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Sample records for adult esl students

  1. The Importance of Helping Adult ESL Students Set Goals.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bello, Tom

    This paper asserts that helping students to clarify and commit to realizable learning goals increases learner motivation and retention. It is recommended that any adult English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) teacher should do some sort of "goals work" with their students and that program-wide strategies to address learner motivation and retention be…

  2. Addressing Reticence: The Challenge of Engaging Reluctant Adult ESL Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carter, Steven J.; Henrichsen, Lynn E.

    2015-01-01

    Reticence frequently prevents adult ESL learners from learning as much as they otherwise might. The nature of second-language learning requires frequent performance that may challenge students' self-concepts, leading to reticence and self-consciousness. To reduce or prevent this problem, teachers must employ appropriate pedagogical and classroom…

  3. Adult ESL Instruction: A Challenge and a Pleasure. An Orientation Guide for Adult ESL Teachers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guglielmino, Lucy M.; Burrichter, Arthur W.

    This guide, written in narrative format by several adult English as a second language (ESL) experts, presents an overview of ESL instruction. The manual is organized in six sections. The first section, an introduction to ESL, contains definitions, describes adult ESL students, and provides tips for new ESL teachers. The second section sketches a…

  4. A Taste of English: Nutrition Workbook for Adult ESL Students. Teacher's Manual.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Association of Farmworker Opportunity Program, Arlington, VA.

    This workbook introduces basic concepts of nutrition and health to beginning adult students of English as a Second Language (ESL). The text may also be adapted for use with new readers. It is intended as a supplement to existing instructional materials. An introductory section offers teachers suggestions for use of the text and notes on the design…

  5. Pathways & Outcomes: Tracking ESL Student Performance. A Longitudinal Study of Adult ESL Service at City College of San Francisco

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spurling, Steven; Seymour, Sharon; Chisman, Forrest P.

    2008-01-01

    This report presents the findings of a longitudinal study of English as a Second Language (ESL) students at the City College of San Francisco (CCSF) conducted during the summer of 2007. The study used College records to track all students who first enrolled in CCSF's credit and non-credit ESL programs in 1998, 1999, and 2000 for seven years …

  6. Approaching the Needs of Adult Illiterate ESL Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shank, Cathy C.

    A review of literature on the learning processes and potential of adult students of English as a Second Language, not literate in their native language, looks at research in the following areas: (1) the differences between children and adults in language learning; (2) the effects of previous formal education on second language learning; (3) the…

  7. A Cross-Cultural Study of Adult English as a Second Language (ESL) Students: Cultural Differences and Instructional Strategy Preferences

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tan, Fujuan

    2010-01-01

    Adult education literature generally acknowledges the appropriateness of the incorporation of instructional strategies that stress students' prior experience. Whether this appropriateness applies to students from diverse cultural backgrounds, such as adult students in ESL programs, is not clear. Based on the assumption that students from different…

  8. An Adult ESL Curriculum.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    South Carolina Literacy Resource Center, Columbia.

    This curriculum framework for adult literacy was written by 21 South Carolina adult English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) instructors, as submitted to the South Carolina Literacy Resource Center. It is based on current theories in the fields of adult education and second language acquisition and is designed to be flexible so that it may be adapted to…

  9. LifePrints 3: ESL for Adults. Teacher's Edition; Teacher's Resource File; [Student Book].

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Newman, Christy M.; And Others

    Materials for adult English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) instruction are presented. They are designed to enable adult ESL learners with limited oral and/or written competence in English to handle most everyday survival, social, family, and job-related situations independently, using oral and written English. Stage 3 materials, presented here, are…

  10. Life Prints 2: ESL for Adults. Teacher's Edition; Teacher's Resource File; [Student Book].

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Newman, Christy M.; And Others

    Materials for adult English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) instruction are presented. They are designed to enable adult ESL learners with limited oral and/or written competence in English to handle most everyday survival, social, family, and job-related situations independently, using oral and written English. Stage 2 materials, presented here, are…

  11. Training Project for Teachers of Adult ESL Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lydon, James

    This coordinator's report and training manual are materials from a teacher training project for teachers of English to adult speakers of other languages in state-funded adult education programs in central New Jersey. The 14-page report is a personal narrative with no supporting documentation. It covers objectives, the project's educational…

  12. Metacognitive Awareness and Strategy Use in Academic English Reading among Adult English as a Second Language (ESL) Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Iwai, Yuko

    2009-01-01

    This mixed method research study explored the role of metacognitive awareness in reading among adult English as a Second Language (ESL) students of various academic levels enrolled in a university in the southeastern part of the United States of America while engaged in academic reading. In addition, this study examined metacognitive reading…

  13. Science Education and ESL Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Allen, Heather; Park, Soonhye

    2011-01-01

    The number of students who learn English as a second language (ESL) in U.S. schools has grown significantly in the past decade. This segment of the student population increased by 56% between the 1994-95 and 2004-05 school years (NCLR 2007). As the ESL student population increases, many science teachers struggle to tailor instructional materials,…

  14. Reflections on Native Language Use in Adult ESL Classrooms

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Huerta-Macias, Ana; Kephart, Kerrie

    2009-01-01

    This paper explores the issue of native language (L1) use in adult English-as-a-second-language (ESL) classes, re-examining the belief that use of the students' L1 is detrimental to target language learning. We discuss research that (a) documents language use in several adult ESL classes in the U.S.-Mexico Borderlands, and (b) presents survey…

  15. Promoting Discussions in ESL Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Navarro, Ann

    2010-01-01

    Background: Teachers who work with English as a Second Language (ESL) students, struggle with promoting discussion during guided reading. When ESL students are asked comprehension questions during group discussions and throughout the reading of a book, often teachers receive minimal feedback. Purpose: The purpose of this research is to identify…

  16. Organizing ESL Students for Social Change.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stern, Hilary

    A teacher of English as a Second Language (ESL) to adult migrant workers from Central America describes the evolution of her efforts to create a sense of community within the classroom and Latino center and to empower students to bring about social change in the long term. While students were pressuring the teacher to teach grammar, the teacher…

  17. TECFORS, A Newsletter for Instructors of Writing and Reading to ESL and Bi-Lingual Adult Students. Volume 8, 1985.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    TECFORS, 1985

    1985-01-01

    Numbers 1 through 5 of the 1985 TECFORS newsletter include these articles: "Working with the E.S.L. and the Developmental Student in the Same Classroom" (Dorothy Farris Findlen); "Academic Writing Standards: A Questionnaire" (Ann M. Johns); "ESL for the Deaf: Part I, the Importance of the First Language" (D. Steinbach); "A Plan to Make Correcting…

  18. Measuring ESL Students' Awareness of Reading Strategies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mokharti, Kouider; Sheorey, Ravi

    2002-01-01

    Describes the Survey of Reading Strategies (SORS) instrument, which is intended to measure adolescent and adult ESL students' metacognitive awareness and perceived use of reading strategies while reading academic materials such as textbooks. Discusses the development of SORS and offers guidance for using it as a means of raising learner awareness…

  19. Interethnic Relations between ESL Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kobayashi, Yoko

    2006-01-01

    This study is part of a larger investigation into Japanese students' use of English and friendship buildup inside and outside Canadian English as a second language (ESL) institutes. Both qualitative and quantitative data were garnered primarily from formal in-depth interviews with nine Japanese students and questionnaire surveys with 216 students.…

  20. Teaching Vocabulary to ESL Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McBain, Robert

    2011-01-01

    This paper looks at the ways in which vocabulary is taught and in particular what important learning points ESL students should know in order to understand new vocabulary words. It also discusses various ideas of how teachers could teach vocabulary. It highlights the importance of a theory that states there are 3 key stages that students progress…

  1. Standards for Adult Education ESL Programs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    TESOL Press, 2013

    2013-01-01

    What are the components of a quality education ESL program? TESOL's "Standards for Adult Education ESL Programs" answers this question by defining quality components from a national perspective. Using program indicators in eight distinct areas, the standards can be used to review an existing program or as a guide in setting up a new…

  2. Teaching Paraphrasing to ESL Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Odean, Patricia M.

    1987-01-01

    Students of English as a Second Language (ESL) in an academic program must be able to write paraphrases, but they often lack strategies for accomplishing this complex task successfully. The process requires skill in reading, comprehension, analysis, selection of new structures and vocabulary, and integration into a written product. Paraphrases…

  3. ESL Students' Attitudes toward Punctuation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hirvela, Alan; Nussbaum, Alexander; Pierson, Herbert

    2012-01-01

    Punctuation is a surprisingly underexplored area of second language writing and learning. The small body of published literature about punctuation tends to look at ways in which punctuation can be taught. Little is known, except anecdotally, about how English as a second language (ESL) students actually feel about using English punctuation,…

  4. Writing Together: Building Community through Learner Stories in Adult ESL

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wood, Katherine

    2011-01-01

    Interrupted formal education is a barrier that makes learning English as an adult an extremely challenging commitment. Besides the many work and family responsibilities that most adult English as a second language (ESL) learners face, students with interrupted formal education (SIFE) often lack familiarity with school-based skills and typical…

  5. Adult ESL: Politics, Pedagogy, and Participation in Classroom and Community Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smoke, Trudy, Ed.

    The collection of essays on the politics of adult English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) instruction includes: "The Politics of Adult ESL literacy: Becoming Politically Visible" (Pamela Ferguson); "Learning To Be Legal: Unintended Meanings for Adult Schools" (Pia Moriarty); "The Relationship Between Knowing Our Students' Real Needs and Effective…

  6. Literacy to Aurality/Orality in an Adult Japanese ESL Student: A Case Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Biro, Jan E.

    A study examined the factors shaping English language education within the Japanese public education system and the attitudes of Japanese learners toward the pronunciation of English, first in an overview and then within the context of a case study of an adult Japanese student. The first section discusses the status and instruction of English in…

  7. TECFORS, A Newsletter for Instructors of Writing and Reading to ESL and Bi-Lingual Adult Students. Volume 5, 1982.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    TECFORS, 1982

    1982-01-01

    Numbers 1 through 5 of the 1982 TECFORS newsletter include these articles: "A Comprehensive ESL Reading Program" (Carol Qazi); "The Purpose of the Passive" (Virginia French Allen); "'Standards' Seconded" (Timothy H. Robinson); "Vocabulary and the College-Bound International Student" (Parts 1-3) (Kerry Segel); "Using Invention Heuristics to Teach…

  8. Adult ESL Suggested Materials List.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Di Gerlando, Rose; And Others

    This annotated bibliography lists print, non-print, and organizational resources for use by directors and teachers of English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) programs. Citations are presented in three sections: (1) General Purpose ESL; (2) English for Specific Purposes; and (3) Teacher Resources. The first section lists basic texts and integrated…

  9. Transitioning Adult ESL Learners to Academic Programs. ERIC Digest.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rance-Roney, Judith

    Few of the English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) participants in adult education classes move on to academic ESL programs that prepare them for content area study or general educational development (GED) or high school equivalency instruction. The ESL literacy curriculum is currently mismatched with GED and academic ESL curricula in purpose, content,…

  10. Linking Science and Literature for ESL Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hadaway, Nancy L.; Vardell, Sylvia M.; Young, Terrell A.

    2002-01-01

    Discusses the use of children's literature for ESL (English as a second language) students to support science instruction. Highlights include choosing and using nonfiction literature; using topics or themes to connect language learning and content; choosing science literature for ESL students; and an annotated bibliography with grade level…

  11. ESL Students' Opinions about Instruction in Pronunciation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Madden, Matt; Moore, Zena

    1997-01-01

    A study investigated the attitudes of learners of English as a Second Language (ESL) concerning pronunciation as a part of their language learning experience. It also examined differences across gender, native languages, and majors. Subjects were 49 intermediate-level ESL students at a large university, approximately half of them male and half…

  12. ESL Library Skills: An Information Literacy Program for Adults with Low Levels of English Literacy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Macdonald, Katrina

    2008-01-01

    This paper introduces the ESL Information Literacy Project (ESLILP) at the University of Ballarat. It describes the development, implementation and evaluation of a library orientation course designed in a TAFE context for adult, non-academic students who speak English as a Second Language (ESL). The paper seeks to raise awareness of an apparent…

  13. Tailoring Composition Classes to ESL Students' Needs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schlumberger, Ann; Clymer, Diane

    1989-01-01

    Presents suggestions for composition teachers who have ESL students and no formal training in teaching English as a second language. Provides 25-item bibliography on curriculum design, current papers, cultural aspects of writing, and reading. (RAE)

  14. Learning Disabilities and the Acquisition of English Language Skills in the Adult ESL Population: A Demonstration Project.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Learning Disabilities Association, Minneapolis, MN.

    A demonstration project designed to improve identification and instruction of adult learners of English as a Second Language (ESL) with learning disabilities is reported. Of 50 students, most older adults, in two ESL classes, 13 students were referred for further assessment and specialized instruction from a learning disabilities specialist.…

  15. Investigating ESL Students' Academic Performance in Tenses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Javed, Muhammad; Ahmad, Atezaz

    2013-01-01

    The present study intends to assess the ESL students' performance in tenses at secondary school level. Grade 10 students were the target population of the study. A sample of 396 students (255 male and 141 female) was selected through convenience sampling technique from the District of Bahawalnagar, Pakistan. A test focusing on five different types…

  16. ESL Student Perspectives on University Classroom Testing Practices

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Teemant, Annela

    2010-01-01

    ESL students struggle to represent accurately on tests what they know. Understanding what constitutes equitable testing practices in university settings for ESL students poses a significant challenge to educators. This study reports on the content analysis of semi-structured interview data obtained from 13 university-level ESL students on their…

  17. Unexpected Poor Comprehenders among Adolescent ESL Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Li, Miao; Kirby, John R.

    2014-01-01

    This study explored characteristics of reading comprehension difficulties among Chinese students learning English as a second language (ESL). Two hundred forty-six Grade 8 English-immersion students in China were administered a battery of reading-related and reading comprehension tests. Three groups of comprehenders matched on age, nonverbal…

  18. Teaching Library Research Skills to ESL Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thompson, Susan N.

    The materials included in this presentations consist of information about a program to teach library research skills to Japanese university students of English as a Second Language (ESL) studying in the United States and student worksheets for use in the program. The program, instituted at Mukogawa Fort Wright Institute (Washington), is designed…

  19. Training Using Technology in the Adult ESL Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McClanahan, Lorna

    2014-01-01

    In this article I discuss two reasons for the slow adoption of technology as an instructional tool in adult English as a Second Language (ESL) education. I outline recent facts about the relationships between today's adult ESL learners and technology, and then construct a background of theoretical support in favor of integrating technology in…

  20. Using Music in the Adult ESL Classroom. ERIC Digest.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lems, Kristen

    Music can be used in the adult English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) classroom to create a learning environment; to build listening comprehension, speaking, reading, and writing skills; to increase vocabulary; and to expand cultural knowledge. This digest looks briefly at research and offers strategies for using music in the adult ESL classroom.…

  1. Empower ESL Writing Students: Keep It Simple

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Francisco, Janet

    2014-01-01

    This case study started when I noticed that my ESL (English as a Second Language) students from all over the world had a hard time not only adjusting their writing/textual production to the language but also to the organizational structures of the paragraph I was presenting to them in my intermediate writing class. Considering that my students…

  2. What To Do in Composition Classes When You Have ESL Students and No ESL Expertise.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schlumberger, Ann; Clymer, Diane

    While the populations of students learning writing in English as a second language (ESL) are diverse and have widely varying needs, three general recommendations to nonspecialist teachers of ESL pupils are to: (1) organize courses according to thematic unity; (2) limit the number of formal, polished essays assigned; and (3) encourage students to…

  3. Preparing ESL Students for "Real" College Writing: A Glimpse of Common Writing Tasks ESL Students Encounter at One Community College

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carroll, Julia; Dunkelblau, Helene

    2011-01-01

    The relevance of English as a Second Language (ESL) courses to the "real world" of college writing is an ongoing issue for those who teach ESL. Ideally, ESL composition classes should help students make connections between what they learn about writing and the ways they might need to write later on in their academic careers. Unfortunately, as with…

  4. Improving Reading and Writing Skills of Mainstreamed ESL Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rominski, Carolyn; Vazquez, Magdalena

    A program designed to support English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) students' achievement when mainstreamed into eighth grade literature and composition classes is described. The approach was implemented in a suburban school, in which some ESL students lacked the skills to achieve at grade level in regular composition and literature classes. A high…

  5. The Relationship between Instructor Feedback and ESL Student Anxiety

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Di Loreto, Sabrina; McDonough, Kim

    2013-01-01

    This correlational study, conducted in intermediate English as a second language (ESL) high school classes in Quebec, investigated the relationship between instructor feedback and student anxiety. The participants were 53 ESL students in their last year of secondary school who were required to take an integrative-writing exam as part of their…

  6. Problematizing the Hybrid Classroom for ESL/EFL Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harrington, Anna M.

    2010-01-01

    Hybrid courses--which replace 20%-80% of class meetings with online activities--are predicted to increase as educators embrace the benefits of blending online technologies with face-to-face class meetings. Also expected to increase are enrollments of ESL/EFL students. As these growth trends intersect, an increased number of ESL/EFL students are…

  7. ESL Students in the Disciplines: Negotiating the Professional Program Track

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Becket, Diana; Benander, Ruth; Kumar, Rita

    2007-01-01

    The authors report on three case studies of ESL students who are taking courses to enter professional programs. The goal of the study reported in this article is to examine ESL students' language and general academic performance in content-area classes at one open-access college of a large midwestern university. The authors were particularly…

  8. ESL Adult Literacy, Vol. 1, Nos. 1 (November) and 2 (May), 1986-87.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    ESL Adult Literacy, 1987

    1987-01-01

    Articles in these two issues of the newsletter on teaching adult literacy in English as a Second Language (ESL) address the following topics: (1) the definition of literacy; (2) the development of learning skills in students parallel to the language skills learned; (3) multiple literacy in a Thai refugee camp; (4) confusion resulting from more…

  9. English as a Second Language (ESL) Learning Communities: An Approach to Retaining ESL Students in a Community College

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Booth, Nancy B.

    2009-01-01

    This study explores an English as a Second Language (ESL) Introduction to Psychology Learning Community (ESL-IPLC) as an approach to retaining ESL students in a community college. Retention is a problem in all higher education settings, but is especially important for community colleges because of their "open door" policy. Community colleges…

  10. Gender Differences in Reading Strategy Use among ESL College Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Poole, Alexander

    2005-01-01

    The use of a complex battery of reading strategies has been found to be obligatory for those English as a Second Language (ESL) students desirous of a high level of English language literacy and success in US academic institutions. Even though we know of the importance of reading strategies, little research exists on whether or not ESL males and…

  11. Contrasting Technology Integration and Traditional Methodology in Adult ESL Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kinser, Jeong-Lan

    2006-01-01

    The usage of technology in adult ESL classrooms needs to be examined as it is creating new opportunities and added challenges. The purpose of the study was to explore how technology was being used in such environment and what factors contributed as supports or hindrances to technology use. Interviews, questionnaires, and observations were used to…

  12. Poetry in the Adult ESL Classroom. ERIC Digest.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peyton, Joy Kreeft; Rigg, Pat

    Poetry can be used in the adult English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) classroom with all learners, even those with limited literacy and proficiency in English. Learners can read, discuss, and write about poems and how they speak to their lives. They can create poems of their own to express their feelings, thoughts, or beliefs. This digest suggests…

  13. Philosophies and Approaches in Adult ESL Literacy Instruction. ERIC Digest.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peyton, Joy; Crandall, JoAnn

    Five approaches currently used in adult English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) literacy instruction are described. A group of strategies developed by Paulo Freire are participatory or learner-centered, and revolve around the discussion of issues drawn from learners' real-life experiences. The Whole Language Approach, more than a specific method or…

  14. Teaching Low-Level Adult ESL Learners. ERIC Digest.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Holt, Grace Massey

    In recent years, the English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) teaching profession has made discoveries about teaching beginning or low-level adult learners (those with little or no schooling in their native languages, learners who may not be familiar with the Roman alphabet, those with learning disabilities, and those literate in their native languages…

  15. Washington State Adult Refugee Project Preliterate ESL Curriculum.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boon, Rebecca; And Others

    A guide to designing a curriculum in English as a second language (ESL) for adult, preliterate, limited-English-speaking refugees gives some general suggestions for teaching this group and outlines curricula for three levels of proficiency. Each lesson lists specific objectives, functions, activities, topics, expressions, structures, resources,…

  16. Training Adult ESL Learners in Metacognitive Reading Strategies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Huang, Jiuhan; Nisbet, Deanna

    2012-01-01

    This article is written as a practical guide to aid teachers in metacognitive reading strategy instruction. The nature of metacognitive strategies is explored, followed by specific procedures for implementing effective metacognitive strategy instruction in the adult ESL classroom. Chamot and O'Malley's (1994) five-phase strategy instruction…

  17. Experiential Training: Connecting School Counselors-in-Training, English as a Second Language (ESL) Teachers, and ESL Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burnham, Joy J.; Mantero, Miguel; Hooper, Lisa M.

    2009-01-01

    English as a second language (ESL) students present challenges to counselors who are unaccustomed to working with students who speak limited English. A field experience prepared school counselors-in-training to develop cultural sensitivity while working with ESL teachers and students. The counselors suggested that early experiential learning…

  18. Advanced ESL Students' Prior EFL Education and Their Perceptions of Oral Corrective Feedback

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, Eun Jeong

    2016-01-01

    The author in this study examines how advanced-level adult English as a Second Language (ESL) students' previous English as a Foreign Language (EFL) classroom experiences influence their perceptions of their teachers' oral corrective feedback (CF). It uses in-depth qualitative data to characterize the participants' prior English learning, and to…

  19. Teaching English as a Second Language (ESL) to Adults: State-of-the-Art.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Longfield, Diane M.

    Although English-as-a-second-language (ESL) practitioners are generally making good progress in teaching listening and speaking skills, the entire area of teaching literacy skills to ESL students is barely in the formative stage. The teaching of ESL is further complicated when students are not only lacking in English literacy skills but are also…

  20. An Investigation of How ESL Students Write.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Raimes, Ann

    A study is described which investigated the differences between English-as-a-second-language (ESL) writers and native-English-speaking writers and examined closely a range of ESL writers and their composing processes. The procedures used were those used by Sondra Perl in a study of the composing processes of unskilled college writers (1979).…

  1. Transcultural Education Model. A Guide for Developing Transitional ESL/LEP and Bilingual Programs Kindergarten through Adult Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Donaldson, Judy P.

    The Transcultural Education Model presents a unified working model for teaching limited English proficient, English-as-Second-Language (ESL), or English-as-Second-Language transcultural (ESLT) students to read, write, and speak English. The model is designed for students and teachers in elementary, secondary, and adult schools. The model is…

  2. The Effects of Academic Skills on Chinese ESL Students' Lecture Comprehension

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Huang, Jinyan

    2006-01-01

    Research with ESL students has begun to show that Chinese students experience particular challenges in English academic listening. This study focuses on their challenges as reported by Chinese ESL students in understanding English lectures. Seventy-eight Chinese ESL students at an American university participated in this study. This paper focuses…

  3. Professional Development and Instruction for Teachers of ESL Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fradi, Najat

    2012-01-01

    The demographics of the American K-12 student body population have changed and include a growing number of students with limited English proficiency (LEP). These students require special instruction, but the prevalence of specialized English as Second Language (ESL) teachers is in short supply. This shortage has lead to general education teachers-…

  4. Don't Throw It Away: Junk Mail in the Adult ESL Class.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    verDorn, Bethea J.

    An experimental class program using "junk mail" in adult instruction in English as a second language (ESL) is described. Junk mail was found useful in filling three interrelated areas of need in adult ESL programs: (1) the need for easily accessible, adaptable adult learning material; (2) the need for personalization and individualization in the…

  5. Extending Learning: Reading Packets for ESL Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bourret, Chris

    2009-01-01

    The article describes how the author explores the use of out-of-school "reading packets" as a new learning option for adult English for Speakers of Other Languages (ESOL) students. Since their spring 2008 debut, take-home packets have evolved into folders of pleasurable reading materials that high-beginner and intermediate ESOL students explore…

  6. Working toward Literacy in Correctional Education ESL

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gardner, Susanne

    2014-01-01

    Correctional Education English as a Second Language (ESL) literacy programs vary from state to state, region to region. Some states enroll their correctional ESL students in adult basic education (ABE) classes; other states have separate classes and programs. At the Maryland Correctional Institution in Jessup, the ESL class is a self-contained…

  7. Investigating ESL Students' Performance on Outcomes Assessments in Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lakin, Joni M.; Elliott, Diane Cardenas; Liu, Ou Lydia

    2012-01-01

    Outcomes assessments are gaining great attention in higher education because of increased demand for accountability. These assessments are widely used by U.S. higher education institutions to measure students' college-level knowledge and skills, including students who speak English as a second language (ESL). For the past decade, the increasing…

  8. Identifying Gaps in Academic Writing of ESL Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Giridharan, Beena

    2012-01-01

    There is growing evidence that the lack of competence of university ESL (English as a second language) students in academic writing affects their overall academic performance. Olivas and Li (2006) connected low second-language proficiency levels in English to poor academic performance of international students studying at both university and…

  9. Reflections on Teaching Social Studies to ESL Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McBain, Robert

    2011-01-01

    The study of social studies is an important subject especially if ESL students are to understand the world around them. To study social studies effectively students often need to read texts which are most often at a level only written for native speakers which can be daunting at times and this can often turn into a tedious task but also that they…

  10. Intercultural Orientation Activities for International ESL Students: 50 Module Lessons.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Villarreal, Linda

    Fifty modules are presented for increasing the cultural and linguistic fluency of English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) students by integrating cultural awareness activities with language practice. The modules are intended for international students at an intermediate language level; they can, however, be used or adapted for beginning or advanced…

  11. Teachers' and Students' Beliefs about Responding to ESL Writing: A Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Diab, Rula L.

