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Sample records for ag-clad bi-2223 tapes

  1. Fabrication and characterization of Ag-clad Bi-2223 tapes.

    SciTech Connect

    Balachandran, U.

    1999-04-20

    The powder-in-tube (PIT) technique was used to fabricate multifilament (Bi,Pb){sub 2}Sr{sub 2}Ca{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub y} (Bi-2223) superconducting tapes. Transport current properties of these tapes were enhanced by increasing the packing density of the precursor powder and improving the mechanical deformation condition. A critical current (I{sub c}) of > 35 A in long lengths (> 200 m) tapes has been achieved. In measuring the dependence of critical current density on magnetic field and temperature for the optimally processed tapes, we found a J{sub c} of > 10{sup 4} A/cm{sup 2} at 20 K in magnetic fields up to 3 T and parallel to the c-axis, which is of interest for use in refrigerator-cooled magnets. I{sub c} declined exponentially when an external field was applied perpendicular to the tape surface at 77 K. Mechanical stability was tested for tapes sheathed with pure Ag and Ag-Mg alloy. Tapes made with pure Ag sheathing can withstand a tensile stress of {approx}20 MPa with no detrimental effect on I{sub c} values. Mechanical performance was improved by using Ag-Mg alloy sheathing: values of transport critical current began to decrease at the tensile stress of {approx} 100 MPa. Transport current measurements on tapes wound on a mandrel of 3.81 cm (1.5 in.) diameter at 30{degree} to the longitudinal axis, showed a reduction of {approx} 10% in I{sub c} values for pure Ag-sheathed tapes and 5% reduction in I{sub c} values for Ag-Mg sheathed tapes, compared with the I{sub c} values of as-coiled tapes.

  2. Fabrication and characterization of high-{Tc} tapes and coils made from Ag-clad Bi-2223 superconductors

    SciTech Connect

    Balachandran, U.; Iyer, A.N.; Youngdahl, C.A.; Motowidlo, L.R.; Hoehn, J.G. Jr.; Haldar, P.

    1993-07-01

    Prereacted Pb-doped Bi-Sr-Ca-Cu-0 powders were packed into Ag tubes, drawn, rolled, and given intermediate heat treatment to prepare long lengths of Ag-clad Bi-2223 superconductor tapes. With the use of improved process conditions, transport critical current density (J{sub c}) values exceeding 10{sup 5} A/cm{sup 2} at 4.2 K and 27 K, and greater than 4 {times} 10{sup 4} A/cm{sup 2} at 77 K, were obtained in zero applied field with short tape samples. Detailed microstructural analysis and J{sub c} measurements in applied fields up to 20 T are reported. Rolled tapes were cut into lengths of up to 10 m, and several such tapes were used in parallel to fabricate small superconducting pancake coils by the ``wind-and-react`` technique. Recently, we fabricated a test magnet with six pancake coils, each containing three 10-m lengths of rolled tapes and tested at 4.2, 27, and 77 K as a function of applied fields up to 14.5 T. A maximum generated field of 1.25 T was measured in zero applied field at 4.2 T. Detailed measurements made on the pancake coils and test magnets are reported in this paper.

  3. Advances in fabrication of Ag-clad Bi-2223 superconductors.

    SciTech Connect

    Balachandran, U.

    1998-09-04

    Powder-in-tube (PIT) processing was used to fabricate multifilamentary Ag-clad Bi{sub 2}Sr{sub 2}Ca{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub y} (Bi-2223) superconductors for various electric power applications. Enhancements in the transport current properties of long lengths of multifilament tapes were achieved by increasing the packing density of the precursor powder, improving the mechanical deformation, and adjusting the cooling rate. The dependence of the critical current density on magnetic field and temperature for the optimally processed tapes was measured. J{sub c} was greater than 10{sup 4} (A/cm{sup 2}) at 20 K for magnetic field up to 3 T and parallel to the c-axis which is of interest for use in refrigerator coded magnets. An attempt was made to combine the good alignment of Bi-2223 grains in Ag-sheathed superconducting tapes to obtain high J{sub c} values at high temperature and low field, and good intrinsic pinning of YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7{minus}d} (Y-123) thin film to maintain high J{sub c} values in high fields. A new composite multifilament tape was fabricated such that the central part contained Bi-2223 filaments, with the primary function of conducting the transport current. The central Bi-2223 filaments were surrounded by Y-123 thin film to shield the applied magnetic field and protect the Bi-2223 filaments. The J{sub c} values of the composite tape were better than those of an uncoated tape. In the case of 77 K applications, an I{sub c} of about 60 A was obtained in a 150 m long tape and zero applied magnetic field. In-situ strain characteristics of the mono- and multifilament tapes were conducted.

  4. Magneto-optical investigations of multifilamentary Bi-2223 tapes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Koblischka, M. R.; Johansen, T. H.; Larsen, B. H.; Andersen, N. H.; Wu, H.; Skov-Hansen, P.; Bentzon, M.; Vase, P.

    Flux distributions of multifilamentary Bi-2223 tapes with a varying number of filaments (14 to 55 filaments) are investigated by magneto-optic (MO) imaging at various temperatures (10 ≤ T ≤ 77 K) and in different field orientations (field applied perpendicular to the tape surface and perpendicular to a cross section of the tape). This enables to study differences between the individual filaments in a direct way. From an analysis of the field distributions of the cross sections we obtain important informations concerning the filament quality as a function of position, and the filament coupling.

  5. Enhancement of critical currents in (Bi,Pb){sub 2}Sr{sub 2}Ca{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub y} (Bi-2223) superconducting tapes.

    SciTech Connect

    Balachandran, U.

    1998-11-11

    The performance of (Bi,Pb){sub 2}Sr{sub 2}Ca{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub y} (Bi-2223) superconducting tapes in magnetic fields at 77 K is critical for winding this material into high-field magnets. We have recently enhanced the transport current (I{sub c}) of multifilament Ag-clad Bi-2223 tapes in a self-field at 77 K by increasing the packing density of the precursor powder improving the mechanical deformation, optimizing the conductor design, and adjusting the cooling rate. I{sub c} values of >40 A were obtained repeatedly. However, a transport current of 42 A in a self-field declined to 4 A in a 0.2 T magnetic field applied parallel to the c-axis at 77 K. A new composite tape was then fabricated in which a YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7{minus}{delta}} (Y-123) film was deposited on the top of the Ag-sheathed Bi-2223 tape to shield the applied magnetic field and protect the central Bi-2223 filaments. Magnetization measurements showed that the critical current densities of the Y-123-coated, Ag-sheathed Bi-2223 tapes were higher than those of an uncoated tape. These preliminary results may provide the basis for further improving the processing of long-length Bi-2223 tapes for high-field applications.

  6. Improved microstructure in Ag/Bi-2223 composite tapes by systematic variation of heat treatment parameters

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tang, Y. L.; Miller, D. J.; Baurceanu, R. M.; Maroni, V. A.; Parrella, R. D.

    2002-10-01

    Multifilament-type, silver-sheathed (Bi, Pb)2Sr2Ca2Cu3Ox (Ag/Bi-2223) composite tapes produced by the powder-in-tube (PIT) method were given a first heat treatment that employed either a standard (STD) single oxygen pressure/temperature (pO2/T) set point or a novel variable pO2/T treatment referred to as thermal sliding heat treatment (TSHT). X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy and transmission electron microscopy were employed to provide a comparative analysis of the Bi-2223 grain colony microstructure and connectivity, nonsuperconducting second phase (NSP) composition and distribution, and grain boundary character in the STD- and TSHT-type post-first-heat-treatment Ag/Bi-2223 tape specimens. The dominant NSPs in STD and TSHT specimens were (Ca, Sr)2CuO3, (Ca, Sr)14Cu24O41, and amorphous phases that were randomly distributed in the filaments. The number and size of the NSPs in the STD specimens were sufficient to cause substantial misalignment of Bi-2223 grain colonies throughout the filament cores. However, the TSHT specimens (when compared to the STD specimens) expressed an improved microstructure with fewer/smaller NSPs that were localized mainly in the interior regions of the filaments. Also, the Bi-2223 grain colonies in TSHT specimens were more robust and better aligned from the silver-sheath/Bi-2223 interface to the mid-core region of each filament.

  7. The effect of high-pressure processing on unsealed Bi-2223/Ag tape

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, X. C.; Qu, T.-M.; Zhao, L.; Li, P.; Han, Z.

    2007-10-01

    High-pressure (HP) processing of Ag-sheathed Bi2Si2Ca2Cu3Ox (Bi-2223) tape was investigated. In Bi-2223/Ag tapes, the outer Ag sheath might act as a sealing barrier against the penetration of the high-pressure atmosphere. In this work, short tapes after final heat treatment (FHT) were not sealed hermetically with Ag foil when HP processing was applied. The results show that the average thickness of tapes after HP processing is 2.5% lower than that of FHT tapes. However, the critical current Ic for tapes is not improved by HP processing. There are still many cracks and porosity in the superconducting core and coarse superconducting filaments are sometimes observed in transverse cross section of HP processed tapes.

  8. Research status of the manufacturing technology and application properties of Bi-2223/Ag tapes at Innost

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yi, H. P.; Han, Z.; Zhang, J. S.; Liu, T.; Liu, L.; Li, M. Y.; Fang, J.; Liu, Q.; Zheng, Y. K.

    2004-10-01

    The first production line of Bi-2223/Ag tapes in China has been installed in the end of 2001 with an annual production capacity of 200 km at Innova Superconductor Technology Co., Ltd. (Innost). Bi-2223/Ag tapes can be manufactured reproducibly with length up to 1 km, critical current Ic over 90 A (77 K, 0 T) and engineering critical current density Je over 9 kA/cm 2. Innost's Bi-2223/Ag tapes are being used for producing China's first HTS power cable system (30 m, 3 phase, 35 kV/25 kA), which will be put into trial operation next year. Also, Innost's products will be used for other research projects of HTS applications such as HTS motor, HTS magnet and HTS transformer in China. In order to meet the requirements of HTS applications, tremendous research efforts have been made not only in enhancing the performance and uniformity of the Bi-2223/Ag tapes, but also in improving their application properties, which include reducing AC losses and thermal conductivity, increasing insulating properties and so on. Methods for improving productivity and yield will be also introduced.

  9. Analysis of distribution of critical current of bent-damaged Bi2223 composite tape

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ochiai, S.; Okuda, H.; Sugano, M.; Hojo, M.; Osamura, K.; Kuroda, T.; Kumakura, H.; Kitaguchi, H.; Itoh, K.; Wada, H.

    2011-10-01

    Distributions of critical current of damaged Bi2223 tape specimens bent by 0.6, 0.8 and 1.0% were investigated analytically with a modelling approach based on the correlation of damage evolution to distribution of critical current. It was revealed that the distribution of critical current is described by three parameter Weibull distribution function through the distribution of the tensile damage strain of Bi2223 filaments that determines the damage front in bent-composite tape. Also it was shown that the measured distribution of critical current values can be reproduced successfully by a Monte Carlo simulation using the distributions of tensile damage strain of filaments and original critical current.

  10. Fabrication of joint Bi-2223/Ag superconducting tapes with BSCCO superconducting powders by diffusion bonding

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Guo, Wei; Zou, Guisheng; Wu, Aiping; Zhou, Fangbing; Ren, Jialie

    2010-05-01

    61-Filaments Bi-2223/Ag superconducting tapes have been successfully joined with BSCCO superconducting powder interlayer by diffusion bonding. The electrical properties of the diffusion bonding joints were tested by standard four probe method and the microstructures of the joints were also examined by SEM. Additionally, the phase constituents of the superconducting powders between the tapes before and after bonding process were evaluated by XRD analysis. The result shows that the diffusion bonding joints are superconductive. The microstructures of the joint display a good bonding with no cracks and discontinuities. The joining zones are mainly composed of Bi-2223 phase, Bi-2212 phase and a small amount of CuO, Ca 2PbO 4. At last, the phase transformations of the superconducting powders in the bonding process are discussed.

  11. AC loss in stacks of Bi-2223/Ag tapes modified with ferromagnetic covers at the edges

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Safran, S.; Gömöry, F.; Gencer, Ali

    2010-10-01

    We investigated the magnetization loss of stacked Bi-2223/Ag tapes with a ferromagnetic cover on the edges. Such modification has been found recently to reduce the AC loss of a single tape; however, the behavior in a coil winding could be different. With experiments and numerical calculations we show that a ferromagnetic cover on the edges of a superconducting tape could reduce its magnetization loss also when the tapes are arranged in a stack. The effect is weaker for larger numbers of tapes but nevertheless remained significant in a stack of four tapes, which was the maximum number studied here. The effects observed experimentally are nicely explained by the results of numerical calculations.

  12. The early stages of microstructural development of the colony structure in Bi-2223 tapes.

    SciTech Connect

    Holesinger, T. G.

    2001-01-01

    The current protocol for processing (Bi,Pb)2Sr2Ca2Cu3010-(B i-2223) multifilamentary tapes involves the in situ formation of the primary phase from a suitable mixture of precursor phases. As such, the developments during the first few minutes of heat treatment determine to a large extent the efficiency of primary phase development, competing secondary phase development, texture evolution, and grain-to-grain connectivity. This work documents the development of the liquid phase, secondary phases, defects which may affect alignment and reaction kinetics, and the precipitation of Bi-2223 from the liquid phase.

  13. Recent developments in processing HTS silver-clad Bi-2223 tapes, coils and test magnets

    SciTech Connect

    Haldar, P.; Hoehn, J.G. Jr.; Motowidlo, L.R.; Balachandran, U.; Iwasa, Y.; Yunus, M.

    1993-10-01

    Considerable progress has been made in fabricating Bi-2223 high temperature superconductor (HTS) wires and tapes with high critical current densities that are attractive for electric power and high-field magnet applications. Powder-in-tube processed silver-clad Bi-2223 short tape samples, small coils and test magnets have been fabricated and measured at liquid nitrogen (77K), pumped liquid nitrogen (64 K), liquid neon (27K) and liquid helium (4.2K) temperatures. Optimization of thermo-mechanical process parameters have yielded J{sub c}`s in the superconducting core > 4.0 {times} 10{sup 4} A/cm{sup 2} at 77K zero field and > 2.0 {times} 10{sup 5} A/cm{sup 2} at 4.2K, zero field. Long lengths (up to 70 m) of mono-core conductors were fabricated and tested to carry significant amounts of current (23 A, {approximately}15,000 A/cm{sup 2}) at liquid nitrogen temperature. Recent test magnets assembled from pancake wound coils were measured to generate magnetic fields as high as 2.6, 1.8 and 0.36 Tesla at 4.2K, 27K and 77K respectively. These results show promise towards practical utilization of HTS materials.

  14. Relation of n-value to critical current in bent-damaged Bi2223 composite tape

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ochiai, S.; Okuda, H.; Sugano, M.; Hojo, M.; Osamura, K.; Kuroda, T.; Kumakura, H.; Kitaguchi, H.; Itoh, K.; Wada, H.

    The relation of n-value to critical current of bent-damaged (Bi,Pb)2Sr2Ca2Cu3O10+δ (Bi2223) composite tape was studied experimentally and analytically. The experimental results showed that, under bending strain, the n-value decreased rather slightly with decreasing critical current in comparison with the data obtained under applied tensile strain. The experimentally observed slight decrease in n-value with critical current under bending strain, and the measured changes in critical current and n-value with increasing bending strain, were described satisfactorily by the presented damage evolution model that correlates the extent of damage to variation of bending strain-induced tensile strain in the core along the thickness direction.

  15. Irreversibility line in superconducting Bi-2223 tape wires with silver sheath

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    matsushita, T.; Otabe, E. S.; Kiuchi, M.; Ni, B.; Hikata, T.; Sato, K.

    1992-10-01

    The irreversibility line was measured for three silver-sheathed Bi-2223 tape wires with different critical current densities. It was found that the irreversibility line was shifted to a higher temperature region according to an increasing critical current density. The temperature dependence of the irreversibility line was divided into two regions. In the lower temperature region the irreversibility line strongly depends on the temperature, while the dependence at higher temperatures is weaker and is similar to that observed for Y-Ba-Cu-O. Such a difference is considered to be due to different pinning mechanisms. Nonsuperconducting particles observed microscopically are expected to be responsible for a pinning interaction, contributing to the enhancement of the irreversibility line at high temperatures. This possibility is clarified by comparison of the observed irreversibility line with theoretical prediction.

  16. Investigate on the application of elliptical drawing dies during the manufacturing process of Bi-2223/Ag superconducting tapes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liu, R.; Qu, T.-M.; Zhang, J.-S.; Song, X.-H.; Liang, T.; Liu, Q.; Han, Z.

    2008-09-01

    Elliptical drawing (ED) dies were used during the manufacturing process of Bi-2223/Ag superconducting tapes and their influence on the tapes’ homogeneity and critical currents ( Ic) has been investigated. By comparing two types of HTS tapes drawn by ED dies and a set of reference round dies, we found that the ED process can improve the qualities of the rolled tapes, such as improving the homogeneity of both the center and the peripheral filaments of the tapes, reducing the micro-cracks caused by the rolling process. Thus, the ED process can increase the Ic and engineering critical current density ( Je) values of HTS tapes.

  17. Three stage behavior in stress-elongation curve of multifilamentary Bi2223 tapes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Osamura, K.; Sugano, M.

    2002-05-01

    Complicated stresses are exerted in the PIT processed Bi2223 tapes during the winding stage of magnet manufacturing process and large electromagnetic forces are applied during its operation. Therefore the knowledge of mechanical properties is crucial for the practical application. The tapes consisting of multi-oxide-filaments with the metal matrix show a three stage behavior. The first elastic region (stage I) is very narrow and followed by the stage II, where the slope of stress-elongation curve decreased gradually. Then the macroscopic yield and the plastic deformation over the whole tape took place in stage III. When the change of electric voltage was simultaneously monitored, the voltage turned on to increase from the beginning of stage II and its increasing rate accelerated in the stage III. Their change is related to the formation of microcracks and the macroscopic fracture in the oxide layer, respectively. The yield strength is known to be strengthened greatly by using the silver alloy matrix. However, it should be noted that an irreversible degradation in the oxide layer starts from the beginning of stage II prior to the macroscopic yield.

  18. Bending strain characteristics of Ag/Bi(2223) tapes at liquid nitrogen temperature

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Katagiri, K.; Hiroi, K.; Kasaba, K.; Asoh, T.; Kuroda, T.; Itoh, K.; Wada, H.; Shin, H. S.

    2004-10-01

    Bending strain dependence of critical current, Ic, of Ag/Bi-2223 57 filament tapes was investigated at 77 K and room temperature, RT, using a device invented by Goldacker. The strain where Ic start to degrade steeply at 77 K, 0.48%, was larger than that at RT, 0.36%. This is an indication of an additional pre-compression in filaments to be bent at 77 K compared with that at RT. According to the voltage measurements using multiple taps in the longitudinal direction, the Ic degradation behaviors at both temperatures varied depending on the section in the tape, due presumably to the difference in the crack propagation characteristics associated with the non-uniformity of the micro-structure. The onset strain for Ic degradation was more precisely determined. The degradation characteristics were shifted to the smaller strain in the present result as compared with that obtained by bending tests using G10 sample holders of different bending radius. The difference can be explained by the different thermal history on setting specimens to the holder and the constraints during cooling. The repeated bending tests at 77 K showed that the discrimination between the gradual and steep degradation stages was clear and the degradation was controlled by both the maximum strain and the strain range.

  19. Mechanical properties of Bi2223 filaments extracted from multifilamentary tape evaluated by the single-fibre tensile test

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sugano, Michinaka; Osamura, Kozo; Hojo, Masaki

    2003-05-01

    The Young's modulus and the tensile fracture strength of Bi2223 filaments extracted from multifilamentary tape have been evaluated using the single-fibre tensile test; they are estimated to be 106 GPa and 45 MPa, respectively. The distribution of the fracture strength can be analysed using the Weibull distribution function. It was found that the observed scatter of strength is very large compared with other superconducting filaments such as NbTi and Nb3Al. The Young's modulus was nearly identical with the estimated values based on the rule of mixture from the unload/reload modulus.

  20. Change of the V I curve and critical current with applied tensile strain due to cracking of filaments in Bi2223 composite tape

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shin, J. K.; Ochiai, S.; Okuda, H.; Sugano, M.; Oh, S. S.

    2008-11-01

    The critical current at 77 K of multifilamentary Bi2223 composite tape was studied under applied tensile strain experimentally and analytically. Beyond the irreversible strain, the critical currents (IC) decreased significantly with increasing applied tensile strain (ɛc), due to the enhanced cracking of the Bi2223 filaments. The voltage generation in the voltage-current relation was calculated by the current share model in which the transport current is shared by the Bi2223 filament and Ag near the cracked portion. Then the critical current was estimated with a 1 µV cm-1 criterion. By the application of the current share model to the experimental result, the effective crack length responsible for the reduction in critical current was estimated, with which the change of critical current could be described satisfactorily as a function of applied strain.

  1. A Monte Carlo simulation on critical current distribution of bent-damaged multifilamentary Bi2223 composite tape

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ochiai, S.; Okuda, H.; Fujimoto, M.; Shin, J. K.; Oh, S. S.; Ha, D. W.

    2011-11-01

    It was attempted to reproduce the measured critical current ( I c) distributions of the Bi2223 composite tape bent by 0-0.833% by simulation. Simulation was carried out with a Monte Carlo method in combination with a model that correlates the critical current to damage evolution. Two variables that differ from specimen to specimen were input in the simulation. One was the damage strain parameter, with which the difference in extent of damage among specimens was expressed. Another was the original critical current ( I c0) values at zero bending strain. With the present simulation approach, the measured distributions of critical current at various bending strains, and the measured variations of average and coefficient of variation of critical current values with increasing bending strain were reproduced well.

  2. Transport currents in Bi-2223/Ag tapes made using the tape-in-rectangular tube process, current distribution and Ic stress degradation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kovác, P.; Husek, I.; Melisek, T.; Metz, A.; van Eck, H. J. N.; ten Haken, B.

    2002-04-01

    Using the tape-in-rectangular tube (TIRT) process, we have made multi-core Bi-2223/Ag tapes with various numbers of filaments (10-162), and with different filament architectures and orientations. We have measured the angular dependence of the transport current of the tape samples with 'parallel' and 'perpendicular' filaments. The transversal Ic distribution obtained by spatially resolved transport measurements ('magnetic knife') illustrates that the filament quality of the TIRT tapes is better at the tape edges than in the centre. The tapes were stressed by two types of tensioning set-up (a short straight sample and a U-shaped spring) and by bending at 77 K. The Ic degradation shows different behaviour for parallel and perpendicular filaments, which is attributed to the difference in filament density and crack propagation.

  3. Analysis of the correlation between n-value and critical current in bent multifilamentary Bi2223 composite tape based on a damage evolution model

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ochiai, S.; Okuda, H.; Fujimoto, M.; Shin, J.-K.; Sugano, M.; Hojo, M.; Osamura, K.; Oh, S. S.; Ha, D. W.

    2012-05-01

    The change in n-value and critical current with bending strain and the relation of n-value to critical current of bending-damaged Bi2223 composite tape were studied experimentally and analytically. The n-value of the bending-damaged Bi2223 filamentary composite tape decreased very slightly with increasing bending strain and with decreasing critical current, in comparison with that of tension-damaged tape. To describe the experimental result for bending-damaged tape, a damage evolution model was applied in which the steep tensile-strain variation in the thickness direction, the shape of the core into which the superconducting filaments are bundled and the damage strain parameters obtained from the analysis of the tensile stress-strain curve were incorporated. The measured change in n-value and critical current with bending strain and the relation of n-value to critical current under applied bending strain were described satisfactorily by the present approach.

  4. Effect of SnO, MgO and Ag2O Mix-doping on the Formation and Superconducting Properties of Bi-2223 Ag/tapes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lu, X. Y.; Yi, D.; Chen, H.; Nagata, A.

    The Ag/tapes with the composition Bi1.8Pb0.4Sr1.9Ca2.1Cu3.5Oy + x wt% SnO + y wt% MgO + z wt% Ag2O (x = 0, 0.2, 0.4; y = 0, 0.2; z = 0, 0.2) were prepared by sintering at 835°C for 120 h after partial-melting at 845°C for 1 h. The individual SnO doping, SnO and Ag2O mix-doping, and SnO and MgO mix-doping all decrease the conversion of Bi-2212 phase to Bi-2223 phase. The tape with individual 0.4 wt% SnO doping shows the lowest conversion and the lowest critical current density. However, the SnO, MgO and Ag2O mix-doping increase the conversion of Bi-2212 phase to Bi-2223 phase. The tape with 0.2 wt% SnO, 0.2 wt% MgO and 0.2 wt%Ag2O mix-doping shows the highest proportion of Bi-2223 phase and the highest critical current density.

  5. Modeling of the bending strain dependence of the critical current in Bi2223/Ag composite tapes based on the damage stress of the superconducting filament

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gou, Xiaofan; Shen, Qiang

    2012-05-01

    An analysis model of the bending strain dependence of the critical current in multifilamentary Bi2223/Ag composite tapes is presented. To investigate the effect of the mechanical properties of the Bi2223 superconducting filament, the actual part for carrying current, its damage stress and elastic modulus are introduced. The calculated result of the variation of the critical current with the bending strain is well agreed with the experimental one. The further studies find that the mechanical properties of the filament have a remarkable effect on the bending strain dependence of the critical current. Specifically, the larger the damage stress and elastic modulus of the filament are, the higher the critical current is, when the bending strain increases to a larger value beyond the critical one.

  6. Study of flux entry and exit into Bi-2223 multifilamentary tapes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Koblischka, M. R.; Johansen, T. H.; Bratsberg, H.; Vase, P.

    1998-05-01

    Using magneto-optic imaging, the flux entry and exit into a piece of Ag-sheathed 0953-2048/11/5/007/img7 multifilamentary tape are studied in an applied magnetic field. In low fields the shielding currents are seen to flow mostly in the outermost filaments. With increasing external magnetic field, the inner filaments also contribute to the current flow. In the remanent state, the flux is confined to the tape centre and is not pinned in each filament independently. The magneto-optic flux patterns obtained reveal that the filaments in the tape are coupled together, which enables the currents to flow around defects within the filaments.

  7. Heavy ion irradiation of Bi-2223 silver-clad tapes for superconducting current density enhancement

    SciTech Connect

    Malozcnoff, A.P.; Carter, W.L.; Riley, G.N. Jr.; Wheeler, R. IV; Kirk, M.A.; Civale, L.; Marwick, A.D.

    1993-07-01

    Silver-clad composite tapes of Bi(Pb)SrCaCuO-2223 were irradiated with 1 GeV Au{sup 23+} ions perpendicular to the tape plane, creating columnar tracks with 10 nm diameter. Detailed transmission electron microscopy shows continuous columns, but with variations in the track thickness of +/{minus}2 nm. Magnetic hystersis measurements show substantial enhancement of superconducting current density at most temperatures and fields. Granular and nongranular models for the origin of the magnetic signals are discussed. The results indicate the potential for further performance improvement in high temperature superconducting wire technology, as well as limits in the high-field performance at 77 K.

  8. Progress in development of tapes and magnets made from Bi-2223 superconductors

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Balachandran, U.; Iyer, A. N.; Haldar, P.; Hoehn, J. G., Jr.; Motowidlo, L. R.

    1995-01-01

    Long lengths of (Bi,Pb)2Sr2Ca2Cu3O(x) tapes made by powder-in-tube processing have been wound into coils. Performance of the coils has been measured at temperatures of 4.2 to 77 K, and microstructures have been examined by x-ray diffraction and electron microscopy and then related to superconducting properties. A summary of recent results and an overview of future goals are presented.

  9. Influence of test methods on critical current degradation of Bi-2223/Ag superconductor tapes by bending strain

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kuroda, Tsuneo; Katagiri, Kazumune; Shin, Hyung-Seop; Itoh, Kikuo; Kumakura, Hiroaki; Wada, Hitoshi

    2005-12-01

    The results of two test methods were compared among three laboratories to determine a standard measurement method of critical current (Ic) as a function of bending strain for Ag-sheathed Bi-2223 superconductors. The VAMAS round-robin-test method (RRT) and the bending-rig method developed by Goldacker were used. The Ic degradation started with less bending strain for RRT than for bending-rig. Average irreversible strains (ɛirr) were 0.30% for RRT and 0.37% for bending-rig. Another test identified parameters that affected the results. A modified RRT method, with a current connection between the sample and the electrode, was used to avoid some thermal stresses of the test procedure. The ɛirr values increased to the level of the bending-rig, but the modified RRT Ic degradation rate with bending strain was higher. The stress states during sample bending differed between these methods. The shear stress was examined as a source of the Ic degradation rate differences with strain in terms of the crack propagation and delamination defects of oxide filaments from the Ag sheath.

  10. A new structural powder/wire-in-tube (PWIT) Ag-sheathed multifilamentary Bi-2223 tape and its superconducting properties

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zeng, R.; Liu, H. K.; Dou, S. X.

    1998-05-01

    A new design of macrostructural multifilamentary tapes has been developed by parking powder and composite wires into the silver tube (PWIT) at the second stage of the powder-in-tube (PIT) process. The critical current Jc and the strain tolerance for this PWIT multifilamentary tape were significantly improved in comparison with the PIT multifilamentary tapes. The enhancement of both Jc and the strain tolerance are attributable to the increased interface between Ag and oxide superconductor. We have introduced a simple concept of the periphery length of the Ag/superconductor interface per unit area in the cross-section of tapes ( E) and have compared its properties in PWIT and PIT tapes. Both Jc and the strain tolerance were improved with increasing E. This was attributed to the improved grain alignment and crack elimination at the Ag/superconductor interface. The Jc- B properties and the Jc-strain characteristic of two tapes have been compared.

  11. Combined magnetic screen made of Bi-2223 bulk cylinder and YBCO tape rings—Modeling and experiments

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tomków, Ł.; Ciszek, M.; Chorowski, M.

    2015-01-01

    Recent advances in the measurements with sensitive magnetic field sensors made the issue of magnetic shielding important. The application of high temperature superconductors allows to obtain full shielding in zero field cooling conditions for DC and low frequency magnetic fields by the means of the Meissner effect. However, currently used conventional bulk magnetic shields maintain full shielding only in low magnetic fields—up to approximately 10 mT. In this paper, it is proposed to apply an additional screen made of a coated superconducting tape in order to increase the magnetic field interval of full shielding region. Computer model of such set of screens was created in Matlab and validated experimentally. Improvement of shielding quality was observed experimentally and calculated with the model.

  12. Fabrication of Yb-123 Tapes

    SciTech Connect

    Athur, S.; Balachandran, U.; Salama, K.

    2000-11-15

    While Bi-2223 tapes have been the workhorses of the superconductor industry, their poor performance in applied magnetic fields restrict their use to below 30 K. Melt-processing of Ag-clad Yb-123 PIT tapes offers a simple and scalable technique for fabricating long-length HTS conductors capable of being used at 77 K. Under reduced oxygen partial pressure, the peritectic temperature of Yb-123 is below the melting point of Ag, and this facilitates the adaptation of melt-texturing methods for fabricating these tapes. The effect of melt-processing temperature on current density was also explored; a temperature of 965 C yielded optimal critical current values. The critical current density achieved at 4.2 K was 20,000 A/cm{sup 2}, corresponding to a critical current of 52 A. Based on the above results, an optimal processing zone for melt-processing of Ag-clad Yb-123 tapes was determined. These results hold promise for melt-processing of Ag-clad Yb-123 tapes as an alternative to Bi-2223 PIT technology.

  13. Observation of self-magnetic field relaxations in Bi2223 and Y123 HTS tapes after over-current pulse and DC current operation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tallouli, M.; Sun, J.; Chikumoto, N.; Otabe, E. S.; Shyshkin, O.; Charfi-Kaddour, S.; Yamaguchi, S.

    2016-07-01

    The development of power transmission lines based on long-length HTS tapes requires the production of high quality tapes. Due to fault conditions, technical mistakes and human errors during the operation of a DC power transmission line, an over-current pulse, several times larger than the rated current, could occur. To study the effect of such over-current pulses on the transport current density distribution in the HTS tapes, we simulated two start-up scenarios for one BSCCO and two YBCO tapes. The first start-up scenario is an initial over-current pulse during which the transport current was turned on rapidly, rising to 900 A during the first milliseconds, then reduced to a 100 A DC current. The second start-up scenario is normal operation, and involved increasing the transport current slowly from 0 A to 100 A at a rate of 1 A/s. For both scenarios, we then measured the vertical component of the self-magnetic field by means of a Hall probe above the tape, and afterward, by solving a linear equation of the inverse problem we obtain the current density profiles. We observe a change of the self-magnetic field above the edge of the BSCCO and YBCO tapes during 30 min after the 5 ms of over-current pulse and during the normal operation. The current density profiles are peaked in the centre for over-current pulse, and more peaked around the edge of the HTS tape for normal operation, which means that the limited time over-current pulse changes the current density profiles of the HTS tapes. We observe also a loop of current for YBCO tapes and we show the role of the HTS tape stabilizer.

  14. Development and fabrication of a Bi-2223 racetrack coil for generator applications

    SciTech Connect

    Herd, K.G.; Salasoo, L.; Laskaris, E.T.; Ranze, R.A.; King, C.G.; Haldar, P.; Hoehn, J.G.

    1996-12-31

    The development and fabrication of a layer-wound, epoxy-impregnated Bi-2223 high-temperature superconducting (HTS) racetrack coil which generates 40,000 ampere-turns of magnetomotive force (MMF) at 25 K is described. The coil was wound using Ag-sheathed Bi-2223 tape conductor laminated with copper foils for strength enhancement and insulated using a paper-wrap method. After epoxy impregnation, the coil was tested over a range of 16--25 K in a vacuum dewar using a closed-cycle helium refrigeration system. Descriptions of the tape lamination and insulation processing, the coil winding and impregnation, and the experimental test setup are given.

  15. RAPID COMMUNICATION: Optimum working temperature of power devices based on Bi-2223 superconductors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Oomen, M. P.; ten Haken, B.; Leghissa, M.; Rieger, J.

    2000-10-01

    Transformers, motors and magnets based on Bi-2223 tapes have an optimum working temperature where the sum of investment and exploitation costs has a minimum. The investment cost is lower at temperatures below 77 K due to the higher critical current of the superconductor. The exploitation cost is mainly determined by the ac loss, which is dominated by the magnetization loss. The magnetization loss of a Bi-2223 tape at 48 Hz is measured for various temperatures between 65 and 77 K. The temperature dependence of the magnetization loss is fully explained by the change in critical current and agrees with the critical-state model. At high magnetic-field amplitudes the magnetization loss normalized with the critical current is independent of the temperature. Nevertheless, at lower temperatures the exploitation cost is higher due to the higher cooling penalty factor. A relation for the optimum temperature is developed, based on realistic expressions for the cooling penalty factor and the critical current as a function of the temperature. The influence of the other relevant parameters is summarized into a single dimensionless number. It is concluded that the optimum temperature of a power device based on Bi-2223 tapes is in the range 65-75 K.

  16. High energy proton irradiation induced pinning centers in Bi-2212 and Bi-2223 superconductors

    SciTech Connect

    Willis, J.O.; Safar, H.; Cho, J.H.

    1995-12-01

    Bi-2212 single crystals and Bi-2223/Ag-sheathed tapes were irradiated with high energy protons. TEM images reveal the production of randomly oriented (splayed) columnar defects with an amorphous core of {approximately}10 nm diameter caused by the fissioning of Bi nuclei. The critical current density J{sub c} and irreversibility line both substantially increased with the proton dose for both crystals and tapes, especially for the magnetic field parallel to the c axis. An irradiated tape had a J{sub c} value {approximately}100 times greater than that of an unirradiated one at 1 T and 75 K.

  17. AC magnetic susceptibility of Bi2223-system

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kimishima, Y.; Inagaki, K.; Tanabe, K.; Nagata, N.; Ichiyanagi, Y.

    1998-01-01

    The AC magnetic susceptibilities χ AC of a Bi2223 sintered sample were measured by the Hartshorn bridge method. The linear AC χ' 0 showed the two-steps behavior at T C1 and T C2, where T C1 > T C2. The χ'0-data between T C1 and T C2 has no H AC-dependence and agreed well with those of powder specimen, and they can be regarded as the intragrain magnetic susceptibility. Below the inter-grain transition temperature T C2 the χ″ 0 showed a positive peak. The temperature dependence of χ' 0 and χ″ 0 were analyzed by the Bean's critical-state model. As a result, the temperature dependence of critical current density J C ∝ (1 - T/T C2) β was obtained with β = 2.3-2.6. The non-linear χ' 2 and χ″ 2 below T C2 resemble the behaviors derived from the Bean model, but the negative divergence of χ' 2 may show the evidence of d-wave paring in the present Bi2223-system.

  18. Limiting current mechanisms of Bi2223 wires in magnetic fields

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kobayashi, S.; Yamade, S.; Kikuchi, M.; Yamazaki, K.; Fujikami, J.; Ayai, N.; Hayashi, K.; Sato, K.; Hata, R.; Kitaguti, H.

    2008-05-01

    Controlled overpressure (CT-OP) processing eliminates pores and heals cracks, which densifies the Bi2223 filaments and increases the critical current of Ag-sheathed Bi2223 wire. High current capacity wires with critical current values around 210 A at 77 K and self-field have been achieved. The enhancement of the current capacity seems to be due to reducing the weak links between Bi2223 grains and improving the flux pinning. In order to understand the mechanisms for transport critical current in Bi2223 wires, the dependence of the critical current on magnetic field and temperature has been investigated. The critical current is measured as a function of the perpendicular and parallel magnetic fields, up to 12 T, at temperatures ranging from 4.2 to 90 K. These results indicate that higher critical current is associated with highly textured and well connected Bi2223 grains. To further improve a critical current of Bi2223 wires, it is necessary to decrease the misalignment angle and reduce the fraction of Bi2212 and secondary phases.

  19. Effect of bending and tension on the voltage-current relation of Bi-2223/Ag

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ahoranta, Maria; Lehtonen, Jorma; Kováč, Pavol; Hušek, Imrich; Melišek, Tibor

    2004-01-01

    The critical current in a strained HTS tape degrades due to filament cracking. Here, the voltage-current characteristics of bent and tensioned Bi-2223/Ag tapes have been measured. In the case of tension the voltage characteristics were also measured over different sections of the sample to obtain local curves. Because the crack formation is stochastic the influence of stress on the distribution of the critical current along the tape length is studied with statistical methods. Attention is paid on the effect of different stress distribution caused by bending and tension. Because the local properties cannot be uniquely determined from the measured voltage-current characteristics the limits of applicability for these models are discussed. In the analysis emphasis is put on the dynamic n-value.

  20. Réactions chimiques et courant de transport dans la phase Bi2223

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Duperray, G.; Legat, D.; Savary, H.

    1994-11-01

    To get high transport capacities in magnetic field with Ag sheathed conductors, the Bi2223 phase must be free of residual phases, well-crystallized, the lamellas being parallel with the current lines and very dense. In a research context on multifilamentary conductor, a preliminary study has been done on bulk material (1 × 4 × 40 mm^3 bars) to optimize the frabrication parameters of the multifilamentary tapes. A lot of samples, corresponding to the different operating conditions have been electrically characterized and analyzed by EDS so as to get some correlations between microstructure and superconducting performances : determination, concentration and repartition of residual phases, crystallinity, orientation and compacity of the Bi2223 phase. We also examined the interactions between the " refractory phases ", (Ca, Sr)2CuO3 ; (Ca, Sr) CuO2, ; CuO and the liquid phase, Bi2212 enriched with Bi and Sr + (Ca, Sr)2PbO4 which promote the recombination into pure and well recristallized Bi2223 phase. Maximum transport current capacities at 77 K-O T were 11 A/mm^2 for a commercial powder and 17 A/mm^2 (47 A) for a laboratory type powder, the values being around 50 A/mm^2 for the corresponding multifilamentary conductors. Pour qu'un fil supraconducteur gainé d'argent présente une capacité de transport de courant élevée ainsi qu'une bonne tenue sous champ, il faut que la phase Bi2223 soit exempte de phases résiduelles, soit bien cristallisée en feuillets orientés dans le sens de passage du courant et soit compacte. Dans le contexte d'une recherche sur les conducteurs multifilamentaires, nous avons mené une étude préliminaire sur matériau massif (barrettes de 1 × 4 × 40 mm^3) afin de déterminer les conditions physicochimiques optimales de fabrication de brins multifilamentaires. Un grand nombre d'échantillons, correspondant à différentes conditions opératoires et caractérisés électriquement, ont été analysés par EDS de façon à corréler les

  1. Time evolution of phase composition and microstructure in the Ag/Bi-2223 composite superconductor heat-treated at specific pO2/temperature set points

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Baurceanu, R. M.; Maroni, V. A.; Merchant, N. N.; Fischer, A. K.; McNallan, M. J.; Parrella, R. D.

    2002-07-01

    The time evolution of the phases present in the ceramic cores of silver-sheathed (Bi, Pb)2Sr2Ca2Cu3Ox (Ag/Bi-2223) multifilament superconducting tapes heat-treated at selected oxygen partial pressure/temperature (pO2/T) set points was investigated using scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive spectroscopy coupled with computer-based image processing methods. The numerical values for individual phase contents and non-superconducting second phase (NSP) size distributions generated in this way were used to quantify the temporal evolution of composition in the variably treated Ag/Bi-2223 tapes. Results for the three pO2/T set points investigated (21.0% O2/835 °C, 7.5% O2/825 °C and 4.0% O2/815 °C) revealed characteristic patterns of recurring maxima and minima in the time evolution of the NSPs. (Ca, Sr)14Cu24O41 was found to be the stable phase at 21.0% O2/835 °C, possibly evolving as a co-product of the Bi-2223 formation reaction, while (Ca, Sr)2CuO3 and CuO were stable at 4.0% O2/815 °C, presumably as a consequence of competitive secondary reactions proceeding in parallel with Bi-2223 formation. The best-aligned grains were formed in Ag/Bi-2223 tapes treated at 21.0% O2/835 °C, while the best conversion to Bi-2223, together with the least amount of NSP particles >0.5 μm in major dimension, was produced by the 7.5% O2/825 °C treatment. A forward-looking conclusion of the study is that it appears possible to minimize the amount and size of NSP particles during Ag/Bi-2223 heat treatment by using a combinatorial sequence of appropriately timed pO2/T set points.

  2. Comparison of growth texture in round Bi2212 and flat Bi2223 wires and its relation to high critical current density development

    SciTech Connect

    Kametani, F.; Jiang, J.; Matras, M.; Abraimov, D.; Hellstrom, E. E.; Larbalestier, D. C.

    2015-02-10

    Why Bi₂Sr₂CaCu₂Ox (Bi2212) allows high critical current density Jc in round wires rather than only in the anisotropic tape form demanded by all other high temperature superconductors is important for future magnet applications. Here we compare the local texture of state-of-the-art Bi2212 and Bi2223 ((Bi,Pb)₂Sr₂Ca₂Cu₃O₁₀), finding that round wire Bi2212 generates a dominant a-axis growth texture that also enforces a local biaxial texture (FWHM <15°) while simultaneously allowing the c-axes of its polycrystals to rotate azimuthally along and about the filament axis so as to generate macroscopically isotropic behavior. By contrast Bi2223 shows only a uniaxial (FWHM <15°) c-axis texture perpendicular to the tape plane without any in-plane texture. Consistent with these observations, a marked, field-increasing, field-decreasing Jc(H) hysteresis characteristic of weak-linked systems appears in Bi2223 but is absent in Bi2212 round wire. Growth-induced texture on cooling from the melt step of the Bi2212 Jc optimization process appears to be the key step in generating this highly desirable microstructure.

  3. Comparison of growth texture in round Bi2212 and flat Bi2223 wires and its relation to high critical current density development

    DOE PAGESBeta

    Kametani, F.; Jiang, J.; Matras, M.; Abraimov, D.; Hellstrom, E. E.; Larbalestier, D. C.

    2015-02-10

    Why Bi₂Sr₂CaCu₂Ox (Bi2212) allows high critical current density Jc in round wires rather than only in the anisotropic tape form demanded by all other high temperature superconductors is important for future magnet applications. Here we compare the local texture of state-of-the-art Bi2212 and Bi2223 ((Bi,Pb)₂Sr₂Ca₂Cu₃O₁₀), finding that round wire Bi2212 generates a dominant a-axis growth texture that also enforces a local biaxial texture (FWHM <15°) while simultaneously allowing the c-axes of its polycrystals to rotate azimuthally along and about the filament axis so as to generate macroscopically isotropic behavior. By contrast Bi2223 shows only a uniaxial (FWHM <15°) c-axis texturemore » perpendicular to the tape plane without any in-plane texture. Consistent with these observations, a marked, field-increasing, field-decreasing Jc(H) hysteresis characteristic of weak-linked systems appears in Bi2223 but is absent in Bi2212 round wire. Growth-induced texture on cooling from the melt step of the Bi2212 Jc optimization process appears to be the key step in generating this highly desirable microstructure.« less

  4. Comparison of growth texture in round Bi2212 and flat Bi2223 wires and its relation to high critical current density development

    PubMed Central

    Kametani, F.; Jiang, J.; Matras, M.; Abraimov, D.; Hellstrom, E. E.; Larbalestier, D. C.

    2015-01-01

    Why Bi2Sr2CaCu2Ox (Bi2212) allows high critical current density Jc in round wires rather than only in the anisotropic tape form demanded by all other high temperature superconductors is important for future magnet applications. Here we compare the local texture of state-of-the-art Bi2212 and Bi2223 ((Bi,Pb)2Sr2Ca2Cu3O10), finding that round wire Bi2212 generates a dominant a-axis growth texture that also enforces a local biaxial texture (FWHM <15°) while simultaneously allowing the c-axes of its polycrystals to rotate azimuthally along and about the filament axis so as to generate macroscopically isotropic behavior. By contrast Bi2223 shows only a uniaxial (FWHM <15°) c-axis texture perpendicular to the tape plane without any in-plane texture. Consistent with these observations, a marked, field-increasing, field-decreasing Jc(H) hysteresis characteristic of weak-linked systems appears in Bi2223 but is absent in Bi2212 round wire. Growth-induced texture on cooling from the melt step of the Bi2212 Jc optimization process appears to be the key step in generating this highly desirable microstructure. PMID:25666114

  5. Bi-2223 HTS winding in toroidal configuration for SMES coil

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kondratowicz-Kucewicz, B.; Janowski, T.; Kozak, S.; Kozak, J.; Wojtasiewicz, G.; Majka, M.

    2010-06-01

    Energy can be stored in the magnetic field of a coil. Superconducting Magnetic Energy Storage (SMES) is very promising as a power storage system for load levelling or power stabilizer. However, the strong electromagnetic force caused by high magnetic field and large coil current is a problem in SMES systems. A toroidal configuration would have a much less extensive external magnetic field and electromagnetic forces in winding. The paper describes the design of HTS winding for SMES coil in modular toroid configuration consist of seven Bi-2223 double-pancakes as well as numerical analysis of SMES magnet model using FLUX 3D package. As the results of analysis the paper presents the optimal coil configuration and the parameters such as radius of toroidal magnet, energy stored in magnet and magnetic field distribution.

  6. Bi-2223: prospects for further developments in critical current performance

    SciTech Connect

    Holesinger, T. G.; Bingert, J. F.

    2001-01-01

    Bi-2223 is the available high temperature superconductor (HTS) conductor. It is being made in long lengths in significant quantities to serve increasingly large and more diverse applications. Strong near term prospects for significant applications, particularly for power cables, are leading to major production capacity scale up, a very significant factor in decreasing conductor cost. To supply recent large project conductor runs has required much successful attention to details of piece length, performance uniformity, yield and reproducibility. Study of the basic materials science of such conductors is particularly valuable because the lessons learned are on state-of-the-art materials and have direct production relevance. The present state of recent studies of high performance conductors within the Wire Development Group is briefly discussed.

  7. Superconducting and Mechanical Properties of Bi-2223/Metal Alloy Wires Composite Bulk

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yoshizawa, S.; Hirano, S.; Oya-Seimiya, Y.; Hishinuma, Y.; Nishimura, A.

    2006-03-01

    Bi-2223 sintered bulk samples with addition of AgMg wires or Ag-plated Ni wires have been prepared to improve both the superconducting and the mechanical properties, simultaneously. When 24 AgMg wires of 0.4 mm in diameter were added into Bi-2223 bulk composite sample, the critical current density (Jc) at 77 K increased from 2 A/mm2 to 7 A/mm2. The mechanical properties have been estimated by a three-point bending test. The maximum bending stress of 70 - 90 MPa at the rupture was obtained for Bi-2223/metal wires composite bulk, regardless of the number of the wires. After the maximum bending stress, Bi-2223 bulk without metal wires fractured separately, while the composite did not fracture but fine cracks were induced only. The Jc values of the composites just after the fracture were about half of the Jc value in the composites without bending. It has been observed that the superconducting current flows even after cracking, in Bi-2223 bulk with metal wires. This is due to the fact that metal wires suppress progress of fine cracks just after the fracture, while the superconducting current flows in the uncracked region. This current still remaining after the fracture is a very important feature for the applications.

  8. Fabrication of superconducting joints for Ag-clad BSCCO conductors

    SciTech Connect

    Iyer, A.N.; Huang, J.Y.; Jammy, R.

    1995-07-01

    Potential applications of high-T{sub c} superconductors include motors, generators, transmission cables, magnets, etc. At present, resistive connections are used to connect various high-T{sub c} components for such applications. However, to improve efficiency, it is imperative that the resistive connection be replaced by a true superconducting joint. Using a novel etching technique, we have fabricated superconducting lap and butt joints between Ag-clad BSCCO conductors. The Ag sheath from one side of the tape was selectively etched to expose the underlying superconductor core. Joints were formed by bringing the two tapes together and heat treating them. Detailed microstructural analysis and current transport measurements of the joints have been performed. Critical current (I{sub c}) through a monofilament lap- and butt-joint were 10 and 23 A, respectively. I{sub c} within the joint for mono- and multifilament conductors were 37 and 21 A, respectively. Additionally, effects of various joint configurations, processing techniques, and strain on the transport property of the joint are also being studied.

  9. International round robin test of the retained critical current after double bending at room temperature of Ag-sheathed Bi-2223 superconducting wires

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yamada, Y.; Nishijima, G.; Osamura, K.; Shin, H. S.; Goldacker, W.; Breschi, M.; Ribani, P.

    2016-02-01

    An international round robin test was carried out in order to establish a test method for retained critical current after double bending at room temperature of Ag-sheathed Bi-2223 superconducting wires. Tests for commercial Bi-2223 tape were conducted by six laboratories using the same guidelines. The standard uncertainties (SUs) of measurands were evaluated for these four quantities: I C0, I C/I C080, I C/I C060, I C/I C050, where, I C0 is initial critical current and I C /I C0XX is critical current after XX mm bending. Using an F test to determine where the most scatter was generated in the test results it was found that the greatest scatter in the normalized critical current measurements came from inter-laboratory scatter. In a type-B uncertainty evaluation, the major contribution was from the bending diameter and measuring temperature. The relative SU tended to increase as the bending diameter decreased. A specific mandrel diameter corresponding to a retained critical current of 95% could be determined with a relative SU of 1.3%. In order to reduce the overall scatter, the temperature difference between the critical current measurements before and after bending should be small.

  10. Recent Progress in High Performance Ag-Sheathed Bi2223 Wire (DI-BSCCO®)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kagiyama, T.; Yamazaki, K.; Kikuchi, M.; Yamade, S.; Nakashima, T.; Kobayashi, S.; Hayashi, K.; Sato, K.; Shimoyama, J.; Inoue, M.; Higashikawa, K.; Kiss, T.; Kitaguchi, H.; Kumakura, H.

    2011-10-01

    Sumitomo Electric has been developing the silver-sheathed Bi2223 multi-filamentary wires since the discovery of Bi-based superconductors. DI-BSCCO is the high performance wires produced using the controlled-overpressure (CT-OP) sintering technique. The present commercial DI-BSCCO can provide the uniform high critical current, Ic, up to 180 A with length over 2000 m, and recently 200 A were succeeded to be obtained by the same kind of 1000 m length wires, resulting from the improvement and control of the microstructure in Bi2223 multi-filaments. The short trial wires of several meters have exhibited the highest Ic over 240 A at 77K in self-field (corresponding to 580 A per 1 cm-width). Besides, the optimization of carrier density after CT-OP led to further enhancement of Ic, reached 250 A. All the derivative products also have uniform critical current properties over entire length even after lamination with the reinforcing metals. The performances of DI-BSCCO can meet the growing needs for various application of high temperature superconductor like high in-field applications, such as magnets and motors. The recent progress in transport properties of commercial DI-BSCCO and R&D short trial wires is shown.

