Science.gov

Sample records for agency incur costs

  1. 41 CFR 102-37.115 - May a holding agency be reimbursed for costs incurred incident to a donation?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... reimbursed for costs incurred incident to a donation? 102-37.115 Section 102-37.115 Public Contracts and... REGULATION PERSONAL PROPERTY 37-DONATION OF SURPLUS PERSONAL PROPERTY Holding Agency § 102-37.115 May a holding agency be reimbursed for costs incurred incident to a donation? Yes, you, as a holding agency,...

  2. 41 CFR 102-37.115 - May a holding agency be reimbursed for costs incurred incident to a donation?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... reimbursed for costs incurred incident to a donation? 102-37.115 Section 102-37.115 Public Contracts and... REGULATION PERSONAL PROPERTY 37-DONATION OF SURPLUS PERSONAL PROPERTY Holding Agency § 102-37.115 May a holding agency be reimbursed for costs incurred incident to a donation? Yes, you, as a holding agency,...

  3. 26 CFR 1.179B-1T - Deduction for capital costs incurred in complying with Environmental Protection Agency sulfur...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... complying with Environmental Protection Agency sulfur regulations (temporary). 1.179B-1T Section 1.179B-1T... Deduction for capital costs incurred in complying with Environmental Protection Agency sulfur regulations... Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). This section also provides rules for making elections under section...

  4. 26 CFR 1.179B-1T - Deduction for capital costs incurred in complying with Environmental Protection Agency sulfur...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... complying with Environmental Protection Agency sulfur regulations (temporary). 1.179B-1T Section 1.179B-1T... Deduction for capital costs incurred in complying with Environmental Protection Agency sulfur regulations... Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). This section also provides rules for making elections under section...

  5. 26 CFR 1.179B-1T - Deduction for capital costs incurred in complying with Environmental Protection Agency sulfur...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... complying with Environmental Protection Agency sulfur regulations (temporary). 1.179B-1T Section 1.179B-1T... Deduction for capital costs incurred in complying with Environmental Protection Agency sulfur regulations... Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). This section also provides rules for making elections under section...

  6. 26 CFR 1.179B-1T - Deduction for capital costs incurred in complying with Environmental Protection Agency sulfur...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... complying with Environmental Protection Agency sulfur regulations (temporary). 1.179B-1T Section 1.179B-1T... capital costs incurred in complying with Environmental Protection Agency sulfur regulations (temporary... Protection Agency (EPA). This section also provides rules for making elections under section 179B....

  7. 26 CFR 1.179B-1T - Deduction for capital costs incurred in complying with Environmental Protection Agency sulfur...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... complying with Environmental Protection Agency sulfur regulations (temporary). 1.179B-1T Section 1.179B-1T... Deduction for capital costs incurred in complying with Environmental Protection Agency sulfur regulations... Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). This section also provides rules for making elections under section...

  8. 50 CFR 80.94 - May an agency incur costs before the beginning of the grant period?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR (CONTINUED) FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE-WILDLIFE AND SPORT FISH RESTORATION PROGRAM ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS, PITTMAN-ROBERTSON WILDLIFE RESTORATION AND DINGELL-JOHNSON SPORT FISH RESTORATION ACTS General Grant Administration § 80.94 May an agency incur costs before the beginning of...

  9. 50 CFR 80.94 - May an agency incur costs before the beginning of the grant period?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR (CONTINUED) FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE-WILDLIFE AND SPORT FISH RESTORATION PROGRAM ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS, PITTMAN-ROBERTSON WILDLIFE RESTORATION AND DINGELL-JOHNSON SPORT FISH RESTORATION ACTS General Grant Administration § 80.94 May an agency incur costs before the beginning of...

  10. 40 CFR 35.925-18 - Limitation upon project costs incurred prior to award.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Limitation upon project costs incurred prior to award. 35.925-18 Section 35.925-18 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GRANTS AND OTHER FEDERAL ASSISTANCE STATE AND LOCAL ASSISTANCE Grants for Construction of Treatment Works-Clean Water Act § 35.925-18...

  11. 23 CFR 1200.30 - Expiration of the right to incur costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... contractors may not incur costs for Federal reimbursement past the expiration date. ... 23 Highways 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Expiration of the right to incur costs. 1200.30 Section... HIGHWAY SAFETY PROGRAMS Closeout § 1200.30 Expiration of the right to incur costs. Unless extended...

  12. 23 CFR 1200.30 - Expiration of the right to incur costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... contractors may not incur costs for Federal reimbursement past the expiration date. ... 23 Highways 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Expiration of the right to incur costs. 1200.30 Section... HIGHWAY SAFETY PROGRAMS Closeout § 1200.30 Expiration of the right to incur costs. Unless extended...

  13. Disrupting Immune Regulation Incurs Transient Costs in Male Reproductive Function

    PubMed Central

    Belloni, Virginia; Sorci, Gabriele; Paccagnini, Eugenio; Guerreiro, Romain; Bellenger, Jérôme; Faivre, Bruno

    2014-01-01

    Background Immune protection against pathogenic organisms has been shown to incur costs. Previous studies investigating the cost of immunity have mostly focused on the metabolic requirements of immune maintenance and activation. In addition to these metabolic costs, the immune system can induce damage to the host if the immune response is mis-targeted or over-expressed. Given its non-specific nature, an over-expressed inflammatory response is often associated with substantial damage for the host. Here, we investigated the cost of an over-expressed inflammatory response in the reproductive function of male mice. Methodology/Principal Findings We experimentally blocked the receptors of an anti-inflammatory cytokine (IL-10) in male mice exposed to a mild inflammatory challenge, with each treatment having an appropriate control group. The experiment was conducted on two age classes, young (3 month old) and old (15 month old) mice, to assess any age-related difference in the cost of a disrupted immune regulation. We found that the concomitant exposure to an inflammatory insult and the blockade of IL-10 induced a reduction in testis mass, compared to the three other groups. The frequency of abnormal sperm morphology was also higher in the group of mice exposed to the inflammatory challenge but did not depend on the blockade of the IL-10. Conclusions Our results provide evidence that immune regulation confers protection against the risk of inflammation-induced infertility during infection. They also suggest that disruption of the effectors involved in the regulation of the inflammatory response can have serious fitness consequences even under mild inflammatory insult and benign environmental conditions. PMID:24400103

  14. The Cost of Prestige: Do New Research I Universities Incur Higher Administrative Costs?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morphew, Christopher C.; Baker, Bruce D.

    2004-01-01

    The authors construct and respond to several questions about changing administrative costs for new Research I Universities, a group of institutions that might be expected to incur new costs as a result of their new status. Using IPEDS data, the study provides mixed support for the claim that universities reaching the pinnacle of research…

  15. 44 CFR 208.38 - Reimbursement for re-supply and logistics costs incurred during Activation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Reimbursement for re-supply and logistics costs incurred during Activation. 208.38 Section 208.38 Emergency Management and...-supply and logistics costs incurred during Activation. With the exception of emergency...

  16. 44 CFR 208.38 - Reimbursement for re-supply and logistics costs incurred during Activation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Reimbursement for re-supply and logistics costs incurred during Activation. 208.38 Section 208.38 Emergency Management and...-supply and logistics costs incurred during Activation. With the exception of emergency...

  17. 44 CFR 208.38 - Reimbursement for re-supply and logistics costs incurred during Activation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2012-10-01 2011-10-01 true Reimbursement for re-supply and logistics costs incurred during Activation. 208.38 Section 208.38 Emergency Management and...-supply and logistics costs incurred during Activation. With the exception of emergency...

  18. 44 CFR 208.38 - Reimbursement for re-supply and logistics costs incurred during Activation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Reimbursement for re-supply and logistics costs incurred during Activation. 208.38 Section 208.38 Emergency Management and...-supply and logistics costs incurred during Activation. With the exception of emergency...

  19. 44 CFR 208.38 - Reimbursement for re-supply and logistics costs incurred during Activation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Reimbursement for re-supply and logistics costs incurred during Activation. 208.38 Section 208.38 Emergency Management and...-supply and logistics costs incurred during Activation. With the exception of emergency...

  20. 16 CFR 1105.8 - Costs must be authorized and incurred.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Costs must be authorized and incurred. 1105.8 Section 1105.8 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY ACT REGULATIONS CONTRIBUTIONS TO COSTS OF PARTICIPANTS IN DEVELOPMENT OF CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY STANDARDS §...

  1. 40 CFR 35.925-18 - Limitation upon project costs incurred prior to award.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... eligible land, or advance construction of minor portions of treatment works, including associated... GRANTS AND OTHER FEDERAL ASSISTANCE STATE AND LOCAL ASSISTANCE Grants for Construction of Treatment Works-Clean Water Act § 35.925-18 Limitation upon project costs incurred prior to award. That...

  2. 23 CFR 1200.30 - Expiration of the right to incur costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Expiration of the right to incur costs. 1200.30 Section 1200.30 Highways NATIONAL HIGHWAY TRAFFIC SAFETY ADMINISTRATION AND FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION PROCEDURES FOR STATE HIGHWAY SAFETY PROGRAMS UNIFORM PROCEDURES FOR STATE HIGHWAY SAFETY PROGRAMS Closeout §...

  3. 25 CFR 170.602 - If a tribe incurs unforeseen construction costs, can it get additional funds?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... sufficient additional funds are awarded. (See 25 CFR 900.130(e).) Miscellaneous Provisions ... 25 Indians 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false If a tribe incurs unforeseen construction costs, can it... Funding Process § 170.602 If a tribe incurs unforeseen construction costs, can it get additional...

  4. 30 CFR 1229.109 - Reimbursement for costs incurred by a State under the delegation of authority.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Gas, Onshore Administration of Delegations § 1229.109 Reimbursement for costs incurred by a State... for 100 percent of the direct cost associated with the activities undertaken under the delegation...

  5. Economic costs incurred by households in the 2011 Greater Bangkok flood

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nabangchang, Orapan; Allaire, Maura; Leangcharoen, Prinyarat; Jarungrattanapong, Rawadee; Whittington, Dale

    2015-01-01

    This paper presents the first comprehensive estimates of the economic costs experienced by households in the 2011 Greater Bangkok flood. More generally, it contributes to the literature by presenting the first estimates of flood costs based on primary data collected from respondents of flooded homes using in-person interviews. Two rounds of interviews were conducted with 469 households in three of the most heavily affected districts of greater Bangkok. The estimates of economic costs include preventative costs, ex post losses, compensation received, and any new income generated during the flood. Median household economic costs were US3089, equivalent to about half of annual household expenditures (mean costs were US5261). Perhaps surprisingly given the depth and duration of the flood, most houses incurred little structural damage (although furniture, appliances, and cars were damaged). Median economic costs to poor and nonpoor households were similar as a percentage of annual household expenditures (53% and 48%, respectively). Compensation payments received from government did little to reduce the total economic losses of the vast majority of households. Two flood-related deaths were reported in our sample—both in low-income neighborhoods. Overall, ex post damage was the largest component of flood costs (66% of total). These findings are new, important inputs for the evaluation of flood control mitigation and preventive measures that are now under consideration by the Government of Thailand. The paper also illustrates how detailed microeconomic data on household costs can be collected and summarized for policy purposes.

  6. 7 CFR 755.5 - Proof of eligible reimbursement costs incurred.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Section 755.5 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FARM SERVICE AGENCY...) Commodity and unit of measure; (3) Type of input(s) associated with transportation costs; (4) Date(s) of... transportation of each commodity or input. Such documentation must: (1) Show transportation costs for...

  7. Elaborate horns in a giant rhinoceros beetle incur negligible aerodynamic costs

    PubMed Central

    McCullough, Erin L.; Tobalske, Bret W.

    2013-01-01

    Sexually selected ornaments and weapons are among nature's most extravagant morphologies. Both ornaments and weapons improve a male's reproductive success; yet, unlike ornaments that need only attract females, weapons must be robust and functional structures because they are frequently tested during male–male combat. Consequently, weapons are expected to be particularly costly to bear. Here, we tested the aerodynamic costs of horns in the giant rhinoceros beetle, Trypoxylus dichotomus. We predicted that the long, forked head horn would have three main effects on flight performance: increased body mass, an anterior shift in the centre of mass and increased body drag. We found that the horns were surprisingly lightweight, and therefore had a trivial effect on the male beetles' total mass and mass distribution. Furthermore, because beetles typically fly at slow speeds and high body angles, horns had little effect on total body drag. Together, the weight and the drag of horns increased the overall force required to fly by less than 3 per cent, even in the largest males. Because low-cost structures are expected to be highly evolutionarily labile, the fact that horns incur very minor flight costs may have permitted both the elaboration and diversification of rhinoceros beetle horns. PMID:23486444

  8. 45 CFR 402.12 - Use of SLIAG Funds for Costs Incurred Prior to October 1, 1987.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Use of SLIAG Funds for Costs Incurred Prior to October 1, 1987. 402.12 Section 402.12 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF REFUGEE RESETTLEMENT, ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES STATE LEGALIZATION IMPACT ASSISTANCE...

  9. 42 CFR 412.105 - Special treatment: Hospitals that incur indirect costs for graduate medical education programs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES MEDICARE PROGRAM PROSPECTIVE PAYMENT SYSTEMS FOR INPATIENT HOSPITAL SERVICES Special Treatment of Certain Facilities Under the Prospective Payment System for Inpatient Operating Costs § 412.105 Special treatment: Hospitals that incur...

  10. Predonation Direct and Indirect Costs Incurred by Adults Who Donated a Kidney: Findings From the KDOC Study

    PubMed Central

    Rodrigue, J. R.; Schold, J. D.; Morrissey, P.; Whiting, J.; Vella, J.; Kayler, L. K.; Katz, D.; Jones, J.; Kaplan, B.; Fleishman, A.; Pavlakis, M.; Mandelbrot, D. A.

    2016-01-01

    Limited information exists on the predonation costs incurred by eventual living kidney donors (LKDs). Expenses related to completion of the donation evaluation were collected from 194 LKDs participating in the multi-center, prospective Kidney Donor Outcomes Cohort (KDOC) Study. Most LKDs (n = 187, 96%) reported one or more direct costs, including ground transportation (80%), healthcare (24%), lodging (17%) and air transportation (14%), totaling $101 484 (USD; mean = $523 ± 942). Excluding paid vacation or sick leave, donor and companion lost wages totaled $35 918 (mean = $187 ± 556) and $14 378 (mean = $76 ± 311), respectively. One-third of LKDs used paid vacation or sick leave to avoid incurring lost wages. Few LKDs reported receiving financial support from the transplant candidate (6%), transplant candidate’s family (3%), a nonprofit organization (3%), the National Living Donor Assistance Center (7%), or transplant center (3%). Higher total costs were significantly associated with longer distance traveled to the transplant center (p < 0.001); however, total costs were not associated with age, sex, race/ethnicity, household income, marital status, insurance status, or transplant center. Moderate predonation direct and indirect costs are common for adults who complete the donation evaluation. Potential LKDs should be advised of these possible costs, and the transplant community should examine additional strategies to reimburse donors for them. PMID:25943721

  11. 44 CFR 208.37 - Reimbursement for equipment and supply costs incurred during Activation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY DISASTER ASSISTANCE NATIONAL URBAN... that duplicate a previous purchase under a Preparedness or Response Cooperative Agreement....

  12. 44 CFR 208.37 - Reimbursement for equipment and supply costs incurred during Activation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY DISASTER ASSISTANCE NATIONAL URBAN... that duplicate a previous purchase under a Preparedness or Response Cooperative Agreement....

  13. 44 CFR 208.37 - Reimbursement for equipment and supply costs incurred during Activation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY DISASTER ASSISTANCE NATIONAL URBAN... that duplicate a previous purchase under a Preparedness or Response Cooperative Agreement....

  14. 44 CFR 208.37 - Reimbursement for equipment and supply costs incurred during Activation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY DISASTER ASSISTANCE NATIONAL URBAN... that duplicate a previous purchase under a Preparedness or Response Cooperative Agreement....

  15. 44 CFR 208.37 - Reimbursement for equipment and supply costs incurred during Activation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY DISASTER ASSISTANCE NATIONAL URBAN... that duplicate a previous purchase under a Preparedness or Response Cooperative Agreement....

  16. 2 CFR 200.418 - Costs incurred by states and local governments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... IHEs, are allowable costs of such IHEs whether or not these costs are recorded in the accounting... accordance with applicable Federal cost accounting principles in this part; and (c) The costs are not... governments. 200.418 Section 200.418 Grants and Agreements Office of Management and Budget Guidance for...

  17. Excessive costs incurred by the Strategic Petroleum Reserve program for rental and other services

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1980-06-19

    Audits of procurement costs for goods and services indicated excessive costs to the prime contractor and thus to DOE when competitive bid procedures were not followed. Food services charges to emergency fire fighters were padded. Service calls and transportation also resulted in violation of energy-conservation policy where closer services were available. Recommendations for recovery of excessive costs were implemented where final payment had not occurred.

  18. Costs incurred by applying computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing techniques for the reconstruction of maxillofacial defects.

    PubMed

    Rustemeyer, Jan; Melenberg, Alex; Sari-Rieger, Aynur

    2014-12-01

    This study aims to evaluate the additional costs incurred by using a computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) technique for reconstructing maxillofacial defects by analyzing typical cases. The medical charts of 11 consecutive patients who were subjected to the CAD/CAM technique were considered, and invoices from the companies providing the CAD/CAM devices were reviewed for every case. The number of devices used was significantly correlated with cost (r = 0.880; p < 0.001). Significant differences in mean costs were found between cases in which prebent reconstruction plates were used (€3346.00 ± €29.00) and cases in which they were not (€2534.22 ± €264.48; p < 0.001). Significant differences were also obtained between the costs of two, three and four devices, even when ignoring the cost of reconstruction plates. Additional fees provided by statutory health insurance covered a mean of 171.5% ± 25.6% of the cost of the CAD/CAM devices. Since the additional fees provide financial compensation, we believe that the CAD/CAM technique is suited for wide application and not restricted to complex cases. Where additional fees/funds are not available, the CAD/CAM technique might be unprofitable, so the decision whether or not to use it remains a case-to-case decision with respect to cost versus benefit.

  19. The unfunded costs incurred by patients accessing plastic surgical care in Northern Saskatchewan

    PubMed Central

    Robb, Jessica L; Clapson, Brian J

    2014-01-01

    The Canadian health care system was designed to ensure that all Canadian citizens would receive equal access to health care. However, in rural areas of Canada, patients are required to travel long distances and pay significant out-of-pocket expenses to access health care. The present study attempted to quantify the added out-of-pocket costs that rural Saskatchewan residents must pay to receive plastic surgical specialist care compared with urban residents of Saskatoon. A cost analysis was performed to generate a numerical value that would represent a minimum cost for patients travelling from three different locations within the province. The cost analysis performed in the present study approximated that the unfunded costs for common plastic surgical procedures are, at a minimum, 30 times greater for rural patients in La Ronge compared with their urban counterparts in Saskatoon. The fundamental principle of the Canadian health care system is equal access to necessary health care for all Canadians. Despite this, inequalities persist. The present cost-analysis study demonstrated that the unfunded (out-of-pocket) expenses for rural Saskatchewan patients seeking plastic surgical treatment is significantly higher than for their urban counterparts. These unfunded costs represent a significant barrier to health care access in Canada and serve to propagate inequalities in the nation’s heath care system. PMID:25114619

  20. Diagnostic Pathways to Alzheimer Disease: Costs Incurred in a Medicare Population.

    PubMed

    Gilden, Daniel M; Kubisiak, Joanna M; Sarsour, Khaled; Hunter, Craig A

    2015-01-01

    Despite its implications on the personal and policy level, little is currently known about the specific diagnostic pathways that patients with cognitive impairment (CI) pass through before being diagnosed with Alzheimer disease (AD). Four major diagnostic pathways were identified in the Medicare claims records for 2001 to 2006: AD as initial diagnosis, cognitive disturbance followed by AD; dementia with suspected etiologies followed by AD; dementia without known cause followed by AD; and 1 triple pathway, cognitive disturbance followed by dementia without known cause followed by AD. For all of these pathways, previously low medical costs peaked during patients' month of initial diagnosis and then declined to a level substantially higher than before. The 3 CI pathways that transition to AD included another peak in costs when a secondary AD diagnosis occurred. Each time, inpatient and skilled nursing facility services were major cost contributors. The primary diagnoses on Medicare claims for the AD event were usually comorbidities rather than CI. A linear regression model adjusting for demographic factors, selected comorbidities, and overall frailty found that the transitional CI diagnoses were significant independent cost determinants. They increased Medicare expenditures by an estimated $4600 to $14,200 relative to patients whose initial CI diagnosis was AD.

  1. 44 CFR 208.39 - Reimbursement for personnel costs incurred during Activation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... costs for Activated Support Specialists will be limited to periods of time during which they were... sleep periods during Activation. Activated System Members are considered “on-duty” and must be available for immediate response at all times during Activation. (d) Regular rate. The regular rate for...

  2. Employer-incurred health care costs and productivity losses associated with influenza

    PubMed Central

    Karve, Sudeep; Misurski, Derek A.; Meier, Genevieve; Davis, Keith L.

    2013-01-01

    The primary objective of this study was to assess trends in employer expenditures for both direct medical costs and indirect productivity losses associated with influenza. A retrospective analysis was performed using two of the MarketScan family of databases for 2005–2009. Patients with at least one diagnosis claim for influenza during an influenza season were selected. We estimated seasonal incidence of influenza in the employed population from the MarketScan Commercial Claims and Encounters database. Health care utilization and costs and productivity losses were assessed during the 21-d period following the influenza diagnosis date. Compared with the 2005–2006 season (493 per 100,000 plan members), influenza incidence increased during the 2006–2007 (598 per 100,000 plan members) and 2007–2008 (1,142 per 100,000 plan members) seasons and had a dramatic increase during the pandemic season of 2008–2009 (1,715 per 100,000 plan members) . The total influenza-related employer spending per 100,000 plan members also increased by over 400% during the 2008–2009 influenza season [$623,248; confidence interval (CI]):$601,518-$644,991], compared with 2005–2006 ($145,834; 95% CI: $135,067-$156,603). The primary drivers of the increased costs were emergency room, outpatient and inpatient visits. Total costs associated with influenza-related missed work time per 100,000 plan members increased over 4-fold from $26,479 in the 2005–2006 influenza season to $122,811 in 2008–2009. Overall, as expected, considerably higher direct and indirect costs were observed during the 2008–2009 influenza pandemic season than during other influenza seasons. In recent years, the influenza-related employer burden has increased considerably. In future, employers may need efficient resource allocation in order to address the productivity losses and increasing direct medical costs associated with increased influenza incidence. One of the strategies that employers may consider is

  3. 48 CFR 9904.402 - Cost accounting standard-consistency in allocating costs incurred for the same purpose.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Regulations System COST ACCOUNTING STANDARDS BOARD, OFFICE OF FEDERAL PROCUREMENT POLICY, OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT AND BUDGET PROCUREMENT PRACTICES AND COST ACCOUNTING STANDARDS COST ACCOUNTING STANDARDS 9904.402 Cost... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Cost accounting...

  4. 48 CFR 9904.402 - Cost accounting standard-consistency in allocating costs incurred for the same purpose.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 7 2013-10-01 2012-10-01 true Cost accounting standard... Regulations System COST ACCOUNTING STANDARDS BOARD, OFFICE OF FEDERAL PROCUREMENT POLICY, OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT AND BUDGET PROCUREMENT PRACTICES AND COST ACCOUNTING STANDARDS COST ACCOUNTING STANDARDS 9904.402...

  5. 48 CFR 9904.402 - Cost accounting standard-consistency in allocating costs incurred for the same purpose.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 7 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Cost accounting standard... Regulations System COST ACCOUNTING STANDARDS BOARD, OFFICE OF FEDERAL PROCUREMENT POLICY, OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT AND BUDGET PROCUREMENT PRACTICES AND COST ACCOUNTING STANDARDS COST ACCOUNTING STANDARDS 9904.402...

  6. 48 CFR 9904.402 - Cost accounting standard-consistency in allocating costs incurred for the same purpose.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 7 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Cost accounting standard... Regulations System COST ACCOUNTING STANDARDS BOARD, OFFICE OF FEDERAL PROCUREMENT POLICY, OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT AND BUDGET PROCUREMENT PRACTICES AND COST ACCOUNTING STANDARDS COST ACCOUNTING STANDARDS 9904.402...

  7. Honey bee hygienic behaviour does not incur a cost via removal of healthy brood.

    PubMed

    Bigio, G; Al Toufailia, H; Ratnieks, F L W

    2014-01-01

    In the honey bee, hygienic behaviour, the removal of dead or diseased brood from capped cells by workers, is a heritable trait that confers colony-level resistance against brood diseases. This behaviour is quite rare. Only c. 10% of unselected colonies show high levels of hygiene. Previous studies suggested that hygiene might be rare because it also results in the removal of healthy brood, thereby imposing an ongoing cost even when brood diseases are absent. We tested this hypothesis by quantifying hygienic behaviour in 10 colonies using a standard technique, the freeze-killed brood (FKB) bioassay. At the same time, we also quantified the removal of untreated brood. The study colonies showed a wide range in hygienic behaviour, removing 19.7-100% of the FKB. The removal of untreated brood ranged from 2% to 44.4%. However, there was no correlation between the two removal rates for any of the four age groups of untreated brood studied (eggs, young larvae, older larvae from uncapped cells and larvae/pupae from capped cells). These results do not support the cost-to-healthy-brood hypothesis for the rarity of hygienic behaviour. PMID:24330477

  8. A risk-reduction approach for optimal software release time determination with the delay incurred cost

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Peng, Rui; Li, Yan-Fu; Zhang, Jun-Guang; Li, Xiang

    2015-07-01

    Most existing research on software release time determination assumes that parameters of the software reliability model (SRM) are deterministic and the reliability estimate is accurate. In practice, however, there exists a risk that the reliability requirement cannot be guaranteed due to the parameter uncertainties in the SRM, and such risk can be as high as 50% when the mean value is used. It is necessary for the software project managers to reduce the risk to a lower level by delaying the software release, which inevitably increases the software testing costs. In order to incorporate the managers' preferences over these two factors, a decision model based on multi-attribute utility theory (MAUT) is developed for the determination of optimal risk-reduction release time.

  9. 48 CFR 9905.502 - Cost accounting standard-consistency in allocating costs incurred for the same purpose by...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 7 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Cost accounting standard... 9905.502 Federal Acquisition Regulations System COST ACCOUNTING STANDARDS BOARD, OFFICE OF FEDERAL PROCUREMENT POLICY, OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT AND BUDGET PROCUREMENT PRACTICES AND COST ACCOUNTING STANDARDS...

  10. 48 CFR 9905.502 - Cost accounting standard-consistency in allocating costs incurred for the same purpose by...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 7 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Cost accounting standard... 9905.502 Federal Acquisition Regulations System COST ACCOUNTING STANDARDS BOARD, OFFICE OF FEDERAL PROCUREMENT POLICY, OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT AND BUDGET PROCUREMENT PRACTICES AND COST ACCOUNTING STANDARDS...

  11. 48 CFR 9905.502 - Cost accounting standard-consistency in allocating costs incurred for the same purpose by...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 7 2013-10-01 2012-10-01 true Cost accounting standard... 9905.502 Federal Acquisition Regulations System COST ACCOUNTING STANDARDS BOARD, OFFICE OF FEDERAL PROCUREMENT POLICY, OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT AND BUDGET PROCUREMENT PRACTICES AND COST ACCOUNTING STANDARDS...

  12. 48 CFR 9905.502 - Cost accounting standard-consistency in allocating costs incurred for the same purpose by...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Cost accounting standard... 9905.502 Federal Acquisition Regulations System COST ACCOUNTING STANDARDS BOARD, OFFICE OF FEDERAL PROCUREMENT POLICY, OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT AND BUDGET PROCUREMENT PRACTICES AND COST ACCOUNTING STANDARDS...

  13. 40 CFR 35.4080 - Does my group get a lump sum up front, or does EPA reimburse us for costs we incur?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Does my group get a lump sum up front, or does EPA reimburse us for costs we incur? 35.4080 Section 35.4080 Protection of Environment... Technical Assistance How You Get the Money § 35.4080 Does my group get a lump sum up front, or does...

  14. 40 CFR 35.4080 - Does my group get a lump sum up front, or does EPA reimburse us for costs we incur?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Does my group get a lump sum up front, or does EPA reimburse us for costs we incur? 35.4080 Section 35.4080 Protection of Environment... Technical Assistance How You Get the Money § 35.4080 Does my group get a lump sum up front, or does...

  15. 26 CFR 301.7430-8 - Administrative costs incurred in damage actions for violations of section 362 or 524 of the...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 18 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Administrative costs incurred in damage actions for violations of section 362 or 524 of the Bankruptcy Code. 301.7430-8 Section 301.7430-8 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) PROCEDURE AND ADMINISTRATION PROCEDURE AND ADMINISTRATION...

  16. 26 CFR 301.7430-8 - Administrative costs incurred in damage actions for violations of section 362 or 524 of the...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... for violations of section 362 or 524 of the Bankruptcy Code. 301.7430-8 Section 301.7430-8 Internal... Administrative costs incurred in damage actions for violations of section 362 or 524 of the Bankruptcy Code. (a... Service relating to the willful violation of section 362 or 524 of the Bankruptcy Code only if...

  17. 50 CFR 80.93 - When may an agency incur costs under a grant?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... THE INTERIOR (CONTINUED) FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE-WILDLIFE SPORT FISH RESTORATION PROGRAM ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS, PITTMAN-ROBERTSON WILDLIFE RESTORATION AND DINGELL-JOHNSON SPORT FISH RESTORATION ACTS...

  18. 50 CFR 80.93 - When may an agency incur costs under a grant?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... THE INTERIOR (CONTINUED) FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE-WILDLIFE SPORT FISH RESTORATION PROGRAM ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS, PITTMAN-ROBERTSON WILDLIFE RESTORATION AND DINGELL-JOHNSON SPORT FISH RESTORATION ACTS...

  19. 10 CFR 765.30 - Reimbursement of costs incurred in accordance with a plan for subsequent remedial action.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... COSTS OF REMEDIAL ACTION AT ACTIVE URANIUM AND THORIUM PROCESSING SITES Additional Reimbursement... reimbursement ratio established for such site; or (2) For the uranium site licensees only, $6.25, as...

