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Sample records for adrian russell north

  1. Alfred Russel Wallace's North American tour: transatlantic evolutionism.

    PubMed

    Fichman, M

    2001-06-01

    Evolutionary theory aroused vigorous debate in the late-19th century, regarding both its scientific status and its sociocultural implications. Alfred Russel Wallace's lecture tour of North America, during 1886-1887, affords a striking insight into his particular interpretation of evolution and reveals the depth of his conviction that science was inseparable from ethical and political realities. Wallace's views on matters scientific and cultural were as controversial and significant in North America as they were in Great Britain and Europe. PMID:11468798

  2. 76 FR 14101 - Bruss North America; Russell Springs, KY; Bruss North America; Orion, MI; Amended Revised...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-15

    ... Springs, Kentucky. The workers are engaged in the production of automobile parts and component parts. The notice was published in the Federal Register on February 10, 2011 (76 FR 7590). At the request of the... production of automobile parts at the Russell Springs, Kentucky location of Bruss North America. The...

  3. The Russell gold deposit, Carolina Slate Belt, North Carolina

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Klein, T.L.; Cunningham, C.G.; Logan, M.A.V.; Seal, R.R.

    2007-01-01

    Gold deposits have been mined in the Carolina slate belt from the early 1800s to recent times, with most of the production from large mines in South Carolina. The Russell mine, one of the larger producers in North Carolina, is located in the central Uwharrie Mountains, and produced over 470 kg of gold. Ore grades averaged about 3.4 grams per tonne (g/ t), with higher-grade zones reported. The Russell deposit is interpreted to be a sediment-hosted, gold-rich, base-metal poor, volcanogenic massive sulfide deposit in which gold was remobilized, in part, during Ordovician metamorphism. The ore was deposited syngenetically with laminated siltstones of the late Proterozoic Tillery Formation that have been metamorphosed to a lower greenschist facies. The Tillery Formation regionally overlies subaerial to shallow marine rhyolitic volcanic and volcaniclastic rocks of the Uwharrie Formation and underlies the marine volcanic and sedimentary rocks of the Cid Formation. Recent mapping has shown that a rhyolitic dome near the Russell mine was extruded during the deposition of the lower part of the Tillery Formation, at about the same time as ore deposition. Relict mafic, rock fragments present in the ore zones suggest contemporaneous bimodal (rhyolite-basalt) volcanism. The maximum formation age of the Russell deposit is younger than 558 Ma, which is similar to that of the larger, well known Brewer, Haile, and Ridgeway deposits of South Carolina. Gold was mined from at least six zones that are parallel to the regional metamorphic foliation. These strongly deformed zones consist of northeast-trending folds, high-angle reverse faults, and asymmetric doubly plunging folds overturned to the southeast. The dominant structure at the mine is an asymmetric doubly plunging anticline with the axis trending N 45?? E, probably related to late Ordovician (456 ?? 2 Ma) regional metamorphism and deformation. Two stages of pyrite growth are recognized. Stage 1, primary, spongy pyrite, is

  4. Alfred Russel Wallace's world of final causes.

    PubMed

    Smith, Charles H

    2013-12-01

    Alfred Russel Wallace (1823-1913) is an important figure in the history of science, but there remain many questions about the nature of his world view, and how it developed. Here, Wallace's appreciation of the role of final causes in evolution is linked to some of its probable origins, with an emphasis on the influence of Alexander von Humboldt (1769-1859). The question is then asked whether a final causes-based scientific agenda might be possible, and answered by drawing attention to two current efforts in that direction by Adrian Bejan, and by the author. A sketch of the latter approach, adapted from Spinozian thinking, is given, with an empirical example involving drainage basin morphology that suggests structural influences of a final causes sort. PMID:24019011

  5. 14. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, March ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    14. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, March 19, 1937 WHITE MARBLE MANTEL ON NORTH WALL OF LIVING ROOM, FIRST FLOOR - 251 North Conception Street (House), Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  6. 1. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, September ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, September 1, 1936 WROUGHT IRON FENCE IN DRIVEWAY, KLING HOME - 254 NORTH JACKSON STREET - Butt-Kling House (Iron Gate), 254 North Jackson Street, Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  7. 2. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, September ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    2. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, September 1, 1936 FENCE AND GATE, WINDOW SPANGLES, KLING HOME - 254 NORTH JACKSON STREET - Butt-Kling House (Iron Gate), 254 North Jackson Street, Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  8. Hertzsprung-Russell Diagram

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chiosi, C.; Murdin, P.

    2000-11-01

    The Hertzsprung-Russell diagram (HR-diagram), pioneered independently by EJNAR HERTZSPRUNG and HENRY NORRIS RUSSELL, is a plot of the star luminosity versus the surface temperature. It stems from the basic relation for an object emitting thermal radiation as a black body: ...

  9. 13. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, April ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    13. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, April 2, 1937 BLACK MARBLE MANTEL ON SO. WALL LIVING ROOM, FIRST FLOOR - Calvert-Webster House, 265 North Conception Street, Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  10. 15. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, February ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    15. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, February 16, 1937 MARBLE MANTEL ON NORTH WALL OF REAR ROOM, SECOND FLOOR - Azalea Grove, 55 South McGregor Avenue, Spring Hill, Mobile County, AL

  11. 29. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, October ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    29. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, October 19, 1936 STAINED GLASS WINDOW IN NORTH WALL - Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception, South Claiborne Street, Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  12. 9. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, July ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    9. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, July 30, 1936 DOOR IN S. WALL OF HALL, SECOND FLOOR - Washington Fire Engine Company No. 5, 7 North Lawrence Street, Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  13. 15. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, October ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    15. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, October 5, 1936 NORTH WALL OF ATTIC ROOM ON EAST SIDE OF HOUSE, SHOWING REAR DORMER RECESS - J. J. McMahon House, 456 Saint Francis Street, Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  14. 16. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, February ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    16. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, February 4, 1937 GENERAL VIEW OF NORTH (REAR) OF HALL SHOWING STAIR AND DOOR - Judge Oliver J. Semmes House, 2828 Dauphin Way, Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  15. 1. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, March ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, March 20, 1937 OLD WATER WHEEL ON CREEK TO NORTH OF CONVENT. - Convent of the Visitation, Water Wheel, Spring Hill Avenue, Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  16. 1. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, March ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, March 14, 1936 REAR VIEW, NORTH OF SLAVE QUARTERS - Waring House, Slave Quarters, 351 Government Street (now South Claiborne Street), Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  17. 11. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, December ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    11. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, December 29, 1936 DOOR IN NORTH WALL OF FRONT ROOM, SECOND FLOOR - Gibbons-Torry House, Gate & Privy, 60 South Conception Street, Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  18. 26. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, December ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    26. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, December 30, 1936 OLD PRIVYS, WEST (REAR) END OF REAR EXTENSION, FIRST FLOOR, LOOKING NORTH - Gibbons-Torry House, Gate & Privy, 60 South Conception Street, Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  19. 15. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, December ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    15. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, December 30, 1936 FIREPLACE AND MANTEL IN NORTH WALL OF REAR WEST ROOM, REAR EXTENSION, SECOND FLOOR - Gibbons-Torry House, Gate & Privy, 60 South Conception Street, Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  20. Bertrand Russell on Chinese Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zheng, Wei-ping

    2008-01-01

    The visit of Bertrand Russell to China during 1920 to 1921 was one of the most significant events in May Fourth Movement, and Russell pointed out that education was the most important thing for Chinese reconstruction. The author argues that we should interpret Russell's educational idea of China from a theoretic and practical point of view. The…

  1. Adrian Stokes and the portrait of Melanie Klein.

    PubMed

    Sayers, Janet

    2015-08-01

    This paper focuses on the offer by the art writer Adrian Stokes to commission and pay for a portrait of the psychoanalyst Melanie Klein by the artist William Coldstream. It details some of the precursors of this offer in Stokes's preceding involvement first with Klein and then with Coldstream; her response to this offer; and its outcome and aftermath in Stokes's subsequent writing about Klein and Coldstream.

  2. Adrian Stokes and the portrait of Melanie Klein.

    PubMed

    Sayers, Janet

    2015-08-01

    This paper focuses on the offer by the art writer Adrian Stokes to commission and pay for a portrait of the psychoanalyst Melanie Klein by the artist William Coldstream. It details some of the precursors of this offer in Stokes's preceding involvement first with Klein and then with Coldstream; her response to this offer; and its outcome and aftermath in Stokes's subsequent writing about Klein and Coldstream. PMID:25989030

  3. Russell in Context.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Drewe, Sheryle Bergmann

    2001-01-01

    Examines some of the themes which are prominent in the critical thinking literature today (particularly the work of Robert Ennis, Richard Paul, Matthew Lipman, Harvey Siegel, and John McPeck) and connects these with some of the themes revealed in the papers comprising this special issue on Bertrand Russell and critical thinking. (RS)

  4. Russell on Indoctrination.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Irvine, A. D.

    2001-01-01

    Argues that by adopting what Bertrand Russell calls the liberal or scientific outlook that people are able to understand both the world around them and their place in it; and it is by being sensitive to those habits of mind and educational practices that inculcate this same critical attitude or outlook that educators practice the difference…

  5. XS-1 Jack Russell

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1956-01-01

    NACA High-Speed Flight Station Rocket Shop. Jack Russell, Head of the Rocket Shop preparing to do pressurization tests on the XLR-11 rocket engine. The console provided the readings for the test of the rocket engine systems. 1956 photo

  6. 261. JEHOVAH'S WITNESSES HALL AT 1718, NORTH FRONT AND EAST ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    261. JEHOVAH'S WITNESSES HALL AT 1718, NORTH FRONT AND EAST SIDE, TOWARD SOUTHWEST, RUSSELL JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL (RUSSELL APARTMENTS) IN BACKGROUND - Russell Neighborhood, Bounded by Congress & Esquire Alley, Fifteenth & Twenty-first Streets, Louisville, Jefferson County, KY

  7. Henry Norris Russell's Toronto Lectures

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Devorkin, D. H.

    1996-12-01

    In February 1924, at the invitation of C. A. Chant, Russell presented a set of 14 public lectures on the state of astronomy and astrophysics. Designed to be inspirational, they also reveal Russell's contemporary views on the state of astrophysics as well as his sense of proper practice in astronomy. During his visit, Russell was interviewed by local reporters who asked his opinion about building a large observatory, one of Chant's major projects. What Russell had to say about such ventures did not please Chant one bit.

  8. Genetics Home Reference: Russell-Silver syndrome

    MedlinePlus

    ... Genetics Home Health Conditions Russell-Silver syndrome Russell-Silver syndrome Enable Javascript to view the expand/collapse ... Download PDF Open All Close All Description Russell-Silver syndrome is a growth disorder characterized by slow ...

  9. 15. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    15. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 REAR (EAST) AND LEFT (NORTH) ELEVATIONS - Southeast Area Survey, Sixth & G Streets (Synagogue), 132-144 & 900-905 Eleventh Street (Row Houses), 215 Second Street (House), Seventh & G Streets (School), 214 First Street (House), Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  10. 1. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 EAST END OF GROUP FROM THE NORTH - Southeast Area Survey, 101 & 122-124 Carroll Street (House), 1008 Potomac Street (House), Canal Street at Independence Avenue (Row House), 1016-1018 Potomac Street (House), Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  11. 2. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    2. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 REAR (NORTH) ELEVATION FROM THE N. W. - Southeast Area Survey, 600-602 & 1100 G Street (House), 1002,1006 Eye Street (House), 808-810,812-814, & 1016 K Street (House), 817-819 L Street (House), Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  12. 5. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    5. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 WEST END OF GROUP FROM THE NORTH - Southeast Area Survey, 101 & 122-124 Carroll Street (House), 1008 Potomac Street (House), Canal Street at Independence Avenue (Row House), 1016-1018 Potomac Street (House), Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  13. 3. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    3. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 WEST CENTER SECTION OF GROUP FROM THE NORTH - Southeast Area Survey, 101 & 122-124 Carroll Street (House), 1008 Potomac Street (House), Canal Street at Independence Avenue (Row House), 1016-1018 Potomac Street (House), Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  14. 10. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    10. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 FRONT (NORTH) ELEVATION. 819 (LEFT) 817 (RIGHT) - Southeast Area Survey, 600-602 & 1100 G Street (House), 1002,1006 Eye Street (House), 808-810,812-814, & 1016 K Street (House), 817-819 L Street (House), Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  15. 2. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    2. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 EAST CENTER SECTION OF GROUP FROM THE NORTH - Southeast Area Survey, 101 & 122-124 Carroll Street (House), 1008 Potomac Street (House), Canal Street at Independence Avenue (Row House), 1016-1018 Potomac Street (House), Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  16. 3. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    3. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 FRONT (NORTH) ELEVATION - Southeast Area Survey, 600-602 & 1100 G Street (House), 1002,1006 Eye Street (House), 808-810,812-814, & 1016 K Street (House), 817-819 L Street (House), Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  17. 4. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    4. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 ENTRY, #324 - Southeast Area Survey, 330 & 706-708 Virginia Avenue (Houses), 306-308,324-326 Virginia Avenue (Houses), 156-158 North Carolina Avenue (Houses), Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  18. 6. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer March 1959 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    6. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer March 1959 SOUTH ELEVATION FROM THE SOUTH EAST - Southeast Area Survey, 330 & 706-708 Virginia Avenue (Houses), 306-308,324-326 Virginia Avenue (Houses), 156-158 North Carolina Avenue (Houses), Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  19. 3. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    3. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 FRONT (SOUTH) ELEVATION. 324 (LEFT) 326 (RIGHT) - Southeast Area Survey, 330 & 706-708 Virginia Avenue (Houses), 306-308,324-326 Virginia Avenue (Houses), 156-158 North Carolina Avenue (Houses), Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  20. 1. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 FRONT ELEVATION, 156 (LEFT) 158 (RIGHT) - Southeast Area Survey, 330 & 706-708 Virginia Avenue (Houses), 306-308,324-326 Virginia Avenue (Houses), 156-158 North Carolina Avenue (Houses), Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  1. 2. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    2. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 FRONT ELEVATION. 306 (LEFT), 308 (RIGHT) - Southeast Area Survey, 330 & 706-708 Virginia Avenue (Houses), 306-308,324-326 Virginia Avenue (Houses), 156-158 North Carolina Avenue (Houses), Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  2. 8. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer March 1959 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    8. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer March 1959 DETAIL - 2nd AND 3rd FLOOR WINDOWS, SOUTH ELEVATION - Southeast Area Survey, 330 & 706-708 Virginia Avenue (Houses), 306-308,324-326 Virginia Avenue (Houses), 156-158 North Carolina Avenue (Houses), Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  3. 5. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer March 1959 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    5. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer March 1959 DETAIL - PLAQUE - Southeast Area Survey, 330 & 706-708 Virginia Avenue (Houses), 306-308,324-326 Virginia Avenue (Houses), 156-158 North Carolina Avenue (Houses), Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  4. 7. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    7. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 EAST ELEVATION FROM THE N. E. - Southeast Area Survey, 330 & 706-708 Virginia Avenue (Houses), 306-308,324-326 Virginia Avenue (Houses), 156-158 North Carolina Avenue (Houses), Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  5. 9. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    9. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 FRONT (SOUTH) ELEVATION FROM THE SOUTH EAST 706 (LEFT) 708 (RIGHT) - Southeast Area Survey, 330 & 706-708 Virginia Avenue (Houses), 306-308,324-326 Virginia Avenue (Houses), 156-158 North Carolina Avenue (Houses), Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  6. 15. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, March ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    15. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, March 15, 1936 BLINDS ON FRENCH TYPE DOOR OPENING ON W. REAR PORCH, 2nd STORY, N. SIDE APARTMENT - Augustine Ottenstein House, 207-209 North Jackson Street, Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  7. 4. Occident Terminal Elevator 1925 Russell Miller Milling Co. Taken ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    4. Occident Terminal Elevator 1925 Russell Miller Milling Co. Taken from east side, looking northwest. - Occident Terminal Elevator & Storage Annex, South side of second slip, north from outer end of Rice's Point, east of Garfield Avenue, Duluth, St. Louis County, MN

  8. The Hertzsprung-Russell Diagram.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Woodrow, Janice

    1991-01-01

    Describes a classroom use of the Hertzsprung-Russell diagram to infer not only the properties of a star but also the star's probable stage in evolution, life span, and age of the cluster in which it is located. (ZWH)

  9. Inside Beacon Hill: Bertrand Russell as Schoolmaster.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jespersen, Shirley

    1987-01-01

    The author describes the life and theories of Bertrand Russell, founder of Beacon Hill School. Russell's educational theories centered on the personal autonomy of the student and democratization of the learning process. (CH)

  10. Solitary Pain: Bertrand Russell as Cognitive Therapist

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Overskeid, Geir

    2004-01-01

    Bertrand Russell was a prominent philosopher, mathematician, and political activist. It is less well known that Russell suffered from various psychological problems and developed his own method of dealing with them. Continuing a long philosophical tradition, Russell examined how faulty thinking may elicit painful emotions. Though seldom, if ever,…

  11. 78 FR 49470 - Adrian Jesus Reyna, Inmate Number #80629-280, FCI Bastrop, Federal Correctional Institution, P.O...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-14

    ..., 2012 (77 FR 49699 (August 16, 2012)), has continued the Regulations in effect under the International... Bureau of Industry and Security Adrian Jesus Reyna, Inmate Number 80629-280, FCI Bastrop, Federal..., in the U.S. District Court, Western District of Texas, Adrian Jesus Reyna (``Reyna'') was...

  12. William Russell on Schools in Bulgaria

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Popov, Nikolay; Sabic-El-Rayess, Amra

    2013-01-01

    William Russell became one of the most influential educators in the field of international and comparative education in the first half of the 20th century. In 1914, William Russell obtained his PhD from Teachers College and, within few years, became a prominent figure internationally. He traveled through Europe and taught in Japan and Siberia, as…

  13. B. Russell: Speculation on the Scientific Outlook.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kennedy, Sibilla E.

    1977-01-01

    Discusses some of the opinions of Bertrand Russell presented in two of his books: "The Scientific Outlook" and "The Impact of Science on Society." What Russell feels science is, how it functions, and what its role is, and will be, in society are discussed. (HM)

  14. Silver-Russell Syndrome: A Case Report

    PubMed Central

    Kumar, Sunil; Jain, AP; Agrawal, Sachin; Chandran, Sindu

    2008-01-01

    A 15-year-old male boy with hemihypertrophy (left side) of the body was admitted in the hospital with the history of repeated attacks of convulsion. The patient was diagnosed as Silver-Russell syndrome on clinical ground. Silver-Russell syndrome (SRS) is a very rare genetic disorder that appears no later than early childhood. This is usually characterized by asymmetry in the size of the two halves or other parts of the body. Silver-Russell Syndrome occurs mostly in isolated cases because of sporadic genetic changes (mutations) for no apparent reason. For lack of facilities we were not able to do genetic study. PMID:18992170

  15. Alfred Russel Wallace deserves better.

    PubMed

    Lloyd, David; Wimpenny, Julian; Venables, Alfred

    2010-09-01

    During 2009, while we were celebrating Charles Darwin and his The origin of species, sadly, little was said about the critical contribution of Alfred Russel Wallace (1823-1913) to the development of the theory of evolution. Like Darwin, he was a truly remarkable nineteenth century intellect and polymath and, according to a recent book by Roy Davies (The Darwin conspiracy: origins of a scientific crime), he has a stronger claim to the Theory of Evolution by Natural Selection than has Darwin. Here we present a critical comparison between the contributions of the two scientists. Sometimes referred to as 'The other beetle-hunter' and largely neglected for many decades, Wallace had a far greater experience of collecting and investigating animals and plants from their native habitats than had Darwin. He was furthermore much more than a pioneer biogeographer and evolutionary theorist, and also made contributions to anthropology, ethnography, geology, land reform and social issues. However, being a more modest, self-deprecating man than Darwin, and lacking the latter's establishment connections, Wallace's contribution to the theory of evolution was not given the recognition it deserved and he was undoubtedly shabbily treated at the time. It is time that Wallace's relationship with Darwin is reconsidered in preparation for 2013, the centenary of Wallace's death, and he should be recognized as at least an equal in the Wallace-Darwin theory of evolution.

  16. Alfred Russel Wallace deserves better.

    PubMed

    Lloyd, David; Wimpenny, Julian; Venables, Alfred

    2010-09-01

    During 2009, while we were celebrating Charles Darwin and his The origin of species, sadly, little was said about the critical contribution of Alfred Russel Wallace (1823-1913) to the development of the theory of evolution. Like Darwin, he was a truly remarkable nineteenth century intellect and polymath and, according to a recent book by Roy Davies (The Darwin conspiracy: origins of a scientific crime), he has a stronger claim to the Theory of Evolution by Natural Selection than has Darwin. Here we present a critical comparison between the contributions of the two scientists. Sometimes referred to as 'The other beetle-hunter' and largely neglected for many decades, Wallace had a far greater experience of collecting and investigating animals and plants from their native habitats than had Darwin. He was furthermore much more than a pioneer biogeographer and evolutionary theorist, and also made contributions to anthropology, ethnography, geology, land reform and social issues. However, being a more modest, self-deprecating man than Darwin, and lacking the latter's establishment connections, Wallace's contribution to the theory of evolution was not given the recognition it deserved and he was undoubtedly shabbily treated at the time. It is time that Wallace's relationship with Darwin is reconsidered in preparation for 2013, the centenary of Wallace's death, and he should be recognized as at least an equal in the Wallace-Darwin theory of evolution. PMID:20826943

  17. Hertzsprung and Russell: The Minards of Astronomy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Broek, J. V. D.; Russo, P.

    2014-01-01

    This article will explore the history of flow maps, the extent of their use and how astronomy has benefited from this illustrative way of communicating ideas. Flow maps are multidimensional infographics that tell a long story in one single image. In 1812 the French civil engineer Charles Joseph Minard created a flow map that is still dubbed "the mother of all flow maps", summarising Napoleon's Russian campaign (Figure 1). Almost 100 years later, in 1910, Ejnar Hertzsprung and Henry Norris Russell created a multidimensional flow map that arguably surpasses Minard's map in ingenuity -- the Hertzprung-Russell diagram. The Hertzprung-Russell diagram represents a major step towards an understanding of stellar evolution, or "the lives of stars", and is still used in astronomy today.

  18. 6. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, June ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    6. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, June 19, 1936 OLD WELL SWEEP (LEVER IN OPERATION) - Cotton Gin & Well Sweep, Cliatt Plantation, State Route 165, Cottonton, Russell County, AL

  19. 7. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, June ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    7. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, June 19, 1936 OLD WELL SWEEP (LEVER IN UPRIGHT POSITION) - Cotton Gin & Well Sweep, Cliatt Plantation, State Route 165, Cottonton, Russell County, AL

  20. 3. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, June ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    3. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, June 19, 1936 OLD MULE GIN HOUSE LOOKING S. E. - Cotton Gin & Well Sweep, Cliatt Plantation, State Route 165, Cottonton, Russell County, AL

  1. 1. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, June ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, June 19, 1936 OLD MULE GIN HOUSE LOOKING N. W. - Cotton Gin & Well Sweep, Cliatt Plantation, State Route 165, Cottonton, Russell County, AL

  2. Myotonia congenita in a Jack Russell terrier.

    PubMed

    Lobetti, R G

    2009-06-01

    A 4-month-old male Jack Russell terrier was evaluated for non-painful muscle spasms and collapse associated with exercise and activity. Clinical examination revealed well-defined, non-painful hypertrophic muscles of the fore and hind limbs and exercise and excitement induced hindquarter bunny-hopping gait, which improved with activity but worsened with resting and with any sudden changes in direction of movement. Neurological examination and routine laboratory testing showed no abnormalities. DNA analysis for myotonia congenita showed the dog to have a gene mutation in the chloride ion channel, diagnostic for myotonia congenita, which has not been reported in the Jack Russell terrier breed. PMID:19831273

  3. The Concept of Growth in Bertrand Russell's Educational Thought.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Woodhouse, Howard

    1983-01-01

    Analyzes and considers two problems in Bertrand Russell's account of growth. Examines the principles of freedom and reverence which Russell believed best enhanced free growth. Shows that, while Russell's theory of growth is imprecise compared to those of Dewey and Whitehead, it incorporates a humanistic conception of the individual. (DAB)

  4. James Bernard Russell: Scholar, collaborator, mentor

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    At the time of his untimely death in 2009, ARS scientist Dr. James B. Russell had established himself as the premier rumen microbiologist of his generation. Dr. Russell’s many contributions to the field, including much of the early work on the Cornell Net Carbohydrate System model, were the product ...

  5. Bertrand Russell Speaks: The BBC Interviews.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wyatt, Woodrow

    1982-01-01

    Presents excerpts from 13 interviews with Bertrand Russell conducted for British television in 1959. The discussion covers the nature and purpose of philosophy, religion, war and pacifism, communism and capitalism, ethics and morality, personal and economic power, happiness, nationalism, individualism, fanaticism, and tolerance. (AM)

  6. H. N. Russell and Atomic Spectra

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Devorkin, David

    2001-04-01

    “I would rather analyze spectra than do cross-word puzzles or do almost anything else” Henry Norris Russell wrote to William F. Meggers in 1927. Meggers, chief of the spectroscopy division at the NBS, had been surprised that an astrophysicist could be so keen about the analysis of complex spectra. But Russell was a new type of astrophysicist, one who made physics the core of his research. Spectra, for Russell, held the "master key" to knowledge about the universe, and of the atom. He was first attracted by the challenge of detecting and explaining anomalies, which he hoped would lead to new knowledge about the structure of matter. Then, influenced by physicists such as Meggers, he devoted himself to filling in the picture of the structure of atoms from their characteristic spectra as completely as possible. In this talk I will review how Russell worked with Meggers and became the nucleus of an ever-widening circle of spectroscopists devoted to the analysis of complex spectra.

  7. Obituary: Louise May Russell, 1905-2009

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    This tribute is presented in recognition of a truly remarkable woman scientist– Miss Louise May Russell. She transformed herself from a farm girl in a small town in upstate New York to a world renowned entomologist who studied aphids, psyllids, scale insects, and whiteflies. She started her scient...

  8. Bertrand Russell and Education in World Citizenship.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jespersen, Shirley D.

    1987-01-01

    Examines the educational theories of Bertrand Russell and how his emphasis changed between 1915 and 1932, from the cultivation of good individuals to citizenship education advocating loyalty to a world state. Describes three factors associated with this change of emphasis, concluding that it represented an evolution of his thought. (Author/GEA)

  9. The Critical Importance of Russell's Diagram

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gingerich, O.

    2013-04-01

    The idea of dwarf and giants stars, but not the nomenclature, was first established by Eijnar Hertzsprung in 1905; his first diagrams in support appeared in 1911. In 1913 Henry Norris Russell could demonstrate the effect far more strikingly because he measured the parallaxes of many stars at Cambridge, and could plot absolute magnitude against spectral type for many points. The general concept of dwarf and giant stars was essential in the galactic structure work of Harlow Shapley, Russell's first graduate student. In order to calibrate the period-luminosity relation of Cepheid variables, he was obliged to fall back on statistical parallax using only 11 Cepheids, a very sparse sample. Here the insight provided by the Russell diagram became critical. The presence of yellow K giant stars in globular clusters credentialed his calibration of the period-luminosity relation by showing that the calibrated luminosity of the Cepheids was comparable to the luminosity of the K giants. It is well known that in 1920 Shapley did not believe in the cosmological distances of Heber Curtis' spiral nebulae. It is not so well known that in 1920 Curtis' plot of the period-luminosity relation suggests that he didn't believe it was a physical relation and also he failed to appreciate the significance of the Russell diagram for understanding the large size of the Milky Way.

  10. Henry Norris Russell and the Expanding Universe

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    DeVorkin, D.

    2013-04-01

    Henry Norris Russell, one of the most influential American astronomers of the first half of the 20th Century, had a special place in his heart for the Lowell Observatory. Although privately critical of the founder for his pronouncements about life on Mars and the superiority of the Mars Hill observing site, he always supported the Observatory in public and professional circles. He staunchly supported Tombaugh's detection of a planet as leading from Lowell's prediction, and always promoted V. M. Slipher's spectroscopic investigations of planetary and stellar phenomena. But how did he react to Slipher's puzzling detection of the extreme radial velocities of spiral nebulae starting in 1912, and how did he regard the extension and interpretation of those observations by Hubble and others in following decades? Here we describe the arc of Russell's reactions, dating from Slipher's first detection, as an indicator of how mainstream stellar astronomers reacted to the concept of an expanding universe.

  11. 262. JEHOVAH'S WITNESSES HALL AT 1718, NORTH FRONT AND WEST ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    262. JEHOVAH'S WITNESSES HALL AT 1718, NORTH FRONT AND WEST SIDE, TOWARD SOUTHEAST, 515 SOUTH EIGHTEENTH STREET, NORTH SIDE, IN BACKGROUND - Russell Neighborhood, Bounded by Congress & Esquire Alley, Fifteenth & Twenty-first Streets, Louisville, Jefferson County, KY

  12. Maps showing coal resources of the Big A Mountain Quadrangle, Russell and Buchanan counties, Virginia

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Meissner, Charles R.; Heermann, Stephen E.

    1982-01-01

    The coal-bearing Norton Formation of Early and Middle Pennsylvanian age is at the surface over most of the northwestern two-thirds of the Big A Mountain quadrangle. The southeastern part of the quadrangle, bounded on the northwest and northeast by Buffalo Mountain and Russell Fork faults, consists of highly faulted rocks ranging in age from Early Cambrian to Middle Pennsylvanian (Miller and Meissner, 1977). The coal-bearing rocks in the northwestern two-thirds of the quadrangle are bisected by the Russell Fork fault. The rocks southwest of the fault, which are part of the Cumberland overthrust block (Wentworth, 1921), have been displaced approximately four miles to the northwest (Englund, 1971) along the concealed Pine Mountain overthrust. Because the rocks of the Norton Formation are displaced laterally by the Russell Fork fault, the coal bed sequences across the fault do not match. For this reason the resources are shown separately for the coal beds north and south of the fault (table 1). The stratigraphic section from the Gladeville Sandstone to the Tiller coal bed is thicker to the south of the fault than it is to the north, as illustrated in figures 16 and 17. The Puncheon Camp, a locally important coal bed, is present only south of the fault. 

  13. 2. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer June 1963 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    2. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer June 1963 SOUTHEAST VIEW - Abner Cloud House, Intersection of Canal Road & Reservoir Road Northwest, Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  14. 1. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer June 1963 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer June 1963 SOUTHWEST VIEW - Abner Cloud House, Intersection of Canal Road & Reservoir Road Northwest, Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  15. 28. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, July ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    28. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, July 28, 1936 EAST ELEVATION (SIDE) - Audley H. Gazzam House & Servants' Quarters, 1255 Government Street, Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  16. 1. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, November ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, November 5, 1936 FRONT ELEVATION (SOUTH) - Government Street Presbyterian Church, Government & Jackson Streets, Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  17. 4. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, August ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    4. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, August 4, 1936 REFLECTED VIEW OF PORTICO CEILING - Government Street Presbyterian Church, Government & Jackson Streets, Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  18. CHARLES M. RUSSELL WILDLIFE REFUGE, MONTANA.

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Rice, Dudley D.; Miller, Michael S.

    1984-01-01

    A mineral survey of the Charles M. Russell Wildlife Refuge in Montana indicates that parts of the area have demonstrated resources of low-rank coal and bentonite in areas of substantiated potential and all of the area is assigned a probable resource potential for oil and gas because it is underlain by sedimentary strata known to contain hydrocarbons in other areas. Potential hydrocarbon accumulations, including both oil and gas, are difficult to delineate because of the absence of subsurface control points within the refuge. Geophysical surveys and directional drilling along the fringes of the wildlife refuge would aid in refining resource estimates for organic fuels. 1 ref.

  19. 21 CFR 864.8950 - Russell viper venom reagent.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Russell viper venom reagent. 864.8950 Section 864.8950 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES HEMATOLOGY AND PATHOLOGY DEVICES Hematology Reagents § 864.8950 Russell viper...

  20. 21 CFR 864.8950 - Russell viper venom reagent.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Russell viper venom reagent. 864.8950 Section 864.8950 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES HEMATOLOGY AND PATHOLOGY DEVICES Hematology Reagents § 864.8950 Russell viper...

  1. 21 CFR 864.8950 - Russell viper venom reagent.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Russell viper venom reagent. 864.8950 Section 864.8950 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES HEMATOLOGY AND PATHOLOGY DEVICES Hematology Reagents § 864.8950 Russell viper...

  2. 21 CFR 864.8950 - Russell viper venom reagent.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Russell viper venom reagent. 864.8950 Section 864.8950 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES HEMATOLOGY AND PATHOLOGY DEVICES Hematology Reagents § 864.8950 Russell viper...

  3. 21 CFR 864.8950 - Russell viper venom reagent.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Russell viper venom reagent. 864.8950 Section 864.8950 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES HEMATOLOGY AND PATHOLOGY DEVICES Hematology Reagents § 864.8950 Russell viper...

  4. The Russell Case: Academic Freedom vs. Public Hysteria.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCarthy, Joseph M.

    This paper examines issues of academic freedom and the community's role in a review of public and legal events leading to the court's striking down of the 1940 appointment of Bertrand Russell to teach at the City College of New York. Russell was to teach three philosophy courses relating logic, mathematics, and science to philosophy. Episcopal…

  5. 76 FR 39867 - Russell, John G.; Notice of Filing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-07

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Russell, John G.; Notice of Filing Take notice that on June 29, 2011, John G. Russell submitted for filing, an application for authority to hold interlocking positions, pursuant...

  6. 36 CFR 7.68 - Russell Cave National Monument.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Russell Cave National... INTERIOR SPECIAL REGULATIONS, AREAS OF THE NATIONAL PARK SYSTEM § 7.68 Russell Cave National Monument. (a) Caves—(1) Closed Areas. Entering, exploring, or remaining within any cave area other than the...

  7. 36 CFR 7.68 - Russell Cave National Monument.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Russell Cave National... INTERIOR SPECIAL REGULATIONS, AREAS OF THE NATIONAL PARK SYSTEM § 7.68 Russell Cave National Monument. (a) Caves—(1) Closed Areas. Entering, exploring, or remaining within any cave area other than the...

  8. 36 CFR 7.68 - Russell Cave National Monument.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Russell Cave National... INTERIOR SPECIAL REGULATIONS, AREAS OF THE NATIONAL PARK SYSTEM § 7.68 Russell Cave National Monument. (a) Caves—(1) Closed Areas. Entering, exploring, or remaining within any cave area other than the...

  9. 36 CFR 7.68 - Russell Cave National Monument.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Russell Cave National... INTERIOR SPECIAL REGULATIONS, AREAS OF THE NATIONAL PARK SYSTEM § 7.68 Russell Cave National Monument. (a) Caves—(1) Closed Areas. Entering, exploring, or remaining within any cave area other than the...

  10. Mapping the Universe: The 2010 Russell Lecture

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Geller, Margaret J.; Diaferio, Antonaldo; Kurtz, Michael J.

    2011-10-01

    Redshift surveys are a powerful tool of modern cosmology. We discuss two aspects of their power to map the distribution of mass and light in the universe: (1) measuring the mass distribution extending into the infall regions of rich clusters and (2) applying deep redshift surveys to the selection of clusters of galaxies and to the identification of very large structures (Great Walls). We preview the HectoMAP project, a redshift survey with median redshift z = 0.34 covering 50 deg2 to r = 21. We emphasize the importance and power of spectroscopy for exploring and understanding the nature and evolution of structure in the universe. This paper preserves the substance and style of Margaret Geller's 2010 Russell Lecture presented at the May 2011 Boston AAS Meeting.

  11. The coming of the electronic age to the Cambridge Physiological Laboratory: E.D. Adrian's valve amplifier in 1921.

    PubMed

    Bradley, J K; Tansey, E M

    1996-07-01

    E.D. Adrian, F.R.S. (1889-1975) was one of Britain's most distinguished neurophysiologists, who, during a long and productive lifetime, achieved most honours and distinctions available to a scientific man. These included the 1932 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine, shared with Sir Charles Sherrington, F.R.S., the Order of Merit (1942), and Presidency of the Royal Society (1950-55). His interest in the nervous system started at the beginning of his undergraduate career, much influenced by his Director of Studies, Keith Lucas, F.R.S. (1879-1916). Lucas, a skilled and imaginative neurophysiologist, was particularly renowned for his technical ability to design and build new equipment. In turn, his pupil's work on recording and analysing the electrical impulses in nervous tissue was also facilitated by the development of appropriate, sensitive instrumentation. This paper will describe Adrian's first use of valve amplifiers to enlarge the extremely small electrical signals then obtainable in the physiological laboratory, a development that epitomized the beginning of the electronic revolution in life sciences' laboratories.

