Science.gov

Sample records for agency transmissions newspapers

  1. Newspaper Trains--America's First Fling at High-Speed Transmission of the Printed Word.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Everett, George

    The railroad and newspaper industries grew up simultaneously during the 1870s, 1880s, and 1890s, coming together in the common effort of delivering newspapers by rapid trains. The newspaper trade literature from that era contains romantic accounts of the exploits of these trains, while comparable railroad trade literature infrequently acknowledges…

  2. How to Read Your Newspaper.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hawaii Newspaper Agency, Inc., Honolulu.

    One of a series prepared by the Hawaii Newspaper Agency, this teaching guide offers suggestions on how to teach students to read the newspaper. The booklet presents a rationale for teaching students to read the newspaper, stresses the importance of creating the right classroom environment for teaching students to read the newspaper, defines what…

  3. Newspaper Uses of Satellite Technology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johns, David

    Replacing slower mail service, satellite transmission now gives the newspaper industry a practical and almost spontaneous method for sending all kinds of information to any newspaper across the country. Unlike other communication industries, newspapers did not begin to make widespread use of satellite technology until 1979, when government…

  4. The reporting of theoretical health risks by the media: Canadian newspaper reporting of potential blood transmission of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease

    PubMed Central

    Wilson, Kumanan; Code, Catherine; Dornan, Christopher; Ahmad, Nadya; Hébert, Paul; Graham, Ian

    2004-01-01

    Background The media play an important role at the interface of science and policy by communicating scientific information to the public and policy makers. In issues of theoretical risk, in which there is scientific uncertainty, the media's role as disseminators of information is particularly important due to the potential to influence public perception of the severity of the risk. In this article we describe how the Canadian print media reported the theoretical risk of blood transmission of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD). Methods We searched 3 newspaper databases for articles published by 6 major Canadian daily newspapers between January 1990 and December 1999. We identified all articles relating to blood transmission of CJD. In duplicate we extracted information from the articles and entered the information into a qualitative software program. We compared the observations obtained from this content analysis with information obtained from a previous policy analysis examining the Canadian blood system's decision-making concerning the potential transfusion transmission of CJD. Results Our search identified 245 relevant articles. We observed that newspapers in one instance accelerated a policy decision, which had important resource and health implication, by communicating information on risk to the public. We also observed that newspapers primarily relied upon expert opinion (47 articles) as opposed to published medical evidence (28 articles) when communicating risk information. Journalists we interviewed described the challenges of balancing their responsibility to raise awareness of potential health threats with not unnecessarily arousing fear amongst the public. Conclusions Based on our findings we recommend that journalists report information from both expert opinion sources and from published studies when communicating information on risk. We also recommend researchers work more closely with journalists to assist them in identifying and appraising relevant

  5. 76 FR 4103 - Central Minnesota Municipal Power Agency, Midwest Municipal Transmission Group; Notice of Filing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-24

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Central Minnesota Municipal Power Agency, Midwest Municipal Transmission... Municipal Power Agency and Midwest Municipal Transmission Group submitted an amendment to a petition for...

  6. 75 FR 6199 - Central Minnesota Municipal Power Agency and Midwest Municipal Transmission Group, Inc.; Notice...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-08

    ... Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Central Minnesota Municipal Power Agency and Midwest Municipal Transmission Group, Inc.; Notice of Filing February 1, 2010. Take notice that on January 25, 2010, Central Minnesota Municipal Power Agency and Midwest Municipal Transmission Group, Inc. (CMMPA/ MMTG) filed with...

  7. Using the Newspaper to Teach the Disadvantaged Child.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hawaii Newspaper Agency, Inc., Honolulu.

    One of a series prepared by the Hawaii Newspaper Agency, this teaching guide offers suggestions on using the newspaper to teach the disadvantaged child communication and reading skills. The objectives are to acquaint students with the format and contents of the newspaper; to improve vocabulary and comprehension; to encourage students to write…

  8. Moral Agency and the Sexual Transmission of HIV

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Leary, Ann; Wolitski, Richard J.

    2009-01-01

    Sexual transmission of HIV occurs because an infected person has unprotected sex with a previously uninfected person. The majority of HIV infections are transmitted by individuals who are unaware of their infection, and most persons who are diagnosed with HIV significantly reduce or eliminate risk behaviors once they learn they have HIV. However,…

  9. Newspapers in America

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Potter, Deborah

    2006-01-01

    This is an introduction to American newspapers. It starts with a history of newspapers and the tradition of American journalism that challenges authority. The article offers a description and discussion of major American newspapers and the different sections of a typical newspaper. There is also a section introducing some famous American…

  10. Creating a Classroom Newspaper.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Buss, Kathleen, Ed.; McClain-Ruelle, Leslie, Ed.

    Based on the premise that students can learn a great deal by reading and writing a newspaper, this book was created by preservice instructors to teach upper elementary students (grades 3-5) newspaper concepts, journalism, and how to write newspaper articles. It shows how to use newspaper concepts to help students integrate knowledge from multiple…

  11. Social Transmission of Experience of Agency: An Experimental Study

    PubMed Central

    Khalighinejad, Nima; Bahrami, Bahador; Caspar, Emilie A.; Haggard, Patrick

    2016-01-01

    The sense of controlling one’s own actions is fundamental to normal human mental function, and also underlies concepts of social responsibility for action. However, it remains unclear how the wider social context of human action influences sense of agency. Using a simple experimental design, we investigated, for the first time, how observing the action of another person or a robot could potentially influence one’s own sense of agency. We assessed how observing another’s action might change the perceived temporal relationship between one’s own voluntary actions and their outcomes, which has been proposed as an implicit measure of sense of agency. Working in pairs, participants chose between two action alternatives, one rewarded more frequently than the other, while watching a rotating clock hand. They judged, in separate blocks, either the time of their own action, or the time of a tone that followed the action. These were compared to baseline judgements of actions alone, or tones alone, to calculate the perceptual shift of action toward outcome and vice versa. Our design focused on how these two dependent variables, which jointly provide an implicit measure of sense of agency, might be influenced by observing another’s action. In the observational group, each participant could see the other’s actions. Multivariate analysis showed that the perceived time of action and tone shifted progressively toward the actual time of outcome with repeated experience of this social situation. No such progressive change occurred in other groups for whom a barrier hid participants’ actions from each other. However, a similar effect was observed in the group that viewed movements of a human-like robotic hand, rather than actions of another person. This finding suggests that observing the actions of others increases the salience of the external outcomes of action and this effect is not unique to observing human agents. Social contexts in which we see others controlling

  12. Newspapers Wow Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maskovsky, Marvin

    1972-01-01

    Article emphasizes the role of the newspaper in shaping the development of our nation's character and stresses the importance of the use of the newspaper in the classroom for teaching both civic responsibility and basic skills. (Author/ML)

  13. Teaching with the Newspaper

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Street, Chris

    2002-01-01

    The newspaper is a source of up-to-date and compelling information that teachers can use to teach current events. In this article, the author discusses why it makes sense for social studies educators to use newspapers in their classrooms. He also presents information about the Newspaper in Education (NIC) program and explains how interested…

  14. Getting Behind the Newspaper.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nebraska State Dept. of Education, Lincoln.

    A number of learning center activities designed to help elementary school students learn to read a newspaper intelligently are presented in this guide. Specific activities deal with newspaper vocabulary, using an index, identifying the five "W's" in a news article, editorials, characteristics of various kinds of newspaper cartoons (advertising,…

  15. Joint Newspaper Operating Agreements.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Parsons, Marie

    The number of competing daily newspapers in American cities has dwindled until only about 50 cities boast two papers. Of the newspapers in those cities, 23 now maintain separate editorial operations but have joint printing, advertising, and circulation departments. The concept of joint operation is 50 years old, dating from the Depression years…

  16. Learning about Newspapers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Black, Narda C.

    This comprehensive social studies curriculum unit for fifth grade has three areas of concentration: (1) the history of the newspaper industry, including historical dates and figures and analysis of how the newspaper industry has influenced and shaped the history of the United States; (2) the functions and responsibilities of the departments and…

  17. The New Newspaper Competition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stevenson, Robert L.

    Studies of newspaper reading in three communities in North Carolina were undertaken in light of the fact that newspaper reading has declined relative to population growth since World War II. In each instance, the respondents had available a relatively small local afternoon daily and a larger morning metropolitan daily. Results of the study showed…

  18. News Research for Better Newspapers. Volume 3.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bush, Chilton R., Ed.

    This volume is a compilation of the summaries of news-editorial research reported in the American Newspaper Publishers Association News Research Bulletins during 1967. Of the 44 studies reported in this volume, twenty were done by universities, ten by individuals, nine by research agencies, and five by other organizations. The studies are arranged…

  19. Math in the Newspaper.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    May, Lola J.

    1994-01-01

    Daily newspapers can be used to teach mathematics skills in a variety of ways. Students can analyze sports scores and averages, practice using the index, assemble imaginary stock portfolios, find numbers in articles, and complete puzzles. (MDM)

  20. Newspaper Ideabook: Creative Advertising

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brasler, Wayne

    1977-01-01

    Offers suggestions to high school newspaper staffs for designing effective advertisements for local businesses and then selling them to the businesses. Notes that carefully planned advertisements can increase the appeal and value of a publication. (GW)

  1. Modeling Newspaper Advertising

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harper, Joseph; And Others

    1978-01-01

    Presents a mathematical model for simulating a newspaper financial system. Includes the effects of advertising and circulation for predicting advertising linage as a function of population, income, and advertising rate. (RL)

  2. Out, darn newspapers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Leadstone, Stuart; Warren, John W.

    2011-10-01

    John Hauptman's article calling for the abandonment of textbooks in favour of newspapers in physics teaching ("Out, damned book", August p16) did not, sad to say, surprise me, given the cultural vandalism that pervades our age.

  3. Oceans: Our Continuing Frontier. Newspaper Articles for the Fifth Course by Newspaper. Courses by Newspaper.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    California Univ., San Diego. Univ. Extension.

    Sixteen newspaper articles comprise this document, which served as the basis for a course by newspaper about oceans in 1976. United Press International and the National Newspaper Association helped distribute the articles to participating newspapers throughout the country. The articles, written by journalists, marine professors, oceanographic…

  4. The Irony of Sheldon's Newspaper

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Elk, Richard A.

    1974-01-01

    Describes the disillusionment of the Rev. Charles M. Sheldon who edited a Kansas daily newspaper for one week as Jesus Christ would have done it and unwittingly became the victim of the newspaper publisher's money-making scheme. (RB)

  5. The Anatomy of a Newspaper.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McAuley, Kathryn

    This booklet describes the daily newspaper--how it works and why it is a vital part of society, explains some of the choices the newspaper offers its readers, discusses some of the ways it gets people to read certain stories, and explores the definitions of what makes up the news. The news, as it is presented in the newspaper, is broken down for…

  6. Readability of Central Florida Newspapers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Olmstead, Phyllis M.

    A study analyzed the readability of seven central Florida newspapers (one of which is a college newspaper) and "USA Today.""Rightwriter," a grammar checker and readability computer program, was used to evaluate front page articles for each of the eight newspapers. The readability formulas invoked in the readability program…

  7. Newspaper Makeup: Journalism, English.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bullock, Johanna

    A course in the theory and practice of making up the front page and inside pages of the newspaper is presented. Included are copy fitting, headline and composition fitting, typography and type specifications, and photo proportioning. Theories of offset and letterpress printing are also covered. Objectives of the course include the following: (1)…

  8. Newspapers: Handle with Care.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Merchant, Frank

    The standard of mechanical literacy of any publication should be very high, both for one's own information and for education in and outside classrooms. On this count, too many smalltime local papers are good only for "negative teaching" of socially accepted language. The influence of any newspaper on the language depends upon how much of it is…

  9. The American Newspaper.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Irwin, Will

    This book presents a series of fifteen articles, written in 1911 by the journalist Will Irwin, that discuss the origins, purposes, and principles of newspaper journalism. The articles first appeared in "Collier's" magazine and have been reprinted to give journalism students a better understanding of how twentieth-century newspapers…

  10. Can Children Break the Cycle of Disadvantage? Structure and Agency in the Transmission of Education across Generations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burger, Kaspar; Walk, Marlene

    2016-01-01

    Research has shown that parents tend to pass educational advantage or disadvantage on to their children. However, little is known about the extent to which the intergenerational transmission of education involves children's agency. In this study we drew from two traditions in sociological and social psychological theorizing--the theory of cultural…

  11. Preference for newspaper size.

    PubMed

    Tsang, Steve N H; Hoffmann, Errol R; Chan, Alan H S

    2014-05-01

    The past few years has seen a change in the size of newspapers, with publishers moving to a smaller size format. Five 'standard' newspaper sizes are used in different countries: Broadsheet, Rhensch, Tabloid, Tall Tabloid and Berliner. These papers vary in both width and height of pages and hence there are implications for human reading comfort, which may be dependent on reading location such as on a lounge chair or on a train. Experiments were carried out to determine preferences for the different sizes and to relate these preferences to the geometric characteristics of the newspapers. For both comfortable and cramped/uncomfortable reading conditions, the rank order of preference for paper types was, from least to most-preferred, Broadsheet, Rhensch, Berliner, Tall Tabloid and Tabloid. Preferences were much stronger when determined in cramped/uncomfortable reading conditions, where most comparisons were significantly different. There was good correlation between participant ratings on several scales and preference, where most factors were related to comfort of holding and controlling the paper.

  12. Readability of Newspapers in 11 Languages.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bjornsson, C. H.

    1983-01-01

    Determined the readability of large circulation, metropolitan newspapers in 11 different languages using the formula of sentence length plus word length. Swedish language newspapers were the most readable, Russian language newspapers the lease. (AEA)

  13. Teaching with Newspapers (Third Edition).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gunn, Angus M.

    Student materials, teaching suggestions, and resource lists for using newspapers in various content areas in elementary and junior high schools are presented. The first section provides an overview of a newspaper by having students identify items on the first page, reply to a "Dear Abby" letter, analyze a photograph, examine a ski…

  14. Information Content of Newspaper Advertisements.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pasadeos, Yorgo; And Others

    1987-01-01

    Indicates that nearly all of the newspaper advertisements examined contained at least one information cue and that one-third contained four or more cues, with an average of 2.8 per ad. Suggests that newspaper advertisements are more "informative" than television and magazine advertisements. (JD)

  15. Courtship American Style: Newspaper Ads

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cameron, Catherine; And Others

    1977-01-01

    This study investigated an increasing social phenomenon--newspaper advertising for dating or marital partners--in terms of the bargaining process involved. Content analysis of personal ads in a popular "respectable" singles newspaper revealed a pattern of offers and requests reminiscent of a heterosexual stock market. (Author)

  16. Educational Dissemination through Newspaper Daily

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chowdhury, Sreeparna; Halder, Santoshi

    2016-01-01

    The formal sources of educational guidance remained no more sufficient to deal with the fast changing educational demands of the learners. Therefore, informal sources like media, especially low cost newspapers, may serve these demands. Newspapers are storehouse of current information and treasure of knowledge related to personal as well as social…

  17. On-Line Hypermedia Newspapers:. AN Experiment with “L’UNIONE SARDA”

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ruggiero, Francesco; van Kleij, Reinier

    In this brief paper we present a prototype of a an On-line hypermedia newspaper, the first example of daily electronic publishing in Italy, based on the results of a collaboration between CRS4 and L’UNIONE SARDA. The on-line newspaper (text and picture) is created by automatic retrieval, compression, transmission and conversion of newspaper data. The prototype is under development and currently allows automatic hypertextual links, article retrieval facilities and a simple mechanism for creating a personal newspaper. Some HyperText Markup Language (HTML) pages, are shown to give an impression of the prototype.

  18. Crime and Justice in America. Newspaper Articles for the Seventh Course by Newspaper. Courses by Newspaper.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Skolnick, Jerome H.; And Others

    Fifteen newspaper articles about crime and justice in America are contained in this document. As the basis for a 15-week course by newspaper during the fall of 1977, the articles served as the course "lectures." The articles were written by professors of law, psychology, sociology, philosophy, and criminology; attorneys and judges; and…

  19. 78 FR 76100 - Newspapers Used for Publication of Legal Notices for Pre-Decisional Administrative Review...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-16

    ... Times Herald, Burns, Oregon Mt. Hood National Forest Forest Supervisor decisions Clackamas River... Forest Service Newspapers Used for Publication of Legal Notices for Pre- Decisional Administrative Review Processes and Decisions Subject to Notice, Comment and Appeal Procedures AGENCY: Forest Service,...

  20. Chains versus Independents: Newspaper and Market Characteristics.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hale, F. Dennis

    A study examined the marketing differences between large chain newspapers and small chain and independent newspapers by analyzing differences in characteristics of the newspapers, patterns of circulation, economic and social conditions of the market, and competition from other print media. The 200 newspapers studied--113 large chain and 87 small…

  1. Using the Newspaper with Disruptive Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Criscuolo, Nicholas P.; Gallagher, Sally A.

    1989-01-01

    Describes advantages of using newspapers as reading material for disturbed adolescents. Outlines various classroom activities using newspapers, such as a newspaper scavenger hunt, celebrity scrapbooks, and student advice columns. Notes that newspapers are successful because they contain current, relevant information, with none of the negative…

  2. 77 FR 33703 - Newspapers Used for Publication of Legal Notices by the Intermountain Region; Utah, Idaho, Nevada...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-07

    ...; ] DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Forest Service Newspapers Used for Publication of Legal Notices by the Intermountain Region; Utah, Idaho, Nevada, and Wyoming AGENCY: Forest Service, USDA. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: This notice lists the newspapers that will be used by the ranger districts, forests and regional...

  3. Impact of Newspaper Reading on Adolescent Consumers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moore, Roy L.; Moschis, George P.

    1981-01-01

    The results from a study of adolescents' newspaper reading habits and consumer attitudes and behaviors indicate that newspapers play an important role in the acquisition of consumer behaviors during adolescence. (RL)

  4. Future Newspaper Managers Learn Basics at Oregon.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Halverson, Roy

    1978-01-01

    Describes an experimental program that prepares students for careers in newspaper management with a sequence of courses in journalism, accounting, marketing, management, finance, and statistics, ending with an internship in the business office of a daily or weekly newspaper. (RL)

  5. Newspapers and newspaper ink contain agonists for the ah receptor.

    PubMed

    Bohonowych, Jessica E S; Zhao, Bin; Timme-Laragy, Alicia; Jung, Dawoon; Di Giulio, Richard T; Denison, Michael S

    2008-04-01

    Ligand-dependent activation of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) pathway leads to a diverse array of biological and toxicological effects. The best-studied ligands for the AhR include polycyclic and halogenated aromatic hydrocarbons, the most potent of which is 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD). However, as new AhR ligands are identified and characterized, their structural and physiochemical diversity continues to expand. Our identification of AhR agonists in crude extracts from diverse materials raises questions as to the magnitude and extent of human exposure to AhR ligands through normal daily activities. We have found that solvent extracts of newspapers from countries around the world stimulate the AhR signaling pathway. AhR agonist activity was observed for dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO), ethanol, and water extracts of printed newspaper, unprinted virgin paper, and black printing ink, where activation of luciferase reporter gene expression was transient, suggesting that the AhR active chemical(s) was metabolically labile. DMSO and ethanol extracts also stimulated AhR transformation and DNA binding, and also competed with [(3)H]TCDD for binding to the AhR. In addition, DMSO extracts of printed newspaper induced cytochrome P450 1A associated 7-ethoxyresorufin-O-deethylase activity in zebrafish embryos in vivo. Although the responsible bioactive chemical(s) remain to be identified, our results demonstrate that newspapers and printing ink contain relatively potent metabolically labile agonists of the AhR. Given the large amount of recycling and reprocessing of newspapers throughout the world, release of these easily extractable AhR agonists into the environment should be examined and their potential effects on aquatic organisms assessed.

  6. Newspapers and Newspaper Ink Contain Agonists for the Ah Receptor

    PubMed Central

    Bohonowych, Jessica E. S.; Zhao, Bin; Timme-Laragy, Alicia; Jung, Dawoon; Di Giulio, Richard T.; Denison, Michael S.

    2010-01-01

    Ligand-dependent activation of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) pathway leads to a diverse array of biological and toxicological effects. The best-studied ligands for the AhR include polycyclic and halogenated aromatic hydrocarbons, the most potent of which is 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD). However, as new AhR ligands are identified and characterized, their structural and physiochemical diversity continues to expand. Our identification of AhR agonists in crude extracts from diverse materials raises questions as to the magnitude and extent of human exposure to AhR ligands through normal daily activities. We have found that solvent extracts of newspapers from countries around the world stimulate the AhR signaling pathway. AhR agonist activity was observed for dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO), ethanol, and water extracts of printed newspaper, unprinted virgin paper, and black printing ink, where activation of luciferase reporter gene expression was transient, suggesting that the AhR active chemical(s) was metabolically labile. DMSO and ethanol extracts also stimulated AhR transformation and DNA binding, and also competed with [3H]TCDD for binding to the AhR. In addition, DMSO extracts of printed newspaper induced cytochrome P450 1A associated 7-ethoxyresorufin-O-deethylase activity in zebrafish embryos in vivo. Although the responsible bioactive chemical(s) remain to be identified, our results demonstrate that newspapers and printing ink contain relatively potent metabolically labile agonists of the AhR. Given the large amount of recycling and reprocessing of newspapers throughout the world, release of these easily extractable AhR agonists into the environment should be examined and their potential effects on aquatic organisms assessed. PMID:18203687

  7. Facts about Newspapers '85: A Statistical Summary of the Newspaper Business.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Newspaper Publishers Association, Washington, DC.

    A statistical summary of the newspaper industry for 1984 and previous years is presented in this brochure. Focusing primarily on the United States newspaper industry, the brochure also contains some information on Canadian newspapers. The brochure presents statistics in the following categories: (1) number of daily newspapers, (2) daily newspaper…

  8. Facts about Newspapers '86: A Statistical Summary of the Newspaper Business.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Newspaper Publishers Association, Washington, DC.

    Attesting to the continuing economic strength and institutional vitality of the newspaper business in 1985, this booklet presents a statistical summary of the industry in the United States and Canada. The statistics cover a wide range of topics, including (1) number of daily newspapers, (2) daily newspaper circulation, (3) daily newspapers by…

  9. High School Newspaper Financing: An Assessment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dvorak, Jack

    Eighty schools that were members of the Iowa High School Press Association responded to a questionnaire about the school newspaper's financial status in light of public school budget cuts. The collected data indicated that nearly half of the respondent schools published newspapers at no cost and in cooperation with a community newspaper. Sixty…

  10. Using the Newspaper with Gifted Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guenther, John; And Others

    This guide on using the newspaper is designed for secondary students in gifted education programs. Activities included in the guide can be used with a full range of subject areas, as students actually use the newspaper as the learning resource. The 50 activities are organized around the sections of the newspaper (general, news, editorials,…

  11. 27 CFR 6.92 - Newspaper cuts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Newspaper cuts. 6.92 Section 6.92 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO TAX AND TRADE BUREAU, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY LIQUORS âTIED-HOUSEâ Exceptions § 6.92 Newspaper cuts. Newspaper cuts, mats,...

  12. Teenagers' Attitudes Toward the Hometown Daily Newspaper.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Campbell, Laurence R.

    To determine the attitudes of teenagers toward their hometown newspapers was the purpose of this study. A four-page questionnaire in which students compared the local newspaper with other news media and expressed their attitudes on statements about this newspaper was answered by 887 teenagers. Tentative conclusions indicated that the students felt…

  13. Newspaper Images and Messages: People with Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Catlett, Susan M.; And Others

    This study reviewed, over 2 years, all newspaper articles related to persons with disabilities in two major city newspapers with circulations of more than 500,000 (the Houston Post and the Los Angeles Times). The newspapers were reviewed to uncover trends and themes in the articles which reflected subtleties of views toward persons with…

  14. 17 CFR 230.494 - Newspaper prospectuses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... newspaper prospectus means an advertisement of securities in newspapers, magazines or other periodicals... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Newspaper prospectuses. 230.494 Section 230.494 Commodity and Securities Exchanges SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION...

  15. Toward a Definition of "Suburban Newspaper."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sim, John Cameron

    A "suburban newspaper" cannot be simply defined as a "newspaper published in the suburbs" or a "rural publication." Instead, a description of the suburb and the newspaper must be combined to arrive at a more sound definition of the term. A suburb is "an area outside the political limits of a city but in that city's standard Metropolitan…

  16. 20 CFR 655.151 - Newspaper advertisements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Newspaper advertisements. 655.151 Section 655... Employment in the United States (H-2A Workers) Post-Acceptance Requirements § 655.151 Newspaper... as provided in paragraph (b) of this section), in a newspaper of general circulation serving the...

  17. 20 CFR 655.151 - Newspaper advertisements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Newspaper advertisements. 655.151 Section 655... Employment in the United States (H-2A Workers) Post-Acceptance Requirements § 655.151 Newspaper... as provided in paragraph (b) of this section), in a newspaper of general circulation serving the...

  18. 20 CFR 655.151 - Newspaper advertisements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Newspaper advertisements. 655.151 Section 655... Employment in the United States (H-2A Workers) Post-Acceptance Requirements § 655.151 Newspaper... as provided in paragraph (b) of this section), in a newspaper of general circulation serving the...

  19. 20 CFR 655.151 - Newspaper advertisements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Newspaper advertisements. 655.151 Section 655... Employment in the United States (H-2A Workers) Post-Acceptance Requirements § 655.151 Newspaper... as provided in paragraph (b) of this section), in a newspaper of general circulation serving the...

  20. 20 CFR 655.42 - Newspaper advertisements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Newspaper advertisements. 655.42 Section 655... States (H-2B Workers) Post-Acceptance Requirements § 655.42 Newspaper advertisements. (a) The employer... in paragraph (b) of this section), in a newspaper of general circulation serving the area of...

  1. 20 CFR 655.42 - Newspaper advertisements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Newspaper advertisements. 655.42 Section 655... States (H-2B Workers) Post-Acceptance Requirements § 655.42 Newspaper advertisements. (a) The employer... in paragraph (b) of this section), in a newspaper of general circulation serving the area of...

  2. 20 CFR 655.42 - Newspaper advertisements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Newspaper advertisements. 655.42 Section 655... States (H-2B Workers) Post-Acceptance Requirements § 655.42 Newspaper advertisements. (a) The employer... in paragraph (b) of this section), in a newspaper of general circulation serving the area of...

  3. The Use of Maps in Turkish Newspapers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Demirci, Ali; Suslu, Zeliha

    2016-01-01

    This study analyzes the use of maps in Turkish newspapers in order to evaluate their potential to contribute to the enhancement of geographic knowledge in society. This study reviewed the content of three Turkish newspapers published between January 2008 and August 2012. Only 835 maps were used in the newspapers during the study period, or an…

  4. An Urdu Newspaper Word Count.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barker, Muhammad Abd-al-Rahman; And Others

    This volume is the last of four works dealing with the Urdu language prepared by the Institute of Islamic Studies, McGill University. (See "A Course in Urdu," ED 013 435-7; "A Reader of Modern Urdu Poetry," ED 022 163; and "An Urdu Newspaper Reader," AL 002 107.) The present volume, although not intended primarily as…

  5. Economics, The Newspaper, and Kids?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McEvoy, Ann

    1991-01-01

    Suggests ideas to help children understand economics through the daily newspaper. Includes suggested activities about wants and needs, scarcity, goods and services, supply and demand, opportunity cost, factors of production, the stock market, advertising, and political cartoons. Suggests appropriate grade levels for each activity. Argues that…

  6. The Asian Newspaper's Reluctant Revolution.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lent, John A., Ed.

    This book is composed of 19 articles written by both Asian and American scholars on the history and present conditions of newspapers in 15 Asian nations: China, Hong Kong, Japan, Korea, Taiwan, Australia, Burma, Indonesia, Malaysia and Singapore, the Philippines, Thailand, South Vietnam, Ceylon, India, and Pakistan. Two overviews of the Asian…

  7. Newspaper Failure: An Elusive Concept.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walden, Ruth

    This study explores the antecedents of the Newspaper Preservation Act of 1970 (a provision which allowed for limited exemption from federal antitrust laws), including the case of "United States vs. Citizen Publishing Company" and the failing-company doctrine as enunciated in "International Shoe Company vs. Federal Trade…

  8. The Newspaper Unit. Revised Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Greenfield Union Elementary School District, Bakersfield, CA.

    Activities and methods for teaching newspaper skills to eighth-grade students are presented in this unit from the Greenfield Express Management System (GEMS) program, a California Demonstration Program in Reading. A project overview form from the California Centers for Educational Improvement (CCEI) describes the GEMS program and lists other units…

  9. Modern Newspaper Editing. Second Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gilmore, Gene; Root, Robert

    This volume explains recent technological changes in newspaper publication, comments on how the copy editor must adjust to facilitate these changes, and provides a discussion of some of the ethical and moral questions which every editor must face in appraising the news, in deciding what to print and what to feature, and in displaying material. The…

  10. Newspaper Activities for Young Consumers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Greenup, Tess

    Designed for intermediate and junior high level students, the handbook gives 11 lessons using newspaper activities for teaching consumer education. The activities help students (1) define consumer education terms and distinguish between wants and needs; (2) define the term "caveat emptor" and understand the concept of consumer…

  11. Transmission

    SciTech Connect

    Sugano, K.

    1988-12-27

    A transmission is described which consists of: an input shaft; an output shaft; a first planetary gear set including a first sun gear selectively connectable by a first clutch to the input shaft, a first carrier selectively connectable by a second clutch to the input shaft and a first ring gear connected to the output shaft. The first sun gear selectively held stationary by a first brake, the first carrier is allowed to rotate in the same forward direction as the input shaft when the second clutch is engaged, but prevented from rotating in a reverse direction opposite to the forward direction by a first one-way clutch, the first carrier being selectively held stationary by a second brake; a second planetary gear set including a second sun gear connected to the input shaft, a second carrier connected to the first ring gear and also the the output shaft, and a second ring gear.

  12. Defining obesity: second-level agenda setting attributes in black newspapers and general audience newspapers.

    PubMed

    Lee, Hyunmin; Len-Ríos, María E

    2014-01-01

    This content analysis study examines how obesity is depicted in general-audience and Black newspaper stories (N=391) through the lens of second-level agenda setting theory. The results reveal that both Black newspapers and general-audience newspapers generally ascribe individual causes for obesity. While both types of newspapers largely neglected to mention solutions for the problem, Black newspapers were more likely than general-audience newspapers to suggest both individual and societal solutions for treating obesity. For Black newspapers, these solutions more often included community interventions. In addition, Black newspapers more often used a negative tone in stories and more frequently mentioned ethnic and racial minorities as at-risk groups.

  13. Newspaper Front Page Coverage of "the Korean Airliner Boeing 747 Massacre" in Six Newspapers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kang, Jong Geun

    A study investigated three United States and three foreign newspapers to determine the direction or bias of coverage of the 1983 Korean Airline (KAL) incident and any differences in coverage. It was hypothesized (1) that the amount of space allotted to the story in U. S. newspapers would be greater than that in foreign newspapers; (2) that there…

  14. Facts about Newspapers '87: A Statistical Summary of the Newspaper Business.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Newspaper Publishers Association, Washington, DC.

    Attesting to the continuing economic strength and institutional vitality of the newspaper business in 1987, this booklet presents a statistical summary of the industry in the United States and Canada. The statistics cover a wide range of topics, including (1) number of daily newspapers; (2) daily newspaper circulation; (3) single copy sales price;…

  15. An Examination of the Perceptions of Newspaper Advertisements.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hale, F. Dennis

    1980-01-01

    Analyzes newspaper readers' evaluations of specific categories of newspaper content, including four advertising categories. Shows that reader demand for advertising was lower than for news, although most readers desired the same amount or more advertising in their newspaper. (RL)

  16. Effect of Electronic Editing on Error Rate of Newspaper.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Randall, Starr D.

    1979-01-01

    A study of a North Carolina newspaper indicates that newspapers using fully integrated electronic editing systems have fewer errors in spelling, punctuation, sentence construction, hyphenation, and typography than newspapers not using electronic editing. (GT)

  17. Newspaper Indexing Handbook for Small Libraries.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Donald R.

    This presentation of a simplified procedure for indexing local newspapers at a small library includes a brief discussion of 23 guidelines and rules for subject heading selection and use, indexing, and filing; a group of sample cards in the prescribed filing order; and a bibliography on newspaper indexing. (SW)

  18. The Decline of Direct Newspaper Competition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rosse, James N.

    1980-01-01

    Describes the decline of direct newspaper competition in terms of the loss of effective newspaper market segmentation. Examines the following influences on market segmentation: shift in advertising demand, advertiser preferences for differentiated audiences, shift in subscriber demand, growth of alternative media, increasing production costs, and…

  19. "USA Today": Can the Nation's Newspaper Survive?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wicks, Robert H.