  20. 25 CFR 171.555 - What additional costs will I incur if I am granted a Payment Plan?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... AND WATER IRRIGATION OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE Financial Matters: Assessments, Billing, and... following costs: (a) An administrative fee to process your Payment Plan, as required by 31 CFR 901.9....

  1. 25 CFR 171.555 - What additional costs will I incur if I am granted a Payment Plan?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... AND WATER IRRIGATION OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE Financial Matters: Assessments, Billing, and... following costs: (a) An administrative fee to process your Payment Plan, as required by 31 CFR 901.9....

  2. 25 CFR 171.555 - What additional costs will I incur if I am granted a Payment Plan?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... AND WATER IRRIGATION OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE Financial Matters: Assessments, Billing, and... following costs: (a) An administrative fee to process your Payment Plan, as required by 31 CFR 901.9....

  3. 25 CFR 171.555 - What additional costs will I incur if I am granted a Payment Plan?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... AND WATER IRRIGATION OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE Financial Matters: Assessments, Billing, and... following costs: (a) An administrative fee to process your Payment Plan, as required by 31 CFR 901.9....

  4. 25 CFR 171.555 - What additional costs will I incur if I am granted a Payment Plan?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... AND WATER IRRIGATION OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE Financial Matters: Assessments, Billing, and... following costs: (a) An administrative fee to process your Payment Plan, as required by 31 CFR 901.9....

  5. 45 CFR 402.12 - Use of SLIAG Funds for Costs Incurred Prior to October 1, 1987.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... REFUGEE RESETTLEMENT, ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES STATE LEGALIZATION IMPACT ASSISTANCE GRANTS Use of Funds § 402.12 Use of SLIAG Funds for Costs...

  6. 10 CFR 765.30 - Reimbursement of costs incurred in accordance with a plan for subsequent remedial action.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... COSTS OF REMEDIAL ACTION AT ACTIVE URANIUM AND THORIUM PROCESSING SITES Additional Reimbursement... reimbursement ratio established for such site; or (2) For the uranium site licensees only, $6.25, as...

  7. 10 CFR 765.30 - Reimbursement of costs incurred in accordance with a plan for subsequent remedial action.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... COSTS OF REMEDIAL ACTION AT ACTIVE URANIUM AND THORIUM PROCESSING SITES Additional Reimbursement... reimbursement ratio established for such site; or (2) For the uranium site licensees only, $6.25, as...

  8. 10 CFR 765.30 - Reimbursement of costs incurred in accordance with a plan for subsequent remedial action.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... COSTS OF REMEDIAL ACTION AT ACTIVE URANIUM AND THORIUM PROCESSING SITES Additional Reimbursement... reimbursement ratio established for such site; or (2) For the uranium site licensees only, $6.25, as...

  9. 10 CFR 765.30 - Reimbursement of costs incurred in accordance with a plan for subsequent remedial action.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... COSTS OF REMEDIAL ACTION AT ACTIVE URANIUM AND THORIUM PROCESSING SITES Additional Reimbursement... reimbursement ratio established for such site; or (2) For the uranium site licensees only, $6.25, as...

  10. Cost Effectiveness of Personalized Therapy for First-Line Treatment of Stage IV and Recurrent Incurable Adenocarcinoma of the Lung

    PubMed Central

    Handorf, Elizabeth A.; McElligott, Sean; Vachani, Anil; Langer, Corey J.; Bristol Demeter, Mirar; Armstrong, Katrina; Asch, David A.

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: Patients with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation–positive stage IV adenocarcinoma have improved survival with tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) treatments, but the cost effectiveness of personalized first-line therapy using EGFR mutation testing is unknown. Methods: We created a decision analytic model comparing the costs and effects of platinum combination chemotherapy with personalized therapy in which patients with EGFR mutation–positive tumors were treated with erlotinib. We used two testing strategies: testing only those with tissue available and performing a repeat biopsy if tissue was not available versus three nontargeted chemotherapy regimens (ie, carboplatin and paclitaxel; carboplatin and pemetrexed; and carboplatin, pemetrexed, and bevacizumab). Results: Compared with a carboplatin plus paclitaxel regimen, targeted therapy based on testing available tissue yielded an incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER) of $110,644 per quality-adjusted life year (QALY), and the rebiopsy strategy yielded an ICER of $122,219 per QALY. Probabilistic sensitivity analysis revealed substantial uncertainty around these point estimates. With a willingness to pay of $100,000 per QALY, the testing strategy was cost effective 58% of the time, and the rebiopsy strategy was cost effective 54% of the time. Personalized therapy with an EGFR TKI was more favorable when the nontargeted chemotherapy regimen was more expensive. Compared with carboplatin, pemetrexed, and bevacizumab, ICERs were $25,547 per QALY for the testing strategy and $44,036 per QALY for the rebiopsy strategy. Conclusion: Although specific clinical circumstances should guide therapy, our cost-effectiveness analysis supports the strategy of testing for EGFR mutations in patients with stage IV or recurrent adenocarcinoma of the lung, rebiopsying patients if insufficient tissue is available for testing, and treating patients with EGFR mutations with erlotinib as first-line therapy. PMID

  11. Sexually selected UV signals in the tropical ornate jumping spider, Cosmophasis umbratica may incur costs from predation

    PubMed Central

    Bulbert, Matthew W; O'Hanlon, James C; Zappettini, Shane; Zhang, Shichang; Li, Daiqin

    2015-01-01

    Sexually selected ornaments and signals are costly to maintain if they are maladaptive in nonreproductive contexts. The jumping spider Cosmophasis umbratica exhibits distinct sexual dichromatism with males displaying elaborate UV body markings that signal male quality. Female C. umbratica respond favorably to UV-reflecting males and ignore males that have their UV masked. However, Portia labiata, a UV-sensitive spider-eating specialist and a natural predator of C. umbratica, is known to use UV reflectance as a cue when hunting prey. We investigated the cost of these UV signals in C. umbratica in terms of their predation risk. Under experimental conditions, three choice scenarios were presented to P. labiata individuals. Choices by P. labiata were made between male C. umbratica with and without the UV signal; a UV-reflecting male and non-UV-reflecting female; and a UV-masked male and female. The presence and absence of UV signals was manipulated using an optical filter. Portia labiata exhibited a strong bias toward UV+ individuals. These results suggest the sexually selected trait of UV reflectance increases the visibility of males to UV-sensitive predators. The extent of this male-specific UV signal then is potentially moderated by predation pressure. Interestingly though, P. labiata still preferred males to females irrespective of whether UV reflectance was present or not. This suggests P. labiata can switch cues when conditions to detect UV reflectance are not optimal. PMID:25750717

  12. 75 FR 57284 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Cost Submission

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-20

    ... SECURITY U.S. Customs and Border Protection Agency Information Collection Activities: Cost Submission... other Federal agencies to comment on an information collection requirement concerning: Cost Submission... forms of information technology; and (e) the annual costs burden to respondents or record keepers...

  13. Activation of the immune system incurs energetic costs but has no effect on the thermogenic performance of house sparrows during acute cold challenge.

    PubMed

    King, Marisa O; Swanson, David L

    2013-06-01

    Trade-offs between the immune system and other condition-dependent life-history traits (reproduction, predator avoidance and somatic growth) have been well documented in both birds and mammals. However, no studies have examined the impact of immune activation on thermoregulatory performance during acute cold exposure. Because of their high surface-area-to-volume ratios, small birds incur high energetic costs associated with thermoregulation during cold exposure. Consequently, we predicted that the immune system and the thermoregulatory system would compete for energetic resources. To test this, we immunologically challenged adult house sparrows (Passer domesticus) with 5 mg kg(-1) of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) to induce an acute phase response and measured both resting (RMR; minimum metabolic rate) and summit ( ; maximal metabolic rate during cold exposure) metabolic rates. We found that birds injected with LPS had significantly higher RMR and than birds injected with phosphate-buffered saline, indicating that LPS-treated birds were able to support the cost of both immune activation and thermoregulation under conditions eliciting maximal thermogenic performance. These results suggest that, in the absence of a pathogen, birds that experience short-term activation of the immune system have higher energetic costs during cold exposure, but immune activation does not compromise maximum thermoregulatory performance.

  14. 75 FR 76022 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Cost Submission

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-07

    ... published in the Federal Register (75 FR 57284) on September 20, 2010, allowing for a 60-day comment period... SECURITY Customs and Border Protection Agency Information Collection Activities: Cost Submission AGENCY: U... approval in accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act: Cost Submission (CBP Form 247). This is a...

  15. 24 CFR 578.41 - Unified Funding Agency costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 3 2014-04-01 2013-04-01 true Unified Funding Agency costs. 578.41 Section 578.41 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development... § 578.41 Unified Funding Agency costs. (a) In general. UFAs may use up to 3 percent of their FPRN, or...

  16. 50 CFR 80.94 - May an agency incur costs before the beginning of the grant period?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR (CONTINUED) FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE-WILDLIFE SPORT FISH RESTORATION PROGRAM ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS, PITTMAN-ROBERTSON WILDLIFE RESTORATION AND DINGELL-JOHNSON SPORT...

  17. 50 CFR 80.94 - May an agency incur costs before the beginning of the grant period?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR (CONTINUED) FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE-WILDLIFE SPORT FISH RESTORATION PROGRAM ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS, PITTMAN-ROBERTSON WILDLIFE RESTORATION AND DINGELL-JOHNSON SPORT...

  18. 25 CFR 215.12 - Advertising costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Advertising costs. 215.12 Section 215.12 Indians BUREAU... LEASES, QUAPAW AGENCY § 215.12 Advertising costs. All advertising costs, publication fees, expenses incurred for abstracts of lease title, and other expenses incurred in connection with the advertising...

  19. Muscular Dystrophy, incurability, eugenics

    PubMed Central

    Rideau, Y; Rideau, F

    2007-01-01

    Summary The medical entity “muscular dystrophy” has been the object of a recent opinion campaign aimed at promoting a law in favour of euthanasia. This disease has become, in the eyes of the public, a media model of a particularly severe and incurable disease. This very widespread statement does not correspond to reality as far as concerns the life of these patients, to the condition that they have benefited from a very useful and fully provided empirical treatment. As already seen, the hope for life has already doubled, without clear limits. The idea of inducing an interruption when at death’s door, as long as a systematic prevention prior to birth, does not conform with the motivated opinion of the majority of patients consulted. On the contrary, the dogma of incurability may lead to dramatic individual consequences which should be stressed, from a medical viewpoint, on account of the unacceptable risks of social injustice or eugenics that this would imply. PMID:17915566

  20. Cure of incurable lymphoma

    SciTech Connect

    De Nardo, Gerald L.

    2006-10-01

    The most potent method for augmenting the cytocidal power of monoclonal antibody (MAb) treatment is to conjugate radionuclides to the MAb to deliver systemic radiotherapy (radioimmunotherapy; RIT). The antigen, MAb, and its epitope can make a difference in the performance of the drug. Additionally, the radionuclide, radiochemistry, chelator for radiometals and the linker between the MAb and chelator can have a major influence on the performance of drugs (radiopharmaceuticals) for RIT. Smaller radionuclide carriers, such as antibody fragments and mimics, and those used for pretargeting strategies, have been described and evaluated. All of these changes in the drugs and strategies for RIT have documented potential for improved performance and patient outcomes. RIT is a promising new therapy that should be incorporated into the management of patients with B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) soon after these patients have proven incurable. Predictable improvements using better drugs, strategies, and combinations with other drugs seem certain to make RIT integral to the management of patients with NHL, and likely lead to cure of currently incurable NHL.

  1. NASA operations: An agency wide approach to reduce cost

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Squibb, Gael F.

    1996-01-01

    The NASA Space Operations Management Office (SOMO) is presented. The SOMO concept is based on continuing the distributed participation of the various NASA field centers and agencies, while employing consolidated management through a single lead center. The aim is to determine the duplicity and the overlap between the different agencies that independently developed their own operations management approaches in order to enable more cost effective mission operations by providing common services to the NASA programs. The space operations management will be performed in a distributed manner with a greater degree of contractor involvement than in the past. The changes, approaches and anticipated benefits of this approach to operations are discussed.

  2. Elderly Taiwanese who spend more on fruits and vegetables and less on animal-derived foods use less medical services and incur lower medical costs.

    PubMed

    Lo, Yuan-Ting C; Wahlqvist, Mark L; Huang, Yi-Chen; Lee, Meei-Shyuan

    2016-03-14

    A higher intake of fruits and vegetables (F&V) compared with animal-derived foods is associated with lower risks of all-cause-, cancer- and CVD-related mortalities. However, the association between consumption patterns and medical costs remains unclear. The effects of various food group costs on medical service utilisation and costs were investigated. The study cohort was recruited through the Elderly Nutrition and Health Survey in Taiwan between 1999 and 2000 and followed-up for 8 years until 2006. It comprised free-living elderly participants who provided a 24-h dietary recall. Daily energy-adjusted food group costs were estimated. Annual medical service utilisation and costs for 1445 participants aged 65-79 years were calculated from the National Health Insurance claim data. Generalised linear models were used to appraise the associations between the food group costs and medical service utilisation and costs. Older adults with the highest F&V cost tertile had significantly fewer hospital days (30%) and total medical costs (19%), whereas those in the highest animal-derived group had a higher number of hospital days (28%) and costs (83%) as well as total medical costs (38%). Participants in the high F&V and low animal-derived cost groups had the shortest annual hospitalisation stays (5·78 d) and lowest costs (NT$38,600) as well as the lowest total medical costs (NT$75,800), a mean annual saving of NT$45 200/person. Older adults who spend more on F&V and less on animal-derived foods have a reduced medical-care system burden. This provides opportunities for nutritionally related healthcare system investment strategies.

  3. Energy life cycle cost analysis: Guidelines for public agencies

    SciTech Connect

    1995-03-01

    The State of Washington encourages energy-efficient building designs for public agencies. The Washington State Energy Office (WSEO) supports this goal by identifying advances in building technology and sharing this information with the design community and public administrators responsible for major construction projects. Many proven technologies can reduce operating costs-and save energy-to an extent that justifies some increases in construction costs. WSEO prepared these Energy Life Cycle Cost Analysis (ELCCA) guidelines for the individuals who are responsible for preparing ELCCA submittals for public buildings. Key terms and abbreviations are provided in Appendix A. Chapters 1 and 2 serve as an overview-providing background, defining energy life cycle cost analysis, explaining which agencies and projects are affected by the ELCCA requirements, and identifying changes to the guidelines that have been made since 1990. They explain {open_quotes}what needs to happen{close_quotes} and {open_quotes}why it needs to happen.{close_quotes} Chapters 3 to 7 provide the {open_quotes}how to,{close_quotes} the instructions and forms needed to prepare ELCCA submittals.

  4. 75 FR 2543 - Proposed Settlement Agreement for Recovery of Past Response Costs and Certain Other Costs Under...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-15

    ... AGENCY Proposed Settlement Agreement for Recovery of Past Response Costs and Certain Other Costs Under..., et seq., notice is hereby given of a proposed administrative settlement for recovery of past response... Environmental Protection Agency (the ``Agency'') for past response costs and certain other costs incurred...

  5. 50 CFR 80.64 - How does an agency allocate costs in multipurpose projects and facilities?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... RESTORATION PROGRAM ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS, PITTMAN-ROBERTSON WILDLIFE RESTORATION AND DINGELL-JOHNSON SPORT FISH RESTORATION ACTS Allocation of Funds by an Agency § 80.64 How does an agency allocate costs... project or facility. The agency must describe the method used to allocate costs in multipurpose...

  6. 50 CFR 80.64 - How does an agency allocate costs in multipurpose projects and facilities?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... RESTORATION PROGRAM ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS, PITTMAN-ROBERTSON WILDLIFE RESTORATION AND DINGELL-JOHNSON SPORT FISH RESTORATION ACTS Allocation of Funds by an Agency § 80.64 How does an agency allocate costs... project or facility. The agency must describe the method used to allocate costs in multipurpose...

  7. 50 CFR 80.64 - How does an agency allocate costs in multipurpose projects and facilities?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... RESTORATION PROGRAM ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS, PITTMAN-ROBERTSON WILDLIFE RESTORATION AND DINGELL-JOHNSON SPORT FISH RESTORATION ACTS Allocation of Funds by an Agency § 80.64 How does an agency allocate costs... project or facility. The agency must describe the method used to allocate costs in multipurpose...

  8. 50 CFR 80.64 - How does an agency allocate costs in multipurpose projects and facilities?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... RESTORATION PROGRAM ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS, PITTMAN-ROBERTSON WILDLIFE RESTORATION AND DINGELL-JOHNSON SPORT FISH RESTORATION ACTS Allocation of Funds by an Agency § 80.64 How does an agency allocate costs... project or facility. The agency must describe the method used to allocate costs in multipurpose...

  9. 29 CFR 102.165 - Cost shifting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Cost shifting. 102.165 Section 102.165 Labor Regulations... by Administrative Offset § 102.165 Cost shifting. Costs incurred by the Agency in connection with... offset. Such costs may include administrative costs and attorneys fees....

  10. 29 CFR 102.171 - Cost shifting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Cost shifting. 102.171 Section 102.171 Labor Regulations... By Federal Income Tax Refund Offset § 102.171 Cost shifting. Costs incurred by the Agency in... amount of the offset. Such costs may include administrative costs and attorneys fees....

  11. Sensory Load Incurs Conceptual Processing Costs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vermeulen, Nicolas; Corneille, Olivier; Niedenthal, Paula M.

    2008-01-01

    Theories of grounded cognition propose that modal simulations underlie cognitive representation of concepts [Barsalou, L. W. (1999). "Perceptual symbol systems." "Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 22"(4), 577-660; Barsalou, L. W. (2008). "Grounded cognition." "Annual Review of Psychology, 59", 617-645]. Based on recent evidence of modality-specific…

  12. For-profit medicare home health agencies' costs appear higher and quality appears lower compared to nonprofit agencies.

    PubMed

    Cabin, William; Himmelstein, David U; Siman, Michael L; Woolhandler, Steffie

    2014-08-01

    For-profit, or proprietary, home health agencies were banned from Medicare until 1980 but now account for a majority of the agencies that provide such services. Medicare home health costs have grown rapidly since the implementation of a risk-based prospective payment system in 2000. We analyzed recent national cost and case-mix-adjusted quality outcomes to assess the performance of for-profit and nonprofit home health agencies. For-profit agencies scored slightly but significantly worse on overall quality indicators compared to nonprofits (77.18 percent and 78.71 percent, respectively). Notably, for-profit agencies scored lower than nonprofits on the clinically important outcome "avoidance of hospitalization" (71.64 percent versus 73.53 percent). Scores on quality measures were lowest in the South, where for-profits predominate. Compared to nonprofits, proprietary agencies also had higher costs per patient ($4,827 versus $4,075), were more profitable, and had higher administrative costs. Our findings raise concerns about whether for-profit agencies should continue to be eligible for Medicare payments and about the efficiency of Medicare's market-oriented, risk-based home care payment system.

  13. For-profit medicare home health agencies' costs appear higher and quality appears lower compared to nonprofit agencies.

    PubMed

    Cabin, William; Himmelstein, David U; Siman, Michael L; Woolhandler, Steffie

    2014-08-01

    For-profit, or proprietary, home health agencies were banned from Medicare until 1980 but now account for a majority of the agencies that provide such services. Medicare home health costs have grown rapidly since the implementation of a risk-based prospective payment system in 2000. We analyzed recent national cost and case-mix-adjusted quality outcomes to assess the performance of for-profit and nonprofit home health agencies. For-profit agencies scored slightly but significantly worse on overall quality indicators compared to nonprofits (77.18 percent and 78.71 percent, respectively). Notably, for-profit agencies scored lower than nonprofits on the clinically important outcome "avoidance of hospitalization" (71.64 percent versus 73.53 percent). Scores on quality measures were lowest in the South, where for-profits predominate. Compared to nonprofits, proprietary agencies also had higher costs per patient ($4,827 versus $4,075), were more profitable, and had higher administrative costs. Our findings raise concerns about whether for-profit agencies should continue to be eligible for Medicare payments and about the efficiency of Medicare's market-oriented, risk-based home care payment system. PMID:25092849

  14. 76 FR 32202 - Proposed Settlement Agreement for Recovery of Past Response Costs Under the Comprehensive...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-03

    ... AGENCY Proposed Settlement Agreement for Recovery of Past Response Costs Under the Comprehensive... settlement for recovery of past response costs at the Agawam Sportsman's Club Superfund Site, in Agawam... Protection Agency (the ``Agency'') for past response costs incurred at the Site. ASC would be required...

  15. A Cost and Performance System (CAPS) in a Federal agency

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Huseonia, W. F.; Penton, P. G.

    1994-01-01

    Cost and Performance System (CAPS) is an automated system used from the planning phase through implementation to analysis and documentation. Data is retrievable or available for analysis of cost versus performance anomalies. CAPS provides a uniform system across intra- and international elements. A common system is recommended throughout an entire cost or profit center. Data can be easily accumulated and aggregated into higher levels of tracking and reporting of cost and performance.The level and quality of performance or productivity is indicated in the CAPS model and its process. The CAPS model provides the necessary decision information and insight to the principal investigator/project engineer for a successful project management experience. CAPS provides all levels of management with the appropriate detailed level of data.

  16. 40 CFR 310.16 - What kind of cost documentation is necessary?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...) SUPERFUND, EMERGENCY PLANNING, AND COMMUNITY RIGHT-TO-KNOW PROGRAMS REIMBURSEMENT TO LOCAL GOVERNMENTS FOR...; (b) Specify the local agency that incurred the cost, (such as, the Town Fire Department, the...

  17. 40 CFR 310.16 - What kind of cost documentation is necessary?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...) SUPERFUND, EMERGENCY PLANNING, AND COMMUNITY RIGHT-TO-KNOW PROGRAMS REIMBURSEMENT TO LOCAL GOVERNMENTS FOR...; (b) Specify the local agency that incurred the cost, (such as, the Town Fire Department, the...

  18. 40 CFR 310.16 - What kind of cost documentation is necessary?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...) SUPERFUND, EMERGENCY PLANNING, AND COMMUNITY RIGHT-TO-KNOW PROGRAMS REIMBURSEMENT TO LOCAL GOVERNMENTS FOR...; (b) Specify the local agency that incurred the cost, (such as, the Town Fire Department, the...

  19. 40 CFR 310.16 - What kind of cost documentation is necessary?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...) SUPERFUND, EMERGENCY PLANNING, AND COMMUNITY RIGHT-TO-KNOW PROGRAMS REIMBURSEMENT TO LOCAL GOVERNMENTS FOR...; (b) Specify the local agency that incurred the cost, (such as, the Town Fire Department, the...

  20. 40 CFR 310.16 - What kind of cost documentation is necessary?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...) SUPERFUND, EMERGENCY PLANNING, AND COMMUNITY RIGHT-TO-KNOW PROGRAMS REIMBURSEMENT TO LOCAL GOVERNMENTS FOR...; (b) Specify the local agency that incurred the cost, (such as, the Town Fire Department, the...

  1. 41 CFR 102-75.940 - Can agencies grant easements at no cost?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... easements at no cost? Yes. Easements may be granted with or without monetary or other consideration... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Can agencies grant easements at no cost? 102-75.940 Section 102-75.940 Public Contracts and Property Management...

  2. 41 CFR 102-75.940 - Can agencies grant easements at no cost?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... easements at no cost? Yes. Easements may be granted with or without monetary or other consideration... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Can agencies grant easements at no cost? 102-75.940 Section 102-75.940 Public Contracts and Property Management...

  3. 41 CFR 102-75.940 - Can agencies grant easements at no cost?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... easements at no cost? Yes. Easements may be granted with or without monetary or other consideration... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Can agencies grant easements at no cost? 102-75.940 Section 102-75.940 Public Contracts and Property Management...

  4. ERISA, agency costs, and the future of health care in the United States.

    PubMed

    Bronsteen, John; Maher, Brendan S; Stris, Peter K

    2008-04-01

    Because so many Americans receive health insurance through their employers, the Employee Retirement Income Security Act (ERISA) of 1974 plays a dominant role in the delivery of health care in the United States. The ERISA system enables employers and insurers to save money by providing inadequate health care to employees, thereby creating incentives for these agents to act contrary to the interests of their principals. Such agency costs play a significant role in the current health care crisis and require attention when considering reform. We evaluate the two major health care reform movements by exploring the extent to which each reduces agency costs. We find that agency cost analysis clarifies the benefits, limits, and uncertainties of each approach.

  5. 40 CFR 45.145 - Allocability and allowability of costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Allocability and allowability of costs. 45.145 Section 45.145 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GRANTS AND OTHER... and allowability of costs will be determined in accordance with 40 CFR 30.410. (b) Costs incurred...

  6. 40 CFR 45.145 - Allocability and allowability of costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Allocability and allowability of costs. 45.145 Section 45.145 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GRANTS AND OTHER... and allowability of costs will be determined in accordance with 40 CFR 30.410. (b) Costs incurred...

  7. 40 CFR 45.145 - Allocability and allowability of costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Allocability and allowability of costs. 45.145 Section 45.145 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GRANTS AND OTHER... and allowability of costs will be determined in accordance with 40 CFR 30.410. (b) Costs incurred...

  8. Hospital cost-containment strategies that earn the respect of rating agencies.

    PubMed

    Dopoulos, Jason

    2016-01-01

    To confirm that hospitals have the necessary structures and strategies in place to reduce costs and secure future market share, credit rating agencies analyze a variety of quantitative and qualitative criteria, including: Salaries and benefits, bad debt, age of plant and depreciation, and other line items that may point to inefficiencies in a hospital's expense structure. Cost-benefit analyses, strategic plans, and leadership qualities that show the long-term value of expense cuts, capital investments, and mergers and acquisitions. Cost-effective and clinically appropriate shifts in a hospital's outpatient-to-inpatient ratio. Liquidity and market share. PMID:26863833

  9. Hospital cost-containment strategies that earn the respect of rating agencies.

    PubMed

    Dopoulos, Jason

    2016-01-01

    To confirm that hospitals have the necessary structures and strategies in place to reduce costs and secure future market share, credit rating agencies analyze a variety of quantitative and qualitative criteria, including: Salaries and benefits, bad debt, age of plant and depreciation, and other line items that may point to inefficiencies in a hospital's expense structure. Cost-benefit analyses, strategic plans, and leadership qualities that show the long-term value of expense cuts, capital investments, and mergers and acquisitions. Cost-effective and clinically appropriate shifts in a hospital's outpatient-to-inpatient ratio. Liquidity and market share.

  10. 77 FR 50204 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Request and Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-20

    ..., entities, and government agencies who use SSA's eService Internet and telephone applications. Individuals... costs incurred for providing VR services. SSA requires state VR agencies to submit reimbursement claims for the following categories: (1) Claiming reimbursement for VR services provided; (2)...

  11. 42 CFR 413.125 - Payment for home health agency services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Payment for home health agency services. 413.125... Categories of Costs § 413.125 Payment for home health agency services. (a) For additional rules on the allowability of certain costs incurred by home health agencies, see §§ 409.46 and 409.49(b) of this chapter....

  12. 41 CFR 301-11.521 - Must I file a claim to be reimbursed for the additional income taxes incurred?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... be reimbursed for the additional income taxes incurred? 301-11.521 Section 301-11.521 Public... ALLOWABLE TRAVEL EXPENSES 11-PER DIEM EXPENSES Income Tax Reimbursement Allowance (ITRA), Tax Years 1993 and... income taxes incurred? Yes. A claim must be submitted in accordance with your agency's policy....

  13. 41 CFR 301-11.621 - Must I file a claim to be reimbursed for the additional income taxes incurred?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... be reimbursed for the additional income taxes incurred? 301-11.621 Section 301-11.621 Public... ALLOWABLE TRAVEL EXPENSES 11-PER DIEM EXPENSES Income Tax Reimbursement Allowance (ITRA), Tax Years 1995 and... income taxes incurred? Yes, a claim must be submitted in accordance with your agency's policy....

  14. 41 CFR 301-11.521 - Must I file a claim to be reimbursed for the additional income taxes incurred?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... be reimbursed for the additional income taxes incurred? 301-11.521 Section 301-11.521 Public... ALLOWABLE TRAVEL EXPENSES 11-PER DIEM EXPENSES Income Tax Reimbursement Allowance (ITRA), Tax Years 1993 and... income taxes incurred? Yes. A claim must be submitted in accordance with your agency's policy....

  15. 41 CFR 301-11.521 - Must I file a claim to be reimbursed for the additional income taxes incurred?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... be reimbursed for the additional income taxes incurred? 301-11.521 Section 301-11.521 Public... ALLOWABLE TRAVEL EXPENSES 11-PER DIEM EXPENSES Income Tax Reimbursement Allowance (ITRA), Tax Years 1993 and... income taxes incurred? Yes. A claim must be submitted in accordance with your agency's policy....

  16. 41 CFR 301-11.621 - Must I file a claim to be reimbursed for the additional income taxes incurred?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... reimbursed for the additional income taxes incurred? 301-11.621 Section 301-11.621 Public Contracts and... TRAVEL EXPENSES 11-PER DIEM EXPENSES Income Tax Reimbursement Allowance (ITRA), Tax Years 1995 and... income taxes incurred? Yes, a claim must be submitted in accordance with your agency's policy....

  17. 41 CFR 301-11.621 - Must I file a claim to be reimbursed for the additional income taxes incurred?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... be reimbursed for the additional income taxes incurred? 301-11.621 Section 301-11.621 Public... ALLOWABLE TRAVEL EXPENSES 11-PER DIEM EXPENSES Income Tax Reimbursement Allowance (ITRA), Tax Years 1995 and... income taxes incurred? Yes, a claim must be submitted in accordance with your agency's policy....

  18. 41 CFR 301-11.521 - Must I file a claim to be reimbursed for the additional income taxes incurred?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... be reimbursed for the additional income taxes incurred? 301-11.521 Section 301-11.521 Public... ALLOWABLE TRAVEL EXPENSES 11-PER DIEM EXPENSES Income Tax Reimbursement Allowance (ITRA), Tax Years 1993 and... income taxes incurred? Yes. A claim must be submitted in accordance with your agency's policy....

  19. 41 CFR 301-11.621 - Must I file a claim to be reimbursed for the additional income taxes incurred?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... be reimbursed for the additional income taxes incurred? 301-11.621 Section 301-11.621 Public... ALLOWABLE TRAVEL EXPENSES 11-PER DIEM EXPENSES Income Tax Reimbursement Allowance (ITRA), Tax Years 1995 and... income taxes incurred? Yes, a claim must be submitted in accordance with your agency's policy....