  11. Bi-2223/Ag HTS coil magnetic field properties for magnet and bias winding

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jin, J. X.; Grantham, C.; Liu, H. K.; Dou, S. X.

    1997-08-01

    Ag-clad (Bi,Pb)2Sr2Ca2Cu3O10+x high-Tc supercondicting (HTS) multifilament wire, is used to prepare a HTS coil. The magnetic field behaviour of the HTS coil is studied with respect to its critical current and magnetic field properties. The anisotropic HTS wire has strong magnetic field dependent critical current, which causes critical current degradation when used in the form of a coil. The HTS coil magnetic field is measured and its distribution is investigated. The experimental results and analysis provide basic information for the design of a magnet or bias winding with the Ag-clad (Bi,Pb)2Sr2Ca2Cu3O10+x HTS wire.

  12. Growth kinetics study of the (Bi,Pb) 2Sr 2Ca 2Cu 3O 10 grains in Ag/Ni composite-sheathed tapes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chen, Xingpin; Yu, Xiaowei; Zhang, Jingpeng; Li, Mingya; Sun, Haibo; Liu, Qing

    2011-12-01

    The growth kinetics of the (Bi,Pb) 2Sr 2Ca 2Cu 3O 10 (Bi-2223) grains in Ag/Ni sheathed tapes have been investigated by the means of XRD and SEM. Samples were sintered at 837 °C for various time under low oxygen partial pressure. Monofilament tape after sintered for 50 h has a critical current ( I c) of 3.6 A. An analysis of the Bi-2223 phase evolution using Avrami relation reveals a three-stage process with obvious changes of the n-exponent during the Bi-2223 formation after about 3 and 20 h sintering. Secondary electron images show that the Bi-2223 grains nucleate at the initial stage and grow within a-b plane until their edges impinge each other. The thicknesses of Bi-2223 grains are measured statistically after various sintering time. The data denote that the thickness increase with the extension of sintering time and become more rapidly after 10 h sintering. A detailed process describing the growth of Bi-2223 grains is presented basing on the n-exponent and microstructural observation.

  13. Superconducting tape characterization under flexion

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Álvarez, A.; Suárez, P.; Cáceres, D.; Pérez, B.; Cordero, E.; Castaño, A.

    2002-08-01

    Electrotechnical applications of high temperature superconducting materials are limited by the difficulty of constructing classical windings with ceramic materials. While Bi-2223 tape may be a solution, it cannot be bent to radii less than a certain value since its superconducting capacity disappears. We describe an automated measurement system of the characteristics of this tape under flexion. It consists of a device that coils the tape over cylinders with different radii. At the same time, the parameters of its superconducting behaviour (e.g. resistance) are taken and processed. This system was developed at the “Benito Mahedero Laboratory of Superconducting Electrical Applications” in the University of Extremadura.

  14. Homogeneous performance and strain tolerance of long Bi-2223 HTS conductors under hoop stress

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Miyoshi, Y.; Kitaguchi, H.; Chaud, X.; Debray, F.; Nishijima, G.; Tsuchiya, Y.

    2014-02-01

    Two types of high-strength industrial Bi-2223 conductor, one laminated by copper alloy and the other laminated by stainless steel, have been tested to examine the effect of hoop stress on the transport property. The specimens (˜2 m long) were prepared by winding one layer around a GFRP mandrel and the measurements were made in a liquid helium bath with the hoop stress calculated from the BJR product applied by external magnetic field. A careful measurement wire configuration was necessary to cancel the noise pick-up from the environment for more accurate determination of Ic and n-value. We show for the first time that both conductors showed homogeneous voltage-current characteristics over a long length and degradations with hoop stress occurred uniformly, which is crucial information for the development of HTS magnet technology. The onset of degradation occurred at 200 MPa and 220 MPa, with additional bending stress present from the winding diameter of 108 mm, for copper alloy laminated and stainless steel laminated conductors, respectively. After considering the effect of bending strain, our result agrees well with the previously measured data.

  15. Improvement of mechanical characteristics and performances with Ni diffusion mechanism throughout Bi-2223 superconducting matrix

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sarıtekin, N. K.; Bilge, H.; Kahraman, M. F.; Zalaoǧlu, Y.; Pakdil, M.; Doǧruer, M.; Yıldırım, G.; Oz, M.

    2016-03-01

    This study is interested in the role of diffusion annealing temperature (650-850°C) on the mechanical characteristics and performance of pure and Ni diffused Bi-2223 superconducting materials by means of standard compression tests and Vickers hardness measurements at performed different applied loads in the range of 0.245-2.940N and theoretical calculations. Based on the experimental findings, the mechanical performances improve with increasing annealing temperature up to 700 °C beyond which they degrade drastically due to the increased artificial disorders, cracks and irregular grain orientation distribution. In other words, the penetration of excess Ni inclusions accelerates both the dislocation movement and especially the cracks and voids propagation as a result of the decrement in the Griffith critical crack length. Further, it is to be mentioned here that all the sample exhibit typical indentation size effect (ISE) behavior. In this respect, both the plastic (irreversible) and elastic (reversible) deformations have dominant role on the superconducting structures as a result of the enhancement in the elastic recovery. At the same time elastic modulus, yield strength and fracture toughness parameters are theoretically extracted from the microhardness values. Moreover, the elastic modulus parameters are compared with the experimental values. It is found that the differentiation between the comparison results enhances hastily with the increment in the applied indentation test loads due to the existence of the increased permanent disorders, lattice defects and strains in the stacked layers. Namely, the error level increases away from the actual crystal structure. Additionally, the microhardness values are theoretically analyzed for the change of the mechanical behaviors with the aid of Meyer's law, elastic/plastic deformation and Hays-Kendall approaches for the first time.

  16. Rapid formation of phase-clean 110 K (Bi-2223) powders derived via freeze-drying process

    DOEpatents

    Balachandran, Uthamalingam

    1996-01-01

    A process for the preparation of amorphous precursor powders for Pb-doped Bi.sub.2 Sr.sub.2 Ca.sub.2 Cu.sub.3 O.sub.x (2223) includes a freeze-drying process incorporating a splat-freezing step. The process generally includes splat freezing a nitrate solution of Bi, Pb, Sr, Ca, and Cu to form flakes of the solution without any phase separation; grinding the frozen flakes to form a powder; freeze-drying the frozen powder; heating the dried powder to form a dry green precursor powders; denitrating the green-powders; heating the denitrated powders to form phase-clean Bi-2223 powders. The grain boundaries of the 2223 grains appear to be clean, leading to good intergrain contact between 2223 grains.

  17. Rapid formation of phase-clean 110 K (Bi-2223) powders derived via freeze-drying process

    DOEpatents

    Balachandran, U.

    1996-06-04

    A process for the preparation of amorphous precursor powders for Pb-doped Bi{sub 2}Sr{sub 2} Ca{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub x} (2223) includes a freeze-drying process incorporating a splat-freezing step. The process generally includes splat freezing a nitrate solution of Bi, Pb, Sr, Ca, and Cu to form flakes of the solution without any phase separation; grinding the frozen flakes to form a powder; freeze-drying the frozen powder; heating the dried powder to form a dry green precursor powders; denitrating the green-powders; heating the denitrated powders to form phase-clean Bi-2223 powders. The grain boundaries of the 2223 grains appear to be clean, leading to good intergrain contact between 2223 grains. 11 figs.

  18. Investigation of current transport normal and parallel to the tape plane in BSCCO/Ag tapes

    SciTech Connect

    Maley, M.P.; Cho, J.H.; Willis, J.O.; Bulaevskii, L.N.

    1995-07-01

    We have performed transport, resistivity and critical current measurements on Bi-2223/Ag and Bi-2212/Ag tapes with current directions both parallel and perpendicular to the tape plane in magnetic fields up to 7 T and 50tape normal (nominal c-axis in a textured tape) is metallic, scales with the inplane resistivity at all fields and is dramatically reduced from single crystal c-axis values. Similarly, the critical current along the tape normal exhibits magnetic field and field orientation dependences similar to those for current flow along the tape plane. These results indicate that current flow along CuO{sub 2} planes dominates current transport even along the tape normal in highly textured tapes.

  19. Contactless measurement of critical current of high temperature superconductor tape by magnetic circuit.

    PubMed

    Gu, C; Qu, T-M; Zou, S-N; Han, Z

    2010-08-01

    A method based on the principle of the magnetic circuit is proposed and realized for contactless measurement of critical current (I(c)) of high temperature superconductor tapes. This method has two unique features: first, it eliminates noises caused by mechanical fluctuations and thus makes high speed and high stability measurement possible and second, adapts for both Bi(2)Si(2)Ca(2)Cu(3)O(x) (Bi2223) and YBa(2)Cu(3)O(7-x) (YBCO) tape, which even has a magnetic substrate. Theoretical analysis is given and an apparatus for the reel-to-reel measurement has been constructed, by which continuous inspection of I(c) uniformity of YBCO and Bi2223 tapes measured at different speeds is reported. PMID:20815626

  20. Near-net-shape fabrication of continuous Ag-Clad Bi-Based superconductors

    SciTech Connect

    Lanagan, M. T. et al.

    1998-04-01

    We have developed a near-net-shape process for Ag-clad Bi-2212 superconductors as an alternative to the powder-in-tube process. This new process offers the advantages of nearly continuous processing, minimization of processing steps, reasonable ability to control the Bi-2212/Ag ratio, and early development of favorable texture of the Bi-2212 grains. Superconducting properties are discussed.

  1. Study of field-pole Bi2223 windings of air core type for a HTS propulsion motor

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sugyo, D.; Kimura, Y.; Sano, T.; Yamaguchi, K.; Izumi, M.; Miki, M.; Ohmatu, K.; Fukumoto, Y.; Fujimoto, H.

    2008-02-01

    In the present study, we designed a field pole of Bi2223 superconductor winding without iron core applied to high-temperature superconducting (HTS) motor of an axial gap type. As the preliminary step to form a field pole winding, we designed a double-pancake-coil (DPC) and qualified relationship between the terminal voltage and the excitation current. We adopted the structure of HTS winding field pole composed of stacked two layered DPC because of effective conduction cooling and electromagnetic effect. We manufactured 16 poles DPC and verified the critical current vs. terminal voltage at 77 K with liquid nitrogen. To form a rotor, 8 field-pole HTS windings were manufactured by integrating of two DPCs as a split coil. We measured the coil Ic and voltage drop of the terminal at 30 K cooled with gas-liquid mixing helium and qualified the heat generation from the coils with DC current excitation. The cooling and excitation test of the constructed field pole coils were performed in the testing motor. The results exhibit that presently developed coils possesses sufficient performance on the heat generation and the magnetic flux density in the axial-type machine under construction.

  2. Locating of normal transitions in a Bi2223 high temperature superconducting coil by non-contact voltage measurement method

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nanato, N.; Nishiyama, K.

    2015-12-01

    Locating of normal transitions in high temperature superconducting (HTS) coils is important for protection and safety design of HTS apparatus. A general method to locate the normal transitions is to measure resistive voltages along HTS windings by many voltage taps directly soldered to the HTS coils. However, electrical insulation characteristics of the HTS coils are deteriorated because it is necessary to remove electrical insulations of the HTS wires for the soldering. It is a serious problem especially for AC HTS coils to which high voltages are applied. Therefore the authors have presented a non-contact voltage measurement method that can detect the resistive voltages without removing the insulations by voltage dividing capacitors. So far the authors have verified the principle of the non-contact method. In this paper, a method to locate the normal transitions in a Bi2223 HTS coil based on the non-contact method is proposed. The proposed method can not only detect the normal transitions but also locate their positions. It is experimentally confirmed that the proposed method is useful for locating the normal transitions.

  3. Method and etchant to join Ag-clad BSSCO superconducting tape

    DOEpatents

    Balachandran, U.; Iyer, A.N.; Huang, J.Y.

    1999-03-16

    A method of removing a silver cladding from high temperature superconducting material clad in silver (HTS) is disclosed. The silver clad HTS is contacted with an aqueous solution of HNO{sub 3} followed by an aqueous solution of NH{sub 4}OH and H{sub 2}O{sub 2} for a time sufficient to remove the silver cladding from the superconducting material without adversely affecting the superconducting properties of the superconducting material. A portion of the silver cladding may be masked with a material chemically impervious to HNO{sub 3} and to a combination of NH{sub 4}OH and H{sub 2}O{sub 2} to preserve the Ag coating. A silver clad superconductor is disclosed, made in accordance with the method discussed. 3 figs.

  4. Method and etchant to join ag-clad BSSCO superconducting tape

    DOEpatents

    Balachandran, Uthamalingam; Iyer, Anand N.; Huang, Jiann Yuan

    1999-01-01

    A method of removing a silver cladding from high temperature superconducting material clad in silver (HTS) is disclosed. The silver clad HTS is contacted with an aqueous solution of HNO.sub.3 followed by an aqueous solution of NH.sub.4 OH and H.sub.2 O.sub.2 for a time sufficient to remove the silver cladding from the superconducting material without adversely affecting the superconducting properties of the superconducting material. A portion of the silver cladding may be masked with a material chemically impervious to HNO.sub.3 and to a combination of NH.sub.4 OH and H.sub.2 O.sub.2 to preserve the Ag coating. A silver clad superconductor is disclosed, made in accordance with the method discussed.

  5. Direct observation of atomic columns in a Bi-2223 polycrystal by aberration-corrected STEM using a low accelerating voltage

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nagai, Takuro; Haruta, Mitsutaka; Kikuchi, Masashi; Zhang, Weizhu; Takeguchi, Masaki; Kimoto, Koji

    2014-05-01

    Aberration correction in scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM) enables an atomic-scale probe size of ˜0.1 nm at a low accelerating voltage of 80 kV that avoids knock-on damage in materials including light elements such as oxygen. We used this advanced method of microscopy to directly observe atomic columns in a (Bi,Pb)2Sr2Ca2Cu3O10+δ (Bi-2223) superconducting wire produced by a powder-in-tube method. Using the atomic-number (Z) contrast mechanism, incoherent high-angle annular dark-field (HAADF) imaging clearly showed the atomic columns. Atomic displacements toward the boundary with a maximum magnitude of ˜0.26 nm enable each atomic layer to be continuous at edge grain boundaries (EGBs). The grains tend to be terminated with deficient (Bi,Pb)-O single layers at c-axis twist boundaries (TWBs) and small-angle asymmetrical tilt boundaries (ATBs); a quantitative HAADF analysis showed that the occupancies of the (Bi,Pb) sites around these boundaries are ˜0.66 and ˜0.72, respectively. Electron energy-loss spectroscopy (EELS) mapping successfully visualized atomic columns in the half-unit cell intergrowth of (Bi,Pb)2Sr2CaCu2O8+δ (Bi-2212) and (Bi,Pb)2Sr2Ca3Cu4O12+δ (Bi-2234) phases. Furthermore, the HAADF analysis indicated that the occupancy of the (Bi,Pb) sites is modulated between ˜0.88 and 1.0 along the diagonal direction of the primitive perovskite cell with the same period as the structural modulation.

  6. Microstructural characterization of Ag-sheathed Tl-Ba-Ca-Cu-O and Bi-Sr-Ca-Cu-O superconducting tapes by analytical electron microscopy

    SciTech Connect

    Hu, J.G.; Miller, D.J.; Goretta, K.C.; Poeppel, R.B.

    1992-09-01

    The microstructures of Tl(1223) and Pb-doped Bi(2223) silver tapes produced by the powder-in-tube (PM) method have been examined by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and energy dispersive spectrometry (EDS). The Tl tapes annealed below the melting point exhibited fine grains and a high density of pores while tapes subjected to partial melting prior to solid state annealing were fully dense with large grains. However, these tapes also showed an increase in the size and density of impurity particles, particularly CaO and a Ba-Cu rich phase. Silver powders added to the precursors tended to promote the growth of Tl(1223) at lower temperatures but also interfered with the development of texture by providing nucleation sites of random orientations. In contrast, the Bi(2223) tape exhibited a high degree of texture and alignment. The incorporation of silver within the superconducting phase was found to be negligible for both the Tl(1223) and Bi(2223) tapes.

  7. Large and high-quality single-crystal growth of cuprate superconductor Bi-2223 using the traveling-solvent floating-zone (TSFZ) method

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Adachi, Shintaro; Usui, Tomohiro; Kosugi, Kenta; Sasaki, Nae; Sato, Kentaro; Fujita, Masaki; Yamada, Kazuyoshi; Fujii, Takenori; Watanabe, Takao

    In high superconducting transition temperature (high-Tc) cuprates, it is empirically known that Tc increases on increasing the number of CuO2 planes in a unit cell n from 1 to 3. Bi-family cuprates are ideal for investigating the microscopic mechanism involved. However, it is difficult to grow tri-layered Bi-2223, probably owing to its narrow crystallization field. Here, we report improved crystal growth of this compound using the TSFZ method under conditions slightly different from those in an earlier report [J. Cryst. Growth 223, 175 (2001)]. A Bi-rich feed-rod composition of Bi2.2Sr1.9Ca2Cu3Oy and a slightly oxygen-reduced atmosphere (mixed gas flow of O2 (10%) and Ar (90%)) were adopted for the crystal growth. In addition, to increase the supersaturation of the melts, we applied a large temperature gradient along the solid-liquid interface by shielding a high-angle light beam using Al foil around the quartz tube. In this way, we succeeded in preparing large (2 × 2 × 0 . 05 mm3) and high-quality (almost 100% pure) Bi-2223 single crystals. Hirosaki University Grant for Exploratory Research by Young Scientists and Newly-appointed Scientists.

  8. Towards beyond 1 GHz NMR: Mechanism of the long-term drift of screening current-induced magnetic field in a Bi-2223 coil

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Koyama, Y.; Takao, T.; Yanagisawa, Y.; Nakagome, H.; Hamada, M.; Kiyoshi, T.; Takahashi, M.; Maeda, H.

    2009-07-01

    The screening current-induced magnetic field in the (Bi,Pb) 2Sr 2Ca 2Cu 3O x (Bi-2223) insert coil proposed for a beyond 1 GHz nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectrometer may generate a long-term field drift, resulting in a loss of field-frequency lock operation and an inability to make high resolution NMR measurements. The measured screening current-induced magnetic field of a Bi-2223 double-pancake coil exhibits a hysteresis effect at 4.2 K that is reproduced by a numerical simulation based on a finite thickness rectangular superconductor bar model. The screening current-induced field at the coil center is of opposite polarity to that generated by the coil current, and thus the apparent field intensity shows a positive drift with time. On the contrary, the field at a coil end is of the same polarity as the coil field, and the apparent field intensity decreases with time. If we wait for ∼1000 h after coil excitation, the field drift rate approaches the field decay rate of the persistent current of 10 -8 h -1, suitable for a long-term NMR measurement in a beyond 1 GHz NMR spectrometer.

  9. The influence of bending strains on AC power losses in multifilamentary BSCCO-2223/Ag tapes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tsukamoto, O.; Ciszek, M.; Suzuki, H.; Ogawa, J.

    2006-08-01

    Recent advances in the manufacturing of multifilamentary high temperature superconducting composite wires allow for wider practical applications of the conductors, e.g. in power transmission cables, transformers and motors. The wires, based mainly on BSCCO-2223 and YBCO-123 cuprates, are used in the forms of variously shaped coils; therefore they are subjected to different kinds of mechanical stresses and strains. These, in turn, lead to some changes in the physical parameters of the superconducting material, mainly in the critical current density, and thus in the dissipated electromagnetic energy, when subjected to changing magnetic fields and transport currents. In this work we report some experimental results related to the AC loss characteristics of Bi-2223/Ag multifilamentary tapes and their dependences on bending strains. These losses are compared to the losses of virgin, straight tapes. The total AC losses, i.e. transport current and magnetization losses, in the Bi-2223/Ag tapes, were measured by means of the electrical and calorimetric methods. The experimental data obtained are compared with the critical state model predictions for AC loss behaviour in the experimental conditions presented here.

  10. In-plane transport anisotropy in BSCCO-Ag multi-filamentary tapes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Borroto, A.; García-Gordillo, A. S.; Del Río, L.; Arronte, M.; Altshuler, E.

    2015-07-01

    Composite structures such as high-Tc multi-filamentary tapes display a complex anisotropy arising from the combination of the ‘intrinsic’ anisotropy of the Bi-2223 grains, and that associated to the superconducting phase distribution in the superconductor-metal composite, as well as cracks and other defects. In this paper we characterize the ‘in-plane’ anisotropy of BSCCO-Ag tapes, i.e., the difference between the transport properties along the longitudinal axis and those along the transverse direction also lying on the wide face of the tape. In particular, we demonstrate that the dissipation associated to transport along the transverse direction approaches that of the longitudinal direction as the temperature or the current increases, which may be relevant to transport applications in situations where the superconducting properties have significantly degraded.

  11. Improvement of critical current, irreversibility field, and anisotropy in bismuth strontium calcium copper oxide tape by the U/n method

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gandini, Alberto

    2001-12-01

    This dissertation describes how high temperature superconductor (HTS) characteristics, such as critical current, Ic, and irreversibility magnetic field, Birr, can be very significantly improved. The technique we use to achieve such results is the so called ``U/n method''. The U/n method has been previously applied successfully to YBCO. This dissertation represents the first extensive studies of the U/n method applied to Ag/Bi-2223 tape. In the U/n method, uranium (235U) is added to HTS precursor powders of (Bi,Pb)2Sr2Ca2Cu3O 10 and then textured by means of the Powder in Tube Technique into silver clad Bi-2223 tapes (Ag/Bi2223). Tapes are then irradiated with thermal neutrons to fission the 235U. The fission products create short quasi-columnar defects that act as pinning centers. Transport properties were investigated before and after irradiation, in applied fields up to 5 T and at temperatures between 65 K and 77 K and at 27 K, for several 235U concentrations, up to 0.7% by wt. Several features emerge from these studies. Ic is increased by factor of up 100, and Birr is more than doubled. The Ag/Bi-2223 tape anisotropy, A, is also reduced by as much as two orders of magnitude; e.g., A at 77 K is reduced from ~200 before irradiation to ~2 after irradiation. The Ic enhancement factor before and after irradiation, R = Ic(Bef)/ Ic(Aft), as function of the fluence, shows a peak, which shifts toward higher fluence as the applied field increases. A phenomenological model for the enhancement factor, R = Ic(Bef)/ Ic(Aft), as function of damage density, temperature and magnetic field was developed. Experimental pinning force curves were fitted to theoretical models. Deviations from the theory were found, and are discussed. The literature related to two aspects of this work has been extensively reviewed. The first aspect describes the mechanism of energy loss, damage size and concentration, and the effects on Tc and on the normal state resistivity of different types of

  12. {bold {ital In situ}} measurements of texture and phase development in (Bi,Pb){sub 2}Sr{sub 2}Ca{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 10}{endash}Ag tapes

    SciTech Connect

    Thurston, T.R.; Haldar, P.; Wang, Y.L.; Suenaga, M.; Jisrawi, N.M. |; Wildgruber, U.

    1997-04-01

    Hard x-rays from a synchrotron source were utilized in diffraction experiments performed at elevated temperatures (up to {approximately}870{degree}C) on (Bi,Pb){sub 2}Sr{sub 2}Ca{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 10} (Bi-2223) tapes {ital completely} encased in silver. The general behavior of the phase and texture development under typical processing conditions was determined, and the effects that several variations in processing conditions had on the phase and texture development were examined. These results and their implications for improving processing conditions are discussed. {copyright} {ital 1997 Materials Research Society.}

  13. AC loss in superconducting tapes and cables

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Oomen, Marijn Pieter

    High-temperature superconductors are developed for use in power-transmission cables, transformers and motors. The alternating magnetic field in these devices causes AC loss, which is a critical factor in the design. The study focuses on multi-filament Bi-2223/Ag tapes exposed to a 50-Hz magnetic field at 77 K. The AC loss is measured with magnetic, electric and calorimetric methods. The results are compared to theoretical predictions based mainly on the Critical-State Model. The loss in high- temperature superconductors is affected by their characteristic properties: increased flux creep, high aspect ratio and inhomogeneties. Filament intergrowths and a low matrix resistivity cause a high coupling-current loss especially when the filaments are fully coupled. When the wide side of the tape is parallel to the external magnetic field, the filaments are decoupled by twisting. In a perpendicular field the filaments can be decoupled only by combining a short twist pitch with a transverse resistivity much higher than that of silver. The arrangement of the inner filaments determines the transverse resistivity. Ceramic barriers around the filaments cause partial decoupling in perpendicular magnetic fields at power frequencies. The resultant decrease in AC loss is greater than the accompanying decrease in critical current. With direct transport current in alternating magnetic field, the transport-current loss is well described with a new model for the dynamic resistance. The Critical- State Model describes well the magnetisation and total AC loss in parallel magnetic fields, at transport currents up to 0.7 times the critical current. When tapes are stacked face-to-face in a winding, the AC-loss density in perpendicular fields is greatly decreased due to the mutual shielding of the tapes. Coupling currents between the tapes in a cable cause an extra AC loss, which is reduced by a careful cable design. The total AC loss in complex devices with many tapes is generally well

  14. Flux patterns of monofilamentary ? tapes at various temperatures

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Koblischka, M. R.; Johansen, T. H.; Bratsberg, H.; Vase, P.

    1999-03-01

    By means of magneto-optic imaging, flux patterns of monofilamentary, silver-sheathed Bi0953-2048/12/3/002/img8 (Bi-2223) tapes are obtained at various temperatures between 12 K and 77 K. Above 50 K, the flux distributions are found to be nearly homogeneous, implying a uniform current flow. On decreasing the temperature, the observed flux patterns develop indications of granularity. This effect is most pronounced at the lowest temperature investigated. From these observations we can deduce the temperature dependence of the transport current density, 0953-2048/12/3/002/img9, and of the current density of the grains, 0953-2048/12/3/002/img10. We show that the appearance of granularity in the flux patterns at low temperatures can be explained by assuming a very steep temperature dependence of the intragranular current density, being large at low T and decreasing rapidly with increasing T until at about 50 K, 0953-2048/12/3/002/img11. The absence of granularity above 50 K shows that the current flow is here dominated by the transport currents.

  15. Ag-clad Bi-Sr-Ca-Cu-O wires I. Phase study of fully processed 2:2:1:2 wires

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ray, R. D.; Hellstrom, E. E.

    1991-01-01

    We have studied the composition of phases in fully processed Ag-clad wires containing Bi-Sr-Ca-Cu-O with a starting cation ratio of 2:2:1:2 using electron probe microanalysis. Wires that were processed at temperatures not exceeding 850°C contained two phases: the two-CuO 2 layer superconductor (“2212”) and Bi 0.06Sr 8.87Ca 4.87Cu 24O x, which is a member of the “ {14}/{24}” solid solution that is in equilibrium with “2212” at 850°C. Phases identified in wires melt processed at temperatures up to 920°C then annealed at 830-840°C were “2212”, (Sr 1- xCa x)CuO 2, and Ag particles. This appears to be a nonequilibrium phase assemblage as the superconductor is not reported to be in equilibrium with (Sr 1- xCa x)CuO 2 at 800-850°C.

  16. Thermomechanical means to improve the critical current density of BSCCO tapes

    DOEpatents

    Balachandran, Uthamalingam; Poeppel, Roger; Haldar, Pradeep; Motowidlo, Leszek

    2001-01-01

    A method of preparing wires or tapes including Bi-2223 superconductor material by providing oxide and carbonate sources of Bi, Sr, Ca, Cu and Pb, milling the material for a time not to exceed about 30 minutes but preferably not greater than 20 minutes to produce a homogeneous mixture. Then heat treating by calcining the milled mixture at a temperature of at least about 830.degree. C. for a time not less than about 12 hours, followed by at least one additional milling for a time not to exceed about 20 minutes and one additional heat treatment, to produce an oxide powder having an average diameter in the 4 to 5 micron range. Then a silver or silver alloy tube is filled with the oxide powder, and shape formed into a rectangular tape. Then alternately thermally treating and mechanically working the tube filled with oxide powder by heating the filled tube to an elevated temperature of about 835.degree. C. to 840.degree. C. and reducing the diameter of the tube, repeating the thermal and mechanical treatment. The filled tube is held at the elevated temperature for a total time in the range of from about 48 hours to about 350 hours to provide Pb.sub.0.4, Bi.sub.1.8 Sr.sub.2.0 Ca.sub.2.2 Cu.sub.3 O.sub.x where x is between 10 and 11.

  17. Effects of critical current inhomogeneity in long high-temperature superconducting tapes on the self-field loss, studied by means of numerical analysis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Yinshun; Dai, Shaotao; Zhao, Xiang; Xiao, Liye; Lin, Liangzhen; Hui, Dong

    2006-12-01

    The effect of the local critical current on the self-field loss in single tapes and multi-parallel tapes is investigated computationally. Generally, the self-AC loss of a superconductor can be described using the Norris equation based on Bean's critical state model with elliptical, circular or strip cross-sections. However, because of its intrinsic characteristics, the critical current of high-temperature superconducting (HTS) tape is inhomogeneous. It is reasonable to expect the local critical currents to have a Gaussian statistical distribution, according to the central limit theorem; a detailed analysis of self-AC loss is made to develop an interesting calculation procedure for both single tapes and multi-parallel tapes. The results show that the inhomogeneity of local critical currents has an important effect on the self-field loss. One of the goals in this paper is to provide an accurate method for estimating quality, or what level of critical current inhomogeneity in HTS tape is permissible in practical application. As manufacturing processes are refined through powder in tube and coating technologies, and the sources of extrinsic macroscopic defects are decreased, electromagnetic and mechanical performances of Bi2223 and YBCO tapes are greatly improved. Nevertheless, intrinsic microscopic defects such as weak links, microcracks and small second-phase formations still exist in the tapes, which will lead to statistically local critical current variations. Therefore, it is very important to study the effect that variation in local critical currents may have on the self-field losses of practical long single and multi-parallel HTS tapes.

  18. Industrial Tape

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1986-01-01

    Scotch Brand Tape 364 was developed for NASA by 3M Company to protect electrical instrumentation coils and fluid lines from rocket launch blast conditions. It is an aluminized glass cloth tape which can withstand very high temperatures, is easily applied to compound surfaces, has excellent solar energy reflectance, and does not present an electrostatic hazard. It has potential automotive, transportation, and building construction applications.

  19. Shielded high-Tc bscco tapes or wires for high field applications

    DOEpatents

    Balachandran, Uthamalingam; Lelovic, Milan; Eror, Nicholas G.

    2002-01-01

    A composite superconductor having an interior component of multiple filaments of superconducting Bi-2223 sheathed in a Ag or Ag alloy material, and a RE, TI or Hg based superconductor surrounding the interior component.

  20. Shielded high-TC BSCCO tapes or wires for high field applications

    DOEpatents

    Balachandran, Uthamalingam; Lelovic, Milan; Eror, Nicholas G.

    2001-01-01

    A composite superconductor having an interior component of multiple filaments of superconducting Bi-2223 sheathed in a Ag or Ag alloy material, and a RE, TI or Hg based superconductor surrounding the interior component.

  1. Magnetic tape

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Robinson, Harriss

    1992-01-01

    The move to visualization and image processing in data systems is increasing the demand for larger and faster mass storage systems. The technology of choice is magnetic tape. This paper briefly reviews the technology past, present, and projected. A case is made for standards and the value of the standards to users.

  2. Processing and properties of silver-clad Tl-Ba-Ca-Cu-O wires and tapes

    SciTech Connect

    Goretta, K.C.; Wu, C.T.; Lanagan, M.T.; Boling, M.A.; Shi, D.; Miller, D.J.; Chen, Nan; Hanewald, W.G.; Sengupta, S.; Wang, Z.; Poeppel, R.B.; Foong, F.; Liou, S.H.

    1992-03-01

    TlBa{sub 2}Ca{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub x} and Tl{sub 2}Ba{sub 2}Ca{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub x} powders were synthesized, loaded into Ag tubes, and worked into wires and tapes by drawing and rolling. All processing outside of furnaces was in a dry-N{sub 2} glovebox. All heat treatments were performed in O{sub 2}. The Ag-clad wires fabricated from these powders exhibited onset of superconductivity at {approx}118 K and critical current densities at 77K of 2{times}10{sup 3} to 4{times}10{sup 3} A/cm{sup 2}.

  3. Phase development in partial-melt processing of silver-clad Bi{sub 2.15}Sr{sub 1.83}Ca{sub 1.02}Cu{sub 2}O{sub x} tapes

    SciTech Connect

    Jiang, Ming; Delaney, W.E.; Lanagan, M.T.; Olson, S.R.; Goretta, K.C.

    1996-03-01

    Ag-clad Bi{sub 2.15}Sr{sub 1.83}Ca{sub 1.02}Cu{sub 2}O{sub x} tapes were fabricated by the powder-in-tube method and heated in air to maximum temperatures of 880--895{degrees}C. The tapes were characterized by differential thermal analysis, scanning electron microscopy, energy-dispersive X-ray analysis, and X-ray diffraction. Microstructures of tapes that were heated at 885--895{degrees}C were similar, and, at a given temperature, remained stable for up to 1.0 h, which was the longest time used. The most significant microstructural features in specimens quenched from the melt were voids of up to {approx}400 {mu}m in diameter. CuO was a minor phase in the melt, but grew significantly upon cooling to become the major nonsuperconducting phase when solidification was complete.

  4. Tape transport mechanism

    DOEpatents

    Groh, Edward F.; McDowell, William; Modjeski, Norbert S.; Keefe, Donald J.; Groer, Peter

    1979-01-01

    A device is provided for transporting, in a stepwise manner, tape between a feed reel and takeup reel. An indexer moves across the normal path of the tape displacing it while the tape on the takeup reel side of the indexer is braked. After displacement, the takeup reel takes up the displaced tape while the tape on the feed reel side of the indexer is braked, providing stepwise tape transport in precise intervals determined by the amount of displacement caused by the indexer.

  5. Thermomechanical processing of Ag-clad Bi{sub 2}Sr{sub 2}CaCu{sub 2}O{sub x} superconductors

    SciTech Connect

    Wu, C.T.; Goretta, K.C.; Lanagan, M.T.; Biondo, A.C.; Poeppel, R.B.

    1993-10-01

    Bi{sub 2}Sr{sub 2}CaCu{sub 2}O{sub x} (2212) powders were synthesized by solid-state reaction, loaded into Ag tubes, and processed into tapes by various combinations of drawing, rolling, and heat treatment. Critical current densities at 4.2 K of greater than 10{sup 5} A/cm{sup 2} were achieved from microstructures consisting of large, highly textured 2212 grains. Optimal microstructures were produced by specific mechanical-working conditions and heat-treatment schedules that incorporated solid-state and partial-melt sintering. The relationships between processing, microstructure, and critical current density will be discussed.

  6. Magnetic tape user guide

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Evans, A. B.; Lee, L. L.

    1985-01-01

    This User Guide provides a general introduction to the structure, use, and handling of magnetic tapes at Langley Research Center (LaRC). The topics covered are tape terminology, physical characteristics, error prevention and detection, and creating, using, and maintaining tapes. Supplementary documentation is referenced where it might be helpful. The documentation is included for the tape utility programs, BLOCK, UNBLOCK, and TAPEDMP, which are available at the Central Scientific Computing Complex at LaRC.

  7. Tape reading fixture

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1969-01-01

    Commercially available roller type desk pad provides an efficient and orderly manner of handling rolled paper tapes for proofreading. The fixture, which is modified to accept Flex-O-Writer or similar tapes and roll them in either direction, reduces the chance of damaging or soiling the tapes through repeated handling.

  8. Thermoplastic tape compaction device

    DOEpatents

    Campbell, V.W.

    1994-12-27

    A device is disclosed for bonding a thermoplastic tape to a substrate to form a fully consolidated composite. This device has an endless chain associated with a frame so as to rotate in a plane that is perpendicular to a long dimension of the tape, the chain having pivotally connected chain links with each of the links carrying a flexible foot member that extends outwardly from the chain. A selected number of the foot members contact the tape, after the heating thereof, to cause the heated tape to bond to the substrate. The foot members are each a thin band of metal oriented transversely to the chain, with a flexibility and width and length to contact the tape so as to cause the tape to conform to the substrate to achieve consolidation of the tape and the substrate. A biased leaf-type spring within the frame bears against an inner surface of the chain to provide the compliant pressure necessary to bond the tape to the substrate. The chain is supported by sprockets on shafts rotatably supported in the frame and, in one embodiment, one of the shafts has a drive unit to produce rotation such that the foot members in contact with the tape move at the same speed as the tape. Cooling jets are positioned along the frame to cool the resultant consolidated composite. 5 figures.

  9. Thermoplastic tape compaction device

    DOEpatents

    Campbell, Vincent W.

    1994-01-01

    A device for bonding a thermoplastic tape to a substrate to form a fully consolidated composite. This device has an endless chain associated with a frame so as to rotate in a plane that is perpendicular to a long dimension of the tape, the chain having pivotally connected chain links with each of the links carrying a flexible foot member that extends outwardly from the chain. A selected number of the foot members contact the tape, after the heating thereof, to cause the heated tape to bond to the substrate. The foot members are each a thin band of metal oriented transversely to the chain, with a flexibility and width and length to contact the tape so as to cause the tape to conform to the substrate to achieve consolidation of the tape and the substrate. A biased leaf-type spring within the frame bears against an inner surface of the chain to provide the compliant pressure necessary to bond the tape to the substrate. The chain is supported by sprockets on shafts rotatably supported in the frame and, in one embodiment, one of the shafts has a drive unit to produce rotation such that the foot members in contact with the tape move at the same speed as the tape. Cooling jets are positioned along the frame to cool the resultant consolidated composite.

  10. Kinematics of Tape Recording.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Coleman, J. J.

    1982-01-01

    Describes mathematics of the nonliner relationships between a constant-speed, capstan-driven magnetic tape transport mechanism and a constant-angular-velocity take-up reel. The relationship, derived from the sum of a partial, serves in recognition of a finite tape. Thickness can serve as an example of rotational kinematics. (Author/SK)

  11. Caught (Unfortunately) on Tape

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Young, Jeffrey R.

    2009-01-01

    Recording class sessions so students can view them online is becoming routine on many campuses. But all that taping can lead to "uh-oh moments," such as when a professor's joke about the college dean ends up on YouTube, or a private comment to a student after class is inadvertently broadcast. Some lecture bloopers caught on tape are funny (well,…

  12. Tape recorder failure investigation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Higgins, M. D.; Loewenthal, S. H.; Carnahan, C. C.; Snyder, G. L.

    1996-01-01

    Two end-item tape recorders lost 4:1 mode data recording mode capability at less than half of their 1 6,000-cycle, 4-year operating life. Subsequent life tests on two spare recorders also experienced 4:1 mode data loss at 8,000 and 11,700 cycles. Tear down inspection after completion of the life tests showed that the tape had worn through the alfesil record and reproduce heads. An investigation was initiated to understand the cause of excessive tape head wear and the reasons why the 4:1 mode data rate, low-speed mode is more damaging than the 1:1 mode data rate, high-speed recording mode. The objective was to establish how operating conditions (tape speed, humidity, temperature, stop/start cycles) affects head life with the goal of extending head life on the remaining in-service tape recorders. Another interest was to explain why an earlier vendor life test showed capability beyond 16,000 cycles.

  13. The Carbon Monoxide Tape Recorder

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Schoeberl, M. R.; Duncan, B. N.; Douglass, A. R.; Waters, J.; Livesey, N.; Read, W.; Filipiak, M.

    2006-01-01

    Using Aura MLS data we have identified the stratospheric tape recorder in carbon monoxide (CO). Unlike the water vapor tape recorder, which is controlled by upper troposphere processes, the CO tape recorder is linked to seasonal biomass burning. Since CO has a lifetime of only a few months, the CO tape recorder barely extends above 20 km. The tape head for CO appears to be close to 360K near the same location as the water vapor tape head [Read et al, 20041. Both tape heads are below the equatorial cold point tropopause but above the base of the tropical tropopause layer. The tape recorder signal becomes more distinct from 360K to 380K suggesting that convective detrainment of plays a decreasingly important role with altitude. The Global Modeling Initiative chemical transport model forced by the climatology of biomass burning reproduces the CO tape recorder.

  14. Supplemental TV Taped Problems.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Squires, Robert G.; Frank, David V.

    1983-01-01

    Videotapes were developed as supplemental material for a course in chemical engineering thermodynamics. Describes the course, videotapes produced (includes list by topics as related to course content), and effectiveness of the tapes. Although no significant improvement in test performance was noted, students indicated they learned material faster…

  15. Strong Adhesive Tape for Cold Environments

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Woods, T. G.

    1986-01-01

    Strong tape remains sticky over wide temperature range. Strong tape for low temperatures consists of two layers of polyimide tape with layer of reinforcing mesh. Improved tape devised for repairs in space also finds use on Earth in polar regions and in superconducting applications. Tape retains adherence and strength at extreme temperatures, where conventional tapes fail.

  16. Tamper tape seals

    SciTech Connect

    Wright, B.W.; Undem, H.A.

    1994-07-01

    Tamper tapes are appealing for many applications due to their ease of use and relative robustness. Applications include seals for temporary area denial, protection of sensitive equipment, chain-of-custody audit trails, and inventory control practices. A next generation of adhesive tamper tapes is being developed that combines the best features of commercially available devices with additional state-of-the-art features in tamper indication, tamper-resistance, and counterfeit-resistance. The additional features are based on U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) research and development (R&D) activities that were originally associated with preparations for the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (START). New features include rapid-set, chemical-cure adhesive systems that allow user-friendly application and layered levels of counterfeit-resistance based on unique {open_quotes}fingerprint{close_quotes} characteristics that can be accessed as desired.

  17. Tape Placement Head for Applying Thermoplastic Tape to an Object

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Cope, Ralph D. (Inventor); Funck, Steve B. (Inventor); Gruber, Mark B. (Inventor); Lamontia, Mark A. (Inventor); Johnson, Anthony D. (Inventor)

    2008-01-01

    A tape placement head for applying thermoplastic tape to an object includes a heated feeder which guides the tape/tow to a heated zone. The heated zone has a line compactor having a single row of at least one movable heated member. An area compactor is located in the heated zone downstream from the line compactor. The area compactor includes a plurality of rows of movable feet which are extendable toward the tape/tow different distances with respect to each other to conform to the shape of the object. A shim is located between the heated compactors and the tape/tow. A chilled compactor is in a chilled zone downstream from the heated zone. The chilled zone includes a line chilled compactor and an area chilled compactor. A chilled shim is mounted between the chilled compactor and the tape/tow.

  18. Magnetic tape lightning current detectors

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Crouch, K. E.; Jafferis, W.

    1980-01-01

    Development and application tests of a low cost, passive, peak lightning current detector (LCD) found it to provide measurements with accuracies of + or - 5 percent to + or - 10 percent depending on the readout method employed. The LCD uses magnetic audio recording tape to sense the magnitude of the peak magnetic field around a conductor carrying lightning currents. The test results showed that the length of audio tape erased was linearly related to the peak simulated lightning currents in a round conductor. Accuracies of + or - 10 percent were shown for measurements made using a stopwatch readout technique to determine the amount of tape erased by the lightning current. Where more accurate data are desired, the tape is played and the output recorded on a strip chart, oscilloscope, or some other means so that measurements can be made on that recording. Conductor dimensions, tape holder dimensions, and tape formulation must also be considered to obtain a more accurate result.

  19. Fully synthetic taped insulation cables

    DOEpatents

    Forsyth, Eric B.; Muller, Albert C.

    1984-01-01

    A high voltage oil-impregnated electrical cable with fully polymer taped insulation operable to 765 kV. Biaxially oriented, specially processed, polyethylene, polybutene or polypropylene tape with an embossed pattern is wound in multiple layers over a conductive core with a permeable screen around the insulation. Conventional oil which closely matches the dielectric constant of the tape is used, and the cable can be impregnated after field installation because of its excellent impregnation characteristics.

  20. Fully synthetic taped insulation cables

    SciTech Connect

    Forsyth, E. B.; Muller, A. C.

    1984-12-11

    A high voltage oil-impregnated electrical cable with fully polymer taped insulation operable to 765 kV. Biaxially oriented, specially processed, polyethylene, polybutene or polypropylene tape with an embossed pattern is wound in multiple layers over a conductive core with a permeable screen around the insulation. Conventional oil which closely matches the dielectric constant of the tape is used, and the cable can be impregnated after field installation because of its excellent impregnation characteristics.

  1. Flux distributions in jointed ? tapes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Koblischka, M. R.; Johansen, T. H.; Bratsberg, H.; Vase, P.

    1998-06-01

    Superconducting joints between monofilamentary, Ag-sheathed 0953-2048/11/6/005/img8 tapes were investigated by means of magneto-optic imaging. Two types of joint were studied; one joint with direct contact between the tape cores, and the other one with an Ag layer between them. The local flux distributions directly reveal the obstacles hindering the current flow through the joints. The direct contact of the tape cores provides joints which can carry about 80% of the current of the original tape, whereas the joints with the Ag layer are considerably worse. This difference becomes even more drastic in applied magnetic fields.

  2. Tape casting of magnesium oxide.

    SciTech Connect

    Ayala, Alicia; Corral, Erica L.; Loehman, Ronald E.; Bencoe, Denise Nora; Reiterer, Markus; Shah, Raja A.

    2008-02-01

    A tape casting procedure for fabricating ceramic magnesium oxide tapes has been developed as a method to produce flat sheets of sintered MgO that are thin and porous. Thickness of single layer tapes is in the range of 200-400 {micro}m with corresponding surface roughness values in the range of 10-20 {micro}m as measured by laser profilometry. Development of the tape casting technique required optimization of pretreatment for the starting magnesium oxide (MgO) powder as well as a detailed study of the casting slurry preparation and subsequent heat treatments for sintering and final tape flattening. Milling time of the ceramic powder, plasticizer, and binder mixture was identified as a primary factor affecting surface morphology of the tapes. In general, longer milling times resulted in green tapes with a noticeably smoother surface. This work demonstrates that meticulous control of the entire tape casting operation is necessary to obtain high-quality MgO tapes.

  3. Multifilamentary niobium tin superconductor tape

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Brisbin, P. H.; Coles, W. D.

    1975-01-01

    In the method proposed for fabricating multifilamentary Nb3Sn tape, filamentary superconducting paths are produced in standard commercial superconductor tape by chemical milling of separator slots through the Nb3Sn layer. The multifilament configuration features a matrix of ten 1.2 mm wide parallel helical superconducting paths along the length of the tape. The paths are spaced 0.4 mm apart. Tapes tested as small pancake coils demonstrated the integrity and continuity of the matrix, and showed that critical current was sustained in direct proportion to retained superconductor.

  4. University of South Alabama Dialect Tape Center: Audio Tape Resources.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mele, Joseph C.

    Intended for use by teachers, actors, linguists, sociologists, and others interested in dialect study, this catalog lists the holdings of the Dialect Tape Center at the University of South Alabama (Mobile), an organization that was founded to provide ready access to tape recordings of representative American English as it is currently spoken…

  5. Five year magnetic tape for unattended satellite tape recorders

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Benn, G. S. L.; Gutfreund, K.

    1972-01-01

    The development and fabrication of a quantity of long life magnetic tape with properties selected specifically for unattended operation in spacecraft tape recorders was studied. A detailed analytical consideration of various binder systems was undertaken. This included the chemical aspects of the binders, cohesion and adhesion effects, stability and the mechanical and physical properties. The ability to form free films of these polymers and their combination with various oxide loadings and other additives allowed a rapid selection of four polymer candidates for a five year magnetic tape. Samples were evaluated under actual running conditions which included physical, magnetic, and extensive life testing. These sample tapes withstood 50,000 bidirectional tape passes under fairly harsh operating conditions.

  6. Sharpen Your Skills: Tape Recording.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Perry, Helen

    1984-01-01

    Three short articles provide tape recording instructions for braille transcribers and teachers of the visually handicapped, for transcribing instructional materials. The first article gives instructions for creating a "mini" table of contents, or index, to be inserted at the beginning of each tape. The second article provides instructions for…

  7. An improved magnetic tape recorder

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Uber, P. W.

    1968-01-01

    Magnetic tape recorder employs a single capstan for simultaneously driving the supply and take-up reels in such a manner that the tape passing between the reels is kept under a predetermined constant tension. This recorder operates with little power and is sufficiently rugged to withstand the severe stresses encountered in high-altitude balloon flight tests.

  8. Centrally managed tapes at DESY

    SciTech Connect

    Hell, O.

    1994-12-31

    Tapes at DESY are managed by the computer center and thus offer virtually unlimited storage space to the DESY computer center users. This paper describes the most recent version of the DESY tape management system, its predecessors having been in service for many years.

  9. Aging of magnetic recording tape

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cuddihy, E. F.

    1980-07-01

    The paper deals with a study investigating the nature and rates of the hydrolic aging of a wide-band instrumentation magnetic recording tape which employs oxide and backcoat binders made of a polyester urethane elastomer. It was found that the primary mechanism of tape aging and degradation resulted from hydrolysis of its polyester urethane binder.

  10. Practical superconductor development for electrical power applications - quarterly report for the period ending December 31, 1998.

    SciTech Connect

    1999-01-29

    This is a multiyear experimental research program focused on improving relevant material properties of high-T{sub c} superconductors and on development of fabrication methods that can be transferred to industry for production of commercial conductors. The development of teaming relationships through agreements with industrial partners is a key element of this program. Recent results on Y-123 bicrystals and grain boundaries, flux dissipation, novel sheathed Bi-2223 tapes, AC losses in multifilament Bi-2223 conductors, and oxygen diffusion in Bi-2223 are discussed.

  11. String and Sticky Tape Experiments.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Edge, R. D., Ed.

    1979-01-01

    Explains how to demonstrate the fundamentals of one dimensional kinematics such as Newton's third law of motion, and collision between bodies, using simple materials of marbles, strings, sticky tape, drinking straws, and rubber bands. (GA)

  12. ICI optical data storage tape

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Mclean, Robert A.; Duffy, Joseph F.

    1992-01-01

    Optical data storage tape is now a commercial reality. The world's first successful development of a digital optical tape system is complete. This is based on the Creo 1003 optical tape recorder with ICI 1012 write-once optical tape media. Flexible optical media offers many benefits in terms of manufacture; for a given capital investment, continuous, web-coating techniques produce more square meters of media than batch coating. The coated layers consist of a backcoat on the non-active side; on the active side there is a subbing layer, then reflector, dye/polymer, and transparent protective overcoat. All these layers have been tailored for ease of manufacture and specific functional characteristics.

  13. Canadian Contemporary Issues on Tape

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shapter, Jean

    1974-01-01

    Four tapes with interviews with experts in the designated fields comprise the series: a) Canada's Foreign Relations, 1867-1919; b) Canada's Foreign Relations, 1919-1945; c) Canada and China, and d) Canadian Diplomacy and Foreign Policy. (JA)

  14. Casting Of Multilayer Ceramic Tapes

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Collins, Earl R., Jr.

    1991-01-01

    Procedure for casting thin, multilayer ceramic membranes, commonly called tapes, involves centrifugal casting at accelerations of 1,800 to 2,000 times normal gravitational acceleration. Layers of tape cast one at a time on top of any previous layer or layers. Each layer cast from slurry of ground ceramic suspended in mixture of solvents, binders, and other components. Used in capacitors, fuel cells, and electrolytic separation of oxygen from air.

  15. What's up with duct tape

    SciTech Connect

    Walker, Iain S.; Sherman, Max H.

    2005-03-01

    Recent research suggests that almost any tape can be made to work for a core-to-collar joint when perfectly applied. Given all the better choices available and all the problems that can and do occur in the field, we would not recommend that cloth-backed (natural) rubber-adhesive tapes be used, unless they can pass a suitable E2343 test. If visual degradation is an important factor, Oriented Polypropylene (OPP) and cloth-backed tapes should be avoided. While tapes that fail usually show visual degradation, the converse is not always true. We speculate, however, that visually degraded tapes are more likely to be susceptible to damage from vibration and other mechanical stresses. Conventional nylon straps are quite prone to fail at higher temperatures, but no systematic studies have yet been done across product classes. UL has proposed a new standard for straps, but the protocol for the current UL test does not, however, suggest that it would be a good indicator of durability. Products meeting the new UL standard for straps should be independently tested for the failure modes observed in the field and laboratory to determine if that test is a reasonable indicator of durability. Until a suitable test for strap durability exists, they recommend that only high temperature nylon or metal straps be used--especially in cases where tapes may be sensitive to mechanical stresses.

  16. Quick-release medical tape

    PubMed Central

    Laulicht, Bryan; Langer, Robert; Karp, Jeffrey M.

