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Sample records for advise assess assist

  1. Appreciative Assessment in Academic Advising

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    He, Ye; Hutson, Bryant

    2016-01-01

    Academic advising is one of the key functions in higher education. While there has been a development of advising practices in the past decade, the assessment of academic advising practices is far from satisfactory. In this article, we review major academic advising approaches and key characteristics of quality assessment practices. Based on the…

  2. Academic Advising Assessment Practices: A Descriptive Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Powers, Keith L.

    2012-01-01

    In academic courses, assessment is used to evaluate the effect of teaching on student learning. Academic advising has been viewed as a form of teaching (Crookston, 1972); therefore, it is necessary to assess the effect of academic advising on student learning. The best practices of assessment of academic achievement involve the following three…

  3. Assessing Student Learning in Academic Advising Using Social Cognitive Theory

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Erlich, Richard J.; Russ-Eft, Darlene F.

    2013-01-01

    We investigated whether the social cognitive theory constructs of self-efficacy and self-regulated learning apply to academic advising for measuring student learning outcomes. Community college students (N = 120) participated in an individual academic-advising session. We assessed students' post-intervention self-efficacy in academic planning and…

  4. Are They Numbers or VIPs? A Personalized, Computer-Assisted Approach to College Admissions and Advising.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burdick, Evelyn P.; Reda, Denice A.

    1982-01-01

    Describes the Personalized Admissions and Advisement System introduced at Triton College, Illinois, to administer student recruitment, admissions, advising, and initial orientation. The article compares the old and the new systems and points out the benefits of the computer-assisted method, particularly as related to speed and ease of data…

  5. Evaluation of Napa Valley College's Student Orientation, Assessment, Advisement and Retention Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Friedlander, Jack

    In fall 1983, Napa Valley College fully implemented its Student Orientation, Assessment, Advisement, and Retention (SOAAR) program, which consisted of assessment of first-time students' math and reading skills, advisement about enrolling in regular or developmental courses based on scores, course advisement, and the provision of information on…

  6. Beyond Student Learning Outcomes: Developing Comprehensive, Strategic Assessment Plans for Advising Programmes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McClellan, Jeffrey L.

    2011-01-01

    This article argues that while the importance of assessment in academic advising is clear and the current emphasis on defining and measuring student learning outcomes represents an essential component of any comprehensive advising assessment plan, an even more comprehensive understanding of programme assessment is needed. Drawing upon business…

  7. Applying Social Cognitive Theory to Academic Advising to Assess Student Learning Outcomes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Erlich, Richard J.; Russ-Eft, Darlene

    2011-01-01

    Review of social cognitive theory constructs of self-efficacy and self-regulated learning is applied to academic advising for the purposes of assessing student learning. A brief overview of the history of student learning outcomes in higher education is followed by an explanation of self-efficacy and self-regulated learning constructs and how they…

  8. Be Advised

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Banion, Terry

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of academic advising is to help students select a program of study to meet life and vocational goals. As such, academic advising is a central activity in the process of education. Academic advising occurs at least once each term for every student in the college; few student support functions occur as often or affect so many students.…

  9. Advising and assisting an Iraqi Army medical clinic: observations of a U.S. military support mission.

    PubMed

    Lynn, David C; De Lorenzo, Robert A

    2011-09-01

    Medical civil-military operations are important for deployed military medical units engaged in counter-insurgency missions. There are few reports on military support for a host nation's military medical infrastructure, and we describe an initiative of the 21st Combat Support Hospital in 2010 during the postsurge phase of Operation Iraqi Freedom and Operation New Dawn. The goal was to incrementally improve the quality of care provided by Iraqi 7th Army medical personnel using existing clinic infrastructure and a low budget. Direct bedside teaching to include screening and treatment of ambulatory patients (sick call), focused pharmacy and medical supply system support, medical records documentation, and basic infection control compliance were the objectives. Lessons learned include the requirement to implement culturally relevant changes, maintain focus on system processes, and maximize education and mentorship through multiple modalities. In summary, a combat hospital can successfully implement an advise and assist mission with minimal external resources.

  10. Student vs Faculty Curriculum Advising

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Coke R.; Myers, Rosemary

    1975-01-01

    Attitudes toward advisers and first-year academic progress were assessed for 223 freshman students at Idaho State University. Students advised by students had more positive attitudes toward their advisers and lower drop rates than those advised by faculty. No difference was observed for achieved GPA. Bases for evaluation are discussed. (Author)

  11. Utilizing College Advising Centers to Facilitate and Revitalize Academic Advising.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spencer, Robert W.; And Others

    1982-01-01

    Brigham Young University's College Advising Center, staffed by faculty and nonfaculty advisors, provides traditional academic advising, maintenance of students' advising files, evaluation of transfer credit for major requirements, new-student orientation, maintaining and publishing degree requirement profiles, faculty assistance, registration…

  12. Academic Advising for Retention Purposes.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kazazes, Barbara A.

    An effective academic advising system can assist in the retention of two-year college students; however, the institution and its faculty must be committed to providing such a system. Establishing a successful advising system would require the following: (1) a clear distinction must be made between academic advising and course scheduling; (2)…

  13. The Effects of Program Control, Learner Control, and Learner Control with Advisement Lesson Control Strategies on Anxiety and Learning from Computer-Assisted Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Coorough, Randall P.

    The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of three computer-assisted instruction (CAI) locus of instructional control strategies--learner control, learner control with advisement, and program control--on posttest performance and anxiety. The instructional content was a lesson addressing the effects of alcohol on the body. To examine the…

  14. Advising as Teaching: Establishing Outcomes, Developing Tools, and Assessing Student Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hurt, Robert L.

    2007-01-01

    In every way that matters, advising is a form of teaching. Using Bloom's (1956) taxonomy of educational outcomes, I explain how to develop learning objectives within advising contexts. The article also suggests commonly available educational materials, such as university catalogs, as content delivery mechanisms for students; in addition, it offers…

  15. Psychometric Analysis of the Appreciative Advising Inventory

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crone, Nancy J.

    2013-01-01

    The Appreciative Advising Inventory is an instrument created for use in academic advising. The inventory helps the advisor get to know and understand the student, which in turn allows the advisor to better assist the student. This research provides a psychometric analysis of the Appreciative Advising Inventory to measure its validity and…

  16. Designing of the Information Advising System to Assess the Potential of Creation and Development of Cluster Agglomeration in the Industrial Complex of the Region

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Averchenkova, E. E.; Averchenkov, A. V.; Kulagina, N. A.

    2017-01-01

    The theoretical aspects of creation of the information advising system to assess the potential of development of the cluster agglomeration are described in this article. The algorithm provided in the article estimates possibilities of creation and development of the regional industrial cluster agglomeration. This article describes the possible use of the information advising system of the evaluation and diagnostic type in making managerial decisions by the participants of the technology innovation cluster.

  17. Self-Assessment in Mathematics as a Placement/Advising Tool.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Klein, Paul A.

    1998-01-01

    Examines the viability of replacing the conventional placement testing in mathematics with a self-assessment strategy. Describes a study of 63 adult students who completed one of two self-assessment inventories and a mathematics placement test. Found that there is a positive relationship between information provided by students on the…

  18. Assessing and Managing Breast Cancer Risk: Clinical Tools for Advising Patients

    PubMed Central

    Friedenson, Bernard

    2004-01-01

    Using breast cancer risk assessment tools and going through the process of assessing breast cancer risk can answer many women's questions about what puts them at relatively higher or lower risk. This effectively engages both the clinician and the patient in a discussion about breast cancer, the chances of getting it, and the family's involvement — making the process as important as the actual tools. Examples of selected case histories demonstrate risk assessment using available tools such as the Gail-NCI and the Claus models. For some women, such as those considering tamoxifen or prophylactic surgeries, it may be desirable to prescreen for the inheritance of hereditary mutations and to follow with genetic testing, if indicated. Testing for mutations of breast cancer susceptibility genes or for their diminished expression adds to our ability to assess breast cancer risk at an individual level. The literature contains general interventions that are widely accepted to reduce the severity and the burden of breast cancer, and these are brought together here. The risk assessment process is an important part of a risk reduction program and can help motivate women to engage in prevention activities. This paper uses 2 hypothetical but fact-based and typical case histories to discuss the utility of risk assessment tools for informing women about their options. PMID:15208521

  19. Instructor Grading Variation and Its Implications for Assessment, Advising, and Academic Standards.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boese, Larry; Birdsall, Les

    The Diablo Valley College (California) Research Office assessed the variation of grades in multiple-section courses and its impact on the ability to predict student success. All classes selected for the study were general education offerings applicable for the Associate of Arts degree and/or transfer, and were taught by more than one instructor. A…

  20. Assessing Academic Advising Outcomes Using Social Cognitive Theory: A Validity and Reliability Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Erlich, Richard J.; Russ-Eft, Darlene F.

    2012-01-01

    The validity and reliability of three instruments, the "Counselor Rubric for Gauging Student Understanding of Academic Planning," micro-analytic questions, and the "Student Survey for Understanding Academic Planning," all based on social cognitive theory, were tested as means to assess self-efficacy and self-regulated learning in college academic…

  1. Environmental Assessment Technical Assistance Handbook

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1987-03-01

    The Environmental Assessment Technical Handbook has four types of Technical Assistance Documents (Sections 2.00-5.00) to assist persons preparing environmental information under 21 CFR Part 25, FDA's policies and procedures for implementing the National Environmental Policy Act. Section 2.00 describes how to assemble environmental information, determine if additional testing is needed, and prepare environmental documents to support petitions and applications for proposed actions. Section 3.00 describes methods used to predict the environmental fate of chemicals: water solubility; n-octanol/water partition coefficient vapor pressure; dissociation constant; ultraviolet-visible absorption spectrum; melting temperature; density and relative density; sorption/desorption; hydrolysis; photodegradation; and biodegradation. Section 4.00 describes methods used to predict the environmental effects of chemicals: algal growth; microbial growth inhibition; seed germination and root elongation; seedling growth; acute toxicity to Daphnia, Hyalella azteca, and freshwater fish; earthworm subacute toxicity; and Daphnia chronic toxicity. Section 5.00 describes procedures used to analyze effects test data. The FDA Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition and the FDA Center for Veterinary Medicine prepared the Handbook and will issue revisions or supplements as necessary to reflect comments received and advances in environmental assessment procedures and test methodology.

  2. One State's Efforts to Get Serious about the High Risk Student: Assessment, Faculty Advising, Career Planning, and Developmental Education in Oregon's Community Colleges.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Jerome A.; And Others

    As part of a research project undertaken to strengthen vocational and academic counseling for high risk students in Oregon's community colleges, this report provides four essays which review the literature and state of the art of assessment, developmental education, career development, and faculty advising at the community college level. First,…

  3. Academic advising from a nursing theory perspective.

    PubMed

    Schultz, E D

    1998-01-01

    Academic advising is an important faculty role; it not only assists students in selecting appropriate courses, but it also helps them make choices about personal and career goals. Using a theoretical framework to guide the advising process can make advising sessions more efficient and effective. One nursing theory, modeling and role-modeling, is presented here as a framework for student advising. Modeling and role-modeling theory can guide the advisor to establish a caring interpersonal relationship with the student and plan individualized strategies to meet educational goals.

  4. Strengthening Academic Advising by Developing a Normative Theory

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Himes, Hilleary A.

    2014-01-01

    Discussions on academic advising theory have centered on application from many disciplines; however, academic advising is unlike any other field, and therefore, theories from other disciplines do not correspond with all of the unique goals of advising: assisting students in understanding the meaning of higher education, supporting students in…

  5. The Academic Adviser

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Darling, Ruth

    2015-01-01

    In this essay, I explore the idea that "academic" advisers are "academics" who play a major role in connecting the general education curriculum to the students' experience as well as connecting the faculty to the students' holistic experience of the curriculum. The National Academic Advising Association Concept of Academic…

  6. Academic Advising: A Resource Document.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crockett, David S., Ed.

    Materials and services related to improving the academic advising process compose this manual developed to aid colleges and universities. Part One (Introduction to Advising) covers: the definition and importance of academic advising; basic elements in developing and implementing a successful advising program; delivery of academic advising; and…

  7. Technology-assisted dietary assessment

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhu, Fengqing; Mariappan, Anand; Boushey, Carol J.; Kerr, Deb; Lutes, Kyle D.; Ebert, David S.; Delp, Edward J.

    2008-02-01

    Dietary intake provides valuable insights for mounting intervention programs for prevention of disease. With growing concern for adolescent obesity, the need to accurately measure diet becomes imperative. Assessment among adolescents is problematic as this group has irregular eating patterns and have less enthusiasm for recording food intake. Preliminary studies among adolescents suggest that innovative use of technology may improve the accuracy of diet information from young people. In this paper, we propose a novel food record method using a mobile device that will provide an accurate account of daily food and nutrient intake among adolescents. Our approach includes the use of image analysis tools for identification and quantification of food consumption. Images obtained before and after food is consumed can be used to estimate the diet of an individual. In this paper we describe our initial results and indicate the potential of the proposed system.

  8. Assisted living nursing practice: admission assessment.

    PubMed

    Mitty, Ethel; Flores, Sandi

    2007-01-01

    Admission assessment, generally conducted by a registered nurse, is autonomous, without opportunity for dialogue with colleagues and other health care professionals and bounded by the nurse's knowledge and skills, state regulations, facility practices, and marketing. The fact that some states permit admission and retention of nursing home level-of-care residents and provision of end-of-life care means that the assessment has to be able to predict the resident's likely trajectory of well-being as well as chronic illness exacerbation. The nurse must have a clear perspective on staff competencies and judge whether additional education or training will be necessary. This article reviews assessment standards of practice as put forth by the American Assisted Living Nurses Association as part of its application for recognition of assisted living nursing as specialty nursing practice by the American Nurses Association. The role of the Licensed Practical Nurse/Licensed Vocational Nurse in resident assessment is also discussed.

  9. Advisement Satisfaction among Community College Students in Mississippi

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones-Reed, LaToya Tamiko

    2013-01-01

    Mississippi lacks a formal unified method for evaluating academic advising programs, and it is unclear whether advisement practices are satisfactory and aiding in student success. This study attempted to assess advisement satisfaction among students attending community colleges in Mississippi. The purpose of this study was to explore the level of…

  10. Intensive Technical Assistance Assessment Tool. Community Systems Edition

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sotolongo, Joy

    2004-01-01

    The Intensive Technical Assistance Assessment Tool was originally developed for use in states and communities participating in Smart Start's National Technical Assistance Center's intensive technical assistance program. It is designed to identify specific areas where technical assistance will be of benefit. Assessment results are used to develop…

  11. Course Enrollments and Subsequent Success after Being Advised of or 'Blind' to Assessment Test Scores and Course Recommendations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jue, Penny Y.

    Beginning in fall 1991, Napa Valley College (NVC), in California, switched from essentially mandatory placement of incoming students to an advisory, self-selection system, where students receive course recommendations based on assessment test results. In order to evaluate the validity of NVC's assessment procedures, a study was conducted of…

  12. Survival Kit for School Publications Advisers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Engel, Jackie, Comp.

    This guide offers advice and practical assistance to high school publications advisers. The first section provides general information about school publications, including planning and organizing, public relations, protecting the program and the school, available resources, and advertising. The second section concerns school newspapers and…

  13. Walking Advisement: Program Description.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Byram Hills School District, Armonk, NY.

    The Walking Advisement program at Crittenden Middle School in Armonk, New York was started during the 1984-1985 school year. It was based on the work of Alfred Arth, a middle school specialist at the University of Wyoming. Essentially, the program attempts to expand the guidance function of the school by bringing faculty and students together to…

  14. Student Advisement Model.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Prince George's Community Coll., Largo, MD.

    The advisement system at Prince George's Community College is designed to afford each student complete information and preparation for entry into appropriate courses. Student movement through the process is determined by whether the student is considered first-time, transfer, concurrent enrollment, a veteran, non-matriculated, handicapped,…

  15. The Advising Time Inventory.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hansen, Evelyn Unes

    1980-01-01

    The initiation of an individualized baccalaureate degree at the General College of the University of Minnesota led to an increased burden on the faculty. A study identifying how much "real time" faculty spend in advising, with whom, and on what kinds of activities is presented. (JMF)

  16. Assessment of U.S. Government and Coalition Efforts to Train, Equip, and Advise the Afghan Border Police

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-05-24

    assessment oversight that facilitates informed, timely decision-making by senior leaders of the DoD and the U.S. Congress, addressing priority national...the Afghan Border Police May 24, 2013 i Executive Summary–Assessment of U.S. Government and Coalition Efforts to Develop the Afghan Border...forces. ISAF is the executive agent responsible for planning and executing the Border Police program. ISAF Joint Command is responsible for the general

  17. Developing the Advising "Tool Kit."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kelly, James J.

    1988-01-01

    Developing an inventory consisting of each and every item that contributes to a total advising program is suggested. The point to be made by developing a campus "Advising Tool Kit" such as Penn State's is that advising and advisors are becoming increasingly integral to the entire educational mission of colleges and universities. (MLW)

  18. Faculty Perceptions of Academic Advising

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bossenmaier, Monica M.

    1978-01-01

    Nursing school faculty and students at the University of Minnesota were surveyed for their attitudes toward the academic advisement process, specifically a one-year trial system called core advising. Findings showed that students needed and wanted advising services and that faculty advisors must have a reduced teaching load with preparation for…

  19. Student-Advising Recommendations from the Council of Residency Directors Student Advising Task Force

    PubMed Central

    Hillman, Emily; Lutfy-Clayton, Lucienne; Desai, Sameer; Kellogg, Adam; Zhang, Xiao Chi; Hu, Kevin; Hess, Jamie

    2017-01-01

    Residency training in emergency medicine (EM) is highly sought after by U.S. allopathic medical school seniors; recently there has been a marked increase in the number of applications per student, raising costs for students and programs. Disseminating accurate advising information to applicants and programs could reduce excessive applying. Advising students applying to EM is a critical role for educators, clerkship directors, and program leaders (residency program director, associate and assistant program directors). A variety of advising resources is available through social media and individual organizations; however, currently there are no consensus recommendations that bridge these resources. The Council of Residency Directors (CORD) Student Advising Task Force (SATF) was initiated in 2013 to improve medical student advising. The SATF developed best-practice consensus recommendations and resources for student advising. Four documents (Medical Student Planner, EM Applicant’s Frequently Asked Questions, EM Applying Guide, and EM Medical Student Advisor Resource List) were developed and are intended to support prospective applicants and their advisors. The recommendations are designed for the mid-range EM applicant and will need to be tailored to students’ individual needs. PMID:28116016

  20. ADVISE: A Catalyst for Change in Student Advising and Student Tracking.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bach, Susan; And Others

    In January 1991, Portland Community College (PCC) received Title III funding to develop a computerized student tracking and advising system designed to provide maximum academic assistance to at-risk students. The goals of the project included the following: (1) develop a student information system to link student service units; (2) design and…

  1. Academic Advising Audit: An Institutional Evaluation and Analysis of the Organization and Delivery of Advising Services.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crockett, David S.

    Designed to assist institutions in evaluating the current status of their academic advising program, this manual provides guidelines and materials used to conduct a four-step audit. Following a brief introduction, an overview of the audit procedure is presented. The next four sections, corresponding to the steps in the audit, are presented: (1)…

  2. Measuring Assistive Technology Outcomes in Schools Using Functional Assessment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Silverman, Michelle Kaye; Stratman, Kristine Freiberg; Smith, Roger O.

    2000-01-01

    Activities of Project OATS (Outcomes of Assistive Technology in the Schools) are described, including identification and piloting of existing assessment instruments for use as an outcome measure, examining the validity of the School Function Assessment, and field testing the School Function Assessment-Assistive Technology Version, an adaptation of…

  3. Advising with Understanding: Considering Hermeneutic Theory in Academic Advising

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Champlin-Scharff, Sarah

    2010-01-01

    One might say that good advising requires understanding of those being advised. Yet, the way to achieve an accurate understanding of each advisee is unclear. An introduction to the field of hermeneutics, including an outline of Martin Heidegger's notion of human being and existential understanding, is presented to offer advisors a new opportunity…

  4. Simulation Assisted Risk Assessment: Blast Overpressure Modeling

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lawrence, Scott L.; Gee, Ken; Mathias, Donovan; Olsen, Michael

    2006-01-01

    A probabilistic risk assessment (PRA) approach has been developed and applied to the risk analysis of capsule abort during ascent. The PRA is used to assist in the identification of modeling and simulation applications that can significantly impact the understanding of crew risk during this potentially dangerous maneuver. The PRA approach is also being used to identify the appropriate level of fidelity for the modeling of those critical failure modes. The Apollo launch escape system (LES) was chosen as a test problem for application of this approach. Failure modes that have been modeled and/or simulated to date include explosive overpressure-based failure, explosive fragment-based failure, land landing failures (range limits exceeded either near launch or Mode III trajectories ending on the African continent), capsule-booster re-contact during separation, and failure due to plume-induced instability. These failure modes have been investigated using analysis tools in a variety of technical disciplines at various levels of fidelity. The current paper focuses on the development and application of a blast overpressure model for the prediction of structural failure due to overpressure, including the application of high-fidelity analysis to predict near-field and headwinds effects.

  5. Preferences for Academic Advising Styles

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weir, Susan B.; Dickman, Marcia M.; Fuqua, Dale R.

    2005-01-01

    This psychometric study was designed to test the feasibility of measuring college students' preferences for developmental and prescriptive advising styles as separate constructs. Part 5 of the Academic Advising Inventory (Winston & Sandor, 1984b) was revised into two independent scales, one for measuring preferences for developmental advising…

  6. Academic Advising during Program Discontinuance

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maher, Michelle A.

    2006-01-01

    Academic program closure is explored and student advising needs that emerged in 3 stages of program decline and discontinuation are identified. Data from interviews and advising communication of 20 graduate students enrolled in a master of education program targeted for discontinuation were qualitatively analyzed within a framework of an…

  7. Performance Appraisal: A New Model for Academic Advisement.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hazleton, Vincent; Tuttle, George E.

    1981-01-01

    Presents the performance appraisal model for student advisement, a centralized developmental model that focuses on the content and process of advisement. The model has three content objectives: job definition, performance assessment, and goal setting. Operation of the model is described. Benefits and potential limitations are identified. (Author)

  8. Academic Probation Intervention through Academic Assistance Advising

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Preuss, Michael; Switalski, Rachael

    2008-01-01

    Retaining and aiding students on academic probation is a concern for all institutions of higher education. Students placed on academic probation by Rockingham Community College (RCC) have been encouraged to participate in an intervention program since the summer of 2006. When treated as an aggregate, the data regarding the program indicates that…

  9. Impact: Advising Makes the Difference. Proceedings of the National Conference on Academic Advising (2nd, Memphis, Tennessee, October 8-11, 1978).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chando, Carl M., Ed.

    Summaries of papers from the 1978 National Conference on Academic Advising are presented. Among the 58 papers are the following: "Faculty Advising as Faculty Development" (Howard Kramer); "Student Self-Assessment Systems and Academic Advising" (John H. Clarke, Christopher Robles, Joanne Yphantis); "Development and Utilization of a Peer Advising…

  10. National Weatherization Assistance Program Evaluation: Assessment of Refrigerator Energy Use

    SciTech Connect

    Tonn, Bruce Edward; Goeltz, Rick

    2015-03-01

    This report assesses the energy consumption characteristics and performance of refrigerators that were monintored as a component of the Indoor Air Quality Study that itself was a component of the retrospective evaluation of the Department of Energy's Weatherization Assistance Program.

  11. Developmental Academic Advising: What Do Students Want?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Winston, Roger B.; Sandor, Janet A.

    1984-01-01

    Through the development and administration of the Academic Advising Inventory, University of Georgia students were given the opportunity to demonstrate a preference for either developmental advising or for traditional prescriptive advising. (MLW)

  12. Assessment of Stress in Physician Assistant Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kuhn, Lisa; Kranz, Peter L.; Koo, Felix; Cossio, Griselda; Lund, Nick L.

    2005-01-01

    Twenty-seven full-time students within the Physician Assistant Studies Program at The University of Texas--Pan American were anonymously surveyed to determine their levels of stress while enrolled in their first semester. The majority of respondents reported that their stress levels at this point in the program tell within the moderate to…

  13. Assessing Directions for Educational Development Assistance.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chapman, David W.

    2001-01-01

    Asserts that three factors are changing international development assistance and the agenda of international development agencies working in the area of education: (1) shifts in the age distribution of the population; (2) devolution of more authority to lower levels of the education system; and (3) intensified competition for resources. Examines…

  14. Assessing Graduate Teaching Assistants' Beliefs and Practices

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Douglas, Jennifer; Powell, Darcey N.; Rouamba, Nathalie H.

    2016-01-01

    Graduate teaching assistants (GTAs) play a crucial role in North American colleges. At a mid-Atlantic, land grant institution, GTAs instruct 34,000 undergraduates per semester. Given this scope, GTAs exert a powerful influence on undergraduate learning, yet little is known about their teaching beliefs in relation to their classroom practices. This…

  15. Assessing Graduate Assistant Teacher Communication Concerns.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Feezel, Jerry D.; Myers, Scott A.

    1997-01-01

    Finds that graduate teaching assistants (GTAs) experience eight interrelated types of communication concern (self, task, impact, role conflict, teaching, area knowledge, procedural knowledge, and time management). Shows that GTA variables of expected duties, prior teaching experience, newness to area, foreign or domestic birth, and age are likely…

  16. [Computer-assisted surgery: assessment and perspectives].

    PubMed

    Demongeot, J

    The hospital in the future will be faced with the major problem of managing and optimizing the use of images provided from numerous sources examining both anatomy (MRI, CT-scan...) and function (gamma-camera, PET-scan...). One of the first to benefit from such rationalization will be the surgeon. After studying the results of the physical examination, the laboratory reports and the medical imaging, the surgeon will decide on the best curative measured and the best surgical route before operating. He thus needs a computer to assist him in integrating the multi-modal information available for his patient, in particular the imaging with automatic integration and visualisation in synoptic mode (perception step), showing the trajectory of possible access routes to the target organ, memorization of the chosen route (decision step) and real operation either using laser or a manuel tool, or with robot assistance under human control (action step). This close cooperation between surgery and computers is called computer-assisted surgery. A few examples of current uses an future perspectives of this new field of surgery are presented.

  17. Developmental Advising--How? Why? Proceedings of the Region VII Conference on Academic Advising. (4th, Little Rock, Arkansas, May 15-17, 1988).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Garnett, Donald T., Ed.

    This report of a conference on developmental advising contains the following 18 papers: "An Introduction to the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI)" (Roberta Corder); "Computer-Assisted Advising: The Personal Touch" (Susan Aldrich, Mark Peterson, Bruce Sands); "The Freshman Survey: Phase I" (Laura Lemonine);…

  18. Perceptions of University Students regarding Computer Assisted Assessment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jamil, Mubashrah

    2012-01-01

    Computer assisted assessment (CAA) is a common technique of assessment in higher educational institutions in Western countries, but a relatively new concept for students and teachers in Pakistan. It was therefore interesting to investigate students' perceptions about CAA practices from different universities of Pakistan. Information was collected…

  19. Assessment of Voting Assistance Programs for Calendar Year 2011

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-03-30

    Assistance Program ( VAP ) . This assessment is based on the 2008 VAP requirements outlined in Public Law 107-107, UOCAVA, DODD 1000.04 and DODD 1334.13...Senio~ Navy Voting Representative {SNVR) organization, to provide Navy- wide visibility regarding compliance with the Voting Assistance Program ( VAP ...of reference (b): (~) Issue: Echelon II and Command-level VAP evaluations are not being performed, retained, and submitted in accordance with

  20. Strategies for Advising Disabled Students for Postsecondary Education. [Update.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hartman, Rhona C.; Baker, Bonnie

    This fact sheet suggests several strategies for counseling students with disabilities who are considering postsecondary education opportunities. It was designed to assist those who advise or counsel students with disabilities in high school, community and junior colleges, career training schools, vocational technical schools, 4-year colleges,…

  1. Advising the Student-Athlete.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gurney, Gerald S.; Johnson, Sally P.

    1986-01-01

    Some recent institutional studies describing the academic preparation and subsequent performance of student-athletes are reviewed, and their implication for academic advising is discussed. "Dumb Jock" image, initial academic advisor contact, fifth-year grant programs, are among the issues described. (MLW)

  2. Academic Advising: And Different Expectations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guinn, Donna; Mitchell, Richard

    1986-01-01

    To test the hypothesis that differing perceptions of the role and responsibilities of the advisor exist, in 1984 an Advising Role and Responsibility Inventory was developed and administered. The population of the study consisted of students, faculty, and administrators from a four-year, comprehensive, state-supported, midwestern university. (MLW)

  3. Peer Advising: A Working Model.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barman, Charles R.; Benson, Paul A.

    1981-01-01

    The development and implementation of a Peer Advising Program at the University of Wisconsin-Superior is discussed. The program's components and evaluation are described and observations and conclusions drawn from a working model are provided. An advisor evaluation form is appended. (MLW)

  4. PERFORMANCE ASSESSMENT ASSISTANCE ACTIVITIES IN THE DOE COMPLEX

    SciTech Connect

    Seitz, R.

    2012-01-23

    The United States Department of Energy Office of Environmental Management (DOE-EM) has established a Performance Assessment Community of Practice (PA CoP) to foster the sharing of information among performance assessment (PA) and risk assessment practitioners, regulators and oversight personnel. The general intent is to contribute to continuous improvement in the consistency, technical adequacy and quality of implementation of PAs and risk assessments around the DOE Complex. The PA CoP activities have involved commercial disposal facilities and international participants to provide a global perspective. The PA CoP has also sponsored annual technical exchanges as a means to foster improved communication and to share lessons learned from on-going modelling activities. The PA CoP encourages activities to provide programmatic and technical assistance in the form of sharing experience and lessons learned with practitioners during the development of PAs and risk assessments. This assistance complements DOE-EM reviews through the Low-Level Waste Disposal Facility Federal Review Group (LFRG) that are conducted after modelling efforts are completed. Such up-front assistance is providing additional value in terms of improving consistency and sharing of information. There has been a substantial increase in the amount of assistance being provided. The assistance has been well received by practitioners and regulators that have been involved. The paper highlights assistance and sharing of information that has been conducted in the last two years to support activities underway in support of proposed disposal facilities at Paducah, Portsmouth, and the Idaho National Laboratory and tank closure at Hanford.

  5. Performance Assessment Assistance Activities in the DOE Complex - 12325

    SciTech Connect

    Seitz, Roger R.; Phifer, Mark A.; Letourneau, Martin J.

    2012-07-01

    The United States Department of Energy Office of Environmental Management (DOE-EM) has established a Performance Assessment Community of Practice (PA CoP) to foster the sharing of information among performance assessment (PA) and risk assessment practitioners, regulators and oversight personnel. The general intent is to contribute to continuous improvement in the consistency, technical adequacy and quality of implementation of PAs and risk assessments around the DOE Complex. The PA CoP activities have involved commercial disposal facilities and international participants to provide a global perspective. The PA CoP has also sponsored annual technical exchanges as a means to foster improved communication and to share lessons learned from on-going modelling activities. The PA CoP encourages activities to provide programmatic and technical assistance in the form of sharing experience and lessons learned with practitioners during the development of PAs and risk assessments. This assistance complements DOE-EM reviews through the Low-Level Waste Disposal Facility Federal Review Group (LFRG) that are conducted after modelling efforts are completed. Such up-front assistance is providing additional value in terms of improving consistency and sharing of information. There has been a substantial increase in the amount of assistance being provided. The assistance has been well received by practitioners and regulators that have been involved. The paper highlights assistance and sharing of information that has been conducted in the last two years to support activities underway in support of proposed disposal facilities at Paducah, Portsmouth, and the Idaho National Laboratory and tank closure at Hanford. DOE-EM established the PA CoP to help improve the consistency and quality of implementation of modelling activities around the DOE Complex. The PA CoP has sponsored annual technical exchanges as a means to foster improved communication and to share lessons learned from ongoing

  6. Segmentation Assisted Food Classification for Dietary Assessment.

    PubMed

    Zhu, Fengqing; Bosch, Marc; Schap, Tusarebecca; Khanna, Nitin; Ebert, David S; Boushey, Carol J; Delp, Edward J

    2011-01-24

    Accurate methods and tools to assess food and nutrient intake are essential for the association between diet and health. Preliminary studies have indicated that the use of a mobile device with a built-in camera to obtain images of the food consumed may provide a less burdensome and more accurate method for dietary assessment. We are developing methods to identify food items using a single image acquired from the mobile device. Our goal is to automatically determine the regions in an image where a particular food is located (segmentation) and correctly identify the food type based on its features (classification or food labeling). Images of foods are segmented using Normalized Cuts based on intensity and color. Color and texture features are extracted from each segmented food region. Classification decisions for each segmented region are made using support vector machine methods. The segmentation of each food region is refined based on feedback from the output of classifier to provide more accurate estimation of the quantity of food consumed.

  7. Segmentation assisted food classification for dietary assessment

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhu, Fengqing; Bosch, Marc; Schap, TusaRebecca; Khanna, Nitin; Ebert, David S.; Boushey, Carol J.; Delp, Edward J.

    2011-03-01

    Accurate methods and tools to assess food and nutrient intake are essential for the association between diet and health. Preliminary studies have indicated that the use of a mobile device with a built-in camera to obtain images of the food consumed may provide a less burdensome and more accurate method for dietary assessment. We are developing methods to identify food items using a single image acquired from the mobile device. Our goal is to automatically determine the regions in an image where a particular food is located (segmentation) and correctly identify the food type based on its features (classification or food labeling). Images of foods are segmented using Normalized Cuts based on intensity and color. Color and texture features are extracted from each segmented food region. Classification decisions for each segmented region are made using support vector machine methods. The segmentation of each food region is refined based on feedback from the output of classifier to provide more accurate estimation of the quantity of food consumed.

  8. African-American Male Business Students' Perspective of Academic Advising: A Retention and Success Strategy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abghari, Siavash

    2007-01-01

    Academic advising is an essential component of any institution of higher education. Advisors and advisees work together to make an individual academic plan based on each student's weaknesses, strengths, and goals. The advising relationship is an on-going communication that transcends course selection and should attempt to assist students as they…

  9. International Student-Athlete Adjustment Issues: Advising Recommendations for Effective Transitions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Newell, Emily M.

    2015-01-01

    Through an extensive literature review, student--athlete college transition issues as well as concerns of international student-athletes are identified. Research on general student advising, developmental advising, and mentoring literature points to successful tactics for assisting domestic students, international students, and student-athletes…

  10. Income Tax Preparation Assistance Service Learning Program: A Multidimensional Assessment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aldridge, Richard; Callahan, Richard A.; Chen, Yining; Wade, Stacy R.

    2015-01-01

    The authors present a multidimensional assessment of the outcomes and benefits of an income tax preparation assistance (ITPA) service learning program. They measure the perceived proximate benefits at the delivery of the service program, the actual learning outcome benefits prior to graduation, and the perceived long-term benefits from a…

  11. Cesarsky chosen as nuclear adviser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dumé, Belle

    2009-06-01

    The astronomer Catherine Cesarsky has been appointed high commissioner of the French Atomic Energy Commission (CEA). Cesarsky will be responsible for advising the French government on policy in all areas in which the CEA is involved. The first woman to hold the post since the CEA was founded in 1945, she succeeds the chemist Bernard Bigot, who has moved sideways to become the agency's general administrator.

  12. Analysis of reaching movements of upper arm in robot assisted exercises. Kinematic assessment of robot assisted upper arm reaching single-joint movements.

    PubMed

    Iuppariello, Luigi; D'Addio, Giovanni; Romano, Maria; Bifulco, Paolo; Lanzillo, Bernardo; Pappone, Nicola; Cesarelli, Mario

    2016-01-01

    Robot-mediated therapy (RMT) has been a very dynamic area of research in recent years. Robotics devices are in fact capable to quantify the performances of a rehabilitation task in treatments of several disorders of the arm and the shoulder of various central and peripheral etiology. Different systems for robot-aided neuro-rehabilitation are available for upper limb rehabilitation but the biomechanical parameters proposed until today, to evaluate the quality of the movement, are related to the specific robot used and to the type of exercise performed. Besides, none study indicated a standardized quantitative evaluation of robot assisted upper arm reaching movements, so the RMT is still far to be considered a standardised tool. In this paper a quantitative kinematic assessment of robot assisted upper arm reaching movements, considering also the effect of gravity on the quality of the movements, is proposed. We studied a group of 10 healthy subjects and results indicate that our advised protocol can be useful for characterising normal pattern in reaching movements.

  13. Advising as Servant Leadership: Investigating Student Satisfaction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Paul, W. Kohle; Fitzpatrick, Colleen

    2015-01-01

    Student satisfaction with advising is positively linked to first-year student retention and sophomore persistence to their senior year. However, inconsistencies in the advising literature confound conclusions about the most effective advising approach to elicit student satisfaction. Positive links between the servant leadership approach and…

  14. Improving Academic Advising. IDEA Paper No. 3.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grites, Thomas J.

    Suggestions for faculty who are attempting to improve their advising skills without the benefit of a formal program are offered. Good advisement is always a process composed of timely responses in areas relevant to student education. The scope of advising may encompass the following: describe the intent of the general or liberal arts part of the…

  15. Academic Advising as Learning: 10 Organizing Principles

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hemwall, Martha K.; Trachte, Kent C.

    2005-01-01

    A learning paradigm can transform the field of academic advising. Ten organizing principles answer the two core questions raised by a focus on learning. What should the student learn through advising? How might the learning take place? The first three organizing principles define a curriculum for academic advising and are based on the premise that…

  16. Student User Evaluations of Peer Adviser Services.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Frisz, Ruth H.; Lane, Jeffrey R.

    1987-01-01

    Undergraduate students (N=1,032) using a peer advisement service completed a questionnaire containing a personal profile, reasons for using the service, previous use, how students learned of service, and evaluation of peer advisers. Results support continued use of existing peer advisement training model, which includes interpersonal communication…

  17. Advising as Servant Leadership: Investigating the Relationship

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Paul, W. Kohle; Smith, K. Courtney; Dochney, Brendan J.

    2012-01-01

    Advisors serve in many, often overlooked, roles. We investigated the supposition that McClellan (2007a) espoused between academic advising and servant leadership. Our hypotheses, that measures of servant leadership and developmental advising are correlated and that wisdom is the best predictor of developmental advising behaviors, were supported.…

  18. Prediction of Advisability of Returning Home Using the Home Care Score

    PubMed Central

    Matsugi, Akiyoshi; Tani, Keisuke; Tamaru, Yoshiki; Yoshioka, Nami; Yamashita, Akira; Mori, Nobuhiko; Oku, Kosuke; Ikeda, Masashi; Nagano, Kiyoshi

    2015-01-01

    Purpose. The aim of this study was to assess whether the home care score (HCS), which was developed by the Ministry of Health and Welfare in Japan in 1992, is useful for the prediction of advisability of home care. Methods. Subjects living at home and in assisted-living facilities were analyzed. Binominal logistic regression analyses, using age, sex, the functional independence measure score, and the HCS, along with receiver operating characteristic curve analyses, were conducted. Findings/Conclusions. Only HCS was selected for the regression equation. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis revealed that the area under the curve (0.9), sensitivity (0.82), specificity (0.83), and positive predictive value (0.84) for HCS were higher than those for the functional independence measure, indicating that the HCS is a powerful predictor for advisability of home care. Clinical Relevance. Comprehensive measurements of the condition of provided care and the activities of daily living of the subjects, which are included in the HCS, are required for the prediction of advisability of home care. PMID:26491568

  19. Using the ACT Student Profile Report (SPR) in Academic Advising.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crockett, David S.

    The components of academic advising and the educational benefits to students are outlined and ways in which the American College Testing (ACT) Assessment Program can help are examined. The ACT Assessment Program is designed for use by students planning to enter postsecondary education and provides a base of information about freshman advisees. The…

  20. Student Satisfaction with Faculty Advisors in an Intrusive Advising Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vowell, Faye; Karst, Ronald

    1987-01-01

    The procedures involved in implementing an intrusive advising program at Emporia State University are described. The findings reported are based on a questionnaire designed to assess the effectiveness of the program, including some comments from students who participated. (Author/MLW)

  1. Multicultural Issues in Graduate Advising Relationships

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schlosser, Lewis Z.; Talleyrand, Regine M.; Lyons, Heather Z.; Kim, Bryan S. K.; Johnson, W. Brad

    2011-01-01

    Although advisor-advisee relationships are ubiquitous to graduate training, there is relatively little scholarship bearing on advising relationships. Not surprisingly, the intersection between multiculturalism and advising relationships is also sparse. Given the potential increase in the numbers of People of Color entering graduate training due to…

  2. Enhancing Student Learning: RN CAT Advisement Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Donaldson, Susan K.

    This document describes a community college advisement program that was implemented to improve the student pass rate for the national nursing licensure examination. The nursing faculty at Manatee Community College (Florida) recently instituted an advisement system during the final semester of the two-year nursing program. First, students were…

  3. Mission Impossible? Advising and Institutional Culture

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kuhtmann, Marlene S.