  20. 40 CFR 300.160 - Documentation and cost recovery.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 28 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Documentation and cost recovery. 300.160 Section 300.160 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SUPERFUND... response action taken, accurate accounting of federal, state, or private party costs incurred for...

  1. Fisheries out of balance. [Fish mitigation costs for hydropower projects

    SciTech Connect

    Hunt, R.; Mohsberg, J. )

    1992-03-01

    This article examines the costs being incurred by hydroelectric power projects for the protection of affected fisheries. The author feels these costs are far out of proportion with the revenues from power sales. The topics discussed in the article include salmon recovery, a growing burden, instream flow, fish passage and screening, the need for power, and fisheries agencies' control.

  2. 75 FR 8701 - Settlement Agreement for Recovery of Past Response Costs Colorado Bumper Exchange Site, Pueblo...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-25

    ... AGENCY Settlement Agreement for Recovery of Past Response Costs Colorado Bumper Exchange Site, Pueblo... United States has at this Site for Past Response Costs, as those terms are defined in the Settlement...,000.00 to EPA in settlement of its liability for Past Response Costs incurred at the Site. In...

  3. The effect of health payment reforms on cost containment in Taiwan hospitals: the agency theory perspective.

    PubMed

    Chang, Li

    2011-01-01

    This study aims to determine whether the Taiwanese government's implementation of new health care payment reforms (the National Health Insurance with fee-for-service (NHI-FFS) and global budget (NHI-GB)) has resulted in better cost containment. Also, the question arises under the agency theory whether the monitoring system is effective in reducing the risk of information asymmetry. This study uses panel data analysis with fixed effects model to investigate changes in cost containment at Taipei municipal hospitals before and after adopting reforms from 1989 to 2004. The results show that the monitoring system does not reduce information asymmetry to improve cost containment under the NHI-FFS. In addition, after adopting the NHI-GB system, health care costs are controlled based on an improved monitoring system in the policymaker's point of view. This may suggest that the NHI's fee-for-services system actually causes health care resource waste. The GB may solve the problems of controlling health care costs only on the macro side. PMID:22043644

  4. The effect of health payment reforms on cost containment in Taiwan hospitals: the agency theory perspective.

    PubMed

    Chang, Li

    2011-01-01

    This study aims to determine whether the Taiwanese government's implementation of new health care payment reforms (the National Health Insurance with fee-for-service (NHI-FFS) and global budget (NHI-GB)) has resulted in better cost containment. Also, the question arises under the agency theory whether the monitoring system is effective in reducing the risk of information asymmetry. This study uses panel data analysis with fixed effects model to investigate changes in cost containment at Taipei municipal hospitals before and after adopting reforms from 1989 to 2004. The results show that the monitoring system does not reduce information asymmetry to improve cost containment under the NHI-FFS. In addition, after adopting the NHI-GB system, health care costs are controlled based on an improved monitoring system in the policymaker's point of view. This may suggest that the NHI's fee-for-services system actually causes health care resource waste. The GB may solve the problems of controlling health care costs only on the macro side.

  5. 50 CFR 80.122 - May an agency deduct the costs of generating program income from gross income?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... AND WILDLIFE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR (CONTINUED) FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE-WILDLIFE AND SPORT... DINGELL-JOHNSON SPORT FISH RESTORATION ACTS Program Income § 80.122 May an agency deduct the costs...

  6. 50 CFR 80.122 - May an agency deduct the costs of generating program income from gross income?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... AND WILDLIFE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR (CONTINUED) FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE-WILDLIFE SPORT FISH... SPORT FISH RESTORATION ACTS Program Income § 80.122 May an agency deduct the costs of generating...

  7. 50 CFR 80.122 - May an agency deduct the costs of generating program income from gross income?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... AND WILDLIFE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR (CONTINUED) FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE-WILDLIFE AND SPORT... DINGELL-JOHNSON SPORT FISH RESTORATION ACTS Program Income § 80.122 May an agency deduct the costs...

  8. 50 CFR 80.122 - May an agency deduct the costs of generating program income from gross income?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... AND WILDLIFE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR (CONTINUED) FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE-WILDLIFE SPORT FISH... SPORT FISH RESTORATION ACTS Program Income § 80.122 May an agency deduct the costs of generating...

  9. Credit Reform. Key Credit Agencies Had Difficulty Making Reasonable Loan Program Cost Estimates. Report to Congressional Requesters.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Accounting and Information Management Div.

    This report finds problems in the ability of the five major federal credit agencies to reasonably estimate subsidy costs related to the $216.6 billion in direct loans and $712.4 billion in loan guarantees issued by the federal government. The five agencies are the Small Business Administration (SBA) and the departments of Education, Housing and…

  10. 78 FR 40738 - Proposed CERCLA Administrative Cost Recovery Settlement; Double H Pesticide Burial Site

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-08

    ... AGENCY Proposed CERCLA Administrative Cost Recovery Settlement; Double H Pesticide Burial Site AGENCY... incurred for the Double H Pesticide Burial Site in Grandview, Yakima County, Washington. Under this proposed settlement, the settling parties are Double H, L.P.; James T. Hansen; Linda L. Hansen; George...

  11. Incurred sample reanalysis: a global transformation.

    PubMed

    Viswanathan, Chidambaram T

    2011-12-01

    Incurred sample reanalysis (ISR) is accepted as both a fundamental concept and an integral part in the conduct of pharmacokinetic, bioequivalence and preclinical safety studies. Reproducibility demonstrated by ISR reinforces confidence that the method is valid and the results dependable. In this article, the history of the uptake of ISR is discussed and the current practices described. The industry is given credit for its awareness of the importance of, and implementation of, ISR practices in bioanalytical laboratories. Finally, in the context of the recent publication of guidelines for ISR by the EMA, implications for globalization and harmonization of regulations pertaining to ISR are described.

  12. 40 CFR 310.9 - If more than one local agency or government is involved, can each receive up to $25,000?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... REIMBURSEMENT TO LOCAL GOVERNMENTS FOR EMERGENCY RESPONSE TO HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCE RELEASES Provisions What Can Be Reimbursed? § 310.9 If more than one local agency or government is involved, can each receive up to $25,000... activities by ALL local responders. If the costs incurred by multiple local governments or agencies...

  13. Survey on the Assessment of the Current Actual Expenses Incurred by Students on the Meals and Accommodation within and around the Campuses: The Case of Tanzania Higher Education Students' Loans Beneficiaries

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nyahende, Veronica R.; Bangu, Asangye N.; Chakaza, Benedicto C.

    2015-01-01

    This Survey analyses the current actual expenses incurred by students on the meals and accommodation within and around the campuses. The study was geared towards achieving the following objectives: (i) to examine the current cost incurred by a students for meals In Campus, (ii) to examine the current cost incurred by a students for accommodation…

  14. 40 CFR 35.928-4 - Moratorium on industrial cost recovery payments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Moratorium on industrial cost recovery payments. 35.928-4 Section 35.928-4 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GRANTS AND... industrial cost recovery charges incurred for accounting periods or portions of periods ending before...

  15. 40 CFR 35.928-4 - Moratorium on industrial cost recovery payments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Moratorium on industrial cost recovery payments. 35.928-4 Section 35.928-4 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GRANTS AND... industrial cost recovery charges incurred for accounting periods or portions of periods ending before...

  16. 40 CFR 35.928-4 - Moratorium on industrial cost recovery payments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Moratorium on industrial cost recovery payments. 35.928-4 Section 35.928-4 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GRANTS AND... industrial cost recovery charges incurred for accounting periods or portions of periods ending before...

  17. Economic Consequences Incurred by Living Kidney Donors: A Canadian Multi-Center Prospective Study

    PubMed Central

    Klarenbach, S; Gill, J S; Knoll, G; Caulfield, T; Boudville, N; Prasad, G V R; Karpinski, M; Storsley, L; Treleaven, D; Arnold, J; Cuerden, M; Jacobs, P; Garg, A X

    2014-01-01

    Some living kidney donors incur economic consequences as a result of donation; however, these costs are poorly quantified. We developed a framework to comprehensively assess economic consequences from the donor perspective including out-of-pocket cost, lost wages and home productivity loss. We prospectively enrolled 100 living kidney donors from seven Canadian centers between 2004 and 2008 and collected and valued economic consequences ($CAD 2008) at 3 months and 1 year after donation. Almost all (96%) donors experienced economic consequences, with 94% reporting travel costs and 47% reporting lost pay. The average and median costs of lost pay were $2144 (SD 4167) and $0 (25th–75th percentile 0, 2794), respectively. For other expenses (travel, accommodation, medication and medical), mean and median costs were $1780 (SD 2504) and $821 (25th–75th percentile 242, 2271), respectively. From the donor perspective, mean cost was $3268 (SD 4704); one-third of donors incurred cost >$3000, and 15% >$8000. The majority of donors (83%) reported inability to perform usual household activities for an average duration of 33 days; 8% reported out-of-pocket costs for assistance with these activities. The economic impact of living kidney donation for some individuals is large. We advocate for programs to reimburse living donors for their legitimate costs. In a prospective costing study, the authors find that economic consequences incurred by living kidney donors are frequent and nontrivial, and a notable proportion of donors experience significant costs. PMID:24597854

  18. Switching between Sensory and Affective Systems Incurs Processing Costs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vermeulen, Nicolas; Niedenthal, Paula M.; Luminet, Olivier

    2007-01-01

    Recent models of the conceptual system hold that concepts are grounded in simulations of actual experiences with instances of those concepts in sensory-motor systems (e.g., Barsalou, 1999, 2003; Solomon & Barsalou, 2001). Studies supportive of such a view have shown that verifying a property of a concept in one modality, and then switching to…

  19. 78 FR 46948 - Proposed Agreement Regarding Site Costs and Covenants Not To Sue for American Lead and Zinc Mill...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-02

    ... AGENCY Proposed Agreement Regarding Site Costs and Covenants Not To Sue for American Lead and Zinc Mill... response costs incurred at the American Lead and Zinc Mill Superfund Site near Ouray, Colorado. The... via electric mail at rudy.mike@epa.gov and should reference the American Lead and Zinc Mill Site,...

  20. The indirect costs of agency nurses in South Africa: a case study in two public sector hospitals

    PubMed Central

    Rispel, Laetitia C.; Moorman, Julia

    2015-01-01

    Background Globally, flexible work arrangements – through the use of temporary nursing staff – are an important strategy for dealing with nursing shortages in hospitals. Objective The objective of the study was to determine the direct and indirect costs of agency nurses, as well as the advantages and the problems associated with agency nurse utilisation in two public sector hospitals in South Africa. Methods Following ethical approval, two South African public sector hospitals were selected purposively. Direct costs were determined through an analysis of hospital expenditure information for a 5-year period from 2005 until 2010, obtained from the national transversal Basic Accounting System database. At each hospital, semi-structured interviews were conducted with the chief executive officer, executive nursing services manager, the maternity or critical care unit nursing manager, the human resource manager, and the finance manager. Indirect costs measured were the time spent on pre-employment checks, and nurse recruitment, orientation, and supervision. All expenditure is expressed in South African Rands (R: 1 USD=R7, 2010 prices). Results In the 2009/10 financial year, Hospital 1 spent R38.86 million (US$5.55 million) on nursing agencies, whereas Hospital 2 spent R10.40 million (US$1.49 million). The total estimated time spent per week on indirect cost activities at Hospital 1 was 51.5 hours, and 60 hours at Hospital 2. The estimated monetary value of this time at Hospital 1 was R962,267 (US$137,467) and at Hospital 2 the value was R300,121 (US$42,874), thus exceeding the weekly direct costs of nursing agencies. Agency nurses assisted the selected hospitals in dealing with problems of nurse recruitment, absenteeism, shortages, and skills gaps in specialised clinical areas. The problems experienced with agency nurses included their perceived lack of commitment, unreliability, and providing sub-optimal quality of patient care. Conclusion Hospital managers and

  1. 34 CFR 694.9 - What is the maximum indirect cost rate for an agency of a State or local government?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... the negotiated indirect cost agreement; or (b) Eight percent of a modified total direct cost base... 34 Education 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What is the maximum indirect cost rate for an agency of... AWARENESS AND READINESS FOR UNDERGRADUATE PROGRAMS (GEAR UP) § 694.9 What is the maximum indirect cost...

  2. Applying activity-based costing in long-term care.

    PubMed

    Wodchis, W P

    1998-01-01

    As greater numbers of the elderly use health services, and as health care costs climb, effective financial tracking is essential. Cost management in health care can benefit if costs are linked to the care activities where they are incurred. Activity-based costing (ABC) provides a useful approach. The framework aligns costs (inputs), through activities (process), to outputs and outcomes. It allocates costs based on client care needs rather than management structure. The ABC framework was tested in a residential care facility and in supportive housing apartments. The results demonstrate the feasibility and advantages of ABC for long term care agencies, including community-based care. PMID:10339203

  3. Applying activity-based costing in long-term care.

    PubMed

    Wodchis, W P

    1998-01-01

    As greater numbers of the elderly use health services, and as health care costs climb, effective financial tracking is essential. Cost management in health care can benefit if costs are linked to the care activities where they are incurred. Activity-based costing (ABC) provides a useful approach. The framework aligns costs (inputs), through activities (process), to outputs and outcomes. It allocates costs based on client care needs rather than management structure. The ABC framework was tested in a residential care facility and in supportive housing apartments. The results demonstrate the feasibility and advantages of ABC for long term care agencies, including community-based care.

  4. 7 CFR 550.25 - Allowable costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... at 2 CFR part 230. The allowability of costs incurred by institutions of higher education is... at 2 CFR part 225. The allowability of costs incurred by non-profit organizations is determined in... Institutions” codified at 2 CFR 220. The allowability of costs incurred by hospitals is determined...

  5. 25 CFR 1000.316 - May the Tribe/Consortium be reimbursed for actual and reasonable “wind up costs” incurred after...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... reasonable âwind up costsâ incurred after the effective date of retrocession? 1000.316 Section 1000.316... Reassumption § 1000.316 May the Tribe/Consortium be reimbursed for actual and reasonable “wind up costs” incurred after the effective date of retrocession? Yes, the Tribe/Consortium may be reimbursed for...

  6. 25 CFR 900.254 - May the contractor be reimbursed for actual and reasonable “wind up costs” incurred after the...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false May the contractor be reimbursed for actual and reasonable âwind up costsâ incurred after the effective date of rescission? 900.254 Section 900.254 Indians... up costs” incurred after the effective date of rescission? Yes....

  7. 48 CFR 1845.7101-3 - Unit acquisition cost.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... acquisition cost is under $100,000, it shall be reported as under $100,000. (g) Software acquisition costs include software costs incurred up through acceptance testing and material internal costs incurred to implement the software and otherwise make the software ready for use. Costs incurred after...

  8. 48 CFR 1845.7101-3 - Unit acquisition cost.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... acquisition cost is under $100,000, it shall be reported as under $100,000. (g) Software acquisition costs include software costs incurred up through acceptance testing and material internal costs incurred to implement the software and otherwise make the software ready for use. Costs incurred after...

  9. Economic consequences incurred by living kidney donors: a Canadian multi-center prospective study.

    PubMed

    Klarenbach, S; Gill, J S; Knoll, G; Caulfield, T; Boudville, N; Prasad, G V R; Karpinski, M; Storsley, L; Treleaven, D; Arnold, J; Cuerden, M; Jacobs, P; Garg, A X

    2014-04-01

    Some living kidney donors incur economic consequences as a result of donation; however, these costs are poorly quantified. We developed a framework to comprehensively assess economic consequences from the donor perspective including out-of-pocket cost, lost wages and home productivity loss. We prospectively enrolled 100 living kidney donors from seven Canadian centers between 2004 and 2008 and collected and valued economic consequences ($CAD 2008) at 3 months and 1 year after donation. Almost all (96%) donors experienced economic consequences, with 94% reporting travel costs and 47% reporting lost pay. The average and median costs of lost pay were $2144 (SD 4167) and $0 (25th-75th percentile 0, 2794), respectively. For other expenses (travel, accommodation, medication and medical), mean and median costs were $1780 (SD 2504) and $821 (25th-75th percentile 242, 2271), respectively. From the donor perspective, mean cost was $3268 (SD 4704); one-third of donors incurred cost >$3000, and 15% >$8000. The majority of donors (83%) reported inability to perform usual household activities for an average duration of 33 days; 8% reported out-of-pocket costs for assistance with these activities. The economic impact of living kidney donation for some individuals is large. We advocate for programs to reimburse living donors for their legitimate costs.

  10. U.S. Department of Education Indirect Cost Determination Guidance for State and Local Government Agencies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Department of Education, Washington, DC. Office of the Chief Financial and Chief Information Officer.

    This guide provides new direction in financial management and oversight practices for accounting and charging administrative costs as they relate to programs administered by the U.S. Department of Education. The document is divided into six sections. Section 1, which presents general information, offers details on definitions; indirect-cost rates;…

  11. Stand-alone flat-plate photovoltaic power systems: System sizing and life-cycle costing methodology for Federal agencies

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Borden, C. S.; Volkmer, K.; Cochrane, E. H.; Lawson, A. C.

    1984-01-01

    A simple methodology to estimate photovoltaic system size and life-cycle costs in stand-alone applications is presented. It is designed to assist engineers at Government agencies in determining the feasibility of using small stand-alone photovoltaic systems to supply ac or dc power to the load. Photovoltaic system design considerations are presented as well as the equations for sizing the flat-plate array and the battery storage to meet the required load. Cost effectiveness of a candidate photovoltaic system is based on comparison with the life-cycle cost of alternative systems. Examples of alternative systems addressed are batteries, diesel generators, the utility grid, and other renewable energy systems.

  12. 76 FR 45208 - Agency Use of Appropriated Funds for Child Care Costs for Lower Income Employees

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-28

    ... possible, to same-sex domestic partners. The changes to subpart A also would remove obsolete references to... benefits that those agencies believed could be extended to qualified same-sex domestic partners of Federal... the same-sex domestic partners of Federal employees. The Memorandum ] further requested that OPM,...

  13. 77 FR 42905 - Agency Use of Appropriated Funds for Child Care Costs for Lower Income Employees

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-20

    ... regulations (76 FR 45208) revising part 792 of title 5, Code of Federal Regulations. This final rule makes... children of same-sex domestic partners of Federal employees; make certain technical corrections; and make... agencies consider extending benefits, where possible, to same-sex domestic partners, and...

  14. Let's Cooperate II: The Costs and Benefits of Cooperation Between Recreation/Park and Education Agencies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Committee for Recreation/Education Cooperation, CA.

    The ideas and the information in this handbook illustrate the experiences of local recreation and education agencies that started cooperative programs in the face of declining resources and increasing demand for improved services. Funding distribution in California usually gives schools financial latitude in facilities and transporation, while…

  15. Alzheimer's disease is incurable but preventable.

    PubMed

    de la Torre, Jack C

    2010-01-01

    The dramatic rising incidence and costs of Alzheimer's disease (AD) require that research efforts and funding be primarily directed on either finding a cure or applying preventive measures to curb this disorder. A cure for AD appears unlikely when significant cognitive loss has occurred because the neuronal networks that controlled the perturbed cognitive abilities are either dead or irreversibly damaged and replacing them, even if it were technically possible, would not reconstruct the intellectual identity of the host. Prevention of risk factors to sporadic AD is a more realistic stratagem and treatment, when indicated, ideally should begin in cognitively intact individuals as part of a mass screening effort. Prevention of modifiable risk factors to AD is cost-effective because it reduces hospice or hospital stay, repeated doctor visits, and long-term care. Presently, neurocognitive and neuroimaging tests are used with partial success in identifying persons at higher risk of AD but these tests can not pinpoint either a cause or a specific intervention that could attenuate disease progress. We previously proposed that carotid artery ultrasound +echocardiography together with ankle-brachail index (CAUSE+ABI) as mass screening tests in asymptomatic persons could detect not only cardio-cerebrovascular risk factors to AD, but also identify an indicated intervention. CAUSE+ABI are simple to perform, cost-effective, non-invasive, and reasonably accurate for the intended purpose. Additionally, detection of cardio-cerebrovasacular abnormalities long before expression of cognitive deterioration allows higher success rate with earlier treatment. Evidence-based medicine is recommended for optimizing clinical decision-making in evaluating AD risk factors and their treatment. PMID:20182017

  16. 7 CFR 786.106 - Determination of losses incurred.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ..., dairy production losses incurred by producers under this part are determined on the established history... § 786.106(d) will be adjusted to account for pounds of production losses determined by the FSA...

  17. [Optimization of pharmacological therapy for weakness syndrome in incurable patients].

    PubMed

    Ryazankina, A A; Rozengard, S A; Glushchenko, V A; Karitsky, A P; Kvashnin, A V

    2015-01-01

    In this work there is considered the possibility of correction of therapy for weakness syndrome in incurable patients with the use of drugs affecting dopamine and serotonin exchanges. It is showed that the use of 100 mg of ladasten, 16 mg of ondansetron orally per day and 50 mg of agomelatine per night is more effective in therapy for fatigue/weakness syndrome in incurable cancer patients compared to standard therapy. PMID:26087610

  18. The Use and Reporting of Benefit-Cost Analyses by State Vocational Rehabilitation Agencies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lewis, Darrell R.; And Others

    1992-01-01

    Current practices of most state vocational rehabilitation programs concerning the use and reporting of benefit-cost results are reviewed, and problematic issues are identified. Empirical data from Minnesota illustrate alternative ways of reporting evaluation results relating to efficiency. The recommended accounting framework provides relevant and…

  19. 41 CFR 102-192.160 - What less costly alternatives to expedited mail and couriers should your agency-wide mail...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What less costly alternatives to expedited mail and couriers should your agency-wide mail management policy address? 102-192.160... Responsibilities § 102-192.160 What less costly alternatives to expedited mail and couriers should your...

  20. Public agency cost savings from standardizing energy management temperature control systems

    SciTech Connect

    Mayo, R.E.; Badger, W.W.; Bashford, H.H.

    1995-04-01

    In 1992, the city of Phoenix, AZ, standardized its energy management temperature control systems (EMTCS) in the construction of a 5-year series of projects that included a new library, city hall, renovated art museum, a museum of science and technology, a parking garage, and a rebuilt municipal building. This article presents an evaluation of the city`s philosophy for the standardization of EMTCS equipment, the issue of interconnectibility, and development and procurement guidance. Our research indicates that the perception that front-end costs increase when EMTCS work is not bid competitively is exaggerated. We also found that it is easier for private businesses to make sole source procurement decisions than it is for governments, because businesses are not constrained by laws that require awarding contracts to the lowest bidder. 1 tab.

  1. 7 CFR 1430.606 - Determination of losses incurred.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... hurricane-related disaster. Specifically, dairy production and spoilage losses incurred by producers under... production marketed during the applicable claim period that corresponds with the hurricane-related disaster... that corresponds to the hurricane-related disaster. These adjustments are made to account for...

  2. 7 CFR 1430.606 - Determination of losses incurred.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... hurricane-related disaster. Specifically, dairy production and spoilage losses incurred by producers under... production marketed during the applicable claim period that corresponds with the hurricane-related disaster... that corresponds to the hurricane-related disaster. These adjustments are made to account for...

  3. 7 CFR 1430.606 - Determination of losses incurred.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... hurricane-related disaster. Specifically, dairy production and spoilage losses incurred by producers under... production marketed during the applicable claim period that corresponds with the hurricane-related disaster... that corresponds to the hurricane-related disaster. These adjustments are made to account for...

  4. 7 CFR 1430.606 - Determination of losses incurred.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... hurricane-related disaster. Specifically, dairy production and spoilage losses incurred by producers under... production marketed during the applicable claim period that corresponds with the hurricane-related disaster... that corresponds to the hurricane-related disaster. These adjustments are made to account for...

  5. 7 CFR 1430.606 - Determination of losses incurred.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... hurricane-related disaster. Specifically, dairy production and spoilage losses incurred by producers under... production marketed during the applicable claim period that corresponds with the hurricane-related disaster... that corresponds to the hurricane-related disaster. These adjustments are made to account for...

  6. 41 CFR 102-33.205 - When we use our aircraft to support other executive agencies, must we recover the operating costs?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false When we use our aircraft to support other executive agencies, must we recover the operating costs? 102-33.205 Section 102-33.205 Public Contracts and Property Management Federal Property Management Regulations System (Continued) FEDERAL MANAGEMENT REGULATION...

  7. 48 CFR 1845.7101-3 - Unit acquisition cost.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... production costs (for assets produced or constructed). (5) Engineering, architectural, and other outside... acquisition cost is under $100,000, it shall be reported as under $100,000. (g) Software acquisition costs include software costs incurred up through acceptance testing and material internal costs incurred...

  8. 50 CFR 80.63 - Does an agency have to allocate costs in multipurpose projects and facilities?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... RESTORATION PROGRAM ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS, PITTMAN-ROBERTSON WILDLIFE RESTORATION AND DINGELL-JOHNSON SPORT FISH RESTORATION ACTS Allocation of Funds by an Agency § 80.63 Does an agency have to allocate... in multipurpose projects and facilities. A grant-funded project or facility is multipurpose if...

  9. 50 CFR 80.63 - Does an agency have to allocate costs in multipurpose projects and facilities?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... RESTORATION PROGRAM ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS, PITTMAN-ROBERTSON WILDLIFE RESTORATION AND DINGELL-JOHNSON SPORT FISH RESTORATION ACTS Allocation of Funds by an Agency § 80.63 Does an agency have to allocate... in multipurpose projects and facilities. A grant-funded project or facility is multipurpose if...

  10. 50 CFR 80.63 - Does an agency have to allocate costs in multipurpose projects and facilities?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... RESTORATION PROGRAM ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS, PITTMAN-ROBERTSON WILDLIFE RESTORATION AND DINGELL-JOHNSON SPORT FISH RESTORATION ACTS Allocation of Funds by an Agency § 80.63 Does an agency have to allocate... in multipurpose projects and facilities. A grant-funded project or facility is multipurpose if...

  11. 50 CFR 80.63 - Does an agency have to allocate costs in multipurpose projects and facilities?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... RESTORATION PROGRAM ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS, PITTMAN-ROBERTSON WILDLIFE RESTORATION AND DINGELL-JOHNSON SPORT FISH RESTORATION ACTS Allocation of Funds by an Agency § 80.63 Does an agency have to allocate... in multipurpose projects and facilities. A grant-funded project or facility is multipurpose if...

  12. 78 FR 13606 - Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement; Unallowable Fringe Benefit Costs (DFARS Case...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-28

    ... incurred or estimated that are contrary to law, employer-employee agreement, or an established policy of... incurred or estimated that are contrary to law, employer- employee agreement, or an established policy of... costs in final indirect cost rate proposals or the final statement of costs incurred or estimated to...

  13. The Use of Inpatient Palliative Care Services In Patients With Metastatic Incurable Head and Neck Cancer

    PubMed Central

    Mulvey, Carolyn L.; Smith, Thomas J.; Gourin, Christine G.

    2015-01-01

    Background Substantial health care resources are used on aggressive end-of-life care, despite an increasing recognition that palliative care improves quality of life and reduces health care costs. We examined the incidence of palliative care encounters in inpatients with incurable head and neck cancer (HNCA) and associations with in-hospital mortality, length of hospitalization, and costs. Methods Data from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample for 80,514 HNCA patients with distant metastatic disease in 2001–2010 was analyzed using cross-tabulations and multivariate regressions. Results Palliative care encounters occurred in 4,029 cases (5%) and were significantly associated with age ≥80 years, female sex, self-pay pay or status, and prior radiation. Palliative care was significantly associated with increased in-hospital mortality and reduced hospital-related costs. Conclusions Inpatient palliative care consultation in terminal HNCA is associated with reduced hospital-related costs, but appears to be underutilized and restricted to the elderly, uninsured, and patients with an increased risk of mortality. PMID:25331744

  14. 10 CFR 600.127 - Allowable costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Local Governments.” The allowability of costs incurred by non-profit organizations is determined in accordance with the provisions of OMB Circular A-122, “Cost Principles for Non-Profit Organizations.” The... incurred by hospitals is determined in accordance with the provisions of Appendix E of 45 CFR part...

  15. 25 CFR 1000.316 - May the Tribe/Consortium be reimbursed for actual and reasonable “wind up costs” incurred after...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... reasonable âwind up costsâ incurred after the effective date of retrocession? 1000.316 Section 1000.316... AGREEMENTS UNDER THE TRIBAL SELF-GOVERNMENT ACT AMENDMENTS TO THE INDIAN SELF-DETERMINATION AND EDUCATION ACT Reassumption § 1000.316 May the Tribe/Consortium be reimbursed for actual and reasonable “wind up...

  16. 78 FR 22872 - Review of Cost Submittals by Other Federal Agencies for Administering Part I of the Federal Power...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-17

    ... Financial Management Division, Office of the Executive Director, on October 10, 2012, issued a letter... of the agency submissions, the Commission posted the information in eLibrary, and issued, on March 13.... These documents are accessible on-line at http://www.ferc.gov , using the ``eLibrary'' link and...

  17. Analysis of risk factors in human bioequivalence study that incur bioinequivalence of oral drug products.

    PubMed

    Yamashita, Shinji; Tachiki, Hidehisa

    2009-01-01

    In the study of human bioequivalence (BE), newly developed oral products sometimes fail to prove BE with a reference product due to the high variability in pharmacokinetic (PK) parameters after oral absorption. In this study, risk factors that incur bioinequivalence in BE study were analyzed by applying the Biopharmaceutics Classification System (BCS). Forty-four generic products were selected from a database of BE studies in the past 10 years at Towa Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd. (Osaka, Japan), and 90% confidence interval (CI) of AUC and C(max) in human BE study for all products were converted into coefficient of variation (CV(90)). Then, the required number of subjects to confirm BE was estimated from the 90% CI in human BE study of new products. It was found that both the permeability of drugs to human intestinal membrane (P(eff)) and the dose number calculated from their water solubility did not correlate well to CV(90) and the estimated subject number in human BE study, suggesting the contribution of other factors to cause the variability in oral drug absorption. As the PK parameter of drugs, the value of AUC/dose was calculated and plotted against CV(90) and the estimated subject number by classifying drugs into 4 BCS classes. For drugs in classes 1 and 3, AUC/dose gave a clear criterion to distinguish the drugs with a high risk of bioinequivalence, where drugs with low AUC/dose showed high CV(90) and large number of subjects. It was suggested that the high metabolic clearance (for class 1 drug) and low oral absorption (for class 3 drug) could be significant factors to incur bioinequivalence in human BE study, although for drugs in classes 2 and 4, clear factors were not defined. Consequently, for drugs in BCS classes 1 and 3, risks in human BE study to incur bioinequivalence could be predicted by calculating the AUC/dose. In the case of generic drugs, since the parameter of AUC/dose is available before initiating human BE study, this finding is expected to

  18. 42 CFR 417.540 - Enrollment costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Enrollment costs. 417.540 Section 417.540 Public... PLANS Medicare Payment: Cost Basis § 417.540 Enrollment costs. (a) Principle. Enrollment costs are... of costs included. Enrollment costs include, but are not limited to, reasonable costs incurred...