    2012-01-01

    Medical tape that provides secure fixation of life-sustaining and -monitoring devices with quick, easy, damage-free removal represents a longstanding unmet medical need in neonatal care. During removal of current medical tapes, crack propagation occurs at the adhesive–skin interface, which is also the interface responsible for device fixation. By designing quick-release medical tape to undergo crack propagation between the backing and adhesive layers, we decouple removal and device fixation, enabling dual functionality. We created an ordered adhesive/antiadhesive composite intermediary layer between the medical tape backing and adhesive for which we achieve tunable peel removal force, while maintaining high shear adhesion to secure medical devices. We elucidate the relationship between the spatial ordering of adhesive and antiadhesive regions to create a fully tunable system that achieves strong device fixation and quick, easy, damage-free device removal. We also described ways of neutralizing the residual adhesive on the skin and have observed that thick continuous films of adhesive are easier to remove than the thin islands associated with residual adhesive left by current medical tapes. PMID:23112196

  17. Superconducting flat tape cable magnet

    DOEpatents

    Takayasu, Makoto

    2015-08-11

    A method for winding a coil magnet with the stacked tape cables, and a coil so wound. The winding process is controlled and various shape coils can be wound by twisting about the longitudinal axis of the cable and bending following the easy bend direction during winding, so that sharp local bending can be obtained by adjusting the twist pitch. Stack-tape cable is twisted while being wound, instead of being twisted in a straight configuration and then wound. In certain embodiments, the straight length should be half of the cable twist-pitch or a multiple of it.

  18. Fully synthetic taped insulation cables

    DOEpatents

    Forsyth, E.B.; Muller, A.C.

    1983-07-15

    The present invention is a cable which, although constructed from inexpensive polyolefin tapes and using typical impregnating oils, furnishes high voltage capability up to 765 kV, and has such excellent dielectric characteristics and heat transfer properties that it is capable of operation at capacities equal to or higher than presently available cables at a given voltage. This is accomplished by using polyethylene, polybutene or polypropylene insulating tape which has been specially processed to attain properties which are not generally found in these materials, but are required for their use in impregnated electrical cables. Chief among these properties is compatibility with impregnating oil.

  19. Personal miniature electrophysiological tape recorder

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Green, H.

    1981-11-01

    The use of a personal miniature electrophysiological tape recorder to measure the physiological reactions of space flight personnel to space flight stress and weightlessness is described. The Oxford Instruments Medilog recorder, a battery-powered, four-channel cassette tape recorder with 24 hour endurance is carried on the person and will record EKG, EOG, EEG, and timing and event markers. The data will give information about heart rate and morphology changes, and document adaptation to zero gravity on the part of subjects who, unlike highly trained astronauts, are more representative of the normal population than were the subjects of previous space flight studies.

  20. Personal miniature electrophysiological tape recorder

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Green, H.

    1981-01-01

    The use of a personal miniature electrophysiological tape recorder to measure the physiological reactions of space flight personnel to space flight stress and weightlessness is described. The Oxford Instruments Medilog recorder, a battery-powered, four-channel cassette tape recorder with 24 hour endurance is carried on the person and will record EKG, EOG, EEG, and timing and event markers. The data will give information about heart rate and morphology changes, and document adaptation to zero gravity on the part of subjects who, unlike highly trained astronauts, are more representative of the normal population than were the subjects of previous space flight studies.

  1. A Study of Audio Tape: Part II

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reen, Noel K.

    1975-01-01

    To evaluate reel audio tape, tests were performed to identify: signal-to-noise ratio, total harmonic distortion, dynamic response, frequency response, biased and virgin tape noise, dropout susceptibility and oxide coating uniformity. (SCC)

  2. Urinary incontinence - tension-free vaginal tape

    MedlinePlus

    ... small surgical cut (incision) is made inside your vagina. Two small cuts are made in your belly ... tape is passed through the cut inside the vagina. The tape is then positioned under your urethra. ...

  3. A Study of Audio Tape

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reen, Noel K.

    1975-01-01

    This is part I of a report on a study comparing reel and cassette tapes for signal-to-noise ration, total harmonic distortion, dynamic response, frequency response, bias and virgin noise and oxide coating uniformity. Test equipment and procedures are described and results are discussed. Charts detail research findings. (CHK)

  4. Scan converting video tape recorder

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Holt, N. I. (Inventor)

    1971-01-01

    A video tape recorder is disclosed of sufficient bandwidth to record monochrome television signals or standard NTSC field sequential color at current European and American standards. The system includes scan conversion means for instantaneous playback at scanning standards different from those at which the recording is being made.

  5. How to Tape an Ankle

    MedlinePlus

    ... Decide If You Need to See an Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Specialist How to Care for a Sprained Ankle How to Be Non-weightbearing After Surgery Footwear All Site Content AOFAS / FootCareMD / How To... / Foot Injury / How to Tape an Ankle How to ...

  6. EROS to universal tape conversion processor

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Obrien, S. O. (Principal Investigator)

    1980-01-01

    The function of the EROS processor is to allow a user to select a specific area from a full frame LANDSAT image which is written on tape in the EROS format. The area of interest is read from the EROS formatted tape and converted to the JSC Universal format and written onto another tape. This tape can then be read by the IMDACS processing system and normal analysis can be performed.

  7. High density tape/head interface study

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Csengery, L. C.

    1983-01-01

    The high energy (H sub c approximately or = to 650 oersteds) tapes and high track density (84 tracks per inch) heads investigated had, as its goal, the definition of optimum combinations of head and tape, including the control required of their interfacial dynamics that would enable the manufacture of high rate (150 Mbps) digital tape recorders for unattended space flight.

  8. Mary Tape, An Outspoken Woman. Primary Source.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    OAH Magazine of History, 2001

    2001-01-01

    Provides reproductions of primary documents pertaining to Mary Tape, a Chinese immigrant in San Francisco who fought to have her children admitted to public school, including a letter from Mary Tape to the Board of Education and an article about Mary Tape that appeared in the "Morning Call" (23 November 1892). (CMK)

  9. Circular tapered tape fabrication: Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Stockdale, D.A.

    1988-04-01

    A new approach to producing tapered tapes has been developed involving generating a tapered tape in a circular configuration on a lathe rather than a mill. This approach is more cost-effective and the redesigned slot configuration induced less stress on the tapes during installation and removal.

  10. Analysis of cache for streaming tape drive

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Chinnaswamy, V.

    1993-01-01

    A tape subsystem consists of a controller and a tape drive. Tapes are used for backup, data interchange, and software distribution. The backup operation is addressed. During a backup operation, data is read from disk, processed in CPU, and then sent to tape. The processing speeds of a disk subsystem, CPU, and a tape subsystem are likely to be different. A powerful CPU can read data from a fast disk, process it, and supply the data to the tape subsystem at a faster rate than the tape subsystem can handle. On the other hand, a slow disk drive and a slow CPU may not be able to supply data fast enough to keep a tape drive busy all the time. The backup process may supply data to tape drive in bursts. Each burst may be followed by an idle period. Depending on the nature of the file distribution in the disk, the input stream to the tape subsystem may vary significantly during backup. To compensate for these differences and optimize the utilization of a tape subsystem, a cache or buffer is introduced in the tape controller. Most of the tape drives today are streaming tape drives. A streaming tape drive goes into reposition when there is no data from the controller. Once the drive goes into reposition, the controller can receive data, but it cannot supply data to the tape drive until the drive completes its reposition. A controller can also receive data from the host and send data to the tape drive at the same time. The relationship of cache size, host transfer rate, drive transfer rate, reposition, and ramp up times for optimal performance of the tape subsystem are investigated. Formulas developed will also show the advantages of cache watermarks to increase the streaming time of the tape drive, maximum loss due to insufficient cache, tradeoffs between cache and reposition times and the effectiveness of cache on a streaming tape drive due to idle times or interruptions due in host transfers. Several mathematical formulas are developed to predict the performance of the tape

  11. Digital tape unit test facility software

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Jackson, J. T.

    1971-01-01

    Two computer programs are described which are used for the collection and analysis of data from the digital tape unit test facility (DTUTF). The data are the recorded results of skew tests made on magnetic digital tapes which are used on computers as input/output media. The results of each tape test are keypunched onto an 80 column computer card. The format of the card is checked and the card image is stored on a master summary tape via the DTUTF card checking and tape updating system. The master summary tape containing the results of all the tape tests is then used for analysis as input to the DTUTF histogram generating system which produces a histogram of skew vs. date for selected data, followed by some statistical analysis of the data.

  12. 41 CFR 101-26.508 - Electronic data processing (EDP) tape and instrumentation tape (wide and intermediate band).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... processing (EDP) tape and instrumentation tape (wide and intermediate band). 101-26.508 Section 101-26.508... Programs § 101-26.508 Electronic data processing (EDP) tape and instrumentation tape (wide and intermediate band). Procurement by Federal agencies of EDP tape and instrumentation tape (wide and intermediate...

  13. High density tape casting system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Collins, Earl R., Jr. (Inventor)

    1989-01-01

    A system is provided for casting thin sheets (or tapes) of particles bound together, that are used for oxygen membranes and other applications, which enables the particles to be cast at a high packing density in a tape of uniform thickness. A slurry contains the particles, a binder, and a solvent, and is cast against the inside walls of a rotating chamber. Prior to spraying the slurry against the chamber walls, a solvent is applied to a container. The solvent evaporates to saturate the chamber with solvent vapor. Only then is the slurry cast. As a result, the slurry remains fluid long enough to spread evenly over the casting surface formed by the chamber, and for the slurry particles to become densely packed. Only then is the chamber vented to remove solvent, so the slurry can dry. The major novel feature is applying solvent vapor to a rotating chamber before casting slurry against the chamber walls.

  14. Laser sensor database: Tape distributions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Carmer, D. C.; Grooms, J. L.

    1991-11-01

    The Laser Sensor Data Base consists of an archive of 493 data tapes and associated data descriptors residing in computer files. These data were collected under the Air Force's Cruise Missile Advanced Guidance Program, 1984-1989 and include laser range, laser intensity, passive thermal IR and visible TV imagery. The current data base maintenance contract will extend over five years and provides for maintenance of the records, answering inquiries and providing overviews of the imagery.

  15. Study of the thermo-magnetic fluctuations in carbon nano-tubes added Bi-2223 superconductors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Saoudel, A.; Amira, A.; Boudjadja, Y.; Mahamdioua, N.; Amirouche, L.; Varilci, A.; Altintas, S. P.; Terzioglu, C.

    2013-11-01

    We have investigated the effect of addition of carbon nano-tubes (CNT) on the properties of Bi1.6Pb0.4Sr2Ca2Cu3Oy superconductors. The samples are prepared from commercial powders with addition of 0.1 wt% of CNT. They are characterized by XRD, SEM and magneto-resistivity in the transition region. As it was reported for CNT added Y-123 compounds, the refined cell parameters are practically independent of this kind of addition. Under applied magnetic field, a large broadening of resistive transition is observed. The dissipative behavior of resistivity can be explained using the well known expression, ρ=ρ0(T/Tg-1)S. The modified vortex-glass to liquid transition theory is used to calculate the values of the glass-transition temperature Tg and the temperature and magnetic field dependent activation energy U0(B,T). These parameters are seen to decrease with CNT addition and applied magnetic field. Also, we have found that the undoped sample proves a better transition width, residual resistivity (ρ0) and a higher onset critical transition temperature of about 117.75 K. Also, the appearance of a double resistive transition for both samples is a confirmation of the existence of a secondary phase which plays the role of the weak links at the grain boundaries.

  16. Effect of ball milling materials and methods on powder processing of Bi2223 superconductors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yavuz, M.; Maeda, H.; Vance, L.; Liu, H. K.; Dou, S. X.

    1998-10-01

    Various milling systems consisting of agate and polypropylene grinding containers, agate and YSZ balls, and dry and wet milling were used in planetary ball-milling and YSZ balls and YSZ container were used in wet and dry attrition milling. The differently milled powders were then evaluated by measurements of particle size, surface area, porosity, size distribution and chemical analysis of the Si, Zr and C contents. The results show that dry milling is much more efficient for particle size reduction in planetary milling than wet milling, whereas wet milling and dry milling gave quite similar results in attrition milling. Meanwhile 0953-2048/11/10/056/img6 contamination was found in powder milled with an agate container with agate balls. Some C contamination from the polypropylene container was detected after milling, but negligible Zr from YSZ balls and C from the grinding carrier (hexane). It was found that after 1 h milling in the planetary mill fracture mechanisms transform from the elastic to the plastic region. Therefore, further milling is not very effective. It was also shown that the Bi2212 phase decomposes into several non-superconducting oxides such as 0953-2048/11/10/056/img7, CuO and a main amorphous phase after extensive dry milling.

  17. Method of producing superconducting fibers of bismuth strontium calcium copper oxide (Bi(2212) and Bi(2223))

    DOEpatents

    Schwartzkopf, Louis A.

    1991-10-01

    Fibers of Bi(2212) have been produce by pendant drop melt extraction. This technique involves the end of a rod of Bi(2212) melted with a hydrogen-oxygen torch, followed by lowering onto the edge of a spinning wheel. The fibers are up to 15 cm in length with the usual lateral dimensions, ranging from 20 um to 30 um. The fibers require a heat treatment to make them superconducting.

  18. Effect of magnetic element ions on collective pinning behaviour in Bi-2223 quadrilateral bars

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Adam, M. I.

    2007-10-01

    Frequency and ac field dependence of Bi1.6Pb0.4Sr2(Ca1-xMx)2Cu3Oδ quadrilateral bars with x ⩽ 0.02 and M = Pr, Nd, Sm, Gd and Ni, prepared by the conventional reaction method have been measured in the range of low field/frequency ac susceptibility and BSCCO superconducting temperature. The ac loss peak shifts to higher temperature and its summit shows nonlinear change with increasing frequency. Introduction of magnetic ions as defects is found to increase the intergranular critical current Jcm and the flux pinning of Bi(Pb)-2223 system. Application of the power law critical state model suggested that pinning behaviour of specimen could be viewed as hysteretic bulk pinning and/or flux creep. On the other hand, Jcm dependence activation energy is found to obey Ea ∝ J-μ relation, characteristic of the vortex glass/collective creep. Hence, collective pinning behaviour of specimens is discussed in view of the intergranular pinning mechanism.

  19. Engineering a bacterial tape recorder.

    PubMed

    Prokup, Alexander; Deiters, Alexander

    2015-05-01

    A method has been developed to produce and integrate single-stranded DNA into genomic locations in bacteria in response to exogenous signals. The system functions similarly to a cellular tape recorder by writing information into DNA and reading it at a later time. Much like other cellular memory platforms, its operation is based on DNA recombinase function. However, the scalability and recording capacity have been improved over previous designs. In addition, memory storage was reversible and could be recorded in response to analogue inputs, such as light exposure. This modular memory writing system is an important addition to the genomic editing toolbox available for synthetic biology. PMID:25821162

  20. Tape-recorded Lectures With Slide Synchronization

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goodhue, D.

    1969-01-01

    Describes "Taped Explanation Slide Synchronization" programs used for individual study or group showing in college zoology. Discusses preparation of programs, class organization, equipment, and costs. (EB)

  1. FGGE/ERBZ tape specification and shipping letter description

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Han, D.; Lo, H.

    1983-01-01

    The FGGE/ERBZ tape contains 5 parameters which are extracted and reformatted from the Nimbus-7 ERB Zonal Means Tape. There are three types of files on a FGGE/ERBZ tape: a tape header file, and data files. Physical characteristics, gross format, and file specifications are given. A sample tape check/document printout (shipping letter) is included.

  2. Pocket-size manual tape reader device aids computer tape checking

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Odle, F. L.

    1967-01-01

    Pocket-size plastic manual tape reader device aids in reading, interpreting, and correcting binary and octal coded punched tapes. The coded information is more easily read if the color of the back plate contrasts sharply with that of the tape.

  3. Device measures static friction of magnetic tape

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Cole, P. T.

    1967-01-01

    Device measures the coefficient of static friction of magnetic tape over a range of temperatures and relative humidities. It uses a strain gage to measure the force of friction between a reference surface and the tape drawn at a constant velocity of approximately 0.0001 inch per second relative to the reference surface.

  4. Multiple Generations on Video Tape Recorders.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wiens, Jacob H.

    Helical scan video tape recorders were tested for their dubbing characteristics in order to make selection data available to media personnel. The equipment, two recorders of each type tested, was submitted by the manufacturers. The test was designed to produce quality evaluations for three generations of a single tape, thereby encompassing all…

  5. Mechanical stabilization of BSCCO-2223 superconducting tapes

    SciTech Connect

    King, C.G.; Grey, D.A.; Mantone, A.

    1996-12-31

    A system to provide mechanical stabilization to high temperature BSCCO-2223 superconducting tape by laminating 0.081 mm thick, spring hard, copper foil to both sides with lead-tin eutectic solder has been successfully optimized. This system has been applied as a method to create a strong, windable composite from pure silver BSCCO tapes with a minimum of critical current (I{sub c}) degradation. The {open_quotes}as received{close_quotes} conductor is evaluated for physical consistency of width and thickness over the 3000 meters that were later strengthened, insulated and wound into a demonstration coil. Electrical degradation in the strengthened tape as a result of lamination was found to average 24 percent with a range from 4 to 51 percent. This was less than the degradation that would have occurred in an unstrengthened tape during subsequent insulation and coil winding processes. Additional work was performed to evaluate the mechanical properties of the strengthened tapes. The copper can double the ultimate tensile strength of the pure silver tapes. Additionally, pure silver and dispersion strengthened silver matrix tapes are laminated with 0.025 mm thick copper and 304 stainless steel foil to investigate minimization of the cross sectional area of the strengthening component. The stainless steel can increase the UTS of the pure silver tapes sixfold. Metallography is used to examine the laminate and the conductor. Mechanical properties and critical currents of these tapes are also reported both before and after strengthening. The I{sub c} is also measured as a function of strain on the laminated tapes.

  6. Design and implementation of scalable tape archiver

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Nemoto, Toshihiro; Kitsuregawa, Masaru; Takagi, Mikio

    1996-01-01

    In order to reduce costs, computer manufacturers try to use commodity parts as much as possible. Mainframes using proprietary processors are being replaced by high performance RISC microprocessor-based workstations, which are further being replaced by the commodity microprocessor used in personal computers. Highly reliable disks for mainframes are also being replaced by disk arrays, which are complexes of disk drives. In this paper we try to clarify the feasibility of a large scale tertiary storage system composed of 8-mm tape archivers utilizing robotics. In the near future, the 8-mm tape archiver will be widely used and become a commodity part, since recent rapid growth of multimedia applications requires much larger storage than disk drives can provide. We designed a scalable tape archiver which connects as many 8-mm tape archivers (element archivers) as possible. In the scalable archiver, robotics can exchange a cassette tape between two adjacent element archivers mechanically. Thus, we can build a large scalable archiver inexpensively. In addition, a sophisticated migration mechanism distributes frequently accessed tapes (hot tapes) evenly among all of the element archivers, which improves the throughput considerably. Even with the failures of some tape drives, the system dynamically redistributes hot tapes to the other element archivers which have live tape drives. Several kinds of specially tailored huge archivers are on the market, however, the 8-mm tape scalable archiver could replace them. To maintain high performance in spite of high access locality when a large number of archivers are attached to the scalable archiver, it is necessary to scatter frequently accessed cassettes among the element archivers and to use the tape drives efficiently. For this purpose, we introduce two cassette migration algorithms, foreground migration and background migration. Background migration transfers cassettes between element archivers to redistribute frequently accessed

  7. Development of advanced barium ferrite tape media

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shimizu, Osamu; Oyanagi, Masahito; Morooka, Atsushi; Mori, Masahiko; Kurihashi, Yuich; Tada, Toshio; Suzuki, Hiroyuki; Harasawa, Takeshi

    2016-02-01

    We developed an advanced particulate magnetic tape using fine barium ferrite (BaFe) particles for magnetic-tape storage systems. The new tape showed a signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) that was 3.5 dB higher than that of the commercially available BaFe tape used for the Linear Tape Open generation 6 tape-storage system, at a linear density of 300 kfci measured with a giant magnetoresistive head with a reader width of 0.45 μm. Such significant increase in SNR was achieved by reducing the magnetic particle volume from 1950 to 1350 nm3, while maintaining a sufficiently high thermal stability, improving the perpendicular squareness ratio from 0.66 to 0.83, and improving the surface roughness from 2.5 to 2.0 nm when measured by atomic force microscopy and from 2.4 to 0.9 nm when measured by optical interferometry. This paper describes the characteristics of the new BaFe particles and media, which are expected to be employed for future high-capacity linear-tape systems.

  8. Kinesio Taping Fundamentals for the Equine Athlete.

    PubMed

    Molle, Sybille

    2016-04-01

    The Kinesio taping method was developed in Japan for use in humans in 1979. The use of complementary therapies is becoming common in equine athletes and the discovery of Kinesio taping potential brought it into the animal world. Kinesio taping can be used to treat a wide range of clinical conditions, from tendon injuries to neurologic disorders and from muscle contractures to postural insufficiencies. Its use in veterinary medicine is promising, but relies heavily on evidence-based clinical reports. Further scientific research is needed to fully understand the real effectiveness of application. PMID:26898963

  9. High-Density-Tape Casting System

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Collins, Earl R., Jr.

    1987-01-01

    Centrifuge packs solids from slurry into uniform, dense layer. New system produces tapes of nearly theoretical packing density. Centrifugal system used to cast thin tapes for capacitors, fuel cells, and filters. Cylindrical rotary casting chamber mounted on high-speed bearings and connected to motor. Liquid for vapor-pressure control and casting slurry introduced from syringes through rotary seal. During drying step, liquid and vapor vented through feed tubes or other openings. Laminated tapes produced by adding more syringes to cast additional layers of different materials.

  10. Ankle inversion taping using kinesiology tape for treating medial ankle sprain in an amateur soccer player.

    PubMed

    Lee, Sun-Min; Lee, Jung-Hoon

    2015-07-01

    [Purpose] The purpose of this study was to report the effects of ankle inversion taping using kinesiology tape in a patient with a medial ankle sprain. [Subject] A 28-year-old amateur soccer player suffered a Grade 2 medial ankle sprain during a match. [Methods] Ankle inversion taping was applied to the sprained ankle every day for 2 months. [Results] His symptoms were reduced after ankle inversion taping application for 2 months. The self-reported function score, the reach distances in the Star Excursion Balance Test, and the weight-bearing ankle dorsiflexion were increased. [Conclusion] This study showed that ankle inversion taping using kinesiology tape may be an effective therapy for a patient with a medial ankle sprain. PMID:26311991

  11. Ankle inversion taping using kinesiology tape for treating medial ankle sprain in an amateur soccer player

    PubMed Central

    Lee, Sun-Min; Lee, Jung-Hoon

    2015-01-01

    [Purpose] The purpose of this study was to report the effects of ankle inversion taping using kinesiology tape in a patient with a medial ankle sprain. [Subject] A 28-year-old amateur soccer player suffered a Grade 2 medial ankle sprain during a match. [Methods] Ankle inversion taping was applied to the sprained ankle every day for 2 months. [Results] His symptoms were reduced after ankle inversion taping application for 2 months. The self-reported function score, the reach distances in the Star Excursion Balance Test, and the weight-bearing ankle dorsiflexion were increased. [Conclusion] This study showed that ankle inversion taping using kinesiology tape may be an effective therapy for a patient with a medial ankle sprain. PMID:26311991

  12. Effects of ankle eversion taping using kinesiology tape in a patient with ankle inversion sprain

    PubMed Central

    Lee, Sun-Min; Lee, Jung-Hoon

    2016-01-01

    [Purpose] The aim of this study was to report the effects of ankle eversion taping using kinesiology tape on ankle inversion sprain. [Subject] The subject was a 21-year-old woman with Grade 2 ankle inversion sprain. [Methods] Ankle eversion taping was applied to the sprained left ankle using kinesiology tape for 4 weeks (average, 15 h/day). [Results] Ankle instability and pain were reduced, and functional dynamic balance was improved after ankle eversion taping for 4 weeks. The Cumberland Ankle Instability Tool score and reach distances in the Y-Balance and lunge tests were increased. [Conclusion] Repeated ankle eversion taping may be an effective treatment intervention for ankle inversion sprain. PMID:27064668

  13. Effects of ankle eversion taping using kinesiology tape in a patient with ankle inversion sprain.

    PubMed

    Lee, Sun-Min; Lee, Jung-Hoon

    2016-01-01

    [Purpose] The aim of this study was to report the effects of ankle eversion taping using kinesiology tape on ankle inversion sprain. [Subject] The subject was a 21-year-old woman with Grade 2 ankle inversion sprain. [Methods] Ankle eversion taping was applied to the sprained left ankle using kinesiology tape for 4 weeks (average, 15 h/day). [Results] Ankle instability and pain were reduced, and functional dynamic balance was improved after ankle eversion taping for 4 weeks. The Cumberland Ankle Instability Tool score and reach distances in the Y-Balance and lunge tests were increased. [Conclusion] Repeated ankle eversion taping may be an effective treatment intervention for ankle inversion sprain. PMID:27064668

  14. Tape Cassette Bacteria Detection System

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1973-01-01

    The design, fabrication, and testing of an automatic bacteria detection system with a zero-g capability and based on the filter-capsule approach is described. This system is intended for monitoring the sterility of regenerated water in a spacecraft. The principle of detection is based on measuring the increase in chemiluminescence produced by the action of bacterial porphyrins (i.e., catalase, cytochromes, etc.) on a luminol-hydrogen peroxide mixture. Since viable as well as nonviable organisms initiate this luminescence, viable organisms are detected by comparing the signal of an incubated water sample with an unincubated control. Higher signals for the former indicate the presence of viable organisms. System features include disposable sealed sterile capsules, each containing a filter membrane, for processing discrete water samples and a tape transport for moving these capsules through a processing sequence which involves sample concentration, nutrient addition, incubation, a 4 Molar Urea wash and reaction with luminol-hydrogen peroxide in front of a photomultiplier tube. Liquids are introduced by means of a syringe needle which pierces a rubber septum contained in the wall of the capsule. Detection thresholds obtained with this unit towards E. coli and S. marcescens assuming a 400 ml water sample are indicated.

  15. Urinary incontinence - tension-free vaginal tape

    MedlinePlus

    ... place) Damage to the urethra, bladder, or vagina Erosion of the tape into surrounding normal tissues (urethra ... told to take with a small sip of water. Your doctor or nurse will tell you when ...

  16. Video Tape and the Mentally Retarded

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weisbord, H. F.

    1972-01-01

    Three uses of video tape recordings with the mentally retarded; discussed briefly are staff training or teacher education, parental involvement in the child's education, and therapeutic uses by psychiatrists and psychologists. (CB)

  17. New energy storage concept uses tapes

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gruber, A.; Kafesjian, R. R.

    1966-01-01

    Energy storage system uses movable permeable tapes with cathode and electrolyte material that is drawn across an anode to produce electric power. The system features long shelf life, high efficiency, and flexible operation.

  18. Light-Curing Adhesive Repair Tapes

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Allred, Ronald; Haight, Andrea Hoyt

    2009-01-01

    Adhesive tapes, the adhesive resins of which can be cured (and thereby rigidized) by exposure to ultraviolet and/or visible light, are being developed as repair patch materials. The tapes, including their resin components, consist entirely of solid, low-outgassing, nonhazardous or minimally hazardous materials. They can be used in air or in vacuum and can be cured rapidly, even at temperatures as low as -20 C. Although these tapes were originally intended for use in repairing structures in outer space, they can also be used on Earth for quickly repairing a wide variety of structures. They can be expected to be especially useful in situations in which it is necessary to rigidize tapes after wrapping them around or pressing them onto the parts to be repaired.

  19. Read/write head for a magnetic tape device having grooves for reducing tape floating

    DOEpatents

    Aoki, Kenji

    2005-08-09

    A read/write head for a magnetic tape includes an elongated chip assembly and a tape running surface formed in the longitudinal direction of the chip assembly. A pair of substantially spaced parallel read/write gap lines for supporting read/write elements extend longitudinally along the tape running surface of the chip assembly. Also, at least one groove is formed on the tape running surface on both sides of each of the read/write gap lines and extends substantially parallel to the read/write gap lines.

  20. Effects of ankle balance taping with kinesiology tape for a patient with chronic ankle instability.

    PubMed

    Kim, Byeong-Jo; Lee, Jung-Hoon; Kim, Chang-Tae; Lee, Sun-Min

    2015-07-01

    [Purpose] To report the effects of ankle balance taping for a patient with chronic ankle instability (CAI). [Subject] A 33-year-old man with a 10 year history of chronic ankle stability. [Methods] ABT with kinesiology tape was performed for 2 months (average, 16 h/day) around the right ankle. [Results] At the end of two months, no ankle instability was noted when ascending and descending the stairs, jumping, turning, operating the pedals while driving, and lifting heavy objects. [Conclusion] The repeated use of kinesiology tape in ankle balance taping may be an effective treatment for recovering the ankle stability of patients with chronic ankle instability. PMID:26311206

  1. Effects of ankle balance taping with kinesiology tape for a patient with chronic ankle instability

    PubMed Central

    Kim, Byeong-Jo; Lee, Jung-Hoon; Kim, Chang-Tae; Lee, Sun-Min

    2015-01-01

    [Purpose] To report the effects of ankle balance taping for a patient with chronic ankle instability (CAI). [Subject] A 33-year-old man with a 10 year history of chronic ankle stability. [Methods] ABT with kinesiology tape was performed for 2 months (average, 16 h/day) around the right ankle. [Results] At the end of two months, no ankle instability was noted when ascending and descending the stairs, jumping, turning, operating the pedals while driving, and lifting heavy objects. [Conclusion] The repeated use of kinesiology tape in ankle balance taping may be an effective treatment for recovering the ankle stability of patients with chronic ankle instability. PMID:26311206

  2. Superconducting properties of multilayered Ag/Bi(Pb)-2223 tapes prepared using pretextured monolayered tapes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Syamaprasad, U.; Sarma, M. S.; Guruswamy, P.; Pillai, S. G. K.; Warrier, K. G. K.; Damodaran, A. D.

    1997-02-01

    Multilayered Ag/Bi(Pb)-2223 tapes with high critical current densities 0953-2048/10/2/005/img1 have been fabricated using partially heat treated, textured monolayered tapes. Cut sections of the monolayered tapes have been stacked one over the other and folded together using high-purity silver foil and further rolled and heat treated to obtain multilayered tapes of different thickness with an HTS layer thickness varying from 9 to 0953-2048/10/2/005/img2. A comparison of the superconducting properties of the multilayered tapes with those of monolayered tapes prepared under identical heat treatment conditions shows that the 0953-2048/10/2/005/img3 ratio at 77 K is as high as 0.57. The ratio is found to decrease with a decrease in the HTS core thickness of the multilayered tapes. XRD studies of `banana peeled' samples show that the monolayered tapes at the folding stage acquire a good degree of texturing. The relatively high value of the 0953-2048/10/2/005/img3 ratio obtained in the present case compared with those reported by the existing techniques is attributed to the use of pretextured monolayered tapes.

  3. Educational Uses of Cartridge Tapes. Dissemination Document No. 11.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Levine, S. Joseph

    Tape cartridges for use by special education teachers are analyzed according to design, effective use, and availability. Basic operating principles of cassette and continuous loop tape cartridges are described and illustrated. Advantages of tape cartridges are indicated, such as the following: the position is saved on tape during student timeouts,…

  4. User's guide and tape specification for ERB 7 DELMAT

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ardanuy, P.; Penn, L.

    1985-01-01

    Guidance is provided to the DELMAT user in the areas of purpose, use and limitations of DELMAT tapes and software. The DELMAT tape specifications is also provided. The ERB-7, ERB MAT and tape characteristics applicable to the DELMAT tapes are also summarized.

  5. Fabrication and microstructure of Hg-1223 tape

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Meng, R. L.; Wang, Y. Q.; Lewis, K.; Garcia, C.; Gao, L.; Xue, Y. Y.; Chu, C. W.

    1997-08-01

    A two-step spray/press process for the fabrication of Hg-1223 tape on a flexible Ni-substrate coated with Cr/(Ag,Pd) has been developed by using the mechanically aligned c-axis oriented Hg-1212 micrograins as the nucleation sites for the large c-axis oriented Hg-1223 grain growth. The self-field Jc of Hg-1223 tapes so reproducibly obtained is 7×104 A/cm2 at 77 K.

  6. Aligned Carbon Nanotube Tape for Sensor Applications

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Tucker, Dennis S.

    2013-01-01

    For this effort, will concentrate on three applications: Vibration Gyroscope utilizes piezoelectric properties of the tape and Coriolis effect Accelerometer utilizes the piezoresistive property Strain Gauge utilizes piezoresistive property Accelerometer and Strain Gauge can also utilize piezoelectric effect Test piezoelectric properties using facilities at the Microfabrication Laboratory (AMRDEC) . Enhance piezoelectric effect using polyvinylidine fluoride and P(VDF ]TrFE) which is readily polarizable .Spray matrix solution while winding fiber; Sandwich of CNT tape and PVDF film (DOE .Two Level) . Construct and test prototype vibration gyroscope . Construct and test prototype accelerometer using cantilever design . Test strain sensitivity of CNT tape against industrial strain gauge . Embed CNT tape in composite samples as well as on surface and test to failure (4 ]point bend) A piezoelectric device exhibits an electrical response from a mechanical applied stress. . A piezoelectric device has both capacitance and resistance properties in which by applying an electric field from a waveform will exert a mechanical stress that can be monitored for a response. . The typical waveform applied is a sinusoidal waveform of a defined voltage for a defined period. The defined voltage is driven from 0 volts to the positive defined volts then back to 0 and driven to negative defined volts then back to 0. . Example. Vmax set to 10V and period set to 10 ms. . Voltage will start at zero, go to 10 volts, return to zero, go to ]10 volts and return to zero during 10 ms. . Applying this electrical field to a DUT, the capacitance response and resistance response can be observed. CNT tape is easier to manufacture and cheaper than micromachining silicon or other ceramic piezoelectric used in gyroscopes and accelerometers CNT tape properties can be modified during manufacture for specific application CNT tape has enhanced mechanical and thermal properties in addition to unique electrical

  7. FGGE/ERBM tape specification and shipping letter description

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Han, D.; Lo, H.

    1983-01-01

    The Nimbus-7 FGGE/ERBM tape contains 27 ERB parameters which are extracted and reformatted from the Nimbus-7 ERB-MATRIX tape. There are four types of files on a FGGE/ERBM tape: a test file; tape-header file which describes the data set characteristics and the contents of the tape; a grid-descriptor file which contains the information of the ERB scanning channel target number and their associated latitude limits and longitude intervals; and one or more data files. A single end-of-file (EOF) tape mark is written after each file, and two EOF marks are written after the last data file on the tape.

  8. Magnetic tape recorder for long operating life in space.

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bahm, E. J.; Hoffman, J. K.

    1971-01-01

    Magnetic tape recorders have long been used on satellites and spacecraft for onboard storage of large quantities of data. As satellites enter into commercial service, long operating life at high reliability becomes important. Also, the presently planned long-duration space flights to the outer planets require long-life tape recorders. Past satellite tape recorders have achieved a less than satisfactory performance record and the operating life of other spacecraft tape recorders has been relatively short and unpredictable. Most failures have resulted from malfunctions of the mechanical tape transport. Recent advances in electric motors and static memories have allowed the development of a new tape recorder which uses a very simple tape transport with few possible failure modes. It consists only of two brushless dc motors, two tape guides, and the recording heads. Relatively low tape tension, wide torque capability, and precise speed control facilitate design for mechanical reliability to match that of tape-recorder electronics.

  9. 41 CFR 101-26.508 - Electronic data processing (EDP) tape and instrumentation tape (wide and intermediate band).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Programs § 101-26.508 Electronic data processing (EDP) tape and instrumentation tape (wide and intermediate... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Electronic data processing (EDP) tape and instrumentation tape (wide and intermediate band). 101-26.508 Section...

  10. 41 CFR 101-26.508 - Electronic data processing (EDP) tape and instrumentation tape (wide and intermediate band).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Programs § 101-26.508 Electronic data processing (EDP) tape and instrumentation tape (wide and intermediate... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 2 2014-07-01 2012-07-01 true Electronic data processing (EDP) tape and instrumentation tape (wide and intermediate band). 101-26.508 Section...

  11. 41 CFR 101-26.508 - Electronic data processing (EDP) tape and instrumentation tape (wide and intermediate band).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Programs § 101-26.508 Electronic data processing (EDP) tape and instrumentation tape (wide and intermediate... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 2 2013-07-01 2012-07-01 true Electronic data processing (EDP) tape and instrumentation tape (wide and intermediate band). 101-26.508 Section...

  12. 41 CFR 101-26.508 - Electronic data processing (EDP) tape and instrumentation tape (wide and intermediate band).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Electronic data processing (EDP) tape and instrumentation tape (wide and intermediate band). 101-26.508 Section 101-26.508... Programs § 101-26.508 Electronic data processing (EDP) tape and instrumentation tape (wide and...

  13. Strategy for robot motion and path planning in robot taping

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yuan, Qilong; Chen, I.-Ming; Lembono, Teguh Santoso; Landén, Simon Nelson; Malmgren, Victor

    2016-06-01

    Covering objects with masking tapes is a common process for surface protection in processes like spray painting, plasma spraying, shot peening, etc. Manual taping is tedious and takes a lot of effort of the workers. The taping process is a special process which requires correct surface covering strategy and proper attachment of the masking tape for an efficient surface protection. We have introduced an automatic robot taping system consisting of a robot manipulator, a rotating platform, a 3D scanner and specially designed taping end-effectors. This paper mainly talks about the surface covering strategies for different classes of geometries. The methods and corresponding taping tools are introduced for taping of following classes of surfaces: Cylindrical/extended surfaces, freeform surfaces with no grooves, surfaces with grooves, and rotational symmetrical surfaces. A collision avoidance algorithm is introduced for the robot taping manipulation. With further improvements on segmenting surfaces of taping parts and tape cutting mechanisms, such taping solution with the taping tool and the taping methodology can be combined as a very useful and practical taping package to assist humans in this tedious and time costly work.

  14. Strategy for robot motion and path planning in robot taping

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yuan, Qilong; Chen, I.-Ming; Lembono, Teguh Santoso; Landén, Simon Nelson; Malmgren, Victor

    2016-05-01

    Covering objects with masking tapes is a common process for surface protection in processes like spray painting, plasma spraying, shot peening, etc. Manual taping is tedious and takes a lot of effort of the workers. The taping process is a special process which requires correct surface covering strategy and proper attachment of the masking tape for an efficient surface protection. We have introduced an automatic robot taping system consisting of a robot manipulator, a rotating platform, a 3D scanner and specially designed taping end-effectors. This paper mainly talks about the surface covering strategies for different classes of geometries. The methods and corresponding taping tools are introduced for taping of following classes of surfaces: Cylindrical/extended surfaces, freeform surfaces with no grooves, surfaces with grooves, and rotational symmetrical surfaces. A collision avoidance algorithm is introduced for the robot taping manipulation. With further improvements on segmenting surfaces of taping parts and tape cutting mechanisms, such taping solution with the taping tool and the taping methodology can be combined as a very useful and practical taping package to assist humans in this tedious and time costly work.

  15. Krytox Lubrication Tape Study. [fluorinated lubricating oil for video tape recorders

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lee, F.

    1978-01-01

    The use of Krytox, a fluorinated oil, as a tape surface lubricant was studied for a wideband video tape recorder. In spite of the 5 to 1 head wear reduction credited to the surface lubricant, the resultant head life fell short of the 1500 hour goal.

  16. Effects of kinesio tape compared with non-elastic tape on hand grip strength.

    PubMed

    Kim, Ji Young; Kim, Seong Yeol

    2016-05-01

    [Purpose] Many assumptions have been made about taping and several studies have considered tape application methods; however, the true effect of taping on muscle strength remains unclear. Most previous studies compared application techniques using Kinesio tape (KT), but studies that compared muscle strength using non-elastic tape (NT) are limited. Moreover, no studies have applied KT and NT in the same way to assess grip strength in normal subjects. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the immediate effect of application of two tapes with different elastic properties on maximal grip strength in healthy adults. [Subjects and Methods] Twenty healthy adults were divided into two groups (KT and NT). Maximal grip strength was measured with a dynamometer. Forearm extensor muscles of the dominant hand were then taped and subjects were immediately asked to perform hand grip movement with maximum strength in the same standardized manner. [Results] In the KT group, maximal grip strength was significantly increased compared to the initial value; however, in the NT group, there was no significant difference in maximal grip strength. [Conclusion] This study suggests that only Kinesio tape can increase maximal grip strength immediately after application on the extensor region of the forearm. PMID:27313372

  17. Effects of kinesio tape compared with non-elastic tape on hand grip strength

    PubMed Central

    Kim, Ji Young; Kim, Seong Yeol

    2016-01-01

    [Purpose] Many assumptions have been made about taping and several studies have considered tape application methods; however, the true effect of taping on muscle strength remains unclear. Most previous studies compared application techniques using Kinesio tape (KT), but studies that compared muscle strength using non-elastic tape (NT) are limited. Moreover, no studies have applied KT and NT in the same way to assess grip strength in normal subjects. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the immediate effect of application of two tapes with different elastic properties on maximal grip strength in healthy adults. [Subjects and Methods] Twenty healthy adults were divided into two groups (KT and NT). Maximal grip strength was measured with a dynamometer. Forearm extensor muscles of the dominant hand were then taped and subjects were immediately asked to perform hand grip movement with maximum strength in the same standardized manner. [Results] In the KT group, maximal grip strength was significantly increased compared to the initial value; however, in the NT group, there was no significant difference in maximal grip strength. [Conclusion] This study suggests that only Kinesio tape can increase maximal grip strength immediately after application on the extensor region of the forearm. PMID:27313372

  18. Ubiquitous Graphene Electronics on Scotch Tape

    PubMed Central

    Chung, Yoonyoung; Ho Kim, Hyun; Lee, Sangryun; Lee, Eunho; Won Kim, Seong; Ryu, Seunghwa; Cho, Kilwon

    2015-01-01

    We report a novel concept of graphene transistors on Scotch tape for use in ubiquitous electronic systems. Unlike common plastic substrates such as polyimide and polyethylene terephthalate, the Scotch tape substrate is easily attached onto various objects such as banknotes, curved surfaces, and human skin, which implies potential applications wherein electronics can be placed in any desired position. Furthermore, the soft Scotch tape serves as an attractive substrate for flexible/foldable electronics that can be significantly bent, or even crumpled. We found that the adhesive layer of the tape with a relatively low shear modulus relaxes the strain when subjected to bending. The capacitance of the gate dielectric made of oxidized aluminum oxide was 1.5 μF cm−2, so that a supply voltage of only 2.5 V was sufficient to operate the devices. As-fabricated graphene transistors on Scotch tape exhibited high electron mobility of 1326 (±155) cm2 V−1 s−1; the transistors still showed high mobility of 1254 (±478) cm2 V−1 s−1 even after they were crumpled. PMID:26220874

  19. Using magnetic tape technology for data migration

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Therrien, David; Cheung, Yim-Ling

    1993-01-01

    Magnetic tape and optical disk library units (jukeboxes) are satisfying the demand for high-capacity cost-effective storage. The choice between optical disk and magnetic tape technology must take into account the cost limitations as well as the performance and reliability requirements of the user environment. Library units require data management software in order to function in an automated and user-transparent way. The most common data management applications are backup and recovery, data migration, and archiving. The medium access patterns that these applications create will be described. Since the most user visible application is data migration, a queue simulator was developed to model its performance against a variety of library units. The major subject of this paper is the design and implementation of this simulator as well as some simulation results. The relative cost and reliability of magnetic tape versus optical disk library units is presented for completeness.

  20. Digital optical tape: Technology and standardization issues

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Podio, Fernando L.

    1996-01-01

    During the coming years, digital data storage technologies will continue an aggressive growth to satisfy the user's need for higher storage capacities, higher data transfer rates and long-term archival media properties. Digital optical tape is a promising technology to satisfy these user's needs. As any emerging data storage technology, the industry faces many technological and standardization challenges. The technological challenges are great, but feasible to overcome. Although it is too early to consider formal industry standards, the optical tape industry has decided to work together by initiating prestandardization efforts that may lead in the future to formal voluntary industry standards. This paper will discuss current industry optical tape drive developments and the types of standards that will be required for the technology. The status of current industry prestandardization efforts will also be discussed.

  1. Catalog of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory Meteorological Tape Library

    SciTech Connect

    Bell, M.A.

    1983-08-01

    This report gives a complete inventory of the data tapes in the ORNL Meteorological Tape Library (OMTL). The attributes of each tape, including location of the weather station (city and state), station number, standard data format, dates covered, data set name(s), and job control language considerations (record format, record length, blocksize, tape label, and tape density), are listed for each tape. In addition, a description of some of the special characteristics of each of the available standard meteorological data formats is presented.

  2. Accuracy testing of steel and electric groundwater-level measuring tapes: Test method and in-service tape accuracy

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Fulford, Janice M.; Clayton, Christopher S.

    2015-01-01

    The calibration device and proposed method were used to calibrate a sample of in-service USGS steel and electric groundwater tapes. The sample of in-service groundwater steel tapes were in relatively good condition. All steel tapes, except one, were accurate to ±0.01 ft per 100 ft over their entire length. One steel tape, which had obvious damage in the first hundred feet, was marginally outside the accuracy of ±0.01 ft per 100 ft by 0.001 ft. The sample of in-service groundwater-level electric tapes were in a range of conditions—from like new, with cosmetic damage, to nonfunctional. The in-service electric tapes did not meet the USGS accuracy recommendation of ±0.01 ft. In-service electric tapes, except for the nonfunctional tape, were accurate to about ±0.03 ft per 100 ft. A comparison of new with in-service electric tapes found that steel-core electric tapes maintained their length and accuracy better than electric tapes without a steel core. The in-service steel tapes could be used as is and achieve USGS accuracy recommendations for groundwater-level measurements. The in-service electric tapes require tape corrections to achieve USGS accuracy recommendations for groundwater-level measurement.

  3. Effects of Kinesio taping and Mcconnell taping on balance and walking speed of hemiplegia patients.

    PubMed

    Choi, Yong-Kyu; Park, Young-Han; Lee, Jung-Ho

    2016-04-01

    [Purpose] The aim of this study was to evaluate the overlap effect of the PNF following the application of Kinesio taping and the McConnell taping, and also the impact of the taping application method on the balance and walking speed of the patients with stroke. [Subjects and Methods] Thirty-six patients who were diagnosed with hemiplegia due to stroke were selected as subjects of this study. They were randomly and evenly divided into experiment group 1 (Kinesio taping group), experiment group 2 (McConnell taping group), and the control group; each group had 12 patients. [Results] The Berg balance scale (BBS) was used to evaluate balance, and the ability in this study. A 10 m walking test (10MWT) was performed to measure the walking speed. Experiment group 1 showed a statistically significant improvement in balance and walking speed compared to experiment group 2, and the control group in week 4 and week 8. [Conclusion] Application of Kinesio taping had a more beneficial effect on the balance and walking speed than joint-fixation taping of the patients with stroke. PMID:27190448

  4. Effects of Kinesio taping and Mcconnell taping on balance and walking speed of hemiplegia patients

    PubMed Central

    Choi, Yong-Kyu; Park, Young-Han; Lee, Jung-Ho

    2016-01-01

    [Purpose] The aim of this study was to evaluate the overlap effect of the PNF following the application of Kinesio taping and the McConnell taping, and also the impact of the taping application method on the balance and walking speed of the patients with stroke. [Subjects and Methods] Thirty-six patients who were diagnosed with hemiplegia due to stroke were selected as subjects of this study. They were randomly and evenly divided into experiment group 1 (Kinesio taping group), experiment group 2 (McConnell taping group), and the control group; each group had 12 patients. [Results] The Berg balance scale (BBS) was used to evaluate balance, and the ability in this study. A 10 m walking test (10MWT) was performed to measure the walking speed. Experiment group 1 showed a statistically significant improvement in balance and walking speed compared to experiment group 2, and the control group in week 4 and week 8. [Conclusion] Application of Kinesio taping had a more beneficial effect on the balance and walking speed than joint-fixation taping of the patients with stroke. PMID:27190448

  5. Towards a 1000 tracks digital tape recorder

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Coutellier, J. M.; Castera, J. P.; Colineau, J.; Lehureau, J. C.; Maurice, F.; Hanna, C.

    1993-01-01

    As the demand for high data rate (up to 1 Gb/s), high density (down to 1 sq micron/bit) tape recorder increases, the main investigation trend is an improvement of the well known helical scan concept. The drawbacks of this technology are also well known; sophisticated mechanics, head to tape contact, and wear problems. In our fixed head approach, the recorder mechanics is made much more simple, but the complexity is turned towards the integrated magnetic components, which have to record and reproduce hundreds of tracks in parallel. Our multiplexed write inductive head and magneto-optical readout head will be described, and the global system performances evaluated.

  6. Textured substrate tape and devices thereof

    DOEpatents

    Goyal, Amit

    2006-08-08

    A method for forming a sharply biaxially textured substrate, such as a single crystal substrate, includes the steps of providing a deformed metal substrate, followed by heating above the secondary recrystallization temperature of the deformed substrate, and controlling the secondary recrystallization texture by either using thermal gradients and/or seeding. The seed is selected to shave a stable texture below a predetermined temperature. The sharply biaxially textured substrate can be formed as a tape having a length of 1 km, or more. Epitaxial articles can be formed from the tapes to include an epitaxial electromagnetically active layer. The electromagnetically active layer can be a superconducting layer.

  7. Tape-Drop Transient Model for In-Situ Automated Tape Placement of Thermoplastic Composites

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Costen, Robert C.; Marchello, Joseph M.

    1998-01-01

    Composite parts of nonuniform thickness can be fabricated by in-situ automated tape placement (ATP) if the tape can be started and stopped at interior points of the part instead of always at its edges. This technique is termed start/stop-on-the-part, or, alternatively, tape-add/tape-drop. The resulting thermal transients need to be managed in order to achieve net shape and maintain uniform interlaminar weld strength and crystallinity. Starting-on-the-part has been treated previously. This paper continues the study with a thermal analysis of stopping-on-the-part. The thermal source is switched off when the trailing end of the tape enters the nip region of the laydown/consolidation head. The thermal transient is determined by a Fourier-Laplace transform solution of the two-dimensional, time-dependent thermal transport equation. This solution requires that the Peclet number Pe (the dimensionless ratio of inertial to diffusive heat transport) be independent of time and much greater than 1. Plotted isotherms show that the trailing tape-end cools more rapidly than the downstream portions of tape. This cooling can weaken the bond near the tape end; however the length of the affected region is found to be less than 2 mm. To achieve net shape, the consolidation head must continue to move after cut-off until the temperature on the weld interface decreases to the glass transition temperature. The time and elapsed distance for this condition to occur are computed for the Langley ATP robot applying PEEK/carbon fiber composite tape and for two upgrades in robot performance. The elapsed distance after cut-off ranges from about 1 mm for the present robot to about 1 cm for the second upgrade.

  8. Elastic therapeutic tape: do they have the same material properties?

    PubMed Central

    Boonkerd, Chuanpis; Limroongreungrat, Weerawat

    2016-01-01

    [Purpose] Elastic therapeutic tape has been widely used for rehabilitation and treatment of sports injuries. Tapes with different elastic properties serve different treatment purposes with inappropriate tension reducing tape effectiveness. Many tapes are available in the market, but studies on tape properties are limited. The aim of this study was to examine the material properties of elastic therapeutic tape. [Subjects and Methods] Brands of elastic therapeutic tape included KinesioTex®, ATex, Mueller, 3M, and ThaiTape. The Material Testing System Insight® 1 Electromechanical Testing Systems was used to apply a tensile force on elastic therapeutic tape. Ten specimens of each brand were tested. Stress, load, and Young’s modulus at 25%, 50%, 75%, 100%, and maximum point were collected. One-way analysis of variance with post hoc testing was used to analyze tape parameters. [Results] Maximum elongation and Young’s modulus at all percentages were significantly different between brands. There were no differences in maximum load and maximum stress. [Conclusion] Mechanical properties are different for commercial elastic therapeutic tapes. Physiotherapists and other clinicians should be aware of mechanical tape properties to correctly apply kinesio tape. PMID:27190472

  9. Elastic therapeutic tape: do they have the same material properties?

    PubMed

    Boonkerd, Chuanpis; Limroongreungrat, Weerawat

    2016-04-01

    [Purpose] Elastic therapeutic tape has been widely used for rehabilitation and treatment of sports injuries. Tapes with different elastic properties serve different treatment purposes with inappropriate tension reducing tape effectiveness. Many tapes are available in the market, but studies on tape properties are limited. The aim of this study was to examine the material properties of elastic therapeutic tape. [Subjects and Methods] Brands of elastic therapeutic tape included KinesioTex(®), ATex, Mueller, 3M, and ThaiTape. The Material Testing System Insight(®) 1 Electromechanical Testing Systems was used to apply a tensile force on elastic therapeutic tape. Ten specimens of each brand were tested. Stress, load, and Young's modulus at 25%, 50%, 75%, 100%, and maximum point were collected. One-way analysis of variance with post hoc testing was used to analyze tape parameters. [Results] Maximum elongation and Young's modulus at all percentages were significantly different between brands. There were no differences in maximum load and maximum stress. [Conclusion] Mechanical properties are different for commercial elastic therapeutic tapes. Physiotherapists and other clinicians should be aware of mechanical tape properties to correctly apply kinesio tape. PMID:27190472

  10. Wide Variety of Experiments Using a Cryogen-Free 27.5 T Hybrid Magnet and a Cryogen-Free 18.1 T Superconducting Magnet

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Watanabe, K.; Awaji, S.; Oguro, H.