  12. 20. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, February ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    20. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, February 16, 1937 MARBLE MANTEL, SO. WALL OF EAST HALF OF HALL, SECOND STORY - Azalea Grove, 55 South McGregor Avenue, Spring Hill, Mobile County, AL

  13. 30. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, May ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    30. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, May 25, 1936 MARBLE MANTEL IN REAR ROOM, E. WALL, 2nd FLOOR - 67-69 Government Street (Commercial Building), Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  14. 9. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, May ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    9. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, May 25, 1936 DETAIL OF MARBLE MANTEL (REAR ROOM, E. WALL) SECOND FLOOR - 67-69 Government Street (Commercial Building), Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  15. 20. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, June ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    20. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, June 7, 1935 MARBLE MANTEL AND FIREPLACE WEST REAR ROOM, FIRST FLOOR - Judge John Bragg House, 1906 Spring Hill Avenue, Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  16. 18. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, March ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    18. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, March 24, 1936 MARBLE MANTEL IN DINING ROOM, 1st FLOOR - Horta-Semmes House & Fence, 802 Government Street, Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  17. 10. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, April ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    10. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, April 3, 1937 BLOCK MARBLE MANTEL ON WEST WALL OF RECEPTION ROOM, FIRST FLOOR, MAIN BUILDING. - Convent of the Visitation, Section A, Spring Hill Avenue, Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  18. 43. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, July ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    43. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, July 28, 1936 MARBLE MANTEL IN W. REAR ROOM, FIRST FLOOR - Audley H. Gazzam House & Servants' Quarters, 1255 Government Street, Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  19. 20. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, December ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    20. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, December 29, 1936 BLACK MARBLE MANTEL ON SOUTH WALL OF FRONT ROOM, FIRST FLOOR - Gibbons-Torry House, Gate & Privy, 60 South Conception Street, Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  20. 19. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, February ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    19. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, February 16, 1937 MARBLE MANTEL, NO. WALL of FRONT ROOM, 1st FLOOR - Azalea Grove, 55 South McGregor Avenue, Spring Hill, Mobile County, AL

  1. 21. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, February ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    21. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, February 16, 1937 WHITE MARBLE MANTEL ON NO. WALL OF FRONT ROOM, SECOND FLOOR - Azalea Grove, 55 South McGregor Avenue, Spring Hill, Mobile County, AL

  2. 15. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, April ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    15. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, April 7, 1936 MARBLE MANTEL IN FRONT ROOM, 2nd FLOOR, S. SIDE OF BUILDING - Henry Horst House, 110 Saint Emanuel Street, Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  3. 17. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, February ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    17. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, February 5, 1937 MANTEL (WHITE MARBLE) ON WEST WALL OF LIVING ROOM - Judge Oliver J. Semmes House, 2828 Dauphin Way, Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  4. 13. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, July ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    13. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, July 20, 1935 WHITE MARBLE MANTEL AND FIREPLACE N. FRONT ROOM - LIBRARY - Eslava House, 152 Tuthill Lane, Spring Hill, Mobile County, AL

  5. 8. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, April ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    8. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, April 9, 1935 OLD ITALIAN WHITE MARBLE, MANTEL IN REAR W. ROOM - Smith-Clarke House, 161 Saint Anthony Street, Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  6. 6. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, March ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    6. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, March 14, 1935 DOUBLE DOORWAY BETWEEN DRAWING ROOMS - FRONT EAST RMS., SALON + LIBRARY - Waring House, 351 Government Street, Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  7. 14. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer June 1963 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    14. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer June 1963 DOOR DETAIL From Dining Room to Garden - Timothy Caldwell House, 2017 "Eye" Street Northwest, Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  8. 1. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, April ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, April 19, 1937 BIRD'S EYE VIEW OF BUILDINGS & GROUNDS LOOKING NW. (A PHOTOGRAPHIC COPY OF AN ENGRAVING). - Convent of the Visitation, 2300 Spring Hill Avenue, Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  9. 15. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer June 1963 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    15. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer June 1963 WINDOW DETAIL Rear Main House, First Floor - Timothy Caldwell House, 2017 "Eye" Street Northwest, Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  10. 32. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, October ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    32. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, October 19, 1936 WOOD BALUSTRADE ON ORGAN AND CHOIR BALCONY, EAST END OF NAVE - Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception, South Claiborne Street, Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  11. 31. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, October ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    31. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, October 23, 1936 WINDING STAIR TO ORGAN AND CHOIR BALCONY IN SOUTH TOWER - Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception, South Claiborne Street, Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  12. 10. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, October ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    10. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, October 23, 1936 EAST END OF NAVE SHOWING ORGAN AND CHOIR BALCONY AND ENTRANCE - Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception, South Claiborne Street, Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  13. 11. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, October ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    11. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, October 23, 1936 VIEW OF WEST END OF NAVE FROM ORGAN BALCONY SHOWING SANCTUARY AND APSE - Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception, South Claiborne Street, Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  14. 8. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, January ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    8. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, January 15, 1937 OLD SMOKE HOUSE - FRONT (WEST), SOUTH SIDE - Vogtner Farm (House & Smokehouse), Jeff Hamilton Road vicinity, Dawes, Mobile County, AL

  15. 35. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, May ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    35. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, May 26, 1936 MANTEL AND SOAPSTONE HEARTH IN W. WALL OF SERVANT'S QUARTERS - 67-69 Government Street (Commercial Building), Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  16. 20. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, May ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    20. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, May 26, 1936 MANTEL AND SOAPSTONE HEARTH, E. WALL OF S. ROOM, 4th FLOOR - 67-69 Government Street (Commercial Building), Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  17. 1. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, August ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, August 31, 1936 STEPS AND RAILINGS, OLD BERNHEIMER HOME - 155 MONROE STREET - Batre-Bernheimer-Saad House, 155 Monroe Street, Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  18. 1. Historic American Buildings Survey COPIED E. W. Russell, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. Historic American Buildings Survey COPIED - E. W. Russell, Photographer, August 31, 1936 75TH ANNIVERSARY YEARBOOK (NOT COPYRIGHT) - VIEW OF ORIGINAL BUILDING - Spring Hill College, Original Building, Old Shell Road, Spring Hill, Mobile County, AL

  19. 29. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, September ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    29. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, September 29, 1936 FENCE (SHOWING GATE) SURROUNDING LOT OF THE STEPHEN TWELVES AND JARVIS TURNER FAMILIES, MAGNOLIA CEMETERY - Magnolia Cemetery (Ironwork), Virginia Street, Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  20. 1. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, September ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, September 1, 1936 FRONT ELEVATION, R. H. REDWOOD HOME - 260 ST. LOUIS STREET - R. H. Redwood House (Ironwork), 260 Saint Louis Street, Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  1. 48. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, July ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    48. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, July 28, 1936 VIEW IN 3d STORY HALL SHOWING REAR DORMER - Audley H. Gazzam House & Servants' Quarters, 1255 Government Street, Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  2. 3. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, June ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    3. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, June 19, 1936 VIEW OF PINION WHEEL, WHEEL SHAFT, SHAFT LEAVERS AND GIN - Gin House, State Highway 41 (moved from AL, Goode Plantation), Franklin, Monroe County, AL

  3. 11. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, October ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    11. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, October 5, 1936 INTERIOR OF FRENCH WINDOW, W. FRONT ROOM, SOUTH WALL - J. J. McMahon House, 456 Saint Francis Street, Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  4. 12. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, October ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    12. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, October 5, 1936 SLIDING DOUBLE DOOR BETWEEN FRONT AND REAR ROOMS, WEST SIDE OF HOUSE - J. J. McMahon House, 456 Saint Francis Street, Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  5. 5. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, October ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    5. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, October 5, 1936 VIEW IN FRONT PORCH, TOWARDS EAST, SHOWING FRONT ENTRANCE - J. J. McMahon House, 456 Saint Francis Street, Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  6. 13. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, October ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    13. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, October 5, 1936 DOORS BETWEEN FRONT AND REAR ROOMS, EAST SIDE OF HOUSE - J. J. McMahon House, 456 Saint Francis Street, Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  7. 16. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, October ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    16. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, October 6, 1936 FIREPLACE WITH RAISED BRICK HEARTH, W. WALL OF ATTIC ROOM - J. J. McMahon House, 456 Saint Francis Street, Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  8. 1. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer March 1959 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer March 1959 FRONT (SOUTH) ELEVATION FROM THE SOUTH EAST. - Justice Horace Gray House, 1601 Eye Street Northwest, Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  9. 3. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, January ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    3. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, January 4, 1937 HAND HEWED TIMBER PORCH BEAM RUNNING THROUGH PORTICO COLUMNS - Ruins of Augusta Evans Wilson House, Lanier Avenue, Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  10. 1. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, February ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, February 6, 1936 WROUGHT IRON FENCE AND GATE WITH CAST IRON ORNAMENTS, 251 Saint Joseph Street - 251 Saint Joseph Street (Iron Fence & Gate), Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  11. 1. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, February ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, February 6, 1936 COMBINATION CAST IRON AND WROUGHT IRON GATE IN FRONT OD 215 SOUTH CONCEPTION STREET - 215 South Conception Street (Iron Fence & Gate), Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  12. 6. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer February 1959 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    6. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer February 1959 COLUMN DETAIL, ENTRY PORCH, 2620 K STREET, N.W. - Peter Houses, 2618-2620 K Street Northwest, Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  13. 36. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, July ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    36. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, July 28, 1936 REAR EXTENSION OF SECOND STORY PORCH, LOOKING So. - Audley H. Gazzam House & Servants' Quarters, 1255 Government Street, Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  14. 11. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, July ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    11. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, July 28, 1936 DOOR TO REAR STAIR, EAST END OF FIRST FLOOR PORCH - Audley H. Gazzam House & Servants' Quarters, 1255 Government Street, Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  15. 10. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, July ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    10. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, July 28, 1936 CLOSE-UP OF DORMER ON REAR - Audley H. Gazzam House & Servants' Quarters, 1255 Government Street, Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  16. 30. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, July ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    30. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, July 28, 1936 REAR ELEVATION SHOWING EXTENSION - Audley H. Gazzam House & Servants' Quarters, 1255 Government Street, Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  17. 28. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, September ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    28. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, September 29, 1936 TOMB, FENCE AND GATE TO FAMILY BURIAL LOT OF HOPE H. SLATER IN MAGNOLIA CEMETERY - Magnolia Cemetery (Ironwork), Virginia Street, Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  18. 41. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, July ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    41. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, July 28, 1936 VIEW OF HALL TOWARDS REAR - Audley H. Gazzam House & Servants' Quarters, 1255 Government Street, Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  19. 29. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, July ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    29. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, July 28, 1936 CLOSE-UP EAST ELEVATION FROM REAR - Audley H. Gazzam House & Servants' Quarters, 1255 Government Street, Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  20. 31. RUSSELL DIZE, CAPTAIN AND OWNER, AT HELM OF KATHRYN ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    31. RUSSELL DIZE, CAPTAIN AND OWNER, AT HELM OF KATHRYN (Photocopy of 35mm color slide taken by Todd Croteau, 1997) - KATHRYN-Two-sail Bateau "Skipjack", Dogwood Harbor, Chesapeake Bay, Tilghman, Talbot County, MD

  1. 30. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, September ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    30. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, September 29, 1936 CORNER SECTION OF FENCE SURROUNDING BURIAL PLOT OF EMANUEL GREEN, MAGNOLIA CEMETERY - Magnolia Cemetery (Ironwork), Virginia Street, Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  2. 2. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, September ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    2. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, September 1, 1936 CLOSE- UP OF SECTION ON FRONT OF PORCH, WILLIAM H. KETCHUM - 400 GOVERNMENT STREET - William H. Ketchum House & Gates (Ironwork), 400 Government Street, Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  3. 1. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, September ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, September 15, 1936 SIDNEY SMITH PLACE - 203 GOVERNMENT ST., FRONT ELEVATION - Sidney Smith House (Iron Gate & Balcony), 203 Government Street, Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  4. 8. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, August ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    8. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, August 4 1936. GENERAL VIEW OF CEILING IN MAIN AUDITORIUM. - Government Street Presbyterian Church, Government & Jackson Streets, Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  5. 3. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, September ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    3. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, September 1, 1936 EAST VIEW OF HOUSE, ENTRANCE ON FRANKLIN STREET, WILLIAM H. KETCHUM - 400 GOVERNMENT STREET - William H. Ketchum House & Gates (Ironwork), 400 Government Street, Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  6. 1. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, Sept. ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, Sept. 2, 1936 B.P. Bester-- 208 Government Street, Front (side) and West Side - Daniel Perrin Bestor, Jr., House (Ironwork), 208 Government Street, Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  7. 13. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, September ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    13. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, September 15, 1936 STAIR ON E. WALL OF BASEMENT - Government Street Presbyterian Church, Government & Jackson Streets, Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  8. 1. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, September ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, September 1, 1936 EAST SIDE AND SOUTH FRONT, 400 GOVERNMENT STREET - William H. Ketchum House & Gates (Ironwork), 400 Government Street, Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  9. 11. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, August ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    11. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, August 4, 1936 STAIR ON WEST SIDE, VIEW THROUGH DOOR ON W. END OF FRONT PORTICO - Government Street Presbyterian Church, Government & Jackson Streets, Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  10. 3. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, August ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    3. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, August 4, 1936 DENTIL, COLUMN AND PILASTER CAPS, SOUTH ELEVATION (FRONT) - Government Street Presbyterian Church, Government & Jackson Streets, Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  11. 5. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, September ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    5. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, September 1, 1936 STEP RAILINGS TO SOUTH FRONT, WILLIAM H. KETCHUM - 400 GOVERNMENT STREET - William H. Ketchum House & Gates (Ironwork), 400 Government Street, Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  12. 6. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, September ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    6. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, September 1, 1936 SOUTH (GOV. ST.) ENTRANCE GATE, WILLIAM H. KETCHUM - 400 GOVERNMENT STREET - William H. Ketchum House & Gates (Ironwork), 400 Government Street, Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  13. 1. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, August ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, August 23, 1936 FRONT ELEVATION, MRS. ALBERT QUIGLEY - 751 GOVERNMENT STREET - Gilmore-Gaines-Quigley House, 751 Government Street, Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  14. 3. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, August ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    3. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, August 23, 1936 CLOSE- UP BRACKETS AND FRIEZE, MRS. ALBERT QUIGLEY - 751 GOVERNMENT STREET - Gilmore-Gaines-Quigley House, 751 Government Street, Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  15. 1. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, February ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, February 6, 1936 WROUGHT IRON GATE WITH CAST IRON ORNAMENTS, FRONT OF 605 GOVERNMENT STREET - 605 Government Street (Iron Gate), Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  16. 1. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, September ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, September 2, 1936 WINDOWS ON FRONT (SOUTH), J. W. GOLDSBY HOME - 452 GOVERNMENT STREET - J. W. Goldsby House & Iron Fence, 452 Government Street, Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  17. 9. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, August ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    9. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, August 4, 1936 CEILING AND CORNICE IN MAIN AUDITORIUM - Government Street Presbyterian Church, Government & Jackson Streets, Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  18. 1. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, September ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, September 2, 1936 UPPER PORTION OF SOUTH FRONT. W. H. ROSS HOME - 602 GOVERNMENT STREET - Ross House, 602 Government Street, Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  19. 7. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, September ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    7. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, September 2, 1936 GATE TO DRIVE ON FRANKLIN STREET (EAST SIDE), WILLIAM H. KETCHUM - 400 GOVERNMENT STREET - William H. Ketchum House & Gates (Ironwork), 400 Government Street, Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  20. 1. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, September ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, September 15, 1936 GATE IN FRONT OF 201 GOVERNMENT STREET - 201 Government Street (Iron Gate), Moved to Spring Hill Avenue & Riviere du Chin Road, Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  1. 12. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, August ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    12. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, August 4, 1936 EAST SIDE STAIR HEAD (BALCONY FLOOR) - Government Street Presbyterian Church, Government & Jackson Streets, Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  2. 10. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, August ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    10. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, August 4, 1936 INTERIOR VIEW OF WINDOW AND COLUMN UNDER SIDE BALCONY - Government Street Presbyterian Church, Government & Jackson Streets, Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  3. 2. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, September ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    2. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, September 2, 1936 B. P. BESTER - 208 GOVERNMENT STREET, FRONT OF EAST SIDE WING - Daniel Perrin Bestor, Jr., House (Ironwork), 208 Government Street, Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  4. 1. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, September ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, September 4, 1936 EAST END OF PORCH, OWEN FINNIGAN PLACE - 752 GOVERNMENT STREET - Captain Owen Finnigan House (Ironwork), 752 Government Street, Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  5. 1. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, November ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, November 5, 1936 GATE AT EAST SIDE MINGE FLORAL CO. BUILDING, 453 GOVERNMENT STREET - 453 Government Street (Iron Gate & Fence), Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  6. 2. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, September ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    2. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, September 3, 1936 FENCE IN FRONT, GOLDSBY HOME - 452 GOVERNMENT STREET - J. W. Goldsby House & Iron Fence, 452 Government Street, Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  7. 5. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, August ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    5. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, August 4, 1936 CLOSE-UP OF MAIN ENTRANCE (FRONT) - Government Street Presbyterian Church, Government & Jackson Streets, Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  8. 4. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, September ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    4. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, September 1, 1936 EAST HALF OF REAR, WILLIAM H. KETCHUM - 400 GOVERNMENT STREET - William H. Ketchum House & Gates (Ironwork), 400 Government Street, Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  9. 3. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, February ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    3. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, February 20, 1935 CLOSE- UP OF WROUGHT IRON GATES FRONT, ROYAL ST. - Southern Market & Municipal Building, 107-115 South Royal Street, Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  10. 18. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, February ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    18. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, February 5, 1937 EAST WALL OF FRONT ROOM, SECOND FLOOR SHOWING MANTEL - Judge Oliver J. Semmes House, 2828 Dauphin Way, Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  11. 13. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, February ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    13. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, February 5, 1937 MANTEL ON EAST WALL OF FRONT BED ROOM, FIRST FLOOR - Judge Oliver J. Semmes House, 2828 Dauphin Way, Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  12. 9. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, February ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    9. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, February 5, 1937 PLASTER ORNAMENT ON CEILING IN LIVING ROOM - Judge Oliver J. Semmes House, 2828 Dauphin Way, Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  13. 4. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, February ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    4. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, February 5, 1937 SECOND STORY PORCH FROM WEST END, FRONT ELEVATION' - Judge Oliver J. Semmes House, 2828 Dauphin Way, Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  14. 19. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, February ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    19. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, February 5, 1937 EAST, SOUTH, AND WEST WALL OF BED ROOM, FRONT ROOM, SECOND FLOOR - Judge Oliver J. Semmes House, 2828 Dauphin Way, Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  15. 10. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, February ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    10. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, February 5, 1937 VIEW IN LIVING ROOM THROUGH DOORWAY INTO DINING ROOM - Judge Oliver J. Semmes House, 2828 Dauphin Way, Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  16. 1. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, June ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, June 12, 1936 EAST ELEVATION, FRONT, (GENERAL VIEW) (Reproduction) - Christ Episcopal Church, Church & Saint Emanuel Streets, Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  17. 2. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, April ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    2. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, April 23, 1935 WEST ENTRANCE. REPRODUCTION FROM PHOTOGRAPH MADE IN 1914 (VIEW FROM INSIDE) - Mount Vernon Arsenal, Gates, Old Saint Stephens Road (County Road 96), Mount Vernon, Mobile County, AL

  18. 7. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, April ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    7. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, April 19, 1937 REPRODUCTION OF INTERIOR OF CHRIST CHURCH INTERIOR PRIOR TO STORM OF 1909 - Christ Episcopal Church, Church & Saint Emanuel Streets, Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  19. 76 FR 23342 - Russell Investment Management Company, et al.;

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-26

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION Russell Investment Management Company, et al.; Notice of Application April 20, 2011. AGENCY: Securities and Exchange Commission (``Commission''). ACTION: Notice of an application for an order...

  20. 2. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, December ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    2. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, December 24, 1936 GENERAL VIEW OF REAR, LOOKING EAST - Gibbons-Torry House, Gate & Privy, 60 South Conception Street, Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  1. 13. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, December ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    13. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, December 29, 1936 DOUBLE SLIDING DOOR BETWEEN FRONT AND REAR ROOMS, SECOND FLOOR - Gibbons-Torry House, Gate & Privy, 60 South Conception Street, Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  2. 19. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, December ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    19. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, December 29, 1936 STAIR BASE TO STAIR ON FIRST FLOOR, LOOKING NO. - Gibbons-Torry House, Gate & Privy, 60 South Conception Street, Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  3. 3. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, January ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    3. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, January 4, 1937 WROUGHT IRON BRACKETS UNDER SECOND STORY BALCONY EAST FRONT - Gibbons-Torry House, Gate & Privy, 60 South Conception Street, Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  4. 1. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, January ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, January 4, 1937 FRONT ELEVATION (EAST), SOUTH SIDE - Gibbons-Torry House, Gate & Privy, 60 South Conception Street, Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  5. 7. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, December ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    7. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, December 24, 1936 ROOM DOOR ON FIRST FLOOR - Gibbons-Torry House, Gate & Privy, 60 South Conception Street, Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  6. 8. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, December ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    8. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, December 24, 1936 WINDOW IN EAST WALL, FIRST FLOOR - Gibbons-Torry House, Gate & Privy, 60 South Conception Street, Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  7. 22. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, December ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    22. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, December 30, 1936 VIEW TOWARDS EAST IN HALL SHOWING STAIRWAY TO THIRD FLOOR AND STAIR WELL - Gibbons-Torry House, Gate & Privy, 60 South Conception Street, Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  8. 27. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, January ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    27. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, January 2, 1937 INTERIOR OF PRIVY, SECOND STORY - Gibbons-Torry House, Gate & Privy, 60 South Conception Street, Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  9. 12. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, December ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    12. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, December 29, 1936 WINDOWS IN SOUTH AND EAST WALLS OF FRONT ROOM, SECOND FLOOR - Gibbons-Torry House, Gate & Privy, 60 South Conception Street, Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  10. 14. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, January ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    14. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, January 4, 1937 DOOR IN WEST WALL OF HALL (REAR), SECOND FLOOR - Gibbons-Torry House, Gate & Privy, 60 South Conception Street, Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  11. 21. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, January ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    21. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, January 2, 1937 OPEN FIREPLACE IN NO. WALL OF KITCHEN, REAR EXTENSION, FIRST FLOOR - Gibbons-Torry House, Gate & Privy, 60 South Conception Street, Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  12. 4. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, December ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    4. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, December 30, 1936 CLOSE-UP OF WROUGHT IRON BALCONY RAILING (EAST, FRONT), SECOND STORY - Gibbons-Torry House, Gate & Privy, 60 South Conception Street, Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  13. 6. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, December ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    6. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, December 29, 1936 VIEW OF EAST END OF HALL SHOWING FRONT ENTRANCE AND STAIR, FIRST FLOOR - Gibbons-Torry House, Gate & Privy, 60 South Conception Street, Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  14. 16. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, December ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    16. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, December 29, 1936 INTERIOR VIEW OF THIRD STORY WINDOW - Gibbons-Torry House, Gate & Privy, 60 South Conception Street, Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  15. 23. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, December ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    23. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, December 29, 1936 WINDOW IN SOUTH WALL ON SECOND FLOOR - Gibbons-Torry House, Gate & Privy, 60 South Conception Street, Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  16. 18. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, January ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    18. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, January 2, 1937 REAR EXTENSION (SO. SIDE) OF REAR PORCH, 2nd STORY - Gibbons-Torry House, Gate & Privy, 60 South Conception Street, Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  17. 5. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, January ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    5. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, January 4, 1937 MAIN ENTRANCE TO FRONT (EAST) ELEVATION - Gibbons-Torry House, Gate & Privy, 60 South Conception Street, Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  18. 25. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, December ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    25. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, December 30, 1936 WROUGHT IRON GATE TO DRIVEWAY ON SOUTH SIDE OF HOME, LOOKING EAST - Gibbons-Torry House, Gate & Privy, 60 South Conception Street, Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  19. 17. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, December ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    17. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, December 30, 1936 MANTEL ON SOUTH WALL OF REAR ROOM, THIRD FLOOR - Gibbons-Torry House, Gate & Privy, 60 South Conception Street, Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  20. Hubbard Glacier, Alaska: growing and advancing in spite of global climate change and the 1986 and 2002 Russell Lake outburst floods

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Trabant, Dennis C.; March, Rod S.; Thomas, Donald S.

    2003-01-01

    Hubbard Glacier, the largest calving glacier on the North American Continent (25 percent larger than Rhode Island), advanced across the entrance to 35-mile-long Russell Fiord during June 2002, temporarily turning it into a lake. Hubbard Glacier has been advancing for more than 100 years and has twice closed the entrance to Russell Fiord during the last 16 years by squeezing and pushing submarine glacial sediments across the mouth of the fiord. Water flowing into the cutoff fiord from mountain streams and glacier melt causes the level of Russell Lake to rise. However, both the 1986 and 2002 dams failed before the lake altitude rose enough for water to spill over a low pass at the far end of the fiord and enter the Situk River drainage, a world-class sport and commercial fishery near Yakutat, Alaska.

  1. Russell bodies in contact-lens-associated giant papillary conjunctivitis.

    PubMed

    Henriquez, A S; Allansmith, M R

    1979-03-01

    Biopsy specimens of the upper tarsal conjunctiva in soft contact lens-associated giant papillary conjunctivitis were taken during (1) chronic exacerbation, (2) brief remission, and (3) intentional exacerbation. Inflammatory cells were quantitated and compared with inflammatory cells in normal upper tarsal conjunctivae. Specimens were evaluated by light and electron microscopy. The most remarkable feature was the presence of diamond-shaped Russell bodies in 20% of the plasma cells of the second biopsy specimen. A few round Russell bodies were seen in the first biopsy specimen and none in the third. We concluded that the brief quiescent phase (second biopsy specimen) was characterized by retention of immunoglobulin to produce Russell bodies, and that the active phases of the disease were marked by migration of mast cells into the epithelium and by the presence of eosinophils and basophils in the substantia propria. PMID:217320

  2. 78 FR 30941 - Frank Russell Company, et al.; Notice of Application

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-23

    ... Investment Management Company (``RIMCo''), Russell Investment Company (``RIC''), Russell Investment Funds... Chief, at (202) 551- 6821 (Division of Investment Management, Exemptive Applications Office... open-end management investment companies. RIC is comprised of forty-two separate registered funds...

  3. Alfred Russel Wallace (1823-1913): evolution and medicine.

    PubMed

    O'Connell, Henry P

    2009-11-01

    The theory we now know simply as 'evolution' was first presented to the scientific world one and a half centuries ago, on 1 July 1858, when the work of two men, Alfred Russel Wallace and Charles Robert Darwin (1809-82), was jointly read at the Linnean Society. While Charles Darwin has rightly taken his place in history as one of the greatest scientists of all time, Alfred Russel Wallace has been largely forgotten outside of the scientific community. However, Wallace was a prolific researcher and writer with interests in a wide range of topics, from medicine to economics. PMID:20029081

  4. Alfred Russel Wallace (1823-1913): evolution and medicine.

    PubMed

    O'Connell, Henry P

    2009-11-01

    The theory we now know simply as 'evolution' was first presented to the scientific world one and a half centuries ago, on 1 July 1858, when the work of two men, Alfred Russel Wallace and Charles Robert Darwin (1809-82), was jointly read at the Linnean Society. While Charles Darwin has rightly taken his place in history as one of the greatest scientists of all time, Alfred Russel Wallace has been largely forgotten outside of the scientific community. However, Wallace was a prolific researcher and writer with interests in a wide range of topics, from medicine to economics.

  5. Obituary: Russell Makidon (1971-2009)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sivaramakrishnan, Anand

    2009-12-01

    Russell Benjamin Makidon died at the age of 38 in Baltimore on June 22, 2009. Complications following surgery to remove a tumor cut his life tragically short. Russ was a Mission Systems Scientist at the Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI), which he joined straight out of graduate school in 1997. He brought both the force of his intellect and his superb people skills to STScI, where he served the Institute and the broader community with extraordinary effectiveness. Russ was pivotal in helping to develop the wavefront sensing and control system of the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST). He was also a member of the NSF Center for Adaptive Optics at Lick Observatory. Born to Cathy Ann and Peter Makidon, a worker at General Motors, on January 22, 1971, in Bay City, Michigan, Russ was an only child. He was raised by his mother, in Florida, and her parents, in Munger, Michigan. He is survived by his mother, his grandfather Benjamin Franklin Histed, and his father. In addition to his interest in science, Russ was a talented artist and his sketches had appeared in statewide and national competitions. Turning down a scholarship at the Savannah College of Art and Design, he studied physics and astronomy at the University of Michigan, followed by a Masters under Stephen Strom at the University of Massachusetts. He measured pre-main sequence stellar rotation in NGC 2264 and other OB associations, providing insight on the role that circumstellar disks play in setting stellar angular momentum in young stellar clusters and associations. This work, and his extraordinary skills in facilitating scientific exchange, led to his co-investigatorship on the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) Orion Treasury Project. Russ advanced the understanding of high contrast imaging, especially the relation between the properties of a wavefront control or adaptive optics systems and the physics of coronagraphic imaging. He developed a practical understanding of coronagraphy, performing timely and

  6. Obituary: Russell Makidon (1971-2009)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sivaramakrishnan, Anand

    2009-12-01

    Russell Benjamin Makidon died at the age of 38 in Baltimore on June 22, 2009. Complications following surgery to remove a tumor cut his life tragically short. Russ was a Mission Systems Scientist at the Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI), which he joined straight out of graduate school in 1997. He brought both the force of his intellect and his superb people skills to STScI, where he served the Institute and the broader community with extraordinary effectiveness. Russ was pivotal in helping to develop the wavefront sensing and control system of the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST). He was also a member of the NSF Center for Adaptive Optics at Lick Observatory. Born to Cathy Ann and Peter Makidon, a worker at General Motors, on January 22, 1971, in Bay City, Michigan, Russ was an only child. He was raised by his mother, in Florida, and her parents, in Munger, Michigan. He is survived by his mother, his grandfather Benjamin Franklin Histed, and his father. In addition to his interest in science, Russ was a talented artist and his sketches had appeared in statewide and national competitions. Turning down a scholarship at the Savannah College of Art and Design, he studied physics and astronomy at the University of Michigan, followed by a Masters under Stephen Strom at the University of Massachusetts. He measured pre-main sequence stellar rotation in NGC 2264 and other OB associations, providing insight on the role that circumstellar disks play in setting stellar angular momentum in young stellar clusters and associations. This work, and his extraordinary skills in facilitating scientific exchange, led to his co-investigatorship on the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) Orion Treasury Project. Russ advanced the understanding of high contrast imaging, especially the relation between the properties of a wavefront control or adaptive optics systems and the physics of coronagraphic imaging. He developed a practical understanding of coronagraphy, performing timely and

  7. 6. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, February ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    6. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, February 6, 1936 CAST IRON POST, WROUGHT IRON FENCE WITH CAST IRON PICKET CAPS. JOHN HERPIN LOT IN OLD CHURCH ST. CEMETERY - Church Street Cemetery, Church & Bayou Streets, Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  8. 13. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    13. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 FRONT (EAST) ELEVATION. 1105 (LEFT) 1103 (RIGHT) - Southeast Area Survey, Sixth & G Streets (Synagogue), 132-144 & 900-905 Eleventh Street (Row Houses), 215 Second Street (House), Seventh & G Streets (School), 214 First Street (House), Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  9. 2. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, April ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    2. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, April 7, 1936 BALCONY RAILING SHOWING WROUGHT IRON BRACKETS UNDER CENTER OF BALCONY, CAST RON BRACKETS AT EACH END - Phoenix Fire Company No. 6, 154 South Franklin Street (moved to 203 South Claiborne Street), Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  10. 1. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, April ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, April 7, 1936 IRON BALCONY TO OLD PHOENIX FIRE COMPANY, NO. 6 STATION, 154 SO. FRANKLIN ST. - Phoenix Fire Company No. 6, 154 South Franklin Street (moved to 203 South Claiborne Street), Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  11. 1. Historic American Buildings Survey Copied by E. W. Russell, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. Historic American Buildings Survey Copied by E. W. Russell, Photographer, August 31, 1936 75TH ANNIVERSARY YEARBOOK (NOT COPYRIGHT) - FRONT OF MAIN BUILDING BEFORE CLOISTER ARCADE WAS ADDED - Spring Hill College, Main Building, Old Shell Road, Spring Hill, Mobile County, AL

  12. 2. Historic American Buildings Survey Copied by E. W. Russell, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    2. Historic American Buildings Survey Copied by E. W. Russell, Photographer, August 31, 1936 75TH ANNIVERSARY YEARBOOK (NOT COPYRIGHT) - REAR OF BUILDING BEFORE REINFORCED CONCRETE BALCONIES WERE ADDED - Spring Hill College, Main Building, Old Shell Road, Spring Hill, Mobile County, AL

  13. 2. Historic American Buildings Survey Copied by E. W. Russell, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    2. Historic American Buildings Survey Copied by E. W. Russell, Photographer, August 31, 1936 75TH ANNIVERSARY YEARBOOK (NOT COPYRIGHT) - RUINS OF OLD COLLEGE AFTER FIRE OF 1869 - Spring Hill College, Original Building, Old Shell Road, Spring Hill, Mobile County, AL

  14. 2. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, April ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    2. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, April 2, 1935 REAR OF NO. 7- OFFICERS QUARTERS, ON S. END OF GROUP OF 3, OVERLOOKING PARADE GROUNDS ON W. - Mount Vernon Arsenal, Workshop, Old Saint Stephens Road (County Road 96), Mount Vernon, Mobile County, AL

  15. 2. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, March ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    2. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, March 19, 1935 REAR OF CENTER BLDG. OF GROUP OF 3 THAT WERE USED FOR OFFICERS QUARTERS (W. SIDE OF PARADE GROUNDS) - Mount Vernon Arsenal, Center Building, Old Saint Stephens Road (County Road 96), Mount Vernon, Mobile County, AL

  16. 1. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, March ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, March 19, 1935 E. FRONT OLD OFFICERS QUARTERS. S. OF GROUP OVER-LOOKING OLD PARADE GROUNDS - Mount Vernon Arsenal, Workshop, Old Saint Stephens Road (County Road 96), Mount Vernon, Mobile County, AL

  17. 36 CFR 7.68 - Russell Cave National Monument.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... INTERIOR SPECIAL REGULATIONS, AREAS OF THE NATIONAL PARK SYSTEM § 7.68 Russell Cave National Monument. (a) Caves—(1) Closed Areas. Entering, exploring, or remaining within any cave area other than the public archeological exhibit without prior written permission of the Superintendent is prohibited. (2) Permits....

  18. 9. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    9. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 FRONT (WEST) ELEVATION FROM THE N.W. - Southeast Area Survey, Sixth & G Streets (Synagogue), 132-144 & 900-905 Eleventh Street (Row Houses), 215 Second Street (House), Seventh & G Streets (School), 214 First Street (House), Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  19. 10. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    10. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 REAR(EAST) & LEFT ELEVATIONS FROM THE N. E. - Southeast Area Survey, Sixth & G Streets (Synagogue), 132-144 & 900-905 Eleventh Street (Row Houses), 215 Second Street (House), Seventh & G Streets (School), 214 First Street (House), Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  20. 16. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    16. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 FRONT (WEST) ELEVATION (132 ON THE LEFT) - Southeast Area Survey, Sixth & G Streets (Synagogue), 132-144 & 900-905 Eleventh Street (Row Houses), 215 Second Street (House), Seventh & G Streets (School), 214 First Street (House), Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  1. 19. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    19. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 WINDOW DETAIL - 132 - Southeast Area Survey, Sixth & G Streets (Synagogue), 132-144 & 900-905 Eleventh Street (Row Houses), 215 Second Street (House), Seventh & G Streets (School), 214 First Street (House), Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  2. 11. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    11. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 GENERAL VIEW FROM THE EAST. 1016 and 1018. - Southeast Area Survey, 101 & 122-124 Carroll Street (House), 1008 Potomac Street (House), Canal Street at Independence Avenue (Row House), 1016-1018 Potomac Street (House), Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  3. 2. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    2. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 FRONT (EAST) ELEVATION - Southeast Area Survey, Sixth & G Streets (Synagogue), 132-144 & 900-905 Eleventh Street (Row Houses), 215 Second Street (House), Seventh & G Streets (School), 214 First Street (House), Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  4. 1. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 FRONT (SOUTH) ELEVATION. 600 (LEFT) 602 (RIGHT) - Southeast Area Survey, 600-602 & 1100 G Street (House), 1002,1006 Eye Street (House), 808-810,812-814, & 1016 K Street (House), 817-819 L Street (House), Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  5. 4. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    4. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 DETAIL - ONE UNIT OF GROUP - Southeast Area Survey, 101 & 122-124 Carroll Street (House), 1008 Potomac Street (House), Canal Street at Independence Avenue (Row House), 1016-1018 Potomac Street (House), Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  6. 1. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 FRONT (WEST) ELEVATION - Southeast Area Survey, Sixth & G Streets (Synagogue), 132-144 & 900-905 Eleventh Street (Row Houses), 215 Second Street (House), Seventh & G Streets (School), 214 First Street (House), Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  7. 14. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    14. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 FRONT (WEST) ELEVATION - Southeast Area Survey, Sixth & G Streets (Synagogue), 132-144 & 900-905 Eleventh Street (Row Houses), 215 Second Street (House), Seventh & G Streets (School), 214 First Street (House), Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  8. 22. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    22. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 FRONT (EAST) ELEVATION FROM THE S. E. - Southeast Area Survey, Sixth & G Streets (Synagogue), 132-144 & 900-905 Eleventh Street (Row Houses), 215 Second Street (House), Seventh & G Streets (School), 214 First Street (House), Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  9. 6. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    6. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 ENTRY - Southeast Area Survey, 101 & 122-124 Carroll Street (House), 1008 Potomac Street (House), Canal Street at Independence Avenue (Row House), 1016-1018 Potomac Street (House), Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  10. 3. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    3. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 FRONT (EAST) ELEVATION - Southeast Area Survey, Sixth & G Streets (Synagogue), 132-144 & 900-905 Eleventh Street (Row Houses), 215 Second Street (House), Seventh & G Streets (School), 214 First Street (House), Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  11. 7. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    7. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 FRONT ELEVATION - 122 (LEFT) 124 (RIGHT) - Southeast Area Survey, 101 & 122-124 Carroll Street (House), 1008 Potomac Street (House), Canal Street at Independence Avenue (Row House), 1016-1018 Potomac Street (House), Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  12. 6. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    6. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 FRONT (WEST) ELEVATION (316 AT THE LEFT) - Southeast Area Survey, Sixth & G Streets (Synagogue), 132-144 & 900-905 Eleventh Street (Row Houses), 215 Second Street (House), Seventh & G Streets (School), 214 First Street (House), Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  13. 5. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    5. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 FRONT (SOUTH) ELEVATION - Southeast Area Survey, 600-602 & 1100 G Street (House), 1002,1006 Eye Street (House), 808-810,812-814, & 1016 K Street (House), 817-819 L Street (House), Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  14. 5. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    5. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 FRONT (EAST) ELEVATION - Southeast Area Survey, Sixth & G Streets (Synagogue), 132-144 & 900-905 Eleventh Street (Row Houses), 215 Second Street (House), Seventh & G Streets (School), 214 First Street (House), Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  15. 11. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    11. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 FRONT (7th STREET) ELEVATION FRON THE SOUTH EAST - Southeast Area Survey, Sixth & G Streets (Synagogue), 132-144 & 900-905 Eleventh Street (Row Houses), 215 Second Street (House), Seventh & G Streets (School), 214 First Street (House), Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  16. 21. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    21. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 REAR (EAST) ELEVATION FROM THE N. E. - Southeast Area Survey, Sixth & G Streets (Synagogue), 132-144 & 900-905 Eleventh Street (Row Houses), 215 Second Street (House), Seventh & G Streets (School), 214 First Street (House), Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  17. 4. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    4. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 FRONT (SOUTH) ELEVATION - Southeast Area Survey, 600-602 & 1100 G Street (House), 1002,1006 Eye Street (House), 808-810,812-814, & 1016 K Street (House), 817-819 L Street (House), Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  18. 10. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    10. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 GENERAL VIEW FROM THE SOUTH - Southeast Area Survey, 101 & 122-124 Carroll Street (House), 1008 Potomac Street (House), Canal Street at Independence Avenue (Row House), 1016-1018 Potomac Street (House), Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  19. 8. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    8. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 DETAIL - 124 - Southeast Area Survey, 101 & 122-124 Carroll Street (House), 1008 Potomac Street (House), Canal Street at Independence Avenue (Row House), 1016-1018 Potomac Street (House), Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  20. 18. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    18. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 ENTRANCE, 132 (LEFT) 134 (RIGHT) - Southeast Area Survey, Sixth & G Streets (Synagogue), 132-144 & 900-905 Eleventh Street (Row Houses), 215 Second Street (House), Seventh & G Streets (School), 214 First Street (House), Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  1. 6. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    6. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 FRONT (SOUTH) ELEVATION 808 (LEFT) 810 (RIGHT) - Southeast Area Survey, 600-602 & 1100 G Street (House), 1002,1006 Eye Street (House), 808-810,812-814, & 1016 K Street (House), 817-819 L Street (House), Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  2. 9. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    9. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 GENERAL VIEW FROM THE EAST - Southeast Area Survey, 101 & 122-124 Carroll Street (House), 1008 Potomac Street (House), Canal Street at Independence Avenue (Row House), 1016-1018 Potomac Street (House), Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  3. 20. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    20. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 FRONT (WEST) ELEVATION FROM THE N. W. - Southeast Area Survey, Sixth & G Streets (Synagogue), 132-144 & 900-905 Eleventh Street (Row Houses), 215 Second Street (House), Seventh & G Streets (School), 214 First Street (House), Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  4. 4. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    4. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 FRONT (WEST) ELEVATION - Southeast Area Survey, Sixth & G Streets (Synagogue), 132-144 & 900-905 Eleventh Street (Row Houses), 215 Second Street (House), Seventh & G Streets (School), 214 First Street (House), Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  5. 8. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    8. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 ENTRANCE, 318 - Southeast Area Survey, Sixth & G Streets (Synagogue), 132-144 & 900-905 Eleventh Street (Row Houses), 215 Second Street (House), Seventh & G Streets (School), 214 First Street (House), Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  6. 17. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    17. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 UNIT AT 132 - Southeast Area Survey, Sixth & G Streets (Synagogue), 132-144 & 900-905 Eleventh Street (Row Houses), 215 Second Street (House), Seventh & G Streets (School), 214 First Street (House), Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  7. 12. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    12. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 ENTRANCE DETAIL - Southeast Area Survey, Sixth & G Streets (Synagogue), 132-144 & 900-905 Eleventh Street (Row Houses), 215 Second Street (House), Seventh & G Streets (School), 214 First Street (House), Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  8. 7. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    7. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 ENTRANCE, 316 - Southeast Area Survey, Sixth & G Streets (Synagogue), 132-144 & 900-905 Eleventh Street (Row Houses), 215 Second Street (House), Seventh & G Streets (School), 214 First Street (House), Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  9. A New Method for Obtaining Russell-Saunders Terms