  19. 42 CFR 417.540 - Enrollment costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Enrollment costs. 417.540 Section 417.540 Public... PLANS Medicare Payment: Cost Basis § 417.540 Enrollment costs. (a) Principle. Enrollment costs are... of costs included. Enrollment costs include, but are not limited to, reasonable costs incurred...

  20. EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) evaluation of the gyroscopic wheel cover device under Section 511 of the Motor Vehicle Information and Cost Savings Act. Technical report

    SciTech Connect

    Syria, S.L.

    1983-06-01

    This report announces the conclusions of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) evaluation of the Gyroscopic Wheel Cover under the provisions of Section 511 of the Motor Vehicle Information and Cost Savings Act. The evaluation of the Gyroscopic Wheel Cover device was conducted upon the application of Simmer Wheels, Incorporated. The device is a mechanical assembly which replaces each of the standard wheel covers on a vehicle. The device is claimed to improve fuel economy, handling and braking characteristics, and the life of the brakes and tires.

  1. 48 CFR 31.203 - Indirect costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... coverage, the contractor shall follow the criteria and guidance in 48 CFR 9904.406 for selecting the cost..., if other costs incurred for the same purpose, in like circumstances, have been included as a...

  2. A Study of Additional Costs of Second Language Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McEwen, Nelly

    A study was conducted whose primary aim was to identify and explain additional costs incurred by Alberta, Canada school jurisdictions providing second language instruction in 1980. Additional costs were defined as those which would not have been incurred had the second language program not been in existence. Three types of additional costs were…

  3. 26 CFR 31.3402(n)-1 - Employees incurring no income tax liability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 15 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Employees incurring no income tax liability. 31... (CONTINUED) EMPLOYMENT TAXES AND COLLECTION OF INCOME TAX AT SOURCE EMPLOYMENT TAXES AND COLLECTION OF INCOME TAX AT SOURCE Collection of Income Tax at Source § 31.3402(n)-1 Employees incurring no income...

  4. 26 CFR 31.3402(n)-1 - Employees incurring no income tax liability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 15 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Employees incurring no income tax liability. 31... (CONTINUED) EMPLOYMENT TAXES AND COLLECTION OF INCOME TAX AT SOURCE EMPLOYMENT TAXES AND COLLECTION OF INCOME TAX AT SOURCE Collection of Income Tax at Source § 31.3402(n)-1 Employees incurring no income...

  5. 26 CFR 31.3402(n)-1 - Employees incurring no income tax liability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 15 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Employees incurring no income tax liability. 31... (CONTINUED) EMPLOYMENT TAXES AND COLLECTION OF INCOME TAX AT SOURCE EMPLOYMENT TAXES AND COLLECTION OF INCOME TAX AT SOURCE Collection of Income Tax at Source § 31.3402(n)-1 Employees incurring no income...

  6. 45 CFR 261.53 - May a State correct the problem before incurring a penalty?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false May a State correct the problem before incurring a....53 May a State correct the problem before incurring a penalty? (a) Yes. A State may enter into a corrective compliance plan to remedy a problem that caused its failure to meet a participation rate,...

  7. Physician-assisted dying and two senses of an incurable condition.

    PubMed

    Varelius, Jukka

    2016-09-01

    It is commonly accepted that voluntary active euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide can be allowed, if at all, only in the cases of patients whose conditions are incurable. Yet, there are different understandings of when a patient's condition is incurable. In this article, I consider two understandings of the notion of an incurable condition that can be found in the recent debate on physician-assisted dying. According to one of them, a condition is incurable when it is known that there is no cure for it. According to the other, a condition is incurable when no cure is known to exist for it. I propose two criteria for assessing the conceptions and maintain that, in light of the criteria, the latter is more plausible than the former. PMID:27178533

  8. 42 CFR 417.534 - Allowable costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Allowable costs. 417.534 Section 417.534 Public... PLANS Medicare Payment: Cost Basis § 417.534 Allowable costs. (a) Definition—Allowable costs means the direct and indirect costs, including normal standby costs incurred by the HMO or CMP, that are proper...

  9. 42 CFR 417.534 - Allowable costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Allowable costs. 417.534 Section 417.534 Public... PLANS Medicare Payment: Cost Basis § 417.534 Allowable costs. (a) Definition—Allowable costs means the direct and indirect costs, including normal standby costs incurred by the HMO or CMP, that are proper...

  10. 28 CFR 100.13 - Directly assignable costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ..., COMMUNICATIONS ASSISTANCE FOR LAW ENFORCEMENT ACT OF 1994 § 100.13 Directly assignable costs. (a) A cost is directly assignable to the CALEA compliance effort if it is a plant cost incurred specifically to meet...

  11. Using State-Wide Multiple Measures for School Leadership and Management: Costs Incurred vs. Benefits Gained

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hentschke, Guilbert; Wohlstetter, Priscilla; Hirman, Jennifer; Zeehandelaar, Dara

    2011-01-01

    In this article, we examine the utility and value of multiple measures of school performance for school leaders and managers. The research was conducted within the context of the state of California through an investigation of how operators, managers and authorisers of autonomous "charter" (publicly financed but privately operated) schools use…

  12. The cost of implementing a jail diversion program for people with mental illness in San Antonio, Texas.

    PubMed

    Cowell, Alexander J; Hinde, Jesse M; Broner, Nahama; Aldridge, Arnie P

    2015-02-01

    Jail diversion programs for people with mental illness are designed to redirect offenders with mental illness into community treatment. Although much has been published about program models and their successes, little detail is available to policy makers and community stakeholders on the resources required to start and implement a jail diversion program and which agencies bear how much of the burden. The current study used data on a model jail diversion program in San Antonio, Texas, to address this research gap. Data on staff costs, client contacts, planning, and implementation were collected for three types of diversion: pre-booking police, post-booking bond, and post-booking docket. An activity-based costing algorithm was developed to which parameter values were applied. The start-up cost for the program was $556,638.69. Pre-booking diversion cost $370 per person; 90% of costs were incurred by community mental health agencies for short-term monitoring and screening (>80% of activities). Post-booking bond and docket diversion cost $238 and $205 per person, respectively; the majority of costs were incurred by the courts for court decisions. Developing a multiple-intercept jail diversion program requires significant up-front investment. The share of costs varies greatly depending on the type of diversion.

  13. The cost of implementing a jail diversion program for people with mental illness in San Antonio, Texas.

    PubMed

    Cowell, Alexander J; Hinde, Jesse M; Broner, Nahama; Aldridge, Arnie P

    2015-02-01

    Jail diversion programs for people with mental illness are designed to redirect offenders with mental illness into community treatment. Although much has been published about program models and their successes, little detail is available to policy makers and community stakeholders on the resources required to start and implement a jail diversion program and which agencies bear how much of the burden. The current study used data on a model jail diversion program in San Antonio, Texas, to address this research gap. Data on staff costs, client contacts, planning, and implementation were collected for three types of diversion: pre-booking police, post-booking bond, and post-booking docket. An activity-based costing algorithm was developed to which parameter values were applied. The start-up cost for the program was $556,638.69. Pre-booking diversion cost $370 per person; 90% of costs were incurred by community mental health agencies for short-term monitoring and screening (>80% of activities). Post-booking bond and docket diversion cost $238 and $205 per person, respectively; the majority of costs were incurred by the courts for court decisions. Developing a multiple-intercept jail diversion program requires significant up-front investment. The share of costs varies greatly depending on the type of diversion. PMID:25463013

  14. Energy and time modelling of kerbside waste collection: Changes incurred when adding source separated food waste.

    PubMed

    Edwards, Joel; Othman, Maazuza; Burn, Stewart; Crossin, Enda

    2016-10-01

    The collection of source separated kerbside municipal FW (SSFW) is being incentivised in Australia, however such a collection is likely to increase the fuel and time a collection truck fleet requires. Therefore, waste managers need to determine whether the incentives outweigh the cost. With literature scarcely describing the magnitude of increase, and local parameters playing a crucial role in accurately modelling kerbside collection; this paper develops a new general mathematical model that predicts the energy and time requirements of a collection regime whilst incorporating the unique variables of different jurisdictions. The model, Municipal solid waste collect (MSW-Collect), is validated and shown to be more accurate at predicting fuel consumption and trucks required than other common collection models. When predicting changes incurred for five different SSFW collection scenarios, results show that SSFW scenarios require an increase in fuel ranging from 1.38% to 57.59%. There is also a need for additional trucks across most SSFW scenarios tested. All SSFW scenarios are ranked and analysed in regards to fuel consumption; sensitivity analysis is conducted to test key assumptions. PMID:27396681

  15. Energy and time modelling of kerbside waste collection: Changes incurred when adding source separated food waste.

    PubMed

    Edwards, Joel; Othman, Maazuza; Burn, Stewart; Crossin, Enda

    2016-10-01

    The collection of source separated kerbside municipal FW (SSFW) is being incentivised in Australia, however such a collection is likely to increase the fuel and time a collection truck fleet requires. Therefore, waste managers need to determine whether the incentives outweigh the cost. With literature scarcely describing the magnitude of increase, and local parameters playing a crucial role in accurately modelling kerbside collection; this paper develops a new general mathematical model that predicts the energy and time requirements of a collection regime whilst incorporating the unique variables of different jurisdictions. The model, Municipal solid waste collect (MSW-Collect), is validated and shown to be more accurate at predicting fuel consumption and trucks required than other common collection models. When predicting changes incurred for five different SSFW collection scenarios, results show that SSFW scenarios require an increase in fuel ranging from 1.38% to 57.59%. There is also a need for additional trucks across most SSFW scenarios tested. All SSFW scenarios are ranked and analysed in regards to fuel consumption; sensitivity analysis is conducted to test key assumptions.

  16. 50 CFR 37.46 - Cost reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Cost reimbursement. 37.46 Section 37.46... NATIONAL WILDLIFE REFUGE, ALASKA General Administration § 37.46 Cost reimbursement. (a) Each applicant for... actual costs incurred, including, but not limited to, its direct costs and indirect costs as...

  17. 25 CFR 117.26 - Expenses incurred pending qualification of an executor or administrator.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... HAVE CERTIFICATES OF COMPETENCY § 117.26 Expenses incurred pending qualification of an executor or... one-half or more Indian blood who did not have a certificate of competency at the time of his...

  18. Understanding Higher Education Costs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Middaugh, Michael F.

    2005-01-01

    Public discussion of higher education costs frequently confuses price with expenditure. This article examines factors associated with increases in the sticker price of a college education and the expenditures incurred by institutions in delivering that education. The discussion suggests that while growth in college tuition is real, access to…

  19. 76 FR 52339 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Petition for Remission or Mitigation of Forfeitures and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-22

    ... Register (76 FR 34245) on June 13, 2011, allowing for a 60-day comment period. This notice allows for an... Remission or Mitigation of Forfeitures and Penalties Incurred AGENCY: U.S. Customs and Border Protection... Remission or Mitigation of Forfeitures and Penalties Incurred (Form 4609). This is a proposed extension...

  20. Mind the Costs: Rescaling and Multi-Level Environmental Governance in Venice Lagoon

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Roggero, Matteo; Fritsch, Oliver

    2010-07-01

    Competences over environmental matters are distributed across agencies at different scales on a national-to-local continuum. This article adopts a transaction costs economics perspective in order to explore the question whether, in the light of a particular problem, the scale at which a certain competence is attributed can be reconsidered. Specifically, it tests whether a presumption of least-cost operation concerning an agency at a given scale can hold. By doing so, it investigates whether the rescaling of certain tasks, aiming at solving a scale-related problem, is likely to produce an increase in costs for day-to-day agency operations as compared to the status quo. The article explores such a perspective for the case of Venice Lagoon. The negative aspects of the present arrangement concerning fishery management and morphological remediation are directly linked to the scale of the agencies involved. The analysis suggests that scales have been chosen correctly, at least from the point of view of the costs incurred to the agencies involved. Consequently, a rescaling of those agencies does not represent a viable option.

  1. Mind the Costs: Rescaling and Multi-Level Environmental Governance in Venice Lagoon

    PubMed Central

    Fritsch, Oliver

    2010-01-01

    Competences over environmental matters are distributed across agencies at different scales on a national-to-local continuum. This article adopts a transaction costs economics perspective in order to explore the question whether, in the light of a particular problem, the scale at which a certain competence is attributed can be reconsidered. Specifically, it tests whether a presumption of least-cost operation concerning an agency at a given scale can hold. By doing so, it investigates whether the rescaling of certain tasks, aiming at solving a scale-related problem, is likely to produce an increase in costs for day-to-day agency operations as compared to the status quo. The article explores such a perspective for the case of Venice Lagoon. The negative aspects of the present arrangement concerning fishery management and morphological remediation are directly linked to the scale of the agencies involved. The analysis suggests that scales have been chosen correctly, at least from the point of view of the costs incurred to the agencies involved. Consequently, a rescaling of those agencies does not represent a viable option. PMID:20162274

  2. 34 CFR 674.47 - Costs chargeable to the Fund.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... that does not exceed the sum of— (i) Court costs specified in 28 U.S.C. 1920; (ii) Other costs incurred....S.C. 1920. (f) Records. For audit purposes, an institution shall support the amount of...

  3. 2 CFR 200.473 - Transportation costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 2 Grants and Agreements 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Transportation costs. 200.473 Section 200... Transportation costs. Costs incurred for freight, express, cartage, postage, and other transportation services... identified with the items involved, they may be charged directly as transportation costs or added to the...

  4. 14 CFR 1273.22 - Allowable costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... principles applicable to the organization incurring the costs. The following chart lists the kinds of... CFR part 31, Contract Cost Principles and Procedures, or uniform cost accounting standards that comply... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Allowable costs. 1273.22 Section...

  5. 33 CFR 214.11 - Costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Costs. 214.11 Section 214.11... SUPPLIES OF DRINKING WATER § 214.11 Costs. Costs incurred by the Corps of Engineers in furnishing emergency... by the community generally will not be required. Costs of necessary measures for the...

  6. 33 CFR 214.11 - Costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Costs. 214.11 Section 214.11... SUPPLIES OF DRINKING WATER § 214.11 Costs. Costs incurred by the Corps of Engineers in furnishing emergency... by the community generally will not be required. Costs of necessary measures for the...

  7. 23 CFR 140.505 - Reimbursable costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Reimbursable costs. 140.505 Section 140.505 Highways... Administrative Settlement Costs-Contract Claims § 140.505 Reimbursable costs. (a) Federal funds may participate in administrative settlement costs which are: (1) Incurred after notice of claim, (2)...

  8. A Year-Round School Cost Model.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burnett, Robert W.

    This study involved the development and use of a cost model to assess the economic consequences of the introduction of a year-round school (YRS) program. The cost model has two components. First, a comprehensive accounting procedure details the costs unique to a year-round calendar and estimates the costs that would have been incurred if the…

  9. Discretionary Income and College Costs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hartle, Terry W.; Wabnick, Richard

    The relationship between college costs and family income is examined, along with the debt burden incurred by students while pursuing a postsecondary education. Attention is directed to an analytical model of discretionary income, the families' current income and college costs and how these have changed over the last decade, and general empirical…

  10. Reimbursing Live Organ Donors for Incurred Non-Medical Expenses: A Global Perspective on Policies and Programs

    PubMed Central

    Sickand, M.; Cuerden, M. S.; Klarenbach, S. W.; Ojo, A. O.; Parikh, C. R.; Boudville, N.; Garg, A. X.

    2015-01-01

    Methods to reimburse living organ donors for the non-medical expenses they incur have been implemented in some jurisdictions and are being considered in others. A global understanding of existing legislation and programs would help decision makers implement and optimize policies and programs. We searched for and collected data from countries that practice living organ donation. We examined legislation and programs that facilitate reimbursement, focusing on policy mechanisms, eligibility criteria, program duration and types of expenses reimbursed. Of 40 countries, reimbursement is expressly legal in 16, unclear in 18, unspecified in 6 and expressly prohibited in 1. Donor reimbursement programs exist in 21 countries; 6 have been enacted in the last 5 years. Lost income is reimbursed in 17 countries, while travel, accommodation, meal and childcare costs are reimbursed in 12 to 19 countries. Ten countries have comprehensive programs, where all major cost categories are reimbursed to some extent. Out-of-country donors are reimbursed in 10 jurisdictions. Reimbursement is conditional on donor income in 7 countries, and recipient income in 2 countries. Many nations have programs that help living donors with their financial costs. These programs differ in operation and scope. Donors in other regions of the world are without support. PMID:19788503

  11. 11 CFR 106.2 - State allocation of expenditures incurred by authorized committees of Presidential primary...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... receiving or expecting to receive federal matching funds pursuant to 11 CFR parts 9031 et seq. The expenditures described in 11 CFR 106.2(b)(2) shall be allocated to a particular State if incurred by a.... Expenditures required to be allocated to the primary election under 11 CFR 9034.4(e) shall also be allocated...

  12. 26 CFR 1.48-11 - Qualified rehabilitated building; expenditures incurred before January 1, 1982.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... treated as new section 38 property and therefore is not subject to the used property limitation. See § 1... air conditioned by means of window air conditioning units. A replaces the window units with a central air conditioning system and no other rehabilitation is performed by A. The expenditures incurred by...

  13. 11 CFR 106.2 - State allocation of expenditures incurred by authorized committees of Presidential primary...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... receiving or expecting to receive federal matching funds pursuant to 11 CFR parts 9031 et seq. The expenditures described in 11 CFR 106.2(b)(2) shall be allocated to a particular State if incurred by a.... Expenditures required to be allocated to the primary election under 11 CFR 9034.4(e) shall also be allocated...

  14. 11 CFR 106.2 - State allocation of expenditures incurred by authorized committees of Presidential primary...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... receiving or expecting to receive federal matching funds pursuant to 11 CFR parts 9031 et seq. The expenditures described in 11 CFR 106.2(b)(2) shall be allocated to a particular State if incurred by a.... Expenditures required to be allocated to the primary election under 11 CFR 9034.4(e) shall also be allocated...

  15. 11 CFR 106.2 - State allocation of expenditures incurred by authorized committees of Presidential primary...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... receiving or expecting to receive federal matching funds pursuant to 11 CFR parts 9031 et seq. The expenditures described in 11 CFR 106.2(b)(2) shall be allocated to a particular State if incurred by a.... Expenditures required to be allocated to the primary election under 11 CFR 9034.4(e) shall also be allocated...

  16. 11 CFR 106.2 - State allocation of expenditures incurred by authorized committees of Presidential primary...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... receiving or expecting to receive federal matching funds pursuant to 11 CFR parts 9031 et seq. The expenditures described in 11 CFR 106.2(b)(2) shall be allocated to a particular State if incurred by a.... Expenditures required to be allocated to the primary election under 11 CFR 9034.4(e) shall also be allocated...

  17. 27 CFR 478.143 - Relief from disabilities incurred by indictment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 3 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Relief from disabilities incurred by indictment. 478.143 Section 478.143 Alcohol, Tobacco Products, and Firearms BUREAU OF ALCOHOL, TOBACCO, FIREARMS, AND EXPLOSIVES, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE FIREARMS AND AMMUNITION COMMERCE IN FIREARMS...

  18. 27 CFR 478.143 - Relief from disabilities incurred by indictment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 3 2012-04-01 2010-04-01 true Relief from disabilities incurred by indictment. 478.143 Section 478.143 Alcohol, Tobacco Products, and Firearms BUREAU OF ALCOHOL, TOBACCO, FIREARMS, AND EXPLOSIVES, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE FIREARMS AND AMMUNITION COMMERCE IN FIREARMS...

  19. 27 CFR 478.143 - Relief from disabilities incurred by indictment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 3 2011-04-01 2010-04-01 true Relief from disabilities incurred by indictment. 478.143 Section 478.143 Alcohol, Tobacco Products, and Firearms BUREAU OF ALCOHOL, TOBACCO, FIREARMS, AND EXPLOSIVES, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE FIREARMS AND AMMUNITION COMMERCE IN FIREARMS...

  20. 27 CFR 478.143 - Relief from disabilities incurred by indictment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Relief from disabilities incurred by indictment. 478.143 Section 478.143 Alcohol, Tobacco Products, and Firearms BUREAU OF ALCOHOL, TOBACCO, FIREARMS, AND EXPLOSIVES, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE FIREARMS AND AMMUNITION COMMERCE IN FIREARMS...

  1. 27 CFR 478.143 - Relief from disabilities incurred by indictment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 3 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Relief from disabilities incurred by indictment. 478.143 Section 478.143 Alcohol, Tobacco Products, and Firearms BUREAU OF ALCOHOL, TOBACCO, FIREARMS, AND EXPLOSIVES, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE FIREARMS AND AMMUNITION COMMERCE IN FIREARMS...

  2. 76 FR 18517 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; Survey: Expenditures Incurred by Recipients of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-04

    ... Bureau of Economic Analysis Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; Survey: Expenditures Incurred by Recipients of Biomedical Research and Development Awards From the National Institutes of Health... e-mail at dhynek@doc.gov . FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Steven Payson, Chief of...

  3. 26 CFR 31.3402(n)-1 - Employees incurring no income tax liability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ....3402(n)-1 Section 31.3402(n)-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY... TAX AT SOURCE Collection of Income Tax at Source § 31.3402(n)-1 Employees incurring no income tax... certificate under section 3402(n) and the regulations thereunder has been furnished to the employer. (c)...

  4. 26 CFR 31.3402(n)-1 - Employees incurring no income tax liability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ....3402(n)-1 Section 31.3402(n)-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY... TAX AT SOURCE Collection of Income Tax at Source § 31.3402(n)-1 Employees incurring no income tax... certificate under section 3402(n) and the regulations thereunder has been furnished to the employer. (c)...

  5. Negotiating with Subscription Agencies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McQueen, Judy; Basch, N. Bernard

    1991-01-01

    This first in a two-part series on how librarians can negotiate services and prices with subscription agencies focuses on how vendors operate. Factors that influence agency costs, revenues, and service charges are described, including economies of scale, discounts from publishers, and prepayment and cash flow. (seven references) (LRW)

  6. 42 CFR 413.90 - Research costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Research costs. 413.90 Section 413.90 Public Health... Research costs. (a) Principle. Costs incurred for research purposes, over and above usual patient care, are... health-related research activities. Funds for this purpose are provided under many Federal programs...

  7. 42 CFR 413.90 - Research costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Research costs. 413.90 Section 413.90 Public Health... Research costs. (a) Principle. Costs incurred for research purposes, over and above usual patient care, are... health-related research activities. Funds for this purpose are provided under many Federal programs...

  8. 42 CFR 413.90 - Research costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Research costs. 413.90 Section 413.90 Public Health... Research costs. (a) Principle. Costs incurred for research purposes, over and above usual patient care, are... health-related research activities. Funds for this purpose are provided under many Federal programs...

  9. 42 CFR 413.90 - Research costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Research costs. 413.90 Section 413.90 Public Health... Research costs. (a) Principle. Costs incurred for research purposes, over and above usual patient care, are... health-related research activities. Funds for this purpose are provided under many Federal programs...

  10. 42 CFR 413.90 - Research costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Research costs. 413.90 Section 413.90 Public Health... Research costs. (a) Principle. Costs incurred for research purposes, over and above usual patient care, are... health-related research activities. Funds for this purpose are provided under many Federal programs...

  11. 28 CFR 66.22 - Allowable costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... applicable to the organization incurring the costs. The following chart lists the kinds of organizations and... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Allowable costs. 66.22 Section 66.22... Administration § 66.22 Allowable costs. (a) Limitation on use of funds. Grant funds may be used only for: (1)...

  12. 50 CFR 80.12 - Cost sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Cost sharing. 80.12 Section 80.12 Wildlife... WILDLIFE RESTORATION AND DINGELL-JOHNSON SPORT FISH RESTORATION ACTS § 80.12 Cost sharing. Federal participation is limited to 75 percent of eligible costs incurred in the completion of approved work or...

  13. 2 CFR 215.27 - Allowable costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... CFR part 230, “Cost Principles for Non-Profit Organizations (OMB Circular A-122).” The allowability of... CFR part 220, “Cost Principles for Educational Institutions (OMB Circular A-21).” The allowability of costs incurred by hospitals is determined in accordance with the provisions of appendix E of 45 CFR...

  14. 10 CFR 600.127 - Allowable costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... recipient, there is a set of Federal principles for determining allowable costs. Allowability of costs shall... incurred by hospitals is determined in accordance with the provisions of Appendix E of 45 CFR part 74... Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR) at 48 CFR part 31. (b) Indirect costs. Unless restricted by...

  15. 10 CFR 600.127 - Allowable costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... recipient, there is a set of Federal principles for determining allowable costs. Allowability of costs shall... incurred by hospitals is determined in accordance with the provisions of Appendix E of 45 CFR part 74... Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR) at 48 CFR part 31. (b) Indirect costs. Unless restricted by...

  16. 10 CFR 600.127 - Allowable costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... recipient, there is a set of Federal principles for determining allowable costs. Allowability of costs shall... incurred by hospitals is determined in accordance with the provisions of Appendix E of 45 CFR part 74... Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR) at 48 CFR part 31. (b) Indirect costs. Unless restricted by...

  17. 10 CFR 600.127 - Allowable costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... recipient, there is a set of Federal principles for determining allowable costs. Allowability of costs shall... incurred by hospitals is determined in accordance with the provisions of Appendix E of 45 CFR part 74... Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR) at 48 CFR part 31. (b) Indirect costs. Unless restricted by...

  18. Emission projections for the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Section 812 second prospective Clean Air Act cost/benefit analysis.

    PubMed

    Wilson, James H; Mullen, Maureen A; Bollman, Andrew D; Thesing, Kirstin B; Salhotra, Manish; Divita, Frank; Neumann, James E; Price, Jason C; DeMocker, James

    2008-05-01

    Section 812 of the Clean Air Act Amendments (CAAA) of 1990 requires the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to perform periodic, comprehensive analyses of the total costs and total benefits of programs implemented pursuant to the CAAA. The first prospective analysis was completed in 1999. The second prospective analysis was initiated during 2005. The first step in the second prospective analysis was the development of base and projection year emission estimates that will be used to generate benefit estimates of CAAA programs. This paper describes the analysis, methods, and results of the recently completed emission projections. There are several unique features of this analysis. One is the use of consistent economic assumptions from the Department of Energy's Annual Energy Outlook 2005 (AEO 2005) projections as the basis for estimating 2010 and 2020 emissions for all sectors. Another is the analysis of the different emissions paths for both with and without CAAA scenarios. Other features of this analysis include being the first EPA analysis that uses the 2002 National Emission Inventory files as the basis for making 48-state emission projections, incorporating control factor files from the Regional Planning Organizations (RPOs) that had completed emission projections at the time the analysis was performed, and modeling the emission benefits of the expected adoption of measures to meet the 8-hr ozone National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS), the Clean Air Visibility Rule, and the PM2.5 NAAQS. This analysis shows that the 1990 CAAA have produced significant reductions in criteria pollutant emissions since 1990 and that these emission reductions are expected to continue through 2020. CAAA provisions have reduced volatile organic compound (VOC) emissions by approximately 7 million t/yr by 2000, and are estimated to produce associated VOC emission reductions of 16.7 million t by 2020. Total oxides of nitrogen (NO(x)) emission reductions attributable to the

  19. Emission projections for the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Section 812 second prospective Clean Air Act cost/benefit analysis.

    PubMed

    Wilson, James H; Mullen, Maureen A; Bollman, Andrew D; Thesing, Kirstin B; Salhotra, Manish; Divita, Frank; Neumann, James E; Price, Jason C; DeMocker, James

    2008-05-01

    Section 812 of the Clean Air Act Amendments (CAAA) of 1990 requires the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to perform periodic, comprehensive analyses of the total costs and total benefits of programs implemented pursuant to the CAAA. The first prospective analysis was completed in 1999. The second prospective analysis was initiated during 2005. The first step in the second prospective analysis was the development of base and projection year emission estimates that will be used to generate benefit estimates of CAAA programs. This paper describes the analysis, methods, and results of the recently completed emission projections. There are several unique features of this analysis. One is the use of consistent economic assumptions from the Department of Energy's Annual Energy Outlook 2005 (AEO 2005) projections as the basis for estimating 2010 and 2020 emissions for all sectors. Another is the analysis of the different emissions paths for both with and without CAAA scenarios. Other features of this analysis include being the first EPA analysis that uses the 2002 National Emission Inventory files as the basis for making 48-state emission projections, incorporating control factor files from the Regional Planning Organizations (RPOs) that had completed emission projections at the time the analysis was performed, and modeling the emission benefits of the expected adoption of measures to meet the 8-hr ozone National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS), the Clean Air Visibility Rule, and the PM2.5 NAAQS. This analysis shows that the 1990 CAAA have produced significant reductions in criteria pollutant emissions since 1990 and that these emission reductions are expected to continue through 2020. CAAA provisions have reduced volatile organic compound (VOC) emissions by approximately 7 million t/yr by 2000, and are estimated to produce associated VOC emission reductions of 16.7 million t by 2020. Total oxides of nitrogen (NO(x)) emission reductions attributable to the

  20. 48 CFR 970.5215-4 - Cost reduction.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    .... Design, process, or method change is a change to a design, process, or method which has established cost... design, process, or method. DOE cost is the Government cost incurred implementing and validating the CRP. Implementation cost is the Contractor cost of tooling, facilities, documentation, etc., required to effect...

  1. 48 CFR 970.5215-4 - Cost reduction.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    .... Design, process, or method change is a change to a design, process, or method which has established cost... design, process, or method. DOE cost is the Government cost incurred implementing and validating the CRP. Implementation cost is the Contractor cost of tooling, facilities, documentation, etc., required to effect...

