Science.gov

Sample records for agency incur costs

  1. 41 CFR 102-37.115 - May a holding agency be reimbursed for costs incurred incident to a donation?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... reimbursed for costs incurred incident to a donation? 102-37.115 Section 102-37.115 Public Contracts and... REGULATION PERSONAL PROPERTY 37-DONATION OF SURPLUS PERSONAL PROPERTY Holding Agency § 102-37.115 May a holding agency be reimbursed for costs incurred incident to a donation? Yes, you, as a holding agency,...

  2. 41 CFR 102-37.115 - May a holding agency be reimbursed for costs incurred incident to a donation?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... reimbursed for costs incurred incident to a donation? 102-37.115 Section 102-37.115 Public Contracts and... REGULATION PERSONAL PROPERTY 37-DONATION OF SURPLUS PERSONAL PROPERTY Holding Agency § 102-37.115 May a holding agency be reimbursed for costs incurred incident to a donation? Yes, you, as a holding agency,...

  3. 41 CFR 102-37.115 - May a holding agency be reimbursed for costs incurred incident to a donation?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... reimbursed for costs incurred incident to a donation? 102-37.115 Section 102-37.115 Public Contracts and... REGULATION PERSONAL PROPERTY 37-DONATION OF SURPLUS PERSONAL PROPERTY Holding Agency § 102-37.115 May a holding agency be reimbursed for costs incurred incident to a donation? Yes, you, as a holding agency,...

  4. 26 CFR 1.179B-1T - Deduction for capital costs incurred in complying with Environmental Protection Agency sulfur...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... complying with Environmental Protection Agency sulfur regulations (temporary). 1.179B-1T Section 1.179B-1T... Deduction for capital costs incurred in complying with Environmental Protection Agency sulfur regulations... Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). This section also provides rules for making elections under section...

  5. 26 CFR 1.179B-1T - Deduction for capital costs incurred in complying with Environmental Protection Agency sulfur...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... complying with Environmental Protection Agency sulfur regulations (temporary). 1.179B-1T Section 1.179B-1T... Deduction for capital costs incurred in complying with Environmental Protection Agency sulfur regulations... Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). This section also provides rules for making elections under section...

  6. 26 CFR 1.179B-1T - Deduction for capital costs incurred in complying with Environmental Protection Agency sulfur...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... complying with Environmental Protection Agency sulfur regulations (temporary). 1.179B-1T Section 1.179B-1T... Deduction for capital costs incurred in complying with Environmental Protection Agency sulfur regulations... Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). This section also provides rules for making elections under section...

  7. 26 CFR 1.179B-1T - Deduction for capital costs incurred in complying with Environmental Protection Agency sulfur...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... program (40 CFR part 80, subpart I). (ii) The average daily domestic refinery run for a refinery is the... complying with Environmental Protection Agency sulfur regulations (temporary). 1.179B-1T Section 1.179B-1T... capital costs incurred in complying with Environmental Protection Agency sulfur regulations...

  8. 50 CFR 80.94 - May an agency incur costs before the beginning of the grant period?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR (CONTINUED) FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE-WILDLIFE AND SPORT FISH RESTORATION PROGRAM ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS, PITTMAN-ROBERTSON WILDLIFE RESTORATION AND DINGELL-JOHNSON SPORT FISH RESTORATION ACTS General Grant Administration § 80.94 May an agency incur costs before the beginning of...

  9. 50 CFR 80.94 - May an agency incur costs before the beginning of the grant period?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR (CONTINUED) FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE-WILDLIFE AND SPORT FISH RESTORATION PROGRAM ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS, PITTMAN-ROBERTSON WILDLIFE RESTORATION AND DINGELL-JOHNSON SPORT FISH RESTORATION ACTS General Grant Administration § 80.94 May an agency incur costs before the beginning of...

  10. 41 CFR 102-37.115 - May a holding agency be reimbursed for costs incurred incident to a donation?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false May a holding agency be reimbursed for costs incurred incident to a donation? 102-37.115 Section 102-37.115 Public Contracts and Property Management Federal Property Management Regulations System (Continued) FEDERAL...

  11. 41 CFR 102-37.115 - May a holding agency be reimbursed for costs incurred incident to a donation?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false May a holding agency be reimbursed for costs incurred incident to a donation? 102-37.115 Section 102-37.115 Public Contracts and Property Management Federal Property Management Regulations System (Continued) FEDERAL...

  12. 40 CFR 35.925-18 - Limitation upon project costs incurred prior to award.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Limitation upon project costs incurred prior to award. 35.925-18 Section 35.925-18 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GRANTS AND OTHER FEDERAL ASSISTANCE STATE AND LOCAL ASSISTANCE Grants for Construction of Treatment Works-Clean Water Act § 35.925-18...

  13. 44 CFR 208.37 - Reimbursement for equipment and supply costs incurred during Activation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Reimbursement for equipment and supply costs incurred during Activation. 208.37 Section 208.37 Emergency Management and Assistance FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY DISASTER ASSISTANCE NATIONAL...

  14. 23 CFR 1200.30 - Expiration of the right to incur costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... contractors may not incur costs for Federal reimbursement past the expiration date. ... 23 Highways 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Expiration of the right to incur costs. 1200.30 Section... HIGHWAY SAFETY PROGRAMS Closeout § 1200.30 Expiration of the right to incur costs. Unless extended...

  15. 23 CFR 1200.30 - Expiration of the right to incur costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... contractors may not incur costs for Federal reimbursement past the expiration date. ... 23 Highways 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Expiration of the right to incur costs. 1200.30 Section... HIGHWAY SAFETY PROGRAMS Closeout § 1200.30 Expiration of the right to incur costs. Unless extended...

  16. Disrupting Immune Regulation Incurs Transient Costs in Male Reproductive Function

    PubMed Central

    Belloni, Virginia; Sorci, Gabriele; Paccagnini, Eugenio; Guerreiro, Romain; Bellenger, Jérôme; Faivre, Bruno

    2014-01-01

    Background Immune protection against pathogenic organisms has been shown to incur costs. Previous studies investigating the cost of immunity have mostly focused on the metabolic requirements of immune maintenance and activation. In addition to these metabolic costs, the immune system can induce damage to the host if the immune response is mis-targeted or over-expressed. Given its non-specific nature, an over-expressed inflammatory response is often associated with substantial damage for the host. Here, we investigated the cost of an over-expressed inflammatory response in the reproductive function of male mice. Methodology/Principal Findings We experimentally blocked the receptors of an anti-inflammatory cytokine (IL-10) in male mice exposed to a mild inflammatory challenge, with each treatment having an appropriate control group. The experiment was conducted on two age classes, young (3 month old) and old (15 month old) mice, to assess any age-related difference in the cost of a disrupted immune regulation. We found that the concomitant exposure to an inflammatory insult and the blockade of IL-10 induced a reduction in testis mass, compared to the three other groups. The frequency of abnormal sperm morphology was also higher in the group of mice exposed to the inflammatory challenge but did not depend on the blockade of the IL-10. Conclusions Our results provide evidence that immune regulation confers protection against the risk of inflammation-induced infertility during infection. They also suggest that disruption of the effectors involved in the regulation of the inflammatory response can have serious fitness consequences even under mild inflammatory insult and benign environmental conditions. PMID:24400103

  17. The Cost of Prestige: Do New Research I Universities Incur Higher Administrative Costs?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morphew, Christopher C.; Baker, Bruce D.

    2004-01-01

    The authors construct and respond to several questions about changing administrative costs for new Research I Universities, a group of institutions that might be expected to incur new costs as a result of their new status. Using IPEDS data, the study provides mixed support for the claim that universities reaching the pinnacle of research…

  18. 40 CFR 35.925-18 - Limitation upon project costs incurred prior to award.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Limitation upon project costs incurred...-Clean Water Act § 35.925-18 Limitation upon project costs incurred prior to award. That project... authorized for step 1 or step 2 project work performed before award of a step 1 or step 2 grant....

  19. 44 CFR 208.38 - Reimbursement for re-supply and logistics costs incurred during Activation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Reimbursement for re-supply and logistics costs incurred during Activation. 208.38 Section 208.38 Emergency Management and...-supply and logistics costs incurred during Activation. With the exception of emergency...

  20. 48 CFR 9904.402 - Cost accounting standard-consistency in allocating costs incurred for the same purpose.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Cost accounting standard-consistency in allocating costs incurred for the same purpose. 9904.402 Section 9904.402 Federal Acquisition Regulations System COST ACCOUNTING STANDARDS BOARD, OFFICE OF FEDERAL PROCUREMENT POLICY, OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT AND BUDGET...

  1. 48 CFR 9905.502 - Cost accounting standard-consistency in allocating costs incurred for the same purpose by...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Cost accounting standard-consistency in allocating costs incurred for the same purpose by educational institutions. 9905.502 Section 9905.502 Federal Acquisition Regulations System COST ACCOUNTING STANDARDS BOARD, OFFICE OF...

  2. 44 CFR 208.38 - Reimbursement for re-supply and logistics costs incurred during Activation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Reimbursement for re-supply... URBAN SEARCH AND RESCUE RESPONSE SYSTEM Response Cooperative Agreements § 208.38 Reimbursement for re... this subpart, DHS will not reimburse costs incurred for re-supply and logistical support...

  3. 23 CFR 1200.30 - Expiration of the right to incur costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Expiration of the right to incur costs. 1200.30 Section 1200.30 Highways NATIONAL HIGHWAY TRAFFIC SAFETY ADMINISTRATION AND FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION PROCEDURES FOR STATE HIGHWAY SAFETY PROGRAMS UNIFORM PROCEDURES FOR STATE HIGHWAY SAFETY PROGRAMS Closeout §...

  4. 40 CFR 35.4080 - Does my group get a lump sum up front, or does EPA reimburse us for costs we incur?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Does my group get a lump sum up front, or does EPA reimburse us for costs we incur? 35.4080 Section 35.4080 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GRANTS AND OTHER FEDERAL ASSISTANCE STATE AND LOCAL ASSISTANCE Grants for Technical Assistance How You Get the Money...

  5. 40 CFR 35.4080 - Does my group get a lump sum up front, or does EPA reimburse us for costs we incur?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Does my group get a lump sum up front, or does EPA reimburse us for costs we incur? 35.4080 Section 35.4080 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GRANTS AND OTHER FEDERAL ASSISTANCE STATE AND LOCAL ASSISTANCE Grants for Technical Assistance How You Get the Money...

  6. 40 CFR 35.4080 - Does my group get a lump sum up front, or does EPA reimburse us for costs we incur?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Does my group get a lump sum up front, or does EPA reimburse us for costs we incur? 35.4080 Section 35.4080 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GRANTS AND OTHER FEDERAL ASSISTANCE STATE AND LOCAL ASSISTANCE Grants for Technical Assistance How You Get the Money...

  7. 25 CFR 170.602 - If a tribe incurs unforeseen construction costs, can it get additional funds?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... sufficient additional funds are awarded. (See 25 CFR 900.130(e).) Miscellaneous Provisions ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false If a tribe incurs unforeseen construction costs, can it... Funding Process § 170.602 If a tribe incurs unforeseen construction costs, can it get additional...

  8. 25 CFR 170.602 - If a tribe incurs unforeseen construction costs, can it get additional funds?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... sufficient additional funds are awarded. (See 25 CFR 900.130(e).) Miscellaneous Provisions ... 25 Indians 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false If a tribe incurs unforeseen construction costs, can it... Funding Process § 170.602 If a tribe incurs unforeseen construction costs, can it get additional...

  9. Economic costs incurred by households in the 2011 Greater Bangkok flood

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nabangchang, Orapan; Allaire, Maura; Leangcharoen, Prinyarat; Jarungrattanapong, Rawadee; Whittington, Dale

    2015-01-01

    This paper presents the first comprehensive estimates of the economic costs experienced by households in the 2011 Greater Bangkok flood. More generally, it contributes to the literature by presenting the first estimates of flood costs based on primary data collected from respondents of flooded homes using in-person interviews. Two rounds of interviews were conducted with 469 households in three of the most heavily affected districts of greater Bangkok. The estimates of economic costs include preventative costs, ex post losses, compensation received, and any new income generated during the flood. Median household economic costs were US3089, equivalent to about half of annual household expenditures (mean costs were US5261). Perhaps surprisingly given the depth and duration of the flood, most houses incurred little structural damage (although furniture, appliances, and cars were damaged). Median economic costs to poor and nonpoor households were similar as a percentage of annual household expenditures (53% and 48%, respectively). Compensation payments received from government did little to reduce the total economic losses of the vast majority of households. Two flood-related deaths were reported in our sample—both in low-income neighborhoods. Overall, ex post damage was the largest component of flood costs (66% of total). These findings are new, important inputs for the evaluation of flood control mitigation and preventive measures that are now under consideration by the Government of Thailand. The paper also illustrates how detailed microeconomic data on household costs can be collected and summarized for policy purposes.

  10. 7 CFR 755.5 - Proof of eligible reimbursement costs incurred.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Section 755.5 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FARM SERVICE AGENCY...) Commodity and unit of measure; (3) Type of input(s) associated with transportation costs; (4) Date(s) of... transportation of each commodity or input. Such documentation must: (1) Show transportation costs for...

  11. [The campaign against AIDS and the costs incurred by various forms of management].

    PubMed

    Bez, G

    1990-11-01

    It is not easy to identify these costs. One must start by setting out the data of the whole health system, either in hospitals or privately. Furthermore, the statistical disposition is purely administrative, not epidemiological. No budget has been set aside for pathology. However, the total health costs involved are estimated at 2.2 billion francs for 1990. A 27% increase of costs brings the total to 2.7 billion in 1991. This figure represents 1.2% of the overall sum allocated to French hospitals. Local medical care by physicians in town will include expenses of 200 MF in 1991, or 7% of the total sanitary budget. The bulk of these expenses go to hospital care for chronic cases, also strategically important are the outpatients, whose costs accounts for only 15-20% of the total. Various medical expenses form an impressionable part of these costs. At the heart of these expenses is the cost related to the use of antivirals. The bill for 1990 was particularly high: 190 millions of francs. These expenses equal to those incurred by local medical care. Numerous productive steps have been taken by French hospitals in the last 3 years, enabling significant cost control, particularly in operational management. Today they are more selective, less expensive and less frequent. Due to a broadening number of charges to be paid in advance, the continuing increase of expenses remains a worry, as for the availability and costs of putting new molecules on the market. Without a strong liaison between doctors and managers, there can be no compromise in the improvement of medical care and the research for financial stability. PMID:2128824

  12. The Charlson Comorbidity Index Can Be Used Prospectively to Identify Patients Who Will Incur High Future Costs

    PubMed Central

    Charlson, Mary; Wells, Martin T.; Ullman, Ralph; King, Fionnuala; Shmukler, Celia

    2014-01-01

    Background Reducing health care costs requires the ability to identify patients most likely to incur high costs. Our objective was to evaluate the ability of the Charlson comorbidity score to predict the individuals who would incur high costs in the subsequent year and to contrast its predictive ability with other commonly used predictors. Methods We contrasted the prior year Charlson comorbidity index, costs, Diagnostic Cost Group (DCG) and hospitalization as predictors of subsequent year costs from claims data of fund that provides comprehensive health benefits to a large union of health care workers. Total costs in the subsequent year was the principal outcome. Results Of the 181,764 predominantly Black and Latino beneficiaries, 70% were adults (mean age 45.7 years; 62% women). As the comorbidity index increased, total yearly costs increased significantly (P<.001). At lower comorbidity, the costs were similar across different chronic diseases. Using regression to predict total costs, top 5th and 10th percentile of costs, the comorbidity index, prior costs and DCG achieved almost identical explained variance in both adults and children. Conclusions and Relevance The comorbidity index predicted health costs in the subsequent year, performing as well as prior cost and DCG in identifying those in the top 5% or 10%. The comorbidity index can be used prospectively to identify patients who are likely to incur high costs. Trial Registration ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01761253 PMID:25469987

  13. 25 CFR 170.602 - If a tribe incurs unforeseen construction costs, can it get additional funds?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... Funding Process § 170.602 If a tribe incurs unforeseen construction costs, can it get additional funds... circumstances of the construction process (i.e., cost overruns). If the Secretary is unable to fund the... sufficient additional funds are awarded. (See 25 CFR 900.130(e).) Miscellaneous Provisions...

  14. 25 CFR 170.602 - If a tribe incurs unforeseen construction costs, can it get additional funds?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... Funding Process § 170.602 If a tribe incurs unforeseen construction costs, can it get additional funds... circumstances of the construction process (i.e., cost overruns). If the Secretary is unable to fund the... sufficient additional funds are awarded. (See 25 CFR 900.130(e).) Miscellaneous Provisions...

  15. 10 CFR 765.30 - Reimbursement of costs incurred in accordance with a plan for subsequent remedial action.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Reimbursement of costs incurred in accordance with a plan for subsequent remedial action. 765.30 Section 765.30 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY REIMBURSEMENT FOR COSTS OF REMEDIAL ACTION AT ACTIVE URANIUM AND THORIUM PROCESSING SITES Additional...

  16. 10 CFR 765.30 - Reimbursement of costs incurred in accordance with a plan for subsequent remedial action.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Reimbursement of costs incurred in accordance with a plan for subsequent remedial action. 765.30 Section 765.30 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY REIMBURSEMENT FOR COSTS OF REMEDIAL ACTION AT ACTIVE URANIUM AND THORIUM PROCESSING SITES Additional...

  17. 10 CFR 765.30 - Reimbursement of costs incurred in accordance with a plan for subsequent remedial action.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Reimbursement of costs incurred in accordance with a plan for subsequent remedial action. 765.30 Section 765.30 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY REIMBURSEMENT FOR COSTS OF REMEDIAL ACTION AT ACTIVE URANIUM AND THORIUM PROCESSING SITES Additional...

  18. 10 CFR 765.30 - Reimbursement of costs incurred in accordance with a plan for subsequent remedial action.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Reimbursement of costs incurred in accordance with a plan for subsequent remedial action. 765.30 Section 765.30 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY REIMBURSEMENT FOR COSTS OF REMEDIAL ACTION AT ACTIVE URANIUM AND THORIUM PROCESSING SITES Additional...

  19. 10 CFR 765.30 - Reimbursement of costs incurred in accordance with a plan for subsequent remedial action.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Reimbursement of costs incurred in accordance with a plan for subsequent remedial action. 765.30 Section 765.30 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY REIMBURSEMENT FOR COSTS OF REMEDIAL ACTION AT ACTIVE URANIUM AND THORIUM PROCESSING SITES Additional...

  20. 30 CFR 1229.109 - Reimbursement for costs incurred by a State under the delegation of authority.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Reimbursement for costs incurred by a State under the delegation of authority. 1229.109 Section 1229.109 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF NATURAL RESOURCES REVENUE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR NATURAL RESOURCES REVENUE DELEGATION TO STATES Oil and Gas, Onshore Administration of Delegations §...

  1. Patients With High Mental Health Costs Incur Over 30 Percent More Costs Than Other High-Cost Patients.

    PubMed

    de Oliveira, Claire; Cheng, Joyce; Vigod, Simone; Rehm, Jürgen; Kurdyak, Paul

    2016-01-01

    A small proportion of health care users, called high-cost patients, account for a disproportionately large share of health care costs. Most literature on these patients has focused on the entire population. However, high-cost patients whose use of mental health care services is substantial are likely to differ from other members of the population. We defined a mental health high-cost patient as someone for whom mental health-related services accounted for at least 50 percent of total health care costs. We examined these patients' health care utilization and costs in Ontario, Canada. We found that their average cost for health care, in 2012 Canadian dollars, was $31,611. In contrast, the cost was $23,681 for other high-cost patients. Mental health high-cost patients were younger, lived in poorer neighborhoods, and had different health care utilization patterns, compared to other high-cost patients. These findings should be considered when implementing policies or interventions to address quality of care for mental health patients so as to ensure that mental health high-cost patients receive appropriate care in a cost-effective manner. Furthermore, efforts to manage mental health patients' health care use should address their complex profile through integrated multidisciplinary health care delivery. PMID:26733699

  2. Costs incurred by applying computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing techniques for the reconstruction of maxillofacial defects.

    PubMed

    Rustemeyer, Jan; Melenberg, Alex; Sari-Rieger, Aynur

    2014-12-01

    This study aims to evaluate the additional costs incurred by using a computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) technique for reconstructing maxillofacial defects by analyzing typical cases. The medical charts of 11 consecutive patients who were subjected to the CAD/CAM technique were considered, and invoices from the companies providing the CAD/CAM devices were reviewed for every case. The number of devices used was significantly correlated with cost (r = 0.880; p < 0.001). Significant differences in mean costs were found between cases in which prebent reconstruction plates were used (€3346.00 ± €29.00) and cases in which they were not (€2534.22 ± €264.48; p < 0.001). Significant differences were also obtained between the costs of two, three and four devices, even when ignoring the cost of reconstruction plates. Additional fees provided by statutory health insurance covered a mean of 171.5% ± 25.6% of the cost of the CAD/CAM devices. Since the additional fees provide financial compensation, we believe that the CAD/CAM technique is suited for wide application and not restricted to complex cases. Where additional fees/funds are not available, the CAD/CAM technique might be unprofitable, so the decision whether or not to use it remains a case-to-case decision with respect to cost versus benefit. PMID:25459375

  3. Employer-incurred health care costs and productivity losses associated with influenza

    PubMed Central

    Karve, Sudeep; Misurski, Derek A.; Meier, Genevieve; Davis, Keith L.

    2013-01-01

    The primary objective of this study was to assess trends in employer expenditures for both direct medical costs and indirect productivity losses associated with influenza. A retrospective analysis was performed using two of the MarketScan family of databases for 2005–2009. Patients with at least one diagnosis claim for influenza during an influenza season were selected. We estimated seasonal incidence of influenza in the employed population from the MarketScan Commercial Claims and Encounters database. Health care utilization and costs and productivity losses were assessed during the 21-d period following the influenza diagnosis date. Compared with the 2005–2006 season (493 per 100,000 plan members), influenza incidence increased during the 2006–2007 (598 per 100,000 plan members) and 2007–2008 (1,142 per 100,000 plan members) seasons and had a dramatic increase during the pandemic season of 2008–2009 (1,715 per 100,000 plan members) . The total influenza-related employer spending per 100,000 plan members also increased by over 400% during the 2008–2009 influenza season [$623,248; confidence interval (CI]):$601,518-$644,991], compared with 2005–2006 ($145,834; 95% CI: $135,067-$156,603). The primary drivers of the increased costs were emergency room, outpatient and inpatient visits. Total costs associated with influenza-related missed work time per 100,000 plan members increased over 4-fold from $26,479 in the 2005–2006 influenza season to $122,811 in 2008–2009. Overall, as expected, considerably higher direct and indirect costs were observed during the 2008–2009 influenza pandemic season than during other influenza seasons. In recent years, the influenza-related employer burden has increased considerably. In future, employers may need efficient resource allocation in order to address the productivity losses and increasing direct medical costs associated with increased influenza incidence. One of the strategies that employers may consider is

  4. 48 CFR 9904.402 - Cost accounting standard-consistency in allocating costs incurred for the same purpose.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... Regulations System COST ACCOUNTING STANDARDS BOARD, OFFICE OF FEDERAL PROCUREMENT POLICY, OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT AND BUDGET PROCUREMENT PRACTICES AND COST ACCOUNTING STANDARDS COST ACCOUNTING STANDARDS 9904.402 Cost... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 7 2013-10-01 2012-10-01 true Cost accounting...

  5. 48 CFR 9905.502 - Cost accounting standard-consistency in allocating costs incurred for the same purpose by...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 9905.502 Federal Acquisition Regulations System COST ACCOUNTING STANDARDS BOARD, OFFICE OF FEDERAL PROCUREMENT POLICY, OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT AND BUDGET PROCUREMENT PRACTICES AND COST ACCOUNTING STANDARDS COST... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 7 2013-10-01 2012-10-01 true Cost accounting...

  6. 48 CFR 9904.402 - Cost accounting standard-consistency in allocating costs incurred for the same purpose.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 7 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Cost accounting standard... Regulations System COST ACCOUNTING STANDARDS BOARD, OFFICE OF FEDERAL PROCUREMENT POLICY, OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT AND BUDGET PROCUREMENT PRACTICES AND COST ACCOUNTING STANDARDS COST ACCOUNTING STANDARDS 9904.402...

  7. 48 CFR 9904.402 - Cost accounting standard-consistency in allocating costs incurred for the same purpose.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 7 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Cost accounting standard... Regulations System COST ACCOUNTING STANDARDS BOARD, OFFICE OF FEDERAL PROCUREMENT POLICY, OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT AND BUDGET PROCUREMENT PRACTICES AND COST ACCOUNTING STANDARDS COST ACCOUNTING STANDARDS 9904.402...

  8. A risk-reduction approach for optimal software release time determination with the delay incurred cost

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Peng, Rui; Li, Yan-Fu; Zhang, Jun-Guang; Li, Xiang

    2015-07-01

    Most existing research on software release time determination assumes that parameters of the software reliability model (SRM) are deterministic and the reliability estimate is accurate. In practice, however, there exists a risk that the reliability requirement cannot be guaranteed due to the parameter uncertainties in the SRM, and such risk can be as high as 50% when the mean value is used. It is necessary for the software project managers to reduce the risk to a lower level by delaying the software release, which inevitably increases the software testing costs. In order to incorporate the managers' preferences over these two factors, a decision model based on multi-attribute utility theory (MAUT) is developed for the determination of optimal risk-reduction release time.

  9. 48 CFR 9905.502 - Cost accounting standard-consistency in allocating costs incurred for the same purpose by...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 7 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Cost accounting standard... 9905.502 Federal Acquisition Regulations System COST ACCOUNTING STANDARDS BOARD, OFFICE OF FEDERAL PROCUREMENT POLICY, OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT AND BUDGET PROCUREMENT PRACTICES AND COST ACCOUNTING STANDARDS...

  10. 48 CFR 9905.502 - Cost accounting standard-consistency in allocating costs incurred for the same purpose by...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 7 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Cost accounting standard... 9905.502 Federal Acquisition Regulations System COST ACCOUNTING STANDARDS BOARD, OFFICE OF FEDERAL PROCUREMENT POLICY, OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT AND BUDGET PROCUREMENT PRACTICES AND COST ACCOUNTING STANDARDS...

  11. 50 CFR 80.93 - When may an agency incur costs under a grant?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... THE INTERIOR (CONTINUED) FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE-WILDLIFE SPORT FISH RESTORATION PROGRAM ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS, PITTMAN-ROBERTSON WILDLIFE RESTORATION AND DINGELL-JOHNSON SPORT FISH RESTORATION ACTS...

  12. 50 CFR 80.93 - When may an agency incur costs under a grant?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... THE INTERIOR (CONTINUED) FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE-WILDLIFE SPORT FISH RESTORATION PROGRAM ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS, PITTMAN-ROBERTSON WILDLIFE RESTORATION AND DINGELL-JOHNSON SPORT FISH RESTORATION ACTS...

  13. 42 CFR 412.105 - Special treatment: Hospitals that incur indirect costs for graduate medical education programs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...: For Federal Register citations affecting § 412.105, see the List of CFR Sections Affected, which... 42 Public Health 2 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Special treatment: Hospitals that incur indirect... SYSTEMS FOR INPATIENT HOSPITAL SERVICES Special Treatment of Certain Facilities Under the...

  14. 2 CFR 200.19 - Cognizant agency for indirect costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 2 Grants and Agreements 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Cognizant agency for indirect costs. 200.19... for indirect costs. Cognizant agency for indirect costs means the Federal agency responsible for reviewing, negotiating, and approving cost allocation plans or indirect cost proposals developed under...

  15. 25 CFR 171.555 - What additional costs will I incur if I am granted a Payment Plan?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... following costs: (a) An administrative fee to process your Payment Plan, as required by 31 CFR 901.9. (b... AND WATER IRRIGATION OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE Financial Matters: Assessments, Billing,...

  16. 25 CFR 171.555 - What additional costs will I incur if I am granted a Payment Plan?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... following costs: (a) An administrative fee to process your Payment Plan, as required by 31 CFR 901.9. (b... AND WATER IRRIGATION OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE Financial Matters: Assessments, Billing,...

  17. 25 CFR 171.555 - What additional costs will I incur if I am granted a Payment Plan?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... following costs: (a) An administrative fee to process your Payment Plan, as required by 31 CFR 901.9. (b... AND WATER IRRIGATION OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE Financial Matters: Assessments, Billing,...

  18. 30 CFR 1229.109 - Reimbursement for costs incurred by a State under the delegation of authority.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... RESOURCES REVENUE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR NATURAL RESOURCES REVENUE DELEGATION TO STATES Oil and Gas... of the direct cost associated with the activities undertaken under the delegation of authority....

  19. 30 CFR 1229.109 - Reimbursement for costs incurred by a State under the delegation of authority.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Natural Resources Revenue DELEGATION TO STATES Oil and... for 100 percent of the direct cost associated with the activities undertaken under the delegation...

  20. 30 CFR 1229.109 - Reimbursement for costs incurred by a State under the delegation of authority.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... RESOURCES REVENUE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR NATURAL RESOURCES REVENUE DELEGATION TO STATES Oil and Gas... of the direct cost associated with the activities undertaken under the delegation of authority....

  1. 25 CFR 171.555 - What additional costs will I incur if I am granted a Payment Plan?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... following costs: (a) An administrative fee to process your Payment Plan, as required by 31 CFR 901.9. (b... AND WATER IRRIGATION OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE Financial Matters: Assessments, Billing,...

  2. Cost Effectiveness of Personalized Therapy for First-Line Treatment of Stage IV and Recurrent Incurable Adenocarcinoma of the Lung

    PubMed Central

    Handorf, Elizabeth A.; McElligott, Sean; Vachani, Anil; Langer, Corey J.; Bristol Demeter, Mirar; Armstrong, Katrina; Asch, David A.

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: Patients with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation–positive stage IV adenocarcinoma have improved survival with tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) treatments, but the cost effectiveness of personalized first-line therapy using EGFR mutation testing is unknown. Methods: We created a decision analytic model comparing the costs and effects of platinum combination chemotherapy with personalized therapy in which patients with EGFR mutation–positive tumors were treated with erlotinib. We used two testing strategies: testing only those with tissue available and performing a repeat biopsy if tissue was not available versus three nontargeted chemotherapy regimens (ie, carboplatin and paclitaxel; carboplatin and pemetrexed; and carboplatin, pemetrexed, and bevacizumab). Results: Compared with a carboplatin plus paclitaxel regimen, targeted therapy based on testing available tissue yielded an incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER) of $110,644 per quality-adjusted life year (QALY), and the rebiopsy strategy yielded an ICER of $122,219 per QALY. Probabilistic sensitivity analysis revealed substantial uncertainty around these point estimates. With a willingness to pay of $100,000 per QALY, the testing strategy was cost effective 58% of the time, and the rebiopsy strategy was cost effective 54% of the time. Personalized therapy with an EGFR TKI was more favorable when the nontargeted chemotherapy regimen was more expensive. Compared with carboplatin, pemetrexed, and bevacizumab, ICERs were $25,547 per QALY for the testing strategy and $44,036 per QALY for the rebiopsy strategy. Conclusion: Although specific clinical circumstances should guide therapy, our cost-effectiveness analysis supports the strategy of testing for EGFR mutations in patients with stage IV or recurrent adenocarcinoma of the lung, rebiopsying patients if insufficient tissue is available for testing, and treating patients with EGFR mutations with erlotinib as first-line therapy. PMID

  3. Hospitalizations and Costs Incurred at the Facility Level after Scale-up of Malaria Control: Pre-Post Comparisons from Two Hospitals in Zambia

    PubMed Central

    Comfort, Alison B.; van Dijk, Janneke H.; Mharakurwa, Sungano; Stillman, Kathryn; Gabert, Rose; Korde, Sonali; Nachbar, Nancy; Derriennic, Yann; Musau, Stephen; Hamazakaza, Petan; Zyambo, Khozya D.; Zyongwe, Nancy M.; Hamainza, Busiku; Thuma, Philip E.