    2005-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate ESL instructors' feedback techniques and the rationales behind these techniques, to explore ESL students' beliefs about the relative effectiveness of various types of feedback, and to compare students' beliefs with those of their instructors. A university-level ESL instructor and two of her students…

  12. The Relationship between Reading Proficiency and Reading Strategy Use: A Study of Adult ESL Learners

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Huang, Jiuhan; Nisbet, Deanna

    2014-01-01

    This article explores the relationship between reading strategy use and reading proficiency among 121 adult ESL learners. Reading strategy use was measured by the SORS, and reading proficiency was determined by the CASAS Reading Test and BEST Literacy Test. Findings of the study reveal that (a) adult ESL learners are active strategies users; (b)…

  13. Principles of Adult Learning: An ESL Context

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Finn, Donald

    2011-01-01

    Given the current global economic situation, industries have been forced to examine their efficiency and effectiveness, and this is also true for adult education programs. Many programs, whether public or private, face budget downsizing which leads to questions of how to effectively instruct the adults they serve. This article provides an overview…

  14. Perspectives: Using Critical Incidents to Understand ESL Student Satisfaction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walker, John

    2015-01-01

    In a marketized environment, ESL providers, in common with other postcompulsory educational institutions, canvass student satisfaction with their services. While the predominant method is likely to be based on tick-box questionnaires using Likert scales that measure degrees of satisfaction, qualitative methodology is an option when rich data is…

  15. Upper-Intermediate-Level ESL Students' Summarizing in English

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vorobel, Oksana; Kim, Deoksoon

    2011-01-01

    This qualitative instrumental case study explores various factors that might influence upper-intermediate-level English as a second language (ESL) students' summarizing from a sociocultural perspective. The study was conducted in a formal classroom setting, during a reading and writing class in the English Language Institute at a university in the…

  16. The Arlington Adult Learning System (AALS) Curriculum: A Transitional ESL Curriculum for Adults.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arlington County Public Schools, VA. REEP, Arlington Education and Employment Program.

    The English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) curriculum of the Arlington (Virginia) Adult Learning System (AALS) is presented. AALS is a consortium in which an adult education provider (the public school system) coordinates efforts of its own organization with a community-based organization, a vocational institute, and a university to transition…

  17. The Conflation of Adult ESL and Literacy: The Views of Experienced Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fleming, Douglas; René, Carène Pierre; Bangou, Francis; Sarwar, Gul Shahzad

    2015-01-01

    This article explores the links between English as a second language (ESL) instruction and literacy instruction through an examination of viewpoints from eight teachers in two Canadian provinces. Four of these teachers worked in government--funded adult ESL and literacy education programs for a large urban school district in the province of…

  18. Content-Learning Tasks for Adult ESL Learners: Promoting Literacy for Work or School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ewert, Doreen E.

    2014-01-01

    Teachers of English as a second language (ESL) are often on the frontline of working with adult ESL learners who are facing a difficult developmental pathway to academic and/or economic success. These learners come to the task of learning English with widely varying schooling experiences, degrees of first language literacy, and English language…

  19. Hidden Losses: How Demographics Can Encourage Incorrect Assumptions about ESL High School Students' Success

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Toohey, Kelleen; Derwing, Tracey M.

    2008-01-01

    Data from ESL students' records in Vancouver are examined in the light of the BC Ministry of Education's claim that ESL high school students are more successful than students whose first language is English. We argue that the academic achievement of well-to-do students whose parents are skilled workers or entrepreneurs may mask the completion…

  20. Native Language in the Beginning Adult ESL Classroom: To Use or Not To Use.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Florez, MaryAnn Cunningham

    This very brief paper discusses whether and how to use the learners' native language in the English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) classroom in the event that the instructor and all the students share the same language (Spanish in this case). The pedagogic disadvantages for ESL learners of being allowed to fall back on the native language are…

  1. Educational Expectations: How They Differ Around the World--Implications for Teaching ESL College Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rubenstein, Ilene Z

    2006-01-01

    Expectations regarding teacher-student relationships, classroom interactions, testing and evaluation, and academic integrity vary widely around the world. Understanding these differences can be critical to enhancing the academic success of ESL (English as a Second Language) college students. Faculty working with ESL students often ask: "Why won't…

  2. Let's Talk! ESL Students' Needs and Writing Centre Philosophy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moussu, Lucie

    2013-01-01

    When university/college faculty members believe that ESL students' writing skills are not equivalent to those of native speakers, they frequently send these ESL students to their institution's writing centres (WCs). However, this often results in frustration for WC staff, the students, and faculty members. This article first describes…

  3. Language Learning Strategy Use of ESL Students in an Intensive English Learning Context

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hong-Nam, Kyungsim; Leavell, Alexandra G.

    2006-01-01

    This study investigated the language learning strategy use of 55 ESL students with differing cultural and linguistic backgrounds enrolled in a college Intensive English Program (IEP). The IEP is a language learning institute for pre-admissions university ESL students, and is an important step in developing not only students' basic Interpersonal…

  4. Exploring ESL students' understanding of mathematics in the early years: factors that make a difference

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Miller, Jodie; Warren, Elizabeth

    2014-12-01

    Students living in disadvantaged contexts and whose second language is English (ESL) are at risk of not succeeding in school mathematics. It has been internationally recognised that students' socioeconomic background and their achievements in mathematics is more pronounced for Australian students (Thomson et al. 2011). This gap is even more prominent for students who also have English as their second language (ESL). This paper explores the impact of the representations, oral language and engagement in mathematics (RoleM) learning experiences on ESL students' performance in mathematics in the early years (foundation-year 2). All students participating in the study are from disadvantaged contexts ( n = 461). The sample comprised 328 students who identified themselves as having English as a second language (ESL) and 133 mainstream students. Pre- and post-tests were conducted at the commencement and completion of each school year. All students demonstrated a significant improvement on their post-test scores, with ESL students displaying greater gains than the mainstream students. Additionally, students' results were meeting norm-referenced expectations for students of the same age. A hypothesised taxonomy was developed to further investigate which types of test items foundation ESL students displayed greatest gains. ESL students again outperformed the mainstream cohort on all levels of test categorisation, including questions that were linguistically and conceptually challenging for foundation students.

  5. Improving Reading Skills in ESL Students through an Intensive Vocabulary Building Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gaudio, Vince

    This report describes a program for improving the reading skills of English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) students. The targeted population consists of 19 ESL students, ranging in age from 7-10 years, in a western suburb of a large metropolitan city in Illinois. The problem of poor reading ability was documented through low reading scores on the STAR…

  6. Awareness of Reading Strategy Use of Indian ESL Students and the Relationship with Reading Comprehension Achievement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Madhumathi, P.; Ghosh, Arijit

    2012-01-01

    This paper reports findings from the study that assessed the first year Indian ESL students' awareness of reading strategy use. It also investigated the relationship that exists between reading strategy use and the reading comprehension achievements of the Indian ESL students. The study utilized two instruments such as SORS and RCT which is the…

  7. A Learning Curriculum: Toward Student-Driven Pedagogy in the Context of Adult English for Academic Purposes, English for Specific Purposes, and Workplace English Programs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ananyeva, Maria

    2014-01-01

    This article introduces the concept of a learning curriculum that places adult English as a second language (ESL) students' needs in the center and encourages the engagement of ESL learners in curriculum design. The study is based on contemporary research in the field of adult ESL program planning. It summarizes key components of a learning…

  8. Using Search Engines with ESL Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kantor, Joan Schneider

    1998-01-01

    Presents a lesson that introduces search engines to high intermediate-level English-as-a-Second-Language students in grades 6-12. Over several days, students learn how to use three search engines (infoseek, AltaVista, and Yahoo!) to search the Internet for information effectively. Students can work together online to create a customized list of…

  9. Clinical expectations: what facilitators expect from ESL students on clinical placement.

    PubMed

    San Miguel, Caroline; Rogan, Fran

    2012-03-01

    Many nursing students for whom English is a second language (ESL) face challenges related to communication on clinical placement and although clinical facilitators are not usually trained language assessors, they are often in a position of needing to assess ESL students' clinical language performance. Little is known, however, about the particular areas of clinical performance facilitators focus on when they are assessing ESL students. This paper discusses the results of a study of facilitators' written assessment comments about the clinical performance of a small group of ESL nursing students over a two and a half year period. These comments were documented on students' clinical assessment forms at the end of each placement. The results provide a more detailed insight into facilitators' expectations of students' language performance and the particular challenges faced by ESL students and indicate that facilitators have clear expectations of ESL students regarding communication, learning styles and professional demeanour. These findings may help both ESL students and their facilitators better prepare for clinical placement. PMID:22079570

  10. ESL Students in California Public Higher Education. ICAS ESL Task Force Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Online Submission, 2006

    2006-01-01

    The enclosed English as a Second Language (ESL) Task Force Report represents a response to questions raised by some educators and legislators about ESL programs, practices, and support services across the three California postsecondary systems: the California Community Colleges (CCCs), the California State Universities (CSUs), and the University…

  11. Los Compadres: ESL Student Mentor Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Coryell, Joellen; Gonzales, Edna; Claudia, Cary; Cisneros, Joe

    Los Compadres is a program that pairs advanced high school Spanish students with elementary English-as-a-Second-Language native Spanish speakers. Teachers prepare lessons based upon authentic literature, written in English and Spanish, which include vocabulary review and literature response activities. The high school students prepare for the…

  12. Perspectives on Community College ESL, Volume 2: Students, Mission, and Advocacy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blumenthal, Amy, Ed.; Machado, Craig, Ed.

    2006-01-01

    The Perspectives on Community College ESL series brings into practical focus a wide and diverse array of reflective work on ESL education in U.S. community college settings. It draws on the broad mission and constituencies that community colleges throughout the country must embrace in order to be effective. Volume two, Students, Mission, and…

  13. Learning Style Preferences among Male and Female ESL Students in Universiti-Sains Malaysia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shuib, Munir; Azizan, Siti Norbaya

    2015-01-01

    Individuals preferentially process information in different ways. This includes the varied learning style preference of the individuals in any study program, including English as a Second Language (ESL). However, one of major concerns is, do the ESL students have different preferred way to learn? Past studies have given mixed results including…

  14. Divergence in Curricular-Weight Teacher-Efforts and Student-Difficulties in Secondary School ESL

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abdul Gafoor, K.; Sreeja, C.

    2013-01-01

    The increasing importance of English as a global language, calls for an equally vigorous attempt to improving teaching and learning it in schools as a second language within and outside India. Highlighting the relevance of contextualising ESL learning by allowing for the needs of students and teachers in undertaking reforms to ESL learning, this…

  15. Placement of English as a Second Language (ESL) Student Learners in Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Banegas, Michael R.

    2013-01-01

    Immigration into the U.S. will continue to increase in the coming years, thereby increasing the postsecondary enrollment of ESL students. Yet there is still a limited amount of research designed to evaluate which ESL placement programs are most effective. This study was designed to determine if the use of correct testing instruments would ensure…

  16. The Reliability of the OWLS Written Expression Scale with ESL Kindergarten Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harrison, Gina L.; Ogle, Keira C.; Keilty, Megan

    2011-01-01

    A reliability analysis was conducted on the Written Expression Scale from the Oral and Written Language Scales, (OWLS, Carrow-Woolfolk, 1996), with 68 ESL and 56 non-ESL kindergarten students. Interrater and internal consistency estimates for the Written Expression Scale were examined separately for each language group. Despite lower oral English…

  17. Developing Reading Comprehension Modules to Facilitate Reading Comprehension among Malaysian Secondary School ESL Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Javed, Muhammad; Eng, Lin Siew; Mohamed, Abdul Rashid

    2015-01-01

    The study aims to develop a set of 6 Reading Comprehension Modules (RCMs) for Malaysian ESL teachers to facilitate different reading abilities of ESL students effectively. Different skill categories were selected for developing the RCMs. This article describes how and why diverse texts of varying length were adopted and adapted from various…

  18. Repair Strategies Usage of Primary Elementary ESL Students: Implications for ESL Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cho, Eun Hye; Larke, Patricia J.

    2010-01-01

    Repair strategies are the ways in which students resolve conversational problems in speaking, hearing and understanding. While there is a plethora of research on college and adult students' repair strategies usage, limited research has been done on the repair strategies usage of elementary school students, more specifically, English as a Second…

  19. Listening to Our Students: An Exploratory Practice Study of ESL Writing Students' Views of Feedback

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Best, Karen; Jones-Katz, Laura; Smolarek, Bailey; Stolzenburg, Marie; Williamson, Derek

    2015-01-01

    This exploratory practice research is a collaborative effort by five university ESL instructors to investigate how students in their program's advanced writing course view, respond to, and make meaning of the feedback they receive. Through semistructured interviews with focus groups, this research aims to provide students with a forum to express…

  20. Personal Writing and the ESL Student.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Simmons, Mary Beth

    Personal writing is not only valid in such places as the academy, it is vital--even though Daniel Horowitz, in his essay "Process, Not Product: Less Than Meets the Eye," said that "teaching students to write intelligently on topics they do not care about seems to be a more useful goal than having them pick topics which interest them." But…

  1. The Research Paper for Advanced ESL Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Campbell, Donald; And Others

    A strategy for including writing of a research paper in a university's advanced intensive English course for students of English as a second language is described. The method consists of eight assignments given over the course of 11 weeks, resulting in a short research paper. The method is designed to minimize error by dealing with specific…

  2. Factors of Significant Impact on Proficiency Levels of Adult ESL Learners within Post-Secondary Education in Puerto Rico

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Perez, Ramon

    2011-01-01

    This qualitative case study seeks to identify factors that have a significant impact on the second language proficiency levels of adult English as a Second Language (ESL) learners at a four-year university in Puerto Rico. Current data indicate that a significant percentage of adult ESL learners encounter major difficulties within the process of…

  3. Culture and Interculturality in the Adult ESL Context in Urban Quebec: A Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dytynyshyn, Nancy; Collins, Laura

    2012-01-01

    This article examines the treatment of culture and the development of interculturality in the transcripts of a complete 36-hour ESL course organized by a community center in Montreal. The adult participants came from a variety of linguistic and cultural backgrounds. The adult second-language class has been identified as a potentially rich context…

  4. Adult ESL Literacy Programs and Practices. A Report on a National Research Study. Technical Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guth, Gloria J. A.; Wrigley, Heide Spruck

    The background and major activities of a 2-year study on adult English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) programs and practices are reported. Descriptions are provided of the nomination process for programs that teach literacy to adults not fully proficient in English, and the study site selection and case studies of nine programs are described. The…

  5. Adult Learning in a Computer-Based ESL Acquisition Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sanchez, Karen Renee

    2013-01-01

    This study explores the self-efficacy of students learning English as a Second Language on the computer-based Rosetta Stone program. The research uses a qualitative approach to explore how a readily available computer-based learning program, Rosetta Stone, can help adult immigrant students gain some English competence and so acquire a greater…

  6. Improving the Quality of Adult ESL Programs: Building the Nation's Capacity To Meet the Educational and Occupational Needs of Adults with Limited English Proficiency.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crandall, JoAnn

    The paper, prepared as a background paper for a larger project on adult English as a Second Language (ESL), discusses a variety of issues and challenges in improving adult ESL services in the United States. An introductory section offers an overview of demographic and educational factors affecting the education of limited-English-proficient (LEP)…

  7. Approaches to Adult ESL Literacy Instruction. Language in Education: Theory and Practice 82.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crandall, JoAnn, Ed.; Peyton, Joy Kreeft, Ed.

    This book focuses on functional and holistic approaches to English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) literacy, including competency-based education; whole language, language experience, and Freirean or participatory; and writing-based programs that result in published materials to be read by other adults. Chapter 1, "Literacy Through a Competency-Based…

  8. ESL Bibliography: Materials for Teaching English as a Second Language to Adults.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Collins, Vickie L., Ed.

    This bibliography lists instructional materials for teaching adult learners of English as a Second Language (ESL). The resources listed are print materials made available through the Free Library of Philadelphia's Reader Development Program. All are on or below the eighth grade reading level, as determined with the Gunning Fog readability formula.…

  9. Using the World Wide Web with Adult ESL Learners. ERIC Digest.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Silc, Kathleen Flannery

    This digest presents reasons for using World Wide Web activities in adult English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) instruction. It addresses the issue of preparing learners to use the Web and suggests activities that focus on authentic learning experiences to enhance skills. Discussion is centered in skills developed through the World Wide Web,…

  10. Teaching ESL in a Multilevel Classroom. Adult Education Series #13. Refugee Education Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Center for Applied Linguistics, Washington, DC. Language and Orientation Resource Center.

    Adult refugee English as a second language (ESL) programs are often mandated to serve all who sign up for instruction, a requirement that results in multilevel classes. This guide describes and discusses this and other factors which contribute to the existence of multilevel and/or heterogeneous classes, and provides some practical approaches and…

  11. Techniques to Bring Humor and Create a Pleasant Learning Environment in Adult ESL Classrooms

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vu, Phu; Vu, Lan

    2012-01-01

    According to the U.S. Department of Education (2004), more than 40% of approximately three million learners in the federally-funded adult education programs are in the area of English as a second language (ESL). These learners, the majority of whom are immigrants and refugees, represent a huge diversity of cultural backgrounds and nationalities,…

  12. An Examination of the Self-Directed Learning Practices of ESL Adult Language Learners

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grover, Kendra S.; Miller, Michael T.; Swearingen, Brent; Wood, Nancy

    2014-01-01

    Self-directed learning is one of the preeminent theories in the field of adult education. This study explored how English as a Second Language learners directed their own learning outside of the formal classroom through the use of practices that potentially advance their English language proficiency. Results from a survey of over 400 ESL students…

  13. Communication Is More than Language: Adult ESL Classes Foster Parent-School Collaboration

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Waterman, Robin

    2008-01-01

    Public-school policy and federal law both emphasize parental involvement, yet there is insufficient research guiding meaningful collaboration between school practitioners and immigrant parents. This article reports on results gleaned from a larger study of school-based adult ESL classes, focusing on the role that these classes could play in…

  14. Adult ESL and Literacy: Issues and Options. Working Paper Summer Institute 2008

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wrigley, Heide Spruck

    2008-01-01

    In this paper, the author would like to put forward a number of issues to think about and discuss. At the same time, she argues for a better articulated system that more closely matches the needs and goals of various subgroups of English language learners. Adult ESL programs serve diverse immigrant populations with different needs and goals. A…

  15. Teaching Freshman History to ESL Students: A Model.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carro, Gladys

    This paper describes the evolution and implementation of an interdisciplinary freshman program in world civilization designed to integrate history content with advanced English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) composition, focusing on academic language use. In it, a three-credit history course is paired with a six-credit ESL composition course. The…

  16. Rethinking ESL Service Courses for International Graduate Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Min, Young-Kyung

    2016-01-01

    Drawing on data from a writing program in English as a second language (ESL) at a large university in the midwestern United States, this article addresses the significant gap in programmatic and pedagogical responses for graduate writing support by probing the notion of ESL service courses that approach graduate writing courses as being…

  17. How Well Do General-Skills ESL Textbooks Address Pronunciation?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Derwing, Tracey M.; Diepenbroek, Lori G.; Foote, Jennifer A.

    2012-01-01

    Many instructors are reluctant to teach pronunciation in adult ESL classrooms, often because of lack of formal training. However, significant numbers of ESL students want pronunciation instruction. Although stand-alone pronunciation courses for second-language (L2) learners exist, many students cannot gain access to them. One approach to meeting…

  18. ESL Students in California Public Higher Education. ICAS ESL Task Force Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Academic Senate for California Community Colleges, 2006

    2006-01-01

    This report responds to some of the key questions raised by educators and legislators about ESL practices, programs and support services across the three California postsecondary systems: the California Community Colleges (CCC), the California State University (CSU), and the University of California (UC). While this report was produced to address…

  19. ESL students learning biology: The role of language and social interactions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jaipal, Kamini

    This study explored three aspects related to ESL students in a mainstream grade 11 biology classroom: (1) the nature of students' participation in classroom activities, (2) the factors that enhanced or constrained ESL students' engagement in social interactions, and (3) the role of language in the learning of science. Ten ESL students were observed over an eight-month period in this biology classroom. Data were collected using qualitative research methods such as participant observation, audio-recordings of lessons, field notes, semi-structured interviews, short lesson recall interviews and students' written work. The study was framed within sociocultural perspectives, particularly the social constructivist perspectives of Vygotsky (1962, 1978) and Wertsch (1991). Data were analysed with respect to the three research aspects. Firstly, the findings showed that ESL students' preferred and exhibited a variety of participation practices that ranged from personal-individual to socio-interactive in nature. Both personal-individual and socio-interactive practices appeared to support science and language learning. Secondly, the findings indicated that ESL students' engagement in classroom social interactions was most likely influenced by the complex interactions between a number of competing factors at the individual, interpersonal and community/cultural levels (Rogoff, Radziszewska, & Masiello, 1995). In this study, six factors that appeared to enhance or constrain ESL students' engagement in classroom social interactions were identified. These factors were socio-cultural factors, prior classroom practice, teaching practices, affective factors, English language proficiency, and participation in the research project. Thirdly, the findings indicated that language played a significant mediational role in ESL students' learning of science. The data revealed that the learning of science terms and concepts can be explained by a functional model of language that includes: (1

  20. More Than Just Chinese Food...A Collection of Writings by Adult ESL Learners and Three Approaches to Teaching and Writing in the ESL Classroom.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tao, Pauline; And Others

    This book consists of a collection of stories written by adults who attend a bilingual ESL (English as a Second Language) program co-sponsored by the Toronto Board of Education and Chinese Information and Community Services. All the writings deal with Chinese culture but the book may be used by people of diverse backgrounds and of varying levels…

  1. A Qualitative Study of ESL College Students' Attitudes about Computer-Assisted Writing Classes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ghandoura, Waleed A.

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this qualitative study was to examine a sample of 13 English as a second language (ESL) students' attitudes about a computer-aided composition (WebCT) class. Participants were enrolled in an introductory writing course. Data from student diaries revealed that students enjoyed and valued the WebCT course and that the course…

  2. Enhancing Communicative Competence and Cultural Adaptation of ESL Students: Using Dialogue Journals and Interactive Errands.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Venditti, Phillip; Bahruth, Robert E.

    This report describes two out-of-class techniques used to promote communicative competence among community college students of English as a second language (ESL). Dialogue journals provide regular written communication between language students and their instructors. The journals can be used for validating, encouraging, and reinforcing students'…

  3. What Do ESL Students Say about Their Accents?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Derwing, Tracey M.

    2003-01-01

    Examines adult immigrants' perceptions of their own pronunciation problems and the consequences of speaking with a foreign accent. Interviews were conducted with 100 intermediate proficiency English-as-a-Second-Language students. (Author/VWL)

  4. Teaching ESL to Competencies: A Departure from a Traditional Curriculum for Adult Learners with Specific Needs. Adult Education Series #12. Refugee Education Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Center for Applied Linguistics, Washington, DC. Language and Orientation Resource Center.

    Teaching English as a second language (ESL) to competencies requires that the instructional focus be on functional competencies and life-coping skills while developing the spoken and/or written English structures necessary to perform these skills. A step-by-step approach to develop and implement a competency-based approach to ESL for adults is…

  5. Immigrant and Refugee ESL Students' Challenges to Accessing Four-Year College Education: From Language Policy to Educational Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kanno, Yasuko; Varghese, Manka M.

    2010-01-01

    Research on English as a second language (ESL) students in higher education has traditionally focused on their academic writing, leaving larger issues of their college access and success unexplored. This article examines the challenges that first-generation immigrant and refugee ESL students face in accessing four-year college education through a…

  6. The effects of linguistic modification on ESL students' comprehension of nursing course test items.

    PubMed

    Bosher, Susan; Bowles, Melissa

    2008-01-01

    Recent research has indicated that language may be a source of construct-irrelevant variance for non-native speakers of English, or English as a second language (ESL) students, when they take exams. As a result, exams may not accurately measure knowledge of nursing content. One accommodation often used to level the playing field for ESL students is linguistic modification, a process by which the reading load of test items is reduced while the content and integrity of the item are maintained. Research on the effects of linguistic modification has been conducted on examinees in the K-12 population, but is just beginning in other areas. This study describes the collaborative process by which items from a pathophysiology exam were linguistically modified and subsequently evaluated for comprehensibility by ESL students. Findings indicate that in a majority of cases, modification improved examinees' comprehension of test items. Implications for test item writing and future research are discussed. PMID:18575241

  7. Unfamiliar Instructional Practice and Its Relationship to Student Emotional Distress in the ESL Classroom.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bassano, Sharron Kay

    It is generally recognized that students' feelings about learning affect their ability to learn. One of the three strongest influencing factors on second-language learning is classroom anxiety. This paper focuses on student emotional distress in the English as a second language (ESL) classroom, and suggests that one of the primary causes of this…

  8. A World of Books: An Annotated Reading List for ESL/EFL Students. Second Edition, Revised.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Dorothy S.