  2. 48 CFR 970.5215-4 - Cost reduction.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    .... Design, process, or method change is a change to a design, process, or method which has established cost... design, process, or method. DOE cost is the Government cost incurred implementing and validating the CRP. Implementation cost is the Contractor cost of tooling, facilities, documentation, etc., required to effect...

  3. 48 CFR 31.205-32 - Precontract costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Precontract costs. 31.205... CONTRACTING REQUIREMENTS CONTRACT COST PRINCIPLES AND PROCEDURES Contracts With Commercial Organizations 31.205-32 Precontract costs. Precontract costs means costs incurred before the effective date of...

  4. 48 CFR 31.205-32 - Precontract costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Precontract costs. 31.205... CONTRACTING REQUIREMENTS CONTRACT COST PRINCIPLES AND PROCEDURES Contracts With Commercial Organizations 31.205-32 Precontract costs. Precontract costs means costs incurred before the effective date of...

  5. 2 CFR 200.469 - Student activity costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 2 Grants and Agreements 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Student activity costs. 200.469 Section 200... REQUIREMENTS FOR FEDERAL AWARDS Cost Principles General Provisions for Selected Items of Cost § 200.469 Student activity costs. Costs incurred for intramural activities, student publications, student clubs, and...

  6. 40 CFR 35.940-1 - Allowable project costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Allowable project costs. 35.940-1... Allowable project costs. Allowable costs include: (a) Costs of salaries, benefits, and expendable material the grantee incurs for the project, except as provided in § 35.940-2(g); (b) Costs under...

  7. 40 CFR 35.940-1 - Allowable project costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Allowable project costs. 35.940-1... Allowable project costs. Allowable costs include: (a) Costs of salaries, benefits, and expendable material the grantee incurs for the project, except as provided in § 35.940-2(g); (b) Costs under...

  8. 20 CFR 411.582 - Can a State VR agency receive payment under the cost reimbursement payment system if a continuous...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION THE TICKET TO WORK AND SELF-SUFFICIENCY PROGRAM Employment Network Payment...? Yes. If a State VR agency provides services to a beneficiary under 34 CFR part 361, and elects...

  9. 20 CFR 411.582 - Can a State VR agency receive payment under the cost reimbursement payment system if a continuous...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION THE TICKET TO WORK AND SELF-SUFFICIENCY PROGRAM Employment Network Payment...? Yes. If a State VR agency provides services to a beneficiary under 34 CFR part 361, and elects...

  10. 20 CFR 641.859 - What other special rules govern the classification of costs as administrative costs or program...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...), all costs incurred by vendors are program costs. (See 29 CFR 99.210 for a discussion of factors... documented distributions of actual time worked or other equitable cost allocation methods. (d) Specific costs... information systems including the purchase, systems development and operating (e.g., data entry) costs...

  11. 12 CFR 221.123 - Combined credit for exercising employee stock options and paying income taxes incurred as a...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... options and paying income taxes incurred as a result of such exercise. 221.123 Section 221.123 Banks and... income taxes incurred as a result of such exercise. (a) Section 221.4(a) and (b), which provides special... that might discourage the exercise of options because of tax complications would conflict with...

  12. 12 CFR 221.123 - Combined credit for exercising employee stock options and paying income taxes incurred as a...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... options and paying income taxes incurred as a result of such exercise. 221.123 Section 221.123 Banks and... options and paying income taxes incurred as a result of such exercise. (a) Section 221.4(a) and (b), which.... Taking a position that might discourage the exercise of options because of tax complications...

  13. 12 CFR 221.123 - Combined credit for exercising employee stock options and paying income taxes incurred as a...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... options and paying income taxes incurred as a result of such exercise. 221.123 Section 221.123 Banks and... income taxes incurred as a result of such exercise. (a) Section 221.4(a) and (b), which provides special... that might discourage the exercise of options because of tax complications would conflict with...

  14. 20 CFR 416.1229 - Exclusion of payments received as compensation for expenses incurred or losses suffered as a...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... compensation for expenses incurred or losses suffered as a result of a crime. 416.1229 Section 416.1229... incurred or losses suffered as a result of a crime. (a) In determining the resources of an individual (and spouse, if any), any amount received from a fund established by a State to aid victims of crime...

  15. 20 CFR 416.1229 - Exclusion of payments received as compensation for expenses incurred or losses suffered as a...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... compensation for expenses incurred or losses suffered as a result of a crime. 416.1229 Section 416.1229... incurred or losses suffered as a result of a crime. (a) In determining the resources of an individual (and spouse, if any), any amount received from a fund established by a State to aid victims of crime...

  16. 20 CFR 416.1229 - Exclusion of payments received as compensation for expenses incurred or losses suffered as a...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... compensation for expenses incurred or losses suffered as a result of a crime. 416.1229 Section 416.1229... incurred or losses suffered as a result of a crime. (a) In determining the resources of an individual (and spouse, if any), any amount received from a fund established by a State to aid victims of crime...

  17. 20 CFR 416.1229 - Exclusion of payments received as compensation for expenses incurred or losses suffered as a...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... compensation for expenses incurred or losses suffered as a result of a crime. 416.1229 Section 416.1229... incurred or losses suffered as a result of a crime. (a) In determining the resources of an individual (and spouse, if any), any amount received from a fund established by a State to aid victims of crime...

  18. 20 CFR 416.1229 - Exclusion of payments received as compensation for expenses incurred or losses suffered as a...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... compensation for expenses incurred or losses suffered as a result of a crime. 416.1229 Section 416.1229... incurred or losses suffered as a result of a crime. (a) In determining the resources of an individual (and spouse, if any), any amount received from a fund established by a State to aid victims of crime...

  19. 26 CFR 1.278-1 - Capital expenditures incurred in planting and developing citrus and almond groves.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... developing citrus and almond groves. 1.278-1 Section 1.278-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE... § 1.278-1 Capital expenditures incurred in planting and developing citrus and almond groves. (a..., or development of any citrus or almond grove (or part thereof), and which is incurred before...

  20. 26 CFR 1.278-1 - Capital expenditures incurred in planting and developing citrus and almond groves.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... developing citrus and almond groves. 1.278-1 Section 1.278-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE... § 1.278-1 Capital expenditures incurred in planting and developing citrus and almond groves. (a..., or development of any citrus or almond grove (or part thereof), and which is incurred before...

  1. 26 CFR 1.278-1 - Capital expenditures incurred in planting and developing citrus and almond groves.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... developing citrus and almond groves. 1.278-1 Section 1.278-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE... § 1.278-1 Capital expenditures incurred in planting and developing citrus and almond groves. (a..., or development of any citrus or almond grove (or part thereof), and which is incurred before...

  2. 26 CFR 1.278-1 - Capital expenditures incurred in planting and developing citrus and almond groves.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... developing citrus and almond groves. 1.278-1 Section 1.278-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE... Capital expenditures incurred in planting and developing citrus and almond groves. (a) General rule. (1)(i... any citrus or almond grove (or part thereof), and which is incurred before the close of the...

  3. 26 CFR 1.278-1 - Capital expenditures incurred in planting and developing citrus and almond groves.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... developing citrus and almond groves. 1.278-1 Section 1.278-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE... § 1.278-1 Capital expenditures incurred in planting and developing citrus and almond groves. (a..., or development of any citrus or almond grove (or part thereof), and which is incurred before...

  4. Evaluation of different parameters in the extraction of incurred pesticides and environmental contaminants in fish.

    PubMed

    Sapozhnikova, Yelena; Lehotay, Steven J

    2015-06-01

    Sample processing is often ignored during analytical method development and validation, but accurate results for real samples depend on all aspects of the analytical process. Also, validation is often conducted using only spiked samples, but extraction yields may be lower in incurred samples. In this study, different variables in extraction for incurred pesticides and environmental contaminants in fish were investigated. Among 207 analytes screened using low-pressure gas chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry, consisting of 150 pesticides, 15 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), 14 polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), 6 polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), and 22 other flame retardants (FRs), 35 (16 pesticides, 9 PCBs, 5 PBDEs, and 5 PAHs) were identified for quantification in samples of salmon, croaker, and NIST Standard Reference Material 1947 (Lake Michigan Fish Tissue). Extraction efficiencies using different extraction devices (blending, vortexing, and vibrating) versus time, sample size, and sample/solvent ratio were determined. In comparison to blending results, use of a pulsed-vortexer for 1 min with 1/1 (g/mL) sample/acetonitrile ratio was generally sufficient to extract the incurred contaminants in the homogenized fish tissues. Conversely, extraction with a prototype vibration shaker often took 60 min to achieve 100% extraction efficiency. A main conclusion from this study is that accurate results for real samples can be obtained using batch extraction with a pulsed-vortexer in a simple and efficient method that achieves high sample throughput.

  5. The cost of IT security.

    PubMed

    McMillan, Mac

    2015-04-01

    Breaches in data security have become commonplace in health care, making IT security a necessary cost for healthcare organizations. Organizations that do not invest proactively in IT security face a significant risk of incurring much greater costs from incidents involving compromised data security. Direct costs of security breaches include the costs of discovery, response, investigation, and notification and also can include state or federal penalties and costs of compliance with corrective action plans and resolution agreements. Hidden costs can include damage to brand, loss of consumer confidence, reduced HCAHPS scores, and--by extension--reduced value-based purchasing payments.

  6. The Costs of Dental Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    D'Eustachio, Richard W.

    1993-01-01

    This brief statement offers 10 questions for consideration by American Dental Association (ADA) officials and others concerned with the burdensome indebtedness graduates often incur for their dental education. Questions ask for assessments in such areas as school operating costs, tuition, school support, loan forgiveness, and how the ADA can help…

  7. 45 CFR 1386.25 - Allowable litigation costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ..., DEVELOPMENTAL DISABILITIES PROGRAM FORMULA GRANT PROGRAMS State System for Protection and Advocacy of the Rights... be used to pay the otherwise allowable costs incurred by a Protection and Advocacy System in...

  8. 39 CFR 551.8 - Cost offset policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... associated with semipostal stamps will rest with the Office of Accounting, Finance, Controller. Individual organizational units incurring costs will provide supporting documentation to the Office of Accounting, Finance... Accounting, Finance, Controller, shall, based on judgment and available information, identify the...

  9. 39 CFR 551.8 - Cost offset policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... associated with semipostal stamps will rest with the Office of Accounting, Finance, Controller. Individual organizational units incurring costs will provide supporting documentation to the Office of Accounting, Finance... Accounting, Finance, Controller, shall, based on judgment and available information, identify the...

  10. 39 CFR 551.8 - Cost offset policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... associated with semipostal stamps will rest with the Office of Accounting, Finance, Controller. Individual organizational units incurring costs will provide supporting documentation to the Office of Accounting, Finance... Accounting, Finance, Controller, shall, based on judgment and available information, identify the...

  11. 41 CFR 102-192.160 - What less costly alternatives to expedited mail and couriers should your agency-wide mail...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... expedited mail and couriers: (a) Electronic transmission via e-mail. (b) Facsimile transmission. (c... alternatives to expedited mail and couriers should your agency-wide mail management policy address? 102-192.160... System (Continued) FEDERAL MANAGEMENT REGULATION ADMINISTRATIVE PROGRAMS 192-MAIL MANAGEMENT Other...

  12. Report on Reports: A Study of the Cost of Completing Reports for External Agencies, Fiscal Year 1975-1976. OIRA Report No. 6-20.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gell, Robert L.; Munson, Ann

    A survey was conducted throughout Montgomery Community College to gather information regarding the time spent by various units on the completion of reports for external agencies. Data were obtained for the actual reports filed between July 1, 1975 and April 1, 1976, and for the last three months of the fiscal year an estimate based on previous…

  13. Economic Cost of a Listeria monocytogenes Outbreak in Canada, 2008

    PubMed Central

    Vriezen, Rachael; Farber, Jeffrey M.; Currie, Andrea; Schlech, Walter; Fazil, Aamir

    2015-01-01

    Abstract Estimates of the economic costs associated with foodborne disease are important to inform public health decision-making. In 2008, 57 cases of listeriosis and 24 deaths in Canada were linked to contaminated delicatessen meat from one meat processing plant. Costs associated with the cases (including medical costs, nonmedical costs, and productivity losses) and those incurred by the implicated plant and federal agencies responding to the outbreak were estimated to be nearly $242 million Canadian dollars (CAD, 2008). Case costs alone were estimated at approximately $2.8 million (CAD, 2008) including loss of life. This demonstrates the considerable economic burden at both the individual and population levels associated with foodborne disease and foodborne outbreaks in particular. Foodborne outbreaks due to severe pathogens, such as Listeria monocytogenes and those that result in product recalls, are typically the most costly from the individual and/or societal perspective. Additional economic estimates of foodborne disease would contribute to our understanding of the burden of foodborne disease in Canada and would support the need for ongoing prevention and control activities. PMID:26583272

  14. 45 CFR 30.19 - Review of cost effectiveness of collection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... collection. Periodically, the Secretary will compare costs incurred and amounts collected. Data on costs and corresponding recovery rates for debts of different types and in various dollar ranges will be used to...

  15. 45 CFR 30.19 - Review of cost effectiveness of collection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... collection. Periodically, the Secretary will compare costs incurred and amounts collected. Data on costs and corresponding recovery rates for debts of different types and in various dollar ranges will be used to...

  16. 48 CFR 12.214 - Cost Accounting Standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Cost Accounting Standards... Items 12.214 Cost Accounting Standards. Cost Accounting Standards (CAS) do not apply to contracts and... actual costs incurred). See 48 CFR 30.201-1 for CAS applicability to fixed-price with economic...

  17. 48 CFR 12.214 - Cost Accounting Standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Cost Accounting Standards... Items 12.214 Cost Accounting Standards. Cost Accounting Standards (CAS) do not apply to contracts and... actual costs incurred). See 48 CFR 30.201-1 for CAS applicability to fixed-price with economic...

  18. 48 CFR 12.214 - Cost Accounting Standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Cost Accounting Standards... Items 12.214 Cost Accounting Standards. Cost Accounting Standards (CAS) do not apply to contracts and... actual costs incurred). See 48 CFR 30.201-1 for CAS applicability to fixed-price with economic...

  19. 48 CFR 12.214 - Cost Accounting Standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Cost Accounting Standards... Items 12.214 Cost Accounting Standards. Cost Accounting Standards (CAS) do not apply to contracts and... actual costs incurred). See 48 CFR 30.201-1 for CAS applicability to fixed-price with economic...

  20. 42 CFR 417.538 - Enrollment and marketing costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Enrollment and marketing costs. 417.538 Section 417... PREPAYMENT PLANS Medicare Payment: Cost Basis § 417.538 Enrollment and marketing costs. (a) Principle. Costs incurred by an HMO or CMP in performing the enrollment and marketing activities described in subpart k...

  1. 28 CFR 100.14 - Directly allocable costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 100.14 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) COST RECOVERY REGULATIONS, COMMUNICATIONS ASSISTANCE FOR LAW ENFORCEMENT ACT OF 1994 § 100.14 Directly allocable costs. (a) A cost is directly allocable to the CALEA compliance effort: (1) If it is a plant cost incurred specifically to...

  2. 42 CFR 417.538 - Enrollment and marketing costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Enrollment and marketing costs. 417.538 Section 417... PREPAYMENT PLANS Medicare Payment: Cost Basis § 417.538 Enrollment and marketing costs. (a) Principle. Costs incurred by an HMO or CMP in performing the enrollment and marketing activities described in subpart k...

  3. 42 CFR 417.538 - Enrollment and marketing costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Enrollment and marketing costs. 417.538 Section 417... HEALTH CARE PREPAYMENT PLANS Medicare Payment: Cost Basis § 417.538 Enrollment and marketing costs. (a) Principle. Costs incurred by an HMO or CMP in performing the enrollment and marketing activities...

  4. 42 CFR 417.538 - Enrollment and marketing costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Enrollment and marketing costs. 417.538 Section 417... HEALTH CARE PREPAYMENT PLANS Medicare Payment: Cost Basis § 417.538 Enrollment and marketing costs. (a) Principle. Costs incurred by an HMO or CMP in performing the enrollment and marketing activities...

  5. 42 CFR 417.538 - Enrollment and marketing costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Enrollment and marketing costs. 417.538 Section 417... HEALTH CARE PREPAYMENT PLANS Medicare Payment: Cost Basis § 417.538 Enrollment and marketing costs. (a) Principle. Costs incurred by an HMO or CMP in performing the enrollment and marketing activities...

  6. 32 CFR 32.27 - Allowable costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... contractors is determined in accordance with the provisions of Appendix E to 45 CFR part 74, “Principles for... contractor receiving a. cost-type contract under an assistance award, there is a set of Federal principles... principles applicable to the entity incurring the costs. (b) Governmental organizations. Allowability...

  7. Costs of Juvenile Violence: Policy Implications.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, Ted; Fisher, Deborah A.; Cohen, Mark A.

    2001-01-01

    Investigated the magnitude of juvenile violence in Pennsylvania in terms of victimization and perpetration. Used archival data on violent crimes in Pennsylvania during 1993 to develop cost estimates reflecting the costs incurred by society for both victims and perpetrators. Overall, violence against children and adolescents proved to be a much…

  8. 36 CFR 251.58 - Cost recovery.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... resulting from an act of God, an act of war, or negligence of the United States; (iv) The application is for... by the United States Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management. ... costs, the monetary value of the rights and privileges sought, that portion of the costs incurred...

  9. 33 CFR 214.11 - Costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... SUPPLIES OF DRINKING WATER § 214.11 Costs. Costs incurred by the Corps of Engineers in furnishing emergency supplies of clean drinking water are chargeable to Pub. L. 84-99 funds, 96X3125, Code 910-400 and repayment... of the water supply source are the responsibility of local governments and are not authorized...

  10. 33 CFR 214.11 - Costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... SUPPLIES OF DRINKING WATER § 214.11 Costs. Costs incurred by the Corps of Engineers in furnishing emergency supplies of clean drinking water are chargeable to Pub. L. 84-99 funds, 96X3125, Code 910-400 and repayment... of the water supply source are the responsibility of local governments and are not authorized...

  11. 40 CFR 30.27 - Allowable costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... NON-PROFIT ORGANIZATIONS Post-Award Requirements Financial and Program Management § 30.27 Allowable..., “Cost Principles for State and Local Governments.” The allowability of costs incurred by non-profit... organizations and those non-profit organizations listed in Attachment C to Circular A-122 is determined...

  12. 15 CFR 14.27 - Allowable costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... GRANTS AND AGREEMENTS WITH INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER EDUCATION, HOSPITALS, OTHER NON-PROFIT, AND COMMERCIAL..., Local and Indian Tribal Governments.” The allowability of costs incurred by non-profit organizations is determined in accordance with the provisions of OMB Circular A-122, “Cost Principles for...

  13. Evaluation of weekly paclitaxel, carboplatin, and cetuximab in head and neck cancer patients with incurable disease.

    PubMed

    Narveson, Lisa; Kathol, Emily; Rockey, Michelle; Henry, David; Grauer, Dennis; Neupane, Prakash

    2016-10-01

    Weekly paclitaxel, carboplatin, and cetuximab (PCC) has been found to be efficacious and well-tolerated in patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN) with good performance status (PS) when used as induction chemotherapy. Use of PCC in incurable SCCHN in patients with poor PS or in a non-induction setting is an area which warrants further evaluation. Current recommendations for incurable disease consist of a platinum-based regimen with fluorouracil and cetuximab. Studied in patients with PS of 0 to 1, the fluorouracil-based regimens were associated with significant toxicities. Therefore, weekly PCC may offer an appealing, less toxic alternative for incurable patients with poor PS. This retrospective analysis evaluated 41 patients with very advanced or metastatic head and neck cancer who had received PCC (paclitaxel 80 mg/m(2), carboplatin AUC 2, and a cetuximab 400 mg/m(2) loading dose, followed by 250 mg/m(2) weekly) for up to 6 cycles between April 2008 and September 2014. Maximal response achieved and progression-free survival (PFS), as well as dose intensity and adverse effects, were evaluated. Of the 41 patients evaluated, baseline PS ranged as follows: PS of 2 (41 %), PS of 1 (54 %), and PS of 0 (5 %). Patients received 2 to 6 cycles, averaging 4 cycles. Thirty-one patients (76 %) required treatment to be held, delayed or dose reduced, most commonly for hematologic toxicities. Grades 3/4 neutropenia occurred in 16 patients (39 %), grades 1/2 neutropenia in 12 patients (29 %), with grades 3/4 thrombocytopenia in 1 patient (2 %), and grades 1/2 thrombocytopenia in 2 patients (4 %). No patients developed febrile neutropenia or required hospitalization due to treatment. Partial radiographic response occurred in 15 patients (37 %), complete radiographic response in 2 patients (5 %), stable disease in 14 patients (34 %), and progression in 8 patients (20 %). PFS ranged from 1.6 to 45 months, with a median duration of 4.6

  14. Evaluation of weekly paclitaxel, carboplatin, and cetuximab in head and neck cancer patients with incurable disease.

    PubMed

    Narveson, Lisa; Kathol, Emily; Rockey, Michelle; Henry, David; Grauer, Dennis; Neupane, Prakash

    2016-10-01

    Weekly paclitaxel, carboplatin, and cetuximab (PCC) has been found to be efficacious and well-tolerated in patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN) with good performance status (PS) when used as induction chemotherapy. Use of PCC in incurable SCCHN in patients with poor PS or in a non-induction setting is an area which warrants further evaluation. Current recommendations for incurable disease consist of a platinum-based regimen with fluorouracil and cetuximab. Studied in patients with PS of 0 to 1, the fluorouracil-based regimens were associated with significant toxicities. Therefore, weekly PCC may offer an appealing, less toxic alternative for incurable patients with poor PS. This retrospective analysis evaluated 41 patients with very advanced or metastatic head and neck cancer who had received PCC (paclitaxel 80 mg/m(2), carboplatin AUC 2, and a cetuximab 400 mg/m(2) loading dose, followed by 250 mg/m(2) weekly) for up to 6 cycles between April 2008 and September 2014. Maximal response achieved and progression-free survival (PFS), as well as dose intensity and adverse effects, were evaluated. Of the 41 patients evaluated, baseline PS ranged as follows: PS of 2 (41 %), PS of 1 (54 %), and PS of 0 (5 %). Patients received 2 to 6 cycles, averaging 4 cycles. Thirty-one patients (76 %) required treatment to be held, delayed or dose reduced, most commonly for hematologic toxicities. Grades 3/4 neutropenia occurred in 16 patients (39 %), grades 1/2 neutropenia in 12 patients (29 %), with grades 3/4 thrombocytopenia in 1 patient (2 %), and grades 1/2 thrombocytopenia in 2 patients (4 %). No patients developed febrile neutropenia or required hospitalization due to treatment. Partial radiographic response occurred in 15 patients (37 %), complete radiographic response in 2 patients (5 %), stable disease in 14 patients (34 %), and progression in 8 patients (20 %). PFS ranged from 1.6 to 45 months, with a median duration of 4.6

  15. [A place for the dying? The house for incurables in the old imperial city of Regensburg].

    PubMed

    Langrieger, Hannes

    2008-01-01

    In 1821, a "House for Incurables" was established on the baths' island of the St.-Catharine's-Hospital in Regensburg. The patient registers and other administrative sources show that many incurables or terminally ill people were hospitalized and medically assisted there until their death. The choice of the persons who were to be admitted generated substantial conflict between representatives of spiritual and medical welfare. The institution was not only a house for the terminally ill. Some very old patients and patients with curable diseases also received care. Inspite of the order to care for patients with love and patience and inspite of precise hospital regulations, rooms, food, nursing and care were of poor quality and, at least occasionally, apart from the idea of care and assistance also the concept of custody seems to have been operating. In the middle of the 19th century, the owner of the building, the council of St.-Catharine's-Hospital, demanded its evacuation. An adequate substitute could neither be built nor found. Finally, it moved into a noble looking baroque suburbian villa, which had been used as a restaurant. The new building left much to be desired. In the end, the institution was changed into an almshouse for the elderly. PMID:19230369

  16. Interlaboratory comparison of methods for the determination of incurred tilmicosin residues in bovine liver.

    PubMed

    Clark, Susan B; O'Rangers, John J; Rowe, W Douglas; Madson, Mark R; Hurlbut, Jeffrey A; Sofos, John N; Fuerst, Brenda; James, Glenda; Griffith, Sydney; Readnour, Robin S

    2002-01-01

    The objective of this study was to compare 2 methods for the determination of tilmicosin residues in bovine liver samples. Three laboratories participated in the comparison of the 2 methods. The first method was described in a New Animal Drug Application (NADA 140-929), and the second was a modification of that method in which hexane was substituted for carbon tetrachloride in one cleanup step. Each of the 3 laboratories analyzed subsamples of 10 bovine livers containing incurred tilmicosin. Residues ranged from 2.3 to 81 ppm tilmicosin in the 10 liver samples with an 11.8% relative standard deviation obtained by using both methods. In addition, fortified-control liver tissue samples were analyzed concurrently with tissues containing incurred residues by using the modified method in one of the laboratories. The fortification levels ranged from 0.3 to 112 ppm, with recoveries ranging from 76 to 92%. The results from the 3 laboratories were comparable, indicating that the modified method was not only as effective as the original NADA method, but also more desirable because of the change to a less hazardous solvent.

  17. A cost analysis of family planning in Bangladesh.

    PubMed

    Fiedler, J L; Day, L M

    1997-01-01

    This article presents a step-down cost analysis using secondary data sources from 26 Bangladesh non-government organizations (NGOs) providing family planning services under a US Agency for International Development-funded umbrella organization. The unit costs of the NGOs' Maternal-Child Health (MCH) clinics and community-based distribution (CBD) systems were calculated and found to be minimally different. Several simulations were conducted to investigate the impact of alternative cost-reduction measures. The more general financial analysis proved more insightful than the unit cost analysis in terms of identifying means by which to improve the efficiency of the family planning operations of these NGOs. The analysis revealed that 56 per cent of total expenditures in the two-tiered umbrella's organizational structure are incurred in management operations and overheads. Of the remaining 44 per cent of project expenditures, 39 per cent is spent on the CBD program and 5 per cent on the MCH clinics. Within the CBD program, most resources are spent providing 4 million contacts (two-thirds of the annual total) which do not involve contraceptive re-supply. The clinics devote more resources to providing MCH services than to providing family planning services. The findings suggest that significant savings could be generated by containing administrative costs, improving operational efficiency, and reducing unnecessary or redundant fieldworker contacts. The magnitude of the potential savings raises a fundamental question about the continued viability and sustainability of this supply-driven CBD strategy.

  18. EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) evaluation of the HYDRO-VAC device under Section 511 of the Motor Vehicle Information and Cost Savings Act. Technical report

    SciTech Connect

    Syria, S.L.

    1983-08-01

    This document announces the conclusions of the EPA evaluation of the HYDRO-VAC device under section 511 of the Motor Vehicle Information and Cost Savings Act. The evaluation of the HYDRO-VAC device was conducted upon the application of the manufacturer. The product is claimed to improved fuel economy and performance for both gasoline and diesel fueled vehicles.

  19. 41 CFR 102-33.205 - When we use our aircraft to support other executive agencies, must we recover the operating costs?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Aircraft and Aircraft Parts Accounting for the Cost of Government Aircraft § 102-33.205 When we use our... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false When we use our aircraft....205 Public Contracts and Property Management Federal Property Management Regulations System...

  20. Economic costs of diabetes in Saudi Arabia

    PubMed Central

    Alhowaish, Abdulkarim K.

    2013-01-01

    Background: Diabetes imposes a large economic burden on the individual, national healthcare systems, and countries. Objective: To determine the economic impact of diabetes mellitus on Saudi healthcare system, both now and in the future. Materials and Methods: This research study uses a prevalence-based approach that combines the demographics of the population (classified by nationality, sex and age group) with and without diagnosed diabetes in 1992 and 2010. The economic impact of diabetes is estimated in this study, using secondary sources of information provided by Ministry of Health, Ministry of Finance and Central Department of Statistics and Information databases. Results: People diagnosed with diabetes, on average, have medical healthcare expenditures that are ten times higher ($3,686 vs. $380) than what expenditures would be in the absence of diabetes. Over 96% of all medical healthcare expenditures attributed to diabetes are incurred by persons of Saudi nationality, with the remaining 4% incurred by persons of non-Saudi nationality. The population age 45-60 incurs 45% of diabetes-attributed costs, with the remaining population under age 15 incurs 3.8%, age 15-44 incurs 27.5%, and age 60 and above incurs 23.8%. Conclusion: The actual national healthcare burden because of diabetes is likely to exceed the $0.87 billion estimated in this study, because it omits the indirect costs associated with diabetes, such as absenteeism, lost productivity from disease-related absenteeism, unemployment from disease-related disability, lost productivity due to early mortality by disease. The social cost of intangibles such as pain and suffering and care provided by non-paid caregivers as well as healthcare system administrative costs, cost of medications, clinician training programs, and research and infrastructure development is also omitted from this research study. Further studies are needed to confirm the present findings and to improve our understanding of economic

  1. 30 CFR 229.109 - Reimbursement for costs incurred by a State under the delegation of authority.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... authority. (a) The Department of the Interior (DOI) shall reimburse the State for 100 percent of the direct... maintain books and records in accordance with the standards established by the DOI and will provide the...

  2. 42 CFR 412.105 - Special treatment: Hospitals that incur indirect costs for graduate medical education programs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... otherwise countable under this section used for outpatient observation services, skilled nursing swing-bed... organizations listed in § 415.152 of this chapter. (B) May count towards certification of the participant in a...: For Federal Register citations affecting § 412.105, see the List of CFR Sections Affected,...

  3. 42 CFR 412.105 - Special treatment: Hospitals that incur indirect costs for graduate medical education programs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... otherwise countable under this section used for outpatient observation services, skilled nursing swing-bed... count towards certification of the participant in a specialty or subspecialty listed in the current...: For Federal Register citations affecting § 412.105, see the List of CFR Sections Affected,...

  4. 42 CFR 412.105 - Special treatment: Hospitals that incur indirect costs for graduate medical education programs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... otherwise countable under this section used for outpatient observation services, skilled nursing swing-bed... organizations listed in § 415.152 of this chapter. (B) May count towards certification of the participant in a...: For Federal Register citations affecting § 412.105, see the List of CFR Sections Affected,...

  5. 42 CFR 412.105 - Special treatment: Hospitals that incur indirect costs for graduate medical education programs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...: For Federal Register citations affecting § 412.105, see the List of CFR Sections Affected, which... upon an accreditation standard that requires an entity to perform an induced abortion or require, provide, or refer for training in the performance of induced abortions, or make arrangements for...