    2014-01-01

    There is little evidence on the impact of malaria control on the health system, particularly at the facility level. Using retrospective, longitudinal facility-level and patient record data from two hospitals in Zambia, we report a pre-post comparison of hospital admissions and outpatient visits for malaria and estimated costs incurred for malaria admissions before and after malaria control scale-up. The results show a substantial reduction in inpatient admissions and outpatient visits for malaria at both hospitals after the scale-up, and malaria cases accounted for a smaller proportion of total hospital visits over time. Hospital spending on malaria admissions also decreased. In one hospital, malaria accounted for 11% of total hospital spending before large-scale malaria control compared with < 1% after malaria control. The findings demonstrate that facility-level resources are freed up as malaria is controlled, potentially making these resources available for other diseases and conditions. PMID:24218409

  4. Hospitalizations and costs incurred at the facility level after scale-up of malaria control: pre-post comparisons from two hospitals in Zambia.

    PubMed

    Comfort, Alison B; van Dijk, Janneke H; Mharakurwa, Sungano; Stillman, Kathryn; Gabert, Rose; Korde, Sonali; Nachbar, Nancy; Derriennic, Yann; Musau, Stephen; Hamazakaza, Petan; Zyambo, Khozya D; Zyongwe, Nancy M; Hamainza, Busiku; Thuma, Philip E

    2014-01-01

    There is little evidence on the impact of malaria control on the health system, particularly at the facility level. Using retrospective, longitudinal facility-level and patient record data from two hospitals in Zambia, we report a pre-post comparison of hospital admissions and outpatient visits for malaria and estimated costs incurred for malaria admissions before and after malaria control scale-up. The results show a substantial reduction in inpatient admissions and outpatient visits for malaria at both hospitals after the scale-up, and malaria cases accounted for a smaller proportion of total hospital visits over time. Hospital spending on malaria admissions also decreased. In one hospital, malaria accounted for 11% of total hospital spending before large-scale malaria control compared with < 1% after malaria control. The findings demonstrate that facility-level resources are freed up as malaria is controlled, potentially making these resources available for other diseases and conditions. PMID:24218409

  5. 75 FR 57284 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Cost Submission

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-20

    ... SECURITY U.S. Customs and Border Protection Agency Information Collection Activities: Cost Submission... other Federal agencies to comment on an information collection requirement concerning: Cost Submission... forms of information technology; and (e) the annual costs burden to respondents or record keepers...

  6. 75 FR 76022 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Cost Submission

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-07

    ... published in the Federal Register (75 FR 57284) on September 20, 2010, allowing for a 60-day comment period... SECURITY Customs and Border Protection Agency Information Collection Activities: Cost Submission AGENCY: U... approval in accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act: Cost Submission (CBP Form 247). This is a...

  7. 24 CFR 578.41 - Unified Funding Agency costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 3 2014-04-01 2013-04-01 true Unified Funding Agency costs. 578.41 Section 578.41 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development... § 578.41 Unified Funding Agency costs. (a) In general. UFAs may use up to 3 percent of their FPRN, or...

  8. Commercial agencies and surrogate motherhood: a transaction cost approach.

    PubMed

    Galbraith, Mhairi; McLachlan, Hugh V; Swales, J Kim

    2005-03-01

    In this paper we investigate the legal arrangements involved in UK surrogate motherhood from a transaction-cost perspective. We outline the specific forms the transaction costs take and critically comment on the way in which the UK institutional and organisational arrangements at present adversely influence transaction costs. We then focus specifically on the potential role of surrogacy agencies and look at UK and US evidence on commercial and voluntary agencies. Policy implications follow. PMID:15889679

  9. 26 CFR 1.179B-1T - Deduction for capital costs incurred in complying with Environmental Protection Agency sulfur...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... control program (40 CFR part 80, subpart I). (ii) The average daily domestic refinery run for a refinery is the lesser of— (A) The total amount of crude oil input (in barrels) to the refinery's...

  10. 50 CFR 80.94 - May an agency incur costs before the beginning of the grant period?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR (CONTINUED) FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE-WILDLIFE SPORT FISH RESTORATION PROGRAM ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS, PITTMAN-ROBERTSON WILDLIFE RESTORATION AND DINGELL-JOHNSON SPORT...

  11. 50 CFR 80.94 - May an agency incur costs before the beginning of the grant period?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR (CONTINUED) FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE-WILDLIFE SPORT FISH RESTORATION PROGRAM ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS, PITTMAN-ROBERTSON WILDLIFE RESTORATION AND DINGELL-JOHNSON SPORT...

  12. Elderly Taiwanese who spend more on fruits and vegetables and less on animal-derived foods use less medical services and incur lower medical costs.

    PubMed

    Lo, Yuan-Ting C; Wahlqvist, Mark L; Huang, Yi-Chen; Lee, Meei-Shyuan

    2016-03-14

    A higher intake of fruits and vegetables (F&V) compared with animal-derived foods is associated with lower risks of all-cause-, cancer- and CVD-related mortalities. However, the association between consumption patterns and medical costs remains unclear. The effects of various food group costs on medical service utilisation and costs were investigated. The study cohort was recruited through the Elderly Nutrition and Health Survey in Taiwan between 1999 and 2000 and followed-up for 8 years until 2006. It comprised free-living elderly participants who provided a 24-h dietary recall. Daily energy-adjusted food group costs were estimated. Annual medical service utilisation and costs for 1445 participants aged 65-79 years were calculated from the National Health Insurance claim data. Generalised linear models were used to appraise the associations between the food group costs and medical service utilisation and costs. Older adults with the highest F&V cost tertile had significantly fewer hospital days (30%) and total medical costs (19%), whereas those in the highest animal-derived group had a higher number of hospital days (28%) and costs (83%) as well as total medical costs (38%). Participants in the high F&V and low animal-derived cost groups had the shortest annual hospitalisation stays (5·78 d) and lowest costs (NT$38,600) as well as the lowest total medical costs (NT$75,800), a mean annual saving of NT$45 200/person. Older adults who spend more on F&V and less on animal-derived foods have a reduced medical-care system burden. This provides opportunities for nutritionally related healthcare system investment strategies. PMID:26786998

  13. Energy life cycle cost analysis: Guidelines for public agencies

    SciTech Connect

    1995-03-01

    The State of Washington encourages energy-efficient building designs for public agencies. The Washington State Energy Office (WSEO) supports this goal by identifying advances in building technology and sharing this information with the design community and public administrators responsible for major construction projects. Many proven technologies can reduce operating costs-and save energy-to an extent that justifies some increases in construction costs. WSEO prepared these Energy Life Cycle Cost Analysis (ELCCA) guidelines for the individuals who are responsible for preparing ELCCA submittals for public buildings. Key terms and abbreviations are provided in Appendix A. Chapters 1 and 2 serve as an overview-providing background, defining energy life cycle cost analysis, explaining which agencies and projects are affected by the ELCCA requirements, and identifying changes to the guidelines that have been made since 1990. They explain {open_quotes}what needs to happen{close_quotes} and {open_quotes}why it needs to happen.{close_quotes} Chapters 3 to 7 provide the {open_quotes}how to,{close_quotes} the instructions and forms needed to prepare ELCCA submittals.

  14. 78 FR 60173 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Allowability of Legal Costs for Whistleblower Proceedings

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-30

    ... Federal Acquisition Regulation; Allowability of Legal Costs for Whistleblower Proceedings AGENCY... (NDAA) for Fiscal Year (FY) 2013 that addresses the allowability of legal costs incurred by a contractor..., Proceeding costs not allowable, to address the allowability of legal costs incurred by a contractor...

  15. Exposure to naturally circulating androgens during foetal life incurs direct reproductive costs in female spotted hyenas, but is prerequisite for male mating.

    PubMed Central

    Drea, C M; Place, N J; Weldele, M L; Coscia, E M; Licht, P; Glickman, S E

    2002-01-01

    Among all extant mammals, only the female spotted hyena (Crocuta crocuta) mates and gives birth through the tip of a peniform clitoris. Clitoral morphology is modulated by foetal exposure to endogenous, maternal androgens. First births through this organ are prolonged and remarkably difficult, often causing death in neonates. Additionally, mating poses a mechanical challenge for males, as they must reach an anterior position on the female's abdomen and then achieve entry at the site of the retracted clitoris. Here, we report that interfering with the actions of androgens prenatally permanently modifies hyena urogenital anatomy, facilitating subsequent parturition in nulliparous females who, thereby, produce live cubs. By contrast, comparable, permanent anatomical changes in males probably preclude reproduction, as exposure to prenatal anti-androgens produces a penis that is too short and has the wrong shape necessary for insertion during copulation. These data demonstrate that the reproductive costs of clitoral delivery result from exposure of the female foetus to naturally circulating androgens. Moreover, the same androgens that render an extremely unusual and laborious process even more reproductively costly in the female are apparently essential to the male's physical ability to reproduce with a normally masculinized female. PMID:12396496

  16. Indirect Costs of Federally Financed Projects

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Simmons, William

    1970-01-01

    Describes how indirect costs, which have been incurred by a school district or an educational agency to support Federally financed projects, may be reimbursed in accordance with 1969 amendments to the ESEA. (JF)

  17. 29 CFR 102.171 - Cost shifting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Cost shifting. 102.171 Section 102.171 Labor Regulations... By Federal Income Tax Refund Offset § 102.171 Cost shifting. Costs incurred by the Agency in... amount of the offset. Such costs may include administrative costs and attorneys fees....

  18. 29 CFR 102.165 - Cost shifting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Cost shifting. 102.165 Section 102.165 Labor Regulations... by Administrative Offset § 102.165 Cost shifting. Costs incurred by the Agency in connection with... offset. Such costs may include administrative costs and attorneys fees....

  19. 29 CFR 102.165 - Cost shifting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Cost shifting. 102.165 Section 102.165 Labor Regulations... by Administrative Offset § 102.165 Cost shifting. Costs incurred by the Agency in connection with... offset. Such costs may include administrative costs and attorneys fees....

  20. 29 CFR 102.165 - Cost shifting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Cost shifting. 102.165 Section 102.165 Labor Regulations... by Administrative Offset § 102.165 Cost shifting. Costs incurred by the Agency in connection with... offset. Such costs may include administrative costs and attorneys fees....

  1. 29 CFR 102.165 - Cost shifting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Cost shifting. 102.165 Section 102.165 Labor Regulations... by Administrative Offset § 102.165 Cost shifting. Costs incurred by the Agency in connection with... offset. Such costs may include administrative costs and attorneys fees....

  2. 29 CFR 102.171 - Cost shifting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Cost shifting. 102.171 Section 102.171 Labor Regulations... By Federal Income Tax Refund Offset § 102.171 Cost shifting. Costs incurred by the Agency in... amount of the offset. Such costs may include administrative costs and attorneys fees....

  3. 29 CFR 102.171 - Cost shifting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Cost shifting. 102.171 Section 102.171 Labor Regulations... By Federal Income Tax Refund Offset § 102.171 Cost shifting. Costs incurred by the Agency in... amount of the offset. Such costs may include administrative costs and attorneys fees....

  4. 29 CFR 102.171 - Cost shifting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Cost shifting. 102.171 Section 102.171 Labor Regulations... By Federal Income Tax Refund Offset § 102.171 Cost shifting. Costs incurred by the Agency in... amount of the offset. Such costs may include administrative costs and attorneys fees....

  5. Sensory Load Incurs Conceptual Processing Costs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vermeulen, Nicolas; Corneille, Olivier; Niedenthal, Paula M.

    2008-01-01

    Theories of grounded cognition propose that modal simulations underlie cognitive representation of concepts [Barsalou, L. W. (1999). "Perceptual symbol systems." "Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 22"(4), 577-660; Barsalou, L. W. (2008). "Grounded cognition." "Annual Review of Psychology, 59", 617-645]. Based on recent evidence of modality-specific…

  6. 50 CFR 80.64 - How does an agency allocate costs in multipurpose projects and facilities?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... RESTORATION PROGRAM ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS, PITTMAN-ROBERTSON WILDLIFE RESTORATION AND DINGELL-JOHNSON SPORT FISH RESTORATION ACTS Allocation of Funds by an Agency § 80.64 How does an agency allocate costs... project or facility. The agency must describe the method used to allocate costs in multipurpose...

  7. 50 CFR 80.64 - How does an agency allocate costs in multipurpose projects and facilities?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... RESTORATION PROGRAM ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS, PITTMAN-ROBERTSON WILDLIFE RESTORATION AND DINGELL-JOHNSON SPORT FISH RESTORATION ACTS Allocation of Funds by an Agency § 80.64 How does an agency allocate costs... project or facility. The agency must describe the method used to allocate costs in multipurpose...

  8. 50 CFR 80.64 - How does an agency allocate costs in multipurpose projects and facilities?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... RESTORATION PROGRAM ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS, PITTMAN-ROBERTSON WILDLIFE RESTORATION AND DINGELL-JOHNSON SPORT FISH RESTORATION ACTS Allocation of Funds by an Agency § 80.64 How does an agency allocate costs... project or facility. The agency must describe the method used to allocate costs in multipurpose...

  9. 50 CFR 80.64 - How does an agency allocate costs in multipurpose projects and facilities?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... RESTORATION PROGRAM ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS, PITTMAN-ROBERTSON WILDLIFE RESTORATION AND DINGELL-JOHNSON SPORT FISH RESTORATION ACTS Allocation of Funds by an Agency § 80.64 How does an agency allocate costs... project or facility. The agency must describe the method used to allocate costs in multipurpose...

  10. For-profit medicare home health agencies' costs appear higher and quality appears lower compared to nonprofit agencies.

    PubMed

    Cabin, William; Himmelstein, David U; Siman, Michael L; Woolhandler, Steffie

    2014-08-01

    For-profit, or proprietary, home health agencies were banned from Medicare until 1980 but now account for a majority of the agencies that provide such services. Medicare home health costs have grown rapidly since the implementation of a risk-based prospective payment system in 2000. We analyzed recent national cost and case-mix-adjusted quality outcomes to assess the performance of for-profit and nonprofit home health agencies. For-profit agencies scored slightly but significantly worse on overall quality indicators compared to nonprofits (77.18 percent and 78.71 percent, respectively). Notably, for-profit agencies scored lower than nonprofits on the clinically important outcome "avoidance of hospitalization" (71.64 percent versus 73.53 percent). Scores on quality measures were lowest in the South, where for-profits predominate. Compared to nonprofits, proprietary agencies also had higher costs per patient ($4,827 versus $4,075), were more profitable, and had higher administrative costs. Our findings raise concerns about whether for-profit agencies should continue to be eligible for Medicare payments and about the efficiency of Medicare's market-oriented, risk-based home care payment system. PMID:25092849

  11. A Cost and Performance System (CAPS) in a Federal agency

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Huseonia, W. F.; Penton, P. G.

    1994-01-01

    Cost and Performance System (CAPS) is an automated system used from the planning phase through implementation to analysis and documentation. Data is retrievable or available for analysis of cost versus performance anomalies. CAPS provides a uniform system across intra- and international elements. A common system is recommended throughout an entire cost or profit center. Data can be easily accumulated and aggregated into higher levels of tracking and reporting of cost and performance.The level and quality of performance or productivity is indicated in the CAPS model and its process. The CAPS model provides the necessary decision information and insight to the principal investigator/project engineer for a successful project management experience. CAPS provides all levels of management with the appropriate detailed level of data.

  12. 40 CFR 310.16 - What kind of cost documentation is necessary?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...) SUPERFUND, EMERGENCY PLANNING, AND COMMUNITY RIGHT-TO-KNOW PROGRAMS REIMBURSEMENT TO LOCAL GOVERNMENTS FOR...; (b) Specify the local agency that incurred the cost, (such as, the Town Fire Department, the...

  13. 40 CFR 310.16 - What kind of cost documentation is necessary?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...) SUPERFUND, EMERGENCY PLANNING, AND COMMUNITY RIGHT-TO-KNOW PROGRAMS REIMBURSEMENT TO LOCAL GOVERNMENTS FOR...; (b) Specify the local agency that incurred the cost, (such as, the Town Fire Department, the...

  14. 40 CFR 310.16 - What kind of cost documentation is necessary?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...) SUPERFUND, EMERGENCY PLANNING, AND COMMUNITY RIGHT-TO-KNOW PROGRAMS REIMBURSEMENT TO LOCAL GOVERNMENTS FOR...; (b) Specify the local agency that incurred the cost, (such as, the Town Fire Department, the...

  15. 40 CFR 310.16 - What kind of cost documentation is necessary?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...) SUPERFUND, EMERGENCY PLANNING, AND COMMUNITY RIGHT-TO-KNOW PROGRAMS REIMBURSEMENT TO LOCAL GOVERNMENTS FOR...; (b) Specify the local agency that incurred the cost, (such as, the Town Fire Department, the...

  16. 40 CFR 310.16 - What kind of cost documentation is necessary?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...) SUPERFUND, EMERGENCY PLANNING, AND COMMUNITY RIGHT-TO-KNOW PROGRAMS REIMBURSEMENT TO LOCAL GOVERNMENTS FOR...; (b) Specify the local agency that incurred the cost, (such as, the Town Fire Department, the...

  17. Utilisation and costs of nursing agencies in the South African public health sector, 2005–2010

    PubMed Central

    Rispel, Laetitia C.; Angelides, George

    2014-01-01

    Background Globally, insufficient information exists on the costs of nursing agencies, which are temporary employment service providers that supply nurses to health establishments and/or private individuals. Objective The aim of the study was to determine the utilisation and direct costs of nursing agencies in the South African public health sector. Design A survey of all nine provincial health departments was conducted to determine utilisation and management of nursing agencies. The costs of nursing agencies were assumed to be equivalent to expenditure. Provincial health expenditure was obtained for five financial years (2005/6–2009/10) from the national Basic Accounting System database, and analysed using Microsoft Excel. Each of the 166,466 expenditure line items was coded. The total personnel and nursing agency expenditure was calculated for each financial year and for each province. Nursing agency expenditure as a percentage of the total personnel expenditure was then calculated. The nursing agency expenditure for South Africa is the total of all provincial expenditure. The 2009/10 annual government salary scales for different categories of nurses were used to calculate the number of permanent nurses who could have been employed in lieu of agency expenditure. All expenditure is expressed in South African rands (R; US$1 ∼ R7, 2010 prices). Results Only five provinces reported utilisation of nursing agencies, but all provinces showed agency expenditure. In the 2009/10 financial year, R1.49 billion (US$212.64 million) was spent on nursing agencies in the public health sector. In the same year, agency expenditure ranged from a low of R36.45 million (US$5.20 million) in Mpumalanga Province (mixed urban-rural) to a high of R356.43 million (US$50.92 million) in the Eastern Cape Province (mixed urban-rural). Agency expenditure as a percentage of personnel expenditure ranged from 0.96% in KwaZulu-Natal Province (mixed urban-rural) to 11.96% in the Northern Cape

  18. 44 CFR 204.43 - Ineligible costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... costs are reimbursable to the State by a Federal agency under another statute (See 44 CFR part 51); (e... include the following: (a) Costs incurred in the mitigation, management, and control of undeclared fires... rehabilitation activities, such as seeding, planting operations, and erosion control, or the salvage of...

  19. 44 CFR 204.43 - Ineligible costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... costs are reimbursable to the State by a Federal agency under another statute (See 44 CFR part 51); (e... include the following: (a) Costs incurred in the mitigation, management, and control of undeclared fires... rehabilitation activities, such as seeding, planting operations, and erosion control, or the salvage of...

  20. 40 CFR 610.14 - Payment of program costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 31 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Payment of program costs. 610.14 Section 610.14 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) ENERGY POLICY FUEL ECONOMY RETROFIT DEVICES Test Procedures and Evaluation Criteria General Provisions § 610.14 Payment of program costs. (a) All costs incurred in...

  1. 77 FR 42905 - Agency Use of Appropriated Funds for Child Care Costs for Lower Income Employees

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-20

    ... regulations (76 FR 45208) revising part 792 of title 5, Code of Federal Regulations. This final rule makes..., Alcoholism, Day care, Drug abuse, Government employees. U.S. Office of Personnel Management. John Berry... MANAGEMENT 5 CFR Part 792 RIN 3206-AL36 Agency Use of Appropriated Funds for Child Care Costs for...

  2. Benefit cost analysis in federal agency R and D program formulation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Greenberg, J. S.

    1976-01-01

    Benefit-cost analysis is defined and some government investment criteria are discussed in relation to federal agency research and development program planning. The benefits of applied research and development are examined on the basis of a decision tree approach, and R and D project selection is considered, with attention paid to the multi-attribute problem.

  3. Hospital cost-containment strategies that earn the respect of rating agencies.

    PubMed

    Dopoulos, Jason

    2016-01-01

    To confirm that hospitals have the necessary structures and strategies in place to reduce costs and secure future market share, credit rating agencies analyze a variety of quantitative and qualitative criteria, including: Salaries and benefits, bad debt, age of plant and depreciation, and other line items that may point to inefficiencies in a hospital's expense structure. Cost-benefit analyses, strategic plans, and leadership qualities that show the long-term value of expense cuts, capital investments, and mergers and acquisitions. Cost-effective and clinically appropriate shifts in a hospital's outpatient-to-inpatient ratio. Liquidity and market share. PMID:26863833

  4. 42 CFR 413.125 - Payment for home health agency services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Payment for home health agency services. 413.125... Categories of Costs § 413.125 Payment for home health agency services. (a) For additional rules on the allowability of certain costs incurred by home health agencies, see §§ 409.46 and 409.49(b) of this chapter....

  5. 42 CFR 413.125 - Payment for home health agency services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Payment for home health agency services. 413.125... Categories of Costs § 413.125 Payment for home health agency services. (a) For additional rules on the allowability of certain costs incurred by home health agencies, see §§ 409.46 and 409.49(b) of this chapter....

  6. 42 CFR 413.125 - Payment for home health agency services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Payment for home health agency services. 413.125... Categories of Costs § 413.125 Payment for home health agency services. (a) For additional rules on the allowability of certain costs incurred by home health agencies, see §§ 409.46 and 409.49(b) of this chapter....

  7. 42 CFR 413.125 - Payment for home health agency services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Payment for home health agency services. 413.125... Categories of Costs § 413.125 Payment for home health agency services. (a) For additional rules on the allowability of certain costs incurred by home health agencies, see §§ 409.46 and 409.49(b) of this chapter....

  8. 78 FR 22872 - Review of Cost Submittals by Other Federal Agencies for Administering Part I of the Federal Power...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-17

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Review of Cost Submittals by Other Federal Agencies for Administering Part I of the Federal Power Act; Notice Requesting Questions and Comments on Fiscal Year 2012 Other Federal Agency Cost Submissions In its Order...

  9. 41 CFR 102-85.170 - Can flexitime and other alternative work schedules cost the customer agency more?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Can flexitime and other alternative work schedules cost the customer agency more? Yes, GSA customers who extend their regular work schedule by a system of flexible hours shall reimburse GSA for its... alternative work schedules cost the customer agency more? 102-85.170 Section 102-85.170 Public Contracts...

  10. 50 CFR 80.122 - May an agency deduct the costs of generating program income from gross income?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... AND WILDLIFE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR (CONTINUED) FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE-WILDLIFE AND SPORT... DINGELL-JOHNSON SPORT FISH RESTORATION ACTS Program Income § 80.122 May an agency deduct the costs...

  11. 50 CFR 80.122 - May an agency deduct the costs of generating program income from gross income?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... AND WILDLIFE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR (CONTINUED) FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE-WILDLIFE SPORT FISH... SPORT FISH RESTORATION ACTS Program Income § 80.122 May an agency deduct the costs of generating...

  12. 50 CFR 80.122 - May an agency deduct the costs of generating program income from gross income?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... AND WILDLIFE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR (CONTINUED) FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE-WILDLIFE SPORT FISH... SPORT FISH RESTORATION ACTS Program Income § 80.122 May an agency deduct the costs of generating...

  13. 50 CFR 80.122 - May an agency deduct the costs of generating program income from gross income?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... AND WILDLIFE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR (CONTINUED) FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE-WILDLIFE AND SPORT... DINGELL-JOHNSON SPORT FISH RESTORATION ACTS Program Income § 80.122 May an agency deduct the costs...

  14. 78 FR 40738 - Proposed CERCLA Administrative Cost Recovery Settlement; Double H Pesticide Burial Site

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-08

    ... AGENCY Proposed CERCLA Administrative Cost Recovery Settlement; Double H Pesticide Burial Site AGENCY... incurred for the Double H Pesticide Burial Site in Grandview, Yakima County, Washington. Under this proposed settlement, the settling parties are Double H, L.P.; James T. Hansen; Linda L. Hansen; George...

  15. Credit Reform. Key Credit Agencies Had Difficulty Making Reasonable Loan Program Cost Estimates. Report to Congressional Requesters.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Accounting and Information Management Div.

    This report finds problems in the ability of the five major federal credit agencies to reasonably estimate subsidy costs related to the $216.6 billion in direct loans and $712.4 billion in loan guarantees issued by the federal government. The five agencies are the Small Business Administration (SBA) and the departments of Education, Housing and…

  16. Survey on the Assessment of the Current Actual Expenses Incurred by Students on the Meals and Accommodation within and around the Campuses: The Case of Tanzania Higher Education Students' Loans Beneficiaries

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nyahende, Veronica R.; Bangu, Asangye N.; Chakaza, Benedicto C.

    2015-01-01

    This Survey analyses the current actual expenses incurred by students on the meals and accommodation within and around the campuses. The study was geared towards achieving the following objectives: (i) to examine the current cost incurred by a students for meals In Campus, (ii) to examine the current cost incurred by a students for accommodation…

  17. 75 FR 22774 - Review of Cost Submittals by Other Federal Agencies for Administering Part I of the Federal Power...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-30

    ... of the Federal Power Act; Notice Requesting Questions and Comments on Other Federal Agency Cost...-8659. Those interested may file specific questions and comments on the FY 2009 OFA cost submissions... will forward the ] questions and comments to the OFAs for response. Anyone with questions pertaining...

  18. Switching between Sensory and Affective Systems Incurs Processing Costs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vermeulen, Nicolas; Niedenthal, Paula M.; Luminet, Olivier

    2007-01-01

    Recent models of the conceptual system hold that concepts are grounded in simulations of actual experiences with instances of those concepts in sensory-motor systems (e.g., Barsalou, 1999, 2003; Solomon & Barsalou, 2001). Studies supportive of such a view have shown that verifying a property of a concept in one modality, and then switching to…

  19. 20 CFR 404.2117 - What costs will be paid.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... services from other sources in accordance with the “similar benefit” provisions under 34 CFR part 361... the State VR agency or alternate participant for the VR services described in § 404.2114 which were..., but subject to the following limitations: (a) The cost must have been incurred by the State VR...

  20. 20 CFR 404.2117 - What costs will be paid.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... services from other sources in accordance with the “similar benefit” provisions under 34 CFR part 361... the State VR agency or alternate participant for the VR services described in § 404.2114 which were..., but subject to the following limitations: (a) The cost must have been incurred by the State VR...

  1. 20 CFR 404.2117 - What costs will be paid.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... services from other sources in accordance with the “similar benefit” provisions under 34 CFR part 361... the State VR agency or alternate participant for the VR services described in § 404.2114 which were..., but subject to the following limitations: (a) The cost must have been incurred by the State VR...

  2. 20 CFR 404.2117 - What costs will be paid.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... services from other sources in accordance with the “similar benefit” provisions under 34 CFR part 361... the State VR agency or alternate participant for the VR services described in § 404.2114 which were..., but subject to the following limitations: (a) The cost must have been incurred by the State VR...

  3. 78 FR 46948 - Proposed Agreement Regarding Site Costs and Covenants Not To Sue for American Lead and Zinc Mill...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-02

    ... AGENCY Proposed Agreement Regarding Site Costs and Covenants Not To Sue for American Lead and Zinc Mill... response costs incurred at the American Lead and Zinc Mill Superfund Site near Ouray, Colorado. The... via electric mail at rudy.mike@epa.gov and should reference the American Lead and Zinc Mill Site,...

  4. 34 CFR 694.11 - What is the maximum indirect cost rate for an agency of a State or local government?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... indirect cost rate for an agency of a State or local government? Notwithstanding 34 CFR 75.560-75.562 and 34 CFR 80.22, the maximum indirect cost rate that an agency of a State or local government receiving funds under GEAR UP may use to charge indirect costs to these funds is the lesser of— (a) The...

  5. 34 CFR 694.11 - What is the maximum indirect cost rate for an agency of a State or local government?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... indirect cost rate for an agency of a State or local government? Notwithstanding 34 CFR 75.560-75.562 and 34 CFR 80.22, the maximum indirect cost rate that an agency of a State or local government receiving funds under GEAR UP may use to charge indirect costs to these funds is the lesser of— (a) The...

  6. 34 CFR 694.11 - What is the maximum indirect cost rate for an agency of a State or local government?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... indirect cost rate for an agency of a State or local government? Notwithstanding 34 CFR 75.560-75.562 and 34 CFR 80.22, the maximum indirect cost rate that an agency of a State or local government receiving funds under GEAR UP may use to charge indirect costs to these funds is the lesser of— (a) The...

  7. The indirect costs of agency nurses in South Africa: a case study in two public sector hospitals

    PubMed Central

    Rispel, Laetitia C.; Moorman, Julia

    2015-01-01

    Background Globally, flexible work arrangements – through the use of temporary nursing staff – are an important strategy for dealing with nursing shortages in hospitals. Objective The objective of the study was to determine the direct and indirect costs of agency nurses, as well as the advantages and the problems associated with agency nurse utilisation in two public sector hospitals in South Africa. Methods Following ethical approval, two South African public sector hospitals were selected purposively. Direct costs were determined through an analysis of hospital expenditure information for a 5-year period from 2005 until 2010, obtained from the national transversal Basic Accounting System database. At each hospital, semi-structured interviews were conducted with the chief executive officer, executive nursing services manager, the maternity or critical care unit nursing manager, the human resource manager, and the finance manager. Indirect costs measured were the time spent on pre-employment checks, and nurse recruitment, orientation, and supervision. All expenditure is expressed in South African Rands (R: 1 USD=R7, 2010 prices). Results In the 2009/10 financial year, Hospital 1 spent R38.86 million (US$5.55 million) on nursing agencies, whereas Hospital 2 spent R10.40 million (US$1.49 million). The total estimated time spent per week on indirect cost activities at Hospital 1 was 51.5 hours, and 60 hours at Hospital 2. The estimated monetary value of this time at Hospital 1 was R962,267 (US$137,467) and at Hospital 2 the value was R300,121 (US$42,874), thus exceeding the weekly direct costs of nursing agencies. Agency nurses assisted the selected hospitals in dealing with problems of nurse recruitment, absenteeism, shortages, and skills gaps in specialised clinical areas. The problems experienced with agency nurses included their perceived lack of commitment, unreliability, and providing sub-optimal quality of patient care. Conclusion Hospital managers and

  8. Applying activity-based costing in long-term care.

    PubMed

    Wodchis, W P

    1998-01-01

    As greater numbers of the elderly use health services, and as health care costs climb, effective financial tracking is essential. Cost management in health care can benefit if costs are linked to the care activities where they are incurred. Activity-based costing (ABC) provides a useful approach. The framework aligns costs (inputs), through activities (process), to outputs and outcomes. It allocates costs based on client care needs rather than management structure. The ABC framework was tested in a residential care facility and in supportive housing apartments. The results demonstrate the feasibility and advantages of ABC for long term care agencies, including community-based care. PMID:10339203

  9. 20 CFR 411.582 - Can a State VR agency receive payment under the cost reimbursement payment system if a continuous...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...? Yes. If a State VR agency provides services to a beneficiary under 34 CFR part 361, and elects payment... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Can a State VR agency receive payment under... Systems § 411.582 Can a State VR agency receive payment under the cost reimbursement payment system if...