    The annotated reading list cites works of fiction and non-fiction felt to be appropriate for learners of English as a Second Language (ESL) or English as a Foreign Language (EFL). Most are suitable for students at the "professional proficiency" level, although some may be read by students at the "limited working proficiency" level, and some are…

  9. Develop and Evaluate the Effects of Multimodal Presentation System on Elementary ESL Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kuo, Fang-O; Yu, Pao-Ta; Hsiao, Wei-Hung

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to develop and evaluate the effects of multimodal presentation system (MPS), a multimodal presentation software integrated with interactive whiteboard (IWB), on student learning in the elementary English as second language (ESL) course. It focuses primarily on techniques and tools to enhance the students' ESL…

  10. Cultural Factors. A Guide to Understanding Asian ESL Students. Bilingual Education Resource Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tebeau, Sue

    This manual provides teachers and administrators with information on Asian culture, people, and customs, to aid in the teaching of English as a second language to Asian students. The guide focuses on those facets on Asian culture relevant to the immediate life of the Asian ESL student. The following issues are discussed: (1) names; (2) birthdates;…

  11. Coping Strategies of ESL Students in Writing Tasks across the Curriculum.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leki, Ilona

    1995-01-01

    Examined the academic literacy experiences and coping strategies of five English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) students during their first semester at an American university. Results found that the students came to the United States with a battery of well-elaborated strategies for dealing with the academic work load they would face. (contains 34…

  12. Group Work with English as Second Language (ESL) Students: Integrating Academic and Behavior Considerations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shi, Qi; Steen, Sam

    2010-01-01

    A group counseling intervention with beginning-level ESL students in middle school is presented. Findings from the pre- and post-group evaluations showed statistically significant improvement in students' reading and writing skills and appropriate classroom behaviors. Limitations of the research design are discussed and implications for school…

  13. Language Minority Students in American Schools: An Education in English. ESL & Applied Linguistics Professional Series

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Adamson, H. Douglas

    2005-01-01

    This book addresses questions of language education in the United States, focusing on how to teach the 3.5 million students in American public schools who do not speak English as a native language. These students are at the center of a national debate about the right relationship among ESL, bilingual, and mainstream classes. Bilingual education…

  14. Helping ESL and EFL University Students Read Critically: A 2000's Challenge.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crismore, Avon

    This paper discusses how most students are not yet competent critical readers of academic or electronic texts. This is especially true of English as a Second Language (ESL) and English as a Foreign Language (EFL) university students. After describing the extent of the lack of critical reading skills, an extensive literature review on the subject…

  15. Building ESL Students' Linguistic and Academic Literacy through Content-Based Interclass Collaboration

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kasper, Loretta F.; Weiss, Saundra Tara

    2005-01-01

    This essay describes how interclass collaboration in the context of an in-depth interdisciplinary discussion and analysis of global problems can yield significant benefits in the development of ESL students' sense of efficacy, their literacy, and their critical thinking skills. Collaborative lessons expose the students to new and varied…

  16. Opinions from ESL Instructors and Students about Curricula on Hepatitis B for Use in Immigrant Communities

    PubMed Central

    Coronado, Gloria D.; Taylor, Victoria M.; Hislop, T. Gregory; Teh, Chong; Acorda, Elizabeth; Do, H. Hoai; Chen, Hueifang; Thompson, Beti

    2010-01-01

    Background Chinese immigrants in Canada have a disproportionately high risk for hepatitis B compared with non-Hispanic whites. Hepatitis B is the leading cause of hepatocellular carcinoma among Asian immigrants to North America. English as a Second Language (ESL) classes are an effective way of reaching newly immigrated individuals and are a potential channel for delivering health messages. Methods Using data from six focus groups among ESL instructors and students, we characterized perceptions about activities that are successfully used in ESL classrooms and strategies for delivering hepatitis B information. Results Instructors and students generally reported that activities which focused on speaking and listening skills and that addressed content relevant to students' daily lives were successful in the classroom. Instructors generally avoided material that was irrelevant or too difficult to understand. Focus group participants offered strategies for delivering hepatitis B information in ESL classrooms; these strategies included addressing symptoms and prevention, and not singling out a specific population subgroup in order to avoid stigmatization. Conclusions These findings might assist efforts to develop ESL curricula that target immigrant populations. PMID:18709587

  17. The Health Literacy and ESL Study: A Community-Based Intervention for Spanish-Speaking Adults

    PubMed Central

    MAS, FRANCISCO SOTO; JI, MING; FUENTES, BRENDA O.; TINAJERO, JOSEFINA

    2015-01-01

    Although Hispanics have a documented high risk of limited health literacy, there is a scarcity of research with this population group, and particularly with Hispanic immigrants who generally confront language barriers that have been related to low health literacy. The National Action Plan to Improve Health Literacy identified community-based English-language instruction as a strategy that can facilitate a health literate society. However, the literature lacks discussion on this type of intervention. This randomized control trial aimed to test the feasibility of using conventional English-as-a-second-language (ESL) instruction for improving health literacy among Spanish-speaking adults. Objectives included the development, implementation, and evaluation of a health literacy/ESL curriculum. The Test of Functional Health Literacy in Adults (TOFHLA) in English was used to assess health literacy levels. Analyses included independent sample t test, chi-square, and multiple linear regression. A total of 155 people participated. Results showed a significantly higher increase in the TOFHLA posttest score in the intervention group (p = .01), and noticeable differences in health literacy levels between groups. Results indicate that ESL constitutes a promising venue for improving health literacy among Spanish-speaking adults. Incorporating health literacy-related content may provide additional benefits. PMID:25602615

  18. The Health Literacy and ESL study: a community-based intervention for Spanish-speaking adults.

    PubMed

    Soto Mas, Francisco; Ji, Ming; Fuentes, Brenda O; Tinajero, Josefina

    2015-04-01

    Although Hispanics have a documented high risk of limited health literacy, there is a scarcity of research with this population group, and particularly with Hispanic immigrants who generally confront language barriers that have been related to low health literacy. The National Action Plan to Improve Health Literacy identified community-based English-language instruction as a strategy that can facilitate a health literate society. However, the literature lacks discussion on this type of intervention. This randomized control trial aimed to test the feasibility of using conventional English-as-a-second-language (ESL) instruction for improving health literacy among Spanish-speaking adults. Objectives included the development, implementation, and evaluation of a health literacy/ESL curriculum. The Test of Functional Health Literacy in Adults (TOFHLA) in English was used to assess health literacy levels. Analyses included independent sample t test, chi-square, and multiple linear regression. A total of 155 people participated. Results showed a significantly higher increase in the TOFHLA posttest score in the intervention group (p = .01), and noticeable differences in health literacy levels between groups. Results indicate that ESL constitutes a promising venue for improving health literacy among Spanish-speaking adults. Incorporating health literacy-related content may provide additional benefits. PMID:25602615

  19. ESL Students' Perceptions of Their English Writing Proficiency and the Effects of Peer Review Training among Three Types of Students in a Community College ESL Composition Course

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goldburg, Maxine E.

    2012-01-01

    Learner-centered methodology like peer review is problematic in the pluralism of the ESL classroom when teaching academic English composition. A distinct complication is the form writing instruction should take given the interaction and variations between ESL students' L1 background, experiences, schema, and the meaning of academic literacy…

  20. We're All in the Same Boat. A Multi-Cultural and Pre-Vocational ESL Curriculum for Intermediate ESL Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Batt, Karen

    This curriculum manual combines the teaching of English as a second language (ESL) with multicultural and prevocational education. The materials provide students with information about immigration, how immigrants fit into the economic system and society, and how different cultures and races have evolved. Goals are to give students the opportunity…

  1. Using Peer Review with Chinese ESL Student Writers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hu, Guangwei

    2005-01-01

    Peer review has a prominent place in process-oriented writing instruction. In this paper, I share my developing use of peer review in an academic writing course for Chinese ESL learners. After reviewing the relevant literature, I describe the context in which I implemented peer review and conducted practitioner research into its productive use.…

  2. ESL for Farm Safety. Student Workbook [and] Teacher's Manual.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Silc, Kathleen Flannery; Outterson, Beth

    The instructional materials, intended for limited-English-proficient farm workers, provide information on the safe use of pesticides and on pesticide-related illness on the job. The seven lessons are designed to teach English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) learners vocabulary and communication skills related to themselves, their farm occupations, the…

  3. Helping the Older Adult to Succeed in the ESL Classroom.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hedge, Dick; And Others

    Special problems of adult language learners aged 50 and older studying English as a second language include physical, social, and psychological factors. Physical factors related to aging include vision and hearing problems that adults may not be willing to admit to. Older adults may also be more sensitive to room temperature and lighting, and may…

  4. Nanotechnology and Closed Captioned Videos: Improving Opportunities for Teaching Science to ESL Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kumar, David Devraj; Scarola, Kimberly

    2006-01-01

    This paper argues in favor of Closed Captioned Video technology for incorporating nanotechnology as part of teaching science to English as a Second Language (ESL) students. Nanotechnology deals with particles with diameters 1-50 nm and provides a macro-context for science instruction. Closed Captioned Videos provide an effective tool for…

  5. Technology Use in ESL: An Investigation of Students' Experiences and the Implications for Language Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tour, Ekaterina

    2010-01-01

    In Australia, information and communication technologies (ICT) are a significant element of a multicultural and multilingual society. However, some people (in particular, international students, immigrants, refugees) may experience many challenges because they use technology in English as their second language (ESL) and in a new sociocultural…

  6. Visual Arts Learning Opportunities for Study Abroad Students in American ESL Programs: Focus on Tours.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Preece, Robert

    1996-01-01

    It is proposed that art and architecture tours, commonly incorporated into coursework in English-medium European study-abroad programs for Americans, can be integrated into English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) programs using various models of content-based instruction. These tours can provide opportunities to take students out of the classroom and…

  7. Directed Blogging with Community College ESL Students: Its Effects on Awareness of Language Acquisition Processes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Cathy

    2012-01-01

    English as a Second Language (ESL) students often have problems progressing in their acquisition of the language and frequently do not know how to solve this dilemma. Many of them think of their second language studies as just another school subject that they must pass in order to move on to the next level, so few of them realize the metacognitive…

  8. Systematic Tracking of Malaysian Primary School Students' ESL Reading Comprehension Performance to Facilitate Instructional Processes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eng, Lin Siew; Mohamed, Abdul Rashid; Ismail, Shaik Abdul Malik Mohamed

    2016-01-01

    This study was conducted to systematically track and benchmark upper primary school students' ESL reading comprehension ability and subsequently generate data at the micro and macro levels according to individual achievement, school location, gender and ethnicity at the school, district, state and national levels. The main intention of this…

  9. Social Positioning, Participation, and Second Language Learning: Talkative Students in an Academic ESL Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kayi-Aydar, Hayriye

    2014-01-01

    Guided by positioning theory and poststructural views of second language learning, the two descriptive case studies presented in this article explored the links between social positioning and the language learning experiences of two talkative students in an academic ESL classroom. Focusing on the macro- and micro-level contexts of communication,…

  10. Malaysian ESL Students' Syntactic Accuracy in the Usage of English Modal Verbs in Argumentative Writing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mukundan, Jayakaran; bin Saadullah, Khairil Anuar; binti Ismail, Razalina; binti Jusoh Zasenawi, Nur Hairunnisa

    2013-01-01

    This research studied the use of modals in argumentative written tasks by Form 5 Malaysian secondary school ESL students. The aim of this study was to examine the use of English modals at the syntactic level from data presented in the MCSAW Corpus. The research design comprised a qualitative technique through discourse analysis aided by…

  11. Developing Research Paper Writing Programs for EFL/ESL Undergraduate Students Using Process Genre Approach

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tuyen, Kim Thanh; Bin Osman, Shuki; Dan, Thai Cong; Ahmad, Nor Shafrin Binti

    2016-01-01

    Research Paper Writing (RPW) plays a key role in completing all research work. Poor writing could lead to the postponement of publications. Therefore, it is necessary to develop a program of (RPW) to improve RPW ability for EFL/ESL writers, especially for undergraduate students in Higher Education (HE) institutions, which has caught less attention…

  12. Examinations and the ESL Student--More Evidence of Particular Disadvantages

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Chris

    2011-01-01

    Two years of assessment results from the full-time MBA of a highly ranked UK business school are examined to compare the outcomes for students for whom English is a second language (ESL) with those for whom English is a primary language (EPL). The results suggest that the overall higher level of higher-degree outcomes for the EPL group is…

  13. University ESL Teachers' Socialization in School Workplace toward Teaching Culturally Diverse Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Huang, Hsiang-Ling

    2011-01-01

    Employing interpretive theory, this study investigated 331 university ESL teachers' socialization in language programs for international students. Looking beyond teacher preparatory education, in-service teachers' workplace experiences are essential to study because experience is instrumental in the shaping of belief systems (Wu and Shaffer,…

  14. Teaching and Evaluation of Critical Appraisal Skills to Postgraduate ESL Engineering Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Melles, Gavin

    2009-01-01

    Enrolments in postgraduate engineering in Australia include a significant proportion of Asian ESL (English as a Second Language) students, and there is some debate in the literature about whether they are capable of critical appraisal. Content-based discipline-specific EAP (English for Academic Purposes) courses provide an environment for…

  15. Undergraduate ESL Students' Engagement in Academic Reading and Writing in Learning to Write a Synthesis Paper

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zhao, Ruilan; Hirvela, Alan

    2015-01-01

    As an important and a challenging source-based writing task, synthesizing offers rich opportunities to explore the connections between reading and writing. In this article, we report findings from a qualitative study of two Chinese students' learning experiences with academic synthesis writing in a university ESL composition course. Specifically,…

  16. Postgraduate Diploma Collaborative Assignment: Implications for ESL Students and Curriculum Design

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grant, T.

    2008-01-01

    The commerce faculty at the University of Cape Town (UCT) offers a 1-year, postgraduate management diploma that is regarded as a mini-MBA. It appeals to a wide variety of mainly English-as-second language (ESL) students. In the past, core course diploma lecturers in marketing, tourism and leisure, enterprise management and sport management "did…

  17. [Student Magazine of the ESL Classes of the International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union (ILGWU).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alvarez, Manuel, Ed.; Zetino, Alfredo, Ed.

    This student magazine created by the English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) classes of the International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union (ILGWU) is a collection of personal opinions, reports, and creative writing with illustrations. Each item was written as a voluntary collaboration, homework, or classwork. Items include poems, letters, accounts of…

  18. The Transformation of Ms. Corazon: Creating Humanizing Spaces for Mexican Immigrant Students in Secondary ESL Classrooms

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Salazar, Maria del Carmen; Franquiz, Maria E.

    2008-01-01

    This article explores the journey of one English as a Second Language (ESL) teacher who held rigid boundaries that negatively impacted the academic resiliency of her Mexican immigrant students. As she transformed her pedagogical orientation, she created permeability in her curricular practices. With the elements of "respeto" (respect), "confianza"…

  19. Language Learning in the Library: An Exploratory Study of ESL Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bordonaro, Karen

    2006-01-01

    This qualitative research study investigates the uses of an American college library by ESL students in improving their language skills in speaking, listening, reading, and writing. Language learning activities in the library are identified, described, and placed in a framework of self-directed language learning and language learner autonomy.

  20. Differential Effects of Focused and Unfocused Written Correction on the Accurate Use of Grammatical Forms by Adult ESL Learners

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sheen, Younghee; Wright, David; Moldawa, Anna

    2009-01-01

    Building on Sheen's (2007) study of the effects of written corrective feedback (CF) on the acquisition of English articles, this article investigated whether direct focused CF, direct unfocused CF and writing practice alone produced differential effects on the accurate use of grammatical forms by adult ESL learners. Using six intact adult ESL…

  1. Proceedings of the National Symposium on Adult ESL Research and Practice (Washington, DC, September 4-7, 2001).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Center for ESL Literacy Education, Washington, DC.

    This publication offers summaries of presentations from a 2001 symposium on adult English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) research and practice. Presentations include the following: "Reading Research Synthesis" (Miriam Burt); "How Adults Learn to Read in English" (John Strucker); "Findings, Reactions to and Practitioner Implications of the 'What Works'…

  2. How Should Different Types of Feedback Be Administered to Create More Effective Learning among Advanced ESL Writing Students? A Student Perspective

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bao, Ze

    2015-01-01

    This paper is set in the context of my experience in advanced ESL writing classes at two Canadian universities. Based on my experience and the research literature, several types of feedback should be administered by teachers to create more effective learning opportunities among advanced ESL writing students. In this paper, I examine the advantages…

  3. Empirical Study of Formative Evaluation in Adult ESL Teaching

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yi, Qin

    2012-01-01

    Formative Evaluation is a method of evaluating a program while the program activities are forming or happening. Formative evaluation focuses on the "process" during which problems are timely spotted, corrected and adjustments made so that an intended goal can be accomplished. Through a four-month empirical research work with students of…

  4. Who Are Our Students? Measuring Learner Characteristics in Adult Immigrants Studying English

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lambert, Olga D.

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to develop and pilot a questionnaire that would (a) provide teachers and administrators of adult ESL programs with important information about their students and (b) enable large-scale data collection among these students for program-planning and research purposes. The questionnaire focuses on these students' goals,…

  5. Cottage Crafts Final Report. ESL Cottage Industry Education and Employment Program. July 1, 1982 - June 30, 1983. A 310 Adult Education Project.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Henry, Jean; And Others

    The ESL (English as a second language) Cottage Industry Education and Employment Program was developed to provide ESL and life skills instruction to homebound and elderly refugees while, at the same time, fostering the continuation of native crafts and folklife. The program was the cooperative effort of local adult education staff, leaders and…

  6. The Effects of Metacognitive Reading Strategy Instruction on Reading Performance of Adult ESL Learners with Limited English and Literacy Skills

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Huang, Jiuhuan; Newbern, Claudia

    2012-01-01

    This article reports on a study that examines the effects of metacognitive reading strategy instruction on reading performance of adult ESL learners with limited English and literacy skills. The strategy instruction was implemented over a period of four months with a group of 18 learners who were enrolled in a high beginning literacy course in an…

  7. ESL Idea Book: A Bibliography of Instructor-Developed Materials for Teaching English as a Second Language to Adults.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lane, Martha A.

    This bibliography contains annotated citations of primarily non-commercial instructional materials for adult literacy education in English as a Second Language (ESL). All are for learners at beginning to intermediate English language skill levels, and were selected for ease of use by volunteers, relevance to an urban area, overall applicability to…

  8. Conflicting Ideologies and Language Policy in Adult ESL: Complexities of Language Socialization in a Majority-L1 Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mori, Miki

    2014-01-01

    This study looks at how language ideologies affect and are revealed in language socialization practices in a majority-L1 adult ESL classroom, particularly looking at language use and policy. It draws on recent theories and critiques of language socialization (Bayley & Langman, 2011; Bronson & Watson-Gegeo, 2008; Garrett &…

  9. Factors Influencing Social, Cultural, and Academic Transitions of Chinese International ESL Students in U.S. Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ota, Akiko

    2013-01-01

    The U.S. is the leading nation for international students to pursue higher education; the majority of whom are from countries with significant differences in culture and language from American students. As such, many international students start higher education in ESL support programs. While on the surface international students supposedly add…

  10. Order, Chaos and Gentle Revolutions: A Brief and Personal History of ESL Instruction for Immigrants.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    La Perla, Joann

    An overview is provided of the history of English as a second language (ESL) instruction, including a discussion of second language acquisition and the characteristics of ESL instructors and students. The first sections provide an overview of the major language learning methodologies that have been most often associated with the adult as a…

  11. Effectiveness of Music on Vocabulary Acquisition, Language Usage, and Meaning for Mainland Chinese ESL Learners

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Li, Xiangming; Brand, Manny

    2009-01-01

    Using an experimental approach, this study examined the relative effectiveness of varying the use of songs (lyrics and music) on vocabulary acquisition, language usage, and meaning for adult ESL students in the People's Republic of China. While the use of songs is generally enthusiastically endorsed by ESL teachers, few empirical studies have…

  12. Closed-Caption Television and Adult Students of English as a Second Language.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Jennifer J.

    The use of closed-caption television (CCTV) to help teach English as a Second Language (ESL) to adults was studied with a group of adult students in the Arlington, Virginia, Education and Employment Program. Although CCTV is designed for the hearing impaired, its combination of written with spoken English in the visual context of television makes…

  13. Pre-Service Training for Volunteer Teachers of Adult ESL Learners: How to Facilitate Communicative Competence in the Classroom.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boyd, Joshua

    The English as a Second Language (ESL) method variously described as communicative methodology, communicative approach, or Communicative Language Teaching refers to a focus on the use of language to communicate. A communicative approach recognizes that the yield or payoff for a learner is related to the opportunities given the student for…

  14. Drawing on Technical Writing Scholarship for the Teaching of Writing to Advanced ESL Students--A Writing Tutorial

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zielinska, Dorota

    2003-01-01

    The article outlines the technical writing tutorial (TWT) that preceded an advanced ESL writing course for students of English Philology at the Jagiellonian University. Having assessed the English skills of those students at the end of the semester, we found a statistically significant increase in the performance of the students who had taken the…

  15. YouTube for Two: Online Video Resources in a Student-Centered, Task-Based ESL/EFL Environment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hamilton, Robert

    2010-01-01

    Online technology and streaming video have the potential to generate tremendous interest and motivation in ESL/EFL students. Unfortunately, as the basis for a task-based language teaching (TBLT) program, such technology often places students in a passive position and limits inter-student communication. This paper describes a successful TBLT course…

  16. Exploring ESL Students' Understanding of Mathematics in the Early Years: Factors That Make a Difference

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, Jodie; Warren, Elizabeth

    2014-01-01

    Students living in disadvantaged contexts and whose second language is English (ESL) are at risk of not succeeding in school mathematics. It has been internationally recognised that students' socioeconomic background and their achievements in mathematics is more pronounced for Australian students (Thomson et al. 2011). This gap is even more…

  17. Students' Perceptions of the Use of Peer-to-Peer ESL Text Chat: An Introductory Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Garratt, Dale Arthur

    2012-01-01

    Thousands of international ESL students come to the United States every year to learn English for the purpose of matriculating into an American university. Teaching these diverse students can be a challenge for educators and despite the students' significant investment of time and money, many of them are inadequately prepared for the demands…

  18. Influence of Teacher-Contact Time and Other Variables on ESL Students' Attitudes towards Native- and Nonnative-English-Speaking Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moussu, Lucie

    2010-01-01

    Although several studies have been conducted that investigated the attitudes of English as a second language (ESL) students towards their nonnative-English-speaking (NNES) ESL teachers, few scholars have explored the influence of teacher-contact time and other relevant variables on students' responses. This article reports on a study conducted in…

  19. Exploring Service Logic in ESL

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walker, John

    2013-01-01

    ESL is both a professional educational service and, particularly in post-compulsory contexts, a commercial activity. The effective management of ESL programs can secure quality outcomes for practitioners and students. Nevertheless, writings on ESL management do not figure prominently in the literature. In particular, the association between…

  20. The Impact of Interactive Whiteboard Technology on Medical Students' Achievement in ESL Essay Writing: An Early Study in Egypt

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Albaaly, Emad; Higgins, Steven

    2012-01-01

    This study investigated the impact of the interactive whiteboard on Egyptian medical students' achievement in essay writing in English as a second language (ESL). First, the writing micro-skills judged essential to help these students improve their essay writing were identified, using a questionnaire which investigated experts' views. This gave…

  1. Drawing on Technical Writing Scholarship for the Teaching of Writing to Advanced ESL Students--A Writing Tutorial.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zielinska, Dorota

    2003-01-01

    Outlines the technical writing tutorial (TWT) that precedes an advanced English as a second language (ESL) writing course for students of English Philology at the Jagiellonian University, Poland. Finds a statistically significant increase in the performance of the students who had taken the TWT. Indicates that technical writing books and journals…

  2. Cloze Procedure: A Technique for Weaning Advanced ESL Students from Excessive Use of the Dictionary. CATESOL Occasional Papers, No. 2.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sherwood, Walter

    This paper deals with the vocabulary problems encountered by advanced ESL students. While beginning and intermediate texts tend to control vocabulary and adapt reading selections to the learner, advanced students are usually forced to confront unabridged texts. Reading is a way to increase vocabulary, but a lack of vocabulary makes the reading…

  3. "We've Come a Long Way Baby." A Student Created Magazine by the ESL Classes of Local 155 ILGWU.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    International Ladies' Garment Workers Union, New York, NY.

    This student magazine, created by the English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) classes of a local unit of the International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union (ILGWU) is a collection of personal opinions, reports, and creative writing with illustrations. Compositions are by both individual students and groups. Selections include the account of a field trip,…

  4. Cultural Factors Affecting Chinese ESL Students' Academic Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Huang, Jinyan; Brown, Kathleen

    2009-01-01

    Confucianism meets Constructivism in North American universities and our classrooms are failing to meet the educational expectations of Chinese students. Specifically, students from the People's Republic of China mentioned six areas where they feel discomfort: (a) They feel uncomfortable with the classroom behavior of North American students; (b)…

  5. ESL TEACHER CANDIDATES' PERCEPTIONS OF STRENGTHS AND INADEQUACIES OF INSTRUCTING CULTURALLY AND LINGUISTICALLY DIVERSE STUDENTS: POST CLINICAL EXPERIENCE.

    PubMed

    Wong, Chiu-Yin; Indiatsi, John; Wong, Gary K W

    2016-01-01

    The present case study examined English as a second language (ESL) teacher candidates' views on their preparedness on instructing culturally and linguistically diverse students. A survey was administrated to a group of ESL teacher candidates at the end of the training program. Results revealed that although the participants received training in culture and instructional strategies, lacking adequate knowledge in students' diverse cultures and languages was reported as a major challenge. Personality traits and knowing specific strategies are reported as their strengths. However, there is a mismatch between the data gathered from the self-ranking component and the open-ended questions. Implications and suggestions are discussed. PMID:27439232

  6. Today's Adult Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reese, Susan

    2012-01-01

    Who are the adult students in career and technical education (CTE) today? There is not one simple answer to that question. Some are young with little life experience, while others are returning to the workforce and learning new skills to reinvent themselves. Whatever the case, educating adult students is an integral part of ACTE's mission, and the…

  7. First Year ESL Students Developing Critical Thinking: Challenging the Stereotypes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Li, Yongyan

    2013-01-01

    Reporting a case study of two high-achieving Chinese students studying at a university in Hong Kong, this paper presents evidence that poses an anti-thesis to the stereotypes of first year university students as holding naïve beliefs about learning and of "Chinese learners" as lacking in critical thinking. Many studies have examined…

  8. An International Graduate Student's ESL Learning Experience beyond the Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Liu, Lu

    2011-01-01

    International graduate students are coming in ever-growing numbers to English-speaking countries. Educators have long believed that the successful English-learning experience of these students in their home countries will naturally lead to success in their academic studies and social life abroad. However, this may be not true. Using my…

  9. Career Development and Professional Attrition of Novice ESL Teachers of Adults

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Valeo, Antonella; Faez. Farahnaz

    2013-01-01

    Research and development in language teacher education and, more recently, teacher accreditation has had enormous impact on the professional lives of ESL teachers in Canada. There has been less interest, however, in examining the career development and employment experiences of accredited ESL teachers as they transition from TESL programs to ESL…

  10. A pilot study: the effects of music therapy interventions on middle school students' ESL skills.

    PubMed

    Kennedy, Roy; Scott, Amanda

    2005-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of music therapy techniques on the story retelling and speaking skills of English as a Second Language (ESL) middle school students. Thirty-four middle school students of Hispanic heritage, ages 10-12, in high and low-functioning groups participated in the study for 12 weeks. Pretest to posttest data yielded significant differences on the story retelling skills between the experimental and control groups. Chi Square comparisons on English speaking skills also yielded significant results over 3 months of music therapy intervention. A variety of music therapy techniques were used including music and movement, active music listening, group chanting and singing, musical games, rhythmic training, music and sign language, and lyric analysis and rewrite activities as supplemental activities to the ESL goals and objectives. Comparisons of individual subjects' scores indicated that all of the students in the experimental groups scored higher than the control groups on story retelling skills (with the exception of 1 pair of identical scores), regardless of high and low functioning placement. Monthly comparisons of the high and low functioning experimental groups indicated significant improvements in English speaking skills as well. PMID:16411785

  11. "Does a Spider Have Fur"?: A Teacher's Journey in Building the Confidence to Blend the English Language Learning of ESL Students with Inquiry-Based Science

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zeegers, Yvonne; McKinnon, Heather

    2012-01-01

    This paper describes one aspect of an ESL teacher's journey, in which her voluntary involvement in a series of science-based professional learning events inspired her to use language-based objectives to develop and teach an integrated unit of work with ESL students. Her willingness to modify her usual pedagogical practice and the inspiration she…

  12. An Argument against Using Standardized Test Scores for Placement of International Undergraduate Students in English as a Second Language (ESL) Courses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kokhan, Kateryna

    2013-01-01

    Development and administration of institutional ESL placement tests require a great deal of financial and human resources. Due to a steady increase in the number of international students studying in the United States, some US universities have started to consider using standardized test scores for ESL placement. The English Placement Test (EPT)…

  13. Improving ESL Instruction for College-Bound Students. Final Report of the Project Conducted July 1, 1987 through June 30, 1988.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kayfetz, Janet; And Others

    Results are presented from the first phase of Coastline Community College's Improving English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) Instruction for College-Bound Students project. The goal of Phase 1 was the systematic collection of information about non-native English speakers and ESL subject matter to be used in course development and outcomes measurement.…

  14. Improving clinical communication of students with English as a second language (ESL) using online technology: a small scale evaluation study.