    2004-01-01

    The structure of undergraduate advising at private institutions that offer degrees beyond the baccalaureate level is considered. Shared advising models are found to be suitable for highly selective, extensive doctoral institutions with sizeable full-time undergraduate populations and relatively basic programmatic structures. Similar but more…

  4. Interactive Decision Support for Academic Advising

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mohamed, Abdallah

    2016-01-01

    Purpose: This paper aims to support academic advising, which plays a crucial role in student success and retention. The paper focuses on one of the most challenging tasks involved in academic advising: individual course scheduling. This task includes not only careful planning for different courses over several semesters according to students'…

  5. 76 FR 67004 - Order Approving Filing Fees for Exempt Reporting Advisers and Private Fund Advisers

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-28

    ... billion or more in hedge fund assets, combined liquidity fund and registered money market fund assets or... COMMISSION Order Approving Filing Fees for Exempt Reporting Advisers and Private Fund Advisers Section 204(c... that would require any adviser registered with the Commission and managing one or more private funds...

  6. 76 FR 62100 - Approval of Filing Fees for Exempt Reporting Advisers and Private Fund Advisers

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-06

    ... Trading Commission released a joint proposal that would require hedge fund advisers and other private fund... more in hedge fund assets, combined liquidity fund and registered money market fund assets or private... COMMISSION Approval of Filing Fees for Exempt Reporting Advisers and Private Fund Advisers AGENCY:...

  7. The Psychology Department Model Advisement Procedure: A Comprehensive, Systematic Approach to Career Development Advisement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Howell-Carter, Marya; Nieman-Gonder, Jennifer; Pellegrino, Jennifer; Catapano, Brittani; Hutzel, Kimberly

    2016-01-01

    The MAP (Model Advisement Procedure) is a comprehensive, systematic approach to developmental student advisement. The MAP was implemented to improve advisement consistency, improve student preparation for internships/senior projects, increase career exploration, reduce career uncertainty, and, ultimately, improve student satisfaction with the…

  8. 13 CFR 107.510 - SBA approval of Licensee's Investment Adviser/Manager.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false SBA approval of Licensee's Investment Adviser/Manager. 107.510 Section 107.510 Business Credit and Assistance SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION SMALL BUSINESS INVESTMENT COMPANIES Managing the Operations of a Licensee Management...

  9. Houston Baptist University Academic Advising Handbook, 1986-1987.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ford, Jerry

    A handbook for academic advisers at Houston Baptist University (HBU) is presented. Attention is directed to: definitions of advising, roles of academic advisers, behavioral objectives, limitations of academic advising, adviser and advisee responsibilities, and information pertaining to specific HBU departments and regulations. Additional topics…

  10. An Assessment of Burnout in Graduate Assistant Certified Athletic Trainers

    PubMed Central

    Mazerolle, Stephanie M.; Monsma, Eva; Dixon, Colin; Mensch, James

    2012-01-01

    Context: Graduate assistant athletic trainers (GAATs) must balance the demands of clinical care and the academic load of graduate-level students. Objective: To examine burnout among GAATs with clinical assistantships at National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I institutions and to identify the personal and situational variables that are related to burnout. Design: Cross-sectional study. Setting: Division I universities offering graduate assistantship programs. Patients or Other Participants: Two hundred one GAATs enrolled at NCAA Division I universities with graduate assistantship positions. Main Outcome Measures(s): The Athletic Training Burnout Inventory, which assesses stress and burnout among ATs through 4 constructs: emotional exhaustion and depersonalization, administrative responsibility, time commitment, and organizational support. The 6-point Likert scale is anchored by 1 (never true) and 6 (always true). Results: The GAATs who traveled with athletic teams (4.051 ± 0.895) and those who provided classroom instruction (4.333 ± 1.16) reported higher levels of stress due to time commitment than those who did not travel (3.713 ± 1.22) or teach (3.923 ± 0.929). We also found a difference in administrative responsibility across clinical settings (F6,194  =  3.507, P  =  .003). The results showed that GAATs in NCAA Division I clinical settings (44.55 ± 13.17 hours) worked more hours than those in NCAA Division III clinical settings (33.69 ± 12.07 hours) and those in high school settings (30.51 ± 9.934 hours). Conclusions: Graduate assistant ATs are at risk for burnout because of the time necessary to complete their clinical and academic responsibilities and their additional administrative responsibilities. Graduate assistants who work in the Division I clinical setting are at greater risk for burnout than those in the secondary school setting because of the large number of hours required. PMID

  11. Annotated Bibliography of Recent Research Related to Academic Advising

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mottarella, Karen, Comp.

    2011-01-01

    This article presents an annotated bibliography of recent research related to academic advising. It includes research papers that focus on advising and a special section of the "Journal of Career Development" that is devoted to multicultural graduate advising relationships.

  12. Percutaneous Ventricular Assist Devices: A Health Technology Assessment

    PubMed Central

    Lee, Christine; Djalalov, Sandjar; Xie, Xuanqian; Holubowich, Corinne

    2017-01-01

    Background Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI)—using a catheter to place a stent to keep blood vessels open—is increasingly used for high-risk patients who cannot undergo surgery. Cardiogenic shock (when the heart suddenly cannot pump enough blood) is associated with a high mortality rate. The percutaneous ventricular assist device can help control blood pressure and increase blood flow in these high-risk conditions. This health technology assessment examined the benefits, harms, and budget impact of the Impella percutaneous ventricular assist device in high-risk PCI and cardiogenic shock. We also analyzed cost-effectiveness of the Impella device in high-risk PCI. Methods We performed a systematic search of the literature for studies examining the effects of the Impella percutaneous ventricular assist device in high-risk PCI and cardiogenic shock, and appraised the evidence according to the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) Working Group criteria, focusing on hemodynamic stability, mortality, major adverse cardiac events, bleeding, and vascular complications. We developed a Markov decision-analytical model to assess the cost- effectiveness of Impella devices versus intra-aortic balloon pumps (IABPs), calculated incremental cost-effectiveness ratios (ICERs) using a 10-year time horizon, and conducted sensitivity analyses to examine the robustness of the estimates. The economic model was conducted from the perspective of the Ontario Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care. Results Eighteen studies (one randomized controlled trial and 10 observational studies for high-risk PCI, and one randomized controlled trial and six observational studies for cardiogenic shock) were included in the clinical review. Compared with IABPs, Impella 2.5, one model of the device, improved hemodynamic parameters (GRADE low–very low) but showed no significant difference in mortality (GRADE low), major adverse cardiac events (GRADE low

  13. Computer-Assisted Assessment in Higher Education. Staff and Educational Development Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Sally, Ed.; Race, Phil, Ed.; Bull, Joanna, Ed.

    This book profiles how computer-assisted assessment can help both staff and students by drawing on the experience and expertise of practitioners, in the United Kingdom and internationally, who are already using computer-assisted assessment. The publication is organized into three main sections--"Pragmatics and Practicalities of CAA,""Using CAA for…

  14. Thermally assisted sensor for conformity assessment of biodiesel production

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kawano, M. S.; Kamikawachi, R. C.; Fabris, J. L.; Muller, M.

    2015-02-01

    Although biodiesel can be intentionally tampered with, impairing its quality, ineffective production processes may also result in a nonconforming final fuel. For an incomplete transesterification reaction, traces of alcohol (ethanol or methanol) or remaining raw material (vegetable oil or animal fats) may be harmful to consumers, the environment or to engines. Traditional methods for biodiesel assessment are complex, time consuming and expensive, leading to the need for the development of new and more versatile processes for quality control. This work describes a refractometric fibre optic based sensor that is thermally assisted, developed to quantify the remaining methanol or vegetable oil in biodiesel blends. The sensing relies on a long period grating to configure an in-fibre interferometer. A complete analytical routine is demonstrated for the sensor allowing the evaluation of the biodiesel blends without segregation of the components. The results show the sensor can determine the presence of oil or methanol in biodiesel with a concentration ranging from 0% to 10% v/v. The sensor presented a resolution and standard combined uncertainty of 0.013% v/v and 0.62% v/v for biodiesel-oil samples, and 0.007% v/v and 0.22% v/v for biodiesel-methanol samples, respectively.

  15. Supporting Residential Student Organization Advisers: A 21st Century Adviser Training and Development Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shapiro, Cory Adam

    2012-01-01

    The purpose for this doctoral action research study was to discover if and how an updated training and development curriculum benefited residential student organization advisers at Arizona State University (ASU). Eleven advisers of residential student organizations completed a pilot training and development program and agreed to participate in a…

  16. The Application of Web-based Computer-assisted Instruction Courseware within Health Assessment

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Xiuyan, Guo

    Health assessment is a clinical nursing course and places emphasis on clinical skills. The application of computer-assisted instruction in the field of nursing teaching solved the problems in the traditional lecture class. This article stated teaching experience of web-based computer-assisted instruction, based upon a two-year study of computer-assisted instruction courseware use within the course health assessment. The computer-assisted instruction courseware could develop teaching structure, simulate clinical situations, create teaching situations and facilitate students study.

  17. Houston Baptist University Academic Advising Handbook: 1989-90.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ford, Jerry

    This 1989-90 edition of the Houston Baptist University (Texas) Academic Advising Handbook presents guidelines, resources, and university information pertinent to the advising function. Section 1 contains research data concerning academic advising as well as definitions of advising, and a discussion of rules and functions of academic advisors,…

  18. Theme: The Role of the Teacher in Advising Youth Groups.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Agricultural Education Magazine, 2003

    2003-01-01

    Nine theme articles on the role of the teacher in advising youth groups address the following: advising on the Web, positions taken by agriculture teachers regarding FFA and agricultural education, postsecondary associations, the challenges of advising, the benefits of advising, the future of agricultural education, and the experience of advising…

  19. 75 FR 41017 - Political Contributions by Certain Investment Advisers

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-14

    ...The Securities and Exchange Commission is adopting a new rule under the Investment Advisers Act of 1940 that prohibits an investment adviser from providing advisory services for compensation to a government client for two years after the adviser or certain of its executives or employees make a contribution to certain elected officials or candidates. The new rule also prohibits an adviser from......

  20. Adviser, Teacher, Role Model, Friend: On Being a Mentor to Students in Science and Engineering.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Academy of Sciences - National Research Council, Washington, DC. Mathematical Sciences Education Board.

    This guide is meant to assist mentors and advisors in understanding how they might help students identify and respond to the challenges of becoming scientists or engineers. The guide--intended for faculty members, teachers, administrators, and others who advise and mentor students of science and engineering--attempts to summarize features that are…

  1. 22 CFR 64.8 - Obligation of employee to advise agency.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    .... Any Federal employee receiving any offer of a grant or other assistance under a cultural exchange program approved by the Secretary of State shall advise the employee's agency of such offer and shall not accept such offer unless the employee's agency states that it has no objection to such acceptance. In...

  2. Are Students More Satisfied with Academic Advising when There Is Congruence between Current and Preferred Advising Styles?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hale, Margo D.; Graham, Donna L.; Johnson, Donald M.

    2009-01-01

    Undergraduate students (n = 429) were surveyed to determine the style of advising used by their current advisor, the students' preferred advising style, and their satisfaction with advising. A majority of students (79.8%) identified their current advisor as using a developmental advising style. Nearly all (95.5%) respondents preferred…

  3. Assessment of DoD Voting Assistance Programs for Calendar Year 2013

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-03-31

    responsibilities for the development and implementation of Installation Voter Assistance ( IVA ) offices in accordance with 10 U.S.C. § 1566a (2006). The...methodology to assess the Marine Corps VAP for compliance and effectiveness as well as to determine if Installation Voter Assistance ( IVA ) offices are...Observation 1 DODIG-2014-051 │ 17 Observation 1 Lack of an Established and Sustained Installation Voter Assistance Office An IVA office was not established

  4. Improving Advising Using Technology and Data Analytics

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Phillips, Elizabeth D.

    2013-01-01

    Traditionally, the collegiate advising system provides each student with a personal academic advisor who designs a pathway to the degree for that student in face-to-face meetings. Ideally, this is a supportive mentoring relationship. In truth, however, this system is highly inefficient, error prone, expensive, and a source of ubiquitous student…

  5. A Partnership to Enhance the Advising Process.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crockett, David S.; Silberhorn, Stance J.

    1982-01-01

    The American College Testing Program (ACT) makes available to institutions a variety of tools and training materials to enhance academic advising. These include a student profile/interest inventory/development test package, programed manual, training sessions and publications, and consulting services. (MSE)

  6. A Caring Attitude and Academic Advising.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ford, Jerry; Ford, Sheila Stoma

    1989-01-01

    A discussion of the value of a caring attitude in the advisor-advisee relationship is supported by a review of literature in the field. A list of 30 reminders for effective advising and an inventory for students to fill out concerning their perceptions of their advisor are appended. (MSE)

  7. International Student Perspectives on Graduate Advising Relationships

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rice, Kenneth G.; Choi, Chun-Chung; Zhang, Yanmei; Ye, Huan Jacqueline; Nesic, Aleksandra; Bigler, Monica; Anderson, Debra; Villegas, Jorge

    2009-01-01

    International graduate students experience a number of unique challenges as they transition through their training programs. Surprisingly, relatively little research has been conducted on perhaps one of the most crucial predictors of international students' retention and success within their graduate programs: the advising relationship. Using a…

  8. A Human Capital Approach to Career Advising

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shaffer, Leigh S.; Zalewski, Jacqueline M.

    2011-01-01

    We began this series by addressing the challenges of career advising in a volatile, uncertain, complex, and ambiguous environment. In this article, we define human capital and suggest that advisors encourage students to utilize the principle of maximizing human capital when making decisions. We describe the personal traits and attitudes needed to…

  9. Academic Advising as Perceived by Business Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hsu, Margaretha; Bailey, April E.

    2007-01-01

    Business students' perceptions concerning several academic advising resources are presented. Using a Likert scale, students evaluated resources such as their academic advisor, course instructors, staffs, friends, and parents as well as the university catalog and the Foundations of Business Administration (FBA) course. Selected demographic…

  10. Case study: a midclerkship crisis-lessons learned from advising a medical student with career indecision.

    PubMed

    Levine, Rachel B; Cayea, Danelle; Shochet, Robert B; Wright, Scott M

    2010-04-01

    Advising medical students is a challenging task. Faculty who serve as advisors for students require specific skills and knowledge to do their jobs effectively. Career choice is one of the many complex issues about which medical students often seek assistance from a faculty advisor. The authors present a case of a third-year medical student with career indecision, with a focus on the various factors that may be influencing her thinking about career choice. Key advising principles are provided as a framework for the discussion of the case and include reflection, self-disclosure, active listening, support and advocacy, confidentiality, and problem solving. These principles were developed as part of the Advising Case Conference series of the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine Colleges Advisory Program. Emergent themes from the case included a student's evolving professional identity, a student's distress and burnout, lifestyle considerations, and advisor bias and self-awareness. The authors propose reflective questions to enhance meaningful discussions between the advisor and student and assist in problem solving. Many of these questions, together with the key advising principles, are generalizable to a variety of advising scenarios between advisors and learners at all levels of training.

  11. Assessing the impact of cognitive impairment on the usability of an electronic medication delivery unit in an assisted living population

    PubMed Central

    Ligons, Frank M.; Mello-Thoms, Claudia; Handler, Steven M.; Romagnoli, Katrina M.; Hochheiser, Harry

    2014-01-01

    Purpose To examine the relationship between cognitive status and the usability of an integrated medication delivery unit (MDU) in older adults who reside in an Assisted Living Facility (ALF). Methods Subjects were recruited from a single ALF in Pittsburgh, PA. Usability testing sessions required subjects to execute tasks essential to using EMMA® (Electronic Medication Management Assistant), a Class II Federal Drug Administration (FDA) approved integrated MDU. Video coding allowed for quantification of usability errors observed during the testing sessions. Each subject's cognitive status was assessed using the Mini Mental State Exam (MMSE®) with scores <24 indicating cognitive impairment. Functional status was assessed using the Lawton Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL) questionnaire, and a global assessment of subjective usability was assessed by completing the System Usability Scale (SUS). Non-parametric statistics and correlation analysis were used to determine whether significant differences existed between cognitively impaired and non-impaired subjects. Results Nineteen subjects were recruited and completed the protocol. The subject pool was primarily white, female, 80+ and in possession of above average education. There was a significant relationship between MMSE® scores and the percentage of task success (z = −2.03, p = 0.04). Subjects with MMSE® scores of 24+ (no cognitive impairment) successfully completed an average of 69.0% of tasks vs. the 34.7% performance for those in the cognitively impaired group (<24). Six of the unimpaired group also succeeded at meeting the 85% (6 out of 7 correct) threshold, while none of the impaired group was able to. No subject with cognitive impairments (<24 MMSE®) completed more than 5/7 (71.4%) of their tasks. Two of the impaired subjects failed all of the tasks. Three of the MMSE®'s subsections (Date, Location and Spell ‘world’ backwards) were found to be significantly related (p < 0.05) to the

  12. Assessment of Requests for Assisted Suicide by a Swiss Right-to-Die Society

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bosshard, Georg; Ulrich, Esther; Ziegler, Stephen J.; Bar, Walter

    2008-01-01

    Non-physician volunteers of Exit, the largest right-to-die organization in Switzerland, play an important role in assisted suicide. They conduct assessments and deliver lethal medications for a member to self-administer. This study analyses the content of 114 intake sheets (checklists) of Exit members whose requests for assisted suicide were…

  13. Assistive Technology Approaches for Large-Scale Assessment: Perceptions of Teachers of Students with Visual Impairments

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnstone, Christopher; Thurlow, Martha; Altman, Jason; Timmons, Joe; Kato, Kentaro

    2009-01-01

    Assistive technology approaches to aid students with visual impairments are becoming commonplace in schools. These approaches, however, present challenges for assessment because students' level of access to different technologies may vary by school district and state. To better understand what assistive technology tools are used in reading…

  14. Reliability Assessment of Reconfigurable Flight Control Systems Using Sure and Assist

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wu, N. Eva

    1992-01-01

    This paper presents a reliability assessment of Reconfigurable Flight Control Systems using Semi-Markov Unreliability Range Evaluator (SURE) and Abstract Semi-Markov Specification Interface to the SURE Tool (ASSIST).

  15. Rates of Missing Responses in Personal Digital Assistant (PDA) versus Paper Assessments

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Palen, Lori-Ann; Graham, John W.; Smith, Edward A.; Caldwell, Linda L.; Mathews, Catherine; Flisher, Alan J.

    2008-01-01

    This article describes rates of missing item responses in personal digital assistant (PDA) assessments as compared to paper assessments. Data come from the evaluation of a classroom-based leisure, life skills, and sexuality education program delivered to high school students in Cape Town, South Africa. Analyses show that the paper assessments had…

  16. Assessment Models and Software Support for Assistive Technology Teams.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haines, Len; Sanche, Bob

    2000-01-01

    This article reviews requirements for considering the need for assistive technology (AT) services within the Individualized Education Program process and highlights the importance of collaborative teamwork. Current AT models are described, along with the AT Co-Planner. The use of a software version of the model is discussed. (Contains references.)…

  17. USING SPARROW MODEL RESULTS TO ASSIST WITH COASTAL WATER ASSESSMENT

    EPA Science Inventory

    The National Coastal Assessment (NCA) has proposed a national strategy for research and monitoring in support of coastal water assessment that involves three tiers: Problem Characterization (Tier 1), involving probabilistic surveys to document broad-scale response properties; D...

  18. A framework for assessing learning assistants' reflective writing assignments

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cochran, Geraldine L.; Brookes, David T.; Kramer, Laird H.

    2013-01-01

    At Florida International University we have implemented a learning assistant (LA) program based on the Colorado Learning Assistant Model. [1] As a part of this program, students take a course on science and mathematics education theory and practice in which they are required to submit written reflections. Past anecdotal evidence suggests that students in the LAP at Florida International University are using these writing assignments to reflect on their teaching experiences. The purpose of this study was to a) determine if the writing assignments submitted give evidence that our students are engaging in reflection and b) determine if our students are engaging in deep levels of reflection. In this investigation, we relied on a rubric based on Hatton and Smith's (1995) [2] "Criteria for the Recognition of Evidence for Different Types of Reflective Writing." In this paper, we document a) a system for characterizing student reflections and b) how we give them feedback.

  19. How Should the Senator be Advised?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Trapani, Josh

    2006-07-01

    A primary job for Congressional staff membersis to advise their bosses-senators orrepresentatives-on issues before the U.S.Congress. As AGU's Congressional Fellow anda Senate legislative staff member, I try to providethe best possible advice to my boss,Sen. Dianne Feinstein (D-Calif.). My strugglesin this regard have taught me a lot about thethorny issues involved in the interplay of scienceand policy.

  20. Assessing Hydrogen Assisted Cracking Modes in High Strength Steel Welds

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1988-12-01

    posed theoretical hydrogen assisted cracking mechanisms. It was found that the microplasticity theory of Beachem can best describe how the stress ...steel and determined the stress corrosion cracking toughness, Kscc. Herman and Campbell found that the fracture toughness of this material was 16 MPa...embrittlement Welding Cracking (fracturing) Implant tests Stress intensity ("T, ) ’ 20. ABSTRACT (Continue on reverse side if necessary end identify by

  1. Presidential Science Advising from Roosevelt to Reagan

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Herken, Gregg

    2004-05-01

    The relationship between American presidents and science has always been surprisingly idiosyncratic. Chief executives from Franklin Roosevelt to Ronald Reagan have adopted very different approaches to dealing with the scientific community. The early history of presidential science advising is the story of a few energetic individuals who sought to influence government policy when there was no established method for scientists to approach the White House. President Eisenhower created such a channel in 1957 with the President's Science Advisory Committee [PSAC]. Under Ike, advising the president became for the first time a systematic and formal enterprise for scientists. But the decades after Sputnik witnesses a steady waning of the importance of the president's scientists. This decline was accelerated by the Vietnam war and controversies over anti-ballistic missile defense and the supersonic transport, culminating in the abolition of PSAC by the Nixon administration in 1973. To some observers, science advising reached its nadir a decade later, with President Reagan's announcement of the Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI). The advent of "Star Wars" demonstrated the influence of a small, select group of politically-active scientists: a consultative process reminscient of the ad hoc situation pre-PSAC.

  2. New mobile methods for dietary assessment: review of image-assisted and image-based dietary assessment methods.

    PubMed

    Boushey, C J; Spoden, M; Zhu, F M; Delp, E J; Kerr, D A

    2016-12-12

    For nutrition practitioners and researchers, assessing dietary intake of children and adults with a high level of accuracy continues to be a challenge. Developments in mobile technologies have created a role for images in the assessment of dietary intake. The objective of this review was to examine peer-reviewed published papers covering development, evaluation and/or validation of image-assisted or image-based dietary assessment methods from December 2013 to January 2016. Images taken with handheld devices or wearable cameras have been used to assist traditional dietary assessment methods for portion size estimations made by dietitians (image-assisted methods). Image-assisted approaches can supplement either dietary records or 24-h dietary recalls. In recent years, image-based approaches integrating application technology for mobile devices have been developed (image-based methods). Image-based approaches aim at capturing all eating occasions by images as the primary record of dietary intake, and therefore follow the methodology of food records. The present paper reviews several image-assisted and image-based methods, their benefits and challenges; followed by details on an image-based mobile food record. Mobile technology offers a wide range of feasible options for dietary assessment, which are easier to incorporate into daily routines. The presented studies illustrate that image-assisted methods can improve the accuracy of conventional dietary assessment methods by adding eating occasion detail via pictures captured by an individual (dynamic images). All of the studies reduced underreporting with the help of images compared with results with traditional assessment methods. Studies with larger sample sizes are needed to better delineate attributes with regards to age of user, degree of error and cost.

  3. How to Work Effectively with a Donor's Adviser.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thaler, Roger

    1979-01-01

    When a potential donor considers a major gift to a college or university, it is natural to turn first to a lawyer, accountant, or other adviser. This adviser becomes a key person, and the development officer's relationship to that adviser is important. The role of the development officer is discussed. (MLW)

  4. College Student Perceptions and Ideals of Advising: An Exploratory Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Christian, Tiffany Y.; Sprinkle, Julie E.

    2013-01-01

    Student advising has been a staple of the college experience for decades. However, the importance of advising differs greatly through the lens of the observer. Students may feel that advising is a "waste of time" or that they already know what they need to take to meet degree requirements. Conversely, other students may want the added…

  5. FaculTea: Professional Development for Learning Centered Academic Advising

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Voller, Julie Givans

    2013-01-01

    The theory of learning centered academic advising states that the purpose of advising is to teach undergraduate students about the logic and purpose of their education. Previous scholarship on learning centered advising has focused on the theoretical or on implementation by faculty at small colleges and universities. Methods for supporting…

  6. 20 CFR 702.503 - Vocational rehabilitation; action by adviser.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Vocational rehabilitation; action by adviser... Vocational Rehabilitation § 702.503 Vocational rehabilitation; action by adviser. The vocational rehabilitation adviser, upon receipt of the referral, shall promptly consider the feasibility of a...

  7. The Professionalization of Academic Advising: Where Are We in 2010?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shaffer, Leigh S.; Zalewski, Jacqueline M.; Leveille, John

    2010-01-01

    In the last year, three respected leaders in academic advising, Wes Habley, Terry Kuhn, and Gary Padak, published articles suggesting that academic advising has not met the standards of scholarship to be considered a field of inquiry, an academic discipline, or a profession. In this article, we examine academic advising history from the…

  8. Resources to Inform Technical Assistance on Formative Assessment. CEELO FastFacts

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Connors-Tadros, L.; Schilder, D.

    2013-01-01

    In this "FastFacts," a state requested recommendations about research and practical resources to inform technical assistance conducted with state education staff on formative assessment. The Center on Enhancing Early Learning Outcomes (CEELO) responds by describing what is currently known on this topic. Formative assessment is one key…

  9. 77 FR 74862 - OneCPD Technical Assistance and Capacity Building Needs Assessment

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-18

    ... URBAN DEVELOPMENT OneCPD Technical Assistance and Capacity Building Needs Assessment AGENCY: Office of... proposal. The OneCPD Needs Assessment will enhance a grantee's awareness of their functional capacity to... operate and manage programs administered by the Office of Community Planning and Development (CPD)....

  10. Real-Time Surface Traffic Adviser

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Glass, Brian J. (Inventor); Spirkovska, Liljana (Inventor); McDermott, William J. (Inventor); Reisman, Ronald J. (Inventor); Gibson, James (Inventor); Iverson, David L. (Inventor)

    2001-01-01

    A real-time data management system which uses data generated at different rates by multiple heterogeneous incompatible data sources are presented. In one embodiment, the invention is as an airport surface traffic data management system (traffic adviser) that electronically interconnects air traffic control, airline, and airport operations user communities to facilitate information sharing and improve taxi queuing. The system uses an expert system to fuse dam from a variety of airline, airport operations, ramp control, and air traffic control sources, in order to establish, predict, and update reference data values for every aircraft surface operation.

  11. Efficacy of Advising Outreach on Student Retention, Academic Progress and Achievement, and Frequency of Advising Contacts: A Longitudinal Randomized Trial

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schwebel, David C.; Walburn, Nancy C.; Klyce, Katherine; Jerrolds, Kevin L.

    2012-01-01

    Previous research on advising outreach, including intrusive or proactive advising, suggests required advising improves contact frequency, student retention, and academic achievement, especially for students on probation. We show results of a 4-year randomized trial of 501 students at an urban state university. One half the cohort received advising…

  12. Understanding recruitment and retention in the NHS community pharmacy stop smoking service: perceptions of smoking cessation advisers

    PubMed Central

    Sohanpal, Ratna; Rivas, Carol; Steed, Liz; MacNeill, Virginia; Kuan, Valerie; Edwards, Elizabeth; Griffiths, Chris; Eldridge, Sandra; Taylor, Stephanie; Walton, Robert

    2016-01-01

    Objectives To understand views of pharmacy advisers about smoker recruitment and retention in the National Health Service community pharmacy stop smoking programme. Design Thematic framework analysis of semistructured, in-depth interviews applying the Theoretical Domains Framework and COM-B behaviour change model. We aimed to identify aspects of adviser behaviour that might be modified to increase numbers joining and completing the programme. Participants 25 stop smoking advisers (13 pharmacists and 12 support staff). Setting 29 community pharmacies in 3 inner east London boroughs. Results Advisers had preconceived ideas about smokers likely to join or drop out and made judgements about smokers' readiness to quit. Actively recruiting smokers was accorded low priority due in part to perceived insufficient remuneration to the pharmacy and anticipated challenging interactions with smokers. Suggestions to improve smoker recruitment and retention included developing a more holistic and supportive approach using patient-centred communication. Training counter assistants were seen to be important as was flexibility to extend the programme duration to fit better with smokers’ needs. Conclusions Cessation advisers feel they lack the interpersonal skills necessary to engage well with smokers and help them to quit. Addressing advisers' behaviours about active engagement and follow-up of clients, together with regular skills training including staff not formally trained as cessation advisers, could potentially boost numbers recruited and retained in the stop smoking programme. Adjustments to the pharmacy remuneration structure to incentivise recruitment and to allow personalisation of the programme for individual smokers should also be considered. PMID:27388355

  13. Using Computer-Assisted Assessment Heuristics for Usability Evaluations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sim, Gavin; Read, Janet C.

    2016-01-01

    Teaching practices within educational institutions have evolved through the increased adoption of technology to deliver the curriculum and the use of computers for assessment purposes. For educational technologists, there is a vast array of commercial computer applications available for the delivery of objective tests, and in some instances,…

  14. "Learning to Assess" and "Assessing to Learn": The Construction of Knowledge about Assistive Technology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Folkes, Clare; Carmichael, Patrick

    2006-01-01

    A key role in the development and deployment of Assistive Technology solutions is that of the "assessor-consultant". Assessor-consultants for the UK-based charity Abilitynet work with clients to develop customized computer-based assistive technology systems and draw on a range of shared knowledge from the assessor-consultant community.…

  15. A Systematic Review on Existing Measures for the Subjective Assessment of Rehabilitation and Assistive Robot Devices

    PubMed Central

    Koumpouros, Yiannis

    2016-01-01

    The objective of the current study is to identify and classify outcome measures currently used for the assessment of rehabilitation or assistive robot devices. We conducted a systematic review of the literature using PubMed, MEDLINE, CIRRIE, and Scopus databases for studies that assessed rehabilitation or assistive robot devices from 1980 through January 2016. In all, 31 articles met all inclusion criteria. Tailor-made questionnaires were the most commonly used tool at 66.7%, while the great majority (93.9%) of the studies used nonvalidated instruments. The study reveals the absence of a standard scale which makes it difficult to compare the results from different researchers. There is a great need, therefore, for a valid and reliable instrument to be available for use by the intended end users for the subjective assessment of robot devices. The study concludes by identifying two scales that have been validated in general assistive technology devices and could support the scope of subjective assessment in rehabilitation or assistive robots (however, with limited coverage) and a new one called PYTHEIA, recently published. The latter intends to close the gap and help researchers and developers to evaluate, assess, and produce products that satisfy the real needs of the end users. PMID:27196802

  16. A Systematic Review on Existing Measures for the Subjective Assessment of Rehabilitation and Assistive Robot Devices.

    PubMed

    Koumpouros, Yiannis

    2016-01-01

    The objective of the current study is to identify and classify outcome measures currently used for the assessment of rehabilitation or assistive robot devices. We conducted a systematic review of the literature using PubMed, MEDLINE, CIRRIE, and Scopus databases for studies that assessed rehabilitation or assistive robot devices from 1980 through January 2016. In all, 31 articles met all inclusion criteria. Tailor-made questionnaires were the most commonly used tool at 66.7%, while the great majority (93.9%) of the studies used nonvalidated instruments. The study reveals the absence of a standard scale which makes it difficult to compare the results from different researchers. There is a great need, therefore, for a valid and reliable instrument to be available for use by the intended end users for the subjective assessment of robot devices. The study concludes by identifying two scales that have been validated in general assistive technology devices and could support the scope of subjective assessment in rehabilitation or assistive robots (however, with limited coverage) and a new one called PYTHEIA, recently published. The latter intends to close the gap and help researchers and developers to evaluate, assess, and produce products that satisfy the real needs of the end users.

  17. Advising Indigenous Forces: American Advisors in Korea, Vietnam, and El Salvador

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-01-01

    Advising Indigenous Forces: American Advisors in Korea, Vietnam, and El Salvador Robert D. Ramsey III Global War on Terrorism Occasional Paper 18...Korea, Vietnam, and El Salvador / by Robert D. Ramsey III. p. cm. -- ( Global war on terrorism occasional paper 18) 1. Military assistance...history you don’t know. This Global War on Terrorism (GWOT) Occasional Paper (OP) is a timely reminder for the US Army about the history we do not know

  18. [Volume replenishment in haemorrhage: caution advised].

    PubMed

    Kooter, Albertus J; Zweegman, Sonja; Smulders, Yvo M

    2011-01-01

    Acute haemorrhage is a frequent problem in medicine. Patients with acute bleeding may present with signs of hypotension and reduced organ perfusion. The physician's reflex action is often to treat such patients with intravenous volume replenishment using colloid or cristalloid liquids. Intravenous volume replenishment has, however, a downside: it increases the tendency to bleed and therefore can increase blood loss. Previous clinical observations and experimental animal and human studies addressing volume replenishment in haemorrhagic shock have repeatedly shown that accepting hypotension favourably affects prognosis. However, relevant practice guidelines, such as for gastrointestinal bleeding, usually advise liberal intravenous volume replenishment if hypotension is present. In this article we advocate caution when considering intravenous blood volume adjustment in haemorrhage.

  19. Status report on assessment of environmentally assisted fatigue for LWR extended service conditions

    SciTech Connect

    Mohanty, S.; Soppet, W. K.; Majumdar, S.; Natesan, K.

    2014-07-09

    This report provides an update on an earlier assessment of environmentally assisted fatigue for light water reactor (LWR) materials under extended service conditions. This report is a deliverable in September 2013, under the work package for environmentally assisted fatigue in the Light Water Reactor Sustainability (LWRS) program. The overall objective of this LWRS project is to assess the degradation by environmentally assisted cracking/fatigue of LWR materials, such as various alloy base metals and their welds used in reactor coolant system piping. This effort is to support the U.S. Department of Energy LWRS program for developing tools to predict the aging/failure mechanism and to correspondingly predict the remaining life of LWR components for anticipated 60-80 year operation.

  20. Simulation Assisted Risk Assessment Applied to Launch Vehicle Conceptual Design

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Mathias, Donovan L.; Go, Susie; Gee, Ken; Lawrence, Scott

    2008-01-01

    A simulation-based risk assessment approach is presented and is applied to the analysis of abort during the ascent phase of a space exploration mission. The approach utilizes groupings of launch vehicle failures, referred to as failure bins, which are mapped to corresponding failure environments. Physical models are used to characterize the failure environments in terms of the risk due to blast overpressure, resulting debris field, and the thermal radiation due to a fireball. The resulting risk to the crew is dynamically modeled by combining the likelihood of each failure, the severity of the failure environments as a function of initiator and time of the failure, the robustness of the crew module, and the warning time available due to early detection. The approach is shown to support the launch vehicle design process by characterizing the risk drivers and identifying regions where failure detection would significantly reduce the risk to the crew.

  1. Concept Mapping Assessment of Media Assisted Learning in Interdisciplinary Science Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schaal, Steffen; Bogner, Franz X.; Girwidz, Raimund

    2010-01-01

    Acquisition of conceptual knowledge is a central aim in science education. In this study we monitored an interdisciplinary hypermedia assisted learning unit on hibernation and thermodynamics based on cooperative learning. We used concept mapping for the assessment, applying a pre-test/post-test design. In our study, 106 9th graders cooperated by…

  2. The Assessment of Meta-Cognition in Different Contexts: Individualized vs. Peer Assisted Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shamir, Adina; Mevarech, Zemira R.; Gida, Carmit

    2009-01-01

    This study investigated the effectiveness of assessing young children's meta-cognition in different contexts (i.e., individual learning (IL), peer assisted learning (PAL) and self-reports). Additionally, the contributions of declarative and procedural meta-cognition in IL and PAL, TOM and language ability on children's cognitive performance…

  3. Rural Economics: Farmers in Transition. Preliminary Assessment of Dislocated Farmer Assistance Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heimlich, Joe E.; Van Tilburg, Emmalou

    Rural Economics: Farmers in Transition (RE:FIT), the Dislocated Farmer Assistance Program in Ohio, was designed to help farm families assess their skills and interests in nonfarm employment. The processes used by agents in counseling families were evaluated. The program was designed by personnel of the Ohio Cooperative Extension Service (OCES) to…

  4. Learning to Balance Assistance with Assessment: A Scholarship of Field Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Basmadjian, Kevin G.

    2011-01-01

    In this self-study, the author focuses on ways of embracing and managing a central dilemma of student teaching supervision: balancing assistance with assessment. Drawing on his practice as a field supervisor, the author chronicles conversations with student teachers over a 2-year period in the context of two distinct teacher education programs.…

  5. An Online Assistant for Remote, Distributed Critiquing of Electronically Submitted Assessment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baillie-de Byl, Penny

    2004-01-01

    This paper outlines the architecture for an online assessment management system implemented at the University of Southern Queensland. The system assists teams of academics in the management and marking of electronically submitted student assignments in large-scale classes. The system designed to provide a flexible yet structured method for…

  6. A Third-Party Evaluation to Assess the Impact of the Quality Assistance Plan. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCormick, Fred C.; McCormick, Eileen R.

    In 1984, the State Board of Education, Department of Adult, Vocational, and Technical Education (DAVTE), contracted with an outside evaluator to assess the impact of the Illinois Quality Assistance Plan (QAP). (The QAP is a state-funded program for locally initiated, developed, implemented, and evaluated projects that was begun in Fiscal Year…

  7. 76 FR 63628 - Preliminary Damage Assessment for Individual Assistance Operations Manual (9327.2-PR)

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-13

    ... Assistance Act, as amended (42 U.S.C. 5170 and 5191). The PDA information, along with the Governor's request...) Preliminary Damage Assessments (PDAs) nationwide in response to an impacted State's request. The primary... support. If the Governor determines that the State does not have adequate resources to respond and...

  8. Training Interpreter Paraprofessionals to Assist in the Language Assessment of English Language Learners in Utah.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yoakum, Susie; Manuel-Dupont, Sonia

    1997-01-01

    Describes development of an interpreter paraprofessional (IP) program by Utah State University and Granite (Utah) school district in response to the unavailability of certified interpreters to assist in special education assessment of students who are English Language Learners. Stresses the importance of providing IPs with job-relevant training,…

  9. Assessing Nutrition Knowledge and Dietary Habits of Adolescents Using Personal Data Assistants

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Murimi, Mary W.; Guthrie, Joanne; Landry, Danielle; Paun, Mihaela M.

    2008-01-01

    Objective: To assess nutrition knowledge and dietary behaviors of seventh graders in nine randomly selected middle schools in Louisiana. Methods: This descriptive study used personal data assistants (PDAs) to administer a pre-validated questionnaire developed from national instruments to 127 seventh grade students from nine randomly-selected…

  10. Needs Assessment Studies of Certified Nurse Assistants and Administrators. Volume XXII, No. 7.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fair, Lillian; And Others

    As part of an educational needs assessment, a survey was conducted by William Rainey Harper College (WRHC) in Palatine, Illinois, of Certified Nursing Assistants (CNA) and of administrators at institutions known to employ CNA's. Survey instruments were mailed to two groups. The first group, 153 administrators at institutions employing CNA's, were…

  11. A method of assessing reasons for conversion during video-assisted thoracoscopic lobectomy.

    PubMed

    Gazala, Sayf; Hunt, Ian; Valji, Azim; Stewart, Kenneth; Bédard, Ericl R

    2011-06-01

    Conversion rates during video-assisted thoracoscopic lobectomy are reported, but no previous publications have classified the cause of conversion. The aim of the study was to develop a quality assessment tool [vascular, anatomy, lymph node, technical (VALT) 'Open'] to evaluate reasons and nature of conversion during the development of a video-assisted thoracoscopic lobectomy program. Between 2006 and 2008, 237 patients with a median age of 65 years underwent video-assisted thoracoscopic lobectomy primarily for lung. The number of video-assisted thoracoscopic lobectomy cases over open cases has increased over the period. Conversion rate has dropped from 15% (2006) to 11% (2008). A total of 32 cases required conversion. The VALT 'Open' classification for reason to convert and nature of conversion was used. The average length of stay was shorter for non-converted cases. No uncontrolled conversions where the patient was unstable were required, and in the 14 cases converted following some difficulty, such as pulmonary artery injury. A pattern to the learning curve became predictable. The quality assessment tool used (VALT 'Open') will allow cause of conversion and nature of conversion to be tracked and audited during the development of a video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery lobectomy program.