  6. Report to the United States Congress on radionuclides in drinking water: Multimedia risk and cost assessment of radon in drinking water. Draft report

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1993-07-15

    EPA prepared the report in response to the Congressional mandate in Public Law 102-389 (the Chafee-Lautenberg Amendment to EPA's Appropriation Bill, enacted October 6, 1992) which directs the Administrator of the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to report to Congress on EPA's findings regarding the risks of human exposure to radon, the costs for controlling or mitigating that exposure, and the risks posed by treating water to remove radon. The Chafee-Lautenberg Amendment called for an explicit multimedia comparison of the risks from radon in indoor air and drinking water. Congress placed the requirement on the Agency because of the concern voiced in the United States over the costs to be incurred by public water systems in the control of radon in drinking water while a larger threat from indoor air was not being addressed except through voluntary measures. Amendments to the Safe Drinking Water Act in 1986 called for the regulation of radon in drinking water.

  7. A Resource Cost Aware Cumulative

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Simonis, Helmut; Hadzic, Tarik

    We motivate and introduce an extension of the well-known cumulative constraint which deals with time and volume dependent cost of resources. Our research is primarily interested in scheduling problems under time and volume variable electricity costs, but the constraint equally applies to manpower scheduling when hourly rates differ over time and/or extra personnel incur higher hourly rates. We present a number of possible lower bounds on the cost, including a min-cost flow, different LP and MIP models, as well as greedy algorithms, and provide a theoretical and experimental comparison of the different methods.

  8. Wireless data communication alternatives for small public safety agencies: how one community cost-effectively solved its expanding field data requirements

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Canning, Ryan M.; Lefebvre, Eric

    2005-06-01

    A growing number of Public Safety agencies have begun leveraging wireless data communication technology to improve tactical response capabilities as well as overall productivity. For years police departments subscribed to CDPD (Cellular Digital Packet Data) services to provide officers with basic dispatch data and criminal database access. Now as cellular carriers have deactivated CDPD and shifted to 2.5G and 3G data services such as 1xRTT, GPRS and EDGE, police departments are scrambling to fill the void. Not surprisingly, the extraordinary investments cellular carriers made to upgrade their infrastructures have been transferred to the customer, with monthly fees running as high as $80 a month per user. It's no wonder public safety agencies have been reluctant to adopt these services. Lost in the fray are those smaller police departments which account for nearly 90% of the nation's total. This group has increasingly sought out alternative data communication solutions that are not predicated on budget-busting monthly access fees. One such example is the Marco Island Police Department (MIPD) in Southwestern Florida that received a Federal grant to augment its existing voice communications with data. After evaluating several different technologies and vendors, MIPD chose a 900 MHz ad hoc mesh network solution based on its ability to provide reliable, high-speed and secure IP-based data communications over extensive distances. This paper will discuss technical details of Marco Island's mobile mesh network implementation; including: coverage area with 900 MHz spread spectrum radios, strategic repeater tower placement, interference, throughput performance, and the necessity for application-persistence software.

  9. 26 CFR 1.181-1T - Deduction for qualified film and television production costs (temporary).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... production cost incurred in connection with first-unit principal photography for the production is incurred in connection with first-unit principal photography that takes place in such areas; or (B) At least 50 percent of the total number of days of first-unit principal photography for the...

  10. 26 CFR 1.181-1 - Deduction for qualified film and television production costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... production costs paid or incurred in connection with first-unit principal photography for the production are paid or incurred in connection with first-unit principal photography that takes place in such areas; or (B) At least 50 percent of the total number of days of first-unit principal photography for...

  11. 26 CFR 1.181-1 - Deduction for qualified film and television production costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... costs paid or incurred in connection with first-unit principal photography for the production are paid or incurred in connection with first-unit principal photography that takes place in such areas; or (B) At least 50 percent of the total number of days of first-unit principal photography for...

  12. 26 CFR 1.181-1 - Deduction for qualified film and television production costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... costs paid or incurred in connection with first-unit principal photography for the production are paid or incurred in connection with first-unit principal photography that takes place in such areas; or (B) At least 50 percent of the total number of days of first-unit principal photography for...

  13. Debris Flow Damage Incurred to Buildings: An In-Situ Back Analysis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jalayer, Fatemeh; Aronica, Giuseppe T.; Recupero, Antonino; Carozza, Stefano; Manfredi, Gaetano

    2016-04-01

    The flash-flood debris event of the October 1st 2009 in the area of Messina, Sicily, Italy has led to loss of life and significant damage to the constructed environment. Focusing the attention on an eighteenth masonry building (damaged and upgraded after the Messina-Reggio Calabria Earthquake of 1906) located in the village of Scaletta Zanclea, we have strived to reconstruct analytically the damages incurred to this building due to the debris flow event of 2009. In order to re-construct the damages incurred to the building due to the flash flood/debris flow event, hydrostatic and hydrodynamic force envelopes, calculated via a 2D hydrodynamic finite element model specifically designed for debris flow spatial propagation, have been applied to the building in question (assuming perfect coherence between static and dynamic maxima). The hydrograph for the solid discharge is then estimated by scaling up the liquid volume to the estimated debris volume. The hydrodynamic model used for the debris flow propagation proved to be well suited for these specific applications. The debris flow diffusion is simulated by solving the differential equations for a single-phase 2D flow employing triangular mesh elements, taking into account also the channeling of the flow through the building. The damage to the building is modeled, based on the maximum hydraulic actions caused by the debris flow, using 2D finite shell elements, modeling the boundary conditions provided by the openings, floor slab, orthogonal wall panels and the foundation. The finite element approach showed its capability in describing the complex geometries of the urban environments as the distributed nature of the 2D code allows to derive a reliable spatial distribution of debris flow actions. The reconstruction of the event and the damages to the case-study building confirms the location of the damages induced by the event.

  14. EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) evaluation of the Cyclone-Z device under Section 511 of the Motor Vehicle Information and Cost Savings Act. Technical report

    SciTech Connect

    Syria, S.L.

    1983-01-01

    This document announces the conclusions of the EPA evaluation of the Cyclone-Z device under the provisions of Section 511 of the Motor Vehicle Information and Cost Savings Act. The evaluation of the Cyclone-Z device was conducted upon receiving an application from the marketer. The device is claimed to improve fuel economy and driveability and to reduce exhaust emissions. EPA fully considered all of the information submitted by the applicant. The evaluation of the Cyclone-Z device was based on that information, EPA's engineering judgement, and its experience with other air bleed devices.

  15. EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) evaluation of the P. S. C. U. 01 device under section 511 of the Motor Vehicle Information and Cost Savings Act. Technical report

    SciTech Connect

    Syria, S.L.

    1983-08-01

    This document announces the conclusions of the EPA evaluation of the 'P.S.C.U. 01' device under the provisions of Section 511 of the Motor Vehicle Information and Cost Savings Act. The evaluation of the P.S.C.U. 01 was conducted upon the application of Dutch Pacific, Incorporated. The device is comprised of several mechanical and electrical components and is intended to generate steam and deliver it to the combustion chamber via an inline catalyst. The device is claimed to improve fuel economy and to reduce exhaust emissions. The P.S.C.U. 01 is classified by EPA as a Vapor bleed device.

  16. 48 CFR 2152.231-70 - Accounting and allowable cost.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... allowable cost. As prescribed in 2131.270, insert the following clause: Accounting and Allowable Cost (OCT... cost; (ii) Incurred with proper justification and accounting support; (iii) Determined in accordance... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Accounting and...

  17. 31 CFR 101.5 - Payment of smelting costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Payment of smelting costs. 101.5 Section 101.5 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance MONETARY OFFICES... costs. The petitioner shall be required to pay all reasonable costs incurred in extracting the...

  18. 28 CFR 100.14 - Directly allocable costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... the benefits accruing to the multiple cost objectives. (6) The base period for allocating allocable... incurred for the same purpose in like circumstances have been included as a direct cost of that, or any... of the benefits accruing to the multiple cost objectives. (ii) Similarly, the particular case...

  19. 48 CFR 31.205-31 - Plant reconversion costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Plant reconversion costs. 31.205-31 Section 31.205-31 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION... Organizations 31.205-31 Plant reconversion costs. Plant reconversion costs are those incurred in restoring...

  20. 48 CFR 31.205-31 - Plant reconversion costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Plant reconversion costs. 31.205-31 Section 31.205-31 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION... Organizations 31.205-31 Plant reconversion costs. Plant reconversion costs are those incurred in restoring...

  1. 2 CFR 200.457 - Plant and security costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 2 Grants and Agreements 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Plant and security costs. 200.457 Section... Cost § 200.457 Plant and security costs. Necessary and reasonable expenses incurred for routine and.... Capital expenditures for plant security purposes are subject to § 200.439 Equipment and other...

  2. 48 CFR 31.205-30 - Patent costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Patent costs. 31.205-30....205-30 Patent costs. (a) The following patent costs are allowable to the extent that they are incurred... patent application where title or royalty-free license is to be conveyed to the Government. (b)...

  3. 48 CFR 31.205-30 - Patent costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Patent costs. 31.205-30....205-30 Patent costs. (a) The following patent costs are allowable to the extent that they are incurred... patent application where title or royalty-free license is to be conveyed to the Government. (b)...

  4. 48 CFR 31.205-30 - Patent costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Patent costs. 31.205-30....205-30 Patent costs. (a) The following patent costs are allowable to the extent that they are incurred... patent application where title or royalty-free license is to be conveyed to the Government. (b)...

  5. 48 CFR 31.205-30 - Patent costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Patent costs. 31.205-30....205-30 Patent costs. (a) The following patent costs are allowable to the extent that they are incurred... patent application where title or royalty-free license is to be conveyed to the Government. (b)...

  6. 48 CFR 31.205-30 - Patent costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Patent costs. 31.205-30....205-30 Patent costs. (a) The following patent costs are allowable to the extent that they are incurred... patent application where title or royalty-free license is to be conveyed to the Government. (b)...

  7. 32 CFR 3.6 - Limitations on cost-sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... THAN CONTRACTS, GRANTS, OR COOPERATIVE AGREEMENTS FOR PROTOTYPE PROJECTS § 3.6 Limitations on cost... prototype project and cost-sharing is the reason for using OT authority, then the non-Federal amounts... the OT agreement becomes effective. Costs that were incurred for a prototype project by the...

  8. 32 CFR 3.6 - Limitations on cost-sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... THAN CONTRACTS, GRANTS, OR COOPERATIVE AGREEMENTS FOR PROTOTYPE PROJECTS § 3.6 Limitations on cost... prototype project and cost-sharing is the reason for using OT authority, then the non-Federal amounts... the OT agreement becomes effective. Costs that were incurred for a prototype project by the...

  9. 32 CFR 3.6 - Limitations on cost-sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... THAN CONTRACTS, GRANTS, OR COOPERATIVE AGREEMENTS FOR PROTOTYPE PROJECTS § 3.6 Limitations on cost... prototype project and cost-sharing is the reason for using OT authority, then the non-Federal amounts... the OT agreement becomes effective. Costs that were incurred for a prototype project by the...

  10. 32 CFR 3.6 - Limitations on cost-sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... THAN CONTRACTS, GRANTS, OR COOPERATIVE AGREEMENTS FOR PROTOTYPE PROJECTS § 3.6 Limitations on cost... prototype project and cost-sharing is the reason for using OT authority, then the non-Federal amounts... the OT agreement becomes effective. Costs that were incurred for a prototype project by the...

  11. 20 CFR 627.445 - Limitations on certain costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... title II-C programs. (3) The title II-B administrative cost limitation of 15 percent shall be 15 percent... (a) and (b) of this section (section 161(b)). (d) Administrative costs incurred by a community-based... shall establish a system to regularly assess compliance with the cost limitations including...

  12. 45 CFR 63.18 - Limitations on costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... costs. The amount of the award shall be set forth in the grant award document. The total cost to the Government will not exceed the amount set forth in the grant award document or any modification thereof.... The Government shall not be obligated to reimburse the grantee for costs incurred in excess of...

  13. 48 CFR 52.230-3 - Disclosure and Consistency of Cost Accounting Practices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ..., Consistency in Allocating Costs Incurred for the Same Purpose; 48 CFR 9904.405, Accounting for Unallowable Costs; and 48 CFR 9904.406, Cost Accounting Standard-Cost Accounting Period, in effect on the date of... cost accounting practice and the Contracting Officer has made the finding required in 48 CFR......

  14. 48 CFR 52.230-3 - Disclosure and Consistency of Cost Accounting Practices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ..., Consistency in Allocating Costs Incurred for the Same Purpose; 48 CFR 9904.405, Accounting for Unallowable Costs; and 48 CFR 9904.406, Cost Accounting Standard-Cost Accounting Period, in effect on the date of... cost accounting practice and the Contracting Officer has made the finding required in 48 CFR......

  15. 48 CFR 52.230-3 - Disclosure and Consistency of Cost Accounting Practices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ..., Consistency in Allocating Costs Incurred for the Same Purpose; 48 CFR 9904.405, Accounting for Unallowable Costs; and 48 CFR 9904.406, Cost Accounting Standard-Cost Accounting Period, in effect on the date of... cost accounting practice and the Contracting Officer has made the finding required in 48 CFR......

  16. 48 CFR 52.230-3 - Disclosure and Consistency of Cost Accounting Practices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ..., Consistency in Allocating Costs Incurred for the Same Purpose; 48 CFR 9904.405, Accounting for Unallowable Costs; and 48 CFR 9904.406, Cost Accounting Standard-Cost Accounting Period, in effect on the date of... cost accounting practice and the Contracting Officer has made the finding required in 48 CFR......

  17. 48 CFR 52.230-3 - Disclosure and Consistency of Cost Accounting Practices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ..., Consistency in Allocating Costs Incurred for the Same Purpose; 48 CFR 9904.405, Accounting for Unallowable Costs; and 48 CFR 9904.406, Cost Accounting Standard-Cost Accounting Period, in effect on the date of... cost accounting practice and the Contracting Officer has made the finding required in 48 CFR......

  18. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) evaluation of the Super-Mag Fuel Extender under Section 511 of the Motor Vehicle Information and Cost Savings Act. Technical report

    SciTech Connect

    Ashby, H.A.

    1982-01-01

    This document announces the conclusions of the EPA evaluation of the 'Super-Mag Fuel Extender' device under provisions of Section 511 of the Motor Vehicle Information and Cost Savings Act. On December 10, 1980, the EPA received a written request from the Metropolitan Denver District Attorney's Office of Consumer Fraud and Economic Crime to test at least one 'cow magnet' type of fuel economy device. Following a survey of devices being marketed, the Metropolitan Denver District Attorney's Office selected the 'Super-Mag' device as typical of its category and on April 13, 1981 provided EPA with units for testing. The EPA evaluation of the device using three vehicles showed neither fuel economy nor exhaust emissions were affected by the installation of the 'Super-Mag' device. In addition, any differences between baseline test results and results from tests with the device installed were within the range of normal test variability.

  19. Estimating the administrative cost of regulatory noncompliance: a pilot method for quantifying the value of prevention.

    PubMed

    Emery, R J; Charlton, M A; Mathis, J L

    2000-05-01

    Routine regulatory inspections provide a valuable independent quality assurance review of radiation protection programs that ultimately serves to improve overall program performance. But when an item of non-compliance is noted, regardless of its significance or severity the ensuing notice of violation (NOV) results in an added cost to both the permit holder and the regulatory authority. Such added costs may be tangible, in the form of added work to process and resolve the NOV, or intangible, in the form of damage to organizational reputation or worker morale. If the portion of the tangible costs incurred by a regulatory agency for issuing NOVs could be quantified, the analysis could aid in the identification of agency resources that might be dedicated to other areas such as prevention. Ideally, any prevention activities would reduce the overall number of NOVs issued without impacting the routine inspection process. In this study, the administrative costs of NOV issuance and resolution was estimated by obtaining data from the professional staff of the Texas Department of Health, Bureau of Radiation Control (TDH-BRC). Based a focus group model, the data indicate that approximately $106,000 in TDH-BRC personnel resources were expended to process and resolve the 6,800 NOVs issued in Texas during 1997 inspection activities. The study's findings imply that an incremental decrease in the number of NOVs issued would result in corresponding savings of agency resources. Suggested prevention activities that might be financed through any resource savings include the dissemination of common violation data to permit holders or training for improving correspondence with regulatory agencies. The significance of this exercise is that any savings experienced by an agency could enhance permittee compliance without impacting the routine inspection process.

  20. Costs of Physician-Hospital Integration.

    PubMed

    Cho, Na-Eun

    2015-10-01

    Given that the enactment of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010 is expected to generate forces toward physician-hospital integration, this study examined an understudied, albeit important, area of costs incurred in physician-hospital integration. Such costs were analyzed through 24 semi-structured interviews with physicians and hospital administrators in a multiple-case, inductive study. Two extreme types of physician-hospital arrangements were examined: an employed model (ie, integrated salary model, a group of physicians integrated by a hospital system) and a private practice (ie, a physician or group of physicians who are independent of economic or policy control). Interviews noted that integration leads to 3 evident costs, namely, monitoring, coordination, and cooperation costs. Improving our understanding of the kinds of costs that are incurred after physician-hospital integration will help hospitals and physicians to avoid common failures after integration. PMID:26496300

  1. Costs of Physician-Hospital Integration

    PubMed Central

    Cho, Na-Eun

    2015-01-01

    Abstract Given that the enactment of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010 is expected to generate forces toward physician-hospital integration, this study examined an understudied, albeit important, area of costs incurred in physician-hospital integration. Such costs were analyzed through 24 semi-structured interviews with physicians and hospital administrators in a multiple-case, inductive study. Two extreme types of physician-hospital arrangements were examined: an employed model (ie, integrated salary model, a group of physicians integrated by a hospital system) and a private practice (ie, a physician or group of physicians who are independent of economic or policy control). Interviews noted that integration leads to 3 evident costs, namely, monitoring, coordination, and cooperation costs. Improving our understanding of the kinds of costs that are incurred after physician-hospital integration will help hospitals and physicians to avoid common failures after integration. PMID:26496300

  2. Books or Guards? Charter School Security Costs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    DeAngelis, Karen J.; Brent, Brian O.

    2012-01-01

    Little is known about the costs charter schools incur to foster security--a vexing phenomenon when one considers policymakers' and parents' seemingly high and growing want for school safety. Using data from the National Center for Education Statistics and Texas, we reveal how much charter schools spend on security, how they put these resources to…

  3. 10 CFR 765.11 - Reimbursable costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY REIMBURSEMENT FOR COSTS OF REMEDIAL ACTION AT ACTIVE URANIUM AND THORIUM PROCESSING... uranium processing site licensees shall not exceed $6.25, as adjusted for inflation, multiplied by the... remedial action incurred at all active uranium processing sites shall not exceed $350 million....

  4. 10 CFR 765.11 - Reimbursable costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY REIMBURSEMENT FOR COSTS OF REMEDIAL ACTION AT ACTIVE URANIUM AND THORIUM PROCESSING... uranium processing site licensees shall not exceed $6.25, as adjusted for inflation, multiplied by the... remedial action incurred at all active uranium processing sites shall not exceed $350 million....

  5. 10 CFR 765.11 - Reimbursable costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY REIMBURSEMENT FOR COSTS OF REMEDIAL ACTION AT ACTIVE URANIUM AND THORIUM PROCESSING... uranium processing site licensees shall not exceed $6.25, as adjusted for inflation, multiplied by the... remedial action incurred at all active uranium processing sites shall not exceed $350 million....

  6. 10 CFR 765.11 - Reimbursable costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY REIMBURSEMENT FOR COSTS OF REMEDIAL ACTION AT ACTIVE URANIUM AND THORIUM PROCESSING... uranium processing site licensees shall not exceed $6.25, as adjusted for inflation, multiplied by the... remedial action incurred at all active uranium processing sites shall not exceed $350 million....

  7. 10 CFR 765.11 - Reimbursable costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY REIMBURSEMENT FOR COSTS OF REMEDIAL ACTION AT ACTIVE URANIUM AND THORIUM PROCESSING... uranium processing site licensees shall not exceed $6.25, as adjusted for inflation, multiplied by the... remedial action incurred at all active uranium processing sites shall not exceed $350 million....

  8. 38 CFR 49.27 - Allowable costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... NON-PROFIT ORGANIZATIONS Post-Award Requirements Financial and Program Management § 49.27 Allowable... for State, Local, and Indian Tribal Governments.” The allowability of costs incurred by non-profit... organizations and those non-profit organizations listed in Attachment C to Circular A-122 is determined...

  9. 41 CFR 302-3.421 - What are the income tax consequences when my agency pays for property management services?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 4 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false What are the income tax... § 302-3.421 What are the income tax consequences when my agency pays for property management services... and local income taxes you incur on the expenses your agency pays. Note to § 302-3.421: You may...

  10. 41 CFR 302-3.421 - What are the income tax consequences if my agency pays for property management services?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 4 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false What are the income tax... § 302-3.421 What are the income tax consequences if my agency pays for property management services... and local income taxes you incur on the expenses your agency pays. Note to § 302-3.421: You may...

  11. 41 CFR 302-3.421 - What are the income tax consequences if my agency pays for property management services?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 4 2013-07-01 2012-07-01 true What are the income tax... § 302-3.421 What are the income tax consequences if my agency pays for property management services... and local income taxes you incur on the expenses your agency pays. Note to § 302-3.421: You may...

  12. 41 CFR 302-3.421 - What are the income tax consequences if my agency pays for property management services?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 4 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false What are the income tax... § 302-3.421 What are the income tax consequences if my agency pays for property management services... and local income taxes you incur on the expenses your agency pays. Note to § 302-3.421: You may...

  13. Cost model for biobanks.

    PubMed

    Gonzalez-Sanchez, M Beatriz; Lopez-Valeiras, Ernesto; Morente, Manuel M; Fernández Lago, Orlando

    2013-10-01

    Current economic conditions and budget constraints in publicly funded biomedical research have brought about a renewed interest in analyzing the cost and economic viability of research infrastructures. However, there are no proposals for specific cost accounting models for these types of organizations in the international scientific literature. The aim of this paper is to present the basis of a cost analysis model useful for any biobank regardless of the human biological samples that it stores for biomedical research. The development of a unique cost model for biobanks can be a complicated task due to the diversity of the biological samples they store. Different types of samples (DNA, tumor tissues, blood, serum, etc.) require different production processes. Nonetheless, the common basic steps of the production process can be identified. Thus, the costs incurred in each step can be analyzed in detail to provide cost information. Six stages and four cost objects were obtained by taking the production processes of biobanks belonging to the Spanish National Biobank Network as a starting point. Templates and examples are provided to help managers to identify and classify the costs involved in their own biobanks to implement the model. The application of this methodology will provide accurate information on cost objects, along with useful information to give an economic value to the stored samples, to analyze the efficiency of the production process and to evaluate the viability of some sample collections.

  14. Cost model for biobanks.

    PubMed

    Gonzalez-Sanchez, M Beatriz; Lopez-Valeiras, Ernesto; Morente, Manuel M; Fernández Lago, Orlando

    2013-10-01

    Current economic conditions and budget constraints in publicly funded biomedical research have brought about a renewed interest in analyzing the cost and economic viability of research infrastructures. However, there are no proposals for specific cost accounting models for these types of organizations in the international scientific literature. The aim of this paper is to present the basis of a cost analysis model useful for any biobank regardless of the human biological samples that it stores for biomedical research. The development of a unique cost model for biobanks can be a complicated task due to the diversity of the biological samples they store. Different types of samples (DNA, tumor tissues, blood, serum, etc.) require different production processes. Nonetheless, the common basic steps of the production process can be identified. Thus, the costs incurred in each step can be analyzed in detail to provide cost information. Six stages and four cost objects were obtained by taking the production processes of biobanks belonging to the Spanish National Biobank Network as a starting point. Templates and examples are provided to help managers to identify and classify the costs involved in their own biobanks to implement the model. The application of this methodology will provide accurate information on cost objects, along with useful information to give an economic value to the stored samples, to analyze the efficiency of the production process and to evaluate the viability of some sample collections. PMID:24835258

  15. Costs of dispersal.

    PubMed

    Bonte, Dries; Van Dyck, Hans; Bullock, James M; Coulon, Aurélie; Delgado, Maria; Gibbs, Melanie; Lehouck, Valerie; Matthysen, Erik; Mustin, Karin; Saastamoinen, Marjo; Schtickzelle, Nicolas; Stevens, Virginie M; Vandewoestijne, Sofie; Baguette, Michel; Barton, Kamil; Benton, Tim G; Chaput-Bardy, Audrey; Clobert, Jean; Dytham, Calvin; Hovestadt, Thomas; Meier, Christoph M; Palmer, Steve C F; Turlure, Camille; Travis, Justin M J

    2012-05-01

    Dispersal costs can be classified into energetic, time, risk and opportunity costs and may be levied directly or deferred during departure, transfer and settlement. They may equally be incurred during life stages before the actual dispersal event through investments in special morphologies. Because costs will eventually determine the performance of dispersing individuals and the evolution of dispersal, we here provide an extensive review on the different cost types that occur during dispersal in a wide array of organisms, ranging from micro-organisms to plants, invertebrates and vertebrates. In general, costs of transfer have been more widely documented in actively dispersing organisms, in contrast to a greater focus on costs during departure and settlement in plants and animals with a passive transfer phase. Costs related to the development of specific dispersal attributes appear to be much more prominent than previously accepted. Because costs induce trade-offs, they give rise to covariation between dispersal and other life-history traits at different scales of organismal organisation. The consequences of (i) the presence and magnitude of different costs during different phases of the dispersal process, and (ii) their internal organisation through covariation with other life-history traits, are synthesised with respect to potential consequences for species conservation and the need for development of a new generation of spatial simulation models. PMID:21929715

  16. 41 CFR 301-2.3 - What standard of care must I use in incurring travel expenses?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What standard of care must I use in incurring travel expenses? 301-2.3 Section 301-2.3 Public Contracts and Property Management Federal Travel Regulation System TEMPORARY DUTY (TDY) TRAVEL ALLOWANCES INTRODUCTION...

  17. 12 CFR 221.123 - Combined credit for exercising employee stock options and paying income taxes incurred as a...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 3 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Combined credit for exercising employee stock options and paying income taxes incurred as a result of such exercise. 221.123 Section 221.123 Banks and... MARGIN STOCK (REGULATION U) Interpretations § 221.123 Combined credit for exercising employee...

  18. 12 CFR 221.123 - Combined credit for exercising employee stock options and paying income taxes incurred as a...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 3 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Combined credit for exercising employee stock options and paying income taxes incurred as a result of such exercise. 221.123 Section 221.123 Banks and... (REGULATION U) Interpretations § 221.123 Combined credit for exercising employee stock options and...

  19. 41 CFR 301-11.521 - Must I file a claim to be reimbursed for the additional income taxes incurred?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... reimbursed for the additional income taxes incurred? 301-11.521 Section 301-11.521 Public Contracts and... TRAVEL EXPENSES 11-PER DIEM EXPENSES Income Tax Reimbursement Allowance (ITRA), Tax Years 1993 and 1994 Employee Responsibilities § 301-11.521 Must I file a claim to be reimbursed for the additional income...

  20. 26 CFR 1.934-1 - Limitation on reduction in income tax liability incurred to the Virgin Islands.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 10 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Limitation on reduction in income tax liability..., DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Possessions of the United States § 1.934-1 Limitation on reduction in income tax liability incurred to the Virgin...

  1. 26 CFR 1.263A-5 - Exception for qualified creative expenses incurred by certain free-lance authors, photographers...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 3 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Exception for qualified creative expenses incurred by certain free-lance authors, photographers, and artists. 1.263A-5 Section 1.263A-5 Internal... certain free-lance authors, photographers, and artists....

  2. 26 CFR 1.263A-5 - Exception for qualified creative expenses incurred by certain free-lance authors, photographers...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Exception for qualified creative expenses incurred by certain free-lance authors, photographers, and artists. 1.263A-5 Section 1.263A-5 Internal...-lance authors, photographers, and artists....

  3. 26 CFR 1.263A-5 - Exception for qualified creative expenses incurred by certain free-lance authors, photographers...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 3 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Exception for qualified creative expenses incurred by certain free-lance authors, photographers, and artists. 1.263A-5 Section 1.263A-5 Internal... certain free-lance authors, photographers, and artists....

  4. 26 CFR 1.263A-5 - Exception for qualified creative expenses incurred by certain free-lance authors, photographers...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 3 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Exception for qualified creative expenses incurred by certain free-lance authors, photographers, and artists. 1.263A-5 Section 1.263A-5 Internal... certain free-lance authors, photographers, and artists....

  5. 26 CFR 1.263A-5 - Exception for qualified creative expenses incurred by certain free-lance authors, photographers...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 3 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Exception for qualified creative expenses incurred by certain free-lance authors, photographers, and artists. 1.263A-5 Section 1.263A-5 Internal... certain free-lance authors, photographers, and artists....

  6. 26 CFR 1.615-2 - Deduction of pre-1970 exploration expenditures in the year paid or incurred.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 7 2011-04-01 2009-04-01 true Deduction of pre-1970 exploration expenditures in the year paid or incurred. 1.615-2 Section 1.615-2 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Natural Resources § 1.615-2 Deduction of pre-1970...

  7. 75 FR 17139 - Proposed CERCLA Section 122(h) Cost Recovery Settlement for the Kentucky Avenue Wellfield...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-05

    ... York. The Settling Party agrees to pay EPA $82,000 in reimbursement of certain response costs related to the performance of the work incurred by EPA at the Site. The settlement includes a covenant by...

  8. Mechanical Characterization of Thermomechanical Matrix Residual Stresses Incurred During MMC Processing

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Castelli, Michael G.