    2013-03-01

    A cryogen-free hybrid magnet without liquid helium for operation, generating 27.5 T in a 32 mm room temperature bore of an 8 MW water-cooled resistive insert magnet in an 8.5 T background field of a cryogen-free superconducting outsert magnet, is being operated for basic research at low temperatures down to 17 mK in combination with a dilution refrigerator. In addition, we are developing functional materials using a differential thermal analysis DTA at high temperatures up to 1473 K in high fields up to 27 T. This cryogen-free hybrid magnet will be upgraded to generate 29 T by improving the outer superconducting magnet. A cryogen-free 18.1 T superconducting magnet with a 52 mm room temperature experimental bore, consisting of a Bi2Sr2Ca2Cu3O10 (Bi2223) insert coil, has been developed using a GM-JT cryocooler. Recently, bronze-tape-laminated Bi2223 has revealed excellent irreversible stress tolerance of 250 MPa at 77 K. In addition, the critical current properties for recent Bi2223 tapes are largely improved from 200 to 400 A/cm-width at 77 K in a self-field. Therefore, the stainless steel reinforcement tape incorporated for the previous Bi2223 insert coil is no longer needed for a new Bi2223 one. A new Bi2223 insert coil with almost the same size as the existing insert coil can generate two times higher fields at the elevated operation current from 162 to 191 A. An upgraded cryogen-free superconducting magnet can offer a long-term experiment at the constant magnetic field of 20 T for an in-field heat-treatment investigation.

  11. FGGE/SMMR-30 tape specification and shipping letter description

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Han, D.; Lo, H.

    1983-01-01

    The Nimbus-7 FGGE/SMMR-30 tape which contains sea ice concentration data in 30 km resolution which are extracted and reformatted from Nimbus-7 SMMR PARM-30 tapes in accordance with the FGGE level II International Exchange Format Specification is outlined. There are three types of files on a FGGE/SMMR-30 tape. The first file on the tape is a test file. The second file on the tape is a tape header file. The remaining one or more files are data files. All files are terminated with a single end of file (EOP) tape mark. The last file is terminated with two EOF tape marks. All files are made up of one or more physical records. Each physical record contains 2960 bytes. Each data file contains all available values for a 6 hour synoptic time period.

  12. Heat reflecting tape for thermoelectric converter

    DOEpatents

    Purdy, David L.

    1977-01-01

    Threads are interlaced with thermoelectric wires to provide a woven cloth in tape form, there being an intermediate layer of heat radiation reflecting material (e.g., aluminum foil) insulated electrically from said wires, which are of opposite thermoelectric polarity and connected as a plurality of thermocouples.

  13. A Tape-Lecture Course in Electrochemistry.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sheridan, P.

    1978-01-01

    Investigates the possibility of using audio-tapes for self-study courses in technical colleges. This article presents: (1) description of the electrochemistry course taught; (2) results of the assessment of student reaction to the course; and (3) conclusions. (HM)

  14. Manual of Tape Scripts: French, Level 1.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lipton, Gladys; And Others

    Designed specifically for use in the oral phase of first-level French classes in New York City Public Schools, these scripts may be used as supplemental drill or review material in any beginning conversational French course with or without the accompanying audio tapes. The two-part manual treats through a variety of drills such aspects of grammar…

  15. Analysis of particulates on tape lift samples

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Moision, Robert M.; Chaney, John A.; Panetta, Chris J.; Liu, De-Ling

    2014-09-01

    Particle counts on tape lift samples taken from a hardware surface exceeded threshold requirements in six successive tests despite repeated cleaning of the surface. Subsequent analysis of the particle size distributions of the failed tests revealed that the handling and processing of the tape lift samples may have played a role in the test failures. In order to explore plausible causes for the observed size distribution anomalies, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), and time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry (ToF-SIMS) were employed to perform chemical analysis on collected particulates. SEM/EDX identified Na and S containing particles on the hardware samples in a size range identified as being responsible for the test failures. ToF-SIMS was employed to further examine the Na and S containing particulates and identified the molecular signature of sodium alkylbenzene sulfonates, a common surfactant used in industrial detergent. The root cause investigation suggests that the tape lift test failures originated from detergent residue left behind on the glass slides used to mount and transport the tape following sampling and not from the hardware surface.

  16. Idea Bank: Duct Tape Note Twister

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McHenry, Molly

    2008-01-01

    In this article, the author relates how she observed a middle school math teacher deliver a miserable class. She realized that she did the same thing to her music students. To engage her students, she developed "Note Twister," a music reading game using duct tape to form musical notes and the basic premise behind the game, "Twister." She finds…

  17. Multiprocessor system for Holter tape analysis (ECG)

    SciTech Connect

    Feldman, C.L.; Hubelbank, M.; Valvo, V.; Lane, B.

    1983-01-01

    Although techniques for recording and analyzing longterm ambulatory ECGS have been in existence for more than 20 years, the clinical usefulness and frequency of application of the technique continue to grow at an extraordinary rate. To meet the need for faster, more efficient processing of Holter tapes and the growing requirement that the analysis of the tape be quantitatively accurate, a new Holter analysis system has been developed. This system is built around two LSI11 microprocessors and a special purpose byte processor which incorporates an AMD 2903 bit slice chip. It includes 30 MB of mass storage and an impact printer with alphanumeric and graphic capabilities. In a test which included 55 separate readings of 34 12- or 24-hour tapes, correlations with hand counts of vpbs was greater than .99. The system processes either cassette or reel-to-reel tapes at 120* with simultaneous print/process capabilities, has a variety of user interactive displays to assure continuous operator validation, is remarkably nonfatiguing to operate, and automatically produces reports with tables, graphs, and sample ECG strips. 8 references.

  18. Laboratory-scale unidirectional tape prepregger

    SciTech Connect

    Coutts, R.S.P.

    1993-12-31

    In a collaborative project between CSIRO and Boeing USA new resins are under investigation. These are to be tested as matrix materials suitable for application in carbon fiber reinforced composites for use in the aerospace industry. To enable the resins to be quantitatively characterized a laboratory-scale prepregger was designed and built to produce unidirectional tape suitable for composite fabrication.

  19. Tape Lessons to Accompany Intermediate Nepali Reader.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Verma, Manindra K.

    These tape lessons follow the sequence of the intermediate Nepali Reader. There are 12 lessons each containing various types of exercises designed to increase listening, speaking, and reading skills. Each lesson contains the following types of exercises: (1) listening comprehension; (2) question answering; (3) repetition; and (4) multiple choice…

  20. "Space slitter" for film or tape

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Johnson, W. H.

    1978-01-01

    Device cuts film or tape into strips by guiding film in channel under cutting blades. Device is operated by lifting pressure bar to insert blades into film. Film is then pulled through blades. Cutter has potential uses in advertising, commercial art, and publishing fields.

  1. A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF VIDEO TAPE RECORDINGS.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    WIENS, JACOB H.

    THE COMPARATIVE EFFECTIVENESS OF PRESENTLY AVAILABLE VIDEO TAPE MACHINES IS REPORTED, FOR THE CONVENIENCE OF SCHOOL ADMINISTRATORS PLANNING TO USE SUCH EQUIPMENT IN EDUCATIONAL PROGRAMS. TESTS WERE CONDUCTED AT THE WIENS ELECTRONIC LABORATORIES. MACHINE BRANDS TESTED WERE AMPEX, CONCORD, MACHTRONICS, PRECISION, RCA, SONY, AND WOLLENSAK. A DETAILED…

  2. Artificial Intelligence Controls Tape-Recording Sequence

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Schwuttke, Ursula M.; Otamura, Roy M.; Zottarelli, Lawrence J.

    1989-01-01

    Developmental expert-system computer program intended to schedule recording of large amounts of data on limited amount of magnetic tape. Schedules recording using two sets of rules. First set incorporates knowledge of locations for recording of new data. Second set incorporates knowledge about issuing commands to recorder. Designed primarily for use on Voyager Spacecraft, also applicable to planning and sequencing in industry.

  3. Inconsistencies in tape read and tape write programs on the I-100 image analysis system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hocutt, W. T. (Principal Investigator)

    1978-01-01

    The author has identified the following significant results. The tape read and write programs currently available on the 1-100 perform their intended functions of reading and writing tapes, but are difficult to use because they contain a number of inconsistencies. These inconsistencies can often be overcome by the use of work-around procedures and by trial and error, which is an inefficient use of expensive computer systems that should not be necessary.

  4. Tester automatically checks paper tape punch and reader after maintenance

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Mazer, L.; Mc Murchy, D. D.

    1967-01-01

    Device automatically bench tests paper tape punches and readers in a simulated operating environment following routine maintenance. The reader and punch operate back-to-back and the paper tape output feeds the reader. The tape leader is prepunched with an arbitrary pattern that is continuously reproduced during the check.

  5. 21 CFR 870.2800 - Medical magnetic tape recorder.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Medical magnetic tape recorder. 870.2800 Section... (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES CARDIOVASCULAR DEVICES Cardiovascular Monitoring Devices § 870.2800 Medical magnetic tape recorder. (a) Identification. A medical magnetic tape recorder is a device used to record...

  6. 21 CFR 870.2800 - Medical magnetic tape recorder.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Medical magnetic tape recorder. 870.2800 Section... (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES CARDIOVASCULAR DEVICES Cardiovascular Monitoring Devices § 870.2800 Medical magnetic tape recorder. (a) Identification. A medical magnetic tape recorder is a device used to record...

  7. The Feasibility of Using Taped Lectures to Replace Class Attendance.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Menne, John W.; And Others

    The students in an introductory college psychology course were given the option of attending live lectures (control group) or listening to audio-taped lectures (experimental group). Each experimental subject was issued a tape recorder, a set of lecture tapes, and a schedule of lecture topics as presented to the control group. Conducted in the fall…

  8. Full tape thickness feature conductors for EMI structures

    DOEpatents

    Peterson, Kenneth A.; Knudson, Richard T.; Smith, Frank R.; Barner, Gregory

    2014-06-10

    Generally annular full tape thickness conductors are formed in single or multiple tape layers, and then stacked to produce an annular solid conductive wall for enclosing an electromagnetic isolation cavity. The conductors may be formed using punch and fill operations, or by flowing conductor-containing material onto the tape edge surfaces that define the interior sidewalls of the cavity.

  9. 16 CFR 1632.7 - Tape edge substitution procedure.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Tape edge substitution procedure. 1632.7... edge substitution procedure. (a) Sections 1632.1 (j) and (k) provide in part that “a change in existing... respect to materials substitution of items such as flange materials and tapes at the tape edge under...

  10. Books on Tape: Speaking Softly and Carrying a Big Backlist.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Annichiarico, Mark

    1994-01-01

    Describes Books on Tape, an unabridged audiobook publisher, and its appeal to the library market. Discussion covers reading styles used on the tapes, the lack of celebrity readers, the story of the company's founding and development, its use of computerized customer tracking and networking, the availability of replacement tapes, and cassette cover…

  11. Micro-Teaching Tapes in Anatomy and Physiology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stencel, John E.

    1981-01-01

    Outlines the development and use of micro-teaching tapes as a means of supplemental instruction for college anatomy and physiology classes. Tapes include brief explanations of difficult concepts taken from lectures as students listen to cassette tapes and fill in blanks, or answer questions. (DS)

  12. Effects of Tape and Exercise on Dynamic Ankle Inversion

    PubMed Central

    Ricard, Mark D.; Sherwood, Stephen M.; Schulthies, Shane S.; Knight, Kenneth L.

    2000-01-01

    Objective: To compare the effects of tape, with and without prewrap, on dynamic ankle inversion before and after exercise. Design and Setting: Doubly multivariate analyses of variance were used to compare the taping and exercise conditions. Subjects were randomly assigned to a fixed treatment order as determined by a balanced latin square. The independent variables were tape application (no tape, tape with prewrap, tape to skin) and exercise (before and after). The dependent variables were average inversion velocity, total inversion, maximum inversion velocity, and time to maximum inversion. Subjects: Thirty college-age male and female students (17 males, 13 females; mean age = 24.9 ± 4.3 years, range, 19 to 39 years) were tested. Subjects were excluded from the study if they exhibited a painful gait or painful range of motion or had a past history of ankle surgery or an ankle sprain within the past 4 weeks. Measurements: We collected data using electronic goniometers while subjects balanced on the right leg on an inversion platform tilted about the medial-lateral axis to produce 15° of plantar flexion. Sudden ankle inversion was induced by pulling the inversion platform support, allowing the platform support base to rotate 37°. Ten satisfactory trials were recorded on the inversion platform before and after a prescribed exercise bout. We calculated total inversion, time to maximum inversion, average inversion velocity, and maximum inversion velocity after sudden inversion. Results: We found no significant differences between taping to the skin and taping over prewrap for any of the variables measured. There were significant differences between both taping conditions and no-tape postexercise for average inversion velocity, maximum inversion, maximum inversion velocity, and time to maximum inversion. The total inversion mean for no-tape postexercise was 38.8° ± 6.3°, whereas the means for tape and skin and for tape and prewrap were 28.3° ± 4.6° and 29.1°

  13. The Nimbus 7 LIMS map archival tape

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Haggard, K. V.; Remsberg, E. E.; Russell, J. M., III

    1986-01-01

    The development of the Langley Map Archival Tape (LAMAT) is described. The role of the Nimbus 7 orbit characteristics in the analysis and interpretation of LAMAT data is discussed. The pressure ranges and heights for the LAMAT components are given and the synoptic fields for each pressure and latitude were modeled as Fourier series in longitude with time-dependent coefficients. Examples of LAMAT temperature fields are presented and the accuracies of the LAMAT fields are evaluated. The fit between the Langley inverted profile archival tape (LAIPAT) and LAMAT is examined by comparing averaged zonal mean fields and standard deviations. Consideration is given to diurnal variations of LAIPAT data, and the time and spatial smoothing of the data.

  14. Pressure Roller For Tape-Lift Tests

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Abrams, Eve

    1991-01-01

    Rolling device applies nearly constant, uniform pressure to surface. Simple tool exerts nearly constant pressure via compression of sheath by fixed amount. Pins hold wheels on cylinder and cylinder on tangs of handle. Cylinder and handle made of metal or plastic. Sheath press-fit or glued to cylinder. End pins attached to cylinder by adhesive or screw threads. Device intended for use in taking tape-lift samples of particulate contamination on surface.

  15. Software Computes Tape-Casting Parameters

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    deGroh, Henry C., III

    2003-01-01

    Tcast2 is a FORTRAN computer program that accelerates the setup of a process in which a slurry containing metal particles and a polymeric binder is cast, to a thickness regulated by a doctor blade, onto fibers wound on a rotating drum to make a green precursor of a metal-matrix/fiber composite tape. Before Tcast2, setup parameters were determined by trial and error in time-consuming multiple iterations of the process. In Tcast2, the fiber architecture in the final composite is expressed in terms of the lateral distance between fibers and the thickness-wise distance between fibers in adjacent plies. The lateral distance is controlled via the manner of winding. The interply spacing is controlled via the characteristics of the slurry and the doctor-blade height. When a new combination of fibers and slurry is first cast and dried to a green tape, the shrinkage from the wet to the green condition and a few other key parameters of the green tape are measured. These parameters are provided as input to Tcast2, which uses them to compute the doctor-blade height and fiber spacings needed to obtain the desired fiber architecture and fiber volume fraction in the final composite.

  16. Transaction aware tape-infrastructure monitoring

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nikolaidis, Fotios; Kruse, Daniele Francesco

    2014-06-01

    Administrating a large scale, multi protocol, hierarchical tape infrastructure like the CERN Advanced STORage manager (CASTOR)[2], which stores now 100 PB (with an increasing step of 25 PB per year), requires an adequate monitoring system for quick spotting of malfunctions, easier debugging and on demand report generation. The main challenges for such system are: to cope with CASTOR's log format diversity and its information scattered among several log files, the need for long term information archival, the strict reliability requirements and the group based GUI visualization. For this purpose, we have designed, developed and deployed a centralized system consisting of four independent layers: the Log Transfer layer for collecting log lines from all tape servers to a single aggregation server, the Data Mining layer for combining log data into transaction context, the Storage layer for archiving the resulting transactions and finally the Web UI layer for accessing the information. Having flexibility, extensibility and maintainability in mind, each layer is designed to work as a message broker for the next layer, providing a clean and generic interface while ensuring consistency, redundancy and ultimately fault tolerance. This system unifies information previously dispersed over several monitoring tools into a single user interface, using Splunk, which also allows us to provide information visualization based on access control lists (ACL). Since its deployment, it has been successfully used by CASTOR tape operators for quick overview of transactions, performance evaluation, malfunction detection and from managers for report generation.

  17. STS-109 Mission Highlights Resource Tape

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2002-05-01

    This video, Part 3 of 4, shows the activities of the STS-109 crew (Scott Altman, Commander; Duane Carey, Pilot; John Grunsfeld, Payload Commander; Nancy Currie, James Newman, Richard Linnehan, Michael Massimino, Mission Specialists) during flight days 6 and 7. The activities from other flight days can be seen on 'STS-109 Mission Highlights Resource Tape' Part 1 of 4 (internal ID 2002139471), 'STS-109 Mission Highlights Resource Tape' Part 2 of 4 (internal ID 2002137664), and 'STS-109 Mission Highlights Resource Tape' Part 4 of 4 (internal ID 2002137577). Flight day 6 features a very complicated EVA (extravehicular activity) to service the HST (Hubble Space Telescope). Astronauts Grunsfeld and Linnehan replace the HST's power control unit, disconnecting and reconnecting 36 tiny connectors. The procedure includes the HST's first ever power down. The cleanup of spilled water from the coollant system in Grunsfeld's suit is shown. The pistol grip tool, and two other space tools are also shown. On flight day 7, Newman and Massimino conduct an EVA. They replace the HST's FOC (Faint Object Camera) with the ACS (Advanced Camera for Surveys). The video ends with crew members playing in the shuttle's cabin with a model of the HST.

  18. Anisotropic shrinkage characteristics of tape cast alumina

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Patwardhan, Jaideep Suresh

    Dimensional control during sintering is a major issue in ceramics processing to avoid high post-sintering costs associated with machining of the fired ceramic part to desired tolerances and dimensions. Ceramic forming processes such as tape casting, injection molding, and extrusion involve shear of anisotropic particles resulting in preferential alignment of the particles in the green body. This preferential alignment causes directionality in mechanical, electrical, optical, and magnetic properties and most importantly warpage or distortion during sintering. A large effort has been devoted to synthesizing ceramic green bodies with minimal density gradients and uniform packing and modeling the sintering behavior evolution but little effort has been devoted to characterizing orientation of particles and the effect of preferential alignment on sintering shrinkage anisotropy. A systematic study was initiated to study the effect of processing variables such as shear rate, solids loading, temperature, and binder content on aqueous tape cast alumina. Three different alumina systems: A16-SG, Baikowski RC-UFX DBM and RC-LS DBM were investigated. Aqueous tapes of high solids loading alumina (56 vol. %) were tape cast at various speeds and thicknesses and assuming plane Couette flow a shear rate regime of 21--270 s-1 was investigated. Higher shear rates and high solids loading resulted in higher in-plane anisotropy whereas the anisotropy in the thickness direction was higher for low solids loading systems. The anisotropy was found to be fairly constant above a certain critical shear rate (˜100 s-1) irrespective of the temperature and the solids loading and this correlated with the viscosity-shear rate relationship of the cast slips. The higher shrinkage anisotropy in the thickness direction for the low solids loading systems (35 and 45 vol. %) was attributed to the higher amount of organics in the slip required to sustain the suitable viscosity for tape casting and

  19. Efficacy of securing cannulae with different taping methods.

    PubMed

    Found, P W; Baines, D B

    2000-10-01

    This study compared locally available adhesive tapes and dressings in a block randomized, blinded study to determine the force required to dislodge a cannula. In the first stage of the study, various tapes and taping methods were used to secure a cannula to a polyvinylchloride (PVC) pipe. The cannula was attached to a section of a giving set which in turn was attached to a dynamic force transducer. The force required to dislodge the cannula, together with the methods of dislodgement were recorded. In stage two the best taping technique for each type of tape was tested by attaching a cannula to the surface of the forearm of an adult male volunteer. Of the tapes tested we found Leukoplast to be the most effective tape for securing the cannula to the PVC model. On the adult forearm Sleek was as effective as Leukoplast. Orientating the tape parallel to the long axis of the cannula and taping the cannula hub-giving set connection both improved the adherence of the cannula. Under the conditions tested, sterile adhesive dressings and tapes were relatively ineffective in securing the cannulae. PMID:11094673

  20. Specification for IBM/IBM compatible 3480 tape cartridge

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Perry, Jimmy L.

    1988-01-01

    This document establishes the same kinds of standards and controls that are currently in use for the procurement on new analog and digital magnetic tapes. The Magnetic Tape Certification Facility (MTCF) currently maintains a Quality Products List (QPL) for all new analog and digital magnetic tapes purchased by NASA-GSFC. Extensive tests are conducted in the MTCF on an annual basis to determine the manufacturer's tape types to be added to or deleted from the current QPL. The MTCF currently maintains two specifications for magnetic tapes: NASA TM-79724 is used for the QPL and acceptance testing of new analog tapes; and NASA TM-80599 is used for the QPL and acceptance testing of new digital tapes. This specification will be used for the QPL and acceptance testing of new 3480 cartridges. The magnetic tapes used by GSFC, LaRC, ARC/Dryden, WFF, and the Network Tracking Stations are covered by the NASA-GSFC specifications. The 3480 cartridge was introduced approximately 3.5 years ago and is becoming an increasingly attractive alternative to digital magnetic tapes. Many users have already converted to the 3480 system and have more tape drives on order.

  1. A Proposed Convention for Writing FITS Data Tapes: DRAFT 0

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    ROSAT/ASCA/Xte Development Team

    Even with today's advances in networking, file system capacities and CD technology it is often necessary to transport and store scientific data sets on magnetic tape. The FITS data format standard contains guidelines on how to write FITS files to magnetic tape but does not address the problem of indexing or organizing tape files. Currently available magnetic tape media can store multiple gigabytes of information on a single tape, which translates into thousands of FITS files per tape. Thus, the lack of a standard tape indexing and organizing scheme can, in many instances, become a serious problem. Faced with the above dilemma, the Astrophysics Data Facility at Goddard Space Flight Center has developed a simple in-house convention for indexing the contents of FITS data tapes that allows software to quickly and easily inventory tape contents. This paper describes the convention used by our organization. We propose that this convention be adopted into the FITS standard as the way to index and organize the contents of magnetic tape media.

  2. Technique for recovery of voice data from heat damaged magnetic tape

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Melugin, J. F.; Obrien, D. E., III (Inventor)

    1974-01-01

    A method for conditioning, and thus enabling retrieval of intelligence from, magnetic tapes after damage from heat has caused the tape to wrinkle and curl severely thereby reducing tape width to less than one-half its original size. The damaged tape is superposed on a first piece of splicing tape with the oxide side of the magnetic tape in contact with the adhesive side of the splicing tape and then carefully smoothed by a special tool. A second piece of splicing tape is placed on the backing side of the magnetic tape then the resulting tape stack is trimmed to the original width of the magnetic tape. After the first piece of splicing tape is carefully removed from the oxide side of the damaged magnetic tape, the resulting magnetic tape is then ready to be placed into a recorder for playback.

  3. Effects of Kinesio Taping versus McConnell Taping for Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

    PubMed

    Chang, Wen-Dien; Chen, Fu-Chen; Lee, Chia-Lun; Lin, Hung-Yu; Lai, Ping-Tung

    2015-01-01

    Objectives. To conduct a systematic review comparing the effects of Kinesio taping with McConnell taping as a method of conservative management of patients with patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS). Methods. MEDLINE, PUBMED, EMBASE, AMED, and the Cochrane Central Register of Control Trials electronic databases were searched through July 2014. Controlled studies evaluating the effects of Kinesio or McConnell taping in PFPS patients were retrieved. Results. Ninety-one articles were selected from the articles that were retrieved from the databases, and 11 articles were included in the analysis. The methods, evaluations, and results of the articles were collected, and the outcomes of patellar tapings were analyzed. Kinesio taping can reduce pain and increase the muscular flexibility of PFPS patients, and McConnell taping also had effect in pain relief and patellar alignment. Meta-analysis showed small effect in pain reduction and motor function improvement and moderate effect in muscle activity change among PFPS patients using Kinesio taping. Conclusions. Kinesio taping technique used for muscles can relieve pain but cannot change patellar alignment, unlike McConnell taping. Both patellar tapings are used differently for PFPS patients and substantially improve muscle activity, motor function, and quality of life. PMID:26185517

  4. Effects of Kinesio Taping versus McConnell Taping for Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

    PubMed Central

    Chang, Wen-Dien; Chen, Fu-Chen; Lee, Chia-Lun; Lin, Hung-Yu; Lai, Ping-Tung

    2015-01-01

    Objectives. To conduct a systematic review comparing the effects of Kinesio taping with McConnell taping as a method of conservative management of patients with patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS). Methods. MEDLINE, PUBMED, EMBASE, AMED, and the Cochrane Central Register of Control Trials electronic databases were searched through July 2014. Controlled studies evaluating the effects of Kinesio or McConnell taping in PFPS patients were retrieved. Results. Ninety-one articles were selected from the articles that were retrieved from the databases, and 11 articles were included in the analysis. The methods, evaluations, and results of the articles were collected, and the outcomes of patellar tapings were analyzed. Kinesio taping can reduce pain and increase the muscular flexibility of PFPS patients, and McConnell taping also had effect in pain relief and patellar alignment. Meta-analysis showed small effect in pain reduction and motor function improvement and moderate effect in muscle activity change among PFPS patients using Kinesio taping. Conclusions. Kinesio taping technique used for muscles can relieve pain but cannot change patellar alignment, unlike McConnell taping. Both patellar tapings are used differently for PFPS patients and substantially improve muscle activity, motor function, and quality of life. PMID:26185517

  5. Certification of ICI 1012 optical data storage tape

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Howell, J. M.

    1993-01-01

    ICI has developed a unique and novel method of certifying a Terabyte optical tape. The tape quality is guaranteed as a statistical upper limit on the probability of uncorrectable errors. This is called the Corrected Byte Error Rate or CBER. We developed this probabilistic method because of two reasons why error rate cannot be measured directly. Firstly, written data is indelible, so one cannot employ write/read tests such as used for magnetic tape. Secondly, the anticipated error rates need impractically large samples to measure accurately. For example, a rate of 1E-12 implies only one byte in error per tape. The archivability of ICI 1012 Data Storage Tape in general is well characterized and understood. Nevertheless, customers expect performance guarantees to be supported by test results on individual tapes. In particular, they need assurance that data is retrievable after decades in archive. This paper describes the mathematical basis, measurement apparatus and applicability of the certification method.

  6. STS-111 Mission Highlights Resource Tape

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2002-08-01

    This video, Part 1 of 4, shows the activities of the STS-111 crew (Kenneth Cockrell, Commander; Paul Lockhart, Pilot; Franklin Chang-Diaz, Phillipe Perrin, Mission Specialists) during flight days 1 through 4. Also shown are the incoming Expedition 5 (Valeri Korzun, Commander; Peggy Whitson, NASA ISS Science Officer; Sergei Treschev, Flight Engineer) and outgoing Expedition 4 (Yuri Onufriyenko, Commander; Carl Walz, Daniel Bursch, Flight Engineers) crews of the ISS (International Space Station). The activities from other flight days can be seen on 'STS-111 Mission Highlights Resource Tape' Part 2 of 4 (internal ID 2002139469), 'STS-111 Mission Highlights Resource Tape' Part 3 of 4 (internal ID 2002139468), and 'STS-111 Mission Highlights Resource Tape' Part 4 of 4 (internal ID 2002139474). The primary activity of flight day 1 is the launch of Space Shuttle Endeavour. The crew is seen before the launch at a meal and suit-up, and some pre-flight procedures are shown. Perrin holds a sign with a personalized message. The astronauts communicate with Mission Control extensively after launch, and an inside view of the shuttle cabin is shown. The replays of the launch include close-ups of the nozzles at liftoff, and the fall of the solid rocket boosters and the external fuel tank. Flight day 2 shows footage of mainland Asia at night, and daytime views of the eastern United States and Lake Michigan. Flight day three shows the Endeavour orbiter approaching and docking with the ISS. After the night docking, the crews exchange greetings, and a view of the Nile river and Egypt at night is shown. On flight day 4, the MPLM (Multi-Purpose Logistics Module) Leonardo was temporarily transferred from Endeavour's payload bay to the ISS.

  7. STS-109 Mission Highlights Resource Tape

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2002-05-01

    This video, Part 4 of 4, shows footage of crew activities from flight days 8 through 12 of STS-109. The crew included: Scott Altman, Commander; Duane Carey, Pilot; John Grunsfeld, Payload Commander; Nancy Currie, Richard Linnehan, James Newman, Michael Massimino, Mission Speicalists. The activities from other flights days can be seen on 'STS-109 Mission Highlights Resource Tape' Part 1 of 4 (internal ID 2002139471), 'STS-109 Mission Highlights Resource Tape' Part 2 of 4 (internal ID 2002137664), and 'STS-109 Mission Highlights Resource Tape' Part 3 of 4 (internal ID 2002139476). The primary activity on flight day 8 was an EVA (extravehicular activity) by Grunsfeld and Linnehan to install a cryocooler and radiator for the NICMOS (Near Infrared Camera and Multi-Object Spectrometer) on the HST (Hubble Space Telescope). Before returning to Columbia's airlock, the astronauts, with a cloudy background, hold onto the orbiter and offer their thoughts on the significance of their mission, the HST, and spaceflight. Footage from flight day 9 includes the grappling, unbearthing, and deployment of the HST from Columbia, and the crew coordinating and videotaping Columbia's departure. Flight day 10 was a relatively inactive day, and flight day 11 includes a checkout of Columbia's aerodynamic surfaces. Columbia landed on flight day 12, which is covered by footage of the crew members speaking during reentry, and their night landing, primarily shown through the orbiter's head-up display. The video includes numerous views of the HST, as well as views of the the Galapagos Islands, Madagascar, and Southern Africa with parts of the Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific Oceans, and part of the coast of Chile. The pistol grip space tool is shown in use, and the crew answers two messages from the public, including a message to Massimino from the Fire Department of New York.

  8. STS-109 Mission Highlights Resource Tape

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2002-05-01

    This video, Part 2 of 4, shows the activities of the STS-109 crew (Scott Altman, Commander; Duane Carey, Pilot; John Grunsfeld, Payload Commander; Nancy Currie, James Newman, Richard Linnehan, Michael Massimino, Mission Specialists) during flight days 4 and 5. The activities from other flights days can be seen on 'STS-109 Mission Highlights Resource Tape' Part 1 of 4 (internal ID 2002139471), 'STS-109 Mission Highlights Resource Tape' Part 3 of 4 (internal ID 2002139476), and 'STS-109 Mission Highlights Resource Tape' Part 4 of 4 (internal ID 2002137577). The primary activities during these days were EVAs (extravehicular activities) to replace two solar arrays on the HST (Hubble Space Telescope). Footage from flight day 4 records an EVA by Grunsfeld and Linnehan, including their exit from Columbia's payload bay airlock, their stowing of the old HST starboard rigid array on the rigid array carrier in Columbia's payload bay, their attachment of the new array on HST, the installation of a new starboard diode box, and the unfolding of the new array. The pistol grip space tool used to fasten the old array in its new location is shown in use. The video also includes several shots of the HST with Earth in the background. On flight day 5 Newman and Massimino conduct an EVA to change the port side array and diode box on HST. This EVA is very similar to the one on flight day 4, and is covered similarly in the video. A hand operated ratchet is shown in use. In addition to a repeat of the previous tasks, the astronauts change HST's reaction wheel assembly, and because they are ahead of schedule, install installation and lubricate an instrument door on the telescope. The Earth views include a view of Egypt and Israel, with the Nile River, Red Sea, and Mediterranean Sea.

  9. STS-109 Mission Highlights Resource Tape

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2002-05-01

    This video, Part 1 of 4, shows the activities of the STS-109 crew (Scott Altman, Commander; Duane Carey, Pilot; John Grunsfeld, Payload Commander; Nancy Currie, James Newman, Richard Linnehan, Michael Massimino, Mission Specialists) during flight days 1 through 3. The activities from other flight days can be seen on 'STS 109 Mission Highlights Resource Tape' Part 2 of 4 (internal ID 2002137664), 'STS 109 Mission Highlights Resource Tape' Part 3 of 4 (internal ID 2002139471), and 'STS-109 Mission Highlights Resource Tape' Part 4 of 4 (internal ID 2002137577). The main activity recorded during flight day 1 is the liftoff of Columbia. Attention is given to suit-up, boarding, and pre-flight procedures. The pre-launch crew meal has no sound. The crew members often wave to the camera before liftoff. The jettisoning of the solid rocket boosters is shown, and the External Tank is seen as it falls to Earth, moving over African dunes in the background. There are liftoff replays, including one from inside the cockpit. The opening of the payload bay doors is seen from the rear of the shuttle's cockpit. The footage from flight day 2 shows the Flight Support System for bearthing the HST (Hubble Space Telescope). Crew preparations for the bearthing are shown. Flight day 3 shows the tracking of and approach to the HST by Columbia, including orbital maneuvers, the capture of the HST, and its lowering onto the Flight Support System. Many views of the HST are shown, including one which reveals an ocean and cloud background as the HST retracts a solar array.

  10. GSFC specification electronic data processing magnetic recording tape

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Tinari, D. F.; Perry, J. L.

    1980-01-01

    The design requirements are given for magnetic oxide coated, electronic data processing tape, wound on reels. Magnetic recording tape types covered by this specification are intended for use on digital tape transports using the Non-Return-to-Zero-change-on-ones (NRZI) recording method for recording densities up to and including 800 characters per inch (cpi) and the Phase-Encoding (PE) recording method for a recording density of 1600 cpi.

  11. Faceted ceramic fibers, tapes or ribbons and epitaxial devices therefrom

    SciTech Connect

    Goyal, Amit

    2013-07-09

    A crystalline article includes a single-crystal ceramic fiber, tape or ribbon. The fiber, tape or ribbon has at least one crystallographic facet along its length, which is generally at least one meter long. In the case of sapphire, the facets are R-plane, M-plane, C-plane or A-plane facets. Epitaxial articles, including superconducting articles, can be formed on the fiber, tape or ribbon.

  12. Faceted ceramic fibers, tapes or ribbons and epitaxial devices therefrom

    SciTech Connect

    Goyal, Amit

    2012-07-24

    A crystalline article includes a single-crystal ceramic fiber, tape or ribbon. The fiber, tape or ribbon has at least one crystallographic facet along its length, which is generally at least one meter long. In the case of sapphire, the facets are R-plane, M-plane, C-plane or A-plane facets. Epitaxial articles, including superconducting articles, can be formed on the fiber, tape or ribbon.

  13. Printed-Circuit Tape Measures For X-Ray Inspections

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Sullivan, John E., Jr.

    1990-01-01

    Known pattern impressed on x-ray image for reference. Tapes made by flexible-printed-circuit technology provides identification and position references for x-ray images of weld joints. Proposed tapes consist of etched copper patterns on flexible substrates. X-rays record pattern of tape on film beneath butt-welded panels. Pattern becomes convenient reference for analysis and digitization of x-ray image.

  14. Getting in Taped, Part I and Part II

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cundy, H. M.; Higgins, J.

    1971-01-01

    This article is in two parts: discussion of mathematical concepts involved in converting the reading from the tape-recorder counter which counts the turns of the run-off spool to that from the counter which counts turns of the take-up spool; calculating the length of tape run off when given the reading from the tape-recorder counter of the run-off…

  15. Kinetics of the humid aging of magnetic recording tape

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bertram, H. N.; Cuddihy, E. F.

    1982-01-01

    The kinetics of the hydrolysis of polyester urethane binders of magnetic recording tape is described. Kinetic data were generated from measurements of acetone-extractable hydrolyzed binder products versus time for various humidity-temperature environments. These data can be described by a linear, single product, reversible rate equation. This equation, coupled with measurements on the effect of hydrolysis on recorded tape performance, is used to predict proper environmental storage conditions for magnetic tape.

  16. Star Catalogs on Punched Cards and Magnetic Tape

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Berbert, J. H.

    1961-01-01

    In connection with the calibration of the Minitrack satellite tracking stations, the Goddard Space Flight Center has had the contents of a number of star catalogs put on punched cards and magnetic tape. This report discusses the plate data reduction procedures, briefly describes the information on the punched cards and magnetic tape, and calls attention to other applications of the card and tape star catalogs. The Goddard Space Flight Center has offered to prepare duplicate catalogs for qualified organizations.

  17. Specification for wide channel bandwidth one-inch video tape

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Perry, Jimmy L.

    1988-01-01

    Standards and controls are established for the procurement of wide channel bandwidth one inch video magnetic recording tapes for Very Long Base Interferometer (VLBI) system applications. The Magnetic Tape Certification Facility (MTCF) currently maintains three specifications for the Quality Products List (QPL) and acceptance testing of magnetic tapes. NASA-TM-79724 is used for the QPL and acceptance testing of new analog tapes; NASA-TM-80599 is used for QPL and acceptance testing of new digital tapes; and NASA-TM-100702 is used for the QPL and acceptance testing of new IBM/IBM compatible 3480 magnetic tape cartridges. This specification will be used for the QPL and acceptance testing of new wide channel bandwidth one inch video magnetic recording tapes. The one inch video tapes used by the Jet Propulsion Lab., the Deep Space Network and the Haystack Observatory will be covered by this specification. These NASA stations will use the video tapes for their VLBI system applications. The VLBI system is used for the tracking of quasars and the support of interplanetary exploration.

  18. Tape-cast sensors and method of making

    DOEpatents

    Mukundan, Rangachary; Brosha, Eric L.; Garzon, Fernando H.

    2009-08-18

    A method of making electrochemical sensors in which an electrolyte material is cast into a tape. Prefabricated electrodes are then partially embedded between two wet layers of the electrolyte tape to form a green sensor, and the green sensor is then heated to sinter the electrolyte tape around the electrodes. The resulting sensors can be used in applications such as, but not limited to, combustion control, environmental monitoring, and explosive detection. A electrochemical sensor formed by the tape-casting method is also disclosed.

  19. Reel-to-reel substrate tape polishing system

    DOEpatents

    Selvamanickam, Venkat; Gardner, Michael T.; Judd, Raymond D.; Weloth, Martin; Qiao, Yunfei

    2005-06-21

    Disclosed is a reel-to-reel single-pass mechanical polishing system (100) suitable for polishing long lengths of metal substrate tape (124) used in the manufacture of high-temperature superconductor (HTS) coated tape, including multiple instantiations of a polishing station (114) in combination with a subsequent rinsing station (116) arranged along the axis of the metal substrate tape (124) that is translating between a payout spool (110a) and a take-up spool (110b). The metal substrate tape obtains a surface smoothness that is suitable for the subsequent deposition of a buffer layer.

  20. Gas Leak from Vinyl Taped Stainless Steel Dressing Jars

    SciTech Connect

    Tim Hayes

    1999-03-01

    The leak rates of nitrogen gas from stainless steel dressing jars taped with 2 inch vinyl tape were measured. These results were used to calculate hydrogen leak rates from the same jars. The calculations show that the maximum concentration of hydrogen buildup in this type of container configuration will beat least 3 orders of magnitude below the lower explosion limit for hydrogen in air.

  1. Wet/dry sounding reel tape. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Speed, D.L.

    1994-11-30

    The Interim Waste Technology (IWT) section of the Savannah River Technology Center evaluated a demonstration model of a modified reel tape for High-Level Waste Engineering. The standard Robertshaw Model 185 reel tape is used in the Tank Farms as a conductivity probe to monitor liquid levels in waste tanks within + 0.1 in. The demonstration model features a device that also stops the reel tape motor on loss of tension in the tape. Tests conducted at TNX showed that the modification enabled the reel tape to locate solid surfaces such as saltcake within approximately +0.5 in. The modified reel tape also located, within approximately +0.5 in., the sludge/supernate boundary exhibited by sludge from TNX Tank F, which closely approximates the sludge expected to exist after the Tank 42H sludge wash process. IWT recommends that the tape tension modification, with the associated controls, be installed in all Robertshaw reel tapes used in the Tank Farms. The modified probe should also be considered for installation in those tanks that have a free or submerged semi-solid surface of interest

  2. National Center for Audio Tapes 1970-72 Catalog.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    1970

    Over 12,000 audio tapes are listed in this catalog under one of seven headings: arts, education, language and literature, mathematics-science, physical-recreational activities, social studies, and vocational-technical training. Information on each tape includes its Library of Congress subject classification, grade level, series title and…

  3. [Adhesive tape on the face--criminalistic aspects].

    PubMed

    Tomforde, Anja; Tsokos, Michael; Anders, Sven; Püschel, Klaus

    2003-01-01

    Under forensic differential diagnostic aspects postmortem findings of adhesive tape in the face suggest either suicide, an autoerotic accident or homicide, in which case the adhesive tape could have been used for sealing the mouth or as a means to commit the homicide itself. 9 autopsy cases are described as examples with this constellation and discussed under criminological aspects. PMID:12872683

  4. Separation Of Metals Bonded With Two-Sided Tape

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kelly, Michael L.

    1993-01-01

    Procedure developed to separate, without pulling, bending, or prying, objects temporarily bonded together with two-sided tape. Ultrasonic cleaning in hot kerosene enables separation without damage. Procedure applicable in removal of protective backing from metals as received, or in removing temporary bonding tape from metal specimens.

  5. Low-cost tape system measures velocity of acceleration

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hartenstein, R.

    1964-01-01

    By affixing perforated magnetic recording tape to the falling end of a body, acceleration and velocity were measured. The measurement was made by allowing the tape to pass between a light source and a photoelectric sensor. Data was obtained from a readout device.

  6. Surreptitious Taping: The Arguments for and the Ethics against.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cooper, Thomas W.

    Much discussion within media ethics has focused on the acceptability of surreptitious tape recording of news sources by media professionals. The most common legal and social arguments supporting secret taping assert that recorders "hear" and "remember" better, are expedient and practical, protect against libel suits, provide historical…

  7. Using a Taped Intervention to Improve Kindergarten Students' Number Identification

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Krohn, Katherine R.; Skinner, Christopher H.; Fuller, Emily J.; Greear, Corrine

    2012-01-01

    A multiple baseline design across students was used to evaluate the effects of a taped numbers (TN) intervention on the number-identification accuracy of 4 kindergarten students. During TN, students attempted to name the numbers 0 through 9 on randomized lists before each number was provided via a tape player 2 s later. All 4 students showed…

  8. Tape-Drive Based Plasma Mirror

    SciTech Connect

    Sokollik, Thomas; Shiraishi, Satomi; Osterhoff, Jens; Evans, Eugene; Gonsalves, Anthony; Nakamura, Kei; vanTilborg, Jeroen; Lin, Chen; Toth, Csaba; Leemans, Wim

    2011-07-22

    We present experimental results on a tape-drive based plasma mirror which could be used for a compact coupling of a laser beam into a staged laser driven electron accelerator. This novel kind of plasma mirror is suitable for high repetition rates and for high number of laser shots. In order to design a compact, staged laser plasma based accelerator or collider [1], the coupling of the laser beam into the different stages represents one of the key issues. To limit the spatial foot print and thus to realize a high overall acceleration gradient, a concept has to be found which realizes this in-coupling within a few centimeters (cf. Fig 1). The fluence of the laser pulse several centimeters away from the acceleration stage (focus) exceeds the damage threshold of any available mirror coating. Therefore, in reference [2] a plasma mirror was suggested for this purpose. We present experiments on a tape-drive based plasma mirror which could be used to reflect the focused laser beam into the acceleration stage. Plasma mirrors composed of antireflection coated glass substrates are usually used to improve the temporal laser contrast of laser pulses by several orders of magnitudes [3,4]. This is particularly important for laser interaction with solid matter, such as ion acceleration [5,6] and high harmonic generation on surfaces [7]. Therefore, the laser pulse is weekly focused onto a substrate. The main pulse generates a plasma and is reflected at the critical surface, whereas the low intensity pre-pulse (mainly the Amplified Spontaneous Emission pedestal) will be transmitted through the substrate before the mirror has been triggered. Several publications [3,4] demonstrate a conservation of the spatial beam quality and a reflectivity of about 70 %. The drawback of this technique is the limited repetition rate since for every shot a fresh surface has to be provided. In the past years several novel approaches for high repetition rate plasma mirrors have been developed [2, 8

  9. A validation study for vinyl electrical tape end matches.

    PubMed

    Bradley, Maureen J; Gauntt, Jennifer M; Mehltretter, Andria H; Lowe, Preston C; Wright, Diana M

    2011-05-01

    Fracture matches are considered the strongest conclusion in the forensic examination of rigid materials, such as glass, metal, and paint. However, publications that support the fracture matching of polymeric films, such as tape backings, are limited. This study was designed to determine the validity and error rate associated with conducting end-match (fracture match) examinations on vinyl electrical tape. Test designs varied the source roll of tape, test preparer, or mode of separation from the roll. Results indicated that each affected the resulting severed tape ends. The analysts examining the end matches also had an effect on the results. Eight end matches in the study were not identified by the initial analysts and were considered inconclusive. One end match was misidentified, resulting in one false positive and an error rate of 0.049%. These results support a comprehensive physical and chemical tape comparison regardless of indications of an end match. PMID:21361956

  10. Portable digital pressure indicator for calibrating magnetic tape recorders

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Mccormick, Royce F.; Leighty, Bradley D.

    1989-01-01

    The design of a portable Digital Pressure Indicator (DPI) to be used for calibrating the pressure systems on Langley's magnetic tape recorders is described. High-speed magnetic tape recorders require pressure (0 to 20 psig) for providing an air cushion across the tape guides and a slight vacuum (30 inch H2O) for maintaining the proper number of tape loops in the advance and feed chamber. The DPI is a hand-held device that can be quickly coupled to a magnetic tape recorder and includes a two-position switch for selecting either measured pressure or vacuum, to be displayed digitally in engineering units (psig or inches H2O). The DPI is currently in use in Langley's Analysis and Computation Division.

  11. Investigating Delamination Migration in Composite Tape Laminates

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ratcliffe, James G.; DeCarvalho, Nelson V.

    2014-01-01

    A modification to a recently developed test specimen designed to investigate migration of a delamination between neighboring ply interfaces in tape laminates is presented. The specimen is a cross-ply laminated beam consisting of 40 plies with a polytetrafluoroethylene insert spanning part way along its length. The insert is located between a lower 0-degree ply (specimen length direction) and a stack of four 90-degree plies (specimen width direction). The modification involved a stacking sequence that promotes stable delamination growth prior to migration, and included a relocation of the insert from the specimen midplane to the interface between plies 14 and 15. Specimens were clamped at both ends onto a rigid baseplate and loaded on their upper surface via a piano hinge assembly, resulting in a predominantly flexural loading condition. Tests were conducted with the load-application point positioned at various locations along a specimen's span. This position affected the sequence of damage events during a test.

  12. Reflectance characterization of tape-based plasma mirrors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shaw, B. H.; Steinke, S.; van Tilborg, J.; Leemans, W. P.

    2016-06-01

    Specular reflections of relativistic laser pulses from an overdense plasma mirror (PM) were studied experimentally. The pointing stability of the PM and reflectance of the input laser were characterized. The solid material used for the PM was a VHS tape. This study was done for the magnetic and plastic sides of the VHS tape, and for input light of both s and p-polarizations. The laser pulse fluence was varied by changing the focus position relative to the tape surface, which changed the spot size at the tape. The pointing fluctuations of the reflected pulses caused by the PM were ≃1 mrad. A peak reflectance of 82% was obtained from the plastic surface of the VHS tape when focusing s-polarized light 4 mm from the tape surface (the wavefront quality was confirmed to be conserved). An analytic model was developed to understand the physics of the interaction for each tape material and polarization. Fitting of our model parameters to the experimental results allowed an estimate of the key plasma parameters such as plasma expansion velocity, ionization intensity, and fraction of absorbed laser energy.

  13. Neuromuscular properties and functional aspects of taped ankles.

    PubMed

    Lohrer, H; Alt, W; Gollhofer, A

    1999-01-01

    We used electromyographic and goniometric methods to test 40 subjects to describe the neuromuscular and biomechanical adaptation of the ankle with respect to application of two different adhesive tapes and to exercises. The neuromuscular responses to inversion injury simulation, together with the mechanical displacements of the joint complex, were analyzed before and after controlled athletic exercises. The proprioceptive amplification ratio was calculated on the basis of the integrated reflex electromyographic results and on the maximum inversion amplitude. Relevant stability gains were achieved immediately after applying tape. There was reduced tape stability after athletic exercise for one of the two tape materials tested. No further loosening was detected, even after prolonged wearing of tape (24 hours). Compared with the unprotected ankle, the taped ankle had a significant increase in the proprioceptive amplification ratio. Both fatigue and mechanical loosening may be responsible for the significant reduction in this ratio immediately after exercise. After the 24-hour interval, the ratio was increased, which could be explained by physiologic neuromuscular regeneration and mechanical restabilization of the tape itself. The sensitivity of the proprioceptive amplification ratio, both to external stabilization and to internal fatigue, supports its potential value to quantify functional joint stability. PMID:9934422

  14. Tape extensometer sensitivity and reliability. [Climax fuel storage at NTS

    SciTech Connect

    Yow, J.L. Jr.; Wilder, D.G.

    1981-09-21

    The Spent Fuel Test-Climax is a test of retrievable storage in granite of spent nuclear reactor fuel. The rock has been instrumented to measure temperatures, stress changes, and displacements. Periodic tape extensometer readings provide test drift convergence data. Vertical and horizontal tape readings are made at five locations in each of two 3.4m x 3.4m (11 ft x 11 ft) drifts and six locations in a 4.6m x 6.2m (15 ft x 20.5 ft) drift. The sensitivity of the readings to temperature effects, errors in temperature corrections, change of steel tape, and change of operator has been examined. Calculated corrections for temperature-induced changes in distance range from 0.001 in. to 0.003 in.//sup 0/C. A tape changeout evidenced both a systematic error apparently due to slight changes in tape registration during punching and to nonidentical location of punched holes in the two tapes and a random error due to variability of reading and punching operations. These errors were corrected by making duplicate measurements for the tapes. Tape readings by the same operator have been repeatable within +-0.001 in. in the smaller drifts and +-0.002 in. in the larger. Different operators have been able to repeat readings to within +-0.004 in. (usually within +-0.002 in.) with generally consistent direction of offset between operators. Corrections of readings and review of plotted data show the tape extensometer to be a reliable instrument for tunnel convergence measurements.

  15. A case for automated tape in clinical imaging.

    PubMed

    Bookman, G; Baune, D

    1998-08-01

    Electronic archiving of radiology images over many years will require many terabytes of storage with a need for rapid retrieval of these images. As more large PACS installations are installed and implemented, a data crisis occurs. The ability to store this large amount of data using the traditional method of optical jukeboxes or online disk alone becomes an unworkable solution. The amount of floor space number of optical jukeboxes, and off-line shelf storage required to store the images becomes unmanageable. With the recent advances in tape and tape drives, the use of tape for long term storage of PACS data has become the preferred alternative. A PACS system consisting of a centrally managed system of RAID disk, software and at the heart of the system, tape, presents a solution that for the first time solves the problems of multi-modality high end PACS, non-DICOM image, electronic medical record and ADT data storage. This paper will examine the installation of the University of Utah, Department of Radiology PACS system and the integration of automated tape archive. The tape archive is also capable of storing data other than traditional PACS data. The implementation of an automated data archive to serve the many other needs of a large hospital will also be discussed. This will include the integration of a filmless cardiology department and the backup/archival needs of a traditional MIS department. The need for high bandwidth to tape with a large RAID cache will be examined and how with an interface to a RIS pre-fetch engine, tape can be a superior solution to optical platters or other archival solutions. The data management software will be discussed in detail. The performance and cost of RAID disk cache and automated tape compared to a solution that includes optical will be examined. PMID:9735431

  16. An Experimental Investigation of Damaged Arresting Gear Tapes for the Langley Aircraft Landing Dynamics Facility

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Mason, Angela J.