  12. The Role of Advising in Non-Returning Students' Perceptions of Their University.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peterson, Mark; Wagner, Judy A.; Lamb, Charles W.

    2001-01-01

    Assessed perceptions of college students who chose not to return to school in the spring semester. They rated 13 key attributes related to campus-support activities and the core benefits of attending the institution. Found that advising played an important role in non-returning students' perceptions of benefits offered by the university. (EV)

  13. Deviant Adolescent Subcultures: Assessment Strategies and Clinical Interventions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clark, Cynthia M.

    1992-01-01

    Presents assessment strategies, preventive methods, and clinical interventions to assist clinicians working with teenagers involved with deviant subcultures: Satanism, the neo-Nazi skinhead movement, and violent street gangs. Considers role of alienation as contributing factor in adolescents' participation in these subcultures. Advises therapists…

  14. Understanding the Advising Learning Process Using Learning Taxonomies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Muehleck, Jeanette K.; Smith, Cathleen L.; Allen, Janine M.

    2014-01-01

    To better understand the learning that transpires in advising, we used Anderson et al.'s (2001) revision of Bloom's (1956) taxonomy and Krathwohl, Bloom, and Masia's (1964) affective taxonomy to analyze eight student-reported advising outcomes from Smith and Allen (2014). Using the cognitive processes and knowledge domains of Anderson et al.'s…

  15. Closing the Gap: Merging Student Affairs, Advising and Registration

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goomas, David T.

    2012-01-01

    In a pilot study at El Centro College, an urban college in the Dallas County Community College District, students in a new-to-college educational framework class were offered an intervention intended to enhance the academic advising process. The intervention consisted of in-class career services advising, degree selection, degree planning, course…

  16. An Examination of Academic Advising Style Preference in Undergraduate Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yarbrough, Elizabeth Kendrick

    2010-01-01

    As universities put increasing pressure on student retention and success, academic advising has become an increasingly visible and important part of the university. One of the first examinations of advising contrasted two major styles: prescriptive and developmental (Crookston, 1972). Prescriptive styles are based on the expertise of the advisor.…

  17. Engaging Students in Advising and General Education Requirements

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Most, Rachel; Wellmon, Chad

    2015-01-01

    The focus of this essay is to examine how general education requirements and advising are connected in the College of Arts and Sciences at the University of Virginia. To do this, we begin with a brief description and history of general education requirements. We move next to a description of the advising system and general education requirements…

  18. A Customer Service Approach to Advising: Theory and Application.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spicuzza, Frank J.

    1992-01-01

    The customer service marketing model provides an organizing strategy for advising in higher education. The university contributes resources for an advising process that addresses needs and expectations of students as customers and faculty as providers. This model is evident in a recent survey of 58 bachelor's degree recipients in social work. (MSE)

  19. 77 FR 28476 - Political Contributions by Certain Investment Advisers

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-15

    ... investment adviser would meet the definition of ``covered associate.'' \\4\\ \\1\\ Political Contributions by... COMMISSION 17 CFR Part 275 Political Contributions by Certain Investment Advisers AGENCY: Securities and... Commission (``Commission'') is making a technical amendment to the definition of ``covered associate''...

  20. Improving Academic Advising Using Quality Function Deployment: A Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walters, Lisa M.; Seyedian, Mojtaba

    2016-01-01

    Almost half of full-time, first-time undergraduate students fail to finish their course of study within four years. To increase retention and graduation rates, a greater emphasis on academic advising is in order. The positive influence of an effective advising program on student success is well documented in the literature; however, there has not…

  1. Reaching Goals Together: Barton County Community College Advisement Handbook, 1993.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kinningham, Russ; And Others

    This handbook provides information on procedures related to advising and general administrative functions at Barton County Community College (BCCC) in Kansas, in seven parts. Part I describes the philosophy, goals, and objectives guiding academic advising at BCCC and outlines student responsibilities and confidentiality concerns. Part II details…

  2. Academic Advising Handbook, 1994-95: Houston Baptist University.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ford, Jerry

    This handbook is a revised guide for faculty academic advisors at Houston Baptist University (HBU), a liberal arts university in Houston, Texas. The handbook is divided into three sections. The first section, "Academic Advising Research Data," discusses assumptions about the practice of advising and its role in higher education, various…

  3. What Do Students Want in Advising? A Policy Capturing Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mottarella, Karen E.; Fritzsche, Barbara A.; Cerabino, Kara C.

    2004-01-01

    A policy capturing approach was used to examine the advising variables that contribute to student satisfaction. Students (N = 468) rated 48 scenarios in which advising approach, relationship, advisor gender, emotional nature of the relationship, and type of advisor were manipulated. Results show that being known to the advisor, having a…

  4. An Applied Introduction to Qualitative Research Methods in Academic Advising

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hurt, Robert L.; McLaughlin, Eric J.

    2012-01-01

    Academic advising research aids faculty members and advisors in detecting, explaining, and addressing macro-level trends beyond their local campus. It also helps legitimize the professional nature of academic advising, moving it beyond mere prescriptive models that focus on rules and course selection. Due to the erroneous belief that skills in…

  5. Faculty Perceptions of Academic Advising: Importance, Responsibility, and Competence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson-Garcia, Michelle

    2010-01-01

    Little research has been done on faculty attitudes on their advising experience. The current study examined the attitudes of instructional faculty towards their role, responsibility, and competence levels regarding faculty advising in a small, urban university in the southeast United States. The purpose of this research was to investigate and…

  6. Student and Advisor Attitudes toward Academic Advisement.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wood, Jane H.; Wood, Peter H.

    Three separate but similar questionnaires were mailed to faculty advisors, to secondary education majors, and to nonsecondary education majors in the College of Education and Allied Professions at Bowling Green State University. The majority of each group identified assistance with courses and scheduling at the advisors' most important function.…

  7. 77 FR 10358 - Investment Adviser Performance Compensation

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-22

    ... Board, Monetary Policy Report to the Congress (Feb. 17, 2000) at n.1 (available at http://www..., or C. Hunter Jones, Assistant Director, at 202-551-6792, Office of Regulatory Policy, Division of... worth on public policy grounds because the exclusion would discourage home ownership. See, e.g.,...

  8. Robot-assisted humanized passive rehabilitation training based on online assessment and regulation.

    PubMed

    Pan, Lizheng; Song, Aiguo; Duan, Suolin; Xu, Baoguo

    2015-01-01

    Robot-assisted rehabilitation has been developed and proved effective for motion function recovery. Humanization is one of the crucial issues in the designing of robot-based rehabilitation system. However, most of the previous investigations focus on the simplex position control when comes to the control system design of robot-assisted passive training, and pay little attention to the dynamic adjustment according to the patient's performances. This paper presents a novel method to design the passive training system using a developed assessing-and-regulating section to online assess the subject's performances. The motion regulating mechanism is designed to dynamically adjust the training range and motion speed according to the actual performances, which is helpful to improve the humanization of the rehabilitation training. Moreover, position-based impedance control is adopted to achieve compliant trajectory tracking movement. Experimental results demonstrate that the proposed method presents good performances not only in motion control but also in humanization.

  9. Sequestration: Documenting and Assessing Lessons Learned Would Assist DOD in Planning for Future Budget Uncertainty

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-05-01

    Future Budget Uncertainty 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR( S ) 5d. PROJECT NUMBER 5e. TASK NUMBER 5f. WORK...SEQUESTRATION Documenting and Assessing Lessons Learned Would Assist DOD in Planning for Future Budget Uncertainty...UNIT NUMBER 7. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME( S ) AND ADDRESS(ES) U.S. Government Accountability Office,441 G Street NW,Washington,DC,20548 8

  10. Development of an orthosis for walking assistance using pneumatic artificial muscle: a quantitative assessment of the effect of assistance.

    PubMed

    Kawamura, T; Takanaka, K; Nakamura, T; Osumi, H

    2013-06-01

    In recent years, there is an increase in the number of people that require support during walking as a result of a decrease in the leg muscle strength accompanying aging. An important index for evaluating walking ability is step length. A key cause for a decrease in step length is the loss of muscle strength in the legs. Many researchers have designed and developed orthoses for walking assistance. In this study, we advanced the design of an orthosis for walking assistance that assists the forward swing of the leg to increase step length. We employed a pneumatic artificial muscle as the actuator so that flexible assistance with low rigidity can be achieved. To evaluate the performance of the system, we measured the effect of assistance quantitatively. In this study, we constructed a prototype of the orthosis and measure EMG and step length on fitting it to a healthy subject so as to determine the effect of assistance, noting the increase in the obtained step length. Although there was an increase in EMG stemming from the need to maintain body balance during the stance phase, we observed that the EMG of the sartorius muscle, which helps swing the leg forward, decreased, and the strength of the semitendinosus muscle, which restrains the leg against over-assistance, did not increase but decreased. Our experiments showed that the assistance force provided by the developed orthosis is not adequate for the intended task, and the development of a mechanism that provides appropriate assistance is required in the future.

  11. Assessment. Proceedings of the Computer Assisted Learning and Instruction Consortium (CALICO) Annual Symposium (Williamsburg, Virginia, March 8-13, 1993).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Borchardt, Frank L., Ed.; Johnson, Eleanor M. T., Ed.

    This conference proceedings presents abstracts, complete papers, and author biographies for the 1993 Computer Assisted Language Instruction Consortium (CALICO) annual symposium on assessment in computer-assisted language learning (CALL); specifically a self-examination of the computer in language instruction, including a special presentation on…

  12. Improving Student Performance in a First-Year Geography Course: Examining the Importance of Computer-Assisted Formative Assessment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilson, Kathi; Boyd, Cleo; Chen, Liwen; Jamal, Sarosh

    2011-01-01

    The main objective of this paper is to examine the effectiveness of computer-assisted formative assessment in a large, first-year undergraduate geography course. In particular, the paper evaluates the impact of computer-assisted multiple-choice practice tests on student performance in the course as well as student opinions of this type of…

  13. Organization of Academic Advising in Ohio's Two-Year Public Colleges

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walker, Verne W.

    2012-01-01

    Academic advising administrators, academic advising professional organization leaders, and academic advising scholars have not had access to information about how academic advising is organized in their states. The purposes of this study were (a) to describe the organization of academic advising in Ohio's two-year public colleges; (b) to explore…

  14. Effects of a test taking strategy on postsecondary computer assisted chemistry assessments

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Manco, Sharon Ann

    Metacognitive test taking strategies have proven advantageous in improving content-based test scores in a wide variety of disciplines and age/grade levels using traditional paper-and-pencil tests. However, despite the increase in computer assisted assessment (CAA), little research has examined whether these test taking strategies are effective for computer assisted tests. Research was conducted to determine if learning a proven test taking strategy would improve the online quiz scores of six university students in an introductory chemistry course intended for science, technology, engineering and math majors. Participants completed six to ten chemistry quizzes prior to intervention---learning the test taking strategy---and four to eight chemistry quizzes after intervention. Results indicated that, while students learned the strategy, it had little effect on their online chemistry quiz scores. Additionally, at the end of the semester, participants completed a satisfaction survey indicating general satisfaction with having learned the test taking strategy and generalization to other courses and types of tests. Furthermore, results suggest that adaptations to the on-line delivery method of the quizzes and to the test taking strategies may improve the robustness of the effect. Due to the increased use of computer assisted assessment, additional research is warranted to determine appropriate test taking strategies for online tests.

  15. Academic Advising: Transition and Continuity. Proceedings of the National Academic Advising Association Annual Region VII Conference (5th, Dallas, Texas, May 21-23, 1989).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hargrave, O. T., Ed.

    Papers from the conference proceedings of the National Academic Advising Association are as follows: "Advising, Writing Centers, and Academic Services: Applications and Extensions of Student Developmental Theories" (M. Brooks and C. Murphy); "Development of an Expert System for Student Advisement" (J. Sullivan et al.); "Evaluating Advising: The…

  16. 32 CFR 516.17 - SJA or legal adviser procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... procedures. (a) Immediate notice to HQDA. When an SJA or legal adviser learns of litigation in which the... following: (1) Title or style of the proceeding. (2) Full names and addresses of the parties. (3)...

  17. 32 CFR 516.17 - SJA or legal adviser procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... procedures. (a) Immediate notice to HQDA. When an SJA or legal adviser learns of litigation in which the... following: (1) Title or style of the proceeding. (2) Full names and addresses of the parties. (3)...

  18. 32 CFR 516.17 - SJA or legal adviser procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... procedures. (a) Immediate notice to HQDA. When an SJA or legal adviser learns of litigation in which the... following: (1) Title or style of the proceeding. (2) Full names and addresses of the parties. (3)...

  19. 32 CFR 516.17 - SJA or legal adviser procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... procedures. (a) Immediate notice to HQDA. When an SJA or legal adviser learns of litigation in which the... following: (1) Title or style of the proceeding. (2) Full names and addresses of the parties. (3)...

  20. Medical devices; obstetrical and gynecological devices; classification of the assisted reproduction embryo image assessment system. Final order.

    PubMed

    2015-02-26

    The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is classifying the Assisted Reproduction Embryo Image Assessment System into class II (special controls). The special controls that will apply to the device are identified in this order, and will be part of the codified language for the Assisted Reproduction Embryo Image Assessment System classification. The Agency is classifying the device into class II (special controls) in order to provide a reasonable assurance of safety and effectiveness of the device.

  1. Biodynamic imaging of live porcine oocytes, zygotes and blastocysts for viability assessment in assisted reproductive technologies

    PubMed Central

    An, Ran; Wang, Chunmin; Turek, John; Machaty, Zoltan; Nolte, David D.

    2015-01-01

    The success of assisted reproductive technologies relies on accurate assessment of reproductive viability at successive stages of development for oocytes and embryos. The current scoring system used to select good-quality oocytes relies on morphologically observable traits and hence is indirect and subjective. Biodynamic imaging may provide an objective approach to oocyte and embryo assessment by measuring physiologically-relevant dynamics. Biodynamic imaging is a coherence-gated approach to 3D tissue imaging that uses digital holography to perform low-coherence speckle interferometry to capture dynamic light scattering from intracellular motions. The changes in intracellular activity during cumulus oocyte complex maturation, before and after in vitro fertilization, and the subsequent development of the zygote and blastocyst provide a new approach to the assessment of preimplant candidates. PMID:25798318

  2. Science Advising in the Legislative and Executive Branches

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zimmerman, Peter D.

    2002-04-01

    Almost every action of modern government has some scientific and technical component. However, most senior officials who must set policy and make decisions have little or no scientific training. As a result a small, but growing, number of professional scientists have left their research careers for new ones providing the needed technical advice. Interestingly enough, the job of "science adviser" is very different in the Executive Branch than it is in Congress. The major part of that difference comes from the responsibilities of the parent organization: the Executive actually sets the policies, proposes budgets, and then must perform. As science adviser to the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency and, after its merger with the State Department, I felt that I had a direct effect on how some issues were resolved. Congress, on the other hand, has the responsibility for authorizing and appropriating funds and setting the terms for their use. It exerts much of its power through holding hearings to make points to the public and the administration, but the adviser is usually placed bureaucratically much closer to the Senator or Congressman being advised than to a principal within the Executive Branch and may have more opportunities to communicate with his boss A science adviser is paid to advise on science, not policy, and must do his or her best not to shape the science to fit a desired outcome, the adviser's or the boss's. There are never enough scientists on staff to cover the territory; in all likelihood, there never will be. That makes it incumbent upon the adviser to reach out to his colleagues in ever-widening circles and across boundaries of disciplines. It certainly means learning new science along the way -- when I joined the SFRC staff last summer, I never dreamed that I would have to learn so much biology and medicine in a matter of days. The science community also has an obligation if it wants to see good science advising in Washington: be available; provide

  3. Assessment of physician-assisted death by members of the public prosecution in The Netherlands.

    PubMed Central

    Cuperus-Bosma, J M; van der Wal, G; Looman, C W; van der Maas, P J

    1999-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: To identify the factors that influence the assessment of reported cases of physician-assisted death by members of the public prosecution. DESIGN/SETTING: At the beginning of 1996, during verbal interviews, 12 short case-descriptions were presented to a representative group of 47 members of the public prosecution in the Netherlands. RESULTS: Assessment varied considerably between respondents. Some respondents made more "lenient" assessments than others. Characteristics of the respondents, such as function, personal-life philosophy and age, were not related to the assessment. Case characteristics, i.e. the presence of an explicit request, life expectancy and the type of suffering, strongly influenced the assessment. Of these characteristics, the presence or absence of an explicit request was the most important determinant of the decision whether or not to hold an inquest. CONCLUSIONS: Although the presence of an explicit request, life expectancy and the type of suffering each influenced the assessment, each individual assessment was dependent on the assessor. The resulting danger of legal inequality and legal uncertainty, particularly in complicated cases, should be kept to a minimum by the introduction of some form of protocol and consultation in doubtful or boundary cases. The notification procedure already promotes a certain degree of uniformity in the prosecution policy. PMID:10070632

  4. Advising Mothers on the Use of Medications during Breastfeeding: A Need for a Positive Attitude.

    PubMed

    Davanzo, Riccardo; Bua, Jenny; De Cunto, Angela; Farina, Maria Luisa; De Ponti, Fabrizio; Clavenna, Antonio; Mandrella, Stefania; Sagone, Antonella; Clementi, Maurizio

    2016-02-01

    The use of medications by the nursing mother is a common reason for interrupting breastfeeding. Few drugs have been demonstrated to be absolutely contraindicated during breastfeeding. Excessive caution may lead health professionals to unnecessarily advise to interrupt breastfeeding, without assessing the latest evidence or considering the risk-benefit ratio of taking a medication versus terminating breastfeeding. To foster an appropriate approach toward the use of medications in breastfeeding women, the Italian Society of Perinatal Medicine created the following policy statement.

  5. Richard Gilbert, Reporter and Assistant City Editor.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bender, Larry

    1988-01-01

    Looks at the experiences of Richard Gilbert, reporter and assistant editor for "The Herald Telephone," a daily newspaper in Bloomington, Indiana, and discusses Gilbert's suggested guidelines for high school journalism advisers. (MS)

  6. Risk assessment in travel medicine.

    PubMed

    Leggat, Peter A

    2006-01-01

    Risk assessment is an integral part of pre-travel and post- assessment. Risk assessment largely determines what health and safety advice and interventions are given within the relevant prevailing travel health guidelines. Risk assessment needs time and depends on information, including that given by the traveller. Risk assessment also needs to be documented. Risk assessment of the traveller preferably starts before they enter the consulting room, where travellers may complete a pre-travel health questionnaire. Armed with this information, risk assessment may be assisted by access to computerised travel health databases and the published literature. Experience of travel to the destination may also assist in risk assessment and the tour operator, overseas employer or agency, the traveller or even the travel health advisers themselves may provide this information.

  7. Assessment of Initial Test Conditions for Experiments to Assess Irradiation Assisted Stress Corrosion Cracking Mechanisms

    SciTech Connect

    Busby, Jeremy T; Gussev, Maxim N

    2011-04-01

    Irradiation-assisted stress corrosion cracking is a key materials degradation issue in today s nuclear power reactor fleet and affects critical structural components within the reactor core. The effects of increased exposure to irradiation, stress, and/or coolant can substantially increase susceptibility to stress-corrosion cracking of austenitic steels in high-temperature water environments. . Despite 30 years of experience, the underlying mechanisms of IASCC are unknown. Extended service conditions will increase the exposure to irradiation, stress, and corrosive environment for all core internal components. The objective of this effort within the Light Water Reactor Sustainability program is to evaluate the response and mechanisms of IASCC in austenitic stainless steels with single variable experiments. A series of high-value irradiated specimens has been acquired from the past international research programs, providing a valuable opportunity to examine the mechanisms of IASCC. This batch of irradiated specimens has been received and inventoried. In addition, visual examination and sample cleaning has been completed. Microhardness testing has been performed on these specimens. All samples show evidence of hardening, as expected, although the degree of hardening has saturated and no trend with dose is observed. Further, the change in hardening can be converted to changes in mechanical properties. The calculated yield stress is consistent with previous data from light water reactor conditions. In addition, some evidence of changes in deformation mode was identified via examination of the microhardness indents. This analysis may provide further insights into the deformation mode under larger scale tests. Finally, swelling analysis was performed using immersion density methods. Most alloys showed some evidence of swelling, consistent with the expected trends for this class of alloy. The Hf-doped alloy showed densification rather than swelling. This observation may be

  8. Pollution prevention opportunity assessment approach, training, and technical assistance for DOE contractors. FY 1995 report

    SciTech Connect

    Pemberton, S.

    1996-02-01

    The Department of Energy and its contractors are faced with environmental concerns and large waste management costs. Federal legislation and DOE Orders require sites to develop waste minimization/pollution prevention programs. In response to these requirements, the Kansas City Plant developed a pollution prevention tool called a pollution prevention opportunity assessment (PPOA). Pilot assessments resulted in the development of a graded approach to reduce the amount of effort required for activities that utilized nonhazardous and/or low-volume waste streams. The project`s objectives in FY95 were to validate DOE`s PPOA Graded Approach methodology, provide PPOA training and technical assistance to interested DOE personnel and DOE contractors, enhance the methodology with energy analysis and tools for environmental restoration activities, implement a DOE-wide PPOA database, and provide support to DOE EM-334 in the completion of a report which estimates the future potential for pollution prevention and waste minimization in the DOE complex.

  9. An Overview of The Technology Assisted Dietary Assessment Project at Purdue University

    PubMed Central

    Khanna, Nitin; Boushey, Carol J.; Kerr, Deborah; Okos, Martin; Ebert, David S.; Delp, Edward J.

    2011-01-01

    In this paper, we describe the Technology Assisted Dietary Assessment (TADA) project at Purdue University. Dietary intake, what someone eats during the course of a day, provides valuable insights for mounting intervention programs for prevention of many chronic diseases such as obesity and cancer. Accurate methods and tools to assess food and nutrient intake are essential for research on the association between diet and health. An overview of our methods used in the TADA project is presented. Our approach includes the use of image analysis tools for identification and quantification of food that is consumed at a meal. Images obtained before and after foods are eaten are used to estimate the amount and type of food consumed. PMID:22020443

  10. Concept Mapping Assessment of Media Assisted Learning in Interdisciplinary Science Education

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schaal, Steffen; Bogner, Franz X.; Girwidz, Raimund

    2010-05-01

    Acquisition of conceptual knowledge is a central aim in science education. In this study we monitored an interdisciplinary hypermedia assisted learning unit on hibernation and thermodynamics based on cooperative learning. We used concept mapping for the assessment, applying a pre-test/post-test design. In our study, 106 9th graders cooperated by working in pairs ( n = 53) for six lessons. As an interdisciplinary learning activity in such complex knowledge domains has to combine many different aspects, we focused on long-term knowledge. Learners working cooperatively in dyads constructed computer-supported concept maps which were analysed by specific software. The data analysis encompassed structural aspects of the knowledge corresponding to a target reference map. After the learning unit, the results showed the acquisition of higher-order domain-specific knowledge structures which indicates successful interdisciplinary learning through the hypermedia learning environment. The benefit of using a computer-assisted concept mapping assessment for research in science education, and in science classrooms is considered.

  11. Assistive technology as a predictor of general or alternate assessment among elementary-aged students with autism spectrum disorders.

    PubMed

    Barnard-Brak, Lucy; Thompson, Samuel; Wei, Tianlan; Richman, David

    2014-01-01

    The No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 specifically mandates that all students participate in the general assessment process or some form of alternate assessment as a measure of school accountability for student academic progress. Although levels of communication difficulties, intellectual impairment, and specific diagnoses such as autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) are correlated with increased probability of participating in alternate assessment methods, very little empirical research has focused on identifying predictors for students' assessment modality. Archival data from the Special Education Elementary Longitudinal Study (SEELS; 2005) were used to examine variables that predict whether elementary school students with ASD participated in the general or alternate assessment. Results indicated that receptive and expressive communication abilities appear to influence participation in the general vs. alternate assessment in tandem with access to assistive technology. Students with ASDs were approximately 2.71 times more likely to participate in the general assessment when they had access to assistive technology. Next, we performed a second, follow-up analysis for only ASD students with communication problems. The odds ratio value increased to 14.9 indicating that ASD students with communication problems that had access to assistive technology were almost 15 times more likely to participate in the general assessment than students with communication problems without access to assistive technology.

  12. Robot-Assisted Arm Assessments in Spinal Cord Injured Patients: A Consideration of Concept Study

    PubMed Central

    Albisser, Urs; Rudhe, Claudia; Curt, Armin; Riener, Robert; Klamroth-Marganska, Verena

    2015-01-01

    Robotic assistance is increasingly used in neurological rehabilitation for enhanced training. Furthermore, therapy robots have the potential for accurate assessment of motor function in order to diagnose the patient status, to measure therapy progress or to feedback the movement performance to the patient and therapist in real time. We investigated whether a set of robot-based assessments that encompasses kinematic, kinetic and timing metrics is applicable, safe, reliable and comparable to clinical metrics for measurement of arm motor function. Twenty-four healthy subjects and five patients after spinal cord injury underwent robot-based assessments using the exoskeleton robot ARMin. Five different tasks were performed with aid of a visual display. Ten kinematic, kinetic and timing assessment parameters were extracted on joint- and end-effector level (active and passive range of motion, cubic reaching volume, movement time, distance-path ratio, precision, smoothness, reaction time, joint torques and joint stiffness). For cubic volume, joint torques and the range of motion for most joints, good inter- and intra-rater reliability were found whereas precision, movement time, distance-path ratio and smoothness showed weak to moderate reliability. A comparison with clinical scores revealed good correlations between robot-based joint torques and the Manual Muscle Test. Reaction time and distance-path ratio showed good correlation with the “Graded and Redefined Assessment of Strength, Sensibility and Prehension” (GRASSP) and the Van Lieshout Test (VLT) for movements towards a predefined position in the center of the frontal plane. In conclusion, the therapy robot ARMin provides a comprehensive set of assessments that are applicable and safe. The first results with spinal cord injured patients and healthy subjects suggest that the measurements are widely reliable and comparable to clinical scales for arm motor function. The methods applied and results can serve as a

  13. Assessment of movement quality in robot- assisted upper limb rehabilitation after stroke: a review.

    PubMed

    Nordin, Nurdiana; Xie, Sheng Quan; Wünsche, Burkhard

    2014-09-12

    : Studies of stroke patients undergoing robot-assisted rehabilitation have revealed various kinematic parameters describing movement quality of the upper limb. However, due to the different level of stroke impairment and different assessment criteria and interventions, the evaluation of the effectiveness of rehabilitation program is undermined. This paper presents a systematic review of kinematic assessments of movement quality of the upper limb and identifies the suitable parameters describing impairments in stroke patients. A total of 41 different clinical and pilot studies on different phases of stroke recovery utilizing kinematic parameters are evaluated. Kinematic parameters describing movement accuracy are mostly reported for chronic patients with statistically significant outcomes and correlate strongly with clinical assessments. Meanwhile, parameters describing feed-forward sensorimotor control are the most frequently reported in studies on sub-acute patients with significant outcomes albeit without correlation to any clinical assessments. However, lack of measures in coordinated movement and proximal component of upper limb enunciate the difficulties to distinguish the exploitation of joint redundancies exhibited by stroke patients in completing the movement. A further study on overall measures of coordinated movement is recommended.

  14. Faculty Advising Examined: Enhancing the Potential of College Faculty as Advisors.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kramer, Gary L., Ed.

    This collection explores faculty advising as a potential contributor to student college success and provides information on how to organize, deliver, and improve overall faculty advising in the current higher education climate. The chapters are: (1) "Advising as Teaching" (Gary L. Kramer); (2) "Faculty Advising: Practice and Promise" (Wesley R.…

  15. Assessment of perceptual quality for gaze-contingent motion stabilization in robotic assisted minimally invasive surgery.

    PubMed

    Mylonas, George P; Stoyanov, Danail; Darzi, Ara; Yang, Guang-Zhong

    2007-01-01

    With the increasing sophistication of surgical robots, the use of motion stabilisation for enhancing the performance of micro-surgical tasks is an actively pursued research topic. The use of mechanical stabilisation devices has certain advantages, in terms of both simplicity and consistency. The technique, however, can complicate the existing surgical workflow and interfere with an already crowded MIS operated cavity. With the advent of reliable vision-based real-time and in situ in vivo techniques on 3D-deformation recovery, current effort is being directed towards the use of optical based techniques for achieving adaptive motion stabilisation. The purpose of this paper is to assess the effect of virtual stabilization on foveal/parafoveal vision during robotic assisted MIS. Detailed psychovisual experiments have been performed. Results show that stabilisation of the whole visual field is not necessary and it is sufficient to perform accurate motion tracking and deformation compensation within a relatively small area that is directly under foveal vision. The results have also confirmed that under the current motion stabilisation regime, the deformation of the periphery does not affect the visual acuity and there is no indication of the deformation velocity of the periphery affecting foveal sensitivity. These findings are expected to have a direct implication on the future design of visual stabilisation methods for robotic assisted MIS.

  16. Pollution prevention opportunity assessment approach, training, and technical assistance for DOE contractors

    SciTech Connect

    Pemberton, S.

    1995-01-01

    One of the tools used in a successful pollution prevention program is a pollution prevention opportunity assessment (PPOA). The purpose of this project was to share the Kansas City Plant`s (KCP`s) PPOA expertise with other Department of Energy (DOE) personnel and DOE contractors. This consisted of five major activities in FY94: (1) Validating DOE`s PPOA Graded Approach methodology; (2) Providing DOE-funded PPOA training and technical assistance to interested DOE personnel and DOE contractors; (3) Developing a promotional campaign; (4) Conducting a feasibility study to develop a DOE-wide PPOA information exchange mechanism; and (5) Organizing and coordinating information sharing among related DOE EM-334 pollution prevention projects. This report documents the FY94 efforts, lessons learned, and future plans for all of the PPOA-related activities.

  17. Defining and assessing evidence for the effectiveness of technical assistance in furthering global health.

    PubMed

    West, Gary R; Clapp, Sheila P; Averill, E Megan Davidson; Cates, Willard

    2012-01-01

    In an era when health resources are increasingly constrained, international organisations are transitioning from directly managing health services to providing technical assistance (TA) to in-country owners of public health programmes. We define TA as: 'A dynamic, capacity-building process for designing or improving the quality, effectiveness, and efficiency of specific programmes, research, services, products, or systems'. TA can build sustainable capacities, strengthen health systems and support country ownership. However, our assessment of published evaluations found limited evidence for its effectiveness. We summarise socio-behavioural theories relevant to TA, review published evaluations and describe skills required for TA providers. We explore challenges to providing TA including cost effectiveness, knowledge management and sustaining TA systems. Lastly, we outline recommendations for structuring global TA systems. Considering its important role in global health, more rigorous evaluations of TA efforts should be given high priority.

  18. Defining and assessing evidence for the effectiveness of technical assistance in furthering global health

    PubMed Central

    West, Gary R.; Clapp, Sheila P.; Averill, E. Megan Davidson; Cates, Willard

    2012-01-01

    In an era when health resources are increasingly constrained, international organisations are transitioning from directly managing health services to providing technical assistance (TA) to in-country owners of public health programmes. We define TA as: A dynamic, capacity-building process for designing or improving the quality, effectiveness, and efficiency of specific programmes, research, services, products, or systems’. TA can build sustainable capacities, strengthen health systems and support country ownership. However, our assessment of published evaluations found limited evidence for its effectiveness. We summarise socio-behavioural theories relevant to TA, review published evaluations and describe skills required for TA providers. We explore challenges to providing TA including cost effectiveness, knowledge management and sustaining TA systems. Lastly, we outline recommendations for structuring global TA systems. Considering its important role in global health, more rigorous evaluations of TA efforts should be given high priority. PMID:22606939

  19. Pollution prevention opportunity assessment approach, training, and technical assistance for DOE contractors

    SciTech Connect

    Pemberton, S.

    1997-03-01

    One of the tools used in a successful pollution prevention program is a pollution prevention opportunity assessment (PPOA). PPOAs can be used to identify the nature and amounts of waste and energy usage from processes and projects within a site`s operations, identify the opportunities that exist for pollution prevention and energy conservation, and then evaluate those opportunities for feasible implementation. The purpose of this project is to share the Kansas City Plant`s (KCP`s) PPOA methodology and experience with other DOE personnel and DOE contractors. This consisted of three major activities in FY96: (1) completing the PPOA training module specific to Environmental Restoration activities; (2) providing PPOA training and technical assistance to interested DOE personnel and DOE contractors, and (3) implementing and maintaining the DOE-wide PPOA database. This report documents the FY96 efforts, lessons learned, and future plans for all of the PPOA-related activities.

  20. A prototype case-based reasoning human assistant for space crew assessment and mission management

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Owen, Robert B.; Holland, Albert W.; Wood, Joanna

    1993-01-01

    We present a prototype human assistant system for space crew assessment and mission management. Our system is based on case episodes from American and Russian space missions and analog environments such as polar stations and undersea habitats. The general domain of small groups in isolated and confined environments represents a near ideal application area for case-based reasoning (CBR) - there are few reliable rules to follow, and most domain knowledge is in the form of cases. We define the problem domain and outline a unique knowledge representation system driven by conflict and communication triggers. The prototype system is able to represent, index, and retrieve case studies of human performance. We index by social, behavioral, and environmental factors. We present the problem domain, our current implementation, our research approach for an operational system, and prototype performance and results.

  1. Minority STEM students' perceptions of academic advisement and the impact of academic advisement on satisfaction and academic success of minority STEM students at an HBCU in southeastern Louisiana

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Martin, Brittany

    The purpose of this study was to examine how academic advising impacts minority STEM students' academic success and their level of satisfaction. The study also explored minority STEM students' perceptions of academic advising based on their experience. The sample included 188 sophomore and junior STEM students attending an HBCU in southeastern Louisiana. Participants in the study completed the Academic Advising Inventory (AAI). Some students also participated in a focus group or virtual interview. An independent t-test found no difference between the GPAs of STEM students who received developmental advising as opposed to prescriptive advising. A one-way ANOVA found no significant difference between STEM students' GPAs based on the frequency and duration of their advising sessions. A Mann-Whitney U test determined that STEM students who were prescriptively advised were significantly more satisfied with advising than STEM students who were developmentally advised. A Mann-Whitney U also determined that STEM students who were satisfied with their education were significantly more dissatisfied with academic advising than STEM students who were dissatisfied with their education. A Kruskal-Wallis H test determined there was no significant difference between STEM students' satisfaction with advising and the frequency of their advising sessions. A Kruskal-Wallis H also determined that STEM students who spent less than 15 minutes or more than 1 hour were the most satisfied with advisement. The majority of STEM students perceived academic advising had little impact on their GPA. However, STEM students perceived academic advising as having an impact on their satisfaction with the university. The majority of STEM students perceived academic advising as useful.

  2. Assessment of the acceptance and effectiveness of peer-assisted learning in pediatrics

    PubMed Central

    Awasthi, Shally; Yadav, Krishna Kumar

    2015-01-01

    Background: Peer-assisted learning (PAL) is the development of knowledge and skill through active help and support of equals. However, this has not been tested in medical education in India. Objectives: To assess the effectiveness of PAL on improvement in cognitive assessment scores and its acceptance among undergraduate medical students in one public teaching medical university in North India. Methodology: After approval from the Institutional Ethics Committee, three PAL sessions, 1 per week, each on specific topic, were conducted using small group discussion methodology with a faculty contact and student leader and 4–6 peer-learners, in 9th semester MBBS students. A pretest with multiple choice questions (MCQs) was followed by distribution of learning objectives and list of resource material. PAL session was conducted after 72 h, followed by posttest by MCQs and then focus group discussion (FGD) on students’ experiences. Results: Of the 26 students enrolled, three PAL sessions was completed by 22 (84.6%) students. The correlation coefficient between pre- and post-test scores was 0.48 (P < 0.0001), with a 24.2% improvement in posttest scores. In the nine FGDs most said that PALs helped in the better preparation of the topic, clarifying doubts, lessened examination anxiety, improved communication skills, and increased self-confidence. Conclusion: PAL was well accepted, and it improved assessment scores. Therefore, it can be adopted for teaching selected topics across all subjects of MBBS course. PMID:26380206

  3. Computer-assisted navigation for the assessment of fixed flexion in knee arthroplasty

    PubMed Central

    Gallie, Price A.M.; Davis, Edward T.; Macgroarty, Kelly; Waddell, James P.; Schemitsch, Emil H.

    2010-01-01

    Background Correction of a fixed flexion deformity is an important goal when performing total knee arthroplasty. The purpose of this study was to assess the accuracy of clinical assessment compared with imageless computer navigation in determining the degree of fixed flexion. Methods We performed navigation anatomy registration using 14 cadaver knees. The knees were held in various degrees of flexion with 2 crossed pins. The degree of flexion was first recorded on the computer and then on lateral radiographs. The cadaver knees were draped as they would be for a total knee arthroplasty, and 9 examiners were asked to clinically assess by visual observation the amount of fixed flexion. Three examiners repeated the process 1 week later. Results The mean error from the radiographs in the navigation group was 2.18° (95% confidence interval [CI] 1.23°–3.01°) compared with 5.57° (95%CI 4.86°–6.29°) in the observer group. The navigation was more consistent, with a range of error of −5° to +5.5° compared with −18.5° to +17.5° in the observer group. The observers tended to underestimate the amount of knee flexion (median error −4°), whereas the navigation group was more evenly distributed (median error 0). The highest concordance coefficient was found between navigation and radiography (0.96). The concordance coefficient was 0.88 for the 3 surgeons who repeated the measurements 1 week later (mean error 3.5°, range 15°). Conclusion The use of computer navigation appears to be a more accurate method for assessing the degree of knee flexion, with a reduced range of error compared with clinical assessment. The use of computer-assisted surgery may therefore provide surgeons with the information required to more consistently restore full extension during total knee arthroplasty. PMID:20100412

  4. Machine learning to assist risk-of-bias assessments in systematic reviews

    PubMed Central

    Millard, Louise AC; Flach, Peter A; Higgins, Julian PT

    2016-01-01

    Background: Risk-of-bias assessments are now a standard component of systematic reviews. At present, reviewers need to manually identify relevant parts of research articles for a set of methodological elements that affect the risk of bias, in order to make a risk-of-bias judgement for each of these elements. We investigate the use of text mining methods to automate risk-of-bias assessments in systematic reviews. We aim to identify relevant sentences within the text of included articles, to rank articles by risk of bias and to reduce the number of risk-of-bias assessments that the reviewers need to perform by hand. Methods: We use supervised machine learning to train two types of models, for each of the three risk-of-bias properties of sequence generation, allocation concealment and blinding. The first model predicts whether a sentence in a research article contains relevant information. The second model predicts a risk-of-bias value for each research article. We use logistic regression, where each independent variable is the frequency of a word in a sentence or article, respectively. Results: We found that sentences can be successfully ranked by relevance with area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve (AUC) > 0.98. Articles can be ranked by risk of bias with AUC > 0.72. We estimate that more than 33% of articles can be assessed by just one reviewer, where two reviewers are normally required. Conclusions: We show that text mining can be used to assist risk-of-bias assessments. PMID:26659355

  5. Development and Implementation of an Advising Program’s Meet-and-Greet Session

    PubMed Central

    Candelario, Danielle M.; Bridgeman, Mary Barna

    2015-01-01

    Objective. To describe the implementation and perceptions of an advising program’s meet-and-greet session on student/faculty interactions. Design. Student advisees and faculty advisors attended a meet-and-greet program designed to facilitate introductions. Two online surveys evaluating program perceptions were electronically distributed to participants. Assessment. Twenty-eight advisors and 226 students attended; 17 faculty members and 42% (n=95) of students completed the survey. Advisors and advisees found the program valuable (100%, 85%) and recommended holding it again (100%, 93%), respectively. Most advisors agreed that the event improved success in meeting advisees while reducing time needed to schedule and meet with advisees. Students felt more comfortable contacting advisors after participating, with 83% agreeing it was more convenient than scheduling separate meeting times. Conclusion. An advising meet-and-greet program facilitated initial advisee/advisor meetings while reducing self-reported faculty time/resources. This activity could be implemented by other institutions seeking to promote student advising relationships. PMID:26889062

  6. Institutional Vision at Proprietary Schools: Advising for Profit

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abelman, Robert; Dalessandro, Amy; Janstova, Patricie; Snyder-Suhy, Sharon

    2007-01-01

    A college or university's general approach to students and student support services, as reflected in its institutional vision, can serve to advocate the adoption of one type of advising structure, approach, and delivery system over another. A content analysis of a nationwide sample of institutional vision statements from NACADA-membership colleges…

  7. 20 CFR 702.503 - Vocational rehabilitation; action by adviser.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 4 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Vocational rehabilitation; action by adviser. 702.503 Section 702.503 Employees' Benefits OFFICE OF WORKERS' COMPENSATION PROGRAMS, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR LONGSHOREMEN'S AND HARBOR WORKERS' COMPENSATION ACT AND RELATED STATUTES ADMINISTRATION...