    PubMed

    Rogan, Fran; San Miguel, Caroline

    2013-09-01

    Increasingly, students with English as a second language (ESL) are enrolled in nursing degrees in English speaking countries (Wang et al., 2008). However, they may be at risk of clinical practice failure due to communication difficulties associated with unfamiliar linguistic and cultural factors (Guhde, 2003). This paper describes and evaluates an innovation to assist ESL nursing students at an Australian university develop their clinical communication skills and practice readiness by providing online learning resources, using podcast and vodcast technology, that blend with classroom activities and facilitate flexible and independent learning. The innovation builds on an intensive clinical language workshop program called 'Clinically Speaking' which has evolved through a cyclical process of ongoing research to produce resources in response to students' learning needs. Whilst uptake of the resources was modest, students of ESL as well as English speaking backgrounds (ESB) found the resources improved their clinical preparation and confidence by increasing their understanding of expectations, clinical language and communication skills. The innovation, developed with a modest budget, shows potential in developing ESL and ESB students' readiness for clinical communication, enabling them to engage in clinical practice to develop competency standards required of nursing graduates and registration authorities. PMID:23337389

  15. ESL Placement and Schools

    PubMed Central

    Callahan, Rebecca; Wilkinson, Lindsey; Muller, Chandra; Frisco, Michelle

    2010-01-01

    In this study, the authors explore English as a Second Language (ESL) placement as a measure of how schools label and process immigrant students. Using propensity score matching and data from the Adolescent Health and Academic Achievement Study and the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health, the authors estimate the effect of ESL placement on immigrant achievement. In schools with more immigrant students, the authors find that ESL placement results in higher levels of academic performance; in schools with few immigrant students, the effect reverses. This is not to suggest a one-size-fits-all policy; many immigrant students, regardless of school composition, generational status, or ESL placement, struggle to achieve at levels sufficient for acceptance to a 4-year university. This study offers several factors to be taken into consideration as schools develop policies and practices to provide immigrant students opportunities to learn. PMID:20617111

  16. Reading Strategies among ESL Malaysian Secondary School Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Semtin, Semry Anak; Maniam, Mahendran

    2015-01-01

    This study aimed to investigate the types of cognitive and metacognitive reading strategies employed by secondary school students in Malaysia to improve their comprehension. The study employed a mixed-method approach which involves the instruments of a questionnaire and an interview. This study was conducted at SMK Kapit, involving ninety Form 4…

  17. Inscribing Identity: Insights for Teaching from ESL Student's Journals

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, Jenny

    2007-01-01

    Linguistic minority students in schools must acquire and operate in a second language while negotiating mainstream texts and content areas, along with negotiating an emerging new sense of social identity. This article presents journal data from an Australian ethnographic study that explored the relationship between second-language use, textual…

  18. ESL Students' Perceptions and Experiences of Standardized English Writing Tests

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    He, Ling; Shi, Ling

    2008-01-01

    The present study interviewed 16 international students (13 from Mainland China and 3 from Taiwan) in a Canadian university to explore their perceptions and experiences of two standardized English writing tests: the TWE (Test of Written English) and the essay task in LPI (English Language Proficiency Index). In Western Canada, TWE is used as an…

  19. Thesis and Dissertation Writing: Preparing ESL Students for Research.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Paltridge, Brian

    1997-01-01

    Describes a program created to assist students of English as a Second Language in their preparation for thesis and dissertation writing by focusing on the thesis proposal as an important part of that process. Notes that they often experience difficulty meeting the demands of the kind of writing required at this level and often are unaware of the…

  20. Oral Competency of ESL Technical Students in Workplace Internships

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Myles, Johanne

    2009-01-01

    In recent years, an increasing number of university students in Canada speak a home language other than English, which can put added pressure on the kinds of linguistic, cultural, and academic support they may require in their tertiary education and in the workplace. Indeed, communication difficulties can surface in the workplace for students…

  1. Developing an EAP Writing Course for Chinese ESL Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hu, Guangwei

    2007-01-01

    Academic writing competence comprises attitudes, knowledge, skills, and strategies that enable one to produce writing in accordance with the expectations of the academic discourse community. This paper introduces an English for Academic Purposes (EAP) writing course developed to help students from China acquire an adequate level of academic…

  2. An Examination of ESL Taiwanese University Students' Multimodal Reading Responses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, Hsiao-Chien

    2013-01-01

    This article reports an empirical study conducted in a Taiwanese English as a second language university class. Reader response theory is the theoretical framework guiding the study. Fifty-nine university students were encouraged to collaboratively create multimodal responses to a classic English reading. Taking an aesthetic reading stance, the…

  3. Photography and Writing: Alternative Ways of Learning for ESL Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Friesen, Helen Lepp

    2012-01-01

    To writing, painting, drawing, and photography as artistic media, the author would like to add teaching as a creative endeavor as well. Especially in a classroom where English is not the first language for many students, the writing teacher needs to be creative with assignments and activities that address nontraditional ways of learning. Her…

  4. Helping Adult ESOL Students Increase Speaking and Listening Skills by Serving as Volunteers in Authentic Settings.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harrell, Edith Lynn

    This practicum paper documents a program that was developed and implemented to help adult, advanced English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) students increase their speaking and listening skills and build self confidence with native English speakers. The objective was to increase group average exit test scores in speaking and listening by at least two…

  5. Torchlights in ESL: Five Community College Profiles

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zachry, Elizabeth M.; Dibble, Emily; Seymour, Sharon; Leibman, Suzanne; Ares, Sandy; Larson, Beth; Ferguson, Pamela

    2007-01-01

    "Torchlights in ESL: Five Community College Profiles" grows out of the Council for Advancement of Adult Literacy's (CAAL's) recent two-year study of adult ESL service in community colleges. The five college programs at the heart of the study offer high quality ESL instruction and are considered exemplary. This publication is a supplement to the…

  6. Doing a Group Presentation: Negotiations and Challenges Experienced by Five Chinese ESL Students of Commerce at a Canadian University

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yang, Luxin

    2010-01-01

    This study investigated the negotiations and challenges experienced by five Chinese ESL (English as a second language) students of Commerce through their engagement in an academic presentation in a regular content course at a Canadian university. Multiple sources of data were collected, including interviews, class observations, group discussions,…

  7. A Descriptive-Comparative Analysis of Apology Strategies: The Case of Iranian EFL and Malaysian ESL University Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Farashaiyan, Atieh; Amirkhiz, Seyed Yasin Yazdi

    2011-01-01

    This paper reports on a study that was carried out to describe and compare the apology strategies utilized by Iranian EFL and Malaysian ESL learners in confronting identical apology situations. For this purpose, data were elicited from 15 Iranian and 15 Malaysian students through a "Discourse completion tasks" questionnaire. The…

  8. Investigating ESL Graduate Students' Intercultural Experiences of Academic English Writing: A First Person Narration of a Streamlined Qualitative Study Process

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gao, Lianhong

    2012-01-01

    This report is a first person narration of the entire process of a qualitative study exploring the impact of ESL students' native cultural and rhetorical conventions, as well as classroom cultures on their academic English writing in American universities. Data were collected through semistructured interviews. A coding system was constructed to…

  9. Comparative Difficulties with Non-Scientific General Vocabulary and Scientific/Medical Terminology in English as a Second Language (ESL) Medical Students

    PubMed Central

    Heming, Thomas A.; Nandagopal, Shobha

    2012-01-01

    Objectives: Medical education requires student comprehension of both technical (scientific/medical) and non-technical (general) vocabulary. Our experience with “English as a second language” (ESL) Arab students suggested they often have problems comprehending scientific statements because of weaknesses in their understanding of non-scientific vocabulary. This study aimed to determine whether ESL students have difficulties with general vocabulary that could hinder their understanding of scientific/medical texts. Methods: A survey containing English text was given to ESL students in the premedical years of an English-medium medical school in an Arabic country. The survey consisted of sample questions from the Medical College Admission Test (USA). Students were instructed to identify all unknown words in the text. Results: ESL students commenced premedical studies with substantial deficiencies in English vocabulary. Students from English-medium secondary schools had a selective deficiency in scientific/medical terminology which disappeared with time. Students from Arabic-medium secondary schools had equal difficulty with general and scientific/medical vocabulary. Deficiencies in both areas diminished with time but remained even after three years of English-medium higher education. Conclusion: Typically, when teaching technical subjects to ESL students, attention is focused on subject-unique vocabulary and associated modifiers. This study highlights that ESL students also face difficulties with the general vocabulary used to construct statements employing technical words. Such students would benefit from increases in general vocabulary knowledge. PMID:23275846

  10. The Best of ESL: Practical-Strategy Guide for ESL.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arnold, Wesley; Blue, Jama; Bosma, Amy Sak; Gillet, Rosemary; Korzhenyak, Ida; McCoy, Angelita Lopez; Nikiforov, Victoria; Nowak, Charlotte; Rande, Eileen; Rice, Susan M.

    The guide consists of essays on classroom practice and strategy in adult English-as-a-second-language (ESL) instruction. Essays on practice include: "Benefits of Cooperative Learning: A Guide for Beginning ESL Teachers" (Amy Sak Bosma); "Process Writing in the Adult Education Classroom" (Rosemary Gillet); "Grammar for Pre-Literates" (Ida…

  11. Recruiting Adult Education Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Learning Resources Network, Manhattan, KS.

    This document is the first nationwide compilation of successful recruiting techniques for students in adult basic education, literacy, General Educational Development classes, and adult high school degree programs. Information for the publication was gathered from a literature search and other sources, especially "Reaching the Least Educated," a…

  12. The Adult Student Population.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Snyder, Fred A.; Blocker, Clyde E.

    This study is concerned with the following topics on adult student attendance at Harrisburg Area Community College (HACC) during the 1969-70 academic year: student background, reason for attendance, enrollment in programs or courses, academic success, evidence of personal and occupational development. The report is based on the useable…

  13. Using the Internet for ESL Beginners.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Diamond, Judith

    This brief paper argues for using the Internet for English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) instruction. Students of all ages and levels share an enthusiasm for exploring information and interacting online, and the often heard conventional wisdom that the Internet is too difficult for all but the most advanced ESL students is not true. ESL teachers need…

  14. Closed Captioning: Students' Responses.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weasenforth, Donald L.

    A study investigated the attitudes of adult university students of English as a Second Language (ESL) toward use of closed captioned television (CCTV) as an instructional tool. Students at the intermediate (n=51) and advanced (n=55) levels of ESL study in classes using CCTV were administered a questionnaire concerning their perceptions of the…

  15. Mental Health and the Adult Refugee: The Role of the ESL Teacher. ERIC Digest.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Adkins, Myrna Ann; Sample, Barbara; Birman, Dina

    English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) teachers are often among the first people available to help refugees and other immigrants cope with a new cultural and linguistic environment. Although the identified role of the teacher is to teach English language skills, the teacher's role as cultural broker is also important. This digest focuses on how…

  16. The Perceptions of ESL Teachers of Color in Adult Education Programs in San Diego

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leung, Dorothy D.

    2010-01-01

    The problem: It is important to examine how U.S. born ESL teacher's of colors' ethnicity affects White colleagues and administrators, and their own teaching practice in order to eradicate the preconceived notions that a suitable language teacher should be one that is only recognized by the majority on the basis of race. Method: A qualitative…

  17. A Quantitative Investigation of ESL Teacher Knowledge in Australian Adult Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yazdanpanah, Lilly K.

    2015-01-01

    English as a second language (ESL) teaching is partly a thinking process in which teacher knowledge plays a pivotal role in making instructional choices (Breen, Hird, Milton, Oliver, & Thwaite, 2001). The present study contributes to understandings of teacher knowledge by exploring the types of knowledge, which practicing teachers value in…

  18. Church-Based ESL Adult Programs: Social Mediators for Empowering "Family Literacy Ecology of Communities"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chao, Xia; Mantero, Miguel

    2014-01-01

    This multi-sited ethnographic study examines the ways in which Latino and Asian immigrant parents' English learning through two church-based ESL programs in a Southeastern U.S. city affects their family literacy and home language practices. It demonstrates that the parents' participation in the programs is an empowering experience…

  19. Meeting the Writing Needs of Advanced ESL Learners.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bertoldi, Elizabeth

    1986-01-01

    A multifaceted approach to meeting the target language writing needs of adult English-as-a-second-language (ESL) students was built on the learners' expertise and experience. The technique expanded learners' knowledge of the written code of government writing and developed their ability to analyze and edit their own writing. (Author/CB)

  20. "No, Rolanda, Completely Wrong!" Positioning, Classroom Participation and ESL Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kayi-Aydar, Hayriye

    2013-01-01

    The current study, drawing on Positioning Theory, presents an analysis of various storylines of classroom interaction to illustrate how an adult ESL learner positioned himself and others in an academic oral skills class. Through a recursive micro-analysis of classroom talk, the findings demonstrate how this outspoken student shaped classroom…

  1. Eliminating Fear of the Blank Page: A Thematic Approach, aka Squeezing the California Department of Education's 1992 ESL Model Standards for Adult Education Programs into One Tidy Package.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    DesRoches, Diane

    An approach to teaching integrated language skills in adult English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) instruction is described. The technique uses a combination of classroom drama and role-playing, writing about the event, revision, publication, and follow-up activities to develop speaking, listening, reading, and writing skills. Eight stages are defined…

  2. The Effect of Singing Paired with Signing on Receptive Vocabulary Skills ofElementary ESL Students.

    PubMed

    Schunk

    1999-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of singing paired with signing on receptive vocabulary skills of elementary English as a Second Language (ESL) students. Eighty children attended language sessions in one of the following rehearsal conditions: sung text paired with signs, spoken text paired with signs, sung text, and a control group of spoken text only. Pretest and posttest data were analyzed to determine gains in receptive vocabulary identification. Results from this study indicate that all four groups made significant pretest to posttest gains. Children in the sung text paired with sign and the spoken text paired with sign conditions, however, made significantly greater gains in vocabulary recognition than those in the control condition of spoken text only. These findings suggest the benefits of integrating signs into second language rehearsal to provide visual cues and to engage students in meaningful physical participation. The condition yielding the highest mean gain score was that in which signing was paired with singing, indicating there may be advantages to using a combination of the two for language acquisition. PMID:10519847

  3. Adult ESL Korean Readers' Responses about Their Reading in L1 Korean and L2 English

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kim, Misun

    2010-01-01

    In this research study I explore: (a) beliefs Korean ESL readers have about reading in L1 and L2 prior to the Retrospective Miscue Analysis (RMA) sessions, (b) how their beliefs about reading affect the way they read in L1 and L2 and their evaluation of themselves as readers in L1 and L2 reading, and (c) change of their beliefs about reading and…

  4. How Do Chinese ESL Learners Recognize English Words during a Reading Test? A Comparison with Romance-Language-Speaking ESL Learners

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Li, Hongli; Suen, Hoi K.

    2015-01-01

    This study examines how Chinese ESL learners recognize English words while responding to a multiple-choice reading test as compared to Romance-language-speaking ESL learners. Four adult Chinese ESL learners and three adult Romance-language-speaking ESL learners participated in a think-aloud study with the Michigan English Language Assessment…

  5. Pedagogical Stances of High School ESL Teachers: "Huelgas" in High School ESL Classrooms

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    del Carmen Salazar, Maria

    2010-01-01

    This article presents a qualitative case study of the pedagogical stances of high school English as a Second Language (ESL) teachers, and the subsequent responses of resistance or conformity by their English Language Learners (ELLs). The participants include three high school ESL teachers and 60 high school ESL students of Mexican origin. Findings…

  6. Economic Essays on Adult Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shetty, Sandeep

    2013-01-01

    Adult students are an important component of the current U.S education landscape. They account for over 40% of the degree-seeking fresh enrollees in the U.S. colleges and according to the U.S. Department of Education, their growth will soon outpace that of traditional students. Adult students have also received considerable attention in higher…

  7. A Collaborative E-Mail Exchange for Teaching English as a Second Language to Intermediate Level ESL Students: A Case Study in a Hong Kong Secondary School.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Greenfield, Roseanne

    This dissertation is a qualitative case study examining the feelings, attitudes, and opinions of secondary school, English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) students toward collaborative e-mail exchange for the purpose of learning English between 10th and 11th grade between students in Hong Kong and Green River, Iowa, USA. The research looks at the…

  8. Emergency Immigration Education Act Programs. Summer ESL Welcome Program for Students of Limited English Proficiency, Summer Bilingual Program, Projects Omega, Wise, and Bell. Summer 1994. OER Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roman, Elliott M.

    The Emergency Immigration Education Act supported three distinct programs in New York City in the summer of 1994: (1) the Summer English as a Second Language (ESL) Welcome Program for Students of Limited English Proficiency; (2) the Summer Bilingual Program; and (3) Projects Omega, Wise, and Bell. The projects served 3,443 students in all. The…

  9. Language and Culture in Conflict. Problem-Posing in the ESL Classroom.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wallerstein, Nina

    This book grew out of an actual experience developing and implementing a problem-solving process, using the Paulo Freire approach, for teaching English as a second language (ESL) adult students. This process implies a serious and long-term commitment to developing critical thinking skills. The first part of the book discusses who the students are,…

  10. The ESL Starter Kit.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Virginia Commonwealth Univ., Richmond. Virginia Adult Education and Literacy Resource Center.

    The kit is intended for teachers beginning to teach English as a Second Language (ESL). The first part offers some ideas for testing, registering, and placing students according to their needs and goals. A sample registration form, placement test, list of commercially-available tests, and sample needs assessments are included here. The second…

  11. Sociocultural Dynamics of ESL Learning (De)Motivation: An Activity Theory Analysis of Two Adult Korean Immigrants

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kim, Tae-Young

    2011-01-01

    This study examines the longitudinal trajectories of two Korean ESL immigrants' L2 learning motivation from an Activity Theory perspective. Two highly skilled immigrants participated in monthly semistructured interviews over a period of 10 months. The research questions are as follows: (1) How does the relationship between ESL learners and their…

  12. The Effects of CMC Applications on ESL Writing Anxiety among Postgraduate Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hussin, Supyan; Abdullah, Mohamad Yahya; Ismail, Noriah; Yoke, Soo Kum

    2015-01-01

    This study investigates the effects of the CMC applications on the ESL/EFL writing anxiety. This is a descriptive study using a mixed-method that adopted both quantitative and qualitative approaches. Three instruments were employed to answer the research questions of the current study which are Second Language Writing Anxiety Inventory (SLWAI),…

  13. Tensions Between Validity and Outcomes: Teacher Assessment of Written Work of Recently Arrived Immigrant ESL Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arkoudis, Sophie; O'Loughlin, Kieran

    2004-01-01

    This article reports on a collaborative study involving ESL teachers in an Australian English Language Centre as they work through some of their concerns about reliability and validity in their assessment practices. The focus of this article is on how teachers work with the Curriculum Standards Framework (CSF) as an assessment tool. The discussion…

  14. ESL Coteaching and Collaboration: Opportunities to Develop Teacher Leadership and Enhance Student Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dove, Maria; Honigsfeld, Andrea

    2010-01-01

    Across the United States, mainstream and English as a second language (ESL) teachers have been sharing their expertise using coteaching and collaboration strategies gleaned from their counterparts in special education inclusion classrooms. These teacher leaders are working together to enhance instruction for their English language learner (ELL)…

  15. Do Peer Tutors Help Teach ESL Students to Learn English as a Second Language More Successfully?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lyttle, LeighAnne

    2011-01-01

    This research study tries to understand the information processing model and social learning theory in regards to teaching English as a Second Language (ESL) to Spanish speakers by using peer teaching methods. This study will examine each theory's concepts and frameworks to better comprehend what teaching methods support English language learning.…

  16. Socialising ESL Students into the Discourse of School Science through Academic Writing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Huang, Jingzi

    2004-01-01

    This paper takes the view of "language socialization" (Schieffelin & Ochs, 1986) to examine, through a case study of a secondary ESL science class, the instructional process that aims at facilitating the integration of specific science content learning and the construction of a particular kind of written discourse typically found in school…

  17. Text Organization and Transfer: The Case of Arab ESL Learners.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fakhri, Ahmed

    1994-01-01

    Explored the hypothesis that Arab learners of English as a Second Language (ESL) transfer Arabic text organization features into their English writing by examining essays written by 30 Arab ESL students and 30 non-Arab ESL students. The results indicated little evidence of transfer in either group. Implications for further research are discussed.…

  18. Composition Studies and ESL Writing: A Disciplinary Division of Labor.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Matsuda, Paul Kei

    1999-01-01

    Focuses on growth and development of English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) students at the undergraduate level between 1941 and 1966. Discusses developments and progress made in the profession of teaching ESL students. Shows how teaching ESL in this period inadvertently contributed to the creation of the disciplinary division of labor that continues…

  19. Using the Achieving Success Everyday (ASE) Group Model to Promote Self-Esteem and Academic Achievement for English as a Second Language (ESL) Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shi, Qi; Steen, Sam

    2012-01-01

    The Achieving Success Everyday (ASE) group model is used to promote self-esteem and academic performance of English as a second language (ESL) students. The findings from the preliminary data indicated that the participants' self-esteem was significantly improved after participation in the group. There was no significant improvement in the total…

  20. Coping with the Demands of Academic Literacy: Generation 1.5 ESL Community College Students and the Challenge of Reading to Learn While Still Learning to Read

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Flowers, George A., Jr.

    2013-01-01

    This quantitative study conducted in the ESL program at a large community college investigated the symbiotic relationship between reading and second-language learning from the perspective of the class of post-secondary functional bilinguals sometimes referred to as Generation 1.5. These students are long-term, resident second-language (L2) English…

  1. Using an Online Collaborative Project between American and Chinese Students to Develop ESL Teaching Skills, Cross-Cultural Awareness and Language Skills

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Angelova, Maria; Zhao, Ying

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore the potential of computer-mediated communication (CMC) tools to facilitate second language acquisition and develop English as a second language (ESL) teaching skills and cultural awareness. The paper describes a collaborative online project between students from China and the USA, who communicated using the…

  2. Incorporating digital health literacy into adult ESL education on the US-Mexico border

    PubMed Central

    Mein, Erika; Fuentes, Brenda; Soto Más, Francisco; Muro, Andrés

    2013-01-01

    The increasing digitization of information and communication has undoubtedly impacted the ways in which people in the United States access and interpret health information. Although the traditional emphasis of health literacy research has been the comprehension of health-related texts such as patient information forms, prescriptions, and medicine labels, the increased use of electronic means to locate health information requires more critical engagement with texts beyond basic comprehension. In accessing electronic health information, patients need to be able to navigate the vast amount of online health information and to interpret and synthesize health information across multiple sources (i.e. websites) while also evaluating the credibility of these sources. Recent health literacy research has examined the increased role of the media literacy in influencing health behaviors (Bergsma & Carney, 2008) and the role of increased access to computers (Salovey et al., 2009), but little (if any) research to date has provided recommendations for best practices related to meeting the health literacy demands required by digitization. This article attempts to fill this gap by exploring the use of the internet as a key source of health information and by looking at best practices in teaching digital health literacy. It describes the development of a digital literacy component within a community-based health literacy/ESL curriculum funded by the National Institutes of Health and implemented on the US-Mexico border. PMID:23730533

  3. Incorporating digital health literacy into adult ESL education on the US-Mexico border.

    PubMed

    Mein, Erika; Fuentes, Brenda; Soto Más, Francisco; Muro, Andrés

    2012-12-01

    The increasing digitization of information and communication has undoubtedly impacted the ways in which people in the United States access and interpret health information. Although the traditional emphasis of health literacy research has been the comprehension of health-related texts such as patient information forms, prescriptions, and medicine labels, the increased use of electronic means to locate health information requires more critical engagement with texts beyond basic comprehension. In accessing electronic health information, patients need to be able to navigate the vast amount of online health information and to interpret and synthesize health information across multiple sources (i.e. websites) while also evaluating the credibility of these sources. Recent health literacy research has examined the increased role of the media literacy in influencing health behaviors (Bergsma & Carney, 2008) and the role of increased access to computers (Salovey et al., 2009), but little (if any) research to date has provided recommendations for best practices related to meeting the health literacy demands required by digitization. This article attempts to fill this gap by exploring the use of the internet as a key source of health information and by looking at best practices in teaching digital health literacy. It describes the development of a digital literacy component within a community-based health literacy/ESL curriculum funded by the National Institutes of Health and implemented on the US-Mexico border. PMID:23730533

  4. ESL Instruction in Adult Education: Findings from a National Evaluation. ERIC Digest.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fitzgerald, Nicholas B.

