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Sample records for affirmative action programs

  1. Affirmative Action Program Manual.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ventura County Community Coll. District, CA.

    Guidelines relating to the affirmative action program of the Ventura County Community College District are provided in this manual. Affirmative action is defined as, "A set of specific and result-oriented procedures to which a contractor commits himself/herself to apply every good faith effort. The objective of those procedures, plus such efforts,…

  2. Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory Affirmative Action Program. Revised

    SciTech Connect

    1995-06-01

    The Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory`s Affirmative Action Program (AAP) serves as a working document that describes current policies, practices, and results in the area of affirmative action. It represents the Laboratory`s framework for an affirmative approach to increasing the representation of people of color and women in segments of our work force where they have been underrepresented and taking action to increase the employment of persons with disabilities and special disabled and Vietnam era veterans. The AAP describes the hierarchy of responsibility for Laboratory affirmative action, the mechanisms that exist for full Laboratory participation in the AAP, the policies and procedures governing recruitment at all levels, the Laboratory`s plan for monitoring, reporting, and evaluating affirmative action progress, and a description of special affirmative action programs and plans the Laboratory has used and will use in its efforts to increase the representation and retention of groups historically underrepresented in our work force.

  3. Affirmative Action Training Program for Firemen.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    MacBain, Z. E.

    This paper summarizes the "Affirmative Action" training of unskilled minorities for jobs as firemen. The various training approaches undertaken are discussed; some were more successful than others. Hopefully, the information provided in this report can be used by other fire departments as a basis for developing their own minority "Affirmative…

  4. Affirmative Action Programs: A Current Perspective.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Muhammad, Habibah P.

    Recent lawsuits and judgments brought against colleges and universities for enacting affirmative action policies are threatening to dismantle the core principles of the Bakke decision (Regents of the University of California v. Bakke) and undermine the Civil Rights Act of 1964. This paper discusses current issues and challenges that pertain to…

  5. 48 CFR 922.804 - Affirmative action programs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Affirmative action programs. 922.804 Section 922.804 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY SOCIOECONOMIC PROGRAMS APPLICATION OF LABOR LAWS TO GOVERNMENT ACQUISITION Equal Employment Opportunity...

  6. 48 CFR 922.804 - Affirmative action programs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Affirmative action programs. 922.804 Section 922.804 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY SOCIOECONOMIC PROGRAMS APPLICATION OF LABOR LAWS TO GOVERNMENT ACQUISITION Equal Employment Opportunity...

  7. 48 CFR 922.804 - Affirmative action programs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Affirmative action programs. 922.804 Section 922.804 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY SOCIOECONOMIC PROGRAMS APPLICATION OF LABOR LAWS TO GOVERNMENT ACQUISITION Equal Employment Opportunity...

  8. 48 CFR 922.804 - Affirmative action programs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Affirmative action programs. 922.804 Section 922.804 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY SOCIOECONOMIC PROGRAMS APPLICATION OF LABOR LAWS TO GOVERNMENT ACQUISITION Equal Employment Opportunity...

  9. 48 CFR 922.804 - Affirmative action programs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Affirmative action programs. 922.804 Section 922.804 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY SOCIOECONOMIC PROGRAMS APPLICATION OF LABOR LAWS TO GOVERNMENT ACQUISITION Equal Employment Opportunity...

  10. Guidelines for Affirmative Action Programs. Promoting Equal Opportunity in Higher Education [and] Authors' Addendum.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reklaitis, Robert F.; And Others

    This paper reviews critical court cases regarding affirmative action and offers guidelines to institutions of higher education evaluating and developing their affirmative action programs in the context of continuing changes in this aspect of law. It discusses the following aspects of affirmative action: what affirmative action is and the need for…

  11. 41 CFR 60-2.17 - Additional required elements of affirmative action programs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... elements of affirmative action programs. 60-2.17 Section 60-2.17 Public Contracts and Property Management... Action Programs § 60-2.17 Additional required elements of affirmative action programs. In addition to the elements required by § 60-2.10 through § 60-2.16, an acceptable affirmative action program must include...

  12. 29 CFR 1608.5 - Affirmative action compliance programs under Executive Order No. 11246, as amended.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY COMMISSION AFFIRMATIVE ACTION APPROPRIATE UNDER TITLE VII OF THE CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1964, AS AMENDED § 1608.5 Affirmative action compliance programs under Executive Order No. 11246,...

  13. 29 CFR 1608.5 - Affirmative action compliance programs under Executive Order No. 11246, as amended.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY COMMISSION AFFIRMATIVE ACTION APPROPRIATE UNDER TITLE VII OF THE CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1964, AS AMENDED § 1608.5 Affirmative action compliance programs under Executive Order No. 11246,...

  14. 29 CFR 1608.5 - Affirmative action compliance programs under Executive Order No. 11246, as amended.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY COMMISSION AFFIRMATIVE ACTION APPROPRIATE UNDER TITLE VII OF THE CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1964, AS AMENDED § 1608.5 Affirmative action compliance programs under Executive Order No. 11246,...

  15. 29 CFR 1608.5 - Affirmative action compliance programs under Executive Order No. 11246, as amended.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY COMMISSION AFFIRMATIVE ACTION APPROPRIATE UNDER TITLE VII OF THE CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1964, AS AMENDED § 1608.5 Affirmative action compliance programs under Executive Order No. 11246,...

  16. 29 CFR 1608.5 - Affirmative action compliance programs under Executive Order No. 11246, as amended.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY COMMISSION AFFIRMATIVE ACTION APPROPRIATE UNDER TITLE VII OF THE CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1964, AS AMENDED § 1608.5 Affirmative action compliance programs under Executive Order No. 11246,...

  17. 41 CFR 60-2.10 - General purpose and contents of affirmative action programs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true General purpose and contents of affirmative action programs. 60-2.10 Section 60-2.10 Public Contracts and Property Management... EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR 2-AFFIRMATIVE ACTION PROGRAMS Purpose and Contents of...

  18. 41 CFR 60-2.17 - Additional required elements of affirmative action programs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Additional required elements of affirmative action programs. 60-2.17 Section 60-2.17 Public Contracts and Property Management... EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR 2-AFFIRMATIVE ACTION PROGRAMS Purpose and Contents of...

  19. 41 CFR 60-2.17 - Additional required elements of affirmative action programs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 1 2012-07-01 2009-07-01 true Additional required elements of affirmative action programs. 60-2.17 Section 60-2.17 Public Contracts and Property Management... EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR 2-AFFIRMATIVE ACTION PROGRAMS Purpose and Contents of...

  20. 41 CFR 60-2.10 - General purpose and contents of affirmative action programs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 1 2012-07-01 2009-07-01 true General purpose and contents of affirmative action programs. 60-2.10 Section 60-2.10 Public Contracts and Property Management... EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR 2-AFFIRMATIVE ACTION PROGRAMS Purpose and Contents of...

  1. 41 CFR 60-2.10 - General purpose and contents of affirmative action programs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false General purpose and contents of affirmative action programs. 60-2.10 Section 60-2.10 Public Contracts and Property Management... EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR 2-AFFIRMATIVE ACTION PROGRAMS Purpose and Contents of...

  2. Affirmative Action Fallout

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roach, Ronald

    2005-01-01

    Race-conscious affirmative action in higher education survived a close challenge in 2003 when the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that race was a valid academic admission criteria in the "Grutter v. Bollinger" case. Two years later, a number of "pipeline" programs to help under-represented minorities gain admission to and complete graduate school have…

  3. Who Needs Affirmative Action.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ginger, Ann Fagan

    1979-01-01

    Affirmative action and reverse discrimination are discussed. Facts that were omitted from the court record on the Bakke case are examined. The need for encouraging minority students and women to continue to press for school admission and for lawyers to continue to press affirmative action suits is stressed. (MC)

  4. Affirmative Action Strategies and Professional Schools: Case Illustrations of Exemplary Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Twale, Darla J.; And Others

    Seven case illustrations of affirmative action (AFA) programs are presented. Increases in the numbers of women and minority students at professional schools have been reported, but disadvantaged populations still suffer underrepresentation. The literature indicates that effective AFA may be realized through: early identification programs and…

  5. 41 CFR 60-2.10 - General purpose and contents of affirmative action programs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... number of quantitative analyses designed to evaluate the composition of the workforce of the contractor... affirmative action program must include the following quantitative analyses: (i) Organizational profile—§ 60-2.11; (ii) Job group analysis—§ 60-2.12; (iii) Placement of incumbents in job groups—§ 60-2.13;...

  6. Affirmative Action Plan.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Triton Coll., River Grove, IL.

    In order to develop an affirmative action plan at Triton College, the college President appointed a committee made up of nine representatives from the various college constituencies, the majority of which were women and minorities, to determine the objectives to be achieved and how to implement them, and to establish appropriate review procedures.…

  7. Affirmative Action Plan.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    North Carolina State Dept. of Public Instruction, Raleigh.

    This affirmative action (AA) guide is intended to identify and remove discriminatory employment practices that may still exist in the North Carolina State Department of Public Instruction (DPI). DPI extends equal employment opportunity (EEO) to all applicants and employees without regard to race, color, religion, sex, age, handicap, political…

  8. Affirmative Action in Higher Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Young, D. Parker

    Stated as a legal constitutional issue the question is, Do affirmative action programs that embody some form of preferential treatment of selected groups resulting in possible quotas constitute reverse discrimination in violation of basic constitutional rights? This issue represents one of the most fundamental questions for our society that the…

  9. The Bakke Case and Affirmative Action

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Allen, Robert

    1978-01-01

    The decision in the Bakke case will not only affect affirmative action programs in education but in employment, housing, and other fields. Charges of "reverse racism" are being used to reverse the limited gains made in two decades. Affirmative action is necessary because institutional racism exists in our society. (SW)

  10. Affirmative Action in Science and Engineering

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Resnik, David B.

    2005-01-01

    This article examines the legal and moral basis of affirmative action in science and engineering, in light of recent legal rulings by the U.S. Supreme Court. It argues that affirmative action programs can be morally and legally justified on the grounds that they enhance educational experiences and promote creativity, productivity, and success in…

  11. Renewing the Fight against Affirmative Action

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roach, Ronald

    2009-01-01

    Some affirmative action and diversity program critics are cheering President Barack Obama's election because they believe his success dramatically undermines the argument that discrimination remains a significant barrier for minorities in American life. Ward Connerly Jr., arguably the most visible anti-affirmative action activist in the United…

  12. 29 CFR 1608.7 - Affirmative action plans or programs under State or local law.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... OPPORTUNITY COMMISSION AFFIRMATIVE ACTION APPROPRIATE UNDER TITLE VII OF THE CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1964, AS... Commission will, in accordance with the “substantial weight” provisions of section 706 of the Act, find...

  13. 29 CFR 1608.7 - Affirmative action plans or programs under State or local law.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... OPPORTUNITY COMMISSION AFFIRMATIVE ACTION APPROPRIATE UNDER TITLE VII OF THE CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1964, AS... Commission will, in accordance with the “substantial weight” provisions of section 706 of the Act, find...

  14. 29 CFR 1608.7 - Affirmative action plans or programs under State or local law.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... OPPORTUNITY COMMISSION AFFIRMATIVE ACTION APPROPRIATE UNDER TITLE VII OF THE CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1964, AS... Commission will, in accordance with the “substantial weight” provisions of section 706 of the Act, find...

  15. 29 CFR 1608.7 - Affirmative action plans or programs under State or local law.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... OPPORTUNITY COMMISSION AFFIRMATIVE ACTION APPROPRIATE UNDER TITLE VII OF THE CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1964, AS... Commission will, in accordance with the “substantial weight” provisions of section 706 of the Act, find...

  16. 29 CFR 1608.7 - Affirmative action plans or programs under State or local law.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... OPPORTUNITY COMMISSION AFFIRMATIVE ACTION APPROPRIATE UNDER TITLE VII OF THE CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1964, AS... Commission will, in accordance with the “substantial weight” provisions of section 706 of the Act, find...

  17. 41 CFR 60-300.44 - Required contents of affirmative action programs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... overall responsibility for the implementation of affirmative action activities required under this part... incorporate special efforts to reach students who are disabled veterans, recently separated veterans, other... discuss policy and explain individual employee responsibilities; (iii) Publicize it in the...

  18. 41 CFR 60-250.44 - Required contents of affirmative action programs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... overall responsibility for the implementation of affirmative action activities required under this part... students who are special disabled veterans, veterans of the Vietnam era, recently separated veterans, or... discuss policy and explain individual employee responsibilities; (iii) Publicize it in the...

  19. 41 CFR 60-741.44 - Required contents of affirmative action programs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... assign overall responsibility for the implementation of affirmative action activities required under this... efforts at all schools should incorporate special efforts to reach students with disabilities. The... establish meaningful contacts with appropriate social service agencies, organizations of and for...

  20. Affirmative Action: Is it Fair?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dworkin, Ronald

    2000-01-01

    Addresses the fairness of affirmative action, suggesting it will be unfortunate if the Supreme Court reverses its ruling, because dramatic evidence of its value in elite higher education has just become available. After discussing legal rulings, the paper concludes that affirmative action makes the eventual economic and social structure of…

  1. Affirmative Action and the Issue of Expectancies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crosby, Faye; Clayton, Susan

    1990-01-01

    Discusses the impact of affirmative action policies on expectancies and interpersonal relations. Concludes that affirmative action policies offer clear advantages to the members of target groups. (DM)

  2. Affirmative Action in Nine Large Companies: A Field Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vernon-Gerstenfeld, Susan; Burke, Edmund

    1985-01-01

    The authors describe the findings of a field study of affirmative action programs in companies in a variety of industries. The distinction between equal employment opportunity and affirmative action is addressed. Methods used to train managers in implementing affirmative action are examined. Also explores employee development, community…

  3. 41 CFR 60-741.44 - Required contents of affirmative action programs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... responsibility for the implementation of affirmative action activities required under this part (see paragraph (i... may engage in any of the following activities: (1) Filing a complaint; (2) Assisting or participating in an investigation, compliance evaluation, hearing, or any other activity related to...

  4. 41 CFR 60-741.44 - Required contents of affirmative action programs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... establish meaningful contacts with appropriate social service agencies, organizations of and for individuals... in the company newspaper, magazine, annual report and other media. (iv) Conduct special meetings with..., recreational and social activities. (v) Measure the contractor's compliance with the affirmative action...

  5. Defending diversity: affirmative action and medical education.

    PubMed Central

    DeVille, K

    1999-01-01

    Affirmative action programs of all types are under attack legally and politically. Although medical schools have not been specifically targeted, their affirmative action programs, like others in higher education, are potentially in danger. This article examines the current legal status of affirmative action in medical education and concludes that a refurbished defense of such programs is essential if they are to survive impending judicial and political scrutiny. An analysis of existing case law and available evidence suggests that a carefully reinvigorated diversity argument is the tactic most likely to pass constitutional muster, as well as the justification most likely to blunt growing public and political opposition to admissions policies that take race and ethnicity into consideration. PMID:10432920

  6. John Rawls and Affirmative Action.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nagel, Thomas

    2003-01-01

    Discusses the philosophy of John Rawls, asserting that although Rawls never wrote about affirmative action, his ideas are relevant to the issue. Rawls concentrated on "ideal theory," which he believed was the theory of what constituted a truly just society. He considered slavery and racial segregation paradigms of injustice. His ideal…

  7. The Affirmative Action Debate: A Critical Reflection

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    van Wyk, Berte

    2010-01-01

    In this article I contend that we cannot divorce affirmative action from issues about race and racism. Further, debates on affirmative action have to acknowledge the power of words/concepts/definitions and how they can be constructed and used for the purposes of domination or liberation. I argue that, in debating affirmative action, we have to…

  8. Affirmative Action: Overcoming Disparities Yields Economic Benefits.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wood, Amy

    1998-01-01

    Affirmative action is a necessary and effective strategy to end racial and gender inequalities. While moral and historical defenses of affirmative action have merit, economic reasoning is a more potent argument. Analysis of the economic costs and benefits of affirmative action in higher education illustrate its effectiveness in reducing income…

  9. Balancing RIF & Affirmative Action: A Guidebook for Administrators. Draft.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ruzicka, Pat; Berard, Barbara, Ed.

    The result of two seminars bringing together educators to discuss the "often conflicting requirements of affirmative action and reductions in force" (RIF), this booklet is intended to provide practical insights and suggestions on meeting affirmative action goals "in situations characterized by staff and program cutbacks." Chapter 1 describes…

  10. Affirmative Action: From before "Bakke" to after "Grutter"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lehmuller, Peter; Gregory, Dennis E.

    2005-01-01

    Affirmative action as a policy to solve past racism has existed since the civil rights movement in the mid-twentieth century. Since its inception there has been controversy as to whether affirmative action can stand legal scrutiny. If it can, then under what circumstances and for what programs may it be used? Since the "Bakke" case in…

  11. Understanding attitudes toward affirmative action programs in employment: summary and meta-analysis of 35 years of research.

    PubMed

    Harrison, David A; Kravitz, David A; Mayer, David M; Leslie, Lisa M; Lev-Arey, Dalit

    2006-09-01

    Affirmative action programs (AAPs) are controversial employment policies in the United States and elsewhere. A large body of evidence about attitudinal reactions to AAPs in employment has accumulated over 35 years: at least 126 independent samples involving 29,000 people. However, findings are not firmly established or integrated. In the current article, the authors summarize and meta-analytically estimate relationships of AAP attitudes with (a) structural features of such programs, (b) perceiver demographic and psychological characteristics, (c) interactions of structural features with perceiver characteristics, and (d) presentation of AAP details to perceivers, including justification of the AAP. Results are generally consistent with predictions derived from self-interest considerations, organizational justice theory, and racism theories. They also suggest practical ways in which AAPs might be designed and communicated to employees to reduce attitudinal resistance.

  12. Affirmative Action in the People's Court.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Citrin, Jack

    1996-01-01

    The 1996 presidential elections will be, in part, a referendum on affirmative action, with partisan battle lines drawn. When the issue is framed for the voter as a choice between group equality or individual merit, affirmative action loses. Recent history suggests that a majority of Americans reject explicit group preferences. (SLD)

  13. Affirmative Action: Field Laboratory for Sociologists.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Liss, Lora

    The role of an affirmative action officer is seen to be an effective link between sociological theory/research and practice. The author describes her experience as the affirmative action officer at Lehigh University by citing origins, functions, strains, and conflicts surrounding the position. She was able to test theories about power, conflict,…

  14. Equal Employment Opportunity Affirmative Action Program Plan: Fiscal year 1986, Accomplishment report of affirmative action for minorities and women: Fiscal year 1987, Annual update of Affirmative Action Program for minorities and women

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1986-01-01

    This document contains tables of changes in work force EEO profile by PATCO and pay level, distribution of EEO groups and underpresentation indices, combined hiring and internal movements, barrier eliminations, and recruitment program. (DLC)

  15. Facility's employment practices reflect affirmative action commitment.

    PubMed

    Glaser, J W; Madden, M J

    1984-04-01

    The U.S. bishops' statements on racism over the last 40 years have addressed the structural as well as the personal aspects of racial discrimination. They have noted its persistence, described it as a moral and religious problem, and called for aggressive action among Catholics to combat it. "Meaningful equality" for blacks, however, remains a distant dream, the U.S. Supreme Court noted in a recent case involving institutional discrimination, because of the basically disadvantaged position into which blacks are born. As statistics on health, education, work, and standard of living illustrate, the socioeconomic opportunities available to blacks are markedly lower than those available to white Americans. Despite these odds, efforts to improve blacks' chances of contributing to society--through affirmative action programs--have achieved striking results in industry. Hospitals, as major workplaces, likewise should focus greater attention on developing and extending minority employment and advancement programs. Catholic health care facilities especially should evaluate their commitments to affirmative action. Increased efforts to eliminate discrimination in all aspects of a hospital's relationships with the business community as well as with its own employees will cause them to be recognized as symbols of justice not only in the workplace but also in society.

  16. USAF Affirmative Actions Plan. A Historical Perspective

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1984-04-01

    five target groups : Black, Hispanic, Other Racial Minority, Women, and Caucasian Male. This change provided a better analysis of affirmative actions for...Blacks and Other Racial Minorities and enabled a comparison between the minority target groups and the remainder of the Air Force population (i.e...Caucasian Male). Regarding this latter point, some field commanders contended that positive results in the affirmative action target groups were at the

  17. 41 CFR 60-2.17 - Additional required elements of affirmative action programs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... distribution (i.e., placement in the different jobs within the unit or group); (2) Personnel activity... program: (1) Monitor records of all personnel activity, including referrals, placements,...

  18. 41 CFR 60-2.17 - Additional required elements of affirmative action programs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... distribution (i.e., placement in the different jobs within the unit or group); (2) Personnel activity... program: (1) Monitor records of all personnel activity, including referrals, placements,...

  19. 41 CFR 60-741.46 - Voluntary affirmative action programs for employees with disabilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... certain disabilities such as traumatic brain injury (TBI) or developmental disabilities and utilizing... voluntary training and development programs should not result in discrimination against other groups and...

  20. 41 CFR 60-250.44 - Required contents of affirmative action programs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... decisions are based only on valid job requirements. The policy shall state that employees and applicants... career days, youth motivation programs, and related activities in their communities. (6) The contractor... veterans. (8) The contractor, in making hiring decisions, should consider applicants who are known...

  1. 41 CFR 60-250.44 - Required contents of affirmative action programs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... decisions are based only on valid job requirements. The policy shall state that employees and applicants... career days, youth motivation programs, and related activities in their communities. (6) The contractor... veterans. (8) The contractor, in making hiring decisions, should consider applicants who are known...

  2. Organizational justice and Black applicants' reactions to affirmative action.

    PubMed

    Cropanzano, Russell; Slaughter, Jerel E; Bachiochi, Peter D

    2005-11-01

    Using organizational justice as a guiding framework, the authors studied perceptions of affirmative action programs by presumed beneficiaries. Three conceptual issues were addressed: (a) the content of different affirmative action plans; (b) the 3-way interaction among distributive, procedural, and interactional justice; and (c) the distinction between outcome favorability and distributive justice. These ideas were tested with a sample of Black engineering students who responded to 1 of 6 plans. Participants distinguished among the various plans, with some policies being viewed as more fair than others. In addition, a 3-way interaction among the 3 types of organizational justice was observed. Specifically, the 2-way interaction between distributive and interactional fairness was only significant when procedural justice was low. Implications for organizational justice and for the design of affirmative action programs are discussed.

  3. Affirmative action in medical education: a legal perspective.

    PubMed

    Helms, L B; Helms, C M

    1998-03-01

    The use of affirmative action programs as part of the effort to increase the presence of minorities in medical education and the physician workforce has come under greater legal scrutiny. The authors describe the history of the legal theory behind affirmative action, giving examples from the evolving case law and from Department of Education guidelines. They identify legal pitfalls in the areas of admission and financial aid, including the categorization of students by race, racially disproportionate financial aid awards after accounting for need, racially disproportionate amounts of scholarships as opposed to loans, and, for public medical schools, differential treatment of out-of-state students based on race. Medical schools should be aware of this legal framework so that they can construct affirmative action programs that comply with the law while maintaining momentum toward diversification.

  4. 29 CFR 1607.13 - Affirmative action.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... have no obligation under Federal law to adopt them; but are not intended to impose any new obligations... obligations. The use of selection procedures which have been validated pursuant to these guidelines does not relieve users of any obligations they may have to undertake affirmative action to assure equal...

  5. Peru: Affirmative Action for the Majority.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bourque, Susan C.

    This paper discusses affirmative action in Peru and considers what the government must do to solve the inferior status of the Indian majority. Ethnically and geographically diverse, Peru's population is said to be marked by inequities in wealth, education, and employment. The policies developed by Peruvian governments over the past 20 years to…

  6. Affirmative Action: A Question of Educational Deprivation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oats, William R., Jr.

    1978-01-01

    Discussions on the affirmative action issue have failed to realize that if race as a concept was used in the past to decide who would not benefit from the American Dream, it must now be used to remedy the effects of what has happened. (Author/AM)

  7. Reversing Affirmative Action: A Theoretical Construct.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tryman, Mfanya Donald

    1986-01-01

    Presents a theoretical construct for understanding job discrimination and affirmative action in higher education. Focuses on three areas of concern: (1) job listings; (2) use of the terms "qualified" and "qualifications" to purge competent Black job candidates; and (3) the role of publications in tenure decisions. Outlines strategies for…

  8. Responding to the New Affirmative Action Climate.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gehring, Donald D., Ed.

    1998-01-01

    Although the term "affirmative action" may stir debate throughout the nation, almost everyone in higher education would agree that a socially, economically, ethically, spiritually, culturally, and otherwise diverse student body can have a significant impact on the free marketplace of ideas that is higher education. The problem faced is…

  9. Generals, the Talented Tenth, and Affirmative Action.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Killian, Lewis M.

    1999-01-01

    Describes W.E.B. DuBois' Talented Tenth concept in regard to race relations and role models for black youth, examining: controversies over affirmative action in higher education, opportunities for black officers in the U.S. armed forces, racial barriers to admission to military institutions, African Americans who became military officers, and…

  10. A Legal Analysis of the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment and Its Impact on Ballot Initiatives and Affirmative Action Programs in Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Waters, Harold Davon

    2012-01-01

    This dissertation explores the controversial issues surrounding affirmative action in higher education. Are anti-affirmative action ballot initiatives in violation of the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment by restructuring the political process of minorities in such a way that places special burden on their ability to secure…

  11. Reverse Discrimination--The Assault against Affirmative Action.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cassetta, William M.; Quaglia, Paul L., Jr.

    1979-01-01

    Examines two cases (Bakke and Detroit Police Officers Association vs Young); examines affirmative action programs, reverse discrimination, and the use of "benign" classifications in light of the Fourteenth Amendment and the United States Code. Available from Editorial and Business Office, Detroit College of Law Review, 130 East Elizabeth…

  12. Impact Ratio Analysis: The New Affirmative Action Wrinkle.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lewis, Phyllis H.; Robbins, Anora R.

    1994-01-01

    The Department of Labor's new guidelines on employee selection procedures are outlined, and their effect on affirmative action programs is discussed. Specific steps in following the guidelines are outlined, and college and universities are advised to review their related operations before an audit is imposed. (MSE)

  13. 41 CFR 60-20.6 - Affirmative action.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... management. In many companies management trainee programs are one of the ladders to management positions... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 1 2011-07-01 2009-07-01 true Affirmative action. 60-20.6 Section 60-20.6 Public Contracts and Property Management Other Provisions Relating to...

  14. Affirmative Action in Science Departments: A Challenge for Higher Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marcus, Laurence R.

    As part of a study of the implementation of affirmative action in academic affairs at the University of Massachusetts at Amherst, interviews were conducted with the heads of ten of the eleven departments and programs of the Faculty of Natural Sciences and Mathematics (FNSM). The data received were combined with written data available in…

  15. Accentuating The Affirmative

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Neill, Shirley Boes

    1976-01-01

    Affirmative action, equal employment opportunity, and comprehensive Employment Training Act (CETA) employment goals are more than catch words in the Los Angeles (CETA) affirmative action program. (ABM)

  16. 7 CFR 15a.3 - Remedial and affirmative action and self-evaluation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Remedial and affirmative action and self-evaluation. 15a.3 Section 15a.3 Agriculture Office of the Secretary of Agriculture EDUCATION PROGRAMS OR... affirmative action and self-evaluation. (a) Remedial action. If the Secretary finds that a recipient...

  17. The History and Impact of State Initiatives to Eliminate Affirmative Action

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kaufmann, Susan W.