  8. 20 CFR 702.503 - Vocational rehabilitation; action by adviser.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 4 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Vocational rehabilitation; action by adviser. 702.503 Section 702.503 Employees' Benefits OFFICE OF WORKERS' COMPENSATION PROGRAMS, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR LONGSHOREMEN'S AND HARBOR WORKERS' COMPENSATION ACT AND RELATED STATUTES ADMINISTRATION...

  9. 20 CFR 702.503 - Vocational rehabilitation; action by adviser.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 4 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Vocational rehabilitation; action by adviser. 702.503 Section 702.503 Employees' Benefits OFFICE OF WORKERS' COMPENSATION PROGRAMS, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR LONGSHOREMEN'S AND HARBOR WORKERS' COMPENSATION ACT AND RELATED STATUTES ADMINISTRATION...

  10. 20 CFR 702.503 - Vocational rehabilitation; action by adviser.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Vocational rehabilitation; action by adviser. 702.503 Section 702.503 Employees' Benefits OFFICE OF WORKERS' COMPENSATION PROGRAMS, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR LONGSHOREMEN'S AND HARBOR WORKERS' COMPENSATION ACT AND RELATED STATUTES ADMINISTRATION...

  11. 77 FR 76305 - Franklin Advisers, Inc., et al.;

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-27

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION Franklin Advisers, Inc., et al.; Notice of Application December 19, 2012. AGENCY: Securities and Exchange Commission (``Commission''). ACTION: Notice of an application for an order under section 6(c)...

  12. Cultural Considerations in Advising Latino/a Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Negroni-Rodriguez, Lirio K.; Dicks, Barbara A.; Morales, Julio

    2006-01-01

    This paper presents a model for advising Latino/a students in graduate social work programs. The model is based on ecological-systemic and empowerment theory and ascribes to the social work values and cultural competence standards proposed by the National Association of Social Workers. It has been developed within an institution that has sought…

  13. Academic Advising and Cognitive Development: Is There a Link?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Frost, Susan

    This paper explores the relationship of developmental advising and frequency of faculty-student contact to college students' cognitive growth. The study involved freshmen at two metropolitan Atlanta (Georgia) women's colleges: Agnes Scott College and Brenau College. Brenau freshmen participate in a two-quarter seminar which includes academic…

  14. 12 CFR 225.125 - Investment adviser activities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... section 2(a)(20) of the Investment Company Act of 1940, to an investment company registered under that Act... some of these questions are set forth below. (b) It is clear from the legislative history of the Bank... adviser. Consistently with the spirit and purpose of the Glass-Steagall Act, this interpretation...

  15. 12 CFR 225.125 - Investment adviser activities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... section 2(a)(20) of the Investment Company Act of 1940, to an investment company registered under that Act... some of these questions are set forth below. (b) It is clear from the legislative history of the Bank... adviser. Consistently with the spirit and purpose of the Glass-Steagall Act, this interpretation...

  16. 12 CFR 225.125 - Investment adviser activities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... section 2(a)(20) of the Investment Company Act of 1940, to an investment company registered under that Act... some of these questions are set forth below. (b) It is clear from the legislative history of the Bank... adviser. Consistently with the spirit and purpose of the Glass-Steagall Act, this interpretation...

  17. 12 CFR 225.125 - Investment adviser activities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... defined in section 2(a)(20) of the Investment Company Act of 1940, to an investment company registered... Board's views with respect to some of these questions are set forth below. (b) It is clear from the... activities as an investment adviser. Consistently with the spirit and purpose of the Glass-Steagall Act,...

  18. 12 CFR 225.125 - Investment adviser activities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... defined in section 2(a)(20) of the Investment Company Act of 1940, to an investment company registered... Board's views with respect to some of these questions are set forth below. (b) It is clear from the... activities as an investment adviser. Consistently with the spirit and purpose of the Glass-Steagall Act,...

  19. NAFSA's Guide to Education Abroad for Advisers and Administrators.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoffa, William, Ed.; And Others

    This volume offers a series of papers and essays as a guide to higher education advisors and administrators in the field of education abroad. Papers are organized into three sections which address education abroad in general, advising, and program development and evaluation. The following papers are included: "Being a Professional in the Field of…

  20. Student Evaluation of Summer Orientation, Learning, Advising, and Registration.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Allen, David F.

    Incoming freshmen at the University of North Carolina at Wilmington completed evaluations of their two-day orientation. The Orientation Evaluation is administered to freshmen who have chosen to participate in one of three sessions: Summer Orientation, Learning, Advising, and Registration sessions (SOLAR). A total of 166 students completed the…

  1. Changes for Avoiding Burnout in Teachers and Advisers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nagy, Mary Lou

    2006-01-01

    All advisers have many concerns and stresses that are unique to their situation. Even though they love their jobs, burnout can creep up without announcing its arrival. Possible signs of burnout may include irritability with students, avoiding responsibility, working harder and getting less done, feeling discouraged and indifferent, showing…

  2. Ten Attributes of the Ideal Student Publications Adviser.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dill, Chuck

    2003-01-01

    Contends the faculty adviser for student publications holds one of the most sensitive positions in school. Explains why the following attributes are important in an advisor: understands the peripheral aspects of the job; communicates effectively; promotes teamwork; models how to accept criticism; promotes intrinsic motivation; stirs students to…

  3. Keeping Pace . . . A Journalism Update for the Teacher/Adviser.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burdette, Elizabeth; And Others

    Intended as a resource book for journalism instructors or school publication advisers, this booklet encompasses the basics that apply to all scholastic journalism endeavors. The first section, "Teaching Journalism--The Total Program," covers official guidelines and editorial policies, interviewing, gathering news, feature writing, editorial…

  4. Exploring the Challenges of Academic Advising for Student Veterans

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Parks, Rodney; Walker, Erin; Smith, Carol

    2015-01-01

    As troops return to the United States from conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan, many student veterans are expected to utilize their education benefits and enroll in higher education. A key element in their success in college will be the quality of academic advising they receive. Student veterans are much more likely than traditional students to drop…

  5. Holland's Theory and Implications for Academic Advising and Career Counseling

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reardon, Robert; Bullock, Emily

    2004-01-01

    John Holland's typological theory of persons and environments is regarded as the most influential in the field of career counseling (Brown, 2002), but few have carried the theory over to the field of higher education and academic advising (Smart, Feldman, & Ethington, 2000). Therefore, Holland's theory and the subsequent research on it were…

  6. Academic Advising as an Intervention for College Students with ADHD

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    D'Alessio, Kathleen A.; Banerjee, Manju

    2016-01-01

    An innovative approach to academic advising is being proposed as an intervention for college students with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). This is a student-centered developmental approach that includes specific elements of coaching, such as open-ended questioning, creating a safe space for students with challenges in…

  7. 78 FR 14848 - Duties of Brokers, Dealers, and Investment Advisers

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-07

    ...The Securities and Exchange Commission is requesting data and other information, in particular quantitative data and economic analysis, relating to the benefits and costs that could result from various alternative approaches regarding the standards of conduct and other obligations of broker-dealers and investment advisers. We intend to use the comments and data we receive to inform our......

  8. RDI Advising Model for Improving the Teaching-Learning Process

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    de la Fuente, Jesus; Lopez-Medialdea, Ana Maria

    2007-01-01

    Introduction: Advising in Educational Psychology from the perspective of RDI takes on a stronger investigative, innovative nature. The model proposed by De la Fuente et al (2006, 2007) and Education & Psychology (2007) was applied to the field of improving teaching-learning processes at a school. Hypotheses were as follows: (1) interdependence…

  9. Technology and Academic Advising: Student Usage and Preferences

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gaines, Trudi

    2014-01-01

    When both time and financial resources are limited, administrators selectively decide upon proper utilization of current technology and determine whether monies should be expended on new, flashy, and attractive technology realizing that it may not contribute to the advising experience. By obtaining feedback from the students whom the academic…

  10. Strategies to Enhance Interpersonal Relations in Academic Advising

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hughey, Judy K.

    2011-01-01

    The relationship between interpersonal skills is positively correlated with effective academic advising. Professional academic advisors feel significant pressure to meet a wide array of student needs, increase retention rates, help students in their efforts of academic achievement and career exploration, and support institutions to excel in…

  11. Strengths-Based Advising: A New Lens for Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schreiner, Laurie; Anderson, Edward

    2005-01-01

    Strengths-based advising is proposed as a new lens for higher education, one that enables advisors to see diverse groups of students fulfill their potential and achieve excellence. Based on research from social work, positive psychology, and the business world, this approach enables advisors to identify and build on the inherent talents students…

  12. Reporting Casting Bronze Plaque Becomes Advisers Class Project

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ross, Charlie

    1977-01-01

    Describes an advisers' class project (at the University of Oklahoma) which consisted of reporting on the casting of a bronze plaque bearing the names of the first school newspaper, "The Students Gazette," and its editor, Samuel M. Fox, for presentation in Philadelphia to commemorate scholastic journalism's Bicentennial. (MB)

  13. Enhance Student Advising and Academic and Life Supports

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kiker, Jason

    2008-01-01

    This article, part of a yearlong series, focuses on the fifth recommendation in ACTE's postsecondary reform position statement which is to enhance student advising and academic and life supports. The availability of effective student supports can play a critical role in student enrollment, persistence and completion of postsecondary credentials.…

  14. 32 CFR 516.17 - SJA or legal adviser procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true SJA or legal adviser procedures. 516.17 Section 516.17 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY AID OF CIVIL AUTHORITIES AND PUBLIC RELATIONS LITIGATION Reporting Legal Proceedings to HQDA § 516.17 SJA or legal...

  15. An Assessment of the Perceived Instructional Leadership Behaviors of Assistant Principals

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Atkinson, Ronald E., Jr.

    2013-01-01

    This study examined the extent to which the role of the assistant principal is perceived to include instructional leadership behaviors. Specifically, this study compared the perceptions of instructional leadership practices of elementary, middle, and high school assistant principals from the perspectives of assistant principals, principals, and…

  16. Contemporary issues for experimental design in assessment of medical imaging and computer-assist systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wagner, Robert F.; Beiden, Sergey V.; Campbell, Gregory; Metz, Charles E.; Sacks, William M.

    2003-05-01

    The dialog among investigators in academia, industry, NIH, and the FDA has grown in recent years on topics of historic interest to attendees of these SPIE sub-conferences on Image Perception, Observer Performance, and Technology Assessment. Several of the most visible issues in this regard have been the emergence of digital mammography and modalities for computer-assisted detection and diagnosis in breast and lung imaging. These issues appear to be only the "tip of the iceberg" foreshadowing a number of emerging advances in imaging technology. So it is timely to make some general remarks looking back and looking ahead at the landscape (or seascape). The advances have been facilitated and documented in several forums. The major role of the SPIE Medical Imaging Conferences i well-known to all of us. Many of us were also present at the Medical Image Perception Society and co-sponsored by CDRH and NCI in September of 2001 at Airlie House, VA. The workshops and discussions held at that conference addressed some critical contemporary issues related to how society - and in particular industry and FDA - approach the general assessment problem. A great deal of inspiration for these discussions was also drawn from several workshops in recent years sponsored by the Biomedical Imaging Program of the National Cancer Institute on these issues, in particular the problem of "The Moving Target" of imaging technology. Another critical phenomenon deserving our attention is the fact that the Fourth National Forum on Biomedical Imaging in Oncology was recently held in Bethesda, MD., February 6-7, 2003. These forums are presented by the National Cancer Institute (NCI), the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS), and the National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA). They are sponsored by the National Institutes of Health/Foundation for Advanced Education in the Sciences (NIH/FAES). These forums led to the development of the NCI

  17. Periodontal and dental effects of surgically assisted rapid maxillary expansion, assessed by using digital study models

    PubMed Central

    Siqueira, Danilo Furquim; Cardoso, Mauricio de Almeida; Capelozza, Leopoldino; Goldenberg, Dov Charles; Fernandes, Mariana dos Santos

    2015-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: The present study assessed the maxillary dental arch changes produced by surgically assisted rapid maxillary expansion (SARME). METHODS: Dental casts from 18 patients (mean age of 23.3 years) were obtained at treatment onset (T1), three months after SARME (T2) and 6 months after expansion (T3). The casts were scanned in a 3D scanner (D-250, 3Shape, Copenhagen, Denmark). Maxillary dental arch width, dental crown tipping and height were measured and assessed by ANOVA and Tukey's test. RESULTS: Increased transversal widths from T1 and T2 and the maintenance of these values from T2 and T3 were observed. Buccal teeth tipping also showed statistically significant differences, with an increase in all teeth from T1 to T2 and a decrease from T2 to T3. No statistically significant difference was found for dental crown height, except for left first and second molars, although clinically irrelevant. CONCLUSION: SARME proved to be an effective and stable procedure, with minimum periodontal hazards. PMID:26154457

  18. Academic Advising in Agriculture for Graduate Students from Developing Countries. A Handbook for Faculty Advisers and Department Chairs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mashburn, Robert J., Ed.; Van de Water, Jack, Ed.

    This handbook addresses the entire process of foreign student education in agriculture, defines the various components of the process, and provides practical information for advisers. The guide is organized in sections that cover the following topics: (1) planning and selection of students; (2) communication with students prior to arrival; (3)…

  19. 76 FR 14424 - Office of the Assistant Secretary-Water and Science; Environmental Assessment for the Proposed...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-16

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Office of the Assistant Secretary--Water and Science; Environmental Assessment for the Proposed..., Interior. ACTION: Notice of intent. SUMMARY: Pursuant to Section 102(2)(c) of the National...

  20. An Innovative Approach for Assisting Teachers in Improving Instructional Strategies via Analyzing Historical Assessment Data of Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cheng, Li-Chen; Chu, Hui-Chun; Shiue, Bang-Min

    2015-01-01

    Identifying learning problems of students has been recognized as an important issue for assisting teachers in improving their instructional skills or learning design strategies. The accumulated assessment data provide an excellent resource for achieving this objective. However, most of conventional testing systems only record students' test…

  1. "Role Stretch": Assessing the Blurring of Teaching and Non-Teaching in the Classroom Assistant Role in Scotland

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Warhurst, Chris; Nickson, Dennis; Commander, Johanna; Gilbert, Kay

    2014-01-01

    With the increasing number of teaching and classroom assistants across the UK there is now much debate about what their role should be. In particular concerns have arisen about the extent to which they overstep the boundary from supporting teaching and learning into teaching pupils. This study assesses this issue within Scotland. It draws on a…

  2. Role of scientific advisers in the Strategic Defense Initiative

    SciTech Connect

    Lee, K.D.

    1986-01-01

    This paper compares the strategic and technical debate about the Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI) to the ABM debate of 1968-1972. One major difference is the commitment of the President to support SDI; those who apparently influenced the President on this matter came from outside the ranks of his usual military and diplomatic advisers. In Congress, science advisers are less influential now than they were in the past, due to the strengthening of Congressional staffs and agencies, the growth of scientific interest groups, and the diminished novelty of their appearances in Congress. In light of the history of the ABM, the US should be careful to ensure that the financial and technical commitments to SDI do not automatically imply a commitment to deploy a strategic defense system.

  3. Funding Based on Needs? A Study on the Use of Needs Assessment Data by a Major Humanitarian Health Assistance Donor in its Decisions to Allocate Funds

    PubMed Central

    Olin, Emma; von Schreeb, Johan

    2014-01-01

    Background: International humanitarian assistance is essential for disaster-affected populations, particularly in resource scarce settings. To target such assistance, needs assessments are required. According to internationally endorsed principles, donor governments should provide funding for humanitarian assistance based on need. Aim: The aim of this study is to explore a major donor’s use of needs assessment data in decision-making for allocations of funds for health-related humanitarian assistance contributions. Setting: This is a case study of the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida), a major and respected international donor of humanitarian assistance. Methods: To explore Sida’s use of needs assessment data in practice for needs-based allocations, we reviewed all decision documents and assessment memoranda for humanitarian assistance contributions for 2012 using content analysis; this was followed by interviews with key personnel at Sida. Results: Our document analysis found that needs assessment data was not systematically included in Sida’s assessment memoranda and decision documents. In the interviews, we observed various descriptions of the concept of needs assessments, the importance of contextual influences as well as previous collaborations with implementing humanitarian assistance organizations. Our findings indicate that policies guiding funding decisions on humanitarian assistance need to be matched with available needs assessment data and that terminologies and concepts have to be clearly defined. Conclusion: Based on the document analysis and the interviews, it is unclear how well Sida used needs assessment data for decisions to allocate funds. However, although our observations show that needs assessments are seldom used in decision making, Sida’s use of needs assessments has improved compared to a previous study. To improve project funds allocations based on needs assessment data, it will be critical to develop

  4. Microbial fuel cell with an algae-assisted cathode: A preliminary assessment

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    González del Campo, Araceli; Cañizares, Pablo; Rodrigo, Manuel A.; Fernández, Francisco J.; Lobato, Justo

    2013-11-01

    A microbial fuel cell (MFC) with an algae-assisted cathode, i.e., a system where the oxygen required by the cathode is not provided by aeration but by the photosynthetic process of the algae (Chlorella vulgaris), has been studied. The cathode was illuminated for 12 h each day (from 8:00 h to 20:00 h). 25 days was necessary to achieve steady state conditions. The time evolution of dissolved oxygen and cell voltage were assessed over the course of each day. As expected, the dissolved oxygen values were not constant throughout the day, reaching maximum values between 14:00 h and 20:00 h when dark phase reactions began and the algae started to consume oxygen. Cell voltage (Rext 120 Ω) followed the same trend as the oxygen profile. The supply of CO2 in the cathode was also studied, and half an hour was enough time to get the system working properly. During the acclimation stage, power density increased up to 13.5 mW m-2 at steady state conditions. However, impedance analysis showed that polarization resistance was higher at the cathode than at the anode. Nevertheless, it can be concluded that the studied system is a feasible method to treat wastewater in a self-sustainable way.

  5. Click it: assessment of classroom response systems in physician assistant education.

    PubMed

    Graeff, Evelyn C; Vail, Marianne; Maldonado, Ana; Lund, Maha; Galante, Steve; Tataronis, Gary

    2011-01-01

    The effect that classroom response systems, or clickers, have on knowledge retention and student satisfaction was studied in a physician assistant program. A clicker, a device similar to a remote control, was used by students to answer questions during lectures. This new technology has been marketed to educators as beneficial in keeping students actively involved and increasing their attentiveness in the classroom. To date, the results of studies on knowledge retention with the use of clickers have been mixed. For this pilot study, the students were divided into two groups with a pre- and post-test given in order to evaluate knowledge retention. One group received lectures in a traditional format, while the other group received the lectures incorporating clicker response questions. After the test scores from four lectures were analyzed, the incorporation of clickers did not alter knowledge retention. Retention of knowledge from both groups was similar and no statistical difference was found. However, student satisfaction regarding the use of clickers was positive. Students reported that clickers kept them more actively involved, increased attentiveness, and made lectures more enjoyable. Although the pilot study did not show a greater improvement in knowledge retention with the use of clickers, further research is needed to assess their effectiveness.

  6. Motility of Fasciola hepatica miracidia assessed with a computer-assisted sperm analyser.

    PubMed

    Villa-Mancera, A; Reynoso-Palomar, A; Olivares-Pérez, J; Ortega-Vargas, S; Cruz-Mendoza, I; Quiroz-Romero, H

    2015-07-01

    The motility parameters of Fasciola hepatica miracidia were assessed at different temperatures and times post-hatching using computer-assisted sperm analysis. Eggs were incubated at 22 °C or 25 °C for 14 days. Five motion parameters were evaluated at different incubation temperatures up to 10 h post-hatching. No differences were observed in the percentage that hatched after incubation at the two different temperatures. However, the straight-line velocity of miracidia following incubation at 22 °C was significantly different from that observed at 25 °C (P< 0.01). All miracidium motion parameters at different post-hatching temperatures showed an overall decrease at the end of the experiment. Those miracidia hatching from eggs incubated at 25 °C had a higher velocity of 1673.3 μm/s compared with 1553.3 μm/s at 22 °C. Velocity parameters increased as the post-hatching temperature increased from 22 °C to 37 °C.

  7. Evaluation of the Computer-assisted Speech Perception Assessment Test (CASPA).

    PubMed

    Mackersie, C L; Boothroyd, A; Minniear, D

    2001-09-01

    Interlist equivalency and short-term practice effects were evaluated for the recorded stimuli of the Computer-Assisted Speech Perception Assessment (CASPA) Test. Twenty lists, each consisting of 10 consonant-vowel-consonant words, were administered to 20 adults with normal hearing. The lists were presented at 50 dB SPL (Leq) in the presence of spectrally matched steady-state noise (55 dB SPL Leq). Phoneme recognition scores for the first list presented were significantly lower than for the second through the twentieth list presented, indicating a small practice effect. Phoneme scores for 4 of the lists (3, 6, 7, and 16) were significantly higher than scores for the remaining 16 lists by approximately 10 percentage points. Eliminating the effects of interlist differences reduced the 95 percent confidence interval of a test score based on a single list from 18.4 to 16.1 percentage points. Although interlist differences have only a small effect on confidence limits, some clinicians may wish to eliminate them by excluding lists 3, 6, 7, and 16 from the test. The practice effect observed here can be eliminated by administering one 10-word practice list before beginning the test.

  8. Assessment of solar driven TiO2-assisted photocatalysis efficiency on amoxicillin degradation.

    PubMed

    Pereira, João H O S; Reis, Ana C; Nunes, Olga C; Borges, Maria T; Vilar, Vítor J P; Boaventura, Rui A R

    2014-01-01

    The objective of this work was to evaluate the efficiency of a solar TiO2-assisted photocatalytic process on amoxicillin (AMX) degradation, an antibiotic widely used in human and veterinary medicine. Firstly, solar photolysis of AMX was compared with solar photocatalysis in a compound parabolic collectors pilot scale photoreactor to assess the amount of accumulated UV energy in the system (Q UV) necessary to remove 20 mg L(-1) AMX from aqueous solution and mineralize the intermediary by-products. Another experiment was also carried out to accurately follow the antibacterial activity against Escherichia coli DSM 1103 and Staphylococcus aureus DSM 1104 and mineralization of AMX by tracing the contents of dissolved organic carbon (DOC), low molecular weight carboxylate anions, and inorganic anions. Finally, the influence of individual inorganic ions on AMX photocatalytic degradation efficiency and the involvement of some reactive oxygen species were also assessed. Photolysis was shown to be completely ineffective, while only 3.1 kJUV L(-1) was sufficient to fully degrade 20 mg L(-1) AMX and remove 61% of initial DOC content in the presence of the photocatalyst and sunlight. In the experiment with an initial AMX concentration of 40 mg L(-1), antibacterial activity of the solution was considerably reduced after elimination of AMX to levels below the respective detection limit. After 11.7 kJUV L(-1), DOC decreased by 71%; 30% of the AMX nitrogen was converted into ammonium and all sulfur compounds were converted into sulfate. A large percentage of the remaining DOC was in the form of low molecular weight carboxylic acids. Presence of phosphate ions promoted the removal of AMX from solution, while no sizeable effects on the kinetics were found for other inorganic ions. Although the AMX degradation was mainly attributed to hydroxyl radicals, singlet oxygen also plays an important role in AMX self-photosensitization under UV/visible solar light.

  9. An assistive controller for a lower-limb exoskeleton for rehabilitation after stroke, and preliminary assessment thereof.

    PubMed

    Murray, Spencer A; Ha, Kevin H; Goldfarb, Michael

    2014-01-01

    This paper describes a novel controller, intended for use in a lower-limb exoskeleton, to aid gait rehabilitation in patients with hemiparesis after stroke. The controller makes use of gravity compensation, feedforward movement assistance, and reinforcement of isometric joint torques to achieve assistance without dictating the spatiotemporal nature of joint movement. The patient is allowed to self-select walking speed and is able to make trajectory adaptations to maintain balance without interference from the controller. The governing equations and the finite state machine which comprise the system are described herein. The control architecture was implemented in a lower-limb exoskeleton and a preliminary experimental assessment was conducted in which a patient with hemiparesis resulting from stroke walked with assistance from the exoskeleton. The patient exhibited improvements in fast gait speed, step length asymmetry, and stride length in each session, as measured before and after exoskeleton training, presumably as a result of using the exoskeleton.

  10. Assessing the Effectiveness of Learning Solid Geometry by Using an Augmented Reality-Assisted Learning System

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lin, Hao-Chiang Koong; Chen, Mei-Chi; Chang, Chih-Kai

    2015-01-01

    This study integrates augmented reality (AR) technology into teaching activities to design a learning system that assists junior high-school students in learning solid geometry. The following issues are addressed: (1) the relationship between achievements in mathematics and performance in spatial perception; (2) whether system-assisted learning…

  11. Four Models of Assistive Technology Consideration: How Do They Compare to Recommended Educational Assessment Practices?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Watts, Emily H.; O'Brian, Mary; Wojcik, Brian W.

    2004-01-01

    Although the concept of assistive technology has been around for some time in the fields of study for rehabilitation, communication as it relates to speech and language (Bryant & Bryant, 2003; Church & Glennen, 1992) and medicine (Porter, Haynie, Bierle, Caldwell, & Palfrey, 2001), assistive technology pedagogy is relatively new to the field of…

  12. An Auditory BCI System for Assisting CRS-R Behavioral Assessment in Patients with Disorders of Consciousness

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Xiao, Jun; Xie, Qiuyou; He, Yanbin; Yu, Tianyou; Lu, Shenglin; Huang, Ningmeng; Yu, Ronghao; Li, Yuanqing

    2016-09-01

    The Coma Recovery Scale-Revised (CRS-R) is a consistent and sensitive behavioral assessment standard for disorders of consciousness (DOC) patients. However, the CRS-R has limitations due to its dependence on behavioral markers, which has led to a high rate of misdiagnosis. Brain-computer interfaces (BCIs), which directly detect brain activities without any behavioral expression, can be used to evaluate a patient’s state. In this study, we explored the application of BCIs in assisting CRS-R assessments of DOC patients. Specifically, an auditory passive EEG-based BCI system with an oddball paradigm was proposed to facilitate the evaluation of one item of the auditory function scale in the CRS-R – the auditory startle. The results obtained from five healthy subjects validated the efficacy of the BCI system. Nineteen DOC patients participated in the CRS-R and BCI assessments, of which three patients exhibited no responses in the CRS-R assessment but were responsive to auditory startle in the BCI assessment. These results revealed that a proportion of DOC patients who have no behavioral responses in the CRS-R assessment can generate neural responses, which can be detected by our BCI system. Therefore, the proposed BCI may provide more sensitive results than the CRS-R and thus assist CRS-R behavioral assessments.

  13. An Auditory BCI System for Assisting CRS-R Behavioral Assessment in Patients with Disorders of Consciousness

    PubMed Central

    Xiao, Jun; Xie, Qiuyou; He, Yanbin; Yu, Tianyou; Lu, Shenglin; Huang, Ningmeng; Yu, Ronghao; Li, Yuanqing

    2016-01-01

    The Coma Recovery Scale-Revised (CRS-R) is a consistent and sensitive behavioral assessment standard for disorders of consciousness (DOC) patients. However, the CRS-R has limitations due to its dependence on behavioral markers, which has led to a high rate of misdiagnosis. Brain-computer interfaces (BCIs), which directly detect brain activities without any behavioral expression, can be used to evaluate a patient’s state. In this study, we explored the application of BCIs in assisting CRS-R assessments of DOC patients. Specifically, an auditory passive EEG-based BCI system with an oddball paradigm was proposed to facilitate the evaluation of one item of the auditory function scale in the CRS-R – the auditory startle. The results obtained from five healthy subjects validated the efficacy of the BCI system. Nineteen DOC patients participated in the CRS-R and BCI assessments, of which three patients exhibited no responses in the CRS-R assessment but were responsive to auditory startle in the BCI assessment. These results revealed that a proportion of DOC patients who have no behavioral responses in the CRS-R assessment can generate neural responses, which can be detected by our BCI system. Therefore, the proposed BCI may provide more sensitive results than the CRS-R and thus assist CRS-R behavioral assessments. PMID:27620348

  14. Does Adviser Mentoring Add Value? A Longitudinal Study of Mentoring and Doctoral Student Outcomes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Paglis, Laura L.; Green, Stephen G.; Bauer, Talya N.

    2006-01-01

    This study of the impact of doctoral adviser mentoring on student outcomes was undertaken in response to earlier research that found (a) students with greater incoming potential received more adviser mentoring, and (b) adviser mentoring did not significantly contribute to important student outcomes, including research productivity [Green, S. G.,…

  15. Educational Improvement through Academic Advising: Advisor Attitudes and Practices That Make a Difference.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Frost, Susan H.

    The study examined the advising attitudes and practices of faculty members identified as developmental advisors at two women's liberal arts colleges. Developmental advising, as distinguished from prescriptive advising, was defined as a relationship based on shared responsibility in which students participate in the academic planning process.…

  16. Using a 360-Degree Appraisal Approach to Re-Design Advising Programs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maples, Glenn; Harris, Bette; Greco, Anna M.

    2010-01-01

    Over the past 30 years, researchers have repeatedly demonstrated the need to improve academic advising. Nonetheless, at many Universities academic advising remains a neglected endeavor--poorly measured, managed and rewarded. This paper considers the implementation of an academic advising program which parallels the 360-Degree feedback approach…

  17. Defining the Role of Academic Advising in the Institutional Setting: The Next Phase.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Trombley, Toni; Holmes, David

    1981-01-01

    Environmental factors that will affect academic advising in the 1980s, appropriate goals, and suggestions on how to affect change are discussed. Because evidence shows that academic advising, student retention, and institutional stability are strongly linked, the future of academic advising is seen as bright, with institutions elevating its…

  18. Academic Advising in Individualized Major Programs: Promoting the Three I's of General Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Egan, Kevin

    2015-01-01

    Academic advisers play an important role in making general education relevant and meaningful to student learning by helping to facilitate the three I's of general education: inter-disciplinarity, integration, and intentionality. This essay argues that the "advising as learning" model of academic advising embodies the kinds of advising…

  19. Getting What They Want: Aligning Student Expectations of Advising with Perceived Advisor Behaviors

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anderson, Whitney; Motto, Justin S.; Bourdeaux, Renee

    2014-01-01

    Maintaining effective undergraduate academic advising programs that meet the needs of students is an ongoing challenge for universities across the country. Using expectancy violations theory as a lens, this study argues that student satisfaction with advising is linked to alignment between student expectations of the advising process and perceived…

  20. Academic Advising as a Comprehensive Campus Process. Monograph Series, No. 2.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Glennen, Robert E., Ed.; Vowell, Faye N., Ed.

    The 22 papers of this monograph review academic advising from the perspective of three types of campus activities: administrative support services, academic advising services, and student support services. The papers include: (1) "Obtaining Presidential Support for Advising" (Robert E. Glennen); (2) "Faculty Affairs" (David H. Goldenberg and Steve…

  1. Reconnecting: A Phenomenological Study of Transition within a Shared Model of Academic Advising

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barker, Shane; Mamiseishvili, Ketevan

    2014-01-01

    This study explored students' experiences of transition from centralized, professional advising to decentralized, faculty-based advising within a shared advising model at a public research university. Data were collected via focus groups and interviews from 17 participants and examined using phenomenological analysis. Four fundamental themes were…

  2. 78 FR 42122 - Bridge Builder Trust and Olive Street Investment Advisers, LLC; Notice of Application

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-15

    ... COMMISSION Bridge Builder Trust and Olive Street Investment Advisers, LLC; Notice of Application July 9, 2013... requirements. APPLICANTS: Bridge Builder Trust (the ``Trust'') and Olive Street Investment Advisers (the.... Neuberger, 2020 East Financial Way, Suite 100, Glendora, CA 91741; The Adviser: James A. Tricarico,...

  3. Expanding Research in Academic Advising: Methodological Strategies to Engage Advisors in Research

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aiken-Wisniewski, Sharon A.; Smith, Joshua S.; Troxel, Wendy G.

    2010-01-01

    Research in academic advising has traditionally been conducted and disseminated by faculty researchers, graduate students, and higher education administrators (including advising directors). While significant in developing a body of literature to guide academic advising, the sources of the contribution also suggest that the frontline advisor does…

  4. Computer-assisted behavioral assessment of Pavlovian fear conditioning in mice.

    PubMed

    Anagnostaras, S G; Josselyn, S A; Frankland, P W; Silva, A J

    2000-01-01

    In Pavlovian fear conditioning, a conditional stimulus (CS, usually a tone) is paired with an aversive unconditional stimulus (US, usually a foot shock) in a novel context. After even a single pairing, the animal comes to exhibit a long-lasting fear to the CS and the conditioning context, which can be measured as freezing, an adaptive defense reaction in mice. Both context and tone conditioning depend on the integrity of the amygdala, and context conditioning further depends on the hippocampus. The reliability and efficiency of the fear conditioning assay makes it an excellent candidate for the screening of learning and memory deficits in mutant mice. One obstacle is that freezing in mice has been accurately quantified only by human observers, using a tedious method that can be subject to bias. In the present study we generated a simple, high-speed, and highly accurate algorithm that scores freezing of four mice simultaneously using NIH Image on an ordinary Macintosh computer. The algorithm yielded a high correlation and excellent linear fit between computer and human scores across a broad range of conditions. This included the ability to score low pretraining baseline scores and accurately mimic the effects of two independent variables (shock intensity and test modality) on fear. Because we used a computer and digital video, we were able to acquire a secondary index of fear, activity suppression, as well as baseline activity scores. Moreover, we measured the unconditional response to shock. These additional measures can enhance the sensitivity of the assay to detect interesting memory phenotypes and control for possible confounds. Thus, this computer-assisted system for measuring behavior during fear conditioning allows for the standardized and carefully controlled assessment of multiple aspects of the fear conditioning experience.

  5. State of the art in computer-assisted planning, intervention, and assessment of liver-tumor ablation.

    PubMed

    Schumann, Christian; Rieder, Christian; Bieberstein, Jennifer; Weihusen, Andreas; Zidowitz, Stephan; Moltz, Jan Hendrik; Preusser, Tobias

    2010-01-01

    Percutaneous, image-guided thermal tumor ablation procedures are used increasingly for minimally invasive, local treatment of tumors in the liver. The planning of these procedures; the support of targeting, monitoring, and controlling during the intervention itself; and the assessment of the treatment response can all benefit significantly from computer assistance. The outcome can be optimized by supporting the physician in the process of determining an intervention strategy that enables complete destruction of the targeted tumor while reducing the danger of complications. During the intervention, computer-assisted methods can be used to guide the physician in the implementation of the intended strategy by providing planning information. Assessment of the intervention result is carried out by comparison of the achieved coagulation with the target tumor volume. Supporting this comparison facilitates the early detection of potential recurrences. This report provides an overview of state-of-the-art computer-assisted methods for the support of thermal tumor ablations in the liver. Proper approaches for image segmentation, access-path determination, simulation, visualization, interventional guidance, and post-interventional assessment, as well as integrated work flow-oriented solutions, are reviewed with respect to technical aspects and applicability in the clinical setting.

  6. A pilot with computer-assisted psychosocial risk –assessment for refugees

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Background Refugees experience multiple health and social needs. This requires an integrated approach to care in the countries of resettlement, including Canada. Perhaps, interactive eHealth tools could build bridges between medical and social care in a timely manner. The authors developed and piloted a multi-risk Computer-assisted Psychosocial Risk Assessment (CaPRA) tool for Afghan refugees visiting a community health center. The iPad based CaPRA survey was completed by the patients in their own language before seeing the medical practitioner. The computer then generated individualized feedback for the patient and provider with suggestions about available services. Methods A pilot randomized trial was conducted with adult Afghan refugees who could read Dari/Farsi or English language. Consenting patients were randomly assigned to the CaPRA (intervention) or usual care (control) group. All patients completed a paper-pencil exit survey. The primary outcome was patient intention to see a psychosocial counselor. The secondary outcomes were patient acceptance of the tool and visit satisfaction. Results Out of 199 approached patients, 64 were eligible and 50 consented and one withdrew (CaPRA = 25; usual care = 24). On average, participants were 37.6 years of age and had lived 3.4 years in Canada. Seventy-two percent of participants in CaPRA group had intention to visit a psychosocial counselor, compared to 46 % in usual care group [X2 (1)=3.47, p = 0.06]. On a 5-point scale, CaPRA group participants agreed with the benefits of the tool (mean = 4) and were ‘unsure’ about possible barriers to interact with the clinicians (mean = 2.8) or to privacy of information (mean = 2.8) in CaPRA mediated visits. On a 5-point scale, the two groups were alike in patient satisfaction (mean = 4.3). Conclusion The studied eHealth tool offers a promising model to integrate medical and social care to address the health and settlement needs of refugees

  7. Advising Time Inventory: Consequences of the General College Individualized Baccalaureate Degree Program on Faculty Advising, Activities, and Academic Load. The General College Studies, Volume XV, Number 2.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hansen, Evelyn Unes

    In order to determine if the recently instituted, individualized baccalaureate (BA) degree program at General College had affected the time spent in, and the nature and scope of faculty advising, this study identified how much "real time" was spent by faculty in advising, with whom, and on what kinds of activities. During the winter quarter, 1978,…

  8. Computer assisted echocardiographic assessment of left ventricular function before and after anatomical correction of transposition of the great arteries.

    PubMed Central

    Arensman, F W; Radley-Smith, R; Grieve, L; Gibson, D G; Yacoub, M H

    1986-01-01

    Left ventricular function before and after anatomical correction of transposition of the great arteries was assessed by computer assisted analysis of 78 echocardiographs from 27 patients obtained one year before to five years after operation. Sixteen patients had simple transposition, and 11 had complex transposition with additional large ventricular septal defect. Immediately after correction mean shortening fraction fell from 46(9)% to 33(8)%. There was a corresponding drop in normalised peak shortening rate from 5.4(3.7) to 3.3(1.1) s-1 and normal septal motion was usually absent. Systolic shortening fraction increased with time after correction and left ventricular end diastolic diameter increased appropriately for age. The preoperative rate of free wall thickening was significantly higher in simple (5.6(2.8) s-1) and complex transposition (4.5(1.8) s-1) than in controls (2.9(0.8) s-1). After operation these values remained high in both the short and long term. Thus, computer assisted analysis of left ventricular dimensions and their rates of change before and after anatomical correction showed only slight postoperative changes which tended to become normal with time. Septal motion was commonly absent after operation. This was associated with an increase in the rate of posterior wall thickening that suggested normal ventricular function associated with an altered contraction pattern. Computer assisted echocardiographic analysis may be helpful in the long term assessment of ventricular function after operation for various heart abnormalities. PMID:3942650

  9. Process waste assessment approach, training and technical assistance for DOE contractors; FY93 report, ADS {number_sign}35303C

    SciTech Connect

    Pemberton, S

    1994-03-01

    The Department of Energy (DOE) and its contractors are faced with a large waste management problem as are other industries. One of the tools used in a successful waste minimization pollution prevention (WMin/P2) program is a process waste assessment (PWA). The purpose of this project was to share the Kansas City Plant`s (KCP`s) PWA expertise with other DOE personnel and DOE contractors. This consisted of two major activities: (1) The KCP`s PWA graded approach methodology was modified with the assistance of DOE/Defense Program`s laboratories, and (2) PWA training and technical assistance were provided to interested DOE personnel and DOE contractors. This report documents the FY93 efforts, lesson learned, and future plans for both PWA-related activities.

