR 11.4 - Collection by administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    .... (h) Payment agency's responsibilities. (1) As required by 5 CFR 550.1109, if the employee separates... administrative offset pursuant to 31 CFR parts 900-904. (b) Centralized Offset through the Treasury Offset Program. DHS adopts the provisions of 31 CFR 901.3. (c) Non-centralized Offset for DHS Debts....

  1. 7 CFR 3.43 - Non-centralized administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Non-centralized administrative offset. 3.43 Section 3.43 Agriculture Office of the Secretary of Agriculture DEBT MANAGEMENT Administrative Offset § 3.43 Non-centralized administrative offset. (a) Scope. In cooperation with the Federal agency certifying...

  2. 29 CFR 1450.10 - Collection by administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 4 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Collection by administrative offset. 1450.10 Section 1450... Collection § 1450.10 Collection by administrative offset. (a) Collection by administrative offset will be... every instance in which such collection is determined to be feasible and not otherwise prohibited....

  3. 29 CFR 1450.10 - Collection by administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 4 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Collection by administrative offset. 1450.10 Section 1450... Collection § 1450.10 Collection by administrative offset. (a) Collection by administrative offset will be... every instance in which such collection is determined to be feasible and not otherwise prohibited....

  4. 29 CFR 1450.10 - Collection by administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 4 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Collection by administrative offset. 1450.10 Section 1450... Collection § 1450.10 Collection by administrative offset. (a) Collection by administrative offset will be... every instance in which such collection is determined to be feasible and not otherwise prohibited....

  5. 29 CFR 1450.10 - Collection by administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Collection by administrative offset. 1450.10 Section 1450... Collection § 1450.10 Collection by administrative offset. (a) Collection by administrative offset will be... every instance in which such collection is determined to be feasible and not otherwise prohibited....

  6. 29 CFR 1450.10 - Collection by administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 4 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Collection by administrative offset. 1450.10 Section 1450... Collection § 1450.10 Collection by administrative offset. (a) Collection by administrative offset will be... every instance in which such collection is determined to be feasible and not otherwise prohibited....

  7. 5 CFR 185.144 - Right to administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Right to administrative offset. 185.144 Section 185.144 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES § 185.144 Right to administrative offset. The amount of any penalty or...

  8. 7 CFR 1.343 - Right to administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Right to administrative offset. 1.343 Section 1.343 Agriculture Office of the Secretary of Agriculture ADMINISTRATIVE REGULATIONS Procedures Related to Administrative Hearings Under the Program Fraud Civil Remedies Act of 1986 § 1.343 Right to administrative offset. The amount of any penalty...

  9. 5 CFR 185.144 - Right to administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Right to administrative offset. 185.144 Section 185.144 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES § 185.144 Right to administrative offset. The amount of any penalty or assessment which has become final, or for which...

  10. 5 CFR 185.144 - Right to administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Right to administrative offset. 185.144 Section 185.144 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES § 185.144 Right to administrative offset. The amount of any penalty or...

  11. 7 CFR 1.343 - Right to administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Right to administrative offset. 1.343 Section 1.343 Agriculture Office of the Secretary of Agriculture ADMINISTRATIVE REGULATIONS Procedures Related to Administrative Hearings Under the Program Fraud Civil Remedies Act of 1986 § 1.343 Right to administrative offset. The amount of any penalty...

  12. 5 CFR 185.144 - Right to administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Right to administrative offset. 185.144 Section 185.144 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES § 185.144 Right to administrative offset. The amount of any penalty or assessment which has become final, or for which...

  13. 5 CFR 185.144 - Right to administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Right to administrative offset. 185.144 Section 185.144 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES § 185.144 Right to administrative offset. The amount of any penalty or...

  14. 14 CFR 1264.143 - Right to administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2011-01-01 2010-01-01 true Right to administrative offset. 1264.143 Section 1264.143 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION IMPLEMENTATION OF THE PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL PENALTIES ACT OF 1986 § 1264.143 Right to administrative offset. The amount of any penalty or assessment which has...

  15. 14 CFR 1264.143 - Right to administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Right to administrative offset. 1264.143 Section 1264.143 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION IMPLEMENTATION OF THE PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL PENALTIES ACT OF 1986 § 1264.143 Right to administrative offset. The amount of...

  16. 14 CFR 1264.143 - Right to administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Right to administrative offset. 1264.143 Section 1264.143 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION IMPLEMENTATION OF THE PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL PENALTIES ACT OF 1986 § 1264.143 Right to administrative offset. The amount of...

  17. 14 CFR 1264.143 - Right to administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Right to administrative offset. 1264.143 Section 1264.143 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION IMPLEMENTATION OF THE PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL PENALTIES ACT OF 1986 § 1264.143 Right to administrative offset. The amount of...

  18. 45 CFR 79.44 - Right to administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Right to administrative offset. 79.44 Section 79.44 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES § 79.44 Right to administrative offset. The amount of any penalty or assessment which has become final, or for which a judgment has...

  19. 45 CFR 79.44 - Right to administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Right to administrative offset. 79.44 Section 79.44 Public Welfare Department of Health and Human Services GENERAL ADMINISTRATION PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES § 79.44 Right to administrative offset. The amount of any penalty or assessment which has become final, or for which a judgment has...

  20. 45 CFR 79.44 - Right to administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Right to administrative offset. 79.44 Section 79.44 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES § 79.44 Right to administrative offset. The amount of any penalty or assessment which has become final, or for which a judgment has...

  1. 45 CFR 79.44 - Right to administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Right to administrative offset. 79.44 Section 79.44 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES § 79.44 Right to administrative offset. The amount of any penalty or assessment which has become final, or for which a judgment has...

  2. 45 CFR 79.44 - Right to administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Right to administrative offset. 79.44 Section 79.44 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES § 79.44 Right to administrative offset. The amount of any penalty or assessment which has...

  3. 10 CFR 1013.44 - Right to administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Right to administrative offset. 1013.44 Section 1013.44 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (GENERAL PROVISIONS) PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES AND PROCEDURES § 1013.44 Right to administrative offset. The amount of any penalty or assessment which has become final, or...

  4. 15 CFR 25.44 - Right to administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Right to administrative offset. 25.44 Section 25.44 Commerce and Foreign Trade Office of the Secretary of Commerce PROGRAM Fraud Civil Remedies § 25.44 Right to administrative offset. The amount of any penalty or assessment which has become...

  5. 29 CFR 22.44 - Right to administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Right to administrative offset. 22.44 Section 22.44 Labor Office of the Secretary of Labor PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES ACT OF 1986 § 22.44 Right to administrative offset. The amount of any penalty or assessment which has become final, or for which a judgment has...

  6. 6 CFR 13.44 - Right to administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 6 Domestic Security 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Right to administrative offset. 13.44 Section 13.44 Domestic Security DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY, OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES § 13.44 Right to administrative offset. The amount of any penalty or assessment that has become final, or for which a judgment has...

  7. 10 CFR 1013.44 - Right to administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Right to administrative offset. 1013.44 Section 1013.44 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (GENERAL PROVISIONS) PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES AND PROCEDURES § 1013.44 Right to administrative offset. The amount of any penalty or assessment which has become final, or for which a judgment has been entered under §...

  8. 49 CFR 31.44 - Right to administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Right to administrative offset. 31.44 Section 31.44 Transportation Office of the Secretary of Transportation PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES § 31.44 Right to administrative offset. The amount of any penalty or assessment which has become final, or...

  9. 31 CFR 16.44 - Right to administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Right to administrative offset. 16.44 Section 16.44 Money and Finance: Treasury Office of the Secretary of the Treasury REGULATIONS IMPLEMENTING THE PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES ACT OF 1986 § 16.44 Right to administrative offset. The amount of...

  10. 22 CFR 521.44 - Right to administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Right to administrative offset. 521.44 Section 521.44 Foreign Relations BROADCASTING BOARD OF GOVERNORS IMPLEMENTATION OF THE PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES ACT § 521.44 Right to administrative offset. The amount of any penalty or assessment which...

  11. 34 CFR 33.44 - Right to administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Right to administrative offset. 33.44 Section 33.44 Education Office of the Secretary, Department of Education PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES ACT § 33.44 Right to administrative offset. The amount of any penalty or assessment that has become final, or for which a judgment...

  12. 22 CFR 521.44 - Right to administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2011-04-01 2009-04-01 true Right to administrative offset. 521.44 Section 521.44 Foreign Relations BROADCASTING BOARD OF GOVERNORS IMPLEMENTATION OF THE PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES ACT § 521.44 Right to administrative offset. The amount of any penalty or assessment which...

  13. 31 CFR 16.44 - Right to administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Right to administrative offset. 16.44 Section 16.44 Money and Finance: Treasury Office of the Secretary of the Treasury REGULATIONS IMPLEMENTING THE PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES ACT OF 1986 § 16.44 Right to administrative offset. The amount of...

  14. 34 CFR 33.44 - Right to administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 34 Education 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Right to administrative offset. 33.44 Section 33.44 Education Office of the Secretary, Department of Education PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES ACT § 33.44 Right to administrative offset. The amount of any penalty or assessment that has become final, or for which a judgment...

  15. 10 CFR 13.44 - Right to administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Right to administrative offset. 13.44 Section 13.44 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES § 13.44 Right to administrative offset. The amount of any penalty or assessment which has become final, or for which a judgment has been...

  16. 40 CFR 27.44 - Right to administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Right to administrative offset. 27.44 Section 27.44 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GENERAL PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES § 27.44 Right to administrative offset. The amount of any penalty or assessment which has...

  17. 22 CFR 35.44 - Right to administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Right to administrative offset. 35.44 Section 35.44 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE CLAIMS AND STOLEN PROPERTY PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES § 35.44 Right to administrative offset. The amount of any penalty or assessment which has become...

  18. 10 CFR 13.44 - Right to administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Right to administrative offset. 13.44 Section 13.44 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES § 13.44 Right to administrative offset. The amount of any penalty or assessment which has become final, or for which a judgment has been...

  19. 40 CFR 27.44 - Right to administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Right to administrative offset. 27.44 Section 27.44 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GENERAL PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES § 27.44 Right to administrative offset. The amount of any penalty or assessment which has...

  20. 15 CFR 25.44 - Right to administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Right to administrative offset. 25.44 Section 25.44 Commerce and Foreign Trade Office of the Secretary of Commerce PROGRAM Fraud Civil Remedies § 25.44 Right to administrative offset. The amount of any penalty or assessment which has become...

  1. 22 CFR 224.44 - Right to administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Right to administrative offset. 224.44 Section 224.44 Foreign Relations AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT IMPLEMENTATION OF THE PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES ACT § 224.44 Right to administrative offset. The amount of any penalty or...

  2. 6 CFR 13.44 - Right to administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 6 Domestic Security 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Right to administrative offset. 13.44 Section 13.44 Domestic Security DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY, OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES § 13.44 Right to administrative offset. The amount of any penalty or assessment that has...

  3. 22 CFR 224.44 - Right to administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Right to administrative offset. 224.44 Section 224.44 Foreign Relations AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT IMPLEMENTATION OF THE PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES ACT § 224.44 Right to administrative offset. The amount of any penalty or...

  4. 22 CFR 35.44 - Right to administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Right to administrative offset. 35.44 Section 35.44 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE CLAIMS AND STOLEN PROPERTY PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES § 35.44 Right to administrative offset. The amount of any penalty or assessment which has become...

  5. 10 CFR 1013.44 - Right to administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Right to administrative offset. 1013.44 Section 1013.44 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (GENERAL PROVISIONS) PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES AND PROCEDURES § 1013.44 Right to administrative offset. The amount of any penalty or assessment which has become final, or for which a judgment has been entered under §...

  6. 29 CFR 22.44 - Right to administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Right to administrative offset. 22.44 Section 22.44 Labor Office of the Secretary of Labor PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES ACT OF 1986 § 22.44 Right to administrative offset. The amount of any penalty or assessment which has become final, or for which a judgment has...

  7. 22 CFR 224.44 - Right to administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Right to administrative offset. 224.44 Section 224.44 Foreign Relations AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT IMPLEMENTATION OF THE PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES ACT § 224.44 Right to administrative offset. The amount of any penalty or...

  8. 49 CFR 31.44 - Right to administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Right to administrative offset. 31.44 Section 31.44 Transportation Office of the Secretary of Transportation PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES § 31.44 Right to administrative offset. The amount of any penalty or assessment which has become final, or...

  9. 22 CFR 224.44 - Right to administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Right to administrative offset. 224.44 Section 224.44 Foreign Relations AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT IMPLEMENTATION OF THE PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES ACT § 224.44 Right to administrative offset. The amount of any penalty or assessment which has become final, or for which a judgment...

  10. 6 CFR 13.44 - Right to administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 6 Domestic Security 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Right to administrative offset. 13.44 Section 13.44 Domestic Security DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY, OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES § 13.44 Right to administrative offset. The amount of any penalty or assessment that has...

  11. 22 CFR 35.44 - Right to administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Right to administrative offset. 35.44 Section 35.44 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE CLAIMS AND STOLEN PROPERTY PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES § 35.44 Right to administrative offset. The amount of any penalty or assessment which has become final, or for which a judgment has been entered...

  12. 40 CFR 27.44 - Right to administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Right to administrative offset. 27.44 Section 27.44 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GENERAL PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES § 27.44 Right to administrative offset. The amount of any penalty or assessment which has become final, or for which a judgment has...

  13. 10 CFR 1013.44 - Right to administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Right to administrative offset. 1013.44 Section 1013.44 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (GENERAL PROVISIONS) PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES AND PROCEDURES § 1013.44 Right to administrative offset. The amount of any penalty or assessment which has become final, or...

  14. 22 CFR 35.44 - Right to administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Right to administrative offset. 35.44 Section 35.44 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE CLAIMS AND STOLEN PROPERTY PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES § 35.44 Right to administrative offset. The amount of any penalty or assessment which has become final, or for which a judgment has been entered...

  15. 22 CFR 521.44 - Right to administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2012-04-01 2009-04-01 true Right to administrative offset. 521.44 Section 521.44 Foreign Relations BROADCASTING BOARD OF GOVERNORS IMPLEMENTATION OF THE PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES ACT § 521.44 Right to administrative offset. The amount of any penalty or assessment which...

  16. 49 CFR 31.44 - Right to administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Right to administrative offset. 31.44 Section 31.44 Transportation Office of the Secretary of Transportation PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES § 31.44 Right to administrative offset. The amount of any penalty or assessment which has become final, or...

  17. 22 CFR 224.44 - Right to administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Right to administrative offset. 224.44 Section 224.44 Foreign Relations AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT IMPLEMENTATION OF THE PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES ACT § 224.44 Right to administrative offset. The amount of any penalty or assessment which has become final, or for which a judgment...

  18. 31 CFR 16.44 - Right to administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Right to administrative offset. 16.44 Section 16.44 Money and Finance: Treasury Office of the Secretary of the Treasury REGULATIONS IMPLEMENTING THE PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES ACT OF 1986 § 16.44 Right to administrative offset. The amount of...

  19. 22 CFR 521.44 - Right to administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2013-04-01 2009-04-01 true Right to administrative offset. 521.44 Section 521.44 Foreign Relations BROADCASTING BOARD OF GOVERNORS IMPLEMENTATION OF THE PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES ACT § 521.44 Right to administrative offset. The amount of any penalty or assessment which...

  20. 40 CFR 27.44 - Right to administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Right to administrative offset. 27.44 Section 27.44 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GENERAL PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES § 27.44 Right to administrative offset. The amount of any penalty or assessment which has become final, or for which a judgment has...

  1. 6 CFR 13.44 - Right to administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 6 Domestic Security 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Right to administrative offset. 13.44 Section 13.44 Domestic Security DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY, OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES § 13.44 Right to administrative offset. The amount of any penalty or assessment that has...

  2. 31 CFR 16.44 - Right to administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Right to administrative offset. 16.44 Section 16.44 Money and Finance: Treasury Office of the Secretary of the Treasury REGULATIONS IMPLEMENTING THE PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES ACT OF 1986 § 16.44 Right to administrative offset. The amount of...

  3. 22 CFR 35.44 - Right to administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Right to administrative offset. 35.44 Section 35.44 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE CLAIMS AND STOLEN PROPERTY PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES § 35.44 Right to administrative offset. The amount of any penalty or assessment which has become...

  4. 31 CFR 16.44 - Right to administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Right to administrative offset. 16.44 Section 16.44 Money and Finance: Treasury Office of the Secretary of the Treasury REGULATIONS IMPLEMENTING THE PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES ACT OF 1986 § 16.44 Right to administrative offset. The amount of any penalty or assessment which has...

  5. 22 CFR 521.44 - Right to administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Right to administrative offset. 521.44 Section 521.44 Foreign Relations BROADCASTING BOARD OF GOVERNORS IMPLEMENTATION OF THE PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES ACT § 521.44 Right to administrative offset. The amount of any penalty or assessment which...

  6. 29 CFR 22.44 - Right to administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Right to administrative offset. 22.44 Section 22.44 Labor Office of the Secretary of Labor PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES ACT OF 1986 § 22.44 Right to administrative offset. The amount of any penalty or assessment which has become final, or for which a judgment has...

  7. 38 CFR 42.44 - Right to administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Right to administrative offset. 42.44 Section 42.44 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS (CONTINUED) STANDARDS IMPLEMENTING THE PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES ACT § 42.44 Right to administrative offset. The amount of any penalty or...

  8. 10 CFR 1013.44 - Right to administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Right to administrative offset. 1013.44 Section 1013.44 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (GENERAL PROVISIONS) PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES AND PROCEDURES § 1013.44 Right to administrative offset. The amount of any penalty or assessment which has become final, or...

  9. 40 CFR 27.44 - Right to administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Right to administrative offset. 27.44 Section 27.44 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GENERAL PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES § 27.44 Right to administrative offset. The amount of any penalty or assessment which has...

  10. 10 CFR 13.44 - Right to administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Right to administrative offset. 13.44 Section 13.44 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES § 13.44 Right to administrative offset. The amount of any penalty or assessment which has become final, or for which a judgment has been...

  11. 10 CFR 13.44 - Right to administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Right to administrative offset. 13.44 Section 13.44 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES § 13.44 Right to administrative offset. The amount of any penalty or assessment which has become final, or for which a judgment has been...

  12. 34 CFR 33.44 - Right to administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 34 Education 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Right to administrative offset. 33.44 Section 33.44 Education Office of the Secretary, Department of Education PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES ACT § 33.44 Right to administrative offset. The amount of any penalty or assessment that has become final, or for which a judgment...

  13. 49 CFR 31.44 - Right to administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Right to administrative offset. 31.44 Section 31.44 Transportation Office of the Secretary of Transportation PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES § 31.44 Right to administrative offset. The amount of any penalty or assessment which has become final, or...

  14. 6 CFR 13.44 - Right to administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 6 Domestic Security 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Right to administrative offset. 13.44 Section 13.44 Domestic Security DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY, OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES § 13.44 Right to administrative offset. The amount of any penalty or assessment that has become final, or for which a judgment has...

  15. 7 CFR 1403.7 - Collection by administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Collection by administrative offset. 1403.7 Section 1403.7 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) COMMODITY CREDIT... PROCEDURES § 1403.7 Collection by administrative offset. (a) The provisions of this section shall apply...

  16. 7 CFR 1403.7 - Collection by administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Collection by administrative offset. 1403.7 Section 1403.7 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) COMMODITY CREDIT... PROCEDURES § 1403.7 Collection by administrative offset. (a) The provisions of this section shall apply...

  17. 7 CFR 1403.7 - Collection by administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Collection by administrative offset. 1403.7 Section 1403.7 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) COMMODITY CREDIT... PROCEDURES § 1403.7 Collection by administrative offset. (a) The provisions of this section shall apply...

  18. 7 CFR 1403.7 - Collection by administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Collection by administrative offset. 1403.7 Section 1403.7 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) COMMODITY CREDIT... PROCEDURES § 1403.7 Collection by administrative offset. (a) The provisions of this section shall apply...

  19. 7 CFR 1403.7 - Collection by administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Collection by administrative offset. 1403.7 Section 1403.7 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) COMMODITY CREDIT... PROCEDURES § 1403.7 Collection by administrative offset. (a) The provisions of this section shall apply...

  20. 10 CFR 1015.203 - Collection by administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...). Administrative offset is one type of collection tool used by Treasury to collect debts referred under 31 CFR 285.... seq.) except as provided for in 31 U.S.C. 3716(c) (see 31 CFR 285.4, Federal Benefit Offset); (iii) Debts arising under, or payments made under, the Internal Revenue Code (see 31 CFR 285.2, Tax...

  1. 14 CFR § 1264.143 - Right to administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Right to administrative offset. § 1264.143 Section § 1264.143 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION IMPLEMENTATION OF THE PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL PENALTIES ACT OF 1986 § 1264.143 Right to administrative offset. The amount of any penalty or assessment which...

  2. 49 CFR 31.44 - Right to administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Right to administrative offset. 31.44 Section 31.44 Transportation Office of the Secretary of Transportation PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES § 31.44 Right to administrative offset. The amount of any penalty or assessment which has become final, or for which a judgment has been entered under § 31.42...

  3. 29 CFR 22.44 - Right to administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Right to administrative offset. 22.44 Section 22.44 Labor Office of the Secretary of Labor PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES ACT OF 1986 § 22.44 Right to administrative offset. The amount of any penalty or assessment which has become final, or for which a judgment has been entered under § 22.42 or § 22.43, or...

  4. 15 CFR 25.44 - Right to administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Right to administrative offset. 25.44 Section 25.44 Commerce and Foreign Trade Office of the Secretary of Commerce PROGRAM Fraud Civil Remedies § 25.44 Right to administrative offset. The amount of any penalty or assessment which has become final, or for which a judgment has been...

  5. 15 CFR 25.44 - Right to administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Right to administrative offset. 25.44 Section 25.44 Commerce and Foreign Trade Office of the Secretary of Commerce PROGRAM Fraud Civil Remedies § 25.44 Right to administrative offset. The amount of any penalty or assessment which has become final, or for which a judgment has been...

  6. 15 CFR 25.44 - Right to administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Right to administrative offset. 25.44 Section 25.44 Commerce and Foreign Trade Office of the Secretary of Commerce PROGRAM Fraud Civil Remedies § 25.44 Right to administrative offset. The amount of any penalty or assessment which has become final, or for which a judgment has been...

  7. 10 CFR 13.44 - Right to administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Right to administrative offset. 13.44 Section 13.44 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES § 13.44 Right to administrative offset. The amount of any penalty or assessment which has become final, or for which a judgment has been entered under § 13.42 or § 13.43, or any...

  8. 29 CFR 22.44 - Right to administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2014-07-01 2013-07-01 true Right to administrative offset. 22.44 Section 22.44 Labor Office of the Secretary of Labor PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES ACT OF 1986 § 22.44 Right to administrative offset. The amount of any penalty or assessment which has become final, or for which a judgment has been entered under § 22.42 or § 22.43, or...

  9. 34 CFR 33.44 - Right to administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 34 Education 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Right to administrative offset. 33.44 Section 33.44 Education Office of the Secretary, Department of Education PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES ACT § 33.44 Right to administrative offset. The amount of any penalty or assessment that has become final, or for which a judgment has been entered under § 33.42...

  10. 34 CFR 33.44 - Right to administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 34 Education 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Right to administrative offset. 33.44 Section 33.44 Education Office of the Secretary, Department of Education PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES ACT § 33.44 Right to administrative offset. The amount of any penalty or assessment that has become final, or for which a judgment has been entered under § 33.42...

  11. 7 CFR 1.343 - Right to administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Right to administrative offset. 1.343 Section 1.343 Agriculture Office of the Secretary of Agriculture ADMINISTRATIVE REGULATIONS Procedures Related to Administrative Hearings Under the Program Fraud Civil Remedies Act of 1986 § 1.343 Right to administrative...

  12. 7 CFR 1.343 - Right to administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Right to administrative offset. 1.343 Section 1.343 Agriculture Office of the Secretary of Agriculture ADMINISTRATIVE REGULATIONS Procedures Related to Administrative Hearings Under the Program Fraud Civil Remedies Act of 1986 § 1.343 Right to administrative...

  13. 7 CFR 1.343 - Right to administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Right to administrative offset. 1.343 Section 1.343 Agriculture Office of the Secretary of Agriculture ADMINISTRATIVE REGULATIONS Procedures Related to Administrative Hearings Under the Program Fraud Civil Remedies Act of 1986 § 1.343 Right to administrative...

  14. 41 CFR 105-55.011 - Collection by administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Collection by administrative offset. 105-55.011 Section 105-55.011 Public Contracts and Property Management Federal Property Management Regulations System (Continued) GENERAL SERVICES ADMINISTRATION Regional Offices-General Services Administration 55-COLLECTION OF...

  15. 28 CFR 71.44 - Right to administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Right to administrative offset. 71.44 Section 71.44 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) IMPLEMENTATION OF THE PROVISIONS OF THE PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES ACT OF 1986 Implementation for Actions Initiated by the Department of Justice § 71.44 Right to...

  16. 28 CFR 71.44 - Right to administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Right to administrative offset. 71.44 Section 71.44 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) IMPLEMENTATION OF THE PROVISIONS OF THE PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES ACT OF 1986 Implementation for Actions Initiated by...

  17. 41 CFR 105-70.044 - Right to administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Right to administrative offset. 105-70.044 Section 105-70.044 Public Contracts and Property Management Federal Property Management Regulations System (Continued) GENERAL SERVICES ADMINISTRATION Regional Offices-General Services Administration 70-IMPLEMENTATION OF...

  18. 28 CFR 71.44 - Right to administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Right to administrative offset. 71.44 Section 71.44 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) IMPLEMENTATION OF THE PROVISIONS OF THE PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES ACT OF 1986 Implementation for Actions Initiated by...

  19. 41 CFR 105-70.044 - Right to administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Right to administrative offset. 105-70.044 Section 105-70.044 Public Contracts and Property Management Federal Property Management Regulations System (Continued) GENERAL SERVICES ADMINISTRATION Regional Offices-General Services Administration 70-IMPLEMENTATION OF...

  20. 28 CFR 71.44 - Right to administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Right to administrative offset. 71.44 Section 71.44 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) IMPLEMENTATION OF THE PROVISIONS OF THE PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES ACT OF 1986 Implementation for Actions Initiated by...

  1. 28 CFR 71.44 - Right to administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Right to administrative offset. 71.44 Section 71.44 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) IMPLEMENTATION OF THE PROVISIONS OF THE PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES ACT OF 1986 Implementation for Actions Initiated by...

  2. 40 CFR 13.20 - Administrative offset of general debts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Administrative offset of general debts. 13.20 Section 13.20 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GENERAL CLAIMS... Administrator will issue, no later than 60 days after the filing of the request, a written final decision...