    2007-01-01

    Since 1995, efforts to prohibit affirmative action have intensified, perhaps most strikingly in higher education. In 1996, California voters adopted Proposition 209 (Prop. 209), an amendment to the state constitution that banned both discrimination and affirmative action programs that give preferences to groups or individuals based on their race,…

  18. 76 FR 23357 - Affirmative Action and Nondiscrimination Obligations of Contractors and Subcontractors Regarding...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-26

    ...The Office of Federal Contract Compliance Programs (OFCCP) is proposing to revise regulations implementing the affirmative action provisions of the Vietnam Era Veterans' Readjustment Assistance Act of 1974, as amended, which requires covered Federal contractors and subcontractors to take affirmative action in employment on behalf of specified categories of protected veterans. The proposed......

  19. Affirmative Action Plan, October 1991--September 1992

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1991-10-01

    This report documents Reynolds Electrical Engineering Co., Inc., analysis of all major job groups with explanations if minorities and females are underutilized in any one or more job group. Goals and timetables have been developed and good faith efforts are directed to correct any deficiencies. In addition, Affirmative Action Plans for the Handicapped, Vietnam Era Veterans, and Disabled Veterans are included which set forth policies, practices, and procedures in accordance with Department of Labor regulations. All personnel decisions are made at the Company level. Decisions regarding the General Manager or Deputy General Manager are made at the corporate level.

  20. Accomplishing the Goals of Affirmative Action--with or without Affirmative Action

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sternberg, Robert J.

    2005-01-01

    Might it be possible to achieve some or all of the goals of affirmative action through an approach based on an entirely different definition of the problem? This article says "yes." Its logic rests not upon an approach that creates informal quotas for identified groups, but instead on one aimed at discovering merit in people who are…

  1. Affirmative Action in Higher Education: Three Approaches to the Issue.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Noel, Melvina

    Affirmative action remains one of the most controversial of social policies in complex democracies. Altman and Promise (1995), in their article entitled "Affirmative Action: The Law of Unintended Consequences," focuses on the phenomenon that almost every action of government, no matter how well intentioned, has unexpected results. They suggest…

  2. Appeasement: Whites' strategic support for affirmative action.

    PubMed

    Chow, Rosalind M; Lowery, Brian S; Hogan, Caitlin M

    2013-03-01

    This article explores the possibility that dominant-group members will attempt to appease subordinate groups to protect the hierarchy. In four studies, we find that (a) prohierarchy Whites perceive more intergroup threat when they believe ethnic minorities hold Whites in low regard, (b) prohierarchy Whites respond to ethnic minorities' low regard for Whites by increasing their support for redistributive policies (e.g., affirmative action), (c) the increase in support only occurs when prohierarchy Whites perceive the hierarchy to be unstable, and (d) prohierarchy Whites perceive the hierarchy to be more stable if they believe Whites support redistributive policies. These results suggest that prohierarchy dominant-group members' support for redistributive policies can stem from a concern about maintaining the hierarchical status quo, and provides evidence that support for redistributive policies can be a hierarchy-enhancing strategy.

  3. Affirmative Action Plans, January 1, 1994--December 31, 1994. Revision

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1994-02-16

    This document is the Affirmative Action Plan for January 1, 1994 through December 31, 1994 for the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, University of California (``LBL`` or ``the Laboratory.``) This is an official document that will be presented upon request to the Office of Federal Contract Compliance Programs, US Department of Labor. The plan is prepared in accordance with the Executive Order 11246 and 41 CFR Section 60-1 et seq. covering equal employment opportunity and will be updated during the year, if appropriate. Analyses included in this volume as required by government regulations are based on statistical comparisons. All statistical comparisons involve the use of geographic areas and various sources of statistics. The geographic areas and sources of statistics used here are in compliance with the government regulations, as interpreted. The use of any geographic area or statistic does not indicate agreement that the geographic area is the most appropriate or that the statistic is the most relevant. The use of such geographic areas and statistics is intended to have no significance outside the context of this Affirmative Action Plan, although, of course, such statistics and geographic areas will be used in good faith with respect to this Affirmative Action Plan.

  4. The Nifty Nine Arguments Against Affirmative Action in Higher Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fish, Stanley

    2000-01-01

    Responds to nine common arguments against affirmative action, providing facts about each one. The arguments are that affirmative action is not needed; it is not working; it is not fair; it is not merit; it is reverse racism; it is group-think; it is quotas; it lowers self-esteem; and it provokes race consciousness. (SM)

  5. Affirmative Action Now: A Guide for Students, Families, and Counselors

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beckman, James A.

    2006-01-01

    Designed for students, parents, and counselors, this timely work addresses the present state of affirmative action in higher education after the landmark decisions of "Gratz v. Bollinger" and "Grutter v. Bollinger." Informative chapters provide an overall understanding of the history of affirmative action in higher education in…

  6. The Evolution, Development, and Future of Affirmative Action in Government.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davis, James Edward

    This thesis discusses the evolution, development, and future of affirmative action in government. Executive Order 11246 formally created affirmative action in 1965 as a remedy for underuse of minorities and women in the workplace and classroom. Many private businesses believe government organizations promote diversity and social equity. Many local…

  7. Diversity and Affirmative Action: Evolving Principles and Continuing Legal Battles.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Palmer, Scott R.

    This chapter reviews the legal standards governing affirmative action in higher education, examining the diversity rationale and contrasting the cases of Hopwood v. Texas and Wittmer v. Peters, which were decided in 1996. It discusses: the legal standard governing affirmative action in higher education; the remedial interest in overcoming the…

  8. The Attack on Affirmative Action: Lives in Parallel Universes.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Olivas, Michael A.

    1993-01-01

    In response to criticism of affirmative action in higher education, it is argued that affirmative action has brought demonstrable improvements in U.S. society. The debate, and the related research and literature, are reviewed from both perspectives, and it is concluded that the time has come to end white male privilege. (MSE)

  9. Rethinking Admission Policy: Is Affirmative Action Compatible with Fairness?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yu, Chong Ho

    2005-01-01

    This article is a critique of the Dworkinian theory of fairness in the context of Affirmative Action. Although Dworkin committed tremendous endeavors in an attempt to give a fairness argument backed by an empirical study, the question of whether affirmative action is fair remains inconclusive. The sample used in the study is unrepresentative, and…

  10. 29 CFR 1608.4 - Establishing affirmative action plans.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 4 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Establishing affirmative action plans. 1608.4 Section 1608.4 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY COMMISSION AFFIRMATIVE ACTION APPROPRIATE UNDER TITLE VII OF THE CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1964, AS AMENDED §...

  11. 29 CFR 1608.4 - Establishing affirmative action plans.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 4 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Establishing affirmative action plans. 1608.4 Section 1608.4 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY COMMISSION AFFIRMATIVE ACTION APPROPRIATE UNDER TITLE VII OF THE CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1964, AS AMENDED §...

  12. 29 CFR 1608.4 - Establishing affirmative action plans.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 4 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Establishing affirmative action plans. 1608.4 Section 1608.4 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY COMMISSION AFFIRMATIVE ACTION APPROPRIATE UNDER TITLE VII OF THE CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1964, AS AMENDED §...

  13. 29 CFR 1608.4 - Establishing affirmative action plans.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 4 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Establishing affirmative action plans. 1608.4 Section 1608.4 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY COMMISSION AFFIRMATIVE ACTION APPROPRIATE UNDER TITLE VII OF THE CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1964, AS AMENDED §...

  14. 29 CFR 1608.4 - Establishing affirmative action plans.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Establishing affirmative action plans. 1608.4 Section 1608.4 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY COMMISSION AFFIRMATIVE ACTION APPROPRIATE UNDER TITLE VII OF THE CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1964, AS AMENDED §...

  15. Affirmative Action, the Academy and Compromised Standards: Does Affirmative Action Lower Standards in University Hiring, Tenure and Promotion?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hanks, Lawrence J.; Sullivan, Jas; Spencer, Sara B.; Rogers, Elgin

    2008-01-01

    The literature opposed to affirmative action in hiring, granting tenure and promotion in the university claims that it lowers standards. However, anecdotal evidence suggests that in the decades prior to the institutionalization of affirmative action in the Academy, hiring, tenure and promotion standards were quite lax--resembling an "old boys…

  16. Affirmative action as organization development at the Johnson Space Center

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Tryman, Mfanya Donald L.

    1987-01-01

    The role of affirmative actions is investigated as an interventionist Organization Development (OD) strategy for insuring equal opportunities at the NASA/Johnson Space Center. In doing so, an eclectic and holistic model is developed for the recruiting and hiring of minorities and females over the next five years. The strategy, approach, and assumptions for the model are quite different than those for JSC's five year plan. The study concludes that Organization development utilizing affirmative action is a valid means to bring about organizational change and renewal processes, and that an eclectic model of affirmative action is most suitable and rational in obtaining this end.

  17. Temporary Measure or Permanent Solution: Affirmative Action and the Future of Race-Based Preferences in Hiring.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilson, Le Von E.

    1993-01-01

    Examines recent Supreme Court rulings relating to minority set-aside and affirmative action programs. Looks at the analysis of these programs; their impact on those disadvantaged by them; the evolution of affirmative action; reverse discrimination; limited circumstances where preferences are appropriate; and other remedies. (JB)

  18. 41 CFR 60-300.43 - Affirmative action policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... REGARDING DISABLED VETERANS, RECENTLY SEPARATED VETERANS, OTHER PROTECTED VETERANS, AND ARMED FORCES SERVICE... veteran, recently separated veteran, other protected veteran, or Armed Forces service medal veteran and shall take affirmative action to employ and advance in employment qualified disabled veterans,...

  19. Borders and Quotas: Immigration and the Affirmative-Action State.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Skerry, Peter

    1989-01-01

    Examines the effect of recent immigration on the following areas: (1) employment in higher education; (2) school desegregation; (3) public-sector employment; (4) voting rights; and (5) Congressional reapportionment. Discusses affirmative action protection for legal and illegal immigrants. (FMW)

  20. Affirmative Action: Equal Opportunity for Women in Library Management

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    DeFichy, Wendy

    1973-01-01

    Women can achieve equal opportunity in library management through Affirmative Action Committees. Several steps are suggested: the determination of present status; assessment of library policies affecting hiring, parental leave and promotion; some strategies to attain managerial positions. (21 references) (Author)

  1. 44 CFR 19.110 - Remedial and affirmative action and self-evaluation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... action and self-evaluation. 19.110 Section 19.110 Emergency Management and Assistance FEDERAL EMERGENCY... PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES RECEIVING FEDERAL FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE Introduction § 19.110 Remedial and affirmative action and self-evaluation. (a) Remedial action. If the designated agency official finds that...

  2. 36 CFR 1211.110 - Remedial and affirmative action and self-evaluation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... action and self-evaluation. 1211.110 Section 1211.110 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL... PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES RECEIVING FEDERAL FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE Introduction § 1211.110 Remedial and affirmative action and self-evaluation. (a) Remedial action. If the designated agency official finds that...

  3. Affirmative Action in the Quality of Higher Education: The Voices of Graduates of the University for All Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Felicetti, Vera Lucia; Morosini, Marilia Costa; Somers, Patricia

    2013-01-01

    This article is an overview of a doctoral dissertation which presents statements from graduates of the University for All Program (PROUNI) from a non-profit Brazilian university, who were admitted to university through this program. The methodology used was qualitative with a focus on textual analysis. The objective is to identify the outcomes…

  4. 36 CFR 906.4 - Formulation of affirmative action plan.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... action plan. 906.4 Section 906.4 Parks, Forests, and Public Property PENNSYLVANIA AVENUE DEVELOPMENT... action plan. (a) The developer, in formulating the Affirmative Action Plan, should consider all phases of... such as legal, architectural, engineering, and financial; (3) Purchasing materials and supplies...

  5. The Confluence of Race, Gender, and Class among Community College Students: Assessing Attitudes toward Affirmative Action in College Admissions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zamani-Gallaher, Eboni M.

    2007-01-01

    This article examines the attitudes of baccalaureate aspiring community college students with regard to affirmative action in college admissions. Using data from UCLA's Cooperative Institutional Research Program (CIRP) Annual Freshman Year Survey, the study assessed determinants of approval or disapproval of affirmative action for 20,339 community…

  6. 45 CFR 618.110 - Remedial and affirmative action and self-evaluation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF SEX IN EDUCATION PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES... against persons on the basis of sex in an education program or activity, such recipient shall take such... education program or activity, a recipient may take affirmative action consistent with law to overcome...

  7. 45 CFR 86.3 - Remedial and affirmative action and self-evaluation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...-evaluation. 86.3 Section 86.3 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF SEX IN EDUCATION PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES RECEIVING FEDERAL FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE Introduction § 86.3 Remedial and affirmative action and self-evaluation. (a) Remedial action. If the...

  8. 22 CFR 146.110 - Remedial and affirmative action and self-evaluation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...-evaluation. 146.110 Section 146.110 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE CIVIL RIGHTS NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF SEX IN EDUCATION PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES RECEIVING FEDERAL FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE Introduction § 146.110 Remedial and affirmative action and self-evaluation. (a) Remedial action. If...

  9. 40 CFR 5.110 - Remedial and affirmative action and self-evaluation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... self-evaluation. 5.110 Section 5.110 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GENERAL NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF SEX IN EDUCATION PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES RECEIVING FEDERAL FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE Introduction § 5.110 Remedial and affirmative action and self-evaluation. (a) Remedial action. If...

  10. 22 CFR 229.110 - Remedial and affirmative action and self-evaluation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...-evaluation. 229.110 Section 229.110 Foreign Relations AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF SEX IN EDUCATION PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES RECEIVING FEDERAL FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE Introduction § 229.110 Remedial and affirmative action and self-evaluation. (a) Remedial action. If...

  11. 15 CFR 8a.110 - Remedial and affirmative action and self-evaluation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... self-evaluation. 8a.110 Section 8a.110 Commerce and Foreign Trade Office of the Secretary of Commerce NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF SEX IN EDUCATION PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES RECEIVING FEDERAL FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE Introduction § 8a.110 Remedial and affirmative action and self-evaluation. (a) Remedial action. If...

  12. 7 CFR 15a.3 - Remedial and affirmative action and self-evaluation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Remedial and affirmative action and self-evaluation. 15a.3 Section 15a.3 Agriculture Office of the Secretary of Agriculture EDUCATION PROGRAMS OR... such remedial action as the Secretary deems necessary to overcome the effects of such...

  13. 36 CFR 906.5 - Administration of affirmative action plan.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... action plan. (a) The developer shall appoint an Affirmative Action Officer, and for projects exceeding...) The developer shall report to the Corporation periodically its progress in meeting the goals and..., and committed opportunities. In meeting the reporting requirements the developer shall: (1) Count...

  14. The New Haven Department of Education Affirmative Action Plan 1974.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    New Haven Public Schools, CT.

    The New Haven public schools affirmative action report contains statements of purpose, policy, and responsibility in conjunction with a plan of action to ensure that job applicants and employees receive fair consideration without regard to their race, color, religion, sex, or national origin. The goals and timetables established will rectify…

  15. 24 CFR 92.351 - Affirmative marketing; minority outreach program.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Affirmative marketing; minority....351 Affirmative marketing; minority outreach program. (a) Affirmative marketing. (1) Each... (b) of this section. (b) Minority outreach. A participating jurisdiction must prescribe...

  16. 24 CFR 92.351 - Affirmative marketing; minority outreach program.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Affirmative marketing; minority....351 Affirmative marketing; minority outreach program. (a) Affirmative marketing. (1) Each... (b) of this section. (b) Minority outreach. A participating jurisdiction must prescribe...

  17. 24 CFR 92.351 - Affirmative marketing; minority outreach program.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Affirmative marketing; minority....351 Affirmative marketing; minority outreach program. (a) Affirmative marketing. (1) Each... (b) of this section. (b) Minority outreach. A participating jurisdiction must prescribe...

  18. 24 CFR 92.351 - Affirmative marketing; minority outreach program.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Affirmative marketing; minority....351 Affirmative marketing; minority outreach program. (a) Affirmative marketing. (1) Each... (b) of this section. (b) Minority outreach. A participating jurisdiction must prescribe...

  19. 24 CFR 92.351 - Affirmative marketing; minority outreach program.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Affirmative marketing; minority....351 Affirmative marketing; minority outreach program. (a) Affirmative marketing. (1) Each... (b) of this section. (b) Minority outreach. A participating jurisdiction must prescribe...

  20. 41 CFR 60-20.6 - Affirmative action.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Affirmative action. 60-20.6 Section 60-20.6 Public Contracts and Property Management Other Provisions Relating to Public... women's colleges where graduates with skills desired by the employer can be found, and female...

  1. Scaling the Ivory Tower in Spite of Affirmative Action Guidelines.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Adams, Effie K.; Jones, Ruby J.

    The purpose of this discussion is to examine the response of various organizations to Affirmative Action mandates, and to point up instances of practices which have met with both success and near failure. Since colleges and universities have seemingly grown more like big business and industry, they have become more political in their orientation…

  2. The Impact of Affirmative Action Bans in Graduate Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Garces, Liliana M.

    2012-01-01

    This study examines whether bans on affirmative action across four states-- Texas (during "Hopwood v. State of Texas"), California (with Proposition 209), Washington (with Initiative 200), and Florida (with One Florida Initiative)--have reduced the enrollment rates of underrepresented students of color in graduate studies and in a…

  3. Affirmative Action in Higher Education: Why Grutter Was Correctly Decided.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sunstein, Cass R.

    2003-01-01

    Asserts that conservatives in the U.S Supreme Court failed to see that affirmative action in higher education is an important and constitutionally protected institutional liberty, suggesting that Grutter v. Bollinger was correctly decided, and Gratz v. Bollinger was a mistake (but not a disaster). Suggests that such difficult issues should not be…

  4. 41 CFR 60-20.6 - Affirmative action.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 1 2012-07-01 2009-07-01 true Affirmative action. 60-20.6 Section 60-20.6 Public Contracts and Property Management Other Provisions Relating to Public... of coeducational institutions and (2) designing advertisements to indicate that women will...

  5. 41 CFR 60-20.6 - Affirmative action.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Affirmative action. 60-20.6 Section 60-20.6 Public Contracts and Property Management Other Provisions Relating to Public... of coeducational institutions and (2) designing advertisements to indicate that women will...

  6. Fighting Back: Affirmative Action Professionals on the Front Line.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Taylor, Ronald A.

    1996-01-01

    After the appellate court decision in Hopwood versus State of Texas, overturning racial preference in law school admissions, supporters of continued affirmative action policy in higher education are finding conservatives on the offensive and a chilly climate for broad access, but are not planning an aggressive counterattack for fear of negative…

  7. Academic and Diversity Consequences of Affirmative Action in Brazil

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Childs, Porsha; Stromquist, Nelly P.

    2015-01-01

    Since 2001, Brazilian universities have been implementing affirmative-action policies to correct the racial, social and ethnic disparities in university admissions. An examination of the social-inclusion policies at three public universities in Brazil--the University of Brasilia, the Federal University of Bahia and the State University of…

  8. Affirmative Action: The Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sivaramayya, B.

    This paper considers Indian affirmative action policies that provide reservations (quotas) in favor of two disadvantaged groups, the scheduled castes and the scheduled tribes. First, definitions and background are presented. The scheduled castes ("untouchables") are said to suffer from social segregation, and the scheduled tribes from…

  9. After Michigan, What? Next Steps for Affirmative Action. Policy Perspectives

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Slaughter, John Brooks

    2007-01-01

    While colleges and legal analysts are focusing on what to do in the post-Hopwood world, some of us are still asking whether a move away from affirmative action was a prudent move from the beginning. Is it fair for society to move away from supporting students who have not had an equitable chance at the educational brass ring just because, in most…

  10. 41 CFR 60-3.13 - Affirmative action.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Affirmative action. 60-3.13 Section 60-3.13 Public Contracts and Property Management Other Provisions Relating to Public... 3-UNIFORM GUIDELINES ON EMPLOYEE SELECTION PROCEDURES (1978) General Principles §...

  11. Affirmative Action: The Future of Race Based Preferences in Hiring.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilson, Le Von E.

    1992-01-01

    Reviews and analyzes the legal development and current status of affirmative action. Traces the aftermath of the Brown versus Board of Education case, the benign discrimination doctrine, the impact of the City of Richmond versus Croson in minority set-asides in Virginia, and the strict scrutiny standard. (JB)

  12. Impacts of Affirmative Action: Policies and Consequences in California.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ong, Paul, Ed.

    Most U.S. citizens support the elimination of race and gender prejudice and inequality, yet attitudes toward solutions have fluctuated in the years since the civil rights movement began. California, a state that has set precedent for antidiscrimination initiatives since 1934, is now at the center of struggles over affirmative action. The authors…

  13. 45 CFR 83.3 - Remedial and affirmative actions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Remedial and affirmative actions. 83.3 Section 83.3 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION REGULATION FOR THE ADMINISTRATION AND ENFORCEMENT OF SECTIONS 799A AND 845 OF THE PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE ACT Purposes;...

  14. Affirmative Action in Employment: An Overview. Briefing Paper.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burns, Jodi

    All but 3-4% of the 91,189 complaints of alleged discrimination received by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission in 1994 were dismissed for lack of sufficient proof of discrimination. A 1995 study of the extent of voluntary affirmative action found that 37% of a sample of 138 employers surveyed in the Philadelphia area had implemented steps…

  15. 14 CFR 152.409 - Affirmative action plan standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Affirmative action plan standards. 152.409 Section 152.409 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION... selection rate for any race, sex, or ethnic group is less than 80 percent of the rate for the race, sex,...

  16. 14 CFR 152.409 - Affirmative action plan standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Affirmative action plan standards. 152.409 Section 152.409 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION... selection rate for any race, sex, or ethnic group is less than 80 percent of the rate for the race, sex,...

  17. 14 CFR 152.409 - Affirmative action plan standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Affirmative action plan standards. 152.409 Section 152.409 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION... selection rate for any race, sex, or ethnic group is less than 80 percent of the rate for the race, sex,...

  18. Beyond Redress: Reclaiming the Meaning of Affirmative Action.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lawrence, Charles R.

    1993-01-01

    The internment of Japanese Americans in World War II must be understood as a manifestation of the racism that is deeply embedded in our culture. Real affirmative action can be liberating by recognizing that the systemic disestablishment of racism in society is the only remedy for racial subordination. (SLD)

  19. 18 CFR 1316.2 - Affirmative action and equal opportunity.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Affirmative action and equal opportunity. 1316.2 Section 1316.2 Conservation of Power and Water Resources TENNESSEE VALLEY... directive or are in fact segregated on the basis of race, religion, color, or national origin, because...

  20. 18 CFR 1316.2 - Affirmative action and equal opportunity.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2013-04-01 2012-04-01 true Affirmative action and equal opportunity. 1316.2 Section 1316.2 Conservation of Power and Water Resources TENNESSEE VALLEY... directive or are in fact segregated on the basis of race, religion, color, or national origin, because...

  1. 18 CFR 1316.2 - Affirmative action and equal opportunity.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Affirmative action and equal opportunity. 1316.2 Section 1316.2 Conservation of Power and Water Resources TENNESSEE VALLEY... directive or are in fact segregated on the basis of race, religion, color, or national origin, because...

  2. 14 CFR 152.411 - Affirmative action steps.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... recruitment efforts to minority and female organizations, to schools with minority and female students, and to... affirmative action steps: (1) The contractor must establish and maintain a current list of minority and female recruitment sources; provide written notification to these recruitment sources and to community...

  3. Affirmative Action in Medical Education: A Legal Perspective.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Helms, Lelia B.; Helms, Charles M.

    1998-01-01

    Describes history of legal theory behind affirmative action, with examples from case law and Department of Education regulations, identifying legal pitfalls in admissions and financial aid, including categorization of students by race, racially disproportionate financial aid awards after accounting for need, racially disproportionate scholarship…

  4. Affirmative Action, Delivered Equality and the Concept of Community.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Segalman, Ralph

    This paper describes three models of society: (1) the gemeinschaft, (2) the gesellschaft, and (3) the pseudo-gemeinschaft, and examines the affirmative action process and its relationship to the utopian ideals of equality of opportunity and delivered equality. In a gemeinschaft community, members look out for one another and the community exists…

  5. Eliminating Standardized Tests in College Admissions: The New Affirmative Action?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zwick, Rebecca

    1999-01-01

    Eliminating the Scholastic Aptitude Test for college admissions might seem a form of covert affirmative action. Although it is possible to design a workable admissions policy that excludes standardized tests (as 15 percent of colleges have done), banishing admissions tests to further a social-policy goal indirectly is unsound policy. (Contains 25…

  6. The Affirmative Action Myth. Policy Analysis. No. 540

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gryphon, Marie

    2005-01-01

    In the wake of the Supreme Court's 2003 decision upholding admissions preferences, affirmative action remains a deeply divisive issue. This tendency to frame the argument over preferences in terms of fundamental values is common to both sides of the debate. Because the nation's history with respect to race is so painful, the resulting argument is…

  7. 48 CFR 1323.404 - Agency affirmative procurement programs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... SOCIOECONOMIC PROGRAMS ENVIRONMENT, ENERGY AND WATER EFFICIENCY, RENEWABLE ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES, OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY, AND DRUG-FREE WORKPLACE Use of Recovered Materials 1323.404 Agency affirmative...

  8. 48 CFR 1323.404-70 - DOC affirmative procurement program.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... COMMERCE SOCIOECONOMIC PROGRAMS ENVIRONMENT, ENERGY AND WATER EFFICIENCY, RENEWABLE ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES, OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY, AND DRUG-FREE WORKPLACE Use of Recovered Materials 1323.404-70 DOC affirmative...

  9. 48 CFR 1323.404 - Agency affirmative procurement programs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... SOCIOECONOMIC PROGRAMS ENVIRONMENT, ENERGY AND WATER EFFICIENCY, RENEWABLE ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES, OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY, AND DRUG-FREE WORKPLACE Use of Recovered Materials 1323.404 Agency affirmative...

  10. 48 CFR 1323.404-70 - DOC affirmative procurement program.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... COMMERCE SOCIOECONOMIC PROGRAMS ENVIRONMENT, ENERGY AND WATER EFFICIENCY, RENEWABLE ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES, OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY, AND DRUG-FREE WORKPLACE Use of Recovered Materials 1323.404-70 DOC affirmative...

  11. Comments on James Q. Wilson's Compromise on Affirmative Action in American Higher Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Murray, Charles; And Others

    1997-01-01

    Provides responses from a small group of conservative scholars concerning the compromise proposed by Dr. James Q. Wilson indicating that the nation will allow some affirmative action in the form of race-based preferential admissions at the undergraduate level, but not in graduate programs. (GR)

  12. Affirmative Action in Education in Inner Mongolia, People's Republic of China.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Daniels, Doug

    1984-01-01

    Details the great flexibility of linguistic and residential combinations comprising the Chinese system of affirmative action for educating the Mongolian national minority. Notes tactical detail similarities, such as compensatory language training, with Canadian programs. Emphasizes the coherence of China's nationality policy. (NEC)

  13. 10 CFR 5.110 - Remedial and affirmative action and self-evaluation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Remedial and affirmative action and self-evaluation. 5.110 Section 5.110 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF SEX IN EDUCATION PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES RECEIVING FEDERAL FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE Introduction § 5.110 Remedial and...

  14. 18 CFR 1317.110 - Remedial and affirmative action and self-evaluation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2013-04-01 2012-04-01 true Remedial and affirmative action and self-evaluation. 1317.110 Section 1317.110 Conservation of Power and Water Resources TENNESSEE VALLEY AUTHORITY NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF SEX IN EDUCATION PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES...

  15. 18 CFR 1317.110 - Remedial and affirmative action and self-evaluation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Remedial and affirmative action and self-evaluation. 1317.110 Section 1317.110 Conservation of Power and Water Resources TENNESSEE VALLEY AUTHORITY NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF SEX IN EDUCATION PROGRAMS OR...