    1998-01-01

    In recent years, much effort has been spent examining the residual stress-strain states of advanced composites. Such examinations are motivated by a number of significant concerns that affect composite development, processing, and analysis. The room-temperature residual stress states incurred in many advanced composite systems are often quite large and can introduce damage even prior to the first external mechanical loading of the material. These stresses, which are induced during the cooldown following high-temperature consolidation, result from the coefficient of thermal expansion mismatch between the fiber and matrix. Experimental techniques commonly used to evaluate composite internal residual stress states are non-mechanical in nature and generally include forms of x-ray and neutron diffraction. Such approaches are usually complex, involving a number of assumptions and limitations associated with a wide range of issues, including the depth of penetration, the volume of material being assessed, and erroneous effects associated with oriented grains. Furthermore, and more important to the present research, these techniques can assess only "single time" stress in the composite. That is, little, if any, information is obtained that addresses the time-dependent point at which internal stresses begin to accumulate, the manner in which the accumulation occurs, and the presiding relationships between thermoelastic, thermoplastic, and thermoviscous behaviors. To address these critical issues, researchers at the NASA Lewis Research Center developed and implemented an innovative mechanical test technique to examine in real time, the time-dependent thermomechanical stress behavior of a matrix alloy as it went through a consolidation cycle.

  9. 34 CFR 675.25 - Earnings applied to cost of attendance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... a FWS job to be applied to a student's cost of attendance (attributed earnings) by subtracting taxes and job related costs from the student's gross earnings. (2) Job related costs are costs the student... incurred except for the FWS employment. (b) If a student is employed under FWS during a vacation or...

  10. 42 CFR 413.186 - Payment exception: Self-dialysis training costs in pediatric facilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... NURSING FACILITIES Payment for End-Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) Services and Organ Procurement Costs § 413... pediatric ESRD facility must establish that it incurs per treatment costs for furnishing self-dialysis and... the pediatric ESRD facility's total costs, cost finding and apportionment, including its allocation...

  11. 42 CFR 413.186 - Payment exception: Self-dialysis training costs in pediatric facilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... NURSING FACILITIES Payment for End-Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) Services and Organ Procurement Costs § 413... pediatric ESRD facility must establish that it incurs per treatment costs for furnishing self-dialysis and... the pediatric ESRD facility's total costs, cost finding and apportionment, including its allocation...

  12. 42 CFR 413.186 - Payment exception: Self-dialysis training costs in pediatric facilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... NURSING FACILITIES Payment for End-Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) Services and Organ Procurement Costs § 413... pediatric ESRD facility must establish that it incurs per treatment costs for furnishing self-dialysis and... the pediatric ESRD facility's total costs, cost finding and apportionment, including its allocation...

  13. 13 CFR 120.882 - Eligible Project costs for 504 loans.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Eligible Project costs for 504... Eligible Project costs for 504 loans. Eligible Project costs which may be paid with the proceeds of 504 loans are: (a) Costs directly attributable to the Project including expenditures incurred by...

  14. How to avoid the high costs of physician turnover.

    PubMed

    Berger, J E; Boyle, R L

    1992-01-01

    Physician recruitment is a complex, time consuming and competitive activity that is costly in terms of incurred expenses, administrative and physician time and lost revenue. Judith Berger and Robert Boyle, FACMGA, describe how to develop a well-designed retention and recruitment plan to avoid such costs.

  15. 14 CFR 1274.204 - Costs and payments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... benchmarks. The milestone must represent the accomplishment of verifiable, significant event(s) and may not... agreements awarded to commercial firms are subject to the cost accounting standards and principles of 48 CFR... costs incurred by hospitals is determined in accordance with the provisions of Appendix E of 45 CFR...

  16. 14 CFR 1274.204 - Costs and payments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... benchmarks. The milestone must represent the accomplishment of verifiable, significant event(s) and may not... agreements awarded to commercial firms are subject to the cost accounting standards and principles of 48 CFR... costs incurred by hospitals is determined in accordance with the provisions of Appendix E of 45 CFR...

  17. 42 CFR 413.5 - Cost reimbursement: General.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... beginning of the program, to take account of the great differences in the present state of development of... appropriate part of the net cost of approved educational activities will be included. (2) Costs incurred for research purposes, over and above usual patient care, will not be included. (3) (4) The value of...

  18. 14 CFR 1274.204 - Costs and payments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... agreements awarded to commercial firms are subject to the cost accounting standards and principles of 48 CFR... costs incurred by hospitals is determined in accordance with the provisions of Appendix E of 45 CFR part... variety of factors. For example, while the future profitability of intellectual property may serve as...

  19. 44 CFR 80.9 - Eligible and ineligible costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... OF HOMELAND SECURITY INSURANCE AND HAZARD MITIGATION National Flood Insurance Program PROPERTY ACQUISITION AND RELOCATION FOR OPEN SPACE Requirements Prior to Award § 80.9 Eligible and ineligible costs. (a... be incurred during the open application period of the respective grant program. Costs associated...

  20. 44 CFR 80.9 - Eligible and ineligible costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... OF HOMELAND SECURITY INSURANCE AND HAZARD MITIGATION National Flood Insurance Program PROPERTY ACQUISITION AND RELOCATION FOR OPEN SPACE Requirements Prior to Award § 80.9 Eligible and ineligible costs. (a... be incurred during the open application period of the respective grant program. Costs associated...

  1. 48 CFR 12.214 - Cost Accounting Standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... actual costs incurred). See 48 CFR 30.201-1 for CAS applicability to fixed-price with economic price... prescribed in 48 CFR 30.201. ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Cost Accounting...

  2. 14 CFR 156.5 - Project cost allowability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Project cost allowability. 156.5 Section 156.5 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED... grant funds for reimbursement or funding of administrative costs incurred by the State pursuant to...

  3. 14 CFR 156.5 - Project cost allowability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Project cost allowability. 156.5 Section 156.5 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED... grant funds for reimbursement or funding of administrative costs incurred by the State pursuant to...

  4. 14 CFR 1274.204 - Costs and payments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... agreements awarded to commercial firms are subject to the cost accounting standards and principles of 48 CFR... costs incurred by hospitals is determined in accordance with the provisions of Appendix E of 45 CFR part... of such items as patent rights, data rights, trade secrets, etc., included in intellectual...

  5. Cost of Computer Searching

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chenery, Peter J.

    1973-01-01

    The program described has the primary objective of making Federally generated technology and research information available to public and private agencies. Cost analysis, data banks, and search strategies are explained. (Author/DH)

  6. 76 FR 5388 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection: Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-31

    ... non-reimbursed costs incurred in providing oral health care to patients with HIV, or to report annual... costs of oral health care provided to patients with HIV, and (5) the scope of grant recipients... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH...

  7. 45 CFR 2528.70 - What steps are necessary to use an education award to pay expenses incurred in enrolling in a G.I...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false What steps are necessary to use an education award to pay expenses incurred in enrolling in a G.I. Bill approved program? 2528.70 Section 2528.70 Public... incurred in enrolling in a G.I. Bill approved program? (a) Required Information. Before disbursing...

  8. 20 CFR 10.913 - In what situations will OWCP consider that an employee incurred injury in connection with his or...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... LABOR FEDERAL EMPLOYEES' COMPENSATION ACT CLAIMS FOR COMPENSATION UNDER THE FEDERAL EMPLOYEES... employee incurred injury in connection with his or her service with an Armed Force in a contingency... incurred injury in connection with his or her service with an Armed Force in a contingency operation?...

  9. 76 FR 34245 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Petition for Remission or Mitigation of Forfeitures and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-13

    ... Remission or Mitigation of Forfeitures and Penalties Incurred AGENCY: U.S. Customs and Border Protection... information collection requirement concerning the Petition for Remission or Mitigation of Forfeitures and... concerning the following information collection: Title: Petition for Remission or Mitigation of...

  10. Inventory-driven costs.

    PubMed

    Callioni, Gianpaolo; de Montgros, Xavier; Slagmulder, Regine; Van Wassenhove, Luk N; Wright, Linda

    2005-03-01

    In the 199os, Hewlett-Packard's PC business was struggling to turn a dollar, despite the company's success in winning market share. By 1997, margins on its PCs were as thin as a silicon wafer, and some product lines hadn't turned a profit since 1993. The problem had everything to do with the PC industry's notoriously short product cycles and brutal product and component price deflation. A common rule of thumb was that the value of a fully assembled PC decreased 1% a week. In such an environment, inventory costs become critical. But not just the inventory costs companies traditionally track, HP found, after a thorough review of the problem. The standard "holding cost of inventory"--the capital and physical costs of inventory--accounted for only about 10% of HP's inventory costs. The greater risks, it turned out, resided in four other, essentially hidden costs, which stemmed from mismatches between demand and supply: Component devaluation costs for components still held in production; Price protection costs incurred when product prices drop on the goods distributors still have on their shelves; Product return costs that have to be absorbed when distributors return and receive refunds on overstock items, and; Obsolescence costs for products still unsold when new models are introduced. By developing metrics to track those costs in a consistent way throughout the PC division, HP has found it can manage its supply chains with much more sophistication. Gone are the days of across-the-board measures such as,"Everyone must cut inventories by 20% by the end of the year," which usually resulted in a flurry of cookie-cutter lean production and just-in-time initiatives. Now, each product group is free to choose the supply chain configuration that best suits its needs. Other companies can follow HP's example.

  11. The costs of asthma.

    PubMed

    Barnes, P J; Jonsson, B; Klim, J B

    1996-04-01

    At present, asthma represents a substantial burden on health care resources in all countries so far studied. The costs of asthma are largely due to uncontrolled disease, and are likely to rise as its prevalence and severity increase. Costs could be significantly reduced if disease control is improved. A large proportion of the total cost of illness is derived from treating the consequences of poor asthma control-direct costs, such as emergency room use and hospitalizations. Indirect costs, which include time off work or school and early retirement, are incurred when the disease is not fully controlled and becomes severe enough to have an effect on daily life. In addition, quality of life assessments show that asthma has a significant socioeconomic impact, not only on the patients themselves, but on the whole family. Underuse of prescribed therapy, which includes poor compliance, significantly contributes towards the poor control of asthma. The consequences of poor compliance in asthma include increased morbidity and sometimes mortality, and increased health care expenditure. To improve asthma management, international guidelines have been introduced which recommend an increase in the use of prophylactic therapy. The resulting improvements in the control of asthma will reduce the number of hospitalizations associated with asthma, and may ultimately produce a shift within direct costs, with subsequent reductions in indirect costs. In addition, costs may be reduced by improving therapeutic interventions and through effective patient education programmes. This paper reviews current literature on the costs of asthma to assess how effectively money is spent and, by estimating the proportion of the cost attributable to uncontrolled disease, will identify where financial savings might be made. PMID:8726924

  12. Combining Epidemiologic Information Across Space Agencies

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Minard, Charles G.; Clark, April L.; Wear, Mary L.; Mason, Sara; Van Baalen, Mary

    2010-01-01

    Space flight is a very unique occupational exposure with potential hazards that are not fully understood. A limited number of individuals have experienced the exposures incurred during space flight, and epidemiologic research would benefit from shared information across space agencies. However, data sharing can be problematic due to agency protection policies for personally identifiable information as well as medical records. Compliance with these protocols in the astronaut population is particularly difficult given the small, high-profile population under study. Creativity in combining data is necessary in order to overcome these difficulties and improve statistical power in research. This study presents methods in meta-analysis that may be used to combine non-attributable data across space agencies so that meaningful conclusions may be drawn about study interests. Methods for combining epidemiologic data across space agencies are presented, and the processes are demonstrated using life-time mortality data in U.S. astronauts and Russian cosmonauts. This proof of concept was found to be an acceptable way of sharing data across agencies, and will be used in the future as more relevant research interests are identified.

  13. 77 FR 43542 - Cost Accounting Standards: Cost Accounting Standards 412 and 413-Cost Accounting Standards...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-25

    ... Harmonization Rule. The final rule was published at 76 FR 81296 on December 27, 2011. Generally, the technical... BUDGET Office of Federal Procurement Policy 48 CFR Part 9904 Cost Accounting Standards: Cost Accounting Standards 412 and 413--Cost Accounting Standards Pension Harmonization Rule AGENCY: Cost...

  14. 42 CFR 412.71 - Determination of base-year inpatient operating costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ....130 of this chapter. (3) Kidney acquisition costs incurred by hospitals approved as renal transplantation centers as described in § 412.100. Kidney acquisition costs in the base year will be determined by multiplying the hospital's average kidney acquisition cost per kidney times the number of kidney...

  15. 42 CFR 412.71 - Determination of base-year inpatient operating costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ....130 of this chapter. (3) Kidney acquisition costs incurred by hospitals approved as renal transplantation centers as described in § 412.100. Kidney acquisition costs in the base year will be determined by multiplying the hospital's average kidney acquisition cost per kidney times the number of kidney...

  16. Costing and Data Management. Development of a Simplified System for Smaller Colleges and Universities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ames, Michael D.

    1976-01-01

    A participatory process by which a useful costing and data management system was developed at Chapman College is described. The system summarizes information on instructional workloads, class sizes, and the costs per student credit hour for academic programs. Costs incurred in other areas to support each program are included. (Editor/LBH)

  17. 42 CFR 417.588 - Computation of adjusted average per capita cost (AAPCC).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Computation of adjusted average per capita cost... of adjusted average per capita cost (AAPCC). (a) Basic data. In computing the AAPCC, CMS uses the U.S. per capita incurred cost and adjusts it by the factors specified in paragraph (c) of this section...

  18. 42 CFR 417.588 - Computation of adjusted average per capita cost (AAPCC).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Computation of adjusted average per capita cost... of adjusted average per capita cost (AAPCC). (a) Basic data. In computing the AAPCC, CMS uses the U.S. per capita incurred cost and adjusts it by the factors specified in paragraph (c) of this section...

  19. 42 CFR 417.588 - Computation of adjusted average per capita cost (AAPCC).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Computation of adjusted average per capita cost... adjusted average per capita cost (AAPCC). (a) Basic data. In computing the AAPCC, CMS uses the U.S. per capita incurred cost and adjusts it by the factors specified in paragraph (c) of this section...

  20. 42 CFR 417.588 - Computation of adjusted average per capita cost (AAPCC).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Computation of adjusted average per capita cost... of adjusted average per capita cost (AAPCC). (a) Basic data. In computing the AAPCC, CMS uses the U.S. per capita incurred cost and adjusts it by the factors specified in paragraph (c) of this section...

  1. What does it cost the patient to see the doctor?

    PubMed Central

    Kernick, D P; Reinhold, D M; Netten, A

    2000-01-01

    Against a background of increasing demands on limited resources, there will be an emphasis on undertaking studies that relate benefits of an intervention to the costs that are incurred in their production. Patient costs are an important, but often overlooked, part of an economic exercise and include transport costs, loss of employment, and loss of leisure time. This paper highlights the theoretical difficulties inherent in deriving patient costs and suggests a pragmatic framework to derive unit costs in these areas. We demonstrate that these costs are not inconsiderable when compared with the cost of a general practitioner consultation. PMID:10897541

  2. Recommendations to mitigate against human health risks incurred due to energetic particle irradiation beyond low earth orbit/BLEO

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    McKenna-Lawlor, Susan; Bhardwaj, Anil; Ferrari, Franco; Kuznetsov, Nikolay; Lal, Ajay K.; Li, Yinghui; Nagamatsu, Aiko; Nymmik, Rikho; Panasyuk, Michael; Petrov, Vladislav; Reitz, Günther; Pinsky, Lawrence; Shukor, Muszaphar (Sheikh); Singhvi, Ashok K.; Straube, Ulrich; Tomi, Leena; Lawrence, Townsend

    2015-04-01

    An account is provided of the main sources of energetic particle radiation in interplanetary space (Galactic Cosmic Radiation and Solar Energetic Particles) and career dose limits presently utilized by NASA to mitigate against the cancer and non-cancer effects potentially incurred by astronauts due to irradiation by these components are presented. Certain gaps in knowledge that presently militate against mounting viable human exploration in deep space due to the inherent health risks are identified and recommendations made as to how these gaps might be closed within a framework of global international cooperation.

  3. 26 CFR 1.217-1 - Deduction for moving expenses paid or incurred in taxable years beginning before January 1, 1970.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... which moving expenses are incurred must bear a reasonable proximity both in time and place to such... absence from work, such as those due to illness, strikes, shutouts, layoffs, natural disasters, etc....

  4. 45 CFR 2528.60 - Who may use the education award to pay expenses incurred in enrolling in a G.I. Bill approved...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Who may use the education award to pay expenses incurred in enrolling in a G.I. Bill approved program? 2528.60 Section 2528.60 Public Welfare Regulations... AWARD § 2528.60 Who may use the education award to pay expenses incurred in enrolling in a G.I....

  5. 45 CFR 2528.60 - Who may use the education award to pay expenses incurred in enrolling in a G.I. Bill approved...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Who may use the education award to pay expenses incurred in enrolling in a G.I. Bill approved program? 2528.60 Section 2528.60 Public Welfare Regulations... AWARD § 2528.60 Who may use the education award to pay expenses incurred in enrolling in a G.I....

  6. 45 CFR 2528.60 - Who may use the education award to pay expenses incurred in enrolling in a G.I. Bill approved...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Who may use the education award to pay expenses incurred in enrolling in a G.I. Bill approved program? 2528.60 Section 2528.60 Public Welfare Regulations... AWARD § 2528.60 Who may use the education award to pay expenses incurred in enrolling in a G.I....

  7. An economic and legal perspective on electric utility transition costs

    SciTech Connect

    Rose, K.

    1996-07-01

    The issue of possibly unrecoverable cost incurred by a utility, or `stranded costs,` has emerged as a major obstacle to developing a competitive generation market. Stranded or transition costs are defined as costs incurred by a utility to serve its customers that were being recovered in rates but are no longer due to availability of lower-priced alternative suppliers. The idea of `stranded cost,` and more importantly arguments for its recovery, is a concept with little basis in economic theory, legal precedence, or precedence in other deregulated industries. The main argument recovery is that the ``regulatory compact`` requires it. This is based on the misconception that the regulator compact is simply: the utility incurs costs on behalf of its customers because of the ``obligation to serve`` so, therefore, customers are obligated to pay. This is a mischaracterization of what the compact was and how it developed. Another argument is that recovery is required for economic efficiency. This presumes, however, a very narrow definition of efficiency based on preventing ``uneconomic`` bypass of the utility and that utilities minimize costs. A broader definition of efficiency and the likelihood of cost inefficiencies in the industry suggest that the cost imposed on customers from inhibiting competition could exceed the gains from preventing uneconomic bypass. Both these issues are examined in this paper.

  8. Mental health care in Italy: organisational structure, routine clinical activity and costs of a community psychiatric service in Lombardy region.

    PubMed

    Fattore, G; Percudani, M; Pugnoli, C; Contini, A; Beecham, J

    2000-01-01

    The Magenta Community Mental Health Centre (CMHC) is the public agency responsible for providing adult psychiatric care to about 85,000 adult residents. In 1995, it had 1,145 clients and incurred costs of Euro 1.9 millions. Average cost per patient and per adult resident were Euro 1,661 and Euro 22.2, respectively. These values mask large variation across diagnosis: while patients with schizophrenia and related disorders had an average cost of Euro 3,771, those with neurotic and related disorders had an average cost of Euro 439. Patients with schizophrenia and related disorders (28% of the patients) absorbed about 60% of total costs and made extensive use of several types of services (hospital, outpatient, domiciliary, social and rehabilitative care). Since integrating different types of services is the key element of Italian psychiatric care, the new fee-for-service system adopted by the NHS to fund providers does not appear appropriate, particularly for schizophrenic patients.

  9. A multi-laboratory evaluation of a clinically-validated incurred quality control material for analysis of allergens in food.

    PubMed

    Johnson, Phil E; Rigby, Neil M; Dainty, Jack R; Mackie, Alan R; Immer, Ulrike U; Rogers, Adrian; Titchener, Pauline; Shoji, Masahiro; Ryan, Anne; Mata, Luis; Brown, Helen; Holzhauser, Thomas; Dumont, Valery; Wykes, Jill A; Walker, Michael; Griffin, Jon; White, Jane; Taylor, Glenn; Popping, Bert; Crevel, René; Miguel, Sonia; Lutter, Petra; Gaskin, Ferdelie; Koerner, Terry B; Clarke, Dean; Sherlock, Robin; Flanagan, Andrew; Chan, Chun-Han; Mills, E N Clare

    2014-04-01

    A dessert matrix previously used for diagnosis of food allergies was incurred with pasteurised egg white or skimmed milk powder at 3, 6, 15 and 30 mg allergen protein per kg of dessert matrix and evaluated as a quality control material for allergen analysis in a multi-laboratory trial. Analysis was performed by immunoassay using five kits each for egg and milk (based on casein) and six 'other' milk kits (five based on β-lactoglobulin and one total milk). All kits detected allergen protein at the 3 mg kg(-1) level. Based on ISO criteria only one egg kit accurately determined egg protein at 3 mg kg(-1) (p=0.62) and one milk (casein) kit accurately determined milk at 6 (p=0.54) and 15 mg kg(-1) (p=0.83), against the target value. The milk "other" kits performed least well of all the kits assessed, giving the least precise analyses. The incurred dessert material had the characteristics required for a quality control material for allergen analysis.

  10. Space Station: Delays in dealing with space debris may reduce safety and increase costs

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    1992-06-01

    The majority of NASA's current designs for protecting the space station and crew from debris are outdated and its overall debris protection strategy is insufficient. NASA's contractors have designed the station using a 1984 model of the space environment that is obsolete, significantly underestimating the increasing amount of debris that the station will encounter during its 30-year lifetime. In February 1992, NASA directed its space centers to incorporate an updated 1991 model into their designs. However, the agency has not yet made critical decisions on how to implement this change. Preliminary evaluations show that incorporating the 1991 model using currently established safety criteria could entail a major redesign of some components, with significant cost impact and schedule delays. NASA's overall protection strategy for space debris is insufficient. While NASA has concentrated its protection on shielding the space station from small debris and plans to augment this initial shielding in orbit, it has not yet developed designs or studied the cost and operational impact of augmenting its protection with additional shielding. Further, current designs do not provide the capability of warning or protecting the crew from imminent collision with mid-size debris. Finally, although some capabilities exist for maneuvering the station away from large debris, the agency lacks collision-avoidance plans and debris-tracking equipment. In developing a comprehensive strategy to protect the station from the more severe debris environment, NASA cannot avoid some difficult decisions. These decisions involve tradeoffs between how much the agency is willing to pay to protect the station, the schedule delays it may incur, and the risk to station safety it is willing to accept. It is important that these decisions be made before NASA completes its critical design reviews in early 1993. At that time key designs will be made final and manufacturing will begin. Without a comprehensive

  11. 76 FR 54747 - Proposed Agency Information Collection

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-02

    ... project financing. In order to direct strategic investments toward reducing those costs, the Agency... financing options, and planning and zoning issues as they relate to rooftop solar PV installations....

  12. How to Cut Costs by Saving School Bus Fuel.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Seiff, Hank

    A program started in Washington County, Maryland in 1980 has been successful in saving school bus fuel and bringing down transportation costs incurred by its fleet of 200 buses. Driver training and motivation, as well as a partial transfer to diesel buses, are at the heart of the program. The drivers are taught five fuel saving techniques: cut…

  13. 48 CFR 1652.216-71 - Accounting and Allowable Cost.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... MANAGEMENT FEDERAL EMPLOYEES HEALTH BENEFITS ACQUISITION REGULATION CLAUSES AND FORMS CONTRACT CLAUSES Texts... subpart 1631.2 of the Federal Employees Health Benefits Program Acquisition Regulation (FEHBAR) applicable.... Benefit costs consist of payments made and liabilities incurred for covered health care services on...

  14. 48 CFR 1652.216-71 - Accounting and Allowable Cost.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... MANAGEMENT FEDERAL EMPLOYEES HEALTH BENEFITS ACQUISITION REGULATION CLAUSES AND FORMS CONTRACT CLAUSES Texts... subpart 1631.2 of the Federal Employees Health Benefits Program Acquisition Regulation (FEHBAR) applicable.... Benefit costs consist of payments made and liabilities incurred for covered health care services on...

  15. 48 CFR 31.205-42 - Termination costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... the contractor's plans and orders for current and planned production when determining if items can... nonrecurring labor, material, and related overhead costs incurred in the early part of production and result... production due to testing and changing production methods; (iii) Training; and (iv) Lack of familiarity...

  16. 48 CFR 31.205-42 - Termination costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... the contractor's plans and orders for current and planned production when determining if items can... nonrecurring labor, material, and related overhead costs incurred in the early part of production and result... production due to testing and changing production methods; (iii) Training; and (iv) Lack of familiarity...

  17. A novel approach to reduce greenhouse energy costs

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Irradiance, temperature, and carbon dioxide (CO2) are three environmental parameters growers can control during greenhouse production to alter crop growth, quality, and timing. Significant costs are incurred every year, especially during winter and early-spring production, to heat and light the gre...

  18. 18 CFR 11.1 - Costs of administration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ..., 1995, 18 CFR 381.601 (1994), until the total of all such credits equals the filing fee that was paid... all such outstanding licenses or exemptions. (4) To enable the Commission to compute on the bill for... of bills based on the administrative costs incurred by the Commission during the year in which...

  19. 18 CFR 11.1 - Costs of administration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ..., 1995, 18 CFR 381.601 (1994), until the total of all such credits equals the filing fee that was paid... all such outstanding licenses or exemptions. (4) To enable the Commission to compute on the bill for... of bills based on the administrative costs incurred by the Commission during the year in which...

  20. 18 CFR 11.1 - Costs of administration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ..., 1995, 18 CFR 381.601 (1994), until the total of all such credits equals the filing fee that was paid... all such outstanding licenses or exemptions. (4) To enable the Commission to compute on the bill for... of bills based on the administrative costs incurred by the Commission during the year in which...

  1. Viewpoint Costs Occur during Consolidation: Evidence from the Attentional Blink

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dux, Paul E.; Harris, Irina M.

    2007-01-01

    Do the viewpoint costs incurred when naming rotated familiar objects arise during initial identification or during consolidation? To answer this question we employed an attentional blink (AB) task where two target objects appeared amongst a rapid stream of distractor objects. Our assumption was that while both targets and distractors undergo…

  2. 32 CFR 3.6 - Limitations on cost-sharing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... counted as provided, or to be provided, by the business units of an awardee or subawardee participating in... the OT agreement becomes effective. Costs that were incurred for a prototype project by the business... before the OT agreement became effective in order to ensure the successful implementation of the...

  3. 22 CFR 213.12 - Interest, penalty and administrative costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... either actual or average cost incurred, will be charged on all debts except those owed by State and local... delinquent debts unless prohibited by statute, regulation or contract. (1) Interest begins to accrue on all debts from the payment due date established in the initial notice to the debtor. USAID will assess...

  4. 40 CFR 13.11 - Interest, penalty and administrative costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... actual or average cost incurred, will be charged on all debts except those owed by State and local... assess interest on all delinquent debts unless prohibited by statute, regulation or contract. (1) Interest begins to accrue on all debts from the date of the initial notice to the debtor. EPA will...

  5. 22 CFR 213.12 - Interest, penalty and administrative costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... either actual or average cost incurred, will be charged on all debts except those owed by State and local... delinquent debts unless prohibited by statute, regulation or contract. (1) Interest begins to accrue on all debts from the payment due date established in the initial notice to the debtor. USAID will assess...

  6. 40 CFR 13.11 - Interest, penalty and administrative costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... actual or average cost incurred, will be charged on all debts except those owed by State and local... assess interest on all delinquent debts unless prohibited by statute, regulation or contract. (1) Interest begins to accrue on all debts from the date of the initial notice to the debtor. EPA will...

  7. Get the best from agency nurses.

    PubMed

    Shuldham, Caroline

    2016-08-31

    Nurses who work for agencies and on staff banks make an important contribution to patient care. However with the focus on the costs of temporary staff, particularly agency nurses in the NHS, it is easy to forget the valuable role such nurses play. PMID:27577297

  8. 40 CFR 31.22 - Allowable costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GRANTS AND OTHER FEDERAL ASSISTANCE UNIFORM... not subject to that circular 48 CFR part 31, Contract Cost Principles and Procedures, or uniform cost accounting standards that comply with cost principles acceptable to the Federal agency....

  9. 40 CFR 31.22 - Allowable costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GRANTS AND OTHER FEDERAL ASSISTANCE UNIFORM... not subject to that circular 48 CFR part 31, Contract Cost Principles and Procedures, or uniform cost accounting standards that comply with cost principles acceptable to the Federal agency....

  10. 40 CFR 31.22 - Allowable costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GRANTS AND OTHER FEDERAL ASSISTANCE UNIFORM... not subject to that circular 48 CFR part 31, Contract Cost Principles and Procedures, or uniform cost accounting standards that comply with cost principles acceptable to the Federal agency....

  11. Female Field Crickets Incur Increased Parasitism Risk When Near Preferred Song

    PubMed Central

    Martin, Cassandra M.; Wagner, William E.

    2010-01-01

    Female animals often prefer males with conspicuous traits because these males provide direct or indirect benefits. Conspicuous male traits, however, can attract predators. This not only increases the risk of predation for conspicuous males but also for the females that prefer them. In the variable field cricket, Gryllus lineaticeps, males that produce preferred song types provide females with greater material benefits, but they are also more likely to attract lethal parasitoid flies. First, we conducted a field experiment that tested the hypothesis that females have a greater risk of fly parasitism when in association with preferred high chirp rate males. Females were nearly twice as likely to be parasitized when caged with high chirp rate song than when caged with low chirp rate song. Females may thus be forced to trade off the quality of the benefits they receive from mating with preferred males and the risk of being killed by a predator when near these males. Second, we assessed female parasitism rates in a natural population. Up to 6% of the females were parasitized in field samples. Because the females we collected could have become parasitized had they not been collected, this provides a minimum estimate of the female parasitism rate in the field. In a laboratory study, we found no difference in the proportion of time parasitized and unparasitized females spent hiding under shelters; thus, differences in activity patterns do not appear to have biased our estimate of female parasitism rates. Overall, our results suggest that female association costs have the potential to shape the evolution of female mating preferences. PMID:20231888

  12. Female field crickets incur increased parasitism risk when near preferred song.

    PubMed

    Martin, Cassandra M; Wagner, William E

    2010-01-01

    Female animals often prefer males with conspicuous traits because these males provide direct or indirect benefits. Conspicuous male traits, however, can attract predators. This not only increases the risk of predation for conspicuous males but also for the females that prefer them. In the variable field cricket, Gryllus lineaticeps, males that produce preferred song types provide females with greater material benefits, but they are also more likely to attract lethal parasitoid flies. First, we conducted a field experiment that tested the hypothesis that females have a greater risk of fly parasitism when in association with preferred high chirp rate males. Females were nearly twice as likely to be parasitized when caged with high chirp rate song than when caged with low chirp rate song. Females may thus be forced to trade off the quality of the benefits they receive from mating with preferred males and the risk of being killed by a predator when near these males. Second, we assessed female parasitism rates in a natural population. Up to 6% of the females were parasitized in field samples. Because the females we collected could have become parasitized had they not been collected, this provides a minimum estimate of the female parasitism rate in the field. In a laboratory study, we found no difference in the proportion of time parasitized and unparasitized females spent hiding under shelters; thus, differences in activity patterns do not appear to have biased our estimate of female parasitism rates. Overall, our results suggest that female association costs have the potential to shape the evolution of female mating preferences. PMID:20231888

  13. The Institutional Costs and Resource Profile of Transfer Patients Into an Arthroplasty Service.

    PubMed

    Hahn, Peter; Qaderi, Ali; Jung, James; Schwarzkopf, Ran

    2015-11-01

    The decision point with inter-hospital arthroplasty patient transfers and its financial implications have not been well studied. Factors outside of complexity of medical and surgical care are believed to drive the transfer of orthopaedic patients to tertiary care centers. We compared our institutional cost and resource utilization between transfer and elective patients in need of arthroplasty care. We hypothesized that transfer patients will incur a higher direct cost and resource utilization compared to elective patients, and that socioeconomic factors will play a role in the decision of transfer. After analysis of key metrics, transfer patients at our institution did not have any significant differences in insurance types. However, they did incur a longer length of stay (p<0.0001) and incurred greater direct costs (p<0.0001) to the hospital. After analysis of key parameters, transfer patients were more complex and costly to care for compared to our in-system patients. PMID:26680407

  14. 45 CFR 1150.7 - What interest, penalty charges, and administrative costs will I have to pay on a debt owed to the...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL FOUNDATION ON THE ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES NATIONAL... costs incurred as a result of your failure to pay a debt before it becomes delinquent....