  3. 20 CFR 355.44 - Right to administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Right to administrative offset. 355.44 Section 355.44 Employees' Benefits RAILROAD RETIREMENT BOARD ADMINISTRATIVE REMEDIES FOR FRAUDULENT CLAIMS OR STATEMENTS REGULATIONS UNDER THE PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES ACT OF 1986 § 355.44 Right...

  4. 20 CFR 355.44 - Right to administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Right to administrative offset. 355.44 Section 355.44 Employees' Benefits RAILROAD RETIREMENT BOARD ADMINISTRATIVE REMEDIES FOR FRAUDULENT CLAIMS OR STATEMENTS REGULATIONS UNDER THE PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES ACT OF 1986 § 355.44 Right...

  5. 20 CFR 355.44 - Right to administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2013-04-01 2012-04-01 true Right to administrative offset. 355.44 Section 355.44 Employees' Benefits RAILROAD RETIREMENT BOARD ADMINISTRATIVE REMEDIES FOR FRAUDULENT CLAIMS OR STATEMENTS REGULATIONS UNDER THE PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES ACT OF 1986 § 355.44 Right to...

  6. 20 CFR 355.44 - Right to administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2014-04-01 2012-04-01 true Right to administrative offset. 355.44 Section 355.44 Employees' Benefits RAILROAD RETIREMENT BOARD ADMINISTRATIVE REMEDIES FOR FRAUDULENT CLAIMS OR STATEMENTS REGULATIONS UNDER THE PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES ACT OF 1986 § 355.44 Right to...

  7. 20 CFR 355.44 - Right to administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Right to administrative offset. 355.44 Section 355.44 Employees' Benefits RAILROAD RETIREMENT BOARD ADMINISTRATIVE REMEDIES FOR FRAUDULENT CLAIMS OR STATEMENTS REGULATIONS UNDER THE PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES ACT OF 1986 § 355.44 Right...

  8. 31 CFR 901.3 - Collection by administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Collection by administrative offset. 901.3 Section 901.3 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) FEDERAL CLAIMS COLLECTION STANDARDS (DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY-DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE) STANDARDS FOR THE ADMINISTRATIVE COLLECTION OF CLAIMS §...

  9. 19 CFR 201.206 - Administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... Customs Duties UNITED STATES INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION GENERAL RULES OF GENERAL APPLICATION Debt... 31 U.S.C. 3717 and 31 CFR 901.9, the Commission shall assess interest, penalties and administrative... of 31 CFR part 901 with respect to providing the debtor with due process. (g) Requests for...

  10. 19 CFR 201.206 - Administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... Customs Duties UNITED STATES INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION GENERAL RULES OF GENERAL APPLICATION Debt... 31 U.S.C. 3717 and 31 CFR 901.9, the Commission shall assess interest, penalties and administrative... of 31 CFR part 901 with respect to providing the debtor with due process. (g) Requests for...

  11. 38 CFR 42.44 - Right to administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Right to administrative offset. 42.44 Section 42.44 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS (CONTINUED) STANDARDS IMPLEMENTING THE PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES ACT § 42.44 Right to...

  12. 38 CFR 42.44 - Right to administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Right to administrative offset. 42.44 Section 42.44 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS (CONTINUED) STANDARDS IMPLEMENTING THE PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES ACT § 42.44 Right to...

  13. 12 CFR 308.543 - Right to administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 4 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Right to administrative offset. 308.543 Section 308.543 Banks and Banking FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION PROCEDURE AND RULES OF PRACTICE RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE Program Fraud Civil Remedies and Procedures § 308.543 Right...

  14. 12 CFR 308.543 - Right to administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Right to administrative offset. 308.543 Section 308.543 Banks and Banking FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION PROCEDURE AND RULES OF PRACTICE RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE Program Fraud Civil Remedies and Procedures § 308.543 Right...

  15. 38 CFR 42.44 - Right to administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Right to administrative offset. 42.44 Section 42.44 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS (CONTINUED) STANDARDS IMPLEMENTING THE PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES ACT § 42.44 Right to...

  16. 12 CFR 308.543 - Right to administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Right to administrative offset. 308.543 Section 308.543 Banks and Banking FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION PROCEDURE AND RULES OF PRACTICE RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE Program Fraud Civil Remedies and Procedures § 308.543 Right...

  17. 12 CFR 308.543 - Right to administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Right to administrative offset. 308.543 Section 308.543 Banks and Banking FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION PROCEDURE AND RULES OF PRACTICE RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE Program Fraud Civil Remedies and Procedures § 308.543 Right...

  18. 38 CFR 42.44 - Right to administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Right to administrative offset. 42.44 Section 42.44 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS (CONTINUED) STANDARDS IMPLEMENTING THE PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES ACT § 42.44 Right to...

  19. 12 CFR 308.543 - Right to administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Right to administrative offset. 308.543 Section 308.543 Banks and Banking FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION PROCEDURE AND RULES OF PRACTICE RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE Program Fraud Civil Remedies and Procedures § 308.543 Right...

  20. 49 CFR 80.21 - Use of administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Use of administrative offset. 80.21 Section 80.21 Transportation Office of the Secretary of Transportation CREDIT ASSISTANCE FOR SURFACE TRANSPORTATION PROJECTS... losses to the Federal Government resulting from project risk the DOT has assumed under a TIFIA...

  1. 49 CFR 80.21 - Use of administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Use of administrative offset. 80.21 Section 80.21 Transportation Office of the Secretary of Transportation CREDIT ASSISTANCE FOR SURFACE TRANSPORTATION PROJECTS... losses to the Federal Government resulting from project risk the DOT has assumed under a TIFIA...

  2. 41 CFR 105-55.011 - Collection by administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    .... 3716(c) (see 31 CFR 285.4, Federal Benefit Offset); (iii) Debts arising under, or payments made under, the Internal Revenue Code (see 31 CFR 285.2, Tax Refund Offset) or the tariff laws of the United... regulations published to implement such offsets under 5 U.S.C. 5514 and 31 U.S.C. 3716 (see 5 CFR part...

  3. 41 CFR 105-55.011 - Collection by administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    .... 3716(c) (see 31 CFR 285.4, Federal Benefit Offset); (iii) Debts arising under, or payments made under, the Internal Revenue Code (see 31 CFR 285.2, Tax Refund Offset) or the tariff laws of the United... regulations published to implement such offsets under 5 U.S.C. 5514 and 31 U.S.C. 3716 (see 5 CFR part...

  4. 47 CFR 1.1912 - Collection by administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...) Payments made under the Social Security Act, except as provided for in 31 U.S.C. 3716(c) (see 31 CFR 285.4... 31 CFR 285.2, Tax Refund Offset) or the tariff laws of the United States; (iv) Offsets against... such offsets under 5 U.S.C. 5514 and 31 U.S.C. 3716 (see 5 CFR part 550, subpart K, and 31 CFR...

  5. 10 CFR 15.33 - Collection by administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... the guidance and standards in 31 CFR Chapter IX, parts 900-904 and 5 U.S.C. 5514. (2) This section... CFR 285.4, Federal Benefit Offset); (iii) Debts arising under, or payments made under, the Internal Revenue Code (see 31 CFR 285.2, Tax Refund Offset) or the tariff laws of the United States; (iv)...

  6. 10 CFR 15.33 - Collection by administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... the guidance and standards in 31 CFR Chapter IX, parts 900-904 and 5 U.S.C. 5514. (2) This section... CFR 285.4, Federal Benefit Offset); (iii) Debts arising under, or payments made under, the Internal Revenue Code (see 31 CFR 285.2, Tax Refund Offset) or the tariff laws of the United States; (iv)...

  7. 41 CFR 105-55.011 - Collection by administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Retirement Board, and the Office of Management and Budget. See 31 CFR 285.4. (8) In accordance with 31 U.S.C.... 3716(c) (see 31 CFR 285.4, Federal Benefit Offset); (iii) Debts arising under, or payments made under, the Internal Revenue Code (see 31 CFR 285.2, Tax Refund Offset) or the tariff laws of the...

  8. 40 CFR 13.20 - Administrative offset of general debts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Government's right to collect the debt were not known and could not have been known through the exercise of... time before the first offset is to be made does not reasonably permit the completion of the review... later than 15 days after the date of the notice of the offset unless a different time is...

  9. 10 CFR 15.33 - Collection by administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... the guidance and standards in 31 CFR Chapter IX, parts 900-904 and 5 U.S.C. 5514. (2) This section... CFR 285.4, Federal Benefit Offset); (iii) Debts arising under, or payments made under, the Internal Revenue Code (see 31 CFR 285.2, Tax Refund Offset) or the tariff laws of the United States; (iv)...

  10. 10 CFR 15.33 - Collection by administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... the guidance and standards in 31 CFR Chapter IX, parts 900-904 and 5 U.S.C. 5514. (2) This section... CFR 285.4, Federal Benefit Offset); (iii) Debts arising under, or payments made under, the Internal Revenue Code (see 31 CFR 285.2, Tax Refund Offset) or the tariff laws of the United States; (iv)...

  11. 12 CFR 1704.45 - Requests for administrative offset to other Federal agencies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT OFHEO ORGANIZATION AND FUNCTIONS DEBT COLLECTION Administrative Offset § 1704.45 Requests for administrative offset to other Federal agencies. (a) OFHEO may request that... 12 Banks and Banking 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Requests for administrative offset to...

  12. 19 CFR 201.202 - Purpose and scope of salary and administrative offset rules.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... are consistent with the Office of Personnel Management regulations on salary offset, codified at 5 CFR Part 550, subpart K, and with regulations on administrative offset codified at 31 CFR part 901. (b... seq.), namely, 31 CFR chapter IX....

  13. 19 CFR 201.202 - Purpose and scope of salary and administrative offset rules.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... are consistent with the Office of Personnel Management regulations on salary offset, codified at 5 CFR Part 550, subpart K, and with regulations on administrative offset codified at 31 CFR part 901. (b... seq.), namely, 31 CFR chapter IX....

  14. 47 CFR 1.1912 - Collection by administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Act, except as provided for in 31 U.S.C. 3716(c) (see 31 CFR 285.4, Federal Benefit Offset); (iii) Debts arising under, or payments made under, the Internal Revenue Code (see 31 CFR 285.2, Tax Refund.... 5514 and 31 U.S.C. 3716 (see 5 CFR part 550, subpart K, and 31 CFR 285.7, Federal Salary Offset);...

  15. 31 CFR 901.3 - Collection by administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... under the Social Security Act, except as provided for in 31 U.S.C. 3716(c) (see 31 CFR 285.4, Federal Benefit Offset); (iii) Debts arising under, or payments made under, the Internal Revenue Code (see 31 CFR... offsets under 5 U.S.C. 5514 and 31 U.S.C. 3716 (see 5 CFR part 550, subpart K, and 31 CFR 285.7,...

  16. 31 CFR 901.3 - Collection by administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... under the Social Security Act, except as provided for in 31 U.S.C. 3716(c) (see 31 CFR 285.4, Federal Benefit Offset); (iii) Debts arising under, or payments made under, the Internal Revenue Code (see 31 CFR... offsets under 5 U.S.C. 5514 and 31 U.S.C. 3716 (see 5 CFR part 550, subpart K, and 31 CFR 285.7,...

  17. 31 CFR 901.3 - Collection by administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... under the Social Security Act, except as provided for in 31 U.S.C. 3716(c) (see 31 CFR 285.4, Federal Benefit Offset); (iii) Debts arising under, or payments made under, the Internal Revenue Code (see 31 CFR... offsets under 5 U.S.C. 5514 and 31 U.S.C. 3716 (see 5 CFR part 550, subpart K, and 31 CFR 285.7,...

  18. 10 CFR 1015.203 - Collection by administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    .... seq.) except as provided for in 31 U.S.C. 3716(c) (see 31 CFR 285.4, Federal Benefit Offset); (iii) Debts arising under, or payments made under, the Internal Revenue Code (see 31 CFR 285.2, Tax Refund.... 5514 and 31 U.S.C. 3716 (see 5 CFR part 550, subpart K, and 31 CFR 285.7, Federal Salary Offset);...

  19. 10 CFR 1015.203 - Collection by administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    .... seq.) except as provided for in 31 U.S.C. 3716(c) (see 31 CFR 285.4, Federal Benefit Offset); (iii) Debts arising under, or payments made under, the Internal Revenue Code (see 31 CFR 285.2, Tax Refund.... 5514 and 31 U.S.C. 3716 (see 5 CFR part 550, subpart K, and 31 CFR 285.7, Federal Salary Offset);...

  20. 47 CFR 1.1912 - Collection by administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... Act, except as provided for in 31 U.S.C. 3716(c) (see 31 CFR 285.4, Federal Benefit Offset); (iii) Debts arising under, or payments made under, the Internal Revenue Code (see 31 CFR 285.2, Tax Refund.... 5514 and 31 U.S.C. 3716 (see 5 CFR part 550, subpart K, and 31 CFR 285.7, Federal Salary Offset);...

  1. 31 CFR 901.3 - Collection by administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... under the Social Security Act, except as provided for in 31 U.S.C. 3716(c) (see 31 CFR 285.4, Federal Benefit Offset); (iii) Debts arising under, or payments made under, the Internal Revenue Code (see 31 CFR... offsets under 5 U.S.C. 5514 and 31 U.S.C. 3716 (see 5 CFR part 550, subpart K, and 31 CFR 285.7,...

  2. 10 CFR 1015.203 - Collection by administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    .... seq.) except as provided for in 31 U.S.C. 3716(c) (see 31 CFR 285.4, Federal Benefit Offset); (iii) Debts arising under, or payments made under, the Internal Revenue Code (see 31 CFR 285.2, Tax Refund.... 5514 and 31 U.S.C. 3716 (see 5 CFR part 550, subpart K, and 31 CFR 285.7, Federal Salary Offset);...

  3. 10 CFR 1015.203 - Collection by administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    .... seq.) except as provided for in 31 U.S.C. 3716(c) (see 31 CFR 285.4, Federal Benefit Offset); (iii) Debts arising under, or payments made under, the Internal Revenue Code (see 31 CFR 285.2, Tax Refund.... 5514 and 31 U.S.C. 3716 (see 5 CFR part 550, subpart K, and 31 CFR 285.7, Federal Salary Offset);...

  4. 19 CFR 201.202 - Purpose and scope of salary and administrative offset rules.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... offset rules. 201.202 Section 201.202 Customs Duties UNITED STATES INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION GENERAL... are consistent with the Office of Personnel Management regulations on salary offset, codified at 5 CFR Part 550, subpart K, and with regulations on administrative offset codified at 31 CFR part 901....

  5. 19 CFR 201.202 - Purpose and scope of salary and administrative offset rules.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... offset rules. 201.202 Section 201.202 Customs Duties UNITED STATES INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION GENERAL... are consistent with the Office of Personnel Management regulations on salary offset, codified at 5 CFR Part 550, subpart K, and with regulations on administrative offset codified at 31 CFR part 901....

  6. 7 CFR 3.84 - Procedures for salary offset: Imposition of interest, penalties, and administrative costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Procedures for salary offset: Imposition of interest, penalties, and administrative costs. 3.84 Section 3.84 Agriculture Office of the Secretary of Agriculture DEBT MANAGEMENT Federal Salary Offset § 3.84 Procedures for salary offset: Imposition of...

  7. 10 CFR 16.13 - Procedures for centralized administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... comply with the requirements of 5 U.S.C. 5514, 5 CFR part 550, and 10 CFR part 15. Procedures for... in 31 CFR part 285 and 10 CFR 15.33. Procedures for internal salary offset are contained in § 16.15... debt as contained in 5 U.S.C. 5514 and 10 CFR 15.26. (3) Submit the debt to Treasury for...

  8. 7 CFR 3.41 - Procedures for notification of intent to collect by administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Procedures for notification of intent to collect by administrative offset. 3.41 Section 3.41 Agriculture Office of the Secretary of Agriculture DEBT MANAGEMENT... Administrative Offset shall be included as part of a demand letter issued under § 3.11 to advise the debtor...

  9. 45 CFR 681.44 - Is there a right to administrative offset?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Is there a right to administrative offset? 681.44 Section 681.44 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES ACT REGULATIONS Decisions and Appeals § 681.44 Is there a right to administrative offset? The amount of...

  10. 19 CFR 201.202 - Purpose and scope of salary and administrative offset rules.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 3 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Purpose and scope of salary and administrative offset rules. 201.202 Section 201.202 Customs Duties UNITED STATES INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION GENERAL RULES OF GENERAL APPLICATION Debt Collection § 201.202 Purpose and scope of salary and administrative offset rules. (a) Purpose. The purpose...

  11. 40 CFR 77.4 - Administrator's action on proposed offset plans.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 17 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Administrator's action on proposed offset plans. 77.4 Section 77.4 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) EXCESS EMISSIONS § 77.4 Administrator's action on proposed offset plans....

  12. 20 CFR 422.310 - Collection of overdue debts by administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Collection of overdue debts by administrative... PROCEDURES Claims Collection § 422.310 Collection of overdue debts by administrative offset. (a) Referral to... matching and payment offset process operated by the Department of the Treasury, whereby debts owed to...

  13. Adaptable DC offset correction

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Golusky, John M. (Inventor); Muldoon, Kelly P. (Inventor)

    2009-01-01

    Methods and systems for adaptable DC offset correction are provided. An exemplary adaptable DC offset correction system evaluates an incoming baseband signal to determine an appropriate DC offset removal scheme; removes a DC offset from the incoming baseband signal based on the appropriate DC offset scheme in response to the evaluated incoming baseband signal; and outputs a reduced DC baseband signal in response to the DC offset removed from the incoming baseband signal.

  14. 24 CFR 17.113 - Procedures for administrative offset: interagency cooperation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Procedures for administrative offset: interagency cooperation. 17.113 Section 17.113 Housing and Urban Development Office of the... offset: interagency cooperation. The Department will make use of all possible methods of cooperating...

  15. 24 CFR 17.113 - Procedures for administrative offset: interagency cooperation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Procedures for administrative offset: interagency cooperation. 17.113 Section 17.113 Housing and Urban Development Office of the... offset: interagency cooperation. The Department will make use of all possible methods of cooperating...

  16. 31 CFR 256.21 - Are Judgment Fund payments offset to collect administrative debts?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    .... (See 31 CFR 285.5 for requirements for disbursing official offset of past-due delinquent, nontax debts... administrator of the Judgment Fund, Fiscal Service, in its capacity as disbursing official for the executive... Offset Program (TOP). This rule applies only to the setoff of Judgment Fund payments prior to...

  17. 38 CFR 1.995 - Requesting recovery through centralized administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... U.S.C. 3716 and 38 CFR 1.912 and 1.912a including, but not limited to, those provisions requiring...) VA has complied with the provisions of 5 U.S.C. 5514 (salary offset) and 38 CFR 1.980 through 1.994... of collection by centralized administrative offset are contained in the 31 CFR 285.7. VA and...

  18. 12 CFR 797.6 - Administrative offset prior to completion of procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Administrative offset prior to completion of procedures. 797.6 Section 797.6 Banks and Banking NATIONAL CREDIT UNION ADMINISTRATION REGULATIONS AFFECTING THE OPERATIONS OF THE NATIONAL CREDIT UNION ADMINISTRATION PROCEDURES FOR DEBT...

  19. 12 CFR 797.6 - Administrative offset prior to completion of procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 7 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Administrative offset prior to completion of procedures. 797.6 Section 797.6 Banks and Banking NATIONAL CREDIT UNION ADMINISTRATION REGULATIONS AFFECTING THE OPERATIONS OF THE NATIONAL CREDIT UNION ADMINISTRATION PROCEDURES FOR DEBT...

  20. 12 CFR 797.13 - Requests for administrative offset where NCUA is the creditor agency.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 7 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Requests for administrative offset where NCUA is the creditor agency. 797.13 Section 797.13 Banks and Banking NATIONAL CREDIT UNION ADMINISTRATION REGULATIONS AFFECTING THE OPERATIONS OF THE NATIONAL CREDIT UNION ADMINISTRATION PROCEDURES FOR...

  1. 12 CFR 797.6 - Administrative offset prior to completion of procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 7 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Administrative offset prior to completion of procedures. 797.6 Section 797.6 Banks and Banking NATIONAL CREDIT UNION ADMINISTRATION REGULATIONS AFFECTING THE OPERATIONS OF THE NATIONAL CREDIT UNION ADMINISTRATION PROCEDURES FOR DEBT...

  2. 12 CFR 797.13 - Requests for administrative offset where NCUA is the creditor agency.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Requests for administrative offset where NCUA is the creditor agency. 797.13 Section 797.13 Banks and Banking NATIONAL CREDIT UNION ADMINISTRATION REGULATIONS AFFECTING THE OPERATIONS OF THE NATIONAL CREDIT UNION ADMINISTRATION PROCEDURES FOR...

  3. 12 CFR 797.6 - Administrative offset prior to completion of procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 7 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Administrative offset prior to completion of procedures. 797.6 Section 797.6 Banks and Banking NATIONAL CREDIT UNION ADMINISTRATION REGULATIONS AFFECTING THE OPERATIONS OF THE NATIONAL CREDIT UNION ADMINISTRATION PROCEDURES FOR DEBT...

  4. 12 CFR 797.13 - Requests for administrative offset where NCUA is the creditor agency.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Requests for administrative offset where NCUA is the creditor agency. 797.13 Section 797.13 Banks and Banking NATIONAL CREDIT UNION ADMINISTRATION REGULATIONS AFFECTING THE OPERATIONS OF THE NATIONAL CREDIT UNION ADMINISTRATION PROCEDURES FOR...

  5. 12 CFR 797.13 - Requests for administrative offset where NCUA is the creditor agency.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 7 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Requests for administrative offset where NCUA is the creditor agency. 797.13 Section 797.13 Banks and Banking NATIONAL CREDIT UNION ADMINISTRATION REGULATIONS AFFECTING THE OPERATIONS OF THE NATIONAL CREDIT UNION ADMINISTRATION PROCEDURES FOR...

  6. 12 CFR 797.6 - Administrative offset prior to completion of procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Administrative offset prior to completion of procedures. 797.6 Section 797.6 Banks and Banking NATIONAL CREDIT UNION ADMINISTRATION REGULATIONS AFFECTING THE OPERATIONS OF THE NATIONAL CREDIT UNION ADMINISTRATION PROCEDURES FOR DEBT...

  7. 77 FR 65103 - Rules of Practice in Proceedings Relative to Administrative Offsets Initiated Against Former...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-25

    ... these proposed changes to 39 CFR part 966 on September 4, 2012 (77 FR 53830-34). No comments were... 966 Rules of Practice in Proceedings Relative to Administrative Offsets Initiated Against Former... the rules of practice of the Judicial Officer in proceedings relative to administrative...

  8. 7 CFR 792.7 - Collection by administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    .... Such written notification and opportunity includes notice of the right to pursue an administrative... the appropriate FSA State office, Kansas City Financial Management Office, Kansas City Management Office, or Kansas City Commodity Office. Such written request must: (i) Bear the signature of...

  9. 75 FR 32343 - Debt Collection and Administrative Offset for Monies Due the Federal Government

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-08

    ... Minerals Management Service 30 CFR Part 218 RIN 1010-AD36 Debt Collection and Administrative Offset for Monies Due the Federal Government AGENCY: Minerals Management Service (MMS), Interior. ACTION: Proposed... and other agreements for the production of oil, natural gas, coal, geothermal energy, other...

  10. 45 CFR 681.44 - Is there a right to administrative offset?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Is there a right to administrative offset? 681.44 Section 681.44 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES ACT REGULATIONS Decisions and Appeals § 681.44 Is there a right...

  11. 45 CFR 681.44 - Is there a right to administrative offset?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Is there a right to administrative offset? 681.44 Section 681.44 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES ACT REGULATIONS Decisions and Appeals § 681.44 Is there a right...

  12. 45 CFR 681.44 - Is there a right to administrative offset?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Is there a right to administrative offset? 681.44 Section 681.44 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES ACT REGULATIONS Decisions and Appeals § 681.44 Is there a right...

  13. 45 CFR 681.44 - Is there a right to administrative offset?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Is there a right to administrative offset? 681.44 Section 681.44 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES ACT REGULATIONS Decisions and Appeals § 681.44 Is there a right...

  14. 77 FR 53830 - Rules of Practice in Proceedings Relative to Administrative Offsets Initiated Against Former...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-04

    ... 966 Rules of Practice in Proceedings Relative to Administrative Offsets Initiated Against Former... proposes revisions to the rules of practice of the Judicial Officer in proceedings relative to... Judicial Officer's existing practice. DATES: Comments must be received on or before October 4,...

  15. 31 CFR 256.21 - Are Judgment Fund payments offset to collect administrative debts?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Are Judgment Fund payments offset to collect administrative debts? 256.21 Section 256.21 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) FISCAL SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT SERVICE OBTAINING PAYMENTS FROM THE JUDGMENT FUND...

  16. 31 CFR 256.21 - Are Judgment Fund payments offset to collect administrative debts?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    .... (See 31 CFR 285.5 for requirements for disbursing official offset of past-due delinquent, nontax debts... administrator of the Judgment Fund, FMS, in its capacity as disbursing official for the executive branch... Program (TOP). This rule applies only to the setoff of Judgment Fund payments prior to...

  17. 31 CFR 256.21 - Are Judgment Fund payments offset to collect administrative debts?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    .... (See 31 CFR 285.5 for requirements for disbursing official offset of past-due delinquent, nontax debts... administrator of the Judgment Fund, FMS, in its capacity as disbursing official for the executive branch... Program (TOP). This rule applies only to the setoff of Judgment Fund payments prior to...

  18. Temperature offset control system

    SciTech Connect

    Fried, M.

    1987-07-28

    This patent describes a temperature offset control system for controlling the operation of both heating and air conditioning systems simultaneously contained within the same premises each of which is set by local thermostats to operate at an appropriate temperature, the offset control system comprising: a central control station having means for presetting an offset temperature range, means for sensing the temperature at a central location, means for comparing the sensed temperature with the offset temperature range, means responsive to the comparison for producing a control signal indicative of whether the sensed temperature is within the offset temperature range or beyond the offset temperature range, and means for transmitting the control signal onto the standard energy lines servicing the premises; and a receiving station respectively associated with each heating and air conditioning system, the receiving stations each comprising means for receiving the same transmitted control signal from the energy lines, and switch means for controlling the energization of the respective system in response to the received control signal. The heating systems and associated local thermostat are disabled by the control signal when the control signal originates from a sensed temperature above the lower end of the offset temperature range. The air conditioning systems and associated thermostats are disabled by the same control signal when the control signal originates from a sensed temperature below the upper end of the offset temperature range.

  19. Seismic offset balancing

    SciTech Connect

    Ross, C.P.; Beale, P.L.