  16. 18 CFR 1317.110 - Remedial and affirmative action and self-evaluation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Remedial and affirmative action and self-evaluation. 1317.110 Section 1317.110 Conservation of Power and Water Resources TENNESSEE VALLEY AUTHORITY NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF SEX IN EDUCATION PROGRAMS OR...

  17. 7 CFR 15a.3 - Remedial and affirmative action and self-evaluation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Remedial and affirmative action and self-evaluation. 15a.3 Section 15a.3 Agriculture Office of the Secretary of Agriculture EDUCATION PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES RECEIVING OR BENEFITTING FROM FEDERAL FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE Introduction § 15a.3 Remedial...

  18. 7 CFR 15a.3 - Remedial and affirmative action and self-evaluation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Remedial and affirmative action and self-evaluation. 15a.3 Section 15a.3 Agriculture Office of the Secretary of Agriculture EDUCATION PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES RECEIVING OR BENEFITTING FROM FEDERAL FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE Introduction § 15a.3 Remedial...

  19. 7 CFR 15a.3 - Remedial and affirmative action and self-evaluation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Remedial and affirmative action and self-evaluation. 15a.3 Section 15a.3 Agriculture Office of the Secretary of Agriculture EDUCATION PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES RECEIVING OR BENEFITTING FROM FEDERAL FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE Introduction § 15a.3 Remedial...

  20. 45 CFR 618.110 - Remedial and affirmative action and self-evaluation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF SEX IN EDUCATION PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES... discrimination. (b) Affirmative action. In the absence of a finding of discrimination on the basis of sex in an... steps to eliminate the effects of any discrimination that resulted or may have resulted from...

  1. 45 CFR 618.110 - Remedial and affirmative action and self-evaluation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF SEX IN EDUCATION PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES... discrimination. (b) Affirmative action. In the absence of a finding of discrimination on the basis of sex in an... steps to eliminate the effects of any discrimination that resulted or may have resulted from...

  2. 45 CFR 618.110 - Remedial and affirmative action and self-evaluation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF SEX IN EDUCATION PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES... discrimination. (b) Affirmative action. In the absence of a finding of discrimination on the basis of sex in an... steps to eliminate the effects of any discrimination that resulted or may have resulted from...

  3. 45 CFR 618.110 - Remedial and affirmative action and self-evaluation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF SEX IN EDUCATION PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES... discrimination. (b) Affirmative action. In the absence of a finding of discrimination on the basis of sex in an... steps to eliminate the effects of any discrimination that resulted or may have resulted from...

  4. Why Latina/os Need More than Twenty-Five of Affirmative Action

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Kevin R.

    2004-01-01

    A time limit ensures periodic review of a race-based program to make sure that it is maintained only if needed or, if necessary, modified to better achieve its goals. The 25-year time limit announced by Justice O'Connor grabbed public attention which shows that University of Michigan affirmative action cases would be of monumental importance to…

  5. 40 CFR 5.110 - Remedial and affirmative action and self-evaluation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Remedial and affirmative action and self-evaluation. 5.110 Section 5.110 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GENERAL NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF SEX IN EDUCATION PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES RECEIVING FEDERAL FINANCIAL...

  6. 40 CFR 5.110 - Remedial and affirmative action and self-evaluation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Remedial and affirmative action and self-evaluation. 5.110 Section 5.110 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GENERAL NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF SEX IN EDUCATION PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES RECEIVING FEDERAL FINANCIAL...

  7. 40 CFR 5.110 - Remedial and affirmative action and self-evaluation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Remedial and affirmative action and self-evaluation. 5.110 Section 5.110 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GENERAL NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF SEX IN EDUCATION PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES RECEIVING FEDERAL FINANCIAL...

  8. 40 CFR 5.110 - Remedial and affirmative action and self-evaluation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Remedial and affirmative action and self-evaluation. 5.110 Section 5.110 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GENERAL NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF SEX IN EDUCATION PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES RECEIVING FEDERAL FINANCIAL...

  9. The Lengthening Shadow of Slavery. A Historical Justification for Affirmative Action for Blacks in Higher Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fleming, John E.; And Others

    Affirmative action programs are under attack in the 1970's. The country seems to be forgetting that the legacy of slavery is still with us. To act justly in the present and future, the past must be recalled because in large measure it shaped present conditions. Selected events in the history of black people in America, and certain key factors that…

  10. Smoothing the Wrinkles in Affirmative Action Training.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mundale, Susan

    1980-01-01

    Covert discrimination has replaced overt racism and sexism in hiring programs, and relatively few women are hired in line areas. New issues, such as the rights of handicapped and older workers, are beginning to appear. Training and development professionals will be called on to ensure that equal employment opportunity is achieved. (CT)

  11. Affirmative Action Case Queued Up for Airing at High Court

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walsh, Mark

    2012-01-01

    The future of affirmative action in education--not just for colleges but potentially for K-12 schools as well--may be on the line when the U.S. Supreme Court takes up a race-conscious admissions plan from the University of Texas next month. That seems apparent to the scores of education groups that have lined up behind the university with…

  12. A measurement perspective on affirmative action in U.S. medical education.

    PubMed

    Kreiter, Clarence D

    2013-01-01

    Background The U.S. Supreme Court has recently heard another affirmative action case, and similar programs to promote equitable representation in higher education are being debated and enacted around the world. Understanding the empirical and quantitative research conducted over the last 50 years is important in designing effective and fair initiatives related to affirmative action in medical education. Unfortunately, the quantitative measurement research relevant to affirmative action is poorly documented in the scholarly journals that serve medical education. Methods This research organizes and documents the measurement literature relevant to enacting affirmative action within the medical school environment, and should be valuable for informing future actions. It provides summaries of those areas where the research evidence is strong and highlights areas where more research evidence is needed. To structure the presentation, 10 topic areas are identified in the form of research questions. Results Measurement evidence related to these questions is reviewed and summarized to provide evidence-based answers. Conclusions These answers should provide a useful foundation for making important decisions regarding the use of racial diversity initiatives in medical education.

  13. Diversification of U.S. medical schools via affirmative action implementation

    PubMed Central

    Lakhan, Shaheen Emmanuel

    2003-01-01

    Background The diversification of medical school student and faculty bodies via race-conscious affirmative action policy is a societal and legal option for the U.S. Supreme Court has recently ruled its use constitutional. This paper investigates the implications of affirmative action, particularly race-conscious compared to race-blind admissions policy; explains how alternative programs are generally impractical; and provides a brief review of the history and legality of affirmative action in the United States. Discussion Selection based solely on academic qualifications such as GPA and MCAT scores does not achieve racial and ethnic diversity in medical school, nor does it adequately predict success as practicing physicians. However, race-conscious preference yields greater practice in underserved and often minority populations, furthers our biomedical research progression, augments health care for minority patients, and fosters an exceptional medical school environment where students are better able to serve an increasingly multicultural society. Summary The implementation of race-conscious affirmative action results in diversity in medicine. Such diversity has shown increased medical practice in underserved areas, thereby providing better health care for the American people. PMID:13678423

  14. White Americans' opposition to affirmative action: group interest and the harm to beneficiaries objection.

    PubMed

    O'Brien, Laurie T; Garcia, Donna; Crandall, Christian S; Kordys, Justin

    2010-12-01

    We focused on a powerful objection to affirmative action - that affirmative action harms its intended beneficiaries by undermining their self-esteem. We tested whether White Americans would raise the harm to beneficiaries objection particularly when it is in their group interest. When led to believe that affirmative action harmed Whites, participants endorsed the harm to beneficiaries objection more than when led to believe that affirmative action did not harm Whites. Endorsement of a merit-based objection to affirmative action did not differ as a function of the policy's impact on Whites. White Americans used a concern for the intended beneficiaries of affirmative action in a way that seems to further the interest of their own group.

  15. Genetics against race: Science, politics and affirmative action in Brazil

    PubMed Central

    Kent, Michael; Wade, Peter

    2015-01-01

    This article analyses interrelations between genetic ancestry research, political conflict and social identity. It focuses on the debate on race-based affirmative action policies, which have been implemented in Brazil since the turn of the century. Genetic evidence of high levels of admixture in the Brazilian population has become a key element of arguments that question the validity of the category of race for the development of public policies. In response, members of Brazil’s black movement have dismissed the relevance of genetics by arguing, first, that in Brazil race functions as a social – rather than a biological – category, and, second, that racial classification and discrimination in this country are based on appearance, rather than on genotype. This article highlights the importance of power relations and political interests in shaping public engagements with genetic research and their social consequences. PMID:27479998

  16. Genetics against race: Science, politics and affirmative action in Brazil.

    PubMed

    Kent, Michael; Wade, Peter

    2015-12-01

    This article analyses interrelations between genetic ancestry research, political conflict and social identity. It focuses on the debate on race-based affirmative action policies, which have been implemented in Brazil since the turn of the century. Genetic evidence of high levels of admixture in the Brazilian population has become a key element of arguments that question the validity of the category of race for the development of public policies. In response, members of Brazil's black movement have dismissed the relevance of genetics by arguing, first, that in Brazil race functions as a social--rather than a biological--category, and, second, that racial classification and discrimination in this country are based on appearance, rather than on genotype. This article highlights the importance of power relations and political interests in shaping public engagements with genetic research and their social consequences.

  17. Diversity, trust, and patient care: affirmative action in medical education 25 years after Bakke.

    PubMed

    DeVille, Kenneth; Kopelman, Loretta M

    2003-08-01

    The U.S. Supreme Court's seminal 1978 Bakke decision, now 25 years old, has an ambiguous and endangered legacy. Justice Lewis Powell's opinion provided a justification that allowed leaders in medical education to pursue some affirmative action policies while at the same time undermining many other potential defenses. Powell asserted that medical schools might have a "compelling interest" in the creation of a diverse student body. But Powell's compromise jeopardized affirmative action since it blocked many justifications for responding to increases in political opposition and legal challenges. The Bakke decision and its moral background and legal legacy are traced and analyzed. Despite recent legal setbacks, the framework sketched by Powell can be used to defend diversity in medical education both morally and legally as a "compelling state interest." Because trust is a central component of the physician-patient relationship and a prerequisite to the profession's ability to provide effective medical care, the state has a compelling interest in training physicians with whom patients can feel comfortable and safe if the population is (1) distrustful; (2) underserved; (3) faces significant discrimination in the allocation of benefits, goods and services and (4) affirmative action programs would be likely to promote their trust in the system. Similar narrowly-tailored arguments could be used in other professions and for other groups. Bakke is an important background for the pending Grutter case.

  18. Affirmative Action's Testament of Hope: Strategies for a New Era in Higher Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Garcia, Mildred, Ed.

    This book of 10 papers presents a collaborative effort of professionals in several disciplines to analyze the impact of affirmative action in higher education. Emphasis is on how affirmative action can be constructed for the 21st century to protect individuals who have been discriminated against and excluded from higher education. The papers are:…

  19. Conservative Force or Contradictory Resource? Education and Affirmative Action in Jharkhand, India

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Higham, Rob; Shah, Alpa

    2013-01-01

    This article explores the combination of education and affirmative action in challenging historic inequalities faced by adivasis, or indigenous peoples, living in a remote region of Eastern India. We show how the combined effects of education and affirmative action can act as a "contradictory resource". On the one hand, policies of…

  20. Affirmative Action: What Do We Know? Discussion Paper No. 1314-06

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Holzer, Harry J.; Neumark, David

    2006-01-01

    In this paper we review the research evidence on the effects of affirmative action in employment, university admissions, and government procurement. We consider effects on both "equity" (or distribution) as well as "efficiency." Overall, we find that affirmative action does redistribute jobs, university admissions, and…

  1. 76 FR 77055 - Affirmative Action and Nondiscrimination Obligations of Contractors and Subcontractors Regarding...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-09

    ... organizations and agencies requested that OFCCP strengthen the existing affirmative action requirements and... commenters addressed this issue. Of these, 37 said that hiring goals ``like those for race and gender... regulations. Existing paragraph (a) discusses the contractor's affirmative action obligations but does...

  2. International Perspectives on Affirmative Action. A Bellagio Conference (Lake Como, Italy, August 16-20, 1982).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rockefeller Foundation, New York, NY.

    This volume presents nine papers read at a conference on affirmative action, sponsored by the Rockefeller Foundation and held at Columbia University in August 1982; a preface, summary paper, and list of participants are also included. Each paper addresses the issue of affirmative action within a different country and describes: (1) the policies…

  3. 48 CFR 52.222-36 - Affirmative Action for Workers With Disabilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Workers With Disabilities. 52.222-36 Section 52.222-36 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL... Provisions and Clauses 52.222-36 Affirmative Action for Workers With Disabilities. As prescribed in 22.1408(a), insert the following clause: Affirmative Action for Workers With Disabilities (OCT 2010) (a) General....

  4. 13 CFR 117.6 - Remedial and affirmative action by recipients.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Remedial and affirmative action by recipients. 117.6 Section 117.6 Business Credit and Assistance SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION... 1975, AS AMENDED § 117.6 Remedial and affirmative action by recipients. (a) Where a recipient is...

  5. 29 CFR 1608.3 - Circumstances under which voluntary affirmative action is appropriate.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 4 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Circumstances under which voluntary affirmative action is appropriate. 1608.3 Section 1608.3 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY COMMISSION AFFIRMATIVE ACTION APPROPRIATE UNDER TITLE VII OF THE CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1964,...

  6. 29 CFR 1608.3 - Circumstances under which voluntary affirmative action is appropriate.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Circumstances under which voluntary affirmative action is appropriate. 1608.3 Section 1608.3 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY COMMISSION AFFIRMATIVE ACTION APPROPRIATE UNDER TITLE VII OF THE CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1964,...

  7. 29 CFR 1608.3 - Circumstances under which voluntary affirmative action is appropriate.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 4 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Circumstances under which voluntary affirmative action is appropriate. 1608.3 Section 1608.3 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY COMMISSION AFFIRMATIVE ACTION APPROPRIATE UNDER TITLE VII OF THE CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1964,...

  8. 29 CFR 1608.3 - Circumstances under which voluntary affirmative action is appropriate.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 4 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Circumstances under which voluntary affirmative action is appropriate. 1608.3 Section 1608.3 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY COMMISSION AFFIRMATIVE ACTION APPROPRIATE UNDER TITLE VII OF THE CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1964,...

  9. 29 CFR 1608.3 - Circumstances under which voluntary affirmative action is appropriate.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 4 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Circumstances under which voluntary affirmative action is appropriate. 1608.3 Section 1608.3 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY COMMISSION AFFIRMATIVE ACTION APPROPRIATE UNDER TITLE VII OF THE CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1964,...

  10. Asian Pacific American College Freshman: Attitudes toward the Abolishment of Affirmative Action in College Admissions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hartlep, Nicholas D.; Ecker, Madonna M.; Miller, Donald D.; Whitmore, Kimberly E.

    2013-01-01

    Affirmative action is perceived as a corrective policy intended to promote social equity (Crosby, Iyer, & Sincharoen, 2006; Curry & West, 1996; Kaplin & Lee, 2007; Oppenheimer, 1996). Indeed, affirmative action as a policy has been used to address minority underrepresentation (Ball, 2000), remedying the effects of past/current…

  11. Reflections on Race: Affirmative Action Policies Influencing Higher Education in France and the United States

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Donahoo, Saran

    2008-01-01

    Background/Context: Although frequently associated with the United States, affirmative action is not a uniquely American social policy. Indeed, 2003 witnessed review and revision of affirmative action policies affecting higher education institutions in both France and the United States. Using critical race theory (CRT) as a theoretical lens, this…

  12. An Exploratory Study of Undergraduates' Attitudes toward Affirmative Action Policies for Asian Americans in College

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hartlep, Nicholas Daniel; Lowinger, Robert Jay

    2014-01-01

    This exploratory study examined white undergraduate students' (a) racial attitudes towards Asian Americans, (b) principled policy attitudes toward affirmative action, and (c) self-interest in relation to their support for college-based affirmative action policies for Asian Americans at a Midwestern university. A sample (n = 264, 28% male, 72%…

  13. 4 States Named as New Targets in Affirmative-Action Fight

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schmidt, Peter

    2007-01-01

    Critics of affirmative action announced last week efforts to get bans on racial and ethnic preferences on the ballots in four states--Arizona, Colorado, Missouri, and Oklahoma--as part of a plan to thrust the issue into the national spotlight in the November 2008 elections. Ward Connerly, the prominent anti-affirmative-action activist who played a…

  14. Why Affirmative Action in American Colleges and Universities Should Be Constitutional.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Katyal, Neal Kumar

    2003-01-01

    Shows why prior rulings of a key Supreme Court justice are not in conflict with a final ruling that race may be considered as one factor in admissions to higher education. Discusses the Supreme Court's decision to hear the cases on affirmative action policies at the University of Michigan, asserting that affirmative action in the university…

  15. Affirmative Action in Antidiscrimination Law and Policy: An Overview and Synthesis. SUNY Series in American Constitutionalism.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leiter, Samuel; Leiter, William M.

    This book focuses on the legal and ideological controversy over the application of affirmative action policy to combat discrimination based on race, national origin/ethnicity, and gender. After the introduction, seven chapters discuss (2) "The Roots of Affirmative Action, the Women's Movement, and the Groups Covered by Affirmative…

  16. 48 CFR 52.222-36 - Affirmative Action for Workers With Disabilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... Workers With Disabilities. 52.222-36 Section 52.222-36 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL... Provisions and Clauses 52.222-36 Affirmative Action for Workers With Disabilities. As prescribed in 22.1408(a), insert the following clause: Affirmative Action for Workers With Disabilities (OCT 2010) (a) General....

  17. 34 CFR 361.19 - Affirmative action for individuals with disabilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 34 Education 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Affirmative action for individuals with disabilities... Administration § 361.19 Affirmative action for individuals with disabilities. The State plan must assure that the... disabilities covered under and on the same terms and conditions as stated in section 503 of the Act....

  18. Affirmative Action, Diversity, and Racial Justice: Reflections from a Diverse, Non-Elite University

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blum, Lawrence

    2016-01-01

    In this article, I argue (1) affirmative action diverts attention from more urgent needs of racial justice in education--better quality K-12 education, and better quality and more accessible public higher education; (2) the increasing wealth of students at affirmative action institutions is a sign of diminished quality of those students compared…

  19. 48 CFR 423.404 - Agency affirmative procurement programs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Agency affirmative procurement programs. 423.404 Section 423.404 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SOCIOECONOMIC PROGRAMS ENVIRONMENT, ENERGY AND WATER EFFICIENCY, RENEWABLE ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES,...

  20. Affirmative Action Plan for Improvement of Equal Opportunities for Members of Minority Groups, Women, and Physically Handicapped.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Black Hawk Coll., Moline, IL.

    This document presents the affirmative action plan developed by Black Hawk College to assure the development and maintenance of educational programs, services, and employment practices that are sensitive to the needs of minorities, women, and the physically handicapped. Part I deals with employment, outlining a specific plan for improving equal…

  1. Interest Convergence or Divergence? A Critical Race Analysis of Asian Americans, Meritocracy, and Critical Mass in the Affirmative Action Debate

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Park, Julie J.; Liu, Amy

    2014-01-01

    We use the Critical Race Theory frameworks of interest convergence and divergence to critique the anti-affirmative action movement's co-option of Asian Americans. Past discussions of affirmative action and Asian Americans mainly concentrate on how Asian Americans are affected by affirmative action, whether positively or negatively. We demonstrate…

  2. Beyond Self-Interest: Asian Pacific Americans toward a Community of Justice. A Policy Analysis of Affirmative Action.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chin, Gabriel; And Others

    In this policy analysis of affirmative action, four Asian Pacific American law professors make a case for affirmative action with a special focus on Asian Pacific Americans (APAs). It is asserted that affirmative action produces many benefits, such as reducing the harm of racism, promoting equal opportunity, and advancing racial justice. However,…

  3. The positive and negative framing of affirmative action: a group dominance perspective.

    PubMed

    Haley, Hillary; Sidanius, Jim

    2006-05-01

    Using a sample of 328 White, Latino, and Black Los Angeles County adults, the authors examined the tendency to employ various affirmative action "frames" (e.g., affirmative action as a "tie-breaking" device or as a quota-based policy). All three groups agreed about which frames cast affirmative action in a positive light and which cast it in a negative light. Although minorities had a tendency to frame affirmative action in terms that most people find morally acceptable, Whites had a tendency to frame affirmative action in terms most people find unacceptable. In addition, compared to minorities, Whites were less supportive of affirmative action regardless of how it was framed. LISREL modeling also was employed to test two competing models regarding predictors of the tendency to use frames that one personally finds to be relatively negative versus positive. Consistent with the expectations of social dominance theory and a motivated cognition perspective, the authors found that social dominance orientation (SDO) had significant net direct and indirect effects on one's framing of affirmative action.

  4. Dialectical Thinking and Fairness-Based Perspectives of Affirmative Action.

    PubMed

    Hideg, Ivona; Ferris, D Lance

    2017-02-02

    Affirmative action (AA) policies are among the most effective means for enhancing diversity and equality in the workplace, yet are also often viewed with scorn by the wider public. Fairness-based explanations for this scorn suggest AA policies provide preferential treatment to minorities, violating procedural fairness principles of consistent treatment. In other words, to promote equality in the workplace, effective AA policies promote inequality when selecting employees, and the broader public perceives this to be procedurally unfair. Given this inconsistency underlies negative reactions to AA policies, we argue that better preparing individuals to deal with inconsistencies can mitigate negative reactions to AA policies. Integrating theories from the fairness and cognitive styles literature, we demonstrate across 4 studies how dialectical thinking-a cognitive style associated with accepting inconsistencies in one's environment-increases support for AA policies via procedural fairness perceptions. Specifically, we found support for our propositions across a variety of AA policy types (i.e., strong and weak preference policies) and when conceptualizing dialectical thinking either as an individual difference or as a state that can be primed-including being primed by the framing of the AA policy itself. We discuss theoretical contributions and insights for policy-making at government and organizational levels. (PsycINFO Database Record

  5. Democracy under Fire: Voter Confusion and Influences in Colorado's Anti-Affirmative Action Initiative

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Farley, Amy N.; Gaertner, Matthew N.; Moses, Michele S.

    2013-01-01

    In this article, Amy N. Farley, Matthew N. Gaertner, and Michele S. Moses examine the use of ballot initiatives as a particularly attractive form of direct democracy for opponents of affirmative action in higher education. Building on previous scholarship, the authors question whether anti-affirmative ballot initiatives validly reflect voters'…

  6. Understanding the Impact of Affirmative Action Bans in Different Graduate Fields of Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Garces, Liliana M.

    2013-01-01

    This study examines the effects of affirmative action bans in four states (California, Florida, Texas, and Washington) on the enrollment of underrepresented students of color within six different graduate fields of study: the natural sciences, engineering, social sciences, business, education, and humanities. Findings show that affirmative action…

  7. Changing Educational Inequalities in India in the Context of Affirmative Action

    PubMed Central

    DESAI, SONALDE; KULKARNI, VEENA

    2008-01-01

    Indian society suffers from substantial inequalities in education, employment, and income based on caste and ethnicity. Compensatory or positive discrimination policies reserve 15% of the seats in institutions of higher education and state and central government jobs for people of the lowest caste, the Scheduled Caste; 7.5% of the seats are reserved for the Scheduled Tribe. These programs have been strengthened by improved enforcement and increased funding in the 1990s. This positive discrimination has also generated popular backlash and on-the-ground sabotage of the programs. This paper examines the changes in educational attainment between various social groups for a period of nearly 20 years to see whether educational inequalities have declined over time. We use data from a large national sample survey of over 100,000 households for each of the four survey years—1983, 1987–1988, 1993–1994, and 1999–2000—and focus on the educational attainment of children and young adults aged 6–29. Our results show a declining gap between dalits, adivasis, and others in the odds of completing primary school. Such improvement is not seen for Muslims, a minority group that does not benefit from affirmative action. We find little improvement in inequality at the college level. Further, we do not find evidence that upper-income groups, the so-called creamy layer of dalits and adivasis, disproportionately benefit from the affirmative action programs at the expense of their lower-income counterparts. PMID:18613480

  8. Changing educational inequalities in India in the context of affirmative action.

    PubMed

    Desai, Sonalde; Kulkarni, Veena

    2008-05-01

    Indian society suffers from substantial inequalities in education, employment, and income based on caste and ethnicity. Compensatory or positive discrimination policies reserve 15% of the seats in institutions of higher education and state and central government jobs for people of the lowest caste, the Scheduled Caste; 7.5% of the seats are reserved for the Scheduled Tribe. These programs have been strengthened by improved enforcement and increased funding in the 1990s. This positive discrimination has also generated popular backlash and on-the-ground sabotage of the programs. This paper examines the changes in educational attainment between various social groups for a period of nearly 20 years to see whether educational inequalities have declined over time. We use data from a large national sample survey of over 100,000 households for each of the four survey years--1983, 1987-1988, 1993-1994, and 1999-2000--and focus on the educational attainment of children and young adults aged 6-29. Our results show a declining gap between dalits, adivasis, and others in the odds of completing primary school. Such improvement is not seen for Muslims, a minority group that does not benefit from affirmative action. We find little improvement in inequality at the college level. Further, we do not find evidence that upper-income groups, the so-called creamy layer of dalits and adivasis, disproportionately benefit from the affirmative action programs at the expense of their lower-income counterparts.

  9. The Role of Persuasive Arguments in Changing Affirmative Action Attitudes and Expressed Behavior in Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    White, Fiona A.; Charles, Margaret A.; Nelson, Jacqueline K.

    2008-01-01

    The research reported in this article examined the conditions under which persuasive arguments are most effective in changing university students' attitudes and expressed behavior with respect to affirmative action (AA). The conceptual framework was a model that integrated the theory of reasoned action and the elaboration likelihood model of…

  10. 36 CFR Exhibit B to Part 906 - Guidelines for Establishing Strategy To Implement Affirmative Action Personnel Plan

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... affirmative action policy in advertisements and employment literature. (3) Utilization of minority media in... review of minority, female, Vietnam era veteran, and handcapped employees to identify underutilized...

  11. The Future of Affirmative Action. Grade 11 Lesson. Schools of California Online Resources for Education (SCORE): Connecting California's Classrooms to the World.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ballard, Michael

    Executive Order 11873 was introduced in June 1965 by President Lyndon B. Johnson in a speech at Howard University. This order began the first of the federal government's affirmative action programs. Since that time, these programs have become a major topic among not only government officials at all levels of government but the general population…

  12. A mediation model of individual differences in attitudes toward affirmative actions for women.

    PubMed

    Moscoso, Silvia; García-Izquierdo, Antonio L; Bastida, María

    2012-06-01

    A mediation model of the relation between gender and attitudes toward affirmative action in favor of working women was tested. Four mediation variables were considered: perceived unfairness in the situation of working women, perceived threat to the non-designated group (men), self-esteem, and gender self-concept (masculinity and femininity). 192 women and 128 men, with differing occupations, participated. Gender affects individuals' attitudes toward affirmative actions for women, mediated by perceived unfairness in the situation of working women, perceived threat to the non-designated group, and feminine self-concept. Implications for research and practice are discussed.

  13. Ending Affirmative Action at Prestigious Law Schools Will Sharply Curtail African-American Progress into Major Law Firms.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Journal of Blacks in Higher Education, 1999

    1999-01-01

    Explores what would happen to black law school admissions if affirmative-action admissions decisions are banned. The threat to affirmative action is only half of the problem of integrating African Americans into the major law firms, which are so overwhelmingly white that many blacks prefer not to join them. (SLD)

  14. 29 CFR 1608.6 - Affirmative action plans which are part of Commission conciliation or settlement agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...) EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY COMMISSION AFFIRMATIVE ACTION APPROPRIATE UNDER TITLE VII OF THE CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1964, AS AMENDED § 1608.6 Affirmative action plans which are part of Commission... determination of no reasonable cause under § 1608.10(a) and will advise the respondent of its right...