  10. The Effect of Peer-Assisted Mediation vs. Tutor-Intervention within Dynamic Assessment Framework on Writing Development of Iranian Intermediate EFL Learners

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Erfani, Shiva Seyed; Nikbin, Sareh

    2015-01-01

    Dynamic assessment originates in the Zone of Proximal Development (ZPD). Practicing dynamic assessment necessarily requires the development of ZPD. This study aimed to investigate the effect of peer-assisted mediation vs. tutor-intervention within dynamic assessment framework on writing development and the attitude of Iranian intermediate EFL…

  11. Sediment Profile Imagery as a Toll to Assist Benthic Assessment and Benthic Habitat Mapping

    EPA Science Inventory

    The U.S. EPA Atlantic Ecology Division and the Southern California Coastal Water Research Project (SCCWRP) collaborated in 2008 to explore the use of sediment profile imagery as a tool to assist environmental management, capturing multiple images at each of over 100 stations at a...

  12. How Can We Assess Computer-Assisted Reading and Writing Instruction?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Krauthamer, Helene

    This paper addresses the lack of evaluative resources for computer-assisted reading and writing instruction (CARWI). It begins by discussing the benefits, drawbacks, and effectiveness of computer-based instruction. It then describes types of CARWI packages, including: (1) writing process software; (2) electronic handbooks; (3) interactive…

  13. Quicker Method for Assessing Influences on Teaching Assistant Buy-In and Practices in Reformed Courses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilcox, Matthew; Yang, Yuehai; Chini, Jacquelyn J.

    2016-01-01

    Teaching assistants (TAs) that lead reformed recitations and labs must understand and buy into the design of the course and the research-based instructional strategies that the course requires in order to create high-fidelity implementations. We present a model that outlines possible influences on TAs' buy-in and their in-class actions coupled…

  14. Assessing Effectiveness of Students Taking a Right Stand (STARS) Nashville Student Assistance Programs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kanu, Mohamed; Hepler, Nancy; Labi, Halima

    2015-01-01

    Background: Since 1984, Students Taking a Right Stand (STARS) Nashville has implemented Student Assistance Programs (SAPs) in the middle Tennessee area, to include 14 counties and 16 school districts. STARS Nashville serves K-12 with a focus in middle and high schools. Methods: The current study reviewed studies that utilized quasi-experimental…

  15. Selecting Resident Assistants: The Relationship between Candidate Assessment and Job Performance

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Berg, Stephen A.; Stoner, James C.

    2016-01-01

    Selecting resident assistants is integral to the success of housing operations on college and university campuses. Recruiting high-performing student staff is a priority in achieving departmental goals. Despite the importance of this process and the amount of time and resources expended during selection, there is scarce research investigating the…

  16. A Case for Assessing Motivation from Learning a Computer-Assisted Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    ChanLin, Lih-Juan

    The purpose of this paper is to report specific motivational requirements within each motivation category of Keller's ARCS (Attention, Relevance, Confidence, Satisfaction) model (1991) based on data collected on students' reactions to a computer-assisted learning lesson that incorporated motivational strategies in its design. Interview techniques…

  17. Computer Assisted Project-Based Instruction: The Effects on Science Achievement, Computer Achievement and Portfolio Assessment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Erdogan, Yavuz; Dede, Dinçer

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to compare the effects of computer assisted project-based instruction on learners' achievement in a science and technology course, in a computer course and in portfolio development. With this aim in mind, a quasi-experimental design was used and a sample of 70 seventh grade secondary school students from Org. Esref…

  18. A Survey to Capture Needs Assessment for Graduate Teaching Assistant Training

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sohoni, Sohum; Cho, Yoonjung; French, Donald P.

    2013-01-01

    Graduate teaching assistants (GTAs) often teach the majority of contact hours within engineering with little pedagogical knowledge. To plan efficient professional development for GTAs to address this, we created and administered a survey to measure the perceived importance of GTAs' roles and responsibilities. GTAs, faculty, and students rated the…

  19. Scaffolding and Integrated Assessment in Computer Assisted Learning (CAL) for Children with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beale, Ivan L.

    2005-01-01

    Computer assisted learning (CAL) can involve a computerised intelligent learning environment, defined as an environment capable of automatically, dynamically and continuously adapting to the learning context. One aspect of this adaptive capability involves automatic adjustment of instructional procedures in response to each learner's performance,…

  20. Video as a strategy to evaluate and assist clinical teachers with student assessment.

    PubMed

    Kevin, Jim; Downie, Judith; Kendall, Sharon

    2007-01-01

    The assessment of the clinical competence of nursing students requires expertise in nursing as well as skills in student assessment. The development of these student assessment skills is dependent on the preparation of the clinical teacher. The results of this pilot study indicate that video can be one successful tool in evaluating the assessment skills of clinical teachers. Video also may be useful as a staff development tool by providing a nonthreatening way for clinical teachers to familiarize themselves with clinical assessment. In turn, this will have benefits for universities and students by ensuring consistency of clinical assessment by clinical teachers.

  1. EURISOL Desktop Assistant Toolkit (EDAT): A modeling, simulation and visualization support to the preliminary radiological assessment of RIB projects

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vamanu, D.; Vamanu, B.; Acasandrei, V.; Maceika, E.; Plukis, A.

    2010-04-01

    The paper describes an approach taken within the EURISOL-DS project (European Isotope Separation Online Radioactive Ion Beam Facility) to a number of safety and radioprotection issues raised by the advent of radioactive ion beam facilities in the cutting edge area of particle accelerators. The ensuing solution emerged from a collaborative effort of the investigating team-in-charge, affiliated with the Horia Hulubei National Institute of Physics and Nuclear Engineering in Bucharest, with expert colleagues at the Physics Institute in Vilnius, and at CERN, within the participation in the EURISOL-DS project, Sub-Task B: Radiation, Activation, Shielding and Doses of the Safety and Radioprotection, Task 5. The work was primarily geared towards the identification of knowledge and data in line with validated, accepted and nationally/internationally recommended methods and models of radiological assessment applied within the nuclear power fuel cycle, deemed to be suitable for assessing health and environmental impact of accelerator operations as well. As a result, a computer software platform code-named “EURISOL Desktop Assistant Toolkit” was developed. The software is, inter alia, capable to assess radiation doses from pure or isotopically mixed open or shielded point sources; emergency response-relevant doses; critical group doses via complex pathways, including the air, the water, and the food chain and derived release limits for the normal, routine operations of nuclear facilities. Dedicated data libraries and GIS (Geographic Information System) facilities assist the input/output operations.

  2. Testing Speech Recognition in Spanish-English Bilingual Children with the Computer-Assisted Speech Perception Assessment (CASPA): Initial Report.

    PubMed

    García, Paula B; Rosado Rogers, Lydia; Nishi, Kanae

    2016-01-01

    This study evaluated the English version of Computer-Assisted Speech Perception Assessment (E-CASPA) with Spanish-English bilingual children. E-CASPA has been evaluated with monolingual English speakers ages 5 years and older, but it is unknown whether a separate norm is necessary for bilingual children. Eleven Spanish-English bilingual and 12 English monolingual children (6 to 12 years old) with normal hearing participated. Responses were scored by word, phoneme, consonant, and vowel. Regardless of scores, performance across three signal-to-noise ratio conditions was similar between groups, suggesting that the same norm can be used for both bilingual and monolingual children.

  3. Faculty advising in nursing education: necessary evil or opportunity for excellence?

    PubMed

    Diaz Swearingen, Connie; Hayes, Janice

    2009-01-01

    Understanding the components of faculty workload is critical to recruitment and retention of nurse educators and to success and sustainability of nursing education programs. The role of faculty advisors has been linked to student retention and success in nursing undergraduate education. Despite the importance of academic advising, there is a paucity of research examining the impact of advising on the workload of nurse educators. When faculty roles, such as academic advising, are ostensibly valued by the institution and result in higher levels of student success, but are unrecognized and unrewarded as part of the workload formula, faculty stress and burnout can result. Recommendations for faculty advising are offered, based on current evidence regarding the importance of faculty advising and the impact of advising on the workload of nurse educators. Implications for redefining nursing faculty workload formulas are discussed.

  4. Assessment of the relationship of government spending on social assistance programs with Brazilian macroeconomic variables

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    de Senna, Viviane; Souza, Adriano Mendonça

    2016-11-01

    Since the 1988 Federal Constitution social assistance has become a duty of the State and a right to everyone, guaranteeing the population a dignified life. To ensure these rights federal government has created programs that can supply the main needs of people in extreme poverty. Among the programs that provide social assistance to the population, the best known are the "Bolsa Família" Program - PBF and the Continuous Cash Benefit - Continuous Cash Benefit - BPC. This research's main purpose is to analyze the relationship between the main macroeconomic variables and the Federal government spending on social welfare policy in the period from January 2004 to August 2014. The used methodologies are the Vector auto regression model - VAR and Error Correction Vector - VEC. The conclusion, was that there is a meaningful relationship between macroeconomic variables and social assistance programs. This indicates that if the government takes a more abrupt resolution in changing the existing programs it will result in fluctuations in the main macroeconomic variables interfering with the stability of Brazilian domestic economy up to twelve months.

  5. Advising Success: Lessons from American Military Assistance Efforts Since World War II

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-12-01

    adequate supply of Special Forces personnel who were Spanish speakers and familiar with the Central American region if not El Salvador in particular...Frequent interaction with many countries in the region gave the American military and policymakers familiarity with the regional issues, and a...The time required to familiarize a new advisor to the environment is time spent at less than optimal capability. In El Salvador, the 90-180 day

  6. Renal function after low central venous pressure-assisted liver resection: assessment of 2116 cases

    PubMed Central

    Correa-Gallego, Camilo; Berman, Alexandra; Denis, Stephanie C; Langdon-Embry, Liana; O'Connor, David; Arslan-Carlon, Vittoria; Kingham, T Peter; D'Angelica, Michael I; Allen, Peter J; Fong, Yuman; DeMatteo, Ronald P; Jarnagin, William R; Melendez, Jose; Fischer, Mary

    2015-01-01

    Objectives Low central venous pressure (LCVP)-assisted hepatectomy is associated with decreased blood loss and lower transfusion rates. Concerns about its impact on renal function have prevented widespread application. This study was conducted to review the dynamics of renal function after LCVP-assisted hepatectomy. Methods A retrospective analysis of a prospective surgical database was carried out. Estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was calculated using the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) equation. The RIFLE (risk–injury–failure–loss–end-stage) criteria were used to define postoperative biochemical acute kidney injury (bAKI). Occurrences of clinically relevant AKI (cAKI) were identified in the study center postoperative database. Results During the period 2003–2012, 2116 LCVP-assisted hepatectomies were performed. The median patient age was 61 years [interquartile range (IQR): 51–70 years] and 51% of patients were male. The median number of resected segments was two; resections involved from one to four segments. Median estimated blood loss was 300 ml (IQR: 200–600 ml). Rates of morbidity and 90-day mortality were 21% and 2%, respectively. Low baseline eGFR (<90 ml/min) was seen in 84% of patients; 29% of patients had eGFR of <30 ml/min. Postoperative bAKI was seen in 17% (n = 350) of patients. Biochemical AKI with low eGFR was seen in 336 patients, representing 16% of the whole cohort; 13% of patients had been at risk, 2% experienced injury and 1% experienced failure. Kidney function had normalized at discharge in 159 of these patients. Nine patients (<1%) developed postoperative cAKI. Conclusions The majority of patients in the study cohort had low baseline eGFR. Biochemical alterations in eGFR are transient in the vast majority of patients after LCVP-assisted hepatectomy and their clinical impact is limited. The present data suggest that clinically relevant renal dysfunction is a very uncommon event in patients

  7. Robot-assisted home hazard assessment for fall prevention: a feasibility study.

    PubMed

    Sadasivam, Rajani S; Luger, Tana M; Coley, Heather L; Taylor, Benjamin B; Padir, Taskin; Ritchie, Christine S; Houston, Thomas K

    2014-01-01

    We examined the feasibility of using a remotely manoeuverable robot to make home hazard assessments for fall prevention. We employed use-case simulations to compare robot assessments with in-person assessments. We screened the homes of nine elderly patients (aged 65 years or more) for fall risks using the HEROS screening assessment. We also assessed the participants' perspectives of the remotely-operated robot in a survey. The nine patients had a median Short Blessed Test score of 8 (interquartile range, IQR 2-20) and a median Life-Space Assessment score of 46 (IQR 27-75). Compared to the in-person assessment (mean = 4.2 hazards identified per participant), significantly more home hazards were perceived in the robot video assessment (mean = 7.0). Only two checklist items (adequate bedroom lighting and a clear path from bed to bathroom) had more than 60% agreement between in-person and robot video assessment. Participants were enthusiastic about the robot and did not think it violated their privacy. The study found little agreement between the in-person and robot video hazard assessments. However, it identified several research questions about how to best use remotely-operated robots.

  8. ADVISE: First Results of a European Interoperative Information System Network Developed for the ADenoVirus Initiative Study in Epidemiology.

    PubMed

    Toubiana, Laurent; Riquier, Jérémie; Duquesroix, Brigitte

    2015-01-01

    Adenoviral conjunctivitis is extremely contagious, causes a form of conjunctivitis. Therefore, it is important to identify patients who suffer from adenoviral conjunctivitis, as early as possible, in order to contain the disease. We present the 6 independent but interoperable platforms developed for the purpose of a large European epidemiologic study (ADVISE), which has been implemented independently in France, Germany, Spain, Italy and the UK. ADVISE is a non-interventional, observational epidemiology study with the objectives of assessing clinical characteristics and incidence of adenovirus conjunctivitis. One of the challenges faced in developing this network of European epidemiology platforms has been the multilingual context. Actually, we have established independent platforms fully dedicated to each of the participating countries. Similar protocols have been submitted across these countries, allowing individual and pooled analyses of the data. A standardized questionnaire is used to collect patient ocular medical history. The electronic questionnaire contains 151 items with automatic coherence control. The first platform ADVISE was set up in France. Development, evaluation and validation of this platform were carried out between January and July 2013. The Medical Informatics and Knowledge Engineering Laboratory (LIMICS), proposes through this project, a tool that allows the installation and application of epidemiologic monitoring in any part of the world.

  9. Development and deployment of the Computer Assisted Neighborhood Visual Assessment System (CANVAS) to measure health-related neighborhood conditions.

    PubMed

    Bader, Michael D M; Mooney, Stephen J; Lee, Yeon Jin; Sheehan, Daniel; Neckerman, Kathryn M; Rundle, Andrew G; Teitler, Julien O

    2015-01-01

    Public health research has shown that neighborhood conditions are associated with health behaviors and outcomes. Systematic neighborhood audits have helped researchers measure neighborhood conditions that they deem theoretically relevant but not available in existing administrative data. Systematic audits, however, are expensive to conduct and rarely comparable across geographic regions. We describe the development of an online application, the Computer Assisted Neighborhood Visual Assessment System (CANVAS), that uses Google Street View to conduct virtual audits of neighborhood environments. We use this system to assess the inter-rater reliability of 187 items related to walkability and physical disorder on a national sample of 150 street segments in the United States. We find that many items are reliably measured across auditors using CANVAS and that agreement between auditors appears to be uncorrelated with neighborhood demographic characteristics. Based on our results we conclude that Google Street View and CANVAS offer opportunities to develop greater comparability across neighborhood audit studies.

  10. Development and Deployment of the Computer Assisted Neighborhood Visual Assessment System (CANVAS) to Measure Health-Related Neighborhood Conditions

    PubMed Central

    Bader, Michael D. M.; Mooney, Stephen J.; Lee, Yeon Jin; Sheehan, Daniel; Neckerman, Kathryn M.; Rundle, Andrew G.; Teitler, Julien O.

    2014-01-01

    Public health research has shown that neighborhood conditions are associated with health behaviors and outcomes. Systematic neighborhood audits have helped researchers measure neighborhood conditions that they deem theoretically relevant but not available in existing administrative data. Systematic audits, however, are expensive to conduct and rarely comparable across geographic regions. We describe the development of an online application, the Computer Assisted Neighborhood Visual Assessment System (CANVAS), that uses Google Street View to conduct virtual audits of neighborhood environments. We use this system to assess the inter-rater reliability of 187 items related to walkability and physical disorder on a national sample of 150 street segments in the United States. We find that many items are reliably measured across auditors using CANVAS and that agreement between auditors appears to be uncorrelated with neighborhood demographic characteristics. Based on our results we conclude that Google Street View and CANVAS offer opportunities to develop greater comparability across neighborhood audit studies. PMID:25545769

  11. Radionuclide assessment of left ventricular function in patients requiring intraoperative balloon pump assistance

    SciTech Connect

    Davies, R.A.; Laks, H.; Wackers, F.J.; Berger, H.J.; Williams, B.; Hammond, G.L.; Geha, A.S.; Gottschalk, A.; Zaret, B.L.

    1982-02-01

    Twenty-three surviving patients who were weaned from cardiopulmonary bypass with intraaortic balloon pump assistance returned for follow-up radionuclide left ventricular (LV) function and thallium 201 perfusion studies at a mean of 23 +/- 3 months following operation. It was found that despite profound intraoperative myocardial depression requiring intraaortic balloon assistance, 13 patients had no change (within 10%) in the resting LV ejection fraction compared with the preoperative measurement. Among all 23 patients, there was no difference between mean (+/- standard error of the mean) preoperative and postoperative resting LV ejection fraction (48 +/- 4 vs 46 +/- 4%, p . not significant (NS)). Only 11 patients had perioperative myocardial infarction documented by new Q waves in the electrocardiogram, by elevation of creatine kinase-MB fraction, or by defects on thallium 201 imaging not explained by documented myocardial infarction before operation. Overall, postoperative resting LV ejection fraction was not different from the preoperative value in patients with perioperative myocardial infarction (44 +/- 7 vs 47 +/- 5%, p . NS). Postoperative resting LV ejection fraction rose by greater than 10% compared with preoperative values in 4 patients (3 with aortic valve replacement), remained within the 10% limit in 9 patients, and fell by greater than 10% in 10 patients (7 with perioperative myocardial infarction). Only 4 out of 16 patients studied at follow-up with exercise radionuclide studies demonstrated a normal LV response to exercise (greater than 5% increase in LV ejection fraction). Thus, among survivors requiring intraaortic balloon pump assistance for weaning from cardiopulmonary bypass, LV performance at rest is frequently preserved. In addition, 11 of the 23 patients had evidence of perioperative myocardial infarction, indicating a component of reversible intraoperative LV dysfunction.

  12. [Some problems in assessing the quality of rendering medical assistance to people with multiple sclerosis].

    PubMed

    Vlasov, Ia V; Toreeva, E K

    2009-01-01

    To solve the problem of medical and social assistance to people with multiple sclerosis (MS) is possible in employing a system/ comprehensive approach which involves appropriate material basis and appropriate structures, systems, sub-systems with a definite area of their activities and functional interrelations between them. The quality of medical services is a complicated category that is defined by many characteristics. One needs certain equipment to manage in order to obtain the quality while based on the system approach. Experts in the area of quality management inform that, currently, the Russian healthcare is mostly characterized by primary level of quality, which is represented by unsystematic management of the quality and unsystematic (unstable) quality. The methodology of improving the quality is a multistage one. In accordance with the management cycle of Deming-Schuchart or the cycle of PDCA ('P' is for 'plan', 'D' is for 'deed', 'C' is for 'control' and checking the conformity of the result planned to that in the end, and, 'A' is for 'adjustment' of actions depending on the results achieved), the methodology comprises certain problems, an analysis of the system, an action plan development, testing proposed changes in pilot institutions, and practical application in the healthcare system. The article attempts to analyze basic problems and difficulties in setting up medical assistance for a resource-consuming group of patients, by the example of 382 patients with MS, taking into account the experience acquired in a test of application of management systems for medical assistance quality, which is based on international standards (ISO 9000), in order to find possible ways to overcome the existing negative processes and facts.

  13. A Performance Assessment of a Tactical Airborne Separation Assistance System using Realistic, Complex Traffic Flows

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Smith, Jeremy C.; Neitzke, Kurt W.; Bussink, Frank J. L.

    2008-01-01

    This paper presents the results from a study that investigates the performance of aspects of an Airborne Separation Assistance System (ASAS) under varying demand levels using realistic traffic patterns. This study only addresses the tactical aspects of an ASAS using aircraft state data (latitude, longitude, altitude, heading and speed) to detect and resolve projected conflicts. The main focus of this paper is to determine the extent to which sole reliance on the proposed tactical ASAS can maintain aircraft separation at demand levels up to three times current traffic. The effect of mixing ASAS equipped aircraft with non-equipped aircraft that do not have the capability to self-separate is also investigated.

  14. Assessing Language Competence: Guidelines for Assisting Persons with Limited English Proficiency in Research and Clinical Settings.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Acevedo, Marcela C.; Reyes, Carla J.; Annett, Robert D.; Lopez, Edith M.

    2003-01-01

    Current guidelines indicate that therapeutic interactions must be in the client's primary language. This article addresses the ethical dilemmas faced by monolingual clinicians and researchers who must assess the foreign language competence of an interpreter. Guidelines are proposed for assessing language competence of staff in clinical and…

  15. Staff and Student Perceptions of Computer-Assisted Assessment for Physiology Practical Classes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sheader, Elizabeth; Gouldsborough, Ingrid; Grady, Ruth

    2006-01-01

    Effective assessment of laboratory practicals is a challenge for large-size classes. To reduce the administrative burden of staff members without compromising the student learning experience, we utilized dedicated computer software for short-answer question assessment for nearly 300 students and compared it with the more traditional, paper-based…

  16. Assisting Transition to University: Using Assessment as a Formative Learning Tool

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fisher, Ron; Cavanagh, Jillian; Bowles, Angela

    2011-01-01

    This study explores the effectiveness of an intervention involving formative assessment in a first-year core business subject. Students were invited to receive feedback on a draft of their first written assessment during the early weeks of the semester. Consideration is given to the economic and ethical issues raised by the intervention. A…

  17. Numerical simulation of an industrial microwave assisted filter dryer: criticality assessment and optimization.

    PubMed

    Leonelli, Cristina; Veronesi, Paolo; Grisoni, Fabio

    2007-01-01

    Industrial-scale filter dryers, equipped with one or more microwave input ports, have been modelled with the aim of detecting existing criticalities, proposing possible solutions and optimizing the overall system efficiency and treatment homogeneity. Three different loading conditions have been simulated, namely the empty applicator, the applicator partially loaded by both a high-loss and low loss load whose dielectric properties correspond to the one measured on real products. Modeling results allowed for the implementation of improvements to the original design such as the insertion of a wave guide transition and a properly designed pressure window, modification of the microwave inlet's position and orientation, alteration of the nozzles' geometry and distribution, and changing of the cleaning metallic torus dimensions and position. Experimental testing on representative loads, as well as in production sites, allowed for the confirmation of the validity of the implemented improvements, thus showing how numerical simulation can assist the designer in removing critical features and improving equipment performances when moving from conventional heating to hybrid microwave-assisted processing.

  18. The Development of a Formative Scenario-Based Computer Assisted Assessment Tool in Psychology for Teachers: The PePCAA Project

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crisp, Victoria; Ward, Christine

    2008-01-01

    Formative computer assisted assessment has become increasingly attractive in Higher Education where providing useful feedback to large numbers of students can be difficult. However, the nature of such assessments has often been limited to objective questions such as multiple-choice. This paper reports on the development and initial trialling of a…

  19. Barbershop Communications on Prostate Cancer Screening Using Barber Health Advisers

    PubMed Central

    Luque, John S.; Rivers, Brian M.; Gwede, Clement K.; Kambon, Maisha; Green, B. Lee; Meade, Cathy D.

    2013-01-01

    Objective The authors report the outcomes of a community-based, barber health adviser pilot intervention that aims to develop customized educational materials to promote knowledge and awareness of prostate cancer (CaP) and informed decision making about prostate cancer screening (PCS) among a predominantly African American clientele. Method First, the authors implemented a series of learner verification processes with barbershop clients (n = 15) to adapt existing CaP health promotion materials. Following intervention implementation in the barbershop, they conducted structured surveys with barbershop clients (n = 40) to evaluate the intervention. Results Findings from the posttest showed both a significant increase in barbershop clients' self-reported knowledge of CaP and in the likelihood of discussing PCS with a health care provider (p < .001). The client's cultural model of CaP risk factors revealed cultural consensus (eigenratio = 3.3) and mirrored the biomedical model. All clients surveyed reported positively on the contents of the educational materials, and more than half (53%) had discussed CaP at least twice with their barber in the last month. Conclusion Based on the pilot results, the barber-administered intervention was an appropriate and viable communication channel for promoting CaP knowledge and awareness in a priority population, African American men. PMID:20413392

  20. 3D-Assisted Quantitative Assessment of Orbital Volume Using an Open-Source Software Platform in a Taiwanese Population

    PubMed Central

    Shyu, Victor Bong-Hang; Hsu, Chung-En; Chen, Chih-hao; Chen, Chien-Tzung

    2015-01-01

    Orbital volume evaluation is an important part of pre-operative assessments in orbital trauma and congenital deformity patients. The availability of the affordable, open-source software, OsiriX, as a tool for preoperative planning increased the popularity of radiological assessments by the surgeon. A volume calculation method based on 3D volume rendering-assisted region-of-interest computation was used to determine the normal orbital volume in Taiwanese patients after reorientation to the Frankfurt plane. Method one utilized 3D points for intuitive orbital rim outlining. The mean normal orbital volume for left and right orbits was 24.3±1.51 ml and 24.7±1.17 ml in male and 21.0±1.21 ml and 21.1±1.30 ml in female subjects. Another method (method two) based on the bilateral orbital lateral rim was also used to calculate orbital volume and compared with method one. The mean normal orbital volume for left and right orbits was 19.0±1.68 ml and 19.1±1.45 ml in male and 16.0±1.01 ml and 16.1±0.92 ml in female subjects. The inter-rater reliability and intra-rater measurement accuracy between users for both methods was found to be acceptable for orbital volume calculations. 3D-assisted quantification of orbital volume is a feasible technique for orbital volume assessment. The normal orbital volume can be used as controls in cases of unilateral orbital reconstruction with a mean size discrepancy of less than 3.1±2.03% in females and 2.7±1.32% in males. The OsiriX software can be used reliably by the individual surgeon as a comprehensive preoperative planning and imaging tool for orbital volume measurement and computed tomography reorientation. PMID:25774683

  1. Assessing medical residents' usage and perceived needs for personal digital assistants.

    PubMed

    Barrett, James R; Strayer, Scott M; Schubart, Jane R

    2004-02-01

    Health care professionals need information delivery tools for accessing information at the point of patient care. Personal digital assistants (PDAs), or hand-held devices demonstrate great promise as point of care information devices. An earlier study [The Constellation Project: experience and evaluation of personal digital assistants in the clinical environment, in: Proceedings of the 19th Annual Symposium on Computer Applications in Medical Care, 1995, 678] on the use of PDAs at the point of care found that hardware constraints, such as memory capability limited their usefulness, however, they were used frequently for accessing medical references and drug information [The Constellation Project: experience and evaluation of personal digital assistants in the clinical environment, in: Proceedings of the 19th Annual Symposium on Computer Applications in Medical Care, 1995, 678]. Since this study was completed in 1995, hand-held computer technology has advanced rapidly, and between 26 and 50% of physicians currently use PDAs [Physician's use of hand-helds increases from 15% in 1999 to 26% in 2001: Harris interactive poll results, Harris Poll. 8-24-2002 (electronic citation); ACP-ASIM survey finds nearly half of U.S. members use hand-held computers: ACP-ASIM press release, American College of Physicians, 9-3-2002 (electronic citation)]. This use appears higher among residents, with one recent study finding that over two-thirds of family practice residencies use hand-held computers in their training programs [J. Am. Med. Inform. Assoc. 9 (1) (2002) 80]. In this study, we systematically evaluate PDA usage by residents in our institution using quantitative and qualitative methods. Our evaluation included a brief on-line survey of 88 residents in seven residency programs including primary care and specialty practices. The surveys were completed between 26 October 2001 and 30 April 2002. Follow-up interviews with 15 of the surveyed residents were then conducted between 24

  2. Assessing Grant Allocation Methods for Federal Homeland Security Urban Area Assistance Funding

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-12-01

    model, such as directly funding public safety and assessing relative need, could be applied in the United States as a pilot study. Similar to the...security grant program, HSGP, grant allocation factors, risk-based grants, relative risk rankings 15. NUMBER OF PAGES 87 16. PRICE CODE 17...funding public safety and assessing relative need, could be applied in the United States as a pilot study. Similar to the Department of Justice’s direct

  3. Pacific Northwest Laboratory annual report for 1984 to the DOE Office of the Assistant Secretary for Policy, Safety, and Environment. Part 5. Overview and assessment

    SciTech Connect

    Bair, W.J.

    1985-02-01

    Research conducted in 1984 is briefly described. Research areas include: (1) uncertainties in modeling source/receptor relations for acidic deposition; (2) health physics support and assistance to the DOE; (3) technical guidelines for radiological calibrations; (4) personnel neutron dosemeter evaluation and upgrade program; (5) beta measurement evaluation and upgrade; (6) accreditation program for occupational exposure measurements; (7) assurance program for Remedial Action; (8) environmental protection support and assistance; (9) hazardus waste risk assessment; and (10) radiation policy studies. (ACR)

  4. An Overlooked Population in Community College: International Students' (In)Validation Experiences With Academic Advising

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zhang, Yi

    2016-01-01

    Objective: Guided by validation theory, this study aims to better understand the role that academic advising plays in international community college students' adjustment. More specifically, this study investigated how academic advising validates or invalidates their academic and social experiences in a community college context. Method: This…

  5. Model for Preparing Marketing and Business Teachers to Meet the Challenge of CTSO Leadership and Advisement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stanislawski, Debbie; Haltinner, Urs

    2009-01-01

    Objective: This article presents a teacher education program graduates' perceptions of their preparedness to take on roles as FBLA, DECA, and BPA advisers. Purpose: The purpose of the study was to better understand impacts that the model of teacher preparation had on participants' confidence to perform their adviser roles. Method: A descriptive…

  6. First-Year Community College Students' Perceptions of and Attitudes toward Intrusive Academic Advising

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Donaldson, Paul; McKinney, Lyle; Lee, Mimi; Pino, Diana

    2016-01-01

    For this study, we analyzed the relationship between intrusive academic advising and community college student success. Utilizing a qualitative, single-case study design, we conducted interviews with 12 students who participated in an intrusive advising program at a large, urban community college in Texas. Analysis of the interview data revealed…

  7. Advising Experiences and Needs of Online, Cohort, and Classroom Adult Graduate Learners

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schroeder, Shawnda M.; Terras, Katherine L.

    2015-01-01

    Although a majority of graduate students fall under the definition of adult learners (over age 24 years), many traditional institutions do not offer advising specific to them, nor do they recognize advising needs of these older students in online, classroom, or cohort situations. In this phenomenological study, 9 adult graduate learners were…

  8. 17 CFR 275.204-2 - Books and records to be maintained by investment advisers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Books and records to be... Books and records to be maintained by investment advisers. (a) Every investment adviser registered or... and current the following books and records relating to its investment advisory business; (1)...

  9. 17 CFR 275.204-2 - Books and records to be maintained by investment advisers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Books and records to be... Books and records to be maintained by investment advisers. (a) Every investment adviser registered or... and current the following books and records relating to its investment advisory business; (1)...

  10. 17 CFR 275.204-2 - Books and records to be maintained by investment advisers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 4 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Books and records to be... Books and records to be maintained by investment advisers. (a) Every investment adviser registered or... and current the following books and records relating to its investment advisory business; (1)...

  11. Capturing the Student Perspective: A New Instrument for Measuring Advising Satisfaction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Teasley, Marilee L.; Buchanan, Erin M.

    2013-01-01

    When students leave their advising appointments, how do they feel? Excited? Disappointed? If advisors and students do not share expectations and goals, the student may harbor negative feelings about the advising experience, which have the potential to lead to withdrawal and dissatisfaction. We surveyed students at a large midwestern university to…

  12. Creating a Culture of "Engagement" with Academic Advising: Challenges and Opportunities for Today's Higher Education Institutions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Swanson, Douglas J.

    2006-01-01

    Effective academic advising is recognized as key to college student success and academic retention (Pascarella & Terenzini, 1991; Mastrodicasa, 2001). There are at least seven different structural models for academic advising; each depends to a greater or lesser degree on a level of "engagement" by faculty in the process (Kramer,…

  13. Transforming Academic Advising through the Use of Information Technology. Monograph Series, No. 4.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kramer, Gary L., Ed; Childs, M. Wayne, Ed.

    This monograph presents 9 papers and 11 reports of innovative applications concerned with the design and integration of technical support systems in the academic advising workplace. The papers are into three parts: technology, student academic advising and planning; using technology to deliver academic support services, and the future roles of…

  14. Traditional Age Students: Worldviews and Satisfaction with Advising; a Homogeneous Study of Student and Advisors

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Coll, Jose E.; Draves, Patrick

    2009-01-01

    This study sought to determine what student characteristic best predicts advising satisfaction. Outcomes of this study suggest that faculty behaviors such as discussing personal values, majors/ academic concentrations, and financial aid account for significant variance in the prediction of student advising satisfaction. This would suggest those…

  15. A Best-Practice Model for Academic Advising of University Biology Majors

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heekin, Jonathan Ralph Calvin

    2013-01-01

    Biology faculty at an East Coast university believed their undergraduate students were not being well served by the existing academic advising program. The purpose of this mixed methods project study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the academic advising model in a biology department. Guided by system-based organizational theory, a learning…

  16. 17 CFR 275.204-2 - Books and records to be maintained by investment advisers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... reasons therefor. (12)(i) A copy of the investment adviser's code of ethics adopted and implemented... record of any violation of the code of ethics, and of any action taken as a result of the violation; and... investment adviser on: (i) Micrographic media, including microfilm, microfiche, or any similar medium; or...

  17. 76 FR 42949 - Rules Implementing Amendments to the Investment Advisers Act of 1940

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-19

    ... IArules@sec.gov , Office of Investment Adviser Regulation, Division of Investment Management, U.S.... Assets Under Management 4. Switching Between State and Commission Registration 5. Exemptions From the... management.\\3\\ These provisions will require a significant number of advisers currently registered with...

  18. African-American Women and Dissertation Chairs: Portraits of Successful Advising Relationships

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kohlman, Antoinette

    2013-01-01

    By focusing on the problem of graduate student persistence, researchers have tended to either discount or ignore the impact and value of advising relationships as a context for the successful completion of a doctoral program. Little information exists regarding the advising experiences and relationships between African-American female doctoral…

  19. Fox Valley Technical College Academic/Faculty Advising Guidelines, 1999-2000.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schneider, Steve; Meier, Barbara

    This document presents Fox Valley Technical College's (FVTC) 1999-2000 academic/faculty advising guidelines for instructors, advisors, and counselors, entitled "Working Together for Student Success." These guidelines are divided into the following parts: philosophy/definition, core values, institutional advising goals, developmental…

  20. Lessons Learned from a Data-Driven College Access Program: The National College Advising Corps

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Horng, Eileen L.; Evans, Brent J.; antonio, anthony l.; Foster, Jesse D.; Kalamkarian, Hoori S.; Hurd, Nicole F.; Bettinger, Eric P.

    2013-01-01

    This chapter discusses the collaboration between a national college access program, the National College Advising Corps (NCAC), and its research and evaluation team at Stanford University. NCAC is currently active in almost four hundred high schools and through the placement of a recent college graduate to serve as a college adviser provides…

  1. The Developing Role of Student Advising: An Interview with Charlie Nutt

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harborth, Arlene

    2015-01-01

    Charlie Nutt has been an active member of the National Academic Advising Association (NACADA) since 1991 and currently is the NACADA Executive Director. NACADA promotes and supports quality academic advising in institutions of higher education to enhance the educational development of students. Nutt's current responsibilities as executive director…

  2. 22 CFR 64.8 - Obligation of employee to advise agency.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Obligation of employee to advise agency. 64.8 Section 64.8 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE PUBLIC DIPLOMACY AND EXCHANGES PARTICIPATION BY FEDERAL EMPLOYEES IN CULTURAL EXCHANGE PROGRAMS OF FOREIGN COUNTRIES § 64.8 Obligation of employee to advise...

  3. 17 CFR 275.204-2 - Books and records to be maintained by investment advisers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Books and records to be... Books and records to be maintained by investment advisers. (a) Every investment adviser registered or... and current the following books and records relating to its investment advisory business; (1)...

  4. The Debate Begins: The Rise of Alternate Perspectives in Academic Advising Theory

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burton, Shannon Lynn

    2016-01-01

    With the addition of history to the title of the Theory, Philosophy, and History of Advising Commission of NACADA: The Global Community for Academic Advising, the time has come to reflect on this growing commission as a means to track and record the growth and development of the theoretical debates and questions regarding the field of academic…

  5. Pre- and Post-Transfer Academic Advising: What Students Say Are the Similarities and Differences

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Allen, Janine M.; Smith, Cathleen L.; Muehleck, Jeanette K.

    2014-01-01

    To better understand the role of academic advising in the challenges faced by students who transfer from community colleges to 4-year institutions, we examined advising experiences of two groups: (a) from two community colleges students who intended to transfer to 4-year institutions and (b) from five universities students who had transferred from…

  6. "Cultivating Ways of Thinking": The Developmental Teaching Perspective in Academic Advising

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McGill, Craig M.

    2016-01-01

    Although academic advising is recognized as an important piece in college student retention, the complexity of the activity and its pedagogical potential continues to be overlooked by institutional stakeholders and advisors themselves. Many outside the field do not fully recognize its purpose and potential, but increasingly advising is seen as a…

  7. Youth Employment--Training Career Advisement with the Disabled.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mesa Community Coll., AZ.

    This resource book is one of three documents developed in a community college project to meet the career and vocational needs of disadvantaged handicapped youth (mainly the learning disabled, the educable mentally handicapped, and the emotionally handicapped) by assisting them to gain and retain full-time, non-subsidized employment. The resource…

  8. Determining soil enzyme activities for the assessment of fungi and citric acid-assisted phytoextraction under cadmium and lead contamination.

    PubMed

    Mao, Liang; Tang, Dong; Feng, Haiwei; Gao, Yang; Zhou, Pei; Xu, Lurong; Wang, Lumei

    2015-12-01

    Microorganism or chelate-assisted phytoextraction is an effective remediation tool for heavy metal polluted soil, but investigations into its impact on soil microbial activity are rarely reported. Consequently, cadmium (Cd)- and lead (Pb)-resistant fungi and citric acid (CA) were introduced to enhance phytoextraction by Solanum nigrum L. under varied Cd and Pb pollution levels in a greenhouse pot experiment. We then determined accumulation of Cd and Pb in S. nigrum and the soil enzyme activities of dehydrogenase, phosphatase, urease, catalase, sucrase, and amylase. Detrended canonical correspondence analysis (DCCA) was applied to assess the interactions between remediation strategies and soil enzyme activities. Results indicated that the addition of fungi, CA, or their combination enhanced the root biomass of S. nigrum, especially at the high-pollution level. The combined treatment of CA and fungi enhanced accumulation of Cd about 22-47 % and of Pb about 13-105 % in S. nigrum compared with the phytoextraction alone. However, S. nigrum was not shown to be a hyperaccumulator for Pb. Most enzyme activities were enhanced after remediation. The DCCA ordination graph showed increasing enzyme activity improvement by remediation in the order of phosphatase, amylase, catalase, dehydrogenase, and urease. Responses of soil enzyme activities were similar for both the addition of fungi and that of CA. In summary, results suggest that fungi and CA-assisted phytoextraction is a promising approach to restoring heavy metal polluted soil.

  9. Left Ventricular Assist Devices for Destination Therapy: A Health Technology Assessment

    PubMed Central

    2016-01-01

    Background Left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) provide circulatory support to assist the damaged left ventricle in patients with end-stage heart failure. Implantation of an LVAD is sometimes a last resort for patients with end stage heart failure who are ineligible for heart transplantation (destination therapy). First-generation LVADs used pulsatile pumps to mimic the natural pulsing action of the heart. Implanted second-generation LVADs use a rapidly spinning rotor to produce a continuous flow of blood into the systemic arterial system. Objectives Our objectives were to: Determine the clinical effectiveness of LVADs for destination therapy for patients with end-stage heart failure who are ineligible for heart transplantation Estimate the cost-effectiveness of destination-therapy LVAD for patients with end-stage heart failure who are ineligible for heart transplantation and to estimate the potential budget impact for the Ontario Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care over the next 5 years Methods We performed a narrative review of the clinical and economic literature for effectiveness and cost-effectiveness and a budget impact analysis from the perspective of the Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care. We did not conduct a meta-analysis of the clinical evidence owing to differences in the type of LVADs included in the studies. Results Three systematic reviews and one observational study contributed to the clinical evidence. Three economic reviews contributed to the economic evidence. There is moderate quality evidence that treatment with continuous-flow LVADs improves survival but has higher adverse events rates compared with drug therapy. Low quality evidence suggests treatment with a continuous-flow LVADs improves quality of life. The incremental cost-effectiveness ratio associated with destination-therapy LVAD over optimal medical management is relatively high and exceeds the traditionally accepted thresholds ($50,000 to $100,000 per quality-adjusted life

  10. 45 CFR 2543.12 - Forms for applying for Federal assistance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... (SPOC). The name and address of the SPOC for a particular State can be obtained from the Federal awarding agency or the Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance. The SPOC shall advise the applicant...