  10. 20 CFR 411.582 - Can a State VR agency receive payment under the cost reimbursement payment system if a continuous...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...? Yes. If a State VR agency provides services to a beneficiary under 34 CFR part 361, and elects payment... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Can a State VR agency receive payment under... Systems § 411.582 Can a State VR agency receive payment under the cost reimbursement payment system if...

  11. 20 CFR 411.582 - Can a State VR agency receive payment under the cost reimbursement payment system if a continuous...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...? Yes. If a State VR agency provides services to a beneficiary under 34 CFR part 361, and elects payment... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Can a State VR agency receive payment under... Systems § 411.582 Can a State VR agency receive payment under the cost reimbursement payment system if...

  12. 20 CFR 411.582 - Can a State VR agency receive payment under the cost reimbursement payment system if a continuous...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...? Yes. If a State VR agency provides services to a beneficiary under 34 CFR part 361, and elects payment... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Can a State VR agency receive payment under... Systems § 411.582 Can a State VR agency receive payment under the cost reimbursement payment system if...

  13. 48 CFR 1845.7101-3 - Unit acquisition cost.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... acquisition cost is under $100,000, it shall be reported as under $100,000. (g) Software acquisition costs include software costs incurred up through acceptance testing and material internal costs incurred to implement the software and otherwise make the software ready for use. Costs incurred after...

  14. 48 CFR 1845.7101-3 - Unit acquisition cost.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... acquisition cost is under $100,000, it shall be reported as under $100,000. (g) Software acquisition costs include software costs incurred up through acceptance testing and material internal costs incurred to implement the software and otherwise make the software ready for use. Costs incurred after...

  15. The costs and benefits of perceived sexual agency for men and women.

    PubMed

    Fetterolf, Janell C; Sanchez, Diana T

    2015-05-01

    Women are less likely than men to engage in sexually agentic behavior (e.g., initiating sexual encounters), despite the benefits associated with sexual agency (Kiefer & Sanchez, 2007). Two studies examined possible explanations, related to person perception, for gender differences in sexually agentic behavior. In Study 1, participants viewed the dating profiles of targets who were either high or low on sexual agency and rated sexually agentic targets as more desirable but also riskier sexual partners (i.e., having more previous sexual partners), as well as more selfish partners overall. Participants believed the agentic female targets to be the most desirable but also to have the highest number of previous sexual partners. In Study 2, female participants weighed the importance and consequences of sexual agency differently than male participants. Based on the two studies, we suggest that although men and women are judged similarly for sexual agency, women may refrain from sexual agency because they view the traits and characteristics that are perceived to go hand in hand with sexual agency more negatively. PMID:25287972

  16. 50 CFR 37.46 - Cost reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... actual costs incurred, including, but not limited to, its direct costs and indirect costs as established... costs shall include, but are not limited to, those direct costs and indirect costs, as established by the indirect costs rate of the charging bureau or office, incurred in reviewing and acting...

  17. [Optimization of pharmacological therapy for weakness syndrome in incurable patients].

    PubMed

    Ryazankina, A A; Rozengard, S A; Glushchenko, V A; Karitsky, A P; Kvashnin, A V

    2015-01-01

    In this work there is considered the possibility of correction of therapy for weakness syndrome in incurable patients with the use of drugs affecting dopamine and serotonin exchanges. It is showed that the use of 100 mg of ladasten, 16 mg of ondansetron orally per day and 50 mg of agomelatine per night is more effective in therapy for fatigue/weakness syndrome in incurable cancer patients compared to standard therapy. PMID:26087610

  18. U.S. Department of Education Indirect Cost Determination Guidance for State and Local Government Agencies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Department of Education, Washington, DC. Office of the Chief Financial and Chief Information Officer.

    This guide provides new direction in financial management and oversight practices for accounting and charging administrative costs as they relate to programs administered by the U.S. Department of Education. The document is divided into six sections. Section 1, which presents general information, offers details on definitions; indirect-cost rates;…

  19. Stand-alone flat-plate photovoltaic power systems: System sizing and life-cycle costing methodology for Federal agencies

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Borden, C. S.; Volkmer, K.; Cochrane, E. H.; Lawson, A. C.

    1984-01-01

    A simple methodology to estimate photovoltaic system size and life-cycle costs in stand-alone applications is presented. It is designed to assist engineers at Government agencies in determining the feasibility of using small stand-alone photovoltaic systems to supply ac or dc power to the load. Photovoltaic system design considerations are presented as well as the equations for sizing the flat-plate array and the battery storage to meet the required load. Cost effectiveness of a candidate photovoltaic system is based on comparison with the life-cycle cost of alternative systems. Examples of alternative systems addressed are batteries, diesel generators, the utility grid, and other renewable energy systems.

  20. 76 FR 45208 - Agency Use of Appropriated Funds for Child Care Costs for Lower Income Employees

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-28

    ...The U.S. Office of Personnel Management is proposing to revise its regulations on agencies' use of appropriated funds to provide child care subsidies for lower-income civilian employees, to make the regulations clearer and more concise. It also would make certain technical corrections, and substantive changes including in the definition of ``child'' for purposes of the subpart. The proposed......

  1. The young, the old, and the economists: rethinking how agencies account for age in cost-benefit analysis.

    PubMed

    Herz-Roiphe, Daniel

    2014-01-01

    Federal agencies count all fatalities prevented by regulation as having the same value for the purposes of cost-benefit analysis, making no adjustment for the age of the person saved. This uniform valuation is guided by empirical studies that find that the young are not willing to pay more than the elderly for small risk reductions in private markets. This Note argues for a different approach. It proposes that agencies take account of a previously ignored body of "public choice" research that finds that most individuals think government should adopt lifesaving programs that benefit the young over those that benefit the old. These data illustrate a divergence between people's private and public preferences. While the economic theory that guides current agency practice prioritizes the former over the latter, this Note argues that it should be the other way around. The Note maintains that public choice data reflect a wider range of societal commitments than individual willingness-to-pay metrics, and therefore that the use of public choice data could help agencies satisfy their mandate under Executive Order 13,563 to engage in broader forms of analysis. The Note also posits that public choice data actually provide a better guide to the welfare consequences of prioritizing lifesaving regulations for different age groups than do individual willingness-to-pay data. It accordingly recommends a new system of age adjustment based on public choice results. PMID:25486716

  2. 34 CFR 694.9 - What is the maximum indirect cost rate for an agency of a State or local government?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... AWARENESS AND READINESS FOR UNDERGRADUATE PROGRAMS (GEAR UP) § 694.9 What is the maximum indirect cost rate for an agency of a State or local government? Notwithstanding 34 CFR 75.560-75.562 and 34 CFR...

  3. Reducing energy costs at state agencies and institutions in Texas through the Governor's energy management center

    SciTech Connect

    White, J.A.

    1989-01-01

    The one year internship required for partial fulfillment of the Doctor of Engineering Degree was completed at the Governor's Energy Management Center in Austin, Texas. The intern worked for the State Agencies Department of the Energy Management Center. The intern was involved in a variety of projects, but the primary projects requiring the greatest time were the involvement with the design reviews for energy efficiency of new prisons being constructed in Texas, conducting energy management audits at 18 major state universities, and the technical and administrative assistance to the State Cogeneration Council. Other project involvement included managing the preliminary engineering design of the cogeneration facility at Austin State Hospital, responsibility for applying for a $1.4 million dollar crude oil refund on the behalf of all state agencies in Texas, and assisting in the planning and coordination of the $48 million Revolving Loan Program for the state of Texas. The internship taught many things about management and communications. The experience also provided a better understanding of how the state and federal government operate. The greatest contribution of the internship experience was the improvement of the intern's written and oral communication skills.

  4. R&D policy, agency costs and innovation in personalized medicine.

    PubMed

    Yin, Wesley

    2009-09-01

    The Orphan Drug Act (ODA) was designed to spur the development of drugs for rare diseases. In principle, its design also incentivizes pharmaceutical firms to develop drugs for "rare" subdivisions of more prevalent diseases. I find that in response to this incentive, firms develop drugs for ODA-qualifying subdivisions of non-rare diseases. The impact in these tailored drug markets represents half of the total R&D response to the ODA. I also find that 10-percent of the innovation in subdivided disease drugs induced by the ODA would have been conducted without the policy. While modest in size, this inefficiency suggests that agency problems should be considered when designing innovation policy. PMID:19671480

  5. 7 CFR 1430.606 - Determination of losses incurred.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... hurricane-related disaster. Specifically, dairy production and spoilage losses incurred by producers under... production marketed during the applicable claim period that corresponds with the hurricane-related disaster... that corresponds to the hurricane-related disaster. These adjustments are made to account for...

  6. 7 CFR 1430.606 - Determination of losses incurred.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... hurricane-related disaster. Specifically, dairy production and spoilage losses incurred by producers under... production marketed during the applicable claim period that corresponds with the hurricane-related disaster... that corresponds to the hurricane-related disaster. These adjustments are made to account for...

  7. 7 CFR 1430.606 - Determination of losses incurred.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... hurricane-related disaster. Specifically, dairy production and spoilage losses incurred by producers under... production marketed during the applicable claim period that corresponds with the hurricane-related disaster... that corresponds to the hurricane-related disaster. These adjustments are made to account for...

  8. 7 CFR 1430.606 - Determination of losses incurred.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... hurricane-related disaster. Specifically, dairy production and spoilage losses incurred by producers under... production marketed during the applicable claim period that corresponds with the hurricane-related disaster... that corresponds to the hurricane-related disaster. These adjustments are made to account for...

  9. 7 CFR 1430.606 - Determination of losses incurred.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... hurricane-related disaster. Specifically, dairy production and spoilage losses incurred by producers under... production marketed during the applicable claim period that corresponds with the hurricane-related disaster... that corresponds to the hurricane-related disaster. These adjustments are made to account for...

  10. 41 CFR 302-10.206 - May my agency assume direct responsibility for the costs of preparing and transporting my mobile...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... direct responsibility for the costs of preparing and transporting my mobile home? 302-10.206 Section 302... ALLOWANCES TRANSPORTATION AND STORAGE OF PROPERTY 10-ALLOWANCES FOR TRANSPORTATION OF MOBILE HOMES AND BOATS... responsibility for the costs of preparing and transporting my mobile home? Yes, your agency may assume...

  11. 41 CFR 302-10.206 - May my agency assume direct responsibility for the costs of preparing and transporting my mobile...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... direct responsibility for the costs of preparing and transporting my mobile home? 302-10.206 Section 302... ALLOWANCES TRANSPORTATION AND STORAGE OF PROPERTY 10-ALLOWANCES FOR TRANSPORTATION OF MOBILE HOMES AND BOATS... responsibility for the costs of preparing and transporting my mobile home? Yes, your agency may assume...

  12. 41 CFR 102-33.205 - When we use our aircraft to support other executive agencies, must we recover the operating costs?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false When we use our aircraft to support other executive agencies, must we recover the operating costs? 102-33.205 Section 102-33.205 Public Contracts and Property Management Federal Property Management Regulations System (Continued) FEDERAL MANAGEMENT REGULATION...

  13. 41 CFR 102-33.205 - When we use our aircraft to support other executive agencies, must we recover the operating costs?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false When we use our aircraft to support other executive agencies, must we recover the operating costs? 102-33.205 Section 102-33.205 Public Contracts and Property Management Federal Property Management Regulations System (Continued) FEDERAL MANAGEMENT REGULATION...

  14. 41 CFR 102-33.205 - When we use our aircraft to support other executive agencies, must we recover the operating costs?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false When we use our aircraft to support other executive agencies, must we recover the operating costs? 102-33.205 Section 102-33.205 Public Contracts and Property Management Federal Property Management Regulations System (Continued) FEDERAL MANAGEMENT REGULATION...

  15. 34 CFR 694.11 - What is the maximum indirect cost rate for an agency of a State or local government?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 34 Education 4 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false What is the maximum indirect cost rate for an agency of a State or local government? 694.11 Section 694.11 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF POSTSECONDARY EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION (CONTINUED) GAINING EARLY AWARENESS AND READINESS...

  16. 45 CFR 74.27 - Allowable costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... determined in accordance with the provisions of the Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR) at 48 CFR part 31..., AND COMMERCIAL ORGANIZATIONS Post-Award Requirements Financial and Program Management § 74.27... cost principles applicable to the entity incurring the costs. Thus, allowability of costs incurred...

  17. 45 CFR 74.27 - Allowable costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... determined in accordance with the provisions of the Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR) at 48 CFR part 31..., AND COMMERCIAL ORGANIZATIONS Post-Award Requirements Financial and Program Management § 74.27... cost principles applicable to the entity incurring the costs. Thus, allowability of costs incurred...

  18. 48 CFR 970.5242-1 - Penalties for unallowable costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...) Contractors which include unallowable cost in a submission for settlement for cost incurred, may be subject to penalties. (b) If, during the review of a submission for settlement of cost incurred, the Contracting Officer determines that the submission contains an expressly unallowable cost or a cost determined to...

  19. 48 CFR 970.5242-1 - Penalties for unallowable costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...) Contractors which include unallowable cost in a submission for settlement for cost incurred, may be subject to penalties. (b) If, during the review of a submission for settlement of cost incurred, the Contracting Officer determines that the submission contains an expressly unallowable cost or a cost determined to...

  20. 48 CFR 970.5242-1 - Penalties for unallowable costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...) Contractors which include unallowable cost in a submission for settlement for cost incurred, may be subject to penalties. (b) If, during the review of a submission for settlement of cost incurred, the Contracting Officer determines that the submission contains an expressly unallowable cost or a cost determined to...

  1. 48 CFR 970.5242-1 - Penalties for unallowable costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...) Contractors which include unallowable cost in a submission for settlement for cost incurred, may be subject to penalties. (b) If, during the review of a submission for settlement of cost incurred, the Contracting Officer determines that the submission contains an expressly unallowable cost or a cost determined to...

  2. 48 CFR 1845.7101-3 - Unit acquisition cost.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... production costs (for assets produced or constructed). (5) Engineering, architectural, and other outside... acquisition cost is under $100,000, it shall be reported as under $100,000. (g) Software acquisition costs include software costs incurred up through acceptance testing and material internal costs incurred...

  3. 48 CFR 1845.7101-3 - Unit acquisition cost.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... production costs (for assets produced or constructed). (5) Engineering, architectural, and other outside... acquisition cost is under $100,000, it shall be reported as under $100,000. (g) Software acquisition costs include software costs incurred up through acceptance testing and material internal costs incurred...

  4. 48 CFR 1845.7101-3 - Unit acquisition cost.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... production costs (for assets produced or constructed). (5) Engineering, architectural, and other outside... acquisition cost is under $100,000, it shall be reported as under $100,000. (g) Software acquisition costs include software costs incurred up through acceptance testing and material internal costs incurred...

  5. 78 FR 13606 - Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement; Unallowable Fringe Benefit Costs (DFARS Case...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-28

    ... incurred or estimated that are contrary to law, employer-employee agreement, or an established policy of... incurred or estimated that are contrary to law, employer- employee agreement, or an established policy of... costs in final indirect cost rate proposals or the final statement of costs incurred or estimated to...

  6. 50 CFR 80.63 - Does an agency have to allocate costs in multipurpose projects and facilities?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... RESTORATION PROGRAM ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS, PITTMAN-ROBERTSON WILDLIFE RESTORATION AND DINGELL-JOHNSON SPORT FISH RESTORATION ACTS Allocation of Funds by an Agency § 80.63 Does an agency have to allocate... in multipurpose projects and facilities. A grant-funded project or facility is multipurpose if...

  7. 50 CFR 80.63 - Does an agency have to allocate costs in multipurpose projects and facilities?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... RESTORATION PROGRAM ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS, PITTMAN-ROBERTSON WILDLIFE RESTORATION AND DINGELL-JOHNSON SPORT FISH RESTORATION ACTS Allocation of Funds by an Agency § 80.63 Does an agency have to allocate... in multipurpose projects and facilities. A grant-funded project or facility is multipurpose if...

  8. 50 CFR 80.63 - Does an agency have to allocate costs in multipurpose projects and facilities?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... RESTORATION PROGRAM ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS, PITTMAN-ROBERTSON WILDLIFE RESTORATION AND DINGELL-JOHNSON SPORT FISH RESTORATION ACTS Allocation of Funds by an Agency § 80.63 Does an agency have to allocate... in multipurpose projects and facilities. A grant-funded project or facility is multipurpose if...

  9. 50 CFR 80.63 - Does an agency have to allocate costs in multipurpose projects and facilities?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... RESTORATION PROGRAM ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS, PITTMAN-ROBERTSON WILDLIFE RESTORATION AND DINGELL-JOHNSON SPORT FISH RESTORATION ACTS Allocation of Funds by an Agency § 80.63 Does an agency have to allocate... in multipurpose projects and facilities. A grant-funded project or facility is multipurpose if...

  10. EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) evaluation of the P. A. S. S. kit device under Section 511 of the Motor Vehicle Information and Cost Savings Act. Technical report

    SciTech Connect

    Barth, E.A.

    1982-09-01

    This document announces the conclusions of the EPA evaluation of the P.A.S.S. Kit device under the provisions of Section 511 of the Motor Vehicle Information and Cost Savings Act. The evaluation of the P.A.S.S. Kit device was conducted upon receiving an application for evaluation by the marketer. The P.A.S.S. Kit device is an intake manifold vacuum switch that is designed to disengage the air conditioning compressor during periods of high power demand. The device is claimed to eliminate the load of air conditioning compressor when accelerating and thereby improve fuel economy and performance. EPA fully considered all of the information submitted by the applicant. The evaluation of the P.A.S.S. Kit device was based on that information and the results of the EPA confirmatory testing of a similar device. The overall conclusion is that P.A.S.S. Kit should recover part of the emissions and fuel economy penalty incurred by using the air conditioner of some vehicles.

  11. A Guide for State Government Agencies: Establishing Cost Allocation Plans and Indirect Cost Rates for Grants and Contracts with the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Washington, DC.

    This brochure provides guidelines for State governments seeking to recover the costs of services provided by central service-type activities to grantee State departments and the indirect cost of grantee State departments. As a prerequisite to such recovery, States must develop and submit to the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare a formal…

  12. EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) evaluation of Fuel Maximiser TM under Section 511 of The Motor Vehicle Information And Cost Savings Act. Technical report

    SciTech Connect

    Penninga, T.J.

    1981-11-01

    This document announces the conclusions of the EPA evaluation of the Fuel Maximiser under the provisions of Section 511 of the Motor Vehicle Information and Cost Savings Act. The Fuel Maximiser, an automotive fuel economy device, has been evaluated by the Environmental Protection Agency at the request of the U.S. Postal Service. The results of the EPA testing demonstrate that with either road or dynomometer testing procedures, the Fuel Maximiser failed to improve vehicle fuel economy.

  13. 77 FR 54482 - Allocation of Costs Under the Simplified Methods

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-05

    ... section 263A costs, raw material costs on hand at year end include unprocessed raw materials and raw... materials that a taxpayer purchases during its current taxable year. Raw material section 471 costs incurred... incurred in the production process and how the cost was allocated to raw materials, work-in-process,...

  14. Public Perceptions of Regulatory Costs, Their Uncertainty and Interindividual Distribution.

    PubMed

    Johnson, Branden B; Finkel, Adam M

    2016-06-01

    Public perceptions of both risks and regulatory costs shape rational regulatory choices. Despite decades of risk perception studies, this article is the first on regulatory cost perceptions. A survey of 744 U.S. residents probed: (1) How knowledgeable are laypeople about regulatory costs incurred to reduce risks? (2) Do laypeople see official estimates of cost and benefit (lives saved) as accurate? (3) (How) do preferences for hypothetical regulations change when mean-preserving spreads of uncertainty replace certain cost or benefit? and (4) (How) do preferences change when unequal interindividual distributions of hypothetical regulatory costs replace equal distributions? Respondents overestimated costs of regulatory compliance, while assuming agencies underestimate costs. Most assumed agency estimates of benefits are accurate; a third believed both cost and benefit estimates are accurate. Cost and benefit estimates presented without uncertainty were slightly preferred to those surrounded by "narrow uncertainty" (a range of costs or lives entirely within a personally-calibrated zone without clear acceptance or rejection of tradeoffs). Certain estimates were more preferred than "wide uncertainty" (a range of agency estimates extending beyond these personal bounds, thus posing a gamble between favored and unacceptable tradeoffs), particularly for costs as opposed to benefits (but even for costs a quarter of respondents preferred wide uncertainty to certainty). Agency-acknowledged uncertainty in general elicited mixed judgments of honesty and trustworthiness. People preferred egalitarian distributions of regulatory costs, despite skewed actual cost distributions, and preferred progressive cost distributions (the rich pay a greater than proportional share) to regressive ones. Efficient and socially responsive regulations require disclosure of much more information about regulatory costs and risks. PMID:26742683

  15. 7 CFR 550.25 - Allowable costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Acquisition Regulation (FAR) at 48 CFR part 31. Program Management ... at 2 CFR part 225. The allowability of costs incurred by non-profit organizations is determined in... at 2 CFR part 230. The allowability of costs incurred by institutions of higher education...

  16. 7 CFR 550.25 - Allowable costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Acquisition Regulation (FAR) at 48 CFR part 31. Program Management ... at 2 CFR part 225. The allowability of costs incurred by non-profit organizations is determined in... at 2 CFR part 230. The allowability of costs incurred by institutions of higher education...

  17. 7 CFR 550.25 - Allowable costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... Acquisition Regulation (FAR) at 48 CFR part 31. Program Management ... at 2 CFR part 225. The allowability of costs incurred by non-profit organizations is determined in... at 2 CFR part 230. The allowability of costs incurred by institutions of higher education...

  18. 7 CFR 550.25 - Allowable costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... Acquisition Regulation (FAR) at 48 CFR part 31. Program Management ... at 2 CFR part 225. The allowability of costs incurred by non-profit organizations is determined in... at 2 CFR part 230. The allowability of costs incurred by institutions of higher education...

  19. 7 CFR 550.25 - Allowable costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... Acquisition Regulation (FAR) at 48 CFR part 31. Program Management ... at 2 CFR part 225. The allowability of costs incurred by non-profit organizations is determined in... at 2 CFR part 230. The allowability of costs incurred by institutions of higher education...

  20. Studies to improve the extraction yields of incurred pesticide residues from crops using the QuEChERS method.

    PubMed

    Hepperle, Julia; Dörk, Daniela; Barth, Anja; Taşdelen, Bünjamin; Anastassiades, Michelangelo

    2015-01-01

    The influence of various factors on the extraction yields of incurred pesticides from crops using the QuEChERS (Quick, Easy, Cheap, Effective, Rugged, and Safe) method was thoroughly studied. These factors included extraction time, extraction temperature, agitation approach, and in the case of dry commodities, sample comminution grade. Extraction yields increased with increasing extraction time, eventually reaching a plateau. Extraction temperature also played an important role in speeding up extraction, whereas the agitation approach had little influence. Based on our results we propose an extension of the first QuEChERS extraction step to 15 min when using deep frozen samples and to 2 min when using samples at ambient temperature. The extension of the second QuEChERS extraction step was shown to be less effective. Mechanical shakers can be used to facilitate extraction. This minor modification of the QuEChERS method does not alter its simple structure nor increase the manual labor and costs involved. It was further shown that the extraction yields of incurred pesticides strongly depend on their physiochemical properties, with lipophilic pesticides typically showing stronger retardation and higher yields when extraction time and/or temperature are increased. The impact of prolonging the first QuEChERS extraction step from 1 to 15 min on the extraction yields of incurred pesticides from frozen samples was studied on 132 real samples containing 85 different pesticides throughout the polarity range and representing 55 different commodity types. Out of the 408 pesticide/commodity combinations studied, 34% showed >25% yield increases when the extraction time was extended to 15 min. Also, more than half of the 132 studied samples contained at least one incurred pesticide for which the extraction yield increased by more than 25%. Similar extraction retardation effects were also observed for spiked pesticides but only if these were spiked on commodities with intact

  1. 42 CFR 417.540 - Enrollment costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Enrollment costs. 417.540 Section 417.540 Public... PLANS Medicare Payment: Cost Basis § 417.540 Enrollment costs. (a) Principle. Enrollment costs are... of costs included. Enrollment costs include, but are not limited to, reasonable costs incurred...

  2. 48 CFR 31.203 - Indirect costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... cost of that or any other final cost objective. (c) The contractor shall accumulate indirect costs by... for allocating indirect costs is the cost accounting period during which such costs are incurred and... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Indirect costs....

  3. 48 CFR 31.203 - Indirect costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... cost of that or any other final cost objective. (c) The contractor shall accumulate indirect costs by... for allocating indirect costs is the cost accounting period during which such costs are incurred and... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Indirect costs....

  4. 42 CFR 417.540 - Enrollment costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Enrollment costs. 417.540 Section 417.540 Public... PREPAYMENT PLANS Medicare Payment: Cost Basis § 417.540 Enrollment costs. (a) Principle. Enrollment costs are... of costs included. Enrollment costs include, but are not limited to, reasonable costs incurred...

  5. 45 CFR 261.53 - May a State correct the problem before incurring a penalty?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false May a State correct the problem before incurring a....53 May a State correct the problem before incurring a penalty? (a) Yes. A State may enter into a corrective compliance plan to remedy a problem that caused its failure to meet a participation rate,...

  6. 7 CFR 1781.7 - Loan and advance limitations and obligations incurred before loan closing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...; pipelines from the reservoir to place of use; or for other uses such as irrigation, fish and wildlife, and... incurred before loan closing when the Rural Development State Director determines that: (i) The obligations... has legal authority to incur the obligations at the time proposed; and (v) The Rural Development...

  7. 45 CFR 261.53 - May a State correct the problem before incurring a penalty?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 2 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false May a State correct the problem before incurring a....53 May a State correct the problem before incurring a penalty? (a) Yes. A State may enter into a corrective compliance plan to remedy a problem that caused its failure to meet a participation rate,...

  8. 27 CFR 478.143 - Relief from disabilities incurred by indictment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 3 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Relief from disabilities incurred by indictment. 478.143 Section 478.143 Alcohol, Tobacco Products, and Firearms BUREAU OF ALCOHOL... AMMUNITION Exemptions, Seizures, and Forfeitures § 478.143 Relief from disabilities incurred by indictment....

  9. 27 CFR 478.143 - Relief from disabilities incurred by indictment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 3 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Relief from disabilities incurred by indictment. 478.143 Section 478.143 Alcohol, Tobacco Products, and Firearms BUREAU OF ALCOHOL... AMMUNITION Exemptions, Seizures, and Forfeitures § 478.143 Relief from disabilities incurred by indictment....

  10. 27 CFR 478.143 - Relief from disabilities incurred by indictment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Relief from disabilities incurred by indictment. 478.143 Section 478.143 Alcohol, Tobacco Products, and Firearms BUREAU OF ALCOHOL... AMMUNITION Exemptions, Seizures, and Forfeitures § 478.143 Relief from disabilities incurred by indictment....

  11. Physician-assisted dying and two senses of an incurable condition.

    PubMed

    Varelius, Jukka

    2016-09-01

    It is commonly accepted that voluntary active euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide can be allowed, if at all, only in the cases of patients whose conditions are incurable. Yet, there are different understandings of when a patient's condition is incurable. In this article, I consider two understandings of the notion of an incurable condition that can be found in the recent debate on physician-assisted dying. According to one of them, a condition is incurable when it is known that there is no cure for it. According to the other, a condition is incurable when no cure is known to exist for it. I propose two criteria for assessing the conceptions and maintain that, in light of the criteria, the latter is more plausible than the former. PMID:27178533

  12. A Study of Additional Costs of Second Language Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McEwen, Nelly

    A study was conducted whose primary aim was to identify and explain additional costs incurred by Alberta, Canada school jurisdictions providing second language instruction in 1980. Additional costs were defined as those which would not have been incurred had the second language program not been in existence. Three types of additional costs were…

  13. EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) evaluation of the gyroscopic wheel cover device under Section 511 of the Motor Vehicle Information and Cost Savings Act. Technical report

    SciTech Connect

    Syria, S.L.

    1983-06-01

    This report announces the conclusions of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) evaluation of the Gyroscopic Wheel Cover under the provisions of Section 511 of the Motor Vehicle Information and Cost Savings Act. The evaluation of the Gyroscopic Wheel Cover device was conducted upon the application of Simmer Wheels, Incorporated. The device is a mechanical assembly which replaces each of the standard wheel covers on a vehicle. The device is claimed to improve fuel economy, handling and braking characteristics, and the life of the brakes and tires.

  14. 77 FR 21978 - Review of Cost Submittals by Other Federal Agencies for Administering Part I of the Federal Power...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-12

    ... of the Federal Power Act; Notice Requesting Questions and Comments on Fiscal Year 2011 Other Federal... file specific questions and comments on the FY 2011 OFA cost submissions with the Commission under Docket No. AD12- 3-019, no later than May 5, 2012. Once filed, the Commission will forward the...

  15. 76 FR 21892 - Review of Cost Submittals by Other Federal Agencies for Administering Part I of the Federal Power...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-19

    ... of the Federal Power Act; Notice Requesting Questions and Comments on Fiscal Year 2010 Other Federal... file specific questions and comments on the FY 2010 OFA cost submissions with the Commission under... questions and comments to the OFAs for response. Anyone with questions pertaining to the...

  16. Using State-Wide Multiple Measures for School Leadership and Management: Costs Incurred vs. Benefits Gained

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hentschke, Guilbert; Wohlstetter, Priscilla; Hirman, Jennifer; Zeehandelaar, Dara

    2011-01-01

    In this article, we examine the utility and value of multiple measures of school performance for school leaders and managers. The research was conducted within the context of the state of California through an investigation of how operators, managers and authorisers of autonomous "charter" (publicly financed but privately operated) schools use…

  17. 42 CFR 417.534 - Allowable costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Allowable costs. 417.534 Section 417.534 Public... PLANS Medicare Payment: Cost Basis § 417.534 Allowable costs. (a) Definition—Allowable costs means the direct and indirect costs, including normal standby costs incurred by the HMO or CMP, that are proper...

  18. 42 CFR 417.534 - Allowable costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Allowable costs. 417.534 Section 417.534 Public... PREPAYMENT PLANS Medicare Payment: Cost Basis § 417.534 Allowable costs. (a) Definition—Allowable costs means the direct and indirect costs, including normal standby costs incurred by the HMO or CMP, that...

  19. 45 CFR 304.21 - Federal financial participation in the costs of cooperative arrangements with courts and law...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...) of judges; (3) Costs of travel and training related to the judicial determination process incurred by...; (5) Compensation (salary and fringe benefits), travel and training, and office-related costs incurred... incurred on behalf of cases receiving services under the IV-D State plan. (d) When agreements take...