  15. 29 CFR 1608.6 - Affirmative action plans which are part of Commission conciliation or settlement agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...) EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY COMMISSION AFFIRMATIVE ACTION APPROPRIATE UNDER TITLE VII OF THE CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1964, AS AMENDED § 1608.6 Affirmative action plans which are part of Commission... determination of no reasonable cause under § 1608.10(a) and will advise the respondent of its right...

  16. 29 CFR 1608.6 - Affirmative action plans which are part of Commission conciliation or settlement agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...) EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY COMMISSION AFFIRMATIVE ACTION APPROPRIATE UNDER TITLE VII OF THE CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1964, AS AMENDED § 1608.6 Affirmative action plans which are part of Commission... determination of no reasonable cause under § 1608.10(a) and will advise the respondent of its right...

  17. 29 CFR 1608.6 - Affirmative action plans which are part of Commission conciliation or settlement agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...) EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY COMMISSION AFFIRMATIVE ACTION APPROPRIATE UNDER TITLE VII OF THE CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1964, AS AMENDED § 1608.6 Affirmative action plans which are part of Commission... determination of no reasonable cause under § 1608.10(a) and will advise the respondent of its right...

  18. 29 CFR 1608.6 - Affirmative action plans which are part of Commission conciliation or settlement agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...) EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY COMMISSION AFFIRMATIVE ACTION APPROPRIATE UNDER TITLE VII OF THE CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1964, AS AMENDED § 1608.6 Affirmative action plans which are part of Commission... determination of no reasonable cause under § 1608.10(a) and will advise the respondent of its right...

  19. Racial Diversity, Legitimacy, and the Citizenry: The Impact of Affirmative Action Bans on Graduate School Enrollment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Garces, Liliana M.

    2012-01-01

    This study uses data from the CGS/GRE Survey of Graduate Enrollment and Degrees and a methodology that supports causal inference to examine the effects of affirmative action bans in Texas, California, Washington, and Florida on graduate student of color enrollment. The findings show that the bans have reduced by 12.2% the average proportion of…

  20. Exclusive Universities: Use and Misuse of Affirmative Action in Sudanese Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tenret, Elise

    2016-01-01

    Although characterized by repeated ethnic conflicts, Sudan has implemented affirmative action at universities since the 1970s for students coming from war zones and remote areas. The implementation of compensatory measures has been promoted--somehow imposed--by the several peace treaties and by the massive expansion of higher education during the…

  1. Affirmative Action, Minority Student Access to College, and College Retention: What Does the Future Hold?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Redd, Kenneth E.

    2002-01-01

    Discusses the recent challenges to affirmative action and the alternative policies states have used to diversify their college campuses, and describes the role minority-serving institutions and financial aid administrators may play in providing access to higher education for underrepresented groups. (EV)

  2. Common Ground. Perspectives on Affirmative Action...and Its Impact on Asian Pacific Americans.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lew, Gena A., Ed.

    This collection of policy papers is intended to educate and inform business and community leaders, policymakers, the Asian Pacific community, and the general public about the complex issues and far-reaching implications of the affirmative action debate on Asian Pacific Americans as well as all Americans. Essays are grouped into sections on…

  3. 18 CFR 1309.18 - Under what circumstances must recipients take remedial or affirmative action?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Under what circumstances must recipients take remedial or affirmative action? 1309.18 Section 1309.18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources TENNESSEE VALLEY AUTHORITY NONDISCRIMINATION WITH RESPECT TO AGE § 1309.18...

  4. 18 CFR 1309.18 - Under what circumstances must recipients take remedial or affirmative action?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Under what circumstances must recipients take remedial or affirmative action? 1309.18 Section 1309.18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources TENNESSEE VALLEY AUTHORITY NONDISCRIMINATION WITH RESPECT TO AGE § 1309.18...

  5. 18 CFR 1309.18 - Under what circumstances must recipients take remedial or affirmative action?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2013-04-01 2012-04-01 true Under what circumstances must recipients take remedial or affirmative action? 1309.18 Section 1309.18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources TENNESSEE VALLEY AUTHORITY NONDISCRIMINATION WITH RESPECT TO AGE § 1309.18 Under...

  6. 18 CFR 1309.18 - Under what circumstances must recipients take remedial or affirmative action?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Under what circumstances must recipients take remedial or affirmative action? 1309.18 Section 1309.18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources TENNESSEE VALLEY AUTHORITY NONDISCRIMINATION WITH RESPECT TO AGE § 1309.18...

  7. 18 CFR 1309.18 - Under what circumstances must recipients take remedial or affirmative action?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Under what circumstances must recipients take remedial or affirmative action? 1309.18 Section 1309.18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources TENNESSEE VALLEY AUTHORITY NONDISCRIMINATION WITH RESPECT TO AGE § 1309.18...

  8. Attitudes of Faculty and Administrators Toward Affirmative Action in Higher Education; A Second Look.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maca, Suanne D.

    This dissertation investigated six indications of change regarding affirmative action efforts on the University of Texas at Austin campus since December, 1973. These indications of change were recorded in university personnel documents, EEO/AA Office records, and the results of a questionnaire submitted to the faculty and administrators of the…

  9. Affirmative Action and Democratic Vistas: After the Supreme Court Michigan Cases

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pelton, M. Lee

    2003-01-01

    In this article, the author comments on the issue of race and education in America. The author predicts that although the Supreme Court's recent ruling sheds some welcome light on affirmative action for higher education, the debate over the merit and methods of diversifying the student body will continue. By proactively addressing diversity,…

  10. 41 CFR 60-3.17 - Policy statement on affirmative action (see section 13B).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Policy statement on affirmative action (see section 13B). 60-3.17 Section 60-3.17 Public Contracts and Property Management Other... management objectives, a systematic plan based on sound organizational analysis and problem identification...

  11. Divergent Perspectives and Differing Logics: The Case for Affirmative Action in India

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rout, Bharat Chandra

    2012-01-01

    Affirmative action (AA) is one of the most suitable mechanisms to promote equity and social justice in education in India. This essay deals with the impact of the different conceptualizations of AA in terms of its vision and the historic approaches to social inequalities in India. Primarily focusing on the various perspectives of affirmative…

  12. Seeing No Evil in Their Anti-Affirmative Action Campaign but Plenty of It in Multiculturalism.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roach, Ronald

    1998-01-01

    The December 1997 conference of the National Association of Scholars reflected the association's opposition to both affirmative action policy in higher education and multiculturalism. Much of the discussion on racial preference focused on the academic performance of African Americans in relation to other racial and ethnic groups. Multiculturalism…

  13. The Development of Black and Female Managers in South Africa: Why Many Affirmative Action Programmes Fail.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Human, Linda

    1993-01-01

    Analysis of affirmative action in South Africa suggests it fails because (1) it is based on developing blacks and women to function in a fundamentally unchanged work environment; (2) it is often seen as quota filling and not development; and (3) many expect it to fail and commitment is lacking. (SK)

  14. Were Minority Students Discouraged from Applying to University of California Campuses after the Affirmative Action Ban?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Antonovics, Kate; Backes, Ben

    2013-01-01

    This paper uses student-level data to investigate how the college application behavior of underrepresented minorities (URMs) changed in response to the 1998 end of affirmative action in admissions at the University of California (UC). We show that all URMs experienced a drop in their probability of admission to at least one UC campus. However, the…

  15. Indigenous Schooling Grants in Chile: The Impacts of an Integrationist Affirmative Action Policy among Mapuche Pupils

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Webb, Andrew

    2015-01-01

    This article assesses the extent to which indigenous grants administered to school pupils and university students in Chile can be considered affirmative action towards social justice. Drawing on Fraser's framework for parity of participation, I question whether the grants are able to provide both redistribution and recognition for indigenous…

  16. Affirmative Action in Employment: Recent Court Approaches to a Difficult Concept.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hodges-Aeberhard, Jane

    1999-01-01

    Examines major decisions in the United States, South Africa, and the European Court of Justice related to affirmative action in the workplace. Suggests explanations for differences among the conclusions reached and argues that more rigorous reasoning might enable courts to reach just and realistic decisions. (JOW)

  17. 78 FR 58613 - Affirmative Action and Nondiscrimination Obligations of Contractors and Subcontractors Regarding...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-24

    ... effective March 24, 2014. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Debra A. Carr, Director, Division of Policy... enforcement of personnel policies that support the contractor's affirmative action obligations, maintenance of...\\ Broad public policy considerations also exist related to the decreased demand for and cost of...

  18. Gender, Discrimination Beliefs, Group-Based Guilt, and Responses to Affirmative Action for Australian Women

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boeckmann, Robert J.; Feather, N. T.

    2007-01-01

    Views of a selection committee's decision to promote a woman over a man on the basis of affirmative action were studied in a random sample of Australians (118 men and 111 women). The relations between perceptions of workplace gender discrimination, feelings of collective responsibility and guilt for discrimination, and judgments of entitlement to…

  19. California: A Case Study in the Loss of Affirmative Action. A Policy Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gandara, Patricia

    2012-01-01

    This paper briefly reviews the various efforts undertaken by the University of California to maintain diversity in the institution, and especially at its highly competitive flagship campuses, UCLA and Berkeley, in the face of the loss of affirmative action during the mid-1990s. It demonstrates the continuing decline in representation of…

  20. Affirmative Action in China and the U.S.: A Dialogue on Inequality and Minority Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zhou, Minglang, Ed.; Hill, Ann Maxwell, Ed.

    2010-01-01

    This volume is the first to comprehensively examine Chinese's affirmative action policies in the critical area of minority education, the most important conduit to employment and economic success in the People's Republic of China after the economic reforms begun in the late 1970s. This book contains four parts. Part I, "Debating China's…

  1. 48 CFR 52.222-27 - Affirmative Action Compliance Requirements for Construction.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ..., or a designee. Employer identification number, as used in this clause, means the Federal Social... equal employment policy and affirmative action obligations with all employees having responsibility for... minority and female students, and to minority and female recruitment and training organizations serving...

  2. Not Just Racial Quotas: Affirmative Action in Brazilian Higher Education 10 Years Later

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schwartzman, Luisa Farah; Paiva, Angela Randolpho

    2016-01-01

    This paper examines how affirmative action in Brazilian public universities has evolved from the start of the new millennium up to recent years. After an overview of the existing policies in public universities, we explain these patterns based on an analysis of the processes internal and external to the universities. Although these policies were…

  3. Affirmative Action in Higher Education in India: Targeting, Catch Up, and Mismatch

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Frisancho, Veronica; Krishna, Kala

    2016-01-01

    Using detailed data on the 2008 graduating class from an elite engineering institution in India, we evaluate the impact of affirmative action policies in higher education focusing on three issues: targeting, catch up, and mismatch. We find that admission preferences effectively target minority students who are poorer than average displaced…

  4. Causation Fallacy 2.0: Revisiting the Myth and Math of Affirmative Action

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hughes, Sherick; Thompson Dorsey, Dana N.; Carrillo, Juan F.

    2016-01-01

    Justice Goodwin Liu reexamined seminal affirmative action in higher education legal cases beginning with the landmark 1978 case, "Regents of the University of California v. Bakke" and leading up to the U.S. Supreme Court's 2003 decision in "Gratz v. Bollinger." Liu argued that the "Bakke and Gratz" lawsuits were…

  5. 14 CFR 152.409 - Affirmative action plan standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... of minority and female employees in Career Days, Youth Motivation Programs, and counseling and... applicants. (viii) Motivation, training, and employment programs for minority and female hard-core unemployed....

  6. Strategies Against Oppression: A Case Study of the Background, Upbringing, and Education of Black Managers in Affirmative Action Programmes in South Africa.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Castle, Jane

    1996-01-01

    Profiles a series of black managers who have risen to successful positions through utilizing affirmative action programs in post-apartheid South Africa. The men credit the influence of their family, upbringing, and religion for their ability to persevere. Questions the social pathology theory assumption that a culture of poverty survives…

  7. 43 CFR 34.8 - Affirmative action plans.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... could be deficient in offering services, opportunities, or benefits to minority groups and women, all areas of employment in which it could be deficient in the utilization of minority groups and women, and... of specific actions that will be taken to assure that no discrimination occurs in providing...

  8. 43 CFR 34.8 - Affirmative action plans.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... bid specifications in accordance with paragraph (b)(1) of this section. (2) Each contractor and... specifications for all bids for contracts in the amount of $50,000 or more, that all bidders which have, or would... action plan consistent with paragraphs (c) (1) and (2) of this section prior to bidding, unless...

  9. 29 CFR 30.4 - Affirmative action plans.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... necessary to implement the requirements of this paragraph. (1) Dissemination of information concerning the... sponsor. For programs accepting applications only at specified intervals, such information shall be... customarily receiving applications throughout the year, such information shall be regularly disseminated...

  10. 29 CFR 30.4 - Affirmative action plans.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... in apprenticeship so as to allow full utilization of the work potential of minorities and women. The... opportunity of minorities and women to become eligible for apprenticeship selection. In order to achieve these..., employment service offices, women's centers, outreach programs and community organizations which...

  11. Is There a “Workable” Race-Neutral Alternative to Affirmative Action in College Admissions?

    PubMed Central

    Long, Mark C.

    2014-01-01

    The 2013 decision by the U.S. Supreme Court in the Fisher v. University of Texas at Austin case clarified when and how it is legally permissible for universities to use an applicant’s race or ethnicity in its admissions decisions. The court concluded that such use is permissible when “no workable race-neutral alternatives would produce the educational benefits of diversity.” This paper shows that replacing traditional affirmative action with a system that uses an applicant’s predicted likelihood of being an underrepresented racial minority as a proxy for the applicant’s actual minority status can yield an admitted class that has a lower predicted grade point average and likelihood of graduating than the class that would have been admitted using traditional affirmative action. This result suggests that race-neutral alternatives may not be “workable” from the university’s perspective. PMID:25750473

  12. When a Model Needs a Model: Convincing Skeptics of Counterintuitive Results--An Example from Affirmative Action Modeling.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Feinberg, William E.

    1988-01-01

    This article describes a monte carlo computer simulation of affirmative action employment policies. The counterintuitive results of the model are explained through a thought device involving urns and marbles. States that such model simulations have implications for social policy. (BSR)

  13. 48 CFR 2823.404-70 - Affirmative procurement program for recycled materials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... program for recycled materials. 2823.404-70 Section 2823.404-70 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE SOCIOECONOMIC PROGRAMS ENVIRONMENT, CONSERVATION, OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY, AND DRUG-FREE WORKPLACE Use of the Recovered Materials 2823.404-70 Affirmative procurement program for recycled...

  14. 48 CFR 2823.404-70 - Affirmative procurement program for recycled materials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... program for recycled materials. 2823.404-70 Section 2823.404-70 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE SOCIOECONOMIC PROGRAMS ENVIRONMENT, CONSERVATION, OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY, AND DRUG-FREE WORKPLACE Use of the Recovered Materials 2823.404-70 Affirmative procurement program for recycled...

  15. 48 CFR 2823.404-70 - Affirmative procurement program for recycled materials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... program for recycled materials. 2823.404-70 Section 2823.404-70 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE SOCIOECONOMIC PROGRAMS ENVIRONMENT, CONSERVATION, OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY, AND DRUG-FREE WORKPLACE Use of the Recovered Materials 2823.404-70 Affirmative procurement program for recycled...

  16. Expert Teacher Action Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Washington, Eva

    The expert teacher action program is to improve classroom teaching performance. The program has been tested in workshop sessions involving more than 1,200 educators representing 50 school districts. A set of standards, consisting of 25 variables, lead to the definition of expert teaching. Each variable deals with a major aspect of the duties of…

  17. Helping the Marginalised or Supporting the Elite? Affirmative Action as a Tool for Increasing Access to Higher Education for Ethnic Roma

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Garaz, Stella

    2014-01-01

    Among the many arguments against affirmative action discussed in the academic literature, there is one stating that affirmative action fails to target the most marginalised members of a disadvantaged group, and instead it supports the group's most affluent members whose socio-economic position may be comparable to that of the mainstream…

  18. Racial Diversity in the Medical Profession: The Impact of Affirmative Action Bans on Underrepresented Student of Color Matriculation in Medical Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Garces, Liliana M.; Mickey-Pabello, David

    2015-01-01

    This study examines the impact of affirmative action bans in six states (California, Washington, Florida, Texas, Michigan, and Nebraska) on the matriculation rates of historically underrepresented students of color in public medical schools in these states. Findings show that affirmative action bans have led to about a 17% decline (from 18.5% to…

  19. Changes in Levels of Affirmative Action in College Admissions in Response to Statewide Bans and Judicial Rulings

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blume, Grant H.; Long, Mark C.

    2014-01-01

    Affirmative action in college admissions was effectively banned in Texas by the Hopwood ruling in 1997, by voter referenda in California and Washington in 1996 and 1998, and by administrative decisions in Florida in 1999. The "Hopwood" and "Johnson" rulings also had possible applicability to public colleges throughout Alabama,…

  20. Beyond the University of Racial Diversity: Some Remarks on Race, Diversity, (Dis)Advantage and Affirmative Action

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Waghid, Y.

    2010-01-01

    The compelling essays in this issue of the journal take on the often contentious and complex issue of racial affirmative action. I do not wish to repeat the arguments authors offer either in defence or against student admissions to a university on the grounds of race, (dis)advantage, class, gender, and so on. Rather, I wish to respond to a…

  1. Notes of a Racial Caste Baby. Color Blindness and the End of Affirmative Action. Critical America Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fair, Bryan K.

    This book is a defense of remedial affirmative action and an assertion that it is a policy that is a fair and workable solution to the chronic problem of racial caste in the United States. The personal narrative of the author, eighth of 10 children born to a single mother on public assistance, is combined with the discussion of American history…

  2. The Origins of Race-Conscious Affirmative Action in Undergraduate Admissions: A Comparative Analysis of Institutional Change in Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stulberg, Lisa M.; Chen, Anthony S.

    2014-01-01

    What explains the rise of race-conscious affirmative action policies in undergraduate admissions? The dominant theory posits that adoption of such policies was precipitated by urban and campus unrest in the North during the late 1960s. Based on primary research in a sample of 17 selective schools, we find limited support for the dominant theory.…

  3. Formulating Recruitment and Retention Policies at the University of Delaware: From Affirmative Action to Diversity in Financial Aid and Admissions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burton, Johnie A., Jr.

    2010-01-01

    In 2003, the United States Supreme Court decided on two cases that involved affirmative action policies for admission to the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor Law School and the College of Literature, Science and the Arts. Those cases, "Gratz v. Bollinger" (2003) and "Grutter v. Bollinger" (2003) had implications for the…

  4. Sacrificing a Latina/o Presence in the Professoriate: An Analysis of Affirmative Action as Racial Remedy and Silent Covenant

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Espino, Michelle M.

    2015-01-01

    This article focuses on the extent to which affirmative action policies and practices as remedies for racial injustice in higher education reflect a silent covenant that sacrifices the cultivation and presence of Latina/o faculty. Drawing upon the lived experiences of 22 Mexican American faculty and post-doctoral fellows, the author argues that,…

  5. "Facing the Battle": A Study of Michigan's and Maryland's Institutional Responses to Affirmative Action Litigation. ASHE Annual Meeting Paper.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Green, Denise O'Neil

    This study sought to understand the institutional behavior processes that occur when institutions are faced with anti-affirmative action litigation. A dual case study, conducted at the University of Maryland and at the University of Michigan, was designed to develop concepts linking litigation and institutional response. Using a grounded theory…

  6. The role of persuasive arguments in changing affirmative action attitudes and expressed behavior in higher education.

    PubMed

    White, Fiona A; Charles, Margaret A; Nelson, Jacqueline K

    2008-11-01

    The research reported in this article examined the conditions under which persuasive arguments are most effective in changing university students' attitudes and expressed behavior with respect to affirmative action (AA). The conceptual framework was a model that integrated the theory of reasoned action and the elaboration likelihood model of persuasion. Studies 1 and 2 established effective manipulations of positive?negative AA information, and peripheral?central routes of processing. Study 3 implemented these techniques, and a path analysis was carried out testing the differential effects of valence of information processed via different routes on AA evaluative beliefs, attitudes, intention, and expressed behavior. Results indicated that positive AA messages processed centrally (i.e., for meaning) resulted in significantly more positive evaluative beliefs. Modifications to the original model resulted in a final model with excellent fit to the data that supported the mediating role of intention in the AA attitude?behavior relationship, as predicted by the theory of reasoned action. The findings highlight potential benefits of interventions for improving support for AA policies, provided that positive information is processed at a central, evaluative level.

  7. 48 CFR 23.404 - Agency affirmative procurement programs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... products preference program; (ii) An agency promotion program; (iii) For EPA-designated items only, a... time frame; (ii) Meeting reasonable performance standards; or (iii) At a reasonable price. (2) EPA...

  8. 38 CFR 23.110 - Remedial and affirmative action and self-evaluation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... action and self-evaluation. 23.110 Section 23.110 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS (CONTINUED) NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF SEX IN EDUCATION PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES...-evaluation. (a) Remedial action. If the designated agency official finds that a recipient has...

  9. 32 CFR 196.110 - Remedial and affirmative action and self-evaluation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...-evaluation. 196.110 Section 196.110 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE (CONTINUED) MISCELLANEOUS NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF SEX IN EDUCATION PROGRAMS... action and self-evaluation. (a) Remedial action. If the designated agency official finds that a...

  10. 48 CFR 23.404 - Agency affirmative procurement programs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... REGULATION SOCIOECONOMIC PROGRAMS ENVIRONMENT, ENERGY AND WATER EFFICIENCY, RENEWABLE ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES... meet the requirement that renewable agricultural materials or forestry materials in such product...

  11. 48 CFR 23.404 - Agency affirmative procurement programs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... REGULATION SOCIOECONOMIC PROGRAMS ENVIRONMENT, ENERGY AND WATER EFFICIENCY, RENEWABLE ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES, OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY, AND DRUG-FREE WORKPLACE Use of Recovered Materials and Biobased Products 23.404...

  12. 48 CFR 23.404 - Agency affirmative procurement programs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... REGULATION SOCIOECONOMIC PROGRAMS ENVIRONMENT, ENERGY AND WATER EFFICIENCY, RENEWABLE ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES, OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY, AND DRUG-FREE WORKPLACE Use of Recovered Materials and Biobased Products 23.404...

  13. 48 CFR 423.404 - Agency affirmative procurement programs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... SOCIOECONOMIC PROGRAMS ENVIRONMENT, ENERGY AND WATER EFFICIENCY, RENEWABLE ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES, OCCUPATIONAL... specifications and replace them with a statement of preference for recycled materials. (b) Promotion...

  14. 48 CFR 423.404 - Agency affirmative procurement programs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... specifications and replace them with a statement of preference for recycled materials. (b) Promotion program... reasonable time frame; (2) Meeting appropriate performance standards; or (3) At a reasonable price. (f)...

  15. Applying Organization Development to Coast Guard Affirmative Action for Black Officers.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1979-12-01

    improve the academic quality of entering classes. As has been pointed out, there is no question that the average black precollege education is rela...injuries and death. j. Development of a Human Goals Action Plan by all commands. k. Improved retention of quality personnel. 3. This type of program is...1) The lack of appropriate priority or emphasis on the management of human resources. 2) The lack of high quality programs covering selection

  16. Affirmative Action in Brazil and Building an Anti-Racist University

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bernardino-Costa, Joaze; De Carli Blackman, Ana Elisa

    2017-01-01

    This article highlights the black movement's centrality to building anti-racist universities in Brazil. It examines the questioning of the racial democracy myth within Brazilian universities as well as in the Brazilian mainstream media since the beginning of the new millennium. This debate was referred to the Supreme Court, which affirmed the…

  17. Affirmative Rhetoric, Negative Action. African-American and Hispanic Faculty at Predominantly White Institutions. ERIC Digest.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Washington, Valora; Harvey, William

    The digest is based on a full length report (with the same title) on African-American and Hispanic faculty at predominantly white, four-year institutions of higher education. The full report provides a definitive review of the literature and institutional practice on the topic. Three topics are discussed: (1) how necessary affirmative action…

  18. 45 CFR 90.49 - Remedial and affirmative action by recipients.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... exercises control over the recipient that has discriminated, both recipients may be required to take... the elderly or children in addition to persons of other ages, provides special benefits to the elderly or to children the provision of those benefits shall be presumed to be voluntary affirmative...

  19. Metropolitan Housing Desegregation: The Case for an Affirmative Program under Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Levin, Arthur, J.; Silard, John

    A 1966 document reviews a number of issues about housing segregation, which are related to Title IV of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Discussed in five sections are the displacement impact of major Federal construction programs, Federal assistance to private housing, metropolitan housing desegregation, affirmative programs for desegregation, and…

  20. Racial Diversity in the Medical Profession: The Impact of Affirmative Action Bans on Underrepresented Student of Color Matriculation in Medical Schools

    PubMed Central

    Mickey-Pabello, David

    2014-01-01

    This study examines the impact of affirmative action bans in six states (California, Washington, Florida, Texas, Michigan, and Nebraska) on the matriculation rates of historically underrepresented students of color in public medical schools in these states. Findings show that affirmative action bans have led to about a 17% decline (from 18.5% to 15.3%) in the first-time matriculation of medical school students who are underrepresented students of color. This decline is similar to drops in the enrollment of students of color that have taken place across other educational sectors, including the nation’s most selective public undergraduate institutions, law schools, and various graduate fields of study, after bans on affirmative action were enacted in some of these states. The findings suggest that statewide laws banning the consideration of race in postsecondary admissions pose serious obstacles for the medical profession to address the health-care crisis facing the nation. PMID:26052161

  1. Impact of Affirmative Action on Quality of Service Delivery in the Public Service Sector of Kenya: A Comparative Case Study of the Ministry of State in the Office of the President and Ministry of Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kilonzo, Evans Mbuthi; Ikamari, Lawrence

    2015-01-01

    This study was carried out to determine the impact of affirmative action policy on the quality service delivery in the public service sector of Kenya. The study was carried out on the premise that there is a relationship between affirmative Action implementation and the quality of service delivery in the public service sector of Kenya. A lot of…

  2. Affirmative Action in American Law Schools: A Briefing before the United States Commission on Civil Rights Held in Washington, D.C., June 16, 2006. Briefing Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    US Commission on Civil Rights, 2007

    2007-01-01

    On June 16, 2006, a panel of experts briefed members of the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights on affirmative action in American law schools. The panel convened to debate the empirical strength of the research on the effects of racial preferences in law school admissions and the legal and policy implications of the American Bar Association's…

  3. The Politics of Identity: Re-Examining the Appetite for Affirmative Action Policies in Higher Education among African-Americans in a Post-Racial Society

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    White, Tarsha D.

    2014-01-01

    Broad inferences have been made that the election of a Black American President indicates that America now functions in a post-racist society. This optimism has fueled a major discussion for changes in American policies which directly affect minorities; in particular, those related to affirmative action in higher education are under attack. Due to…

  4. The Quest for Equity in Higher Education: Toward New Paradigms in an Evolving Affirmative Action Era. SUNY Series, Frontiers in Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lindsay, Beverly, Ed.; Justiz, Manuel J., Ed.