  15. 45 CFR 1150.7 - What interest, penalty charges, and administrative costs will I have to pay on a debt owed to the...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL FOUNDATION ON THE ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES NATIONAL... costs incurred as a result of your failure to pay a debt before it becomes delinquent....

  16. 32 CFR 33.22 - Allowable costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... not subject to that circular 48 CFR part 31. Contract Cost Principles and Procedures, or uniform cost accounting standards that comply with cost principles acceptable to the Federal agency. ... allowable costs) to the grantee or subgrantee. (b) Applicable cost principles. For each kind of...

  17. An Exploratory Analysis of Differential Program Costs of Selected Occupational Curricula in Selected Illinois Junior Colleges. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tomlinson, Robert M.; Rzonca, Chester S.

    This cost differential study was designed to use data collected by the Division of Vocational and Technical Education and the Illinois Junior College Board in an effort to analyze differential program costs of selected occupational curricula in six sample community colleges incurred in the fiscal year 1968-69. To be effective, a cost accounting…

  18. 45 CFR 304.21 - Federal financial participation in the costs of cooperative arrangements with courts and law...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM... normally be required to pay the cost of such fees; (2) Costs of compensation (salary and fringe benefits... judges; (4) Office-related costs, such as space, equipment, furnishings and supplies, incurred by...

  19. 45 CFR 304.21 - Federal financial participation in the costs of cooperative arrangements with courts and law...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM... normally be required to pay the cost of such fees; (2) Costs of compensation (salary and fringe benefits... judges; (4) Office-related costs, such as space, equipment, furnishings and supplies, incurred by...

  20. 45 CFR 304.21 - Federal financial participation in the costs of cooperative arrangements with courts and law...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM... normally be required to pay the cost of such fees; (2) Costs of compensation (salary and fringe benefits... judges; (4) Office-related costs, such as space, equipment, furnishings and supplies, incurred by...

  1. Costly punishment does not always increase cooperation.

    PubMed

    Wu, Jia-Jia; Zhang, Bo-Yu; Zhou, Zhen-Xing; He, Qiao-Qiao; Zheng, Xiu-Deng; Cressman, Ross; Tao, Yi

    2009-10-13

    In a pairwise interaction, an individual who uses costly punishment must pay a cost in order that the opponent incurs a cost. It has been argued that individuals will behave more cooperatively if they know that their opponent has the option of using costly punishment. We examined this hypothesis by conducting two repeated two-player Prisoner's Dilemma experiments, that differed in their payoffs associated to cooperation, with university students from Beijing as participants. In these experiments, the level of cooperation either stayed the same or actually decreased when compared with the control experiments in which costly punishment was not an option. We argue that this result is likely due to differences in cultural attitudes to cooperation and punishment based on similar experiments with university students from Boston that found cooperation did increase with costly punishment.

  2. Financial Assistance for Families with Severely Disabled Children and Transport Costs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roberts, Keri; Lawton, Dot

    1999-01-01

    Families with severely disabled children were studied to identify transport-related costs which are not fully covered by current statutory provisions, and to identify the characteristics of children who most often incur these costs. Inadequacy of statutory financial assistance was confirmed by analysis of grants from the Family Fund Trust.…

  3. 10 CFR 719.33 - What categories of costs are unallowable?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... incurred for entertainment or alcoholic beverages. See 48 CFR (FAR) 31.205-14 and 31.205-51 and 41 U.S.C... unallowable costs are contained in the cost principles at 48 CFR (FAR) part 31 and 48 CFR (DEAR) part 931...

  4. 10 CFR 719.33 - What categories of costs are unallowable?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... incurred for entertainment or alcoholic beverages. See 48 CFR (FAR) 31.205-14 and 31.205-51 and 41 U.S.C... unallowable costs are contained in the cost principles at 48 CFR (FAR) part 31 and 48 CFR (DEAR) part 931...

  5. 10 CFR 719.33 - What categories of costs are unallowable?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... incurred for entertainment or alcoholic beverages. See 48 CFR (FAR) 31.205-14 and 31.205-51 and 41 U.S.C... unallowable costs are contained in the cost principles at 48 CFR (FAR) part 31 and 48 CFR (DEAR) part 931...

  6. 10 CFR 719.33 - What categories of costs are unallowable?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... incurred for entertainment or alcoholic beverages. See 48 CFR (FAR) 31.205-14 and 31.205-51 and 41 U.S.C... unallowable costs are contained in the cost principles at 48 CFR (FAR) part 31 and 48 CFR (DEAR) part 931...

  7. 26 CFR 1.263A-1 - Uniform capitalization of costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... qualified expenditures under sections 263(c), 616(a), or 617(a). (8) Natural gas acquired for resale. Under... natural gas acquired for resale to the extent such costs would otherwise be allocable to cushion gas. (i..., section 263A applies to costs incurred by a taxpayer relating to natural gas acquired for resale to...

  8. 26 CFR 1.263A-1 - Uniform capitalization of costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... qualified expenditures under sections 263(c), 616(a), or 617(a). (8) Natural gas acquired for resale. Under... natural gas acquired for resale to the extent such costs would otherwise be allocable to cushion gas. (i..., section 263A applies to costs incurred by a taxpayer relating to natural gas acquired for resale to...

  9. The True Cost of College: The Price Students Pay for Further Education. Research Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davies, Peter; Fletcher, Mick; Munoz, Silvia; Whittaker, Martin

    2008-01-01

    This report explores the full cost to individuals of participating in further education in England and Wales--the nature and level of cost that individuals incur when they participate and the impact student financial support has on an individual's learning experience. Under taken jointly by the Learning and Skills Network and the National Union of…

  10. Cost of Children in Australia. Institute of Family Studies Working Paper No. 8.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lovering, Kerry

    This report estimates costs of feeding and clothing Australian children at a basic survival level. Detailed information is provided on the types of costs incurred by families at different income levels and with children of different ages. After a brief introduction characterizing the study and summarizing findings, discussion focuses on the…

  11. 40 CFR Appendix A to Subpart I of... - Determination of Allowable Costs

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... December 27, 1977, include a. through e. below. Alternatively, the two-thirds rule at 40 CFR 35.2116(b) may... under subpart G of 40 CFR part 33. d. The costs for establishing or using minority and women's business liaison services. e. The costs of services incurred during the building of a project to ensure that it...

  12. 10 CFR 950.23 - Claims process for payment of covered costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... of when a sponsor was scheduled to attain full power operation and expects it will incur covered... Supplementary Certifications of Covered Costs as may be necessary to receive payment under the Standby Support... incremental cost of purchasing power to meet contractual agreements, including any documentation...

  13. Evaluation of the Costs of Caring for the Senile Demented Elderly: A Pilot Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hu, Teh-wei; And Others

    1986-01-01

    Evaluated economic costs for nursing home patients and elderly living in their own homes. Using time records compiled by nurses or family members, the costs incurred annually in caring for a senile demented elderly person at home were estimated to average $11,735, and in a nursing home, $22,458. (Author/BL)

  14. Cost Allocation Plan for Interest Expense on Higher Education Facilities Bonds, Fiscal Year 2005

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ohio Board of Regents, 2006

    2006-01-01

    This document supports the Cost Allocation Plan for state costs incurred on behalf of, and in benefit to, the public higher education institutions of Ohio. Tables report a summary of recalled/refunded debt and initial adjustment of Fiscal Year 2005 interest payments for refunded debt. Attached schedules calculate the allocable interest for each…

  15. Cost Allocation Plan for Interest Expense on Higher Education Facilities Bonds, Fiscal Year 2006

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ohio Board of Regents, 2007

    2007-01-01

    This document supports the Cost Allocation Plan for state costs incurred on behalf of, and in benefit to, the public higher education institutions of Ohio. Tables report a summary of recalled/refunded debt and initial adjustment of Fiscal Year 2006 interest payments fore refunded debt. Attached schedules calculate the allocable interest for each…

  16. 42 CFR 413.130 - Introduction to capital-related costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... depreciable assets under § 413.134(f). (2) Taxes on land or depreciable assets used for patient care. (3) Leases and rentals, including license and royalty fees, for the use of depreciable assets or land, as... costs, debt discounts, and debt redemption costs, if the associated debt was incurred to acquire land...

  17. Cost accounting to determine prices: how well do prices reflect costs in the German DRG-system?

    PubMed

    Schreyögg, Jonas; Tiemann, Oliver; Busse, Reinhard

    2006-08-01

    Germany has recently introduced a system of Diagnosis Related Groups (DRGs) to engender more appropriate resource allocation. The following article describes the German DRG-system and the methodologies used to determine prices. It analyses the extent to which prices, or calculated cost weights, reflect the actual costs incurred by hospitals for their respective services. We reveal that a "compression" of DRG cost weights occurs, and that the data sample used to calculate cost weights is lacking in terms of its representativeness. Although cost data accuracy has improved over the last few years there are still a number of challenges that need to be addressed.

  18. Total cost of ownership: the role of clinical engineering.

    PubMed

    Hockel, Dale; Kintner, Michael

    2014-06-01

    Hospitals often incur substantial hidden costs associated with service agreements that they enter into with original equipment manufacturers at the time of equipment purchase. Hospitals should perform an analysis of the total cost of ownership (TCO) of their organizations' medical equipment to identify opportunities for performance improvement and savings. The findings of the TCO analysis can point to areas where clinical engineering service management can be improved through investments in technology, training, and teamwork. PMID:24968636

  19. 41 CFR 102-33.440 - Who must report CAS cost and utilization data?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... (cas) Cost and Utilization Data § 102-33.440 Who must report CAS cost and utilization data? Executive agencies, except the Armed Forces and U.S. intelligence agencies, must report CAS cost and utilization...

  20. 77 FR 38802 - Proposed CERCLA Administrative Cost Recovery Settlement; Standex International Corporation

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-29

    ... AGENCY Proposed CERCLA Administrative Cost Recovery Settlement; Standex International Corporation AGENCY... a proposed administrative settlement for recovery of past response costs concerning the Trinity... hereby given of a proposed administrative settlement for recovery of past response costs concerning...

  1. Perspectives on care and communication involving incurably ill Turkish and Moroccan patients, relatives and professionals: a systematic literature review

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Background Our aim was to obtain a clearer picture of the relevant care experiences and care perceptions of incurably ill Turkish and Moroccan patients, their relatives and professional care providers, as well as of communication and decision-making patterns at the end of life. The ultimate objective is to improve palliative care for Turkish and Moroccan immigrants in the Netherlands, by taking account of socio-cultural factors in the guidelines for palliative care. Methods A systematic literature review was undertaken. The data sources were seventeen national and international literature databases, four Dutch journals dedicated to palliative care and 37 websites of relevant national and international organizations. All the references found were checked to see whether they met the structured inclusion criteria. Inclusion was limited to publications dealing with primary empirical research on the relationship between socio-cultural factors and the health or care situation of Turkish or Moroccan patients with an oncological or incurable disease. The selection was made by first reading the titles and abstracts and subsequently the full texts. The process of deciding which studies to include was carried out by two reviewers independently. A generic appraisal instrument was applied to assess the methodological quality. Results Fifty-seven studies were found that reported findings for the countries of origin (mainly Turkey) and the immigrant host countries (mainly the Netherlands). The central themes were experiences and perceptions of family care, professional care, end-of-life care and communication. Family care is considered a duty, even when such care becomes a severe burden for the main female family caregiver in particular. Professional hospital care is preferred by many of the patients and relatives because they are looking for a cure and security. End-of-life care is strongly influenced by the continuing hope for recovery. Relatives are often quite influential in

  2. Making sense of peak load cost allocations

    SciTech Connect

    Power, T.M.

    1995-03-15

    When it comes to cost allocation, common wisdom assigns costs in proportion to class contributions to peak loads, The justification is simple: Since the equipment had to be sized to meet peak day loads, those costs should be allocated on the same basis. Many different peak allocators have been developed on this assumption: single coincident peak contribution, sum of coincident peaks, noncoincident peak, average and excess demand, peak and average demand, base and extra capacity, and so on. Such pure peak-load allocators may not be politically acceptable, but conceptually, at least, they appear to offer the only defensible approach. Nevertheless, where capacity can be added with significant economies of scale, making cost allocations in proportion to peak loads violates well-known relationships between economics and engineering. What is missing is any tracing of the way in which the peak-load design criteria actually influence the cost incurred.

  3. 7 CFR 246.5 - Selection of local agencies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... cost efficiency and cost effectiveness of the local agency in terms of both food and nutrition services... 7 Agriculture 4 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Selection of local agencies. 246.5 Section 246.5 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT...

  4. 7 CFR 246.5 - Selection of local agencies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... cost efficiency and cost effectiveness of the local agency in terms of both food and nutrition services... 7 Agriculture 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Selection of local agencies. 246.5 Section 246.5 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT...

  5. 7 CFR 246.5 - Selection of local agencies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... cost efficiency and cost effectiveness of the local agency in terms of both food and nutrition services... 7 Agriculture 4 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Selection of local agencies. 246.5 Section 246.5 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT...

  6. 7 CFR 246.5 - Selection of local agencies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... cost efficiency and cost effectiveness of the local agency in terms of both food and nutrition services... 7 Agriculture 4 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Selection of local agencies. 246.5 Section 246.5 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT...

  7. 7 CFR 246.5 - Selection of local agencies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... cost efficiency and cost effectiveness of the local agency in terms of both food and nutrition services... 7 Agriculture 4 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Selection of local agencies. 246.5 Section 246.5 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT...

  8. 39 CFR 230.25 - Who pays the costs incurred when the Office of Inspector General responds to a demand for...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... charges, and any necessary travel expenses as follows: (1) The Office of Inspector General is authorized... time expended by Office of Inspector General employees, including attorneys, to process and respond to the demand; attorney time for reviewing the demand and for legal work in connection with the...

  9. Changes of field incurred chlorpyrifos and its toxic metabolite residues in rice during food processing from-RAC-to-consumption.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Zhiyong; Jiang, Wayne W; Jian, Qiu; Song, Wencheng; Zheng, Zuntao; Wang, Donglan; Liu, Xianjin

    2015-01-01

    The objectives of this study were to determine the effects of food processing on field incurred residues levels of chlorpyrifos and its metabolite 3,5,6-Trichloro-2-pyridinol (TCP) in rice. The chlorpyrifos and TCP were found to be 1.27 and 0.093 mg kg-1 in straw and 0.41 and 0.073 mg kg-1 in grain, respectively. It is observed that the sunlight for 2 hours does not decrease the chlorpyrifos and TCP residues in grain significantly. Their residues in rice were reduced by up to 50% by hulling. The cooking reduced the chlorpyrifos and TCP in rice to undetectable level (below 0.01 mg kg-1). Processing factors (PFs) of chlorpyrifos and TCP residues in rice during food processing were similar. Various factors have impacts on the fates of chlorpyrifos and TCP residues and the important steps to reduce their residues in rice were hulling and cooking. The results can contribute to assure the consumer of a safe wholesome food supply.

  10. Monte Carlo simulation of animal-product violations incurred by air passengers at an international airport in Taiwan.

    PubMed

    Shih, Tai-Hwa; Chou, Chin-Cheng; Morley, Randall S

    2005-05-10

    Our aim was to evaluate the inspection of arriving passengers for the illegal transport of animal products through the international airport into Taiwan. Passenger-violation data were retrieved from the Bureau of Animal and Plant Health Inspection and Quarantine (BAPHIQ) in Taiwan. Monte Carlo simulations with 5000 iterations were applied to estimate the predicted violation numbers considering factors such as passenger's nationality/ethnicity, sex, and monthly statistics of violations. The results showed that Chinese-related passengers and passengers from South East Asian countries have a relatively higher potential risk for incurring violations during the period from Christmas to Chinese Lunar New Year. Most monthly estimated violation risks are significantly higher than observed violation risks in 2001 and 2002, except April, July, and August. Due to the low sensitivity of the current detection system (reflected by the higher estimated violation risks and a two-fold detection increase after the implementation of an inspection service using detector dogs), we recommend additional preventive measures be taken.

  11. Who Cares What It Costs to Dispense a Medicaid Prescription?

    PubMed Central

    Lamphere-Thorpe, Jo Ann; Johnston, William P.; Kilpatrick, Kerry E.; Norwood, G. Joseph

    1994-01-01

    Results of a 1992 Medicaid cost-of-dispensing study among North Carolina pharmacies are presented. The estimated statewide weighted average cost incurred by pharmacies to dispense a prescription was $5.37 in 1991. The variation in dispensing costs found among pharmacies of various sizes, organizational types, and locations is identified. Higher average dispensing costs were reported for large chain pharmacies and those pharmacies in urban areas. Considering the potential for expanded prescription drug benefits under a reformed health care system, the implications of the study's findings for pharmacy payment policy are discussed. PMID:10137800

  12. 20 CFR 10.902 - Does every employee's death due to injuries incurred in connection with his or her service with...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF LABOR FEDERAL EMPLOYEES' COMPENSATION ACT CLAIMS FOR COMPENSATION UNDER THE FEDERAL EMPLOYEES... incurred in connection with his or her service with an Armed Force in a contingency operation qualify for... connection with his or her service with an Armed Force in a contingency operation qualify for the...

  13. 26 CFR 1.217-1 - Deduction for moving expenses paid or incurred in taxable years beginning before January 1, 1970.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... taxpayer's former residence to his new residence by the conventional mode or modes of transportation... examples: Example 1. A is an electrician residing in New York City. Having heard of the possibility of... weeks, no deduction is allowable for moving expenses paid or incurred between New York City and...

  14. 26 CFR 1.217-1 - Deduction for moving expenses paid or incurred in taxable years beginning before January 1, 1970.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... taxpayer's former residence to his new residence by the conventional mode or modes of transportation... examples: Example 1. A is an electrician residing in New York City. Having heard of the possibility of... weeks, no deduction is allowable for moving expenses paid or incurred between New York City and...

  15. 11 CFR 9003.4 - Expenses incurred prior to the beginning of the expenditure report period or prior to receipt of...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... before the beginning of the expenditure report period, as defined at 11 CFR 9002.12, if such expenditures... provided in 11 CFR 9034.4(e)(2). (2) A candidate may incur qualified campaign expenses prior to receiving payments under 11 CFR part 9005. (b) Sources. (1) A candidate may obtain a loan which meets...

  16. 20 CFR 10.905 - If an employee incurs a covered injury in connection with his or her service with an Armed Force...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2014-04-01 2012-04-01 true If an employee incurs a covered injury in connection with his or her service with an Armed Force in a contingency operation but does not die of the... Armed Force in a contingency operation but does not die of the injury until years later, does the...

  17. 20 CFR 10.905 - If an employee incurs a covered injury in connection with his or her service with an Armed Force...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false If an employee incurs a covered injury in connection with his or her service with an Armed Force in a contingency operation but does not die of the... Armed Force in a contingency operation but does not die of the injury until years later, does the...

  18. 20 CFR 10.905 - If an employee incurs a covered injury in connection with his or her service with an Armed Force...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false If an employee incurs a covered injury in connection with his or her service with an Armed Force in a contingency operation but does not die of the... Armed Force in a contingency operation but does not die of the injury until years later, does the...

  19. 20 CFR 10.905 - If an employee incurs a covered injury in connection with his or her service with an Armed Force...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2013-04-01 2012-04-01 true If an employee incurs a covered injury in connection with his or her service with an Armed Force in a contingency operation but does not die of the... Armed Force in a contingency operation but does not die of the injury until years later, does the...

  20. 20 CFR 10.905 - If an employee incurs a covered injury in connection with his or her service with an Armed Force...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false If an employee incurs a covered injury in connection with his or her service with an Armed Force in a contingency operation but does not die of the... Armed Force in a contingency operation but does not die of the injury until years later, does the...

  1. 26 CFR 1.217-1 - Deduction for moving expenses paid or incurred in taxable years beginning before January 1, 1970.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...) all computations are to be made on the basis of a straight-line measurement. (3) Principal place of... effects. The deduction allowable under this section is only for expenses incurred after December 31, 1963... effects from the taxpayer's former residence to his new residence, and (ii) of traveling (including...

  2. When there Seem to be No Predetermining Factors: Early Child and Proximal Family Risk Predicting Externalizing Behavior in Young Children Incurring No Distal Family Risk

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roskam, I.; Meunier, J.-C.; Stievenart, M.; Noel, M.-P.

    2013-01-01

    The main objective of the current study was to examine the impact of two child risk factors, i.e. personality and inhibition, and two proximal family risk factors, i.e. parenting and attachment, and the impact of their cumulative effect on later externalizing behavior among young children incurring no distal family risk. Data were collected in a…

  3. 26 CFR 1.263(a)-5 - Amounts paid or incurred to facilitate an acquisition of a trade or business, a change in the...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... facilitative if the amount is paid for— (i) Securing an appraisal, formal written evaluation, or fairness... section prior to the taxable year during which the liability is incurred. (i) (j) Coordination with other.... (ii) The $250,000 payment to evaluate the possibility of a borrowing is an amount paid in the...

  4. 38 CFR 43.22 - Allowable costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... not subject to that circular 48 CFR part 31. Contract Cost Principles and Procedures, or uniform cost accounting standards that comply with cost principles acceptable to the Federal agency. ... the grantee or subgrantee. (b) Applicable cost principles. For each kind of organization, there is...

  5. 44 CFR 13.22 - Allowable costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Allowable costs. 13.22... Circular A-122 as not subject to that circular 48 CFR part 31. Contract Cost Principles and Procedures, or uniform cost accounting standards that comply with cost principles acceptable to the Federal agency....

  6. 44 CFR 13.22 - Allowable costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Allowable costs. 13.22... Circular A-122 as not subject to that circular 48 CFR part 31. Contract Cost Principles and Procedures, or uniform cost accounting standards that comply with cost principles acceptable to the Federal agency....

  7. 44 CFR 13.22 - Allowable costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Allowable costs. 13.22... Circular A-122 as not subject to that circular 48 CFR part 31. Contract Cost Principles and Procedures, or uniform cost accounting standards that comply with cost principles acceptable to the Federal agency....

  8. Who bears the cost of healthcare-acquired surgical site infection?

    PubMed

    Graves, N; Halton, K; Doidge, S; Clements, A; Lairson, D; Whitby, M

    2008-07-01

    The aim of this study was to estimate the economic costs of healthcare-acquired surgical site infection (HA-SSI) and show how they are distributed between the in-hospital and post-discharge phases of care and recovery. A quantitative model of the epidemiology and economic consequences of HA-SSI was used, with data collected from a prospective cohort of surgical patients and other relevant sources. A logical model structure was specified and data applied to model parameters. A hypothetical cohort of 10 000 surgical patients was evaluated. We found that 111 cases of infection would be diagnosed in hospital and 784 cases would first appear after discharge. Of the total costs incurred, either 31% or 67% occurred during the hospital phase, depending on whether production losses incurred after discharge were included. Most of the costs incurred by the hospital sector arose from lost bed-days and only a small proportion arose from variable costs. We discuss the issues relating to the size of these costs and provide data on where they are incurred. These results can be used to inform subsequent cost-effectiveness analyses that evaluate the efficiency of programmes to reduce the risks of HA-SSI.

  9. 41 CFR 302-15.13 - What are the income tax consequences when my agency pays for my property management services?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 4 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false What are the income tax....13 What are the income tax consequences when my agency pays for my property management services? When... tax (RIT) allowance for the additional Federal, State and local income taxes you incur on...

  10. 41 CFR 302-15.13 - What are the income tax consequences when my agency pays for my property management services?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 4 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false What are the income tax....13 What are the income tax consequences when my agency pays for my property management services? When... tax (RIT) allowance for the additional Federal, State and local income taxes you incur on...

  11. 41 CFR 302-15.13 - What are the income tax consequences when my agency pays for my property management services?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 4 2013-07-01 2012-07-01 true What are the income tax....13 What are the income tax consequences when my agency pays for my property management services? When... tax (RIT) allowance for the additional Federal, State and local income taxes you incur on...

  12. 77 FR 67366 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Information Collection; Travel Costs

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-09

    ... Regulation; Information Collection; Travel Costs AGENCY: Department of Defense (DOD), General Services... collection requirement concerning Travel Costs. Public comments are particularly invited on: Whether this... Information Collection 9000- 0088, Travel Costs by any of the following methods: Regulations.gov :...

  13. Early pain detection and management after esophageal metal stent placement in incurable cancer patients: A prospective observational cohort study

    PubMed Central

    Reijm, Agnes N.; Didden, Paul; Bruno, Marco J.; Spaander, Manon C.W.

    2016-01-01

    Background and study aims: Studies of esophageal self-expandable metal stents (SEMS) mainly focus on efficacy and recurrent dysphagia. Retrosternal pain has been described in up to 14 % of these patients, however, prospective daily pain assessment has not yet been performed. We conducted a prospective study to evaluate the occurrence and management of pain after esophageal SEMS deployment. Patients and methods: A total of 65 patients who underwent SEMS placement for incurable malignant esophageal stenosis were included. Patients used a diary to record intensity of pain twice daily for 2 weeks, according to the Numeric Rating Scale (NRS). A pain score ≥ 4 was used to determine whether patients experienced significant pain. If pain occurred, acetaminophen was used and, in cases of ongoing pain, an opiate was prescribed. Dose, duration, and kind of analgesic were noted. Results: The rate of significant pain increased from 0 % at baseline to 60 % on Day 1 (P < 0.001), followed by 37 % and 25 % on Days 7 and 14, respectively. The rate of analgesics use increased from 20 % at baseline to 78 % on Day 1 (P < 0.001), followed by 72 % and 62 % on Days 7 and 14, respectively. The use of opiates increased from 14 % at baseline to 42 % on Day 1 (P < 0.001). No variables associated with SEMS related pain were found. Conclusions: Two-thirds of patients experience significant pain after esophageal SEMS insertion and analgesics, including opiates, are frequently required. Patients need to be informed and preventive prescription of analgesia should be considered in order to improve quality of life. PMID:27540579

  14. Accounting for Agency

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Valentine, Kylie

    2011-01-01

    Children are increasingly described as agents and agency is important to arguments for children's rights and participation. Yet agency is rarely defined or theorised in childhood studies. This article reviews common uses and meanings of agency and argues that critical, social conceptualisations have yet to be extensively taken up in childhood…

  15. 75 FR 33379 - Railroad Cost Recovery Procedures-Productivity Adjustment; Quarterly Rail Cost Adjustment Factor

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-11

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Surface Transportation Board Railroad Cost Recovery Procedures--Productivity Adjustment; Quarterly Rail Cost Adjustment Factor AGENCY: Surface Transportation Board. ] ACTION: Notice and request for...

  16. Pennsylvania life cycle costing manual

    SciTech Connect

    1996-02-01

    Until the 1970s, it was commonplace for institutions and governments to purchase equipment based on lowest initial (first) costs. Recurring costs such as operational, maintenance, and energy costs often were not considered in the purchase decision. If an agency wanted to buy something, it published specifications and requested bids from several manufacturers. Often, the lowest bidder who met the specifications won the job, with no consideration given to the economic life of the equipment or yearly recurring costs such as energy and maintenance costs. The practice of purchasing based on lowest initial costs probably did not make good economic sense prior to 1970, and it certainly does not make good sense now. The wise person will consider all costs and benefits associated with a purchase, both initial and post-purchase, in order to make procurement decisions that are valid for the life of the equipment. This describes a method of financial analysis that considers all pertinent costs: life cycle costing (LCC).

  17. 40 CFR 36.645 - Federal agency or agency.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Federal agency or agency. 36.645 Section 36.645 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GRANTS AND OTHER FEDERAL... Federal agency or agency. Federal agency or agency means any United States executive department,...

  18. If You Stay, It Might Be Easier: Switch Costs from Comprehension to Production in a Joint Switching Task

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gambi, Chiara; Hartsuiker, Robert J.

    2016-01-01

    Switching language is costly for bilingual speakers and listeners, suggesting that language control is effortful in both modalities. But are the mechanisms underlying language control similar across modalities? In this study, we attempted to answer this question by testing whether bilingual speakers incur a cost when switching to a different…

  19. Managing the Recurrent Cost of University Education in Nigeria: A Case of Ekiti State University, Ado Ekiti

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oni, Abimbola Oluranti

    2013-01-01

    The education sector especially higher education in Nigeria faces financial challenges. The recurrent cost of university education constitutes about 95% of the total cost incurred by the government in Nigeria. However, the Nigerian government is unable to meet the UNESCO recommendation that 26% of national budgets should be allocated to education.…

  20. 19 CFR 10.197 - Direct costs of processing operations performed in a beneficiary country or countries.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... costs either directly incurred in, or which can be reasonably allocated to, the growth, production... merchandise: (1) All actual labor costs involved in the growth, production, manufacture or assembly of the..., supervisory, quality control, and similar personnel; (2) Dies, molds, tooling, and depreciation on...