  20. Energy and time modelling of kerbside waste collection: Changes incurred when adding source separated food waste.

    PubMed

    Edwards, Joel; Othman, Maazuza; Burn, Stewart; Crossin, Enda

    2016-10-01

    The collection of source separated kerbside municipal FW (SSFW) is being incentivised in Australia, however such a collection is likely to increase the fuel and time a collection truck fleet requires. Therefore, waste managers need to determine whether the incentives outweigh the cost. With literature scarcely describing the magnitude of increase, and local parameters playing a crucial role in accurately modelling kerbside collection; this paper develops a new general mathematical model that predicts the energy and time requirements of a collection regime whilst incorporating the unique variables of different jurisdictions. The model, Municipal solid waste collect (MSW-Collect), is validated and shown to be more accurate at predicting fuel consumption and trucks required than other common collection models. When predicting changes incurred for five different SSFW collection scenarios, results show that SSFW scenarios require an increase in fuel ranging from 1.38% to 57.59%. There is also a need for additional trucks across most SSFW scenarios tested. All SSFW scenarios are ranked and analysed in regards to fuel consumption; sensitivity analysis is conducted to test key assumptions. PMID:27396681

  1. HEALTH COSTS OF AIR POLLUTION DAMAGES: A STUDY OF HOSPITALIZATION COSTS

    EPA Science Inventory

    An investigation of the hospitalization costs of exposure to air pollution in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania was conducted to determine whether persons exposed to air pollution incurred higher incidences of hospitalization or additional costs for treatment. A hospitalization data...

  2. The cost of implementing a jail diversion program for people with mental illness in San Antonio, Texas.

    PubMed

    Cowell, Alexander J; Hinde, Jesse M; Broner, Nahama; Aldridge, Arnie P

    2015-02-01

    Jail diversion programs for people with mental illness are designed to redirect offenders with mental illness into community treatment. Although much has been published about program models and their successes, little detail is available to policy makers and community stakeholders on the resources required to start and implement a jail diversion program and which agencies bear how much of the burden. The current study used data on a model jail diversion program in San Antonio, Texas, to address this research gap. Data on staff costs, client contacts, planning, and implementation were collected for three types of diversion: pre-booking police, post-booking bond, and post-booking docket. An activity-based costing algorithm was developed to which parameter values were applied. The start-up cost for the program was $556,638.69. Pre-booking diversion cost $370 per person; 90% of costs were incurred by community mental health agencies for short-term monitoring and screening (>80% of activities). Post-booking bond and docket diversion cost $238 and $205 per person, respectively; the majority of costs were incurred by the courts for court decisions. Developing a multiple-intercept jail diversion program requires significant up-front investment. The share of costs varies greatly depending on the type of diversion. PMID:25463013

  3. 25 CFR 117.26 - Expenses incurred pending qualification of an executor or administrator.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... HAVE CERTIFICATES OF COMPETENCY § 117.26 Expenses incurred pending qualification of an executor or... one-half or more Indian blood who did not have a certificate of competency at the time of his...

  4. 50 CFR 37.46 - Cost reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Cost reimbursement. 37.46 Section 37.46... NATIONAL WILDLIFE REFUGE, ALASKA General Administration § 37.46 Cost reimbursement. (a) Each applicant for... actual costs incurred, including, but not limited to, its direct costs and indirect costs as...

  5. 48 CFR 52.242-3 - Penalties for Unallowable Costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... negotiating the final contract price; or (2) The final statement of costs incurred and estimated to be incurred under the Incentive Price Revision clause (if applicable), which is used to establish the final contract price. (b) Contractors which include unallowable indirect costs in a proposal may be subject...

  6. Understanding Higher Education Costs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Middaugh, Michael F.

    2005-01-01

    Public discussion of higher education costs frequently confuses price with expenditure. This article examines factors associated with increases in the sticker price of a college education and the expenditures incurred by institutions in delivering that education. The discussion suggests that while growth in college tuition is real, access to…

  7. Development of an incurred cornbread model for gluten detection by immunoassays.

    PubMed

    Sharma, Girdhari M; Khuda, Sefat E; Pereira, Marion; Slate, Andrew; Jackson, Lauren S; Pardo, Christopher; Williams, Kristina M; Whitaker, Thomas B

    2013-12-11

    Gluten that is present in food as a result of cross-contact or misbranding can cause severe health concerns to wheat-allergic and celiac patients. Immunoassays, such as enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and lateral flow device (LFD), are commonly used to detect gluten traces in foods. However, the performance of immunoassays can be affected by non-assay-related factors, such as food matrix and processing conditions. Gluten (0-500 ppm) and wheat flour (20-1000 ppm) incurred cornbread was prepared at different incurred levels and baking conditions (204.4 °C for 20, 27, and 34 min) to study the accuracy and precision of gluten measurement by seven immunoassay kits (three LFD and four ELISA kits). The stability and immunoreactivity of gluten proteins, as measured by western blot using three different antibodies, were not adversely affected by the baking conditions. However, the gluten recovery varied depending upon the ELISA kit and the gluten source used to make the incurred cornbread, affecting the accuracy of gluten quantification (BioKits, 9-77%; Morinaga, 91-137%; R-Biopharm, 61-108%; and Romer Labs, 113-190%). Gluten recovery was reduced with increased baking time for most ELISA kits analyzed. Both the sampling and analytical variance increased with an increase in the gluten incurred level. The predicted analytical coefficient of variation associated with all ELISA kits was below 12% for all incurred levels, indicative of good analytical precision. PMID:24245605

  8. Mind the Costs: Rescaling and Multi-Level Environmental Governance in Venice Lagoon

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Roggero, Matteo; Fritsch, Oliver

    2010-07-01

    Competences over environmental matters are distributed across agencies at different scales on a national-to-local continuum. This article adopts a transaction costs economics perspective in order to explore the question whether, in the light of a particular problem, the scale at which a certain competence is attributed can be reconsidered. Specifically, it tests whether a presumption of least-cost operation concerning an agency at a given scale can hold. By doing so, it investigates whether the rescaling of certain tasks, aiming at solving a scale-related problem, is likely to produce an increase in costs for day-to-day agency operations as compared to the status quo. The article explores such a perspective for the case of Venice Lagoon. The negative aspects of the present arrangement concerning fishery management and morphological remediation are directly linked to the scale of the agencies involved. The analysis suggests that scales have been chosen correctly, at least from the point of view of the costs incurred to the agencies involved. Consequently, a rescaling of those agencies does not represent a viable option.

  9. 20 CFR 641.859 - What other special rules govern the classification of costs as administrative costs or program...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... information; (2) Employment statistics information, including job listing information, job skills information...), all costs incurred by vendors are program costs. (See 29 CFR 99.210 for a discussion of...

  10. 33 CFR 214.11 - Costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Costs. 214.11 Section 214.11... SUPPLIES OF DRINKING WATER § 214.11 Costs. Costs incurred by the Corps of Engineers in furnishing emergency... by the community generally will not be required. Costs of necessary measures for the...

  11. 23 CFR 140.505 - Reimbursable costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Reimbursable costs. 140.505 Section 140.505 Highways... Administrative Settlement Costs-Contract Claims § 140.505 Reimbursable costs. (a) Federal funds may participate in administrative settlement costs which are: (1) Incurred after notice of claim, (2)...

  12. A Year-Round School Cost Model.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burnett, Robert W.

    This study involved the development and use of a cost model to assess the economic consequences of the introduction of a year-round school (YRS) program. The cost model has two components. First, a comprehensive accounting procedure details the costs unique to a year-round calendar and estimates the costs that would have been incurred if the…

  13. 33 CFR 214.11 - Costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 3 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Costs. 214.11 Section 214.11... SUPPLIES OF DRINKING WATER § 214.11 Costs. Costs incurred by the Corps of Engineers in furnishing emergency... by the community generally will not be required. Costs of necessary measures for the...

  14. 33 CFR 214.11 - Costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 3 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Costs. 214.11 Section 214.11... SUPPLIES OF DRINKING WATER § 214.11 Costs. Costs incurred by the Corps of Engineers in furnishing emergency... by the community generally will not be required. Costs of necessary measures for the...

  15. 33 CFR 214.11 - Costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Costs. 214.11 Section 214.11... SUPPLIES OF DRINKING WATER § 214.11 Costs. Costs incurred by the Corps of Engineers in furnishing emergency... by the community generally will not be required. Costs of necessary measures for the...

  16. 33 CFR 214.11 - Costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 3 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Costs. 214.11 Section 214.11... SUPPLIES OF DRINKING WATER § 214.11 Costs. Costs incurred by the Corps of Engineers in furnishing emergency... by the community generally will not be required. Costs of necessary measures for the...

  17. 2 CFR 200.473 - Transportation costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 2 Grants and Agreements 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Transportation costs. 200.473 Section 200... Transportation costs. Costs incurred for freight, express, cartage, postage, and other transportation services... identified with the items involved, they may be charged directly as transportation costs or added to the...

  18. EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) evaluation of the Polarion-X device under Section 511 of the Motor Vehicle Information and Cost Savings Act

    SciTech Connect

    Barth, E.A.

    1982-08-01

    This document announces the conclusions of the EPA evaluation of the POLARION-X device under the provisions of Section 511 of the Motor Vehicle Information and Cost Savings Act. The evaluation of the POLARION-X device was conducted upon receiving an application from the marketer of the device. The POLARION-X is installed in the fuel line between the pump and the carburetor. It incorporates two permanent magnets which subject the fuel to a magnetic field. This device is claimed to reduce emissions, to improve fuel economy and performance, to provide more complete combustion, to eliminate engine carbon buildup and dieseling, and to reduce the octane requirements of the engine. The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) fully considered all of the information submitted by the applicant. The overall conclusion was that for the POLARION-X there is no reason to expect that the device will improve either the emissions or fuel economy of a typical motor vehicle in proper operating conditions.

  19. 11 CFR 106.2 - State allocation of expenditures incurred by authorized committees of Presidential primary...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... receiving or expecting to receive federal matching funds pursuant to 11 CFR parts 9031 et seq. The expenditures described in 11 CFR 106.2(b)(2) shall be allocated to a particular State if incurred by a.... Expenditures required to be allocated to the primary election under 11 CFR 9034.4(e) shall also be allocated...

  20. 11 CFR 106.2 - State allocation of expenditures incurred by authorized committees of Presidential primary...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... receiving or expecting to receive federal matching funds pursuant to 11 CFR parts 9031 et seq. The expenditures described in 11 CFR 106.2(b)(2) shall be allocated to a particular State if incurred by a.... Expenditures required to be allocated to the primary election under 11 CFR 9034.4(e) shall also be allocated...

  1. 11 CFR 106.2 - State allocation of expenditures incurred by authorized committees of Presidential primary...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 11 Federal Elections 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false State allocation of expenditures incurred by authorized committees of Presidential primary candidates receiving matching funds. 106.2 Section 106.2 Federal Elections FEDERAL ELECTION COMMISSION GENERAL ALLOCATIONS OF CANDIDATE AND COMMITTEE ACTIVITIES § 106.2 State allocation of...

  2. 11 CFR 106.2 - State allocation of expenditures incurred by authorized committees of Presidential primary...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... receiving or expecting to receive federal matching funds pursuant to 11 CFR parts 9031 et seq. The expenditures described in 11 CFR 106.2(b)(2) shall be allocated to a particular State if incurred by a.... Expenditures required to be allocated to the primary election under 11 CFR 9034.4(e) shall also be allocated...

  3. 7 CFR 1781.7 - Loan and advance limitations and obligations incurred before loan closing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... for future water supply will not be used for acquiring property rights including lands, easements, and... 7 Agriculture 12 2014-01-01 2013-01-01 true Loan and advance limitations and obligations incurred... conditions. (vi) Facilities primary for treatment and distribution of water or for sewerage, collection...

  4. 11 CFR 106.2 - State allocation of expenditures incurred by authorized committees of Presidential primary...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... receiving or expecting to receive federal matching funds pursuant to 11 CFR parts 9031 et seq. The expenditures described in 11 CFR 106.2(b)(2) shall be allocated to a particular State if incurred by a.... Expenditures required to be allocated to the primary election under 11 CFR 9034.4(e) shall also be allocated...

  5. Evaluation of different parameters in the extraction of incurred pesticides and environmental contaminants in fish

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Sample processing is often ignored during analytical method development and validation, but accurate results for real samples depend on all aspects of the analytical process. Also, validation is often conducted only using spiked samples, but extraction yields may be lower in incurred samples. In thi...

  6. 26 CFR 31.3402(n)-1 - Employees incurring no income tax liability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ....3402(n)-1 Section 31.3402(n)-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY... TAX AT SOURCE Collection of Income Tax at Source § 31.3402(n)-1 Employees incurring no income tax... certificate under section 3402(n) and the regulations thereunder has been furnished to the employer. (c)...

  7. 26 CFR 31.3402(n)-1 - Employees incurring no income tax liability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ....3402(n)-1 Section 31.3402(n)-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY... TAX AT SOURCE Collection of Income Tax at Source § 31.3402(n)-1 Employees incurring no income tax... certificate under section 3402(n) and the regulations thereunder has been furnished to the employer. (c)...

  8. 26 CFR 31.3402(n)-1 - Employees incurring no income tax liability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ....3402(n)-1 Section 31.3402(n)-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY... TAX AT SOURCE Collection of Income Tax at Source § 31.3402(n)-1 Employees incurring no income tax... certificate under section 3402(n) and the regulations thereunder has been furnished to the employer. (c)...

  9. 7 CFR 1781.7 - Loan and advance limitations and obligations incurred before loan closing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 12 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Loan and advance limitations and obligations incurred before loan closing. 1781.7 Section 1781.7 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) RESOURCE CONSERVATION AND DEVELOPMENT (RCD) LOANS AND WATERSHED (WS)...

  10. 26 CFR 1.48-12 - Qualified rehabilitated building; expenditures incurred after December 31, 1981.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Qualified rehabilitated building; expenditures incurred after December 31, 1981. 1.48-12 Section 1.48-12 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY INCOME TAX INCOME TAXES Rules for Computing Credit for Investment in Certain Depreciable Property § 1.48-12...

  11. 26 CFR 1.48-12 - Qualified rehabilitated building; expenditures incurred after December 31, 1981.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 1 2014-04-01 2013-04-01 true Qualified rehabilitated building; expenditures incurred after December 31, 1981. 1.48-12 Section 1.48-12 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY INCOME TAX INCOME TAXES Rules for Computing Credit for Investment in Certain Depreciable Property § 1.48-12...

  12. 26 CFR 1.48-12 - Qualified rehabilitated building; expenditures incurred after December 31, 1981.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Qualified rehabilitated building; expenditures incurred after December 31, 1981. 1.48-12 Section 1.48-12 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY INCOME TAX INCOME TAXES Rules for Computing Credit for Investment in Certain Depreciable Property § 1.48-12...

  13. 41 CFR 302-16.203 - What are examples of types of costs not covered by the MEA?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Management Federal Travel Regulation System RELOCATION ALLOWANCES MISCELLANEOUS ALLOWANCES 16-ALLOWANCE FOR... locality; (g) Accident insurance premiums or liability costs incurred in connection with travel to the...

  14. The Cost of Training Apprentices. Occasional Paper

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nechvoglod, Lisa; Karmel, Tom; Saunders, John

    2009-01-01

    This report examines the costs that both employers and apprentices incur for undertaking training in the plumbing and electrical industries. The importance of understanding costs is fundamental. Employers will not take on apprentices if the cost is too high, and prospective apprentices will not undertake an apprenticeship if the future benefits…

  15. 2 CFR 215.27 - Allowable costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... CFR part 230, “Cost Principles for Non-Profit Organizations (OMB Circular A-122).” The allowability of... CFR part 220, “Cost Principles for Educational Institutions (OMB Circular A-21).” The allowability of costs incurred by hospitals is determined in accordance with the provisions of appendix E of 45 CFR...

  16. 7 CFR 701.23 - Eligible costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ....27. (b) Eligible costs shall be limited as follows: (1) Costs for use of personal equipment shall be limited to those incurred beyond the normal operation of the farm or ranch. (2) Costs for personal labor shall be limited to personal labor not normally required in the operation of the farm or ranch....

  17. 7 CFR 701.23 - Eligible costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... as follows: (1) Costs for use of personal equipment shall be limited to those incurred beyond the normal operation of the eligible land. (2) Costs for personal labor shall be limited to personal labor not normally required in the operation of the eligible land. (3) Costs for the use of...

  18. 7 CFR 1250.509 - USDA costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false USDA costs. 1250.509 Section 1250.509 Agriculture... Regulations General § 1250.509 USDA costs. Pursuant to § 1250.347 of the Order, the Board shall pay those administrative costs incurred by the U.S. Department of Agriculture for the conduct of its duties under the...

  19. 7 CFR 1207.508 - USDA costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false USDA costs. 1207.508 Section 1207.508 Agriculture... Rules and Regulations General § 1207.508 USDA costs. Pursuant to § 1207.341 of the Plan the Board shall pay those administrative costs incurred by the U.S. Department of Agriculture for the conduct of...

  20. 42 CFR 417.802 - Allowable costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... considered allowable for HCPP reimbursement are the same as those for reasonable cost HMOs and CMPs specified... and other Part B supplier services furnished under arrangements is an allowable cost to the extent it... reasonable if they— (A) Do not exceed those that a prudent and cost-conscious buyer would incur to...

  1. 10 CFR 765.11 - Reimbursable costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Reimbursable costs. 765.11 Section 765.11 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY REIMBURSEMENT FOR COSTS OF REMEDIAL ACTION AT ACTIVE URANIUM AND THORIUM PROCESSING... remedial action at the active thorium processing site shall be limited to costs incurred for...

  2. 20 CFR 416.1229 - Exclusion of payments received as compensation for expenses incurred or losses suffered as a...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... compensation for expenses incurred or losses suffered as a result of a crime. 416.1229 Section 416.1229... incurred or losses suffered as a result of a crime. (a) In determining the resources of an individual (and spouse, if any), any amount received from a fund established by a State to aid victims of crime...

  3. 20 CFR 416.1229 - Exclusion of payments received as compensation for expenses incurred or losses suffered as a...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... compensation for expenses incurred or losses suffered as a result of a crime. 416.1229 Section 416.1229... incurred or losses suffered as a result of a crime. (a) In determining the resources of an individual (and spouse, if any), any amount received from a fund established by a State to aid victims of crime...

  4. 20 CFR 416.1229 - Exclusion of payments received as compensation for expenses incurred or losses suffered as a...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... compensation for expenses incurred or losses suffered as a result of a crime. 416.1229 Section 416.1229... incurred or losses suffered as a result of a crime. (a) In determining the resources of an individual (and spouse, if any), any amount received from a fund established by a State to aid victims of crime...

  5. 20 CFR 416.1229 - Exclusion of payments received as compensation for expenses incurred or losses suffered as a...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... compensation for expenses incurred or losses suffered as a result of a crime. 416.1229 Section 416.1229... incurred or losses suffered as a result of a crime. (a) In determining the resources of an individual (and spouse, if any), any amount received from a fund established by a State to aid victims of crime...

  6. 20 CFR 416.1229 - Exclusion of payments received as compensation for expenses incurred or losses suffered as a...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... compensation for expenses incurred or losses suffered as a result of a crime. 416.1229 Section 416.1229... incurred or losses suffered as a result of a crime. (a) In determining the resources of an individual (and spouse, if any), any amount received from a fund established by a State to aid victims of crime...

  7. 26 CFR 1.263A-5 - Exception for qualified creative expenses incurred by certain free-lance authors, photographers...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 3 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Exception for qualified creative expenses incurred by certain free-lance authors, photographers, and artists. 1.263A-5 Section 1.263A-5 Internal... TAXES (CONTINUED) Items Not Deductible § 1.263A-5 Exception for qualified creative expenses incurred...

  8. 26 CFR 1.263A-5 - Exception for qualified creative expenses incurred by certain free-lance authors, photographers...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Exception for qualified creative expenses incurred by certain free-lance authors, photographers, and artists. 1.263A-5 Section 1.263A-5 Internal... TAXES Items Not Deductible § 1.263A-5 Exception for qualified creative expenses incurred by certain...

  9. 12 CFR 221.123 - Combined credit for exercising employee stock options and paying income taxes incurred as a...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... options and paying income taxes incurred as a result of such exercise. 221.123 Section 221.123 Banks and... income taxes incurred as a result of such exercise. (a) Section 221.4(a) and (b), which provides special... that might discourage the exercise of options because of tax complications would conflict with...

  10. 12 CFR 221.123 - Combined credit for exercising employee stock options and paying income taxes incurred as a...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... options and paying income taxes incurred as a result of such exercise. 221.123 Section 221.123 Banks and... options and paying income taxes incurred as a result of such exercise. (a) Section 221.4(a) and (b), which.... Taking a position that might discourage the exercise of options because of tax complications...

  11. 12 CFR 221.123 - Combined credit for exercising employee stock options and paying income taxes incurred as a...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... options and paying income taxes incurred as a result of such exercise. 221.123 Section 221.123 Banks and... income taxes incurred as a result of such exercise. (a) Section 221.4(a) and (b), which provides special... that might discourage the exercise of options because of tax complications would conflict with...

  12. 12 CFR 221.123 - Combined credit for exercising employee stock options and paying income taxes incurred as a...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... options and paying income taxes incurred as a result of such exercise. 221.123 Section 221.123 Banks and... income taxes incurred as a result of such exercise. (a) Section 221.4(a) and (b), which provides special... that might discourage the exercise of options because of tax complications would conflict with...

  13. 26 CFR 1.278-1 - Capital expenditures incurred in planting and developing citrus and almond groves.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... developing citrus and almond groves. 1.278-1 Section 1.278-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE... § 1.278-1 Capital expenditures incurred in planting and developing citrus and almond groves. (a..., or development of any citrus or almond grove (or part thereof), and which is incurred before...

  14. 26 CFR 1.278-1 - Capital expenditures incurred in planting and developing citrus and almond groves.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... developing citrus and almond groves. 1.278-1 Section 1.278-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE... Capital expenditures incurred in planting and developing citrus and almond groves. (a) General rule. (1)(i... any citrus or almond grove (or part thereof), and which is incurred before the close of the...

  15. 26 CFR 1.278-1 - Capital expenditures incurred in planting and developing citrus and almond groves.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... developing citrus and almond groves. 1.278-1 Section 1.278-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE... § 1.278-1 Capital expenditures incurred in planting and developing citrus and almond groves. (a..., or development of any citrus or almond grove (or part thereof), and which is incurred before...

  16. 26 CFR 1.278-1 - Capital expenditures incurred in planting and developing citrus and almond groves.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... developing citrus and almond groves. 1.278-1 Section 1.278-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE... § 1.278-1 Capital expenditures incurred in planting and developing citrus and almond groves. (a..., or development of any citrus or almond grove (or part thereof), and which is incurred before...

  17. 26 CFR 1.278-1 - Capital expenditures incurred in planting and developing citrus and almond groves.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... developing citrus and almond groves. 1.278-1 Section 1.278-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE... § 1.278-1 Capital expenditures incurred in planting and developing citrus and almond groves. (a..., or development of any citrus or almond grove (or part thereof), and which is incurred before...

  18. [The institutional care for incurable and dying patients in Bamberg around 1800].

    PubMed

    Langrieger, Hannes

    2010-01-01

    Opened in 1789, the Bamberg General Hospital has often been described as a mile stone on the road from the traditional hospital into an institution for the exclusive care of curable diseases. As this paper shows, however, the shift was much less clear-cut. Early plans for the hospital also envisaged several rooms for dying patients within the new building, and later its first medical director, Adalbert F. Marcus, explicitly demanded that also some incurable patients be admitted and assisted until their death. His demand was not heeded but eventually plans for a separate institution came up. In 1803, a nearby former seminary was turned into a hospital for incurables. This paper traces these developments and puts them into their context. PMID:21563370

  19. Squash ball to eye ball: the likelihood of squash players incurring an eye injury.

    PubMed

    Barrell, G V; Cooper, P J; Elkington, A R; Macfadyen, J M; Powell, R G; Tormey, P

    1981-10-01

    The records of the 118 patients treated as Southampton Eye Hospital during 1978-9 for injuries incurred while playing squash, badminton, tennis, table tennis, cricket, and football show that for squash the main cause of eye injury was the player being hit by the ball. Severe eye injuries--those requiring treatment as an inpatient--were rare but much more frequent than such injuries in other sports. Less serious injuries--those requiring treatment as an outpatient--were also rare, with a frequency comparable with that of similar injuries in football and badminton. Squash players are most unlikely to incur an eye injury, but should this occur it has far-reaching consequences both in the short and the long term. Each individual player must weigh these chances and consequences against the possible inconvenience of using some form of eye protection. PMID:6793167

  20. 48 CFR 31.205-32 - Precontract costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Precontract costs. 31.205... CONTRACTING REQUIREMENTS CONTRACT COST PRINCIPLES AND PROCEDURES Contracts With Commercial Organizations 31.205-32 Precontract costs. Precontract costs means costs incurred before the effective date of...

  1. 48 CFR 31.205-32 - Precontract costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Precontract costs. 31.205... CONTRACTING REQUIREMENTS CONTRACT COST PRINCIPLES AND PROCEDURES Contracts With Commercial Organizations 31.205-32 Precontract costs. Precontract costs means costs incurred before the effective date of...

  2. 48 CFR 31.205-32 - Precontract costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Precontract costs. 31.205... CONTRACTING REQUIREMENTS CONTRACT COST PRINCIPLES AND PROCEDURES Contracts With Commercial Organizations 31.205-32 Precontract costs. Precontract costs means costs incurred before the effective date of...

  3. 48 CFR 31.205-32 - Precontract costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Precontract costs. 31.205... CONTRACTING REQUIREMENTS CONTRACT COST PRINCIPLES AND PROCEDURES Contracts With Commercial Organizations 31.205-32 Precontract costs. Precontract costs means costs incurred before the effective date of...

  4. Evaluation of different parameters in the extraction of incurred pesticides and environmental contaminants in fish.

    PubMed

    Sapozhnikova, Yelena; Lehotay, Steven J

    2015-06-01

    Sample processing is often ignored during analytical method development and validation, but accurate results for real samples depend on all aspects of the analytical process. Also, validation is often conducted using only spiked samples, but extraction yields may be lower in incurred samples. In this study, different variables in extraction for incurred pesticides and environmental contaminants in fish were investigated. Among 207 analytes screened using low-pressure gas chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry, consisting of 150 pesticides, 15 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), 14 polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), 6 polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), and 22 other flame retardants (FRs), 35 (16 pesticides, 9 PCBs, 5 PBDEs, and 5 PAHs) were identified for quantification in samples of salmon, croaker, and NIST Standard Reference Material 1947 (Lake Michigan Fish Tissue). Extraction efficiencies using different extraction devices (blending, vortexing, and vibrating) versus time, sample size, and sample/solvent ratio were determined. In comparison to blending results, use of a pulsed-vortexer for 1 min with 1/1 (g/mL) sample/acetonitrile ratio was generally sufficient to extract the incurred contaminants in the homogenized fish tissues. Conversely, extraction with a prototype vibration shaker often took 60 min to achieve 100% extraction efficiency. A main conclusion from this study is that accurate results for real samples can be obtained using batch extraction with a pulsed-vortexer in a simple and efficient method that achieves high sample throughput. PMID:25686151

  5. Emission projections for the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Section 812 second prospective Clean Air Act cost/benefit analysis.

    PubMed

    Wilson, James H; Mullen, Maureen A; Bollman, Andrew D; Thesing, Kirstin B; Salhotra, Manish; Divita, Frank; Neumann, James E; Price, Jason C; DeMocker, James

    2008-05-01

    Section 812 of the Clean Air Act Amendments (CAAA) of 1990 requires the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to perform periodic, comprehensive analyses of the total costs and total benefits of programs implemented pursuant to the CAAA. The first prospective analysis was completed in 1999. The second prospective analysis was initiated during 2005. The first step in the second prospective analysis was the development of base and projection year emission estimates that will be used to generate benefit estimates of CAAA programs. This paper describes the analysis, methods, and results of the recently completed emission projections. There are several unique features of this analysis. One is the use of consistent economic assumptions from the Department of Energy's Annual Energy Outlook 2005 (AEO 2005) projections as the basis for estimating 2010 and 2020 emissions for all sectors. Another is the analysis of the different emissions paths for both with and without CAAA scenarios. Other features of this analysis include being the first EPA analysis that uses the 2002 National Emission Inventory files as the basis for making 48-state emission projections, incorporating control factor files from the Regional Planning Organizations (RPOs) that had completed emission projections at the time the analysis was performed, and modeling the emission benefits of the expected adoption of measures to meet the 8-hr ozone National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS), the Clean Air Visibility Rule, and the PM2.5 NAAQS. This analysis shows that the 1990 CAAA have produced significant reductions in criteria pollutant emissions since 1990 and that these emission reductions are expected to continue through 2020. CAAA provisions have reduced volatile organic compound (VOC) emissions by approximately 7 million t/yr by 2000, and are estimated to produce associated VOC emission reductions of 16.7 million t by 2020. Total oxides of nitrogen (NO(x)) emission reductions attributable to the

  6. 20 CFR 411.582 - Can a State VR agency receive payment under the cost reimbursement payment system if a continuous...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION THE TICKET TO WORK AND SELF-SUFFICIENCY PROGRAM Employment Network Payment...? Yes. If a State VR agency provides services to a beneficiary under 34 CFR part 361, and elects...

  7. The cost of IT security.

    PubMed

    McMillan, Mac

    2015-04-01

    Breaches in data security have become commonplace in health care, making IT security a necessary cost for healthcare organizations. Organizations that do not invest proactively in IT security face a significant risk of incurring much greater costs from incidents involving compromised data security. Direct costs of security breaches include the costs of discovery, response, investigation, and notification and also can include state or federal penalties and costs of compliance with corrective action plans and resolution agreements. Hidden costs can include damage to brand, loss of consumer confidence, reduced HCAHPS scores, and--by extension--reduced value-based purchasing payments. PMID:26665523

  8. 45 CFR 1386.25 - Allowable litigation costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ..., DEVELOPMENTAL DISABILITIES PROGRAM FORMULA GRANT PROGRAMS State System for Protection and Advocacy of the Rights... be used to pay the otherwise allowable costs incurred by a Protection and Advocacy System in...

  9. 45 CFR 1386.25 - Allowable litigation costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ..., DEVELOPMENTAL DISABILITIES PROGRAM FORMULA GRANT PROGRAMS State System for Protection and Advocacy of the Rights... be used to pay the otherwise allowable costs incurred by a Protection and Advocacy System in...

  10. Evaluation of weekly paclitaxel, carboplatin, and cetuximab in head and neck cancer patients with incurable disease.

    PubMed

    Narveson, Lisa; Kathol, Emily; Rockey, Michelle; Henry, David; Grauer, Dennis; Neupane, Prakash

    2016-10-01

    Weekly paclitaxel, carboplatin, and cetuximab (PCC) has been found to be efficacious and well-tolerated in patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN) with good performance status (PS) when used as induction chemotherapy. Use of PCC in incurable SCCHN in patients with poor PS or in a non-induction setting is an area which warrants further evaluation. Current recommendations for incurable disease consist of a platinum-based regimen with fluorouracil and cetuximab. Studied in patients with PS of 0 to 1, the fluorouracil-based regimens were associated with significant toxicities. Therefore, weekly PCC may offer an appealing, less toxic alternative for incurable patients with poor PS. This retrospective analysis evaluated 41 patients with very advanced or metastatic head and neck cancer who had received PCC (paclitaxel 80 mg/m(2), carboplatin AUC 2, and a cetuximab 400 mg/m(2) loading dose, followed by 250 mg/m(2) weekly) for up to 6 cycles between April 2008 and September 2014. Maximal response achieved and progression-free survival (PFS), as well as dose intensity and adverse effects, were evaluated. Of the 41 patients evaluated, baseline PS ranged as follows: PS of 2 (41 %), PS of 1 (54 %), and PS of 0 (5 %). Patients received 2 to 6 cycles, averaging 4 cycles. Thirty-one patients (76 %) required treatment to be held, delayed or dose reduced, most commonly for hematologic toxicities. Grades 3/4 neutropenia occurred in 16 patients (39 %), grades 1/2 neutropenia in 12 patients (29 %), with grades 3/4 thrombocytopenia in 1 patient (2 %), and grades 1/2 thrombocytopenia in 2 patients (4 %). No patients developed febrile neutropenia or required hospitalization due to treatment. Partial radiographic response occurred in 15 patients (37 %), complete radiographic response in 2 patients (5 %), stable disease in 14 patients (34 %), and progression in 8 patients (20 %). PFS ranged from 1.6 to 45 months, with a median duration of 4.6

  11. 20 CFR 641.856 - What functions and activities constitute costs of administration?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... systems and procedures, including information systems, required for these administrative functions; (2...) Travel costs incurred for official business in carrying out administrative activities or the overall management of the program; and (5) Costs of information systems related to administrative functions...