    This book examines issues of the role of equity, diversity, and affirmative action in colleges and universities in the United States in light of public debates and policy changes. Part 1, entitled Setting the Stage, contains "The Landscape for Conceptual and Policy Issues" (Beverly Lindsay and Manuel J. Justiz). Part 2, Legal and…

  5. Affirmative Action in Higher Education in India: Targeting, Catch Up, and Mismatch at IIT-Delhi. NBER Working Paper No. 17727

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Frisancho Robles, Veronica C.; Krishna, Kala

    2012-01-01

    Affirmative action policies in higher education are used in many countries to try to socially advance historically disadvantaged minorities. Although the underlying social objectives of these policies are rarely criticized, there is intense debate over the actual impact of such preferences in higher education on educational performance and labor…

  6. 29 CFR 1607.17 - Policy statement on affirmative action (see section 13B).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... voluntary action to achieve equal employment opportunity. As with most management objectives, a systematic... be an analysis of the employer's work force to determine whether precentages of sex, race, or ethnic... group in question; (c) A systematic effort to organize work and redesign jobs in ways that...

  7. 13 CFR 113.110 - Remedial and affirmative action and self-evaluation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... and self-evaluation. 113.110 Section 113.110 Business Credit and Assistance SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION NONDISCRIMINATION IN FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS OF SBA-EFFECTUATION OF POLICIES OF FEDERAL GOVERNMENT AND SBA ADMINISTRATOR Nondiscrimination on the Basis of Sex in Education Programs or...

  8. The Catch-22 Case: Is Kaiser vs Weber Rigged against Affirmative Action?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harris, Rick; Hartog, Jack

    1979-01-01

    Presents evidence which was not part of the original evidence in the court case in which a White steelworker challenged Kaiser Aluminum's selection of two Black workers for a special job training program. Kaiser's long history of racially discriminatory hiring practices is documented. (GC)

  9. 48 CFR 52.222-27 - Affirmative Action Compliance Requirements for Construction.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... Security number used on the employer's quarterly Federaltax return, U.S. Treasury Department Form 941... to unions and to training, recruitment, and outreach programs, and requesting their cooperation in... identification number, social security number, race, sex, status (e.g., mechanic, apprentice, trainee, helper,...

  10. Isn't a Millennium of Affirmative Action for White Men Sufficient??

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rolison, D.

    2001-05-01

    Science and engineering departments need more women as faculty-and not only to show their undergraduate students (the majority of whom are now women in many disciplines) that a career in academia is a viable path. In my field, statistics show that one-third of U.S. Ph.D.s in chemistry are awarded to women, yet according to cocktail folklore, applications from women for advertised positions are only 10% (or less!) of the total. Why aren't women applying to academia in proportion to their numbers? Why are they voting with their feet against a career in an institution they know all too well? The disproportionate absence of women from the applicant pool warns that an unhealthy environment exists in U.S. academic departments: unhealthy to those professors who want to play a continuing, rather than merely genetic role in the lives of their children and unhealthy to those women, who once they demonstrate productivity, scholarship, and mentorship, still reap less respect (and the ancillary rewards of space, salary, funding, and awards) than their male colleagues. Should Federal funds be withheld from those universities that do not increase their departmental faculty hires to reflect the pool of U.S.-granted Ph.D.s? Can the threat of the loss of Federal dollars be the impetus for the changes necessary in American universities in order to create a departmental environment that women are willing to call home? Many posit that such changes will concomitantly improve the academic experience for women *and* men, faculty *and* students. If the ``system" is broken, and many of its citizens think it is, can it be fixed? Plausible action items up for discussion include such practical, achievable alternatives as aggressively recruiting good women candidates for faculty openings, fairer evaluation of the contributions and productivity of candidates and faculty who are women, ensuring on-campus day care, mentoring the junior faculty through the minefields, and really rewarding the good

  11. Rethinking Affirmative Action.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Katz, Irwin; Proshansky, Harold M.

    1987-01-01

    Questions whether racism by individuals plays as large a part in job discrimination as Pettigrew and Martin suggest. Disagrees with Braddock and McPartland's recommendation that new federal regulations are needed to force employers to improve their employment practices. (PS)

  12. An Affirmative Action Prophecy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Prindle, David F.

    2004-01-01

    The present-day Supreme Court ruling that skin color is a valid basis upon which to rest academic decision-making sets us on a course toward a world minutely regulated by identity-group politics. David F. Prindle's reverie of a subsequent majority opinion by Sandra Day O'Connor, ten years hence, mandating correct racial proportionality in GPAs and…

  13. Programming Tool-Use Actions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Massen, Cristina; Prinz, Wolfgang

    2007-01-01

    When humans plan to execute a tool-use action, they can only specify the bodily movement parameters by taking into account the external target or goal of the tool-use action and the target-movement mapping implemented by the tool. In this study, the authors used the movement precuing method to investigate how people prepare for actions made with…

  14. [Civic Achievement Award Program (CAAP) in Action.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Close Up Foundation, Arlington, VA.

    This document consists of a student resource book entitled "CAAP in Action: The Environment" and an instructor guide entitled "CAAP in Action". CAAP is a program developed by the Close Up Foundation, a nonprofit, nonpartisan civic education organizations, in cooperation with the National Association of Elementary School…

  15. Library Programs. LSCA Programs: An Action Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.

    The seven narrative reports featured in this publication detail the accomplishments, in seven key areas, of State Grant Programs (Titles I, II, and III) funded by the Library Services and Construction Act (LSCA). These descriptions of state and local library activities, demonstrating how libraries are meeting a variety of users' needs, are: (1)…

  16. MIGRANT ACTION PROGRAM. ANNUAL REPORT 1966.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    SANDAGE, MRS. RICHARD

    THIS REPORT REVIEWS IN DETAIL THE MIGRANT ACTION PROGRAM AS FUNDED BY THE OFFICE OF ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITY IN IOWA. DAY CARE SERVICES, SUMMER SCHOOLS, AND ADULT EDUCATION PROGRAMS WERE OFFERED IN FOUR CENTERS WITHIN A SEVEN COUNTY AREA. A STAFF OF SIX PROVIDED MEDICAL SERVICES IN 29 MIGRANT LABOR CAMPS. A DETAILED ANALYSIS OF THE COMPONENTS IN EACH…

  17. Teen Drinking Prevention Program. Community Action Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (DHHS/PHS), Rockville, MD. Center for Substance Abuse Prevention.

    Preventing the use of alcohol and other drugs by young people is a critical issue for all Americans. This action guide is designed to help communities create programs that prevent the tragedies caused by underage drinking. It is intended as a tool that communities can use to create a broad-based public education program in which they can…

  18. Teen Drinking Prevention Program. Event Action Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (DHHS/PHS), Rockville, MD. Center for Substance Abuse Prevention.

    Underage drinking presents a serious health risk not only to young people themselves but to entire communities. This program guide is designed to help communities establish their own underage drinking prevention programs. Community norms, actions, and attitudes toward alcohol affect young people, as do the ways in which alcohol is promoted.…

  19. Total quality management -- Remedial actions planning program

    SciTech Connect

    Petty, J.L.; Horne, T.E.

    1989-01-01

    This paper describes the management approach being taken within the Hazardous Waste Remedial Actions Program (HAZWRAP) Support Contractor Office (SCO) to ensure quality of services in a highly competitive waste management environment. An overview is presented of the contractor support role assigned to Martin Marietta Energy Systems, Inc., by the Department of Energy (DOE) national program for managing hazardous waste. The HAZWRAP SCO mission, organizational structure, and major programs are outlined, with emphasis on waste management planning for the DOE Work for Others (WFO) Program. The HAZWRAP SCO provides waste management technical support, via interagency agreements between DOE and various Department of Defense (DOD) agencies for DOD sponsors planning remedial response actions. The remainder of the paper focuses on how the concept of Total Quality Management is applied to the HAZWRAP Remedial Actions Planning (RAP) Program. The management challenge is to achieve quality on a ''system'' basis where all functional elements of program management synergistically contribute to the total quality of the effort. The quality assurance (QA) program requirements applied to the RAP Program and its subcontractors are discussed. The application of management principles in the areas of program management, procurement, and QA to achieve total quality is presented. 3 refs.

  20. RCRA corrective action program guide (Interim)

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1993-05-01

    The US Department of Energy (DOE) is responsible for compliance with an increasingly complex spectrum of environmental regulations. One of the most complex programs is the corrective action program proposed by the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) under the authority of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) as amended by the Hazardous and Solid Waste Amendments (HSWA). The proposed regulations were published on July 27, 1990. The proposed Subpart S rule creates a comprehensive program for investigating and remediating releases of hazardous wastes and hazardous waste constituents from solid waste management units (SWMUs) at facilities permitted to treat, store, or dispose of hazardous wastes. This proposed rule directly impacts many DOE facilities which conduct such activities. This guidance document explains the entire RCRA Corrective Action process as outlined by the proposed Subpart S rule, and provides guidance intended to assist those persons responsible for implementing RCRA Corrective Action at DOE facilities.

  1. Matching boxes: familiar size influences action programming.

    PubMed

    McIntosh, Robert D; Lashley, Gavin

    2008-01-01

    The perception/action model is the dominant account of the primary division of labour in the human visual pathway. Integral to this model is the idea that goal-directed actions are guided spatially by bottom-up vision, independent of perceptual recognition and top-down object knowledge. We question this idea by showing that the expected size of familiar objects (matchboxes) affects the amplitude of reaches made to grasp them, and the pre-shaping of the hand, even when binocular cues are available. This suggests that perceptual recognition routinely influences action programming.

  2. Hazardous Waste Remedial Actions Program: Remedial Actions Planning Program Quality Assurance Program Plan

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1989-04-01

    The purpose of this Plan is to describe the quality assurance (QA) requirements for the RAP Program by identifying the quality elements to be controlled and specifying how they will be controlled. The activities for which control elements will be identified include those relating to: preparation, review, and approval of plans, reports, and studies; execution of field and analytical work by subcontractors and other agents; control of subcontractors and other agents during other phases of work; and actions internal to the RAP Program to ensure proper execution of projects.

  3. Service Learning: An Action Oriented Program Evaluation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kelley, George

    2013-01-01

    Service learning is an academic discipline that provides students with "hands-on" opportunities for developing skills in real-world, community-based projects that serve and benefit community members. This dissertation reflects an action-oriented process for improving the quality of the Service Learning Program at City University of…

  4. Environmental Educational Youth Action Task Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ab Rahman, Nik Norulaini Nik; Omar, Fatehah Mohd; Kalia, Noorliza; Hasmi, Mohammad

    2008-01-01

    An educational environmental youth camp was held comprising of fifty one 16-year old secondary students and facilitated by volunteers from the university and Friends of the Earth, a non profit organization in Penang. A weekend camp on youth action task program was held at an isolated beach packed with activities that were structured towards…

  5. Affirmative Discrimination and the Bubble

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clegg, Roger

    2011-01-01

    In this essay, the author discusses how affirmative action contributed to an unnatural rise in enrollments in college. In considering the higher education bubble, he makes the case that as the opposition to preferences continues to build, the momentum of this trend will only increase as funding shrinks. He offers some tentative answers to a series…

  6. 36 CFR Exhibit B to Part 906 - Guidelines for Establishing Strategy To Implement Affirmative Action Personnel Plan

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... and on-the-job training programs to create career ladders or otherwise qualify minority, female... women applicants for job openings in professional and managerial positions, often including recruitment... recruitment advertisements. (4) Notification of job openings to minority community organizations...

  7. 36 CFR Exhibit B to Part 906 - Guidelines for Establishing Strategy To Implement Affirmative Action Personnel Plan

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... and on-the-job training programs to create career ladders or otherwise qualify minority, female... women applicants for job openings in professional and managerial positions, often including recruitment... recruitment advertisements. (4) Notification of job openings to minority community organizations...

  8. 36 CFR Exhibit B to Part 906 - Guidelines for Establishing Strategy To Implement Affirmative Action Personnel Plan

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... and on-the-job training programs to create career ladders or otherwise qualify minority, female... women applicants for job openings in professional and managerial positions, often including recruitment... recruitment advertisements. (4) Notification of job openings to minority community organizations...

  9. 36 CFR Exhibit B to Part 906 - Guidelines for Establishing Strategy To Implement Affirmative Action Personnel Plan

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... and on-the-job training programs to create career ladders or otherwise qualify minority, female... women applicants for job openings in professional and managerial positions, often including recruitment... recruitment advertisements. (4) Notification of job openings to minority community organizations...

  10. 41 CFR 60-300.44 - Required contents of affirmative action programs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... subject matter, provide for an audit and reporting system (see paragraph (h) of this section) and assign... and the Government. (Appendix C of this part is an example of an appropriate set of procedures. The procedures in Appendix C of this part are not required and contractors may develop other...

  11. 41 CFR 60-250.44 - Required contents of affirmative action programs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... subject matter, provide for an audit and reporting system (see paragraph (h) of this section) and assign... requirement by the contractor and the Government. (Appendix C of this part is an example of an appropriate set of procedures. The procedures in Appendix C of this part are not required and contractors may...

  12. 41 CFR 60-300.44 - Required contents of affirmative action programs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... CONTRACTORS AND SUBCONTRACTORS REGARDING DISABLED VETERANS, RECENTLY SEPARATED VETERANS, ACTIVE DUTY WARTIME... for an audit and reporting system (see paragraph (h) of this section) and assign overall... implementation of this requirement by the contractor and the Government (Appendix C of this part is an example...

  13. Strategies and Procedures Used in Developing Goals for an Equal Employment Opportunity Affirmative Action Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Belanger, Charles H.; Coleman, Daniel R.

    1975-01-01

    Basic issues involved in planning and implementation of a equal employment opportunity plan are outlined: leadership, constraints, data requirements, administrative responsibilities, policies and procedures (recruitment, selection, employment, promotion-termination, remuneration, assignment, grievance, subcontractor-supplier, leave, and benefits),…

  14. 41 CFR 60-2.10 - General purpose and contents of affirmative action programs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... workforce, generally, will reflect the gender, racial and ethnic profile of the labor pools from which the... number of quantitative analyses designed to evaluate the composition of the workforce of the...

  15. 41 CFR 60-741.44 - Required contents of affirmative action programs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... business. If an employee with a known disability is having significant difficulty performing his or her job... of individuals with disabilities, such as schools for the blind, deaf, or learning disabled....

  16. 41 CFR 60-741.44 - Required contents of affirmative action programs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... business. If an employee with a known disability is having significant difficulty performing his or her job... of individuals with disabilities, such as schools for the blind, deaf, or learning disabled....

  17. 41 CFR 60-300.44 - Required contents of affirmative action programs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... contractor should enlist the assistance and support of the following persons and organizations in recruiting... veterans' groups active in the area of the contractor's establishment; and (v) Local veterans' groups and... adequate internal support from supervisory and management personnel and other employees. In order to...

  18. 41 CFR 60-300.44 - Required contents of affirmative action programs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... contractor should enlist the assistance and support of the following persons and organizations in recruiting... veterans' groups active in the area of the contractor's establishment; and (v) Local veterans' groups and... adequate internal support from supervisory and management personnel and other employees. In order to...

  19. Affirmative-Action Programs for Minority Students: Right in Theory, Wrong in Practice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Charles, Camille Z.; Fischer, Mary J.; Mooney, Margarita A.; Massey, Douglas S.

    2009-01-01

    The use of race-sensitive criteria in admissions continues to be controversial, and critics have leveled three basic charges against it. For one, opponents say the practice constitutes reverse discrimination, lowering the chance of admission for better-qualified white students. They also contend that it creates a mismatch between the skills of…

  20. Challenges to Affirmative Action Race Conscious College Admissions Policies Affecting the Affordability of Higher Education for African American Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sky Lark, Taj'ullah

    2012-01-01

    The instability of the U.S. economy and its competitiveness in the global market has lead to increase request for investment in Higher Education programs. There exists a rising awareness among scholars of how inextricably education is tied to the strength of the economy, the well being of its populace, as well as the importance of a diversified…

  1. 24 CFR 200.625 - Affirmative fair housing marketing plan.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT GENERAL INTRODUCTION TO FHA PROGRAMS Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing Regulations § 200.625 Affirmative fair housing marketing plan. Each applicant for participation in FHA housing... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Affirmative fair housing...

  2. Development of a Wheelchair Skills Home Program for Older Adults Using a Participatory Action Design Approach

    PubMed Central

    Giesbrecht, Edward M.; Miller, William C.; Mitchell, Ian M.; Woodgate, Roberta L.

    2014-01-01

    Restricted mobility is the most common impairment among older adults and a manual wheelchair is often prescribed to address these limitations. However, limited access to rehabilitation services results in older adults typically receiving little or no mobility training when they receive a wheelchair. As an alternative and novel approach, we developed a therapist-monitored wheelchair skills home training program delivered via a computer tablet. To optimize efficacy and adherence, principles of self-efficacy and adult learning theory were foundational in the program design. A participatory action design approach was used to engage older adult wheelchair users, care providers, and prescribing clinicians in an iterative design and development process. A series of prototypes were fabricated and revised, based on feedback from eight stakeholder focus groups, until a final version was ready for evaluation in a clinical trial. Stakeholder contributions affirmed and enhanced the foundational theoretical principles and provided validation of the final product for the target population. PMID:25276768

  3. Development of a wheelchair skills home program for older adults using a participatory action design approach.

    PubMed

    Giesbrecht, Edward M; Miller, William C; Mitchell, Ian M; Woodgate, Roberta L

    2014-01-01

    Restricted mobility is the most common impairment among older adults and a manual wheelchair is often prescribed to address these limitations. However, limited access to rehabilitation services results in older adults typically receiving little or no mobility training when they receive a wheelchair. As an alternative and novel approach, we developed a therapist-monitored wheelchair skills home training program delivered via a computer tablet. To optimize efficacy and adherence, principles of self-efficacy and adult learning theory were foundational in the program design. A participatory action design approach was used to engage older adult wheelchair users, care providers, and prescribing clinicians in an iterative design and development process. A series of prototypes were fabricated and revised, based on feedback from eight stakeholder focus groups, until a final version was ready for evaluation in a clinical trial. Stakeholder contributions affirmed and enhanced the foundational theoretical principles and provided validation of the final product for the target population.

  4. 36 CFR 72.16 - Preliminary Action Program requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Preliminary Action Program... INTERIOR URBAN PARK AND RECREATION RECOVERY ACT OF 1978 Local Recovery Action Programs § 72.16 Preliminary.... Included should be a brief discussion of the relationship of the Preliminary Action Program to...

  5. 36 CFR 72.16 - Preliminary Action Program requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Preliminary Action Program... INTERIOR URBAN PARK AND RECREATION RECOVERY ACT OF 1978 Local Recovery Action Programs § 72.16 Preliminary.... Included should be a brief discussion of the relationship of the Preliminary Action Program to...

  6. Is Affirmative Action Still Necessary?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    LeBeauf, Ireon; Maples, Mary Finn; D'Andrea, Livia; Watson, Zarus; Packman, Jill

    2007-01-01

    The influences of socio-race, racial identity development, gender, educational level, and age on promotion and compensation decisions by midlevel supervisors in industry were examined in this analogue study of 74 midlevel business and industry supervisors. The participants varied in socio-racial classifications, gender, educational levels, and…

  7. The Politics of Affirmative Action.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walters, David

    1982-01-01

    Reviews legislation and labor policies which have discriminated historically against Blacks as a class and explains how Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 was intended to redress such generalized discrimination. Discusses political and economic factors that jeopardize already insufficient efforts to enforce equal employment opportunities…

  8. Affirmative Action: The Yugoslav Case.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Indjic, Tirvo

    After World War II, the newly federated Yugoslav government promised equality to the country's many different ethnic and religious groups. The 1974 Constitution guaranteed every citizen his or her free expression of belonging to a "nation" or "nationality," the free expression of his or her ethnic culture, and the freedom to…

  9. The Bakke Case and Special Admissions Programs: A Case for Concern.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Adamson, Bill

    The Bakke case raised profound and critical issues for America, and the results of the Supreme Court decision will extend far beyond flaws in medical admissions policies. The Bakke decision is an economic one, with which affirmative action programs are incompatible; affirmative action programs involve a degree of economic engineering that the…

  10. Indiana's Comprehensive Action Plan for Adult Education Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Indiana State Dept. of Education, Indianapolis.

    Indiana's Comprehensive Action Plan (I-CAP) provides a framework for program excellence, accountability, and continuous improvement in adult education. The action plan includes guiding principles and benchmarks for quality programs. Adult education programs are evaluated annually on these 10 established principles of program quality: educational…

  11. 36 CFR 72.52 - Recovery Action Program grant applications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Recovery Action Program grant... INTERIOR URBAN PARK AND RECREATION RECOVERY ACT OF 1978 Grant Selection, Approval and Administration § 72.52 Recovery Action Program grant applications. The application procedure for Recovery Action...

  12. Action Research in EdD Programs in Educational Leadership

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Osterman, Karen; Furman, Gail; Sernak, Kathleen

    2014-01-01

    This exploratory study gathered information about the use of action research within doctor of education programs in educational leadership and explored faculty understanding of and perspectives on action research. Survey data established that action research is used infrequently to meet dissertation requirements. Contributing factors include lack…

  13. 36 CFR 72.11 - Action program components.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Action program components. 72.11 Section 72.11 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL PARK SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR URBAN PARK AND RECREATION RECOVERY ACT OF 1978 Local Recovery Action Programs § 72.11...

  14. 36 CFR 72.11 - Action program components.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Action program components. 72.11 Section 72.11 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL PARK SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR URBAN PARK AND RECREATION RECOVERY ACT OF 1978 Local Recovery Action Programs § 72.11...

  15. 36 CFR 72.15 - Preliminary Action Program.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Preliminary Action Program. 72.15 Section 72.15 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL PARK SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR URBAN PARK AND RECREATION RECOVERY ACT OF 1978 Local Recovery Action Programs § 72.15...

  16. 36 CFR 72.15 - Preliminary Action Program.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Preliminary Action Program. 72.15 Section 72.15 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL PARK SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR URBAN PARK AND RECREATION RECOVERY ACT OF 1978 Local Recovery Action Programs § 72.15...

  17. 36 CFR 72.15 - Preliminary Action Program.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Preliminary Action Program. 72.15 Section 72.15 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL PARK SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR URBAN PARK AND RECREATION RECOVERY ACT OF 1978 Local Recovery Action Programs § 72.15...

  18. 36 CFR 72.15 - Preliminary Action Program.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Preliminary Action Program. 72.15 Section 72.15 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL PARK SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR URBAN PARK AND RECREATION RECOVERY ACT OF 1978 Local Recovery Action Programs § 72.15...

  19. 36 CFR 72.11 - Action program components.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Action program components. 72.11 Section 72.11 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL PARK SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR URBAN PARK AND RECREATION RECOVERY ACT OF 1978 Local Recovery Action Programs § 72.11...

  20. 36 CFR 72.15 - Preliminary Action Program.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Preliminary Action Program. 72.15 Section 72.15 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL PARK SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR URBAN PARK AND RECREATION RECOVERY ACT OF 1978 Local Recovery Action Programs § 72.15...

  1. 36 CFR 72.11 - Action program components.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Action program components. 72.11 Section 72.11 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL PARK SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR URBAN PARK AND RECREATION RECOVERY ACT OF 1978 Local Recovery Action Programs § 72.11...

  2. 36 CFR 72.11 - Action program components.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Action program components. 72.11 Section 72.11 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL PARK SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR URBAN PARK AND RECREATION RECOVERY ACT OF 1978 Local Recovery Action Programs § 72.11...

  3. Technology Education in Action: Outstanding Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    International Technology Education Association, Reston, VA.

    This volume contains 10 articles describing middle school and high school technology education programs conducted in schools throughout the United States. Program descriptions, which are written by the teachers involved in the programs, are from schools in the following areas: Ann Arbor, Michigan; Chicago, Illinois; Pittsburg, Kansas; Salt Lake…

  4. 24 Command Fire Improvement Action Program Plan

    SciTech Connect

    GRIFFIN, G.B.

    2000-12-01

    Fluor Hanford (FH) is responsible for providing support to the Department of Energy Richland Operations Office (RL) in the implementation of the Hanford Emergency Preparedness (EP) program. During fiscal year 2000, a number of program improvements were identified from various sources including a major range fire (24 Command Fire). Evaluations of the emergency preparedness program have confirmed that it currently meets all requirements and that performance of personnel involved is good, however the desire to effect continuous improvement resulted in the development of this improvement program plan. This program plan defines the activities that will be performed in order to achieve the desired performance improvements.

  5. Action Research: Effective Marketing Strategies for a Blended University Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cook, Ruth Gannon; Ley, Kathryn

    2008-01-01

    This action research study investigated a marketing plan based on collaboration among a program faculty team and other organizational units for a graduate professional program. From its inception through the second year of operation, program enrollment increased due to the marketing plan based on an effective approach grounded in simple marketing…

  6. Action Implications in Adult Basic Education Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ohio State Dept. of Education, Columbus.

    Eight articles on adult basic education are presented. The articles adapted from 1971 workshop presentations are: Action Implications for ABE Directors by Alan Knox; ABE Budget Development, by Donald G. Butcher; Competent ABE Instructors, by William D. Dowling; Interview Techniques and Training, by Norman Kagan; Reading: The Basic in Adult Basic…

  7. THE LAY READER PROGRAM IN ACTION.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    BURKE, VIRGINIA M.

    IN 1960, THE WISCONSIN COUNCIL OF TEACHERS OF ENGLISH CONDUCTED AN INTERVIEW AND QUESTIONNAIRE SURVEY OF PARTICIPANTS IN TWO LAY-READER PROGRAMS AT THE SECONDARY LEVEL--(1) A PROGRAM AT RACINE IN ITS FIRST FULL SEMESTER IN WHICH LAY READERS CORRECTED AND EVALUATED, BUT DID NOT GRADE, APPROXIMATELY HALF OF THE THEMES FROM SELECTED CLASSES, AND (2)…

  8. The Windana Therapeutic Community's Action Adventure Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Price, Richard; DeBever, Marijke

    The Windana Society is a drug and alcohol agency in Victoria (Australia) that operates, among other things, a residential drug rehabilitation program in a rural setting. The program utilizes a holistic approach that addresses health and physical fitness; education; vocational and re-integration support; and psychological, emotional, spiritual, and…

  9. Science in action: An interdisciplinary science education program

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Horton, Linda L.

    1992-01-01

    Science in Action is an education outreach program for pre-collegiate students. It is based on the concept that, in order to interest students in science, they must see science and scientists at work. The program encompasses the full range of scientific disciplines - the core sciences, engineering, and mathematics. A unique aspect of the program is the involvement and support of scientists and engineers representing local professional societies, industries, business, and academic institutions. An outline of the program is given.

  10. Applying Corporate Citizenship Theory to the Operation of Affirmative Businesses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Easterly, Lisa; McCallion, Philip

    2010-01-01

    To address the need for more employment opportunities for individuals with intellectual disabilities (ID), many vocational rehabilitation agencies have established social ventures called affirmative businesses. Unlike most traditional vocational rehabilitation programs, affirmative businesses compete directly with for-profit businesses producing…

  11. A Case Study of Self-Affirmations in Teacher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Robinson, Scott

    2014-01-01

    This qualitative study reports on what was learned from two former teacher candidates, who engaged in self-affirmation writing exercises in an education seminar during their final semester in a teacher education program. Self-affirmations, as presented here, are brief psychological interventions designed to enhance the self-integrity of teacher…

  12. The GLOBE Program: Partnerships in Action

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Henderson, S.; Kennedy, T.; Lemone, M.; Blurton, C.