    1994-01-01

    The ability to successfully predict lithology and fluid content from reflection seismic records using AVO techniques is contingent upon accurate pre-analysis conditioning of the seismic data. However, all too often, residual amplitude effects remain after the many offset-dependent processing steps are completed. Residual amplitude effects often represent a significant error when compared to the amplitude variation with offset (AVO) response that the authors are attempting to quantify. They propose a model-based, offset-dependent amplitude balancing method that attempts to correct for these residuals and other errors due to sub-optimal processing. Seismic offset balancing attempts to quantify the relationship between the offset response of back-ground seismic reflections and corresponding theoretical predictions for average lithologic interfaces thought to cause these background reflections. It is assumed that any deviation from the theoretical response is a result of residual processing phenomenon and/or suboptimal processing, and a simple offset-dependent scaling function is designed to correct for these differences. This function can then be applied to seismic data over both prospective and nonprospective zones within an area where the theoretical values are appropriate and the seismic characteristics are consistent. A conservative application of the above procedure results in an AVO response over both gas sands and wet sands that is much closer to theoretically expected values. A case history from the Gulf of Mexico Flexure Trend is presented as an example to demonstrate the offset balancing technique.

  20. 28 CFR 11.8 - Salary offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Salary offset. 11.8 Section 11.8 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE DEBT COLLECTION Administration of Debt Collection § 11.8 Salary offset. (a) Notice requirements before offset. Deductions under the authority of 5 U.S.C. 5514 will not be made unless the creditor agency...

  1. Policy Development for Biodiversity Offsets: A Review of Offset Frameworks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    McKenney, Bruce A.; Kiesecker, Joseph M.

    2010-01-01

    Biodiversity offsets seek to compensate for residual environmental impacts of planned developments after appropriate steps have been taken to avoid, minimize or restore impacts on site. Offsets are emerging as an increasingly employed mechanism for achieving net environmental benefits, with offset policies being advanced in a wide range of countries (i.e., United States, Australia, Brazil, Colombia, and South Africa). To support policy development for biodiversity offsets, we review a set of major offset policy frameworks—US wetlands mitigation, US conservation banking, EU Natura 2000, Australian offset policies in New South Wales, Victoria, and Western Australia, and Brazilian industrial and forest offsets. We compare how the frameworks define offset policy goals, approach the mitigation process, and address six key issues for implementing offsets: (1) equivalence of project impacts with offset gains; (2) location of the offset relative to the impact site; (3) “additionality” (a new contribution to conservation) and acceptable types of offsets; (4) timing of project impacts versus offset benefits; (5) offset duration and compliance; and (6) “currency” and mitigation replacement ratios. We find substantial policy commonalities that may serve as a sound basis for future development of biodiversity offsets policy. We also identify issues requiring further policy guidance, including how best to: (1) ensure conformance with the mitigation hierarchy; (2) identify the most environmentally preferable offsets within a landscape context; and (3) determine appropriate mitigation replacement ratios.

  2. Training SVMs without offset

    SciTech Connect

    Steinwart, Ingo; Hush, Don; Scovel, Clint

    2009-01-01

    We develop, analyze, and test a training algorithm for support vector machine cla.'>sifiers without offset. Key features of this algorithm are a new stopping criterion and a set of working set selection strategies that, although inexpensive, do not lead to substantially more iterations than the optimal working set selection strategy. For these working set strategies, we establish convergence rates that coincide with the best known rates for SYMs with offset. We further conduct various experiments that investigate both the run time behavior and the performed iterations of the new training algorithm. It turns out, that the new algorithm needs less iterations and run-time than standard training algorithms for SYMs with offset.

  3. 41 CFR 105-56.019 - Offset amount.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Administration 56-SALARY OFFSET FOR INDEBTEDNESS OF FEDERAL EMPLOYEES TO THE UNITED STATES Centralized Salary Offset (CSO) Procedures-GSA as Creditor Agency § 105-56.019 Offset amount. (a) The minimum dollar amount referred for offset under this subpart is $100. (b) The amount offset from a salary payment under...

  4. 41 CFR 105-56.029 - Offset amount.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Administration 56-SALARY OFFSET FOR INDEBTEDNESS OF FEDERAL EMPLOYEES TO THE UNITED STATES Centralized Salary Offset (CSO) Procedures-GSA as Paying Agency § 105-56.029 Offset amount. (a) The minimum dollar amount of salary offset under this subpart is $100. (b) The amount offset from a salary payment under this...

  5. Offset Compound Gear Drive

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Stevens, Mark A.; Handschuh, Robert F.; Lewicki, David G.

    2010-01-01

    The Offset Compound Gear Drive is an in-line, discrete, two-speed device utilizing a special offset compound gear that has both an internal tooth configuration on the input end and external tooth configuration on the output end, thus allowing it to mesh in series, simultaneously, with both a smaller external tooth input gear and a larger internal tooth output gear. This unique geometry and offset axis permits the compound gear to mesh with the smaller diameter input gear and the larger diameter output gear, both of which are on the same central, or primary, centerline. This configuration results in a compact in-line reduction gear set consisting of fewer gears and bearings than a conventional planetary gear train. Switching between the two output ratios is accomplished through a main control clutch and sprag. Power flow to the above is transmitted through concentric power paths. Low-speed operation is accomplished in two meshes. For the purpose of illustrating the low-speed output operation, the following example pitch diameters are given. A 5.0 pitch diameter (PD) input gear to 7.50 PD (internal tooth) intermediate gear (0.667 reduction mesh), and a 7.50 PD (external tooth) intermediate gear to a 10.00 PD output gear (0.750 reduction mesh). Note that it is not required that the intermediate gears on the offset axis be of the same diameter. For this example, the resultant low-speed ratio is 2:1 (output speed = 0.500; product of stage one 0.667 reduction and stage two 0.750 stage reduction). The design is not restricted to the example pitch diameters, or output ratio. From the output gear, power is transmitted through a hollow drive shaft, which, in turn, drives a sprag during which time the main clutch is disengaged.

  6. 22 CFR 213.20 - Administrative offset of non-employee debts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... are ad hoc case-by-case offsets that creditor agencies conduct, at the agency's discretion, internally... regulations codified at 5 CFR 831.1801 through 831.1808. Upon receipt of such a request, OPM will identify...

  7. 22 CFR 213.20 - Administrative offset of non-employee debts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... are ad hoc case-by-case offsets that creditor agencies conduct, at the agency's discretion, internally... regulations codified at 5 CFR 831.1801 through 831.1808. Upon receipt of such a request, OPM will identify...

  8. 22 CFR 213.20 - Administrative offset of non-employee debts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... are ad hoc case-by-case offsets that creditor agencies conduct, at the agency's discretion, internally... regulations codified at 5 CFR 831.1801 through 831.1808. Upon receipt of such a request, OPM will identify...

  9. 31 CFR 285.1 - Collection of past-due support by administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ..., the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. Secretary means... notice shall inform the payee of the type and amount of the payment that was offset; the identity of...

  10. 5 CFR 837.303 - Annuity offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Annuity offset. 837.303 Section 837.303 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT (CONTINUED) CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS (CONTINUED... been waived under 5 U.S.C. 8345(d) or 8465(a)), the pay of the reemployed annuitant shall be offset...

  11. 12 CFR 797.14 - Requests for administrative offset from other federal agencies where NCUA is the paying agency.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Requests for administrative offset from other federal agencies where NCUA is the paying agency. 797.14 Section 797.14 Banks and Banking NATIONAL CREDIT UNION ADMINISTRATION REGULATIONS AFFECTING THE OPERATIONS OF THE NATIONAL CREDIT UNION...

  12. 12 CFR 797.14 - Requests for administrative offset from other federal agencies where NCUA is the paying agency.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Requests for administrative offset from other federal agencies where NCUA is the paying agency. 797.14 Section 797.14 Banks and Banking NATIONAL CREDIT UNION ADMINISTRATION REGULATIONS AFFECTING THE OPERATIONS OF THE NATIONAL CREDIT UNION...

  13. 12 CFR 797.14 - Requests for administrative offset from other federal agencies where NCUA is the paying agency.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 7 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Requests for administrative offset from other federal agencies where NCUA is the paying agency. 797.14 Section 797.14 Banks and Banking NATIONAL CREDIT UNION ADMINISTRATION REGULATIONS AFFECTING THE OPERATIONS OF THE NATIONAL CREDIT UNION...

  14. 12 CFR 797.14 - Requests for administrative offset from other federal agencies where NCUA is the paying agency.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 7 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Requests for administrative offset from other federal agencies where NCUA is the paying agency. 797.14 Section 797.14 Banks and Banking NATIONAL CREDIT UNION ADMINISTRATION REGULATIONS AFFECTING THE OPERATIONS OF THE NATIONAL CREDIT UNION...

  15. 7 CFR 3.46 - Offset against tax refunds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Offset against tax refunds. 3.46 Section 3.46 Agriculture Office of the Secretary of Agriculture DEBT MANAGEMENT Administrative Offset § 3.46 Offset against tax refunds. USDA will take action to effect administrative offset against tax refunds due to...

  16. 31 CFR 285.6 - Administrative offset under reciprocal agreements with states.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... the Northern Mariana Islands, and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. State debt means any amount of...) This section does not apply to the offset of Federal salary payments, Federal tax refunds (see 31 CFR 285.8), or the collection of past-due support debts (see 31 CFR 285.1 and 285.3). (b) Definitions....

  17. 77 FR 25881 - Debt Collection and Administrative Offset for Monies Due the Federal Government

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-02

    ... plain language changes discussed below effect any substantive change in meaning. II. Comments on the Proposed Rule The proposed rule was published on June 8, 2010 (75 FR 32343). We received comments on the... categories: (1) Plain language, (2) Treasury fees, (3) Treasury offsets, (4) Chronology of collection...

  18. 31 CFR 285.6 - Administrative offset under reciprocal agreements with states.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... requirements of 31 CFR 285.5(d)(3)(i). (2) Certification. At the time a participating State notifies FMS of a... apply to the offset of Federal salary payments, Federal tax refunds (see 31 CFR 285.8), or the collection of past-due support debts (see 31 CFR 285.1 and 285.3). (b) Definitions. (1) Unless...

  19. 31 CFR 285.6 - Administrative offset under reciprocal agreements with states.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... requirements of 31 CFR 285.5(d)(3)(i). (2) Certification. At the time a participating State notifies FMS of a... section does not apply to the offset of Federal salary payments, Federal tax refunds (see 31 CFR 285.8), or the collection of past-due support debts (see 31 CFR 285.1 and 285.3). (b) Definitions. (1)...

  20. 31 CFR 285.6 - Administrative offset under reciprocal agreements with states.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... requirements of 31 CFR 285.5(d)(3)(i). (2) Certification. At the time a participating State notifies FMS of a... apply to the offset of Federal salary payments, Federal tax refunds (see 31 CFR 285.8), or the collection of past-due support debts (see 31 CFR 285.1 and 285.3). (b) Definitions. (1) Unless...

  1. 31 CFR 285.1 - Collection of past-due support by administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... law. FMS means the Financial Management Service, a bureau of the Department of the Treasury. FMS is... rule. FMS may enter into a reciprocal agreement with a State for the collection of past-due support..., disbursing officials of FMS or any other disbursing official of the United States shall offset...

  2. 31 CFR 285.1 - Collection of past-due support by administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... law. FMS means the Financial Management Service, a bureau of the Department of the Treasury. FMS is... rule. FMS may enter into a reciprocal agreement with a State for the collection of past-due support..., disbursing officials of FMS or any other disbursing official of the United States shall offset...

  3. 31 CFR 285.1 - Collection of past-due support by administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... law. FMS means the Financial Management Service, a bureau of the Department of the Treasury. FMS is... rule. FMS may enter into a reciprocal agreement with a State for the collection of past-due support..., disbursing officials of FMS or any other disbursing official of the United States shall offset...

  4. 31 CFR 285.1 - Collection of past-due support by administrative offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... law. FMS means the Financial Management Service, a bureau of the Department of the Treasury. FMS is... rule. FMS may enter into a reciprocal agreement with a State for the collection of past-due support..., disbursing officials of FMS or any other disbursing official of the United States shall offset...

  5. 31 CFR 285.6 - Administrative offset under reciprocal agreements with states.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... requirements of 31 CFR 285.5(d)(3)(i). (2) Certification. At the time a participating State notifies FMS of a... apply to the offset of Federal salary payments, Federal tax refunds (see 31 CFR 285.8), or the collection of past-due support debts (see 31 CFR 285.1 and 285.3). (b) Definitions. (1) Unless...

  6. 12 CFR 1704.47 - Administrative offset against amounts payable from Civil Service Retirement and Disability Fund.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Administrative offset against amounts payable from Civil Service Retirement and Disability Fund. 1704.47 Section 1704.47 Banks and Banking OFFICE OF FEDERAL HOUSING ENTERPRISE OVERSIGHT, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT OFHEO ORGANIZATION AND FUNCTIONS DEBT COLLECTION...

  7. 45 CFR 33.4 - Notice requirements before offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Notice requirements before offset. 33.4 Section 33.4 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION SALARY OFFSET § 33.4 Notice requirements before offset. (a) At least 30 days before the initiation of salary offset under this part, the Secretary shall mail, by...

  8. 14 CFR 1261.508 - Offset against a judgment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Offset against a judgment. 1261.508 Section... CLAIMS (GENERAL) Administrative Offset of Claims § 1261.508 Offset against a judgment. Collection by offset against a judgment obtained by a debtor against the United States shall be accomplished...

  9. 12 CFR 797.16 - Stay of offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Stay of offset. 797.16 Section 797.16 Banks and Banking NATIONAL CREDIT UNION ADMINISTRATION REGULATIONS AFFECTING THE OPERATIONS OF THE NATIONAL CREDIT UNION ADMINISTRATION PROCEDURES FOR DEBT COLLECTION Administrative Offset § 797.16 Stay of offset....

  10. 12 CFR 797.16 - Stay of offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Stay of offset. 797.16 Section 797.16 Banks and Banking NATIONAL CREDIT UNION ADMINISTRATION REGULATIONS AFFECTING THE OPERATIONS OF THE NATIONAL CREDIT UNION ADMINISTRATION PROCEDURES FOR DEBT COLLECTION Administrative Offset § 797.16 Stay of offset....

  11. 12 CFR 797.16 - Stay of offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 7 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Stay of offset. 797.16 Section 797.16 Banks and Banking NATIONAL CREDIT UNION ADMINISTRATION REGULATIONS AFFECTING THE OPERATIONS OF THE NATIONAL CREDIT UNION ADMINISTRATION PROCEDURES FOR DEBT COLLECTION Administrative Offset § 797.16 Stay of offset....

  12. 12 CFR 797.16 - Stay of offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 7 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Stay of offset. 797.16 Section 797.16 Banks and Banking NATIONAL CREDIT UNION ADMINISTRATION REGULATIONS AFFECTING THE OPERATIONS OF THE NATIONAL CREDIT UNION ADMINISTRATION PROCEDURES FOR DEBT COLLECTION Administrative Offset § 797.16 Stay of offset....

  13. 5 CFR 831.1005 - Offset from nondisability annuity.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Offset from nondisability annuity. 831.1005 Section 831.1005 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT (CONTINUED) CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) RETIREMENT CSRS Offset § 831.1005 Offset from nondisability annuity. (a) OPM...

  14. 5 CFR 831.1005 - Offset from nondisability annuity.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Offset from nondisability annuity. 831.1005 Section 831.1005 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT (CONTINUED) CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) RETIREMENT CSRS Offset § 831.1005 Offset from nondisability annuity. (a) OPM will reduce the annuity of an individual...

  15. 5 CFR 179.211 - Notice of salary offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Notice of salary offset. 179.211 Section 179.211 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS CLAIMS COLLECTION STANDARDS Salary Offset § 179.211 Notice of salary offset. (a) Upon receipt of...

  16. 5 CFR 831.1005 - Offset from nondisability annuity.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Offset from nondisability annuity. 831.1005 Section 831.1005 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT (CONTINUED) CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) RETIREMENT CSRS Offset § 831.1005 Offset from nondisability annuity. (a) OPM will reduce the annuity of an individual...

  17. 5 CFR 179.212 - Procedures for salary offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Procedures for salary offset. 179.212 Section 179.212 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS CLAIMS COLLECTION STANDARDS Salary Offset § 179.212 Procedures for salary offset. (a) The Director or his or...

  18. 5 CFR 831.1005 - Offset from nondisability annuity.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Offset from nondisability annuity. 831.1005 Section 831.1005 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT (CONTINUED) CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) RETIREMENT CSRS Offset § 831.1005 Offset from nondisability annuity. (a) OPM...

  19. 5 CFR 179.212 - Procedures for salary offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Procedures for salary offset. 179.212 Section 179.212 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS CLAIMS COLLECTION STANDARDS Salary Offset § 179.212 Procedures for salary offset. (a) The Director or his or her designee shall coordinate...

  20. 5 CFR 179.211 - Notice of salary offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Notice of salary offset. 179.211 Section 179.211 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS CLAIMS COLLECTION STANDARDS Salary Offset § 179.211 Notice of salary offset. (a) Upon receipt of...

  1. 5 CFR 179.212 - Procedures for salary offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Procedures for salary offset. 179.212 Section 179.212 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS CLAIMS COLLECTION STANDARDS Salary Offset § 179.212 Procedures for salary offset. (a) The Director or his or...

  2. 47 CFR 1.1951 - Offset against tax refunds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Offset against tax refunds. 1.1951 Section 1... Claims Owed the United States Cooperation with the Internal Revenue Service § 1.1951 Offset against tax refunds. The Commission will take action to effect administrative offset against tax refunds due...

  3. 45 CFR 33.10 - Procedures for salary offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Procedures for salary offset. 33.10 Section 33.10 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION SALARY OFFSET § 33.10 Procedures for salary offset. (a) Method and source of deductions. Unless the employee and the Secretary have agreed to an alternative...

  4. 22 CFR 213.21 - Employee salary offset-general.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... administrative offset; (3) 5 CFR part 550, subpart K, setting forth the minimum requirements for executive agency regulations on salary offset; and (4) 31 CFR parts 900 through 904, the Federal Claims Collection Standards. ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Employee salary offset-general. 213.21...

  5. 40 CFR 13.21 - Employee salary offset-general.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... the liquidation of debts by administrative offset; (3) 5 CFR part 550, subpart K, setting forth the minimum requirements for executive agency regulations on salary offset; and (4) 4 CFR parts 101-105, the... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Employee salary offset-general....

  6. 5 CFR 1215.8 - Procedures for salary offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Section 1215.8 Administrative Personnel MERIT SYSTEMS PROTECTION BOARD ORGANIZATION AND PROCEDURES DEBT MANAGEMENT Salary Offset § 1215.8 Procedures for salary offset. (a) Deductions to liquidate an employee's debt will be by the method and in the amount stated in the Chairman's notice of intention to offset...

  7. 16 CFR 260.5 - Carbon offsets.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Carbon offsets. 260.5 Section 260.5... ENVIRONMENTAL MARKETING CLAIMS § 260.5 Carbon offsets. (a) Given the complexities of carbon offsets, sellers... deceptive to misrepresent, directly or by implication, that a carbon offset represents emission...

  8. 16 CFR 260.5 - Carbon offsets.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Carbon offsets. 260.5 Section 260.5... ENVIRONMENTAL MARKETING CLAIMS § 260.5 Carbon offsets. (a) Given the complexities of carbon offsets, sellers... deceptive to misrepresent, directly or by implication, that a carbon offset represents emission...

  9. 26 CFR 1.812-5 - Offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... by the following example: Example. In computing the operations loss deduction for 1960, Y, a life... and Loss from Operations § 1.812-5 Offset. (a) Offset defined. Section 812(d) defines the term “offset... offset is only that portion of the increase in the operations loss deduction for the taxable year...

  10. Moon model - An offset core.

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ransford, G.; Sjogren, W.

    1972-01-01

    The lunar model proposed helps to account for the offset of the center of gravity from the center of the optical figure, the moments of inertia of the Moon, the 'mascons,' the localization of the maria basins on the near side of the Moon, the igneous nature of rocks, and the remanent magnetism. In the proposed model the Moon has a core whose center is offset from the center of the outside spheroid towards the earth. Such a core will be formed if the Moon were entirely molten at some time in its past, and on solidification was synchronous with the earth.

  11. Phonation Offset in Tracheoesophageal Speech

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Searl, Jeff; Ousley, Teri

    2004-01-01

    Tracheoesophageal (TE) speakers often have difficulty producing the voiced-voiceless distinction. Phonation offset (POff) as a TE speaker transitions from a vowel to a stop consonant may be altered, possibly contributing to listener misperceptions. The purposes of this study were to: (1) compare the duration of POff in TE versus laryngeal…

  12. Graphic Arts/Offset Lithography.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoisington, James; Metcalf, Joseph

    This revised curriculum for graphic arts is designed to provide secondary and postsecondary students with entry-level skills and an understanding of current printing technology. It contains lesson plans based on entry-level competencies for offset lithography as identified by educators and industry representatives. The guide is divided into 15…

  13. 20 CFR 627.708 - Offset process.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Offset process. 627.708 Section 627.708 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR GENERAL PROVISIONS GOVERNING... process. (a) In accordance with section 164(d) of the Act, the primary sanction for misexpenditure of...

  14. 20 CFR 627.708 - Offset process.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Offset process. 627.708 Section 627.708 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR GENERAL PROVISIONS GOVERNING... process. (a) In accordance with section 164(d) of the Act, the primary sanction for misexpenditure of...

  15. 34 CFR 31.11 - Offset process.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Offset process. 31.11 Section 31.11 Education Office of... UNITED STATES UNDER PROGRAMS ADMINISTERED BY THE SECRETARY OF EDUCATION § 31.11 Offset process. (a) The... provisions of 4 CFR 102.4. (e) The Secretary effects an offset under this part against payments owing to...

  16. 7 CFR 3550.210 - Offsets.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... U.S.C. 3720a and 31 CFR 285.2. (b) Salary offset. Offset of claims due to RHS may be collected pursuant to the salary offset provisions in 7 CFR part 3, subpart C for a federal employee or other persons... recover delinquent claims due to it in accordance with the procedures in 7 CFR part 3, subpart B....

  17. 31 CFR 285.7 - Salary offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... offsets directly from a paying agency, rather than through TOP. See 5 CFR 550.1101 through 550.1108. (2... the same meaning as that term is defined in 5 CFR 550.1103. Federal employee means a current employee... disposable pay in accordance with 5 CFR 550.1103. (g) Offset amount. (1) The amount offset from a...

  18. 24 CFR 17.128 - Notice requirements before offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Notice requirements before offset. 17.128 Section 17.128 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary, Department of Housing and Urban Development ADMINISTRATIVE CLAIMS Procedures for the Collection of Claims by the Government Salary Offset Provisions § 17.128...

  19. 22 CFR 213.22 - Salary offset when USAID is the creditor agency.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Salary offset when USAID is the creditor agency... Administrative Offset § 213.22 Salary offset when USAID is the creditor agency. (a) Due process requirements... through salary offset, USAID will first provide the employee with the opportunity to pay in full...

  20. Offset truss hex solar concentrator

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    White, John E. (Inventor); Sturgis, James D. (Inventor); Erikson, Raymond J. (Inventor); Waligroski, Gregg A. (Inventor); Scott, Michael A. (Inventor)

    1991-01-01

    A solar energy concentrator system comprises an offset reflector structure made up of a plurality of solar energy reflector panel sections interconnected with one another to form a piecewise approximation of a portion of a (parabolic) surface of revolution rotated about a prescribed focal axis. Each panel section is comprised of a plurality of reflector facets whose reflective surfaces effectively focus reflected light to preselected surface portions of the interior sidewall of a cylindrically shaped solar energy receiver. The longitudinal axis of the receiver is tilted at an acute angle with respect to the optical axis such that the distribution of focussed solar energy over the interior surface of the solar engine is optimized for dynamic solar energy conversion. Each reflector panel section comprises a flat, hexagonally shaped truss support framework and a plurality of beam members interconnecting diametrically opposed corners of the hexagonal framework recessed within which a plurality of (spherically) contoured reflector facets is disposed. The depth of the framework and the beam members is greater than the thickness of a reflector facet such that a reflector facet may be tilted (for controlling the effective focus of its reflected light through the receiver aperture) without protruding from the panel section.

  1. Offset weap rib concept and development

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Woods, A. A., Jr.

    1980-01-01

    The applicability of the Wrap rib antenna design for offset feed configurations for antennas up to 300 m in diameter was assessed. The antenna design was defined for both symmetric and offset configurations in terms of surface quality, cost, weight, and mechanical complexity. A supporting deployable feed support structure was developed and characterized.

  2. 7 CFR 1951.111 - Salary offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 CFR part 766. In addition, for Farm Loan Programs direct loans, salary offset will not be... rights in accordance with 7 CFR part 766. For Farm Loan Programs guaranteed debtors, this notice will be... Offset procedures (7 CFR Part 3, Subpart B, § 3.32). (p) Coordination with other agencies. (1) If FmHA...

  3. 7 CFR 1951.111 - Salary offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... Offset procedures (7 CFR Part 3, Subpart B, § 3.32). (p) Coordination with other agencies. (1) If FmHA or... 7 CFR part 766. In addition, for Farm Loan Programs direct loans, salary offset will not be... rights in accordance with 7 CFR part 766. For Farm Loan Programs guaranteed debtors, this notice will...

  4. 7 CFR 1951.111 - Salary offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 CFR part 766. In addition, for Farm Loan Programs direct loans, salary offset will not be... rights in accordance with 7 CFR part 766. For Farm Loan Programs guaranteed debtors, this notice will be... Offset procedures (7 CFR Part 3, Subpart B, § 3.32). (p) Coordination with other agencies. (1) If FmHA...

  5. Offset lenses add versatility to phototypesetting machine

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    James, A. M.

    1966-01-01

    Offset lenses facilitate the composition of inputs of other than straight baseline characters on the Photon phototypesetting machine. A number of lenses in the turret are mounted in an offset pattern that causes characters projected through them to fall on the photographic paper in the magazine above and below the baseline.

  6. Turbine blade tip with offset squealer

    DOEpatents

    Bunker, Ronald Scott

    2001-01-01

    An industrial turbine assembly comprises a plurality of rotating blade portions in a spaced relation with a stationary shroud. The rotating blade includes a root section, an airfoil having a pressure sidewall and a suction sidewall defining an outer periphery and a tip portion having a tip cap. An offset squealer is disposed on the tip cap. The offset squealer is positioned inward from the outer periphery of the rotating blade. The offset squealer increases the flow resistance and reduces the flow of hot gas flow leakage for a given pressure differential across the blade tip portion so as to improve overall turbine efficiency.