    1999-01-01

    An experimental investigation was performed on damaged arresting gear tapes at the Langley Aircraft Landing Dynamics Facility. The arrestment system uses five pairs of tapes to bring the test carriage to a halt. The procedure used to determine when to replace the tapes consists of a close evaluation of each of the 10 tapes after each run. During this evaluation, each tape is examined thoroughly and any damage observed on the tape is recorded. If the damaged tape does not pass the inspection, the tape is replaced with a new one. For the past 13 years, the most commonly seen damage types are edge fray damage and transverse damage. Tests were conducted to determine the maximum tensile strength of a damaged arresting gear tape specimen. The data indicate that tapes exhibiting transverse damage can withstand higher loads than tapes with edge fray damage.

  17. Improving the Spacelab mass memory unit tape layout with a simulation model

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Noneman, S. R.

    1984-01-01

    A tape drive called the Mass Memory Unit (MMU) stores software used by Spacelab computers. MMU tape motion must be minimized during typical flight operations to avoid a loss of scientific data. A projection of the tape motion is needed for evaluation of candidate tape layouts. A computer simulation of the scheduled and unscheduled MMU tape accesses is developed for this purpose. This simulation permits evaluations of candidate tape layouts by tracking and summarizing tape movements. The factors that affect tape travel are investigated and a heuristic is developed to find a good tape layout. An improved tape layout for Spacelab I is selected after the evaluation of fourteen candidates. The simulation model will provide the ability to determine MMU layouts that substantially decrease the tape travel on future Spacelab flights.

  18. An automated, video tape-based image archiving system.

    PubMed

    Vesely, I; Eickmeier, B; Campbell, G

    1991-01-01

    We have developed an image storage and retrieval system that makes use of a Super-VHS video tape recorder, and a personal computer fitted with an interface board and a video frame grabber. Under PC control, video images are acquired into the frame grabber, a numeric bar code is graphically superimposed for identification purposes, and the composite images are recorded on video tape. During retrieval, the bar code is decoded in real-time and the desired images are automatically retrieved. This video tape-based system, enables the images to be previewed and retrieved much faster than if stored in digital format. PMID:1769220

  19. TOPICAL REVIEW: Current status of high-Tc wire

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vase, Per; Flükiger, René; Leghissa, Martino; Glowacki, Bartek

    2000-07-01

    This paper is the result of the work of a SCENET (The European Network for Superconductivity) material working group's efforts on giving values for present and future expected performance of high-temperature superconducting (HTS) wires and tapes. The purpose of the work is to give input to the design of HTS applications like power cables, motors, current leads, magnets, transformers and generators. The current status performance values are supposed to be used in the design of today's prototypes and the future values for the design of fully commercial HTS applications of the future. We focus on what is expected to be the relevant parameters for HTS application design. The most successful technique by far for making HTS tapes has been on the (Bi, Pb)2Sr2Ca2Cu3Ox (Bi-2223) material by the powder-in-tube (PIT) technique and this paper therefore focuses on giving the current status and expected future performance for Bi-2223 tapes.

  20. 13 point video tape quality guidelines

    SciTech Connect

    Gaunt, R.

    1997-05-01

    Until high definition television (ATV) arrives, in the U.S. we must still contend with the National Television Systems Committee (NTSC) video standard (or PAL or SECAM-depending on your country). NTSC, a 40-year old standard designed for transmission of color video camera images over a small bandwidth, is not well suited for the sharp, full-color images that todays computers are capable of producing. PAL and SECAM also suffers from many of NTSC`s problems, but to varying degrees. Video professionals, when working with computer graphic (CG) images, use two monitors: a computer monitor for producing CGs and an NTSC monitor to view how a CG will look on video. More often than not, the NTSC image will differ significantly from the CG image, and outputting it to NTSC as an artist works enables the him or her to see the images as others will see it. Below are thirteen guidelines designed to increase the quality of computer graphics recorded onto video tape. Viewing your work in NTSC and attempting to follow the below tips will enable you to create higher quality videos. No video is perfect, so don`t expect to abide by every guideline every time.

  1. Shuttle-Data-Tape XML Translator

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Barry, Matthew R.; Osborne, Richard N.

    2005-01-01

    JSDTImport is a computer program for translating native Shuttle Data Tape (SDT) files from American Standard Code for Information Interchange (ASCII) format into databases in other formats. JSDTImport solves the problem of organizing the SDT content, affording flexibility to enable users to choose how to store the information in a database to better support client and server applications. JSDTImport can be dynamically configured by use of a simple Extensible Markup Language (XML) file. JSDTImport uses this XML file to define how each record and field will be parsed, its layout and definition, and how the resulting database will be structured. JSDTImport also includes a client application programming interface (API) layer that provides abstraction for the data-querying process. The API enables a user to specify the search criteria to apply in gathering all the data relevant to a query. The API can be used to organize the SDT content and translate into a native XML database. The XML format is structured into efficient sections, enabling excellent query performance by use of the XPath query language. Optionally, the content can be translated into a Structured Query Language (SQL) database for fast, reliable SQL queries on standard database server computers.

  2. 13. DETAIL SHOWING EXPOSED VERTICAL LOG CONSTRUCTION WITH MEASURING TAPE, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    13. DETAIL SHOWING EXPOSED VERTICAL LOG CONSTRUCTION WITH MEASURING TAPE, WEST ROOM AT REAR OF HOUSE, FIRST FLOOR - Pierre Delassus DeLuziereHouse, U.S. Route 61, Sainte Genevieve, Ste. Genevieve County, MO

  3. Measure Guideline: Guidance on Taped Insulating Sheathing Drainage Planes

    SciTech Connect

    Grin, A.; Lstiburek, J.

    2014-09-01

    The goal of this research is to provide durable and long-term water management solutions using exterior insulating sheathing as part of the water management system. It is possible to tape or seal the joints in insulating sheathing to create a drainage plane and even an air control layer. There exists the material durability component of the tape as well as the system durability component being the taped insulating sheathing as the drainage plane. This measure guideline provides best practice and product recommendations from the interviewed contractors and homebuilders who collectively have a vast amount of experience. Three significant issues were discussed with the group, which are required to make taped insulating sheathing a simple, long-term, and durable drainage plane: horizontal joints should be limited or eliminated wherever possible; where a horizontal joint exists use superior materials; and frequent installation inspection and regular trade training are required to maintain proper installation.

  4. 4. INTERIOR VIEW SHOWING CURRENT USE AS MAGNETIC TAPE STORAGE ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    4. INTERIOR VIEW SHOWING CURRENT USE AS MAGNETIC TAPE STORAGE FACILITY; VIEW TO NORTHEAST. - Cape Canaveral Air Station, Launch Complex 17, Facility 36002, East end of Lighthouse Road, Cape Canaveral, Brevard County, FL

  5. ICI optical data storage tape: An archival mass storage media

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ruddick, Andrew J.

    1993-01-01

    At the 1991 Conference on Mass Storage Systems and Technologies, ICI Imagedata presented a paper which introduced ICI Optical Data Storage Tape. This paper placed specific emphasis on the media characteristics and initial data was presented which illustrated the archival stability of the media. More exhaustive analysis that was carried out on the chemical stability of the media is covered. Equally important, it also addresses archive management issues associated with, for example, the benefits of reduced rewind requirements to accommodate tape relaxation effects that result from careful tribology control in ICI Optical Tape media. ICI Optical Tape media was designed to meet the most demanding requirements of archival mass storage. It is envisaged that the volumetric data capacity, long term stability and low maintenance characteristics demonstrated will have major benefits in increasing reliability and reducing the costs associated with archival storage of large data volumes.

  6. Accuracy testing of electric groundwater-level measurement tapes

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Jelinski, Jim; Clayton, Christopher S.; Fulford, Janice M.

    2015-01-01

    The accuracy tests demonstrated that none of the electric-tape models tested consistently met the suggested USGS accuracy of ±0.01 ft. The test data show that the tape models in the study should give a water-level measurement that is accurate to roughly ±0.05 ft per 100 ft without additional calibration. To meet USGS accuracy guidelines, the electric-tape models tested will need to be individually calibrated. Specific conductance also plays a part in tape accuracy. The probes will not work in water with specific conductance values near zero, and the accuracy of one probe was unreliable in very high conductivity water (10,000 microsiemens per centimeter).

  7. DICOM implementation on online tape library storage system

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Komo, Darmadi; Dai, Hailei L.; Elghammer, David; Levine, Betty A.; Mun, Seong K.

    1998-07-01

    The main purpose of this project is to implement a Digital Image and Communications (DICOM) compliant online tape library system over the Internet. Once finished, the system will be used to store medical exams generated from U.S. ARMY Mobile ARMY Surgical Hospital (MASH) in Tuzla, Bosnia. A modified UC Davis implementation of DICOM storage class is used for this project. DICOM storage class user and provider are implemented as the system's interface to the Internet. The DICOM software provides flexible configuration options such as types of modalities and trusted remote DICOM hosts. Metadata is extracted from each exam and indexed in a relational database for query and retrieve purposes. The medical images are stored inside the Wolfcreek-9360 tape library system from StorageTek Corporation. The tape library system has nearline access to more than 1000 tapes. Each tape has a capacity of 800 megabytes making the total nearline tape access of around 1 terabyte. The tape library uses the Application Storage Manager (ASM) which provides cost-effective file management, storage, archival, and retrieval services. ASM automatically and transparently copies files from expensive magnetic disk to less expensive nearline tape library, and restores the files back when they are needed. The ASM also provides a crash recovery tool, which enable an entire file system restore in a short time. A graphical user interface (GUI) function is used to view the contents of the storage systems. This GUI also allows user to retrieve the stored exams and send the exams to anywhere on the Internet using DICOM protocols. With the integration of different components of the system, we have implemented a high capacity online tape library storage system that is flexible and easy to use. Using tape as an alternative storage media as opposed to the magnetic disk has the great potential of cost savings in terms of dollars per megabyte of storage. As this system matures, the Hospital Information Systems

  8. Generation and physical characteristics of the LANDSAT-1, -2 and -3 MSS computer compatible tapes

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Thomas, V. L.

    1977-01-01

    The generation and format of the LANDSAT 1, 2, and 3 system corrected multispectral scanner computer compatible tapes are discussed. Included in the discussion are the spacecraft sensors, scene characteristics, the transmission of data, and the conversion of the data to computer compatible tapes. Also included in the discussion are geometric and radiometric corrections, tape formats, and the physical characteristics of the tape.

  9. Generation and physical characteristics of the ERTS MSS system corrected computer compatible tapes

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Thomas, V. L.

    1973-01-01

    The generation and format are discussed of the ERTS system corrected multispectral scanner computer compatible tapes. The discussion includes spacecraft sensors, scene characteristics, data transmission, and conversion of data to computer compatible tapes at the NASA Data Processing Facility. Geometeric and radiometric corrections, tape formats, and the physical characteristics of the tapes are also included.

  10. FGGE/SBUV tape specification and shipping letter description

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Han, D.; Lo, H.

    1983-01-01

    The FGGE/SBUV Level 2C data set consists of 12 9-track data tapes, each of which contains total ozone and ozone profile data for one calendar month grouped in files containing the data in a 6 hour synoptic time block. The data flow and quality checks in the production of this data set are described as well as the format of the data tapes and the accompanying shipping documents.

  11. VIEW OF CABLES AND TAPES ASSOCIATED WITH ADRIVE CONTROL ROD ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    VIEW OF CABLES AND TAPES ASSOCIATED WITH A-DRIVE CONTROL ROD SYSTEM, AT LEVEL +15’, DIRECTLY ABOVE PDP CONTROL ROOM, LOOKING NORTHWEST. THE CABLES FROM THE PDP ROOM GO THROUGH THE CONCRETE WALL, MAKE A RIGHT ANGLE TURN DOWNWARD, AND DESCEND INTO THE PDP CONTROL ROOM AS VERTICAL TAPES - Physics Assembly Laboratory, Area A/M, Savannah River Site, Aiken, Aiken County, SC

  12. Braiding And Wrapping Tape To Make A Composite Vessel

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Freitas, Glenn; Richard, Joe; Magee, Connie

    1995-01-01

    Braiding and forming combined in one-step process. In process, continuous plus or minus 45 degrees bias braided tape fabricated. Braiding done on site, and braided tape immediately wound on male mandrel in shinglelike configuration to make fabric preform. Subsequently, preform impregnated with matrix resin. Improved process does not produce stitches. Expected to yield consistent quality, to involve less handling of fabric, to produce less scrap, and thus to cost less.

  13. Storage, Preservation, and Recovery of Magnetic Recording Tape

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Cuddihy, Edward F.

    1994-01-01

    During the 1970's, a commercial magnetic recording tape fabricated with magnetic oxide particles, and with oxide and backcoat binders made from polyester urethane was being used for spacecraft tape recorders, and which would periodically manifest operational problems such as layer-to-layer adhesion, stick-slip, and shedding of sticky organic materials. These problems were generally associated with periods of high humidity. An experimental study identified that these problems resulted from hydrolysis of the polyester urethane binders.

  14. Calibration tests on magnetic tape lightning current detectors

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Crouch, K. E.

    1980-01-01

    The low cost, passive, peak lightning current detector (LCD) invented at the NASA/Kennedy Space Center, uses magnetic audio recording tape to sense the magnitude of the peak magnetic field around a conductor carrying lightning currents. Test results show that the length of audio tape erased was linearly related to the peak simulated lightning currents in a round conductor. Accuracies of + or - 10% were shown for measurements made using a stopwatch readout technique to determine the amount of tape erased by the lightning current. The stopwatch technique is a simple, low cost means of obtaining LCD readouts and can be used in the field to obtain immediate results. Where more accurate data are desired, the tape is played and the output recorded on a strip chart, oscilloscope, or some other means so that measurements can be made on that recording. Conductor dimensions, tape holder dimensions, and tape formulation must also be considered to obtain a more accurate result. If the shape of the conductor is other than circular (i.e., angle, channel, H-beam), an analysis of the magnetic field is required to use an LCD, especially at low current levels.

  15. Investigation into the strain tolerance of BSCCO composite tapes

    SciTech Connect

    Gherardi, L.; Caracino, P.; Metra, P.; Vellego, G.

    1994-12-31

    Intense research activity carried out worldwide has led to the development of high {Tc} superconducting tapes with electrical performances closer and closer to those required for power cables applications. In this perspective, the mechanical behavior of these tapes, which is known to be intrinsically rather poor, can turn out to be a critical factor. Mono and multifilamentary composite (silver sheathed) BSCCO tapes have been tested using a specially designed apparatus. The dependence of critical current on stress and strain has been investigated for different configurations, and possible models have been considered taking into account the structural parameters as well as the thermal history of the composite tapes. In particular, the effect of the pre-compression which is assumed to be imposed to the superconductor by the silver sheath during cool down has been analyzed. The comparison between experimentally determined maximum tolerable stress and strain of present tapes, and values typically required during cable manufacturing, handling and service conditions, is discussed. Possible ways to improve the strain tolerance of superconducting tapes are analyzed.

  16. Numerical modeling of twisted stacked tape cables for magnet applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Grilli, Francesco; Zermeño, Victor M. R.; Takayasu, Makoto

    2015-11-01

    In view of high-temperature superconductor (HTS) magnet applications, the concept of Twisted Stacked Tape Cable (TSTC) made of HTS coated conductors is very promising because of the easy manufacturing process and of the very high tape length usage efficiency. For the use of these cables in magnet applications, where the cables carry high current while subjected to the strong magnetic field generated by the rest of the magnet, the possibility of being able to calculate in detail current and field distributions is very welcome, particularly for evaluating the cable's performance during the charge of the magnet. The numerical modeling of this kind of cable is particularly challenging because of the twisted geometry. In this paper, we use a 3-D finite element model to compute the magnetization AC losses of a twisted superconductor and current repartition among the tapes in a cable composed of four HTS coated conductor tapes. The utilized model is able to simulate not only twisted geometries, but also the contact resistance of the electrical terminations used to inject the current. The latter can importantly influence the current repartition between the tapes, especially in short samples. The model is also able to take into account the angular dependence of the critical current on the local magnetic field, whose relative orientation with respect to the tape needs to be locally evaluated as a consequence of the twisted geometry.

  17. The effect of Kinesio Taping on handgrip strength.

    PubMed

    Lemos, Thiago Vilela; Pereira, Kelice Cristina; Protássio, Carina Celedonio; Lucas, Lorrane Barbosa; Matheus, Joao Paulo C

    2015-03-01

    [Purpose] The purpose of this research was to evaluate the change in muscle function induced by a Kinesio Tape application with no or moderate tension, to the dominant and non-dominant arms. [Subjects and Methods] This research was a quantitative study, in which 75 women participated. The subjects, aged 18-30 years, were divided into 3 groups, Kinesio, Kinesio without Tension, and Control, and they were assessed before the taping intervention and after 30 minutes, 24 hours, and 48 hours of taping. [Results] The Kinesio group subjects demonstrated an increase in handgrip strength after 30 minutes, 24 hours, and 48 hours of tape application compared to control. A statistically significant increase in strength was observed in the Kinesio group comparison to the Control after 24 hours and 48 hours for the right hand, and after 48 hours for the left hand. Improvement in the Kinesio group compared to the Kinesio without Tension was observed only after 24 hours of taping application, and only in the right hand. [Conclusion] The Kinesio Taping method augmented the handgrip strength of healthy women, and the increase in grip strength was maintained for 48 hours after its application; the dominant hand demonstrated the greatest strength values. PMID:25931682

  18. Kinesio Taping effects on knee extension force among soccer players

    PubMed Central

    Serra, Maysa V. G. B.; Vieira, Edgar R.; Brunt, Denis; Goethel, Márcio F.; Gonçalves, Mauro; Quemelo, Paulo R. V.

    2015-01-01

    Background: Kinesio Taping (KT) is widely used, however the effects of KT on muscle activation and force are contradictory. Objective: To evaluate the effects of KT on knee extension force in soccer players. Method: This is a clinical trial study design. Thirty-four subjects performed two maximal isometric voluntary contractions of the lower limbs pre, immediately post, and 24 hours after tape application on the lower limbs. Both lower limbs were taped, using K-Tape and 3M Micropore tape randomly on the right and left thighs of the participants. Isometric knee extension force was measured for dominant side using a strain gauge. The following variables were assessed: peak force, time to peak force, rate of force development until peak force, time to peak rate of force development, and 200 ms pulse. Results: There were no statistically significant differences in the variables assessed between KT and Micropore conditions (F=0.645, p=0.666) or among testing sessions (pre, post, and 24h after) (F=0.528, p=0.868), and there was no statistical significance (F=0.271, p=0.986) for interaction between tape conditions and testing session. Conclusion: KT did not affect the force-related measures assessed immediately and 24 hours after the KT application compared with Micropore application, during maximal isometric voluntary knee extension. PMID:25789557

  19. The effect of Kinesio Taping on handgrip strength

    PubMed Central

    Lemos, Thiago Vilela; Pereira, Kelice Cristina; Protássio, Carina Celedonio; Lucas, Lorrane Barbosa; Matheus, Joao Paulo C.

    2015-01-01

    [Purpose] The purpose of this research was to evaluate the change in muscle function induced by a Kinesio Tape application with no or moderate tension, to the dominant and non-dominant arms. [Subjects and Methods] This research was a quantitative study, in which 75 women participated. The subjects, aged 18–30 years, were divided into 3 groups, Kinesio, Kinesio without Tension, and Control, and they were assessed before the taping intervention and after 30 minutes, 24 hours, and 48 hours of taping. [Results] The Kinesio group subjects demonstrated an increase in handgrip strength after 30 minutes, 24 hours, and 48 hours of tape application compared to control. A statistically significant increase in strength was observed in the Kinesio group comparison to the Control after 24 hours and 48 hours for the right hand, and after 48 hours for the left hand. Improvement in the Kinesio group compared to the Kinesio without Tension was observed only after 24 hours of taping application, and only in the right hand. [Conclusion] The Kinesio Taping method augmented the handgrip strength of healthy women, and the increase in grip strength was maintained for 48 hours after its application; the dominant hand demonstrated the greatest strength values. PMID:25931682

  20. Obituary: Gerald Frederick Tape, 1915-2005

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hughes, Robert E.

    2007-12-01

    Gerald Frederick Tape, a distinguished science statesman and administrator, died on November 20, 2005. Jerry, as he was known to all, took on many diverse and important responsibilities throughout his life and dealt with them with quiet authority and grace. This was the hallmark of his life. The Board of Trustees of Associated Universities, Inc., which he served for many years, expressed this in its condolences, writing "Jerry personified integrity, thoroughness and dedication. His sensitivity for the views of others, his sincerity, his personal commitment, his calm approach and his unfailing good humor were all greatly admired and respected." Jerry was born in Ann Arbor, Michigan on May 29, 1915 but grew up in Milan, a nearby country farm community, and in Ypsilanti where his father was Principal of Michigan State Normal College, which later became Eastern Michigan University (EMU). It was there that he first became interested in physics. It was there also that he met and courted Josephine Waffen, who later would become his wife for more than sixty-six years and fill their lives with three loving sons, Walter, James, and Thomas. Upon graduation from EMU, Jerry was awarded a scholarship that took him to the University of Michigan where he earned a Ph.D. in Physics, researching the decay modes of the radioisotopes of iodine. In the Fall of 1939, during the waning days of the Great Depression, he was offered an Instructorship in the Physics Department of Cornell University, a promising start for a fruitful academic career. He brought his bride Jo to Ithaca and joined the cyclotron group under Robert Bacher and Willy Higginbotham while devising a laboratory course in nuclear techniques for graduate students. Bacher and Higginbotham soon left Cornell to join a new wartime laboratory at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and many other colleagues were "drafted" for war work. Bacher persuaded Jerry to join him at the MIT Radiation Laboratory in February

  1. Accelerated aging studies and environmental stability of prototype tamper tapes

    SciTech Connect

    Wright, B.W.; Wright, C.W.; Bunk, A.R.

    1995-05-01

    This report describes the results of accelerated aging experiments (weathering) conducted on prototype tamper tapes bonded to a variety of surface materials. The prototype tamper tapes were based on the patented Confirm{reg_sign} tamper-indicating technology developed and produced by 3M Company. Tamper tapes bonded to surfaces using pressure sensitive adhesive (PSA) and four rapid-set adhesives were evaluated. The configurations of the PSA-bonded tamper tapes were 1.27-cm-wide Confirm{reg_sign} 1700 windows with vinyl underlay and 2.54-cm-wide Confirm{reg_sign} 1700 windows with vinyl and polyester underlays. The configurations of the rapid-set adhesive-bonded tamper tapes were 2.54-cm-wide Confirm{reg_sign} (1700, 1500 with and without primer, and 1300) windows with vinyl underlay. Surfaces used for bonding included aluminum, steel, stainless steel, Kevlar{reg_sign}, brass, copper, fiberglass/resin with and without gel coat, polyurethane-painted steel, acrylonitrile:butadiene:styrene plastic, polyester fiberglass board, Lexan polycarbonate, and cedar wood. Weathering conditions included a QUV cabinet (ultraviolet light at 60{degrees}C, condensing humidity at 40{degrees}C), a thermal cycling cabinet (-18{degrees}C to 46{degrees}C), a Weather-O-Meter (Xenon lamp), and exposure outdoors in Daytona Beach, Florida. Environmental aging exposures lasted from 7 weeks to 5 months. After exposure, the tamper tapes were visually examined and tested for transfer resistance. Tamper tapes were also exposed to a variety of chemical liquids (including organic solvents, acids, bases, and oxidizing liquids) to determine chemical resistance and to sand to determine abrasion resistance.

  2. The NT digital micro tape recorder

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Sasaki, Toshikazu; Alstad, John; Younker, Mike

    1993-01-01

    The description of an audio recorder may at first glance seem out of place in a conference which has been dedicated to the discussion of the technology and requirements of mass data storage. However, there are several advanced features of the NT system which will be of interest to the mass storage technologist. Moreover, there are a sufficient number of data storage formats in current use which have evolved from their audio counterparts to recommend a close attention to major innovative introductions of audio storage formats. While the existing analog micro-cassette recorder has been (and will continue to be) adequate for various uses, there are significant benefits to be gained through the application of digital technology. The elimination of background tape hiss and the availability of two relatively wide band channels (for stereo recording), for example, would greatly enhance listenability and speech intelligibility. And with the use of advanced high-density recording and LSI circuit technologies, a digital micro recorder can realize unprecedented compactness with excellent energy efficiency. This is what was accomplished with the NT-1 Digital Micro Recorder. Its remarkably compact size contributes to its portability. The high-density NT format enables up to two hours of low-noise digital stereo recording on a cassette the size of a postage stamp. Its highly energy-efficient mechanical and electrical design results in low power consumption; the unit can be operated up to 7 hours (for continuous recording) on a single AA alkaline battery. Advanced user conveniences include a multifunction LCD readout. The unit's compactness and energy-efficiency, in particular, are attributes that cannot be matched by existing analog and digital audio formats. The size, performance, and features of the NT format are of benefit primarily to those who desire improved portability and audio quality in a personal memo product. The NT Recorder is the result of over ten years of

  3. Induction Bonding of Prepreg Tape and Titanium Foil

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Messier, Bernadette C.; Hinkley, Jeffrey A.; Johnston, Norman J.

    1998-01-01

    Hybrid structural laminates made of titanium foil and carbon fiber reinforced polymer composite offer a potential for improved performance in aircraft structural applications. To obtain information needed for the automated fabrication of hybrid laminates, a series of bench scale tests were conducted of the magnetic induction bonding of titanium foil and thermoplastic prepreg tape. Foil and prepreg specimens were placed in the gap of a toroid magnet mounted in a bench press. Several magnet power supplies were used to study power at levels from 0.5 to 1.75 kW and frequencies from 50 to 120 kHz. Sol-gel surface-treated titanium foil, 0.0125 cm thick, and PIXA/IM7 prepreg tape were used in several lay-up configurations. Data were obtained on wedge peel bond strength, heating rate, and temperature ramp over a range of magnet power levels and frequencies at different "power-on" times for several magnet gap dimensions. These data will be utilized in assessing the potential for automated processing. Peel strengths of foil-tape bonds depended on the maximum temperature reached during heating and on the applied pressure. Maximum peel strengths were achieved at 1.25kW and 8OkHz. Induction heating of the foil appears to be capable of good bonding up to 10 plies of tape. Heat transfer calculations indicate that a 20-40 C temperature difference exists across the tape thickness during heat-up.

  4. Materials for Heated Head Automated Thermoplastic Tape Placement

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Jensen, Brian J.; Kinney, Megan C.; Cano, Roberto J.; Grimsley, Brian W.

    2012-01-01

    NASA Langley Research Center (LaRC) is currently pursuing multiple paths to develop out of autoclave (OOA) polymeric composite materials and processes. Polymeric composite materials development includes the synthesis of new and/or modified thermosetting and thermoplastic matrix resins designed for specific OOA processes. OOA processes currently under investigation include vacuum bag only (VBO) prepreg/composite fabrication, resin transfer molding (RTM), vacuum assisted resin transfer molding (VARTM) and heated head automated thermoplastic tape placement (HHATP). This paper will discuss the NASA Langley HHATP facility and capabilities and recent work on characterizing thermoplastic tape quality and requirements for quality part production. Samples of three distinct versions of APC-2 (AS4/PEEK) thermoplastic dry tape were obtained from two materials vendors, TENCATE, Inc. and CYTEC Engineered Materials** (standard grade and an experimental batch). Random specimens were taken from each of these samples and subjected to photo-microscopy and surface profilometry. The CYTEC standard grade of APC-2 tape had the most voids and splits and the highest surface roughness and/or waviness. Since the APC-2 tape is composed of a thermoplastic matrix, it offers the flexibility of reprocessing to improve quality, and thereby improve final quality of HHATP laminates. Discussions will also include potential research areas and future work that is required to advance the state of the art in the HHATP process for composite fabrication.

  5. Application of Kinesio Taping method for newborn swallowing difficultly

    PubMed Central

    Lin, Chien-Lin; Wu, Wei-Ting; Chang, Ke-Vin; Lin, Hong-Yi; Chou, Li-Wei

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Background: Preterm infants are at an increased risk of sucking problems, swallowing difficulty, and poor nourishment. During the neonatal period, the neurobehavioral organization of a preterm baby is poor compared with that of appropriate gestational age infants. Kinesio Taping has been widely used for edema control, joint protection, and proprioception training. With the help of augmentation of the sensory input for muscle facilitation and inhibition through tapping, the coordination of the target muscle groups can be improved. Until now, no research is available on the use of Kinesio Taping for the swallowing difficulty of infant. Methods: We reported a preterm infant suffering from brain edema at birth and swallowing difficultly until 40 weeks. The swallowing reflex was delayed. Moreover, lip closure and rooting reflex combined with the dysfunction grade of jaw movement were poor. We performed KT methods on the baby under the theory of the direction of the tape for facilitate or inhibit the muscle. Result: After the Kinesio Taping treatment, the sucking function was improved with good lip closure.One week later, the baby was discharged without the use of an oral gastric tube. Conclusion: Kinesio Taping contributed significantly to the improvement of impaired sucking and swallowing and could be implemented as a regular rehabilitative approach for infants suffering from these difficulties. PMID:27495080

  6. Experimental Investigations of Woven Textile Tape as Strain Sensor

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kannaian, T.; Naveen, V. S.; Muthukumar, N.; Thilagavathi, G.

    2015-10-01

    In this article, a strain sensitive textile based elastomeric tape sensor has been developed and process parameters for sensor development are optimized. Polyester yarns are used as base threads and rubber threads are used as elastomer for the sensor development. The sensor has been developed with the help of narrow width tape loom by introducing the silver coated nylon yarn in the middle of the tape structure. The influence of weave structure, number of conductive threads and rubber thread tension on sensor development has been optimized by using the Box-Behnken method and the results are analyzed using the Design expert software. From the results, it is found that six numbers of conductive threads in a plain weave structure with rubber thread tension of 750 g is suitable for the sensor to give high gauge factor of 1.626.

  7. Critical Current Measurements in Commercial Tapes, Coils, and Magnets.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gubser, D. U.; Soulen, R. J., Jr.; Fuller-Mora, W. W.; Francavilla, T. L.

    1996-03-01

    We have measured a number of tapes, coils, and magnets produced by commercial vendors and determined their properties as functions of magnetic field and temperature. The tapes were measured at the National High Magnetic Field Laboratory in magnetic fields to 20 tesla and at temperatures of 4.2 K, 27 K, 65 K, and 77 K. For the tapes we report critical currents and current-voltage characteristics. Six inch diameter coils were measured at NRL in zero magnetic field. Critical currents, current-voltage characteristics, and reliability studies are reported for the coils. Larger 10 inch diameter coils, which are to be used in a 200 hp superconducting motor, were also measured and results will be presented. The talk will also review the status of the most recent tests of the superconducting motor.

  8. Preparation of MgB2 superconducting tapes using electrophoresis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Xu, J. D.; Wang, S. F.; Zhou, Y. B.; Zhou, Y. L.; Chen, Z. H.; Cui, D. F.; Lu, H. B.; He, M.; Dai, S. Y.; Yang, G. Z.

    2002-08-01

    Superconducting MgB2/Ta tapes with a critical temperature of 34 K have been prepared successfully by ex situ annealing of electrophoresis-grown boron in the presence of Mg vapour at 920 °C. Scanning electron microscopy was used to examine the surface morphology of the MgB2/Ta tapes, and well-formed MgB2 crystals with sizes up to 2 μm were observed. The x-ray diffraction patterns showed randomly orientated growth of MgB2 phase in the tapes. Estimates using hysteresis loops and the Bean model give a value of 6.8 × 105 A cm-2 for the critical current density.

  9. High current density electropolishing in the preparation of highly smooth substrate tapes for coated conductors

    SciTech Connect

    Kreiskott, Sascha; Matias, Vladimir; Arendt, Paul N.; Foltyn, Stephen R.; Bronisz, Lawrence E.

    2009-03-31

    A continuous process of forming a highly smooth surface on a metallic tape by passing a metallic tape having an initial roughness through an acid bath contained within a polishing section of an electropolishing unit over a pre-selected period of time, and, passing a mean surface current density of at least 0.18 amperes per square centimeter through the metallic tape during the period of time the metallic tape is in the acid bath whereby the roughness of the metallic tape is reduced. Such a highly smooth metallic tape can serve as a base substrate in subsequent formation of a superconductive coated conductor.

  10. LGSOWG CCT format CCB document: The standard CCT family of tape formats

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1979-01-01

    The tape format standardization approach recommended by the committee on CCT standardization is described and defined. All rules and conventions required to employ the superstructure approach to the CCT family of tape formats are presented for users of remote sensing data and producer of user tapes and the superstructure records are specified. The standard for future tape format design is presented as a guide to designing data records of a particular tape format. An example is provided showing how to incorporate the superstructure into an already established tape format.

  11. The ISEE-3 ULEWAT: Flux tape description and heavy ion fluxes 1978-1984. [plasma diagnostics

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Mason, G. M.; Klecker, B.

    1985-01-01

    The ISEE ULEWAT FLUX tapes contain ULEWAT and ISEE pool tape data summarized over relatively long time intervals (1hr) in order to compact the data set into an easily usable size. (Roughly 3 years of data fit onto one 1600 BPI 9-track magnetic tape). In making the tapes, corrections were made to the ULEWAT basic data tapes in order to, remove rate spikes and account for changes in instrument response so that to a large extent instrument fluxes can be calculated easily from the FLUX tapes without further consideration of instrument performance.

  12. Obituary: Gerald Frederick Tape, 1915-2005

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hughes, Robert E.

    2007-12-01

    Gerald Frederick Tape, a distinguished science statesman and administrator, died on November 20, 2005. Jerry, as he was known to all, took on many diverse and important responsibilities throughout his life and dealt with them with quiet authority and grace. This was the hallmark of his life. The Board of Trustees of Associated Universities, Inc., which he served for many years, expressed this in its condolences, writing "Jerry personified integrity, thoroughness and dedication. His sensitivity for the views of others, his sincerity, his personal commitment, his calm approach and his unfailing good humor were all greatly admired and respected." Jerry was born in Ann Arbor, Michigan on May 29, 1915 but grew up in Milan, a nearby country farm community, and in Ypsilanti where his father was Principal of Michigan State Normal College, which later became Eastern Michigan University (EMU). It was there that he first became interested in physics. It was there also that he met and courted Josephine Waffen, who later would become his wife for more than sixty-six years and fill their lives with three loving sons, Walter, James, and Thomas. Upon graduation from EMU, Jerry was awarded a scholarship that took him to the University of Michigan where he earned a Ph.D. in Physics, researching the decay modes of the radioisotopes of iodine. In the Fall of 1939, during the waning days of the Great Depression, he was offered an Instructorship in the Physics Department of Cornell University, a promising start for a fruitful academic career. He brought his bride Jo to Ithaca and joined the cyclotron group under Robert Bacher and Willy Higginbotham while devising a laboratory course in nuclear techniques for graduate students. Bacher and Higginbotham soon left Cornell to join a new wartime laboratory at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and many other colleagues were "drafted" for war work. Bacher persuaded Jerry to join him at the MIT Radiation Laboratory in February

  13. Mirror-touch and ticker tape experiences in synesthesia

    PubMed Central

    Chun, Charlotte A.; Hupé, Jean-Michel

    2013-01-01

    A fundamental question in the field of synesthesia is whether it is associated with other cognitive phenomena. The current study examined synesthesia's connections with phenomenal traits of mirror-touch and ticker tape experiences, as well as the representation of the three phenomena in the population, across gender and domain of work/study. Mirror-touch is the automatic, involuntary experience of tactile sensation on one's own body when others are being touched. For example, seeing another person's arm being stroked can evoke physical touch sensation on one's own arm. Ticker tape is the automatic visualization of spoken words or thoughts, such as a teleprompter. For example, when spoken to, a ticker taper might see mentally the spoken words displayed in front of his face or as coming out of the speaker's mouth. To explore synesthesia's associations with these phenomena, a diverse group (n = 3743) was systematically recruited from eight universities and one public museum in France to complete an online screening. Of the 1017 eligible respondents, synesthetes (across all subtypes) reported higher rates of mirror-touch and ticker tape than non-synesthetes, suggesting that synesthesia is associated with these phenomenal traits. However, effect sizes were small and we could not rule out that response bias influenced these associations. Mirror-touch and ticker tape were independent. No differences were found across gender or domain of work and study in prevalence of synesthesia, mirror-touch or ticker tape. The prevalence of ticker tape, unknown so far, was estimated at about 7%, an intermediate rate between estimates of grapheme-color (2–4%) and sequence-space synesthesia (9–14%). Within synesthesia, grapheme-personification, also called ordinal-linguistic personification (OLP) was the most common subtype and was estimated around 12%. Co-occurences of the different types of synesthesia were higher than chance, though at the level of small effect sizes. PMID

  14. Modelling Three Dimensional, Tape Spring Based, Space Deployable Structures

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Walker, S. J. I.; Kiley, A.; Aglietti, G. S.; Cook, A.; McDonald, A. D.

    2012-07-01

    Deployable structures are required for many satellite operations, to deploy booms for communications or area deployment for power generation, and many sophisticated mechanisms have been developed for these types of structures. However, tape springs, defined as thin metallic strips with an initially curved cross- section, are an attractive structural solution and hinge mechanism for satellite deployable structures because of their low mass, low cost and general simplicity. They have previously been used to deploy booms and array panels in various configurations that incorporate small two-dimensional tape hinges, but they also have the potential to be used in greater numbers to create larger, more geometrically complicated deployable structures. This publication investigates the applicability of using a simplified modelling approach to predict the deployment dynamics of a three dimensional deployable structure that uses a significant quantity of tape springs. This work builds on previous studies which have focused on the analysis of two dimensional tape spring based structures. The configuration being investigated consists of four walls mounted as a square. Each wall has three fold lines allowing the structure to fold down in a concertina style and each fold line is populated by a series of tape spring hinges mounted in pairs. A total number of around 600 individual tape springs elements are used across the 12 fold lines. A computationally efficient method of simulating the three dimensional deployable structure was studied based on a finite element explicit analysis. Equivalent static and dynamic experimental testing on a breadboard structure is presented allowing a direct comparison of the theoretical and experimental data. It was concluded that this simplified analysis approach is capable of modelling the structural dynamics in the deployment direction for three dimensional structural deployments. As a result, the use of this approach could significantly reduce

  15. TM digital image products for applications. [computer compatible tapes

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Barker, J. L.; Gunther, F. J.; Abrams, R. B.; Ball, D.

    1984-01-01

    Computer compatible tapes (CCTs) of LANDSAT 4 thematic mapper (TM) digital image products are compared and reviewed. The following tape formats are discussed: (1) raw band-sequential data (CCT-BT); (2) calibrated data (CCT-AT); and (3) geometrically resampled data (CCT-PT). Each format represents different steps in the process of producing fully corrected TM data. The CCT-BT images are uncorrected radiometrically or geometrically, CCT-AT data are radiometrically calibrated, and CCT-PT images are both radiometrically and geometrically corrected.

  16. RAPID COMMUNICATION: Percolation modelling for highly aligned polycrystalline superconducting tapes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rutter, N. A.; Glowacki, B. A.; Evetts, J. E.

    2000-11-01

    Surface and bulk texture measurements have been carried out on highly aligned NiFe tapes, suitable for use as coated conductor substrates. Data from small-area electron backscatter diffraction measurements are compared with those from bulk x-ray analysis in the development of a two-dimensional percolation model, and the two are shown to give very similar results. No evidence of grain-to-grain correlation is found. The model is then developed to assess how the properties of a superconducting layer grown epitaxially on buffered tapes will depend on parameters such as sample size, grain size and the extent of grain alignment.

  17. Overview of Challenger Space Shuttle tape-data recovery study

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bhushan, B.; Phelan, R. M.

    1987-09-01

    The Challenger Orbiter's magnetic flight recorder tapes underwent six weeks of deterioration in sea water, and could not be unwound without damage to the recording surface. Attention is presently given to the method used to chemically treat the damaged magnesium tape reels in a wash tank, under partial vacuum, with nitric acid and methanol. The treated reel was relubricated before careful unwinding at 0.15 m/min. Over 90 percent of the data blocks from a recorder were readable, and 100 percent of the voice data blocks were recovered.

  18. Raman identification of drug of abuse particles collected with colored and transparent tapes.

    PubMed

    Moreno, Victor Molina; López-López, María; Atoche, Juan-Carlos; García-Ruiz, Carmen

    2014-03-01

    Raman microscopy is a useful tool for the analysis of drug particles collected with adhesive tapes. In this work, first, the spectra of thirty drugs of abuse, degradation products, metabolites, and common cutting agent standards were recorded and the Raman bands observed were summarized providing the forensic analyst useful information for the identification of drug evidence. Then, the collection of different drug particles by a fingerprint lifting tape commonly used to remove and store fingerprints and fibers, and a white and green packaging tape, followed by the subsequent identification of the drugs by confocal Raman spectroscopy was performed. The particles were analyzed on top of the tapes, trapped between glass slides and the tapes, trapped in the tape folded over itself in the case of the transparent tape, and after folding and unfolding the tape in the case of the colored tape. The results obtained by the different approaches show that both tapes did not compromise the drugs spectra. However, the use of transparent tape is preferred because this tape allows the previous visual detection of the particles. Finally, several drug and sugar particles were spread over a clean table and inside a pocket, and the particles were collected with transparent tape and then properly identified. Although good results were obtained in both cases, the amount of fibers and other substances present in the collection area made the previous detection of the particles difficult and increases the analysis time. PMID:24630328

  19. Test results of HTS magnet for SMES application

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kozak, J.; Majka, M.; Jaroszynski, L.; Janowski, T.; Kozak, S.; Kondratowicz – Kucewicz, B.; Wojtasiewicz, G.

    2010-06-01

    The magnet for a superconducting magnetic energy storage system (SMES) conducting cooled by SRDK-408 cryocooler is described in this paper. The superconducting magnet consists of 7 double-pancake coils made of Bi-2223 HTS tape with the inner and outer diameters 210 mm, 315 mm respectively and height of 191 mm. The inductance of the magnet is approximately 1 H. In this paper we report the design improvements and the measurement results taken at the cooling of the magnet.

  20. Experimental Manufacture and Performance Evaluation of Linear Switched Reluctance Motor with HTS Excitation Windings

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hirayama, Tadashi; Oto, Satoshi; Higashijima, Atsushi; Kawabata, Shuma

    This paper presents an experimental manufacture and performance evaluation of prototype linear switched reluctance motor with HTS excitation windings (HTS-LSRM). The Ag-alloy sheathed Bi-2223 tapes are used for HTS coils. We first present a structure of the prototype HTS-LSRM. Next, current-carrying properties of the HTS coils are measured. Furthermore, current and voltage waveforms are measured and we evaluation a control performance of the current and voltage.

  1. A study of the frictional and stick-slip behavior of magnetic recording tapes

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kalfayan, S. H.; Silver, R. H.; Hoffman, J. K.

    1972-01-01

    Methods were developed to determine the coefficient of friction and the extent of stick-slip of magnetic recording tapes. After a preliminary phase during which experimental procedures were established and screening of candidate tapes was carried out, the frictional and stick-slip behavior of four selected tapes, using four different kinds of magnetic heads, was studied at various temperatures, under dry and humid conditions, and in various gaseous atmospheres, such as argon, helium, nitrogen and air. The effects of tape speed and outgassing on the drag properties of the tapes were also studied. A rank was assigned to each tape and magnetic head as a result of these tests. This study helped in the selection of a magnetic tape in a flight project, and will be useful in the consideration of tapes and magnetic heads for future spacecraft applications.

  2. Functional properties of adhesive ankle taping: neuromuscular and mechanical effects before and after exercise.

    PubMed

    Alt, W; Lohrer, H; Gollhofer, A

    1999-04-01

    The purpose of the study was to investigate effects of adhesive ankle taping. Using electromyographic, goniometric, and thermologic methods, different ankle tapes were tested before and after athletic exercise in simulated inversion trauma. Twelve subjects with stable ankle joints performed five trials: with two different materials, with two taping techniques, and one trial without tape as control. After the simulated inversion trauma, approximately 35% of the initial maximum inversion amplitude was decreased by ankle taping. Depending on the technique, there was a loss of tape stability < or =14% after 30 min of athletic exercise. Thermologic analysis revealed a postexercise 6 degrees C temperature increase in the foot, especially under the tape. Initially, interpreted as the primary effect, the improved joint stabilization is based on mechanical stiffness caused by the adhesive tape. Joint stability was influenced positively by neuromuscular proprioceptive and physiological processes, characterized by relatively increased electromyographic activation. PMID:10229280

  3. Resource Conservation and Recovery Information System (RCRIS) extract tapes (on magnetic tape). Data file

    SciTech Connect

    1996-04-01

    RCRIS contains information on hazardous waste handlers regulated by The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA). Data is supplied by the regulated community and RCRA permitting and compliance program personnel. All hazardous waste handlers are required to notify EPA of their existence by submitting the Federal Notification of Regulated Waste Activity Form (EPA Form 8700-12) or a State equivalent form. The Notification form provides basic identification information (e.g., handler name and location address, and owner/operator and contact names, addresses and phone numbers), specific hazardous waste activities (e.g., generator, transporter, or treatment/storage/disposal), and wastes handled. Treatment, storage and disposal facilities (TSDFs) are further required to submit Part A (EPA Form 8700-23) and Part B of their Hazardous Waste Permit Application. The Part A form provides more detailed information concerning wastes handled, plus SIC codes and process data. Information from the Notification and Part A forms described above, permit issuance data supplied by RCRA permit writers, and non-sensitive compliance and enforcement data collected by compliance program personnel is included on the tapes.

  4. Trimeric and Tetrameric Electron-Deficient Porphyrin Tapes.

    PubMed

    Mori, Hirotaka; Kim, Taeyeon; Kim, Dongho; Osuka, Atsuhiro

    2016-05-01

    New hybrid porphyrin tapes comprising meso-3,5-di-tert-butylphenyl-substituted Zn(II) -porphyrins (D) and meso-pentafluorophenyl-substituted Zn(II) -porphyrins (A) were synthesized via cross-condensation of meso-formyl porphyrins 1, 5, and 9 with oligopyrromethanes 2 and 6 as key steps. These hybrid tapes exhibit improved solubilities and enhanced chemical stability as compared with original Dn porphyrin tapes, and all display remarkably coplanar structures favorable for π-conjugation. The absorption spectrum of ADDA displays Q-like bands at 1400 and 1657 nm with a vibronic structure characteristic of porphyrinoids. The cyclic voltammograms exhibited positively shifted oxidation and reduction waves in the order of DDDtape ADDA displays five reversible waves in a narrow range of 1.13 V. Two-photon absorption (TPA) measurement confirmed that the π-conjugation path is extended from 12 to ADDA and the molecular polarizability of ADA is larger than that of AAA. PMID:26991968

  5. 48 CFR 908.7116 - Electronic data processing tape.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... in accordance with FPMR 41 CFR 101-26.508. (b) Acquisitions of electronic data processing tape by authorized contractors shall be in accordance with FPMR 41 CFR 101-26.508-1. However, if adequate... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Electronic data...

  6. 48 CFR 908.7116 - Electronic data processing tape.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... in accordance with FPMR 41 CFR 101-26.508. (b) Acquisitions of electronic data processing tape by authorized contractors shall be in accordance with FPMR 41 CFR 101-26.508-1. However, if adequate... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Electronic data...

  7. 48 CFR 908.7116 - Electronic data processing tape.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... in accordance with FPMR 41 CFR 101-26.508. (b) Acquisitions of electronic data processing tape by authorized contractors shall be in accordance with FPMR 41 CFR 101-26.508-1. However, if adequate... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Electronic data...

  8. 48 CFR 908.7116 - Electronic data processing tape.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... in accordance with FPMR 41 CFR 101-26.508. (b) Acquisitions of electronic data processing tape by authorized contractors shall be in accordance with FPMR 41 CFR 101-26.508-1. However, if adequate... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Electronic data...

  9. An Important Adjunct for Counselors: Video Taped Role Playing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Soltys, Michael P.

    1971-01-01

    Through effective use of video tape students can become better prepared for the interview, more confident and poised, and better able to relate more effectively with people. The work described in this article is related to the content of a recent CPS workshop reported in this issue. (Author)

  10. STS-46 Special Events Resource Tape, Part 1 of 2

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1992-01-01

    Footage shows the inflight interviews of the crew of the STS-46 Atlantis Orbiter. An Italian VIP call and press conference (both spoken in Italian) are seen, and Mission Specialist Franklin R. Chang-Diaz participates in a Costa Rican VIP call (spoken in Spanish). See also 'STS-46 Special Events Resource Tape, Part 2 of 2'.

  11. Using Tutor Tapes to Support the Distance Learner.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kelly, Patrick; Ryan, Steve

    1983-01-01

    Discusses the use of audiocassettes to support students in distance education. While tutor tapes will never be the primary means of student support because they are not interactive, they should be considered as a low cost, flexible option. (AVAIL: Open University, Northwest Region, 70 Manchester Road, Chorlton-cum-Hardy, Manchester, M21 1PQ,…

  12. Portable Video Tape Recorder. A Guide for Teachers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McAdam, J. Robert; Vento, Charles J.

    Portable video tape recorders (PVTR) provide teachers and students with opportunities for less expensive experimentation in using television as a teaching tool. This guide suggests ways of utilizing PVTR, gives examples, describes the operation of the equipment, and reviews differences in the equipment available. (RH)

  13. Experimental research on tape spring supported space inflatable structures

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cook, Andrew J.; Walker, Scott J. I.

    2016-01-01

    This paper presents experimental research that continues the development of inflatable hybrid structures for space applications. Inflatables provide a concept with much scope for further incorporation into the structures of future spacecraft. They offer considerable savings in mass and stowed volume for spacecraft, providing possible reductions in satellite costs. Existing boom configurations make use of inflatables including solar arrays and the NGST sunshield. However these typically soft systems could be improved by incorporating tape springs as structural stiffeners along the length of the boom, creating hybrid structures. This research builds on previous experimental work undertaken at the University of Southampton looking at cantilever inflatable and hybrid booms. The focus of this research is to identify the structural performance improvement of adding tape springs to cantilever inflatable booms. This is achieved by tip deflection testing to determine the bending moment and rigidity performances of these structures allowing a comparison between the two technologies. Several hybrid booms are created and tested in various orientations to identify the optimal tape spring effectiveness. It was found that adding a pair of tape springs will increase stiffness of the hybrid structure by up to 4.9 times for an increase of 2.4 times the boom mass.

  14. National Center for Audio Tapes 1971 Catalog Supplement.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Colorado Univ., Boulder. National Center for Audio Tapes.

    About 600 audio tapes are cataloged in this supplement to the 1970-71 catalog (ED 038 854). The catalog is organized in three sections. The subject index, based on the Library of Congress subject area classification scheme, includes these categories: art, education, languages and literature, mathematics, physical education and recreation, science,…

  15. A Continuing Engineering Education Program Utilizing Video Tape

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Biedenbach, Joseph M.

    1970-01-01

    Radio Corporation of America has developed a series of courses on video tape for use with their engineering staffs at locations throughout the country. The courses include such topics as FORTRAN Programming, Engineering Mathematics, and Holography. Thirty-six course topics are proposed to date. (MF)

  16. Kodak phase-change media for optical tape applications

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Tyan, Yuan-Sheng; Preuss, Donald R.; Olin, George R.; Vazan, Fridrich; Pan, Kee-Chuan; Raychaudhuri, Pranab. K.

    1993-01-01

    The SbInSn phase-change write-once optical medium developed by Eastman Kodak Company is particularly suitable for development into the next generation optical tape media. Its performance for optical recording has already been demonstrated in some of the highest performance optical disk systems. Some of the key performance features are presented.

  17. Flexible storage medium for write-once optical tape

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Strandjord, Andrew J. G.; Webb, Steven P.; Perettie, Donald J.; Cipriano, Robert A.

    1993-01-01

    A write-once data storage media was developed which is suitable for optical tape applications. The media is manufactured using a continuous film process to deposit a ternary alloy of tin, bismuth, and copper. This laser sensitive layer is sputter deposited onto commercial plastic web as a single-layer thin film. A second layer is sequentially deposited on top of the alloy to enhance the media performance and act as an abrasion resistant hard overcoat. The media was observed to have laser write sensitivities of less than 2.0 njoules/bit, carrier-to-noise levels of greater than 50dB's, modulation depths of approximately 100 percent, read-margins of greater than 35, uniform grain sizes of less than 200 Angstroms, and a media lifetime that exceeds 10 years. Prototype tape media was produced for use in the CREO drive system. The active and overcoat materials are first sputter deposited onto three mil PET film in a single pass through the vacuum coating system, and then converted down into multiple reels of 35mm x 880m tape. One mil PET film was also coated in this manner and then slit and packaged into 3480 tape cartridges.

  18. Tape casting and partial melting of Bi-2212 thick films

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Buhl, D.; Lang, TH.; Heeb, B.; Gauckler, L. J.