    2004-12-01

    The GLOBE Program is a worldwide science and education partnership endeavor designed to increase scientific understanding of Earth as a system, support improved student achievement in science and math, and enhance environmental awareness through inquiry-based learning activities. GLOBE began on the premise that teachers and their students would partner with scientists to collect and analyze environmental data using specific protocols in five study areas - atmosphere, soils, hydrology, land cover, and phenology. As the GLOBE network grew, additional partnerships flourished making GLOBE an unprecedented collaboration of individuals worldwide - primary, secondary, and tertiary students, teachers and teacher educators, scientists, government officials, and others - to improve K-12 education. Since its inception in 1994, more than one million students in over 14,000 schools around the world have taken part in The GLOBE Program. The GLOBE Web site (http://www.globe.gov) is the repository for over 11 million student-collected data measurements easily accessible to students and scientists worldwide. Utilizing the advantages of the Internet for information sharing and communication, GLOBE has created an international community. GLOBE enriches students by giving them the knowledge and skills that they will need to become informed citizens and responsible decision-makers in an increasingly complex world. Understanding that all members of a community must support change if it is to be sustainable, GLOBE actively encourages the development of GLOBE Learning Communities (GLCs) which are designed to get diverse stakeholder groups involved in a local or regional environmental issue. Central to the GLC is the engagement of local schools. GLCs go beyond individual teachers implementing GLOBE in the isolation of their classrooms. Instead, the GLC brings multiple teachers and grade levels together to examine environmental issues encouraging the participation of a broad range of

  13. Long-Term Effects of the Positive Action Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Flay, Brian R.; Allred, Carol G.

    2003-01-01

    Used a matched-schools design, school-level achievement, and disciplinary data to evaluate the effectiveness of the elementary-level Positive Action program on students' performance and behavior over time. Results indicated that program participation improved student behavior, school involvement, and academic achievement into high school. The…

  14. 40 CFR 192.33 - Corrective action programs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 24 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Corrective action programs. 192.33 Section 192.33 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) RADIATION PROTECTION PROGRAMS HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION STANDARDS FOR URANIUM AND THORIUM MILL TAILINGS Standards...

  15. 13 CFR 313.4 - Affirmative determinations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... COMMUNITY TRADE ADJUSTMENT ASSISTANCE Participation in the Community Trade Adjustment Assistance Program... Community. Such notification will identify the appropriate EDA regional office that will provide technical... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Affirmative determinations....

  16. 13 CFR 313.4 - Affirmative determinations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... COMMUNITY TRADE ADJUSTMENT ASSISTANCE Participation in the Community Trade Adjustment Assistance Program... Community. Such notification will identify the appropriate EDA regional office that will provide technical... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Affirmative determinations....

  17. Library Programs. LSCA Programs: An Action Report II.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.

    The eight reports featured in this publication detail the accomplishments of the State Grant Program (Titles I through IV) funded by the Library Services and Construction Act (LSCA). Written by members of the Public Library Support Staff, these descriptions are based on state and local library reports on how they meet a variety of users' needs.…

  18. 36 CFR 72.16 - Preliminary Action Program requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... requirements. 72.16 Section 72.16 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL PARK SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR URBAN PARK AND RECREATION RECOVERY ACT OF 1978 Local Recovery Action Programs § 72.16 Preliminary... and services offered, and the providers (public agency or private sector). (d) Statement of...

  19. 36 CFR 72.16 - Preliminary Action Program requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... requirements. 72.16 Section 72.16 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL PARK SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR URBAN PARK AND RECREATION RECOVERY ACT OF 1978 Local Recovery Action Programs § 72.16 Preliminary... and services offered, and the providers (public agency or private sector). (d) Statement of...

  20. 36 CFR 72.16 - Preliminary Action Program requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... requirements. 72.16 Section 72.16 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL PARK SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR URBAN PARK AND RECREATION RECOVERY ACT OF 1978 Local Recovery Action Programs § 72.16 Preliminary... and services offered, and the providers (public agency or private sector). (d) Statement of...

  1. 40 CFR 264.100 - Corrective action program.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Section 264.100 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SOLID WASTES (CONTINUED) STANDARDS FOR OWNERS AND OPERATORS OF HAZARDOUS WASTE TREATMENT, STORAGE, AND DISPOSAL FACILITIES Releases From Solid Waste Management Units § 264.100 Corrective action program. An owner or...

  2. 40 CFR 264.100 - Corrective action program.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Section 264.100 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SOLID WASTES (CONTINUED) STANDARDS FOR OWNERS AND OPERATORS OF HAZARDOUS WASTE TREATMENT, STORAGE, AND DISPOSAL FACILITIES Releases From Solid Waste Management Units § 264.100 Corrective action program. An owner or...

  3. 40 CFR 264.100 - Corrective action program.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Section 264.100 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SOLID WASTES (CONTINUED) STANDARDS FOR OWNERS AND OPERATORS OF HAZARDOUS WASTE TREATMENT, STORAGE, AND DISPOSAL FACILITIES Releases From Solid Waste Management Units § 264.100 Corrective action program. An owner or...

  4. 40 CFR 264.100 - Corrective action program.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Section 264.100 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SOLID WASTES (CONTINUED) STANDARDS FOR OWNERS AND OPERATORS OF HAZARDOUS WASTE TREATMENT, STORAGE, AND DISPOSAL FACILITIES Releases From Solid Waste Management Units § 264.100 Corrective action program. An owner or...

  5. 40 CFR 264.100 - Corrective action program.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Section 264.100 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SOLID WASTES (CONTINUED) STANDARDS FOR OWNERS AND OPERATORS OF HAZARDOUS WASTE TREATMENT, STORAGE, AND DISPOSAL FACILITIES Releases From Solid Waste Management Units § 264.100 Corrective action program. An owner or...

  6. 36 CFR 72.52 - Recovery Action Program grant applications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Recovery Action Program grant applications. 72.52 Section 72.52 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL PARK SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR URBAN PARK AND RECREATION RECOVERY ACT OF 1978 Grant Selection, Approval and Administration §...

  7. 36 CFR 72.52 - Recovery Action Program grant applications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Recovery Action Program grant applications. 72.52 Section 72.52 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL PARK SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR URBAN PARK AND RECREATION RECOVERY ACT OF 1978 Grant Selection, Approval and Administration §...

  8. 36 CFR 72.52 - Recovery Action Program grant applications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Recovery Action Program grant applications. 72.52 Section 72.52 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL PARK SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR URBAN PARK AND RECREATION RECOVERY ACT OF 1978 Grant Selection, Approval and Administration §...

  9. 36 CFR 72.52 - Recovery Action Program grant applications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Recovery Action Program grant applications. 72.52 Section 72.52 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL PARK SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR URBAN PARK AND RECREATION RECOVERY ACT OF 1978 Grant Selection, Approval and Administration §...

  10. A Participatory Action Research Approach To Evaluating Inclusive School Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dymond, Stacy K.

    2001-01-01

    This article proposes a model for evaluating inclusive schools. Key elements of the model are inclusion of stakeholders in the evaluation process through a participatory action research approach, analysis of program processes and outcomes, use of multiple methods and measures, and obtaining perceptions from diverse stakeholder groups. (Contains…

  11. Environmental Education in Action - I: Case Studies of Selected Public School and Public Action Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schoenfeld, Clay, Ed.; Disinger, John, Ed.

    This publication presents a collection of 26 environmental education case studies recognized as being representative of curriculum materials and/or projects. Contained are action programs that can serve as models for the classroom teacher, principal, curriculum consultant, superintendent, state department official, or teacher educators in the…

  12. Hazardous Waste Remedial Actions Program annual progress report, FY 1990

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1990-12-01

    The Hazardous Waste Remedial Actions Programs (HAZWRAP), a unit of Martin Marietta Energy Systems, Inc., supports the Department of Energy (DOE) Oak Ridge Operations Office in broadly environmental areas, especially those relating to waste management and environmental restoration. HAZWRAP comprises six program areas, which are supported by central administrative and technical organizations. Existing programs deal with airborne hazardous substances, pollution prevention, remedial actions planning, environmental restoration, technology development, and information and data systems. HAZWRAP's mission to develop, promote, and apply-cost-effective hazardous waste management and environmental technologies to help solve national problems and concerns. HAZWRAP seeks to serve as integrator for hazardous waste and materials management across the federal government. It applies the unique combination of research and development (R D) capabilities, technologies, management expertise, and facilities in the Energy Systems complex to address problems of national importance. 24 figs., 10 tabs.

  13. Current activities handbook: formerly utilized sites remedial action program

    SciTech Connect

    1981-02-27

    This volume is one of a series produced under contract with the DOE, by Politech Corporation to develop a legislative and regulatory data base to assist the FUSRAP management in addressing the institutional and socioeconomic issues involved in carrying out the Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program. This Information Handbook series contains information about all relevant government agencies at the Federal and state levels, the pertinent programs they administer, each affected state legislature, and current Federal and state legislative and regulatory initiatives. This volume is a compilation of information about the activities each of the thirteen state legislatures potentially affected by the Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program. It contains a description of the state legislative procedural rules and a schedule of each legislative session; a summary of pending relevant legislation; the name and telephone number of legislative and state agency contacts; and the full text of all bills identified.

  14. Women's Action Almanac: A Complete Resource Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williamson, Jane, Ed.; And Others

    Designed to provide answers to questions on women's issues and programs, the guide is arranged into two parts. Part 1, which comprises about three-fourths of the guide, contains background information and answers to often asked questions on 84 issues, such as abortion, affirmative action, battered women, divorce, incest, and insurance. Each entry…

  15. ORNL Remedial Action Program strategy (FY 1987-FY 1992)

    SciTech Connect

    Trabalka, J.R.; Myrick, T.E.

    1987-12-01

    Over 40 years of Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) operations have produced a diverse legacy of contaminated inactive facilities, research areas, and waste disposal areas that are potential candidates for remedial action. The ORNL Remedial Action Program (RAP) represents a comprehensive effort to meet new regulatory requirements and ensure adequate protection of on-site workers, the public, and the environment by providing appropriate corrective measures at over 130 sites contaminated historically with radioactive, hazardous chemical, or mixed wastes. A structured path of program planning, site characterization, alternatives assessment, technology development, engineering design, continued site maintenance and surveillance, interim corrective action, and eventual site closure or decommissioning is required to meet these objectives. This report documents the development of the Remedial Action Program, through its preliminary characterization, regulatory interface, and strategy development activities. It provides recommendations for a comprehensive, long-term strategy consistent with existing technical, institutional, and regulatory information, along with a six-year plan for achieving its initial objectives. 53 refs., 8 figs., 12 tabs.

  16. Site action plan for maintenance management program. Revision D

    SciTech Connect

    Pearson, A.W.

    1993-11-30

    (DOE) Order 4330.4B, ``Maintenance Management Program`` requires each site to develop a Site Action Plan for implementing a Maintenance Management Program. Nonnuclear facilities are required to address the 32 elements of Chapter 1: Guidelines for the Conduct of Maintenance at DOE Nonnuclear Facilities. This document details the degree of implementation for each element, and the Martin Marietta Specialty Components, Inc., plan for implementation of the items which remain to be completed. The original Pinellas Plant Maintenance Management Program Site Action Plan (Issue A) was completed March 27, 1991. The format was modified per DOE request and it was resubmitted as Issue B and approved by AL September 16, 1991. Issue C was submitted, and approved December 20, 1992. The most significant achievement during FY-93 were the implementation of plant wide Graded Approach, and Configuration Control programs. The methodologies for performing these activities were developed, and pilot programs were implemented to verify their effectiveness. Plant wide implementation of both programs is progressing on a high priority basis. The formalized method for grading equipment and facilities provides a basis for establishing uniform, risk based priorities. The risks involved are environment, safety, health and programmatic mission. Other achievements for FY-93, include the establishment of procedures for the decommissioning, and down-grading of facilities, improved work control, improved work performance reporting, improved quality plans, and improved operating procedures.

  17. Massachusetts state information handbook: formerly utilized sites remedial action program

    SciTech Connect

    1981-02-09

    This volume is one of a series produced under contract with the DOE, by Politech Corporation to develop a legislative and regulatory data base to assist the FUSRAP management in addressing the institutional and socioeconomic issues involved in carrying out the Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program. This Information Handbook series contains information about all relevant government agencies at the Federal and state levels, the pertinent programs they administer, each affected state legislature, and current Federal and state legislative and regulatory initiatives. This volume is a compilation of information about the state of Massachusetts. It contains: a description of the state executive branch structure; a summary of relevant state statutes and regulations; a description of the structure of the state legislature, identification of the officers and committee chairmen, and a summary of recent relevant legislative action; the full text of relevant statutes and regulations.

  18. Pennsylvania state information handbook formerly utilized sites remedial action program

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1980-12-31

    This volume is one of a series produced under contract with the DOE, by Politech Corporation to develop a legislative and regulatory data base to assist the FUSRAP management in addressing the institutional and socioeconomic issues involved in carrying out the Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program. This Information Handbook series contains information about all relevant government agencies at the Federal and state levels, the pertinent programs they administer, each affected state legislature, and current Federal and state legislative and regulatory initiatives. This volume is a compilation of information about the State of Pennsylvania. It contains: a description of the state executive branch structure; a summary of relevant state statutes and regulations; a description of the structure of the state legislature, identification of the officers and committee chairmen, and a summary of recent relevant legislative action; and the full text of relevant statutes and regulations.

  19. Ohio state information handbook: formerly utilized sites remedial action program

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1981-02-09

    This volume is one of a series produced under contract with the DOE, by POLITECH CORPORATION to develop a legislative and regulatory data base to assist the FUSRAP management in addressing the institutional and socioeconomic issues involved in carrying out the Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program. This Information Handbook series contains information about all relevant government agencies at the Federal and state levels, the pertinent programs they administer, each affected state legislature, and current Federal and state legislative and regulatory initiatives. This volume is a compilation of information about the state of Ohio. It contains: a description of the state executive branch structure; a summary of relevant state statutes and regulations; a description of the structure of the state legislature, identification of the officers and committee chairmen, and a summary of recent relevant legislative action; the full test of relevant statutes and regulations.

  20. California state information handbook: formerly utilized sites remedial action program

    SciTech Connect

    1981-02-09

    This volume is one of a series produced under contract with the DOE, by Politech Corporation to develop a legislative and regulatory data base to assist the FUSRAP management in addressing the institutional and socioeconomic issues involved in carrying out the Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program. This Information Handbook series contains information about all relevant government agencies at the Federal and state levels, the pertinent programs they administer, each affected state legislature, and current Federal and state legislative and regulatory initiatives. This volume is a compilation of information about the state of California. It contains: a description of the state executive branch structure; a summary of relevant state statutes and regulations; a description of the structure of the state legislature, identification of the officers and committee chairmen, and a summary of recent relevant legislative action; the full text of relevant statutes and regulations.

  1. Maryland State information handbook: formerly utilized sites remedial action program

    SciTech Connect

    1980-12-31

    This volume is one of a series produced under contract with the DOE, by Politech Corporation to develop a legislative and regulatory data base to assist the FUSRAP management in addressing the institutional and socioeconomic issues involved in carrying out the Formerly Utilized Handbook Series Remedial Action Program. This Information Handbook series contains information about all relevant government agencies at the Federal and state levels, the pertinent programs they administer, each affected state legislature, and current Federal and state legislative and regulatory initiatives. This volume is a compilation of information about the State of Maryland. It contains: a description of the state executive branch structure; a summary of relevant state statutes and regulations; a description of the structure of the state legislature, identification of the officers and committee chairmen, and a summary of recent relevant legislative action; and the full text of relevant statutes and regulations.

  2. Oregon state information handbook: formerly utilized sites remedial action program

    SciTech Connect

    1980-12-31

    This volume is one of a series produced under contract with the DOE, by Politech Corporation to develop a legislative and regulatory data base to assist the FUSRAP management in addressing the institutional and socioeconomic issues involved in carrying out the Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program. This Information Handbook series contains information about all relevant government agencies at the Federal and state levels, the pertinent programs they administer, each affected state legislature, and current Federal and state legislative and regulatory initiatives. This volume is a compilation of information about the State of Oregon. It contains a description of the state executive branch structure; a summary of relevant state statutes and regulations; a description of the structure of the state legislature, identification of the officers and committee chairmen, and a summary of recent relevant legislative action; and the full text of relevant statutes and regulations.

  3. Iowa state information handbook: formerly utilized sites remedial action program

    SciTech Connect

    1981-02-09

    This volume is one of a series produced under contract with the DOE, By Politech Corporation to develop a legislative and regulatory data base to assist the FUSRAP management in addressing the institutional and socioeconomic issues involved in carrying out the Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program. This Information Handbook series contains information about all relevant government agencies at the Federal and state levels, the pertinent programs they administer, each affected state legislature, and current Federal and state legislative and regulatory initiatives. This volume is a compilation of information about the state of Iowa. It contains: a description of the state executive branch structure; a summary of relevant state statutes and regulations; a description of the structure of the state legislature, identification of the officers and committee chairmen, and a summary of recent relevant legislative action; the full test of relevant statutes and regulations.

  4. Oregon state information handbook formerly utilized sites remedial action program

    SciTech Connect

    1980-12-31

    This volume is one of a series produced under contract with the DOE, by Politech Corporation to develop a legislative and regulatory data base to assist the FUSRAP management in addressing the institutional and socioeconomic issues involved in carrying out the Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program. This Information Handbook series contains information about all relevant government agencies at the Federal and state levels, the pertinent programs they administater, each affected state legislature, and current Federal and state legislative and regulatory initiatives. This volume is a compilation of information about the State of Oregon. It contains: a description of the state executive branch structure; a summary of relevant state statutes and regulations; a description of the structure of the state legislature, identification of the officers and committee chairmen, and a summary of recent relevant legislative action; and the full text of relevant statutes and regulations.

  5. Florida state information handbook: formerly utilized sites remedial action program

    SciTech Connect

    1981-02-27

    This volume is one of a series produced under contract with DOE, Office of Nuclear Waste Management, by Politech Corporation to develop a legislative and regulatory data base to assist the FUSRAP management in addressing the institutional and socioeconomic issues involved in carrying out the Remedial Action Program. This Information Handbook series contains information about all relevant government agencies at the federal and state levels, the pertinent programs they administer, each affected state legislature, and current federal and state legislative and regulatory initiatives. This volume is a compilation of information about the State of Florida. It contains a description of the state executive branch structure; a summary of relevant state statutes and regulations; a description of the structure of the state legislature, identification of the officers and committee chairmen, and a summary of recent relevant legislative action; and the full text of relevant statutes and regulations.

  6. Pennsylvania state information handbook: formerly utilized sites remedial action program

    SciTech Connect

    1980-12-31

    This volume is one of a series produced under contract with the DOE, by Politech Corporation to develop a legislative and regulatory data base to assist the FUSRAP management in addressing the institutional and socioeconomic issues involved in carrying out the Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program. This Information Handbook series contains information about all relevant government agencies at the Federal and State levels, the pertinent programs they administer, each affected state legislature, and current Federal and state legislative and regulatory initiatives. This volume is a compilation of information about the State of Pennsylvania. It contains a description of the state executive branch structure; a summary of relevant state statutes and regulations; a description of the structure of the state legislature, identification of the officers and committee chairmen, and a summary of recent relevant legislative action; and the full text of relevant statutes and regulations.

  7. Description of the Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1980-09-01

    The background and the results to date of the Department of Energy program to identify and evaluate the radiological conditions at sites formerly utilized by the Corps of Engineers' Manhattan Engineer District (MED) and the US Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) are summarized. The sites of concern were federally, privately, and institutionally owned and were used primarily for research, processing, and storage of uranium and thorium ores, concentrates, or residues. Some sites were subsequently released for other purposes without radiological restriction. Surveys have been conducted since 1974 to document radiological conditions at such sites. Based on radiological surveys, sites are identified in this document that require, or are projected to require, remedial action to remove potential restrictions on the use of the property due to the presence of residual low-level radioactive contamination. Specific recommendations for each site will result from more detailed environmental and engineering surveys to be conducted at those sites and, if necessary, an environmental impact assessment or environmental impact statement will be prepared. Section 3.0 describes the current standards and guidelines now being used to conduct remedial actions. Current authority of the US Department of Energy (DOE) to proceed with remedial actions and the new authority required are summarized. A plan to implement the Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program (FUSRAP) in accordance with the new authority is presented, including the objectives, scope, general approach, and a summary schedule. Key issues affecting schedule and cost are discussed.

  8. Science in Action'': An interdisciplinary science education program

    SciTech Connect

    Horton, L.L.

    1991-01-01

    Science in Action is an education outreach program for pre-collegiate students. It is based on the concept that, in order to interest students in science, they must see science and scientists at work. The program encompasses the full range of scientific disciplines -- the core sciences, engineering and mathematics. A unique aspect of the program is the involvement and support of scientists and engineers representing local professional societies, industries, businesses, and academic institutions. The goal of the presentations is to be highly interactive. The students have some hands on'' experiences and leave with a good feeling about science and engineering. To present a broad spectrum of role models, scientists and engineers were involved as presenters, guides, and exhibitors.

  9. Missouri State information handbook: formerly utilized sites remedial action program

    SciTech Connect

    1980-12-31

    This volume is one of a series produced under contract with the DOE, by Politech Corporation to develop a legislative and regulatory data base to assist the FUSRAP management in addressing the institutional and socioeconomic issues involved in carrying out the Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program. This Information Handbook series contains information about all relevant government agencies at the Federal and state levels, the pertinent programs they administer, each affected state legislature, and current Federal and state legislative and regulatory initiatives. This volume is a compilation of information about the State of Missouri. It contains: a description of the state executive branch structure; a summary of relevant state statutes and regulations; a description of the structure of the state legislature chairmen, and a summary of recent relevant legislative action; a description of the organization and structure of local governments affected by remedial action at the St. Louis area sites; a summary of relevant local ordinances and regulations; an identification of relevant public interest groups; a list of radio stations, television stations, and newspapers that provide public information to the St. Louis area or to Jefferson City; and the full text of relevant statutes and regulations.

  10. Risk assessment in the DOE Assurance Program for Remedial Action

    SciTech Connect

    Marks, S.; Cross, F.T.; Denham, D.H.; Kennedy, W.E.; Stenner, R.D.

    1985-08-01

    This document provides information obtained during the performance of risk assessment tasks in support of the Assurance Program for Remedial Action (APRA) sponsored by the Office of Operational Safety of the Department of Energy. We have presented a method for the estimation of projected health effects at properties in the vicinity of uranium mill tailing piles due to transported tailings or emissions from the piles. Because radon and radon daughter exposure is identified as the principal factor contributing to health effects at such properties, the basis for estimating lung cancer risk as a result of such exposure is discussed in detail. Modeling of health risk due to a secondary pathway, ingestion of contaminated, home-grown food products, is also discussed since it is a potentially important additional source of exposure in certain geographic locations. Risk assessment methods used in various mill tailings reports are reviewed. The protocols for radiological surveys conducted in DOE-sponsored remedial action programs are critically reviewed with respect to their relevance to the needs of health risk estimation. The relevance of risk assessment to the APRA program is discussed briefly.

  11. Entrepreneurial Learning through Action: A Case Study of the Six-Squared Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pittaway, Luke; Missing, Caroline; Hudson, Nigel; Maragh, Dean

    2009-01-01

    This paper explores the role of "action" in entrepreneurial learning and illustrates how programs designed to support action learning can enhance management development in entrepreneurial businesses. The paper begins by exploring action learning and the way "action" is conceived in different types of program. In the second part, the paper details…

  12. [Intervention programs in hospital nutrition: actions, design, components and implementation].

    PubMed

    Santana Porben, S; Barreto Penié, J

    2005-01-01

    Metabolic, Nutrient and Feeding Intervention Programs must become the methodological tool for dealing with the health problem posed by disease-associated-malnutrition on one side, and the "Bad Practices" affecting the nutritional status of the patient, on the other one. Programs like these ones should prescribe clear policies and actions in the three domains of contemporary medical practice: assistance, research and education. The fullfillment of these Program's objectives, and the relization of the implicit benefits, will only be possible if a methodological platform that armonically integrates elements of Continuous Education, Cost Analysis, Recording and Documentation, and Quality Control and Assurance, is created. The experience acumulated after the inception and conduction of the Intervention Program at the Clinical-Surgical "Hermanos Ameijeiras" Hospital (Havana City, Cuba) has served to demostrate that it is feasible not only to create a theoretical and practical body to satisfy the aforementioned goals, but, also, to export it to another institutions of the country, in view of the fact that minimal investments for adquiring the resources needed to deploy such Program, as well as for training and capacitation of medic and paramedic personel in the corresponding Recording & Documentation and Feeding & Nutrition Good Practices might result in short-term economical and medical care benefits.

  13. Affirmative Action and Women in Higher Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hazzard, Terry

    The purposes of this paper are to: (1) discuss the historical development of women in higher education; (2) describe the implementation of federal policies for women; (3) focus on selected problems encountered by women in the work-place; and (4) offer recommendations and suggestions for eliminating some of the problems that women encounter. The…

  14. Affirmative Action Implications for Worldwide Family Systems.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Liss, Lora

    This paper views the interrelatedness of political, economic, and family systems as they are being affected by the growing awareness of sex discrimination. The reduction in sex inequalities throughout the world, regardless of political or economic orientation, will necessitate a new perception of the woman's role in the family unit. The hypothesis…

  15. May Affirmative Action Supersede Seniority and Tenure?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fischer, Louis

    1986-01-01

    When public institutions have been found guilty of discrimination, court-ordered racial quotas take precedence over both seniority and tenure. Since the Constitution is the basic law of the land, rights based on it supersede those derived from state law or contracts. (LHW)

  16. Affirmative Action on the Docket. Commentary

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chambers, Crystal

    2012-01-01

    In signing off the majority opinion in "Grutter v. Bollinger," Justice Sandra Day O'Connor opined, "That 25 years from now, the use of racial preferences will no longer be necessary to further the interest approved today" (2003, p. 342). The Supreme Court's acceptance of "Fisher v. University of Texas," however, may signal an end to affirmative…

  17. Affirmative Action: Attitude Makes a Difference.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cottam, Keith M.

    1987-01-01

    This brief history of equal employment opportunity cases from the Civil Rights Act of 1964 to 1986 Supreme Court cases summarizes the viewpoints of those who don't support it. Librarians are urged to accept the premise that equal employment opportunity is the law and that compliance is in everyone's best interests. (EM)

  18. Just Say No to Affirmative Action

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heriot, Gail

    2011-01-01

    The assumption behind the fierce competition for admission to elite colleges and universities is clear: The more elite the school one attends, the brighter one's future. That assumption, however, may well be flawed. The research examined recently by the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights provides strong reason to believe that attending the most…

  19. Affirmative Action in Employment in Higher Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Commission on Civil Rights, Washington, DC.

    Presentations, responses, and discussions of the conference sessions are transcribed. The topics addressed relate to faculty recruitment, promotion, and tenure policy and practice in higher education. The sessions covered: (1) historical background (Charles V. Willie, Patricia Roberts Harris, Harold C. Fleming); (2) federal regulations and case…

  20. Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program environmental compliance assessment checklists

    SciTech Connect

    Levine, M.B.; Sigmon, C.F.

    1989-09-29

    The purpose of the Environmental Compliance Assessment Program is to assess the compliance of Formerly Utilized Site Remedial Action Program (FUSRAP) sites with applicable environmental regulations and Department of Energy (DOE) Orders. The mission is to identify, assess, and decontaminate sites utilized during the 1940s, 1950s, and 1960s to process and store uranium and thorium ores in support of the Manhattan Engineer District and the Atomic Energy Commission. To conduct the FUSRAP environmental compliance assessment, checklists were developed that outline audit procedures to determine the compliance status of the site. The checklists are divided in four groups to correspond to these regulatory areas: Hazardous Waste Management, PCB Management, Air Emissions, and Water Discharges.