  7. Great apes and biodiversity offset projects in Africa: the case for national offset strategies.

    PubMed

    Kormos, Rebecca; Kormos, Cyril F; Humle, Tatyana; Lanjouw, Annette; Rainer, Helga; Victurine, Ray; Mittermeier, Russell A; Diallo, Mamadou S; Rylands, Anthony B; Williamson, Elizabeth A

    2014-01-01

    The development and private sectors are increasingly considering "biodiversity offsets" as a strategy to compensate for their negative impacts on biodiversity, including impacts on great apes and their habitats in Africa. In the absence of national offset policies in sub-Saharan Africa, offset design and implementation are guided by company internal standards, lending bank standards or international best practice principles. We examine four projects in Africa that are seeking to compensate for their negative impacts on great ape populations. Our assessment of these projects reveals that not all apply or implement best practices, and that there is little standardization in the methods used to measure losses and gains in species numbers. Even if they were to follow currently accepted best-practice principles, we find that these actions may still fail to contribute to conservation objectives over the long term. We advocate for an alternative approach in which biodiversity offset and compensation projects are designed and implemented as part of a National Offset Strategy that (1) takes into account the cumulative impacts of development in individual countries, (2) identifies priority offset sites, (3) promotes aggregated offsets, and (4) integrates biodiversity offset and compensation projects with national biodiversity conservation objectives. We also propose supplementary principles necessary for biodiversity offsets to contribute to great ape conservation in Africa. Caution should still be exercised, however, with regard to offsets until further field-based evidence of their effectiveness is available. PMID:25372894

  8. Influence of Lift Offset on Rotorcraft Performance

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Johnson, Wayne

    2009-01-01

    The influence of lift offset on the performance of several rotorcraft configurations is explored. A lift-offset rotor, or advancing blade concept, is a hingeless rotor that can attain good efficiency at high speed by operating with more lift on the advancing side than on the retreating side of the rotor disk. The calculated performance capability of modern-technology coaxial rotors utilizing a lift offset is examined, including rotor performance optimized for hover and high-speed cruise. The ideal induced power loss of coaxial rotors in hover and twin rotors in forward flight is presented. The aerodynamic modeling requirements for performance calculations are evaluated, including wake and drag models for the high-speed flight condition. The influence of configuration on the performance of rotorcraft with lift-offset rotors is explored, considering tandem and side-by-side rotorcraft as well as wing-rotor lift share.

  9. Finite-difference migration to zero offset

    SciTech Connect

    Li, Jianchao

    1992-07-01

    Migration to zero offset (MZO), also called dip moveout (DMO) or prestack partial migration, transforms prestack offset seismic data into approximate zero-offset data so as to remove reflection point smear and obtain quality stacked results over a range of reflector dips. MZO has become an important step in standard seismic data processing, and a variety of frequency-wavenumber (f-k) and integral MZO algorithms have been used in practice to date. Here, I present a finite-difference MZO algorithm applied to normal-moveout (NMO)-corrected, common-offset sections. This algorithm employs a traditional poststack 15-degree finite-difference migration algorithm and a special velocity function rather than the true migration velocity. This paper shows results of implementation of this MZO algorithm when velocity varies with depth, and discusses the possibility of applying this algorithm to cases where velocity varies with both depth and horizontal distance.

  10. Finite-difference migration to zero offset

    SciTech Connect

    Li, Jianchao.

    1992-01-01

    Migration to zero offset (MZO), also called dip moveout (DMO) or prestack partial migration, transforms prestack offset seismic data into approximate zero-offset data so as to remove reflection point smear and obtain quality stacked results over a range of reflector dips. MZO has become an important step in standard seismic data processing, and a variety of frequency-wavenumber (f-k) and integral MZO algorithms have been used in practice to date. Here, I present a finite-difference MZO algorithm applied to normal-moveout (NMO)-corrected, common-offset sections. This algorithm employs a traditional poststack 15-degree finite-difference migration algorithm and a special velocity function rather than the true migration velocity. This paper shows results of implementation of this MZO algorithm when velocity varies with depth, and discusses the possibility of applying this algorithm to cases where velocity varies with both depth and horizontal distance.

  11. Can Exercise Offset Alcohol's Damaging Effects?

    MedlinePlus

    ... html Can Exercise Offset Alcohol's Damaging Effects? Even gardening, brisk walking may reduce your risk of booze- ... This includes brisk walking, bicycling, ballroom dancing and gardening. Exercising up to 300 minutes weekly results in ...

  12. Influence of Lift Offset on Rotorcraft Performance

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Johnson, Wayne

    2008-01-01

    The influence of lift offset on the performance of several rotorcraft configurations is explored. A lift-offset rotor, or advancing blade concept, is a hingeless rotor that can attain good efficiency at high speed, by operating with more lift on the advancing side than on the retreating side of the rotor disk. The calculated performance capability of modern-technology coaxial rotors utilizing a lift offset is examined, including rotor performance optimized for hover and high-speed cruise. The ideal induced power loss of coaxial rotors in hover and twin rotors in forward flight is presented. The aerodynamic modeling requirements for performance calculations are evaluated, including wake and drag models for the high speed flight condition. The influence of configuration on the performance of rotorcraft with lift-offset rotors is explored, considering tandem and side-by-side rotorcraft as well as wing-rotor lift share.

  13. Frequency-offset separated oscillatory fields

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vutha, A. C.; Hessels, E. A.

    2015-11-01

    A frequency-offset separated-oscillatory-field technique is presented. The technique is a modification of the Ramsey method of separated oscillatory fields [Phys. Rev. 76, 996 (1949), 10.1103/PhysRev.76.996], in which the frequencies of the two separated oscillatory fields are slightly offset from each other, so that the relative phase of the two fields varies continuously with time. With this technique, the detection signal oscillates in time at the offset frequency, and the resonance frequency is obtained by using a simple straight-line fit of the phase of this signal. The technique has the advantages of being insensitive to the frequency response of the experimental system, of being sensitive only to noise at the offset frequency, and of allowing systematic effects to be more cleanly resolved due to the simple lineshape.

  14. 13 CFR 120.1722 - SBA's offset rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... offset rights. SBA shall have the right to offset any amount owed by Lender to SBA, including, without limitation, an offset against CSA's obligation to pay Lender pursuant to any Section 504 First Mortgage...

  15. 34 CFR 31.11 - Offset process.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... provisions of 4 CFR 102.4. (e) The Secretary effects an offset under this part against payments owing to an... the provisions of 5 CFR 550.1108. (Authority: 5 U.S.C. 5514; 31 U.S.C. 3716) ... 34 Education 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Offset process. 31.11 Section 31.11 Education Office...

  16. 34 CFR 31.11 - Offset process.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... provisions of 4 CFR 102.4. (e) The Secretary effects an offset under this part against payments owing to an... the provisions of 5 CFR 550.1108. (Authority: 5 U.S.C. 5514; 31 U.S.C. 3716) ... 34 Education 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Offset process. 31.11 Section 31.11 Education Office...

  17. 34 CFR 31.11 - Offset process.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... provisions of 4 CFR 102.4. (e) The Secretary effects an offset under this part against payments owing to an... the provisions of 5 CFR 550.1108. (Authority: 5 U.S.C. 5514; 31 U.S.C. 3716) ... 34 Education 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Offset process. 31.11 Section 31.11 Education Office...

  18. 5 CFR 831.1006 - Offset from disability or survivor annuity.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Offset from disability or survivor annuity. 831.1006 Section 831.1006 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT (CONTINUED) CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) RETIREMENT CSRS Offset § 831.1006 Offset from disability or survivor annuity. (a) OPM will reduce the...

  19. 5 CFR 831.1006 - Offset from disability or survivor annuity.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Offset from disability or survivor annuity. 831.1006 Section 831.1006 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT (CONTINUED) CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) RETIREMENT CSRS Offset § 831.1006 Offset from disability...

  20. 5 CFR 831.1006 - Offset from disability or survivor annuity.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Offset from disability or survivor annuity. 831.1006 Section 831.1006 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT (CONTINUED) CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) RETIREMENT CSRS Offset § 831.1006 Offset from disability or survivor annuity. (a) OPM will reduce the...

  1. Great Apes and Biodiversity Offset Projects in Africa: The Case for National Offset Strategies

    PubMed Central

    Kormos, Rebecca; Kormos, Cyril F.; Humle, Tatyana; Lanjouw, Annette; Rainer, Helga; Victurine, Ray; Mittermeier, Russell A.; Diallo, Mamadou S.; Rylands, Anthony B.; Williamson, Elizabeth A.

    2014-01-01

    The development and private sectors are increasingly considering “biodiversity offsets” as a strategy to compensate for their negative impacts on biodiversity, including impacts on great apes and their habitats in Africa. In the absence of national offset policies in sub-Saharan Africa, offset design and implementation are guided by company internal standards, lending bank standards or international best practice principles. We examine four projects in Africa that are seeking to compensate for their negative impacts on great ape populations. Our assessment of these projects reveals that not all apply or implement best practices, and that there is little standardization in the methods used to measure losses and gains in species numbers. Even if they were to follow currently accepted best-practice principles, we find that these actions may still fail to contribute to conservation objectives over the long term. We advocate for an alternative approach in which biodiversity offset and compensation projects are designed and implemented as part of a National Offset Strategy that (1) takes into account the cumulative impacts of development in individual countries, (2) identifies priority offset sites, (3) promotes aggregated offsets, and (4) integrates biodiversity offset and compensation projects with national biodiversity conservation objectives. We also propose supplementary principles necessary for biodiversity offsets to contribute to great ape conservation in Africa. Caution should still be exercised, however, with regard to offsets until further field-based evidence of their effectiveness is available. PMID:25372894

  2. 13 CFR 140.2 - What is a debt and how can the SBA collect it through offset?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... collect it through offset? 140.2 Section 140.2 Business Credit and Assistance SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION DEBT COLLECTION Offset § 140.2 What is a debt and how can the SBA collect it through offset? (a) A.... (1) Administrative offset. SBA may withhold money it owes to the debtor in order to satisfy the...

  3. 13 CFR 140.2 - What is a debt and how can the SBA collect it through offset?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... collect it through offset? 140.2 Section 140.2 Business Credit and Assistance SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION DEBT COLLECTION Offset § 140.2 What is a debt and how can the SBA collect it through offset? (a) A.... (1) Administrative offset. SBA may withhold money it owes to the debtor in order to satisfy the...

  4. 12 CFR 608.821 - Collection by offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... Banks and Banking FARM CREDIT ADMINISTRATION ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS COLLECTION OF CLAIMS OWED THE... administrative offset shall be accomplished in accordance with the provisions of these regulations, of 4 CFR 102.3, and 5 CFR part 550, subpart K. It is not necessary for the debt to be reduced to judgment or...

  5. 12 CFR 608.821 - Collection by offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... Banks and Banking FARM CREDIT ADMINISTRATION ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS COLLECTION OF CLAIMS OWED THE... administrative offset shall be accomplished in accordance with the provisions of these regulations, of 4 CFR 102.3, and 5 CFR part 550, subpart K. It is not necessary for the debt to be reduced to judgment or...

  6. 12 CFR 608.821 - Collection by offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Banks and Banking FARM CREDIT ADMINISTRATION ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS COLLECTION OF CLAIMS OWED THE... administrative offset shall be accomplished in accordance with the provisions of these regulations, of 4 CFR 102.3, and 5 CFR part 550, subpart K. It is not necessary for the debt to be reduced to judgment or...

  7. 12 CFR 608.821 - Collection by offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... Banks and Banking FARM CREDIT ADMINISTRATION ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS COLLECTION OF CLAIMS OWED THE... administrative offset shall be accomplished in accordance with the provisions of these regulations, of 4 CFR 102.3, and 5 CFR part 550, subpart K. It is not necessary for the debt to be reduced to judgment or...

  8. 12 CFR 608.821 - Collection by offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Banks and Banking FARM CREDIT ADMINISTRATION ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS COLLECTION OF CLAIMS OWED THE... administrative offset shall be accomplished in accordance with the provisions of these regulations, of 4 CFR 102.3, and 5 CFR part 550, subpart K. It is not necessary for the debt to be reduced to judgment or...

  9. 22 CFR 213.22 - Salary offset when USAID is the creditor agency.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Salary offset when USAID is the creditor agency. 213.22 Section 213.22 Foreign Relations AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT CLAIMS COLLECTION Administrative Offset § 213.22 Salary offset when USAID is the creditor agency. (a) Due process...

  10. 22 CFR 213.22 - Salary offset when USAID is the creditor agency.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Salary offset when USAID is the creditor agency. 213.22 Section 213.22 Foreign Relations AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT CLAIMS COLLECTION Administrative Offset § 213.22 Salary offset when USAID is the creditor agency. (a) Due process...

  11. 22 CFR 213.22 - Salary offset when USAID is the creditor agency.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Salary offset when USAID is the creditor agency. 213.22 Section 213.22 Foreign Relations AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT CLAIMS COLLECTION Administrative Offset § 213.22 Salary offset when USAID is the creditor agency. (a) Due process...

  12. 22 CFR 213.22 - Salary offset when USAID is the creditor agency.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Salary offset when USAID is the creditor agency. 213.22 Section 213.22 Foreign Relations AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT CLAIMS COLLECTION Administrative Offset § 213.22 Salary offset when USAID is the creditor agency. (a) Due process...

  13. 5 CFR 831.1006 - Offset from disability or survivor annuity.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Offset from disability or survivor...) CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) RETIREMENT CSRS Offset § 831.1006 Offset from disability or survivor annuity. (a) OPM will reduce the disability annuity (an annuity under 5 U.S.C. 8337) of...

  14. Off-set stabilizer for comparator output

    DOEpatents

    Lunsford, James S.

    1991-01-01

    A stabilized off-set voltage is input as the reference voltage to a comparator. In application to a time-interval meter, the comparator output generates a timing interval which is independent of drift in the initial voltage across the timing capacitor. A precision resistor and operational amplifier charge a capacitor to a voltage which is precisely offset from the initial voltage. The capacitance of the reference capacitor is selected so that substantially no voltage drop is obtained in the reference voltage applied to the comparator during the interval to be measured.

  15. Offset wrap rib antenna concept development

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Woods, A. A., Jr.

    1981-01-01

    A program to demonstrate large diameter offset reflector technology readiness through the development of ground testable, flight representative full size hardware also aims to provide a basis of data to allow confirmation of cost, performance, and size growth projections for the offset wrap ribe antenna design. An overview of the antenna system is presented and the operational deployment sequence examined. The ability to manufacture multiple segment ribs is assured and tooling for rib manufacture was redesigned to reduce cost. The selected mast design permits adequate stiffness and minimum stowed volume. Reflector and mast concerns and the program plan are summarized.

  16. 5 CFR 837.702 - Offset from supplemental survivor annuity.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Offset from supplemental survivor annuity. 837.702 Section 837.702 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT (CONTINUED) CIVIL... survivor annuity. (a) OPM will reduce a supplemental survivor annuity (an annuity under 5 U.S.C....

  17. 7 CFR 1951.111 - Salary offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 14 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Salary offset. 1951.111 Section 1951.111 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE, RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, AND FARM SERVICE AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) PROGRAM REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) SERVICING...

  18. Detecting Problematic Observer Offsets in Sparse Photometry

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Calderwood, T.

    2014-06-01

    A heuristic method, based upon histogram analysis, is presented for detecting offsets pervasive enough to be symptoms of problematic observing technique or calibration. This method is illustrated by a study of scatter in AAVSO photoelectric photometry (PEP) for five well-observed variable stars.

  19. Detecting Problematic Observer Offsets in Sparse Photometry

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Calderwood, Tom

    2014-05-01

    A heuristic method, based upon histogram analysis, is presented for detecting offsets pervasive enough to be symptoms of problematic observing technique or calibration. This method is illustrated by a study of scatter in AAVSO photoelectric photometry (PEP) for five well-observed variable stars.

  20. 7 CFR 1951.111 - Salary offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 CFR part 766. In addition, for Farm Loan Programs direct loans, salary offset will not be... authority may not be redelegated. (2) Certifying Officials are authorized to advise the Finance Office to... similar actions involving USDA Agency employees. (3) The Finance Office is authorized to...

  1. Instrument accurately measures weld angle and offset

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Boyd, W. G.

    1967-01-01

    Weld angle is measured to the nearest arc minute and offset to one thousandth of an inch by an instrument designed to use a reference plane at two locations on a test coupon. A special table for computation has been prepared for use with the instrument.

  2. A Simple Joint Estimation Method of Residual Frequency Offset and Sampling Frequency Offset for DVB Systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kwon, Ki-Won; Cho, Yongsoo

    This letter presents a simple joint estimation method for residual frequency offset (RFO) and sampling frequency offset (STO) in OFDM-based digital video broadcasting (DVB) systems. The proposed method selects a continual pilot (CP) subset from an unsymmetrically and non-uniformly distributed CP set to obtain an unbiased estimator. Simulation results show that the proposed method using a properly selected CP subset is unbiased and performs robustly.

  3. 22 CFR 1506.6 - Collection by offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... Foreign Relations AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT FOUNDATION COLLECTION OF CLAIMS § 1506.6 Collection by offset. (a... administrative charges. If the African Development Foundation later sustains or amends its determination, it... contracting officer's decision. (d) The African Development Foundation will promptly make requests for...

  4. 45 CFR 33.4 - Notice requirements before offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... accordance with 31 CFR 901.9 and § 30.18 of this title; (5) The employee's right to inspect and copy all....4 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION SALARY OFFSET § 33.4... not to exceed 15 percent of disposable pay, the frequency, the commencement date, and the duration...

  5. 45 CFR 33.4 - Notice requirements before offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... accordance with 31 CFR 901.9 and § 30.18 of this title; (5) The employee's right to inspect and copy all....4 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION SALARY OFFSET § 33.4... not to exceed 15 percent of disposable pay, the frequency, the commencement date, and the duration...

  6. 5 CFR 837.701 - Offset from supplemental annuity.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Offset from supplemental annuity. 837.701... exceeding 40 years; and (B) The denominator of which is 40. (d) Cost-of-living adjustments under 5 U.S.C...) or section 215(d)(5)(ii) of the Social Security Act (relating to part of the computation of...

  7. 5 CFR 179.206 - Notice requirements before offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ....206 Section 179.206 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS... the FCCS, 4 CFR 101.1 et seq. (§ 179.214); (5) The employee's right to inspect and copy all records of... schedule for repayment of the debt in lieu of offset (4 CFR 102.2(e)). The agreement must contain...

  8. 45 CFR 33.4 - Notice requirements before offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... accordance with 31 CFR 901.9 and § 30.18 of this title; (5) The employee's right to inspect and copy all....4 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION SALARY OFFSET § 33.4... part, the Secretary shall mail, by first class mail, to the employee's last known address, a...

  9. 21 CFR 176.130 - Anti-offset substances.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 3 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Anti-offset substances. 176.130 Section 176.130 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION (CONTINUED) INDIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES: PAPER AND PAPERBOARD COMPONENTS Substances for Use Only as Components of Paper...

  10. 5 CFR 179.206 - Notice requirements before offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ....206 Section 179.206 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS... the FCCS, 4 CFR 101.1 et seq. (§ 179.214); (5) The employee's right to inspect and copy all records of... schedule for repayment of the debt in lieu of offset (4 CFR 102.2(e)). The agreement must contain...

  11. Mechanism of reverse-offset printing

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Choi, Young-Man; Lee, Eonseok; Lee, Taik-Min

    2015-07-01

    We propose a mechanism for reverse-offset printing based on a mathematical model. In reverse-offset printing, high resolution is achieved by patterning a coated, thin ink film with an intaglio-patterned cliché. By using the relationships among the ink blanket adhesion strength, the ink cliché adhesion strength, and the ink cohesion strength, a criterion for successful patterning is derived. We found that there is a printing window in the ink blanket adhesion strength that depends on the shear strength of the ink film and the dimensions of the pattern. The printing window diminishes as the line width decreases, resulting in a minimum printable line width. The proposed mechanism was verified by printing patterns with various shapes and dimensions.

  12. Temporal offsets among solar activity indicators

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ramesh, K. B.; Vasantharaju, N.

    2014-04-01

    Temporal offsets between the time series of solar activity indicators provide important clues regarding the physical processes responsible for the cyclic variability in the solar atmosphere. Hysteresis patterns generated between any two indicators were popularly used to study their morphological features and further to understand their inter relationships. We use time series of different solar indicators to understand the possible cause-and-effect criteria between their respective source regions. Sensitivity of the upper atmosphere to the activity underneath might play an important role in introducing different evolutionary patterns in the profiles of solar indicators and in turn cause temporal offsets between them. Limitations in the observations may also cause relative shifts in the time series.

  13. Offset wrap rib antenna concept development

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Woods, A. A., Jr.; Garcia, N. F.

    1982-01-01

    The demonstration of 50 to 150 m, STS compatible, offset antenna technology readiness is reported. Fabrication of a ground and flight testable partial 55 m reflector section and feed support structure is discussed. Reduction to practice through ground test verification is presently contained in the program. Key objectives for the program include the design of a compatible feed support structure and the fabrication and testing of critical components.

  14. Has the San Gabriel fault been offset

    SciTech Connect

    Sheehan, J.R.

    1988-03-01

    The San Gabriel fault (SGF) in southern California is a right-lateral, strike-slip fault extending for 85 mi in an arcuate, southwestward-bowing curve from near the San Andreas fault at Frazier Mountain to its intersection with the left-lateral San Antonio Canyon fault (SACF) in the eastern San Gabriel Mountains. Termination of the SGF at the presently active SACF is abrupt and prompts the question Has the San Gabriel Fault been offset. Tectonic and geometric relationships in the area suggest that the SGF has been offset approximately 6 mi in a left-lateral sense and that the offset continuation of the SGF, across the SACF, is the right-lateral, strike-slip San Jacinto fault (SJF), which also terminates at the SACF. Reversing the left-lateral movement on the SACF to rejoin the offset ends of the SGF and SJF reveals a fault trace that is remarkably similar in geometry and movement (and perhaps in tectonic history), to the trace of the San Andreas fault through the southern part of the San Bernardino Mountains. The relationship of the Sierra Madre-Cucamonga fault system to the restored SGF-SJF fault is strikingly similar to the relationship of the Banning fault to the Mission Creek-Mill Creek portion of the San Andreas fault. Structural relations suggest that the San Gabriel-San Jacinto system predates the San Andreas fault in the eastern San Gabriel Mountains and that continuing movement on the SACF is currently affecting the trace of the San Andreas fault in the Cajon Pass area.

  15. 10 CFR 1015.209 - Tax refund offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... offset as part of Treasury's mandatory centralized offset at 31 CFR 285.2, Offset of Tax Refund to Collect Past-Due, Legally Enforceable Non-tax Debt. DOE has adopted 31 U.S.C. 3720A and 31 CFR 285.2 in... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Tax refund offset. 1015.209 Section 1015.209...

  16. 29 CFR 1650.110 - Implementation of salary offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 4 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Implementation of salary offset. 1650.110 Section 1650.110 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY COMMISSION DEBT COLLECTION Procedures for the Collection of Debts by Salary Offset § 1650.110 Implementation of salary offset. (a) Method of collection. A debt will...

  17. 29 CFR 4903.32 - Tax refund offset procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... CFR 301.6402-6(d)(1)) constitutes a reasonable attempt to notify a debtor. (2) A debtor will have at... 29 Labor 9 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Tax refund offset procedures. 4903.32 Section 4903.32 Labor... RULES AND PROCEDURES DEBT COLLECTION Tax Refund Offset § 4903.32 Tax refund offset procedures....

  18. 29 CFR 1650.110 - Implementation of salary offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Implementation of salary offset. 1650.110 Section 1650.110 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY COMMISSION DEBT COLLECTION Procedures for the Collection of Debts by Salary Offset § 1650.110 Implementation of salary offset....

  19. 19 CFR 159.64 - Distribution of offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 2 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Distribution of offset. 159.64 Section 159.64 Customs Duties U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) LIQUIDATION OF DUTIES Continued Dumping and Subsidy Offset § 159.64 Distribution of offset. (a) The creation of Special...

  20. 34 CFR 32.7 - Pre-offset oral hearing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Pre-offset oral hearing. 32.7 Section 32.7 Education Office of the Secretary, Department of Education SALARY OFFSET TO RECOVER OVERPAYMENTS OF PAY OR ALLOWANCES FROM DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION EMPLOYEES § 32.7 Pre-offset oral hearing. (a) Oral hearings...

  1. 45 CFR 607.8 - Procedures for salary offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Procedures for salary offset. 607.8 Section 607.8 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION SALARY OFFSET § 607.8 Procedures for salary offset. (a) Deductions to liquidate an employee's debt will be...

  2. 7 CFR 3.74 - Notice requirements before offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... the employee to: (1) Disciplinary procedures appropriate under 5 U.S.C. chapter 75, 5 CFR part 752, or... Agriculture Office of the Secretary of Agriculture DEBT MANAGEMENT Federal Salary Offset § 3.74 Notice requirements before offset. Except as provided in paragraph (b) of this section, salary offset will not be...

  3. 22 CFR 1007.8 - Procedures for salary offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Procedures for salary offset. 1007.8 Section 1007.8 Foreign Relations INTER-AMERICAN FOUNDATION SALARY OFFSET § 1007.8 Procedures for salary offset. (a) Deductions to liquidate an employee's debt will be by the method and in the amount stated in...

  4. 22 CFR 1007.8 - Procedures for salary offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2013-04-01 2009-04-01 true Procedures for salary offset. 1007.8 Section 1007.8 Foreign Relations INTER-AMERICAN FOUNDATION SALARY OFFSET § 1007.8 Procedures for salary offset. (a) Deductions to liquidate an employee's debt will be by the method and in the amount stated in...

  5. 22 CFR 1007.8 - Procedures for salary offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2011-04-01 2009-04-01 true Procedures for salary offset. 1007.8 Section 1007.8 Foreign Relations INTER-AMERICAN FOUNDATION SALARY OFFSET § 1007.8 Procedures for salary offset. (a) Deductions to liquidate an employee's debt will be by the method and in the amount stated in...

  6. 22 CFR 1007.8 - Procedures for salary offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Procedures for salary offset. 1007.8 Section 1007.8 Foreign Relations INTER-AMERICAN FOUNDATION SALARY OFFSET § 1007.8 Procedures for salary offset. (a) Deductions to liquidate an employee's debt will be by the method and in the amount stated in...

  7. 22 CFR 1007.8 - Procedures for salary offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2012-04-01 2009-04-01 true Procedures for salary offset. 1007.8 Section 1007.8 Foreign Relations INTER-AMERICAN FOUNDATION SALARY OFFSET § 1007.8 Procedures for salary offset. (a) Deductions to liquidate an employee's debt will be by the method and in the amount stated in...

  8. 34 CFR 32.7 - Pre-offset oral hearing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 34 Education 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Pre-offset oral hearing. 32.7 Section 32.7 Education Office of the Secretary, Department of Education SALARY OFFSET TO RECOVER OVERPAYMENTS OF PAY OR ALLOWANCES FROM DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION EMPLOYEES § 32.7 Pre-offset oral hearing. (a) Oral hearings...

  9. 45 CFR 607.8 - Procedures for salary offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Procedures for salary offset. 607.8 Section 607.8 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION SALARY OFFSET § 607.8 Procedures for salary offset. (a) Deductions to liquidate an employee's debt will be...

  10. 45 CFR 607.8 - Procedures for salary offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Procedures for salary offset. 607.8 Section 607.8 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION SALARY OFFSET § 607.8 Procedures for salary offset. (a) Deductions to liquidate an employee's debt will be...

  11. 45 CFR 607.8 - Procedures for salary offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Procedures for salary offset. 607.8 Section 607.8 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION SALARY OFFSET § 607.8 Procedures for salary offset. (a) Deductions to liquidate an employee's debt will be...

  12. 45 CFR 607.8 - Procedures for salary offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Procedures for salary offset. 607.8 Section 607.8 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION SALARY OFFSET § 607.8 Procedures for salary offset. (a) Deductions to liquidate an employee's debt will be...