    A 1994 Department of Education national evaluation of federally-supported adult education programs looked at programs' effectiveness in improving literacy skills, English language proficiency, and secondary school completion. National policy on adult literacy education is articulated in the Adult Education Act (AEA) and National Literacy Act,…

  5. University and Community Collaborations in Migrant ESL

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McLaughlin, John; Rodriguez, Maria; Madden, Carolyn

    2008-01-01

    Migrant English as a Second Language (ESL) has been an important form of rural adult education in the United States for decades. This chapter provides a national and historical overview of rural and migrant ESL. The educational needs of the growing population of seasonal, migrant agricultural workers are discussed and situated in relation to the…

  6. Recruiting and Retaining Adult Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hadfield, Janice

    2003-01-01

    Adult learners, long the stepchildren of colleges and universities, have nearly become the norm, and they spend billions of dollars each year on education. This chapter takes a customer-oriented approach to recruiting and retaining adult students in higher education. (GCP)

  7. The Mediation of Technology in ESL Writing and Its Implications for Writing Assessment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Li, Jiang

    2006-01-01

    The present study investigated the influence of word processing on the writing of students of English as a second language (ESL) and on writing assessment as well. Twenty-one adult Mandarin-Chinese speakers with advanced English proficiency living in Toronto participated in the study. Each participant wrote two comparable writing tasks under…

  8. Cooperative Learning Tasks in a Grade 6 Intensive ESL Class: Role of Scaffolding

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gagne, Nathalie; Parks, Susan

    2013-01-01

    Although a number of studies have investigated classroom-based peer interaction with adults and high school students, research pertaining to children in the elementary grades is scant. Drawing on sociocultural theory, the present study investigated how children in an intensive elementary level Grade 6 class for English as a second language (ESL)…

  9. Letters from Home: An Exhibit-Building Project for the ESL Classroom.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Postal Museum, Washington, DC. Education Dept.

    This curriculum is designed to be a flexible enrichment project for adult English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) education by harnessing the dynamic power of letters for language learning purposes. The goals of the project are to help teachers assisting students in developing communication skills, encourage social interaction as a means of building…

  10. Ending Remediation: Linking ESL and Content in Higher Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Benesch, Sarah, Ed.

    A collection of essays on the integration of English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) and content area instruction in higher education includes: "Using Feedback from ESL Students To Enhance Their Success in College" (Trudy Smoke); "When There Are No Links Between ESL and Content Courses" (Elaine Brooks); "The Adjunct Model of Language Instruction: An…

  11. Helping ESL Learners Succeed. Fastback 484.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johns, Kenneth M.; Torrez, Nena

    This booklet explains that teachers need to upgrade the strategies they use to help students who are learning English as a Second Language (ESL), describing several strategies that have been derived from advances in bilingual education and ESL research during the last 20 years. The introduction explains first language acquisition. The next section…

  12. Ouch! Or ESL and the Glass Ceiling.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Migliacci, Naomi

    The realities of the glass ceiling, which prevents qualified women, minorities, and many English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) students from advancement and promotion, are rarely discussed in English for Special Purposes (ESP)/ESL programs and courses. This paper explores the barriers to success, focusing on the sociolinguistic factors of verbal and…

  13. Collaboration Model for ESL and Content Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Broer, Kathleen

    2013-01-01

    This study will examine strategies that ESL teachers and content teachers can use to help middle school ESL students acquire science vocabulary and meta-cognitive strategies for writing skills in non-fiction text forms. Two appendixes are included. (Contains 3 figures and 2 footnotes.)

  14. Promoting Engagement with Peer-Reviewed Journal Articles in Adult ESL Programs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abbott, Marilyn L.; Rossiter, Marian J.; Hatami, Sarvenaz

    2015-01-01

    Engagement with current research is essential for the implementation of evidence-informed instructional practices in adult English as a second language classrooms. We explored Canadian administrators' and instructors' engagement with peer-reviewed research articles, perceptions of their impact, and ways in which stakeholders could enhance…

  15. Segmental Acquisition in Adult ESL Learners: A Longitudinal Study of Vowel Production

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Munro, Murray J.; Derwing, Tracey M.

    2008-01-01

    Research on second language (L2) phonetic learning indicates that, even in adults, segmental acquisition remains possible through L2 experience. However, the findings of previous cross-sectional studies of vowel and consonant learning have proved difficult to interpret. In this longitudinal investigation of 44 recent arrivals in Canada,…

  16. Participation Structure and Incidental Focus on Form in Adult ESL Classrooms

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nassaji, Hossein

    2013-01-01

    This study examined the role of incidental focus on form (FonF) in adult English-as-a-second-language classrooms. Specifically, it explored the extent to which the amount, type, and effectiveness of FonF were related to differences in classroom participation structure, that is, the organization of classroom talk within which FonF may occur. The…

  17. ESL Technologies: The Universal Language

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Waters, John K.

    2007-01-01

    The number of immigrant students in US schools has more than doubled in the past 15 years. In response, teachers are broadening their ESL programs with the one tool that translates in all dialects--computer technology. Students who are learning English for the first time, better known as English language learners (ELL), make up a greater…

  18. What Adult ESL Learners Say about Improving Grammar and Vocabulary in Their Writing for Academic Purposes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zhou, Ally A.

    2009-01-01

    Linguistic accuracy plays an important role in the quality of written texts, yet the explicit teaching of linguistic form--particularly grammar--for the purpose of improving learners' writing has generated an ongoing debate. Furthermore, students' voices about their learning are often ignored because they are perceived as not knowing what they…

  19. Assessing the Literacy Needs of Adult Learners of ESL. ERIC Digest.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Santopietro, Kathleen; Peyton, Joy Kreeft

    Traditionally, student assessment has focused on measuring learner skills. Assessment of literacy needs, from the learner's perspective, is also an important part of an instructional program. This digest focuses on ways to determine what learners want or believe they need to learn. Many of the activities described can include or lead to assessment…

  20. Adult ESL in Higher Education: Balancing Academic Learning, Speech Science and English Language Arts.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Buttaro, Lucia

    2004-01-01

    Replicating earlier studies, 66 English as a second language speech students at a community college undertook content-based second language learning in psychology, sociology, and history. End-of-semester assessments showed they had improved second-language confidence and learned academic subject matter; most agreed sheltered courses were a useful…

  1. Counseling Needs of Adult Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Erickson, Mildred B.

    This study was undertaken to determine the needs of adults who had decided to return to school for higher education, the basic hypothesis being that their needs (which are different from those of younger students) are not being met. A questionnaire was sent to more than 1,100 men and women over 26 years of age who were attempting to complete an…

  2. The Impact of a Reading Intervention for Low-Literate Adult ESL Learners. Executive Summary. NCEE 2011-4004

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Condelli, Larry; Cronen, Stephanie; Bos, Johannes; Tseng, Fannie; Altuna, Jacklyn

    2010-01-01

    To help improve research-based knowledge of effective instruction for low-literate ESL (English as a second language) learners, the National Center for Education Evaluation and Regional Assistance of ED's (U.S. Department of Education's) Institute of Education Sciences contracted with the American Institutes of Research (AIR) to conduct a Study of…

  3. The Impact of a Reading Intervention for Low-Literate Adult ESL Learners. NCEE 2011-4003

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Condelli, Larry; Cronen, Stephanie; Bos, Johannes; Tseng, Fannie; Altuna, Jacklyn

    2010-01-01

    To help improve research-based knowledge of effective instruction for low-literate ESL (English as a second language) learners, the National Center for Education Evaluation and Regional Assistance of ED's (U.S. Department of Education's) Institute of Education Sciences contracted with the American Institutes of Research (AIR) to conduct a Study of…

  4. Hands-On English: A Periodical for Teachers and Tutors of Adult English as a Second Language, 2002-2003.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Silliman, Anna, Ed.

    2003-01-01

    These six issues of a periodical intended for teachers and tutors of adult English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) students offer articles and features including the following: readers' comments and questions; in-class map practice ideas; songs for English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) learning; suggested films to show in class; conversation activities;…

  5. Teaching Nontraditional Adult Students: Adult Learning Theories in Practice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chen, Joseph C.

    2014-01-01

    As the USA experiences rapid growth of nontraditional adult students in higher education, educators and institutions will increasingly need to look beyond the traditional youth-centric educational models to better address adult learning needs. To date, no research has been conducted examining the learning experiences of adult students enrolled in…

  6. Topical Knowledge and ESL Writing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    He, Ling; Shi, Ling

    2012-01-01

    This study investigates the effects of topical knowledge on ESL (English as a Second Language) writing performance in the English Language Proficiency Index (LPI), a standardized English proficiency test used by many post-secondary institutions in western Canada. The participants were 50 students with different levels of English proficiency…

  7. Credit Traps Can Hurt Your Adult Learners.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Valentine, Tom, Ed.; Sandlin, Jenny, Ed.

    1996-01-01

    This document, which was written for adult educators in Georgia, offers instructional plans and practical strategies for helping students in adult literacy, adult basic education (ABE), General Educational Development, and English-as-a-second-language (ESL) programs understand the credit traps that can hurt them. The document begins with a…

  8. Planning Developmental Interventions for Adult Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Champagne, Delight E.

    Student affairs professionals have come to realize that the student body on college campuses is changing. Adult students are filling the spaces left vacant by a diminishing traditional-aged student population. Interventions in student affairs, however, are often targeted for the specific developmental tasks of the traditional student. Student…

  9. Adult Academy Tutor Training Manual.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Isserlis, Janet; And Others

    This handbook is for volunteer tutors, student interns, and VISTA volunteers working with adult basic education (ABE) and English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) learners. The community-based handbook contains information about adult literacy and tutoring--what tutors do, who the learners are, and how the literacy learning process works. Introductory…

  10. A Sourcebook for Integrating ESL and Content Instruction Using the Foresee Approach.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kidd, Richard; Marquardson, Brenda

    This sourcebook presents an approach to teaching students of English as a Second Language (ESL) that integrates communicative competence, cognitive and academic language development, and content instruction. It is intended for use by elementary school teachers of ESL and regular classroom teachers whose classes contain ESL students. An…

  11. Strangers and Professionals: Positioning Discourse in ESL Teachers' Work

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haneda, Mari; Nespor, Jan

    2013-01-01

    English Language Learners (ELLs) usually spend most of the school day with regular classroom teachers. The ability of English-as-a-second-language (ESL) teachers to help these students, then, depends in part on their ability to influence how the classroom teachers think of ELL students and ESL itself. One way ESL teachers do this is through…

  12. Teaching Adult Students Mathematical Investigations-6.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Angiama, R. O.

    Teaching Adult Students Mathematical Investigation is based on the continuing research work carried out for the last ten years of teaching on the Foundation Course in Mathematics at Goldsmiths, University of London. Teaching Mathematical Investigation to adult students is a very challenging and often rewarding experience for adult educators as…

  13. Counseling the Adult Basic Education Student.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Champagne, Delight E.

    This guide is designed for use by counselors and teachers working with adult basic education (ABE) students. Discussed first is the importance of viewing adult learners as clients. The unique characteristics of the ABE student are examined. Presented next is an adult counseling model that includes the following program participation phases:…

  14. "Completely Different Worlds": EAP and the Writing Experiences of ESL Students in University Courses.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leki, Ilona; Carson, Joan

    1997-01-01

    Analyzes interview data collected from English-as-a-Second-Language students regarding their writing experience in English for academic purposes (EAP) and other courses. Characterizes students' reactions to three types of writing contexts and argues that EAP courses requiring students to write from general knowledge or personal experience limit…

  15. Improving English Language Competency Among ESL Second Grade Children Through a Socially Interactive Communicative Language Teaching (CLT) Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Landry, Maureen D.

    A school situation was studied in which students of English as a Second Language (ESL) were not developing English communicative competence because ESL students were segregated from fluent English-speaking (FES) students. ESL students were having difficulties with English reading, writing, and math concepts. In response to this situation a program…

  16. A Grounded Theory of Adult Student Persistence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Capps, Rosemary

    2010-01-01

    This grounded theory study investigates adult student persistence at a community college. Student persistence in college is a prerequisite for degree achievement, which correlates with higher earnings and overall better quality of life. Persistence rates remain low for adult students, who combine their college endeavors with responsibilities to…

  17. Study Circle Guide: Adult Student Persistence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Center for the Study of Adult Learning and Literacy (NCSALL), 2006

    2006-01-01

    This study circle was created by the National Center for the Study of Adult Learning and Literacy (NCSALL). The study circle is part of NCSALL's efforts to help connect research and practice in the field of adult basic education and adult literacy. The Adult Student Persistence Study Circle is one of a series of study circles that NCSALL has…

  18. Using Literature and Multiple Technologies in ESL Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Traore, Moussa; Kyei-Blankson, Lydia

    2010-01-01

    Many instructors are using literary texts along with language structure books in English as a Secondary Language (ESL) classrooms with the aim of increasing students' language skills. Since literature is often written to portray a particular cultural or authentic experience, the material presented may not be familiar to ESL students. Also, the…

  19. Teaching Techniques for the ESL Literacy Classroom. [Videotape.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gati, Sally

    This 71-minute videotape presents a three-part program of classroom teaching techniques for teachers of English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) literacy students. It shows students interacting with ESL literacy teachers, and focuses on: (1) essential teaching tools (chalkboard, easel, overhead projector, butcher paper, realia, pictures, flash cards,…

  20. ESL Persistence: A Summary Report. Research Report #520.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kangas, Jon Alan; Budros, Kathleen

    At Evergreen Valley College (EVC) and San Jose City College (SJCC), there are five levels of English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) instruction below Transfer Level English (English 1A). A student cannot graduate until English 1A has been completed successfully. A study was conducted to determine the number and percentage of ESL students who began at…

  1. An Empirical Study on New Teacher-Student Relationship and Questioning Strategies in ESL Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sun, Zuosheng

    2012-01-01

    Teacher-student relationship and questioning strategies are extremely crucial elements in English teaching and learning. Questioning strategies can influence learners' emotional changes in classroom and the relationship between teachers & students. The affective factors play a very important role in language teaching & learning.…

  2. When Background Matters: Three Writing Center Employees' Views on ESL Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hall, Helena

    This paper presents findings based on interviews with three employees of a university writing center about their experience tutoring foreign students. International students who are not native speakers of English but want to enroll in American universities must demonstrate a basic level of competence in English before they can participate in a…

  3. Benefits of Collaborative Writing for ESL Advanced Diploma Students in the Production of Reports

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fong, Lin Siew

    2012-01-01

    This study analyzes the collaborative writing sessions of two groups of advanced diploma economics students with mixed proficiency. Although studies in collaborative writing usually highlight the mixed results of students' collaboration ranging from promoting peer learning to having unresolved conflict, the findings of this paper only provide the…

  4. Outreach and Orientation for ESL Students and Bilingual Welding and Automotive Programs. Vocational Education Resource Package.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Evaluation and Training Inst., Los Angeles, CA.

    This Vocational Education Resource Package (VERP) was developed to provide materials useful in replicating an exemplary vocational education program for special student populations in the California Community Colleges. This VERP provides information on two programs for limited English proficient students developed at Santa Barbara City College…

  5. Dialectical Ethnographic "Cleansing": ESL Students' Attitudes Towards Three Varieties of English.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kahtany, Abdallah Hady al-

    1995-01-01

    Examined the attitudes of 14 Saudi Arabian college students at Michigan State University toward Standard American English (SAE), Black English (BE), and Indian English (IE). Results found that the students favored SAE over BE and IE, and considered IE to be both a poor variety of English and inappropriate as a medium of instruction. (24…

  6. "So What Are You Talking About?": The Importance of Student Questions in the ESL Classroom.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Skilton, Ellen; Meyer, Thomas

    1993-01-01

    Although recent classroom research on second language acquisition has begun to focus on student discourse, there are still few studies which examine student questions and their influence in the classroom. Based on multiple observations of four classrooms in an intensive English program, the researchers investigate the factors that work together to…

  7. Can a Successful ESL Teacher Hold Deficit Beliefs of Her Students' Home Languages and Cultures?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hertzog, Lisa

    2011-01-01

    In this article the author explores the seeming contradictions between the successful teaching practices of an English as a Second Language teacher and the deficit beliefs she expressed toward her students' home languages and cultures. This teacher believed her students were smart and capable, and she held herself accountable for her students…

  8. Understanding the experiences of a group of Yemeni students in an ESL science class

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fradi, Gihan

    American classrooms are experiencing an influx of diverse language speaking students while for science educators the study of EBL students' learning in science classrooms is a relatively new field (Lee & Buxton, 2010). At the same time there is a growing emphasis on the importance of science practices (NGSS). This poses significant challenges for science educators who are enacting science curriculum that supports all students' learning. Supporting EBL students' academic achievement is significant because literacy is important for students' access to economic and social benefits that come with science literacy (Atwater, 1996). The purpose of this study was to examine the socio-linguistic challenges that a specific group of EBL students (Yemeni) faced and the extent to which such challenges affected their academic performance in science. These challenges are related to linguistic and cultural interactions, which can lead to conflicts between student and school, thereby interfering with the effectiveness of their education. This study also examined these students' and their science teacher's perspectives on strategies that can be used to facilitate their language acquisition during science class and help them become active participants in the school and classroom communities. The study used a qualitative interpretive research methodology and involved four Arab-American EBL students (two males and two females) from Yemen, who had been in the US for different periods of time. The amount of time these students had been in the US was important to examine differences in their acculturation and challenges they faced. Similarly, the use of female and male student participants was important to understand the impact of gender in the lived experiences of these students. The results of the study indicated that all the participants struggled with linguistic, social, and cultural aspects of their life in an American high school. These in turn led to a sense of being different

  9. Complexity and Community: Finding What Works in Workplace ESL

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brooks, Ann K.

    2009-01-01

    This chapter addresses the complexity of providing workplace ESL by identifying patterns of "best practices" in the related fields of human resource management, adult education, and training and development, all of which have a stake in workplace ESL and the integration of immigrant workers.

  10. Exploring ESL Learners' Use of Hypermedia Reading Glosses.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ercetin, Gulcan

    2003-01-01

    Explores the types of annotations intermediate and advanced English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) learners preferred to use while they were engaged in reading a hypermedia text. Also investigated learners' attitudes towards reading in a hypermedia environment. Participants were 84 adult ESL learners. Participants indicated the hypermedia environment…

  11. The ESL Teacher as Plurilingual: An Australian Perspective

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ellis, Elizabeth

    2013-01-01

    This article reports a study on a little-researched area: the linguistic repertoires of teachers of English as a second language (ESL) to adults. It proposes that, to heed recent calls to recognise learners' plurilingualism and to incorporate learners' languages in the ESL classroom, teachers' plurilingualism must be acknowledged…

  12. Learning to Teach English Language in the Practicum: What Challenges do Non-Native ESL Student Teachers Face?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gan, Zhengdong

    2013-01-01

    This study investigates the challenges sixteen non-native preservice ESL teachers in a Bachelor of Education (English Language) (BEdEL) programme from Hong Kong experienced in an eight-week teaching practicum. Qualitative data from semi-structured interviews and reflective journals were collected from all 16 participants to obtain a detailed…

  13. International ESL Graduate Student Perceptions of Online Learning in the Context of Second Language Acquisition and Culturally Responsive Facilitation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tan, Fujuan; Nabb, Lee; Aagard, Steven; Kim, Kioh

    2010-01-01

    The development of technology has made adult and higher education learning opportunities increasingly more accessible to a growing number of people. With the number of courses steadily increasing to meet students' needs and demands, and because programs are likewise changing to incorporate more online learning opportunities, international, English…

  14. English as a Second Language Teacher Resource Handbook. A Practical Guide for K-12 ESL Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hudelson, Sarah, Ed.

    The handbook is designed as a practical reference for English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) teachers, curriculum developers, teacher trainers, and student teachers. It provides basic information on the background of ESL programs and current information on publications, standards, and special materials for elementary and secondary school ESL. It does…

  15. A Functional Approach to Evaluating Content Knowledge and Language Development in ESL Students' Science Classification Texts.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Huang, Jingzi; Morgan, Glenn

    2003-01-01

    Investigates use of a functional approach to discourse analysis--knowledge structure analysis, which focuses on meaning, form, and function simultaneously--to evaluate both writing development and content learning. Examined written texts in science, produced by English-as-a-Second-Language students with limited to intermediate English language…

  16. The Preferences of ESL Students for Error Correction in College-Level Writing Classes.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leki, Ilona

    1991-01-01

    Presents the results of a survey of 100 English-as-a-Second-Language college students about what kinds of paper corrective marking techniques help them the most to improve their writing, which corrections they read, which corrections they retain best, and their reactions to positive and negative comments on the form and content of their writing.…

  17. Effects of Task and Rater Background on the Evaluation of ESL Student Writing: A Pilot Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weigle, Sara Cushing; Boldt, Heather; Valsecchi, Maria Ines

    2003-01-01

    Investigates differences in the evaluation of text-responsible (TR) writing and non-text responsible writing by English-as-a-Second-Language instructors and instructors in other disciplines. TR writing requires students to demonstrate understanding of specific texts in their writing rather than writing from personal experience or using a source…

  18. Identity and Language Functions: High School Chinese Immigrant Students' Code-Switching Dilemmas in ESL Classes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Liang, Xiaoping

    2006-01-01

    This study examines classroom code-switching in relation to individual and group identity and to functional use of two languages. It investigates how high school Chinese immigrant students perceive the use of first language (L1) and second language (L2) in class, and how they use these languages during group activities. The interview data…

  19. American Textbooks and Tamil Students: Discerning Ideological Tensions in the ESL Classroom.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Canagarajah, A. Suresh

    1993-01-01

    Ways that teacher-conducted classroom research can interrogate ideological tensions in the English-as-a-Second-Language classroom are discussed. Using a poststructuralist perspective on language, the paper interprets verbal and visual signs in the American textbook and the graffiti scribbled by students in the margins. Much deals with ethnic…

  20. Using Graphic Organizers to Improve Reading Comprehension Skills for the Middle School ESL Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Praveen, Sam D.; Rajan, Premalatha

    2013-01-01

    "A picture is worth a thousand words." In a modern-day classroom, students are surrounded by visual imagery through textbooks, notice boards, television, videos, or computers. Many middle school classrooms are filled with colorful pictures and photographs. However, it is unclear how--or if --these images impact the middle school ESL…

  1. The Development and Use of a Reading Strategy Inventory for ESL College Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zhang, Zhicheng

    Reading is an essential way of attaining information, particularly for students studying in a university. Using reading strategies is extremely important for non-native readers of English because it serves as an effective way to overcome language deficiency and obtain better reading achievement. A study determined the psychometric properties of a…

  2. Pleasure Reading Behavior and Attitude of Non-Academic ESL Students: A Replication Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ro, Eunseok; Chen, Cheng-Ling Alice

    2014-01-01

    The present study replicated the methods and data analysis of Crawford Camiciottoli's (2001) study on second language (L2) reading behavior of academic English-as-a-foreign-language students. Using the original study's questionnaire, we investigated 60 advanced non-academic English-as-a-second-language learners' L2 reading frequency…

  3. Three ESL Students Writing a Policy Paper Assignment: An Activity-Analytic Perspective

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Li, Yongyan

    2013-01-01

    How university students write from sources has been an issue of long-standing interest among researchers of advanced academic literacy. Previous research in this regard in the context of L2 writing has tended to focus on novices' textual borrowing; less attention has been given to exploring the potential light that theories from other intellectual…

  4. The ESL Student IS the Mainstream: The Marginalization of Diversity in Current Canadian Educational Debates.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cummins, Jim; Cameron, Linda

    1994-01-01

    Presents the debate on linguistic and cultural diversity within the broader discourse of educational reform across Canada. Argues that issues related to English-as-a-Second-Language students have been marginalized in back-to-basics discourse. Critiques this marginalization and analyzes the inherent contradictions of its champions. (HB)

  5. Let's Go Riding in the Car. An ESL/Geography Module. Teacher's Guide [and] Student Booklet.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carver, Peter; Howard, Joan

    The teacher's guide to a set of instructional materials for an English as a second language unit on automobiles as a form of transportation focuses on the history of the auto's development, importance to the Canadian economy, and impact on the lives of Canadians. The target audience is secondary students at intermediate and advanced English…

  6. Adult International Students: Problems of Adjustment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Huntley, Helen S.

    This paper examines research findings on adult international students and their adjustment problems while attending U.S. schools of higher education. Specific areas related to the adult student, some of which may also involve related issues of gender and country of origin, are discussed, as well as problem areas and hurdles unique to foreign…

  7. Adult Student Needs and University Instructional Practices.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Backus, Julie M.