  1. Building the Group: Using Personal Affirming to Create Healthy Group Process.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mitten, Denise

    1995-01-01

    Group leaders who offer affirmations to participants in outdoor education encourage healthy relationships and group cohesion and increase individuals' self-esteem. Personal affirming includes actions and statements that make participants feel comfortable in their environment, support capable work, and encourage behavior change in a supportive and…

  2. The State of the Affirmative Case.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Klopf, Donald W.

    In debate, the affirmative case is changing so that the traditional needs-plan-advantages and comparative advantages cases are no longer the only ways to debate the affirmative. This paper discusses the two models of the affirmative case--the stock issue and systems models--and describes seven of the affirmative case possibilities:…

  3. Affirmed yet unaware: exploring the role of awareness in the process of self-affirmation.

    PubMed

    Sherman, David K; Cohen, Geoffrey L; Nelson, Leif D; Nussbaum, A David; Bunyan, Debra P; Garcia, Julio

    2009-11-01

    Three studies investigated whether self-affirmation can proceed without awareness, whether people are aware of the influence of experimental self-affirmations, and whether such awareness facilitates or undermines the self-affirmation process. The authors found that self-affirmation effects could proceed without awareness, as implicit self-affirming primes (utilizing sentence-unscrambling procedures) produced standard self-affirmation effects (Studies 1 and 3). People were generally unaware of self-affirmation's influence, and self-reported awareness was associated with decreased impact of the affirmation (Studies 1 and 2). Finally, affirmation effects were attenuated when people learned that self-affirmation was designed to boost self-esteem (Study 2) or told of a potential link between self-affirmation and evaluations of threatening information (Study 3). Together, these studies suggest not only that affirmation processes can proceed without awareness but also that increased awareness of the affirmation may diminish its impact.

  4. Federal government information handbook: formerly utilized sites remedial action program

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1980-12-31

    This volume is one of a series produced under contract with the DOE, by Politech Corporation to develop a legislative and regulatory data base to assist the FUSRAP management in addressing the institutional and socioeconomic issues involved in carrying out the Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program. This Information Handbook series contains information about all relevant government agencies at the Federal and state levels, the pertinent programs they administer, each affected state legislature, and current Federal and state legislative and regulatory initiatives. This volume is a compilation of information about the Federal Government. It contains a summary of the organization and responsibilities of agencies within the executive branch of the Federal government which may be relevant to FUSRAP activities; a brief summary of relevant Federal statutes and regulations; a description of the structure of the US Congress, identification of the officers, relevant committees and committee chairmen; a description of the Federal legislative process; a summary of legislation enacted and considered in the recently-adjourned 96th Congress; a description of the Federal budgetary process; a summary of the Carter Administration's comprehensive radioactive waste management program; and excerpts from the text of relevant federal statutes and regulations.

  5. From Knowledge to Action: Tips for Encouraging and Measuring Program-Related Behavior Change

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chazdon, Scott; Horntvedt, Jody; Templin, Elizabeth

    2016-01-01

    It is challenging to document the behavior changes that result from Extension programming. This article describes an evaluation method we call the "action items method." Unlike other approaches for measuring behavior change, this method requires program participants to define their own action plans as part of a program and then asks them…

  6. NASULGC Council on Extension, Committee on Program Innovation and Action Oriented Research; 1968 Report. Part 1. Program Innovations. Part 2. Action Oriented Research.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Association of State Universities and Land Grant Colleges, Washington, DC.

    This report on extension activities of member institutions of the National Association of State Universities and Land Grant Colleges describes 91 program innovations and action oriented research activities. Objectives, sponsorship, program evaluations, and other data are cited for program innovations in such areas as continuing medical education,…

  7. The 3D Elevation Program initiative: a call for action

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Sugarbaker, Larry J.; Constance, Eric W.; Heidemann, Hans Karl; Jason, Allyson L.; Lukas, Vicki; Saghy, David L.; Stoker, Jason M.

    2014-01-01

    The 3D Elevation Program (3DEP) initiative is accelerating the rate of three-dimensional (3D) elevation data collection in response to a call for action to address a wide range of urgent needs nationwide. It began in 2012 with the recommendation to collect (1) high-quality light detection and ranging (lidar) data for the conterminous United States (CONUS), Hawaii, and the U.S. territories and (2) interferometric synthetic aperture radar (ifsar) data for Alaska. Specifications were created for collecting 3D elevation data, and the data management and delivery systems are being modernized. The National Elevation Dataset (NED) will be completely refreshed with new elevation data products and services. The call for action requires broad support from a large partnership community committed to the achievement of national 3D elevation data coverage. The initiative is being led by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and includes many partners—Federal agencies and State, Tribal, and local governments—who will work together to build on existing programs to complete the national collection of 3D elevation data in 8 years. Private sector firms, under contract to the Government, will continue to collect the data and provide essential technology solutions for the Government to manage and deliver these data and services. The 3DEP governance structure includes (1) an executive forum established in May 2013 to have oversight functions and (2) a multiagency coordinating committee based upon the committee structure already in place under the National Digital Elevation Program (NDEP). The 3DEP initiative is based on the results of the National Enhanced Elevation Assessment (NEEA) that was funded by NDEP agencies and completed in 2011. The study, led by the USGS, identified more than 600 requirements for enhanced (3D) elevation data to address mission-critical information requirements of 34 Federal agencies, all 50 States, and a sample of private sector companies and Tribal and local

  8. WSTF Propulsion and Pyrotechnics Corrective Action Test Program Status-2000

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Saulsberry, R.; Ramirez, J.; Julien, H. L.; Hart, M.; Smith, W.; Bement, L.; Meagher, N. E.

    2000-01-01

    Extensive propulsion and pyrotechnic testing has been in progress at the NASA Johnson Space Center White Sands Test Facility (WSTF) since 1995. This started with the Mars Observer Propulsion and Pyrotechnics Corrective Action Test Program (MOCATP). The MOCATP has concluded, but extensive pyrovalve testing and research and development has continued at WSTF. The capability to accurately analyze and measure pyrovalve combustion product blow-by, evaluate propellant explosions initiated by blow-by, and characterize pyrovalve operation continues to be used and improved. This paper contains an overview of testing since MOCATP inception, but focuses on accomplishments since the status was last reported at the 35th Joint Propulsion Conference, June, 1999. This new activity includes evaluation of 3/8 inch Conax pyrovalves; development and testing of advanced pyrovalve technologies; investigation of nondestructive evaluation techniques to inspect pyrotechnically induced hydrazine explosions both through testing and modeling. Data from this collection of projects are now being formatted into a pyrovalve applications and testing handbook and consensus standard to benefit pyrovalve users and spacecraft designers. The handbook is briefly described here and in more detail in a separate paper. To increase project benefit, pyrovalve manufacturers are encouraged to provide additional valves for testing and consideration, and feedback is encouraged in all aspects of the pyrotechnic projects.

  9. Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action Program. Annual status report

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1980-12-01

    The purpose, scope, history, requirements, and management organization of the UMTRA Program are summarized in the Introduction. The remainder of the report describes progress made during the past year (F 1980) and discusses future plants and activities. Early emphasis has been on the four highest-priority sites because of their proximity to population centers. These sites are: (1) Canonsburg, Pennsylvania; (2) Salt Lake City, Utah; (3) Durango, Colorado; and (4) Shiprock, New Mexico (Navajo Reservation). To date, twenty-five vicinity properties near the Canonsburg site and two such properties near the Salt Lake City site have been designated for remedial action. A research effort was undertaken at a major vicinity property, the Mountain States Supply Company in Salt Lake City, to study the effects of heating-and-ventilating-system modification on indoor radon-daughter concentrations. A cooperative agreement was executed between DOE and the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. A similar agreement with the State of Utah is expected to be executed in early FY 1981. Further, it is expected that additional cooperative agreements will be negotiated during FY 1981 with the States of Colorado and Wyoming and the Navajo Nation. It is expected that the processing site at Canonsburg, PA (the Canonsburg Industrial Park) will be acquired during FY 1981. Draft Environmental Impact Statements for the four highest-priority sites will be completed during FY 1981.

  10. 34 CFR 300.135 - Written affirmation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 34 Education 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Written affirmation. 300.135 Section 300.135 Education....135 Written affirmation. (a) When timely and meaningful consultation, as required by § 300.134, has occurred, the LEA must obtain a written affirmation signed by the representatives of participating...

  11. 34 CFR 300.135 - Written affirmation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 34 Education 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Written affirmation. 300.135 Section 300.135 Education....135 Written affirmation. (a) When timely and meaningful consultation, as required by § 300.134, has occurred, the LEA must obtain a written affirmation signed by the representatives of participating...

  12. 34 CFR 300.135 - Written affirmation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 34 Education 2 2011-07-01 2010-07-01 true Written affirmation. 300.135 Section 300.135 Education....135 Written affirmation. (a) When timely and meaningful consultation, as required by § 300.134, has occurred, the LEA must obtain a written affirmation signed by the representatives of participating...

  13. 34 CFR 300.135 - Written affirmation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Written affirmation. 300.135 Section 300.135 Education....135 Written affirmation. (a) When timely and meaningful consultation, as required by § 300.134, has occurred, the LEA must obtain a written affirmation signed by the representatives of participating...

  14. 34 CFR 300.135 - Written affirmation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 34 Education 2 2014-07-01 2013-07-01 true Written affirmation. 300.135 Section 300.135 Education....135 Written affirmation. (a) When timely and meaningful consultation, as required by § 300.134, has occurred, the LEA must obtain a written affirmation signed by the representatives of participating...

  15. Fact Sheet on the History of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) Corrective Action Program

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    This fact sheet provides an overview of the main events that have shaped the current RCRA Corrective Action Program. It also provides a brief history of the statutory authorities, regulations, and policy that form the framework for the program.

  16. Involved, United, and Efficacious: Could Self-Affirmation Be the Solution to California's Drought?

    PubMed

    Walter, Nathan; Demetriades, Stefanie Z; Murphy, Sheila T

    2016-09-09

    Self-affirmation theory posits that thoughts and actions that affirm an important aspect of the self-concept can make people more susceptible to change by casting their self in a positive light. Whereas much of the current literature has been restricted to individual-level concerns, the current study provides longitudinal evidence for behavioral outcomes in the context of the California drought, advancing our theoretical knowledge regarding the underlying processes that lead self-affirmed individuals to address societal risks and collective concerns. The results of a three-wave experimental study (N = 91) indicated that relative to nonaffirmed counterparts, self-affirmed participants reported on higher levels of support for water conservation policies, as well as on reduction of water use that endured for 30 days following the self-affirming manipulation. In both cases, the effects were mediated by collective-efficacy but not by self-efficacy. Relevant explanations are considered and practical and theoretical implications are discussed.

  17. Interactions between perception and action programming: evidence from visual extinction and optic ataxia.

    PubMed

    Kitadono, Keiko; Humphreys, Glyn W

    2007-10-01

    We report a series of 7 experiments examining the interaction between visual perception and action programming, contrasting 2 neuropsychological cases: a case of visual extinction and a case with extinction and optic ataxia. The patients had to make pointing responses to left and right locations, whilst identifying briefly presented shapes. Different patterns of performance emerged with the two cases. The patient with "pure" extinction (i.e., extinction without optic ataxia) showed dramatic effects of action programming on perceptual report. Programming an action to the ipsilesional side increased extinction (on 2-item trials) and tended to induce neglect (on 1-item trials); this was ameliorated when the action was programmed to the contralesional side. Separable effects of using the contralesional hand and pointing to the contralesional side were apparent. In contrast, the optic ataxic patient showed few effects of congruency between the visual stimulus and the action, but extinction when an action was programmed. This effect was particularly marked when actions had to be made to peripheral locations, suggesting that it reflected reduced resources to stimuli. These effects all occurred using stimulus exposures that were completed well before actions were effected. The data demonstrate interactions between action programming and visual perception. Programming an action to the affected side with the contralesional limb reduces "pure" extinction because attention is coupled to the end point of the action. However, in a patient with deficient visuo-motor coupling (optic ataxia), programming an action can increase a spatial deficit by recruiting resources away from perceptual processing. The implications for models of perception and action are discussed.

  18. 42 CFR 431.820 - Corrective action under the MEQC program.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... program. The agency must— (a) Take action to correct any active or negative case action errors found in the sample cases; (b) Take administrative action to prevent or reduce the incidence of those errors; and (c) By September 15 each year, submit to CMS a report on its error rate analysis and a...

  19. Making Tracks 1.0: Action Researching an Active Transportation Education Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Robinson, Daniel; Foran, Andrew; Robinson, Ingrid

    2014-01-01

    This paper reports on the results of the first cycle of an action research project. The objective of this action research was to examine the implementation of a school-based active transportation education program (Making Tracks). A two-cycle action research design was employed in which elementary school students' (ages 7-9), middle school…

  20. Administrative Plans. STIP II (Skill Training Improvement Programs Round II).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Los Angeles Community Coll. District, CA.

    Personnel policies, job responsibilities, and accounting procedures are summarized for the Los Angeles Community College District's Skill Training Improvement Programs (STIP II). This report first cites references to the established personnel and affirmative action procedures governing the program and then presents an organizational chart for the…

  1. The Data-to-Action Framework: A Rapid Program Improvement Process

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zakocs, Ronda; Hill, Jessica A.; Brown, Pamela; Wheaton, Jocelyn; Freire, Kimberley E.

    2015-01-01

    Although health education programs may benefit from quality improvement methods, scant resources exist to help practitioners apply these methods for program improvement. The purpose of this article is to describe the Data-to-Action framework, a process that guides practitioners through rapid-feedback cycles in order to generate actionable data to…

  2. 36 CFR 72.17 - Preliminary Action Program-commitments to be included.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... support services necessary for the development and completion of the Recovery Action Program...-commitments to be included. 72.17 Section 72.17 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL PARK SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR URBAN PARK AND RECREATION RECOVERY ACT OF 1978 Local Recovery Action Programs §...

  3. 36 CFR 72.17 - Preliminary Action Program-commitments to be included.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... support services necessary for the development and completion of the Recovery Action Program...-commitments to be included. 72.17 Section 72.17 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL PARK SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR URBAN PARK AND RECREATION RECOVERY ACT OF 1978 Local Recovery Action Programs §...

  4. 36 CFR 72.17 - Preliminary Action Program-commitments to be included.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... support services necessary for the development and completion of the Recovery Action Program...-commitments to be included. 72.17 Section 72.17 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL PARK SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR URBAN PARK AND RECREATION RECOVERY ACT OF 1978 Local Recovery Action Programs §...

  5. 36 CFR 72.17 - Preliminary Action Program-commitments to be included.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... support services necessary for the development and completion of the Recovery Action Program...-commitments to be included. 72.17 Section 72.17 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL PARK SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR URBAN PARK AND RECREATION RECOVERY ACT OF 1978 Local Recovery Action Programs §...

  6. 36 CFR 72.17 - Preliminary Action Program-commitments to be included.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... support services necessary for the development and completion of the Recovery Action Program...-commitments to be included. 72.17 Section 72.17 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL PARK SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR URBAN PARK AND RECREATION RECOVERY ACT OF 1978 Local Recovery Action Programs §...

  7. Sketches of Local Action Programs for School Environmental Education 12/73 to 6/74.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Project KARE, Blue Bell, PA.

    Twenty-two elementary and secondary schools from throughout the five-county Southeastern Pennsylvania region were selected by Project KARE (Knowledgeable Action to Restore our Environment) to receive grants for Local Action Programs (LAP) of environmental education during 1973-1974. This guide reviews these twenty-two programs including the…

  8. Building a Knowledge to Action Program in Stroke Rehabilitation.

    PubMed

    Janzen, Shannon; McIntyre, Amanda; Richardson, Marina; Britt, Eileen; Teasell, Robert

    2016-09-01

    The knowledge to action (KTA) process proposed by Graham et al (2006) is a framework to facilitate the development and application of research evidence into clinical practice. The KTA process consists of the knowledge creation cycle and the action cycle. The Evidence Based Review of Stroke Rehabilitation is a foundational part of the knowledge creation cycle and has helped guide the development of best practice recommendations in stroke. The Rehabilitation Knowledge to Action Project is an audit-feedback process for the clinical implementation of best practice guidelines, which follows the action cycle. The objective of this review was to: (1) contextualize the Evidence Based Review of Stroke Rehabilitation and Rehabilitation Knowledge to Action Project within the KTA model and (2) show how this process led to improved evidence-based practice in stroke rehabilitation. Through this process, a single centre was able to change clinical practice and promote a culture that supports the use of evidence-based practices in stroke rehabilitation.

  9. Movement observation specifies motor programs activated by the action observed objective.

    PubMed

    Lago, Angel; Fernandez-del-Olmo, Miguel

    2011-04-15

    There are human cortical areas that fire both when a person executes an action and when he observes someone performing a similar action. The observer activates a motor program that resembles the observed action. However, it is not known whether the motor program activated via action observation is muscle specific. In this study, using simple pulse transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) applied over the primary motor cortex (M1), we investigated whether the Mirror System activates a muscle specific motor program, or codes the observed action in terms of its goal. The results showed that when subjects observed a static effector in front of an object, cortical excitability was enhanced even in muscles not involved in the observed movement, but that are able to achieve the goal of the action. When there was an effector-object interaction the motor program activated via action observation is muscle specific. These results suggest that when subjects observe an object related action there is an activation of a motor program based on the observed action goal, that is transformed into a muscle specific program when the subject shows an effector-object interaction.

  10. Stages of Development in Poverty Program Neighborhood Action Committees

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zurcher, Louis A., Jr.

    1969-01-01

    Two discussion papers, commenting on the main article, are included: (1) "Community Action: The Limits of a Developmental Framework by Martin Rein, and (2) "For the Advocate and the Innovator by Franklin M. Zweig.

  11. Interprofessional education in action: the VA Quality Scholars fellowship program.

    PubMed

    Patrician, Patricia A; Dolansky, Mary; Estrada, Carlos; Brennan, Caitlin; Miltner, Rebecca; Newsom, Jeremiah; Olds, Danielle; Splaine, Mark; Moore, Shirley

    2012-09-01

    Although there are many examples of interprofessional education activities that focus on quality and safety, few include longitudinal experiences of teams working together over time. One exception is the Veterans Affairs Quality Scholars (VAQS) fellowship program. This article describes the integration of interprofessional education into the VAQS fellowship program, offers 2 examples of interprofessional projects conducted by the fellows, and discusses the VAQS program as a model for others to consider in developing interprofessional training programs in safety and quality improvement.

  12. Fiscal Year 2013 Trails Management Program Mitigation Action Plan Annual Report, October 2013

    SciTech Connect

    Pava, Daniel S.

    2015-03-25

    This Trails Management Program Mitigation Action Plan Annual Report (Trails MAPAR) has been prepared for the Department of Energy (DOE)/National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) as part of implementing the 2003 Final Environmental Assessment for the Proposed Los Alamos National Laboratory Trails Management Program (DOE 2003). The Trails Mitigation Action Plan (MAP) is now a part of the Site-Wide Environmental Impact Statement for the Continued Operation of Los Alamos National Laboratory (DOE/EIS 0380) Mitigation Action Plan (2008 SWEIS MAP) (DOE 2008). The MAP provides guidance for the continued implementation of the Trails Management Program at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) and integration of future mitigation actions into the 2008 SWEIS MAP to decrease impacts associated with recreational trails use at LANL. This eighth MAPAR includes a summary of Trails Management Program activities and actions during Fiscal Year (FY) 2013, from October 2012 through September 2013.

  13. Nuclear facility decommissioning and site remedial actions: A selected bibliography, Volume 12. Environmental Restoration Program

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1991-09-01

    The 664 abstracted references on environmental restoration, nuclear facility decommissioning, uranium mill tailings management, and site remedial actions constitute the twelfth in a series of reports prepared annually for the US Department of Energy Remedial Action Programs. Citations to foreign and domestic literature of all types -- technical reports, progress reports, journal articles, symposia proceedings, theses, books, patents, legislation, and research project descriptions -- have been included. The bibliography contains scientific, technical, economic, regulatory, and legal information pertinent to the US Department of Energy Remedial Action Programs. Major sections are (1) Decontamination and Decommissioning Program, (2) Nuclear Facilities Decommissioning, (3) Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program, (4) Facilities Contaminated with Naturally Occurring Radionuclides, (5) Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action Program, (6) Uranium Mill Tailings Management, (7) Technical Measurements Center, and (8) Environmental Restoration Program. Within these categories, references are arranged alphabetically by first author. Those references having no individual author are listed by corporate affiliation or by publication title. Indexes are provided for author, corporate affiliation, title word, publication description, geographic location, subject category, and key word. This report is a product of the Remedial Action Program Information Center (RAPIC), which selects, analyzes, and disseminates information on environmental restoration and remedial actions. RAPIC staff and resources are available to meet a variety of information needs. Contact the center at FTS 624-7764 or (615) 574-7764.

  14. Mars Observer Propulsion and Pyrotechnics Corrective Actions Test Program Blanket Release

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Saulsberry, Regor L.; Fries, Joseph (Technical Monitor)

    1999-01-01

    The Mars Observer Propulsion and Pyrotechnic Corrective Actions Test Program has been in progress at the NASA White Sands Test Facility since 1995. This program has developed capabilities to accurately characterize pyrovalve hazards and has established corrective actions that arc helping to preclude loss of spacecraft due to pyrovalve and propellant interaction. Rather than wait for conclusion of the test program, significant rest results, findings, and safety recommendations have been and will continue to be released soon after they became available to meet needs of near-term NASA and commercial space programs. This release will cover approximately three to five papers per year until program end.

  15. Using Action Research to Engage Youth in Improving OST Programming

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hubbard, Brian

    2015-01-01

    Youth are often portrayed as apathetic, uninvolved, and reluctant to participate in their communities (Baizerman, Hildreth, & Roholt, 2013). Ironically, however, communities offer few opportunities for youth to address issues that are compelling to their interests and that engage their commitment and action (Bradford & Cullen, 2012;…

  16. [50 years ago: documentation concerning Bernburg's "euthanasia"-action program].

    PubMed

    Kaiser, W

    1990-07-15

    50 years ago within a so-called "euthanasia" action programme several killing institutions were founded, in which nearly 100,000 patients suffering from mental diseases were brought to death. At the instance of the Bernburg mental hospital the involvements of the political psychiatry and the murdering mechanism are described.

  17. Granite School District's Comprehensive Counseling and Guidance Program in Action.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Petersen, Judy

    This paper discusses the development of the Utah Model for Comprehensive Counseling and Guidance, and specifically, its application in the Granite School Districts Guidance Program. This model adopted the National Occupational Information Coordinating Committee (NOICC) competencies as its desired program content, which focuses on student outcomes.…

  18. Attitudes and Actions: Teacher Preparation Programs in ESL and IEPs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Perkins, Samuel S.

    The role of participant attitudes in the effectiveness of two teacher education program types, English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) and intensive English programs (IEPs), are discussed. Three factors are viewed as influencing participant attitudes: professional separation of ESL and IEP instruction as fields of study; physical separation of ESL and…

  19. 75 FR 4100 - Affirmative Fair Housing, Marketing (AFHM) Plan-Multifamily Housing, Affirmative Fair Housing...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-26

    ... URBAN DEVELOPMENT Affirmative Fair Housing, Marketing (AFHM) Plan-Multifamily Housing, Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing (AFHM) Plan-Single Family Housing and Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing (AFHM) Plan... forms to describe their intent for marketing to ensure that they meet the Fair Housing...

  20. UK: legal action on needle exchange programs in prisons dismissed.

    PubMed

    Valette, Delphine

    2005-08-01

    In April 2005, a judicial review application against the UK Home Secretary for his failure to introduce needle exchange programs in prisons in England and Wales was dismissed by a judge at the Royal Courts of Justice (Administrative Court Division).

  1. 36 CFR 72.43 - Fundable elements: Recovery Action Program grants.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Fundable elements: Recovery Action Program grants. 72.43 Section 72.43 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL PARK SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR URBAN PARK AND RECREATION RECOVERY ACT OF 1978 Grants for Recovery Action...

  2. 36 CFR 72.43 - Fundable elements: Recovery Action Program grants.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Fundable elements: Recovery Action Program grants. 72.43 Section 72.43 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL PARK SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR URBAN PARK AND RECREATION RECOVERY ACT OF 1978 Grants for Recovery Action...

  3. 36 CFR 72.43 - Fundable elements: Recovery Action Program grants.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Fundable elements: Recovery Action Program grants. 72.43 Section 72.43 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL PARK SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR URBAN PARK AND RECREATION RECOVERY ACT OF 1978 Grants for Recovery Action...

  4. 36 CFR 72.43 - Fundable elements: Recovery Action Program grants.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Fundable elements: Recovery Action Program grants. 72.43 Section 72.43 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL PARK SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR URBAN PARK AND RECREATION RECOVERY ACT OF 1978 Grants for Recovery Action...

  5. 36 CFR 72.43 - Fundable elements: Recovery Action Program grants.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Fundable elements: Recovery Action Program grants. 72.43 Section 72.43 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL PARK SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR URBAN PARK AND RECREATION RECOVERY ACT OF 1978 Grants for Recovery Action...

  6. 78 FR 11903 - Acceptability of Corrective Action Programs for Fuel Cycle Facilities

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-20

    ... COMMISSION Acceptability of Corrective Action Programs for Fuel Cycle Facilities AGENCY: Nuclear Regulatory... Fuel Cycle Facilities.'' The draft NUREG provides guidance to the NRC staff on how to determine whether a Corrective Action Plan (CAP) submitted by the licensee of a fuel cycle facility is...

  7. The Effects of Action and Violence in Television Programs on the Social Behavior and Imaginative Play of Preschool Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Huston-Stein, Aletha; And Others

    The independent contributions of action and violence in television programs to children's attention and social behavior were investigated. Pairs of preschool children were assigned to one of four television conditions (1) high action-high violence, (2) high action-low violence, (3) low action-low violence, or (4) no television. Action was defined…

  8. Bellingham Bay action program: Initial data summaries and problem identification

    SciTech Connect

    Decker, D.S.; Sonnerup, R.; Greene, J.J.

    1989-08-01

    The report provides a synthesis of information describing the geographic extent and severity of estuarine contamination in Bellingham Bay within Puget Sound in Washington State. Summaries of existing data are provided for chemical contamination of sediment and biota, microbial contamination, eutrophication and contaminant sources. Original, summarized, tabulated, and mapped data are presented. The objective of the report is to provide a mechanism for comprehensively evaluating pollution problems in the more urbanized embayments and for providing a basis for prioritizing corrective actions. A decision making framework is presented for evaluating and prioritizing both sub-areas within Bellingham Bay and specific contaminant sources.

  9. Evaluating Alternative High Schools: Program Evaluation in Action

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hinds, Drew Samuel Wayne

    2013-01-01

    Alternative high schools serve some of the most vulnerable students and their programs present a significant challenge to evaluate. Determining the impact of an alternative high school that serves mostly at-risk students presented a significant research problem. Few studies exist that dig deeper into the characteristics and strategies of…

  10. 40 CFR 192.33 - Corrective action programs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Section 192.33 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) RADIATION PROTECTION PROGRAMS HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION STANDARDS FOR URANIUM AND THORIUM MILL TAILINGS Standards for Management of Uranium Byproduct Materials Pursuant to Section 84 of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as...

  11. 40 CFR 192.33 - Corrective action programs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Section 192.33 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) RADIATION PROTECTION PROGRAMS HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION STANDARDS FOR URANIUM AND THORIUM MILL TAILINGS Standards for Management of Uranium Byproduct Materials Pursuant to Section 84 of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as...

  12. 40 CFR 192.33 - Corrective action programs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Section 192.33 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) RADIATION PROTECTION PROGRAMS HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION STANDARDS FOR URANIUM AND THORIUM MILL TAILINGS Standards for Management of Uranium Byproduct Materials Pursuant to Section 84 of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as...

  13. The Construction of the Affirmative Plan.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ulrich, Walter

    Because the affirmative plan in debate cannot be modified once it has been criticized by the second negative, it is important that the affirmative team word the plan carefully in simple and concise language, assuring that it upholds all possible policies and contains only those planks that support the resolution. Other considerations in…

  14. 45 CFR 160.410 - Affirmative defenses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Affirmative defenses. 160.410 Section 160.410... defenses. (a) The Secretary may not: (1) Prior to February 18, 2011, impose a civil money penalty on a... affirmative defense exists with respect to the violation, including the following: (1) The covered...