  13. Structure of three-dimensional turbulent offset jets with small offset distances

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Agelin-Chaab, Martin; Tachie, Mark

    2009-11-01

    An offset jet is a jet that discharges into a medium above a wall which is offset by a certain distance. The ``Coanda effect'' forces the offset jet to deflect towards the wall and eventually attaches itself to the wall. The only detailed study of three-dimensional offset jets (3DOJs) did not report the flow field in the region from the jet exit to the point where the jet attaches itself to the wall. In this region flow reversal is expected. Velocity measurements of 3DOJs were conducted using particle image velocimetry. The 3DOJs have different jet exit offset distances (h) normalized by the jet exit diameter (d) of h/d = 0.5 to 4. The Reynolds numbers based on the jet exit velocities and jet exit diameters were 5000, 10000 and 20000. The detailed flow fields of the 3DOJs were examined in terms of mean velocities, and one-point turbulence statistics. In view of the wide range of length and temporal scales that are present in turbulent flows, multi-point turbulence statistics such as two-point velocity correlations and proper orthogonal decomposition are used to document the salient features of 3DOJs.

  14. Interior micro-CT with an offset detector

    SciTech Connect

    Sharma, Kriti Sen; Gong, Hao; Ghasemalizadeh, Omid; Yu, Hengyong; Wang, Ge

    2014-06-15

    Purpose: The size of field-of-view (FOV) of a microcomputed tomography (CT) system can be increased by offsetting the detector. The increased FOV is beneficial in many applications. All prior investigations, however, have been focused to the case in which the increased FOV after offset-detector acquisition can cover the transaxial extent of an object fully. Here, the authors studied a new problem where the FOV of a micro-CT system, although increased after offset-detector acquisition, still covers an interior region-of-interest (ROI) within the object. Methods: An interior-ROI-oriented micro-CT scan with an offset detector poses a difficult reconstruction problem, which is caused by both detector offset and projection truncation. Using the projection completion techniques, the authors first extended three previous reconstruction methods from offset-detector micro-CT to offset-detector interior micro-CT. The authors then proposed a novel method which combines two of the extended methods using a frequency split technique. The authors tested the four methods with phantom simulations at 9.4%, 18.8%, 28.2%, and 37.6% detector offset. The authors also applied these methods to physical phantom datasets acquired at the same amounts of detector offset from a customized micro-CT system. Results: When the detector offset was small, all reconstruction methods showed good image quality. At large detector offset, the three extended methods gave either visible shading artifacts or high deviation of pixel value, while the authors’ proposed method demonstrated no visible artifacts and minimal deviation of pixel value in both the numerical simulations and physical experiments. Conclusions: For an interior micro-CT with an offset detector, the three extended reconstruction methods can perform well at a small detector offset but show strong artifacts at a large detector offset. When the detector offset is large, the authors’ proposed reconstruction method can outperform the three

  15. Focal axis resolver for offset reflector antennas

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Schmidt, R. F.

    1980-01-01

    Described are electrical means for determining the focal axis of an offset reflector antenna whose physical rim is not coincident with the boundary of the electrical aperture. Even and odd sensing functions are employed in the focal region, leading to both amplitude and phase criteria for resolving a focal axis generally inclined with respect to the system axis. The analytical aspects of the problem are discussed, and an example related to a 4-meter Large-Antenna Multiple-Frequency Microwave Radiometer (LAMMR) is included. The technique is useful for focal axis determination in mathematical simulations and in the physical world.

  16. Dipmeter helps in siting successful Wilcox offsets

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1988-03-01

    Practically used, dipmeter logs or dip logs can be used to more accurately map subsurface stratigraphic traps. After drilling into a seismically defined target in far southwestern Mississippi, R.E. Williams Oil and Gas Co. geologists and their logging advisors were able to site and drill six successful offset locations to a 1984 discovery in a Wilcox point bar sandstone by applying a stratigraphic dipmeter tool. Interpretation steps leaching up to the drilling of each of these wells are reviewed in the following text.

  17. Frequency-offset separated oscillatory fields technique

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bezginov, N.; Vutha, A. C.; Ferchichi, I.; Storry, C. H.; Hessels, E. A.

    2015-05-01

    Improved measurements in atomic hydrogen are needed to shed light on the proton radius puzzle. We are measuring the Lamb shift in hydrogen (n = 2 ,S1 / 2 -->P1 / 2) using a frequency-offset separated oscillatory fields (FOSOF) method. The advantages of this method include its insensitivity to atomic beam intensity fluctuations and the microwave-system frequency response. We present experimental results obtained with this method, towards a new measurement of the proton charge radius. We acknowledge funding from NSERC, CFI, CRC, ORF, and NIST.

  18. 12 CFR 608.841 - Requesting current paying agency to offset salary.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Requesting current paying agency to offset salary. 608.841 Section 608.841 Banks and Banking FARM CREDIT ADMINISTRATION ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS COLLECTION OF CLAIMS OWED THE UNITED STATES Offset Against Salary § 608.841 Requesting current paying...

  19. 12 CFR 608.841 - Requesting current paying agency to offset salary.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 7 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Requesting current paying agency to offset salary. 608.841 Section 608.841 Banks and Banking FARM CREDIT ADMINISTRATION ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS COLLECTION OF CLAIMS OWED THE UNITED STATES Offset Against Salary § 608.841 Requesting current paying...

  20. 12 CFR 608.841 - Requesting current paying agency to offset salary.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Requesting current paying agency to offset salary. 608.841 Section 608.841 Banks and Banking FARM CREDIT ADMINISTRATION ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS COLLECTION OF CLAIMS OWED THE UNITED STATES Offset Against Salary § 608.841 Requesting current paying...

  1. 12 CFR 608.841 - Requesting current paying agency to offset salary.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 7 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Requesting current paying agency to offset salary. 608.841 Section 608.841 Banks and Banking FARM CREDIT ADMINISTRATION ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS COLLECTION OF CLAIMS OWED THE UNITED STATES Offset Against Salary § 608.841 Requesting current paying...

  2. 12 CFR 608.841 - Requesting current paying agency to offset salary.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 7 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Requesting current paying agency to offset salary. 608.841 Section 608.841 Banks and Banking FARM CREDIT ADMINISTRATION ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS COLLECTION OF CLAIMS OWED THE UNITED STATES Offset Against Salary § 608.841 Requesting current paying...

  3. 12 CFR 797.15 - Administrative offset against amounts payable from Civil Service Retirement and Disability Fund.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... CREDIT UNION ADMINISTRATION REGULATIONS AFFECTING THE OPERATIONS OF THE NATIONAL CREDIT UNION... regulations, as well as, the requirements set forth in 31 CFR parts 900 through 904 and OPM's regulations....

  4. 12 CFR 797.15 - Administrative offset against amounts payable from Civil Service Retirement and Disability Fund.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... CREDIT UNION ADMINISTRATION REGULATIONS AFFECTING THE OPERATIONS OF THE NATIONAL CREDIT UNION... regulations, as well as, the requirements set forth in 31 CFR parts 900 through 904 and OPM's regulations....

  5. 12 CFR 797.15 - Administrative offset against amounts payable from Civil Service Retirement and Disability Fund.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... CREDIT UNION ADMINISTRATION REGULATIONS AFFECTING THE OPERATIONS OF THE NATIONAL CREDIT UNION... regulations, as well as, the requirements set forth in 31 CFR parts 900 through 904 and OPM's regulations....

  6. 12 CFR 797.15 - Administrative offset against amounts payable from Civil Service Retirement and Disability Fund.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... CREDIT UNION ADMINISTRATION REGULATIONS AFFECTING THE OPERATIONS OF THE NATIONAL CREDIT UNION... regulations, as well as, the requirements set forth in 31 CFR parts 900 through 904 and OPM's regulations....

  7. 19 CFR 201.207 - Administrative offset against amounts payable from Civil Service Retirement and Disability Fund

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION GENERAL RULES OF GENERAL APPLICATION Debt Collection § 201.207 Administrative... Office of Personnel Management; and (3) The Commission has complied with the requirements of 31 CFR...

  8. 19 CFR 201.207 - Administrative offset against amounts payable from Civil Service Retirement and Disability Fund

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION GENERAL RULES OF GENERAL APPLICATION Debt Collection § 201.207 Administrative... Office of Personnel Management; and (3) The Commission has complied with the requirements of 31 CFR...

  9. IQ Imbalance Estimation Scheme in the Presence of DC Offset and Frequency Offset in the Frequency Domain

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Inamori, Mamiko; Takayama, Shuzo; Sanada, Yukitoshi

    Direct conversion receivers in orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) systems suffer from direct current (DC) offset, frequency offset, and IQ imbalance. We have proposed an IQ imbalance estimation scheme in the presence of DC offset and frequency offset, which uses preamble signals in the time domain. In this scheme, the DC offset is eliminated by a differential filter. However, the accuracy of IQ imbalance estimation is deteriorated when the frequency offset is small. To overcome this problem, a new IQ imbalance estimation scheme in the frequency domain with the differential filter has been proposed in this paper. The IQ imbalance is estimated with pilot subcarriers. Numerical results obtained through computer simulation show that estimation accuracy and bit error rate (BER) performance can be improved even if the frequency offset is small.

  10. OFFSET - RAY TRACING OPTICAL ANALYSIS OF OFFSET SOLAR COLLECTOR FOR SPACE STATION SOLAR DYNAMIC POWER SYSTEM

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Jefferies, K.

    1994-01-01

    OFFSET is a ray tracing computer code for optical analysis of a solar collector. The code models the flux distributions within the receiver cavity produced by reflections from the solar collector. It was developed to model the offset solar collector of the solar dynamic electric power system being developed for Space Station Freedom. OFFSET has been used to improve the understanding of the collector-receiver interface and to guide the efforts of NASA contractors also researching the optical components of the power system. The collector for Space Station Freedom consists of 19 hexagonal panels each containing 24 triangular, reflective facets. Current research is geared toward optimizing flux distribution inside the receiver via changes in collector design and receiver orientation. OFFSET offers many options for experimenting with the design of the system. The offset parabolic collector model configuration is determined by an input file of facet corner coordinates. The user may choose other configurations by changing this file, but to simulate collectors that have other than 19 groups of 24 triangular facets would require modification of the FORTRAN code. Each of the roughly 500 facets in the assembled collector may be independently aimed to smooth out, or tailor, the flux distribution on the receiver's wall. OFFSET simulates the effects of design changes such as in receiver aperture location, tilt angle, and collector facet contour. Unique features of OFFSET include: 1) equations developed to pseudo-randomly select ray originating sources on the Sun which appear evenly distributed and include solar limb darkening; 2) Cone-optics technique used to add surface specular error to the ray originating sources to determine the apparent ray sources of the reflected sun; 3) choice of facet reflective surface contour -- spherical, ideal parabolic, or toroidal; 4) Gaussian distributions of radial and tangential components of surface slope error added to the surface normals at

  11. Biodiversity offsets and the challenge of achieving no net loss.

    PubMed

    Gardner, Toby A; VON Hase, Amrei; Brownlie, Susie; Ekstrom, Jonathan M M; Pilgrim, John D; Savy, Conrad E; Stephens, R T Theo; Treweek, Jo; Ussher, Graham T; Ward, Gerri; Ten Kate, Kerry

    2013-12-01

    Businesses, governments, and financial institutions are increasingly adopting a policy of no net loss of biodiversity for development activities. The goal of no net loss is intended to help relieve tension between conservation and development by enabling economic gains to be achieved without concomitant biodiversity losses. biodiversity offsets represent a necessary component of a much broader mitigation strategy for achieving no net loss following prior application of avoidance, minimization, and remediation measures. However, doubts have been raised about the appropriate use of biodiversity offsets. We examined what no net loss means as a desirable conservation outcome and reviewed the conditions that determine whether, and under what circumstances, biodiversity offsets can help achieve such a goal. We propose a conceptual framework to substitute the often ad hoc approaches evident in many biodiversity offset initiatives. The relevance of biodiversity offsets to no net loss rests on 2 fundamental premises. First, offsets are rarely adequate for achieving no net loss of biodiversity alone. Second, some development effects may be too difficult or risky, or even impossible, to offset. To help to deliver no net loss through biodiversity offsets, biodiversity gains must be comparable to losses, be in addition to conservation gains that may have occurred in absence of the offset, and be lasting and protected from risk of failure. Adherence to these conditions requires consideration of the wider landscape context of development and offset activities, timing of offset delivery, measurement of biodiversity, accounting procedures and rule sets used to calculate biodiversity losses and gains and guide offset design, and approaches to managing risk. Adoption of this framework will strengthen the potential for offsets to provide an ecologically defensible mechanism that can help reconcile conservation and development. Balances de Biodiversidad y el Reto de No Obtener P

  12. Focal axis resolver for offset reflector antennas

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Schmidt, R. F. (Inventor)

    1983-01-01

    Method and apparatus for determining the focal axis of an asymmetrical antenna such as an offset paraboloid reflector whose physical rim is not coincident with the boundary of the electrical aperture but whose focal point is known is provided. A transmitting feed horn array consisting of at least two feed horn elements is positioned asymmetrically on either side of an estimated focal axis which is generally inclined with respect to the boresight axis of the antenna. The feed horn array is aligned with the estimated focal axis so that the phase centers (CP sub 1, CP sub 2) of the two feed horn elements are located on a common line running through the focal point (F) orthogonally with respect to the estimated focal axis.

  13. N-hexane neuropathy in offset printers.

    PubMed Central

    Chang, C M; Yu, C W; Fong, K Y; Leung, S Y; Tsin, T W; Yu, Y L; Cheung, T F; Chan, S Y

    1993-01-01

    In an offset printing factory with 56 workers, 20 (36%) developed symptomatic peripheral neuropathy due to exposure to n-hexane. Another 26 workers (46%) were found to have subclinical neuropathy. The initial change in the nerve conduction study was reduced amplitude of the sensory action potentials, followed by reduced amplitude of the motor action potentials, reduction in motor conduction velocities and increase in distal latencies. These changes indicate primary axonal degeneration with secondary demyelination. Sural nerve biopsy in a severe case showed giant axonal swellings due to accumulation of 10nm neurofilaments, myelin sheath attenuation and widening of nodal gaps. The development of neuropathy bore no direct relationship to the duration of exposure, hence factors such as individual susceptibility may be important. Optic neuropathy and CNS involvement were uncommon and autonomic neuropathy was not encountered. Images PMID:8505647

  14. Noise Prediction Module for Offset Stream Nozzles

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Henderson, Brenda S.

    2011-01-01

    A Modern Design of Experiments (MDOE) analysis of data acquired for an offset stream technology was presented. The data acquisition and concept development were funded under a Supersonics NRA NNX07AC62A awarded to Dimitri Papamoschou at University of California, Irvine. The technology involved the introduction of airfoils in the fan stream of a bypass ratio (BPR) two nozzle system operated at transonic exhaust speeds. The vanes deflected the fan stream relative to the core stream and resulted in reduced sideline noise for polar angles in the peak jet noise direction. Noise prediction models were developed for a range of vane configurations. The models interface with an existing ANOPP module and can be used or future system level studies.

  15. Net present biodiversity value and the design of biodiversity offsets.

    PubMed

    Overton, Jacob McC; Stephens, R T Theo; Ferrier, Simon

    2013-02-01

    There is an urgent need to develop sound theory and practice for biodiversity offsets to provide a better basis for offset multipliers, to improve accounting for time delays in offset repayments, and to develop a common framework for evaluating in-kind and out-of-kind offsets. Here, we apply concepts and measures from systematic conservation planning and financial accounting to provide a basis for determining equity across type (of biodiversity), space, and time. We introduce net present biodiversity value (NPBV) as a theoretical and practical measure for defining the offset required to achieve no-net-loss. For evaluating equity in type and space we use measures of biodiversity value from systematic conservation planning. Time discount rates are used to address risk of non-repayment, and loss of utility. We illustrate these concepts and measures with two examples of biodiversity impact-offset transactions. Considerable further work is required to understand the characteristics of these approaches. PMID:22956430

  16. 75 FR 71171 - Social Security Disability Program Demonstration Project: Benefit Offset National Demonstration...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-22

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ] SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION Social Security Disability Program Demonstration Project: Benefit Offset National Demonstration (BOND) AGENCY: Social Security Administration. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: We are announcing the...

  17. 49 CFR 526.5 - Earning offsetting monetary credits in future model years.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Earning offsetting monetary credits in future...) NATIONAL HIGHWAY TRAFFIC SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION PETITIONS AND PLANS FOR RELIEF UNDER THE AUTOMOBILE FUEL EFFICIENCY ACT OF 1980 § 526.5 Earning offsetting monetary credits in...

  18. 7 CFR 3.47 - Offset against amounts payable from Civil Service Retirement and Disability Fund.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... (Fund) in accordance with regulations codified at 5 CFR 831.1801 through 831.1808. Upon receipt of such... Retirement and Disability Fund. 3.47 Section 3.47 Agriculture Office of the Secretary of Agriculture DEBT MANAGEMENT Administrative Offset § 3.47 Offset against amounts payable from Civil Service Retirement...

  19. 5 CFR 1215.7 - Coordinating offset with another Federal agency.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... agency. 1215.7 Section 1215.7 Administrative Personnel MERIT SYSTEMS PROTECTION BOARD ORGANIZATION AND PROCEDURES DEBT MANAGEMENT Salary Offset § 1215.7 Coordinating offset with another Federal agency. (a) The... Personnel Management; (iii) Advise the paying agency of the amount or percentage of disposable pay to...

  20. 41 CFR 105-56.008 - Pre-offset paper hearing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Pre-offset paper hearing. 105-56.008 Section 105-56.008 Public Contracts and Property Management Federal Property Management... General Services Administration Employees § 105-56.008 Pre-offset paper hearing. If a hearing is to...

  1. 41 CFR 105-56.008 - Pre-offset paper hearing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Pre-offset paper hearing. 105-56.008 Section 105-56.008 Public Contracts and Property Management Federal Property Management... General Services Administration Employees § 105-56.008 Pre-offset paper hearing. If a hearing is to...

  2. 41 CFR 105-56.008 - Pre-offset paper hearing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Pre-offset paper hearing. 105-56.008 Section 105-56.008 Public Contracts and Property Management Federal Property Management... General Services Administration Employees § 105-56.008 Pre-offset paper hearing. If a hearing is to...

  3. 41 CFR 105-56.008 - Pre-offset paper hearing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Pre-offset paper hearing. 105-56.008 Section 105-56.008 Public Contracts and Property Management Federal Property Management... General Services Administration Employees § 105-56.008 Pre-offset paper hearing. If a hearing is to...

  4. 41 CFR 105-56.008 - Pre-offset paper hearing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Pre-offset paper hearing. 105-56.008 Section 105-56.008 Public Contracts and Property Management Federal Property Management... General Services Administration Employees § 105-56.008 Pre-offset paper hearing. If a hearing is to...

  5. Fast Offset Laser Phase-Locking System

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Shaddock, Daniel; Ware, Brent

    2008-01-01

    Figure 1 shows a simplified block diagram of an improved optoelectronic system for locking the phase of one laser to that of another laser with an adjustable offset frequency specified by the user. In comparison with prior systems, this system exhibits higher performance (including higher stability) and is much easier to use. The system is based on a field-programmable gate array (FPGA) and operates almost entirely digitally; hence, it is easily adaptable to many different systems. The system achieves phase stability of less than a microcycle. It was developed to satisfy the phase-stability requirement for a planned spaceborne gravitational-wave-detecting heterodyne laser interferometer (LISA). The system has potential terrestrial utility in communications, lidar, and other applications. The present system includes a fast phasemeter that is a companion to the microcycle-accurate one described in High-Accuracy, High-Dynamic-Range Phase-Measurement System (NPO-41927), NASA Tech Briefs, Vol. 31, No. 6 (June 2007), page 22. In the present system (as in the previously reported one), beams from the two lasers (here denoted the master and slave lasers) interfere on a photodiode. The heterodyne photodiode output is digitized and fed to the fast phasemeter, which produces suitably conditioned, low-latency analog control signals which lock the phase of the slave laser to that of the master laser. These control signals are used to drive a thermal and a piezoelectric transducer that adjust the frequency and phase of the slave-laser output. The output of the photodiode is a heterodyne signal at the difference between the frequencies of the two lasers. (The difference is currently required to be less than 20 MHz due to the Nyquist limit of the current sampling rate. We foresee few problems in doubling this limit using current equipment.) Within the phasemeter, the photodiode-output signal is digitized to 15 bits at a sampling frequency of 40 MHz by use of the same analog

  6. Economic and ecological outcomes of flexible biodiversity offset systems.

    PubMed

    Habib, Thomas J; Farr, Daniel R; Schneider, Richard R; Boutin, Stan

    2013-12-01

    The commonly expressed goal of biodiversity offsets is to achieve no net loss of specific biological features affected by development. However, strict equivalency requirements may complicate trading of offset credits, increase costs due to restricted offset placement options, and force offset activities to focus on features that may not represent regional conservation priorities. Using the oil sands industry of Alberta, Canada, as a case study, we evaluated the economic and ecological performance of alternative offset systems targeting either ecologically equivalent areas (vegetation types) or regional conservation priorities (caribou and the Dry Mixedwood natural subregion). Exchanging dissimilar biodiversity elements requires assessment via a generalized metric; we used an empirically derived index of biodiversity intactness to link offsets with losses incurred by development. We considered 2 offset activities: land protection, with costs estimated as the net present value of profits of petroleum and timber resources to be paid as compensation to resource tenure holders, and restoration of anthropogenic footprint, with costs estimated from existing restoration projects. We used the spatial optimization tool MARXAN to develop hypothetical offset networks that met either the equivalent-vegetation or conservation-priority targets. Networks that required offsetting equivalent vegetation cost 2-17 times more than priority-focused networks. This finding calls into question the prudence of equivalency-based systems, particularly in relatively undeveloped jurisdictions, where conservation focuses on limiting and directing future losses. Priority-focused offsets may offer benefits to industry and environmental stakeholders by allowing for lower-cost conservation of valued ecological features and may invite discussion on what land-use trade-offs are acceptable when trading biodiversity via offsets. Resultados Económicos y Ecológicos de Sistemas de Compensación de

  7. Satellite sweeping in offset, tilted dipole fields

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Paonessa, Mark T.; Cheng, Andrew F.

    1987-01-01

    The paper presents a theory for the longitudinally averaged satellite sweeping rate in an offset, tilted dipole magnetic field. It includes the reductions in the sweeping rate when the moon radius is not large compared to the gyroradius or the azimuthal drift distance during a bounce period. With a large tilt angle between the magnetic and rotation axes, moons make large excursions in dipole L value, and more than one moon can sweep at a given L. The sweeping rate peaks at the minimum L for each moon. If the gyroradius is large, additional peaks can occur when the particle mirrors near the moon latitude. To illustrate the theory, sweeping rates are evaluated for parameters relevant to the observations at Uranus by the Voyager 2 Low Energy Charged Particles Experiment. Calculated sweeping rates for ions and electrons are typically two or three orders of magnitude less than the strong-diffusion loss rate. The observation of sweeping signatures at Uranus would imply that pitch-angle scattering there occurs at a rate far below the strong-diffusion limit, contrasting with the situation for energetic ions in the inner Jovian magnetosphere.

  8. Induced CMB quadrupole from pointing offsets

    SciTech Connect

    Moss, Adam; Scott, Douglas; Sigurdson, Kris E-mail: dscott@phas.ubc.ca

    2011-01-01

    Recent claims in the literature have suggested that the WMAP quadrupole is not primordial in origin, and arises from an aliasing of the much larger dipole field because of incorrect satellite pointing. We attempt to reproduce this result and delineate the key physics leading to the effect. We find that, even if real, the induced quadrupole would be smaller than the WMAP value. We discuss reasons why the WMAP data are unlikely to suffer from this particular systematic effect, including the implications for observations of point sources. Given this evidence against the reality of the effect, the similarity between the pointing-offset-induced signal and the actual quadrupole then appears to be quite puzzling. However, we find that the effect arises from a convolution between the gradient of the dipole field and anisotropic coverage of the scan direction at each pixel. There is something of a directional conspiracy here — the dipole signal lies close to the Ecliptic Plane, and its direction, together with the WMAP scan strategy, results in a strong coupling to the Y{sub 2,−1} component in Ecliptic co-ordinates. The dominant strength of this component in the measured quadrupole suggests that one should exercise increased caution in interpreting its estimated amplitude. The Planck satellite has a different scan strategy which does not so directly couple the dipole and quadrupole in this way and will soon provide an independent measurement.

  9. Induced CMB quadrupole from pointing offsets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Moss, Adam; Scott, Douglas; Sigurdson, Kris

    2011-01-01

    Recent claims in the literature have suggested that the WMAP quadrupole is not primordial in origin, and arises from an aliasing of the much larger dipole field because of incorrect satellite pointing. We attempt to reproduce this result and delineate the key physics leading to the effect. We find that, even if real, the induced quadrupole would be smaller than the WMAP value. We discuss reasons why the WMAP data are unlikely to suffer from this particular systematic effect, including the implications for observations of point sources. Given this evidence against the reality of the effect, the similarity between the pointing-offset-induced signal and the actual quadrupole then appears to be quite puzzling. However, we find that the effect arises from a convolution between the gradient of the dipole field and anisotropic coverage of the scan direction at each pixel. There is something of a directional conspiracy here — the dipole signal lies close to the Ecliptic Plane, and its direction, together with the WMAP scan strategy, results in a strong coupling to the Y2, -1 component in Ecliptic co-ordinates. The dominant strength of this component in the measured quadrupole suggests that one should exercise increased caution in interpreting its estimated amplitude. The Planck satellite has a different scan strategy which does not so directly couple the dipole and quadrupole in this way and will soon provide an independent measurement.

  10. 39 CFR 551.8 - Cost offset policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...., manufacturing process, gum type), thereby establishing a baseline for cost comparison purposes. The... 39 Postal Service 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Cost offset policy. 551.8 Section 551.8 Postal Service UNITED STATES POSTAL SERVICE POSTAGE PROGRAMS SEMIPOSTAL STAMP PROGRAM § 551.8 Cost offset...

  11. 39 CFR 551.8 - Cost offset policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...., manufacturing process, gum type), thereby establishing a baseline for cost comparison purposes. The... 39 Postal Service 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Cost offset policy. 551.8 Section 551.8 Postal Service UNITED STATES POSTAL SERVICE POSTAGE PROGRAMS SEMIPOSTAL STAMP PROGRAM § 551.8 Cost offset...

  12. Onset and Offset as Determinants of the Simon Effect

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Riggio, Lucia; Gherri, Elena; Lupianez, Juan

    2012-01-01

    We investigated the presence and the characteristics of the Simon effect for onset and offset targets when these stimuli are randomly intermixed. In Experiment 1, two possible target locations were occupied by an occluder. On onset trials, a target appeared above an occluder, while on offset trials one of the occluders disappeared, revealing the…

  13. 19 CFR 201.208 - Tax refund offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Tax refund offset. 201.208 Section 201.208 Customs Duties UNITED STATES INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION GENERAL RULES OF GENERAL APPLICATION Debt Collection § 201.208 Tax refund offset. (a) Scope. The provisions of 26 U.S.C. 6402(d) and 31 U.S.C....