  11. 45 CFR 74.12 - Forms for applying for HHS financial assistance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Single Point of Contact (SPOC). The name and address of the SPOC for a particular State can be obtained from the HHS awarding agency or the Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance. The SPOC shall advise...

  12. 28 CFR 70.12 - Forms for applying for Federal assistance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... subject to review by the State Single Point of Contact (SPOC). The name and address of the SPOC for a particular State can be obtained from the “Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance.” The SPOC shall advise...

  13. 24 CFR 84.12 - Forms for applying for Federal assistance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... subject to review by the State Single Point of Contact (SPOC). The name and address of the SPOC for a particular State can be obtained from the Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance. The SPOC shall advise...

  14. 32 CFR 32.12 - Forms for applying for Federal assistance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... (SPOC). The name and address of the SPOC for a particular State can be obtained from the DoD Component or the Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance. The SPOC shall advise the applicant whether...

  15. 7 CFR 3019.12 - Forms for applying for Federal assistance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... subject to review by the State Single Point of Contact (SPOC). The name and address of the SPOC for a... Assistance. The SPOC shall advise the applicant whether the program for which application is made has...

  16. Assessing the Impact of U.S. Food Assistance Delivery Policies on Child Mortality in Northern Kenya.

    PubMed

    Nikulkov, Alex; Barrett, Christopher B; Mude, Andrew G; Wein, Lawrence M

    2016-01-01

    The U.S. is the main country in the world that delivers its food assistance primarily via transoceanic shipments of commodity-based in-kind food. This approach is costlier and less timely than cash-based assistance, which includes cash transfers, food vouchers, and local and regional procurement, where food is bought in or nearby the recipient country. The U.S.'s approach is exacerbated by a requirement that half of its transoceanic food shipments need to be sent on U.S.-flag vessels. We estimate the effect of these U.S. food assistance distribution policies on child mortality in northern Kenya by formulating and optimizing a supply chain model. In our model, monthly orders of transoceanic shipments and cash-based interventions are chosen to minimize child mortality subject to an annual budget constraint and to policy constraints on the allowable proportions of cash-based interventions and non-US-flag shipments. By varying the restrictiveness of these policy constraints, we assess the impact of possible changes in U.S. food aid policies on child mortality. The model includes an existing regression model that uses household survey data and geospatial data to forecast the mean mid-upper-arm circumference Z scores among children in a community, and allows food assistance to increase Z scores, and Z scores to influence mortality rates. We find that cash-based interventions are a much more powerful policy lever than the U.S.-flag vessel requirement: switching to cash-based interventions reduces child mortality from 4.4% to 3.7% (a 16.2% relative reduction) in our model, whereas eliminating the U.S.-flag vessel restriction without increasing the use of cash-based interventions generates a relative reduction in child mortality of only 1.1%. The great majority of the gains achieved by cash-based interventions are due to their reduced cost, not their reduced delivery lead times; i.e., the reduction of shipping expenses allows for more food to be delivered, which reduces

  17. Assessing the Impact of U.S. Food Assistance Delivery Policies on Child Mortality in Northern Kenya

    PubMed Central

    Nikulkov, Alex; Barrett, Christopher B.; Mude, Andrew G.; Wein, Lawrence M.

    2016-01-01

    The U.S. is the main country in the world that delivers its food assistance primarily via transoceanic shipments of commodity-based in-kind food. This approach is costlier and less timely than cash-based assistance, which includes cash transfers, food vouchers, and local and regional procurement, where food is bought in or nearby the recipient country. The U.S.’s approach is exacerbated by a requirement that half of its transoceanic food shipments need to be sent on U.S.-flag vessels. We estimate the effect of these U.S. food assistance distribution policies on child mortality in northern Kenya by formulating and optimizing a supply chain model. In our model, monthly orders of transoceanic shipments and cash-based interventions are chosen to minimize child mortality subject to an annual budget constraint and to policy constraints on the allowable proportions of cash-based interventions and non-US-flag shipments. By varying the restrictiveness of these policy constraints, we assess the impact of possible changes in U.S. food aid policies on child mortality. The model includes an existing regression model that uses household survey data and geospatial data to forecast the mean mid-upper-arm circumference Z scores among children in a community, and allows food assistance to increase Z scores, and Z scores to influence mortality rates. We find that cash-based interventions are a much more powerful policy lever than the U.S.-flag vessel requirement: switching to cash-based interventions reduces child mortality from 4.4% to 3.7% (a 16.2% relative reduction) in our model, whereas eliminating the U.S.-flag vessel restriction without increasing the use of cash-based interventions generates a relative reduction in child mortality of only 1.1%. The great majority of the gains achieved by cash-based interventions are due to their reduced cost, not their reduced delivery lead times; i.e., the reduction of shipping expenses allows for more food to be delivered, which reduces

  18. Providing Assistance to the Victims of Adolescent Dating Violence: A National Assessment of School Nurses' Practices

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Khubchandani, Jagdish; Telljohann, Susan K.; Price, James H.; Dake, Joseph A.; Hendershot, Candace

    2013-01-01

    Background: This study assessed the perceptions and practices of school nurses regarding adolescent dating violence (ADV). Methods: The membership list of the National Association of School Nurses was used to identify a national random cross-sectional sample of high school nurses in the United States (N?=?750). A valid and reliable survey…

  19. Research and Teaching: Assessment of Graduate Teaching Assistants Enrolled in a Teaching Techniques Course

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zehnder, Caralyn

    2016-01-01

    At the authors' public liberal arts institution, biology masters students are required to enroll in BIOL 5050: Teaching Techniques. Course topics include designing effective lectures, assessment, classroom management, diversity in the classroom, and active learning strategies. The impact of this type of training on graduate students' attitudes and…

  20. Post-Concussion Tools to Assist with Assessment, Treatment, and Return to Duty

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-12-01

    together academic physiotherapists, bioengineers in the field of balance assessment, NIH program managers for balance rehabilitation (NIDCD...to three groups of Fort Rucker Elementary School teachers, 26 Aug, 2013, USAARL. COL Smyrski briefed BG Edens (USACR/SC) regarding spatial...Nothing to Report.  Technologies or techniques . Nothing to Report.  Inventions, patent applications, and/or licenses. SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR

  1. Assisting Learning in E-Assessment: A Closer Look at Educational Supports

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lafuente, Marc; Remesal, Ana; Álvarez Valdivia, Ibis M.

    2014-01-01

    This study analyses the educational support offered through information and communication technology during formative assessment in two different cases in higher education. We analysed one blended and one virtual case from two different universities. The study aimed at identifying specific patterns of educational support intended to foster two…

  2. Assessing Nursing Assistants' Knowledge of Behavioral Approaches to Mental Health Problems.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spore, Diana L.; And Others

    1991-01-01

    Developed and administered 17-item instrument to assess knowledge of specific mental health problems (depression, agitation, disorientation) and behavioral approaches to them to 191 nurse's aides and 21 clinicians with training in behavioral management and experience with older nursing home residents. Aides averaged 11 correct answers; clinicians…

  3. Equity-focused health impact assessment: A tool to assist policy makers in addressing health inequalities

    SciTech Connect

    Simpson, Sarah . E-mail: sarah.simpson@unsw.edu.au; Mahoney, Mary; Harris, Elizabeth; Aldrich, Rosemary; Stewart-Williams, Jenny

    2005-10-15

    In Australasia (Australia and New Zealand) the use of health impact assessment (HIA) as a tool for improved policy development is comparatively new. The public health workforce do not routinely assess the potential health and equity impacts of proposed policies or programs. The Australasian Collaboration for Health Equity Impact Assessment was funded to develop a strategic framework for equity-focused HIA (EFHIA) with the intent of strengthening the ways in which equity is addressed in each step of HIA. The collaboration developed a draft framework for EFHIA that mirrored, but modified the commonly accepted steps of HIA; tested the draft framework in six different health service delivery settings; analysed the feedback about application of the draft EFHIA framework and modified it accordingly. The strategic framework shows promise in providing a systematic process for identifying potential differential health impacts and assessing the extent to which these are avoidable and unfair. This paper presents the EFHIA framework and discusses some of the issues that arose in the case study sites undertaking equity-focused HIA.

  4. State & District-Wide Assessments of School Achievement. Issues in Education. Technical Assistance Bulletin.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Center for Innovations in Special Education, Columbia, MO.

    This bulletin provides guidelines to Missouri educators concerning inclusion of students with disabilities in state and district-wide assessments of school achievement as required under Missouri's Outstanding Schools Act and the reauthorization of the federal Individuals with Disabilities Education Act of 1997. It stresses the greater focus on…

  5. Preparing Biology Graduate Teaching Assistants for Their Roles as Instructors: An Assessment of Institutional Approaches

    PubMed Central

    Schussler, Elisabeth E.; Read, Quentin; Marbach-Ad, Gili; Miller, Kristen; Ferzli, Miriam

    2015-01-01

    The inconsistency of professional development (PD) in teaching for graduate teaching assistants (GTAs) is a widespread problem in higher education. Although GTAs serve an important role in retention of undergraduate science majors and in promotion of scientific literacy in nonmajors, they often lack preparation and ongoing support for teaching. Given the recent national focus on instructional quality in introductory courses, our goal was to use an online survey to identify current practices of teaching PD for biology GTAs and compare these results with the last national survey on this topic. In responses from 71 participant institutions, 96% reported some mandatory teaching preparation for biology GTAs; however, 52% of these programs required 10 or fewer hours per year. Respondents wanted to change their programs to include more pedagogical information and teaching observations with feedback to their GTAs. Programmatic self-ratings of satisfaction with GTA PD were positively correlated with the number of topics discussed during PD. Although more schools are requiring GTA PD for teaching compared with the last national survey, the lack of program breadth at many schools warrants a national conversation with regard to recent calls for improving undergraduate instruction. PMID:26231562

  6. Preparing Biology Graduate Teaching Assistants for Their Roles as Instructors: An Assessment of Institutional Approaches.

    PubMed

    Schussler, Elisabeth E; Read, Quentin; Marbach-Ad, Gili; Miller, Kristen; Ferzli, Miriam

    2015-01-01

    The inconsistency of professional development (PD) in teaching for graduate teaching assistants (GTAs) is a widespread problem in higher education. Although GTAs serve an important role in retention of undergraduate science majors and in promotion of scientific literacy in nonmajors, they often lack preparation and ongoing support for teaching. Given the recent national focus on instructional quality in introductory courses, our goal was to use an online survey to identify current practices of teaching PD for biology GTAs and compare these results with the last national survey on this topic. In responses from 71 participant institutions, 96% reported some mandatory teaching preparation for biology GTAs; however, 52% of these programs required 10 or fewer hours per year. Respondents wanted to change their programs to include more pedagogical information and teaching observations with feedback to their GTAs. Programmatic self-ratings of satisfaction with GTA PD were positively correlated with the number of topics discussed during PD. Although more schools are requiring GTA PD for teaching compared with the last national survey, the lack of program breadth at many schools warrants a national conversation with regard to recent calls for improving undergraduate instruction.

  7. Gravity-assisted drainage imaging in the assessment of pediatric hydronephrosis

    PubMed Central

    Acker, Matthew R.; Clark, Roderick; Anderson, Peter

    2016-01-01

    Introduction: As early detection of hydronephrosis increases, we require better methods of distinguishing between pediatric patients who require pyeloplasty vs. those with transient obstruction. Gravity-assisted drainage (GAD) as part of a standardized diuretic renography protocol has been suggested as a simple and safe method to differentiate patients. Methods: Renal scans of 89 subjects with 121 hydronephrotic renal units between January 2004 and March 2007 were identified and analyzed. Results: Of all renal units, 65% showed obstruction. GAD maneuver resulted in significant residual tracer drainage in eight renal units, moderate drainage in 12 renal units, and some improvement in 40 units after the GAD maneuver. Of the eight renal units with significant residual tracer drainage, only two proceeded to pyeloplasty. After pyeloplasty, nine children had improved time to half maximum (T1/2 Max) and 13 were unchanged. Conclusions: Our study was limited due to its retrospective design and descriptive analyses, but includes a sufficient number of subjects to conclude that GAD as part of a diuretic renography protocol is an effective and simple technique that can help prevent unnecessary surgical procedures in pediatric patients. PMID:27217854

  8. Mission Assessment of the Faraday Accelerator with Radio-frequency Assisted Discharge (FARAD)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Dankanich, John W.; Polzin, Kurt A.

    2008-01-01

    Pulsed inductive thrusters have typically been considered for future, high-power, missions requiring nuclear electric propulsion. These high-power systems, while promising equivalent or improved performance over state-of-the-art propulsion systems, presently have no planned missions for which they are well suited. The ability to efficiently operate an inductive thruster at lower energy and power levels may provide inductive thrusters near term applicability and mission pull. The Faraday Accelerator with Radio-frequency Assisted Discharge concept demonstrated potential for a high-efficiency, low-energy pulsed inductive thruster. The added benefits of energy recapture and/or pulse compression are shown to enhance the performance of the pulsed inductive propulsion system, yielding a system that con compete with and potentially outperform current state-of-the-art electric propulsion technologies. These enhancements lead to mission-level benefits associated with the use of a pulsed inductive thruster. Analyses of low-power near to mid-term missions and higher power far-term missions are undertaken to compare the performance of pulsed inductive thrusters with that delivered by state-of-the-art and development-level electric propulsion systems.

  9. Quicker method for assessing influences on teaching assistant buy-in and practices in reformed courses

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wilcox, Matthew; Yang, Yuehai; Chini, Jacquelyn J.

    2016-12-01

    Teaching assistants (TAs) that lead reformed recitations and labs must understand and buy into the design of the course and the research-based instructional strategies that the course requires in order to create high-fidelity implementations. We present a model that outlines possible influences on TAs' buy-in and their in-class actions coupled with a method, using a Real-time Instructor Observation Tool-based [E. A. West et al. Phys. Rev. ST Phys. Educ. Res. 9, 010109 (2013)] exercise, to measure the effect of these influences that is not only quicker than interviews but also allows one to quantify these effects. We use this method to measure the influences on six graduate TAs teaching algebra-based introductory mechanics and electricity and magnetism recitations and labs ("mini studios") at the University of Central Florida. The results from the exercise are confirmed by interview responses from the TAs. We find a relatively high degree of buy-in to the design of the course, yet this is not reflected in the TAs' actions. The TAs' actions appear to be most influenced by student responses and expectations which do not align with the design of the course. Our study examines the effect of three influences shown in our model, and we argue that our method could be easily adapted to examine additional influences.

  10. Development and validity of a 3-day smartphone assisted 24-hour recall to assess beverage consumption in a Chinese population: a randomized cross-over study.

    PubMed

    Smith, Lindsey P; Hua, Jenna; Seto, Edmund; Du, Shufa; Zang, Jiajie; Zou, Shurong; Popkin, Barry M; Mendez, Michelle A

    2014-01-01

    This paper addresses the need for diet assessment methods that capture the rapidly changing beverage consumption patterns in China. The objective of this study was to develop a 3-day smartphone-assisted 24-hour recall to improve the quantification of beverage intake amongst young Chinese adults (n=110) and validate, in a small subset (n=34), the extent to which the written record and smartphone-assisted recalls adequately estimated total fluid intake, using 24-hour urine samples. The smartphone-assisted method showed improved validity compared with the written record-assisted method, when comparing reported total fluid intake to total urine volume. However, participants reported consuming fewer beverages on the smartphone-assisted method compared with the written record-assisted method, primarily due to decreased consumption of traditional zero-energy beverages (i.e. water, tea) in the smartphone-assisted method. It is unclear why participants reported fewer beverages in the smartphone-assisted method than the written record -assisted method. One possibility is that participants found the smartphone method too cumbersome, and responded by decreasing beverage intake. These results suggest that smartphone-assisted 24-hour recalls perform comparably but do not appear to substantially improve beverage quantification compared with the current written record-based approach. In addition, we piloted a beverage screener to identify consumers of episodically consumed SSBs. As expected, a substantially higher proportion of consumers reported consuming SSBs on the beverage screener compared with either recall type, suggesting that a beverage screener may be useful in characterizing consumption of episodically consumed beverages in China's dynamic food and beverage landscape.

  11. Career advising in family medicine: a theoretical framework for structuring the medical student/faculty advisor interview.

    PubMed

    Bradner, Melissa; Crossman, Steven H; Vanderbilt, Allison A; Gary, Judy; Munson, Paul

    2013-01-01

    Background There are unique challenges to recruiting students into the specialty of family medicine within academic medical centers. Methods At Virginia Commonwealth University, we developed an advising framework to help students address institutional and personal obstacles to choosing family medicine as a career. Results The role of a faculty advisor is not to direct the student to a career choice but rather to foster a mentor relationship and help the student come to his or her own realizations regarding career choice. The faculty advisor/medical student interview is conceptualized as five discussion topics: self-knowledge, perception, organizational voice, cognitive dissonance, and anticipatory counseling. Conclusion This framework is intended to assist faculty in their efforts to encourage students to consider a career in family medicine.

  12. Stability Metrics for Simulation and Flight-Software Assessment and Monitoring of Adaptive Control Assist Compensators

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hodel, A. S.; Whorton, Mark; Zhu, J. Jim

    2008-01-01

    Due to a need for improved reliability and performance in aerospace systems, there is increased interest in the use of adaptive control or other nonlinear, time-varying control designs in aerospace vehicles. While such techniques are built on Lyapunov stability theory, they lack an accompanying set of metrics for the assessment of stability margins such as the classical gain and phase margins used in linear time-invariant systems. Such metrics must both be physically meaningful and permit the user to draw conclusions in a straightforward fashion. We present in this paper a roadmap to the development of metrics appropriate to nonlinear, time-varying systems. We also present two case studies in which frozen-time gain and phase margins incorrectly predict stability or instability. We then present a multi-resolution analysis approach that permits on-line real-time stability assessment of nonlinear systems.

  13. It is time to develop ecological thresholds of toxicological concern to assist environmental hazard assessment.

    PubMed

    Belanger, Scott E; Sanderson, Hans; Embry, Michelle R; Coady, Katie; DeZwart, Dick; Farr, Brianna A; Gutsell, Steve; Halder, Marlies; Sternberg, Robin; Wilson, Peter

    2015-12-01

    The threshold of toxicological concern (TTC) concept is well established for assessing human safety of food-contact substances and has been reapplied for a variety of endpoints, including carcinogenicity, teratogenicity, and reproductive toxicity. The TTC establishes an exposure level for chemicals below which no appreciable risk to human health or the environment is expected, based on a de minimis value for toxicity identified for many chemicals. Threshold of toxicological concern approaches have benefits for screening-level risk assessments, including the potential for rapid decision-making, fully utilizing existing knowledge, reasonable conservativeness for chemicals used in lower volumes (low production volume chemicals (e.g., < 1 t/yr), and reduction or elimination of unnecessary animal tests. Higher production volume chemicals (>1 t/yr) would in principle always require specific information because of the presumed higher exposure potential. The TTC approach has found particular favor in the assessment of chemicals used in cosmetics and personal care products, as well as other chemicals traditionally used in low volumes. Use of the TTC in environmental safety is just beginning, and initial attempts are being published. Key questions focus on hazard extrapolation of diverse taxa across trophic levels, importance of mode of action, and whether safe concentrations for ecosystems estimated from acute or chronic toxicity data are equally useful and in what contexts. The present study provides an overview of the theoretical basis for developing an ecological (eco)-TTC, with an initial exploration of chemical assessment and boundary conditions for use. An international collaboration under the International Life Sciences Institute Health and Environmental Sciences Institute has been established to address challenges related to developing and applying useful eco-TTC concepts.

  14. Chronic animal health assessment during axial ventricular assistance: importance of hemorheologic parameters.

    PubMed

    Kameneva, M V; Watach, M J; Litwak, P; Antaki, J F; Butler, K C; Thomas, D C; Taylor, L P; Borovetz, H S; Kormos, R L; Griffith, B P

    1999-01-01

    during heart-assist device application.

  15. Assessment of a Novel Approach to Identify Trichiasis Cases Using Community Treatment Assistants in Tanzania

    PubMed Central

    Greene, Gregory S.; West, Sheila K.; Mkocha, Harran; Munoz, Beatriz; Merbs, Shannath L.

    2015-01-01

    Background Simple surgical intervention advocated by the World Health Organization can alleviate trachomatous trichiasis (TT) and prevent subsequent blindness. A large backlog of TT cases remain unidentified and untreated. To increase identification and referral of TT cases, a novel approach using standard screening questions, a card, and simple training for Community Treatment Assistants (CTAs) to use during Mass Drug Administration (MDA) was developed and evaluated in Kongwa District, a trachoma-endemic area of central Tanzania. Methodology/Principal Findings A community randomized trial was conducted in 36 communities during MDA. CTAs in intervention villages received an additional half-day of training and a TT screening card in addition to the training received by CTAs in villages assigned to usual care. All MDA participants 15 years and older were screened for TT, and senior TT graders confirmed case status by evaluating all screened-positive cases. A random sample of those screened negative for TT and those who did not present at MDA were also evaluated by the master graders. Intervention CTAs identified 5.6 times as many cases (n = 50) as those assigned to usual care (n = 9, p < 0.05). While specificity was above 90% for both groups, the sensitivity for the novel screening tool was 31.2% compared to 5.6% for the usual care group (p < 0.05). Conclusions/Significance CTAs appear to be viable resources for the identification of TT cases. Additional training and use of a TT screening card significantly increased the ability of CTAs to recognize and refer TT cases during MDA; however, further efforts are needed to improve case detection and reduce the number of false positive cases. PMID:26658938

  16. A feasibility assessment of automated FISH image and signal analysis to assist cervical cancer detection

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Xingwei; Li, Yuhua; Liu, Hong; Li, Shibo; Zhang, Roy R.; Zheng, Bin

    2012-02-01

    Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) technology provides a promising molecular imaging tool to detect cervical cancer. Since manual FISH analysis is difficult, time-consuming, and inconsistent, the automated FISH image scanning systems have been developed. Due to limited focal depth of scanned microscopic image, a FISH-probed specimen needs to be scanned in multiple layers that generate huge image data. To improve diagnostic efficiency of using automated FISH image analysis, we developed a computer-aided detection (CAD) scheme. In this experiment, four pap-smear specimen slides were scanned by a dual-detector fluorescence image scanning system that acquired two spectrum images simultaneously, which represent images of interphase cells and FISH-probed chromosome X. During image scanning, once detecting a cell signal, system captured nine image slides by automatically adjusting optical focus. Based on the sharpness index and maximum intensity measurement, cells and FISH signals distributed in 3-D space were projected into a 2-D con-focal image. CAD scheme was applied to each con-focal image to detect analyzable interphase cells using an adaptive multiple-threshold algorithm and detect FISH-probed signals using a top-hat transform. The ratio of abnormal cells was calculated to detect positive cases. In four scanned specimen slides, CAD generated 1676 con-focal images that depicted analyzable cells. FISH-probed signals were independently detected by our CAD algorithm and an observer. The Kappa coefficients for agreement between CAD and observer ranged from 0.69 to 1.0 in detecting/counting FISH signal spots. The study demonstrated the feasibility of applying automated FISH image and signal analysis to assist cyto-geneticists in detecting cervical cancers.

  17. The Importance of Visual Experience, Gender, and Emotion in the Assessment of an Assistive Tactile Mouse.

    PubMed

    Brayda, Luca; Campus, Claudio; Memeo, Mariacarla; Lucagrossi, Laura

    2015-01-01

    Tactile maps are efficient tools to improve spatial understanding and mobility skills of visually impaired people. Their limited adaptability can be compensated with haptic devices which display graphical information, but their assessment is frequently limited to performance-based metrics only which can hide potential spatial abilities in O&M protocols. We assess a low-tech tactile mouse able to deliver three-dimensional content considering how performance, mental workload, behavior, and anxiety status vary with task difficulty and gender in congenitally blind, late blind, and sighted subjects. Results show that task difficulty coherently modulates the efficiency and difficulty to build mental maps, regardless of visual experience. Although exhibiting attitudes that were similar and gender-independent, the females had lower performance and higher cognitive load, especially when congenitally blind. All groups showed a significant decrease in anxiety after using the device. Tactile graphics with our device seems therefore to be applicable with different visual experiences, with no negative emotional consequences of mentally demanding spatial tasks. Going beyond performance-based assessment, our methodology can help with better targeting technological solutions in orientation and mobility protocols.

  18. Commentary: using medical student case presentations to help faculty learn to be better advisers.

    PubMed

    Shochet, Robert B; Cayea, Danelle; Levine, Rachel B; Wright, Scott M

    2010-04-01

    The case presentation is a time-honored tradition in clinical medicine, and medical journals and national conferences have provided a forum for this type of scholarship for more than a century. Case presentations can also be used by educators as a means to understand challenging learner experiences, and by doing so, lead to advances in the practice of medical education. Medical school faculty are asked to serve in student advisor roles, yet best practices for student advising are not known. Unlike clinicians, who often discuss difficult patient cases, medical educators do not typically have opportunities to discuss challenging student cases to learn how best to support trainees. In this commentary, the authors-from the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine Colleges Advisory Program (CAP), a longitudinal advising program with the goal of promoting personal and professional development of students-describe the novel quarterly Advisory Case Conference, where medical student cases can be confidentially presented and discussed by faculty advisors, along with relevant literature reviews, to enhance faculty advising skills for students. As medical student advising needs often vary, CAP advisors employ adult learning principles and emphasize shared responsibility between advisor and advisee as keys to successful advising. Unlike traditional clinical case conferences, the Advising Case Conference format encourages advisors to share perspectives about the cases by working in small groups to exchange ideas and role-play solutions. This model may be applicable to other schools or training programs wishing to enhance faculty advising skills.

  19. Developing Leaders: Implementation of a Peer Advising Program for a Public Health Sciences Undergraduate Program

    PubMed Central

    Griffin, Megan; DiFulvio, Gloria T.; Gerber, Daniel Shea

    2015-01-01

    Peer advising is an integral part of our undergraduate advising system in the Public Health Sciences major at the University of Massachusetts Amherst. The program was developed in 2009 to address the advising needs of a rapidly growing major that went from 25 to over 530 majors between 2007 and 2014. Each year, 9–12 top performing upper-level students are chosen through an intensive application process. A major goal of the program is to provide curriculum and career guidance to students in the major and empower students in their academic and professional pursuits. The year-long program involves several components, including: staffing the drop-in advising center, attending training seminars, developing and presenting workshops for students, meeting prospective students and families, evaluating ways to improve the program, and collaborating on self-directed projects. The peer advisors (PAs) also provide program staff insight into the needs and perspectives of students in the major. In turn, PAs gain valuable leadership and communication skills, and learn strategies for improving student success. The Peer Advising Program builds community and fosters personal and professional development for the PAs. In this paper, we will discuss the undergraduate peer advising model, the benefits and challenges of the program, and lessons learned. Several methods were used to understand the perceived benefits and challenges of the program and experiences of students who utilized the Peer Advising Center. The data for this evaluation were drawn from three sources: (1) archival records from the Peer Advising Center; (2) feedback from PAs who completed the year-long internship; and (3) a survey of students who utilized the Peer Advising Center. Results of this preliminary evaluation indicate that PAs gain valuable skills that they can carry into their professional world. The program is also a way to engage students in building community within the major. PMID:25601907

  20. A pilot study evaluating use of a computer-assisted neurorehabilitation platform for upper-extremity stroke assessment

    PubMed Central

    Feng, Xin; Winters, Jack M

    2009-01-01

    Background There is a need to develop cost-effective, sensitive stroke assessment instruments. One approach is examining kinematic measures derived from goal-directed tasks, which can potentially be sensitive to the subtle changes in the stroke rehabilitation process. This paper presents the findings from a pilot study that uses a computer-assisted neurorehabilitation platform, interfaced with a conventional force-reflecting joystick, to examine the assessment capability of the system by various types of goal-directed tasks. Methods Both stroke subjects with hemiparesis and able-bodied subjects used the force-reflecting joystick to complete a suite of goal-directed tasks under various task settings. Kinematic metrics, developed for specific types of goal-directed tasks, were used to assess various aspects of upper-extremity motor performance across subjects. Results A number of metrics based on kinematic performance were able to differentiate subjects with different impairment levels, with metrics associated with accuracy, steadiness and speed consistency showing the best capability. Significant differences were also shown on these metrics between various force field settings. Conclusion The results support the potential of using UniTherapy software with a conventional joystick system as an upper-extremity assessment instrument. We demonstrated the ability of using various types of goal-directed tasks to distinguish between subjects with different impairment levels. In addition, we were able to show that different force fields have a significant effect on the performance across subjects with different impairment levels in the trajectory tracking task. These results provide motivation for studies with a larger sample size that can more completely span the impairment space, and can use insights presented here to refine considerations of various task settings so as to generalize and extend our conclusions. PMID:19476637

  1. [Prospects of computer-assisted assessment of functional health status of military personnel].

    PubMed

    Blaginin, A A; Ganapolskii, V P; Goncharenko, A Yu; Emelyanov, Yu A; Zhiltsova, I I; Sinelnikov, S N; Yusupov, V V

    2015-08-01

    The article is devoted to the development of:an integrated system for remote assessment of the functional state of the military serivcemen. A review of domestic and foreign literature concerning this problem is presented and proposed a new look and approach to monitoring the combat capability of the military servicemen. The authors carried out analysis of the possibility of using accumulated experience and the use of high-tech means to solve an assigned task at the level and gave a concrete way to solve this task at the current stage to improve the quality of health care and the efficiency of professional activity of servicemen.

  2. Irradiation Programs and Test Plans to Assess High-Fluence Irradiation Assisted Stress Corrosion Cracking Susceptibility.

    SciTech Connect

    Teysseyre, Sebastien

    2015-03-01

    . Irradiation assisted stress corrosion cracking (IASCC) is a known issue in current reactors. In a 60 year lifetime, reactor core internals may experience fluence levels up to 15 dpa for boiling water reactors (BWR) and 100+ dpa for pressurized water reactors (PWR). To support a safe operation of our fleet of reactors and maintain their economic viability it is important to be able to predict any evolution of material behaviors as reactors age and therefore fluence accumulated by reactor core component increases. For PWR reactors, the difficulty to predict high fluence behavior comes from the fact that there is not a consensus of the mechanism of IASCC and that little data is available. It is however possible to use the current state of knowledge on the evolution of irradiated microstructure and on the processes that influences IASCC to emit hypotheses. This report identifies several potential changes in microstructure and proposes to identify their potential impact of IASCC. The susceptibility of a component to high fluence IASCC is considered to not only depends on the intrinsic IASCC susceptibility of the component due to radiation effects on the material but to also be related to the evolution of the loading history of the material and interaction with the environment as total fluence increases. Single variation type experiments are proposed to be performed with materials that are representative of PWR condition and with materials irradiated in other conditions. To address the lack of IASCC propagation and initiation data generated with material irradiated in PWR condition, it is proposed to investigate the effect of spectrum and flux rate on the evolution of microstructure. A long term irradiation, aimed to generate a well-controlled irradiation history on a set on selected materials is also proposed for consideration. For BWR, the study of available data permitted to identify an area of concern for long term performance of component. The efficiency of

  3. A Performance Assessment of an Airborne Separation Assistance System Using Realistic Complex Traffic Flows

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Smith, Jeremy C.; Bussink, Frank J. L.

    2008-01-01

    This paper presents the results from a study that investigates the performance of a tactical Airborne Separation Assistance System (ASAS) in en route airspace, under varying demand levels, with realistic traffic flows. The ASAS concept studied here allows flight crews of equipped aircraft to perform separation from other air traffic autonomously. This study addresses the tactical aspects of an ASAS using aircraft state data (i.e. position and velocity) to detect and resolve projected conflicts. In addition, use of a conflict prevention system helps ASAS-equipped aircraft avoid maneuvers that may cause new conflicts. ASAS-capable aircraft are equipped with satellite-based navigation and Automatic Dependent Surveillance Broadcast (ADS-B) for transmission and receipt of aircraft state data. In addition to tactical conflict detection and resolution (CD&R), a complete, integrated ASAS is likely to incorporate a strategic CD&R component with a longer look-ahead time, using trajectory intent information. A system-wide traffic flow management (TFM) component, located at the FAA command center helps aircraft to avoid regions of excessive traffic density and complexity. A Traffic Alert and Collision Avoidance System (TCAS), as used today is the system of last resort. This integrated approach avoids sole reliance on the use of the tactical CD&R studied here, but the tactical component remains a critical element of the complete ASAS. The focus of this paper is to determine to what extent the proposed tactical component of ASAS alone can maintain aircraft separation at demand levels up to three times that of current traffic. The study also investigates the effect of mixing ASAS-equipped aircraft with unequipped aircraft (i.e. current day) that do not have the capability to self-separate. Position and velocity data for unequipped aircraft needs to be available to ASASequipped. Most likely, for this future concept, state data would be available from instrument flight rules (IFR

  4. A new contrast-assisted method in microcirculation volumetric flow assessment

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lu, Sheng-Yi; Chen, Yung-Sheng; Yeh, Chih-Kuang

    2007-03-01

    Microcirculation volumetric flow rate is a significant index in diseases diagnosis and treatment such as diabetes and cancer. In this study, we propose an integrated algorithm to assess microcirculation volumetric flow rate including estimation of blood perfused area and corresponding flow velocity maps based on high frequency destruction/contrast replenishment imaging technique. The perfused area indicates the blood flow regions including capillaries, arterioles and venules. Due to the echo variance changes between ultrasonic contrast agents (UCAs) pre- and post-destruction two images, the perfused area can be estimated by the correlation-based approach. The flow velocity distribution within the perfused area can be estimated by refilling time-intensity curves (TICs) after UCAs destruction. Most studies introduced the rising exponential model proposed by Wei (1998) to fit the TICs. Nevertheless, we found the TICs profile has a great resemblance to sigmoid function in simulations and in vitro experiments results. Good fitting correlation reveals that sigmoid model was more close to actual fact in describing destruction/contrast replenishment phenomenon. We derived that the saddle point of sigmoid model is proportional to blood flow velocity. A strong linear relationship (R = 0.97) between the actual flow velocities (0.4-2.1 mm/s) and the estimated saddle constants was found in M-mode and B-mode flow phantom experiments. Potential applications of this technique include high-resolution volumetric flow rate assessment in small animal tumor and the evaluation of superficial vasculature in clinical studies.

  5. A Pilot Study to Assess the Feasibility of Group Exercise and Animal-Assisted Therapy in Older Adults.

    PubMed

    Grubbs, Brandon; Artese, Ashley; Schmitt, Karla; Cormier, Eileen; Panton, Lynn

    2016-04-01

    This pilot study assessed the feasibility of incorporating animal-assisted therapy teams (ATT) into a 6-week group exercise program for older adults (77 ± 6 years). Fifteen participants were randomly assigned to an exercise with ATT (E+ATT; n = 8) or exercise only (E; n = 7) group. Groups exercised 3x/week for 45 min. Feasibility was assessed by three objectives: (1) ATT will not need extensive preparation beyond their original therapy training; (2) the study will require minimal cost; and (3) ATT must not impair the effectiveness of the exercise program. By the study conclusion, all objectives were met. Time and cost were minimal for ATT, and adherence was 93% and 90% for E+ATT and E, respectively. There were significant improvements in both groups (p ≤ .05) for arm curls, get-up and go, and 6-min walk. The results of this pilot study suggest that it is feasible to incorporate ATT into group exercise programming for older adults.

  6. Assessing the calf pulmonary function during a long-term biventricular assist device study with a centrifugal blood pump.

    PubMed

    Nonaka, Kenji; Linneweber, Joerg; Ichikawa, Seiji; Kawahito, Shinji; Motomura, Tadashi; Ishitoya, Hiroshi; Oestmann, Daniel; Glueck, Julia; Nosé, Yukihiko

    2002-11-01

    Pulmonary congestion due to inappropriate pump flow management is one major problem necessary to avoid during long-term biventricular assist device (BVAD) implantation. Our objective was to assess the effects of pulmonary arterial flow rate and flow rates of both (right and left) bypass pumps. Six healthy calves, which had been implanted with a BVAD system, were selected for this retrospective study. Pulmonary artery flows, both pump flow rates, oxygen saturation of the arterial blood, and pulmonary arterial pressures were assessed as parameters of pulmonary function as was routine clinical evaluation of respiratory rate and character and chest auscultation. The average pulmonary artery flow rate (PAF), systolic pressure of pulmonary artery (sPAP), and oxygen saturation were 148.8 ml/kg per min, 35.1 mm Hg, and 95.3%, respectively. Pulmonary dysfunction occurred in one case, in which the mean PAF, sPAP, and oxygen saturation were 169 ml/kg per min, 66.1 mm Hg, and 90.9%, respectively. The ratio for the right/left pump flow rate (R/L ratio) for the case having pulmonary dysfunction was 1.57 even though the ratio for the other cases was less than 1. Maintaining an R/L ratio less than 1 and/or PAF less than 160 ml/kg per min and PAP less than 50 mm Hg is recommended as the initial conditions to target to avoid pulmonary dysfunction during a BVAD implantation with a beating heart condition.

  7. Assessment of solar-assisted gas-fired heat pump systems

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lansing, F. L.

    1981-01-01

    As a possible application for the Goldstone Energy Project, the performance of a 10 ton heat pump unit using a hybrid solar gas energy source was evaluated in an effort to optimize the solar collector size. The heat pump system is designed to provide all the cooling and/or heating requirements of a selected office building. The system performance is to be augmented in the heating mode by utilizing the waste heat from the power cycle. A simplified system analysis is described to assess and compute interrrelationships of the engine, heat pump, and solar and building performance parameters, and to optimize the solar concentrator/building area ratio for a minimum total system cost. In addition, four alternative heating cooling systems, commonly used for building comfort, are described; their costs are compared, and are found to be less competitive with the gas solar heat pump system at the projected solar equipment costs.

  8. Ecological Risk Assessment of EDTA-Assisted Phytoremediation of Cd Under Different Cultivation Systems.

    PubMed

    Luo, Jie; Qi, Shihua; Gu, X W Sophie; Hou, Tao; Lin, Lihong

    2016-02-01

    A long-term field experiment was designed to assess remediation efficiency and ecological risk of phytoremediation of Cd under different cultivation systems with or without ethylene diamine tetraacetic acid (EDTA). EDTA can significantly improve the phytoremediation effectiveness of a historically polluted e-waste dismantling site through enhancing Cd uptake by plants in all cultivation systems along with higher ecological risks to different receptors especially in the presence of Cicer arietinum (chickpea). Moisture content at each layer of soil profile under Eucalyptus globules L. cultivated sites was consistently lower than under chickpea monoculture as a result of E. globules' high water use efficiency. Besides low soil moisture, E. globules can intercept more Cd-rich leachate than chickpea regardless of the presence of EDTA. E. globules could be used for Cd phytoremediation as they can take full advantage of EDTA and decrease ecological risk caused by the chelator.

  9. Assessment of solar-assisted gas-fired heat pump systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lansing, F. L.

    1981-06-01

    As a possible application for the Goldstone Energy Project, the performance of a 10 ton heat pump unit using a hybrid solar gas energy source was evaluated in an effort to optimize the solar collector size. The heat pump system is designed to provide all the cooling and/or heating requirements of a selected office building. The system performance is to be augmented in the heating mode by utilizing the waste heat from the power cycle. A simplified system analysis is described to assess and compute interrrelationships of the engine, heat pump, and solar and building performance parameters, and to optimize the solar concentrator/building area ratio for a minimum total system cost. In addition, four alternative heating cooling systems, commonly used for building comfort, are described; their costs are compared, and are found to be less competitive with the gas solar heat pump system at the projected solar equipment costs.