    The failure of 17 newspaper markets between 1957 and 1975 raises the question of whether the 1982 entrance of "USA Today" into the newspaper market demonstrated fiscal prudence. A 20-month advertising content analysis was conducted to assess advertising trends in "USA Today." These data were compared with industry statistics…

  20. Community Newspapers. Technical Note Number 27.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dilts, Russell; Fakih, Mansour

    This guide to the creation and publication of a low-cost village-level community newspaper is based on actual experience in Indonesian villages. The guide focuses on participatory creation and management that allows the community to maintain total control over production. One newspaper, the Bulletin Kejar in West Java, is described as an…

  1. AN ACTIVE INTRODUCTION TO NEWSPAPER SWAHILI.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Foreign Service (Dept. of State), Washington, DC. Foreign Service Inst.

    EACH OF THE 25 SHORT LESSONS IN THIS BOOKLET IS BUILT AROUND A STORY FROM AN EAST AFRICAN NEWSPAPER. THE STUDENT IS EXPECTED TO LISTEN TO AND REPEAT BASIC SENTENCES, LISTEN TO AND READ THE TEXT, AND COMPLETE THE ACCOMPANYING EXERCISES. THUS, HE NOT ONLY LEARNS TO READ NEWSPAPER ARTICLES BUT ALSO ACTIVELY DEMONSTRATES HOW MUCH HE HAS COMPREHENDED…

  2. A Newspaper Career? A Publisher's Personal Answer.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mack, David J.

    In response to an eighth grade girl's questions about selecting a newspaper career, this pamphlet provides information on a number of aspects of the newspaper industry from a publisher's personal point of view. Educational requirements are discussed, emphasizing the necessity of a 4-year college degree in journalism or a related field and a solid…

  3. Enhancing Newspaper's Value as Local Advertising Medium.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Prater, Bruce W.; And Others

    1994-01-01

    Finds that, to enhance the value of a newspaper's advertising, newspaper executives seek to broaden the scope of their operations by adding new subscribers and advertisers, while marketers tend to prefer narrowing the focus of operations, serving the existing customer base or concentrating exclusively on select market segments. (SR)

  4. What Colleges Should Learn from Newspapers' Decline

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carey, Kevin

    2009-01-01

    Newspapers are dying. Are universities next? The parallels between them are closer than they appear. Both industries are in the business of creating and communicating information. Paradoxically, both are threatened by the way technology has made that easier than ever before. The signs of sickness appeared earlier in the newspaper business, which…

  5. How to Produce a Small Newspaper.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, Edward; And Others

    A how-to manual for people interested in the mechanics of newspaper production, this book was produced by the editors of a small town newspaper. Chapters about content, printing, typography, pasteup, design and layout, advertising, circulation and distribution, financial matters, and deadlines contain practical discussions of details such as what…

  6. Research on the Reading of Newspapers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sullivan, Betty L.

    The review of the literature related to newspaper reading presented in this paper provides a useful background to educators seeking to broaden their understanding of newspaper research and its implications for classroom practice. The research is divided into readability studies, readership studies, and cognition, comprehension, and text analysis…

  7. Newspaper Versus Television Reliance and Political Disaffection.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Keefe, Garrett J.

    Data from interviews with 1,966 potential voters in Summit County, Ohio, in 1972 were analyzed to determine the relationship between political disaffection and reliance on television or newspapers for campaign news. The question that assessed media reliance was "How much do you count on (television/newspapers) to help you make up your mind…

  8. Trends in Newspaper Layout and Design.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reiley, Kenneth C.; Erb, Lyle L.

    With the increasing competition from television in recent years, the newspaper industry has finally realized that it doesn't have the news field as its sole domain. The competition, especially from colored television, and the fast pace of contemporary society have influenced the layout and printing format of the national newspapers in several…

  9. The Utah Newspaper Project. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Holley, Robert P.

    As part of the United States Newspaper Program, the Marriott Library at the University of Utah undertook the Utah Newspaper Project, a major microfilming project funded by the National Endowment for the Humanities. This report reviews the background of the project, describes the grant application process, and discusses the activities of: (1) the…

  10. Newspaper Construction of a Moral Farmer

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reisner, Ann

    2003-01-01

    This study examines how six national newspapers balanced supporting agriculture (a morally good occupation) with supporting environmentalism (nature as a moral value), in an area in which agricultural and environmental interests conflict--farm use of pesticides. The study showed that, contrary to expectations, newspapers supported social change…

  11. Developing Critical Thinking Skills with the Newspaper.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rowen, Anna

    1990-01-01

    Discusses the importance of newspapers in developing critical thinking skills. Presents activities from "Knowledge in Bloom," a resource guide sponsored by Newspapers in Education with learning activities keyed to Bloom's Taxonomy of Educational Objectives. Focuses on controversial issues, analyzing points of view, and using students as…

  12. 20 CFR 655.151 - Newspaper advertisements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Newspaper advertisements. 655.151 Section 655... advertisements. (a) The employer must place an advertisement (in a language other than English, where the CO... job opportunity. Newspaper advertisements must satisfy the requirements set forth in § 655.152. (b)...

  13. Some Demographic Correlates of Changing Newspaper Circulation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eberhard, Wallace B.

    There are varied opinions on the relationship between the circulation penetration of the American daily newspapers and certain demographic indicators. Previous studies have treated the growth of circulation figures by utilizing gross national data and have indicated the role newspaper circulation plays in defining the limits of major urban…

  14. How Newspapers Choose the Releases They Use.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morton, Linda P.

    1986-01-01

    Examines how four newspaper characteristics and seven types of news releases related to publications. Concludes that weekly and twice-weekly newspapers print more releases than daily papers and that past events, features, and institutional news releases are almost never printed. (SRT)

  15. The Social Ecology of the Newspaper.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kaul, Arthur J.; McKerns, Joseph P.

    The evolution of the newspaper industry can be viewed within the perspective of a dialectic ecology that emphasizes the determinative influence of the environment on the development of newspapers in the three stages of variation, selection, and retention. This perspective also introduces the concept of contradictions that rupture into…

  16. Implementing Self-Directed Work Teams at a College Newspaper

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    de Pillis, Emmeline; Parsons, Blake

    2013-01-01

    The problem: Motivating and retaining staff had become an ongoing problem at the student newspaper. Student staffers would quit abruptly when overwhelmed or dissatisfied, leaving the newspaper with critical positions vacant. This affected the performance of the newspaper. Method: The newspaper was organized into self directed work teams (SDWTs).…

  17. Gratifications Lost: The 1985 Philadelphia Newspaper Strike and Media Use.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Elliott, William R.; Rosenberg, William L.

    A study examined the relationship between newspaper gratifications sought and media use during and after a 1985 strike by unions of two Philadelphia newspapers, and the compensatory media behaviors, if any, people adopted to make up for the loss of their daily newspaper(s). It was hypothesized that during the strike, people would read more…

  18. Popular Culture: Mirror of American Life. Newspaper Articles for the Eighth Course by Newspaper.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    White, David Manning; And Others

    Fifteen newspaper articles about popular culture in the United States are contained in this document. As the basis for a 15-week course by newspaper during the winter and spring of 1978, the articles served as the course "lectures." The articles were written by professors of mass communications, sociology, cinema, journalism, political…

  19. Newspapers in Education: A Critical Inquiry into the Effects of Using Newspapers as Teaching Agents

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Claes, Ellen; Quintelier, Ellen

    2009-01-01

    Background: More than 52 countries make use of the "Newspapers in Education" programme. In the last 10 years, in Belgium, an application of the international programme Newspapers in Education has become a well-known way of stimulating adolescents to explore the political realm and challenge the way they think about and participate in…

  20. Moral Choices in Contemporary Society: Newspaper Articles for the Sixth Course by Newspaper.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rieff, Philip; And Others

    Sixteen articles written for publication in newspapers discuss moral issues in contemporary society. The articles form the basis of a college-level course by newspaper which also includes a book of primary source readings, study guide, and source book. The course can be taken independently by individuals or in a structured class setting. The…

  1. Reporting research in medical journals and newspapers.

    PubMed Central

    Entwistle, V.

    1995-01-01

    Newspapers are important sources of information about medical advances for many lay people and can influence those working in the health service. Medical journalists on newspapers routinely use general medical journals to obtain information on research. The Lancet and BMJ are both examined carefully by broadsheet journalists in Britain each week. These papers published an average of 1.25 stories from these journals every Friday. The stories focused on serious diseases, topical health problems, and new treatments rather than social problems. The newspaper stories were based on the full research article and not the journals' press releases, although the press releases were valued as early information. Journalists relied heavily on the peer review processes of the journals in ensuring accuracy. PMID:7719187

  2. 29 CFR 570.124 - Delivery of newspapers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... carriers engaged in making deliveries to the homes of subscribers or other consumers of newspapers (including shopping news). It also includes employees engaged in the street sale or delivery of newspapers...

  3. 29 CFR 570.124 - Delivery of newspapers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... carriers engaged in making deliveries to the homes of subscribers or other consumers of newspapers (including shopping news). It also includes employees engaged in the street sale or delivery of newspapers...

  4. US History Through the Newspaper: An Experiment Instructional Device

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jioia, Joseph

    1974-01-01

    The purpose of Moraine Valley's newspaper course is to provide an instructional delivery system for a large audience of nonstudents in the district, utilizing a familiar education resource (newspaper). (Author)

  5. Writers, Editors, and Readers: Authentic Assessment in the Newspaper Class.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Denman, Carrie

    1995-01-01

    Explains how working on a student newspaper provides students with real-life writing situations that make composition practice, which students usually begrudge, automatic and necessary. Reviews four aspects of putting a newspaper together: brainstorming, researching, drafting, and publishing. (TB)

  6. The Liverpool Connection: Transatlantic Newspapers in the 1840s.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schwarzlose, Richard A.

    The introduction of steam-powered ocean navigation in 1838 made possible the faster delivery of foreign news to United States newspaper offices and also gave rise to a new journalism genre--the transatlantic newspaper. Published on one side of the Atlantic and shipped by steamer for consumption on the other side, transatlantic newspapers compiled…

  7. Factors of Success for Newspapers in Intracity Competition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Karen F.

    Focusing on variables controlled by the newspaper but with emphasis on basic priorities for success rather than specific changes within a department, a study examined intracity battles between newspapers in several cities. A saturation sample of 58 newspapers that competed in various cities with no joint operating agreement or joint ownership was…

  8. Between the Lines. A Basic Skills Newspaper Pack.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Adult Literacy and Basic Skills Unit, London (England).

    This document incorporates source materials from local and regional newspapers from different parts of the United Kingdom into learning activities to develop literacy skills. The activities are organized into seven sections as follows: local newspapers (types of local newspapers, regular and special features, columns and blocks, and reading the…

  9. Economic Forces behind Newspapers' Increasing Use of Color and Graphics.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kenney, Keith; Lacy, Stephen

    Noting that technology in the field of graphics and printing has permitted greater use of color, photographs, and graphics by newspapers, a study examined the effects of economic factors such as newspaper competition and ownership on the actual use of new technology for color and graphics. The newspaper sample, stratified on the basis of ownership…

  10. An Analysis of Newspaper Antitrust Actions: 1980-1986.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Busterna, John C.

    The American Newspaper Association's 1986 compilation of 45 newspaper antitrust actions filed since 1980 revealed that the majority of antitrust actions during that period involved disputes over advertising practices. The federal government was virtually absent in its enforcement of antitrust laws against newspapers. About one-third of the…

  11. Newspaper Advertising Impact in Non-Metropolitan Markets.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lynn, Jerry R.

    A telephone survey of 1,487 adults in 91 nonmetropolitan areas of Tennessee was conducted to determine the nonmetropolitan newspaper audience, the exposure and effectiveness of nonmetro newspaper advertising, and the complementary relationship of advertising media, particularly newspapers and television, in nonmetropolitan markets. The results…

  12. Circulation Price Elasticity in the Daily Newspaper Industry.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grotta, Gerald L.; Taylor, Michael Lee

    Pricing of subscriptions and single copies has historically been arbitrary. Evidence indicates that the newspaper industry has tended to overestimate the elasticity of demand for newspaper circulation. This study analyzed price changes, circulation changes, and population changes for all daily newspapers in the United States between 1970 and 1975.…

  13. The Newspaper in the Classroom: Teaching Aids for Elementary Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Helleis, Shirley C.; And Others

    Four booklets on the uses of newspapers in the elementary classroom are included. "Developing Creative and Critical Thinking Skills Through Use of the Newspaper in the Elementary Classroom" outlines how newspaper articles can provide a basis for discussions of issues, development of language skills and vocabulary, and composition assignments.…

  14. Newspaper in the Classroom. Profiles of Promise 40.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hawke, Sharryl

    Newspapers are extensively used as the primary source material in all classes at Emerson Elementary School, Granite City, Illinois. Textbooks and other resources are used to supplement the daily issues of the St. Louis Globe-Democrat received at the school. Learning activities and the role of the newspaper vary in each classroom. The newspaper's…

  15. The Image of People with Intellectual Disability in Taiwan Newspapers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chen, Chih-Hsuan; Hsu, Kan-Lin; Shu, Bih-Ching; Fetzer, Susan

    2012-01-01

    Background: There is limited research on the development of newspaper analysis about the images of people with ID in Chinese newspapers. The purpose of this study was: (a) to understand the general image of persons with ID presented in printed newspapers in Taiwan, and (b) to classify the various images of persons with ID and to measure the…

  16. Perceptions of Newspapers by Student and Non-Student Readers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harris, Wanda

    A study examined the readership habits and gratifications of southern Illinois student and non-student newspaper readers. The study involved the "Southern Illinoisan," a privately owned regional newspaper, and the "Daily Egyptian," a student-operated newspaper. Other papers included the "Chicago Tribune," the…

  17. Alar and Apples: Newspaper Coverage of a Major Risk Issue.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Friedman, Sharon M.; And Others

    A study reviewed coverage in 13 newspapers during 1989 of the issue of spraying the pesticide Alar on apples. Using VU/TEXT, a newspaper database, 297 articles in 13 newspapers that included the specified code words "Alar" with or without "apple" or "apples" were retrieved and analyzed using a 33-question coding…

  18. Using the Newspaper in Secondary Social Studies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guenther, John

    The major goal of social studies education is to provide students with the skills and knowledge essential for effective participation in society. As a supplement to more traditional social studies material, newspapers can help students make the connection between the classroom and real life. The social studies activities suggested in this guide…

  19. 27 CFR 6.92 - Newspaper cuts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Newspaper cuts. 6.92 Section 6.92 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO TAX AND TRADE BUREAU, DEPARTMENT... engraved blocks for use in retailers' advertisements may be given or sold by an industry member to...

  20. Hook 'Em Using the Newspaper as Bait.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rodine, Jody A.

    Designed for teachers to use with intermediate and junior high level students, the activities in this booklet focus on the newspaper as a teaching tool in three broad areas: (1) Language Arts; (2) Reading and Language; and (3) Reading, Language, and Math. The language arts section contains 14 activities identifying parts of speech, practicing…

  1. Reader Reactions to Color in Newspapers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bohle, Robert H.; Garcia, Mario R.

    In order to discover reader reactions to color on a newspaper page, specifically eye movement and overall opinion of the paper, identical pages were created and printed by the "St. Petersburg Times" (Florida). The content of fifteen front pages, six lifestyles pages, and three sports front pages were nearly identical, differing only in the kind…

  2. News Research for Better Newspapers. Volume 4.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bush, Chilton R., Ed.

    This volume contains all of the material published in American Newspaper Publishers Association (ANPA) News Research Bulletins during 1968. The 49 studies included are arranged under the following chapter titles: "Some Audience Characteristics,""Headlines and Makeup,""Content,""Some Communication Behavior,""Readership,""Readership by…

  3. News Research for Better Newspapers, Volume Five.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bush, Chilton R., Comp.

    The findings of research studies that come from a variety of sources and concern newspapers, some aspects of television news, and news media audiences are summarized briefly. Among the topics are audience characteristics, content of stories, readership, headlines and makeup, editorial policy, and editorial administration and personnel. Most of the…

  4. Logical Structure of a Hypermedia Newspaper.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Saarela, Janne; Turpeinen, Marko; Puskala, Tuomas; Korkea-aho, Mari; Sulonen, Reijo

    1997-01-01

    Describes an object-oriented approach which implements the logical model of a hypermedia newspaper based on experiences with the OtaOnline project at the Helsinki University of Technology (Finland.) Highlights include presentation formats, a semantical rating system, distribution schemes, metadata, and added-value features facilitated by the…

  5. The Newspaper in the American History Classroom.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Newton, Richard F.; Sprague, Peter F.

    This teacher guide contains 14 sample lesson plans based on issues faced throughout American history and still being headlined in today's newspaper. The lesson plans include exploration and National Pride, Jefferson and Hamilton, Checks and Balances, Supply and Demand, Presidential Impeachment, Voting Rights, Historical Analogies, Predictions and…

  6. Editorial Selection in Newspaper TMC Publications.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Adams, Paul D.

    A study investigated the kinds of content total market coverage (TMC) publications carry, the role of the newsroom in publishing them, and how closely identified they are with the parent newspaper. These TMC publications, begun only a few years ago, are designed to cover the total market with selected, preprinted advertisements inserted into…

  7. Newspaper Readership Habits in the Black Community.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gibbons, R. Arnold

    This is a report of a survey conducted to determine newspaper readership habits of persons living within the circulation of the "Amsterdam News," a black weekly published in New York City. The survey was conducted with the purpose of increasing advertising revenues and assisting the management of the "Amsterdam News" with…

  8. Open Up Your Newspaper with Advertising.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spielberger, Ronald E.

    1980-01-01

    Suggests ways the business office of a student newspaper can ease the conflicts between news and advertising space, including: raising advertising rates, selling ads only in uniform sizes, charging extra for premium space, selling special features, and selling space around a monthly calendar of special events. (TJ)

  9. IYA2009 newspaper insert in your community

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Harvey, J.

    2008-06-01

    The Gemini PIO (Public Information Officer) offers suggestions on how to approach your local newspaper about a newspaper insert for your community being published during IYA2009. Local government support, articles by astronomers, advertisers, and appointing someone within your organisation to manage the content will be discussed. We will explain the timeline required, the number of personnel hours required, developmental stages and income a local newspaper would have to generate to produce a quality, table-top supplement. In 2003, over 30,000 copies of Stars over Mauna Kea, a special supplement in tabloid format were produced and distributed in the local newspapers in Hilo, Hawaii. The publication, 48 pages in total, featured profiles of the observatories on Mauna Kea, stories about the geology and legends of Mauna Kea, and historical information about the evolution of astronomy in Hawaii. In additionthe publication included a series of essays titled In their own words. These articles were written by key members of the astronomy community. Sixty thousand copies of Stars over Mauna Kea II were printed as a follow-up to the first edition in 2005. This second edition included an article on the `Imiloa Astronomy Education Center, explanations about the types of telescopes on Mauna Kea and columns written by scientists about the fascinating and significant discoveries made on Hawaii. Personal stories about careers in astronomy were also highlighted. In Chile, a similar eight-page supplement, featuring Gemini, CTIO and SOAR telescopes, was published in 2005 and 5000 copies were distributed throughout the country.

  10. Engaging Honors Students through Newspaper Blackout Poetry

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ladenheim, Melissa

    2014-01-01

    This article describes the author's attempt to convince her students that poetry can be "their thing," and also show them how much it can shape the way they think about the world and their place in it. In this article Melissa Ladenheim describes the technique known as "newspaper blackout" poetry. The exciting thing about this…

  11. Reading the Newspaper as a Social Text

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Segall, Avner; Schmidt, Sander

    2006-01-01

    In today's culture, some of the most commonly shared experiences involve the mass media. The media--film, television, radio, newspapers, magazines, music, advertising, and software industries--have become primary avenues through which most come to know about the world, both near and far. They help frame the world, elevating certain issues, and the…

  12. The Lexical Style of Indian English Newspapers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dubey, Vinod S.

    1991-01-01

    Applies a functional perspective to examine aspects of lexical style in English-language Indian newspapers and to explore the dynamics of Indian nativization of English. Findings reveal that the sociocultural constraints of the native situation significantly affect lexicology, with variations influenced more by situations than by language…

  13. Broadsheet English: Teaching English through Newspaper Articles

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Akdemir, Ahmet Selcuk; Barin, Muzaffer; Demiroz, Hakan

    2012-01-01

    In this study it is aimed to debate whether newspaper articles can be used as speaking materials in foreign language courses as they include most actual and living language patterns by all means. A quasi-experimental study has been carried out at Vocational School of Tourism and Hotel Services of Erzincan University. Thirty-eight preparatory…

  14. Correspondence Education Through a National Newspaper.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clarke, R. F.

    The Department of Extra-Mural Studies of Makerere University College, Uganda, experimented with developing correspondence courses in several subjects which were published in the weekly newspaper "The People" during 1967. Three 30-week courses (Communication, Elements of Government, and Economics) were included in a special supplement to…

  15. You Be the Judge: Newspaper Advertising Layout.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Koeninger, Jimmy G.

    The learning package is designed to provide the marketing educator with a culminating activity for an instructional unit focusing on advertising layout principles and procedures. It is to be used in conjunction with 35mm slides of newspaper advertisements, which the student views and rates in comparison with the ratings of a panel of experts. A…

  16. The Value of Color in Newspaper Design.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bohle, Robert

    1987-01-01

    Discusses the ways in which color halftones can be used in campus newspapers to attract attention to ads, headlines, and editorial copy. Explains how to change the hue, value, and saturation of a color and the effects the changes should achieve. (AYC)

  17. Authoring Newspaper Science Articles: A Rewarding Experience

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gonzalez-Espada, Wilson J.

    2009-01-01

    In this article, the author summarizes the rationale for using science articles in K-16 education and addresses some of its limitations. The author also encourages scientists and college science faculty to contribute contextually relevant articles that might include selected literary techniques to their local or state newspapers.

  18. KURDISH READERS. PART I, NEWSPAPER KURDISH.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    ABDULLA, JAMAL JALAL; MCCARUS, ERNEST N.

    ASSUMING A MASTERY OF THE CONTENTS OF THE "BASIC COURSE IN KURDISH" (BY THE SAME AUTHORS), THIS READER PRESENTS A VARIETY OF 28 ARTICLES SELECTED FROM THE IRAQI NEWSPAPERS "ZHIN" AND "KHEBAT." EACH LESSON BEGINS WITH A SELECTION WRITTEN IN KURDISH (MODIFIED ARABIC-PERSIAN) SCRIPT, FOLLOWED BY PHONEMIC TRANSCRIPTION…

  19. A Quantitative Profile of Gannett Newspapers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jensen, Dwight Wm.

    Measurements were taken from 8 randomly selected Gannett papers and from 23 non-Gannett papers in an effort to determine whether Gannett papers are unlike other kinds of papers. The content of every issue of every newspaper was divided and measured into eight categories: advertising, news, opinion, letters, sports, features, entertainment, and…

  20. Electronic Newspapers: Toward a Research Agenda.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cameron, Glen T.; Curtin, Patricia A.

    In the mid-1980s, when early electronic newspapers failed to live up to their promise, industry analysts declared them dead as a mass medium. But just 10 years later, "E-papers" are once again receiving much media hype, although little academic research has been done on them. Academic literature, trade articles, online discussions, and…

  1. National newspaper coverage of minority health disparities.

    PubMed Central

    Amzel, Anouk; Ghosh, Chandak

    2007-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: To assess American newspaper coverage regarding racial and ethnic minority health disparities (MHDs). METHODS: LexisNexis was queried with specific word combinations to elicit all MHD articles printed in 257 newspapers from 2000-2004. The full texts were read and articles categorized by racial/ethnic group and specific MHD topics mentioned. RESULTS: In the five years from 2000-2004, 1188 MHD articles were published, representing 0.09% of all articles about health. Newspapers gave much attention to MHD when discussed in conferences and meetings and speeches by senior health officials and politicians. Cancer, cardiovascular disease and HIV/AIDS were most frequent among disease-specific mentions. Articles about African Americans comprised 60.4% of all race/ethnicity-mentioning articles. CONCLUSIONS: Despite the release of major organizational reports and the publication of many studies confirming the prevalence of MHD, few newspaper articles have been published explaining MHD to the public. Because of the general public's low rate of health literacy, the health world should collaborate with the media to present a consistent, simple message concerning gaps in care experienced by all racial/ethnic minority groups. In a time of consumer-directed healthcare, if Americans understand that MHDs exist, they may galvanize to advocate for disparity elimination and quality improvement. PMID:17987915

  2. Gender Representation in Newspaper Business Sections.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Greenwald, Marilyn S.

    To examine the representation of women in newspaper business sections, a study conducted content analyses of 30 business section front pages in "The Columbus Dispatch" in Ohio (weekly circulation about 260,000 and Sunday circulation 350,000) and "The (Louisville) Courier-Journal" in Kentucky (weekly circulation about 233,000…

  3. Chinese newspaper coverage of genetically modified organisms

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Background Debates persist around the world over the development and use of genetically modified organisms (GMO). News media has been shown to both reflect and influence public perceptions of health and science related debates, as well as policy development. To better understand the news coverage of GMOs in China, we analyzed the content of articles in two Chinese newspapers that relate to the development and promotion of genetically modified technologies and GMOs. Methods Searching in the Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure Core Newspaper Database (CNKI-CND), we collected 77 articles, including news reports, comments and notes, published between January 2002 and August 2011 in two of the major Chinese newspapers: People’s Daily and Guangming Daily. We examined articles for perspectives that were discussed and/or mentioned regarding GMOs, the risks and benefits of GMOs, and the tone of news articles. Results The newspaper articles reported on 29 different kinds of GMOs. Compared with the possible risks, the benefits of GMOs were much more frequently discussed in the articles. 48.1% of articles were largely supportive of the GM technology research and development programs and the adoption of GM cottons, while 51.9% of articles were neutral on the subject of GMOs. Risks associated with GMOs were mentioned in the newspaper articles, but none of the articles expressed negative tones in regards to GMOs. Conclusion This study demonstrates that the Chinese print media is largely supportive of GMOs. It also indicates that the print media describes the Chinese government as actively pursuing national GMO research and development programs and the promotion of GM cotton usage. So far, discussion of the risks associated with GMOs is minimal in the news reports. The media, scientists, and the government should work together to ensure that science communication is accurate and balanced. PMID:22551150

  4. The nature of newspaper coverage of homicide

    PubMed Central

    Taylor, C; Sorenson, S

    2002-01-01

    Objectives: Previous research has shown that some homicides are more likely than others to receive newspaper coverage (for example, homicides by strangers). The present investigation examined whether, once the decision has been made to report on a homicide, the nature of the coverage (that is, how much visibility is given to a story, what information is included, and how a story is written) differs according to two key variables, victim ethnicity, and victim-suspect relationship. Setting: Los Angeles, California (USA). Methods: Homicide articles from the 1990–94 issues of the Los Angeles Times were stratified according to the predictors of interest (victim ethnicity and victim-suspect relationship) and a sample was drawn. Data that characterized two primary aspects of newspaper coverage, prominence and story framing (including background information, story focus, use of opinions, story tone, and "hook" or leading introductory lines) were abstracted from the articles. Descriptive statistics and cross tabulations were generated. Multivariate analyses were conducted to examine the predictive value of victim ethnicity and victim-suspect relationship on the nature of the newspaper coverage. Results: Newspaper coverage of homicide was generally factual, episodic, and unemotional in tone. Victim-suspect relationship, but not victim ethnicity, was related to how a story was covered, particularly the story frame. Homicides by intimates were covered consistently differently from other types of homicides; these stories were less likely to be opinion dominated, be emotional, and begin with a "hook". Conclusion: Victim-suspect relationship was related to the nature of coverage of homicides in a large, metropolitan newspaper. Given the agenda setting and issue framing functions of the news media, these findings have implications for the manner in which the public and policy makers perceive homicides and, consequently, for the support afforded to various types of solutions for

  5. 76 FR 34034 - Newspapers Used for Publication of Legal Notices by the Intermountain Region; Utah, Idaho, Nevada...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-10

    ...: Idaho Statesman Lowman District Ranger decisions: Idaho World Bridger-Teton National Forest Bridger... Forest Service Newspapers Used for Publication of Legal Notices by the Intermountain Region; Utah, Idaho, Nevada, and Wyoming AGENCY: Forest Service, USDA. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: This notice lists...

  6. 76 FR 19030 - Newspapers To Be Used for Publication of Legal Notice of Appealable Decisions and Publication of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-06

    ... (Wednesday) in Clarksville, AR. St. Francis National Forest: The Daily World, published daily (Sunday through... Forest Service Newspapers To Be Used for Publication of Legal Notice of Appealable Decisions and..., Puerto Rico AGENCY: Forest Service, USDA. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: Deciding Officers in the...

  7. Newspapers Are for Kids, Too! A Newspaper in Education Handbook for Parents [and] Eddy Torial Brings Big News for Small People (Fun Activities with the Newspaper for Kids).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Herrmann, Polly

    Focusing on the theory that the newspaper can play an active role in children's education, this handbook shows parents how to use the newspaper to help their children learn and review the many skills needed in today's complex world. It suggests that parents (1) share the responsibility for teaching their children, (2) keep in mind children's…

  8. Daily Newspaper Non-Readers: Why They Don't Read.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Poindexter, Paula M.

    In an attempt to understand nonreader attitudes toward the daily newspaper, 576 non-newspaper reading adults were queried in three waves about their reasons for avoiding newspapers. In the first wave, the major findings were that nonreaders avoid newspapers because of lack of time, preference for another news medium, newspaper cost, and lack of…

  9. Reporting on health-related research in two prestigious Brazilian newspapers

    PubMed Central

    Teixeira, Ricardo Afonso; Carlini, Marcela; de Carvalho Jatobá e Sousa, Arthur; Fernandes, Paula Teixeira; Camargo, Vera Regina Toledo; Vogt, Carlos; Li, Li Min

    2012-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: The dissemination of health-related news through newspapers can influence the behavior of patients and of health care providers. We conducted a study to analyze the characteristics of health-related research published by two leading Brazilian newspapers. METHOD: We retrospectively evaluated health-related news published in the electronic versions of the newspapers Folha de São Paulo and O Estado de São Paulo over a period of three months (July through September, 2009). Only articles mentioning medical research were included. The articles were categorized according to topic, source, study location and the nature of the headline. We also analyzed the presence of background information on the topic, citations of medical periodicals, national contextualization and references to products or companies. RESULTS: Scientific research articles corresponded to 57% and 20% of health-related articles published by Folha de São Paulo and O Estado de São Paulo, respectively. Folha de São Paulo published significantly more articles about national studies, and most articles were written by its own staff. In contrast, most articles in O Estado de São Paulo came from news agencies. Folha de São Paulo also better contextualized its reports for Brazilian society. O Estado de São Paulo tended to cite the name of the periodical in which the study was published more frequently, but their articles lacked national contextualization. CONCLUSION: The results showed a significant difference in the way in which the studied newspapers report on health-related research. Folha de São Paulo tends to write its own articles and more frequently publishes the results of national research, whereas O Estado de São Paulo publishes articles that originate in news agencies, most of which have little national contextualization. PMID:22473408

  10. Amount of newspaper coverage of high school athletics for boys and girls on sports page and newspaper circulation.

    PubMed

    Pedersen, Paul M; Whisenant, Warren A

    2002-02-01

    This study analyzed the amount of coverage for high school athletics in 43 newspapers with small circulation by devoting 40% of their interscholastic athletics coverage to girls in athletics, printed significantly more articles about girls' athletics than did the newspapers with medium (33%) or large (32%) circulation. Therefore, the smaller the newspaper circulation, the more equitable the coverage of athletics for girls and boys. This finding was consistent with some prior work but not all.