  14. 19 CFR 201.208 - Tax refund offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 3 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Tax refund offset. 201.208 Section 201.208 Customs Duties UNITED STATES INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION GENERAL RULES OF GENERAL APPLICATION Debt Collection § 201.208 Tax refund offset. (a) Scope. The provisions of 26 U.S.C. 6402(d) and 31 U.S.C....

  15. Evaluating internal maturity of tomatoes using spatially offset Raman spectroscopy

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Spatially offset Raman spectroscopy technique was investigated for evaluating internal maturity of intact tomatoes. A Raman spectroscopy system was assembled to acquire spatially offset spectra in the wavenumber range of 200–2500 cm–1. A 785-nm laser was used as the excitation source and the measure...

  16. 45 CFR 1179.8 - Procedures for salary offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Procedures for salary offset. 1179.8 Section 1179.8 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL FOUNDATION ON THE ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR THE HUMANITIES SALARY OFFSET § 1179.8 Procedures for...

  17. 45 CFR 1179.8 - Procedures for salary offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Procedures for salary offset. 1179.8 Section 1179.8 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL FOUNDATION ON THE ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR THE HUMANITIES SALARY OFFSET § 1179.8 Procedures for...

  18. 45 CFR 1179.8 - Procedures for salary offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Procedures for salary offset. 1179.8 Section 1179.8 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL FOUNDATION ON THE ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR THE HUMANITIES SALARY OFFSET § 1179.8 Procedures for...

  19. 45 CFR 1179.8 - Procedures for salary offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Procedures for salary offset. 1179.8 Section 1179.8 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL FOUNDATION ON THE ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR THE HUMANITIES SALARY OFFSET § 1179.8 Procedures for...

  20. 45 CFR 1179.8 - Procedures for salary offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Procedures for salary offset. 1179.8 Section 1179.8 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL FOUNDATION ON THE ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR THE HUMANITIES SALARY OFFSET § 1179.8 Procedures for...

  1. 38 CFR 3.658 - Offsets; dependency and indemnity compensation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Offsets; dependency and indemnity compensation. 3.658 Section 3.658 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS ADJUDICATION Pension, Compensation, and Dependency and Indemnity Compensation Adjustments and Resumptions § 3.658 Offsets;...

  2. A Welfare Measure of "Offset Effects" in Health Insurance.

    PubMed

    Glazer, Jacob; McGuire, Thomas G

    2012-06-01

    Changing health insurance coverage for one service may affect use of other insured services. When improving coverage for one service reduces use of another, the savings are referred to as "offset effects." For example, costs of better coverage for prescription drugs may be partly "offset" by reductions in hospital costs. Offset effects have welfare implications but it has not been clear how to value these impacts in design of health insurance. We show that plan-paid - rather than total -- spending is the right welfare measure of the offset effect, and go on to develop a "sufficient statistic" for evaluating the welfare effects of change in coverage in the presence of multiple goods. We derive a simple rule for when a coverage improvement increases welfare due to offset effects. PMID:22544983

  3. Using hob offset to balance dynamic strength in spur gears

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Liou, Chuen-Huei; Lin, Hsi Hsiang; Oswald, Fred B.; Townsend, Dennis P.

    1995-01-01

    This paper presents an analytical study on the effect of hob offset on the dynamic tooth strength of spur gears. The study was limited to equal and opposite offset values applied to the pinion and gear to maintain the standard operating center distance. The analysis presented in this paper was performed using a new version of the NASA gear dynamics code DANST. The operating speed of the transmission has a significant influence on the amount of hob offset required to equalize the dynamic stresses in the pinion and gear. In the transmission studied, at low speeds, the optimum hob offset value was found to fluctuate. At higher speeds, the optimum value was constrained by the minimum allowed thickness at the tip of the pinion tooth. For gears that must operate over a range of speeds, an average offset value may be used. Spur gears designed with the procedure presented here can have significant improvements in load capacity.

  4. Dosimetric effects of source-offset in intravascular brachytherapy.

    PubMed

    Chibani, Omar; Li, X Allen

    2002-04-01

    In intravascular brachytherapy (IVBT), radioactive sources can be displaced (offset) laterally from the center of the lumen and/or longitudinally from the desired location due to the cardiac motion and/or the absence of a source-centering device. The purpose of this work is to study the dosimetric impact of such a source offset. Dose effects of both lateral and longitudinal source offsets with or without the presence of a calcified plaque or a metallic stent are calculated for the three most commonly used sources (32P, 90Sr/90Y, and 192Ir). The MCNP Monte Carlo code is used in the calculation. Static and random source offsets are considered. The major results include that (a) dose can be changed significantly (by a factor of up to 4) due to a static lateral source offset; (b) this dose variation is reduced if the lateral source offset is considered as random moving within the vessel (the dose at the 2 mm reference radial distance is increased by 5-15% for the three sources in the case of the 2D random offset studied); (c) the presence of a calcified plaque and/or a metallic stent worsens the dosimetric effects; (d) the longitudinal random source offset results in a reduction (15-18%) in the effective treatment length; (e) the dose effects of source offsets for the beta source are higher than those for the gamma source. The data presented in this paper may be used for IVBT treatment planning or for dosimetric analysis of treatment outcome. The dose change due to the source offset should be considered in dose prescription. The reduction of effective treatment length should be taken into account in selection of a proper source length to ensure an adequate coverage of the treatment target. PMID:11991124

  5. Consistency assessment of celestial pole offset series

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Malkin, Z.

    2012-04-01

    Celestial pole offset (CPO) are the small corrections to the official International Astronomical Union (IAU) precession-nutation model. It is needed to account for CPO corrections, in particular, to the users required highly accurate transformation between terrestrial and celestial reference frames in such applications as astrometry, Earth rotation, geodesy, ground and space navigation, etc. Nowadays, the primary method to derive CPO is the very long baseline interferometry (VLBI). CPO is determined along with other Earth rotation parameters polar motion and Universal time from special observations coordinated by the International VLBI Service for Geodesy and Astrometry (IVS). The CPO time series are initially computed at the IVS Analysis Centers (ACs) as routine product. Each analysis center computes its own final CPO time series containing results obtained for each processed 24-hour VLBI session, and/or datum free normal equations for each session. These results are archived in the IVS Data Centers. The latter data are also used in the IVS Coordinator Office to derive the IVS combined CPO series, also given for each VLBI session. IVS combined series is also placed in the IVS Data Centers. In turn, IERS Combination Centers use original ACs' and/or IVS combined CPO series to derive the IERS combined product, given in this case at the midnight epochs, available through the IERS Product Centers. All these transformations between the original series derived by the IVS Analysis Centers and final IERS products recommended and usually used by users, may introduce random and systematic differences between CPO series available to users, which evidently requires clear recommendations on using this kind of VLBI product. This study is devoted to investigation of differences between various CPO series to make the first steps towards such recommendations.

  6. 40 CFR 77.5 - Deduction of allowances to offset excess emissions of sulfur dioxide.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... excess emissions of sulfur dioxide. 77.5 Section 77.5 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION... excess emissions of sulfur dioxide. (a) The Administrator will deduct allowances to offset excess... emissions of sulfur dioxide....

  7. 40 CFR 77.5 - Deduction of allowances to offset excess emissions of sulfur dioxide.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... excess emissions of sulfur dioxide. 77.5 Section 77.5 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION... excess emissions of sulfur dioxide. (a) The Administrator will deduct allowances to offset excess... emissions of sulfur dioxide....

  8. 40 CFR 77.5 - Deduction of allowances to offset excess emissions of sulfur dioxide.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... excess emissions of sulfur dioxide. 77.5 Section 77.5 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION... excess emissions of sulfur dioxide. (a) The Administrator will deduct allowances to offset excess... emissions of sulfur dioxide....

  9. 40 CFR 77.5 - Deduction of allowances to offset excess emissions of sulfur dioxide.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... excess emissions of sulfur dioxide. 77.5 Section 77.5 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION... excess emissions of sulfur dioxide. (a) The Administrator will deduct allowances to offset excess... emissions of sulfur dioxide....

  10. Cryogenic Integrated Offset Compensation for Time Domain SQUID Multiplexing

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Prêle, D.; Voisin, F.; Martino, J.; Bréelle, E.; Bordier, G.; Piat, M.

    2012-06-01

    Superconducting QUantum Interference Device (SQUID) multiplexing is a common technique in the use of large arrays of Transition Edge Sensors (TES). A Time Domain Multiplexer (TDM) combines input TES signals into one output signal using several SQUIDs. Different TES, SQUID and amplifier characteristics induce unavoidable different offsets on the multiplexed signal. Additionally, given the periodicity of the SQUID characteristic, the Flux Locked Loop (FLL) operating point is only defined modulo Φ 0. This can lead to a large output offset. In multiplexed mode, the difference between offsets associated with different pixels can induce a parasitic signal which is often larger than that of the TES. These offset signals drastically constrain the readout dynamic range and thus the maximum gain allowed. They also limit the signal-to-noise ratio, the FLL stability and the multiplexing frequency. Offsets in SQUID readout are discussed and offset compensation for TDM is presented. The dynamic calibration and compensation on a simplified 4:1 TDM are demonstrated in simulation. Dynamic offset compensation is being implemented on a cryogenic SiGe integrated circuit operated at 4 K for 128:1 TDM.

  11. An intercomparison of the thermal offset for different pyranometers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sanchez, G.; Cancillo, M. L.; Serrano, A.

    2016-07-01

    An unprecedented intensive intercomparison campaign focused on the experimental measurement of the thermal offset of pyranometers has been conducted at Badajoz (Spain) with the participation of three main manufacturers. The purpose of this study is to compare the thermal offset of six commercially available pyranometers, being some of them widely used and others recently commercialized. In this campaign, the capping methodology has been used to experimentally measure the daytime thermal offset of the pyranometers. Thus, a short but intense campaign has been conducted in two selected summer days under clear-sky conditions, covering a large range of solar zenith angle, irradiance, and temperature. Along the campaign, a total of 305 capping events have been performed, 61 for each pyranometer. The daytime thermal offset obtained for different pyranometers ranges between 0 and -16.8 W/m2 depending on the environmental conditions, being sometimes notably higher than values estimated indoors by manufacturers. The thermal offset absolute value of all instruments shows a diurnal cycle, increasing from sunrise to central hours of the day and decreasing from midafternoon to sunset. The analysis demonstrates that thermal offset is notably higher and more variable during daytime than during nighttime, requiring specific daytime measurements. Main results emphasize the key role played by wind speed in modulating the thermal offset.

  12. Venus' center of figure-center of mass offset

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bindschadler, Duane L.; Schubert, Gerald; Ford, Peter G.

    1994-01-01

    Magellan altimetry data reveal that the center of figure (CF) of Venus is displaced approximately 280 m from its center of mass (CM) toward 4.4 deg S, 135.8 deg E, a location in Aphrodite Terra. This offset is smaller than those of other terrestrial planets but larger than the estimated error, which is no more than a few tens of meters. We examine the possibility that the CF-CM offset is related to specific geologic provinces on Venus by deriving three simple models for the offset: a thick-crust model, a hotspot model, and a thick-lithosphere model. The offset caused by a region of thick crust depends upon the region's extent, the crust-mantle density contrast, and the thickness of excess crust. A hotspot-related offset depends on the extent of the thermally anomalous region and the magnitude of the thermal anomaly. Offset due to a region of thick lithosphere depends upon the extent of the region, the average temperature contrast across the lithosphere, and the amount of excess lithosphere. We apply the three models to Venus plateau-shaped highlands, volcanic rises, and lowlands, respectively, in an attempt to match the observed CF-CM offset location and magnitude. The influence of most volcanic rises and of Ishtar Terra on the CF-CM offset must be quite small if we are to explain the direction of the observed offset. The lack of influence of volcanic rises can be explained if the related thermal anomalies are limited to a few hundred degrees or less and are plume-shaped (i.e., characterized by a flattened sublithospheric `head' with a narrow cylindrical feeder `tail'). The unimportance of Ishtar Terra is most easily explained if it lies atop a significant mantle downwelling.

  13. Internal offsets and technological innovation: Six case studies, volume 9

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mogee, M. E.

    1982-04-01

    The experiences of six industrial firms with the new Federal policy of internal offsets are described. Offsets, regulatory reforms initiated by the Environmental Protection Agency and called by the generic title of emission trading, were introduced to allow continued economic growth in nonattainment areas and to stimulate innovation in pollution control and process technology by making it profitable for firms to create more reductions than the law now requires. The problems of defining and measuring innovation as well as presenting industrial firm perceptions of innovation associated with offset cases are discussed.

  14. Temperature Induced Voltage Offset Drifts in Silicon Carbide Pressure Sensors

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Okojie, Robert S.; Lukco, Dorothy; Nguyen, Vu; Savrun, Ender

    2012-01-01

    We report the reduction of transient drifts in the zero pressure offset voltage in silicon carbide (SiC) pressure sensors when operating at 600 C. The previously observed maximum drift of +/- 10 mV of the reference offset voltage at 600 C was reduced to within +/- 5 mV. The offset voltage drifts and bridge resistance changes over time at test temperature are explained in terms of the microstructure and phase changes occurring within the contact metallization, as analyzed by Auger electron spectroscopy and field emission scanning electron microscopy. The results have helped to identify the upper temperature reliable operational limit of this particular metallization scheme to be 605 C.

  15. Estimation of frequency offset in mobile satellite modems

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Cowley, W. G.; Rice, M.; Mclean, A. N.

    1993-01-01

    In mobilesat applications, frequency offset on the received signal must be estimated and removed prior to further modem processing. A straightforward method of estimating the carrier frequency offset is to raise the received MPSK signal to the M-th power, and then estimate the location of the peak spectral component. An analysis of the lower signal to noise threshold of this method is carried out for BPSK signals. Predicted thresholds are compared to simulation results. It is shown how the method can be extended to pi/M MPSK signals. A real-time implementation of frequency offset estimation for the Australian mobile satellite system is described.

  16. Pair Cascades and Deathlines in Offset Magnetic Dipole Fields

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Harding, Alice; Muslimov, Alex

    2010-01-01

    We investigate electron-positron pair cascades in a dipole magnetic field whose axis is offset from the neutron star center. In such a field geometry, the polar cap is displaced from the neutron star symmetry axis and the field line radius of curvature is modified. Using the modified parallel electric field near the polar cap of an offset dipole, we simulate pair cascades to determine the pair deathlines and pair multiplicities as a function of the offset parameter. We find that the pair multiplicity can change dramatically with a modest offset, with a significant increase on one side of the polar cap. Lower pair deathlines allow a larger fraction of the pulsar population, that include old and millisecond pulsars, to produce cascades with high multiplicity.

  17. Coseismic Offsets on PBO Borehole Strainmeters: Real, or Spurious?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Barbour, A. J.; Agnew, D. C.

    2010-12-01

    We have observed coseismic strain offsets during many significant earthquakes, at all locations in the 74-instrument PBO borehole strainmeter (BSM) network. The M7.2 El Mayor-Cucapah earthquake of April 4, 2010 induced the largest offsets thus far, on BSMs located within the San Jacinto fault zone - the "Anza cluster". Here we present analyses of trends in the observed offsets for the Anza cluster, as well as inspection of their inferred borehole lithology. We find that offsets rarely agree with elastic dislocation theory in magnitude and sign, and speculate that they are controlled more by localized geologic constraints than by triggered fault slip, as has been suggested in previous studies (e.g. Linde and Johnson, 1989).

  18. 7 CFR 81.14 - Offset, assignment, and prompt payment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... under the provisions of 7 CFR part 1404. (c) Prompt payment interest from AMS will not be applicable. ... DOMESTIC CONSUMPTION PROGRAMS PRUNE/DRIED PLUM DIVERSION PROGRAM § 81.14 Offset, assignment, and...

  19. 7 CFR 81.14 - Offset, assignment, and prompt payment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... under the provisions of 7 CFR part 1404. (c) Prompt payment interest from AMS will not be applicable. ... DOMESTIC CONSUMPTION PROGRAMS PRUNE/DRIED PLUM DIVERSION PROGRAM § 81.14 Offset, assignment, and...

  20. 7 CFR 81.14 - Offset, assignment, and prompt payment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... under the provisions of 7 CFR part 1404. (c) Prompt payment interest from AMS will not be applicable. ... DOMESTIC CONSUMPTION PROGRAMS PRUNE/DRIED PLUM DIVERSION PROGRAM § 81.14 Offset, assignment, and...

  1. 7 CFR 81.14 - Offset, assignment, and prompt payment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... under the provisions of 7 CFR part 1404. (c) Prompt payment interest from AMS will not be applicable. ... DOMESTIC CONSUMPTION PROGRAMS PRUNE/DRIED PLUM DIVERSION PROGRAM § 81.14 Offset, assignment, and...

  2. 7 CFR 81.14 - Offset, assignment, and prompt payment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... under the provisions of 7 CFR part 1404. (c) Prompt payment interest from AMS will not be applicable. ... DOMESTIC CONSUMPTION PROGRAMS PRUNE/DRIED PLUM DIVERSION PROGRAM § 81.14 Offset, assignment, and...

  3. Healthy Living May Offset Genetic Breast Cancer Risk

    MedlinePlus

    ... news/fullstory_159053.html Healthy Living May Offset Genetic Breast Cancer Risk Lifestyle may matter even more ... be especially powerful for women at relatively high genetic risk of breast cancer, researchers found. "Those genetic ...

  4. Digital Integrate-And-Dump Filter With Offset Sampling

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Sadr, R.; Hurd, W. J.

    1989-01-01

    Detection of weak signals improved slightly. Digital integrate-and-dump filter proposed for detection of weak rectangular-pulse signals corrupted by additive white Gaussian noise. Theory of filter takes account of degradation of performance caused by offset sampling.

  5. Healthy Living May Offset Genetic Breast Cancer Risk

    MedlinePlus

    ... fullstory_159053.html Healthy Living May Offset Genetic Breast Cancer Risk Lifestyle may matter even more when your ... Women who carry common gene variants linked to breast cancer can still cut their risk of the disease ...

  6. Injury Mechanisms and Severity in Narrow Offset Frontal Impacts

    PubMed Central

    Pintar, Frank A.; Yoganandan, Narayan; Maiman, Dennis J.

    2008-01-01

    Current standard frontal crash tests include full frontal or 40% offset. Frontal impacts with offsets less than 40% and corner impacts have received little attention. Because of the limited engagement of vehicle structures that would permit less energy dissipation, these crashes have the potential for severe trauma to the near-side occupant. Narrow offset and corner-impact crashes under a frontal impact classification were analyzed using data obtained from the United States Department of Transportation National Highway Traffic Safety Administration crash databases: Crash Injury Research and Engineering Network (CIREN) and the National Automotive Sampling System (NASS) 2000–2006. A subset of crashes that could be defined clearly as narrow offset crashes were then examined. The Collision Damage Classification (CDC) classification was used to obtain only crashes with a “FLEE” code for drivers and a “FREE” code for right front passengers. These codes were used to separate out crashes that had bumper and lower vehicle engagement and less than 41 cm of front vehicle damage. The NASS data indicated that corner impacts (“Y” and “Z” type) and narrow overlap (“L” and “R” type) constitute 26 % each of all frontal impacts. When occupants were severely injured in frontal crashes 20 % of the occupants were in “L” and “R” type crashes and 31 % were in “Y” and “Z” type crashes. The percentage of near side “FLEE” and “FREE” crash occupants with severe injuries by body region demonstrated that head, thorax, upper, and lower extremity injuries dominate the data set. For the 71 CIREN cases, lower extremity injuries dominated. The injury severity score did not correlate well with assumed severity parameters like extent of crush and delta-V, however, crashes with extent zones 2–5 had a greater percentage of occupants with chest and spine injuries than crashes with extent zones 6–9. Vehicle rotation after front impact in extent zone 2

  7. Impacts of GNSS position offsets on global frame stability

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Griffiths, Jake; Ray, Jim

    2014-05-01

    Positional offsets appear in Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) time series for a variety of reasons. Antenna or radome changes are the most common cause for these discontinuities. Many others are from earthquakes, receiver changes, and different anthropogenic modifications at or near the stations. Some jumps appear for unknown or undocumented reasons. The accurate determination of station velocities, and therefore geophysical parameters and terrestrial reference frames, requires that positional offsets be correctly found and compensated. Williams (2003) found that undetected offsets introduce a random walk error component in individual station time series. The topic of detecting positional offsets has received considerable attention in recent years (e.g., Detection of Offsets in GPS Experiment; DOGEx), and most research groups using GNSS have adopted a combination of manual and automated methods for finding them. The removal of a positional offset is usually handled by estimating the average station position on both sides of the discontinuity, assuming a constant, continuous velocity. This is sufficient in the absence of time-correlated errors. However, GNSS time series contain systematic and power-law errors (white to random walk noise). In this paper, we aim to evaluate the impact to both individual station results and the overall stability of the global reference frame from adding increasing numbers of positional discontinuities. We use the International GNSS Service (IGS) weekly SINEX files, and iteratively insert positional offset parameters at the midpoint of each data segment. Each iteration includes a restacking of the modified SINEX files using the CATREF software from Institut National de l'Information Géographique et Forestière (IGN) to estimate: regularized station positions, secular velocities, Earth orientation parameters, Helmert frame alignment parameters, and the empirical shifts across all positional discontinuities. A comparison of the

  8. Carbon offsets, reversal risk and US climate policy

    PubMed Central

    Mignone, Bryan K; Hurteau, Matthew D; Chen, Yihsu; Sohngen, Brent

    2009-01-01

    Background One controversial issue in the larger cap-and-trade debate is the proper use and certification of carbon offsets related to changes in land management. Advocates of an expanded offset supply claim that inclusion of such activities would expand the scope of the program and lower overall compliance costs, while opponents claim that it would weaken the environmental integrity of the program by crediting activities that yield either nonexistent or merely temporary carbon sequestration benefits. Our study starts from the premise that offsets are neither perfect mitigation instruments nor useless "hot air." Results We show that offsets provide a useful cost containment function, even when there is some threat of reversal, by injecting additional "when-flexibility" into the system. This allows market participants to shift their reduction requirements to periods of lower cost, thereby facilitating attainment of the least-cost time path without jeopardizing the cumulative environmental integrity of the system. By accounting for market conditions in conjunction with reversal risk, we develop a simple offset valuation methodology, taking into account the two most important factors that typically lead offsets to be overvalued or undervalued. Conclusion The result of this paper is a quantitative "model rule" that could be included in future legislation or used as a basis for active management by a future "carbon fed" or other regulatory authority with jurisdiction over the US carbon market to actively manage allowance prices. PMID:19527489

  9. 13 CFR 140.2 - What is a debt and how can the SBA collect it through offset?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false What is a debt and how can the SBA... ADMINISTRATION DEBT COLLECTION Offset § 140.2 What is a debt and how can the SBA collect it through offset? (a) A... United States from any of these sources. (b) SBA may collect past-due debts through offset by using...

  10. 45 CFR 33.12 - Salary offset when the Department is the paying agency but not the creditor agency.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Salary offset when the Department is the paying agency but not the creditor agency. 33.12 Section 33.12 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION SALARY OFFSET § 33.12 Salary offset when the Department is the paying agency but not the creditor agency. (a)...

  11. Estimation of satellite antenna phase center offsets for Galileo

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Steigenberger, P.; Fritsche, M.; Dach, R.; Schmid, R.; Montenbruck, O.; Uhlemann, M.; Prange, L.

    2016-05-01

    Satellite antenna phase center offsets for the Galileo In-Orbit Validation (IOV) and Full Operational Capability (FOC) satellites are estimated by two different analysis centers based on tracking data of a global GNSS network. The mean x- and y-offsets could be determined with a precision of a few centimeters. However, daily estimates of the x-offsets of the IOV satellites show pronounced systematic effects with a peak-to-peak amplitude of up to 70 cm that depend on the orbit model and the elevation of the Sun above the orbital plane. For the IOV y-offsets, no dependence on the orbit model exists but the scatter strongly depends on the elevation of the Sun above the orbital plane. In general, these systematic effects are significantly smaller for the FOC satellites. The z-offsets of the two analysis centers agree within the 10-15 cm level, and the time series do not show systematic effects. The application of an averaged Galileo satellite antenna model obtained from the two solutions results in a reduction of orbit day boundary discontinuities by up to one third—even if an independent software package is used.

  12. Frequency-Offset Cartesian Feedback Based on Polyphase Difference Amplifiers

    PubMed Central

    Zanchi, Marta G.; Pauly, John M.; Scott, Greig C.

    2010-01-01

    A modified Cartesian feedback method called “frequency-offset Cartesian feedback” and based on polyphase difference amplifiers is described that significantly reduces the problems associated with quadrature errors and DC-offsets in classic Cartesian feedback power amplifier control systems. In this method, the reference input and feedback signals are down-converted and compared at a low intermediate frequency (IF) instead of at DC. The polyphase difference amplifiers create a complex control bandwidth centered at this low IF, which is typically offset from DC by 200–1500 kHz. Consequently, the loop gain peak does not overlap DC where voltage offsets, drift, and local oscillator leakage create errors. Moreover, quadrature mismatch errors are significantly attenuated in the control bandwidth. Since the polyphase amplifiers selectively amplify the complex signals characterized by a +90° phase relationship representing positive frequency signals, the control system operates somewhat like single sideband (SSB) modulation. However, the approach still allows the same modulation bandwidth control as classic Cartesian feedback. In this paper, the behavior of the polyphase difference amplifier is described through both the results of simulations, based on a theoretical analysis of their architecture, and experiments. We then describe our first printed circuit board prototype of a frequency-offset Cartesian feedback transmitter and its performance in open and closed loop configuration. This approach should be especially useful in magnetic resonance imaging transmit array systems. PMID:20814450

  13. Frequency-Offset Cartesian Feedback Based on Polyphase Difference Amplifiers.

    PubMed

    Zanchi, Marta G; Pauly, John M; Scott, Greig C

    2010-05-01

    A modified Cartesian feedback method called "frequency-offset Cartesian feedback" and based on polyphase difference amplifiers is described that significantly reduces the problems associated with quadrature errors and DC-offsets in classic Cartesian feedback power amplifier control systems.In this method, the reference input and feedback signals are down-converted and compared at a low intermediate frequency (IF) instead of at DC. The polyphase difference amplifiers create a complex control bandwidth centered at this low IF, which is typically offset from DC by 200-1500 kHz. Consequently, the loop gain peak does not overlap DC where voltage offsets, drift, and local oscillator leakage create errors. Moreover, quadrature mismatch errors are significantly attenuated in the control bandwidth. Since the polyphase amplifiers selectively amplify the complex signals characterized by a +90° phase relationship representing positive frequency signals, the control system operates somewhat like single sideband (SSB) modulation. However, the approach still allows the same modulation bandwidth control as classic Cartesian feedback.In this paper, the behavior of the polyphase difference amplifier is described through both the results of simulations, based on a theoretical analysis of their architecture, and experiments. We then describe our first printed circuit board prototype of a frequency-offset Cartesian feedback transmitter and its performance in open and closed loop configuration. This approach should be especially useful in magnetic resonance imaging transmit array systems. PMID:20814450

  14. Estimation of satellite antenna phase center offsets for Galileo

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Steigenberger, P.; Fritsche, M.; Dach, R.; Schmid, R.; Montenbruck, O.; Uhlemann, M.; Prange, L.