    1995-01-01

    To produce Bi-2212 thick films with high critical current densities tape casting and partial melting is a promising fabrication method. Bi-2212 powder and organic additives were mixed into a slurry and tape casted onto glass by the doctor blade tape casting process. The films were cut from the green tape and partially molten on Ag foils during heat treatment. We obtained almost single-phase and well-textured films over the whole thickness of 20 microns. The orientation of the (a,b)-plane of the grains was parallel to the substrate with a misalignment of less than 6 deg. At 77 K/0T a critical current density of 15, 000 A/sq cm was reached in films of the dimension 1 cm x 2 cm x 20 microns (1 micron V/cm criterion, resistively measured). At 4 K/0T the highest value was 350,000 A/sq cm (1 nV/cm criterion, magnetically measured).

  19. Magnetic and Electrical Characteristics of Permalloy Thin Tape Bobbin Cores

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Schwarze, Gene E.; Wieserman, William R.; Niedra, Janis M.

    2005-01-01

    The core loss, that is, the power loss, of a soft ferromagnetic material is a function of the flux density, frequency, temperature, excitation type (voltage or current), excitation waveform (sine, square, etc.) and lamination or tape thickness. In previously published papers we have reported on the specific core loss and dynamic B-H loop results for several polycrystalline, nanocrystalline, and amorphous soft magnetic materials. In this previous research we investigated the effect of flux density, frequency, temperature, and excitation waveform for voltage excitation on the specific core loss and dynamic B-H loop. In this paper, we will report on an experimental study to investigate the effect of tape thicknesses of 1, 1/2, 1/4, and 1/8-mil Permalloy type magnetic materials on the specific core loss. The test cores were fabricated by winding the thin tapes on ceramic bobbin cores. The specific core loss tests were conducted at room temperature and over the frequency range of 10 kHz to 750 kHz using sine wave voltage excitation. The results of this experimental investigation will be presented primarily in graphical form to show the effect of tape thickness, frequency, and magnetic flux density on the specific core loss. Also, the experimental results when applied to power transformer design will be briefly discussed.

  20. Interfacing the Videocassette Tape with the Apple II Microcomputer.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Day, Harlan R.

    An economics learning package which utilized a videocassette recorder (VCR) and an Apple II computer was successfully developed and field tested. The videocassette tape material used in the project was a lesson--"To Buy or Not To Buy"--from "Trade-Offs," a series of economics films for 9- to 13-year-olds. All programming was done using the…

  1. Experiences and challenges running CERN's high capacity tape archive

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cancio, Germán; Bahyl, Vladimír; Kruse, Daniele Francesco; Leduc, Julien; Cano, Eric; Murray, Steven

    2015-12-01

    CERN's tape-based archive system has collected over 70 Petabytes of data during the first run of the LHC. The Long Shutdown is being used for migrating the complete 100 Petabytes data archive to higher-density tape media. During LHC Run 2, the archive will have to cope with yearly growth rates of up to 40-50 Petabytes. In this contribution, we describe the scalable setup for coping with the storage and long-term archival of such massive data amounts. We also review the challenges resulting and mechanisms devised for measuring and enhancing availability and reliability, as well as ensuring the long-term integrity and bit-level preservation of the complete data repository. The procedures and tools for the proactive and efficient operation of the tape infrastructure are described, including the features developed for automated problem detection, identification and notification. Finally, we present an outlook in terms of future capacity requirements growth and how it matches the expected tape technology evolution.

  2. Video Tape Inservice Program on Teaching Second Languages. Instructor's Manual.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Knop, Constance K.

    The inservice program for which this is the teacher's guide consists of a series of video cassette tapes illustrating various methods that have proven successful in teaching foreign languages and English as a second language (ESL). Although the program is intended for teachers of Indochinese refugee children, it is applicable to a wide variety of…

  3. The Taped Monologue as Narrative Technique for Reflective Practice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ford, Keith

    2016-01-01

    In this article, I describe how an EFL teacher engaged in a process of reflective practice. As she looked back on her teaching career, she explored the critical incidents, principles, and practices that have informed her present teaching identity. I focus on how a taped monologue narrative technique was used, and on the rationale, practice, and…

  4. Contact Analog/Compressed Symbology Heading Tape Assessment

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Shively, R. Jay; Atencio, Adolph; Turpin, Terry; Dowell, Susan

    2002-01-01

    A simulation assessed the performance, handling qualities and workload associated with a contact-analog, world-referenced heading tape as implemented on the Comanche Helmet Integrated Display Sight System (HIDSS) when compared with a screen-fixed, compressed heading tape. Six pilots, four active duty Army Aviators and two civilians flew three ADS-33 maneuvers and a traffic pattern in the Ames Vertical Motion Simulation facility. Small, but statistically significant advantages were found for the compressed symbology for handling qualities, workload, and some of the performance measures. It should be noted however that the level of performance and handling qualities for both symbology sets fell within the acceptable tolerance levels. Both symbology sets yield satisfactory handling qualities and performance in velocity stabilization mode and adequate handling qualities in the automatic flight control mode. Pilot comments about the contact analog symbology highlighted the lack of useful rate of change information in the heading tape and "blurring" due to the rapid movement of the heading tape. These issues warrant further study. Care must be taken in interpreting the operational significance of these results. The symbology sets yielded categorically similar data, i.e., acceptable handling qualities and adequate performance, so while the results point to the need for further study, their operational significance has yet to be determined.

  5. 75 FR 8114 - Pressure Sensitive Plastic Tape From Italy

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-23

    ..., 2009, the Commission established a schedule for the conduct of the review (74 FR 43155, August 26, 2009... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION Pressure Sensitive Plastic Tape From Italy AGENCY: United States International Trade...

  6. STS 110 Mission Highlights Resource Tape. Part 2 of 4

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2002-01-01

    A continuation of 'STS 110 Mission Highlights Resource Tape'. This video, Part 2 of 4, shows footage from flight days 3 through 5 of STS-110. The flight crew includes Michael J. Bloomfield, Commander; Stephen N. Frick, Pilot; Jerry L. Ross, Mission Specialist; Steven L. Smith, Mission Specialist; Ellen Ochoa, Mission Specialist; Lee M.E. Morin, Mission Specialist; Rex J. Walheim, Mission Specialist. The coverage from flight day 3 includes docking replays of Atlantis and the International Space Station (ISS), and postdocking procedures, as well as intermingling of the flight crew with the Expedition 4 crew (Yury I. Onufrienko, Commander; Daniel W. Bursch, Flight Engineer; Carl E. Walz, Flight Engineer) of the ISS. Flight day 4 includes an EVA (extravehicular activity) in which Walheim and Smith lift the S0 Truss from the payload bay, and temporarily clamp it onto the Destiny laboratory. On flight day 5 a suite of spaceborne experiments (not shown) arrives at Destiny, including protein crystal growth and wheat plant growth experiments. Notable footage includes Hawaii, New Zealand, and sunrise on Atlantis. An unknown object steaks across the field of view during the video, with the Earth in the background. The activities of the other flight days can be seen on 'STS 110 Mission Highlights Resource Tape, Part 1 of 4' (internal ID 2002137575), 'STS 110 Mission Highlights Resource Tape, Part 3 of 4' (internal ID 2002137574), and 'STS 110 Mission Highlights Resource Tape, Part 4 of 4' (internal ID 2002137517).

  7. Magnetic tape recovery and rerecording of data (invited)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kalthoff, C. H.; Bradshaw, R. L.; Bartkus, E. A.; Finkelstein, B. I.

    1987-04-01

    Degraded magnetic tapes and data were recovered from damaged reels through a series of chemical, mechanical, and rerecording processes. This paper describes the procedures used on three reels recovered from the space shuttle Challenger after being immersed in the ocean for six weeks.

  8. Tape casting and partial melting of Bi-2212 thick films

    SciTech Connect

    Buhl, D.; Lang, T.; Heeb, B.

    1994-12-31

    To produce Bi-2212 thick films with high critical current densities tape casting and partial melting is a promising fabrication method. Bi-2212 powder and organic additives were mixed into a slurry and tape casted onto glass by the doctor blade tape casting process. The films were cut from the green tape and partially molten on Ag foils during heat treatment. We obtained almost single-phase and well-textured films over the whole thickness of 20 {mu}m. The orientation of the (a,b)-plane of the grains were parallel to the substrate with a misalignment of less than 6{degrees}. At 77K/OT a critical current density of 15`000 A/cm{sup 2} was reached in films of the dimension 1cm x 2cm x 20{mu}m (1{mu}V/cm criterion, resistively measured). At 4K/OT the highest value was 350`000 A/cm{sup 2} (1nV/cm criterion, magnetically measured).

  9. Corrosion of metal particle and metal evaporated tapes

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Speliotis, Dennis E.

    1991-01-01

    Very high coercivity metal particle (MP) and metal evaporated (ME) tapes are being used in 8mm video and digital audio tape applications, and more recently in digital data recording applications. In view of the inherent susceptibility of such media to environmental corrosion, a number of recent studies have addressed their long term stability and archivability. These studies have used an accelerated corrosion test based either on elevated temperature-humidity or polluting gas atmospheres known as Battelle tests. A comparison of the Battelle test results performed at different laboratories reveals a large variation from one location to another, presumably due to incorrect replication of the Battelle condition. Furthermore, when the Battelle tests are performed on enclosed cartridges, it is quite possible that diffusion limits the penetration of the extremely low concentration polluting gaseous species to the inner layers of the tapes during the short time of the accelerated test, whereas in real life these diffusion limitations may not apply. To avoid this uncertainty, the corrosion behavior of commercial 8mm MP and ME tapes when cassettes without their external plastic cases were exposed to 50 deg C and 80 percent RH for 7.5 weeks is investigated.

  10. Processor for high-density digital tape-recorded signals

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ashlock, J. C.

    1973-01-01

    Linear filter and detection theory can bear on problem of reconstructing recorded bit stream. Problem can be taken from realm of nonlinear problems even though basic record process is still recognized as highly nonlinear. Digital tape recorder can be modeled as particular type of linear communication channel with intersymbol interference.

  11. Educators Guide to Free Tapes, Scripts, and Transcriptions. Eighteenth Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wittich, Walter A., Ed.; And Others

    This compendium lists 442 tapes, scripts, and transcriptions which are available free of cost to schools and libraries. Of these titles, 259 are new this year. Forty-one of the titles may be kept permanently by the user. Cassettes and videotapes are included in this edition for the first time. The items are listed by topics; accident prevention…

  12. Kinematics of ankle taping after a training session.

    PubMed

    Meana, M; Alegre, L M; Elvira, J L L; Aguado, X

    2008-01-01

    This study aimed to test the effectiveness of ankle taping on the limitation of forced supination during a change of direction, as well as the losses of effectiveness after a 30-minute training session. Fifteen young men with no ankle injury volunteered for the study. The static and dynamic ranges of movement (ROM) were measured before and after a training session. The dynamic measurements were recorded using high-speed 3D photogrammetry. The differences between static and dynamic measures of ankle supination and plantar flexion were significant. The losses of effectiveness during supination and ankle plantar flexion restriction were 42.3 % and 47.6 %, respectively. Ankle taping was effective in restricting the maximal static ROMs before a training session, but the effectiveness decreased after 30 min of training. The present study shows the necessity of performing dynamic ROM analysis of sports techniques involved in the ankle sprain mechanism in order to determine the degree of tape restriction after a training session, because there were differences between static and dynamic ankle ROMs. The lack of effects on the restriction of the dynamic plantar flexion would bring into question the necessity of ankle taping in subjects without previous injuries. PMID:17614032

  13. 48 CFR 908.7116 - Electronic data processing tape.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... in accordance with FPMR 41 CFR 101-26.508. (b) Acquisitions of electronic data processing tape by authorized contractors shall be in accordance with FPMR 41 CFR 101-26.508-1. However, if adequate... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Electronic data...

  14. Extendable nickel complex tapes that reach NIR absorptions.

    PubMed

    Audi, Hassib; Chen, Zhongrui; Charaf-Eddin, Azzam; D'Aléo, Anthony; Canard, Gabriel; Jacquemin, Denis; Siri, Olivier

    2014-12-14

    Stepwise synthesis of linear nickel complex oligomer tapes with no need for solid-phase support has been achieved. The control of the length in flat arrays allows a fine-tuning of the absorption properties from the UV to the NIR region. PMID:25348258

  15. STS-99 Mission Highlights Resource Tape, Part 2 of 2

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2000-01-01

    A continuation of 'STS-99 Mission Highlights Resource Tape, Part 1 of 2', footage shows the activities of flight days 11 and 12. The retraction of the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) is seen, and the landing of Endeavour is seen from several vantage points.

  16. 21 CFR 870.2800 - Medical magnetic tape recorder.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Medical magnetic tape recorder. 870.2800 Section 870.2800 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES CARDIOVASCULAR DEVICES Cardiovascular Monitoring Devices § 870.2800...

  17. Testing of an HTS Power Cable Made from YBCO Tapes

    SciTech Connect

    Gouge, Michael J; Duckworth, Robert C; Demko, Jonathan A; Rey, Christopher M; Lindsay, David T; Roden, Mark L; Tolbert, Jerry Carlton

    2007-01-01

    Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) has designed, built, and tested a 1.25-m-long, prototype high temperature superconducting (HTS) power cable made from second-generation YBa2Cu3Ox (YBCO)-coated conductor tapes. Electrical tests of this cable were performed in liquid nitrogen at 77 K. DC testing of the HTS cable included determination of the V-I curve with a critical current of about 2100 A, which was consistent with the critical currents of the two layers of 4.4-mm wide YBCO tapes. AC testing of the cable was conducted at currents up to about 1500 Arms. The ac losses were determined calorimetrically by measuring the response of a calibrated temperature sensor placed on the former and electrically by use of a Rogowski coil with a lock-in amplifier. Over-current testing was conducted at peak current values up to 4.9 kA for pulse lengths of 0.3-0.5 s. Test results are compared to earlier data from a 1.25-m-long power cable made from 1-cm-wide YBCO tapes and also comparable BSCCO cables. This commercial-grade HTS cable demonstrated the feasibility of second-generation YBCO tapes in an ac cable application.

  18. 21 CFR 870.2800 - Medical magnetic tape recorder.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Medical magnetic tape recorder. 870.2800 Section 870.2800 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES CARDIOVASCULAR DEVICES Cardiovascular Monitoring Devices § 870.2800...

  19. 21 CFR 870.2800 - Medical magnetic tape recorder.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Medical magnetic tape recorder. 870.2800 Section 870.2800 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES CARDIOVASCULAR DEVICES Cardiovascular Monitoring Devices § 870.2800...

  20. Influence of technology on magnetic tape storage device characteristics

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gniewek, John J.; Vogel, Stephen M.

    1994-01-01

    There are available today many data storage devices that serve the diverse application requirements of the consumer, professional entertainment, and computer data processing industries. Storage technologies include semiconductors, several varieties of optical disk, optical tape, magnetic disk, and many varieties of magnetic tape. In some cases, devices are developed with specific characteristics to meet specification requirements. In other cases, an existing storage device is modified and adapted to a different application. For magnetic tape storage devices, examples of the former case are 3480/3490 and QIC device types developed for the high end and low end segments of the data processing industry respectively, VHS, Beta, and 8 mm formats developed for consumer video applications, and D-1, D-2, D-3 formats developed for professional video applications. Examples of modified and adapted devices include 4 mm, 8 mm, 12.7 mm and 19 mm computer data storage devices derived from consumer and professional audio and video applications. With the conversion of the consumer and professional entertainment industries from analog to digital storage and signal processing, there have been increasing references to the 'convergence' of the computer data processing and entertainment industry technologies. There has yet to be seen, however, any evidence of convergence of data storage device types. There are several reasons for this. The diversity of application requirements results in varying degrees of importance for each of the tape storage characteristics.

  1. Apparatus and method for loading and unloading multiple digital tape cassettes utilizing a removable magazine

    DOEpatents

    Lindenmeyer, Carl W.

    1993-01-01

    An apparatus and method to automate the handling of multiple digital tape cassettes for processing by commercially available cassette tape readers and recorders. A removable magazine rack stores a plurality of tape cassettes, and cooperates with a shuttle device that automatically inserts and removes cassettes from the magazine to the reader and vice-versa. Photocells are used to identify and index to the desired tape cassette. The apparatus allows digital information stored on multiple cassettes to be processed without significant operator intervention.

  2. Playback Station #2 for Cal Net and 5-day-recorder tapes

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Eaton, Jerry P.

    1978-01-01

    A second system (Playback Station #2) has been set up to play back Cal Net 1" tapes and 5-day-recorder 1/2" tapes. As with the first playback system (Playback Station #1) the tapes are played back on a Bell and Howell VR3700B tape deck and the records are written out on a 16-channel direct-writing Siemens "0scillomink." Separate reproduce heads, tape guides, and tape tension sensor rollers are required for playing back 111 tapes and 1/2" tapes, but changing these tape deck components is a simple task that requires only a few minutes. The discriminators, patch panels, selector switches, filters, time code translators, and signal conditioning circuits for the time code translators and for the tape-speed-compensation signal are all mounted in an equipment rack that stands beside the playback tape deck. Changing playback speeds (15/16 ips or 3 3/4 ips) or changing from Cal Net tapes to 5-day-recorder tapes requires only flipping a few switches and/or changing a few patch cables on the patch panel (in addition to changing the reproduce heads, etc., to change from 1" tape to 1/2" tape). For the Cal Net tapes, the system provides for playback of 9 data channels (680 Hz thru 3060 Hz plus 400 Hz) and 3 time signals (IRIG-E, IRIG-C, and WWVB) at both 15/16 ips (x1 speed) and 3 3/4 ips (x4 speed). Available modes of compensation (using either a 4688 Hz reference or a 3125 Hz reference) are subtractive, capstan, capstan plus subtractive, or no compensation.

  3. User's guide to the UTIL-ODRC tape processing program. [for the Orbital Data Reduction Center

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Juba, S. M. (Principal Investigator)

    1981-01-01

    The UTIL-ODRC computer compatible tape processing program, its input/output requirements, and its interface with the EXEC 8 operating system are described. It is a multipurpose orbital data reduction center (ODRC) tape processing program enabling the user to create either exact duplicate tapes and/or tapes in SINDA/HISTRY format. Input data elements for PRAMPT/FLOPLT and/or BATCH PLOT programs, a temperature summary, and a printed summary can also be produced.

  4. Generation and physical characteristics of the Landsat 1 and 2 MSS computer compatible tapes

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Thomas, V. L.

    1975-01-01

    The generation and format is discussed of the Landsat 1 and 2 system corrected multispectral scanner computer compatible tapes. Included in the discussion are the spacecraft sensors, scene characteristics, the transmission of data, and the conversion of the data to computer compatible tapes at the NASA Data Processing Facility. Geometric and radiometric corrections, tape formats, and the physical characteristics of the tape are also described.

  5. Apparatus and method for loading and unloading multiple digital tape cassettes utilizing a removable magazine

    DOEpatents

    Lindenmeyer, C.W.

    1993-01-26

    An apparatus and method to automate the handling of multiple digital tape cassettes for processing by commercially available cassette tape readers and recorders. A removable magazine rack stores a plurality of tape cassettes, and cooperates with a shuttle device that automatically inserts and removes cassettes from the magazine to the reader and vice-versa. Photocells are used to identify and index to the desired tape cassette. The apparatus allows digital information stored on multiple cassettes to be processed without significant operator intervention.

  6. High-throughput DNA extraction of forensic adhesive tapes.

    PubMed

    Forsberg, Christina; Jansson, Linda; Ansell, Ricky; Hedman, Johannes

    2016-09-01

    Tape-lifting has since its introduction in the early 2000's become a well-established sampling method in forensic DNA analysis. Sampling is quick and straightforward while the following DNA extraction is more challenging due to the "stickiness", rigidity and size of the tape. We have developed, validated and implemented a simple and efficient direct lysis DNA extraction protocol for adhesive tapes that requires limited manual labour. The method uses Chelex beads and is applied with SceneSafe FAST tape. This direct lysis protocol provided higher mean DNA yields than PrepFiler Express BTA on Automate Express, although the differences were not significant when using clothes worn in a controlled fashion as reference material (p=0.13 and p=0.34 for T-shirts and button-down shirts, respectively). Through in-house validation we show that the method is fit-for-purpose for application in casework, as it provides high DNA yields and amplifiability, as well as good reproducibility and DNA extract stability. After implementation in casework, the proportion of extracts with DNA concentrations above 0.01ng/μL increased from 71% to 76%. Apart from providing higher DNA yields compared with the previous method, the introduction of the developed direct lysis protocol also reduced the amount of manual labour by half and doubled the potential throughput for tapes at the laboratory. Generally, simplified manual protocols can serve as a cost-effective alternative to sophisticated automation solutions when the aim is to enable high-throughput DNA extraction of complex crime scene samples. PMID:27448236

  7. Validity of the sheet demagnetising factor in characterisation of advanced metal particle tapes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cookson, R. D.; Bissell, P. R.; Kay, G. E.; Parker, D. A.

    2002-04-01

    This paper describes a model to test the validity of using the sheet demagnetising factor for advanced particulate tape magnetic measurements. The model predicts that, as the tape thickness and the volume packing fraction are reduced, the effective demagnetising factor deviates from the sheet value and, for a typical commercial advanced double coated MP tape, is in error by ˜6%.

  8. Effect of two different kinesio taping techniques on knee kinematics and kinetics in young females

    PubMed Central

    Guner, Senem; Alsancak, Serap; Koz, Mitat

    2015-01-01

    [Purpose] The application of kinesio taping may improve strength and performance, inhibit and facilitate motor activity, and increase range of motion. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of kinesio taping facilitation and inhibition applications on spatiotemporal knee kinematics and kinetics during walking activity in healthy subjects. [Subjects and Methods] A three-dimensional quantitative gait evaluation was performed without tape and with, facilitation and inhibition kinesio taping application on the knee. Sixteen healthy female college students (age, 19.7 ± 0.4 years; height, 1.64 ± 3.4 cm; body mass, 51.5 ± 4.8 kg) participated in the study. [Results] Spatiotemporal parameters (cadence, walking speed, stride length) were significantly different among the trials. Knee joint sagittal plane range of motion was not different with either kinesio taping application. Knee external flexion moment during the early stance phase decreased significantly with facilitation kinesio taping and increased with the inhibition kinesio taping. Knee external extension moment during the mid-stance phase increased with facilitation kinesio taping. Knee power parameters, eccentric activity in the rectus femoris during the pre-swing phase was significantly increased with inhibition kinesio taping application, while eccentric activity of the hamstrings during the terminal swing of gait was decreased. [Conclusion] These findings showed that facilitation kinesio taping application affected the terminal stance phase and that inhibition kinesio taping influenced the terminal swing phase compared with the no tape condition. PMID:26644651

  9. Comparison of Medical Adhesive Tapes in Patients at Risk of Facial Skin Trauma under Anesthesia

    PubMed Central

    Lie, Sui An; Chong, Shin Yuet

    2016-01-01

    Introduction. Adhesive tapes are used for taping eyelids closed and securing endotracheal tubes during general anesthesia. These tapes can cause facial skin injury. We compared the incidence of facial skin injury and patient satisfaction with different tapes used. Methods. A total of 60 adult patients at risk of skin trauma were randomized to use 3M™ Kind Removal Silicone Tape or standard acrylate tapes: 3M Durapore (endotracheal tube) and Medipore (eyelids). Patients were blinded to tape used. Postoperatively, a blinded recovery nurse assessed erythema, edema, and denudation of skin. Anesthesiologist in charge also assessed skin injury. On postoperative day 1, patients rated satisfaction with the condition of their skin over the eyelids and face on a 5-point Likert scale. Results. More patients had denudation of skin with standard tapes, 4 (13.3%) versus 0 with silicone tape (p = 0.026) and in anesthesiologist-evaluated skin injury 11 (37%) with standard versus 1 (3%) with silicone (p = 0.002). No significant differences were found in erythema and edema. Patient satisfaction score was higher with silicone tape: over eyelids: mean 3.83 (standard) versus 4.53 (silicone), Mann-Whitney U test, p < 0.001; over face: mean 3.87 (standard) versus 4.57 (silicone) (p < 0.001). Conclusion. Silicone tape use had less skin injury and greater patient satisfaction than standard acrylate tapes. PMID:27382368

  10. 21 CFR 880.5240 - Medical adhesive tape and adhesive bandage.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Medical adhesive tape and adhesive bandage. 880... Personal Use Therapeutic Devices § 880.5240 Medical adhesive tape and adhesive bandage. (a) Identification. A medical adhesive tape or adhesive bandage is a device intended for medical purposes that...

  11. 21 CFR 880.5240 - Medical adhesive tape and adhesive bandage.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Medical adhesive tape and adhesive bandage. 880... Personal Use Therapeutic Devices § 880.5240 Medical adhesive tape and adhesive bandage. (a) Identification. A medical adhesive tape or adhesive bandage is a device intended for medical purposes that...

  12. 21 CFR 880.5240 - Medical adhesive tape and adhesive bandage.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Medical adhesive tape and adhesive bandage. 880... Personal Use Therapeutic Devices § 880.5240 Medical adhesive tape and adhesive bandage. (a) Identification. A medical adhesive tape or adhesive bandage is a device intended for medical purposes that...

  13. Effect of two different kinesio taping techniques on knee kinematics and kinetics in young females.

    PubMed

    Guner, Senem; Alsancak, Serap; Koz, Mitat

    2015-10-01

    [Purpose] The application of kinesio taping may improve strength and performance, inhibit and facilitate motor activity, and increase range of motion. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of kinesio taping facilitation and inhibition applications on spatiotemporal knee kinematics and kinetics during walking activity in healthy subjects. [Subjects and Methods] A three-dimensional quantitative gait evaluation was performed without tape and with, facilitation and inhibition kinesio taping application on the knee. Sixteen healthy female college students (age, 19.7 ± 0.4 years; height, 1.64 ± 3.4 cm; body mass, 51.5 ± 4.8 kg) participated in the study. [Results] Spatiotemporal parameters (cadence, walking speed, stride length) were significantly different among the trials. Knee joint sagittal plane range of motion was not different with either kinesio taping application. Knee external flexion moment during the early stance phase decreased significantly with facilitation kinesio taping and increased with the inhibition kinesio taping. Knee external extension moment during the mid-stance phase increased with facilitation kinesio taping. Knee power parameters, eccentric activity in the rectus femoris during the pre-swing phase was significantly increased with inhibition kinesio taping application, while eccentric activity of the hamstrings during the terminal swing of gait was decreased. [Conclusion] These findings showed that facilitation kinesio taping application affected the terminal stance phase and that inhibition kinesio taping influenced the terminal swing phase compared with the no tape condition. PMID:26644651

  14. Report of the Tape Recorder Action Plan Committee, 21 March 1972

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1972-01-01

    A NASA/AF Tape Recorder Action Plan Committee was formed in January 1972 to investigate tape recorder problems and to recommend an action plan to NASA management. The committee collected data on tape recorder failure history, pinpointed problem areas, discussed needed technical and management changes, and proposed an action plan for the recommended approaches.

  15. Back to the Basics Through Teacher-Made Tapes for Primary Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fehrle, Carl C.

    A simple step-by-step procedure for making individual tapes for primary-school children is outlined. Sample scripts of "Teaching the Letter 'A'", "The Five Little Pigs,""Ears To Hear" and "A Tongue To Taste" are included. Behavioral objectives and materials needed for each tape also are given. Pitfalls in tape construction and methods for making…

  16. The Audio-Tape Collection: A Library Manual on Sources, Processing, and Organization.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shaffer, Dale E.

    The purpose of this manual is to assist the librarian and audiovisual director in setting up an audio-tape collection. It contains information needed to initiate, organize, and develop a collection - sources and uses of taped programs, depositories, types of tape, cataloging and classification procedures, filing rules, promotion methods,…

  17. 21 CFR 880.5240 - Medical adhesive tape and adhesive bandage.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Medical adhesive tape and adhesive bandage. 880... Personal Use Therapeutic Devices § 880.5240 Medical adhesive tape and adhesive bandage. (a) Identification. A medical adhesive tape or adhesive bandage is a device intended for medical purposes that...

  18. 21 CFR 878.4730 - Surgical skin degreaser or adhesive tape solvent.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Surgical skin degreaser or adhesive tape solvent... Surgical skin degreaser or adhesive tape solvent. (a) Identification. A surgical skin degreaser or an adhesive tape solvent is a device that consists of a liquid such as...

  19. 21 CFR 880.5240 - Medical adhesive tape and adhesive bandage.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Medical adhesive tape and adhesive bandage. 880... Personal Use Therapeutic Devices § 880.5240 Medical adhesive tape and adhesive bandage. (a) Identification. A medical adhesive tape or adhesive bandage is a device intended for medical purposes that...

  20. 21 CFR 878.4730 - Surgical skin degreaser or adhesive tape solvent.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Surgical skin degreaser or adhesive tape solvent... Surgical skin degreaser or adhesive tape solvent. (a) Identification. A surgical skin degreaser or an adhesive tape solvent is a device that consists of a liquid such as...

  1. Effect of the Kinesio tape to muscle activity and vertical jump performance in healthy inactive people

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    Background Elastic taping applied on the triceps surae has been commonly used to improve the performance of lower extremities. However, little objective evidence has been documented. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of elastic taping on the triceps surae during a maximal vertical jump. It was hypothesized that elastic taping to the triceps surae would increase muscle activity and cause positive effect to jump height. Methods Thirty-one healthy adults (19 males and 12 females with mean age, body weight and height for 25.3 ± 3.8 years old, 64.1 ± 6.2 kg, and 169.4 ± 7.3 cm, respectively) were recruited. All participants performed vertical jump tests prior to (without taping) and during elastic taping. Two elastic tapes, Kinesio tape and Mplacebo tape from two different manufacturers, were applied to the participants, respectively. Results The results showed that the vertical ground reaction force increased when Kinesio tape was applied even when the height of jump remained about constant. However, the height of the jump decreased, and there was no difference on the vertical ground reaction force in Mplacebo taping group. Although the EMG activity of medial gastrocnemius tended to increase in Kinesio taping group, we did not see differences in EMG activity for the medial gastrocnemius, tibialis anterior and soleus muscles in either group. Conclusions Based on the varied effects of Kinesio tape and Mplacebo tape, different intervention technique was suggested for specific purpose during vertical jump movement. Mplacebo tape was demanded for the benefits of stabilization, protection, and the restriction of motion at the ankle joint. On the other hand, the findings may implicate benefits for medial gastrocnemius muscle strength and push-off force when using Kinesio tape. PMID:21831321

  2. High-definition tape-to-film transfer

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Helt, Francois

    1992-08-01

    With the collaboration of Thomson Broadcast Ex Machina has developed a full digital tape-to-film transfer process. This system accepts as input any European Analog or Digital formats: 1 inch B. T. S. 4xDl. . . It is based on a fully computerized image processing and is fully automated from the loading of the Dl tapes to the 35mm negative output. This process includes spatial and temporal filtering to get full scan 35 mmimage quality. As the input format is 50 fields per second (non-square pixels) and the output format is 24 frames per second (square pixels) the key point was to obtain a good spatial resolution without dynamic artefacts like excessive blur moving images or patterns at vertical edges. Steps of the process are as follows: - Digital copy on four 4:2:2 tapes as necessary - Transfer on computer network - Adaptive filtering by software - Gamma correction and output on 35mmfilm recorder. The processing speed has been improved by controlling four processes in parallel. High Definition tape to film transfer is available right now. The transfer capacity is 30 minutes per week since the end of last year. 1 - PRESENTATION OF THE PROJECT With the collaboration of THOMSON Broadcast Ex Machina has developed a fully digital High Definition tape-to-film transfer process. This sytem is designed to permit transfer on 35mm film of productions made with the European High Definition Standard. As a computer graphics production company Ex Machina has been producing sequences on various media including digital video high definition video 35 mm film and has finished recently a 3 mn film on 70 mm IMAX format. Two ongoing projects use this same standard with one having been designed for stereoscopic projection. Building on this expertise Ex Machina proposed to realize a tape to film transfer system for the European Economic Interest Grouping (EIIG) Vision 1250 in co-operation with another european organisation Eureka 95. For the development of such a system the company

  3. The effects of ankle joint taping on gait and balance ability of healthy adults

    PubMed Central

    Kim, Myoung-Kwon; Cha, Hyun-Gyu

    2015-01-01

    [Purpose] This study examined the effects of the application of elastic taping over the ankle joints of healthy subjects on their gait, balance ability, and muscle strength. [Subjects] Fifty healthy subjects with no orthopedic history of the ankle joint were selected and elastic taping was applied to their ankle joints. [Methods] Before and after application of the elastic taping, gait and balance ability of the subjects were evaluated. [Results] After the taping application, gait velocity significantly increased and there were significant differences in all variables of balance ability. [Conclusion] Application of elastic taping aimed at improving stability of the ankle joint had a positive effect on gait speed and balance ability. PMID:26504323

  4. Segmented superconducting tape having reduced AC losses and method of making

    DOEpatents

    Foltyn, Stephen R.; Jia, Quanxi; Arendt, Paul N.; Holesinger, Terry G.; Wang, Haiyan

    2009-09-22

    A superconducting tape having reduced AC losses. The tape has a high temperature superconductor layer that is segmented. Disruptive strips, formed in one of the tape substrate, a buffer layer, and the superconducting layer create parallel discontinuities in the superconducting layer that separate the current-carrying elements of the superconducting layer into strips or filament-like structures. Segmentation of the current-carrying elements has the effect of reducing AC current losses. Methods of making such a superconducting tape and reducing AC losses in such tapes are also disclosed.

  5. The effects of trunk kinesio taping on balance ability and gait function in stroke patients

    PubMed Central

    Lee, Yang Jin; Kim, Ji Young; Kim, Seong Yoel; Kim, Kyung Hoon

    2016-01-01

    [Purpose] Kinesio taping is a therapeutic method used in the treatment of various musculoskeletal and neuromuscular deficits, but there is limited evidence of the effects of trunk kinesio taping in neurologic patients. Therefore, this study aimed to determine the effects of trunk kinesio taping on balance ability and gait function in persons after a stroke. [Subjects and Methods] Twenty-five post-stroke patients were included in this study. Kinesio tape was applied to four trunk muscles. Before and after the taping, in all subjects, the balance ability was measured using the Wii Balance Board, and gait function was assessed using the GAITRite system. [Results] The difference in gait function before and after trunk taping was not statistically significant. However, a variability of balance ability showed statistically significant differences. [Conclusion] These results suggest that taping may be a helpful method during rehabilitation programs for stroke patients. Its application to the trunk muscles is especially useful for improving balance ability.

  6. Nimbus-7 ERB Solar Analysis Tape (ESAT) user's guide

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Major, Eugene; Hickey, John R.; Kyle, H. Lee; Alton, Bradley M.; Vallette, Brenda J.

    1988-11-01

    Seven years and five months of Nimbus-7 Earth Radiation Budget (ERB) solar data are available on a single ERB Solar Analysis Tape (ESAT). The period covered is November 16, 1978 through March 31, 1986. The Nimbus-7 satellite performs approximately 14 orbits per day and the ERB solar telescope observes the sun once per orbit as the satellite crosses the southern terminator. The solar data were carefully calibrated and screened. Orbital and daily mean values are given for the total solar irradiance plus other spectral intervals (10 solar channels in all). In addition, selected solar activity indicators are included on the ESAT. The ESAT User's Guide is an update of the previous ESAT User's Guide (NASA TM 86143) and includes more detailed information on the solar data calibration, screening procedures, updated solar data plots, and applications to solar variability. Details of the tape format, including source code to access ESAT, are included.

  7. Adaptive periodic error correction for Heidenhain tape encoders

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Warner, Michael; Krabbendam, Victor; Schumacher, German

    2008-07-01

    Heidenhain position tape encoders are in use on almost all modern telescopes with excellent results. Performance of these systems can be limited by minor mechanical misalignments between the tape and read head causing errors at the grating period. The first and second harmonics of the measured signal are the dominant errors, and have a varying frequency dependant on axis rate. When the error spectrum is within the mount servo bandwidth it results in periodic telescope pointing jitter. This paper will describe an adaptive error correction using elliptic interpolation of the raw signals, based on the well known compensation technique developed by Heydemann [1]. The approach allows the compensation to track in real time with no need of a large static look-up table, or frequent calibrations. This paper also presents the results obtained after applying this approach on data measured on the SOAR telescope.

  8. Process of Making Boron-Fiber Reinforced Composite Tape

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Belvin, Harry L. (Inventor); Cano, Roberto J. (Inventor); Johnston, Norman J. (Inventor); Marchello, Joseph M. (Inventor)

    2002-01-01

    The invention is an apparatus and method for producing a hybrid boron reinforced polymer matrix composition from powder pre-impregnated fiber tow bundles and a linear array of boron fibers. The boron fibers are applied onto the powder pre-impregnated fiber tow bundles and then are processed within a processing component having an impregnation bar assembly. After passing through variable-dimension forming nip-rollers, the powder pre-impregnated fiber tow bundles with the boron fibers become a hybrid boron reinforced polymer matrix composite tape. A driving mechanism pulls the powder pre-impregnated fiber tow bundles with boron fibers through the processing line of the apparatus and a take-up spool collects the formed hybrid boron-fiber reinforced polymer matrix composite tape.

  9. An Improvement in Thermal Modelling of Automated Tape Placement Process

    SciTech Connect

    Barasinski, Anaies; Leygue, Adrien; Poitou, Arnaud; Soccard, Eric

    2011-01-17

    The thermoplastic tape placement process offers the possibility of manufacturing large laminated composite parts with all kinds of geometries (double curved i.e.). This process is based on the fusion bonding of a thermoplastic tape on a substrate. It has received a growing interest during last years because of its non autoclave abilities.In order to control and optimize the quality of the manufactured part, we need to predict the temperature field throughout the processing of the laminate. In this work, we focus on a thermal modeling of this process which takes in account the imperfect bonding existing between the different layers of the substrate by introducing thermal contact resistance in the model. This study is leaning on experimental results which inform us that the value of the thermal resistance evolves with temperature and pressure applied on the material.

  10. Analysis and discrimination of electrical tapes: part II. Backings.

    PubMed

    Mehltretter, Andria H; Bradley, Maureen J; Wright, Diana M

    2011-11-01

    The backings of 90 black electrical tapes were analyzed to evaluate the chemical components of these films, the ability of individual techniques to discriminate samples, and the ability of the techniques combined to distinguish samples. The techniques utilized and their respective discrimination results were stereomicroscopy and physical measurements, to include observation of surface features of the backing, width, and thickness measurements (c. 64%); Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) using a microscope accessory (c. 83%); pyrolysis-gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (Py-GC/MS; c. 81%); and scanning electron microscopy/energy-dispersive spectroscopy (SEM/EDS; c. 87%). Ninety-four percent of the backings were discriminated through this combination of analytical methods. Finally, evaluating these results in conjunction with previously published data on the analysis of the adhesives from the same set of electrical tapes provided an overall discrimination of nearly 96%. PMID:21883209

  11. An Improvement in Thermal Modelling of Automated Tape Placement Process

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Barasinski, Anaïs; Leygue, Adrien; Soccard, Eric; Poitou, Arnaud

    2011-01-01

    The thermoplastic tape placement process offers the possibility of manufacturing large laminated composite parts with all kinds of geometries (double curved i.e.). This process is based on the fusion bonding of a thermoplastic tape on a substrate. It has received a growing interest during last years because of its non autoclave abilities. In order to control and optimize the quality of the manufactured part, we need to predict the temperature field throughout the processing of the laminate. In this work, we focus on a thermal modeling of this process which takes in account the imperfect bonding existing between the different layers of the substrate by introducing thermal contact resistance in the model. This study is leaning on experimental results which inform us that the value of the thermal resistance evolves with temperature and pressure applied on the material.

  12. TM digital image products for applications. [computer compatible tapes

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Barker, J. L.; Gunther, F. J.; Abrams, R. B.; Ball, D.

    1984-01-01

    The image characteristics of digital data generated by LANDSAT 4 thematic mapper (TM) are discussed. Digital data from the TM resides in tape files at various stages of image processing. Within each image data file, the image lines are blocked by a factor of either 5 for a computer compatible tape CCT-BT, or 4 for a CCT-AT and CCT-PT; in each format, the image file has a different format. Nominal geometric corrections which provide proper geodetic relationships between different parts of the image are available only for the CCT-PT. It is concluded that detector 3 of band 5 on the TM does not respond; this channel of data needs replacement. The empty bin phenomenon in CCT-AT images results from integer truncations of mixed-mode arithmetric operations.

  13. STS-103 Mission Highlights Resource Tape (2 of 2)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2000-01-01

    The STS-103 flight crew, Commander Curtis L. Brown, Pilot Scott J. Kelly, Mission Specialists Steven L. Smith, C. Michael Foale, John M. Grunsfeld, Claude Nicollier, and Jean-Francois Clervoy, are seen passing over the Yucatan and Florida Peninsulas. Smith and Grunsfeld replace and change the S-band single transmission cables during the third and final space walk of this mission. Crewmembers are also seen taking video documentation of the solar arrays. Footage presented includes the release of the Hubble Space Telescope, thruster firing and orbit adjust burn over the Central Indian Ocean and Australia. Also shown is the night landing of Discovery at Kennedy Space Center, crew departure from the vehicle, and short statements made by the crew. This is tape 2 of 2; tape 1 has a report number of NONP-NASA-VT-2000036030.

  14. Development of an alternating flat to tubular Kevlar parachute tape

    SciTech Connect

    Ericksen, R.H.; Koch, R.

    1989-01-01

    An alternating flat to tubular Kevlar tape was developed to replace braided suspension lines and woven tape radials on the new crew escape module parachute system for the F-111 aircraft. Weaves were developed which had high strength efficiency and low weight throughout the flat, tubular, and transition sections. A tubular section strength of 535 lbs at a weight of 0.044 oz/yd was achieved. This reduces suspension line weight by 8% compared with that of the most efficient braid which has a strength of 470 lbs and weighs 0.048 oz/yd. Length measuring procedures for production control and inspection were developed. Using these procedures it was possible to produce alternating weave fabric with less than 1% variation in length in the tubular sections. 3 refs., 4 figs., 3 tabs.

  15. Nimbus-7 ERB Solar Analysis Tape (ESAT) user's guide

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Major, Eugene; Hickey, John R.; Kyle, H. Lee; Alton, Bradley M.; Vallette, Brenda J.

    1988-01-01

    Seven years and five months of Nimbus-7 Earth Radiation Budget (ERB) solar data are available on a single ERB Solar Analysis Tape (ESAT). The period covered is November 16, 1978 through March 31, 1986. The Nimbus-7 satellite performs approximately 14 orbits per day and the ERB solar telescope observes the sun once per orbit as the satellite crosses the southern terminator. The solar data were carefully calibrated and screened. Orbital and daily mean values are given for the total solar irradiance plus other spectral intervals (10 solar channels in all). In addition, selected solar activity indicators are included on the ESAT. The ESAT User's Guide is an update of the previous ESAT User's Guide (NASA TM 86143) and includes more detailed information on the solar data calibration, screening procedures, updated solar data plots, and applications to solar variability. Details of the tape format, including source code to access ESAT, are included.

  16. Using cellophane tape to experience interference birefringent filters

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Puerto, D.; Velásquez, P.; Sánchez-López, M. M.; Moreno, I.; Mateos, F.

    2005-10-01

    In this work we propose and demonstrate a very simple method to fabricate interference multilayer birefringent filters. We employ the birefringence properties of common cellophane. Cellophane tape layers can be very easily superimposed with different orientations in order to generate different spectral responses. We experimentally demonstrate this behaviour with the aid of a portable spectrophotometer. This technique represents a simple and inexpensive way of experimentally investigating the optical properties of birefringent filters.

  17. Tape cast bioactive metal-ceramic laminates for structural application

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Clupper, Daniel Christopher

    Bioglass 45S5, is a silica based glass which is able to rapidly form strong bonds with bone and soft tissue in vivo. It is used clinically to replace damaged ear ossicles and in dental surgery to help maintain the structural integrity of the jaw bone. The goal of the research was to demonstrate that Bioglass can be toughened by lamination with metallic layers while maintaining bioactivity. Improvement of the mechanical properties of Bioglass 45SS would allow for additional clinical applications, such as fracture fixation plates, or vertebral spacers. Bioglass 45S5 was tape cast and laminated with clinically relevant metals (316L, stainless steel and titanium) as well as copper in an effort to demonstrate that the effective toughness, or area under the load-deflection diagram can be increased significantly through ductile layer lamination. The average strength of monolithic tape cast sintered Bioglass was as high as 150 MPa and the toughness measured approximately 1.0 MPa m1/2. Copper-Bioglass laminates clearly demonstrated the toughening effect of metal layers on tape cast sintered Bioglass 45S5. Steel-Bioglass laminates, although less tough than the copper-Bioglass laminates, showed higher strengths. In vitro bioactivity tests of both titanium and steel Bioglass laminates showed the formation of mature and thick hydroxyapatite layers after 24 hours in Tris buffer solution. Under the standard test conditions, the bioactivity of monolithic tape cast sintered Bioglass increased with increasing sintering temperature. For samples sintered at 1000°C, thick crystalline layers of hydroxyapatite formed within 24 hours in Tris buffer solution. The bioactivity of these samples approached that of amorphous bulk Bioglass. Samples processed at 800°C were able to form thick crystalline hydroxyapatite layer after 24 hours when the test solution volume was increased by eight times.

  18. STS 110 Mission Highlights Resource Tape. Part 4 of 4

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2002-01-01

    A continuation of 'STS 110 Mission Highlights Resource Tape'. This video, Part 4 of 4, shows footage from flight days 10 through 12 of STS-110. The spacecrew includes Michael J. Bloomfield, Commander; Stephen N. Frick, Pilot; Jerry L. Ross, Mission Specialist; Steven L. Smith, Mission Specialist; Ellen Ochoa, Mission Specialist; Lee M.E. Morin, Mission Specialist; Rex J. Walheim, Mission Specialist. Flight day 10 includes an exchange of farewells with the Expedition 4 crew (Yury I. Onufrienko, Commander; Daniel W. Bursch, Flight Engineer; Carl E. Walz, Flight Engineer) of the International Space Station (ISS), and undocking. The video includes many views of the ISS as Atlantis departs, including cloud cover and the Earth's limb as backgrounds. There is also a view of Atlantis with its payload bay open. On flight day 11, in preparation for landing, the crew conducts a checkout of flight controls and a test firing. A spaceborne wheat plant experiment onboard the ISS is briefly shown. Flight day 12 includes closing the payload bay, suit-up, and landing. Kennedy Space Center is seen from the air, and the video shows landing replays, as well as a heads-up display view of the landing. Earth views include clear views of Western Sahara, Morocco, Mauritania, and Algeria, with the Atlantic Ocean, a cloud obstructed view of Newfoundland and the Atlantic, Pacific Ocean sun glint, and an excellent view of the Chicago area and Lake Michigan at night. The activities from other flights days can be seen on "STS 110 Mission Highlights Resource Tape" Part 1 of 4 (internal ID 2002137575), "STS 110 Mission Highlights Resource Tape" Part 2 of 4 (internal ID 2002137573), and "STS 110 Mission Highlights Resource Tape" Part 3 of 4 (internal ID 2002137574).

  19. What would be conserved if "the tape were played twice"?

    PubMed Central

    Fontana, W; Buss, L W

    1994-01-01

    We develop an abstract chemistry, implemented in a lambda-calculus-based modeling platform, and argue that the following features are generic to this particular abstraction of chemistry; hence, they would be expected to reappear if "the tape were run twice": (i) hypercycles of self-reproducing objects arise; (ii) if self-replication is inhibited, self-maintaining organizations arise; and (iii) self-maintaining organizations, once established, can combine into higher-order self-maintaining organizations. PMID:8290596

  20. STS 110 Mission Highlights Resource Tape. Part 3 of 4

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2002-01-01

    A continuation of 'STS 110 Mission Highlights Resource Tape'. This video, Part 3 of 4, shows footage from flight days 6 through 9 of STS-110. The spacecrew includes Michael J. Bloomfield, Commander Stephen N. Frick, Pilot; Jerry L. Ross, Mission Specialist; Steven L. Smith, Mission Specialist; Ellen Ochoa, Mission Specialist; Lee M.E. Morin, Mission Specialist; Rex J. Walheim, Mission Specialist. On flight day 6, Ross and Morin conduct an EVA (extravehicular activity) to secure a tripod like strut to the S0 Truss of the International Space Station (ISS). They also move the drag link and keel pins from one face of the Truss to the other to free the rail on the truss for a railcar to move. Smith installs a camera onto the CANADARM robotic arm on flight day 7, and on flight day 8 the restraints are removed from the railcar connected to the S0 Truss in preparation for checkout. The checkout of the railcar is shown, including its inaugural run. Ross and Morin conduct another EVA on flight day 9 to complete the outfitting of the S0 Truss Structure. Notable footage includes views of Ross and Morin at work from the helmet-mounted camera on Ross' EVA suit, including close-ups of the pistol grip tool, CANADARM 2 onboard the ISS lit at sunrise, a 'diamond ring' effect formed by the Sun between the Earth's limb and the ISS, a brief shot of the Yucatan peninsula, and a end-to-end pan down the length of the ISS. The activities from other flights days can be seen on "STS 110 Mission Highlights Resource Tape" Part 1 of 4 (internal ID 2002137575), "STS 110 Mission Highlights Resource Tape" Part 2 of 4 (internal ID 2002137573), and "STS 110 Mission Highlights Resource Tape" Part 4 of 4 (internal ID 2002137517).

  1. Forensic utility of carbon isotope ratio variations in PVC tape backings.

    PubMed

    Dietz, Marianne E; Stern, Libby A; Mehltretter, Andria Hobbs; Parish, Ashley; McLasky, Velvet; Aranda, Roman

    2012-03-01

    Forensic interest in adhesive tapes with polyvinyl chloride (PVC) backings (electrical tape) derives from their use in a variety of illicit activities. Due to the range of physical characteristics, chemical compositions, and homogeneity within a single roll of tape, traditional microscopic and chemical analyses can offer a high degree of discrimination between tapes, permitting the assessment of potential associations between evidentiary tape samples. The carbon isotope ratios of tapes could provide additional discrimination among tape samples. To evaluate whether carbon isotope ratios may be able to increase discrimination of electrical tapes, particularly with regards to different rolls of tape of the same product, we assessed the δ(13)C values of backings from 87 rolls of PVC-based black electrical tape (~20 brands, >60 products) Prior to analysis, adhesives were removed to prevent contamination by adhering debris, and plasticizers were extracted because of concern over their potential mobility. This result is consistent with each of these tapes having approximately the same plasticizer δ(13)C value and proportion of carbon in these plasticizers. The δ(13)C values of the 87 PVC tape backings ranged between -23.5 and -41.3 (‰, V-PDB), with negligible carbon isotopic variation within single rolls of tape, yet large variations among tape brands and tape products. Within this tape population, carbon isotope ratios permitted an average exclusion power of 93.7%, using a window of +/-0.3‰; the combination of carbon isotope ratio measurement with additional chemical and physical analyses raises the discrimination power to over 98.9%, with only 41 out of a possible 3741 pairs of tape samples being indistinguishable. There was a linear relationship between the δ(13)C value of tape backings and the change in δ(13)C value with the extraction of plasticizers. Analyses of pre- and post-blast tape sample pairs show that carbon isotope signatures are within 0.3‰ of

  2. Thermomechanical Analysis of Shape-Memory Composite Tape Spring

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yang, H.; Wang, L. Y.

    2013-06-01

    Intelligent materials and structures have been extensively applied for satellite designs in order to minimize the mass and reduce the cost in the launch of the spacecraft. Elastic memory composites (EMCs) have the ability of high-strain packaging and shape-memory effect, but increase the parts and total weight due to the additional heating system. Shape-memory sandwich structures Li and Wang (J. Intell. Mater. Syst. Struct. 22(14), 1605-1612, 2011) can overcome such disadvantage by using the metal skin acting as the heating element. However, the high strain in the micro-buckled metal skin decreases the deployment efficiency. This paper aims to present an insight into the folding and deployment behaviors of shape-memory composite (SMC) tape springs. A thermomechanical process was analyzed, including the packaging deformation at an elevated temperature, shape frozen at the low temperature and shape recovery after reheating. The result shows that SMC tape springs can significantly decrease the strain concentration in the metal skin, as well as exhibiting excellent shape frozen and recovery behaviors. Additionally, possible failure modes of SMC tape springs were also analyzed.