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Liu, Ying; Liu, Yue; Liu, Bihui

    2011-01-01

    A new method for obtaining Russell-Saunders terms of atomic configurations is reported. This new method is significantly different from, while at the same time complementary to, previously published methods for obtaining atomic terms. This novel procedure is elicited by the method used to determine the splitting of S, P, D terms in weak ligand…

  10. 2. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, April ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    2. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, April 2, 1937 VIEW LOOKING SOUTHWEST, SHOWING N. ELEV. OF SECTION 'D', AND COVERED WALK RUNNING TO LAUNDRY, AND A SMALL 2-STORY BUILDING ON N. SIDE. - Convent of the Visitation, 2300 Spring Hill Avenue, Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  11. 1. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, February ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, February 6, 1936 WROUGHT IRON GATE WITH CAST IRON ORNAMENTATION, 456 SO. CONCEPTION STREET - 456 South Conception Street (Iron Fence & Gate), (moved to 1802 Old Govt. & 3333 Riviere du Chin), Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  12. Telling Lewis Hine's Story: Russell Freedman's "Kids at Work."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zarnowski, Myra

    In "Kids at Work," Russell Freedman explores the world of child labor during the years 1908-1918 when Lewis Hine, "teacher-crusader," worked as an investigative photographer for the National Child Labor Committee (NCLC). Hine's writing and the photos he gathered from across the country revealed a "shocking reality that most Americans had never…

  13. Russell's Conception of Critical Thinking: Its Scope and Limits.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hager, Paul

    2001-01-01

    Addresses the question of the range of applicability of Bertrand Russell's conception of critical thinking. Argues that important instances of critical thinking require other resources in addition: decisions about the conduct of one's life, philosophical method, scientific methods, and creative thought. Identifies limitations of Russellian…

  14. 2. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, August ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    2. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, August 23, 1936 CLOSE- UP BALUSTRADE SHOWING LOWER PART CORNER STANDARD E. END, FIRST FLOOR. MRS. ALBERT QUIGLEY - 751 GOVERNMENT ST. - Gilmore-Gaines-Quigley House, 751 Government Street, Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  15. 1. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, October ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, October 17, 1935 51-69 Government St. BLOCK OF BUILDINGS ON GOVERNMENT ST. (S. SIDE) BETWEEN WATER AND ROYAL STREETS - 51-69 Government Street (Commercial Building), Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  16. 1. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, April ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, April 23, 1935 WEST ENTRANCE, AS IT WAS ORIGINALLY. REPRODUCTION FROM PHOTOGRAPH MADE IN 1914 (VIEW FROM OUTSIDE) - Mount Vernon Arsenal, Gates, Old Saint Stephens Road (County Road 96), Mount Vernon, Mobile County, AL

  17. 1. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, Copy ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, Copy made April 15, 1935 REPRODUCTION OF PHOTOGRAPH OF BUILDING BEFORE NEW FRONT WAS ADDED (CHRIST CHURCH TOWER IN BACKGROUND) - Madame LeVert House & Office, 151 & 153 Government Street, Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  18. 10. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, December ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    10. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, December 29, 1936 STAIR ON NO. WALL OF EAST END OF HALL, THIRD FLOOR, SHOWING PART OF STAIR WELL RAIL - Gibbons-Torry House, Gate & Privy, 60 South Conception Street, Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  19. 24. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, December ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    24. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, December 30, 1936 WALL BETWEEN FRONT AND REAR ROOMS SHOWING CLOSET AND CONNECTING PASSAGEWAY BETWEEN CLOSET, THIRD FLOOR - Gibbons-Torry House, Gate & Privy, 60 South Conception Street, Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  20. Some early similarities and later differences between Bertrand Russell and B. F. Skinner

    PubMed Central

    Moxley, Roy A.

    2003-01-01

    B. F. Skinner credited Bertrand Russell with converting him to behaviorism and with writing one of the books that most influenced him. Particularly in Skinner's early work, there are similarities between Skinner and Russell that extend across mathematics, determinism, positivism, verbal behavior, future communities, evolution, and pragmatism. Later, Skinner's views changed, and he parted company with Russell in most of these areas. Perhaps the most dramatic and fundamental departure came when Skinner embraced pragmatism, which Russell said he “hated.” However, there was a time during which Russell wrote favorably of pragmatism as a view for science. Although the similarities between Skinner and Russell may have resulted from common cultural influences, Russell appears to deserve credit for leading Skinner into the stimulus-response behaviorism of two-term necessities; he may also deserve some credit for helping to lead him out of it and into the selectionist behaviorism of three-term contingencies. PMID:22478397

  1. Craniofacial and dental characteristics of Silver-Russell syndrome.

    PubMed

    Kotilainen, J; Hölttä, P; Mikkonen, T; Arte, S; Sipilä, I; Pirinen, S

    1995-03-27

    We found significant differences in a craniometric, cephalometric, and dental study of 19 Silver-Russell syndrome patients (13 without growth hormone treatment) with appropriate controls. Although head circumference was normal for age, head length was increased, while cranial and facial widths and facial heights were reduced. Posterior facial height, posterior cranial base length, cranial base height, and mandibular body size were significantly smaller than in healthy children of the same height. Articulatory speech disorders were common. Enamel defects pointed to an early prenatal insult. Delayed dental age and small mandibular and cranial base dimensions support the possibility of physiological growth hormone deficiency in many Silver-Russell syndrome children; however, facial soft tissue structures were strikingly different from those observed in classical growth hormone deficiency.

  2. 3. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer June 1963NORTHWEST ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    3. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer June 1963NORTHWEST VIEW - Abner Cloud House, Intersection of Canal Road & Reservoir Road Northwest, Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  3. Alfred Russell Wallace and the evolution of the human mind.

    PubMed

    Gross, Charles

    2010-10-01

    Today the fame of Alfred Russell Wallace is as the independent codiscoverer with Charles Darwin of the origin of species by natural selection. Although they were on very amiable terms all their lives, 11 years after announcing their discovery, Wallace and Darwin had a major disagreement on the evolution of human cognition. The author considers how this divergence and other disagreements, particularly on the role of instinct, are related to the differences in their class backgrounds, education, experience with non-European cultures, and views on socialism, phrenology, mesmerism, and spiritualism. PMID:20889963

  4. Alfred Russel Wallace and the Antivaccination Movement in Victorian England

    PubMed Central

    2010-01-01

    Alfred Russel Wallace, eminent naturalist and codiscoverer of the principle of natural selection, was a major participant in the antivaccination campaigns in late 19th-century England. Wallace combined social reformism and quantitative arguments to undermine the claims of provaccinationists and had a major impact on the debate. A brief account of Wallace’s background, his role in the campaign, and a summary of his quantitative arguments leads to the conclusion that it is unwarranted to portray Victorian antivaccination campaigners in general as irrational and antiscience. Public health policy can benefit from history, but the proper context of the evidence used should always be kept in mind. PMID:20350381

  5. Alfred Russel Wallace and the antivaccination movement in Victorian England.

    PubMed

    Weber, Thomas P

    2010-04-01

    Alfred Russel Wallace, eminent naturalist and codiscoverer of the principle of natural selection, was a major participant in the antivaccination campaigns in late 19th-century England. Wallace combined social reformism and quantitative arguments to undermine the claims of provaccinationists and had a major impact on the debate. A brief account of Wallace's background, his role in the campaign, and a summary of his quantitative arguments leads to the conclusion that it is unwarranted to portray Victorian antivaccination campaigners in general as irrational and antiscience. Public health policy can benefit from history, but the proper context of the evidence used should always be kept in mind. PMID:20350381

  6. Alfred Russell Wallace and the evolution of the human mind.

    PubMed

    Gross, Charles

    2010-10-01

    Today the fame of Alfred Russell Wallace is as the independent codiscoverer with Charles Darwin of the origin of species by natural selection. Although they were on very amiable terms all their lives, 11 years after announcing their discovery, Wallace and Darwin had a major disagreement on the evolution of human cognition. The author considers how this divergence and other disagreements, particularly on the role of instinct, are related to the differences in their class backgrounds, education, experience with non-European cultures, and views on socialism, phrenology, mesmerism, and spiritualism.

  7. 76 FR 37857 - Russell Exchange Traded Funds Trust, et al.; Notice of Application

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-28

    ... COMMISSION Russell Exchange Traded Funds Trust, et al.; Notice of Application June 22, 2011. AGENCY... Traded Funds Trust (formerly, U.S. One Trust, the ``Trust''), Russell Investment Management Company... unit investment trusts outside of the same group of investment companies as the series to...

  8. From the Lab Bench: A tribute to Russell Hackley, a true grass farmer

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    An article was written about the legacy of Russell Hackley, a stocker producer from Grayson County, who passed away on June 11, 2016 and was a strong advocate for the cattle and forage industries. In memory of Russell, I would like to discuss some things I overheard him say about agriculture and fo...

  9. Russell's Practice of Science vs. His Picture of Science and Its Place in Liberal Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Winchester, Ian

    2001-01-01

    Relates Bertrand Russell's picture of science, as he actually practiced it, to his picture of liberal education, as he exemplified it, and compares these to what he said about the nature of science and of liberal education. Suggests Russell's practice of scientific thought was much more original and interesting than is "rather second-hand" views…

  10. Woods and Russell, Hill, and the emergence of medical statistics

    PubMed Central

    Farewell, Vern; Johnson, Tony

    2010-01-01

    In 1937, Austin Bradford Hill wrote Principles of Medical Statistics (Lancet: London, 1937) that became renowned throughout the world and is widely associated with the birth of modern medical statistics. Some 6 years earlier Hilda Mary Woods and William Thomas Russell, colleagues of Hill at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, wrote a similar book An Introduction to Medical Statistics (PS King and Son: London, 1931) that is little known today. We trace the origins of these two books from the foundations of early demography and vital statistics, and make a detailed examination of some of their chapters. It is clear that these texts mark a watershed in the history of medical statistics that demarcates the vital statistics of the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries from the modern discipline. Moreover, we consider that the book by Woods and Russell is of some importance in the development of medical statistics and we describe and acknowledge their place in the history of this discipline. Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. PMID:20535761

  11. The spectroscopic Hertzsprung-Russell diagram of Galactic massive stars

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Castro, N.; Fossati, L.; Langer, N.; Simón-Díaz, S.; Schneider, F. R. N.; Izzard, R. G.

    2014-10-01

    The distribution of stars in the Hertzsprung-Russell diagram narrates their evolutionary history and directly assesses their properties. Placing stars in this diagram however requires the knowledge of their distances and interstellar extinctions, which are often poorly known for Galactic stars. The spectroscopic Hertzsprung-Russell diagram (sHRD) tells similar evolutionary tales, but is independent of distance and extinction measurements. Based on spectroscopically derived effective temperatures and gravities of almost 600 stars, we derive for the first time the observational distribution of Galactic massive stars in the sHRD. While biases and statistical limitations in the data prevent detailed quantitative conclusions at this time, we see several clear qualitative trends. By comparing the observational sHRD with different state-of-the-art stellar evolutionary predictions, we conclude that convective core overshooting may be mass-dependent and, at high mass (≳15 M⊙), stronger than previously thought. Furthermore, we find evidence for an empirical upper limit in the sHRD for stars with Teff between 10 000 and 32 000 K and, a strikingly large number of objects below this line. This over-density may be due to inflation expanding envelopes in massive main-sequence stars near the Eddington limit. Appendix A is available in electronic form at http://www.aanda.org

  12. Production of high titre antibody response against Russell's viper venom in mice immunized with ethanolic extract of fruits of Piper longum L. (Piperaceae) and piperine.

    PubMed

    Shenoy, P A; Nipate, S S; Sonpetkar, J M; Salvi, N C; Waghmare, A B; Chaudhari, P D

    2014-01-15

    Piper longum L. fruits have been traditionally used against snakebites in north-eastern and southern region of India. The aim of the study was to assess the production of antibody response against Russell's viper venom in mice after prophylactic immunization with ethanolic extract of fruits of Piper longum L. and piperine. The mice sera were tested for the presence of antibodies against Russell's viper venom by in vitro lethality neutralization assay and in vivo lethality neutralization assay. Polyvalent anti-snake venom serum (antivenom) manufactured by Haffkine Bio-Pharmaceutical Corporation Ltd. was used as standard. Further confirmation of presence of antibodies against the venom in sera of mice immunized with PLE and piperine was done using indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and double immunodiffusion test. Treatment with PLE-treated mice serum and piperine-treated mice serum was found to inhibit the lethal action of venom both in the in vitro lethality neutralization assay and in vivo lethality neutralization assay. ELISA testing indicated that there were significantly high (p<0.01) levels of cross reactions between the PLE and piperine treated mice serum and the venom antigens. In double immunodiffusion test, a white band was observed between the two wells of antigen and antibodies for both the PLE-treated and piperine-treated mice serum. Thus it can be concluded that immunization with ethanolic extract of fruits of Piper longum and piperine produced a high titre antibody response against Russell's viper venom in mice. The antibodies against PLE and piperine could be useful in antivenom therapy of Russell's viper bites. PLE and piperine may also have a potential interest in view of the development of antivenom formulations used as antidote against snake bites.

  13. The Planetary and Eclipse Oil Paintings of Howard Russell Butler

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pasachoff, Jay M.; Olson, R. M.

    2013-10-01

    The physics-trained artist Howard Russell Butler (1856-1934) has inspired many astronomy students through his planetary and eclipse paintings that were long displayed at the Hayden Planetarium in New York, the Fels Planetarium at the Franklin Institute in Philadelphia, and the Buffalo Museum of Science. We discuss not only the eclipse triptychs (1918, 1923, and 1925) at each of those institutions but also his paintings of Mars as seen from Phobos and from Deimos (with landscapes of those moons in the foreground depicted in additional oils hung at Princeton University) and the Earth from our Moon. We also describe his involvement with astronomy and his unique methodology that allowed him to surpass the effects then obtainable with photography, as well as his inclusion in a U.S. Naval Observatory eclipse expedition in 1918, as well as his auroral, solar-prominence, and 1932-eclipse paintings.

  14. Prosthetic management of a growing patient with Russell-Silver syndrome: a clinical report

    PubMed Central

    Kim, Kanghyun; Noh, Kwantae; Paek, Janghyun; Kwon, Kung-Rock

    2015-01-01

    Russell-Silver syndrome (RSS) is a congenital disease characterized by short stature due to growth hormone deficiency, physical asymmetry, inverted triangular face, micrognathia, prominent forehead, and hypodontia. This case report presents a prosthetic management of a 6-year-old patient with Russell-Silver syndrome treated with overdentures on the maxilla and the mandible using the remaining primary teeth. Subsequent and comprehensive dental management considering the growth and development of a young patient will be necessary. PMID:26576258

  15. Simulated peak inflows for glacier dammed Russell Fiord, near Yakutat, Alaska

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Neal, Edward G.

    2004-01-01

    In June 2002, Hubbard Glacier advanced across the entrance to 35-mile-long Russell Fiord creating a glacier-dammed lake. After closure of the ice and moraine dam, runoff from mountain streams and glacial melt caused the level in ?Russell Lake? to rise until it eventually breached the dam on August 14, 2002. Daily mean inflows to the lake during the period of closure were estimated on the basis of lake stage data and the hypsometry of Russell Lake. Inflows were regressed against the daily mean streamflows of nearby Ophir Creek and Situk River to generate an equation for simulating Russell Lake inflow. The regression equation was used to produce 11 years of synthetic daily inflows to Russell Lake for the 1992-2002 water years. A flood-frequency analysis was applied to the peak daily mean inflows for these 11 years of record to generate a 100-year peak daily mean inflow of 235,000 cubic feet per second. Regional-regression equations also were applied to the Russell Lake basin, yielding a 100-year inflow of 157,000 cubic feet per second.

  16. Howard Russell Butler's Oil Paintings of Solar Eclipses and Prominences

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pasachoff, Jay M.; Olson, Roberta J. M.

    2014-06-01

    Howard Russell Butler (1856-1934) was invited to join the US Naval Observatory expedition to the total solar eclipse of 1918 because of his ability to paint astronomical phenomena based on quickly-made notes about spatial and color details. His giant triptych of the total eclipses of 1918, 1923, and 1925 was proposed for a never-built astronomical center at the American Museum of Natural History and wound up at their Hayden Planetarium when it was constructed in the mid-1930s. Half-size versions are installed at the Fels Planetarium at the Franklin Institute in Philadelphia and at the Firestone Library of Princeton University, whose newly conserved canvases were recently hung; the Buffalo Museum of Science has another half-size version in storage. We discuss not only the eclipse triptychs but also the series of large oil paintings he made of solar prominences (in storage at the American Museum of Natural History) and of his 1932-eclipse and other relevant works.JMP was supported for this work in part by Division III Discretionary Funds and the Brandi Fund of Williams College. His current eclipse research is supported by grants AGS-1047726 from the Solar Research Program of the Atmospheric and Geospace Sciences Division of NSF and 9327-13 from the Committee for Research and Exploration of the National Geographic Society.

  17. At home among strangers: Alfred Russel Wallace in Russia.

    PubMed

    Levit, Georgy S; Polatayko, Sergey V

    2013-12-01

    Alfred Russel Wallace (1823-1913) was an influential figure within Russian pre-Synthetic evolutionary biology, i.e. the time period before the Synthetic Theory of Evolution was established (ca. 1880-1930s). His major works were translated into Russian and his general ideas were read and discussed by both insiders and outsiders of scientific evolutionism. At the same time, Wallace played a controversial role in the growth of Darwinism in Russia, and Charles Robert Darwin (1809-1882) has eclipsed Wallace in his influence on Russian evolutionary thinking. In this paper we briefly outline Wallace’s impact on Russian pre-Synthetic scientific evolutionism and its general intellectual climate. We demonstrate that both Russian pro-Darwinian evolutionists and anti-Darwinians (scientific anti-Darwinians as well as creationists) were fully aware of Wallace’s contributions to the development of evolutionary theory. Yet, Wallace’s radical selectionism, as well as his controversial arguments for “design in nature”, predetermined his special place within the Russian intellectual landscape.

  18. At home among strangers: Alfred Russel Wallace in Russia.

    PubMed

    Levit, Georgy S; Polatayko, Sergey V

    2013-12-01

    Alfred Russel Wallace (1823-1913) was an influential figure within Russian pre-Synthetic evolutionary biology, i.e. the time period before the Synthetic Theory of Evolution was established (ca. 1880-1930s). His major works were translated into Russian and his general ideas were read and discussed by both insiders and outsiders of scientific evolutionism. At the same time, Wallace played a controversial role in the growth of Darwinism in Russia, and Charles Robert Darwin (1809-1882) has eclipsed Wallace in his influence on Russian evolutionary thinking. In this paper we briefly outline Wallace’s impact on Russian pre-Synthetic scientific evolutionism and its general intellectual climate. We demonstrate that both Russian pro-Darwinian evolutionists and anti-Darwinians (scientific anti-Darwinians as well as creationists) were fully aware of Wallace’s contributions to the development of evolutionary theory. Yet, Wallace’s radical selectionism, as well as his controversial arguments for “design in nature”, predetermined his special place within the Russian intellectual landscape. PMID:24022180

  19. Antiphospholipid syndrome: analysis of dilute Russell's viper venom time titer.

    PubMed

    Martinez, Alan P; Cunningham, Mark T

    2016-07-01

    To evaluate the characteristic features of the dilute Russell's viper venom time (DRVVT) titer in the antiphospholipid syndrome (APS). The medical record of 3660 consecutive patients with DRVVT orders between 2006 and 2015 were examined for criteria satisfying the diagnosis of APS. DRVVT titer was studied as a function of titer distribution, titer stability, and clinicopathologic features. Twenty-six patients were diagnosed with APS based on a persistently positive DRVVT and a history of arterial or venous thrombosis. DRVVT titer was mostly of low magnitude (65-77% of patients), was of similar value between initial and repeat testing (mean DRVVT titer 1.40 vs. 1.38; P = 0.858; mean time interval 216 days), and was positively associated with anticardiolipin antibodies (IgG and IgM) and antibeta-2-glycoprotein I antibodies (IgG and IgM) (P < 0.020). Low titer and moderate/high titer DRVVT were associated with a triple positive antiphospholipid antibody profile in 0 and 62% of patients, respectively (P < 0.020). DRVVT titer in APS was predominantly low in magnitude, stable over time, and associated with specific antiphospholipid antibody profiles.

  20. Russell's sign. Subtle hand changes in patients with bulimia nervosa.

    PubMed

    Daluiski, A; Rahbar, B; Meals, R A

    1997-10-01

    Bulimia nervosa is a common eating disorder, affecting between 1% to 10% of adolescent girls and college aged women. Because excessive weight loss and amenorrhea are not significant features, as they are in anorexia, bulimia is much harder to diagnose. Orthopaedic surgeons have a unique opportunity to detect one of the few physical signs of the disease, which is skin lesions, consisting of abrasions, small lacerations, and callosities on the dorsum of the hand overlying the metacarpophalangeal and interphalangeal joints. These nondescript dorsal lesions are caused by repeated contact of the incisors to the skin of the hand that occur during self induced vomiting. This finding, known as Russell's sign, may be seen by orthopaedic surgeons during examinations for other reasons. Because eating disorders are recognized as a component of the female athlete triad of osteoporosis, amenorrhea, and eating disorders and because orthopaedic surgeons routinely care for female athletes susceptible to these disorders, recognizing this sign and its implications may have profound influence on the patient's musculoskeletal system and general health. PMID:9345215

  1. The Solar Eclipse Mural Series by Howard Russell Butler

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pasachoff, J. M.; Olson, R. J. M.

    2016-01-01

    There is a rich trove of astronomical phenomena in works of art by artists from the greater New York area, a trend that is even more pronounced in the oeuvres of New York City residents through the present day. A case in point is the trio of oil paintings by artist (and former physics professor) Howard Russell Butler depicting total solar eclipses in 1918, 1923, and 1925 that are based on his own observations. They were long displayed in the former art-deco building of the Hayden Planetarium of the American Museum of Natural History, the location of this conference. (The Museum also has nine other Butler paintings, none of which are currently exhibited.) Since the eclipse paintings have been in storage for many years, these once famous works are now virtually forgotten. Based on our research as an astronomer who has seen sixty-two solar eclipses and an art historian who has written extensively about astronomical imagery, we will discuss Butler's Solar Eclipse Triptych to explore its place in the history of astronomical imaging.

  2. Granular materials and their connection to Russell Donnelly

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Behringer, Bob

    2015-11-01

    I have known Russell Donnelly for most of my professional career. Our interests in liquid helium, in fluid dynamics and instabilities, the use of helium to study convection, are all points of significant overlap. Trying to decide when I first met Russ is hard, so let me focus on one year, 1996. That year Russ came to Duke to give the Fritz London Memorial Lecture. It was also a year that I remember because the DFD meeting at Syracuse had a large number of talks dealing with granular materials. I first became interested in this field as a system to test for hydrodynamic-like instabilities. Russ had been a strong supporter of including granular flows inDFD meetings, and the field was well on its way in 1996. In fact, the predicted instability was not there, but many striking and novel phenomena were: interest in the physics of granular materials has grow dramatically since then. In this talk, I will explore some of the roots of granular physics and the connections to fluid flows.In particular, flowing grains show surprising fluctuations in forces that are tied to novel structures known as force chains. These structures also play a key role in how granular materials become ``solids,'' i.e. jam. The idea of jamming arose in early work by M. Cates et al. and by A. Liu and S. Nagel. We have recently shown that the nature of jamming is fundamentally changed when the grains have friction or shape, which are general properties of grains that form many everyday materials. In general, understanding how granular materials transition between jammed or unjammed draws substantially on statistical physics-something that would have strongly appealed to Russ. Work supported by NSF-DMR1206351, DMS1248071, NASA NNX15AD38G, and the W.M. Keck Foundation.

  3. Type 1 collagenopathy presenting with a Russell-Silver phenotype.

    PubMed

    Parker, Michael J; Deshpande, Charulata; Rankin, Julia; Wilson, Louise C; Balasubramanian, Meena; Hall, Christine M; Wagner, Bart E; Pollitt, Rebecca; Dalton, Ann; Bishop, Nicholas J

    2011-06-01

    Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a heterogeneous group of inherited disorders of bone formation, resulting in low bone mass and an increased propensity to fracture. It exhibits a broad spectrum of clinical severity, ranging from multiple fractures in utero and perinatal death, to normal adult stature and low fracture incidence. Extra-skeletal features of OI include blue sclera, hearing loss, skin hyperlaxity, joint hyperextensibility, and dentinogenesis imperfecta. The proα1(I) and proα2(I) chains of collagen 1 are encoded by the COL1A1 and COL1A2 genes, respectively; quantitative or qualitative defects in type I collagen synthesis usually manifest as types of OI or some sub-types of EDS. The majority of patients (about 90%) with a clinical diagnosis of OI have a mutation in the COL1A1 or COL1A2 genes, which shows an autosomal dominant pattern of inheritance. Six other genes, CRTAP, LEPRE1, FKBP10, PP1B, SP7/Osterix (OSX), and SERPINH1, are associated with autosomal recessive forms of OI. However, other, rare phenotypes have also been described. There are many differential diagnoses of the short, syndromic child, including chromosomal, single gene, and multifactorial causes. However, one condition of particular relevance in the context of this report is the Russell-Silver syndrome (RSS). As originally described, the RSS is a very specific condition. However, it has subsequently become an umbrella term for a heterogeneous group of conditions presenting with short stature and triangular shape to the face. A significant proportion of these are now believed to be due to imprinting defects at 11p15. However, the cause in many cases remains unknown. We describe two cases with a phenotypic overlap between OI and RSS who both have COL1A1 mutations. Thus, a type 1 collagenopathy should be considered in the differential diagnosis of syndromic short stature.

  4. Effects of Tamarind (Tamarindus indicus Linn) seed extract on Russell's viper (Daboia russelli siamensis) venom.

    PubMed

    Maung, K M; Lynn, Z

    2012-12-01

    Snake bite has been regarded as an important health problem in Myanmar since early 1960's. In the recent years, there has been growing interest in alternative therapies and therapeutic use of natural products, especially those derive from plants. In Myanmar and Indian traditional medicine, various plants have used as a remedy for treating snake bite. The present study was carried out to evaluate the effects of alcohol extract of Tamarind (Tamarindus indica Linn.) seed on some biologic properties of Russell's viper (Daboia russelli siamensis) venom (RVV). The Phospholipase A2 (PLA2) enzyme, coagulase enzyme and caseinolytic enzyme activities of Russell's viper venom (RVV) were reduced when mixed and incubated with the extract. When the RVV and the different amount of extracts were preincubated and injected intramuscularly into mice, all of them survived, but all the mice in the control group died. On the other hand, when RVV were injected first followed by the extract into mice, all of them died. If the extract was injected near the site where Russell's viper venom was injected, all the mice survived for more than 24 hours and the survival time prolonged but they all died within 96 hours. In conclusion, according to the results obtained, the extract neutralizes some biologic properties of the Russell's viper venom and prolonged the survival time if the extract was injected near the site where the Russell's viper venom was injected.

  5. Heredity, development and evolution: the unmodern synthesis of E.S. Russell.

    PubMed

    Esposito, Maurizio

    2013-09-01

    In 1930, while R.A. Fisher, J.B.S. Haldane, E.B. Ford and S.G. Wright were laying the foundations of what a decade later J.S. Huxley dubbed "Modern Synthesis", E.S. Russell published a groundbreaking work, The Interpretation of Development and Heredity. In this book Russell not only condemned Mendelian genetics and neo-Darwinism, but also proposed an alternative synthesis unifying heredity, development, and evolution. The book did not represent the work of a mind operating in isolation. Rather, it was a synthetic work connecting ideas and doctrines of many influential scientists working in Europe and the USA. Through the analysis of archival documents and rarely or never mentioned sources, this article provides an unconventional picture of Russell's theoretical biology. It will be shown that Russell was an international celebrity; he was at the centre of a large network of scholars who shared his ideas and insights. He was one of several biologists arguing for a different synthesis; a synthesis perhaps less visible, less institutionalised, and less 'modern', nevertheless with its influential advocates and international support. Finally, this study shows that Russell's synthesis was not rooted in the classic pantheon of towering figures in the history of biology, i.e. Darwin, Wallace, and Mendel, but was based on the teachings of Kant, Goethe, Cuvier, von Baer, and Müller. PMID:23408008

  6. Effects of Tamarind (Tamarindus indicus Linn) seed extract on Russell's viper (Daboia russelli siamensis) venom.

    PubMed

    Maung, K M; Lynn, Z

    2012-12-01

    Snake bite has been regarded as an important health problem in Myanmar since early 1960's. In the recent years, there has been growing interest in alternative therapies and therapeutic use of natural products, especially those derive from plants. In Myanmar and Indian traditional medicine, various plants have used as a remedy for treating snake bite. The present study was carried out to evaluate the effects of alcohol extract of Tamarind (Tamarindus indica Linn.) seed on some biologic properties of Russell's viper (Daboia russelli siamensis) venom (RVV). The Phospholipase A2 (PLA2) enzyme, coagulase enzyme and caseinolytic enzyme activities of Russell's viper venom (RVV) were reduced when mixed and incubated with the extract. When the RVV and the different amount of extracts were preincubated and injected intramuscularly into mice, all of them survived, but all the mice in the control group died. On the other hand, when RVV were injected first followed by the extract into mice, all of them died. If the extract was injected near the site where Russell's viper venom was injected, all the mice survived for more than 24 hours and the survival time prolonged but they all died within 96 hours. In conclusion, according to the results obtained, the extract neutralizes some biologic properties of the Russell's viper venom and prolonged the survival time if the extract was injected near the site where the Russell's viper venom was injected. PMID:23202603

  7. Heredity, development and evolution: the unmodern synthesis of E.S. Russell.

    PubMed

    Esposito, Maurizio

    2013-09-01

    In 1930, while R.A. Fisher, J.B.S. Haldane, E.B. Ford and S.G. Wright were laying the foundations of what a decade later J.S. Huxley dubbed "Modern Synthesis", E.S. Russell published a groundbreaking work, The Interpretation of Development and Heredity. In this book Russell not only condemned Mendelian genetics and neo-Darwinism, but also proposed an alternative synthesis unifying heredity, development, and evolution. The book did not represent the work of a mind operating in isolation. Rather, it was a synthetic work connecting ideas and doctrines of many influential scientists working in Europe and the USA. Through the analysis of archival documents and rarely or never mentioned sources, this article provides an unconventional picture of Russell's theoretical biology. It will be shown that Russell was an international celebrity; he was at the centre of a large network of scholars who shared his ideas and insights. He was one of several biologists arguing for a different synthesis; a synthesis perhaps less visible, less institutionalised, and less 'modern', nevertheless with its influential advocates and international support. Finally, this study shows that Russell's synthesis was not rooted in the classic pantheon of towering figures in the history of biology, i.e. Darwin, Wallace, and Mendel, but was based on the teachings of Kant, Goethe, Cuvier, von Baer, and Müller.

  8. 76 FR 7590 - Bruss North America Russell Springs, Kentucky; Notice of Revised Determination on Reconsideration

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-10

    ... in the Federal Register on June 16, 2010 (75 FR 34175). The subject workers are engaged in employment related to the production of automobile parts and component parts. The worker group does not include any... Springs, Kentucky, who are engaged in employment related to the production of automobile parts...

  9. New developments in Silver-Russell syndrome and implications for clinical practice.

    PubMed

    Ishida, Miho

    2016-04-01

    Silver-Russell syndrome is a clinically and genetically heterogeneous disorder, characterized by prenatal and postnatal growth restriction, relative macrocephaly, body asymmetry and characteristic facial features. It is one of the imprinting disorders, which results as a consequence of aberrant imprinted gene expressions. Currently, maternal uniparental disomy of chromosome 7 accounts for approximately 10% of Silver-Russell syndrome cases, while ~50% of patients have hypomethylation at imprinting control region 1 at chromosome 11p15.5 locus, leaving ~40% of cases with unknown etiologies. This review aims to provide a comprehensive list of molecular defects in Silver-Russell syndrome reported to date and to highlight the importance of multiple-loci/tissue testing and trio (both parents and proband) screening. The epigenetic and phenotypic overlaps with other imprinting disorders will also be discussed. PMID:27066913

  10. Russell and Burch's 3Rs then and now: the need for clarity in definition and purpose.

    PubMed

    Tannenbaum, Jerrold; Bennett, B Taylor

    2015-03-01

    Russell and Burch's The Principles of Humane Experimental Technique was first published in 1959. A Special Edition containing the original text was reissued in 1992, after its ideas had gained widespread interest in the scientific community. In the Principles, Russell and Burch proposed a new applied science that would improve the treatment of laboratory animals while advancing the quality of science in studies that use animals. They introduced and defined the terms replacement, reduction, and refinement, which subsequently have become known as 'alternatives' or 'alternative methods' for minimizing the potential for animal pain and distress in biomedical research. Here we describe and explain the original definitions of the 3Rs in the Principles, examine how current definitions differ among themselves and from Russell and Burch's definitions, and suggest relevant considerations for evaluating all definitions of the 3Rs.

  11. Russell and Burch's 3Rs Then and Now: The Need for Clarity in Definition and Purpose

    PubMed Central

    Tannenbaum, Jerrold; Bennett, B Taylor

    2015-01-01

    Russell and Burch's The Principles of Humane Experimental Technique was first published in 1959. A Special Edition containing the original text was reissued in 1992, after its ideas had gained widespread interest in the scientific community. In the Principles, Russell and Burch proposed a new applied science that would improve the treatment of laboratory animals while advancing the quality of science in studies that use animals. They introduced and defined the terms replacement, reduction, and refinement, which subsequently have become known as ‘alternatives’ or ‘alternative methods’ for minimizing the potential for animal pain and distress in biomedical research. Here we describe and explain the original definitions of the 3Rs in the Principles, examine how current definitions differ among themselves and from Russell and Burch's definitions, and suggest relevant considerations for evaluating all definitions of the 3Rs. PMID:25836957

  12. Russell Donnelly's last legacy: Pursuing grid turbulence in superfluid 4He

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ihas, Gary; Yang, Jihee

    2015-11-01

    Quantum turbulence, a tangle of quantized vortex lines in a superfluid, may hold significant keys to understanding all types of turbulence. Russell Donnelly pioneered this line of research, beginning with studies of grid turbulence probed by second sound. The apparatus built by Russell and his students, with significant up-grades, is now being used at the University of Florida to continue his work on decaying grid turbulence in superfluid 4He. The Oregon work used a 1cm wide square channel, while the Florida work has been in both 1 cm and 5 cm square channels. The larger channel allows detailed study of the increase in eddy size before saturation at the channel walls during the decay process. Power law fits of the turbulence decay in time allow comparison with theory, work intended to be Russell Donnelly's last experiment. Supported in part by US NSF #1007937.

  13. 77 FR 67829 - Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge and UL Bend National Wildlife Refuge, MT...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-14

    .... Montana State University- 1500 University Drive, 406-657-2011 Billings. Billings, MT 59101. Montana State... Refuge, MT; Availability of Record of Decision for the Final Comprehensive Conservation Plan and Final... of the message. U.S. mail: Charles M. Russell NWR, P.O. Box 110, Lewistown, MT 59457....

  14. 75 FR 54381 - Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge and UL Bend National Wildlife Refuge, MT

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-07

    ... 59538. Montana State University- 1500 University Drive, (406) 657-2011 Billings. Billings, MT 59101... Refuge, MT AGENCY: Fish and Wildlife Service, Interior. ACTION: Notice of availability: Draft.... Russell NWR CCP/EIS, P.O. Box 110, Lewistown, MT 59457. In-Person Viewing or Pickup: Call (406)...

  15. Further additions to the bibliography of Alfred Russel Wallace (1823-1913).

    PubMed

    Smith, C H

    2004-04-01

    Twenty-one previously unrecorded published writings by the English naturalist Alfred Russel Wallace (1823-1913) are noticed. The writings vary greatly in date, size and importance, and include items pertaining both to Wallace's natural history as well as social and political interests PMID:15190918

  16. "Your Tern Now My Tern Later": A Tribute to the Outlaw Writer Russell Hoban

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    de Rijke, Victoria

    2013-01-01

    Russell Hoban died in December 2011. In this article, Victoria de Rijke celebrates this mysterious writer's huge contribution to children's literature over 52 years; a career which began and ended with two mythological books: "The Mouse & His Child" (1967) and "Soonchild" (2012). Published in "CLE" over…

  17. Inventing Orientation and Mobility Techniques and Teaching Methods: A Conversation with Russell Williams (Part 2)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Welsh, Rachard L.