  11. Newspaper: What's in It for Me? Your Complete Guide to Newspaper Careers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chattman, Ray, Ed.; And Others

    Intended to inform young people about the wealth of career opportunities in the newspaper business, this magazine-style booklet, profusely illustrated with color photographs and graphics, discusses 10 career areas (advertising, art and design, business, circulation, human resources, marketing/promotion, news/editorial, news graphics and…

  12. Content analysis of newspaper coverage of the Florida panther.

    PubMed

    Jacobson, Susan K; Langin, Cynthia; Carlton, J Stuart; Kaid, Lynda Lee

    2012-02-01

    Populations of large carnivores are declining globally, and analysis of public discourse about carnivores is useful for understanding public opinion and influences on management and policy. Portrayal of carnivores in the media affects public perceptions and support for their conservation. We conducted a content analysis of 513 articles about Florida panthers (Puma concolor coryi) published from 2003 to 2006 in newspapers with local circulation in core panther habitat in southwest Florida and papers with statewide circulation to compare the differences in the amount of coverage and portrayals of panther risks to people and property on the basis of proximity of human communities to panthers. Local papers published significantly more news articles and significantly longer news articles primarily about panthers. Articles in local and statewide papers used both episodic frames, which focus on specific occurrences (e.g., a panther sighting or predation) and thematic frames, which focus on general trends (e.g., abundance of panthers over time). Local articles more often emphasized risks that panthers might harm people, pets, or livestock than statewide papers. Our results are consistent with theory that proximity to human-carnivore conflict influences perceptions and salience of risks posed by large carnivores. Most articles mentioned panthers as a secondary topic, which we believe was a result of the relevance an endangered carnivore has in discussions of public land management, development, and regulations in Florida. Claims made by sources quoted in each article had a neutral to positive depiction of panthers, and most quotations were from federal and state agency scientists. We suggest continued use by the media of agency sources provides the opportunity for clear, concordant messages about panther management. Content analysis provides a way to monitor media portrayal of carnivores for consistency with agency outreach goals.

  13. U.S. Dailies' Competition in Relation to Circulation Size: A Newspaper Data Update

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sobel, Judith; Emery, Edwin

    1978-01-01

    Reports results of a study on the degree of competition in newspaper ownership, trends in use of press associations and other news services, changes in newspaper circulation, advertising revenue totals, and newspaper group ownership development. (GW)

  14. How Newspaper Editors Reacted to "Post's" Pulitzer Prize Hoax.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anderson, Douglas A.

    1982-01-01

    Reports the findings of a nationwide survey of newspaper editors, revealing that most thought that the Janet Cooke hoax had been poorly handled by the "Washington Post." Notes that most of the editors said their newspapers had systems of review for stories coming from anonymous sources. (FL)

  15. Science Coverage in Three Newspapers and Three Supermarket Tabloids.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hinkle, Gerald; Elliott, William R.

    1989-01-01

    Compares the relative emphasis on science news and the type of science stories covered in three mainstream newspapers and three supermarket tabloids. Finds that supermarket tabloids are more likely to cover stories about medicine and health and devote more of their news space to science stories than do mainstream newspapers. (RS)

  16. Use of Network News Material by Cross-Owned Newspapers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burriss, Larry L.; Williams, Jeanne P.

    1979-01-01

    An analysis of the use by 23 newspapers of material from the three major commercial television network interview programs--"Issues and Answers" (ABC), "Face the Nation" (CBS), and "Meet the Press" (NBC)--suggests that newspapers associated with television stations do not give preference to materials from their own…

  17. Reflecting on the Great Black Migration by Creating a Newspaper

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hines, Angela

    2008-01-01

    This article describes the ways in which the author guided her third- and fourth-grade students in the use of historical fiction and primary and secondary sources (letters, historical newspapers, census data, photos) to think and write critically about provocative historical events. In creating their own newspaper, students learned to summarize…

  18. The Portrayal of Women in Newspapers: A Meta-Analysis.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Greenwald, Marilyn S.

    To investigate the role and portrayal of women in newspapers and to determine trends emerging from this portrayal, a study examined 15 published quantitative research studies (content analyses) on the portrayal of women in newspapers, dating from 1973 until 1988. Studies were gathered primarily from "Communication Abstracts," the…

  19. Two-Year Campus Newspapers Remain Healthy Businesses.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kopenhaver, Lillian Lodge

    1994-01-01

    Describes a 1994 survey examining the role, costs, revenue, and policies related to advertising in community college newspapers, which replicated a similar 1990 survey. Discusses school demographics, newspaper characteristics, page formats, advertising rates, inserts and standard advertising units, management, revenue, and advertising acceptance…

  20. The Cross-Elasticity of Demand for National Newspaper Advertising.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Busterna, John C.

    1987-01-01

    Measures the extent to which other media compete with newspapers in the market for national advertising, using coefficients of the cross-elasticity of demand between newspapers and eight other media. Concluded that no other media reside in the same product market for national advertising. (MM)

  1. The Impact of Intercity Competition on Daily Newspaper Content.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lacy, Stephen

    A study examined whether intercity competition affects the content of daily newspapers and whether the content profile is consistent with the umbrella competition theory elaborated by James N. Rosse. Rosse's theory hypothesized four layers of newspaper competition--large metropolitan dailies, satellite daily papers, suburban dailies, and weekly…

  2. 43 CFR 3862.4-1 - Newspaper publication.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 2 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Newspaper publication. 3862.4-1 Section... Claim Patent Applications § 3862.4-1 Newspaper publication. Upon the receipt of applications for mineral... applicant for patent alone responsible for charges of publication), publish a notice of such application...

  3. 43 CFR 3862.4-1 - Newspaper publication.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 2 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Newspaper publication. 3862.4-1 Section... Claim Patent Applications § 3862.4-1 Newspaper publication. Upon the receipt of applications for mineral... applicant for patent alone responsible for charges of publication), publish a notice of such application...

  4. 43 CFR 3862.4-1 - Newspaper publication.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 2 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Newspaper publication. 3862.4-1 Section... Claim Patent Applications § 3862.4-1 Newspaper publication. Upon the receipt of applications for mineral... applicant for patent alone responsible for charges of publication), publish a notice of such application...

  5. 43 CFR 3862.4-1 - Newspaper publication.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 2 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Newspaper publication. 3862.4-1 Section... Claim Patent Applications § 3862.4-1 Newspaper publication. Upon the receipt of applications for mineral... applicant for patent alone responsible for charges of publication), publish a notice of such application...

  6. Newspaper Suppression During the Mexican War, 1846-1848.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reilly, Tom

    A number of scholars have found that wartime conditions often bring about conflict between the press and the military. This study documents the various incidents between the United States Army and various Mexican and United States newspaper editors that led to at least ten cases of newspaper suppression, the occasional use of prior censorship, and…

  7. English as a Second Language Newspaper Activities. Teacher Manual.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Byer, Jennifer; And Others

    The guide for teachers presents ideas and procedures for using newspapers in classroom instruction in English as a Second Language (ESL) in elementary and secondary education. It proposes that the newspaper offers not only material for classroom use but also information for students about the local community and the larger world. An introductory…

  8. Desktop Technology for Newspapers: Use of the Computer Tool.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilson, Howard Alan

    This work considers desktop publishing technology as a way used to paginate newspapers electronically, tracing the technology's development from the beginning of desktop publishing in the mid-1980s to the 1990s. The work emphasizes how desktop publishing technology is and can be used by weekly newspapers. It reports on a Pennsylvania weekly…

  9. A Microfilm Information Retrieval System for Newspaper Libraries

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Janda, Kenneth; Gordon, David

    1970-01-01

    Paper presented before the newspaper Division at Special Libraries Association Conference (Montreal, June 1969). A pilot program at Medill School of Journalism, Northwestern University, uses Microfilm Retrieval Access Code (Miracode) for rapid automatic searching of newspaper clipping files. (Editor/JS)

  10. Changes in Daily Newspapers: Implications for Community Political Behavior.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Michael V.

    A decline in the daily reading of newspapers has been observed in the United States since World War II. In the decade from the late 1960s to the late 1970s, most daily newspapers employed market research to document and diagnose trends in readership, to estimate their present and future audiences' composition, and to assess the audiences'…

  11. The Newspaper in the History and Social Studies Classroom.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lamb, Susan

    1980-01-01

    Outlines method for using the newspaper in the secondary school social studies classroom by comparing coverage of a single major event in several newspapers. Students compare headline, placement, length, pictures, related stories, and editorials. An example of the Iran rescue attempt is provided. (KC)

  12. Newspapers and Law-Related Education. Grades 5-9.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Diamond, Sandra; Riekes, Linda

    Designed to assist teachers of students in grades 5-7 who wish to use the newspaper as a supplemental tool in law-related education, this guide provides model lessons demonstrating ways in which the daily newspaper can enhance textbook material. Although the guide is based on ongoing law-related education programs in the St. Louis Public Schools,…

  13. Newspapers and Law-Related Education. Grades 10-12.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Diamond, Sandra; Riekes, Linda

    Designed to assist teachers of students in grades 10-12 who wish to use the newspaper as a supplemental tool in law-related education, this guide provides model lessons demonstrating ways in which the daily newspaper can enhance textbook material. Although the guide is based on ongoing law-related education programs in St. Louis Public Schools, it…

  14. Press Releases vs. Newspaper Coverage of California Supreme Court Decisions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hale, F. Dennis

    1978-01-01

    A study comparing the coverage in newspapers and press releases regarding one year's decisions of the California Supreme Court revealed that the press releases influenced the kinds of decisions that were reported but not the quantity of coverage by the newspapers. (GT)

  15. Evaluating and Recommending Greek Newspapers' Websites Using Clustering

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kanellopoulos, Dimitris; Kotsiantis, Sotiris

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: The aim of this work is to evaluate Greek newspaper websites using clustering and a number of criteria obtained from the Alexa search engine. Furthermore, a recommendation approach is proposed for matching Greek online newspapers with the profiles of potential readers. The paper presents the implementation and validation of a recommender…

  16. Alcohol coverage in California newspapers: frequency, prominence, and framing.

    PubMed

    Myhre, Sonja L; Saphir, Melissa Nichols; Flora, June A; Howard, Kim Ammann; Gonzalez, Emily McChesney

    2002-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the nature and extent of alcohol coverage in California newspapers by examining the frequency, positioning, and framing of alcohol-related articles. A content analysis assessed the frequency and nature of alcohol references in news content drawn from a random sample of nine California newspaper issues from September 1997 to June 1998. The study findings indicate that alcohol is mentioned at least once a day in daily newspapers with more frequent mention in smaller newspapers. Alcohol is most often discussed in relation to trauma or in the context of promoting alcohol consumption. Articles on trauma and driving while intoxicated receive more prominence than other stories mentioning alcohol. Despite the relative frequency of alcohol content in trauma news, these stories are rarely framed with any sort of health context. Public health advocates should work toward increasing the frequency and improving the framing of alcohol in newspaper coverage.

  17. Suicide Coverage in U.S. Newspapers Following the Publication of the Media Guidelines

    PubMed Central

    Tatum, Phillip T.; Canetto, Silvia Sara; Slater, Michael D.

    2010-01-01

    In 2001 several U.S. government agencies and health organizations, including the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, the American Foundation for Suicide Prevention, the American Association of Suicidology and the Annenberg Public Policy Center, published consensus recommendations for the media reporting of suicide. This study evaluated whether these guidelines were followed in U.S. newspapers articles on suicide published in 2002 and 2003. We examined articles featuring individual cases of suicidal behavior (N = 157) published in a nationally representative sample of 968 local and national newspapers. Our main finding is that U.S. newspaper suicide coverage did not consistently reflect the influence of the media guidelines in the two years following their publication. On the positive side, a minority (19%) of stories included inappropriate imagery. On the negative side, suicide stories often detailed suicide method (56% of stories) and location (58%) but rarely provided information about warning signs and risk factors (1% of stories), the role of depression (4%), the role of alcohol (2%), and prevention resources (6%). Our findings, together with previous evidence, suggest the need for sustained dialogue and collaboration with the media about the responsible reporting of suicide. PMID:21034215

  18. [Are newspapers a reliable source of information about doping in sports?].

    PubMed

    Durrieu, Geneviève; Gorsse, Elisabeth; Montastruc, Jean-Louis

    2004-01-01

    To study the coverage by French newspapers of doping in sports, we performed a systematic review of articles appearing between January and March 2003 on the following French websites: L'Equipe, Le Monde, Le Figaro, Libération, La Dépêche du Midi and Agence France-Presse (AFP). We recorded a total of 58 articles about doping. Among them, 48 (83%) were collected from the AFP news. L'Equipe, a French sports newspaper, published seven articles (12%). Most of the recorded data reported results of worldwide antidoping control (71%). No information about new drugs was found. The analysis of the selected articles pointed out the following: (i) the seriousness of observations related to doping since, during this 3-month period, we noted two deaths of athletes; (ii) the risks associated with the use of dietary supplements, particularly products including amphetamine derivatives; (iii) the interest in judicial investigation as an information source about doping in sports (investigation of suspicious deaths of Italian football players); and (iv) identification of the sports involved in doping (cycling, but also athletics, football, rugby). Systematic analysis of newspaper reports can be considered as a relevant method for monitoring the pharmacovigilance and pharmacoepidemiology of doping in sports.

  19. Gendered portraits of depression in Swedish newspapers.

    PubMed

    Bengs, Carita; Johansson, Eva; Danielsson, Ulla; Lehti, Arja; Hammarström, Anne

    2008-07-01

    Mass media are influential mediators of information, knowledge, and narratives of health and illness. In this article, we report on an examination of personal accounts of illness as presented in three Swedish newspapers, focusing on the gendered representation of laypersons' experiences of depression. A database search identified all articles mentioning depression during the year 2002. Twenty six articles focusing on personal experiences of depression were then subjected to a qualitative content analysis. We identified four themes: displaying a successful facade, experiencing a cracking facade, losing and regaining control, and explaining the illness. We found both similarities and differences with regard to gendered experiences. The mediated accounts of depression both upheld and challenged traditional gender stereotypes. The women's stories were more detailed, relational, emotionally oriented, and embodied. The portrayal of men was less emotional and expressive, and described a more dramatic onset of depression, reflecting hegemonic patterns of masculinity.

  20. Risk and causality in newspaper reporting.

    PubMed

    Boholm, Max

    2009-11-01

    The study addresses the textual representation of risk and causality in news media reporting. The analytical framework combines two theoretical perspectives: media frame analysis and the philosophy of causality. Empirical data derive from selected newspaper articles on risks in the Göta älv river valley in southwest Sweden from 1994 to 2007. News media content was coded and analyzed with respect to causal explanations of risk issues. At the level of individual articles, this study finds that the media provide simple causal explanations of risks such as water pollution, landslides, and flooding. Furthermore, these explanations are constructed, or framed, in various ways, the same risk being attributed to different causes in different articles. However, the study demonstrates that a fairly complex picture of risks in the media emerges when extensive material is analyzed systematically.

  1. An Analysis of Messages About Tobacco in Military Installation Newspapers

    PubMed Central

    Haddock, C. Keith; Parker, L. Carrie; Taylor, Jennifer E.; Poston, Walker S.C.; Lando, Harry; Talcott, G. Wayne

    2005-01-01

    Objectives. We sought to gauge the relative attention that tobacco control receives in military newspapers by comparing coverage of tobacco use with that of other health topics of importance to the military. Methods. We examined tobacco-related articles and industry advertisements in 793 newspapers published during 1 year at 16 representative military installations (4 Air Force, 6 Army, 2 Marine, 4 Navy). Newspaper content was coded with a standardized coding manual developed through previous research. Results. Tobacco use received the fewest instances of coverage and the least print space in military installation newspapers of all the health topics examined. The primary “message frame” used in tobacco control articles was that smokers are putting themselves at health risk, a theme that has not been found to have a strong effect on smokers. Nearly 10% of the newspapers contained tobacco advertisements. Conclusions. Tobacco control messages are underrepresented in military installation newspapers compared with other health issues. Furthermore, military newspapers send mixed messages to military personnel by providing advertisements for tobacco while also claiming that tobacco use is harmful. PMID:16043672

  2. What the newspapers say about medication adherence: a content analysis

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background This study investigates the coverage of adherence to medicine by the UK and US newsprint media. Adherence to medicine is recognised as an important issue facing healthcare professionals and the newsprint media is a key source of health information, however, little is known about newspaper coverage of medication adherence. Methods A search of the newspaper database Nexis®UK from 2004–2011 was performed. Content analysis of newspaper articles which referenced medication adherence from the twelve highest circulating UK and US daily newspapers and their Sunday equivalents was carried out. A second researcher coded a 15% sample of newspaper articles to establish the inter-rater reliability of coding. Results Searches of newspaper coverage of medication adherence in the UK and US yielded 181 relevant articles for each country. There was a large increase in the number of scientific articles on medication adherence in PubMed® over the study period, however, this was not reflected in the frequency of newspaper articles published on medication adherence. UK newspaper articles were significantly more likely to report the benefits of adherence (p = 0.005), whereas US newspaper articles were significantly more likely to report adherence issues in the elderly population (p = 0.004) and adherence associated with diseases of the central nervous system (p = 0.046). The most commonly reported barriers to adherence were patient factors e.g. poor memory, beliefs and age, whereas, the most commonly reported facilitators to adherence were medication factors including simplified regimens, shorter treatment duration and combination tablets. HIV/AIDS was the single most frequently cited disease (reported in 20% of newspaper articles). Poor quality reporting of medication adherence was identified in 62% of newspaper articles. Conclusion Adherence is not well covered in the newspaper media despite a significant presence in the medical literature. The mass media have the

  3. The "Total" Newspaper: Suggestions for a Wider Conceptual Approach to Education for Careers in Journalism. Revised.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hirt, Paul S.

    To assist journalism students in making informed decisions regarding newspaper work, a brief course was devised that was based on a total newspaper concept. Defining the newspaper as the interaction of all of its departments in a unique geographic, demographic, and economic setting, this course focused on the traditional approach to a newspaper;…

  4. A Content Analysis of Turkish Newspapers: Prevalence of Articles Containing Health Information Related to Physical Activity

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Koksal, Leyla; Subasi, Feryal; Luleci, Emel; Hey, William

    2012-01-01

    This study was retrospective in design and the purpose was to review health information related to PA (physical activity) in articles of Turkish newspapers. The search covered newspaper articles printed between January 1, 2002 and December 31, 2004 in all Turkish newspapers that are accessible via the electronic newspaper database. Four daily…

  5. Gifted Kids in the Real-World Newspaper Business.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brabham, Kathie; And Others

    1992-01-01

    A school-business partnership in Rock Hill, South Carolina, resulted in fifth grade gifted students designing all the advertisements for local businesses in a special edition of the newspaper. Six lessons on advertising are summarized. (DB)

  6. How Readers and Advertisers Benefit from Local Newspaper Competition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Everett, Shu-Ling Chen; Everett, Stephen E.

    1989-01-01

    Explores relations among three competitive schemes with respect to newspapers' price structures, including advertising rates and prices to consumers. Finds that readers get some benefit from greater competition, but that advertisers do not. (MM)

  7. Changing news: re-adjusting science studies to online newspapers.

    PubMed

    Riesch, Hauke

    2011-11-01

    With the newspapers' recent move to online reporting, traditional norms and practices of news reporting have changed to accommodate the new realities of online news writing. In particular, online news is much more fluid and prone to change in content than the traditional hard-copy newspapers--online newspaper articles often change over the course of the following days or even weeks as they respond to criticisms and new information becoming available. This poses a problem for social scientists who analyse newspaper coverage of science, health and risk topics, because it is no longer clear who has read and written what version, and what impact they potentially had on the national debates on these topics. In this note I want to briefly flag up this problem through two recent examples of U.K. national science stories and discuss the potential implications for PUS media research.

  8. Newspapers and Crime: What Happens During Strike Periods

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Payne, David E.

    1974-01-01

    Refutes the thesis that relates various types of mass media, especially the newspaper, to rates of aggression, violence, and deviance by comparing crime statistics during strike and nonstrike periods.

  9. 1978 Pacemaker Newspaper Awards: What Makes a Pacemaker?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brasler, Wayne

    1979-01-01

    Lists the nine high school and college newspapers, and the one newsmagazine, that won Pacemaker Awards in 1978; discusses characteristics that make each of them outstanding, and provides reproductions of a front page from each publication. (GT)

  10. Once-Trustworthy Newspaper Databases Have Become Unreliable and Frustrating.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carlson, Scott

    2002-01-01

    Discusses how a Supreme Court decision last year in "The New York Times Company v. Jonathan Tasini" has led publishers to make massive purges of archival material in newspaper databases, rendering them unreliable for many scholars. (EV)

  11. Low risk of nevirapine resistance mutations in the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV-1: Agence Nationale de Recherches sur le SIDA Ditrame Plus, Abidjan, Cote d'Ivoire.

    PubMed

    Chaix, Marie-Laure; Ekouevi, Didier Koumavi; Rouet, Francois; Tonwe-Gold, Besigin; Viho, Ida; Bequet, Laurence; Peytavin, Gilles; Toure, Hassane; Menan, Herve; Leroy, Valeriane; Dabis, Francois; Rouzioux, Christine

    2006-02-15

    The frequency of resistance mutations was estimated in the cohort of Agence Nationale de Recherches sur le SIDA Ditrame Plus, a study that evaluated the combination of short-course zidovudine (ZDV) plus lamivudine (3TC) and single-dose nevirapine (SD-NVP) followed by 3 days of postpartum ZDV plus 3TC for the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1). The frequency with which resistance mutations were detected in mothers at week 4 postpartum was 1.14% (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.03%-6.17%) for NVP and 8.33% (95% CI, 3.66%-15.76%) for 3TC. In multivariate analysis, 3TC resistance was associated with a longer duration of ZDV plus 3TC prepartum prophylaxis (P=.009). This regimen, which is feasible in resource-limited settings, prevents most peripartum HIV-1 transmission and minimizes the development of NVP resistance.

  12. Representations of SARS in the British newspapers.

    PubMed

    Washer, Peter

    2004-12-01

    In the Spring of 2003, there was a huge interest in the global news media following the emergence of a new infectious disease: severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS). This study examines how this novel disease threat was depicted in the UK newspapers, using social representations theory and in particular existing work on social representations of HIV/AIDS and Ebola to analyse the meanings of the epidemic. It investigates the way that SARS was presented as a dangerous threat to the UK public, whilst almost immediately the threat was said to be 'contained' using the mechanism of 'othering': SARS was said to be unlikely to personally affect the UK reader because the Chinese were so different to 'us'; so 'other'. In this sense, the SARS scare, despite the remarkable speed with which it was played out in the modern global news media, resonates with the meanings attributed to other epidemics of infectious diseases throughout history. Yet this study also highlights a number of differences in the social representations of SARS compared with earlier epidemics. In particular, this study examines the phenomena of 'emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases' over the past 30 or so years and suggests that these have impacted on the faith once widely held that Western biomedicine could 'conquer' infectious disease.

  13. Newspaper coverage of water issues in Australia.

    PubMed

    Hurlimann, Anna; Dolnicar, Sara

    2012-12-01

    The media has been found to have an impact on public debate, public opinion, and public policy agendas. Public debate, and public opinion about water conservation and water supply management projects matter because they can influence specific outcomes. For example, public opinion can potentially lead to positive behaviour, like increased water conservation, or potentially negative behaviours such as public opposition to developments such as dams or water recycling plants, which may be necessary under changing climatic conditions. It is therefore critical to understand how the media reports on water-related topics. Results from a content analysis of 1253 newspaper articles published in Australia in 2008 indicate that water-related reports are characterised by lack of inclusion of views held by various stakeholders, a low level of support of statements with scientific evidence, a low level of impartiality in the sense of reporting on opposing views and a relatively high level of hedging, meaning that the author signals that there is some uncertainly about the reported information. In sum these tendencies could theoretically culminate to work against public engagement in water issues and undermine the public's understanding of and confidence in water management measures. Proactive measures of media management are recommended.

  14. Morning and Evening Daily Newspaper Readers. An NRC Mining Company Report. American Newspaper Publishers Association (ANPA) News Research Report No. 38.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mohn, Elsa

    Data collected from 36 different markets and 82 research reports were used to compare the readers of morning and evening newspapers. Patterns across markets revealed morning newspaper readers are more likely than evening newspaper readers to have white-collar occupations, to be better educated, and to have no children under 18 years of age present…

  15. Psychographics Made Simple [and] Newspaper Readership and Proximity to Metropolitan Markets. American Newspaper Publishers Association (ANPA) News Research Report No. 34.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Meyer, Philip; Lynn, Jerry R.

    The first article in this report discusses how psychographic measures can be used to describe newspaper readers' life styles and to distinguish readers of different newspapers in a market. It reports the findings of a study revealing that in three markets, different psychographic profiles emerged for readers of morning and afternoon newspapers.…

  16. Poor replication validity of biomedical association studies reported by newspapers

    PubMed Central

    Smith, Andy; Boraud, Thomas; Gonon, François

    2017-01-01

    Objective To investigate the replication validity of biomedical association studies covered by newspapers. Methods We used a database of 4723 primary studies included in 306 meta-analysis articles. These studies associated a risk factor with a disease in three biomedical domains, psychiatry, neurology and four somatic diseases. They were classified into a lifestyle category (e.g. smoking) and a non-lifestyle category (e.g. genetic risk). Using the database Dow Jones Factiva, we investigated the newspaper coverage of each study. Their replication validity was assessed using a comparison with their corresponding meta-analyses. Results Among the 5029 articles of our database, 156 primary studies (of which 63 were lifestyle studies) and 5 meta-analysis articles were reported in 1561 newspaper articles. The percentage of covered studies and the number of newspaper articles per study strongly increased with the impact factor of the journal that published each scientific study. Newspapers almost equally covered initial (5/39 12.8%) and subsequent (58/600 9.7%) lifestyle studies. In contrast, initial non-lifestyle studies were covered more often (48/366 13.1%) than subsequent ones (45/3718 1.2%). Newspapers never covered initial studies reporting null findings and rarely reported subsequent null observations. Only 48.7% of the 156 studies reported by newspapers were confirmed by the corresponding meta-analyses. Initial non-lifestyle studies were less often confirmed (16/48) than subsequent ones (29/45) and than lifestyle studies (31/63). Psychiatric studies covered by newspapers were less often confirmed (10/38) than the neurological (26/41) or somatic (40/77) ones. This is correlated to an even larger coverage of initial studies in psychiatry. Whereas 234 newspaper articles covered the 35 initial studies that were later disconfirmed, only four press articles covered a subsequent null finding and mentioned the refutation of an initial claim. Conclusion Journalists

  17. Cost-effective advertising through TV and newspaper "banner" ads.

    PubMed

    Gombeski, William R; Taylor, Jan; Krauss, Katie; Medeiros, Clayton

    2003-01-01

    Banner ads, small strip ads in newspapers used to specifically promote an information piece, were introduced into one newspaper in the Connecticut market in 1999 by Yale-New Haven Hospital (YNHH). Based on their success, the concept was expanded to six additional newspapers in late 2000 and to TV in the summer of 2001. Between 2000-2002, even as the overall marketing/advertising budget declined 30%, switching advertising dollars from image/display ads to banner ads resulted in consumer awareness of YNHH increasing from 29% to 42%. Perception of YNHH as "the advanced medicine" hospital grew from 22% to 40% during the same period. The specific strategic and operational actions generated since the implementation of the program are detailed and the advantages and disadvantages of this banner advertising approach are discussed. Banner ads may offer an alternative approach for organizations to advertise their products and programs.

  18. Newspaper reporting of homicide-suicide and mental illness

    PubMed Central

    Flynn, Sandra; Gask, Linda; Shaw, Jenny

    2015-01-01

    Aims and method To explore the portrayal of homicide-suicide in newspaper articles, particularly how mental illness was reported. We carried out a qualitative study in England and Wales (2006-2008). Data from newspaper articles obtained via the LexisNexis database were used to examine a consecutive series of 60 cases. Results A fascination with extreme violence, vulnerable victims and having someone to blame made homicide-suicides newsworthy. Some offenders were portrayed in a stereotypical manner and pejorative language was used to describe mental illness. The findings showed evidence of inaccurate and speculative reference to mental disorder in newspaper reports. Clinical implications The media should avoid speculation on people's mental state. Accurate reporting is essential to reduce stigma of mental illness, which may in turn encourage people to seek help if they experience similar emotional distress. PMID:26755983

  19. Alcohol and tobacco advertising in black and general audience newspapers: targeting with message cues?

    PubMed

    Cohen, Elisia L; Caburnay, Charlene A; Rodgers, Shelly

    2011-07-01

    This study content analyzed 928 tobacco- and alcohol-related advertisements from a 3-year national sample of Black (n = 24) and general audience (n = 11) newspapers from 24 U.S. cities. The authors compared the frequency of tobacco and alcohol product and control advertising in Black versus general audience newspapers, as well as the presence of 5 message cues: model ethnicity, presence of health official, referral to resources, personal behavior mobilization, and localization. Results within health issues show that Black newspapers had more alcohol product advertising than did general audience newspapers. In contrast, Black newspapers had less alcohol and tobacco control advertising than general audience newspapers. Black newspapers' tobacco/alcohol product advertisements had more African American models than did general audience newspapers' tobacco/alcohol advertising, whereas general audience newspapers' tobacco control advertisements were significantly more likely to feature public health officials than ads in Black newspapers. Fewer message cues such as personal behavior mobilization, referral to resources, and localization were present in Black versus general audience newspapers. Results suggest that Black newspapers may have greater dependency than do general audience newspapers on these risk-related advertisements that target African American consumers. Given the current advertising environment, public health initiatives are needed to counter unhealthy alcohol product advertising messages that target vulnerable populations.

  20. How Do National Newspapers Report on Sex and Relationship Education in England?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Simey, Piers; Wellings, Kaye

    2008-01-01

    Issues relating to the sexual behaviour and sexual health of young people consistently capture newspaper headlines in the UK. The present paper provides a qualitative analysis of national newspaper articles reporting on sex and relationship education (SRE) within the context of teenage pregnancy. Overall, conservative newspapers were generally…

  1. Effects of a Year-Long Newspaper Energy Series on Reader Knowledge and Action.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abbott, Eric A.

    The effects of a year-long newspaper series about energy on peoples' knowledge and actions were assessed in a Wisconsin study. The series consisted of 20 full-page newspaper articles, which appeared at intervals of from three to five weeks. Results, based on responses to a 16-item knowledge test mailed to newspaper subscribers and nonsubscribers…

  2. Front Page to Want Ads: Reading Newspapers in the ESOL Class.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    James, Charles J.

    The article presents suggestions for using English language newspapers in teaching English to speakers of other languages (ESOL). The format of a typical American newspaper is described first. The types of text found in a newspaper are: (1) Technical Material (headlines, tables of contents, mastheads, etc.), (2) Short Material (want ads, squibs,…

  3. Playing the Indian Princess? Sarah Winnemucca's Newspaper Career and Performance of American Indian Identities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sorisio, Carolyn

    2011-01-01

    In an age when American newspapers reported on US-Indian Relations in a sporadic and biased manner, Northern Paiute educator, translator, author, and activist Sarah Winnemucca produced sustained, specific, and often sympathetic coverage. She was well aware of newspapers' power, as demonstrated by the more than four hundred newspaper items by or…

  4. News and Editorial Content and Readership of the Daily Newspaper. New Research Bulletin No. 5.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Newspaper Publishers Association, Washington, DC.

    This booklet presents the results of a national survey sponsored by the American Newspaper Publishers Association News Research Center concerning the news and editorial content and readership of the daily newspaper. Since one of the goals of the study was a reliable estimate of the frequency of newspaper reading, interviewing was conducted in two…

  5. Energy and the Way We Live. A Courses by Newspaper Reader.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kranzberg, Melvin, Ed.; And Others

    This book of readings and a study guide on energy is part of the twelfth Course by Newspaper, "Energy and the Way We Live." Courses by Newspaper is a program presenting college-level courses to the public through the cooperation of newspapers and participating colleges. Other components of this course are the Source Book (SO 012 722) and…

  6. Commercial Newspapers May Be Struggling, but Student Ones Are Humming along

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Keller, Josh

    2008-01-01

    It's all doom and gloom in commercial newspapers these days: buyouts, layoffs, and fleeing advertisers. However, most student newspapers seem to be doing just fine. Student publications are not entirely immune to the changes in readership and advertising spending that have severely cut into the profits of much of the newspaper industry. However,…

  7. Australian Newspaper Index Feasibility Study. Development of Resource Sharing Networks. Networks Study No. 13.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stafford, Robert

    This study of the need for and feasibility of creating an Australian newspaper index comprises a brief historical background; an outline of the current position regarding access to newspapers, including the international scene; an assessment of the need for an Australian newspaper index; recommendations on the breadth and depth of subject coverage…

  8. A Sourcebook for Energy and the Way We Live. Courses by Newspaper.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Elwood, Ann

    The guide presents teaching suggestions and lists resources to be used with the twelfth Course by Newspaper, "Energy and the Way We Live." Courses by Newspaper is a program presenting college-level courses to the public through the cooperation of newspapers and participating colleges. Other components of this course are the Article…

  9. Energy and the Way We Live. Article Booklet for the Twelfth Course by Newspaper.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Newman, Dorothy K.; And Others

    The 15 articles in this booklet were written for the twelfth Course by Newspaper, "Energy and the Way We Live." Courses by Newspaper is a program presenting college-level courses to the public through the cooperation of newspapers and participating colleges. Other components of this course are the Reader/Study Guide (SO 012 724) and the…

  10. Afternoon Delight. A Report of the APME P.M. Newspaper Committee.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Associated Press Managing Editors.