    2016-08-01

    Satellite antenna phase center offsets for the Galileo In-Orbit Validation (IOV) and Full Operational Capability (FOC) satellites are estimated by two different analysis centers based on tracking data of a global GNSS network. The mean x- and y-offsets could be determined with a precision of a few centimeters. However, daily estimates of the x-offsets of the IOV satellites show pronounced systematic effects with a peak-to-peak amplitude of up to 70 cm that depend on the orbit model and the elevation of the Sun above the orbital plane. For the IOV y-offsets, no dependence on the orbit model exists but the scatter strongly depends on the elevation of the Sun above the orbital plane. In general, these systematic effects are significantly smaller for the FOC satellites. The z-offsets of the two analysis centers agree within the 10-15 cm level, and the time series do not show systematic effects. The application of an averaged Galileo satellite antenna model obtained from the two solutions results in a reduction of orbit day boundary discontinuities by up to one third—even if an independent software package is used.

  15. Lower limb length and offset in total hip arthroplasty.

    PubMed

    Flecher, X; Ollivier, M; Argenson, J N

    2016-02-01

    Restoration of normal hip biomechanics is a key goal of total hip arthroplasty (THA) and favorably affects functional recovery. Furthermore, a major concern for both the surgeon and the patient is preservation or restoration of limb length equality, which must be achieved without compromising the stability of the prosthesis. Here, definitions are given for anatomic and functional limb length discrepancies and for femoral and hip offset, determined taking anteversion into account. Data on the influence of operated-limb length and offset on patient satisfaction, hip function, and prosthesis survival after THA are reviewed. Errors may adversely impact function, quality of life, and prosthetic survival and may also generate conflicts between the surgeon and patient. Surgeons rely on two- or three-dimensional preoperative templating and on intraoperative landmarks to manage offset and length. Accuracy can be improved by using computer-assisted planning or surgery and the more recently introduced EOS imaging system. The prosthetic's armamentarium now includes varus-aligned and lateralized implants, as well as implants with modular or custom-made necks, which allow restoration of the normal hip geometry, most notably in patients with coxa vara or coxa valga. Femoral anteversion must also receive careful attention. The most common errors are limb lengthening and a decrease in hip offset. When symptoms are caused by an error in length and/or offset, revision arthroplasty may deserve consideration. PMID:26797005

  16. Computational Analyses of Offset Stream Nozzles for Noise Reduction

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Dippold, Vance, III; Foster, Lancert; Wiese,Michael

    2007-01-01

    The Wind computational fluid dynamics code was used to perform a series of simulations on two offset stream nozzle concepts for jet noise reduction. The first concept used an S-duct to direct the secondary stream to the lower side of the nozzle. The second concept used vanes to turn the secondary flow downward. The analyses were completed in preparation of tests conducted in the NASA Glenn Research Center Aeroacoustic Propulsion Laboratory. The offset stream nozzles demonstrated good performance and reduced the amount of turbulence on the lower side of the jet plume. The computer analyses proved instrumental in guiding the development of the final test configurations and giving insight into the flow mechanics of offset stream nozzles. The computational predictions were compared with flowfield results from the jet rig testing and showed excellent agreement.

  17. Improved VIIRS offset correction during lunar intrusion into space view

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Isaacson, Peter J.; De Luccia, Frank J.; Moy, Gabriel; Vandermierden, Nicholas R.

    2015-09-01

    The VIIRS radiometric calibration approach relies on views of space above the earth limb to estimate a "zero offset" which is subtracted from the other instrument views (earth, solar diffuser, on board black body). This zero offset estimation is compromised when the Moon lies within the space view. The current calibration approach has a conservative method to determine when the space view is contaminated or potentially contaminated by the Moon. We outline a new approach to detecting lunar contamination, and for estimating the zero offset for contaminated scans. Our approach offers the potential to greatly reduce the number of scans classified as lunar contaminated and thus of lower quality due to the alternate calibration process used in the current operational approach. Thus, such an alternative approach could increase the number of nominal, high quality VIIRS scans available for science analyses.

  18. Scan performance of dual offset reflector antennas for satellite communications

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Rahmat-Samii, Y.; Galindo-Israel, V.

    1981-01-01

    The basic numerical steps of a method to analyze dual offset reflector antennas are reviewed. The technique employs an alternative approach to calculating the secondary pattern of an arbitrarily shaped offset dual reflector antenna, and is based on the application of the geometrical theory of diffraction from the subreflector and physical optics (PO) scattering from the main reflector. The PO integral is evaluated using the Jacobi-Bessel series expansions, and numerical results are presented for the off-axis scan performance of an offset clear aperture Cassegrain antenna. Results indicate that the equivalent paraboloid concept can be used to determine the location of displaced feed and define the local optimal focal plane, and the scan performance of the Cassegrain reflector can be improved if the feed is located on the true opimal surface.

  19. 15 CFR 19.20 - How do other Federal agencies use the offset process to collect debts from payments issued by a...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... tax refund offset. See 31 CFR 285.2 for tax refund offset procedures. (b) Administrative offset... action will be taken to collect a debt from a payment issued by a Commerce entity. (e) Review. A Commerce... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false How do other Federal agencies use...

  20. 15 CFR 19.20 - How do other Federal agencies use the offset process to collect debts from payments issued by a...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... tax refund offset. See 31 CFR 285.2 for tax refund offset procedures. (b) Administrative offset... action will be taken to collect a debt from a payment issued by a Commerce entity. (e) Review. A Commerce... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false How do other Federal agencies use...

  1. 15 CFR 19.20 - How do other Federal agencies use the offset process to collect debts from payments issued by a...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... tax refund offset. See 31 CFR 285.2 for tax refund offset procedures. (b) Administrative offset... action will be taken to collect a debt from a payment issued by a Commerce entity. (e) Review. A Commerce... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false How do other Federal agencies use...

  2. 15 CFR 19.20 - How do other Federal agencies use the offset process to collect debts from payments issued by a...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... tax refund offset. See 31 CFR 285.2 for tax refund offset procedures. (b) Administrative offset... action will be taken to collect a debt from a payment issued by a Commerce entity. (e) Review. A Commerce... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false How do other Federal agencies use...

  3. Is there any empirical support for biodiversity offset policy?

    PubMed

    Curran, Michael; Hellweg, Stefanie; Beck, Jan

    2014-06-01

    Biodiversity offsets are seen as a policy mechanism to balance development and conservation goals. Many offset schemes employ habitat restoration in one area to recreate biodiversity value that is destroyed elsewhere, assuming that recovery is timely and predictable. Recent research has challenged these assumptions on the grounds that restoration implies long time delays and a low certainty of success. To investigate these assertions, and to assess the strength of empirical support for offset policy, we used a meta-analytic approach to analyze data from 108 comparative studies of secondary growth (SG) and old-growth (OG) habitat (a total of 1228 SG sites and 716 OG reference sites). We extracted species checklists and calculated standardized response ratios for species richness, Fisher's alpha, Sorenson similarity, and Morisita-Horn similarity. We modeled diversity change with habitat age using generalized linear models and multi-model averaging, correcting for a number of potential explanatory variables. We tested whether (1) diversity of passively and actively restored habitat converges to OG values over time, (2) active restoration significantly accelerates this process, and (3) current offset policies are appropriate to the predicted uncertainties and time lags associated with restoration. The results indicate that in the best case, species richness converges to OG reference values within a century, species similarity (Sorenson) takes about twice as long, and assemblage composition (Morisita-Horn) up to an order of magnitude longer (hundreds to thousands of years). Active restoration significantly accelerates the process for all indices, but the inherently large time lags, uncertainty, and risk of restoration failure require offset ratios that far exceed what is currently applied in practice. Restoration offset policy therefore leads to a net loss of biodiversity, and represents an inappropriate use of the otherwise valuable tool of ecosystem restoration. PMID

  4. Pulsar Pair Cascades in Magnetic Fields with Offset Polar Caps

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Harding, Alice K.; Muslimov, Alex G.

    2012-01-01

    Neutron star magnetic fields may have polar caps (PC) that are offset from the dipole axis, through field-line sweepback near the light cylinder or non-symmetric currents within the star. The effects of such offsets on electron-positron pair cascades are investigated, using simple models of dipole magnetic fields with small distortions that shift the PCs by different amounts or directions. Using a Monte Carlo pair cascade simulation, we explore the changes in the pair spectrum, multiplicity and energy flux across the PC, as well as the trends in pair flux and pair energy flux with spin-down luminosity, L(sub sd). We also give an estimate of the distribution of heating flux from returning positrons on the PC for different offsets. We find that even modest offsets can produce significant increases in pair multiplicity, especially for pulsars that are near or beyond the pair death lines for centered PCs, primarily because of higher accelerating fields. Pair spectra cover several decades in energy, with the spectral range of millisecond pulsars (MSPs) two orders of magnitude higher than for normal pulsars, and PC offsets allow significant extension of all spectra to lower pair energies. We find that the total PC pair luminosity L(sub pair) is proportional to L(sub sd), with L(sub pair) approximates 10(exp -3) L(sub sd) for normal pulsars and L(sub pair) approximates 10(exp -2) L(sub sd) for MSPs. Remarkably, the total PC heating luminosity for even large offsets increases by less than a factor of two, even though the PC area increases by much larger factors, because most of the heating occurs near the magnetic axis.

  5. A 3D measurement of the offset in paleoseismological studies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ferrater, Marta; Echeverria, Anna; Masana, Eulàlia; Martínez-Díaz, José J.; Sharp, Warren D.

    2016-05-01

    The slip rate of a seismogenic fault is a crucial parameter for establishing the contribution of the fault to the seismic hazard. It is calculated from measurements of the offset of linear landforms, such channels, produced by the fault combined with their age. The three-dimensional measurement of offset in buried paleochannels is subject to uncertainties that need to be quantitatively assessed and propagated into the slip rate. Here, we present a set of adapted scripts to calculate the net, lateral and vertical tectonic offset components caused by faults, together with their associated uncertainties. This technique is applied here to a buried channel identified in the stratigraphic record during a paleoseismological study at the El Saltador site (Alhama de Murcia fault, Iberian Peninsula). After defining and measuring the coordinates of the key points of a buried channel in the walls of eight trenches excavated parallel to the fault, we (a) adjusted a 3D straight line to these points and then extrapolated the tendency of this line onto a simplified fault plane; (b) repeated these two steps for the segment of the channel in the other side of the fault; and (c) measured the distance between the two resulting intersection points with the fault plane. In doing so, we avoided the near fault modification of the channel trace and obtained a three-dimensional measurement of offset and its uncertainty. This methodology is a substantial modification of previous procedures that require excavating progressively towards the fault, leading to possible underestimation of offset due to diffuse deformation near the fault. Combining the offset with numerical dating of the buried channel via U-series on soil carbonate, we calculated a maximum estimate of the net slip rate and its vertical and lateral components for the Alhama de Murcia fault.

  6. 20 CFR 408.941 - Will we notify you before we refer an SVB overpayment for tax refund offset?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Will we notify you before we refer an SVB overpayment for tax refund offset? 408.941 Section 408.941 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION SPECIAL BENEFITS FOR CERTAIN WORLD WAR II VETERANS Underpayments and Overpayments Tax Refund Offset § 408.941 Will we notify you before...

  7. 20 CFR 408.941 - Will we notify you before we refer an SVB overpayment for tax refund offset?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Will we notify you before we refer an SVB overpayment for tax refund offset? 408.941 Section 408.941 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION SPECIAL BENEFITS FOR CERTAIN WORLD WAR II VETERANS Underpayments and Overpayments Tax Refund Offset § 408.941 Will we notify you before...

  8. 7 CFR 1951.136 - Procedures for Department of Treasury offset and cross-servicing for the Rural Housing Service...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... centralized administrative offset (TOP), Internal Revenue Service offset administered through TOP and Treasury... exclusion criteria, may be excluded from TOP or Cross-Servicing. (b) A 60 day due process notice will be sent to borrowers subject to TOP or Cross-Servicing. The borrower will be given 60 days to resolve...

  9. 45 CFR 33.11 - Salary offset when the Department is the creditor agency but not the paying agency.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... account of an employee, the Department must comply with the requirements of 5 U.S.C. 5514; 5 CFR part 550... purposes of collection by administrative offset, including salary offset, are contained in 31 CFR parts 285... payable to the employee from the Civil Service Retirement and Disability Fund (5 CFR 831.1801 or 5 CFR...

  10. 45 CFR 33.11 - Salary offset when the Department is the creditor agency but not the paying agency.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... account of an employee, the Department must comply with the requirements of 5 U.S.C. 5514; 5 CFR part 550... purposes of collection by administrative offset, including salary offset, are contained in 31 CFR parts 285... payable to the employee from the Civil Service Retirement and Disability Fund (5 CFR 831.1801 or 5 CFR...

  11. Shaping techniques for offset fed dual reflector antennas

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lee, J. J.; Chu, R. S.

    A shaping scheme is presented for the design of offset-fed dual reflector antennas for substantial performance improvement. The design procedure of a shaped system starts with a proper choice of a nonshaped offset system as a reference. This baseline is used to optimize the location of the feedhorn and the centers of the reflectors. The shaping program then uses these inputs and generates the numerical profiles of the reflectors to achieve the desired aperture distribution. After shaping, the reflector profiles would deviate from that of the baseline system by only a small amount compared to the dimensions of the antenna.

  12. 5 CFR 179.209 - Voluntary repayment agreement as alternative to salary offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Voluntary repayment agreement as alternative to salary offset. 179.209 Section 179.209 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT... has agreed in writing to deduction of a greater amount (5 CFR 550.1104(i)). (2) Any proposal...

  13. 5 CFR 179.209 - Voluntary repayment agreement as alternative to salary offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Voluntary repayment agreement as alternative to salary offset. 179.209 Section 179.209 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT... has agreed in writing to deduction of a greater amount (5 CFR 550.1104(i)). (2) Any proposal...

  14. 7 CFR 400.129 - Salary offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... Rate on Delinquent Debts; USDA Debt Collection Regulations in 7 CFR part 3; and 4 CFR 102.13. (g) For... Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FEDERAL CROP INSURANCE CORPORATION, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE GENERAL ADMINISTRATIVE REGULATIONS Debt Management-Regulations for the 1986 and Succeeding...

  15. 7 CFR 1430.217 - Offsets and withholdings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Offsets and withholdings. 1430.217 Section 1430.217 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) COMMODITY CREDIT CORPORATION, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LOANS, PURCHASES, AND OTHER OPERATIONS DAIRY PRODUCTS Milk Income Loss...

  16. 21 CFR 176.130 - Anti-offset substances.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION (CONTINUED) INDIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES: PAPER AND PAPERBOARD COMPONENTS Substances... in printing and decorating paper and paperboard used for food packaging in accordance with the... 21 Food and Drugs 3 2010-04-01 2009-04-01 true Anti-offset substances. 176.130 Section...

  17. Imagining Another Context during Encoding Offsets Context-Dependent Forgetting

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Masicampo, E. J.; Sahakyan, Lili

    2014-01-01

    We tested whether imagining another context during encoding would offset context-dependent forgetting. All participants studied a list of words in Context A. Participants who remained in Context A during the test recalled more than participants who were tested in another context (Context B), demonstrating the standard context-dependent forgetting…

  18. Applications of spatially offset Raman spectroscopy to defense and security

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Guicheteau, Jason; Hopkins, Rebecca

    2016-05-01

    Spatially offset Raman spectroscopy (SORS) allows for sub-surface and through barrier detection and has applications in drug analysis, cancer detection, forensic science, as well as defense and security. This paper reviews previous efforts in SORS and other through barrier Raman techniques and presents a discussion on current research in defense and security applications.

  19. Mastering the Offset Master. Student's Manual and Instructor's Manual.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Snapp, Jane

    Supporting performance objective 78 of the V-TECS (Vocational-Technical Education Consortium of States) Secretarial Catalog, both a set of student materials and an instructor's manual on mastering the offset master are included in this packet. (The packet is the eleventh in a set of fifteen on typewriting--CE 016 920-934.) The student materials…

  20. 7 CFR 1463.111 - Offsets and assignments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Offsets and assignments. 1463.111 Section 1463.111 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) COMMODITY CREDIT CORPORATION, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LOANS, PURCHASES, AND OTHER OPERATIONS 2005-2014 TOBACCO TRANSITION PROGRAM...

  1. 7 CFR 1463.111 - Offsets and assignments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Offsets and assignments. 1463.111 Section 1463.111 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) COMMODITY CREDIT CORPORATION, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LOANS, PURCHASES, AND OTHER OPERATIONS 2005-2014 TOBACCO TRANSITION PROGRAM...

  2. 7 CFR 1463.111 - Offsets and assignments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Offsets and assignments. 1463.111 Section 1463.111 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) COMMODITY CREDIT CORPORATION, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LOANS, PURCHASES, AND OTHER OPERATIONS 2005-2014 TOBACCO TRANSITION PROGRAM...

  3. 7 CFR 1463.111 - Offsets and assignments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Offsets and assignments. 1463.111 Section 1463.111 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) COMMODITY CREDIT CORPORATION, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LOANS, PURCHASES, AND OTHER OPERATIONS 2005-2014 TOBACCO TRANSITION PROGRAM...

  4. 49 CFR 1018.93 - Notice requirement before offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Notice requirement before offset. 1018.93 Section 1018.93 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) SURFACE TRANSPORTATION BOARD, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION GENERAL RULES AND REGULATIONS DEBT COLLECTION Tax Refund...

  5. 49 CFR 1018.93 - Notice requirement before offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 8 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Notice requirement before offset. 1018.93 Section 1018.93 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) SURFACE TRANSPORTATION BOARD, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION GENERAL RULES AND REGULATIONS DEBT COLLECTION Tax Refund...

  6. 45 CFR 607.4 - Notice requirements before offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Notice requirements before offset. 607.4 Section 607.4 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION... unless excused in accordance with the Federal Claims Collections Standards at 4 CFR 101.1; (5)...

  7. 5 CFR 179.206 - Notice requirements before offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... CFR 550.1104(i)). (7) The right to a hearing conducted by an impartial hearing official (an... the FCCS, 4 CFR 101.1 et seq. (§ 179.214); (5) The employee's right to inspect and copy all records of... schedule for repayment of the debt in lieu of offset (4 CFR 102.2(e)). The agreement must contain...

  8. 5 CFR 179.206 - Notice requirements before offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... CFR 550.1104(i)). (7) The right to a hearing conducted by an impartial hearing official (an... the FCCS, 4 CFR 101.1 et seq. (§ 179.214); (5) The employee's right to inspect and copy all records of... schedule for repayment of the debt in lieu of offset (4 CFR 102.2(e)). The agreement must contain...

  9. 5 CFR 1639.22 - Notice requirements before offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ....C. 5514 may be made if, a minimum of 30 calendar days before salary offset is initiated, the Board... unless excused in accordance with the Federal Claims Collection Standards, 4 CFR chapter II; (e) The...) Disciplinary procedures appropriate under 5 U.S.C. chapter 75, 5 CFR part 752, or any other applicable...

  10. 7 CFR 636.15 - Offsets and assignments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... withholdings found at 7 CFR part 1403 of this title will be applicable to cost-share agreement payments. (b) WHIP participants may assign any payments in accordance with 7 CFR part 1404. ..., DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LONG TERM CONTRACTING WILDLIFE HABITAT INCENTIVE PROGRAM § 636.15 Offsets...

  11. 7 CFR 636.15 - Offsets and assignments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... at 7 CFR part 1403 of this title shall be applicable to cost-share agreement payments. (b) WHIP participants may assign any payments in accordance with 7 CFR part 1404. ..., DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LONG TERM CONTRACTING WILDLIFE HABITAT INCENTIVES PROGRAM § 636.15 Offsets...

  12. 7 CFR 636.15 - Offsets and assignments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... withholdings found at 7 CFR part 1403 of this title will be applicable to cost-share agreement payments. (b) WHIP participants may assign any payments in accordance with 7 CFR part 1404. ..., DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LONG TERM CONTRACTING WILDLIFE HABITAT INCENTIVE PROGRAM § 636.15 Offsets...

  13. 7 CFR 636.15 - Offsets and assignments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... withholdings found at 7 CFR part 1403 of this title will be applicable to cost-share agreement payments. (b) WHIP participants may assign any payments in accordance with 7 CFR part 1404. ..., DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LONG TERM CONTRACTING WILDLIFE HABITAT INCENTIVE PROGRAM § 636.15 Offsets...

  14. 7 CFR 636.15 - Offsets and assignments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... withholdings found at 7 CFR part 1403 of this title will be applicable to cost-share agreement payments. (b) WHIP participants may assign any payments in accordance with 7 CFR part 1404. ..., DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LONG TERM CONTRACTING WILDLIFE HABITAT INCENTIVE PROGRAM § 636.15 Offsets...

  15. 12 CFR 1408.21 - Collection by offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 9 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Collection by offset. 1408.21 Section 1408.21 Banks and Banking FARM CREDIT SYSTEM INSURANCE CORPORATION COLLECTION OF CLAIMS OWED THE UNITED STATES... accomplished in accordance with the provisions of these regulations, 4 CFR 102.3, and 5 CFR part 550, subpart...

  16. 12 CFR 1408.21 - Collection by offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 10 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Collection by offset. 1408.21 Section 1408.21 Banks and Banking FARM CREDIT SYSTEM INSURANCE CORPORATION COLLECTION OF CLAIMS OWED THE UNITED STATES... accomplished in accordance with the provisions of these regulations, 4 CFR 102.3, and 5 CFR part 550, subpart...

  17. 12 CFR 1408.21 - Collection by offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Collection by offset. 1408.21 Section 1408.21 Banks and Banking FARM CREDIT SYSTEM INSURANCE CORPORATION COLLECTION OF CLAIMS OWED THE UNITED STATES... accomplished in accordance with the provisions of these regulations, 4 CFR 102.3, and 5 CFR part 550, subpart...

  18. 12 CFR 1408.21 - Collection by offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 9 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Collection by offset. 1408.21 Section 1408.21 Banks and Banking FARM CREDIT SYSTEM INSURANCE CORPORATION COLLECTION OF CLAIMS OWED THE UNITED STATES... accomplished in accordance with the provisions of these regulations, 4 CFR 102.3, and 5 CFR part 550, subpart...

  19. 12 CFR 1408.21 - Collection by offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 7 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Collection by offset. 1408.21 Section 1408.21 Banks and Banking FARM CREDIT SYSTEM INSURANCE CORPORATION COLLECTION OF CLAIMS OWED THE UNITED STATES... accomplished in accordance with the provisions of these regulations, 4 CFR 102.3, and 5 CFR part 550, subpart...

  20. 10 CFR 1015.215 - Federal salary offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Indebtedness to the United States; 5 CFR 550.1101 through 550.1108, Collection by Offset from Indebted Government Employees; 31 CFR parts 900-904, the revised Federal Claims Collection Standards; and 31 CFR 285.7....C. 5514 and 31 CFR 901.3 have been fulfilled. Claims due from Federal employees will be collected...

  1. 75 FR 62348 - Reimbursement Offsets for Medical Care or Services

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-08

    ... AFFAIRS 38 CFR Part 17 RIN 2900-AN55 Reimbursement Offsets for Medical Care or Services AGENCY: Department... to amend its regulations concerning the reimbursement of medical care and services delivered to... payers are required to reimburse VA for costs related to care provided by VA to a veteran covered...

  2. 16 CFR 1027.4 - Notice requirements before offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... excused in accordance with the Federal Claims Collections Standards at 4 CFR 101.1 et seq.; (5) The... Section 1027.4 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION GENERAL SALARY OFFSET § 1027.4... debt is owed and an explanation of its nature and amount; (2) The agency's intention to collect...

  3. 76 FR 24406 - Collection by Offset From Indebted Government Employees

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-02

    ... alternative dispute resolution methods if they are not inconsistent with agency-specific laws and regulations... to reflect this change (see 74 FR 68537, December 28, 2009). To avoid any undue hardship, the... debt may now be collected by offset and allows the debtor additional opportunities to dispute the...

  4. Universal bellows joint restraint permits angular and offset movement

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kuhn, R. F., Jr.

    1965-01-01

    Universal joint-type restraint that employs ball joints permits maximum angular and lateral offset movement in a bellows joint without danger of rupture or pressure drop in the line. It is used in high pressure and high temperature applications in refineries, steam plants, or stationary power plants.

  5. Stray light of Suzaku XRT from Crab offset observations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Takei, Yoh; Akamatsu, Hiroki; Hiyama, Yuichi; Maeda, Yoshitomo; Ishida, Manabu; Mori, Hideyuki; Ishisaki, Yoshitaka; Hoshino, Akio

    2012-03-01

    The stray light is one of the systematic uncertainties in the analysis of faint diffuse objects, such as outskirts of clusters of galaxies. The stray light had been modeled so that researchers can estimate it by xissim. The model prediction sometimes differs from the observation by factors. We summarize characteristics of stray lights obtained from Crab offset observations.

  6. Going, Going, Gone: Localizing Abrupt Offsets of Moving Objects

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maus, Gerrit W.; Nijhawan, Romi

    2009-01-01

    When a moving object abruptly disappears, this profoundly influences its localization by the visual system. In Experiment 1, 2 aligned objects moved across the screen, and 1 of them abruptly disappeared. Observers reported seeing the objects misaligned at the time of the offset, with the continuing object leading. Experiment 2 showed that the…

  7. Efficient Blind Estimation of MC-CDMA Carrier Frequency Offset

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chang, Ann-Chen; Hsu, Chun; Su, Ing-Jiunn

    This letter presents an efficient blind carrier frequency offset (CFO) estimate approach for multicarrier-code division multiple access (MC-CDMA) system. It can reduce the searching grids required and improve the CFO estimating accuracy compared with conventional searching-based algorithms. Simulation results are provided for illustrating the effectiveness of the proposed blind estimate approach.

  8. 45 CFR 607.4 - Notice requirements before offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... unless excused in accordance with the Federal Claims Collections Standards at 4 CFR 101.1; (5) The... 45 Public Welfare 3 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Notice requirements before offset. 607.4 Section 607.4 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL SCIENCE...

  9. 45 CFR 607.4 - Notice requirements before offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... unless excused in accordance with the Federal Claims Collections Standards at 4 CFR 101.1; (5) The... 45 Public Welfare 3 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Notice requirements before offset. 607.4 Section 607.4 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL SCIENCE...

  10. 45 CFR 607.4 - Notice requirements before offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... unless excused in accordance with the Federal Claims Collections Standards at 4 CFR 101.1; (5) The... 45 Public Welfare 3 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Notice requirements before offset. 607.4 Section 607.4 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL SCIENCE...

  11. 45 CFR 607.4 - Notice requirements before offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... unless excused in accordance with the Federal Claims Collections Standards at 4 CFR 101.1; (5) The... 45 Public Welfare 3 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Notice requirements before offset. 607.4 Section 607.4 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL SCIENCE...

  12. Anisotropic parameter estimation using velocity variation with offset analysis

    SciTech Connect

    Herawati, I.; Saladin, M.; Pranowo, W.; Winardhie, S.; Priyono, A.