  12. Economic Cost of a Listeria monocytogenes Outbreak in Canada, 2008

    PubMed Central

    Vriezen, Rachael; Farber, Jeffrey M.; Currie, Andrea; Schlech, Walter; Fazil, Aamir

    2015-01-01

    Abstract Estimates of the economic costs associated with foodborne disease are important to inform public health decision-making. In 2008, 57 cases of listeriosis and 24 deaths in Canada were linked to contaminated delicatessen meat from one meat processing plant. Costs associated with the cases (including medical costs, nonmedical costs, and productivity losses) and those incurred by the implicated plant and federal agencies responding to the outbreak were estimated to be nearly $242 million Canadian dollars (CAD, 2008). Case costs alone were estimated at approximately $2.8 million (CAD, 2008) including loss of life. This demonstrates the considerable economic burden at both the individual and population levels associated with foodborne disease and foodborne outbreaks in particular. Foodborne outbreaks due to severe pathogens, such as Listeria monocytogenes and those that result in product recalls, are typically the most costly from the individual and/or societal perspective. Additional economic estimates of foodborne disease would contribute to our understanding of the burden of foodborne disease in Canada and would support the need for ongoing prevention and control activities. PMID:26583272

  13. 41 CFR 301-2.3 - What standard of care must I use in incurring travel expenses?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Management Federal Travel Regulation System TEMPORARY DUTY (TDY) TRAVEL ALLOWANCES INTRODUCTION 2-GENERAL... same care in incurring expenses that a prudent person would exercise if traveling on personal business....

  14. 28 CFR 100.14 - Directly allocable costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 100.14 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) COST RECOVERY REGULATIONS, COMMUNICATIONS ASSISTANCE FOR LAW ENFORCEMENT ACT OF 1994 § 100.14 Directly allocable costs. (a) A cost is directly allocable to the CALEA compliance effort: (1) If it is a plant cost incurred specifically to...

  15. 28 CFR 100.14 - Directly allocable costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 100.14 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) COST RECOVERY REGULATIONS, COMMUNICATIONS ASSISTANCE FOR LAW ENFORCEMENT ACT OF 1994 § 100.14 Directly allocable costs. (a) A cost is directly allocable to the CALEA compliance effort: (1) If it is a plant cost incurred specifically to...

  16. 40 CFR 610.14 - Payment of program costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... the Administrator's initiative, including the cost of purchasing any necessary quantity of the device... which are incurred by the Administrator. The manufacturer shall also be liable for the cost of any... from the costs of testing a device, EPA shall be responsible for costs of formulating its...

  17. 28 CFR 100.14 - Directly allocable costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 100.14 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) COST RECOVERY REGULATIONS, COMMUNICATIONS ASSISTANCE FOR LAW ENFORCEMENT ACT OF 1994 § 100.14 Directly allocable costs. (a) A cost is directly allocable to the CALEA compliance effort: (1) If it is a plant cost incurred specifically to...

  18. 28 CFR 100.14 - Directly allocable costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 100.14 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) COST RECOVERY REGULATIONS, COMMUNICATIONS ASSISTANCE FOR LAW ENFORCEMENT ACT OF 1994 § 100.14 Directly allocable costs. (a) A cost is directly allocable to the CALEA compliance effort: (1) If it is a plant cost incurred specifically to...

  19. 28 CFR 100.14 - Directly allocable costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 100.14 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) COST RECOVERY REGULATIONS, COMMUNICATIONS ASSISTANCE FOR LAW ENFORCEMENT ACT OF 1994 § 100.14 Directly allocable costs. (a) A cost is directly allocable to the CALEA compliance effort: (1) If it is a plant cost incurred specifically to...

  20. 48 CFR 1852.231-70 - Precontract costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Precontract costs. 1852... 1852.231-70 Precontract costs. As prescribed in 1831.205-70, insert the following clause: Precontract Costs (JUN 1995) The contractor shall be entitled to reimbursement for costs incurred on or...

  1. 48 CFR 2052.231-70 - Precontract costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Precontract costs. 2052... Precontract costs. As prescribed in 2031.109-70, following clause may be used in all cost type contracts when costs in connection with work under the contract will be incurred by the contractor before the...

  2. 42 CFR 417.538 - Enrollment and marketing costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Enrollment and marketing costs. 417.538 Section 417... HEALTH CARE PREPAYMENT PLANS Medicare Payment: Cost Basis § 417.538 Enrollment and marketing costs. (a) Principle. Costs incurred by an HMO or CMP in performing the enrollment and marketing activities...

  3. 42 CFR 417.538 - Enrollment and marketing costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Enrollment and marketing costs. 417.538 Section 417... PREPAYMENT PLANS Medicare Payment: Cost Basis § 417.538 Enrollment and marketing costs. (a) Principle. Costs incurred by an HMO or CMP in performing the enrollment and marketing activities described in subpart k...

  4. 42 CFR 417.538 - Enrollment and marketing costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Enrollment and marketing costs. 417.538 Section 417... HEALTH CARE PREPAYMENT PLANS Medicare Payment: Cost Basis § 417.538 Enrollment and marketing costs. (a) Principle. Costs incurred by an HMO or CMP in performing the enrollment and marketing activities...

  5. 42 CFR 417.538 - Enrollment and marketing costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Enrollment and marketing costs. 417.538 Section 417... PREPAYMENT PLANS Medicare Payment: Cost Basis § 417.538 Enrollment and marketing costs. (a) Principle. Costs incurred by an HMO or CMP in performing the enrollment and marketing activities described in subpart k...

  6. 42 CFR 417.538 - Enrollment and marketing costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Enrollment and marketing costs. 417.538 Section 417... HEALTH CARE PREPAYMENT PLANS Medicare Payment: Cost Basis § 417.538 Enrollment and marketing costs. (a) Principle. Costs incurred by an HMO or CMP in performing the enrollment and marketing activities...

  7. 48 CFR 31.205-21 - Labor relations costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Labor relations costs. 31....205-21 Labor relations costs. (a) Costs incurred in maintaining satisfactory relations between the... costs of shop stewards, labor management committees, employee publications, and other related...

  8. 48 CFR 31.205-21 - Labor relations costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Labor relations costs. 31....205-21 Labor relations costs. (a) Costs incurred in maintaining satisfactory relations between the... costs of shop stewards, labor management committees, employee publications, and other related...

  9. 48 CFR 31.205-21 - Labor relations costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Labor relations costs. 31....205-21 Labor relations costs. (a) Costs incurred in maintaining satisfactory relations between the... costs of shop stewards, labor management committees, employee publications, and other related...

  10. 41 CFR 102-192.160 - What less costly alternatives to expedited mail and couriers should your agency-wide mail...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... expedited mail and couriers: (a) Electronic transmission via e-mail. (b) Facsimile transmission. (c... alternatives to expedited mail and couriers should your agency-wide mail management policy address? 102-192.160... System (Continued) FEDERAL MANAGEMENT REGULATION ADMINISTRATIVE PROGRAMS 192-MAIL MANAGEMENT Other...

  11. 41 CFR 102-192.160 - What less costly alternatives to expedited mail and couriers should your agency-wide mail...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... expedited mail and couriers: (a) Electronic transmission via e-mail. (b) Facsimile transmission. (c... alternatives to expedited mail and couriers should your agency-wide mail management policy address? 102-192.160... System (Continued) FEDERAL MANAGEMENT REGULATION ADMINISTRATIVE PROGRAMS 192-MAIL MANAGEMENT Other...

  12. 41 CFR 102-192.160 - What less costly alternatives to expedited mail and couriers should your agency-wide mail...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... expedited mail and couriers: (a) Electronic transmission via e-mail. (b) Facsimile transmission. (c... alternatives to expedited mail and couriers should your agency-wide mail management policy address? 102-192.160... System (Continued) FEDERAL MANAGEMENT REGULATION ADMINISTRATIVE PROGRAMS 192-MAIL MANAGEMENT Other...

  13. Longterm effects of palliative local treatment of incurable metastatic lesions in colorectal cancer patients

    PubMed Central

    Huang, Yuanyuan; Jiang, Chang; Liu, Shousheng; He, Wenzhuo; Kong, Pengfei; Zhang, Bei; Xia, Liangping

    2016-01-01

    We assessed the value of palliative local treatment of incurable metastatic lesions in colorectal cancer patients. Consecutive patients with metastatic colorectal cancer treated between 2003 and 2014 were retrospectively reviewed. Propensity score matching was used to create comparable palliative local treatment and chemotherapy alone groups (n = 272 in each group). The primary endpoint was overall survival, which was calculated using Kaplan-Meier survival analyses. Factors possibly influencing survival were evaluated by univariate and subsequently by multivariate analyses. Palliative local treatment prolonged survival as compared with chemotherapy alone (38.73 vs. 19.8 months, p < 0.01). Univariate and subsequent multivariate analyses showed that primary stage IV at initial diagnosis; high CA199 level and LDH at the time of diagnosis were independent factors for a poor prognosis. Palliative local treatment improved survival better than chemotherapy alone in patients with 0, 1, 2, or 3 of the prognostic factors (p < 0.01). Patients administered treatment for pulmonary metastases survived longer than those treated for metastases elsewhere (56.77 vs. 35.43 months, p = 0.01). Surgical treatment provided marginally longer survival than non-surgical treatment (44.87 vs. 35.43 months, p = 0.05). These findings suggest palliative local treatment has survival benefit for selected patients with incurable metastatic colorectal cancer. PMID:26992234

  14. Interlaboratory comparison of methods for the determination of incurred tilmicosin residues in bovine liver.

    PubMed

    Clark, Susan B; O'Rangers, John J; Rowe, W Douglas; Madson, Mark R; Hurlbut, Jeffrey A; Sofos, John N; Fuerst, Brenda; James, Glenda; Griffith, Sydney; Readnour, Robin S

    2002-01-01

    The objective of this study was to compare 2 methods for the determination of tilmicosin residues in bovine liver samples. Three laboratories participated in the comparison of the 2 methods. The first method was described in a New Animal Drug Application (NADA 140-929), and the second was a modification of that method in which hexane was substituted for carbon tetrachloride in one cleanup step. Each of the 3 laboratories analyzed subsamples of 10 bovine livers containing incurred tilmicosin. Residues ranged from 2.3 to 81 ppm tilmicosin in the 10 liver samples with an 11.8% relative standard deviation obtained by using both methods. In addition, fortified-control liver tissue samples were analyzed concurrently with tissues containing incurred residues by using the modified method in one of the laboratories. The fortification levels ranged from 0.3 to 112 ppm, with recoveries ranging from 76 to 92%. The results from the 3 laboratories were comparable, indicating that the modified method was not only as effective as the original NADA method, but also more desirable because of the change to a less hazardous solvent. PMID:12477187

  15. Costs of Juvenile Violence: Policy Implications.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, Ted; Fisher, Deborah A.; Cohen, Mark A.

    2001-01-01

    Investigated the magnitude of juvenile violence in Pennsylvania in terms of victimization and perpetration. Used archival data on violent crimes in Pennsylvania during 1993 to develop cost estimates reflecting the costs incurred by society for both victims and perpetrators. Overall, violence against children and adolescents proved to be a much…

  16. 41 CFR 302-11.5 - To be reimbursed for expenses incurred in my residence transactions, must I occupy the residence...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... expenses incurred in my residence transactions, must I occupy the residence at the time I am notified of my... System RELOCATION ALLOWANCES RESIDENCE TRANSACTION ALLOWANCES 11-ALLOWANCES FOR EXPENSES INCURRED IN CONNECTION WITH RESIDENCE TRANSACTIONS General Rules § 302-11.5 To be reimbursed for expenses incurred in...

  17. Economically and environmentally informed policy for road resurfacing: tradeoffs between costs and greenhouse gas emissions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Reger, Darren; Madanat, Samer; Horvath, Arpad

    2014-10-01

    As road conditions worsen, users experience an increase in fuel consumption and vehicle wear and tear. This increases the costs incurred by the drivers, and also increases the amount of greenhouse gases (GHGs) that vehicles emit. Pavement condition can be improved through rehabilitation activities (resurfacing) to reduce the effects on users, but these activities also have significant cost and GHG emission impacts. The objective of pavement management is to minimize total societal (user and agency) costs. However, the environmental impacts associated with the cost-minimizing policy are not currently accounted for. We show that there exists a range of potentially optimal decisions, known as the Pareto frontier, in which it is not possible to decrease total emissions without increasing total costs and vice versa. This research explores these tradeoffs for a system of pavement segments. For a case study, a network was created from a subset of California’s highways using available traffic data. It was shown that the current resurfacing strategy used by the state’s transportation agency, Caltrans, does not fall on the Pareto frontier, meaning that significant savings in both total costs and total emissions can be achieved by switching to one of the optimal policies. The methods presented in this paper also allow the decision maker to evaluate the impact of other policies, such as reduced vehicle kilometers traveled or better construction standards.

  18. 30 CFR 229.109 - Reimbursement for costs incurred by a State under the delegation of authority.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... authority. (a) The Department of the Interior (DOI) shall reimburse the State for 100 percent of the direct... maintain books and records in accordance with the standards established by the DOI and will provide the...

  19. 42 CFR 412.105 - Special treatment: Hospitals that incur indirect costs for graduate medical education programs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES MEDICARE PROGRAM PROSPECTIVE PAYMENT... by the appropriate accrediting body or temporarily trained residents at another hospital(s) until the...: For Federal Register citations affecting § 412.105, see the List of CFR Sections Affected,...

  20. 42 CFR 412.105 - Special treatment: Hospitals that incur indirect costs for graduate medical education programs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES MEDICARE PROGRAM PROSPECTIVE PAYMENT... appropriate accrediting body or temporarily trained residents at another hospital(s) until the facility was...: For Federal Register citations affecting § 412.105, see the List of CFR Sections Affected,...

  1. 42 CFR 412.105 - Special treatment: Hospitals that incur indirect costs for graduate medical education programs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES MEDICARE PROGRAM PROSPECTIVE PAYMENT... by the appropriate accrediting body or temporarily trained residents at another hospital(s) until the...: For Federal Register citations affecting § 412.105, see the List of CFR Sections Affected,...

  2. 42 CFR 412.105 - Special treatment: Hospitals that incur indirect costs for graduate medical education programs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES MEDICARE PROGRAM PROSPECTIVE PAYMENT... by the appropriate accrediting body or temporarily trained residents at another hospital(s) until the...: For Federal Register citations affecting § 412.105, see the List of CFR Sections Affected,...

  3. A cost analysis of family planning in Bangladesh.

    PubMed

    Fiedler, J L; Day, L M

    1997-01-01

    This article presents a step-down cost analysis using secondary data sources from 26 Bangladesh non-government organizations (NGOs) providing family planning services under a US Agency for International Development-funded umbrella organization. The unit costs of the NGOs' Maternal-Child Health (MCH) clinics and community-based distribution (CBD) systems were calculated and found to be minimally different. Several simulations were conducted to investigate the impact of alternative cost-reduction measures. The more general financial analysis proved more insightful than the unit cost analysis in terms of identifying means by which to improve the efficiency of the family planning operations of these NGOs. The analysis revealed that 56 per cent of total expenditures in the two-tiered umbrella's organizational structure are incurred in management operations and overheads. Of the remaining 44 per cent of project expenditures, 39 per cent is spent on the CBD program and 5 per cent on the MCH clinics. Within the CBD program, most resources are spent providing 4 million contacts (two-thirds of the annual total) which do not involve contraceptive re-supply. The clinics devote more resources to providing MCH services than to providing family planning services. The findings suggest that significant savings could be generated by containing administrative costs, improving operational efficiency, and reducing unnecessary or redundant fieldworker contacts. The magnitude of the potential savings raises a fundamental question about the continued viability and sustainability of this supply-driven CBD strategy. PMID:10177415

  4. Degradation of incurred tylosin to desmycosin--implications for residue analysis of honey.

    PubMed

    Thompson, Thomas S; Pernal, Stephen F; Noot, Donald K; Melathopoulos, Adony P; van den Heever, Johan P

    2007-03-14

    As a result of the application of tylosin to honey bee colonies for the control of American foulbrood disease, antibiotic residues may exist in honey destined for human consumption. It has been recognized that the parent compound, tylosin A, degrades in acidic media such as honey to yield the antimicrobially active degradation product, desmycosin. Data is presented documenting levels of incurred tylosin and desmycosin in honey resulting from simulated therapeutic applications of a commercial formulation of tylosin during the fall. It is demonstrated that honey destined for human consumption should be analyzed for both tylosin A and desmycosin (tylosin B) rather than the parent antibiotic alone. An analytical method that permits the simultaneous determination of tylosin A and desmycosin in honey using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry is also presented. PMID:17386728

  5. Debris Flow Damage Incurred to Buildings: An In-Situ Back Analysis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jalayer, Fatemeh; Aronica, Giuseppe T.; Recupero, Antonino; Carozza, Stefano; Manfredi, Gaetano

    2016-04-01

    The flash-flood debris event of the October 1st 2009 in the area of Messina, Sicily, Italy has led to loss of life and significant damage to the constructed environment. Focusing the attention on an eighteenth masonry building (damaged and upgraded after the Messina-Reggio Calabria Earthquake of 1906) located in the village of Scaletta Zanclea, we have strived to reconstruct analytically the damages incurred to this building due to the debris flow event of 2009. In order to re-construct the damages incurred to the building due to the flash flood/debris flow event, hydrostatic and hydrodynamic force envelopes, calculated via a 2D hydrodynamic finite element model specifically designed for debris flow spatial propagation, have been applied to the building in question (assuming perfect coherence between static and dynamic maxima). The hydrograph for the solid discharge is then estimated by scaling up the liquid volume to the estimated debris volume. The hydrodynamic model used for the debris flow propagation proved to be well suited for these specific applications. The debris flow diffusion is simulated by solving the differential equations for a single-phase 2D flow employing triangular mesh elements, taking into account also the channeling of the flow through the building. The damage to the building is modeled, based on the maximum hydraulic actions caused by the debris flow, using 2D finite shell elements, modeling the boundary conditions provided by the openings, floor slab, orthogonal wall panels and the foundation. The finite element approach showed its capability in describing the complex geometries of the urban environments as the distributed nature of the 2D code allows to derive a reliable spatial distribution of debris flow actions. The reconstruction of the event and the damages to the case-study building confirms the location of the damages induced by the event.

  6. Bereaved relatives’ experiences during the incurable phase of cancer: a qualitative interview study

    PubMed Central

    Wijnhoven, Marleen N; Terpstra, Wim E; van Rossem, Ronald; Haazer, Carolien; Gunnink-Boonstra, Nicolette; Sonke, Gabe S; Buiting, Hilde M

    2015-01-01

    Objective To examine bereaved relatives’ experiences from time of diagnosis of incurable cancer until death with specific emphasis on their role in the (end-of-life) decision-making concerning chemotherapy. Design Qualitative interview study. Setting Hospital-based. Participants and methods In-depth interviews with 15 close relatives of patients who died from non-small cell lung cancer or pancreatic cancer, using a thematic content analysis. Results All relatives reported that patients’ main reason to request chemotherapy was the possibility to prolong life. Relatives reported that patients receiving chemotherapy had more difficulty to accept the incurable nature of their disease than patients who did not. They mostly followed the patients’ treatment wish and only infrequently suggested ceasing chemotherapy (because of side effects) despite sometimes believing that this would be a better option. Relatives continuously tried to support the patient in either approaching the death or in attaining hope to continue life satisfactorily. Most relatives considered the chemotherapy period meaningful, since it sparked patients’ hope and was what patients wanted. Cessation of chemotherapy caused a relief but coincided with physical deterioration and an increased caregivers’ role; many relatives recalled this latter period as more burdensome. Conclusions Relatives tend to follow patients’ wish to continue or cease chemotherapy, without expressing their own feelings, although they were more inclined to opt cessation. They experience a greater caregiver role after cessation and their feelings of responsibility associated with the disease can be exhausting. More attention is needed to reduce relatives’ distress at the end of life, also to fully profit from this crucial form of (informal) healthcare. PMID:26608635

  7. EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) evaluation of the HYDRO-VAC device under Section 511 of the Motor Vehicle Information and Cost Savings Act. Technical report

    SciTech Connect

    Syria, S.L.

    1983-08-01

    This document announces the conclusions of the EPA evaluation of the HYDRO-VAC device under section 511 of the Motor Vehicle Information and Cost Savings Act. The evaluation of the HYDRO-VAC device was conducted upon the application of the manufacturer. The product is claimed to improved fuel economy and performance for both gasoline and diesel fueled vehicles.

  8. 29 CFR 1625.10 - Costs and benefits under employee benefit plans.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... extent necessary to achieve approximate equivalency in cost for older and younger workers. A benefit plan... incurred, in behalf of an older worker is equal to that made or incurred in behalf of a younger worker... to younger workers, there is no violation of section 4(a), and accordingly the practice does not...

  9. Environmental Protection Agency evaluation of the AUTOTHERM Energy Conservation System under Section 511 of the Motor Vehicle Information and Cost Savings Act. Technical report

    SciTech Connect

    Pidgeon, W.M.

    1985-01-01

    The document announces the conclusions of the EPA evaluation of the AUTOTHERM Energy Conservation System device under the provisions of Section 511 of the Motor Vehicle Information and Cost Savings Act. The evaluation of the AUTOTHERM Energy Conservation System was conducted upon the application of the manufacturer. The device allows using the vehicle's heater while parked with the engine off. Using the device is claimed to: (1) conserve fuel, (2) eliminate the exhaust pollutants that are generated when vehicle warmth is maintained by idling the engine, and, (3) lower maintenance costs. The device is also claimed to improve safety by eliminating the need to leave an unattended vehicle with its engine idling to maintain warmth. Carbon monoxide poisoning risks are also alleviated. EPA fully considered all of the information submitted by the applicant. The evaluation of the AUTOTHERM Energy Conservation System was based on that information and the results of an Air Force test project.

  10. 20 CFR 627.445 - Limitations on certain costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... title II-C programs. (3) The title II-B administrative cost limitation of 15 percent shall be 15 percent... (a) and (b) of this section (section 161(b)). (d) Administrative costs incurred by a community-based... shall establish a system to regularly assess compliance with the cost limitations including...

  11. 2 CFR 200.457 - Plant and security costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 2 Grants and Agreements 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Plant and security costs. 200.457 Section... Cost § 200.457 Plant and security costs. Necessary and reasonable expenses incurred for routine and.... Capital expenditures for plant security purposes are subject to § 200.439 Equipment and other...

  12. 48 CFR 31.205-31 - Plant reconversion costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Plant reconversion costs. 31.205-31 Section 31.205-31 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION... Organizations 31.205-31 Plant reconversion costs. Plant reconversion costs are those incurred in restoring...

  13. 48 CFR 31.205-31 - Plant reconversion costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Plant reconversion costs. 31.205-31 Section 31.205-31 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION... Organizations 31.205-31 Plant reconversion costs. Plant reconversion costs are those incurred in restoring...

  14. 48 CFR 12.214 - Cost Accounting Standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... actual costs incurred). See 48 CFR 30.201-1 for CAS applicability to fixed-price with economic price... prescribed in 48 CFR 30.201. ... Items 12.214 Cost Accounting Standards. Cost Accounting Standards (CAS) do not apply to contracts...

  15. 48 CFR 12.214 - Cost Accounting Standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... actual costs incurred). See 48 CFR 30.201-1 for CAS applicability to fixed-price with economic price... prescribed in 48 CFR 30.201. ... Items 12.214 Cost Accounting Standards. Cost Accounting Standards (CAS) do not apply to contracts...

  16. 48 CFR 12.214 - Cost Accounting Standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... actual costs incurred). See 48 CFR 30.201-1 for CAS applicability to fixed-price with economic price... prescribed in 48 CFR 30.201. ... Items 12.214 Cost Accounting Standards. Cost Accounting Standards (CAS) do not apply to contracts...

  17. 48 CFR 12.214 - Cost Accounting Standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... actual costs incurred). See 48 CFR 30.201-1 for CAS applicability to fixed-price with economic price... prescribed in 48 CFR 30.201. ... Items 12.214 Cost Accounting Standards. Cost Accounting Standards (CAS) do not apply to contracts...

  18. 48 CFR 31.205-30 - Patent costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Patent costs. 31.205-30....205-30 Patent costs. (a) The following patent costs are allowable to the extent that they are incurred... patent application where title or royalty-free license is to be conveyed to the Government. (b)...

  19. 48 CFR 31.205-30 - Patent costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Patent costs. 31.205-30....205-30 Patent costs. (a) The following patent costs are allowable to the extent that they are incurred... patent application where title or royalty-free license is to be conveyed to the Government. (b)...

  20. 48 CFR 31.205-30 - Patent costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Patent costs. 31.205-30....205-30 Patent costs. (a) The following patent costs are allowable to the extent that they are incurred... patent application where title or royalty-free license is to be conveyed to the Government. (b)...

  1. 48 CFR 31.205-30 - Patent costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Patent costs. 31.205-30....205-30 Patent costs. (a) The following patent costs are allowable to the extent that they are incurred... patent application where title or royalty-free license is to be conveyed to the Government. (b)...

  2. 48 CFR 31.205-30 - Patent costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Patent costs. 31.205-30....205-30 Patent costs. (a) The following patent costs are allowable to the extent that they are incurred... patent application where title or royalty-free license is to be conveyed to the Government. (b)...

  3. Wireless data communication alternatives for small public safety agencies: how one community cost-effectively solved its expanding field data requirements

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Canning, Ryan M.; Lefebvre, Eric

    2005-06-01

    A growing number of Public Safety agencies have begun leveraging wireless data communication technology to improve tactical response capabilities as well as overall productivity. For years police departments subscribed to CDPD (Cellular Digital Packet Data) services to provide officers with basic dispatch data and criminal database access. Now as cellular carriers have deactivated CDPD and shifted to 2.5G and 3G data services such as 1xRTT, GPRS and EDGE, police departments are scrambling to fill the void. Not surprisingly, the extraordinary investments cellular carriers made to upgrade their infrastructures have been transferred to the customer, with monthly fees running as high as $80 a month per user. It's no wonder public safety agencies have been reluctant to adopt these services. Lost in the fray are those smaller police departments which account for nearly 90% of the nation's total. This group has increasingly sought out alternative data communication solutions that are not predicated on budget-busting monthly access fees. One such example is the Marco Island Police Department (MIPD) in Southwestern Florida that received a Federal grant to augment its existing voice communications with data. After evaluating several different technologies and vendors, MIPD chose a 900 MHz ad hoc mesh network solution based on its ability to provide reliable, high-speed and secure IP-based data communications over extensive distances. This paper will discuss technical details of Marco Island's mobile mesh network implementation; including: coverage area with 900 MHz spread spectrum radios, strategic repeater tower placement, interference, throughput performance, and the necessity for application-persistence software.

  4. Responsibilities of Health Care Professionals in Counseling and Educating Patients With Incurable Neurological Diseases Regarding "Stem Cell Tourism": Caveat Emptor.

    PubMed

    Bowman, Michelle; Racke, Michael; Kissel, John; Imitola, Jaime

    2015-11-01

    "Stem cell tourism" is a rising Internet-based industry that aims to offer unproven procedures to patients with incurable diseases. This unregulated activity is reaching the neurologist's office as well as across the world, as patients request information or clearance for such procedures. Herein, we posit the need for medical societies and licensing boards to bring this issue to the forefront of neurology because it has the potential to affect patient care with risk of morbidity and mortality, as well as to undermine public confidence in legitimate stem cell research for incurable neurological diseases such as multiple sclerosis and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. PMID:26322563

  5. 48 CFR 52.230-3 - Disclosure and Consistency of Cost Accounting Practices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ..., Consistency in Allocating Costs Incurred for the Same Purpose; 48 CFR 9904.405, Accounting for Unallowable Costs; and 48 CFR 9904.406, Cost Accounting Standard-Cost Accounting Period, in effect on the date of... cost accounting practice and the Contracting Officer has made the finding required in 48 CFR...

  6. 48 CFR 52.230-3 - Disclosure and Consistency of Cost Accounting Practices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ..., Consistency in Allocating Costs Incurred for the Same Purpose; 48 CFR 9904.405, Accounting for Unallowable Costs; and 48 CFR 9904.406, Cost Accounting Standard-Cost Accounting Period, in effect on the date of... cost accounting practice and the Contracting Officer has made the finding required in 48 CFR...

  7. 48 CFR 52.230-3 - Disclosure and Consistency of Cost Accounting Practices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ..., Consistency in Allocating Costs Incurred for the Same Purpose; 48 CFR 9904.405, Accounting for Unallowable Costs; and 48 CFR 9904.406, Cost Accounting Standard-Cost Accounting Period, in effect on the date of... cost accounting practice and the Contracting Officer has made the finding required in 48 CFR...

  8. 48 CFR 52.230-3 - Disclosure and Consistency of Cost Accounting Practices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ..., Consistency in Allocating Costs Incurred for the Same Purpose; 48 CFR 9904.405, Accounting for Unallowable Costs; and 48 CFR 9904.406, Cost Accounting Standard-Cost Accounting Period, in effect on the date of... cost accounting practice and the Contracting Officer has made the finding required in 48 CFR...

  9. EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) evaluation of the Mesco Moisture Extraction System under Section 511 of the Motor Vehicle Information and Cost Savings Act. Technical report

    SciTech Connect

    Barth, E.A.

    1983-07-01

    This document announces the conclusions of the EPA evaluation of the Mesco Moisture Extraction System device under the provisions of Section 511 of the Motor Vehicle Information and Cost Savings Act. The evaluation of the Mesco Moisture Extraction System was conducted upon the application of the manufacturer. The device is an exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) system. The device supplements the EGR system of a vehicle by adding cooled and filtered exhaust gas to the carburetor. The ignition timing is also advanced. This combination of advanced timing and supplemental EGR is claimed to result in a longer cleaner burn that improves engine performance and reduces emissions.

  10. EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) evaluation of the Jacona Fuel System under Section 511 of the Motor Vehicle Information and Cost Savings Act. Technical report

    SciTech Connect

    Barth, E.A.

    1982-08-01

    This document announces the conclusions of the EPA evaluation of the Jacona Fuel System under the provisions of Section 511 of the Motor Vehicle Information and Cost Savings Act. The evaluation of the Jacona Fuel System was conducted upon receiving an application from the inventor/marketer of the device. The Jacona Fuel System is an electrically-powered in-line fuel heater that is installed between the fuel pump and the fuel induction system. This device is claimed to improve fuel economy of a vehicle without adversely affecting emissions.