    Intended for newspaper managing editors, this collection of articles discusses the following topics: (1) prescriptions to keep America's P.M. dailies healthy and thriving, (2) pagination, (3) cable operations and videotext, (4) basic ways to insure the future of P.M. newspapers, (5) hawking newspapers, (6) staffing round-the-clock, (7) the growing…

  11. Project Update: The Newspaper in the Elementary and Junior High Classroom.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    DeRoche, Edward F.

    Ways in which news media can be incorporated effectively into the school curriculum are illustrated in this book. The five basic reasons for using the newspaper in the teaching-learning process are given, and three ways to use daily newspapers in the classroom are described. The chapters of the book discuss the following: A Unit on Newspapers for…

  12. Who's in the Picture: Comparing Census Data with Newspaper Coverage

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hill, Myleea D.

    2016-01-01

    Discussions of what images are portrayed in newspapers and their proportion in comparison to the actual census data provide an opportunity for consideration of how the agenda setting and framing theories of media could affect perceptions of a community and population. In the exercise described here, students are expected to learn a research skill…

  13. Crime and Justice in America. A Courses by Newspaper Reader.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Skolnick, Jerome H., Ed.; And Others

    This reader is one of several supplementary materials for a 15-week newspaper course about crime and justice, mainly in the United States. Six units contain 67 readings from primary sources such as journal articles, monographs, personal interviews, published letters, and government reports. The readings present personal experiences, research…

  14. GRADED READINGS IN NEWSPAPER TELUGU--PRELIMINARY EDITION.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    REDDY, G.N.; MATSON, DAN M.

    THE 31 SELECTIONS IN THIS READER WERE TAKEN FROM THE PAGES OF A NUMBER OF DAILY AND WEEKLY TELUGU NEWSPAPERS. THEY WERE SELECTED TO ACQUAINT THE STUDENT WITH A VARIETY OF TYPES OF JOURNALISTIC WRITING IN TELUGU WHILE INSTRUCTING HIM IN IMPORTANT READING SKILLS. THE MATERIAL HAS BEEN GRADED FOR DIFFICULTY AND INCLUDES A VARIETY OF SUBJECTS. THE…

  15. Newspaper Economic Coverage of Motor Vehicle Emissions Standards.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Coulson, David C.; Lacy, Stephen

    1998-01-01

    Contributes to scholarship on assessing environmental policy with economic analysis, and to journalism scholarship by analyzing six large newspapers' economic coverage of motor vehicle emissions standards. Finds that all but one paper explicitly referred to cost-benefit analysis as a method to evaluate the standards, but that five papers reported…

  16. A Contrastive Analysis of the American and Persian Newspaper Editorials

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Homayounzadeh, Maryam; Mehrpour, Saeed

    2013-01-01

    Based on the principles of critical discourse analysis this contrastive study sought to investigate the effect of culture on the journalistic style and the strategies used to report news in the American and Persian newspaper editorials. To this end, articles were selected from the New York Times, the Washington Post, Kayhan and Ettelaat,…

  17. 56. Photocopy of newspaper illustration. MAIN VIEW: EAST, INSET VIEW: ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    56. Photocopy of newspaper illustration. MAIN VIEW: EAST, INSET VIEW: NORTHWEST. (From Illustrirte Zeitung, 'Die Neuen Docks der 'Hamburg-Amerikanischen Packetfahrt-Actien-Gesellschaft' in Hoboken, New Jersey,' June 9, 1883, p. 495. Artist unknown) - Hoboken Piers Headhouse, River Street at Hudson River, Hoboken, Hudson County, NJ

  18. The Function of Discourse Markers in Arabic Newspaper Opinion Articles

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Al Kohlani, Fatima A.

    2010-01-01

    The present study examines the function of discourse markers in Arabic newspaper opinion articles. In this study, discourse markers are not only connecting- words that contribute to the cohesion of text, but they are also crucial tools for achieving communicative act in the text. These expressions that come from different grammatical classes and…

  19. Creating a Newspaper Index: Microcomputers to the Rescue!

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walker, Alice

    1986-01-01

    Describes a public library's newspaper index which provides unique genealogical and historical information, and supplements or replaces lost official records for local counties in the form of a printed index. The process of database design, staffing, software and hardware requirements, working with a programmer, and data entry are explained. (EM)

  20. Slave Advertising in the Colonial Newspaper: Mirror to the Dilemma.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bradley, Patricia

    To explore racial attitudes from the colonial period of the United States, a study examined advertising practices regarding announcements dealing with black slaves in colonial newspapers in Massachusetts, New York, Pennsylvania, Maryland, Virginia, and South Carolina. Careful scrutiny revealed no relationship between the editorial stance of a…

  1. With Coverage from Multiple Perspectives, Newspaper Represents Multiple Factions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cochran, Stacy

    1999-01-01

    Describes the coverage of the shootings at Columbine High School by the staff of "The Express," the student newspaper of Maize High School, Maize, Kansas. Notes that the school had its own so-called Trench Coat Mafia and that the feelings of this group of students were featured in one of the articles. (RS)

  2. The Funding of Secondary School Newspapers in Ohio.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lain, Laurence B.

    A study identified the principal ways in which high school newspapers are funded in Ohio, particularly with respect to the public or private nature of the schools, the paper size, frequency of publication, the methods by which papers are printed, and the sorts of staffs that publish them. Of the 1,080 high schools listed for the state, 228…

  3. Oral cancer: exploring the stories in United Kingdom newspaper articles.

    PubMed

    Kelly, C M; Johnson, I G; Morgan, M Z

    2016-09-09

    Objective Reports suggest that patients with oral cancer delay seeking help because they are unaware of the symptoms. The majority of adults (95%) engage with news reports and 40% read newspapers. Newspaper oral cancer stories may influence awareness and health-seeking behaviour. The aim of this study was to explore how oral cancer is portrayed in UK newspaper print media.Design Qualitative content analysis of articles from ten newspapers with the widest UK print circulation. All articles using the terms 'mouth cancer' and 'oral cancer' over a three year period were retrieved. Duplicates, non-cancer and non-human articles were excluded.Results 239 articles were analysed. Common topics included 'recent research', 'survivor stories', 'health information' and 'celebrity linkage'. Articles were often emotive, featuring smoking, alcohol, sex and celebrity. Articles lacked a proper evidence base and often failed to provide accurate information about signs and symptoms, information about prevention and signposting to treatment.Conclusions Opportunities to save lives are being missed. Further work to improve social responsibility in the media and develop guidance to enhance the quality of information, health reporting and signposting to help are indicated.

  4. Post-assassination Newspaper Editorial Eulogies: Analysis and Assessment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goldzwig, Steven R.; Sullivan, Patricia A.

    1995-01-01

    Analyzes postassassination newspaper editorials eulogizing John F. Kennedy, Martin Luther King, Jr., and Robert F. Kennedy. Argues that they fulfill four rhetorical functions: providing a public space for symbolic catharsis, celebrating individual virtues and mythic constructions of those virtues, attempting to reknit communal bonds, and calling…

  5. Newspapers in Science Education: A Study Involving Sixth Grade Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lai, Ching-San; Wang, Yun-Fei

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore the learning performance of sixth grade elementary school students using newspapers in science teaching. A quasi-experimental design with a single group was used in this study. Thirty-three sixth grade elementary school students participated in this study. The research instruments consisted of three…

  6. Newspaper Advertising and the First Amendment: The Commercial Speech Doctrine.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walker, Joseph H., III

    The purpose of this paper is to help identify newspaper advertisements which fall under the protection of the First Amendment. Although the Supreme Court declared in 1942 that advertisements which propose a purely commercial transaction were not protected by the First Amendment, in 1976 it decided that commercial expression, like other forms of…

  7. America and the Future of Man. Courses by Newspaper.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scheiber, Jane L., Ed.

    This national program offers college-level instruction through the newspaper. Published by the University Extension of the University of California at San Diego, this resource kit combines a course on United States history and the future of man and society. The kit contains a soundsheet, lectures, student study guide, student reader, self-tests,…

  8. Handwritten Newspapers on the Iowa Frontier, 1844-54.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Atwood, Roy Alden

    Journalism on the agricultural frontier of the Old Northwest territory of the United States was shaped by a variety of cultural forces and environmental factors and took on diverse forms. Bridging the gap between the two cultural forms of written correspondence and printed news was a third form: the handwritten newspaper. Between 1844 and 1854…

  9. News of the Nation: A Civil War Newspaper Project.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Parisi, Lynn

    Guidelines for two group activities are presented, one for high school and one for junior high school. The purpose of the activities, both of which follow the same format, is to introduce or review causes of the Civil War while reviewing and applying previously acquired skills and information about the newspaper. The procedure is described as…

  10. Newspaper Advertising Trends and Teacher Supply in the Carolinas.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dewalt, Mark W.; Graham, Patricia L.

    This year-long research project documented critical issues of supply and demand for teachers in the Carolinas. Researchers focused on the number of public and private school education positions advertised in the four major newspapers serving South Carolina and the Charlotte metropolitan region of North Carolina. They documented advertising trends…

  11. Legibility Science and the Visual Design of Newspapers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barnhurst, Kevin G.

    The influences of the study of legibility on newspapers are outlined, and some of the consequences of applying science to the visual design of journalism are considered. The science of legibility began by measuring how letters were perceived, and comparing how different designs are read. The legacy of legibility research, which is traced over the…

  12. Courting the Buyer: The Relationship of Newspaper, Audience, and Advertisers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thompson, Timothy N.

    By applying Kenneth Burke's concepts of Order, the Secret, and the Kill to the newspaper-audience-advertiser relationship, the narrow imagery that depicts that relationship only in economic terms can be counteracted. Burke's maps of hierarchy, mystery, and transcendence in human action allow the depiction of a complex meshing of patterns,…

  13. Trial by Newspaper: The Strange Case of Dr. Karl Muck.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kagan, Sheldon S.

    1993-01-01

    Examines the case of Dr. Karl Muck, conductor of the Boston Symphony Orchestra who was accused of espionage in 1917. Suggests that the espionage charge was a fiction created by newspapers, beginning with "The Providence Journal." Concludes that Muck admitted to being a spy rather than reveal the name of the woman with whom he had an…

  14. Black Newspapers: Neglected Source for the "New South."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beatty, Bess

    1980-01-01

    Examines the political climate and popular Black opinion in the late nineteenth century South through the writings of six Black southern newspaper editors (Pinckney Benton Stewart Pinchback, Charles Hendley, W. Calvin Chase, John Mitchell, Jr., William Pledger, and John Willis Menard). (GC)

  15. How to Start a High School Underground Newspaper. Fifth Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Greenberg, Cory

    Stressing the diversity which characterizes the high school underground press movement, the pamphlet presents case histories of several papers, an overview of the first ten years of the high school underground press, and technical information necessary for starting a paper. The first wave of high school underground newspapers appeared in major…

  16. Using a Student Newspaper to Motivate Students with Behavior Disorders.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hetfield, Paula

    1994-01-01

    Adolescent students with behavior disorders at a Jamestown (Minnesota) residential facility create and produce a student newspaper. The project has been effective in motivating students, teaching and reinforcing basic academic skills, building self-esteem, and promoting positive social interaction. Skills developed transfer to the mainstream. (DB)

  17. Moral Choices in Contemporary Society: A Courses by Newspaper Reader.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rieff, Philip, Ed.; Finkle, Isaac, Ed.

    This reader, which contains 135 primary source readings about morality, is one of several college-level instructional materials developed to supplement a nationwide newspaper course on moral issues in contemporary society. The authors represent a diverse group including theologians, psychologists, politicians, professional athletes, lawyers, and…

  18. Handbook for Telecourse/Newspaper Course Learning Managers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Coastline Community Coll., Fountain Valley, CA.

    This handbook for telecourse/newspaper course learning managers at Coastline Community College, a non-campus institution, outlines in detail the responsibilities and duties of learning managers. Included in the handbook is information on: (1) pre-, during, and post-course responsibilities; (2) enrollment; (3) letter and telephone contact with…

  19. Older Adults, Gerontologists, and Newspaper Reporting: Educational Implications.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Meredith, William H.; Rowe, George P.

    Because of the knowledge explosion in the field of gerontology and the increased coverage of the field in the popular press, a study was conducted to determine how accurate older adults and gerontologists think newspaper stories about aging are. A convenience sample of 95 persons in the midwest over 65 years old--similar to national demographic…

  20. Newspaper Framing of Climate Change in Nigeria and Ghana

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nwabueze, Chinenye; Egbra, Stella

    2016-01-01

    This study is a content analysis of two newspapers from Nigeria and Ghana to determine the coverage and framing of climate change issues for a period of 7 months. The main objective of this study is to find out how climate change stories are framed in Nigerian and Ghanaian national dailies. It was found among others, that the overall dominant…

  1. Newspaper Photographs: A Content Analysis, 1936-76.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Singletary, Michael W.

    1978-01-01

    Reports on an analysis of front page photographs in six major newspapers in 1936, 1956, and 1976; the study examined photographs with respect to size, subject, source, location on the page, racial and sex composition, and whether accompanied by an article. (GW)

  2. Business Policies and Procedures of High School Newspapers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Campbell, Laurence R.

    The purpose of this inquiry was to identify the current business policies and procedures of high school newspapers in the United States and to determine whether such an appraisal could be used to achieve higher standards in both education and journalism. Most of the data was gathered in early 1968 by questionnaires sent to 548 public and 68…

  3. A Simple Recipe for Whitening Old Newspaper Clippings.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carter, Henry A.

    1995-01-01

    Describes a method for experimenting with both whitening and deacidifying old newspaper clippings using sodium borohydride bleaching. Clippings are soaked in distilled water then immersed in sodium borohydride for 15-20 minutes. After rinsing with distilled water, the paper is washed with saturated Ca(OH)2 solution. Readers should not begin…

  4. Technology and Change. A Courses by Newspaper Reader.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burke, John G., Ed.; Eakin, Marshall C., Ed.

    Questions of technology and change are explored in approximately 70 essays written by university and research scholars, consumer advocates, political philosophers, engineers, and bureaucrats. The book is part of a multimedia series developed to present college level course material to the general public through cooperation of newspapers, public…

  5. Oceans: Our Continuing Frontier. A Courses by Newspaper Reader.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Menard, H. William, Ed.; Scheiber, Jane L., Ed.

    This reader is one of several supplementary materials for a 16-week newspaper course about oceans. Six units contain 77 readings from primary sources such as personal diaries, historical documents, novels and poems. The readings present a mosaic of viewpoints, concerns, and controversial issues about the sea. "Our Continuing Frontier" provides a…

  6. Taxation: Myths and Realities. A Courses by Newspaper Reader.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Break, George F., Ed.; Wallin, Bruce, Ed.

    This reader is one of two supplementary materials for a newspaper course about taxation and tax reform. Five units contain 75 primary-source readings about topics such as tax loopholes, social security financing, income tax reform, the impact of taxes on the economy, and alternatives to the property tax. Sources include government publications,…

  7. 1. Photocopy of drawing (from newspaper clipping entitled 'Iowa State ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. Photocopy of drawing (from newspaper clipping entitled 'Iowa State Institution for the Education of the Deaf and Dumb,' located at Council Bluffs Free Library in scrapbook catalogued 'Iowa -- Deaf, School for the') Artist unknown approximately 1868-1887 MAIN FACADE - Iowa Institute for Education of the Deaf & Dumb, South Avenue & State Route 92 Vicinity, Council Bluffs, Pottawattamie County, IA

  8. Converting Municipal Waste into Automobile Fuel: Ethanol from Newspaper

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mascal, Mark; Scown, Richard

    2008-01-01

    Waste newspaper is pulped with acid and its cellulose is hydrolyzed. The resulting glucose syrup is fermented with yeast and distilled to give ethanol. The experiment highlights the potential of applied chemistry to confront problems of economic importance, that is, the effective utilization of biomass to reduce dependence on non-renewable…

  9. Sourcebook for Oceans: Our Continuing Frontier. Courses by Newspaper.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hellman, Mary, Ed.

    This sourcebook is one of several supplementary materials for a 16-week newspaper course about oceans. Program ideas and sources of related resources compiled in this sourcebook are designed to help civic and group leaders and educators plan educational community programs based on the course topics. Section one describes ways in which the…

  10. How Selected High School Newspapers Covered the Persian Gulf War.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peterson, Jane W.; Maronn, Michelle

    1995-01-01

    Discusses the many ways in which high school newspapers covered the Persian Gulf War, ranging from a serious analysis to satire in the form of a Cliff Notes summary. Compares two editorials from "The Little Hawk" (Iowa City, Iowa), one supporting the war and the other against. (PA)

  11. Volney B. Palmer, 1799-1864: The Nation's First Advertising Agency Man.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Holland, Donald R.

    This monograph examines the life of Volney B. Palmer, who was the prototype of the modern advertising person. The first section discusses his background and early experience in Pennsylvania. The second section discusses the American Newspaper Agency, established as the first advertising agency in 1842. The third section examines the kind of man…

  12. Character Matters: Using Newspapers To Teach Character. Strategies for Teachers, Activities for Parents. Newspaper in Education Resource Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    DeRoche, Edward F.; Sullivan, Betty L.; Garrett, Sherrye Dee

    One side of character education is to create schools and communities that are caring, civil, and challenging (both academically and behaviorally). The other side is to develop young citizens who are smart, decent, and responsible. This booklet illustrates how to use newspaper content at school and at home to teach eight specific values: respect,…

  13. The Effects of Bad and Good News on Newspaper Image and Community Image. A Report from the Communications Research Center.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haskins , Jack B.

    A study tested the hypotheses that the relative amount of bad news and good news in a newspaper would have corresponding effects on perceptions of the newspaper's community of origin and of the newspaper itself. Five different versions of a realistic four-page newspaper were created, in which treatment of the news stories ranged from an…

  14. Molestations by homosexual foster parents: newspaper accounts vs official records.

    PubMed

    Cameron, Paul

    2003-12-01

    To assess whether a systematic tally of newspaper accounts reflect official foster-parent molestation a review of 6,444 news stories on Lexis-Nexis Academic Universe from 1989 through 2002 about child molestation yielded 33 stories involving foster parents. Of the 25 foster-parent perpetrators, at least 15 (60%) engaged in homosexuality. In Illinois 1997-2002, 92 (34%) of 270 foster- or adoptive-parent perpetrators who engaged in "substantiated" sexual abuse homosexually abused their charges. These findings suggest that the proportion of homosexual perpetrators in a systematic tally of newspaper stories is similar to the proportion of homosexual perpetrators in datasets from large entities and put in question the current policy of utilizing homosexuals as foster and adoptive parents.

  15. Enriching Great Britain's National Landslide Database by searching newspaper archives

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Taylor, Faith E.; Malamud, Bruce D.; Freeborough, Katy; Demeritt, David

    2015-11-01

    Our understanding of where landslide hazard and impact will be greatest is largely based on our knowledge of past events. Here, we present a method to supplement existing records of landslides in Great Britain by searching an electronic archive of regional newspapers. In Great Britain, the British Geological Survey (BGS) is responsible for updating and maintaining records of landslide events and their impacts in the National Landslide Database (NLD). The NLD contains records of more than 16,500 landslide events in Great Britain. Data sources for the NLD include field surveys, academic articles, grey literature, news, public reports and, since 2012, social media. We aim to supplement the richness of the NLD by (i) identifying additional landslide events, (ii) acting as an additional source of confirmation of events existing in the NLD and (iii) adding more detail to existing database entries. This is done by systematically searching the Nexis UK digital archive of 568 regional newspapers published in the UK. In this paper, we construct a robust Boolean search criterion by experimenting with landslide terminology for four training periods. We then apply this search to all articles published in 2006 and 2012. This resulted in the addition of 111 records of landslide events to the NLD over the 2 years investigated (2006 and 2012). We also find that we were able to obtain information about landslide impact for 60-90% of landslide events identified from newspaper articles. Spatial and temporal patterns of additional landslides identified from newspaper articles are broadly in line with those existing in the NLD, confirming that the NLD is a representative sample of landsliding in Great Britain. This method could now be applied to more time periods and/or other hazards to add richness to databases and thus improve our ability to forecast future events based on records of past events.

  16. Press Pools and Newspaper Coverage of the Gulf War: Attitudes of Newspaper Editors

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1992-04-01

    p. 40. Agence France-Press, et. al. v. the Department of Defense (1991). 19 Media Law Reporter, pp. 1.257-1,270. Alter, J. (1991, February 11). Does...U.S. Department of Defense, 19 Media Law Reporter, pp. 1,257-1,270. Near v. Minnesota (1931). 283 U.S. 697. Neider, L. L. & Sugrue, P. K. (1983

  17. Media portrayal of older people as illustrated in Finnish newspapers

    PubMed Central

    Koskinen, Sanna; Salminen, Leena; Leino-Kilpi, Helena

    2014-01-01

    Media portrayals of older people, such as those in newspapers, both inform and reflect public attitudes. By becoming aware of culturally influenced attitudes about older people, and how these attitudes are reflected in the ways older people are viewed, treated, and cared for in society, the healthcare profession can better understand how to provide high-quality care. By applying an ethnographic approach in textual reality, this paper explores how newspaper articles focusing on health portray older people in society, using Finland as an example. The data consist of articles selected from three of the main Finnish daily newspapers during a 3-month period in the spring of 2012. The findings show that, overall, the society regards older people and their care as important. However, there were suggestions of paternalistic attitudes towards older people. Furthermore, the perceptions regarding different groups of older people could lead to the possibility of inequality. The media portrayals of older people worldwide seem to share similarities, although the findings of this study are particularly in accordance with the cultural attributes of the Nordic countries and societies. PMID:25261872

  18. Reporting Conflict in the Press, by Degree of Pluralism, Newspaper Type, and Ownership: A Comparison of 83 Minnesota Newspapers, 1965 and 1979.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Donohue, George A.; And Others

    Data from 83 Minnesota newspapers support the hypothesis that as communities become more pluralistic, their newspapers will report more conflict. Between 1965 and 1979, Minnesota saw an increase in population and proportionate increases in income from manufacturing and agriculture. During this period of growing pluralism, the amount of newspaper…

  19. Localized Health News Releases and Community Newspapers: A Method for Rural Health Promotion.

    PubMed

    Young, Rachel; Willis, Erin; Stemmle, John; Rodgers, Shelly

    2015-07-01

    Newspaper health stories often originate with news releases from health organizations. Tailoring news releases to a particular mass media outlet increases the possibility that the release will result in a published story. This study describes a 2-year effort to promote coverage of health through dissemination of localized health news releases to newspapers. Each newspaper received stories tailored to that community. Localized elements of stories included local headlines and local data. Nearly half of newspapers in our study (48.2%) published at least one of our health news stories, and 541 health news stories were published as a result of the project. We also examined which types of newspapers were most likely to publish health news stories. Newspapers in rural versus suburban and urban areas were more likely to publish health news stories, as were midsized newspapers. In addition, rural newspapers were more likely than urban newspapers to publish stories about aging, specifically arthritis and heart disease. Our findings indicate that tailoring health news releases with local information and targeting releases to align with newspaper audience demographics could increase the quantity and quality of health-promoting information available to rural residents, who experience disparities in health care access and health outcomes.

  20. 75 FR 22770 - National Electric Transmission Congestion Study

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-30

    ... National Electric Transmission Congestion Study AGENCY: Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (OE), Department of Energy. ACTION: Notice of Availability of 2009 National Electric Transmission... notice that it has issued a National Electric Transmission Congestion Study (2009 Congestion Study)...

  1. 76 FR 70953 - Pipeline Safety: Safety of Gas Transmission Pipelines

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-16

    ...: Safety of Gas Transmission Pipelines AGENCY: Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration... Rulemaking (ANPRM) titled: ``Safety of Gas Transmission Pipelines'' seeking comments on the need for changes to the regulations covering gas transmission pipelines. PHMSA has received requests to extend...

  2. Newspaper advertising versus direct mail marketing in a family practice: a hands-on approach.

    PubMed

    Godreau, C J

    1995-01-01

    This study compares newspaper advertising and direct mail marketing to attract private patients. Newsletter advertising was distributed to 92,251 homes throughout 1991 at a cost of $20,827.13. Newspaper advertising was conducted from August 28 to October 9, 1991 at a cost of $2,261.94. The newsletter attracted 101 new patients at a cost of $206.21 per patient and a mean response rate of 0.11%. No new patients were attracted through newspaper advertising.

  3. The news on smoking: newspaper coverage of smoking and health in Australia, 1987-88.

    PubMed Central

    Chapman, S

    1989-01-01

    All newspaper articles (n = 1601) mentioning tobacco or smoking drawn from a 12-month census of 30 Australian capital city newspapers in 1987-88 were coded for content, "slant," and apparent origin. Overall, 62 percent of articles were positive in their orientation toward smoking control objectives, 17 percent were negative, and 21 percent were neutral. Newspapers owned by Rupert Murdoch published 55.7 percent positive and 23.7 percent negative articles compared to 68.0 percent positive and 13.7 percent negative articles in the other large chain of Australian newspapers. PMID:2782518

  4. Suicide Coverage in U.S. Newspapers following the Publication of the Media Guidelines

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tatum, Phillip T.; Canetto, Silvia Sara; Slater, Michael D.

    2010-01-01

    A nationally representative sample of 968 local and national newspapers was examined to determine whether the 2001 U.S. media guidelines were followed in articles published in 2002-2003, and featuring individual cases of suicidal behavior (N = 157). We found that, during this period of time, U.S. newspaper suicide coverage did not consistently…

  5. Mrs. O'Leary's Cow and Other Newspaper Tales about the Chicago Fire of 1871.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fedler, Fred

    Noting that, historically, newspaper editors copied the best, and sometimes erroneous, stories from other newspapers published in distant cities, this paper explores newpaper coverage of the 1871 Great Chicago Fire, and the myth that Mrs. O'Leary's cow was to blame. After suggesting that a report invented the story of the O'Leary cow kicking a…

  6. Creating Electronic Access to Newspaper Information in Nigeria: The Information Aid Network (IFAnet) Experience

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ola, Christopher O.; Ojo, Reuben A.

    2006-01-01

    This paper highlights the value of newspaper information and the methods adopted in organizing, preserving and disseminating it. The paper dwells on the traditional ways of managing newspaper resources and the need to device a new medium of accessing the information contents of the resource. It enumerates the steps taken in conserving newspaper…

  7. An "Autopsy" Approach to Frontier Press History: The Ghost Town Newspaper.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burd, Gene

    An assessment of newspapers from ghost towns in the United States is proposed in this paper as a means of improving the definitions of frontier journalism beyond national time periods, expansion over geographical space, and primitive policy and practices. It is suggested that an evaluation be made by measurement and appraisal of those newspapers'…

  8. Newspapers on Microfilm. Catalog and Price List 1971, 25th Anniversary Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    1971

    Over 5500 current and backfile titles of American, foreign, and Black community newspapers that may be purchased on 35mm. roll microfilm are indexed in this catalog. Historical annotations are provided for selected American, Asian, and other foreign newspapers as well as for collections which focus on areas of special interest: early America, the…

  9. The Media Environment of the '90s: A Period of Danger for Newspaper Journalism?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McManus, John

    The news media of the 1990s will probably not use videotext systems or three-dimensional holograms to replace the newspaper. Instead, simpler combinations of news media that mimic the characteristics of print may replace advertising in newspapers, causing them to downgrade journalism or increase subscription cost, thereby decreasing circulation…

  10. A Market Segmentation Study of the Youth Market's Perception of the Ideal Newspaper.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lehnert, Eileen

    Segmentation, a research technique used to ascertain the needs and wants of consumers, was employed in a study that examined the attitudes of persons aged 18 to 34 years toward newspapers. This age group was chosen on the basis of research indicating that it is the weakest segment in the newspaper readership market. Interviews with 14 college…

  11. 2 Dailies Battle for Readers and Advertisers in U. of Wisconsin Student-Newspaper War.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hirschorn, Michael W.

    1987-01-01

    Two student newspapers at the University of Wisconsin at Madison are in fierce competition for readers and advertisers. A proposal of the Badger Herald, an 18-year-old conservative weekly, that the two merge their financial operations was rejected by the liberal Daily Cardinal and the newspaper war was on. (MLW)

  12. Poll Reporting, Precision Journalism, and the 1972 Presidential Campaign: A Study of the American Newspaper.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Noss, Anne L

    The public opinion poll stories that appeared in six major United States newspapers during the 1972 Presidential campaigns provide the basis for this social science analysis. Every polling story reported in the sample newspapers during the one month time frame was checked against the eight criteria of the Opinion Research Corporation. These…

  13. Newspapers and Adult Understanding of Public Affairs: Two Longitudinal Community Studies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tichenor, P. J.; And Others

    Two longitudinal field studies of the process of information dissemination through newspapers were conducted on two different public affairs topics (regional planning and routing of a high voltage power line) in four communities to examine the role of newspapers in increasing levels of conflict and in creating greater levels of awareness and…

  14. The Newspaper Library in the Information Age: A Personal View from Within.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Foley, Kathy; Briscoe, Ellen D.

    1989-01-01

    Provides a chronology of news library automation and describes the current functions and services of a newspaper library. Areas discussed include clerical tasks, automated clip files, the use of free text searching and field specificity in newspaper databases, the development of online experts, and the impact on the skills required of news…

  15. Altering Students' Attitudes towards the Newspaper as a Source of Information: A Non-Toxic Approach.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bateman, Kitty

    In an attempt to find a print medium to which "reluctant readers" might relate with reduced negativism, students assigned to a community college reading remediation class used a daily newspaper, "The New York Times," in place of a traditional text. A newspaper was chosen because it covers a wide range of topics which vary in prose style from…

  16. The Effects of Newspaper-Television Cross-Ownership on News Homogeneity.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gormley, William T., Jr.

    After discussing the need for message pluralism in a democracy, this report focuses on a three-stage research strategy conducted to study the effects of newspaper/television cross-ownership on news homogeneity. The three stages consist of: an analysis of questionnaire data obtained from 214 newspaper managing editors and television news directors;…

  17. The Changing Role of Newspapers in the Age of Television. Journalism Monographs No. 63.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Robinson, John P.; Jeffres, Leo W.

    Between 1959 and 1975, television replaced newspapers as the public's major source of news. To examine this trend in further detail, a national sample of 1,519 adults were asked to construct diaries of their activities during one day in the fall of 1975. These adults were also interviewed for their use of television news and newspapers. In a…

  18. The Newspaper in the Social Studies Classroom: An Issue Oriented Curriculum.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Callahan, Tim; Felton, Randall

    Social studies teachers can involve their students in an issues-oriented curriculum by using the least expensive, least threatening medium available, the newspaper. The newspaper's stock in trade is the relevant, timely issue--just what is missing from all too many social studies classrooms. In dealing with issues in social studies classrooms,…

  19. "USA Today": Comparative Analysis with Two National and Two Los Angeles Daily Newspapers. Research Bulletin.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ames, Steve; And Others

    Sections of the newspaper "USA Today" were compared with corresponding sections of four major newspapers--the "New York Times," the "Wall Street Journal," the "Los Angeles Herald Examiner," and the "Los Angeles Times"--to determine what editorial components made "USA Today" different and…

  20. Assessment of Public Attitude Changes toward Exceptional Children as a Result of Public Newspaper Advertisements.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Sterling; Ogley, Peter

    1981-01-01

    To assess whether newspaper advertising would affect attitudes toward handicapped children, a series of newspaper advertisements were run over a five-month period. It was concluded that the ads produced significant difference in attitudes of persons manifest by their response to the questionnaire. (SB)

  1. Student Newspapers and University Libraries: Uncovering Your Library's Reputation and Promoting Its Services

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bodnar, Jonathan; Mathews, Brian

    2008-01-01

    To help librarians use their campus newspapers more effectively as a communications tool, this paper discusses the type of information about campus libraries that ten student newspapers published over the course of one year and discusses strategies that librarians can use to build more productive, collaborative relationships with the people who…

  2. How Newspaper Advertising Sales Managers Spend Their Time: A Pilot Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hudson, Jerry C.; Saathoff, Roger C.

    A pilot study examined how newspaper advertising sales managers in five southwestern states spend their time during a typical work day. Of the 360 questionnaires mailed, 176 responses were received. The largest number of responses (93) came from retail sales managers of newspapers in markets with less than 50,000 population. The questionnaire…

  3. It Never Hurts To Go Back and Remind Ourselves about the Basics in Newspaper Journalism.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Konkle, Bruce E.