  3. Solventless, radiation-cured acrylate formulations for magnetic tape manufacturer

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Huh, Jin Young

    Significant progress was made toward identifying a binder materials package that would enable a solventless magnetic tape manufacturing process that would eliminate the possibility of air pollution. Mixtures of commercial acrylate monomers and acrylate-terminated urethane oligomers gave electron beam cured films with good tensile properties. The binder polymers suffered no significant decrease in tensile strength after accelerated aging at 60°C and 90% relative humidity. Commercial magnetic particles were treated with silane coupling agents, which enabled the preparation of dispersions with rheological properties that approach those of conventional solvent-based formulations. A methacylate functionalized silane coupling agent provided the best rheological properties. Branched silane coupling agents provided steric barriers against magnetic attraction forces between particles. Magnetic particles acted as reinforcing fillers in a magnetic tape. Silane treated particles provided 20--30% increase in tensile strength and Young's modulus over untreated particles. UV could cure the magnetic tape containing 70 wt% particles. This was done with the help of silane coupling agents which acted as dispersion stabilizing agents.

  4. Hazardous-Waste Data Management System extract tape. Data file

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1991-03-15

    The file contains data compiled for the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act, using the Hazardous Waste Data Management System (HWDMS) database. Notification of Regulated Waste Activity, EPA Form 8700-12 was used to collect the data. The file was updated with information compiled from the Application for a Hazardous Waste Permit-Part A, EPA form 8700-23. The data includes each facility name, EPA Identification number, addresses, owner and operator information, facility contact name and phone number. The data also indicate whether a facility is a generator, treatment/storer/disposer, and/or transporter of hazardous waste. Also included is a listing of wastes handled, taken from 40CFR Pt. 261, SIC codes, Permit Process Codes, Permit Issuance data, and non-sensitive compliance and enforcement data. Data is included for all Regions and states except for Mississippi, which has already been implemented in RCRIS. PLEASE NOTE: The computer tape product consists of two separate tape files: the Hazardous Waste Data Management System (HWDMS) database, and the Resource Conservation and Recovery Information System (RCRIS) database. RCRIS is replacing HWDMS as the official RCRA notification database. During the first year of RCRIS implementation, both systems will be operational. As a state converts to RCRIS from HWDMS, the HWDMS data for that state is archived; the current plan is to archive all data that is stored in HWDMS by the end of 1991. In order to have a complete record of all RCRA notification data, the User must have both tapes.

  5. Visualization of Flows in Packed Beds of Twisted Tapes

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hendricks, R. C.; Braun, M. J.; Peloso, D.; Athavale, M. M.; Mullen, R. L.

    2002-01-01

    A videotape presentation of the flow field in a packed bed of 48 twisted tapes which can be simulated by very thin virtual cylinders has been assembled. The indices of refraction of the oil and the Lucite twisted tapes were closely matched, and the flow was seeded with magnesium oxide particles. Planar laser light projected the flow field in two dimensions both along and transverse to the flow axis. The flow field was three dimensional and complex to describe, yet the most prominent finding was flow threads. It appeared that axial flow spiraled along either within the confines of a virtual cylindrical boundary or within the exterior region, between the tangency points, of the virtual cylinders. Random packing and bed voids created vortices and disrupted the laminar flow but minimized the entrance effects. The flow-pressure drops in the packed bed fell below the Ergun model for porous-media flows. Single-twisted-tape results of Smithberg and Landis (1964) were used to guide the analysis. In appendix A the results of several investigators are scaled to the Ergun model. Further investigations including different geometric configurations, computational fluid dynamic (CFD) gridding, and analysis are required.

  6. Biomechanical and Neuromuscular Effects of Ankle Taping and Bracing

    PubMed Central

    Wilkerson, Gary B.

    2002-01-01

    Objective: An extensive review of clinically relevant research is provided to assist clinicians in understanding the underlying mechanisms by which various ankle-support systems may provide beneficial effects. Strategies for management of different types of ankle ligament conditions are also discussed. Background: Much of the literature pertaining to ankle instability and external support has focused on assessment of inward displacement of the hindfoot within the frontal plane. Some researchers have emphasized the importance of (1) pathologic rotary displacement of the talus within the transverse plane, (2) the frequent presence of subtalar joint ligament lesions, and (3) the interrelated effects of ankle support on deceleration of inversion velocity and facilitation of neuromuscular response. Description: The traditional method for application of adhesive tape to the ankle primarily restricts inward displacement of the hindfoot within the frontal plane. The biomechanical rationale for a method of ankle taping that restricts lower leg rotation and triplanar displacement of the foot associated with subtalar motion is presented. Clinical Advantages: The lateral subtalar-sling taping procedure may limit strain on the anterior talofibular ligament associated with subtalar inversion, restrain anterolateral rotary subluxation of the talus in the presence of ligament laxity, and protect the subtalar ligaments from excessive loading. The medial subtalar sling may reduce strain on the anterior-inferior tibiofibular syndesmosis and enhance hindfoot-to-forefoot force transfer during the push-off phase of the gait cycle. PMID:12937565

  7. Digital Linear Tape (DLT) technology and product family overview

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lignos, Demetrios

    1994-01-01

    The demand that began a couple of years ago for increased data storage capacity continues. Peripheral Strategies (a Santa Barbara, California, Storage Market Research Firm) projects the amount of data stored on the average enterprise network will grow by 50 percent to 100 percent per year. Furthermore, Peripheral Strategies says that a typical mid-range workstation system containing 30GB to 50GB of storage today will grow at the rate of 50 percent per year. Dan Friedlander, a Boulder, Colorado-based consultant specializing in PC-LAN backup, says, 'The average NetWare LAN is about 8GB, but there are many that have 30GB to 300GB.....' The substantial growth of storage requirements has created various tape technologies that seek to satisfy the needs of today's and, especially, the next generations's systems and applications. There are five leading tape technologies in the market today: QIC (Quarter Inch Cartridge), IBM 3480/90, 8mm, DAT (Digital Audio Tape) and DLT (Digital Linear Tape). Product performance specifications and user needs have combined to classify these technologies into low-end, mid-range, and high-end systems applications. Although the manufacturers may try to position their products differently, product specifications and market requirements have determined that QIC and DAT are primarily low-end systems products while 8mm and DLT are competing for mid-range systems applications and the high-end systems space, where IBM compatibility is not required. The 3480/90 products seem to be used primarily in the IBM market, for interchangeability purposes. There are advantages and disadvantages for each of the tape technologies in the market today. We believe that DLT technology offers a significant number of very important features and specifications that make it extremely attractive for most current as well as emerging new applications, such as Hierarchical Storage Management (HSM). This paper will demonstrate why we think that the DLT technology and family

  8. Tape measuring system using linear encoder and digital camera

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Eom, Tae Bong; Jeong, Don Young; Kim, Myung Soon; Kim, Jae Wan; Kim, Jong Ahn

    2013-04-01

    We have designed and constructed the calibration system of line standards such as tape and rule for the secondary calibration laboratories. The system consists of the main body with linear stage and linear encoder, the optical microscope with digital camera, and the computer. The base of the system is a aluminum profile with 2.9 m length, 0.09 m height and 0.18 m width. The linear stage and the linear encoder are fixed on the aluminum profile. The micro-stage driven by micrometer is fixed on the carriage of the long linear stage, and the optical microscope with digital camera and the tablet PC are on the this stage. The linear encoder counts the moving distance of the linear stage with resolution of 1 μm and its counting value is transferred to the tablet PC. The image of the scale mark of the tape is captured by the CCD camera of optical microscope and transferred to the PC through USB interface. The computer automatically determines the center of the scale mark by image processing technique and at the same time reads the moving distance of the linear stage. As a result, the computer can calculate the interval between the scale marks of the tape. In order to achieve the high accuracy, the linear encoder should be calibrated using the laser interferometer or the rigid steel rule. This calibration data of the linear encoder is stored at the computer and the computer corrects the reading value of the linear encoder. In order to determine the center of the scale mark, we use three different algorithms. First, the image profile over specified threshold level is fitted in even order polynomial and the axis of the polynomial is used as the center of the line. Second, the left side and right side areas at the center of the image profile are calculated so that two areas are same. Third, the left and right edges of the image profile are determined at every intensity level of the image and the center of the graduation is calculated as an average of the centers of the left

  9. The application of isotope ratio mass spectrometry for discrimination and comparison of adhesive tapes.

    PubMed

    Horacek, Micha; Min, Ji-Sook; Heo, Sangcheol; Park, Jongseo; Papesch, Wolfgang

    2008-06-01

    Forensic scientists are frequently requested to differentiate between, or compare, adhesive tapes from a suspect or a crime scene. The most common polymers used to back packaging tape are polypropylene and polyvinyl chloride. Much of the oriented polypropylene (OPP) needed to produce packaging tapes, regardless of the tape brand, is supplied by just a few polymer manufacturers. Consequently, the composition of the backing material varies little. Therefore, the discriminating power of classical methods (physical fit, tape dimensions, colour, morphology, FTIR, PyGC/MS, etc.) is limited. Analysis of stable isotopes using isotope ratio mass spectrometry (IRMS) has been applied in the broad area of forensics and it has been reported that isotope analysis is a valuable tool for the identification of adhesive tapes. We have tested the usefulness of this method by distinguishing different South Korean adhesive tapes produced by just a few manufacturers in the small South Korean market. Korean adhesive tapes were collected and analysed for their isotope signatures. The glue of the tapes was separated from the backing material and these sub-samples were analysed for their H- and C-isotope composition. The result shows the possibility for discriminating most tape samples, even from the same brand. Variations within single rolls have also been investigated, where no variations in H- and C-isotope composition significantly exceeding the standard deviation were found. PMID:18438979

  10. Method and apparatus for depositing a coating on a tape carrier

    DOEpatents

    Storer, Jonathan; Matias, Vladimir

    2010-06-15

    A system and method for depositing ceramic materials, such as nitrides and oxides, including high temperature superconducting oxides on a tape substrate. The system includes a tape support assembly that comprises a rotatable drum. The rotatable drum supports at least one tape substrate axially disposed on the surface of the drum during the deposition of metals on the tape and subsequent oxidation to form the ceramic materials. The drum is located within a stator having a slot that is axially aligned with the drum. A space exists between the drum and stator. The space is filled with a predetermined partial pressure of a reactive gas. The drum, stator, and space are heated to a predetermined temperature. To form the ceramic material on the tape substrate, the drum is first rotated to align the tape substrate with the slot, and at least one metal is deposited on the substrate. The drum then continues to rotate, bringing the tape substrate into the space, where the metal deposited on the tape substrate reacts with the reactive gas to form the ceramic material. In one embodiment, the tape support system also includes a pay-out/take-up system that co-rotates with the drum and provides a continuous length of tape substrate.

  11. Simple Adhesive-Tape-Based Sampling of Tomato Surfaces Combined with Rapid Fluorescence In Situ Hybridization for Salmonella Detection▿

    PubMed Central

    Bisha, Bledar; Brehm-Stecher, Byron F.

    2009-01-01

    A simple adhesive-tape-based method for sampling of tomato surfaces was combined with fluorescence in situ hybridization for rapid culture-independent detection of Salmonella strains. Tapes could also be placed face-down on selective agar for on-tape enrichment of captured Salmonella cells. Overlay of cell-charged tapes with small volumes of liquid enrichment media enabled subsequent detection of tape-captured Salmonella via flow cytometry. PMID:19124588

  12. EFFECT OF ATHLETIC TAPING AND KINESIOTAPING® ON MEASUREMENTS OF FUNCTIONAL PERFORMANCE IN BASKETBALL PLAYERS WITH CHRONIC INVERSION ANKLE SPRAINS

    PubMed Central

    Karatas, Nihan; Baltaci, Gul

    2012-01-01

    Background: Chronic inversion ankle sprains are common in basketball players. The effect of taping on functional performance is disputed in the literature. Kinesiotaping® (KT®) is a new method that is being used as both a therapeutic and performance enhancement tool. To date, it appears that no study has investigated the effect of ankle KT® on functional performance. Purpose: To investigate the effects of different types of taping (KT® using Kinesio Tex®, athletic taping) on functional performance in athletes with chronic inversion sprains of the ankle. Study Design: Crossover Study Design Methods: Fifteen male basketball players with chronic inversion ankle sprains between the ages of 18 and 22 participated in this study. Functional performance tests (Hopping test by Amanda et al, Single Limb Hurdle Test, Standing Heel Rise test, Vertical Jump Test, The Star Excursion Balance Test [SEBT] and Kinesthetic Ability Trainer [KAT] Test) were used to quantify agility, endurance, balance, and coordination. These tests were conducted four times at one week intervals using varied conditions: placebo tape, without tape, standard athletic tape, and KT®. One-way ANOVA tests were used to examine difference in measurements between conditions. Bonferroni correction was applied to correct for repeated testing. Results: There were no significant differences among the results obtained using the four conditions for SEBT (anterior p=0.0699; anteromedial p=0.126; medial p=0.550; posteromedial p=0.587; posterior p=0.754; posterolateral p=0.907; lateral p=0.124; anterolateral p=0.963) and the KAT dynamic measurement (p=0.388). Faster performance times were measured with KT® and athletic tape in single limb hurdle test when compared to placebo and non-taped conditions (Athletic taping- placebo taping: p=0.03; athletic taping- non tape p=0.016;KT®- Placebo taping p=0.042; KT®-Non tape p=0.016). In standing heel rise test and vertical jump test, athletic taping led to decreased

  13. Recording and wear characteristics of 4 and 8 mm helical scan tapes

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Peter, Klaus J.; Speliotis, Dennis E.

    1993-01-01

    Performance data of media on helical scan tape systems (4 and 8 mm) is presented and various types of media are compared. All measurements were performed on a standard MediaLogic model ML4500 Tape Evaluator System with a Flash Converter option for time based measurements. The 8 mm tapes are tested on an Exabyte 8200 drive and 4 mm tapes on an Archive Python drive; in both cases, the head transformer is directly connected to a Media Logic Read/Write circuit and test electronics. The drive functions only as a tape transport and its data recover circuits are not used. Signal to Noise, PW 50, Peak Shift and Wear Test data is used to compare the performance of MP (metal particle), BaFe, and metal evaporate (ME). ME tape is the clear winner in magnetic performance but its susceptibility to wear and corrosion, make it less than ideal for data storage.

  14. Dry Process for Making Polyimide/ Carbon-and-Boron-Fiber Tape

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Belvin, Harry L.; Cano, Roberto J.; Johnston, Norman J.; Marchello, Joseph M.

    2003-01-01

    A dry process has been invented as an improved means of manufacturing composite prepreg tapes that consist of high-temperature thermoplastic polyimide resin matrices reinforced with carbon and boron fibers. Such tapes are used (especially in the aircraft industry) to fabricate strong, lightweight composite-material structural components. The inclusion of boron fibers results in compression strengths greater than can be achieved by use of carbon fibers alone. The present dry process is intended to enable the manufacture of prepreg tapes (1) that contain little or no solvent; (2) that have the desired dimensions, fiber areal weight, and resin content; and (3) in which all of the fibers are adequately wetted by resin and the boron fibers are fully encapsulated and evenly dispersed. Prepreg tapes must have these properties to be useable in the manufacture of high-quality composites by automated tape placement. The elimination of solvent and the use of automated tape placement would reduce the overall costs of manufacturing.

  15. Effects of Lower-Leg Kinesiology Taping on Balance Ability in Stroke Patients with Foot Drop

    PubMed Central

    Bae, Young-Hyeon; Kim, Hyeong Geun; Min, Kyung Sam; Lee, Suk Min

    2015-01-01

    Objective. The purpose of this study was to observe the effects of lower-leg kinesiology taping on balance ability in stroke patients with foot drop. Design. Randomized controlled trial study. Method. Thirty stroke patients with foot drop were randomly divided into two groups. The experimental group underwent kinesiology taping, and the control group underwent placebo taping. Balance ability was assessed before and after taping in both groups. Results. No difference was observed over time in the Berg Balance Scale score between the two groups, and a significant difference in the Berg Balance Scale score was observed only in the experimental group. Additionally, there were significant differences in the center of pressure area and limits of stability over time. Conclusion. Kinesiology taping temporarily improved static balance ability in stroke patients. However, its effect on dynamic balance was not verified. Therefore, further research on the influence of long-term kinesiology taping on dynamic balance and gait ability is suggested. PMID:26579200

  16. Water-vapor effects on friction of magnetic tape in contact with nickel-zinc ferrite

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Miyoshi, K.; Buckley, D. H.

    1984-01-01

    The effects of humidity of moist nitrogen on the friction and deformation behavior of magnetic tape in contact with a nickel-zinc ferrite spherical pin were studied. The results indicate that the coefficient of friction is markedly dependent on the ambient relative humidity. Although the coefficient of friction remains low below 40-percent relative humidity, it increases rapidly with increasing relative humidity above 40 percent. The general ambient environment of the tape does not have any effect on the friction behavior if the area where the tape is in sliding contact with the ferrite pin is flooded with controlled nitrogen. The response time for the friction of the tape to humidity changes is about 10 sec. The effect of friction as a function of relative humidity on dehumidifying is very similar to that on humidifying. A surface softening of the tape due to water vapor increases the friction of the tape.

  17. Long term stabilities of magnetic tape for data storage in office environment

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Katayama, Kazutoshi; Chinda, Yuka; Shimizu, Osamu; Goto, Yasutomo; Suzuki, Mayumi; Noguchi, Hitoshi

    2015-05-01

    The long-term stability of magnetic particulate tapes was investigated using two formats of metal data cartridge tapes for data backup, both of which had been stored in a typical office environment for more than a decade. A more modern barium ferrite data cartridge tape was also used. Analysis by a vibrating sample magnetometer, surface roughness analyzer and friction tester were used to ascertain the magnetic and tribological properties, while gel permeation chromatography, gas chromatography were employed to analyze the stability of organic materials such as binder polymers and lubricants. The magnetic and tribological performance remained stable. Moreover, the degradation of organic materials was found to be less in the data cartridge tapes that were launched after the 2000s, including the more modern barium ferrite data cartridge tapes. These results confirm the long-term stability of data cartridge tapes, indicating a longevity that is in excess of 25 years.

  18. Effects of Kinesio taping on joint position sense of the ankle

    PubMed Central

    Seo, Hyun-Do; Kim, Min-Young; Choi, Jung-Eun; Lim, Ga-Hee; Jung, Seong-In; Park, So-Hyun; Cheon, Song-Hee; Lee, Hae-Yong

    2016-01-01

    [Purpose] The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of Kinesio taping on the joint position sense of the ankle. [Subjects and Methods] The subjects of this study were 26 nomal adults who had experienced ankle sprain. Kinesio taping was applied over the ankle medial ligament and ankle lateral ligament with eight pattern reinforcement taping. Joint position sense was measured using isokinetic equipment (Biodex System 4 pro dynamometer, Biodex Medical systems Inc., USA) during dorsiflexion/plantarflexion and inversion/eversion, before and after taping. Statistical analyses were performed using SPSS 21.0 for Windows. [Results] Joint position sense after Kinesio taping was improved in the dorsiflexion and inversion positions. [Conclusion] According to the results of this study, Kinesio taping of the ankle is effective for the prevention of ankle sprain. PMID:27190446

  19. Effects of Kinesio taping on joint position sense of the ankle.

    PubMed

    Seo, Hyun-Do; Kim, Min-Young; Choi, Jung-Eun; Lim, Ga-Hee; Jung, Seong-In; Park, So-Hyun; Cheon, Song-Hee; Lee, Hae-Yong

    2016-04-01

    [Purpose] The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of Kinesio taping on the joint position sense of the ankle. [Subjects and Methods] The subjects of this study were 26 nomal adults who had experienced ankle sprain. Kinesio taping was applied over the ankle medial ligament and ankle lateral ligament with eight pattern reinforcement taping. Joint position sense was measured using isokinetic equipment (Biodex System 4 pro dynamometer, Biodex Medical systems Inc., USA) during dorsiflexion/plantarflexion and inversion/eversion, before and after taping. Statistical analyses were performed using SPSS 21.0 for Windows. [Results] Joint position sense after Kinesio taping was improved in the dorsiflexion and inversion positions. [Conclusion] According to the results of this study, Kinesio taping of the ankle is effective for the prevention of ankle sprain. PMID:27190446

  20. Facial skin injuries caused by adhesive tapes in a patient receiving cosmetic skin exfoliants.

    PubMed

    Wong, Chau P; Chui, Po T; Karmakar, Manoj K

    2003-11-01

    A 39-yr-old woman underwent general anesthesia for laparoscopic sterilization. We used adhesive tapes to close her eyelids and to secure the tracheal tube. Removal of the tapes caused patchy areas of skin loss. We later discovered that the patient had fragile facial skin from cosmetics containing skin exfoliants. We recommend taking a detailed drug history before anesthesia and avoiding adhesive tapes to the patient's face under general anesthesia. PMID:14570644

  1. NASA Global Atmospheric Sampling Program (GASP) data report for tape VL0003

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Holdeman, J. D.

    1976-01-01

    Atmospheric ozone, and related flight and meteorological data for May 1975, obtained during 49 flights of a Pan American World Airways 747, are available as GASP tape VL0003 from the National Climatic Center, Asheville, North Carolina. In addition to the GASP data, tropopause pressure fields obtained from NMC archives for the dates of the GASP flights are included on the data tape. Flight routes and dates, instrumentation, data processing procedures, and data tape specifications are described.

  2. STS-99 Mission Highlights Resource Tape, Part 1 of 2

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2000-01-01

    An overview of the STS-99 Endeavour mission is given through footage of each flight day. Scenes from flight days one through ten show activities such as astronaut prelaunch procedures (breakfast, suit-up, and boarding Endeavour), launch, and on-orbit activities such as the deployment of the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) instrument. Crewmembers are seeing during such everyday activities as brushing their teeth, exercising (bicycle), and emerging from their sleeping bunks. One of the crewmembers shows the contents of the onboard medical kit. See 'STS-99 Mission Highlights Resource Tape, Part 2 of 2' for the activities of flight days 11-12 and the landing of Endeavour.

  3. Comanche Helmet-Mounted Display Heading-Tape Simulation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Turpin, Terry; Dowell, Susan; Atencio, Adolph

    2006-01-01

    The Aeroflightdynamics Directorate (AMRDEC) conducted a simulation to assess the performance associated with a Contact Analog, world-referenced heading tape as implemented on the Comanche Helmet Integrated Display Sight System (HIDSS) when compared with a Compressed heading tape similar to that specified by the former Military Standard (MIL-STD) 1295. Six experienced pilots flew three modified Aeronautical Design Standards (ADS)-33 maneuvers (Hover Turn, Bob-up, Transient Turn) and a precision traffic pattern in the NASA Vertical Motion Simulator (VMS). Analysis of the pilot objective performance data and subjective handling qualities ratings (HQRs) showed the following: Compressed symbology in the Velocity Stabilization (VelStab) flight mode generally produced the most precise performances over Contact Analog symbology with respect to the heading, altitude, position, and time criteria specified for the maneuvers tested. VelStab outperformed the Automatic Flight Control System (AFCS) on all maneuvers achieving desired performance on most maneuvers for both symbol sets. Performance in the AFCS mode was generally desirable to adequate for heading and altitude and did not meet adequate standards for hover position and time for the Hover Turn and Bob-up maneuvers. VelStab and AFCS performance were nearly the same for the Transient Turn. Pilot comments concerning the Contact Analog heading-tape implementation were generally unfavorable in spite of the achieved levels of performance. HQRs showed Compressed symbology in the VelStab flight mode produced the lowest mean HQR, encompassing mixed ratings of satisfactory handling and needing improvement. All other symbology/flight-mode combinations yielded higher HQRs, which characterized opinions that deficiencies in aircraft handling due to HMD symbology would need improvement. Contact Analog heading tape and other symbology require improvement, especially when operating in the AFCS mode. NASA-TLX rated Compressed symbology

  4. Receiving and magnetic tape recording of original HRPT data

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Takayama, T.

    1983-03-01

    The TIROS-N/NOAA-A-J series have introduced the polar orbital environmental satellite system from 1978. The satellites transmit AVHRR (Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer) image data, low data rate instruments data (TOVS data, etc) and spacecraft/instrument telemetry data as the HRPT (High Resolution Picture Transmission). At the MSC (Meteorological Satellite Center), the HRPT signal which is transmitted by S-band from satellite is received in 4 m phi parabola antenna, low noise amplifier, and converted into the analog image data. The received signal is recorded on the computer compatible tapes for TOVS processing.

  5. Thermally Conductive Tape Based on Carbon Nanotube Arrays

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kashani, Ali

    2011-01-01

    To increase contact conductance between two mating surfaces, a conductive tape has been developed by growing dense arrays of carbon nanotubes (CNTs, graphite layers folded into cylinders) on both sides of a thermally conductive metallic foil. When the two mating surfaces are brought into contact with the conductive tape in between, the CNT arrays will adhere to the mating surface. The van der Waals force between the contacting tubes and the mating surface provides adhesion between the two mating surfaces. Even though the thermal contact conductance of a single tube-to-tube contact is small, the tremendous amount of CNTs on the surface leads to a very large overall contact conductance. Interface contact thermal resistance rises from the microroughness and the macroscopic non-planar quality of mating surfaces. When two surfaces come into contact with each other, the actual contact area may be much less than the total area of the surfaces. The real area of contact depends on the load, the surface roughness, and the elastic and inelastic properties of the surface. This issue is even more important at cryogenic temperatures, where materials become hard and brittle and vacuum is used, which prevents any gas conduction through the interstitial region. A typical approach to increase thermal contact conductance is to use thermally conducting epoxies or greases, which are not always compatible with vacuum conditions. In addition, the thermal conductivities of these compounds are often relatively low. The CNTs used in this approach can be metallic or semiconducting, depending on the folding angle and diameter. The electrical resistivity of multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) has been reported. MWCNTs can pass a current density and remain stable at high temperatures in air. The thermal conductivity of a MWCNT at room temperature is measured to be approximately 3,000 W/m-K, which is much larger than that of diamond. At room temperature, the thermal conductance of a 0.3 sq cm

  6. Experimental investigation of laser-assisted thermoplastic tape consolidation

    SciTech Connect

    Beyeler, E.; Phillips, W.; Guseri, S.I.

    1988-01-01

    An experimental investigation of a novel approach for manufacturing of thermoplastic matrix composites, is described. The technique is based on using laser energy as the focused heat source to melt the matrix material for subsequent consolidation, and appears to be particularly suited for thermoplastic filament winding opertions. An experimental set up is defined to produce multi ply rings, and the feasibility of this technique is demonstrated by discussing several samples that were produced using Ryton AC40-60 prepreg tapes. The quality of consolidation is examined through cross-sectional micrographs. 12 references.

  7. Programming input-output operations in FORTRAN on magnetic tape

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gorokov, V. N.

    1980-01-01

    The subprogram MTCFF was designed for carrying out input-output operations in FORTRAN on magnetic tape within the framework of the DOS ES EVM operation system. It is possible, by means of this subprogram, to perform any input-output operations of interest to the programmer such as recording and reading various control operations in the direct and reverse directions, even though for these purposes the facilities of the language FORTRAN itself are limited. The subprogram can also be used in programs written in other programming languages.

  8. Method for braze-joining spirally wound tapes to inner walls of heat exchanger tubes

    DOEpatents

    Garrison, Melton E.

    1984-01-01

    The present invention is directed to a method of fabricating heat exchanger tubes in which twisted tapes are utilized for promoting turbulence and heat transfer. The method of the present invention provides for the brazing of the tapes to the inner walls of the tubes for enhancing heat transfer between the fluid within the conduit and a fluid medium outside of the conduit by conduction through the tape. The braze joint of the present invention is coextensive with the tape over the entire length thereof within the conduit. The practice of the present invention is achieved by placing a filler wire of brazing metal along the tape at a location removed from the side walls and then heating the conduit and tape sufficiently to effect the displacement of the filler metal by wicking to the contact point between the tape and the conduit wall to form a braze joint coextensive with the length of the tape within the conduit. This arrangement provides maximum heat transfer and assures that the tape is in contact with the conduit over the entire common length thereof.

  9. Method for braze-joining spirally wound tapes to inner walls of heat exchanger tubes

    DOEpatents

    Garrison, M.E.

    1982-09-03

    The present invention is directed to a method of fabricating heat exchanger tubes in which twisted tapes are utilized for promoting turbulence and heat transfer. The method of the present invention provides for the brazing of the tapes to the inner walls of the tubes for enhancing heat transfer between the fluid within the conduit and a fluid medium outside of the conduit by conduction through the tape. The braze joint of the present invention is coextensive with the tape over the entire length thereof within the conduit. The practice of the present invention is achieved by placing a filler wire of brazing metal along the tape at a location removed from the side walls and then heating the conduit and tape sufficiently to effect the displacement of the filler metal by wicking to the contact point between the tape and the conduit wall to form a braze joint coextensive with the length of the tape within the conduit. This arrangement provides maximum heat transfer and assures that the tape is in contact with the conduit over the entire common length thereof.

  10. New developments for the investigation of hard X-rays emitted by peeling adhesive tapes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Krämer, D.; Lützenkirchen-Hecht, D.; Lühmann, B.; Keite-Telgenbüscher, K.; Frahm, R.

    2013-05-01

    We realized an advanced apparatus for the investigation of emitted X-rays produced by peeling adhesive tape rolls under vacuum conditions. Two stepper motors can unwind and rewind a tape roll, and an additional roller with an optical encoder provides measurement and control of the tape speed. This way reproducible and consecutive experiments are feasible without having to change the tape or break the vacuum. The dependence of the X-ray emission on tape speed, gas pressure, type of adhesive tape, and detector angle has been investigated. The resulting spectra are continuous and span an X-ray energy range of typically 2-60 keV with high intensity. Furthermore, the new apparatus allows the in situ metalization of adhesive tape rolls by a gold sputter source. A significantly increased X-ray emission was observed for adhesive tapes with a metal coating. Thin metal foils have been placed between the tape and the detector, different K- and L-absorption edges could be measured. A considerable enhancement of the emission was achieved under the influence of the magnetic field of an NdFeB permanent magnet.

  11. Aluminum Tape Evaluation for Sealable Aluminum Tubes Containing Mark 22 Fuel Tubes

    SciTech Connect

    RHODES, WILLIAM

    2003-01-01

    As part of the HEU Blend Down project, aluminum tape is required to seal aluminum tubes that will hold contaminated Mark 22 fuel tubes for dissolution. From a large field of candidate tapes, Avery Dennison's Fasson 0802 tape (synthetic rubber adhesive system) was found to be acceptable for this application. This tape will disentangle in the normal H-Canyon dissolver solution and have no detrimental effect on the H-Canyon process. Upon placement of Fasson 0802 tape into the dissolver solution, nitric acid will attack and disentangle the block copolymer network and destroy the adhesive nature of the material, resulting in insoluble particles that can be removed via centrifuge operations (cake weight increase of no more than 1 percent). The addition of the tape will not generate off-gas products and the resultant solution characteristics (surface tension, viscosity, density, and disengagement time) will be unaffected. Further, the potential effect on the down-stream evaporation system is negligible. Since the tape will not be placed in a high radiation environment, radiation stability is not an issue. Through detailed discussions with Avery Dennison chemists and based on analytical tests, a fairly detailed understanding of the constituents comprising the proprietary adhesive system has been assembled. Most importantly, chlorine was not detected in the aluminum tape (neutron activation analysis detection limit is 16 ppm). Finally, application of this tape will not impact LEU specifications.

  12. New developments for the investigation of hard X-rays emitted by peeling adhesive tapes.

    PubMed

    Krämer, D; Lützenkirchen-Hecht, D; Lühmann, B; Keite-Telgenbüscher, K; Frahm, R

    2013-05-01

    We realized an advanced apparatus for the investigation of emitted X-rays produced by peeling adhesive tape rolls under vacuum conditions. Two stepper motors can unwind and rewind a tape roll, and an additional roller with an optical encoder provides measurement and control of the tape speed. This way reproducible and consecutive experiments are feasible without having to change the tape or break the vacuum. The dependence of the X-ray emission on tape speed, gas pressure, type of adhesive tape, and detector angle has been investigated. The resulting spectra are continuous and span an X-ray energy range of typically 2-60 keV with high intensity. Furthermore, the new apparatus allows the in situ metalization of adhesive tape rolls by a gold sputter source. A significantly increased X-ray emission was observed for adhesive tapes with a metal coating. Thin metal foils have been placed between the tape and the detector, different K- and L-absorption edges could be measured. A considerable enhancement of the emission was achieved under the influence of the magnetic field of an NdFeB permanent magnet. PMID:23742586

  13. Methods for tape fabrication of continuous filament composite parts and articles of manufacture thereof

    DOEpatents

    Weisberg, Andrew H

    2013-10-01

    A method for forming a composite structure according to one embodiment includes forming a first ply; and forming a second ply above the first ply. Forming each ply comprises: applying a bonding material to a tape, the tape comprising a fiber and a matrix, wherein the bonding material has a curing time of less than about 1 second; and adding the tape to a substrate for forming adjacent tape winds having about a constant distance therebetween. Additional systems, methods and articles of manufacture are also presented.

  14. Integration of altitude and airspeed information into a primary flight display via moving-tape formats

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Abbott, Terence S.; Steinmetz, George G.

    1987-01-01

    A ground-based aircraft simulation study was conducted to determine the effect on pilot performance of replacing the electromechanical altimeter and airspeed indicators with electronically generated representations integrated into the primary flight display via moving-tape (linear moving scale) formats. Several key factors relating to moving-tape formats were examined during the study: tape centering, secondary (trend) information, and tape orientation. The factor of centering refers to whether the tape was centered about the actual airspeed or altitude or about some defined reference value. Tape orientation refers to whether the values represented are arranged in either descending or ascending order. Six pilots participated in this study, with each subject performing 18 runs along a single, known flight profile. Subjective results indicated that the moving-tape formats were generally better than that of the conventional instruments. They also indicated that an actual-centered fixed pointer was preferred to a reference-centered pointer. Performance data for a visual secondary task showed that formats not containing trend information produced better performance; however, no difference was noted in airspeed tracking or altitude tracking performance. Regarding tape orientation, subjective comments indicated that there was lower work load and better performance when the airspeed tape had the high numbers at the top.

  15. Forensic utility of the carbon isotope ratio of PVC tape backings

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Stern, L. A.; Thompson, A. H.; Mehltretter, A. H.; McLaskey, V.; Parish, A.; Aranda, R.

    2008-12-01

    Forensic interest in adhesive tapes with PVC-backings (polyvinyl chloride, electrical tapes) derives from their use in construction of improvised explosive devices, drug packaging and in a variety of other illicit activities. Due to the range of physical characteristics and chemical compositions of such tapes, traditional microscopic and chemical analysis of the tape backings and adhesives offer a high degree of discrimination between tapes from different manufacturers and products. To evaluate whether carbon isotope ratios may be able to increase discrimination of electrical tapes, particularly with regards to different tapes of the same product, we assessed the PVC-backings of 87 rolls of black electrical tape for their δ13C values. The adhesive on these tapes was physically removed with hexane, and plasticizers within the PVC tape backings were removed by three-20 minute extractions with chloroform. The δ13C values of the PVC tape backings ranged between -23.8 and -41.5 (‰ V-PDB). The carbon isotopic variation within a product (identical brand and product identification) is significant, based on five products with at least 3 rolls (ranges of 7.4‰ (n=3), 10.0‰ (n=6), 4.2‰ (n=16), 3.8‰ (n=6), and 11.5‰ (n=8), respectively). There was no measurable carbon isotope variation in regards to the following: a) along the length of a roll (4 samples from 1 roll); b) between the center and edge of a strip of tape (1 pair); c) between rolls assumed to be from the same lot of tape (2 pairs); d) between different rolls from the same batch of tape (same product purchased at the same time and place; 5 pairs); and e) between samples of a tape at room temperature, heated to 50° C and 80° C for 1 week. For each sample within the population of 87 tapes, carbon isotopes alone exclude 80 to 100% of the tapes as a potential match, with an average exclusion power of 92.5%, using a window of ± 0.4‰. Carbon isotope variations originate from variations in starting

  16. STS-108 Mission Highlights Resource Tape. Part 2 of 3

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2002-01-01

    This video is a continuation of 'STS-108 Mission Highlights Resource Tape: Part 1 of 3' (Internal ID 2002049331). Flight day four footage continues with a video tour of the International Space Station (ISS). During flight day five, an exterior view of the Multipurpose Logistics Module (MPLM) is seen, followed by the crew unloading the supplies and equipment from the MPLM. Commander Dominic Gorie and Mission Specialist Linda Godwin are seen making preparations for the Extravehicular Activity (EVA) scheduled for the following day. Footage of an exterior view of the ISS is also shown. Flight day six footage includes Godwin and Mission Specialist Daniel Tani suiting up for their EVA and the installation of thermal blankets around the solar array wings of the ISS. Expedition 3 Commander Frank Culbertson is seen working in the ISS laboratory during flight day seven. Views are shown of Saudi Arabia and the Red Sea, the western coast of Australia, Cuba and Florida, and Switzerland and Northern Italy. During flight day eight, the crew is seen stowing objects in the MPLM for return to earth. The video concludes with footage of the treadmill used by the astronauts for physical exercise. Flight days nine through twelve are included in 'STS-108 Mission Highlights Resource Tape: Part 3 of 3' (Internal ID 2002049329).

  17. Evolving Requirements for Magnetic Tape Data Storage Systems

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gniewek, John J.

    1996-01-01

    Magnetic tape data storage systems have evolved in an environment where the major applications have been back-up/restore, disaster recovery, and long term archive. Coincident with the rapidly improving price-performance of disk storage systems, the prime requirements for tape storage systems have remained: (1) low cost per MB, (2) a data rate balanced to the remaining system components. Little emphasis was given to configuring the technology components to optimize retrieval of the stored data. Emerging new applications such as network attached high speed memory (HSM), and digital libraries, place additional emphasis and requirements on the retrieval of the stored data. It is therefore desirable to consider the system to be defined both by STorage And Retrieval System (STARS) requirements. It is possible to provide comparative performance analysis of different STARS by incorporating parameters related to (1) device characteristics, and (2) application characteristics in combination with queuing theory analysis. Results of these analyses are presented here in the form of response time as a function of system configuration for two different types of devices and for a variety of applications.

  18. Deployable Carbon Tape Truss for Gossamer Space Structures

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hillebrandt, Martin; Straubel, Marco; Huhne, Christian; Wiedemann, Martin

    2012-07-01

    DLR has developed a high performance deployable truss concept for very large Gossamer Space Structures such as solar sails with side length up to a few hundred meters. The truss concept is based on foldable longerons made of thin-walled carbon tapes. In comparison to longerons of solid rods - the most frequently used type for deployable trusses - they show much higher compression strength when going to high element length. This enables increasing truss bay length and radius without increase in mass. As strength and stiffness of a truss depend strongly on its radius, highly mass-efficient trusses can be realized. A small packaging ratio is gained using a two path folding pattern. Therefore, the triangular truss is flattened first in cross direction enabled by hinges added to one row of battens. In the second step the flattened truss is reeled up on a central hub taking advantage from the high deformation capability of thin-walled carbon tapes. Extensive finite-element analysis has been done as well as hardware testing of longeron specimens and a truss prototype was manufactured. Measured and calculated performance values gained by this analysis show the superiority of this new truss-concept towards established deployable mast concepts in regard to bending stiffness, bending strength and specific truss mass.

  19. Software for Improved Extraction of Data From Tape Storage

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Cheng, Chiu-Fu

    2002-01-01

    A computer program has been written to replace the original software of Racal Storeplex Delta tape recorders, which are still used at Stennis Space Center but have been discontinued by the manufacturer. Whereas the original software could be activated by a command-line interface only, the present software offers the option of a command-line or graphical user interface. The present software also offers the option of batch-file operation (activation by a file that contains command lines for operations performed consecutively). The present software is also more reliable than was the original software: The original software was plagued by several deficiencies that made it difficult to execute, modify, and test. In addition, when using the original software to extract data that had been recorded within specified intervals of time, the resolution with which one could control starting and stopping times was no finer than about a second (or, in some cases, several seconds). In contrast, the present software is capable of controlling playback times to within 1/100 second of times specified by the user, assuming that the tape-recorder clock is accurate to within 1/100 second.

  20. Process for preparing tapes from thermoplastic polymers and carbon fibers

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Chung, Tai-Shung (Inventor); Furst, Howard (Inventor); Gurion, Zev (Inventor); McMahon, Paul E. (Inventor); Orwoll, Richard D. (Inventor); Palangio, Daniel (Inventor)

    1986-01-01

    The instant invention involves a process for use in preparing tapes or rovings, which are formed from a thermoplastic material used to impregnate longitudinally extended bundles of carbon fibers. The process involves the steps of (a) gas spreading a tow of carbon fibers; (b) feeding the spread tow into a crosshead die; (c) impregnating the tow in the die with a thermoplastic polymer; (d) withdrawing the impregnated tow from the die; and (e) gas cooling the impregnated tow with a jet of air. The crosshead die useful in the instant invention includes a horizontally extended, carbon fiber bundle inlet channel, means for providing melted polymer under pressure to the die, means for dividing the polymeric material flowing into the die into an upper flow channel and a lower flow channel disposed above and below the moving carbon fiber bundle, means for applying the thermoplastic material from both the upper and lower channels to the fiber bundle, and means for withdrawing the resulting tape from the die.

  1. STS-103 Mission Highlights Resource Tape (1 of 2)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2000-01-01

    The STS-103 flight crew, Commander Curtis L. Brown, Pilot Scott J. Kelly, Mission Specialists Steven L. Smith, C. Michael Foale, John M. Grunsfeld, Claude Nicollier, and Jean-Francois Clervoy, are seen performing pre-launch activities such as crew suit-up, and ride out to the launch pad for a night launch. Also, included are various panoramic views of the shuttle on the pad. The crew is readied in the White Room for their mission. After the closing of the hatch and arm retraction, launch activities are shown including countdown, engine ignition, launch, and the separation of the Solid Rocket Boosters. Once on-orbit the primary objective is to capture and service the Hubble Space Telescope. Included are various live shots of the payload bay showing the flight support system, the orbiter replacement unit carrier and the forward fixture that house the new Fine Guidance System (FGS). Smith and Grunsfeld replaces and changes the sensor units during the first space walk of this mission. The second space walk by Nicollier and Foale includes the changing of the computer and installation of the FGS. This is tape 1 of 2, tape 2 has a report number of NONP-NASA-VT-2000036031.

  2. Influence of kinesiologic tape on postoperative swelling, pain and trismus after zygomatico-orbital fractures.

    PubMed

    Ristow, Oliver; Pautke, Christoph; Victoria Kehl; Koerdt, Steffen; Schwärzler, Katharina; Hahnefeld, Lilian; Hohlweg-Majert, Bettina

    2014-07-01

    Surgical treatment of zygomatico-orbital (ZO) fractures is a common procedure in maxillofacial surgery. Often accompanied by pain, trismus and swelling, postoperative morbidity is a major disadvantage, affecting patients' quality of life. The appliance of kinesiologic tape (KT) improves the blood and lymph flow, removing congestions of lymphatic fluid and haemorrhages. The aim of this study was to find out if the application of kinesiologic tape prevents or improves swelling, pain and trismus after zygomatico-orbital fracture surgery, improving patients' postoperative quality of life. A total of 30 patients were assigned for treatment of zygomatico-orbital fractures and were randomly divided into treatment either with or without kinesiologic tape. Tape was applied directly after surgery and maintained for at least 5 days postoperatively. Facial swelling was quantified using a five-line measurement at six specific time points. Pain and degree of mouth opening was measured. Patient's subjective feeling and satisfaction was queried. The results of this study show that application of kinesiologic tape after zygomatico-orbital surgery significantly reduced the incidence of swelling with an earlier swelling maximum, and decreased the maximum turgidity for more than 60% during the first 2 days after surgery. Although, kinesiologic tape has no significant influence on pain control and trismus, mouth opening increased earlier after operation in the kinesiologic tape group compared to the no-kinesiologic tape group. Furthermore, patients with kinesiologic tape felt significantly lower morbidity than those without kinesiologic tape. Therefore kinesiologic tape is a promising, simple, less traumatic, economical approach, which is free from adverse reaction and improves patients' quality of life. PMID:23830769

  3. The Ergogenic Effect of Elastic Therapeutic Tape on Stride and Step Length in Fatigued Runners

    PubMed Central

    Ward, John; Sorrels, Kenneth; Coats, Jesse; Pourmoghaddam, Amir; Moskop, JoAnn; Ueckert, Kate; Glass, Amanda

    2014-01-01

    Objective The purpose of this study was to determine if elastic therapeutic tape placed on anterior lower limbs would affect stride and step length in fatigued runners’ gait. Methods Forty-two healthy participants were equally divided into a kinesiology tape group (Rocktape) and a no-tape control group. Participants in both groups underwent a baseline running gait test at 6 mph without tape. After this, participants engaged in an exhaustive lower body fatigue protocol until they reached maximal volitional exhaustion. Participants were then randomized to 1 of 2 interventions: (1) Experimental group, which had kinesiology tape placed under tension on the anterior aspect of their lower limbs bilaterally from the upper thigh to just below the patella, or (2) Control group, which did not receive taping. All participants then engaged in a similar 6-mph running gait postanalysis. Participant’s gait was analyzed for 90 seconds during each test iteration. Researchers used a 2-way repeated-measures analysis of variance considering fatigue (prefatigue, postfatigue) and group (tape, no-tape) as subject factors. Results After the fatigue protocol, the no-tape group demonstrated a significant decrease in step length of 14.2 mm (P = .041) and stride length of 29.4 mm (P = .043). The kinesiology tape group did not demonstrate a significant decline in these gait parameters. Conclusions In this preliminary study, placing elastic therapeutic tape over the anterior lower limbs demonstrated short-term preservation of runner step length and stride length in a fatigued state. PMID:25435835

  4. Longevity of duct tape in residential air distribution systems: 1-D, 2-D, and 3-D joints

    SciTech Connect

    Abushakra, Bass

    2002-05-30

    The aging tests conducted so far showed that duct tape tends to degrade in its performance as the joint it is applied to requires a geometrical description of a higher number of space dimensions (1-D, 2-D, 3-D). One-dimensional joints are the easiest to seal with duct tape, and thus the least to experience failure. Two-dimensional joints, such as the flexible duct core-to-collar joints tested in this study, are less likely to fail than three-dimensional collar-to-plenum joints, as the shrinkage could have a positive effect in tightening the joint. Three-dimensional joints are the toughest to seal and the most likely to experience failure. The 2-D flexible duct core-to-collar joints passed the six-month period of the aging test in terms of leakage, but with the exception of the foil-butyl tape, showed degradation in terms hardening, brittleness, partial peeling, shrinkage, wrinkling, delamination of the tape layers, flaking, cracking, bubbling, oozing and discoloration. The baking test results showed that the failure in the duct tape joints could be attributed to the type of combination of the duct tape and the material it is applied to, as the duct tape behaves differently with different substrates. Overall, the foil-butyl tape (Tape 4) had the best results, while the film tape (Tape 3) showed the most deterioration. The conventional duct tapes tested (Tape 1 and Tape 2) were between these two extremes, with Tape 2 performing better than Tape 1. Lastly, we found that plastic straps became discolored and brittle during the tests, and a couple of straps broke completely. Therefore, we recommend that clamping the duct-taped flexible core-to-collar joints should be done with metallic adjustable straps.

  5. Performance measurements and operational characteristics of the Storage Tek ACS 4400 tape library with the Cray Y-MP EL

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hull, Gary; Ranade, Sanjay

    1993-01-01

    With over 5000 units sold, the Storage Tek Automated Cartridge System (ACS) 4400 tape library is currently the most popular large automated tape library. Based on 3480/90 tape technology, the library is used as the migration device ('nearline' storage) in high-performance mass storage systems. In its maximum configuration, one ACS 4400 tape library houses sixteen 3480/3490 tape drives and is capable of holding approximately 6000 cartridge tapes. The maximum storage capacity of one library using 3480 tapes is 1.2 TB and the advertised aggregate I/O rate is about 24 MB/s. This paper reports on an extensive set of tests designed to accurately assess the performance capabilities and operational characteristics of one STK ACS 4400 tape library holding approximately 5200 cartridge tapes and configured with eight 3480 tape drives. A Cray Y-MP EL2-256 was configured as its host machine. More than 40,000 tape jobs were run in a variety of conditions to gather data in the areas of channel speed characteristics, robotics motion, time taped mounts, and timed tape reads and writes.

  6. Development of high-performance iron-based superconducting wires and tapes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ma, Yanwei

    2015-09-01

    Conventional powder-in-tube (PIT) method has been the most effective technique for fabricating iron-based superconducting wires and tapes. Tremendous advances have been made during the last few years, especially for 122 family pnictide tapes. Here we review some of the most recent and significant developments in making high-performance iron-based tapes by the ex-situ PIT process, paying particular attention to several fabrication techniques to realize high-field Jc performance in terms of increase of core density and improvement of texture. At 4.2 K, the practical level transport Jc up to 0.12 MA/cm2 in 10 T and 0.1 MA/cm2 in 14 T have been achieved in the K-doped 122/Ag tapes. As for multifilamentary 122 iron-based wires and tapes, the highest Jc values reached so far are 61 kA/cm2 and 35 kA/cm2 at 4.2 K and 10 T, respectively for 7- and 19-core Sr-122 tapes. Recently, high Jc Cu-cladded and stainless steel/Ag double-sheathed 122 tapes have also been produced in order to improve either mechanical properties or thermal stability. More importantly, the scalable rolling process has been used for the first time to demonstrate high Jc values in 122 conductor tapes of 11 m in length.

  7. THE EFFECTS OF VIDEO-TAPING PROCEDURES IN AN EXPERIMENTAL READING PROGRAM.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    SCHWARTZ-LITTMANN, CAROLE

    THE EXPERIMENTAL USE OF VIDEO AND TAPE RECORDINGS IN TEACHING THREE NEUROLOGICALLY DISABLED BOYS AGED 8, 9, AND 10 TO READ IS REPORTED. EXPERIENCE CHARTS WERE USED TO PRESENT BOTH UNCONTROLLED AND CONTROLLED VOCABULARY. THREE SPACES VIDEO-TAPED DEMONSTRATIONS WITH THE CHILDREN WERE USED TO DIAGNOSE PROGRESS AND AS MOTIVATIONAL DEVICES. THE…

  8. County Community Development Studies. No. 2: Extensions Library on Tape, Sarasota County.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rozar, Luther L.; And Others

    A study was conducted in Sarasota County, Florida, to determine the feasibility of implementing a County Extension Service library on telecassette tape that could be dialed by phone callers. The system would allow office callers access to two-to-three-minute tape recordings containing information on many common problems. A survey instrument…

  9. Analytical investigation in bending characteristic of twisted stacked-tape cable conductor

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Takayasu, Makoto; Chiesa, Luisa

    2015-12-01

    An analytical model to evaluate bending strains of a twisted stack-tape cable (TSTC) conductor has been developed. Through a comparison with experimental results obtained for a soldered 32-tape YBCO TSTC conductor, it has been found that a Perfect-Slip Model (PSM) taking into account the slipping between tapes in a stacked-tape cable during bending gives much better estimation of the bending performance compared to a No-Slip Model (NSM). In the PSM case the tapes can slip so that the internal longitudinal axial strain can be released. The longitudinal strains of compression and tension regions along the tape are balanced in one twist-pitch and cancel out evenly in a long cable. Therefore, in a cable the strains due to bending can be minimized. This is an important advantage of a TSTC conductor. The effect of the cable diameter size on the bending strain is also expected to be minor, and all tapes composing a TSTC conductor have the same strain response under bending, therefore the cable critical current can be characterized from a single tape behaviour.

  10. Manual of Tape Scripts; Spanish, Level 1. Curriculum Bulletin, 1967-68, Series Number 16.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    New York City Board of Education, Brooklyn, NY. Bureau of Curriculum Development.

    These tape scripts accompany tapes on Spanish grammatical structures for Level 1. The contents include presentation and practice on articles, adjectives, adverbs, simple negative, regular and irregular verbs, pronouns, and the complimentary infinitive. Each script is prefaced with syllabus number and topic and the vocabulary to be introduced or…

  11. Manual of Tape Scripts: Spanish Level 3. Curriculum Bulletin, 1970-71 Series, Number 10.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lipton, Gladys; And Others

    This publication, together with the audio tapes which it accompanies, was prepared to support the curriculum bulletin, "New York City Foreign Language Program for Secondary Schools: Spanish, Levels 1-5." The scripts in this manual are intended for use in the presentation and drill of the grammatical structures for level 3. The tapes, requiring 10…

  12. Design and Construction of a High-Speed Magnetic Tape Duplicator.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoskin, Richard K.

    Engineering procedures used in the design and construction of a high-speed, multichannel magnetic tape duplicator are described. The completed duplicator, a common mandrel duplicator, in which a single drive motor turns a common capstan shaft at high speeds and moves both master and copy tapes simultaneously, performs satisfactorily yet suggests…

  13. Field spectrometer (S191H) preprocessor tape quality test program design document

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Campbell, H. M.