  10. 17 CFR 275.206(4)-4 - Financial and disciplinary information that investment advisers must disclose to clients.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... information that investment advisers must disclose to clients. 275.206(4)-4 Section 275.206(4)-4 Commodity and Securities Exchanges SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION (CONTINUED) RULES AND REGULATIONS, INVESTMENT ADVISERS ACT OF 1940 § 275.206(4)-4 Financial and disciplinary information that investment advisers...

  11. Use of a Team-Based Approach to Assistive Technology Assessment and Planning for Children with Multiple Disabilities: A Pilot Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Copley, Jodie; Ziviani, Jenny

    2007-01-01

    This pilot study trialed a team-based assistive technology assessment and planning process for children with multiple disabilities and their educational teams, in order to inform a wider study using explanatory case study methodology. Fourteen students and their educational teams participated in the process, which incorporated use of the Lifespace…

  12. Assessment of the applicability of a "toolbox" designed for microbially assisted phytoremediation: the case study at Ingurtosu mining site (Italy).

    PubMed

    Sprocati, Anna Rosa; Alisi, Chiara; Pinto, Valentina; Montereali, Maria Rita; Marconi, Paola; Tasso, Flavia; Turnau, Katarzyna; De Giudici, Giovanni; Goralska, Katarzyna; Bevilacqua, Marta; Marini, Federico; Cremisini, Carlo

    2014-01-01

    The paper describes the fieldwork at the Italian test site of the abandoned mine of sphalerite and galena in Ingurtosu (Sardinia), with the aim to assess the applicability of a "toolbox" to establish the optimized techniques for remediation of soils contaminated by mining activities. A preliminary characterization-including (hydro)geochemistry, heavy metal concentration and their mobility in soil, bioprospecting for microbiology and botany-provided a data set for the development of a toolbox to deliver a microbially assisted phytoremediation process. Euphorbia pithyusa was selected as an endemic pioneer plant to be associated with a bacterial consortium, established with ten selected native strains, including metal-tolerant bacteria and producers of plant growth factors. The toolbox was firstly assessed in a greenhouse pot experiment. A positive effect of bacterial inoculum on E. pithyusa germination and total plant survival was observed. E. pithyusa showed to be a well-performing metallophyte species, and only inoculated soil retained a microbial activity with a high functional diversity, expanding metabolic affinity also towards root exudates. These results supported the decision to proceed with a field trial, investigating different treatments used singly or in combination: bioaugmentation with bacterial consortia, mycorrhizal fungi and a commercial mineral amendment. Microbial activity in soil, plant physiological parameters and heavy metal content in plants and in soil were monitored. Five months after the beginning, an early assessment of the toolbox under field conditions was carried out. Despite the cold season (October-March), results suggested the following: (1) the field setup as well as the experimental design proved to be effective; (2) plant survival was satisfactory; (3) soil quality was increased and bioaugmentation improved microbial activity, expanding the metabolic competences towards plant interaction (root exudates); and (4) multivariate

  13. Life cycle assessment of facile microwave-assisted zinc oxide (ZnO) nanostructures.

    PubMed

    Papadaki, D; Foteinis, S; Mhlongo, G H; Nkosi, S S; Motaung, D E; Ray, S S; Tsoutsos, T; Kiriakidis, G

    2017-05-15

    The life cycle assessment of several zinc oxide (ZnO) nanostructures, fabricated by a facile microwave technique, is presented. Key synthesis parameters such as annealing temperature, varied from 90°C to 220°C, and microwave power, varied from 110W to 710W, are assessed. The effect of these parameters on both the structural characteristics and the environmental sustainability of the nanostructures is examined. The nanostructures were characterized by means of X-ray diffraction (XRD), focused ion beam scanning electron microscopy (FIB-SEM), ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy (UV-Vis), Photoluminescence (PL) and Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) analysis. Crystalline size was found to be 22.40nm at 110W microwave power, 24.83nm at 310W, and 24.01nm at 710W. Microwave power and synthesis temperature were both directly proportional to the surface area. At 110W the surface area was 10.44m(2)/g, at 310W 12.88m(2)/g, and at 710W 14.60m(2)/g; while it was found to be 11.64m(2)/g at 150°C and 18.09m(2)/g at 220°C. Based on these, a life cycle analysis (LCA) of the produced ZnO nanoparticles was carried out, using the ZnO surface area (1m(2)/g) as the functional unit. It was found that the main environmental weaknesses identified during the production process were; (a) the use of ethanol for purifying the produced nanomaterials and (b) the electricity consumption for the ZnO calcination, provided by South Africa's fossil-fuel dependent electricity source. When the effect of the key synthesis parameters on environmental sustainability was examined it was found that an increase of either microwave power (from 110 to 710W) or synthesis temperatures (from 90 to 220°C), results in higher sustainability, with the environmental footprint reduced by 27% and 41%, respectively. Through a sensitivity analysis, it was observed that an electricity mix based on renewable energy could improve the environmental sustainability of the nanoparticles by 25%.

  14. Advising a Student Newspaper or Yearbook Is Worth All the Blood, Sweat, and Tears!

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Olson, Lyle D.

    1993-01-01

    Maintains that advising a student newspaper or yearbook is an extremely valuable job and that such publications fill a vital role in schools, offer real-world experience, and fit in with the writing-across-the-curriculum movement. (SR)

  15. 77 FR 35263 - Political Contributions by Certain Investment Advisers: Ban on Third-Party Solicitation...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-13

    ...-Party Solicitation; Extension of Compliance Date AGENCY: Securities and Exchange Commission. ACTION: Final rule; extension of compliance date. SUMMARY: The Securities and Exchange Commission (``Commission'' or ``SEC'') is extending the date by which advisers must comply with the ban on...

  16. A Best-Practice Model for Academic Advising of University Biology Majors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Heekin, Jonathan Ralph Calvin

    Biology faculty at an East Coast university believed their undergraduate students were not being well served by the existing academic advising program. The purpose of this mixed methods project study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the academic advising model in a biology department. Guided by system-based organizational theory, a learning organization model, and holistic theory emphasizing an individual's journey of academic and personal growth, an online survey, student focus groups, and faculty interviews were used to collect data, which developed recommendations for improving undergraduate academic advising in the biology department. Using Survey Monkey, 35 surveys were returned. Frequency tables, ANOVAs, and t tests produced the results of the survey. The results of the ANOVAs and t tests indicated statically significant differences (p < .05) between what students determined were important academic advising elements and how they viewed the supported given to them from academic advising. All student respondents agreed that all criteria of academic advising were important, though some criteria were more important than others. Qualitative axial coding was used to extract pertinent data from 5 interviews and 3 focus groups. The results from the interviews and focus groups indicated that the role of mentor should remain at the faculty level, guiding students in what they can do with their degrees and discussing options that students may not have considered. The proposed model for academic advising may improve student success rates for undergraduates enrolled in the biology department at the current institution, as well as in science-oriented programs at other institutions, by providing better guidance to those who serve them in academic advising.

  17. Coupled pot and lysimeter experiments assessing plant performance in microbially assisted phytoremediation.

    PubMed

    Nicoară, Andrei; Neagoe, Aurora; Stancu, Paula; de Giudici, Giovanni; Langella, Francesca; Sprocati, Anna Rosa; Iordache, Virgil; Kothe, Erika

    2014-01-01

    We performed an experiment at pot scale to assess the effect of plant growth-promoting bacteria (PGPB) on the development of five plant species grown on a tailing dam substrate. None of the species even germinated on inoculated unamended tailing material, prompting use of compost amendment. The effect of inoculation on the amended material was to increase soil respiration, and promote elements immobilisation at plant root surface. This was associated with a decrease in the concentrations of elements in the leaching water and an increase of plant biomass, statistically significant in the case of two species: Agrostis capillaris and Festuca rubra. The experiment was repeated at lysimeter scale with the species showing the best development at pot scale, A. capillaris, and the significant total biomass increase as a result of inoculation was confirmed. The patterns of element distribution in plants also changed (the concentrations of metals in the roots of A. capillaris and F. rubra significantly decreased in inoculated treatments, while phosphorus concentration significantly increased in roots of A. capillaris in inoculated treatment at lysimeter scale). Measured variables for plant oxidative stress did not change after inoculations. There were differences of A. capillaris plant-soil system response between experimental scales as a result of different substrate column structure and plant age at the sampling moment. Soil respiration was significantly larger at lysimeter scale than at pot scale. Leachate concentrations of As, Mn and Ni had significantly larger concentrations at lysimeter scale than at pot scale, while Zn concentrations were significantly smaller. Concentrations of several metals were significantly smaller in A. capillaris at lysimeter scale than at pot scale. From an applied perspective, a system A. capillaris-compost-PGPB selected from the rhizosphere of the tailing dam native plants can be an option for the phytostabilisation of tailing dams. Results

  18. Academic Advising as a Developmental Process. Proceedings of the National Conference on Academic Advising (4th, Asheville, North Carolina, October 19-22, 1980).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Higginson, Linda C., Ed.; And Others

    Proceedings of the 1980 National Conference on Academic Advising are presented. The more than 50 papers are organized as general sessions, preconference workshops, and paper sessions. For the paper sessions, summaries are presented, which are either written by the presenters or the publication editors. Articles and authors include the following:…

  19. Training veterinarians and agricultural advisers on a novel tool for tail biting prevention

    PubMed Central

    vom Brocke, A. L.; Madey, D. P.; Gauly, M.; Schrader, L.; Dippel, S.

    2015-01-01

    Introduction Many health and welfare problems in modern livestock production are multifactorial problems which require innovative solutions, such as novel risk assessment and management tools. However, the best way to distribute such novel - and usually complex - tools to the key applicants still has to be discussed. Materials and methods This paper shares experiences from distributing a novel tail biting prevention tool (‘SchwIP’) to 115 farm advisers and 19 veterinarians in 23 one-day workshops. Participants gave written and oral feedback at the end of the workshops, which was later analysed together with the number of farms they had visited after the workshops. Workshop groups were categorised into groups showing (a) HIGH, (b) INTermediate or (c) LOW levels of antagonism against SchwIP or parts of it during workshop discussions. Results Group types did not significantly differ in their evaluation of knowledge transfer. However, HIGH group members evaluated the on-farm usability of the tool significantly lower in the workshop feedback and tended to visit fewer farms. Conclusions As antagonistic discussion can influence workshop output, future workshop leaders should strive for basic communication training as well as some group leadership experience before setting up and leading workshops. PMID:26392897

  20. The Role of Pest Control Advisers in Preventative Management of Grapevine Trunk Diseases.

    PubMed

    Hillis, Vicken; Lubell, Mark; Kaplan, Jonathan; Doll, David; Baumgartner, Kendra

    2016-04-01

    Vineyards with trunk diseases (Botryosphaeria dieback, Esca, Eutypa dieback, and Phomopsis dieback) can have negative returns in the long run. Minimizing economic impacts depends on effective management, but adopting a preventative practice after infection occurs may not improve yields. Pest control advisers may reduce grower uncertainty about the efficacy of and need for prevention, which often entails future and unobservable benefits. Here, we surveyed advisers in California to examine their influence over grower decision-making, in the context of trunk diseases, which significantly limit grape production and for which curative practices are unavailable. Our online survey revealed adviser awareness of high disease incidence, and reduced yields and vineyard lifespan. Advisers rated both preventative and postinfection practices positively. Despite higher cost estimates given to postinfection practices, advisers did not recommend preventative practices at higher rates. High recommendation rates were instead correlated with high disease incidence for both preventative and postinfection practices. Recommendation rates declined with increasing cost for preventative, but not for postinfection, practices. Our findings suggest that even when advisers acknowledge the risks of trunk diseases, they may not recommend preventative practices before infection occurs. This underscores the importance of clear outreach, emphasizing both the need for prevention and its long-term cost efficacy.

  1. Development of a novel technique to assess the vulnerability of micro-mechanical system components to environmentally assisted cracking.

    SciTech Connect

    Enos, David George; Goods, Steven Howard

    2006-11-01

    Microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) will play an important functional role in future DOE weapon and Homeland Security applications. If these emerging technologies are to be applied successfully, it is imperative that the long-term degradation of the materials of construction be understood. Unlike electrical devices, MEMS devices have a mechanical aspect to their function. Some components (e.g., springs) will be subjected to stresses beyond whatever residual stresses exist from fabrication. These stresses, combined with possible abnormal exposure environments (e.g., humidity, contamination), introduce a vulnerability to environmentally assisted cracking (EAC). EAC is manifested as the nucleation and propagation of a stable crack at mechanical loads/stresses far below what would be expected based solely upon the materials mechanical properties. If not addressed, EAC can lead to sudden, catastrophic failure. Considering the materials of construction and the very small feature size, EAC represents a high-risk environmentally induced degradation mode for MEMS devices. Currently, the lack of applicable characterization techniques is preventing the needed vulnerability assessment. The objective of this work is to address this deficiency by developing techniques to detect and quantify EAC in MEMS materials and structures. Such techniques will allow real-time detection of crack initiation and propagation. The information gained will establish the appropriate combinations of environment (defining packaging requirements), local stress levels, and metallurgical factors (composition, grain size and orientation) that must be achieved to prevent EAC.

  2. Brief communication: assessment and validation of nonspermicidal condoms as specimen collection sheaths for semen analysis and assisted conception.

    PubMed

    Tomlinson, M J; Naeem, A; Hopkisson, J F; Campbell, B

    2012-09-01

    The choice of nonspermicidal sheaths for specimen collection for diagnosis and/or fertility treatment is limited. Those that are available tend to be relatively expensive and as a results, offered selectively to patients. This study describes the evaluation of three over-the-counter nonspermicidal condoms as alternatives to specialized specimen collection sheaths. Sheaths were incubated with motile sperm for up to 2 h and the percent Grade A motility, percent progressive motility and progressive velocity assessed using an 'in-house' computer-assisted semen analysis system every 30 min. Two of the sheaths tested, Pasante Naturelle (PN) and the Durex Avanti Ultima were shown to be highly toxic to sperm, leading to immobilization of most specimens within 1 h. However the loss of sperm motility when sperm were incubated with the Pasante Unique (PU) condom was no greater than with either the control (rigid 60 ml specimen container) or the Male Factor Pak (MFP), a commercially available specialized semen collection sheath. In conclusion, the PU brand of condom could be used as a cheaper alternative to the specimen collection sheaths currently available. Furthermore, some brands of condom sold as nonspermicidal are in fact toxic to sperm and will immobilize most specimens within 1 h.

  3. Improved wound management by regulated negative pressure-assisted wound therapy and regulated, oxygen- enriched negative pressure-assisted wound therapy through basic science research and clinical assessment.

    PubMed

    Topaz, Moris

    2012-05-01

    Regulated negative pressure-assisted wound therapy (RNPT) should be regarded as a state-of-the-art technology in wound treatment and the most important physical, nonpharmaceutical, platform technology developed and applied for wound healing in the last two decades. RNPT systems maintain the treated wound's environment as a semi-closed, semi-isolated system applying external physical stimulations to the wound, leading to biological and biochemical effects, with the potential to substantially influence wound-host interactions, and when properly applied may enhance wound healing. RNPT is a simple, safe, and affordable tool that can be utilized in a wide range of acute and chronic conditions, with reduced need for complicated surgical procedures, and antibiotic treatment. This technology has been shown to be effective and safe, saving limbs and lives on a global scale. Regulated, oxygen-enriched negative pressure-assisted wound therapy (RO-NPT) is an innovative technology, whereby supplemental oxygen is concurrently administered with RNPT for their synergistic effect on treatment and prophylaxis of anaerobic wound infection and promotion of wound healing. Understanding the basic science, modes of operation and the associated risks of these technologies through their fundamental clinical mechanisms is the main objective of this review.

  4. Advising Students about Required Grade-Point Averages

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moore, W. Kent

    2006-01-01

    Sophomores interested in professional colleges with grade-point average (GPA) standards for admission to upper division courses will need specific and realistic information concerning the requirements. Specifically, those who fall short of the standard must assess the likelihood of achieving the necessary GPA for professional program admission.…

  5. A Causal Model for Assessing Problems of Dutch Research Assistants (PhD-Students). ASHE Annual Meeting Paper.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    van Hout, Hans

    This study examined the problems of postgraduate research assistants in the Netherlands. The study was conducted as a result of Government plans to introduce a new educational system for obtraining a doctorate equivalent to a Ph.D.--the "assistants-in-training system" (aio system). On the basis of a literature study on the American and…

  6. Intelligent Computer-Assisted Instruction: A Review and Assessment of ICAI Research and Its Potential for Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dede, Christopher J.; And Others

    The first of five sections in this report places intelligent computer-assisted instruction (ICAI) in its historical context through discussions of traditional computer-assisted instruction (CAI) linear and branching programs; TICCIT and PLATO IV, two CAI demonstration projects funded by the National Science Foundation; generative programs, the…

  7. Committee of Visitors Advises NSF Division of Ocean Sciences

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fine, Rana; Beardsley, Robert; Bontempi, Paula; Campbell, Janet; Chotiros, Nick; Klein, Emily; North, Elizabeth; Olsen, Curtis; Robles, Carlos; Seyfried, William; Thomas, Debbie

    2010-02-01

    The U.S. National Science Foundation (NSF) relies on external Committees of Visitors (COV) convened every 3 years to assess the quality and integrity of program operations and program-level technical and managerial matters pertaining to proposal decisions. Members of COVs are chosen by program officers and division directors to represent scientific diversity, in terms of disciplines, institutions, and potential principal investigators (PIs). One such COV recently assessed NSF's Ocean Sciences (OCE) division. The COV for OCE found that the science receiving funding is highly relevant to the overarching objectives of NSF and that the OCE peer-review process is robust. Further, the COV found that program officers—NSF staff who manage programs in ocean sciences and administer proposals and grants—are conscientious and are funding projects of top quality that are well balanced across a broad spectrum.

  8. Electrical impedance map (EIM) for margin assessment during robot-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy (RALP) using a microendoscopic probe

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mahara, Aditya; Khan, Shadab; Schned, Alan R.; Hyams, Elias S.; Halter, Ryan J.

    2015-03-01

    Positive surgical margins (PSMs) found following prostate cancer surgery are a significant risk factor for post-operative disease recurrence. Noxious adjuvant radiation and chemical-based therapies are typically offered to men with PSMs. Unfortunately, no real-time intraoperative technology is currently available to guide surgeons to regions of suspicion during the initial prostatectomy where immediate surgical excisions could be used to reduce the chance of PSMs. A microendoscopic electrical impedance sensing probe was developed with the intention of providing real-time feedback regarding margin status to surgeons during robot-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy (RALP) procedures. A radially configured 17-electrode microendoscopic probe was designed, constructed, and initially evaluated through use of gelatin-based phantoms and an ex vivo human prostate specimen. Impedance measurements are recorded at 10 frequencies (10 kHz - 100 kHz) using a high-speed FPGA-based electrical impedance tomography (EIT) system. Tetrapolar impedances are recorded from a number of different electrode configurations strategically chosen to sense tissue in a pre-defined sector underlying the probe face. A circular electrical impedance map (EIM) with several color-coded pie-shaped sectors is created to represent the impedance values of the probed tissue. Gelatin phantom experiments show an obvious distinction in the impedance maps between high and low impedance regions. Similarly, the EIM generated from the ex vivo prostate case shows distinguishing features between cancerous and benign regions. Based on successful development of this probe and these promising initial results, EIMs of additional prostate specimens are being collected to further evaluate this approach for intraoperative surgical margin assessment during RALP procedures.

  9. Comprehensive Risk Assessments of MOD and MOI Financial Management Capacity Could Improve Oversight of Over $4 Billion in Direct Assistance Funding

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-11-01

    with Afghanistan’s Ministry of Finance ( MOF ). We also suggest the Commanding General, Combined Security Transition Command-Afghanistan (CSTC-A...financial management assessments of other Afghan institutions involved in the budget process, such as the Ministry of Finance ( MOF ). Further, CSTC-A...ISAF) personnel working directly with the MOF , and (4) a proposed process to withhold direct assistance in the event that unauthorized spending is

  10. Novel methods and self-reinforced composite materials for assessment and prevention of mechanically assisted corrosion in modular implants

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ouellette, Eric S.

    Novel methods for assessing the electrochemical and micromechanical performance of modular tapers were evaluated, and self-reinforced composite materials were developed for their potential to prevent the onset of mechanically assisted corrosion in modular taper devices. A study of the seating and taper locking mechanics of modular taper samples was conducted, and the effect on taper engagement strength of seating load, loading rate, taper moisture, and taper design/material combination was studied. The load-displacement behavior was captured during seating, and the subsequent pull off load was correlated to seating displacement, seating energy, and seating load. The primary factor affecting taper engagement strength was seating load, and loading rate and design/material factors did not have a significant impact on the quality of the taper engagement. Next, the effect of variation of 7 different design, material, and surgical factors on the fretting corrosion and micromechanical behavior during incremental cyclic fretting corrosion testing was examined using a design of experiments matrix. Seating load and head offset length were the most influential factors affecting fretting corrosion, with low seating loads and high head offsets giving rise to increased currents during sequentially incremented cyclic loads. Poly(ether ether ketone) (PEEK) fibers were produced, and the effects of varying draw down ratio, molecular weight, and post-spinning treatment on the structural and mechanical properties of the fibers were studied. Highly drawn fibers showed the highest increase in molecular orientation and mechanical properties. PEEK fibers were then utilized in the design and fabrication of self-reinforced composite PEEK (SRC-PEEK) thin film composites, and self-reinforced composite ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene (SRC-PE) produced from Spectra fiber was also introduced. Pin on disk studies were employed to understand the potential of both of these SRC materials to

  11. Humanitarian assistance medicine: perceptions of preparedness: a survey-based needs assessment of recent U.S. Army internal medicine residency graduates.

    PubMed

    DeZee, Kent J; Berbano, Elizabeth P; Wilson, Ramey L; Rinaldo, Jean E

    2006-09-01

    The U.S. military provides humanitarian assistance in many areas around the globe. With recent changes in the force structure of the U.S. Army, internal medicine physicians are now at the forefront of providing this care, but the extent of their involvement is not known. This study measured the frequency with which recently trained Army internists provided humanitarian assistance, and it assessed their perceived preparedness for such missions. All graduates from Army internal medicine programs for 4 consecutive years were invited by e-mail to participate in an Internet-based survey. Eighty-nine personnel (49% of those contacted) completed the survey. Of those in a deployable position for >6 months, 72% provided medical humanitarian assistance. Most thought that additional training was needed, especially in tropical disease management, sanitation, and the practices of civilian humanitarian workers. This study demonstrates that military-trained internists are frequently involved in humanitarian assistance medicine, and it suggests that they might benefit from additional training.

  12. The Impact of Appreciative Advising and a Grounded Theory of Catholic Identity Development among Students in a First-Year, Faith-Based Leadership Learning Community at a Catholic, Urban University

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walters, James R.

    2014-01-01

    The present study sought to investigate the impact of a first-year, faith-based leadership learning community in a Catholic, urban and northeastern institution of higher education. The research assessed the impact of the organizational model of appreciative advising, utilized as the framework for the curriculum of this first-year program. This…

  13. 20 CFR 725.711 - Requests for referral to vocational rehabilitation assistance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... rehabilitation assistance. 725.711 Section 725.711 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT STANDARDS ADMINISTRATION... Vocational Rehabilitation § 725.711 Requests for referral to vocational rehabilitation assistance. Each miner... informed by the OWCP of the availability and advisability of vocational rehabilitation services. If...

  14. 34 CFR 200.40 - Technical assistance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... technical assistance must include the following: (1) Assistance in analyzing data from the State assessment...) Assistance in analyzing and revising the school's budget so that the school allocates its resources...

  15. 34 CFR 200.40 - Technical assistance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... technical assistance must include the following: (1) Assistance in analyzing data from the State assessment...) Assistance in analyzing and revising the school's budget so that the school allocates its resources...

  16. 34 CFR 200.40 - Technical assistance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... technical assistance must include the following: (1) Assistance in analyzing data from the State assessment...) Assistance in analyzing and revising the school's budget so that the school allocates its resources...

  17. 34 CFR 200.40 - Technical assistance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... technical assistance must include the following: (1) Assistance in analyzing data from the State assessment...) Assistance in analyzing and revising the school's budget so that the school allocates its resources...

  18. 34 CFR 200.40 - Technical assistance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... technical assistance must include the following: (1) Assistance in analyzing data from the State assessment...) Assistance in analyzing and revising the school's budget so that the school allocates its resources...

  19. 'Hey everybody, don't get pregnant': Zika, WHO and an ethical framework for advising.

    PubMed

    Byron, Katie; Howard, Dana

    2016-12-05

    WHO recently issued new guidance on the prevention of sexual transmission of Zika virus. The updated guidance states that '[c]ountry health programmes should ensure that… [i]n order to prevent adverse pregnancy and fetal outcomes, men and women of reproductive age, living in areas where local transmission of Zika virus is known to occur, be correctly informed and oriented to consider delaying pregnancy'. While the media has reported this advice as WHO telling couples in Zika-affected regions to avoid pregnancy, WHO states that they are not doing that. In an interview with the New York Times, a spokesperson from WHO stated, 'it's important to understand that this is not WHO saying, "Hey everybody, don't get pregnant." It's that they should be advised about this, so they themselves can make the final decision'. In this statement, the WHO's spokesperson distinguishes between actively directing individuals to delay pregnancy and advising them, which is portrayed as a merely informative act that facilitates but does not direct an individual's final decision. This paper proposes that advising should not be understood as a purely informational and non-directive act. The choices that agencies make in what advice to offer and to whom to offer the advice are ethical choices with practical implications. We will thus lay out a framework for considering the ethical issues that arise in the context of advising and demonstrate how it can be used to evaluate the WHO guidance.

  20. Planning for Veterans' Success: The Degree Map as an Advising Solution

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Richardson, Tracey M.; Ruckert, Jason M.; Marion, James W.

    2015-01-01

    Due to the expected influx of veterans attending college, it is critical that higher education not only be cognizant of the projected growth but also take a proactive stand and properly plan for these students' success. Academic planning begins with advising professionals developing open communications and becoming equipped to guide veteran…

  1. Treatment Adherence in a Lay Health Adviser Intervention to Treat Tobacco Dependence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hood, N. E.; Ferketich, A. K.; Paskett, E. D.; Wewers, M. E.

    2013-01-01

    Lay health advisers (LHAs) are increasingly used to deliver tobacco dependence treatment, especially with low-socioeconomic status (SES) populations. More information is needed about treatment adherence to help interpret mixed evidence of LHA intervention effectiveness. This study examined adherence to behavioral counseling and nicotine patches in…

  2. So You've Been Asked to Advise a Student Publication

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ewell, Janet

    2007-01-01

    Writer's workshops provide students with the appropriate processes they need to learn about publishing and First Amendment freedoms when collaborating on a school newspaper. High school teacher and journalism adviser Janet Ewell outlines the structures students can use for learning to find, research, develop, respond to, and reflect on story…

  3. 12 CFR 703.5 - Discretionary control over investments and investment advisers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Discretionary control over investments and investment advisers. 703.5 Section 703.5 Banks and Banking NATIONAL CREDIT UNION ADMINISTRATION REGULATIONS AFFECTING CREDIT UNIONS INVESTMENT AND DEPOSIT ACTIVITIES § 703.5 Discretionary control over investments...

  4. 12 CFR 703.5 - Discretionary control over investments and investment advisers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Discretionary control over investments and investment advisers. 703.5 Section 703.5 Banks and Banking NATIONAL CREDIT UNION ADMINISTRATION REGULATIONS AFFECTING CREDIT UNIONS INVESTMENT AND DEPOSIT ACTIVITIES § 703.5 Discretionary control over investments...

  5. Effective Learning Advisers' Perceptions of Their Role in Supporting Lifelong Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Loads, Daphne

    2007-01-01

    This project investigated how Effective Learning Advisers in Scottish Higher Education Institutions perceive their role in supporting lifelong learning, particularly with regard to academic writing. Semi-structured interviews were carried out with five participants, and data were analysed in the light of Griffin's analysis of the purposes behind…

  6. International Exchange with a Disability: Enhancing Experiences Abroad through Advising and Mentoring (Practice Brief)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Holben, Ashley; Özel, Claire

    2015-01-01

    Through interaction with an advisor or peer mentor and through exposure to the experiences of role models, students with disabilities gain an appreciation of the potential challenges and benefits of international exchange and make informed choices about whether, where, and how to go abroad. By adopting strategies for inclusive advising and role…

  7. 13 CFR 108.510 - SBA approval of NMVC Company's Investment Adviser/Manager.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... to the Small Businesses in your Portfolio; and (2) Indicate the basis for computing Management... ADMINISTRATION NEW MARKETS VENTURE CAPITAL (âNMVCâ) PROGRAM Managing the Operations of a NMVC Company Management... prior written approval of the management contract. SBA's approval of an Investment Adviser/Manager...

  8. The Relationship between Academic Advising and Student Success in Canadian Colleges: A Review of the Literature

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fricker, Tim

    2015-01-01

    Increasing student retention is complex and no one single intervention can independently solve the student success problem; however, academic advising has been cited more prominently in student success literature as a central feature in a comprehensive strategy to improve student persistence, especially on college campuses. This paper explores…

  9. Advisor, Teacher, Partner: Using the Learning Partnerships Model to Reshape Academic Advising

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pizzolato, Jane Elizabeth

    2008-01-01

    An academic advisor who has built a one-on-one relationship with a student over an extended period is in an ideal position to become a partner in helping shape the advisee's academic experience. In this article, the author discusses using the guiding principles of the Learning Partnerships Model (LPM) to reshape academic advising. The three…

  10. The Role of Help-Seeking Attitudes and Tendencies in Students' Preferences for Academic Advising.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alexitch, Louise R.

    2002-01-01

    First-year undergraduate students (N=361) completed the Learning Orientation-Grade Orientation Scale and two help-seeking inventories to determine whether educational orientation, gender, academic performance, and help-seeking attitudes predicted preferences for academic advising received from professors. Results have implications for providing…

  11. The Placement Process at Colorado Mountain College: Placement Testing and the Advising Matrix.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hadden, Craig

    At Colorado Mountain College (CMC), academic advising is based upon a comparison of students' basic skills with the skill requirements of individual courses. Students who enter CMC to obtain a degree must take placement tests in writing, reading, math, and study skills before they can enroll in classes. The placement test battery includes a…

  12. Building the Bridge: A Phenomenological Examination of Academic Advising's Role in Campus Internationalization

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burton, Shannon Lynn

    2012-01-01

    This dissertation was an exploratory study in the understanding of the campus internationalization process by professional academic advisors at a large research institution with an institutional strategic plan for internationalization. If academic advising is an instructional process by which the learning outcomes of internationalization are…

  13. Issues in Advising the Undecided College Student. The Freshman Year Experience Monograph Series Number 15.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gordon, Virginia N., Ed.

    The purpose of this monograph is to update the research and general information that has been generated about undecided students in the past decade and to offer some practical perspectives on how to administer, advise, and counsel such students. Thirteen chapters include: (1) "A Profile of Undecided College Students" (Willard C.…

  14. Fostering Learner Autonomy: Power and Reciprocity in the Relationship between Language Learner and Language Learning Adviser

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ciekanski, Maud

    2007-01-01

    Developments in lifelong learning and learner autonomy have given fresh impetus to the debate about learning without formal teaching. This paper concerns the educational relationship between learner and adviser in self-directed schemes. Two French self-directed language learning set-ups were observed, one situated at university level (Systeme…

  15. "Saturday Night Live" Goes to High School: Conducting and Advising a Political Science Fair Project

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Allen, Meg; Brewer, Paul R.

    2010-01-01

    This article uses a case study to illustrate how science fair projects--which traditionally focus on "hard science" topics--can contribute to political science education. One of the authors, a high school student, conducted an experimental study of politics for her science fair project. The other author, a faculty member, was asked to advise the…

  16. 7 CFR 4290.510 - Approval of RBIC's Investment Adviser/Manager.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... INVESTMENT COMPANY (âRBICâ) PROGRAM Managing the Operations of a RBIC Management and Compensation § 4290.510... approval of the management contract. Approval of an Investment Adviser/Manager for one RBIC does not indicate approval of that manager for any other RBIC. (b) Management contract. The contract must:...

  17. 13 CFR 107.510 - SBA approval of Licensee's Investment Adviser/Manager.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... ADMINISTRATION SMALL BUSINESS INVESTMENT COMPANIES Managing the Operations of a Licensee Management and... management contract. SBA's approval of an Investment Adviser/Manager for one Licensee does not indicate approval of that manager for any other Licensee. (a) Management contract. The contract must: (1)...

  18. Advising and Acculturation Variables as Predictors of Satisfaction, Sense of Belonging, and Persistence among International Undergraduates

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mataczynski, Lisa

    2013-01-01

    Guided by the work of Hurtado and Carter (1997) as an alternative to Tinto's theory of student departure (1993), the purpose of this quantitative study was to explore the relationship of institutional and cultural factors to satisfaction with academic advising, sense of belonging to campus and retention among international undergraduate…

  19. In Their Own Words: Best Practices for Advising Millennial Students about Majors

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Montag, Tamara; Campo, Jill; Weissman, Julie; Walmsley, Angela; Snell, Alex

    2012-01-01

    Utilizing generational theory, we explored the relationship between Millennial characteristics and students' major selection and academic advising experiences. We conducted focus groups of students with senior standing at a private, midwestern university, and we utilized a closed coding technique to analyze the qualitative data. Consistent with…

  20. A Computer-Based, Student-Operated Advising System for Education Majors.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Milheim, William D.; And Others

    1989-01-01

    Kent State University's College of Education implemented a computer-controlled advising system for undergraduate education students, providing information including program descriptions, deadlines and applications, student teaching, and other topics. Preliminary evaluation shows the system able to answer most-asked questions. (MSE)

  1. Bronx Community College's Developmental Academic Advising Center: An Evolving Model for the Millennium.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Santa Rita, Emilio, D., Jr.

    This paper proposes a model for developmental academic advising (DAA) at New York's Bronx Community College (BCC) and reviews the purposes of DAA and barriers to its implementation. The first section presents a conceptual model of DAA and its priorities, indicating that it functions as an active attempt to stimulate personal and intellectual…

  2. Advising ePortfolios to Improve First-Generation Student Engagement in Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ambrose, G. Alex

    2013-01-01

    This study considers how advising ePortfolios are uniquely situated to address a current challenge in the application of educational technologies: using the right tool for the right job for the right reason at the right time. The particular problem identified for investigation lies at the intersection of two central issues: first, in the age of…

  3. 75 FR 44996 - Study Regarding Obligations of Brokers, Dealers, and Investment Advisers

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-30

    ... the varying scope and terms of retail customer relationships of brokers, dealers, investment advisers..., shortcomings, or overlaps in legal or regulatory standards in the protection of retail customers relating to... INFORMATION CONTACT: Holly Hunter-Ceci, Division of Investment Management, at (202) 551-6825 or Emily...

  4. Throw Me the Online Life Vest: Advising Support as Perceived by Online Students and Advisors

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Phillips, Cassetta L.

    2016-01-01

    This qualitative case study examined the perceptions of advisors and students enrolled in online courses regarding the effectiveness of academic advising services as they affect student success and persistence. This study applied Tinto's model of student integration to understand the interaction between online students and advisors. The data was…

  5. Use of the SAT in Advisement and Placement: What the Research Tells Us

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shaw, Emily J.

    2009-01-01

    Presented at the College Board Western Regional Office (WRO) Forum in San Diego in February 2009. This presentation explores SAT test validity and how it can be used to inform both advisement and placement at the national or institution level. Institutional validity can be measured using the Admitted Class Evaluation Service (ACES) which schools…

  6. Negligence in Academic Advising and Abortion Counseling: Courts Rulings and Implications.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stone, Carolyn

    2002-01-01

    Presents two court cases to illuminate school counselors' legal responsibilities in academic advising and abortion counseling. The cases are presented to show how appellate court decisions can guide and inform future decision making in a variety of malpractice situations, and to equip professionals to exercise even greater care for their minor…

  7. Academic Advising Approaches Used with Foreign-Born Latino Graduate Students: A Mixed-Methods Approach

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gambuzza, Maria Emilia

    2013-01-01

    This applied dissertation was designed to determine the level of satisfaction with the current academic advising approaches used for foreign-born Latino adult learners enrolled in a master's degree program designed specifically for Spanish-speaking immigrants in two Hispanic-serving institutions in Florida. The data collected through this study…

  8. Summer Honors Academy: A Descriptive Analysis and Suggestions for Advising Academically Talented Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Glennen, Robert E.; Martin, David J.; Walden, Heather

    2000-01-01

    This follow-up study of Kansas Regents Honors Academy participants found that they were likely to be white females who pursued postsecondary education in their home state and entered the fields of biological sciences, social sciences, business, engineering, English, or education. Data offer guidance for advising academically gifted students. (EV)

  9. Intercultural Communication Competence: Advising International Students in a Texas Community College

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zhang, Yi

    2015-01-01

    Academic advising has long been considered a critical factor to student success. With a qualitative, phenomenological research design, this study was undertaken to better understand the lived experiences of academic advisors in communicating with international students in a community college context. Intercultural communication competence was used…

  10. Consultant-Client Relationships in UK SMEs: The Roles of the Personal Business Adviser

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Malone, Stephen A.

    2012-01-01

    This article reports on research into the role and value of a particular type of business consultant: a UK government-sponsored Personal Business Adviser (PBA). While it is an occupation that is now defunct in the UK, the author argues that its abolition may have been premature. The roles of the PBA are identified and are found to be in line with…

  11. Advising Doctorate Candidates and Candidates' Views during the Dissertation Process

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hilliard, Ann T.

    2013-01-01

    In order to provide candidates with effective advisement, it is important for the advisor to continue to practice positive professional relationships and provide relevant academic support to candidates. The advisor should work closely with other faculty members and need to listen to the voices of candidates to ensure candidates' success. What…

  12. Considering Race and Space: Mapping Developmental Approaches for Providing Culturally Responsive Advising

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mitchell, Roland W.; Wood, Gerald K.; Witherspoon, Noelle

    2010-01-01

    This exploratory essay critically examines how social relations structure the production of space on a college campus. In particular, we analyze how the organization of one particular site--the student advising office at a southeastern university--calls attention to the relationship between race and space in ways that re-inscribe narrow…

  13. 17 CFR 275.206(4)-1 - Advertisements by investment advisers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Advertisements by investment... COMMISSION (CONTINUED) RULES AND REGULATIONS, INVESTMENT ADVISERS ACT OF 1940 § 275.206(4)-1 Advertisements.... 80b-3), directly or indirectly, to publish, circulate, or distribute any advertisement: (1)...

  14. Developmental Academic Advising: A Paradigm Shift in a College of Business Administration.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kern, Carolyn W.; Engels, Dennis W.

    1996-01-01

    A survey that examined the advising process was given to sophomores, juniors, and seniors requiring business administration courses at the University of North Texas. As a result, additional advisors, staff development for current advisors, and emphasis on individual student needs were recommended changes that support a developmental approach. (JPS)

  15. Academic Advising: An Annotated Bibliography. Bibliographies and Indexes in Education, Number 14.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gordon, Virginia N., Comp.

    This bibliography on academic advising presents 351 annotated citations grouped in 10 areas. Though some older, classic articles and books are mentioned, most of the citations are from the 1980s and 1990s. Topical areas were chosen so that users could examine the literature based on their interest and need. Citations from areas related to advising…

  16. An Investigation of the Implementation of Support Services in a Graduate Advising Center

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maxey, Susan W.

    2014-01-01

    This capstone examined the differences in support services provided for undergraduate versus graduate students. From the research, a centralized advising system was designed and implemented for graduate students at a public state supported university in Kentucky to help students be more satisfied with their graduate school experience and increase…

  17. 75 FR 77051 - Rules Implementing Amendments to the Investment Advisers Act of 1940

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-10

    ...The Securities and Exchange Commission is proposing new rules and rule amendments under the Investment Advisers Act of 1940 to implement provisions of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act. These rules and rule amendments are designed to give effect to provisions of Title IV of the Dodd-Frank Act that, among other things, increase the statutory threshold for......

  18. 31 CFR 356.15 - What rules apply to bids submitted by investment advisers?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... what, how many, and when securities will be purchased or sold on behalf of another person or entity. We...) Using the first option (paragraph (b)(1)(i)), an investment advisor could bid noncompetitively up to the... auction announcement for the security. Further, we deem the investment adviser to have certified that...