    2002-01-01

    Suggests knowing the basics is critical if newspaper advisers and staffs are to move their newspaper into the best, excellent, superior, above average, all-everything category a scholastic press evaluation service may award. Discusses the basic areas of writing, design, photojournalism, advertising, and overall coverage. (RS)

  4. Hometown Newspaper Coverage of Developing Countries: Its Effects on Perceived Interdependence of Nations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Siltanen, Susan A.; And Others

    The "Main Street Mississippi Meets the Third World" project was designed to demonstrate that hometown newspapers can provide relevant news stories about developing countries without leaving the local community. Hattiesburg, Mississippi, and the "American" were the selected site and newspaper. The project involved working with…

  5. Web Page Design and Graphic Use of Three U.S. Newspapers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Li, Xigen

    1998-01-01

    Contributes to scholarship on journalism and new technology by exploring approaches to Web page design and graphic use in three Internet newspapers. Explores how they demonstrate a change from the convention of newspaper publishing to the new media age, and how Web page design and graphic use reflect interconnectedness and a shift of control from…

  6. Trends of Circulation and Penetration Following Failure of Metropolitan Daily Newspapers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Niebauer, Walter E., Jr.

    A study examined whether the suburban press is better off if competing metropolitan daily newspapers are allowed to merge operations in a joint operating agreement (JOA) as provided by the Newspaper Preservation Act of 1970, or if the weaker of the two dailies is allowed to close down, throwing the suburban paper into competition with a monopoly…

  7. Learning about the Nature of Science Using Newspaper Articles with Scientific Content

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    García-Carmona, Antonio; Acevedo Díaz, José Antonio

    2016-01-01

    This article presents a study aiming at assessing the efficacy of reading newspaper articles with scientific content in order to incorporate nature of science (NOS) aspects in initial primary teacher education. To this aim, a short teaching intervention based on newspaper articles was planned and performed under regular class conditions. First,…

  8. Give the Employee What He Wants in the Corporate Newspaper: Improve Employee Relations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Surlin, Stuart H.; Walker, Barry

    Undertaken to isolate employee characteristics and to determine how they relate to several aspects of employee attitudes toward the corporate newspaper, this study measured the characteristics of employee tenure, job rank, and perceived "self-newspaper" agreement on the manner in which topics were handled within corporate publications. The random…

  9. Men, Not Money: E. W. Scripps and the Penny Newspapers of the Pacific Northwest.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jordan, Mike

    E.W. Scripps's penny newspapers brought a new style of public service journalism to the Pacific Northwest's four largest cities--Seattle, Spokane, Tacoma, and Portland--in the turbulent years of the Progressive movement from 1899 to 1912. Minimal investment, tight cost controls, and the idea that a small, condensed newspaper could be more popular…

  10. Newspaper Reading among College Students in Development of Their Analytical Ability

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kumar, Dinesh

    2009-01-01

    The study investigated the newspaper reading among college students in development of their analytical ability. Newspapers are one of the few sources of information that are comprehensive, interconnected and offered in one format. The main objective of the study was to find out the development of the analytical ability among college students by…

  11. A Market Segmentation Approach to the Study of the Daily Newspaper Audience.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Larkin, Ernest F.; Grotta, Gerald L.

    To determine whether differing attitudes toward, and the utilization of, the daily newspaper are related to the variable of age, 481 persons responded to a questionnaire designed to measure their attitudes and opinions about mass media in general and their evaluations of newspaper content in particular. The findings revealed the following…

  12. Criteria Utilized by College-Educated Women to Select Newspaper Science News.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dunwoody, Sharon

    In an attempt to identify criteria used by readers to select science news, a homogeneous group of women in the Philadelphia area was asked to indicate which of 48 science-news statements they would be interested in reading in their newspapers. The statements were condensed from stories selected from Philadelphia newspapers over a…

  13. U. S. History Through the Newspaper: An Experiment with a New Instructional Delivery System

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jioia, Joseph

    1974-01-01

    Moraine Valley Community College and the Southtown Economist Newspaper cooperatively have developed and are offering a U. S. History course (1865 to Present) which is currently appearing on a weekly basis to readers of the newspaper. A sample unit is appended. (Author/MJK)

  14. Language of Advertising: A Study of Nigeria's Nation Newspaper and Newswatch Magazine

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Robert, Esther

    2013-01-01

    This paper focuses on a critical analysis of the language of advertisement in selected newspapers and magazines; from the aspect of graphology and lexis of "The Nation Newspaper" and "Newswatch Magazine" respectively. This work is based on the framework of stylistics. Through this study, it is discovered that the language of…

  15. A technical, economic, and environmental analysis of energy production from newspaper in Ireland.

    PubMed

    Murphy, J D; Power, N

    2007-01-01

    The production of newspaper corresponds to 37 kg per person per annum in Ireland. Newspaper becomes a waste product in a short period of time; only 13% of domestic waste paper is recycled (data on newspaper is not available). Four scenarios, which generate energy from newspaper, are analysed. These scenarios may be summarised as follows: lignocellulosic biomass conversion to ethanol (transport fuel); co-digestion with the organic fraction of municipal solid waste and production of CH4-enriched biogas (transport fuel); co-firing with the residue of municipal solid waste in an incinerator; and gasification of newspaper as a sole fuel. Two of the scenarios involve transport fuel production; two involve the production of electricity and heat. Two of the scenarios involve newspaper as the sole ingredient; two involve co- utilisation of newspaper with another waste stream. Assuming no economic market for heat, then only the transport scenarios have the potential to be economic; indeed the biogas scenario is shown to be extremely competitive generating a potential profit of euro 227/t newspaper. A greenhouse-gas analysis indicates that the biogas scenario generated the best net greenhouse-gas savings. However when a market for heat is available, gasification was shown to be most advantageous.

  16. Arguing in L2: Discourse Structure and Textual Metadiscourse in Philippine Newspaper Editorials

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tarrayo, Veronico N.; Duque, Marie Claire T.

    2011-01-01

    This study described the discourse structure and textual metadiscourse in newspaper editorials in the Philippines where English is used as a second language or L2. Specifically, it sought answers to the following questions: (1) What discourse features characterize the structure of the following parts of Philippine newspaper editorials--orientation…

  17. United States Newspaper Program. List of Intended Audience Terms for 655 Genre Field.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wisconsin State Historical Society, Madison.

    The United States Newspaper Program (USNP) is a national, cooperative effort to locate, catalog, and preserve on microfilm newspapers published in the United States and its territories since the seventeenth century. This list of intended-audience terms was initially developed by the USNP staff at the State Historical Society of Wisconsin, but soon…

  18. Market-based Predictors of Interactivity at Southeast Asian Online Newspapers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Massey, Brian L.

    2000-01-01

    Market-based and press-freedom variables were tested as predictors of "interactive" online journalism at the Web companions of 17 English-language Asian newspapers. A multidimensional conception of interactivity was used in the analysis. Findings suggest that market-based variables predict only certain facets of an online newspaper's…

  19. Interactivity, Online Journalism, and English-Language Web Newspapers in Asia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Massey, Brian L.; Levy, Mark R.

    1999-01-01

    Contributes to scholarship on interactivity and online journalism by performing content analysis of 44 English-language Web newspapers from 14 Asian countries, offering and testing an enlarged theoretical framework for doing so. Finds that the online newspapers provided users with a relatively complex choice of news content, but most did not rate…

  20. Maidens of Miletos and Newspaper Coverage of Suicide: Examining Late Nineteenth and Late Twentieth Century Practice.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Olasky, Marvin N.

    Recognizing that writing suicide stories is hard for reporters, a study examined 1,010 suicide stories from the 1879-1900 era published in 12 newspapers from around the United States to determine how American journalists at other times carried out similar assignments. The newspapers examined were the Atlanta "Constitution," Arkansas…

  1. Mixed-Up Messages: Ambiguities in Newspaper Representations of the Young Child.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jackson, Ian

    1995-01-01

    Reports a six-year study of explicit references to young children's small physical stature in an Australian newspaper. Suggests that when newspaper representations of children and childhood are examined for their focus on children's diminutive size, two conflicting themes emerge: endearment versus depreciation. Suggests that these size-value…

  2. Government Agencies

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1988-05-01

    manufacturers. The Navy has a major in- house design capability for ships; the government does not possess such a capability for aircraft or other weapon systems...the Coast Guard, government agencies acquire a wide variety of ships, ranging from sophisticated submarines and nuclear aircraft carriers to much...the initial phase a review was made of written material relating to government procedures in U.S. Government agencies for acquiring vessels, aircraft

  3. 45 CFR 1386.20 - Designated State Protection and Advocacy agency.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... proposed redesignation using the State register, State-wide newspapers, public service announcements on... 45 Public Welfare 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Designated State Protection and Advocacy agency. 1386.20 Section 1386.20 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) OFFICE...

  4. 41 CFR 102-75.365 - Do disposal agencies have to notify State entities and Government agencies that a surplus power...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... have to notify State entities and Government agencies that a surplus power transmission line and right... PROPERTY DISPOSAL Surplus Real Property Disposal Power Transmission Lines § 102-75.365 Do disposal agencies have to notify State entities and Government agencies that a surplus power transmission line and...

  5. Making death 'good': instructional tales for dying in newspaper accounts of Jade Goody's death.

    PubMed

    Frith, Hannah; Raisborough, Jayne; Klein, Orly

    2013-03-01

    Facilitating a 'good' death is a central goal for hospices and palliative care organisations. The key features of such a death include an acceptance of death, an open awareness of and communication about death, the settling of practical and interpersonal business, the reduction of suffering and pain, and the enhancement of autonomy, choice and control. Yet deaths are inherently neither good nor bad; they require cultural labour to be 'made over' as good. Drawing on media accounts of the controversial death of UK reality television star Jade Goody, and building on existing analyses of her death, we examine how cultural discourses actively work to construct deaths as good or bad and to position the dying and those witnessing their death as morally accountable. By constructing Goody as bravely breaking social taboos by openly acknowledging death, by contextualising her dying as occurring at the end of a life well lived and by emphasising biographical continuity and agency, newspaper accounts serve to position themselves as educative rather than exploitative, and readers as information-seekers rather than ghoulishly voyeuristic. We argue that popular culture offers moral instruction in dying well which resonates with the messages from palliative care.

  6. Impact of the Eyjafjallajökull ash cloud: A newspaper perspective

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Harris, Andrew J. L.; Gurioli, Lucia; Hughes, Elizabeth E.; Lagreulet, Sandra

    2012-09-01

    We carried out a content analysis of eight national newspapers published during a 10-day period spanning Eyjafjallajökull's 2010 air space closure. Our intent was to understand the amount and type of material published, and the contribution of volcanologists and emergency responders to this material. We selected the best selling broadsheets and tabloids from the UK, France, Italy and USA. A total area of 135,000 cm2 was devoted to Eyjafjallajökull. Of this, 33% dealt with social themes, followed by volcanological (24%), economic (17%), response (13%) and airline (8%) issues. If, however, we examine the sources providing information we find a very different situation. Altogether, 669 sources were cited as giving quotes, of which 33% were credited to the air industry, followed by public (22%), politicians (12%), volcanologists (9%), responders (8%) and economists (2%). We also recorded all word descriptors for the ash cloud and its effects, with a total of 5380 words being logged. Negative words were the most common, with stranded having the highest frequency (180); chaos appearing 57 times. Coverage, thus, tended to feature quotes from the air industry, and carry a negative air; at times being confusing and contradictory. This, coupled with the fact that volcanological pieces tended to be placed well down the reporting order, meant that the message was of a chaotic situation and response, the performance of those who could be ascribed blame, i.e., responsible government agencies, thus likely being perceived in a negative light.

  7. The epidemiology of homicide-suicide in Italy: a newspaper study from 1985 to 2008.

    PubMed

    Roma, Paolo; Spacca, Antonella; Pompili, Maurizio; Lester, David; Tatarelli, Roberto; Girardi, Paolo; Ferracuti, Stefano

    2012-01-10

    Homicide-suicide is an event in which the murderer commits suicide after the homicide. There are at least 14 epidemiological studies on the topic, and all have found that homicide-suicide is more common among family members. The murderers are most often males and the victims females. There is no recent research on this phenomenon in Italy. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the incidence of homicide-suicide in Italy over a period of 24 yrs and to compare Italian data with published international data. We used information gathered by press agencies and from the four major Italian newspapers. Between 1985 and 2008, 662 cases of homicide-suicide were identified, with 1776 deaths. The murderer was male in 84.6% of the cases, typically using a firearm. The most common motivation was romantic jealousy, followed by socio-economic stress. The rate of homicide-suicide was 0.04%. Comparison with international studies is not always possible due to the lack of information for certain categories. The common factors identified may be helpful for prevention.

  8. Printed and tablet e-paper newspaper from an environmental perspective - A screening life cycle assessment

    SciTech Connect

    Moberg, Asa; Johansson, Martin; Finnveden, Goeran; Jonsson, Alex

    2010-04-15

    Viable alternatives to conventional newspapers, such as electronic papers, e-papers or e-readers, are intended to have many of the qualities of paper, such as reading using reflective light, high resolution, 180 deg. viewing angle. It has been suggested that the environmental impact of e-paper can be lower than for printed and internet-based newspapers. However, in order to find the facts of the matter, a thorough life cycle perspective covering raw material acquisition, production, use and disposal should preferably be used to study the environmental performance of the different products. A screening life cycle assessment was performed to describe the potential environmental impacts of two product systems; printed on paper and tablet e-paper newspapers. Results show that the most significant phase of the life cycle for both product systems was the production of substrate or platform. Accordingly, key aspects that may affect the resulting environmental performance of newspaper product systems were for the printed newspaper number of readers per copy and number of pages per issue and for the tablet e-paper newspaper lifetime and multi-use of the device. The printed newspaper in general had a higher energy use, higher emissions of gases contributing to climate change and several other impact categories than the tablet e-paper newspaper. It was concluded that tablet e-paper has the potential to decrease the environmental impact of newspaper consumption. However, further studies regarding the environmental impact of production and waste management of electronic devices and internet use, as well as more comprehensive assessment of toxicological impacts are needed. As the data on the electronic devices becomes more comprehensive this may prove to be a major limitation of electronic newspaper systems. Developers are suggested to strive towards minimisation of toxic and rare substances in production.

  9. Extra! Extra! Read All about It!: Structuring the U.S. History Survey around the Motif of the Newspaper

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morin, Erica A.

    2013-01-01

    As a graduate instructor for HIST 152: United States Since 1877, the author structures the entire course around the motif of the newspaper. She models her curriculum after the newspaper both visually and symbolically and uses it as a theme throughout the class. The newspaper is not a gimmick or cliche, but rather a recurring stylistic theme, an…

  10. A Pilot Study of Personal Classified Ads Appearing in Capital-City Daily Newspapers: The Kinds, the Guidelines, the Trends.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lazier-Smith, Linda

    A pilot study examined trends in the appearance of personal advertisements (individuals seeking dates/mates) in the classified columns of daily newspapers located in state capital cities, as well as newspaper guidelines for the acceptance of personal ads. Daily newspapers in the capital city of each state and some of the larger nationally…

  11. 28 CFR 48.4 - Application for approval of joint newspaper operating arrangement entered into after July 24, 1970.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... newspaper operating arrangement entered into after July 24, 1970. 48.4 Section 48.4 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) NEWSPAPER PRESERVATION ACT § 48.4 Application for approval of joint newspaper operating arrangement entered into after July 24, 1970. (a) Persons desiring to obtain...

  12. 28 CFR 48.4 - Application for approval of joint newspaper operating arrangement entered into after July 24, 1970.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... newspaper operating arrangement entered into after July 24, 1970. 48.4 Section 48.4 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) NEWSPAPER PRESERVATION ACT § 48.4 Application for approval of joint newspaper operating arrangement entered into after July 24, 1970. (a) Persons desiring to obtain...

  13. 28 CFR 48.4 - Application for approval of joint newspaper operating arrangement entered into after July 24, 1970.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... newspaper operating arrangement entered into after July 24, 1970. 48.4 Section 48.4 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) NEWSPAPER PRESERVATION ACT § 48.4 Application for approval of joint newspaper operating arrangement entered into after July 24, 1970. (a) Persons desiring to obtain...

  14. 26 CFR 31.3121(b)(14)-1 - Services in delivery or distribution of newspapers, shopping news, or magazines.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... newspapers, shopping news, or magazines. 31.3121(b)(14)-1 Section 31.3121(b)(14)-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL... distribution of newspapers, shopping news, or magazines. (a) Services of individuals under age 18. Services performed by an employee under the age of 18 in the delivery or distribution of newspapers or shopping...

  15. 26 CFR 31.3306(c)(15)-1 - Services in delivery or distribution of newspapers, shopping news, or magazines.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... newspapers, shopping news, or magazines. 31.3306(c)(15)-1 Section 31.3306(c)(15)-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL..., Internal Revenue Code of 1954) § 31.3306(c)(15)-1 Services in delivery or distribution of newspapers... under the age of 18 in the delivery or distribution of newspapers or shopping news, not...

  16. An Analysis of Reader-Interest and Readership of the Advertising Content of a Small Daily Newspaper.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Larkin, Ernest F.; And Others

    The study reported in this paper was designed to determine how consumers perceive the newspaper and how they use it; specifically, how well read is newspaper advertising and how do readers of a small daily newspaper feel about advertising content. A team of trained, paid interviewers collected data in two waves, one week apart, from a random…

  17. 26 CFR 31.3306(c)(15)-1 - Services in delivery or distribution of newspapers, shopping news, or magazines.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... newspapers, shopping news, or magazines. 31.3306(c)(15)-1 Section 31.3306(c)(15)-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL..., Internal Revenue Code of 1954) § 31.3306(c)(15)-1 Services in delivery or distribution of newspapers... under the age of 18 in the delivery or distribution of newspapers or shopping news, not...

  18. 26 CFR 31.3121(b)(14)-1 - Services in delivery or distribution of newspapers, shopping news, or magazines.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... newspapers, shopping news, or magazines. 31.3121(b)(14)-1 Section 31.3121(b)(14)-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL... distribution of newspapers, shopping news, or magazines. (a) Services of individuals under age 18. Services performed by an employee under the age of 18 in the delivery or distribution of newspapers or shopping...

  19. 28 CFR 48.4 - Application for approval of joint newspaper operating arrangement entered into after July 24, 1970.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... newspaper operating arrangement entered into after July 24, 1970. 48.4 Section 48.4 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) NEWSPAPER PRESERVATION ACT § 48.4 Application for approval of joint newspaper operating arrangement entered into after July 24, 1970. (a) Persons desiring to obtain...

  20. 26 CFR 31.3306(c)(15)-1 - Services in delivery or distribution of newspapers, shopping news, or magazines.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... newspapers, shopping news, or magazines. 31.3306(c)(15)-1 Section 31.3306(c)(15)-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL..., Internal Revenue Code of 1954) § 31.3306(c)(15)-1 Services in delivery or distribution of newspapers... under the age of 18 in the delivery or distribution of newspapers or shopping news, not...

  1. 26 CFR 31.3306(c)(15)-1 - Services in delivery or distribution of newspapers, shopping news, or magazines.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... newspapers, shopping news, or magazines. 31.3306(c)(15)-1 Section 31.3306(c)(15)-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL..., Internal Revenue Code of 1954) § 31.3306(c)(15)-1 Services in delivery or distribution of newspapers... under the age of 18 in the delivery or distribution of newspapers or shopping news, not...

  2. 26 CFR 31.3121(b)(14)-1 - Services in delivery or distribution of newspapers, shopping news, or magazines.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... newspapers, shopping news, or magazines. 31.3121(b)(14)-1 Section 31.3121(b)(14)-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL... distribution of newspapers, shopping news, or magazines. (a) Services of individuals under age 18. Services performed by an employee under the age of 18 in the delivery or distribution of newspapers or shopping...

  3. 28 CFR 48.4 - Application for approval of joint newspaper operating arrangement entered into after July 24, 1970.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... newspaper operating arrangement entered into after July 24, 1970. 48.4 Section 48.4 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) NEWSPAPER PRESERVATION ACT § 48.4 Application for approval of joint newspaper operating arrangement entered into after July 24, 1970. (a) Persons desiring to obtain...

  4. 26 CFR 31.3306(c)(15)-1 - Services in delivery or distribution of newspapers, shopping news, or magazines.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... newspapers, shopping news, or magazines. 31.3306(c)(15)-1 Section 31.3306(c)(15)-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL..., Internal Revenue Code of 1954) § 31.3306(c)(15)-1 Services in delivery or distribution of newspapers... under the age of 18 in the delivery or distribution of newspapers or shopping news, not...

  5. 26 CFR 31.3121(b)(14)-1 - Services in delivery or distribution of newspapers, shopping news, or magazines.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... newspapers, shopping news, or magazines. 31.3121(b)(14)-1 Section 31.3121(b)(14)-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL... distribution of newspapers, shopping news, or magazines. (a) Services of individuals under age 18. Services performed by an employee under the age of 18 in the delivery or distribution of newspapers or shopping...

  6. 26 CFR 31.3121(b)(14)-1 - Services in delivery or distribution of newspapers, shopping news, or magazines.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... newspapers, shopping news, or magazines. 31.3121(b)(14)-1 Section 31.3121(b)(14)-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL... distribution of newspapers, shopping news, or magazines. (a) Services of individuals under age 18. Services performed by an employee under the age of 18 in the delivery or distribution of newspapers or shopping...

  7. A Content Analysis of Electronic Cigarette Portrayal in Newspapers

    PubMed Central

    Yates, Katherine; Friedman, Katherine; Slater, Michael D.; Berman, Micah; Paskett, Electra D.; Ferketich, Amy K.

    2015-01-01

    Objective To determine how electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) are portrayed in newspaper informative articles and opinion pieces. Methods A content analysis was conducted on 450 articles published in the United States from 1997 to mid-2014 and obtained by a Newsbank search. The articles were reliably coded for overall frame, type of article, first topic and main topics addressed. Results The article topics have changed over time and suggest significant differences between news articles and opinion pieces. Informative articles focused on e-cigarette regulation, while opinion pieces highlighted their increasing popularity and perceived health benefits. Conclusions This content analysis uncovered significant interest in e-cigarettes, particularly in their regulation. The FDA should consider public perceptions of e-cigarettes when developing regulations. PMID:26229974

  8. LATIN--Latin American Regional News Agency.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nichols, John Spicer

    The establishment of a regional news agency for Latin America to improve the balance of news flow and increase the transmission of news more applicable to regional problems has often been proposed. Despite wide acceptance of the concept, the birth of the Third World's first regional news agency, Agencia Latinoamericana de Informacion (LATIN), has…

  9. Forecast communication through the newspaper Part 1: Framing the forecaster

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Harris, Andrew J. L.

    2015-04-01

    This review is split into two parts both of which address issues of forecast communication of an environmental disaster through the newspaper during a period of crisis. The first part explores the process by which information passes from the scientist or forecaster, through the media filter, to the public. As part of this filter preference, omission, selection of data, source, quote and story, as well as placement of the same information within an individual piece or within the newspaper itself, can serve to distort the message. The result is the introduction of bias and slant—that is, the message becomes distorted so as to favor one side of the argument against another as it passes through the filter. Bias can be used to support spin or agenda setting, so that a particular emphasis becomes placed on the story which exerts an influence on the reader's judgment. The net result of the filter components is either a negative (contrary) or positive (supportive) frame. Tabloidization of the news has also resulted in the use of strong, evocative, exaggerated words, headlines and images to support a frame. I illustrate these various elements of the media filter using coverage of the air space closure due to the April 2010 eruption of Eyjafjallajökull (Iceland). Using the British press coverage of this event it is not difficult to find examples of all media filter elements, application of which resulted in bias against the forecast and forecaster. These actors then became named and blamed. Within this logic, it becomes only too easy for forecasters and scientists to be framed in a negative way through blame culture. The result is that forecast is framed in such a way so as to cause the forecaster to be blamed for all losses associated with the loss-causing event. Within the social amplification of risk framework (SARF), this can amplify a negative impression of the risk, the event and the response. However, actions can be taken to avoid such an outcome. These actions

  10. Advising a Student Newspaper or Yearbook Is Worth All the Blood, Sweat, and Tears!

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Olson, Lyle D.

    1993-01-01

    Maintains that advising a student newspaper or yearbook is an extremely valuable job and that such publications fill a vital role in schools, offer real-world experience, and fit in with the writing-across-the-curriculum movement. (SR)

  11. Nursing Supply and Demand: An Analysis of Newspapers, Journals, and Newsletters.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rosenfeld, Peri; Moses, Evelyn B.

    1988-01-01

    A systematic collection and review of newspaper, journal, and newsletter articles related to the nursing shortage were undertaken. Data were analyzed for several variables, including geographic region, type of article, and type of facility. (CH)

  12. The effective use of newspaper information in corporations (2) Centered around corporate and managemant information

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kamio, Tatsuo

    A newspaper article is a fragmentary record of fact. For information activities in corporations it is fundamental to gather newspaper articles related to the object thema as many as possible, integrate them, analyze them, and then, create new intelligence based on them. Here in databases become effective measures. It seems essential to construct searching strategy with high recall of necessary information and understand the databases in detail when we use newspaper article databases. The cases that newspaper databases are useful for business are represented by (1) research and analysis for problem solving, (2) gathering of knowledge, and confirmation of the facts, and (3) constant observation of facts without missing any change in there. Particularly for case (1) various methods are tried for analyzing the tendency.

  13. Effects of newspaper coverage on public knowledge about modifiable cancer risks.

    PubMed

    Stryker, Jo Ellen; Moriarty, Cortney M; Jensen, Jakob D

    2008-07-01

    This study explores the relationship between cancer newspaper coverage and public knowledge about cancer prevention, confirming self-reported associations between news exposure and cancer prevention knowledge with descriptions of newspaper coverage of modifiable cancer risks. Content analyses (N = 954) revealed that newspapers pay relatively little attention to cancer prevention. However, there is greater newspaper attention to tobacco and diet than to exercise, sun, and alcohol. Survey analysis (the National Cancer Institute's Health Information National Trends Survey) revealed that after controlling for differences based on gender, race, age, income, and education, attention to health news was significantly associated with knowledge about cancer risks associated with food and smoking but not for knowledge about exercise, sun, or alcohol. These findings conform to the findings of the content analysis data and provide a validation of a self-reported measure of media exposure, as well as evidence suggesting a threshold below which news coverage may not generate public knowledge about cancer prevention.

  14. Normabweichungen im Zeitungsdeutsch Ostbelgiens (Deviations from the Standard in the Newspaper German of East Belgium)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nelde, Peter H.

    1974-01-01

    Concludes that the German used in the east Belgium newspaper differs fr om standard High German. Proceeds to list these differences in the areas of lexicology, semantics and stylistics, morphology and syntax, orthography e tc. (Text is in German.) (DS)

  15. After the Highwayman: Syntax and Successful Placement of Press Releases in Newspapers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walters, Timothy N.; And Others

    1994-01-01

    Compares the grammatical structure of original press releases with the resultant placements in daily newspapers. Finds that, in their use of press releases, journalists almost always have to make them simpler, shorter, easier to read, and less passive. (SR)

  16. Transmission eigenvalues

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cakoni, Fioralba; Haddar, Houssem

    2013-10-01

    In inverse scattering theory, transmission eigenvalues can be seen as the extension of the notion of resonant frequencies for impenetrable objects to the case of penetrable dielectrics. The transmission eigenvalue problem is a relatively late arrival to the spectral theory of partial differential equations. Its first appearance was in 1986 in a paper by Kirsch who was investigating the denseness of far-field patterns for scattering solutions of the Helmholtz equation or, in more modern terminology, the injectivity of the far-field operator [1]. The paper of Kirsch was soon followed by a more systematic study by Colton and Monk in the context of developing the dual space method for solving the inverse scattering problem for acoustic waves in an inhomogeneous medium [2]. In this paper they showed that for a spherically stratified media transmission eigenvalues existed and formed a discrete set. Numerical examples were also given showing that in principle transmission eigenvalues could be determined from the far-field data. This first period of interest in transmission eigenvalues was concluded with papers by Colton et al in 1989 [3] and Rynne and Sleeman in 1991 [4] showing that for an inhomogeneous medium (not necessarily spherically stratified) transmission eigenvalues, if they existed, formed a discrete set. For the next seventeen years transmission eigenvalues were ignored. This was mainly due to the fact that, with the introduction of various sampling methods to determine the shape of an inhomogeneous medium from far-field data, transmission eigenvalues were something to be avoided and hence the fact that transmission eigenvalues formed at most a discrete set was deemed to be sufficient. In addition, questions related to the existence of transmission eigenvalues or the structure of associated eigenvectors were recognized as being particularly difficult due to the nonlinearity of the eigenvalue problem and the special structure of the associated transmission

  17. Automatic transmission

    SciTech Connect

    Miura, M.; Aoki, H.

    1988-02-02

    An automatic transmission is described comprising: an automatic transmission mechanism portion comprising a single planetary gear unit and a dual planetary gear unit; carriers of both of the planetary gear units that are integral with one another; an input means for inputting torque to the automatic transmission mechanism, clutches for operatively connecting predetermined ones of planetary gear elements of both of the planetary gear units to the input means and braking means for restricting the rotation of predetermined ones of planetary gear elements of both of the planetary gear units. The clutches are disposed adjacent one another at an end portion of the transmission for defining a clutch portion of the transmission; a first clutch portion which is attachable to the automatic transmission mechanism portion for comprising the clutch portion when attached thereto; a second clutch portion that is attachable to the automatic transmission mechanism portion in place of the first clutch portion for comprising the clutch portion when so attached. The first clutch portion comprising first clutch for operatively connecting the input means to a ring gear of the single planetary gear unit and a second clutch for operatively connecting the input means to a single gear of the automatic transmission mechanism portion. The second clutch portion comprising a the first clutch, the second clutch, and a third clutch for operatively connecting the input member to a ring gear of the dual planetary gear unit.

  18. AQUIFER TRANSMISSIVITY

    EPA Science Inventory

    Evaluation of groundwater resources requires the knowledge of the capacity of aquifers to store and transmit ground water. This requires estimates of key hydraulic parameters, such as the transmissivity, among others. The transmissivity T (m2/sec) is a hydrauli...

  19. Coverage of health-related articles in major local newspapers of Manipur

    PubMed Central

    Paul, Sourabh; Singh, Akoijam Brogen

    2016-01-01

    Background: Newspapers have immense potential for generating health awareness on diverse issues such as hygiene, immunization, environmental pollution, and communicable disease. The present study was conducted to determine the frequency of coverage and types of health-related articles published in local newspapers of Manipur. Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional study conducted among the most regularly published 10 local newspapers (4 English and 6 Manipuri) of Manipur from February 2011 to January 2012. Health-related articles published in everyday local newspapers were collected after careful search and finally entered into a design Proforma under different categories. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 16. Results: Total health-related articles published were 10,874 and maximum articles were published during February (12.8%). Maximum health-related articles were published on Wednesday (16.1%). Among all the health-related articles, almost half were related with injury followed by public health articles. Maximum public health and injury-related articles were published on Monday, but medical topics were published more on Wednesday. Newspapers of both the languages were publishing public health articles more compared to medical topics. Public health (72.9%) and injury-related articles (95.9%) were published maximum in the news items section, but medical topics (45.8%) were published maximum in the health section of the newspaper. Newspapers of both the languages published maximum small size articles. Conclusions: There is a room for improvement for newspapers of both the languages regarding number of health-related articles’ publication, section of publication, and size of the health articles. PMID:27512695

  20. Democratic discussion in newspaper reporting of the Australia-United States Free Trade Agreement.

    PubMed

    Sykes, Robbie

    2008-10-01

    This article presents a Habermasian analysis of newspaper reporting of the debate surrounding the effect of the Australia-United States Free Trade Agreement (the FTA) on access to medicines through Australian patent law. Habermas's concept of the public sphere is utilised in determining whether discussion within the print media adequately conveyed complex legal issues to the public and facilitated democratic discussion. It was found that newspaper reporting generally failed to meet this standard.

  1. Ultrasound-assisted bioethanol production from waste newspaper.

    PubMed

    Subhedar, Preeti B; Gogate, Parag R

    2015-11-01

    The present work deals with intensification of bioethanol production from waste newspaper using Saccharomyces cerevisiae using ultrasonic irradiations. The effect of different process parameters such as application of ultrasonic irradiation at different growth phases, irradiation time, ultrasonic power and duty cycle on the bioethanol production has been investigated. The favorable conditions for the maximum yield were established as application of ultrasonic irradiation (duration of 10 min) to fermentation broth at 12 h of growth phase with 25 kHz frequency, 160 W power and 20% duty cycle. The bioethanol productivity was increased by 1.8 times from 7.8 to 14.1 g/L compared with the non-sonicated control fermentation. Decrease in glucose concentration from 0.63% to 0.2% w/v in ultrasound-assisted fermentation confirmed the improved substrate uptake of the microbial cell due to the application of ultrasound. ESEM analysis also confirmed the changes in the cell morphology leading to improved cell permeability. Results were fitted to an unstructured kinetic model comprising of the kinetic and physiological parameters. Overall, the work has demonstrated an intensified approach for the bioethanol production based on the use of ultrasound.