    2013-09-09

    Seismic anisotropy is defined as velocity dependent upon angle or offset. Knowledge about anisotropy effect on seismic data is important in amplitude analysis, stacking process and time to depth conversion. Due to this anisotropic effect, reflector can not be flattened using single velocity based on hyperbolic moveout equation. Therefore, after normal moveout correction, there will still be residual moveout that relates to velocity information. This research aims to obtain anisotropic parameters, ε and δ, using two proposed methods. The first method is called velocity variation with offset (VVO) which is based on simplification of weak anisotropy equation. In VVO method, velocity at each offset is calculated and plotted to obtain vertical velocity and parameter δ. The second method is inversion method using linear approach where vertical velocity, δ, and ε is estimated simultaneously. Both methods are tested on synthetic models using ray-tracing forward modelling. Results show that δ value can be estimated appropriately using both methods. Meanwhile, inversion based method give better estimation for obtaining ε value. This study shows that estimation on anisotropic parameters rely on the accuracy of normal moveout velocity, residual moveout and offset to angle transformation.

  13. Can Aerosol Offset Urban Heat Island Effect?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jin, M. S.; Shepherd, J. M.

    2009-12-01

    The Urban Heat Island effect (UHI) refers to urban skin or air temperature exceeding the temperatures in surrounding non-urban regions. In a warming climate, the UHI may intensify extreme heat waves and consequently cause significant health and energy problems. Aerosols reduce surface insolation via the direct effect, namely, scattering and absorbing sunlight in the atmosphere. Combining the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) AERONET (AErosol RObotic NETwork) observations over large cities together with Weather Research and Forecasting Model (WRF) simulations, we find that the aerosol direct reduction of surface insolation range from 40-100 Wm-2, depending on seasonality and aerosol loads. As a result, surface skin temperature can be reduced by 1-2C while 2-m surface air temperature by 0.5-1C. This study suggests that the aerosol direct effect is a competing mechanism for the urban heat island effect (UHI). More importantly, both aerosol and urban land cover effects must be adequately represented in meteorological and climate modeling systems in order to properly characterize urban surface energy budgets and UHI.

  14. Detection of object onsets and offsets: Does the primacy of onset persist even with bias for detecting offset?

    PubMed

    Donaldson, Maria J; Yamamoto, Naohide

    2016-10-01

    Onset primacy is a robust visual phenomenon in which appearance of new objects (onsets) in a scene more effectively captures observers' attention compared with disappearance of previously viewed objects (offsets). We hypothesized that the human attentional system is programmed by default to prioritize the processing of onsets, because quick detection of them is advantageous in most situations. However, the attentional priority may be able to flexibly adapt to the detection of object offsets depending on observers' behavioral goals. To test these hypotheses, two experiments were conducted in which participants were biased toward finding offset of an existing object through top-down and bottom-up manipulations. Results showed that although onset primacy was reduced to some degree under strong offset bias, in general participants continued to detect onsets efficiently. These findings did not eliminate the possibility of attentional flexibility, but they do demonstrate the robustness of onset primacy, suggesting that environmental demands or motivational factors would need to be sufficiently strong for people to switch to an adaptive attentional mode. PMID:27495326

  15. Impacts of GNSS position offsets on global frame stability

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Griffiths, Jake; Ray, Jim

    2015-04-01

    Positional offsets appear in Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) time series for a variety of reasons. Antenna or radome changes are the most common cause for these discontinuities. Many others are from earthquakes, receiver changes, and different anthropogenic modifications at or near the stations. Some jumps appear for unknown or undocumented reasons. Accurate determination of station velocities, and therefore geophysical parameters and terrestrial reference frames, requires that positional offsets be correctly found and compensated. Williams (2003) found that undetected offsets introduce a random walk error component in individual station time series. The topic of detecting positional offsets has received considerable attention in recent years (e.g., Detection of Offsets in GPS Experiment; DOGEx), and most research groups using GNSS have adopted a mix of manual and automated methods for finding them. The removal of a positional offset from a time series is usually handled by estimating the average station position on both sides of the discontinuity. Except for large earthquake events, the velocity is usually assumed constant and continuous across the positional jump. This approach is sufficient in the absence of time-correlated errors. However, GNSS time series contain periodic and power-law (flicker) errors. In this paper, we evaluate the impact to individual station results and the overall stability of the global reference frame from adding increasing numbers of positional discontinuities. We use the International GNSS Service (IGS) weekly SINEX files, and iteratively insert positional offset parameters. Each iteration includes a restacking of the modified SINEX files using the CATREF software from Institut National de l'Information Géographique et Forestière (IGN). Comparisons of successive stacked solutions are used to assess the impacts on the time series of x-pole and y-pole offsets, along with changes in regularized position and secular velocity

  16. 49 CFR 1017.9 - Coordinating offset with another Federal agency.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... administrative offset have been approved by the Office of Personnel Management, and that the provisions of 4 CFR..., and procedures of OPM; and (iii) The Board has complied with the requirements of 4 CFR 102.3... TRANSPORTATION BOARD, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION GENERAL RULES AND REGULATIONS DEBT COLLECTION-COLLECTION...

  17. Limitations on near-surface correction for multicomponent offset VSP

    SciTech Connect

    Macbeth, C.; Li, X.Y.; Horne, S.

    1994-12-31

    Multicomponent data are degraded due to near-surface scattering and non-ideal or unexpected source behavior. These effects cannot be neglected when interpreting relative wavefield attributes derived from compressional and shear waves. They confuse analyses based on standard scalar procedures and a prima facia interpretation of the vector wavefield properties. Here, the authors highlight two unique polar matrix decompositions for near-surface correction in offset VSPs, consider their inherent mathematical constraints and how they impact on subsurface interpretation. The first method is applied to a four component subset of a six component field data from a configuration of three concentric rings and walkaway source positions forming offset VSPs in the Cymric field, California. The correction appears successful in automatically converting the wavefield into its ideal form, and the qSl polarizations scatter around N15{degree}E in agreement with the layer stripping of Winterstein and Meadows (1991).

  18. What is a realistic frontal-offset test procedure?

    PubMed

    Scheunert, D; Justen, R; Herrmann, R; Zeidler, F; Decker, J; Kallina, I

    1994-06-01

    With an increasing number of vehicles satisfying the FMVSS 208 Flat Barrier Impact Test and increasing belt usage, a high reduction of occupant injuries in general and a change from acceleration-induced to intrusion-induced injury mechanisms has been observed in Europe. The significance of intrusion-induced injury mechanisms associated with offset frontal impacts is assuming greater importance. Beginning in 1978, in response to this challenge, Mercedes-Benz has emphasized front structural countermeasures that have been found to be effective in the frequent asymmetrical frontal impacts. As an internal test, an offset impact with 40% overlap against a rigid barrier was defined. The relationship between actual accident frontal-overlap damage and barrier-test overlap values is explored in the paper. The results support the view that if a test of this type and associated design countermeasures were adopted by all vehicle manufacturers, a significant reduction of injuries would take place. PMID:8011047

  19. Band offsets in c-Si/Si-XII heterojunctions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mustafa, Jamal I.; Malone, Brad D.; Cohen, Marvin L.; Louie, Steven G.

    2014-08-01

    Silicon has a rich phase diagram with a multitude of phases existing over a wide range of pressures and temperatures, in addition to the common cubic silicon (c-Si) phase. One such phase, Si-XII, was first observed less than 2 decades ago in diamond anvil experiments, and more recently as a product of nanoindentation. In some of these latter experiments, I-V measurements were performed to characterize the c-Si/Si-XII interface that results when Si-XII is formed in cubic silicon substrates. In this paper we describe calculations of the band offsets in c-Si/Si-XII heterojunctions. We find that the heterojunction is of Type I and that the band offsets are estimated to be ΔEv=0.3 eV and ΔEc=0.5 eV for the valence bands and conduction bands, respectively.

  20. Mantle flow beneath Arabia offset from the opening Red Sea

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chang, Sung-Joon; Merino, Miguel; Van der Lee, Suzan; Stein, Seth; Stein, Carol A.

    2011-02-01

    Continental rifting involves a poorly understood sequence of lithospheric stretching, volcanism, and mantle flow that evolves to seafloor spreading. We present new insight from inversion of seismic traveltimes and waveforms beneath Arabia and surroundings. Low velocities occur beneath the southern Red Sea and Gulf of Aden, consistent with active spreading. However, hot material extends not below the northern Red Sea, but is offset eastward beneath Arabia, showing mantle flow from the Afar hotspot. The location of this channel beneath volcanic rocks erupted since rifting began 30 million years ago indicates that flow moves with Arabia. We propose that the absence of seafloor spreading in the northern Red Sea reflects the offset flow. This geometry may evolve to spreading in the Northern Red Sea, rifting of Arabia, or both. This situation has aspects of both active and passive rifting, showing that both can occur before coalescing to seafloor spreading.

  1. Waveguide properties recovered from shallow diffractions in common offset GPR

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Strobach, Elmar; Harris, Brett D.; Dupuis, J. Christian; Kepic, Anton W.

    2013-01-01

    Near-surface heterogeneities produce diffractions in common offset ground-penetrating radar (GPR) data from the Gnangara Groundwater Mound, north of Perth, Western Australia. These diffracted wavefields can be enhanced and show a dispersion pattern if they propagate along a waveguide caused by a low velocity surface layer, such as moist sand on top of dry sand. Until now, GPR waveguide dispersion has been analyzed and inverted using common midpoint data. Using numerical modeling, we demonstrate that the same dispersion information can also be recovered from a diffracted electromagnetic wavefield recorded with common offset geometry. Frequency-slowness analysis of shallow diffractions in common offset GPR field data reveals high resolution dispersion curves. Inverting picked dispersion maxima to modeled curves (i.e., modal wave propagation in waveguide layer) allows estimation of waveguide height and velocities of waveguide and the underlying material. Data analysis in the frequency-wavenumber domain provides an alternative technique for extracting dispersion curves. Preliminary results validate this approach, which could be favorable in large-scale applications due to minimal processing requirement and inherent yet adjustable spatial averaging. The differences between waveguide parameters recovered from two surveys appear to be consistent with seasonal changes in moisture content and lateral changes due to variations in depositional environment. Our approach presents a new method to quantify the shallow dielectric permittivity structure of the subsurface from common offset gathers—the most commonly acquired type of GPR data. Potential applications of this method include estimation of shallow moisture distribution, early target identification for unexploded ordnance (UXO) detection, concrete slab characterization, pedological investigations, or planetary exploration.

  2. 38 CFR 1.912 - Collection by offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... accordance with the procedures set forth in 31 CFR 901.3, as well as 31 CFR part 285, VA shall collect debts... 31 CFR 901.3(b), as well as 31 CFR part 285, VA shall refer past due, legally enforceable non-tax... the offset is in the nature of a recoupment. As defined in 31 CFR 900.2(d), recoupment is a...

  3. 38 CFR 1.912 - Collection by offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... accordance with the procedures set forth in 31 CFR 901.3, as well as 31 CFR part 285, VA shall collect debts... 31 CFR 901.3(b), as well as 31 CFR part 285, VA shall refer past due, legally enforceable non-tax... the offset is in the nature of a recoupment. As defined in 31 CFR 900.2(d), recoupment is a...

  4. Calorie Offsets: Environmental Policy for the Food Environment

    PubMed Central

    Galea, Sandro

    2015-01-01

    Although obesity continues to challenge the public’s health, effective policy solutions are wanting. Borrowing from environmental protection efforts, we explored the potential for a “calorie offset” regulatory mechanism, which is similar to the carbon emission offsets used to curb greenhouse gas emissions, to mitigate the harmful health externalities of unhealthy food production. This approach might have a number of advantages over traditional policy tools, and warrants attention from health policymakers and industry alike. PMID:26066923

  5. Medical cost offsets from prescription drug utilization among Medicare beneficiaries.

    PubMed

    Roebuck, M Christopher

    2014-10-01

    This brief commentary extends earlier work on the value of adherence to derive medical cost offset estimates from prescription drug utilization. Among seniors with chronic vascular disease, 1% increases in condition-specific medication use were associated with significant (P  less than  0.001) reductions in gross nonpharmacy medical costs in the amounts of 0.63% for dyslipidemia, 0.77% for congestive heart failure, 0.83% for diabetes, and 1.17% for hypertension. PMID:25278321

  6. Mantle Flow beneath Arabia Offset from the Opening Red Sea

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Stein, S. A.; Chang, S.; Merino, M.; van der Lee, S.; Stein, C. A.

    2010-12-01

    The rifting of continents involves a complex and poorly understood sequence of lithospheric stretching, volcanism, and mantle flow that eventually gives rise to seafloor spreading that forms a new ocean basin. The Red Sea, forming as the Arabian plate diverges from Africa, is a classic area for studying this process. Here, we present new insight from joint inversion of seismic wave travel times and waveforms to map velocity structure beneath Arabia and its surroundings. We find the low velocities expected for hot upwelling mantle material centered beneath the southern Red Sea and Gulf of Aden, consistent with the active spreading there. However, this hot material extends not below the northern Red Sea, but is instead offset to the east beneath Arabia, showing northward upper mantle flow from the Afar hotspot. The location of this low velocity channel beneath volcanic rocks erupted since rifting began 30 million years ago indicates that although the flow originates from the hotspot that is essentially fixed in the upper mantle, the channel moves with the Arabian plate. We thus propose that the absence of seafloor spreading in the northern Red Sea reflects the offset mantle flow. Because this offset has existed for millions of years, it is unclear whether it will evolve into seafloor spreading, rifting of Arabia above the channel, or both. This situation has aspects of the end-member models of rifting initiated by either mantle flow or lithospheric extension, and thus shows that the two can occur somewhat independently in different places before coalescing to seafloor spreading.

  7. Error analysis for the Fourier domain offset estimation algorithm

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wei, Ling; He, Jieling; He, Yi; Yang, Jinsheng; Li, Xiqi; Shi, Guohua; Zhang, Yudong

    2016-02-01

    The offset estimation algorithm is crucial for the accuracy of the Shack-Hartmann wave-front sensor. Recently, the Fourier Domain Offset (FDO) algorithm has been proposed for offset estimation. Similar to other algorithms, the accuracy of FDO is affected by noise such as background noise, photon noise, and 'fake' spots. However, no adequate quantitative error analysis has been performed for FDO in previous studies, which is of great importance for practical applications of the FDO. In this study, we quantitatively analysed how the estimation error of FDO is affected by noise based on theoretical deduction, numerical simulation, and experiments. The results demonstrate that the standard deviation of the wobbling error is: (1) inversely proportional to the raw signal to noise ratio, and proportional to the square of the sub-aperture size in the presence of background noise; and (2) proportional to the square root of the intensity in the presence of photonic noise. Furthermore, the upper bound of the estimation error is proportional to the intensity of 'fake' spots and the sub-aperture size. The results of the simulation and experiments agreed with the theoretical analysis.

  8. Shielding analysis of the IEM cell offset adapter plate

    SciTech Connect

    Simons, R.L.

    1995-01-13

    The adapter plate for the Interim Examination and Maintenance (IEM) cell ten foot ceiling valve was modified so that the penetration through the valve is offset to the north side of the steel plate. The modifications required that the shielding effectiveness be evaluated for several operating conditions. The highest gamma ray dose rate (51 mrem/hr) occurs when a Core Component Container (CCC) with six high burn-up driver fuel assemblies is transferred into or out of Solid Waste Cask (SWC). The neutron dose rate at the same source location is 2.5 mrem/hr. The total dose rate during the transfer is less than the 200 mrem/hr limit. If the ten foot ceiling valve is closed, the dose rate with twelve DFA in the cell will be less than 0.1 mrem/hr. However, with the ceiling valve open the dose rate will be as high as 12 mrem/hr. The latter condition will require controlled access to the area around the offset adapter plate when the ceiling valve is open. It was found that gaps in the shield block around the SWC floor valve will allow contact dose rates as high as 350 mrem/hr during the transfer of a fully loaded CCC. Although this situation does not pertain to the offset adapter plate, it will require controlled access around the SWC valve during the transfer of a fully loaded CCC.

  9. Validation of Maturity Offset in the Fels Longitudinal Study.

    PubMed

    Malina, Robert M; Choh, Audrey C; Czerwinski, Stefan A; Chumlea, Wm Cameron

    2016-08-01

    Sex-specific equations for predicting maturity offset, time before or after peak height velocity (PHV), were evaluated in 63 girls and 74 boys from the Fels Longitudinal Study. Serially measured heights (0.1 cm), sitting heights (0.1 cm), weights (0.1 kg), and estimated leg lengths (0.1 cm) from 8 to 18 years were used. Predicted age at PHV (years) was calculated as the difference between chronological age (CA) and maturity offset. Actual age at PHV for each child was derived with a triple logistic model (Bock-Thissen-du Toit). Mean predicted maturity offset was negative and lowest at 8 years and increased linearly with increasing CA. Predicted ages at PHV increased linearly with CA from 8 to 18 years in girls and from 8 to 13 years in boys; predictions varied within relatively narrow limits from 12 to 15 years and then increased to 18 years in boys. Differences between predicted and actual ages at PHV among youth of contrasting maturity status were significant across the age range in both sexes. Dependence of predicted age at PHV upon CA at prediction and on actual age at PHV limits its utility as an indicator of maturity timing and in sport talent programs. PMID:26757350

  10. Multi-offset GPR methods for hyporheic zone investigations

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Brosten, T.R.; Bradford, J.H.; McNamara, J.P.; Gooseff, M.N.; Zarnetske, J.P.; Bowden, W.B.; Johnston, M.E.

    2009-01-01

    Porosity of stream sediments has a direct effect on hyporheic exchange patterns and rates. Improved estimates of porosity heterogeneity will yield enhanced simulation of hyporheic exchange processes. Ground-penetrating radar (GPR) velocity measurements are strongly controlled by water content thus accurate measures of GPR velocity in saturated sediments provides estimates of porosity beneath stream channels using petrophysical relationships. Imaging the substream system using surface based reflection measurements is particularly challenging due to large velocity gradients that occur at the transition from open water to saturated sediments. The continuous multi-offset method improves the quality of subsurface images through stacking and provides measurements of vertical and lateral velocity distributions. We applied the continuous multi-offset method to stream sites on the North Slope, Alaska and the Sawtooth Mountains near Boise, Idaho, USA. From the continuous multi-offset data, we measure velocity using reflection tomography then estimate water content and porosity using the Topp equation. These values provide detailed measurements for improved stream channel hydraulic and thermal modelling. ?? 2009 European Association of Geoscientists & Engineers.

  11. 7 CFR 3.80 - Written agreement to repay debts as alternative to salary offset.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... salary offset. 3.80 Section 3.80 Agriculture Office of the Secretary of Agriculture DEBT MANAGEMENT Federal Salary Offset § 3.80 Written agreement to repay debts as alternative to salary offset. (a... issued under § 3.78. (b) USDA response. USDA will notify the employee whether the employee's...

  12. 75 FR 16493 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Distribution of Continued Dumping and Subsidy Offset to...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-01

    ... Continued Dumping and Subsidy Offset to Affected Domestic Producers (CDSOA) AGENCY: U.S. Customs and Border... Dumping and Subsidy Offset to Affected Domestic Procedures. This request for comment is being made... Continued Dumping and Subsidy Offset to Affected Domestic Producers (CDSOA). OMB Number: 1651-0086....

  13. Offsets and conservation of the species of the EU habitats and birds directives.

    PubMed

    Regnery, Baptiste; Couvet, Denis; Kerbiriou, Christian

    2013-12-01

    Biodiversity offsets are intended to achieve no net loss of biodiversity due to economic and human development. A variety of biodiversity components are addressed by offset policies. It is required that loss of protected species due to development be offset under the EU Habitats and Birds Directives in Europe. We call this type of offset a species-equality offset because the offset pertains to the same species affected by the development project. Whether species equality can be achieved by offset design is unknown. We addressed this gap by reviewing derogation files (i.e., specific files that describe mitigation measures to ensure no net loss under the EU Habitats and Birds Directives) from 85 development projects in France (2009-2010). We collected information on type of effect (reversible vs. irreversible) and characteristics of affected and offset sites (i.e., types of species, total area). We analyzed how the type of effect and the affected-site characteristics influenced the occurrence of offset measures. The proportion of species targeted by offset measures (i.e., offset species) increased with the irreversibility of the effect of development and the conservation status of the species affected by development (i.e., affected species). Not all effects on endangered species (International Union for Conservation of Nature Red List) were offset; on average, 82% of affected species would be offset. Twenty-six percent of species of least concern were offset species. Thirty-five percent of development projects considered all affected species in their offset measures. Species richness was much lower in offset sites than in developed sites even after offset proposals. For developed areas where species richness was relatively high before development, species richness at offset sites was 5-10 times lower. The species-equality principle appears to have been applied only partially in offset policies, as in the EU directives. We suggest the application of this principle

  14. Zero-Offset VSP in the COSC-1 borehole

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Krauß, Felix; Simon, Helge; Giese, Rüdiger; Buske, Stefan; Hedin, Peter; Juhlin, Christopher; Lorenz, Henning

    2015-04-01

    As support for the COSC drilling project (Collisional Orogeny in the Scandinavian Caledonides), an extensive seismic survey took place during September and October 2014 in and around the newly drilled borehole COSC-1. The main aim of the COSC project is to better understand orogenic processes in past and recently active mountain belts. For this an approx. 2.5 km deep borehole, with nearly 100% core recovery, was drilled in the Scandinavian Caledonides, close to the town of Åre in western Jämtland/Sweden. The seismic survey consisted of a high resolution zero-offset VSP (vertical seismic profiling) and a multi-azimuthal walkaway VSP experiment with receivers at the surface and in the borehole. For the zero-offset VSP (ZVSP) a hydraulic hammer source (VIBSIST 3000) was used and activated over a period of 20 seconds as a sequence of impacts with increasing hit frequency. For each source point, 25 seconds of data were recorded. The wavefield was recorded in the borehole by 15 three-component receivers using a Sercel Slimwave geophone chain with an inter-tool spacing of 10 meters. The ZVSP was designed to result in a geophone spacing of 2 meters over the whole borehole length. The source was about 30 meters away from the borehole and thus, provides a poor geometry to rotate 3C-data in greater depths. For this reason, a check shot position was defined in about 1.9 km distance to the borehole. With this offset shots, it is possible to rotate the components of the 3C receivers and to concentrate the S-wave energy on one component and thus, increase the signal-to-noise ratio of S-wave events. This offset source point was activated periodically for certain depth positions of the geophone chain. The stacked ZVSP-data show a high signal-to-noise ratio and good data quality. Frequencies up to 150 Hz were recorded. On the vertical component, clear direct P-wave arrivals are visible. Several P-wave reflections occur below 1600 meters depth. After rotating the components

  15. Fracture characterization from near-offset VSP inversion

    SciTech Connect

    Horne, S. |; MacBeth, C.; Queen, J.; Rizer, W.; Cox, V.

    1997-01-01

    A global optimization method incorporating a ray-tracing scheme is used to invert observations of shear-wave splitting from two near-offset VSPs recorded at the Conoco Borehole Test Facility, Kay County, Oklahoma. Inversion results suggest that the seismic anisotropy is due to a non-vertical fracture system. This interpretation is constrained by the VSP acquisition geometry for which two sources are employed along near diametrically opposite azimuths about the well heads. A correlation is noted between the time-delay variations between the fast and slow split shear waves and the sandstone formations.

  16. Quantification of severe liver iron overload using MRI offset echoes

    PubMed Central

    Rydén, Henric

    2015-01-01

    Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has become the clinical standard to estimate liver iron overload. The most commonly used method is to measure the transversal relaxation time, T2*, from a multi gradient recalled echo sequence (MGRE). While this technique is reliable in low to moderate liver iron concentrations (LIC), it will be inaccurate when it is severe. We report a case with severe liver hemochromatosis and show the benefit of using an easily implemented MRI offset echo sequence to more accurately estimate LIC. After adjusting treatment, both Ferritin and LIC decreased. Using standard MGRE this reduction could not have been detected. PMID:26060576

  17. A Process Positioning System for Sheet-Fed Offset Press

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ma, Li E.; Zhang, Hai Yan; Li, Wei

    Sheet positioning time is one of the main influence factors to improve the printing velocity of offset printing press. In the process positioning system, stepping motor, transducer and roller wheels replace the traditional mechanical front and side guide system. Front and side guiding is finished while the paper is moving in the feeding table. The paper position signal detected by transducer is transferred to the stepping motors which control the wheels above the paper. Then the paper moves in the longitudinal and side direction. So the front and side position of the printing paper is definite.

  18. Reduction of Phase Ambiguity in an Offset-QPSK Receiver

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Berner, Jeff; Kinman, Peter

    2004-01-01

    Proposed modifications of an offset-quadri-phase-shift keying (offset-QPSK) transmitter and receiver would reduce the amount of signal processing that must be done in the receiver to resolve the QPSK fourfold phase ambiguity. Resolution of the phase ambiguity is necessary in order to synchronize, with the received carrier signal, the signal generated by a local oscillator in a carrier-tracking loop in the receiver. Without resolution of the fourfold phase ambiguity, the loop could lock to any of four possible phase points, only one of which has the proper phase relationship with the carrier. The proposal applies, more specifically, to an offset-QPSK receiver that contains a carrier-tracking loop like that shown in Figure 1. This carrier-tracking loop does not resolve or reduce the phase ambiguity. A carrier-tracking loop of a different design optimized for the reception of offset QPSK could reduce the phase ambiguity from fourfold to twofold, but would be more complex. Alternatively, one could resolve the fourfold phase ambiguity by use of differential coding in the transmitter, at a cost of reduced power efficiency. The proposed modifications would make it possible to reduce the fourfold phase ambiguity to twofold, with no loss in power efficiency and only relatively simple additional signal-processing steps in the transmitter and receiver. The twofold phase ambiguity would then be resolved by use of a unique synchronization word, as is commonly done in binary phase-shift keying (BPSK). Although the mathematical and signal-processing principles underlying the modifications are too complex to explain in detail here, the modifications themselves would be relatively simple and are best described with the help of simple block diagrams (see Figure 2). In the transmitter, one would add a unit that would periodically invert bits going into the QPSK modulator; in the receiver, one would add a unit that would effect different but corresponding inversions of bits coming out

  19. Luminosity Optimization With Offset, Crossing Angle, and Distortion

    SciTech Connect

    Wu, Juhao; Raubenheimer, T.O.; /SLAC

    2005-06-15

    In a linear collider, sources of beam jitter due to kicker noise, quadrupole vibration and long-range transverse wakefields will lead to beam offsets and tilts at the Intersection Point (IP). In addition, sources of emittance dilution such as short-range transverse wakefields or dispersive errors will lead to internal beam distortions. When the IP disruption parameter is large, these beam imperfections will be amplified by a single bunch kink instability which will lead to luminosity loss. In this paper, we study the luminosity loss and then the optimization required to partially cancel the luminosity loss both analytically and with direct simulation.

  20. Quantification of severe liver iron overload using MRI offset echoes.

    PubMed

    Rydén, Henric; Skorpil, Mikael

    2015-05-01

    Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has become the clinical standard to estimate liver iron overload. The most commonly used method is to measure the transversal relaxation time, T2*, from a multi gradient recalled echo sequence (MGRE). While this technique is reliable in low to moderate liver iron concentrations (LIC), it will be inaccurate when it is severe. We report a case with severe liver hemochromatosis and show the benefit of using an easily implemented MRI offset echo sequence to more accurately estimate LIC. After adjusting treatment, both Ferritin and LIC decreased. Using standard MGRE this reduction could not have been detected. PMID:26060576