    2005-01-01

    This is the final part of the adaptation from my on-stage conversation with Russell Williams at the 1998 International Mobility conference in Atlanta, GA, which attempted to highlight Williams's contributions to the progression of orientation and mobility from the Army's immediate response to the service men and women who lost their sight during…

  18. In Praise of Idleness: Bertrand Russell's Critical Thinking about the Global Market.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Woodhouse, Howard

    2001-01-01

    Analyzes the Conference Board of Canada's "Employability Skills Profile" to understand how education is being undermined and reduced to skills training. Suggests Bertrand Russell's notion of idleness, when combined with a contemporary critique of the global market made by John McMurtry, affords an inclusive understanding of education as more than…

  19. Visualizing, Rather than Deriving, Russell-Saunders Terms: A Classroom Activity with Quantum Numbers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Coppo, Paolo

    2016-01-01

    A 1 h classroom activity is presented, aimed at consolidating the concepts of microstates and Russell-Saunders energy terms in transition metal atoms and coordination complexes. The unconventional approach, based on logic and intuition rather than rigorous mathematics, is designed to stimulate discussion and enhance familiarity with quantum…

  20. 18. Historic view, ca.1895; view to northeast across canal. Russell ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    18. Historic view, ca.1895; view to northeast across canal. Russell Paper Mills-Lawrence, in Ralph's Scrapbook, Illustrated by His Own Camera and Collection of Photographs, and Compiled by His Father Edmund Bicknell, by Ralph Edmund Bicknell (Lawrence, Massachusetts: The Andover Press, 1905), p.84. - Champion-International Paper Company, West bank of Spicket River at Canal Street, Lawrence, Essex County, MA

  1. Purification and characterization of an organ specific haemorrhagic toxin from Vipera russelli russelli (Russell's viper) venom.

    PubMed

    Kole, L; Chakrabarty, D; Datta, K; Bhattacharyya, D

    2000-04-01

    A haemorrhagic toxin (VRR-12) from Vipera russelli russelli (Russell's viper) venom has been purified by ion-exchange chromatography on CM-Sephadex C-50 followed by size-exclusion HPLC to electrophoretically homogeneous state. It is a 12 kDa single polypeptide having 1 mole of Zn+2 ion. This toxin induces intense intestinal haemorrhage and to a lesser extent skeletal muscle haemorrhage in mice. It does not show detectable proteolytic and esterolytic activity with selected substrates under specified conditions, haemolytic and phospholipase activity. When VRR-12, preincubated with bivalent antiserum against Saw-scaled and Russell's viper venom or EDTA was injected, haemorrhagic activity was not reduced, on the other hand preincubation with phenylmethyl sulphonyl fluoride reduced the activity markedly. Biodistribution studies with 125I VRR-12 show that haemorrhagic manifestation by this toxin is not a direct function of the fraction of the totally administered toxin distributed to that tissue. PMID:10983422

  2. Direct nephrotoxicity of Russell's viper venom demonstrated in the isolated perfused rat kidney.

    PubMed

    Ratcliffe, P J; Pukrittayakamee, S; Ledingham, J G; Warrell, D A

    1989-03-01

    Envenoming by Russell's Viper (Vipera russelli) is an important cause of acute renal failure. The mechanism of renal damage is unresolved. It is difficult to obtain evidence of a direct nephrotoxic action because of the coincidental disturbance to the systemic circulation. We studied the action of Russell's Viper venom on the function of the isolated perfused rat kidney. Direct nephrotoxic action was indicated by a dose dependent decrease in inulin clearance and an increase in fractional excretion of sodium seen at venom concentrations down to 50 ng/ml, a concentration likely to be achieved in the human circulation after envenoming. The isolated perfused kidney was also used to assess the efficiency of antivenom and for a comparison with snake venoms from the Thai cobra (Naja kauothia) and the Nigerian Saw-Scaled Viper (Echis ocellatus). PMID:2929855

  3. First North American Antenna Enables Next Phase in Joint ALMA Observatory

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2009-02-01

    project. With two antennas now on site, we begin the real work of combining signals from them. We are advancing toward ALMA's ultimate goal of surpassing by tenfold existing technology in this area,” explained Philip Puxley, the NSF’s ALMA Program Manager. ALMA officials expect the pace of antenna acceptance to accelerate. “We have nine (North American) antennas on site already,” said Adrian Russell, NRAO’s ALMA Project Director, “and following handover of Number Three we plan to get one through the test procedure each month. Additional North American antennas will be arriving in Chile at a rate of one every two months, and General Dynamics is on track to complete delivery of these systems within days of the original schedule.” When completed early next decade, ALMA will have a total of sixty-six antennas (with the option of further expansion) provided by partners in North America, Europe, and East Asia. The first European antennas, produced under the auspices of the European Organization for Astronomical Research in the Southern Hemisphere (ESO) are scheduled to begin arriving early this year. The ALMA Project is a partnership between the scientific communities of East Asia, Europe and North America with Chile. ALMA is funded in North America by the U.S. National Science Foundation in cooperation with the National Research Council of Canada and the National Science Council of Taiwan. ALMA construction and operations are led on behalf of North America by the National Radio Astronomy Observatory, which is operated under cooperative agreement by Associated Universities, Inc. Notes for Editors * High-resolution images associated with this press release: o Antenna o Antenna on Transporter 1 o Antenna on Transporter 2 * Additional information about ALMA * ALMA will be the leading astronomical instrument for observing the cool Universe - the molecular gas and dust that constitute the building blocks of stars, planetary systems, galaxies, and of life itself. * ALMA

  4. Distinct 15q genotypes in Russell-Silver and ring 15 syndromes

    SciTech Connect

    Rogan, P.K.; Seip, J.R.; Driscoll, D.J.

    1996-03-01

    Individuals with a ring 15 chromosome [r(15)] and those with Russell-Silver syndrome have short stature, developmental delay, triangular face, and clinodactyly. To assess whether the apparent phenotypic overlap of these conditions reflects a common genetic cause, the extent of deletions in chromosome 15q was determined in 5 patients with r(15), 1 patient with del 15q26.1-qter, and 5 patients with Russell-Silver syndrome. All patient with Russell-Silver syndrome were diploid for genetic markers in distal 15q, indicating that Russell-Silver syndrome in these individuals was unlikely to be related to the expression of single alleles at these or linked genetic loci. At least 3 distinct sites of chromosome breakage close to the telomere were found in the r(15) and del 15q25.1-qter patients, with 1 r(15) patient having both a terminal and an interstitial deletion. Although the patient with del 15q25.1-qter exhibited the largest deletion and the most profound growth retardation, the degree of growth impairment among the r(15) patients was not correlated with the size of the deleted interval. Rather, the parental origin of the ring chromosome in several patients was associated with phenotypes that are also seen in patients with either Prader-Willi (PWS) or Angelman (AS) syndromes, conditions that result from uniparental expression of genes on chromosome 15. The PWS-like or AS-like phenotypes could be explained by postzygotic loss of the ring chromosome, leading to uniparental inheritance of the intact chromosome in some tissues of r(15) patients. 33 refs., 2 figs., 3 tabs.

  5. Finding the courage: the unconventional lives of WMS and Claire Russell.

    PubMed

    Paskal, Cleo

    2009-12-01

    WMS and Claire Russell led lives of extraordinary intellectual adventure, spanning from the traditional formal education of Oxford University to the creativity of science fiction and the experimental world of mid-20th Century psychoanalysis. The verbal and pictorial illustrations presented in this article offer an insight into the vast collection of documents related to their lives and work currently being catalogued in the Manuscripts and Special Collections department of the University of Nottingham.

  6. Charles Robert Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace: their dispute over the units of selection.

    PubMed

    Ruse, Michael

    2013-12-01

    Charles Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace independently discovered the mechanism of natural selection for evolutionary change. However, they viewed the working of selection differently. For Darwin, selection was always focused on the benefit for the individual. For Wallace, selection was as much something of benefit for the group as for the individual. This difference is traced to their different background political-economic views, with Darwin in favor of Adam Smith's view of society and Wallace following Robert Owen in being a socialist.

  7. Congenital deafness in Jack Russell terriers: prevalence and association with phenotype.

    PubMed

    Comito, B; Knowles, K E; Strain, G M

    2012-08-01

    Congenital hereditary sensorineural deafness is the most common form of deafness in dogs. The objectives of this study were to determine a reliable measure of the prevalence of deafness in Jack Russell terriers, an affected breed, and associations between deafness and phenotypic characteristics. Brainstem auditory evoked response recordings and phenotypic parameters (coat color, coat texture, sex, eye color, sire and dam hearing status) were recorded for 1009 Jack Russell terriers. The prevalence of unilateral and bilateral deafness was 3.57% and 0.50%, respectively, lower by a factor of three to four than in earlier reports based on smaller and closely related kindreds. Significant association with deafness was identified with white coat color and parental hearing status, but not with sex or coat type. Lack of significant sex or coat type associations and the significant association with white coat color are consistent with previous reports. In conclusion the prevalence of deafness in Jack Russell terriers is lower than initially reported. Deafness was associated with white coat color and parental hearing status. The association with parental hearing status supports this form of deafness being a heritable trait in the breed and the association with white coat color supports an inheritance linked to pigmentation genes.

  8. Preliminary paleontologic report on cores 19A and 19B, from Russell Bank, Everglades National Park, Florida Bay

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Brewster-Wingard, G. L.; Ishman, S.E.; Willard, D.A.; Edwards, L.E.; Holmes, C.W.

    1997-01-01

    The fauna and flora preserved in two cores, 19A and 19B, from the south side of Russell Bank (N 25 03.831', W 80 37.486') in north-central Florida Bay, Everglades National Park, Florida, record a history of environmental change over the last century. The benthic foraminifera and molluscs indicate fluctuating salinities with increasing average salinity upcore in core 19B. Shifts from low salinity (12-15 ppt) to higher average salinity (30 ppt) occurred at 70-66 cm and 24-18 cm in core 19B (approximately 1937-1940 and 1975-1980). The inverse, shifts from periods of higher average salinity to periods of lower salinity, occurred at 140 cm, 90 cm, and 42 cm (approximately 1880, 1921, and 1960). Significant changes in the molluscan fauna indicative of specific substrate types occur at 88 cm, 68 cm, and 22 cm. The lower portion of the core is dominated by a mixture of sediment and grass dwellers, the middle portion by sediment dwellers, and the upper portion of the core by grass and finally grass and algae dwellers. Changes occur in the floral assemblages in core 19A, but the significance of these changes is unclear. Three subtle shifts occur in the pollen assemblages indicating the onshore vegetation was responding to some environmental factor. Two peaks in dinocyst abundance occur in core 19A, but the composition of dinocyst assemblages remains relatively stable throughout the core. Correspondence between changes in salinity and onshore vegetation changes is consistent with results from previous cores. The pattern of increased salinity upcore is consistent with patterns seen in core T24 from the mouth of Taylor Creek and in core 6A from Bob Allen mudbank.

  9. Psychosis in Secondary Empty Sella Syndrome following a Russell's Viper Bite

    PubMed Central

    Ratnakaran, Badr; Punnoose, Varghese P.; Das, Soumitra; Kartha, Arjun

    2016-01-01

    Hypopituitarism can present with psychiatric symptoms. We report a unique case of psychosis in clear consciousness in a case of hypopituitarism due to the secondary empty sella syndrome following a Russell's viper bite which was untreated and presented with psychotic symptoms for past 13 years following the snake bite. After the diagnosis of psychosis due to hypopituitarism was made, the patient was treated with levothyroxine and prednisolone supplements and his psychotic symptoms subsided without any psychotropic drugs. Vasculotoxic snake bites can cause hypopituitarism and can present with psychosis. Further research will be needed into the prevalence of this phenomenon. PMID:27335524

  10. Charles Robert Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace: their dispute over the units of selection.

    PubMed

    Ruse, Michael

    2013-12-01

    Charles Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace independently discovered the mechanism of natural selection for evolutionary change. However, they viewed the working of selection differently. For Darwin, selection was always focused on the benefit for the individual. For Wallace, selection was as much something of benefit for the group as for the individual. This difference is traced to their different background political-economic views, with Darwin in favor of Adam Smith's view of society and Wallace following Robert Owen in being a socialist. PMID:24014173

  11. Seminoma in a Man with Russell-Silver Syndrome Presenting with Testicular Torsion.

    PubMed

    Funada, Satoshi; Ikeuchi, Ryosuke; Yoshida, Toru; Segawa, Takehiko

    2016-01-01

    Russell-Silver syndrome (RSS) is a type of primordial dwarfism. Only one case of testicular cancer in RSS has been reported, the pathology of which was nonseminoma. Here, we report a case of seminoma in a 36-year-old man who was diagnosed with RSS at birth. The seminoma was diagnosed when the patient presented with testicular torsion. This is the first report of testicular seminoma in an RSS patient in the literature. We also discussed the correlation between seminoma and RSS. PMID:27034882

  12. Seminoma in a Man with Russell-Silver Syndrome Presenting with Testicular Torsion

    PubMed Central

    Ikeuchi, Ryosuke; Yoshida, Toru; Segawa, Takehiko

    2016-01-01

    Russell-Silver syndrome (RSS) is a type of primordial dwarfism. Only one case of testicular cancer in RSS has been reported, the pathology of which was nonseminoma. Here, we report a case of seminoma in a 36-year-old man who was diagnosed with RSS at birth. The seminoma was diagnosed when the patient presented with testicular torsion. This is the first report of testicular seminoma in an RSS patient in the literature. We also discussed the correlation between seminoma and RSS. PMID:27034882

  13. The Reflection Effect on the Eclipsing Binary by the Wilson and Devinney's Model and Russell and Merrill's Model

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Choea, Seong Hee; Kang, Young Woon

    1992-06-01

    The reflection effect on three types of eclipsing binaries has been analyzed Wilson and Devinney's model and Russell and Merrill's model. The reflection effect was displayed on the theoretical light curves for the various conditions using the Wilson and Devinney's light curve program. Two models were compared after the rectifing the theoretical light curves including the reflection effect with the Russell and Merrill's method. The result shows that two models have an agreement on the reflection effect just in cases of the small difference in temperature and albedo between two stars in the system.

  14. The marine record of the Russell Fiord outburst flood, Alaska, U.S.A

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Cowan, E.A.; Carlson, P.R.; Powell, R.D.

    1996-01-01

    The advance of Hubbard Glacier, near Yakutat, Alaska, U.S.A., in spring 1986 blocked the entrance to Russell Fiord with an ice-and-sediment dam, behind which a lake formed. The water level in Russell Lake rose to 25.5 m a.s.l. The dam catastrophically failed in October 1986, releasing 5.4 km3 of water into Disenchantment Bay. High-resolution seismic-reflection profiles show a 7.5 km long channel system cut into and buried by glacimarine sediment, represented by continuous, parallel reflections. The chaotic seismic facies filling the channel is interpreted to be debris flow deposits. A gravity core from channel-overbank deposits contained sandy diamicton with mud clasts. Above the channel a 1-2 m thick sediment drape extends across the bay. Laminated mud, fining-upward sand beds and diamicton were recovered from this unit. The sediment-drape deposits were produced by suspension settling from turbid plumes and non-channelized turbidity currents generated by the outburst flood.

  15. W. Ritchie Russell, A.B. Baker, and Fred Plum: Pioneers of ventilatory management in poliomyelitis.

    PubMed

    Wijdicks, Eelco F M

    2016-09-13

    Historically, neurologists were not involved in the day-to-day management of critically ill patients with bulbar poliomyelitis, but some were. The major contributions of 3 neurologists-W. Ritchie Russell, A.B. Baker, and Fred Plum-in the respiratory management of poliomyelitis have not been recognized. Russell's work was instrumental in identifying multiple types of poliomyelitis defined by their respiratory needs, and he advised treatment that varied from simple postural drainage to use of respirators. He participated in the development of the Radcliffe respiratory pump. Baker recognized the essential involvement of the vagal nerve in respiratory distress, but also observed that involvement of vital centers without cranial nerve involvement would lead to irregular and shallow respiration in some patients and in others with marked dysautonomic features. A similar finding of central involvement of respiration was noted by Plum, who also stressed the importance of hypercapnia. Plum emphasized measurements of vital capacity and techniques to minimize trauma with suctioning after tracheostomy. These 3 neurologists understood the importance of airway and ventilator management, which is currently one of the many pillars of neurocritical care. PMID:27621379

  16. Russell-Silver Syndrome in a Nigerian infant with intrauterine growth retardation.

    PubMed Central

    Johnson, A. W.; Mokuolu, O. A.

    2001-01-01

    Russell-Silver Syndrome (RSS) is a rare cause of pre-natal dwarfism, associated with recognizable dysmorphic features and limb asymmetry. The propositus was a term infant of unrelated Nigerian parents, whose 35-year-old mother had peri-conceptual haloperidol for schizophrenia. Anthropometric values suggested severe prenatal stunting in a term infant with asymmetric "head sparing" intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR). A syndromic consideration of Russell-Silver dwarfism was subsequently predicated on the distinctive dysmorphic craniofacial features of a triangular facial profile with a broad forehead and hypoplastic mandible, right upper and lower limb rhizomelia, clinodactyly of the little fingers, micro-penis, and (unilateral) cryptochidism. Routine care of a small-for-gestational-age infant was pursued, but postnatal growth remained slow (despite adequate caloric provision) until a parent-pressured discharge at 4 weeks. His subsequent demise was said to have occurred "suddenly" 2 weeks post-discharge. Despite the limitations posed by the local paucity of modern investigative tools for genetic disorders, the current case report underscores the diagnostic reality of RSS in a non-white African population. While emphasizing the need for a high index of diagnostic suspicion for congenital malformations and syndromic causes of IUGR in the African sub-region, we suspect a possible etiologic association of haloperidol embryopathy with RSS in the current case. The characteristic features, differential diagnoses, etiologic postulates/current cytogenetic and molecular genetic findings of RSS are fully reviewed in the discussion. Images Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 3 PMID:11405596

  17. 76 FR 32226 - Russell Newman, Inc., a Subsdiary of RNA Holdings, LLC, Including On-Site Leased Workers From...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-03

    ..., 2011 (76 FR 14693). At the request of the State agency, the Department reviewed the certification for... Employment and Training Administration Russell Newman, Inc., a Subsdiary of RNA Holdings, LLC, Including On...., Denton, TX; RNA Holdings, LLC, New York Division, a Subsidiary of SE-RN Holdings, LLC, New York,...

  18. A Brief Historical Introduction to Solitons and the Inverse Scattering Transform--A Vision of Scott Russell

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Debnath, Lokenath

    2007-01-01

    This paper deals with a brief introduction to major remarkable discoveries of the "soliton" and the "inverse scattering transform" in the 1960s. The discovery of the soliton (or the solitary waves) began with the famous physical experiments of the Scottish Engineer and Naval Architect John Scott Russell in the Glasgow-Edinburgh Canal in 1834. The…

  19. Piecing Together Bertrand Russell's "What I Have Lived For": An Exercise for Students Studying the Five-Paragraph Theme.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walls, Doyle W.

    1983-01-01

    This exercise is intended to teach the sense of sentences and their place in the larger fabric of paragraphs as they are woven into organized papers. Based on the five-paragraph theme (introduction, three body paragraphs, and conclusion), the exercise divides "What I Haved Lived For," the prologue to "The Autobiography of Bertrand Russell,…

  20. Developing a Hybrid Model of Rational-Emotive Therapy and Systemic Family Therapy: A Response to Russell and Morrill.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guterman, Jeffrey T.

    1991-01-01

    Challenges Russell and Morrill's (1989) assertion that a practical blending of Rational Emotive Therapy (RET) and systemic family therapy is possible. Cautions that a connection between these approaches be made only with an appreciation and respect for these schools' epistemological differences and correspondingly disparate cognitive change…

  1. Possible seasonal activity of gullies on an sand dune (Russell crater, Mars)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jouannic, Gwénaël.; Gargani, Julien; Costard, François

    2010-05-01

    Recent work has shown that gullies are among the most youthful features on Mars (Malin and Edgett, 2000; Costard et al., 2002; Reiss and Jaumann, 2003, Malin et al., 2006). Here we show that the gullies located on the Russell Crater dune are not only extremely youthful but also seem to be still actives. Various geomorphological features consistent with a seasonal activity suggest reactivated flows over the last three terrestrial years. Moreover, using an assemblage of 26 HiRISE images over a 31 month period (November 2006-May 2009) and superposed with MOLA tracks, we performed a quantitative analysis of the sinuosity and branching of the gullies on the shallow slope of the Russell crater. These geomorphologicals features suggest that debris flow have been formed by a fluid flow. As pure water generally is not thought to be stable on the surface of Mars under current conditions, these gullies could be indicative of a highly localized zone of meta-stability heretofore unidentified in the literature or by a highly mineralized water. Equally, the occurrence of the gullies on a dune may point to a near-surface source, i.e. near surface permafrost (Vedie et al. 2008), that could have been emplaced under conditions associated with late Amazonian obliquity excursions (Costard et al., 2002). Nevertheless, the precise composition of the fluid (CO2, mineralized water,…) is still unknown. Costard, F., Forget, F., Mangold, N., Peulvast, J.P., 2002. Formation of recent martian debris flow by melting of near-surface ground ice at high obliquity. Science, 295, 110-113. Malin, M.C., Edgett, K.E., 2000. Evidence for recent groundwater seepage and surface runoff on Mars. Science, 288, 2330-2335. Malin, M.C., Edgett, K.E., Posiolova, L.V., McColley, S.M., Dobrea, E.Z., 2006. Present day impact crater rate and contemporary gully activity on Mars. Science, 314, 1573-1577. Reiss, D., Jaumann, R., 2003. Recent debris flows on Mars : Seasonal observations of the Russell Crater dune field

  2. Alfred Russel Wallace and the road to natural selection, 1844-1858.

    PubMed

    Smith, Charles H

    2015-01-01

    Conventional wisdom has had it that the naturalist Alfred Russel Wallace and his colleague Henry Walter Bates journeyed to the Amazon in 1848 with two intentions in mind: to collect natural history specimens, and to consider evidential materials that might reveal the causal basis of organic evolution. This understanding has been questioned recently by the historian John van Wyhe, who points out that with regard to the second matter, at least, there appears to be no evidence of a "smoking gun" variety proving it so. In the present essay the circumstances of Wallace's interest in the matter are reviewed, and van Wyhe is taken to task with alternate explanations for the facts he introduces in his argument. The conclusion is that Wallace almost certainly did have the second objective in mind when he left for both the Amazon, and the Far East.

  3. Capturing the will: Imposture, delusion, and exposure in Alfred Russel Wallace's defence of spirit photography.

    PubMed

    Mitchell, Benjamin David

    2014-06-01

    The co-discoverer of natural selection, Alfred Russel Wallace, found himself deeply embroiled in a range of controversies surrounding the relationship between science and spiritualism. At the heart of these controversies lay a crisis of evidence in cases of delusion or imposture. He had the chance to observe the many epistemic impasses brought about by this crisis while participating in the trial of the American medium Henry Slade, and through his exchanges with the physiologist William Benjamin Carpenter and the psychical researcher Frederic Myers. These contexts help to explain the increasing value that Wallace placed on the evidence of spirit photography. He hoped that it could simultaneously break these impasses, while answering once and for all the interconnected questions of the unity of the psyche and the reliability of human observation.

  4. Alfred Russel Wallace's medical libertarianism: state medicine, human progress, and evolutionary purpose.

    PubMed

    Flannery, Michael A

    2015-01-01

    Alfred Russel Wallace (1823-1913), naturalist and explorer of South America and the Malay Archipelago, secured his place in history by independently discovering the theory of natural selection. His letter outlining the theory was sent from Ternate in eastern Indonesia and received at Down House, according to Charles Darwin (1809-82), on June 18, 1858, prompting the now-famed evolutionist to rush his languishing manuscript to press. Wallace's contributions to evolutionary biology, biogeography, and anthropology are well known, but his medical views have received far less attention. Within the context of a strident populist antivaccination movement and an ominous elitist eugenics campaign, Wallace took his stand, which revealed itself in a libertarianism that defended traditional socialist constituencies (the working poor, the lumpenproletariat, and feminist reformers) against state-mandated medical interventions. Rather than viewing Wallace as a heterodox contrarian, this article argues that his positions were logical outgrowths of his medical libertarianism and evolutionary and social theories.

  5. Alfred Russel Wallace and the road to natural selection, 1844-1858.

    PubMed

    Smith, Charles H

    2015-01-01

    Conventional wisdom has had it that the naturalist Alfred Russel Wallace and his colleague Henry Walter Bates journeyed to the Amazon in 1848 with two intentions in mind: to collect natural history specimens, and to consider evidential materials that might reveal the causal basis of organic evolution. This understanding has been questioned recently by the historian John van Wyhe, who points out that with regard to the second matter, at least, there appears to be no evidence of a "smoking gun" variety proving it so. In the present essay the circumstances of Wallace's interest in the matter are reviewed, and van Wyhe is taken to task with alternate explanations for the facts he introduces in his argument. The conclusion is that Wallace almost certainly did have the second objective in mind when he left for both the Amazon, and the Far East. PMID:25424743

  6. Capturing the will: Imposture, delusion, and exposure in Alfred Russel Wallace's defence of spirit photography.

    PubMed

    Mitchell, Benjamin David

    2014-06-01

    The co-discoverer of natural selection, Alfred Russel Wallace, found himself deeply embroiled in a range of controversies surrounding the relationship between science and spiritualism. At the heart of these controversies lay a crisis of evidence in cases of delusion or imposture. He had the chance to observe the many epistemic impasses brought about by this crisis while participating in the trial of the American medium Henry Slade, and through his exchanges with the physiologist William Benjamin Carpenter and the psychical researcher Frederic Myers. These contexts help to explain the increasing value that Wallace placed on the evidence of spirit photography. He hoped that it could simultaneously break these impasses, while answering once and for all the interconnected questions of the unity of the psyche and the reliability of human observation. PMID:24603059

  7. Alfred Russel Wallace's medical libertarianism: state medicine, human progress, and evolutionary purpose.

    PubMed

    Flannery, Michael A

    2015-01-01

    Alfred Russel Wallace (1823-1913), naturalist and explorer of South America and the Malay Archipelago, secured his place in history by independently discovering the theory of natural selection. His letter outlining the theory was sent from Ternate in eastern Indonesia and received at Down House, according to Charles Darwin (1809-82), on June 18, 1858, prompting the now-famed evolutionist to rush his languishing manuscript to press. Wallace's contributions to evolutionary biology, biogeography, and anthropology are well known, but his medical views have received far less attention. Within the context of a strident populist antivaccination movement and an ominous elitist eugenics campaign, Wallace took his stand, which revealed itself in a libertarianism that defended traditional socialist constituencies (the working poor, the lumpenproletariat, and feminist reformers) against state-mandated medical interventions. Rather than viewing Wallace as a heterodox contrarian, this article argues that his positions were logical outgrowths of his medical libertarianism and evolutionary and social theories. PMID:23989935

  8. Kenneth Fitzpatrick Russell: the first reader to the Gordon Craig Library.

    PubMed

    Burke, P F

    1997-08-01

    A review of the life and achievements of Kenneth Fitzpatrick Russell, whose death in his 76th year robbed us of a civilized gentleman who was at the zenith of his creative output, would be a daunting task, if only because of the breadth of his hobbies and interests: art and medical literature; reading; sinology and seal carving; numismatics, medical philately; bookbinding, collecting bookplates; carpentry; metal work, including pewter casting and silversmithing; model ship building and cooking. Yet these various interests were simply a backdrop to his public career at the University of Melbourne and the Royal Australasian College of Surgeons, where he laid the foundations of an international reputation as scholar and collector.

  9. Kenneth Fitzpatrick Russell: the first reader to the Gordon Craig Library.

    PubMed

    Burke, P F

    1997-08-01

    A review of the life and achievements of Kenneth Fitzpatrick Russell, whose death in his 76th year robbed us of a civilized gentleman who was at the zenith of his creative output, would be a daunting task, if only because of the breadth of his hobbies and interests: art and medical literature; reading; sinology and seal carving; numismatics, medical philately; bookbinding, collecting bookplates; carpentry; metal work, including pewter casting and silversmithing; model ship building and cooking. Yet these various interests were simply a backdrop to his public career at the University of Melbourne and the Royal Australasian College of Surgeons, where he laid the foundations of an international reputation as scholar and collector. PMID:9287914

  10. Violation of the Vogt-Russell theorem for homogeneous nondegenerate stars

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Stothers, R.

    1974-01-01

    A systematic study is made of the number and types of solutions of the equilibrium equations of stellar structure, in the case of homogeneous stars of Population I over the mass range 2-1000 solar masses, with four different opacity representations. A variant of the usual fitting method permits the simultaneous investigation of convergence and tendency toward multiplicity of the solutions. Quadratic interpolation and extrapolation of Carson's new opacity tables produces a very large opacity at low temperatures that greatly affects the loose outer layers of massive stars, while leaving the cores practically unaffected. As a result, over a small mass range, well above 100 solar masses, triple solutions exist, always near an effective temperature of log Te = 4.73. A simple classification of the known exceptions to the Vogt-Russell theorem on the uniqueness of stellar structure is given.

  11. FPGA-based adaptive backstepping fuzzy control for a micro-positioning Scott-Russell mechanism

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fung, Rong-Fong; Weng, Ming-Hong; Kung, Ying-Shieh

    2009-11-01

    This paper utilizes the field programmable gate array (FPGA) and Nios II embedded processor technologies to design a controller IC for a micro-positioning Scott-Russell (SR) mechanism, which is driven by a piezoelectric actuator (PA) and its hysteresis phenomenon is described by Bouc-Wen hysteresis model. For the controller design, the adaptive backstepping fuzzy control (ABFC) method is developed to compensate the PA's hysteresis and achieve the motion tracking control. The fuzzy logic method (FLM) is utilized to find the best adaptation gain of the adaptation law and control gain of the stabilization controls. This ABFC controller method can improve the transient and asymptotic tracking performances, and make the SR mechanism keep good working performance when external disturbances is added in the control system. Finally, we successfully apply the system-on-a-programmable-chip (SoPC) technologies to develop the motion controller IC, and achieve the advantages of reduced space, high performance and low cost.

  12. [Russell's syndrome: a case of long-term survival and review of the literature].

    PubMed

    Amoroso, L; Cacchione, A; Valentini, D; Foco, M; Gonfiantini, M; Cappelli, C; Ceccarelli, G

    2004-06-01

    We report the case of a two years old, normally eating child, affected by organic macies and severe dystrophy. After the negative response of blood and laboratory examinations let us exclude a malabsorption syndrome, only the performance of neuro-radiologic exams showed evidence of a subthalamic tumor as the cause of a "Diencephalic syndrome". Diencephalic syndrome or Russell's syndrome is a diencephalic tumor induced disease, which sets in the first time of life. The disease clinical markers are a severe emaciation with appetite preservation and absence or very scarce evidence of any telltale neurological sign. The tumoral histo-pathology most frequently shows a low grade of malignancy astrocytoma, whose eradication is very often difficult because of particular anatomic site. Treatment of choice includes an excisional biopsy with chemotherapy and radiotherapy. We report a clinical case of long-term survival and review of the literature.

  13. Investigation of Greenland Russell glacier with remote sensing observations and ice sheet/hydrodynamic simulations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yun, Hyewon; Kim, Jungrack; Tsai, YaLun; Lin, ShihYuan; Choi, Yunsoo

    2016-04-01

    There is great interest in the mechanism and consequences of arctic ice sheet migration in the context of worldwide climate change. An in-depth investigation of glacial movement involving supra/under glacial hydrological channel activities is key to understanding the acceleration of Greenland's ice sheet changes and needs to be established as an integrated model. In terms of the glacial migration involving basal hydrology, we have conducted a case study over the Russell glacier in western Greenland. Remote sensed image analyses combined with a numerical model in its melt water outflow channels, such as the Akuliarusiarsuup Kuua and Qinnguata Kuussua rivers, and ice sheet simulations were performed. Employed technical approaches are summarized as follows: 1) Collecting 3D migration vectors combining differential interferometric SAR (D-InSAR) analysis, together with the in-house pixel tracking method employing optical flow and sub-pixel refinement with C band Sentinel-1 and L band ALOS PALSAR-2 images; 2) a 2D hydrodynamic simulation based on the channel bathymetry, which was driven from calibrated LANDSAT images together with along-track stereo DTM, and 3) an ice sheet model to extract the bedrock and basal characteristics of the glaciers. In addition, we tried Sentinel-1 InSAR time series to monitor ice sheet migrations over a certain time domain. The results revealed the importance of hydrological channel morphology as a governing factor over migration speeds of glaciers. Specifically, the sub glacial processes and underlying morphology traced by remote sensing observation and the numerical model were correlated with the observed local migration speeds in terminus of the Russell glacier. Those experiences naturally will lead to a more comprehensive understanding of the processes of artic glaciers. Thus, based on the output of this study, the proposed method will be extended to tackle the issues of ice sheet change occurring in the Greenland costal area

  14. Silver-Russell syndrome: a dissection of the genetic aetiology and candidate chromosomal regions

    PubMed Central

    Hitchins, M.; Stanier, P.; Preece, M.; Moore, G.

    2001-01-01

    The main features of Silver-Russell syndrome (SRS) are pre- and postnatal growth restriction and a characteristic small, triangular face. SRS is also accompanied by other dysmorphic features including fifth finger clinodactyly and skeletal asymmetry. The disorder is clinically and genetically heterogeneous, and various modes of inheritance and abnormalities involving chromosomes 7, 8, 15, 17, and 18 have been associated with SRS and SRS-like cases. However, only chromosomes 7 and 17 have been consistently implicated in patients with a strict clinical diagnosis of SRS. Two cases of balanced translocations with breakpoints in 17q23.3-q25 and two cases with a hemizygous deletion of the chorionic somatomammatropin gene (CSH1) on 17q24.1 have been associated with SRS, strongly implicating this region. Maternal uniparental disomy for chromosome 7 (mUPD(7)) occurs in up to 10% of SRS patients, with disruption of genomic imprinting underlying the disease status in these cases. Recently, two SRS patients with a maternal duplication of 7p11.2-p13, and a single proband with segmental mUPD for the region 7q31-qter, were described. These key patients define two separate candidate regions for SRS on both the p and q arms of chromosome 7. Both the 7p11.2-p13 and 7q31-qter regions are subject to genomic imprinting and the homologous regions in the mouse are associated with imprinted growth phenotypes. This review provides an overview of the genetics of SRS, and focuses on the newly defined candidate regions on chromosome 7. The analyses of imprinted candidate genes within 7p11.2-p13 and 7q31-qter, and gene candidates on distal 17q, are discussed.


Keywords: Silver-Russell syndrome; imprinting; mUPD(7); candidates PMID:11748303

  15. Factor X activating enzyme from Russell's viper venom: isolation and characterization.

    PubMed

    Kisiel, W; Hermodson, M A; Davie, E W

    1976-11-01

    The protease from Russell's viper venom that activates factor X (Stuart factor), factor IX (Christmas factor), and protein C was purified by gel filtration on Sephadex G-150 and QAE-Sephadex A-50 column chromatography. The purified enzyme migrated as a single band in sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis with an apparent molecular weight of 79 000. A minimal molecular weight of 78 500 +/- 800 was determined by sedimentation equilibrium in the presence of 6 M guanidine hydrochloride. Upon reduction with 2-mercaptoethanol, a heavy chain (mol wt 59 000) and a light chain were observed. The light chain migrated as a single band (mol wt 19 000) in 7.5% polyacrylamide-sodium dodecyl sulfate gels but appeared as a doublet (mol wt 18 000 and 20 000) in 10% polyacrylamide-sodium dodecyl sulfate gels. The amino-terminal end of the heavy chain was heterogeneous and contained isoleucine, valine and serine. The amino-terminal sequence of the light chain was Val-Leu-Asp. The factor X activator contained 13% carbohydrate including 6.0% hexose, 1.7% N-acetyleneuraminic acid, and 5.3% galactosamine. Most of the carbohydrate was found to be present in the heavy chain, although some was also observed in both forms of the light chain. The factor X activator had no esterase activity toward benzoyl-Phe-Val-Arg-p-nitroanilide or benzoylarginine ethyl ester and was not inhibited by 0.05 M diisopropyl phosphorofluoridate. These data indicate that factor X activator from Russell's viper venom is a highly specific protease composed of one heavy chain and one light chain, and these chains are held together by a disulfide bond(s).

  16. Cecilia Payne-Gaposchkin, Henry Norris Russell Lecture: Fifty Years of Novae

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Burbidge, E. M.

    1999-05-01

    It is easy to pick out my most memorable meeting of the AAS: the 149th meeting held in January, 1977, and hosted by the University of Hawaii, in Honolulu, HI. It was the meeting at which two traditions of the Society were broken, and we moved into the era of equal opportunity for women astronomers. Cecilia Payne-Gaposchkin received the highest award of the AAS: the Henry Norris Russell Lectureship. This award had never before been available to women, otherwise Cecilia would, years earlier, have been honored for the many achievements in her lifetime of renowned astronomical research. And I, the first woman to be elected President of the AAS, had the honor of presenting the illuminated scroll to Cecilia, and of introducing her on the platform where she delivered the Henry Norris Russell Prize Lecture, entitled ``Fifty Years of Novae"(1) . Cecilia opened by comparing the experience of young and old scientists in achieving exciting results from their research, and then led us through the history of the discoveries of and about some famous novae. She described the physical picture that emerged from studies of their light curves, their spectra, and the discovery of their binary nature. Three important tables were included, listing data on cataclysmic binaries (dwarf novae) and their link to the nova phenomenon in general. She recalled that she and Sergei Gaposchkin had hesitated between the names catastrophic and cataclysmic for the dwarf novae, and decided on the latter, from the dictionary definitions of those two terms: ``a cataclysm is a great and general flood" while a catastrophe ``is a final event". The nova phenomenon is recurrent, as are the dwarf novae, and both involve an outpouring of a flood of energy. She concluded by describing her 50 years' experience with novae as presenting ``the contemporary portrait of a nova", rather than a final picture, and by forecasting that the next 50 years of discovering and studying novae will be as full of surprises as the

  17. Joseph A. Burton Forum Award Talk: Remembering our Humanity: the deep impact of the Russell-Einstein Manifesto

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lewis, Patricia M.