  2. The many faces of nano in newspaper reporting

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Boholm, Max; Boholm, Åsa

    2012-02-01

    The morpheme nano in languages such as Swedish and English is a constituent of many words. This article linguistically analyses the meaning potential of nano by focusing on word use in a Swedish newspaper corpus comprising 2,564 articles (1.6 million words) covering a 22-year period (1988-2010). Close to 400 word forms having nano as a constituent have been identified and analyzed. The results suggest that nano covers a broad and heterogeneous conceptual field: (i) as a prefix of the SI system; (ii) in relation to the scientific activities of nanoscience and nanotechnology, including their sub-processes and actors; and (iii) in relation to objects. The identified meanings of nano, besides the standard definition (i.e. `billionth part' in relation to SI units), are `operating at the nanometre level' in relation to activities and their actors and `nanometre sized' and `nanotechnological' in relation to objects; in addition, the less precise and non-technical meaning `very small' is identified. We discuss the implications of the findings for a hypothesis about media influence on public understanding of technology, suggesting that repeated findings in Europe and the USA of little self-reported understanding and knowledge of nanotechnology or nanoscience among the public make sense in light of the polysemy of nano reflected in its broad variety of verbal forms and usages.

  3. Prevention and screening efficacy messages in newspaper accounts of cancer.

    PubMed

    Moriarty, Cortney M; Stryker, Jo Ellen

    2008-06-01

    The news media are a primary source of cancer prevention and detection information for the general public, but little is known about the content of cancer prevention and detection messages in mainstream media. This study examines how cancer prevention and screening efficacy messages are presented in cancer news media coverage. Efficacy messages provide information about skills related to prevention and screening behaviors. Analysis of cancer-related stories in 44 major US daily newspapers during 2003 (n = 2448) reveals that efficacy messages were rarely present in cancer stories. Efficacy messages were less likely to appear in stories that had a 'local' angle, but efficacy messages were more likely to appear in stories that contained 'mobilizing information' (additional resources for readers) or stories that mentioned highly preventable cancers (lung, skin, esophagus and bladder). The discussion includes a theory of norms for effectively influencing cancer-related behaviors through news reports. Implications of this work extend to the lack of efficacy messages when highly detectable cancers are mentioned, thus the lack of actionable information when health risks are presented, and a dearth of efficacy messages when localized information is present, each of which represent key areas for encouraging health journalists to include more efficacy statements.

  4. If it bleeds, it leads: the construction of workplace injury in Canadian newspapers, 2009–2014

    PubMed Central

    Barnetson, Bob; Foster, Jason

    2015-01-01

    Background: Public perceptions of workplace injuries are shaped by media reports, but the accuracy of such reports is unknown. Objective: This study identifies differences between workers' compensation claims data and newspaper reports of workplace injuries in Canadian newspapers and media sources. Methods: This study applies quantitative content analysis to 245 Canadian English-language newspaper articles from 2009 to 2014. Workers' compensation claims data is drawn from the Association of Workers' Compensation Boards of Canada. Results: Newspapers dramatically overreport fatalities, injuries to men, injuries in the construction and mining/quarrying/oil industries, injuries stemming from contact with objects/equipment and fires/explosions, and acute physical injuries such as burns, fractures, intracranial injuries, and traumatic injuries. Newspaper reporters tend to rely upon government, police/firefighter, and employer accounts, rarely recounting the perspectives of workers. Conclusion: Newspapers overreported fatalities, injuries to men, and injuries in the construction and mining/quarrying/oil industries. This results in a misleading picture of occupational injuries in Canada. PMID:26070326

  5. Local-Community Interests and South Carolinian Newspapers' Coverage of Smoke-Free Policies.

    PubMed

    Kim, Sei-Hill; Thrasher, James F; Rose, India D; Craft, Mary-Kathryn

    2016-07-15

    In this quantitative content analysis, we assess how smoke-free policies are presented in South Carolinian newspapers. In particular, this study examines the extent to which newspapers' coverage of smoke free-policies has represented the interests of their local communities. We compare newspapers in the communities whose economy relies heavily on the tourism and hospitality industry (The Post & Courier in Charleston and The Sun News in Myrtle Beach) and newspapers elsewhere (The State in Columbia and The Greenville News in Greenville), and see whether there are meaningful differences between the newspapers in the way they portray smoke-free policies, particularly in terms of their selective uses of news sources and key arguments. Our findings indicate that South Carolinian newspapers portrayed smoke-free policies largely as a political issue. Many political reasons to either support or oppose the policies were found in almost two out of three articles. We also found that The Post & Courier and The Sun News were more likely than The State and The Greenville News to make arguments against smoke-free policies, and this was particularly so when they were talking about economic impacts of the policies. Public health and media advocacy implications are discussed in detail.

  6. Newspaper Coverage Effects on the Promotion of a Lifestyle Intervention Program

    PubMed Central

    Tjelta, Leif I.

    2013-01-01

    The study's purpose was to measure the impact of an individually designed lifestyle intervention program on the readers of a regional newspaper. A newspaper with 180,000 daily readers covered a story about three untrained and overweight adults who participated in an individually designed lifestyle intervention program. Their goals were to become physically fit and run a half marathon (21.1 km) after 14 weeks of training. The newspaper published on average three weekly articles throughout the project period, including the weekly training program and a record of the physical improvements made by the participants. The number of hits on the project's web site was recorded. Spin-off effects on the responses of readers were mapped. The project's web site had 25,000 unique weekly hits. Significant spin-off effects included the establishment of training groups which were still active after two years and the launch of a similar project by another regional newspaper. This individually designed lifestyle intervention program was successfully scaled up and reached a large number of the newspaper's readers. The collaboration between a newspaper and exercise researchers could also be adapted to other press media and represents a novel approach to improve participation in physical activities. PMID:24319595

  7. Portrayal of the Human Resource Crisis and Accountability in Healthcare: A Qualitative Analysis of Ugandan Newspapers

    PubMed Central

    Wojczewski, Silvia; Willcox, Merlin; Mubangizi, Vincent; Hoffmann, Kathryn; Peersman, Wim; Niederkrotenthaler, Thomas; Natukunda, Silvia; Maling, Samuel; Maier, Manfred; Mant, David; Kutalek, Ruth

    2015-01-01

    Background Uganda is one of the 57 countries with a critical shortage of health workers. The aim of this study was to determine how the human resources and health service crisis was covered in Ugandan newspapers and, in particular, how the newspapers attributed accountability for problems in the health services. Methods We collected all articles related to health workers and health services for the calendar year 2012 in the two largest national newspapers in Uganda (collection on daily basis) and in one local newspaper (collection on weekly basis). These articles were analysed qualitatively regarding the main themes covered and attribution of accountability. Results The two more urban national newspapers published 229 articles on human resources and health services in Uganda (on average over two articles per week), whereas the local more rural newspaper published only a single article on this issue in the 12 month period. The majority of articles described problems in the health service without discussing accountability. The question of accountability is raised in only 46% of articles (106 articles). The responsibility of the government was discussed in 50 articles (21%), and negligence, corruption and misbehaviour by individual health workers was reported in 56 articles (25%). In the articles about corruption (n=35), 60% (21 articles) mention corruption by health workers and 40% (14 articles) mention corruption by government officials. Six articles defended the situation of health workers in Uganda. Conclusions The coverage of accountability in the Ugandan newspapers surveyed is insufficient to generate informed debate on what political actions need to be taken to improve the crisis in health care and services. There exists not only an “inverse care law” but also an “inverse information law”: those sections of society with the greatest health needs and problems in accessing quality health care receive the least information about health services. PMID

  8. Amount of photographic coverage for boys and girls on the sports page of newspapers as related to circulation size.

    PubMed

    Pedersen, Paul M; Whisenant, Warren A

    2002-12-01

    The present study analyzed the amount of photographic coverage devoted to high school athletics over 1 year. Previous research pertaining to sex differences in newspaper coverage of sports has focused on the amount of written coverage given. Present findings indicated that, as with written coverage given female athletes, photographic coverage differed significantly by newspaper circulation. Specifically, the larger the newspaper circulation, the more inequitable the photographic coverage of high school athletics was for girls.

  9. Emotional tone of ontario newspaper articles on the health effects of industrial wind turbines before and after policy change.

    PubMed

    Deignan, Benjamin; Hoffman-Goetz, Laurie

    2015-01-01

    Newspapers are often a primary source of health information for the public about emerging technologies. Information in newspapers can amplify or attenuate readers' perceptions of health risk depending on how it is presented. Five geographically distinct wind energy installations in Ontario, Canada were identified, and newspapers published in their surrounding communities were systematically searched for articles on health effects from industrial wind turbines from May 2007 to April 2011. The authors retrieved 421 articles from 13 community, 2 provincial, and 2 national newspapers. To measure the emotional tone of the articles, the authors used a list of negative and positive words, informed from previous studies as well as from a random sample of newspaper articles included in this study. The majority of newspaper articles (64.6%, n = 272) emphasized negative rather than positive/neutral tone, with community newspapers publishing a higher proportion of negative articles than provincial or national newspapers, χ(2)(2) = 15.1, p < .001. Articles were more likely to be negative when published 2 years after compared with 2 years before provincial legislation to reduce dependence on fossil fuels (the Green Energy Act), χ(2)(3) = 9.7, p < .05. Repeated public exposure to negative newspaper content may heighten readers' health risk perceptions about wind energy.

  10. 40 CFR 86.228-94 - Transmissions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 19 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Transmissions. 86.228-94 Section 86.228-94 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED... Passenger Vehicles; Cold Temperature Test Procedures § 86.228-94 Transmissions. The provisions of §...

  11. 40 CFR 86.228-94 - Transmissions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 18 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Transmissions. 86.228-94 Section 86.228-94 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED... Passenger Vehicles; Cold Temperature Test Procedures § 86.228-94 Transmissions. The provisions of §...

  12. 40 CFR 86.128-00 - Transmissions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 19 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Transmissions. 86.128-00 Section 86.128-00 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED...-Duty Vehicles; Test Procedures § 86.128-00 Transmissions. Section 86.128-00 includes text...

  13. 40 CFR 86.128-00 - Transmissions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 18 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Transmissions. 86.128-00 Section 86.128-00 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED...-Duty Vehicles; Test Procedures § 86.128-00 Transmissions. Section 86.128-00 includes text...

  14. 40 CFR 86.128-00 - Transmissions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 19 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Transmissions. 86.128-00 Section 86.128-00 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED...-Duty Vehicles; Test Procedures § 86.128-00 Transmissions. Section 86.128-00 includes text...

  15. 40 CFR 86.128-00 - Transmissions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 18 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Transmissions. 86.128-00 Section 86.128-00 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED...-Duty Vehicles; Test Procedures § 86.128-00 Transmissions. Section 86.128-00 includes text...

  16. 40 CFR 86.228-94 - Transmissions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 19 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Transmissions. 86.228-94 Section 86.228-94 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED... Passenger Vehicles; Cold Temperature Test Procedures § 86.228-94 Transmissions. The provisions of §...

  17. 40 CFR 86.228-94 - Transmissions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 18 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Transmissions. 86.228-94 Section 86.228-94 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED... Passenger Vehicles; Cold Temperature Test Procedures § 86.228-94 Transmissions. The provisions of §...

  18. IYA Newspaper Supplement and Overview of Working Group on Science/Visitor Centers, Planetaria, and Observatories

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Harvey, J.; Michaud, P.

    2008-11-01

    In 2003 and 2005 the Gemini Observatory Public Information and Outreach office (To contact the authors email {jharvey@gemini.edu} or {pmichaud@gemini.edu}.) spearheaded a partnership with our local host-community's leading newspapers to create a newspaper supplement on astronomy in Hawaii and Chile. The resulting publications (twice in Hawaii and once in Chile) were extremely successful by any measure and serve as a model for local media partnerships--especially for IYA. This paper will summarize the key issues involved in creating a partnership with a local newspaper that will result in a successful publication that satisfies the newspaper, advertisers, readers and the astronomers and institutions featured in the supplement. For IYA an initiative has begun that would help communities in producing newspaper supplements on astronomy for IYA as part of the working group for Science Centers, Planetaria and Observatory Visitors Centers. Finally, a summary of this and other initiatives of this working group will be shared and participants will be allowed to exchange ideas for IYA programming.

  19. The use of a newspaper insertion to promote DIY testing of vision in India

    PubMed Central

    Murthy, G; Gupta, S. K.; Dada, V. K.; Pant, T. D.; Savita, C.; Sanga, L.; Neena, J.

    2001-01-01

    BACKGROUND—The mass media have the potential to motivate people to participate in self appraisal of their own health status. An innovative communication package was designed to help people to examine vision at home. The impact of publishing the "do it yourself" (DIY) kit in Indian newspapers was evaluated.
METHODS—A pretested bilingual vision testing kit was published in three newspapers. The kit comprised four tumbling Es corresponding to 6/12 line of Snellen's optotypes. Directions on using the kit were enclosed. 3 -7 days after publication of the kit, a telephone survey of newspaper readers was undertaken to evaluate the impact and cost effectiveness.
RESULTS—603 people were contacted over the telephone. 125 (20.73%) subscribed to the newspaper carrying the DIY insertion. 43.2% (54) noticed the insertion of which 88.89% (48) read the enclosed instructions carefully. 58.33% respondents felt sufficiently motivated to contact an ophthalmologist. Graduates had a 3.83 times higher probability of reading the communication insertion compared with others. Differences in relation to other demographic variables were not statistically significant.
CONCLUSIONS—Newspapers are an excellent medium for communicating self appraisal kits for vision testing. The medium is cost effective and has significant reach in the urban agglomerates of India.

 PMID:11466254

  20. The reporting of cervical cancer in the mass media: a study of UK newspapers.

    PubMed

    Bell, L; Seale, C

    2011-05-01

    Cervical cancer disproportionately affects those in lower socio-economic groups. Mass media, including newspapers, are an important source of information about disease and how to prevent it. An analysis of UK national newspaper content between 2000 and 2009 is reported, assessing the extent to which information is provided about early signs and symptoms, risk factors and ways of preventing cervical cancer. The messages in newspapers targeted at readers in lower socio-economic groups are compared with the messages in other newspapers, and the impact of reporting the illness and death of the reality TV star, Jade Goody, on the level of medical information contained in articles is assessed. Tabloid or 'popular' newspapers are found to provide more information about early signs and symptoms, and no less information about risk factors, when compared with broadsheets or 'serious' papers. This is due to their greater use of personal stories of people with cervical cancer. The Jade Goody story was associated with an increase in information about early signs and symptoms, and about screening, but not (with the exception of the role played by social deprivation) about risk factors. Suggestions about how to approach public education via an entertainment format in mass media are made.

  1. Newspaper coverage of HIV/AIDS in China from 2000 to 2010.

    PubMed

    Gao, Junling; Fu, Hua; Lin, Lavinia; Nehl, Eric J; Wong, Frank Y; Zheng, Pinpin

    2013-01-01

    Mass media in China play a significant role in the dissemination of HIV/AIDS knowledge to the general public. Previous studies have described how the Chinese mass media portray HIV/AIDS in general, but no study has yet to examine changes in patterns of HIV/AIDS reporting over time. This study aims to describe and examine newspaper coverage of HIV/AIDS in China from 2000 to 2010. A systematic search of the China Core Newspapers Database was conducted to identify HIV/AIDS-focused news articles; we found 3648 articles. Results show that coverage rates of HIV/AIDS in newspapers remained low, with only about three articles published per newspaper per year between 2000 and 2010. The sources focused primarily on prevention methods (23.7%), development of a cure or vaccine (21.2%), and education and awareness (17.2%). The HIV/AIDS-related topic covered in an article varied significantly depending on scope (national vs. local) of the newspaper (χ(2)=130.37, p<0.001) and article type (χ(2)=455.72, p<0.001). Totally, more articles were classified as positive than negative from 2002 to 2010. Findings indicate that the HIV/AIDS news-reporting pattern has shifted in the past decade, with more news stories disclosing information about prevention or treatment. However, coverage of HIV/AIDS remains insufficient. Enhancing collaboration between health educators and media sources can be an important strategy in disseminating HIV/AIDS knowledge.

  2. Reporting diet-related health issues through newspapers: portrayal of cardiovascular disease and Type 2 diabetes.

    PubMed

    Hellyer, Nicole Elizabeth; Haddock-Fraser, Janet

    2011-02-01

    This study identifies (i) the extent to which newsprint media communicate to their readers the lifestyle factors associated with the development of cardiovascular disease and Type 2 diabetes and (ii) newspaper portrayal of social determinants affecting onset of disease. A content analysis of five leading UK national newspapers and their Sunday equivalents was conducted over a 3-month period between January and March 2008. This study shows that cardiovascular disease had much higher press interest than Type 2 diabetes. 'Middle-market' and 'Quality' papers had higher levels of reporting than the 'Popular' press, but the patterns were more complex when the comprehensiveness of reporting was measured within each article. Social determinants affecting disease onset were poorly reported by newspapers, supporting similar research conducted in other countries. This research identifies that there is potential for newspapers to improve their reporting of lifestyle diseases, by including individual and social determinants of disease onset. Lower social classes who read the popular press receive the lowest frequency of reporting and could benefit most from this information. While the research identifies that newspapers are missing the potential to actively communicate and reinforce government health policy, it recognises that the commercial context of the print media may counter such behaviour.

  3. Pilot Alcohol Violations Reported in U.S. Newspapers, 1990–2006

    PubMed Central

    Kraus, Chadd K.; Li, Guohua

    2009-01-01

    Introduction Alcohol violations by airline pilots are rare yet remain a public concern. Such incidents often generate widespread news coverage. This study examines the frequency and characteristics of alcohol violation incidents involving airline pilots reported in U.S. newspapers. Methods The database of Lexis-Nexis™, which contains full-text articles for over 350 newspapers, was searched to identify alcohol violation incidents involving airline pilots in the U.S. between January 1990 and June 2006. Information pertaining to the pilot, flight, blood alcohol concentration (BAC), and consequence was ascertained for each incident based on the newspaper coverage. Results During the study period, newspapers reported on a total of 13 incidents of alcohol violations involving 17 pilots. All but two of the incidents occurred during January 2002 through June 2006. The majority (85%) of the incidents were first identified by airport personnel, such as security screeners, based on suspicion of alcohol use by the pilot. Subsequent alcohol testing revealed a mean BAC of 90 mg/dL (ranging from 10 mg · dL−1 to 182 mg · dL−1). Of the 17 pilots, 6 were known to be prosecuted criminally, including 5 who were sentenced to jail terms. Discussion Incidents of alcohol violations by airline pilots reported in U.S. newspapers have increased in recent years. This increase is likely due in part to increased detection resulting from enhanced aviation security and enforcement following the September 2001 terrorist attacks. PMID:17183928

  4. Power transmission

    SciTech Connect

    Yale, O.S.

    1989-12-12

    This patent describes a power transmission. It comprises: in combination, a master gear having at least one annular tooth set, means for drivingly engaging the master gear with a power source, driven shaft, a yoke member attached to the shaft and including a screw pump housing extending radially with respect to the shaft with a pair of ports in spaced relation, a pump screw rotatable in the housing and a pump gear attached to the screw and engaging the annular tooth set, and a casing for transmission fluid. The pump housing being located for immersion in the fluid.

  5. Forecast communication through the newspaper Part 2: perceptions of uncertainty

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Harris, Andrew J. L.

    2015-04-01

    In the first part of this review, I defined the media filter and how it can operate to frame and blame the forecaster for losses incurred during an environmental disaster. In this second part, I explore the meaning and role of uncertainty when a forecast, and its basis, is communicated through the response and decision-making chain to the newspaper, especially during a rapidly evolving natural disaster which has far-reaching business, political, and societal impacts. Within the media-based communication system, there remains a fundamental disconnect of the definition of uncertainty and the interpretation of the delivered forecast between various stakeholders. The definition and use of uncertainty differs especially between scientific, media, business, and political stakeholders. This is a serious problem for the scientific community when delivering forecasts to the public though the press. As reviewed in Part 1, the media filter can result in a negative frame, which itself is a result of bias, slant, spin, and agenda setting introduced during passage of the forecast and its uncertainty through the media filter. The result is invariably one of anger and fury, which causes loss of credibility and blaming of the forecaster. Generation of a negative frame can be aided by opacity of the decision-making process that the forecast is used to support. The impact of the forecast will be determined during passage through the decision-making chain where the precautionary principle and cost-benefit analysis, for example, will likely be applied. Choice of forecast delivery format, vehicle of communication, syntax of delivery, and lack of follow-up measures can further contribute to causing the forecast and its role to be misrepresented. Follow-up measures to negative frames may include appropriately worded press releases and conferences that target forecast misrepresentation or misinterpretation in an attempt to swing the slant back in favor of the forecaster. Review of

  6. Drowning in a high-income developing country in the Middle East: newspapers as an essential resource for injury surveillance.

    PubMed

    Barss, Peter; Subait, Omer Mohamed; Ali, Mohamed Hassan Al; Grivna, Michal

    2009-01-01

    Despite frequent media accounts of drownings in the United Arab Emirates, little was known about the epidemiology and prevention of such incidents. The research objective was to assess newspapers as a national source on incidence, activities, and risk factors for drowning in this high-income media-rich developing country where official sources do not include sufficient variables for injury prevention. The three main national English and six Arabic newspapers were assessed for electronic retrieval of incidents, which proved impractical; however, the largest English-language paper maintained a clipping file on drowning. Newspaper data, including incidence, activity, and purpose, together with personal, equipment, and environmental risk factors, were compared with Ministry of Health reports for 1998-2002. Incidence from clippings was 0.50drownings/100,000population/year and from Ministry reports, 0.27. Activity such as swimming or boating and purpose of activity such as recreational or occupational were unreported by the Ministry. Activity was reported in 100% of newspaper clippings. Swimming (49%) was the most common activity. The purpose of 17% of cases was classified as occupational. Gender was 100% complete in both sources. In newspaper reports, age was classifiable as child or adult, while the Ministry used age groups. National citizenship was 100% reported by Ministry; 91% of newspaper reports included nationality, providing details for expatriates. Swimming ability was unreported by Ministry, and by newspaper 52%, of whom 73% were non-swimmers. While the newspaper provided information on body of water, mainly ocean and pools, this was unreported by Ministry. Month was unspecified by Ministry, 100% by newspaper. Neither reported safety equipment. The newspaper proved the most useful resource for drowning prevention since there were more incidents and most included key variables; however, Ministry reports provided supplementary information. Newspapers with

  7. Newspaper coverage of mental illness in the UK, 1992-2008

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    Background Recent years have seen a number of attempts to reduce the stigma related to mental illness; the media can play a significant role in perpetuating this stigma. This paper analyses trends in newspaper coverage of mental illness in the UK between 1992-2008 across a range of psychiatric diagnoses. Methods A content analysis was performed on a sample of articles (n = 1361) about mental illness in a range of UK newspapers in 1992, 2000, and 2008. Results There was a significant proportional reduction in negative articles about mental illness between 1992 and 2008, and a significant increase in articles explaining psychiatric disorders. Coverage improved for depression but remained largely negative for schizophrenia. Conclusions Newspaper coverage of mental illness became less stigmatising overall in the 1990s and 2000s, but this was not true for all diagnoses. PMID:21992410

  8. The effective use of newspaper information in corporations (1) Centered around industrial and technical information

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Masuyama, Keiichi

    The author explains the such background that as information society has progressed, databases have become much more important than ever in effectively utilizing information resourses which newspaper companies hold. This explanation is also the report by a database producer of Nikkan Kogyo Shimbun newspaper article information. This database's coverage is all-directional in industry fields in order to meet the information needs there, being emphasized on advanced high-technology fields as well as new products. He introduces efficient searching methods including NK Thesaurus, corporate name code book. He also discusses the practices of the information use by showing some examples in which newspaper article data are actually used in industrial and technical fields.

  9. Polarizing news? Representations of threat and efficacy in leading US newspapers' coverage of climate change.

    PubMed

    Feldman, Lauren; Hart, P Sol; Milosevic, Tijana

    2015-07-30

    This study examines non-editorial news coverage in leading US newspapers as a source of ideological differences on climate change. A quantitative content analysis compared how the threat of climate change and efficacy for actions to address it were represented in climate change coverage across The New York Times, The Wall Street Journal, The Washington Post, and USA Today between 2006 and 2011. Results show that The Wall Street Journal was least likely to discuss the impacts of and threat posed by climate change and most likely to include negative efficacy information and use conflict and negative economic framing when discussing actions to address climate change. The inclusion of positive efficacy information was similar across newspapers. Also, across all newspapers, climate impacts and actions to address climate change were more likely to be discussed separately than together in the same article. Implications for public engagement and ideological polarization are discussed.

  10. Smoke and Mirrors: U.K. Newspaper Representations of Intimate Partner Domestic Violence.

    PubMed

    Lloyd, Michele; Ramon, Shula

    2017-01-01

    News media are in a position to project certain perspectives on domestic violence while marginalizing others, which has implications for public understanding and policy development. This study applies discourse analysis to articles on domestic violence in two U.K. national daily newspapers published in 2001-2002 and 2011-2012 to evaluate evidence of change over a 10-year time span. The research examines how discourses of domestic violence are constructed through newspaper representations of victims, predominantly women, and perpetrators, predominantly men. Although one of the newspapers adopts a respectful position toward women, the textual and visual techniques adopted by the other reveal a tendency for blaming the victim and sexualizing violence related to perceptions of "deserving" or "undeserving" women victims.

  11. A survey of the use of newspapers in science instruction by secondary teachers in Northern Ireland

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jarman, Ruth; McClune, Billy

    2002-10-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore the extent and nature of teachers' use of newspapers in the secondary science classroom. A survey was conducted in 50 schools. Through semi-structured interviews with the heads of their science departments, three broad issues were investigated: the prevalence, pattern and purpose of use, classroom practice and curricular priorities. It was found that a great many teachers use newspapers, in some way, to support science instruction. The majority, however, used the resource incidentally rather than systematically. By far their most common intention was to highlight the link between school science and everyday life. Only a few reported that they used newspapers to develop among their students an aptitude and ability to read and respond critically to science in the media. It is suggested that such findings are significant in the context of current discussion of the school curriculum and 'scientific literacy'.

  12. HIV Transmission

    MedlinePlus

    ... Abroad Treatment Basic Statistics Get Tested Find an HIV testing site near you. Enter ZIP code or city Follow HIV/AIDS CDC HIV CDC HIV/AIDS See RSS | ... on HIV Syndicated Content Website Feedback HIV/AIDS HIV Transmission Language: English Transmisión del VIH Recommend on ...

  13. Media Reporting of Neuroscience Depends on Timing, Topic and Newspaper Type

    PubMed Central

    van Atteveldt, Nienke M.; van Aalderen-Smeets, Sandra I.; Jacobi, Carina; Ruigrok, Nel

    2014-01-01

    The rapid developments in neuroscientific techniques raise high expectations among the general public and therefore warrant close monitoring of the translation to the media and daily-life applications. The need of empirical research into neuroscience communication is emphasized by its susceptibility to evoke misconceptions and polarized beliefs. As the mass media are the main sources of information about (neuro-)science for a majority of the general public, the objective of the current research is to quantify how critically and accurately newspapers report on neuroscience as a function of the timing of publication (within or outside of periods of heightened media attention to neuroscience, termed “news waves”), the topic of the research (e.g. development, health, law) and the newspaper type (quality, popular, free newspapers). The results show that articles published during neuroscience news waves were less neutral and more optimistic, but not different in accuracy. Furthermore, the overall tone and accuracy of articles depended on the topic; for example, articles on development often had an optimistic tone whereas articles on law were often skeptical or balanced, and articles on health care had highest accuracy. Average accuracy was rather low, but articles in quality newspapers were relatively more accurate than in popular and free newspapers. Our results provide specific recommendations for researchers and science communicators, to improve the translation of neuroscience findings through the media: 1) Caution is warranted during periods of heightened attention (news waves), as reporting tends to be more optimistic; 2) Caution is also warranted not to follow topic-related biases in optimism (e.g., development) or skepticism (e.g., law); 3) Researchers should keep in mind that overall accuracy of reporting is low, and especially articles in popular and free newspapers provide a minimal amount of details. This indicates that researchers themselves may need to

  14. Media reporting of neuroscience depends on timing, topic and newspaper type.

    PubMed

    van Atteveldt, Nienke M; van Aalderen-Smeets, Sandra I; Jacobi, Carina; Ruigrok, Nel

    2014-01-01

    The rapid developments in neuroscientific techniques raise high expectations among the general public and therefore warrant close monitoring of the translation to the media and daily-life applications. The need of empirical research into neuroscience communication is emphasized by its susceptibility to evoke misconceptions and polarized beliefs. As the mass media are the main sources of information about (neuro-)science for a majority of the general public, the objective of the current research is to quantify how critically and accurately newspapers report on neuroscience as a function of the timing of publication (within or outside of periods of heightened media attention to neuroscience, termed "news waves"), the topic of the research (e.g. development, health, law) and the newspaper type (quality, popular, free newspapers). The results show that articles published during neuroscience news waves were less neutral and more optimistic, but not different in accuracy. Furthermore, the overall tone and accuracy of articles depended on the topic; for example, articles on development often had an optimistic tone whereas articles on law were often skeptical or balanced, and articles on health care had highest accuracy. Average accuracy was rather low, but articles in quality newspapers were relatively more accurate than in popular and free newspapers. Our results provide specific recommendations for researchers and science communicators, to improve the translation of neuroscience findings through the media: 1) Caution is warranted during periods of heightened attention (news waves), as reporting tends to be more optimistic; 2) Caution is also warranted not to follow topic-related biases in optimism (e.g., development) or skepticism (e.g., law); 3) Researchers should keep in mind that overall accuracy of reporting is low, and especially articles in popular and free newspapers provide a minimal amount of details. This indicates that researchers themselves may need to be

  15. Influenza newspaper reports and the influenza epidemic: an observational study in Fukuoka City, Japan

    PubMed Central

    Hagihara, Akihito; Onozuka, Daisuke; Miyazaki, Shougo; Abe, Takeru

    2015-01-01

    Objectives We examined whether the weekly number of newspaper articles reporting on influenza was related to the incidence of influenza in a large city. Design Prospective, non-randomised, observational study. Setting Registry data of influenza cases in Fukuoka City, Japan. Participants A total of 83 613 cases of influenza cases that occurred between October 1999 and March 2007 in Fukuoka City, Japan. Main outcome measure A linear model with autoregressive time series errors was fitted to time series data on the incidence of influenza and the accumulated number of influenza-related newspaper articles with different time lags in Fukuoka City, Japan. In order to obtain further evidence that the number of newspaper articles a week with specific time lags is related to the incidence of influenza, Granger causality was also tested. Results Of the 16 models including ‘number of newspaper articles’ with different time lags between 2 and 17 weeks (xt-2 to t-17), the β coefficients of ‘number of newspaper articles’ at time lags between t-5 and t-13 were significant. However, the β coefficients of ‘number of newspaper articles’ that are significant with respect to the Granger causality tests (p<0.05) were the weekly number of newspaper articles at time lags between t-6 and t-10 (time shift of 10 weeks, β=−0.301, p<0.01; time shift of 9 weeks, β=−0.200, p<0.01; time shift of 8 weeks, β=−0.156, p<0.01; time shift of 7 weeks, β=−0.122, p<0.05; time shift of 6 weeks, β=−0.113, p<0.05). Conclusions We found that the number of newspaper articles reporting on influenza in a week was related to the incidence of influenza 6–10 weeks after media coverage in a large city in Japan. PMID:26719323

  16. Stars Over Mauna Kea: Creating an IYA Supplement in Your Local Newspaper

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Harvey, J.

    2010-08-01

    Gemini Observatory's Public Information and Outreach Office along with other observatories on Mauna Kea produced a newspaper "tabloid" or special edition supplement on astronomy, specifically related to IYA (see figures 1 and 2). In addition, we contracted with the local newspaper to have an IYA website on their webpage. In the first six months the website had over 840,000 hits with over 5,000 downloads of the Stars Over Mauna Kea publication! As a general astronomy supplement the concept has proven extremely successful.

  17. Ideologies of the Press in Regard to English Language Learners: A Case Study of Two Newspapers in Arizona

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    González-Carriedo, Ricardo

    2014-01-01

    The media in general and newspapers in particular have a powerful influence on the formation of public attitudes in society. This study aimed at identifying and analyzing the ideologies of two newspapers in Arizona in regard to English language learners. Using discourse analysis, 90 texts published by "The Arizona Republic" and the…

  18. No Pending National Elections, Who Cares? What Newspaper Publications Reveal about Local Efforts Towards Millennium Development Goal 3

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arku, Frank S.; Arku, Cynthia

    2013-01-01

    The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) has become a catch phrase in development discourse. This study is an assessment of the MDG 3: to promote gender equality at all levels of education in Ghana. The Daily Graphic (a newspaper in Ghana) which is Ghana's prominent newspaper was reviewed from 2000 to 2011 to determine the frequency of articles…

  19. A National Study of High School Newspaper Programs: Environmental and Adviser Characteristics, Funding and Pressures on Free Expression.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lain, Laurence B.