  11. EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) evaluation of the P. S. C. U. 01 device under section 511 of the Motor Vehicle Information and Cost Savings Act. Technical report

    SciTech Connect

    Syria, S.L.

    1983-08-01

    This document announces the conclusions of the EPA evaluation of the 'P.S.C.U. 01' device under the provisions of Section 511 of the Motor Vehicle Information and Cost Savings Act. The evaluation of the P.S.C.U. 01 was conducted upon the application of Dutch Pacific, Incorporated. The device is comprised of several mechanical and electrical components and is intended to generate steam and deliver it to the combustion chamber via an inline catalyst. The device is claimed to improve fuel economy and to reduce exhaust emissions. The P.S.C.U. 01 is classified by EPA as a Vapor bleed device.

  12. EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) evaluation of the Cyclone-Z device under Section 511 of the Motor Vehicle Information and Cost Savings Act. Technical report

    SciTech Connect

    Syria, S.L.

    1983-01-01

    This document announces the conclusions of the EPA evaluation of the Cyclone-Z device under the provisions of Section 511 of the Motor Vehicle Information and Cost Savings Act. The evaluation of the Cyclone-Z device was conducted upon receiving an application from the marketer. The device is claimed to improve fuel economy and driveability and to reduce exhaust emissions. EPA fully considered all of the information submitted by the applicant. The evaluation of the Cyclone-Z device was based on that information, EPA's engineering judgement, and its experience with other air bleed devices.

  13. Towards development of incurred materials for quality assurance purposes in the analysis of food allergens.

    PubMed

    Bugyi, Zsuzsanna; Nagy, Judit; Török, Kitti; Hajas, Lívia; Tömösközi, Sándor

    2010-07-01

    Food allergy and intolerance became very important problems in food safety and healthcare during the last few decades. Beside the pharmaceutical treatment of the symptoms, effective cure of these illnesses is the avoidance of the problematic food proteins. According to this reason, proper legislation is crucial for protecting sensitive people. In the European Union 14 allergenic components must be labelled which requires introduction of properly validated analytical methods for the appropriate quantification of allergenic proteins. The aim of our work is studying such parameters which may affect the analytical results, therefore have to be taken into account during the validation process. For investigating these issues, an incurred sample matrix was produced, namely a wheat flour based cookie, which contains allergenic proteins (milk or egg) in a dedicated amount. Using these samples the effects of food processing steps and the analytical performance of the applied Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) methods were studied. A major finding of our work is that heat treatment caused a large-scale decrease in the amount of measurable allergen content of the samples. The background of this phenomenon has not been clarified yet. Besides, the gathered data indicates that the performance of the ELISA method is highly related to the state of the sample matrix. These problems altogether must be taken into consideration for making a proper validation protocol and revealing their background also has a great importance in further evaluation of the analytical methods. PMID:20579485

  14. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) evaluation of the Super-Mag Fuel Extender under Section 511 of the Motor Vehicle Information and Cost Savings Act. Technical report

    SciTech Connect

    Ashby, H.A.

    1982-01-01

    This document announces the conclusions of the EPA evaluation of the 'Super-Mag Fuel Extender' device under provisions of Section 511 of the Motor Vehicle Information and Cost Savings Act. On December 10, 1980, the EPA received a written request from the Metropolitan Denver District Attorney's Office of Consumer Fraud and Economic Crime to test at least one 'cow magnet' type of fuel economy device. Following a survey of devices being marketed, the Metropolitan Denver District Attorney's Office selected the 'Super-Mag' device as typical of its category and on April 13, 1981 provided EPA with units for testing. The EPA evaluation of the device using three vehicles showed neither fuel economy nor exhaust emissions were affected by the installation of the 'Super-Mag' device. In addition, any differences between baseline test results and results from tests with the device installed were within the range of normal test variability.

  15. EPA (Evironmental Protection Agency) evaluation of the Kamei Spoilers under Section 511 of the Motor Vehicle Information and Cost Savings Act. Technical report

    SciTech Connect

    Barth, E.A.

    1983-03-01

    This document announces the conclusions of the EPA evaluation of the Kamei Spoilers under the provisions of Section 511 of the Motor Vehicle Information and Cost Savings Act. The evaluation of the Kamei Spoilers was conducted upon the application of the manufacturer. The Kamei Spoiler is a plastic spoiler (or air dam) that is about six inches high and extends the width of the vehicle. The spoiler is installed beneath the front bumper to reduce the flow of air under the front of the vehicle. The device is claimed to reduce the aerodynamic drag forces retarding a vehicle and thereby improve fuel economy. EPA fully considered all of the information submitted by the applicant. The evaluation of the Kamei Spoilers was based on that information and EPA's engineering judgement. The overall conclusion is that the Kamei Spoilers have the potential to improve the fuel economy of some motor vehicles.

  16. EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) evaluation of the Dynamix device under Section 511 of the Motor Vehicle Information and Cost Savings Act. Technical report

    SciTech Connect

    Barth, E.A.

    1982-08-01

    This document announces the conclusion the EPA evaluation of the Dynamix device under the provisions of Section 511 of the Motor Vehicle Information and Cost Savings Act. The evaluation of the Dynamix was conducted upon receiving a request from the inventor of the device. The Dynamix device is claimed to permit an unmodified conventional engine to operate efficiently on a blend of gasoline and hydrous ethyl alcohol. The ratio of gasoline to alcohol is selected by the operator. The device consists of an alcohol fuel storage and handling system, an alcohol/gasoline fuel proportioning valve, and an alcohol/heated air induction system. The Dynamix meters vaporized alcohol and hot air directly into the intake manifold of a vehicle. The flow of gasoline is controlled by the flow of alcohol.

  17. 45 CFR 2552.113 - What financial obligation does the Corporation incur for non-Corporation funded projects?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... incur for non-Corporation funded projects? 2552.113 Section 2552.113 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) CORPORATION FOR NATIONAL AND COMMUNITY SERVICE FOSTER GRANDPARENT PROGRAM Non-Corporation Funded Foster Grandparent Program Projects § 2552.113 What financial...

  18. 45 CFR 2552.113 - What financial obligation does the Corporation incur for non-Corporation funded projects?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... incur for non-Corporation funded projects? 2552.113 Section 2552.113 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) CORPORATION FOR NATIONAL AND COMMUNITY SERVICE FOSTER GRANDPARENT PROGRAM Non-Corporation Funded Foster Grandparent Program Projects § 2552.113 What financial...

  19. 26 CFR 1.615-2 - Deduction of pre-1970 exploration expenditures in the year paid or incurred.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 7 2011-04-01 2009-04-01 true Deduction of pre-1970 exploration expenditures in the year paid or incurred. 1.615-2 Section 1.615-2 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Natural Resources § 1.615-2 Deduction of pre-1970...

  20. Costs of Physician-Hospital Integration

    PubMed Central

    Cho, Na-Eun

    2015-01-01

    Abstract Given that the enactment of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010 is expected to generate forces toward physician-hospital integration, this study examined an understudied, albeit important, area of costs incurred in physician-hospital integration. Such costs were analyzed through 24 semi-structured interviews with physicians and hospital administrators in a multiple-case, inductive study. Two extreme types of physician-hospital arrangements were examined: an employed model (ie, integrated salary model, a group of physicians integrated by a hospital system) and a private practice (ie, a physician or group of physicians who are independent of economic or policy control). Interviews noted that integration leads to 3 evident costs, namely, monitoring, coordination, and cooperation costs. Improving our understanding of the kinds of costs that are incurred after physician-hospital integration will help hospitals and physicians to avoid common failures after integration. PMID:26496300

  1. Costs of Physician-Hospital Integration.

    PubMed

    Cho, Na-Eun

    2015-10-01

    Given that the enactment of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010 is expected to generate forces toward physician-hospital integration, this study examined an understudied, albeit important, area of costs incurred in physician-hospital integration. Such costs were analyzed through 24 semi-structured interviews with physicians and hospital administrators in a multiple-case, inductive study. Two extreme types of physician-hospital arrangements were examined: an employed model (ie, integrated salary model, a group of physicians integrated by a hospital system) and a private practice (ie, a physician or group of physicians who are independent of economic or policy control). Interviews noted that integration leads to 3 evident costs, namely, monitoring, coordination, and cooperation costs. Improving our understanding of the kinds of costs that are incurred after physician-hospital integration will help hospitals and physicians to avoid common failures after integration. PMID:26496300

  2. EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) evaluation of the optimizer device under Section 511 of the Motor Vehicle Information and Cost Savings Act

    SciTech Connect

    Barth, E.A.

    1983-05-01

    This report announces the conclusions of the EPA evaluation of the Optimizer device under the provisions of section 511 of the Motor Vehicle Information and Cost Savings Act. The evaluation of the Optimizer was conducted upon the application of the manufacturer. The basic device is a combustion catalyst consisting of an electric fuel heater containing a bed of platinum deposited on an inert substrate. The remainder of the system includes a heater relay, a condenser to cool the fuel to operating temperature, and the associated plumbing. According to the applicant, the device introduces a very small amount of platinum into the fuel. This enhances the combustion process and allows ignition timing to be advanced. The device, coupled with the ignition timing adjustments, is claimed to improve fuel economy, increase performance, and reduce engine maintenance while keeping emissions low. EPA fully considered all of the information submitted by the applicant. The evaluation of the Optimizer device was based on that information and EPA's engineering judgement. The overall conclusion is that, for most vehicles, the device and the prescribed ignition timing adjustments of the engine will cause a small improvement in fuel economy and a large increase in NOx (oxides of nitrogen) emissions.

  3. Second EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) evaluation of the POLARION-X device under Section 511 of the Motor Vehicle Information and Cost Savings Act. Technical report

    SciTech Connect

    Barth, E.A.

    1985-04-01

    The document announces the conclusions of the EPA evaluation of the POLARION-X device under the provisions of Section 511 of the Motor Vehicle Information and Cost Savings Act. The second evaluation of the POLARION-X device was conducted upon receiving an application for evaluation from the marketer of the device. The device is a fuel magnet. It is claimed to reduce emissions, to improve fuel economy and performance, to provide more complete combustion, to eliminate engine carbon buildup and dieseling, and to reduce the octane requirements of the engine. EPA fully considered all of the previous correspondence and analyses that were incorporated in the prior evaluation. In addition, the intervening correspondence about the device and test fuel are also considered to apply to the application. The net result is that, except for the test data, the previous submission and the analyses of it are essentially unchanged. Based on engineering judgment and the results of test data, it is concluded that the POLARION-X device will not improve emissions or fuel economy.

  4. Books or Guards? Charter School Security Costs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    DeAngelis, Karen J.; Brent, Brian O.

    2012-01-01

    Little is known about the costs charter schools incur to foster security--a vexing phenomenon when one considers policymakers' and parents' seemingly high and growing want for school safety. Using data from the National Center for Education Statistics and Texas, we reveal how much charter schools spend on security, how they put these resources to…

  5. 2 CFR 215.27 - Allowable costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... tribal governments is determined in accordance with the provisions of 2 CFR part 225, “Cost Principles... incurred by non-profit organizations is determined in accordance with the provisions of 2 CFR part 230... by institutions of higher education is determined in accordance with the provisions of 2 CFR part...

  6. 2 CFR 215.27 - Allowable costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... tribal governments is determined in accordance with the provisions of 2 CFR part 225, “Cost Principles... incurred by non-profit organizations is determined in accordance with the provisions of 2 CFR part 230... by institutions of higher education is determined in accordance with the provisions of 2 CFR part...

  7. 2 CFR 215.27 - Allowable costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... tribal governments is determined in accordance with the provisions of 2 CFR part 225, “Cost Principles... incurred by non-profit organizations is determined in accordance with the provisions of 2 CFR part 230... by institutions of higher education is determined in accordance with the provisions of 2 CFR part...

  8. Mechanical Characterization of Thermomechanical Matrix Residual Stresses Incurred During MMC Processing

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Castelli, Michael G.

    1998-01-01

    In recent years, much effort has been spent examining the residual stress-strain states of advanced composites. Such examinations are motivated by a number of significant concerns that affect composite development, processing, and analysis. The room-temperature residual stress states incurred in many advanced composite systems are often quite large and can introduce damage even prior to the first external mechanical loading of the material. These stresses, which are induced during the cooldown following high-temperature consolidation, result from the coefficient of thermal expansion mismatch between the fiber and matrix. Experimental techniques commonly used to evaluate composite internal residual stress states are non-mechanical in nature and generally include forms of x-ray and neutron diffraction. Such approaches are usually complex, involving a number of assumptions and limitations associated with a wide range of issues, including the depth of penetration, the volume of material being assessed, and erroneous effects associated with oriented grains. Furthermore, and more important to the present research, these techniques can assess only "single time" stress in the composite. That is, little, if any, information is obtained that addresses the time-dependent point at which internal stresses begin to accumulate, the manner in which the accumulation occurs, and the presiding relationships between thermoelastic, thermoplastic, and thermoviscous behaviors. To address these critical issues, researchers at the NASA Lewis Research Center developed and implemented an innovative mechanical test technique to examine in real time, the time-dependent thermomechanical stress behavior of a matrix alloy as it went through a consolidation cycle.

  9. Cost model for biobanks.

    PubMed

    Gonzalez-Sanchez, M Beatriz; Lopez-Valeiras, Ernesto; Morente, Manuel M; Fernández Lago, Orlando

    2013-10-01

    Current economic conditions and budget constraints in publicly funded biomedical research have brought about a renewed interest in analyzing the cost and economic viability of research infrastructures. However, there are no proposals for specific cost accounting models for these types of organizations in the international scientific literature. The aim of this paper is to present the basis of a cost analysis model useful for any biobank regardless of the human biological samples that it stores for biomedical research. The development of a unique cost model for biobanks can be a complicated task due to the diversity of the biological samples they store. Different types of samples (DNA, tumor tissues, blood, serum, etc.) require different production processes. Nonetheless, the common basic steps of the production process can be identified. Thus, the costs incurred in each step can be analyzed in detail to provide cost information. Six stages and four cost objects were obtained by taking the production processes of biobanks belonging to the Spanish National Biobank Network as a starting point. Templates and examples are provided to help managers to identify and classify the costs involved in their own biobanks to implement the model. The application of this methodology will provide accurate information on cost objects, along with useful information to give an economic value to the stored samples, to analyze the efficiency of the production process and to evaluate the viability of some sample collections. PMID:24835258

  10. 77 FR 19425 - Prescription Drugs Not Administered During Treatment; Update to Administrative Cost for Calendar...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-30

    ... automobile accident reparations insurance. This updated administrative cost charge was effective on January 1...-connected disability incurred as a result of a motor vehicle accident in a State that requires...

  11. 41 CFR 302-3.422 - What expenses will my agency pay when I complete my TCS?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Separation from Government Service § 302-3.422 What expenses will my agency pay when I complete my TCS? Your... privately owned vehicle(s) under part of this chapter; and (g) A relocation income tax allowance under part 302-17 of this chapter for additional income taxes you incur on payments your agency makes under...

  12. 34 CFR 675.25 - Earnings applied to cost of attendance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... a FWS job to be applied to a student's cost of attendance (attributed earnings) by subtracting taxes and job related costs from the student's gross earnings. (2) Job related costs are costs the student incurs because of his or her job. Examples are uniforms and transportation to and from work. Room...

  13. 34 CFR 675.25 - Earnings applied to cost of attendance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... a FWS job to be applied to a student's cost of attendance (attributed earnings) by subtracting taxes and job related costs from the student's gross earnings. (2) Job related costs are costs the student incurs because of his or her job. Examples are uniforms and transportation to and from work. Room...

  14. 34 CFR 675.25 - Earnings applied to cost of attendance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... a FWS job to be applied to a student's cost of attendance (attributed earnings) by subtracting taxes and job related costs from the student's gross earnings. (2) Job related costs are costs the student incurs because of his or her job. Examples are uniforms and transportation to and from work. Room...

  15. 34 CFR 675.25 - Earnings applied to cost of attendance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... a FWS job to be applied to a student's cost of attendance (attributed earnings) by subtracting taxes and job related costs from the student's gross earnings. (2) Job related costs are costs the student incurs because of his or her job. Examples are uniforms and transportation to and from work. Room...

  16. 13 CFR 120.882 - Eligible Project costs for 504 loans.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Eligible Project costs for 504... Eligible Project costs for 504 loans. Eligible Project costs which may be paid with the proceeds of 504 loans are: (a) Costs directly attributable to the Project including expenditures incurred by...

  17. 48 CFR 52.230-3 - Disclosure and Consistency of Cost Accounting Practices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ..., Consistency in Allocating Costs Incurred for the Same Purpose; 48 CFR 9904.405, Accounting for Unallowable Costs; and 48 CFR 9904.406, Cost Accounting Standard-Cost Accounting Period, in effect on the date of... accounting practices as required by 48 CFR 9903.202-1 through 9903.202-5. If the Contractor has notified...

  18. 31 CFR 205.18 - Are administrative costs subject to this part?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... agree, in a Treasury-State agreement, to the following funding conventions for indirect costs and..., no interest liabilities will be incurred or calculated for indirect costs and administrative costs... an indirect cost rate is applied to a program, the State will include a proportionate share of...

  19. 31 CFR 205.18 - Are administrative costs subject to this part?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... agree, in a Treasury-State agreement, to the following funding conventions for indirect costs and..., no interest liabilities will be incurred or calculated for indirect costs and administrative costs... an indirect cost rate is applied to a program, the State will include a proportionate share of...

  20. 40 CFR 35.513 - Reimbursement for pre-award costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ....513 Reimbursement for pre-award costs. (a) Notwithstanding the requirements of 40 CFR 31.23(a) (Period of availability of funds ), and OMB cost principles, EPA may reimburse recipients for pre-award costs... grant application EPA approves. (b) The applicant incurs pre-award costs at its own risk. EPA is...

  1. 40 CFR 35.513 - Reimbursement for pre-award costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ....513 Reimbursement for pre-award costs. (a) Notwithstanding the requirements of 40 CFR 31.23(a) (Period of availability of funds), and OMB cost principles, EPA may reimburse recipients for pre-award costs... grant application EPA approves. (b) The applicant incurs pre-award costs at its own risk. EPA is...

  2. 40 CFR 35.513 - Reimbursement for pre-award costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ....513 Reimbursement for pre-award costs. (a) Notwithstanding the requirements of 40 CFR 31.23(a) (Period of availability of funds ), and OMB cost principles, EPA may reimburse recipients for pre-award costs... grant application EPA approves. (b) The applicant incurs pre-award costs at its own risk. EPA is...

  3. 45 CFR 2528.70 - What steps are necessary to use an education award to pay expenses incurred in enrolling in a G.I...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ..., program of education, apprenticeship, or job training offered by the institution or establishment; (ii... to pay expenses incurred in enrolling in a G.I. Bill approved program? 2528.70 Section 2528.70 Public... incurred in enrolling in a G.I. Bill approved program? (a) Required Information. Before disbursing...

  4. 45 CFR 2528.70 - What steps are necessary to use an education award to pay expenses incurred in enrolling in a G.I...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ..., program of education, apprenticeship, or job training offered by the institution or establishment; (ii... to pay expenses incurred in enrolling in a G.I. Bill approved program? 2528.70 Section 2528.70 Public... incurred in enrolling in a G.I. Bill approved program? (a) Required Information. Before disbursing...

  5. 45 CFR 2528.70 - What steps are necessary to use an education award to pay expenses incurred in enrolling in a G.I...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ..., program of education, apprenticeship, or job training offered by the institution or establishment; (ii... to pay expenses incurred in enrolling in a G.I. Bill approved program? 2528.70 Section 2528.70 Public... incurred in enrolling in a G.I. Bill approved program? (a) Required Information. Before disbursing...

  6. 45 CFR 2528.70 - What steps are necessary to use an education award to pay expenses incurred in enrolling in a G.I...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ..., program of education, apprenticeship, or job training offered by the institution or establishment; (ii... to pay expenses incurred in enrolling in a G.I. Bill approved program? 2528.70 Section 2528.70 Public... incurred in enrolling in a G.I. Bill approved program? (a) Required Information. Before disbursing...

  7. 20 CFR 10.913 - In what situations will OWCP consider that an employee incurred injury in connection with his or...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... LABOR FEDERAL EMPLOYEES' COMPENSATION ACT CLAIMS FOR COMPENSATION UNDER THE FEDERAL EMPLOYEES... employee incurred injury in connection with his or her service with an Armed Force in a contingency... incurred injury in connection with his or her service with an Armed Force in a contingency operation?...

  8. 42 CFR 417.536 - Cost payment principles.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... (CONTINUED) MEDICARE PROGRAM HEALTH MAINTENANCE ORGANIZATIONS, COMPETITIVE MEDICAL PLANS, AND HEALTH CARE... care facility owned or operated by an HMO or CMP is an allowable cost in accordance with § 413.85 of... incurred for research purposes, over and above patient care, are not allowable costs. (i) Value of...

  9. 48 CFR 12.214 - Cost Accounting Standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... actual costs incurred). See 48 CFR 30.201-1 for CAS applicability to fixed-price with economic price... prescribed in 48 CFR 30.201. ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Cost Accounting...

  10. Effects of extraction and spiking procedures on the determination of incurred residues of oxytetracycline in cattle kidney.

    PubMed

    Cooper, A D; Tarbin, J A; Farrington, W H; Shearer, G

    1998-01-01

    The effects of different extraction and spiking procedures on the determination of incurred oxytetracycline residues in animal tissues have been investigated. The extraction procedures investigated--direct aqueous or organic solvent extraction, enzymic digestion or sonication--all gave similar results for incurred oxytetracycline concentration in cattle kidney after correction for spike recovery. There was therefore no evidence for binding or conjugation of oxytetracycline in this tissue. Highest recovery from spiked tissue was obtained using ethyl acetate as extractant. The effects of spiking procedure (spike contact time, spike solvent and tissue state) on recovery from spiked cattle kidney were also small, indicating that added oxytetracycline spike does not interact with the tissue. PMID:10209574

  11. Increasing Density and Reducing Costs of Data Acquisition

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Schmalzel, J. L.; Krchnavek, R. R.; Figueroa, J. Fernando; Solano, Wanda

    2001-01-01

    There are a number of reasons why it is important to increase the density of data acquisition functions. Sensor fusion seeks to integrate large numbers of sensors into a decision network. Addition of health monitoring functions may incur additional sensor requirements. But at the same time, it is important to reduce the per-channel costs of data acquisition systems. Often the most significant cost is the management of data acquisition networks, which incurs substantial costs associated with transducer installation, configuration, calibration, and maintenance. Alternatives that lower the cost of the transducer system and reduce the data acquisition system channel count will directly impact initial system costs. Other techniques that affect maintenance and operating costs will contribute to reducing life cycle costs. This paper describes work undertaken to explore alternative architectures for lowering the cost per transducer function using a MEMS-based accelerometer as the model.

  12. 7 CFR 1781.7 - Loan and advance limitations and obligations incurred before loan closing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... agricultural or nonagricultural use. (xii) Buildings for residential, commercial, or industrial, use. (xiii... in agricultural conservation programs unless such cost cannot be covered by purchase orders or...; pipelines from the reservoir to place of use; or for other uses such as irrigation, fish and wildlife,...

  13. Cost of Computer Searching

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chenery, Peter J.

    1973-01-01

    The program described has the primary objective of making Federally generated technology and research information available to public and private agencies. Cost analysis, data banks, and search strategies are explained. (Author/DH)

  14. Inventory-driven costs.

    PubMed

    Callioni, Gianpaolo; de Montgros, Xavier; Slagmulder, Regine; Van Wassenhove, Luk N; Wright, Linda

    2005-03-01

    In the 199os, Hewlett-Packard's PC business was struggling to turn a dollar, despite the company's success in winning market share. By 1997, margins on its PCs were as thin as a silicon wafer, and some product lines hadn't turned a profit since 1993. The problem had everything to do with the PC industry's notoriously short product cycles and brutal product and component price deflation. A common rule of thumb was that the value of a fully assembled PC decreased 1% a week. In such an environment, inventory costs become critical. But not just the inventory costs companies traditionally track, HP found, after a thorough review of the problem. The standard "holding cost of inventory"--the capital and physical costs of inventory--accounted for only about 10% of HP's inventory costs. The greater risks, it turned out, resided in four other, essentially hidden costs, which stemmed from mismatches between demand and supply: Component devaluation costs for components still held in production; Price protection costs incurred when product prices drop on the goods distributors still have on their shelves; Product return costs that have to be absorbed when distributors return and receive refunds on overstock items, and; Obsolescence costs for products still unsold when new models are introduced. By developing metrics to track those costs in a consistent way throughout the PC division, HP has found it can manage its supply chains with much more sophistication. Gone are the days of across-the-board measures such as,"Everyone must cut inventories by 20% by the end of the year," which usually resulted in a flurry of cookie-cutter lean production and just-in-time initiatives. Now, each product group is free to choose the supply chain configuration that best suits its needs. Other companies can follow HP's example. PMID:15768682

  15. 2 CFR 200.416 - Cost allocation plans and indirect cost proposals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... agencies (governmental department or agency), normally charge Federal awards for indirect costs through an... necessary to claim indirect costs under Federal awards. Indirect costs include: (1) The indirect costs... 2 Grants and Agreements 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Cost allocation plans and indirect...

  16. Bending the Cost Curve in Childhood Cancer.

    PubMed

    Russell, Heidi; Bernhardt, M Brooke

    2016-08-01

    Healthcare for children with cancer costs significantly more than other children. Cost reduction efforts aimed toward relatively small populations of patients that use a disproportionate amount of care, like childhood cancer, could have a dramatic impact on healthcare spending. The aims of this review are to provide stakeholders with an overview of the drivers of financial costs of childhood cancer and to identify possible directions to curb or decrease these costs. Costs are incurred throughout the spectrum of care. Recent trends in pharmaceutical costs, evidence identifying the contribution of administration costs, and overuse of surveillance studies are described. Awareness of cost and value, i.e., the outcome achieved per dollar or burden spent, in delivery of care and research is necessary to bend the cost curve. Incorporation of these dimensions of care requires methodology development, prioritization, and ethical balance. PMID:27193602

  17. The costs of asthma.

    PubMed

    Barnes, P J; Jonsson, B; Klim, J B

    1996-04-01

    At present, asthma represents a substantial burden on health care resources in all countries so far studied. The costs of asthma are largely due to uncontrolled disease, and are likely to rise as its prevalence and severity increase. Costs could be significantly reduced if disease control is improved. A large proportion of the total cost of illness is derived from treating the consequences of poor asthma control-direct costs, such as emergency room use and hospitalizations. Indirect costs, which include time off work or school and early retirement, are incurred when the disease is not fully controlled and becomes severe enough to have an effect on daily life. In addition, quality of life assessments show that asthma has a significant socioeconomic impact, not only on the patients themselves, but on the whole family. Underuse of prescribed therapy, which includes poor compliance, significantly contributes towards the poor control of asthma. The consequences of poor compliance in asthma include increased morbidity and sometimes mortality, and increased health care expenditure. To improve asthma management, international guidelines have been introduced which recommend an increase in the use of prophylactic therapy. The resulting improvements in the control of asthma will reduce the number of hospitalizations associated with asthma, and may ultimately produce a shift within direct costs, with subsequent reductions in indirect costs. In addition, costs may be reduced by improving therapeutic interventions and through effective patient education programmes. This paper reviews current literature on the costs of asthma to assess how effectively money is spent and, by estimating the proportion of the cost attributable to uncontrolled disease, will identify where financial savings might be made. PMID:8726924

  18. Recommendations to mitigate against human health risks incurred due to energetic particle irradiation beyond low earth orbit/BLEO

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    McKenna-Lawlor, Susan; Bhardwaj, Anil; Ferrari, Franco; Kuznetsov, Nikolay; Lal, Ajay K.; Li, Yinghui; Nagamatsu, Aiko; Nymmik, Rikho; Panasyuk, Michael; Petrov, Vladislav; Reitz, Günther; Pinsky, Lawrence; Shukor, Muszaphar (Sheikh); Singhvi, Ashok K.; Straube, Ulrich; Tomi, Leena; Lawrence, Townsend

    2015-04-01

    An account is provided of the main sources of energetic particle radiation in interplanetary space (Galactic Cosmic Radiation and Solar Energetic Particles) and career dose limits presently utilized by NASA to mitigate against the cancer and non-cancer effects potentially incurred by astronauts due to irradiation by these components are presented. Certain gaps in knowledge that presently militate against mounting viable human exploration in deep space due to the inherent health risks are identified and recommendations made as to how these gaps might be closed within a framework of global international cooperation.

  19. 42 CFR 412.71 - Determination of base-year inpatient operating costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ....130 of this chapter. (3) Kidney acquisition costs incurred by hospitals approved as renal transplantation centers as described in § 412.100. Kidney acquisition costs in the base year will be determined by multiplying the hospital's average kidney acquisition cost per kidney times the number of kidney...

  20. 42 CFR 412.71 - Determination of base-year inpatient operating costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ....130 of this chapter. (3) Kidney acquisition costs incurred by hospitals approved as renal transplantation centers as described in § 412.100. Kidney acquisition costs in the base year will be determined by multiplying the hospital's average kidney acquisition cost per kidney times the number of kidney...

  1. 42 CFR 412.71 - Determination of base-year inpatient operating costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ....130 of this chapter. (3) Kidney acquisition costs incurred by hospitals approved as renal transplantation centers as described in § 412.100. Kidney acquisition costs in the base year will be determined by multiplying the hospital's average kidney acquisition cost per kidney times the number of kidney...

  2. Enough to Go 'Round? Thinking Smart about Total Cost of Ownership

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McIntire, Todd

    2006-01-01

    Total cost of ownership or TCO refers to the life cycle of costs for technology, including both direct and indirect expenses. TCO includes costs incurred by capital (hardware, software, and facilities); administration and operation (planning, upgrade, replacement, and technical support); and end-user operation (staff development and user…

  3. 36 CFR 64.9 - Project costs (State and local projects).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Project costs (State and... RIGHTS-OF-WAY § 64.9 Project costs (State and local projects). To be eligible, acquisition and development costs must be incurred after the date of project approval and during the project period....

  4. 31 CFR 205.18 - Are administrative costs subject to this part?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Service may agree, in a Treasury-State agreement, to the following funding conventions for indirect costs... provision of this part, no interest liabilities will be incurred or calculated for indirect costs and...-monthly. (2) If an indirect cost rate is applied to a program, the State will include a...

  5. 47 CFR 27.1166 - Reimbursement under the Cost-Sharing Plan.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Reimbursement under the Cost-Sharing Plan. 27... § 27.1166 Reimbursement under the Cost-Sharing Plan. (a) Registration of reimbursement rights. Claims for reimbursement under the cost-sharing plan are limited to relocation expenses incurred on or...