  15. 45 CFR 160.410 - Affirmative defenses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Affirmative defenses. 160.410 Section 160.410... defenses. (a) The Secretary may not: (1) Prior to February 18, 2011, impose a civil money penalty on a... affirmative defense exists with respect to the violation, including the following: (1) The covered...

  16. Implementing Experiential Action Learning in International Management Education: The Global Business Strategic (GLOBUSTRAT) Consulting Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kamath, Shyam; Agrawal, Jagdish; Krickx, Guido

    2008-01-01

    This paper discusses the theoretical foundations and implementation challenges and outcomes of a unique "hands-on" global consulting program that is integrated into an international EMBA program for mid-career and senior American and European managers. It details the challenges for the integration of experiential action learning, double-loop…

  17. Using Work Action Analysis to Identify Web-Portal Requirements for a Professional Development Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nickles, George

    2007-01-01

    This article describes using Work Action Analysis (WAA) as a method for identifying requirements for a web-based portal that supports a professional development program. WAA is a cognitive systems engineering method for modeling multi-agent systems to support design and evaluation. A WAA model of the professional development program of the…

  18. How Young Children Learn to Program with Sensor, Action, and Logic Blocks

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wyeth, Peta

    2008-01-01

    Electronic Blocks are a new programming environment designed specifically for children aged between 3 and 8 years. These physical, stackable blocks include sensor blocks, action blocks, and logic blocks. By connecting these blocks, children can program a wide variety of structures that interact with one another and the environment. Electronic…

  19. The Evaluation of an Early Childhood Teacher Preparation Program: An Action Research Project

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ragno, Kerry Sullivan

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this dissertation was to evaluate the effectiveness of an Early Childhood Development Associate of Applied Science (AAS) degree program at one community college as part of an ongoing action research project. Prior to this dissertation study, external and internal barriers prevented the associate degree program stakeholders from…

  20. Visuomotor priming of action preparation and motor programming is similar in visually guided and memory-guided actions.

    PubMed

    Seegelke, Christian; Güldenpenning, Iris; Dettling, Julian; Schack, Thomas

    2016-10-01

    The present study examined whether the planning and execution of a reach-to-grasp movement is susceptible to visuomotor priming, and whether the strength of the priming effect depends on the availability of visual feedback. Participants grasped a target object as quickly as possible with either a whole-hand grip or a precision grip upon hearing an auditory stimulus. Prior to the auditory cue, a prime stimulus was presented. The prime stimulus depicted an object that was either congruent, incongruent, or ambiguous with respect to the required grasp, or it showed no object at all. In addition, participants performed the grasping task in one of three vision conditions: participants' vision was either occluded during both the motor programming and online-control phase (no-vision), participants had vision only during the motor programming phase (partial-vision), or they had vision available throughout task performance (full-vision). Results revealed the presence of two discrete priming effects. First, we found a facilitative effect of congruent compared to incongruent prime-grip combinations that influenced reaction times and kinematic parameters. Second, we found that movements were initiated slower during the no prime compared to all other conditions. However, this effect did not affect movement kinematics. Importantly, the size of both effects was similar regardless of vision. Together, these results suggest that visuomotor priming effects exhibit a similar influence on memory-guided and visually guided actions, indicating the same underlying object representations for those actions, and thus further challenging the real-time view of motor programming. Furthermore, the two different priming effects suggest the presence of functionally distinct, yet related modules or processes related to action preparation and motor programming, and hint towards possible ventrodorsal interactions.

  1. Technology needs for environmental restoration remedial action. Environmental Restoration Program

    SciTech Connect

    Watson, J.S.

    1992-11-01

    This report summarizes the current view of the most important technology needs for the US Department of Energy (DOE) facilities operated by Martin Marietta Energy Systems, Inc. These facilities are the Oak Ridge National Laboratory, the Oak Ridge K-25 Site, the Oak Ridge Y-12 Plant, the Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant, and the Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant. The sources of information used in this assessment were a survey of selected representatives of the Environmental Restoration (ER) programs at each facility, results from a questionnaire distributed by Geotech CWM, Inc., for DOE, and associated discussions with individuals from each facility. This is not a final assessment, but a brief look at an ongoing assessment; the needs will change as the plans for restoration change and, it is hoped, as some technical problems are solved through successful development programs.

  2. Options in Education Transcript: Program No. 138: "Beyond Bakke."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    George Washington Univ., Washington, DC. Inst. for Educational Leadership.

    In this transcript of a radio program about the Bakke case, a news team covers the following topics: (1) Vernon Jordan's admonitions to use restraint in assessing the implications of Bakke; (2) blacks' suspicions about affirmative action; (3) Robert McKay's thoughts on the meaning of Bakke; (4) McGeorge Bundy's thoughts on the Harvard Admissions…

  3. Quality Assurance Program Plan for the radiological survey activities program --- Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action Project

    SciTech Connect

    Knott, R.R.; Little, C.A.

    1991-08-01

    The Pollutant Assessments Group (PAG) at the Grand Junction Office (GJO), Colorado, of Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) is responsible for surveying designated sites in the vicinity of 24 inactive mill sites involved in the Department of Energy's (DOE) Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action Project (UMTRAP). The purpose of these surveys is to provide a recommendation to DOE whether to include or exclude these sites from UMTRAP based on whether the on-site residual radioactive material (if any) originated from the former mill sites, and radiation levels on-site are in excess of appropriate Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) criteria. This report describes the Quality Assurance Plan (QAP) for the PAG in conducting all activities related to UMTRAP. All quality assurance provisions given by the DOE, DOE/UMTRA and ORNL organizations are integrated into this plan. Specifically, this report identifies the policies and procedures followed in accomplishing the PAG/UMTRA QA program, identifies those organizational units involved in the implementation of these procedures, and outlines the respective responsibilities of those groups. 11 refs., 6 figs., 3 tabs.

  4. F-35 Lightning II Program Quality Assurance and Corrective Action Evaluation

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-03-11

    Lockheed Martin, Fort Worth, Texas, for conformity to the contractually required Aerospace Standard (AS)9100, “Quality Management Systems...September 30, 2013, to determine whether the actions taken were appropriate. Findings The F-35 Program generally conformed to requirements and...Office of Inspector General (OIG) conducted an evaluation of the F-35 Lightning II Program (F-35 Program) for conformity to the contractually required

  5. Program overview: Remedial actions at Oak Ridge National Laboratory

    SciTech Connect

    Bates, L.D.; Trabalka, J.R.

    1988-07-27

    Research on and development of civilian and defense uses of nuclear materials and technologies have occurred at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) since its creation as part of the World War II Manhattan Project in 1943. A diverse legacy of contaminated inactive facilities, research areas, and waste management areas exists; many are candidates for remedial action. Most attention is focused on waste management sites which contain the bulk of ORNL's environmental contamination. A wide variety of liquid and solid wastes, primarily radioactive wastes or mixed wastes in which radioactivity was the principal hazardous constituent, have been disposed of on-site in the past 45 years. One potential approach to remedial problems at ORNL is to design primarily for control and decay in situ (during an institutional control period of 100 years or more) of intermediate-lived wastes such as /sup 3/H, /sup 90/Sr, and /sup 137/Cs. Passive measures designed to provide greater long-term confinement (for example, in situ vitrification) could be exercised at sites contaminated with TRU wastes or high concentrations of hazardous constitutes. This approach would (a) provide a period sufficiently long for evaluation of the effectiveness of environmental processes and passive remedial measures in controlling the migration of long-lived materials, (b) allow additional time needed for development of new technologies for more permanent site stabilization, and (c) reduce the need for immediate implementation of the more-expensive exhumation and disposal option.

  6. Preceptorship and Affirmation in the Intergenerational World of Nursing Practice

    PubMed Central

    Foley, Vicki; Myrick, Florence; Yonge, Olive

    2012-01-01

    Research has shown that while preceptorship offers a reality-oriented learning environment and facilitates competence of students, there are inherent rewards and stressors associated with the experience. Students and preceptors can be from different generations, and as such, they may often come to the learning space with differing values and expectations. The nature of the preceptorship experience in this intergenerational context was explored in a recent phenomenological study with seven preceptors and seven nursing students in an undergraduate nursing program in Eastern Canada. Overall the experience was found to be inclusive of three main themes: being affirmed, being challenged, and being on a pedagogical journey. In this paper we explore the first of these themes, being affirmed. Highlighting the positive aspects of the preceptorship experience in the intergenerational context is necessary to promote a culture of openness and respect for generational differences within clinical nursing practice settings and to improving the overall quality of the educational experience. PMID:22778943

  7. [Self-affirmation in the workplace].

    PubMed

    Stresemann, E

    2012-09-01

    Self-affirmation establishes the basis for self-esteem through self-realisation in daily life and at the workplace. Examples of attainment of self-affirmation support motivation during adolescence where a lack of orientation in life causes socialisation to be at risk. Personal ambition to achieve superiority may provoke critical trends when assuming morally questionable behaviour at the workplace. Beginners in employment often face an atmosphere of unbalanced tension at work and deserve protective understanding and experienced support when striving for self-affirmation.

  8. Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action Project Safety Advancement Field Effort (SAFE) Program

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1994-02-01

    In 1992, the Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project experienced several health and safety related incidents at active remediation project sites. As a result, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) directed the Technical Assistance Contractor (TAC) to establish a program increasing the DOE`s overall presence at operational remediation sites to identify and minimize risks in operations to the fullest extent possible (Attachments A and B). In response, the TAC, in cooperation with the DOE and the Remedial Action Contractor (RAC), developed the Safety Advancement Field Effort (SAFE) Program.

  9. Multi-Ethnicity in the Malaysian Workplace: The Net Balance of 35 Years of Affirmative Policies as Observed by a Foreign Visitor

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Montesino, Max U.

    2007-01-01

    This paper looks at the net societal balance of post-independence affirmative action policies in Malaysia. Social imbalances prompted the country to implement affirmative policies to uplift the majority natives (Malays, Indigenous people of Sabah and Sarawak, etc.). These policies were reluctantly accepted by the immigrant communities (Chinese,…

  10. 77 FR 66025 - Program Access Rules

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-31

    ... basis in response to program access complaints. The Commission also affirms its expanded discovery... No. 07-29, we (i) affirm the expanded discovery procedures for program access complaints adopted...

  11. Self-affirmation underlies Facebook use.

    PubMed

    Toma, Catalina L; Hancock, Jeffrey T

    2013-03-01

    Social network sites, such as Facebook, have acquired an unprecedented following, yet it is unknown what makes them so attractive to users. Here we propose that these sites' popularity can be understood through the fulfillment of ego needs. We use self-affirmation theory to hypothesize why and when people spend time on their online profiles. Study 1 shows that Facebook profiles are self-affirming in the sense of satisfying users' need for self-worth and self-integrity. Study 2 shows that Facebook users gravitate toward their online profiles after receiving a blow to the ego, in an unconscious effort to repair their perceptions of self-worth. In addition to illuminating some of the psychological factors that underlie Facebook use, the results provide an important extension to self-affirmation theory by clarifying how self-affirmation operates in people's everyday environments.

  12. Doing Poverty: Learning Outcomes among Students Participating in the Community Action Poverty Simulation Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Steck, Laura West; Engler, Jennifer N.; Ligon, Mary; Druen, Perri B.; Cosgrove, Erin

    2011-01-01

    This article discusses an application of the Lewinian/Kolb experiential learning model in the context of undergraduate participation in the Missouri Community Action Poverty Simulation (CAPS) program. CAPS is designed to simulate common, everyday experiences among people living in poverty as participants take on the roles of family members working…

  13. THE ROLE OF THE COMMUNITY ACTION PROGRAM IN THE SOLUTION OF RURAL YOUTH MANPOWER PROBLEMS.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    WILLIAMS, J. EARL

    SUBSTANTIAL POVERTY IN RURAL AREAS HAS BEEN CAUSED BY UNEMPLOYMENT DUE TO THE TECHNOLOGICAL REVOLUTION WHICH HAS MECHANIZED AGRICULTURAL OCCUPATIONS WHICH HAVE BEEN THE EXCLUSIVE DOMAIN OF THE FARM LABORER. A WELL-ORGANIZED COMMUNITY ACTION PROGRAM PROVIDES A MEANS OF EFFECTIVELY COMBATING THE RATE OF UNEMPLOYMENT WHICH IS ESPECIALLY HIGH AMONG…

  14. The DiabetAction Program: Implementation in Community-Based Settings

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mathieu, Marie-Eve; Brochu, Martin; Beliveau, Louise

    2009-01-01

    Developed for specialists who want to increase the physical activity (PA) level of type 2 diabetic and at-risk individuals, the 10-week DiabetAction program introduced participants to a wide variety of cardiovascular, resistance, balance, and flexibility exercises. Thirty-three of 48 individuals completed the intervention in community-based…

  15. Action Research as an Approach to Integrating Sustainability into MBA Programs: An Exploratory Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Benn, Suzanne; Dunphy, Dexter

    2009-01-01

    This article reports on an exploratory project that employed an action research approach to integrating sustainability into core subjects in the MBA program at an Australian university. It documents the change methodology used, the theoretical basis for this choice, and the project outcomes. It then identifies some key enabling factors and…

  16. THE ROLE OF GUIDANCE SERVICES IN COMMUNITY ACTION PROGRAMS COMBATING POVERTY.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    GUIDANCE OBJECTIVES TO BE INCLUDED IN A COMMUNITY ACTION PROGRAM COMBATING PROVERTY ARE PRESENTED. THE OBJECTIVES INCLUDE EARLY ADJUSTMENT OF STUDENTS, EARLY IDENTIFICATION AND INTERPRETATION OF ABILITIES, EDUCATIONAL AND CAREER PLANS BASED ON ABILITIES AND SKILLS, PARENT UNDERSTANDING OF OPPORTUNITIES, ENCOURAGEMENT OF REALISTIC GOALS IN LINE…

  17. Kanbay's Global Leadership Development Program: A Case Study of Virtual Action Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marsh, Catherine; Johnson, Carrie

    2005-01-01

    This study examines action learning as a vehicle for the transfer of organizational values in a multi-cultural, virtual-team based leadership development process. A Case Study of Kanbay International's Global Leadership Development Program is used as a lens through which HRD researchers and practitioners may glimpse new possibilities for the…

  18. 77 FR 68790 - Program Comment Issued for Streamlining Section 106 Review for Actions Affecting Post-1945...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-16

    ... Concrete and Steel Bridges AGENCY: Advisory Council on Historic Preservation. ACTION: Program Comment issued for streamlining Section 106 review for undertakings affecting post-1945 concrete and steel... consider the effects of undertakings on common bridges and culverts constructed of concrete or steel...

  19. 38 CFR 62.60 - Program or budget changes and corrective action plans.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... submit to VA for approval a Corrective Action Plan (CAP) if, on a quarterly basis, actual supportive... supportive services grant activities vary from the grantee's program description provided in the supportive services grant agreement. (1) The CAP must identify the expenditure or activity source that has caused...

  20. 38 CFR 62.60 - Program or budget changes and corrective action plans.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... submit to VA for approval a Corrective Action Plan (CAP) if, on a quarterly basis, actual supportive... supportive services grant activities vary from the grantee's program description provided in the supportive services grant agreement. (1) The CAP must identify the expenditure or activity source that has caused...

  1. 38 CFR 62.60 - Program or budget changes and corrective action plans.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... submit to VA for approval a Corrective Action Plan (CAP) if, on a quarterly basis, actual supportive... supportive services grant activities vary from the grantee's program description provided in the supportive services grant agreement. (1) The CAP must identify the expenditure or activity source that has caused...

  2. Place-Based Learning: Action Learning in MA Program for Educational Practitioners

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Glassner, Amnon; Eran-Zoran, Yael

    2016-01-01

    The study presents a new pedagogical idea and practice for educational practitioners. The practice was developed as a workshop of MA program in order to change and expand the meaning of education for the wellbeing of the community. The "place-based learning" workshop combined action learning (AL) with project-based learning (PBL). The…

  3. Preventing Boys' Problems in Schools through Psychoeducational Programming: A Call to Action

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Neil, James M.; Lujan, Melissa L.

    2009-01-01

    Controversy currently exists on whether boys are in crises and, if so, what to do about it. Research is reviewed that indicates that boys have problems that affect their emotional and interpersonal functioning. Psychoeducational and preventive programs for boys are recommended as a call to action in schools. Thematic areas for boys' programming…

  4. A Structuration Theory Analysis of the Refugee Action Support Program in Greater Western Sydney

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Naidoo, Loshini

    2009-01-01

    This article uses Gidden's structuration theory to analyse the Refugee Action Support program in Greater Western Sydney. The study shows that many refugee students in Australian high schools experience difficulty with academic transition in mainstream classrooms due to their previous experiences in war-torn countries. As a result of the trauma…

  5. The Transformative Power of Youth Action Coalition's Multimodal Arts-for-Change Programming

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Turner, K. C. Nat; Way, Kate; Gray, Robin R. R.

    2013-01-01

    This article analyzes the potential of a series of Youth Action Coalition's (YAC) Arts-for-Change (AfC) youth programs for literacy and identity development, as well as for engaging youth in addressing issues of social justice. Drawing primarily on transcripts of interviews, surveys, and participant-observation fieldnotes inventorying changes in…

  6. Motivations and possible actions of potential criminal adversaries of US nuclear programs

    SciTech Connect

    Bass, G.; Jenkins, B.; Kellen, K.; Krofcheek, J.; Petty, G.; Reinstedt, R.; Ronfeldt, D.

    1981-01-01

    The motivations that might impel individuals or groups to undertake criminal actions against US nuclear facilities or programs are explored in the report (R and R-2554-SL) from which this note is taken. The analysis involves examination of the motivations behind nuclear-related crimes that have already occurred and of those behind analogous nonnuclear crimes.

  7. Using Action Research To Inform Curriculum Deliberation in an Early Childhood Education Teacher Education Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Connolly, Mary; Dotson, Margaret

    An action research project was conducted at Ohio's Sinclair Community College to review and revise the early childhood teacher education curriculum. First, a modified Developing a Curriculum (DACUM) process was undertaken. Over 800 tasks from 8 validated task lists obtained from early childhood education (ECE) programs at other community colleges…

  8. Using Participatory Action Research To Evaluate Programs Serving People with Severe Disabilities: Reflections from the Field.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stevens, Karen A.; Folchman, Ruth

    1998-01-01

    This article discusses challenges in using participatory action research (PAR) in the evaluation of programs that provide services and supports to people with severe disabilities. Challenges include the need for modification of the model, time constraints, issues around power and position, and inclusion of individuals with severe disabilities.…

  9. Promoting the Development of Moral Identity, Behavior, and Commitment in a Social Action Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones, Jeffrey N.; Warnaar, Bethany L.; Bench, Joshua H.; Stroup, John

    2014-01-01

    Involvement in social action and community service can promote the construction of prosocial identities and enduring patterns of civic behavior. This article explores this important process for youth that participate in the PeaceJam Ambassadors program. High school-aged "PeaceJammers" study the lives of Nobel Peace laureates while…

  10. ACTION Live: Using Process Evaluation to Describe Implementation of a Worksite Wellness Program

    PubMed Central

    Johnson, Carolyn C.; Lai, Yen-Ling; Rice, Janet; Rose, Diego; Webber, Larry S.

    2010-01-01

    Objective Process evaluation is a necessary component of randomized controlled field trials. This is a descriptive paper that reviews process evaluation for the ACTION Wellness Program for Elementary School Personnel. Methods Methods included self-report by participants, documentation by program staff, and school administrator report. Variables evaluated were program dose, fidelity and reach, exposure to materials and activities, and school factors that could influence program implementation and/or outcomes. Results Dose and exposure were high across intervention schools and intervention years. Reach was variable across schools and activities. Schools on the East Bank of the Mississippi River generally had slightly better reach than schools on the West Bank. Some nutrition activities had higher levels of participation than physical activities. Conclusions High program dose reflected good effort and cooperation by program staff and schools. A disconnect between exposure and reach showed that high exposure did not always translate to high participation. PMID:20061882

  11. 78 FR 46799 - Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program: Privacy Protections of Information From Applicant...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-02

    ... / Friday, August 2, 2013 / Rules and Regulations#0;#0; ] DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Food and Nutrition Service 7 CFR Part 272 RIN 0584-AD91 Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program: Privacy Protections of Information From Applicant Households AGENCY: Food and Nutrition Service, USDA. ACTION: Affirmation of...

  12. Small Business: Action Needed to Determine Whether DOD’s Comprehensive Subcontracting Plan Test Program Should Be Made Permanent

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-11-01

    SMALL BUSINESS Action Needed to Determine Whether DOD’s Comprehensive Subcontracting Plan Test Program Should Be...Subcontracting Plan Test Program Should Be Made Permanent 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR(S) 5d. PROJECT...committees November 2015 SMALL BUSINESS Action Needed to Determine Whether DOD’s Comprehensive Subcontracting Plan Test Program Should Be Made

  13. New Jersey state information handbook: Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program

    SciTech Connect

    1980-10-31

    Under the implied authority of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended, radiological surveys and research work has been conducted to determine radiological conditions at former MED/AEC sites. As of this time, 31 sites in 13 states have been identified that require or may require remedial action. This volume is one of a series produced under contract with DOE, Office of Nuclear Waste Management, by POLITECH CORPORATION to develop a legislative and regulatory data base to assist the FUSRAP management in addressing the institutional and socioeconomic issues involved in carrying out the Remedial Action Program. This Information Handbook series contains information about all relevant government agencies at the Federal and state levels, the pertinent programs they administer, each affected state legislature, and current Federal and state legislative and regulatory initiatives. This volume is a compilation of information about the state of New Jersey. It contains: a description of the state executive branch structure; a summary of relevant state statutes and regulations; a description of the structure of the state legislature, identification of the officers and committee chairmen, and a summary of recent relevant legislative action; and the full text of relevant statutes and regulations. The loose-leaf format used in these volumes will allow the material to be updated periodically as the Remedial Action Program progresses.

  14. 'Ready. Set. ACTION!' A theater-based obesity prevention program for children: a feasibility study.

    PubMed

    Neumark-Sztainer, Dianne; Haines, Jess; Robinson-O'Brien, Ramona; Hannan, Peter J; Robins, Michael; Morris, Bonnie; Petrich, Christine A

    2009-06-01

    This study examined the feasibility of implementing an innovative theater-based after-school program, 'Ready. Set. ACTION!', to reach ethnically diverse and low-income children and their parents with obesity prevention messages. The study population included 96 children and 61 parents. Children were in fourth to sixth grade and 41% were overweight at baseline. Program impact was evaluated with a pre/post-randomized controlled study design, but a major focus was placed on the process evaluation conducted in the intervention schools. Intervention children and parents reported high program satisfaction and that they had made changes or intended to make positive changes in their behaviors due to program participation. However, few meaningful differences between the intervention and control conditions were found at follow-up. Thus, the combined process and impact evaluation results suggest that the intervention was effective in leading to increased awareness of the need for behavioral change, but was not powerful enough on its own to lead to behavioral change. From this feasibility study, we concluded that Ready. Set. ACTION! offers promise as a creative intervention strategy. The next research step may be to incorporate theater-based programs into more comprehensive school-based interventions, with both educational and environmental components, and evaluate program impact.

  15. The House That Affirmation Builds

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kessler, Susan Stone; Snodgrass, April M.

    2014-01-01

    The authors, principals at a high-poverty school in Nashville, Tennessee, find that key actions to building a strong school culture and morale are communicating clearly, recognizing everyone's contributions, and giving students and parents many ways to become involved at school. They portray a specific process that Hunters Lane High School has…

  16. New Mexico state information handbook formerly utilized sites remedial action program

    SciTech Connect

    1980-12-31

    This volume is one of a series produced under contract with the DOE, by Politech Corporation to develop a legislative and regulatory data base to assist the FUSRAP management in addressing the institutional and socioeconomic issues involved in carrying out the Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program. This Informaion Handbook series contains information about all relevant government agencies at the Federal and state levels, the pertinent programs they administer, each affected state legislature, and current Federal and state legislative and regulatory initiatives. This volume is a compilation of information about the State of New Mexico. It contains: a description of the state executive branch structure; a summary of relevant state statutes and regulations; a description of the structure of the state legislature, identification of the officers and committee chairmen, and a summary of recent relevant legislative action; and the full text of relevant statutes and regulations.

  17. New York state information handbook formerly utilized sites remedial action program

    SciTech Connect

    1980-12-31

    This volume is one of a series produced under contract with the DOE, by Politech Corporation to develop a legislative and regulatory data base to assist the FUSRAP management in addressing the institutional and socioeconomic issues involved in carrying our the Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program. This Information Handbook series contains information about all relevant government agencies at the Federal and state levels, the pertinent programs they administer, each affected state legislature, and current Federal and state legislative and regulatory initiatives. This volume is a compilation of information about the State of New York. It contains: a description of the state executive branch structure; a summary of relevant state statutes and regulations; a description of the structure of the state legislature, identification of the officers and committee chairmen, and a summary of recent relevant legislative action; and the full text of relevant statutes and regulations.

  18. New Mexico state information handbook: formerly utilized sites remedial action program

    SciTech Connect

    2014-12-31

    This volume is one of a series produced under contract with the DOE, by Politech Corporation to develop a legislative and regulatory data base to assist the FUSRAP management in addressing the institutional and socioeconomic issues involved in carrying out the Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program. This information Handbook series contains information about all relevant government agencies at the Federal and state levels, the pertinent programs they administer, each affected state legislature, and current Federal and state legislative and regulatory initiatives. This volume is a compilation of information about the State of New Mexico. It contains a description of the state executive branch structure; a summary of relevant state statutes and regulations; a description of the structure of the state legislature, identification of the officers and committee chairmen, and a summary of recent relevant legislative action; and the full text of relevant statutes and regulations.

  19. Formerly Used Sites Remedial Action Program (FUSRAP) W. R. Grace Building 23 Remedial Action-Challenges and Successes - 12247

    SciTech Connect

    Barber, Brenda; Honerlah, Hans; O'Neill, Mike; Young, Carl

    2012-07-01

    : coordination with stakeholders, coordination between multiple RA contractors, addressing unique structural challenges for Building 23, nonradiological hazards associated with the RA, weather issues, and complex final status survey (FSS) coordination. The challenges during the Phase 1 RA were handled successfully. The challenges for the Phase 2 RA, which is anticipated to be complete by late-summer of 2012, have been handled successfully so far. By fall of 2012, USACE is expecting to finalize a robust RA Closure Report, including the Final Status Survey Report, which summarizes the RA activities and documents compliance with the ROD. During the ongoing RA at Building 23, there have been and still are many challenges both technically and from a project management perspective, due in part to the nature and extent of impact at the site (residual radioactivity within an active processing building), dual oversight by the property owner and USACE, and site-specific challenges associated with a complex RA and multiple contractors. Currently, USACE and its industry partner are overseeing the completion of RA field activities. RA closure documentation for the remediation of Building 23 to address residual contamination in building materials will be reviewed/approved by USACE and its industry partner upon completion of the field activities. USACE and its industry partner are working well together, through the Settlement Agreement, to conduct a cost-efficient and effective remedial action to address the legacy issues at Building 23. This cooperative effort has set a firm foundation for achieving a successful RA at the RWDA using a 'forward think' approach, and it is a case study for other sites where an industry partner is involved. The collaborative effort led to implementation of an RA which is acceptable to the site owner, the regulators, and the public, thus allowing USACE to move this project forward successfully in the FUSRAP program. (authors)

  20. 24 CFR 1710.219 - Affirmation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 5 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Affirmation. 1710.219 Section 1710.219 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development (Continued...) (Signature) (Corporate seal if applicable) (Title) Warning: Section 1418 of the Housing and Urban...