    2009-05-01

    ``There lies before us, if we choose, continual progress in happiness, knowledge, and wisdom. Shall we, instead, choose death, because we cannot forget our quarrels? We appeal as human beings to human beings: Remember your humanity, and forget the rest.'' Days before his death, Albert Einstein joined Bertrand Russell and other notable scientists and philosophers in issuing a statement calling for the abolition of war and for governments to ``find peaceful means for the settlement of all matters of dispute between them." As a first step, they called for the renunciation of nuclear weapons. The initiative led to the establishment of the Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs, which bring together influential scholars and public figures concerned with reducing the danger of armed conflict and seeking cooperative solutions for global problems. The Russell-Einstein Manifesto has had a major impact on the way in which people discuss the issues of peace and war. The paper traces the growing awareness of the meaning of war, ways in which violent conflict can be prevented, particularly in the nuclear age, and the humanitarian imperative for so doing. From the Russell-Einstein Manifesto, London, 9 July 1955, signed also by Max Born, Percy W. Bridgman, Leopold Infeld, Frederic Joliot-Curie, Herman J. Muller, Linus Pauling, Cecil F. Powell, Joseph Rotblat and Hideki Yukawa

  18. The prominent absence of Alfred Russel Wallace at the Darwin anniversaries in Germany in 1909, 1959 and 2009.

    PubMed

    Hossfeld, Uwe; Olsson, Lennart

    2013-12-01

    It is well known that the contribution of Alfred Russell Wallace (1823-1913) to the development of the "Darwinian" principle of natural selection has often been neglected. Here we focus on how the three anniversaries to celebrate the origin of the Darwin-Wallace theory in Germany in 1909, in 1959 in the divided country, as well as in 2009, have represented Charles Robert Darwin's and Alfred Russell Wallace's contributions. We have analyzed books and proceedings volumes related to these anniversaries, and the main result is that Wallace was almost always ignored, or only mentioned in passing. In 1909, Ernst Haeckel gave a talk in Jena, later published under the title The worldview of Darwin and Lamarck (Das Weltbild von Darwin und Lamarck), but not as the Darwin-Wallace concept. Haeckel mentions Wallace only once. In two important proceedings volumes from the 1959 anniversaries, Wallace was ignored. The only fair treatment of Wallace is given in another book, a collection of documents edited by Gerhard Heberer, for which the author selected nine key documents and reprinted excerpts (1959). Three of them were articles by Wallace, including the Sarawak- and Ternate-papers of 1855 and 1858, respectively. An analysis of the dominant themes during the celebrations of 2009 shows that none of the six topics had much to do with Wallace and his work. Thus, the tendency to exclude Alfred Russell Wallace is an international phenomenon, and largely attributable to the "Darwin industry". PMID:23975642

  19. The prominent absence of Alfred Russel Wallace at the Darwin anniversaries in Germany in 1909, 1959 and 2009.

    PubMed

    Hossfeld, Uwe; Olsson, Lennart

    2013-12-01

    It is well known that the contribution of Alfred Russell Wallace (1823-1913) to the development of the "Darwinian" principle of natural selection has often been neglected. Here we focus on how the three anniversaries to celebrate the origin of the Darwin-Wallace theory in Germany in 1909, in 1959 in the divided country, as well as in 2009, have represented Charles Robert Darwin's and Alfred Russell Wallace's contributions. We have analyzed books and proceedings volumes related to these anniversaries, and the main result is that Wallace was almost always ignored, or only mentioned in passing. In 1909, Ernst Haeckel gave a talk in Jena, later published under the title The worldview of Darwin and Lamarck (Das Weltbild von Darwin und Lamarck), but not as the Darwin-Wallace concept. Haeckel mentions Wallace only once. In two important proceedings volumes from the 1959 anniversaries, Wallace was ignored. The only fair treatment of Wallace is given in another book, a collection of documents edited by Gerhard Heberer, for which the author selected nine key documents and reprinted excerpts (1959). Three of them were articles by Wallace, including the Sarawak- and Ternate-papers of 1855 and 1858, respectively. An analysis of the dominant themes during the celebrations of 2009 shows that none of the six topics had much to do with Wallace and his work. Thus, the tendency to exclude Alfred Russell Wallace is an international phenomenon, and largely attributable to the "Darwin industry".

  20. Measuring dabigatran with the dilute Russell viper venom confirm assay in an anticoagulation clinic population.

    PubMed

    McGlasson, David L; Fritsma, George A

    2016-01-01

    The dabigatran dose-response is predictable; however, it is necessary to measure plasma levels in a variety of clinical conditions. We evaluated a novel dabigatran measure - the 'dilute Russell viper venom confirm (DRVVC) assay' - against current developmental assays and a reference method. We measured plasma dabigatran and compared results from the Stago Sta-Clot DRVVC assay, Stago Ecarin Chromogenic Assay, Biophen Hemoclot Thrombin Inhibitor, and liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry. We obtained dabigatran calibrators and controls from Biophen, and performed the coagulation assays using a Stago STA-R Evolution coagulometer. Liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry method specimens were performed on an AB Sciex instrument at LabCorp. We enrolled 97 anticoagulation clinic patients (mean age 76 years) who were taking 150 mg dabigatran twice daily. All had creatinine clearances above 30 ml/min; patients were not excluded for concurrent medications or health issues. Citrated blood specimens were processed immediately, and stored at -70°C. We did not correlate collection time with medication time. We employed descriptive statistics, analysis of variance, and the Bland-Altman difference plot to assess the data. The range for all assays was 11.6-917 ng/ml. Analysis of variance generated a P value of 0.1 and Bland-Altman differences were all below 4.0% compared with DRVVC. The DRVVC measures dabigatran with validity comparable to other methods.

  1. The mine and the furnace: Francis Bacon, Thomas Russell, and early Stuart mining culture.

    PubMed

    Pastorino, Cesare

    2009-01-01

    Notwithstanding Francis Bacon's praise for the philosophical role of the mechanical arts, historians have often downplayed Bacon's connections with actual artisans and entrepreneurs. Addressing the specific context of mining culture, this study proposes a rather different picture. The analysis of a famous mining metaphor in The Advancement of Learning shows us how Bacon's project of reform of knowledge could find an apt correspondence in civic and entrepreneurial values of his time. Also, Bacon had interesting and so far unexplored links with the early modern English mining enterprises, like the Company of Mineral and Battery Works, ofwhich he was a shareholder. Moreover, Bacon's notes in a private notebook, Commentarius Solutus, and records of patents of invention, allow us to start grasping Bacon's connections with the metallurgist and entrepreneur Thomas Russell. Lastly, this paper argues that, to fully understand Bacon's links with the world of Stuart technicians and entrepreneurs, it is necessary to consider a different and insufficiently studied aspect of Bacon's interests, namely his work as patents referee while a Commissioner of Suits. PMID:20027760

  2. The ornithologist Alfred Russel Wallace and the controversy surrounding the dinosaurian origin of birds.

    PubMed

    Ibrahim, Nizar; Kutschera, Ulrich

    2013-12-01

    Over many years of his life, the British naturalist Alfred Russel Wallace (1823-1913) explored the tropical forests of Malaysia, collecting numerous specimens, including hundreds of birds, many of them new to science. Subsequently, Wallace published a series of papers on systematic ornithology, and discovered a new species on top of a volcano on Ternate, where he wrote, in 1858, his famous essay on natural selection. Based on this hands-on experience, and an analysis of an Archaeopteryx fossil, Wallace suggested that birds may have descended from dinosaurian ancestors. Here, we describe the "dinosaur-bird hypothesis" that originated with the work of Thomas H. Huxley (1825-1895). We present the strong evidence linking theropod dinosaurs to birds, and briefly outline the long and ongoing controversy around this concept. Dinosaurs preserving plumage, nesting sites and trace fossils provide overwhelming evidence for the dinosaurian origin of birds. Based on these recent findings of paleontological research, we conclude that extant birds indeed descended, with some modifications, from small, Mesozoic theropod dinosaurs. In the light of Wallace's view of bird origins, we critically evaluate recent opposing views to this idea, including Ernst Mayr's (1904-2005) arguments against the "dinosaur-bird hypothesis", and document that this famous ornithologist was not correct in his assessment of this important aspect of vertebrate evolution.

  3. Silver-Russell Syndrome and Beckwith-Wiedemann Syndrome: Opposite Phenotypes with Heterogeneous Molecular Etiology.

    PubMed

    Õunap, Katrin

    2016-07-01

    Silver-Russell syndrome (SRS) and Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome (BWS) are 2 clinically opposite growth-affecting disorders belonging to the group of congenital imprinting disorders. The expression of both syndromes usually depends on the parental origin of the chromosome in which the imprinted genes reside. SRS is characterized by severe intrauterine and postnatal growth retardation with various additional clinical features such as hemihypertrophy, relative macrocephaly, fifth finger clinodactyly, and triangular facies. BWS is an overgrowth syndrome with many additional clinical features such as macroglossia, organomegaly, and an increased risk of childhood tumors. Both SRS and BWS are clinically and genetically heterogeneous, and for clinical diagnosis, different diagnostic scoring systems have been developed. Six diagnostic scoring systems for SRS and 4 for BWS have been previously published. However, neither syndrome has common consensus diagnostic criteria yet. Most cases of SRS and BWS are associated with opposite epigenetic or genetic abnormalities in the 11p15 chromosomal region leading to opposite imbalances in the expression of imprinted genes. SRS is also caused by maternal uniparental disomy 7, which is usually identified in 5-10% of the cases, and is therefore the first imprinting disorder that affects 2 different chromosomes. In this review, we describe in detail the clinical diagnostic criteria and scoring systems as well as molecular causes in both SRS and BWS. PMID:27587987

  4. Alfred Russel Wallace and the destruction of island life: the Iguana tragedy.

    PubMed

    Kutschera, Ulrich; Kleinhans, Simon

    2013-12-01

    The Galápagos Islands (Ecuador) are usually associated with the explorations and theoretical deductions of Charles Robert Darwin (1809-1882), but Alfred Russel Wallace (1823-1913) also investigated these islands and published several reports on the living world of this unique archipelago. In contrast to Darwin, Wallace described the destruction of natural ecosystems by humans and foresaw the resulting extinction of species. Here, we outline two case studies pertinent to Wallace's prediction. First, we summarize the behavior of the predator-naive marine iguanas (Amblyrhynchus cristatus) on the Galápagos Islands, which are threatened by feral dogs and cats imported by humans. We also describe the unique life cycle of the spiny-tailed iguana (Ctenosaura bakeri) from the island of Utila (Honduras), a rare species whose populations are declining because of habitat destructions. In contrast to these threatened, endemic island species, the Green iguana (Iguana iguana) is still widely distributed, although, as a result of de-forestation, in some areas of South America local populations have disappeared. We conclude that Wallace was correct in his prediction that, because of human activities, numerous species of animals and plants will be driven to extinction, notably on islands. PMID:23975644

  5. The ornithologist Alfred Russel Wallace and the controversy surrounding the dinosaurian origin of birds.

    PubMed

    Ibrahim, Nizar; Kutschera, Ulrich

    2013-12-01

    Over many years of his life, the British naturalist Alfred Russel Wallace (1823-1913) explored the tropical forests of Malaysia, collecting numerous specimens, including hundreds of birds, many of them new to science. Subsequently, Wallace published a series of papers on systematic ornithology, and discovered a new species on top of a volcano on Ternate, where he wrote, in 1858, his famous essay on natural selection. Based on this hands-on experience, and an analysis of an Archaeopteryx fossil, Wallace suggested that birds may have descended from dinosaurian ancestors. Here, we describe the "dinosaur-bird hypothesis" that originated with the work of Thomas H. Huxley (1825-1895). We present the strong evidence linking theropod dinosaurs to birds, and briefly outline the long and ongoing controversy around this concept. Dinosaurs preserving plumage, nesting sites and trace fossils provide overwhelming evidence for the dinosaurian origin of birds. Based on these recent findings of paleontological research, we conclude that extant birds indeed descended, with some modifications, from small, Mesozoic theropod dinosaurs. In the light of Wallace's view of bird origins, we critically evaluate recent opposing views to this idea, including Ernst Mayr's (1904-2005) arguments against the "dinosaur-bird hypothesis", and document that this famous ornithologist was not correct in his assessment of this important aspect of vertebrate evolution. PMID:23975643

  6. A CHRNE frameshift mutation causes congenital myasthenic syndrome in young Jack Russell Terriers.

    PubMed

    Rinz, Caitlin J; Lennon, Vanda A; James, Fiona; Thoreson, James B; Tsai, Kate L; Starr-Moss, Alison N; Humphries, H Dale; Guo, Ling T; Palmer, Anthony C; Clark, Leigh Anne; Shelton, G Diane

    2015-12-01

    Congenital myasthenic syndromes (CMSs) are a group of rare genetic disorders of the neuromuscular junction resulting in structural or functional causes of fatigable weakness that usually begins early in life. Mutations in pre-synaptic, synaptic and post-synaptic proteins have been demonstrated in human cases, with more than half involving aberrations in nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (AChR) subunits. CMS was first recognized in dogs in 1974 as an autosomal recessive trait in Jack Russell Terriers (JRTs). A deficiency of junctional AChRs was demonstrated. Here we characterize a CMS in 2 contemporary cases of JRT littermates with classic clinical and electromyographic findings, and immunochemical confirmation of an approximately 90% reduction in AChR protein content. Loci encoding the 5 AChR subunits were evaluated using microsatellite markers, and CHRNB1 and CHRNE were identified as candidate genes. Sequences of the splice sites and exons of both genes revealed a single base insertion in exon 7 of CHRNE that predicts a frameshift mutation and a premature stop codon. We further demonstrated this pathogenic mutation in CHRNE in archival tissues from unrelated JRTs studied 34 years ago.

  7. The mine and the furnace: Francis Bacon, Thomas Russell, and early Stuart mining culture.

    PubMed

    Pastorino, Cesare

    2009-01-01

    Notwithstanding Francis Bacon's praise for the philosophical role of the mechanical arts, historians have often downplayed Bacon's connections with actual artisans and entrepreneurs. Addressing the specific context of mining culture, this study proposes a rather different picture. The analysis of a famous mining metaphor in The Advancement of Learning shows us how Bacon's project of reform of knowledge could find an apt correspondence in civic and entrepreneurial values of his time. Also, Bacon had interesting and so far unexplored links with the early modern English mining enterprises, like the Company of Mineral and Battery Works, ofwhich he was a shareholder. Moreover, Bacon's notes in a private notebook, Commentarius Solutus, and records of patents of invention, allow us to start grasping Bacon's connections with the metallurgist and entrepreneur Thomas Russell. Lastly, this paper argues that, to fully understand Bacon's links with the world of Stuart technicians and entrepreneurs, it is necessary to consider a different and insufficiently studied aspect of Bacon's interests, namely his work as patents referee while a Commissioner of Suits.

  8. A CHRNE frameshift mutation causes congenital myasthenic syndrome in young Jack Russell Terriers.

    PubMed

    Rinz, Caitlin J; Lennon, Vanda A; James, Fiona; Thoreson, James B; Tsai, Kate L; Starr-Moss, Alison N; Humphries, H Dale; Guo, Ling T; Palmer, Anthony C; Clark, Leigh Anne; Shelton, G Diane

    2015-12-01

    Congenital myasthenic syndromes (CMSs) are a group of rare genetic disorders of the neuromuscular junction resulting in structural or functional causes of fatigable weakness that usually begins early in life. Mutations in pre-synaptic, synaptic and post-synaptic proteins have been demonstrated in human cases, with more than half involving aberrations in nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (AChR) subunits. CMS was first recognized in dogs in 1974 as an autosomal recessive trait in Jack Russell Terriers (JRTs). A deficiency of junctional AChRs was demonstrated. Here we characterize a CMS in 2 contemporary cases of JRT littermates with classic clinical and electromyographic findings, and immunochemical confirmation of an approximately 90% reduction in AChR protein content. Loci encoding the 5 AChR subunits were evaluated using microsatellite markers, and CHRNB1 and CHRNE were identified as candidate genes. Sequences of the splice sites and exons of both genes revealed a single base insertion in exon 7 of CHRNE that predicts a frameshift mutation and a premature stop codon. We further demonstrated this pathogenic mutation in CHRNE in archival tissues from unrelated JRTs studied 34 years ago. PMID:26429099

  9. Structural health monitoring system of Ironton-Russell bridge during substructure construction

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dalvi, Aditi; Norouzi, Mehdi; Hunt, Victor; Helmicki, Arthur

    2016-04-01

    Monitoring a complex structure has gained popularity worldwide to ensure safety and longevity of the structure. Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) systems have been employed for highway bridges to increase the effectiveness of their in-service inspection, to help measure its degradation or damage, and hence, to ensure it's safe and reliable operation. SHM may also be employed during the construction of a structure in order to ensure the safety and performance of the construction process. Monitoring during construction can also help designers compare the actual behavior of a structure with design models especially because of increasing development of accelerated or otherwise novel construction techniques. Analyzing the behavior of a structure at different stages of construction may also help later define some of the abnormal responses during the lifespan of a bridge. This paper overviews the SHM system of the Ironton-Russell Bridge, Ohio at the construction stage of its substructure. The stages involved in monitoring such as instrumentation of sensors, acquiring data from the sensors, data processing that includes a warning system, static analysis of the data collected and website are detailed in this paper. In addition to this, the effect of construction events as observed by the sensor data for the substructure is analyzed in detail thus validating the capability of the monitoring system.

  10. Alfred Russel Wallace and the destruction of island life: the Iguana tragedy.

    PubMed

    Kutschera, Ulrich; Kleinhans, Simon

    2013-12-01

    The Galápagos Islands (Ecuador) are usually associated with the explorations and theoretical deductions of Charles Robert Darwin (1809-1882), but Alfred Russel Wallace (1823-1913) also investigated these islands and published several reports on the living world of this unique archipelago. In contrast to Darwin, Wallace described the destruction of natural ecosystems by humans and foresaw the resulting extinction of species. Here, we outline two case studies pertinent to Wallace's prediction. First, we summarize the behavior of the predator-naive marine iguanas (Amblyrhynchus cristatus) on the Galápagos Islands, which are threatened by feral dogs and cats imported by humans. We also describe the unique life cycle of the spiny-tailed iguana (Ctenosaura bakeri) from the island of Utila (Honduras), a rare species whose populations are declining because of habitat destructions. In contrast to these threatened, endemic island species, the Green iguana (Iguana iguana) is still widely distributed, although, as a result of de-forestation, in some areas of South America local populations have disappeared. We conclude that Wallace was correct in his prediction that, because of human activities, numerous species of animals and plants will be driven to extinction, notably on islands.

  11. IGF1R mutation analysis in short children with Silver-Russell syndrome features

    PubMed Central

    Soellner, Lukas; Spengler, Sabrina; Begemann, Matthias; Wollmann, Hartmut A.; Binder, Gerhard; Eggermann, Thomas

    2013-01-01

    The insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor (IGF1R) is a key factor in intrauterine and postnatal growth by mediating the biological function of IGF-I. Mutations of IGF1R gene are usually associated with growth retardation, but the clinical picture of IGF1R mutation carriers is heterogeneous. Indeed, these patients show clinical signs compatible with Silver-Russell syndrome (SRS), and some IGF1R mutation carriers have been identified in SRS cohorts. We therefore investigated deoxyribonucleic acid samples of 19 growth-retarded patients with SRS features. Apart from 8 non-pathogenic variants, we detected heterozygosity for the unknown duplication, c.1056_1057dup, leading to a premature termination in one patient and his growth retarded sister. Due to its nature, we assumed that this variant is probably pathogenic. However, the patient and his sister exhibited spontaneous catch-up growth in later life. We therefore hypothesize that the c.1056_1057dup does not result in a significant disruption to the GH-IGFI axis. Thus, this IGF1R mutation without obvious clinical consequence might challenge the actual concept of IGF1R haploinsufficiency as a general cause for disturbed growth in IGF1R mutation carriers. In the future, mutation analysis of IGF1R should be considered in growth-retarded patients with microcephaly and minor SRS features, but not in probands with the characteristic SRS phenotype including macrocephaly. PMID:27625849

  12. IGF1R mutation analysis in short children with Silver-Russell syndrome features.

    PubMed

    Soellner, Lukas; Spengler, Sabrina; Begemann, Matthias; Wollmann, Hartmut A; Binder, Gerhard; Eggermann, Thomas

    2013-09-01

    The insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor (IGF1R) is a key factor in intrauterine and postnatal growth by mediating the biological function of IGF-I. Mutations of IGF1R gene are usually associated with growth retardation, but the clinical picture of IGF1R mutation carriers is heterogeneous. Indeed, these patients show clinical signs compatible with Silver-Russell syndrome (SRS), and some IGF1R mutation carriers have been identified in SRS cohorts. We therefore investigated deoxyribonucleic acid samples of 19 growth-retarded patients with SRS features. Apart from 8 non-pathogenic variants, we detected heterozygosity for the unknown duplication, c.1056_1057dup, leading to a premature termination in one patient and his growth retarded sister. Due to its nature, we assumed that this variant is probably pathogenic. However, the patient and his sister exhibited spontaneous catch-up growth in later life. We therefore hypothesize that the c.1056_1057dup does not result in a significant disruption to the GH-IGFI axis. Thus, this IGF1R mutation without obvious clinical consequence might challenge the actual concept of IGF1R haploinsufficiency as a general cause for disturbed growth in IGF1R mutation carriers. In the future, mutation analysis of IGF1R should be considered in growth-retarded patients with microcephaly and minor SRS features, but not in probands with the characteristic SRS phenotype including macrocephaly. PMID:27625849

  13. Russell's viper venom levels in serum of snake bite victims in Burma.

    PubMed

    Khin Ohn Lwin; Aye Aye Myint; Tun, P e; Theingie Nwe; Min Naing

    1984-01-01

    Serum levels of venom antigen were measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) in 38 Russel's viper bite victims before and after administration of 40 ml of monovalent liquid antivenom. Initial serum levels ranged from one with less than 10.0 ng to 290 ng/ml and in one case a level of 75 ng/ml was detected 27 hours after the bite. Serum venom levels after liquid monospecific antivenom therapy indicated that venom clearance was similar in each case to the natural clearance of venom in the absence of antivenom therapy. In one case a venom level of 11.5 ng/ml was detected 66 hours after liquid antivenom therapy whereas in two fatal cases, serum venom levels of 95 ng/ml and 185 ng/ml were detected after the same interval. Failure of complete neutralization of venom is probably the result of loss of potency of antivenom during improper storage. The amount of venom excreted in the urine was not related to initial serum levels. PMID:6464103

  14. Heparin therapy in Russell's viper bite victims with impending dic (a controlled trial).

    PubMed

    Myint-Lwin; Tin-Nu-Swe; Myint-Aye-Mu; Than-Than; Thein-Than; Tun-Pe

    1989-06-01

    A controlled clinical trial of low-dose heparin was carried out in confirmed cases of Russell's viper bite. Twenty-eight patients with coagulable blood and serum FDP levels (more than 80 micrograms/ml) were included in the study. They were randomised to receive low-dose heparin in an initial dose of 50 units/kg body weight intravenously immediately after antivenom followed by a continuous infusion of 10 units/kg/hr in isotonic saline for 24 hours, or antivenom alone. Response to treatment was assessed clinically as well as by serial measurements of coagulation factors and biochemical variables. No features of systemic envenoming developed in any patient after treatment, but one patient in each group developed microscopic haematuria. No systemic bleeding or acute renal failure occurred in any patient. Recovery rate from the clotting defect was similar in the two groups, but in patients with initially very low fibrinogen levels there was a tendency for the heparin to restore fibrinogen faster than in comparable patients who did not receive heparin. PMID:2532790

  15. Role of the Russell-McPherron Effect in the Acceleration of Relativistic Electrons

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    McPherron, R. L.; Baker, D. N.; Crooker, N. U.

    2010-01-01

    While it is well known that high fluxes of relativistic electrons in the Earth's radiation belts are associated with high-speed solar wind and its heightened geoeffectiveness,less known is the fact that the Russell McPherron(R M) effect strongly controls whether or not a given high-speed stream is geoffective. To test whether it then follows that the R M effect also strongly controls fluxes of relativistic electrons, we perform a superposed epoch analysis across corotating interaction regions (CIR) keyed on the interfaces between slow and fast wind. A total of 394 stream interfaces were identified in the years 1994-2006. Equinoctial interfaces were separated into four classes based on the R-M effect,that is, whether the solar wind on either side of the interface was either(geo)effective (E) or ineffective (I) depending on season and the polarity of the interplanetary magnetic field (IMF). Four classes of interface identified as II, IE, EI,and EE are possible. The classes IE and EI correspond to CIRs with polarity changes indicating passage through the heliospheric current sheet. To characterize the behavior of solar wind and magnetospheric variables, we produced maps of dynamic cumulative probability distribution functions (cdfs) as a function of time over 10-day intervals centered on the interfaces. These reveal that effective high-speed streams have geomagnetic activity nearly twice as strong as ineffective streams and electron fluxes a factor of 12 higher. In addition they show that an effective low-speed stream increases the flux of relativistic electrons before the interface so that an effective to ineffective transition results in lower fluxes after the interface.We conclude that the R-M effect plays a major role in organizing and sustaining a sequence of physical processes responsible for the acceleration of relativistic electrons.

  16. Correction of the axial and appendicular deformities in a patient with Silver-Russel syndrome

    PubMed Central

    Al Kaissi, Ali; Ganger, Rudolf; Mindler, Gabriel; Karner, Christoph; Klaushofer, Klaus; Grill, Franz

    2015-01-01

    Background: Scoliosis and limb length discrepancy are the major orthopaedic abnormalities in patients with Silver-Russel syndrome (SRS). In this paper, we describe a series of orthopaedic interventions in an attempt to overcome the progressive pathologic mechanism in a 7-year-old girl who manifested the full phenotypic features of SRS. Materials and Methods: Unilateral hip dislocation, progressive scoliosis and limb length discrepancy have been dealt with through Pemberton osteotomy, spinal fusion and Taylor-Spatial-Frame respectively. Results: In order to correct the axial and the appendicular deformities a sum of seven operations were performed (between the age of 7 years and 13 years). Pemberton osteotomy was performed to treat dislocation of her right hip because of developmental dysplasia of the hip. Spinal fusion (spondylodesis) of segments Th3-L5 was done to correct her scoliosis. And, to overcome the limb length discrepancy of 15-cm we used Taylor-Spatial-Frame with percutaneous distal corticotomy of the femur, and the proximal tibia, as well as the foot, were performed. We were able to minimize the limb length discrepancy to 5 cm. The girl became able to walk with the aid of a below knee orthosis and through lifting the left limb with 5-cm height shoe. Conclusion: Limb lengthening surgery in patients with multiple malformation complex as in SRS is associated with high recurrence risk because of; muscular hypotonia, overtubulation of the long bones, and the poor bone regenerative quality. Our interventions were principally directed towards improving the cosmetic outlook, functions and the biomechanics. PMID:25659548

  17. A case of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma of the gastrointestinal tract showing extensive plasma cell differentiation with prominent Russell bodies

    PubMed Central

    Kai, Keita; Miyahara, Masaharu; Tokuda, Yasunori; Kido, Shinich; Masuda, Masanori; Takase, Yukari; Tokunaga, Osamu

    2013-01-01

    A 73-year-old Japanese woman was hospitalized for detailed examination of nausea, diarrhea and loss of appetite. Atypical erosion in the ileum was found on endoscopy. Biopsy of this erosion showed proliferation of cells containing numerous Russell bodies. Differential diagnoses considered were Russell body enteritis, crystal-storing histiocytosis, Mott cell tumor, immunoproliferative small intestinal disease (IPSID) and mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma. The cells containing prominent Russell bodies showed diffuse positivity for CD79a and CD138, but negative results for CD20, CD3, UCHL-1, CD38 and CD68. Russell bodies were diffusely positive for lambda light chain, but negative for kappa light chain, and immunoglobulin (Ig) G, IgA and IgM. Based on these findings, Russell body enteritis, crystal-storing histiocytosis and IPSID were ruled out. As the tumor formed no mass lesions and was restricted to the gastrointestinal tract, MALT lymphoma with extensive plasma cell differentiation was finally diagnosed. The patient showed an unexpectedly aggressive clinical course. The number of atypical lymphocytes in peripheral blood gradually increased and T-prolymphocytic leukemia (T-PLL) emerged. The patient died of T-PLL 7 mo after admission. Autopsy was not permitted. PMID:24303496

  18. Comments on 'The magnetic field of Mars - Implications from gas dynamic modeling' by C. T. Russell, J. C. Luhmann, J. R. Spreiter, and S. S. Stahara

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Dolginov, Sh. SH.

    1986-01-01

    The Russell et al. (1984) claim that gas dynamic modeling allows a determination of interplanetary and magnetosheath field configurations resembling the Mars 3 magnetic field observations during the January 21, 1972 encounter, and their proposal of a draped magnetic field pattern model for these data, are presently disputed. Extensive use is made of Martian magnetic field analyses undertaken by Dolginov between 1973 and 1984, which are held to prove the existence of an intrinsic Martian magnetic field. Russell replies that the Russell et al. analysis of the variation in the Mars 2, 3, and 5 data suggests the presence of both zero-level and sensor polarity errors in these data. The rejection of an intrinsic Martian magnetic field is accordingly reaffirmed, pending the availability of less ambiguous data.

  19. 78 FR 14304 - Adrian Vela: Debarment Order

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-05

    ... aspects of purchasing, importing, processing, packing, selling, and exporting seafood products. Beginning... wholesaler based in Keene, NH, which in turn sold the shrimp to a supermarket chain headquartered in Landover... engaged in an offense that involved the sale and purchase of, the offer of sale and purchase of, and...

  20. Detection of Venom after Antivenom Is Not Associated with Persistent Coagulopathy in a Prospective Cohort of Russell's Viper (Daboia russelii) Envenomings

    PubMed Central

    Maduwage, Kalana; O'Leary, Margaret A.; Scorgie, Fiona E.; Shahmy, Seyed; Mohamed, Fahim; Abeysinghe, Chandana; Karunathilake, Harindra; Lincz, Lisa F.; Gnanathasan, Christeine A.; Isbister, Geoffrey K.

    2014-01-01

    Background Venom recurrence or persistence in the circulation after antivenom treatment has been documented many times in viper envenoming. However, it has not been associated with clinical recurrence for many snakes, including Russell's viper (Daboia spp.). We compare the recovery of coagulopathy to the recurrence or persistence of venom in patients with Russell's viper envenoming. Methodology/Principal Findings The study included patients with Russell's viper (D. russelii) envenoming presenting over a 30 month period who had Russell's viper venom detected by enzyme immunoassay. Demographics, information on the snake bite, and clinical effects were collected for all patients. All patients had serum collected for venom specific enzyme immunoassay and citrate plasma to measure fibrinogen levels and prothrombin time (international normalised ratio; INR). Patients with venom recurrence/persistence were compared to those with no detectable recurrence of venom. There were 55 patients with confirmed Russell's viper envenoming and coagulopathy with low fibrinogen concentrations: 31 with venom recurrence/persistence, and 24 with no venom detected post-antivenom. Fibrinogen concentrations increased and INR decreased after antivenom in both the recurrence and non-recurrence patients. Clinical features, laboratory parameters, antivenom dose and length of hospital were similar for both groups. Pre-antivenom venom concentrations were higher in patients with venom recurrence/persistence with a median venom concentration of 385 ng/mL (16–1521 ng/mL) compared to 128 ng/mL (14–1492 ng/mL; p = 0.008). Conclusion Recurrence of Russell's viper venom was not associated with a recurrence of coagulopathy and length of hospital stay. Further work is required to determine if the detection of venom recurrence is due to the venom specific enzyme immunoassay detecting both venom-antivenom complexes as well as free venom. PMID:25521820

  1. Defrosting North

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2004-01-01

    15 June 2004 Spring is upon the martian northern hemisphere, and the north polar cap is shrinking. This Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) image, acquired on 12 June 2004, shows the retreating edge of the seasonal north polar cap near 70oN, 209oW. Low clouds and fogs stream away from the cap edge as it sublimes away. North is approximately up and the image covers an area roughly 500 km (311 mi) across. Sunlight illuminates the scene from the lower left. The crater containing a thick mound of material near the right-center of the image is Korolev.

  2. Effects of phospholipase A2 and metalloprotease fractions of Russell's viper venom on cytokines and renal hemodynamics in dogs.

    PubMed

    Mitrmoonpitak, Channarong; Chulasugandha, Pannipa; Khow, Orawan; Noiprom, Jureeporn; Chaiyabutr, Narongsak; Sitprija, Visith

    2013-01-01

    Several enzymes in Russell's viper (Daboia siamensis) venom are involved in the venom effects and renal injury. The effects of fractional components of Russell's viper venom, phospholipase A(2) and metalloprotease fractions, were examined in two groups of four experimental dogs each. Animals received an intravenous injection of 140 μg/kg of each venom fraction. The inflammatory effects and renal hemodynamic changes were assessed. Plasma concentrations of interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and PGE2 were elevated by both phospholipase A(2) (PLA(2)) and metalloprotease (MP) fractions. The plasma level of nitric oxide was increased after PLA(2) fraction injection but not with MP fraction injection. Leukocytosis with increase in lymphocytes, monocytes and granulocytes was observed after both PLA(2) and MP injections. Results from this study suggested that both PLA(2) and MP were inflammatory. Increased red blood cell count, hematocrit and hemoglobin concentration were observed in animals injected with PLA(2) fraction, but not with MP fraction. Hemodynamically, PLA(2) fraction induced marked decrease in mean arterial pressure with decreased renal vascular resistance initially followed later by increased renal vascular resistance. MP fraction caused less decrease of mean arterial pressure but increased renal vascular resistance throughout the experiment. Both enzymes decreased renal blood flow, glomerular filtration rate and urine flow. The findings indicate vasodilating effect of PLA(2) fraction and vasoconstricting effect and decreased cardiac function of MP fraction.

  3. Estimation of Streamflow Characteristics for Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge, Northeastern Montana

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Sando, Steven K.; Morgan, Timothy J.; Dutton, DeAnn M.; McCarthy, Peter M.

    2009-01-01

    Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge (CMR) encompasses about 1.1 million acres (including Fort Peck Reservoir on the Missouri River) in northeastern Montana. To ensure that sufficient streamflow remains in the tributary streams to maintain the riparian corridors, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service is negotiating water-rights issues with the Reserved Water Rights Compact Commission of Montana. The U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, conducted a study to gage, for a short period, selected streams that cross CMR, and analyze data to estimate long-term streamflow characteristics for CMR. The long-term streamflow characteristics of primary interest include the monthly and annual 90-, 80-, 50-, and 20-percent exceedance streamflows and mean streamflows (Q.90, Q.80, Q.50, Q.20, and QM, respectively), and the 1.5-, 2-, and 2.33- year peak flows (PK1.5, PK2, and PK2.33, respectively). The Regional Adjustment Relationship (RAR) was investigated for estimating the monthly and annual Q.90, Q.80, Q.50, Q.20, and QM, and the PK1.5, PK2, and PK2.33 for the short-term CMR gaging stations (hereinafter referred to as CMR stations). The RAR was determined to provide acceptable results for estimating the long-term Q.90, Q.80, Q.50, Q.20, and QM on a monthly basis for the months of March through June, and also on an annual basis. For the months of September through January, the RAR regression equations did not provide acceptable results for any long-term streamflow characteristic. For the month of February, the RAR regression equations provided acceptable results for the long-term Q.50 and QM, but poor results for the long-term Q.90, Q.80, and Q.20. For the months of July and August, the RAR provided acceptable results for the long-term Q.50, Q.20, and QM, but poor results for the long-term Q.90 and Q.80. Estimation coefficients were developed for estimating the long-term streamflow characteristics for which the RAR did not provide

  4. The Circle for Educational Excellence. An Educational Partnerships Program Designed To Meet the Needs of At-Risk Students in Rural Russell County, Virginia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Virginia Cooperative Extension Service, Blacksburg.

    Many rural youth in Russell County, Virginia, are at risk of becoming dropouts due to economic and social factors seen throughout Appalachia. These influences include high levels of unemployment and poverty, adult illiteracy, low self-esteem, and lack of role models that demonstrate the value of educational attainment. United Way of Southwest…

  5. Pedagogical and curricular thinking of professional astronomers teaching the Hertzsprung-Russell diagram in introductory astronomy courses for non-science majors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Brogt, Erik

    2009-06-01

    This qualitative study explores the pedagogical and curricular thinking of five professional astronomers, faculty at a university, about teaching the Hertzsprung-Russell diagram in introductory astronomy courses for non-science majors. Data sources for this study included two semi-structured interviews per participant, in which they were asked about teaching the Hertzsprung-Russell diagram, as well as about the introductory course in general. In addition, participants were asked to complete four cognitive tasks; the creation of a lesson plan, a concept map on how they would like their students to think about the Hertzsprung-Russell diagram at the end of the course, a Pathfinder network rating task, and responding to stereotypical student statements regarding the Hertzsprung-Russell diagram. The data was analyzed using a case study approach, followed by a discussion of themes that emerged from the data. Results indicate that participants had primarily affect and process goals for the course, rather than content goals. In addition, they wanted students to view the HR diagram as a part of a flow chart, where input physics (both observed and inferred properties of stars) leads to the construction of the HR diagram, which in turn is used to make inferences about stellar evolution. Participants identified several student difficulties with the HR diagram, among which interpreting a graph was the most pertinent. In several stereotypical student statements, participants responded using the exact same analogies to explain the concepts to the students. This may be indicative of some underlying pedagogical content knowledge.

  6. True North

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Benson, Jo-Anne Mary

    2007-01-01

    For Americans wanting to explore beyond their frontiers, their neighbor to the north is an ideal destination. Much of Canada's population is concentrated near the shared border, mostly in Ontario and Quebec. While nature is an obvious draw, Canada's dynamic urban centers present their own sophisticated enticements, and the country's ten provinces…

  7. Experimental validation of in silico predicted KCNA1, KCNA2, KCNA6 and KCNQ2 genes for association studies of peripheral nerve hyperexcitability syndrome in Jack Russell Terriers.

    PubMed

    Van Poucke, Mario; Vanhaesebrouck, An E; Peelman, Luc J; Van Ham, Luc

    2012-06-01

    KCNA1, KCNA2, KCNA6 and KCNQ2 are associated with peripheral nerve hyperexcitability in humans. In order to determine if these genes are also involved in Jack Russell Terriers with a similar syndrome characterized by myokymia and neuromyotonia, their predicted canine orthologs were first validated experimentally. They were found either incompletely or even incorrectly annotated, mainly due to gaps in the canine genomic sequence and insufficient transcript data. Canine KCNQ2 was found to contain 20 coding exons, of which three are not described in humans. It encodes for at least 14 different transcript variants in the frontal cortex of a single dog, of which only four are also described in humans. Mutation detection in Jack Russell Terriers diagnosed with peripheral nerve hyperexcitability revealed no pathogenetic relevant structural mutations. However, the four missense sequence variations and the 14 transcript variants of KCNQ2 will contribute to the study of the functional diversity of voltage-gated potassium channels. PMID:22342001

  8. North America

    SciTech Connect

    Field, Christopher B.; Mortsch, Linda D.; Brklacich, Michael; Forbes, Donald L.; Kovacs, Paul; Patz, Jonathan A.; Running, Steven W.; Scott, Michael J.