  6. Direct and Indirect Costs Following Living Kidney Donation: Findings From the KDOC Study.

    PubMed

    Rodrigue, J R; Schold, J D; Morrissey, P; Whiting, J; Vella, J; Kayler, L K; Katz, D; Jones, J; Kaplan, B; Fleishman, A; Pavlakis, M; Mandelbrot, D A

    2016-03-01

    Some living kidney donors (LKDs) incur costs associated with donation, although these costs are not well characterized in the United States. We collected cost data in the 12 mo following donation from 182 LKDs participating in the multicenter prospective Kidney Donor Outcomes Cohort (KDOC) Study. Most LKDs (n = 167, 92%) had one direct cost or more following donation, including ground transportation (86%), health care (41%), meals (53%), medications (36%), lodging (23%), and air transportation (12%). LKDs missed 33 072 total work hours, 40% of which were unpaid and led to $302 175 in lost wages (mean $1660). Caregivers lost $68 655 in wages (mean $377). Although some donors received financial assistance, 89% had a net financial loss in the 12-mo period, with one-third (33%) reporting a loss exceeding $2500. Financial burden was higher for those with greater travel distance to the transplant center (Spearman's ρ = 0.26, p < 0.001), lower household income (Spearman's ρ = -0.25, p < 0.001), and more unpaid work hours missed (Spearman's ρ = 0.52, p < 0.001). Achieving financial neutrality for LKDs must be an immediate priority for the transplant community, governmental agencies, insurance companies, nonprofit organizations, and society at large. PMID:26845630

  7. Combining Epidemiologic Information Across Space Agencies

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Minard, Charles G.; Clark, April L.; Wear, Mary L.; Mason, Sara; Van Baalen, Mary

    2010-01-01

    Space flight is a very unique occupational exposure with potential hazards that are not fully understood. A limited number of individuals have experienced the exposures incurred during space flight, and epidemiologic research would benefit from shared information across space agencies. However, data sharing can be problematic due to agency protection policies for personally identifiable information as well as medical records. Compliance with these protocols in the astronaut population is particularly difficult given the small, high-profile population under study. Creativity in combining data is necessary in order to overcome these difficulties and improve statistical power in research. This study presents methods in meta-analysis that may be used to combine non-attributable data across space agencies so that meaningful conclusions may be drawn about study interests. Methods for combining epidemiologic data across space agencies are presented, and the processes are demonstrated using life-time mortality data in U.S. astronauts and Russian cosmonauts. This proof of concept was found to be an acceptable way of sharing data across agencies, and will be used in the future as more relevant research interests are identified.

  8. 77 FR 11191 - Insurance Cost Information Regulation

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-24

    ..., 58 FR 12545, NHTSA amended 49 CFR part 582, Insurance Cost Information Regulation, to require all... National Highway Traffic Safety Administration Insurance Cost Information Regulation AGENCY: National... insurance cost information booklet that all car dealers must make available to prospective...

  9. Study of environmental risks incurred by leakage of lithium cells to the food chain in a freshwater ecosystem.

    PubMed

    Zhao-Xia, Dai; Ying, Yin; Hong-Yan, Guo; Shi-He, Wang

    2013-01-01

    Water flea (Daphnia magna) and fish (Carassius auratus) at trophic level were used for comprehensive evaluation of environmental risks incurred by manufactured nanomaterial (nNi(OH)2) as leaked from lithium cells to the food chain in freshwater ecosystem. The 48, 72 and 96 h acute toxicities of water suspensions of nNi(OH)2 to the flea and the fish were tested, using the immobilization and the mortality as toxicological endpoints. The results showed that the water flea was more highly sensitive to nNi(OH)2 than the fish. Then, the fish were exposed to 1.0 mg/L nNi(OH)2 for 6, 12, 24, 36, 48, 60, 72 and 96 h, and the relationship between the concentrations in the water and the fish were described by a bioconcentration factor (BCF). After calculation, lgBCF is 1.61. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation was studied after fish were exposed to 1.0 mg/L water suspensions of nNi(OH)2 for 24 h. As proved by electron paramagnetic resonance, nNi(OH)2 may induce the generation of hydroxyl radical in the fish, and nNi(OH)2 as concentrated in the fish may incur redox reaction and produce redox metabolic intermediates. As one of the important toxic mechanisms of nNi(OH)2 to the fish, the oxidative stress mechanism requires further study. PMID:23552250

  10. A multi-laboratory evaluation of a clinically-validated incurred quality control material for analysis of allergens in food.

    PubMed

    Johnson, Phil E; Rigby, Neil M; Dainty, Jack R; Mackie, Alan R; Immer, Ulrike U; Rogers, Adrian; Titchener, Pauline; Shoji, Masahiro; Ryan, Anne; Mata, Luis; Brown, Helen; Holzhauser, Thomas; Dumont, Valery; Wykes, Jill A; Walker, Michael; Griffin, Jon; White, Jane; Taylor, Glenn; Popping, Bert; Crevel, René; Miguel, Sonia; Lutter, Petra; Gaskin, Ferdelie; Koerner, Terry B; Clarke, Dean; Sherlock, Robin; Flanagan, Andrew; Chan, Chun-Han; Mills, E N Clare

    2014-04-01

    A dessert matrix previously used for diagnosis of food allergies was incurred with pasteurised egg white or skimmed milk powder at 3, 6, 15 and 30 mg allergen protein per kg of dessert matrix and evaluated as a quality control material for allergen analysis in a multi-laboratory trial. Analysis was performed by immunoassay using five kits each for egg and milk (based on casein) and six 'other' milk kits (five based on β-lactoglobulin and one total milk). All kits detected allergen protein at the 3 mg kg(-1) level. Based on ISO criteria only one egg kit accurately determined egg protein at 3 mg kg(-1) (p=0.62) and one milk (casein) kit accurately determined milk at 6 (p=0.54) and 15 mg kg(-1) (p=0.83), against the target value. The milk "other" kits performed least well of all the kits assessed, giving the least precise analyses. The incurred dessert material had the characteristics required for a quality control material for allergen analysis. PMID:24262522

  11. The cost of migraine and its treatment.

    PubMed

    Goldberg, Lawrence D

    2005-06-01

    Migraine headache incurs estimated annual costs totaling as much as 17 billion dollars in the United States. Most of the direct costs are for outpatient services: medications, office or clinic visits, emergency department visits, laboratory and diagnostic services, and management of treatment side effects. Indirect costs from lost productivity in the workplace add substantially to the total. The triptan class of drugs, used for abortive treatment, account for the greatest portion of medication costs. Because these agents are expensive, optimal use is critical. Research suggests that a stratified care strategy, with initial therapy based on the patient's score on the Migraine Disability Assessment Scale, is both clinically advantageous and more cost-effective than stepped-care strategies. Also, the triptans are not interchangeable, and costs as well as clinical outcomes may vary with different agents in this class. Migraine prophylaxis is aimed at preventing frequent attacks and the development of a long-term condition that often incurs heavy costs for abortive treatment, diagnostic services, and medical care. Agents approved for migraine prophylaxis include the antiepileptics divalproex and topiramate and the beta blockers propranolol and timolol. As with abortive therapy, costs vary widely among these prophylactic agents. A novel approach to migraine prophylaxis is injection of botulinum toxin. A cost-analysis model is presented to show the impact of utilizing botulinum toxin in a large managed care system. PMID:16095269

  12. An economic and legal perspective on electric utility transition costs

    SciTech Connect

    Rose, K.

    1996-07-01

    The issue of possibly unrecoverable cost incurred by a utility, or `stranded costs,` has emerged as a major obstacle to developing a competitive generation market. Stranded or transition costs are defined as costs incurred by a utility to serve its customers that were being recovered in rates but are no longer due to availability of lower-priced alternative suppliers. The idea of `stranded cost,` and more importantly arguments for its recovery, is a concept with little basis in economic theory, legal precedence, or precedence in other deregulated industries. The main argument recovery is that the ``regulatory compact`` requires it. This is based on the misconception that the regulator compact is simply: the utility incurs costs on behalf of its customers because of the ``obligation to serve`` so, therefore, customers are obligated to pay. This is a mischaracterization of what the compact was and how it developed. Another argument is that recovery is required for economic efficiency. This presumes, however, a very narrow definition of efficiency based on preventing ``uneconomic`` bypass of the utility and that utilities minimize costs. A broader definition of efficiency and the likelihood of cost inefficiencies in the industry suggest that the cost imposed on customers from inhibiting competition could exceed the gains from preventing uneconomic bypass. Both these issues are examined in this paper.

  13. Female Field Crickets Incur Increased Parasitism Risk When Near Preferred Song

    PubMed Central

    Martin, Cassandra M.; Wagner, William E.

    2010-01-01

    Female animals often prefer males with conspicuous traits because these males provide direct or indirect benefits. Conspicuous male traits, however, can attract predators. This not only increases the risk of predation for conspicuous males but also for the females that prefer them. In the variable field cricket, Gryllus lineaticeps, males that produce preferred song types provide females with greater material benefits, but they are also more likely to attract lethal parasitoid flies. First, we conducted a field experiment that tested the hypothesis that females have a greater risk of fly parasitism when in association with preferred high chirp rate males. Females were nearly twice as likely to be parasitized when caged with high chirp rate song than when caged with low chirp rate song. Females may thus be forced to trade off the quality of the benefits they receive from mating with preferred males and the risk of being killed by a predator when near these males. Second, we assessed female parasitism rates in a natural population. Up to 6% of the females were parasitized in field samples. Because the females we collected could have become parasitized had they not been collected, this provides a minimum estimate of the female parasitism rate in the field. In a laboratory study, we found no difference in the proportion of time parasitized and unparasitized females spent hiding under shelters; thus, differences in activity patterns do not appear to have biased our estimate of female parasitism rates. Overall, our results suggest that female association costs have the potential to shape the evolution of female mating preferences. PMID:20231888

  14. Female field crickets incur increased parasitism risk when near preferred song.

    PubMed

    Martin, Cassandra M; Wagner, William E

    2010-01-01

    Female animals often prefer males with conspicuous traits because these males provide direct or indirect benefits. Conspicuous male traits, however, can attract predators. This not only increases the risk of predation for conspicuous males but also for the females that prefer them. In the variable field cricket, Gryllus lineaticeps, males that produce preferred song types provide females with greater material benefits, but they are also more likely to attract lethal parasitoid flies. First, we conducted a field experiment that tested the hypothesis that females have a greater risk of fly parasitism when in association with preferred high chirp rate males. Females were nearly twice as likely to be parasitized when caged with high chirp rate song than when caged with low chirp rate song. Females may thus be forced to trade off the quality of the benefits they receive from mating with preferred males and the risk of being killed by a predator when near these males. Second, we assessed female parasitism rates in a natural population. Up to 6% of the females were parasitized in field samples. Because the females we collected could have become parasitized had they not been collected, this provides a minimum estimate of the female parasitism rate in the field. In a laboratory study, we found no difference in the proportion of time parasitized and unparasitized females spent hiding under shelters; thus, differences in activity patterns do not appear to have biased our estimate of female parasitism rates. Overall, our results suggest that female association costs have the potential to shape the evolution of female mating preferences. PMID:20231888

  15. 48 CFR 2131.205-71 - Reinsurer administrative expense costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Reinsurer administrative... Reinsurer administrative expense costs. A charge of $500 per policy year per reinsurer of the FEGLI Program... reinsurers for the minor administrative expenses incurred in reinsuring the FEGLI Program....

  16. 48 CFR 2131.205-71 - Reinsurer administrative expense costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 true Reinsurer administrative... Reinsurer administrative expense costs. A charge of $500 per policy year per reinsurer of the FEGLI Program... reinsurers for the minor administrative expenses incurred in reinsuring the FEGLI Program....

  17. How to Cut Costs by Saving School Bus Fuel.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Seiff, Hank

    A program started in Washington County, Maryland in 1980 has been successful in saving school bus fuel and bringing down transportation costs incurred by its fleet of 200 buses. Driver training and motivation, as well as a partial transfer to diesel buses, are at the heart of the program. The drivers are taught five fuel saving techniques: cut…

  18. Space Station: Delays in dealing with space debris may reduce safety and increase costs

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    1992-06-01

    The majority of NASA's current designs for protecting the space station and crew from debris are outdated and its overall debris protection strategy is insufficient. NASA's contractors have designed the station using a 1984 model of the space environment that is obsolete, significantly underestimating the increasing amount of debris that the station will encounter during its 30-year lifetime. In February 1992, NASA directed its space centers to incorporate an updated 1991 model into their designs. However, the agency has not yet made critical decisions on how to implement this change. Preliminary evaluations show that incorporating the 1991 model using currently established safety criteria could entail a major redesign of some components, with significant cost impact and schedule delays. NASA's overall protection strategy for space debris is insufficient. While NASA has concentrated its protection on shielding the space station from small debris and plans to augment this initial shielding in orbit, it has not yet developed designs or studied the cost and operational impact of augmenting its protection with additional shielding. Further, current designs do not provide the capability of warning or protecting the crew from imminent collision with mid-size debris. Finally, although some capabilities exist for maneuvering the station away from large debris, the agency lacks collision-avoidance plans and debris-tracking equipment. In developing a comprehensive strategy to protect the station from the more severe debris environment, NASA cannot avoid some difficult decisions. These decisions involve tradeoffs between how much the agency is willing to pay to protect the station, the schedule delays it may incur, and the risk to station safety it is willing to accept. It is important that these decisions be made before NASA completes its critical design reviews in early 1993. At that time key designs will be made final and manufacturing will begin. Without a comprehensive

  19. Repeat analysis and incurred sample reanalysis: recommendation for best practices and harmonization from the global bioanalysis consortium harmonization team.

    PubMed

    Fluhler, Eric; Vazvaei, Faye; Singhal, Puran; Vinck, Petra; Li, Wenkui; Bhatt, Jignesh; de Boer, Theo; Chaudhary, Ajai; Tangiuchi, Masahiro; Rezende, Vinicius; Zhong, Dafang

    2014-11-01

    The A7 harmonization team (A7 HT), a part of the Global Bioanalysis Consortium (GBC), focused on reviewing best practices for repeat analysis and incurred sample reanalysis (ISR) as applied during regulated bioanalysis. With international representation from Europe, Latin America, North America, and the Asia Pacific region, the team first collated common practices and guidance recommendations and assessed their suitability from both a scientific and logistical perspective. Subsequently, team members developed best practice recommendations and refined them through discussions and presentations with industry experts at scientific meetings. This review summarizes the team findings and best practice recommendations. The few topics where no consensus could be reached are also discussed. The A7 HT recommendations, together with those from the other GBC teams, provide the basis for future international harmonization of regulated bioanalytical practices. PMID:25135836

  20. A mitotic cause of Whipple's triad: non-islet cell tumour hypoglycaemia in incurable low-grade malignancy.

    PubMed

    Lee, Angela S; Twigg, Stephen M

    2015-01-01

    A 74-year-old man with known metastatic haemangiopericytoma presented with neuroglycopaenic symptoms of confusion and light-headedness secondary to recurrent episodes of fasting hypoglycaemia, which resolved with oral carbohydrate intake. Investigations for hypoglycaemia revealed it to be non-insulin mediated, and subsequently due to a rare paraneoplastic phenomenon termed as non-islet cell tumour hypoglycaemia caused by tumoural overproduction of high molecular weight insulin-like growth factor-II. Despite his underlying malignancy being incurable, directed multimodality treatment involving regular oral carbohydrate intake, glucocorticoid therapy and recombinant human growth hormone was effective in relieving symptoms of hypoglycaemia. We discuss the importance of a systematic diagnostic approach to hypoglycaemia fulfilling Whipple's triad, as specific therapies can be invaluable to improving quality of life. PMID:25948850

  1. Prospective controlled trial of transhepatic biliary endoprosthesis versus bypass surgery for incurable carcinoma of head of pancreas.

    PubMed

    Bornman, P C; Harries-Jones, E P; Tobias, R; Van Stiegmann, G; Terblanche, J

    1986-01-11

    53 patients with obstructive jaundice due to incurable carcinoma of the head of the pancreas were randomly allocated to percutaneous transhepatic placement of a permanent biliary endoprosthesis (PTE) or bypass surgery. After exclusions 25 patients in each group were treated. Technical success was achieved in 21 patients (84%) in the PTE group and 19 (76%) in the surgery group. The incidence of postprocedural complications (PTE 7, surgery 8) and 30-day mortality (PTE 2, surgery 5) were similar. Recurrent jaundice occurred more often in the PTE (8/21) than the surgery group (3/19). Duodenal obstruction developed in 3 patients in the PTE group. Although the initial median postprocedural hospital stay was significantly shorter in the PTE than the surgery group, the difference was no longer significant when readmissions for blocked endoprosthesis and gastric outlet obstruction were taken into account. There was no difference in the median survival time in the two groups (PTE 19 weeks, surgery 15 weeks). PMID:2417075

  2. 2 CFR 220.30 - Federal Agency responsibilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT AND BUDGET CIRCULARS AND GUIDANCE Reserved COST PRINCIPLES FOR EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS (OMB CIRCULAR A-21) § 220.30 Federal Agency responsibilities. The head of each Federal agency...

  3. 44 CFR 208.33 - Allowable costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    .... Consistent with Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Circulars A-21, A-87, A-102 and A-110 (2 CFR part 215... Agreements § 208.33 Allowable costs. (a) Cost neutrality. DHS policy is that an Alert or Activation should be as cost neutral as possible to Sponsoring Agencies and Participating Agencies. To make an Alert...

  4. 44 CFR 208.33 - Allowable costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    .... Consistent with Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Circulars A-21, A-87, A-102 and A-110 (2 CFR part 215... Agreements § 208.33 Allowable costs. (a) Cost neutrality. DHS policy is that an Alert or Activation should be as cost neutral as possible to Sponsoring Agencies and Participating Agencies. To make an Alert...

  5. 44 CFR 208.33 - Allowable costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    .... Consistent with Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Circulars A-21, A-87, A-102 and A-110 (2 CFR part 215... Agreements § 208.33 Allowable costs. (a) Cost neutrality. DHS policy is that an Alert or Activation should be as cost neutral as possible to Sponsoring Agencies and Participating Agencies. To make an Alert...

  6. Managing reliance on temporary agency staff.

    PubMed

    Nicholson, Maria

    2016-03-01

    Amid spiralling agency staff costs, in November 2015 Monitor and the Trust Development Authority placed caps on the hourly rate that NHS trusts can pay agency staff, and informed all NHS and foundation trusts that they are required to procure agency staff through approved frameworks. This article suggests ways in which management can maintain these requirements while ensuring safe staffing levels and high-quality care delivery. PMID:26927789

  7. 22 CFR 1104.13 - Determination of archaeological or commercial value and cost of restoration and repair.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... limited to, the cost of preparing a research design, conducting field work, carrying out laboratory... the sum of the costs already incurred for emergency restoration or repair work, plus those costs... conserved; (7) Reinterment of human remains in accordance with religious custom and State, local, or...

  8. 36 CFR 296.14 - Determination of archaeological or commercial value and cost of restoration and repair.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... limited to, the cost of preparing a research design, conducting field work, carrying out laboratory... the sum of the costs already incurred for emergency restoration or repair work, plus those costs... conserved; (7) Reinterment of human remains in accordance with religious custom and State, local, or...

  9. 32 CFR 229.14 - Determination of archaeological or commercial value and cost of restoration and repair.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... limited to, the cost of preparing a research design, conducting field work, carrying out laboratory... the sum of the costs already incurred for emergency restoration or repair work, plus those costs... conserved; (7) Reinterment of human remains in accordance with religious custom and State, local, or...

  10. 18 CFR 1312.14 - Determination of archaeological or commercial value and cost of restoration and repair.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... limited to, the cost of preparing a research design, conducting field work, carrying out laboratory... the sum of the costs already incurred for emergency restoration or repair work, plus those costs... conserved; (7) Reinterment of human remains in accordance with religious custom and State, local, or...

  11. HMO contracting: know your costs.

    PubMed

    Astle, S; Roth, R

    1987-07-01

    HMO contracting requires a detailed knowledge of patient costs. We addressed the need for sophisticated cost accounting and patient information systems as it pertains to HMO contracting. Agencies cannot afford to overlook the global applications of such systems. The ability of an agency to make informed and competitive financial decisions in any price-based payment environment is critical. A system that can accurately identify and assist with forecasting costs will be a valuable asset for an agency as it moves toward the price-based payment environment of the future. PMID:10301849

  12. 48 CFR 31.205-34 - Recruitment costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... CONTRACTING REQUIREMENTS CONTRACT COST PRINCIPLES AND PROCEDURES Contracts With Commercial Organizations 31... interviews. (6) Costs for employment agencies, not in excess of standard commercial rates. (b)...

  13. 48 CFR 31.205-34 - Recruitment costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... CONTRACTING REQUIREMENTS CONTRACT COST PRINCIPLES AND PROCEDURES Contracts With Commercial Organizations 31... interviews. (6) Costs for employment agencies, not in excess of standard commercial rates. (b)...

  14. 48 CFR 31.205-34 - Recruitment costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... CONTRACTING REQUIREMENTS CONTRACT COST PRINCIPLES AND PROCEDURES Contracts With Commercial Organizations 31... interviews. (6) Costs for employment agencies, not in excess of standard commercial rates. (b)...

  15. 76 FR 71342 - Proposed CERCLA Administrative Cost Recovery Settlement; River Forest Dry Cleaners Site, River...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-17

    ... AGENCY Proposed CERCLA Administrative Cost Recovery Settlement; River Forest Dry Cleaners Site, River Forest, Cook County, IL AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Notice; request for public... proposed administrative settlement for recovery of past response costs concerning the River Forest...

  16. Cost of Children in Australia. Institute of Family Studies Working Paper No. 8.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lovering, Kerry

    This report estimates costs of feeding and clothing Australian children at a basic survival level. Detailed information is provided on the types of costs incurred by families at different income levels and with children of different ages. After a brief introduction characterizing the study and summarizing findings, discussion focuses on the…

  17. 48 CFR 52.230-4 - Disclosure and Consistency of Cost Accounting Practices-Foreign Concerns.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... pursuant to 48 CFR 9903.201-2 is subject to other types of CAS coverage, the substance of the applicable... this contract, shall— (1) Comply with the requirements of 48 CFR 9904.401, Consistency in Estimating, Accumulating, and Reporting Costs; and 48 CFR 9904.402, Consistency in Allocating Costs Incurred for the...

  18. 48 CFR 52.230-4 - Disclosure and Consistency of Cost Accounting Practices-Foreign Concerns.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... unit which pursuant to 48 CFR 9903.201-2 is subject to other types of CAS coverage, the substance of... this contract, shall— (1) Comply with the requirements of 48 CFR 9904.401, Consistency in Estimating, Accumulating, and Reporting Costs; and 48 CFR 9904.402, Consistency in Allocating Costs Incurred for the...

  19. 48 CFR 52.230-4 - Disclosure and Consistency of Cost Accounting Practices-Foreign Concerns.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... unit which pursuant to 48 CFR 9903.201-2 is subject to other types of CAS coverage, the substance of... this contract, shall— (1) Comply with the requirements of 48 CFR 9904.401, Consistency in Estimating, Accumulating, and Reporting Costs; and 48 CFR 9904.402, Consistency in Allocating Costs Incurred for the...

  20. 48 CFR 52.230-4 - Disclosure and Consistency of Cost Accounting Practices-Foreign Concerns.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... unit which pursuant to 48 CFR 9903.201-2 is subject to other types of CAS coverage, the substance of... this contract, shall— (1) Comply with the requirements of 48 CFR 9904.401, Consistency in Estimating, Accumulating, and Reporting Costs; and 48 CFR 9904.402, Consistency in Allocating Costs Incurred for the...

  1. 42 CFR 413.198 - Recordkeeping and cost reporting requirements for outpatient maintenance dialysis.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... outpatient maintenance dialysis. 413.198 Section 413.198 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID... § 413.198 Recordkeeping and cost reporting requirements for outpatient maintenance dialysis. (a) Purpose... will enable CMS to determine the costs incurred in furnishing outpatient maintenance dialysis...

  2. 26 CFR 1.43-4 - Qualified enhanced oil recovery costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Qualified enhanced oil recovery costs. 1.43-4... TAXES Credits Against Tax § 1.43-4 Qualified enhanced oil recovery costs. (a) Qualifying costs—(1) In... “qualified enhanced oil recovery costs” if the amounts are paid or incurred with respect to an asset which...

  3. 26 CFR 1.43-4 - Qualified enhanced oil recovery costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Qualified enhanced oil recovery costs. 1.43-4... TAXES Credits Against Tax § 1.43-4 Qualified enhanced oil recovery costs. (a) Qualifying costs—(1) In... “qualified enhanced oil recovery costs” if the amounts are paid or incurred with respect to an asset which...

  4. 26 CFR 1.43-4 - Qualified enhanced oil recovery costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 1 2014-04-01 2013-04-01 true Qualified enhanced oil recovery costs. 1.43-4... TAXES Credits Against Tax § 1.43-4 Qualified enhanced oil recovery costs. (a) Qualifying costs—(1) In... “qualified enhanced oil recovery costs” if the amounts are paid or incurred with respect to an asset which...

  5. 42 CFR 413.198 - Recordkeeping and cost reporting requirements for outpatient maintenance dialysis.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... outpatient maintenance dialysis. 413.198 Section 413.198 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID... § 413.198 Recordkeeping and cost reporting requirements for outpatient maintenance dialysis. (a) Purpose... will enable CMS to determine the costs incurred in furnishing outpatient maintenance dialysis...

  6. 42 CFR 413.198 - Recordkeeping and cost reporting requirements for outpatient maintenance dialysis.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... outpatient maintenance dialysis. 413.198 Section 413.198 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID... § 413.198 Recordkeeping and cost reporting requirements for outpatient maintenance dialysis. (a) Purpose... will enable CMS to determine the costs incurred in furnishing outpatient maintenance dialysis...

  7. 42 CFR 413.198 - Recordkeeping and cost reporting requirements for outpatient maintenance dialysis.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... outpatient maintenance dialysis. 413.198 Section 413.198 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID... § 413.198 Recordkeeping and cost reporting requirements for outpatient maintenance dialysis. (a) Purpose... will enable CMS to determine the costs incurred in furnishing outpatient maintenance dialysis...

  8. 10 CFR 719.33 - What categories of costs are unallowable?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... incurred for entertainment or alcoholic beverages. See 48 CFR (FAR) 31.205-14 and 31.205-51 and 41 U.S.C... unallowable costs are contained in the cost principles at 48 CFR (FAR) part 31 and 48 CFR (DEAR) part 931...

  9. 10 CFR 719.33 - What categories of costs are unallowable?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... incurred for entertainment or alcoholic beverages. See 48 CFR (FAR) 31.205-14 and 31.205-51 and 41 U.S.C... unallowable costs are contained in the cost principles at 48 CFR (FAR) part 31 and 48 CFR (DEAR) part 931...

  10. 10 CFR 719.33 - What categories of costs are unallowable?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... incurred for entertainment or alcoholic beverages. See 48 CFR (FAR) 31.205-14 and 31.205-51 and 41 U.S.C... unallowable costs are contained in the cost principles at 48 CFR (FAR) part 31 and 48 CFR (DEAR) part 931...

  11. 42 CFR 413.198 - Recordkeeping and cost reporting requirements for outpatient maintenance dialysis.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... outpatient maintenance dialysis. 413.198 Section 413.198 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID... § 413.198 Recordkeeping and cost reporting requirements for outpatient maintenance dialysis. (a) Purpose... will enable CMS to determine the costs incurred in furnishing outpatient maintenance dialysis...

  12. 10 CFR 719.33 - What categories of costs are unallowable?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... incurred for entertainment or alcoholic beverages. See 48 CFR (FAR) 31.205-14 and 31.205-51 and 41 U.S.C... unallowable costs are contained in the cost principles at 48 CFR (FAR) part 31 and 48 CFR (DEAR) part 931...

  13. Minimizing life cycle cost for subsonic commercial aircraft

    SciTech Connect

    Johnson, V.S. )

    1990-02-01

    A methodology is presented which facilitates the identification of that aircraft design concept which will incur the lowest life-cycle costs (LCCs) while meeting mission requirements. The methodology consists of an LCC module whose constituent elements calculate the costs associated with R D, testing, evaluation, and production, as well as direct and indirect operating costs, in conjunction with the Flight Optimization System conceptual design/analysis code. Provision is made in the methodology for sensitivities to advanced technologies for the subsonic commercial aircraft in question, which are optimized with respect to minimum gross weight, fuel consumption, acquisition cost, and direct operating cost. 12 refs.

  14. Minimizing life cycle cost for subsonic commercial aircraft

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Johnson, Vicki S.

    1990-01-01

    A methodology is presented which facilitates the identification of that aircraft design concept which will incur the lowest life-cycle costs (LCCs) while meeting mission requirements. The methodology consists of an LCC module whose constituent elements calculate the costs associated with R&D, testing, evaluation, and production, as well as direct and indirect operating costs, in conjunction with the 'Flight Optimization System' conceptual design/analysis code. Provision is made in the methodology for sensitivities to advanced technologies for the subsonic commercial aircraft in question, which are optimized with respect to minimum gross weight, fuel consumption, acquisition cost, and direct operating cost.

  15. Perspectives on care and communication involving incurably ill Turkish and Moroccan patients, relatives and professionals: a systematic literature review

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Background Our aim was to obtain a clearer picture of the relevant care experiences and care perceptions of incurably ill Turkish and Moroccan patients, their relatives and professional care providers, as well as of communication and decision-making patterns at the end of life. The ultimate objective is to improve palliative care for Turkish and Moroccan immigrants in the Netherlands, by taking account of socio-cultural factors in the guidelines for palliative care. Methods A systematic literature review was undertaken. The data sources were seventeen national and international literature databases, four Dutch journals dedicated to palliative care and 37 websites of relevant national and international organizations. All the references found were checked to see whether they met the structured inclusion criteria. Inclusion was limited to publications dealing with primary empirical research on the relationship between socio-cultural factors and the health or care situation of Turkish or Moroccan patients with an oncological or incurable disease. The selection was made by first reading the titles and abstracts and subsequently the full texts. The process of deciding which studies to include was carried out by two reviewers independently. A generic appraisal instrument was applied to assess the methodological quality. Results Fifty-seven studies were found that reported findings for the countries of origin (mainly Turkey) and the immigrant host countries (mainly the Netherlands). The central themes were experiences and perceptions of family care, professional care, end-of-life care and communication. Family care is considered a duty, even when such care becomes a severe burden for the main female family caregiver in particular. Professional hospital care is preferred by many of the patients and relatives because they are looking for a cure and security. End-of-life care is strongly influenced by the continuing hope for recovery. Relatives are often quite influential in

  16. Total cost of ownership: the role of clinical engineering.

    PubMed

    Hockel, Dale; Kintner, Michael

    2014-06-01

    Hospitals often incur substantial hidden costs associated with service agreements that they enter into with original equipment manufacturers at the time of equipment purchase. Hospitals should perform an analysis of the total cost of ownership (TCO) of their organizations' medical equipment to identify opportunities for performance improvement and savings. The findings of the TCO analysis can point to areas where clinical engineering service management can be improved through investments in technology, training, and teamwork. PMID:24968636

  17. Comparison of indirect cost multipliers for vehicle manufacturing

    SciTech Connect

    Vyas, A.; Santini, D.; Cuenca, R.