    1984-01-01

    The growing number of adult learners in college classrooms makes an evaluation of instructional strategies important. Teaching strategies and student perceptions towards faculty and the institution are relevant considerations for the educator of adult students. Recommendations for improving university instruction are given. (DF)

  8. Anxiety and the Newly Returned Adult Student

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cleary, Michelle Navarre

    2012-01-01

    Based on interviews with students who had recently returned to school, this essay demonstrates the need for, challenges of, and ways to respond to the writing anxiety many adults bring with them back to school. Jessica and Sam were two of twenty-five newly returned adult students whom the author spent over sixty hours interviewing in the fall of…

  9. Handbook for Volunteers: Adult Education Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Koehler, C. Russell

    Designed for volunteers in Olympic College's Adult Education Volunteer Classroom Assistant Project, this handbook discusses volunteer tutors' roles, characteristics of Adult Basic Education (ABE) and English as a Second Language (ESL) students, suggested teaching techniques, tips for working with instructors, and college policies and regulations.…

  10. Developing Academic Literacy and Voice: Challenges Faced by a Mature ESL Student and Her Instructors (Desarrollo del discurso académico y la voz: retos de una estudiante de inglés como segunda lengua y sus profesores)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Correa, Doris

    2010-01-01

    Drawing on critical, socio-cultural and sociolinguistic theories of writing, text and voice, this ethnographic study examines the challenges that a mature ESL student and her instructors in a university course on Spanish Language Media face as they co-construct a common understanding of academic literacy and voice in an undergraduate General…

  11. Changing medical students' attitudes toward older adults.

    PubMed

    Gonzales, Ernest; Morrow-Howell, Nancy; Gilbert, Pat

    2010-01-01

    Given the growth in the number of older adults and the ageist attitudes many in the health care profession hold, interventions aimed at improving health professionals' attitudes toward older adults are imperative. Vital Visionaries is an intergenerational art program designed to improve medical students' attitudes toward older adults. Participants met for four 2-hour sessions at local art museums to create and discuss art. Three hundred and twenty-eight individuals (112 treatment group, 96 comparison, 120 older adults) in eight cities participated in the program and evaluation. Participants completed pre-and postsurveys that captured their attitude toward older adults, perception of commonality with older adults, and career plans. Findings suggest that medical students' attitudes toward old adults were positive at pretest. However, Vital Visionary students became more positive in their attitudes toward older adults at posttest (p < .001), with a moderate effect size, G = .60, and they felt they had more in common with older adults at posttest (p < .001), with a moderate effect size, G = .64. The program did not influence their career plans (p = .35). Findings from this demonstration project suggest that socializing medical students with healthy older adults through art programs can foster positive attitudes and enhance their sense of commonality with older adults. PMID:20730650

  12. The ESL Lab as Tutorial and Learning Center.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sherwood, Walter; Davis, Margaret Robbins

    A language laboratory component became an integral part of the ESL (English as a second language) program at Sacramento City College when student enrollment increased and a freeze on hiring new teachers went into effect. While the number of class hours of each ESL course was reduced, an hour or two per week of laboratory work was added. The term…

  13. National Adult Student Priorities Report, 2003.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    USA Group Noel-Levitz, Iowa City, IA.

    This report presents the results of the fourth annual National Adult Student Priorities Study (ASPS) conducted to determine the areas of highest importance to students 25 years and older, the areas of greatest and least satisfaction to these college students, and the greatest performance gaps between levels of importance and levels of…

  14. Teaching Reading and Writing to ESL Learners (K-8). An ERIC-Based Resource Document for Teachers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goodman, Ellen, Comp.; Hevia, Mary, Comp.

    This collection of papers on English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) reading and writing instruction includes: "The Use of the Newspaper in Teaching ESL Students" (Andrea Bittman); "Using a Combination of Life Experience Stories and Other Types of Stories To Teach the Writing Process and Build Self Confidence within the ESL Student" (Kathy Brightman);…

  15. Variations on a Theme: Film and ESL.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    MacDonald, Gina; MacDonald, Andrew

    A carefully-planned course in English as a Second Language (ESL) based on film can be a highly effective and enjoyable way to introduce students to both language and culture. The ready availability of videocassettes makes film a viable teaching tool. Film naturally combines a variety of language skills as students decode dialogue, read criticism,…

  16. Adaptive Learning for ESL Based on Computation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wang, Ya-huei; Liao, Hung-Chang

    2011-01-01

    In the conventional English as a Second Language (ESL) class-based learning environment, teachers use a fixed learning sequence and content for all students without considering the diverse needs of each individual. There is a great deal of diversity within and between classes. Hence, if students' learning outcomes are to be maximised, it is…

  17. Differences in Selection Criteria among Traditional Students, Adult Continuing Education Students and Graduate Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schimmel, Kurt; Eschenfelder, Mark; Clark, John; Marco, Gayle; Racic, Stanko

    2009-01-01

    This paper examines college selection cues and criteria differences among three important segments of students. These segments were traditional undergraduate students, adult continuing education students and graduate students. There were significant differences among the a-priori defined segments.

  18. "La unión hace la fuerza": Community Organizing in Adult Education for Immigrants

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carlock, Russell H., Jr.

    2016-01-01

    Adult English as a second language (ESL) educators have struggled to move beyond skills-based instruction to implement more student-centered, contextualized pedagogy that prepares students to become active citizens and to solve real-world problems, even as the growing number of immigrants make adult education increasingly important for determining…

  19. Mapping the Misunderstood Population of Adult Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ashburn, Elyse

    2007-01-01

    Adult students are not well documented, are frequently left out of discussions of higher-education policy, and are not fully understood by the colleges they attend, says a report ("Returning to Learning: Adults' Success in College is Key to America's Future") released this week by the Lumina Foundation for Education. As a result, those students…

  20. Integrated Curricular Approaches in Reaching Adult Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Emerick-Brown, Dylan

    2013-01-01

    In the field of adult basic education, there are two strategies that have been found to be of particular value to student learning: multiple intelligences and purpose-based learning. However, putting these learning theories into practice is not always as easy as an educator might at first believe. Adult basic education teacher Dylan Emerick-Brown…

  1. Predicting the Future of ESL.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ashworth, Mary

    Influences in the classroom of English as a second language (ESL) are briefly reviewed as a preface to a discussion of the past, present, and future of ESL instruction in Canada. Ten influences on ESL's past are examined in terms of their effects on ESL teachers: international, national, social, political, economic, commercial, media,…

  2. Electrostatic Levitator (ESL) Facility

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1998-01-01

    The Electrostatic Levitator (ESL) Facility established at Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) supports NASA's Microgravity Materials Science Research Program. NASA materials science investigations include ground-based, flight definition and flight projects. Flight definition projects, with demanding science concept review schedules, receive highest priority for scheduling experiment time in the Electrostatic Levitator (ESL) Facility.

  3. ESL VI Curriculum Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Flander, Leonard

    This curriculum guide for English as a Second Language (ESL) Level VI is the sixth of six in a Guam Community College ESL project series. The other five guides, a companion teacher's guide and pre- and post-tests are available separately (see note). The entire project centers around the Peabody Kits P, Level P, Level 1, Level 2, Level 3, and the…

  4. ESL V Curriculum Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Flander, Leonard

    This curriculum guide for English as a Second Language (ESL) Level V is the fifth of six in the Guam Community College ESL project series. The other five guides, a companion teacher's guide, and pre- and post-tests are available separately (see note). The entire project centers around the Peabody Kits P, Level P, Level 1, Level 2, Level 3, and the…

  5. National Adult Student Priorities Report, 2002.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    USA Group Noel-Levitz, Iowa City, IA.

    This report describes the third annual National Adult Student Priorities Study (ASPS), an attempt to determine the areas of highest importance to students aged 25 and older. The 2002 ASPS represents data from 78 colleges and universities representing four-year public, four-year private, and two-year community, junior, and technical institutions.…

  6. English as a Second Language Handbook for Adult Education Instructors.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    California State Dept. of Education, Sacramento.

    This handbook is designed to assist classroom teachers of English as a Second Language (ESL) in meeting the needs of their adult students. The handbook is intended for use in a variety of settings and with a variety of teaching styles. The first chapter discusses adult learners' characteristics and the factors affecting their learning. The second…

  7. ESL for Non-Academic Adults: Parallels in L1 and L2. CATESOL Occasional Papers, Number 5.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bassano, Sharron

    English as a second language for the non-academically oriented adult can be facilitated bY structuring their early linguistic input in a way similar to the way a parent structures input for a child learning a first language. The four components through which children learn their native language and which also concern adult learning are: (1)…

  8. Student Response Systems' Virtual Interaction Effects on Learning in Adult Second Language Classes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fassihi Langroodi, Sayedeh Parvanak

    2010-01-01

    In an English as a second language (ESL) or English as a foreign language (EFL) class, special emphasis is often put on interaction and negotiation as a means of learning and understanding the language being taught (Long, 1981; Pica, 1994). However, student-student interaction as well as student-teacher interaction could be difficult to achieve in…

  9. The Community College: Bridge or Roadblock to Higher Education for US Adult Immigrant English-Language Learners?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Janis, Thomas

    2013-01-01

    While community colleges have been accessible for adult learners with an immigrant and an English Language Learning (ELL) background, there is a gap between preparation and academic success on the college level among these students. Within community colleges, older adult English as a Second Language (ESL) students have the lowest first-semester…

  10. Participatory Legitimacy in ESL Practice and the Use of Coping Strategies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yeh, Ling-Miao

    2014-01-01

    This study looked at ESL adult speakers' use of coping strategies in their conversations with native speakers in the United States, as a counter-discourse. More specifically, the discursive negotiation strategies used by 6 ESL adult speakers of varied ethnicities and linguistic backgrounds were analyzed, both inside and outside ESL…

  11. The Awareness of Morphemic Knowledge for Young Adults' Vocabulary Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Varatharajoo, Chandrakala; Asmawi, Adelina Binti; Abdallah, Nabeel; Abedalaziz, Mohammad

    2015-01-01

    The study explored the awareness of morphemic knowledge among young adult learners in the ESL context. Morphological Relatedness Test and Morphological Structure Test (adapted from Curinga, 2014) were two important tools used to assess the students' morphemic knowledge in this study. The tests measured the students' ability to reflect and…

  12. Older Students in Adult Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clennell, Stephanie, Ed.; And Others

    British students 60 years and older in 1985-86 were studied in order to learn about their age, sex, marital status, employment background, the subjects they study, their reasons for studying, how they study, and what they think about their studies. Considered by the researchers to be the largest survey of older students, the study involved 2,254…

  13. Crossing the Disciplinary Boundary: Teaching ESL Composition in the English Department.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Matsuda, Paul Kei

    Although the number of English as a Second Language (ESL) students in United States colleges and universities has increased over the past decades, there has been no corresponding increase in the level of attention given to the special needs of these students in composition classrooms. ESL students are likely to be found in writing classrooms at…

  14. The Plight of the ESL Program Director

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eaton, Sarah Elaine

    2008-01-01

    In this presentation we will examine the situation of English as a Second Language (ESL) program managers, many of whom are charged with the responsibility of marketing their programs and recruiting students internationally, often with little or no training in how to do so (Eaton, 2005). Not only are they set forth ill-prepared, the repercussions…

  15. An ESL Audio-Script Writing Workshop

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, Carla

    2012-01-01

    The roles of dialogue, collaborative writing, and authentic communication have been explored as effective strategies in second language writing classrooms. In this article, the stages of an innovative, multi-skill writing method, which embeds students' personal voices into the writing process, are explored. A 10-step ESL Audio Script Writing Model…

  16. Suggestions for Confronting Pronunciation in ESL.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Esling, John H.

    A person or a group's accent includes not only vowel and consonant articulations, but also a predictable pattern of rhythmic stress placement and tonal or pitch contours, and a combination of configurational features that constitute voice quality setting. English as a second language (ESL) teachers should make their students aware of the habitual…

  17. Enrolled Student Evaluation of Miami-Dade Community College Services, 2000. Research Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bashford, Joanne

    This report presents the findings of an enrolled student survey administered to approximately 3,700 Miami-Dade Community College (M-DCC) (Florida) students during the 2000-2001 fall term. The survey was administered to regular credit students, English-as-a-Second-Language/English-Non-Speaking (ESL/ENS) students, and Postsecondary Adult Vocational…

  18. Adult Students: A Priority Revisited

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shugart, Sandy

    2008-01-01

    Many practices in higher education evolved significantly from 1985 to 2005. The presence of adult degree completion programs in colleges and universities of all types proliferated, with satellite campuses for this purpose in metropolitan areas often far removed from the "home campus." MBA programs multiplied during this same time, as did online…

  19. Adult Students: Recruitment and Retention. Practice Application Brief No. 18.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wonacott, Michael E.

    How to attract and retain adult students remains an enduring question for adult education providers. Recent research sheds light on adult learners' unique learning goals, needs, and aspirations and offers guidance on recruiting and retaining adult learners. Adult students' participation and persistence in educational activities is a complex…

  20. Classic Readers Theatre for Young Adults.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barchers, Suzanne I.; Kroll, Jennifer L.

    This book presents 16 original scripts that have been adapted from classic works of literature for use for readers theatre with young adults and ESL (English as a Second Language) students. Adaptations of the following works are included: "Little Women" (Louisa May Alcott); episodes from "Don Quixote" (Miguel de Cervantes; "The Necklace" (Guy de…

  1. Teaching Adult Students Mathematical Investigation--2.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Angiama, R. O.

    This paper is based on the on-going research work and teaching carried out in the Mathematics Foundations Course (MFC) at Goldsmiths College, University of London. It is argued that teaching adult students mathematical investigation has given insight into the way they learn mathematics better and removes the barriers of mathematics phobia. It…

  2. The Use of Basic Writing Materials in ESL Writing Classes.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    England, Lizabeth

    Similarities between the weaknesses found among English as a first language students and English as a second language (ESL) students suggest the need to use basic writing materials with English as a second language students. Prewriting materials should be chosen in an effort to teach students some criteria for analyzing, evaluating, and…

  3. Increased Learning Time and Targeted Instruction Improve Academic Skills for At-Risk ESL Learners

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nelson, April, Comp.

    2005-01-01

    Students with English as a Second Language (ESL) face two critical challenges: they need to develop English literacy while, at the same time, acquire content knowledge across subject areas. These students need a targeted ESL curriculum from elementary to high school that will allow an extended learning time and opportunities to practice as they…

  4. Perspectives on Community College ESL, Volume 1: Pedagogy, Programs, Curricula, and Assessment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spaventa, Marilyn, Ed.; Machado, Craig, Ed.

    2006-01-01

    English as a second language (ESL) programs in community colleges are as diverse in the models they follow as the students they serve. This volume provides a detailed look at how faculty and administrators are tailoring their ESL programs to best serve the needs of their students and the missions of their institutions. The authors of the thirteen…

  5. Investment and Return: Wiki Engagement in a "Remedial" ESL Writing Course

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nakamaru, Sarah

    2012-01-01

    This study explores the extent to which students in a community college remedial English as a second language (ESL) course engaged with a class wiki and the relationship between their pattern of engagement over time and success in exiting remediation. Participants included 47 students in two sections of ESL writing during the spring 2009 semester.…

  6. Becoming "Local" in ESL: Racism as Resource in a Hawai'i Public High School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Talmy, Steven

    2010-01-01

    Drawn from a 2.5 year critical ethnography in the ESL program of a Hawai'i public high school (Tradewinds High), this article examines racializing and racist conduct directed at Micronesian students by a group of old-timer ESL students, primarily of East/Southeast Asian inheritance. Racialization and racism directed at Micronesians positioned them…

  7. Reader Development Bibliography. Books Recommended for Adult New Readers. Fourth Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Collins, Vickie L.

    This edition is an annotated list of 390 literacy materials for adult new readers. All the materials are written on an eighth-grade level or below. These paperback instructional titles, many in workbook format, are for use with adult basic education (ABE) and English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) students. The introduction includes guidelines for…

  8. Hepatitis B ESL Education for Asian Immigrants

    PubMed Central

    Taylor, Vicky M.; Hislop, T. Gregory; Bajdik, Christopher; Teh, Chong; Lam, Wendy; Acorda, Elizabeth; Li, Lin; Yasui, Yutaka

    2010-01-01

    Objectives Asian communities in North America include large numbers of immigrants with limited English proficiency. Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is endemic in most Asian countries and, therefore, Asian immigrant groups have high rates of chronic HBV infection. We conducted a group-randomized trial to evaluate the effectiveness of a hepatitis B English as a second language (ESL) educational curriculum for Asian immigrants Methods Eighty ESL classes were randomized to experimental (hepatitis B education) or control (physical activity education) status. Students who reported they had not received a HBV test (at baseline) completed a follow-up survey six months after randomization. The follow-up survey assessed recent HBV testing and HBV-related knowledge. Provider reports were used to verify self-reported HBV tests. Results The study group included 218 students who reported they had not been tested for HBV. Follow-up surveys were completed by 180 (83%) of these students. Provider records verified HBV testing for 6% of the experimental group students and 0% of the control group students (p=0.02). Experimental group students were significantly (p<0.05) more likely than control group students to know that immigrants have high HBV infection rates, HBV can be spread during sexual intercourse and by sharing razors, and HBV infection can cause liver cancer. Conclusion Our ESL curriculum had a meaningful impact on HBV-related knowledge and a limited impact on HBV testing levels. Future research should evaluate the effectiveness of ESL curricula for other immigrant groups and other health topics, as well as other intervention approaches to increasing levels of HBV testing in Asian immigrant communities. PMID:20559696

  9. English for Speakers of Other Languages: Adult ESOL Courses [and] Special Interest Courses. Revised.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Broward County Schools, Fort Lauderdale, FL.

    This curriculum guide outlines courses in English as a Second Language (ESL) offered by the Broward County (Florida) adult education program. An introductory section outlines the general student needs on which the curricula are based, program policies for placement and promotion, instructional delivery, and student progression, and the…

  10. Some Preliminary Readings for a Sociological Approach to ESL. NAAESC Occasional Papers, Volume 2, Number 3.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zwierzynski, Mirtes

    A sociological approach to English as a Second Language (ESL) instruction allows for convergence of perspectives from the sociology of education and from adult education. ESL programs for immigrants have historically been purposely designed to make newcomers incorporate the values and beliefs of people in power. Sociologists of education working…

  11. Community in a Hurry: Social Contracts and Social Covenants in Short-Term ESL Courses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martinsen, Rob A.

    2009-01-01

    Like many adult ESL instructors, the author has felt firsthand the challenges of creating community in short-term courses. Through his experience, he has noticed that in order to successfully build community in short-term ESL courses, teachers need to lay a foundation for social contracts and social covenants from the first day of the course and…

  12. Adult Student Learning Behaviors in a Roadblock Mathematics Course

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tennant, Aimee

    2012-01-01

    Adult students are a growing population on college campuses. Adult students have lower graduation rates and longer times to graduation than traditional-age students. The ability to pass a college level mathematics course is a key factor in the graduation rates of all students. Past research has identified developmental mathematics, college…

  13. Infusing the Workplace into General ABE/GED/ESL Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thistlethwaite, Linda

    2000-01-01

    This paper explains how adult educators involved in the development and delivery of general adult basic education (ABE), General Educational Development (GED) certificate, and English-as-a-second-language (ESL) programs can infuse the workplace into their programs. The paper begins with a brief overview of the rationale for infusing the workplace…

  14. Verb Tense and ESL Composition: A Discourse Level Approach.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chappel, Virginia A.; Rodby, Judith

    The problems encountered by English as second language (ESL) students in selecting verb tenses for their written discourse were investigated. Tape recorded interviews with four freshman composition students who had been referred for intensive work on verb errors were analyzed for students' explanations of their errors and the contexts in which…

  15. Promoting English oral communication and higher-order thinking in Taiwanese ESL students through the use of knowledge visualization techniques.

    PubMed

    Wang, Ya-Huei; Liao, Hung-Chang

    2014-06-01

    The study examined whether the students using concept mapping in a Freshman English course would improve English oral communication proficiency, higher-order thinking, and perception of abilities. A quasi-experimental design, lasting for 12 weeks, was administered to an experimental group (21 students) and a control group (20 students). The experimental group had significantly better performance on all measures. Concept mapping was effective in improving college students' English oral communication, higher-order thinking, and perception of abilities development. PMID:25068741

  16. Electrostatic Levitator (ESL)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1998-01-01

    Dr. Rulison of Space System LORAl working with the Electrostatic Levitation (ESL) prior to the donation. Space System/LORAL donated the electrostatic containerless processing system to NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC). The official hand over took place in July 1998.

  17. ESL Magazine, 2001.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beall, Kathleen R., Ed.

    2001-01-01

    The six issues in this volume include the following articles: "Preview of TESOL 2001" (Adelaide Heyde Parsons); "Six Internet Pioneers Teach English to the World" (Dennis Oliver, Randall Davis, Elaine Hoter, Charles Kelly, Dave Sperling, and Ruth Vilmi); "Integrated Skills in the ESL/EFL Classroom" (Rebecca Oxford); "English Language Education in…

  18. ESL Magazine, 2000.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rosenthal, Marilyn, Ed.

    2000-01-01

    Issues in this volume include the following feature articles: "Grammar: Rules and Reasons Working Together" (Diane Larsen-Freeman); "TESOL Sets Sail for Vancouver" (Nancy Storer); "The Reading Lab: An Invitation to Read" (Jean Zukowski/Faust); "Quebec: A Unique North American ESL Teaching Experience" (Jacquelyne Lord); "Video in the Classroom:…

  19. Mathematics for ESL Learners

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arrowood, Janet C.

    2004-01-01

    Practical examples from everyday life, spanning personal financial matters to traveling and even cooking conversions are the lessons offered in this useful guide. The vast majority of older students and adults who come to America come from countries that use the metric system. Learning a new system for measuring, telling time, and so forth is…

  20. Cultural Competence in Alberta Schools: Perceptions of ESL Families in Four Major School Boards

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ngo, Hieu V.

    2012-01-01

    Complex linguistic, acculturative, and social needs of English-as-a-second-language (ESL) learners challenge the K-12 education system to develop cultural competence in working with culturally diverse families. This study surveyed 242 self-identified ESL students and their parents from four of Alberta's major school boards. Results of the survey…

  1. Building Interactional Space in an ESL Classroom to Foster Bilingual Identity and Linguistic Repertoires

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Welch, Irene

    2015-01-01

    This article draws on data from a yearlong case study of a Mexican American ESL teacher's practice in a K-5 school in the southeastern United States. The study examines how the teacher established bilingual interactional space in her ESL pullout class consisting of six 9- to 11-year old students of Mexican descent. The analysis shows the ways in…

  2. A Very Important Lesson: Respect and the Socialization of Order(s) in High School ESL

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Talmy, Steven

    2009-01-01

    The "stigma" associated with ESL in K-12 public schools is a widely referenced if little explored topic. In this paper, I consider how this "stigma" was produced in a high school ESL class in Hawai'i, specifically, as it was licensed by and framed in terms of teaching students "respect." Based on analysis of two extended teacher-fronted…

  3. Make Room for Our Voices: Using Poetry in Professional Development for Secondary ESL and ELA Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gulla, Amanda Nicole

    2012-01-01

    When asked by a principal to design a workshop for ELA and ESL teachers on addressing new ESL regulations, the author suggested that they offer professional development that might inspire teachers to try new practices that could help their students grow as writers. The author decided to devote a workshop not to rules and regulations, but to…

  4. Mental Health and the ESL Classroom: A Guide for Teachers Working with Refugees.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lucey, Moira; Chaffee, Marcia; Terry, Diane; Le Marbre, Joan; Stone, Betty; Wiencek, Donna

    This manual guides English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) teachers by outlining the complex burdens that refugee students carry and setting out concrete steps that ESL teachers can take in order to turn their classrooms into effective and welcoming teaching and learning environments. The seven sections focus on the following: (1) "The Refugee and…

  5. Closed-Captioned Video and the ESL Classroom: A Multi-Sensory Approach

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rowland, James L.

    2007-01-01

    Traditional ESL instruction accepts the idea that a student's ability to visualize text and to create mental pictures of letters and whole words is important in comprehension. Closed-captioned video presentations can be useful in English as a Second Language (ESL) instruction. Video topics rich with the history and culture of the target language…

  6. Effectiveness of the Remedial Courses on Improving EFL/ESL Students' Performance at University Level in the Arab World

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Al Othman, Fadel H. M.; Shuqair, Khaled M.

    2013-01-01

    Many hypotheses have been passed by professors in the language teaching profession concerning the effects of remedial courses in enhancing the skills of students in the English language. Most people share the sentiment that remedial courses are quests in vain when it gets to improving the skills of students learning English as a first or second…

  7. Improving the Academic Outcomes of Undergraduate ESL Students: The Case for Discipline-Based Academic Skills Programs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baik, Chi; Greig, Joan

    2009-01-01

    This article examines the impact of an adjunct English language tutorial program on the academic performance of first-year Architecture students. With increasing numbers of international students enrolling in Australian universities, language and academic skills programs have shifted from generic to more discipline-specific models; however, there…

  8. National Adult Student Priorities Report. Research Report, 2011

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Noel-Levitz, Inc, 2011

    2011-01-01

    Serving the needs of adult learners in today's economic environment is becoming a greater priority for colleges and universities. Student satisfaction is considered a core element for higher education institutions serving traditional-age students. More colleges and universities are expanding this assessment activity to adult students as well. As…

  9. Student Taught Adult Basic Literacy Efforts. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Council of the Southern Mountains, Inc., Berea, KY.