    2007-08-06

    The United States (U.S.) and Canada will experience climate changes through direct effects of local changes (e.g., temperature, precipitation, and extreme weather events), as well as through indirect effects, transmitted among regions by interconnected economies and migrations of humans and other species. Variations in wealth and geography, however, lead to an uneven distribution of likely impacts, vulnerabilities, and capacities to adapt. This chapter reviews and synthesizes the state of knowledge on both direct and indirect impacts, vulnerability and adaptations for North America 9 (comprising Canada and the U.S).

  9. Pathogenicity, Ovicidal Action, and Median Lethal Concentrations (LC50) of Entomopathogenic Fungi against Exotic Spiralling Whitefly, Aleurodicus dispersus Russell

    PubMed Central

    Palaniappan, Karuppuchamy; Manickavasagam Pillai, Kalyanasundaram; Subbarayalu, Mohankumar; Madhaiyan, Ravi

    2013-01-01

    Biological control using entomopathogenic fungi could be a promising alternative to chemical control. Entomopathogenic fungi, Beauveria bassiana (Balsamo) Vuillemin, Metarhizium anisopliae (Metschnikoff) Sorokin, Lecanicillium lecanii (Zimmerm.) Zare and Gams, and Paecilomyces fumosoroseus (Wize) Brown and Smith, were tested for their pathogenicity, ovicidal effect, and median lethal concentrations (LC50) against exotic spiralling whitefly, Aleurodicus dispersus Russell. The applications were made at the rate of 2 × 109 conidia mL−1 for evaluating the pathogenicity and ovicidal effect of entomopathogenic fungi against A. dispersus. The results of pathogenicity test showed that P. fumosoroseus (P1 strain) was highly pathogenic to A. dispersus recording 100% mortality at 15 days after treatment (DAT). M. anisopliae (M2 strain) had more ovicidal effect causing 37.3% egg mortality at 8 DAT. However, L. lecanii (L1 strain) caused minimum egg hatchability (23.2%) at 10 DAT as compared to control (92.6%). The lowest LC50 produced by P. fumosoroseus (P1 strain) as 8.189 × 107 conidia mL−1 indicated higher virulence against A. dispersus. Hence, there is potential for use of entomopathogenic fungi in the field conditions as an alternate control method in combating the insect pests and other arthropod pests since they are considered natural mortality agents and are environmentally safe. PMID:24455279

  10. Engaging with Lyell: Alfred Russel Wallace's Sarawak Law and Ternate papers as reactions to Charles Lyell's Principles of Geology.

    PubMed

    Costa, J T

    2013-12-01

    Alfred Russel Wallace (1823-1913) and Charles Darwin (1809-1882) are honored as the founders of modern evolutionary biology. Accordingly, much attention has focused on their relationship, from their independent development of the principle of natural selection to the receipt by Darwin of Wallace's essay from Ternate in the spring of 1858, and the subsequent reading of the Wallace and Darwin papers at the Linnean Society on 1 July 1858. In the events of 1858 Wallace and Darwin are typically seen as central players, with Darwin's friends Charles Lyell (1797-1875) and Joseph Dalton Hooker (1817-1911) playing supporting roles. This narrative has resulted in an under-appreciation of a more central role for Charles Lyell as both Wallace's inspiration and foil. The extensive anti-transmutation arguments in Lyell's landmark Principles of Geology were taken as the definitive statement on the subject. Wallace, in his quest to solve the mystery of species origins, engaged with Lyell's arguments in his private field notebooks in a way that is concordant with his engagement with Lyell in the 1855 and 1858 papers. I show that Lyell was the object of Wallace's Sarawak Law and Ternate papers through a consideration of the circumstances that led Wallace to send his Ternate paper to Darwin, together with an analysis of the material that Wallace drew upon from the Principles. In this view Darwin was, ironically, intended for a supporting role in mediating Wallace's attempted dialog with Lyell. PMID:24014172

  11. Alfred Russel Wallace (1823-1913): the forgotten co-founder of the Neo-Darwinian theory of biological evolution.

    PubMed

    Kutschera, Ulrich; Hossfeld, Uwe

    2013-12-01

    The British naturalist Alfred Russel Wallace (1823-1913), who had to leave school aged 14 and never attended university, did extensive fieldwork, first in the Amazon River basin (1848-1852) and then in Southeast Asia (1854-1862). Based on this experience, and after reading the corresponding scientific literature, Wallace postulated that species were not created, but are modified descendants of pre-existing varieties (Sarawak Law paper, 1855). Evolution is brought about by a struggle for existence via natural selection, which results in the adaptation of those individuals in variable populations who survive and reproduce (Ternate essay, 1858). In his monograph Darwinism (1889), and in subsequent publications, Wallace extended the contents of Darwin's Origin of Species (1859) into the Neo-Darwinian theory of biological evolution, with reference to the work of August Weismann (1834-1914). Wallace also became the (co)-founder of biogeography, biodiversity research, astrobiology and evolutionary anthropology. Moreover, he envisioned what was later called the anthropocene (i.e., the age of human environmental destructiveness). However, since Wallace believed in atheistic spiritualism and mixed up scientific facts and supernatural speculations in some of his writings, he remains a controversial figure in the history of biology. PMID:23982797

  12. Extraordinary Claims Require Extraordinary Evidence: C. H. Payne, H. N. Russell and Standards of Evidence in Early Quantitative Stellar Spectroscopy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    DeVorkin, David H.

    2010-01-01

    The ionization equilibrium theory of Meghnad Saha was hardly four years old, and still far from general acceptance, when a graduate student at Harvard, Cecilia H. Payne, applied it to calibrate the Harvard spectral sequence as a temperature sequence. Payne indeed utilized Saha's relation not in its original form, but in its more acceptable rederived form based upon a statistical mechanical rederivation by Milne and Fowler. Her temperature calibration was, therefore, not at issue for her mentors at Harvard, such as Harlow Shapley, and her external reviewer for her PhD, the influential Princeton astronomer Henry Norris Russell. Other conclusions she drew from her analysis, moreover, went beyond the evidence, they felt, and so she had to moderate her most provocative finding: that hydrogen dominated the atmospheres of the stars. She did so, however, in a manner that was designed to record for posterity that she was the first to make this observation, right or wrong. In so doing, Payne can be credited with profound political acumen, a quality that deserves more attention in the history of 20th century astronomy.

  13. High-resolution seismic-reflection imaging 25 years of change in I-70 sinkhole, Russell County, Kansas

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Miller, R.D.; Steeples, D.W.; Lambrecht, J.L.; Croxton, N.

    2006-01-01

    Time-lapse seismic reflection imaging improved our understanding of the consistent, gradual surface subsidence ongoing at two sinkholes in the Gorham Oilfield discovered beneath a stretch of Interstate Highway 70 through Russell and Ellis Counties in Kansas in 1966. With subsidence occurring at a rate of around 10 cm per year since discovery, monitoring has been beneficial to ensure public safety and optimize maintenance. A miniSOSIE reflection survey conducted in 1980 delineated the affected subsurface and successfully predicted development of a third sinkhole at this site. In 2004 and 2005 a high-resolution vibroseis survey was completed to ascertain current conditions of the subsurface, rate and pattern of growth since 1980, and potential for continued growth. With time and improved understanding of the salt dissolution affected subsurface in this area it appears that these features represent little risk to the public from catastrophic failure. However, from an operational perspective the Kansas Department of Transportation should expect continued subsidence, with future increases in surface area likely at a slightly reduced vertical rate. Seismic characteristics appear empirically consistent with gradual earth material compaction/settling. ?? 2005 Society of Exploration Geophysicists.

  14. Alfred Russel Wallace (1823-1913): the forgotten co-founder of the Neo-Darwinian theory of biological evolution.

    PubMed

    Kutschera, Ulrich; Hossfeld, Uwe

    2013-12-01

    The British naturalist Alfred Russel Wallace (1823-1913), who had to leave school aged 14 and never attended university, did extensive fieldwork, first in the Amazon River basin (1848-1852) and then in Southeast Asia (1854-1862). Based on this experience, and after reading the corresponding scientific literature, Wallace postulated that species were not created, but are modified descendants of pre-existing varieties (Sarawak Law paper, 1855). Evolution is brought about by a struggle for existence via natural selection, which results in the adaptation of those individuals in variable populations who survive and reproduce (Ternate essay, 1858). In his monograph Darwinism (1889), and in subsequent publications, Wallace extended the contents of Darwin's Origin of Species (1859) into the Neo-Darwinian theory of biological evolution, with reference to the work of August Weismann (1834-1914). Wallace also became the (co)-founder of biogeography, biodiversity research, astrobiology and evolutionary anthropology. Moreover, he envisioned what was later called the anthropocene (i.e., the age of human environmental destructiveness). However, since Wallace believed in atheistic spiritualism and mixed up scientific facts and supernatural speculations in some of his writings, he remains a controversial figure in the history of biology.

  15. Structural and functional characterization of complex formation between two Kunitz-type serine protease inhibitors from Russell's Viper venom.

    PubMed

    Mukherjee, Ashis K; Dutta, Sumita; Kalita, Bhargab; Jha, Deepak K; Deb, Pritam; Mackessy, Stephen P

    2016-01-01

    Snake venom Kunitz-type serine protease inhibitors (KSPIs) exhibit various biological functions including anticoagulant activity. This study elucidates the occurrence and subunit stoichiometry of a putative complex formed between two KSPIs (Rusvikunin and Rusvikunin-II) purified from the native Rusvikunin complex of Pakistan Russell's Viper (Daboia russelii russelii) venom (RVV). The protein components of the Rusvikunin complex were identified by LC-MS/MS analysis. The non-covalent interaction between two major components of the complex (Rusvikunin and Rusvikunin-II) at 1:2 stoichiometric ratio to form a stable complex was demonstrated by biophysical techniques such as spectrofluorometric, classical gel-filtration, equilibrium gel-filtration, circular dichroism (CD), dynamic light scattering (DLS), RP-HPLC and SDS-PAGE analyses. CD measurement showed that interaction between Rusvikunin and Rusvikunin-II did not change their overall secondary structure; however, the protein complex exhibited enhanced hydrodynamic diameter and anticoagulant activity as compared to the individual components of the complex. This study may lay the foundation for understanding the basis of protein complexes in snake venoms and their role in pathophysiology of snakebite.

  16. Structural and functional characterization of complex formation between two Kunitz-type serine protease inhibitors from Russell's Viper venom.

    PubMed

    Mukherjee, Ashis K; Dutta, Sumita; Kalita, Bhargab; Jha, Deepak K; Deb, Pritam; Mackessy, Stephen P

    2016-01-01

    Snake venom Kunitz-type serine protease inhibitors (KSPIs) exhibit various biological functions including anticoagulant activity. This study elucidates the occurrence and subunit stoichiometry of a putative complex formed between two KSPIs (Rusvikunin and Rusvikunin-II) purified from the native Rusvikunin complex of Pakistan Russell's Viper (Daboia russelii russelii) venom (RVV). The protein components of the Rusvikunin complex were identified by LC-MS/MS analysis. The non-covalent interaction between two major components of the complex (Rusvikunin and Rusvikunin-II) at 1:2 stoichiometric ratio to form a stable complex was demonstrated by biophysical techniques such as spectrofluorometric, classical gel-filtration, equilibrium gel-filtration, circular dichroism (CD), dynamic light scattering (DLS), RP-HPLC and SDS-PAGE analyses. CD measurement showed that interaction between Rusvikunin and Rusvikunin-II did not change their overall secondary structure; however, the protein complex exhibited enhanced hydrodynamic diameter and anticoagulant activity as compared to the individual components of the complex. This study may lay the foundation for understanding the basis of protein complexes in snake venoms and their role in pathophysiology of snakebite. PMID:27523780

  17. Engaging with Lyell: Alfred Russel Wallace's Sarawak Law and Ternate papers as reactions to Charles Lyell's Principles of Geology.

    PubMed

    Costa, J T

    2013-12-01

    Alfred Russel Wallace (1823-1913) and Charles Darwin (1809-1882) are honored as the founders of modern evolutionary biology. Accordingly, much attention has focused on their relationship, from their independent development of the principle of natural selection to the receipt by Darwin of Wallace's essay from Ternate in the spring of 1858, and the subsequent reading of the Wallace and Darwin papers at the Linnean Society on 1 July 1858. In the events of 1858 Wallace and Darwin are typically seen as central players, with Darwin's friends Charles Lyell (1797-1875) and Joseph Dalton Hooker (1817-1911) playing supporting roles. This narrative has resulted in an under-appreciation of a more central role for Charles Lyell as both Wallace's inspiration and foil. The extensive anti-transmutation arguments in Lyell's landmark Principles of Geology were taken as the definitive statement on the subject. Wallace, in his quest to solve the mystery of species origins, engaged with Lyell's arguments in his private field notebooks in a way that is concordant with his engagement with Lyell in the 1855 and 1858 papers. I show that Lyell was the object of Wallace's Sarawak Law and Ternate papers through a consideration of the circumstances that led Wallace to send his Ternate paper to Darwin, together with an analysis of the material that Wallace drew upon from the Principles. In this view Darwin was, ironically, intended for a supporting role in mediating Wallace's attempted dialog with Lyell.

  18. Field Evaluation of Different Wavelengths Light-Emitting Diodes as Attractants for Adult Aleurodicus dispersus Russell (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae).

    PubMed

    Zheng, L X; Zheng, Y; Wu, W J; Fu, Y G

    2014-10-01

    In recent years, light traps with light-emitting diodes (LEDs) have been widely used in integrated pest management. The spiralling whitefly, Aleurodicus dispersus Russell, a highly invasive pest which causes heavy damage to fruit trees and ornamental plants, exhibits positive phototaxis, and light trap is the most appropriate tool for monitoring. We evaluated the use of LEDs as an inexpensive light source and examined the relationship between the captured number and the population density of adult A. dispersus in the field. We found that the violet (405 nm) LED traps captured the most adults of A. dispersus, and the captured numbers were significantly higher than those of blue (460 nm), green (520 nm), yellow (570 nm), and red (650 nm) LED traps. The adults of A. dispersus captured by light traps equipped with violet LEDs and smeared with liquid paraffin had a significant positive correlation with the population density of adult A. dispersus in a guava orchard, with a correlation coefficient of 0.828. In general, the light traps with 15 violet LED bulbs hung into 550-mL plastic bottles and smeared with liquid paraffin were the portable devices for attraction of adult A. dispersus. The results have potential use for improving the efficiency of light traps at attracting and trapping the adult spiralling whitefly. PMID:27193950

  19. [North] Yemen.

    PubMed

    1987-11-01

    The Yemen Arab Republic, also called North Yemen, is a small republic on the southern tip of the Arabian peninsula facing the Red Sea. Yemen has a temperate interior suitable for agriculture. 8.7 million people of Semetic Arab origin are growing at a rate of 3.1% yearly. The infant mortality rate is 173/1000; the life expectancy is 44 years, and the per capita income is about $550. Yemen was once self-sufficient in food production, exporting fine coffee. Years of civil wars, emigration to Saudi Arabia for work, production of the cash crop "qat" for internal consumption, and the recent drought have contributed to the decline of agriculture. Yemen's economy is maintained by foreign aid from Saudi Arabia, the Soviet Union, China, and the United States. U.S. aid has centered around food, roads and other development projects and primary health care such as immunization and reduction of child mortality.

  20. Diagnosis of Russell-Silver syndrome by the combined bisulfite restriction analysis-denaturing high-performance liquid chromatography assay.

    PubMed

    Hattori, Mitsu; Torii, Chiharu; Yagihashi, Tatsuhiko; Izumi, Kosuke; Suda, Naoto; Ohyama, Kimie; Takahashi, Takao; Moriyama, Keiji; Kosaki, Kenjiro

    2009-10-01

    Russell-Silver syndrome (RSS) is characterized by prenatal and postnatal growth retardation, triangular facies, and fifth-finger clinodactyly. Half of all patients with RSS have hypomethylation of the differentially methylated region of the H19 gene on chromosome 11p15.5. Hence, a quantitative methylation analysis of this region can be useful for the molecular diagnosis of RSS. However, conventional assays based on bisulfite clone sequencing are rather time and labor consuming and are not suitable for clinical use. In the present study, we investigated a possible method of quantitatively determining H19 hypomethylation in RSS patients using a combined bisulfite restriction analysis (COBRA)-denaturing high-performance liquid chromatography (DHPLC) assay; in this combined assay, polymerase chain reaction products amplified from the H19 differentially methylated region of bisulfite-treated genomic DNA were analyzed using a COBRA assay, which detects methylation-dependent sequence differences in the bisulfite-treated genomic DNA using a restriction enzyme analysis. We designed the assay so that a restriction enzyme (HinfI) would cut the methylated, but not the unmethylated, template. The molar ratio between the cut and uncut fragments was measured using DHPLC, and the construction of a calibration curve enabled the methylation index for the original genomic DNA to be estimated. An analysis of seven RSS patients using the COBRA-DHPLC assay demonstrated that three of the seven RSS patients had a low methylation index of around 10%. A comparison of the methylation indices obtained using COBRA-DHPLC and conventional bisulfite clone sequencing revealed an excellent intermethod agreement. In summary, we have developed a robust, rapid, and cost-effective COBRA-DHPLC-based screening system for RSS.

  1. Studies on pharmacological effects of Russell's viper and Saw-scaled viper venom and its neutralization by chicken egg yolk antibodies.

    PubMed

    Meenatchisundaram, S; Parameswari, G; Michael, A; Ramalingam, S

    2008-08-01

    Antivenom antibodies were raised in 24-week-old white leghorn chickens against hemotoxic venoms of Russell's viper and Saw-scaled viper snakes. Booster injections of increasing concentrations of venom were given at 14days of time interval to raise the antivenom level in egg yolk. Antibodies were extracted from immunized chicken egg yolk by Polson et al. (Polson A., Von Wechmar M.B., Van Regenmortel M.H.V. Isolation of viral IgY antibodies from yolks of immunized hens. Immunological Communications 1980; 9:475-493.) and further purified by DEAE cellulose ion exchange column chromatography, which gave pure (180-200kDa) specific antibodies against venom. High titre of more than 1:10,000 antibodies were detected by ELISA at the 135th day of observation. The lethal toxicity and various pharmacological activities like hemorrhagic activity, phospholipase activity, edema and procoagulant activities of venom were carried out by both in vivo and in vitro methods. The effectiveness of antivenom in neutralizing these effects was carried out involving pre-incubation type experiments. The median effective dose (ED50) for Russell's viper venom was 0.96mg/2LD50/18g mice and for Saw-scaled viper venom it was 1.28mg/2LD50/18g mice. One millilitre of specific antivenom was effective in neutralizing 0.110mg of Russell's viper and 0.137mg of Saw-scaled viper venoms respectively (PD50). Antivenom was effective in neutralization assays in a dose dependent manner. The results indicate that antibodies raised in chicken could effectively neutralize the pharmacological effects induced by venoms and chickens therefore present an alternative and cheaper source of specific antibody generation. PMID:18550009

  2. A prospective study validating a clinical scoring system and demonstrating phenotypical-genotypical correlations in Silver-Russell syndrome

    PubMed Central

    Azzi, Salah; Salem, Jennifer; Thibaud, Nathalie; Chantot-Bastaraud, Sandra; Lieber, Eli; Netchine, Irène; Harbison, Madeleine D

    2015-01-01

    Background Multiple clinical scoring systems have been proposed for Silver-Russell syndrome (SRS). Here we aimed to test a clinical scoring system for SRS and to analyse the correlation between (epi)genotype and phenotype. Subjects and methods Sixty-nine patients were examined by two physicians. Clinical scores were generated for all patients, with a new, six-item scoring system: (1) small for gestational age, birth length and/or weight ≤−2SDS, (2) postnatal growth retardation (height ≤−2SDS), (3) relative macrocephaly at birth, (4) body asymmetry, (5) feeding difficulties and/or body mass index (BMI) ≤−2SDS in toddlers; (6) protruding forehead at the age of 1–3 years. Subjects were considered to have likely SRS if they met at least four of these six criteria. Molecular investigations were performed blind to the clinical data. Results The 69 patients were classified into two groups (Likely-SRS (n=60), Unlikely-SRS (n=9)). Forty-six Likely-SRS patients (76.7%) displayed either 11p15 ICR1 hypomethylation (n=35; 58.3%) or maternal UPD of chromosome 7 (mUPD7) (n=11; 18.3%). Eight Unlikely-SRS patients had neither ICR1 hypomethylation nor mUPD7, whereas one patient had mUPD7. The clinical score and molecular results yielded four groups that differed significantly overall and for individual scoring system factors. Further molecular screening led identifying chromosomal abnormalities in Likely-SRS-double-negative and Unlikely-SRS groups. Four Likely-SRS-double negative patients carried a DLK1/GTL2 IG-DMR hypomethylation, a mUPD16; a mUPD20 and a de novo 1q21 microdeletion. Conclusions This new scoring system is very sensitive (98%) for the detection of patients with SRS with demonstrated molecular abnormalities. Given its clinical and molecular heterogeneity, SRS could be considered as a spectrum. PMID:25951829

  3. Cdkn1c Boosts the Development of Brown Adipose Tissue in a Murine Model of Silver Russell Syndrome.

    PubMed

    Van De Pette, Matthew; Tunster, Simon J; McNamara, Grainne I; Shelkovnikova, Tatyana; Millership, Steven; Benson, Lindsay; Peirson, Stuart; Christian, Mark; Vidal-Puig, Antonio; John, Rosalind M

    2016-03-01

    The accurate diagnosis and clinical management of the growth restriction disorder Silver Russell Syndrome (SRS) has confounded researchers and clinicians for many years due to the myriad of genetic and epigenetic alterations reported in these patients and the lack of suitable animal models to test the contribution of specific gene alterations. Some genetic alterations suggest a role for increased dosage of the imprinted CYCLIN DEPENDENT KINASE INHIBITOR 1C (CDKN1C) gene, often mutated in IMAGe Syndrome and Beckwith-Wiedemann Syndrome (BWS). Cdkn1c encodes a potent negative regulator of fetal growth that also regulates placental development, consistent with a proposed role for CDKN1C in these complex childhood growth disorders. Here, we report that a mouse modelling the rare microduplications present in some SRS patients exhibited phenotypes including low birth weight with relative head sparing, neonatal hypoglycemia, absence of catch-up growth and significantly reduced adiposity as adults, all defining features of SRS. Further investigation revealed the presence of substantially more brown adipose tissue in very young mice, of both the classical or canonical type exemplified by interscapular-type brown fat depot in mice (iBAT) and a second type of non-classic BAT that develops postnatally within white adipose tissue (WAT), genetically attributable to a double dose of Cdkn1c in vivo and ex-vivo. Conversely, loss-of-function of Cdkn1c resulted in the complete developmental failure of the brown adipocyte lineage with a loss of markers of both brown adipose fate and function. We further show that Cdkn1c is required for post-transcriptional accumulation of the brown fat determinant PR domain containing 16 (PRDM16) and that CDKN1C and PRDM16 co-localise to the nucleus of rare label-retaining cell within iBAT. This study reveals a key requirement for Cdkn1c in the early development of the brown adipose lineages. Importantly, active BAT consumes high amounts of energy to

  4. Cdkn1c Boosts the Development of Brown Adipose Tissue in a Murine Model of Silver Russell Syndrome.

    PubMed

    Van De Pette, Matthew; Tunster, Simon J; McNamara, Grainne I; Shelkovnikova, Tatyana; Millership, Steven; Benson, Lindsay; Peirson, Stuart; Christian, Mark; Vidal-Puig, Antonio; John, Rosalind M

    2016-03-01

    The accurate diagnosis and clinical management of the growth restriction disorder Silver Russell Syndrome (SRS) has confounded researchers and clinicians for many years due to the myriad of genetic and epigenetic alterations reported in these patients and the lack of suitable animal models to test the contribution of specific gene alterations. Some genetic alterations suggest a role for increased dosage of the imprinted CYCLIN DEPENDENT KINASE INHIBITOR 1C (CDKN1C) gene, often mutated in IMAGe Syndrome and Beckwith-Wiedemann Syndrome (BWS). Cdkn1c encodes a potent negative regulator of fetal growth that also regulates placental development, consistent with a proposed role for CDKN1C in these complex childhood growth disorders. Here, we report that a mouse modelling the rare microduplications present in some SRS patients exhibited phenotypes including low birth weight with relative head sparing, neonatal hypoglycemia, absence of catch-up growth and significantly reduced adiposity as adults, all defining features of SRS. Further investigation revealed the presence of substantially more brown adipose tissue in very young mice, of both the classical or canonical type exemplified by interscapular-type brown fat depot in mice (iBAT) and a second type of non-classic BAT that develops postnatally within white adipose tissue (WAT), genetically attributable to a double dose of Cdkn1c in vivo and ex-vivo. Conversely, loss-of-function of Cdkn1c resulted in the complete developmental failure of the brown adipocyte lineage with a loss of markers of both brown adipose fate and function. We further show that Cdkn1c is required for post-transcriptional accumulation of the brown fat determinant PR domain containing 16 (PRDM16) and that CDKN1C and PRDM16 co-localise to the nucleus of rare label-retaining cell within iBAT. This study reveals a key requirement for Cdkn1c in the early development of the brown adipose lineages. Importantly, active BAT consumes high amounts of energy to

  5. The reliability of age measurements for Young Stellar Objects from Hertzsprung-Russell or color-magnitude diagrams

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Preibisch, Thomas

    2012-01-01

    The possibility to estimate ages and masses of Young Stellar Objects (YSOs) from their location in the Hertzsprung-Russell diagram (HRD) or a color-magnitude diagram provides a very important tool for the investigation of fundamental questions related to the processes of star formation and early stellar evolution. Age estimates are essential for studies of the temporal evolution of circumstellar material around YSOs and the conditions for planet formation. The characterization of the age distribution of the YSOs in a star forming region allows researchers to reconstruct the star formation history and provides important information on the fundamental question of whether star formation is a slow or a fast process. However, the reliability of these age measurements and the ability to detect possible age spreads in the stellar population of star forming regions are fundamentally limited by several factors. The variability of YSOs, unresolved binary components, and uncertainties in the calibrations of the stellar parameters cause uncertainties in the derived luminosities that are usually much larger than the typical photometry errors. Furthermore, the pre-main sequence evolution track of a YSO depends to some degree on the initial conditions and the details of its individual accretion history. I discuss how these observational and model uncertainties affect the derived isochronal ages, and demonstrate how neglecting or underestimating these uncertainties can easily lead to severe misinterpretations, gross overestimates of the age spread, and ill-based conclusions about the star formation history. These effects are illustrated by means of Monte-Carlo simulations of observed star clusters with realistic observational uncertainties. The most important points are as follows. First, the observed scatter in the HRD must not be confused with a genuine age spread, but is always just an upper limit to the true age spread. Second, histograms of isochronal ages naturally show a

  6. Cdkn1c Boosts the Development of Brown Adipose Tissue in a Murine Model of Silver Russell Syndrome

    PubMed Central

    Van De Pette, Matthew; Tunster, Simon J.; McNamara, Grainne I.; Shelkovnikova, Tatyana; Millership, Steven; Benson, Lindsay; Peirson, Stuart; Christian, Mark; Vidal-Puig, Antonio; John, Rosalind M.

    2016-01-01

    The accurate diagnosis and clinical management of the growth restriction disorder Silver Russell Syndrome (SRS) has confounded researchers and clinicians for many years due to the myriad of genetic and epigenetic alterations reported in these patients and the lack of suitable animal models to test the contribution of specific gene alterations. Some genetic alterations suggest a role for increased dosage of the imprinted CYCLIN DEPENDENT KINASE INHIBITOR 1C (CDKN1C) gene, often mutated in IMAGe Syndrome and Beckwith-Wiedemann Syndrome (BWS). Cdkn1c encodes a potent negative regulator of fetal growth that also regulates placental development, consistent with a proposed role for CDKN1C in these complex childhood growth disorders. Here, we report that a mouse modelling the rare microduplications present in some SRS patients exhibited phenotypes including low birth weight with relative head sparing, neonatal hypoglycemia, absence of catch-up growth and significantly reduced adiposity as adults, all defining features of SRS. Further investigation revealed the presence of substantially more brown adipose tissue in very young mice, of both the classical or canonical type exemplified by interscapular-type brown fat depot in mice (iBAT) and a second type of non-classic BAT that develops postnatally within white adipose tissue (WAT), genetically attributable to a double dose of Cdkn1c in vivo and ex-vivo. Conversely, loss-of-function of Cdkn1c resulted in the complete developmental failure of the brown adipocyte lineage with a loss of markers of both brown adipose fate and function. We further show that Cdkn1c is required for post-transcriptional accumulation of the brown fat determinant PR domain containing 16 (PRDM16) and that CDKN1C and PRDM16 co-localise to the nucleus of rare label-retaining cell within iBAT. This study reveals a key requirement for Cdkn1c in the early development of the brown adipose lineages. Importantly, active BAT consumes high amounts of energy to

  7. In Vitro and In Vivo Evaluation of Polyherbal Formulation against Russell's Viper and Cobra Venom and Screening of Bioactive Components by Docking Studies

    PubMed Central

    Sakthivel, G.; Dey, Amitabha; Nongalleima, Kh.; Chavali, Murthy; Rimal Isaac, R. S.; Singh, N. Surjit; Deb, Lokesh

    2013-01-01

    The present study emphasizes to reveal the antivenom activity of Aristolochia bracteolata Lam., Tylophora indica (Burm.f.) Merrill, and Leucas aspera S. which were evaluated against venoms of Daboia russelli russelli (Russell's viper) and Naja naja (Indian cobra). The aqueous extracts of leaves and roots of the above-mentioned plants and their polyherbal (1 : 1 : 1) formulation at a dose of 200 mg/kg showed protection against envenomed mice with LD50 doses of 0.44 mg/kg and 0.28 mg/kg against Russell's viper and cobra venom, respectively. In in vitro antioxidant activities sample extracts showed free radical scavenging effects in dose dependent manner. Computational drug design and docking studies were carried out to predict the neutralizing principles of type I phospholipase A2 (PLA2) from Indian common krait venom. This confirmed that aristolochic acid and leucasin can neutralize type I PLA2 enzyme. Results suggest that these plants could serve as a source of natural antioxidants and common antidote for snake bite. However, further studies are needed to identify the lead molecule responsible for antidote activity. PMID:23533518

  8. Use of a Routh-Russel deformation map to achieve film formation of a latex with a high glass transition temperature.

    PubMed

    Gonzalez, Edurne; Paulis, María; Barandiaran, María Jesús; Keddie, Joseph L

    2013-02-12

    In the film formation of latex, particle deformation can occur by processes of wet sintering, dry sintering, or capillary action. When latex films dry nonuniformly and when particles deform and coalesce while the film is still wet, a detrimental skin layer will develop at the film surface. In their process model, Routh and Russel proposed that the operative particle deformation mechanism can be determined by the values of control parameters on a deformation map. Here, the film formation processes of three methyl methacrylate/butyl acrylate copolymer latexes with high glass transition temperatures (T(g)), ranging from 45 to 64 °C, have been studied when heated by infrared radiation. Adjusting the infrared (IR) power density enables the film temperature, polymer viscosity, and evaporation rate during latex film formation to be controlled precisely. Different polymer particle deformation mechanisms have been demonstrated for the same latex under a variety of film formation process conditions. When the temperature is too high, a skin layer develops. On the other hand, when the temperature is too low, particles deform by dry sintering, and the process requires extended time periods. The deduced mechanisms can be interpreted and explained by the Routh-Russel deformation maps. Film formation of hard (high T(g)) coatings is achieved without using coalescing aids that emit volatile organic compounds (VOCs), which is a significant technical achievement.

  9. Russell Donnelly at Chicago

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kadanoff, Leo

    2015-11-01

    The period (1956-1965) in which Russ served as a faculty member at Chicago was one in which he set the main topics that occupied his subsequent professional life. These included the few-degree Helium work that formed the low temperature physics of that period. This work included studies of motion of vortex lines and ions in Helium. During that period, he had seven doctoral students mostly devoted in work in these areas. In addition he served as a good citizen of both his department and his field of science, by publishing a book on ``Experimental Superfluidity'' based on course lecture notes and also serving as an editor of a conference volume on ``Non-equilibrium Thermodynamics.'' Because of the University of Chicago's nepotism rules, Russ's wife could not follow her academic interests here. They both left for the University of Oregon.

  10. Russell-Silver syndrome

    MedlinePlus

    ... age) Chromosome testing (may detect a chromosomal problem) Growth hormone (some children may have a deficiency) Skeletal survey ( ... Growth hormone replacement may help if this hormone is lacking. Other treatments include: Making sure the person gets ...

  11. Fitzsimons General Hospital, Civilian Employee Housing, North end of North ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Fitzsimons General Hospital, Civilian Employee Housing, North end of North Hickey Street, 725 feet North-Northwest of intersection of North Hickey Street & West Loosley Avenue, Aurora, Adams County, CO

  12. Fitzsimons General Hospital, Civilian Employee Garage, North end of North ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Fitzsimons General Hospital, Civilian Employee Garage, North end of North Hickey Street, 775 feet North-Northwest of intersection of North Hickey Street & West Loosley Avenue, Aurora, Adams County, CO

  13. Nuclear planetology: understanding habitable planets as Galactic bulge stellar remnants (black dwarfs) in a Hertzsprung-Russell (HR) diagram

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Roller, Goetz

    2016-04-01

    The Hertzsprung-Russell (HR) diagram is one of the most important diagrams in astronomy. In a HR diagram, the luminosity of stars and/or stellar remnants (white dwarf stars, WD's), relative to the luminosity of the sun, is plotted versus their surface temperatures (Teff). The Earth shows a striking similarity in size (radius ≈ 6.370 km) and Teff of its outer core surface (Teff ≈ 3800 K at the core-mantle-boundary) with old WD's (radius ≈ 6.300 km) like WD0346+246 (Teff ≈ 3820 K after ≈ 12.7 Ga [1]), which plot in the HR diagram close to the low-mass extension of the stellar population or main sequence. In the light of nuclear planetology [2], Earth-like planets are regarded as old, down-cooled and differentiated black dwarfs (Fe-C BLD's) after massive decompression, the most important nuclear reactions involved being 56Fe(γ,α)52Cr (etc.), possibly responsible for extreme terrestrial glaciations events ("snowball" Earth), together with (γ,n), (γ,p) and fusion reactions like 12C(α,γ)16O. The latter reaction might have caused oxidation of the planet from inside out. Nuclear planetology is a new research field, tightly constrained by a coupled 187Re-232Th-238U systematics. By means of nuclear/quantum physics and taking the theory of relativity into account, it aims at understanding the thermal and chemical evolution of Fe-C BLD's after gravitational contraction (e.g. Mercury) or Fermi-pressure controlled collapse (e.g. Earth) events after massive decompression, leading possibly to an r-process event, towards the end of their cooling period [2]. So far and based upon 187Re-232Th-238U nuclear geochronometry, the Fe-C BLD hypothesis can successfully explain the global terrestrial MORB 232Th/238U signature [3]. Thus, it may help to elucidate the DM (depleted mantle), EMI (enriched mantle 1), EMII (enriched mantle 2) or HIMU (high U/Pb) reservoirs, and the 187Os/188Os isotopic dichotomy in Archean magmatic rocks and sediments [4]. Here I present a conceptual

  14. Familial 1.3-Mb 11p15.5p15.4 Duplication in Three Generations Causing Silver-Russell and Beckwith-Wiedemann Syndromes

    PubMed Central

    Vals, Mari-Anne; Kahre, Tiina; Mee, Pille; Muru, Kai; Kallas, Eha; Žilina, Olga; Tillmann, Vallo; Õunap, Katrin

    2015-01-01

    Silver-Russell syndrome (SRS) and Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome (BWS) are 2 opposite growth-affecting disorders. The common molecular cause for both syndromes is an abnormal regulation of genes in chromosomal region 11p15, where 2 imprinting control regions (ICR) control fetal and postnatal growth. Also, many submicroscopic chromosomal disturbances like duplications in 11p15 have been described among SRS and BWS patients. Duplications involving both ICRs cause SRS or BWS, depending on which parent the aberration is inherited from. We describe to our knowledge the smallest familial pure 1.3-Mb duplication in chromosomal region 11p15.5p15.4 that involves both ICRs and is present in 3 generations causing an SRS or BWS phenotype. PMID:26732610

  15. Hypomethylation of the H19 Gene Causes Not Only Silver-Russell Syndrome (SRS) but Also Isolated Asymmetry or an SRS-Like Phenotype

    PubMed Central

    Bliek, Jet; Terhal, Paulien; van den Bogaard, Marie-José; Maas, Saskia; Hamel, Ben; Salieb-Beugelaar, Georgette; Simon, Marleen; Letteboer, Tom; van der Smagt, Jasper; Kroes, Hester; Mannens, Marcel

    2006-01-01

    The H19 differentially methylated region (DMR) controls the allele-specific expression of both the imprinted H19 tumor-suppressor gene and the IGF2 growth factor. Hypermethylation of this DMR—and subsequently of the H19 promoter region—is a major cause of the clinical features of gigantism and/or asymmetry seen in Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome or in isolated hemihypertrophy. Here, we report a series of patients with hypomethylation of the H19 locus. Their main clinical features of asymmetry and growth retardation are the opposite of those seen in patients with hypermethylation of this region. In addition, we show that complete hypomethylation of the H19 promoter is found in two of three patients with the full clinical spectrum of Silver-Russell syndrome. This syndrome is also characterized by growth retardation and asymmetry, among other clinical features. We conclude that patients with these clinical features should be analyzed for H19 hypomethylation. PMID:16532391

  16. Towards understanding North Pacific climate variabilty with instrumental and ice core records

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kelsey, Eric P.