    A study examined school, publication, and adviser characteristics most often associated with certain types of autonomy found in high school newspaper programs. From a compilation of all high schools in the United States, 434 schools were selected at random. Each school was sent a coded questionnaire concerning the school, the newspaper (if the…

  20. World of Conflict-World of Peace: Foreign Affairs News in Newspapers from Stable vs. Pluralistic Political Systems.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shaw, Donald L.; Stevenson, Robert L.

    A study was conducted to discover differences in foreign affairs news coverage in newspapers from countries with differing concepts of the role of the press. The study used data gathered in a content analysis of newspapers from 16 countries and the findings of an independent assessment of the relative freedom of press systems in those countries.…

  1. Rotorcraft transmission

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Coy, John J.

    1987-01-01

    The NASA Lewis Research Center and the U.S. Army Aviation Systems Command share an interest in advancing the technology for helicopter propulsion systems. In particular, this presentation outlines that portion of the program that applies to the drive train and its various mechanical components. The major goals of the program are to increase the life, reliability, and maintainability; reduce the weight, noise, and vibration; and maintain the relatively high mechanical efficiency of the gear train. The current activity emphasizes noise reduction technology and analytical code development followed by experimental verification. Selected significant advances in technology for transmissions are reviewed, including advanced configurations and new analytical tools. Finally, the plan for transmission research in the future is presented.

  2. Trends in Reports on Climate Change in 2009-2011 in the Korean Press Based on Daily Newspapers' Ownership Structure

    PubMed Central

    Lee, Jihye; Kim, Hyunsook; Hong, Youngtak; Lee, Weonyoung

    2013-01-01

    Objectives The mass media play a crucial role in risk communication regarding climate change. The aim of this study was to investigate the trend in journalistic reports on climate change in the daily newspapers of Korea. Methods We selected 9 daily newspapers in Korea, which according to the ABC Association, represented 77% of newspaper circulation, out of a total of 44 Korean daily newspapers. The collected articles were from 2009 to 2011. All of the articles were sorted into the following 8 categories: greenhouse gas, climate change conventions, sea level rise, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change synthesis reports, expected damage and effect, use of fossil fuels, global warming, and mitigation or adaptation. A chi-squared test was done on the articles, which were counted and classified into cause, effect, and measurement of climate change according to the newspaper's majority or minority ownership structure. Results From the 9 selected newspapers, the number of articles on climate change by month was greatest in December 2009. Generally, the articles vague about climate change (lack of precise data, negative or skeptical tone, and improper use of terminology) were much more common than the articles presenting accurate knowledge. A statistical difference was found based on ownership structure: the majority-owned newspapers addressed the cause of climate change, while the minority-owned newspapers referred more to climate change measurement. Conclusions Our investigation revealed that generally Korean daily newspapers did not deliver accurate information about climate change. The coverage of the newspapers showed significant differences according to the ownership structure. PMID:23573375

  3. Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (82nd, New Orleans, Louisiana, August 3-8, 1999). Newspaper, Part 1.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication.

    The Newspaper, Part 1 section of the Proceedings contains the following 10 papers: "Local News Coverage Strategies in a Three-Way Daily Newspaper Competitive Market" (Patsy G. Watkins); "Enterprise and Investigative Reporting at Ohio Metropolitan Newspapers in 1980 and in 1995" (Joseph Bernt and Marilyn Greenwald); "The…

  4. Back to the Future: The Resurgence of Community in American Society, and Community Journalism in the Newspaper Industry and Higher Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lauterer, Jock

    America is in the midst of the age of the emergent and enlightened community. Citizens increasingly demand from their newspapers high-quality, explanatory coverage of local issues. Newspapers large and small are responding. Community newspapers are growing, and many big city media outlets are rethinking their news coverage philosophy in terms of…

  5. Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (86th, Kansas City, Missouri, July 30-August 2, 2003). Newspaper Division.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    2003

    The Newspaper Division of the proceedings contains the following 22 papers: "Framing Freedom: Hoosier Republican and Democratic Newspaper Editors Frame Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation" (David W. Bulla); "Quantifying Newspaper Quality: 'I Know It When I See It'" (Philip Meyer and Koang-Hyub Kim); "Cultural Convergence:…

  6. Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (81st, Baltimore, Maryland, August 5-8, 1998). Newspaper.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication.

    The Newspaper section of the Proceedings contains the following 14 papers: "Caught in the Web: Newspaper Use of the Internet and Other Online Resources" (Bruce Garrison); "'Powerful' Attributive Verbs and 'Body Language' Statements Revisited" (Sherrie L. Wilson); "Community Journalism at Work: Newspapers Putting More…

  7. Students' Collective Knowledge Construction in the Virtual Learning Environment ""ToLigado"--Your School Interactive Newspaper"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Passarelli, Brasilina

    2008-01-01

    Introduction: The ToLigado Project--Your School Interactive Newspaper is an interactive virtual learning environment conceived, developed, implemented and supported by researchers at the School of the Future Research Laboratory of the University of Sao Paulo, Brazil. Method: This virtual learning environment aims to motivate trans-disciplinary…

  8. Informing the Public? UK Newspaper Reporting of Autism and Asperger's Syndrome

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Robertson, John W.

    2009-01-01

    An extensive survey of five leading UK newspapers reveals wide-ranging variation in coverage, from a tendency to rely on medical establishment sources in some to an apparently pro-choice, anti-establishment campaign in others but, generally, a neglect of the perspective of articulate autistics themselves. Based on an enhanced content analysis of…

  9. Moral Choices in Contemporary Society: A Study Guide for Courses by Newspaper.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marcolongo, Francis J.

    The study guide for a newspaper course on moral choices in contemporary society provides overviews, definitions, and review questions to accompany the reader and related articles. Designed for independent study, the guide helps students to understand central concepts, relate various readings to a central theme, and pursue additional reading on…

  10. GLOSSARIES FOR GRADED READINGS IN NEWSPAPER TELUGU AND MODERN LITERARY TELUGU--PRELIMINARY EDITION.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    REDDY, G.N.; MATSON, DAN M.

    THIS VOLUME IS DIVIDED INTO THREE PARTS--(1) A SERIAL GLOSSARY FOR THE AUTHORS'"GRADED READINGS IN MODERN LITERARY TELUGU" (AL 000 904), (2) ANOTHER SERIAL GLOSSARY FOR "GRADED READINGS IN NEWSPAPER TELUGU" (AL 000 905), AND (3) AN ALPHABETIC INDEX TO BOTH READERS. THE ENTRIES IN THE GLOSSARIES ARE ARRANGED BY THE ORDER IN WHICH THE ITEM IS…

  11. 20 CFR 404.1030 - Delivery and distribution or sale of newspapers, shopping news, and magazines.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... newspapers, shopping news, and magazines. 404.1030 Section 404.1030 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION FEDERAL OLD-AGE, SURVIVORS AND DISABILITY INSURANCE (1950- ) Employment, Wages, Self-Employment, and Self-Employment Income Work Excluded from Employment § 404.1030 Delivery and distribution or...

  12. "Space Science News": From Archive to Teaching Resource, the Secret Life of Newspapers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McClune, Billy; Jarman, Ruth

    2004-01-01

    This article illustrates the use of newspapers as a resource for teaching and learning about science. Science teachers in Northern Ireland have produced a special edition news magazine, "Space Science News," to support the teaching and learning of aspects of space science in secondary school. The resource is based on authentic newspaper…

  13. ASK: The Advertising Survival Kit; A Guide to Advertising in High School Newspapers and Yearbooks.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lain, Laurence B.

    The primary purpose of this booklet is to offer suggestions which will help alleviate some of the burdens involved in producing a school's publications, so that journalistic endeavors will not be damaged by economic difficulties. The first section discusses newspaper advertising and examines such topics as selling advertisements, sales approaches,…

  14. Chinese Newspapers in the United States: Background Notes and Descriptive Analysis.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Parker, Elliott S.

    The background and the current status of Chinese newspapers in the United States are examined in this paper. The first section considers early immigration patterns of Chinese people, their immigration to the West Coast of the United States beginning in the mid-nineteenth century, laws passed to exclude Chinese from legally entering the U.S., and…

  15. The Newspaper Editor As Graphic Strategist. ANPA News Research Report No. 27.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Garcia, Mario R.

    This report discusses the graphic strategies available to editors for positioning the day's news. The purposes of the report are: (1) to introduce those in charge of designing the newspaper page to the structural approach to design (the structural approach is defined as incorporating horizontal and vertical structures in the available spaces,…

  16. News Coverage of Alcohol and Other Drugs in U.S. College Newspapers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Atkin, Charles K.; DeJong, William

    2000-01-01

    Investigates the substance use-related content of a sample of student-run college newspapers. Basic information about alcohol and other drug (AOD) use was reported in about one-fifth of the items, while three-fourths dealt with social, legal, safety, or health problems associated with AOD use, especially alcohol consumption. Very few dealt with…

  17. Sequential hydrolysis of waste newspaper and bioethanol production from the hydrolysate.

    PubMed

    Wu, Fang-Chen; Huang, Shu-Sing; Shih, Ing-Lung

    2014-09-01

    A practical process was developed for production of a high quality hydrolysate of waste newspaper that ensured its complete fermentability to bioethanol. After pretreatment with 0.1N NaOH for 12h and sequential acid and enzyme hydrolysis, 10.1g/L of glucose (50.5%), 1.38 g/L of mannose (6.9%) and 0.28 g/L of galactose (1.4%), a total of 11.76 g/L of fermentable sugars was obtained, which accounts for 88.7% of saccharification efficiency. The Saccharomyces cerevisiae BCRC20271 showed excellent co-fermentability of glucose, mannose and galactose in hydrolysate of waste newspaper. After cultivation of the hydrolysate at 24°C in static culture for 48 h, the final ethanol concentration of 5.72 g/L (96% conversion efficiency) was produced. Overall, 1000 kg of waste newspaper will produce 286 kg (362 L) of ethanol by the process developed, which reveals that waste newspaper has higher potential than many other lignocellulosic and seaweed feedstocks for bioethanol production.

  18. Mongolian Newspaper Reader. Selections from "Unen". Indiana University Publications Uralic and Altaic Series, Volume 102.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Montgomery, David C.

    This work has been compiled in order to provide the beginning student of Khalkha-Mongolian with an organized corpus of material which will introduce him to the journalistic manifestation of the modern Mongolian language. The selections in this reader were all taken from "Unen," the official newspaper of the Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party…

  19. Chronicles and newspapers for the study of droughts, floods and other extremes in South Moravia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bělínová, Monika; Dolák, Lukáš; Brázdil, Rudolf

    2015-04-01

    Hydrometeorological extremes (HMEs) affected human society in all times of its development. Information about past droughts and floods as well as other HMEs can be obtained from various kinds of documentary evidence used as the basic source of data for historical climatology and historical hydrology. In this case, chronicles and newspapers for South Moravia (Czech Republic) were selected, because they contain a good description of HMEs, including their severity, extent, course, damage and impacts on society unlike other documentary sources. Different methodological problems associated with the use of information extracted from chronicles and newspapers are mentioned. While the first Moravian chronicles with HMEs reports are mainly from the 16th century, the oldest newspapers in South Moravia were published from the mid-18 century. On the basis of chronicles and newspaper various records were extracted and used for the creation of HMEs database for South Moravia. The obtained information concerns not only the period before systematic meteorological and hydrological measurements but it overlap also with the instrumental period. Data about floods, droughts and other extremes may be used, in combination with other documentary data and instrumental measurements, for the detail study of spatial and temporal variability of HMEs in South Moravia. Based on this evidence, the most disastrous floods and droughts may be further analysed in terms of their spatial extent, severity, synoptic causes and various impacts (loss of human lives, damage to property, socio-economic consequences etc.).

  20. Interpreting the Atomic Age: Scientific News Coverage of the Atomic Bomb in Representative Newspapers and Magazines.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barwis, Gail L.

    A study examined the coverage of the scientific aspects of the atomic bomb in four representative newspapers (New York "Times," New York "Herald Tribune," Chicago "Daily Tribune," and Boston "Daily Globe") and in 14 general mass circulation magazines in the time period immediately following the dropping of the bomb. Among the conclusions of the…

  1. Digital Dreams: The Potential in a Pile of Old Jewish Newspapers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jefferson, Rebecca; Taylor, Laurie; Santamaria-Wheeler, Lourdes

    2012-01-01

    To celebrate the thirtieth anniversary of the Isser and Rae Price Library of Judaica at the University of Florida, the Price Library launched the first stage of a project to digitize an important, special collection of anniversary editions of Jewish newspapers from around the world. This article provides the history of the collection, need for…

  2. Sexual Identity/Identification in Communicative Practices: A Semiological Analysis of Newspaper Coverage of Sports.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maguire, Mariangela

    A semiological study examined the products and processes of sexual identity/identification by "reading" newspaper sports photographs from three distinct but interrelated ideological positions (the dominant heterosexual culture, a residual reading which resists the dominant interpretation and asserts equality, and an emergent reading that…

  3. Popular Culture: Mirror of American Life. A Courses by Newspaper Reader.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    White, David Manning, Ed.; Pendleton, John, Ed.

    The reader is one of several supplementary materials for a 15-week newspaper course about popular culture in the United States. Four major sections contain 57 readings from sources such as monographs, novels, journal articles, and research reports. The readings present research findings, personal observations, and debate over the definition and…

  4. "Shopper" Newspapers: Are Suburban Residents Getting Their Community News for Free?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stone, Gerald C.; Trotter, Edgar P.

    A shopper is a local newspaper-format periodical that carries advertising and is circulated free of charge to the general public. This document compares the impact of the free shopper with that of the major daily subscription papers among suburban residents. For the study, a sample region was selected from the Long Beach and Orange County area of…

  5. Newspaper Content Analysis in Evaluation of a Community-Based Participatory Project to Increase Physical Activity

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Granner, Michelle L.; Sharpe, Patricia A.; Burroughs, Ericka L.; Fields, Regina; Hallenbeck, Joyce

    2010-01-01

    This study conducted a newspaper content analysis as part of an evaluation of a community-based participatory research project focused on increasing physical activity through policy and environmental changes, which included activities related to media advocacy and media-based community education. Daily papers (May 2003 to December 2005) from both…

  6. Labor's New Deal for Journalism--The Newspaper Guild in the 1930s

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scott, Dale Benjamin

    2009-01-01

    The Depression and the New Deal brought together a variety of conditions and social forces that set up a formative clash over the institution of professional journalism. At the heart of that fight was the rise of the American Newspaper Guild and its battle for control over the trusteeship of the freedom of the press. The experience in the news…

  7. "Have I Got Science News for You?": Science Coverage by UK National Newspapers--An Update

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    King, Chris; Hyden, Fiona

    2013-01-01

    As part of the "scientific literacy" debate, a survey of the balance of science stories in the media was undertaken by reviewing UK newspapers late in 2011. The survey found a preponderance of health/medical stories (50%+) and many stories relating to environment/ecology. The percentage of other biology stories and of stories related to…

  8. The Educative Role of a Regional Newspaper: Learning to Be Drier

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Campbell, Coral; Smith, Erica; Siesmaa, Emma

    2011-01-01

    Throughout the world, people have to deal with the issues of global warming and other more direct consequences of environmental change. This paper considers how a local newspaper has an educative function in a small community in advising people of specific issues and learning how to deal with changing resources. Across the period of several months…

  9. Dr. North and the Kansas City Newspaper War: Public Health Advocacy Collides with Main Street Respectability.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kovarik, Bill

    A case study examined a 1920 controversy between two newspapers. One of the last vestiges of the era of "yellow journalism" was the editorial "war" between the Kansas City "Star" and the Kansas City "Post" which culminated in a 1921 showdown. The "Star," a champion of main street interests and…

  10. Workplace ESL Literacy Program of the Los Angeles Herald Examiner Newspaper.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Herald Examiner, Los Angeles, CA.

    This packet of materials from the Los Angeles Herald Examiner's English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) workplace literacy program, defunct since the newspaper's closing, contains the following items: an overview of the program; a list of units and subunits; two sample lesson plans; teacher guidelines about evaluation and progress; lists of specific…

  11. Ethnic Slurs or Free Speech? Politics of Representation in a Student Newspaper.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Villanueva, Margaret A.

    1996-01-01

    The conflict between free speech and ethnic slurs in a university newspaper is examined, and a critical reading of the student press is presented through the cultural anthropology of representation and critical legal theory. It is suggested that student action and institutional response can be successful alternative actions to litigation in court.…

  12. Credibility of a Newspaper Health Story: The Influence of Source and Source Intent.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Salwen, Michael B.

    To discover the components of a trustworthy source, a study evaluated the credibility of health-related news stories. Subjects, 192 college undergraduates, read one of four random versions of a one-page newspaper story about aspirin's ability to ward off heart attacks. They were told that the sources for the articles were: a medical journal (high…

  13. Read All About It! Great Read-Aloud Stories, Poems, & Newspaper Pieces for Preteens and Teens.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Trelease, Jim, Ed.

    Representing many different cultures, genres, writing styles, and interests, the 50 excerpts (from newspapers, magazines, and books) presented in this book are suitable for reading aloud to young adults. The excerpts presented in the book were chosen to introduce students to the richness of literature and to a lifetime of reading. Each excerpt is…

  14. New York Newspaper Coverage of Jackie Robinson in His First Major League Season.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Washburn, Pat

    Sports articles appearing in three New York City newspapers in Jackie Robinson's first season as a major league baseball player were examined to determine if there was biased reporting based on racial prejudice. The sports pages of the New York "Times," the "Herald Tribune," and the "Daily News" for 44 days in 1947…

  15. U.S. Newspaper Content from 1820 to 1860: A Mirror of the Times?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weaver, David H.

    This study examined the content of newspapers from six geographic regions of the United States during three time periods preceding the Civil War (1820 to 1835, 1836 to 1846, and 1847 to 1860). The news articles were coded in nine general categories and rank-ordered for each region. Results indicate that quite similar news sources and news values…

  16. Minority Language Advertising: A Profile of Two Irish-Language Newspapers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kelly-Holmes, Helen; Atkinson, David

    2007-01-01

    This paper investigates the Irish-language adscape through an analysis of the profile of two Irish-language newspapers, "Foinse," published in the Republic of Ireland, and "La," published in Northern Ireland. The advertising in both papers is analysed in terms of products and services advertised, advertisers represented and…

  17. Alcohol Advertising in the College Newspaper at a Large Midwestern Residential Campus: 1984 and 1992.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hunnicutt, David M.; And Others

    1995-01-01

    A comparative analysis examines the frequency of alcohol advertising in a college newspaper and any changes in the message content of alcohol advertising from 1984 to 1992. Results indicate there has been a sizable decrease in the quantity of alcohol advertising in addition to a qualitative change in the appeals of alcohol advertising. (JPS)

  18. Supreme Court Backs Official Who Censored School Newspaper, Skirts Issue at Colleges.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fields, Cheryl M.

    1988-01-01

    High school journalists do not have the same broad First Amendment protection of free speech that adults do, the Supreme Court said in upholding a Missouri high school principal's right to delete articles on divorce and teenage pregnancy from a school-sponsored newspaper. (MLW)

  19. 43 CFR 30.211 - Will the notice be published in a newspaper?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Will the notice be published in a newspaper? 30.211 Section 30.211 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior INDIAN PROBATE HEARINGS PROCEDURES Formal Probate Proceedings Notice § 30.211 Will the notice be published in...

  20. 43 CFR 30.211 - Will the notice be published in a newspaper?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2012-10-01 2011-10-01 true Will the notice be published in a newspaper? 30.211 Section 30.211 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior INDIAN PROBATE HEARINGS PROCEDURES Formal Probate Proceedings Notice § 30.211 Will the notice be published in a...

  1. 43 CFR 30.211 - Will the notice be published in a newspaper?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Will the notice be published in a newspaper? 30.211 Section 30.211 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior INDIAN PROBATE HEARINGS PROCEDURES Formal Probate Proceedings Notice § 30.211 Will the notice be published in...

  2. 43 CFR 30.211 - Will the notice be published in a newspaper?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Will the notice be published in a newspaper? 30.211 Section 30.211 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior INDIAN PROBATE HEARINGS PROCEDURES Formal Probate Proceedings Notice § 30.211 Will the notice be published in...

  3. 43 CFR 30.211 - Will the notice be published in a newspaper?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Will the notice be published in a newspaper? 30.211 Section 30.211 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior INDIAN PROBATE HEARINGS PROCEDURES Formal Probate Proceedings Notice § 30.211 Will the notice be published in...

  4. Newspaper Coverage of Biological Subissues in the Spotted Owl Debate, 1989-1993.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Furlow, F. Bryant

    1994-01-01

    Computer archives for 27 U.S. daily newspapers were accessed to evaluate the levels of coverage for 5 biological subissues and 5 ecological concepts in articles on the spotted owl debate. The author identified a correlation between biologist/reporter contact and increased biological subissue and ecological concepts coverage. (LZ)

  5. Going Digital at College Newspapers: The Impact of Photo Credibility and Work Routines.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kelly, James D.

    A study used a diffusion of innovation approach to examine the adoption of digital imaging technology at daily college newspapers and to gauge its effect on student journalists' attitudes about the credibility of news photography and their work routines. College papers are well suited for such a study because their adoption of technology is likely…

  6. Newspaper Coverage of Women's Sports during the 2000 Sydney Olympic Games: Belgium, Denmark, France, and Italy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Capranica, Laura; Minganti, Carlo; Billat, Veronique; Hanghoj, Signe; Piacentini, Maria Francesca; Cumps, Elke; Meeusen, Romain

    2005-01-01

    In general, women are well represented among sport participants and sport audiences but not in the media. Data show that women's sport is greatly under-reported and trivialized in newspapers. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to measure press coverage during the 2000 Summer Olympic Games in the largest circulating Belgian, Danish, French,…

  7. Newspaper Subscribers vs. Non-Subscribers: Further Segmentation Offers New Insights.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grotta, Gerald L.; Babbili, Anantha Sudhaker

    A study analyzed the attitudes of newspaper subscribers and nonsubscribers to determine whether the two groups were truly distinct, homogenous segments of the public or whether there were "atypical" subscribers and nonsubscribers. Data were gathered through telephone interviews with more than 1,000 adults in the southeastern United…

  8. Alzheimer's Disease under Scrutiny: Short Newspaper Articles as a Case Study Tool.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hudecki, Michael S.

    2001-01-01

    After reading a newspaper article on Alzheimer disease, an incurable medical problem involving gradual and debilitating loss of memory, students examine the key elements of the scientific method as conveyed in the story. During their analysis students explore the workings of the nervous system and consider the role of animal model systems in…

  9. Miami's Spanish-Language Newspapers Report the l988 Presidential Primary.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Salwen, Michael B.; Subervi-Velez, Federico A.

    Because the fast-growing Hispanic population of the United States has little political and economic power (a problem which has been linked to a lack of media attention to this group), a study sought to determine to what extent Miami's Spanish-language newspapers provided Hispanic angles to the l988 presidential primary. Miami's two…

  10. The Scoop on Health: How Native American Newspapers Frame and Report Health News.

    PubMed

    Gearhart, Sherice; Trumbly-Lamsam, Teresa

    2016-07-12

    The health status of Native Americans is known to be lower than that of other Americans. One way to get relevant health information to this population is through Native-produced media. Tribal newspapers are the most popular form of Native media, consumed more often than their mainstream counterparts. As such, these community-based newspapers are meaningful tools for relevant health information gathering. This study content analyzes a census of health-related newspaper articles (N = 644) over a 1-year period from 20 Tribal newspapers across 10 regions designated by the U.S. Bureau of Indian Affairs. Findings profile the nature of health topics reported in Native news publications. Health news stories were shown to use episodic frames significantly more than thematic frames. Inclusion of supplementary information (e.g., causes/symptoms, treatment, and prevention) and inclusion of mobilizing information (i.e., provides readers resources for further action) were both shown to significantly differ by health topic. Results provide an important baseline understanding of how health news is reported in Native news publications.

  11. A Benchmark Study of Elaboration and Sourcing in Science Stories for Eight American Newspapers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ramsey, Shirley

    1999-01-01

    Offers a content analysis of science and technology stories in eight major newspapers. Shows conflict and depth in stories to be significantly related to predictor-variable population rank, with depth and breadth significantly related to predictor-variable time (years); and that organizational spokespersons were used more as sources than…

  12. Bi-Lingual Newspaper as an Expression of a Fake Multicultural Educational Policy in Israel

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baratz, Lea; Reingold, Roni; Abuhatzira, Hannah

    2011-01-01

    The current paper analyzes a unique educational text that may be used to follow the educational policy of the State of Israel towards the community of Jewish immigrants from Ethiopia. The text which was analyzed was a bi-lingual newspaper called "Nugget News" which is published under the sponsorship of the Israeli Ministry of Education,…

  13. Tom Paine's Plan for Revolutionizing America: Diplomacy, Politics, and the Evolution of a Newspaper Rumor.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Touba, Mariam

    1994-01-01

    Examines a rumor stemming from a newspaper article (attributed at the time to Thomas Paine, though he denied having had anything to do with it) that outlined a plan for Revolutionary France to take over the newly independent United States. Looks at the article's diplomatic origins, the evidence of its attribution, and its path in the American…

  14. Learning About the Nature of Science Using Newspaper Articles with Scientific Content

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    García-Carmona, Antonio; Acevedo Díaz, José Antonio

    2016-08-01

    This article presents a study aiming at assessing the efficacy of reading newspaper articles with scientific content in order to incorporate nature of science (NOS) aspects in initial primary teacher education. To this aim, a short teaching intervention based on newspaper articles was planned and performed under regular class conditions. First, prospective teachers read two newspaper articles related to a recent and controversial scientific research report in the field of physics. Next, they responded reflectively in small groups to various questions related to NOS aspects insinuated in the articles in order for researchers to diagnose their prior ideas about these. Each group then presented their responses in class, and a discussion among groups was encouraged in order to provide feedback. Based on this, the groups revised their initial responses. The evolution of the written responses of the groups was analyzed through an interpretive approach using the methods of inter-rater and intra-rater analysis and low-inference descriptors. The findings showed that these prospective teachers in general improved their NOS views. In the absence of further research, these first findings make evident the pedagogical potential of reading certain newspaper articles for learning about NOS under usual classroom conditions. Finally, some educational implications and perspectives derived from the study are discussed.

  15. Digital Retouching: Is There a Place for It in Newspaper Photography?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reaves, Shiela

    Photography editors from three major newspapers and three former presidents of the National Press Photographers Association were surveyed to establish a framework for discussion of ethical questions concerning digital retouching of photographs and its impact on the credibility of photojournalism. Although photographs have been repaired, spliced or…

  16. 49 CFR 1105.12 - Sample newspaper notices for abandonment exemption cases.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... OF ENVIRONMENTAL LAWS § 1105.12 Sample newspaper notices for abandonment exemption cases. In every... Section of Environmental Analysis (SEA) will generally prepare an Environmental Assessment (EA), which... environmental and energy matters should be filed no later than 15 days after the EA becomes available to...

  17. 49 CFR 1105.12 - Sample newspaper notices for abandonment exemption cases.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... OF ENVIRONMENTAL LAWS § 1105.12 Sample newspaper notices for abandonment exemption cases. In every... Section of Environmental Analysis (SEA) will generally prepare an Environmental Assessment (EA), which... environmental and energy matters should be filed no later than 15 days after the EA becomes available to...

  18. 49 CFR 1105.12 - Sample newspaper notices for abandonment exemption cases.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... OF ENVIRONMENTAL LAWS § 1105.12 Sample newspaper notices for abandonment exemption cases. In every... Section of Environmental Analysis (SEA) will generally prepare an Environmental Assessment (EA), which... environmental and energy matters should be filed no later than 15 days after the EA becomes available to...

  19. 49 CFR 1105.12 - Sample newspaper notices for abandonment exemption cases.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... OF ENVIRONMENTAL LAWS § 1105.12 Sample newspaper notices for abandonment exemption cases. In every... Section of Environmental Analysis (SEA) will generally prepare an Environmental Assessment (EA), which... environmental and energy matters should be filed no later than 15 days after the EA becomes available to...

  20. 49 CFR 1105.12 - Sample newspaper notices for abandonment exemption cases.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... OF ENVIRONMENTAL LAWS § 1105.12 Sample newspaper notices for abandonment exemption cases. In every... Section of Environmental Analysis (SEA) will generally prepare an Environmental Assessment (EA), which... environmental and energy matters should be filed no later than 15 days after the EA becomes available to...

  1. School and Community in Shock as Newspaper Tries to Honor Three Who Die in Car Wreck.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zwiebel, Kathleen

    1999-01-01

    Describes how the staffs of the yearbook, newspaper, online Web page, and literary magazine (at the Pottsville Area High School in Pennsylvania) worked together on a special insert to cover the deaths of three students in an auto accident. Appends an exercise on deciding coverage of automobile accidents. (RS)

  2. Newspaper Readership and Community Ties; Precision Journalism: Coming of Age. ANPA News Research Report No. 18.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stevenson, Robert L.; Ismach, Arnold H.

    The first of two articles in this report offers a survey of how community ties lead to various psychological needs that are the motivation for newspaper reading. It identifies three distinct audience segments: the traditional audience, with permanent bonds to the community, whose need for information, guidance, and community surveillance leads to…

  3. Lecture Courses and Private Instruction Advertised in Selected London Newspapers, 1742-1765.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Long, Huey B.

    1984-01-01

    This study of selected London newspapers between 1742 and 1765 reveals that advertised educational opportunities for adults, such as public lectures, lecture courses, and private instruction, were relatively expensive. Prior to 1760 medical and scientific topics were emphasized; an emerging interest in dancing, fencing, and music is also noted.…

  4. Using the Daily Newspaper as a Teaching Tool in DE--Part 1

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Englander, Fabian

    1974-01-01

    The stock market can be studied by students in distributive education using the daily newspaper as an inexpensive, available text. Study in other economic areas is also possible, Familiarization with the classified ads and the business, financial, or real estate section can be gained from this approach to De. (AG)

  5. Risk in Daily Newspaper Coverage of Red Tide Blooms in Southwest Florida

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Li, Zongchao; Garrison, Bruce; Ullmann, Steven G.; Kirkpatrick, Barbara; Fleming, Lora E.; Hoagland, Porter

    2015-01-01

    This study investigated newspaper coverage of Florida red tide blooms in four metropolitan areas of Southwest Florida during a 25-year period, 1987-2012. We focused on how journalists framed red tide stories with respect to environmental risk, health risk, and economic risk. We determined risk to be a key factor in this news coverage, being an…

  6. Reviewing Newspaper Articles as a Technique for Enhancing the Scientific Literacy of Student-Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Elliott, Paul

    2006-01-01

    The ability to understand and evaluate news reporting of science is often cited as an attribute of a scientifically literate person. This work reports on an attempt to develop such attributes in a group of 19 student-teachers. They were introduced to a review technique designed to help them evaluate newspaper representation of science and engage…

  7. A Comparative Study of Performance on a College Student Newspaper: Foreign Versus American Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stevenson, Robert Louis; Mufuka, Kenneth

    2005-01-01

    This study carried out at Lander University attempts to make a qualitative comparison between the contributions to a student newspaper made by foreign students and American students as well as make some analytical assessments as to the focus and world view brought to bear on the writings in the student paper. It shows that foreign students…

  8. 78 FR 77096 - Newspapers Used for Publication of Legal Notices in the Southwestern Region, Which Includes...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-20

    .... SUMMARY: This notice lists the newspapers that will be used by all Ranger Districts, Grasslands, Forests... Objections affecting National Grasslands in New Mexico, Oklahoma, and Texas are listed by Grassland and location as follows: Kiowa National Grassland notices published in:--``Union County Leader'', Clayton...

  9. 76 FR 75866 - Newspapers Used for Publication of Legal Notices in the Southwestern Region, Which Includes...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-05

    .... SUMMARY: This notice lists the newspapers that will be used by all Ranger Districts, Grasslands, Forests... Objections affecting National Grasslands in New Mexico, Oklahoma, and Texas are listed by Grassland and location as follows: Kiowa National Grassland notices published in: --``Union County Leader'', Clayton,...