    The purpose of the Student Taught Adult Basic Literacy Efforts (STABLE) project was the involvement of adult illiterates, functional illiterates, and educational dropouts who do not take advantage of other educational and vocational training opportunities in basic education, using mature college students as teachers. Thirty students were trained…

  10. Toward Deep Learning for Adult Students in Online Courses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ke, Fengfeng; Xie, Kui

    2009-01-01

    Adult students have become the new majority in online distance education. Research in online distance education, however, is still predominantly based on the historical perspective of the traditional student profile. This study examines adult students' learning engagement in online courses and explores the impact of online course design models and…

  11. Square Pegs: Adult Students and Their "Fit" in Postsecondary Institutions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hagedorn, Linda Serra

    2005-01-01

    Like the proverbial "square peg" that meets resistance when forced to go through a round hole, adult students often struggle as they try to progress through systems of higher education that have been shaped to accommodate traditionally aged students. Adult students may have difficulty progressing through the postsecondary system because they are…

  12. The Role of Online Collaboration in Promoting ESL Writing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Choi, Jessie Wai-ching

    2008-01-01

    The study examined an ESL writing class, which consisted of 36 students, at a community college of Hong Kong. The students took part in three online collaborative writing tasks by sending drafts to peers who gave them suggestions and comments for improvement and working together on the completion of the writing tasks via email. The 36 students…

  13. Leadership for Change in Bilingual/ESL Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Discovering Our Experiences: Studies in Bilingual/ESL Education, 1993

    1993-01-01

    This new serial publication is designed to provide teachers, administrators, and policy makers who work with English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) students with a forum for presenting innovations, concerns, and recommendations related to the schooling of language minority students. The main section of the publication, "Describing Our Experiences,"…

  14. Understanding Critical Reading in an ESL Class in Singapore

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Macknish, Cynthia Jean

    2011-01-01

    This article reports on the understandings and practice of critical reading in a postsecondary English as a second language (ESL) reading class for mainland Chinese students in Singapore. Despite the challenges of defining critical reading in practice and overcoming assumptions about Chinese students' lack of criticality, as well as the lack of…

  15. Toward Understanding the Academic Trajectories of ESL Youth

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Garnett, Bruce

    2010-01-01

    This study explores the variations in the academic trajectories of socio-demographic subgroups of English as a second language (ESL) students (N = 7527) in British Columbia, Canada. Results are compared to a native English speaker baseline (N = 37,612). Longitudinal data describing the 1997 Grade 8 cohort (i.e., students age 13, typically in their…

  16. Teaching for Diversity: Addressing Diversity Issues in Responsive ESL Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fu, Jing

    2013-01-01

    Student diversity has become a typical phenomenon in American public schools. The impact of increasing diversity on literacy instruction is unchallenged. Teachers reinforce this message by often citing ESL student diversity as a barrier for literacy teaching. In order to better understand the complexity of diversity issues, I explored two ESL…

  17. Factors Affecting Teachers Utilization of Technology in Malaysian ESL Classrooms

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mahmood, Foziah; Halim, Huzaina Abdul; Rajindra, Sarasvati; Ghani, Munirah Mohd

    2014-01-01

    Previous studies conducted by researchers show that technology utilization in the ESL classroom indeed aids students in the learning process (Snelbecker 1999). Furthermore, it also ensures that students achieve better results in English Language. Thus, this study was conducted as a stepping stone to help teachers perform better in utilizing…

  18. Effective Learning Outcomes of ESL Elementary and Secondary School Students Utilizing Educational Technology Infused with Constructivist Pedagogy (English as a Second Language)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, Rebecca

    2006-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to examine the potential of educational technology infused with constructivist pedagogy in ESL (English as a Second Language) classrooms and to explore alternatives for schools that lack advanced technological learning tools. In this article, the author discusses the alternatives, such as: (1) CELA Research Study:…

  19. Emerging Adult versus Adult Status among College Students: Examination of Explanatory Variables

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blinn-Pike, Lynn; Worthy, Sheri Lokken; Jonkman, Jeffrey N.; Smith, G. Rush

    2008-01-01

    The first purpose of this study was to report how many college students, 18 to 25 years of age, are classified as "emerging adults," "undecideds" or "adults." The second purpose was to determine the relationships between emerging adults versus adults and (a) background characteristics, (b) risk-taking behaviors; (c) sensation-seeking scores, and…

  20. Understanding L2 Speaking Problems: Implications for ESL Curriculum Development in a Teacher Training Institution in Hong Kong

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gan, Zhengdong

    2012-01-01

    This paper reports the result of a study that aimed to identify the problems with oral English skills of ESL (English as a second language) students at a tertiary teacher training institution in Hong Kong. The study, by way of semi-structured interview, addresses the gap in our understanding of the difficulties ESL students encountered in their…

  1. Perceptions of Female Hispanic ESL Students toward First-Year College Writing Courses: A Phenomenological Examination of Cultural Influences

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Booker, Barbara B.

    2012-01-01

    The role of culture as a phenomenon guided this qualitative study, which examined the influence of diverse Hispanic cultures on the attitudes and perceptions towards college writing courses of female Hispanic students who are non-native speakers of English. With the increasing number of Hispanic immigrants coming to the U.S., the minority student…

  2. What They Want and How They Want It: Students Expectations of ESL Curriculum at the Classroom Level

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tucker, Thomas

    2011-01-01

    The foundation of education is the curriculum which is used in the teaching/learning process. People have varying views in the field of curriculum. The question of what and how to teach has been around as long as education. This paper takes a closer look at how a sample of university students studying English in South Korea feel about the…

  3. Six Differentiated Strategies for ESL Literacy for Birth to Third Grade Developmentally Disabled and Normal Students of Hispanic Heritage

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jaramillo, James; Jaramillo, Olga

    2013-01-01

    When one effectively employs the strategies of exploratory-learning, wait-time, intervention, guided reading, meaning, and phonological-morphological-syntactical awareness-for infants and on up-to 3rd grade students-all-in a Montessori-like-learning-literacy-setting replete with semantical interactions with phonology, syllabology, morphology, and…

  4. "Blogfolios" and Their Role in the Development of Research Projects in an Advanced Academic Literacy Class for ESL Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ananyeva, Maria

    2014-01-01

    This paper focuses on "blogfolios", online interactive blog-based portfolios, developed by students for class projects in Electronic Literacy. Blogfolios may contain interactive images, podcasts, and web-log discussions on a variety of researched academic topics. The impact of academic blogfolios on the second language learner's…

  5. Orienting ESL/EFL Students Towards Critical Thinking through Pictorial Inferences and Elucidation: A Fruitful Pedagogic Approach

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thakur, Vijay Singh; Al-Mahrooqi, Rahma

    2015-01-01

    The notions of Critical Thinking (CT) and Lifelong Learning (LL) are mutually inseparable as both are required in every domain of one's educational and professional life in order to survive and flourish in today's world of increased literacy and competition. CT is an important functional skill, needed for students to analyze concepts and ideas to…

  6. English-as-a-second language (ESL) nursing students: strategies for building verbal and written language skills.

    PubMed

    Guhde, Jacqueline A

    2003-01-01

    With the growing number of foreign-born residents in the United States, nurse educators face the challenge of educating students who may have difficulty with the English language. There are an estimated 28.4 million foreign-born residents in the United States, which is the largest number in the history of this country (U.S. Census Bureau, 2001). The U.S. census report (2001) shows that the Hispanic/Latino population has increased by 57.9% since 1990 and now accounts for 12.5% of the total population. Another fast growing group is the Asian population that has increased by 48.3% since 1990 and now accounts for 3.6% of the total population. The Annual Report of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing (AACN, 2001) shows that the minority representation in baccalaureate programs has also increased with the Hispanic/Latino students at 4.8% and the Asian/Pacific Islander/Hawaiian students at 4.7% of the undergraduate nursing student population. Several authors (Abriam-Yago, Yoder, & Kataoka-Yahiro, 1999; Lester, 1998; Davidhizar, Dowd, & Geiger, 1998; Dowell, 1996; Andrews, 1992) have discussed the importance of increasing the number of ethnic minority nurses to insure the quality of healthcare to an increasingly diverse population. As the nursing shortage deepens, recruiting minorities into nursing is essential to meet the increasing demand. This change presents unique challenges and opportunities in nursing education. Colleges and universities will need to develop innovative programs to attract these nontraditional students, and support programs to help them complete the nursing curriculum. PMID:15000053

  7. Is Developing Employability Skills Relevant to Adult Language Students?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beaven, Tita

    2016-01-01

    Open University (OU) students are typically mature students who combine studying part-time with work or caring responsibilities; the average age of OU language students has been dropping, and about 30% of our new students are now under 25. The traditional view of adult learners who study languages is that they often study for pleasure or personal…

  8. Use of assisted reading to improve reading rate, word accuracy, and comprehension with ESL Spanish-speaking students.

    PubMed

    VanWagenen, M A; Williams, R L; McLaughlin, T F

    1994-08-01

    The present experiment examined the effectiveness of an assisted reading program on reading rates and comprehension of three Spanish-speaking students learning English. The effects of assisted reading on reading rate, word accuracy, and comprehension were examined using a multiple-baseline design across individuals. Increases in words read correctly per minute with repeated readings of the passage and on new passages, decreases in errors per minute, and increases in comprehension were noted. PMID:7991314

  9. Sensitizing ESL Learners to Genre

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Swami, Jasti Appa

    2008-01-01

    This article evaluates the efficacy of explicit genre-based instruction by sensitizing the ESL learners to the concept of genre. The main questions addressed are: How does sensitizing ESL learners to the rhetorical move structure of a genre, the communicative purposes of these moves, and linguistic features that realize these moves help them to…

  10. ESL Learners' Perceptions of Their Pronunciation Needs and Strategies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Derwing, Tracey M.; Rossiter, Marian J.

    2002-01-01

    Examines the perceptions of 100 adult English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) learners from a variety of first language backgrounds with regard to their pronunciation difficulties and the strategies they employ when faced with communication breakdown. Findings are discussed with reference to pronunciation instruction and commercially available…

  11. Adult Learners in a Research University: Negotiating Undergraduate Student Identity

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kasworm, Carol E.

    2010-01-01

    Adult undergraduate student identities at research extensive universities were uniquely coconstructed, shaped by this selective and competitive youth-oriented cultural context. Drawing upon social constructivist theory, this study explored this coconstruction through positional and relational adult student identities. Positional identities were…

  12. Adult Student Identity in an Intergenerational Community College Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kasworm, Carol

    2005-01-01

    What is the nature of an adult student identity? Based in social constructivist theory, this study explored coconstructed understandings of culturally and socially mediated student identities through a select group of adult undergraduates in intergenerational community college classroom contexts. Key findings elaborated the coconstruction of two…

  13. Transforming Adult Students into Authors: The Writer to Writer Challenge

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beverstock, Caroline; Bhaskaran, Shanti; Brinkley, Jacquie; Jones, Donna; Reinke, Valerie

    2009-01-01

    In many adult literacy programs around the country, instruction emphasizes reading, but equal time is not given to the development of writing skills. Adult students are often reluctant to expose the difficulties they have with writing, difficulties which will be painfully apparent when they do write. With students who are reluctant to write,…

  14. Adult Graduate Student Voices: Good and Bad Learning Experiences

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reiff, Marianne; Ballin, Amy

    2016-01-01

    During their master's degree work, cohorts of adult graduate students participated in a common learning task in which they listed their factors of good and bad learning experiences. The lead author collected these factors from students over the course of 3 years. The purpose of our inquiry was to examine and document what adult graduate students…

  15. Competency-Based Adult High School Completion Student Services Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Singer, Elizabeth; And Others

    Designed as part of a 310 Special Demonstration and Teacher Training Project undertaken at Brevard Community College, this student services guide contains information to assist adult education administrators, counselors, instructors, and office personnel in meeting the needs of students enrolled in adult/community education schools. Primary…

  16. Building an Adult Workplace Literacy Program for Spanish-Speaking Carpenters

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Case, Rod E.; Ainsworth, John; Emerson, Rick

    2004-01-01

    This article provides a field-based account of how to develop and implement an adult workplace literacy program for English as a Second Language (ESL) students based upon the principles of a social practices definition of literacy. The purpose of the program is to provide basic literacy instruction for the growing population of Spanish-speaking…

  17. Competency-Based Adult Education/English as a Second Language Modules: Health.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marinelli, Diane, Ed.

    This packet contains four Competency-Based Adult Education/English as a Second Language (ESL) lessons in the health content area designed for beginning level students. Each lesson revolves around one central character who, in the course of the four lessons, successfully performs four life-coping skills: (1) calling for a doctor's appointment, (2)…

  18. Learning to Learn. Tierra de Oportunidad Module 30. LAES: Latino Adult Education Services Project.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kissam, Ed; Dorsey, Holda

    This module, which may be used as the basis for a workshop or as a special topic unit in adult basic education or English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) courses, addresses learning to learn. It is designed to help instructors explain and demonstrate how learning is part of life and provide a valuable opportunity for them to engage their students in…

  19. Higher Education Journals' Discourse about Adult Undergraduate Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Donaldson, Joe F.; Townsend, Barbara K.

    2007-01-01

    In 1999-2000, 7.1 million adults age 24 or older constituted 43% of all undergraduates in U.S. institutions of higher education, compared to 5.73 million adult students enrolled a decade earlier (1989-1990). The growing proportion of adult undergraduates has become a significant source of enrollment and income for numerous institutions for which…

  20. Communicative ESL Teaching. Training Packet for a Two-Session Workshop. Study of ABE/ESL Instructor Training Approaches.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Porter, Catherine; And Others

    The guide is one of a series designed to assist adult basic education (ABE) and English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) instructors, both professionals and volunteers, in developing teaching skills. The materials are intended for a two-workshop series, with activities for participants to accomplish between the sessions, which are scheduled ideally…

  1. The Adult Student and Course Satisfaction: What Matters Most?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Howell, George F.; Buck, Jeffrey M.

    2012-01-01

    Student satisfaction with a course is important because it can contribute to student retention, and it can also be used as one way to assess faculty effectiveness. This investigative work suggests that course satisfaction among non-traditional, adult students seeking business degrees is positively influenced by giving attention to four specific…

  2. Increasing Student/Older Adult Interaction by Life Review Assignments.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sumner, Edward D.; Haight, Barbara K.

    1993-01-01

    A method for increasing interaction between students and older adults in a geriatric pharmacy course uses an instructional module on stereotypes, age and personality, role changes, and nursing home living. The course requires students to conduct a life review of someone over age 65. The exercise improves student communication skills and…

  3. Phonemic Awareness Education with an ESL Class. Action Research Monograph.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barton, Anne Y.

    This study was designed to include a segment of phonemic awareness in a multi-level English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) classroom as learning progress seemed to be inhibited in part by a lack of understanding of the structure of the English language. A survey was developed and administered to measure student progress to establish a baseline.…

  4. Effect of Online Learning on Struggling ESL College Writers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Al-Jarf, Reima Sado

    Two groups of freshman students participated in the experiment. They were enrolled in their first ESL writing course. Before instruction, both groups were pre-tested. They wrote an essay. T-test results showed significant differences between both groups in writing ability. The experimental group made too many errors and had many writing problems.…

  5. Anxiety and Academic Reading Performance among Malay ESL Learners

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mohd. Zin, Zuhana; Rafik-Galea, Shameem

    2010-01-01

    Research into the factors that contribute to reading performance decrement in L2 reading among ESL university students is still being extensively researched in the context of ELT. This is because successful academic performance is highly dependent on good reading ability. While it is widely accepted that poor reading performance is due to lack of…

  6. Bilingual Education/ESL Program Evaluation, 2000-01.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gonzalez, Rosa Maria

    In compliance with Texas legislation, the Austin Independent School District (AISD), Texas, provides two programs to serve students identified as limited English proficient (LEP): Bilingual Education (BE), which provides dual language instruction in the major content areas and English as a Second Language (ESL), which provides intensive English…

  7. Potential of Mobile Learning in Teaching of ESL Academic Writing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zaki, Arlina Ahmad; Yunus, Melor Md

    2015-01-01

    The potentials of mobile learning in teaching academic writing skills for ESL students are explored in this paper. Although there have been studies on MALL to improve writing skills, academic writing was never really touched. Few aspects are covered like the changes in educational technology, defining MALL, identifying issues in academic writing…

  8. A Framework for Conducting ESL/EFL Construct Validation Studies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mouw, John T.; Perkins, Kyle

    The purpose for which a test is used and the examinees' stage of learning are two anchor points that are incorporated into a suggested framework for conducting construct validation studies for tests of students with English as a second language (ESL) or English as a foreign language (EFL). The framework includes the use of generalizability theory,…

  9. Thinking Like Researchers: An ESL Project that Investigates Local Communities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McPherron, Paul; Randolph, Patrick T.

    2013-01-01

    Drawing on task-based and intercultural teaching approaches, this article presents an ESL classroom project at two different university settings in which students investigate aspects of their local communities through the use of ethnographic and observational research techniques. For related reasons, the instructors at each university developed…

  10. Materials Development and Lesson Planning for Elementary School ESL Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bisagna, Joanne

    This paper is the narrative portion of a workshop presentation on lesson planning and materials development for ESL instruction. The specific materials and lessons which were demonstrated and which are discussed in this paper, had been designed and used in English as a Second Language classes for students ranging from Kindergarten to eighth grade…

  11. Using Tests of Anaphoric Reference in ESL Reading.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Parish, Charles; Perkins, Kyle

    This study investigates the extent to which beginning to advanced students of English as a second language (ESL) understand antecedent/anaphora relationships in written discourse. The findings are related to previous research on anaphoric reference in first and second language contexts, emphasizing the significance of this factor in measurement of…

  12. Less Is More: Pacing in the ESL Class.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shaunnessey, Maryann S.

    Pacing in the teaching of English as a second language (ESL) is considered. It is suggested that the problem of pacing is almost entirely a matter of teachers covering material so rapidly that the student frequently does not have the opportunity to integrate it. Since the recognition of sounds, symbols, and sentences is not mastery of them, it is…

  13. The Use of Games to Foster Fluency among ESL Learners

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vazirabad, Aylar Fallah

    2013-01-01

    This study focused on five particular Communication Strategies (CSs) namely: Paraphrase, approximation, hesitation, reduction, borrowed words and invented, or anglicised. The aim was to investigate the link between the use of approvable and positive CS-types and the impact of ESL students' beliefs about CSs in a game-activity. It aims to promote…

  14. Discover the Unknown Chekhov in Your ESL Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beliavsky, Ninah

    2007-01-01

    The author, an English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) teacher, believes that for stories to be a successful tool in classroom instruction, they need to have universal themes, and they must deal with situations that the students could readily identify with regardless of their language, culture, or religion. In this article, she introduces the unknown…

  15. Resistance to L2 Pragmatics in the Australian ESL Context

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davis, John McE.

    2007-01-01

    The study examines how learner biases toward a particular national type of English affect interlanguage pragmatics. Specifically, this study assesses the degree to which Korean ESL (English as a second language) students' preferences for North American English influence their willingness to use Australian-English routines while studying in…

  16. Keeping up with Changes in Laws Affecting Immigrants. Tierra de Oportunidad Module 20. LAES: Latino Adult Education Services Project.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kissam, Ed; Dorsey, Holda

    This module, which may be used as the basis for a workshop or as a special topic unit in adult basic education or English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) courses, addresses keeping up with changes in laws affecting immigrants. Its objective is to teach students to track the legal framework that affects immigrants' lives and to build problem-solving…

  17. Professional Learning across Contexts for LESLLA Teachers: The Unlikely Meeting of Adult Educators in Kindergarten to Explore Early Literacy Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vinogradov, Patricia Egan

    2013-01-01

    In this case study of adult English as a Second Language (ESL) educators, the researcher facilitated a six-week professional development activity around the topic of early literacy instruction. The four participants in the study circle were all LESLLA (low-educated second language and literacy acquisition) teachers whose students are adult…

  18. Academic achievement and course taking among language minority youth in U.S. schools: Effects of ESL placement

    PubMed Central

    Callahan, Rebecca; Wilkinson, Lindsey; Muller, Chandra

    2014-01-01

    The 1974 Lau decision requires that U.S. public schools ensure a meaningful education for students learning English. English as a Second Language (ESL) placement is an institutional response to the linguistic needs of these students; however, its academic implications remain largely unexplored. Using nationally representative data from the Educational Longitudinal Study (ELS), the effects of ESL placement on college preparatory course enrollment and academic achievement of language minority students are estimated, first with fixed effects regression models and then with multi-level propensity score matching techniques. While numerous school and individual level factors beyond language proficiency predict ESL placement, a significant negative estimated effect of ESL placement on science enrollment and cumulative GPA is consistently found. Perhaps more important, however, no positive effects of ESL placement on the achievement of language minority youth are found when accounting for English proficiency and other potential covariates. PMID:25431506

  19. Using Foxfire-Type Project in the ESL Classroom: From the Cuckoo's Nest to Worldview and Beyond.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gertzman, Alice

    1988-01-01

    Describes the development by a university English-as-second-language (ESL) class of a magazine to aid international students adjusting to American life. Briefly discusses other experiential learning projects for ESL classes: cultural contacts with children, legislative simulations, bulletin boards, class directories, campus information brochures,…

  20. Teaching Practices for ESL Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Curtin, Ellen

    2005-01-01

    Second-language acquisition theorists caution educators that higher second-language competency skills can take anywhere from five to eight years to attain realistically for any individual acquiring competency in a second language. There are many other variables like age of arrival in the United States and standard of education from home country…

  1. Teaching Adult Students To Use Computerized Resources: Utilizing Lawler's Key to Adult Learning To Make Instruction More Effective.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fidishun, Dolores

    2000-01-01

    Uses Patricia Lawler's "Keys to Facilitating Adult Learning" to help librarians understand the best ways to teach computerized resources to adult students. Topics include reducing student anxiety; being aware of student expectations; utilizing student experience; encouraging active participation; making lessons relevant to student needs; and…

  2. Recruiting and Retaining Adult Students: A Practice Perspective.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cookson, Peter S.

    1989-01-01

    In continuing education, recruitment is the step whereby adults are inducted into a program of systematic learning; retention relates to the capacity of the program to transform the initial commitment into continuing participation. Adult students are more likely to initiate and to continue participation when recruitment and retention activities…

  3. Attitudes, Application, Action: Employability Skills for the Adult Literacy Student.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Darling, Sharon; And Others

    This instructor's guide, one in a series of works dealing with adult literacy education, consists of materials for use in helping adult literacy students to develop employability skills. Addressed in the individual sections of the guide are assessing job skills, attitudes, resumes and job applications; job interviews; keeping a job; and…

  4. Relevant Adult Programs, Resilient Students, and Retention-Driven Administration

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beth Sullivan, Esther; Pagano, Rosanne V.

    2012-01-01

    In ten years, Alaska Pacific University has moved from a totally decentralized administration of its adult online program to a very centralized structure. Drastic changes in funding sources and student needs have compelled the university to take new approaches. As the learning landscape continues to shift for adults, online learners, and Alaska…

  5. Relational Spirituality among Adult Students in Nontraditional Programs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Olson, Chris G.

    2011-01-01

    This article presents some of the findings from a recent study on adult students (25 years and older) in Christian nontraditional programs and the implications these findings have for Christian higher education. One goal of the study was to develop a better understanding of adult spirituality. Utilizing a descriptive, cross-sectional survey…

  6. Learning How to Learn: Implications for Non Traditional Adult Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tovar, Lynn A.

    2008-01-01

    In this article, learning how to learn for non traditional adult students is discussed with a focus on police officers and firefighters. Learning how to learn is particularly relevant for all returning non-traditional adults; however in the era of terrorism it is critical for the public safety officers returning to college after years of absence…

  7. Adult Latino College Students: Experiencias y la Educacion

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Garza, Ana Lisa

    2011-01-01

    The study aimed to gain a better understanding of the learning experiences of adult Latino college students, as described directly in their own voices. The study was guided by two research questions: RQ1: "How do adult Latinos describe their undergraduate college learning experiences?" and RQ2: "How do culture, gender, and ethnic identity affect…

  8. Changing Students' Stereotypes of Older Adults

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wurtele, Sandy K.; Maruyama, LaRae

    2013-01-01

    Research suggests that university students tend to hold negative attitudes about older adults. However, there is some evidence to suggest that these ageist attitudes can be challenged and changed through curricular intervention. The current study was designed to determine whether the "Activities of Older Adults" exercise as part of a…

  9. Expanding Learning and Teaching Processes in an ESL/Civics ABE Classroom Using an Interactive Video Lesson Plan in the U.S. Southwest: An Action Research Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cajar-Bravo, Aristides

    2010-01-01

    This study is an action research project that analyzed the ways in which ESL students improve their language learning processes by using as a teaching tool a media literacy video and Civics Education for social skills; it was presented to two groups of 12 students who were attending an ESL/Civics Education Intermediate-Advanced class in an ABE…

  10. Motivational Orientations of Adult Basic Education Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bova, Breda Murphy; Zelazek, John

    A study analyzed the reasons for adult participation in adult basic education (ABE) programs. During the study, researchers administered the Educational Participation Scale to 85 females and 72 males enrolled in ABE classes in New Mexico. Data from the returned questionnaires were examined to determine if any of the reasons for participation in…

  11. Expectations of Adult Graduate Students in an Online Degree Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Deggs, David; Grover, Kenda; Kacirek, Kit

    2010-01-01

    This study was conducted to examine the expectations of adult graduate students enrolled in an online degree program at a research university in the mid-South United States. Students who were pursuing their master of education degree were invited to participate in an e-Focus group regarding their expectations of the degree program. Focus groups…

  12. Services for Older Adults. Reference Book [and] Student Activity Book.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Texas Tech Univ., Lubbock. Curriculum Center for Family and Consumer Sciences.

    This student activity book and reference book, which are part of a family and consumer sciences education series focusing on a broad range of employment opportunities, are intended for use in 1- and 2- programs preparing Texas high school students for employment in occupations related to providing services for older adults. The reference book…

  13. Recession May Drive More Adult Students to Take Online Classes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kolowich, Steve

    2009-01-01

    Economic storms historically have prompted more adults to seek shelter in the classroom. But this time around, two-year colleges and private for-profit institutions are especially optimistic about attracting more students--and many of those older students will probably take courses online, according to one of the authors of a recent survey. The…

  14. ESL Parents and Teachers: Towards Dialogue?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gou, Yan; Mohan, Bernard

    2008-01-01

    Conflict and miscommunication between English as a Second Language (ESL) parents and teachers has had a major impact on educational policy, but few empirical studies examine it as discourse. This study examines communication between ESL parents and high school ESL teachers in a "Parents' Night" (PN) event organised to increase understanding of the…

  15. Adult Basic Education Curriculum Guide for ABE Programs Serving Psychiatrically Ill Adult Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Collier, Ezma V.