    Reconstructing climate variability prior to the instrumental era is critical to advance our understanding of the Earth's climate system. Although many paleoclimate records from the North Atlantic basin have been studied, relatively few paleoclimate records have been recovered in the North Pacific leaving a gap in our knowledge concerning North Pacific climate variability. The Eclipse and Mount Logan Prospector-Russell ice cores are favorably located in the St. Elias Mountains, Yukon, Canada to document North Pacific climate variability over the late Holocene. Detailed analysis reveals a consistent relationship of surface air temperature (SAT) anomalies associated with extreme Arctic Oscillation (AO) and Pacific-North America (PNA) index values, and a consistent relationship of North Pacific sea level pressure (SLP) anomalies associated with extreme Mt. Logan annual [Na+] and Eclipse cold season accumulation values. Spatial SAT anomaly patterns are most consistent for AO and PNA index values ≥1.5 and ≤-1.5 during the period 1872-2010. The highest and lowest ˜10% of Eclipse warm and cold season stable isotopes are associated with distinct atmospheric circulation patterns. The most-fractionated isotope values occur with a weaker Aleutian Low, and the least-fractionated isotope values occur with an amplification of the Aleutian Low and northwestern North American ridge. The assumption of stationarity between ice core records and sea-level pressure was tested for the Eclipse cold season accumulation and Mt. Logan annual sodium concentration records for 1872-2001. A stationary relationship was found for ≥95% of years when Mt. Logan sodium concentrations were ≤1.32 microg/L, with positive SLP anomalies in the eastern North Pacific. This high frequency supports the use of low sodium values at Mt. Logan for a reconstruction of SLP prior to 1872. Negative SLP anomalies in the North Pacific occurred for extreme high sodium concentration years and positive SLP

  17. Frequency of block displacements at the north pole of Mars based on HiRISE images

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fanara, Lida; Gwinner, Klaus; Hauber, Ernst; Oberst, Juergen

    2016-10-01

    We identify active block displacements at the foot of the steep north polar scarps of Mars and estimate the frequency of these events. This will help us improve our knowledge of the erosion rate and evolution of the north polar cap. Thousands of single-block movements or events involving multiple blocks have been captured within 10 years of repeated high resolution imaging of the north polar cap's margins by High Resolution Imaging Experiment (HiRISE). These blocks, which are up to a couple of cubic meters in size, become detached either from the North Polar Layered Deposits (NPLD) or the Basal Unit (BU) [1] and come to rest intact or after breaking up into smaller fragments. We detect the new blocks automatically in co-registered images taken at different times. For the co-registration we use Ames Stereo Pipeline [2] to produce HiRISE Digital Terrain Models (DTMs) and ortho-rectify the images on these DTMs. We focus on retrieving the frequency of the events as well as the sizes and shapes of the moved blocks. Our results suggest that rock falls are presently an important, regular recurring seasonal process for certain areas of the north polar scarps. Estimates of the volume of the mass movements and hence the erosion rate are supported by analysis of corresponding DTMs.The research leading to these results has received funding from the European Union's Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007-2013) under iMars grant agreement no 607379.References:[1] Russell et al., Landslide erosion rates of north polar layered deposit cliffs and the underlying basal unit, Eighth International Conference on Mars, 2014[2] Moratto et al., Ames Stereo Pipeline, NASA's Open Source Automated Stereogrammetry Software, LPSC, 2010

  18. North American patience

    SciTech Connect

    1994-12-01

    Independent power companies are facing numerous changes in power markets across North America. While changes bring uncertainty, they also hold promise for future competitive power opportunities. Included are new capacity, repowering aging infrastructure and the role of power brokers. It is likely that patience has never been a more valuable attribute for companies working in the North American market.

  19. North American Biome

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    The North America biome includes the major ecoregions that make up the land area of Canada, the United States, Mexico, and countries in Central America. The biome is bordered to the north by the Arctic Ocean, to the east by the Atlantic Ocean, to the west and south by the Pacific Ocean, and to the s...

  20. 626628 North Eutaw Street (Commercial Building), 626628 North Eutaw Street ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    626-628 North Eutaw Street (Commercial Building), 626-628 North Eutaw Street & 400-412 Druid Hill Avenue on a block bounded by North Eutaw Street, George Street, Jaspar Street, & Druid Hill Avenue, Baltimore, Independent City, MD

  1. 17. Interior first level view looking north within forward (north) ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    17. Interior first level view looking north within forward (north) section of firing pier. - Naval Torpedo Station, Firing Pier, North end of Gould Island in Narragansett Bay, Newport, Newport County, RI

  2. Detail; Street Car Waiting House window, north wall North ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Detail; Street Car Waiting House window, north wall - North Philadelphia Station, Street Car Waiting House, 2900 North Broad Street, on northwest corner of Broad Street & Glenwood Avenue, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA

  3. INTERIOR VIEW, NORTH QUARRY, AN ACTIVE DOLOMITE QUARRY, LOOKING NORTH ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    INTERIOR VIEW, NORTH QUARRY, AN ACTIVE DOLOMITE QUARRY, LOOKING NORTH TO THE POWER PLANT OF THE HISTORIC THOMAS COKEWORKS SITE. - Wade Sand & Gravel Company, North Quarry, State Highway 78, Thomas, Jefferson County, AL

  4. North view; Canopy detail and platformlevel freight elevator North ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    North view; Canopy detail and platform-level freight elevator - North Philadelphia Station, 2900 North Broad Street, on northwest corner of Broad Street & Glenwood Avenue, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA

  5. NORTH GATE AT 11TH AVENUE (490 NORTH & 900 EAST), ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    NORTH GATE AT 11TH AVENUE (490 NORTH & 900 EAST), SALT LAKE CITY, UT. VIEW LOOKING SOUTH AT CEMETERY'S NORTH GATE (WPA PROJECT, 1938-1941). - Salt Lake City Cemetery, 200 N Street, Salt Lake City, Salt Lake County, UT

  6. WEST PIER OF NORTH GATE (490 NORTH & 900 EAST), ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    WEST PIER OF NORTH GATE (490 NORTH & 900 EAST), SALT LAKE CITY, UT. VIEW LOOKING SOUTH AT THE WEST PIER OF THE CEMETERY'S NORTH GATE. - Salt Lake City Cemetery, 200 N Street, Salt Lake City, Salt Lake County, UT

  7. EAST (FRONT) AND NORTH SIDE OF DOUBLE FURNACE AND NORTH ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    EAST (FRONT) AND NORTH SIDE OF DOUBLE FURNACE AND NORTH SIDE OF SINGLE FURNACE, SOUTHWEST. - Tannehill Furnace, 12632 Confederate Parkway, Tannehill Historical State Park, Bucksville, Tuscaloosa County, AL

  8. North American encephalitic arboviruses

    PubMed Central

    Davis, Larry E.; Beckham, J. David; Tyler, Kenneth L.

    2008-01-01

    Synopsis Arboviruses continue to be a major cause of encephalitis in North America and West Nile virus neuroinvasive disease is now the dominant cause of encephalitis. Transmission to humans of North American arboviruses occurs by infected mosquitoes or ticks. Most infections are asymptomatic or produce a flu-like illness. Elderly, immunosuppressed individuals and infants for some arboviruses have the highest incidence of severe encephalitis. Rapid serum or CSF IgM antibody capture ELISA assays are now available to diagnosis the acute infection for all North American arboviruses. Unfortunately, no antiviral drugs are approved for the treatment of arbovirus infection and current therapy is supportive. PMID:18657724

  9. North Polar Dunes

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2006-01-01

    23 January 2006 This Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) image shows dark sand dunes in the north polar region of Mars. Surrounding much of the north polar ice cap are fields of sand dunes. In this case, the strongest winds responsible for the dunes blew off the polar cap (not seen here), from the north-northwest (upper left).

    Location near: 76.5oN, 63.7oW Image width: 3 km (1.9 mi) Illumination from: lower left Season: Northern Summer

  10. Interior, north end of building, looking north. At left is ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Interior, north end of building, looking north. At left is the threading machine and the cutout in the wall for a long tube in the machine is on the north wall beyond the machine. - Fitzsimons General Hospital, Shops Building, Northwest Corner of West Pennington Avenue, & North Tenth Street, Aurora, Adams County, CO

  11. Modeling of subglacial water pressure on Russell glacier, toward a better understanding of the relation between meltwater availability and ice dynamics.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    de Fleurian, Basile; Morlighem, Mathieu; Seroussi, Helene; Rignot, Eric

    2016-04-01

    Basal sliding is the main control on outlet glaciers velocity. This sliding is mainly driven by the water pressure at the base of the glaciers. The ongoing increase in surface melt of the Greenland Ice Sheet warrants an examination of its impact on basal water pressure and in turn on basal sliding. Here, we examine the case of Russell glacier, West Greenland, where a remarkably extensive set of observations have been gathered. These observations suggest that the increase in runoff has no impact on the annual velocity on the lower part of the drainage basin, but yield an acceleration of ice flow above the Equilibrium Line Altitude (ELA). It is believed that this two distinct behaviours are due to different evolutions of the subglacial draining system during and after the melt season. We use here a high-resolution new generation subglacial hydrological model forced by reconstructed surface runoff for the period 2008 to 2012 to investigate the possible causes of these distinct behaviours. The model results confirm the existence of two distinct behaviours of the subglacial water pressure, an increase in the mean annual water pressure at high elevation and a stagnation of these same mean annual pressures below the ELA. The increase in meltwater at the lower elevation leads to a more developed efficient drainage system and the overall steadiness of the annual velocities, but, at higher elevation the drainage system remains mainly inefficient and is therefore strongly sensitive to the increase in meltwater availability.

  12. EMQN best practice guidelines for the molecular genetic testing and reporting of chromosome 11p15 imprinting disorders: Silver-Russell and Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome.

    PubMed

    Eggermann, Katja; Bliek, Jet; Brioude, Frédéric; Algar, Elizabeth; Buiting, Karin; Russo, Silvia; Tümer, Zeynep; Monk, David; Moore, Gudrun; Antoniadi, Thalia; Macdonald, Fiona; Netchine, Irène; Lombardi, Paolo; Soellner, Lukas; Begemann, Matthias; Prawitt, Dirk; Maher, Eamonn R; Mannens, Marcel; Riccio, Andrea; Weksberg, Rosanna; Lapunzina, Pablo; Grønskov, Karen; Mackay, Deborah Jg; Eggermann, Thomas

    2016-10-01

    Molecular genetic testing for the 11p15-associated imprinting disorders Silver-Russell and Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome (SRS, BWS) is challenging because of the molecular heterogeneity and complexity of the affected imprinted regions. With the growing knowledge on the molecular basis of these disorders and the demand for molecular testing, it turned out that there is an urgent need for a standardized molecular diagnostic testing and reporting strategy. Based on the results from the first external pilot quality assessment schemes organized by the European Molecular Quality Network (EMQN) in 2014 and in context with activities of the European Network of Imprinting Disorders (EUCID.net) towards a consensus in diagnostics and management of SRS and BWS, best practice guidelines have now been developed. Members of institutions working in the field of SRS and BWS diagnostics were invited to comment, and in the light of their feedback amendments were made. The final document was ratified in the course of an EMQN best practice guideline meeting and is in accordance with the general SRS and BWS consensus guidelines, which are in preparation. These guidelines are based on the knowledge acquired from peer-reviewed and published data, as well as observations of the authors in their practice. However, these guidelines can only provide a snapshot of current knowledge at the time of manuscript submission and readers are advised to keep up with the literature.

  13. Resister's logic: the anti-vaccination arguments of Alfred Russel Wallace and their role in the debates over compulsory vaccination in England, 1870-1907.

    PubMed

    Fichman, Martin; Keelan, Jennifer E

    2007-09-01

    In the 1880s, Alfred Russel Wallace, the celebrated co-discoverer of natural selection, launched himself into the centre of a politicised and polarised debate over the unpopular compulsory vaccination laws in England. Wallace never wavered in his belief that smallpox vaccination was useless and likely dangerous. Six years before his death, the anti-vaccinationists successfully secured a conscience clause that effectively dismantled the compulsory vaccination laws. Several other important Victorian scientists joined Wallace in the fight to repeal compulsory vaccination arguing that widely held views on the effectiveness of vaccination and evidence for immunity were inconclusive in the light of (then) contemporary standards of evidence. This article situates Wallace's anti-vaccination logic within the broader matrix of sociopolitical and cultural reform movements of the late Victorian era. Additionally it provides the first detailed analysis of his critique of vaccination science, in particular the role statistics played in his arguments. In this period, both pro-vaccinationists and anti-vaccinationists invested great efforts in collating and analysing statistical data sets that either supported or refuted the claims of vaccination's effectiveness. While each side presented 'controlled' case studies to support their assertions, without an unambiguous test to measure or demonstrate vaccination's effectiveness, the anti-vaccinationists continued to mount credible statistical critiques of vaccination science. PMID:17893067

  14. Comparative study of anticoagulant and procoagulant properties of 28 snake venoms from families Elapidae, Viperidae, and purified Russell's viper venom-factor X activator (RVV-X).

    PubMed

    Suntravat, Montamas; Nuchprayoon, Issarang; Pérez, John C

    2010-09-15

    Snake venoms consist of numerous molecules with diverse biological functions used for capturing prey. Each component of venom has a specific target, and alters the biological function of its target. Once these molecules are identified, characterized, and cloned; they could have medical applications. The activated clotting time (ACT) and clot rate were used for screening procoagulant and anticoagulant properties of 28 snake venoms. Crude venoms from Daboia russellii siamensis, Bothrops asper, Bothrops moojeni, and one Crotalus oreganus helleri from Wrightwood, CA, had procoagulant activity. These venoms induced a significant shortening of the ACT and showed a significant increase in the clot rate when compared to the negative control. Factor X activator activity was also measured in 28 venoms, and D. r. siamensis venom was 5-6 times higher than those of B. asper, B. moojeni, and C. o. helleri from Wrightwood County. Russell's viper venom-factor X activator (RVV-X) was purified from D. r. siamensis venom, and then procoagulant activity was evaluated by the ACT and clot rate. Other venoms, Crotalus atrox and two Naja pallida, had anticoagulant activity. A significant increase in the ACT and a significant decrease in the clot rate were observed after the addition of these venoms; therefore, the venoms were considered to have anticoagulant activity. Venoms from the same species did not always have the same ACT and clot rate profiles, but the profiles were an excellent way to identify procoagulant and anticoagulant activities in snake venoms. PMID:20677373

  15. Resister's logic: the anti-vaccination arguments of Alfred Russel Wallace and their role in the debates over compulsory vaccination in England, 1870-1907.

    PubMed

    Fichman, Martin; Keelan, Jennifer E

    2007-09-01

    In the 1880s, Alfred Russel Wallace, the celebrated co-discoverer of natural selection, launched himself into the centre of a politicised and polarised debate over the unpopular compulsory vaccination laws in England. Wallace never wavered in his belief that smallpox vaccination was useless and likely dangerous. Six years before his death, the anti-vaccinationists successfully secured a conscience clause that effectively dismantled the compulsory vaccination laws. Several other important Victorian scientists joined Wallace in the fight to repeal compulsory vaccination arguing that widely held views on the effectiveness of vaccination and evidence for immunity were inconclusive in the light of (then) contemporary standards of evidence. This article situates Wallace's anti-vaccination logic within the broader matrix of sociopolitical and cultural reform movements of the late Victorian era. Additionally it provides the first detailed analysis of his critique of vaccination science, in particular the role statistics played in his arguments. In this period, both pro-vaccinationists and anti-vaccinationists invested great efforts in collating and analysing statistical data sets that either supported or refuted the claims of vaccination's effectiveness. While each side presented 'controlled' case studies to support their assertions, without an unambiguous test to measure or demonstrate vaccination's effectiveness, the anti-vaccinationists continued to mount credible statistical critiques of vaccination science.

  16. Extraordinary claims require extraordinary evidence: C.H. Payne H.N. Russell and standards of evidence in early quantitative spectroscopy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Devorkin, David H.

    2010-07-01

    The ionization equilibrium theory of Meghnad Saha was hardly four years old, and still far from general acceptance, when a graduate student at Harvard University, Cecilia H. Payne, applied it to calibrate the Harvard spectral sequence as a temperature sequence. Payne indeed utilized Saha's relation not in its original form, but in its more acceptable form based upon a statistical mechanical re-derivation by E.A. Milne and R.H. Fowler. Her temperature calibration was, therefore, not at issue for her mentors at Harvard, such as Harlow Shapley, and her external reviewer for her Ph.D., Shapley's former teacher, the influential Princeton astronomer, Henry Norris Russell. Other conclusions she drew from her analysis, moreover, went beyond the evidence, they felt, and so she had to moderate her most provocative finding: that hydrogen dominated the atmospheres of the stars. She did so, however, in a manner that was designed to record for posterity that she was the first to make this observation, right or wrong. In so doing, Payne can be credited with profound political acumen, a quality that deserves more attention in the history of twentieth century astronomy.

  17. EMQN best practice guidelines for the molecular genetic testing and reporting of chromosome 11p15 imprinting disorders: Silver–Russell and Beckwith–Wiedemann syndrome

    PubMed Central

    Eggermann, Katja; Bliek, Jet; Brioude, Frédéric; Algar, Elizabeth; Buiting, Karin; Russo, Silvia; Tümer, Zeynep; Monk, David; Moore, Gudrun; Antoniadi, Thalia; Macdonald, Fiona; Netchine, Irène; Lombardi, Paolo; Soellner, Lukas; Begemann, Matthias; Prawitt, Dirk; Maher, Eamonn R; Mannens, Marcel; Riccio, Andrea; Weksberg, Rosanna; Lapunzina, Pablo; Grønskov, Karen; Mackay, Deborah JG; Eggermann, Thomas

    2016-01-01

    Molecular genetic testing for the 11p15-associated imprinting disorders Silver–Russell and Beckwith–Wiedemann syndrome (SRS, BWS) is challenging because of the molecular heterogeneity and complexity of the affected imprinted regions. With the growing knowledge on the molecular basis of these disorders and the demand for molecular testing, it turned out that there is an urgent need for a standardized molecular diagnostic testing and reporting strategy. Based on the results from the first external pilot quality assessment schemes organized by the European Molecular Quality Network (EMQN) in 2014 and in context with activities of the European Network of Imprinting Disorders (EUCID.net) towards a consensus in diagnostics and management of SRS and BWS, best practice guidelines have now been developed. Members of institutions working in the field of SRS and BWS diagnostics were invited to comment, and in the light of their feedback amendments were made. The final document was ratified in the course of an EMQN best practice guideline meeting and is in accordance with the general SRS and BWS consensus guidelines, which are in preparation. These guidelines are based on the knowledge acquired from peer-reviewed and published data, as well as observations of the authors in their practice. However, these guidelines can only provide a snapshot of current knowledge at the time of manuscript submission and readers are advised to keep up with the literature. PMID:27165005

  18. North Polar Dust Storm

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2003-01-01

    MGS MOC Release No. MOC2-334, 18 April 2003

    This composite of Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) wide angle daily global images shows a north polar dust storm on March 7, 2003. Similar late summer storms occurred nearly every day from late February well into April 2003; these were also seen in late summer in 1999 and 2001. The white features at the top of the image are the water ice surfaces of the north polar residual cap. Sunlight illuminates the scene from the lower left.

  19. North Polar Layer Exposure

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2004-01-01

    20 November 2004 Both the north and south polar ice caps overlie a thick accumulation of layered material. For more than three decades, these deposits have been assumed to consist of a mixture of dust and ice. This October 2004 Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) image shows some of the north polar layers exposed on a slope located near 79.1oN, 348.4oW. The image covers an area approximately 3 km (1.9 mi) wide. Sunlight illuminates the scene from the lower left.

  20. North Polar Scarp

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2004-01-01

    3 March 2004 The north polar cap of Mars overlies a series of layered materials. The upper-most layers are light-toned and may include ice and perhaps dust. The lower layers may be less icy and contain some amount of dark sand. This Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) image shows an exposure of north polar layers located near 83.9oN, 237.9oW. This view covers an area 3 km (1.9 mi) wide and is illuminated by sunlight from the lower left.

  1. Inhibition of secretary PLA₂--VRV-PL-VIIIa of Russell's viper venom by standard aqueous stem bark extract of Mangifera indica L.

    PubMed

    Dhananjaya, B L; Sudarshan, S

    2015-03-01

    The aqueous extract of Mangifera indica is known to possess anti-snake venom activities. However, its inhibitory potency and mechanism of action on multi-toxic phospholipases A2s, which are the most toxic and lethal component of snake venom is still unknown. Therefore, this study was carried out to evaluate the modulatory effect of standard aqueous bark extract of M. indica on VRV-PL-VIIIa of Indian Russells viper venom. Mangifera indica extract dose dependently inhibited the GIIB sPLA2 (VRV-PL-VIIIa) activity with an IC50 value of 6.8±0.3 μg/ml. M. indica extract effectively inhibited the indirect hemolytic activity up to 96% at ~40 μg/ml concentration. Further, M. indica extract at different concentrations (0-50 μg/ml) inhibited the edema formed in a dose dependent manner. It was found that there was no relieve of inhibitory effect of the extract when examined as a function of increased substrate and calcium concentration. The inhibition was irreversible as evident from binding studies. The in vitro inhibition is well correlated with in situ and in vivo edema inducing activities. As the inhibition is independent of substrate, calcium concentration and was irreversible, it can be concluded that M. indica extracts mode of inhibition could be due to direct interaction of components present in the extract with PLA2 enzyme. In conclusion, the aqueous extract of M. indica effectively inhibits svPLA2 (Snake venom phospholipase A2) enzymatic and its associated toxic activities, which substantiate its anti-snake venom properties. Further in-depth studies are interesting to known on the role and mechanism of the principal inhibitory constituents present in the extract, so as to develop them into potent anti-snake venom and as an anti-inflammatory agent. PMID:25801252

  2. Inhibition of secretary PLA₂--VRV-PL-VIIIa of Russell's viper venom by standard aqueous stem bark extract of Mangifera indica L.

    PubMed

    Dhananjaya, B L; Sudarshan, S

    2015-03-01

    The aqueous extract of Mangifera indica is known to possess anti-snake venom activities. However, its inhibitory potency and mechanism of action on multi-toxic phospholipases A2s, which are the most toxic and lethal component of snake venom is still unknown. Therefore, this study was carried out to evaluate the modulatory effect of standard aqueous bark extract of M. indica on VRV-PL-VIIIa of Indian Russells viper venom. Mangifera indica extract dose dependently inhibited the GIIB sPLA2 (VRV-PL-VIIIa) activity with an IC50 value of 6.8±0.3 μg/ml. M. indica extract effectively inhibited the indirect hemolytic activity up to 96% at ~40 μg/ml concentration. Further, M. indica extract at different concentrations (0-50 μg/ml) inhibited the edema formed in a dose dependent manner. It was found that there was no relieve of inhibitory effect of the extract when examined as a function of increased substrate and calcium concentration. The inhibition was irreversible as evident from binding studies. The in vitro inhibition is well correlated with in situ and in vivo edema inducing activities. As the inhibition is independent of substrate, calcium concentration and was irreversible, it can be concluded that M. indica extracts mode of inhibition could be due to direct interaction of components present in the extract with PLA2 enzyme. In conclusion, the aqueous extract of M. indica effectively inhibits svPLA2 (Snake venom phospholipase A2) enzymatic and its associated toxic activities, which substantiate its anti-snake venom properties. Further in-depth studies are interesting to known on the role and mechanism of the principal inhibitory constituents present in the extract, so as to develop them into potent anti-snake venom and as an anti-inflammatory agent.

  3. Humanized H19/Igf2 locus reveals diverged imprinting mechanism between mouse and human and reflects Silver-Russell syndrome phenotypes.

    PubMed

    Hur, Stella K; Freschi, Andrea; Ideraabdullah, Folami; Thorvaldsen, Joanne L; Luense, Lacey J; Weller, Angela H; Berger, Shelley L; Cerrato, Flavia; Riccio, Andrea; Bartolomei, Marisa S

    2016-09-27

    Genomic imprinting affects a subset of genes in mammals, such that they are expressed in a monoallelic, parent-of-origin-specific manner. These genes are regulated by imprinting control regions (ICRs), cis-regulatory elements that exhibit allele-specific differential DNA methylation. Although genomic imprinting is conserved in mammals, ICRs are genetically divergent across species. This raises the fundamental question of whether the ICR plays a species-specific role in regulating imprinting at a given locus. We addressed this question at the H19/insulin-like growth factor 2 (Igf2) imprinted locus, the misregulation of which is associated with the human imprinting disorders Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome (BWS) and Silver-Russell syndrome (SRS). We generated a knock-in mouse in which the endogenous H19/Igf2 ICR (mIC1) is replaced by the orthologous human ICR (hIC1) sequence, designated H19(hIC1) We show that hIC1 can functionally replace mIC1 on the maternal allele. In contrast, paternally transmitted hIC1 leads to growth restriction, abnormal hIC1 methylation, and loss of H19 and Igf2 imprinted expression. Imprint establishment at hIC1 is impaired in the male germ line, which is associated with an abnormal composition of histone posttranslational modifications compared with mIC1. Overall, this study reveals evolutionarily divergent paternal imprinting at IC1 between mice and humans. The conserved maternal imprinting mechanism and function at IC1 demonstrates the possibility of modeling maternal transmission of hIC1 mutations associated with BWS in mice. In addition, we propose that further analyses in the paternal knock-in H19(+/hIC1) mice will elucidate the molecular mechanisms that may underlie SRS.

  4. Disruption of genomic neighbourhood at the imprinted IGF2-H19 locus in Beckwith–Wiedemann syndrome and Silver–Russell syndrome

    PubMed Central

    Nativio, Raffaella; Sparago, Angela; Ito, Yoko; Weksberg, Rosanna; Riccio, Andrea; Murrell, Adele

    2011-01-01

    Hyper- and hypomethylation at the IGF2-H19 imprinting control region (ICR) result in reciprocal changes in IGF2-H19 expression and the two contrasting growth disorders, Beckwith–Wiedemann syndrome (BWS) and Silver–Russell syndrome (SRS). DNA methylation of the ICR controls the reciprocal imprinting of IGF2 and H19 by preventing the binding of the insulator protein, CTCF. We here show that local changes in histone modifications and CTCF–cohesin binding at the ICR in BWS and SRS together with DNA methylation correlate with the higher order chromatin structure at the locus. In lymphoblastoid cells from control individuals, we found the repressive histone H3K9me3 and H4K20me3 marks associated with the methylated paternal ICR allele and the bivalent H3K4me2/H3K27me3 mark together with H3K9ac and CTCF–cohesin associated with the non-methylated maternal allele. In patient-derived cell lines, the mat/pat asymmetric distribution of these epigenetic marks was lost with H3K9me3 and H4K20me3 becoming biallelic in the BWS and H3K4me2, H3K27me3 and H3K9ac together with CTCF–cohesin becoming biallelic in the SRS. We further show that in BWS and SRS cells, there is opposing chromatin looping conformation mediated by CTCF–cohesin binding sites surrounding the locus. In normal cells, lack of CTCF–cohesin binding at the paternal ICR is associated with monoallelic interaction between two CTCF sites flanking the locus. CTCF–cohesin binding at the maternal ICR blocks this interaction by associating with the CTCF site downstream of the enhancers. The two alternative chromatin conformations are differently favoured in BWS and SRS likely predisposing the locus to the activation of IGF2 or H19, respectively. PMID:21282187

  5. Humanized H19/Igf2 locus reveals diverged imprinting mechanism between mouse and human and reflects Silver-Russell syndrome phenotypes.

    PubMed

    Hur, Stella K; Freschi, Andrea; Ideraabdullah, Folami; Thorvaldsen, Joanne L; Luense, Lacey J; Weller, Angela H; Berger, Shelley L; Cerrato, Flavia; Riccio, Andrea; Bartolomei, Marisa S

    2016-09-27

    Genomic imprinting affects a subset of genes in mammals, such that they are expressed in a monoallelic, parent-of-origin-specific manner. These genes are regulated by imprinting control regions (ICRs), cis-regulatory elements that exhibit allele-specific differential DNA methylation. Although genomic imprinting is conserved in mammals, ICRs are genetically divergent across species. This raises the fundamental question of whether the ICR plays a species-specific role in regulating imprinting at a given locus. We addressed this question at the H19/insulin-like growth factor 2 (Igf2) imprinted locus, the misregulation of which is associated with the human imprinting disorders Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome (BWS) and Silver-Russell syndrome (SRS). We generated a knock-in mouse in which the endogenous H19/Igf2 ICR (mIC1) is replaced by the orthologous human ICR (hIC1) sequence, designated H19(hIC1) We show that hIC1 can functionally replace mIC1 on the maternal allele. In contrast, paternally transmitted hIC1 leads to growth restriction, abnormal hIC1 methylation, and loss of H19 and Igf2 imprinted expression. Imprint establishment at hIC1 is impaired in the male germ line, which is associated with an abnormal composition of histone posttranslational modifications compared with mIC1. Overall, this study reveals evolutionarily divergent paternal imprinting at IC1 between mice and humans. The conserved maternal imprinting mechanism and function at IC1 demonstrates the possibility of modeling maternal transmission of hIC1 mutations associated with BWS in mice. In addition, we propose that further analyses in the paternal knock-in H19(+/hIC1) mice will elucidate the molecular mechanisms that may underlie SRS. PMID:27621468

  6. Level II scour analysis for Bridge 63 (MTH0TH00120063) on Town Highway 12, crossing Russell Brook, Mount Holly, Vermont

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Wild, Emily C.; Severance, Timothy

    1998-01-01

    This report provides the results of a detailed Level II analysis of scour potential at structure MTHOTH00120063 on Town Highway 12 crossing Russell Brook, Mount Holly, Vermont (figures 1–8). A Level II study is a basic engineering analysis of the site, including a quantitative analysis of stream stability and scour (FHWA, 1993). Results of a Level I scour investigation also are included in appendix E of this report. A Level I investigation provides a qualitative geomorphic characterization of the study site. Information on the bridge, gleaned from Vermont Agency of Transportation (VTAOT) files, was compiled prior to conducting Level I and Level II analyses and is found in appendix D. The site is in the Green Mountain section of the New England physiographic province in south-central Vermont. The 3.6-mi2 drainage area is in a predominantly rural and forested basin. In the vicinity of the study site, the surface cover is forest upstream and downstream of the bridge. In the study area, Russell Brook has an incised, sinuous channel with a slope of approximately 0.0263 ft/ft, an average channel top width of 29 ft and an average bank height of 3 ft. The channel bed material ranges from cobbles to boulders with a median grain size (D50) of 97.1 mm (0.318 ft). The geomorphic assessment at the time of the Level I and Level II site visit on October 4, 1995, indicated that the reach was stable. The Town Highway 12 crossing of Russell Brook is a 29-ft-long, one-lane bridge consisting of a 26-foot steel-stringer span (Vermont Agency of Transportation, written communication, March 21, 1995). The opening length of the structure parallel to the bridge face is 23.5 ft. The bridge is supported by vertical, concrete abutments with wingwalls. The channel is skewed approximately 40 degrees to the opening while the computed opening-skew-to-roadway is 35 degrees. During the Level I assessment, it was observed that the upstream left wingwall footing was exposed 0.2 ft, in reference to

  7. View north, north wall of canal, hoboken rail yard in ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    View north, north wall of canal, hoboken rail yard in background. - Delaware, Lackawanna & Western Railroad Freight & Rail Yard, Long Slip Canal, New Jersey Transit Hoboken Rail Yard, Hoboken, Hudson County, NJ

  8. Life sciences building, north rear, also showing north hall to ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Life sciences building, north rear, also showing north hall to the right, and the library in the center distance. - San Bernardino Valley College, 701 South Mount Vernon Avenue, San Bernardino, San Bernardino County, CA

  9. Detail of north wing with rollup door on north elevation; ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Detail of north wing with roll-up door on north elevation; camera facing south. - Mare Island Naval Shipyard, Defense Electronics Equipment Operating Center, I Street, terminus west of Cedar Avenue, Vallejo, Solano County, CA

  10. 8. VIEW, LOOKING NORTH, SHOWING NORTH SHORE AND OPERATOR'S HOUSE ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    8. VIEW, LOOKING NORTH, SHOWING NORTH SHORE AND OPERATOR'S HOUSE WITH BRIDGE IN OPEN POSITION - New York, New Haven & Hartford Railroad, Mystic River Bridge, Spanning Mystic River between Groton & Stonington, Groton, New London County, CT

  11. Lock 1 View north of north wall with concrete ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Lock 1 - View north of north wall with concrete foundation for coal unloader and gate pocket at left. - Savannah & Ogeechee Barge Canal, Between Ogeechee & Savannah Rivers, Savannah, Chatham County, GA

  12. 3. NORTH ELEVATION OF BOILER HOUSE; PARTIAL NORTH ELEVATION OF ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    3. NORTH ELEVATION OF BOILER HOUSE; PARTIAL NORTH ELEVATION OF ENGINE HOUSE, LEFT REAR. - Providence Sewage Treatment System, Ernest Street Pumping Station, Boiler House, Ernest Street & Allens Avenue, Providence, Providence County, RI

  13. 6. WEST END OF NORTH TRAINING WALL, LOOKING NORTH FROM ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    6. WEST END OF NORTH TRAINING WALL, LOOKING NORTH FROM THE WATER, ALSO SHOWING FOUNDATIONS FOR AN UNIDENTIFIED STRUCTURE AT RIGHT. - Oakland Harbor Training Walls, Mouth of Federal Channel to Inner Harbor, Oakland, Alameda County, CA

  14. View north at north end of drydock no. 2 with ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    View north at north end of drydock no. 2 with the foundry/propeller shop (Haer no. Pa-387-O), in background. - Naval Base Philadelphia-Philadelphia Naval Shipyard, Drydock No. 2, League Island, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA

  15. North Atlantic Circulation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Molinari, R.; Bryan, K.; Schott, F.

    The intensity of the North Atlantic winddriven and thermohaline circulation and the close proximity of many oceanographic installations make the North Atlantic a particularly favored region of the world ocean from the standpoint of research in ocean circulation. Recent increases in available data and advances in numerical modeling techniques served as the impetus to convene a joint workshop of modelers and observers working on the North Atlantic with the Scientific Committee on Oceanic Research (SCOR) Working Group (WG) 68 (“North Atlantic Circulation”). Goals of the workshop were to provide an update on data sets and models and to discuss the poleward heat flux problem and possible monitoring strategies. The joint Workshop/SCOR WG-68 meeting was convened by F. Schott (chairman of the working group; Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science, Miami, Fla.), K. Bryan (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration/ Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory (NOAA/GFDL)), and R. Molinari (NOAA/Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratory (NOAA/AOML)).

  16. North-South Relations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Watkins, Melville

    1975-01-01

    Multinational corporations operating mostly in northern Canada export natural resources thus creating jobs and money for foreign shareholders. Similarly, businesses based in southern Canada reap benefits from northern resources. Environmentalists and churches can ally north-south interests to protect northern resources and people from corporate…

  17. North Carolina and SREB

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Southern Regional Education Board (SREB), 2009

    2009-01-01

    The Southern Regional Education Board (SREB) is a nonprofit organization that works collaboratively with North Carolina and 15 other member states to improve education at every level--from pre-K to postdoctoral study--through many effective programs and initiatives. SREB's "Challenge to Lead" Goals for Education, which call for the region to lead…

  18. North Carolina Farm Survey.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lilley, Stephen; And Others

    Interviews with 725 North Carolina farm operators revealed: the extent of economic, social, and emotional stresses on farm families; perceptions of the future of agriculture; the degree of reliance on off-farm income; financial management practices; and programs needed from the Agricultural Extension Service. Almost 66% viewed their future in…

  19. News from the North.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ellis, Sarah

    1987-01-01

    Reports on three new illustrated children's books with settings in the frozen Far North: "Zoom Away" by Tim Wynne-Jones and Ken Nutt, "The Cremation of Sam McGee" by Ted Harrison, and "A Candle for Christmas" by Jean Speare and Ann Blades. (NKA)

  20. North America Mosaic

    Atmospheric Science Data Center

    2014-05-15

    ... diversity of geological features, ecological systems and human landscapes across North America is indicated within the image, which ... from 56°N, 136°W at the upper left to 16°N 48°W at lower right. In addition to the contiguous United States, the scene spans from ...

  1. The North End Boston.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Connally, Nicole; And Others

    Goals and objectives, student activities, and evaluations are contained in this guide for a one-day scavenger hunt through the North End of Boston. The culmination of a unit involving urban planning and land-use problems, the field trip is intended to give students first-hand experience with city life and a better understanding of urban issues…

  2. 1. View of north elevation of Lowe Mill (north section ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. View of north elevation of Lowe Mill (north section of building). Note south section and boiler stack in right background. (The south section of Lowe Mill was built c. 1901, the north section c. 1905, and connected shortly thereafter). - Lowe Mill, Eighth Avenue, Southwest, Huntsville, Madison County, AL

  3. North portal and deck view, from north, showing inclined endposts, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    North portal and deck view, from north, showing inclined endposts, Pratt through trusses, north portal strut, overhead bracing, pipe rails and posts, and concrete deck with bituminous wearing surface - Castle Garden Bridge, Township Route 343 over Bennetts Branch of Sinnemahoning Creek, Driftwood, Cameron County, PA

  4. 19. Interior first level view looking north within forward (north) ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    19. Interior first level view looking north within forward (north) section of firing pier. Objects pictured include torpedo cart (left), floor-mounted roller tray (extending to lower right), and (at center rear), deck-type firing tube. - Naval Torpedo Station, Firing Pier, North end of Gould Island in Narragansett Bay, Newport, Newport County, RI

  5. 49. Machinery rooms on north tower. Facing north. Machinery rooms ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    49. Machinery rooms on north tower. Facing north. Machinery rooms contain all motors, motor controllers, and gears for operating one span, in this case, the north span. Note bell with continuous operating clapper for use as fog signals. - Henry Ford Bridge, Spanning Cerritos Channel, Los Angeles-Long Beach Harbor, Los Angeles, Los Angeles County, CA

  6. North Polar Ice

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2004-01-01

    25 December 2004 For 25 December, the MOC team thought that a visit to a north polar site would be timely. This Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) image shows, at about 1.5 meters per pixel (5 feet per pixel) resolution, a view of the north polar ice cap of Mars. That the material includes water ice has been known since the mid-1970s, when Viking orbiter observations confirmed that the cap gives off water vapor in the summertime, as the ice is subliming away. The surface shown here, observed by MOC during northern summer in November 2004, is pitted and somewhat grooved. Dark material on pit floors might be trapped, windblown dust. The picture covers an area about 1 km (0.62 mi) across, and is located near 86.8oN, 293.1oW. Sunlight illuminates the scene from the lower left.

  7. North Polar Layers

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2006-01-01

    13 January 2006 This Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) image shows a slope on which layered materials are exposed by erosion in the north polar region of Mars. Wind streaks are also evident in this summertime scene. The layers that make up the material beneath the ice of the north polar residual cap are typically considered to be a mixture of some amount of dust and ice, but the proportions of these constituents are not known.

    Location near: 82.6oN, 298.1oW Image width: 3 km (1.9 mi) Illumination from: lower left Season: Northern Summer

  8. North Polar Cap

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2004-01-01

    7 September 2004 This Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) image shows a 1.4 m/pixel (5 ft/pixel) view of a typical martian north polar ice cap texture. The surface is pitted and rough at the scale of several meters. The north polar residual cap of Mars consists mainly of water ice, while the south polar residual cap is mostly carbon dioxide. This picture is located near 85.2oN, 283.2oW. The image covers an area approximately 1 km wide by 1.4 km high (0.62 by 0.87 miles). Sunlight illuminates this scene from the lower left.