    1976-01-01

    Program QA191H performs quality assurance tests on field spectrometer data recorded on 9-track magnetic tape. The quality testing involves the comparison of key housekeeping and data parameters with historic and predetermined tolerance limits. Samples of key parameters are processed during the calibration period and wavelength cal period, and the results are printed out and recorded on an historical file tape.

  14. Self-Help Tapes as an Adjunct to Hotline Counseling Services: A Preliminary Analysis.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chiauzzi, Emil; Carroll, Brion P.

    1982-01-01

    Analyzes usage of a campus counseling self-help tape program and discusses the potential for such services. Results indicated that, during the first two months of operation, sexuality represented the major concern. Males' and females' requests evidenced similar topic preferences. Tapes appear to provide an effective outreach program. (Author/JAC)

  15. User's Manual for 1970 Census Fourth Count (Population) School District Data Tapes.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Applied Urbanetics, Inc., Washington, DC.

    This user's manual is intended to aid in the use of the Fourth Count (population) School District Data Tapes (SDDTs) derived from the 1970 Census. The manual, which is designed to complement the 1970 Census Users' Guide prepared by the United States Census Bureau, covers sources of the data, structure and contents of the tapes, and use of the…

  16. 1970 Census Fourth Count (Population) School District Data Tapes [machine-readable data file].

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Center for Educational Statistics (DHEW/OE), Washington, DC.

    The Fourth Count (population) School District Data Tapes (SDDTs), derived from the 1970 Census, are presented. Because school districts are not generally coterminous with area organizations used by the 1970 Census, school administrators could not apply the Census data directly. To alleviate this problem, the data tapes, which are a recompilation…

  17. An Analysis of Certain Elements of an Audio-Tape Approach to Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bell, Ronald Ernest

    This study was designed to determine the association between selected variables and an audio-tape approach to instruction. Fifty sophomore students enrolled in a physical anthropology course at Shoreline Community College (Washington) participated in an experimental instructional program that consisted of thirty-two audio-tapes and three optional…

  18. TECHNIQUES OF TAPE PREPARATION AND DUPLICATION, WITH SUGGESTIONS FOR A LANGUAGE LABORATORY.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kansas State Dept. of Public Instruction, Topeka.

    PART ONE OF THIS BULLETIN PROVIDES HELP IN THE TWO CRITICAL AREAS OF MASTER TAPE PREPARATION AND DUPLICATION. SUPPLEMENTED BY NUMEROUS PHOTOGRAPHS AND DIAGRAMS OF EQUIPMENT AND DUPLICATION TECHNIQUES, THE BULLETIN DESCRIBES MASTER PROGRAM DUPLICATION USING LANGUAGE LABORATORY EQUIPMENT, A PROFESSIONAL MASS DUPLICATOR, A TAPE RECORDER, A RECORD…

  19. 36 CFR 1275.64 - Reproduction of tape recordings of Presidential conversations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2013-07-01 2012-07-01 true Reproduction of tape... § 1275.64 Reproduction of tape recordings of Presidential conversations. (a) To ensure the preservation... locations established by the Archivist in accordance with § 1275.62. (d) The reproduction for members of...

  20. 36 CFR 1275.64 - Reproduction of tape recordings of Presidential conversations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Reproduction of tape... § 1275.64 Reproduction of tape recordings of Presidential conversations. (a) To ensure the preservation... locations established by the Archivist in accordance with § 1275.62. (d) The reproduction for members of...

  1. 36 CFR 1275.64 - Reproduction of tape recordings of Presidential conversations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Reproduction of tape... § 1275.64 Reproduction of tape recordings of Presidential conversations. (a) To ensure the preservation... locations established by the Archivist in accordance with § 1275.62. (d) The reproduction for members of...

  2. 36 CFR 1275.64 - Reproduction of tape recordings of Presidential conversations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Reproduction of tape... § 1275.64 Reproduction of tape recordings of Presidential conversations. (a) To ensure the preservation... locations established by the Archivist in accordance with § 1275.62. (d) The reproduction for members of...

  3. 36 CFR 1275.64 - Reproduction of tape recordings of Presidential conversations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Reproduction of tape... § 1275.64 Reproduction of tape recordings of Presidential conversations. (a) To ensure the preservation... locations established by the Archivist in accordance with § 1275.62. (d) The reproduction for members of...

  4. Properties of PTFE tape as a semipermeable membrane in fluorous reactions.

    PubMed

    Parsons, Brendon A; Smith, Olivia Lin; Chae, Myeong; Dragojlovic, Veljko

    2015-01-01

    In a PTFE tape phase-vanishing reaction (PV-PTFE), a delivery tube sealed with PTFE tape is inserted into a vessel which contains the substrate. The reagent diffuses across the PTFE tape barrier into the reaction vessel. PTFE co-polymer films have been found to exhibit selective permeability towards organic compounds, which was affected by the presence of solvents. In this study, we attempted to establish general trends of permeability of PTFE tape to different compounds and to better describe the process of solvent transport in PV-PTFE bromination reactions. Though PTFE tape has been reported as impermeable to some compounds, such as dimethyl phthalate, solvent adsorption to the tape altered its permeability and allowed diffusion through channels of solvent within the PTFE tape. In this case, the solvent-filled pores of the PTFE tape are chemically more akin to the adsorbed solvent rather than to the PTFE fluorous structure. The solvent uptake effect, which was frequently observed in the course of PV-PTFE reactions, can be related to the surface tension of the solvent and the polarity of the solvent relative to the reagent. The lack of pores in bulk PTFE prevents solvents from altering its permeability and, therefore, bulk PTFE is impermeable to most solvents and reagents. However, bromine, which is soluble in liquid fluorous media, diffused through the bulk PTFE. A better understanding of the PTFE phase barrier will make it possible to further optimize the PV-PTFE reaction design. PMID:26199652

  5. Properties of PTFE tape as a semipermeable membrane in fluorous reactions

    PubMed Central

    Parsons, Brendon A; Smith, Olivia Lin; Chae, Myeong

    2015-01-01

    Summary In a PTFE tape phase-vanishing reaction (PV-PTFE), a delivery tube sealed with PTFE tape is inserted into a vessel which contains the substrate. The reagent diffuses across the PTFE tape barrier into the reaction vessel. PTFE co-polymer films have been found to exhibit selective permeability towards organic compounds, which was affected by the presence of solvents. In this study, we attempted to establish general trends of permeability of PTFE tape to different compounds and to better describe the process of solvent transport in PV-PTFE bromination reactions. Though PTFE tape has been reported as impermeable to some compounds, such as dimethyl phthalate, solvent adsorption to the tape altered its permeability and allowed diffusion through channels of solvent within the PTFE tape. In this case, the solvent-filled pores of the PTFE tape are chemically more akin to the adsorbed solvent rather than to the PTFE fluorous structure. The solvent uptake effect, which was frequently observed in the course of PV-PTFE reactions, can be related to the surface tension of the solvent and the polarity of the solvent relative to the reagent. The lack of pores in bulk PTFE prevents solvents from altering its permeability and, therefore, bulk PTFE is impermeable to most solvents and reagents. However, bromine, which is soluble in liquid fluorous media, diffused through the bulk PTFE. A better understanding of the PTFE phase barrier will make it possible to further optimize the PV-PTFE reaction design. PMID:26199652

  6. Manual of Tape Scripts: Italian, Level 1. Curriculum Bulletin, 1968-69 Series, Number 12.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lipton, Gladys; And Others

    This manual of tape scripts, together with a set of foreign language audio tapes for level 1 Italian, was prepared to support the curriculum bulletin, New York City Foreign Language Program for Schools: Italian, Levels 1-4. Vocabulary, repetition, transformation, and recombination drills on specific grammatical features allow further development…

  7. Manual of Tape Scripts: German, Level 1. Curriculum Bulletin, 1968-69 Series, Number 11.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lipton, Gladys; And Others

    This manual of tape scripts, together with a set of foreign language audio tapes for level 1 German, was prepared to support the curriculum bulletin, New York City Foreign Language Program for Secondary Schools: German, Levels 1-4. Vocabulary, repetition, transformation, and recombination drills on specific grammatical features allow further…

  8. Manual of Tape Scripts: French, Level 2. Curriculum Bulletin, 1968-69 Series, Number 10.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lipton, Gladys; And Others

    This second manual of tape scripts, together with a set of foreign language audio tapes for level 2 French, was prepared to support the curriculum bulletin, New York City Foreign Language Program for Secondary Schools: French, Levels 1-5. Vocabulary, repetition, transformation, and recombination drills on specific grammatical features allow…

  9. Manual of Tape Scripts: Spanish, Level 2. Curriculum Bulletin, 1968-69 Series, Number 13.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lipton, Gladys; And Others

    This second manual of tape scripts, together with a set of foreign language audio tapes for level 2 Spanish, was prepared to support the curriculum bulletin, New York City Foreign Language Program for Secondary Schools: Spanish, Levels 1-5. Vocabulary, repetition, transformation, and recombination drills on specific grammatical features allow…

  10. Manual of Tape Scripts: Italian, Level 2. Curriculum Bulletin, 1969-70 Series, Number 20.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lipton, Gladys; And Others

    This manual of tape scripts, together with a set of foreign language audio tapes for Level 2 Italian, was prepared to support the curriculum bulletin, "New York City Foreign Language Program for Schools: Italian, Levels 1-4." Vocabulary, repetition, transformation, and recombination drills on specific grammatical features allow further development…

  11. Manual Tape Scripts: German, Level 2. Curriculum Bulletin, 1969-70 Series, Number 19.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lipton, Gladys; And Others

    This manual of tape scripts, together with a set of foreign language tapes for Level 2 German, was prepared to support the curriculum bulletin "New York City Foreign Language Program for Schools: German, Levels 1-4." Vocabulary, repetition, transformation, and recombination drills on specific grammatical features allow further development of…

  12. Homogeneous Current Distribution in Multi-laminated HTS Tape Conductor for Pancake Coil of SMES

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hamajima, T.; Chiba, Y.; Atomura, N.; Takahashi, T.; Miyagi, D.; Tsuda, M.; Shikimachi, K.; Hirano, N.; Nagaya, S.

    A multi-laminated HTS tape conductor has been recently developed to fabricate large pancake coils such as SMES. If the HTS tapes are simply laminated to form the conductor, the current distribution in the laminated tape conductor of the coil is unbalanced because of different inductances of all tapes. The pancake coil has been widely used for large magnet, because the pancake coil is tightly wound and endures large electromagnetic force. The tape transpositions at both ends of the pancake coil are effective for the coil fabrication, because it cannot damage the conductor. It is very important to analyze current distribution in the multi-laminated tape conductor used for the pancake coil. In this paper, we analyze the current distribution in the tape conductor by using circuit model, and then propose a relationship between the laminated tape number of the conductor and the pancake coil number to obtain the homogeneous current distribution. We fabricated the double pancake coil based on the relation, tested it to verify the relation and demonstrated the homogeneous current distribution in the conductor.

  13. The Taped Problems Intervention: Increasing the Math Fact Fluency of a Student with an Intellectual Disability

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCallum, Elizabeth; Schmitt, Ara J.

    2011-01-01

    The Taped Problems intervention is an evidence-based practice that involves a self-monitored, audio-recording procedure in which students follow along with automated recordings of math facts and their solutions. A multiple-probes-across-tasks design was used to evaluate the effectiveness of the Taped Problems intervention on the division-fact…

  14. Classroom Strategies. A Video Tape Bank for English as a Second Language and Adult Basic Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hafner, Janet R.; And Others

    Palomar College produced an alternative resource for staff development in the form of a video tape library of demonstration ESL/ABE classroom strategies. The series of 15 tapes offers an inexpensive and easily duplicated means of viewing a variety of methods, an opportunity to select certain methods for repeated viewing, and the opportunity to…

  15. Fast method for obtaining scale dimensions on tape-controlled milling machine

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Thompson, L. J.

    1968-01-01

    Calculator obtains the Rail and Z Scale dimensions on the tape-controlled Sundstrand milling machine. It provides computer with depth information required to process numerical control programs which, in turn, provide the tapes for operation of N/C milling machines.

  16. Effects of Tape-Recorded Aural Models on Sight-Reading and Performance Skills.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anderson, James N.

    1981-01-01

    Investigated the effect of using tape-recorded aural models for home practice on selected sight-reading and performance skills of sixth-grade clarinet students. The tape recordings had no observed effects on the selected music skills, nor did the students using them complete more music exercises, as had been hypothesized. (Author/SJL)

  17. Tape casting as an approach to an all-ceramic turbine shroud seal

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Cawley, J. D.

    1985-01-01

    Gas path seals have a one-dimensional variation in material requirement. Tape casting is a method which allows the fabrication of thin ceramic sheets, which may be laminated to accommodate these requirements. Using tape casting, thin sheets of zirconia (0.25 mm) were fabricated. These castings were successfully laminated and fired without bloating or delamination, demonstrating the feasibility of this approach.

  18. [Taping like in professional sports: targeted stabilization and early mobilization of the ankle].

    PubMed

    Feiler, Stefan

    2006-10-01

    Taping is used in the prophylaxis, initial care, therapy and rehabilitation of injuries, such as for example, sprained ankles with damage to peroneal ligament, and for diseases and degenerative changes in the locomotor system. The tape stabilizes, activates and influences sensorimotoric perception (proprioception). PMID:17334132

  19. Colloidal processing, tape casting and sintering of PLZT for development of piezoceramic/polymer interlayered composites

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Feng, Jian-Huei

    Piezoceramic/polymer composites possess many advantages as compared to single-phase piezoceramics. One typical form of the composites is the interlayered structure, where the main requirement is to obtain thin, flat and dense ceramic sheets. Tape casting is a reliable process for producing such high-quality sheets. The colloidal processing of tape casting slurries is a critical step to achieve uniform ceramic bodies. Lanthanum-modified lead zirconate titanate (PLZT) was selected for making piezoceramic sheets due to its superior piezoelectric properties. The quality of green tapes depends mainly on the solvents and organic additives of tape casting slurries. The effects of xylenes/ethanol solvent mixtures on non-aqueous slurries were first investigated. Well-dispersed colloidal suspensions were obtained in xylenes-rich solvents with a minimum amount of menhaden fish oil as a dispersant. Adsorption of dispersant and PLZT solids content of unfired tapes are strongly affected by the solvent(s) utilized. Furthermore, when selecting solvent mixtures, one needs to consider other additives, such as binder that can affect the viscosity of slurries. Aqueous tape casting was performed using a polyelectrolyte dispersant, poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) binders and various plasticizers. Zeta potential, conductivity and viscosity of PLZT suspensions containing dispersant were characterized. The effects of plasticizers and binders on properties of unfired tapes were also investigated. The tapes made from low molecular weight plasticizers showed higher plasticity. Glycerol was shown to be the most effective plasticizer for PVA. Strong hydrogen bonding in high hydrolysis PVA led to high strength and high bulk density of green tapes, but also caused deformation of the tapes after drying. There are many challenges for sintering PLZT tapes due to volatilization of PbO component at high temperatures and fragility of thin tapes. By using the proper setter powders and the sandwich method

  20. TOT 8/4: A Way to Standardize the Surgical Procedure of a Transobturator Tape

    PubMed Central

    Ludwig, Sebastian; Stumm, Martin; Mallmann, Peter; Jager, Wolfram

    2016-01-01

    Suburethral tapes are placed “tension-free” below the urethra. Several studies reported considerable differences of the distance between urethra and tape. These distances ranged from 1 to 10 mm amongst different patients. This either caused urethral obstruction or had no effect on urinary incontinence. Therefore, we decided to standardize the procedure by placing a Hegar dilator of 8-millimeter diameter in the urethra and another Hegar dilator of 4-millimeter diameter between the urethra and the tape during transobturator tape placement. Using that simple technique, which we named “TOT 8/4,” we observed that 83% of the tapes were placed in the desired distance between 3 and 5 millimeters below the urethra. PMID:26981532

  1. Will Duct Tape and Plastic Really Work? Issues Related to Expedient Shelter-In-Place

    SciTech Connect

    Sorensen, J.H.

    2002-08-30

    Expedient sheltering involves the use of common materials to enhance the safety of a room inside a building against the impacts of a chemical plume. The central premise behind taping and sealing with duct tape and plastic is to reduce airflow into a room. This paper reviews issues associated with the use of expedient sheltering materials and the effectiveness of this strategy. Expedient sheltering provides additional protection to people sheltering in place beyond that provided by the house and by a safe room without expedient measures. The materials chosen for taping and sealing--duct tape and plastic--are appropriate because they effectively reduce infiltration and the materials should withstand a vapor challenge. Taping is essential to reduce air infiltration. Plastic sheeting is not a critical element for reducing air infiltration, but it makes sealing off large windows easier.

  2. Feasibility of a short-period superconducting undulator using 2G HTS tapes.

    SciTech Connect

    Kim, S. H.; Doose, C. L.; Jaski, M. S.; Kasa, M. T. )

    2011-06-01

    This paper presents a design concept of a planar-type superconducting undulator (SCU) using YBCO high-temperature superconductor (HTS) tapes. The SCU has a period length of 15 mm, and the tape conductor has dimensions of 4-mm width and 0.1-mm thickness. It has been shown that the conductor transition from one coil groove to the one in the next period is possible by making a semi-circular concave loop of the tape for continuous winding in the same direction. Non-uniform current distribution in the tape may cause field quality degradation. Assuming a uniform current density in the tape, the engineering critical-current density of the HTS in the coil for the design and the corresponding achievable on-axis peak field at 4.2 K were calculated.

  3. Calibration of Hall sensor array for critical current measurement of YBCO tape with ferromagnetic substrate

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhu, Yunpeng; Wang, Gang; Liu, Liyuan; Yang, Xinsheng; Zhao, Yong

    2015-12-01

    HAS (Hall sensor array) is a powerful tool to detect the uniformity of HTS (high temperature superconductor) tape through mapping the distribution of remanent or shielding field along the surface of the tape. However, measurement of HTS tape with ferromagnetic parts by HSA is still an issue because the ferromagnetic substrate has influence on the magnetic field around the HTS layer. In this work, a continuous HSA system has been designed to measure the critical current of the YBCO tape with ferromagnetic substrate. The relationship between the remanent field and critical current was calibrated by the finite element method. The result showed that the HSA is an effective method for evaluating the critical current of the HTS tape with ferromagnetic substrate.

  4. Generation of ultra-sound during tape peeling

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Marston, Jeremy O.; Riker, Paul W.; Thoroddsen, Sigurdur T.

    2014-03-01

    We investigate the generation of the screeching sound commonly heard during tape peeling using synchronised high-speed video and audio acquisition. We determine the peak frequencies in the audio spectrum and, in addition to a peak frequency at the upper end of the audible range (around 20 kHz), we find an unexpected strong sound with a high-frequency far above the audible range, typically around 50 kHz. Using the corresponding video data, the origins of the key frequencies are confirmed as being due to the substructure ``fracture'' bands, which we herein observe in both high-speed continuous peeling motions and in the slip phases for stick-slip peeling motions.

  5. Generation of ultra-sound during tape peeling.

    PubMed

    Marston, Jeremy O; Riker, Paul W; Thoroddsen, Sigurdur T

    2014-01-01

    We investigate the generation of the screeching sound commonly heard during tape peeling using synchronised high-speed video and audio acquisition. We determine the peak frequencies in the audio spectrum and, in addition to a peak frequency at the upper end of the audible range (around 20 kHz), we find an unexpected strong sound with a high-frequency far above the audible range, typically around 50 kHz. Using the corresponding video data, the origins of the key frequencies are confirmed as being due to the substructure "fracture" bands, which we herein observe in both high-speed continuous peeling motions and in the slip phases for stick-slip peeling motions. PMID:24651648

  6. Analysis and discrimination of electrical tapes: Part I. Adhesives.

    PubMed

    Mehltretter, Andria H; Bradley, Maureen J; Wright, Diana M

    2011-01-01

    This study involved the comparative analysis and discrimination of 90 electrical tape adhesives. The objectives included the evaluation of the ability of individual techniques to discriminate samples and the assessment of the ability of the techniques combined to distinguish samples. The techniques utilized were stereomicroscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), pyrolysis-gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (Py-GC/MS), and scanning electron microscopy/energy dispersive spectroscopy (SEM/EDS). Stereomicroscopy, to assess adhesive colors of black, clear/colorless, and clear adhesives with brown tint, resulted in a discrimination of 53%. FTIR analysis yielded eight distinct groups with a discrimination of 67%. Py-GC/MS analysis resulted in 16 groups with a discrimination of 83%. These analyses confirmed and further subdivided the FTIR groups. SEM/EDS resulted in five separate groups at 17% discrimination, increasing the overall discrimination to above 85%. PMID:20887352

  7. Selective laser densification of lithium aluminosilicate glass ceramic tapes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zocca, Andrea; Colombo, Paolo; Günster, Jens; Mühler, Thomas; Heinrich, Jürgen G.

    2013-01-01

    Tapes, cast by blade deposition of a lithium aluminosilicate glass slurry, were sintered using a YAG-fiber laser, with the aim of finding suitable parameters for an additive manufacturing process based on layer-wise slurry deposition and selective laser densification. The influence of the laser parameters (output power and scan velocity) on the sintering was evaluated, by scanning electron microscopy and by X-ray diffraction, on the basis of the quality of the processed layer. Well densified samples could be obtained only in a small window of values for the output power and the scan velocity. The measurement of the width of a set of single scanned lines allowed also to estimate the minimum resolution of the system along the layer plane.

  8. Evolution of Archival Storage (from Tape to Memory)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ramapriyan, Hampapuram K.

    2015-01-01

    Over the last three decades, there has been a significant evolution in storage technologies supporting archival of remote sensing data. This section provides a brief survey of how these technologies have evolved. Three main technologies are considered - tape, hard disk and solid state disk. Their historical evolution is traced, summarizing how reductions in cost have helped being able to store larger volumes of data on faster media. The cost per GB of media is only one of the considerations in determining the best approach to archival storage. Active archives generally require faster response to user requests for data than permanent archives. The archive costs have to consider facilities and other capital costs, operations costs, software licenses, utilities costs, etc. For meeting requirements in any organization, typically a mix of technologies is needed.

  9. Adhesive tape exfoliation: Why it works for graphene

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bohr, Jakob

    2015-03-01

    Single-crystal graphite can be cleaved by the use of an adhesive tape. This was also the initial route for obtaining graphene, a one-layer thick graphite slab. In this letter a few simple and fun considerations are presented in an attempt to shed some light on why this procedure is successful. In particular on the nature of the surprisingly small number of repetitive steps that are needed in order to obtain a single-layer slab. Two frameworks for exfoliation are investigated: parallel exfoliation involving repetitive simultaneous cleaving, the other, serial exfoliation, which involves the repetitive cleaving of a single chunk of graphite. For both cases, parallel and serial exfoliation, it is investigated how many generations of cleavages are needed. An approximate model with the probability distribution expressed as a simple closed form is presented and compared with the simulations.

  10. AC magnetic field losses in BSCCO-2223 superconducting tapes

    SciTech Connect

    Lelovic, M.; Mench, S.; Deis, T.

    1997-09-01

    The AC magnetic losses at power frequencies (60 Hz) were investigated for mono- and multifilament Ag-sheathed (Bi, Pb){sub 2}Sr{sub 2}Ca{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub y} (BSCCO-2223) tapes with similar transport critical current (I{sub c}) values at 77 K. The multifilament sample exhibited higher losses than the monofilament under the same conditions. Loss peaks are discussed in terms of intergranular, intragranular and eddy current losses. Because of BSCCO`s anisotropy, field orientation has a large effect on the magnitude of these peaks, even at relatively small angles. Losses for fields applied parallel to the c-axis of the textured BSCCO grains are larger by more than one order of magnitude than those applied perpendicular.

  11. Integration of long-gage fiber optic sensor into a fiber-reinforced composite sensing tape

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Glisic, Branko; Inaudi, Daniele

    2003-07-01

    Thermoplastic and thermoset fiber-reinforced composite materials are well established in aerospace engineering, but also more and more used in the oil and gas industry as well as in civil engineering. In these applications they are mainly used to reinfoce, repair or straighten existing structures, but recently full-composite structures have also been built. Independently from the domain of the use, there is a need for these composite structures to be monitored. Since the composite materials are usually applied in the form of thin tapes or sheets, sensors have to be embedded within the structure, depending on structural layer that has to be monitored. Embedding the sensors may have as a consequence a significant decrease of the mechanical properties of the composite material due to the dimensions of the sensor. The solution presented in this paper is integration of a fiber optic sensor directly into the main composite component, i.e. into the composite tape. In this paper we present the development of a thermoplastic fiber-reinforced composite tape with integrated long-gage fiber-optic sensors. The fiber-optic sensors are selected due to small transversal dimension and good compatibility with the plastic materials. The tape with integrated optical fiber can be used for tape winding of a structural element, embedded between different layers, but also as a separate sensor - a sensing tape. The optical and mechanical properties of the tapes with sensor are tested. The sensing tape is then installed onto the rail along with standard long-gage fiber optic sensor, additional tests are performed and performance of both sensor compared. The integration of optical fiber into the composite tape, the results of the tests as well as the performances of the tape with integrated optical fiber are presented in this paper.

  12. The effectiveness of tape playbacks in estimating Black Rail densities

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Legare, M.; Eddleman, W.R.; Buckley, P.A.; Kelly, C.

    1999-01-01

    Tape playback is often the only efficient technique to survey for secretive birds. We measured the vocal responses and movements of radio-tagged black rails (Laterallus jamaicensis; 26 M, 17 F) to playback of vocalizations at 2 sites in Florida during the breeding seasons of 1992-95. We used coefficients from logistic regression equations to model probability of a response conditional to the birds' sex. nesting status, distance to playback source, and time of survey. With a probability of 0.811, nonnesting male black rails were ))lost likely to respond to playback, while nesting females were the least likely to respond (probability = 0.189). We used linear regression to determine daily, monthly and annual variation in response from weekly playback surveys along a fixed route during the breeding seasons of 1993-95. Significant sources of variation in the regression model were month (F3.48 = 3.89, P = 0.014), year (F2.48 = 9.37, P < 0.001), temperature (F1.48 = 5.44, P = 0.024), and month X year (F5.48 = 2.69, P = 0.031). The model was highly significant (P < 0.001) and explained 54% of the variation of mean response per survey period (r2 = 0.54). We combined response probability data from radiotagged black rails with playback survey route data to provide a density estimate of 0.25 birds/ha for the St. Johns National Wildlife Refuge. The relation between the number of black rails heard during playback surveys to the actual number present was influenced by a number of variables. We recommend caution when making density estimates from tape playback surveys

  13. LANDSAT-D data format control book. Volume 6, appendix G: GSFC HDT-AM inventory tape (GHIT-AM)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1981-01-01

    The data format specifications of the Goddard HDT inventory tapes (GHITS), which accompany shipments of archival digital multispectral scanner image data (HDT-AM tapes), are defined. The GHIT is a nine-track, 1600-BPI tape which conforms to the ANSI standard and serves as an inventory and description of the image data included in the shipment. The archival MSS tapes (HDT-AMs) contain radiometrically corrected but geometrically uncorrected image data plus certain ancillary data necessary to perform the geometric corrections.

  14. 26 CFR 1.9101-1 - Permission to submit information required by certain returns and statements on magnetic tape.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... certain returns and statements on magnetic tape. 1.9101-1 Section 1.9101-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL... statements on magnetic tape. In any case where the use of a Form 1087 or 1099 is required by the regulations... satisfied by submitting the information required by such form on magnetic tape or by other media,...

  15. 78 FR 48472 - Hewlett Packard Company; Enterprise Storage Servers and Networking (Tape) Group; Formerly D/B/A...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-08

    ... Employment and Training Administration Hewlett Packard Company; Enterprise Storage Servers and Networking (Tape) Group; Formerly D/B/A Enterprise Group, HP Storage, Tape Group; Fort Collins, Colorado; Notice of..., Enterprise Storage Servers and Networking (Tape) Group (formerly d/b/a Enterprise Group, HP Storage,...

  16. 77 FR 13263 - Foreign-Trade Zone 109 - Watertown, NY; Amendment to Application; North American Tapes, LLC...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-06

    ... number 48-2011 on July 15, 2011 (76 FR 43259, 7- 20-2011). The NAT facility (25 employees) is located... American Tapes, LLC (Textile Athletic Tape), Watertown, NY A request has been submitted to the Foreign... used to produce pressure-sensitive adhesive athletic tape with textile fabric backing material for...

  17. National Assessment of Educational Progress: 1983-84 Public-Use Data Tapes, Version 3.1. Users' Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barone, John L.; And Others

    This document is the users' guide for Version 3.1 of the Public-Use data tapes compiled by the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), 1983-84. The Public-Use tapes are produced to allow outside researchers access to the NAEP data. The tapes accompanying this guide contain data assessing student achievement in reading and writing at…

  18. AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF THE EFFECTS OF TAPE LISTENING ON CERTAIN MODES OF FUNCTIONING IN STUDENT COUNSELORS.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    PETERSON, MARK B.

    THIS STUDY DEMONSTRATES THE EFFECT OF LISTENING TO TAPE RECORDINGS ON STUDENT COUNSELOR'S (SC) COGNITIVE BEHAVIOR. SIX 5-MINUTE TAPES WERE VALIDATED TO PRESENT THREE KINDS OF CLIENT RESPONSES TO THE COUNSELOR--(1) NEGATIVE AND HOSTILE, (2) POSITIVE AND SUPPORTIVE, AND (3) NEUTRAL. AFTER LISTENING TO THE TAPES, THE SUBJECTS WERE ASKED TO PERFORM…

  19. Heat transfer enhancement of twisted-tape inserts in turbulent pipe flows

    SciTech Connect

    Fujita, Yasunobu; Lopez, A.M.

    1995-12-31

    Experimental data of liquid and vapor flows of R113 for Re = 5,000--400,000 were obtained for both a plain tube and tube with snugly fitted twisted-tape inserts. No evidence of tape fin effects was found in the heat-transfer characteristics of a stainless-steel tape insert when compared to a Teflon-tape insert. For twist ratios {gamma} = 5.9, 10.0, and 16.0, improvements in heat transfer of up to 35 percent were observed. Based on a simple consideration of the heat-transfer enhancement mechanisms of twisted-tape inserts, a Dittus-Boelter-type correlation for a plain tube was modified to include twisted-tape effects. For such a case, use of available plain-tube data were recommended to maximize the accuracy of the proposed correlation. The trade-off between pressure loss and heat-transfer enhancement was considered to determine the overall desirability of twisted-tape inserts.

  20. Burnout Test of First- and Second-Generation HTS Tapes in Liquid-Nitrogen Bath Cooling

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Young, M. A.; Demko, J. A.; Duckworth, R. C.; Lue, J. W.; Gouge, M. J.; Pace, M. O.

    2004-06-01

    A series of BSCCO-2223 and YBCO tapes were subjected to burnout tests in a liquid-nitrogen bath to observe operational stability limits when different layers of dielectric tape are added to the sample surface. In this study, the BSCCO tapes were composed of a silver/alloy sheath with nickel/copper plating, while the YBCO tapes had a 50-μm layer of copper attached to the silver surface. After attaching the tapes to a thermally insulated G-10 holder, the stability of the tapes was found by applying current greater than the critical current and holding it constant for up to 1 min. If the sample voltage increased rapidly during this period, the tape was considered unstable at this current. This was repeated at different layers of Cryoflex™, and the results were compared to a numerical simulation of the energy balance equation. This simulation was also utilized to investigate the effect of the layers on the stability limit and estimate the thermal conductivity of the Cryoflex™.

  1. Modeling of tape tether vibration and vibration sensing using smart film sensors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kunugi, Kouta; Kojima, Hirohisa; Trivailo, Pavel M.

    2015-02-01

    Tape-tethered satellite systems use long and flexible tape tethers, the bending and torsional vibrations of which affect the positions and attitude of attached satellites and climbers. Owing to the distribution characteristics of a tape tether, ordinary point sensors and actuators cannot be used easily to control the vibrations. Other types of sensors and actuators are required for this purpose. The flexibility and deformability of smart materials make them particularly suitable for integration into a tape-tethered system. Thus, in this paper, we propose a method for modeling the bending and torsional vibrations of a tape tether, and report our investigation into the feasibility of using smart film sensors to distinguish between the two vibration types. We formulate equations of motion for the tape tether using multibody dynamics techniques, and perform numerical simulations to study the behavior of the bending and torsional vibrations. The results of our experiments show that the bending and torsional vibrations of a tape tether can be measured using smart film sensors attached to the tether.

  2. Rheological property and stress development during drying of tape-cast ceramic layers

    SciTech Connect

    Lewis, J.A.; Blackman, K.A.; Ogden, A.L.; Payne, J.A.; Francis, L.F.

    1996-12-01

    Rheological property and stress development of tape-cast ceramic layers derived from nonaqueous alumina (Al{sub 2}O{sub 3})-poly(vinyl butyral) (PVB) suspensions were observed during drying. Casting suspensions exhibited strong shear-thinning behavior, with a low shear Newtonian plateau apparent viscosity >10{sup 2}Pa{center_dot}s. The apparent suspension viscosity displayed a power-law dependence on the Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} volume fraction during the initial stage of drying ({le}30% solvent loss). Stress development, measured by a cantilever deflection method, and parallel weight loss measurements were performed during the drying of tape-cast layers and pure binder coatings. Maximum drying stresses ({sigma}{sub max}) of 1.37--0.77 MPa were observed for plasticized tapes cast at gap heights of 150--400 {micro}m. In contrast, nonplasticized tapes of similar thickness displayed a more gradual stress increase, with {sigma}{sub max} values approximately an order of magnitude higher than their plasticized counterparts. The stress histories of the corresponding binder coatings were quite similar to the tape-cast layers, albeit slightly lower {sigma}{sub max} values were observed. Stresses decayed beyond {sigma}{sub max} with a logarithmic time dependence to an almost constant value of 0.2--0.4 MPa for the plasticized tapes. Based on these observations, process methodologies have been offered to minimize stress development and retention in tape-cast ceramic layers.

  3. Immediate effects of kinematic taping on lower extremity muscle tone and stiffness in flexible flat feet

    PubMed Central

    Wang, Joong-San; Um, Gi-Mai; Choi, Jung-Hyun

    2016-01-01

    [Purpose] This study aimed to examine the immediate effects of kinematic taping on the tone and stiffness in the leg muscles of subjects with flexible flat feet. [Subjects and Methods] A total of 30 subjects, 15 in the kinematic taping and 15 in the sham taping group, were administered respective taping interventions. Subsequently, the foot pressure and the tone and stiffness in the tibialis anterior, rectus femoris, medial gastrocnemius, and the long head of the biceps femoris muscles of both the lower extremities were measured. [Results] The foot pressure of the dominant leg significantly decreased in the kinematic taping group. The muscle tone and stiffness in the rectus femoris muscle of the dominant and non-dominant leg, tibialis anterior muscle of the dominant leg, medial gastrocnemius muscle of the non-dominant leg, and the stiffness in the dominant leg significantly decreased. The muscle tone and stiffness generally increased in the sham taping group. However, no significant difference was observed between the 2 groups. [Conclusion] This study demonstrated that kinematic taping on flexible flat feet had positive effects of immediately reducing the abnormally increased foot pressure and the tone and stiffness in the lower extremity muscles. PMID:27190479

  4. Effects of spiral taping applied to the neck and ankle on the body balance index

    PubMed Central

    Lee, Byung Hoon; Lee, Hye Rim; Kim, Kyeong Mi; Lee, Jeong Hun; Kim, Kyung Yoon

    2015-01-01

    [Purpose] This study was performed to investigate the changes in the body balance index when spiral taping is applied to the neck and ankle. The findings are expected to serve as evidence of the usefulness of taping the neck instead of the ankle when ankle taping is not feasible in clinical practice. [Subjects and Methods] Twenty healthy male students at A university were enrolled in this study. Balance measurements were made under three conditions: no intervention, ankle intervention and neck intervention. Static balance was measured with subjects’ eyes open and closed, and dynamic balance was measured with subjects’ eyes closed. [Results] There were significant differences in dynamic balance assessed by the Overall Balance Index (OBI), and the Anteroposterior Balance Index (ABI) with subjects’ eyes open when ankle or neck taping was applied compared to no intervention. The static balance (OBI) of subjects with eyes open showed significant differences from the no intervention condition in both the ankle and neck intervention. The static balance (OBI) with subjects’ eyes closed also showed significant differences in both the ankle and neck interventions compared to the no intervention condition. [Conclusion] Our results indicate that neck taping stimulates the somatic senses around the neck and increase proprioception, resulting in balance improvement similar to that elicited by ankle taping. Further studies with larger sample sizes various experimental conditions should be performed to more systematically and objectively elucidate the effects of neck taping. PMID:25642043

  5. Chemistry of cometary meteoroids from video-tape records of meteor spectra

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Millman, P. M.

    1982-01-01

    The chemistry of the cometary meteoroids was studied by closed circuit television observing systems. Vidicon cameras produce basic data on standard video tape and enable the recording of the spectra of faint shower meteors, consequently the chemical study is extended to smaller particles and we have a larger data bank than is available from the more conventional method of recording meteor spectra by photography. The two main problems in using video tape meteor spectrum records are: (1) the video tape recording has a much lower resolution than the photographic technique; (2) video tape is relatively new type of data storage in astronomy and the methods of quantitative photometry have not yet been fully developed in the various fields where video tape is used. The use of the most detailed photographic meteor spectra to calibrate the video tape records and to make positive identification of the more prominent chemical elements appearing in the spectra may solve the low resolution problem. Progress in the development of standard photometric techniques for the analysis of video tape records of meteor spectra is reported.

  6. Feasibility model of a high reliability five-year tape transport, volume 2

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Eshleman, R. L.; Meyers, A. P.; Davidson, W. A.; Gortowski, R. C.; Anderson, M. E.

    1973-01-01

    Analysis of the design features of the modularized tape transport renders a life expectancy in excess of five years. Tests performed on the tape transport were directed toward determining its performance capability. These tests revealed that the tape jitter and skew are in the range achieved by high quality digital tape transports. Guidance of the tape in the lateral sense by the use of the two hybrid crowned rollers proved to be excellent. Tracking was maintained within less than one thousandth inch (approximately 2 micrometers). The guidance capability demonstrated makes possible the achievement of the performance objective of 7.2 x 10 to the 9th power storage capability employing 1500 ft. of one inch wide tape with a packing density of 5,000 bits per inch per track on 80 tracks. Also, the machine showed excellent characteristics operating over a wide range of tape speeds. The basic design concept lends itself to growth and adaptation to a wide range of recorder requirements.

  7. Thermal Edge-Effects Model for Automated Tape Placement of Thermoplastic Composites

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Costen, Robert C.

    2000-01-01

    Two-dimensional thermal models for automated tape placement (ATP) of thermoplastic composites neglect the diffusive heat transport that occurs between the newly placed tape and the cool substrate beside it. Such lateral transport can cool the tape edges prematurely and weaken the bond. The three-dimensional, steady state, thermal transport equation is solved by the Green's function method for a tape of finite width being placed on an infinitely wide substrate. The isotherm for the glass transition temperature on the weld interface is used to determine the distance inward from the tape edge that is prematurely cooled, called the cooling incursion Delta a. For the Langley ATP robot, Delta a = 0.4 mm for a unidirectional lay-up of PEEK/carbon fiber composite, and Delta a = 1.2 mm for an isotropic lay-up. A formula for Delta a is developed and applied to a wide range of operating conditions. A surprise finding is that Delta a need not decrease as the Peclet number Pe becomes very large, where Pe is the dimensionless ratio of inertial to diffusive heat transport. Conformable rollers that increase the consolidation length would also increase Delta a, unless other changes are made, such as proportionally increasing the material speed. To compensate for premature edge cooling, the thermal input could be extended past the tape edges by the amount Delta a. This method should help achieve uniform weld strength and crystallinity across the width of the tape.

  8. Ankle Spatting Compared to Bracing or Taping during Maximal-Effort Sprint Drills

    PubMed Central

    REUTER, GRANT D; DAHL, ANGELA R; SENCHINA, DAVID S

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to compare the influences of 4 ankle conditions (no support, bracing, taping, taping + spatting; all in football cleats) during 2 maximal-effort field drills (40-yd dash and 34-yd cutting drill) on perceptions of comfort and stability and performance outcomes. Fourteen young adult males participated. Subjects’ perceptions of comfort and stability were assessed by visual analogue scales after each drill for each ankle condition. Time-to-completion and post-completion heart rate were recorded. For both drills, significant differences in comfort perception were found such that subjects perceived no support as equivocal to bracing but more comfortable than either taping or spatting + taping. Stability results differed by drill. For the dash, significant differences in stability perception were found such that subjects perceived no support as equivocal to bracing but less stable than either taping or spatting + taping. By contrast, for the cutting drill significant differences in stability perception were found such that subjects perceived their ankles as less stable during the no support condition as compared to all 3 other conditions. Generally, bracing was perceived as equivocal to all 3 other conditions for comfort and stability. There were no significant differences in time-to-completion or heart rate for any comparison. Compared to bracing or taping, spatting + taping (a) did not influence performance time in explosive/sprint-type drills, (b) was perceived as equivalent to taping alone in terms of ankle comfort and stability, and (c) was perceived as equivalent to bracing in terms of stability but not comfort.

  9. Electromechanical behaviour of REBCO tape lap splices under transverse compressive loading

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Grether, A.; Scheuerlein, C.; Ballarino, A.; Bottura, L.

    2016-07-01

    We have studied the influence of transverse compressive stress on the resistance and critical current (I c ) of soldered REBCO tape lap splices. Internal contact resistances dominate the overall REBCO lap splice resistances. Application of transverse compressive stress up to 250 MPa during the resistance measurements does not alter the resistance and I c of the soldered REBCO splices that were studied. The resistance of unsoldered REBCO tape lap splices depends strongly on the contact pressure. At a transverse compressive stress of 100 MPa, to which Roebel cables are typically exposed in high field magnets, the crossover splice contact resistance is comparable to the internal tape resistances.

  10. Efficacy of stepwise application of orthosis and kinesiology tape for treating thumb metacarpophalangeal joint hyperextension injury

    PubMed Central

    Lee, Sun-Min; Lee, Jung-Hoon

    2015-01-01

    [Purpose] The purpose of this study was to investigate on the effects of the stepwise application of orthosis and kinesiology tape on a patient with thumb metacarpophalangeal joint hyperextension injury. [Subject] The patient was a 43-year-old man with severe thumb MCP pain and extremely limited thumb movement. [Methods] Stepwise application of orthosis and kinesiology taping were performed for 3 weeks and 4 weeks, respectively. [Results] After stepwise treatment, the patient was able to power grip, precision pinch, turn a key, and hold a pen without pain. [Conclusion] Stepwise application of thumb orthosis and kinesiology tape is a safe and effective treatment for thumb MCP joint hyperextension injury. PMID:26355325

  11. Development of Silver Tape Target System for High Repetition X-ray Laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nishikino, Masaharu; Ochi, Yoshihiro; Hasegawa, Noboru; Kawachi, Tetsuya; Ohba, Toshiyuki; Kaihori, Takeshi; Nagashima, Keisuke

    The development of continuous pumping to the target system is an important issue for realizing an x-ray laser (XRL) with the high repetition rate. We have developed a 13.9 nm XRL using a silver tape target and demonstrated a highly coherent XRL with an oscillator-amplifier configuration using two tape target systems and the TOPAZ laser system with a 10-J and a 0.1-Hz repetition rate. The output energy is comparable to the x-ray laser generated with a silver-deposited slab target, and the pointing stability using the new tape target system is better than conventional slab target.

  12. A Dry Powder Process for Preparing Uni-Tape Prepreg from Polymer Powder Coated Filamentary Towpregs

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wilkinson, Steven P. (Inventor); Johnston, Norman J. (Inventor); Marchello, Joseph M. (Inventor)

    1995-01-01

    A process for preparing uni-tape prepreg from polymer powder coated filamentary towpregs is provided. A plurality of polymer powder coated filamentary towpregs are provided. The towpregs are collimated so that each towpreg is parallel. The sandwich is heated to a temperature wherein the polymer flows and intimately contacts the filaments and pressure is repeatedly applied perpendicularly to the sandwich with a longitudinal oscillating action wherein the filaments move apart and the polymer wets the filaments forming a uni-tape prepreg. The uni-tape prepreg is subsequently cooled.

  13. Dry powder process for preparing uni-tape prepreg from polymer powder coated filamentary towpregs

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wilkinson, Steven P. (Inventor); Johnston, Norman J. (Inventor); Marchello, Joseph M. (Inventor)

    1997-01-01

    A process for preparing uni-tape prepreg from polymer powder coated filamentary towpregs is provided. A plurality of polymer powder coated filamentary towpregs are provided. The towpregs are collimated so that each towpreg is parallel. A material is applied to each side of the towpreg to form a sandwich. The sandwich is heated to a temperature wherein the polymer flows and intimately contacts the filaments and pressure is repeatedly applied perpendicularly to the sandwich with a longitudinal oscillating action wherein the filaments move apart and the polymer wets the filaments forming a uni-tape prepreg. The uni-tape prepreg is subsequently cooled.

  14. ERB master archival tape specification no. T 134081 ERB MAT, revision 1

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1984-01-01

    The Earth radiation budget (ERB)MAT tapes are generated by the ERB MATGEN software using the IBM 3081 computer system operated by the Science and Applications Computer Center at Goddard Space Flight Center. All MAT's are 9-track and MAT data are in ascending time order. The gross tape format for NIMBUS year-1 and year-2 MAT's is different from the format of MAT's starting with year-3. The MATs from the first two years are to contain one day's worth of data while all other MATs are to contain multiple day's worth of data stacked onto the tapes.

  15. Convergent evolution as natural experiment: the tape of life reconsidered.

    PubMed

    Powell, Russell; Mariscal, Carlos

    2015-12-01

    Stephen Jay Gould argued that replaying the 'tape of life' would result in radically different evolutionary outcomes. Recently, biologists and philosophers of science have paid increasing attention to the theoretical importance of convergent evolution-the independent origination of similar biological forms and functions-which many interpret as evidence against Gould's thesis. In this paper, we examine the evidentiary relevance of convergent evolution for the radical contingency debate. We show that under the right conditions, episodes of convergent evolution can constitute valid natural experiments that support inferences regarding the deep counterfactual stability of macroevolutionary outcomes. However, we argue that proponents of convergence have problematically lumped causally heterogeneous phenomena into a single evidentiary basket, in effect treating all convergent events as if they are of equivalent theoretical import. As a result, the 'critique from convergent evolution' fails to engage with key claims of the radical contingency thesis. To remedy this, we develop ways to break down the heterogeneous set of convergent events based on the nature of the generalizations they support. Adopting this more nuanced approach to convergent evolution allows us to differentiate iterated evolutionary outcomes that are probably common among alternative evolutionary histories and subject to law-like generalizations, from those that do little to undermine and may even support, the Gouldian view of life. PMID:26640647

  16. The Kinesio Taping Method for Myofascial Pain Control

    PubMed Central

    Wu, Wei-Ting; Hong, Chang-Zern; Chou, Li-Wei

    2015-01-01

    Many people continue suffering from myofascial pain syndrome (MPS) defined as a regional pain syndrome characterized by muscle pain caused by myofascial trigger points (MTrPs) clinically. Muscle spasm and block of blood circulation can be noticed in the taut bands. In the MTrP region, nociceptors can be sensitized by the peripheral inflammatory factors and contracture of fascia can also be induced. Traditional treatments of MPS include stretching therapy, thermal treatment, electrical stimulation, massage, manipulation, trigger points injection, acupuncture, and medicine. However, the pain syndrome may not be relieved even under multiple therapies. Recently, the Kinesio Taping (KT) method is popularly used in sports injuries, postoperative complications, and various pain problems, but little research is focused on MPS with KT method. In this paper, we review the research studies on the application to KT in treating MPS and other related issues. It appears that the KT application can elevate the subcutaneous space and then increase the blood circulation and lymph fluid drainage to reduce the chemical factors around the MTrP region. Therefore, it is suggested that KT method can be used as a regular treatment or added to the previous treatment for myofascial pain. PMID:26185522

  17. The Kinesio Taping Method for Myofascial Pain Control.

    PubMed

    Wu, Wei-Ting; Hong, Chang-Zern; Chou, Li-Wei

    2015-01-01

    Many people continue suffering from myofascial pain syndrome (MPS) defined as a regional pain syndrome characterized by muscle pain caused by myofascial trigger points (MTrPs) clinically. Muscle spasm and block of blood circulation can be noticed in the taut bands. In the MTrP region, nociceptors can be sensitized by the peripheral inflammatory factors and contracture of fascia can also be induced. Traditional treatments of MPS include stretching therapy, thermal treatment, electrical stimulation, massage, manipulation, trigger points injection, acupuncture, and medicine. However, the pain syndrome may not be relieved even under multiple therapies. Recently, the Kinesio Taping (KT) method is popularly used in sports injuries, postoperative complications, and various pain problems, but little research is focused on MPS with KT method. In this paper, we review the research studies on the application to KT in treating MPS and other related issues. It appears that the KT application can elevate the subcutaneous space and then increase the blood circulation and lymph fluid drainage to reduce the chemical factors around the MTrP region. Therefore, it is suggested that KT method can be used as a regular treatment or added to the previous treatment for myofascial pain. PMID:26185522

  18. Rule-based inspection of printed green ceramic tape

    SciTech Connect

    Patek, D.R.; Goddard, J.S.; Karnowski, T.; Lamond, D.; Hawkins, T.A.

    1998-01-01

    A template-based vision system for the 100% inspection of printed flaws on green ceramic tape has been developed. Design goals included a requirement for the detection of flaws as small as two thousandths of an inch on parts up to 8 by 8 inches in size. The inspection engine is a Datacube, Inc., MV200 pipeline processor. As each part is inspected, four 2K by 2K pixel quadrant images are stitched together to construct a single 4K by 4K pixel image with the aid of multiple fiducials located in each quadrant. The part fiducial locations, mask image, and punched-hole position data are generated, beforehand, from CAD designs using a defect map editor (DME), a preprocessing software package developed for the PC. The DME also generates a part ``defect map``. Each unique structure in the printed pattern is defined as an object. Objects are grouped into user-defined categories such as die pads, contact fingers, traces, and electrolysis buses. The map is used during the runtime inspection to associate each detected defect with an object group and a particular defect specification for that group. Repeat defects are optionally tracked for up to three consecutive parts.

  19. A taping method for external transmitter attachment on aquatic snakes

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Wylie, G.D.; Smith, J.J.; Amarello, M.; Casazza, M.L.

    2011-01-01

    Radio telemetry is extremely useful for studying habitat use and movements of free ranging snakes. Surgically implanting radio transmitters into the body cavity of snakes is standard practice in most studies (e.g., Reinert and Cundall 1982; Weatherhead and Blouin-Demers 2004), but this implanting method has its drawbacks. Surgery itself is risky for individual snakes because of the potential for infection or incomplete healing of the incision site. Also, transmitters that are small enough to be carried by small or slender snakes have a relatively short battery life and need to be removed or replaced often, thus requiring frequent surgeries. In rare or endangered snake species, the risk of using invasive implantation surgery may not be merited. External attachment methods are relatively non-invasive and allow removal and replacement of radio transmitters on smaller snakes. The Giant Gartersnake (Thamnophis gigas) is a semi-aquatic snake endemic to wetlands of the Central Valley of California, USA, and is federally and state listed as threatened (U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service 1999). Telemetry studies of the habitat use and movements of this species typically used surgically implanted radio transmitters, but this method is limited to larger snakes, primarily females, because of size requirements for surgery (> 250 g). To overcome difficulties and biases associated with radio telemetry of T. gigas, we developed and evaluated several alternative techniques to attach external radio transmitters using tape.

  20. Measure Guideline: Guidance on Taped Insulating Sheathing Drainage Planes

    SciTech Connect

    Grin, A.; Lstiburek, J.

    2014-09-01

    This guide provides information and recommendations to the following groups: insulation contractors; general contractors; builders; home remodelers; mechanical contractors; and homeowners, as a guide to the work that needs to be done. The order of work completed during home construction and retrofit improvements is important. Health and safety issues must be addressed first and are more important than durability issues. And durability issues are more important than saving energy. Not all techniques can apply to all houses. Special conditions will require special action. Some builders or homeowners will wish to do more than the important but basic retrofit strategies outlined by this guide. The following are best practice and product recommendations from the interviewed contractors and homebuilders who collectively have a vast amount of experience. Three significant items were discussed with the group which are required to make taped insulating sheathing a simple, long term, and durable drainage plane: 1. Horizontal joints should be limited or eliminated wherever possible; 2. Where a horizontal joint exists use superior materials; 3. Frequent installation inspection and regular trade training are required to maintain proper installation. Section 5 of this measure guideline contains the detailed construction procedure for the three recommended methods to effectively seal the joints in exterior insulating sheathing to create a simple, long term, and durable drainage plane.