  10. 77 FR 73412 - Newspapers Used for Publication of Legal Notices in the Southwestern Region, Which Includes...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-10

    .... SUMMARY: This notice lists the newspapers that will be used by all Ranger Districts, Grasslands, Forests... Availability for Comment and Decisions and Objections affecting National Grasslands in New Mexico, Oklahoma, and Texas are listed by Grassland and location as follows: Kiowa National Grassland notices...

  11. Representations of the health value of vitamin D supplementation in newspapers: media content analysis

    PubMed Central

    Caulfield, Timothy; Clark, Marianne I; McCormack, James P; Rachul, Christen; Field, Catherine J

    2014-01-01

    Objective To examine the nature of media coverage of vitamin D in relation to its role in health and the need for supplements. Design Media content analysis. Setting Print articles from elite newspapers in the UK, the USA and Canada. Participants 294 print newspaper articles appearing over 5 years (2009–2014). Results Newspaper coverage of vitamin D generally supported supplementation. The most common framing of vitamin D in print articles was “adequate vitamin D is necessary for good health.” Articles also framed vitamin D as difficult to obtain from food supply and framed vitamin D deficiency as a widespread concern. In discussions of supplementation, 80% articles suggested supplementation is or may be necessary for the general population, yet almost none of the articles discussed the potential harms of vitamin D supplementation in any detail. Print articles named 40 different health conditions in relationship to vitamin D. The most commonly cited conditions included bone health, cancer and cardiovascular health. Although print articles referred to a wide range of scholarly research on vitamin D with varying degrees of endorsement for supplementation, a general tone of support for vitamin D supplementation in media coverage persisted. Conclusions Newspaper articles conveyed overall support for vitamin D supplementation. News articles linked vitamin D to a wide range of health conditions for which there is no conclusive scientific evidence. Media coverage downplayed the limitations of existing science and overlooked any potential risks associated with supplementation. PMID:25552612

  12. Preparing Students To Work on Newspaper Copy Desks: Are Educators Meeting Editors' Expectations?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Auman, Ann E.; Cook, Betsy B.

    A study surveyed two groups in the fall of 1994, journalism educators and newspaper editors. Educators completed a survey regarding the course content and skill areas emphasized in beginning level copy editing courses, while editors were asked to respond to questions regarding the skills they expect entry-level copy editors to have. Respondents…

  13. The Use of WORM Optical Disc Storage for Newspaper Cuttings in a Public Library.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fulton, Alan R.

    1990-01-01

    Describes the collection of the Local History Department of the Central Library in Aberdeen (which includes 2,300 volumes of locally produced newspapers and 101,000 sheets of press cuttings) and the use of an optical disk system to help solve the problems of storage and access to these materials. (CLB)

  14. Toward Automatic Determination of the Semantics of Connectives in Large Newspaper Corpora

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bestgen, Yves; Degand, Liesbeth; Spooren, Wilbert

    2006-01-01

    We explored the possibility of using automatic techniques to analyze the use of backward causal connectives in large Dutch newspaper corpora. With the help of 2 techniques, Latent Semantic Analysis and Thematic Text Analysis, the contexts of more than 14,000 connectives were studied. The method of analysis is described. We found that differences…

  15. The "Bended Elbow" News, Kenora 1974: How a Small-Town Newspaper Promoted Colonization

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anderson, Mark; Robertson, Carmen

    2007-01-01

    By exploring the ways in which Kenora's daily newspaper spoke to the deep-seated, endemic, systemic anti-native racism woven into the fabric of Canadian society since its inception as a political entity in the nineteenth century, this paper aims to contribute to a better understanding of the nature of Canada's colonial imagination as expressed in…

  16. Using Newspapers and Advertisement as a Focus for Science Teaching and Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Akcay, Hakan; Kapici, Hasan Ozgur; Yager, Robert E.

    2017-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to provide a brief literature review and useful suggestions for using advertisements as tools for organizing and accomplishing science teaching and learning. Newspapers and advertisements can be used as a context for developing scientific literacy and for promoting the development of critical thinking skills, through…

  17. Interpreting the Newspaper in the Classroom: Foreign News and World Views.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nesbitt, William A.

    This classroom text is intended to assist teachers in educating students as consumers of the mass media, especially in messages from abroad. The subject has two major aspects: 1) the student's own limitation, and 2) the effects of human frailty in gathering and presenting the news. The newspaper is emphasized over other news media in this book.…

  18. An Analysis of the Editorial Content and Policy of Twenty Selected High School Newspapers in Pennsylvania.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hince, Thaddeus Edmund

    Through interviews with student editors, a questionnaire survey, and an analysis of editorials in high school newspapers, this study attempted to (1) discover the relative importance of, or interest in, certain topics through quantification; (2) rank these topics in order of importance; (3) determine the editorial attitude toward each topic; and…

  19. A FREQUENCY COUNT OF CONTEMPORARY GERMAN VOCABULARY BASED ON THREE CURRENT LEADING NEWSPAPERS. FINAL REPORT.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    SWENSON, RODNEY

    THIS FREQUENCY LISTING OF CONTEMPORARY GERMAN VOCABULARY BASED ON A TABULATION OF A 584,000 WORD SAMPLE TAKEN FROM THREE WIDELY READ, GEOGRAPHICALLY REPRESENTATIVE WEST GERMAN NEWSPAPERS WAS DESIGNED, PRIMARILY, TO BE USED AS A PEDAGOGICAL TOOL BY TEACHERS AND STUDENTS, TEXT AND TEST WRITERS, CURRICULUM PLANNERS, AND RESEARCH SCHOLARS IN UPDATING…

  20. Editorial Page Editors and Endorsements: Chain-owned vs. Independent Newspapers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    St. Dizier, Byron

    Questionnaires were sent to 114 of the 228 editorial page editors at newspapers in the United States with daily circulations greater than 50,000 for a study that compared (1) the editor-publisher relationship existing at chains to that found at independent papers, and (2) the 1984 presidential endorsements made by chains to those by independent…

  1. Modality and Point of View: A Contrastive Analysis of Japanese Wartime and Peacetime Newspaper Discourse.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Iwamoto, Noriko

    1998-01-01

    A study demonstrates the existence of a wartime register in Japanese newspaper journalism and characterizes its major linguistic and stylistic features. Special emphasis is placed on the aspect of modality as related to point of view. Modality expresses the mode within which the propositional content of a sentence is presented as certain,…

  2. Usando el Periodico durante el desarollo (Growing Up Using the Newspaper: Ideas for Parents).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Becher, Nancy A.

    Written for parents, this guide offers suggestions for using the newspaper at home to practice reading skills, to discover new information, and to teach critical reading. Activities in the guide are arranged according to grade level (kindergarten through grade two, grades one through three, grades four through six, and grades seven through twelve)…

  3. Oceans: Our Continuing Frontier. A Study Guide for Courses by Newspaper.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hawkins, Helen S.

    This study guide is one of several supplementary materials for a 16-week newspaper course about oceans. Learning objectives are to help students understand the potential value of the sea, major sources of pollution, contribution of marine archaeology to knowledge of ancient civilizations, and the decline in fictional writing about the sea. Content…

  4. Debunking the Mutilated Boy: A Study of Newspaper Editors and an Inflammatory Rumor.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Lee

    A study examined how newspaper editors resolve issues relating to rumors--that is whether to cover stories which may turn out to be false. The "mutilated boy" rumor was chosen for its antiquity and endurance, its powerful theme, and its ability to create intense anxiety in a community. Thirty-three of the 86 editors who responded to the…

  5. Hodding Carter's Newspaper on School Desegregation, 1954-1955. Journalism Monographs Number Ninety-Two.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marsh, Harry D.

    Noting that Hodding Carter, Jr., editor and majority owner of the Greenville, Mississippi, "Delta Democrat-Times," was considered a spokesman of and to the South regarding racial matters during the two decades between the end of World War II and the escalation of the Vietnam war, this monograph examines Carter's newspaper in the two-year…

  6. Media coverage of the Ebola virus disease in four widely circulated Nigerian newspapers: lessons from Nigeria

    PubMed Central

    Smith, Sam; Smith, Stella

    2016-01-01

    Background: The importance of the media in the coverage of Ebola virus disease (EVD) in Nigeria and its implications (negative or positive) amongst the populace cannot be overemphasized.This study was conducted to assess the role of media in the Ebola reportage and its implication in creating awareness and stopping the spread amongst the populace. Methods: The nature and extent of media coverage about Ebola in four major national newspapers were examined. The four major national newspapers were The Sun, The Vanguard, The Nation and The Punch newspapers. The period of study ranged from 20 July (when the index case came to Nigeria) to 20 October 2014. Analysis of the newspaper article was according to content. Results: A total of 1625 articles were published between July 2014 to October 2014 and these were divided into news (1127; 69.4%), features (267; 16.4%), opinion (76; 4.7%), editorials (149; 9.2%) and interviews (6; 0.4%). The most common topic was Ebola cases in Nigeria (17.5%) followed by discrimination due to Ebola (10.8%) and least of all the use of salt and or Kola for the cure of Ebola (5.2%). Conclusion: Although the World Health Organization (WHO) declared Nigeria Ebola free on the 20th October 2014, continual reportage of the Ebola disease for effective awareness, prevention and control of the virus is recommended. PMID:27386424

  7. Historical and Genealogical Gold Mine: An Index Project for a Small-Town Newspaper.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Armstrong, Thomas F.; Fennell, Janice C.

    1982-01-01

    Describes project initiated at Georgia College to provide access to the information in small-town newspapers by developing an index-abstract for the Milledgeville, Georgia, "Southern Recorder" and its successors (1820-present). The nature of the index project, subject terms, funding, and the use of computers are discussed. Seven…

  8. Unplanned Terminology Development: A Synchronic and Diachronic Study on Economic Terms in Turkish Newspapers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Karabacak, Erkan

    2009-01-01

    This study deals with unplanned terminology development in the subject field of economics within media discourse. It examines how economic terms in Turkish newspapers emerge, are used, and cease. This developmental process is also analyzed through productivity of economic terms and the factors affect them. The subject terms are also analyzed as a…

  9. Human Resource Development in Newspaper Recruitment Advertisements: A Resource for Curriculum Design

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brooks, Kit; Nafukho, Fredrick Muyia; Herrington, Mary

    2004-01-01

    This paper explored HRD-related job advertisements in the state of Arkansas over a five-year period. This analysis was part of the curriculum revision process for a graduate Workforce Development Program at the state's "flagship" university. Classified advertisements from newspapers of major cities across the state were examined to…

  10. Metaphors in the Press: The Effectiveness of Working with Newspaper Tropes to Improve Foreign Language Competence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zashchitina, Galina

    2013-01-01

    The given article intends to focus on some approaches to teaching English as a second language at an advanced or proficient level. The paper primarily deals with the ways in which stylistic aspect of newspaper language can be put to use by university students thus becoming an integral part of their classroom discourse. The study aims at presenting…

  11. Newspaper Photographs and the 1996 Presidential Election: The Question of Bias.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Waldman, Paul; Devitt, James

    1998-01-01

    Contributes to research regarding the impact of news media on presidential elections. Performs a content analysis of photographs of Bill Clinton and Bob Dole in five major newspapers. Rejects the conclusions of "liberal bias" in the press coverage of presidential campaigns, arguing instead for the presence of a strategic bias benefitting…

  12. Coverage of Jade Goody's cervical cancer in UK newspapers: a missed opportunity for health promotion?

    PubMed Central

    2010-01-01

    Background It has been claimed that publicity surrounding popular celebrity Jade Goody's experience of cervical cancer will raise awareness about the disease. This study examines the content of newspaper articles covering her illness to consider whether 'mobilising information' which could encourage women to adopt risk-reducing and health promoting behaviours has been included. Methods Content analysis of 15 national newspapers published between August 2008 and April 2009 Findings In the extensive coverage of Goody's illness (527 articles in the 7 months of study) few newspaper articles included information that might make women more aware of the signs and symptoms or risk factors for the disease, or discussed the role of the human papilloma virus (HPV) and the recently introduced HPV vaccination programme to reduce the future incidence of cervical cancer. For example, less than 5% of articles mentioned well-known risk-factors for cervical cancer and less than 8% gave any information about HPV. The 'human interest' aspects of Goody's illness (her treatment, the spread of her disease in later months, her wedding, and her preparations for her children's future) were more extensively covered. Conclusions Newspaper coverage of Goody's illness has tended not to include factual or educational information that could mobilise or inform women, or help them to recognise early symptoms. However, the focus on personal tragedy may encourage women to be receptive to HPV vaccination or screening if her story acts as a reminder that cervical cancer can be a devastating and fatal disease in the longer term. PMID:20576115

  13. How the Use of Color Affects the Content of Newspaper Photographs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Cindy M.

    Focusing on the effects that color photography has had on the content of photographs published in daily newspapers in the United States, a study conducted interviews with both photographers and photo editors and also carried out a content analysis comparison of photographs published before and after the use of color at a small daily, "The…

  14. American Newspaper Editorials on the Vietnam War: An Experimental Approach to Editorial Content Analysis.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Elias, Stephen N.

    The editorials about four Vietnam War news events that appeared in five newspapers were examined for content, tone, page placement, and length to discover what trends in editorial coverage occurred. The 131 editorials that were examined appeared in the "New York Times," the "Los Angeles Times," the "Wall Street…

  15. A Content Study of Selected American Newspapers on the Fall of China in 1949.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chao, Edward Yi

    A study examined the treatment of Chinese affairs in four American newspapers during December 1949, when China fell to Communism. Content analyses were conducted on issues of the "New York Times,""The Christian Science Monitor,""The Chicago Tribune," and "The St. Louis Post-Dispatch." Each of the 416…

  16. What Is Religion News? An Analysis of Stories by Religion Writers at Three Newspapers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Buddenbaum, Judith M.

    A study was conducted to analyze religion news coverage in three metropolitan newspapers. While no formal hypothesis was tested, it was thought that coverage would reflect the general news policy at each particular paper to the extent that the religious beat has lost its stigma as a second-class beat. Twenty-eight religious stories from the…

  17. Newspaper Delivery of ABE/GED Curriculum Materials. Final Report and Final Product.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lenz, Kitty

    This report describes the delivery of adult basic education/general educational development (ABE/GED) materials throuqh a local newspaper. The materials, 24 English and math lessons developed by the Vineland (New Jersey) Adult Education Center and later distributed by Project Rural in Centre County, Pennsylvania, were published by the "Valley…

  18. The rural restaurant healthy options program: response of rural, local newspapers to a program press release.

    PubMed

    Nothwehr, Faryle; Andsager, Julie; Haines, Heidi

    2014-03-01

    Local media should be used to raise awareness of health promotion programs. In rural areas, local newspapers provide an opportunity to reach large numbers of residents. Although there are expert guidelines describing the process for successfully engaging local media, little has been documented regarding the range of responses that local, rural newspapers might have when approached about covering health promotion programs. This study describes the response of rural, local newspapers to a press release about a health promotion program taking place in 28 restaurants in different rural towns. The most common reason for not publishing a story was that it would constitute free advertising for the restaurant. Twenty-two stories were analyzed using descriptive statistics. The majority of the responding newspapers were weeklies, and 16 published the full press release verbatim. Three stories included photos, and five included quotes. Headlines typically included the name of the restaurant and the university partner. The overall response rate is encouraging; however, there is considerable room for improvement in terms of personalizing the story with photos or quotes. Greater efforts may be required to obtain this depth of coverage, including training for local journalists to increase their interest and confidence in covering health promotion issues.

  19. "Gee Whiz!" and "Aw Nuts!": Radio and Newspaper Coverage of Baseball in the 1920's.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Towers, Wayne M.

    During the 1920s professional baseball emerged as both a mass sport and a mass media-reported sport. This emergence was accompanied by evolution and change in both radio broadcasting and newspaper sports writing. Live coverage of sporting events, particularly baseball's World Series, provided a part of radio's growth process that affected the…

  20. Astronaut James Lovell reads newspaper account of Apollo 13 safe recovery

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1970-01-01

    Astronaut James A. Lovell Jr., Apollo 13 mission commander, reads a newspaper account of the safe recovery of the problem plagued mission. Lovell is on board the U.S.S. Iwo Jima, prime recovery ship for Apollo 13, which was on a course for Pago Pago.

  1. Alumni Try to Rewrite History on College-Newspaper Web Sites

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kolowich, Steve

    2009-01-01

    When Nickie Dobo wrote a column in 2003 for her college newspaper--"The Daily Collegian" at Pennsylvania State University--decrying the "hook-up culture" on the campus, she never expected it to resurface years later in an attack on her professional credibility. But that's what happened when Ms. Dobo, now a reporter for the…

  2. Is the News about Development All Good? A Content Analysis of Selected Foreign Newspapers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ogan, Christine; Swift, Clint

    Defining development as a participatory process within a society aimed at creating or maintaining social structures and institutions that allow a society's present and future needs to be met, a study was undertaken to discover what kind of treatment was given to development news by Third World media. Eleven foreign newspapers from a university…

  3. Influence of medical journal press releases on the quality of associated newspaper coverage: retrospective cohort study

    PubMed Central

    Schwartz, Lisa M; Andrews, Alice; Stukel, Therese A

    2012-01-01

    Objective To determine whether the quality of press releases issued by medical journals can influence the quality of associated newspaper stories. Design Retrospective cohort study of medical journal press releases and associated news stories. Setting We reviewed consecutive issues (going backwards from January 2009) of five major medical journals (Annals of Internal Medicine, BMJ, Journal of the National Cancer Institute, JAMA, and New England Journal of Medicine) to identify the first 100 original research articles with quantifiable outcomes and that had generated any newspaper coverage (unique stories ≥100 words long). We identified 759 associated newspaper stories using Lexis Nexis and Factiva searches, and 68 journal press releases using Eurekalert and journal website searches. Two independent research assistants assessed the quality of journal articles, press releases, and a stratified random sample of associated newspaper stories (n=343) by using a structured coding scheme for the presence of specific quality measures: basic study facts, quantification of the main result, harms, and limitations. Main outcome Proportion of newspaper stories with specific quality measures (adjusted for whether the quality measure was present in the journal article’s abstract or editor note). Results We recorded a median of three newspaper stories per journal article (range 1-72). Of 343 stories analysed, 71% reported on articles for which medical journals had issued press releases. 9% of stories quantified the main result with absolute risks when this information was not in the press release, 53% did so when it was in the press release (relative risk 6.0, 95% confidence interval 2.3 to 15.4), and 20% when no press release was issued (2.2, 0.83 to 6.1). 133 (39%) stories reported on research describing beneficial interventions. 24% mentioned harms (or specifically declared no harms) when harms were not mentioned in the press release, 68% when mentioned in the press release

  4. Automatic transmission

    SciTech Connect

    Ohkubo, M.

    1988-02-16

    An automatic transmission is described combining a stator reversing type torque converter and speed changer having first and second sun gears comprising: (a) a planetary gear train composed of first and second planetary gears sharing one planetary carrier in common; (b) a clutch and requisite brakes to control the planetary gear train; and (c) a speed-increasing or speed-decreasing mechanism is installed both in between a turbine shaft coupled to a turbine of the stator reversing type torque converter and the first sun gear of the speed changer, and in between a stator shaft coupled to a reversing stator and the second sun gear of the speed changer.

  5. Automatic transmission

    SciTech Connect

    Miki, N.

    1988-10-11

    This patent describes an automatic transmission including a fluid torque converter, a first gear unit having three forward-speed gears and a single reverse gear, a second gear unit having a low-speed gear and a high-speed gear, and a hydraulic control system, the hydraulic control system comprising: a source of pressurized fluid; a first shift valve for controlling the shifting between the first-speed gear and the second-speed gear of the first gear unit; a second shift valve for controlling the shifting between the second-speed gear and the third-speed gear of the first gear unit; a third shift valve equipped with a spool having two positions for controlling the shifting between the low-speed gear and the high-speed gear of the second gear unit; a manual selector valve having a plurality of shift positions for distributing the pressurized fluid supply from the source of pressurized fluid to the first, second and third shift valves respectively; first, second and third solenoid valves corresponding to the first, second and third shift valves, respectively for independently controlling the operation of the respective shift valves, thereby establishing a six forward-speed automatic transmission by combining the low-speed gear and the high-speed gear of the second gear unit with each of the first-speed gear, the second speed gear and the third-speed gear of the first gear unit; and means to fixedly position the spool of the third shift valve at one of the two positions by supplying the pressurized fluid to the third shift valve when the manual selector valve is shifted to a particular shift position, thereby locking the second gear unit in one of low-speed gear and the high-speed gear, whereby the six forward-speed automatic transmission is converted to a three forward-speed automatic transmission when the manual selector valve is shifted to the particular shift position.

  6. 76 FR 65503 - Notice of Extension of Comment Period; International Transmission Company, d/b/a ITC Transmission

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-21

    ... of Extension of Comment Period; International Transmission Company, d/b/a ITC Transmission AGENCY... Period. SUMMARY: International Transmission Company, d/b/a ITCTransmission (ITC), filed a request to... Presidential permit proceeding regarding the ITC application to amend Presidential Permit No. PP-230-3....

  7. Supporting tobacco control: stimulating local newspaper coverage with a technical assistance website for local coalitions.

    PubMed

    Buller, David B; Bettinghaus, Erwin P; Helme, Donald; Young, Walter F; Borland, Ron; Maloy, Julie A; Cutter, Gary R; Andersen, Peter A; Walther, Joseph B

    2011-11-01

    A large and growing literature confirms that well-designed web-based programs can be effective in preventing or treating several chronic diseases. This study examined how the Internet can deliver information and train community activists and specifically tested the effects of web-based technical assistance on local tobacco control coalitions' efforts to use media advocacy to advance their agendas. The authors compared a highly interactive, Enhanced website (intervention) to a noninteractive, Basic text-based website (comparison) in Colorado communities. A total of 24 tobacco control coalitions led by local county health departments and nursing services were enrolled in the project and randomly assigned to use either the intervention or comparison website. A total of 73 local daily and weekly newspapers were identified in the service areas of 23 of the 24 coalitions. A posttest assessment of newspaper coverage was conducted to locate all newspaper articles with tobacco control information published between January 1 and April 9, 2004, the last 3 months of the intervention. Although there was no evidence of a treatment effect on the frequency of newspaper articles on tobacco-related issues, there was, however, evidence that newspapers in counties where the coalition had access to the Enhanced website printed more stories focused on local/regional issues and more anti-tobacco local/regional stories than in the counties where coalitions had access to the Basic website. Coalitions can improve their influence on local media for community tobacco control when high-quality online technical assistance, training, and resources are available to them.

  8. Tobacco advertising and press coverage of smoking and health in 10 years of Argentinean newspapers

    PubMed Central

    Braun, Sandra; Mejia, Raul; Barnoya, Joaquín; Gregorich, Steven E.; Pérez-Stable, Eliseo J.

    2013-01-01

    Objective To describe the extent and content of tobacco-related images, advertising and articles published in the largest Argentinean newspapers before and after a voluntary advertising ban implemented in 2001. Methods Issues from four months of each year of the four main national newspapers were examined from 1995 to 2004. We recorded the number of tobacco images (advertisement or not), tobacco-focused articles, space used, and placement within the newspaper. Regression analyses evaluated time trends. Results We identified 1800 images and articles from 4828 different issues. Non-advertisement images were the most frequent (71.2%), followed by articles (20%) and advertisement images (8.8%). Advertisements only appeared in the two best selling newspapers with a majority (57%) in the Sunday magazine and 21% in the sports sections. Non-advertisement images were published in the sports and entertainment sections (55%) and showed a public figure in 88%. Of 336 articles, 39% focused on health topics and 55% emphasized the negative effects of tobacco on health. Regression models showed that prior to 2001 there were significant time-related decreases in ad images and articles and significant increases in non-ad images. The trend of each outcome changed direction beginning in 2001 and the magnitude of the change in trend was significant for ad images and non-ad images. The number of non-ad images dropped significantly in 2001 from a model-predicted value of 178 per year to 103 non-ad images and remained constant thereafter. Conclusions Tobacco images exceeded information about tobacco hazards in Argentinean newspapers over this period. Advertisement increased from 2001 to 2005, following the voluntary advertisements ban. Partial advertisement bans are ineffective and a total ban is imperative. PMID:24032052

  9. Trends in North American Newspaper Reporting of Brain Injury in Ice Hockey

    PubMed Central

    Cusimano, Michael D.; Sharma, Bhanu; Lawrence, David W.; Ilie, Gabriela; Silverberg, Sarah; Jones, Rochelle

    2013-01-01

    The frequency and potential long-term effects of sport-related traumatic brain injuries (TBI) make it a major public health concern. The culture within contact sports, such as ice hockey, encourages aggression that puts youth at risk of TBI such as concussion. Newspaper reports play an important role in conveying and shaping the culture around health-related behaviors. We qualitatively studied reports about sport-related TBI in four major North American newspapers over the last quarter-century. We used the grounded-theory approach to identify major themes and then did a content analysis to compare the frequency of key themes between 1998–2000 and 2009–2011. The major themes were: perceptions of brain injury, aggression, equipment, rules and regulations, and youth hockey. Across the full study period, newspaper articles from Canada and America portrayed violence and aggression that leads to TBI both as integral to hockey and as an unavoidable risk associated with playing the game. They also condemned violence in ice hockey, criticized the administrative response to TBI, and recognized the significance of TBI. In Canada, aggression was reported more often recently and there was a distinctive shift in portraying protective equipment as a solution to TBI in earlier years to a potential contributing factor to TBI later in the study period. American newspapers gave a greater attention to ‘perception of risks’ and the role of protective equipment, and discussed TBI in a broader context in the recent time period. Newspapers from both countries showed similar recent trends in regards to a need for rule changes to curb youth sport-related TBI. This study provides a rich description of the reporting around TBI in contact sport. Understanding this reporting is important for evaluating whether the dangers of sport-related TBI are being appropriately communicated by the media. PMID:23613957

  10. Transmission Investment: A Primer

    SciTech Connect

    McGarvey, Joe

    2006-10-15

    This primer highlights recent trends in transmission investment, summarizes the division of jurisdictional authority over transmission, and presents four alternative models for transmission ownership. (author)

  11. Alar and apples: newspapers, risk and media responsibility.

    PubMed

    Friedman, S M; Villamil, K; Suriano, R A; Egolf, B P

    1996-01-01

    During 1989, a major environmental and health risk issue, the spraying of Alar on apples, created a furor among the American people. After hearing charges from the Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC) that eating Alar-laden apples significantly increased a child's risk of developing cancer, numbers of school districts dropped apples from their menus and parents poured apple juice down the drains. Apple sales plummeted. The NRDC's charges, which were disseminated by a well-planned and effective public relations campaign, brought counter-charges from the US environmental Protection Agency, which accused the NRDC of basing its study on poor data, among other things. The core of the dispute was in the risk figures and risk interpretations being used by each organization.

  12. Automatic transmission

    SciTech Connect

    Aoki, H.

    1989-03-21

    An automatic transmission is described, comprising: a torque converter including an impeller having a connected member, a turbine having an input member and a reactor; and an automatic transmission mechanism having first to third clutches and plural gear units including a single planetary gear unit with a ring gear and a dual planetary gear unit with a ring gear. The single and dual planetary gear units have respective carriers integrally coupled with each other and respective sun gears integrally coupled with each other, the input member of the turbine being coupled with the ring gear of the single planetary gear unit through the first clutch, and being coupled with the sun gear through the second clutch. The connected member of the impeller is coupled with the ring gear of the dual planetary gear of the dual planetary gear unit is made to be and ring gear of the dual planetary gear unit is made to be restrained as required, and the carrier is coupled with an output member.

  13. 45 CFR 630.645 - Federal agency or agency.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... or agency. Federal agency or agency means any United States executive department, military department... (including the Executive Office of the President), or any independent regulatory agency....

  14. 41 CFR 105-74.645 - Federal agency or agency.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ....645 Federal agency or agency. Federal agency or agency means any United States executive department... the executive branch (including the Executive Office of the President), or any independent...

  15. 76 FR 18553 - Agency Forms Undergoing Paperwork Reduction Act Review

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-04

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Agency Forms Undergoing Paperwork Reduction... in clients' self-reported HIV transmission risk behaviors after participating in the intervention... participant will complete a 20 minute, self administered, computer based interview prior to...

  16. Automatic transmission

    SciTech Connect

    Hamane, M.; Ohri, H.

    1989-03-21

    This patent describes an automatic transmission connected between a drive shaft and a driven shaft and comprising: a planetary gear mechanism including a first gear driven by the drive shaft, a second gear operatively engaged with the first gear to transmit speed change output to the driven shaft, and a third gear operatively engaged with the second gear to control the operation thereof; centrifugally operated clutch means for driving the first gear and the second gear. It also includes a ratchet type one-way clutch for permitting rotation of the third gear in the same direction as that of the drive shaft but preventing rotation in the reverse direction; the clutch means comprising a ratchet pawl supporting plate coaxially disposed relative to the drive shaft and integrally connected to the third gear, the ratchet pawl supporting plate including outwardly projection radial projections united with one another at base portions thereof.

  17. Planetary transmission

    SciTech Connect

    Nerstad, K.A.; Windish, W.E.

    1987-04-21

    A planetary transmission is described comprising: an input shaft; a first planetary gear set having a first sun gear driven by the input shaft, a first planet carrier serving as the output, a first ring gear, and first brake means for selectively holding the fist ring gear stationary; a second planetary gear set having a second sun gear driven by the input shaft, a second planet carrier connected for joint rotation to the first ring gear, a second ring gear, and second brake means for selectively holding the second ring gear stationary; a third planetary gear set having a third sun gear connected for joint rotation to the second planet carrier, a third planet carrier connected for joint rotation to the second ring gear, a third ring gear, and third brake means for selectively holding the third ring gear stationary; and clutch means for connecting the third sun gear to the input shaft and providing a direct drive mode of operation.

  18. Overdrive transmission

    SciTech Connect

    Miller, G.F.

    1986-02-04

    This patent describes an overdrive transmission device for use with a motor vehicle. It consists of: a housing; a driving shaft rotatably mounted within the housing; a planetary gear-train; a driven shaft rotatably mounted in the housing and driven by the planetary gear train; and, a device for selectively connecting the planetary gear carrier to the housing or to the driven shaft for rotation; a hydraulically actuated piston adapted to forcibly contact the clutch friction members of the second clutch; a source of working fluid; a pump in fluid flow communication with the source of working fluid; a first valve downstream of the pump and in fluid flow communication with the pump and the hydraulically activated piston.

  19. Automatic transmission

    SciTech Connect

    Meyman, U.

    1987-03-10

    An automatic transmission is described comprising wheel members each having discs defining an inner space therebetween; turnable blades and vane members located in the inner space between the discs of at least one of the wheel members, the turnable blades being mechanically connected with the vane members. Each of the turnable blades has an inner surface and an outer surface formed by circular cylindrical surfaces having a common axis, each of the turnable blades being turnable about the common axis of the circular cylindrical surfaces forming the inner and outer surfaces of the respective blade; levers turnable about the axes and supporting the blades; the discs having openings extending coaxially with the surfaces which describe the blades. The blades are partially received in the openings of the discs; and a housing accommodating the wheel members and the turnable blades and the vane members.

  20. Representations of cycling in metropolitan newspapers - changes over time and differences between Sydney and Melbourne, Australia

    PubMed Central

    2010-01-01

    Background Cycling is important for health, transport, environmental and economic reasons. Newspaper reporting of cycling reflects and can influence public and policy maker attitudes towards resource allocation for cycling and cycling infrastructure, yet such coverage has not been systematically examined. Methods The Factiva electronic news archive was searched for articles referring to cycling published in four major metropolitan newspapers - two in Sydney and two in Melbourne, Australia, in the years from 1998 until 2008. After excluding articles not about cycling, there were 61 articles published in 1998, 45 in 1999, 51 in 2003, 82 in 2007 and 87 in 2008. Each article was coded for positive or negative orientation, and for framing of cyclists and cycling. Inter-rater reliability was calculated on a sample of 30 articles. Results Over the past decade there has been an increase in the reporting of cycling in the major newspapers in Sydney and Melbourne (from 106 in 1998/99 to 169 stories in 2007/08), with a significant increase in reporting of cycling in Melbourne, from 49 to 103 stories (p = 0.04). Recent reporting of cycling was generally positive (47% of articles, compared with 30% of articles which were negative) and focused on benefits such as health and the environment. Three quarters of negative stories involved injury or death of a cyclist. The Sydney based The Daily Telegraph reported the most negative stories (n = 60). We found positive framing of 'cycling' was more widespread than negative, whereas framing of 'cyclists' was more negative than positive. Conclusions Quantity of reporting of cycling varies over time and by newspaper, and even between newspapers in different cities owned by the same media company. News coverage appears to reflect developments in the different cities, with increases in positive reporting of cycling in Melbourne following increases in cycling in that city. Negative cycling newspaper stories may deter people from considering