  9. North Polar Features

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2004-01-01

    28 November 2004 This Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) image shows banded terrain of the north polar region of Mars. The bands are exposures of layered material, possibly composed of dust and ice. The dark, rounded to elliptical mounds in this image might be the locations of ancient sand dunes that were completely buried in the north polar layered material. In more recent times, these mounds have been exhumed from within the layered material. Alternatively, the dark features are not ancient, exhumed dunes, but perhaps the remnants of a dark layer of material that once covered the entire area shown in the image. These features are located near 79.9oN, 31.4oW. The image covers an area about 3 km (1.9 mi) wide. Sunlight illuminates the scene from the lower left.

  10. North Polar Layers, Mars

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2006-01-01

    This view shows the basal layers of Mars' north polar layered deposits. The floor of Chasma Boreale is at the bottom of the image. This is a sub-image of a larger view imaged by the High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment (HiRISE) on NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter on Oct. 1, 2006. The resolution is 64 centimeters (25 inches) per pixel, and the scene is 568 meters (621 yards) wide.

  11. Workforce: North Dakota

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Western Interstate Commission for Higher Education, 2006

    2006-01-01

    Between 2002 and 2012, the rate of job growth in North Dakota will be modest: under 1 percent annually. However, a large number of positions-close to a quarter of all jobs in the state-will open up for hiring due to retirements and separations. In addition, the demand for well-educated employees will only increase over the next several years. In…

  12. North Polar Sand Dunes

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2003-01-01

    MGS MOC Release No. MOC2-417, 10 July 2003

    The martian north polar ice cap is surrounded by fields of dark, windblown sand dunes. This March 2003 Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) image shows dunes near 76.5oN, 264.7oW. The steep dune slip faces indicate wind transport of sand from the lower left toward the upper right. Sunlight illuminates the scene from the lower left.

  13. Anaglyph, North America

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2003-01-01

    This anaglyph (stereoscopic view) of North America was generated with data from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM). It is best viewed at or near full resolution with anaglyph glasses. For this broad view the resolution of the data was first reduced to 30 arcseconds (about 928 meters north-south and 736 meters east-west in central North America), matching the best previously existing global digital topographic data set called GTOPO30. The data were then resampled to a Mercator projection with approximately square pixels (about one kilometer, or 0.6 miles, on each side). Even at this decreased resolution the variety of landforms comprising the North American continent is readily apparent.

    Active tectonics (structural deformation of the Earth's crust) along and near the Pacific North American plate boundary creates the great topographic relief seen along the Pacific coast. Earth's crustal plates converge in southern Mexico and in the northwest United States, melting the crust and producing volcanic cones. Along the California coast, the plates are sliding laterally past each other, producing a pattern of slices within the San Andreas fault system. And, where the plates are diverging, the crust appears torn apart as one huge tear along the Gulf of California (northwest Mexico), and as the several fractures comprising the Basin and Range province (in and around Nevada).

    Across the Great Plains, erosional patterns dominate, with stream channels surrounding and penetrating the remnants of older smooth slopes east of the Rocky Mountains. This same erosion process is exposing the bedrock structural patterns of the Black Hills in South Dakota and the Ozark Mountains in Arkansas. Lateral erosion and sediment deposition by the Mississippi River has produced the flatlands of the lower Mississippi Valley and the Mississippi Delta.

    To the north, evidence of the glaciers of the last ice age is widely found, particularly east of the Canadian Rocky Mountains and

  14. Exploiting scientific advances. Philip Russell.

    PubMed

    1992-04-01

    The Children's Vaccine Initiative (CVI) will hopefully accelerate the vaccine development process, make it more efficient, and produce new and better vaccines which will prevent most, if not all, of today's preventable diseases which lead to childhood mortality. The technology exists, but has simply not been exploited. Many exciting approaches to vaccine development never advance beyond the product development stage because, until now, there has been no mechanism for overseeing the entire process from the initial conception of a vaccine in the laboratory to its development by industry and its incorporation into vaccine programs. The CVI, however, has been established to provide such oversight and to coordinate the process. Recently developed technologies which could advance the attainment of CVI goals are the microencapsulation process and the use of live viral or attenuated bacterial vectors, genetically engineered to express desired vaccine antigen structures and induce immunity to specific infectious agents. The scientific obstacles are simply challenges which can be overcome. However, for the CVI to achieve its goals, it requires both adequate public sector resources and the collaboration of private industry. PMID:12321835

  15. 3. AERIAL VIEW TO NORTH OF NORTH PART OF COAST ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    3. AERIAL VIEW TO NORTH OF NORTH PART OF COAST GUARD AIR STATION SAN FRANCISCO, SHOWING PAN AMERICAN WORLD AIRWAYS HANGAR IN BACKGROUND. 8X10 black and white silver gelatin print. United States Coast Guard Official Photograph, 12th District, File No. 62751-21 A.S. Date unknown. - U.S. Coast Guard Air Station San Francisco, 1020 North Access Road, San Francisco, San Francisco County, CA

  16. INTERIOR VIEW, NORTH QUARRY, LOOKING NORTH TOWARDS THE SITE OF ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    INTERIOR VIEW, NORTH QUARRY, LOOKING NORTH TOWARDS THE SITE OF THE HISTORIC THOMAS FURNACES WITH ACTIVE DOLOMITE EXTRACTION ONGOING IN THE FOREGROUND. FURNACE FOUNDATION RUINS ARE PICTURED ON THE TOP LEDGE (CENTER LEFT) OF THE QUARRY. ALSO PICTURED IS THE HISTORIC THOMAS COKEWORKS WITH (LEFT TO RIGHT) THE POWER PLANT, BOILER HOUSE, AND COKEWORKS. JUST SOUTH OF THE COKEWORKS IS AN ACTIVE DOLOMITE CRUSHING, SIZING, AND SCREENING PLANT. - Wade Sand & Gravel Company, North Quarry, State Highway 78, Thomas, Jefferson County, AL

  17. INTERIOR VIEW, NORTH QUARRY, LOOKING NORTH TOWARDS THE SITE OF ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    INTERIOR VIEW, NORTH QUARRY, LOOKING NORTH TOWARDS THE SITE OF THE HISTORIC THOMAS FURNACES WITH ACTIVE DOLOMITE EXTRACTION ONGOING IN THE FOREGROUND. FURNACE FOUNDATION RUINS ARE PICTURED ON THE TOP LEDGE (CENTER LEFT) OF THE QUARRY. ALSO PICTURED IS THE HISTORIC THOMAS COKEWORKERS WITH (LEFT TO RIGHT) THE POWER PLANT, BOILER HOUSE, AND COKEWORKS. JUST SOUTH OF THE COKEWORKS, IS AN ACTIVE DOLOMITE CRUSHING, SIZING, AND SCREENING PLANT - Wade Sand & Gravel Company, North Quarry, State Highway 78, Thomas, Jefferson County, AL

  18. North America: Chapter 5

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Schwartz, Mark D.; Beaubien, Elisabeth G.; Crimmins, Theresa M.; Weltzin, Jake F.; Edited by Schwartz, Mark D.

    2013-01-01

    Plant phenological observations and networks in North America have been largely local and regional in extent until recent decades. In the USA, cloned plant monitoring networks were the exception to this pattern, with data collection spanning the late 1950s until approximately the early 1990s. Animal observation networks, especially for birds have been more extensive. The USA National Phenology Network (USA-NPN), established in the mid-2000s is a recent effort to operate a comprehensive national-scale network in the United States. In Canada, PlantWatch, as part of Nature Watch, is the current national-scale plant phenology program.

  19. North Polar Ice

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2005-01-01

    This Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) image illustrates very well the detailed, pitted nature of the north polar residual ice cap. As water ice sublimes away a little bit each summer, dark-floored pits have formed, trapping dust and other debris.

    Location near: 85.1oN, 284.6oW 200 m scale bar = 219 yards Illumination from: lower left Season: Northern Summer

  20. Fargo, North Dakota, USA

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2009-01-01

    [figure removed for brevity, see original site] Annotated version Click on the image for high resolution TIFF file

    Why does Fargo flood? The Red River of the North, which forms the border between North Dakota and Minnesota, has a long history of severe floods. Major floods include those of 1826, 1897, 1950, 1997, and now 2009. The 1997 flood caused billions of dollars of damage, with greatest impact to the city of Grand Forks, north of and downstream from Fargo. The 2009 flood, which has primarily impacted Fargo, appears to have peaked early on March 28.

    Several factors combine to cause floods. Obviously, rainfall and snowmelt rates (and their geographic distribution) are the fundamental variables that create flooding in some years and not others. But the repetition of flooding in Fargo (and areas downstream), rather than in adjacent regions, can be attributed largely to its topographic setting and geologic history.

    The formation of landforms in the geologic past is often interpretable from digital topographic data, such as that supplied by the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM). This image, covering parts of North Dakota, Minnesota, and South Dakota, displays ground elevation as brightness (higher is brighter) plus has simulated shading (with illumination from the north) to enhance topographic detail such as stream channels, ridges, and cliffs.

    The Red River of the North is the only major river that flows northward from the United States into Canada. In this scene it flows almost straight north from Fargo. North of this image it continues past the city of Winnipeg, Manitoba, and into Lake Winnipeg, which in turn drains to Hudson Bay. In the United States, the river lies in a trough that was shaped by continental glaciers that pushed south from Canada during the Pleistocene epoch, up to about 10,000 years ago. This trough is about 70 km (45 miles) wide and tens of meters (very generally about 100 feet) deep. Here near Fargo it lies on

  1. North Atlantic Bloom

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2007-01-01

    Reminiscent of the distinctive swirls in a Van Gogh painting, millions of microscopic plants color the waters of the North Atlantic with strokes of blue, turquoise, green, and brown. Fed by nutrients that have built up during the winter and the long, sunlit days of late spring and early summer, the cool waters of the North Atlantic come alive every year with a vivid display of color. The microscopic plants, called phytoplankton, that give the water this color are the base of the marine food chain. Some species of phytoplankton are coated with scales of calcium (chalk), which turn the water electric blue. Chlorophyll and other light-capturing pigments in others give the water a deep green hue. The proliferation of many different species in various stages of growth and decay provides many nuances of color in this concentrated bloom. The bloom stretches across hundreds of kilometers, well beyond the edges of this photo-like image, captured on June 23, 2007, by the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) flying aboard NASA's Aqua satellite. The upper left edge of the image is bounded by Greenland. Iceland is in the upper right. Plumes of dust are blowing off the island, probably adding nutrients to the surface waters to its south. NASA image courtesy Norman Kuring, Ocean Color Group at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center

  2. Anaglyph, North America

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2003-01-01

    This anaglyph (stereoscopic view) of North America was generated with data from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM). It is best viewed at or near full resolution with anaglyph glasses. For this broad view the resolution of the data was first reduced to 30 arcseconds (about 928 meters north-south and 736 meters east-west in central North America), matching the best previously existing global digital topographic data set called GTOPO30. The data were then resampled to a Mercator projection with approximately square pixels (about one kilometer, or 0.6 miles, on each side). Even at this decreased resolution the variety of landforms comprising the North American continent is readily apparent.

    Active tectonics (structural deformation of the Earth's crust) along and near the Pacific North American plate boundary creates the great topographic relief seen along the Pacific coast. Earth's crustal plates converge in southern Mexico and in the northwest United States, melting the crust and producing volcanic cones. Along the California coast, the plates are sliding laterally past each other, producing a pattern of slices within the San Andreas fault system. And, where the plates are diverging, the crust appears torn apart as one huge tear along the Gulf of California (northwest Mexico), and as the several fractures comprising the Basin and Range province (in and around Nevada).

    Across the Great Plains, erosional patterns dominate, with stream channels surrounding and penetrating the remnants of older smooth slopes east of the Rocky Mountains. This same erosion process is exposing the bedrock structural patterns of the Black Hills in South Dakota and the Ozark Mountains in Arkansas. Lateral erosion and sediment deposition by the Mississippi River has produced the flatlands of the lower Mississippi Valley and the Mississippi Delta.

    To the north, evidence of the glaciers of the last ice age is widely found, particularly east of the Canadian Rocky Mountains and

  3. North Polar Ice Cap

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1997-01-01

    North polar ice cap of Mars, as seen during mid summer in the northern hemisphere. The reddish areas consist of eolian dust, bright white areas consist of a mixture of water ice and dust, and the dark blue areas consist of sand dunes forming a huge 'collar' around the polar ice cap. (The colors have been enhanced with a decorrelation stretch to better show the color variability.) Shown here is an oblique view of the polar region, as seen with the Viking 1 spacecraft orbiting Mars over latitude 39 degrees north. The spiral bands consist of valleys which form by a combination of the Coriolis forces, wind erosion, and differential sublimation and condensation. In high-resolution images the polar caps are seen to consist of thick sequences of layered deposits, suggesting that cyclical climate changes have occurred on Mars. Cyclical climate changes are readily explained by quasi-periodic changes in the amount and distribution of solar heating resulting from perturbations in orbital and axial elements. Variations in the Earth's orbit have also been linked to the terrestrial climate changes during the ice ages.

  4. NorthEast view; Platform, canopy, and freight elevator North Philadelphia ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    North-East view; Platform, canopy, and freight elevator - North Philadelphia Station, 2900 North Broad Street, on northwest corner of Broad Street & Glenwood Avenue, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA

  5. 37. NORTH TO BINS ALONG NORTH WALL OF FACTORY BUILDING ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    37. NORTH TO BINS ALONG NORTH WALL OF FACTORY BUILDING WHICH REMAIN FILLED WITH NEW OLD STOCK AND USED PARTS FOR ELI WINDMILLS. THE ROPE AT THE LOWER FOREGROUND WAS USED IN ERECTING WINDMILLS AND TOWERS FOR CUSTOMERS. - Kregel Windmill Company Factory, 1416 Central Avenue, Nebraska City, Otoe County, NE

  6. 1. GENERAL VIEW OF EAST AND NORTH SIDES OF NORTH ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. GENERAL VIEW OF EAST AND NORTH SIDES OF NORTH WING; NOTE PLYWOOD COVERED WINDOWS DUE TO EXPLOSION ON LAUNCH PAD A IN MARCH 1997 WITH FIERY RAIN OF SOLID ROCKET FUEL AND PROLONGED CONCUSSION WAVES; VIEW TO SOUTHWEST. - Cape Canaveral Air Station, Launch Complex 17, Facility 36001, East end of Lighthouse Road, Cape Canaveral, Brevard County, FL

  7. 4. VIEW NORTH, YARD NORTH OF ENGINE HOUSE, SHOWING WATER ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    4. VIEW NORTH, YARD NORTH OF ENGINE HOUSE, SHOWING WATER TANK AND SHOP Photocopy of photograph, 1941 (Courtesy of Chesapeake Beach Railway Museum; L. W. Rice, photographer) - Chesapeake Beach Railroad Engine House, 21 Yost Place, Seat Pleasant, Prince George's County, MD

  8. North Central Thailand

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1998-01-01

    This radar image shows the dramatic landscape in the Phang Hoei Range of north central Thailand, about 40 kilometers (25 miles) northeast of the city of Lom Sak. The plateau, shown in green to the left of center, is the area of Phu Kradung National Park. This plateau is a remnant of a once larger plateau, another portion of which is seen along the right side of the image. The plateaus have been dissected by water erosion over thousands of years. Forest areas appear green on the image; agricultural areas and settlements appear as red and blue. North is toward the lower right. The area shown is 38 by 50 kilometers (24 by 31 miles) and is centered at 16.96 degrees north latitude, 101.67 degrees east longitude. Colors are assigned to different radar frequencies and polarizations as follows: red is L-band horizontally transmitted and horizontally received; green is L-band horizontally transmitted and vertically received; blue is C-band horizontally transmitted and vertically received. The image was acquired by the Spaceborne Imaging Radar-C/X-band Synthetic Aperture (SIR-C/X-SAR) imaging radar on October 3, 1994, when it flew aboard the space shuttle Endeavour. SIR-C/X-SAR is a joint mission of the U.S./German and Italian space agencies.

    Spaceborne Imaging Radar-C and X-Band Synthetic Aperture Radar (SIR-C/X-SAR) is part of NASA's Mission to Planet Earth. The radars illuminate Earth with microwaves allowing detailed observations at any time, regardless of weather or sunlight conditions. SIR-C/X-SAR uses three microwave wavelengths: L-band (24 cm), C-band (6 cm) and X-band (3 cm). The multi-frequency data will be used by the international scientific community to better understand the global environment and how it is changing. The SIR-C/X-SAR data, complemented by aircraft and ground studies, will give scientists clearer insights into those environmental changes which are caused by nature and those changes which are induced by human activity. SIR-C was developed by

  9. North American plate dynamics

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Richardson, Randall M.; Reding, Lynn M.

    1991-01-01

    Deformation within the North American plate in response to various tectonic processes is modeled using an elastic finite element analysis. The tectonic processes considered in the modeling include ridge forces associated with the normal thermal evolution of oceanic lithosphere, shear and normal stresses transmitted across transforms, normal stresses transmitted across convergent boundaries, stresses due to horizontal density contrasts within the continent, and shear tractions applied along the base of the plate. Model stresses are calculated with respect to a lithostatic reference stress state. Shear stresses transmitted across transform boundaries along the San Andreas and Caribbean are small, of the order of 5-10 MPa. Also, compressive stresses of the order of 5-10 MPa transmitted across the major transforms improve the fit to the data. Compressive stresses across convergent margins along the Aleutians and the Middle America trench are important.

  10. MOPITT Views North America

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2002-01-01

    Measurement of Pollution in the Troposphere, MOPITT, measures two important pollutants in the Earth's atmosphere-carbon monoxide (CO) and methane. This MOPITT image shows the relative amount of CO over North America from March 5-7, 2000. The animation (2.9MB) (high-res (5MB)) shows the global distribution of carbon monoxide. Industrial activity produced the large amount of CO present in the Northern Hemisphere, and brush fires in Central Africa created the plume of CO stretching from Africa over the Atlantic Ocean. For more information: MOPITT images through Visible Earth MOPITT Web Site at the Canadian Space Agency MOPITT Web Site at the University of Toronto Image courtesy of the MOPITT instrument team

  11. Phoenix Animation Looking North

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2008-01-01

    [figure removed for brevity, see original site] Click on image for animation

    This animation is a series of images, taken by NASA's Phoenix Mars Lander's Surface Stereo Imager, combined into a panoramic view looking north from the lander. The area depicted is beyond the immediate workspace of the lander and shows a system of polygons and troughs that connect with the ones Phoenix will be investigating in depth.

    The images were taken on sol 14 (June 8, 2008) or the 14th Martian day after landing.

    The Phoenix Mission is led by the University of Arizona, Tucson, on behalf of NASA. Project management of the mission is by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif. Spacecraft development is by Lockheed Martin Space Systems, Denver.

  12. NORTH ABSAROKA WILDERNESS, WYOMING.

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Nelson, Willis H.; Williams, Frank E.

    1984-01-01

    The North Absaroka Wilderness in Wyoming was studied to evaluate the resource potential of the area. The results of geologic field mapping, field inspection of claims and prospects, analyses of bedrock and stream-sediment samples, and an aeromagnetic survey indicate that a small area of geologic terrane with probable mineral-resource potential for silver, lead, and zinc is present on the northern edge of the wilderness. Bentonite, low-quality coal, and localized deposits of uranium and chromite have been produced from surrounding areas; but such deposits, if present in the wilderness, are probably too deeply buried, too small, or too sporadically distributed to be classed as resources. Copper and gold mines and prospects are present on the fringes of the wilderness, but otherwise the area seems to be devoid of concentrations of metallic minerals. No surface evidence of geothermal energy resources was found.

  13. Frosty North Polar Layers

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2003-01-01

    MGS MOC Release No. MOC2-349, 3 May 2003

    This Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) image is a springtime view of frost-covered layers revealed by an eroded scarp in the martian north polar cap. The layers are thought to consist of a mixture of dust, ice, and possibly sand. Some layers are known to be a source for dark sand that occurs in nearby dunes. During the summer, this surface would be considerably darker because most of the bright frost sublimes away during the spring season. The picture covers an area about 3 km (1.9 mi) wide near 85.2oN, 4.4oW. Sunlight illuminates the scene from the lower left.

  14. North Polar Layers

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2004-01-01

    3 December 2004 This Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) image shows an exposure of finely-detailed layers in the martian north polar region. The polar ice cap, which is made up of frozen water (whereas the south polar cap is mostly frozen carbon dioxide), is underlain by a thick sequence of layers. Some have speculated that these layers may record the history of changes in martian climate during the past few hundreds of millions of years. This picture is located near 86.0oN, 30.2oW, and covers an area approximately 3 km (1.9 mi) across. Sunlight illuminates the scene from the lower left.

  15. North Carolina surgical workforce trends.

    PubMed

    Poley, Stephanie T; Kasper, Elizabeth W; Walker, Elizabeth K; Lyons, Jessica C; Newkirk, Vann R; Thompson, Kristie

    2011-01-01

    Between 1997 and 2008, the number of general surgeons in North Carolina increased and shifted demographically, geographically, and by specialty. However, surgeon numbers--overall and by specialty--do not appear to have increased as quickly or to have shifted in the same ways as North Carolina's general population.

  16. French Expansion in North America.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jaenen, Cornelius J.

    2001-01-01

    Explores the French colonization in North America. Presents background information on New France, focusing on the French in Canada. Covers topics, such as how the French became interested in North American expansion, the French in Louisiana, colonial economics, and the reasons for the collapse of New France. Includes a bibliography. (CMK)

  17. North Korea: A Geographical Analysis.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Palka, Eugene J., Ed.; Galgano, Francis A., Ed.

    North Korea is a country about the size of the state of New York, inhabited by about 23 million people. It came into existence after the conclusion of World War II following decades of occupation of the Korean Peninsula by the Japanese empire. Dividing the peninsula into North and South Korea was the politically expedient solution to one of the…

  18. The North Pacific Gyre Mode

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schneider, N.; di Lorenzo, E.

    2007-12-01

    Discussion of North Pacific Decadal decadal variability has focused primarily on the Pacific Decadal Oscillation, the leading mode of sea surface temperature anomalies north of the tropics. The PDO appears to result from a superposition of SST pattern forced by the North Pacific atmosphere due to its intrinsic dynamics and teleconnected from the tropics, with a regional impact of the ocean circulation in the frontal regions associated with the Kuroshio/Oyashio and their extensions into the interior. Recent modeling, however, suggest that previously unexplained decadal changes of salinity, nutrient upwelling and chlorophyl in the California Current are not dominated by the PDO. Rather, these are associated with a mode of variability associated with wind driven changes of the North Pacific Gyre. Consideration of this mode variability may thus be important to understand present and future variations of the North Pacific ecosystem, and in the interpretation of climate proxies.

  19. 31 CFR 500.554 - Gifts of North Korean, North Vietnamese, Cambodian, or South Vietnamese origin.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Gifts of North Korean, North... § 500.554 Gifts of North Korean, North Vietnamese, Cambodian, or South Vietnamese origin. (a) Except as... importation of North Korean, North Vietnamese, Cambodian, or South Vietnamese origin goods sent as gifts...

  20. North Sea platforms revamped

    SciTech Connect

    O'Hare, J.

    1999-12-01

    Many of the early North Sea platforms are reaching their end-of-field life. Most are still equipped with their original drilling package. In a few cases the package has either been removed or decommissioned. The early installations were designed for much simpler and less demanding wells than the horizontal, extended-reach or designer wells common today. Extended-reach wells now can be drilled realistically from ageing platforms, without incurring massive capital expenditure. This can be achieved using the existing drilling package to the limit of its capabilities and supplementing where necessary with relatively minor upgrades or the use of temporary equipment. Drilling even a few more wells from existing platforms not only prolongs field life, it enables any surplus processing capacity to be made available to develop near-field potential with extended-reach drilling (ERD) or by tying back subsea satellite wells, or for processing third-party fluids. The paper describes well design, surface equipment, mud pumps, shakers and solids control equipment, drill cuttings disposal systems, derrick and hoisting system, top drive and drillstring, downhole equipment, well planning, casing wear, logistics, rig preparations, and ERD vs. subsea tie-backs.

  1. Blogging from North Pond

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Marziali, C. G.; Edwards, K. J.

    2009-12-01

    Sea going research expeditions provide an ideal opportunity for outreach through blogs: the finite duration limits the author's commitment; scientists are usually in a remote location with fewer distractions; and fieldwork is visual and interesting to describe. Over four weeks this winter, Katrina Edwards of USC authored a blog about her deep-sea drilling expedition to North Pond, a depression in the ocean crust in the mid-Atlantic. She emailed daily dispatches and photos to USC Media Relations, which maintained a (still accessible) blog. Written for the general public, the blog quickly attracted interest from lay readers as well as from media organizations. Scientific American carried the blog on its web site, and the National Science Foundation linked to it in its "Science 360" electronic news digest. The blog also led to a Q&A with Edwards in the widely-read "Behind the Scenes" feature of LiveScience. Interest from science bloggers and National Geographic towards the end suggests that the blog could have expanded its reach given more time: expeditions lasting between six weeks and three months, such as occur during ocean drilling expeditions, would appear to be ideal candidates for a blog. Most importantly, the blog educated readers about the importance to planetary life of what Edwards calls the "intraterrestrials": the countless microbes that inhabit the oceanic crust and influence major chemical and biological cycles. Considering that the subjects of the expedition were invisible critters in a pitch-dark place, the blog shows what can be accomplished by scientists and institutions committed to public outreach.

  2. North Nilosyrtis Mensae

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1999-01-01

    This Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) image was obtained during the first week of June 1999. It shows a portion of the Nilosyrtis Mensae region, located north of Syrtis Major and southwest of Utopia Planitia. This region is part of a planet-wide transition zone that separates the high, cratered terrain of the southern two thirds of Mars from the low, relatively uncratered northern plains. Old remnants of the cratered highlands are common in this transition zone, and they are usually in the form of mesas and buttes.

    The MOC image shows several low, flat-topped mesas. Although flat at large scale, their surfaces are quite rough and bumpy at smaller scales. Many of these bumps might be boulders, but the resolution of this particular image (4.5 meters--15 feet--per pixel) is not high enough to be certain. The lowlands surrounding the mesas are cracked and pitted--especially the darker surfaces on the right side of the image. The cause of the pitting is not known and can only be speculated upon (because the material removed from each pit is now gone). Possible origins for the pits include removal of dust or sand by wind and/or sublimation of ice from the near subsurface. The picture covers an area 3 kilometers (1.9 miles) wide and is illuminated from the left.

    Malin Space Science Systems and the California Institute of Technology built the MOC using spare hardware from the Mars Observer mission. MSSS operates the camera from its facilities in San Diego, CA. The Jet Propulsion Laboratory's Mars Surveyor Operations Project operates the Mars Global Surveyor spacecraft with its industrial partner, Lockheed Martin Astronautics, from facilities in Pasadena, CA and Denver, CO.

  3. North Atlantic Coastal Tidal Wetlands

    EPA Science Inventory

    The book chapter provides college instructors, researchers, graduate and advanced undergraduate students, and environmental consultants interested in wetlands with foundation information on the ecology and conservation concerns of North Atlantic coastal wetlands. The book c...

  4. North Atlantic Deep Water Formation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bennett, T. (Editor); Broecker, W. S. (Editor); Hansen, J. (Editor)

    1984-01-01

    Various studies concerning differing aspects of the North Atlantic are presented. The three major topics under which the works are classified include: (1) oceanography; (2) paleoclimate; and (3) ocean, ice and climate modeling.

  5. North American LNG Project Sourcebook

    SciTech Connect

    2007-06-15

    The report provides a status of the development of LNG Import Terminal projects in North America, and includes 1-2 page profiles of 63 LNG projects in North America which are either in operation, under construction, or under development. For each project, the sourcebook provides information on the following elements: project description, project ownership, project status, projected operation date, storage capacity, sendout capacity, and pipeline interconnection.

  6. Seismicity of California's north coast

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Bakun, W.H.

    2000-01-01

    At least three moment magnitude (M) 7 earthquakes occurred along California's north coast in the second half of the nineteenth century. The M 7.3 earthquake on 23 November 1873 occurred near the California-Oregon coast and likely was located on the Cascadia subduction zone or within the North American plate. The M 7.0 + earthquake on 9 May 1878 was located about 75 km offshore near the Mendocino fault. The surface-wave magnitude (M(s)) 7.0 earthquake on 16 April 1899 was located about 150 km offshore within the Gorda plate. There were at least three M 7 north-coast earthquakes in the 35 years before 1906, two M 7 earthquakes in the 20 years after 1906, no M 7 earthquakes from 1923 until 1980, and four M 7 earthquakes since 1980. The relative seismic quiescence after 1906 for M 7 earthquakes along California's north coast mimics the post-1906 seismic quiescence in the San Francisco Bay area for M 6 earthquakes. The post-1906 relative quiescence did not extend to lower magnitudes in either area. The 18 April 1906 earthquake apparently influenced the rate of occurrence of M 7 north-coast earthquakes as it apparently influenced the rate of M 6 earthquakes in the San Francisco Bay area. The relative seismic quiescence along the California north-coast region after 1906 should be taken into account when evaluating seismic hazards in northwest California.

  7. Serious Games: Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency: An Interview with Innovation Information Office Program Manager CAPT Russell Shilling, PhD.

    PubMed

    2012-04-01

    Dr. Shilling received his Doctor of Philosophy in Experimental Psychology (Auditory Psychophysics/Neuroscience) from the University of North Carolina at Greensboro in 1992 and his Bachelor of Arts in Psychology at Wake Forest University in 1985. In 1993 he graduated with top honors from Aerospace Experimental Psychologist training-Naval Flight Surgeon Class 93002. In 1996, he served as an Assistant/Associate Professor at the U.S. Air Force Academy in the Department of Behavioral Sciences and Leadership. In 2000, he arrived at the Naval Postgraduate School as an Associate Professor in the Operations Research and Systems Engineering Departments and became Technical Director for Immersive Technologies in the Modeling, Virtual Environments, and Simulation Institute. His military decorations include the Defense Superior Service Medal, Meritorious Service Medal (three awards), the Navy Commendation Medal, and the Navy Achievement Medal. He is also the recipient of the American Hospital Association's 2009 Executive Award for Excellence.

  8. North side of building Fitzsimons General Hospital, Civilian Employee ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    North side of building - Fitzsimons General Hospital, Civilian Employee Housing, North end of North Hickey Street, 725 feet North-Northwest of intersection of North Hickey Street & West Loosley Avenue, Aurora, Adams County, CO

  9. Rear (north side) and west side of building. Fitzsimons ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Rear (north side) and west side of building. - Fitzsimons General Hospital, Civilian Employee Garage, North end of North Hickey Street, 775 feet North-Northwest of intersection of North Hickey Street & West Loosley Avenue, Aurora, Adams County, CO

  10. Globalization and medical tourism: the North American experience Comment on "Patient mobility in the global marketplace: a multidisciplinary perspective".

    PubMed

    Bustamante, Arturo Vargas

    2014-06-01

    Neil Lunt and Russel Mannion provide an overview of the current state of the medical tourism literature and propose areas for future research in health policy and management. The authors also identify the main unanswered questions in this field ranging from the real size of the medical tourism market to the particular health profiles of transnational patients. In addition, they highlight unexplored areas of research from health economics, ethics, policy and management perspectives. To this very insightful editorial I would add the international trade perspective. While globalization has permeated labor and capital, services such as healthcare are still highly regulated by governments, constrained to regional or national borders and protected by organized interests. Heterogeneity of healthcare regulations and lack of cross-country reciprocity agreements act as barriers to the development of more widespread and dynamic medical tourism markets. To picture these barriers to transnational health services I use evidence from North America, identifying different "pull and push factors" for medical tourist in this region, discussing how economic integration and healthcare reform might shift the incentives to utilize healthcare abroad. PMID:24987723

  11. Globalization and medical tourism: the North American experience Comment on "Patient mobility in the global marketplace: a multidisciplinary perspective"

    PubMed Central

    Bustamante, Arturo Vargas

    2014-01-01

    Neil Lunt and Russel Mannion provide an overview of the current state of the medical tourism literature and propose areas for future research in health policy and management. The authors also identify the main unanswered questions in this field ranging from the real size of the medical tourism market to the particular health profiles of transnational patients. In addition, they highlight unexplored areas of research from health economics, ethics, policy and management perspectives. To this very insightful editorial I would add the international trade perspective. While globalization has permeated labor and capital, services such as healthcare are still highly regulated by governments, constrained to regional or national borders and protected by organized interests. Heterogeneity of healthcare regulations and lack of cross-country reciprocity agreements act as barriers to the development of more widespread and dynamic medical tourism markets. To picture these barriers to transnational health services I use evidence from North America, identifying different "pull and push factors" for medical tourist in this region, discussing how economic integration and healthcare reform might shift the incentives to utilize healthcare abroad. PMID:24987723

  12. Globalization and medical tourism: the North American experience Comment on "Patient mobility in the global marketplace: a multidisciplinary perspective".

    PubMed

    Bustamante, Arturo Vargas

    2014-06-01

    Neil Lunt and Russel Mannion provide an overview of the current state of the medical tourism literature and propose areas for future research in health policy and management. The authors also identify the main unanswered questions in this field ranging from the real size of the medical tourism market to the particular health profiles of transnational patients. In addition, they highlight unexplored areas of research from health economics, ethics, policy and management perspectives. To this very insightful editorial I would add the international trade perspective. While globalization has permeated labor and capital, services such as healthcare are still highly regulated by governments, constrained to regional or national borders and protected by organized interests. Heterogeneity of healthcare regulations and lack of cross-country reciprocity agreements act as barriers to the development of more widespread and dynamic medical tourism markets. To picture these barriers to transnational health services I use evidence from North America, identifying different "pull and push factors" for medical tourist in this region, discussing how economic integration and healthcare reform might shift the incentives to utilize healthcare abroad.

  13. 1. VIEW, LOOKING NORTH, NORTH OF PORTAL 1, JUST INSIDE ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. VIEW, LOOKING NORTH, NORTH OF PORTAL 1, JUST INSIDE THE PROTECTED AREA. ON THE LEFT SIDE OF THE PHOTOGRAPH IS BUILDING 709, THE COOLING TOWER FOR BUILDING 707, AND BEHIND BUILDING 709 IS BUILDING 707, THE NEWEST OF THE PLUTONIUM FABRICATION BUILDINGS. IN THE RIGHT FOREGROUND IS BUILDING 763, A BREEZEWAY FOR PEDESTRIANS. IN THE FAR LEFT OF THE PHOTOGRAPH ARE THE T750 TRAILERS AND BUILDING 750, THE PRODUCTION SUPPORT ENGINEERING FACILITY. - Rocky Flats Plant, Bounded by Indiana Street & Routes 93, 128 & 72, Golden, Jefferson County, CO

  14. NorthEast view; Mechanical Building, south and west elevations North ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    North-East view; Mechanical Building, south and west elevations - North Philadelphia Station, Mechanical Building, 2900 North Broad Street, on northwest corner of Broad Street & Glenwood Avenue, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA

  15. GENERAL VIEW OF NORTH VEHICLE ACCESS PLATFORMS, HB3, FACING NORTH ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    GENERAL VIEW OF NORTH VEHICLE ACCESS PLATFORMS, HB-3, FACING NORTH TOWARDS FLOOR - Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Launch Complex 39, Vehicle Assembly Building, VAB Road, East of Kennedy Parkway North, Cape Canaveral, Brevard County, FL

  16. North American XP-51 Mustang

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1941-01-01

    North American XP-51 Mustang: This is the North American XP-51 Mustang shortly after it arrived for NACA trials in December 1941. Built as the fourth Mustang, it was diverted from RAF production for U. S. Army use. The prewar polished metal finish would soon be covered in camouflage paint. Extensive flight tests were made on this aircraft at Langley. In the past few years, this particular aircraft has been restored to flight status by the Experimental Aircraft Association, and may be seen at their museum at Oshkosh, Wisconsin.

  17. The North Korean nuclear dilemma.

    SciTech Connect

    Hecker, Siegfried S.

    2004-01-01

    The current nuclear crisis, the second one in ten years, erupted when North Korea expelled international nuclear inspectors in December 2002, then withdrew from the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT), and claimed to be building more nuclear weapons with the plutonium extracted from the spent fuel rods heretofore stored under international inspection. These actions were triggered by a disagreement over U.S. assertions that North Korea had violated the Agreed Framework (which froze the plutonium path to nuclear weapons to end the first crisis in 1994) by clandestinely developing uranium enrichment capabilities providing an alternative path to nuclear weapons. With Stanford University Professor John Lewis and three other Americans, I was allowed to visit the Yongbyon Nuclear Center on Jan. 8, 2004. We toured the 5 MWe reactor, the 50 MWe reactor construction site, the spent fuel pool storage building, and the radiochemical laboratory. We concluded that North Korea has restarted its 5 MWe reactor (which produces roughly 6 kg of plutonium annually), it removed the 8000 spent fuel rods that were previously stored under IAEA safeguards from the spent fuel pool, and that it most likely extracted the 25 to 30 kg of plutonium contained in these fuel rods. Although North Korean officials showed us what they claimed was their plutonium metal product from this reprocessing campaign, we were not able to conclude definitively that it was in fact plutonium metal and that it came from the most recent reprocessing campaign. Nevertheless, our North Korean hosts demonstrated that they had the capability, the facility and requisite capacity, and the technical expertise to produce plutonium metal. On the basis of our visit, we were not able to address the issue of whether or not North Korea had a 'deterrent' as claimed - that is, we were not able to conclude that North Korea can build a nuclear device and that it can integrate nuclear devices into suitable delivery systems. However

  18. Coaching Education in North America.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sawyer, Tom, Ed.

    1992-01-01

    Because of increasingly large numbers of nonteacher elementary and secondary coaches, there is concern about the effect on participants and on the future of athletics. Nine articles highlight five North American national coaching education programs, three states with secondary coaching education programs, and a directory of U.S. sport…

  19. Schools & Taxes in North Carolina.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Levin, Betsy; And Others

    This report is one of a series on education finance undertaken to document existing disparities in expenditures for education, to analyze the sources of the disparities, and to describe and evaluate the gains and losses that would occur in differing types of school districts under alternative fiscal policies. This study shows that North Carolina's…

  20. The Flooding of North America.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lennert, James W.

    1986-01-01

    Describes a game, designed for use with primary grade level children, which uses a raised plastic relief map of North America to demonstrate the effect of a rising sea level in order to help the students focus on the variety and location of elevation changes in Canada and the northern United States. (JDH)