    2000-05-16

    In the process of manufacturing and selling vehicles, a manufacturer incurs certain costs. Among these costs are those incurred directly as a part of manufacturing operations and those incurred indirectly in the processes of manufacturing and selling. The indirect costs may be production-related, such as R and D and engineering; business-related, such as corporate staff salaries and pensions; or retail-sales-related, such as dealer support and marketing. These indirect costs are recovered by allocating them to each vehicle. Under a stable, high-volume production process, the allocation of these indirect costs can be approximated as multipliers (or factors) applied to the direct cost of manufacturing. A manufacturer usually allocates indirect costs to finished vehicles according to a corporation-specific pricing strategy. Because the volumes of sales and production vary widely by model within a corporation, the internal corporate percent allocation of various accounting categories (such as profit or corporate overheat) can vary widely among individual models. Approaches also vary across corporations. For these purposes, an average value is constructed, by means of a generic representative method, for vehicle models produced at high volume. To accomplish this, staff at Argonne National Laboratory's (ANL's) Center for Transportation Research analyzed the conventional vehicle cost structure and developed indirect cost multipliers for passenger vehicles. This memorandum summarizes the results of an effort to compare and put on a common basis the cost multipliers used in ANL's electric and hybrid electric vehicle cost estimation procedures with those resulting from two other methodologies. One of the two compared methodologies is derived from a 1996 presentation by Dr. Chris Borroni-Bird of Chrysler Corporation, the other is by Energy and Environmental Analysis, Inc. (EEA), as described in a 1995 report by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA), Congress of the United

  18. Cost analysis of a primary health care centre in Bangladesh

    PubMed Central

    Hussain, A. M. Zakir

    1983-01-01

    This report describes the first-ever cost analysis of a primary health care centre in Bangladesh. The aim was to provide information on costs incurred on various health care activities available in a thana health complex, in relation to the number of patients and the intensity of use of services. Overall costs were estimated by examining records and papers and by interviewing staff. Cost apportionment was carried out in three stages. In the first stage, all direct expenditure was calculated for each activity, e.g., wards, outpatient department, tuberculosis services, etc. In the second stage, general service costs, covering water, sanitation, security, and administration were divided among the various services. In the third stage, the costs of laboratory services were distributed according to the number of examinations carried out for each service. The capital costs for 1979 were US$ 36 382, of which 84.6% were incurred on the buildings. Recurrent costs for 1979 were US$ 59 556, i.e., 62% of overall costs, reflecting the labour intensiveness of the health complex. The distribution of the costs among the various health care activities was detailed. It was found that, in general, the cost per unit of activity depended mainly on the intensity of use of the resources, e.g., unit costs incurred in the outpatient department, maternal and child health services, and subcentres were relatively low because of the high rate of utilization of services. This study has demonstrated that it is possible to estimate unit costs in a thana health complex. It is hoped that the methods used here will provide a basis for further work of a similar nature. PMID:6603921

  19. Changes of Field Incurred Chlorpyrifos and Its Toxic Metabolite Residues in Rice during Food Processing from-RAC-to-Consumption

    PubMed Central

    Zhang, Zhiyong; Jiang, Wayne W.; Jian, Qiu; Song, Wencheng; Zheng, Zuntao; Wang, Donglan; Liu, Xianjin

    2015-01-01

    The objectives of this study were to determine the effects of food processing on field incurred residues levels of chlorpyrifos and its metabolite 3,5,6-Trichloro-2-pyridinol (TCP) in rice. The chlorpyrifos and TCP were found to be 1.27 and 0.093 mg kg-1 in straw and 0.41 and 0.073 mg kg-1 in grain, respectively. It is observed that the sunlight for 2 hours does not decrease the chlorpyrifos and TCP residues in grain significantly. Their residues in rice were reduced by up to 50% by hulling. The cooking reduced the chlorpyrifos and TCP in rice to undetectable level (below 0.01 mg kg-1). Processing factors (PFs) of chlorpyrifos and TCP residues in rice during food processing were similar. Various factors have impacts on the fates of chlorpyrifos and TCP residues and the important steps to reduce their residues in rice were hulling and cooking. The results can contribute to assure the consumer of a safe wholesome food supply. PMID:25608031

  20. When there Seem to be No Predetermining Factors: Early Child and Proximal Family Risk Predicting Externalizing Behavior in Young Children Incurring No Distal Family Risk

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roskam, I.; Meunier, J.-C.; Stievenart, M.; Noel, M.-P.

    2013-01-01

    The main objective of the current study was to examine the impact of two child risk factors, i.e. personality and inhibition, and two proximal family risk factors, i.e. parenting and attachment, and the impact of their cumulative effect on later externalizing behavior among young children incurring no distal family risk. Data were collected in a…

  1. 11 CFR 9003.4 - Expenses incurred prior to the beginning of the expenditure report period or prior to receipt of...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...: Expenditures for establishing financial accounting systems and expenditures for organizational planning... before the beginning of the expenditure report period, as defined at 11 CFR 9002.12, if such expenditures... provided in 11 CFR 9034.4(e)(2). (2) A candidate may incur qualified campaign expenses prior to...

  2. 20 CFR 10.905 - If an employee incurs a covered injury in connection with his or her service with an Armed Force...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false If an employee incurs a covered injury in connection with his or her service with an Armed Force in a contingency operation but does not die of the... Armed Force in a contingency operation but does not die of the injury until years later, does the...

  3. 20 CFR 10.905 - If an employee incurs a covered injury in connection with his or her service with an Armed Force...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false If an employee incurs a covered injury in connection with his or her service with an Armed Force in a contingency operation but does not die of the... Armed Force in a contingency operation but does not die of the injury until years later, does the...

  4. 20 CFR 10.905 - If an employee incurs a covered injury in connection with his or her service with an Armed Force...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2013-04-01 2012-04-01 true If an employee incurs a covered injury in connection with his or her service with an Armed Force in a contingency operation but does not die of the... Armed Force in a contingency operation but does not die of the injury until years later, does the...

  5. 20 CFR 10.905 - If an employee incurs a covered injury in connection with his or her service with an Armed Force...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2014-04-01 2012-04-01 true If an employee incurs a covered injury in connection with his or her service with an Armed Force in a contingency operation but does not die of the... Armed Force in a contingency operation but does not die of the injury until years later, does the...

  6. 45 CFR 2528.60 - Who may use the education award to pay expenses incurred in enrolling in a G.I. Bill approved...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) CORPORATION FOR NATIONAL AND COMMUNITY SERVICE USING AN EDUCATION AWARD § 2528.60 Who may use the education award to pay expenses incurred in enrolling in a G.I. Bill... 45 Public Welfare 4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Who may use the education award to pay...

  7. 45 CFR 2528.60 - Who may use the education award to pay expenses incurred in enrolling in a G.I. Bill approved...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) CORPORATION FOR NATIONAL AND COMMUNITY SERVICE USING AN EDUCATION AWARD § 2528.60 Who may use the education award to pay expenses incurred in enrolling in a G.I. Bill... 45 Public Welfare 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Who may use the education award to pay...

  8. 45 CFR 2528.60 - Who may use the education award to pay expenses incurred in enrolling in a G.I. Bill approved...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) CORPORATION FOR NATIONAL AND COMMUNITY SERVICE USING AN EDUCATION AWARD § 2528.60 Who may use the education award to pay expenses incurred in enrolling in a G.I. Bill... 45 Public Welfare 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Who may use the education award to pay...

  9. 26 CFR 1.263(a)-5 - Amounts paid or incurred to facilitate an acquisition of a trade or business, a change in the...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... acquisition of a trade or business, a change in the capital structure of a business entity, and certain other... Amounts paid or incurred to facilitate an acquisition of a trade or business, a change in the capital... recognized in the transaction: (1) An acquisition of assets that constitute a trade or business (whether...

  10. 26 CFR 1.263(a)-5 - Amounts paid or incurred to facilitate an acquisition of a trade or business, a change in the...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... acquisition of a trade or business, a change in the capital structure of a business entity, and certain other... Amounts paid or incurred to facilitate an acquisition of a trade or business, a change in the capital... recognized in the transaction: (1) An acquisition of assets that constitute a trade or business (whether...

  11. 26 CFR 1.263(a)-5 - Amounts paid or incurred to facilitate an acquisition of a trade or business, a change in the...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... acquisition of a trade or business, a change in the capital structure of a business entity, and certain other... Amounts paid or incurred to facilitate an acquisition of a trade or business, a change in the capital... recognized in the transaction: (1) An acquisition of assets that constitute a trade or business (whether...

  12. 26 CFR 1.263(a)-5 - Amounts paid or incurred to facilitate an acquisition of a trade or business, a change in the...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... acquisition of a trade or business, a change in the capital structure of a business entity, and certain other... Amounts paid or incurred to facilitate an acquisition of a trade or business, a change in the capital... recognized in the transaction: (1) An acquisition of assets that constitute a trade or business (whether...

  13. 20 CFR 10.902 - Does every employee's death due to injuries incurred in connection with his or her service with...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF LABOR FEDERAL EMPLOYEES' COMPENSATION ACT CLAIMS FOR COMPENSATION UNDER THE FEDERAL EMPLOYEES... incurred in connection with his or her service with an Armed Force in a contingency operation qualify for... connection with his or her service with an Armed Force in a contingency operation qualify for the...

  14. 20 CFR 1002.226 - If the employee has a disability that was incurred in, or aggravated during, the period of...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... incurred in, or aggravated during, the period of service, what efforts must the employer make to help him... aggravated during, the period of service, what efforts must the employer make to help him or her become... reemployment position regardless of any disability. The employer must make reasonable efforts to help...

  15. 20 CFR 1002.226 - If the employee has a disability that was incurred in, or aggravated during, the period of...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... incurred in, or aggravated during, the period of service, what efforts must the employer make to help him... aggravated during, the period of service, what efforts must the employer make to help him or her become... reemployment position regardless of any disability. The employer must make reasonable efforts to help...

  16. 20 CFR 1002.226 - If the employee has a disability that was incurred in, or aggravated during, the period of...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... incurred in, or aggravated during, the period of service, what efforts must the employer make to help him... aggravated during, the period of service, what efforts must the employer make to help him or her become... reemployment position regardless of any disability. The employer must make reasonable efforts to help...

  17. 20 CFR 1002.226 - If the employee has a disability that was incurred in, or aggravated during, the period of...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... incurred in, or aggravated during, the period of service, what efforts must the employer make to help him... aggravated during, the period of service, what efforts must the employer make to help him or her become... reemployment position regardless of any disability. The employer must make reasonable efforts to help...

  18. 20 CFR 1002.226 - If the employee has a disability that was incurred in, or aggravated during, the period of...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... incurred in, or aggravated during, the period of service, what efforts must the employer make to help him... aggravated during, the period of service, what efforts must the employer make to help him or her become... reemployment position regardless of any disability. The employer must make reasonable efforts to help...

  19. Cost of post-stroke outpatient care in Malaysia

    PubMed Central

    Hejazi, Seyed Majid Akhavan; Mazlan, Mazlina; Abdullah, Saini Jeffery Freddy; Engkasan, Julia Patrick

    2015-01-01

    INTRODUCTION This study aimed to investigate the direct cost of outpatient care for patients with stroke, as well as the relationship between the aforementioned cost and the sociodemographic and stroke characteristics of the patients. METHODS This was a cross-sectional study involving patients with first-ever stroke who were attending outpatient stroke rehabilitation, and their family members. Participants were interviewed using a structured questionnaire designed to obtain information regarding the cost of outpatient care. Stroke severity was measured using the National Institute of Health Stroke Scale. RESULTS This study comprised 49 patients (28 men, 21 women) with a mean age of 60.2 (range 35–80) years. The mean total cost incurred was USD 547.10 (range USD 53.50–4,591.60), of which 36.6% was spent on attendant care, 25.5% on medical aids, 15.1% on travel expenses, 14.1% on medical fees and 8.5% on out-of-pocket expenses. Stroke severity, age > 70 years and haemorrhagic stroke were associated with increased cost. The mean cost of attending outpatient therapy per patient was USD 17.50 per session (range USD 6.60–30.60), with travelling expenses (41.8%) forming the bulk of the cost, followed by medical fees (38.1%) and out-of-pocket expenses (10.9%). Multiple regression analysis showed that stroke severity was the main determinant of post-stroke outpatient care cost (p < 0.001). CONCLUSION Post-stroke outpatient care costs are significantly influenced by stroke severity. The cost of attendant care was the main cost incurred during the first three months after hospital discharge, while travelling expenses was the main cost incurred when attending outpatient stroke rehabilitation therapy. PMID:25715857

  20. Estimating patient-level nursing home costs.

    PubMed Central

    Schlenker, R E; Shaughnessy, P W; Yslas, I

    1985-01-01

    This article presents a methodology developed to estimate patient-level nursing home costs. Such estimates are difficult to obtain because most cost data for nursing homes are available from Medicare or Medicaid cost reports, which provide only average values per patient-day across all patients (or all of a particular payer's patients). The methodology presented in this article yields "resource consumption" (RC) measures of the variable cost of nursing staff care incurred in treating individual nursing home patients. Results from the application of the methodology are presented, using data collected in 1980 on a sample of 961 nursing home patients in 74 Colorado nursing homes. This type of approach could be used to link nursing home payments to the care needs of individual patients, thus improving the overall equity of the payment system and possibly reducing the access barriers facing especially Medicaid patients with high-cost care needs. PMID:3921494

  1. Early pain detection and management after esophageal metal stent placement in incurable cancer patients: A prospective observational cohort study

    PubMed Central

    Reijm, Agnes N.; Didden, Paul; Bruno, Marco J.; Spaander, Manon C.W.

    2016-01-01

    Background and study aims: Studies of esophageal self-expandable metal stents (SEMS) mainly focus on efficacy and recurrent dysphagia. Retrosternal pain has been described in up to 14 % of these patients, however, prospective daily pain assessment has not yet been performed. We conducted a prospective study to evaluate the occurrence and management of pain after esophageal SEMS deployment. Patients and methods: A total of 65 patients who underwent SEMS placement for incurable malignant esophageal stenosis were included. Patients used a diary to record intensity of pain twice daily for 2 weeks, according to the Numeric Rating Scale (NRS). A pain score ≥ 4 was used to determine whether patients experienced significant pain. If pain occurred, acetaminophen was used and, in cases of ongoing pain, an opiate was prescribed. Dose, duration, and kind of analgesic were noted. Results: The rate of significant pain increased from 0 % at baseline to 60 % on Day 1 (P < 0.001), followed by 37 % and 25 % on Days 7 and 14, respectively. The rate of analgesics use increased from 20 % at baseline to 78 % on Day 1 (P < 0.001), followed by 72 % and 62 % on Days 7 and 14, respectively. The use of opiates increased from 14 % at baseline to 42 % on Day 1 (P < 0.001). No variables associated with SEMS related pain were found. Conclusions: Two-thirds of patients experience significant pain after esophageal SEMS insertion and analgesics, including opiates, are frequently required. Patients need to be informed and preventive prescription of analgesia should be considered in order to improve quality of life. PMID:27540579

  2. Geographic variation of inpatient care costs at the end of life

    PubMed Central

    Geue, Claudia; Wu, Olivia; Leyland, Alastair; Lewsey, Jim; Quinn, Terry J.

    2016-01-01

    Background: costs incurred at the end of life are a main contributor to healthcare expenditure. Urban–rural inequalities in health outcomes have been demonstrated. Issues around geographical patterning of the association between time-to-death and expenditure remain under-researched. It is unknown whether differences in outcomes translate into differences in costs at the end of life. Methods: we used a large representative sample of the Scottish population obtained from death records linked to acute inpatient care episodes. We performed retrospective analyses of costs and recorded the most frequent reasons for the last hospital admission. Using a two-part model, we estimated the probability of healthcare utilisation and costs for those patients who incurred positive costs. Results: effects of geography on costs were similar across diagnoses. We did not observe a clear gradient for costs, which were lower in other urban areas compared with large urban areas. Patients from remote and very remote areas incurred higher costs than patients from large, urban areas. The main driver of increased costs was increased length of stay. Conclusions: our results provide evidence of additional costs associated with remote locations. If length of stay and costs are to be reduced, alternative care provision is required in rural areas. Lower costs in other urban areas compared with large urban areas may be due to urban centres incurring higher costs through case-mix and clinical practice. If inequalities are driven by hospital admission, for an end of life scenario, care delivered closer to home or home-based care seems intuitively attractive and potentially cost-saving. PMID:27025763

  3. Blood transfusion costs: a multicenter study.

    PubMed

    Forbes, J M; Anderson, M D; Anderson, G F; Bleecker, G C; Rossi, E C; Moss, G S

    1991-05-01

    The cost of delivering a unit of blood (whole blood or red cells) to a hospitalized patient was examined in 19 United States teaching hospitals. The average hospital acquisition cost was calculated by using the prices charged by regional blood centers for blood products. To this cost was added an estimate of costs incurred by hospitals for handling, testing, and administering blood. Across study sites, the average hospital cost per unit transfused was $155 and the average charge to the patient was $219. Acquisition cost, the price that hospitals pay for blood, was 37 percent of the total cost to the hospital; the other 63 percent of the hospital cost included costs for blood bank handling (13%), laboratory tests (43%), and blood administration (7%). Significant variations in blood transfusion cost were found within our sample. Most of the variability can be attributed to geographic location of the blood supply source, type of red cell product transfused, prices charged by blood transfusion services, and the frequency of laboratory tests. The results of this transfusion cost study may be helpful in determining the costs of health care delivery, especially when blood transfusions are indicated. PMID:2020994

  4. 45 CFR 98.55 - Cost allocation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Cost allocation. 98.55 Section 98.55 Public... of Child Care and Development Funds § 98.55 Cost allocation. (a) The Lead Agency and subgrantees shall keep on file cost allocation plans or indirect cost agreements, as appropriate, that have...

  5. 45 CFR 98.55 - Cost allocation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Cost allocation. 98.55 Section 98.55 Public... of Child Care and Development Funds § 98.55 Cost allocation. (a) The Lead Agency and subgrantees shall keep on file cost allocation plans or indirect cost agreements, as appropriate, that have...

  6. 44 CFR 204.43 - Ineligible costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... costs are reimbursable to the State by a Federal agency under another statute (See 44 CFR part 51); (e... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Ineligible costs. 204.43 Section 204.43 Emergency Management and Assistance FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY, DEPARTMENT...

  7. Costing Child Protective Services Staff Turnover.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Graef, Michelle I.; Hill, Erick L.

    2000-01-01

    Details process of determining a child welfare agency's actual dollar costs directly attributed to protective services staff turnover, using the agency's human resources database and interviews with administrative personnel. Provides formulas and process for calculating specific cost elements due to employee separation, replacement, and training.…

  8. 41 CFR 102-36.285 - May we charge for personal property transferred to another federal agency?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false May we charge for... Property Management Federal Property Management Regulations System (Continued) FEDERAL MANAGEMENT... corporation. (b) You may charge for direct costs you incurred incident to the transfer, such as...

  9. Managing the Recurrent Cost of University Education in Nigeria: A Case of Ekiti State University, Ado Ekiti

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oni, Abimbola Oluranti

    2013-01-01

    The education sector especially higher education in Nigeria faces financial challenges. The recurrent cost of university education constitutes about 95% of the total cost incurred by the government in Nigeria. However, the Nigerian government is unable to meet the UNESCO recommendation that 26% of national budgets should be allocated to education.…

  10. If You Stay, It Might Be Easier: Switch Costs from Comprehension to Production in a Joint Switching Task

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gambi, Chiara; Hartsuiker, Robert J.

    2016-01-01

    Switching language is costly for bilingual speakers and listeners, suggesting that language control is effortful in both modalities. But are the mechanisms underlying language control similar across modalities? In this study, we attempted to answer this question by testing whether bilingual speakers incur a cost when switching to a different…

  11. Rental Housing. Housing Vouchers Cost More than Certificates but Offer Added Benefits. Report to the Chairwoman, Subcommittee on HUD-Independent Agencies, Committee on Appropriations, U.S. Senate.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Resources, Community, and Economic Development Div.

    In this study of rental assistance programs for low-income households administered by the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), the General Accounting Office (GAO) compares the costs and benefits of housing certificates and housing vouchers. The certificate program, established in 1974, and the voucher program, authorized in 1983, aim…

  12. The application of artificial neural networks in indirect cost estimation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Leśniak, Agnieszka

    2013-10-01

    Estimating of the costs of construction project is one of the most important task in the management of the project. The total costs can be divided into direct costs that are related to executing the works, and indirect costs that accompany delivery. A precise costs estimation is usually a highly labour and time-intensive task especially when using manual calculation methods. This paper presents Artificial Neural Network (ANN) approach to predicting index of indirect cost of construction projects in Poland. A quantitative study was undertaken on the factors conditioning indirect costs of polish construction projects and a determination was made of the actual costs incurred by enterprises during project implementation. As a result of these studies, a data set was assembled covering 72 real-life cases of building projects constructed in Poland.

  13. 45 CFR 2528.60 - Who may use the education award to pay expenses incurred in enrolling in a G.I. Bill approved...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Who may use the education award to pay expenses incurred in enrolling in a G.I. Bill approved program? 2528.60 Section 2528.60 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) CORPORATION FOR NATIONAL AND COMMUNITY SERVICE USING AN EDUCATION AWARD § 2528.60 Who may use the...

  14. 45 CFR 2528.60 - Who may use the education award to pay expenses incurred in enrolling in a G.I. Bill approved...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Who may use the education award to pay expenses incurred in enrolling in a G.I. Bill approved program? 2528.60 Section 2528.60 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) CORPORATION FOR NATIONAL AND COMMUNITY SERVICE USING AN EDUCATION AWARD § 2528.60 Who may use the...

  15. Assessing home care agencies' readiness for telehealth.

    PubMed

    Demiris, George; Patrick, Timothy; Khatri, Naresh

    2003-01-01

    Home healthcare is facing a set of challenging new realities in the 21st century such as funding limitations and increased life expectancy. Many believe that the use of telehealth enabling patients at home to interact with nurses at the clinical site using videoconferencing technology, will be a cost-effective solution to providing quality care services. Many agencies have adopted or are planning on implementing a telehealth solution. Level of agencies' readiness can lead to a lower level of risk, and a more successful innovation outcome. We developed a framework for assessing home care agencies' readiness for telehealth consisting of 35 items. This instrument can be used as a decision support tool for agencies that are about to implement a telehealth system as well as a formative or summative evaluation tool for agencies already utilizing telehealth. PMID:14728330

  16. Accounting for Agency

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Valentine, Kylie

    2011-01-01

    Children are increasingly described as agents and agency is important to arguments for children's rights and participation. Yet agency is rarely defined or theorised in childhood studies. This article reviews common uses and meanings of agency and argues that critical, social conceptualisations have yet to be extensively taken up in childhood…

  17. The costs of New Zealand pathology.

    PubMed

    France, Necia C; Francis, Graham A J; Lawrence, Stewart R

    2003-05-01

    This paper focuses on methods for costing and funding hospital pathology services, and their relevance for government cost-control goals. Cost is an elusive, socially constructed phenomenon. As such it is context dependent and can be defined in different ways for different purposes. Misunderstanding of the contexts and purposes creates confusion and leads to contradictions and 'costly' mistakes for the New Zealand taxpayer. The cost to the taxpayer is not synonymous with the costs incurred in laboratories. The calculations of the latter, in a hospital setting, are so complex that often those responsible for running the cost systems do not understand the inscriptions produced by computer translations. In this paper, two costing initiatives potentially useful for non-competitive cost containment are outlined. The paper argues that the multiple funding methods resulting from New Zealand's public/private health care mix perpetuate perverse incentives that drive laboratory test volume escalation and discourage the full exploitation of potential economies-of-scale. The long-held objective of successive New Zealand governments to divert health funding away from hospitals and into preventive health care, is being subverted by the retention, at laboratory service level, of a competitive contracting system that was initially set up to contain test prices. The result for the New Zealand taxpayer is that costs are excessive, with millions of dollars passing to foreign-owned laboratories, which have incentives to take the tests, as well as the profits, offshore. PMID:12694950

  18. 40 CFR 36.645 - Federal agency or agency.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Federal agency or agency. 36.645 Section 36.645 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GRANTS AND OTHER FEDERAL... Federal agency or agency. Federal agency or agency means any United States executive department,...

  19. Educational Costs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arnold, Robert

    Problems in educational cost accounting and a new cost accounting approach are described in this paper. The limitations of the individualized cost (student units) approach and the comparative cost approach (in the form of fund-function-object) are illustrated. A new strategy, an activity-based system of accounting, is advocated. Borrowed from…

  20. 44 CFR 208.40 - Reimbursement of fringe benefit costs during Activation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... must * * * Example (1) Incurs a fringe benefit cost based on the number of base hours worked by a System Member, Bill DHS for a pro-rata share of the premium based on the number of base hours worked... number of base hours worked in a week (53 hours). The City should bill DHS an additional 3 percent of...

  1. 44 CFR 208.40 - Reimbursement of fringe benefit costs during Activation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... must * * * Example (1) Incurs a fringe benefit cost based on the number of base hours worked by a System Member, Bill DHS for a pro-rata share of the premium based on the number of base hours worked... number of base hours worked in a week (53 hours). The City should bill DHS an additional 3 percent of...

  2. 44 CFR 208.40 - Reimbursement of fringe benefit costs during Activation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... must * * * Example (1) Incurs a fringe benefit cost based on the number of base hours worked by a System Member, Bill DHS for a pro-rata share of the premium based on the number of base hours worked... number of base hours worked in a week (53 hours). The City should bill DHS an additional 3 percent of...

  3. 44 CFR 208.40 - Reimbursement of fringe benefit costs during Activation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... must * * * Example (1) Incurs a fringe benefit cost based on the number of base hours worked by a System Member, Bill DHS for a pro-rata share of the premium based on the number of base hours worked... number of base hours worked in a week (53 hours). The City should bill DHS an additional 3 percent of...

  4. 78 FR 43203 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Submission for OMB Review; Contract Funding-Limitation of Costs...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-19

    ... ] published in the Federal Register at 77 FR 75163, on December 19, 2012. Two comments were received. DATES... posted without change to http://www.regulations.gov , including any personal and/or business confidential... securing timely knowledge of all probable costs before they are incurred. This information collection...

  5. Cost Worksheet for Out-of-School Time and Community School Initiatives.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Langford, Barbara Hanson

    This worksheet is part of a series of technical assistance resources on financing and sustaining out-of-school time and community school initiatives. The worksheet is intended to help developers of such programs to create one type of financial projection--an operating budget--that identifies the range of costs that their initiative will incur. To…

  6. 10 CFR 950.23 - Claims process for payment of covered costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... incremental cost of purchasing power to meet contractual agreements, including any documentation deemed relevant by the Department to calculate the fair market price of power. (d) Supplementary Certification of... of when a sponsor was scheduled to attain full power operation and expects it will incur...

  7. Applying for Initial AACSB Accreditation: An Exploratory Study to Identify Costs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heriot, Kirk C.; Franklin, Geralyn; Austin, Walt W.

    2009-01-01

    The authors identified the type and magnitude of costs colleges and schools incur when seeking Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business (AACSB) International accreditation. This issue is important to the 156 schools and colleges currently seeking initial accreditation by AACSB and to the thousands of schools worldwide that could seek…

  8. 78 FR 59859 - Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement: Allowability of Legal Costs for Whistleblower...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-30

    ...DoD is issuing an interim rule amending the Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement (DFARS) to implement a section of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013 that amends the allowability of legal costs incurred by a contractor related to whistleblower...

  9. Analyzing the Cost Efficiency of Academic Departments and Instructional Personnel at State Universities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Norris, Robert G.

    A cost-effectiveness model is presented for academic administrators to use in making evaluation and planning decisions related directly to the instructional activities of academic departments. The advantages seen in the model are that it is simple and flexible, concentrates on balancing income generated by the department to expenses incurred, and…

  10. 38 CFR 36.4406 - Reimbursement of costs and disbursement of grant funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... providing conditional approval of a specially adapted housing grant for an eligible individual pursuant to... paragraph. (1) Preconstruction costs to be incurred may not exceed 20 percent of the eligible individual's aggregate amount of assistance available, unless the individual is authorized by the Secretary in writing...

  11. Costs of resistance and infection by a generalist pathogen.

    PubMed

    Dallas, Tad; Holtackers, Mathieu; Drake, John M

    2016-03-01

    Pathogen infection is typically costly to hosts, resulting in reduced fitness. However, pathogen exposure may also come at a cost even if the host does not become infected. These fitness reductions, referred to as "resistance costs", are inducible physiological costs expressed as a result of a trade-off between resistance to a pathogen and aspects of host fitness (e.g., reproduction). Here, we examine resistance and infection costs of a generalist fungal pathogen (Metschnikowia bicuspidata) capable of infecting a number of host species. Costs were quantified as reductions in host lifespan, total reproduction, and mean clutch size as a function of pathogen exposure (resistance cost) or infection (infection cost). We provide empirical support for infection costs and modest support for resistance costs for five Daphnia host species. Specifically, only one host species examined incurred a significant cost of resistance. This species was the least susceptible to infection, suggesting the possibility that host susceptibility to infection is associated with the detectability and size of resistance cost. Host age at the time of pathogen exposure did not influence the magnitude of resistance or infection cost. Lastly, resistant hosts had fitness values intermediate between unexposed control hosts and infected hosts. Although not statistically significant, this could suggest that pathogen exposure does come at some marginal cost. Taken together, our findings suggest that infection is costly, resistance costs may simply be difficult to detect, and the magnitude of resistance cost may vary among host species as a result of host life history or susceptibility. PMID:26929813

  12. Nuclear cost control focuses on refueling outages

    SciTech Connect

    Strauss, S.D.

    1995-12-01

    Extending operating cycles and shortening refueling outages are the mainstays of utility efforts to improve the economics of nuclear generation. Here are key management approaches that have contributed to recent successes. Improving operating efficiency remains the byword of nuclear power producers, as they intensify their drive to reduce operation and maintenance (O and M) costs and survive--even thrive--in a competitive environment. Because replacement-power and other costs can incur penalties of $0.5-million or more for each that a nuclear unit is inoperative--and almost $3-million/day, for one utility--refueling outages are an obvious focal point for such efforts, By the same token, the impact on the bottom line is greater and more dramatic here than for other cost-saving activities.

  13. 28 CFR 100.11 - Allowable costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) COST RECOVERY REGULATIONS, COMMUNICATIONS... reimbursement under section 109(e) CALEA are: (1) All reasonable plant costs directly associated with the... surveillance by a government law enforcement agency, this part permits recovery of only the incremental cost...

  14. 36 CFR 251.58 - Cost recovery.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Cost recovery. 251.58 Section 251.58 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LAND USES Special Uses § 251.58 Cost recovery. (a) Assessment of fees to recover agency processing and monitoring costs. The Forest Service shall assess fees...

  15. 23 CFR 140.807 - Reimbursable costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Reimbursable costs. 140.807 Section 140.807 Highways... Highway Agency Audit Expense § 140.807 Reimbursable costs. (a) Federal funds may be used to reimburse an SHA for the following types of project related audit costs: (1) Salaries, wages, and related...

  16. 7 CFR 2812.7 - Costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Costs. 2812.7 Section 2812.7 Agriculture Regulations...) § 2812.7 Costs. Donated excess personal property/equipment is free of charge. However, the donee must pay all costs associated with packaging and transportation, unless the sponsoring agency has made...

  17. 76 FR 6516 - Insurance Cost Information Regulation

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-04

    ... Vehicle Information and Cost Savings Act, 15 U.S.C. 1941(e), on March 5, 1993, 58 FR 12545, the National... National Highway Traffic Safety Administration Insurance Cost Information Regulation AGENCY: National... announces publication by NHTSA of the 2011 text and data for the annual insurance cost information...

  18. 75 FR 5169 - Insurance Cost Information Regulation

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-01

    ... Vehicle Information and Cost Savings Act, 15 U.S.C. 1941(e), on March 5, 1993, 58 FR 12545, the National... National Highway Traffic Safety Administration Insurance Cost Information Regulation AGENCY: National... announces publication by NHTSA of the 2008 text and data for the annual insurance cost information...

  19. 25 CFR 215.12 - Advertising costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Advertising costs. 215.12 Section 215.12 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR ENERGY AND MINERALS LEAD AND ZINC MINING OPERATIONS AND LEASES, QUAPAW AGENCY § 215.12 Advertising costs. All advertising costs, publication fees,...

  20. 25 CFR 215.12 - Advertising costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Advertising costs. 215.12 Section 215.12 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR ENERGY AND MINERALS LEAD AND ZINC MINING OPERATIONS AND LEASES, QUAPAW AGENCY § 215.12 Advertising costs. All advertising costs, publication fees,...