  19. Academic Advisers: Perceptions of Training and Professional Development at Community Colleges

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Simpson, Catherine

    2013-01-01

    This qualitative case study utilizing in-depth interviews examined academic advisers' perceptions of training and professional development resources at a Midwestern U.S. community college. In addition, the study examined the availability and accessibility of training and professional development resources at the community college. The study sought…

  20. Advising an Urban FFA Chapter: A Narrative of Two Urban FFA Advisors

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martin, Michael J.; Kitchel, Tracy

    2015-01-01

    Advising an urban FFA chapter can be a challenge for urban agriculture teachers. The contextual differences between the rural-oriented FFA and urban FFA members can make bridging the gap difficult. This narrative study sought to explore how the urban context shapes the work of an FFA chapter from the perspectives of two FFA advisors at the same…

  1. 76 FR 8067 - Reporting by Investment Advisers to Private Funds and Certain Commodity Pool Operators and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-11

    ...The Commodity Futures Trading Commission (``CFTC'') and the Securities and Exchange Commission (``SEC'') (collectively, ``we'' or the ``Commissions'') are proposing new rules under the Commodity Exchange Act and the Investment Advisers Act of 1940 to implement provisions of Title IV of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act. The proposed SEC rule would require investment......

  2. Governing Bodies, Headteacher Performance and Pay: The Role of External Advisers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Earley, P.; Bubb, S.; Eddy-Spicer, D.; Crawford, M.; James, C.

    2016-01-01

    This article reports on the role of the external adviser to school governing bodies in relation to headteacher performance management (HTPM) in England. School leaders are crucially important for the effective functioning of schools and there is an ever-growing body of inspection and research evidence which shows this to be the case--leadership…

  3. The 3-I Career Advising Process and Athletes with Foreclosed Identity

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Menke, Donna J.

    2015-01-01

    Student-athletes who identify more strongly with their athletic role than their academic life may neither encounter nor embrace the chance to explore career options. Their lack of exposure or interest to career advising may compound career immaturity and development. Gordon's (2006) 3-I (inquire, inform, integrate) decision-making process applied…

  4. 17 CFR 275.204A-1 - Investment adviser codes of ethics.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... with applicable Federal securities laws; (3) Provisions that require all of your access persons to... public offering or in a limited offering. (d) Small advisers. If you have only one access person (i.e... investments in any security in an initial public offering or in a limited offering, if you maintain records...

  5. The Self Concept Change as a Tool for Developmental Academic Advising

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ugur, Hasan

    2015-01-01

    The main goals of academic advising are not only to improving social and academic success of students during academic year, but to improve the retention of the students with the successful interventions inside the educational system. Many areas of practice and research are mentioned in the scientific literature. One of them is improving students'…

  6. An International Perspective on Academic Advising: A Report from Students at a University in Saudi Arabia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Saleh, Mahmoud A.

    1988-01-01

    The advising program at King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, is examined. Students' responses to a 20-item questionnaire are discussed. The study sought to determine whether a difference in student responses to the survey existed between the colleges and between the academic levels of the students. (Author/MLW)

  7. Peer-Assisted Learning.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Topping, Keith, Ed.; Ehly, Stewart, Ed.

    Peer-Assisted Learning (PAL) involves students consciously assisting others to learn, and in so doing, learning more effectively themselves. PAL encompasses peer tutoring, peer modeling, peer education, peer counseling, peer monitoring, and peer assessment, which are differentiated from other more general "cooperative learning" methods.…

  8. Academic Advising Issues in Pennsylvania's Community Colleges. A Summary of the Proceedings of the Conference on Academic Advising in Pennsylvania's Community Colleges (Williamsport, Pennsylvania, March 26-27, 1987).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martin, William J., Ed.

    This conference proceedings provides a summary of presentations on five academic advising issues of concern to Pennsylvania's community colleges. The first topic addressed during the conference was "Models of Academic Advising." The presentation by Richard A. Kratz, Preston Pulliams, John Hariston, Dolores Hill, and Sharon Gavin…

  9. Assessing the Sustainability of Japan's Foreign Aid Program: An Analysis of Development Assistance to Energy Sectors of Developing Countries

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yamaguchi, Hideka

    2005-01-01

    This article examines the effect of Japan's official development assistance (ODA) over 10 years that proposed to facilitate environmental conservation in developing countries. Special emphasis is given to ODA disbursements in the energy sector to evaluate whether Japan's foreign aid has shifted its policy toward more environmentally sound goals.…

  10. An Assessment Process to Estimate the Secondary Injury Potential of Assistive Technology Adopted by Farmers with Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mathew, Samuel Narinchil

    2009-01-01

    Farmers with disabilities frequently fabricate or modify devices and worksites--referred to collectively as assistive technology (AT) in order to continue performing required tasks on their farms. In some cases these AT have been documented to cause secondary injury. Further, some farmers having disabilities are not able to fully benefit from…

  11. Development, Implementation, and Cost-Assessment of an Integrated Computer-Assisted Instruction Course on Drug Interactions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Narducci, Warren A.

    1985-01-01

    A study of the feasibility of using integrated, computer-assisted instruction in a drug interaction course revealed that despite the high initial time and financial investment, the potential educational benefits and high student acceptance of the instruction supports its application in other curriculum areas. (MSE)

  12. Science Advising

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tannenbaum, Benn

    2004-05-01

    The need for competent physical scientists in public policy is often overlooked. Science and technology play an ever-growing role in our lives, but the people setting the policies governing their use too often lack the skills and knowledge needed to make well-informed decisions. Making the transition from academia to public policy is not as difficult as one might imagine and can lead to a challenging, rewarding career. Dr. Tannenbaum recently completed a 2002-2003 AAAS Science and Technology Fellowship sponsored by the American Physical Society during which he worked in the office of U.S. Representative Edward J. Markey (D-MA) on nuclear nonproliferation issues. His work in Congressman Markey's office focused on issues including US nuclear weapons policy, missile defense, the nuclear program in Iran, prevention of the transfer of U.S. nuclear technology to North Korea, and the security of nuclear sites in Iraq. Dr. Tannenbaum will discuss this experience and observations concerning "underinformed and uninformed" decision-making in Congress and the role of scientists in that process. He will also discuss his current position at the Federation of American Scientists.

  13. Families Coping without Earnings or Government Cash Assistance. Assessing the New Federalism: An Urban Institute Program to Assess Changing Social Policies. Occasional Paper.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zedlewski, Sheila R.; Nelson, Sandi; Edin, Kathryn; Koball, Heather; Pomper, Kate; Roberts, Tracy

    This study sought to determine why some families live outside the government cash income support system despite extreme poverty. Qualitative interviews were conducted with 95 extremely poor families (cash income below 50 percent of the federal poverty level living without employment income or government cash assistance). The interview sample was…

  14. 19 CFR 206.53 - Investigations to advise the President as to the probable economic effect of reduction...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... Customs Duties UNITED STATES INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION NONADJUDICATIVE INVESTIGATIONS INVESTIGATIONS... 19 Customs Duties 3 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Investigations to advise the President as to the... Relief Action § 206.53 Investigations to advise the President as to the probable economic effect...

  15. 29 CFR 2510.3-38 - Filing requirements for State registered investment advisers to be investment managers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... business, and, at the time the fiduciary files registration forms with such State to maintain the fiduciary... maintains its principal office and place of business and file through the Investment Adviser Registration... term “Investment Adviser Registration Depository” or “IARD” means the centralized electronic...

  16. An Investigation of Students' Satisfaction with Academic Advising and Students' Impressions of Academic Advisors at a Rural Community College

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson-Dedeaux, Vanessa Massalyn

    2011-01-01

    This study was the first attempt to evaluate the college's career/technical current advising practices. The purpose of this study was to investigate career/technical students' satisfaction with academic advising at a rural community college and to investigate whether there were any relationships between students' satisfaction and various…

  17. Integrated Planning and Advising for Student Success (iPASS): State of the Literature. CCRC Working Paper No. 90

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fletcher, Jeffrey; Grant, Markeisha; Ramos, Marisol; Karp, Melinda Mechur

    2016-01-01

    This paper examines the current state of the literature on Integrated Planning and Advising for Student Success (iPASS), an increasingly popular approach to technology-mediated advising reform. We limit our analysis to sixty relevant documents that have been released since 2010. We categorize these items into four different groups based on their…

  18. College Advisor, Student, and Senior Staff Member Perceptions of Academic Advising Modalities and Types: A Community College Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marvin, Daniel C.

    2013-01-01

    Institutions of higher learning, their senior staff members, and advisors are always striving to create advising modalities and utilize matching advising types that work best for the individual student. This qualitative single-case study was conducted to examine perceptions of the students, advisors, and senior staff members of the advising…

  19. 17 CFR 270.15a-3 - Exemption for initial period of investment adviser of certain registered separate accounts from...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Exemption for initial period of investment adviser of certain registered separate accounts from requirement of security holder... requirement of security holder approval of investment advisory contract. (a) An investment adviser of...

  20. 17 CFR 270.15a-3 - Exemption for initial period of investment adviser of certain registered separate accounts from...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 4 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Exemption for initial period of investment adviser of certain registered separate accounts from requirement of security holder... requirement of security holder approval of investment advisory contract. (a) An investment adviser of...

  1. 17 CFR 270.15a-3 - Exemption for initial period of investment adviser of certain registered separate accounts from...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Exemption for initial period of investment adviser of certain registered separate accounts from requirement of security holder... requirement of security holder approval of investment advisory contract. (a) An investment adviser of...

  2. 17 CFR 270.15a-3 - Exemption for initial period of investment adviser of certain registered separate accounts from...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Exemption for initial period of investment adviser of certain registered separate accounts from requirement of security holder... requirement of security holder approval of investment advisory contract. (a) An investment adviser of...

  3. 17 CFR 275.203(b)(3)-1 - Definition of “client” of an investment adviser.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... generally to the public as an investment adviser, within the meaning of section 203(b)(3) of the Act (15 U.S... than the United States, and is regulated as a public investment company under the laws of the country... investment adviser. 275.203(b)(3)-1 Section 275.203(b)(3)-1 Commodity and Securities Exchanges SECURITIES...

  4. 17 CFR 275.203(b)(3)-1 - Definition of “client” of an investment adviser.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... generally to the public as an investment adviser, within the meaning of section 203(b)(3) of the Act (15 U.S... than the United States, and is regulated as a public investment company under the laws of the country... investment adviser. 275.203(b)(3)-1 Section 275.203(b)(3)-1 Commodity and Securities Exchanges SECURITIES...

  5. Describing Undergraduate Students' Perceptions of Academic Advising Practices in a College of Food, Agricultural, and Environmental Sciences

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Filson, Caryn M.

    2012-01-01

    Academic advising is an integral part of the college experience. Outcomes of academic advising may be more critical than realized by either advisors or advisees. Studies have been compiled to suggest that meaningful and developmental contact with advisors promotes student success (Johnson & Wang, 2011; Kuh, 2008; Tuttle, 2000). However, a…

  6. "Political Risk": Sources that Assess or Advise on Risks in Foreign Country Business or Investment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hanne, Daniel

    1997-01-01

    Discusses the need for data on political risk or country risk among business library patrons and describes some of the factors and methods used in foreign country risk analysis. Also provides an annotated list of political risk sources, including paper and electronic resources. (LRW)

  7. Assessing the Effectiveness of Targeted Intrusive Advising and Student Success Using an Early Intervention Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Poole, Jesse

    2015-01-01

    The institution in this study is a medium size, public liberal arts institution located in a rural setting. At the beginning of Fall 2012 term, 5,366 undergraduate and 922 graduate students were enrolled in the university's ten-week quarter system. In an attempt to increase student success and retention, the institution implemented a student…

  8. Assisted reproduction on treacherous terrain: the legal hazards of cross-border reproductive travel.

    PubMed

    Storrow, Richard F

    2011-11-01

    The growing phenomenon of cross-border reproductive travel has four significant legal dimensions. First, laws that ban or inhibit access to assisted reproductive procedures in one country lead patients and physicians to travel to other countries to acquire, to contribute to or to provide assisted reproductive services. Such laws may include provisions that criminalize those who assist or advise patients to undertake such travel. Second, the law may expressly criminalize crossing borders to obtain, to be a donor for or to perform certain procedures. Third, the law may interfere with the ultimate goal of reproductive travellers by refusing to recognize them as the parents of the child they have crossed borders to conceive. Finally, facilitating cross-border reproductive travel may expose physicians, attorneys and brokers to malpractice or other civil liability. This article explores these legal dimensions of cross-border reproductive care and uses the legal doctrines of proportionality, extraterritoriality and comity to assess the legality and normative validity of governmental efforts to curb or limit assisted reproductive practices.

  9. The Center for Excellence in Disaster Management and Humanitarian Assistance (CFE-DMHA): An Assessment of Roles and Missions

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-01-01

    Regional Medical Com- mand at Tripler, PACOM, and the University of Hawaii. The CDC provided a full- time program manager and research physician and a...to manage inherently gov- ernmental tasks), and organization and oversight to cover a broader range of activities have, at times , threatened the...course. 22 The Center for Excellence in Disaster Management and Humanitarian Assistance The classroom HART course takes place approximately 12 times

  10. Assessment of Arms, Ammunition, and Explosives Accountability and Control; Security Assistance; and Sustainment for the Afghan National Security Forces

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-10-24

    develop the capability to operate without assistance from or reliance on external support. The plans identified core competencies and made a...personnel resources. As an example, the Development Plan for Logistics Command listed “transportation support” as one of four core competencies for...Logistics Command. The overall evaluation for this core competency was Capability Milestone 2.16 However, this rating for transportation did not

  11. Assessment of the Federal Voting Assistance Program Office Implementation of the Military and Overseas Voter Empowerment Act

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-08-31

    SecDef) with responsibility for all Federal voting assistance functions; A U.S. Forward Operating Base in the Arghandab River Valley, Kandahar...Pennsylvania Letterkenny Army Depot, Pennsylvania Fort Jackson, South Carolina X X Corpus Christi Army Depot, Texas Red River Army Depot...X X Naval Support Activity Crane, Indiana X X Naval Air Station Joint Reserve Base New Orleans, Louisiana X Naval Air Station Patuxent River

  12. Assessing the Relative Contributions of Active Ankle and Knee Assistance to the Walking Mechanics of Transfemoral Amputees Using a Powered Prosthesis

    PubMed Central

    Simon, Ann M.; Hargrove, Levi J.

    2016-01-01

    Powered knee-ankle prostheses are capable of providing net-positive mechanical energy to amputees. Yet, there are limitless ways to deliver this energy throughout the gait cycle. It remains largely unknown how different combinations of active knee and ankle assistance affect the walking mechanics of transfemoral amputees. This study assessed the relative contributions of stance phase knee swing initiation, increasing ankle stiffness and powered plantarflexion as three unilateral transfemoral amputees walked overground at their self-selected walking speed. Five combinations of knee and ankle conditions were evaluated regarding the kinematics and kinetics of the amputated and intact legs using repeated measures analyses of variance. We found eliminating active knee swing initiation or powered plantarflexion was linked to increased compensations of the ipsilateral hip joint during the subsequent swing phase. The elimination of knee swing initiation or powered plantarflexion also led to reduced braking ground reaction forces of the amputated and intact legs, and influenced both sagittal and frontal plane loading of the intact knee joint. Gradually increasing prosthetic ankle stiffness influenced the shape of the prosthetic ankle plantarflexion moment, more closely mirroring the intact ankle moment. Increasing ankle stiffness also corresponded to increased prosthetic ankle power generation (despite a similar maximum stiffness value across conditions) and increased braking ground reaction forces of the amputated leg. These findings further our understanding of how to deliver assistance with powered knee-ankle prostheses and the compensations that occur when specific aspects of assistance are added/removed. PMID:26807889

  13. Development of an expert system for power quality advisement using CLIPS 6.0

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Chandrasekaran, A.; Sarma, P. R. R.; Sundaram, Ashok

    1994-01-01

    Proliferation of power electronic devices has brought in its wake both deterioration in and demand for quality power supply from the utilities. The power quality problems become apparent when the user's equipment or systems maloperate or fail. Since power quality concerns arise from a wide variety of sources and the problem fixes are better achieved from the expertise of field engineers, development of an expert system for power quality advisement seems to be a very attractive and cost-effective solution for utility applications. An expert system thus developed gives an understanding of the adverse effects of power quality related problems on the system and could help in finding remedial solutions. The paper reports the design of a power quality advisement expert system being developed using CLIPS 6.0. A brief outline of the power quality concerns is first presented. A description of the knowledge base is next given and details of actual implementation include screen output from the program.

  14. Training and Advising Foreign Militaries: We’ve Done This Before

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-05-10

    Frederick Walter Schneider, Advising the ARVN: Lieutenant General Samuel T. Williams in Vietnam, 1955-1960 (Ann Arbor: UMI, 1990), 5. 147 Spector, 174...Lieutenant General Samuel T. Williams, who led the South Korean Army training initiative throughout the Korean War, succeeded him as the Military... Beckett , Modern Insurgencies and Counter-Insurgencies, Guerillas and Their Opponents since 1750 (London: Routledge, Taylor and Francis Group, 2003

  15. Knowledge, Skills, and Attitudes in Caring for Older Adults With Advanced Illness Among Staff Members of Long-Term Care and Assisted Living Facilities: An Educational Needs Assessment.

    PubMed

    Cimino, Nina M; Lockman, Kashelle; Grant, Marian; McPherson, Mary Lynn

    2016-05-01

    In long-term care and assisted living facilities, many groups of health care professionals contribute to the work of the health care team. These staff members perform essential, direct patient care activities. An educational needs assessment was conducted to determine the learning needs and preferences of staff members related to providing care for patients with life-limiting illnesses. Staff members placed importance on understanding topics such as principles of palliative care, pain assessment, pain management, and nonpain symptom management. The majority of survey respondents were also interested in learning more about these topics. The results of this educational needs analysis suggest staff members would benefit from a course tailored to these identified educational needs and designed to overcome previously identified educational barriers.

  16. The advising alliance for international and domestic graduate students: Measurement invariance and implications for academic stress.

    PubMed

    Rice, Kenneth G; Suh, Hanna; Yang, Xiaohui; Choe, Elise; Davis, Don E

    2016-04-01

    We expanded the focus of a prior study of international graduate student advising relationships (Rice et al., 2009) to examine advising experiences of both international and domestic students. International (n = 434) and domestic (n = 387) students completed the Advisory Working Alliance Inventory (AWAI-S; Schlosser & Gelso, 2001) and measures of advising experiences, perceived academic stress, and desire to change advisor. Measurement invariance analyses suggested that a 23-item AWAI-S showed support for scalar invariance. A bifactor structure showed superior fit to the 3-factor model or a second-order factor model for the AWAI-S. International and domestic graduate students did not differ in ratings of general alliance, academic stress, or desire to change advisors. General alliance was strongly related to less academic stress and less desire to change advisors. International students who felt disrespected by their advisors were more likely to be academically stressed than domestic students. Structured mentoring experiences were associated with lower stress and less desire to change, and this effect was similar in both international and domestic students. Overall, results suggested that the current level of measurement, and possibly theory development, regarding the advisory alliance is good at identifying generic satisfaction but weaker at differentiating components of the alliance.

  17. The short-term effectiveness of a suicide prevention gatekeeper training program in a college setting with residence life advisers.

    PubMed

    Tompkins, Tanya L; Witt, Jody

    2009-03-01

    Although the college years prove to be a vulnerable time for students and a critical period for suicide prevention, few school-based prevention strategies have been empirically evaluated. The current study examined the short-term effects of Question, Persuade, and Refer (QPR), a gatekeeper training program that teaches how to recognize warning signs, question suicidal intent, listen to problems, and refer for help. One hundred twenty-two residence advisers (RAs) who were trained in QPR demonstrated significant post-training gains across a variety of domains relevant to suicide and suicide prevention, with 60 who completed the follow-up assessment showing sustained knowledge and appraisals into the following semester. Although these gains were generally more substantial for RAs trained in QPR, 86 controls who completed both baseline and follow-up assessments also demonstrated changes in appraisals relevant to suicide and suicide prevention, despite having not received QPR training. Editors' Strategic Implications this study provides some promising evidence on gatekeeper training for RAs in terms of suicide prevention knowledge and attitudes. As the authors note, replication, rigorous evaluation, and studies of systemic efforts and behavioral outcomes are needed.

  18. A Video Recording and Viewing Protocol for Student Group Presentations: Assisting Self-Assessment through a Wiki Environment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barry, Shane

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this research was to firstly develop a protocol for video recording student group oral presentations, for later viewing and self-assessment by student group members. Secondly, evaluations of students' experiences of this process were undertaken to determine if this self-assessment method was a positive experience for them in gaining…

  19. Experimental Evaluation of Computer Assisted Self-Assessment of Reading Comprehension: Effects on Reading Achievement and Attitude.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vollands, Stacy R.; And Others

    A study evaluated the effect software for self-assessment and management of reading practice had on reading achievement and motivation in two primary schools in Aberdeen, Scotland. The program utilized was The Accelerated Reader (AR) which was designed to enable curriculum based assessment of reading comprehension within the classroom. Students…

  20. Assistive Technology

    MedlinePlus

    ... allcontacts/statewidecontacts.html . Some Area Agencies on Aging (AAA) have programs or link to services that assist ... obtain low-cost assistive technology. To locate your AAA, call the Eldercare Locator at 1-800-677- ...

  1. Assisted Living

    MedlinePlus

    ... but they don't need full-time nursing care. Some assisted living facilities are part of retirement ... change. Assisted living costs less than nursing home care. It is still fairly expensive. Older people or ...

  2. Dental Assistants

    MedlinePlus

    ... help keep the dental office running smoothly. Important Qualities Detail oriented. Dental assistants must follow specific rules and protocols, such as infection control procedures, when helping dentists treat patients. Assistants also ...

  3. Metal-assisted synthesis of unsymmetrical magnolol and honokiol analogs and their biological assessment as GABAA receptor ligands

    PubMed Central

    Rycek, Lukas; Puthenkalam, Roshan; Schnürch, Michael; Ernst, Margot; Mihovilovic, Marko D.

    2015-01-01

    We present the synthesis of new derivatives of natural products magnolol (1) and honokiol (2) and their evaluation as allosteric ligands for modulation of GABAA receptor activity. New derivatives were prepared via metal assisted cross-coupling reactions in two consecutive steps. Compounds were tested by means of two-electrode voltage clamp electrophysiology at the α1β2γ2 receptor subtype at low GABA concentrations. We have identified several compounds enhancing GABA induced current (IGABA) in the range similar or even higher than the lead structures. At 3 μM, compound 8g enhanced IGABA by factor of 443, compared to 162 and 338 of honokiol and magnolol, respectively. Furthermore, 8g at EC10–20 features a much bigger window of separation between the α1β2γ2 and the α1β1γ2 subtypes compared to honokiol, and thus improved subtype selectivity. PMID:25510374

  4. Direct Assistance: USAID Has Taken Positive Action to Assess Afghan Ministries’ Ability to Manage Donor Funds, but Concerns Remain

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-01-01

    public release; distribution unlimited 13. SUPPLEMENTARY NOTES 14. ABSTRACT 15. SUBJECT TERMS 16 . SECURITY CLASSIFICATION OF: 17. LIMITATION OF...Ernst & Young and KPMG in late 2010 and early 2011 to assess 16 Afghan ministries’ abilities to manage U.S. funds. In addition, to help ensure the...Young and KPMG completed public financial management assessments of 16 Afghan ministries. Both contractors, who met almost all contract requirements

  5. Robot-assisted, ultrasound-guided minimally invasive navigation tool for brachytherapy and ablation therapy: initial assessment

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bhattad, Srikanth; Escoto, Abelardo; Malthaner, Richard; Patel, Rajni

    2015-03-01

    Brachytherapy and thermal ablation are relatively new approaches in robot-assisted minimally invasive interventions for treating malignant tumors. Ultrasound remains the most favored choice for imaging feedback, the benefits being cost effectiveness, radiation free, and easy access in an OR. However it does not generally provide high contrast, noise free images. Distortion occurs when the sound waves pass through a medium that contains air and/or when the target organ is deep within the body. The distorted images make it quite difficult to recognize and localize tumors and surgical tools. Often tools, such as a bevel-tipped needle, deflect from its path during insertion, making it difficult to detect the needle tip using a single perspective view. The shifting of the target due to cardiac and/or respiratory motion can add further errors in reaching the target. This paper describes a comprehensive system that uses robot dexterity to capture 2D ultrasound images in various pre-determined modes for generating 3D ultrasound images and assists in maneuvering a surgical tool. An interactive 3D virtual reality environment is developed that visualizes various artifacts present in the surgical site in real-time. The system helps to avoid image distortion by grabbing images from multiple positions and orientation to provide a 3D view. Using the methods developed for this application, an accuracy of 1.3 mm was achieved in target attainment in an in-vivo experiment subjected to tissue motion. An accuracy of 1.36 mm and 0.93 mm respectively was achieved for the ex-vivo experiments with and without external induced motion. An ablation monitor widget that visualizes the changes during the complete ablation process and enables evaluation of the process in its entirety is integrated.

  6. Assistive Technologies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Auat Cheein, Fernando A., Ed.

    2012-01-01

    This book offers the reader new achievements within the Assistive Technology field made by worldwide experts, covering aspects such as assistive technology focused on teaching and education, mobility, communication and social interactivity, among others. Each chapter included in this book covers one particular aspect of Assistive Technology that…

  7. A mock circulatory system to assess the performance of continuous-flow left ventricular assist devices (LVADs): does axial flow unload better than centrifugal LVAD?

    PubMed

    Sénage, Thomas; Février, Dorothée; Michel, Magali; Pichot, Emmanuel; Duveau, Daniel; Tsui, Steven; Trochu, Jean Noel; Roussel, Jean Christian

    2014-01-01

    Hemodynamic performances comparisons between different types of left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) remain difficult in a clinical context. The aim of this study was to create an experimental model to assess and compare two types of LVAD under hemodynamic conditions that simulated physical effort and pulmonary hypertension. An experimental mock circulatory system was created to simulate the systemic and pulmonary circulations and consisted of pulsatile left and right cardiac simulators (cardiowest pump), air/water tanks to model compliances, and tubes to model the venous and arterial resistances. Two types of continuous-flow ventricular assist devices were connected to this pulsated model: an axial flow pump, Heartmate II (HTM II), and a centrifugal pump, VentrAssist (VTA). The hemodynamic conditions at rest and during exercise were replicated. Mean aortic pressures were not significantly different at rest and during effort but mean flow under maximum pump speed was higher with HTM II (13 L vs. 10 L, p = 0.02). Left atrial pressure was lower at rest and during effort for the HTM II (11 mm Hg vs. 3 mm Hg, p = 0.02 and 9 mm Hg vs. 2 mm Hg, p = 0.008) than with the VTA, but with greater risk of left-ventricle suck-down for the axial flow. Power consumption for a similar flow was lower with the VTA during rest (4.7 W vs. 6.9 W, p = 0.002) and during effort (4.3 W vs. 6.6 W, p = 0.008). In case of high pulmonary vascular resistance with preserved right ventricular function, lower right ventricular pressure was obtained with HTM II (21 mm Hg vs. 28 mm Hg, p = 0.03). Observed results are in favor of a better discharge of the left and right cavities with the HTM II compared to the VTA yet with a higher risk of left cavity collapse occurrence.

  8. National Conference on Academic Advising: A Publication of Proceedings Prepared for the Annual Conference (1st, Burlington, Vermont, October 16-19, 1977).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rayfield, Gina, Ed.; And Others

    Proceedings of the first National Conference on Academic Advising, sponsored in 1977 by the University of Vermont, are presented. Among the 36 papers presented are the following: "Making Advising Work: Basic Elements in Developing and Implementing a Successful Academic Advising Program" (David S. Crockett); "A Community College Academic Advisor's…

  9. Academic Advising: New Insights for Teaching and Learning in the First Year. The First-Year Experience Monograph Series No. 46. NACADA Monograph Series No. 14

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hunter, Mary Stuart, Ed.; McCalla-Wriggins, Betsy, Ed.; White, Eric R., Ed.

    2007-01-01

    Grounded in the philosophy that academic advising is a robust form of one-on-one teaching, this monograph places advising in a new light, one that brings it to the center of the institutional mission and activity. This monograph challenges all readers to embrace the tremendous potential that academic advising has for educating today's college…

  10. Pacific Northwest Laboratory annual report for 1980 to the DOE Assistant Secretary for Environment. Part 5. Environmental assessment, control, health and safety

    SciTech Connect

    Baalman, R.W.; Hays, I.D.

    1981-02-01

    Pacific Northwest Laboratory's (PNL) 1980 annual report to the DOE Assistant Secretary for Environment describes research in environment, health, and safety conducted during fiscal year 1980. Part 5 includes technology assessments for natural gas, enhanced oil recovery, oil shale, uranium mining, magnetic fusion energy, solar energy, uranium enrichment and industrial energy utilization; regional analysis studies of environmental transport and community impacts; environmental and safety engineering for LNG, oil spills, LPG, shale oil waste waters, geothermal liquid waste disposal, compressed air energy storage, and nuclear/fusion fuel cycles; operational and environmental safety studies of decommissioning, environmental monitoring, personnel dosimetry, and analysis of criticality safety; health physics studies; and epidemiological studies. Also included are an author index, organization of PNL charts and distribution lists of the annual report, along with lists of presentations and publications. (DLS)

  11. Cardiac sarcoidosis diagnosed by histological assessment of a left ventricular apical core excised for insertion of a left ventricular assist device.

    PubMed

    Ryugo, Masahiro; Izutani, Hironori; Okamura, Toru; Shikata, Fumiaki; Okura, Masahiro; Nakamura, Yuki; Oogimoto, Akiyoshi; Higaki, Jitsuo

    2013-12-01

    A 58-year-old male with no history of heart disease was admitted to hospital for congestive heart failure due to severe left ventricular dysfunction, and clinically diagnosed with dilated cardiomyopathy. He developed recurrent heart failure requiring several admissions to hospital and was finally referred to our institution with severe congestive heart failure. Despite medical treatment with inotropic agents, his symptoms gradually worsened. A left ventricular assist device (LVAD) was implanted together with mitral and tricuspid valve repair at 22 days after hospitalization. A histological assessment of a left ventricular apical core specimen revealed non-caseating granulomas consistent with cardiac sarcoidosis. The postoperative course was uneventful, and he remains under cardiac rehabilitation while waiting for cardiac transplantation.

  12. Getting patients the services they need using a computer-assisted system for patient assessment and referral—CASPAR

    PubMed Central

    Carise, Deni; Gűrel, Ozge; McLellan, A. Thomas; Dugosh, Karen; Kendig, Connie

    2009-01-01

    The two goals of this technology transfer study were to: (1) increase the number and appropriateness of services received by substance abuse patients, and thereby (2) give clinical meaning and value to research-based assessment information. A software-based Resource Guide was developed to allow counselors to easily identify local resources for referral of their patients to additional clinical and social services. Two hours of training were provided on the use of the guide. It was hoped that this software and training would provide the counselors with a concrete method of linking the Addiction Severity Index (ASI) assessment information on patient problems to appropriate, available community services. We expected improved treatment planning, increased problem services matching, better patient–counselor rapport/satisfaction and better patient-performance during treatment. Data were analyzed from 131 patients of 33 counselors from 9 treatment programs, randomly assigned to 2 groups—Standard Assessment (SA) or Enhanced Assessment (EA). Patients of counselors in the EA group (1) had treatment plans that were better matched to their needs, (2) received significantly more and better-matched services than patients in the SA group, and (3) were less likely to leave treatment against medical advice and more likely to complete the full course of treatment than patients of counselors in the SA group. They did not have higher levels of patient satisfaction or helping alliance scores. These findings are discussed with regard to integrating empirically supported procedures into contemporary, community-based substance abuse treatment. PMID:15913922

  13. Web-Assisted Assessment of Professional Behaviour in Problem-Based Learning: More Feedback, yet No Qualitative Improvement?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    van Mook, Walther N. K. A.; Muijtjens, Arno M. M.; Gorter, Simone L.; Zwaveling, Jan Harm; Schuwirth, Lambert W.; van der Vleuten, Cees P. M.

    2012-01-01

    Although other web-based approaches to assessment of professional behaviour have been studied, no publications studying the potential advantages of a web-based instrument versus a classic, paper-based method have been published to date. This study has two research goals: it focuses on the quantity and quality of comments provided by students and…

  14. Access Assistants for State Assessments: A Study of State Guidelines for Scribes, Readers, and Sign Language Interpreters. Synthesis Report 58

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clapper, Ann T.; Morse, Amanda B.; Thompson, Sandra J.; Thurlow, Martha L.

    2005-01-01

    For several years, states have listed accommodations allowed on state assessments. States soon found that the definitions of these accommodations varied not only across states, but also within states and even in schools. Over the past few years, states have made greater attempts to define each accommodation and to decide whether the accommodation…

  15. Assessment of Graduate Teaching Assistant (GTA) Training: A Case Study of a Training Program and Its Impact on GTAs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Young, Stacy L.; Bippus, Amy M.

    2008-01-01

    Graduate teaching associates (GTAs) play a vital role as instructors at many universities but often are not confident in their ability to perform their job-related duties. Based on Bandura's (1997) theory of self-efficacy, this project examined a teacher-training program for GTAs and assessed its outcomes. Our results revealed that GTAs reported…

  16. Temporal and spatial gait parameters in patients dependent on walking assistance after stroke: reliability and agreement between simple and advanced methods of assessment.

    PubMed

    Høyer, Ellen; Opheim, Arve; Strand, Liv Inger; Moe-Nilssen, Rolf

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate the reliability of temporal and spatial gait parameters in patients dependent on walking assistance after severe stroke, and to examine agreement between simple and advanced methods. Twenty-one patients, admitted for in-patient multidisciplinary rehabilitation, were assessed repeatedly for walking function, both in a test corridor and a gait laboratory (3D camera system) before and after 11 weeks of rehabilitation. The test-retest reliability was examined using intraclass correlation (ICC1.1), and measurement error was reported by within-subject standard deviation (Sw). The agreement between different methods for assessing walking speed, cadence and step length was explored by Bland-Altman plots. High to excellent test-retest reliability was found between trials, both when assessed in the corridor (ICC: 0.93-0.99) and in the laboratory (ICC: 0.88-0.99). Agreement between methods was satisfactory at baseline and was higher after the rehabilitation period. Agreement was found to be slightly better at lower walking speeds and for shorter step lengths. The results implicate that temporal-spatial gait parameters may be measured reliably by both simple and advanced methods in dependent walkers after stroke. A high level of agreement was found between the two methods for walking speed, cadence and average step length at both test points.

  17. Assessment of Bleeding and Thrombosis Based on Aspirin Responsiveness after Continuous-Flow Left Ventricular Assist Device Placement.

    PubMed

    Floroff, Catherine K; Rieger, Krista L; Veasey, Tara M; Strout, Sara E; DeNino, Walter F; Meadows, Holly B; Stroud, Martha R; Toole, John M; Heyward, Dawn P; Brisco, Meredith A; Cook, Jennifer L; Lazarchick, John; Uber, Walter E

    2017-01-26

    Pump thrombosis (PT) is a severe complication of left ventricular assist device (LVAD) support. This study evaluated PT and bleeding following LVAD placement in patients responsive to a standard aspirin dose of 81 mg using platelet inhibition monitoring compared with initial non-responders who were then titrated upward to achieve therapeutic response.Patients ≥ 18 years of age with initial placement of HeartMate II® (HMII) LVAD at our institution and at least one VerifyNow® Aspirin test performed during initial hospitalization were included. The primary endpoints were bleeding and PT compared between initial aspirin responders and non-responders.Of 85 patients, 19 (22%) were nonresponsive to initial aspirin therapy. Responders and non-responders showed similar survival (p=0.082), freedom from suspected/confirmed PT (p=0.941), confirmed PT (p=0.273), bleeding (p=0.401), and incidence rates in PT and bleeding. Among the initial responders (<500 vs 500 - 549 aspirin reaction units), there were no significant differences in survival (p = 0.177), freedom from suspected/confirmed PT (p=0.542), confirmed PT (p=0.159), bleeding (p=0.879) and incidence of PT and bleeding.Platelet function testing may detect resistance to standard aspirin regimens used in LVAD patients. Dose escalation in initially nonresponsive patients to achieve responsiveness may confer a similar PT risk to patients initially responsive to standard aspirin dosing without increased bleeding risk.

  18. Slow Strain Rate Tensile Testing to Assess the Ability of Superalloys to Resist Environment-Assisted Intergranular Cracking

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gabb, Timothy P.; Telesman, Jack; Banik, Anthony; McDevitt, Erin

    2014-01-01

    Intergranular fatigue crack initiation and growth due to environmental degradation, especially at notched features, can often limit the fatigue life of disk superalloys at high temperatures. For clear comparisons, the effects of alloy composition on cracking in air needs to be understood and compared separately from variables associated with notches and cracks such as effective stress concentration, plastic flow, stress relaxation, and stress redistribution. The objective of this study was to attempt using simple tensile tests of specimens with uniform gage sections to compare the effects of varied alloy composition on environment-assisted cracking of several powder metal and cast and wrought superalloys including ME3, LSHR, Udimet 720, ATI 718Plus alloy, Haynes 282, and Inconel 740. Slow and fast strain-rate tensile tests were found to be a useful tool to compare propensities for intergranular surface crack initiation and growth. The effects of composition and heat treatment on tensile fracture strain and associated failure modes were compared. Environment interactions were determined to often limit ductility, by promoting intergranular surface cracking. The response of various superalloys and heat treatments to slow strain rate tensile testing varied substantially, showing that composition and microstructure can significantly influence environmental resistance to cracking.

  19. Assessing Older Adults’ Perceptions of Sensor Data and Designing Visual Displays for Ambient Assisted Living Environments: An Exploratory Study

    PubMed Central

    Reeder, B.; Chung, J.; Le, T.; Thompson, H.J.; Demiris, G.

    2014-01-01

    Summary Objectives Our objectives were to: 1) characterize older adult participants’ perceived usefulness of in-home sensor data and 2) develop novel visual displays for sensor data from Ambient Assisted Living environments that can become part of electronic health records. Methods Semi-structured interviews were conducted with community-dwelling older adult participants during three and six-month visits. We engaged participants in two design iterations by soliciting feedback about display types and visual displays of simulated data related to a fall scenario. Interview transcripts were analyzed to identify themes related to perceived usefulness of sensor data. Results Thematic analysis identified three themes: perceived usefulness of sensor data for managing health; factors that affect perceived usefulness of sensor data and; perceived usefulness of visual displays. Visual displays were cited as potentially useful for family members and health care providers. Three novel visual displays were created based on interview results, design guidelines derived from prior AAL research, and principles of graphic design theory. Conclusions Participants identified potential uses of personal activity data for monitoring health status and capturing early signs of illness. One area for future research is to determine how visual displays of AAL data might be utilized to connect family members and health care providers through shared understanding of activity levels versus a more simplified view of self-management. Connecting informal and formal caregiving networks may facilitate better communication between older adults, family members and health care providers for shared decision-making. PMID:24728081

  20. Assessment of Assistance in Smoking Cessation Therapy by Pharmacies in Collaboration with Medical Institutions- Implementation of a Collaborative Drug Therapy Management Protocol Based on a Written Agreement between Physicians and Pharmacists.

    PubMed

    Watanabe, Fumiyuki; Shinohara, Kuniko; Dobashi, Akira; Amagai, Kenji; Hara, Kazuo; Kurata, Kaori; Iizima, Hideo; Shimakawa, Kiyoshi; Shimada, Masahiko; Abe, Sakurako; Takei, Keiji; Kamei, Miwako

    2016-01-01

    This study built a protocol for drug therapy management (hereinafter "the protocol") that would enable continuous support from the decision making of smoking cessation therapy to the completion of therapy through the collaboration of physicians and community pharmacists, after which we evaluated whether the use of this protocol would be helpful to smoking cessation therapy. This study utilized the "On the Promotion of Team-Based Medical Care", a Notification by the Health Policy Bureau as one of the resources for judgment, and referred to collaborative drug therapy management (CDTM) in the United States. After the implementation of this protocol, the success rate of smoking cessation at the participating medical institutions rose to approximately 70%, approximately 28-point improvement compared to the rate before the implementation. In addition to the benefits of the standard smoking cessation program, this result may have been affected by the intervention of pharmacists, who assisted in continuing cessation by advising to reduce drug dosage as necessary approximately one week after the smoking cessation, when side effects and the urge to smoke tend to occur. Additionally, the awareness survey for the intervention group revealed that all respondents, including patients who failed to quit smoking, answered that they were satisfied to the question on general satisfaction. The question about the reason for successful cessation revealed that the support by pharmacists was as important as, or more important than, that by physicians and nurses. This infers that the pharmacists' active engagement in drug therapy for individual patients was favorably acknowledged.