    This curriculum guide is designed for use in adult basic education (ABE) programs serving psychiatrically ill adult students. Covered in the individual units are the following topics: personal hygiene and grooming, nutrition and health, money and money management, transportation and safety, government and law, values clarification, and…

  16. American Group Discussion Patterns as Viewed by ESL Students: The Turn-Taking Behavior of Eight Chinese Students Studying in America.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lam, Clara

    Research in the teaching of second/foreign languages has called for an emphasis on interactional competence, or the ability to think and behave as an interactional partner in a second language. The aim of this paper is to find out if the specific interactional skills acquired by students through their first language experience are automatically…

  17. Examining the Construct Validity and Reliability of Student Engagement among Adult Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bottenfield, Kip

    2013-01-01

    Adult students are an important subgroup in higher education. They are returning to school in numbers at higher percentage rates than their traditional counterparts. Between 2000 and 2010, the enrollment of students under age 25 increased by 34%; however, enrollment of students 25 and over rose 42% during the same period. From 2010 to 2020, the…

  18. The Effects of Teaching Approaches on Student's Writing Strategies in the E-Mail Settings.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sun, Yu-Chih

    A study investigated the writing strategies used by English as a second language (ESL) students in writing electronic mail (e-mail) messages, and to what extent certain ESL teaching variables influenced students' use of writing strategies. Subjects were 16 ESL teachers and their 208 university students. Students were administered a 50-item…

  19. Adult Students' Perception of the Congruence of Hybrid Courses with Their Adult Learning Needs and Their Satisfaction from Hybrid Courses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Iqbal, Rubina

    2011-01-01

    The overall purpose of the study was to examine adult students' perception of the congruence of hybrid courses with adult learning needs and to examine adult students' level of satisfaction with hybrid courses. The study collected data through pre and post surveys, administered at the beginning and near the end of the hybrid courses, of adult…

  20. At Work in the U.S.: Readings and Language for Job Success. Teacher's Resource Guide [and] Student Book [and] Audio Component.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vacco, Ellen; Jablon, Paula

    This document consists of a teacher's resource guide, student book, and an accompanying audio component intended to help beginning-level adult English-as-a-second-language (ESL) learners gain the general language skills and cultural understanding they need to function successfully in the U.S. workplace. The lessons address the following commonly…

  1. Banal Nationalism in ESL Textbooks

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gulliver, Trevor

    2011-01-01

    Despite repeating claims that Canadians are less nationalistic than members of other nations, English as a second language (ESL) textbooks often participate in banal repetitions of nation-ness and nationalism. This banal nationalism takes the form of the marking of nation through flags, maps, routine deixis, and nationalized symbols. This study…

  2. Homogenizing Developmental Studies and ESL.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weaver, Margaret E.

    A discussion of pragmatic issues in both developmental studies (DS) and English-as-a-second-language (ESL) instruction at the college level argues that because the two fields have common problems, challenges, and objectives, they have become homogenized as one in many institutions. Because full-time college faculty avoid teaching developmental…

  3. Language, Cognition, and ESL Literacy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cazden, Courtney B.; Starfield, Sue

    1994-01-01

    In "Vygotsky and ESL Literacy Teaching," Cazden uses examples from South Africa to discuss internalization of socially acquired language, instruction as "scaffolded assistance," and social meanings of English-as-a-Second-Language literacy. In "Cummins, EAP, and Academic Literacy," Starfield focuses on a University of Witwatersrand…

  4. Language, Identities, and ESL Pedagogy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nero, Shondel J.

    2005-01-01

    The multifaceted ways in which English Language Learners (ELLs) engage in "acts of identity" (Le Page & Tabouret-Keller, 1985) through their language use have created new challenges for ESL pedagogy. Heterogeneous identities have called into question the native speaker construct and the assumed links between ethnicity and language expertise.…

  5. ESL Composition: An Historical Perspective.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Silva, Tony

    A description of trends in writing instruction in English as a second language (ESL) since 1945 is intended to inform those with little knowledge of issues and developments in the field and to persuade others of the utility of a new instructional model. The historical review of approaches looks at the theories and classroom practices relating to…

  6. Characteristics of Adult Students Transitioning to a Traditional University and Perceptions of Student Services

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rollins, Dani J.

    2012-01-01

    Limited research is devoted to the transitional process of adult students to the traditional university environment. Considering the incredible numbers of adults projected to return to higher education and/or entering a college or university program for the first time, it behooves institutions of higher learning to invest in the success of adult…

  7. Adult Education in Texas: A Survey of GED Candidates and Hispanic Adult Education Students. Report Number 87-415.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wallace, Michael B.; And Others

    A study was conducted to determine demographic characteristics, motivation, and program satisfaction of General Educational Development (GED) candidates and adult education (including adult basic education, secondary adult education, and English as a second language) students in Texas. Between June and December 1985, about 6,000 adult education…

  8. Summary report for the Engineering Script Language (ESL)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1990-01-01

    The following subject areas are covered: ESL methodology concept; ESL specification; user interface description; engineering scripting language command statements specification; and recommendations for further research and development.

  9. Recruiting and Retaining Adult Students: An Organizational Theory Perspective.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cookson, Peter S.

    1989-01-01

    Describes the recruitment and retention of adult students in light of two varieties of organizational theory. Compliance theory was formulated to classify relationships between organizational representatives and "lower participants" in large organizations. Open systems theory emphasizes the nature of the interaction between an organization and its…

  10. Causes for Attrition Among Adult Basic Education Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cramer, Patricia L.

    This study was conducted to determine causes for attrition among students in an Adult Basic Education (A.B.E.) program located in a non-metropolitan area. Dropouts and completers were compared by demographic characteristics and by sources of difficulty (nonschool-related, school-related, and affective) in attending class. In addition, causes for…

  11. Factors That Affect Initial Enrollment of Working Adult, Graduate Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Adrignola, Matt Nolan

    2010-01-01

    What factors lead working adults to initially enroll in graduate programs? Is the undergraduate degree no longer enough to sustain a rewarding career? Little is known as to why this segment of graduate students are building careers and pursuing advanced degrees simultaneously. Traditional institutions of higher learning have primarily focused on…

  12. Adult, Flexible Students' Approaches to Studying in Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ronning, Wenche M.

    2009-01-01

    A Norwegian translation of the Approaches to Studying Inventory (ASI-32) was administered to 1477 adult students attending flexible study programs in higher education in Norway (2004-05). The intention was to investigate their approaches to studying, taking into account their educational backgrounds and their present, challenging study conditions.…

  13. Demographics and Motivation of Adult Group Piano Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wristen, Brenda

    2006-01-01

    As people are living longer and enjoying better quality of life, there has been a corresponding increase in interest in recreational music-making by adults. This study examined the demographics and motivations of students enrolled in the Community Piano Experience hosted by the University of Nebraska-Lincoln School of Music. Twenty-six…

  14. Student Sex: More or Less Risky than Other Young Adults?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burke, Lorraine; Nic Gabhainn, Saoirse; Young, Honor

    2015-01-01

    Sexually active young adults are at an increased risk of acquiring sexually transmitted infections (STIs) or experiencing an unplanned pregnancy. Sexual behaviours such as inconsistent condom use, multiple partners and casual sex are known risk factors for negative sexual health outcomes. Sexually active higher education students are classified as…

  15. A Home-Language Free Adult Pre-Vocational Audio-Visual Course in English-as-a-Second Language.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Philip D., Jr.

    A pre-vocational English-as-a-second language course for adults was developed for the non-native speaker based upon the following assumptions: the teacher does not have to speak the language of the student; students in a class do not have to speak each others' language; the teacher need not be professionally trained in the field of teaching ESL;…

  16. Full time adult credential students' instructional preferences at California State University, Long Beach: pedagogy orandragogy?

    PubMed

    Wang, Victor

    2004-03-01

    This study investigated the instructional preferences of full time adult credential students after they took a live course called Principles of Adult Education at California State University, Long Beach (CSULB) in the fall semester of 2002. These full time adult credential students had been working on their adult teaching credentials to meet the competencies specified by the California Commission on Teacher Credentialing. The course introduced students to Andragogy developed by Malcolm Knowles out of the andragogical model developed by Lindeman (1926). The study used Principles of Adult Learning Scales (PALS), advanced by Gary Conti in 1983 to measure instructional preferences. Data were collected from 30 (100% of 30) full time adult credential students enrolled in a live course to determine their instructional preferences of helping adults learn. The results of the study showed in most cases these adult learning professionals taught adult students andragogically; in some cases they taught adult students pedagogically. PMID:14727315

  17. Measuring Students' Engagement on College Campuses: Is the NSSE an Appropriate Measure of Adult Students' Engagement?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Price, Karen; Baker, Sandra Nicks

    2012-01-01

    As institutions seek to promote student engagement, the National Survey of Student Engagement has become a measure commonly used to document how institutions are meeting educational goals, but there is some question as to its applicability for certain undergraduate populations. 2010 survey results were analyzed for 125 adult and 69 traditional-age…

  18. Nutrition: Eating for Better Health. Student Workbook. Health Promotion for Adult Literacy Students: An Empowering Approach.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hudson River Center for Program Development, Glenmont, NY.

    This workbook was developed to help adult literacy students learn about nutrition. It contains information sheets, student worksheets, and answers to the worksheets. The information sheets are coordinated with an available audiotape. Some of the topics covered in the workbook are the following: choosing good foods without spending a lot of money;…

  19. 7th Grade Life Science Units Modified for ESOL Students--Middle School.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bernache, Carolyn; Jones, Jacqueline

    A set of supplemental materials for teaching grade 7 life sciences to beginning and intermediate students of English as a second language (ESL) includes an introductory section on teaching the ESL student and six instructional units. The introductory section discusses the special classroom needs and characteristics of the ESL student and provides…

  20. The Functional Load Principle in ESL Pronunciation Instruction: An Exploratory Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Munro, Murray J.; Derwing, Tracey M.

    2006-01-01

    Although it is recognized that ESL students often need assistance to become more comprehensible speakers, their teachers usually have limited time to devote to pronunciation instruction. Research should help teachers set priorities for pronunciation teaching to address these students' needs as efficiently as possible. Here we test the usefulness…

  1. Teaching ESL Writing Skills: The Correction Sheet and Testing Technique. CATESOL Occasional Papers, No. 2.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Decker, Donald M.

    This paper describes a procedure designed to enhance the effectiveness of teaching writing skills in intermediate and advanced English as a Second Language (ESL) classes. The procedure consists of a correction sheet and a testing technique. The student prepares a written assignment which is corrected by the instructor with regard to the student's…

  2. Keeping Native Languages in ESL Class: Accounting for the Role Beliefs Play toward Mastery

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yough, Michael S.; Fang, Ming

    2010-01-01

    Students' native language is a valuable resource in the English as a Second Language (ESL) classroom. Use of native languages may increase a student's sense of efficacy for learning English by: (a) facilitating vocabulary acquisition, (b) aiding learners in comprehension, (c) encouraging self-regulation, (d) making routines and explanations clear…

  3. Rethinking the Red Ink: Audio-Feedback in the ESL Writing Classroom.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johanson, Robert

    1999-01-01

    This paper describes audio-feedback as a teaching method for English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) writing classes. Using this method, writing instructors respond to students' compositions by recording their comments onto an audiocassette, then returning the paper and cassette to the students. The first section describes audio-feedback and explains…

  4. "I Know I'm Generalizing But…": How Teachers' Perceptions Influence ESL Learner Placement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Riley, Tasha

    2015-01-01

    This qualitative study focuses on the potential influence students' English as a second language (ESL) status has on teachers' placement decisions. Specifically, the study examines 21 teachers' responses to and decisions regarding fictional student record cards. Findings reveal that some teachers' placement decisions were influenced by factors…

  5. A Comparison of the Metacognitive Reading Strategies Used by EFL and ESL Readers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Karbalaei, Alireza

    2010-01-01

    This study investigated whether there are any significant differences between EFL and ESL readers in metacognitive reading strategies when they are reading academic texts in English. One hundred and ninety undergraduate students (96 Iranians and 93 Indians) completed an instrument designed to measure the students' metacognitive awareness of…

  6. An Intergenerational E-Mail Pal Project on Attitudes of College Students toward Older Adults

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chase, Carla A.

    2011-01-01

    Intergenerational interactions have demonstrated some success at improving attitudes of college students toward older adults. This quasiexperimental study involved undergraduate college students paired with older adults for a six-week e-mail exchange. Student attitudes toward older adults were measured pre- and posttest with Polizzi's revised…

  7. Academic versus Non-Academic Emerging Adult College Student Technology Use

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Swanson, Joan Ann; Walker, Erica

    2014-01-01

    Emerging adult college students have developmental and educational needs which are unique to their phase of life. The purpose of this study was to examine academic and non-academic technology use by emerging adult college students. Survey results (N = 235) provided insights into emerging adult college student technology preferences and frequency…

  8. Adult attachment security and college student substance use.

    PubMed

    Kassel, Jon D; Wardle, Margaret; Roberts, John E

    2007-06-01

    Previous research has demonstrated strong links between quality of adult attachment styles and various forms of psychological distress. A burgeoning literature further points to a relationship between insecure attachment and drug use, particularly alcohol consumption. In the present study, we expanded upon the existing literature by examining the relationship between adult attachment style and use of cigarettes, alcohol, and marijuana in a sample of 212 college students. Moreover, based on our previous work [Hankin, B.L., Kassel, J.D., and Abela, J.R.Z. (2005). Adult attachment dimensions and specificity of emotional distress symptoms: prospective investigations of cognitive risk and interpersonal stress generation as mediating mechanisms. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 31, 136-151.], we proposed a conceptual model positing that adult attachment style influences both frequency of drug use and stress-motivated drug use through its impact on dysfunctional attitudes and self-esteem. Initial correlational analyses indicated significant (positive) associations between anxious attachment (tapping neediness and fear of abandonment) and both drug use frequency and stress-motivated drug use. Simultaneous regression analyses revealed that, for drug use frequency, the influence of anxious attachment operated primarily through its effect on dysfunctional attitudes and self-esteem. Regarding drug use attributable to negative affect reduction, anxious attachment demonstrated direct, independent effects on both cigarette smoking and alcohol use. These findings highlight the potential importance of adult attachment styles as a risk factor for drug use among college students. PMID:16996225

  9. A Nontraditional Approach to ESL Instruction: Typewriting.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bernstein, Rosella

    An approach to the combination of typewriting instruction and English as a second language (ESL) instruction is described. A typewriting class can serve as a complement to ESL instruction while providing a useful skill. Incidental learning of both elements of language and the material being typed occurs while typing. An integrated program…

  10. ESL as a Supplement to Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reider, Kelly Simpson; Zimmerman-Orozco, Susan

    2009-01-01

    As the population of English-language learners grows exponentially across the nation, districts not traditionally considered immigration magnets suddenly find themselves with a need to come up to speed on implementing the most effective English as a Second Language (ESL) program model. The key to implementing a successful ESL model is to match the…

  11. Write On: Children Writing in ESL.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hudelson, Sarah

    This monograph focuses on the writing development of young English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) learners in order to provide teachers with an overview of research and theory about ESL children's writing from the perspective that research and theory may and should form practice. Recent research on children's first and second language writing is…

  12. The ESL Teacher's Book of Lists.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kress, Jacqueline E.

    The book for teachers of English as a Second Language (ESL) contains 80 lists of words, expressions, constructions, ideas, and materials for use in ESL lesson planning and classroom instruction. The lists are presented in seven groups: (1) general vocabulary, consisting of 21 lists of English words used in various situations in daily life,…

  13. The Missing Link in ESL Teacher Training.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Justen, Edward F.

    1984-01-01

    Many sincere, well-prepared, and technically qualified teachers of English as a second language (ESL) are awkward in class, stressed, and insecure, showing little excitement or energy. The missing element in training programs for ESL teachers is a good basic course in drama. It is an expression at both the visual and auditory levels, is a medium…

  14. Effective Administration of an ESL Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pennington, Martha C.

    Robert Katz's model of the effective administrator, based on essential technical, human, and conceptual skills, offers a useful framework for the administrator of a program in English as a second language (ESL). The technical, human, and conceptual skills specific to the ESL program environment are outlined and illustrated, and Katz's estimation…

  15. Using E-Portfolios and ESL Learners

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alawdat, Maha

    2013-01-01

    This study examines the use of e-portfolios for ESL (English as a second language) learners. The data were collected by reviewing 11 empirical studies from 2010-2012 in order to synthesize meaningful information about e-portfolios for ESL/EFL (English as a foreign language) acquisition. The studies were coded into two main categories: learning…

  16. Immigrant Success Stories in ESL Textbooks

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gulliver, Trevor

    2010-01-01

    Immigrant success stories found in English as a second language (ESL) textbooks used in government-funded language instruction in Canada imagine Canada as a redeemer of immigrant newcomers. Through a critical discourse analysis of ESL textbooks used in Language Instruction for Newcomers to Canada classes in Ontario, I identify two primary…

  17. Closed Captioned TV: A Resource for ESL Literacy Education. ERIC Digest.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Parks, Carolyn

    Recent technological, pedagogical, and regulatory developments have heightened awareness and appreciation of the utility of closed captioned television (CCTV) for adult English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) and literacy instruction. A federal mandate that most televisions provide a closed caption decoder, increased captioning of all program types,…

  18. Effects of Online Academic Lectures on ESL Listening Comprehension, Incidental Vocabulary Acquisition, and Strategy Use

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smidt, Esther; Hegelheimer, Volker

    2004-01-01

    This paper investigates how authentic web-delivered video can inform ESL online instruction and enhance the incidental acquisition of vocabulary and listening comprehension. A total of 24 adult learners of English as a Second Language enrolled in a listening comprehension class at a major Midwestern university participated in the study. The…

  19. Individual Variables, Literacy History, and ESL Progress Among Kurdish and Bosnian Immigrants.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gardner, Sheena; And Others

    1996-01-01

    Examines the relationship between individual variables and the progress in English as a Second Language (ESL) among Kurdish and Bosnian adult immigrants living in Canada. Findings reveal significant correlations between the dependent variables of oral and written progress and the independent variables of literacy level, years of schooling, and…

  20. The Effect of Focused Written Corrective Feedback and Language Aptitude on ESL Learners' Acquisition of Articles

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sheen, Younghee

    2007-01-01

    This study examines the differential effect of two types of written corrective feedback (CF) and the extent to which language analytic ability mediates the effects of CF on the acquisition of articles by adult intermediate ESL learners of various L1 backgrounds (N = 91). Three groups were formed: a "direct-only correction" group, a "direct…

  1. Explicit Form Focus Instruction: The Effects on Implicit and Explicit Knowledge of ESL Learners

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ebadi, Mandana Rohollahzadeh; Saad, Mohd Rashid Mohd; Abedalaziz, Nabil

    2014-01-01

    The study examines the effect of explicit form focus instruction and specifically metalinguistic information feedback on the development of both implicit and explicit knowledge of adult English as a Second Language (ESL) learners. Ninety-one subjects at the lower intermediate level were carefully selected through placement test at one of the…

  2. Output, Input Enhancement, and the Noticing Hypothesis: An Experimental Study on ESL Relativization.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Izumi, Shinichi

    2002-01-01

    Investigates potentially facilitative effects of internal and external attention-drawing devices--output and visual input enhancement--on acquisition of English relativization by adult English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) learners. Addresses whether producing output promotes noticing of formal elements in target language input and affects subsequent…

  3. Attitudes and English: A Study of Community College Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gonzales, Barbara

    In an effort to determine why students with similar academic abilities have differing rates of success in learning English as a second language (ESL), a study of 225 native speakers of Spanish enrolled in the ESL program at Manhattan Community College was conducted during the 1975 Fall semester to test the hypothesis that success in ESL is…

  4. The Role of Learning Environment in the Development of Pragmatic Comprehension: A Comparison of Gains between EFL and ESL Learners

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Taguchi, Naoko

    2008-01-01

    This study examines the role of environment in the development of pragmatic comprehension. It tracks two groups of Japanese students of English: 60 students in a college in Japan (English as a foreign language [EFL] learners) and 57 students in a college in the United States (English as a second language [ESL] learners). The learners completed a…

  5. Engagement of Adult Undergraduates: Insights from the National Survey of Student Engagement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Southerland, J. Nathaniel

    2010-01-01

    Adults are participating in all levels of higher education in increasing numbers due to a variety of societal, cultural, technological, and economic pressures. While many adult students attend 2-year colleges and technical institutions, 4-year colleges and universities are also enrolling substantial percentages of adult students. Nevertheless,…

  6. Adult Basic Education Program Statistics; Students and Staff Data, July 1, 1968-June 30, 1969.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Center for Educational Statistics (DHEW/OE), Washington, DC.

    The adult basic education programs sponsored under the Adult Education Act of 1966 provided basic education to about 485,000 adult students throughout the nation and outlying areas during Fiscal Year 1969. This is an increase of about 29,000 students (6%) over the preceding year. New enrollees represented about 56% of total enrollment during the…

  7. Beginnings III: A Publication of Adult Student Writing of the Ohio Writers' Conference.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ohio State Literacy Resource Center, Kent.

    This document contains 58 poems, essays, letters, personal narratives, reminiscences, and short stories that were selected from 255 entries submitted by 170 adult student writers in Ohio. The student-authored literary works, which adult educators can use in their adult literacy classrooms, are grouped under the following themes: family, learning,…

  8. Adult Women Students Compared with Younger Students on Selected Personality Variables

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marple, Betty Lou N.

    1976-01-01

    This study explores personality differences between adult women students in an undergraduate college and women of the usual undergraduate age. Seven of the 18 California Personality Inventory (CPI) scale comparisons showed significant differences, and eight of the 14 Omnibus Personality Inventory (OPI) scale comparisons showed significant…

  9. Dropout and Completion in Adult Vocational Job Training Programs: A Prediction Model for the Adult Vocational Student.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shank, Jacqueline A.; McCracken, J. David

    A study described the nontraditional adult students attending full-time, occupationally specific vocational training programs in Ohio. It also developed a dropout prediction model of enrolled students using sets of independent variables adapted from the Conceptual Model of Nontraditional Student Attrition and Persistence in Postsecondary…

  10. 10 Lessons of Pre-Employment Skills for ESL Students with a Bilingual English-Vietnamese Glossary and a Teacher's Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thuy, Vuong G.

    In response to the need for instructional materials to help limited-English-proficient Vietnamese-speaking adults become self-sufficient in American society, ten lessons in job search and related skill areas are presented. Each lesson begins with a teacher's guide, which gives an overview of the text, notes on vocabulary and phrases, and a number…

  11. 10 Lessons of Pre-Employment Skills for ESL Students with a Bilingual English-Laotian Glossary and a Teacher's Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thuy, Vuong G.

    In response to the need for instructional materials to help limited-English-proficient Laotian-speaking adults become self-sufficient in American society, ten lessons in job search and related skill areas are presented. Each lesson begins with a teacher's guide, which gives an overview of the text, notes on vocabulary and phrases, and a number of…

  12. 10 Lessons of Pre-Employment Skills for ESL Students with a Bilingual English-Cambodian Glossary and a Teacher's Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thuy, Vuong G.

    In response to the need for instructional materials to help limited-English-proficient Cambodian-speaking adults become self-sufficient in American society, 10 lessons in job search and related skill areas are presented. Each lesson begins with a teacher's guide, which gives an overview of the text, notes on vocabulary and phrases, and a number of…

  13. NASA/DOD Aerospace Knowledge Diffusion Research Project. Paper 61: The Technical Communications Practices of ESL Aerospace Engineering Students in the United States: Results of a National Survey

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Webb, John R.; Pinelli, Thomas E.; Barclay, Rebecca O.; Kennedy, John M.

    1997-01-01

    When engineering students graduate and enter the world of work, they make the transition from an academic to a professional community of knowledge. The importance of oral and written communication to the professional success and advancement of engineers is well documented. For example, studies such as those conducted by Mailloux (1989) indicate that communicating data, information, and knowledge takes up as much as 80% of an engineer's time. However, these same studies also indicate that many engineering graduates cannot (a) write technical reports that effectively inform and influence decisionmaking, (b) present their ideas persuasively, and (c) communicate with their peers. If these statements are true, how is learning to communicate effectively in their professional knowledge community different for engineering students educated in the United States but who come from other cultures-cultures in which English is not the primary language of communication? Answering this question requires adequate and generalizable data about these students' communications abilities, skills, and competencies. To contribute to the answer, we undertook a national (mail) survey of 1,727 student members of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA). The focus of our analysis and this paper is a comparison of the responses of 297 student members for whom English is a second language with the responses of 1,430 native English speaking students to queries regarding career choice, bilingualism and language fluency, communication skills, collaborative writing, computer use, and the use of electronic (computer) networks.

  14. The First-Generation Adult Community College Student: A Case Study of Persistence Strategies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boulanger, Jennifer A.

    2009-01-01

    All college students face new challenges and transitions, but for first-generation adult community college students, those challenges are more pervasive than those of their second-generation peers. The problem addressed is that first-generation adult community college students are at greater risk than their second-generation peers of dropping out…

  15. Facilitating Responsibility for Learning in Adult Community College Students. ERIC Digest.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Howell, Cynthia Lake

    This digest discusses adult students in community colleges, focusing on their learning expectations and needs. In 1997, nearly a third of community college students were age 30 or older. Adult students often have realistic, practical goals for their education and bring valuable life experience to the community college classroom. However, adults…

  16. Exploring Discordance between Self-Efficacy and Writing Performance among Low-Literate Adult Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anastasiou, Dimitris; Michail, Domna

    2013-01-01

    The paper explores accordance or discordance between efficacy beliefs of adult students and their writing performance, using a mixed methods design. The participants are 33 students with learning disabilities (LD) and 35 low-achieving (LA) students, who were attending two Second-Chance Schools (SCSs), a specific type of adult education.…

  17. Disparities in Debt: Parents' Socioeconomic Resources and Young Adult Student Loan Debt

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Houle, Jason N.

    2014-01-01

    In an era of rising college costs and stagnant grant-based student aid, many young adults rely on their parents' resources and student loans to pay for their postsecondary education. In this study I ask how parents' income and education are linked to young adults' student loan debt. I develop and test two perspectives regarding the…

  18. A Proposed Framework for Incorporating Moral Education into the ESL/EFL Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shaaban, Kassim

    2005-01-01

    This paper addresses the issue of incorporating moral education in the English as a second or foreign language (ESL/EFL) classroom in light of the increasing calls for having teachers take on a more pro-active role in the moral development of their students. The moral education model recommended in this study includes the development of…

  19. Concordancers and Dictionaries as Problem-Solving Tools for ESL Academic Writing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yoon, Choongil

    2016-01-01

    The present study investigated how 6 Korean ESL graduate students in Canada used a suite of freely available reference resources, consisting of Web-based corpus tools, Google search engines, and dictionaries, for solving linguistic problems while completing an authentic academic writing assignment in English. Using a mixed methods design, the…

  20. Notes on Grammar: Singing in ESL with Songs for the Grammar Class.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Whittaker, Fawn

    The favorable effect of music on the emotions has been recognized since ancient times, and, more recently, many have made use of music to make students in the classroom more receptive to learning. Songs in the English as a second language (ESL) classroom can be helpful in several ways: (1) by introducing basic vocabulary, (2) by imparting…